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Science Governance and Scientometrics

Российский научный журнал


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С 1 по 5 сентября 2014 года в г. Елените (Болгария) прошла XIII научно-практическая конференция "Economy & Business", посвященная проблемам экономического развития и роста. Организатором выступает научный фонд "International Scientific Events" при поддержке Болгарской Академии наук,...
Topic: Economy & Business
Science Governance and Scientometrics
by E. A. Salitskaya
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In early October 2015, Moscow hosted the fourth legal forum for practitioners "The main legal events of the year." This event annually attracts specialists from all over the country. In 2015 the scale of the forum and the number of participants were impressive. The Legal Forum provides a unique opportunity to practicing lawyers a to get information about the latest developments in Russian legislation from the developers of normative legal acts to receive comments on interpretation and...
Topics: Intellectual property, Civil Code
Science Governance and Scientometrics
by T. V. Chechenkina, K. S. Kucherenko
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Book reviews: Isabell M.Welpe, Jutta Wollersheim, Margit Osterloh, Stefanie Ringelhan (eds.) (2015) Incentives and performance:governance of research organizations Moshkova D.M.(2016) Legal regulation of financing of educational and research organizations: the theory and practice Pilicheva A.V.(2016) Drugs as subjects of patent rights
Topics: Science governance, scientometrics, methodology of science
Importance. A network of core shared research facilities (CSRF) and unique scientific installation (USI) is presently functional in Russia. The State actively provides legal assistance and financial support. Through the annual monitoring, resource potential, effectiveness and demand for users of the CSRF and the USI is analyzed. Objectives. Analysis of the statistical data received from the CSRF and the USI reports in 2015. Methods. Used a comparative analysis of resource potential and...
Topics: scientific infrastructure, research infrastructure, core shared research facility, unique...
Science Governance and Scientometrics
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Introduction. The article is devoted to the study of the current state of the research and development sector in the Russian Federation during the transition from the first to the second stage of the implementation of the Strategy for the Scientific and Technological Development of the Russian Federation. In addition, the authors also prepare proposals for improving the state scientific and technical policies.  Methods. This paper employs theoretical methods, including non-comparative and...
Topics: Scientific and technical development, research and development, scientific and technical...
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Science Governance and Scientometrics
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The article considers the results of the implementation of the Actions plan (road map) of the Government of the Russian Federation with respect to the Researchers’ Relative Salaries indicator (the ratio of researchers’ salaries to the average salary in the region) in 2014–2016. The small-sample effect is detected, which entails that the larger is the sample size, the lower is the value of Researchers’ Relative Salaries. Based on the calculations performed one can reasonably suggest that...
Topics: higher education, science, reform, institutions, salary, subsidies, regulations
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Science Governance and Scientometrics
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On May 26-27, 2016, the Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation hosted the XI International Workshop of Young Lawyers. This year the event, which annually brings together young researchers from different regions of Russia and other countries, representatives of government bodies of the Russian Federation, international organizations, the business sector, Russian and foreign scientists, focused on theory and practice of effective law...
Topics: Law Enforcement, Jurisprudence
Introduction. Currently, in the context of the ongoing coronavirus pan­demic, major changes are taking place, including in the scientific and technical area. The law, as a social institution, also undergoes trans­formations determined by internal and external factors. However, such changes, as a result of which the legislation changes, do not always fully reflect the dynamics and orientation of social processes. In this regard, the purpose of this study is to identify important changes in the...
Topics: Scientific and technical sphere, changes in legislation, intellectual property, organization of...
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This report presents the main research results about development approaches to creation of professional standards of researchers and leaders of scientific organizations. The relevance of the research is caused by necessity to harmonize the interests of the triad “employer – researcher – education system”. Also it needs to establish competences of researchers and their leaders in accordance to world practice; to form unified requirements to competences of researchers and their leaders...
Topics: Professional standards, researchers, the leaders of the scientific organization, Unified...
Science Governance and Scientometrics
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Introduction. The development of university science is one of the pri­orities of the state scientific and technical policy, as evidenced by the increase in funding and organisational and legal changes in the func­tioning in this field. The Decree of the President of the Russian Federa­tion "On the National Development Goals of the Russian Federation for the Period up to 2030" dated July 21, 2020, sets the goal of "ensuring the presence of the Russian Federation among the 10...
Topics: Financing of science, university science, science in universities, mechanisms of financing of...
Science Governance and Scientometrics
by A. Kh. Trofimova, A. A. Ishchenko, A. A. Kroviakova, I. A. Ishchenko, A. B. Sokolova
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Introduction. The article examines legal aspects related to stimulating and motivating the activities of inventors in Russia, the creation and use of official inventions and other objects of intellectual property. Methods. Analysis, synthesis, systematic approach, comparative legal, historical, linguistic and systematic methods of interpretation of the law were applied in the process of work. Results and Discussion. The conducted research allows us to conclude that the legal regulation is...
Topics: Intellectual property, employee inventions, inventors, innovators, royalties, motivation
From May 25 to May 26, 2022, the RIEPP Annual Scientific and Practical Conference was held with international participation, dedicated to the main issues of scientific and technological development of the Russian Federation and its regions. The conference was held in a hybrid format, the organizers provided for the possibility of in-person and remote participation. The speakers comprised representatives of federal and regional authorities, scientific and educational organizations, professional...
Topics: Conference, conference results, scientific performance, scientific performance assessment,...
Introduction. At present, there are a large number of obsolete regulatory requirements, including those dating back to the USSR. The President and the Government of the Russian Federation decided to implement the “regulatory guillotine”, within the framework of which, by 1 January 2021, the totality of regulations imposing mandatory requirements must be replaced by new ones, including in the field of education. This goal requires the monitoring of existing laws, identifying their...
Topics: Regulatory guillotine, education, regulatory legal acts, education system, education licensing,...
Incentives and Performance: Governance of Research Organizations is a collection of 29 papers, which discuss modern approaches to performance management of research institutions. Special focus is put on application of bibliometric indicators (e.g. citation index, journal impact factor, number of publications) in performance evaluation. It is argued in preface that a high citation count does not necessarily indicate high-quality research. On contrary, under the pressure of bibliometric...
Topics: Management of scientific organization, scientometrics, impact factor
Introduction. This article examines the legislative provisions of several countries regulating the right of organisations to carry out educational activities. This study aims to examine the international practices of licensing and authorisation in the field of education. Methods. The research involved uses the formal law method, systemic structural method, comparative law method, sociological/specific sociological method, and the law interpretation method.  Results and Discussion. The...
Topics: Licencing activities, international practices in education, licencing of education, legislation in...
Настоящая статья является в определенном смысле продолжением авторской статьи. В статье рассматриваются существенные обстоятельства (факторы), определяющие и побуждающие инновационное развитие. В качестве этих факторов рассмотрены такие характеристические...
Topics: Инновационное развитие, инновации, инновационные...
In this article, the authors set the task to monitor the global flows of patenting inventions and utility models in such areas as robotics, digital technologies, artificial intelligence, new materials and new design methods to identify the retrospective and current state of technology development. For the purposes of this study, the authors used one of the most complete databases of patent information in the world – Clarivate Analytics’ Derwent Innovation, which includes the Derwent World...
Topics: patent analysis, scientific and technological development, directions of scientific and...
At present, owing to the development of knowledge and innovation economy, the popularization of science and the results of scientific and technical activities is becoming more important in society. Due to the close cooperation of science, government and society in developed countries, the popularization of science and scientific activity is at a higher level of development than in Russia. The most effective tool for promoting the results of scientific and technical activities in society is...
Topics: popularization of science, popular science genre, popular science program, popular science film,...
В статье рассмотрен реальный интеллектуальный уровень современной практики государственного управления национальной научной системой в России.
Topics: Управление наукой, научно-технологический комплекс
Science Governance and Scientometrics
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The article is devoted to the problem of an efficiency evaluation of government budget appropriations, directed to support small innovative entrepreneurship in Russia, which is a basic element of national innovative system. The small enterprises created in the late eighties of the XX century on base of research institutions and the higher education organisations, have used in the activities ready-made scientific and technical developments of the founders. During the formation of small business...
Topics: small innovative enterprises, efficiency of the state support, type of entrepreneurial behavior,...
From 13 to 17 of April 2015 the International Youth Scientific Forum "Lomonosov" was held on the basis of the Lomonosov Moscow State University. The XXII International Youth Scientific Conference of Students, PhD students and young scientists, the Contest of Innovative Projects and Startups were the main events of the Forum. More than 12,000 applications from 42 countries and 83 regions of the Russian Federation were submitted for participation in the conference, 8,500 of which were...
Topics: Lomonosov Forum, young researchers, basic research, technology transfer, innovative system,...
Автор считает, что явно оформились три способа представления объекта научно-технологической политики. Один из них – ресурсный подход. Он выводит на понятие потенциала – научно-технического, научно-технологического потенциала. Ресурсный подход позволяет увидеть...
Topics: Научно-технологический комплекс,...
Science Governance and Scientometrics
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The article reveals the environmental problems facing humanity, such as the pollution of the world’s oceans, global warming and the utilization of solid waste, as well as the near-term prospects for solving them. In the context of the ocean pollution, the main causes of the world’s waters deterioration are analyzed, which include the entry of heavy metals and pesticides into the seas and radioactive substances disposal. The publications in this field describe the methods of control over the...
Topics: scientiic research, environmental problems, global ocean pollution, global warming, solid waste...
Science Governance and Scientometrics
by V. P. Vashchenko
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This article examines the essence of recent (2010 and 2011) regulatory and legislative projects on innovation development, as well as examples of international practice. This analysis shows that the underlying basis for these documents as well as for innovation policies and practices based on these documents is not innovation in its essence, but the products of scientific and technical activities, the so-called innovation resources. As a result, the innovation policy is focused not on the...
Topic: Innovation, innovational resource, innovational process, innovation policy, innovation practice,...
The purpose of this article – whenever possible popularly to state adaptation of the main ideas of the theory of decision-making in the conditions of uncertainty to a problem of a choice of the best strategy of the enterprise operating in the conditions of a modern economic crisis.
Topic: Adoption of strategic decisions, methods of support of decision-making
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Science Governance and Scientometrics
by Tatiana V. Chechenkina, Dmitry V. Chuvikov
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The article addresses the issues of the government policy for small and mediumsized enterprises (SMEs). The main focus is on the practical aspects of implementation of the governmentfunded SubProgramme for SMEs development of the Government Programme of the Russian Federation for Economic Development and Innovative Economy. The key goals, tools and results of the SubProgramme are presented. The authors discuss the opportunities provided by the Program, as well as the barriers faced by...
Topics: small enterprise, government support, innovations, competitive advantages, export capacity, quality...
Introduction. This article has attempted to analyze the combination of educational and scientific activities in Russian universities: to identify the leading organizations, on the one hand, and the problems of university science, on the other. The question that interested the author was: whether the best education and the best results of scientific activity in domestic universities coincide? Considerable attention was also paid to the development strategies of universities for humanities and...
Topics: Higher education, scientific activities, economic disciplines, university rankings, university...
Introduction. For many research and development organisations, the prompt supply of consumables is a prerequisite for efficient operation. The article presents changes made to the regulations governing the procurement of consumables for research and development, as well as the assessment of these changes provided by universities and scientific organisations.  Monitoring Tools. This work utilises analysis, generalisation and interpretation of the rule of law. Stakeholder surveys were conducted...
Topics: Consumables for scientific research, samples for scientific research, public procurement, legal...
Science Governance and Scientometrics
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Science Governance and Scientometrics
by V. V. Bogatov, D. S. Syroezhkina
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Scientific collaboration continues to increase in frequency and importance. It has the potential to solve complex scientific problems. The relevance of the research is caused by the role of scientific collaboration in scientific and technological sphere. Scientific collaboration can be defined as a science infrastructure and as a process of intellectual cooperation. The aim of the research is to construct the model of scientific collaboration in Russian science and technology. This has been...
Topics: collaboration, scientific cooperation, scientific organization, intellectual resources, research...
Creating advanced scientific and technical results is not by itself sufficient for providing stable innovative development – their transformation into products, demanded by the market is necessary. To become such products results of intellectual activity need to be protected by intellectual property rights, which are subsequently disposed of. For a number of actors, engaged in research and innovative activity, however, this task meets certain difficulties: public research organizations,...
Topics: electronic resources, intellectual property, patent information provision, patent search, patent...
Science Governance and Scientometrics
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Учитывая тот факт, что современные научные исследования требуют существенных затрат материальных, и не только ресурсов, а полученные в результате знания становятся основанием для принятия весьма серьезных экономических, социальных, политических и т. п. решений,...
Topics: Этика научных исследований, фальсификация научных...
Science Governance and Scientometrics
by Yu. L. Vladimirov, V. P. Tretyak
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Science Governance and Scientometrics
by G. V. Bromberg
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В статье представлен анализ мирового опыта выявления долгосрочных проблем и вызовов в научно-технической сфере, исследованы методы разработки современных форсайтов и приведена классификация методов по частоте использования. Выявлены основные требования к работе...
Topics: Научно-техническое прогнозирование, форсайт, методы...
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Science Governance and Scientometrics
by V. V. Borisov
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The topic of the roundtable discussion is one of the most important priorities in the development of science, technology and engineering in Russia. Panelists discussed the impact of space research on economic development of the country, its technological aspect. Experience shows that research related to space exploration, give a powerful impetus to the development of science and technology and, on the contrary, innovation based on research results obtained in other areas of science, open up new...
Topics: Space exploration, applied results of space research, space innovation, international cooperation...
Article is devoted to the problems which Russian higher education institutions face at management of intellectual property and to searching optimum ways of their solution. the reasons for low activity of higher educational institutions in the field of protection and commercialization of R&D results are analyzed; the European experience of management of intellectual property rights of universities is investigated. Recommendations on more effective management of intellectual property in a...
Topics: University, management of intellectual property, commercialization of R&D results
On June 3-4, 2015 a conference on the development of Core research facilities and Large research facilities was held at the St. Petersburg State University. The conference was organized by the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia. The number of conference participants totaled more than 100 representatives of scientific and educational organizations.
Topics: Core facilities (CKP), Large research facilities (UNU), scientific infrastructure, scientific and...
Science Governance and Scientometrics
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Science Governance and Scientometrics
by Инновационные кластеры, кластерная политика, частно-государственное партнерство
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В статье дается краткий обзор развития кластерной теории. Рассматриваются особенности кластерной политики в современной России и кратко анализируется международный опыт государственной поддержки кластеров.
Topic: D. S. Sokolov
The article is devoted to the problem of the development of an integrated approach to the development and implementation of measures aimed at improving the efficiency of the intellectual capital of Russia. The article proves the thesis about the lack of efficiency of functioning of the national economy, including the sector of high-tech industry – the creator and main «consumer» of intellectual capital, which determines the need to find measures to stimulate the growth of efficiency of this...
Topics: Intellectual capital, the venture capital market, tax incentives, public-private partnerships,...
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There are three basic mechanisms involved in financing of initiative research projects: provisional expenses for public research organizations, selective issuing research grants by public scientific foundations and selective financing of works for state needs. The last mechanism is usually applied in the course of actions specified by federal target programs, and follows regulations, provided by the Federal Law of 21st July, 2005, known as The Law on Government Procurements. A typical example...
Topics: Initiative research project, selective financing, government procurement, criteria of selection
Formation of innovative economy assumes presence of an adequate scientific and innovative infrastructure, which creation and development are impossible today without state participation. Working out of ways to an activity evaluation of objects of a scientific and innovative infrastructure is necessary with a view of maintenance of efficient state support. Given article offers the methodical approach to the decision of this problem.
Topic: Innovative infrastructure, objects of an infrastructure, efficiency, evaluation, initial indicators...
In the article are considered questions of integration of elements and subjects of national innovative system and creation of organizational conditions for advancement of scientific and technical workings out on the commercial market especially for large scientific and technical programs and projects.
Topic: National innovative system, management of scientific and technical sphere, commercialization of...
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The article discusses the problems arising under customs procedure of imported and exported consumables for scientific research. The new Сustoms Сode of the Eurasian Economic Union, which came into force on January 1, 2018, is designed to simplify and accelerate customs procedures through the improvement of administration and the introduction of information technology. The article analyses to what extent the novelties of legislation contribute to increasing the effectiveness of those research...
Topics: customs clearing, EAEU Customs Code, research consumables
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В статье сформулированы основные факторы и принципы совершенствования научно-технологического комплекса России. Рассмотрены функции государства и его роль в развитии научно-технологического комплекса страны. Представлены основные проблемы взаимодействия...
Topics: Научно-технологический комплекс, инновационный...
В статье рассмотрена возможность применения логистического подхода к управлению потоками инноваций; дано определение понятия «потоки инноваций»; раскрыто содержание базовых терминов логистики (логистическая система, логистическое звено, логистическая цепь (сеть),...
Topics: Инновационная система, потоки инноваций,...
Статья посвящена международному опыту проведения региональной инновационной политики. Рассмотрена классификация регионов в соответствии с доступностью знаний, способностями к освоению и распространению знаний и технологий. Определен региональный аспект применения...
Topics: Инновации, технология, регион, типология,...
11–12 марта 2014 года в Российском научно-исследовательском институте экономики, политики и права в научно-технической сфере состоялась (уже девятая по счету) ежегодная научная конференция "Наука, инновации и образование в современной России". Большая часть докладов...
Topic: Конференция РИЭПП
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Topics: информационные и коммуникационные технологии, ИКТ,...
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Science Governance and Scientometrics
by S. V. Egerev, S. A. Zaharova
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Рассматриваются современные формы распределенной исследовательской деятельности, под которой понимают совместное выполнение проектов исследователями или экспертами, использующими новые коммуникационные технологии для удаленной работы и выполняющими эту работу вне...
Topics: Удаленная работа в науке, краудсорсинг
В последнее время в сфере высшего образования России наметились важные сдвиги и новые тренды. Это актуализирует потребность в наличии некоей агрегированной «фотографии» рынка высшего экономического образования страны. В статье предлагается такая картина, построенная...
Topics: Рейтинг университетов, критерии ранжирования,...
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The author considers the role of innovations in social and political processes. The monograph explores legislative basis of the development of institutions with mediator functions in modern Russia, their capacity to promote the development of innovations in the social and political spheres. The author discusses the contradictions in the development of the three institutions with the functions of intermediaries: think tanks, the institution of the Ombudsman for Human Rights, and public advisory...
Topics: Social and political innovation, mediators, think tanks
The scope of the present research is regulations on the professional activities of scientific workers. The subject of the study is the regulation of occupational activities of scientific workers. As part of the research, certain activities and occupations of scientific workers were distinguished. The authors concluded that it is creativity that is the key parameter of a scientist’s work, and that this should be the basis of the formation of occupational standards for scientific workers. As...
Topics: Research and development activities, scientific workers, occupational standard, generalized labor...
After proving to be highly effective in technical fields, digital transformation is now making its way into the social field as well. The digital transformation of routine procedures is developing most successfully; the sheer scale of operations makes the results of digital transformation very obvious, which inspires hopes for similar success in applying the same methods to the activities of public authorities. This review covers the concept of the digital transformation of the government, as...
Topics: Digital transformation, bureaucratic reform, governance trends, big data, distribution of power and...
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Introduction. The development and deployment of professional guidelines for research organisation administrators and heads of research at research organisations are motivated by the ever-growing productivity requirements for research and scientific and technical activity. They are also motivated by the quality requirements for the results of research and their practical application, as well as the area of activity and qualification requirements for administrators and heads of research. The...
Topics: Professional guidelines, research organisation administrator, head of research, job functions, job...