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Naval Postgraduate School

Dudley Knox Library

Included here are  Masters' Theses, Doctoral Dissertations and other degree-earning works by students of the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California, as well as some NPS faculty-authored Technical Reports.  This content has been shared from the NPS Archive: Calhoun.



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Naval Postgraduate School
2022
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Naval Postgraduate School
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Mass migrations at the southwest border are nothing new, but surges in unaccompanied minors and family units crossing the border in short periods are increasingly overwhelming the U.S. government's capacity to respond, resulting in humanitarian, legal, and financial consequences. Due to the complex motivations for migrating, U.S. immigration authorities currently lack the ability to anticipate mass-migration events, making it difficult to prepare for them. This thesis poses the question of how...
Topics: immigration, mass migration, foresight, future planning, strategic foresight, migration, southwest...
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 de Andrade Martins, Madjer
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The employment of unmanned aerial vehicles is currently a fact in modern warfare. The benefit of using drones as a swarm, working together to accomplish a task, will help save lives; however, the communication among drones within a swarm is a challenge with the available technology due mainly to the power requirements to operate in a small device. Inspired by the massive machine-type communication 5th generation mobile networks, this work offers a novel method of identification and ranging for...
Topics: 5th generation mobile networks, swarm drones, swarming drones, drones, drones swarm, UAV, unmanned...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) revealed weaknesses in supply chains of companies that produce personal protective equipment (PPE), resulting in nationwide shortages. A government-industry collaborative platform between the National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST) and Helpful Engineering is under development to act as an exchange for material and equipment at each level of the supply chain. The intent of this is to create an online agile production platform (APP) for PPE. There...
Topics: Monterey Phoenix, emergent behavior, agile production platform, APP, personal protective equipment,...
Interference on the Global Positioning System (GPS) infrastructure poses a threat to the nation's security and economy as systems become more dependent on the technology. The pervasiveness of GPS interference methods such as jamming and spoofing present multiple opportunities for adversaries to infiltrate and inject false data on systems as diverse as military, banking, shipping, ecommerce, transportation and other critical economic sectors. The study of GPS spoofing detection methods requires...
Topics: GPS, machine learning, data analytics, artificial intelligence, assured PNT
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 Campion, Keith V.
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Every year, the SEAL Officer Community Management (OCM) receives approximately 300 applications from candidates who want to attend Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL (BUD/S) training to become Navy SEAL Officers. The applications include multiple data elements such as university attendance, grade point average (GPA) and physical fitness test scores. From this data, the SEAL OCM selects approximately 80% of the candidates to participate in SEAL Officer Assessment and Selection (SOAS). At SOAS, the...
Topics: NSW, BUD/S, selection, recruiting, officers, SEAL, training, OCM, grade point average, GPA, Naval...
Challenges exist in determining out how to effectively integrate legacy analysis tools with Model-Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) tools to accomplish a digital transformation. In this study, we analyze the legacy Program of Ship Salvage Engineering (POSSE), an analysis-based tool that helps salvage engineers determine how critical a damaged ship situation is. Salvage engineers utilize POSSE to provide real-time assessments of complex salvage situations and to communicate with other commercial...
Topics: Model-Based Systems Engineering, MBSE, digital engineering, Program of Ship Salvage Engineering,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis will be qualitative in nature, utilizing published literature, scholarly writings, congressional testimonies, academic journals, previous theses, and public records. The literature review will take a look at relevant works in providing an understanding of selected themes from Marine Corps Doctrinal Publication 7, Learning (MCDP-7) on \"why\" learning is critically important to the profession of arms, and to address certain methods for \"how\" the Marine Corps can...
Topics: learning, organizational learning, organizational culture, psychological safety, systems thinking,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 Indahl, Bethany J.
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This thesis examines trends in Israel's energy security policies in response to its discovery of large offshore natural gas resources in 2009–2010. It evaluates Israel's use of energy diplomacy, selection of energy suppliers, and prioritization of energy infrastructure projects, and the potential impacts of greater energy abundance on these strategies. By comparing Israel's energy policies before and after 2013, the thesis finds that energy abundance led Israel to employ a more protectionist...
Topics: Israel, energy, natural gas
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis demonstrates an application of machine learning for enabling automated decision support to warfighters operating laser weapon systems in complex tactical situations. The thesis used the NPS Modeling Virtual Environments and Simulation (MOVES) Institute's Swarm Commander modeling and simulation software environment to develop simulated datasets of wargaming scenarios involving a shipboard laser weapon system defending against drone swarm threats. The simulated datasets were used to...
Topics: laser weapon system, machine learning, unmanned aerial vehicles, unmanned aircraft systems,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 Powell, Richard W., II
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The purpose of this research is to conduct an individual competency assessment of the Army National Guard's contract management knowledge and evaluate the individual competencies of the Army National Guard's contract officers and contract specialists (1102s). This research evaluates individual competencies throughout all phases of the contract life cycle. In addition to the assessment of individual competencies, this research will also evaluate the individual competencies of the buyer...
Topics: Army National Guard, National Guard Bureau, NGB, Contract Management Body of Knowledge, CMBOK,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Coactive Design is a process that addresses the increasingly complex roles that humans and robots play in modern digitalized systems. It analyzes the interdependencies between members in human-robot teamwork and optimizes interactive collaboration to support the team's overall capabilities. The process endeavors to provide designers and industry players with the necessary analysis tools and techniques to move the industry away from robot-centric automation in which the traditional goal has been...
Topics: Coactive Design, systems engineering, search and rescue, unmanned, human-machine teaming, HMT,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 Pittner, Kenneth J.
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Currently, U.S. Navy shipboard communications have a great disadvantage: the data rates of satellite links are limited, typically below 4 Mbps for each link. Improving efficient utilization of these links while out to sea is paramount to maintaining our military advantage. Also, any improvement must be transparent to end user functionality. This thesis first explored implementing a free version of a commercial-off-the-shelf wide area network (WAN) optimizer, Artica, on a simulated shipboard...
Topics: network, networking, compression, efficiency, satellites, SATCOM, protocol compression
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 Schlessel, Max E.
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After a substantial investment in simulated decision-making technologies in the form of the Tactical Decision Kit (TDK), the Marine Corps is struggling to capitalize on that investment in a fleet setting as well as a schoolhouse setting. The system neither entices leaders to train their Marines nor does it allow trainers to utilize the full potential of an interactive synthetic environment (ISE), especially in a way that trains Marines by challenging them to perform tasks that are expected of...
Topics: interactive synthetic environment, tactical decision kit, Virtual Battlespace, VBS, decision...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The proliferation of unmanned aerial system (UAS) capabilities in the commercial sector is posing potentially significant threats to the traditional perimeter defense of civilian and military facilities. In particular, commercial-off-the-shelf UASs, which are small, cheap, and come with many functions, have sparked growing interest among hobbyists and raised risks to facilities. Consequently, facility commanders now need a methodology to conduct quick evaluation and analysis of immediate...
Topics: counter unmanned aerial system, system analysis, risk analysis, airport security, base security,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The Department of Defense's (DOD) Cyber Red Teams are often a group of ethical hackers and offensive-trained security professionals who must continuously stay ahead of cybercriminals' known tactics, techniques, and procedures. The Cyber Red Team certification and accreditation life cycle requires ongoing funding and time, while the United States' near-peer state actors and non-state actors are continuously trying to breach its cybersecurity defenses. The information technology infrastructure...
Topics: DOD cyber red teams, red team in a box, RTIB, Cyber Automated Red Team Tool, CARTT, user interface,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 Joachim, Marcus
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America has faced a racial reckoning as tensions have boiled over between law enforcement and communities of color. The killings of Philando Castile, George Floyd, Breonna Taylor, and countless others have led to extensive protests. As the lead agency for investigating federal civil rights and color-of-law violations, the FBI has often been called upon to investigate police actions in these deadly encounters. However, many have questioned the bureau's ability to be impartial, due to the...
Topics: FBI, diversity, gender, racial bias
In 2017, after three years of investment, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) restarted an IT acquisition project focused on the U.S. Coast Guard's (USCG) and Transportation Security Administration's financial system. Such projects bear inherent risks in terms of their size and interoperability and affect a wide range of agencies' operational missions. This thesis conducts a comparative analysis of the DHS's financial system failure and examines whether this project failure shares...
Topics: financial management system, acquisition, business process and project management
Naval Postgraduate School
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Substance abuse remains a significant problem among Sailors within the U.S. Excessive use of alcohol and drugs can be detrimental to a Sailor's health, safety, and naval service. The U.S. Navy recognizes that substance abuse is preventable and treatable and aims to eliminate these destructive behaviors through continuous training, intervention, and treatment. However, the need to address alcohol and drug abuse using an alternative approach arises as Sailors continue to exhibit these destructive...
Topics: substance abuse, alcohol abuse, drug abuse, machine learning, supervised learning, predictive...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis aimed to analyze Sino-LAC space cooperation to answer the following questions: what are the motivations behind Sino-LAC space cooperation, and what do the parties stand to gain? How is Sino-LAC space cooperation structured, and is China promoting long-term technological dependencies? What challenges does this pose to U.S. space security, and is U.S. space policy effectively responding to regional Chinese proliferation within the space domain? Ultimately, LAC countries seek Chinese...
Topics: Latin America, China, Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Venezuela, space cooperation, space policy,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis explores how decision makers could use the Monterey Phoenix (MP) behavior modeling tool developed at the Naval Postgraduate School to assess, visualize, and prioritize cyber risk in a supply chain. Assessing supply chain risk is a complex problem because of the inter-relationships among various parts of the system and between the system and its environment. This thesis applies and extends a reusable methodology to analyze risk in MP, developed by Navy LCDR Richard Moebius in 2018,...
Topics: risk, risk assessment, risk management, system, system of systems, complex system, Monterey...
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 Pazen, Paul M.
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The research builds on successful nudge campaigns in the United States and the United Kingdom, including positive results in both the public and private sectors. Traditional crime prevention messaging approaches may have limited success. They typically reach individuals and communities who have already been exposed to straightforward public safety or crime prevention information messages from law enforcement. Based on the results of the Denver Police Department's nudge campaign—the process,...
Topics: Public Safety Nudge Campaign, crime reduction through marketing, crime prevention
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 Ostrom, Jacob D.
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This thesis examines how Iran attempts to challenge the United States in the maritime domain. Iranian strategic thinking is discussed to better understand their views on self-reliance and national defense. The thesis then defines asymmetric naval warfare and how the strategy aims to counter perceived threats. Historical background is provided to understand how Iran's naval force developed. The shift in Iran's approach to the maritime domain, from conventional sea power to asymmetric naval...
Topics: Iran, maritime domain, IRGCN, IRIN, Persian Gulf, Strait of Hormuz, gray zone conflict,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 Longabaugh, Claire L.
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The United States invests significant time and resources in conducting drug interdiction operations in the Western Hemisphere. However, the primary strategic focus for the United States is great power competition (GPC) with Russia and China. GPC objectives are accomplished by maintaining or expanding influence, which can be achieved by becoming another nation's partner of choice. Partnership requires understanding the priorities of other nations so that mutually beneficial policy can be...
Topics: great power competition, Latin America, Navy, drug interdiction
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A recent safety culture workshop revealed that despite having an appropriate number of qualifications and multiple maintenance meetings throughout a given day, Marine Light Attack Helicopter Squadrons (HMLAs) are still suffering from the problem of inefficient communication. When I was the quality assurance officer (QAO) at HMLA-267, I saw firsthand how inefficient communication between and within multiple shops led to multiple \"down\" aircraft and an inability to execute all flights...
Topics: maintenance, HMLA, aviation, communication, model, modeling
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis aims to reduce the safety risks for warfighters in an area of operations where unexploded ordnance (UXO) may be present, and lessen the number of training opportunities due to malfunctioning munitions in a controlled environment. The thesis leverages the advancement in unmanned technologies and artificial intelligence (AI) development to complete dull, dirty, and dangerous tasks more effectively. Specifically, the thesis attempts to improve a trained AI detector's performance using...
Topics: small unmanned aerial system, UXO detection, deep learning, neural network, target classification,...
Maintaining a competitive advantage in conflict requires a Marine Corps that can rapidly develop and field technologies to the operational forces. In the 2019 \"Commandant's Planning Guidance,\" the Commandant of the Marine Corps emphasized the need to enhance our capabilities in artificial intelligence, sensor-based data collection, and data-enabled decision-making. Vital to this effort is the Risk Management Framework (RMF), the mandated process by which we assess and mitigate...
Topics: RMF, Risk Management Framework, risk management, assessment and authorization, security, ATO
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This thesis presents a Model-Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) methodology for the development of a Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Digital Twin (DT) with the ability to demonstrate route selection capability with a Mission Engineering (ME) focus. It reviews the concept of ME and integrates it with an MBSE framework for the development of the DT. The methodology is demonstrated through a case study where the UAS is deployed for a Last Mile Delivery (LMD) mission and a route optimization module...
Topics: mission engineering, digital twin, systems engineering
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 McDonough, Meghan
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The study was requested by the Marine Corps Aviation community with a focus on risk mitigation strategies for aviators transitioning from day to night flights. Avoiding the use of stimulants and sedatives to aid in fatigue mitigation, the study instead used a four-hour period of continuous bright light exposure to shift the circadian rhythm. The main goals of this study were to determine if the light intervention protocol successfully shifted the circadian rhythm of our participants, how large...
Topics: circadian entrainment, Naval aviation, dim light melatonin onset, DLMO, circadian rhythm,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 Fitzgerald, Timothy S.
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Yemen's most recent civil war began in 2015 and has affected nearly every person in the country. In addition to war and violence, Yemen has historically experienced a wide array of environmental insecurities, including water scarcity, famine, and migration precipitated by these factors. This thesis examines how environmental insecurities have affected the ongoing civil war and whether they have been used as a tool in the war. Also, this thesis asks whether these issues existed before the war or...
Topics: Yemen, civil war, environmental insecurity, water scarcity, famine, migration
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The natural process of ripening for fresh fruits and vegetables (FF&V) releases ethylene gas and as the concentration of ethylene increases in an enclosed environment, the ripening and spoilage process accelerates. Annually, the deterioration of produce arriving to our different Main Operating Bases (MOB) increases the burden on waste, cost, and logistics to the Army's budget. This study focuses on the viability of integrating ethylene control devices (ECD) in the Multi-Temperature...
Topics: ethylene control device, ECD, Multi-Temperature Refrigerated Container System, MTRCS, Product...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The process of creating an intelligence status report requires a continuous collection of intelligence from various sources of varying inaccuracies and reliability. Consequently, managing many intelligence sources is not only a costly operation to establish but also to maintain continuously. Our objective is to use the Multi-armed Bandit (MAB) framework to model intelligence collection. The proposed framework generalizes the classical MAB model by accounting for censoring in sampled...
Topics: online learning, Multi-armed Bandit, MAB, intelligence collection, censoring
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 Cruz, Luis A.; Hoopes, Angela L.; Pappa, Ryane M.; Shilt, Savanna L.; Wuornos, Samuel I.
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The modern battlefield is more complex than ever, and the technological advancement of weapons is accelerating. In order to win the next fight, faster response time to an adversary's actions is critical. Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to enable warfighters to outpace enemy decision cycles and reduce information overload, thus overcoming the \"fog of war.\" When developing combat systems, reliability could be the difference between life and death. Therefore, it is of...
Topics: artificial intelligence, AI, machine learning, safety risks, battle management aids, failure modes,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 Naquila, Robert J.
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Machine-to-machine teaming is the trend of future warfare aiming at maximizing effectiveness of heterogeneous assets while performing a specific task or mission. Currently, modern militaries employ autonomous systems such as unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) and unmanned ground systems (UGS) independently with separate missions. This study explores the possibility of utilizing an autonomous swarm composed of UAS and UGS working in tandem in the improvised explosive device (IED) clearance mission...
Topics: UAS, UGS, machine-machine teaming, IED clearance, Cameo, Simulink, systems engineering, unmanned...
The threats facing America today are different from the threats on 9/11. The actions the United States took to defend against similar attacks were necessary; however, the increase in attacks by non-foreign terrorist organizations (FTOs) requires agencies to evolve. This thesis explores how the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) can be leveraged to enhance the intelligence capabilities of the U.S. government. This thesis begins by identifying the threats facing America in 2021. Through...
Topics: intelligence, homeland security, Department of Homeland Security, DHS, Transportation Security...
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Acoustic remote sensing of the ocean traditionally relies on controlled sound sources and active sonars. Alternatively, the seabed and the water column can be characterized acoustically in a surreptitious and environmentally friendly way using noise interferometry. Noise interferometry exploits ambient sound as a signal to probe the environment. Empirical acoustic Green's functions are retrieved from cross-correlations of diffuse noise that is measured concurrently by spatially separated...
Topics: noise interferometry, geoacoustic inversion, ambient sound
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The Indianapolis Fire Department (IFD) and Indianapolis Public Schools (IPS) created the Arsenal Technical High School (ATHS) Fire Rescue Program (FRP) for juniors and seniors in the heart of Indianapolis. The program's goals are multidimensional—community outreach, a pathway to a high school diploma, and a recruitment tool. For 10 years, however, the IFD has hired not a single program graduate. This research examines the IFD's history of recruitment, government-issued consent decree, and...
Topics: diversity, fire service, recruitment, high school, early recruitment, teenagers, consent decree,...
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Practitioners and academics have discussed emergency management's status as a profession for decades. This thesis analyzes the degree of professionalization of emergency management in Maine and provides recommendations to improve it. Review of state legislation and key documents, coupled with interviews of emergency management leaders, contributed to an assessment of professionalization in Maine. Public-sector emergency managers completed a survey developed using Richard Hall's attitudinal...
Topics: emergency management, Maine, professionalization, profession
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 Carter, Rachel O.
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Saudi Arabia and Israel have never had formal diplomatic relations. The Arab-Israeli issue of Palestinian self-determination, above all else, has kept these two Middle East states apart and at times in adversarial tension. However, the 21st century has witnessed thawing relations between Saudi Arabia and Israel, despite the continued unpopularity of Israel within Saudi society. Scholars have largely isolated one or two of the primary drivers that promote or inhibit Saudi's desire to cooperate...
Topics: Saudi Arabia, Israel, normalization, cooperation, diplomacy, negotiation, Iran, hegemony, Arab,...
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As technology advances and nature becomes more unpredictable, hospitals need to focus on their response to specific threats and their capacity to handle them efficiently. Many studies have shown that due to underfunding, hospitals lack the basic size required to properly service populations. The purpose of this thesis is to build and analyze a model of a local hospital's emergency room operations under typical and surge conditions in terms of resource demand and utilization. The model will...
Topics: hospital, surge, threat, population, age demographics
United States Marine Corps expeditionary units require last-mile resupply of essential items while maintaining a small operational footprint. The use of automated unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) allows for units to be resupplied upon request, while keeping a low footprint in the operational area. Jatho in 2020 described an optimization model that prescribes optimal UAV routes and flight trajectories while accounting for wind conditions and known obstacles between requested resupply units....
Topics: optimal routing, UAV, UAV routing, energy efficiency, logistics
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While historical ties between the Persian Gulf and Southeast Asia date back centuries, interaction between these regions in the twentieth century has traditionally been limited to religiopolitical engagements such as the hajj, or the movement of labor and remittances. In the last decade, the strategic value of Southeast Asia has risen dramatically for a number of reasons, including the growth of the region's economies as well as the rise of India, China, and other great powers. Emerging...
Topics: Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Indonesia, competition, cooperation, Southeast Asia, international relations,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 Chan, Baixian Alvin
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Computer networks are often the target of cyber attacks carried out by malevolent agents, to either disable critical system operations or to surreptitiously gain access to sensitive data. The asymmetric and covert nature of cyber attacks has led to their increased prevalence, where high-impact attacks on critical infrastructure can be launched with minimal resources. We consider the setup of a network switch and its connected nodes, and use multi-armed bandit models as a framework to formulate...
Topics: multi-armed bandit models, exploitation, cyber networks
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 Bennett, Michael A.; Delaney, Thomas B., III; Kalousdian, Justin A.; Shoultz, Michcell L.; Stiller, Priya; Szwarc, Kyle A.
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Methods of communication have increased greatly over the past 25 years. Faster, more targeted communication enables organizations to influence their audience with greater precision and achieve their effect with greater impact on those receiving the message. Communication has moved from the days of broadcasting (equivalent to the basic \"dumb bomb\") to targeted messaging aimed at specific groups or even individuals (equivalent to today's precision-guided munitions [PGM]). Targeted...
Topics: recruit, recruiting, recruitment, recruiting efforts, communication network, social media, media...
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 Cunningham, Daniel T.
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Extant literature has addressed empirical insurgent networks inadequately, insufficiently accounting for insurgent warfare's unique characteristics. Specifically, existing structural studies of insurgencies—those seeking to understand emergent social system patterns—have failed to capture the overlapping nature of competing, information-sharing networks in such contexts. This study focuses on the ways by which insurgent and authority social networks co-evolve in insurgent warfare. It...
Topics: co-evolution, insurgency, counterinsurgency, social networks, complex adaptive systems,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 Schulze, Joshua L.
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This thesis investigates the efficacy of U.S. security cooperation for advancing peace and stability in the Persian Gulf. It asks why the ongoing regional instability is disproportionate to the United States' investment. The thesis examines the U.S. relationships with Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates in the post-9/11 environment through two case studies and posits that dysfunctional partnerships have prevented the United States from achieving its foreign policy goals. The case studies...
Topics: Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Persian Gulf, security cooperation, military assistance,...
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The purpose of this research is to determine if the Pacific Fleet private shipyard depot-level maintenance pilot program created financial flexibility by using Other Procurement Navy funds instead of Operation and Maintenance Navy funds. A questionnaire was sent to the Navy's Office of Budget and Pacific Fleet's comptroller and maintenance teams to understand what changes occurred and how they adapted to the changes. This thesis identified the positive and negative effects of the pilot and...
Topics: pilot program, operations, maintenance, PACFLT, comptroller, procurement, Congress, transfer,...
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The development and adoption of 5G technology is rapidly progressing worldwide, and users of this technology are expected to increase to three billion by 2026. Third generation Partnership Project (3GPP) has designed the specifications of this new network infrastructure with security in mind; however, ongoing research continues to verify and scrutinize the system to help keep the data traveling this network safe. This thesis evaluates the feasibility and performance of three different attacks...
Topics: 5G, anonymity, error correction coding, low-density parity-check, LDPC, physical downlink control...
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 Pretzinger, Philip D.
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U.S. Navy helicopters emerged as an innovative concept during World War II and have been a major component of naval aviation for over 70 years. Despite consistent support and a surge of resources at the turn of the 21st century, new concepts—such as the \"Carrier Air Wing of the Future,\" which reduces the helicopter footprint within the carrier air wing by over 30 percent—appear to signal that the Navy is moving on from helicopters. What explains the U.S. Navy's apparent...
Topics: military innovation studies, military history, aviation history, helicopter, helicopters, rotary...
This thesis surveyed the capabilities, similarities, and differences regarding the Army's Military Occupational Specialty (MOS) 17C Cyber Operations and the associated difference and similarities between the career paths in the private sector. The question that guided the research was \"What are the recruitment, retention, and sustainment issues the U.S. Army is experiencing within the 17C MOS?\" Methodology included a comparative analysis of the learning objectives required by the...
Topics: cybersecurity, Cyber Operations, career paths, Military Occupational Specialty, MOS, 17C
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 Shigley, Paul
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This dissertation explores knowledge friction. The concept knowledge flow is defined by many researchers as the transfer of actionable information between individuals, groups and organizations. Knowledge Flow Theory (KFT) frames and offers tools for conceptualizing, analyzing, visualizing, and measuring knowledge flows. Recently, Nissen conceptualized explicitness-based resistance to knowledge transfer; he referred to it as knowledge friction. This study addresses additional factors that...
Topics: Knowledge Flow Theory, knowledge friction, knowledge transfer, clarity, relevance, explicit...
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 Chavez, Christopher T.; Mitchelmore, Matthew K.; Rothermel, Blake A.
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As the Surface Navy continues to advance, Surface Warfare Officers must understand organizational behavior and improve culture onboard ships to better develop teams and avoid mishaps. By examining and understanding organizational behavior, businesses have adapted their strategies to better their employees' performance. Using Nadler and Tushman's Congruence Model, this qualitative case study examines the USS Fitzgerald and USS John S. McCain 2017 ship collisions to answer the question: What...
Topics: Surface Warfare Officer, congruence model, collision, organizational behavior, United States Navy,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Sep 1, 2021 Chua, Adrian
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Cold spray is a developing additive-manufacturing technology well suited as a preventive and corrective measure for metallic materials. The key challenge lies in formulating the optimal multifaceted spray parameters to achieve a functional coating on a substrate. Copper-nickel (Cu-Ni) alloy is particularly suited for study, due to its feasibility as both coating and repair material to be deposited onto a substrate through cold spray technology and its well-established characteristics for...
Topics: copper-nickel, Cu-Ni, cold spray, tensile, adhesion, nanoindentation, heat treatment, Young's...
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The United States has more than 17,000 police agencies across the nation with more than 800,000 men and women serving in these agencies, according to the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund. These officers provide for the safety and security of the residents within their geographic areas of employment. While law enforcement's shooting of civilians is on the whole a rarity, the United States averages about 1,000 people killed annually by police departments across the country, based...
Topics: police reform, police, police shootings, shootings, law enforcement, NYPD
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 1, 2021 Smith, Aaron K.; Grogan, Shawn M.; Harpel, Aaron J.
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The Naval Supply Systems (NAVSUP) Command 810 program provides an opportunity for approximately eight Navy Supply Corps officers to attend a top-30 U.S. business school every year. Upon graduation, these officers obtain a 1301 subspecialty code and are expected to serve in leadership assignments where their educational experience is needed to influence strategy, innovation, and significant Department of Defense business decisions. Our research has identified a twofold problem facing what is...
Topics: Navy, Supply Corps, 810 program, master's in business administration, MBA, top 30 business school,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Jun 1, 2021 Hargett, Carlos F.
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Legacy Navy communication systems are used for command and control in underwater fighting environments. Adversaries will seek to deny these communication mediums. Additionally, the use of these communication systems may reveal the tactical location of blue forces, creating an inherent need for innovative methods of communication. Using sonar systems in the underwater channel between vessels to transmit a desired signal disguised as ambient ocean noises or biologics is a possible way to...
Topics: steganography, acoustic, Passerieux, underwater
The effectiveness of a defense enterprise network can be directly related to that network’s consistent availability and resiliency against incidents resulting in the degradation of systems and services. The 2012 Department of Defense’s (DOD) Information Enterprise Architecture version 2.0 reinforced this concept by identifying that enterprise-wide access to network services and network optimization were two of the most vital aspects of an effective enterprise network. Additionally, the 2017...
Topics: incident handling, incident management, adverse event, outage, network vulnerability, monitoring...
Naval Postgraduate School
Mar 1, 2021 Ainslie, Kristen
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This study explores the dynamics of diffusive convection, which is realized in regions where cool and fresh water-masses rest on top of those that are warm and salty. This type of convection is often observed in the Arctic Ocean and is characterized by the development of fine-scale steps in vertical salinity and temperature profiles known as thermohaline staircases. The Arctic staircases control the rate of upward heat transfer from waters of Atlantic origin, thereby influencing the melting of...
Topics: Thermohaline staircase, shear, double diffusion, Arctic Ocean, vertical shear, heat transfer,...
There is a widely accepted notion that fiscal spending increases at the end of the fiscal year across different government levels. This phenomenon, particularly across the military services, is driven by the notion that follow-on-year authorizations will be decremented because these funds were not obligated to a 99.8% level of execution. There is anecdotal evidence of increased spend rates in the fourth quarter of the fiscal year. This study analyzes cost-driving trends across intermediate...
Topics: beyond capable maintenance, beyond capability of maintenance, cost drivers, aviation depot level...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The U.S. Navy (USN) relies on ports to enable operations and project power, but many of our ports remain vulnerable to attack and natural disaster. To manage future conflict, the USN must plan for port resilience and develop resilience-enabling technologies that support ship refueling operations. We develop a framework and model capable of studying refueling at ports before and after disruptions. Our framework adapts standard tools for discrete event simulation of ship arrival and refueling,...
Topics: U. S. Navy, USN, resilience, discrete event simulation, refueling, vulnerability, sustainability,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Mar 1, 2021 Compton, Nicholas A.
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This thesis evaluates the recent improvement of Russia's submarine program in light of the overall modernization of Russia's undersea capabilities. It is based on a combination of qualitative assessments from unclassified official publications from Russian maritime defense institutions, historical articles on Soviet submarine development, along with their use during the Soviet era, and contemporary studies of Russian submarines. It concludes that the Russian Navy is well on its way to replacing...
Topics: Russia, Russian, nuclear, diesel, SSBN, SSN, hybrid, warfare, deterrence, submarines, Cold War,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Mar 1, 2021 Ascencio, Marcea M.
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Machine learning methods have recently increased in appearance in navigation and guidance applications by means of image classification. This thesis sought to advance the ongoing Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) Control Systems and Robotics Laboratory project in developing a system that will autonomously navigate across the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) campus. In pursuit of providing a robust navigation and guidance solution to an autonomous robotic vehicle, a convolutional neural...
Topics: navigation, autonomy, machine learning, neural networks, CNN, robotics
Naval Postgraduate School
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With the policy goal of gaining access to a higher quality and quantity of diverse Marine officer candidates, this thesis examines the spatial distribution of Officer Selection Offices relative to the Qualified Candidate Population (QCP) through the census by the Center for Naval Analyses (CNA). For context, the structure of U.S. Marine Corps Recruiting Command (MCRC) and the officer selection process are examined before exploring the types and methodology of the QCP process, including the...
Topics: diversity, female, Marine Corps, officer, recruiting
Naval Postgraduate School
Mar 1, 2021 Heyde, John J.; Mellendick, Kevan M.
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Minimal research to date has examined the impact of new parenthood on either military personnel or medical professionals. This thesis aims to identify the specific impacts of new parenthood on performance of military medical professionals, a group of highly skilled, in-demand, and costly-to-train servicemembers. Using quarterly data from 2013-2019 obtained from the Army Person Data Environment, we used individual fixed effects models to identify how new parenthood impacts physical performance...
Topics: parenthood, performance, military, medical, readiness
Naval Postgraduate School
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In 2018, the Colorado Department of Transportation was hit with a ransomware attack that resulted in the first-ever state emergency declaration for a cyber attack. Cyber attacks against the nation and its infrastructure are expected to increase, yet no extensive research exists on the United States' designated response framework for them. This thesis investigated the application of the Incident Command System (ICS) in significant cyber incidents and how the system may be improved for these...
Topics: Incident Command System, ICS, National Incident Management System, NIMS, cyber response,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Propaganda imagery and rhetoric has played a role in mass persuasion leading to an escalation of political violence connected to ethnic hatred as found in Germany in the 20th century—and beyond. By examining the anti-Semitic rhetoric and imagery used in Nazi Germany, this study examines the propaganda of racial hatred as a mechanism for gaining domestic political power—and then for launching a systematic strategy of mass-murder of Europe’s Jews. While the Nazis employed the most modern...
Topics: Nazi, propaganda, anti-Semitism, imagery, rhetoric
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis explores the use of Bayesian statistical postprocessing to rapidly train a highly accurate forecast from a 1 km resolution gridded WRF model forecast over a 100 km by 100 km area. These methods leverage three modeled forecast variables—10 m winds, sea-level pressure, and terrain elevation—in conjunction with downstream observations and prior model runs to identify model inaccuracies. Using only three days of data, a Bayesian corrected forecast is produced and analyzed for...
Topics: wind, forecast, Bayesian, WRF, model, accuracy, precision, small-scale, local
Naval Postgraduate School
Mar 1, 2021 Norville, Nicholas
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Improving the quality of Marines retained has long been an objective of the Marine Corps’ mission. This study assesses the effectiveness of utilizing a recently proposed binary logistic regression to select the most qualified Marines, based on their performance data, for pre-approved retention. Currently, all Marines desiring retention must submit a Reenlistment, Extension, and Lateral Move (RELM) request and await the Marine Corps’ approval or rejection decision. Implementing a targeted...
Topics: talent management, reenlistment, pre-approval, USMC, retention, First-term Alignment Plan, FTAP
India continues its resolve in developing a sea-based strategic deterrence in the form of nuclear ballistic missile submarines (SSBN) carrying ballistic missiles. India’s ability to maintain security and stability within the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) is increasing as the United States seeks to share its security responsibility. The IOR continues to gain importance within the international order as the stability of the world’s economy depends on the security of these oceans. Rising powers...
Topics: India, nuclear deterrence, sea based strategic deterrence, ballistic missile nuclear submarine,...
The Ship Integration Program Office (PMW760) is interested in the prospect of having a unified, cohesive communications protocol that can be used by all unmanned systems under their purview. The Data Distribution Service (DDS) is a prime candidate for such cohesive communications using point-to-point links. The objective of this thesis is to assess the performance of DDS in a network architecture that fits the naval use case criteria. We propose a network architecture that incorporates...
Topics: DDS, Mininet, SATCOM, WiFi, throughput, latency, unmanned systems
This thesis assesses the U.S. National Guard State Partnership Program through a review of three partnerships: West Virginia National Guard-Qatar, Colorado National Guard-Jordan, and Massachusetts National Guard-Kenya. The partnerships are first analyzed within a national security and military doctrinal framework for security cooperation in counterterrorism and humanitarian crisis response. Then, they are evaluated based on an academic framework regarding counterterrorism and military...
Topics: National Guard Bureau, State Partnership Program, national security, security cooperation,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Mar 1, 2021 Jackson-Seales, Keyaira; Caballero, Anthony
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This thesis develops surveys using Likert scales and open-ended questions to measure inclusive behaviors in the Navy. We compared responses across gender and racial/ethnic groups as well as between sailors stationed on the East Coast vs. the West Coast. The survey we created can be used to assess inclusive and exclusive behaviors in the fleet. We examined what inclusion and exclusion behaviors look like among sailors and showed which inclusion and diversity (I&D) competencies, when...
Topics: inclusion, diversity, underrepresented groups, minorities, sea-duty, shore-duty, exclusion, Task...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Unexploded ordnance (UXO) poses a threat to soldiers operating in mission areas, but current UXO detection systems do not provide the required safety and efficiency to protect soldiers from this hazard. Recent technological advancements in artificial intelligence (AI) and small unmanned aerial systems (sUAS) present an opportunity to explore a novel concept for a UXO detection system. The system proposed in this study integrates a sUAS with an onboard single- or multiple-spectrum (MS)...
Topics: unexploded ordnance, UXO, artificial intelligence, AI, small unmanned aerial systems, sUAS, object...
Naval Postgraduate School
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To maintain its maritime advantage, the Navy must select and develop effective leaders. Organizations widely use information on personality traits of employees to help identify and develop leaders. In this thesis, I investigate whether extroverts are more likely to become leaders, and whether extroverts make better leaders. I use data on U.S. Naval Academy midshipmen who complete the Myer Briggs Test Indicator (MBTI) for personality type awareness. In their senior year, midshipmen have...
Topics: performance, leadership, extroversion
Autonomous vehicle systems, including multi-vehicle systems, are becoming increasingly relevant in military operations. A problem emerges, however, when logging data within these systems. In particular, loss of individual vehicles and inherently lossy and noisy communications environments can result in the loss of important mission data. This thesis presents a novel distributed ledger protocol that can be used to ensure that the data in such a system survives. To test the efficacy of the...
Topics: distributed ledger, blockchain, unmanned aerial vehicle, UAV, unmanned vehicle system, UVS,...