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International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science (IJAERS)

International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science (IJAERS)



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Food presents as a vital necessity, necessary for the conservation of life and well-being of individuals. This process is considered a basic requirement for health promotion, contributing to human growth and development with quality. Healthy food is one that keeps the body in a state of health, when it prioritizes adequate food, in quantities and quality, at the right times, and that contains varied nutrients to achieve satisfactory benefits for the health of the body and thus contribute to the...
Topics: Food Consumption, Nutritional Assessment, Nutritional Status, Schoolchildren, School Health.
Through this document, we have introduced the Android platform and its features, provided with a detailed description of the Android app framework from what developers will use and further develop. We have introduced a simple public transport application to show the basic applications and features of Android app items. Jaipur Bus Finder is a public transport application. It is an Android application to make the process of finding a local bus within the city of Jaipur, Rajasthan hassle-free, so...
Topics: Android, application, framework, operating system.
In this study, free radical scavenging activity, alpha tocopherol and total carotenoid contents of extracts of Mytilus galloprovincialis, Ruditapes philipinarum, Donax trunculus and Chamelea gallina bivalve species collected from Denizkent in the Marmara Sea are determined. As a result of the monthly samplings, the amount of alpha tocopherol is quite high in all species, whereas the total amount of carotenoids is highest in Donax trunculus (2435 µg/g), then in Mytilus galloprovincialis (2189.6...
Topics: Chamelea gallina, Donax trunculus, Mytilus galloprovincialis, Ruditapes philipinarum, Scavenging...
The offer of organic vegetables, such as leafy vegetables, is increasingly frequent in small community fairs, such as the one that takes place at the Municipal Organic Market in Petrolina-PE. Considering that the research points to losses in the process that involves the post-harvest and commercialization of in natura products, but need to be more frequent in interior cities, the present study aimed to verify the existence of losses in the commercialization of coriander (Coriandrum sativum),...
Topics: Fairs, Losses, Organic vegetables, Sale
According to the INCA National Cancer Institute, cancer is a term that encompasses more than 100 different types of malignancies that have in common the disordered growth of cells, which can invade adjacent tissues or distant organs. The evolution of cancer is directly correlated with preventive actions, which aim to prevent it from developing, encompassing actions to reduce the risks of having the disease. Cancer prevention encompasses actions taken to reduce the risks of having the disease....
Topics: Colorectal cancer, Prevention, Public policy, costs.
Fish is one of the healthiest food sources once it has proteins, vitamins, minerals and the omega-3 polyunsaturated lipids. Nevertheless, to be healthy, the protein in fish meat must not have contaminants further than allowed. This study aimed to investigate the preclinical toxicologic effects of consumption of fish meat from Cachoeira river (Joinville, Santa Catarina, Brazil). Groups of rats were divided and received for a month: standard ration, farmed fish meat and fish meat from Cachoeira...
Topics: diet, food and nutrition, sustainable development, environmental monitoring, fish, food safety,...
The present study aimed to characterize the nutritional status of children aged zero to five years in the Metropolitan Health Region I between the years 2016 to 2020. This is a descriptive quantitative study with secondary data from the National Food and Nutrition Surveillance System (SISVAN - WEB). The collection of these data was carried out from June to July 2021. The results showed high percentages of children with nutritional deficits, such as Low Weight for Age, Low Height for Age and Low...
Topics: Children, Nutrition, Nutrition Status, SISVAN.
This study aims to analyze the scientific evidence regarding the management of the Sepsis Protocol from an integrative literature review. This question guided a search in the electronic databases: SciELO, MEDLINE, LILACS and PubMed, all present in the Virtual Health Library and Web of Science. Ten publications were analyzed, from 2017 to 2021. Most of the results indicate that sepsis management is necessary to improve patient management, rapid identification of signs and symptoms and contribute...
Topics: Sepsis, Management, Hospital Infection.
Digital exclusion is a phenomenon which nearly impacts all sectors of society, causes inequalities, compromises civic engagement networks and that may lead to social exclusion. This work proposes a debate about the research conducted by Celestino & Valente (2022) on digital exclusion, and aims to identify its nuances within a time period of two decades (2000-2021), as well as its involvements in social, cultural and democratic issues. The phenomenon of digital exclusion has been researched...
Topics: Digital divide, digital exclusion, digital inclusion, network society
Purpose. The aim of this study was to assess the occurrence and type of complications with mandibular Kennedy Class I removable partial denture (RPD) over time. Materials and Methods. A total of 65 patients wearing mandibular free-end RPD and maxillary complete denture (CD) treated at the Department of Dentistry of Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN) were evaluated. The tests were conducted after 2, 6 and 12 months. Annual follow-up was also accomplished after the 12-month...
Topics: removable partial denture, partially edentulous arch, mandible, complications.
The objective of this article was to review the aspects related to the biomechanical variables that influence human gait and to understand how the ground reaction forces act during the process of ambulation. The research was made through Scopus and Google Scholar database and the key words used were: "gait", "children", "walk" and "ground reaction forces". Gait evaluation is used in many fieldsto make diagnoses, recommend interventions and monitor their...
Topics: biomechanics, childhood, force platform, kinetic, walking.
In a globalized world with information on environmental issues, it is observed an increasing number of researches focusing on issues related to soil and water pollution. In this context, the reuse of domestic waters (gray waters) for reuse in agriculture with ecological technology, appears as one of the alternatives to equate water demand and supply, especially in the caatinga biome of the semiarid northeast, characterized by low rainfall. Several techniques are being studied and...
Topics: Depollution, Phytoremediation, Reuse of Greywater, Wetlands.
Cross-cultural adaptation is a process that involves the transfer of knowledge between different cultures. Therefore, for a psychological instrument to be used in another country, for example, it is necessary to follow methodological rigors for an effective final model. In the field of oncology, research on the concept of dignity is incipient in most of the countries and one of the precursors of this concept was the Canadian psychiatrist, Harvey Chochinov. A model called the Dignity Model was...
Topics: Patient Dignity Inventory, Validation, Cross Cultural, Psychometric, Integrative Review.
The article aims to discuss conflicts and tensions in the Portuguese police system, from its historical process, from Monarchy to the Republic, from the New State to the present day. A structure and understandings they have about the police system are reflected in the Portuguese bibliography and in the perceptions of police officers who live with these pensions in their activities. In this investigation, information was collected from the GNR through ethnography and the application of...
Topics: Conflicts, ethnography, Portuguese Police System, Public Security Police, Republican National Guard
Failure patterns of mechanical components and materials can be observed by surface deformations. Preventive maintenance always minimizes the failure patterns and here is a method proposed which not only minimizes the failures but also analyses the life expectancy of such components and materials. Image processing using Matlab Tool Boxes is emerging as a perfect simulation platform and by writing simple codes one can see its effect which can be analyzed by ease. The paper proposes a robust image...
Topics: Light Interferometer, Non-Destructive Techniques, Optical NDT, Surface Deformation, SVD.
It has been observed that while living in harmony with nature on earth until the industrial revolution, with the industrial production and consumption society formed after the industrial revolution, humanity has started to dominate nature more and the damage caused to nature has increased. Economic growth, contrary to expectations, increasing inequality in the distribution of income, the impoverishment of the broad masses of the natural environment in the emergence of problems such as...
Topics: Sustainable development, natural resources, economic development, sustainability.
Hepatitis C is an inflammatory process caused by a virus of the genus Hepacivirus. It can be triggered acutely or chronically, the latter being predominant. Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) has a worldwide prevalence in about 1% of the population. Hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) has a diverse genetic variety, which makes its elimination difficult.The present work emerges as a need to understand the mechanisms of defense action against HCV in the human body. The study was based on a literature...
Topics: Genetic, Hepatitis C, Immune system.
Nowadays multilevel inverter (MLI) technologies becomes extremely main choice in the area of high power medium voltage energy control. Although multilevel inverter has a number of advantages it has drawbacks in the layer of higher levels because of using large number of semiconductor switches. This may leads to large size and price of the inverter is very high and also increase in losses. So in order to reduce this difficulties in the new multilevel inverter is proposed to reducing the...
Topics: ijaers, Cascaded Multilevel Inverter, Harmonic Distortion, MATLAB, semiconductor switches, THD
In today’s computer era, people used computers for communication purposes. Gesture is one of the most powerful and severe way of communication between computer and human. Gesture Recognition is one type of non-verbal Communication using fingers, palm, face, arms etc. There are multiple techniques for recognizing the gestures. This paper presents a hand gesture interface for executing the commands using dynamic time warping technique. But it is working on only two similar length sequences...
Topics: Accelerometer, Dynamic Time Warping, Gesture Recognition, Magic Ring Sensor, Zigbee
In many parts of Nigeria, large areas of lands are dominated by tree crop vegetations for timber production and for fruits with land users not knowing the fertility status of soils in these vegetations. Continual evaluation of soil properties of these tree vegetations has become pertinent for agricultural sustainability. This study therefore was carried out to evaluate the fertility levels of soils under selected tree vegetations at National Horticultural Research Institute Okigwe, Imo State,...
Topics: Agro-forestry, Nutrient depletion, plant nutrients, Soil fertility, tree vegetations
The objective of this paper works is to analyze the rainfall and runoff discharge of the Ojirami dam area, and effective modeling and simulation of hydraulic parameters in water distribution network and design of hydraulic structure (Reservoir water tank). The engineering tools used in this research work are EPANET PROGRAM, AUTOCAD, GOOGLE EARTH and GIS for portable pipe born-water supply, regarding to the relief of the inhabitants towards mitigation of risk from natural hazard, by protecting...
Topics: Reservoir, Catchment area, Spillway, Dam, Return period, Precipitation
Daedalea elegans is a Nigerian wild (non-edible) higher fungus with great potentials in the pharmaceutical, textile, cosmetics and food industry. This current study investigates the bioactive compounds that can be found in the acetone extract of D. elegans using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). There were twenty-eight compounds identified to be present in the acetone extract of the fungi under study and these are Benzoic acid (0.40%), Nonanoic acid (0.14%), Oxetane,...
Topics: acetone extract, Bioactive compounds, Daedalea elegans, GC-MS analysis.
This paper aims to analyze how the induction factors of the built environment from the revitalization works of Marquês do Paraná Avenue, in the central area of the municipality of Niteroi/RJ- Brazil. Moreover, their relations with the advances brought by the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (PMUS) released in 2019, which influenced the transformations of the mobility paradigm along the avenue and in its nearby neighborhoods, were also objects of evaluation. It was applied an analytical and...
Topic: Induction Factors. Built Environment. PMUS. Active Mobility. Marquês do Paraná Avenue.
This study aimed to obtain information needs (need assessment). The implementation of this study used the descriptive and experimental study to develop a learning model of Science Technology Society (STS) integrated with religious values that effective, practical, and valid to improve students' science process skill. The current research used the 4D Thiagarajan model. This study used a validation sheet instrument of learning models and teaching materials which included teacher and student...
Topics: Science Technology Society, PISA 2012, Mastery Learning
The aim of this analysis was to see whether the aqueous extract of the roots of Polygonum persicaria (PP) and its active principle, Tannic Acid (TA), had a hepatoprotective and antioxidant effect in rats provided Carbon tetrachloride (1.5 ml/kg, i.p). Twenty albino wistar rats were divided into five groups: control, CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity, hepatotoxicity with Polygonum persicaria and Tannic acid, and a normal group given 100 mg/kg silymarin. After 14 days, the rats were sacrificed....
Topics: Polygonum persicaria, Tannic acid, antioxidant, Hepatoprotective, Carbon tetrachloride, Anti...
The study aimed to verify the efficacy of expressive therapies (ET) in sleep disorders in hyperfrequent elderly (HE) of Primary Health Care (PHC). Quasi-experimental study, with 69 elderly people assisted at PHC in a metropolitan region of the Midwest, divided into two groups: intervention (elderly with high attendance) and control (low-frequency elderly). Sleep questionnaires were used: Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and...
Topics: Complementary therapies, Elderly, Motor Activity, Primary Health Care, Sleep.
As a result of increasing the use of the brushless direct current (BLDC) motor in many life applications instead of the traditional motors, it is important to list and specify the more for its controlling methods. This paper presents a number of speed and current controlling methods as hysteresis band, variable dc-link bus voltage and pulse width modulation (PWM) controlling methods. These controlling methods have proportional integral derivative (PID) gains which are optimized by using...
Topics: BLDC Motor Drive Model, FFT Analysis, Mathematical Representations, Matlab/Simulink, PSO Algorithm.
Foodborne Diseases are caused by the ingestion of food that is unsafe for consumption, occurring at any stage in the production chain or even in the preparation phase of the final product at the consumer's home. . A mussel marketing product in the State of Pará has an implementation and functioning to obtain this quality and insurance for public health. In order to identify the presence of Escherichia coli and coliforms for mussel mussels in natura in the Ver-o-Peso Belém do Pará market,...
Topics: current legislation, mussels, microbiological standards
The focus of this study is to experimentally determine the performance of latent heat thermal energy storage using shea butter as a phase change material (PCM) in a heat exchanger (shell and tube). This involved determination of the thermo-physical properties of the PCM, design of a suitable heat exchanger (shell and tube) to serve as the storage system where the shell (mild steel) will contain the PCM in direct contact with the tube (copper), construction of the system based on the designed...
Topics: Thermal Energy Storage System, phase change material, heat transfer fluid.
This study investigated the equilibrium adsorption mechanism and thermodynamics of Manganese (II) ion (Mn+2) present in wastewater onto the activated carbon produced from Lantana camara stem as a low cost adsorbent. The Lantana camara stem was carbonized at 300 ˚C for 2 h, ground and chemical-activated. The Chemical-Activated Lantana camara (CALC) stem carbon was characterized using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectrophotometry before and after...
Topics: Adsorption, Lantana camara, Manganese, Chemical Activation, Thermodynamic
Background: India is experiencing a rapid health transition and is projected to become a major reservoir of chronic diseases like Diabetes and Hypertension and 25 to 40% of these subjects may develop chronic kidney disease and end stage renal disease. Aim and objective of the study was to analyze utilization pattern of antihypertensive drugs in chronic kidney disease patients in a tertiary care hospital. Methods: The present observational cross-sectional study was conducted in Apollo hospitals,...
Topics: Drug Utilization Patterns, Hypertension, high blood pressure, Angiotensin receptor blockers.
Since they offer an opportunity to create value for shareholders, a company's capital structure decision is crucial for its existence and performance and, therefore, has been addressed by several studies in the finance area. However, there is no unanimous answer determining the most efficient capital structure for a given organization and there is a lack of evidence regarding the use of optimal structure models in the daily lives of companies. The methodology in this work is composed of four...
Topics: capital structure, debt, VaR, CVaR, value creation.
The ineffectiveness and slowness of national tax litigation, whether in the judicial or administrative field, is an irrefutable reality. There are several causes of this reality and it is natural that the scant presence of alternative methods of conflict resolution contributes to the perpetuation of this scenario. In this context, the theme under study is tax arbitration in Brazil, with a main cut in the feasibility of the use of arbitration in the resolution of tax disputes. The problem of...
Topics: Arbitration, Tax law, Legal Possibility.
Image Compression is usually carried out using discrete cosine transform (DCT) because compressed image using DCT will take less memory to store the image and quality of the image will be good compared JPEG and HEVC. But, in this work an attempt is made to achieve compression using Approximation DCT (ADCT). ADCT is useful for reducing its computational complexity without affecting its coding performance. It provides better image and video compression compared to the DCT. ADCT is orthogonal and...
Topics: approximation discrete cosine transform (ADCT), compression, discrete cosine transform DCT), high...
This article reviews the development of the three-dimensional theory of law and its impact on the Civil Code and case law, as a way to solve new problems claimed world around today, notably situations like the COVID-19 pandemic. Hence, the three-dimensional theory has apparently proved to be an excellent way to provide proper and fair guidance to solve new contractual issues.
Topics: Three-dimensional theory of law, Standard, Law Science, Brazilian Civil Code, Law Case.
Consumers rigorously assess the quality of fishing products, considering mainly freshness and appearance. The slaughter method is an important factor in relation to the freshness of the fish, because it maintains important organoleptic characteristics that will influence the marketing of these products, therefore, in this study an evaluation of the Rigor Index (RI%) of cobia was performed. The following methods were used: in desensitizing with eugenol and hypothermia. Immediately after the...
Topics: fish freshness, beijupirá, organoleptic, rigor mortis, slaughter.
In Cameroon, the recurrent and uncontrolled use of bush fires, causing damage to the ecosystem, and constitutes a worrying situation for protected area managers. . The Mbam et Djerem National Park (PNMD) is threatened by bush fires and particularly by uncontrolled late fires which compromise all of its biodiversity and the future of the park. Faced with this increasingly high occurrence of fires and the insufficiency of basic data, it becomes urgent to assess the impacts of fire on the woody...
Topics: Savannah, Impact, Bush fire, Remote sensing, Woody stratum
This study is outcome of performance of varieties of Aonla with intercropping of mustard in horti-agri system. Agroforestry models were established with Aonla var. NA- 6 (Amrit), NA- 7 (Neelam) and NA- 10 (Balwant) and Chakaiya in Randomized Block Design at 8 x 8 m with 11 treatments at Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Ballia. The soil at the site is alkaline in nature with 8.30 pH , medium Phosphorus , low nitrogen & potassium and low organic carbon. It was found that change in girth at breast height...
Topics: Aonla, agri-horti system, intercropping, mustard, growth performance.
Patients with cancer ot the digestive tract show changes in their nutritional status, leading them to various degrees of malnutrition. The assessment of nutritional status is essential to identify malnutrition and risks to it. Objective: To characterize the clinical, anthropometric and dietary profile of patients with digestive cancer admitted to a University Hospital in Belém, PA. Method: Descriptive, cross-sectional and prospective study, carried out at the João de Barros Barreto University...
Topics: Neoplasms, Nutritional status, Nutritional assessment.
Due to a variety of applications, there is an ever-increasing demand for urea and subsequently its production process remains a popular research topic. In the current climate however, studies for solving industrial challenges and the search for a more sustainable process design are required. Previous works concerning simulation of industrial scale production have been developed, however almost none of them are reproducible nor consider urea quality parameters. The severe process operating...
Topics: industrial data validation, industrial process simulation, urea process.
We aim to identify aspects of public transparency in the literature and its influence on the efficiency of public management. For this purpose, a bibliometric study of works published in scientific journals available in the Scopus database was carried out. Initially, 74 academic works were identified using the keywords "transparency", "public governance" and "efficient institutions" after this first filtering, it was restricted only to scientific articles aligned...
Topics: Transparency, Public Governance, Efficient Institutions.
In this work, an online and real-time monitoring system was developed in order to perform Condition-Based Maintenance (CBM). The proposed system named HC 4.0 uses low-cost hardware components such as an Arduino microcontroller and the graphical user interface was designed with the Grafana software, an open-source platform, to measure temperature, relative humidity, compressors currents and motor fan currents in a central air conditioning unit installed at a Brazilian Clinical Hospital named...
Topics: Air conditioning monitoring, Arduino, Condition-based maintenance, Grafana, Microcontroller.
The concern with the waste generated by society can directly or indirectly affect the environment. The search to maintain an ecologically conserved environment, without risks to human health and natural resources is a relevant concern. Therefore, with the general objective of investigating how the disposal of material from the activities carried out in the Port of Manaus occurs and the specific ones are to highlight which materials, quantities and their final destination, propose the...
Topics: Solid Waste, Environmental Management, Environment.
Application of the bioactive extract of the hutun seed (Barringtonia asiatica L.kurz) as an antifeedant in the Plutella xylostella Lcaterpillar pest on sawi plants ( Brassica juncea L.) was carried out. This study aims to determine the antifeedant activity of the hutun seed extract in controlling the caterpillar sawi Plutella xylostella. The method used in this research is a completely randomized design (CRD) method with 4 treatments and 3 repetitions. The concentrations used are 50 ppm, 100...
Topics: Barringtonia asiatica seed, antifeedant, Plutella xylostella, sawi.
Through this document, we have introduced the Android platform and its features, provided with a detailed description of the Android app framework from what developers will use and further develop. We have introduced a simple public transport application to show the basic applications and features of Android app items. Jaipur Bus Finder is a public transport application. It is an Android application to make the process of finding a local bus within the city of Jaipur, Rajasthan hassle-free, so...
Topics: Android, application, framework, operating system.
The new coronavirus infection, also known as SARS-CoV-2, affects especially the respiratory tract and it has been a challenge to face it in a lot of countries, since the disease has no specific treatment and leads to a multidisciplinary care for those infected. Health professionals are classified at high risk, as they are in close contact to these patients. Among those professionals, dental surgeons represent the professionals at most risk, due to their work area being in close contact with the...
Topics: Containment of Biohazards, Coronavirus, Cross Infection, Dental Offices.
Among the various lateral load resisting systems of the tall structures, diagrid structural system is a unique structural system and found effective compared to other bracing systems, which is increasingly popular from the past decades. The diagrids are perimeter structural configurations characterized by a grid of diagonal members which are involved both in gravity and in lateral load resistance. The diagrid structure ensures the overall stiffness and strength of the building only engaging the...
Topics: Diagrid structure, Inter storey drift ratio, Shear wall, Storey module, Storey displacement, Tall...
The present work was carried out to study, through track analysis, the characteristics that most influence grain yield in corn genotypes. The trials were conducted in 2017/18, in the municipality of Santa Maria of Barreiras – PA, a region located in the Cerrado-Amazon Ecótono. Two competition trials of maize cultivars were installed, one in low phosphorus conditions, with 50 kg ha-1from P2O5, and another under high phosphorus, with 100 kg ha-1from P2O5. The experimental design used in each...
Topic: Productivity. Path analysis. Maize genotypes. Zea mays.
One of the significant difficulties in representing the behavior of reinforced concrete structures in mathematical models is the post-cracking non-linearity. And so, reinforced concrete slabs are no exception to the rule. Still, the usual analysis models for this structural element are verified in the elastic regime when the concrete tensile strength is considered. This model is acceptable for the service limit states but not the ultimate limit state. These aspects associated with the great...
Topics: nonlinear analysis, slabs, reinforced concrete, finite element method, ANSYS.
In this paper, we have studied the morphologic, the structural and the electrochemical properties of the LaNi4Fe compound elaborated by mechanical alloying (MA) for two durations 5 and 10 h. These properties are determined by various methods, such as XRD, SEM and galvanostatic cycling. The results show that the LaNi4Fe compound crystallizes in the hexagonal CaCu5 type structure for the two alloying durations 5 and 10 h. The particles obtained by mechanical alloying are in the order of 6 to 7...
Topics: mechanical alloying, nanomaterials, structure, morphology, chronopotentiometry.
Cephalometry is one of the most important complementary exams in the diagnosis and planning of orthodontic, surgical, speech therapy, otorhinolaryngology and facial orthopedic treatments. The lateral cephalogram used for cephalometry can also assess the maturation of the cervical vertebrae to complement the diagnosis of bone age, orofacial dysfunction and changes in the Upper Airway (UAS). Due to the technological evolution for obtaining and interpreting images and with the emergence of...
Topics: Cephalometry, Cephalometric Analysis, Information Technology, Cefanalisys ®.
At the beginning of 2020, the Covid-19 pandemic has influenced learning activity where students and teachers have to adapt from face-to-face learning to online learning. This study aims to overcome the issue by developing a learning media with Project-based learning STEM on projectile motion. The media which accommodated the catapult project was developed for secondary schools on google sites. In this research, the media was developed by conducting the Research and Development (RnD) method with...
Topics: Corona Virus Disease 2019, pandemic, STEM.
With the evolution of technology, the tourists can be effectively guided by the aid of Location Based Service of their smart phone. Solo travelling is popular in today’s touring industries and therefore mobile tourist guided system can efficiently support to solo traveler. By applying the combination of Location Based Service of the mobile phone and Google Map services, this tourist guide information system is developed. The purpose of this system is to provide user’s current...
Topics: Location Based Service, tourist guide system, Google Map, Harversine Formula.
Soybean plays an important role in providing a nutritionally balanced diet. It is the principal source of edible oil and protein in human diets. The edible oil industry is one of the most important sectors of agriculture in India. India is a leading player in the industry, with the World’s largest importer from Indonesia and Malaysia and third largest consumer. India is the fourth largest Soybean producing country in the world after US 118.68 MT Brazil 102 MT, followed by Argentina 57...
Topics: Soybean, edible oil industry, demand-supply, area, production and yield.
Introduction: Neck pain is defined as the presence of pain in the posterior or lateral postero of the neck and cervical region, which may radiate to the adjacent segments, being a bone, joint or muscle pain. It is a common painful condition that has many forms of treatment, including acupuncture and myofascial release. Objective: To review the analgesic effect of acupuncture and myofascial release in the treatment of patients with tension neck pain. Material and Method: This is a systematic...
Topics: Acupuncture, Myofascial, Neck pain, Physiotherapy, Manual therapy.
The present work aims to study the Fourier series with the intention of creating a didactic and understandable text. There are several ways to introduce the Fourier series, the simplest and most pedagogical way, at least for beginners in the subject, is to explore intuitively the basic idea through graphics. This analysis facilitates the understanding of the methodology behind the series and the Fourier. The mathematical formulation will be a simple extension of the physical (geometric) image...
Topics: Applications of Fourier series, Electric current, Fourier Series, Square oscillations.
The municipality of Tori-Bossito in southern Benin has been experiencing a change in its natural environment for several decades. It is important to understand it for a better development. The purpose of this study is to analyze the spatio-temporal dynamics of land use in this municipality from 1990 to 2018. The method adopted is based on the diachronic analysis of land use from Landsat images of 1990, 2000 and sentinel 2A of 2018. The cartographic results allowed the establishment of land use...
Topics: Tori-Bossito, Spatio-temporal dynamics, Degradation, GIS.
In this paper, the concept related to the music connections is presented. It concerns a detailed analysis of the creative processes related to music composition. An innovative geometrical-based approach aimed to trace, analyze and understand the melodic and harmonic music processes has been introduced. In particular, the connections graph representing the geometry of the harmonic space which includes all the potential music paradigms and sonorities is presented. This diagram allows to map and...
Topics: Chords, Harmonic substitutions, Harmonization, Scales, Unconventional Notation.
Shear wall systems are one of the most commonly used lateral load resisting systems in high-rise buildings. Shear wall has very high in-plane stiffness and strength, which could be used to simultaneously resist large horizontal loads, and supports vertical or gravity loads. In multi-storey buildings to resist lateral forces incorporation of shear walls has become inevitable. It is very necessary to determine the effective, efficient, and ideal location of the shear wall. This paper’s study of...
Topics: Shear walls, Storey drift, Base shear, Shear force, Bending Moment, Node displacement.
Objective: Map the scientific evidence about the knowledge and actions of university professors about active methodologies and describe the perception and opinion about the modes of organization, methodological approaches and evaluation systems that define the teaching-learning process. Method: This is an integrative literature review, in which 11 articles were selected from the Google Scholar, SciELO and PubMed databases, by fulfilling the requirements established in the eligibility criteria...
Topic: Active learning methodologies. Meaningful Learning. Higher education.
To develop a printed classifier instrument to guide geriatric emergency care for caregivers of the elderly. This is a literature review of the last 10 years, aiming to elucidate the theme and thus, based on the information obtained, build the printed instrument for the geriatric public. Therefore, this work took place in two stages, the first being the search for articles on online search platforms and the second the construction of the proposed technology. The applicability of educational...
Topics: Elderly Caregivers, Geriatrics, Health Education, Risk Classification.
The organization strategic design is able to be synced and supported through accurate and proper governance implementation. IT Governance reflected as a success key for organizations, including higher education's institutions. In supporting the sustainability and the organization stride, IT governance for the higher education organization needs regular assessment to maintain the dynamic technological and business circumstances. Recently, we see technology management in IT services is...
Topics: COBIT 5 Framework, Data Management, Higher Education, IT Governance, ISO/IEC 38500.
Lean concepts were usually focused exclusively on the manufacturing areas, leaving aside administrative areas. However intense competition has led many organizations to begin to realize that these concepts would also be beneficial to competition with the implementation of lean thinking in their offices. This study addresses the Lean Office theme, a derivation of Lean Manufacturing. The vision of the Lean concept of identifying and eliminating wastes enables improvements in the flow of service...
Topics: Value Stream, Lean Thinking, Lean Office.
The present study is to investigate the heat transfer enhancement in a cylindrical heat exchanger using porous media. The heat exchanger is modelled by a cylindrical cavity (Shell) with inlet and outlet thermally insulated ports and five tubes which contain hot water and cold water flows in shell. The effect of porosity on heat transfer enhancement is studied at different mass flow rate 0.15, 0.2, 0.25 and 0.30 Kg/sec. The study about effect of porosity on heat transfer enhancement is done by...
Topics: Porous medium, Heat exchanger, CFD, porosity, mass flow rate.
This study aimed to assess whether there is influence of the Express and VistaScan scanning systems on the optical density of the image of endodontic cements. 36 specimens were used, 6 of each material, and each material was manipulated and inserted into holes in an acrylic plate supported by a glass plate. The radiographic exposure was performed on phosphorus plates together with an aluminum scale of 9 steps with 1 mm each, this being used as the gold standard. After the periapical...
Topics: endodontic cements, radiopacity, digital images, optical density.
This study aimed to verify the applicability of the terms of Industry 4.0 in Brazilian agribusiness, verifying its use as a mechanism to reduce production costs. In this sense, an exploratory research was developed with a qualitative and quantitative approach of the problem by collecting the opinion of experts on the applicability of these technologies. Taking as a starting point the nine technologies of Industry 4.0 presented by Rübmann et al. (2015), the answers were divided into two groups:...
Topics: Industry 4.0, Brazilian Agribusiness, Agriculture 4.0, Technologies. Costs.
The aim of the study is to predict the tear strength of plain weave fabric by knowing the yarn count, yarn tensile strength and the fabric linear density. A total of nine fabric samples (produced of three different yarn counts which were 36.88, 29.50 and 9.83 tex) were produced in deferent densities at weft direction which were 4.33, 7.08 and 8.26 threads per cm, while the density was fixed at the warp direction in 9.84 ends per cm . Tensile strength was tested for these fabrics at warp and...
Topics: Tear strength, yarn count, fabric linear density, warp, weft, regression coefficient.
The main operational problems found in facultative ponds are the dead zones, short circuit zones of recirculation zones, caused mainly by the accumulation of solids in the bed. The use of baffles is one way of mitigating these problems. Thus, the objective of this work is to compare four baffle installation formats in an optional pond using computational fluid dynamics, and subsequently to identify the occurrence of the main operational problems in each model. For the development of the study,...
Topics: Baffles, Facultative pond, Basic sanitation, Wastewater treatment.
Beyond the theoretical formations concerning Environmental Constitutional Law, the issue that this work emphasizes is the importance of also analyzing the argumentative structure and the configuration of institutions, under the influence of the Fundamental Rights Theory. Thus, it is intended, based on the analysis of the case of the asbestos ban, to critically analyze the whole normative structure as well as the elements that motivated the Federal Supreme Court (STF) to dismiss the Direct...
Topics: law, environment, asbestos, fundamental rights
The purpose of this study is to present a case study based on real production data in which the computer simulation was used to analyze the efficiency of the current layout, paying attention to indicators defined by the value stream mapping, which determined the need of layout restructuring. For this purpose, it was used a computer tool for discrete events that permits to explore the features of the system, aiming to provide a more comprehensive view of the assembly line, since the software has...
Topics: Digital Manufacturing, Process Layout, Production Simulation, Value Stream Mapping.
The educational evaluation requires of analysis and continue strategies to adapted the current context, so that this research presents the need to define models of educational evaluation with adaptive characteristics to the area of knowledge and the students to predict behaviors of academic performance and support the decision making in the educational context. This need is based on the theoretical framework and with the integration of state of the art to outline and define alternative...
Topics: Models of Educational evaluation, strategic of evaluation, intelligence computing.
The Caatinga is a biome rich in endemic species, both fauna and flora. There is, however, no influence suffered on the impacts, some of them being irreversible. Despite being a fragile biome and requiring care due to vulnerability, the issues related to climatological aspects, this is a very resilient ecosystem. This is not important anthropogenic impact, and this case, approach in the impact of the provocation of the activity of mining, is this case in the environment of illegal environment....
Topics: Mining, Degradation, Semi-arid.
The eye detection is one of the most challenging problems in many applications such as image processing, pattern recognition and computer vision. This paper introduces efficient vlsi implementation of eye detection system. Face detection is a very important part of the developed eye detection algorithm. Face detection is done by using skin detection method. Skin detection is an extraction of skin color pixels and regions from an image. In this method, first input image is converted from RGB...
Topics: Face Detection, Eye Detection, RGB, YUV.
The mechanism of absorption of excess power of the flow within hydraulic jump has been studied in the article based on theoretical manner. Mathematic model of hydraulic jump has been investigated by taking additional water body (mass) in hydraulic jump zone as basic. Theoretical research has shown that main part of excess power is discharge for rotation of additional water mass and a formula has been obtained to make calculation thereof. The article also has provided a formula for calculating...
Topics: hydraulic jump, variable mass, motion quantity, additional discharge, critical section, jump length.
As the global environment turns out to be furiously focused, Operations Research has picked up criticalness in applications like world-class Manufacturing systems (WCM), Lean generation, and Six-sigma quality administration, Bench marking, Just-in-time (JIT) inventory techniques. The development of worldwide markets and the subsequent increment in rivalry have highlighted the requirement for Operation Research. To survive and lead the todays very focused and request driven market, weight is on...
Topics: Operations Research, Contemporary, Managerial, Decision Making, techniques, growth, increase,...