The present study was a causal-comparative study with the aim of determining the difference between irrational beliefs and emotional self-efficacy of drivers with risky behaviors and ordinary drivers in Tehran. The statistical population of this study was all internally taxi drivers driving in district 12 of Tehran municipality in 2017. Among them, 200 drivers were selected using random cluster sampling method and responded questionnaires of irrational beliefs, Manchester driving habits and emotional self-efficacy. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics (frequency, central indexes and dispersion) and inferential statistics (analysis of variance). The results showed significant differences between irrational beliefs and emotional self-efficacy of drivers with risky behaviors and ordinary drivers in Tehran (P <0.01). It was concluded that the amount of irrational beliefs factors in drivers with high-risk behaviors were more than those of normal drivers and the amount of emotional self-efficacy factors in drivers with high-risk behaviors were less than those of normal drivers. The results of this study showed that irrational beliefs, more and emotional self-efficacy, less, are one of the factors influencing of driving risk behaviors outbreak.