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Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine

Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine (Iberoam J Med) (ISSN: 2695-5075) is a peer-reviewed open-access international journal without any submission and publication fees. Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine publishes interesting original research conducted in all fields of medicine, interesting case reports and clinical images, reviews, editorials, letters, comments and letters to the Editor including reports on publication and research ethics. Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine encourages and enables a...



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Introduction : Obesity is a gradually more important multifactorial disease in both children and adults. Obese children and adolescents are at higher risk of becoming obese in adulthood, which is associated with an increased risk of mortality and morbidity. There is subclinical systemic inflammation in obesity. The study aimed to evaluate the hematological parameters as an indicator of inflammation in obese adolescents and to show the relationship of monocyte/HDL-cholesterol ratio, having a...
Topics: NLR, PLR, MLR, Monocyte/HDL-colesterol, Obesity, Adolescent
Introduction : Liver cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in the world, and patients with liver cancer are often in the middle and late stages of cancer when they are diagnosed. Copper death is a newly discovered new cell death method. It is a copper-dependent and regulated cell death method. At the same time, Long noncoding RNAs (LncRNAs) also play an important regulatory role in the pathological process of tumors such as liver cancer. Materials and methods : First, the expression...
Topics: CuProtosis, Immunotherapy, Bioinformatics, LncRNA, Hepatocellular carcinoma
Introduction : Quality of life is a set of situations that contribute to people's well-being. In pregnant women, it is necessary to explore the emotional, social and physical aspects. Few studies in the Latin American population explore the quality of life of pregnant women. The objective was to establish the frequency of deterioration of the physical, psychological, social and environmental quality of life and to identify the associated factors in pregnant women residing in cities of the...
Topics: Quality of life, Pregnancy, Women health, Mental health, Prenatal care, Obstetrics, Maternal health
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Topics: Adherence, Medication, Treatment, Outcome, Myocardial infarction
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Cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) infections have been rising around the world. Many microorganisms can lead to this disease. Corynebacterium species are catalase-positive Gram-positive bacilli, also known as "diphtheroids" or "coryneform" bacteria, were once almost universally dismissed as contamination when recovered from patients, but they are now increasingly being linked to serious infections and have the ability to form biofilms and rarely cause CIED...
Topics: Corynebacterium, Endocarditis, Cardiac implantable electronic device
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Introduction : This study was conducted to assess the traditional beliefs and practices in postpartum care among Indonesian and Filipino mothers to propose a program to improve maternal and child health. Methods : The study utilized a descriptive research design to Indonesian mother respondents (n=110) and Filipino mother-respondents (n=119) who were conveniently selected. Traditional beliefs focused on technological factors, religious and philosophical factors, kinship and social factors,...
Topics: Traditional, Culture, Postnatal care, Cultural diversity, Indonesia, Philippines
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Introduction : Low levels of vitamin D have been linked to raised periodontal inflammation, a higher concentration of periodontopathogens, greater periodontal destruction, and more severe periodontitis. This study aimed to assess the influence of vitamin D and calcium levels on periodontitis. Material and methods : A search for studies on vitamin D, calcium, and periodontal disease was conducted in the following databases: PubMed (MEDLINE, Cochrane Library), Web of Science (WoS), and Scopus....
Topics: Calcium, Periodontitis, Risk, Vitamin D
Introduction : Successful medical decisions are highly reliant on medical laboratory results; as such, laboratory results are essential to patient health management, and errors in those results may lead to serious complications and death. The aim of the present study was to assess the knowledge of medical laboratory practitioners in Saudi Arabia regarding factors that may influence medical laboratory testing results and the correct actions for troubleshooting. Methods : A total of 256...
Topics: Knowledge, Attitudes, Medical laboratory professionals, Non-pathological factors
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Aluminum phosphide (ALP) is a highly toxic compound most commonly available as Celphos in Nepal. Suicidal ingestion is common in developing countries like Nepal as it is easily available and has a high mortality rate. Farmers to protect crops from rodents and pests use it. Here we present a case of a 24-year-old female with suicidal ingestion of one and a half-tablet of ALP presented with abdominal pain and vomiting. The patient developed metabolic acidosis, hyperkalemia, acute respiratory...
Topics: Aluminum phosphide, Suicidal ingestion, Metabolic acidosis, Acute respiratory distress, Magnesium...
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Topics: Pigmented lesions, Melanonychia, Dermoscopy, Nevus, Melanoma, Pediatric
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Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) is an inherited disorder that affects one in between 8,500 and 14,000 people and is characterized by a triad of clinical signs. These include micrognathia, glossoptosis and obstruction of the upper airway, typically associated with palatal cleft. PRS has also been associated with various ocular complications, including high congenital myopia, congenital glaucoma, and retinal detachment. Because of the clinical importance of PRS, it is critical to illustrate the...
Topics: Keratoconus, Pierre Robin syndrome, Cornea, Corneal topography
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Introduction : Dentin hypersensitivity (DH) is the most common concern faced by most dentists in their day-to-day clinical practice. It is characterized by short-term, acute pain of variable intensity, which occurs in response to thermal, tactile, osmotic or chemical stimuli that cannot be attributed to any other type of defect or dental decay. Casein phosphopeptide varnish is a newer material used to treat dentinal hypersensitivity as it reduces demineralization and promotes remineralization....
Topics: Casein phosphopeptide, Dentin hypersensitivity, Fluoride varnish, Visual analogue scale
Introduction : There are very few studies on the effects of regular blood transfusions on the hemodynamic organization of patients with Beta-Thalassemia Major (BTM). Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring is method that evaluates fluctuations in day-night periods and life cycle changes. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of blood transfusion on hemodynamic parameters by the Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring method on the day of transfusion in patients with a diagnosis of...
Topics: Non-dipper, Thalassemia, Transfusion, Blood pressure
Introduction : Spinal cord injury results in disability, limited participation in physical activities, and mental health problems which greatly affects the quality of life of the injured person. Engaging in physical activity is necessary for optimal recovery in individuals with spinal cord injury. Chronic spinal cord injury patients suffer from many secondary complications which become a challenge for the patient and the health care community to manage due to which recovery will be complex and...
Topics: Physical activity, Spinal cord injury, Depression
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ntroduction : The antimicrobial agents have saved human from several infectious disease. However, bacteria have capability to develop to become resistant to antibiotics and incorrect use of antibiotics is the main determinants of development of antimicrobial resistance which is a public health issue. Attention on medical students and community people should be emphasized by both education and promotion. Thus, this study was aimed to assess the present knowledge, attitude and behavior of Libyan...
Topics: Antibiotics, Bacteria, Community, Health education, Libya, Utilization, Students
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Introduction : Treatment approach in COVID-19 infection consists of antiviral, immunomodulatory, and supportive treatments. Convalescent plasma, immune plasma or hyperimmune plasma refers to the plasma that consisting of high titer polyclonal antibodies against the virus and are amidst the immunomodulatory treatments. Although it has been reported that immune plasma treatment of COVID-19 reduces hospital stay and mortality, the efficacy of immune plasma with COVID-19 infection is not clear yet....
Topics: COVID-19, Immune plasma, Intensivecare unit, Mortality
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Introduction : Allergic conjunctivitis is treated with oral anti-allergy agents or topical eye drops, but the response is often incomplete, and symptoms persist. We considered that topical treatment with an antihistamine ointment (diphenhydramine-Restamin Cream®) on the eyelids could be effective as supplemental therapy. This study investigates the efficacy and safety of Restamin Cream® for allergic conjunctivitis. Methods : In patients with allergic conjunctivitis, Restamin Cream® was...
Topics: Allergic, Conjunctivitis, Antihistamines, Asthma, Conjunctiva, Topical administration
Introduction : Biomechanical stimulation of cultured human osteoblast-like cells, which is based on controlled mechanical vibration, has been previously indicated, but the exact mechanical parameters that are effective for cells' proliferation enhancement are still elusive due to the lack of direct data recordings from the stimulated cells in culture. Therefore, we developed a low friction tunable system that enables recording of a narrow range of mechanical parameters, above the infrasonic...
Topics: Osteoblast, Mechanical stimulation, Vibration, Mechanotransduction
This case report presents a lipofibromatous hamartoma of the median nerve in a 31-year-old man who presents local deformity and a sensory deficit in the nerve territory. The tumor was evaluated with magnetic resonance, computed tomography, and plain film radiography, studying the pathognomonic findings of this tumor. The patient did not want surgical treatment because of prior surgical sequelae. A prior surgical biopsy was reported as a peripheral nerve with normal axonal fascicles surrounded...
Topics: Lipofibromatous hamartoma, Median nerve, Carpal tunnel, Magnetic resonance, Macrodactyly
The COVID-19 pandemic and the limited therapeutic arsenal available strain daily clinical practice. Guidelines have recently recommended routine anticoagulation of hospitalized COVID-19 patients. However, apart from the expert panels’ experience, the provenance of this recommendation is not clear, due to the scarce published evidence. We provide a narrative review with the objective of unraveling the rationale for this practice. First, we analyze the biochemical, histopathological and...
Topics: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, Thrombosis, Anticoagulation
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Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) is a rare neuromucocutaneous granulomatous disorder classically defined by the triad: fissured tongue (lingua plicata), recurrent orofacial edema, and relapsing facial paralysis. Association with other dysimmune disorders was reported suggesting an immunological origin to this syndrome. The association with autoimmune thyroiditis remains exceptional and unusual. We report the original case of an MRS associated with Hashimoto autoimmune thyroiditis in a...
Topics: Melkerson-Rosenthal syndrome, Autoimmune thyroiditis, Hashimoto thyroiditis, Lingua plicata
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Topics: Blood pressure, Atherothrombotic syndrome, Circadian rhythm
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NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) is considered as one of the most significant enzyme in cellular defense due to its ability to detoxify reactive quinones and quinone imines to their less toxic hydroquinones forms. NQO1 is a xenobiotic metabolizing cytosolic enzyme that catalyzes the reduction of two- or four-electron of numerous exogenous and endogenous quinones by utilizing flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) as a cofactor. NQO1 enzyme exists as a homodimer enzyme and is biochemically...
Topics: Gene expression, NQO1, Keap1, ARE
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Topics: Carcinoma stomach, Hemorrhoids, Cholelithiasis
Introduction : The hand harbors different species of bacteria that may play a role in the transmission of infectious diseases. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the bacterial profile of hands and assess the efficacy of the three most common methods of hand cleansing on the reduction of that bacteria. Materials and methods : Hand swaps were collected from 150 adults. The identity of bacteria was done by standard microbiological procedures. Each participant applied one of three...
Topics: Hand hygiene, Handwashing, Sanitizer, Hand wipes
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Topics: Coronavirus, COVID-19, Pandemic
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World Health Organization (WHO) is gathering the latest scientific findings and knowledge on coronavirus disease (SARS-CoV-2) and compiling it in a database. WHO update the database daily from searches of bibliographic databases, hand searches of the table of contents of relevant journals, and the addition of other relevant scientific articles that come to our attention. The entries in the database may not be exhaustive and new research will be added regularly. Nobel coronavirus investigators,...
Topics: SARS-CoV-2, Coronavirus, Antivirals
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Simulation-Based Learning is considered the best alternative teaching and assessment tool that able to make the change in education, training, improving the quality and assessing the performance of the medical students. It helps students for acquiring many skills such as professionalism, communication, self-evaluation, time management, and teamwork. In addition, the use of simulation in medical education is based on many noble goals and ethical rules; it provides the best standards for patient...
Topics: Simulation, Obstacles, Challenges, Medical Education
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Problem-based learning (PBL) is a cornerstone of modern medical education. Principles of PBL are the construction of knowledge, prior knowledge activation, organization of knowledge, elaboration of knowledge, stepwise transfer across contexts and cooperation with other learners. It provides the ability to identify the knowledge, generate and analyze hypotheses that lead to the differential diagnosis of the case according to the complaint of the patient by using history taking, physical exam,...
Topics: Problem-Based Learning, Obstacles, Challenges, Medical Education
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Streptococcus agalactiae  ( S. agalactiae ) is a microorganism that asymptomatically colonizes the female genital and gastrointestinal tracts of humans. It produces infections in extreme ages of life and in pregnant women. The case of an adult male is presented, with frequent heterosexual intercourse with different partners. He consulted for itching and burning in the penis' glans. His partner had marked vaginal dryness as a result of early ovarian failure. The patient had ulcerative,...
Topics: Streptococcus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Genitalia male, Penile diseases, Reproductive tract...
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In the 1960s, Jeff Watkins and colleagues discovered N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, and since then, it has been a pharmacodynamic target for many neurological and psychiatric drugs. NMDA is a glutamate receptor and ion channel protein located in nerve cells. There are many subunits for the NMDA receptor. They are all working together in a harmonic pattern to regulate the calcium permeability and the voltage-dependent sensitivity to magnesium influenced by the binding of glutamate as a...
Topics: Neuropathology, Psychiatry, Pharmacology
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Introduction : Psychological stress is a common psychiatric disorder in medical students and sometimes is associated with depression. Students at university usually met a great pressure that they face in their study life and to the hard circumstances in the everyday life. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of depression and stress among university medical students in Libya. Materials and methods : Data was collected by three different questionnaires: the first questionnaire is...
Topics: Anxiety, Depression, Libya, Medical students, Screening, Stress
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Introduction : There is a dearth of knowledge on the proportion that occult thyroid carcinoma constitutes amongst patients with thyroid cancer in our practice. This study was therefore conducted to review the cases of occult thyroid carcinoma with a focus on the presentation, management, and the outcome of care in a low resource tertiary hospital setting. Materials and Methods : We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study of 62 patients who were managed for thyroid cancer...
Topics: Occult thyroid carcinoma, Papillary carcinoma, Thyroidectomy
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Introduction : There is the obscurity of published data on surgical management of external abdominal wall hernias in our environment. This study was, therefore, to describe the pattern, outcome, and experience in the surgical management of anterior abdominal wall hernias in Shisong, Cameroon. Methods : This was a descriptive retrospective study conducted at St. Elizabeth Catholic General Hospital, Shisong. The various cases of abdominal wall hernias performed in the hospital during the study...
Topics: Herniotomy, Hernioplasty, Inguinal hernia, Incisional hernia, Ventral hernia, Spigelian hernia
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Topics: SARS-CoV-2, Diagnosis, Hygiene
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Introduction : Low back pain appears in approximately two thirds of the population at some point in life and when it exceeds more than 12 weeks, it evolves to chronic low back pain. Chronic low back pain is considered one of the most common causes of disability and absence from work. A therapeutic technique that can be used as a treatment for chronic low back pain is neural mobilization, capable of restoring compromised neurological structures, restoring movement by improving the elasticity of...
Topics: Backache, Nervous tissue, Physiotherapy, Manual therapy
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Bladder cancer is one of the most significant genitourinary cancer characterized by a high rate of recurrences, morbidity, and mortality in a large number of patients. Over the years, numerous therapeutic approaches have been developed. For more than 40 years, the most comprehensive method for the treatment of non-invasive and invasive bladder cancer has been the use of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), giving a successful effect in a high percentage of patients. However, due to the genetic...
Topics: Bacillus Calmette-Guérin, Bladder cancer, Checkpoint inhibitors, Immunotherapy urothelial carcinoma
Introduction : Healthcare professionals (HCPs) play a key role in the prevention of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI). This study aims to determine the compliance of healthcare personnel with urethral catheterisation standards and the factors affecting it. Materials and Methods : This study is a prospective survey and was conducted between February and March 2021 after ethical approval and patient consent. An internet-based, structured 39-item questionnaire was sent via email...
Topics: Urinary tract infection, Catheter, Health personnel, Knowledge, Prevention
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Change is a learning process modeling the attitudes and values of the involved staff to adapt and show the change in daily work life. Leading the change in medical schools or in the health care system is considered one of the assignments of successful leadership that can achieve an effective organizational change under complex conditions. This review aims to show an implementation view about how to manage the change in medical institutions and how to overcome obstacles, and how to face the...
Topics: Change, Management, Implementation, Medical institutions
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Introduction : Pressure ulcers (PU) are a major health problem, causing increased health costs as well as workload of health workers. In this study, we aimed to analyze the developments in PUs and to add perspective to future studies by examining the research articles published on PUs, which is an increasing health problem worldwide. Material and methods : Bibliometric analysis method was used in this study. The data was obtained by searching the Elsevier Scopus database with using the keywords...
Topics: Pressure ulcers, Bibliometric method, Scopus database
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Assessment in medical education usually gives the evidence that learning was carried out and the learning objectives were achieved. The assessment program is a measurement tool to evaluate the progress in knowledge, skills, behaviors, and the attitude of students. So, the planning for an effective assessment program should be based on instructional objectives, instructional activities, and efficient assessment methods. Thus, a well-designed assessment procedure should be characterized by...
Topics: Assessment, Methods, Medical Education
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Acetaminophen (APAP) is a widely used drug in our environment with few adverse effects. Because of this, several patients affected by APAP hepatotoxicity unknown that the APAP dose-intake was excessive. This damage is mainly produced via one of APAP metabolites: N-acetyl-para-benzo-quinone imine (NAPQI), which is very toxic. The drug’s ingested doses as well as the length of time from APAP ingestion to N-acetylcysteine (NAC) therapy are the most essential determining factors in both the...
Topics: Acetaminophen toxicity, Hepatotoxicity, APAP, Paracetamol, Acute liver failure
The incidence of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) ranges from 2-15 cases/1,000 inhabitants/year, being higher in those over 65 or in patients with comorbidities. In Emergency Room (ER) it represents up to 1.35% of the care. Approximately 75% of all diagnosed CAPs are treated in ER. The CAP represents the origin of the majority of septic sepsis and shock diagnosed in ER, the leading cause of death and admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) for infectious disease. A global mortality of...
Topics: Pneumonia, Emergency Room, Treatment, Diagnosis
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Background : Cancer is one of the most devastating diseases that influence humanity in the modern era. The effect is not confined to morbidity and mortality, but it is also extended to social and economic consequences despite the advancements made in the medical and healthcare fields. The present case overview will focus on the overall long-term assessment of death rates from malignancy from 1960 to 2017 as part of a global study of the mortality trend of this disease.  Methods : Statistical...
Topics: Cancer, Mortality ratio, SPC, USA, WHO
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Hypoxemia is defined as the decrease in arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) below 80 mmHg. One of the ways to alleviate this condition is through oxygen therapy, which consists of administering oxygen at a concentration higher than atmospheric. This therapy is indicated in various pathologies and is aimed to treat hypoxemia and reduce the patient's myocardial demand and respiratory effort. Classically, this treatment has been carried out using low-flow systems, in which the inspiratory...
Topics: Respiratory insufficiency, Oxygen therapy, High flow oxygen therapy
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Central precocious puberty (CPP) is a rare disease. The mean annual incidence in girls is 0.8-1.1/100,000 and in boys 0-0.1/100,000. Intracranial arachnoid cysts (ICACs) are usually congenital and represent 1% of intracranial masses in newborns. Intraventricular location is rare. The objective of this work is to carry out a literature updated review of the coexistence of CPP and intraventricular arachnoid cyst (IVAC). ICACs are usually asymptomatic but can present with CPP in 10-40% of...
Topics: Central precocious puberty, Intraventricular arachnoid cyst, Children, Rare diseases, GnRH test,...
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The present world has observed the SARS-CoV2 or COVID-19 spreading rapidly with a rising death toll and transmission rates with an absence of proper data management and information sharing. The current traditional database storage system has the limitations of a centralized control system and tampering of data, particularly when it is being shared with others. The Novel technology known as “Blockchain” is a distributed ledger technology that acts as a shared database, keeping all its copies...
Topics: COVID-19, Blockchain, Pandemic, Novel coronavirus, Database, Epidemic
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Introduction : Amyand’s hernia is an extremely rare and atypical hernia that is difficult to diagnose clinically characterized by the herniation of the appendix into the inguinal sac. The aim of this report is to describe a case of Amyand’s hernia and highlights the importance of early CT scanning in reaching the exact and early diagnosis of Amyand’s hernia. Case report : We present a rare case of a 69-year-old female patient with a history of intermittent pain in the right inguinal...
Topics: Amyand’s hernia, Inguinal hernia, Appendix, Hernia sac, CT, Appendectomy
Introduction : Respiratory tract infections have been known to be a significant health concern for mortality and morbidity since many years. This study was aimed at determining the prevalence of bacterial pathogen causing upper respiratory tract (URTIs) and the susceptibility patterns to frequently used antibiotics among patients attending Abusetta hospital in Tripoli district. Methods : A total of 1,110 throat swabs were collected between Jan, 2011 to December, 2014 and inoculated onto Blood...
Topics: Respiratory tract infections, Antibiotics, Sensitivity, Resistance, Bacteria
Background : In recent years, due to the inappropriate use of antibiotics, drug resistance has increased in gram negative bacilli, including Klebsiella pneumoniae. Drug resistance is associated with an increase in mortality and therapeutic costs. Therefore, determination of an antibiotic resistance pattern for choosing the appropriate treatment for infections caused by this bacterium seems necessary. This study was conducted to determine the antibiotic resistance pattern of Klebsiella...
Topics: Klebsiella, Resistance, Antibiotic
Introduction : Early, high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) increases survival rates in cardiac arrest. Although most cases occur at home and are witnessed, CPR is performed in few of these cases. For this reason, teaching CPR is especially important in relatives of patients with high cardiovascular risk. Therefore, the aim of this study was to demonstrate the effectiveness of the Family and Friends CPR course in the theoretical and practical learning of cardiopulmonary resuscitation...
Topics: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Cardiac arrest, Learning, Relatives, Cardiovascular diseases
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Topics: Myasthenia gravis, Thymoma, Ptosis
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Topics: Left-sided gallbladder, Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Anatomy
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Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare but life-threatening condition defined by left ventricular dysfunction and heart failure (HF), occurring in late pregnancy or, more commonly, the early postpartum period. In African American women, women with pre-eclampsia, advanced maternal age, and numerous gestation pregnancies, there is a greater incidence. Although the pathophysiology of PPCM is still undetermined, the importance of vasculo-hormonal pathways has been suggested in research over the...
Topics: Cardiomiopathy, Heart failure, Pre-eclampsia, Pregnancy
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Introduction : Corona Virus Infectious Disease (COVID-19) is the infectious disease. The COVID-19 disease came to earth in early 2019. It is expanding exponentially throughout the world and affected an enormous number of human beings starting from the last month. The World Health Organization (WHO) on March 11, 2020 declared COVID-19 was characterized as “Pandemic”. This paper proposed approach for confirmation of COVID-19 cases after the diagnosis of doctors. The objective of this study...
Topics: Machine learning, LSTM, GRU, RNN, COVID-19
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The outbreak of novel Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has emerged as a global pandemic and a public health crisis. COVID-19 is the clinical manifestation of infection with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). Although it is predominantly a respiratory illness, there is growing awareness of the cardiovascular manifestations of COVID-19 disease. Patients with pre-existing cardiovascular co-morbidities appear to be at highest risk for mortality from this disease along...
Topics: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, Myocarditis, Heart failure, Arrhythmia
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Topics: Stakeholder analysis, Engagement, Pharmacovigilance, Policy, Patients
Introduction : Chronic low back pain (cLBP) is associated with a dynamic interaction of multiple psychological factors that act as predictors of recovery time. Our goal was to quantify the association between pain intensity and psychological variables. Material and methods : A cross-sectional study using convenience sampling was conducted at Universidad Europea de Canarias (Spain) between January 24, 2022 and June 10, 2022. In addition, adults and children with cLBP older than 13 years with...
Topics: Chronic low back pain, Psychological factors, Quality of life
Introduction : The use of tele-rehabilitation devices to aid physiotherapy has gained popularity in recent years. In particular, measuring limb range of motion with a wearable mobile sensor can facilitate rehabilitation therapies by providing more efficient progress monitoring and reducing clinicians’ workload. This study aimed to examine the test-retest reliability and validity of using a wearable mobile sensor to measure upper limb range of motion (ROM). Materials and methods : Participants...
Topics: Range of motion, Upper limb, Accelerometer, Goniometer
Introduction : Geriatric syndromes are associated with morbidity and poor quality of life (QOL). Urinary incontinence (UI) is one of the most prevalent geriatric syndromes. However, there is little research on the association of UI and UI-related QOL with other geriatric syndromes. The aim of this exploratory study were to examine the effect and coexistence of geriatric syndromes, admission type and surgical severity on UI-related QoL in patients hospitalized in the urology clinic. Materials...
Topics: Urinary incontinence, Geriatric syndrome, Quality of life, Urology
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A diverticulum is a limited saccular protrusion of the esophageal wall, communicating with its lumen. Anatomically, esophageal diverticula are classified into pharyngoesophageal, median, and epiphrenic. Treatment of esophageal diverticula is based on several basic pathophysiological principles. Small and asymptomatic diverticula do not require specific treatment. Large and symptomatic diverticula require surgical intervention, consisting of diverticulectomy combined with myotomy. Operations for...
Topics: Epiphrenic diverticula, Lewis operation, Eventration
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Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) or hereditary retinal dystrophy is a rare disease that can be isolated (non-syndromic RP) or associated with other systemic signs (syndromic RP). Kidney damage is exceptionally reported in patients with RP, particularly in syndromic forms. Association with renal amyloidosis remains unusual with only one reported case of RP and hereditary gelsolin amyloidosis due to a G654A gelsolin mutation defining the new syndrome of Ardalan-Shoja-Kiuru. Apart from this publication,...
Topics: Retinitis pigmentosa, Light chain amyloidosis, AL amyloidosis, Primary amyloidosis
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Introduction : Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is spreading rapidly around the world caused serious respiratory disease leading to death, therefore vaccine is the effective way to control this pandemic. Scientists tried to produce safe and effective SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in record time and vaccination program started in December 2020. The aim of this study to determine the impact of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine on COVID-19 disease. Materials and methods : The COVID-19 cases...
Topics: Full vaccine, Total vaccine, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, mRNA vaccine, Vector vaccine, Inactivated virus...
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
by Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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The Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) is considered a gold standard summative and formative assessment method wherein it is a comprehensive and standardized tool assessing the clinical competencies including psychomotor domain, attitudes, and behaviors that will be manifested in the real work of the medical graduates. Therefore, the implementation of OSCE depends on the design of a blueprint that consists of two axes; the first axis is the tested competencies according to the...
Topics: Objective structured clinical examination, Educational assessment, Medical education, Clinical...
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
by Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Introduction : Coronavirus disease 2019 is the recent most devastating global outbreak that influenced humanity in the new millennium since decades from the last devastating pandemic. Despite being of low mortality rates - if compared with the previous epidemics in human history - the progressively spreading epidemic does not impact health and life but also has changed man's lifestyle, economy, politics and many other undisputed admitted daily routines. Methods : The present case provides...
Topics: CoVID-19, Pandemic, Polynomial regression, PHEIC
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
by Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Vesiculobullous lesions can be developed by less than 5% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Among these lesions, bullous systemic lupus erythematosus (BSLE) is one of the rarest and most challenging cutaneous presentations of the disease. Its frequency in the largest series of 5149 patients with cutaneous lupus was 0.19%, and the majority of cases are reported as sporadic observation or small series not exceeding ten cases. We report the original observation of BSLE revealing...
Topics: Bullous systemic lupus erythematosus, Cutaneous lupus, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Skin
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
by Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Worm infestation issue is a common health condition observed mostly in Asian countries. The prevalence of worms in children is higher due to the habit of playing in mud or outdoors which is not found in the case of an infant. Very rarely worm infestation is observed in infants. There is a need for an investigation to be carried out for live worms in the stool. Sometimes the change in the diet of the infant, irregular bowel movements, and worm-like things in stool makes an alarming situation. We...
Topics: Worm, Infant, Banana fibers, Stool
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
by Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Introduction : Face masks use among Cameroonians is a new behavior. Many citizens have adopted face masks as a step to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Individuals might use face masks because of their profession, risk perception, and social status. This study aims at evaluating the relation between occupation and face masks use in COVID-19 setting in Cameroon. Our study hypothesizes that face masks use is not associated with occupation in Cameroon. Methods : A survey was conducted from May 13...
Topics: Face masks, Coronavirus, Cameroon, COVID-19, Occupation, Behavior, Health professionals
Persistent urogenital sinus (PUGS) is an uncommon developmental cloacal anomaly, with Incidence of 0.6 in 10000 female births. Herein we depict the case of a 22-year of age lady who presented with Infertility for 16 months with dyspareunia and was found to have Persistent urogenital sinus associated with other urogenital anomalies as unilateral rudimentary horn with ipsilateral renal agenesis and contralateral dermoid cyst. The patient was successfully treated with the excision of the sinus,...
Topics: Urogenital sinus, Renal agenesis, Rudimentary horn
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
by Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Introduction : Amyand’s hernia is an extremely rare and atypical hernia that is difficult to diagnose clinically characterized by the herniation of the appendix into the inguinal sac. The aim of this report is to describe a case of Amyand’s hernia and highlights the importance of early CT scanning in reaching the exact and early diagnosis of Amyand’s hernia. Case report : We present a rare case of a 69-year-old female patient with a history of intermittent pain in the right inguinal...
Topics: Amyand’s hernia, Inguinal hernia, Appendix, Hernia sac, CT, Appendectomy
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Topics: Hemangioma, Infant, Child, Adolescent, Adrenergic Beta-antagonists
Editorial
Topics: Emergency, Primary Care, Medicine
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Introduction : Recent advances in nanotechnology have introduced new therapeutic materials for periodontal therapy. Previous studies showed that nanoparticles of silver provide high antibacterial activity. Taking this in consideration, it can be used in nonsurgical periodontal therapy. The present study focuses on efficacy of subgingival local drug delivery of silver nanoparticles in comparison with tetracycline in chronic periodontitis. Methods : To understand the effect of silver...
Topics: Silver nanoparticles, Periodontitis, Chronic periodontitis
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
by Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Introduction : Aspirin has justifiably been called the first miracle drug. In this article, we highlight the history of Aspirin, a novel mechanism of action, and its use in cardiovascular and other diseases. Also included is a brief statement of emerging new applications. Objective : We highlight principal mechanisms by which Aspirin inhibits acute inflammation and alters platelet-biology; therefore, hypothesized that Aspirin might prove highly beneficial as a novel therapeutic drug for...
Topics: Aspirin, COVID-19, Systemic inflammatory response, Cytokine storm, Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory...
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
by Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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After spillover from Wuhan (China) in December, 2019, SARS-CoV-2 related respiratory disease (COVID-19) has rapidly affected all countries. The pandemic has posed a serious threat to world health resources. At present, there is no recommended treatment or vaccine for SARS-CoV-2. However, various drug combinations are under trial. Reversion to general principles of prevention is the preferred strategy under such circumstances. We discuss the importance of wearing a face mask and present a...
Topics: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, Face mask, Pandemic, Protection