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Mendeley Climate Change Library

To support vital research being carried out into climate change, Mendeley has created the Climate Change Library – a collection of over 5,000 articles published across 412 Elsevier journals in 2018 and 2019. The articles are freely available until the end of 2019 for all existing and new Mendeley users to download and read.


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Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Makgalake P. Radingoana; Timothy Dube; Margaret H.N. Mollel; Josephine M. Letsoalo
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Greywater reuse has been adopted worldwide as an alternative source to freshwater and has been found to contribute to the household food supply. In this study, we assess the greywater reuse for home gardening in two rural communities (Ga-Seroka and Ga-Nkwana) in Limpopo Province, South Africa, using a mixed methods approach (Qualitative and Quantitative). A total of 95 and 87 households were randomly selected in Ga-Seroka and Ga-Nkwana villages, respectively. Field surveys from the selected...
Topics: Food security, Fruit trees, Greywater, Home gardening, Livelihoods, Rural communities, Vegetables,...
The extreme and variable environment shapes the functioning of Arctic ecosystems and the life cycles of its species. This delicate balance is now threatened by the unprecedented pace and magnitude of global climate change and anthropogenic pressure. Understanding the long-term consequences of these changes remains an elusive, yet pressing, goal. Our work was specifically aimed at identifying which biological processes impact Arctic planktonic ecosystem functioning, and how. Ecological Network...
Topics: Amundsen Gulf, Arctic, ENA, Ecosystem functioning, Food web, Linear inverse modeling, Sensitivity...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by M. Iturbide; J. Bedia; S. Herrera; J. Baño-Medina; J. Fernández; M. D. Frías; R. Manzanas; D. San-Martín; E. Cimadevilla; A. S. Cofiño; J. M. Gutiérrez
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Climate-driven sectoral applications commonly require different types of climate data (e.g. observations, reanalysis, climate change projections) from different providers. Data access, harmonization and post-processing (e.g. bias correction) are time-consuming error-prone tasks requiring different specialized software tools at each stage of the data workflow, thus hindering reproducibility. Here we introduce climate4R, an R-based climate services oriented framework tailored to the needs of the...
Topics: CMIP5, Climate indices, Climatic change, Downscaling, NetCDF-java, Open science
The steadily growing aquaculture industry has been blamed for increasing environmental impacts at local and global levels. The greatest increase in production is expected for freshwater fish, such as carp and related species. Decisions on sustainable environmental management strategies in aquaculture should be based on quantitative analyses of their environmental impacts. In this study, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology was employed to compare the environmental impacts of conventional and...
Topics: Fish farming, Food production, LCA, Sustainability, Sustainable development
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by An Thi Ngoc Dang; Subrata Nandy; Ritika Srinet; Nguyen Viet Luong; Surajit Ghosh; A. Senthil Kumar
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Forest biomass is one of the key measurement for carbon budget accounting, carbon flux monitoring, and climate change studies. Hence, it is essential to develop a credible approach to estimate forest biomass and carbon stocks. Our study applied Sentinel-2 satellite imagery combined with field-measured biomass using Random Forest (RF), a machine learning regression algorithm, to estimate forest aboveground biomass (AGB) in Yok Don National Park, Vietnam. A total of 132 spectral and texture...
Topics: Forest biomass, Random Forest, Sentinel-2, Spectral variables, Texture variables, Variable...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by A. Gracia; Nelson Rangel-Buitrago; Judith A. Oakley; A. T. Williams
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With a global increase in coastal development, together with increasing storminess and continuing sea level rise, coastal erosion has become a serious problem along a significant percentage of coastlines of many countries. Coastal erosion and shoreline management plans are often implemented on an action-reaction and post-disaster basis, resulting in installation of hard engineering structures, such as, groins, seawalls, revetments, gabions and breakwaters. These hard stabilization structures...
Topics: Ecosystems, Engineering, Management, Protection
Global climate change is one of the most prominent and complex environmental problems caused by increasing concentrations of atmospheric greenhouse gases. Rice paddies are an important anthropogenic source of nitrous oxide (N2O), a greenhouse gas approximately 298 times stronger than carbon dioxide. Identifying a suitable mitigation method for N2O emissions from rice agriculture, while maintaining optimum crop productivity is strongly needed. A 2-year field study was conducted on rice to assess...
Topics: Nitrous oxide, Plant growth regulator, Stomatal frequency, Transpiration, Xylem vessel size
The source region of the Yellow River (SRYR) is greatly important for water resources throughout the entire Yellow River Basin. Streamflow in the SRYR has experienced great changes over the past few decades, which is closely related to the frozen ground degradation; however, the extent of this influence is still unclear. In this study, the air freezing index (DDFa) is selected as an indicator for the degree of frozen ground degradation. A water-energy balance equation within the Budyko...
Topics: Budyko framework, Frozen ground degradation, Source region of the Yellow River, Streamflow change,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sunil Kumar Sansaniwal; Vashimant Sharma; Jyotirmay Mathur
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The overuse of fossil fuels in real life applications has caused their rapid depletion and fast climate change due to global warming and thus access to eco-friendly energy resources has become essential to meet the growing demand of clean energy. With this view, solar energy has proven to be an effective alternative and clean source of energy for the sustainable development of the society worldwide. Solar energy is a cheap, abundant and everlasting source of renewable energy and thus it can be...
Topics: Concentrated solar energy, Energy and exergy analyses, Solar cooking, Solar energy, Solar...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Laila Hossain; Sumit Kanti Sarker; Mohidus Samad Khan
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The textile sector has been an important part of Bangladesh's (BD) economy over the past few decades. In Bangladesh, the textile sector currently has an export value of nearly 28 billion USD per year which contributes about 82% of the country's total export earnings. It is projected that the annual ready-made garment (RMG) export value will be about 50 billion USD per year by 2021. However, the growth of Bangladeshi RMG sector is associated with different environmental issues, mostly caused by...
Topics: Pollution load, Textile, Untreated effluent, Wastewater impacts
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Liping Ye; Jinglan Hong; Xiaotian Ma; Congcong Qi; Donglu Yang
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Ceramic tiles are important building materials, but their production consumes large amounts of energy and raw materials and causes serious pollution. In this study, a cost combined life cycle assessment is conducted to quantify the environmental and economic impacts of ceramic tile production from cradle to gate and identify the key substances and processes to eliminate production issues. Results show that marine ecotoxicity, climate change, terrestrial ecotoxicity, human toxicity, and fossil...
Topics: Ceramic tile, Life cycle assessment, Life cycle costing, Life cycle inventory, Process-based...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Julian F. Cacho; Mohamed A. Youssef; Jami E. Nettles; Wei Shi; George M. Chescheir; R. Wayne Skaggs; Shiying Tian; Zakiya H. Leggett; Eric B. Sucre; Consuelo Arellano
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Biofuels derived from lignocellulosic materials is one of the options in addressing issues on climate change and energy independence. One of the most promising bioenergy crops is switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), particularly in North America. Future advancement in large-scale conversion of lignocellulosic feedstocks and relatively more competitive price for biomass and other economic advantages could lead to landowners opting to venture on switchgrass monoculture (SWITCH) in lieu of loblolly...
Topics: Biofuel, Biomass, Managed forests, Soil N cycling, Soil N dynamics, Switchgrass
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Muhammad Wajid Ijaz; Rasool Bux Mahar; Altaf Ali Siyal; Muhammad Naveed Anjum
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Sea level rise (SLR) in response to looming climate change is being considered as a major impediment to coastal areas. Acute wave activities and tidal propagations of semi-diurnal to mixed type are impairing the morphology of the Indus Delta in Pakistan. In this study a synthetic approach has been adopted using multi sensor satellite and ground data in order to integrate the individual effect of topography, oceanic activities and vegetative canopy for deduction of a synergic impact over the...
Topics: Satellite imagery, Sindh coast
Von Hoerner (“Population Explosion and Interstellar Expansion,” Journal of the British Interplanetary Society, 28, 691–712, 1975; hereafter VH75) examined the effects of human population growth and predicted agricultural, environmental, and other problems from observed growth rate trends. Using straightforward calculations, VH75 predicted the “doomsday” years for these scenarios (≈2020–2050), when we as a species should run out of space or food, or induce catastrophic...
Topics: Anthropocene, Astrobiology, Climate change, Fermi paradox, SETI, Sustainability
The topographical heterogeneity of mountain landscapes and the associated species turnover over short distances should prompt us to examine the relationships between climate and mountain plant distribution at a much finer scale than is commonly done. Here, I focused on the root zone temperature experienced by low-stature perennial-dominated plant communities of temperate mountains, which are seasonally covered by snow. Based on the analysis of multi-annual recordings of ground temperatures...
Topics: Alpine, Freezing degree days, Root zone temperature, Snow cover, Thermal niche, Vegetation dynamics
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by V. Malathy Devi; Robert R. Gamache; Bastien Vispoel; Candice L. Renaud; D. Chris Benner; Mary Ann H. Smith; Thomas A. Blake; Robert L. Sams
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A Bruker IFS-120HR Fourier transform spectrometer located at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in Richland, Washington was used to record a series of spectra of pure H2O and air-broadened H2O in the regions of the ν1 and ν3 bands (3450–4000 cm−1) at different pressures, temperatures and volume mixing ratios of H2O in air. Eighteen high-resolution, high signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio absorption spectra were recorded at T = 268, 296 and 353 K using two temperature-controlled...
Topics: Air-broadening, H2O, Relaxation matrix element coefficients, Spectral line shapes, Speed...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zhiqiang Li; Yulun Zhou; Bingcheng Wan; Qinxin Chen; Bo Huang; Yuanzheng Cui; Hopun Chung
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One of the most concerning consequences arising from the dramatic urbanization in cities is air stagnation and the related high concentration of air pollutants. Many studies have investigated the impact of urbanization on air stagnation, but few have systematically evaluated such impact and its spatial-temporal variances at the municipal scale. This study proposed an approach based on high-resolution urban climate simulations for evaluating the impact of urbanization on air stagnation. We took...
Topics: China, Land use change, Urban air pollution, Urban climate change, Urban planning, WRF/Noah...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by V. S.C. Tunn; N. M.P. Bocken; E. A. van den Hende; J. P.L. Schoormans
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Combining sustainable consumption with the circular economy concept could help tackle challenges, such as resource scarcity and climate change by reducing resource throughput and increasing cycling of products and materials within the economic system, thereby reducing emissions and virgin material use. To achieve sustainable consumption in a circular economy production and consumption practices need to change. Business models can potentially influence both practices as it defines how a company...
Topics: Business model, Circular economy, Clothing industry, Expert interview, Sufficiency, Sustainable...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Amedeo Argentiero; Carlo Andrea Bollino; Silvia Micheli; Constantin Zopounidis
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Environmental policy measures to reduce greenhouse gases emission to mitigate climate change are common practice in many developed countries, encompassing both technology-push measures and demand-pull measures. The effectiveness of such policies continues to need investigation, especially when shortsighted measures lead to suboptimal investments in the absence of a credible government commitment. The aim of this paper is to assess the effectiveness of a comprehensive strategy for renewable...
Topics: Fossil fuels, Knowledge capital, Monetary subsidy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Despite rising calls for social science knowledge in the face of climate change, too few sociologists have been engaged in the conversations about how we have arrived at such perilous climatic circumstances, or how society can change course. With its attention to the interactive dimensions of social order between individuals, social norms, cultural systems and political economy, the discipline of sociology is uniquely positioned to be an important leader in this conversation. In this paper I...
Topics: Anthropocene, Climate change, Ecological imagination, Interdisciplinarity, Social organization of...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mirko Di Febbraro; Manuela D'Amen; Pasquale Raia; Davide De Rosa; Antoine Guisan
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The prevailing method for estimating the potential impact of future climate change on biological communities is to stack binary predictions from species distribution models (binary stacked species distribution models, bS-SDM). However, it has been argued that bS-SDM may overestimate species richness and, hence, community composition. Alternative approaches, such as SESAM ('spatially Explicit Species Assemblage Modelling’), explicitly incorporate limits to species richness, preventing...
Topics: Community ecology, MEM, SDM, SESAM framework, Species distribution models
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change projections foresee an increasing number of intense precipitation events with consequent flash and riverine floods. An accurate and rapid mapping of these phenomena is a key component of effective emergency management and disaster risk reduction plans. Earth Observation big data such as the ones acquired by the Copernicus programme, are providing unprecedented opportunities to detect changes and assess economic impacts in case of disasters. This paper presents an innovative flood...
Topics: Flood index, Flood mapping, Multi-temporal statistics, SAR
Coastal communities are threatened by the impact of severe storms that may cause significant loss or damage of property and life. The main processes causing such impacts at sandy coastlines and nearby coastal communities are storm erosion, overwash and inundation. Coastal response under present conditions and under predicted climate change has been frequently assessed on the basis of numerical models, which in turn can be also used to evaluate the effectiveness of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR)...
Topics: Bayesian network, Coastal barriers, Disaster risk reduction measures, Early warning systems, Hazard...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Environmental UV radiation in sufficient doses, as a possible consequence of climate change, is potent enough to affect living organisms with different outcomes, depending on the exposure life stage. The aim of this project was to evaluate the potentially toxic effects of exposure to sub-lethal and environmentally relevant doses of UVA (9.4, 18. 7, 37.7 J/cm2) and UVB radiation (0.013, 0.025, 0.076 J/cm2) on the development and behaviour in early life stages (4.5–5.5 h post fertilization,...
Topics: Heart rate, Lipid peroxidation, Locomotor, ROS, UV, Zebrafish
The design of low-rise commercial building envelopes is mainly driven by functional large volumes, and low-cost and lightweight materials that often present weak thermal performances. Thermal and visual comfort is a key parameter for these buildings’ purpose, but poor envelope designs have significant consequences on the high-energy demand for HVAC and artificial lighting systems. Considering the resources outside the building envelope for both cooling and heating seasons, this study aims to...
Topics: Building energy performance, Building envelope design optimization, Cool roof, Low-rise commercial...
Buildings are big consumers of energy and materials, and important producers of waste and emissions. Prefabrication presents an opportunity to reduce impacts in the building sector; however, few studies have focused on prefabricated houses and with contradictory findings. The main goal of this article is to assess the embodied energy (EE) and greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) of a prefabricated modular house, based on a modular system to enable different layouts. A “cradle-to-site” analysis...
Topics: Climate change, Embodied energy (EE), Life-cycle assessment (LCA), Offsite construction,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Due to the finite resources of fossil fuels and their role as the most important factor in air pollution and climate change, the use of renewable energy sources is the best solution to meet the power requirements. One of the appropriate technologies in terms of energy saving and power generation with high efficiency is using the cogeneration of heat and power in which renewable fuels are used instead of fossil fuels. In the present work, a cogeneration system, consisting of a gas turbine cycle...
Topics: Anaerobic digester, Cogeneration system, Exergo-economic analysis, Mixing ratio
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yanling Du; Wei Song; Qi He; Dongmei Huang; Antonio Liotta; Chen Su
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Oceanic eddies are ubiquitous in global oceans and play a major role in ocean energy transfer and nutrients distribution, thus being significant for understanding ocean current circulation and marine climate change. They are characterized by a combination of high-speed vertical rotations and horizontal movements, leading to irregular three-dimensional spiral structures. While the ability to detect eddies automatically and remotely is crucial to monitoring important spatial–temporal dynamics,...
Topics: Deep learning, Eddy detection, Feature fusion, Remote sensing, SAR images
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mohan B. Dangi; Ram P. Chaudhary; Kedar Rijal; Peter D. Stahl; Shashidhar Belbase; Kenneth G. Gerow; Deanna Fernandez; Binod Pyakurel
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To understand local perceptions of the impacts of environmental change in two mountain districts of Nepal — Myagdi and Mustang — between 2010 and 2014, a survey, focus groups, town hall meetings, and extensive consultation with local stakeholders were conducted, supplemented by analyses of soil, rainfall, and temperature data. Mountain people in Nepal shared their perceptions of environmental change in their everyday lives, including agricultural practices and tourism activities. While...
Topics: Annapurna Conservation Area, Climate change in the Nepalese Himalayas, Kali Gandaki River,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by L. Coppola; D. Coffetti; E. Crotti; G. Gazzaniga; T. Pastore
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The concrete industry is the largest consumer of natural resources and the Portland cement, the binder of modern concrete mixtures, is not environmentally friendly. The world's cement production, in fact, contributes to the earth's atmosphere about 5–7% of the total CO 2 emissions, CO 2 being mainly responsible for global warming and climate change. As a consequence, concrete industry in the future has to feed the growing population needs – expected to rise up to ten billion in 2050 - being...
Topics: Sustainability, Sustainability index, Waste management
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Geofrey Gabiri; Constanze Leemhuis; Bernd Diekkrüger; Kristian Näschen; Stefanie Steinbach; Frank Thonfeld
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A combination of climate change, food demand, population growth, and other driving forces are causing land use and land cover change (LULC) in wetlands of Sub Saharan Africa (SSA). This has a profound effect on water resources, thus it is imperative that such consequences arising from these changes are predicted accurately to support land use management. For that, local scale studies are required to understand the system and to perform scenario analysis. The focus of this study was on small...
Topics: Soil and water assessment tool, Water balance, Wetland degradation, Wetland-catchment interaction
Shallow-water marine invertebrates living near the upper limits of their thermal tolerances are uniquely susceptible to climate warming. This is particularly the case for species that occur in geographic regions where larval dispersal or adult migration to cooler waters is not an option. This scenario aptly describes populations of the seagrass-associated sea urchin Lytechinus variegatus inhabiting the northern Gulf of Mexico where northward movement is restricted by a coastline. In the present...
Topics: Climate change, Echinoid, Gulf of Mexico, Magnesium calcite, Ocean acidification, Temperature
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Tek Narayan Maraseni; Trishna Singh Bhandari; Armando Apan; Hwan Ok Ma; R. S. Rawat; Nemit Verma; Su Mon San; Thaung Naing Oo; Kinley Dorji; Sindhu Dhungana; Mohan Poudel
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Community-based forest management systems (CBFMS) are becoming increasingly popular in developing countries where 31% of the total forest is either managed or owned by the community. This paper presents the results of a four-country study conducted in 2017 in Nepal, Bhutan, India and Myanmar concerning the governance quality of CBFMS. The introduction outlines the global threat to forests, the contribution that forest-based emissions make to climate change, and the policy response of the...
Topics: Bhutan, Community forestry, India, Indicators, Myanmar, Nepal, Quality of governance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Solomon Asfaw; Antonio Scognamillo; Gloria Di Caprera; Adriana Ignaciuk
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This article investigates the empirical linkages between crop and livelihood diversification strategies, extreme weather events, and household welfare using a unique dataset that integrates harmonized, national representative household surveys and geo-referenced climatic information collected in Malawi, Niger and Zambia. In doing so, the paper addresses the potential endogeneity arising from the selection bias and the heterogeneity of the effect across the quantiles of the income distribution....
Topics: Climate change, Diversification, Impact, Livelihood strategy, SSA
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by B. M. Jakosky; D. Brain; M. Chaffin; S. Curry; J. Deighan; J. Grebowsky; J. Halekas; F. Leblanc; R. Lillis; J. G. Luhmann; L. Andersson; N. Andre; D. Andrews; D. Baird; D. Baker; J. Bell
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Observations of the Mars upper atmosphere made from the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) spacecraft have been used to determine the loss rates of gas from the upper atmosphere to space for a complete Mars year (16 Nov 2014 – 3 Oct 2016). Loss rates for H and O are sufficient to remove ∼2–3 kg/s to space. By itself, this loss would be significant over the history of the planet. In addition, loss rates would have been greater early in history due to the enhanced solar EUV and...
Topics: Atmosphere, Magnetospheres, Mars, Mars atmosphere, Mars climate, Solar wind
Exploring the effects of orographic events and climatic shifts on geographic distribution of organism in the Hengduan Mountains Region (HMR) and its eastern adjacent area is crucial to the understanding of the environmental changes to organismal evolution. To gain further insight into these processes, we reconstruct evolutionary history of ten species in Allium section Sikkimensia, distributed across regions abovementioned. Using chloroplast and nuclear sequence variation of 79 populations of...
Topics: Allium section Sikkimensia, Environmental changes, Hengduan Mountains Region, Morphological...
Climate is changing at an unprecedented rate with impacts being felt in social and ecological systems around the world. Opportunities for building climate resilience of the social-ecological system surrounding freshwater areas are assessed using the aquatic monitoring and reporting programs of Muskoka River Watershed (Ontario, Canada) as a case study. A three-step study design was used: establishment of a knowledge baseline (i.e., what has been done), confirmation of the baseline to ensure...
Topics: Watershed monitoring, Watershed reporting
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Instilling climate policy with stability has emerged as a central concern in both the academic literature and societal discourse around climate change. Societal actors have called for stable climate policy to enable low-carbon investment; decisionmakers have sought to provide credible signals; and scholars have developed insights to inform “stickier” instrument design. However, given the sources of instability confronting climate policy and the transformative changes entailed by...
Topics: Climate policy, Low-carbon transitions, Path dependence, Pathways, Policy feedback, Policy...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Shifting cultivation (jhum) and forest land are the main land uses in North Eastern region of Indian Himalaya, but in the long term this form of agriculture is not acceptable due to the soil degradation following the cutting of forest vegetation, and the consequent biodiversity loss, high erosion rates and nutrient loss through runoff. No information on soil organic carbon (SOC) dynamics and simulation studies are available, so an attempt was done using RothC model. The model was parameterized...
Topics: Climate change, Forests, Jhum land, North Eastern Himalaya of India, RothC, Soil organic carbon
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by José A. Aznar-Sánchez; Juan F. Velasco-Muñoz; Luis J. Belmonte-Ureña; Francisco Manzano-Agugliaro
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In recent decades, the scarcity of water resources, the deterioration of aquatic ecosystems and associated repercussions for other ecosystems have become major global challenges. In this context, research on water ecosystem services has become increasingly important. The objective of this work is to analyse the evolution of this line of research worldwide for the period 1998–2017. A bibliometric analysis showed that this line of research has been gaining relevance within the ecosystem...
Topics: Bibliometric analysis, Ecosystem services, Scientific research, Scopus, Water
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Laura Batlle-Bayer; Alba Bala; Isabel García-Herrero; Elodie Lemaire; Guobao Song; Rubén Aldaco; Pere Fullana-i-Palmer
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This study assesses the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions and the nutritional quality of the current food consumption and losses of an average Spanish citizen, and compares them with two alternative diets: one following the Spanish dietary guidelines (The NAOS Strategy; NAOS), and another one based on the Mediterranean (MED) diet. The diet-related GHG emissions of current eating patterns would be reduced by 17% and 11%, when shifting to the NAOS and MED diets, respectively, and even more (42% and...
Topics: Climate change, Diet, Greenhouse gas emissions, Impact reduction, LCA, Nutrition
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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As a crucial source of runoff in headwater regions, seasonal snowmelt plays an important role in ensuring water availability downstream, particularly during low flow periods. As the major constituent of China's water towers, the headwater region of the Yangtze River (HRYR) provides water to hundreds of millions of people downstream. Therefore, accurately simulating snowmelt is critical to developing a better understanding of the hydrological processes, which would, in turn, benefit water supply...
Topics: Headwaters of the Yangtze River, Hydrological consistency, Snow cover area, Snow water equivalent,...
The Chesapeake Bay outflow plume (CBOP) is the mixing zone between Chesapeake Bay and less eutrophic continental shelf waters. Variations in phytoplankton distribution in the CBOP are critical to the fish nursery habitat quality and ecosystem health; thus, an existing hydrodynamic-biogeochemical model for the bay and the adjacent coastal ocean was applied to understand the nutrient and phytoplankton variability in the plume and the dominant environmental drivers. The simulated nutrient and...
Topics: Chesapeake Bay outflow plume (CBOP), Nutrient limitation, Phytoplankton, River discharge, Winds
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Julio C. Tafolla-Arellano; Reginaldo Báez-Sañudo; Martín Ernesto Tiznado-Hernández
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In recent years, there has been a major increase in the commercialization of horticultural crops in response to population increase. However, several important factors associated with pre- and post-harvest conditions, including drought stress, pathogen infection, water loss and climate change are limiting the commercialization potential of many horticultural crops, thereby compromising agricultural sustainability. The cuticle, which is composed of cutin and waxes, provides a critical structural...
Topics: Biosynthesis, Biotic and abiotic stress, Crops, Cuticle, Quality
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Azra Alikadic; Ilaria Pertot; Emanuele Eccel; Claudia Dolci; Amelia Caffarra; Riccardo De Filippi; Cesare Furlanello
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Simulations of the effect of climate change on the phenology of grapevines indicate shorter growing seasons, earlier occurrences of phases and shorter phase duration in the future. The impact varies depending on the geo-localization of the studied region and its microclimate. The objective of this study is to further understand the impact of climate change on grapevine phenology by studying the role of varieties and microclimates through a regional assessment carried out in two future periods...
Topics: Climate change, Grapevine, Micro climate, Modelling, Phenology, Vine
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Haixin Chen; Linchao Li; Xiaoqi Luo; Yi Li; De Li Liu; Ying Zhao; Hao Feng
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Covering soils using mulch can increase crop productivity in dryland agriculture. However, there remains large uncertainty regarding impacts of mulching on nitrous oxide (N 2 O) emissions, especially under climate change (increases in air temperature and atmospheric CO 2 concentration and changes in precipitation). In this study, we applied a biogeochemical model, DeNitrification-DeComposition (DNDC), to predict impacts of different mulching practices on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and maize...
Topics: Biogeochemical modeling, Climate change, Crop yield, Mulching, N 2 O emission
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Carla Leite; Vanda Oliveira; Alexandra Lauw; Helena Pereira
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Climate scenarios in the Mediterranean region predicts raising temperatures and more frequent and extreme drought conditions. Cork oak is a Mediterranean species with a large distribution in Portugal from which cork is extracted in a sustainable way and mainly used as the raw material for cork stoppers and insulating materials. To study the response of cork oak to drought and the effect of phellogen age on that response we examined cork growth from a 30-year chronology of trees from 12 sites in...
Topics: Climate change mitigation, Dendrochronology, Dendroecology, Pointer years, Quercus suber,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lanyu Li; Zhiyi Yao; Siming You; Chi Hwa Wang; Xiaonan Wang
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To tackle the increasing global energy demand the climate change problem, the integration of renewable energy and negative emission technologies is a promising solution. In this work, a novel concept called “negative emission hybrid renewable energy system” is proposed for the first time. It is a hybrid solar-wind-biomass renewable energy system with biochar production, which could potentially provide energy generation, carbon sequestration, and waste treatment services within one system....
Topics: Biochar, Gasification, Hybrid renewable energy system (HRES), Negative emission technologies...
Unusually warm or cool weather has a short-term influence on public opinion of “global warming.” This paper extends this idea by showing that both regional climate (average long-term temperature) and seasonal variation in average temperature predict variation in public skepticism about global warming. Analyses of both polling data and Google search volume data show that in regions with colder climates (both U.S. states and nations), there is more public skepticism about global warming. The...
Topics: Climate, Climate change, Culture, Global warming, Public opinion
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Thapat Silalertruksa; Shabbir H. Gheewala
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Agriculture is a key economic sector for developing countries confronting challenges on the overexploitation of land and water resources for food and biofuels crop production. Sugarcane is recognized as a promising crop serving both food and bioenergy needs that are being promoted leading to expansion of the plantation areas. The study assesses the land-water-energy nexus of irrigated and non-irrigated sugarcane production systems in the Chao Phraya and Chi watersheds of Thailand using carbon...
Topics: Climate change, Energy, Land, Nexus, Sugarcane, Water
In Denmark, the conventional method for treating sewage sludge is mechanical dewatering and subsequent storage. However, sludge treatment reed bed systems, which are holistic sludge treatment facilities combining the dewatering, mineralisation and storage of sludge, have been more common during the last three decades. Treatment of sludge in a sludge treatment reed bed system can be combined with post-treatment (further dewatering and mineralisation) on a stockpile area. This study aimed to...
Topics: Climate change, Environmental impact, Eutrophication, Nitrogen, Sewage sludge
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Sigrún Dögg Eddudóttir; Egill Erlendsson; Guðrún Gísladóttir
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10.1016 j.quascirev.2018.07.017
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by Patrick V. Mangili; Yuri P.D.M. Souza; Diego Q.F. de Menezes; Lizandro S. Santos; Diego M. Prata
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The evaluation of environmental parameters of industrial processes plays a fundamental role in reducing not only their ecological impacts but also the costs associated with plant operations. In this regard, this work aims to evaluate, through eco-indicators and with the aid of computational simulation, the energy consumption, the CO2 emissions and the water consumption of three different acetone-methanol separation plants, namely, Pressure Swing Distillation, Conventional Extractive...
Topics: Acetone, Eco-efficiency, Eco-indicators, Methanol, Process simulation
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An endogenous growth model with a simple climate system is used to examine the potential impacts of climate change on the capital-to-net income ratio and the net of depreciation share of income to capital, a measure of wealth concentration and income distribution between capital and labour respectively, over the next two centuries. If climate change only directly affects production, as usually assumed, the capital-to-net income ratio will increase as compared to what it would be in the absence...
Topics: Climate change, Economic growth, Wealth
South Asia is the world's most poverty-dense region, where climate change and climate variability are expected to result in increased heat stress and erratic precipitation patterns that affect agricultural productivity. Considerable evidence has been generated on the effects of these stresses on crop yield, though previous research has not yet examined their influence on the economic efficiency of cereal producers. Surveying 240 farmers across eight of Pakistan's twelve agro-ecological zones,...
Topics: Climate change, Climate services, Economic efficiency, Quantile regression, Rice-wheat system,...
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Models are useful tools for predicting the impact of global change on species distribution and abundance. As ectotherms, fish are being challenged to adapt or track changes in their environment, either in time through a phenological shift or in space by a biogeographic shift. Past modelling efforts have largely been based on correlative Species Distribution Models, which use known occurrences of species across landscapes of interest to define sets of conditions under which species are likely to...
Topics: Aerobic scope, Conservation biology, Dynamic Energy Budget, Fish, Species distribution
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Renisson Neponuceno de Araújo Filho; Maria Betânia Galvão dos Santos Freire; Bradford Paul Wilcox; Jason Brossard West; Fernando José Freire; Flávio Adriano Marques
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Caatinga forests occupy an area of around one million km2 in the semiarid region of northeast Brazil. These landscapes are undergoing rapid change because of accelerated deforestation for cultivation and firewood. The capacity of Caatinga forests to regenerate after clearing determines the magnitude of the carbon (C) sink in the soil, and thus is fundamental information for developing management policies for long-term sustainability. The objective of this study was to investigate C stocks and...
Topics: Degradation, Organic matter, Semiarid forests, Sustainability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Brian Alan Johnson; Rajarshi Dasgupta; André Derek Mader; Henry Scheyvens
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Forest conservation is a key component of multilateral environmental agreements related to biodiversity conservation (Convention on Biological Diversity; CBD)) and climate change (UN Framework Convention on Climate Change; UNFCCC), and ambitious national commitments are essential to the implementation of these agreements. To understand the relationships between developing countries’ different forest conservation commitments/policies made under the CBD and UNFCCC, here we proposed a policy...
Topics: Deforestation, Ecosystem services, Forest reference level, NBSAP, Policy scenario analysis,...
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by Zia ul-Haq; Asim Daud Rana; Salman Tariq; Khalid Mahmood; Muhammad Ali; Iqra Bashir
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We have applied regression analyses for the modeling of tropospheric NO 2 (tropo-NO 2 ) as the function of anthropogenic nitrogen oxides (NO x ) emissions, aerosol optical depth (AOD), and some important meteorological parameters such as temperature (Temp), precipitation (Preci), relative humidity (RH), wind speed (WS), cloud fraction (CLF) and outgoing long-wave radiation (OLR) over different climatic zones and land use/land cover types in South Asia during October 2004–December 2015. Simple...
Topics: Air pollution, Climate change, OMI, Regression analysis
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Climate change and sea level variation during the Quaternary shaped the southernmost Santa Catarina's Coastal Plain and its landscape, promoting vegetation changes and different geomorphological features that resulted in the formation of sand barriers, relocation of fluvial channels, lagoons and rivers. In this context, prehistoric occupation of the territory took place through different migratory events over the Holocene. This study presents a palaeoenvironmental reconstruction of the last...
Topics: Holocene, Palaeoenvironmental evolution, Palaeopalynology, Prehistoric settlements
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by James Hansen; Pushker Kharecha
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Near-universal recognition of the threat of human-caused global warming, tragically, has not been accompanied by comprehensive quantitative assessment of technological options for mitigating climate change. In this issue of Joule, David W. Keith and co-authors describe a process of capturing CO2 from the air and provide a much-needed empirical cost estimate based on results from a pilot plant. Estimated costs, exceeding $100 per ton of CO2 without including the cost of CO2 storage, are lower...
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by Valentin Melnikov; Valeria V. Krzhizhanovskaya; Michael H. Lees; Peter M.A. Sloot
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Thermal comfort of people in outdoor urban spaces is a growing concern in cities due to climate change and urbanization. In outdoor settings the climate and behavior of people are more dynamic than in indoor situations, therefore a steady state of the thermoregulatory system is rarely reached. Understanding the dynamics of outdoor thermal comfort requires accurate predictive models. In this paper we extend a classical two-node model of human body thermal regulation. We give a detailed...
Topics: Human body thermal regulation, Outdoor thermal comfort, System dynamics, Two-node model
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by M. O. Birlain-Escalante; J. M. Islas-Samperio; F. Manzini-Poli; G. K. Grande-Acosta
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In 2014, the Mexican Chemical Industry (MCI) energy consumption represented 13.5% of the industrial sector total consumption (211 PJ), being the industry with the second highest greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions in Mexico with 13.8 MtCO 2e . This article shows that in the medium and long term it is feasible to transform the MCI into a low-carbon industry. To prove this hypothesis, two scenarios are constructed in terms of the MCI's final energy uses: a business as usual (BAU) scenario and an...
Topics: Energy efficiency, Mexican chemical industry, Mitigation cost, Renewable energies
City authorities, community groups and retrofit installers need to identify suitable local areas and dwellings for installing energy retrofit measures. This paper presents a localised Geographical Information System (GIS) based approach that utilizes publicly-available national and local datasets on housing and energy to provide targeted low carbon measures across UK cities. The study uses a rapid city-level energy assessment approach to spatially identify suitable neighbourhoods for particular...
Topics: Cities, Climate change, Energy demand, GIS, Housing, Mass retrofit
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shuyang Ma; Yang Liu; Jianchao Li; Caihong Fu; Zhenjiang Ye; Peng Sun; Haiqing Yu; Jiahua Cheng; Yongjun Tian
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Located at the margin of the Northwest Pacific Ocean, the Yellow Sea (YS) and East China Sea (ECS) marine ecosystems are mainly influenced by the Kuroshio and its branches. In addition to decadal changes in their marine environments, the YS and ECS have been impacted by intensive fishing at both the species- and community-levels, leading to over-exploitation of commercial species and changes in species composition and trophic structure. The dual effects of overfishing and climate change on the...
Topics: Biotic community, Chinese waters, Climatic changes, Ecosystems, Long-term changes, Regime shifts
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by Sara González-Delgado; Cataixa López; Alberto Brito; Sabrina Clemente
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Rising ocean temperatures as consequence of climate change has led to increased populations of species with tropical affinities, generating a tropicalization process of the biota. In this sense, an increase in populations of the zoanthids Palythoa canariensis and Zoanthus sp. is expected for the Canary Islands being able to change local habitats and biodiversity. Within this study the potential of these species to modify the composition of their associated fauna in intertidal pools of the...
Topics: Biodiversity, Ecosystem engineers, NE atlantic, Palythoa canariensis, Tropicalization, Zoanthus sp.
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With rapid urbanization and economic growth, many developing countries have faced a greater share of air pollutants in recent years. An increasing number of exposure studies on air pollutants have been reported lately. However, due to lack of strict regulations and monitoring stations among developing countries, such as Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, limited air pollution and exposure assessment studies have been conducted in this region. Thus, the objective of this critical review...
Topics: Air pollutants, Air quality, Climate change, Exposure assessment, Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC),...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Rosa Freitas; Francesca Coppola; Silvana Costa; Carlo Pretti; Valentina Meucci; Amadeu M.V.M. Soares; Montserrat Solé
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Little is known about the consequences of exposure to pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in elevated temperatures associated with climate change. To increase the knowledge on this topic, Mytilus galloprovincialis mussels were exposed to 1.0 μg/L of either the antimicrobial Triclosan (TCS) or the anti-inflammatory drug Diclofenac (DIC), at control (17 °C) and 4 °C raised (21 °C) temperatures for 28 days. Triclosan and DIC concentrations in the water and tissues were...
Topics: Biomarkers, Bivalves, Climate change, Mytilus galloprovincialis, Personal care products,...
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by Barbara Bertozzi; Beatrice Pulvirenti; Renato R. Colucci; Silvana Di Sabatino
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Motivated by progressive climate-change influence on ice degradation in caves, in this paper we present a novel methodology to investigate the link between air dynamics and ice melting. Specifically, we use surveys available for the Leupa ice cave (LIC), located in the Canin-Kanin group in the southeastern Alps and a general purpose computational fluid dynamics model (CFD). Detailed numerical simulations are evaluated on the basis of well-established approaches that consider domain, grid,...
Topics: CFD approach, Climate change, Heat transfer, Ice cave, Ice melting
The transition of residential energy markets following liberalisation has enhanced the development of new marketing strategies in order to increase consumers’ activity in the market, as well as to satisfy current climate change policies. This work explores the relationship between consumer preferences for energy services and participation in loyalty programs as a new marketing strategy in competitive energy markets. A conceptual framework of membership in loyalty program options is developed...
Topics: Consumer preference heterogeneity, Integrated energy services, Loyalty programs, Multinomial...
International forest governance is being established and implemented and influences national forest policies and strategies and international relationships among countries. International forest-related negotiations, including climate change, desertification, and biodiversity pressure states to respond to environmental and forest issues. States cooperate to achieve the shared goals of forest resource management. Bilateral forest cooperation is one way to implement agreements made by the global...
Topics: Accountability, Agreement, Bilateral cooperation, Reciprocity, Regime
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yun Yang; Zhenchen Wang; Yueqing Xie; Behzad Ataie-Ashtiani; Qiankun Luo; Gan Chen; Qi Zhang; Jianfeng Wu; Jinguo Wang; Jichun Wu
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Various natural and anthropogenic factors affect the formation of gleyed soil. It is a major challenge to identify the key hazard factors and evaluate the dynamic evolutionary process of soil gleyization at a regional scale under future climate change. This study addressed this complex challenge based on regional groundwater modelling for a typical agriculture region located in the Ganjiang River Delta (GRD) of Poyang Lake Basin, China. We first implemented in-situ soil sampling analysis and...
Topics: Climate change, Groundwater depth, Numerical modeling, Poyang Lake, Soil gleyization
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by Younho Song; Eun Jin Cho; Chan Song Park; Chi Hoon Oh; Bok Jae Park; Hyeun Jong Bae
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Climate change due to global warming has led to the expansion of deciduous forests. Increased product yields from hardwood provide an opportunity for the exploitation of biomass resources, such as bioethanol. In this study, the enzymatic hydrolysis of various hardwoods pretreated using the hydrogen peroxide–acetic acid (HPAC) method was evaluated. Glucose and xylose were fermented sequentially to improve the bioethanol production from hardwood. The HPAC pretreatment significantly reduced...
Topics: Bioethanol, HPAC pretreatment, Hardwood, SHF, SSF
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mingxin Zhou; Guoyong Yan; Yajuan Xing; Fei Chen; Xin Zhang; Jianyu Wang; Junhui Zhang; Guanhua Dai; Xingbo Zheng; Wenjing Sun; Qinggui Wang; Tong Liu
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Decreased precipitation and increased anthropogenical by derived nitrogen (N) are important climate change factors that alter the availability of soil water and N which are crucial to root function and morphological traits. However, these factors are seldom explored in forests. To clarify how altered precipitation and N addition affect the uptake of organic and inorganic N by fine roots, a field hydroponic experiment using brief 15 N exposures was conducted in a temperate forest in northern...
Topics: Decreased precipitation, Nitrogen addition, Nitrogen uptake, Root plasticity, Temperate forest
This article is concerned with the interaction of international, regional and national policy on climate change and sustainability, and the implications of these policy dimensions for planning. With the scientific consensus pointing to unequivocal human influence on the ecosystem, the issue of how best to manage climate change and ecological sustainability is arguably now a matter for economic, political, policy and planning domains. However, despite the warnings of scientists that ‘business...
Topics: Climate change, Crisis, Economy, Planning, Policy, Techno-finance fix