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Mendeley Climate Change Library

To support vital research being carried out into climate change, Mendeley has created the Climate Change Library – a collection of over 5,000 articles published across 412 Elsevier journals in 2018 and 2019. The articles are freely available until the end of 2019 for all existing and new Mendeley users to download and read.


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Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Haixin Chen; Linchao Li; Xiaoqi Luo; Yi Li; De Li Liu; Ying Zhao; Hao Feng
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Covering soils using mulch can increase crop productivity in dryland agriculture. However, there remains large uncertainty regarding impacts of mulching on nitrous oxide (N 2 O) emissions, especially under climate change (increases in air temperature and atmospheric CO 2 concentration and changes in precipitation). In this study, we applied a biogeochemical model, DeNitrification-DeComposition (DNDC), to predict impacts of different mulching practices on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and maize...
Topics: Biogeochemical modeling, Climate change, Crop yield, Mulching, N 2 O emission
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The paper assesses evidence concerning the effects of transportation's black carbon emissions on climate change, public health, and food production; and it discusses policy issues posed by the emissions. Black carbon emission mitigation policies at all levels offer significant potential climate, health, and food co-benefits, and they are attractive in terms of economic cost-effectiveness and political feasibility. The paper presents an analysis of regulatory issues in maritime shipping and...
Topics: Black carbon, Policies, Regulation, Soot, Transportation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Built environment changes the radiative, thermal and hydrological properties of the land surface creating higher temperature over urban regions known as the Urban Heat Island (UHI), enhancement of precipitation and warm season thunderstorms causing flash flooding, and intensification of pollutant concentrations in urban regions. Rapid urbanization and climate change are expected to exacerbate urban surface effects on health, economy and the environment. It is therefore necessary to study the...
Topics: Dynamic urban fraction, Sensible and latent heat fluxes, Urban canopy, Urban climate, Urban energy...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Gil Won Kim; Jeong Gu Lee; Jessie Gutierrez-Suson; Muhammad Israr Khan; Seung Tak Jung; Pil Joo Kim
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In temperate mono-rice paddy fields, rice is cultivated for 100–140 days under submerged conditions during the summer period, and thereafter, the field remains under dry conditions during the winter and spring seasons. However, the early developed nitrous oxide (N 2 O) emission factor (EF) was only based on seasonal (rice cropping period) N 2 O fluxes, which resulted in lower N 2 O EF than the default value (0.3%) used by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Furthermore, the...
Topics: Fallow season, N 2 O flux, Nitrogen, Rice, Urea
Declines in native insect pollinator populations and substantial losses in managed honey bees have been reported on a global scale and become a widespread concern because of the importance of these insects for human food production and ecosystem stability. Several potential factors have been studied as possible causes of declining pollinator health, such as parasites and pathogens, exposure to agricultural pesticides, habitat loss and/or climate change. More recently, a combination of these...
Topics: Encapsulation response, Environmental stress, Honey bee health, Nosema apis, Thiamethoxam
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Juliano Morais; Aline P.M. Medeiros; Bráulio A. Santos
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Coral reefs have long inspired marine ecologists and conservationists around the world due to their ecological and socioeconomic importance. Much knowledge on the anthropogenic impacts on coral species has been accumulated, but relevant research gaps on coral ecology remain underappreciated in human-modified seascapes. In this review we assessed 110 studies on coral responses to five major human disturbances– acidification, climate change, overfishing, pollution and non-regulated tourism...
Topics: Acidification, Climate change, Cnidaria, Human disturbance, Overfishing, Pollution, Tourism
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by L. L. Loseto; C. Hoover; S. Ostertag; D. Whalen; T. Pearce; J. Paulic; J. Iacozza; S. MacPhee
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Two Arctic Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) (Tarium Niryutait and Anguniaqvia niqiqyuam) have been established in the Western Canadian Arctic, including the first in the Arctic, with conservation objectives directed to protect and maintain healthy beluga (Delphinapterus leucas) populations. The MPAs support the continued access of Inuvialuit (Western Arctic Inuit) to harvest beluga whales for food security and cultural purposes. The land claim and co-management framework for the Inuvialuit...
Topics: Ecosystem, Indicator, Indigenous knowledge, Inuvialuit, Management plans, Marine
Climate variability is not a new challenge for coastal communities. However, because climate variability is manifesting with more extreme climate impacts, occurring with greater frequency and with more intensity, the necessity for adaptation to minimize risk is becoming more pronounced. Though this is true of coastal communities around the globe, it is an acutely important concern for coastal communities in high northern latitudes, where the impacts of climate change are occurring at a...
Topics: Climate change policy, Climate resilience, Climate stressors, Key informants, Urban planning
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Santiago Fernández-Rodríguez; Pablo Durán-Barroso; Inmaculada Silva-Palacios; Rafael Tormo-Molina; José María Maya-Manzano; Ángela Gonzalo-Garijo; Alejandro Monroy-Colin
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Airborne grass pollen is the main cause of allergenic diseases in many parts of the world although its frequency differs regionally. This risk could be included in the context of urban air pollution and climate change as environmental hazard and factors provoking allergies. The main objective of this study is to construct a local statistical forecasting model that takes the peculiarities of the daily average grass airborne pollen concentrations from an urban area placed in a city in the SW of...
Topics: Airborne natural risk, Allergy, Environmental modelling, Grass pollen, Time series analysis
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Allene Macabuhay; Alireza Houshmandfar; James Nuttall; Glenn J. Fitzgerald; Michael Tausz; Sabine Tausz-Posch
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Increasing atmospheric CO2 concentration [CO2] drives the rise in global temperatures, with predictions of an increased frequency of heat waves (short periods of high temperatures). Both, CO2 and high temperature, have profound effects on wheat growth and productivity. We tested whether elevated [CO2] (eCO2) has a potential to ameliorate the effects of simulated heat waves (HT) on wheat in a dryland cropping system. Wheat was field-grown at the Australian Grains Free Air CO2 Enrichment (AGFACE)...
Topics: Carbohydrate metabolism, Climate change, Grain quality, Grain yield, Photosynthesis, Triticum...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Patricio I. Cano; Joan Colón; Martín Ramírez; Javier Lafuente; David Gabriel; Domingo Cantero
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Biogas desulfurization can be carried out by physical-chemical or biological technologies. Biological technologies are generally described as more environmentally friendly than physical-chemical techniques, although it is difficult to find studies in which the associated environmental burdens are compared. Therefore, the aim of the work described here was to perform a life cycle assessment to compare the environmental impact of four common desulfurization technologies for hydrogen sulfide...
Topics: Biogas, Desulfurization, Economic analysis, Energy recovery, Life-cycle assessment
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Climate change projections foresee an increasing number of intense precipitation events with consequent flash and riverine floods. An accurate and rapid mapping of these phenomena is a key component of effective emergency management and disaster risk reduction plans. Earth Observation big data such as the ones acquired by the Copernicus programme, are providing unprecedented opportunities to detect changes and assess economic impacts in case of disasters. This paper presents an innovative flood...
Topics: Flood index, Flood mapping, Multi-temporal statistics, SAR
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Bruno Colling Klein; Mateus Ferreira Chagas; Tassia Lopes Junqueira; Mylene Cristina Alves Ferreira Rezende; Terezinha de Fátima Cardoso; Otavio Cavalett; Antonio Bonomi
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The use of renewable jet fuel (RJF) in substitution to fossil jet fuel is one of the main initiatives towards the reduction of impacts derived from carbon emissions by airline operations. This study compares different routes for RJF production integrated with sugarcane biorefineries in Brazil. Eight scenarios with sugarcane mills annexed to three ASTM−approved RJF production technologies, i.e. Hydroprocessed Esters and Fatty Acids (HEFA), Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis (FT), and Alcohol to Jet...
Topics: Biomass, Biorefinery, Life cycle analysis, Renewable jet fuel, Sugarcane, Techno-economic assessment
Despite the heightened urgency of curbing carbon emissions around the world, the healthcare sector in general, and the pharmaceutical sector in particular have received very little attention from the sustainability community in terms of their contribution to the global carbon footprint. In this paper, we conduct an analysis of the overall contributions and the historical emissions trends of the pharmaceutical sector, as well as an industry-specific comparative analysis of the major...
Topics: Climate change, Emission intensity, Emissions reduction, Greenhouse gas emissions, Paris agreement,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Gatien N. Falconnier; Etienne Pascal Journet; Laurent Bedoussac; Anthony Vermue; Florent Chlébowski; Nicolas Beaudoin; Eric Justes
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Faba bean (Vicia Faba L.) is the second most widely grown grain legume in Europe after pea (Pisum Sativum L.) and presents several agronomic and environmental advantages when inserted in cropping systems (e.g. decreased dependency on synthetic fertilisers and N provision to the subsequent crop). However, yield variability due to several factors including heat and drought impede wide adoption of faba bean by farmers. Soil-crop models provide quantitative information to evaluate these processes...
Topics: Abiotic stresses, Parameter estimation, Yield variability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Yanling Du; Wei Song; Qi He; Dongmei Huang; Antonio Liotta; Chen Su
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Oceanic eddies are ubiquitous in global oceans and play a major role in ocean energy transfer and nutrients distribution, thus being significant for understanding ocean current circulation and marine climate change. They are characterized by a combination of high-speed vertical rotations and horizontal movements, leading to irregular three-dimensional spiral structures. While the ability to detect eddies automatically and remotely is crucial to monitoring important spatial–temporal dynamics,...
Topics: Deep learning, Eddy detection, Feature fusion, Remote sensing, SAR images
The interaction between agriculture, particularly intensive greenhouse horticulture, and climate, is of dual nature. The resources required to produce crops, such as fossil fuel, affect climate change (CC), which, in turn, will backfire with altered growing conditions in the future. For instance, phenomena like heat waves and severe droughts would significantly affect management of protected cultivation systems, which would require adaptation processes. This puts greenhouse vegetable producers...
Semiconductor-based photocatalytic CO 2 conversion is a promising and sustainable avenue in response to the anthropogenic climate change and imminent energy crisis, which however is unavoidably impeded by the limited photo-absorption, undesirable recombination of photogenerated charge carriers and insufficient surface active sites on semiconductors. In this study, all these challenges were overcome by selectively and chemically assembly of oxygen-deficient Bi 2 WO 6 nanosheets onto BiOI...
Topic: p-n heterojunction
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Javad Seyedmohammadi; Fereydoon Sarmadian; Ali Asghar Jafarzadeh; Mohammad Ali Ghorbani; Farzin Shahbazi
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Cultivation priority planning is a very important and vital step in suitable and sustainable revenue of agricultural land. The growth of urban areas and industrial intensification has contributed to a reduction in valuable agricultural lands and to various environmental impacts including climate change. This reduction in agricultural land severely impacts food production and food security. In order to effectively address this issue, spatial analytical and optimization methods based on...
Topics: Cultivation priority, Fuzzy AHP, Fuzzy TOPSIS, SAW, TOPSIS
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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The faulty notion that population size is a fundamental driver of scarcity undergirds discourses of demographic trends as both threats and burdens. This claim of population-induced scarcity builds on well-worn “overpopulation” narratives which are often simplistic and repetitive: the finite planet and its natural resources cannot support the overly large and growing global population. In this article, we analyze three interrelated discourses that portray contemporary demographic trends as...
Topics: Degradation narrative, Demographic dividend, Malthus, Population ageing, Youth bulge
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Shuangwen Yi; Xusheng Li; Zhiyong Han; Huayu Lu; Jinfeng Liu; Jiang Wu
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Loess deposits in Xiashu are representative of such deposits in Southeastern China that are mainly distributed in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River valley. These loess-paleosol sequences provide a key archive of past climate change in humid, subtropical regions. However, the ages of the sequences are not well constrained. In this study, the standard quartz single-aliquot regenerative (SAR) dose optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and K-feldspar post-infrared infrared...
Topics: Loess, Luminescence dating, Post-IR IRSL, Quartz OSL, Southeastern China
A new Late glacial-Holocene palaeoenvironmental record from near Lago Lynch (53°54′S, 69°26′W), Tierra del Fuego is presented. The record was sampled from a mire located within the deciduous Nothofagus forest-steppe ecotone and pollen and spore analysis suggest a high degree of vulnerability of past vegetation to changes in effective moisture. AMS radiocarbon dating supplemented by the application of tephrochronology including the geochemical fingerprinting of six visible and cryptotephra...
Topics: Southern beech, Tephrochronology
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by José Rodríguez-Algeciras; Abel Tablada; Mabel Chaos-Yeras; Guillermo De la Paz; Andreas Matzarakis
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The combined effect of climate change and Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect is leading to a rise in air temperature in urban areas, including those with heritage value. Urban morphology and its effect on sun shading conditions in tropical cities is crucial to reduce UHI and improve outdoor thermal comfort. This paper presents a temporal-spatial analysis of the effect of courtyards geometry on their outdoor thermal conditions in a warm-humid climate. The assessment is based on numerical simulations...
Topics: Courtyard geometry, Mean radiant temperature, Solar radiation, Thermal comfort, Tropical...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Qi Zhao; Yi Zhao; Shanshan Li; Yajuan Zhang; Qingan Wang; Huiling Zhang; Hui Qiao; Wuping Li; Rachel Huxley; Gail Williams; Yuhong Zhang; Yuming Guo
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Background The association between temperature and cardio-respiratory disease in urban areas has been widely reported but there is limited information from populations living in rural areas that may be disproportionately affected by climate change. Objectives To quantify the associations between daily temperature and clinical visits due to cardiovascular and/or respiratory disease in rural villages in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China over 2012–2015. Methods Daily data on clinical...
Topics: Ambient temperature, Cardio-respiratory diseases, Distributed lag non-linear model, Rural China
In recent years, the climate funds stood out as tool to counter the climate change and its environmental impact financing adaptation. Moreover they represent an instrument to promote practices to support the developing countries in their path towards the sustainability. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effectiveness of the introduction of policies implementing the use of climate funds. To reach it we analyze the funds received by the recipient through a counterfactual analysis. The...
Topics: Climate finance, Counterfactual analysis, Economic growth, Renewable energy sources
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jordan N. Minigan; Heather A. Hager; Andrew S. Peregrine; Jonathan A. Newman
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The American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis) is medically and economically important in North America. This species is found across central and eastern North America from the Gulf Coast of Mexico through southern Canada. In parts of this region, D. variabilis is a vector for pathogens that cause diseases in humans and animals. Our aim was to determine whether climate change would affect the distribution of the climatically suitable area for D. variabilis in North America, to aid monitoring...
Topics: Climate change, Dermacentor variabilis, Species distribution model
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mariusz Gałka; Marta Szal; Tanja Broder; Julie Loisel; Klaus Holger Knorr
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High-resolution plant macrofossil records were examined alongside geochemical analysis (non-destructive X-Ray fluorescence and carbon stable isotopes), pollen, and micro-charcoal data of an ombrotrophic mountain peatland located in the Harz Mountains, central Germany, Europe. We hypothesize that increased deposition of dust and pollutants across the bog surface causes changes in habitat conditions, which in turn lead to shifts in moss-dominated communities. We observe that increases in the...
Topics: Carbon isotopes, Deforestation, Human impact, Sphagnum succession, XRF
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Zhongjue Yu; Yong Geng; Hancheng Dai; Rui Wu; Zhiqing Liu; Xu Tian; Raimund Bleischwitz
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It is critical to adapt to climate change and reduce the overall carbon emissions. China announced its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) at the Paris climate conference in 2015. The carbon cap-and-trade scheme, which plays a key role in carbon emissions abatement, is an effective policy for China to achieve its NDC. This study focuses on the allocation of regional and sectoral initial carbon emission allowances in Shanghai. An impact evaluation on the macro-economy, carbon trading...
Topics: Allowance allocation, Computable general equilibrium model, Emission trading scheme, Shanghai,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Risk assessment must evolve for addressing the existing and future challenges, and considering the new systems and innovations that have already arrived in our lives and that are coming ahead. In this paper, I swing on the rapid changes and innovations that the World that we live in is experiencing, and analyze them with respect to the challenges that these pose to the field of risk assessment. Digitalization brings opportunities but with it comes also the complexity of cyber-phyiscal systems....
Topics: Business continuity, Condition monitoring-based risk assessment, Cyber-physical systems, Dynamic...
The aim of this work was to highlight the main ecological predictors driving invertebrate distribution in eight glacier-fed streams in the Southern Alps. Thirty-five sites belonging to four stream types were sampled monthly during the ablation season of one, two or three years between 1996 and 2014. Taxa from glacial (kryal and glacio-rhithral) and non-glacial (kreno-rhithral and lake outlet) sites were separated by canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) along a glacial influence gradient and...
Topics: Diamesa spp., Ecological threshold, Glacial index, Glacier recession, Kryal, North-east Italy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Horizontal challenges, such as climate change or the growing populations, and their manifestations require the development of multidisciplinary research synergies in urban health that could benefit from concepts, such as the human exposome. Cities are composed of interconnected systems which are influenced, by global trends, national policies and local complexities. In this context, the exposome concept could be expanded having the city setting in its core, providing the conceptual framework...
Topics: Cities, Climate change, Disparities, Environment, Exposome, Indicators, Metabolomics, Monitoring,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Qingpeng Yang; Weidong Zhang; Renshan Li; Wenhui Zheng; Jinyan Yang; Ming Xu; Xin Guan; Ke Huang; Longchi Chen; Qingkui Wang; Silong Wang
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The effect of carbohydrate supply on stem CO 2 efflux and its temperature sensitivity is crucial in predicting forest carbon cycling under climate change and forest management but has been rarely reported. In this study, we altered carbohydrate supply via stem girdling and investigated the effect of nonstructural carbohydrate concentration on stem CO 2 efflux and its temperature sensitivity in Chinese fir and sweetgum trees in spring and winter. The stem CO 2 efflux of Chinese fir increased...
Topics: Cunninghamia lanceolata, Liquidambar formosana, Nonstructural carbohydrate, Q 10, Stem respiration,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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While the “Movius Line” may no longer represent a valid cultural division between Early and Middle Pleistocene hominins in South and Southeast Asia, it still offers a useful geographical and ecological window into changing processes of colonization by different members of the genus Homo. In this paper, we initially review the palaeoenvironmental and cultural record associated with Homo erectus and Homo floresiensis to argue for a relatively homogeneous adaptive strategy utilized by hominins...
Topics: Homo, Homo sapiens, Plasticity, Rainforests
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Antonio C. de la Casa; Gustavo G. Ovando; Guillermo J. Díaz
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Apart from modifying the total amount of rain, another emerging impact of global warming on the rainfall regime could be an increase in the frequency and intensity of events, as well as their greater variability over time and space. The objectives of this work were to evaluate the long-term climatic variation of the precipitation regime in the central region of Argentina, determining the intensity and nature of the changes, and also examining the two typical modalities of representing the trend...
Topics: Climate change, Linear model, Periodic model, Rainfall regime, Trend
The valorization of CO2 has gained increasing interest in the scientific and industrial communities during the last decades with intensive research devoted to CO2 capture, sequestration and utilization. This is because the greenhouse gas emission has become a serious concern to face the global climate change and that efficient solutions are required to reduce the carbon footprint. Up to now the chemical transformation of CO2 into fuels and target molecules has been mainly investigated by using...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Rapid environmental changes occurring in the Arctic nearshore are expected to have significant effects on food web structures. Land-fast ice cover limits the effectiveness of monitoring methods during winter months, precluding understanding of how seasonal Arctic nearshore food webs operate. Tissue-dependent stable isotope analysis (SIA) offers an efficient and cost-effective approach to monitoring changes in food webs during ice-covered months but requires controlled laboratory experiments to...
Topics: Food web, Isotopic routing, Lipid correction, Stable isotope analysis, Trophic enrichment factor
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Ju Young Shin; Taereem Kim; Jun Haeng Heo; Joon Hak Lee
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Rainfall erosivity is one of the key parameters in Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE), which has been used to predict the amount of soil loss by water for 50 years. Investigating spatial and temporal trends in rainfall erosivity is important for soil and water conservation planning. Rainfall erosivity (the R factors) in many regions is expected to be altered due to changes in rainfall patterns related to rainfall intensity and the frequency and spatial distribution of storm events that may...
Topics: Correlation analysis, Erosivity density, Rainfall erosivity, Spatial analysis, Trend test
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Lyla Mehta; Amber Huff; Jeremy Allouche
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Scarcity is a dangerous idea and has long been a totalising discourse in resource politics and mainstream economics. A large body of work has critiqued the naturalisation of scarcity in discourses of environmental change, and has highlighted problems in how scarcity is conceptualised and the ways in which scarcities are socially and politically generated. Despite this, the ‘scarcity postulate’ – an assumed mismatch between infinitely expanding human desires and finite means to realise...
Topics: Anthropocene, Capitalism, Environmental change, Inequality, Land grabbing, Limits, Natural...
When climate change policies are implemented in practice, they travel through the hands of a range of practitioners who not only mediate but also potentially transform climate interventions. This article highlights the role of a group of actors whose practices have so far received little attention in the study of climate change governance, namely the public servants who are responsible for the everyday implementation of national climate change policies and associated programmes on the ground....
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Zambia
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Danielle F. Lawson; Kathryn T. Stevenson; M. Nils Peterson; Sarah J. Carrier; Renee Strnad; Erin Seekamp
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Complex environmental problems are typically resolved after the public is no longer willing to accept their risks and demands change (i.e., Reflexive Modernization). Notable examples include responses to the ozone hole and acid deposition. In the case of climate change, however, the politicization of the issue can result in adults ignoring the risks and accepting the status quo (i.e., Anti-Reflexivity). Although strategies such as strategic framing have seen some successes, new methods are...
Topics: Anti-reflexivity thesis, Children, Reflexive modernization
Increased global competition in the agricultural sector is rapidly changing the structure of farms and farming. As the number of small and diversified farms (often family-owned) decreases, the number of large and specialized farms (often corporate-owned) is increasing. In this transformation, the agricultural sector is more and more concerned with strategy, innovation, and competition in the effort to be more productive and more profitable. At the same time, the sector faces demands that it...
Topics: 5S, Agriculture, Green Lean, Lean tools, Value stream mapping
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Aurélie Penaud; William Hardy; Clément Lambert; Fabienne Marret; Thomas Servais; Raffaele Siano; Mélanie Wary; Kenneth Neil Mertens
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Dinoflagellates are part of the marine plankton and about 200 species produce a cyst (dinocyst) during their life cycle, these organic-walled sexually-produced cysts being fossilizable in sediments for hundreds of millions of years. Over the past 40–50 years, dinocysts have led to major advances on Mesozoic-Cenozoic research, in terms of biostratigraphy and paleogeogeography. Dinocyst taxonomy has then been continuously revised, with the tabulation being the main morphological link between...
Topics: Ancient DNA, Biostratigraphy, Cyst-motile stage relationship, Dinoflagellate, Modern dinocyst...
This paper investigates the determinants of carbon emissions based on energy consumption, analyzing the data of 30 countries using nuclear energy for the period 1990–2014. Renewable energy and nuclear energy consumption are adopted as determinants, and real coal price and real GDP are used as additive variables. The panel cointegration analysis and Granger causality tests are conducted to investigating the relationship among the variables. First, the panel cointegration test results suggest...
Topics: Panel analysis, Renewable energy
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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A prominent increase in the moon jellyfish (genus Aurelia) populations has been observed since 1980 in two semi-enclosed temperate seas: the northern Adriatic Sea and the Inland Sea of Japan. Therefore, we reviewed long-term environmental and biotic data from the two Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) sites, along with the increase in the moon jellyfish occurrence to elucidate how these coastal seas shifted to the jellyfish-dominated ecosystems. The principal component analysis of atmospheric...
Topics: Aurelia aurita, Climate change, Eutrophication, Forage fish, LTER, Marine urbanisation
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Alexandre Buttler; Géraldine Mercier; Juan Quezada; Luca Bragazza; Konstantin Gavazov
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Severe constraints on grasslands productivity, ecosystem functions, goods and services are expected to result from projected warming and drought scenarios under climate change. Negative effects on vegetation can be mediated via soil fertility and water holding capacity, though specific mechanisms are fairly complex to generalise. In field drought experiments, it can be difficult to disentangle a drought effect per se from potential confounding effects related to vegetation or soil type, both...
Topics: Climate change, Fertility, Microbial activity, Microbial biomass, Organic matter, Rain shelter
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Djamel Saba; Youcef Sahli; Fonbeyin Henry Abanda; Rachid Maouedj; Boudjemaa Tidjar
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Currently, the growth in building energy consumption presents raises concerns with greenhouse gases and environmental pollution. The building occupants face significant difficulties to control the consumed power due to several instabilities such as climate change and human behavior. Therefore, it is necessary to have a decision tool that optimizes the consumed energy and ensures an acceptable comfort for the occupants. This article presents an intelligent solution based on an ontology that...
Topics: Energy efficient, Ontology, Semantic web rule language, Smart home, Web ontology language
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Mirjam Pfeiffer; Liam Langan; Anja Linstädter; Carola Martens; Camille Gaillard; Jan C. Ruppert; Steven I. Higgins; Edwin I. Mudongo; Simon Scheiter
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Semi-arid tropical rangelands substantially contribute to livelihoods of subsistence farmers, but are threatened by undesired vegetation shifts due to climate change and overgrazing. Grazing-induced shifts of the grass community composition are often associated with rangeland degradation. To identify sustainable management strategies, a process-based understanding of grass functional diversity and rangeland dynamics is required. We present a new scheme for aDGVM2, a dynamic vegetation model for...
Topics: Annual grasses, Grazing model, Overgrazing, Perennial grasses, Semi-arid rangelands, aDGVM2
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by María Laura Bernaschini; Eduardo Trumper; Graciela Valladares; Adriana Salvo
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In fragmented forests the edges experience changes in microclimatic conditions, which are referred to as “abiotic edge effect”, and differ according to geographical orientation and season. These microclimatic changes could influence the development rate of the organisms (particularly for movement - restricted ones like leaf miner larvae and their parasitoids)and, consequently, their population dynamics. The aim of this study was to compare the abiotic edge effect in differently oriented...
Topics: Degree-day, Development speed, Edge effect, Geographical orientation, Microclimatic conditions,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Just transition is a new framework of analysis that brings together climate, energy and environmental justice scholarships. It was originally coined as a term that was designed to link the promotion of clean technology with the assurance of green jobs. The Paris climate change agreement marks a global acceptance that a more rapid transition is needed to avert disastrous consequences. In response, climate, energy and environmental justice scholarships must unite in assessing where injustices...
Topics: Climate justice, Distributional justice, Energy justice, Environmental justice, Just transitions,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Evelyn Wallor; Kurt Christian Kersebaum; Domenico Ventrella; Marco Bindi; Davide Cammarano; Elsa Coucheney; Thomas Gaiser; Pasquale Garofalo; Luisa Giglio; Pietro Giola; Munir P. Hoffmann; Ileana Iocola; Marcos Lana; Elisabet Lewan; Ganga Ram Maharjan; Marco Moriondo
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Process-oriented agro-ecosystem models are increasingly applied to assess crop management options or impacts of climate change on agricultural production, food security and ecosystem services. Thereby, the aggregation of initial soil and climate information is a widely used approach for performing simulations at larger scales such as regions, nations or even globally. In this context, the ability of models to respond to different site conditions is essential for high quality impact assessment...
Topics: Crop model, Model sensitivity, Soil, Spatial variability
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Hong Jin Yang; Chan Gyung Park; Rok Soon Kim; Kyung Suk Cho; Junhyeok Jeon
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Korean chronicles have a large amount of observational records of natural phenomena, including astronomical and meteorological events over two thousand years. Here we examine the correlation of solar activity and climate change from historical sunspot and frost records in the Korean chronicles. There are 42 sunspot records in Goryeo Dynasty (918–1392 CE) and 13 records in Joseon Dynasty (1392–1910 CE). The sunspot records in Goryeo Dynasty show a periodicity in good agreement with the...
Topics: Climate change, Frost, Korean chronicles, Long-period solar activity, Power spectral analysis,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This paper studies the relationship between environmental concern and household separate waste collection, controlling for social capital, in Italy in the year 1998 when policy makers started to raise awareness of the importance of waste prevention, disposal and recycling. At the time, the public's sensitivity and attitude to waste issues were mainly influenced by their own lifestyles. We consider five separate waste collections, namely paper, plastic, glass, aluminium and food waste, to be...
Topics: Environmental concerns, Environmental issues, Household waste recycling effort, Italy, Social...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Christian Heinze; Jan May; Jens Peters; Jochen Ströhle
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The electric power sector contributes to about a quarter of the total CO 2 emissions worldwide. Therefore, in most mitigation scenarios for the climate change the share of low-carbon electricity supply increases from the current share of approximately 30% to more than 80% by 2050. A promising approach is the polygeneration concept for electrical power and chemicals based on integrated gasification combined cycle. It offers the possibility to capture CO 2 in a very efficient pre-combustion...
Topics: Cogeneration, IGCC, Integrated gasification combined cycle, Methanol production, Polygeneration,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Jhuma Sadhukhan; Elias Martinez-Hernandez; Richard J. Murphy; Denny K.S. Ng; Mimi H. Hassim; Kok Siew Ng; Wan Yoke Kin; Ida Fahani Md Jaye; Melissa Y. Leung Pah Hang; Viknesh Andiappan
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Malaysia has a plethora of biomass that can be utilized in a sustainable manner to produce bio-products for circular green economy. At the 15th Conference of Parties in Copenhagen, Malaysia stated to voluntarily reduce its emissions intensity of gross domestic product by upto 40% by 2020 from 2005 level. Natural resources e.g. forestry and agricultural resources will attribute in achieving these goals. This paper investigates optimum bio-based systems, such as bioenergy and biorefinery, and...
Topics: Adaptation and resilience, Circular economy, Climate change mitigation, Lignocellulosic...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Andrea M. Feldpausch-Parker; Tarla Rai Peterson; Jennie C. Stephens; Elizabeth J. Wilson
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Superstorm Sandy hit the northeastern United States in October 2012, knocking out power to 10 million people and highlighting energy and critical infrastructure system vulnerabilities in the face of a changing climate. The increased frequency and intensity of such disruptive events is shifting priorities in electricity system planning around the world, including how multiple stakeholders consider linkages between climate vulnerability and energy. This research links smart grid development with...
Topics: Adaptation, Climate vulnerabilities, Hurricanes, Mitigation, Smart grid, Superstorm
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Oz Sahin; Rodney A. Stewart; Gaelle Faivre; Dan Ware; Rodger Tomlinson; Brendan Mackey
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An integrated approach combining Bayesian Network with GIS was developed for making a probabilistic prediction of sea level rise induced coastal erosion and assessing the implications of adaptation measures. The Bayesian Network integrates extensive qualitative and quantitative information into a single probabilistic model while GIS explicitly deals with spatial data for inputting, storing, analysing and mapping. The integration of the Bayesian Network with GIS using a cell-by-cell comparison...
Topics: Probabilistic risk mapping, Spatial Bayesian Network
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Cinthia Soto Golcher; Bas Arts; Ingrid Visseren-Hamakers
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As the climate change problem becomes more eminent, there is more pressure to increase efforts in all sectors and countries. The land-use sector is seen as an option to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and key in achieving a balance in GHG emissions and removals by sinks by 2050, as envisioned in the Paris Agreement. This article presents two comparative case studies within the climate change arena and aims to understand how and why: 1) tropical deforestation and forest degradation have...
Topics: Agriculture, Climate change, Food, Framing, REDD+
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Claudio Pellegrini; Alessandra Asioli; Kevin M. Bohacs; Tina M. Drexler; Howard R. Feldman; Michael L. Sweet; Vittorio Maselli; Marzia Rovere; Fabiano Gamberi; Giacomo Dalla Valle; Fabio Trincardi
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Although facies and stratal geometries of continental margin successions can be defined in detail based on subsurface and outcrop studies, most studies lack the high-resolution age control needed to constrain the time scale of formation of such successions and infer their external forcing mechanisms. Our work on the Po River Lowstand Wedge (PRLW) indicates that deposition rates are surprisingly high with the entire 350-m-thick succession being deposited in less than 17,000 years, and with...
Topics: Climate change effects, Clinoform, Continental margin evolution, Last glacial maximum,...
Emissions from shipping contribute significantly to both climate change and local air pollution. Cold ironing (onshore power supply) reduces emissions while ships are berthed in port by providing power from shore-side electricity rather than onboard auxiliary generators. Previous research has focused on installing the technology in large ports but if policy goals (particularly in the EU) are to be achieved then smaller ports must also install the technology. Therefore, this study examines the...
Topics: Cold ironing, Environmental, Onshore power supply, Policy, Seaports, Shore-side power,...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Today, transportation of freight by trucks and vans faces congestion within most of the urbanized areas around the world, making supply chains less efficient and causing air pollution, noise, reducing traffic safety and also contributing to climate change. Underground freight transport (UFT) can be an alternative for, but also an addition to existing transport modes for freight, like road, rail and waterborne. It combines the advantages of taking the traffic movements underground and applying...
Topics: Capsules, Pipelines, Underground freight transport
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Suraj Panthi; Amy R. Sapkota; Greg Raspanti; Sarah M. Allard; Anthony Bui; Hillary A. Craddock; Rianna Murray; Libin Zhu; Cheryl East; Eric Handy; Mary Theresa Callahan; Joseph Haymaker; Prachi Kulkarni; Brienna Anderson; Shani Craighead; Samantha Gartley
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Agricultural water withdrawals account for the largest proportion of global freshwater use. Increasing municipal water demands and droughts are straining agricultural water supplies. Therefore, alternative solutions to agricultural water crises are urgently needed, including the use of nontraditional water sources such as advanced treated wastewater or reclaimed water, brackish water, return flows, and effluent from produce processing facilities. However, it is critical to ensure that such...
Topic: Waste water
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by L. Leolini; M. Moriondo; G. Fila; S. Costafreda-Aumedes; M. Bindi
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Viticulture is a worldwide agricultural sector with a relevant economic importance, especially in regions where the climate and environmental conditions meet requirements for the production of high quality wines. The impact of climate change combined with the increased frequency of extreme events predicted for the next future has already shown its potential detrimental effects on viticulture suitability, but few studies currently explored the effect of long-term climate change and extreme...
Topics: Climate change, Extreme events, Grapevine phenology, Statistical downscaling, Viticulture
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Proglacial systems are enlarging as glacier masses decline. They are in a transitory state from glacier-dominated to hillslope and fluvially-dominated geomorphological processes. They are a very important meltwater, sediment and solute source. This study makes the first quantitative, systematic and regional assessment of landform composition and functioning within proglacial systems that have developed in the short term since the Little Ice Age (LIA). Proglacial system extent was thus defined...
Topics: Fluvial, Glacier, Hillslope, Landform, Landscape evolution, Meltwater, Proglacial
Here we provide a critical and comprehensive review of recent developments in the impact of protected cultivation on climate change and map the factors involved. Some possible ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions are suggested and some sustainable adaptation strategies are indicated. We expand our survey of the existing research to the entire production system, including greenhouse structure, energy, electricity, growing media, and fertilizers. Technical and conceptual innovations are...
Topics: Closed and semi-closed system, Controlled-environment agriculture, Greenhouse, Renewable energy...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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Global annual production of lignocellulosic biomass including undervalued agricultural residues and greenhouse biomass is about 181.5 billion tonnes. This undervalued biomass has a high potential to produce biogas in anaerobic digestion (AD). Among the various pre-treatment methods, hydrothermal (HT) pre-treatment of lignocellulosic biomass is a promising approach to increase biogas production in AD. However, the high carbon to nitrogen ratio (C/N) of lignocellulosic biomass is reported to be...
Topics: Anaerobic digestion, Biogas, Hydrothermal, Inhibition, Lignocellulosic biomass
Potential evapotranspiration (ET0) is a key component of the water cycle and a main factor to water resources assessment. Analysis of variation in ET0 is significant in understanding the climate change and agricultural water management; It is affected by multiple climatic factors, including air temperature, relative humidity, wind speed, and sunshine duration. To understand the variations of ET0 in the Jing-Jin-Ji region (Beijing Municipality, Tianjin Municipality, and Hebei Province), values...
Topics: Climatic parameters, Dominant factors, Jing-Jin-Ji region, Potential evapotranspiration, Shift point
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by J. H.N. Palma; R. M. Cardoso; P. M.M. Soares; T. S. Oliveira
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Forest management decisions often rely on forest growth process based models. These models require climate data at a time-scale and a time-frame that is frequently not available in the area of interest. With the purpose of evaluating the use of modelled climate as a replacement for observational data, we compared the performance (efficiency, precision and bias) of a forest growth process based model (3-PG) when the inputs of the observational climate data were replaced by modelled climate data....
Topics: CORDEX, Climate change, Eucalyptus, RACMO, Regional climate models, WRF
An innovative approach of using agro-ecological zones (AEZs), instead of using political boundaries, has been adopted for climate change impact analysis on rice production of India. The analysis has been carried out by using a process-based Crop Simulation Model (CSM)-CERES-Rice fed with improved state of art bias corrected climate projections from eight Global Climate Models (GCMs) for four expected climatic scenarios- Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP 2.6, 4.5, 6.0 and 8.5). Using...
Topics: Crop modeling, Rice yield
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Daniel Krekel; Remzi Can Samsun; Ralf Peters; Detlef Stolten
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This paper assesses the separation of CO 2 from ambient air from a technical and economic standpoint. Reducing CO 2 emissions and their sequestration from the atmosphere is vital to counteract ongoing climate change. The most promising technological options for CO 2 separation are first identified by reviewing the literature and comparing the most important technical and economic parameters. The results point to amines/imines as adsorbing agents to separate CO 2 from ambient air. A system...
Topics: Polyethyleneimine adsorption, Techno-economic analysis
In recent years, scientific investigations on the effectiveness of Protected Areas (PAs) in conserving biodiversity and sustaining ecosystem functions under the impact of climate change have increasingly received more attention from researchers and park managers. In this study, we used a combination of species distribution modelling (SDM) and spatial hierarchical systematic conservation planning technique to delineate and prioritize areas for endemic plant species conservation under current and...
Topics: Endemic plants, Himalaya, Protected areas
Biological control of spider mites using phytoseiid mites is frequently being disrupted by high temperatures, which results in an important and urgent research topic. We hypothesized that this scenario could be ameliorated if the thermal tolerance of a certain phytoseiid mite is enhanced. In this study, a high temperature adapted strain (HTAS) of the predatory mite Neoseiulus barkeri Hughes was selected from its conventional strain (CS) via a long-term heat acclimation (maintained at 35 °C)...
Topics: Biological control, Climate change, Heat acclimatory, Phytoseiid mites, Thermal tolerance
Mendeley Climate Change Library
by Dongmei Han; Guoqiang Wang; Baolin Xue; Tingxi Liu; Yinglan A; Xinyi Xu
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There has been increasing interest in grassland ecosystem degradation resulting from intensive human activity and climate change, especially in arid and semiarid regions. Species composition, grassland desertification, and aboveground biomass (AGB) are used as indicators of grassland degradation. In this study, we comprehensively analyzed variations in these three indicators of grassland degradation in semiarid grassland in North China, on multiple time scales. Since 1984, species composition...
Topic: Species composition
Increasing the awareness of climate change causes is often considered the key to public support of mitigation and adaptation policies. However, higher awareness might not always relate to higher risk perceptions. Previous research suggests that a process of risk normalization might occur, wherein individuals more exposed and aware of hazards minimize their risk perception to psychologically cope with hazards. This study elaborates on and expands this research, by conducting multilevel analyses...
Topic: Risk perception normalization
This paper describes how an earlier study's novel, meta-paradigmatic approach was used to answer two research questions of international significance: (1) How are small island developing states (SIDS) adapting to climate change at the national level? and (2) What are the factors that affect adaptation at the national level in SIDS? As acknowledged in the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement, SIDS are distinct from other developing...
Topics: Climate change adaptation, Hermeneutic-phenomenology, Resource dependency theory, Small island...
Mendeley Climate Change Library
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This paper examines the practices advised by health authorities and performed by parents to cool infants during hot weather. The aim is to explore how health and energy efficiency imperatives can be better integrated for households. Consumption of home air conditioning is increasing around the world alongside policy concerns about energy poverty, climate change and peak demand. This paper analyses online sources containing advice to parents about temperature, hot weather and infant health. The...
Topics: Air conditioning, Cooling practices, Electricity demand, Health, Heatwaves, Households with children