Prehistoric man in Europe.
- Publication date
- 16mm Film, Educational Film, Prehistoric peoples, Europe, Prehistoric times, Archeology, History
- Chicago : International Film Bureau
- Digitizing sponsor
- Internet Archive
- Internet Archive
Producer, D. C. Chipperfield
Surveys the early development of mankind in Europe, showing aspects of the paleolithic period, followed by a look at the tools and culture of the mesolithic, neolithic, stone, bronze, and iron ages
Relates the story of the probable development of man based on agreed archeological deductions. Shows products, tools and progress by periods to the Roman rule.
- 2015-02-13 02:12:34
- So. Hundreds of thousands of years during the Ice Age. Great ice sheet spread and receded over northern Europe it was during this time that early man began to make the tools imperishable objects which enable us to trace his development from remote times. These water worn stones were chipped in to blunt points at least half a million years ago at the start of the palace experience. This lasted until the mentalistic period began about ten thousand B.C.. Then came the near Lisick period. And the Bronze and Iron Age is completed the timescale of prehistoric man. Can easily take men were hunters who lived in open settlements along the banks of rivers. The pebble tools eventually gave way to roughly shaped hand axes prints roughly kept along the edges. Named have villian after the place where they were first discovered a quarter of a million more years passed before finally proportioned axes took their place. Some pointed like this that called a trillion from another site in France. The last cold period of the Ice Age began and men abandon their eyes door encampments and took shelter on the cliffs and in caves. The profits they left that have been carefully excavated from the most recent at the top to the earliest at the bottom they cover thousands of years of occupation. The gorge of the river visit in central France is rich in prehistoric drowning sites no less A.Z. the limestone cliffs made ideal shelters for paralytic man. Journey built his heart and that his fires in the cold winters the deposits in the spacious shelter covered over fifteen thousand years. At least as the houses are built into the rock shelters excavations are still being counted on using modern techniques in the hope of adding to our incomplete knowledge of the paralytic period. Five miles away by the vet there is limited but Iraq shelter of the village gave its name to the most eerie and period here. Habitation layers unable or timescales pickup related and in them but it's covered the first remains of early man of the most Arion period now and a tall man he was an uncaused a polite man but a successful hunter for some unknown reason he was completely replaced. Towards the end of the ice age by men of modern type. Crow Mannion man could spread into Europe from the stuff. Hand axes were becoming smaller made from Flex Petz from a core roughly fashioned into shape along the cutting edge is. Smaller and more valid tools were used and later tell you a little times by successive races of these men of modern type. The Arctic nations were named after or in Iraq. In southern France but a cave sites you know that there are tools and remains they hunted herds of bison horses and reindeer which roam the surrounding grasslands. The rock of solitaire in the Round Valley gave its name to the salute Korean culture under this care for standard six foot six the positive thousands of bones of horses and other animals driven up the sloping hill and over the cliff edge. Nice a Lutheran hunters. They made Lance blades by highly skilled technique of pressure flaking the finest achievement of Tyler litigant work. Then followed the Magdalenian who developed a wide variety of tools long since legs were used for knives perhaps for making harpoons. Not tools were used for shaping wooden shafts. They made scrapers for painting skins. Boring tools for making holes. And pointed towards for engraving. Wonderfully carved and engraved bones and answers to pick the animals the Magdalenian hunted. Necklaces made from their case and skulls of the Cave Bear itself. Sure that man was not the only inhabitant of the caves in almost inaccessible galleries over twelve thousand years ago. He drew painted and engrave the animals he knew so well. Bisons and bulls horses and cows. Reindeer and stags. Lance's what incised on the animals to give added success in the chase. Strange symbols of sympathetic magic appear. And many of the hunters left imprints of their hands. This remarkable place capture of two bison was discovered deeper than a cave in the Pyrenees. The mesolithic stage of development the middle stone age commenced about ten thousand B.C. it was a site in Southern France. Must does heal that gave its name to the middle of a culture of the as billions Hunter fisher people who lived in this cave country right through the hillside. Many as Ilian since I've been found. Intended for mounting into wooden handles and strange painted pebbles which may be examples of the earliest form of counting or writing. South of the parent is along the east coast of Spain. Cave art continued but it was of a different kind and the artist probably came from North Africa in the valve talk to our shelters with scenes painted in red and black. This restoration of a hunting scene shows the birds and arrows were used as well as Spears'. Europe was not slowly becoming warmer and hunters moved into the northern areas which was at last free from ice in Denmark that a great mounds called Kitchen middens this is the top of one. They were formed by the gradual accumulation of refuse from Qantas meals of shellfish which was the staple diet. Primitive pottery was found built up with strips of play and tools of the metal I think people's spare points. Small arrow heads and very many fish hooks. To find sent founded in Denmark was used in many ways for large implements of a small geometrically shaped pieces for mounting into half toward Auburn. There near Lisick period again with the coming of pharma settlers from Southwest Asia. Later another migration. Spread into Europe from the western Mediterranean. In the East one of the earliest near live extent is was Jericho already by seven thousand B.C. a ton of perhaps two thousand and habitants excavations have revealed as is defended by strong walls on the run time and it was from the start. Centers that the nearly think way of life. Spread into your of. Adventure on the Danube now Belgrade is a hill built up from the debris of settlement since the earliest nearly thick times. By the river bank five thousand years of pre-history are exposed with pottery in Started side less. The earliest partner is similar in decoration to that found in Turkey and Greece and has connections with the fingernail imprinted where out of Anatolia and the painted spirals of tesselated. Didn't electric times the art of making stone tools reached its highest level. Axes background and polished until they looked like metal. Reaping knives and sickles were needed for harvesting. And stone questions were used for grinding the grain. In the western Mediterranean the earliest settlements of the nearly think people's well along the coasts of southeast Spain. This fat loss many are as was the site of a town. Latest surrounded by stone walls with time as. A cause why and an aqueduct have been traced and over. Hobson tombs excavated. The farmer settlers gradually spread into fronts a northern Italy and reach the lakes of Switzerland. On the marshes shores of the lake of no shuttle remains of their settlements of in well preserved. This is a reconstruction of their wooden huts there would not have stood in the leg but on the Shaw's surrounded by water. Only in times of flood. Wooden beams from Lakeside Hans remained there were expectations appt with flint axes and and this mountain handles of and total word. Nearly think people's made rough pottery and without the use of the wheel and grew flax and made colorfully patterned linens rules improved axes. Hammers and later these finds in daggers a cup in Denmark from metal daggers made in the east. Then in north eastern Europe there appeared of warlike people who made beautifully shaped battle axes and her preferred cattle raiding the cattle rearing. And from Spain came a trading people called because folk from their distinctive pottery. The battle axe invaders came from the east. The baker using people spread from Spain. But in the near left a period in contrast to the actual movement of people there began a spread of religious ideas connected with the use of massive blocks of stone or Miccolis megalithic architecture spread from the eastern Mediterranean. As far as Scandinavia. Nearly six figure incomes found in the islands of the eastern Mediterranean and in Eastern Europe. Symbolize the Mother God is about such a little religion. Sama decorated with spiral forms which probably had a religious meaning and Spargo decoration is common on Kataria. The best example of megalithic architecture is that my scene in Greece where there are imposing tombs with secular chambers approached by narrow passages and covered by a large mounds of earth. In motor huge stones in the form of circular encourages what erected on the site of nearly six centuries. They were temples of the Mother Goddess and again we have the sparkle design. On the island of Minorca are massive gallery graves of an whetstone and strange pillars supporting large slams in the megalithic tradition. There are many megalithic tombs in Spain. Son beehive shaped with call build roofs once covered with us and with doorways closed with perforated slaps. Commanding a fine of you know about the learner is this early it too with its earth covering removed. Britain a has many chambers tombs and standing stones this huge storm is two hundred fifty feet long. And they can act are remarkable parallel lines of standing stones they date from the later Bronze Age and stretch away two and a half miles across the Breton countryside aligned towards the midsummer sunrise. These are they uncovered stones of another passage grave Here's a well preserved one with its mound intact. Inside these too many carvings. Zig zag line. Figures of the gods. As spoked wheel for the sun. And the ship symbol perhaps made by men who traveled across the sea to Britain but on Dartmoor all avenues. Similar to those in Britain is. That over one thousand megalithic tones in Britain such as those that stand or the river seven. Or chain but Terms like this one in the top done lines of Wilcher along barrow with an interior passage. Nearby is the best known megalithic monument to secular temple of Stonehenge. Built on a nearly six and three it took its present form in the bronze age as a perp culmination of the West would spread of megalithic architecture. That are similar terms in Ireland such as their Norma's passage grave of Newgrange its stones carved with the familiar spiral. At Carver in Scotland these run chambered tombs with dry stone walling and voting like those in Spain. Still further north on the islands of Orkney other standing stones of the circle of Braga surrounded by a mound and ditch. And the great passage grave estimates how. Caring the auction is the stone built houses of a nearly think village have been uncovered. Narrow covered passages lead from one heart to the next and their hearts and built in furniture of stone. The megalithic movement reached its limits in Scandinavia that single chamber were destroyed round Barrow overlooks the central trackway have got planned for two at the onset of the bronze age became more and more used for trade. Near the track where Barrows of the Bronze Age. In these or been found quantities of Amber and valuable raw material which could be bartered for copper and bronze from the Mediterranean and although the trade routes of the bronze age are difficult to trace the source is of Amber unknown and the routes to the Mediterranean we know two five gold and silver by mind and especially a tenant copper to make runs. The metal traders from the east brought new ideas and refined carvings of their ships and of the Sun Wheel and there's much evidence of sun worship such as this golden sun chariot found in a Danish Bob. Hordes of bronze left by wondering metalsmiths have been honest. These bronze workers became highly skilled the first object made from metal but probably tools and the X. developed into the fine socketed time. This is a mode for casting an axe a clay court inside. Forming the hollow center. Find pottery was now being made such as these vessels for storing Graeme. This one from Denmark is beautifully decorated. Reconstructions of Bronze Age balls show how colorful I must have been. Wouldn't your ten souls such as this cop and the folding seat have been discovered and even plateau longer is a Danish peat bog they were made of will. Hand again to replace bronze in Europe about eight hundred B.C. and how to start. South's Bergen the Alps as given its name to an early Iron Age culture. On the shores of a leg the village of how start is famous for objects found an ancient cemetery in a valley above the houses which give evidence of the changeover from brands to the use of Iran very little of the ironwork remains these irons dogs of a later culture had sharpened tempered cutting edges. Hines spearheads replace the old types. But bronze continued in use how it starts metalworkers Crossman ship of a high order. Germ ethical designs are interspersed with curious Dr like figures. Religious models like this we'll chariot with a goddess can it between four horsemen were discovered. Together with well saved packets. And flagons with sign curvilinear decoration. They made bronze helmets and used wheels chariots and carts. Pottery earns shaped after Iron Age but have been found in Italy. These fine metal cauldrons came from the late iron age from a culture named after us with side like ten this is a lot ten neck ring. Although the skilled artist among these people writing was on no. This developed in the east through the clay tablets of Mesopotamia and the heart of lift of Egypt to early Greek and Latin. Recorded history and Europe again with the Roman conquest and we come to the close of the prehistoric. But the constant study of the available evidence as unable to us to trace back the development of man and you're up to the time when he made his first primitive tools. Over half a million years ago. You.
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