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Liverpool Public Library Local History

The Liverpool Public Library has served the community of Liverpool, New York since 1893. The Library produces a local history video series called Liverpool Legends. These videos feature long-time residents of Liverpool, New York and the surrounding area. Discover, learn and grow with the stories and recollections of the events that have shaped our community.



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Balloonist James Buckingham, a.k.a. Professor De Ives, gives us a tour of the amusement parks that surrounded Onondaga Lake in the late 1890s, as he soars above the lake in his hot air balloon. We hear about other balloonists of the time period. David Baker portrays Professor De Ives in this dramatization.  Part 5 of 6, from Liverpool Legends: Ghosts of Liverpool village's past www.lpl.org
Topics: Hot air balloons, Onondaga Lake, James Buckingham, Dramatizations, Liverpool N.Y., Amusement parks,...
Dramatization of the October 1, 1940 visit by First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt to Liverpool, N.Y. Mrs. Roosevelt is welcomed by Liverpool Mayor Michael Heid. Mrs. Roosevelt describes her arrival via sea plane piloted by Captain Fogg, touching down in Onondaga Lake. Part 1 of 6, from Liverpool Legends: Ghosts of Liverpool village's past  www.lpl.org
Topics: Eleanor Roosevelt, Michael Heid, Dramatizations, Liverpool N.Y., Onondaga Lake, Seaplanes, Yacht...
John La Casse portrays Liverpool's first willow basket maker, John Fischer in this dramatization from the 2016 Ghostwalk. Part 3 of 6, from Liverpool Legends: Ghosts of Liverpool village's past www.lpl.org
Topics: John Fischer, Basket making, Willow industry, Baskets, Weavers, Dramatizations, Liverpool N.Y.,...
John La Casse portrays Liverpool's first willow basket maker, John Fischer, in this dramatization from the 2016 Ghostwalk. Fischer tells us about his experiences as a German immigrant starting a new industry in Liverpool in the 1800s. Part 4 of 6, from Liverpool Legends: Ghosts of Liverpool village's past www.lpl.org
Topics: John Fischer, Basket making, Willow industry, Baskets, Weavers, Dramatizations, Liverpool N.Y.,...
Dramatization of the October 1, 1940 visit by First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt to Liverpool, N.Y. Mayor Michael Heid offers Mrs. Roosevelt a hot dog, and Mrs Roosevelt presents her views on women in politics. Part 2 of 6, from Liverpool Legends: Ghosts of Liverpool village's past www.lpl.org
Topics: Eleanor Roosevelt, Michael Heid, Dramatizations, Liverpool N.Y., Onondaga Lake, Onondaga Lake...
Professor De Ives reviews the history of parachuting, and describes his fateful 1891 performance over Onondaga Lake. David Baker portrays James Buckingham, a. k. a. Professor De Ives in this dramatization. Part 6 of 6, from Liverpool Legends: Ghosts of Liverpool village's past www.lpl.org
Topics: Hot air balloons, Onondaga Lake, James Buckingham, Dramatizations, Liverpool N.Y., Parachutes,...
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2008 Liverpool Public Library
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Sally Drago: Bayberry Women's Association, Fashion Shows were held at Tudor's on Morgan Road  Phil Curry: Mosquitoes were bad so mosquito patrol formed. Dick Bandy: Mosquito problem - took turns running a hand-held fogger, eventually got motorized fogger. Agnes Benfey: You get to know each other so well & their children. Holiday decorating contest. Snow sculpting contests, garage sales. Citizen of the year award. Rudy Benfey: Preschool in a neighborís basement. (3:30) www.lpl.org
Topics: Bayberry, Neighborhoods, Housing developments, Liverpool N.Y., Sally Drago, Phil Curry, Dick Bandy,...
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2008 Liverpool Public Library
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Agnes Benfey: Bayberry Community Association (BCA) big help getting questions answered; organizations to get what was needed. Sally Drago: Town government had to put in lighting, sewer, roads, storm gutters, trash pickup Rudy Benfey: BCA made developers pay attention to the things that needed fixing. Peg Bandy: BCA made community what it is today, a wonderful thing. Phil Curry: It was hard to get a traffic light. Peg Bandy: They got traffic light at entrance. With the help of other agencies and...
Topics: Bayberry, Neighborhoods, Housing developments, Liverpool N.Y., Agnes Benfey, Sally Drago, Rudy...
Liverpool Public Library Local History
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Sally Drago’s husband heard about a meeting – Bayberry is first planned community In upstate New York.  Phil Curry chose Bayberry because of central location, great place to bring up children,  safe and quiet.   (3:53) www.lpl.org
Topics: Bayberry, Neighborhoods, Housing developments, Liverpool N.Y., Sally Drago, Phil Curry
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2008 Liverpool Public Library
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Thomas Gaines: Built a hot air balloon – story about putting fires out. Rudy Benfey: People got together and did things informally. Blizzard of ’66. Dick Bandy: Blizzard of ‘66 story – snow up to roof of church. Traffic didn’t move for two days – it was fun! Sally Drago: No standard sized windows so had to have custom drapes made.    (3:44) www.lpl.org
Topics: Bayberry, Neighborhoods, Housing developments, Liverpool N.Y., Thomas Gaines, Rudy Benfey, Dick...
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2008 Liverpool Public Library
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 Nancy Danzer: When first moved in had a manicured lawn.  Friendly’s and other businesses are there now.  Sally Drago: Third person to buy a home. July 1956 they chose their lot on Elderberry;  were told they could move in  by Thanksgiving, then by Christmas. First family moved in Jan 1957.  Trucks drove in with fully prefab homes. Peg Bandy: Saw a little girl stuck in mud once during the building;  it was an adventure. Rudy Benfey: Moved in on a rainy April day, a muddy mess. Tony...
Topics: Bayberry, Neighborhoods, Housing developments, Liverpool N.Y., Nancy Danzer, Sally Drago, Rudy...
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2008 Liverpool Public Library
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Thomas Gaines: First neighborhood watch. His father died and he noted, "Death was new to this development". Neighborhood pitched in with help and comfort - Santa Crosby. Sally Drago: People moving in fast. Welcome committee gave information packet - where things were located. Also pamphlet on how to survive a nuclear blast. Peg Bandy: This was a paradise for kids. Close knit neighborhood, everybody had children. There were picnics in back yard - pot luck paradise. Agnes Benfey:...
Topics: Bayberry, Neighborhoods, Housing developments, Liverpool N.Y., Thomas Gaines, Sally Drago, Peg...
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2008 Liverpool Public Library
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 Rudy Benfey: Grew from 54 houses - retained its character - made it a nice place to live. Peg Bandy: So glad we bought a house out here - enjoyed time out here. Thomas Gaines: Fond memories.  (:53) www.lpl.org
Topics: Bayberry, Neighborhoods, Housing developments, Liverpool N.Y., Rudy Benfey, Peg Bandy, Thomas Gaines
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2008 Liverpool Public Library
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Dick Bandy: Several model houses on display; he looked at all of them; wishes still owned it. California-style house, cathedral ceilings, wonderful to live there.     Peg Bandy: Loved the house, she watched them build it. Very exciting to watch bulldozers.     Sally Drago:  Houses were so modern for the time. 2 ½ baths were unusual in 1957.  Appliances were included.     Tony Drago: House came on a truck, put up in a day.     Dick Bandy: Initially could not change the color of your...
Topics: Bayberry, Neighborhoods, Housing developments, Liverpool N.Y., Dick Bandy, Peg Bandy, Sally Drago,...
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2008 Liverpool Public Library
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Louise Benfey: Craven Crawford, hatching eggs, feeding chicks. Thomas Gaines: Building the baseball field in  green area. Neighbor Richards was a former town councilman. Louise Benfey: Kids played with each other; played on big dirt hill, sledding on underpass hill in winter. Sally Drago: Homemade hot air balloon, UFO hoax appeared as article in paper   (3:20) www.lpl.org
Topics: Bayberry, Neighborhoods, Housing developments, Liverpool N.Y., Louise Benfey, Thomas Gaines, Sally...
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2008 Liverpool Public Library
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Rudy Benfey: You got to know your neighbors and their cars. Sally Drago: No working mothers, families had just one car. Nancy Danzer: Became very good friends with Sherwood family. Wonderful friendships. It’s what she loves about Bayberry. Phil Curry: Surrounded by General Electric and Carrier people; he was an outsider but accepted and enjoyed for 49 years.   (2:10) www.lpl.org
Topics: Bayberry, Neighborhoods, Housing developments, Liverpool N.Y., Rudy Benfey, Sally Drago, Nancy...
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2008 Liverpool Public Library
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Tony Drago: SuperDuper, movie house, restaurants and bars. Sally Drago: Cole's Supermarket; also a store with monkey in it. You only bought items in a can or jar.  Thomas Gaines: Bayberry Theater - Planet of the Apes marathon Louise Benfey: Walked to movies, very affordable. Turned theater into church one summer before Christ the King was built. Thomas Gaines: Big moment - Bayberry got a Post Office and the 13090 zip code; on the map now. Phil Curry: Crosby SuperDuper - fire story Peg Bandy:...
Topics: Bayberry, Neighborhoods, Housing developments, Liverpool N.Y., Tony Drago, Sally Drago, Thomas...
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2008 Liverpool Public Library
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Agnes Benfey: Churches came in, and schools. Children could walk to school - very community centered. Christ the King. United Church of Christ. King of Kings Lutheran. Liverpool Community Church.  Nancy Danzer: Lasting friendships - churches bring people together.  (1:10) www.lpl.org
Topics: Bayberry, Neighborhoods, Housing developments, Liverpool N.Y., Agnes Benfey, Nancy Danzer, Churches
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2008 Liverpool Public Library
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Thomas Gaines: After his father died, there was a widow rate for pool. Pool was the babysitter. Phil Curry: Swim team competition - son dove in and caught toe in drain. Pool parties, with Hully Gully dance that included falling in pool. Describes pool area.   Agnes Benfey: Pool was fantastic - describes a day at the pool. Rudy Benfey: Pool parties, lessons, before backyard pools. Dick Bandy: Pool was big thing - families spent all day  (2:29) www.lpl.org
Topics: Bayberry, Neighborhoods, Housing developments, Liverpool N.Y., Thomas Gaines, Phil Curry, Agnes...
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2008 Liverpool Public Library
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 Sally Drago: Lots of activities - clam bakes, block parties. Agnes Benfey: Once a month coffee at a home, hostess made cookies. Sally Drago: There were six of us who wanted exercises, so we did it in my Living room; Pool parties at the kiddy pool. Tony Drago: Exercise class, swimming lessons  Thomas Gaines: I grew up on Foxberry St, many boys so there was a team for every season and competitions with other streets. In those days, we'd go hunting behind the factory on Morgan Road where there...
Topics: Bayberry, Neighborhoods, Housing developments, Liverpool N.Y., Sally Drago, Agnes Benfey, Tony...
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2008 Liverpool Public Library
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Tony Drago: After moving in, he was hired to work in sales office, was paid $40 for each prospective buyer he brought in. Felt very safe in Bayberry community. Nancy Danzer: Remembers Dairy Lee milk delivery; in summer, vegetable man, knife sharpener came door-to-door, a real country atmosphere. Phil Curry: Good Humor, Byrne Dairy deliveries. The original road was Buckley Road, but because there were  duplicate house numbers the portion that went through Bayberry was renamed Blackberry Road....
Topics: Bayberry, Neighborhoods, Housing developments, Liverpool N.Y., Tony Drago, Nancy Danzer, Phil...
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2002 Liverpool Public Library
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Rockaway Beach was built south of Maple Bay in 1895 by Civil War Veteran, Joseph Hecker - catered to sportsman - shooting, boating, bowling, dancing and picnicking - in the winter it was the home of the Syracuse Ice Boating Club (2:15) Across the Lake: A Visit to Onondaga Lake’s Amusement Parks 1875-1920 Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring Liverpool’s Past, Volume 1 www.lpl.org
Topics: Amusement parks, Parks, Onondaga Lake, Liverpool N.Y., Rockaway Beach, Joseph Hecker
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2002 Liverpool Public Library
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Mud Lock and the tavern there - Lock No. 5 on the Oswego Canal - built in 1828   (1:26) Across the Lake: A Visit to Onondaga Lake’s Amusement Parks 1875-1920 Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring Liverpool’s Past, Volume 1 www.lpl.org
Topics: Amusement parks, Parks, Onondaga Lake, Liverpool N.Y., Oswego Canal, Mud Lock, Taverns
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2002 Liverpool Public Library
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The Golden Age - 1875 - 1920 - seven hotels, six restaurants, six large dance pavilions, four roller coasters, two carousels, two roller skating rinks, bowling alleys and a host of other attractions (:36) Across the Lake: A Visit to Onondaga Lake’s Amusement Parks 1875-1920 Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring Liverpool’s Past, Volume 1 www.lpl.org
Topics: Amusement parks, Parks, Onondaga Lake, Liverpool N.Y., Restaurants, Hotels, Bowling
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2002 Liverpool Public Library
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Opening Montage - Onondaga Lake in the 1870s - Oswego Canal - Salt Boiling Blocks - 1887 Thomas Gale Solar Salt Works along what is now Old Liverpool Road - Fred Gaynor was first to see potential in the Western Shoreline of Onondaga Lake - he opened a picnic grove  at Lakeview Point and then added a hotel - larger resorts followed - in the Gay '90s, eight large resorts and a number of smaller ones were developed - Rockaway Beach, Maple Bay and White City - led to the title "The Coney...
Topics: Amusement parks, Parks, Onondaga Lake, Liverpool N.Y., Oswego Canal, Salt industry, Old Liverpool...
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2002 Liverpool Public Library
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The original yacht club was located on the Southwestern shore of the lake, below Lakeview Point - opened in 1899 by Lyman Smith, the typewriter king - large wooden structure on pylons - 2,000 members - daily lunches and dinners - rowing regattas - home of  Syracuse University rowing team - May 10, 1917 - the club burned to the waterline - never rebuilt on that site - a smaller yacht club was built near Liverpool's Marina   (2:36) Across the Lake: A Visit to Onondaga Lake’s Amusement Parks...
Topics: Amusement parks, Parks, Onondaga Lake, Liverpool N.Y., Syracuse Yacht Club, Boats, Yacht Club,...
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2002 Liverpool Public Library
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The Iron Pier - build by the Rapid Transit Railroad in 1888 - located where Carousel Mall now stands - it was made out of wood, not iron, and was 600 ft long by 50 ft wide -by 1890 it was known as the gateway to Onondaga Lake - brilliantly lighted grounds - band concerts every day and evening - a large dance hall, restaurant, boat rentals, a playground at the beach and a toboggan water slide - closed in 1907   (2:38) Across the Lake: A Visit to Onondaga Lake’s Amusement Parks 1875-1920 Part...
Topics: Amusement parks, Parks, Onondaga Lake, Liverpool N.Y., Iron Pier
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2002 Liverpool Public Library
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The New York State Fair - 1889 -    (1:13) Across the Lake: A Visit to Onondaga Lake’s Amusement Parks 1875-1920 Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring Liverpool’s Past, Volume 1 www.lpl.org
Topics: Amusement parks, Parks, Onondaga Lake, Liverpool N.Y., New York State Fair, Fairs
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2002 Liverpool Public Library
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After WW1, resorts began to lose ground - automobiles enabled people to travel farther for their amusements, the lake was getting more and more polluted - by the end of 1920 Onondaga Lake was at the end of an age - Oswego Canal was abandoned in 1918 - salt industry gone by 1926 - the resorts were gone - the Great Depression in 1929 sparked renewal along the lake - Crandall Melvin, Sr. - Onondaga Lake Parkway - The Old French Fort, The Salt Museum, Griffin Field, Jesuit Well, Gale Salt Springs,...
Topics: Amusement parks, Parks, Onondaga Lake, Liverpool N.Y., Crandall Melvin, Sr., Oswego Canal, Onondaga...
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2002 Liverpool Public Library
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Long Branch Park - Barnhardt  "Ben" and George Maurer bought the land in 1882 - Ben bought out his brother's share in 1890 - a small merry-go-round - grew steadily, becoming one of the most popular amusement parks on the lake - named for the large Chestnut and Tulip Trees on the site - family and church picnics - no alcohol - jail for rowdy people - Day Brother's picnic - Farmer's picnic on Labor Day - Crawford Dock at foot of Sycamore Street in Liverpool - Tornado at 5pm on Sept....
Topics: Amusement parks, Parks, Onondaga Lake, Liverpool N.Y., Long Branch Park, George Maurer, Ben Maurer
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2002 Liverpool Public Library
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The Iron Pier - steamboats to the resorts - round trip 25 cents - charter boats from the packet dock in Clinton Square - they would go up the Oswego Canal to Mud Lock and then out into the Lake - stopping at any one of the resort piers - in 1898 trolleys made it even easier to get to the resorts, with a lakeshore trolley route covering all of the resorts (1:41) Across the Lake: A Visit to Onondaga Lake’s Amusement Parks 1875-1920 Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring Liverpool’s Past,...
Topics: Amusement parks, Parks, Onondaga Lake, Liverpool N.Y., Oswego Canal, Boats, Iron Pier, Trolleys
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2002 Liverpool Public Library
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Closing recap - Western Shore returned to undeveloped land - just slight reminders of the resorts can be found there -  closing montage of images (2:21) Across the Lake: A Visit to Onondaga Lake’s Amusement Parks 1875-1920 Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring Liverpool’s Past, Volume 1 www.lpl.org
Topics: Amusement parks, Parks, Onondaga Lake, Liverpool N.Y.
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2002 Liverpool Public Library
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1925 "The New Long Branch Park" - bigger roller coaster - a larger merry-go-round - it finally closed in 1938 - merry-go-round sold to Roseland Park in Canandaigua - then in 1985, the merry-go-round was sold to Pyramid for the Carousel Mall -  (2:55) Across the Lake: A Visit to Onondaga Lake’s Amusement Parks 1875-1920 Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring Liverpool’s Past, Volume 1 www.lpl.org
Topics: Amusement parks, Parks, Onondaga Lake, Liverpool N.Y., Long Branch Park
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2002 Liverpool Public Library
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Maple Bay was established in 1890 - on large curve of the lake, west of the lake's outlet and South of Long Branch Park - Willis Barnum built a hotel and rides on the site - 1896 - Philadelphia investors enlarged Maple Bay and named it "Lakeside Park" - 1905 it boasted that it was the king of the resorts - fights between rival gangs and a growing reputation as a rough place kept families and business away and it failed   (2:46) Across the Lake: A Visit to Onondaga Lake’s Amusement...
Topics: Amusement parks, Parks, Onondaga Lake, Liverpool N.Y., Maple Bay, Lakeside Park, Willis Barnum,...
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2002 Liverpool Public Library
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Pleasant Beach - second successful resort to open, and one of the last to close - the largest resort on the lake - started as a picnic area in 1874 as Cowen's Grove - best swimming on the lake - trolley line in 1899 - the exotic dancer "Little Egypt" made her only CNY appearance there - hot air balloon rides, parachute jumps, high divers, military reenactments - The Lackawanna Hotel - the third and final hotel closed in 1954, making Pleasant Beach the last of the resorts to close...
Topics: Amusement parks, Parks, Onondaga Lake, Liverpool N.Y., Pleasant Beach, Hotels
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2002 Liverpool Public Library
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Lakeview was the first of the resorts - located at the mouth of 9-Mile Creek -  first a picnic grove, then a hotel - very popular - Frank Haverly bought Lakeview in 1899 - planned to turn it into a private family resort - Syracuse, Lakeview, and Balwinsville trolley line had just been completed - however the resort was located next to the Solvay Process Company - a major contributor of the lake's growing pollution problem - they had been granted a permit to dump their waste products, along...
Topics: Amusement parks, Parks, Onondaga Lake, Liverpool N.Y., Lakeview Point, Frank Haverly, Solvay Process
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2002 Liverpool Public Library
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White City was the last and perhaps the most spectacular resort - located on what is now a parking lot for the State Fair - built in 1906 - a copy of Coney Island - open air platform seating for 5,000 for band concerts and vaudeville acts - restaurant that could seat 1,000 - Japanese Tea Garden - miniature scenic railroad - 41,000 people attended its opening - closed only 9 years later in 1915 -    (2:44) Across the Lake: A Visit to Onondaga Lake’s Amusement Parks 1875-1920 Part of the...
Topics: Amusement parks, Parks, Onondaga Lake, Liverpool N.Y., White City
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Willow Splitters - various types used by differing basket-makers - hammers - tapping down the willow to tighten the weave - the spacing varies from basket to basket - shears were used to cut the butts of the willows - willows used in basket-making were not trees - they were willow bushes - they were cut right to the ground - (3:14) Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring Liverpool’s Past, Volume 1 www.lpl.org
Topics: Basket making, Willow industry, Willow weaving, Liverpool Willow Museum, Liverpool N.Y., Willow,...
Liverpool Public Library Local History
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17th Century Europe a time of war and change - fighting over borders and beliefs, great advances in the sciences and the arts -  Shakespeare, Galileo, Rembrandt, Cervantes - Jacques Cartier was one of the first French explorers to reach North America - 1535 discovered mouth of St. Lawrence while seeking a passage to China - Samuel Champlain was another French explorer - continued exploration of St. Lawrence River - 1608 he established Quebec as a fur-trading colony - the first settlement in...
Topics: Ste. Marie de Gannentaha, Jesuits, Haudenosaunee, Iroquois, Liverpool N.Y., New France, Jacques...
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The French plan an escape - they secretly build boats and invited the Onondagas for a feast - two days of eating, singing and games - then they loaded the boats and left.  Mission abandoned in 20 months - the French never came back to Central New York - the Iroquois allied themselves with the British eventually, fighting side by side with them against the French in the 1700s - Closing credits   (2:43) Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring Liverpool’s Past, Volume 1 www.lpl.org
Topics: Ste. Marie de Gannentaha, Jesuits, Haudenosaunee, Iroquois, Liverpool N.Y.
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Groceries delivered by vendors who traveled the neighborhoods - put a card in the window indicating what they wanted:  G for groceries, I for Ice, M for Milk - Williams Frank was a grocery store on Tulip Street - where the Dollar Store is now - his father would go to the willow shop at 8 or 9 in the morning - his uncles would come a little later - his brother made bottoms and if his father had more than he needed, he would take them over the Tulip Street to J.P. Rizler who would buy them for 5...
Topics: Basket making, Willow industry, Willow weaving, Liverpool Willow Museum, Liverpool N.Y., Stores...
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After the willows were stripped, they were put in sorting barrels - different sizes for different baskets/purposes - willow separator - this was done by willow-maker, since he knew what he needed for the next day's work - willows had to be kept wet at all times so they would bend but not break - use of burlap bags (1:51) Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring Liverpool’s Past, Volume 1 www.lpl.org
Topics: Basket making, Willow industry, Willow weaving, Liverpool Willow Museum, Liverpool N.Y., Willow
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A complete set of tools used by the basket-maker - willow knives - 18 to 20 men in late October would go by train to Lyons, Waterloo and Seneca Falls to cut willow - cut willow brought back to Liverpool by train and picked up at the railroad station that was near Heid's - the public steamer building is still on the 100 block of First Street - once steamed, they were taken to the willow-makers' homes to be stripped - the steaming loosens the bark (3:20) Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring...
Topics: Basket making, Willow industry, Willow weaving, Liverpool Willow Museum, Liverpool N.Y., Tools,...
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He and his father went to Peter Duerr's - big building across from the animal hospital on Salina Street near Liverpool Lumber Company - he had a big willow factory there - he had  6 or 8 basket-makers, people who stripped the willows, people making bottoms and people just carrying bundles of willows around - a typical basket-maker would make a dozen baskets on a good day - he would get 50 cents a basket - he would bundle up the baskets until the wholesaler came - Thurwacker was his name and he...
Topics: Basket making, Willow industry, Willow weaving, Liverpool Willow Museum, Liverpool N.Y., Peter...
Liverpool Public Library Local History
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The willow shop is there because his mother died at over a hundred and she had kept her kids out of the shop ever since 1929 - it wasn't hard restoring it because it was left much the way it always was - closing credits   (1:09) Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring Liverpool’s Past, Volume 1 www.lpl.org
Topics: Basket making, Willow industry, Willow weaving, Liverpool Willow Museum, Liverpool N.Y., Stores...
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Iroquois Confederacy was very powerful during 17th century - bounded by the St. Lawrence River, the Hudson, lands as far south as Pennsylvania and beyond Rochester to the West - the Iroquois wanted access to European trade goods, such as metal tools, and decided to make peace with the French - June 1653, the Onondaga Chief traveled to Quebec and struck a tentative peace agreement with the French governor - Father Simon Le Moyne was chosen to go to the Onondaga and finalize the terms of the...
Topics: Ste. Marie de Gannentaha, Jesuits, Haudenosaunee, Iroquois, Liverpool N.Y., Iroquois Confederacy,...
Liverpool Public Library Local History
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May 17, 1656 - about 50 Frenchmen with a few Huron converts and Iroquois guides - left Quebec and journeyed up the St. Lawrence to Lake Ontario and then down into Central New York from what is now Oswego - July 11, 1656, they arrived on the shores of what is now Onondaga Lake - they set to building the mission, using the tools they brought with them - stone and wood from the surrounding area - making use of some of the building techniques they had observed - the mission had four buildings and a...
Topics: Ste. Marie de Gannentaha, Jesuits, Haudenosaunee, Iroquois, Liverpool N.Y., Onondaga Lake
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2001 Liverpool Public Library
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Willow shops were not insulated and very cold - use of burlap to stay warm - different types of basket bottoms - basket frames - coal used to keep the shop warm - scuttles were given away by coal companies at church fairs and the like (2:24) Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring Liverpool’s Past, Volume 1 www.lpl.org
Topics: Basket making, Willow industry, Willow weaving, Liverpool Willow Museum, Liverpool N.Y.
Mid 1600s - five of the nations formed a confederation - the Mohawk, the Oneida, the Seneca, the Cayuga and the Onondaga came together on the shores of Onondaga Lake - they called themselves Haudenosaunee, or "People of the Long House" - the French called them Iroquois, from an Algonquin word meaning "Snake Eaters" - still very democratic - equal representation at Council meetings - following the great law of peace -   (1:13) Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring...
Topics: Ste. Marie de Gannentaha, Jesuits, Haudenosaunee, Iroquois, Liverpool N.Y., Iroquois Confederacy,...
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French settlers traded goods for beaver skins - very valuable commodity in Europe - many battles over trapping grounds and trading rights -  religion was also an important part of life in France - the Jesuits were eager to come to New France and convert the Native Americans to the Catholic faith - in France, the divine right of kings, strict class system - rigid class structure - women had no political power - Native Americans lived very differently - complex political system of Chiefdoms,...
Topics: Ste. Marie de Gannentaha, Jesuits, Haudenosaunee, Iroquois, Liverpool N.Y., Religion
Longhouses - 80-150 ft long by 20-30ft wide - built in clearings - sapling frames covered with sheets of elm bark - groups of longhouses together formed villages - a fence was often constructed around them for protection - Jesuits traveled to villages of the five nations with the exception of the Mohawk - only Christians were allowed to go beyond the gate of Ste. Marie - after only a year, the distrust between the Iroquois and the French grew - some of the Iroquois didn't want to forsake their...
Topics: Ste. Marie de Gannentaha, Jesuits, Haudenosaunee, Iroquois, Liverpool N.Y.
Liverpool Public Library Local History
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The willow skin breaker was used for cracking the bark - then the children would sit and strip off the skin of the willow - the awls were pushed through the bottom of  the baskets so they would spin on the bench as the basket-makers constructed them - most of the basket makers didn't make the bottoms - families made baskets through the winter months and then took on more lucrative work in the good weather - there were fancy-ware shops - anything that wasn't a laundry basket was considered...
Topics: Basket making, Willow industry, Willow weaving, Liverpool Willow Museum, Liverpool N.Y., Willow,...
Liverpool Public Library Local History
2001 Liverpool Public Library
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Different types of baskets - fancy-ware - lemonade basket - pack basket - fishing creel - clothes hampers - bassinette - chairs for boats on Lake George and Lake Champlain - the chairs were well adapted to the use - getting wet was good for the willow (4:03) Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring Liverpool’s Past, Volume 1 www.lpl.org
Topics: Basket making, Willow industry, Willow weaving, Liverpool Willow Museum, Liverpool N.Y., Baskets
Liverpool Public Library Local History
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Pot-bellied stove - cook on one side and freeze on the other - boiling pan for willow - original light bulbs from 1926 - calendars from 1906 and 1907 -   (2:47) Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring Liverpool’s Past, Volume 1 www.lpl.org
Topics: Basket making, Willow industry, Willow weaving, Liverpool Willow Museum, Liverpool N.Y.
Liverpool Public Library Local History
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Greeting by Ken Hurst - Liverpool the capital of the willow industry - sold by willow makers locally and also shipped them by box car to New York City -   (1:32) Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring Liverpool’s Past, Volume 1 www.lpl.org
Topics: Basket making, Willow industry, Willow weaving, Liverpool Willow Museum, Liverpool N.Y., Kenneth P....
Liverpool Public Library Local History
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Sainte Marie Among the Iroquois was the first attempt to establish a European Settlement in Central New York - 17th Century - Central New York covered with dense woodland - burned sections planted with corn - bark houses - communities of 1,000 persons - Central New York became the setting for a power struggle among the European interests who wanted to claim the "New World" -    (1:57) Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring Liverpool’s Past, Volume 1 www.lpl.org
Topics: Ste. Marie de Gannentaha, Jesuits, Haudenosaunee, Iroquois, Liverpool N.Y.
Liverpool Public Library Local History
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By 1850 the available wood supply had been exhausted - switch to coal to fire the blocks -the price of coal sky-rocketed and the price of salt rose as well - as early as 1812, the state had set aside salt lots to experiment with solar salt manufacturing - the salt boiling blocks declined in the 1880s and by 1890 the last block was closed and solar salt was king Solar evaporation method - Salt was more coarse than from the boiling blocks, but cheaper - season depended on the weather - a crop of...
Topics: Salt industry, Liverpool N.Y., Solar salt, Wells, Old Liverpool Road, Thomas K. Gale
Liverpool Public Library Local History
1999 Liverpool Public Library
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The impact of the Canal System on the Salt Industry and vice versa - Tax on salt shipments paid for over half the cost of the canal - the canal provided low cost transportation for the salt to the nation - the canal would freeze in the winter, stopping traffic - railroads eventually took over the transportation of salt - The salt industry influenced other industries: coopering, wagon-making, boat-building and blacksmithing -   (1:28) Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring Liverpool’s Past,...
Topics: Salt industry, Liverpool N.Y., Canals
1797 -  New York State took possession of the land around Onondaga Lake and established the 15,000 acre Onondaga Salt Springs Reservation - Salt Superintendent - land divided up into salt lots - Vivus W. Smith - 1855-1864 Salt Superintendent - 1862 a record 9,053,874 bushels of salt were produced - brine wells were drilled to augment what the brine springs could produce - the brine from the wells were distributed by wooden pipe through three state-owned pump houses - to a reservoir and then to...
Topics: Salt industry, Liverpool N.Y., Vivus W. Smith, Onondaga Lake
Liverpool Public Library Local History
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Workers worked long hours in a hot and humid environment - blocks ran continuously from April - December - ever present risk of burns, pneumonia, fires and explosions - a boiling block could produce 100 bushels or 5,600 lbs of salt in six to eight hours - not unusual for women and children to work alongside the men in the blocks   (1:16) Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring Liverpool’s Past, Volume 1 www.lpl.org
Topics: Salt industry, Liverpool N.Y., Boiling blocks, Labor
Liverpool Public Library Local History
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Solar Salt workers didn't face the dangers of the salt block workers - owners provided the solar salt workers with housing near the salt covers - the salt industry was seasonal, so many of the Liverpool salt workers turned to willow basket-making in the winter months to keep their families fed   (:51) Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring Liverpool’s Past, Volume 1 www.lpl.org
Topics: Salt industry, Liverpool N.Y., Solar salt, Labor
Liverpool Public Library Local History
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Native American roots of the Salt Industry in Liverpool - Father Simon Le Moyne and the natural brine springs around Onondaga Lake - 1775 report of two black men making salt - the first, other than the Native Americans to manufacture salt   (2:23) Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring Liverpool’s Past, Volume 1 www.lpl.org
Topics: Salt industry, Liverpool N.Y., Fr. Simon Le Moyne, Onondaga Lake
Liverpool Public Library Local History
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Liverpool produced salt for 138 years - the salt was instrumental in keeping the Union Army fed during the Civil War - it was Onondaga Salt Works, not Union arms, that won the war - the salt industry began to decline due to new salt deposits found in the West - in 1908 the state decided to auction off the Salt Springs Reservation - by 1920, only two solar salt companies remained - 1922 a windstorm destroyed many salt yards - Gale was the only one to rebuild and stayed in business until 1926  ...
Topics: Salt industry, Liverpool N.Y., Civil War, Thomas K. Gale
Liverpool Public Library Local History
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Land around Onondaga Lake permanently settled in 1788 - Asa Danforth and Comfort Tyler - Tyler build the first salt manufactory - a kettle suspended over a fire pit to boil the brine - 1793 through 1830 most salt was made in groups of 4 to 6 60 gallon kettles set in stone arches with individual fires -    (1:29) Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring Liverpool’s Past, Volume 1 www.lpl.org
Topics: Salt industry, Liverpool N.Y., Asa Danforth, Comfort Tyler
Liverpool Public Library Local History
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Sampson Jaqueth owned one of the large boiling blocks near the Oswego Canal - after his death in 1874, the block burned, leaving only the chimney standing - 1933 - Onondaga County Work Relief Program decided to build a museum dedicated to the salt  industry, using the Jaqueth chimney as a starting point - closing recap and credits       (2:06)    Part of the compilation DVD: Exploring Liverpool’s Past, Volume 1 www.lpl.org
Topics: Salt industry, Liverpool N.Y., Sampson Jaqueth, Jaqueth chimney, Salt Museum
Liverpool Public Library Local History
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1830s - kettles evolved into large "boiling blocks," or "salt blocks" containing 50 or 60 kettles - each with a 100-120 gallon capacity - storage for salt - wooden pipes to distribute the brine into the pots - firing pits - cisterns next to each block to hold the brine - process of boiling, drying and placing the salt in bags or barrels - Liverpool had 62 salt blocks during the boom years of the salt industry - located between Bloody Brook and Sycamore Street   (2:42) Part...
Topics: Salt industry, Liverpool N.Y., Boiling blocks
Liverpool Public Library Local History
1996 Liverpool Public Library
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North Syracuse   Got a job weeding carrots, 10¢ an hour (:49) www.lpl.org
Topics: Glenn Burdick, Liverpool N.Y., Farms
Liverpool Public Library Local History
1996 Liverpool Public Library
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Selling Used Cars   Applied to be a used car salesman at Salina Chevrolet, started in same showroom as Sam Dell, for $25.00 a week Cost of cars then and in todays money (3:33) www.lpl.org
Topics: Glenn Burdick, Liverpool N.Y., Automobiles
Liverpool Public Library Local History
1996 Liverpool Public Library
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Odd Jobs   1934/1935, worked part time at grocery stores, had little free time Boy scouts, led by undertaker, gave him a job, 25¢ an hour at funeral home (1:02) www.lpl.org
Topics: Glenn Burdick, Liverpool N.Y., Boy Scouts, Stores & shops
Liverpool Public Library Local History
1996 Liverpool Public Library
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Geometry Seventh through ninth grade in Port Leyden, study hall housed the whole school Principal had the study hall, also taught geometry, he loved the class (1:10) www.lpl.org
Topics: Glenn Burdick, Liverpool N.Y., Port Leyden N.Y., Schools
Liverpool Public Library Local History
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Thoughts of Dropping out of School   Had a difficult time with English, afraid he would not graduate, many boys dropped out of school to help on the farm Went to father, suggested he dropped out of school, father said no (1:04) www.lpl.org
Topics: Glenn Burdick, Liverpool N.Y., Schools, Farms
Liverpool Public Library Local History
1996 Liverpool Public Library
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 Twenties were prosperous, thirties were not with the Depression, forties things are better, but the nation knows it will be drawn into war Worked at Savage Arms, hoping to avoid the draft, many enlisting to avoid the army (2:34) www.lpl.org
Topics: Glenn Burdick, World War II, Liverpool N.Y., Labor, Army
Liverpool Public Library Local History
1996 Liverpool Public Library
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Massena, his third 6th grade   Dad got some army tents and set them up, they were two tents on platforms, one for sleeping, the other for cooking and living Fall was approaching and it got cold, father bought two potbelly stoves, Raked leaves to help with income (1:35) www.lpl.org
Topics: Glenn Burdick, Liverpool N.Y., Massena N.Y.
Liverpool Public Library Local History
1996 Liverpool Public Library
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His mother had a blind mare named Kit, took most of the day to go from Liverpool to Tully (1:11) www.lpl.org
Topics: Glenn Burdick, Liverpool N.Y., Horses
Liverpool Public Library Local History
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Buying A Wedding Suit   Needed a suit to get married, saw a sale for $1 down, $1 a week Store refused to grant him credit, now working for Savage Arms in Utica, they agreed to sell him the suit if his fiance signed too (2:04) www.lpl.org
Topics: Glenn Burdick, Liverpool N.Y., Stores & shops