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Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine

Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine (Iberoam J Med) (ISSN: 2695-5075) is a peer-reviewed open-access international journal without any submission and publication fees. Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine publishes interesting original research conducted in all fields of medicine, interesting case reports and clinical images, reviews, editorials, letters, comments and letters to the Editor including reports on publication and research ethics. Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine encourages and enables a...



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Introduction : Recent studies have shown that the intestinal microbiota can modulate certain systemic metabolic and immune responses, including liver graft function and the development of complications in patients after liver transplantation (LT). Akkermansia muciniphila (AKM) and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii (FAEP) are two of the most abundant gut commensal bacteria, with mucosa-protective and anti-inflammatory effects that are important for maintaining normal intestinal homeostasis and gut...
Topics: Akkermansia muciniphila, Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, Gut microbiota, Liver transplantation,...
During December 2019, a rapid increase in the number of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) cases was reported worldwide. We investigated several factors for rapid increase in SARS-COV-2. Genomic sequence reveals that domestic and wild animals were likely ancestors and zoonotic source for SARS-CoVs, MERS-CoVs, and SARS-CoV-2; these viruses replicated in animals and humans during past several decades, exhibiting diverse mutations and self-limiting diseases except during outbreaks. SARS-CoV-2 has been...
Topics: SARS-CoV-2, RT-PCR, Antibody, Zoonotic, Animal transmission, Genomics, Asymptomatic fraction, Herd...
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Introduction : Recent advances in nanotechnology have introduced new therapeutic materials for periodontal therapy. Previous studies showed that nanoparticles of silver provide high antibacterial activity. Taking this in consideration, it can be used in nonsurgical periodontal therapy. The present study focuses on efficacy of subgingival local drug delivery of silver nanoparticles in comparison with tetracycline in chronic periodontitis. Methods : To understand the effect of silver...
Topics: Silver nanoparticles, Periodontitis, Chronic periodontitis
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Topics: Pseudo prune belly syndrome, Abdominal wall laxity, Female
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The relationship between the intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) and intracranial pressure (ICP) has been suspected for more than 100 years and was subsequently confirmed by numerous studies in both animals and humans which demonstrate the link and the positive correlation between IAP and ICP. There are mounting concerns that the pneumoperitoneum created during laparoscopic surgery to create space for instrument placement and to allow safe tissue dissection may result in an increase in the ICP...
Topics: Laparoscopy, Surgery, Ventriculoperitoneal shunts, Safety
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Introduction : This experimental study gauged the value of argyrophilic nucleolar organizer region (AgNOR) staining as a possible technique for the estimation of cell kinetics in conventional histology sections, in benign and malignant breast lesions. Methods : With a silver staining technique and immunohistochemistry, we associated the numbers of AgNORs and Ki67 scores in 30 breast carcinomas and 10 benign breast lesions. Results : The mean values of Ag NORs silver stain dots count for normal,...
Topics: Breast cancer, AgNORs, Ki67, Benign, Malignant
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Introduction : This study was conducted to assess the traditional beliefs and practices in postpartum care among Indonesian and Filipino mothers to propose a program to improve maternal and child health. Methods : The study utilized a descriptive research design to Indonesian mother respondents (n=110) and Filipino mother-respondents (n=119) who were conveniently selected. Traditional beliefs focused on technological factors, religious and philosophical factors, kinship and social factors,...
Topics: Traditional, Culture, Postnatal care, Cultural diversity, Indonesia, Philippines
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Introduction : Laboratory examinations constitute a major factor in achieving the correct clinical diagnosis for patients. However, the ordering of unnecessary or inappropriate laboratory testing remains common, with consequent consumption of laboratory resources whether human or material. The present work evaluated the level of satisfaction of laboratory practitioners toward the appropriateness of laboratory tests ordered by physicians. Methods : This cross-sectional study involved a total of...
Topics: Inappropriate laboratory testing, Clinical laboratory professionals, Physicians
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Recently, an upsurge in the incidence of several emerging infectious diseases is causing great challenges to the health professionals throughout the globe. Since early 2020, an outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), now a pandemic, is hitting the world severely. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), causative agent of COVID-19, gain entry through the respiratory systems (nasopharyngeal) route causing infection. This disease is reported from all continents...
Topics: Coronavirus, COVID-19, Emerging infectious disease, Public health, RT-PCR, SARS-CoV-2
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Introduction : The relationship between inflammation and cancer has long been the focus of researchers' interest. There are many inflammatory markers studied for this purpose in the literature. In this context, we focused on the effects of platelet counts and platelet mass index (PMI) as inflammatory markers in the diagnosis of low-volume localized testicular cancer. Materials and methods : Thirty-eight patients with localized testicular cancer with a mean age of 30.84 ± 5.79 years and 38...
Topics: PMI, Testicular tumours, Biomarkers
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Introduction : Oral and dental (OD) disorders in children with Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS) are frequent but not well-known by dentists and pediatricians due to the syndrome being extremely rare. Objective : To describe the OD findings observed in a 5-year-old girl with RTS and to update the literature. Clinical case : The patient presented the following OD manifestations: prominent lower lip, narrow mouth opening, narrow and arched palate, history of angular cheilitis, micrognathia, poor...
Topics: Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome, Odontostomatology disorders, Pediatric dentistry, Disabled persons,...
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Topics: Hemangioma, Infant, Child, Adolescent, Adrenergic Beta-antagonists
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After spillover from Wuhan (China) in December, 2019, SARS-CoV-2 related respiratory disease (COVID-19) has rapidly affected all countries. The pandemic has posed a serious threat to world health resources. At present, there is no recommended treatment or vaccine for SARS-CoV-2. However, various drug combinations are under trial. Reversion to general principles of prevention is the preferred strategy under such circumstances. We discuss the importance of wearing a face mask and present a...
Topics: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, Face mask, Pandemic, Protection
Persistent urogenital sinus (PUGS) is an uncommon developmental cloacal anomaly, with Incidence of 0.6 in 10000 female births. Herein we depict the case of a 22-year of age lady who presented with Infertility for 16 months with dyspareunia and was found to have Persistent urogenital sinus associated with other urogenital anomalies as unilateral rudimentary horn with ipsilateral renal agenesis and contralateral dermoid cyst. The patient was successfully treated with the excision of the sinus,...
Topics: Urogenital sinus, Renal agenesis, Rudimentary horn
Introduction : SARS-CoV-2 continues to raise health and socio-economical concerns globally. The recent discovery of the B.1.1.529 (Omicron) variant with its critical mutations has heightened the debate about the need for a better global vaccination rollout to prevent the emergence of new SARS-CoV-2 strains. Optimizing vaccine rollout in Africa is crucial for the management of the pandemic and preventing the rise of new strains. To better direct efforts and interventions it is important to know...
Topics: SARS-CoV-2, Africa, COVID-19, Vaccine, Immunology, New strains, International relations
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Introduction : Although infective endocarditis (IE) is rare disease, this disease has importance due to its high morbidity and mortality rates. The exact incidence is not known as it is not a reportable disease. Unlike developed countries, the disease affects the young more than the elderly in developing countries. Most of the time, the diagnosis cannot be made at the first examination and the disease is often overlooked. In order to reduce the mortality and morbidity of this disease, it is...
Topics: Infective endocarditis, Bibliometric analysis, Scopus database
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Introduction : Pressure ulcers (PU) are a major health problem, causing increased health costs as well as workload of health workers. In this study, we aimed to analyze the developments in PUs and to add perspective to future studies by examining the research articles published on PUs, which is an increasing health problem worldwide. Material and methods : Bibliometric analysis method was used in this study. The data was obtained by searching the Elsevier Scopus database with using the keywords...
Topics: Pressure ulcers, Bibliometric method, Scopus database
Introduction : Urinary tract infections (UTI) are one of the most common human bacterial infections encountered by physicians. The risk of resistant microbes is emerging as a result of the overuse of antibiotics treatments. The presence of pathogens with increased resistance to antimicrobial agents makes UTIs difficult to treat. This study was aimed at determining the prevalence of the pathogens that cause UTIs, as well as the antibiotic susceptibility of these isolates. Materials and methods :...
Topics: Antibiotic resistance pattern, Urinary tract infection, Urine culture
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Introduction : Urinary Tract infection (UTI) is considered as the most common infections disease among women. UTI may lead to a serious complication in both kidneys. In this study, we tried to determine whether the alternation in platelet count during UTI is related to specific Gram-type of bacteria causing the infection. This assists the medical staff in selection of suitable antimicrobial drug. Material and Methods : Data of all urine cultures from Gynecology Department/ Albaraa...
Topics: Urinary tract infection, Women, Platelet count, Bacteria, Gram-type
Introduction : Respiratory tract infections have been known to be a significant health concern for mortality and morbidity since many years. This study was aimed at determining the prevalence of bacterial pathogen causing upper respiratory tract (URTIs) and the susceptibility patterns to frequently used antibiotics among patients attending Abusetta hospital in Tripoli district. Methods : A total of 1,110 throat swabs were collected between Jan, 2011 to December, 2014 and inoculated onto Blood...
Topics: Respiratory tract infections, Antibiotics, Sensitivity, Resistance, Bacteria
Antibiotic resistance is a significant issue for the medical community, worldwide. Many bacteria develop drug resistance by utilizing multidrug resistant or MDR efflux pumps that can export antibiotics from bacterial cells. Antibiotics are expelled from bacteria by efflux pumps a part of the resistance nodulation division (RND) family. Types of RND efflux pumps include the AcrAB-TolC tripartite protein pump. There are an excessive number of antibiotic compounds that have been discovered;...
Topics: Efflux pump, Antibiotic resistance, Bacterial metabolic pathways
Introduction : Biomechanical stimulation of cultured human osteoblast-like cells, which is based on controlled mechanical vibration, has been previously indicated, but the exact mechanical parameters that are effective for cells' proliferation enhancement are still elusive due to the lack of direct data recordings from the stimulated cells in culture. Therefore, we developed a low friction tunable system that enables recording of a narrow range of mechanical parameters, above the infrasonic...
Topics: Osteoblast, Mechanical stimulation, Vibration, Mechanotransduction
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NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) is considered as one of the most significant enzyme in cellular defense due to its ability to detoxify reactive quinones and quinone imines to their less toxic hydroquinones forms. NQO1 is a xenobiotic metabolizing cytosolic enzyme that catalyzes the reduction of two- or four-electron of numerous exogenous and endogenous quinones by utilizing flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) as a cofactor. NQO1 enzyme exists as a homodimer enzyme and is biochemically...
Topics: Gene expression, NQO1, Keap1, ARE
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Worm infestation issue is a common health condition observed mostly in Asian countries. The prevalence of worms in children is higher due to the habit of playing in mud or outdoors which is not found in the case of an infant. Very rarely worm infestation is observed in infants. There is a need for an investigation to be carried out for live worms in the stool. Sometimes the change in the diet of the infant, irregular bowel movements, and worm-like things in stool makes an alarming situation. We...
Topics: Worm, Infant, Banana fibers, Stool
The COVID-19 pandemic and the limited therapeutic arsenal available strain daily clinical practice. Guidelines have recently recommended routine anticoagulation of hospitalized COVID-19 patients. However, apart from the expert panels’ experience, the provenance of this recommendation is not clear, due to the scarce published evidence. We provide a narrative review with the objective of unraveling the rationale for this practice. First, we analyze the biochemical, histopathological and...
Topics: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, Thrombosis, Anticoagulation
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Aluminum phosphide (ALP) is a highly toxic compound most commonly available as Celphos in Nepal. Suicidal ingestion is common in developing countries like Nepal as it is easily available and has a high mortality rate. Farmers to protect crops from rodents and pests use it. Here we present a case of a 24-year-old female with suicidal ingestion of one and a half-tablet of ALP presented with abdominal pain and vomiting. The patient developed metabolic acidosis, hyperkalemia, acute respiratory...
Topics: Aluminum phosphide, Suicidal ingestion, Metabolic acidosis, Acute respiratory distress, Magnesium...
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Topics: Blood pressure, Atherothrombotic syndrome, Circadian rhythm
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Introduction : Coronavirus disease 2019 is the recent most devastating global outbreak that influenced humanity in the new millennium since decades from the last devastating pandemic. Despite being of low mortality rates - if compared with the previous epidemics in human history - the progressively spreading epidemic does not impact health and life but also has changed man's lifestyle, economy, politics and many other undisputed admitted daily routines. Methods : The present case provides...
Topics: CoVID-19, Pandemic, Polynomial regression, PHEIC
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Introduction : Aspirin has justifiably been called the first miracle drug. In this article, we highlight the history of Aspirin, a novel mechanism of action, and its use in cardiovascular and other diseases. Also included is a brief statement of emerging new applications. Objective : We highlight principal mechanisms by which Aspirin inhibits acute inflammation and alters platelet-biology; therefore, hypothesized that Aspirin might prove highly beneficial as a novel therapeutic drug for...
Topics: Aspirin, COVID-19, Systemic inflammatory response, Cytokine storm, Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory...
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Topics: Carcinoma stomach, Hemorrhoids, Cholelithiasis
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Topics: Coronavirus, COVID-19, Pandemic
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We report a case of a 25-year-old male with a long history of watering from both the eyes. Complete ocular examination of the patient was carried out under slit lamp. Out of four, three punctums were found absent in our patient. Our case highlights a rare case of epiphora from both the eyes.
Topics: Punctum, Agenesis, Watering
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Streptococcus agalactiae  ( S. agalactiae ) is a microorganism that asymptomatically colonizes the female genital and gastrointestinal tracts of humans. It produces infections in extreme ages of life and in pregnant women. The case of an adult male is presented, with frequent heterosexual intercourse with different partners. He consulted for itching and burning in the penis' glans. His partner had marked vaginal dryness as a result of early ovarian failure. The patient had ulcerative,...
Topics: Streptococcus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Genitalia male, Penile diseases, Reproductive tract...
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Introduction : World Health Organization declared COVID-19 as a pandemic, and like any global health crisis at its beginning, need a commitment to take the necessary precautions due to its spread among people before and during the presence of vaccine or drug. This study aims to assess public opinion and practice of Libyan community in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and methods : A cross-sectional online study was conducted among Libyans between Sep. 15th, and Oct. 29th, 2020...
Topics: Awareness, Coronavirus, COVID-19, Libyan people, Practice
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Introduction : Medicinal plants have been the most productive source of leads for the development of drugs from ancient times. Current research in drug discovery involves a multifaceted approach combining botanical, biological, and molecular techniques. Medicinal plant based drug discovery continues to provide novel and important leads against several diseases. Methods : Relevant articles relating to the concept were identified using a combination of manual library search as well as journal...
Topics: Medicinal plants, Coronavirus, Diseases, Health, Traditional medicine
Introduction : Public health security is concerned with infection prevention and control worldwide. These measures are the concern of all and sundry to ensure prevention of any outbreaks of diseases that has epidemic potential. Africa may be uniquely positioned to have the most severe and under-detected outcomes related to COVID-19 infection. This article seeks to highlight such challenges of healthcare delivery systems in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic in sub-Saharan Africa. The...
Topics: COVID-19, Preparedness, SARS-CoV-2, Resource-Constrained Settings, HealthCare Systems, Sub-Saharian...
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World Health Organization (WHO) is gathering the latest scientific findings and knowledge on coronavirus disease (SARS-CoV-2) and compiling it in a database. WHO update the database daily from searches of bibliographic databases, hand searches of the table of contents of relevant journals, and the addition of other relevant scientific articles that come to our attention. The entries in the database may not be exhaustive and new research will be added regularly. Nobel coronavirus investigators,...
Topics: SARS-CoV-2, Coronavirus, Antivirals
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Simulation-Based Learning is considered the best alternative teaching and assessment tool that able to make the change in education, training, improving the quality and assessing the performance of the medical students. It helps students for acquiring many skills such as professionalism, communication, self-evaluation, time management, and teamwork. In addition, the use of simulation in medical education is based on many noble goals and ethical rules; it provides the best standards for patient...
Topics: Simulation, Obstacles, Challenges, Medical Education
Background : In cases of respiratory failure, Lung-Protective Ventilation Strategy (LPVS) which limits ventilator-induced lung injury is recommended. However, CO2 retention is a major impediment for LPVS and Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) supplies enough time to the lungs for rest and recovery. We aimed to find out the connection between ECMO usage and the reduction of mechanical ventilatory values in patients who required ECMO therapy after cardiac surgery due to pulmonary failure....
Topics: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, Lung-protective ventilation strategy, Cardiovascular surgery
Introduction : Postoperative blood loss after prostate surgery is thought to be associated with an increase in urinary fibrinolytic activity. We investigated the effects of the local dilution of fibrinolytic agents with manual irrigation on postoperative bleeding after the transurethral resection of the prostate (TUR-P). Materials and methods : Between April 2017 and April 2021, 128 patients were prospectively randomised into two equal groups. Monopolar TUR-P was applied to all patients for...
Topics: Transurethral prostatectomy, Postoperative bleeding, Irrigation
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Topics: Evidence-Based practice, Scientific studies, Medicine, Physycal therapy, Allied health
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A severe pandemic of CoronaVirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), according to World Health Organization (WHO), appeared in China in December 2019, and spread rapidly. The majority of the patients had mild symptoms and good prognosis after recovery; however some patients developed severe inflammatory reaction and passed away from multiple organ complications. The novel coronavirus, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a beta-coronavirus and is similar with the Severe Acute...
Topics: Infection, Coronavirus, COVID-19, Immune system
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Introduction : There is a dearth of knowledge on the proportion that occult thyroid carcinoma constitutes amongst patients with thyroid cancer in our practice. This study was therefore conducted to review the cases of occult thyroid carcinoma with a focus on the presentation, management, and the outcome of care in a low resource tertiary hospital setting. Materials and Methods : We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study of 62 patients who were managed for thyroid cancer...
Topics: Occult thyroid carcinoma, Papillary carcinoma, Thyroidectomy
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Introduction : Psychological stress is a common psychiatric disorder in medical students and sometimes is associated with depression. Students at university usually met a great pressure that they face in their study life and to the hard circumstances in the everyday life. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of depression and stress among university medical students in Libya. Materials and methods : Data was collected by three different questionnaires: the first questionnaire is...
Topics: Anxiety, Depression, Libya, Medical students, Screening, Stress
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Topics: SARS-CoV-2, Diagnosis, Hygiene
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Introduction : Inadequate exclusive breastfeeding is responsible for more than 236,000 child deaths each year and significantly increases the risk of death in infancy and childhood. While the COVID-19 Pandemic continues, this should not be a barrier for breastfeeding mothers to breastfeed their babies. This study aims to analyze the factors related to exclusive breastfeeding during the COVID-19 pandemic in the working area of the Poasia Health Center, Kendari City. Methods : This...
Topics: Exclusive breastfeeding, Parity, Family support, Helath worker support
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Topics: Skin diseases, Hyperpigmentation, Asymptomatic hyperpigmented macules, Acquired macular...
Introduction : Spinal cord injury results in disability, limited participation in physical activities, and mental health problems which greatly affects the quality of life of the injured person. Engaging in physical activity is necessary for optimal recovery in individuals with spinal cord injury. Chronic spinal cord injury patients suffer from many secondary complications which become a challenge for the patient and the health care community to manage due to which recovery will be complex and...
Topics: Physical activity, Spinal cord injury, Depression
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The introduction of the drug-eluting (DES) stent to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) had a significant impact on patient management of coronary artery disease and has been called the “third revolution” in interventional cardiology after the first 2 revolutions of balloon angioplasty and bare-metal stents. The promise of adaptive remodeling, restoration of vasomotion, late luminal enlargement, and retained potential for future coronary artery bypass grafting at the site of previous...
Topics: Bioresorbable scaffolds, Angioplasty, Coronary stents
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Topics: Oncology, Clinical Oncology, Advances
Introduction : Despite the increased survival rates follow up studies of preterm born children have documented increased prevalence of neurodevelopmental disabilities and cognitive deficits. By using psychiatric assessment, we aimed to evaluate cognitive functions by comparing preterm born babies according to the week of gestation by comparing the scores of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised Form (WISC-R) in childhood. Material and methods : Children with a history of birth as...
Topics: Preterm, Cognitive functions, WISC-R Scores
Introduction : Obesity is a gradually more important multifactorial disease in both children and adults. Obese children and adolescents are at higher risk of becoming obese in adulthood, which is associated with an increased risk of mortality and morbidity. There is subclinical systemic inflammation in obesity. The study aimed to evaluate the hematological parameters as an indicator of inflammation in obese adolescents and to show the relationship of monocyte/HDL-cholesterol ratio, having a...
Topics: NLR, PLR, MLR, Monocyte/HDL-colesterol, Obesity, Adolescent
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Topics: Proton pump inhibitors, Prescription, Inadequate
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Introduction : With the increase of COVID-19 cases, an unusual manifestation for this type of virus began to appear anosmia and dysgeusia, which could indicate a neurologic alteration. In this context, it seems likely that subclinical manifestations of baroreflex involvement occur. The vegetative nervous system carries out the regulation of the baroreflex through the balance between sympathetic and parasympathetic activity. The objective of this study is to verify whether patients with COVID-19...
Topics: Dysautonomia, COVID-19, Heart rate variability
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Stress cardiomyopathy also called Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is characterized by transient regional systolic dysfunction of the left ventricle with electrocardiographic changes and an increase in troponin levels imitating myocardial infarction, but in the absence of angiographic evidence of obstructive coronary artery disease. Although the exact causal process has not been determined, it has been mentioned in connection with thyroid diseases. We describe a woman's case that experienced severe...
Topics: Hyperthiroidism, Cardiomiopathy, Takotsubo syndrome, Graves’ disease, Thyroid diseases
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Background : Cancer is one of the most devastating diseases that influence humanity in the modern era. The effect is not confined to morbidity and mortality, but it is also extended to social and economic consequences despite the advancements made in the medical and healthcare fields. The present case overview will focus on the overall long-term assessment of death rates from malignancy from 1960 to 2017 as part of a global study of the mortality trend of this disease.  Methods : Statistical...
Topics: Cancer, Mortality ratio, SPC, USA, WHO
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Topics: Pharmacy, Medicine, Health Care
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Change is a learning process modeling the attitudes and values of the involved staff to adapt and show the change in daily work life. Leading the change in medical schools or in the health care system is considered one of the assignments of successful leadership that can achieve an effective organizational change under complex conditions. This review aims to show an implementation view about how to manage the change in medical institutions and how to overcome obstacles, and how to face the...
Topics: Change, Management, Implementation, Medical institutions
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Introduction : Low back pain appears in approximately two thirds of the population at some point in life and when it exceeds more than 12 weeks, it evolves to chronic low back pain. Chronic low back pain is considered one of the most common causes of disability and absence from work. A therapeutic technique that can be used as a treatment for chronic low back pain is neural mobilization, capable of restoring compromised neurological structures, restoring movement by improving the elasticity of...
Topics: Backache, Nervous tissue, Physiotherapy, Manual therapy
Introduction : Healthcare professionals (HCPs) play a key role in the prevention of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI). This study aims to determine the compliance of healthcare personnel with urethral catheterisation standards and the factors affecting it. Materials and Methods : This study is a prospective survey and was conducted between February and March 2021 after ethical approval and patient consent. An internet-based, structured 39-item questionnaire was sent via email...
Topics: Urinary tract infection, Catheter, Health personnel, Knowledge, Prevention
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Introduction : Plasmids carry and transport genes that assist their hosts to survive in many environments. Many studies have examined the conditions for plasmid persistence in bacterial populations. A limitation includes that a majority of the mathematical models for examining plasmid persistence only included bacteria from similar colonies. However, most bacterial cells inhabit complex communities where plasmids disseminate between varied bacterial host cells. Thus, there is a gap in knowledge...
Topics: Plasmid carriage, Plasmid persistence, Biofilm, Conjugation, HGT
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Introduction : Aromatic plants produce diverse chemical constituents with potential to inhibit viral infections. These plants have been utilized for the prevention and treatment of a range of infectious and non-infectious diseases. Essential oils are among the plant-derived antiviral agents that are being employed in phytomedicine, and are considered as prospective drug candidate against the ravaging Coronavirus. Methods : Relevant articles relating to the concept were identified using a...
Topics: Coronavirus, Medicinal plants, Essential oil, Aromatherapy, Antiviral
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Cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) infections have been rising around the world. Many microorganisms can lead to this disease. Corynebacterium species are catalase-positive Gram-positive bacilli, also known as "diphtheroids" or "coryneform" bacteria, were once almost universally dismissed as contamination when recovered from patients, but they are now increasingly being linked to serious infections and have the ability to form biofilms and rarely cause CIED...
Topics: Corynebacterium, Endocarditis, Cardiac implantable electronic device
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Topics: Polycystic liver disease, Autosomal dominant polycystic liver disease, Liver cysts
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Hypoxemia is defined as the decrease in arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) below 80 mmHg. One of the ways to alleviate this condition is through oxygen therapy, which consists of administering oxygen at a concentration higher than atmospheric. This therapy is indicated in various pathologies and is aimed to treat hypoxemia and reduce the patient's myocardial demand and respiratory effort. Classically, this treatment has been carried out using low-flow systems, in which the inspiratory...
Topics: Respiratory insufficiency, Oxygen therapy, High flow oxygen therapy
Introduction : Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is one of the uncommon cardiovascular disorders with a clinical spectrum ranging from asymptomatic cases to myocardial infarction. Atherosclerosis plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of CAE. Recently, it has been determined that the atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) is a strong predictive marker for atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is a relationship between obstructive CAE and AIP in patients with non-ST...
Topics: Atherogenic index of plasma, Angiography, Coronary artery ectasia, Myocardial infarction
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
by Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Introduction : Amyand’s hernia is an extremely rare and atypical hernia that is difficult to diagnose clinically characterized by the herniation of the appendix into the inguinal sac. The aim of this report is to describe a case of Amyand’s hernia and highlights the importance of early CT scanning in reaching the exact and early diagnosis of Amyand’s hernia. Case report : We present a rare case of a 69-year-old female patient with a history of intermittent pain in the right inguinal...
Topics: Amyand’s hernia, Inguinal hernia, Appendix, Hernia sac, CT, Appendectomy
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Central precocious puberty (CPP) is a rare disease. The mean annual incidence in girls is 0.8-1.1/100,000 and in boys 0-0.1/100,000. Intracranial arachnoid cysts (ICACs) are usually congenital and represent 1% of intracranial masses in newborns. Intraventricular location is rare. The objective of this work is to carry out a literature updated review of the coexistence of CPP and intraventricular arachnoid cyst (IVAC). ICACs are usually asymptomatic but can present with CPP in 10-40% of...
Topics: Central precocious puberty, Intraventricular arachnoid cyst, Children, Rare diseases, GnRH test,...
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Introduction : In our previous studies it was concluded that the zinc (Zn) level in in human expressed prostatic fluid (EPF) is a first candidate with the role of offering a new, simple, fast, reliable, and non-invasive diagnostic tool for prostate cancer (PCa) screening. However it was unclear how other non-prostatic diseases inherent of the old persons, including heart diseases, atherosclerosis, diabetes, asymptomatic cancer of different localization and some others, impact on a chemical...
Topics: Prostate cancer, Bladder cancer, Expressed prostatic fluid, Zinc, Energy-dispersive X-ray...
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
by Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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The present world has observed the SARS-CoV2 or COVID-19 spreading rapidly with a rising death toll and transmission rates with an absence of proper data management and information sharing. The current traditional database storage system has the limitations of a centralized control system and tampering of data, particularly when it is being shared with others. The Novel technology known as “Blockchain” is a distributed ledger technology that acts as a shared database, keeping all its copies...
Topics: COVID-19, Blockchain, Pandemic, Novel coronavirus, Database, Epidemic
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
by Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Topics: Alzheimer, Cognition, Delirium
Introduction : In mechanically ventilated patients, ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a major cause of prolonged hospitalization with increased morbidity and mortality. There is a lack of studies on the relationship between bacterial colonization of the ventilator circuit (VC) and VAP. This study aimed to investigate the role of bacterial colonization of VC in the development of VAP and identify antibiotic susceptibility trends for isolated strains. Methods : A prospective study of the...
Topics: Ventilator circuit, Bacterial colonization, Antibiotic resistance, Intensive care unit
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
by Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Topics: Telemedicine, COVID-19, Children, Pediatrics, Neurology
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
by Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Topics: Left-sided gallbladder, Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Anatomy
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Introduction : Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder that induces elevated plasma glucose levels. Diabetic patients are more susceptible to infections, especially fungal infections. There is a direct relationship between increased blood glucose levels and the number of Candida hyphae in the oral mucosa. This study aimed to evaluate oral candidiasis and the different Candida species found in patients with and without diabetes mellitus. Methods : A search for studies on oral...
Topics: Blood glucose, Oral candidiasis, Diabetes mellitus, Risk factors