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Archive (Athens)
by Philippopoulos Michalis, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University
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Naturalism in literature makes its appearance around the middle of the 19th century, as a result of the great and rapid progress of the natural sciences. Summarizing the factors that shaped naturalism, we distinguish the following three: a) industrialization, which brings with it any social changes (class inequalities, prosperity of the upper classes, impoverishment of the working and rural population, etc.), thus opening up new fields of concern for the authors, b) the evolution of biology and...
Topics: Papadiamantis, Naturalism, Fonissa, Literature
Archive (Athens)
by Madoura Giota, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University
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The main characteristics of the dramatic art of Aristophanes –based on his work Ornithes (Birds)- and Menander –based on his work Dyskolos- are analyzed in this essay. With Ornithes, Aristophanes turns to Utopia, to the overthrow of the familiar reality, to the paradox, not only serving the comic art, but responding to the political impasse of Athens. The flight of the two Athenians (Peisthetairos, Evelpidis) indignant at the dichotomy of their fellow citizens becomes an occasion to raise...
Topics: Theatrical Studies, Aristophanes, Menander, Attic Comedy, New Comedy, Birds, Dyskolos
Archive (Athens)
by Pavlidis Georgios, Prof. University of Macedonia
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Dyslexia is the extreme difficulty in reading, spelling, and writing, especially in transferring thought to writing. The above problems are not due to mental or psychological-environmental-educational factors, but to neurological and usually hereditary causes. Dyslexics read extremely slowly and with many errors. They often skip lines, repeat, add or remove syllables, or replace words to such an extent that sometimes they see another word and read another. They perform much better orally than...
Topics: Biomedicine, Dyslexia, Eye-movement test, Hyperactivity, Impulsivity, Dyslexia Prognosis
Archive (Athens)
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The transition from the age of the machine and the corresponding mechanistic perception of space, a consequence of the achievements of the Industrial Revolution, in the Age of the Information Revolution, brought further radical changes in living standards and the perceptual state of spatial structures. Televisions, Internet, modern digital media, are just some of the elements that have redefined the logic of space boundaries. This short essay is an excerpt from a Lecture at the School of...
Topics: Digital Technology, Architecture, Age of Information
Archive (Athens)
by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Magic in Byzantine era is a case that certainly needs much more space than one has in the limited context of a paper. As a matter of fact, we will focus on some elements that we considered indicative of our topic and quite informative, leaving aside the general considerations. More details, moreover, and a more extensive analysis of the subject can be sought by the persistent researcher in the very good efforts of modern Greek scientists. Beyond Michael Psellos historical context we ground this...
Topics: Archaeology, Anthropology, Byzantine Studies
Archive (Athens)
by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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K.P. Cavafy and K.G. Karyotakis are two poets who have been active in the early 20th century. Their work, although unrecognized by their contemporaries, was a milestone in the course of Modern Greek literature and marked both the aesthetic and the social point of view of modern poets. The so-called poetic's poems are a frequent phenomenon in the work of both Cavafy and Karyotakis. These are the poems that reveal the artistic reflection of their creators, the source of their inspiration, and the...
Topics: Literature, K.P. Cavafy, K.G. Karyotakis, Poetic's Poems
Archive (Athens)
by Vassiliki Toutsidou, MA in Archaeology, University of the Aegean
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The aim of this essay is to formulate approaches to the defining the role of the social gender in the formation of the cultural perceptions of the riparian Mesolithic-Neolithic settlement of the Lepenski Vir Danube. It is oriented towards a different view, from that proposed by traditional models that support the existence of a matriarchal society based on the worship of the Great Goddess in the Paleolithic and Neolithic cultures of Europe. Therefore we will explore available evidence from...
Topics: Prehistoric Archaeology, Lepenski Vir, Gender Archaeology, Burial Practices, Great Goddess, Johann...
Archive (Athens)
by Verona Ornela, Architect, National Technical University of Athens
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Every product of modern science and technology is based on knowledge acquired in the past and forms the basis for the production of new sophisticated methods in the future. And so in an attempt by the two notable Albanian architects Emin Rita, Pirro Thomo, to understand the morphological system of the Albanian residence, we find that its evolution is closely related to the historical and social reality of the time.
Topics: Architecture, Rural Albanian Residence
Archive (Athens)
by Theoni Dede, Cultural Studies, MA in Cultural Units Management, Hellenic Open University
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The 1970s has been a period of adjustment for Greek society (dictatorship, loss of half of Cyprus, economic hardship). The New Greek Cinema matured in this social context, while the Old Greek Cinema showed the biggest decline since its appearance. In the following essay, we will refer to the conditions under which the New Greek Cinema was formed. Next, we will present the developments that took place in the field of Greek cinema and the main differences between Old and New Greek Cinema....
Topics: Old Greek Cinema, New Greek Cinema, Directing, Movies Art, Culture, Theo Angelopoulos
Archive (Athens)
by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Εμμανουηλίδου, Ελ. 2015, Η σεξουαλική ανάπτυξη και ζωή των εφήβων με ειδικές ανάγκες, 6-14. Βουλιάκης, Π. 2015, Αναγέννηση και Μεταρρύθμιση: Η συμβολή τους στην κατάλυση των πεποιθήσεων και αξιών που κυριαρχούσαν τον Μεσαίωνα, 15-25. Βενετοπούλου, Π. 2015, Η φιλοσοφία απλή...
Topics: Biomedicine, Philosophy, Literature, Archaeology, History, Medieval History, History, Philosophy,...
Archive (Athens)
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In the aftermath of the historic, global-scale changes of September 11th, 2001, reflections have being developed on the hot issues of reshaping the state-citizen relationship in a society of fear, strengthening of the state, updating the war as a policy-making tool, and the shrinking of citizens’ rights on the altar of the ideology of security and protection of human life. With the focus on terrorism, criminal repression, civil rights, globalization, issues have being raised on the issues of...
Topics: Law, Ideology of Security, Anti-terrorist Law, Militarism, Mass Media, Social Unrest
Archive (Athens)
by Vernicos Nicolas, Prof. Emeritus, University of the Aegean; Dascalopoulou Sofia, Prof. Emerita, University of the Aegean
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An analysis of the place names of the coastal area of Crimea (Tauris) has been found in the description of Pallas (1795), along with the study of two or three historic «monuments» of the written and oral linguistic tradition of the Crimean Greeks, make it possible to establish a small vocabulary. This historic glossary provides several direct and indirect informations on the cultural heritage of the Greek speaking communities of Mariupol who live along with the Tatar-speaking Urums who have...
Topics: Anthropology, Ethnology, History, Hellenism in Crimea, Urums
Archive (Athens)
by Siouli-Kataki Zoe, Dr. University of Peloponnese
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The language issue is a definitively resolved issue -at least in law context- for modern Greek social reality. However, as a means of ideological and social enforcement, it has plagued Greek society for centuries. We will try, therefore, to define the language issue, to follow its evolution from the Hellenistic period until its final resolution, and we are going to resume what were its consequences in the ideological confrontations, the political life and the education politics of the modern...
Topics: Linguistics, Ideology, Atticism, Demotic, Katharevousa
In this essay, an attempt is made to research the biographical data as well as the writing production of one of the most important scholars of the first years after the fall of the Constantinople, Manuel the Corinthian. His writing activity, mainly Hymnographic, is particularly important, although the church never ranked him among the great choirs of its poets. However, although partly insignificant, the role he plays when he takes over the management of the Great School of the Nation is...
Topics: Manuel the Corinthian, Grand Orator, Logothete of the Great Church of Christ
Archive (Athens)
by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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From Dodekádeltos to the last reforms of the late Byzantine era Roman law shows a constant trend for renewal, in terms of its relationship with institutions and individuals. In this essay we investigate its path in the Byzantine context and we will try to briefly record the way in which justice was rendered in the Byzantine administrative context.
Topics: Law, Dodekádeltos, Roman Law, Codex Iustinianus, Codex Theodosianus, History, Novelae
Archive (Athens)
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Intercultural education and assimilative education are two educational models with radically opposite orientations and goals. They represent two different roles of education in managing the issue of social diversity and require different educational policies and programs, focused on either the idea of assimilation or the idea of the right to cultural particularity. This essay explores the assimilation and intercultural practices in education and attempts a critical approach to the Greek...
Topics: Adult Education, Intercultural Education, Assimilative Education
Archive (Athens)
by Briasoulis Konstantinos, Interdepartmental Postgraduate Program, National and Kapodistrian University, University of Patra, University of the Aegean
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In recent years, there has been a coordinated effort worldwide for the development of monuments and archaeological sites. With the change of socio-political conditions and the rise of the standard of living and education, it has become clear that going back to the past and to a better understanding of human history, can be beneficial for the future of modern man. The man of the 20th century wants to get in touch with his history, in order to escape even a little from the harsh reality, which...
Topics: Archaeology, Theatrical Studies, Natural Lighting, Artificial lighting
Archive (Athens)
by Vernicos Nicolas, Prof. Emeritus, University of the Aegean; d'Ayala, Pier-Giovanni, Dr. International Scientific Council for Island Development
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Présentation de quenouilles du Musée de la ville de Palmi (Calabre) ►Le conocchie del Museo Calabrese di Etnografia e Folklore Raffaele Corso di Palmi◄ Images, lors d’une visite en 1971. Dessins de Nicolas Vernicos et quelques comparaisons avec des sculptures traditionnelles de Grèce. (Mise à jour à l’aide de nouvelles images de quenouilles).
Topics: Quenouilles, Anthropomorphes, Musée de la Ville de Palmi, Bois Sculpte, Anthropologie, Archaeologie
Archive (Athens)
by Tampaki, K. Pediatrician, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki; Tampakis, Th. Pediatrician, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
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Of all Fine Arts, music is the only one that has been used so much over time as a healing medium. It is truly paradoxical that while for the nature and purpose of music, philosophy and science could not agree its healing properties have been universally recognized. The question is therefore reasonable. Τo what extent does music owe the possibility of entering the field of science, without abandoning the field of art? What qualities make this specialty a tool in the hands of music therapists,...
Topics: Biomedicine, Fetal Period, Music
Archive (Athens)
by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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At the end of the archaic era flourished the cult of Dionysus. Two factors contributed significantly to this fact. Dionysus’ rituals (god of vegetation and fertility), with their frantic festivities and unbridled enthusiasm, found fertile ground in the rural tradition of the happy holidays that followed the hard work of summer and autumn. On the other hand, the Dionysian cult was greatly strengthened by the policy of the tyrants, who wanted to weaken the older cults of the heroes, which were...
Topics: Theatrical Studies, Religion, Politics, Attic Theater
Archive (Athens)
by Ioannidou Anna, MA in Law, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
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Antonio Gramsci was one of the most important Marxist thinkers in the 20th century. His writings are heavily concerned with the analysis of state, culture, political leadership, Ideological Hegemony, Intellectuals and political parties. He spent his last eleven years in Mussolini s prisons, where he wrote 32 “Notebooks”. The central and guiding theme of these Notebooks was the development of a new Marxist theory, applicable to the conditions of advanced capitalism. Gramsci saw the role of...
Topics: Antonio Gramsci, State, Hegemony, L Ordine Nuovo, Il Grido di Popolo, Notebooks, Intellectuals
Archive (Athens)
by Lagoudaki Eleni, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University
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This essay deals with the argument of the mature theory of Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) against the possibility of the existence of a "private language". This is an argument based on the position that there can be no language that has been invented and understood by a single person. In addition, he considers it impossible to assimilate language from our inner consciousness. In order to understand and comprehend this assumption, the path that his thought followed until he came to...
Topics: Ludwig Wittgenstein, Philosophy, The Argument of the Private Language
Archive (Athens)
by Pneumatikos Konstantinos, Archaeologist, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
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The Middle Minoan period is the period of great upheavals and shocking innovations in all aspects of Minoan life. The post-Minoan phase is the one that comes to materialize these innovations, leading the Minoan civilization to its peak and the inhabitants of the island to the zenith of their prosperity. It is during this period that all forms of administrative centralization seem to take on their final form: palaces, small palaces, rich urban or rural mansions. One of those built at the...
Topics: Archaeology, Prehistory, Minoan Civilization, Hagia Triada, Minoan Settlement
Archive (Athens)
by Dimoglidis Vasileios, Ph.D. Student, University of Cincinnati
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This essay is a small pilot part of a forthcoming paper that examines the translation attempts for ancient tragedy. The system of criticism of translation in Greek tragedy is a system established by assistant professor of Ancient Greek and Latin Literature Helen Gasti in her lectures of Ancient Greek Tragedy. Many times this system has been misinterpreted and is rated as abstruse. However this is an unfair judgment. Through this system is distinguished each translator’s interpretative...
Topics: Philology, Criticism of translation in Greek Tragedy, Euripides
Archive (Athens)
by Siouli-Kataki Zoe, Dr. University of Peloponnese
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Thematics of the ancient tragedy were drawn from the rich legacy of Greek mythology and concerned the achievements of gods and heroes of prehistoric times. In particular, a large part of Greek mythology concerned the relationship between gods and heroes and their action, offering indirect reasons for the origin of religious rituals. The central theme of Greek mythology was the action of humans in relation to the gods. The object of this paper is the function of the divine influence in the work...
Topics: Theatrical Studies, Euripides, Iphigenia in Aulid, Iphigenia in Taurus, Divine Intervention
Archive (Athens)
by Tsopanis Konstantinos, Dr. University of Bucarest
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In every conversation about the French Revolution, everyone's mind goes to a spontaneous outburst of the French people against royal and ecclesiastical domination, which took place on the occasion of the economic hardship to which the country was driven by the poor economic management of the politicians and incompetence of the local government by King Louis XVI. Notwithstanding the fact that the French Revolution was a great event that shocked and shook Europe - defeating it in the ensuing wars...
Topics: History, French Revolution, Masonry
Archive (Athens)
by Tsopanis Konstantinos, Dr. University of Bucarest
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The initiation ceremony, having its roots in the first steps of humanity in rituals of introduction and acceptance of new members in each race and social group, was transformed over time into a purely religious event, which was the introduction to the Greek, Hellenistic and Roman world in all the mystical and mystical cults addressed to the restless spirits who sought a direct contact, "intoxication", with the Divine. One of the later mystics was the emperor Julian, who was initiated...
Topics: Religion, History, Emperor Julian, Initiation
Archive (Athens)
by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Mavromatti, M. 2013, Symeon Stylites: His three Lives as versions of history, 6-15. Βενετοπούλου, Π. 2013, Η ηθική φιλοσοφία του Τόμας Χομπς, 16-24. Φιλιππόπουλος, Μ. 2013, Οι Βυζαντινοί και οι άλλοι τον 11o και 12o αιώνα, 25-29. Σιούλη Κατάκη, Ζ. 2013, Το πρωτογενές τελετουργικό δρώμενο της μουσικής, του χορού και...
Topic: Archaeology, Medieval History, Art, History, Byzantine Studies
Archive (Athens)
by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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Τhe various artistic movements of Academic art, in narrow dependence to the influences of Munich School, the necessity of return in the Byzantium and the popular culture in the painting and the author's production of Photis Kontoglou, as well as the ethnocentric perception in the contemplation of the generation of '30, the abstraction after the war, critical realism in the generation of ‘60, constitute recipients of the influence of social and historical situations in the multifunctional...
Topics: Academic Art, Munich School, Modern Greek Art
The term organizational ambidexterity represents the dual ability of an organization to be effective in managing current business requirements and at the same time adaptable to changes in the environment. Applied at the level of the organization, ambidexterity represents the ability of the organization to take advantage of its current capabilities, while at the same time exploring substantially new capabilities. In other words, the organization is creative and adaptable, while continuing to...
Topics: Ambidexterity, Perceived organizational politics, Work outcomes
Archive (Athens)
by Dascalopoulou Sofia, Prof. Emerita, University of the Aegean; Vernicos Nicolas, Prof. Emeritus, University of the Aegean
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Connue sous le nom de Pont Euxin, la mer Noire a depuis l’antiquité constitue, pour les Grecs, le «pontos» (i.e. la mer) par excellence pour la navigation, le commerce des produits alimentaires et des matières premières. C’était aussi vers ses rivages que se dirigèrent des vagues de migrations successives qui ont conduit à la création d’un réseau de colonies côtières qui hellénisèrent le bassin pontique ou les colons coexistaient avec les peuples riverains. Cette situation...
Topics: Autochtonéité des Krim Roum, Colonies Grecques et Pontiques, L' Hellénisme du Pont Euxin Grecs...
Archive (Athens)
by Verona Ornela, Architect, National Technical University of Athens; Kostidakis Theodoros, Architect, National Technical University of Athens
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It is a fact that there is a constant interaction between space and man. This happens in many ways. Any architecture, like any other external object, is understood by man through a process of perception, which transforms the messages of the senses into individual experience and knowledge. But during this process the external stimulus is altered. That is, the inner image one forms of the building is never the same as the actual image of the building. The inner image is charged with various kinds...
Topics: Architecture, Psychology
Archive (Athens)
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Any attempt to highlight the elements of prehistoric art is a de facto complex process and requires specific typological and genre classifications. Based on the above mentioned, this essay spans in two separate sections. The first describes three prehistoric works -a Cycladic vase, a Minoan fresco and a Mycenaean blade- and highlights their stylistic and cultural features. The second section describes an Attic geometric vase and an archaic Attic column, and attempts to incorporate them into the...
Topics: Archaeology, Art, Prehistory
Archive (Athens)
by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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The following excerpt, part of Platonic dialogue -in indirect speech narrative, stylistic and genre innovation of Plato- examines through Socrates and the participants the general problem of physics and cause, as well as the idea as a cause of birth, decay and existence. The aim of our approach is to record firstly the views of pre-Socratic philosophers, especially Anaxagoras, on knowledge and sensory perception, as described by Socrates, and to compare them with our modern perceptions of...
Topics: Philosopy, Platonic Dialogues, Phaedo, Pre-Socratics
Archive (Athens)
by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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Eighteenth century΄s turn found the old continent in a state of generalized crisis. New theories emerged, which brought to the fore individuality and idealism, as a reaction to the rationality and absolute truths of the Enlightenment. Kant’s obsession with the domination of free will, Fichte’s theory of knowledge, Herder’s introduction of the concept of expressionism and the idea of belonging sowed the seeds of change that bore fruit in the nineteenth century. In this climate of...
Topics: Literature, Romanticism
Archive (Athens)
by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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In the middle of the 19th century, an artistic movement appeared in Europe that was to be the subject of much discussion. This movement, called realism, was the forerunner of naturalism and proposed, through objective observation, the reaction to the romantic excesses of the imagination, the dominance of science, empiricism and positivism. The implementation of the fundamental demand of European realism, the faithful representation of modern reality, in countries with delayed industrial...
Topics: Literature, Georgios Vizyenos, Ethography
Τα καδέρνα της Αστυπάλαιας 1510-1525I (Quaderni di Stampalia 1510-1525), αφορούν σε καλλιεργητές και γεωργική παραγωγή, όπως και σε ανθρώπους και τοπωνύμια. Τα πέντε τετράδια έχουν καταχωριστεί στο αρχείο του ιδρύματος με την ακόλουθη σειρά: Libretto 1:  χρονολογίας 1522, φωτογραφίες nos DSCF0045 – 0049....
Topics: Anthropology, Quaderni di Stampalia, Anaphe, Astypalaia, Fondazione Querini Stampalia, Toponymics
Archive (Athens)
by Monti Aikaterini, Pediatrician, National Health Service Director, Writer
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We live in a time when at least applied sciences are advancing geometrically and we "do not have time" to assimilate the consequences of their revelations. Theories and conceptions that only a few decades ago were the subject of intense controversy or the cause of shocking upheavals, today are "commonplace" and modern research a few years ago would seem completely science fiction. Even though the popularization of scientific knowledge is not always easy, its applications are...
Topics: Biomedicine, Brain, Jean Piaget, Tabula Rasa, Artificial Intelligence, Turing Experiment,...
Archive (Athens)
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A very important issue in the research of feasts is the effort to find the necessary sources that lead to the understanding of the reasons why the church, as an administration and as a functional body, decides and ultimately favors the formation of a feast, either despotic or theological. In the present study, an attempt is made to investigate, not so much the reasons, but the preliminary stages that led to the final formation of the feast of Presentation of Jesus at the Temple, in the 4th...
Topics: Theology, Patristic Texts, Presentation of Jesus at the Temple
Archive (Athens)
by Aggeliki Kallianou, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University
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The Greek Revolution radically overthrew the existing Ottoman dominion from 1453 to 1821, with the immediate result of the creation of the new state, independent of the Ottoman Empire, with a homogeneous population, where the Greeks could exercise power and promote their interests. In this paper we will try to analyze the economic factors and how they contributed in the formation of the newly created Greek state, which was economically weak in relation to the northern regions and the eastern...
Topics: Greek Economy, Greek Revolution, Greek Industry, Raisin Crisis, Bankruptcy, National Bank,...
Archive (Athens)
by Cosmidis Dimitris, Dr. University of the Aegean; Lymperis Nikos, Maître des Conferences, Paris VI University
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If the relation between Greeks and Persians is not a story of love and hate (another aspect of love), it is at least a very interesting story. The Persian military campaigns to Asia Minor and Greece, each one with the participation of hundreds of thousands of warriors led by the richest kings of the time, such as Xerxes and Darius, could not possibly aim at the Greeks’ “riches”. Fascination with the Aegean civilization seems a more likely motive from the point of view of Persia, the other...
Topics: History, Archaeology, Anthropology, Alexander the Great
Archive (Athens)
by Batargias Triantafyllos, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University
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In Cavafy’s poetry, scholars (but also Cavafy himself) seem to distinguish poems in three different categories: the philosophical, the hedonistic, and the historical. Most of the time, however, it happens that a poem belongs to a specific area because it is more characteristic or we just have the feeling that it is superior, while in the poem there are elements that belong to both or both “areas” at the same time.
Topics: Literature, Constantine P. Cavafy
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by Batargias Triantafyllos, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University
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"Chrysovergouli" is a fairy tale from Leros island in Dodecanese recorded in 2004 and "The King Snake" is a fairy tale from Kakasd, in Hungary, recorded in 1950. The study of these two fairy tales is at the same time a general look at the characteristics of the fairy tale as a genre, in rules, its aesthetic and stylistic features, the functions and the actors (based on the morphology of Prop), the highlighting of the local elements and the recognition of the fairy-tale...
Topics: Anthropology, Tales, Narrative, Folklore, Narrative structure
Archive (Athens)
by Dimoglidis Vasileios, Ph.D. Student, University of Cincinnati
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Ο Ίων του Ευριπίδη είναι ένα άγνωστο και αμφιλεγόμενο έργο. Η χρονολόγησή του είναι αβέβαιη και ο Lesky το χρονολογεί μεταξύ του 414 και του 413 ΠΚΕ. Άγνωστα είναι και τα άλλα τρία έργα της τετραλογίας, με τα οποία ο Ευριπίδης συμμετείχε στον δραματικό διαγωνισμό, όπως και οι...
Topics: Dramatic Art, Theater Studies, Euripides, Ion, Models of Emotion Reaction, Tragic Heroine
Archive (Athens)
by Monti Aikaterini, Pediatrician, National Health Service Director, Writer
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How attractive would be Paradise, without the promise of relief from pain, physical or mental, in contrast to the grim threat of hell, which threatens eternal pain? Pain is the unpleasant feeling that arises in the case of harmful stimuli from the environment or from our own body and it is obvious that in principle it is a valuable "signal" that positively guides our behavior. Avoiding the unpleasant pain we avoid damage.
Topics: Biomedicine, Pain Threshold, Stress, Neurophysiology
Archive (Athens)
by Monti Aikaterini, Pediatrician, National Health Service director, Writer
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Baron Munchausen is known to many as the hero of a book by Gottfried August Bürger, which describes the hero's incredible narratives about war and not only his adventures, which are literally unbelievable! He is thought to be a real-life German army officer in the 18th century who was indeed a great liar. In 1951, 150 years after his death, Dr. Richard Asher, for the first time in an article in the Lancet, referred to a pathological psychosomatic condition and defined it as "Munchausen...
Topics: Biomedicine, Munchausen Syndrome
Archive (Athens)
by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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The philosophical systems of Stoicism and Epicureanism were two of the dominant exponents of philosophical thought during the Hellenistic period. Although they continued, to some extent, the previous philosophical tradition in seeking answers to questions about the structure and knowledge of reality, they nevertheless turned to a more anthropocentric approach, proposing a way of life that can lead to happiness, giving practical direction in their philosophy. The topic presented in this essay is...
Topics: Philosophy, Stoicism, Epicureanism.
Archive (Athens)
by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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The theory of ideas introduced by Plato is a turning point in the history of philosophy. At the same time, it is a reference point for the whole subsequent philosophical search. One of the aspects of this theory will be the axis on which we will move in the present study. Specifically, we will be concerned with the existence of ideas, on the one hand, as a cognitive precondition for the knowledge of perceptible things and, on the other, as an ontological precondition for their existence. We...
Topics: Philosophy, Plato, Ideas
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by Lagoudaki Eleni, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University
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During sixteenth till eighteenth century various dynasties imposed absolute monarchy on the great European states, making royal power stronger than ever. Of course, the concept of the state had not yet taken the form it has in modern times. States, these new political structures, often had no territorial continuity, as their borders were often changed and treated by their kings as family feuds.
Topics: History, Monarchy, Early European States, Despotism, Feudalism
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by Evaggelia Galanou, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University
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Since the proclamation of Athens as the capital of Athens and the first spatial plans of Kleanthis-Schaubert and even Klenze, Omonia Square has been an important place of cultural, social and economic meeting. Throughout its history, the square has become the subject of constant redesigns that changed it -even its name- sometimes upgrading and sometimes degrading it aesthetically. Omonia Square has been associated with the work of the sculptors of the Muses, with the work of important...
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Topics: Klenze, Schaubert, Ziller, Zongolopoulos, Varotsos, Urban planning, Neo-classicism, Modern Art,...
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by Dimoglidis Vasileios, Ph.D. Student, University of Cincinnati
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The aim of this paper is to present the evolutionary course of Phaedra’s erotic passion for her stepson, Hippolytus, in Euripides’ homonymous tragedy. Simultaneously, another point that will be discussed is the formation of passion by other dramatic persons, particularly the Nurse and Hippolytus. This paper was presented, in an early version, at the Second Annual Classics Conference held by the Association of Graduate Students and PhD Candidates of Philology Department at the University of...
Topics: Theatrical Studies, Euripides, Hippolytus
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by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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About two thousand years ago, a revolution took place at sea as important as the agricultural revolution on land, seven thousand years earlier. A new type of ship appeared in the Eastern Mediterranean. Purely invented by the peoples of the Aegean, the ship was light, capable of sailing and paddling, and most importantly, had a keel, i.e. immersion in water, resistance to waves and wind and greater stability. This particular Aegean hull, the ancestor of all Mediterranean boats, boldly going out...
Topics: Archaeology, Eastern Mediterranean, Bronze Age
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by Aggeliki Kallianou, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University; Giannis Michalitsis, MBA, Panteion University; Mafredas Thomas, Dr. University of West Attica; Briasoulis Konstantinos, Interdepartmental Postgraduate Program, National and Kapodistrian University, University of Patra, University of the Aegean; Golomazou Theodora, MA in Adult Education, Hellenic Open University; Ioannidou Anna, MA in Law, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
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Μιχαλίτσης, Γ. (2021). Η σχέση μεταξύ αμφιδέξιας συμπεριφοράς, αντιλήψεων για την οργανωσιακή πολιτική και εργασιακών αποτελεσμάτων, Archive, 17(2) σσ. 6-33.  Μαφρέδας, Θ. (2021), Μανουήλ ο Κορίνθιος: Μέγας Ρήτωρ και Λογοθέτης της Μεγάλης του Χριστού Εκκλησίας, Archive, 17(2), σσ. 34-42. ...
Topics: Religion, Archaeology,Education, History, Politics, Biography, Archaeology, Education, Theatrical...
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by Athanasopoulos Panagiotis, Archaeologist, University of Thessaly
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Problems posed by Homeric geography, and especially the wanderings of Odysseus, had excited scholars and historians since antiquity. Starting from the journeys described in the Odyssey, two main contexts of research were developed. On the first context belong those who argued that the places Odysseus visited could be identified with specific points on the map (either in the Mediterranean basin or across the Straits of Gibraltar in the Atlantic Ocean). On the second context belong researchers...
Topics: Archaeology, Odysseus, Homeric Geography
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Αim of this paper is to highlight and record the political manifestations of the Great Idea, as they are presented in 19th century Greece. The Great Idea is a diverse concept, proportional to the field in which it is expressed during this period, which makes it partly problematic for historical research. The emergence of this idea in the collective consciousness of the young Greek nation is not spontaneous or momentary, but seems to come as a result of the emergence of the phenomenon of...
Topics: History, Ethnicism, Great Idea, Conscious Nationalist Movements, Consious Nationalist Movements
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The purpose of this paper is to present the constitutional framework for the protection of the individual right to property during the revolutionary period, where the effort is being made to organize and form the Greek state according to the bourgeois liberal European model. Property in the period under study, due to its great social and economic importance, is placed at the center of political upheavals, both at national and European level.
Topics: Law Individual Right to Property, Greek Revolutionary Constitutions
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by Siouli-Kataki Zoe, Dr. University of Peloponnese
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Writer’s ideology permeates the entire web of his literary works, giving them occasionally a different meaning. Political ideology is scattered in the works of G. Seferis, where deciphering of meanings is at least ambiguous. The same happens with Y. Ritsos with his careful transfer of personal experience to the public space. In the mid-1940s a new literary generation sprang up, especially polyphonic and multi-faceted. This generation, accepting the experiences of the war, especially the...
Topics: Literature, G. Seferis, Y. Ritsos, D. Xatzis, A. Kotzias
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History not only captures the great moments of humanity, but also monitors man in his long course and records his ideas and small daily needs and practices. And it is precisely through the historical testimonies, but also through the rituals, that the researchers seek evidence to reconstruct the image of man and to highlight the special features, achievements and events of each people and each historical period. In this research context we will comprehensively bring to life the forms of...
Topics: Anthropology, Ritual, Music, Dance, Speech
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by Tsopanis Konstantinos, Dr. University of Bucarest
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Sacred is one of the most basic and unchanging components of human religiosity. It is the mysterium tremendum in front of which a man stands and which marks the presence of the divine in the world and is imbued with the power of the metaphysical. In other words, it is a revealing point of divinity.
Topics: Religion, Sacred, Mysterium Tremendum, Divine Revelation
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by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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Descartes is no unfairly considered «father of neoteric philosophy», as his work has been a deep section in the history of philosophical thought. In this essay we will examine the confrontation of Descartes as it concerns “method of knowledge” and we will analyze his argumentation in the Meditations on the First Philosophy. Then we will attempt a concise comparison on Descartes’, Locke’s and Hume’s method, in regard to the degree of certainty of knowledge of sensible world.
Topics: Philosophy, Epistemology, Rene Descartes, Meditations on the First Philosophy
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by Monti Aikaterini, Pediatrician, National Health Service Director, Writer
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Human body, like any large organism, has and develops defense mechanisms against “foreign invaders”, whether they are microorganisms or cells or substances that are generally recognized as hostile-harmful. The molecules that are recognized as hostile and cause the immune-response are called antigens and each microorganism has many of them, mainly proteins. However, the defense of our body and the reduction of the infection is supported and achieved through the immune response against not...
Topics: Biomedicine, Vaccines, Immune Responce, Antigens
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by Emmanouilidou Eleutheria, Pediatrician, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
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Puberty constitutes one interval in individual’s life of enormous social, biological, psychological and intellectual change. The confrontation of chronic disease adds one more dimension in the life of adolescents. Because of the important progress on medicine more and more adolescents -concerning the past- live productive lives, despite the fact that they experience a serious illness.
Topics: Biomedicine, Chronic Disease, Adolescence
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by Filippopoulos Michalis, Cultural Studies, Hellenic Open University
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From an entire millennium of the Byzantine Empire, in this essay we will focus on two important centuries, 11th and 12th. What will mainly concern us is the Byzantine society in relation to the “others”, that is minorities and groups of people of foreign origin and religion. This essay is divided into two main parts. In the first we will describe the ways and means through which the inhabitants of the Byzantine Empire came in contact with the groups of individuals mentioned above. These...
Topics: Byzantine Studies, Byzantine Empire
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by Dascalopoulou Sofia, Prof. Emerita, University of the Aegean
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[Les] Anoyia de Mylopotamos est un village de la préfecture de Réthymnon et chef-lieu de la municipalité homonyme (dème) d’Anoyia. La bourgade est située sur le versant nord de Psiloritis (Mont Ida), sur la crête appelée Armi, à une altitude de 700 à 790 mètres. Il est à 52 km de Réthymnon et à 36 km d’Héraklion. Le village, avec une population de 2.454 habitants, se divise en 5 districts – Synoikismos, Metohi, Mesohoria, Aï Yioryis (saint Georges), Aï Yiannis ou Kavalaria...
Topics: Anoyia, Familles Lineaires, L' espace socio-culturel
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by Athanasopoulos Panagiotis, Archaeologist, University of Thessaly
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Depictions of Negroes and Pygmies occupy a special place in ancient Greek pottery and iconography. The artistic value and stylistic peculiarities of these vessels go hand in hand, in almost every case, with a disposition of a sociological and anthropological approach to the subject. Their entry into the ancient Greek world aroused the interest of artists and was the trigger and the means for Greek art to take a direction that would serve the specific political needs of ancient Greek society...
Topics: Archaeology, Ancient Geek Pottery, Negroes, Pygmies
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by Psyllidis Achilleas, Architect, National Technical University of Athens
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There is a need for an alternative approach to urban and architectural design, which may be based on a broader ecological concept. Urban reconstruction that stems from sustainable design and focuses on bioclimatic design issues can bring quality to urban neighborhoods. In recent years, there has been a broader emphasis on better communication between buildings and outdoor spaces, in order that urban patterns could be created, with new social needs for a different future. Obvious reasons for...
Topics: Architecture, Sustainable Design, Ecology, Social Justice
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by Mafredas Thomas, Dr. University of West Attica
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In this essay, an attempt is made to interpret the iconographic type of St. Christopher, in the form of a dog, as well as to investigate the causes of the creation of this iconographic type, based on its various biographical data, as reported by various authors. Essentially, an attempt is made to find the iconographic model of this iconography, while at the same time a theological approach is given to the iconography of the saint in the form of a dog. It is a hagiological, iconographic and...
Topics: Byzantine Studies, Byzantine Art, Theology
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Identifying key features of specific literary genres of the Hellenistic period –epigram, novel, and biography- we will focus on specific passages, in order to research for features of poetry in the Hellenistic epigrams. Then, exploring a scene in the novel Ta kata Leukippēn kai Kleitophōnta, (The Adventures of Leucippe and Clitophon) we will highlight the elements that reflect the relationship of the individual with the wider social changes of his time. Finally, we will show the principles...
Topics: Literature, Epigram, Novel, Biography, Hellenistic Period
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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In this short essay research is focusing on recognition of naturalistic elements in the short story of K. Theotokis “Pistoma”, and the inclusion of the poems “Thaleros” and “Prayer” in the thematic circles of A. Sikelianos’s poetry. Also the investigation of the relationship of the poems “Return”, and “Optimism” within the thematic circle of Karyotakis’s poetry. A concise approach is also attempted to the problematic ethics in relation to literary criticism and...
Topics: Literature, Konstantinos Theotokis, Angelos Sikelianos, Kostas Karyotakis
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by Mastoraki Androniki, Msc in Systematic Philosophy, National and Kapodistrian University
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Paleolithic is characterized by unstable climatic conditions and the consecutive existence of nomadic hunters-gatherers. On the contrary, Neolithic era in Helladic - Aegean area it is characterized by stabilization of climatic conditions, a fact that favored the organization of settlements of permanent character, with economy supported by systematic agricultural exploitation, livestock-farming, exchange of raw materials and products, and the production of  ceramics. During Bronze Age take...
Topics: Archaeology, Paleolithic Settlement, Neolithic Settlement, Bronze Age City
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by Dascalopoulou Sofia, Prof. Emerita, University of the Aegean; Vernicos Nicolas, Prof. Emeritus, University of the Aegean
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Dry stone structures have been a tool for the control and humanization of space since prehistory. The stone was used as well as fire to shape and utilize the natural environment of humans. The space that has been shaped by dry stone constructions becomes a place where the special relations between the societies and their natural environment develop, where the people intervene and create micro-environments and microclimates. These relationships acquire meaning within a “culture”, or many...
Topics: Anthropology, Dry-Stone, Environment, Micro-Climate
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by Emmanouilidou Eleutheria, Pediatrician, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
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In recent decades, with the progress made in the treatment of acute and infectious diseases, there has been a significant shift in the interest of physicians and pediatricians in the particular problems of chronic diseases. With the increase in the life expectancy of adolescents with chronic diseases, a need arose to improve the quality of life of an increasing number of these individuals.
Topics: Biomedicine, Adolescents with Special Needs, Sexual development
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by Vernicos Nicolas, Prof. Emeritus, University of the Aegean; Dascalopouloy Sofia, Prof. Emerita, University of the Aegean; Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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The Municipality of Soligeia, in which the specific syrvey took place, includes the former communities of Sofiko, Korfos and Angelokastro. The seat of the Municipality is Sofiko, 30 km SE of Corinth. Ancient Solygia is the area where one of the fiercest battles of the Peloponnesian War took place in 425 BCE. Historians identify Solygia with the ancient Municipality of Petra, the birthplace of the "Kypselides".
Topics: Archaeology, Dry-Stone, Sofico Castle, Ancient Solygia, Survey
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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Περιεχόμενα Δασκαλοπούλου, Σ. 2020, Γαμηλιότητα: Οι προτιμήσεις και οι κανόνες, 6-38. Καλογερόπουλος, Κ. 2020, Η θρησκεία και η λατρεία στο αρχαιολογικό πλαίσιο, 39-45. Ιωαννίδου, Α. 2020, O ρόλος του διεθνούς δικαστηρίου της Χάγης στη διεθνή κοινότητα, 46-54. Γκολομάζου, Θ. 2020, Αφομοιωτικό...
Topics: Anthropology, Archaeology, Law, Education, Architecture
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by Kalogeropoulos Konstantinos, Dr. University of the Aegean
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In his work On War, Karl von Klausewitz reveals the essence of war as the exercise of the power of war to achieve political goals. He describes it as a method of achieving the aspirations of a nation, unrestricted by any law other than that which leads to the completion of the purpose. The “survival of the fittest” -a concept that does not necessarily coincide with that of the “most appropriate”- as Huxley has shown, is not only a biological but also a social idea and allows us in part...
Topics: History, Politics, On War, Herodotus, Thoucydides, Isocrates, Demosthenes