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Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation

The studies presented in this collection are related to the area of education in a very broad sense. They comprise experiments based on psychological, linguistic, and information science theories and models, which have been applied to both single individuals and samples.



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The report is a bibliographical account of German literature on television as a technical aid in education and in pedagogical and psychological research. The bibliography covers publications produced between 1960 and 1970.
Topics: television, technical aid, bibliographic data, subject index, name index
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Abstract The present discussion is meant to serve the explanation of significant novelties, resulting from a search through the text of the human rights preamble. Through the explicit functional relation of termini of its states, state attractions have been shown to have the capacity to enhance the fundamental relationship between the themes and the motifs incorporated into the preamble. It follows that their common causal determination can be treated as the efficient definition of...
Topics: Perspective Text Analysis (PTA), string movements, space concept, mirror strategy, text dynamics,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
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To an ever-increasing extent, in scientific investigations of various kinds are data collected, which consists of verbal expressions. They may have been generated through verbal presentations, personal interviews, open questions or written accounts. Therefore, it is not unusual that an investigator is confronted with data collections that appear to be âunstructuredâ and of an extent that it seems to be an insurmountable task to extract the information content with so-called informal methods,...
Topics: Perspective Text Analysis, AaO model, running text, functional text geometry
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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The purpose of the discussion in this introductory chapter is to give an evolutionary background to a method developed for the analysis of language seen as expression of intention and morality. The method is named “Perspective Text Analysis. This name indicates that beyond the physical dimension of a text there is a metaphysical one, which can be discovered by a formal mechanism. The fundamental component of this mechanism is the Agent, which controls the perspective of the text. It has...
Topics: cognition, AaO system, intention, morality, agent, control, mentality
This report is a fifth bibliographic account of literature concerning television as a technical aid in education and in educational and psychological research and contains materials published during the period 1971 to 1974. The references are classified according to 8 main categories, each having 4 subdivisions. The bibliography contains references, which are a result of computer search in the files of ERIC, ISI and SSCI. Dissertation Abstracts International and research literature available...
Topics: microteaching, television, computer search, technical aids
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Practicable methods for a thorough, reliable and valid analysis of content are fundamental for the behavioural scientist who is working with sets of verbal data. This report presents principles and methodological suggestions of data collections and data analyses. Problems of reliability and validity are discussed in connection with given examples. Methods and techniques for computer-based content analyses are also introduced. Finally some international trends in the methodological development...
Topics: concept, formation, psycho-linguistics, scaling, description, statistics, regression, verbal data
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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This technical report from the I&D project summarizes studies made on a 40 years production by a sample of educational researchers in Sweden. The problem dealt with concerns quantitative distributions of the languages in which the works are written and the results of a program for automatic language separation. The separating capacity of various languages is compared with respect to bibliographic data of a scientific work. Word frequencies are discussed as to content and structure and some...
Topics: computational linguistics, computerbased lexicology, scientific information, language separation,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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This manual is a result of empirical studies of interview materials. It is based on a model for the formalisation of text,which is developed on research within the fields of psychology and linguistics.With this background a psycho­linguistic model  is outlined on which a computer-based content analysis technique has been worked out. The presentation of the manual follows the stages of the model. The main part consists of the coding rules  together with authentic examples and technical...
Topics: computer-based content analysis, psycholinguistics, computational linguistics, interview data,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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The purpose of constructing measures of the concepts (1) quality of life and (2) dignity was to assess the possibility of self-actualisation and the constraints on life within each of three simulated social organisations. The potential predictors of the first experiment were derived by a factor analytic study of 51 statements based on N = 271 subjects. The extracted scales are (1) adaptability-security, (2) freedom of action, and (3) physical existence. The predictors of the second study were...
Topics: behavioural science, basic models, assessment, dignity, life quality
This report describes a Swedish contribution to computer-based content analysis research. The method is compared to international conventions regarding the treatment of text for computer-based analysis. An account is given of how a dictionary can be built up  on the basis of the Swedish language. The coding of the text is based on a theory about thought structures and the report describes the way in which this theory can be converted into a system for coding concepts and relations. The system...
Topics: computer-based content analysis, cognitive models, conceptual dependency theory, coding system,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk & Bernhard Bierschenk
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The basic hypothesis of the presented contribution is that mind is an emergent property of the processes that produce natural language expressions. The shape of the mind of a particular person can be discovered through the mechanisms forming the corresponding language space. Although covered by textual surface properties, this space is approachable with VERTEX which is a new version of Perspective Text Analysis (PTA). Due to the Agent-action-Objective (AaO) axiom, it has been possible to...
Topics: functional text geometry, PTA/Vertex, text processiong, AaO model, algorithmic coding
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
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Abstract    Six modern translations into the (1) Swedish, (2) Danish, (3) English, (4) German, (5) French and (6) Italian languages have been made the foundation for the stablishment of potential energy surfaces (PES) as well as free energy surfaces (FES). The experimental treatment of the Italian translation will begin in behavioural terms. Structural relations are produced which make up the precondition for the production of the named relationship between emerging state attractions. To...
Topics: European mentality, perspectivation, reception literature, AaO formalism, global trend, inside...
L ooking with a holistic perspective at a Bellman Song means considering a certain kind of energy investment. Lest its underlying cause can be established, it would be unlikely to detect changes that will affect the conceptual configuration of a song. A geometric point of view on magnitude and direction needs to be calculated and presented in the form of Potential Energy Surfaces (PES). Especially PES graphs are much more than just depictions of rhythms. Their unfolding is manifesting the...
Topics: bellman, song, energy investment, state attractions, poetry, AaO mechanisms, bi-componential...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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The significance of a quote of the Gothic King Athaulf resides not in its physical reality, but in its hypothetical mental share, which can be approach on the basis of the Agent-action-Objective [AaO] paradigm. By analysing the quote of the King, important conclusions can be drawn of its significance for present-day politics. However, the explanations can be given only through an account of what is in the links of the corresponding textual expression. Therefore, its underlying intention and...
Topics: German, tribes, Gothic, European, limits, migration, competition, Roman, Empire, strategy,...
An experimental study was carried out at the Malmö School of Education in 1969 and 1970 for the purpose of studying the effects on the self-assessment of student teachers of, firstly, externally mediated self-confrontation processes (via closed-circuit television and video-recording), and secondly, dyadic confrontation processes (in the form of traditional tutoring). Detailed reports on the background, design and result of the experiment have been presented in Swedish. The present report gives...
Topics: microteaching, self-assessment, external, mediation, self-confrontation, CCTV, VR, dyadic...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Because computer-oriented researchers apply cognitive notions such as meaning, symbol and understanding, or concept, cognition and knowledge, it has become mandatory to inquire into the traditional explanatory models of science, including behaviourism. The article outlines the steering and control mechanism that has governed a new outlook in which subjective mental states become functionally interactive and essential for a full explanation of conscious behaviour. The presented model has...
Topics: phase relations, design structure, axiomatic basis, recurrent factorial design
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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The mental event horizon of law maker can be analysed, based on the Agentaction-Objective [AaO] paradigm. The roots of [A] and [O] are used with the purpose to explain structural novelties, resulting from an approach to Hammurabi’s Epilogue to his code of Law. Though, the particular operations of translating the code into English and the production of corresponding rotations have an influence on the developing spaces of intention and orientation. The concept of a landscape allows for the...
Topics: Perspective Text Analysis (PTA), energy landscape, character, endorsement, law code, Hammurabi,...
The objective of this and the two forthcoming articles is to describe the fundamental discontinuities of human existence. The reason for starting with entrepreneurship is twofold. The entrepreneurial sciences represent a tradition the subject matter of which is change, and the relation between the singular and the super singular constitutes a problem which has frustrated the cognition of human activity. The analysis of some classic theories of entrepreneurship shows that - given a sufficient...
Topics: entrepreneurship, discontinuity, dialectic logic, existence, global perspective
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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The discussion in this article takes its point of departure in the generally accepted position of cognition-oriented scientists that intelligent behaviour requires an organism/formalism, which can abstract information from the environment. By examining some operationalised schema models the author shows to what extent these have been capable of explaining the development of behaviourally meaningful cognitive functions. The discussion of the models is oriented towards techniques for specifying...
Topics: organism, formalism, cognitive functions, schema model, progressive behaviour, autonomous observer,...
Stimulated by the general philosophical idea oflogical positivism Edgar A. Singer, early in the 1920s made the radical suggestion that behaviour does not have mentalcauses. His thesis, further developed and modified by Arturo Rosenblueth, Norbert Wiener and Julian Bigelow in the early 1940s, has come to be termed behaviouralteleology. The principal motivation for Gerd Sommerhoff was in the beginnings of the 1950s to disjoin the behavioural approach from all notions of mind, mental statesand...
Topics: competence, Targeted system analysis, goal-directed behaviour, visible social texture, association,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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This article presents and discusses a model for analyzing abstract invariant relationships between concepts and conceptualizations, linguistically expressed in generalized descriptions (scientific titles) of information processing. The model assumes conceptual information to be directly picked up by means of prepositions distinguishing intention from orientation. The precise organizing functions of prepositions have led to the construction of an algorithm which makes possible a generalized...
Topics: intermediate language, AaO paradigm, structure, concept, recognition, prepositions, algorithmic
The significance of a citation of China’s Xi Jinping, incorporating Confucius’ sayings, resides not in its physical reality, but in core values, which imply the Agent [A] of the [AaO] formalism as the intentional force in a relationship to the Objective [O] and thus the idea of self-orientation. It follows that the intention of Xi needs to be mediated through an exchange of properties that are duty-bound with respect to self-cultivation, their family, community and society. Stated in terms...
Topics: Xi Jinping, Asian philosophy, Confucius, self-cultivation, energy landscapes, Family values, AaO...
This presentation is based on a method for analysing the verbal flow in text building behaviour. This method is called Perspective Text Analysis (PTA). It locates and makes use of the discontinuities in produced text. Its task is to characterise the mechanism that governs language production and to foster an understanding of the actual processes of movement in language. The study of this phenomenon is founded on the experimental conditions provided by the famous Visual Cliff. It is assumed that...
Topics: phase, dependency, textual agent, linkage mechanism, energy, quantities, AaO coupling, linear...
This report is an initial description and analysis of developmental trends in educational research in Sweden since 1937. The analysis is based on an attempt to give a quantitative description of accessible knowledge. The starting point is a strictly random generated sample of researchers in this field. The analysis indicates that the flow of knowledge mainly depends on a very small but highly active group of researchers.
Topics: knowledge, development, quantitative, longitudinal, empirical, I&D, psychology, bibliometrics,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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Abstract   There is a conviction among leading beer historians that Hildegard von Bingen introduced hops as additive in beer, although there exist several skeptical voices about it. The aim of this article is to give a contribution to the elucidation of some facts in this matter. Two texts were analyzed with Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/Vertex), which captures internal relationships in texts. The first analysis concerned the widely referred translation of chapter 61 about the hop plant in...
Topics: Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/Vertex), text geometry, translation, Hildegard von Bingen, middle...
This article presents a longitudinal study of a comprehensive experiment carried out in a natural learning environment. Its issue has been to consider the relationship between development and growth by intra-individual comparisons. According to an evolutionary scale , pure literature has been selected in the course of a modular curriculum , developed for the Gymnasium level. With respect to the comprehension of the main idea of five literary works at five occasions during three years two...
Topics: natural learning environment, longitudinal study, comprehension, writing style, individual...
An attempt to modify perception and evaluation of student teachers with the aid of self-confrontation mediated with video recordings on one hand and conventional tutoring on the other is the subject of this report. Background to the experiment, a detailed description of the layout and a presentation of the measuring instruments are given together with evaluation of the internal and external validity of the taken approach. The report provides basic data for the doctoral thesis...
Topics: self-confrontation, teacher training, tutoring, cctv, micro-lessons, video-recording, experimental...
Title in English: “Studies in student teachers’ language use in teaching situations”. Subtitle: “Experiments in analyzing stereotypic expressions by three different measures”. When student teachers by videotape technology have been confronted with their own teaching at two teaching sessions to assess their language use, it has been shown that they have done very well in their estimation of themselves. As the “objective” measure educational experts were used. The differences in...
Topics: language use, verbal performance, experiment, educational experts, panel assessments,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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This report contains a summary of an interview study. The investigation has been carried out with the aim to explore the initial phase of the research process. According to a model, based on a theory of general systems, results are presented concerning the perception, structuring and definition of educational and psychological research problems. The results are summarised in accordance to the resources and constraints, which steer research planning.
Topics: research policy, system analysis, interview data, empirical research
In a research project on search and steering strategies in educational and psychological research planning,  interviews with researchers working in departments of educational and psychological research are being analysed. The present report deals with the first step in developing a computer-based content analysis control of inter-coder agreement in syntactic-concept based coding of interview materials. The report discusses the actual inter-coder agreement and pro­poses directions for further...
Topics: content analysis, reliability testing, coder agreement, interview data
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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This report presents a comprehensive description of the computing methods used for testing ANACONDA (Analysis of Concepts by Data processing). Of special importance is the program developed for identification of words in the text with words in the dictionary. In the form of an appendix some background information to the ANACONDA method is given.
Topics: computer language, program development, word identification, matching procedure
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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A graphical expression or display has to depict crucial structural qualities of thought in such a way that a person can capture its intention by extracting higher order components. These are assumed to be shapeless and formless. The present article gives a demonstration of what is meant by an experimental manipulation of the Function factor as well as of the outcome when both the Type and the Function factor are allowed to co-vary. When a psychological analysis is more oriented toward...
Topics: type, function, belief, behaviour, condition, psycho-physics, reduction, deduction, cycles, paranoia
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Jytte Bang & Ole Elstrup Rasmussen
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On the basis of a dialogue between two students engaged in solving a problem, it is argued that the students differ in their problem-solving capabilities, that is, they reduce the complexity of the situation in different ways. It is also argued that the students do not exhibit the same form of competence. In other words, they make sense of the complex situation in different ways. Further, it is maintained that existing theories are able to explain different aspects of the problem-solving...
Topics: problem solving, learning, competence, control, achievement
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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The present article is based on the premise that mind is an emergent property of the processes that produce consciousness. Any scientific understanding must necessarily consider the need of an explanation of consciousness. Instead, the non-sense property of traditional scientific modelling appears to hide the phenomenon. In contrast, the explored hypothesis is based on the assumption that the meaningfulness of natural language is the carrier of consciousness. It is assumed that the structural...
Topics: shapes of mind, AaO-axiom, consciousness, non-linear dynamics, awareness, causal loop diagram,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
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  Since the reception of Tacitus in Europe, Germania was seen as a useful text for the interpretation of political events. Many of the translators assumed a secret code and thought to find it for an autonomous study of politics. The promotion of translations had contributed to looking at Tacitus from the outside. For overcoming this impediment, the present study is outlining the Agent-action-Objective strategy, which makes possible to look at text from the inside. Thereby, it has become...
Topics: European mentality, perspectivation, reception literature, AaO formalism, global trend, inside...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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The presented study builds on the Agent-action-Objective (AaO) principle. It accommodates a unique theoretical framework for the development of a radically new methodological approach to the scientific study of intentionality and orientation. This approach will be called Scanator. It provides the means for rigorous measurement and representation of such mental phenomena as consciousness and consequently the subtle structures of mentality. Fundamental to this methodological development has been...
Topics: monozygotic twins, AaO principle, mass-independence, informational interaction, text production,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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This article connects to the present day awareness of educators at all levels that the methods for measurement and testing of knowledge have to be reconsidered and modernised. For it is not the definition of knowledge that has changed since the 1968 student revolution; what has changed is how it is valued. Moreover, the general opinion among educators is that knowledge is the result of the student’s analytical ability. Therefore, the tasks of examination are mostly of the analytical kind....
Topics: teaching device, examination, criterion-related, degree, difficulty, aspiration level, conceptual...
Within a research project on computer-based content analysis empirically specified content of nouns is assumed to come about through weighted verbs and adjectives  connected with the nouns. Based on this assumption noun clusters have been established. This study tries to find out a method for measuring the function of adverbs within the adjectival structure. It is namely possible that the weight of the respective adjectives could change in connection with modifiers in such a degree that the...
Topics: psycholinguistics, psychometrics, cluster analysis, modifiers, content analysis
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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This is the second article on the competence theme, which aims at demonstrating the consequences of a new educational paradigm, namely materials-directedness. By this is meant the conceptual control of the built-in disparity of educational materials. By means of a new method for structural analysis (in a biological sense), it is shown how conceptual relations and dimensions of a literary text are laid bare. The demonstration text, which is a description of the idea of behaviourism, is analysed...
Topics: structure, educational materials, behaviourism, concepts
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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This article is a discussion of the possibility of changing the view of knowledge producing activities toward a competence directed education. After presentation of the traditional behaviouristic model and its consequences when applied on teaching, a new concept of competence is suggested, which differs from the concept of qualification. An important part of the article deals with the evaluation as an idea and a method for quality control. It is shown that evaluation of teacher effectiveness is...
Topics: competence, evaluation research, goal-directedness
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk &Jan Mattsson
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Modern behavioural research focuses on the possibility of a direct measurement of value preferences. These are conceived as important casual variables of behaviour. The article presents a method and a procedure for the measurement and representation of human value factors. By means of Perspective Text Analysis mental processes of workers from Sweden, England, West Germany, Italy and the United States were captured and topographically represented elsewhere. In this study, the mental processes...
Topics: axiology, Perspective Text Analysis, value types, Hartman, reference order, multinational company,...
New types of information- and documentation systems are developed in most countries of the world. Several types of information have been available, but in spite of highly advanced techniques, no programs are yet handling multi-lingual information. This report presents a program, which separates titles of research documents automatically. The search program is based on the matching of specific cues in six languages, which coincide with patterns in the titles. It is shown that the English...
Topics: computational linguistics, computerbased lexicology, scientific information, language separation,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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This report gives an account of some problems, connected with factor analytic data processing. The presentation is of a non-technical kind and concentrated on the description of data processing on several levels. Furthermore, the features of the models of analysis are described, however without an attempt to provide a more systematic and complete presentation. For a more thorough study, the complexity of the subject would require a type of disposition provided in Child, D. (1970). The...
Topics: theoretical constructions, data levels, multiple classifications, samples, error analysis, error...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Based on the typical tasks required in ability testing, a general conclusion drawn in the international research literature is that intelligence is not different from e.g. McClelland's achievement testing. To many psychologists this means that the concept of competence is insignificant and that intelligence as well as related aptitude tests are sufficient in the assessment of performance. Further, it is generally assumed that the intelligence quotient (IQ) constitutes a measure of cognitive...
Topics: behavioural foundation, IQ, assortive mating, filter, unfolding competence, text production,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
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This article is the second one of three presenting a framework, a method, and results respectively of a study of the ways in which people formulate their observations. The starting-point of this part is a discussion of the assumptions underlying analytical and class-based models. It is shown that the analytical approach to a measurement of cognition is inappropriate. The typically human ability to cooperative actions requires an instrument accounting for synthesis that is the schematising...
Topics: synthetic assumption, analytic proposition, unrestricted response, class-based procedures,...
This report contains a summarised description of the experimental design, results and implications of separately published analyses. The aim of the investigation has been to study the effects of traditional tutoring and self-confrontation via closed circuit television and video-recording on student teachers' self-assessment. In addition, the report contains recommendations for further research and for further analyses of data already collected.
Topics: teacher training, micro-lessons, CCTV, videotape, experiment
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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While there are a number of archaeological references to brewing of beer as early as 1200 BC, there are besides picturing drinking-horns, no references to early drinking customs. Fortunately, significant similarities among the Germanic tribes have been noted as early as about 100 AC which suggest commonalty in drinking as a formal ritual activity. Tacitus’ writing about beer drinking can be tested against the hypothesis of Charles Choi (2010) that ‘Beer Lubricated the Rise of...
Topics: Zeitgeist, beer drinking, Germanic rituals, customs, knowledge acquisition, transfer, civilization,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk, Helge Helmersson, & Bengt Lohmander
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Traditionally, respecting peopleâs choice is considered equal with respecting people. Founded on the premise of choice, elaborated and hierarchically organized organisations have been built up to guarantee growth of living standard for securing quality of life. This article reports on a study, which questions the adequacy of this premise. Three models of feasible societies have been used to study the way in which people prefer one or the other with respect to how uncertain or certain they are...
Topics: Swedish model, projected societies, Latin-square, canonical discriminant analysis, discriminant...
Abstract The material in the study has historical dimensions and refers to a text, produced by Anders Fryxell in 1842. The story concerns the first journey to Sweden by Queen Kristina after her abdication. The purpose of using the paragraph has been to circumvent present-day connotations. The Agent-action-Objective (AaO) paradigm has been in focus during the past decades and was made the foundation for the development of the AaO-mechanism which is concentrating on the interplay between...
Topics: AaO paradigm, Perspective Text Analysis, PTA-Vertex, text topology, text geometry, energy...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk & Bernhard Bierschenk
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The present work is based on the Kantian (AaO) axiom and conceptualised as a textbook. As scientific in the true sense of the notion science, the Vertex version of Perspective Text Analysis (PTA) represents a completely new approach to text-based studies. The inter-lingual character of Vertex has been tested and established in the context of six different languages, four belonging to the German family and two to the Roman family. The actual presentation concerns the Swedish version. Vertex...
Topics: functional text geometry, energy landscapes, perspective text analysis (PTA), Kantian AaO-axiom,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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Abstract  The article reports on a study whose focus is on a mainly American mentality that has been brought to the fore through the kind of movements that stigmatise sexual relations. Women’s resistance and revenge as functioning witchcraft against men’s factual or fictive  abuse has been discussed by a female American author in the light of cases concerning men in power positions. A minor portion of her article was analysed with Perspective Text Analysis (PTA/Vertex), which is based on...
Topics: defamation, abuse, witchcraft, witch hunt, metoo, misogyny, human rights, women's rights, natural...
Scanator provides the basis for this work. Scanator is a modern, ecological psychophysics encompassing a cohesive set of theories and methods for the study of mental functions. Within the framework of Scanator we can study competence, i.e. the capacity for making sense in complex situations. Scanator does not, however, include a functional model to explain how various forms of sense making are co-operatively co-ordinated. This thesis develops such a model, which forms a theoretical expression...
Topics: self-reference, AaO system, discontinuity, leadership, existence, holophors
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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Abstract    The present discussion serves the emergence and explanation of significant theoretical novelties, which are related to the presence of the Wuhan virus. A search for fundamental and intangible relations has been enhanced through the explicitness of the functional state ˗ termini relations of the dimensions of Intention and Orientation . Their common causal determination has been treated as efficient definition of adaptation and consequently transformational fitness. Essential to...
Topics: Pandemic, disease, viral, respiratory, tract infection, testing, slowing down, spread infection,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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 The present discussion serves the explanation of the Carolingian steps taken to transform Germanic Barbarism into Western European Civilization. Instrumental is the inscription, engraved into the Shield of Roland of Bremen. Although covered by textual surface properties, its conceptual space is approachable on the basis of the (AaO) axiom. Since corresponding state attractors make up geometric landscapes, they are building up their own unique development of micro structures. A treatment of...
Topics: Perspective Text Analysis, PTA-Vertex, text geometry, Carolingians, barbarism Western European...
The report is divided into five subparts: Part 1 gives a general presentation of the training and research organisation of the School of Education and its functions and relations in the educational system of Sweden. Part 2 gives a description of the organisation and goals of the several training sections at the School of Education and of the training schools connected with the School of Education. Part 3 contains a survey of the organisation, function and research activities of the Department...
Topics: Sweden, teacher, education, research, profile, training, school, timetable, study
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Scientific communication presumes a well functioning information and documentation system. Information retrieval systems have been designed for making possible rapid and precise answers to inquiries. This report includes (1) a short survey of international and national documentation activities, (2) a description of rules and criteria to be used and the way these can be applied in an information retrieval system, and (3) some empirical results, identifying the needs for information and the uses...
Topics: information needs, information uses, computer-based literature search, retrieval systems
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
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The focus of the presentation is on the individual’s comprehension of “citizenship”. Study and analysis of citizenship concerns a person’s co-operative interaction with various physical and social surroundings as well as the cognitive integration of these surroundings. A person can achieve this integration through development of his abilities of judgement. Thus the aim is to make apparent the kinds of judgement that have been manifested on the basis of three different sequences of...
Topics: citizenship, projection, future, cognitive integration
The present paper is intended to give an account of the reactions of 19 years old students of a Swedish Gymnasium to some 20 th century ideas and their social implementation. The students were exposed to three potential developments of future societies and thereafter an extended course on modern literature took place. All participating students, in all 90 subjects, were re-tested on the same three videotape societies. The purpose with his test-retest design was to study the possible impact of...
Topics: literature, model society, educational profile, scientific paradigms
Abstract     Human language ability is usually seen as an effect of a sudden leap in genetic mutation that equipped man with a frame of generative rules for language production. Noam Chomsky’s idea implies that communication between people and over time would be a matter of agreeing on what categories shall be put into the framework. Thus, a skeptical attitude towards the depicting ability of language can be found among scholars who adhere to this agreement. However, the premise of the...
Topics: Language geometry, AaO formalism, non-linear analysis, energy landscapes, biology of language,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk & Inger Bierschenk
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This article presents a study in cognitive economics. It originates from a survey of mechanics  carried out by a Swedish multinational machine industry. The verbal response of seven US and seven Swedish mechanics to three open questions  concerning information needs were analysed with Perspective Text Analysis. Only configurations building on significant groupings, which do not fall below the lower limit  of t. 90 of the t-distribution, are retained in the analysis. The structures embedded...
Topics: cognitve, economics, structure, dimensionality, workers, multinational, industry
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Bernhard Bierschenk
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Five reports are planned on translating the original Latin text of Chapter 44 of Tacitus’ Germania, into Swedish, Danish, English, French and German . The present study concerns the Swedish version which points towards configurations that, with respect to the original text on the Suiones, have produced dissimilarities in the dimensions of Intention (Int) and Orientation (Ort). Founded on space divisions, rigorous examinations have been carried out on the validity of the involved...
Topics: european mentality, screening, reception literature, AaO formalism, global trend, inside analysis,...
This work presents a longitudinal didactic experiment based on the idea that literature, especially fiction, can serve as a basis for developing competence. Of critical importance is the teacher’s knowledge of the variation of conceptual depth in teaching materials. Based on five empirically discovered degrees of difficulty in literary texts, examples of writers and novels suitable as teaching materials for each degree are discussed. Further, a three-year authentic program in the subject of...
Topics: competence, didactics, longitudinal, high school, training, Swedish, synthesis, literature, fiction
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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The assumption in this article is that consciousness can be transferred and transformed over times, over texts, and over cultures, provided that a high-quality medium can perform satisfactorily in order to reflect this consciousness. The assumption implies that consciousness is embedded in a style of writing. When sensing a text from earlier times, a reader must be able to pick up the structural relations of this text and mediate them in its own style of writing. In this study, the medium is a...
Topics: consciousness, writing style, language space, transformation, structural stability, literary...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Ole Elstrup Rasmussen & Jørgen Aage Jensen
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This report includes a presentation of basic theoretical and methodological assumptions for investigating the relationship between competence and qualifications by means of simulation tasks. An analysis of the types of tasks that have been used in the study of problem solving psychology serves as a background for an exposition of the relationship between competence and qualifications. The vehicle for investigating competence and qualification is the INTOPIA program, which involves a task that...
Topics: problem, solving, competence, intopia, program, pilot, study, behaviour model
This is the last article in a series of three, the objective of which is to describe the fundamental discontinuities of human existence. In the first article: The fundamental concepts of human existence and the relation between the singular and the super-singular, it is shown, among other things, that a number of classic theories have three fundamental concepts of development in common: canalization that encompasses transference of something from one another, correlation that encompasses...
Topics: self-reference, AaO system, human, existence, discontinuity, perspectivation
The major assumption made is that language as a natural system is both self-organising and self-referential. Compared to common syntactic-semantic approaches, the present approach is ecological and builds on the unambiguous identification of textual agents and agencies together with their objectives. Because information transaction cannot be studied without an emphasis on the text producer’s text building behaviour, his intended and oriented schematising as unitizing activity has been focused...
Topics: perspective, control, agent, integration, entanglement, text building, behaviour, information law,...
This report suggests a new approach to quantification of the relationships within a whole sentence and presents a system for the analysis of concepts by data processing (ANACONDA). The psychological model for ANACONDA is outlined and a first measure building up concepts with an empirical root is discussed. Panel assessments have been used for quantification resulting in high reliability scores. By means of cluster analysis the empirical materials concerning researchers' views of scientific...
Topics: psycholinguistics, concept formation, cognition, interview data, psychometrics, regression analysis
When a society plans the upbringing and education of its members, irrespective of age and level, one absolute requirement must be that it develops their ability of self-determination. A psycho-ecological approach to a study of the individual's self-cognition (perception and evaluation) and self-determination (i.e. development of plans of action) focuses on the mutual relations existing between the individual and his environment, and the dynamics of these relations. More concretely, the aim is...
Topics: simulation, behaviour strategies, transition matrix, event design
An experimental study was carried out at the Malmö School of Education in 1969 and 1970 for the purpose of studying the effects on the self-assessment of student teachers of, firstly, externally mediated self-confrontation processes (via closed-circuit television and video-recording), and secondly, dyadic confrontation processes (in the form of traditional tutoring). Detailed reports on the background, design and result of the experiment have been presented in Swedish. The present report gives...
Topics: micro-teaching, closed circuit television, video-recording, teacher training, self-confrontation,...
The article is advancing the bio-kinetic hypothesis of string rotation. Demonstrated is a stepping function. This function shows that the discovered mechanism is working within single "AaO" units. By attaching a dot to the string, states of rotation can be marked and imaged in real time. In keeping track of the orientation of the dot, sliding over the domains (A, O) is demonstrated and the involved state changes have been made manifest. Textually, it is demonstrated that the...
Topics: movement, rotation, string, language, space, experiment, control, semantic-free, coordination-free,...
This report contains analyses of the results of student teachers' self-assessment and the assessment by pedagogical experts on videotaped protocol material. The data have been analysed by means of ANOVA and canonical correlations. Further, the ANOVA has been carried out in three steps: Analysis of (1) structure of the F-tests, (2) precision and power and (3) post hoc analyses. Canonical correlations have been analysed with regard to (1) significant bi-variate relations, (2) the relations...
Topics: CCTV-experiment, assessments, educational experts, self-confrontation, contrast analysis, Anova,...
The goal of the study presented in this paper is based on the idea that James Gibson proposed a radical and productive ecological approach not only to the study of perception but also to conception. The present experiment is an attempt to generalise Gibsonâs approach to understanding peoplesâ perception and conception of their social and cultural environment. The experiment has been designed within a multivariate experimental frame and was carried out with 160 lower division university...
Topics: observer, environment, involvement, representation, function, Latin-square, discriminant function
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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Language processing can hardly be discussed without a statement of the fundamentals on which the instrumentation rests. The models and their operationalisation express the linguist's starting-points, more or less conscious, when he faces the phenomenon of language. A commonly accepted position in linguistics is that language is a set of culturally transmitted conventions. The language describing these conventions is called a linguistic model when it forms some systematics. To linguists this...
Topics: agent function, Kantian schema, AaO-model, perspective control, empirical validity
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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The purpose of the discussion in this article is to give an evolutionary background to a method developed for the analysis of language seen as expression of intention and morality. The method is named “Perspective Text Analysis”. This name indicates that beyond the physical dimension of a text there is a metaphysical one, which can be discovered by a formal mechanism. The cue component of this mechanism is the Agent, which controls the perspective of the text. It has developed as a...
Topics: language evolution, AaO-axiom, consciousness, language model, perspective control, Kantian schema,...
Studies in Consciousness, Intention and Orientation
by Inger Bierschenk
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This article presents the prerequisites and implications of a new method called Perspective Text Analysis. The discussion concerns some basic differences in social science and linguistic approaches to language modelling and its consequences. The concepts of organisation and structure are contrasted and it is shown and explained the reason why these concepts are mixed up in models of language and texts. In the model presented, text is conceptualised as an exact depiction of the continuous and...
Topics: organisation, structure, cutting edge, information flow