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Archeological adviser, Stanley E. West
Outlines English history from the end of Roman rule around 410 to the Norman invasion in 1066. Presents the various raids and migrations which changed the face of England; details the settlements of the Anglo-Saxons by recent excavations at Cadbury, West Stow, and Winchester; and portrays the growth of the monasteries
- 2015-02-13 19:14:11
- This is the North Sea sometimes Commons move sometimes stormy and treacherous across which there has been an ebb and flow of peoples to Britain over many centuries. Hour period begins when the Roman troops were being withdrawn and the Romano British population were left to fend for themselves. Saxons and Franks were raiding the shores. Dover was the port nearest to the continent of Europe and a lighthouse guided the merchant shipping safely across the waters from goal. During the four hundred years of Roman occupation in the face of the country had changed completely. Trade and prosperity had greatly increased towns are developed and there was an extensive network of good roads by four hundred a day in the Roman army had many serving Anglo Saxons and their families have been allowed to join them in an attempt to minimize the danger caused by the withdrawal of Roman troops and the frequent raids on the east coast long before there is a chain of force have been built to combat this danger the so-called Saxon shore. Forbes the northeast coast was also protected by a series of signal stations. The shore Ford said. DEP us and for a few generations. Roman Britons of Vive but eventually the raids became major migrations of people was from the Anglo-Saxon homeland. In boats similar to this. They came to settle on the fur tiled cultivated land of eastern Britain alongside the settlements already established under Roman rule. By five hundred a day. The East in the Thames Valley were heavily populated but opposition was encountered to the west and following the battle of Mount Baden the legendary King Arthur became the symbol of Celtic resistance. Cadbury Castle in Somerset is an important Hill fault it has been systematically excavated over several years to determine the sequence of settlement as the site has long been associated with the legends of King Arthur's palace at Camelot. Examination of the defense's showed a definite rebuilding of the complete circle awards during the fifth and sixth century is a D. the time of King Arthur. From the evidence it has been possible to reconstruct the elaborate timber work which supporting a wooden paddle bit with held the onslaught of the Saxons. Throughout the southeast. Saxon kingdoms came into being by six hundred A.D. and their boundaries may still be seen like the great offers dike in the West. Ninety miles long the wonder dike in the south. And possibly the devil's ditch in Cambridge or. There is very little to be seen above ground of the Anglo-Saxon period but air photographs of crop marks has led to the discovery of many sites the gravel terraces along the River Thames or mocking show evidence of occupation. Circular Iron Age settlements rectangular Roman defense works and the many large black dots which represents Saxon huts. Gravel working with rapidly destroying this area and in advance of the machines a rescue operation was carried out to reveal the pattern of the settlements. The Saxons settlement was spread along half a mile of the sea would slope on this level of gravel surface the outline of one of the Hearts can be made out and is being dampened to make it more visible. After careful excavation the dugout floor shows the extent of the heart. Play weights from a loon were found in the center of the floor and to post holes for the roof supports. In contrast to this canted community a complete Saxon village has come to light at Westboro in East Anglia where meticulous excavation has revealed a complex plan. The site dates from about four hundred a day and was occupied for about two hundred fifty years. There were many hats but for the first time the discovery of four large a horse. The area was mechanically cleared and in the top of the natural gravel details of the extent of the Hearts could be followed. Over sixty hearts were excavated to burn one showing that they were well built with wooden floors over a pit or seller with plank walls and a fat roof. The small heart cluster around the for larger holes suggesting family groups. To looms were discovered with loom weights lying where they had fallen after the heart of been burnt to the ground. The economy of the villages shown by the thousands of food bones including a high proportion of adult sheep wall was obviously important. There were over a hundred fine Combs in a very good state of preservation. Letters look at some of the every day things are early Anglo Saxon times. From cemeteries in East Anglia have come be sparkles and many on it's. A well made pair of tweezers. Large bronze broaches were in use in the sixth century. Stylized face forms the terminal of this one. The pin used to hold the brooch in position has long since decayed. Weapons were buried with the Warriors. Solved shields and spears as a marking. Anglo-Saxon pottery is hand-made not thrown on a wheel and is usually in plain baggy shapes some is decorated with fingernail impressions. Or with stamped on them and various designs. Some part were very large and would probably use for storage. In Southeastern Britain traditionally the area of judicial settlement many rich cemeteries have been excavated. Finding clues the broaches guilt Braun inlaid with garnet. Crystal balls as pendant. And glass claw beakers of fine work when ship imported from the Rhineland. A photograph of many years ago. Taken a tap low on the Thames. Shows the excavation of a burial of pagans blender other King who's belongings included this drinking on. The rim has settings were duels and is decorated with human faces. Gold buckles are set with garnets and lab is lousy line. Hanging bowls with decorative plates are unexplained features of the Saxon has hope. One was found in the remarkable Sutton who shipped burial This photograph shows the imprint in the sand. This Betty outside of kings of East Anglia. Lies at the head of an estuary. Ten miles from the sea. A great open rowing boat was uncovered some eighty feet long and fourteen feet wide. Dated about six twenty five there are close connections with the Swedish royal house. Amidships was the burial chamber and from this came the most remarkable collection of Saxon articles on an unprecedented scale. The great belt buckle with animal interlace design. The person it with mythical birds and beasts in laid Garnett. And to shoulder clasps wonderfully designed and executed. Craftsmanship of the very highest order. In the north of Britain and Bamber in Northumberland I can fit all of the English kings was founded in five forty seven on a site now occupied by the great twelve century castle. Barely five miles away is Lindisfarne Holy Island about six thirty five's and Adan came here from the sacred aisle of Iona to establish a Christian monastery within sight of the royal palace. A causeway was the only connection with the mainland. I'm. An illustrated manuscript from the monist Roosters the vibes it was later to be attributed to the angels so intricate is the work. These other Lindisfarne Gospels written and illustrated towards the end of the seventh century Celtic Germanic a Mediterranean art styles intermingled. Christianity and pagan mismanaging co-exist on this way or bone casket which shows on the left the pagan legend of way Linda Smith and on the right the adoration of the Magi. The religious houses with the centers of learning and scholarship. Beads Ecclesiastical History of the English nation collected together details of past events. And the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is the earliest known history written in English. Later the heroic poem of bare wall from the great beast Grendel was recorded to tell us something of the ideals prevailing in Anglo-Saxon society with many details of every day life. Christiana de rapidly became established and crosses were set up where the Gospel was preached the Bukhari so crass in northern Britain show carving inspired by the art of the eastern Mediterranean with designs grows and classical figures mixed with the love of into layers of Northern Europe. On the misty banks of the river Tyner gyro one of the earliest churches was built beside the remains of the monastic settlement the home of the first English historian. Be. Monk where math church dates from six seven default or and has a fine Saxon tower. At Eskom in Dharm a similar church survives with characteristic high narrow nave and abroad well in Essex this Chapel was built on the wall of a Roman fort. Bradford uneven is well preserved with find masonry and the tower. Earls Barton in Northamptonshire belongs to the last phase of Anglo-Saxon architecture and dates from the late tenth century. The declaration is probably based on timber work. In contrast to a wooden church erected in the Essex forest green stead about eight fifty. Has was constructed a vertical split blocks. By seven fifty a day. Britain had numerous established kingdoms and soon it was the turn of the Saxons to defend themselves from Raiders and invaders the Long Ships of the Vikings crossed the northern seas and all around the coast. Attacks developed. The marauding Norseman came from the sheltered waters of the fiords of Norway and the mainland of Denmark. They were ruthless seafaring men who came to destroy am plunder particularly the rich Christian monasteries their ships were propelled by sale and orders a well preserved one came to light agog starred in Norway. It was under a very large Betty or mount and around were orphaned cordage three small boats. Six beds the sledge twelve horses and six dogs. The boat now rests in the Viking ship Museum in Oslo. Made entirely of it was built for sixteen pairs of all those and shows a thoroughly practical knowledge of shipbuilding. The Vikings object was to terrify their photos out of a red foreboding sunrise they would strike. Attacked and killed with fire and sword from the fury of the North men Good Lord deliver us. From seven ninety three onwards many monasteries were sacked. Lindisfarne and Gerald. There were numerous raids to East Anglia in eight sixty five came the great army from Denmark. Its campaigns are recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. A kingdom was founded a York and eventually the whole eastern England came under Danish rule Dame Law. Fifty years earlier than this in the south the kingdom of Wessex became Supremes. Its capital was Winchester. Winchester has been an ecclesiastical centre for centuries and was the capital of King Alfred the Great sex and leader around the present cathedral asserted been going on to discover the site and extent of the old and new ministers are Saxon times only known until now from historical records. Beside and partly beneath the present building the walls of the sacraments to have found. The Winchester Research Unit has been making a complete historical investigation of the city's development back in time to the medieval Saxon and Roman settlements to piece together the life of the city. It shows that Roman when just or had a regular pattern of streets within its walls but after the Romans had left this street Patton disappeared and in early Saxon times. Houses were built on the hard surface of the main highway. Six hundred years later the settlement Patton had evolved to this and the minister had become the center of life of the community. Perhaps this is the figure of King Alfred. The Alfred Jewel is the work of a skilled craftsman and a round the edge of the words. Alfred ordered me to be made it is thought to be the handle of a pointer. But Alfred was not secure. And soon the day and attacked again and again. He was driven to the west to the Somerset marshes but he's great achievement carried on by his son and grandson was to transform the old kingdom of the West Saxons into England with English. Danes are Norse among its subjects. There were many times by the tenth century a new settlement being made in the fathers did. Areas these settled conditions led to a monastic revival It was the Great Age of Anglo-Saxon book production particularly the Winchester school. The new minister LIBOR V.-Day shows the Danish King Canute presenting a golden crust to when just it can you. Was a formidable warrior and in Denmark are they remained a well organized military fortresses of his time this one zero caliber log was beside a river and the wooden houses inside the rampart were built in the shape of boats. The fortress was remarkably well laid out and one crew of a Viking longship was quartered in each house. One has been reconstructed. From such fortresses canoed crossed the three years with is highly trained forces and in ten eleven he succeeded to the throne of England an Anglo Danish royal house was then established. By these late Saxon times England was prosperous having a well developed trade with the continent particularly through door stared at the mouth of the Rhine where extensive excavations and revealed the remains of a large trading port. The people here had many connections across the sea. In England the ports of South Antony London and Ipswich thrived on this trade. At Ipswich day below present ground level pieces of amphora for Renishaw wine were found. Anglo-Saxon England came to a dramatic and with the Norman invasion. Here is William Duke of Normandy. Soon to be king. And so likely waves upon the shore. Basic set of migration they respond of data seven centuries had welded together a diversity of peoples during an intensely formative period which was Anglo-Saxon England.
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I'm noticing that only a very few plagues, such as swept London in 1665 (Hence: Ring'a'Ring of Roses) are ever menioned...
And yes, there were many, many plagues between Saxon Times and Right Now in what could be called "The Middle Of A Plague".
Subject: Great film
Subject: Anglo-Saxon England
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