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NASA Images
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Mariner 4 was launched November 28, 1964 on a 228-day mission to Mars. The spacecraft carried instruments for eight interplanetary and planetary experiments including a TV camera. Mariner 4 passed Mars at a distance of 9,868 kilometers (6,118 miles), recording and transmitting to Earth our first close-up picture of the red planet. In 21 and a fraction of a 22nd picture, Mariner's TV camera scanned about one percent of the Martian surface, revealing ancient craters of varying size. Planetary...
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Mariner 4, What -- Mars, What -- TV Camera, What -- Earth
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/spacecraft/mariner4.html
NASA Images
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Cydonia comparison In July of 1976 the Viking 1 Orbiter imaged an area of the Cydonia region located in the northern latitudes of Mars. NASA released an image of a surface feature that due to sun angle and shadows gave the appearance of a human "face." The feature is 1.5 kilometers (one mile) across. It was imaged from a range of range of 1,873 kilometers (1,164 miles) with a resolution of 30 meters (98 feet) per pixel. Data transmission drop-out errors produced the speckled...
Topics: What -- Viking 1 Orbiter, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Sun, What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mgs/gallery/images_faceonmars.html
NASA Images
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Face on Mars
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Topics: Latest Images, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mgs/gallery/images_latestimages.html
NASA Images
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This view shows sharp detail of a scarp at the head of Chasma Boreale, a large trough cut by erosion into the martian north polar cap and the layered material beneath the ice cap. The picture is a mosaic of two images acquired in January 2005 by the Mars Orbiter Camera on NASA's Mars Global Surveyor, using a resolution-enhancing technique called "compensated pitch and roll targeted observation." The camera team considers this the best pair of images yet acquired using that technique....
Topics: 8 Year Anniversary, What -- Polar, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mgs/gallery/PIA04296.html
NASA Images
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Fans and ribbons of dark sand dunes creep across the floor of Bunge Crater in response to winds blowing from the direction at the top of the picture. The frame is about 14 kilometers (9 miles) wide. This image was taken in January 2006 by the Thermal Emission Imaging System instrument on NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter and posted in a special December 2010 set marking the occasion of Odyssey becoming the longest-working Mars spacecraft in history. The pictured location on Mars is 33.8 degrees south...
Topics: What -- Crater, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What -- Mars, What -- 2001 Mars...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/504750main_pia13654b-full_full.jpg
NASA Images
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The MARIE instrument on the Odyssey orbiter will provide radiation data that is vital to the eventual human exploration of Mars. Radiation from cosmic rays can trigger cancer and cause damage to the central nervous system. The experiment will analyze potential radiation doses that would be experienced by future astronauts and determine the resulting health risks to them.
Topics: Slideshow: 01 - 2001 Mars Odyssey Slides, What -- Mars, What -- Cancer, What -- 2001 Mars Odyssey
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/slideshows/show01/s01-17.html
NASA Images
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A close-up view of the rock 'Moe' in the Rock Garden at the Pathfinder landing site. Moe is a meter-size boulder that, as seen from Sojourner, has a relatively smooth yet pitted texture upon close examination. Such a texture is seen on Earth on rocks that have been abraded by wind in a process that is analogous to sand blasting. This view of Moe shows two faces on the rock, one (left side of the rock) facing north-northeast and the other (right side) facing east. These two faces are thought to...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Earth, What -- STEREO, What -- Mars, What -- Discovery, Where -- Jet...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/martianterrain/PIA01564.html
NASA Images
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Artist's concept of the Phoenix Scout View the <a href="http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/newsroom/pressreleases/20030804a.html">press release of the Phoenix mission</a>
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Phoenix
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/spacecraft/phoenix.html
NASA Images
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The boulder-strewn field of red rocks reaches to the horizon nearly two miles from Viking 2 on Mars' Utopian Plain. Scientists believe the colors of the Martian surface and sky in this photo represent their true colors. Fine particles of red dust have settled on spacecraft surfaces. The salmon color of the sky is caused by dust particles suspended in the atmosphere. Color calibration charts for the cameras are mounted at three locations on the spacecraft. Note the blue starfield and red stripes...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Viking, What -- Mars, What -- Earth, What -- Camera 1, What -- Camera 2
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/martianterrain/PIA01522.html
NASA Images
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Mars Science Laboratory plans to launch in 2009.
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/spacecraft/msl.html
NASA Images
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Launch preparations of the 2001 Mars Oddysey at Kennedy Space Center.
Topics: What -- Mars, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/video/v-ksc-02-2001.html
NASA Images
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Launch preparations of the 2001 Mars Oddysey at Kennedy Space Center.
Topics: What -- Mars, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/video/v-ksc-03-2001.html
NASA Images
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This perspective view generated from digital topography provides an overview of a portion of the Mars terrain covered in the first color image of Mars from the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. It has a field of view 55 degrees wide, and no vertical exaggeration. The overview illustrates how the ridge has deformed several valleys and impact craters. The image is a subset of the first <a...
Topics: Calibration, What -- Mars, What -- High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/calibration/Release_01_3d_1x_layers1.html
NASA Images
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Keen sky watchers in Japan caught a quick glimpse of the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter as it sped through the sky on its path to the red planet. On Friday, August 12, 2005 sky watchers at the Kumamoto Civil Astronomical Observatory in Japan thought they might be seeing a comet or other unidentified object. The sighting turned out to be the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter streaking through the Pegasus constellation in the night sky. The streak appears at the top of this image in the center. The image,...
Topics: Calibration, What -- Mars, What -- Pegasus, What -- Constellation, What -- Atlas, What -- MRO,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/calibration/MRO_streak.html
NASA Images
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A small, lightweight camera aboard the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter could make the precise work of navigators even more accurate! Optical navigation involves using a camera or cameras on a spacecraft to take pictures of a target body or bodies during a mission. Those pictures are then used to determine the position of the spacecraft with respect to the target. "It's really watching where you're going by opening the spacecraft's 'eyes,' or cameras, and looking at the position of the target...
Topics: Cruise, What -- Mars, What -- Moon, What -- COMETS
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/cruise/nav-cam-Phobos_Deimos.html
NASA Images
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Frosty white water ice clouds and swirling orange dust storms above a vivid rusty landscape reveal Mars as a dynamic planet in this sharpest view ever obtained by an Earth-based telescope. NASA's Earth-orbiting Hubble Space Telescope took the picture on June 26, when Mars was approximately 43 million miles (68 million km) from Earth -- the closest Mars has ever been to Earth since 1988. Hubble can see details as small as 10 miles (16 km) across. The colors have been carefully balanced to give a...
Topics: Global Views of Mars, What -- Mars, What -- Earth, What -- Hubble Space Telescope (HST), What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/global/julymars0124.html
NASA Images
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NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander monitors the atmosphere overhead and reaches out to the soil below in this artist's depiction of the spacecraft fully deployed on the surface of Mars. Phoenix has been assembled and tested for launch in August 2007 from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla., and for landing in May or June 2008 on an arctic plain of far-northern Mars. The mission responds to evidence returned from NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter in 2002 indicating that most high-latitude areas on Mars...
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Phoenix Mars Lander, What -- Mars, What -- Phoenix, What -- Beam
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/spacecraft/Phoenix-Lander-on-Mars-hi-res-300-dpi.html
NASA Images
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The sharpest view of Mars ever taken from Earth was obtained by the recently refurbished NASA Hubble Space Telescope (HST). This stunning portrait was taken with the HST Wide Field Planetary Camera- 2 (WFPC2) on March 10, 1997, just before Mars opposition, when the red planet made one of its closest passes to the Earth (about 60 million miles or 100 million km). At this distance, a single picture element (pixel) in WFPC2's Planetary Camera spans 13 miles (22 km) on the Martian surface. The...
Topics: Global Views of Mars, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Earth, What -- Hubble...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/global/PIA01249.html
NASA Images
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The boxed-up Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter is loaded into a U.S. Air Force C-17 cargo plane during an unexpected spring snowstorm in Colorado. Credit: NASA/JPL
Topics: Launch, What -- Mars, Where -- Colorado
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/launch/Loading-in-C17_pre-launch.html
NASA Images
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This perspective view generated from digital topography provides an overview of a portion of the Mars terrain covered in the first color image of Mars from the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. It has a field of view 55 degrees wide, and no vertical exaggeration. The overview illustrates how the ridge has deformed several valleys and impact craters. The image is a subset of the first <a...
Topics: Calibration, What -- Mars, What -- High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/calibration/Release_01_3d_1x_layers1_zoom1.html
NASA Images
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The Mars Science Laboratory will be much larger than NASA's two Mars Exploration Rovers that began exploring the red planet in early 2004. Credit: NASA
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/gallery/spacecraft/MSLRoverConfig2.html
NASA Images
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Tracks left by NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity as it traveled along the rim of Victoria Crater can be seen clearly in this image taken by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft. This is a subframe of a larger image that the camera acquired on June 26, 2007. The larger image will be released as HiRISE catalogue number PSP_004289_1780 after geometric processing. Opportunity first approached Victoria Crater at an...
Topics: Press Release Images, What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), What -- Opportunity, What -- Crater,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/press/PSP_004289_1780_sub.html
NASA Images
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Mars Science Laboratory plans to launch in 2009.
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/gallery/spacecraft/MSL_ultra-hi-res-300dpi.html
NASA Images
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Viking Orbiter-Lander
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Viking
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/spacecraft/vikingorbiterlander.html
NASA Images
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Five years after leaving Florida for Mars, NASA's Mars Odyssey spacecraft is still orbiting the red planet, collecting scientific data and relaying communications from NASA's two Mars rovers to Earth. Images such as this spectacular, color view of sun-bathed, layered escarpments and wind-scalloped, basalt dunes in the solar system's largest canyon continue to beckon space explorers and guide the way for future missions. Basaltic dunes are common on Mars but rare on Earth. Rounded knobs and...
Topics: Latest Images, What -- Mars, What -- Earth, What -- Sun, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/latestimages/20060407.html
NASA Images
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This artist rendering shows the Mars Express spacecraft in orbit around Mars.
Topics: What -- Mars Express, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/artwork/marsexpress-orbit3.html
NASA Images
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Flight system manager Howard Eisen stands in front of the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter's protective fairing just days before the launch. The colorful mission logo is partially visible on the fairing. Credit: NASA/JPL
Topics: Launch, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/launch/Eisen_fairing.html
NASA Images
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This map shows the estimated lower limit of the water content of the upper meter of Martian soil. The estimates are derived from the hydrogen abundance measured by the neutron spectrometer component of the gamma ray spectrometer suite on NASA's Mars Odyssey spacecraft. The highest water-mass fractions, exceeding 30 percent to well over 60 percent, are in the polar regions, beyond about 60 degrees latitude north or south. Farther from the poles, significant concentrations are in the area bound...
Topics: What -- Spectrometer, What -- Gamma Ray Spectrometer Suite, What -- Mars, What -- Polar, What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/science/PIA04907.html
NASA Images
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MOC image of dunes in Chasma Boreale, a giant trough in the north polar cap. This September 1998 view shows dark sand emergent from beneath a veneer of bright frost left over from the northern winter that ended in July 1998. Photo Credit: NASA/JPL/Malin Space Science Systems
Topics: Polar Ice Caps, What -- Polar
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/polaricecaps/PIA02069.html
NASA Images
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The Mars Express spacecraft after release of the Beagle 2 lander. Credit: ESA
Topics: Mars Artwork, What -- Mars Express, What -- Beagle 2, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/artwork/31630.html
NASA Images
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A group of engineers and technicians watch as the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter is lifted in a cleanroom at Lockheed Martin in Littleton, Colorado during the orbiter's assembly, test and launch operations phase. Credit: NASA/JPL
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Mars, Where -- Colorado
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/spacecraft/MRO_in_LMA_pre-launch.html
NASA Images
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Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter project scientist Rich Zurek and HiRISE principal investigator Alfred McEwen field questions from reporters after a pre-launch press conference at Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Credit: NASA/JPL
Topics: Launch, What -- Mars, What -- High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), Where -- Kennedy...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/launch/Zurek_pre_launch_press_conf.html
NASA Images
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This artist rendering shows the Mars Express spacecraft in orbit around Mars.
Topics: What -- Mars Express, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/artwork/marsexpress-orbit4.html
NASA Images
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The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter lifted off this morning at 7:43 AM EDT from Launch Complex 41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida. The spacecraft is healthy and communicating with ground controllers and the team is overjoyed! Credit: JPL
Topics: Launch, What -- Mars, Where -- Florida, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/launch/Onlookers_3_ed.html
NASA Images
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After three days of stoic seriousness preparing for launch, Todd Bayer, Chief Engineer, and Dan Johnston, Deputy Mission Manager, crack their first smiles of relief and happiness in the Mission Support Area (MSA) at Jet Propulsion Laboratory during MRO's successful launch on August 12, 2005. Credit: NASA/JPL
Topics: Launch, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/launch/Dan_Johnston.html
NASA Images
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One Year on Mars:
Topics: Videos, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/video/2005.html
NASA Images
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This dramatic image shows a field of dark sand dunes in the Nili Patera region of Syrtis Major. The shapes of these dunes indicate that wind has been steadily transporting the dark sand from the right/upper right toward the lower left. This picture was taken on the first day of the MGS Mapping Phase during the second week of March 1999. It shows an area 2.1 kilometers (1.3 miles) wide at the full commanded resolution of 3 meters per pixel. Illumination is from the upper left. Photo Credit:...
Topics: Sand Dunes, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS)
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/sanddunes/PIA01675.html
NASA Images
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This map shows the thickness of the south polar layered deposits of Mars, an ice-rich geologic unit that was probed by the Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ionospheric Sounding (MARSIS). The MARSIS radar is an instrument on the European Space Agency?s Mars Express orbiter. The thickness of the layered deposits was determined by measuring the time delay between radar echoes from the surface and those from the lower boundary, or ?bed?, of the deposits. The radar data indicate that the...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Polar, What -- Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ionospheric...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/martianterrain/20070315_PIA09224-MARSIS_map_thick.html
NASA Images
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The Beagle 2 lander, to be carried on ESA's Mars Express, is equipped with a suite of instruments designed to look for evidence of life on Mars. Credit: ESA
Topics: Mars Artwork, What -- Beagle 2, What -- Mars Express, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/artwork/20030603a.html
NASA Images
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This artist rendering shows the Mars Express spacecraft in orbit around Mars. Credit: ESA
Topics: Mars Artwork, What -- Mars Express, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/artwork/35699.html
NASA Images
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Artist impression of Mars Express orbiter making a pass over the Martian surface at a lower point in its orbit. Credit: European Space Agency
Topics: Mars Artwork, What -- Mars Express, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/express/gallery/artwork/22_MEX_hovering_L0.html
NASA Images
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The designated landing site for the first Mars Exploration Rover mission is Gusev Crater, seen here in its geological context from NASA Viking images.
Topics: Craters, What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), What -- Crater, What -- Viking
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/craters/20030411a.html
NASA Images
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Details of the Meridiani Planum designated landing site are added with topographic information and higher-resolution imaging from instruments on the Mars Global Surveyor and Mars Odyssey orbiters.
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/martianterrain/20030411d.html
NASA Images
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One of the earliest observations made by the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) was that the upper crust of the planet appears to be layered to considerable depth. This was especially apparent, early in the mission, in the walls of the the Valles Marineris chasms. However, layered mesas and mounds within the Valles Marineris troughs were recognized all the way back in 1972 with Mariner 9 images. The MOC image presented here shows many tens of layers of several meters (yards)...
Topics: Dust Storms, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Mars, What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/duststorms/dustdev22may00.html
NASA Images
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The wide angle cameras of the Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) system onboard Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) are used every day to gather a global view of changes occurring in martian weather and surface frost patterns. Late in June 2001, as southern winter transitioned to spring, dust storm activity began to pick up as cold air from the south polar cap moved northward toward the warmer air at the martian equator. By early July, dust storms had popped up all over the planet, particularly throughout the...
Topics: Dust Storms, What -- Mars 2, What -- Surveyor, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/duststorms/20020508a_b.html
NASA Images
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These two views of Mars are derived from the MGS Thermal Emission Spectrometer (TES) measurements of global broadband (0.3 - ~3.0 microns) visible and near-infrared reflectance, also known as albedo. The range of colors are in dimensionless units. The values are the ratio of the amount of electromagnetic energy reflected by the surface to the amount of energy incident upon it from the sun (larger values are brighter surfaces). The TES instrument was built by Santa Barbara Remote Sensing and is...
Topics: Global Views of Mars, What -- Mars, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Thermal...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/global/PIA02816.html
NASA Images
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This spectacular picture of the Martian landscape by the Viking 1 Lander shows a dune field with features remarkably similar to many seen in the deserts of Earth. The dramatic early morning lighting- - 7:30 a.m. local Mars time--reveals subtle details and shading. Taken yesterday (August 3) by the Lander s camera #1, the picture covers 100Ê_ , looking northeast at left and southeast at right. Viking scientists have studied areas very much like the one in this view in Mexico and in California...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Viking 1 Lander, What -- Earth, What -- Mars, What -- Viking, What -- Sun,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/martianterrain/PIA00393.html
NASA Images
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This suite of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) pictures provides a vista of martian gullies on the northern wall of a 12 kilometer-(7.4 mile)-wide meteor impact crater east of the Gorgonum Chaos region on the red planet. The first picture (lower left) is a composite of three different high resolution MOC views obtained in 1999 and 2000. The second picture (lower right) shows the location of the high resolution views relative to the whole crater as it appeared in the highest...
Topics: Water Features, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Mars, What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/waterfeatures/PIA01038.html
NASA Images
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Red Rover Science Team Caption: "This picture is located in the equatorial region of Mars. In the bottom right there are valley-like formations present. This picture suggests that there are layers of sediment which could have been deposited by water flowing through this valley." The picture is a portion of Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) narrow angle image E01-00870. The picture, acquired February 14, 2001, is located at 5.2Ê_S, 227.3Ê_W, and is illuminated from...
Topics: Water Features, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/waterfeatures/E01-00870psub.html
NASA Images
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Each spring as the sun comes up over the polar regions, the seasonal frosts that have accumulated there during winter begin to sublime away. Dunes are among the first features to show spots and streaks resulting from the defrosting process. Unknown is whether the dark spots and streaks are sand (from the dune) that has been mobilized by wind, or frost that has become disrupted and coarse-grained (coarse grains of ice can look darker than fine grains). This Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars...
Topics: Sand Dunes, What -- Sun, What -- Polar, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/sanddunes/E17-01379_dunes.html
NASA Images
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One of the most profound discoveries that would not have been possible if NASA's Mars Global Surveyor mission had not been extended beyond its primary mission of one Mars year (687 Earth days) is that of dramatic changes that take place in the south polar residual ice cap each martian year. To make this discovery, the Mars Orbiter Camera on the spacecraft had to be employed during a second Mars year to repeat images of sites on the south polar cap that had been imaged during the primary...
Topics: 8 Year Anniversary, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Surveyor, What -- Earth,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mgs/gallery/PIA04295.html
NASA Images
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The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter over the martian landscape
Topics: Mars Artwork, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/artwork/MRO_image.html
NASA Images
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Two Earth years ago, NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Spirit touched down in Gusev Crater. The rover marked its first Mars-year (687 Earth days) anniversary in November 2005. Shortly before Spirit's Martian anniversary, the Mars Orbiter Camera on NASA's Mars Global Surveyor acquired an image covering approximately 3 kilometers by 3 kilometers (1.9 miles by 1.9 miles) centered on the rover's location at that time in the "Columbia Hills." "Husband Hill," the tallest in the range,...
Topics: Latest Images, What -- Earth, What -- Mars Exploration Rover (MER), What -- Spirit, What -- Crater,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mgs/gallery/PIA03253.html
NASA Images
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Scientists and engineers at the University of Arizona are gearing up to see the first test images of Mars taken by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera. The camera team expects to begin receiving the images early Friday (March 24, 2006). The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter will be farther from Mars when the camera takes these test images than it will be when the mission's main science phase begins next fall, so the resolution of features in the images will not match what...
Topics: Calibration, What -- Mars, What -- High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), Where --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/calibration/HiRISE_model.html
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Project Manager Jim Graf shakes the hand of Andrew Dantzler, Director of NASA's Solar System Division, after a successful orbit insertion on March 10, 2006. Fuk Li, Director of JPL's Mars Exploration Directorate stands next to Graf.
Topics: MOI, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/moi/mro-team.html
NASA Images
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A pod of dolphins plays in the Banana River in the early morning hours of August 11, 2005. The river separates the Kennedy Space Center from the launch pads at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in central Florida. The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter lifted off from Launch Complex 41 on August 12, 2005. Credit: NASA/JPL
Topics: Launch, What -- Mars, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Where -- Florida
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/launch/dolphins_2.html
NASA Images
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During a "wet dress rehearsal," the Atlas V rocket that will lift the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter was fired.ÊÜ Pre-liftoff operations were conducted and the rocket's engine was fueled. Credit: NASA
Topics: Launch, What -- Atlas, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/launch/wet_dress_1.html
NASA Images
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Observations by NASA's 2001 Mars Odyssey spacecraft show a global view of Mars in intermediate-energy, or epithermal, neutrons. Soil enriched by hydrogen is indicated by the deep blue colors on the map, which show a low intensity of epithermal neutrons. Progressively smaller amounts of hydrogen are shown in the colors light blue, green, yellow and red. The deep blue areas in the polar regions are believed to contain up to 50 percent water ice in the upper one meter (three feet) of the soil....
Topics: What -- 2001 Mars Odyssey, What -- Mars, What -- Polar, What -- Spectrometer, What -- Meridian,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/latestimages/20020528a.html
NASA Images
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On June 19, 2007, media visited JPL?s newly expanded outdoor Mars Yard where rovers train for future planetary missions. Visitors were treated to a test drive of the ?Scarecrow? rover. Scarecrow might still be missing its computer ?brains,? but it certainly showed off its monster appetite for large boulders, making easy work of traversing them. In early 2008, assembly of this hefty, hyper-capable rover will begin. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech
Topics: Spacecraft, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/msl/gallery/spacecraft/roveryard-20070619.html
NASA Images
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This image from the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter shows "Victoria crater," an impact crater at Meridiani Planum, near the equator of Mars. The crater is approximately 800 meters (half a mile) in diameter. It has a distinctive scalloped shape to its rim, caused by erosion and downhill movement of crater wall material. Layered sedimentary rocks are exposed along the inner wall of the crater, and boulders that have fallen from the crater...
Topics: Press Release Images, What -- High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), What -- Mars...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/press/rover-color-close-up2b.html
NASA Images
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Observations by NASA's 2001 Mars Odyssey spacecraft show a global view of Mars in high-energy, or fast, neutrons. These maps are based on data acquired by the high-energy neutron detector, one of the instruments in the gamma ray spectrometer suite. Fast neutrons, like epithermal neutrons, are sensitive to the presence of hydrogen. Unlike epithermal neutrons, however, they are not affected by the presence of carbon dioxide, which at the time of these observations covered the north polar area as...
Topics: What -- 2001 Mars Odyssey, What -- Mars, What -- FAST, What -- Gamma Ray Spectrometer Suite, What...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/latestimages/PIA03807.html
NASA Images
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A delicate pattern, like that of a spider web, appears on top of the Mars residual polar cap, after the seasonal carbon-dioxide ice slab has disappeared. Next spring, these will likely mark the sites of vents when the carbon-dioxide ice cap returns. This Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Orbiter Camera image is about 3-kilometers wide (2-miles). Credit: NASA/JPL/Malin Space Science Systems
Topics: What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What -- Polar, What -- Surveyor, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/martianterrain/SpiderWebPattern_img3.html
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2001 Orbiter Ops 3
Topic: 2001 Orbiter Ops 3
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/spacecraft/orbiterops3.html
NASA Images
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December 8, 2003 Remarkable layered deposits covering older, cratered surfaces near Mars' south pole dominate this mosaic of images taken by the camera on NASA's Mars Odyssey spacecraft between Nov. 8 and Nov. 26, 2003. The margin of these layered deposits appears to be eroding poleward, exposing a series of layers in the retreating cliff. The mosaic, stitched from eight visible-wavelength images from Odyssey's thermal emission imaging system, covers an area more than 325 kilometers (200 miles)...
Topics: What -- Mars, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What -- Crater, What -- Polar, What...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/science/PIA04910.html
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The name "2001 Mars Odyssey" was selected as a tribute to the vision and spirit of space exploration as embodied in the works of renowned science fiction author Arthur C. Clarke. Evocative of one of his most celebrated works, the name speaks to our hopes for the future and of the fundamental human desire to explore the unknown despite great dangers, the risk of failure and the daunting, enormous depths of space.
Topics: Slideshow: 01 - 2001 Mars Odyssey Slides, What -- 2001 Mars Odyssey, What -- Mars, What -- Spirit
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/slideshows/show01/s01-20.html
NASA Images
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These Mars Odyssey images show the "White Rock" feature on Mars in both infrared (left) and visible (right) wavelengths. The images were acquired simultaneously on March 11, 2002. The box shows where the visible image is located in the infrared image. "White Rock" is the unofficial name for this unusual landform that was first observed during the Mariner 9 mission in the early 1970's. The variations in brightness in the infrared image are due to differences in surface...
Topics: What -- Mars, What -- Mariner 9, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What -- Crater,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/martianterrain/PIA03862.html
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An upgraded Web site offers images from Mars as soon as they are received from the camera on NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter. It also has user-controlled navigation to scroll and zoom within selected images, plus a global map for finding images. <a href="http://www.asu.edu/news/stories/200510/20051013_THEMISwebsite.htm" target="_blank">Arizona State University news release</a> <a href="http://themis.asu.edu"...
Topics: Latest Images, What -- Mars
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/latestimages/20051014-ganges.html
NASA Images
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Seven very dark holes on the north slope of a Martian volcano have been proposed as possible cave skylights, based on day-night temperature patterns suggesting they are openings to subsurface spaces. These six excerpts of images taken in visible-wavelength light by the Thermal Emission Imaging System camera on NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter show the seven openings. Solar illumination comes from the left in each frame. The volcano is Arsia Mons, at 9 degrees south latitude, 239 degrees east...
Topics: Martian Terrain, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What -- Mars, What -- Dawn,...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/martianterrain/20070921_Cave_02.html
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Every time we send a spacecraft to Mars, our increasing technological capabilities bring us better and better data. THEMIS is designed as the follow-on to TES, a similar instrument on the Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft. THEMIS will provide 30 times the resolution of TES, down to a much finer scale. The Earth-orbiting Landsat spacecraft shows the Verde Valley, Arizona region at a resolution of 3 km (like TES) and at 100 m (like THEMIS).
Topics: Slideshow: 01 - 2001 Mars Odyssey Slides, What -- Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter (MGS), What --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/slideshows/show01/s01-15.html
NASA Images
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Image and animation credit: NOAA You might not often consider forecasts for other planets or stars. After all, they don't affect you, right? WRONG! Solar flares, or sudden bursts of energy from the Sun, can interrupt communication and electricity here on Earth. Guardians of in-flight spacecraft are especially sensitive to volatile solar forecasts since the emissions from our warm star can damage them severely. September 7, 2005 saw the fourth largest solar flare in the last 15 years! The Mars...
Topics: Cruise, What -- Sun, What -- Earth, What -- Mars, What -- MRO, Where -- Jet Propulsion Laboratory...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/cruise/solar-flare-20050907.html
NASA Images
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These Mars Odyssey images show layered deposits located on the floor of Ganges Chasma, part of the Valles Marineris canyon system, in both infrared (left) and visible (right) wavelengths. The images were acquired simultaneously by the thermal emission imaging system on March 17, 2002. The box shows where the visible image is located wthin the infrared image. The infrared image displays variations in surface temperature where bright tones indicate warmer surfaces and dark tones are cooler ones....
Topics: What -- Mars, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), What -- Sun, What -- 2001 Mars...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/canyons/PIA03861.html
NASA Images
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Looking like something out of a science fiction movie, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter team loaded 1,196 kilograms (2,637 pounds) of fuel onto the vehicle in one of the final steps before launch. Engineers and technicians in SCAPE suits (Self-Contained Atmospheric Protective Ensemble) loaded 1,196 kilograms (2,637 pounds) of high-purity hydrazine, bringing the spacecraft up to its flight mass of 2,180 kilograms (4,806 pounds). For safety reasons, photographers were not allowed in the Payload...
Topics: Launch, What -- Mars, What -- Deep Impact, Where -- Kennedy Space Center (KSC)
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/launch/MRO_Orb_Up_7_19.html
NASA Images
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This gamma ray spectrometer map centered on the north pole of Mars is based on gamma-rays from the element hydrogen. In this region, hydrogen is mainly in the form of water ice. Regions of high ice content are shown in red and those low in ice content are shown in blue. The very ice-rich region at the north pole is due to a permanent polar cap of water ice on the surface. Elsewhere in this region, the ice is buried under several to a few tens of centimeters of dry soil. The sub-surface ice is...
Topics: What -- Spectrometer, What -- Mars, What -- Polar, What -- 2001 Mars Odyssey, Where -- Jet...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/odyssey/gallery/latestimages/PIA04254.html
NASA Images
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This view shows a full-resolution portion of the first image of Mars taken by the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment camera (HiRISE) on NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. The spacecraft, launched Aug. 12, 2005, began orbiting Mars on March 10, 2006. The image is of an area in Mars' mid-latitude southern highlands. HiRISE took this first test image from orbit on March 24, 2006, from an altitude of 2,489 kilometers (1,547 miles), achieving a resolution of 2.49 meters (98 inches) per...
Topics: Calibration, What -- Mars, What -- High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE), Where --...
Source: http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/calibration/pia08013-AEB1-cut-full1.html
NASA Images
by NASA
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Humanity is a very visual species. We rely on our eyes to tell us what is going on in the world around us. Put any image in front of a person and that person will examine the picture looking for anything familiar. Even if the examiner has no idea what he/she is looking at in a picture, he/she will still be able to make a statement about the picture, usually preceded by the words ''it looks like...'' The image above is part of the surface of Mars, but is presented for its artistic value rather...
Topics: What -- Mars, What -- 2001 Mars Odyssey, What -- Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS), Where --...
Source: http://www.nasa.gov/images/content/504670main_pia05462b-full_full.jpg