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S. R 

United States Department of Agriculture^ 

OEFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION, 

CHARLES J. BRAND. Cuiep. 



SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

NO. 18. 1 




CONTENTS. 



Tagc. 



Opinions of general interest regarding ques- 
tions arising under the United States grain 
standards act 1 

Classification constituting system or grading 
used in interstate or foreign commerce 
must conform to the official grain stand- 
ard soft he United States 1 

Glades used in interstate or foreign com- 
merce must conform to the official grain 
standards of the United States; condi- 
tions under which grain may be shipped 
between noninspection points without 
inspection 3 

Use of explanatory terms an L statements in 
addition to names of grades 4 

Suggested benefits to the country shipper 
under the act 5 

Statement regarding grade in transactions 
involving shipments between noninspec- 
tion points G 

Inspection of grain for eacb shipment; possi- 
ble violations of the act 7 

Inspections for intrastate and interstate 
shipments 8 

Inspection of grain by licensed inspector at 
a point en route 9 

Requirements regarding inclusion in records 
of inspections the names of persons for 
whom services performed 10 



Tage. 



Opinions of general interest regarding ques- 
tions arising under tho United States grain 
standards act— Continued. 

Applicability of inspection requirements of 
act 10 

Time for appeals; choice of inspeel ion 
points; when appeal may lie entertained. 11 

Inspection in case of resale and reconsign- 

ment 12 

Letters to Federal grain supervisors contain- 
ing opinions of general interest 13 

Conditions under which an appeal may bo 
entertained; interest ed parties in transac- 
tion 13 

Methods and equipment used by licensed 
inspectors in determining grit Lc 14 

Inspections for the purpose of importations. H 

Making of second moisture test by inspector 
without reinspection 15 

Dailyrecordof licensed inspector must con- 
tain all prescribe I information; informa- 
tion as to amount of grain going into stor- 
age; by whom certificate of grade to be 
signed 15 

Conditions under which an appeal may bo 
entertained; specifying destination of cars 16 
Notice to shippers of shelled corn regarding 

Regulat ion 7 under the act 17 

Correction in Service and Regulatory An- 
nouncements No. 14 18 



OPINIONS OF GENERAL INTEREST REGARDING QUESTIONS ARIS- 
ING UNDER THE UNITED STATES GRAIN STANDARDS ACT. 

1. CLASSIFICATION CONSTITUTING SYSTEM OF GRADING USED IN INTERSTATE 
OR FOREIGN COMMERCE MUST CONFORM to THE OFFICIAL GRAIN STAND- 
ARDS OF THE UNITED STATES. 

Gentlemen: Reference is made i<» your letter of November 16, 1916, ad- 
dressed to Dr. J. W. T. Duvel of this department, which has been transmitted 
to this office for reply. 

You inclose an announcement issued by you under date of October 20, 1916, 
headed "New Corn — Gbades — Teems," which states that you will bid for new 
corn as follows : 

Yellow milling corn must 1)0 straight yellow, sound, cool, and sweet, and 
subject to discount for moisture over 17^. per cent. 

1 Previous numbers in this series which relate to the l.'ui ted States grain standards 
act arc: \<>s. 11 to 15 and No. 17. 
77297°— 17 1 



2 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AND BUBAL ORGANIZATION. [S. R. A., 



Yellow feed corn must be To per cent yellow, sound, cool, and sweet, and sub- 
ject to discount for moisture over 17J per cent. 

White milling corn must be fully 9S per cent white, sound, cool, and sweet, 
and subject to discount for moisture over 17* per cent. 

White feed corn must be SO per cent white, sound, cool, and sweet, and sub- 
ject to discount for moisture over 17* per cent. 

Discounts for excessive moisture are based on the actual amount of mois- 
ture. Until further advised discounts will be figured at the rate of 1 cent per 
bushel for each 1 per cent of moisture over 17* per cent. Therefore, corn 
testing 18 per cent would be discounted § cent per bushel ; corn testing IS* 
per cent would be discounted 1 cent per bushel : corn testing 19 per cent would 
be discounted 1* cent per bushel for moisture. 

Corn running over 22 per cent of moisture may be rejected as unfit for our 
milling requirements. Corn in heating or damaged condition or containing any 
material percentage of damaged or cob-rotten kernels, being unsuitable for our 
purposes, will be rejected. 

You also inclose a form of postal card on which you will bid for yellow 
milling corn subject to discount for moisture over 17* per cent, white milling 
corn subject to discount for moisture over 17^ per cent, and yellow feed corn 
SO per cent yellow or better, subject to discount for moisture ; and another form 
of postal card on which you will bid for yellow milling corn subject to discount 
for moisture over 17* per cent and white milling corn subject to discount for 
moisture over 17* per cent. The shipments are to be made subject to your 
weights and inspection, and in one of the postal cards you state. ••Grain miss- 
ing grade and unfit for our use will be turned over to any commission firm 
requested." 

You ask whether there is anything in the way your terms are outlined in 
the cards attached which would in any way bring you into conflict with the 
provisions of the United States grain standards act. 

Section 4 of the act provides as follows: 

That whenever standards shall have been fixed and established under this 
act for any grain no person" thereafter shall ship or deliver for shipment in 
interstate or foreign commerce any such grain which is sold, offered for sale, 
or consigned for sale by grade unless the grain shall have been inspected and 
graded by an inspector licensed under this act and the grade by which it is 
sold, offered for sale, or consigned for sale be one of the grades fixed therefor 
in the official grain standards of the United States: Prodded. That any per- 
son may sell, offer for sale, or consign for sale, ship, or deliver for shipment 
in interstate or foreign commerce any such grain by sample or by type or 
under any name, description, or designation which is not false or misleading 
and which name, description, or designation does not include in whole or in 
part the terms of any official grain standard of the United States: Provided 
further. That any such grain sold, offered for sale, or consigned for sale by 
grade may be shipped or delivered for shipment in interstate or foreign com- 
merce without inspection at point of .shipment by an inspector licensed under 
this act to or through any place at which an inspector licensed under this act 
is located, subject to be inspected by a licensed inspector at the place to 
which shipped or at some convenient point through which shipped for inspec- 
tion, which inspection shall be under such rules and regulations as the Secre- 
tary of Agriculture shall prescribe, and subject further to the right of appeal 
from such inspection, as provided in section six of this act: And provided 
further, That any such gram sold, offered for sale, or consigned for sale by 
any of the grades fixed therefor in the official grain standards may, upon 
compliance with the rules and regulations prescribed by the Secretary of 
Agriculture, be shipped in interstate or foreign commerce without inspection 
from a place at which there is no inspector licensed under this act to a place 
at which there is no such inspector, subject to the right of either party to 
the transaction to refer any dispute as to the grade of the gram to The 
Secretary of Agriculture, who may determine the true grade thereof. No 
person shall in any certificate or in any contract or agreement of sale or 
agreement to sell by grade, either oral or written, involving, or in any invoice 
or bill of lading or other shipping document relating to, the shipment or 
delivery for shipment in interstate or foreign commerce of any grain for 



Markets 18.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



3 



which standards shall have been fixed and established under this act, describe 
or in any way refer to any of snch grail] as being of any grade Other than 
a grade fixed therefor in the official grain standards of the I uited States. 

For the purposes of these bids yon have divided corn into various classes or 
sons, each of which must meet certain requirements. Corn of greater moisture 
content than that specified in these requirements may ho accepted al discounts 
graduated according to the increase in percentage of moisture, other corn 
of certain kinds will he rejected. 5Tour requirements in many particulars very 
closely approximate those of certain grades of the official grain standards of 
the United Slates for shelled corn. 

In the absence of detailed knowledge of the 1 manner in which snch transactions 
are actually carried on and their extent, the question is one not wholly free 
from doubt. Based on its present understanding of the facts, this office is of 
opinion thai the classification described by you constitutes a system of grading. 
It is holiovod that the provisions of the act prescribing the use of the official 
grain standards of the United States, and inspection, grading, and certification 
thereunder are applicable to transactions involving the shipment or delivery 
for shipment in interstate or foreign commerce of shelled corn sold, offered for 
sale, or consigned for sale by any grade whatsoever. 

If the opinion of this office be correct, it is believed that reformation of your 
methods so as expressly to come tinder the United States grain standards act. 
will result in no hardship or inconvenience either to yon or to the other parties 
to the transactions described by yon. 11 would seem that, your transactions 
could easily be so framed as to state the grade of the corn involved, according 
to the grades of the official grain standards of the United States, and that at 
tlie same time yon could make the specific requirements which must be met by 
corn of the designated grade for the purposes of your business. In cases when 
inspection is required under the act, it would seem that such inspection, with 
its accompanying right of appeal to the Secretary of Agriculture, would be 
neither burdensome nor expensive. In cases where inspection is not required 
under the act, with respect to the transactions you mention, the requirements 
of the act and the rules and regulations are simple and easily complied with. 

The views expressed in this letter represent, merely the opinion of this office 
and are not in any way final or binding. The ultimate interpretation of the act 
rests with the courts. If for any reason you disagree with these views, it is 
suggested that you consult your counsel and, if you desire, upon presentation of 
other facts or arguments this office will be glad to give further consideration 
to the matter. 

Very truly, yours, 

Charles .T. Bband, Chief. 

Decembee 1, 1916. 

2. GRADES USED IN INTERSTATE OR FOREIGN COMMERCE MUST CONFORM TO 
THE OFFICIAL GRAIN STANDARDS OF THE UNITED STATES; CONDITIONS 
UNDER WHICH GRAIN MAY BE SHIPPED BETWEEN NONINSPECTION POINTS 
WITHOUT INSPECTION. 

Gentlemen: Your letter of November 23 has been received. 
Von slate as follows : 

For several years we have been shipping grain to interior points where there 
were no board of trade or State inspectors. 

This grain we have been selling as No. .'> or better, or as No. 4 or better, Using 
these grades as a basis to establish the price. 

We have permitted the parties to whom we sold the grain to inspect the 
grain and have accepted their inspection as the basis for final settlement. 

We still have considerable business with these parties and we will ask you 
to kindly advise us if under the United Slates grain standards act we can 



4 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AXD RURAL ORGANIZATION. [S. R. A., 



continue to sell these parties by- grade and accept as the basis for final settle- 
ment the grade placed upon this grain by the parties to whom the grain is sold. 
We might mention, however, that in no case do they furnish a certificate of 
inspection. We accept their advice as final. 

The sales to which you refer are by grade. It* they involve the shipment or 
delivery for shipment in interstate or foreign commerce, as defined in the 
United States grain standards act, of grain for which standards have been es- 
tablished thereunder, the grades used must be the grades of such standards. 
The only standards that have been established thereunder are those for shelled 
corn, effective on and after December 1, 191G. 

It is understood that no inspector licensed under the act is located at . 

Illinois. It appears, therefore, that, pursuant to the third proviso in section 

4, you may ship such grain from without inspection under the act to a 

point in another State where no such licensed inspector is located, upon com- 
pliance with the rules and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture, and sub- 
ject to the right of either party to the transaction to refer any dispute as to the 
grade of the grain to the Secretary of Agriculture for determination. It is be- 
lieved that you may, without violating the act, continue to sell your grain 
according to the grades of the official grain standards of the United States, 
if such be established, and may also, in your contracts in the class of cases 
described, make the grade of the grain assigned by the receiver at destination 
the basis for final settlement, subject to the right of either party to refer a 
dispute as to its grade to the Secretary of Agriculture. Whether the right to 
refer such dispute can be waived by the parties in their contract is a question 
upon which this department does not feel warranted in expressing an opinion. 
You will note, however, that in regulation 8, section 7, of the rules and regu- 
lations under the act, it is provided that no contract, agreement, or understand- 
ing shall be ground for refusing to hear any dispute referred to the Secre- 
tary of Agriculture in compliance with the act and the rules and regulations 
prescribed thereunder. 
. Very truly yours, 

D. F. Houston, Secretary. 

December 8. 1916. 

3. USE OF EXPLANATORY TERMS AND STATEMENTS IN ADDITION TO NAMES OF 

GRADES. 

Dear Sir: Your letter of December 4, addressed to the grain supervisor at 
, has been referred to this office for reply. 

You ask whether it is permissible under the United States grain standards 
act to add the term "Crop 191G " to the designation of the grade of corn, and 
also to use the term " Dried Corn " in connection with the grade designation, 
as, for instance, "No. 2 Dried Corn*' or "No. 3 Dried Corn," as the case may bo. 

Section 4 of the act requires, as a condition to the shipment or delivery for 
shipment in interstate or foreign commerce of any grain, for which standards 
shall have been established thereunder, which is sold, offered for sale, or con- 
signed for sale by grade, that the grade by which it is sold, offered for sale, or 
consigned for sale be one of the grades fixed therefor in the official grain stand- 
ards of the United States. Section 4 further provides: 

No person shall in any certificate or in any contract or agreement of sale of 
agreement to sell by grade, either oral or written, involving, or in any invoice 
or bill of lading or other shipping document relating to the shipment or 
delivery for shipment, in interstate or foreign commerce, of any grain for 
which standards shall have been fixed and established under this act, describe, 
or in any way refer to, any of such grain as being of any grade other than a 
grade fixed therefor in the official grain standards of the United States. 



Markets IS.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



5 



In the class of cases covered by the statute it appears that it is necessary, 
in stating the grade of the grain, t<> use the true designations of the official 
grain standards of the United Stales as prescribed therefor. It; also appears 
thai it would be a violation of the act to use. in addition to such designations, 
any term or statement in conflict or inconsistent with the official standards. 

On (lie other hand, it is the opinion of this office that, in addition to the 
true designations of grade according to the official grain standards of the United 
States, it would he permissible to include explanatory terms or statements 
independent of the grade of the grain, if the terms "Crop L916" and "Dried 
Corn.'" as they prima facie indicate, are used merely in this explanatory sense, 
it is believed that they may be added to the true grade designations without 

Violating the act. However, these terms should not he made a part of tin 1 
grade designation ns in the example you cite of " No. 2 Dried Corn," hut should 
he added in such a way as clearly to indicate their explanatory nature, as, 
for instance, "No, 2 Mixed Corn. Dried." 

Expressions of this office as to the meaning of the statute are advisory only. 
While it is glad to he of assistance in this way. the courts are the final au- 
thority in construing the act. 
Very truly, yours. 

Charles .T. Brand, Chief. 

December 0. 101G. 

4. SUGGESTED BENEFITS TO THE COUNTRY SHIPrER UNDER THE ACT. 

Dead Sir: Your letter of December 4, 191G, has been received. You inclose 

copy of a letter to you dated November 28, 191G, from Mr. — . — . . of 

, Ohio, in regard to the United States grain standards act, and ask for 

my comment thereon. Mr. states as follows: . 

" First, grain graded at the point of origin is not final; second, receivers will 
so modify their contracts as to make destination, weights, and grades final; 
third, shippers must stand the loss through deterioration in transit, though in- 
spected at the point of origin, and regardless of the fact that the railroads may 
not make the delivery within 10 to 30 days. 

•' Now. taking these facts into consideration, I fail to see where the country 
shipper will he materially benefited." 

Except in the case of shipments between points where no inspectors licensed 
under the act are located, as covered by the third proviso to section 4. all grain, 
for which standards shall have been established, which is sold, offered for sale, 
or consigned for sale by grade for shipment or delivery for shipment in inter- 
state or foreign commerce, as defined in the act, must he inspected and graded 
by an inspector licensed thereunder, either at the point of shipment, at some 
point en route, or at destination. A single inspection at any one of said points 
salisties the requirements of the act for the purposes of the particular ship- 
ment. The particular point where the inspection shall he made, whether at the 
point of Shipment, at a point en L'OUte, or at destination, is a matter thai may 
be determined by the parties to the transaction in view of all the circumstances. 
In so far as the requirements of the act are concerned, if the grain he inspected 
and graded by a licensed inspector at the shipping point, no further inspection 
is necessary. 

If the grain be fairly graded at any inspection point the parties agree upon, 
if is not understood why either party is at a disadvantage on account of the 
requirements of the act. It would seem that whether one party or the other 
hears the risk of deterioration under the transaction is a consideration that 
WOUld ho taken into account in fixing the price of the grain. Of course, if Mr. 
means that the receivers can practically dictate the terms of the con- 



6 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. [S.R.A., 



tracts to their own advantage and to the disadvantage of the country shipper, 
he has cited an economic or practical situation which is not controlled by the 
act. 

It is plain that the country shipper will receive the positive benefits of the 
uniform and accurate application of a single set of standards throughout the 
United States. 

If your questions have not been fully answered, or there is further informa- 
tion this office can supply, please let us hear from you. 
Very truly, yours. 

OhABLES J. BSAND, Chief. 

December 9, 191G. 

5. STATEMENT REGARDING GRADE IN TRANSACTIONS INVOLVING SHIPMENTS 
BETWEEN NONINSPECTION POINTS. 

Dear Mr. : Your letter of November 29. in regard to the United Slates 

grain standards act, has been received. 

You cite the case of grain bought by grade and shipped as such in interstate 
commerce from a point where no inspector licensed under the act is located to 
a company operating a mill at a point where there is no such licensed inspector, 
and raise the question as to whether, in such case, the receiver, or one of its 
employees, would be violating the law by stating to the shipper, in writing, that 
the grain received was a certain grade. It is assumed that you have in mind 
the sale and shipment of grain, for which standards shall have been established 
under the act, according to the grades of such standards. 

Section 7 of the act provides, in part : 

No person authorized or employed by any State, county, city, town, board of 
trade, chamber of commerce, corporation, society, partnership, or association to 
inspect or grade grain shall certify or otherwise state or indicate in writing 
that any grain for shipment or delivery for shipment in interstate or foreign 
commerce, which has been inspected or graded by him or by any person acting 
under his authority is of one of the grades of the official grain standards of the 
United States, unless he holds an unsuspended and unrevoked license issued by 
the Secretary of Agriculture. * * * 

It is believed that this provision prohibits a private inspector, not licensed 
under the act, who is employed as such by a firm or corpora tion, from issuing 
any statement in writing as to the grade of the grain in a case such as that 
cited by you. 

The third proviso to section 4 of the act permits any grain, which is soldi 
offered for sale, or consigned for sale by any of the grades fixed therefor in the 
official grain standards of the United States, to be shipped in interstate or for- 
eign commerce without inspection from a place at which there is no inspector 
licensed under the act to a place at which there is no such inspector, subject 
to compliance with the rules and regulations prescribed by the Secretary of 
Agriculture, and to the right of either party to the transaction to refer any 
dispute as to the grade of the grain to the Secretary of Agriculture for determi- 
nation. If such transaction be by grade, and standards shall have been estab- 
lished under the act for the kind of grain involved, the grade used must be 
one of the grades of such official standards. Plainly, in order that the parties 
may avail themselves of the privilege given by the act to deal by the grades of 
the official grain standards of the United States in interstate transactions in- 
volving shipments between noninspeetion points, it is necessary that one party 
be able to communicate to the other the grade which he believes the grain to 
be, whether as a result of his own judgment or of advice. upon which he relies. 
Therefore, it is believed that in the case you describe the company receiving 
and purchasing the grain may, without violating the act, furnish, in its own 



Markets 18.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



7 



name, to the shipper a written statement setting forth the grade of the grain 
in accordance with the official grain standards of the United States, and, for this 
purpose, may use the information which is furnished to it by its private 
inspector. 

If there is any other poilit in connection with the act or the rules and regu- 
lations thereunder upon which yon desire the views of this office; I shall he 
very glad to answer yon upon your request. 
Very truly, yours, 

CHABLES J. BliAND, Chief. 

Decembeb !>, 1916. 

6. inspection of grain for each shipment; possible violations of 

THE ACT. 

Dkak Sib: Reference is made to your letter of November 23, and to previous 
correspondence concerning the inspection requirements of the (jnited states 
grain standards act. You state: 

" Suppose I have 5,000,000 bushels of Xo. 2 Red Wheat, bought from a western 
market mulcr Federal supervision and sell it for export for November. Decem- 
ber, January, and February, loading at the seaboard, yon will observe this was 
sold before any of it was shipped from the West. I have half of it sold on 
seaboard inspection and half of it sold on western inspection; naturally I re- 
ceived western certificates of inspection for all of it, but one-quarter or one- 
half of it does not grade No. 2 Rod at the seahoard. What is to prevent me ap- 
plying the grain that does not grade No. 2 lied at the seaboard against the 
contract for western inspection and working out my seahoard sales with the 
grain that did inspect Xo. 2 Red Wheat at the seaboard? 

It would appear from your statement that the seller did not segregate, as 
between (he different purchasers, the grain which he had inspected in the West 
and shipped to the seahoard until after its arrival at the seahoard, notwith- 
standing the fact that one of the purchasers bought on western inspection a 
certain amount of such grain, less than the whole quantity. As a result of the 
method of segregation employed, the purchaser on western inspection may 
suffer the entire risk of loss due to deterioration or change in grade not only 
in the quantity of grain covered by his contract, but also in all the other grain 
in the lot which included such quantity. The place where delivery in fulfil^ 
ment of tin* transaction described must take place in order to comply with the 
terms of the contract does not appear. Neither does it appear whether the 
terms of the contract of sale subject the purchaser on western inspection to 
the risk resulting from the conduct described in your example. It may he 
that such conduct would constitute a breach of the contract. 

On the face of the facts as presented, it appears to this office that the move- 
ment of the grain from the western inspection point to the seahoard prior to 
its segregation ami distribution between the purchasers, constitutes in effect a 
shipment for the seller's use and benefit, and that the movements from the 
seahoard to Europe, following such segregation and distribution, are separate 
shipments pursuant to the contracts with the European buyers. Therefore, 
assuming that the sale was made by grade, it would seem that it would he 
necessary to have the grain Inspected for the purpose of such second ship- 
ments by a licensed inspector located at the seaboard. 

The substance of the principal requirement of the act, set forth in section 
4, as qualified by the second and third provisos in that section, seems clearly to 
be that, in every shipment of grain in interstate or foreign commerce, as defined 
in the act, for which standards have been established, which has been sold, 
offered for sale, or consigned for sale by grade, there must he inspection, either 



8 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. [S.R. A., 



at the point of shipment, at a point en route, or at destination, unless there 
be no licensed inspector located either at the point of shipment or at the desti- 
nation. 

Therefore, with respect to the use of the western inspection certificates to 
represent the grade of the grain after certificates have been issued showing the 
grade of the grain based on inspection under the act at the seaboard, your 
attention is invited to section o of the act, which reads as follows: 

Sec. 5. That no person, except as permitted in section 4, shall represent that 
any grain snipped or delivered for shipment in interstate or foreign commerce 
is of a grade fixed in the official grain standards other than as shown by a 
certificate therefor issued in compliance with this act ; and the Secretary of 
Agriculture is authorized to cause examinations to be made of any grain for 
which standards shall have been fixed and established under this act, and which 
has been certified to conform to any grade fixed therefor in such official grain 
standards, or which has been shipped or delivered for shipment in interstate 
or foreign commerce. Whenever, after opportunity for hearing is given to the 
owner or shipper of the grain involved, and to the inspector thereof if the same 
has been inspected, it is determined by the Secretary that any quantity of 
grain has been incorrectly certified to conform to a specified grader or has been 
sold, offered for sale, or consigned for sale under any name,, description, or 
designation which is false and misleading, he may publish his findings. 

You ask how the Government will know when a shipment is being made on 
an original sale or on a resale; in other words, you wish to know how the 
Government will discover violations of the act. The question is not different, 
except in detail, from the questions which arise in the enforcement of other 
acts of Congress with which executive officers are charged. Every available 
means will be exercised to carry into effect the purposes of Congress as ex- 
pressed in the act. It is hoped by this department, however, that it will be 
necessary to resort to criminal processes in few, if any, cases. The grain 
trade can, by cooperation, do much to bring about the elimination of illegitimate 
or unlawful practices, and the department will welcome assistance from you 
and your associates in this direction. 
Very truly, yours, 

Chaki.es J. Brand, Chief. 

December 12. 1916. 

7. INSPECTIONS FOR INTRASTATE AND INTERSTATE SHIPMENTS. 

Dear Sir : Your letter of November 27 is received. 

Y'ou ask the advice of the department upon the following suggestion as stated 
in your letter : 

"At all such stations as , . , . , and similar 

cities in other States that have State grain inspection and where these State 
inspectors are the licensed inspectors for the Federal department — that is, that 
the same individual prepares and signs both certificates — that in the case of 

an intrastate shipment, say, for instance, a car of wheat originates at , 

Kans., is then consigned to us at and inspected by the inspector here 

and a State certificate issued, and that we desire to forward this to , Mo., 

. Mo.. , Minn., or any outside point, that you authorize such in- 
spector when requested to issue a Federal certificate on this car, taking up the 
State certificate and making no charge for the exchange of certificates."' 

Except in the case of shipments between points where no inspectors licensed 
under the act are located, as covered by the third proviso to section 4, all grain, 
for which standards shall have been established under the United States grain 
standards act, which is sold, offered for sale, or consigned for sale by grade for 
shipment or delivery for shipment in interstate or foreign commerce, as defined 



ltuKet«18.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



9 



in the act, must be inspected and graded by an inspector licensed thereunder, 
either at the point of shipment, at a point en route, or at destination. It is 
believed that an inspection at one of said points must be had for the purpose 
of each shipment or delivery for shipment of such grain in interstate or foreign 
commerce made pursuant to its sale, offer for sale, or consignment for sale by 
grade. 

If, in the case you cite, after standards shall have been established for the 

grain Involved, it is inspected at upon its arrival from another point 

in Kansas. Cor the purpose of its shipment to a point in another State pursuant 
to a sale, offer for sale, or consignment for sale by grade, such inspection would 
satisfy the inspection requirements of the act for the purposes of that par- 
ticular Shipment. On the Other hand, if such inspection be made solely for the 
purposes of the intrastate shipment or transaction, and not for the purpose of 
the interstate shipment, it would not satisfy the act, but there would have to be 
a farther inspection of the grain by a licensed inspector for the purpose of the 
interstate shipment, either at the shipping point, at a point en route, or at 
dest inat ion. 

It is contemplated that a certificate of grade, conforming to the requirements 
of regulation 2, section 14, of the rules and regulations, shall be issued for each 
inspection made by a licensed inspector under the act. The requirements are 
so framed that it may be feasible for licensed inspectors to use this same form 
of certificate in the case of inspections for intrastate commerce. 

It is believed that the above outline will enable you to determine whether 

more than one inspection of the grain at is necessary in the class of 

'•uses you have in mind, and therefore the number of certificates of grade 
i hat would have to be issued. 

If there are any points on which your mind is not clear, the department will 
he glad to advise you further upon your request. You will appreciate that the 
opinions of the department construing the statute are advisory only and are 
not binding on the courts. 

Very truly, yours, D. F. Houston, 

Secretary. 

Dec?mbeb 14, 1910. 

8. INSPECTION OF GRAIN BY LICENSED INSPECTOR AT A POINT EN ROUTE. 

Dear Me. : Your letter of December G has been received. 

You ask under what conditions a person can obtain an inspection of grain 
that is shipped in interstate commerce from a point at which no inspector 
licensed under the United States grain standards act is located to a point 
where there is no such licensed inspector, hut which passes through a junc- 
tion point where there is a licensed inspector. 

The act does not require that any inspection be had of the grain in the case 
you cite. However, an inspection of the grain by a licensed inspector may he 
had at a point en route if the parties to the transaction so determine and ar- 
range. In making such inspection, a licensed inspector would be obliged to 
comply with the rules and regulations under the act to the same extent as in 
the case of inspections which are required thereunder, and there would be 
the same right to appeal from his determination to the Secretary of Agricul- 
ture. 

Very truly, yours, Ciiaiu.es J. Brand, 

December 10, 1910. Chief. 
77207°— 17 2 



10 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AXD RURAL ORGANIZATION. 



[s. r. a; 



9. REQUIREMENTS REGARDING INCLUSION IN RECORDS OF INSPECTIONS THE 

NAMES OF PERSONS FOR WHOM SERVICES PERFORMED. 

Dear Siu : Reference is made.*to your letter of December 13, inclosing a copy 
of an extract from amended section 15 of the act to regulate commerce, and 
stating that pending instructions from this office yon are giving the supervisor 

the names of the c onsignees on all corn received in and that you would 

appreciate it if this office will give you just what information you can give 
out on your reports filed on the exchange floor of the chamber of commerce. 

Regulation 2. section 13, requires that the .record mentioned shall contain 
" the name of the person for whom the service was performed or his agent," 
and not the name of the consignee, unless the consignee in all cases is the 
person for whom yon perform the inspection service. 

With respect to this record the same section requires that each licensed 
inspector shall "make accessible to the parties interested in a transaction in 
which the grain is involved at the place mentioned in section 4 of this regula- 
tion a record of each lot or parcel of grain inspected and graded by such 
licensed inspector." The place mentioned in section 4 of regulation 2 is the 
place designated by the licensed inspector and approved by the Department of 
Agriculture where such licensed inspector is required to keep conspicuously 
posted the license issued to him by the Secretary of Agriculture. As far as 
the rules and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture are concerned, the 
record which you will make in compliance "with the regulation above quoted 
need not be placed on the exchange floor of the chamber of commerce, unless 
that be the place designated by you and approved by this department, as the 
place where your license will be posted. Furthermore, your attention is 
invited to the fact that you are required oniy to make available to a party 
interested in a transaction the record of the particular lot or parcel of grain 
inspected and graded by you which is involved in the particular transaction 
in which such party is interested. 

As stated in the letter dated December 11 from this office, compliance with 
the requirements of the rules and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture 
is deemed. necessary in order to enable the Secretary of Agriculture to carry 
into effect the provisions of the United States grain standards act, and it is the 
opinion of this office that compliance by you with this requirement will not in 
any way bring you into conflict with the provisions of section 15 of the act to 
regulate commerce quoted by yon. 
Very truly, yours, 

Charles .T. Brand. Chief. 

December 18. 1916. 

10. APPLICABILITY OF INSPECTION REQUIREMENTS OF ACT. 

Dear Mi;. : Your letter of December G has been received. 

You state that about 40,000 bushels of corn have been sold and will be 
shipped some time between the date of your letter and December 2G from 

. Ai(... to Liverpool, through , Tex., under a grade certificate 

issued by an inspector at . Mo., licensed under the United States grain 

standards act. It appears that no inspector licensed under the act is located 

at , [Tex.], but that the rules of the [Tex.] Exchange require 

an inspection al that point. You desire to know whether the act would be 
violated if such shipment were made without having the corn inspected at 
, [Tex.]. 

If. at the time the shipment is made to or through . [Tex.], there Is 

no licensed inspector located at that point, there is nothing in the act which 



Markets 18.]' SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



11 



would require the grain to be inspected there. The , Mo., certificate 

represents only the grade of the grain at the time of its inspection at that 
point. Whether it would suffice for the purposes Of the transaction between 

the shipper at , Mo., and the purchaser in Liverpool, is a question Of 

interpretation of their contract, upon which lliis office would not be free to 
express an opinion. 

In connection with the inspection of shelled corn at [Tex.] your 

attention is called to the following provisions in sections 5 and 7 of the net, 
respectively : 

That no person, except as permitted in section four, shall represent that 
any grain shipped or delivered lor shipment in interstate or foreign commerce 
is of a grade fixed in the official grain standards other than as shown by a 
certificate therefor issued in compliance with this act; * * * 

No person authorized or employed by any State, county, city, town, board 
of trade, chamber of commerce, corporation, society, partnership, or association 
to inspect or grade grain shall certify, or otherwise state or indicate in writing, 
that any grain for shipment or delivery for shipment in interstate or foreign 
commerce, which has been inspected or graded by him, or by any person 
acting under bis authority, is of one of the grades of the official grain standards 
of the United States, unless he holds an unsuspended and unrevoked license 
issued by the Secretary of Agriculture. 

Very truly, yours. 

Chables .T. Brand, Chief. 

Decembeb IS, 1010. 

11. TIME FOR APPEALS; CHOICE OF INSPECTION POINTS; WHEN APPEAL MAY 

BE ENTERTAINED. 

Deak Mb. : Your letter of December G has been received. 

You state as follows : 

" Cars of grain are left in the railroad yards here often for four or five days 
after arrival before they are switched to the elevator where they are to be 
unloaded. Inspection takes place as soon as cars arrive in the yards, but the 
receiver of the grain does not see it until four or five days later, when it is 
being unloaded. He may then wish to appeal. However, too much time 
would have elapsed since the grading had been done, and he would have to 
accept the grain on the certificate issued." 

Y'ou ask to be advised in regard to the situation. 

In the case mentioned it appears, in view of section 2 of regulation 3 of the 
rules and regulations under the United States grain standards act, that no 
appeal could be taken after the car is unloaded at the elevator, if more than 48 
hours, exclusive of nonbusiness days, have elapsed since the grade was recorded 
as required by section 15 of regulation 2, unless for good cause an extension 
of time lias been granted pursuant to section S of regulation 3. 

Except in the case of shipments between points where no inspectors licensed 
under the act are located, as covered by the third proviso to section 4, all 
grain, for which standards shall have been established under the act and 
which is sold, offered for sale, or consigned for sale by grade, must, as a condi- 
tion, to its shipment or delivery For shipment in interstate or foreign commerce, 
as defined in the act, be inspected and graded by a licensed inspector, either 
at the point of shipment, at a point en route, or at destination. A single 
inspection at any one of said points satisfies the inspection requirements of 
the act. If there be a choice of inspection points, the parties to the transaction 
are left free, in so tar as the requirements of the act are concerned, to determine 
by their agreement whether the necessary inspection shall be made at the ship- 
ping point, at a point en route, or at destination, or whether inspection shall 
be made at more than one of said points. Likewise, there is nothing in the 



12 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AXD RURAL ORGANIZATION. [S. R. A., 



act to prevent more than one inspection by licensed inspectors at the same 
point, as the parties may agree. 

It does not appear, however, that ordinarily there is any practical necessity 
for more than one inspection for the purposes of a particular transaction. The 
parties may determine, as best suits their convenience, where, within the re- 
quirements of the act. such inspection shall take place. 

This department is glad to give its views on questions involving the interpre- 
tation of the act. but the determination of where inspection shall be had when 
a choice is permitted under the act is a matter of private contract or arrange- 
ment upon which this department does not feel free at this time to express an 
opinion. 

It is the view of "the department that an appeal may be entertained from each 
determination of a licensed inspector which calls for the issuance by him of a 
certificate of grade under the act. involving grain for which standards shall 
have been established thereunder, provided it otherwise comply with the condi- 
tions set forth in section G of the act and the rules and regulations of the 
Secretary of Agriculture. 
A'ery truly, yours, 

Charles J. Brand, Chief. 

December 22. 191G. 

12. INSPECTION IN CASE OF RESALE AND RECONSIGNMENT. 

Deae Mb, : Iteference is made to the discussion between yourself, Mr. 

■ [the supervisor], members of the Buffalo Corn Exchange, and licensed 

inspectors in that city with regard to the reconsigning of cars to eastern points 
from Buffalo winch are too full for proper inspection when they arrive at 
Buffalo. 

As the situation has been explained by Mr. [supervisor], there is a con- 

siderable quantity of corn which arrives at Buffalo loaded in such a manner that 
the inspector can not secure proper samples and properly determine the grade. 
The inspection department, in such cases, secure the best samples they can of 
the grain in question and submit it to the consignee, together with what is known 
as a red ticket," which shows the grade assigned by them to the sample as 
taken and recites the condition which make uncertain the determination of the 
true grade in accordance with section 12 of regulation 2. The Buffalo dealers 
have heretofore frequently reconsigned such grain to interior points east of 
Buffalo on the through freight rate from point of origin to final destination. It 
is also undestood that a considerable portion of this grain is not billed directly 
to Buffalo in the first instance, but to New York. Philadelphia, or some other 
eastern point, with the notation "Hold at Buffalo for rebilling." 

The Buffalo dealers desire to continue this practice, claiming that, when the 
grain is shipped from a point at which there is no inspector to a point at 
which there is no inspector, inspection at Buffalo, an intermediate point at 
which there is an inspector, is not required unless desired by the parties to 
the transaction. The facts, however, do not appear clearly to bear out such a 
contention. 

It is the opinion of the department that, in case the grain is sold to some 
one at Buffalo, who takes delivery of it at that point and then resells and re- 
bills it to some one east, there are two separate transactions and shipments. 
Such being the case, the question presented is fully discussed in Service and 
Begulatory Announcements No. 17, on pages 21 and 30, items 9 and 14. It 



Markets 18.1 SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



13 



would, of course, be necessary, at any point Where inspection must take place 
for the purposes of the act, for the shipper to have the grain placed in proper 
condition for such inspection. 
Very truly, yours, 

Charles .T. Brand, Cliicf. 

December 27, 1910. 

LETTERS TO FEDERAL GRAIN SUPERVISORS CONTAINING 
OPINIONS OF GENERAL INTEREST. 

13. CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH AN APPEAL MAY BE ENTERTAINED; INTERESTED 
PARTIES IN TRANSACTION. 

Dear Mb. : In your letter of December 5 you ask whether an appeal 

may be entertained from an original inspection, from a reinspection, or from 
an appeal decision made by the local grain committee. 

If the original inspection, the reinspection, or the decision of the local grain 
committee be expressed in the form of the determination of a licensed inspector 
and the consequent certificate of grade issued by him under the act, it is be- 
lieved that you should entertain any appeal therefrom which is made in com- 
pliance with the rules and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture if it 
involve grain for which standards have been established under the act (at 
present shelled corn), and comply with the conditions set forth in section G 
of the act, which is, in part, as follows: 

That whenever standards shall have been fixed and established under this 
act for any grain and any quantity of such grain sold, offered for sale, or 
consigned for sale, or which has been shipped, or delivered for shipment in 
interstate or foreign commerce shall have been inspected and a dispute arises 
OS to whether the grade as determined by such inspection of any such grain 
in fact conforms to the standard of the specified grade, any interested party 
may, either witli or without reinspection, appeal the question to the Secre- 
tary of Agriculture, and the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to cause 
such investigation to be made and such tests to be applied as he may deem 
necessary and to determine the true grade: Provided, That any appeal from 
such inspection and grading to the Secretary of Agriculture shall be taken 
before the grain leaves the place where the inspection appealed from was 
made and before the identity of the grain has been lost, under such rules and 
regulations as the Secretary of Agriculture shall prescribe. 

It is contemplated by the rules and regulations that in all cases there shall 
be issued by a licensed inspector a certificate of grade showing the inspection 
and determination from which the appeal is taken. In this connection your 
attention is directed to regulation 2. section 11, paragraph 1, and regulation 3, 
section 4, subdivision (g), section 7, and section 22, paragraph 2, with special 
reference to the mention therein of certificates of grade. 

In this connection you arc asked to ascertain in detail and advise this office 
fully in regard to the procedure followed in making the reinspections and in 
hearing the appeals mentioned in your letter. 

You also ask whether a licensed inspector or an elevator operator is con- 
sidered an interested party in a transaction, and if either can make an appeal. 
While the licensed inspector may be concerned in knowing the outcome of the 
appeal, he is not, in the legal sense, interested in the transaction involved in 
the appeal, or a party to the appeal. It does not seem likely that he would have 
any desire to take an appeal from his own decision. 

In the case of the elevator operator, please state a specific case showing 
exactly in what way the elevator operator is interested in the transaction 
involved in an appeal, the nature of such transaction, and whether or not the 



14 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AXD RURAL ORGANIZATION. 



tS. R. A., 



grain involved lias been sold, offered for sale, or consigned for sale by grade, 
and shipped, or delivered for shipment in interstate or foreign commerce as 
defined in the act. 

Very truly, yours. 

Chakt.es J. Brand. Chief. 

December 13. 1916. 

14. METHODS AND EQUIPMENT USED BY LICENSED INSPECTORS IN DETERMINING 

GRADE. 

Deak Mr. : In your letter of December 5 you state: 

At this time of the year St. Louis is receiving " new corn.*' In this corn, 
damage is rarely a factor in the grading, and only occasionally does dirt per- 
centage fix the grade. The chief grading factor is moisture. Inspectors here 
would like to be advised if it is necessary to make tests for all factors when 
they themselves are satisfied that moisture only will determine the grade of a 
parcel of corn. 

The methods and the equipment which shall be used by a licensed inspector 
in determining the grade of any grain offered to him for inspection under the 
act are not prescribed in the act, nor in the rules and regulations of the Secre- 
tary of Agriculture as at present drawn. The licensed inspector is therefore at 
liberty to use such methods and equipment as in his judgment assure him the 
determination of the true grade, for which he personally must assume full 
responsibility. In this connection, however, your attention is invited to regu- 
lation 2, sections 11 and 12, and to sections 7 and 9 of the act. 

Sections 7 of the act provides, in part, as follows : 

The Secretary of Agriculture may suspend or revoke any license issued by 
liiin under this act whenever, after opportunity for hearing has been given to 
the licensee, the Secretary shall determine that such licensee is incompetent or 
lias knowingly or carelessly graded grain improperly or by any other standard 
than is authorized under this act, * * *. 

Section 9 of the act provides, in part, as follows : 

That * * * any inspector licensed under this act who shall knowingly 
inspect or grade improperly any grain which has been shipped or delivered for 
shipment in interstate or foreign commerce, or shall knowingly give any false 
certificate of grade, * * * shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon con- 
viction thereof shall be fined not more than $1,000, or be imprisoned nut more 
than one year, or both. 

Your attention is further directed to section o of the act, which reads, in 
part, as follows : 

* * * the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to cause examinations to 
be made of any grain for which standards shall have been fixed and established 
under this act, and which has been certified to conform to any grade fixed 
therefor in such official grain standards, or which has been shipped or delivered 
for shipment in interstate or foreign commerce. Whenever, after opportunity 
for hearing is given to the owner or shipper of the grain involved, and to the 
inspector thereof if the same has been inspected, it is determined by the Secre- 
tary that any quantity of grain has been incorrectly certified to conform to a 
specified grade, * * * he may publish his findings. 
Very truly, yours, 

Charles J. Brand, Chief. 

December 10, 191 G. 

15. INSPECTIONS FOR THE PURPOSE OF IMPORTATIONS. 

Deak Me. : Your letter of December S has been received. 

You ask whether you have the right to entertain an appeal in the case of 

corn coming from Argentina into the port of and found not to be up to 

contract. It is assumed that you refer to an appeal from an inspection of such 
corn made by a licensed inspector at [port of] « 



Markets IS.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



15 



You will note from item S, page 11, Service and Regulatory Announcements 
No. 15, that, in the opinion of this oflice. no inspection under the United States 
grain standards act is required for the purpose of the importation of any grain ; 
only shipments of grain made from points in the United States are subject to 
the inspection requirements of the act. Then; is nothing in the act which would 
prevent an inspection by a licensed inspector of Argentine corn at the point in 
the United States to which it is imported if the parties so desire. If there be 
such an inspection at the point of import for the purpose of a new shipment of 
the product in interstate or foreign commerce, as defined in the ad. of course an 
appeal from it could be taken. However, there appears to be no authority in 
the act for the Secretary of Agriculture to entertain appeals from inspections 
made solely for the purpose of importations. 

It does not appear from your letter whether you have in mind shelled corn 

imported from Argentina into [the port of] or that imported into another 

point in the United States and thereafter brought to [the port of] under 

a new shipment. If the former be the case, it is believed that, you have no 
jurisdiction to pass upon appeals from the inspection and grading of the corn 
for the purpose of the importation. If the latter be the case, ii is the opinion of 
this oflice that you are authorized to pass upon appeals from the inspection and 

grading of the -corn by a licensed inspector at . in accordance with the 

act and the rules and regulations prescribed thereunder. 
Very truly, yours, 

Charles J. Brand, Chief. 

December 18, 191G. 

16. MAKING OF SECOND MOISTURE TEST BY INSPECTOR WITHOUT REINSPECTION. 

Deas Mb. : in yonr letter of December 8 you state: 

" In case a car has been inspec ted and tested by a licensed inspector, would 
you consider that the receiver or agent to whom the grain is consigned would 
be entitled to another moisture test without a reinspection and a different 
sample? " 

If the licensed inspector has not finally determined the grade of the grain 
and issued a certificate of grade therefor, the making of a second moisture 
test at the request of the consignee or to satisfy himself, would seem to be a 
matter wholly within the discretion of the licensed inspector making the inspec- 
tion. If. on the other hand, the licensed inspector who inspected the grain 
has determined the grade thereof and has issued a certificate of grade based 
thereon, and a dispute arises as to the grade of the grain as determined by 
such inspection, the consignee's remedy would seem to lie in taking an appeal 
to the Secretary of Agriculture in accordance with the act and the rules and 
regulations thereunder. If the inspector were to undertake another moisture 
or other test of the grain, it would seem that the necessary inspection and 
determination of grade involved could only be treated as a reinspection or as 
a new inspection. 

Very truly, yours, 

Charles J. Brand, Chief. 

December 18, 1916. 

17. DAILY RECORD OF LICENSED INSPECTOR MUST CONTAIN ALL PRESCRIBED 

INFORMATION; INFORMATION AS TO AMOUNT OF GRAIN GOING INTO 
STORAGE; BY WHOM CERTIFICATE OF GRADE TO BE SIGNED. 

Dear Mb. : Reference is made to your letter of December 7, in which 

you ask whether it is really essential to cause a daily report from the inspec- 
tion department to contain the name of the carrier or other owner or operator 
of track. 



16 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. [S. R. A., 



Regulation 2. section 15, paragraph 1. provides in part: 

<; Each licensed inspector shall, as soon as possible after inspecting and grad- 
ing any grain and not later than the opening of customary business hours ou 
the next following business day, make accessible to the parties interested in a 
transaction in which the grain is involved, ac the place mentioned in section 4 
of this regulation, a record of each lot or parcel of grain inspected and graded 
by such licensed inspector, shoving * * * (c) the identification and loca- 
tion of the grain at the time of inspection by either (1) car initials, car num- 
ber, name of carrier or other owner or operator of track * * *. 

Unless the rules and regulations be amended, or the necessity for compliance 
by a licensed inspector with the requirements of the rules and regulations be 
otherwise legally dispensed with, it would seem essential that the daily record 
of a licensed inspector should contain the prescribed information. The daily 
record mentioned was prescribed J n order that there might be placed at a defi- 
nitely known, accessible place, within a fixed time, information available to 
the parties having a right thereto sufficiently identifying the grain inspected 
to enable them to appeal from the inspection, if they so desire, within the time 
mentioned in regulation 3. section 2. It is further required that a copy of the 
record be transmitted to the Office of Federal Grain Supervision in order that 
a grain supervisor in that office may have the information necessary to the 
proper consideration of appeals, and also in order to facilitate the supervision 
of inspections by licensed inspectors. 

You also ask : 

"How are we to obtain the information as to amount of grain going into 
storage? The inspectors are not supplied here with that information. "We can 
only get a report of the amount of grain and its grade, being shipped out." 

The exact cause of the difficulty in obtaining the information is not stated 
in your question. In other inspection markets methods have been devised by 
which the information may be obtained, and it is believed that upon investiga- 
tion and study of the conditions in your market you may be able to have the 
information supplied. 

You also state : 

" In paragraph 1, section 1G. it requires the signature of the inspector making 
the determination. This would work out all right if each inspector performed 
all the operations in inspecting or grading, but where one determines the 
moisture content and another the foreign material, etc.. then no one man is 
responsible. In this case would not the signature of the chief inspector be 
sufficient? " 

Although various operations leading up to the determination of the grade 
of a particular lot or parcel of grain may be performed by different persons, 
it is nevertheless obvious that some licensed inspector must finally fix the grade 
of the grain and assume the responsibility for the determination thereof, as a 
result of which a certificate of grade must be issued by him. That person, 
whether he be the chief inspector or some licensed inspector, must, sign such 
certificate of grade showing such inspection and determination. 

This office is now considering the preparation of a suggested form of daily" 
record. 

Very truly, yours. Chaeijes J. Bband, Chief. 

December 19. 1916. 

18. CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH AN APPEAL MAY BE ENTERTAINED; SPECIFYING 

DESTINATION OF CARS. 

Demi Mb. : You ask whether you should entertain an appeal from 

a reinspectson of grain or from a grade given by the State appeal board. 

If the reinspeetion or the decision of the appeal board be expressed in the 
form of the determination of a licensed inspector which calls for the issuance 



Markets IS.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



17 



by him of u certificate of grade tinder the United Stales grain standards act, 
it is believed that you should entertain an appeal therefrom involving grain 
lor which standards shall have been established under the act, provided it 
otherwise comply with the conditions set forth in section 6 of the act and 
i he rules and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture. 

Please inform this office of the exact procedure involved in the handling 
<>t' inspections and appeals to the State appeal hoard in . 

You also refer to the case of a grain firm that loads a number of cars out 
of an elevator, has ilieni inspected, and then ships them according to the 
grades received. You desire to know whether the destination of each indi- 
vidual car must he given to the licensed inspector or inspection department 

before inspection. It appears that Mr. and Mr. — take the attitude 

thai they are going to require the shippers*to state the destination of each 
car before it is inspected in order to show whether it is involved in an 

interstate or intrastate shipment, and that, the present certificates of the 

inspection department would be used for intrastate inspections, and others 
conforming to the rules and regulations under the act would be used for 
interstate inspections. 

There is nothing in the act or the rules and regulations prescribed there- 
under which requires the destination of grain to he specified before it is 
inspected by a licensed inspector. However, if the inspection depart- 

ment decide to require this information at such time in order to distinguish 
between interstate and intrastate 1 shipments it is believed that it may do so. 

When an appeal is taken under the act from the inspection and grading of 
grain by a licensed inspector subdivision (c) of section 4, and section 5 of 
regulation require the complaint or stipulation to show that the grain has 
been sold, offered for sale, or consigned for sale, or shipped or delivered for 
shipment in interstate or foreign commerce, and the points of shipment and 
destination of such grain. 
Very truly, yours. 

Charles J. Brand, Chief. 

December 22, 1916. 

19. NOTICE TO SHIPPERS OF SHELLED CORN REGARDING REGU- 
LATION 7 UNDER THE ACT. 

As many persons in the trade did not seem to be aware of the provisions 
of regulation 7, of the rules and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture 
under the United States grain standards act, the following notice was issued 
to the daily and trade papers in December, 1916: 

Notice to Shippers of Shelled Corn. 

SHIPMENTS BETWEEN NON INSPECTION POINTS MUST BE REPORTED TO THE DEPART- 
MENT OF AGRICULTURE. 

Washington, D. C. 
Whenever any shelled corn is sold, offered for sale, or consigned for sale 
by any of the grades of the official grain standards of the United States for 
shelled corn, and is shipped in interstate or foreign commerce without inspec- 
tion from a place in the United States at which there is no inspector licensed 
under the United Stales grain standards act to another place at which there 
is no such inspector, the shipper is required by the rules and regulations of 
the Secretary of Agriculture under the act, to send a report of such shipment 
to the Secretary of Agriculture, at Washington, P. C, within seven days. 



18 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AXD RURAL ORGANIZATION. 



[S.R, A.) 



Failure to make the required report may subject the shipper to the criminal 
punishment specified in the act. 

These facts are called to the attention of grain shippers by the Office of 
Markets and Rural Organization of the United States Department of Agricul- 
ture, because it believes that some shippers do not fully understand the re- 
quirements of the regulation. 

The reports to the department must show the date of shipment ; the kind ot 
grain, and its quantity ; the grade by which it is sold, offered for sale, or con- 
signed for sale : the points of shipment and destination ; the name of the 
initial carrier; the car initial and number, or the name or other designation 
of the vessel, boat, barge, or vehicle in which the grain is shipped, and the 
name of the shipper. 

20. CORRECTION IN SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCE- 
MENTS NO. 14. 

As mention of the State of Rhode Island was accidentally omitted in Service 
and Regulatory Announcements No. 14, which gives the supervision districts, 
the following erratum slip has been mailed to persons on the mailing lists of 
the Service and Regulatory Announcements. The slip should be pasted in the 
copies of No. 14. 

ERRATUM. 

Service and Regulatory Announcements No. 14, page 1, paragraph 2, should 
road as follows : 

DISTRICT NO. 1. 

HEADQUARTERS, BOSTON, MASS. 

The States of Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and 
Vermont ; and in the State of Connecticut the counties of New London, Tolland, 
and Windham. 



TYASniXOTOX : GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1017 





* NOV - 5 ; 

. -\ .—Markets 10. Issued February G, 1917. 

U. vS. DEPARTkigN^T OF AGRICULTURE, 

OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. 
CHARLES .). BRAND, CHIEF. 



SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

No. 19.' 



WARNING. 



THIS DOES NOT CONTAIN THE OFFICIAL 
STANDARDS FOR WHEAT. 



NOTICE OF PUBLIC HEARINGS. 

Commencing at 10:30 o'clock in the forenoon of March 7, 1917, 
hearings will be held in room 43 of the U. S. National Museum, in 
the city of Washington, upon the proposed official grain standards of 
the United States for wheat, hereafter to be established and pro- 
mulgated by the Secretary of Agriculture under the United States 
grain standards Act. 

Preliminary to the final hearing at Washington, hearings, pre- 
sided over by the Chief of the Office of Markets and Rural Organiza- 
tion, or his representative, will be held as follows: 

February 5, beginning at 9:30 o'clock a. m., New Orleans, La., Hotel St. Charles. 
February 7, beginning at 9:30 o'clock a. m.. Ft. Worth, Tex., Hotel Westbrook. 
February 9, beginning at 9:30 o'clock a. m., Denver, Colo., .Savoy Hotel. 
February 12, beginning at 9:30 o'clock a. in., San Francisco, CaL, Assembly Room, 

Cliamlx-r of Commerce. 
February 11 and F>, beginning at 9:30 o'clock a. m., Portland, Ore., Multnomah 

Hotel. 

February 16, beginning at 9:30 o'clock a. m., Seattle, Wash., Assembly Room, Cham- 
ber of Commerce. 

February 17, beginning at 9:30 o'clock a. m., Spokane, Wash., Assembly Room, 

Chamber of Commerce. 
February 20, beginning at 9:30 o'clock a. m., Fargo, N. 1)., Administration Building, 

Agricultural College. 



1 Previous numbers in this series which relate to the United .Stales grain standards Act are: Nos. 11 to 
19, 17, and IS. 

7%l.j°— 17 1 



2 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. 



[S. R. A. 



February 21 and 22, beginning at 9:30 o'clock a. m., Minneapolis, Minn., Fifth Street 
Store, West Hotel. 

February 23 and 24, beginning at 9:30 o'clock a. m., Chicago, 111., Ft. Dearborn Hotel. 
February 2G and 27, beginning at 9:30 o'clock a. m., Kansas City, Mo., Coates Hotel. 

The basis for the proposed standards, .submitted for discussion, 
is annexed. 

Producers of grain, millers, merchants, manufacturers, bankers, 
grain inspectors, members oL exchanges, warehousemen, carriers, 
and other persons interested are invited to be present at any of these 
hearings. Opportunity for oral discussion will be afforded to as 
many as practicable. Written communications will be considered, 
and should be sent to the Chief of the Office of Markets and Rural 
Organization, Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. It is 
requested that arguments, suggestions, and criticisms be brief and 
definite, and refer to the specific class, subclass, and grade in question. 

D. F. Houston, 
Secretary of Agriculture. 



Markets 10.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



3 



TENTATIVE BASIS FOR PROPOSED OFFICIAL GRAIN STANDARDS FOR 

WHEAT. 

It is contemplated that the standards for wheat under the United 
States grain standards Act shall be on the basis of the grain remaining 
after the determination of "dockage/- and the following classes, sub- 



• lasses, and grades 


are proposed : 




( 'lasses. 


Subclasses. 


(trades. 


1. Bard red spring. . 




.. Nee. 1 to 5, inclusive, and 






sample. 






do 






do 




(b) Red 


do 






do 


J 1 1 . Hard rod winter. 


. . (a) Dark hard red winter 


do 




(b) Yellow hard red winter. . . 


do 




(c) Hard red winter 


do 






do 






do 




(b) Soft win te 


do 


VI. White club 




do 


VII. Mixed 




do 



When any grain, after the determination of "dockage," is found to 
contain more than six per centum of grain of a kind or kinds other 
than wheat, it shall not be classified as wheat. 



CLASS I. HARD RED SPRING WHEAT. 

This class includes all varieties of hard red spring wheat. Grain 
which, after the determination of dockage, consists of hard red 
spring wheat and more than ten per centum of other wheat or wheats 
shall not be classified as hard red spring wheat. 

(a) DARK HARD RED SPRING WHEAT. 

This subclass includes hard red spring wheat of which seventh-five 
per centum or more of the wheat kernels are dark, hard, and vitreous. 

(b) hard red spring wheat. 

This subclass includes hard red spring wheat of which less than 
seventy-live per centum of the wheat kernels are dark, hard, and 
vitreous. 

CLASS II. DURUM WHEAT. 

This class includes all varieties of durum wheat. Grain which, 
after determination of dockage, consists of durum wheat and more 
than ten per centum of other wheat or wheats shall not be classified 
as durum wheat. 



4 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. [S. R. A. 



(a) amber durum. 

This subclass includes durum wheat of which ninety per centum or 
more of the wheat kernels are amber or light colored. 

(b) red durum. 

This subclass includes durum wheat of which ninety per centum or 
more of the wheat kernels are red. 

(C) MIXED DURUM. 

This subclass includes all mixtures of durum wheat not included 
in subclass (a) or (b) of this class. 

CLASS III. HARD RED WINTER WHEAT. 

This class includes all varieties of hard red winter wheat. Grain 
which, after the determination of dockage, consists of hard red 
winter wheat and more than ten per centum of other wheat or wheats 
shall not be classified as hard red winter wheat. 

(A) DARK HARD RED WINTER WHEAT. 

This subclass includes all dark hard red winter wheat of which 
ninety per centum or more of the wheat kernels are dark, hard and 
vi treous. 

(B) YELLOW HARD RED WINTER WHEAT. 

This subclass includes all hard red winter wheat of w r hich seventy- 
five per centum or more of the wheat kernels are yellow or mottled 
and starchy. 

(C) HARD RED WINTER WHEAT. 

This subclass includes all hard red winter wheat not included in 
either subclass (a) or (b) of this class. 

CLASS IV. SOFT RED WINTER WHEAT. 

This class includes all varieties of soft red winter wheat and also 
red club wheat of the Pacific Northwest. Grain which, after the 
determination of dockage, consists of soft red winter wheat and more 
than ten per centum of other wheat or wheats shall not be classified 
as soft red winter wheat. 

CLASS V. COMMON WHITE WHEAT. 

This class includes all varieties (except Sonora) of common white 
wheat, whether winter or spring grown. Grain which, after the 
determination of dockage, consists of common white wheat and more 
than ten per centum of other wheat or wheats shall not be classified 
as common white wheat. 



Markets 10.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



5 



(a) hard white wheat. 

This subclass includes Blues tern, Early Baart, Allen, Galgalos, 
Martin Amber, and other similar kinds of common white wheat, 
except those of soft, chalky texture. 

( b) soft white WH eat. 

This subclass includes all common white wheal, except Sonora 
and the white club varieties and hybrids, not included, in the sub- 
class of hard white wheat, and also includes wheat of a soft, chalky 
texture of the kinds embraced in the subclass of hard white wheat. 

CLASS VI. WHITE CLUB WHEAT. 

This class includes all varieties and hybrids of white club wheat, 
and common white wheat of the variety known as Sonora. Grain 
which, after the determination of dockage, consists of white club 
wheat and more than ten per centum of other wheat or wheats shall 
not be classified as white club wheat. 

CLASS VIL MIXED WHEAT. 

This class includes any mixture of wheats not within any class 
from I to VI, inclusive. 

DOCKAGE. 

Dockage includes foreign material such as sand, dirt, small weed 
seed, weed stems, chaff, straw, grains other than wheat, and unde- 
veloped, shriveled, and small, broken pieces of wheat kernels, which 
readily can be removed from the wheat by the use of proper sieves, 
screens, or other practical means best suited to the character of for- 
eign material present. The quantity of the dockage shall be calcu- 
lated in terms of percentage based on the total weight of the grain 
including the dockage. The percentage of dockage so calculated shall 
be stated in terms of whole per cent and half per cent. A fraction 
of a per cent when equal to, or greater than, a half shall be treated 
as a half, and when less than a half it shall be disregarded. The 
percentage of dockage so determined and stated shall be added to t De- 
grade designation. 



6 OFFICE OF MARKETS. AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. [S.R. A. 

Table I. — Synopsis of grade requirements for — - 

c V 

CLASS I, HARD RED SPRING WHEAT. 

SUBCLASSES (A) DARK nARD RED SPRING WHEAT, AND ' 
(B) HARD RED SPRING WHEAT. 







Maximum limits of— 


Grade 
No. 


Test 
weight 








Damaged kernels. 


per 
bushel, 
not less 
than— 


Moisture 
content. 


Wheats 
of other 
classes. 


Insepar- 
able 
foreign 
material. 


Total. 


May 
include 
heat- 
damaged 
or mahog- 
any. 


1 

2 
3 
4 
5 


Pounds. 
59 
57 
55 
53 
51 


Per cent. 
14 
14 
14 
15 
16 


Per cent. 
2 
4 
6 
10 
10 


Per cent. 
0.5 
1 
2 
4 
6 


Per cent. 
1 
5 
5 
10 
15 


Per cent. 
0 
0 

0.5 
1.0 
3.0 



Sample Grade. — Hard red spring wheat that does not come within the requirements 
of any of the five numerical grades, or that is hot, fire-burned, infested with live 
weevil, or otherwise of distinctly low quality. 

(a) Wheat of grades Nos. 1 to 4, inclusive, must be cool and sweet. 

(b) Wheat of grade No. 5 may be musty or slightly sour, but must be cool. 

(c) Of the wheats of other classes not more than one-half of the maximum limit 
specified for each numerical grade may consist of common white wheat, white club 
wheat, or durum wheat either singly or in any combination. 

(d) Of inseparable foreign material not more than one-half of the maximum limit 
specified for each numerical "grade may consist of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, 
darnel, or wild rose, either singly or in any combination. 

Table II. — Synopsis of grade requirements for — 

CLASS II, DURUM WHEAT. 

SUBCLASSES (a) AMBER DURUM WHEAT, 

(B) RED DURUM WD EAT, AND 

(C) MIXED DURUM WHEAT. 







Maximum limits of— 


Grade 
No. 


Test 
weight 








Damaged kernels. 


per 
bushel, 
not less 
than— 


Moisture 
content. 


Wheats 
of other 

classes. 


Insepara- 
ble 
foreign 
material. 


Total. 


May 
include 
heat- 
damaged 
or mahog- 
any. 


1 

2 
3 
4 
5 


Pou nds. 
61 
59 
57 
55 
53 


Per cent. 
13 
13 
13 
14 
15 


Per cent. 
2 
4 
6 
10 
10 


Per cent. 
0.5 
1 
2 
4 
6 


Per cent. 
1 
5 
5 
10 
15 


Per cent. 
0 
0 

0.5 
1.0 
3.0 



Markets 19.1 SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



7 



Sample Grade. — Durum wheat that does not come within (he requirements of any 
of the five numerical grades, or that is hot, fire-burned, infested with live weevil, 
or otherwise of distinctly low quality. 

(a) Wheat of grades Nos. 1 to 4, inclusive, must be cool and sweet. 

(b) Wheat of grade No. 5 may be musty or slightly sour, but must be cool. 

(c) Of the wheats of other classes not more than one-half of the maximum limit 
specified for each numerical grade may consist of common white wheat, white club 
wheat, or soft red winter wheat, either singly or in any combination. 

(d) Of inseparable foreign material not more than one-half of the maximum limit 
specified for each numerical grade may consist of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, 
or wild rove, either singly or in any combination. 

Table III. — Synopsis of grade requirements for — 

CLASS UI, HARD RED WINTER WIIEAT. ^ 
SUBCLASSES (A) DARK HARD RED WINTER WIIEAT, 

(P.) YELLOW HARD RED WINTER WHEAT, AND 

(C) HARD RED WINTER WHEAT; 
CLASS IV, SOFT RED WINTER WIIEAT, 









Maximum limits of— 




Grade 
No. 


Test 
weight 








Damaged kernels. 


per 
bushel, 
not less 
t haft— 


Moi.slurc 
content. 


Wheats 
of other 
classes. 


Insepar- 
able 
foreign 
material. 


Total. 


May 
include 
heat- 
damaged 
or mahog- 
any. 


1 

2 

3 
4 
5 


Pounds. 
61 

59 
57 

55 
53 


Per cent. 
13 
13 
13 
14 
15 


Per eenf. 
2 
4 
0 
10 
10 


Per cent. 
0.5 
1 
2 
4 
6 


Per cent. 
1 

c 
tj 

ib 

15 


Per cent. 
0 
0 

0.5 
1.0 
3.0 



Sample Grade. — Dark hard red winter wheat, yellow hard red winter wheat, hard 
red winter wheat, or soft red winter wheat, as the case may be, that does not come 
within the requirements of any of the five numerical grades, or that is hot. fire-burned, 
infested with live weevil, or otherwise of distinctly low quality. 

(a) Wheat of grades Nos. 1 to 4, inclusive, must be cool and sweet. 

(b) Wheat of grade No. 5 may be musty or slightly sour, but must be cool. 

(c) In all three sub-classes of hard red winter wheat not more than one-half of the 
maximum limit specified for wheats of other classes in each numerical grade may 
consist of common white wheat, white club wheat, or durum wheat, either singly 
or in any combination. 

(d) In soft red winter wheat the maximum limit specified for wheats of other classes 
in each numerical grade may include not to exceed 1 per centum of durum wheat. 

(e) Of inseparable foreign material not more than one-half of the maximum limit 
specified for each numerical grade may consist of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, 
or wild rose, either singly or in any combination. 

(f) Dark hard red winter wheat of grade No. 1 shall consist of not less than 95% of 
dark, hard, vitreous kernels, and of other grades shall consist of not less than dOty of 
dark, hard, vitreous kernels. 



8 OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. [S.R. A. 

Table IV. — Synopsis of grade requirements for — 

CLASS V, COMMON "WHITE WHEAT, 

SUB-CLASSES (a) HARD "WHITE WHEAT, AXD 
(B) SOFT WHITE "WHEAT; 







VI, WHITE 


CLUB "WHEAT. 










Maximum limits of — 


0 radf? 
No. 


Test 
weight 








Damaged kernels. 


per 
bushel, 
not less 
Than— 


Moisture 
content. 


Wheats 
of other 

classes. 


Insepara- 
ble 
foreign 
material. 


Total. 


May 
include 

heat 
damaged 
or mahog- 
any. 


1.... 
2.... 
3.... 
4.... 
5.... 


Pounds. 
60 
58 
56 
54 
52 


Pa cent. 
13 
13 
13 
14 
15 


Pa cent. 
2 
4 
6 
10 
10 


Pa cent. 
0.5 
1 
2 
4 
6 


Per cent. 
1 
5 
5 
10 
15 


Per cent. 
0 
0 

0.5 
1.0 
3.0 



Sample Grade. — Hard "white wheat, soft white wheat, or -white club wheat, as the 
case may be, that does not come within the requirements of any of the five numerical 
grades, or that is hot. fire-burned, infested with live weevil, or otherwise of distinctly 
low quality. 

(a) Wheat of grades Nos. 1 to 4, inclusive, must be cool and sweet. 

(b) Wheat of grade No. 5 may be musty or slightly sour, but must be cool. 

(c) Of wheats of other classes the maximum limit specified for each numerical 
grade may include not to exceed 1 per centum of durum -wheat. 

(d) Of inseparable foreign material not more than one-half of the maximum Limit 
specified for each numerical grade may consist of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, 
darnel, or wild rose, either singly or in any combination. 

Percentages specified in the grade requirements in the proposed 
standards ; except in the case of moisture, shall be ascertained by- 
weight. 

The percentage of moisture content in wheat shall be equivalent 
to that ascertained by the moisture tester and the method of use 
thereof described in Circular No. 72, and supplement thereto, issued 
by the United States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant 
Industry. 

The test weight per bushel involved in the determination of grade 
under the proposed standards shall be equivalent to that ascertained 
by the testing apparatus and the method of use thereof described in 
Bulletin 472, dated October 30, 1916, issued by the United States 
Department of Agriculture. 

Inseparable foreign material includes all matter other than wheat 
remaining in the grain after dockage has been properly removed. 

MIXED WHEAT. 

Mixed wheat shall be graded according to the grade requirements 
of the class of wheat which predominates over each other class in the 
mixture, and shall be given the grade designation, followed by the 



Markets 10.] SERVICE AND REGULATOR V ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



9 



words " mixed wheat" and the names of the classes which compose 
the mixture, in tho order of their predominance, but if the wheat of 
any class amounts to less than ten per centum of the whole mixture 
its namo need not be stated. For example, soft red winter wheat 
meeting tho requirements of grade No. 2 in all respects oxcept that 
there is mixed with it fifteen per centum of soft white wheat, would 
be designated as "No. 2 mixed wheat, soft red winter and soft white.'' 

GARLICKY WHEAT. 

All wheat containing garlic or wild onion bulblcts shall be graded 
according to the grade requirements of the class to which it belongs, 
and there shall be added to its grade designation the word "'garlicky," 
oxcept that tho maximum limit of moisture content for grades Nos. 
2 and 3 shall bo 14 per centum, for grade No. 4 shall be 15 per centum, 
and for grado No. 5 shall be 16 per centum, and that not moro than 
one-fourth of the maximum per centum of inseparable foreign ma- 
terial specified for each numerical grade may consist of garlic or wild 
onion bulblets. 

SMUTTY WHEAT. 

Smutty wheat shall be graded "sample grade, smutty," unless the 
quantity of smut in tho wheat is ascertained by scouring, washing, or 
otherwise, in which case the loss in weight caused by the removal of 
the smut shall be known as "smut dockage/' Tho quantity of smut 
dockage shall be calculated on the same basis and in the same Maimer 
as dockage, and the percentage of smut dockage, so determined and 
stated, shall be added to the grade designation. After the determina- 
tion of dockage and smut dockage the grain shall bo graded according 
to the grade requirements of the class to which it belongs. 

TREATED WHEAT. 

Wheat which has been scoured, limed, washed, dried, or treated in 
any similar manner shall be graded according to the grade require- 
ments of the class to which it belongs, and its grade designation shall 
be followed by a statement indicating the kind of treatment. 

TENTATIVE DRAFT OF GRADE REQUIREMENTS FOR HARD RED WINTER 

WHEAT. 

It will be noted that in the tentative basis for the proposed official 
grain standards of the United States wheat has been divided into 
classes, subclasses, and grades. 

In the final draft each of the grades will be described in full in- 
stead of in the abbreviated and tabulated form given above. As an 
example only, and as a basis for discussion, a full description of the 
proposed grade requirements for subclass (a) of class III follows. 

No. 1, Dark hard red winter. — Shall be cool and sweet, shall con- 
tain not more than thirteen per centum of moisture, at least ninety- 



10 OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. [S. R. A. 



live per centum of sound, dark, hard, vitreous kernels, -not more 
than one per centum of damaged kernels exclusive of heat damaged 
or mahogany ken: els, not more than five-tenths of one per centum 
of inseparable foreign material of which inseparable foreign material 
not more than one-half may consist of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, 
darnel, or wild rose, either singly or in any combination, and not 
more than two per centum of wheats of other classes of which wheats 
of other classes not more than one-half may be common white, white 
club, or durum wheat, either singly or in any combination; and shall 
weigh at least sixty-one pounds per Winchester bushel. 

No. 2, Dark hard red winter. — Shall be cool and sweet, shall con- 
tain not more than thirteen per centum of moisture, at least ninety 
per centum of sound, dark, hard, vitreous kernels, not more than 
five per centum of damaged kernels exclusive of heat damaged or 
mahogany kernels, not more than one per centum of inseparable 
foreign material of which inseparable foreign material not more than 
one-half may consist of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild 
rose, either singly or in any combination, and not more than four 
per centum of wheats of other classes of which wheats of other classes 
not more than one-half may be common white, white club, or durum 
wheat, either singly or in any combination; and shall weigh at least 
fifty-nine pounds per Winchester bushel. 

No. 3, DarJc hard red winter. — Shall be cool and sweet, shall con- 
tain not more than thirteen per centum of moisture, at least ninety 
per centum of sound, dark, hard, vitreous kernels, not more than 
five per centum of damaged kernels of which damaged kernels not 
more than five-tenths of one per centum may be heat damaged or 
mahogany kernels, not more than two per centum of inseparable 
foreign material of which inseparable foreign material not more than 
one-half may consist of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild 
rose, either singly or in any combination, and not more than six per 
centum of wheats of other classes of which wheats of other classes 
not more than one-half may be common white, white club, or durum 
wheat, either singly or in any combination; and shall weigh at least 
fifty-seven pounds per Winchester bushel. 

No. 4, Dark hard red winter. — Shall be cool and sweet, shall con- 
tain not more than fourteen per centum of moisture, at least ninety 
per centum of sound, dark, hard, vitreous kernels, not more than ten 
per centum of damaged kernels of which damaged kernels not more 
than one per centum may be heat damaged or mahogany kernels, 
not more than four per centum of inseparable foreign material of 
which inseparable foreign material not more than one-half may con- 
sist of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either singly 
or in any combination, and not more than ten per centum of wheats 
of other classes of which wheats of other classes not more than one- 



Markets 19.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



11 



half may be common white, white club, or durum wheat, either singly 
or in any combination; and shall weigh at least fifty-five pounds per 
Winchester bushel. 

No. 5, Dark hard red winter.. — Shall be cool, but may be musty or 
slightly sour, shall contain not more than fifteen per centum of mois- 
ture, at least ninety per centum of sound, dark, hard, vitreous kernels, 
not more than fifteen per centum of damaged kernels of which dam- 
aged kernels not more than three per centum may be heat damaged 
or mahogany kernels, not more than six per centum of inseparable 
foreign material of which inseparable foreign material not more 
than one-half may consist of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, 
or wild rose, either singly or in any combination, and not more than 
ten per centum of wheats of other classes of which wheats of other 
classes not more than one-half may be common white, white club, 
or durum wheat, either singly or in any combination; and shall 
weigh at least fifty-three pounds per Winchester bushel. 

Sample grade, dark hard red winter. — Shall be dark hard red winter 
wheat that does not come within the requirements of any of the 
five numerical grades, or that is hot, fire-burned, infested with live 
weevil, or otherwise of distinctly low quality. 



ADDITIONAL COPIES 

OF THIS PUBLICATION MAY BE PROCURED FROM 
THE SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS 
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
WASHINGTON, D. C. 
AT 

o CENTS PER COPY 



7 



s. R. A.— Markets 20. Issued February 7, 1917. 

U. S. DEPARTMENT OE AGRICULTURE, 

OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. 

CHARGES J. BRAND, CHIEF. 



SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

No. 20. 1 



SUGGESTIONS FOR A STATE COOPERATIVE LAW DESIGNED TO CON- 
FORM TO SECTION 6 OF THE CLAYTON ACT. 

In compliance with requests from many officials and individuals, 
a bill for the organization of nonstock agricultural and horticultural 
cooperative associations, under State laws, has been drawn in the 
United States Department of Agriculture, in which have been 
embodied many suggestions for carrying out, and an effort has been 
made to conform to, the requirements of section 6 of the Clayton 
Amendment of the United States antitrust laws. 

A copy of the draft and of the letter transmitting the same arc 
appended. 

United States Department of Agriculture, 

Office of Markets and Rural Organization, 

Washington, D. C. 

Dear Sir: Previous acknowledgment has been made of the receipt of your com- 
munication, in which you requested draft of a model act providing for cooperative 
associations under State law, both with and without capital stock. Many similar 
communications have been received and many interviews have been held with persons 
concerned. 

As a result, and with the object of rendering such assistance as it could, the depart- 
ment has prepared a bill, copy enclosed, relating to nonstock agricultural and horti- 
cultural associations, in which it has endeavored to embody the views expressed by 
those interested. The organization of associations having capital stock, or of associa- 
tions which are neither agricultural nor horticultural, has not been dealt with. 

It is clear that the exemptions conferred, upon specifically described agricultural 
and hort icultural organizations and their members, by section 0 of the Clayton amend- 
ment of the United States antitrust laws open untried possibilities for strictly cooper- 
ative effort on the part of the farmers, if they be utilized along sound economic lines 
with due regard for the rights of consumers and others. Effort has been made to draw 
a bill in such form that if it were enacted by a State legislature, and an association 
organized thereunder were to engage in interstate commerce, these possibilities might 

•Service and Regulatory Announcements Xos. 1 to 10 and 1G relate to the United States cotton mtures 
Act. Service and Regulatory Announcements Xos. 11 to 15 and 17 to 19 relate to the United States grain 
Standards Act. 

7%H U - -17 1 



2 



OFFICE OF MAKKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. 



IS. R. A. 



be tried out without offending Federal laws; also to shape each provision so that it 
may be in harmony with law. Nevertheless, those who contemplate using the material 
should be cautioned of the necessity for care on their part also. The antitrust laws 
are not committed to this department for administration. It has no power to give an 
authoritative ruling as to their meaning. Indeed, the final interpretation of these 
statutes rests with the courts. Furthermore, it is conceivable that properly organized 
associations, coming wholly within the terms of a statute expressly permitting their 
existence and operation, might conduct themselves in an unlawful way. It is sug- 
gested, therefore, that those who desire to make use of the bill being sent you, or to 
organize thereunder, should act in reference to the matter upon the advice of com- 
petent counsel of their own choice. 

Section 6 of the Clayton law provides: 

That the labor of a human being is not a commodity or article of commerce. Nothing 
contained in the antitrust laws shall be construed to forbid the existence and opera- 
tion of labor, agricultural, or horticultural organizations, instituted for the purposes 
of mutual help, and not having capital stock or conducted for profit, or to forbid or 
restrain individual members of such organizations from lawfully carrying out the 
legitimate objects thereof; nor shall such organizations, or the members thereof, be 
held or construed to be illegal combinations or conspiracies in restraint of trade, under 
the antitrust laws. 

It is plain that before a cooperative association can be brought within the obvious 
requirements of the section, it must affirmatively appear that, first, it is a "labor, 
agricultural or horticultural" organization; second, it is "instituted for the purposes 
of mutual help"; third, it does not have "capital stock"; and, fourth, it is not "con- 
ducted for profit. " Only a few of the States now have laws providing for the creation 
of such associations. 

You will notice that the scheme of the bill is that every association created thereunder 
shall act exclusively as an agent for the member; also if it act for the nonmember, 
it must do so as agent and the service must be performed at cost. It is sought by this 
application of the principle of agency to safeguard the nonprofit feature of such an 
association. It is absolutely essential that this feature be adhered to both in the 
organization, and in the conduct, of the association. 

In addition to what has been said above with respect to the laws of the United 
States, it is suggested that, in every case, local counsel be consulted as to whether the 
provisions of the bill are in harmony with the constitution and antitrust laws of any 
State in which it may be proposed to put it into effect. 
Very truly yours, 

Charles J. Brand, Chief. 

February 2, 1917. 



Markets 20.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



3 



AN ACT. 

To Provide for the Formation of Cooperative Agricultural or Horticultural 

Associations, INSTITUTED FOR THE PURPOSES OF MUTUAL 1 1 ELP, AND Not HAVING 

Capital Stock or Conducted for Profit, and for Other Purposes. 
[Enacting clause] 

Section 1. In this act, unless the context otherwise require, "association" means 
an association formed under this act; ''member'' means a member of an association; 
"person'' includes a corporation or partnership or two or more persons having joint 
or common interest; words used import the singular or the plural, as the case may 
demand. 

Sec- 2. Cooperative agricultural or horticultural associations, instituted for the pur- 
poses of mutual help, and not having capital stock or conducted for profit, may be 
formed, under the provisions of this act, by any number of persons, not less than five, 
engaged in agriculture or horticulture. 

S EC. 3. An association may, as agent for its members or any of them, perform for them 
services connected with the production, preservation, drying, canning, storing, han- 
dling, utilization, marketing, or sale of agricultural and horticultural products pro- 
duced by them, and for the agricultural or horticultural puqooses of such members, 
may perform for them services connected with the purchase or hiring for, or use by, 
them, of supplies, including live stock, machinery and equipment, and the hiring of 
labor, or any one or more of the kinds of service specified in this section. 

Sec. 4. The persons uniting to form an association shall enter into articles of asso- 
ciation in writing, which shall state — 

(a) The name of the association, which shall include the word "cooperative," 
which name shall not be the same as that of any other association or corporation 
formed or doing business in this State or so similar to such name as to be likely to be 
confused therewith; 

(6) The class of services to be performed for its members by the association, which 
services shall be among those mentioned in section three of this act ; 

(c) The place where its principal operations are to be carried on, which shall be a 
place within this State; 

(d) The term for which such association is to exist; 

(c) The date of the commencement of its fiscal or business year; 

(/) The names and post-office addresses of the directors, not less than five, desig- 
nated to serve until their successors are elected; 

(g) Any other provisions, not inconsistent with law, which the association may see 
fit to adopt, governing the regulation and the conduct of its affairs. 

The articles of association shall bear the signatures and post-office addresses of the 
persons uniting to form the association, and shall be acknowledged by not less than 
live of such persons, before an officer duly authorized to administer oaths in this State, 
which acknowledgement shall be authenticated by the seal of such officer. The 
articles of association, so acknowledged and authenticated, together with a true copy 
thereof, shall be t ransmitted to [the proper State officer], who shall, if in his opinion 
the provisions of law applicable thereto have been complied with, file and record the 
same. He shall issue his certificate showing such filing, which, together with said 
copy of the articles of association, he shall transmit to the office [the proper county 
officer] in the county in which the place described in subdivision (c) of this section is 
located in which office said copy and certificate shall be filed and recorded. Such 
county officer shall thereupon issue his certificate showing the fact and date of filing 



r 



4 OFFICE OF MARKETS AXD BUBAL ORGANIZATION. (S.B.A. 

of said true copy of the articles of association in his office and transmit the same to the 
association. 

Sec 5. The articles of association may. pursuant to an affirmative vote of two- 
thirds of all of the members, be amended at any regular meeting, or at any special 
meeting called for the purpose, due notice of the time, place, and object of which 
regular or special meeting shall have been given as prescribed in the by-laws. Copies 
of such amendment, signed and acknowledged by" not less than three directors, shall 
be filed and recorded in the manner, and in the respective offices, prescribed in sec- 
tion four for the articles of association. 

Sec 6. Upon the filing by the [proper county officer] of a copy of the articles of 
association, transmitted to him by the [proper State officer], as prescribed in section 
four of this act, the association shall have power, within the limitations of this act— 

(a) To adopt and use a common seal and to alter it at pleasure; 

(b) To have succession for the term prescribed in its articles of association, unless 
sooner dissolved by operation of law or under the provisions of this act ; 

(c) To perform for members. the services described in its articles of association; 

(d) To make contracts necessary in the conduct of its operations; 

(e) To purchase, lease, or receive by gilt, bequest, or devise, and to hold personal 
and real property necessary in the conduct of its operations, and to dispose of the same; 

(f) To borrow money necessary in the conduct of its operations, to issue notes and 
bonds therefor, and to give security, in the form of mortgage or otherwise, for the 
repayment thereof; 

(g) To sue and be sued by the name specified in its articles of association, as fully 
as natural persons; 

(h) To adopt, and alter or amend when necessary, by-laws, not inconsistent with 
law, regulating its conduct and management; 

(i) To elect a board of directors, which shall have power to appoint a president, 
vice president, secretary, treasurer, and other officers, and agents and employees 
deemed necessary, to prescribe their duties not inconsistent with the by-laws, to 
require bonds of them and fix the penalty thereof, and to dismiss at pleasure any agent 
or employee ; 

(?) To cooperate, through inenibersliip or otherwise, with any other association 
not conducted for profit, whether formed under this act or otherwise, for the purpose 
of promoting any enterprise, which may be lawfully carried on, relating to the respec- 
tive authorized operations of such associations, and which enterprise does not relate 
to or involve fixing wages, limiting production, destroying products, or fixing the 
selling price, or delegating the control, of the products of the members of either asso- 
ciation; 

(/.•) To foster membership in the association by advertising or by educational or 
other lawful means ; 

(I) To exercise such incidental powers as shall be necessary in the conduct of its 
operations. 

Sec 7. Any association may admit as members, under terms and conditions pre- 
scribed in its by-laws, persons engaged in agriculture or horticulture. Any member 
shall forfeit his membership upon proof being made to the association that he has 
ceased to be engaged in agriculture or horticulture. For the purposes of this act a 
member, other than an individual, shall be represented by an individual associate, 
officer, or partner thereof, duly authorized. 

Sec 8. Every association shall issue a certificate of membership to each member. 
Such certificate of membership shall not be transferable, and no person who may 
acquire same by operation of law, or otherwise than as may be prescribed in this act 
and the articles of association and by-laws of the association , shall be entitled to become 
a member by virtue of such certificate. 



Markets 20.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



5 



Sec. 9, Each member shall be entitled to one vote only, and no vote by proxy shall 
be permitted. Except in case of the removal of a director or officer, as provided in sec- 
tion fifteen of this act, absent members may, under rules prescribed in the by-laws, 
be permitted to vote on specific questions by ballots transmitted to the secretary, or 
other proper officer of the association, by registered mail; and such ballots to be counted 
only in the meeting at the time at which such vote is taken. 

Sec. 10. Each member shall be responsible, as Ins original liability, for his per 
capita share of all contracts, debts, and engagements of the association existing at 
the time he becomes a member and created during his membership; but if any mem- 
ber's share of such contracts, debts and engagements shall prove to be uncollectablc, 
each remaining member shall be responsible, as his additional liability, for such 
unpaid share or part thereof to an amount equal to such remaining member's origi- 
nal liability or to such further amount as may be prescribed in the articles of asso- 
ciation. No member shall be liable to the association for any contract, debt or 
engagement arising out of any specific transaction between the association and any 
member or members thereof in which he does not participate unless and until the 
association shall have exhausted every legal recourse and failed to enforce satisfac- 
tion from the member or members participating therein. In all cases any member 
who, voluntarily or otherwise, contributes to the payment of the debt or obligation 
of another member or other members shall have an action, several or joint, as he may 
elect, against such defaulting member or members for reimbursement. Any asso- 
ciation may, in its articles of association, limit the amount of indebtedness or obli- 
gation which may be incurred by or on behalf of the association, and no member 
shall be liable for any debt or obligation in excess of the terms of such limitations. 

Sec. 11. The association, as agent for a nonmember, may buy farm supplies for him 
and sell Ms agricultural or horticultural products and, as a condition of its contract 
with such nonmember, may impose upon him any liability for the contracts, debts 
and engagements of the association which does not exceed the liability of a member; 
but in no case shall it charge a nonmember for such services more than the actual cost 
thereof, including the prorata part of all overhead expenses. 

Sec. 12. Within [forty] days after the filing of a copy of the articles of association 
in the [proper county office], as prescribed in section four of this act, a call, signed by 
not less than a majority of the directors, shall be issued for a meeting of the members. 
At such meeting, or any adjourned session or sessions thereof, by-laws regulating the 
conduct and management of the association shall be adopted. Such by-laws shall, 
within the limitations of this act, prescribe — 

(a) The time, place, and manner of calling and holding meeting; 

(6) The number and qualifications of members, the conditions under winch member- 
ship shall be granted and terminated, rules governing the exercises of the privileges 
of membership and the issuance, transfer and cancellation of membership certificates, 
and the manner of ascertaining the interests of members in the assets, if any, in the 
possession of the association; 

(c) The number of the directors, the time and manner of their election and removal, 
their powers and duties, the number not less than a majority, necessary to the exercise 
of their powers, and their compensation, if any; 

(d) The officers, their terms of office, the time and manner of their appointment and 
removal, their powers and duties, and their compensation, if any; 

(c) The manner of fixing and collecting fees, dues, and other assessments or charges 
for services to its members; 

(f) Any other provisions proper and necessary to carry out the purposes for which 
the association was formed. 

Sec. 13. The by-laws may require the members to sell all or any part of their specifi- 
cally enumerated agricultural and horticultural products, and to buy all or any part of 
their specifically enumerated farm supplies, exclusively through the association; but, 



6 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AXD RURAL ORGANIZATION. 



[S. R. A. 



in such case, shall specify a reasonable period, in each year, during which any mem- 
ber, by giving to the association the notice prescribed in the by-laws, may withdraw 
and be released, from his obligation to employ the services of the association in respect 
to such products and supplies. The by-laws may fix as liquidated damages, specific, 
reasonable sums, in amounts fairly related to the actual damages ordinarily suffered 
in like circumstances, to be paid to the association, to reimburse it for any damage 
which it or the members may sustain by the failure of any member to perform any 
obligation to the association under the articles of association, the by-laws, or any 
contract with the association, and any such provision shall be valid and enforceable 
in the coiuts of this State. m 

Sec. 14. The board of directors of every association shall consist of not less than 
five members, who shall be divided, as nearly equally as practicable, into three classes. 
At the first regular meeting of the association, a quorum as prescribed by the by-laws 
being present, the members shall elect from among themselves directors of the first 
class for a term of one year, directors of the second class for a term of two years, and 
directors of the third class for a term of three years. At the expiration of the terms of 
the directors so elected their successors shall be elected, in like manner, for terms of 
three years. Directors shall hold office until their successors shall have been elected 
and qualified and shall enter upon the discharge of their duties. Vacancies shall be 
filled, for the unexpired terms, at any regular meeting, or at any special meeting called 
for the purpose, in the manner provided for the original election of directors. The 
board of directors shall manage the affairs of the association and shall perform the 
duties specifically imposed upon the board by this act. 

Sec 15. Any director or officer of an association may, for cause, at any regular 
meeting or at any special meeting called for the purpose, at which a majority of the 
members shall be present, be removed from office by vote of not less than two-thirds 
of the members present. Reasonable notice of the time, place, and object of any 
such meeting shall be given, in the manner prescribed in the by-laws, to the members, 
and to the director or officer against whom charges are to be presented. Such 
director or officer shall, at the same time, be informed in writing of such charges, and 
at such meeting shall have an opportunity to be heard in person, by counsel, and by 
witnesses, in regard thereto. 

Sec 16. The officers of every association shall include a president, vice president, 
secretary, and treasurer, who shall be appointed annually by the board of directors. 
The president and vice president shall be appointed from among the directors. The 
secretary and treasurer may be nonmembers. The offices of secretary and treasurer 
may be combined and one individual appointed thereto. Vacancies shall be filled for 
the unexpired t erms by the board of directors in the manner provided for the original 
appointment of officers. The board of directors shall require the treasurer and all 
other officers, agents, and employees charged by the association with responsibility 
for the custody of any of its funds or property to give bond with sufficient security 
for the faithful performance of their duties as such. 

Sec 17. An association may provide for the payment of expenses, necessary in tbe 
performance of its services to its members, by the creation of a working fund or other- 
wise, through fees, dues, assessments, or charges for the services, to be fixed and col- 
lected in such manner as may be prescribed in the by-laws. Such fees, dues, assess- 
ments, or charges shall be limited to the amounts necessary to meet expenses already 
incurred, or reasonably estimated as essential to be incurred, by the association in 
conducting its operations. Whenever any association shall find that it has accumu- 
lated funds in excess of those necessary to meet expenses already incurred, or reason- 
ably estimated as essential to be incurred, by it in conducting its operations, it shall 
return such excess to, or deduct it from future fees, dues, assessments, or charges of, 
the members who contributed to such excess, in the proportions of their respective 
contribution. 



Markets 20.) SERVICE AND REGULATOR Y ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



7 



Sec. 18. Every association shall, from time to time, appoint a committee of three 
members, who shall not be directors, officers, agents, or employees of the association, 
which committee shall, at least once in each quarter of each fiscal or business year of 
such association, make an examination of its records and property, and shall, within 
one month after such examination, report in writing the results thereof to the associa- 
tion. Immediately after the close of each fiscal or business year of the association, a 
complete audit of its operations shall be made for the fiscal or business year. A 
written report of the audit, including statements of services rendered by the associa- 
tion, the balance sheet, receipts and disbursements, assets and liabilities, members 
admitted and withdrawn, total numbers of members, and other proper information, 
shall be submitted to the members at their next regular meeting. The association 
shall file copies of the report of the audit with the [proper State official, such as the 
Secretary of State, and with the Director of Extension of the State Agricultural Col- 
lege, or the Commissioner of Agriculture, or the Dean of the State Agricultural College], 
within three months after the close of the fiscal or business year for which made. 
The [Director of Extension, etc.] shall, upon request, furnish a copy of such report to 
the United States Department, of Agriculture. No person shall, without the consent 
of the association, except in obedience to judicial process, make or permit any dis- 
closure w hereby any information contained in said report may be identified as having 
been furnished by said association. Any person violating or failing to comply with 
the provisions of this section shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon 
conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not more than [five hundred] dollars. 

Sec. 19. Any association may, at any regular meeting or at any special meeting 
called for the purpose, due notice of the time, place and object of which regular or 
special meetiug shall have been given as prescribed in the by-laws, by vote of two- 
thirds of all of the members, discontinue its operations and settle its affairs. There- 
upon, it shall designate a committee of three members, who shall, on behalf of the 
association and within a time fixed in their designation, or any extension thereof, 
liquidate its assets, pay its debts and expenses, and divide any surplus among the 
members as they may be entitled under the articles of association or by-laws. Upon 
final settlement by such committee, the association shall be deemed dissolved, and 
shall cease to exist under this act. The committee shall make a report of the pro- 
ceedings had under this section, which shall be signed by its members, shall be 
acknowledged by them before an officer duly authorized to administer oaths in this 
State, and shall be filed and recorded in compliance with the provisions of section 
four of this act with respect to articles of association. 

Sec 20. Every association shall, before any paper is filed and recorded as required 
by this act, pay the fees specified in this section for such filing and recording: 
To the [proper State officer] as follows: 

Articles of association, mentioned in section four, . 

Amendments to articles of association, mentioned in section five, •. 

Report of proceedings under section nineteen, . 

To the [proper county officer in the county in which filed and recorded] as follows: 

Articles of association, mentioned in section four, . 

Amendments to articles of association, mentioned in section five, . 

Report of proceedings under section nineteen, . 

Sec 21. Hereafter, unless expressly authorized by law, no individual or partner- 
ship, nor any corporation or association formed in this State otherwise than as pro- 
vided in this act, shall adopt and use the word "cooperative," or any abbreviation 
or derivative thereof, as a part of the name or designation under which such indi- 
vidual, partnership, corporation, or association shall do business in this State. Any 
association shall be entitled to sue for, and to obtain in any court of competent juris- 
diction in this State, injunctive relief against the use of the word <: cooperative" by 



8 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGAXLZATIOX. 



[S. R. A. 



any individual, firm, corporation, or association who shall violate the provisions of 
this section. 

Sec. 22. Every person now doing, or hereafter commencing to do, business in tins 
State under the name or designation which includes the word "cooperative," or any 
abbreviation or derivative thereof, shall, within [ninety] days after the passage 
of this act, or before so commencing to do business, file with the [proper State officer], 
in such form as he may require, a statement showing such name. Hereafter no 
person shall commence to do business in this State under a name or designation which 
includes the word "cooperative," or any abbreviation or derivative thereof, if such 
name or designation be the same as that of any existing association, or so similar to 
such name as to be likely to be confused therewith. Any person violating or failing 
to comply with the provisions of this section shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor 
and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not more than [five 
hundred] dollars. 

Sec. 23. If any clause, sentence, paragraph, or part of this act shall, for any reason, 
be adjudged by any court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, such judgment 
shall not affect, impair, or invalidate the remainder thereof, but shall be confined 
in its operation to the clause, sentence, paragraph, or part thereof directly involved 
in the controversy in which such judgment shall have been rendered. 

Sec. 24. [Here insert any necessary repeal clause applicable to prior legislation.] 
Sec. 25. The right to alter, amend, or repeal this act, is hereby expressly reserved. 



ADDITIONAL COPIES 

OF THIS PUBLICATION MAY BE PROCURED FROM 
THE SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS 
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
WASHINGTON, D. C. 

5 CENTS PER COPY 



3 1 5 



Markets 21. 



UNITED STATES DE 




ssued March 28, 1917. 

GRICULTURE, 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. 
CHARLES J. BRAND, Chief. 



SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

No. 2L 1 



SUGGESTIONS FOR AN ACT TO ESTABLISH A DIVISION OF 
MARKETING IN ANY STATE. 

Many State officials and individuals have asked the United States 
Department of Agriculture to assist in drafting a bill for the es- 
tablishment, under State laws, of Divisions of Marketing. For the 
sake of uniformity the department has attempted to draft one pro- 
posed bill, the provisions of which would be so flexible that with 
slight alteration it could be used in any State. 

A copy of the draft and of the explanatory letter with which it 
was transmitted to those who had requested aid are appended. 

United States Department of Agriculture, 
Office of Markets and Rural Organization, 

Washington, D. C, March 17, 1917. 
Dear Sir : In compliance with a promise made in previous correspondence, 
there is inclosed; for your consideration, copy of redraft of a bill, prepared in 
this department, dealing with the establishment, under State laws, of Divisions 
of Marketing. 

The aim has been to make the form flexible. Conditions vary in different 
States. In some it may be desired to employ an existing organization; in 
others, to set up a new organization. The attempt has been to shape the pro- 
visions so that, either as they now stand or with slight alteration, they may 
be used in either case. 

As you will doubtless remember, a bill was outlined early in 1916. That 
was sent for criticism and suggestions to a large number of persons interested 
in all phases of the marketing and distribution of farm products. The replies 
received have been given consideration. With them as a guide the original has 
been carefully revised. 

1 Service and Regulatory Announcements Nos. 1 to 10 and 16 relate to the United 
States cotton futures act. Service and Regulatory Announcements Nos. 11 to 15 and 
17 to 19 relate to the United States grain standards act. No. 20 presents suggestions 
for a State cooperative law designed to conform to sec. 6 of the Clayton Act. 
85857*— 17 



2 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. [S. R. A. 



The task was taken up in response to various and repeated requests. The 
department is not urging the measure upon the States. Please make that 
clear to all, in so far as you have opportunity to do so. 

The department was advised sometime ago that several States expected to 
enact marketing legislation this year. It is manifest that, if there are to be 
State laws on the subject, it is desirable that they be as nearly uniform as 
practicable, constructive in nature, and comprehensive. 

It was the purpose to provide in a broad way for investigational, educational, 
and demonstrational work in marketing. Only such regulatory features were 
incorporated as the public interest seemed to demand. While some sections, 
considered alone, may appear to give drastic powers to the director, attentive 
study will show that these powers are safeguarded by restricting them in prac- 
tical application to the performance of specifically enumerated duties, and that 
they may not be employed in carrying out other provisions of the act. No 
attempt has been made directly to regulate commission merchants, warehouses, 
or cold storages, as was suggested by many correspondents. The department 
feels that the specific regulation of a particular business could be dealt with 
more satisfactorily in a separate law. Accordingly, the bill inclosed includes 
only the more general powers which appear necessary for carrying out sub- 
stantial marketing improvements. However, the measure establishes a Division 
of Marketing on such a basis that a State may pass other regulatory laws which 
it may desire and place them under the division for enforcement. 

In order to comply with the requests of those in States where legislation dur- 
ing the early part of the present year is contemplated, it has been deemed 
appropriate to send out draft of a bill now. Further study will be given to the 
subject 

Those who desire to make use of the bill are urged to consider its prac- 
ticability in the light of local conditions ; also its constitutionality in the par- 
ticular State in which it is proposed for enactment. The legal questions involved 
should be submitted by such persons to competent counsel of their own choice. 
Very truly yours, 

Chabt.es J. Bband, Chief. 



AN ACT To establish a Division of Marketing, prescribe its powers and duties, 
make an annual appropriation therefor, and for other purposes. 

[Enacting clause] 

Section 1. In this Act, words import singular or plural as the case demands ; 

" Person " includes partnerships, associations, and corporations ; 

" Farm Product " means any agricultural or horticultural product, any fresh 
or salt water food product, or any product designed for food or feed purposes 
manufactured or prepared principally from any agricultural or horticultural 
product or products ; 

" Marketing " includes preparing for market, transporting, storing, consign- 
ing, buying for purposes of manufacture or sale, offering for sale, selling, solicit- 
ing consignments, or receiving on consignment ; 

" Director " means Director of the Division of Marketing. 

When construing the provisions of this Act, the act, omission, or failure of 
any official or employee of any person, when such official or employee is acting 
within the scope of his office or employment, shall, in every case, be deemed 
also the act, omission, or failure of the person, as well as that of the official 
or employee. 

Sec 2. Marketing farm products in this State is declared to be affected with 
a public interest and to be subject to regulation and control by the State. 

Sec 3. There is hereby established in the [name of suitable State agency] a 
Division of Marketing, to be in charge of a Director under the general super- 
vision of the [name of suitable State agency]. The Director must be 
qualified for his duties by experience and training and shall be appointed by 

[ ]. He shall hold office for a term of ■ 

years, and until his successor is appointed and qualifies, and shall be paid an 
annual salary of $ . 

Sec. 4. Before he assumes the duties of his office, the Director shall execute 
and file with the [title of appropriate State official], a bond, payable to the 

State, in the sum of dollars, with two or more 

sureties, to be approved by the [title of appropriate State official], condi- 
tioned upon the proper and faithful performance of the official duties of the 
Director. Whenever any person suffers pecuniary damage by reason of the 
unlawful conduct of the Director, or of any of his employees or agents, acting 
within the scope of his or their office, employment or agency, such person or 
the legal representative of such person may, in an action upon the bond, recover 
the actual damages so sustained. 

Sec 5. In order to promote efficient and economical methods of marketing 
farm products, it shall be the duty of the Director to investigate the subject of 
marketing farm products, to publish the results of his investigations, and to 
furnish advice and assistance to the public. He is authorized to gather and 
diffuse timely information concerning the supply, demand, prevailing prices, 
and commercial movement of farm products, including quantities in common 
and cold storage. All educational and demonstrational work carried on by the 
Director under the authority of this Act among producers of farm products 
shall be conducted in cooperation with the Extension Division of the State 

3 



4 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. [S. R. A. 



Agricultural College and in accordance with plans mutually agreed upon by 
him and the Director of such Extension Division. 

Sec. 6. It shall be the duty of every person in this State engaged in market- 
ing farm products to prepare and submit to the Director, upon his request, at 
such regular intervals and in such form as he may prescribe, reports of the 
quantity and condition of any farm product held by or for such person, in 
commercial or other storage, in this State. 

At any time when it is deemed by the Governor that unusual need for such 
action exists, every person in this State shall furnish the Director, upon his 
request, on such date or dates and in such form as he may prescribe, special 
reports, orally or in writing, concerning the demand for, and the supply, con- 
sumption, cost, value, price, condition, and period of the holding of, any farm 
product which is or has been held by or for such person in storage or otherwise. 

The Director is authorized to inspect or cause to be inspected any farm 
product in the State upon which reports, provided for in this section, have been 
requested. 

When making public any information received in the reports provided for in 
this section, the Director, his employees or agents, shall not divulge the name 
of the person owning or reporting upon a farm product, without the consent of 
such person, or except pursuant to legal process. 

Sec. 7. After investigation and public hearing, and with the approval of the 
[name of the head of the State agency in which the Division of Marketing is 
placed], the Director may, from time to time, as far as practicable, establish 
and promulgate standards for the grade and other classification of, and stand- 
ards for receptacles for, farm products, by which their quality, value or quan- 
tity may be determined, and may make regulations governing the marks, brands, 
and labels which may be required upon receptacles for farm products for the 
purpose of showing the name and address of the producer or packer, the 
quantity, nature, and quality of the product, or any of them, and for the 
purpose of preventing deception with reference thereto. Any standard for any 
farm product or receptacle therefor, or any requirement for marking recepta- 
cles for farm products, now or hereafter made mandatory under authority of 
the Congress of the United States, shall forthwith, as far as applicable, be 
established or prescribed, and promulgated, by the Director as the official stand- 
ard or requirement in this State. No standard established or requirement for 
marking prescribed, under this section, shall become effective until the expira- 
tion of six months after it shall have been promulgated. 

Sec. 8. Whenever any standard for the grade or other classification of any 
farm product becomes effective under this Act, no person thereafter shall pack 
for sale, offer for sale, consign for sale, or sell any such farm product, grown, 
manufactured or prepared within this State, to which such standard is appli- 
cable, unless it conform to such standard, subject to such variations therefrom 
as may be allowed in the regulations made under this Act, except that any such 
farm product may be packed, offered or consigned for sale, or sold, without con- 
forming to the standard for grade or other classification applicable thereto, if 
it be specifically described, or plainly marked, in accordance with regulations 
made under this Act, in such manner as to indicate that it is ungraded or 
unclassified. 

Whenever any standard for a receptacle for a farm product becomes effective 
under this Act, no person thereafter shall pack for sale, offer for sale, consign 
for sale, or sell and deliver, in a receptacle, any such farm product to which the 
standard is applicable, unless the receptacle conform to the standard, subject to 
such variations therefrom as may be allowed in the regulations made under this 



Markets 21.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



5 



Act, or unless the receptacle be so different in form, shape and capacity as, 
upon ordinary observation, clearly to be distinguishable from the standard, or 
unless such product be brought from outside the State and offered for sale, con- 
signed for sale or sold in the original package. 

Whenever any requirement for the marking, branding, or labeling of a re- 
ceptacle for a farm product becomes effective under this Act, no person there- 
after shall pack for sale, offer for sale, consign for sale, or sell and deliver, any 
such farm product in a receptacle to which such requirement is applicable, 
unless the receptacle be marked, branded, or labeled according to such require- 
ment, or unless such product be brought from outside the State and offered for 
sale, consigned for sale or sold in the original package. 

The Director is authorized, at any time, to cause such inspections, classifica- 
tions and tests to be made, and such certificates to be issued, and, upon pay- 
ment or tender of payment of the market value thereof, to cause such samples 
to be taken, as he may deem necessary to enforce the provisions of this section. 

Sec. 9. The Director may designate any competent employee or agent of the 
Division of Marketing, and, upon satisfactory evidence of competency, may 
license any other person, to make upon request inspections and classifications 
of farm products in accordance with standards which have become effective 
under this Act. When any such inspection and classification is made, the in- 
spector shall issue a certificate of the grade or other classification of the farm 
product involved. The Director is authorized to fix, assess, and collect, or cause 
to be collected, fees for such services when they are performed by employees or 
agents of the Division of Marketing. Licensed inspectors may charge and col- 
lect, as compensation for such services, only such fees as may be approved by 
the Director. The Director may suspend or revoke any license, whenever, after 
opportunity for a hearing has been afforded to the licensee, the Director shall 
determine that such licensee is incompetent, or has knowingly or carelessly 
failed to classify any farm product correctly in accordance with such standards, 
or has violated any provision pf this Act or of the regulations made hereunder. 
Pending investigation, the Director may suspend a license temporarily without 
a hearing. 

Sec. 10. Any interested party, within a reasonable time, to be prescribed in 
the regulations made under this Act, may appeal to the Director from the 
classification of any farm product authorized under this Act, and the Director 
shall thereupon cause such investigation to be made and such tests to be applied 
as he may deem necessary or determine the true classification, and shall issue 
a finding of the grade or other classification thereof. Whenever an appeal 
shall be taken to the Director under this Act, he shall charge and assess, and 
collect, or cause to be collected, a reasonable fee, to be fixed by him, which 
shall be refunded if the appeal be sustained. 

Sec 11. A certificate, when not superseded by a finding, or a finding of the 
grade or other classification of any farm product issued under this Act shall be 
accepted in any court of this State as prima facie evidence of the true grade 
or other classification of such farm product at the time of its classification. 

Sec 12. The Director may appoint employees and agents to assist in carrying 
out the provisions of this Act, and may fix their compensation. He may re- 
quire any such employee or agent to execute and file with him an indemnity 

bond, payable to him, in such sum, not exceeding dollars, 

and with such surety or sureties, as he may prescribe, conditioned upon the 
faithful performance by such employee or agent of his official duties and to 
hold the Director harmless against any damage he may suffer by the default or 
misconduct of such employee or agent. 



6 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. [S. R. A. 



Sec. 13. The Director shall make reports to the [name of State agency in 
which the Division of Marketing is placed] at such times and in such form as 
said [agency] may require. 

Sec. 14. The Director shall account to the [title of appropriate State official] 
for all moneys received and expended by him as Director and for all fees col- 
lected by his employees and agents. All fees and other moneys collected under 
this Act by him and by his employees or agents in their official capacities shall 
be covered into the State Treasury. 

Sec. 15. In carrying out the provisions of sections six and eight of this Act 
the Director, his employees and agents, are authorized to enter, on any business 
day during the usual hours of business, any storehouse, warehouse, cold storage 
plant, packing house, stock yard, railroad yard, railroad car, or any other build- 
ing or place, where farm products are kept or stored by any person ei. gaged 
in marketing farm products. 

Sec. 16. In carrying out the provisions of section six of this Act, the Director, 
or his employees designated by him for the purpose, may require the attendance 
before him, or any of them, of any person from whom reports have been re- 
quested, or of any employee of such person ; may administer oaths to, and take 
the testimony of, any such person or his employee ; and may require the produc- 
tion by such persons or their employees of any books, records, and other 
documentary evidence, relating to the farm product about which reports have 
been requested. [Immunity clause to be inserted if required by the constitution 
of the State.] 

Sec. 17. Subject to the approval of the [name of head of State agency in 
which the Division of Marketing is placed], the Director is authorized to make 
and promulgate such regulations as may be necessary to carry out rhe provisions 
of this Act. Such regulations shall be made to conform as nearly as practicable 
to any Act of Congress relating to the marketing of farm products. 

Sec. 18. Any person who violates any provision of section eight of this Act, 
or of the regulations made under this Act for carrying out the provisions of 
section eight, or who fails or refuses to comply with, or, with intent to deceive, 
answers or reports falsely in response to, any requirement of section six or 
section sixteen of this Act, or who wilfully interferes with the Director, his 
employees or agents, in the execution, or on account of the execution, of his or 
their duties under sections six, eight, and fifteen of this Act, shall be deemed 
guilty of a misdemeanor. 

Sec. 19. If the Director, his employee or agent, divulges any information 
acquired by him in the discharge of his official duties, concerning the methods, 
operations, contracts, customers or business of any person, unless by the consent 
of such person, or in accordance with this Act and the regulations made here- 
under, or pursuant to legal process, such Director, or his employee or agent, 
as the case may be, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. 

SeC. 20. The Director and his employees are each prohibited, during their 
respective terms of office or employment, except for the purposes of the Division 
of Marketing, from engaging in this State, or elsewhere, in the business of 
buying or selling, or in commission dealing in, farm products. 

Sec. 21. Any person convicted of a misdemeanor under this Act shall be 
punished by a fine of not more than dollars, or by im- 
prisonment in the county jail for not more than months, 

or by both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court. 

Sec. 22. There is hereby appropriated, out of any moneys in the Treasury 

not otherwise appropriated, the sum of dollars, annually, 

or so much thereof as may be necessary, to be expended in carrying out the 
provisions of this Act. 



Markets 21. J SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



7 



Sec. 23. All laws and parts of laws in conflict with this act are repealed. If 
any clause, sentence, paragraph, or part of this act shall, for any reason, be 
adjudged by any court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, such judgment 
shall not affect, impair, or invalidate the remainder thereof, but shall be con- 
fined in its operation to the clause, sentence, paragraph, or part thereof, directly 
involved in the controversy in which such judgment shall have been rendered. 
This Act shall not be construed so as to conflict with any statute of the United 
States regulating commerce among the several States or in any place under the 
exclusive jurisdiction of the United States. 

Sec. 24. The right to alter, amend, or repeal this Act is hereby expressly 
reserved. 

Sec. 25. This Act shall take effect upon its passage and approval. 



ADDITIONAL COPIES 

OF THIS PUBLICATION MAY BE PROCURED FROM 
THE SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS 
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
WASHINGTON, D. C. 
AT 

5 CENTS PER COPY 



J 




WASHINGTON : GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1917 



i 



A 




United States Department of Agriculture, 

OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION, 
Charles J. Brand, Chief. 



SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 

No. 22. 

UNITED STATES GRAIN STANDARDS ACT. 



Official Grain Standards of the 
United States for Wheat. 



Issued march 31, 1917. 



88946°— 17 



WASHINGTON : GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1917 



I 



S. R. A. — Markets 22. Issued March 31, 1917. 

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 

OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. 

CHARLES J. BRAND, Chief. 

SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS, 

No. 22. 1 



OFFICIAL GRAIN STANDARDS OF THE UNITED STATES 

FOR WHEAT. 

United States Department of Agriculture, 

Office of Markets and Rural Organization, 

Washington, D. C. r March 30, 1917. 

Hon. D. F. Houston, 

Secretary of Agriculture, 

Sir: We have the honor to transmit herewith a draft of an order 
fixing, establishing, promulgating, and giving public notice of, the 
official grain standards of the United States for wheat under the 
United States grain standards Act of August 11, 1916 (39 U. S. 
Statutes at Large, 482). It is recommended that they be fixed, es- 
tablished, promulgated, and published as the official grain standards 
of the United States for wheat, pursuant to the authority conferred 
on you by said Act, to be in force and effect for Hard Red Winter 
wheat, Soft Red Winter wheat, Common White wheat, and White 
Club wheat, on and after July 1, 1917, and, for all other wheat, on 
and after August 1, 1917, or until altered or modified hereafter by 
the Secretary of Agriculture under the Act. 

It is desirable that the standards become effective for winter wheats 
on July 1, 1917, and for spring wheats on August 1, 1917, in order 
that the changes may be applied at the beginning of the new crop 
movement. 

Very respectfully, 

Wm. A. Taylor, 

Chief, Bureau of Plant Industry. 
Charles J. Brand, 

Chief, Office of Markets and Rural Organization. 

Approved : 

Francis G. Caffey, Solicitor. 



1 Previous numbers in this series which relate to the United States grain standards 
Act are: Nos. 11 to 15 and 17 to 19. 



2 OFFICE OF MAKKETS AND KURAL ORGANIZATION. [S. R. A., 

ORDER ESTABLISHING OFFICIAL GRAIN STANDARDS OF THE 
UNITED STATES FOR WHEAT. 

Pursuant to the authority vested in the Secretary of Agriculture by 
Part B, known as the United States grain standards Act, of an Act 
of Congress entitled "An Act Making appropriations for the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nine- 
teen hundred and seventeen, and for other purposes," approved 
August 11, 1916 (39 United States Statutes at Large, pages 446, 482) , 
I, David F. Houston, Secretary of Agriculture, do hereby fix, estab- 
lish, promulgate, and give public notice of, standards of quality and 
condition for wheat, as hereinafter described, which shall become 
effective, for Hard Red Winter wheat, Soft Eed Winter wheat, Com- 
mon White wheat, and White Club wheat, on the first day of July, 
nineteen hundred and seventeen, and, for all other wheat, on the first 
day of August, nineteen hundred and seventeen : 

OFFICIAL GRAIN STANDARDS OF THE UNITED STATES FOR WHEAT. 

Section 1. Basis of determinations. — Each determination, other 
than that of dockage, for the purposes of these standards shall be 
made upon the basis of the grain when free from dockage. 

Sec. 2. Percentages. — Percentages, except in the case of moisture, 
shall be percentages ascertained by weight. 

Sec. 3. Dockage. — Dockage includes sand, dirt, weed seeds, weed 
stems, chaff, straw, grain other than wheat, and any other foreign 
material, which can be removed readily from the wheat by the use 
of appropriate sieves, cleaning devices, or other practical means 
suited to separate the foreign material present; also undeveloped, 
shriveled, and small pieces of wheat kernels necessarily removed in 
properly separating the foreign material. The quantity of dockage 
shall be calculated in terms of percentage based on the total weight 
of the grain including the dockage. The percentage of dockage so 
calculated shall be stated in terms of whole per centum and half per 
centum. A fraction of a per centum when equal to, or greater than, 
a half shall be treated as a half, and when less than a half shall 
be disregarded. The percentage of dockage so determined and stated 
shall be added to the grade designation. 

Sec. 4. Wheat. — Any grain which, when free from dockage, con- 
tains more than six per centum of grain of a kind or kinds other 
than wheat shall not be classified as wheat. 

Sec 5. Classes and subclasses. — Wheat shall be divided into classes 
and subclasses as follows : 



i 



Markets 22.] SERVICE AND' REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



3 



Class I. 

HARD RED SPRING. 

This class shall include all varieties of hard red spring wheat, but 
shall not include more than ten per centum of other wheat or wheats. 
This class shall be divided into four subclasses as follows: 

Dark Northern Spring. 

This subclass shall include wheat of the class Hard Red 
Spring of which eighty-five per centum or more consists of 
dark, hard, and vitreous kernels, but shall not contain more 
than ten per centum of wheat of the variety Humpback. 

Northern Spring. 

This subclass shall include wheat of the class Hard Ked 
Spring of which less than eighty-five per centum and more 
than twenty-five per centum consists of dark, hard, and 
vitreous kernels, but shall not contain more than ten per 
centum of wheat of the variety Humpback. 

Red Spring. 

This subclass shall include wheat of the class Hard Red 
Spring which consists of kernels of yellow or mottled ap- 
pearance, or of starchy texture, and of not more than 
twenty-five per centum of dark, hard, and vitreous kernels, 
but shall not contain more than ten per centum of wheat 
of the variety Humpback. 

Red Spring Humpback. 

This subclass shall include wheat of the class Hard Red 
Spring of which more than ten per centum consists of 
wheat of the variety Humpback. 

Class II. 

COMMON AND RED DURUM. 

This class shall include all varieties of durum wheat, but shall not 
include more than ten per centum of other wheat or wheats. This 
class shall be divided into three subclasses as follows: 

Amber Durum. 



This subclass shall include wheat of the class Common 
and Red Durum of which seventy- five per centum or more 



4 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. [S. R. A., 



consists of kernels of amber color and texture, but shall not 
contain more than ten per centum of wheat of the variety 
Eed Durum. 

Durum. 

This subclass shall include wheat of the class Common 
and Red Durum which consists of kernels of yellow or mot- 
tled appearance, or of starchy texture, and of less than 
seventy-five per centum of kernels of amber color and tex- 
ture, but shall not contain more than ten per centum of 
wheat of the variety Red Durum. 

Red Durum. 

This subclass shall include wheat of the class Common 
and Red Durum which consists of more than ten per centum 
of wheat of the variety Red Durum. 

Class III. 

HARD RED WINTER. 

This class shall include all varieties of hard red winter wheat, 
but shall not include more than ten per centum of other wheat or 
wheats. This class shall be divided into three subclasses as follows: 

Dark Hard 'Winter. 

This subclass shall include wheat of the class Hard Red 
Winter of which ninety per centum or more consists of dark, 
hard, and vitreous kernels. 

Hard Winter. 

This subclass shall include wheat of the class Hard Red 
Winter of which less than ninety per centum and more 
than twenty-five per centum consists of dark, hard, and 
vitreous kernels. 

Yellow Hard Winter. 

This subclass shall include wheat of the class Hard Red 
Winter which consists of kernels of yellow or mottled ap- 
pearance, or of starchy texture, and of not more than 
twenty-five per centum of dark, hard, and vitreous kernels. 



Markets 22.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



5 



Class IV. 

SOFT RED WINTER. 

This class shall include all varieties of soft red winter wheat, also 
red club and red hybrid wheats of the Pacific Northwest, but shall 
not include more than ten per centum of other wheat or wheats. 
This class shall be divided into three subclasses as follows: 

Red Winter. 

This subclass shall include wheat of the class Soft Red 
Winter of both light and dark colored kernels, but shall not 
include more than ten per centum of wheat of the subclass 
Red Walla, nor any wheat which contains garlic or wild 
onion bulblets or has an unmistakable odor of garlic or 
wild onions. 

Red Walla. 

This subclass shall include wheat of the class Soft Red 
Winter which consists of more than ten per centum, either 
singly or in any combination, of Red Russian, red clubs, 
red hybrids, and other soft red winter wheats possessing 
the characteristics of those varieties as grown west of the 
Great Plains area of the United States, but shall not include 
any wheat which contains garlic or wild onion bulblets or 
has an unmistakable odor of garlic or wild onions. 

Soft Red. 

This subclass shall include wheat of the class Soft Red 
Winter which contains garlic or wild onion bulblets or has 
an unmistakable odor of garlic or wild onions. 

Class V. 

COMMON WHITE. 

This class shall include all varieties, except Sonora, of common 
white wheat, whether winter or spring grown, but shall not include 
more than ten per centum of other wheat or wheats. This class shall 
be divided into two subclasses as follows: 

Hard White. 

This subclass shall include (white) Bluestem, Early Baart, 
Allen or Red Allen, Galgalos (white), Martin Amber, and 



6 



OFFICE OF MARKET'S AND RURAL ORGANIZATIOX. [S. R.A., 



wheats possessing similar characteristics, of the class Com- 
mon White, but shall not include more than twenty per 
centum of kernels of soft and chalky texture. 

Soft White. 

This subclass shall include wheat of the class Common 
White which contains more than twenty per centum of ker- 
nels of soft and chalky texture, and all wheat of the class 
Common White not included in the subclass Hard White. 

Class VI. 

WHITE CLUB. 

This class shall include all varieties and hybrids of white club 
wheat, and the common white wheat known as Sonora, but shall not 
include more than ten per centum of other wheat or wheats. 

Sec. 6. Mixed wheat. — Mixed wheat shall be any mixture of wheat 
not provided for in the classes from I to VI. inclusive, defined in 
section 5. 

Sec. 7. Smutty wheat. — Smuttj 7 wheat shall be all wheat which4ias 
an unmistakable odor of smut, or which contains spores, balls, or 
portions of balls, of smut, in excess of a quantity equal to one ball 
of average size in fifty grams of wheat. 

Sec 8. Treated wheat. — Treated wheat shall be wheat which has 
been scoured, limed, washed, or treated in any similar manner. 

Sec. 9. Test weight per bushel. — Test weight per bushel shall be 
the weight per Winchester bushel as determined by the testing ap- 
paratus and the method of use thereof described in Bulletin 472, 
dated October 30, 1916, issued by the United States Department of 
Agriculture, or as determined by any device giving equivalent results. 

Sec 10. Percentage of moisture. — Percentage of moisture in wheat 
shall be that, or the equivalent of that, ascertained by the moisture 
tester and the method of use thereof described in Circular No. 72, 
and supplement thereto, issued by the United States Department of 
Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. 

Sec 11. Heat damaged kernels. — Heat damaged kernels shall be 
kernels of wheat which have been distinctly discolored as a result of 
heating caused by fermentation. 

Sec 12. Inseparable foreign material. — Inseparable foreign mate- 
rial shall include all matter other than wheat which is not sepa- 
rated from the wheat in the proper determination of dockage. 



Markets 22.] SERVICE AND BEGULATOB'X ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



7 



GRADES FOR HARD RED SPRING WHEAT. 

Sec. 13. Grades for Hard Red Spring wheat. — The subclasses 
Dark NoTffiern Spring, Northern Spring, Red Spring, and Red 
Spring Humpback wheat shall be divided into six grades for each 
subclass, the designations and requirements of which, respectively, 
shall be as specified in this section. 

No. 1 Dark Northern Spring, 

No. 1 Northern Spring, and 

No. 1 Red Spring 
each (a) shall be bright, cool and sweet; (b) shall contain 
not more than two per centum of wheat of the .variety 
Humpback and of wheat of other classes, which two per 
centum may include not more than one per centum of Com- 
mon White, White Club, or Common and Red Durum wheat, 
either singly or in any combination; (c) shall contain not 
more than thirteen and one-half per centum of moisture*/ 

(d) shall have a test weight per bushel or at least fifty-nine 
pounds; (e) shall contain not more than one per centum of 
damaged kernels and no heat damaged kernels ; and (/) shall 
contain not more than five-tenths of one per centum of insep- 
arable foreign material, which may include not v more than 
one-fourth of one per centum of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, 
darnel, or wild rose, either singly or in any combination. 

No. 2 Dark Northern Spring, 

No. 2 Northern Spring, and 

No. 2 Red Spring 
each (a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more 
than four per centum of wheat of the variety Humpback 
and of wheat of other classes, which four per centum may 
include not more than two per centum of Common White, 
White Club, or Common and Red Durum wheat, either 
singhy or in any combination; (c) shall contain not more 
than fourteen and one-half per centum of moisture; (d) shall 
have a test weight per bushel of at least fifty-seven pounds; 

(e) shall contain not more than four per centum of dam- 
aged kernels, which may include not more than one-tenth 
of one per centum of heat damaged kernels; and (f) shall 
contain not more than one per centum of inseparable for- 
eign material, which may include not more than five-tenths 
of one per centum of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, 
or wild rose, either singly or in any combination. 




OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. [S.R. 



No. 3 Dark Northern Spring, 
No. 3 Northern Spring, and 
No. 3 Red Spring 

each (a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more 
than six per centiun of wheat of the variety Humpback and 
of wheat of other classes, which six per centum may in- 
clude not more than three per centum of Common White, 
White Club, or Common and Red Durum wheat, either singly 
or in any combination ; (c) shall contain not more than four- 
teen and one-half per centum of moisture; (d) shall have a 
test weight per bushel of at least fifty-five pounds; (e) shall 
contain not more than seven per centum of damaged kernels, 
which may include not more than five-tenths of one per cen- 
tum of heat damaged kernels ; and (/) shall contain not more 
than two per centum of inseparable foreign material, which 
may include not more than one per centum of kinghead, 
corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either singly or in any 
combination. 

No. 4 Dark Northern Spring, 
No. 4 Northern Spring, and 
No. 4 Red Spring 

each (a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more 
than ten per centum of wheat of the variety Humpback and 
of wheat of other classes, which ten per centum may include 
not more than five per centum of Common White, White 
Club, or Common and Red Durum wheat, either singly or 
in any combination; (c) shall contain not more than fifteen 
and one -half per centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test 
weight per bushel of at least fifty-three pounds; (e) shall 
contain not more than ten per centum of damaged kernels, 
which may include not more than one per centum of heat 
damaged kernels ; and (/) shall contain not more than four 
per centum of inseparable foreign material, which may 
include not more than two per centum of kinghead, corn 
cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either singly or in any 
combination. 

No. 5 Dark Northern Spring, 

No. 5 Northern Spring, and 

No. 5 Red Spring 
each (a) shall be cool, but may be slightly musty or slightly 
sour; (b) shall contain not more than ten per centum of 
wheat of the variety Humpback and of wheat of other 
classes, which ten per centum may include not more than five 



Markets 22.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENT'S. 

per centum of Common White, White Club, or Common and 
Red Durum wheat, either singly or in any combination; 

(c) shall contain not more than fifteen and one-half per 
centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test weight per bushel 
of at least fifty-one pounds; (e) shall contain not more than 
fifteen per centum of damaged kernels, which may include 
not more than three per centum of heat damaged kernels; 
and (/) shall contain not more than six per centum of in- 
separable foreign material, which may include not more 
than three per centum of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, 
darnel, or wild rose, either singly or in any combination. 

Sample Grade Dark Northern Spring, 

Sample Grade Northern Spring, and 

Sample Grade Red Spring 
each shall be wheat of the subclass Dark Northern Spring, 
or Northern Spring, or Red Spring, respectively, which 
does not come within the requirements of any of the grades 
from No. 1 to No. 5, inclusive, or has any commercially 
objectionable foreign odor, except smutty wheat, or is dis- 
tinctly musty or very sour, or is hot, heating, fire-burned, 
infested with live weevil, or otherwise of distinctly low 
quality, or contains garlic or wild onion bulblets, or has an 
unmistakable odor of garlic or wild onions, or contains 
small, inseparable stones or cinders. 

No. 1 Red Spring Humpback 

(a) shall be bright, cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not 
more than two per centum of wheat of other classes, which 
may include not more than one per centum of Common 
White, White Club, or Common and Red Durum wheat, 
either singly or in any combination; (c) shall contain not 
more than thirteen and one-half per centum of moisture; 

(d) shall have a test weight per bushel of at least fifty-nine 
pounds; (e) shall contain not more than one per centum of 
damaged kernels and no heat damaged kernels; and (/) 
shall contain not more than five-tenths of one per centum 
of inseparable foreign material, which may include not more 
than one-fourth of one per centum of kinghead, corn cockle, 
vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either singly or in any combina- 
tion. 

No. 2 Red Spring Humpback 
(a) shall be cool and sweet: (b) shall contain not more 
than four per centum of wheat of other classes, which may 
include not more than two per centum of Common White, 

S8946 0 — 17 2 



10 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AND BUBAL ORGANIZATION. [S.R.A., 



White Club, or Common and Red Durum wheat, either 
singly or in any combination; (e) shall contain not more 
than fourteen and one-half per centum of moisture; (d) 
shall have a test weight per bushel of at least fifty-seven 
pounds; (e) shall contain not more than four per centum of 
damaged kernels, which may include not more than one- 
tenth of one per centum of heat damaged kernels; and (/) 
shall contain not more than one per centum of inseparable 
foreign material, which may include not more than five- 
tenths of one per centum of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, 
darnel, or wild rose, either singly or in any combination. 

No. 3 Red Spring Humpback 
(a) shall be cool and sweet; (h) shall contain not more 
than six per centum of wheat of other classes, which may 
include not more than three per centum of Common White, 
White Club, or Common and Red Durum wheat, either 
singly or in any combination; (c) shall contain not more 
than fourteen and one-half per centum of moisture; (d) 
shall have a test weight per bushel of at least fifty-five 
pounds; (e) shall contain not more than seven per centum 
of damaged kernels, which may include not more than five- 
tenths of one per centum of heat damaged kernels ; and (/) 
shall contain not more than two per centum of inseparable 
foreign material, which may include not more than one 
per centum of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild 
rose, either singly or in any combination. 

No. 4 Red Spring Humpback 
(a) shall be cool and sweet; (h) shall contain not more than 
ten per centum of wheat of other classes, which may include 
not more than five per centum of Common White, White 
Club, or Common and Red Durum wheat, either singly or in 
any combination; (c) shall contain not more than fifteen 
and one-half per centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test 
weight per bushel of at least fifty-three pounds; (e) shall 
contain not more than ten per centum of damaged kernels, 
which may include not more than one per centum of heat 
damaged kernels; and (/) shall contain not more than four 
per centum of inseparable foreign material, which may 
include not more than two per centum of kinghead, corn 
cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either singly or in any 
combination. 

No. 5 Red Spring Humpback 

(a) shall be cool, but may be slightly musty or slightly sour; 

(b) shall contain not more than ten per centum of wheat of , 



Markets 22.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



11 



other classes, which may include not more than five per 
centum of Common White, White Club, or Common and 
Red Durum wheat, either singly or in any combination; 
(c) shall contain not more than fifteen and one-half per 
centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test weight per bushel 
of at least fifty-one pounds; (e) shall contain not more than 
fifteen per centum of damaged kernels, which may include 
not more than three per centum of heat damaged kernels; 
and (/) shall contain not more than six per centum of in- 
separable foreign material, which may include not more 
than three per centum of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, 
darnel, or wild rose, either singty or in any combination. 

- Sample Grade Red Spring Humpback 
shall be wheat of the subclass Red Spring Humpback which 
does not come within the requirements of any of the grades 
from No. 1 to No. 5, inclusive, or has any commercially ob- 
jectionable foreign odor, except smutty wheat, or is dis- 
tinctly musty or very sour, or is hot, heating, fire-burned, in- 
fested with live weevil, or otherwise of distinctly low quality, 
or contains garlic or wild onion bulblets, or has an unmis- 
takable odor of garlic or wild onions, or contains small, 
inseparable stones or cinders. 

GRADES FOR COMMON AND RED DURUM WHEAT. 

Sec. 14. Grades for Common and Red Durwn wheat. — The sub« 
classes Amber Durum and Durum wheat shall be divided into sis 
grades for each subclass, the designations and requirements of which, 
respectively, shall be as specified in this section. 

No. 1 Amber Durum and 
No. 1 Durum 

each (a) shall be bright, cool and sweet; (b) shall contain 
not more than two per centum of wheat of the variety Red 
Durum and of wheat of other classes, which two per centum 
may include not more than one per centum of Common 
White, White Club, or Soft Red Winter wheat, either 
singly or in any combination; (c) shall contain not more 
than thirteen and one-half per centum of moisture; (d) 
shall have a test weight per bushel of at least sixty-one 
pounds; (e) shall contain not more than one per centum of 
damaged ' kernels and no heat damaged kernels; and (/) 
shall contain not more than five-tenths of one per centum 
of inseparable foreign material, which may include not more 
than one-fourth of one per centum of kinghead, corn cockle, 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. tS.R. A., 

vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either singly or in any combina- 
tion. 

No. 2 Amber Durum and 
No. 2 Durum 

each (a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more 
than ten per centum of wheat of the variety Eed Durum 
and of wheat of other classes, which ten per centum may 
include not more than five per centum of Common White, 
White Club, Soft Red Winter, or Red Durum wheat, either 
singly or in any combination; (c) shall contain not more 
than fourteen and one-half per centum of moisture; (d) 
shall have a test weight per bushel of at least fifty-nine 
pounds; (e) shall contain not more than four per centum of 
damaged kernels, which may include not more than one- 
tenth of one per centum of heat damaged kernels; and (/) 
shall contain not more than one per centum of inseparable 
foreign material, which may include not more than five- 
tenths of one per centum of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, 
darnel, or wild rose, either singly or in any combination. 

No. 3 Amber Durum and 
No. 3 Durum 

each (a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more 
than ten per centum of wheat of the variety Red Durum 
and of wheat of other classes, which ten per centum may 
include not more than five per centum of Common White, 
White Club, Soft Red Winter, or Red Durum wheat, either 
singly or in any combination; (c) shall contain not more 
than fourteen and one-half per centum of moisture; (d) shall 
have a test weight per bushel of at least fifty-seven pounds ; 
(e) shall contain not more than seven per centum of dam- 
aged kernels, which may include not more than five-tenths 
of one per centum of heat damaged kernels; and (/) shall 
contain not more than two per centum of inseparable foreign 
material, which may include not more than one per centum 
of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either 
singly or in any combination. 

No. 4 Amber Durum and 
No. 4 Durum 

each (a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more 
than ten per centum of wheat of the variety Red Durum 
and of wheat of other classes, which ten per centum may 
include not more than five per centum of Common White, 
White Club, or Soft Red Winter wheat, either singly or in 



Markets 22.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

any combination; (e) shall contain not more than fifteen 
and one-half per centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test 
weight per bushel of at least fifty-five pounds; (e) shall con- 
tain not more than ten per centum of damaged kernels, 
which may include not more than one per centum of heat 
damaged kernels; and (/) shall contain not more than four 
per centum of inseparable foreign material, which may 
include not more than two per centum of kinghead, corn 
cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either singly or in any 
combination. 

No. 5 Amber Durum and 
No. 5 Durum 

each (a) shall be cool, but may be slightly musty or slightly 
sour; (b) shall contain not more than ten per centum of 
wheat of the variety Red Durum and of wheat of other 
classes, which ten per centum may include not more than five 
per centum of Common White, White Club, or Soft Red 
Winter wheat, either singly or in any combination; (c) shall 
contain not more than fifteen and one-half per centum of 
moisture; (d) shall have a test weight per bushel of at least 
fifty-three pounds; (e) shall contain not more than fifteen 
per centum of damaged kernels, which may include not more 
than three per centum of heat damaged kernels; and (/) 
shall contain not more than six per centum of inseparable 
foreign material, which may include not more than three 
per centum of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild 
rose, either singly or in any combination. 

Sample Grade Amber Durum and 

Sample Grade Durum 
each shall be wheat of the subclass Amber Durum or Durum, 
respectively, which does not come within the requirements 
of any of the grades from No. 1 to No. 5, inclusive, or has 
any commercially objectionable foreign odor, except smutty 
wheat, or is distinctly musty or very sour, or is hot, heating, 
fire-burned, infested with live weevil or otherwise of dis- 
tinctly low quality, or contains garlic or wild onion bulblets, 
or has an unmistakable odor of garlic or wild onions, or con- 
tains small, inseparable stones or cinders. 

No. 1 Red Durum 
(a) shall contain ninety-five per centum or more of wheat 
of the variety Red Durum, and shall be bright, cool and 
sweet; (b) shall contain not more than two per centum of 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. [S. R. 

wheat of other classes, which may include not more than 
one per centum of Common White, White Club, or Soft 
Red Winter wheat, either singly or in any combination; 
(c) shall contain not more than thirteen and one-half per 
centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test weight per bushel 
of at least sixty-one pounds; (e) shall contain not more than 
one per centum of damaged kernels and no heat damaged 
kernels; and (/) shall contain not more than five-tenths 
of one per centum of inseparable foreign material, which 
may include not more than one- fourth of one per centum 
of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either 
singly or in any combination. 

No. 2 Red Durum 
(a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more than 
four per centum of wheat of other classes, which may in- 
clude not more than two per centum of Common White, 
White Club, or Soft Red Winter wheat, either singly or 
in any combination; (c) shall contain not more than four- 
teen and one-half per cent of moisture; (d) shall have a 
test weight per bushel of at least fifty-nine pounds; (e) 
shall contain not more than four per centum of damaged 
kernels, which may include not more than one-tenth of 
one per centum of heat damaged kernels; and (/) shall con- 
tain not more than one per centum of inseparable foreign 
material, which may include not more than five-tenths of 
one per centum of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, 
or wild rose, either singly or in any combination. 

No. 3 Red Durum 
(a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more than 
six per centum of wheat of other classes, which may include 
not more than three per centum of Common White, White 
Club, or Soft Red Winter wheat, either singly or in any com- 
bination; (c) shall contain not more than fourteen and one- 
half per centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test weight per 
bushel of at least fifty-seven pounds; (e) shall contain not 
more than seven per centum of damaged kernels, which may 
include not more than five-tenths of one per centum of heat 
damaged kernels; and (/) shall contain not more than two 
per centum of inseparable foreign material, which may in- 
clude not more than one per centum of kinghead, corn cockle, 
vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either singly or in any combi- 
nation. 



Markets 22.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



15 



No. 4 Red Durum 
(a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more than 
ten per centum of wheat of other classes, which may include 
not more than five per centum of Common White, White 
Club, or Soft Red Winter wheat, either singly or in any com- 
bination; (c) shall contain not more than fifteen and one- 
half per centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test weight per 
bushel of at least fifty-five pounds; (e) shall contain not 
more than ten per centum of damaged kernels, which may in- 
clude not more than one per centum of heat damaged ker- 
nels ; and (/) shall contain not more than four per centum of 
inseparable foreign material, which may include not more 
than two per centum of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, 
or wild rose, either singly or in any combination. 

No. 5 Red Durum 

(a) shall be cool, but may be slightly musty or slightly sour ; 

(b) shall contain not more than ten per centum of wheat of 
other classes, which may include not more than five per 
centum of Common White, White Club, or Soft Red Winter 
wheat, either singly or in any combination; (c) shall contain 
not more than fifteen and one-half per centum of moisture ; 
(d) shall have a test weight per bushel of at least fifty-three 
pounds; (e) shall contain not more than fifteen per centum 
of damaged kernels, which may include not more than three 
per centum of heat damaged kernels; and (/) shall contain 
not more than six per centum of inseparable foreign mate- 
rial, which may include not more than three per centum of 
kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either 
singly or in any combination. 

Sample Grade Red Durum 
shall be wheat of the subclass Red Durum which does not 
come within the requirements of any of the grades from No. 
1 to No. 5, inclusive, or has any commercially objectionable 
foreign odor, except smutty wheat, or is distinctly musty or 
very sour, or is hot, heating, fire-burned, infested with live 
weevil, or otherwise of distinctly low quality, or contains 
garlic or wild onion bulblets, or has an unmistakable odor of 
garlic or wild onions, or contains small, inseparable stones 
or cinders. 

GRADES FOR HARD RED WINTER WHEAT. 

Sec. 15. Grades for Hard Red Winter wheat. — The subclasses Dark 
Hard Winter, Hard Winter, and Yellow Hard Winter wheat shall 



16 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. [S. R. A., 



be divided into six grades for each subclass, the designations and 
requirements of which, respectively, shall be as specified in this 
section. 

No. 1 Dark Hard Winter 
(a) shall contain ninety-five per centum or more of sound, 
dark, hard, and vitreous kerne^ and shall be bright, cool 
and sweet; (b) shall contain not more than two per centum 
of wheat of other classes, which ma} 7 include not more than 
one per centum of Common White, White Club, or Common 
and Red Durum wheat, either singly or in any combination ; 
(c) shall contain not more than thirteen per centum of 
v moisture; (d) shall have a test weight per bushel of at least 
\i sixty-one pounds^ (e) shall contain^not more than one per 
centum of damaged kernels and no heat damaged kernels; 
and (/) shall contain not more than five-tenths of one per 
centum of inseparable foreign material, which may include 
not more than one- fourth of one per centum of kinghead, 
corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either singly or in 
any combination. 

No. 1 Hard Winter and 

No. 1 Yellow Hard Winter 
each (a) shall be bright, cool and sweet; (b) shall contain 
not more than two per centum of wheat of other classes, 
which may include not more than one per centum of Com- 
mon White, White Club, or Common and Red Durum wheat, 
either singly or in any combination; (c) shall contain not 
more than thirteen per centum of moisture; (d) shall have 
a test weight per bushel of at least sixty-one pounds; (e) 
shall contain not more than one per centum of damaged 
kernels and no heat damaged kernels; and (/) shall contain 
not more than five-tenths of one per centum of inseparable 
foreign material, which may include not more than one- 
fourth of one per centum of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, 
darnel, or wild rose, either singly or in any combination. 

No. 2 Dark Hard Winter, 

No. 2 Hard Winter, and 

No. 2 Yellow Hard Winter 
each (a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more 
than four per centum of wheat of other classes, which may 
include not more than two per centum of Common White, 
White Club, or Common and Red Durum wheat, either 
singly or in any combination; (c) shall contain not more 
than thirteen per centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test 



Markets 22.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

weight per bushel of at least fifty-nine pounds; (e) shall 
contain not more than four per centum of damaged kernels, 
which may include not more than one-tenth of one per 
centum of heat damaged kernels; and (/) shall contain not 
more than one per centum of inseparable foreign material, 
which may include not more than five-tenths of one per 
centum of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, 
either singly or in any combination. 

No. 3 Dark Hard Winter, 

No. 3 Hard Winter, and 

No. 3 Yellow Hard Winter 
each (a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more 
than six per centum of wheat of other classes, which may 
include not more than three per centum of Common White, 
White Club, or Common and Red Durum wheat, either 
singly or in any combination; (c) shall contain not more 
than fourteen per centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test 
weight per bushel of at least fifty-seven pounds; (e) shall 
contain not more than seven per centum of damaged kernels, 
which may include not more than five-tenths of one per 
centum of heat damaged kernels; and (/) shall contain not 
more than two per centum of inseparable foreign material, 
which may include not more than one per centum of king- 
head, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either singly or 
in any combination. 

No. 4 Dark Hard Winter, 

No. 4 Hard Winter, and 

No. 4 Yellow Hard Winter 
each (a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more 
than ten per centum of wheat of other classes, which may 
include not more than five per centum of Common White. 
White Club, or Common and Red Durum wheat, either 
singly or in any combination; (c) shall contain not more 
than fourteen per centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test 
weight per bushel of at least fifty-five pounds; (e) shall con- 
tain not more than ten per centum of damaged kernels, which 
which may include not more than one per Centum of heat 
damaged kernels; and (/) shall contain not more than four 
per centum of inseparable foreign material, which may in- 
clude not more than two per centum of kinghead, corn 
cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either singly or in any 
combination. 



18 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. [ S. R. A.., 



No. 5 Dark Hard Winter, 

No. 5 Hard Winter, and 

No. 5 Yellow Hard Winter 
each (a) shall be cool, but may be slightly musty or slightly 
sour; (6) shall contain not more than ten per centum of 
wheat of other classes, which may include not more than 
five per centum of Common White, White Club, or Common 
and Eed Durum wheat, either singly or in any combination ; 
(c) shall contain not more than fifteen per centum of mois- 
- ture; (d) shall have a test weight per bushel of at least 
fifty-three pounds; (e) shall contain not more than fifteen 
per centum of damaged kernels, which may include not 
more than three per centum of heat damaged kernels ; and 
(/) shall contain net more than six per centum of insepara- 
ble foreign material, which may include not more than 
three per centum of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, 
or wild rose, either singly or in any combination. 

Sample Grade Dark Hard Winter, 
Sample Grade Hard Winter, and 
Sample Grade Yellow Hard Winter 

each shall be Avheat of the subclass Dark Hard Winter, or 
Hard Winter, or Yellow Hard Winter, respectively, which 
does not come within the requirements of any of the grades 
from No. 1 to No. 5, inclusive, or has any commercially ob- 
jectionable foreign odor, except smutty wheat, or is distinctly 
musty or very sour, or is hot, heating, fire-burned, infested 
with live weevil, or otherwise of distinctly low quality, or 
contains garlic or wild onion bulblets. or has an unmistak- 
able odor of garlic or wild onions, or contains small, insep- 
arable stones or cinders. 

GRADES FOR SOFT RED WINTER WHEAT. 

Sec. 16. Grades for Soft Red Winter wheat. — The subclasses Red 
Winter. Eed Walla, and Soft Red wheat shall be divided into six 
grades for each subclass, the designations and requirements of which, 
respectively, shall be as specified in this section. 

No. 1 Red Winter 
(a) shall be bright, cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not 
more than two per centum of wheat of other classes, which 
may include not more than one per centum of Common and 
Red Durum wheat: (<?) shall contain not more than thir- 
teen per centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test weight 



Markets 22.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

per bushel of at least sixty-one pounds; (e) shall contain 
not more than one per centum of damaged kernels and no 
heat damaged kernels ; and (/) -shall contain not more than 
five-tenths of one per centum of inseparable foreign mate- 
rial, which may include not more than one-fourth of one 
per centum of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or 
wild rose, either singly or in any combination. 

No. 2 Red Winter 
(a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more than 
four per centum of wheat of other classes, which may in- 
clude not more than one per centum of Common and Red 
Durum wheat; (c) shall contain not more than thirteen per 
centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test weight per bushel 
of at least fifty-nine pounds * (e) shall contain not more than 
four per centum of damaged kernels, which may include not 
more than one-tenth of one per centum of heat damaged 
kernels; and (/) shall contain not more than one per centum 
of inseparable foreign material, which may include not more 
than five-tenths of one per centum of kinghead, corn cockle, 
vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either singly or in any combina- 
tion. 

No. 3 Red Winter 
(a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more than 
six per centum of wheat of other classes, which may include 
not more than one per centum of Common and Red Durum 
wheat ; (c) shall contain not more than fourteen per centum 
of moisture; (d) shall have a test weight per bushel of at 
least fifty-seven pounds; (e) shall contain not more than 
seven per centum of damaged kernels, which may include not 
more than five-tenths of one per centum of heat damaged 
kernels; and (/) shall contain not more than two per centum 
of inseparable foreign material, which may include not more 
than one per centum of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, 
or wild rose, either singly or in any combination. 

No. 4 Red Winter 
(a) shall be cool and^weet; (b) shall contain not more than 
ten per centum of wheat of other classes, which may include 
not more than one per centum of Common and Red Durum 
wheat; (c) shall contain not more than fourteen per centum 
of moisture; (d) shall have a test weight per bushel of at 
least fifty-five pounds; (e) shall contain not more than ten 
per centum of damaged kernels, which may include not more 
than one per centum of heat damaged kernels; and (/) shall 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. [S. R. A., 



contain not more than four per centum of inseparable for- 
eign material, which may include not more than two per 
centum of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, 
either singly or in any combination. 

No. 5 Bed Winter 

(a) shall be cool, but may be slightly musty or slightly sour; 

(b) shall contain not more than ten per centum of wheat of 
other classes, which may include not more than one per 
centum of Common and Red Durum wheat; (c) shall con- 
tain not more than fifteen per centum of moisture; (d) shall 
have a test weight per bushel of at least fifty-three pounds ; 
(e) shall contain not more than fifteen per centum of dam- 
aged kernels, which may include not more than three per 
centum of heat damaged kernels; and (/) shall contain not 
more than six per centum of inseparable foreign material, 
which may include not more than three per centum of king- 
head, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either singly 
or in any combination. 

Sample Grade Red Winter 
shall be wheat of the subclass Red Winter which does not 
come within the requirements of any of the grades from Xo. 
1 to Xo. 5, inclusive, or has any commercially objectionable 
foreign odor, except smutty wheat, or is distinctly musty or 
very sour, or is hot, heating, fire-burned, infested with live 
weevil, or otherwise of distinctly low quality, or contains 
small, inseparable stones or cinders. 

No. 1 Red Walla 
(a) shall be bright, cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not 
more than two per centum of wheat of other classes, which 
may include not more than one per centum of Common and 
Red Durum wheat; (<?) shall contain not more than thirteen 
per centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test weight per 
bushel of at least sixty pounds; (e) shall contain not more 
than one per centum of damaged kernels and no heat dam- 
aged kernels; and (/) shall contain not more than five-tenths 
of one per centum of inseparable foreign material, which 
may include not more than one-fourth of one per centum of 
kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either 
singly or in any combination. 

No. 2 Red Walla 
(a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more than 
four per centum of wheat of other classes, which may in- 
clude not more than one per centum of Common and Red 



Markets 22.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

Durum wheat; (c) shall contain not more than thirteen per 
centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test weight per bushel 
of at least fifty-eight pounds: (e) shall contain not more 
than four per centum of damaged kernels, which may in- 
clude not more than one-tenth of one per centum of heat 
damaged kernels; and (/) shall contain not more than one 
per centum of inseparable foreign material, which may in- 
clude not more than five-tenths of one per centum of king- 
head, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either singly or 
in any combination. 

No. 3 Red Walla 
(a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more than 
six per centum of wheat of other classes, which may include 
not more than one per centum of Common and Red Durum 
wheat; (c) shall contain not more than fourteen per centum 
of moisture; (d) shall have a test weight per bushel of at 
least fifty-six pounds; (e) shall contain not more than seven 
per centum of damaged kernels, which may include not more 
than five-tenths of one per centum of heat damaged kernels; 
and (/) shall contain not more than two per centum of in- 
separable foreign material, which may include not more 
than one per centum of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, 
or wild rose, either singly or in any combination. 

No. 4 Red Walla 
(a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more than 
ten per centum of wheat of other classes, which may include 
not more than one per centum of Common and Red Durum 
wheat; (c) shall contain not more than fourteen per centum 
of moisture; (d) shall have a test w T eight per bushel of at 
least fifty-four pounds; (e) shall contain not more than ten 
per centum of damaged kernels, which may include not more 
than one per centum of heat damaged kernels; and (/) shall 
contain not more than four per centum of inseparable foreign 
material, which may include not more than two per centum 
of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either 
singly or in any combination. 

No. 5 Red Walla 

(a) shall be cool, but may be slightly musty or slightly sour ; 

(b) shall contain not more than ten per centum of wheat of 
other classes, which may include not more than one per 
centum of Common and Red Durum wheat; (c) shall contain 
not more than fifteen per centum of moisture; (d) shall 
have a test weight per bushel of at least fifty -two pounds; 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION". [S. R. A, 

(e) shall contain not more than fifteen per centum of dam- 
aged kernels, which may include not more than three per 
centum of heat damaged kernels; and (/) shall contain not 
more than six per centum of inseparable foreign material, 
which may include not more than three per centum of king- 
head, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either singly or 
in any combination. 

Sample Grade Red Walla 
shall be wheat of the subclass Red Walla which does not 
come within the requirements of any of the grades from 
No. 1 to No. 5, inclusive, or has any commercially objection- 
able foreign odor, except smutty wheat, or is distinctly 
musty or very sour, or is hot, heating, fire-burned, infested 
with live weevil, or otherwise of distinctly low quality, or 
contains small, inseparable stones or cinders. 

No. 1 Soft Red • 
(a) shall be bright, cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not 
more than two per centum of wheat of other classes, which 
may include not more than one per centum of Common and 
Red Durum wheat; (c) shall contain not more than thirteen 
per centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test weight per 
bushel of at least sixty-one pounds; (e) shall contain not 
more than one per centum of damaged kernels and no heat 
damaged kernels; (/) shall contain not more than one-half 
of one per centum of inseparable foreign material, which 
may include not more than one-fourth of one per centum 
of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either 
singly or in any combination; and (g) shall contain garlic 
or wild onion bulblets, or have an unmistakable odor of 
garlic or wild onions. 

No. 2. Soft Red 
(a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more than 
four per centum of wheat of other classes, which may in- 
clude not more than one per centum of Common and Red 
Durum wheat ; (c) shall contain not more than thirteen per 
centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test weight per bushel 
of at least fifty-nine pounds; (e) shall contain not more 
than four per centum of damaged kernels, which may 
include not more than one-tenth of one per centum of heat 
damaged kernels; (/) shall contain not more than one per 
centum of inseparable foreign material, which may include 
not more than five-tenths of one per centum of kinghead, 
corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either singly or in 



Markets 22.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

any combination; and (g) shall contain garlic or wild onion 
bulblets, or have an unmistakable odor of garlic or wild 
onions. 

No. 3 Soft Red 
(a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more 
than six per centum of wheat of other classes, which may 
include not more than one per centum of Common and Red 
Durum wheat; (c) shall contain not more than fourteen per 
centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test weight per bushel 
of at least fifty-seven pounds; (e) shall contain not more 
than seven per centum of damaged kernels, which may in- 
clude not more than five-tenths of one per centum of heat 
damaged kernels; (/) shall contain not more than two per 
centum of inseparable foreign material, which may include 
not more than one per centum of kinghead, corn cockle, 
vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either singly or in any combina- 
tion; and (g) shall contain garlic or wild onion bulblets, 
or have an unmistakable odor of garlic or wild onions. 

No. 4 Soft Red 
(a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more than 
ten per centum of wheat of other classes, which may include 
not more than one per centum of Common and Red Durum 
wheat; (c) shall contain not more than fourteen per centum 
of moisture; (d) shall have a test weight per bushel of at 
least fifty-five pounds; (e) shall contain not more than ten 
per centum of damaged kernels, which may include not more 
than one per centum of heat damaged kernels; (/) shall 
contain not more than four per centum of inseparable for- 
eign material, which may include not more than two per 
centum of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, 
either singly or in any combination; and (g) shall contain 
garlic or wild onion bulblets, or have an unmistakable odor 
of garlic or wild onions. 

No. 5 Soft Red 
(a) shall be cool, but may be slightly musty or slightly 
sour; (b) shall contain not more than ten per centum of 
wheat of other classes, which may include not more than one 
per centum of Common and Red Durum wheat; (c) shall 
contain not more than fifteen per centum of moisture; (d) 
shall have a test weight per bushel of at least fifty-three 
pounds; (e) shall contain not more than fifteen per centum 
of damaged kernels, which may include not more than 
three per centum of heat damaged kernels; (/) shall con- 



24 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AND RURAL ORGANIZATION. [S. R. A,, 



tain not more than six per centum of inseparable foreign 
material, which may include not more than three per centum 
of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either 
singly or in any combination; and (g) shall contain garlic 
or wild onion bulblets, or have an unmistakable odor of 
garlic or wild onions. 

Sample Grade Soft Red 
shall be wheat of the subclass Soft Red which does not come 
within the requirements of any of the grades from No. 1 
to No. 5, inclusive, or has any commercially objectionable 
foreign odor, except smutty wheat, or is distinctly musty 
or very sour, or is hot, heating, fire-burned, infested with 
live weevil, or otherwise of distinctly low quality, or con- 
tains small, inseparable stones or cinders; and shall contain 
* garlic or wild onion bulblets, or have an unmistakable odor 
of garlic or wild onions. 

GRADES FOR COMMON WHITE WHEAT. 

Sec. 17. Grades for Common White wheat. — The subclasses Hard 
White and Soft White wheat shall be divided into six grades for each 
subclass, the designations and requirements of which, respectively, 
shall be as specified in this section. 

No. 1 Hard White and 

No. 1 Soft White 
each (a) shall be bright, cool and sweet; (b) shall contain 
not more than two per centum of wheat of other classes, 
which may include not more than one per centum of Com- 
mon and Red Durum wheat ; (c) shall contain not more than 
thirteen per centum of moisture ; (d) shall have a test weight 
per bushel of at least sixty pounds; (e) shall contain not 
more than one per centum of damaged kernels and no heat 
damaged kernels; and (/) shall contain not more than five- 
tenths of one per centum of inseparable foreign material, 
which may include not more than one-fourth of one per 
centum of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, 
either singly or in any combination. 

No. 2 Hard White and 

No. 2 Soft White 
each (a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more 
than four per centum of wheat of other classes, which may 
include not more than one per centum of Common and Red 
Durum wheat: (c) shall contain not more than thirteen 
per centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test weight per 



Markets 22.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

bushel of at least fifty-eight pounds; (e) shall contain not 
more than four per centum of damaged kernels, which may 
include not more than one-tenth of one per centum of heat 
damaged kernels; and (/) shall contain not more than one 
per centum of inseparable foreign material, which may in- 
clude not more than five-tenths of one per centum of king- 
head, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either singly 
or in any combination. 

Xo. 3 Hard White and 

No. 3 Soft White 
each (a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more 
than six per centum of wheat of other classes, which may 
include not more than one per centum of Common and Red 
Durum wheat; (c) shall contain not more than fourteen 
per centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test weight per 
bushel of at least fifty-six pounds; (e) shall contain not 
more than seven per centum of damaged kernels, which may 
include not more than five-tenths of one per centum of 
heat damaged kernels; and (/) shall contain not more than 
two per centum of inseparable foreign material, which may 
include not more than one per centum of kinghead, corn 
cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either singly or in any 
combination. 

Xo. 4 Hard White and 

No. 4 Soft White 
each (a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more 
than ten per centum of wheat of other classes, which may 
include not more than one per centum of Common and Red 
Durum wheat; (c) shall contain not more than fourteen per 
centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test weight per bushel 
of at least fifty-four pounds; (e) shall contain not more than 
ten per centum of damaged kernels, which may include not 
more than one per centum of heat damaged kernels; and (/) 
shall contain not more than four per centum of inseparable 
foreign material, which may include not more than two 
per centum of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild 
rose, either singly or in any combination. 

No. 5 Hard White and 

No. 5 Soft White 
each (a) shall be cool, but may be slightly musty or slightly 
sour; (b) shall contain not more than ten per centum of 
wheat of other classes, which may include not more than 
one per centum of Common and Red Durum wheat; (c) shall 



26 OFFICE OF MARKETS AND EUEAL ORGANIZATION. [S.R.A„ 

contain not more than fifteen per centum of moisture; (d) 
shall have a test weight per bushel "of at least fifty-two 
pounds; (e) shall contain not more than fifteen per centum 
of damaged kernels, which may include not more than three 
per centum of heat damaged kernels; and (/) shall contain 
not more than six per centum of inseparable foreign mate- 
rial, which may include not more than three per centum 
of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either 
singly or in any combination. 

Sample Grade Hard White and 

Sample Grade Soft "White 
each (a) shall be wheat of the subclass Hard White or Soft 
White, respectively, which does not come within the require- 
ments of any of the grades from No. 1 to No. 5, inclusive, 
or has any commercially objectional foreign odor, except 
smutty wheat, or is distinctly musty or very sour, or is hot, 
heating, fire-burned, infested with live weevil, or otherwise 
of distinctly low quality, or contains garlic or wild onion 
bulblets, or has an unmistakable odor of garlic or wild 
onions, or contains small, inseparable stones or cinders. 

GRADES FOR WHITE CLUB WHEAT. 

Sec. 18. Grades for White Club wheat. — The class White Club 
wheat shall be divided into six grades, the designations and re- 
quirements of which, respectively, shall be as specified in this 
section. 

No. 1 White Club 
(a) shall be bright, cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not 
more than two per centum of wheat of other classes, which 
may include not more than one per centum of Common and 
Red Durum wheat; (c) shall contain not more than thir- 
teen per centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test weight 
per bushel of at least sixty pounds; (e) shall contain not 
more than one per centum of damaged kernels and no heat 
damaged kernels; and (/) shall contain not more than five- 
tenths of one per centum of inseparable foreign material, 
which may include not more than one-fourth of one per 
centum of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, 
either singly or in any combination. 

No. 2 White Club 
(a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more than 
four per centum of wheat of other classes, which may in- 
clude not more than one per centum of Common and Red 



Markets 22.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

Durum wheat; (c) shall contain not more than thirteen 
per centum of moisture; ( d) shall have a test weight per 
bushel of at least fifty-eight pounds; (e) shall contain not 
more than four per centum of damaged kernels, which may 
include not more than one-tenth of one per centum of heat 
damaged kernels; and (/) shall contain not more than one 
per centum of inseparable foreign material, which may in- 
clude not more than five-tenths of one per centum of king- 
head, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either singly 
or in any combination. 

No. 3 White Club 
(a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more than 
six per centum of wheat of other classes, which may in- 
clude not more than one per centum of Common and Red 
Durum wheat; (c) shall contain not more than fourteen 
per centum of moisture; ( d) shall have a test weight per 
bushel of at least fifty-six pounds; (e) shall contan not 
more than seven per centum of damaged kernels, which may 
include not more than five-tenths of one per centum of heat 
damaged kernels; and (/) shall contain not more than two 
per centum of inseparable foreign material, which may in- 
clude not more than one per centum of kinghead, corn 
cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either singly or in any 
combination. 

No. 4 White Club 
(a) shall be cool and sweet; (b) shall contain not more 
than ten per centum of wheat of other classes, which may 
include not more than one per centum of Common and Red 
Durum wheat; (c) shall contain not more than fourteen per 
centum of moisture; (d) shall have a test weight per bushel 
of at least fifty-four pounds; (e) shall contain not more 
than ten per centum of damaged kernels, which may in- 
clude not more than one per centum of heat damaged ker- 
nels; and (/) shall contain not more than four per centum 
of inseparable foreign material, which may include not more 
than two per centum of kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, 
or wild rose, either singly or in any combination. 

No. 5 White Club 

(a) shall be cool, but may be slightly musty or slightly 
sour; (b) shall contain not more than ten per centum of 
wheat of other classes, which may include not more than 
one per centum of Common and Red Durum wheat; (c) 
shall contain not more than fifteen per centum of moisture; 



28 



OFFICE OF MARKETS AND BUBAL ORGANIZATION. [S. R. A., 



(d) shall have a test weight per bushel of at least fifty-two 
pounds; (e) shall contain not more than fifteen per centum 
of damaged kernels, which may include not more than three 
per centum of heat damaged kernels; and (/) shall contain 
not more .than six per centum of inseparable foreign mate- 
rial, which may include not more than three per centum of 
kinghead, corn cockle, vetch, darnel, or wild rose, either 
singly or in any combination. 

Sample Grade White Club 
(a) shall be wheat of the class White Club which does not 
come within the requirements of any of the grades from No. 
1 to No. 5, inclusive, or has any commercially objectionable 
foreign odor, except smutty wheat, or is distinctly musty or 
very sour, or is hot, heating, fire-burned, infested with live 
weevil, or otherwise of distinctly low quality, or contains 
garlic or wild onion bulblets, or has an unmistakable odor of 
garlic or wild onions, or contains small, inseparable stones 
or cinders. 

GRADES FOR MIXED WHEAT. 

Sec. 21. Grades for Mixed wheat. — Mixed wheat shall be graded 
and designated according to the grade requirements of the class of 
wheat which predominates over each other class in the mixture. 
There shall be added to, and made a part of, its grade designation 
the word " Mixed " and the names of the classes which compose 
the mixture, in the order of their predominance, together with the 
approximate percentage of each class, except that, if the wheat of 
any class amounts to less than ten per centum of the whole mixture, 
its name and percentage need not be stated. 

GRADES FOR SMUTTY WHEAT. 

Sec. 22. Grades for Smutty wheat. — Smutty wheat shall be graded 
and designated according to the method described either in para- 
graph (a) or paragraph (b) of this section. 

(a) The loss in weight caused by the removal of smut from the 
wheat, when free from dockage, shall be ascertained by scouring, 
washing, or otherwise, and shall be calculated in terms of percentage 
based on the total weight of the grain free from dockage. The per- 
centage so calculated shall be stated in terms of whole per centum 
and half per centum. A fraction of a per centum when equal to, or 
greater than, a half shall be treated as a half, and when less than a 
half shall be disregarded. After the loss in weight caused by the 
removal of the smut has been ascertained, the wheat shall be graded 



Markets 22.] SERVICE AND- REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



29 



and designated according to the grade requirements of the standard 
applicable to such wheat if it were not smutty, and there shall be 
added to, and made a part of, the grade designation the percentage 
so determined and stated together with the words " smut dockage." 

(b) Smutty wheat shall be graded and designated according to the 
grade requirements of the standard applicable to such wheat if it were 
not smutty, except that when the amount of smut present is so great 
that any one or more of the grade requirements of the grades from 
No. 1 to No. 5, inclusive, cannot accurately be applied, the wheat shall 
be classified as sample grade. For all grades there shall be added to 
and made a part of the grade designation the word " Smutty." 



Sec. 23. Grades for Treated Wheat. — Treated wheat shall be graded 
and designated according to the grade requirements of the standard 
applicable to such wheat if it were not treated, and there shall be 
added to, and made a part of, its grade designation a statement indi- 
cating the kind of treatment. 



GRADES FOR TREATED WHEAT. 




Witness my hand and the official seal of the 
Department of Agriculture this thirty-first day 
of March, nineteen hundred and seventeen. 




Secretary of Agriculture. 



WASHINGTON : GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1917 



1 



S. R. A.— Markets 23. 

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRI 1 



BUREAU OF MARKETS, 

CHARLES J. BRAND, Chief. 



SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMEN' 

No. 23. 1 



A SUMMARY OF FACTS ASCERTAINED FROM REPORTS MADE 
TO THE SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE BY INSPECTORS 
LICENSED TO INSPECT AND GRADE SHELLED CORN 
UNDER THE UNITED STATES GRAIN STANDARDS ACT 
AND FROM VOLUNTARY REPORTS OF ELEVATORS OR 
WAREHOUSES IN GRAIN MARKETS OF THE UNITED 
STATES. 



INDEX TO 





Pa 
Part I. 


ge. 

Part II. 


Atchison, Kans 


12 


36 


Baltimore, Md 


4 


36 


Boston, Mass 


17 


36 


Buffalo, N. Y 


6 


36 


Burlington, Iowa 


33 


36 


Cairo, 111 


20 


36 


Champaign, HI 


21 


36 


Chicago, 111 


3 


36 




10 


37 


Cleveland, Ohio 


18 


37 


Coffevville, Kans 


30 


37 


Columbus, Ohio 


26 


37 


Davenport, Iowa 


27 


37 




13 


37 


Detroit, Mich 


14 


38 


Duluth, Minn 


31 


39 


East St. Louis, HI 


10 


39 


Evansvillc, Ind 


31 


39 


Everett, Wash 


34 


39 


Fort Worth, Tex 


25 


39 


Fostoria, Ohio 


19 


39 


Galveston, Tex 


25 


39 


Hammond, Ind 


30 


39 


Henderson, Kv 


17 


39 


Hutchinson, Kans 


27 


39 


Indianapolis, Ind 


5 


39 


Jackson ville, Fla 


26 


40 


Kankakee, 111 


28 


40 


Kansas City, Kans 


13 


40 


Kansas City, Mo 


8 


40 


Leavenworth, Kans 


19 


41 


Little Rock, Ark 


28 


41 


Louisville, Kv 


11 


41 


Memphis, Term 


16 


41 


Milwaukee, Wis 


7 


41 



MARKETS. 

Page. 
Part I. Part II. 



Minneapolis, Minn 7 42 

Missouri Valley, Iowa 16 42 

Mobile, Ala 32 42 

Nashville, Tenn 15 43 

New Albany, Ind 29 43 

New Orleans, La 9 43 

Newport News, Va 22 43 

New Ulm, Minn 32 43 

New York, Greater 6 43 

Norfolk, Va 29 43 

Oklahoma City, Okla 33 43 

Omaha, Neb 4 43 

Pekin, HI 24 44 

Peoria, HI 12 44 

Philadelphia, Pa 14 44 

Pittsburgh, Pa 18 44 

Portland, Me 32 44 

Richmond, Va 34 44 

St. Cloud, Minn 34 44 

St. Joseph, Mo 9 44 

St. Louis, Mo 8 45 

Salina, Kans 24 45 

Seattle, Wash 25 45 

Sheldon, 111 21 45 

Sioux City, Iowa 23 45 

Superior, Neb 20 45 

Superior, Wis 34 45 

Tacoma, Wash 30 45 

Terre Haute, Ind 11 46 

Toledo, Ohio 15 46 

Topeka, Kans 23 46 

Wellington, Kans 33 46 

Wichita, Kans 22 46 

Winchester, Ind 31 46 



1 Previous numbers in this serieswhich relate to the United States Grain Standards Act are Nos. 11 to 15 
17 to 19, and 22. 

5756°— 17 1 



2 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



INTRODUCTION. 

Pursuant to section 7 of the United States Grain Standards Act, 
approved August 11, 1916 (39 Stat. L., p. 482), publication is made 
herewith of a summary of facts ascertained from reports made to 
the Secretary of Agriculture by inspectors licensed to hispect and 
grade shelled corn, under the Act, and from reports of elevators or 
warehouses in grain markets of the United States. 

Section 7 of the Act provides, in part, as follows : 

The Secretary of Agriculture shall require every inspector licensed under this Act 
to keep complete and correct records of all grain graded and inspected by him, and to 
make reports to the Secretary of Agriculture, in such forms and at such times as he 
may require, showing the place of inspection, the date of inspection, the name of the 
elevator or warehouse, if any, to which the grain was delivered or from which it was 
shipped, the kind of grain, the quantity of each kind, the grade thereof, and such 
other information as the Secretary of Agriculture may deem necessary. The Secretary 
of Agriculture, on each first Tuesday in January and each first Tuesday in July of 
each year shall make publication of a summary of such facts as are ascertained , showing 
in as great detail as possible all the facts, including a summary as to the amount and 
grade of grain delivered to the elevator or warehouse and the amount and grade of 
grain delivered from such elevator or warehouse, and the estimated amount received 
on sample or type by such elevator or warenouse, and the estimated amount delivered 
therefrom on sample or type. 

It appears that, by the provisions of section 7 of the Act as quoted 
above, Congress contemplated that, through reports made by licensed 
inspectors to the Secretary of Agriculture pursuant to these provisions, 
there would be made public, semiannually, a true and correct record 
of the amount and grade of gram for which standards have been 
fixed and established under the Act, delivered to and shipped from 
elevators and warehouses in grain markets, of the United States. 
However, it has been found that practical conditions which are met 
in the inspection of grain prevent full compliance with the provisions 
of that part of section 7 which requires licensed inspectors to report 
the name of the elevator or warehouse to which the grain inspected 
and graded by them is delivered. 

A licensed inspector, acting only as such, can not always comply 
with this particular requirement of the Act for the reason that cus- 
tomarily, as explained in greater detail in the text immediately 
preceding the tables in Part II, he inspects and grades grain immedi- 
ately upon its arrival at a market, or as soon thereafter as possible. 
In consequence of this practice the licensed inspector ordinarily has 
no knowledge of the disposition made of the grain which he inspects. 

It appears, therefore, that any summary of facts ascertained by the 
Secretary of Agriculture through such reports as are made to him 
by licensed inspectors, in accordance with the present requirements 
of the Act, and published on each first Tuesday in January and each 
first Tuesday in July of each year, in so far as the amount of grain 




Markets 23.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



3 



reported as having been delivered to elevators or warehouses is 
concerned, will necessarily be incomplete and inaccurate and may 
be misleading. There is no power contained in the Act to require 
the elevators and warehouses themselves to submit any report. 

Reports required to be made by licensed inspectors, pursuant to 
the provisions of section 7 quoted above, have been received by the 
Secretary of Agriculture covering December, 1916, and January, 
February, March, and April, 1917. 

For the purpose of the first semiannual publication by the Secretary 
of Agriculture a summary of facts ascertained from these reports 
is set forth in two parts, as follows : 

Part I, a series of tables compiled from reports of licensed inspec- 
tors showing the number of cars of shelled corn, and the grade thereof, 
inspected and graded by such licensed inspectors at grain markets 
of the United States where they were located, from December 1, 1916, 
to April 30, 1917, inclusive. 

Part II, a series of tables compiled from reports of licensed in- 
spectors showing the number of cars of shelled corn and the grade 
thereof inspected and graded by them and delivered to and from 
elevators or warehouses in grain markets of the United States where 
such licensed inspectors were located, from December 1, 1916, to 
April 30, 1917, inclusive, and showing, also, as ascertained from 
voluntary reports of elevators or warehouses, the estimated amount 
of shelled corn received on sample or type by each such elevator or 
warehouse and the estimated amount delivered therefrom on sample 
or type from December 1, 1916, to April 30, 1917, inclusive. 

PART I. 

Each table in Part I represents a single market. The markets 
are arranged in the tables according to the number of cars of shelled 
com reported as having been inspected and graded therein. 



CHICAGO, ILL. 



Year and month. 


Receipts. 


Shipments. 


Grade of corn. 


Grade of corn. 


Color. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 

6. ' 


Sam- 
ple. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. No. 
5. 6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


1916, December 


fWhitp 




81 

355 
99 


515 
2, 195 
923 


256 
1,177 
650 


48 
177 
112 


6 
23 
23 




26 
169 
94 


114 
1,066 
.1,034 


12 
27 

53 


1 
1 




J Yellow. J 






1 




Total 

1917, January 


(White 




63 




5|. ... 


2 
2 




535 


3, 633 


2,083 


337 


52 


63 




289 2,213 


92 


7 


1 




67 
238 
96 


733 
2, 241 
1,030 


443 
1,201 
769 


68 
179 
170 


12 

38 
33 






5 
95 
16 


138 
972 
895 


15 
117 
38 


1 
1 


{Yellow 








1 




Total 


| Mixed 




52 




















401 


4,004 


2,413 


417 


83 


52 






?. m.=i 


170 


2 


1 















4 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



CHICAGO, ILL. — Continued. 



\ ear and. month. 


Receipts. 


Shipments. 


Grade of corn. 


Grade of corn. 


Color. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


barn- 
pie. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
pie. 


1917, February 


[White 




44 
112 
48 


514 
1,523 
724 


218 
756 
466 


26 
102 
118 


6 
22 
18 







1 
33 
10 


178 
422 
508 


93 








j Yellow 














Total 


[Mixed. . 




28 




15 


1 

















204 


2.761 


1.440 


246 


46 


28 




44 


1, 108 


115 


1 






1917, March 


[White... 
\ Yellow.. 
[Mixed 




* 








4 
1 


76 
150 
115 


624 
1,426 
830 


125 
549 
433 


10 

50 

53 


2 
15 
15 






61 
75 
53 


309 
848 
839 


12 
43 
35 






17 


1 




TotalW 


26 
















5 


341 


2,880 


1, 107 


113 


32 


26 




1891,996 


90 


17 


1 




1917, April 


(White 






220 
446 
148 


350 
838 
461 


28 
133 
114 


3 
18 
21 


1 
14 
12 






187 
118 
169 


362 
912 
650 


1 
20 
69 


1 

2 


2 




\ Yellow 










Total 

Total cars, each 
grade, Bee. 1 
to Apr. 30, 
inclusive. 


[Mixed 




36 




1 


1 




814 


1,649 


275 


42 


27 


36 




474 


1, 924 


90 


3 


3 


1 

3 




2, 295 


14, 927 




7,318 


1, 155 


240 


205 


... 


1,112 


9, 246 


557 


30 


6 


BALTIMORE, MD. 


1916, December 


[ White... 2 
^ Yellow.. .... 


3 
14 


94 
180 
310 


47 
64 
114 


14 
29 
11 


4 
19 
7 










1 
1 






















Total 


Mixed... 1 


22 






276 
























-3 24 584 


225 


54 


30 


22 






276 


2 








1917, January 


[White 












1 305 
6 716 
4 1,144 


124 
169 
167 


8 
12 
12 


1 

7 
8 















{Yellow 










22 
2, 406 










Total 


[Mixed. . . 




27 













2 


















11 2,165 


460 


32 


16 


27 






2, 428 








2 


1917, February 


[White 
















1 206 
1 1 729 


65 
199 
215 


2 
15 
24 








2 
1 


128 
55 


18 
15 
3 








^ Yellow 




6 






2 
3 


1 




Total 

1917, March 


[Mixed 




6 


824 


8 






1,956 


2 


[White 








.... 18 


1, 759 




41 


11 






3 


2, 139 


36 




1 


2 




5 
8 


301 
738 
875 


41 
149 
182 


4 
16 
19 








2 
28 












{Yellow 




2 
6 






2 

2, 543 










Total 


[Mixed, . 





10 


12 






1 


1| 19 














23 


1,914 


372 


39 


8 


12 


.... 302,545 




1 


1 19 


1917, April 


[White 




45 
27 
21 


83 
228 
382 


10 
28 
56 




1 
7 







1 


22 
5 

825 










< Yellow 


















Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, 
inclusive. 


(Mixed 




1 


15 




137 


1 


2 




4 




93 


693 


94 


1 


15 






138 


852 


1 


2 




4 
27 


3 


169 


7,115 


1,630 


167 


80 


84 




171 


8,240 


39 


8 


2 



OMAHA, NEBR. 



1916, December 


[White... 
^Yellow.. 
[Mixed... 


2 
2 
1 


70 
122 
105 


160 26 
553 i 76 
455 65 


8 
25 
29 


1 

12 
16 






24 
54 
60 


76 5 
322 9 
497 11 












"i 


2 
2 




Total 


16 






5 


297 


1,168 167 


62 


29! 16 




138 


895| 25 




4| 























Markets 23.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 5 



OMAHA, NEBR.— Continued. 



Year and month. 


Receipts. 


Shipments. 


C.rade of corn. 


Grade of corn. 


Color. 


No. 
i 

l. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 

O. 


No. 

O. 


Sam- 
ple. 


No. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 


No. 

c 

O. 

1 
1 

3 


No. 

0. 


Sam« 
pie. 






(White 




81 
122 
195 


188 
717 
725 


26 
86 
98 


] 

7 
20 






73 
83 
141 


92 
377 
970 


3 
10 
13 




< Yellow. . 
[Mixed... 


2 
1 


8 
18 






J 






14 




3 


Total 1 


3 


398 


1,630 


210 


28 


26 


14 




297 1,439 


26 


~5 


1 


3 




(White 




53 
67 
139 


115 
419 
610 


13 

59 
72 


2 
1 

16 


1 

2 
6 




38 
105 
72 


105 
381 
501 


1 

9 
7 


1 

4 
2 






h'ellow 














I Mixed 




14 
















Total 




259 1.144 


144 


19 


9 


14 


215 987 


17 


7 


(White... 

U117 \f:irph . .1.1 Yellow 










1 


127 
110 
197 


15(1 13 


6 
6 
17 








74 
110 
64 


118 

428 
496 


1 

5 
7 


2 
3 
4 






336 
542 


52 
87 


2 
7 










Total 


[Mixed 




11 




2 










1 

22 
7 
11 


434 


1,034 


152 


29 


9 


11 


1 
1 


248 


1,042 


13 


9 


2 




1917, April 


(White... 
{Yellow.. 
I Mixed... 




198 
207 
278 


133 
329 
432 


14 

50 
60 




1 

3 
8 




193 
101 
162 


149 
287 
640 


1 

3 
5 

9 




4 

10 










Total 

Tot al ears, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, 
inclusive. 


7 


3 


1 
1 


1 
1 

4 


40 
49 


683 
2,071 


894 
5,870 


124 



14 
152 


12 

~85 


7 


.. 2 


456 


1,076 


3 


797 


62 


2 


1,354 


5,439 


90 


27 


8 


INDIANAPOLIS, IND. 




(White 




70 
53 
53 


651 
541 
463 


121 
109 

99 


5 
16 
18 


9 
4 

4 






22 
60 
52 


50 
221 
412 






1 




{Yellow 








5 
9 






Total 


[Mixed 
(White 




42 






3 


11 




176 


1,655 


329 


39 


17 


42 




134 


683 

196 
471 
535 


14 




4 


11 




30 
21 
20 


895 
863 
563 


149 
412 
212 


21 
31 

33 


5 
5 
14 






23 
39 
10 


13 
132 

82 


1 

4 
1 


1 




{Yellow 








Total 

1917, February 


[Mixed 
(White 




26, 




1 


4 




71 


2,321 

522 
413 
248 


773 


88 


24 
7 


26 




72 


1,202 

109 

250 


227 

11 

70 
57 

138 


6 


2 


4 


2 


103 
169 
113 


9 
24 
16 






10 
in 


{ Yellow 








7 

_i 
ii 






Total 

1917, March ! 


[Mixed... 
(White 






3 


8 
8 




2 338 
22] 697 


1 

1 


3 
3 


2 


1,183 


385 


49 


10 




12 

2 

6 


623 
609 
422 


M 
122 


9j 8 
8l 3 

26 11 






15| 99 
4 334 
3 210 

22 643 


13 
41 

52 


2 


1 




Yellow 










Total 


1 Mixed... 
(White 


.... 


12 
12 




2 


1 

2 

i 

^8 
16 


1 
1 




20 


1,654| 281 




106 




211 i 
70 
52 

338 


639 
419 
192 

1 2K0 


74 
48 
_33 

1SS 


6 
6 
4 

16 






47 197 12 
15 276 19 
5 169 32 

67 642 ! 63 


1917, April 


{Yellow 




2 
7 

22 






j 
24 






[Mixed 




11 
11 












Total cars.each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, 
inclusive. 




.... 








607 


8,063 


1,923 


218 


84 


99 




317 


3,867 


548 


19 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 
NEW YORK, GREATER. 



[S. R. A. 



Year and month. 



Receipts. 



Shipments. 



Grade of corn. 



Color. 



1916, 



1917 



191' 



1917, 



[White .. 

December {Yellow. 

Mixed.. 



Total.... 
January . . 

Total .... 
February 

Total 
March 

Total 



1917, April, 



Total 



Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 



[White. . 
{ Yellow, 
(Mixed., 



[White. 
^ Yellow, 
[Mixed, 



[White,, 
< Yellow. 
Mixed.. 



[White,, 
^Yellow, 
[Mixed.. 



No. Xo. Xo. 
3. 4. 5. 



47 

492 



No. Sam- 
6. , pie. 



112 



461 



106 



55 6 
400 16; 
1.051 193 



1,506| 215j 



512 



358, 302 
428 34; 
1,437 118 



2 .... 
1 2 
16l 4 



Grade of corn. 



2,223 454 19| 



734 



1 844 



5,519 



14 29 



19 



No. 1 No. No. No. 
2. 3. 4. 5. 



Xo. Sam- 
ple. 



95 
72 
129 



201,084 



1101,084 



959 
959 



... 229 
2 1 
1711,172 



19 1, 402 



1451 235 

5! I 

....1,319 



940 



47 41 



1501,554 
575 4, 999' 



BUFFALO, X. Y. 



1916, December 


[White 




1 

134 

3 


40 10 


















I 




^ Yellow 




27 


30 
4 


















Total 


[Mixed 




153 42 8 


22 


































138 


1 OnSi 41 n 35 


34 


22 
















1917, January 


[ White... 

^Yellow 






















•t - - 


4 
82 


39 
1 248 


18 






















420 


51 

5 


13 
9 


















Total 


(Mixed 




102) 70 


16 




































93 


1,389 508 


56 


22 16 
















1917, February 


(White 




3 

22 


53 9 
721 149 
65 44 








3 
32 
1 


2 

555 

53 










^Yellow 




10 

4 


6 
4 






83 


3 






Total 


(Mixed 




14 




16 






3 












26 


839 2C2 


14 


10 


14 




36 


610 


99 3 




3 


1917, March 


(White 






15 
41 


139 13 


13 








~i 
1 


23 
648 
90 


2 
91 








4 Yellow.. 
(Mixed... 


1 


8541 202 ! 7 
157| 38! 


14 
13 






1 






Total 


6 




5 1 




8 


1 


63 


1.143 253 20 


27 


61 




33 


761 


98 2 




8 


1917, April 


| White... 

| Yellow. 


2 


21 
79 


73 3 
719| 51 
122 29 




1 

20 
2 






22 
81 
3 


22 
523 
64 


3 
38 








6 




1 


1 


10 
1 




Total 


(Mixed 




10 


2.... 


3 








2 


107 


914 83 6 


23 
116 


10 

1 


1 


106 609 
175! 1,980 


43 1 
240! 6 

1 


11 
11 


3 

14 


Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 




3 


427 


5.343 1.461 131 


1 






1 



Markets 23.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



7 



MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. 



Year and month. 


Receipts. 


Shipments. 


Grade of corn. 


Grade of corn. 


Color. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
G. 


' Sam- 
j Pie. 

■ 


No. 
1. 




No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 




Sam- 
ple. 




[White 


a 


11 


3 

33 
31 


1 . 

5 
I 








2 
24 


11 

478 
220 


4 

7C 
115 


1 

3 







1916, December 


h'ellow.. 
(Mixed 


2 


123 311 
16 115 














14 

1 




8 


] 


7 










144 437 


67 


14 


e 
0 


1 14 




2£ 


lUb 


195 12 




_____ 




I White 


9 
133 

25 


15 
353 
166 


1 

38 
42 










3 
1 

11 


4 

25 
200 


4 


I Yellow 




4 
15 


1 

4 






358 
71 


116 
12 


1 

6 










15 




13 








107 


534 


81 


19 


5 


15 




15 


229 


433 


128 




13 




(White 






5 
48 
9 


16 
252 
91 


3 
31 
46 


1 

2 
4 








4 
36 
1 


16 
414 
310 


5 

67 
78 


3 
1 
9 








h'ellow 




1 












(Mixed... 




4 




1 


4 




62 


359 


80 


7 


1 


4 




41 


740 


150 


13 


1 


4 










2 
59 
19 


45 
549 
255 


14 

228 
216 


1 

16 

36 








1 
9 
1 


5 
487 
485 


6 
141 
184 


2 
9 
20 

31 






\ Yellow 




9 
12 












(Mixed... 


1 


23 




3 


10 
10 


1 


80 


849 


458 


53 


21 


23 


11 


977 


331 


3 




(White 




3 
24 
8 


11 

182 

156 


7 
64 
99 


1 










5 

308 
249 


5 

103 
154 










h'ellow 




8 


3 






4 
2 


9 
17 


5 
6 






Mixed 




13 4 


9 




9 














Tntal 




35 


349 


170 


22 7 


9 


| 6 


502 


262 


26 


11 


9 


Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 






3 


488 


2, 528 


856 


115 


39 


65 




102 


3.217 1.371 


210 


23 


43 








MILWAUKEE, WIS. 


1910, December 


(White... 
^Yellow.. 
(Mixed. . . 


1 

3 


51 
159 
64 


127 
446 
201 


1 ' 1 
43 1 1 






5 
85 
1 










186 14 








309 31 
285 13 


"~2 


1 
1 




Total 


90 18 


5 


7 




2 






4 274 


774 


319 34 


~~ 6 


7 




91 


594 j 44 


2 


2 


2 




(White 




47 
109 

38 

194 


157 
406 
274 


31 
91 

153 


6 
16 
29 






19 
150 










h'ellow.. 
(Mixed 


1 


4 
8 






34 


33 


4 
1 








13 




186 4 








1 










837 


275 


51 


12 


13 




34 


355 


37 


5 








(White 








21 
64 
41 


107 
242 
114 


21 1 


2 

3 




1 

200 


2 
29 








h'ellow 




88 
72 


3 
11 






38 
9 


1 

3 






Total 


I Mixed... 


1 


4 




97 12 




1 


1 


126 


523 


181 


15 


12 


4 




47 


298 


43 


4 




1 


1917, March 


(White 




17 
13 

3 


139 
161 
99 


52 
115 

69 


2 
11 

20 


1 

3 
3 








8 




1 
4 
10 






\ Vellow 








47 
2 


70 
37 






Total 






2 






3 










33 


399 230 


33 7 


2 




49 398 107 15 


3 


1917, April 


(White 










28 
3 

5 1 


120, 12 
136 33 


5 








6 19 
33 234 










h'ellow 




2 






36 


1 

6 






1 

Total 


t Mixed 




75 


37 


5 




2 83 22 


2 


1 








36 


331 


82 


"I 


2 


5 


.... 

1 


41 33fil 58 


7 


2 


1 

7 


Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 1 
to Apr. 30, in- j 
elusive. 










6 


603 


2,864 


1,093 


141 


39 


31 


202 


1,981 


289 


33 4 









8 BUREAU OF MARKETS. [S.R.A. 



ST. LOUIS, MO. 



Ygst siid. montii. 


Receipts. 


Shipments. 


Grade of corn. 


Grade of corn. 


Color. 


No. 
i. 


Xo. 

2-» 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


Xo. 
5. 


Xo. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


Xo. 
4. 


Xo. 
5. 

~~ 


Xo. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


1916, December 


[White... 




40 
44 
27 


76 
184 
267 


12 

63 
72 


1 

7 
4 






1 

67 


9 
32 
164 


^ Yellow.. 
[Mixed . . 


! 


1 

4 












Total 


7 


1 




2 




4 


? 


111 


527 


147 12 


5 


7 


1 


73 


205 2 




4 




[White... 
^ Yellow.. 
(Mixed 


2 
1 


59 
60 
53 


205 33 
397 138 
473 98 


3 

16 

16 


1 
5 
10 






14 
42 

56 


32 
33 
327 


3 
1 














12. 




















3 


172 


1,075 269 35 


16 


12 




IV 


392 5 








1917, February 


[White 




79 
59 

68 


27S 36 4 
2531 88 8 
339| 55 7 


1 
1 

6 






8 
25 
24 


155 










^ Yellow.. 
(Mixed . . 

[White... 
fellow.. 
(Mixed... 


1 

2 






87 




---- 






Total 


5 




180 


i 




2 
2 


1 

1 


3 


206 


870 179 19 


8 


5 


4 


57 


422 


i 


4 
5 


199 
68 
112 


15fi! 6 


1 
2 
5 






45 
21 
32 


90 
72 
174 




180 
183 


13 
28 







1 








Total 




1 








1 


10 


379 


519 


47| 8.... 


1 


4 


98 


336| 1 






1 




[White... 
J Yellow.. 
1 Mixed... 


50 
16 
11 


156 
103 
100 


23 
86 
95 


6 
5 
5 




1 

i 




~ 12 


142 
22 
44 


32 
52 
45 




















Total 


1 


4 


2 


2 






1 

1 




359 


204 


16 


1 


9 


4 


14 


208 


129 


2 






Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 




95 1,227 

- 


3, 195 


658 


75 


38 


29 


19 


5481,484 


13 




2 


7 



KANSAS CITY, MO. 



1916, December. 
Total 

1917, January.. . 
Total 

1917, February. 

Total 

1917, March 

Total 

1917, April 



Total. 



[White. 
^ Yellow 
(Mixed. 



[White.. 
Yellow. 
Mixed.. 



[White.. 
{ Yellow. 
Mixed.. 



[White. 
O'ellow 



12s 
71 

21l! 



(Mixed.-.l 257 



530 



[White I 252 

^ Yellow 116 

. 276 



I Mixed. 



Total cars, each 
grade. Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 



644 



1 2, 405 



133 
117 
317 



567 



394| 386 



52 



53 72 
35 60 
83! 118 



.. 171 250 13 2 



1^ 



34'. 



54 



191 

51 

9 
41 1 



4S 
21 . 
160 

229 



1 101| 127 



137 

36 
127' 

300 



139 18 



370 421 



2,07 



245 42 



23 



214 39 
431 17 
108 ! 107 



365 163 



1 1,128 90S 



Markets 23.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 9 



PORT OF NEW ORLEANS LA. 



Year and month. 


Receipts. 


Shipments. 


Grade of corn. 


Grade of corn. 


Color. 


No 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 

1 


Sam- 
ple. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 


No. 1 
5. 




No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 










3 

63 
14 


29 
253 
89 


9 
62 

9Q 


a 














3 5 

9 11 






1 












1016, December 


(Mixed... 




11 


























1 







80 


371 


100 10 17 


11 


...J 1 






1917, January 

Total 






4 

48 
48 


131 23 
634 108 

9Q1 as 


2 
3 
8 


Q 
O 








15 




= 




===== 




.... 
















[Mixed... 


1 




4 




































1 


100 


1,056 


166 


13 


9 


4 






173 










1917, February 

Total 






1 
21 
23 


63 
393 
258 


36 
13 




















= 


{Yellow 




2 


4 
1 


















[Mixed 




2 






258 


































45 


714 


56 


2 


5 


2 
















1917. March 






















12 

42 
7 


59 
181 
45 


6 
14 
6 












133 
108 
932 










(White 




19 


1 
















Total 


[Mixed, . 




14 




































61 


285 


26 


19 


1 


14 






1,173 






1917, April 






4 
29 
2 


44 

237 
38 














70 
44 










(White 
■{Yellow.. 














21 










Total 


(Mixed 




5 


1 


1 


17 






























35 


319 


5 


1 


1 


17 




21 




125 










Total cars. each 
grade. Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 














1 


321 


2,745 


353 


45 


33 


48 




22 1 . 729 




















ST. JOSEPH, MO. 


1916, December 


(White....... 


158 
54 
77 


185 
122 
152 


8 
9 
7 


! 

2 


| 




28 
21 
9 


24 
16 
27 










{Yellow.. .... 














Total 


Mivofl 


2 4 




1 






1 














289 


459 

121 
116 
136 


24 5 2 4 




58 


67 


1 






1 


1917, January 


(White 




1 










139 
76 
83 


6i 2 








101 

35 
80 


72 
35 
71 










^ Yellow 




4 








2 
4 








Total 


[Mixed 




1 


±1 








2 














298 


373 


17 3 


ll 2 




216 178 


"6 






2 


1917, February 


(White 












~1S2 
73 
140 


59 
64 
107 


2 






119 

32 
54 


28 
25 
122 










^ Yellow 




5 
10 


1 


...J 














1 Mixed 




1 














Total 






















395 


230 


17 


1 


1 






205 


175 












(White 


















133 
71 
145 


27 
28 
86 












156 
73 
118 


11 








1917, March 


J Yellow . 




2 
6 




1 

4 






28 
80 




:::::::: 






I [Mixed 




2 






1 
1 


i 












i 


Total 




349 


141 


8 


2 


5 




347 


119 


If White... 










2 


196 


50 
34 
98 


2 




1 
1 
1 






^89 
57 
252 


18 
17 


= 


1917, April 


{Yellow.. 
Mixed... 


2 70 

3 113 


2 










i 




11 




2 




30 1 




Total 






7 379 


182 


15 




3 


2 




498 


65j 2 




Total cars.each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 










7 1,710 


1, 38.5 


81 11 


12 


8 




1,324 


604 


10 






3 









10 BUREAU OF MARKETS. [S.R.A. 



CINCINNATI, OHIO. 



Gtir snd. montli. 


Receipts. 


Shipments. 


Grade of corn. 


Grade of corn. 


Color. 


No. 

i. 


No. 
2. 


No. 

3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


1 

No. Sam- 
6. pie. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 

1 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple^ 


1916, December 


(White... 
^ Yellow 


i 


3 
6 
3 


19 
44 
67 


24 
25 
69 


1 

3 
3 


1 




3 
4 
1 


5 
28 
94 












Total 


| Mixed 




1 4 




5 






11 




i 


12 


130 


118 


7 


2 4 




8 


127 


6 






11 


1917, January 


(White 












7 
1 
2 


40 
207 

225 


94 
111 
231 


5 
8 








5 
6 


6 
28 
105 


8 
11 

48 








\ Yellow 




2 












Total 


[Mixed 




12 






1 


12 


| White 










10 


472 


436 


20 


2 


12 




11 


139 67 




1 


12 




23 
4 
17 


81 
236 
215 


45 
47 
130 










1 


8 

38 


2 

12 

98 












1 
1 


1 
1 












Total 


1 Mixed 




5 




1 






5 














45 


532 


222 


2 


2 


5 




2 


102 42 




5 


1917, March 


[White 








13 
9 
10 


119 
176 
201 


15 
31 
47 




1 






3 


24 
27 










< Yellow 




4 
1 






1 




1 




Total 


(Mixed 






2 




4 


46 34 














32 


496 


93 




1 






7 


97 35 ... . 1 




1917, April 


(White... 
J Yellow.. 
(Mixed... 


9 
1 
2 

12 


32 
55 
54 

141 


134 

186 

397 


8 
10 
24 

42 




3 
5 


. J 


2 


4 
5 
1 


22 3 
82 2 
56 4 








Total 




2 
2 


2 








8 


10 160 9 






Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 




13 


240 


2, 027 


911 


34 


15 


1 


2 


38 


625 


159 




2 


28 



EAST ST. LOUIS. ILL. 



[White 




9 
9 


58 
218 
168 


19 
100 


1 

3 
3 


4 
4 
3 






5 


16 
31 
19 


1 

3 

10 








1916, December ^Yellow. . 


i 








■ 2 




(Mixed... 

Total ! 

' [White 


5 




4 


1 


25 


444 


191 


- 


11 


5 




9 66 14 




2 






4 
15 
10 


91 
210 

220 


29 
85 
81 


2 
6 
2 






2 


14 

87 










1917, January ^Yellow.. 














i (Mixed... 
Total....-" 




6 4 




3 


4 










29 


521 


195 


10 


6 4 




5 


128 4 








1 [White 












12 
9 
9 


79 
110 
145 


10 
54 
25 


3 






3 
1 
1 


32 1 
59 2 
81 4 






1917, February \ Yellow. . 






1 






(Mixed 




§| 4 









Total 










30 


334 


89 


12 


3 


4 


.... 


5 


172 








[White... 

1917, March J Yellow.. 










1 


23 
39 
27 


130 
250 
155 


10 










11 

IS 

5 


38 1 
15 2 
76 1 


1 






31 
17 




2 
2 






1 




! (Mixed 




2 


1 








Total ' 














1 89 


533 


58 


2 




1 




34 


129 


4 


1 


1 


[White... 

1917, April \ Yellow.. 


8 
4 
3 


110 
138 
67 


100 
171 
71 


6 
13 
11 




2 
1 
3 






25 


47 
23 
65 








2 
2 






8 
7 


1 

8 






(Mixed... 
Total 


2 






15 


315 


342 


30 


4 


6 


2 




40 


135 


9 


1 


2 








17 


488 


2,176 


563 


u 


30 


16 




93 630 


38 


2 


5 




grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 







Markets 23.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



11 



LOUISVILLE. KY. 



Year and month. 



1918, December 

Total-.-. 
1917, January.. . 

Total 

1917, February . 

Total 

1917, March 

Total 

1917, April 



Total 

Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 



Receipts. 



Grade of corn. 



Shipments. 



Grade of corn. 



Color. 



White.. 
Yellow. 
Mixed.. 



"White.. 
Yellow. 
Mixed.. 



White.. 
Yellow. 
Mixed.. 



White.. 
Yellow. 
Mixed.. 



White- 
Yellow. 
Mixed.. 



63 



... 36 
1 34 
1 41 



60 
52 

1 38 



150 



12 152 



No. 
3. 



45 
156 



2S!) 



116 

126 
270 



91 
157 
232 



4 SO 



81 
125 

82 



2SS 



120 



17 561 



1,689 



38 5 
4 1 

85 2 



127 



318 



2 I. 



3 3 
5 3 



Sam- 
ple. 



25 36 



27 



S3 I 140 



60 



90 



, 23 
30 

36 



1 366 



88 
23 
204 



315 



153 



No. 
4. 



25 



89 



167 



TERRE HAUTE, IND. 



1916, December 


(White 




3 


64 
103 
138 


14 
15 
7 


2 
1 








38 
75 
49 












^ Yellow 




2 






7 

78 










Total 


[Mixed 




..... 




























17 


305 


36 


3 


* 


7 




162 


85 










1917, January 


[White 














1 
4 
1 


52 
113 
105 


72 
30 
18 


8 
2 


7 
3 
2 






77 
184 
146 












J Yellow 








5 
67 










Total 


I Mixed 




7 




























6 


270 


120 


10 

9 
3 
3 


12 

T 

2 


7 




407 


72 












[White 












1 


96 
121 
68 


86 
35 
6 








1917, February 


4 Yellow 




















Total 


(Mixed,, 




2 


4 
































3 


285 


127 


15 


15 


4 




■ I 










1917, March 


(White 


















3 
8 
12 


148 
89 
105 


21 

9 

15 










62 1 9. 










{ Yellow 






1 

2 






35 












Total 


1 Mixed 




1 


5 




38 




























23 


342 


45 


1 


3 


5 




97 


40 










1917, April 


(White 







3 


1 






26 
7 
14 


127 

64 
52 


18 

5 
3 


2 








102 
70 
6 


12 


4 


{Yellow 












Total 


| Mixed 




1 


1 


2 




19 




















1 






47 


243 


26 


3 




2 




178 


31 


4 




Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 










96 


1,445 


354 


32 


33 


25 




844 


228 


4 


3 


1 











12 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



PEORIA, ILL. 



Year and month. 


Receipts. 


Shipments. 


Grade of corn. 


Grade of corn. 


Color. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. Sam- 
6. pie. 


1916, December 


[White 






28 
175 
136 


3 
32 













11 
158 
167 










{Yellow 




3 


1 


3 
14 






1 


1 
1 














22 3 


17 




















.... 








11 


339 


57 4 


17 


17 




I 


336 


2 










[White 












1 

2 

■ 


35 
221 
111 


20 6 
92 1 










24 
351 
148 








^Yellow 




5 






2 




16 






1 Mixed 




48 


2 


23 


1 


16 


1 








1 










10 


367 160 


9 




23 


1 


2 


522 

13 
153 
60 


82 


1 


16 





1917, February 












10 
64 

36 


7 
45 
18 










1 

63 
50 




iYellow 






2 
2 


1 

2 








4 












2 


4 
















1 














2 


110 


70 


4 


3 


4 







229 


114 


4 






1917, March 


| White 








... 








11 

52 


3 

22 












8 
89 
61 


1 








^Yellow 






1 


4 








18 
10 









Total 


1 Mixed 




1 


28 8 2 


5 






.... 

























1 


91 


33 


3| 4 


5 






158 


291 








[White 


















2 
3 
1 


2 
21 


5 
6 


1 






1 

6 


22 

fo 


1 

3 
2 








1917, April 


{Yellow 




2 
2 


2 
4 












Total 


(Mixed 




fi 5 


9 






























6 


29 


16 


4 


6 


9 


7777 
1 


7 


=£ 


6 








Totalcars,each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30 in- 
clusive. 






5 


^6 






30 


936 


336 


24 


37 


58 


10 


1,303 


233 








ATCHISON, KAXS. 


1916, December 


[White 




84 82! 9 


3 
1 
4 


2 
1 
1 






22 
8 
16 


33 
10 
93 










<! Yellow. . 




40 25 
40 76 


4 






2 










[Mixed... 
































164 183 


20 


8 


4 






46 


136 


2 




.... 




1917, January 


[White 




87 77 
27 24 
45 48 


3 








60 
29 
62 


59 
22 
91 


2 
1 








\ Yellow 






1 
1 












Total 


[Mixed, , 




5 


1 
































159 149 


8 


1 


2 






15l| 172 


3 






[White 
















96 68 
28 24 
43 38 


5 
2 
8 


1 








111 
30 
44 


8 
8 
53 










\ Yellow 




















| Mixed.. 




















Total 






















.... 


167 130 


15 


1 








185 


69 










1917, March 


[White 




















104] 42 
381 23 
42 34 


2 




2 






110 
30 
61 


8 
48 




.... 






^Yellow 


















Total 


[Mixed... 




2 


2 








::::: 






















1S4 93 


4 


2 4 






201 


63 
22 
22 










1917, April 


[White 


.... 




















136 
33 
31 


34 
26 


3 


2 .... 






77 
40 
77 




{Yellow 












Total 


| Mixed... 







i .... 


2 


























200 


67 


~3 


3.... 


2 




194 


4d 


1 








Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1, 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 












S74 


62s 


50 


15 


10 


2 






489 


6 



















Markets 23.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

DENVER, COLO. 



13 



Year and month. 



Receipts. 



Grade of com. 



Shipments. 



Grade of corn. 





Color. 


No. 


No. 
2. 




No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
(i. 




Sam- 
ple. 


No 
1. 




No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
G. 


Sam- 
ple. 




[White 




6 
117 

93 


16 

122 
128 


1 










1 

26 
32 


1 










1916, December 






2 
3 








22 








Total 


(Mixed... 


1 


7 


1 


3 


HZ 


29 






1 











1 


216 


266 


8 


5 


1 


3 




59 




. | 


1 






(White... 






1 


10 

56 
100 


8 
63 














A 

47 


— I" 






1 \7" 11 

< i eilow. . 
(Mixed 


l 










28 






Total 


155 8 




1 


4 




... . . 












1 


166 


226 9 


2 




1 


4 




85 


67 


1 


| 




(White 








4 
26 
74 


2 
50 














I 






1917, February 


I Yellow 




1 


1 
4 








27 
48 


29 
74 






.... 


Total 


(Mixed.. 




163 


2 


1 


2 






1 


i 















104 


215 


3 


5 


1 


2 




75 


103 




1 


i 




1917, March 


(White 










3 

27 
91 


2 

65 
144 




1 
1 

3 








1 
19 
111 


1 

35 
93 




1 


/Yellow 




o 
5 














Total 


(Mixed... 




1 


1 






















121 


211 




5 


1 


1 




131 


129 




.... 1 


1917, April 


f White 










12 
55 
155 


3 

32 
129 




1 


















J Yellow .... 


1 

8 








11 

54 


13 

54 










Total 


| Mixed 




1 




1 




1 






















222 


164 


9 


2 




1 




65 


67; 1 








Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 












2 


829 


1,082 


36 


19 


4 


11 




415 


418 


1 


1 


2 








KANSAS CITY, KANS. 


1916, December 


(White 




58 
26 
90 


36 
41 
89 












24 
7 
55 


6 
4 
60 








< Yellow 




6 
7 




1 

2 












Total 


(Mixed 




2 


3 




4 
















174 


166 


13 


2 


3 


3 




86 


70 


4 






1917, January 


(White 




l 


1 








44 
15 
89 


27 
20 
51 


2 
2 
14 


1 
1 

3 


2 
1 

3 






301 25 
13 7 
83 37 




1 




^ Yellow 










1 






Total 

1917, February 


(Mixed 

(White... 
•(Yellow 




9 


:::: 


5 


2 


1 




148 


98 


18 


5 


6 


9 


.... 


126 69 

29! 8 
9 5 


5 


1 


2 


1 


2 


68 


24 


4 

2 
8 


1 

3 
7 






3 
1 

7 




25 13 
136 53 


2 
1 




.... 1 
3 2 




Total 


(Mixed 
(White 




1 


.... 


76 


55 


1 


2 


229 90 


14 


11 


3 


1 


1 


114 


68 11 3 3 1 




92' 26 4 
44 251 3 
172 47 15 


2 
2 
5 








35 
20 
77 


2 






1917, March 


{ Yellow.. 
Mixed... 


2 
2 








7 
17 




l • 1 














1 


Total 















308 98| 22 


9 








132 


26 






1 















1917, April 


(White 




90 15 
43 23 
167 81 


2 
3 
10 










56 
8 
92 


8 






J Yellow 




1 

2 








12 
19 






Total., 


(Mixed... 




2 


4 




2 


.... .... ..... 




300 119 


15 


3 


2 


4 




156 


39 


2.... 1 


Totalcars.each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 




6 


1,159 


571 


82 


30 


14 


17 


1 


614 


272 


22 


4 


6 


3 



14 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S.R. A. 



DETROIT, MICH. 



Year and month. 



Receipts. 



Grade of corn. 



Shipments. 



Grade of corn. 





Color. 


Xo. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


Xo. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. ; 


Xo. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


Xo. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


1 

No.! 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 




("White 




1 
14 


17 
227 
9 


2 
41 
3 




2 
6 
2 












| 






< Yellow 




4 
2 












Total ' 


(Mixed 




3 


























IS 


253 


46 


6 


10 3 










1917 January 


[White 














1 
15 


51 
520 
29 


6 
31 
3 














Jyellow 




3 
2 


4 












Total 


1 Mixed 




3 




























16 


600 


40 




4: 3 










1917, February 


(White 




12 
21 


28 
293 
19 


4 
33 
1 


1 

3 






1 

2 


16 
100 
4 




{Yellow 










2 




Total 








3l 


























33 


340 


38 


4| 2| 3 




3 


120 


2 
2 








1917, March 


(White 










4 
20 
2 


49 
297 
27 


6 
0 


3 
1 






2 
13 


15 
'9 




4 Yellow 




3 












Total 


(Mixed 




1 






1 










-- 
















26 


373 


26 


5 


3j 3] 




15 


203 


3 








1917, April 


(White 




4 
19 


5 

82 
5 










3 
25 


8 










4 Yellow 




9 


1 2 






122 

3 










Total 


(Mixed 




i 




































23 


92 


9 


1 2 1 


.... 


28 


133 










Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 
















113 


1,658 


159 


21 21 


13 




46 


456 


5 


















PHILADELPHIA, PA. 


1916, December 


(White 






2 
42 


a| J , 

35 9, 2 
22 lL_. 








! 








■Yellow.. 


2 


5 
















Total 


(MLxed 


2 15 


4 






4 






















2 






59 


60 11 3 


4 






4 










1917, January 


















[White 






33 
252 
136 


9 2 
70 16 
20 5 


1 

3 
2 


















■j Yellow.. 


2 


4 


















Total 


4 






















1 
















2 


4 


421 


99 23 6 


4 


■ 

1917, February 


(White 


















1 
3 
1 


13 
125 
123 


1 
27 
12 


1 

7 




















^ Yellow 






















Total 


(MLxed 




4 




13 





































5 


261 


40 


12 


3 


13 














1917, March 


(White 




2 
2 
2 


153 
127 
135 


4 
12 

25 




















^ Yellow.. 
(MLxed 


1 


5 


















Total 


1 


1 













1 




















1 


6 


415 


41 


5 


1 


1 
















1917, April 


(White... 
{ Yellow.. 
1 MLxed... 
















11 

2 


103 
40 
32 

175 


21 
48 
82 

151 






2 
1 
1 

4 






94 
1 
79 

174 


116 
194 










3 
6 
















Total 




3 

~~* 




9 






2 
2 








20 


9 






Totalcars,each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 












25 


197 


1,307 


249 


51 


17 


25 




174 


198 


9 






2 









Markets 23.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



15 



NASHVILLE, TEXX. 



Year and month. 



Receipts. 



Grade of corn. 



Shipments. 



Grade of corn. 





Color. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 

4,. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


1910, December 


(White... 
{Yellow. . 
[Mixed... 


1 
1 
1 


35 
6 

9 


5 

13 


20 




1 






32 
2 
3 


53 


9 




1 












Total 


1 






8 




7 


3 
12 




1 










3 


50 


92 


27 




1 


8 


37 


60 




2 


1917, January 


(White 




= 




53 
21 

5 


79 
40 
27 


40 
6 
9 


11 


1 






13 
2 
1 


74 


8 


2 




■I Yellow 








4 
15 










[Mixed 








1 























93' 13 






.. .. 


Total 




79 


146 


61 




' 


1 




16 


2 












1917, February 


(While 





35 
16 
3 


86 
35 
30 


19 

7 
8 


3 


1 






20 70 4 


2 






{Yellow 










8 2 








(Mixed... 




1 








4 


17 1 


1 


1111 


1 














Total 1 




54 


151 


34 


4 








24 


101 7 

93 4 


3 
















(White 




43 
29 
12 


64 
5 
23 


13 
1 




i 






29 
9 
15 




1917, March 


{ Yellow.. 
(Mixed 


• 








4 
30 










Total 












1 






















5 


84 


92 


u 




3 






53 


127! 4 




1 




1917. AnriL. 


(White... 
^Yellow 










4 




8 


101 

38 
40 


64 
85 
79 


i 
1 

5 










45 
6 
21 


28 


1 








15, 1 








i Miverl . 


1 




6 


1 


49 








2 
2 


Total 















9 


182 


22S 


10 


i 




6 


1 


72 


92 


5 






Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 








17 


449 


709 


146 


16 


6 


15 


1 


202 


473 


41 


5 


3 


3 




TOLEDO, OHIO. 


1910, December 


(White 




6 

10 


84 
127 
19 


15 
100 
20 


3 
15 
4 


1 
1 

3 






3 
4 


11 

'7 








{ Yellow 








2 i 


1 




Total 


(Mixed . 




8 




4 


























22 


230 


135 


22 


5| 8 




7 


25 


6 


1 


1 




1917, January 


(White 










61 
153 
47 


14 2 


1 
1 

3 








3 
68 
13 








J Yellow 




1 


ISO 
23 


30 
1 




2 




30 
6 








Total 


Mixed 


3 




























1 


261 


217 


33 


5 


3 


2 




84 


36 








1917, February 


(White 














3 
1 
1 


67 
106 


5 
36 












18 










} Yellow 




0 










46 
5 


10 
1 




1 




Total 


1 Mixed.. 
































.... 






5 


173 


41 


6 








69 


11 




1 






(White 
















10 
4 


55 
138 
31 












3 




1 




1917, March 


{ Yellow 




21 

3 


3 




1 




19 
11 


12 


6 








(Mixed, 






3 


... 








1 


Total 


















.... 






14 


224 24 


3 




3 




3 


30 


12 


6 




1 




(White 






15 
7 
3 


25 1 
35 1 








1 


5 
13 
4 










1917, April 


{ Yellow 












2 








Total 


(Mixed 




9 






3 


6 


































25 


00| 2 




3 


6 




1 


22 


2 








Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 




.... 








1 




67 


9. r i7 419 


64 


13 


20 


2 


11 


230 


07 


7 


2 











16 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



MEMPHIS, TEXX. 



Year and month. 


Receipts. 


Shipments. 


Grade of corn. 


Grade of corn. 


Color. 


Xo. 
1. 


No. No. 
2. 3. 


Xo. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


L 
No. 

1. 


No. 
2. 


Xo. 
3. 


Xo. 
4. 


Xo. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


1916, December 


[White... 
{Yellow.. 
(Mixed... 


2 
3 
4 


34' 33 
10 60 
9 34 


9 
11 
2 


1 








3 
4 
2 




I 










1 


2 










Total 





1 




1 

























9 


53 


132 


22 


1 


1 




1 


9 


9 


1 








1917, January 


[White... 
^ Yellow.. 
(Mixed... 










1 
1 

2 


37 
23 
13 


71 
121 
28 


15 
2 
2 




2 
1 
1 






! 

4 


21 


1 




















Total 




2 


.... 
.... 


2 


1 












4 




220 


19 




4 


2 




14 


35 


3 


1 






1917, February 


[White 












36 
8 
11 


79 
97 
48 


6 

i 










10 


3 

-9 
40 


5 








^Yellow 












o 








Total 


(Mixed... 








2 


















45 


224 


12 






2 




17 


52 










1917, March 


[White... 

<! Yellow 





















31 
12 
19 


88 
28 
35 


5 1 






1 


3 4 
2 9 
2 6 




6 

3 








1 








Total 


(Mixed 









3 

























1 


62 


151 


14 


1 




3 


1 


7 1? 


1 








1917, April 




[White... 
{Yellow.. 
(Mixed 








i 


53 
43 
29 


106 
95 
75 


6 
2 
4 










1 10 


















2 


3 
5 










Total 


1 


.... 


1 




























3 


125 


276 


12 


1 




1 




3 


133 










Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, 
inclusive. 






12 


1 






17 


358 


1, 003 


79 


3 


5 


8 


2 


50 









MISSOURI VALLEY, IOWA. 



1916, December 


[White... .... 


2 | 1 
3 6 
6 9 














8 
1 
20 










{ Yellow.. .... 






1 

2 
















Total 


ftThrari 










































11 16 




21 3 








29 










1917, January 


[White 
























4 

38 


1 


1 








9 
39 
87 










{Yellow 




16 










3 










Total 


1 Mixed 




23 


43 


9 


2 


4 


4 






























39 


S3 


10 


3 


* 


4 




3 


135 










1917, February 


1 White 




1 
14 
27 


11 

21 
67 


1 
2 










1 

44 


13 
41 
44 










J Yellow 




1 
















Total 


(Mixed 


.... 


3 


2 














.... 


















42 


99 


3 


1 


3 


2 






57 

15 
29 
80 


98 










1917, March 


f "White 


.... 


17 
64 
69 












2 
21 

58 


14 
30 
79 


















{Yellow.. .... 


3 
2 




2 


1 







.... 






Total 




2 
























81 


123 


5 


2 


2 


1 




124 


1.50 










1917, April 


[White 




15 
33 
91 


7 
21 
51 












44 
57 
100 


2 
21 

24 










{ Yellow 




1 
1 


















Total 


(Mixed 




2 




1 






























139 
312 


402 


2 
20 


2 


1 

8 




201 
385 












Totalcars,each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, 
inclusive. 






10 


12 


459 























Ma»kets23.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 17 



HENDERSON, KY. 



ear and month. 


Receipts. 


Shipments. 


Grade of corn. 


Grade of corn. 


Color. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 

6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


1916, December 


[White 






17 


8 










185 
2 

52 






































(Mixed 






9 


3 










18 




































26 
13 


11 

2 










239 


18 











1917, January 


(White 


= 


= 


- 






















278 
1 

19 


45 




































2 












35 






































15 


2 










298 1 


80 






































1917, February 


[White 




2 


31 












170 
1 


19 






























Total 


(Mixed 




1 


4 












12 


15 


































3 
2 


35 


1 










183 


34 






1917, March 


(White 


"-- 


















as 










268 




ul 
























1 
18 








Total 




.... 


















7 
































12 
1 


25 












268 


33 


7 


i | 


1917, April 


(White 
















17 


1 








2 


225 
1 
16 


1 










^ Yellow- 


















Total 


Mixed 




1 














11 



























I 












13 


18 1 








2 


242 


12 










Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 






















18 


119 15 








2 


1,230 


177 


7 





























BOSTON, MASS. 





(White 


1 


2 

88 














1 








1916, December 


{ Yellow 





1 
18 





















Total 


(Mixed 




1 


6 


2 


































97 


19 


1 


6 


2 






i 








1917, January 


(Yellow 

























12 

97 




















.... 




Total 








1 






3 






154 














109 


1 






3 




154 ! 






(White 






1 

32 
143 






















^Yellow 






1 
1 














.... 






Total 
















-. 


142 








































176 


2 












142 








1917, March 


(White 






1 
14 
130 












: 1 






{ Yellow 






2 




















(Mixed... 




7 




1 


.... 




228 




.... 


.... 




Total 


























7 


145 


2 




--I 






228 


.... L .. 






1917, April 


(White 






1 

20 
163 
























^ Yellow 




1 
























Total 


(Mixed 




9 




3 


4 






132 


















184 9 




3 4 






132 










Totalcars.each 
trade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 






















8 


m 


33 


1 


9 9 






656 































575C 0 — 17 3 



18 



BUEEAU OF MARKETS. 
CLEVELAND, OHIO. 



[S. R. A. 



Year and month. 



1916, December 
Total .... 



^.917, January . 

Total . . . 
1917, February 

Total . . . 
1917, March . . . 

Total . . . 
1917, April .... 



Total 



Receipts. 



Grade of corn. 



Color. 



ellpw. 
Mixed. . 



No. 
2. 



No. 
3. 



Xo. 
4. 



(White.. 
I Yellow. 
Mixed.. 



(White.. 
\ Yellow. 
Mixed . 



Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 



(White.. 
\ Yellow. 
Mixed.. 



(White.. 
\ Yellow. 
Mixed.. 



62 100 



67| 85 

1 1 

61 37 
10 



72 47 



7 1 

97 12 
30 4 



134 



No. 
5. 



Xo, 



Sam- 
ple. 



Shipments. 



Grade of corn. 



116 



26 



No/|No. 
4. 5. 



Xo. 



Sam- 
ple. 



1.... I" 



31 



420 2o6, 32 10 



I! I 



PITTSBURGH, PA. 



1916, December 
Total .... 



'/Yellow. 
iMixed.. 



.I.J 15 1 48 1 



1917, January . . 

Total 
1917, February 

Total 

1917, March 

Total 
1917, April 



(White.. 
\ Yellow. 
(Mixed.. 



White.. 
Yellow. 
Mixed.. 



White. 
Yellow. 
Mixed. 



Yellow 
.Mixed. 



Total 

Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 



J I. 



701 42 



ll 1 
48 152 
4 13 



53 166 



... II. 
73 93 
28 10, 



.| 26 109 17|. 



52 



406 466 125 14 



11 1 
li 1 



1 1 



Markets 23.1 SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



19 



LEAVENWORTH, KANS. 



Year and month. 


Receipts. 


Shipments. 


Grade of corn. 


Grade of corn. 


Color. 


No. 
1. 




No. 

2. 


No. 

3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


191ii. December 


(White 


18 
3 
17 


43 


2 











52 
16 
39 












| Yellow 




S>Rl 2 


1 








12 

58 










Total 


[Mixed... 




20 


4 


1 


































38 


91 


8 


1 








107 


70 










1917. January 


(White 


















36 
16 
25 


28 
27 
21 




2 


— 







30 
L0 
3 


4 
20 
55 






{Yellow 




3 
4 
















Total 


(Mixed... 








1 


























77 


76 


7 


2 




1 




43 


79 










1917, February 


| White 














12 
9 
10 


8 
14 
17 


1 

4 

2 










17 
11 

9 


3 
7 
12 






— 


{Yellow 




















Total 


(Mixed... 











































31 


39 


7 










37 


22 




1917, March 


fWhit.n 






















11 

2 


4 
14 
,3 






i 






24 
8 










{Yellow 


1 








12 

29 










Total 




12 


1 






































25 


31 


1 1 


i 






46 


41 


1.... 




1917, April 


I White 


— 


33 
3 
7 


'? 
16 


1 










!~50 


1 




{Yellow 












6 
15 


8 




Total 


(Mixed... 




1 






2 




13 


-------- 


















43 


33 


2 






2 


.... 71 


22 


| | 


1 


Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 
















214 


270 


25 4 


2 


3 


.... 304 


234 























FOSTORIA, OHIO. 



1916, December 


("Yellow ! 




6 


! 

34 39 

3, 4 


4 
1 


,1 




18 


89 


9 


2 






Total 


\Mixed. . . 






















6 


37 43 


5 


2 






18 


89 


9 


2 






1917, January 


/Yellow 




2 


150 
10 


54 
11 










7 


160 

6 


7 
1 








• Total 


\Mixed 




1 




















160 1 


65 


1 








7 


166 


8 


























1917, February 


(White 




1 

37 


1 






















{Yellow ! • 


1 


7 










.... 


31 


4 

2 








Total 






1 



































.-..•.| 1 38 


? 




1 


31 


«- 






1917, March 


(T ellow 
\Mixed... 


.... 4 98 
6 


, iL .. 


1 






94 








Total 






4 104 


15 1 





1 





7 


i)i> 


7 






1917, April 


(White 










i 












1 

72 
1 

74 




{Yellow 




5 


10 


3 












2 


L L ■ 




Total 








































i 




5 10 


3 








2 


Total cars, each 
prade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 






















18 349 


134 7 


2 


1 




35 


45b 


30 

r 


2 























20 BUREAU OF MARKETS. [S. R. A. 



SUPERIOR, NEBR. 



Year and month. 


Receipts. 


Shipments. 


Grade of corn. 


Grade of corn. 


Color. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 

6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


No. 
1. 




No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 




Sam- 
nip 




1917, February 


[White.. 
{Yellow 




15 

8 

75 


7 
9 

38 










5 
8 
21 
















2 
5 










Total 


I Mixed.. 










1 






















mi 















98 


54 








1 


34 










1917, March 


(White 






















10 
2 

58 


2 
8 
70 












4 
9 

35 


7 










{Yellow 




2 
11 










17 
42 










Total 


1 Mixed... 




1 


.... 






1 


























70 


80 


13 


1 








48 


66 


1 


---- 






1917, April 


[White 




















4 
4 
27 


3 
4 
14 













16 
15 
99 


7 
11 

45 








{Yellow 




3 










1 

1 








Total 


(Mixed... 












1 























35 


21 


4 








130 


63 


2 


1 






Totalcars, each 
grade, Dec. 1" 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 


_ 
















203 


155 


17 


1 


.... i 

I 




212 


136 


3 


1 















CAIRO, ILL. 



1916, December 


[White 








1 








19 
2 
26 


J 








{Yellow 






- - - j. z--= 








20 










[Mixed. . 



















20 
































Total 1 






2 












47 


47 




























1917, January 


fWhite 




3 
3 


9 












25 
1 

6 


34! 1 
73 , 






{Yellow 




















Total 


(Mixed.. . 




2 












7 
































6 


11 












32 


114; 1 










(White 
























5 












15 
2 

3 


52 








1917, February 


{ Yellow.. 




2 












66 








Total 


(Mixed . 














.... 


211 
























.... 












2 


5 












20 


139 








1917, March 


fWhite 






































8 
3 
3 


74 








{Yellow 
















.... 


73 4 
12 








Total 


I Mixed 





































































159 4 










[White , 








































17 
18 

4 


33 








{Yellow 


















26 








Total 




















4 


























39 


63 








Totalcars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 






























16 


18 












152 


522 5 





























Markets 23.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



21 



SHELDON, ILL. 



Year and month. 



Receipt: 



Grade of corn. 





Color. 


No. 


No. 
i. 


No. 

•>. 


No. 


No. 

g 


No. 

6. 


Sam- 
R ' 


No. 
j_ 


No. 

n 


No. 
3. 


No. 


No. 
5. 




No. 




Sam- 
ple. 




fYVTiil a 







7 
1G 
2 


1 
1 
1 























JVr»ll/»\\- 






2 
I 










3 

30 










Total 


\f ,'\ i>, 1 

















































25 


3 


3 










33 


































































8 
37 
83 


15 
43 
12 






















J Vatlnup 
























Total 


1 Mixed 






1 












































128 


70 


* 


1 














1917, February 


(White 



























13 
36 
12 


3 




1 






















10 






11 


7 










Total 


(Mixed . . 






26 


2 


1 






































61 


29 


10 


3 


1 




11 


7 










1917, March 


(White 


















31 
42 
10 


12 

26 
13 


1 
1 










3 

49 
19 










{Yellow 












7 










Total 








1 


1 




































83 


51 


2 


1 


1 


7 


71 








1917, April 


fWhite 
















1 

2 


2 
7 
2 












2 

8 


14 
40 










{Yellow 




1 


















Total 


(Mixed 






1 








































3 


11 


1 




1 






10 


54 






Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 














1 






3 


308 


154 


20 


6 


2 




28 


165 


















CHAMPAIGN, ILL. 


1916, December 


f White 






6 
24 
1 


2 
8 
2 












4 








{Yellow 




1 


1 
1 


1 

1 






2 


27 
42 


22 








Total 


(Mixed . . 




1 






























1 


31 


12 


2 


2 


1 




2 


73 


22 










(White 














6 
86 
3 


3 
7 
1 












7 
7 
65 








{Yellow 






2 
1 


2 






3 


2 








Total 


(Mixed . . 










































95 


11 


3 


2 




3 


79 


2 






1917, February 


fWhite 




















14 

29 
2 


3 
8 




















{Yellow 
















4 

13 










Total 


(Mixed 






















































45 


11 












17 










1917, March 


(White 




























5 
15 
5 


1 

3 
1 




















{Yellow 




2 
1 












21 

9 










Total 


(Mixed... 






2 




































3 


25 


5 




2 








30 




-!- 




1917, April 


(White 




































4 
81 
9 




...J.... 




{Yellow 




1 


8 


1 










1 








Total 










1 




































1 

5 


8 
204 


1 

40 






1 

2 




1 

6 


94 








Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 






5 


6 


293 












24 

















Shipments. 



Grade of corn. 



22 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 

NEWPORT NEWS, VA. 



[S.R. A 



Year and month. 


Receipts. 


Shipments. 


Grade of corn. 


Grade of corn. 


Color. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


No. 
1. 


"NTn 

i\o. 

2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


;\ O. 

6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


1917, January 








2 

23 
46 


5 























< Yellow. . 




3 
2 






















Total 


(Mixed.. 
















































5 


71 


5 














... ! . 






1917, February 


[White , . . 
















I-'" 









2 
3 
1 


1 
6 
110 
















... 1 




^ Yellow 
























Total 


[Mixed 














204 


1 































6 


117 

3 
6 
29 








j 




204 


1 









1917, March 


(White 


































■j Yellow 




























Total 


(Mixed. . 


















30 









































38 












30 










1917, April 


(White 
















































^Yellow 






1 

2 






















Total 


[Mixed 






1 










5 





































3 


1 










6 










Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, 
inclusive. 






11 


229 


6 










240 


1 





























WICHITA, KANS. 



1916, December. 

Total 

1917, January. . . 

Total 

1917, February., 

Total...:. 
1917, March 

Total 

1917, April 

Total 



Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, 
inclusive. 



White. 
Yellow. 
Mixed. 



(White... 
^ Yellow.. 
Mixed... 



(White.. 
{ Yellow. 
Mixed.. 



(White... 
{ Yellow.. 
Mixed... 



(White.. 
{Yellow. 
Mixed.. 





12 
10 

39 


5 
3 
11 








! 
















.... 
































i 
























.... 
















61 

14 
16 
44 


19 









i 












I 


























I 


















1 

3 


















.... 






3 








2 


1 


_1 






.... 






















4 


74 


7 








2 


1 


1 






























3 
1 
4 


8 
13 

55 


1 

4 

3 










































1 


1 




1 






























8 


76 


8 


1 


1 




1 


























2 
1 
1 


18 
10 

53 


1 
1 

8 




























3 

2 












1 


1 


1 


1 




1 





















4 


81 


10 


1 


1 


1 


1 




5 1 












2 


11 

26 


2 












































11 














2 

































3| 44 


13 












2 














.... 






6 










19 


336 




2 2 

1 


1 


5 


3 

















Markets 23.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 23 



TOPEKA, KANS. 



Year and month. 


Receipts. 




Shipments. 


Grade of corn. 


Grade of corn. 


Color. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


S:i tu- 
ple. 


No. 
i 

i. 


No. 

i. 


No. 

o. 


No. 


No. 
* 




No. 
6. 




Sam- 
ple. 




191G, December 






8 
5 
11 


8 
1 
21 

























1 Vrtllmir 


























Total 
























































24 


30 
























1917, January 

























= 




(White 




10 
5 
20 


4 
17 
















{Yellow 




















.... 






Total 


| Mixed 




1 















































35 


22 
























1917, February 


[White 



























7 
14 

35 


2 
5 
11 
















{Yellow. 


























Total 


1 Mixed., 






1 












.... 


.... 






















.... 








56 


18 




1 














• 








(White 


























13 
7 
51 


9 
14 
31 












2 












1917, March 


{ Yellow . 


























1 Mixed... 














1 


1 
































Total ! 




71 


54 












3 




























.... 








(White 


22 
9 
27 


8 
7 
20 










1917, April 


i Vol low 




1 

2 




1 












.... 




Total 


Mixed.. J 




--I 
































.... 


I 




58 35J 3 





















Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 


























244 159 3 


1 






3 


1 
























SIOUX CITY, IOWA. 


1917, January 


(White 




5 
18 
3 


15 
28 




| 




















{Yellow.. 
(Mixed... 


2 


1 










3 


11 


2 










18 2 


2 




1 




3 


























Total 


2 


26 


til 3 


2 




1 




3 










1917, February 


(White 


















2 
7 


17 

33 
11 


7 
2 
2 












l 

3 






{ Yellow 




1 




















(Mixed... 




1 


2 






































Total 




9 


61 


11 


1 


1 


2 






4 


























1917, March 


(White 






10 5 






















{Yellow 




2 


30 
17 


3 
4 


1 










21 
1 


3 








Total 








1 
















2 


57 


12 


1 




1 






22 


3 








1917, April 


(White 
















2 
6 
2 


20 
39 
9 




















{Yellow 




4 

3 












9 












(Mixed... 




1 




1 














Total 






10 


68 


7 


1 




1 






10 










Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 


















2 


47 


247 


33 


5 


1 


5 




3 


50 


5 













24 BUREAU OF MARKETS. [S.R.A. 



SALIXA, KANS. 



Year and month. 


Receipts. 


Shipments. 


Grade of com. 


Grade of corn. 


Color. 


No. 


No. 
2. 


No. 

3. 


No. 


No. 

0. 


No. 
g 


Sam- 
ple. 


N-o. 


No. 

o 


No. 


No. 

A 


NoJ 
5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


1916, December. . , 




[White 




4 
3 


1 


























{Yellow 


























Total 




[Mixed 




32 


6 






















































39 7 
























1917. Tanuarv 


(White 










> 










.... 








2 
9 


























1 Yellow 




3 
























Total 


(Mixed... 


:::: 


29 16 








1 












































40 19 








1 








[White 


























6 
7 
76 






















< Yellow 




3 
6 






















Total 


[Mixed 










1 






































89 


9 








1 


















[White 


















































\ Yellow. . 
[Mixed 


i 


11 

70 


























Total 




a 








1 












































i 


84 8 








1 
















1917, April 


[White 
























3 
9 
39 


























\ Yellow 




























Total 


(Mixed 




l 














































.... 


.... 






51 1 
























Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 




























1 


303 


44 








3 






























PEETX. ILL. 


1916, December 




[White 






4 

23 
20 


12 
9 

4 




j 






2 
18 










\ Yellow 












\ 










Total 




[Mixed 






V 




22 





































47 


25 




2 15 




2 


42 










1917, January 


[White 
















10 
32 
15 


8 

9 


6 



















< Yellow. 




4 
1 


1 


















Total 


(Mixed 


.... 




2 


13 




































— 


s 


57 


38 


6 


3 


13 


















[White 


— 




fi 


1 






















{Yellow 




1 


7 4 


I 




















Total 


(Mixed , , 




8 


3 


2 


9 











































1 


21 


B 


1 


2 


9 
















1917, March 






















£ 


3 




















Total 


\Mixed 








1 




2 








!•- 










6 


3 


1 




2 














1917, April 


[White 
































3 

1 
1 


4 

3 


i 






\ Yellow 




















1 




Total 


(Mixed... 



















4 




2 










































5 


'i 


5 






2 


Total cars, each 
grade. Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 
























13 


131 


74 


10 


\ 


39 


49 


5 




1 



Markets 23.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



25 



GALVESTON, TEX. 



Year and month. 


Receipts. 


Shipments. 


Grade of corn. 


(irade ol corn. 




\"o. 
t 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 

5. 




No. 
6. 




Sam- 
ple. 


No. 
1. 




No. 
2. 


No. 

3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 

6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


1916, December 


Mixed. 




1 


... 


























[White 






























2 
2 


1 

2 

33 
























\ Yellow 


















































































5 


36 
























1917, February 


(White 




























16 


1 

3 

98 












. 








{Yellow 




1 




















Total ' 


[Mixed 




19 













13 


































35 


102 


1 










13 






1917, March 


/White 
























1 

4 


















1 


.... 




Total 


\Mixed 




27 














1 1 








5 


» 














w L 




1917, April 


/White 




3 
5 


























Total 


\Mixed 






























8 


























Totalcars,each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 












.... 




















54 


165 


1 










14 





























SEATTLE, WASH. 



1916, December 


/Yellow 


.... 12 


51 
4 






1 
















Total 


\Mixed 


























12| 55 



















1917, January 


(Yellow 




















1 


38 
1 


3 












| 








Total 


\Mixed. . . 






























39' 3 












I 


..4-1 


1917, February 


Yellow 
























1 


11 














1 






1917, March 


(Yellow 


























26 
2 


1 






















Total 


\Mixed... 
































28 


• 






















1917, April 


/White 






























1 

28 
























Total 


\ Yellow 


.... 


2 


3 
























2 


29 


3 






















Totalcars,each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 




























18 


180 


8 











































FORT WORTH, TEX. 



'[White. 

1916, December i Yellow. 

[Mixed. 

Total 



(White. 

1917, Januarv •{Yellow. 

Mixed. 



Total. 



26 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 
FORT WORTH, TEX. — Continued. 



[S. R. A. 



Year and month. 



Receipts. 



Grade of corn. 



Shipments. 



Grade of corn. 





Color. 


ISO. 
1. 


IN 0. 

2. 


i\0. 

3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 

5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


JNO. 

4. 


JNO. 
5. 


No. 

6 


Sam- 
ple^ 


1917, February 


(White , . 








1 




2 


14 
6 
10 




{ Yellow 






















Total 
















1 














































3 


30 










1917, March 


(White 




























9 
4 


8 
14 


1 






















Total 


\Mixed. . . 




























13 


22 


1 
















1917, April 


(White 
























7 
3 
4 


2 
























^Yellow 




4 

12 
























Total 


[Mixed. . . 






















































14 


18 


















Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, 
inclusive. 






























35 


95 


1 


1 


i 






14 


56 




1 


















COLUMBUS, OHIO. 


1916, December 


(White 










1 




1 










] Yellow 










* 




2 


13 


........ 

Ill fi 




Total 



















5 
























1 
























1 


2 


13 


16 


6 




1917, January 


(White 


































1 




1 

29 






^Yellow. 

















1 
1 


........ 

19 5 
7 3 




Total 


(Mixed. . 

























































1 


2 


30 


26 8 
===== 




1917, February 


(White 



































1 

2 

3 




I Yellow.. 


















12 
4 


6 
1 






Total . J 





















1 












1 


























6 


16 




1 


1917, March 


(White . 






































1 

3 
1 






^Yellow 


















3 


3 
7 






Total 


(Mixed... 










- 










































I 








3 


10 


5 







1917, April 


/Yellow 






2 






















i 






i 






Total 










2 






1 




1 














2 


2 




i 


1 














Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, 
inclusive. 


























2 


2 




i 


1 




2 13 

1 

1 


69 


54 


14 


1 











JACKSONVILLE, FLA. 



1916, December 
Total .... 



1917, January . 
Total... 



/White. 
\Mixed. 



(White.. 
^Yellow. 
(Mixed.. 



Markets 23.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 27 



JACKSONVILLE, FLA. — Continued. 



Year and month. 


Receipts. 




Shipments. 


Grade of corn. 


Grade of corn. 


Color. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 

5. 


No. 

6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 

3. 


No. No. 
4. 5. 


No. 

6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


1917, February 


(White 




2 


3 






















{Yellow 
























Total 


(Mixed... 


16 


1 








1 

































16 


3 


17 








1 














1917, March 


[White 






.... 















4 
4 
9 






















{ Yellow 




1 

5 






















Total 


(Mixed... 


2 








10 










""T""' 




















2 


17 


6 








10 












1917, April 


/Yellow 


















5 
6 






1 













"i 


Total 


\Mixed 










2 












11 






1 


2 




1 | 


i 


Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 




18 


43 


56 


3 


1 


.... 


15 































DAVENPORT, IOWA. 



1916, December 


(White 






3 1 3 
2| 3 
4 3 


1 






| 










{Yellow 























Total 


Mixed 












... .1 

















I 












.... 








9 9 










1917, Januarv 


/Yellow 


























8 




















\Mixed 




























Total 




.... 































15 3 

















1917, February 


[White 








1 




















{Yellow 






15 
6 
















:::: 




Total 


[Mixed 















































.... 








21 


1 
1 




















1917, March 


(White. 






= 


ILL- 


































{Yellow 








22 
17 




1 


















Total 


(Mixed 



















































39 


2 








--I 












1917, April 


/Yellow 







































13 
19 










Total 


\Mixed 








4 
























4 












32 










Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 


































84 


19 




1 








32 





























HUTCHINSON, KANS. 



(White....... 3 

1916, December {Yellow.. 1 

(Mixed....... 7| 2. 

Total |....| 10 3| 

1917 > Januar y {5toS:::E ii i 



Total 12 1 4| 1 

,=.==■ ,= = =1=11= =!=, 



28 BUREAU' OF MARKETS. [S. R. A. 



HUTCHINSON, KANS.— Continued. 



Year and month. 


Receipts. 


Shipments. 


Grade of corn. 


Grade of com. 




Color. 


_ 

No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 

3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 

5. 


No. 

6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


2s o. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


sam- 
ple. 


1917 February 


(White... 




4 


1 
1 
1 












7 












{Yellow.. 
1 Mixed . . 


1 
























18 






1 






1 










Total 
























1 


22 


3 






1 






14 


1 










1917, March 


[White 




4 
1 

16 


1 






















{Yellow 




1 




















Total 


[Mixed... 














3 






.... 


.... 




... 


























21 


1 


1 








3 












1917, April 


[White... 
{Yellow 


.... 


















1 


2 
1 
13 

16 
















































1 Mixed 




2 
2 










1 
1 












Total 
























Total ears, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 























2 


81 


10 


1 




1 






22 


2 



















1 











LITTLE ROCK, ARK. 



1916, December 


[White.. . .... 


i 

1 


2 






1 


1 


| 




1 1 


i Yellow 








.... 


6 

3 


1 
1 














5 








1 





.... 




















Total 




3 












9 


2 1 




























1917, January 


fWhitp 




1 
1 
1 




1 










1 
1 

3 


2 
2 
2 








1 Yellow 




















1 Mixed 




5 






































Total 




3 


5 


1 










5 


6 


























1917, February 


[White 




1 
1 


2 






















\ Yellow 














2 


2 










(Mixed... 




2 


1 
















Total 



























2 


4 


1 










2 


2 










[White 






















1 






















1917, March 


\ Yellow 


















2 
6 










[Mixed... 






2 












2 




.... 


----1 



























Total 






3 












2 


8 
































1917, April 


[White 




1 
2 
8 
















1 

I 








i Yellow. 

















I 


::::: 






Total 


(Mixed... 




10 


1 




































11 


10 


1 








5 


S 








Total cars, each 
erade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 





















19 


29 


3 










23 


26 































KANKAKEE, ILL. 



1916, December 


















4 








\Yellow 
















3 


1 




















7 





























Markets 23.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 29 
KANKAKEE, ILL. — Continued. 



Year and month. 


^ Receipts. 


Shipments. 


Grade of corn. 


Grade of corn. 


Color. 


Mr. 

INO. 
1. 


Mr. 

INO. 
2. 


INO. 
3. 


INO. 

4. 


Air. 

INO. 

5. 


Mr. 

G. 


sim- 
ple. 


Air. 

1. 




Mr. 

INO. 

2. 


INO. 

3. 


rso. 
4. 




Mr, 
iN 0. 

5. 




INO. 
C). 




Sam- 
ple. 




1917, January 






















13 
24 










Total 


\ Yellow. . 












.... 










.... 
























37 












/White 






















.... 
























7 
9 










Total 
















































16 










1917, March 


fWMle 






















.... 
























13 
15 










Total 


\Yellow 














































28 










1917, April 


/White 














































1 

4 








Total 


\Yellow 














































5 










Total ears, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 
















































93 



































NORFOLK, VA. 



IQIfi DfifAmhPr White... .... 


4 
7 














1 










Total 


^lixea. . . 






























11 




























/Yellow. 






























1 

5 


1 






















Total 
































6 




























Yellow 






























2 
11 
























1917, March 


...do 




2 
























1917, April 


(White 




~ 6 
14 

3 


1 

9 
2 












2 
2 












{Yellow 




2 










2 












(Mixed... 




















Total 






























23 


12 


2 










4 


2 










Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 

























42 


26 


2 










4 


2 































NEW ALBANY, IND. 





/White 




■ 






1 






1 












Total 


\Yellow , . 






1 













1 




.... 










1 










lj 1 










1917, February 


(White 
















.... 


















14 
1 












{Yellow 

















2 




.... 






Total 










1 



































15 2 




— 






1917. March 


/White 






















1 j 










27 
2 






ax euow . . 
Total 




































29 


1 

































30 BUREAU OF MARKETS. [S.R.A. 



NEW ALBANY, IND. — Continued. 



Year and month. 


Receipts. 


Shipments. 


Grade of corn. 


Grade of corn. 


Color. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
0. 


Sam- 
ple. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


1917, April 


/White 



















14 


~~ " 










Total 


\Yellow 










i 






4 
























18 


4 










Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30 in- 
clusive. 






















'_ H 




2 


i 1 










63 


8 
































COFFEYVILLE, KANS. 



1917, January 


/White 




1 
1 

2 












1 
1 






I 1 


Total. 


\Yellow 








1 














1 


I 2 


1917, February 


[White 






















11 

3 






















^Yellow 




























Total 


















1 




























.... 














14 












.... 


1 












1917, March 


[White 




























6 
12 
1 


1 
























\ Yellow 


























Total 


(Mixed 




1 














1 






















— 








.. . 


..... 




19 2 














1 










1917. April 


[White 




















.... 






19 
7 














2 












J Yellow 






















.... 




Total 


(Mixed , 




2 


















































2fi! 21 . 1 






2 












Totalcars,each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30 in- 
clusive. 






61 


4 




1 






1 

































TACOMA, WASH. 



1916, December 


Yellow 




1 


9 
























1917, January 


...do 




1 


21 
9 


1 






















1917, February 


...do 




2 

4 






















1917, March 


do 




9 


1 






















1917, April 


...do 






12 


1 






















Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 






1 

0 «n 


3! 




















































































HAMMOND, IND. 



1917, April 


/Yellow 
(Mixed... 






1 


1 


1 








• 

27 
12 


17 

3 








Total .". 










1 


1 


1 










39 
39 


20 








Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to,Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 
























1 


1 


1 






20 



























Markets 23.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



31 



DULUTH, MINN. 



Year and monlh. 


Receipts. 


Shipments. 


Grade of corn. 


Grade of corn. 


Color. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 

5. 


No. 

0. 


Sam- 
ple. 




No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 




No. 
3. 




No. 
4. 




No. 
5. 


No. 

0. 


Sam- 
ple. 




J!)lt>, December 


/Yellow 




4 


1 




























\Mixed 




4 


11 HI 
l 


2 
2 


1 
1 


1 
1 





















1917. January 


p'ellow 


























2 
4 






















Total 


\Mixed... 




1 


1 






1 



















l| 6 


« 




1 

















1917. February 


1 Yellow 


















= 






4 

6 


..... 




















Total 


\ Mixed . 































10 


2 















































= 




1017 M*roh / V .? IloW " 


2 


1 


8 
3 




















Total 


(Mixed 

/Yellow 












1 






1 










2 


1 11 








1 






1 








1917, April 





















1 

2 










I 












Total 


\Mixed 














1 




1 






3' 








1 

2 






1 
1 


Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
elusive. 


















2 


6 31 


5 


1 1 

1 


2 








1 










WINCHESTER, IND. 


1917, March 






3 
1 


9 
5 


3 
2 












i. 


2 








Total 


(Mixed 



















.... 






4 


14 


5 












* 


2 








1917, April 


/Yellow 






















5 


1 












2 


1 






- 






(Mixed 





























Total ' 




7 


3 












2 


1 


























Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, 
inclusive. 






11 


17 


5 










2 


5 


2 




























EVANSVILLE, IND. 



bStr 
















12 
10 




1 






Total 






































22 

8 
2 
2 








I (White 
















5 






\ 




















1917, April {Yellow 

























[Mixed 



























Total I 











































13 

















































35 


5 










grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, 
inclusive. 



























32 BUREAU OF MARKETS. [S. R. A. 



MOBILE, ALA. 





Receipts. 


Shipments. 


Year and month. 


Grade of corn. 


Grade of corn. 




Color. 


No. 

i. 


No. 
2. 


No. 

3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
0. 


Sam- 
ple. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 




White , . 

































/Yellow 
\Mixed 
































1 
1 






























2 






















1917, February 


j White 






























8 
2 
2 


















^ Yellow 


























Total 




— 

















































. 


12 
























1917, February.. „ 


(White 






























3 
1 


8 
2 
2 
























^ Yellow 


























Total 




























4 










•--•!••-:- 












12 










■A 










1917, March.. 


[White 






















4 

I 


4 
2 






1 




i 






^Yellow 






















Total 


(Mixed 


























































1 
















Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, 
inclusive. 



























13 


22 




1 











































PORTLAND, ME. 



1916, December 












1 








1 

7 










...do 


















28 ! 








Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Jan. 31, 
inclusive. 






















35 







































NEW ULM, MINN. 



1916, December 


/Yellow 








2 












1 








Total 


\Mixed 






2 














:::::::::: 












2 


2 












i 








1917, Januarv 


/Yellow 




























1 














1 








Total 


\Mixed... 
































1 


1 




















1917, February 




/Yellow 


























2 


3 
1 




















Total 


\Mixed... 


















.... 










2 4 




















1917, March 


JWh:te 


















.... 










2 
8 














Total 


\Yellow 


! | 1 






















1 10 












— 


















.... 











1917, April 

Total 


/White 


! 


3 1 

















XYeli^w. 




1 

3 


6 






•- 


































Total cars, each 




























9 


24 













grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, 
inclusive. 





























Markets 23.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 33 



OKLAHOMA CITY, OKLA. 



Year and month. 


Receipts. 


Shipments. 


Grade of corn. 


Grade of c oi n. 


Color. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 

3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 

1 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
pie. 


1917, January 


/White 




















Tot 


\Mixed 




6 

























J 












1 




.... 




1917, February 


1 Whit n 


























1 














h- 






{Yellow 




1 
4 











.... 









.... 




Total 


[Mixed... 




1 












k 




































5| l| 1 


















1017 \firr>h 


/White... 
\ Mixed... 
























2 
1 


1 














1 








1 




















1 


Total 




















3 


5| 1 


1 










1 










1 


1917, April 


White 















.... 


.... 




1 



























Total ears, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, 
inclusive. 





























3 


14 


2 


2 










2 










1 





















BURLINGTON, IOWA. 



1917, April 


(White 


















1 


3 
10 

7 










J Yellow 


























Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 


(Mixed. . , 


















i 






















































2 


20 






































WELLINGTON, KANS. 





Mixed . 


I 


5 






1 


| 












February 


/White 
























1 


1 

4 


















Total 


\Mixed . . 































1 


5 


























/White 






















.... 






1 
2 


























Total 


\Mixed... 




2 


























3 


2 
























April 


/White 


























1 
1 






















Total 


\ Mixed. . . 
































2 






















Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 
































4 


14 













































34 BUREAU OF MARKETS. [S.R.A. 



SUPERIOR, WIS. 



Year and month. 


Receipts. 


Shipments. 


Grade of corn. 


Grade of corn. 


Color. 


Xo. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. Inc. 
5. 6. 


Sam- 

JJ1C. 


Xo. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 

3 


Xo. 


No. 
5. 


Xo. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


1916, December 


Yellow 




1 




1 








1917, January 


Mixed 






























1 


1 
















= 






1917, February 


/Yellow 






























1 


1 
1 






















Total 


\Mixed 
































1 


2 






















1917, March 


Yellow . 




























2 


3 
























1917, April 


/Yellow 

































1 

2 
























Total 


\Mixed 
































3 
























Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 
































3 


8 


4 






















1 

















ST. CLOUD, MINN. 



1916, December 


Yellow 






2 
3 
3 
























1917, March 

1917, April 


...do 

...do 



















































Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1, 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 


































8 





















































RICHMOXD, VA. 



1917, January 


Yellow 






' 
























1917, February 


White 




2 
2 
























1917, April 


Yellow. . 




1 








1 












.... 




Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 30, in- 
clusive. 






















.... 






4 


2 








1 









































EVERETT, WASH. 



1917, Januarv 


Yellow 






2 
























1917, April 


...do 






3 
























Total cars, each 
grade, Dec. 1 
to Apr. 3, in* 
elusive. 








5 












I 









































Markets 23.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



35 



PART II. 

Attention is again called to the fact that the data contained in the 
following table are necessarily incomplete and inaccurate. This is 
especially true with respect to the figures showing the amount of 
shelled corn received by the elevators or warehouses. Inspection 
and grading of grain as conducted in the majority of markets through- 
out the United States is made, not at the time of delivery of grain to 
an elevator or warehouse, but as soon as possible after arrival of the 
grain at a market. A certificate of grade is issued by the inspector 
to the party to whom the grain was consigned. At some time sub- 
sequent to the inspection of the grain and the issuance of the certifi- 
cate of grade the consignee makes disposition of the grain. He may 
order the grain to an elevator for storage, he may reconsign the grain 
to another market, or he may sell the grain on track in his own 
market. In any event, the licensed inspector, as such, who inspected 
and graded the grain ordinarily has no knowledge of what disposi- 
tion was made thereof. 

Therefore, the figures in the table under Part II, showing the, 
amount of shelled corn received by elevators or warehouses, represent 
only the number of cars which, in the knowledge of the licensed 
inspectors, were delivered to such elevators or warehouses. 

With reference to the names of elevators or warehouses appearing 
in the following table, further explanation is necessary. In reports 
made to the Secretary of Agriculture by licensed inspectors it appears 
that names of parties to whom shelled corn was consigned have been 
confused with the names of parties owning or operating elevators and 
warehouses. It appears also that the names of railroad yards have 
been confused with the names of elevators owned or operated by rail- 
road companies. It is possible, therefore, that in a few instances 
names appearing under the head of "Name of elevator" may in fact 
be neither the name of an elevator or warehouse nor the name of a 
party who owns or operates an elevator or warehouse. 

The amount of shelled corn voluntarily reported as having been 
received and shipped on sample or type by elevators or warehouses 
is shown in footnotes in. the following table. 



36 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



fS. R. A. 



A table compiled from reports of licensed inspectors, showing the number of cars of shelled 
corn and the grade thereof inspected and graded by them and delivered to and from 
elevators or warehouses in grain markets of the United States where such licensed 
inspectors were located, from Dec. 1, 1916, to Apr. 30, 1917, inclusive, and shoving 
also, as ascertained from voluntary reports of elevators or warehouses, the estimated 
amount of shelled corn received on sample or type by each such elevator or warehouse 
and the estimated amount delivered therefrom on sample or type from Dec. 1, 1916, to 
Apr. 30, 1917, inclusive. The markets are arranged in alphabetical order. 



Receipts Dec. 1, 1916, to Apr. 30, 
1917.1 



Grade of corn. 2 



No. No. 
3. 4. 



Xo. 



Xo. Sam- 
ple. 



Shipments Dec. 1, 1916, to Apr. 30, 
1917.1 



Grade of corn. 



No. Xo. 
1. i 2. 



Xo. 
3. 



No. 
4. 



Xo. Xo. Sam- 
ple. 



Atchison, Kans.: 

Washer Grain Co 

Lukens Mill 

Mangelsdorf 

Blair Elevator 

Blair Mill 

Turon Mill Co 

W. W. Young & Co 

Baltimore, Md.: 

Baltimore Pearl Hominv Co 

B. & O. "B" 

B. & O. "C" 

B. & O. "E" 

Pennsylvania R. R. X T o. 1.. 

Pennsylvania R. R. No. 2.. 

Western Maryland Ry 

Boston, Mass.: 

Grand Junction 

Hoosac 

Mystic 

Buffalo, N. Y.: 

Buffalo Creek (1) 

Checkerboard 

Electric 

Export 

Erie Transfer "A" 

Erie Transfer "B" 

Iron 

Michigan Central (2) 

Superior 

Marine 

Eldad 

Burlington, Iowa: 

B. & M. Elevator 

Cairo, ELL: 

Hastings Elevator (3) 

Hallidav Elevator (4) 

Thistlewood Elevator (5)....|.— 

Delta Elevator (6) 

Cunningham Elevator (7)... 

Hastings- St out Elevator (8) .j 

I. C. R. R !.... 

C) campaign, 111.: 

Cleveland Grain Co 

B. C. Beach & Co 

C' icago, HI.: 

South Chicago Elevator " D 

South Chicago Elevator "C 

South Chicago Elevator 

Keystone Elevator 

Norris Elevator 

Irondale Elevator 

Rial to Elevator 

Michigan Central (9) 

Santa Fe 

Mueller 6c Young 

Standard Elevator 

Huck Elevator 

Hales Elevator 

Joliet 

Rock Island "A" 

Belt Elevator 

Central Elevator 



114 



44 



433! 331 32 

163 100 5 
5| 2 

19 3 



15 



107 



55 
1,063 
2,088 
4 

170 
56 
3,219 

528 
193 
4 

47 
51 

4 
15 
10 
85 
108 

4 
61 

9 



32 



207 



39 



1,434 
2,621 
2 
142 
20 
4,060 

494 
163 
5 



270 



1,935 



421 
915 
265 
744 
299 
1,357 
277 
406 
101 
934 
134 
194 
506 
628 



292 



61 
13 

1 
35 
13 

2 .... 
106 .... 

ill.... 



See notes on p. 47. 



Markets 23.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



37 



A table compiled from reports of licensed inspectors, showing the number of cars of shelled 
corn and the grade thereof, etc. — Continued. 



Chicago, 111.— Continued. 

Penna Elevator 

Wabash 

Havford (10) 

Byrnes Elevator 

B. & O. Elevator 

M. & Y. Elevator 

Rockwell Elevator (11). 
Calumet "A" Elevator 
Grand Trunk 



Receipts Dec. 1, 1916, to Apr. 30, 
1917.1 



Grade of corn. 2 



Erie. 



National 

Rosenbaum "A". 
'Rosenbaum"B'\ 
Rosenbaum "C". 

Minnesota 

Armour "A" and 

Bartiett-Frazier 

Cleveland 

Sheldon 

Farmers 

Cragin 

Atlantic 

Badenoch 

Dickinson 

Cincinnati. Ohio: 

Cincinnati Grain Co (12). . . 
Cleveland Grain Co. (13) . . . 

Droste Elevator Co 

Fairmount Elevator (14) . . . 

Ferger Grain Co. (15) 

Perin Bros 

Schmidt & Walker 

Stafford Elevator 

Early & Darnel (16) 

Interstate 

Union Distilling Co 

Union Grain & Hay Co. (17) 

Old 76 Distilling Co 

Geo. Heller 

Clifton Springs Distilling Co 

B. H. Wess 

Dorsel 

McQuillan & Currey 

Cleveland. Ohio: 

Elevator "A" 

Union Elevator 

Erie Elevator 

Big Four 

N. Y. C. & St. L 

Pennsvlvania Elevator 

B. & 6. Elevator 

W. L. E 

Coffeyville. Kans.: 

Rea- Patterson 

Wieson Elevator 

Adria Grain Co 

Columbus. Ohio: 

Keever Starch Co 

Davenport. Iowa: 

Davenport Elevator 

Merchants Elevator 

Denver, Colo.: 

Ady & Crowe 

F. C. Ayers 

J. D. Best Co 

Crescent Mills 

Denver Elevator Co 

Excelsior Mills 

Hungarian Mills 



No. 
3. 



1 17 



112 



53 



57 



No. Sam- 
6. pie 



3 

I 

"i 

28 
22 1 
7 

52j 4! 
36'.... 



Shipments Dec. 1, 1916, to Apr. 30, 
1917.1 



Grade of corn. 2 



2 ... 



46 



3 3J 



No. 
3. 



4 
S 
13 
160 



21 176 



No. No. 

5. I 6. 



See notes on p. 47. 



38 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



A table compiled from reports of licensed inspectors, showing the number of cars of shelled 
corn and the grade thereof, etc. — Continued. 





Receipts Dec. 1, 1916, to Apr. 30, 
1917.1 


Shipments Dec. 1, 1916, to Apr. 30, 
1917.1 




Grade of corn. 2 


Grade of corn. 2 




No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


Xo. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


1 

Xo. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


Xo. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


Denver, Colo. — Continued. 

Summit Grain Co 




13 


32 








2 




9 












Mossman 




1 
























T. B. Hard 




{ 


5 






























2 






























\ 


i 

1 


























1 
































I 
























Spelts 




4 


I 






















Harrineton Mine 




























McClelland 




12 

g 


20 


j 


1 


















Cash Com. Co 




25 


1 




















Omaha Grain Co 




I 


3 






















C. N. Olseen 




4 


6 




1 


























2 






















Flanlev Grain Co 




62 


69 














i 










Cummin ps Grain Co 






2 






















Rankin Bro 




9 


8 











"" 















Wm. Brace 




2 
2 


1 


1 






















E. B. Palmer 




9 
























McCaull & Dinsmore 




18 


20 








.... 




i 
i 






1 




Crete Mills 




2 






















Seldomridge 




44 


32 


3 


■•*ih:: 


1 






i 
i 










Levpold & W 






1 
























Brot & Co 




2 


























Moodv Warren 




17 


21 

6 

























Ewart Grain Co 




i n 

1U 
























Longmont 




re 
00 


47 




2 




1 




3 


3 










S. J. Perkins 




1 
























Robinson ; 




1 


2 
























Trans- Mississippi 






3 
























Fort Collins 


1 


o 
Z 


1 
























Cummin gs 




1 






























1 
























Bossemever Bros 




1 


3 
























Shannon". 




2 


























Crowell 






1 


























1 
























Heath Bro 






! 






















King Elevator 




5 


5 
























Barteldes 




1 


























Farmer Grain Co 




34 


43 
8 




1 


1 


















Field & Slaughter 




5 


1 










1 











J. C. Miller 




1 
























TViesy Grain Co 




2 
























0. M. Kellogg 




3 


2 




1 




















O'Donnell 




74 

6 


60 


2 


3 


1 




2 












Superior Corn Products 




12 






" 1 

















Growers Grain Co 








1 






















Model Mill & Elevator 




1 
























Detroit, Mich.: 

Union Depot Elevator 




14 


132 


11 


4 


3 


1 




45 


392 


6 


















56 
9 






1 




Michigan Central 


3 


28 


1 
















Beck Cereal Co 




1 


11 


1 




1 
















H. C. Carson Co 




5 


105 


6 


2 


3 
2 


1 
















Cauehev Jossman Co 




1 


90 


8 


1 


1 
















Commercial Milling Co 






21 




















Dodd Martin Co 




9 


185 


15 

8 


1 


1 






















135 


1 


1 


















Krause & Apple baum 






1 




















J. S. Lapman Co 




4 


48 


3 






















"Win. Lichtenberg & Son . 






1 
























F. J. Simmons & Co 




3 


58 
1 


2 






















David Stott Elevator 






1 
























Swift Grain Co 




4 


88 


37 


4 


4 


2 




















1 


11 
10 
1 
1 






















E. L. Wellman Co 






1 








.... 


















2 




























1 



















.... 










1 




........ 



















See notes on p. 47. 



Markets23.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



39 



A table compiled from reports of licensed inspectors, showing the number of cars of shelled 
corn and the grade thereof, etc. — Continued. 





Receipts Dec. 1, 1916, to Apr. 30, 
1917.1 


Shipments Dec. 1. 1916, to Apr. 30, 
1917.1 


Grade of corn. 2 


Grade of corn. 2 


No 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No 
5. 


No 
6. 


ivini- 
ple. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No 

Q 
O. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 

1 


Sam- 
ple. 


Duluth, Minn.: 




















2 






Nelson & Peterson . . 




1 


6 
3 

5 
56 
32 
13 
25 
42 
165 
143 
16 
47 
7 
6 
3 
2 
1 
9 


2 


1 


1 














Universal Mills 
















East St. Louis, 111.: 
Burlington 






7 
4 

1 

2 

22 
29 
2 
5 


2 




















Purina 




4 




















Acme 








4 
31 

2 
25 
14 


159 
135 
31 

l l\ 

10 


11 

Q 














1 

5 
2 
2 










1 




Security 




10 
12 
37 
12 
6 
3 


1 

2 
1 
1 










Western 


1 


1 
1 




IS 


2 




Belt 


1 






Glucose 










Dixie Mills 


.... 














Brocklvn 




2 


















Tyler.'. 
















Com Prod 


1 1 


















Bush we 11 




5 























G. & H 
























Eureka 




























Golden Grain 




a 


3 






.. 




1 












Thies Bros 




1 3 
1 12 




















Exchange 




5 
fi 




















Brooklyn St 






IS 


1 


















Southern R . M 




3 




















Rogers 






1 

2 























J. F. Quinlivan & Bro. 
Feed Co 


























Alfocom Milling Co 






8 
24 


3 
4 




2 
1 






















1 


















Eighth & Gratiot 






2 


















Kehlor 




] 
1 



























Lou R. Mills 




























Evansville, Ind.: 

Union Elevator 
















34 


5 










Everett, Wash.: 

Everett Flour Mill 






2 




















Cardie Bros 






3 

3 
5 
4 
5 
























Fort Worth, Tex.: 

Fort Worth Elevator... . 




4 














9 

1 










Panther Citv Grain Co 
























J. Rosen haum 




4 
1 
4 






















Terminal Grain Co 








1 


















Smith Bros. Grain Co 












1 


7 
2 










Walker Grain Co.. . 
















1 






Bewley Mills 






1 

3 


















Collins Grain Co. . 
















2 










Chadwick Grain Co 




1 






















Union Grain Co 




i 

347 










.... 














Fostoria, Ohio: 

Fostoria Grain Elevator "A" 
Fostoria Farmers Elevator 




22 


118 


6 


2 


3 




29 


456 
2 


26 2 

• 


.... 


1 


Fostoria Farmers Exchange 
(18) 


















i 








L. E. & W. Ry. 




















2 








Galveston, Tex.: 

Star Mills 




16 


3 






















Elevator "A" 
























S. P. Warehouse 



























Hammond, Ind.: 

Hammond Elevator 






1 


1 




















Henderson, Ky.: 

Henderson Elevator Co. (19) 
A. Waller Co. (20) 




14 
1 


• 

79 5 
45 9 








607 
593 

23 


21 
170 

1 


























Hutchinson, Kans.: 




















Young & Son Elevator 




1 




















Indianapolis, Ind.: 

Elevator "A" 














14 
49 


916 
407 
7 
110 


274 
2 
2 
12 


16 


7 
1 


2 
1 
















Belt 






















...J 






37 


1 


2 


11 



See notes on p. 47. 



40 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



A table compiled from reports of licensed inspectors, showing the number of cars of shelled 
corn and the grade thereof, etc. — Continued. 





Receipts Dec. 1, 1916, to Apr. 30, 
1917.1 


Shipments Dec. 1. 1916, to Apr. 30, 
1917.1 


Grade of corn. 2 


Grade of corn. 2 


Xo. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


Xo. 
3. 


Xo. 
4. 


Xo. 
5. 


No. 

6 


pie. 


Xo. 
1. 


Xo. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


Xo. 
4 - 


Xo. 
5. 

3 


i 

Xo. 

6. 

9 


Sam- 
ple. 


lllUIaild.pUl.l-3j JLUU. — V. Uil.llJJ.UrU.. 

Indiana 


















62 
98 


718 
834 
1 


114 
8 




















2 


*Rrmnt?i iTrfriTm 






















To plrQn'n *H 1 1 p T-"1q • 

0 dllACUil \ 111" y X Id. • 

Torripq ~R "Rmirc {90} 




1 
2 
1 
2 
10 

2 
4 

8 


2 
2 
3 
5 
7 

1 

6 
1 
2 

10 
5 

11 
1 




















n Af T pwis Pn (93^ 
Snnthpm Grnoprv Pn (94") 






































T O PprmArtTor Pn f9^ 








1 

4 
















f! nn c nl ?H o. tpo 1 f^Tor-PTT* f~*n (Oi\\ 
fiTyin crfoll nw "Pc^H crptt" X* 

k3 LI llltldlU V> - X aUgCtv 

Co (27^ 




1 


1 




































P TV Zarinff A- Pn f9*^ 


























PpninsfnlaT ^CavaI Stnrps 










1 












"\f pVptti y~ Prnpprv fn 
























CumlDGrland. <?c Libert v ^.lills 
Co 




6 
2 
4 
4 








5 
1 
2 
















"RalrAT A* TTnlmp<; 














































'TylPT rirnr*PTT* Pn 






















Flynn-Harris-Bullard Co 




2 1 

4 4 




1 


















W "R Tnhn^nn Pn 






















Afprfin ^ppH Pn 




1 


























n nrH nn Pmr Pn 












1 
















C. E. Guller Co 




1 2 
1 1 






















flpn V Stil7Pr Rrnc 


























A UTaT+in A? Pn 




1 

1 


























P W Rarrlp^nn Pn 




1 








1 
1 
















A S TSalcpr Pn 




1 2 


1 


i 


















C E Smith & Co 




1 


















"F Af Tjnwiintr A- Pn 






1 
1 
























ATTTimTT A" Pn 




























"ETflnVa Itpp Til • 

rv f\i i Arr , ill.. 


















79 

60 
108 














102 


58 


4 
26 
2 
4 
1 
2 
5 










97 
270 


6 
2 












273 168 
54 40 
71 35 
3 4 
41 34 
57 27 
3 1 
1 1 


ii 

-2 


9 


4 






1 


1 
1 






1 1 


Xeola Elevator ''A 






2 




25 14 
33 8 
22 10 


2 












"F 1 mro 1- m» f 1 " 




? 


.... 


2 
2 




2 






1 






29 


3 




1 










1 


T? T TTlflT-nfnr 






























.... 








1 
1 
1 




.. .. 


























1 




































Kansas City, Mo.: 




3 
20 
267 


3 
22 
228 


























6 
18 


1 

3 








174 

359 
42 


53 
461 












1 


.... 


3 


1 


7 


1 








1 


9 














8 


6 






















1 

118 


1 
81 
1 

28 
31 












7 
153 
















7 


1 




1 




142 


2 






3 










Murrav .... 




28 
46 
6 

18 


15 

9 


3 
1 


1 






40 
138 


30 
61 


19 
11 


4 "6 


2 
14 


Milwaukee 












1 
13 

















2 




2 




121 


38 


2 


i ■ 








1 




Wabash 






1 










10 

6 


i 








Norris 




6 














........ 




R van Coal Co 




















........ 




Russell 




5 


I 












8 




2 






Memphis 




2 


4 

1 

2 












































Peppard Seed Co 




1 

18 












5 












Terminal 


.... 






















Southern Mill 




1 
3 


1 
1 


























1 


1 








5 


i3 


2 









See notes on p. 47. 



Markets 23.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 41 



A table compiled from reports of licensed inspectors, showing the number of cars of shelled 
corn and the grade thereof, etc. — Continued. 





Receipts Dec. 1, 1916, to Apr. 30, 
1917.1 


Shipments Dec. 1 . 1916, to Apr. 30, 
1917.1 


Grade of corn. 2 


Grade of corn. 2 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No 
6. 




Sam- 
ple. 



Kansas City. Mo.— Continued. 
Blacker's Warehouse 




1 
2 
1 
4 
1 


5 
3 
6 
1 















Rosedalt 




1 


































4 


IS 
1 
































Katv Mill 
























Solomon Warehouse 




1 

2 
1 
1 
























Shillings 




























Atlas Cereal 




' 

























Neosia, Mo 




















.... 










! 

l 

3 
























Kellv Malt 




























C. & A. Elevator 





























Ransom Warehouse 




5 

























Pierson Lathrop Grain Co 










1 
















Foor Warehouse 




2 


1 
1 






















Tarkis Mol. Feed Co 
























Waggoner Gates Mill 




3 
184 






















Leavenworth, Kans.: 

Kansas Central 




259 25 

| 




1 




351 
3 


254 






















Little Rock, Ark.: 

Iron Mountain 




9 
3 


8 
7 


1 










2 
18 










Cunningham 












17 
1 










Dorragh Co 






















Hav.es Grain & Commission 
Co 








1 




















J. F. Weinman Milling Co 




6 

20 
31 
18 
1 


5 

39 
106 
30 
4 










2 

19 
143 
126 

17 
7 


6 

89 
519 
293 

75 

8 










Louisville, Ky.: 

Thompson Elevator 




3 

35 
6 


2 
7 


2 

6 












f 
1 


Kentuckv Public Elevator 




7 




19 
4 


"'2 


6 


Louisville Elevator. . . 


1 


Electric Elevator 










Big Four Elevator 




















1 


Yerhoeff Elevator 


















5 
2 









Freuchtenicht Elevator. . . 


















2 










H. V. & Co 




1 


2 






















Stitzel Distilling Co 

Louisville Cereal Mills Co 














1 
1 

7 
12 

2 


















Memphis, Tenn.: 

Bluff City Grain Co. (29).... 
Valley Elevator 


. 


47 


88 
5 
106 
65 
47 
49 
35 
40 
4 
15 
27 
4 


4 
1 

10 






1 




8 

67 
4 








2 






11 


.... 




Davis & Andrews (30) 


3 
1 
3 


50 
19 
25 
6 
9 
4 
5 
7 
5 
2 


2 


1 


1 










International Sugar Co 










Riverside Elevator (31) 


2 
3 
1 


1 








13 


6 








Superior Feed Co 


1 












Union Elevator (32) 


2 




2 
5 


52 
76 


238 
204 
4 
11 


21 
13 


•- 1 


4 


J. Wade £ Sons Elevator(33) 






1 


Merchants Elevator 




2 










Mississippi Elevator (34) 




1 








7 


2 




2 


Central Elevator (35) 


2 


2 










W. C. Earlv Warehouse (30) 




































5 










Shanks Phillips Warehouse 
(38) 




2 
5 
50 


1 

6 
157 


1 




















Buckeve Cotton Co 


1 






















Broad wav Mill 


16 




.... 


1 










T 




Jones & Rogers 


1 

.... 
















Lamar Warehouse 


1 























Memphis Milling Co 




1 

753 
214 
1 




........ 
















Milwaukee, Wis.: 

Elevator "A" 


.... 
2 


205 
25 


258 
104 
1 


36 11 
8 3 


r> 




41 
184 


156 
1 9Qft 


9 

1 

14 
42 
106 
6 

I 






Elevator "E" 


a.... 








Hecker Cereal Co 




6 12 
1 5 
27 122 




1 




Interstate Malt Elevator 














P. C. Kamm Elevator 




21 
9 
15 


77 
29 
182 
27 
36 
9 


20 
16 
98 
15 
5 
9 


4 
8 
10 
1 

.... 


1 

2 
2 




3 
17 
15 






Jas. Lvman Elevator 




2.... 
a 


6 
49 

9 


87 
567 
26 
42 
16 


4 


5 
1 


Rialto Elevator 




J. M. Riebs 








Smith Parrv Co 




7 
1 


2 

























See notes on p. 47. 



42 BUREAU OF MARKETS. [S. R. A. 



A table compiled from reports of licensed inspectors, showing the number of cars of shelled 
corn and the grade thereof, etc. — Continued. 





Receipts Dec. 1, 1916, to Apr. 30, 
1917.1 


Shipments Dec. 1, 1916, to Apr. 30, 
1917.1 


Grade of corn. 2 


Grade of corn. 2 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. No. 
3. 4. 


No. 

5. 


Xo. Sam- 
6. j pie. 


No. 
i. 


Inc. 

2. 


No. No. 
3. 4. 


No. 

5. 


No. 

6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


Milwaukee ^Vis. Continued. 

Milwaukee 




1 

40 


50 
90 




















Mill Road 


2 


37 
1 


4 


i i 













Chestnut Street 












Wcndfcs Elevator 






3 


1 








3 










j^gg^j Str66t T6rrnin3.1 




1 


1 3 
1 4 

















N&tioG&l Distilling Co 










1 








TFnirtn Rtrt#*Tr 






1 

3 








::::::::: 










Courteeii Seed Co 




















Wo enn SpqIp 








1 




















C.N. W 




82 


343 


131 
59 
112 

26 
66 
43 


21 
13 
17 

1 
3 
4 
3 
2 
1 
7 


7 

**8 

2 
2 
1 
2 
1 


3 
4 
3 














C. M. & St. Paul 




48 217 
57 437 

21 107 

22 108 
15 103 































Minneapolis, Minn.; 

Soo Elevator 




3.... 


9 
11 
21 

3 
8 


216 44 
242 91 

300, 78 
339' 83 
165 43 
39 30 
495' 155 
35 11 
242i 68 
58 24 
94 16 
701 14 
256 62 
16 11 
204: 85 
124 48 


3 

9 
8 
4 

""'3 
6 


1 

4 
2 
1 
1 


2 
9 
5 


Twin Citv Elevator 




2 .... 


Dickinson Elevator 






i 


Great Western Elevator . . . 
Interior Elevator 


1 


18' 187 54 
15 92 14 

2 37 9 
37 210 67 

3 17 5 
13 96 47 

2 11 13 


2 
















5 


2 




16 
2 
6 


3 


5 






Calumet Elevator 




4 


3 


3 




19 
2 
2 
2 
5 

"2 
2 


2 


2 
1 


St A nth nnv Ele va t nr __ 




Interstate Elevator 


2 
4 
9 
1 

16 
1 


17 9 
25 2 
64 29 
20 7 

153 55 

46 20 
9 5 

10 16 

47 23 

18 10 
9 . 3 
7 1 
5 2 
4 6 






1 






Diamond Elevator 




"i 


1 

1 




1 

4 






Concrete Elevator 




1 
1 

2 
6 
7 
1 
1 




.... 

1 
1 


1 
3 
2 
1 


Gonld Elpvatnr . _ 






2 
2 

.... 

1 
1 


1 
2 
1 
1 




2 
1 


Elevator "K" 


Phelps Elevator 


2 
2 
113 




Northeast Elevator 


3 
4 
4 




1 

3 








1 
1 




33 


1 
1 

5 

1 
1 




Exchange Elevator 


• 


40 18 
21 22 
113 20 


Marfield Elevator. . „ 








1 
1 
1 






"2 
1 


1 
1 


Star Elevator 




3 








2 






2 
1 




5 
11 
1 


6 
12 


Republic Elevator 




1 






























1 

16 

3 












4 
25 






2 
3 


Elevator "X" 




3 
1 
1 
1 
2 


15 


1 








49 






Dplmar Elpvatnr 




















20 
29 
15 


12 
3 
4 




1 








28 
75 
73 
2 
24 
1 
4 


15 
9 
31 


2 
5 
6 






Grpat Xorthprn Elpvatnr . ! 








1 




Shoreham Elevator 




1 


1 


2 




















Terminal Elevator 






41 
2 


19 


2 




1 






8 




1 




Elevator "S" 












Elpvatnr "TT" 






1 

53 

1 

2 
1 








1 
2 






2 








North Star Eppri Elpvatnr ! 


20 


26 


4 


.... 






1 






















Dibble Elevator 






1 






















Station "A"' Elevator 


























St. Cloud Elevator 


























Equity St. Paul Elevator 






1 

2 














1 
3 
1 








Elevator "C" . 








8 
2 
1 
9 
1 






1 






9 
2 








Capital Mill E levator 














1 






Con S. "A" 




















Lake 


4 


4 


3 










12 


4 


5 


1 

.... 


1 


Pioneer 










Stewart Elevator 


1 


1 






1 








1 




















1 








Elpvatnr "TV 


















1 








Missouri \ alley, Iowa: 

Missouri Vallev Elevator Co 




276 
27 

4 
2 
1 
1 


377 
25 

6 
3 
1 
1 


IS 


8 


9 


8 
1 




38S 


367 








Updike Grain Co 












Mobile, Ala.: 

McMillan & Harrison 








1 






1 










J. Mertz & Co 






















Dixie Grain Co 


































1 















See notes on p. 47. 



Markets 23.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



43 



A table compiled from reports of licensed inspectors, shouing the number of cars of shelled 
corn and the grade thereof, etc. — Continued. 





Receipts Dec. 1 , 1916, to Apr. 30, 
1917.1 


Shipments Dec. 1, 1916, to Apr. 30, 
1917.1 


Grade of corn. - 


Grade of corn. 2 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 

5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 

5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


AioDiie, Aia.— •Lontinuea. 


1 


3 




























1 




























4 
1 

84 
4 

175 
42 
15 
4 

3 
4 

18 
2 

42 
63 
55 
29 
27 
12 




















































*N oMl\ UR, X K 11 11. . 

( onimercial Elevator (39)... 


3 


20 
2 

24 
107 

33 

10 
2 
1 


15 




1 






34 
1 
21 

62 


68 
2 
107 
176 


4 


















TT^rTti it -i or** TR! Iatto tar 




15 
67 
5 
5 
1 


3 
9 


1 

3 






3 

18 








\ ■!< li \ " i 1 ] 1^ I*" 1 \ t nr 


4 


6 




3 


1 














1 






22 


20 
1 






1 




T A Ar Ci 1j TnnPQ 














American Elonr & Grain Co . 




1 




3 




1 


























Chestnut Street Warehouse 




18 
12 
30 
44 
27 
16 
26 
6 












5 


1 










I.T. Rhea 


2 


2 
11 

7 
8 


















OillottP firkin Cn /'4'^^ 










44 

3 


24 
5 










T P TTcilo A* flnno fAA\ 


1 

3 


















l^^^t AT il 1 Ar FWrl Pa 


1 
















Rex Mill & Feed Co 










2 
47 












3 


1 
1 


2 




1 




15 


11 


1 






Tennessee Grain Co. (46) 






Tnhn \ Tvnar At Pn ( A7\ 














1 










TT-irch ( I ro In /.iO 




4 
3 
2 
























Terminal Elevator (-49) 
























































Jones Mill & Elevator 




1 
1 
























New Albany, Ind.i 




1 

5 
7 












65 


6 

34 
75 










New Orleans, La.* 


























1 
14 






































4, 274 
498 










Stuyvcsant Doclcs Elevator. 




56 


95 


30 


2 








7 
















2 

240 








Neu port News, Va.: 

C* At C\ TT InvotAr U V* J1 




9 


227 

8 

15 

2, 257 
600 


2 
1 

40 

198 
74 


















Southern Peed Co. Elevator . 




















New L Ini , M'ihtIt* 

roffln PnlW Afillc Cn 


























New ^ ork . (rreater; 
Erie 




406 
140 
1 

30 
8 

230 
1 


6 
11 


13 


4 

5 




32 
20 


2,489 
690 
564 
20 
99 










Lehigh Valley 












D L & W 
















83 
83 
2,255 
1 


5 

185 


2 
2 
11 








3 










Matitic vl xtoti io r? T? 




1 

26 














\Vo<t ^hnro 


1 


13 




85 


9 fttfi 


1 




2 


Edgewater 












2 
2 






















1> Ul IUJ K . \ «.! . . 

T IT f'rvfor Pa / Tnn \ 




23 22 
1 2 










4 


2 










T \f nvrolf"naTT A 1 - 




















Colonial Cereal 




2 
9 
3 
2 

15 
1 


1 
























Tin \-ic \f i 1 1 illcr Cr\ 


























S. D. Scott & Co 




























Citv Hay and Grain 




1 
























Oklahoma City. Okla.: 

Hardeman & King 


1 
2 












1 












Oklahoma Citv Mill 
























Cash Feed Store 




1 






















Cherokee Grain Co 






1 






















Omaha, Nebr.: 




1 


1 










22 
153 


417 
734 
2 


10 

7 


8 
2 


.... 


1 


Crowell Elevator 




8 




1 






Casco Mill 
















Droge Elevator Co 




4 
1 
1 


2 
9 
7 






















Holmquist Elevator 

Hvnes drain Co 




1 

3 


1 


.... 


1 




196 


653 


10 


3 




1 






1 






7 


! 




.. 1 





See notes on p. 47. 



44 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



A table compiled from reports of licensed inspectors, showing the number of cars of shelled 
corn and the grade thereof, etc. — Continued. 





Receipts Dec. 1, 1916, to Apr. 30, Shipments Dec. 1, 1916. to Apr. 30, 
1917.1 1917.1 


Grade of corn. 2 


Grade of corn. 2 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. No. 
5. 6. 


■-•am- 
ple. 


Omaha, Nebr. — Continued. 






2 












181 
60 

66 
77 

2 

224 


449 
287 
187 
212 
4 

524 

1 
261 
1,605 
102 


5 
4 
1 


i 










2 






1 










1 


Nye-Schneider-Fowler Co. . . 










1 


iri 






1 


1 
























1 

5 

1 

26 
12 
6 








Trans-Mississippi Elevator 




8| 6 


4 










i 




1 


















1 

5 


1 

14 
1 
1 










1 


85 
274 
24 


i 

4 










2 


1 






2 
1 




















1 






















1 


























1 






































8 


31 


1 














1 
2 
2 
1 
1 
9 
1 






















1 
1 
























































1 








7 


34 




























■■ 








2 




1 




























































1 


1 
1 
1 






.... 








2 








1 


1 






































1 
1 
1 

143 

638 
236 

770 
45 
210 
1 


























1 












































Pekin, 111.: 




15 

19 

8 


78 

177 
118 

105 

9 
36 


10 

6 
11 

18 
1 

3 


8 

14 
14 

5 
2 
1 


41 

18 
25 

1 
1 

15 




2 

3 
2 

94 


42 

832 
475 

676 
3 
2S0 










Peoria, 111.: 




218 
14 




16 


1 






Philadelphia. Pa.: 


in 








Keystone 


fi 22 














2 




41 


q 






2 






i - 1 






Hunsberger Warehouse 




1 




















Thirty-first and Chestnut . . . 


2 




7 
10 
1 
2 
1 


















1 


s 












































1 
1 
1 

6 










































Twentv-third Street Stores.. 




\ 




1 
















Pier 10, North Wharf 


1 


10 
1 


3 


















Pittsburgh. Pa.: 

Central Elevator Co. (50) , . 












3 




4 

1 
1 


1 


1 




Exchange Elevator Co. 












1 
1 

34 




Iron Citv Elevator (52) 






3 


















Portland. Me.: 
























Richmond, Va.: 

Overman-Williamson 




1 
1 


1 






















Mavo Milling Co 










1 
















Sc. Cloud, Minn.: 




8 

42 
13 
15 
7 






















St. Joseph, Mo.: 




25 
7 
5 

19 












283 
355 
1 

212 
321 


12S 
170 
2 

73 
124 


1 

3 






1 


St Tn^pnh Pnhlir F.lpvatnr 


















C. Gt. W. Ry 


4 


















C. B. & Q. Elevator 










1 


























7 


15 


1 












Rock Island 


3 3 






4 
13 
1 


4 
2 








Grand Island 








.... 



















See notes on p. 47. 



Markets 23.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



45 



A table compiled from reports of licensed inspectors, showing the number of cars of shelled 
corn and the grade thereof, etc. — Continued. 





Receipts Dec. 1, 1916, to Apr. 30, 
1917.1 


Shipments Dec. 1, 1916, to Apr. 30, 
1917.1 


Grade of corn. 2 




Grade of corn. 2 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 

6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


No. 
1. 


No. 
2. 


No. 
3. 


No. 
4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


St. Louis, Mo.: 

Burlington 


2 
1 


105 
13 
2 


357 
42 
1 
6 
14 
130 
128 
40 
18 
8 
25 
6 


146 
6 


25 
2 


16 


10 


13 


275 


509 








4 


Purina 
























Valley Mills 














1 
1 

67 
175 
10 
2 


3 










2 
67 
22 

2 

6 
3 
1 
1 


4 
64 
30 

5 


2 
6 
3 








18 


1 








Exchange 




1 


1 




3021 9 
488 1 
80 1 


1 


1 




Brooklyn Street (53) 


3 







Central B 


1 














14 








Rogers 












3 








12 


2 










"Western 


i 
1 










Chamberlain 














Lou R. Mills 














1 








5 








1 


1 1 








2 
3 

20 

! 






1 






| i 


Belt 




45 6 
79 14 








2 
1 






Glucose 




2 






1 




Bush well 




2 
Q 














Dixie Mills 




3 










1 










2 
4 


44 4 



















Southern R. M 




6 

1 
1 
1 

4 




















J. F. Quinlivan & Bro. Feed 
Co 
















































...... 


Eighth and Gratiot 


























Corn Products 




1 





















'•""I 


Acme 




29 
1 


5 




















Hazel 
























Pruntvs 




1 




























2 
4 
6 
2 


5 
5 






















Golden Grain 




g 
1 

1 

I 

2 
2 
4 
4 

3 














































Thuss 




1 






















Salina, Kans.: 

Western Star Elevator 
























Seattle, Wash.: 

Spokane Grain Co 




5 
11 
31 
40 
15 
42 
5 
9 
1 

206 


1 
1 






















Hammond Milling Co 
























Fisher Flouring Mills 
























C. H. Lilly Co 




3 
1 
1 
1 






















Lehmann 
























Albers Bros. Milling Co 
























W. F. Jahn & Co 




























I 






















Nove'.tv Mill Co 


























Sheldon, 111.: 

Cleveland Grain Co 




3 


56 


6 


2 


1 




1 
1 

3 
6 


196 

1 

24 


70 


5 


1 




Darrow Farmers Grain Co. . 






Sioux City, Iowa: 




18 


116 
4 
1 


14 










2 








Akron Milling Co 


















C. J. Milligan Elevator 






3 
1 


















Leeds Mill 

















14 

2 


2 








Mystic Milling Co 






2 
19 


















Sioux City Stock Yards 




3 


3 
































27 
34 
57 
51 


12 

34 
43 
30 










Nye-Schneider-Fowler Co 


















2 








Bosserneyer Bros 












































' J ... 




Superior, Wis.: 

J. L. Ross 






4 
3 


3 
1 


















Duluth-Superior Mill Co 




2 
1 






















Daisy Mill 
























<l. EL. St. John 




1 

3 
15 
























Tacoina, Wash.: 




1 
1 
























Albers Bros 




























.... 


5 

























See notes on p. 47. 



46 BUREAU OF MARKETS. [S.R.A. 



A table compiled from reports of licensed inspectors, showing the number of cars of shelled 
corn and the grade thereof, etc. — Continued. 





Receipts Dec. 1, 1916, to Apr. 30, 
1917.1 


Shipments Dec. 1, 1916, to Apr. 30. 
1917.* 


Grade of corn. 2 


Grade of corn. : 


Xo. 
1. ' 


Xo. 
2. 


Xo. Xo. 
3. 4. 


No. 
5. 


No. 
6. 


Sam- 
ple. 


Xo 


Xo. Xo 
2. 3. 


Xo. 
4. 


Xo 
5." 


Xo. 
6. 


bant- 
pie. 


Tacoma, Wash.— Continued. 
P. J. Fransioli A: Co 






lJ 1 
fi 1 






















J. B. Stevens & Co 


























W. H. Kenworthv & Sons 




3 

2 
1 


6 

3 
8 
1 
























Puyallup & Sumner Fruit- 
growers Association 


























Coast Trading Co 


























Kerstone Cereal Co 


























Terre Haute, Ind.: 

Vigo 




74 
10 
11 

5 


605 
46 


106 
5 
169 


10 


13 


7 
1 
1 
14 




• 

954 


2S9 










Commercial Distilling Co . 












American Hominv Co 




18 
7 


3 




















59l7i 84 
















CottrellBros 




4 

68 








2 

8 
49 
136 

73 
2 










Toledo. Ohio: 

Central Elevator (54) 




3 
4 
2 

6 

5 
28 


26 


1 

I 

18 
3 
4 


1 

7 
1 












3 


2 


C. H. & D -'B'' 




56 25 
126 62 

243 145 
107 40 
227 25 


5 
1 




5 

5 


5 
51 

4 




East Side Iron Elevator 




2 

6 
2 


.... 


1 






Lake Shore Elevator "B"' 
(55) 






















Hastell Mill 
























2 
6 


1 








Lake Erie Mill 




6 
1 

1 

2 


471 7 
99 8 






















2 


















Topeka, Kans.: 




4 

\ 

6 
1 
2 
2 






















Kaw Mill 








.... 







14 


2 










Billiard Mill 























Wellington. Kans.: 

n'Mli'nrrTAn A rill A- TT1 £}T~a +/~*T 

Co 




1 
























Larrabee Corporation 








... 


















J. D. Infield 




























J. R. Williamson Grain Co . 




2 






.... 



















L. H. Powell &Co 




1 
1 




























1 
























Wichita, Elans.: 












1 


2 
4 
























3 










Winchester. Ind-.: 




10 






.... 






3 40 


2 

























See notes on p. 47. 



Markets 23.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



47 



1 In terms of carloads. 

2 The figures appearing in this table in the columns headed by the numerical designations show the total 
number of cars, including white corn, yellow corn, and mixed corn, received and shipped from the ele- 
vators indicated. 

(1) Shelled corn shipped on sample or typo, 74.486 bushels. 

(2) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 9,665 bushels. 

(3) Shelled corn received on sample or type, 41.3S2 bushels; shipped, 15,096. 

(4) Shelled corn shipped on sample or typo, 19,976 bushels. 

(5) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 7,500 bushels. 

(6) Shelled corn received on sample or type, 26,000 bushels; shipped, 18,634 bushels. 

(7) Shelled corn received on sample or type, 5.000 bushels. 

(s) Shelled corn received on sample or type, 47.5(H) bushels; shipped, 4,120 bushels. 
('.)) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 15,000 bushels. 

(10) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 008,419 bushels. 

(11) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 133,700 bushels. 

(12) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 18,038 bushels. 

(13) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 8,706 bushels. 

(14) Shelled corn received on sample or typo, 51,841 bushels; shipped 52,494 bushels. 

(15) Shelled corn received on sample or typo, 4,200 bushels; shipped 164,000 bushels. 

(16) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 12,110 bushels. 

(17) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 2.362 bushels. 

(18) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 4,404 bushels. 

(19) Shelled corn received on sample or type, 351,286 bushels. 

(20) Shelled corn received on sample or type, 280,438 bushels. 

21) Shelled corn received on sample or type, 24,971 bushels; shipped, 22,180 bushels. 

22) Shelled corn received on sample or type, 2, -165 bushels. 

(23) Shelled corn received on sample or type, 5,705 bushels; shipped 5,705 bushels. 

(24) Shelled corn received on sample or type, 3,571 bushels. 

(25) Shelled corn received on sample or type, 6,911 bushels: shipped 6,911 bushels. 

(26) Shelled corn received on sample or type, 21,163 bushels. 

(27) Shelled corn received on sample or type, 4,373 bushels. 

(28) Shelled corn received on sample or type, 11,309 bushels. 

(29) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 204,593 bushels. 

(30) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 6,300 bushels. 

(31 ) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 71,921 bushels. 

(32) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 80,978 bushels. 

(33) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 75,658 bushels. 

(34) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 17,323 bushels. 

(35) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 15,522 bushels. 

(36) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 9,170 bushels. 

(37) Shelled corn received on sample or type, 98,795 bushels; shipped 115,821 bushels. 

(38) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 5,180 bushels. 

(39) Shelled corn shipped on sample' or type, 41,750 bushels. 

(40) Shelled corn received on sample or type, 1,125 bushels; shipped 1,500 bushels. 

(41) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 63,570 busttels. 

(42) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 79,500 bushels. 

(43) Shelled corn shipped on sample or t ype, 91,160 bushels. 

(44) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 125,476 bushels. 

(45) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 250 bushels. 

46) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 47,670 bushels. 

47) Shelled corn received on sample or type, 1,613 bushels. 

(48) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 47,581 bushels. 

(49) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 1,440 bushels. 

(50) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 279,152 bushels. 

(51) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 347,320 bushels. 

(52) Shelled corn shipped on sample or typo, 155.843 bushels. 

(53) Shelled corn shipped on sample or type, 1,054 bushels. 

(54) Shelled corn received on sample or type, 117,055 bushels. 

(55) Shelled corn received on sample or type, 402,000 bushels. 



ADDITIONAL COPIES 

OF THIS PUBLICATION MAY BE PROCURED FROM 
THE SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS 
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
"WASHINGTON, D. C. 
AT 

5 CENTS PER COPY 



WASHINGTON T GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE ! 1917 



7 




United States Department of Agriculture, 

BUREAU OF MARKETS, » 
Ciiaru:s J. Brand, Chief. 



SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 

No. 24 

UNITED STATES GRAIN STANDARDS ACT 
Supervision Districts 



Issued September 8, 1917. 



WASHINGTON : GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1917 



p 




United States Department of Agriculture, 

BUREAU OF MARKETS, 
Charles J. Brand, Chief. 



SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS 

No. 24 

UNITED STATES GRAIN STANDARDS ACT 
Supervision Districts 



Issued September S, 1917. 



ADDITIONAL COPIES 

OP THIS PUBLICATION MAY BE PROCURED FROM 
THE SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS 
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
WASHINGTON, D. C. 
AT 

5 CENTS PER COPY 



S. R. A.— Markets 24. 

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 

BUREAU OF MARKETS. 

CHARLES J. BRAND, Chief. 



SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

No. 24. 1 



UNITED STATES GRAIN STANDARDS ACT. 
SUPERVISION DISTRICTS. 1 



CONTENTS. 



Designation of districts and headquarters 
thereof In accordance with the rules and 
regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture 
□Bder the United States grain standards 
act 1 



Page. 

List showing the district or districts to winch 
the States or Territories and the District of 

Columbia are assigned 38 

Index of district headquarters 39 

Numerical index of districts 39 



DESIGNATION OF DISTRICTS AND HEADQUARTERS THEREOF IN 
ACCORDANCE WITH THE RULES AND REGULATIONS OF THE 
SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE UNDER THE UNITED STATES GRAIN 
STANDARDS ACT. 

The portions of the United States denned below are designated as districts, and 
the city named as headquarters of each district is designated as the headquarters of 
sucli district, for the purposes of the administration of the United States grain stand- 
ards Act of August 11, 1916 (39 Stat. L., 482): 

DISTRICT NO. 1. 

HEADQUARTERS, BOSTON, MASS. 
CONNECTICUT. 

In the STATE OF CONNECTICUT, the counties of: 

New London. Tolland. Windham. 

MAINE. 

The entire STATE OF MAINE. 

MASSACHUSETTS. 

The entire STATE OF MASSACHUSETTS. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

The entire STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

RHODE ISLAND. 

The entire STATE OF RHODE ISLAND. 



i Pre 1 lotu numbers in this series which relate to the United States gram standards act are Nos. 11 to 15, 
17 to 1<), 22 to 23. This announcement is a revision of No. 14. 

3 



BUSEAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



VERMONT. 

The entire STATE OF VERMONT. 

DISTRICT NO. 2. 

HEADQUARTERS, NEW YORK, N. Y. 
CONNECTICUT. 

In the STATE OF CONNECTICUT, the counties of: 

Fairfield. Litchfield. New Haven. 



Hartford. 



In the STATE OF 



Middlesex. 

NEW JERSEY. 

NEW JERSEY, the counties of: 



Bergen. 


Middlesex. 


Sussex. 


Essex. 


Monmouth. 


Union. 


Hudson. 


Morris. 


Warren. 


Hunterdon. 


Passaic. 




Mercer. 


Somerset. 






NEW YORK. 




the STATE OF NEW YORK, the counties of: 




Albany. 


Hamilton. 


Rockland. 


Bronx. 


Kings. 


Saratoga. 


Broome. 


Montgomery. 


Schenectady 


Chenango. 


Nassau. 


Schoharie. 


Clinton. 


New York. 


Suffolk. 


Columbia. 


Orange. 


Sullivan. 


Delaware. 


Otsego. 


Ulster. 


Dutchess. 


Putnam. 


Warren. 


Essex. 


Queens. 


Washington. 


Fulton. 


Rensselaer. 


Westchester. 


Greene. 


Richmond. 





In the STATE OF 

Lackawanna, 
Monroe. 
Northampton. 



PENNSYLVANIA. 

PENNSYLVANIA, the counties of: 
Pike. 

Susquehanna. 



Wvoniing. 



Wayne. 

PORTO RICO. 

The TERRITORY OF PORTO RICO. 

DISTRICT NO. 3. 

HEADQUARTERS, PHILADELPHIA, PA. 
DELAWARE. 

The entire STATE OF DELAWARE. 

NEW JERSEY. 

In the STATE OF NEW JERSEY, the counties of: 



Atlantic. 

Burlington. 

Camden. 



Cape May. 

Cumberland. 

Gloucester. 



Ocean. 
Salem. 



Markets 24.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



5 



PENNSYLVANIA. 

In the STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA, the counties of: 



Berks. 

Bucks. 

Carbon. 

Chester. 

Columbia. 

Dauphin. 

Delaware. 



Lancaster. 

Lebanon. 

Lehigh. 

Luzerne. 

Lycoming. 

Montgomery 

Montour. 



Northumberland. 

Philadelphia. 

Schuylkill. 

Snyder. 

Sullivan. 

Union . 



And in the county of CLINTON, all stations on the White Deer & Logan ton 
Railway. (See District No. 5.) 

DISTRICT NO. 4. 

HEADQUARTERS, BUFFALO, N. Y. 
NEW YORK. 

In the STATE OF NEW YORK, the counties of: 



Allegany. 


Chemung. 


Genessee. 


Cattaraugus. 


Cortland. 


Herkimer. 


Cayuga. 


Erie. 


Jefferson. 


Chautauqua. 


Franklin. 


Lewis. 


Livingston. 


Ontario. 


Steuben. 


Madison. 


Orleans. 


Tioga. 


Monroe. 


Oswego. 


Tompkins. 


Niagara. 


St. Lawrence. 


Wayne. 


Oneida. 


Schuyler. 


Wyoming. 


Onondaga. 


Seneca. 


Yates. 



PENNSYLVANIA. 

In the STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA, the counties of: 



Bradford. 
McKean. 



Potter. 
Tioga. 



Warren. 



The county of CRAWFORD, except stations south and west of Saegerstown 
on the Erie Railroad, and stations on the Bessemer & Lake Erie Railroad, the 
Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Railway, the Pennsylvania Lines West of 
Pittsburgh, and on the Erie Railroad south and west of Saegerstown (see District 
No. 14); 

And the county of ERIE, except stations south and west of Erie on the Besse- 
mer & Lake Erie Railroad, the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Railway, the 
New York, Chicago & St. Louis Railroad, and the Pennsylvania Lines West of 
Pittsburgh (see District No. 14). 

DISTRICT NO. 5. 

HEADQUARTERS, PITTSBURGH, PA. 
MARYLAND. 



In the STATE OF MARYLAND, the counties of: 

Allegany. Garrett. 



6 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



OHIO. 

In the STATE OF OHIO, the counties of: 

Belmont. Harrison. Muskingum. 

Carroll. Jefferson. Noble. 

Columbiana. Monroe. Tuscarawas. 

Guernsey. Morgan. Washington. 

The county of COSHOCTON, except Roscoe and stations north and vest 
thereof and stations north of Trinway on the Pennsylvania Lines West of Pitts- 
burgh (see District No. 14); 

And in the county of LICKING, Newark and all stations east thereof on the 
Pennsylvania Lines West of Pittsburgh, and all stations on the Baltimore & Ohio 
Railroad east and south of Newark (see Districts Nos. 11 and 14). 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

In the STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA, the counties of: 



Allegheny. 


Center. 


Indiana. - 


Armstrong. 


Clarion. 


Jefferson. 


Beaver. 


Clearfield. 


Lawrence. 


Bedford. 


Elk. 


Mercer. 


Blair. 


Fayette. 


Somerset. 


Butler. 


Forest. 


Venango. 


Cambria. 


Greene. 


Washington. 


Cameron. 


Huntingdon . 


Westmoreland. 


And the county of CLINTON, except stations on the White Deer 


Railway. 


(See District No. 3.) 






WEST VIRGINIA. 




the STATE 


OF WEST VIRGINIA, the counties of: 




Barbour. 


Calhoun. 


Hancock. 


Braxton. 


Doddridge. 


Harrison. 


Brooke. 


Gilmer. 


Lewis. 


Marion. 


Pleasants. 


Upshur. 


Marshall. 


Preston. 


Webster. 


Monongalia. Ritchie. 


Wetzel. 


Nicholas. 


Taylor. 


Wirt, 


Ohio'. 


Tyler. 


Wood. 



And in the county of RANDOLPH, Weaver and all stations on the Alexander & 
Eastern Railway, the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, and the Pickens & Hacker's 
Valley Railroad. (See District No. 6.) 

DISTRICT NO. 6. 

HEADQUARTERS, BALTIMORE, MD. 
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. 

The DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. 

In the STATE OF MARYLAND, Baltimore City, and the counties of: 

Anne Arundel. Dorchester. Queen Annes. 

Baltimore. Frederick. St. Marys. 

Calvert. Harford. Somerset. 

Caroline. Howard. Talbot. 

Carroll. Kent. Washington. 

Cecil. Montgomery. Wicomico. 

Charles. Prince Georges. Worcester. 



Markets 24.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



NORTH CAROLINA. 

Iu the STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA, the counties of: 



Alamance. 


Gates. 


Person. 


Alleghany. 


Granville. 


Pitt. 


Ashe. 


Greene. 


Rockingham. 


Beau fori . 


Guilford. 


Stokes. 


Bertie. 


Halifax 


Surry. 


Camden. 


Hertford. 


Tyrrell. 


Carteret. 


Hyde. 


Vance. 


Caswell. 


Jones. 


Wake. 


Chowan. 


Lenoir. 


Warren. 


Craven. 


Martin. 


Washington. 


Currituck. 


Nash. 


Watauga. 


Dare. 


Northampton. 


Wayne. 


Duplin. 


Onslow. 


Wilkes. 


Durham. 


Orange. 


Wilson. 


Edgecombe. 


Pamlico. 


Yadkin. 


Forsyth. 


Pasquotank. 




Franklin. 


Perquimans. 






PENNSYLVANIA. 




the STATE OF 


PENNSYLVANIA the counties of: 




Adams. 


Fulton. 


Perry. 


Cumberland. 


Juniata. 


York. 


Franklin. 


Mifflin. 






VIRGINIA. 




the STATE OF VIRGINIA, the counties of: 




Accomac. 


Elizabeth City. 


Loudoun. 


Albermarle. 


Essex. 


Louisa. 


Alexandria. 


Fairfax. 


Lunenburg. 


Alleghany. 


Fauquier. 


Madison. 


Amelia. 


Floyd. 


Mathews. 


Amherst. 


Fluvanna. 


Mecklenburg. 


Appomattox. 


Franklin. 


Middlesex. 


Augusta. 


Frederick. 


Montgomery. 


Bath. 


Giles. 


Nansemond. 


Bedford. 


Gloucester. 


Nelson. 


Bland. 


Goochland. 


New Kent. 


Botetourt. 


Grayson. 


Norfolk. 


Brunswick. 


Greene. 


Northampton. 


Buckingham. 


Greensville. 


Northumberland. 


Campbell. 


Halifax. 


Nottoway. 


Caroline. 


Hanover. 


Orange. 
Page. 


Carroll. 


Henrico. 


Charles City. 


Henry. 


Patrick. 


Charlotte. 


Highland. 


Pittsylvania. 


Chesterfield. 


Isle of Wight. 


Powhatan. 


Clarke. 


James City. 


Prince Edward. 


Craig. 


King and Queen. 


Prince George. 


Culpeper. 


King George. 


Princess Anne. 


Cumberland. 


King William. 


Prince William. 


Dinwiddie. 


Lancaster. 


Pulaski. 



8 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[ S. R. A. 



Rappahannock. 

Richmond. 

Roanoke. 

Rockbridge. 

Rockingham. 

Shenandoah. 



Smyth. 

Southampton. 

Spotsylvania. 

Stafford. 

Surry. 

Sussex. 



Warren. 

Warwick. 

Westmoreland. 

Wythe. 

York. 



Pocahontas. 

Summers. 

Tucker. 



And the county of WASHINGTON, except all stations on the Virginia & 
Southwestern Railway north and west of Bristol. (See District No. 10.) 

WEST VIRGINIA. 

In the STATE OF WEST VIRGINIA, the counties of: 
Berkeley. Jefferson. 
Grant. Mineral. 
Greenbrier. Monroe. 
Hampshire. Morgan. 
Hardy. Pendleton. 

In the county of FAYETTE, all stations on the Sewell Valley Railroad (see 
District Xo. 11); 

And the county of RANDOLPH, except Weaver and stations on the Alex- 
ander & Eastern Railway, the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, and the Pickens & 
Hacker's Valley Railroad (see District No. 5). 

DISTRICT NO. 8. 1 

HEADQUARTERS, ATLANTA, GA. 
ALABAMA. 

In the STATE OF ALABAMA, the counties of: 



Autauga. 


Coosa. 


Lowndes. 


Barbour. 


Covington. 


Macon. 


Bibb. 


Crenshaw. 


Marshall. 


Blount. 


Dale. 


Montgomerv 


Bullock. 


Dekalb. 


Pike. 


Calhoun. 


Elmore. 


Randolph. 


Chambers. 


Etowah. 


Russell. 


Cherokee. 


Geneva. 


St. Clair. 


Chilton. 


Henry. 


Shelby. 


Clay. 


Houston. 


Talladega. 


Cleburne. 


Jefferson. 


Tallapoosa. 


Coffee. 


Lee. 





And in the county of DALLAS, Selma and all stations east thereof on the 
Western Railway of Alabama. (See District No. 26.) 

FLORIDA. 

In the STATE OF FLORIDA, the counties of: 

Alachua. Calhoun. Duval. 

Baker. Citrus. Franklin. 

Bay. Clay. Gadsden. 

Bradford. Columbia. Hamilton. 

Brevard. Dade. Hernando. 

Broward. De Soto. Hillsboro. 

i Former District No. 7, with headquarters at Jacksonville, Fla., is discontinued, and the area com- 
prised therein is included in District No. 8, wilh headquarters at Atlanta, Ga. 



Markets 24.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



Holmes. 




Marion. 


St. Johns. 


Jackson. 




Monroe. 


St. Lucie. 


Jefferson. 




Nassau. 


Santa Rosa. 


Lg f;j vette. 




Okaloosa. 


Semhiole. 


Lake. 




Orange. 


Sumter. 


Lee. 




Osceola. 


Suwanee. 


Leon. 




Palm Beach. 


Taylor. 


Levy. 




Pasco. 


Volusia. 


Liberty. 




Pinellas. 


Wakulla. 


Madison. 




Polk. 


Walton. 


Manatee. 




Putnam. 


Washington. 



GEORGIA. 

The entire STATE OF GEORGIA. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

In the STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA, the counties of: 



Alexander. 


Davie. 


Montgomery. 


Anson. 


Gaston. 


Moore. 


Avery. 


Graham. 


New Hanover. 


Bladen. 


Harnett. 


Pender. 


Brunswick. 


Haywood. 


Polk. 


Buncombe. 


Henderson. 


Randolph. 


Burke. 


Hoke. 


Richmond. 


Cabarrus. 


Iredell. 


Robeson. 


Caldwell. 


Jackson. 


Rowan. 


Catawba. 


Johnston. 


Rutherford. 


Chatham. 


Lea. 


Sampson. 


Cherokee. 


Lincoln. 


Scotland. 


Clay. 


McDowell. 


Stanly. 


Cleveland. 


Macon. 


Swain. 


Columbus. 


Madison. 


Transylvania 


Cumberland. 


Mecklenburg. 


Union. 


Davidson. 


Mitchell. 


Yancey. 



SOUTH CAROLINA. 

The entire STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA. 

TENNESSEE. 

In the STATE OF TENNESSEE, the counties of: 



Blount. Loudon. Polk. 

Bradley. McMinn. Rhea. 

Hamilton. Meigs. 

James. Monroe. 

DISTRICT NO. 9. 



HEADQUARTERS, NASHVILLE, TENN. 
ALABAMA. 

In the STATE OF ALABAMA, the counties of: 
Cullman. Lauderdale. 
Jackson. Limestone. 
4407°— 17 2 



Madison. 
Morgan. 



10 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



KENTUCKY. 

In the STATE OF KENTUCKY, the counties of: 



Allen. 


Logan. 


Trigg- • 


Christian. 


Monroe. 


Warren. 


Clinton. 


Simpson. 




Cumberland. 


Todd. 






TENNESSEE. 




the STATE OF TENNESSEE, the counties of: 




Anderson. 


Hamblen. 


Pickett. 


Bedford. 


Hancock. 


Putnam. 


Benton. 


Hawkins. 


Roane. 


Bledsoe. 


Hickman. 


Robertson. 


Campbell. 


Houston. 


Rutherford. 


Cannon. 


Humphreys. 


Scott. 


Carter. 


Jackson. 


Sequatchie. 


Cheatham. 


Jefferson. 


Sevier. 


Claiborne. 


Johnson. 


Smith. 


Clay. 


Knox. 


Stewart. 


Cocke. 


Lawrence. 


Sullivan. 


Coffee. 


Lewis. 


Sumner. 


Cumberland. 


Lincoln. 


Trousdale. 


Davidson. 


Macon. 


1 [ Tin r>m 
Kj l lilt) J.. 


Dekalb. 


Marion. 


Union, 


Dickson. 


Marshall. 


Van Birren. 


Fentress. 


Maury. 


Warren. 


Franklin. 


Montgomery. 


Washington. 


Giles. 


Moore. 


Wayne. 


Grainger. 


Morgan. 


White. 


Greene. 


Overton. 


Williamson. 


Grundy. 


Perry. 


Wilson. 


Arid in the county of HENRY, all stations on the Louisville & Nashville 


east of Paris. (Se 


3 District No. 25.) 






DISTRICT NO. 10. 






HEADQUARTERS, LOUISVILLE, 


KY. 




INDIANA. 




the STATE OF INDIANA, the counties of: 




Clark. 


Jefferson. 


Spencer. 


Crawford. 


Orange. 


Vanderburg. 


Dubois. 


Perry. 


Warrick. 


Floyd. 


Pike. 


Washington . 


Gibson. 


Posey. 




Harrison 


Scott. 





In the county of JACKSON, all stations on the Pennsylvania Lines West 
of Pittsburgh south of Seymour (see District No. 12); 

And in the county of JENNINGS, all points south of North Vernon on 
the Baltimore & Ohio Southwestern Railroad and the Pennsylvania Lines 
West of Pittsburgh (see Districts Nos. 11 and 12). 



Markets 24.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



11 



KENTUCKY. 

In the STATE OF KENTUCKY, the counties of: 



Adair. 


Hardin. 


Metcalfe. 


Anderson. 


Ilarlan. 


Muhlenberg. 


Barren. 


Hart. 


Nelson. 


Bell. 


Henderson. 


Ohio. 


Boyle. 


Henry. 


Oldham. 


Breckinridge. 


Hopkins. 


Owen. 


Bullitt. 


Jackson. 


Owsley. 


Butler. 


Jefferson. 


Pulaski. 


Carroll. 


Jessamine. 


Rockcastle. 


Casey. 


Knox. 


Russell. 


Clay. 


Larue. 


Scott. 


Daviess. 


Laurel. 


Shelby. 


Edmonson. 


Lee. 


Spencer. 


Estill. 


Lincoln. 


Taylor. 


Fayette. 


McCreary. 


Trimble. 


Franklin. 


McLean. 


Washington. 


Garrard. 


Madison. 


Wayne. 


Grayson. 


Marion. 


Webster. 


Green. 


Meade. 


Whitley. 


Hancock. 


Mercer. 


Woodford. 



VIRGINIA. 

In the STATE OF VIRGINIA, the counties of: 

Lee. Scott. 
In the county of WASHINGTON, all stations on the Virginia & Southwest- 
ern Railway north and west of Bristol (see District No. 6); 

And the county of WISE, except stations on the Interstate Railroad, the 
Norfolk & Western Railway, and the Virginia & Kentucky Railway (see 
District No. 11). 

DISTRICT NO. 11. 

HEADQUARTERS, CINCINNATI, OHIO. 
INDIANA. 

In the STATE OF INDIANA, the counties of: 

Dearborn. Ohio. Switzerland. 

Franklin. Ripley. Union. 

And in the county of JENNINGS, all stations on the Baltimore & Ohio 
Southwestern Railroad east of North Vernon. (See Districts Nos. 10 and 12.) 

KENTUCKY. 

In the STATE OF KENTUCKY, the counties of: 



Bath. 


Grant. 


Menifee. 


Boone. 


Greenup. 


Montgomery. 


Bourbon. 


Harrison. 


Morgan. 


Boyd. 


Johnson. 


Nicholas. 


Bracken. 


Kenton. 


Pendleton. 


Breathitt. 


Knott. 


Perry. 


Campbell. 


Lawrence. 


Pike. 


Carter. 


Leslie. 


Powell. 


Clark. 


Letcher. 


Robertson. 


Elliott. 


Lewis. 


Rowan. 


Fleming. 


Magoffin. 


Wolfe. 


Floyd. 


Martin. 




Gallatin. 


Mason. 





12 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. ' 



OHIO. 

In the STATE OF OHIO, the counties of: 



Adams. 


Franklin. 


Montgomery. 


Athens. 


Gallia. 


Perry. 


Brown. 


Greene. 


Pickaway. 


Butler. 


Hamilton. 


Pike. 


Champaign. 


Highland. 


Preble. 


Clark. 


Hocking. 


Ross. 


Clermont. 


Jackson. 


Scioto. 


Clinton. 


Lawrence. 


Union. 


Delaware. 


Madison. 


Vinton. 


Fairfield. 


Meigs. 


Warren. 


Fayette. 


Miami. 





In the county of LICKING, all stations south of Central City on the Toledo & 
Ohio Central Railway and all stations west of Newark on the Pennsylvania Lines 
West of Pittsburgh (see Districts Nos. 5 and 14); 

And the county of SHELBY, except stations on the Detroit, Toledo & Ironton 
Railroad (see District No. 13). 

VIRGINIA. 

In the STATE OF VIRGINIA, in the counties of: 

Russell. 



Buchanan. 
Dickenson. 



Tazewell. 



And in the county of WISE, all stations on the Interstate Railroad, the Norfolk 
& Western Railway, and the Virginia & Kentucky Railway. (See District 
No. 10.) 

WEST VIRGINIA. 

In the STATE OF WEST VIRGINIA, the counties of: 



Boone. 

Cabell. 

Clay. 

Jackson. 

Kanawha. 

Lincoln. 



Logan. 

McDowell. 

Mason. 

Mercer. 

Mingo. 

Putnam. 



Raleigh. 
Roane. 
Wayne. 
Wyoming. 



And the county of FAYETTE, except stations on the Sewell Valley Railroad. 
(See District No. 6.) 

DISTRICT NO. 12. 

HEADQUARTERS, INDIANAPOLIS, IND. 
ILLINOIS. 

In the STATE OF ILLINOIS, the counties of: 

Clark. Edgar. Vermilion. 

Crawford. Lawrence. Wabash. 

INDIANA. 

In the STATE OF INDIANA, the counties of: 

Adams. Brown. Decatur. 

Bartholomew. Carroll. Delaware. 

Benton. Clay. Fayette. 

Blackford. Clinton. Fountain. 

Boone. Daviess. Grant. 



Markets 24.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



13 



Greene. 


Madison. 


Rush. 


Hamilton. 


Marion. 


Shelby. 


Hancock. 


Martin. 


Sullivan. 


Hendricks. 


Miami. 


Tippecanoe. 


Henry. 


Monroe. 


Tipton. 


Howard. 


Montgomery. 


Vermilion. 


Huntington. 


Morgan. 


Vigo. 


Jay. 


Owen. 


Wabash. 


Johnson. 


Parke. 


Warren. 


Knox. 


Putnam. 


Wayne. 


Lawrence. 


Randolph. 


Wells. 



In the county of CASS, Anoka Junction and all stations south thereof on the 
Pennsylvania lines west of Pittsburgh (see District No. 20); 

The county of JACKSON, except stations south of Seymour on the Pennsyl- 
vania Lines West of Pittsburgh (see District No. 10); 

And the county of JENNINGS, except stations east and south of North Vernon 
on the Baltimore & Ohio Southwestern Railroad and the Pennsylvania Lines 
West of Pittsburgh (see District Nos. 10 and 11). 

OHIO. 

In the STATE OF OHIO, the counties of: 
Darke. Mercer. 

DISTRICT NO. 13. 

HEADQUARTERS, TOLEDO, OHIO. 
INDIANA. 

In the STATE OF INDIANA, the counties of: 

Dekalb. Noble. Steuben. 

Lagrange. 

And the county of ALLEN, except stations west of Fort Wayne, on the New 
York, Chicago & St. Louis Railroad and the Pennsylvania Lines West of Pitts- 
burgh. (See District No. 20.) 

MICHIGAN. 

In the STATE OF MICHIGAN, the counties of: 

Branch. Hillsdale. Lenawee. 

Calhoun. 

The county of MONROE, except the station of Monroe and all stations north 
thereof on the Detroit & Toledo Shore Line Railroad, the Lake Shore & Michigan 
Southern Railway, the Michigan Central Railroad, and the Pere Marquette Rail- 
road; and except stations east of Dundee on the Detroit, Toledo & Ironton 
Railway (see District No. 15); 

And in the county of WASHTENAW, all stations south of Pittsfield on the 
Ann Arbor Railroad (see District No. 15). 



In the STATE OF OIIIO : 
Allen. 
Auglaize. 
Crawford. 
Defiance. 
Fulton. 
Hancock 
Hardin. 



OHIO. 

the counties of: 
Henry. 
Logan. 
Lucas. 
Marion. 
Ottawa. 
Paulding. 
Putnam. 



Sandusky. 
Seneca. 
Van Wert. 
Williams. 
Wood . 
Wyandot. 



14 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



In the county of ERIE, all stations on and west of the Wheeling & Lake 
Erie Railroad (see District No. 14); 

In the county of HURON, Monroeville and all stations north thereof on the 
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad; all stations west of Norwalk on the Lake Shore & 
Michigan Southern Railway and the Wheeling & Lake Erie Railroad; and all 
stations on the New York, Chicago & St. Louis Railroad and the Pennsylvania 
Lines West of Pittsburgh (see District No. 14); 

In the county of SHELBY, all stations on the Detroit, Toledo & Ironton 
Railroad (see District No. 11). 

DISTRICT NO. 14. 

HEADQUARTERS, CLEVELAND, OHIO. 
OHIO. 

In the STATE OF OHIO, the counties of: 

Ashland. Lake. Richland. 

Ashtabula. Lorain. Stark. 

Cuyahoga. Mahoning. Summit. 

Geauga. Medina. Trumbull. 

Holmes. Marlow. Wayne. 

Knox. Portage. 

In the county of COSHOCTON, all stations north of Trinway and all stations 
north and west of and including Roscoe on the Pennsylvania Lines West of 
Pittsburgh (see District No. 5); 

In the county of ERIE, all stations east of the Wheeling & Lake Erie Rail- 
road (see District No. 13); 

The county of HURON, except Monroeville and stations north thereof on the 
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad ; except stations west of Norwalk on the Lake Shore 
& Michigan Southern Railway and the Wheeling & Lake Erie Railroad; and 
except all stations on the New York Chicago & St. Louis Railroad and the Penn- 
sylvania Lines West of Pittsburgh (see District No. 13); 

In the county of LICKING, all stations north of Newark on the Baltimore & 
Ohio Railroad, and all stations north of Central City on the Toledo & Ohio Cen- 
tral Railway (see Districts Nos. 5 and 11). 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

In the STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA: 

In the county of CRAWFORD, all stations on the Bessemer & Lake Erie 
Railroad, the Lake Shore & Michigan .Southern Railway, the Pennsylvania 
Lines West of Pittsburgh, and on the Erie Railroad all stations south and west 
of Saegerstown (see District No. 4); 

And in the county of ERIE, all stations southwest and west of Erie on the 
Bessemer & Lake Erie Railroad, the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Railway, 
the New York, Chicago & St. Louis Railroad, and the Pennsylvania Lines West 
of Pittsburgh (see District No. 4). 

DISTRICT NO. 15. 

HEADQUARTERS, DETROIT, MICH. 
MICHIGAN. 

In the STATE OF MICHIGAN, the counties of: 

Alcona. Arenac. Charlevoix. 

Alpena. Bay. Cheboygan. 

Antrim. Benzie. Clare. 



Markets 24.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



15 



Emmet. 
Genesee. 
Gladwin. 



Clinton. 

Crawford 

Eaton. 



Lake. 

Lapeer. 

Leelanau. 

Livingston. 

Macomb. 

Manistee. 

Mason. 

Mecosta. 

Midland. 

Missaukee. 

Montcalm. 

Montmorency. 

Muskegon. 

Newaygo. 

Oakland. 



Oceana. 

Ogemaw, 

Osceola. 

Oscoda. 

Otsego. 



Grand Traverse. 



Presi | lie Isle. 
Roscommon. 



Gratiot. 
Huron. 
Ingham. 
Ionia. 



Saginaw. 
St. Clair. 
Sanilac. 



Shiawassee. 



Isabella. 
Jackson. 
Kalkaska 



Iosco. 



Tuscola. 
Wayne. 
Wexford 



The county of BARRY, except stations on the Chicago, Kalamazoo & Saginaw 
Railway and stations on the Michigan Central Railroad between Neely and 
Richland Junction (see District No. 20); 

The county of KENT, except South Grand Rapids and points south thereof 
on the Grand Rapids & Indiana Railway, and Eagle Mills, and points south 
thereof on the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Railway (see District No. 20); 

In the county of MONROE, the station of Monroe and all stations north thereof 
on the Detroit & Toledo Shore Line Railroad, the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern 
Railway, the Michigan Central Railroad, the Pere Marquette Railroad; and sta- 
tions east of Dundee on the Detroit, Toledo & Ironton Railroad (see District 
No. 13); 

The county of OTTAWA, except stations on the Pere Marquette Railroad (see 
District No. 20); 

And the county of WASHTENAW, except stations south of Pittsfield on the 
Ann Arbor Railroad (see District No. 13). 

DISTRICT NO. 16. 

HEADQUARTERS, MILWAUKEE, WIS. 
MICHIGAN. 

In the STATE OF MICHIGAN, the counties of: 

Delta. Dickinson. Menominee. 

In the county of ALGER, all stations on the Chicago & North Western Rail- 
way and all stations south of Eben Junction on the Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault 
Ste. Marie Railway (see District No. 17); 

In the county of BARAGA, all stations on the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul 
Railway south of Sidnaw (see District No. 17); 

In the county of CHIPPEWA, all stations on the Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault 
Ste. Marie Railway, except Sault Ste. Marie (see District No. 17); 

The county of IRON, except stations west of Stager on the Chicago & North 
Western Railway (see District No. 17); 

In the county of LUCE, all stations on the Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault 
Ste. Marie Railway (see District No. 17); 

The county of MACKINAC, except stations on the Duluth, South Shore 
& Atlantic Railway (see District No. 17); 

In the county of MARQUETTE, all stations south of Little Lake on the Chicago 
& North Western Railway and stations on the Escanaba & Lake Superior Railroad 
(see District No. 17); 



16 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



And the county of SCHOOLCRAFT, except stations on the Duluth, South 
Shore & Atlantic Railway and stations on Munising, Marquette & Southeastern 
Railway (see District No. 17). 

WISCONSIN. 

In the STATE OF WISCONSIN, the counties of: 



Adams. 


Juneau. 


Portage. 


Brown. 


Kewaunee. 


Racine. 


Calumet. 


Langlade. 


Richland. 


Columbia. 


Lincoln. 


Sauk. 


Dane. 


Manitowoc. 


Shawano. 


Dodge. 


Marinette. 


Sheboygan. 


Door. " 


Marquette. 


Washington. 


Florence. 


Milwaukee. 


Waukesha. 


Fond du Lac. 


Monroe. 


Waupaca. 


Forest. 


Oconto. 


Waushara. 


Green Lake. 


Outagamie. 


Winnebago. 


Jefferson. 


Ozaukee. 





In the county of CRAWFORD, all stations east of Crawford on the Chicago, 
Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway (see District No. 18); 

The county of GRANT, except stations south of Montfort Junction on the 
Chicago & North Western Railway and stations on the Chicago, Burlington & 
Quincy Railroad (see District No. 20) ; 

In the county of IOWA, all stations on and north of the line of the Chicago & 
North Western Railway between Blue Mounds and Montfort Junction (see Dis- 
trict No. 20); 

In the county of MARATHON, all stations on and east of the line of the Chicago, 
Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway between Dancy and Pine River (see District 
No. 18); 

In the county of ONEIDA, stations east and south of Newbold on the Chicago 
& North Western Railway and all stations on the Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault 
Ste. Marie Railway (see District No. 17); 

In the county of VERNON, La Farge and stations south thereof on the Chicago, 
Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway and all stations on the Hillsboro & Northeastern 
Railway (see District No. 18); 

In the county of VILAS, all stations between Clearwater Lake and State Line 
on the Chicago & North Western Railway (see District No. 17); 

And the county of WALWORTH, except stations between Clinton and Darien 
on the Chicago & North Western Railway and stations between Avalon and 
Richmond on the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway (see District No. 20); 

And in the county of WOOD, all stations between Grand Rapids and Kelner 
on the Chicago & North Western Railway, all stations between Grand Rapids and 
Rudolph on the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway, and stations east of 
Grand Rapids on the Green Bay & Western Railroad (see District No. 18). 

DISTRICT NO. 17. 

HEADQUARTERS, DULUTH, MINN. 
MICHIGAN. 

In the STATE OF MICHIGAN, the counties of: 

Gogebic. Keweenaw. Ontonagon. 

Houghton. 

The county of ALGER, except stations on the Chicago & North Western Rail- 
way and stations south of Eben Junction on the Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault 
Ste. Marie Railway (see District No. 16); 



Markets 24.] SERVICE AND REGULATOR Y ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



17 



The county of BARAGA, except stations south of Sidnaw on the Chicago, 
Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway (see District No. 10); 

In the county of CHIPPEWA, Sault Ste. Marie and all other stations except 
those on the Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie Railway (see District 
No. 16); 

In the county of IRON, all stations west of Stager on the Chicago & North 
Western Railway (see District No. 16); 

The county of LUCE, except stations on the Minneapolis, St. Paul & Sault 
Ste. Marie Railway (see District No. 16); 

In the county of MACKINAC, all stations on the Duluth, South Shore & 
Atlantic Railway (see District No. 1G); 

The county of MARQUETTE, except stations south of Little Lake on the 
Chicago & North Western Railway and stations on the Escanaba & Lake Superior 
Railroad (see District No. 16); 

And in the county of SCHOOLCRAFT, all stations on the Duluth, South 
Shore & Atlantic Railway and the Munising, Marquette & Southeastern Railway 
(see District No. 16). 

MINNESOTA. 

In the STATE OF MINNESOTA, the counties of: 

Aitkin. Crow Wing. Marshall. 

Beltrami. Hubbard. Pennington. 

Carlton. Itasca. Polk. 

Cass. Kittson. Red Lake. 

Clearwater. Koochiching. Roseau. 

Cook. Lake. St. Louis. 

The county of BENTON, except stations on the Northern Pacific Railway 
(see District No. 18); 

The county of KANABEC, except stations on the Great Northern Railway 
between Braham and Grasston (see District No. 18); 

In the county of MAHNOMEN, all stations on the Great Northern Railway 
(see District No. 18); 

The county of MILLELACS, except stations on the Great Northern Railway 
south of Milaca (see District No. 18); 

In the county of MORRISON, all stations east of the line of the Northern 
Pacific Railway between Fort Ripley and Rice (see District No. 18) ; 

The county of PINE, except stations on the Great Northern Railway between 
Brahman and Brook Park (see District No. 18) 

WISCONSIN. 

In the STATE OF WISCONSIN, the counties of: 

Ashland. Douglas. Sawyer. 

Bayfield. Iron. Washburn. 

In the county of BARRON, all stations north of Cameron on the Chicago, 
St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railway and stations on the Minneapolis, St. 
Paul & Sault Ste. Marie Railway (see District No. 18); 

The county of BURNETT, except stations on the Northern Pacific Railway 
(see District No. 18); 

In the county of ONEIDA, all stations north of Newbold on the Chicago & 
North Western Railway and all stations on the Chicago. Milwaukee & St. Paul 
Railway (see District No. 16); 

In the county of PRICE, all stations north of Prentice on the Minneapolis, 
St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie Railway (see District No. 18); 

4407°— 17 3 



18 



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[S. R. A. 



In the county of RUSK, all stations north of Bruce on the Chippewa Valley 
& Northern Railway and all stations north of Ladysmith on the Minneapolis, 
St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie Railway (see District No. 18); 

And the county of VILAS, except stations between Clearwater Lake and State 
Line on the Chicago & North Western Railway (see District No. 16). 

DISTRICT NO. 18. 

HEADQUARTERS, MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. 
IOWA. 

In the STATE OF IOWA, the counties of: 



Allamakee. 


Hancock. 


Winnebago. 


Cerro Gordo. 


Howard. 


Winneshiek. 


Chickasaw. 


Kossuth. 


Worth. 


Emmet. 


Mitchell. 


• 


Floyd. 


Palo Alto. 






MINNESOTA. 




the STATE OF MINNESOTA, the counties of: 




Anoka. 


Jackson, 


Rice. 


Becker. 


Kandiyohi. 


Rock. 


Big Stone. 


Lac qui Parle. 


Scott. 


Blue Earth. 


Lesueur. 


Sherburne. 


Brown. 


Lincoln. 


Sibley. 


Carver. 


Lyon. 


Stearns. 


Chippewa. 


McLeod. 


Steele. 


Chisago. 


Martin. 


Stevens. 


Clay. 


Meeker. 


Swift. 


Cottonwood. 


Mower. 


Todd. 


Dakota. 


Murray. 


Traverse. 


Dodge. 


Nicollet. 


Wabasha. 


Douglas. 


Nobles. 


Wadena. 


Faribault. 


Norman. 


Waseca. 


Fillmore. 


Olmsted. 


Washington. 


Freeborn. 


Ottertail. 


Watonwan. 


Goodhue. 


Pipestone. 


Wilkin. 


Grant. 


Pope. 


Winona. 


Hennepin. 


Ramsey, 


Wright . 


Houston. 


Redwood. 


Yellow Medicine. 


Isanti. 


Renville. 





In the county of BENTON, all stations on the Northern Pacific Railway i see 
District No. 17); 

In the county of KANABEC, all stations on the Great Northern Railway be- 
tween Braham and Grasston (see District No. 17); 

The county of MAHNOMEN, except stations on the Great Northern Railway 
(see District No. 17); 

In the county of MILLELACS, all stations on the Great Northern Railway south 
of Milaca (see District No. 17); 

In the county of MORRISON, all stations on and west of the line of the Northern 
Pacific Railway between Fort Ripley and Rice (see District No. 17); 

And in the county of PINE, all stations on the Great Northern Railway be- 
tween Braham and Brook Park (see District No. 17). 



Markets 24.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



19 



MONTANA. 



In the STATE OF MONTANA, the counties of: 

Blaine. Hill. 

Cascade. Musselshell. 

Chouteau. Phillips. 

Custer. Prairie. 

Dawson. Richland. 

Fallon. Rosebud. 

Fergus. Sheridan. 



Stillwater. 
Sweet Grass. 
Toole. 
Valley. 
Wibaux. 



The county of MEAGHER, except stations west of Martindale, on the Chicago, 
Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway and stations on the White Sulphur Springs and 
Yellowstone Park Railway (see District No. 32); 

And the county of YELLOWSTONE, except stations east and south of Osborne 
on the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad (see District No. 31). 

NORTH DAKOTA. 

The entire State OF NORTH DAKOTA. 

SOUTH DAKOTA. 

In the STATE OF SOUTH DAKOTA, the counties of: 



Armstrong. 


Edmunds. 


Marshall. 


Beadle. 


Faulk. 


Meade. 


Brookings. 


Grant. 


Miner. 


Brown. 


Haakon. 


Moody. 


Buffalo. 


Hamlin. 


Perkins. 


Butte. 


Hand. 


Potter. 


Campbell. 


Harding. 


Roberts. 


Clark. 


Hughes. 


Sanborn. 


Codington. 


Hyde. 


Spink. 


Corson. 


Jerauld. 


Stanley. 


Day. 


Kingsbury. 


Sully. 


Deuel. 


Lake. 


Walworth. 


Dewey. 


McPherson. 


Ziebach. 



In the county of JACKSON, all stations on the Chicago & North Western 
Railway (see District No. 19); 

In the county of LAWRENCE, all stations between Redwater and Sturgis on 
the Chicago & North Western Railway (see District No. 31); 

In the county of LYMAN, all stations on the Chicago & North Western Railway 
(see District No. 19); 

And in the county of PENNINGTON, all stations on the Chicago & North 
Western Railway between Black Hawk and Cottonwood (see Districts Nos. 19 
and 31). 



WISCONSIN. 



In the STATE OF WISCONSIN, the counties of: 



Buffalo. Jackson. 



Saint Croix. 

Taylor. 

Trempealeau. 



Chippewa. La Crosse. 



Clark. Pepin. 
Dunn. Pierce. 
Eua Claire. Polk. 



The county of BARRON, except stations north of Cameron on the Chicago, St. 
Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railway and stations on the Minneapolis, St. Paul 
& Sault Ste. Marie Railway (see District No. 17); 



20 



BUKEAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A» 



In the county of BURNETT, ail stations on the Northern Pacific Railway (see 
District No. 17); 

The county of CRAWFORD, except stations east of Crawford on the Chicago, 
Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway (see District No. 16); 

In the county of MARATHON, all stations west of the line of the Chicago, 
Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway between Dancy and Pine River (see District 
No. 16); 

The county of PRICE, except stations north of Prentice on the Minneapolis, 
St. Paul & Sault Ste. Marie Railway (see District No. 17); 

The county of RUSK, except stations north of Bruce on the Chippewa Valley 
& Northern Railway and stations north of Ladysmith on the Minneapolis, St. 
Paul & Sault Ste. Maiie Railway (see District No. 17); 

The county of VERNON, except stations south of La Farge, on the line of the 
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway and stations on the Hillsboro & North- 
eastern Railway (see District No. 16); 

The county of W 7 00D, except stations between Grand Rapids and Kelner, on 
the Chicago & North Western Railway, stations between Grand Rapids and 
Rudolph on the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway, and stations east of 
Grand Rapids on the Green Bay & Western Railroad (see District No. 16). 

DISTRICT NO. 19. 

HEADQUARTERS, OMAHA, NEBR. 
IOWA. 

In the STATE OF IOWA, the counties of: 



Adair. 


Greene. 


Osceola. 


Adams. 


Grundy. 


Page. 


Appanoose. 


Guthrie. 


Plymouth. 


Audubon. 


Hamilton. 


Pocahontas. 


Boone. 


Hardin. 


Polk. 


Buena Vista. 


Hanison. 


Pottawattamie. 


Butler. 


Humboldt. 


Ringgold. 


Calhoun. 


Ida. 


Sac. 


Carroll. 


Jasper. 


Shelby. 


Cass. 


Lucas. 


Sioux. 


Cherokee. 


Lyon. 


Story. 


Clarke. 


Madison. 


Tama. 


Clay. 


Marion. 


Taylor. 


Crawford. 


Marshall. 


Union. 


Dallas. 


Mills. 


Warren. 


Decatur. 


Monona. 


Wayne. 


Dickinson. 


Monroe. 


Webster. 


Franklin. 


Montgomery. 


Woodbury. 


Fremont. 


O'Brien. 


Wright. 



In the STATE OF KANSAS, the counties of: 

Cheyenne. Decatur. Rawlins. 

The county of JEWELL, except stations on the Missouri Pacific Railway south 
of Mankato (see District No. 24); 

In the county of REPUBLIC, all stations on and north of the line of the Chi- 
cago, Rock Island & Pacific Railway between Formosa and Mahaska (see District 
No. 24); 

The counties of NORTON, PHILLIPS, and SMITH, except stations on the 
Missouri Pacific Railway (see District No. 24); 

And in the county of WASHINGTON, the station of Mahaska (see District 
No. 24). 



Markets 24.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



21 



In the STATE OF NEBRASKA. 



NEBRASKA. 

the counties of: 



Adams. 


Gage. 


Pawnee 


Antelope. 


Garfield. 


Phelps. 


Blaine. 


Grant. 


Pierce. 


Boone. 


Greeley. 


tr latte. 


Boyd. 


Hall. 


Jroik. 


Brown. 


Hamilton. 


Richardson. 


Buffalo. 


Harlan. 


KOCk. 


Burt. 


Holt. 


feahne. 


Butler. 


Hooker. 


Sarpy. 


Cass. 


TT_ 1 

Howard. 


Saunders. 


Cedar. 


Jefferson. 


Seward . 


Cherr}'. 


Johnson. 


Sheridan. 


Clay. 


Kearney. 


Sherman. 


Colfax. 


Keyapaha. 


Stanton. 


Cuming. 


Knox. 


Thayer. 


Custer. 


Lancaster. 


Thomas. 


Dakota. 


Loup. 


Thurston. 


Dawson. 


Madison. 


Valley. 


Dixon. 


Merrick. 


Wasliington . 


Dodge. 


Nance. 


Wayne. 


Douglas. 


Nemaha. 


Webster. 


Fillmore. 


Nuckolls. 


Wheeler. 


Franklin. 


Otoe. 


York. 



The county of DAWES, except stations southwest of Dakota Junction on the 
Chicago & North Western Railway (see District No. 31); 

In the county of FURNAS, all stations between Cedar Bluff and Stanford on 
the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad (see District No. 31); 
. And in the county of REDWILLOW, all stations between Cedar Bluff and 
Stanford on the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad (see District No. 31). 

SOUTH DAKOTA. 

In the STATE OF SOUTH DAKOTA, the counties of: 

Aurora. Gregory. Todd. 

Bennett. Hanson. • Tripp. 

Bonhomme. Hutchinson Turner. 

Brule. Lincoln. Union. 

Charles Mix. McCook. Washabaugh. 

Clay. Mellette. Washington. 

Davidson. Minnehaha. Yankton. 

Douglas. . Shannon. 

The counties of CUSTER and FALL RIVER, except stations on the Chicago, 
Burlington & Quincy Railroad (see District No. 31); 

The counties of JACKSON and LYMAN, except stations on the Chicago & 
North Western Railway (see District No. 18); 

And the county of PENNINGTON, except stations between Black Hawk 
and Cottonwood on the Chicago & North Western Railway, and all stations on 
the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad and the Rapid City, Black Hills 
& Western Railroad (see Districts Nos. 18 and 31). 



22 



BUREAU OP MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



DISTRICT NO. 20. 



HEADQUARTERS, CHICAGO, ILL. 
ILLINOIS. 

In the STATE OF ILLINOIS, the counties of: 

Boone. Kane. Ogle. 

Carroll. Kankakee. Stephenson. 

Cook. Kendall. Whiteside. 

Dekalb. Lake. Will. 

Dupage. Lee. Winnebago. 

Jo Daviess. McHenry. 

The county of GRUNDY, except stations south of the Big Four Railroad (see 
District No. 21); 

The county of IROQUOIS, except stations on the Illinois Central Railroad, 
Gilman to Thawville, inclusive, and stations west of Watseka on the Toledo, 
Peoria & Western Railway (see District No. 21); 

And in the county of LA SALLE, all stations north of the line of the Chicago, 
Rock Island & Pacific Railway (see District No. 21). 

INDIANA. 



In the STATE OF INDIANA, the counties of: 
Elkhart. Laporte. 
Fulton. 
Jasper. 



Kosciusko. 
Lake. 



Marshall. 
Newton. 
Porter. 
Pulaski. 



St. Joseph. 
Starke. 
White. 
Whitley. 



The county of CASS, except Anoka Junction and stations south thereof on the 
Pennsylvania Lines West of Pittsburgh (see District No. 12); 

And in the county of ALLEN, all stations west of Fort Wayne on the New 
York, Chicago & St. Louis Railroad and the Pennsylvania Lines West of Pitts- 
burgh (see District No. 13). 



In the STATE OF. IOWA, 
Benton. 
Blackhawk. 
Bremer. 
Buchanan. 



IOWA. 

the counties of: 
Clayton. 
Clinton. 
Delaware. 
Dubuque. 



Fayette. 
Jackson. 
Jones. 
Linn. 



MICHIGAN. 

In the STATE OF MICHIGAN, the counties of: 

Allegan. Cass. St. Joseph. 

Berrien. Kalamazoo. Van Buren. 

In the county of BARRY, all stations on the Chicago, Kalamazoo & Saginaw 
Railway, and all stations between Neely and Richland Junction on the Michigan 
Central Railroad (see District No. 15); 

In the county of KENT, all stations south of South Grand Rapids on the Grand 
Rapids & Indiana Railway, and all stations south of Eagle Mills on the Lake 
Shore & Michigan Southern Railway (see District No. 15); 

And in the county of OTTAWA, all stations on the Pere Marquette Railroad 
(see District No. 15). 



Markets 24.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



23 



WISCONSIN. 

In the STATE OF WISCONSIN, the counties of: 

Green. Lafayette. Rock. 

Kenosha. 

In the county of GRANT, stations south of Montfort Junction on the Chicago 
& North Western Railway and all stations on the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy 
Railroad (see District No. 1G); 

In the county of IOWA, all stations south of the line of the Chicago & North 
Western Railway between Blue Mounds and Montfort Junction (see District 
No. 16); ] 

In the county of WALWORTH, all stations between Clinton and Darien on 
the Chicago & North Western Railway and all stations between Avalon and Rich- 
mond on the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway (see District No. 10). 

DISTRICT NO. 21. 

HEADQUARTERS, PEORIA, ILL. 
ILLINOIS. 

In the STATE OF ILLINOIS, the counties of: 



Adams. 


Henderson. 


Mercer. 


Brown. 


Henry. 


Peoria. 


Bureau. 


Knox. 


Piatt. 


Cass. 


Livingston. 


Putnam. 


Champaign. 


Logan. 


Rock Island. 


Dewitt. 


McDonough. 


Schuyler. 


Douglas. 


McLean. 


Stark. 


Ford. 


Marshall. 


Tazewell. 


Fulton. 


Mason. 


Warren. 


Hancock. 


Menard. 


Woodford. 



In the county of GRUNDY, stations south of the Big Four Railroad (see Dis-' 
■trict No. 20); I 

In the county of IROQUOIS, stations on the Illinois Central Railroad, Gilman 
to Thawyille, inclusive, and stations west of Watseka on the Toledo, Peoria & 
Western Railway (see District No. 20); 

In the county of LA SALLE, all stations on and south of the Chicago, Rock 
Island & Pacific Railway (see District No. 20); 

The county of MACON, except stations west of Decatur on the Cincinnati, 
Indianapolis & Western Railroad and stations south of Decatur on the Illinois 
Central Railroad, the Vandalia Railroad, and the Wabash Railway (see District 
No. 22); 

And in the county of SANGAMON, all stations on and north of the Baltimore 
& Ohio Southwestern Railroad (see District No. 22). 

IOWA. 

In the STATE OF IOWA, the counties of: 

Ced)ar. Johnson. Poweshiek. 

Davis. Keokuk. Scott. 

Des Moines. Lee. Van Buren. 

Henry. Louisa. Wapello. 

Iowa. Mahaska. Washington. , 

Jefferson. Muscatine. 



24 



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[S. R. A. 



MISSOURI. 



In the STATE OF MISSOURI, the counties of: 
Clark. Lewis. 
Knox. 

DISTRICT NO. 22. 

HEADQUARTERS, ST. LOUIS, MO. 
ILLINOIS. 



Scotland. 



In the STATE OF ILLINOIS, the counties of : 



Bond. 

Calhoun. 

Christian. 

Clay. 

Clinton. 

Coles. 

Cumberland. 
Edwards. 
Effingham. 
Fayette. 



Greene. 

Jasper. 

Jersey. 

Macoupin. 

Madison. 

Marion. 

Monroe. 

Montgomery. 

Morgan. 

Moultrie. 



Perry. 

Pike. 

Randolph. 

Richland. 

St. Clair. 

Scott. 

Shelby. 

"Washington. 

Wayne. 



In the county of HAMILTON, McLeansboro and all stations northwest thereof 
on the Louisville & Nashville Railroad (see District No. 23); 

The county of JEFFERSON, except stations south of Kenneth on the Chicago 
& Eastern Illinois Railroad (see District No. 23); 

In the county of- MACON, all stations west of Decatur on the Cincinnati, 
Indianapolis & "Western Railroad and all stations south of Decatur on the Illinois 
Central Railroad, the Vandalia Railroad, and the Wabash Railway (see District 
No. 21); 

And in the county of SANGAMON, all stations south of the line of the Balti- 
more & Ohio Southwestern Railroad (see District No. 21). 



MISSOURI. 

In the STATE OF MISSOURI, the city of St. 

Audrain. Laclede. 

Callaway. Lincoln. 

Camden. Madison. 

Cole. Maries. 

Crawford. Marion. 

Dent. Miller. 

Franklin. Monroe. 

Gasconade. Montgomery. 

Iron. Osage. 

Jefferson. Phelps. 



Louis, and the counties of: 
Pike. 
Pulaski. 
Ralls. 

St. Charles. 
St. Francois. 
St. Louis. 
Warren. 
Washington. 



In the county of GREENE, stations northeast of Springfield, on the St. Louis 
& San Francisco Railroad (see District No. 24); 

In the county of MONITEAU, stations on the Missouri Pacific Railway between 
Olean and Russellville (see District No. 24); 

The county of STE. GENEVIEVE, except stations on the Cape Girardeau 
Northern Railway (see District No. 23); 

And the county of WEBSTER, except stations between Cedar Gap and Pal- 
metto on the St. Louis & San Francisco Railroad (see District No. 25). 



Markets 24.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



25 



DISTRICT NO. 23. 

HEADQUARTERS, CAIRO, ILL. 
ARKANSAS. 

Iii the STATE OF ARKANSAS, the counties of: 

Clay. Randolph. 
The county of GREENE, except stations on the Cache Valley Railroad (see 
District No. 25); 

And in the county of LAWRENCE, all stations north of Iloxie on the St. 
Louis & San Francisco Railroad and the St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern 
Railway (see District No. 25). 



ILLINOIS. 

In the STATE OF ILLINOIS, the counties of: 



Alexander. 

Franklin. 

Gallatin. 

Hardin. 

Jackson. 



Johnson. 

Massac. 

Pope. 

Pulaski. 

Saline. 



Union. 
White. 
Williamson. 



The county of HAMILTON, except stations northwest of McLeansboro 
on the Louisville & Nashville Railroad (see District No. 22); 

And in the county of JEFFERSON, stations south of Kenneth on the 
Chicago & Eastern Illinois Railroad (see District No. 22). 



KENTUCKY. 

In the STATE OF KENTUCKY, the counties of: 



Ballard. 

Caldwell. 

Calloway. 

Carlisle. 

Crittenden. 



Fulton. 

Graves. 

Hickman. 

Livingston. 

Lyon. 



McCracken. 

Marshall. 

Union. 



MISSOURI. 



Iii the STATE OF MISSOURI, the counties of: 



Bollinger. 
Butler. 

Cape Girardeau. 

Carter. 

Mississippi. 



New Madrid. 

Perry. 

Reynolds. 

Ripley. 

Scott. 



Shannon. 
Stoddard. 
Wayne. 



The county of DUNKLIN, except stations on the Deering Southwestern 
Railway between Bertig, Arkansas, and Paepcke, Arkansas, the Paragould & 
Memphis Railway, the St. Louis Southwestern Railway, and stations south of 
Kennett on the St. Louis & San Francisco Railroad (see District No. 25); 

In the county of HOWELL, stations east of Willow Springs on the St. Louis 
& San Francisco Railroad (see District No. 25); 

And in the county of STE. GENEVIEVE, stations on the Cape Girardeau 
Northern Railway (see District No. 22). 

TENNESSEE. 

In the STATE OF TENNESSEE, the counties of: 



Lake. 



Obion. 



Weakley. 



26 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



DISTRICT NO. 24. 

HEADQUARTERS, KANSAS CITY, MO. 
ARKANSAS. 

In the STATE OF ARKANSAS, the counties of: 

Benton. Carroll. Washington. 

Boone. Madison. 

KANSAS. 

In the STATE OF KANSAS, the counties of: 



Allen. 


Franklin. 


Nemaha. 


Anderson. 


Geary. 


Neosho. 


Atchison. 


Graham. 


Osage. 


Bourbon. 


Jackson. 


Osborne. 


Brown. 


Jefferson. 


Ottawa. 


Cherokee. 


Johnson. 


Pottawatomie 


Clay. 


Leavenworth. 


Riley. 


Cloud. 


Lincoln. 


Rooks.. 


Coffey. 


Linn. 


Russell. 


Crawford. 


Lyon. 


Shawnee. 


Doniphan. 


Marshall. 


Trego. 


Douglas. 


Miami. 


Wabaunsee. 


Ellis. 


Mitchell. 


Wyandotte. 



In the counties of DICKINSON and ELLSWORTH, all stations on and north 
of the line of the Union Pacific Railroad between Dorrance and Kansas Falls (see 
District No. 30); 

In the county of JEWELL, all stations south of Mankato on the Missouri Pacific 
Railway (see District Nq. 19); 

In the counties of NORTON, PHILLIPS, and SMITH all stations on the 
Missouri Pacific Railway (see District No. 19); 

In the county of REPUBLIC, all stations south of the line of the Chicago, 
Rock Island & Pacific Railway between Formosa and Mahaska (see District 
No. 19); 

In the county of SALINE, all stations on and north of the line of the Union 
Pacific Railroad between Dorrance and Kansas Falls (see District No. 30); 

And in the county of WASHINGTON, all stations, except Mahaska (see Dis- 
trict No. 19). 

MISSOURI. 

In the STATE OF MISSOURI, the counties of: 



Adair. 


Chariton. 


Hickory. 


Andrew. 


Christian. 


Holt. 


Atchison. 


Clay. 


Howard. 


Barry. 


Clinton. 


Jackson. 


Barton. 


Cooper. 


Jasper. 


Bates. 


Dade. 


Johnson. 


Benton. 


Dallas. 


Lafayette. 


Boone. 


Davies3. 


Lawrence. 


Buchanan. 


Dekalb. 


Linn. 


Caldwell. 


Gentry. 


Livingston. 


Carroll. 


Grundy. 


McDonald. 


Cass. 


Harrison. 


Macon. 


Cedar. 


Henry. 


Mercer. 



Markets 24.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



27 



Morgan. Putnam. Shelby. 

Newton. Randolph. Stone. 

Nodaway. Ray. Sullivan. 

Pettis. St. Clair. Taney. 

Platte. Saline. Vernon. 

Polk. Schuyler. Worth. 

The county of GREENE, except stations northeast of Springfield on the St. 
Louis & San Francisco Railroad (see District No. 22); 

And the county of MONITEAU, except stations on the Missouri Pacific Rail- 
way between Olean and Russellville (see District No. 22). 

OKLAHOMA. 

In the STATE OF OKLAHOMA, the counties of: 

Adair. Delaware. Ottowa. 



DISTRICT NO. 25. 

HEADQUARTERS, MEMPHIS, TENN. 
ALABAMA. 

In the STATE OF ALABAMA, the counties of: 
Colbert. Lamar. 
Fayette. Lawrence. 
Franklin. Marion. 

ARKANSAS. 

In the STATE OF ARKANSAS, the counties of: 



Arkansas. 


Garland. 


Newton. 


Ashley. 


Grant. 


Ouachita. 


Baxter. 


Hempstead. 


Perry. 


Bradley. 


Hot Spring. 


Phillips. 


Calhoun. 


Howard. 


Pike. 


Chicot. 


Independence. 


Poinsett. 


Clark. 


Izard. 


Pope. 


Cleburne. 


Jackson. 


Prairie. 


Cleveland. 


Jefferson. 


Pulaski. 


Columbia. 


Johnson. 


St. Francis. 


Conway. 


Lafayette. 


Saline. 


Craighead. 


Lee. 


Searcy. 


Crittenden. 


Lincoln. 


Sharp. 


Cross. 


Lonoke. 


Stone. 


Dallas. 


Marion. 


Union. 


Desha. 


Mississippi. 


Van Buren. 


Drew. 


Monroe. 


White. 


Faulkner. 


Montgomery. 


Woodruff. 


Fulton. 


Nevada. 


Yell. 



The county of FRANKLIN, except stations on the Arkansas Central Railroad 
(see District No. 29); 

In the county of GREENE, stations on the Cache Valley Railroad (see District 
No. 23); 

And the county of LAWRENCE, except stations north of Hoxie on the St. 
Louis & San Francisco Railroad and the St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern 
Railway (see District No. 23). 



Walker. 
Winston. 



28 



BUREAU OP MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



LOUISIANA. 

In the STATE OF LOUISIANA, the parishes of: 
Claiborne. Morehouse. 
East Carroll. Union. 

MISSISSIPPI. 

In the STATE OF MISSISSIPPI, the counties of: 



West Carroll. 



Alcorn. 


Itawamba. 


Sharkey. 


Attala. 


Lafayette. 


Sunflower. 


Benton. 


Lee. 


Tallahatchie. 


Bolivar. 


Leflore. 


Tate. 


Calhoun. 


Lowndes. 


Tippah. 


Carroll. 


Marshall. 


Tishomingo. 


Chickasaw. 


Monroe. 


Tunica. 


Choctaw. 


Montgomery. 


Union. 


Clay. 


Noxubee. 


Washington. 


Coahoma. 


Oktibbeha. 


Webster. 


De Soto. 


Panola. 


Winston. 


Grenada. 


Pontotoc. 


Yalobusha. 


Holmes. 


Prentiss. 


Yazoo. 


Issaquena. 


Quitman. 





MISSOURI. 

In the STATE OF MISSOURI, the counties of: 

Douglas. Ozark. Texas. 

Oregon. Pemiscot. Wright. 

In the county of DUNKLIN, all stations on the Deering Southwestern Rail- 
way, the Paragould & Memphis Railway, the St. Louis Southwestern Railway, 
between Bertig, Arkansas, and Paepcke, Arkansas, and stations south of Ken- 
nett on the St. Louis & San Francisco Railroad (see District No. 23); 

The county of HOW'ELL, except stations east of Willow Springs on the St. 
Louis & San Francisco Railroad (see District No. 23); 

And in the county of WEBSTER, stations between Cedar Gap and Palmetto 
on the St. Louis & San Francisco Railroad (see District No. 22). 

TENNESSEE. 

In the STATE OF TENNESSEE, the counties of: 

Carroll. Gibson. McNairy. 

Chester. Hardeman. Madison. 

Crockett. Hardin. Shelby. 

Decatur. Haywood. Tipton. 

Dyer. Henderson. 
Fayette. Lauderdale. 

And the coimty of HENRY, except stations on the Louisville & Nashville 
Railroad east of Paris. (See District No. 9.) 

DISTRICT NO. 26. 

HEADQUARTERS, NEW ORLEANS, LA. 
ALABAMA. 

In the STATE OF ALABAMA, the counties of: 

Baldwin. Clarke. " Greene. 

Butler. Conecuh. Hale. 

Choctaw. Escambia. Marengo. 



Markets 24.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



29 



Mobile. Pickens. Washington. 

Monroe. Sumter. Wilcox. 

Perry. Tuscaloosa. 

Tho county of DALLAS, except Sclma and stations east thereof on the Western 
Railway of Alabama. (See District No. 8.) 

FLORIDA. 

In the STATE OF FLORIDA, the county of Escambia. 

LOUISIANA. 

Iii the STATE OF LOUISIANA, the parishes of: 



Acadia. 


Jefferson Davis. 


St. Charles. 


Ascension. 


Lafayette. 


St. Helena. 


Assumption. 


Lafourche. 


St. James. 


Avoyelles. 


La Salle. 


St. John the Baptist. 


Bienville. 


Lincoln. 


St. Landry. 


Caldwell. 


Livingston. 


St. Martin. 


Catahoula. 


Madison. 


St. Mary. 


Concordia. 


Natchitoches. 


St. Tammany. 


East Baton Rouge. 


Orleans. 


Tangipahoa. 


East Feliciana. 


Ouachita. 


Tensas. 


Evangeline. 


Plaquemines. 


Terrebonne. 


Franklin. 


Pointe Coupee. 


Vermilion. 


Grant, 


Rapides. 


Washington. 


Iberia. 


Red River. 


West Baton Rouge. 


Iberville. 


Richland. 


West Feliciana. 


Jackson. 


St. Bernard. 


Winn. 



In the parish of DE SOTO, all stations southeast of Mansfield on the Texas & 
Pacific Railway (see Districts Nos. 27 and 28); 

In the parish of SABINE, all stations on the Texas & Pacific Railway (see 
District No. 27); 

And in the parish of WEBSTER, all stations south of the line of the Vicksburg, 
Shreveport & Pacific Railway (see District No. 28). 

MISSISSIPPI. 

In the STATE OF MISSISSIPPI, the counties of: 



Adams. 


Jackson. 


Neshoba. 


Amitee. 


Jasper. 


Newton. 


Claiborne. 


Jefferson. 


Pearl River. 


Clarke. 


Jefferson Davis. 


Perry. 


1 iopiah. 


Jones. 


Pike. 


Covington. 


Kemper. 


Rankin. 


Forrest. 


Lamar. 


Scott. 


Franklin. 


Louderdale. 


Simpson. 


George. 


Lawrence. 


Smith. 


Greene. 


Leake. 


Walthall. 


Hancock. 


Lincoln. 


Warren. 


Harrison. 


Madison. 


Wayne. 


Hinds. 


Marion. 


Wilkinson. 



30 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



DISTRICT NO. 27. 

HEADQUARTERS, GALVESTON, TEX. 
LOUISIANA. 

In the STATE OF LOUISIANA, the parishes of: 

Allen. Calcasieu. Jefferson. 

Beauregard. Cameron. Vernon. 

In the parish of DE SOTO, stations south and southwest of Mansfield on the 
Kansas City Southern Railway and the Mansfield Railway (see Districts Nos. 26 
and 28); 

And the parish of SABINE, except stations on the Texas & Pacific Railway 

(see District No. 26). 

TEXAS. 

In the STATE OF TEXAS, the counties of: 



Angelina. 


Fayette. 


Kinney. 


Aransas. 


Fort Bend. 


Kleberg. 


Atascosa. 


Frio. 


Lasalle. 


Austin. 


Galveston. 


Lavaca. 


Bandera. 


Goliad. 


Lee. 


Bastrop. 


Gonzales. 


Leon. 


Bee. 


Grimes. 


Liberty. 


Bexar. 


Guadalupe. 


Live Oak. 


Brazoria. 


Hardin. 


McMullen. 


Brazos. 


Harris. 


Madison. 


Brooks. 


Hays. 


Matagorda. 


Burleson. 


Hidalgo. 


Maverick. 


Caldwell. 


Houston. 


Medina. 


Calhoun. 


Jackson. 


Milam. 


Cameron. 


Jasper. 


Montgomery. 


Chambers. 


Jefferson. 


Nacogdoches. 


Colorado. 


Jim Hogg. 


Newton. 


Comal. 


Jim Wells. 


Nueces. 


Dewitt. 


Karnes. 


Orange. 


Dimmit. 


Kendall. 


Polk. 


Duval. 


Kerr. 


Real. 


Refugio. 


Travis. 


Webb. 


Robertson. 


Trinity. 


Wharton. 


Sabine. 


Tyler. 


Willacy. 


San Augustine. 


Uvalde. 


Williamson. 


San Jacinto. 


Victoria. 


Wilsom 


San Patricio. 


Walker. 


Zapata. 


Shelby. 


Waller. 


Zavalla. 


Starr. 


Washington. 





DISTRICT NO. 28. 

HEADQUARTERS, FORT WORTH, TEX. 
ARIZONA. 

In the STATE OF ARIZONA, the county of: 
Greenlee. 

ARKANSAS. 



In the STATE OF ARKANSAS, the counties of: 

Little River. Miller. Sevier. 



Markets 24.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



31 



LOUISIANA. • 

In the- STATE OF LOUISIANA, the parishes of: 

Bossier. Caddo. 
The parish of DE SOTO, except stations south, southeast, and southwest of 

Mansfield on the Kansas City Southern Railway, the Mansfield Railway,, and 

the Texas & Pacific Railway (see Districts Nos. 26 and 27); 

And in the parish of WEBSTER, all stations on and north of the line of the 
Vicksburg, Shreveport & Pacific Railway (see District No. 26). 

NEW MEXICO. 

In the STATE OF NEW MEXICO, the counties of: 

Dona Ana. Grant. Luna. 

And in the county of SIERRA, all stations south of Lake Valley on the Atchi- 
son, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway. (See District No. 31.) 

OKLAHOMA. 

In the STATE OF OKLAHOMA, the counties of: 

Bryan. Johnston. Marshall. 

Choctaw. Love. Pushmataha. 

Jefferson. McCurtain. 

TEXAS. 

In the STATE OF TEXAS, the counties of: 



Anderson. 


Cottle. 


Hall. 


Andrews. 


Crane. 


Hamilton. 


Archer. 


Crockett. 


Hardeman. 


Armstrong. 


Crosby. 


Harrison. 


Bailey. 


Culberson. 


Haskell. 


Baylor. 


Dallas. 


Henderson. 


Bell. 


Dawson. 


Hill. 


Blanco. 


Delta. 


Hood. 


•Borden. 


Denton. 


Hockley. 


Bosque. 


Dickens. 


Hopkins. 


Bowie. 


Eastland. 


Howard. 


Brewster. 


Ector. 


Hunt. 


Briscoe. 


Edwards. 


Irion. 


Brown. 


Ellis. 


Jack. 


Burnet. 


El Paso. 


Jeff Davis. 


Callahan. 


Erath. 


Johnson. 


Camp. 


Falls. 


Jones. 


Cass. 


Fannin. 


Kaufman. 


Cherokee. 


Fisher. 


Kent. 


Childress. 


Floyd. 


Kimble. 


Clay. 


Foard. 


King. 


Cochran. 


Franklin. 


Knox. 


Coke. 


Freestone. 


Lamar. 


Coleman. 


Gaines. 


Lamb. 


Collin. 


Garza. 


Lampasas. 


Collingsworth. 


Gillespie. 


Limestone. 


Comanche. 


Gla.sscock. 


Llano. 


Concho. 


Grayson. 


Loving. 


Cooke. 


Gregg. 


Lubbock. 


Coryell. 


Hale. 


Lynn. 



32 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



McCulloch. 


Rains. 


Taylor. 


McLennan. 


Reagan. 


Terrell. 


Marion. 


Red River. 


Terry. 


Martin. 


Reeves. 


Throckmorton. 


Mason. 


Rockwall. 


Titus. 


Menard. 


Runnels. 


Tom Green. 


Midland. 


Rusk. 


Upshur. 


Milla. 


San Saba. 


Upton. 


Mitchell. 


Schleicher. 


Valverde. 


Montague. 


Scurry. 


Van Zandt. 


Morris. 


Shackleford. 


Ward. 


Motley. 


Smith. 


. Wichita. 


Navarro. 


Somervell. 


Wilbarger. 


Nolan. 


Stephens. 


Winkler. 


Palo Pinto. 


Sterling. 


Wise. 


Panola. 


Stonewall. 


Wood. 


Parker. 


Sutton. 


Yoakum. 


Pecos. 


Swisher. 


Young. 


Presidio. 


Tarrant. 





The county of DONLEY, except stations on the Chicago, Rock Island & Gulf 
Railway (see District No. 29); 

In the county of POTTER, all stations on the Fort Worth & Denver City Rail- 
way southeast of Amarillo (see Districts Nos. 29, 30, and 31); 

And the county of RANDALL, except stations between Amarillo and Dawn 
on the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway (see District No. 30). 

DISTRICT NO. 29. 

HEADQUARTERS, OKLAHOMA CITY, OKLA. 
ARKANSAS. 

In the STATE OF ARKANSAS, the counties of: 

Crawford. Polk. Sebastian. 

Logan. Scott. 

And in the county of FRANKLIN, stations on the Arkansas Central Railroad. 
(See District No. 25.) 

OKLAHOMA. 

In the STATE OF OKLAHOMA, the counties of: 



Atoka. 


Garfield. 


Mcintosh. 


Beckham. 


Garvin. 


Major. 


Blaine. 


Grady. 


Mayes. 


Caddo. 


Greer. 


Murray. 


Canadian. 


Harmon. 


Muskogee. 


Carter. 


Haskell. 


Noble. 


Cherokee. 


Hughes. 


Nowata. 


Cleveland. 


Jackson. 


Okfuskee. 


Coal. 


'Kingfisher. 


Oklahoma. 


Comanche. 


Kiowa. 


Okmulgee. 


Cotton. 


Latimer. 


Pawnee. 


Craig. 


Le Flore. 


Payne. 


Creek. 


Lincoln. 


Pittsburg. 


Custer. 


Logan. 


Pontotoc. 


Dewey. 


McClain. 


Pottawatomie. 



Markets 24.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



33 



Roger Mills. Stephens. Wagoner. 

Rogers. Tillman. Washington. 

Seminole. Tulsa. Washita. 

Sequoyah. 

In (he county of ALFALFA, Augusta and stations south thereof on the Chicago, 
Rock Island & Pacific Railway; Carmen and stations south thereof on the Kansas 
City, Mexico & Orient Railroad ; and all stations on the St. Louis & San Francisco 
Railroad (see District No. 30); 

And the county of OSAGE, except stations on the Atchison, Topeka & Santa 
Fe Railway and stations north of Nelagoney on the Midland Valley Railroad 
(see District No. 30). 

TEXAS. 

In the STATE OF TEXAS, the county of: 
WHEELER; 

The county of CARSON, except stations on the Panhandle & Santa Fe Railway 
(see District No. 30); 

In the county of DONLEY, all stations on the Chicago, Rock Island & Gulf 
Railway (see District No. 28); 

The county of GRAY, except stations on the Panhandle & Santa Fe Railway 
(see District No. 30); 

And in the county of POTTER, all stations east of Amarillo on the Chicago, 
Rock Island & Gulf Railway (see Districts Nos. 28, 30, and 31). 

DISTRICT NO. 30. 

HEADQUARTERS, WICHITA, KANS. 
KANSAS. 

In the STATE OF KANSAS, the counties of: 



Barber. 


Harper. 


Ness. 


Barton. 


Ilarvey. 


Pawnee. 


Butler. 


Haskell. 


Pratt. 


Chase. 


Hodgeman. 


Reno. 


Chautauqua. 


Kearny. 


Rice. 


Clark. 


Kingman. 


Rush. 


Comanche. 


Kiowa. 


Sedgwick 


Cowley. 


Labette. 


Seward. 


Edwards. 


Lane. 


Stafford. 


Elk. 


McPherson. 


Stevens. 


Finnev. 


Marion. 


Sumner. 


Ford.' 


Meade. 


Wilson. 


"Grant. 


Montgomery. 


Woodson . 


Gray. 


Morris. 




Greenwood. 


Morton. 





In the counties of DICKINSON, ELLSWORTH, and SALINE, all stations 
south of the line of the Union Pacific Railroad between Dorrance and Kansas Falls. 
(See District No. 24.) 

NEW MEXICO. 

In the STATE OF NEW MEXICO, the counties of: 

Chaves. Lincoln. RooseA'elt. 

Curry. Otero. 
Eddy. Quay. 

The county of GUADALUPE, except stations west of Yaughn, on the Atchison, 
Topeka & Santa Fe Railway (see District No. 31); 

And in the county of TORRANCE, all stations on the El Paso & Southwestern 
Railroad (see District No. 31). 



34 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



OKLAHOMA. 

In the STATE OF OKLAHOMA, the counties of: 

Beaver. Grant. Texas. 

Cimarron. Harper. Woods. 

Ellis. Kay. Woodward. 

The county of ALFALFA, except stations south of Augusta, on the Chicago, 
Rock Island & Pacific Railway, and stations south of Carmen on the Kansas City, 
Mexico & Orient Railroad, and all stations on the St. Louis & San Francisco Rail- 
road ( see District No. 29); 

And in the county of OSAGE, stations on the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Rail- 
road and stations north of Nelagoney on the Midland Valley Railroad (see District 
No. 29). 

TEXAS. 

In the STATE OF TEXAS, the counties of: - 

Castro. Hutchinson. Parmer. 

Deaf Smith. Lipscomb. Roberts. 

Hansford. Moore. Sherman. 

Hemphill . Ochiltree . 

In the county of CARSON, stations on the Panhandle & Santa Fe Railway see 
District No. 29); 

The counties of DALLAM, HARTLEY, and OLDHAM, except stations on the 
Fort Worth & Denver City Railroad (see District No. 31); 

In the county of GRAY, stations on the Panhandle & Santa Fe Railway (see 
District No. 29); 

In the county of POTTER, all stations on the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe 
Railway and all stations west of Amarillo on the Chicago, Rock Island & Gulf 
Railway (see Districts Nos. 28, 29, and 31); 

In the county of RANDALL, all stations between Amarillo and Dawn on the 
Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway (see District No. 28). 

DISTRICT NO. 31. 

HEADQUARTERS, DENVER, COLO. 
ARIZONA. 

In the STATE OF ARIZONA, the counties of: 

Apache. Navajo. Yavapai. 

Coconino. 

The entire STATE OF COLORADO. 

KANSAS. 

Iii the STATE OF KANSAS, the counties of: 

Gove. Scott. Thomas. 

Greeley. Sheridan. ' Wallace. 

Hamilton. Sherman. Wichita. 

Logan. Stanton. 

MONTANA. 

In the STATE OF MONTANA, the counties of: 
Big Horn. Carbon. 

In the county of YELLOWSTONE, stations east and south of Osborne on the 
Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad. (See District No. 18.) 



Markets 24.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



35 



NEBRASKA. 

In the STATE OF NEBRASKA, the counties of: 

Arthur. Frontier. Lincoln. 

Banner. Garden. Logan. 

Box Butte. Gosper. McPherson. 

Chase. Hayes. Morrill. 

Cheyenne. Hitchcock. Perkins. 

Deuel. Keith. Scotts Bluff. 

Dundy. Kimball. Sioux. 

In the county of DAWES, stations southwest of Dakota Junction on the Chicago 
& North Western Railway (see District No. 19); 

The counties of FURNAS and RED WILLOW, except stations between Cedar 

Bluff and Stanford on the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad (see District 

No. 19). . 

NEW MEXICO. 

In the STATE OF NEW MEXICO, the counties of: 

Bernalillo. Sandoval. Socorro. 

Colfax. San Juan. Taos. 

McKinley. San Miguel. Union. 

Mora. Santa Fe. Valencia. 

Rio Arriba. 

In the county of GUADALUPE, stations west of VAUGHN on the Atchison, 
Topeka & Santa Fe Railway ( see District No. 30); 

The county of SIERRA, except stations south of Lake Valley on the Atchison, 
Topeka & Santa Fe Railway (see District No. 28); 

And the county of TORRANCE, except stations on the El Paso & Southwestern 
Railroad (see District No. 30). 

SOUTH DAKOTA. 

In the STATE OF SOUTH DAKOTA: 

In the counties of CUSTER, FALL RIVER, and LAWRENCE, stations on 
the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad (see District No. 19); 

And in the county of PENNINGTON, all stations on the Chicago, Burlington 
& Quincy Railroad and the Rapid City, Black Hills & Western Railroad (see 
Districts Nos. 18 and 19). 

TEXAS. 

In the STATE OF TEXAS: 

In the counties of DALLAM, HARTLEY, and OLDHAM, stations on the 
Fort Worth & Denver City Railroad (see District No. 30); 

And the county of POTTER, except stations on the Atchison, Topeka & Santa 
Fe Railway, stations on the Chicago, Rock Island & Gulf Railway, and stations 
on the Fort Worth & Denver City Railway southeast of Amarillo (see Districts 
Nos. 28. 29. and 30). 

WYOMING. 

In the STATE OF WYOMING, the counties of: 

Albany. Fremont. Niobrara. 

Big Horn. Goshen. Park. 

Campbell. Hot Springs. Platte. 

Carbon. Johnson. Sheridan. 

Converse. Laramie. Washakie. 

Crook. Natrona. Weston. 



36 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



Ada. 


Cassia. 


Adams. 


Custer. 


Bannock. 


Elmore. 


Bear Lake 


Franklin. 


Bingham. 


Fremont. 


Blaine. 


Gem. 


Boise. 


Gooding. 


Bonneville 


Jefferson. 


Canyon. 


Lemhi. 



DISTRICT NO. 32. 

HEADQUARTERS, SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH. 
IDAHO. 

In the STATE OF IDAHO, the counties of: 

Lincoln. 
Madison. 
Minidoka. 
Oneida. 
Owyhee. 
Power. 
Teton. 
Twin Falls. 
Washington. 

MONTANA. 

In the STATE OF MONTANA, the counties of: 
Beaverhead. Madison. 

NEVADA. 

In the STATE OF NEVADA, the counties of: 

Clark. . Humboldt. Nye. 

Elko. Lander. White Pine. 

Eureka. Lincoln. 

OREGON. 

In the STATE OF OPvEGON, the county of: 
Malheur. 

UTAH. 

The entire STATE OF UTAH. 

WYOMING. 

In the STATE OF WYOMING, the counties of: 
Lincoln. Uinta. 
Sweetwater. Yellowstone National Park. 

DISTRICT NO. 33. 

HEADQUARTERS, SPOKANE, WASH. 
IDAHO. 

In the STATE OF IDAHO, the counties of: 

Benewah. Idaho. Nez Perce. 

Bonner. Kootenai. Shoshone. 

Boundary. Latah. 
Clearwater. Lewis. 



In the STATE OF MONTANA, 



MONTANA. 

the counties of: 



Jefferson. Powell. 
Lewis and Clark. Ravalli. 
Lincoln. Sanders. 
Mineral. Silverbow. 
Missoula. Teton. 
Park. 

And in the county of MEAGHER, stations west of Martindale on the Chicago, 
Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway and all stations on the White Sulphur Springs & 
Yellowstone Park Railway. (See District No. 18.) 



Broadwater. 
Deerlodge. 
Flathead. 
Gallatin. 

Glacier National Park 
Granite. 



Markets 24.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



WASHINGTON. 

In the STATE OF WASHINGTON, the counties of: 

Adams. Franklin. Perid Oreille. 

Asotin. Grant. Spokane. 

Douglas. Lincoln. Stevens. 

Ferry. Okanogan. Whitman. 

DISTRICT NO. 34. 

HEADQUARTERS, SEATTLE, WASH. 
ALASKA. 

The TERRITORY OF ALASKA. 

WASHINGTON. 

In the STATE OF WASHINGTON, the counties of: 



Chelan. 

Clallam. 

Grays Harbor. 

Island. 

Jefferson. 

Kins. 



Kitsap. 

Kittitas. 

Lewis. 

Mason. 

Pacific. 

Pierce. 



'San Juan. 
Skagit. 
Snohomish. 
Thurston. 
Whatcom. 
Yakima. 



DISTRICT NO. 35. 

HEADQUARTERS, PORTLAND, OREG. 
OREGON. 

In the STATE OF OREGON the counties of: 



Baker. 


Hood River. 


Polk. 


Benton. 


Jackson. 


Sherman. 


Clackamas. 


Jefferson. 


Tillamook. 


Clatsop. 


Josephine. 


Umatilla. 


Columbia. 


Klamath. 


Union. 


Coos. 


Lake. 


Wallowa. 


Crook. 


Lane. 


Wasco. 


Curry. 


Lincoln. 


Washington 


Douglas. 


Linn. 


Wheeler. 


Gilliam. 


Marion. 


Yamhill. 


Grant. 


Morrow. 




Harney. 


Multnomah. 





WASHINGTON. 

In The STATE OF WASHINGTON, the counties of: 

Benton. Cowlitz. Skamania. 

Clarke. Garfield. Wahkiakum. 

Columbia. Klickitat. Walla Walla. 



DISTRICT NO. 36. 

HEADQUARTERS, SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. 
ARIZONA. 

In the STATE OF ARIZONA, the counties of: 

Cochise. Maricopa. Pima. 



Gila. 
Graham. 



Mohave. 
Pinal. 



Santa Cruz. 
Yuma. 



38 



BUREAU OF AEABKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



CALIFORNIA. 

The entire STATE OF CALIFORNIA. 

HAWAII. 

The TERRITORY OF HAWAII. 

NEVADA. 

In the STATE OF NEVADA, the counties of: 

Churchill. Lyon. Storey. 

Douglas. Mineral. Washoe. 

Esmeralda. Ormsby. 



This order supersedes the order of the Secretary of Agriculture, dated November 
17. 1916. published in Sendee and Regulatory Announcements No. 14, of the 
Office of Markets and Rural Organization, U. S. Department of Agriculture. 

In testimony whereof i have hereunto set my hand and caused the official seal 
of the Department of Agri culture to be affixed this 19th day of July, 1917. 



[seal.] 



Secretary of Agriculture. 



LIST SHOWING THE DISTRICT OR DISTRICTS TO WHICH THE STATES 
OR TERRITORIES AND THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA ARE ASSIGNED. 



Name. District No. 

Alabama 8,9,25,26. 

Alaska 34 

Arizona 28,31,36 

Arkansas 23, 24, 25, 28, 29 

California 36 

Colorado 31 

Connecticut 1,2 

Delaware 3 

District of Columbia 6 

Florida 8,26 

Georgia 8 

Hawaii 36 

Idaho 32, 33 

Illinois 12,20,21,22,23 

Indiana 10, 11, 12, 13, 20 

Iowa 18, 19, 20, 21 

Kansas 19, 24, 30, 31 

Kentucky 9, 10, 11, 23 

Louisiana 25,26,27,28 

Maine 1 

Maryland 5, 6 

Massachusetts 1 

Michigan 13, 16, 16, 1*. 20 

Minnesota 17,18 

Mississippi 2o, 26 

Missouri 2x. 22, 23, 24, 25 



Name. District No. 

Montana 18,31,32.33 

Nebraska 19, 31 

Nevada 32, 36 

New Hampshire 1 

New Jersey 2, 3 

New Mexico 28, 30. 31 

New York 2.4 

North Carolina 6,8 

North Dakota 18 

Ohio 5, 11, 12, 13. 14 

Oklahoma 24,28,29,30 

Oregon 32. 35 

Pennsylvania 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 14 

Porto Rico 2 

Rhode Island 1 

South Carolina 8 

South Dakota 18.19,31 

Tennessee 8, 9. 23, 25 

Texas 27,28,29,30,31 

Utah 32 

Vermont 1 

Virginia.... 6,10,11 

Washington 33, 34, 35 

West Virginia 5. 6. 11 

Wisconsin 16,17,18.20 

Wyoming 31.32 



Markets 24.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 39 



INDEX OF DISTRICT HEADQUARTERS. 



District 
No. 



Atlanta 8 

Baltimore 6 

Boston 1 

Buffalo 4 

Cairo 23 

Chicago 20 

Cincinnati 11 

Cleveland 14 

Denver 31 

Detroit 15 

Duluth 17 

Fort Worth 28 

Galveston 27 

Indianapolis • 12 

Kansas City, Mo 24 

Louisville 10 

Memphis 23 

Milwaukee 16 



District 
No. 



Minneapolis 18 

Nashville 9 

New Orleans 20 

New York 2 

Oklahoma City 29 

Omaha 19 

Peoria 21 

Philadelphia 3 

Pittsburgh 5 

Portland, Oreg 35 

St. Louis 22 

Salt Lake City 32 

San Francisco 36 

Seattle 34 

Spokane 33 

Toledo 13 

Wichita 30 



NUMERICAL INDEX OF DISTRICTS. 1 



Headquarters at- 



Boston, Mass 

New York, N. Y.. 
Philadelphia, Pa. . 
Buffalo, N. Y.... 
Pittsburgh, Pa... 

Baltimore, Md 

Atlanta, Ga 

Nashville, Tenn . . 

Louisville, Ky 

Cincinnati. Ohio. . 
Indianapolis, Ind. . 

Toledo, Ohio , 

Cleveland, Ohio. . . 

Detroit , Mich 

Milwaukee, Wis. . . 

Duluth. Minn 

Minneapolis, Minn 
Omaha, Nebr 



Page. 



District 
No. 



Headquarters at- 



Chicago, 111 

Peoria, 111 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cairo, 111 

Kansas City, Mo 

Memphis, Tenn 

Now Orleans, La 

Galveston, Tex 

Fort Worth, Tex 

Oklahoma City, Okla . 

Wichita, Kans 

Denver, Colo 

Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Spokane, Wash 

Seattle, Wash 

Portland, Oreg 

San Francisco, Cal 



1 District No. 7 has been discontinued, the territory formerly comprised therein being consolidated 
with District No. 8, with headquarters at Atlanta, Ga. 



< 



S. H. A.— Markets 25. 




U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 

BUREAU OF MARKETS. 
CHARLES J. BRAND, Cms*. 



SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

No. 25. 1 



CONTENTS. 

Pago. Page. 

Alphabetical list of inspectors who held List showing names of persons to whom li- 
licenses on September 15, 1917, which were censes were issued by the Secretary of Agri- 
Issued by the Secretary of Agriculture, to culture and whose licenses have been can- 
inspect and grade shelled corn and wheat, ecled up to and including September 15, 

or either shelled corn or wheat, and to cer- 1917 18 

tificale the grade thereof 1 Alphabetical list of points where inspection 

Address of Office of Federal Grain Supervi- services are performed by licensed in- 

sion, name and license number of each specters 18 

licensed inspector, and point or points ! List of inspection points by States where 
(county or town) where lie will perform hi- services are performed by licensed in- 
spection services, in each district, on specters 20 

September 15, 1917 9 \ Map showing supervision districts 23 

Table 1. — List of inspectors who held licenses on Sept ember 15, 1917; which tccre issued 
by the Secretary of Agriculture, to inspect and grade shelled corn and wheat, or either 
shelled corn or wheat, and to certificate the grade thereof. 



Name, 



Address 



Dis- 
trict 
No. 



Li- 
cense 
No. 



Aabel, Hans.. . . 
Addison, Alex. . 



Aileman, Russell F 

Anderson, Alfred 

Andrews, David R 

Arrance, Augustus 

Auerbach, Charles P 

Bailey, Edward W 



.; 003 Mclntyre Building, Salt Lake City, Utah 

. Elevator Office, Main and Kiowa Streets, Leavenworth, 
Kans. 

Glover Building, 227 West Eighth Street, Kansas City, 
Mo. 

820 Chamber of Commerce Building, 240 Main Street, 
Bulfalo, X. Y. 

Room 2, Grain Exchange Building, 230 Central Street, 

Superior, Nebr. 
Grain Inspection Department, Produce Exchange Build- 
ing. 1 Whitehall Street, New York, N. Y. 
826 Chamber of Commerce Building, 24U Main Sirec-l, 
Buffalo, N. Y. 

717 Insurance Exchange Building, 175 West Jackson 
Boulevard, Chicago, 111. 

Ball, J. Edgar j 400 Chamber of Commerce Building, Post Office Avenue 

I and Water Street , Baltimore, Md. 

Baxter, Samuel E ■ 32 Chamber of Commerce Building, 330 South Washington 

I Street, Peoria, Hi. 

Becicenhaapt, John c j do 

400 Chamber of Commerce Building, Post Oliicc Avenue 

and Water Street, Baltimore, Md. 
3 Board of Trade Building, Eighth and Wyandotte 

Streets, Kansas City, Mo. 
21 Board of Trade Building, 301 West Main Street, Louis- 
ville, Ky. 

Room D, Chamber of Commerce Building, 177 Milk Street, 
Boston, Mass. 

Clover Branding, 227 West Eighth Street, Kansas City, Mo. 



Benedict, Orvillc W 
Bennett , George Grant . . 
Bending, August William 

Berry. Benjamin 8 

Be Hon, Ernest L 



32 


G57 


24 


385 


24 


595 


4 


3S2 


19 


5G2 


2 


347 


4 


567 


20 


414 


6 


544 


21 


402 


21 


524 


6 


373 


24 


631 


10 


405 


1 


364 


24 


472 



J Previous numbers in this series which relate to the United States grain standards act are Nos. 11 to 15, 
17 to 19, and 22 to 24. 

11521°— 17 1 



2 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



Table 1. — List of inspectors who held licenses on September 15, 1917, which were issued 
by the Secretary of Agriculture, to inspect and grade shelled corn and wheat, or either 
shelled corn or wheat, and to certificate the grade thereof— Continued. 



Name. 



Address. 



* Binkley, Wendell H , 
*Birk, Charles Gilbert, 
Bit t rick, George L. . . . 

Bjorge, Hans P 

Bogard, Benjamin F . . 



*Bolan, Bernard J. 
*Bonds, Jacob R . . 



Dis- 
trict 
No. 



*Booker, Yelverton Evans. 

Boyce, Arthur 

Bradbury, Frank W 

Breed, Allen A 

Brown, Baldwin 



Brown, Thomas J 

Brundage, Homer J I 

Bunker. Henrv Chase i 



Burke, John. 



Burke. Thomas J. . 
Butler, Richard W 



Caley, Harry 

**Callahan, A. K 

Carlson, Magnus T 

Carr, Frank C 

Cassidy, George J 

Caswell, William R 

Catlin, Seth 

Cavanagh, John BE 

Chess. John P 

Christiansen, Arthur C . 



t*Clark, Harry Robt 
Clark, J. Martin.... 



Clark. Wiliard B. 



*&awsorj, Charles 

Cleary. Richard J 

Clifford, Thomas E 

Cofer. Wesley Randolph . . . 

Coffman, Orville W 

Colby, George Samuel 



Collins, George A. 



Connelly, Charlie M 

Connors, Patrick D 



Cooke, Robert Otto. 
Coombes, John B 



Cooper , Charles T . 



* License for shelled corn only 
=* License for wheat only. 



401 Commercial Club Building, 311-15 Fourth Avenue, 

Nashville, Tenn. 
21 Board of Trade Building, Third and Main Streets, 

Louisville, Ky. 
400 Chamber of Commerce Building, Post Office Avenue, 

and Water Street, Baltimore, Md. 
712 Board of Trade Building, 303 West First Street, 

Duluth, Minn. 
228* New England Building, Fifth Street and Kansas 

Avenue, Topeka, Kans. 

Grand Trunk'Elevator Building, Portland, Me- 

1222 National Bank of Commerce Building, Main and 

Atlantic Streets, Norfolk, Va. 
Third floor Columbian Building, Thirteenth and Carey 

Streets. Richmond, Va. 
Grain Inspection Department, Produce Exchange Build- 
ing, 1 Whitehall Street, New York. N. Y. 
3 Board of Trade Building, Eighth and Wyandotte Streets, 

Kansas City, Mo. 
201 Chamber of Commerce Building. 95 Michigan Street, 

Milwaukee, Wis. 
727 Board of Trade Building, 303 West First Street, Duluth, 

Minn. 

...do 

2105 Second National Bank Building. Toledo. Ohio 

1035 Merchants Exchange Building, 465 California Street, 

San Francisco, Cal. 
717 Insurance Exchange Building, 175 West Jackson 

BouleA-ard, Chicago. 111. 

. ...do 

3 Board of Trade Building, Eighth and Wyandotte Streets, 

Kansas City, Mo. 
206 Flour Exchange Building, Third Street and Fourth 

Avenue South, Minneapolis, Minn. 
Room 5, Peerless Drug Store Building, 126j North Inde- 
pendent Street. Enid. Okla. 
727 Board of Trade Building, 303 West First Street. 

Duluth. Minn. 
516 Merchants Exchange Building, Third and Pine Streets, 

St. Louis, Mo._ 
717 Insurance Jixchange Biviiding, 175 West Jackson 

Boulevard, Chicago, 111. 
Inspection Office, Listman Mills, Front and King Streets, 

La Crosse, Wis. 
Room D, Chamber of Commerce Building. 177 Milk Street, 

Boston, Mass. 

Grain Inspection Department, Produce Exchange Build- 
ing. 1 Whitehall Street, New York, N. Y. 

Laboratory. Bowersock Mills & Power Co., 546 Massa- 
chusettsStreet. Lawrence. Kans. 

820 Omaha Grain Exchange Building, Nineteenth and 
Harnev Streets, Omaha, Nebr. 

...do./. 

3 Board of Trade Building. Eighth and Wyandotte Streets, 

Kansas City. Mo. 
14 Stewart Building. 202 South Washington Street, Well- 
ington. Kans. 

Cleveland Gram Co., Fourth Street, Sheldon. Ill 

587 Bourse Building, Fifth and Ludlow Streets, Philadel- 
phia. Pa. 

516 Merchants' Exchange Building, Third and Pine Streets, 
St. Louis, Mo. 

Chief Grain Inspector's Office, C. & O. Elevator "B," 
Newport News, Ya. 

723 Courthouse, Fourth and Salmon Streets. Portland, Oreg. 

Grain Inspection Department, Board of Trade Building. 
320 Magazine Street, New Orleans, La. 

206 Flour Exchange Building, Third Street and Fourth 
Avenue South, Minneapolis, Minn. 

18 Nessmi'di Building, 11S West Iron Street, Salina, Kans. 

82G Chamber of Commerce Building, 240 Main Street, Buf- 
falo, N. Y. 

Glover Building, 227 West Eighth Street. Kansas City. Mo. 
313 Board of Trade Building, 1505 Tower Avenue, Supe- 
rior, Wis. 

587 Bourse Building, Fifth and Ludlow Streets, Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

1917. 



9 


334 


10 


99 


6 


546 


17 


389 


24 


381 


1 


293 


6 


272 


6 


296 


2 


342 


24 


474 


16 


361 


17 


506 


17 


634 


13 


552 


36 


495 


20. 


428 


20 


620 


24 


479 


18 


615 


29 


584 


17 


SOS 


22 


448 


9n 

£M 


421 


18 


497 


1 


365 


2 


5*3 


24 


366 


19 


324 


19 


321 


24 


482 


30 


466 


20 
3 


244 
638 


22 


450 


6 


547 


35 


643 


26 


437 


18 


652 


24 


392 


4 


387 


24 


429 


17 


406 


3 


639 



License suspended Sept. 



Markets 25.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



3 



Table 1. — List of inspectors who held licenses on September 15, 1917, v:Mch were issued 
by the Secretary of Agriculture, to inspect and grade shelled corn and wheat, or either 
shelled com or wheat, and to certificate the grade thereof — Continued. 



Name. 



Address. 



Cooper, Charles W. 
Coslello. Edward J 
Croke, Frank 



Crowe. Luke D. 
*CuIp. Charles.. 
Culp. Mather C. 



Culver. Edward B . . . 
Culver. Edward Hall. 
Cunningham, James.. 



Cunningham, John Joseph 
Dahlquist. Harry Arthur. . . 



Dalrymple, Oliver C. 
*Duniel, Dan 



Dans. Ray C. 



*Davis, Walter R 

*De Fraites. Arthur E. 



Diehl. Peter A..., 
Pi Marco, Fred B 



Dorsey, Lloyd 

Downing, Alexander. . 
Downing, Joseph A. . . 
♦Drysdale, David L . . . 

Duddey, Andrew J 

Dunmire, Albert A 

Dunn, Tines Ragsdalc. 
Duvall, Neville W., jr. 
Earl, Clifford P 



Edwards, Hugh J... 
Btfchart, Harry D. . . 
Ekman, Carl Edwin. 



t*Elam, Herman Palis. 
Elder, Charles A 



♦Elingcr, Elias Henry. 

Elliott, John O 

Engelhorn, Wm. Louis 



Boos, Marcus T 
Brickson, Emil. 



Erskinc, John R. 



Ettelson, John 

Evenson, Arthur F 

Inn, Magmdcr C. 



Fears, Samuel P 

Foering, John Oppell 



Forrestal, James 
Forrestal, Robert M 



Grain Inspection Depart men! . Produce Exchange Build- 
ing. 1 Whitehall Street. New York, N. Y. 

517 Webster Building, 327 South La Salle Street. Chicago, 
111. 

200 Chamber of Commerce Building, 95 Michigan Street? 

Milwaukee, Wis. 
500 Colombia Building, 105 Howard Street, Spokane, Wash 

719 Wabash Building, Liberty Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pa 

3 Board of Trade Building, Eighth and Wyandotte Streets, 

Kansas City, Mo. 

2105 Second National Bank Building, Toledo, Ohio 

do 

505 Alaska Building, Second Avenue and Cherry Street, 

Seattle, Wash. 

Grain Inspection Department, Produce Exchange Build- 
ing, I Whitehall Street, New York, N. Y. 

206 Flour Exchange Building, Third Street and Fourth 
Avenue, South, Minneapolis, Minn. 

do • 

3-4 Skillcrn Building, Second and Scott Streets, Little 
Rock, Ark. 

720 Board of Trade Building, Meridian and Ohio Streets, 
Indianapolis, Ind. 

Room 10, Trust Co. of Georgia Building, Atlanta, Ga 

Grain Inspection Department, Board of Trade Building, 

New Orleans, La. 

735 O Street, Lincoln, Nebr 

727 Board of Trade Building, 303 West First Street , Duluth, 

Minn. 

400 Chamber of Commerce Building, Post Office Avenue 
and Water Street, Baltimore, Md. 

587 Bourse Building, Fifth and Ludlow Streets, Philadel- 
phia, Pa. 

587 Bourse Building, Fifth and Ludlow Streets, Philadel- 
phia, Pa. 

32 Chamber of Commerce Building, 330 South Washington 

Street, Peoria, 111. 
77 Mitchell Building, 9 West Fourth Street, Cincinnati, 

Ohio. 

415 Sedgwick Building, Market and First Streets, Wichita, 
Kans. 

1401 Corby-Forsee Building, Fifth and Felix Streets, St. 
Joseph, Mo. 

21 Board of Trade Building, 301 West Main Street, Louis- 
ville, Ky. 

727 Board of Trade Building, 303 West First Street, Duluth, 
Minn. 

do 

2105 Second National Bank Building, Toledo, Ohio 

820 Omaha Grain Exchange Building, Nineteenth and 
Harney Streets, Omaha, Nebr. 

434 Powell Street, Henderson, Ky 

Grain Inspection Department, Produce Exchange Build- 
ing, 1 Whitehall Street, New York, N. Y. 

Standard Elevator, Indiana Harbor Tracks, Hammond, 
Ind. 

51 6 Merchants Exchange Building, Third and Pine Streets, 
St. Louis, Mo. 



Board of Trade Building, 320 Magazine Street, New Or- 
leans, La. 

Enos Building, 531 State Street, New Albanv, Ind 

727 Board of Trade Building, 303 West First Street, Diuuth, 
Minn. 

717 Insurance Exchange Building, 175 West Jackson 
Boulevard, Chicago, 111. 

do 

304 Flour Exchange Building, Third Street and Fourth 

Avenue South, Minneapolis, Minn. 
3 Board of Trade Building, Eighth and Wvandotte Streets, 
Kansas Citv, Mo. 

....do 

•587 Bourse Building, Fifth and Ludlow Streets, Philadel- 
phia, Pa. 

200 Chamber of Commerce Building, 95 Michigan Street, 
Milwaukee, Wis. 

. ..-.do 

Foss, Ludvjg ■ 20+) Flour Exchange Building, Third Street and Fourth 

iV venue South, Minneapolis, Minn. 



Dis- 
trict 
No. 



2 


344 


20 


417 


16 


423 


33 
5 
24 


520 
271 
476 


13 
13 
34 


345 
343 
514 


2 


398 


18 


611 


18 

2o 


633 
146 


12 


614 


8 
26 


326 
232 


10 
17 


622 
501 


6 


371 


3 


487 


3 


548 


21 


17 


11 


553 


30 


386 


24 


470 


10 


404 


17 


502 


17 
13 


504 


19 


397 
569 


10 

2- 


573 
535 


20 


322 


22 


449 


26 


626 


10 
17 


542 
607 


20 


571 


20 
18 


646 
360 


24 


4S3 


24 

3 


492 

485 


16 


539 


16 
In 


593 
608 



* License for shelled corn only. 



t License suspended Sept. 1, 191; 



4 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



Table 1. — List of inspectors who held licenses on September 15, 1917, which were issued 
by the Secretary of Agriculture, to inspect and grade shelled corn and wheat, or either 
shelled com or wheat, and to certificate the grade thereof — Continued. 



Name. 



Fester, Herbert D. 
Fox, Herbert 



Freeman, William T 

Gardner, Alexander Blair.. 

Gardner, Edwin R 

Garnett, Arthur L 

Garnett, Howard C 

G art in, Linzy E 

Gates, J. Nelson 



Address. 



Gel mar d. Frank 

Geehan, Jerry Joseph 

Getzien, Charles 

t*Gibbons, John P 

Gibbs, Richard 

Gill>ert, Ralph West 

Gilmartin, James J 



Gimpel, John C 

Gliss, William F 

Gordon. Arnolnhus R . . . 
Gray. Frank K 

Gray, Russell W 

Green. Joseph G., jr 

Greer, Benjainin Oty 

Grendahl, Olaf 

Grimes, John George 

Grisehy, John 

Gruhh, Orin A 

Guinane, Edward J , 

Gustafson, Frank A 

Hauler, Lewis 



Hall, Warren B 

Hallam, James A 

Hammer, Frederick C 

Harnp, Charles H 

Hanson, Francis Louis 

Haugen, Magnus B 



Hawn, Arthur E 

Heaiy, John J 

Heathfield, Thomas 

nehman, L. II 

Helms, Thomas A 

Berwick, Joseph Leonard.. 

Hendricks, Riley C 

Heniken, John E 



601 Chamber of Commerce Building, State and Griswold 

Streets, Detroit, Mich. 
32 Chamber of Commerce Building, 330 South Washington 

Street, Peoria, 111. 

Office Building, 1525 Maple Avenue, Terre Haute, Ind 

Room 1, Calhoun and South Front Streets, Memohis, Tenn. 

...do : 

77 Mitchell Building, 9 West Fourth Street, Cincinnati, 
Ohio. 

....do 

723 Courthouse, Fourth and Salmon Streets, Portland, Oreg. 
400 Chamber of Commerce Building, Post Office Avenue 

and Water Street, Baltimore, Md. 
200 Chamber of Commerce Building, 95 Michigan Street, 

Milwaukee, Wis. 
605 Tacoma Building, Eleventh and A Streets, Taecma, 

Wash. 

Office, Armour Elevator A and B, Hooker and Rces Streets, 
Chicago, 111. 

715 Insurance Exchange Building, 175 T\ est J:.ckscn 

Boulevard, Chicago, 111. 
206 Flour Exchange Btulding, Third Street and Fourth 

Avenue South, Minneapolis, Minn. 

411 West Eureka Street, Champaign, 111 

516 Merchants Exchange Builcung, Thirdand Pine Streets, 

St. Louis, Mo. 

400 Chamber of Commerce Building, Post Office Avenue 
and Water Street, Baltimore, Md. 

do 

Mill Office, 116 Seventh Avenue North, St. Cloud, Minn... 
206 Flour Exchange Building, Third Street and Fourth 

Avenue South. Minneapolis, Minn. 
727 Board of Trade Building, 303 West First Street, Duluth, 

Minn. 

Room D, Chamber of Commerce Building, 177 Milk Street . 
Boston, Mass. 

401 Commercial Club Building, 311 Fourth Avenue North, 
Nashville, Tenn. 

727 Board of Trade Building. 303 West First Street, 

Duluth, Minn. 
1 Fruit Auction Buildinc. 615 Stones Levee. Cleveland, 

Ohio. 

126 Merchants exchange Building, Thirdand Chestnut 

Streets, St. Louis, Mo. 
14 Cotton Exchange Building, 2102 Avenue C, Galveston. 

Tex. 

214 Iowa State Bank Building, Third and Jefferson Streets, 
Burlington, Iowa. 

717 Insurance Exchange Building, 175 West Jaekson 
Boulevard, Chicago, 111. 

727 Board of Trade Building, 303 West First Street, Du- 
luth, Minn. 

2105 Second National Bank Building, Toledo, Ohio 

Office, Henderson Elevator Company, East Second Street, 

Henderson, Ky. 
Room D, Chamber of Commerce Building, 177 Milk Street. 

Boston, Mass. 

S0G Zenith Building, Fourth and Robert Streets, St. Paul, 
Minn. 

727 Board of Trade Building, 303 West First Street, Duluth, 
Minn. 



Dis- ; Li- 
trict j cense 
No. No. 



717 Insurance Exchange Btulding, 175 West Jackson j 

Boulevard, Chicago, 111. 
206 Flour Exchange Btulding, Third Street and Fourth 

Avenue South, Minneapolis, Minn. 
Room D, Chamber of Commerce Building, 177 Milk Street, 

Boston, Mass. 

Office, The Mansfield Elevator Company. North Mail) : 
Street and Pennsylvania Railroad, Mansfield, Ohio. 

Basement, Goodrich Bros. Elevator, North Main Street, 
Winchester, Ind. 

Grain Inspection Department, Board of Trade Building, . 
320 Magazine Street, New Orleans, La. 

727 Board of Trade Bunding, 303 West First Street, Du- 
luth, Minn. 

1 Fruit Auction Buildinsr. 015 Stones Levee, Cleveland, 
Ohio. 



15 


555 


21 


34S 


12 


568 


23 


353 


25 


399 


11 


452 


11 


441 


35 


630 


6 


369 


16 


525 


34 


• 519 


20 


419 


20 


291 


IS 


580 


21 


051 


22 


444 


6 


372 


6 


543 


18 


003 


IS 


059 


17 


503 


1 


424 


9 


454 


17 


637 


14 


540 


22 


376 


27 


528 


21 


559 


20 


021 


17 


509 


13 


585 


10 


617 


1 


302 


IS 


G06 


17 


604 


17 


019 


20 


469 


18 


610 


1 


363 


14 


6,4 


12 


5S6 


26 


435 


17 


018 


14 


484 



* License for shelled corn only. 



t License suspended Aug. 13, 1917, pending hearing. 



Markets 25.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



5 



Table 1. — List of inspectors who held licenses on September 15,, 1917, which were issued 
by the Secretary of Agriculture, to inspect and grade shelled corn and wheat, or either 
shelled com or ichcat, and to certificate the grade thereof — Continued.. 



Name. 



Hill is, John... 
Hine, Lev isC. 



Holder. Samuel A 



Hopwood, Howard 11 

Houseal, Miles B 

Hull, Irving T 



Hunt. William A 



Hutchinson. Harris W. 
Ingersoll, John F 



Ergons, Ingolf W 

Irving, I,ee Daily 

Jahn, Robert A 

t*Jamieson, William Cyril. 

Jocrger, Emil J 

Johns- >n, Arvid D 

Johnson, Edward 



Johnson, Edward G 
Johnson, Jalmer O. 
Johnson, John , 



Johnson, Ole C 

Kamrnerer, Phil. C 

Kecle, John 

Keiser, Peter 

Kennedy, Edwin F 

Kcrnan, Eugene E 

Kernan, James E 

Kerner, Jacob V 

Knight, William 

Eolb, Charles W 

Kraus, John Emil 

Laeher, Arthur J 

I. add, Edwin Fremont. .. 

Lamhe, William J 

l a' kin, David H 



Larson, Ole A 

Larson, Paul N 

JLaux, Philip 

Lc Moignan, Joseph 

Lenoek, Joseph Jerome . 
Le Suer, Ralph V 



*Lias. Charles F . 
Littler, I. R 



*Loefke, Herms 



Address. 



Glover Building, 227 West Eighth Street, Kansas City, Mo . 
m) Cooper Building, 101)9 Seventeenth Street, Denver, 
Colo. 

720 Board of Trade Building, Meridian and Ohio Streets, 
[pdianapolis, Ind. 

719 Wabash Building, Liberty Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pa 

Room l, Calhoun and South Front Streets, Memphis, Tenn. 

400 Chamber of Commerce Building, Post Ollice Avenue 
and Water Street , Baltimore, Md. 

717 Insurance Exchange Building, 175 West Jackson Bou- 
levard, Chicago, HI. 

022 Rorabaugh- Wiley Building, Hutchinson, Kans 

712 Board of Trade Building, 303 West First Street, 
Duluth, Minn. 

206 Flour Exchange Building, Third Street and Fourth 
Avenue South, Minneapolis, Minn. 

21 Board of Trade Building, 301 West Main Street, Louis- 
ville, Kv. 

727 Board of Trade Building, 303 West First Street, Du- 
luth, Minn. 

Inspector's Olfice, Port Covington Elevator, Light Street, 

Baltimore, Md. 
800 Cooper Building, 1009 Seventeenth Street, Denver, 

Colo. 

820 Omaha Grain Exchange Building, Nineteenth and 

Harney Streets, Omaha, Nebr. 
200 Flour Exchange Building, Third Street and Fourth 
Avenue, South, Minneapolis, Minn. 

do 

do 

717 Insurance Exchange Building, 175 West Jackson Boule- 
vard, Chicago, HI. 
727 Board of Trade Building, 303 West First Street, Du- 
lut h, Minn. 

200 Chamber of Commerce Building, 95 Michigan Street, 

Milwaukee, Wis. 
717 Insurance Exchange Building, 175 West Jackson 

Boulevard, Chicago, ill. 
Grain Inspection Department, Board of Trade,Building, 

320 Magazine Street, New Orleans, La. 
587 Bourse Building, Fifth and Ludlow Streets, Phila- 

delphia, Pa. 

312 Board of Trade Building, 1505 Tower Avenue, Supe- j 
rior, Wis. 

311 Board of Trade Building, 1505 Tower Avenue, Supe- ; 
rior, Wis. 

14 Cotton Exchange Building, 2102 Avenue. C, Galveston, 
Tex. ! 

21 Board of Trade Building, 301 West Main Street, Louis- 
ville, Ky. j 

587 Bourse Building, Fifth and Ludlow Streets, Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

820 Chamber of Commerce Buildimr, 240 Main Street, 
Buffalo, N. Y. 

200 Flour Exchange Building, Third Street and Fourth | 

Avenue South, Minneapolis. Minn. 
Room 24, Chemistry Building Agricultural I ollege. 

Fargo, N. Dak. 
Allin Building. 1218 South Maple Strict, Cofleyi Die, Kans . 
400 Chamber of Commerce Building, Post Office Avenue 

and Water Street, Baltimore, Md. 
727 Board of Trade Building, 303 West First Street. Duluth, 

Minn. 

004 Davidson Building, Sixth and Pierce Streets, Sioux 
City, Iowa. 

126 Merchants Exchange Building, Third and « hestnut 

Streets, St. Louis, Mo. 
727 Board of Trade Building, 303 West First Street, Duluth, 

Minn. 

Keystone Elevator, One hundred and sixth Street and 

Calumet River, Chicago, 111. 
200 Flour Exchange Building, Third Street and Fourth 

Avenue, South, Minneapolis, Minn. 

383 Addison Avenue, Elmhurst, 111 

Office. Missouri Valley Elevator, Ninth street, Missouri 

\ alley Iowa. 

£26 Chamber of Commerce Building, 210 Main Street, 
Buffalo, N.Y. 1 



Dis- 
trict 
No. 



24 


393 


31 


583 


12 


388 


5 


430 


25 


537 


6 


545 


20 


649 


30 


355 


17 


391 


18 


048 


10 


407 


17 


023 


G 


113 


31 


395 


19 


012 


18 


496 


18 


036 


18 


575 


20 


413 


17 


505 


10 


534 


20 


439 


2!) 


•lou 


3 


551 


17 


409 


17 


457 


27 


530 


10 


403 


3 


550 


4 


440 


18 


060 


18 


032 


30 


464 


6 


368 


17 


513 


19 


587 


22 


377 


17 


499 


20 


415 


18 


5S1 


10 


654 


19 


005 


4 


335 



* License for shelled corn only, 
t License-suspended July 7, 1917. 



X License suspended July 31, 1917, pending hearing. 



6 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



Table 1. — List of inspectors who held licenses on September 15, 1917, uhich were issued 
by the Secretary of Agriculture, to inspect and grade shelled corn and ivheat, or either 
shelled corn or wheat, and to certificate the grade thereof— Continued. 



Name. 



Address. 



Loos, Fred L 

Lorimer, John M. . 

**Lucy. James W. 
Lynn, John 



3 Board of Trade Building, Eighth and Wyandotte Streets, 

Kansas City, Mo. 
Calumet Elevator Office, One hundred and second Street 

and Calumet River, Chicago, 111. 
123 Sidwav Street. Buffalo, N . Y 



Lynn, William F I 

Lyons, William Merton ! 



*Mack, John. 



*Mallanev, J. F..._.. 
♦Martin, Robert H. 
*Jfortin, Thomas F. 



Matland, John X 

Maxfield, Charles F 

* McCarthy, Eugene, jr 

McCarthy, Luke J 

MeDermott, John T 



McGovern, James A . . 
McGowan, Ross James 

McKinnon, Edward.. 



McKinstrie, Robert. M 

Mc Knight, Joseph Ray 

McLaughlin. Frank..'. 

McMillan. Archibald 

McNamara. John E 

McVeigh, Patherick H 

Meehan. Harvey C 

♦Miller, Harry 

♦Miller. Walter D 

Milligan, Theodore Watson . 

Miner, Thomas M 

Mitchell, Fred W 

Moran, Edward E 

*Morris, George Courson 

Mossberg, Samuel H 



Munson, George Francis. 

Nelson, Louis M 

Noble, James A 

Noll, Edward C 

Nye, Ray J 

O'Connor, Otis E 

O'Hara, John 



Oliver, Harrv E .. 
Oppelt, Frank K. 



Owens. John. . . 
Page, Edwin H. 



* License for 



5S7 Bourse Building, Fifth and Ludlow Streets, Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

do 

126 Merchants Exchange Building, Third and Chestnut 

Streets, St. Louis, Mo. 
S26 Chamber of Commerce Building, 240 Main Street, 

Buffalo, N. Y. 

Bartlett i-razier Co., Entrance Avenue, Kankakee, Hi 

221 South Wescott Avenue. Sioux Citv, Iowa 

826 Chamber of Commerce Building, 240 Main Street. 
Buffalo, N. Y. 

206 Flour Exchange Bunding, Third Street and Fourth 

Avenue, South. Minneapolis, Minn. 
300 Zenith Building, Fourth and Robert Streets, St. Paul, 

Minn. 

717 Insurance Exchange Building, 175 West Jackson Bou- 
levard, Chicago, 111. 

601 Chamber of Commerce Building, State and Griswoid 
Streets, Detroit, Mich. 

717 Insurance Exchange Building, 175 West Jackson Bou- I 
levard, Chicago, 111. 

Mill Building, Agricultural College, Fargo, N. Dak 

820 Omaha Grain Exchange Building, Nineteenth and I 
Harney Streets, Omaha, Nebr. 

311 Board of Trade Building, 1.505 Tower Avenue, Superior. : 
Wis. 

Indiana Harbor Elevator, Indiana Harbor, Indiana 

Glover Building, 227 West Eighih Street, Kansas Citv, Mo. 1 
820 Omaha Grain Exchange Building.' Nineteenth and 

Harney Streets, Omaha, Nebr. 
311 Board of Trade Building. 1-505 Tower Avenue. Superior. 

Wis. 

206 Flour Exchange Building, Third Street and Fourth 

Avenue South. Minneapolis. Minn. 
3 Board of Trade Bmlding. Eighth and Wvandotte Streets. 

Kansas City, Mo. 
32 Chamber of Commerce Building. 330 South Washing- 
ton Street, Peoria, 111. 
720 Board of Trade Building. Meridian and Ohio Streets. 

Indianapolis. Ind. 
32 Chamber of Commerce Buildup. 330 South Washington 

Street, Peoria, 111. 
820 Omaha Grain Exchange Biulding. Nineteenth and 

Harney Streets. Omaha, Nebr. 
400 Chamber of Commerce Building. Post Office Avenue 

and Water Street, Baltimore, Md. 
Commercial Club Room. Masonic Temple Biulcling. 113 

East Fifth Street, Fremont, Nebr. 
717 Insurance Exchange Building, 175 West Jackson 

Boulevard, Chicago, til. 

717 Wabash Bmlaing, Liberty Avenue. Pittsburgh. Pa 

206 Flour Exchange Building. Third Street and Fourth 

Avenue South. Minneapolis. Minn. 
77 Mitchell Building. 9 West Fourth Street. Cincinnati. 

Ohio. 

727 Board of Trade Building. 303 West First Street. 

Duluth. Minn. 
717 Insurance Exchange Building. 175 West Jackson 

Boulevard, Chicago. 111. 
200 Chamber of Commerce Building. 95 Michigan Street, 

Milwaukee. Wis. 

311 Board of Trade Building, 1505 Tower Avenue. Sup- ] 
erior, Wis. 

3 Board of Trade Building. Eighth and Wyandotte Streets. \ 

Kansas Citv, Mo. 
77 Mitchell Building. 9 West Fourth Street. Cincinnati. 1 

Ohio. 

109 South Valley Street, New Him, Minn I 

727 Board of Trade Building, 303 West First Street, Du- ] 
luth, Minn. 

712 Board of Trade Building. 303 West First Street. 
Duluth, Minn. 

312 Board of Trade Building, 1505 Tower Avenue. Sup- 
erior, Wis. I 

shelled corn only. ** License for wheat only 



Dis- ; Li- 

trict ! cens< 
No. No. 



24 


481 


20 


426 


4 

2. 


656 
486 


3 
22 


549 
379 


4 


337 


20 
19 
4 


270 

305 
338 


18 


574 


18 


498 


20 


311 


15 


554 


20 


418 


18 

19 


629 

558 


17 


456 


20 
24 
19 


641 
374 
613 


17 


410 


18 


577 


24 


473 


21 


523 


12 


339 


21 


13 


19 


394 


6 


370 


19 


570 


20 


427 


18 


6^5 
616 


11 


425 


17 


510 


20 


566 


16 


541 


17 


455 


24 


478 


11 


560 


18 
17 


590 
658 


17 


390 


17 





Markets 25.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



7 



Table 1. — List of inspectors who held licenses on September 15, 1917 , which tvere issued 
b>f the Secretary of Agriculture, to inspect and grade shelled com and ivheat, or either 
shelled com or ivheat, and to certificate the grade thereof— Continued. 



Name. 



Parish. Charles E 

Pease. Charles M 

Petty. John William 

Pillow, Frank E 

♦Poisel, Charles O 

Porter. Charles E 

Post. Anson C 

Powell. George Bertram 

Powell. William Smith 

Raiehart, Edward 

Raker, Charles Frederick . . . 

Ramsey, George W., jr 

Rasrniissen, Rasmus J 

Reavis, Frank 

Recker, William W 

Rehnke, E. R 

♦Remington, Floyd R 

Rice, J. Walter 

Riley, Eugene L 

Risser, Harry E 

9 

Roberts, Clarence 

Roberts, John Thomas 

Robinson, Clarence W 

Robinson, James Edwin 

Ross, George B 

Rowe, Van Rensselaer 

Ruger, Edward I 

Ryan, David Joseph 

Sartison, Franz 

Saiinders,Robt.R 

Scan lan, J. Paul 

Schall, William 

Scheer, Henry Michael 

Schmidt, Walter E 

Schroil)cr, Herman J 

*Scott, Harrv E 

Seinsoth, Henry Jacob 

Selvig, Victor H 

♦Server, Clarence E 

*Shunahan, Michael 

Shanahan, Paul S 

Shannon, Alexander Reid. . 



Address. 



200 Flour Exchange Building, Third Street and Fourth 

Avenue South, Minneapolis, Minn. 
415 Sedgwick B uilding, Market and First Streets, Wichita, 

Kans. 

21 Board of Trade Building, 301 West Main Street, Louis- 
ville, Ky. 

605 Tacoma Building, Eleventh and A Streets, Tacoma, 
Wash. 

720 Board of Trade Building, 143 Meridian Street, Indian- 
apolis, Ind. 

723 Courthouse, Fourth and Salmon Streets, Portland, 
Oreg. 

Oflice. Alexander Elevator, Winfield, Kans 

826 Omaha Grain Exchange Building, Nineteenth and 

Harney Street s, Omaha, Nebr. 
Hastings Building, Board of Trade, 915 Ohio Street, 

Cairo, 111. 

717 Insurance Exchange Building, 175 West Jackson Boul- 
evard, Chicago, 111. 

587 Bourse Building, Fifth and Ludlow Streets, Philadel- 
phia, Pa. 

Cedar Rapids Grain Co., Cedar Rapids, Iowa 

727 Board of Trade Building, 303 West First Street, Du- 
hith, Minn. 

3 Board of Trade Building, Eighth and Wyandotte Streets, 
Kansas City, Mo. 

601 Chamber of Commerce Building, State and Griswold 
Streets, Detroit, Mich. 

304 Flour Exchange Building, Third Street and Fom'th 
Avenue South, Minneapolis, Minn. 

32 Chamber of Commerce Building, 330 South Washing- 
ton Street, Peoria, 111. 

200 Chamber of Commerce Building, 95 Michigan Street, 
Milwaukee, Wis. 

826 Chamber of Commerce Building, 240 Main Street, 
Buffalo, N. Y. 

J. Rosenbaum Elevator, One hundred and second Street 
and Calumet River, South Chicago, 111. 

Abilene, Kans 

401 Commercial Club Building, 311 Fourth Avenue, Nash- 
ville, Term. 

14 Cotton Exchange Building, 2102 Avenue C, Galveston, 
Tex. 

Grain and Cotton Exchange, Bewley Building. 212 West 

Seventh Street, Fort Worth, Tex. 
Glover Building, 22 7 West Eighth Si reet , Kansas City, Mo. 

4 Merchants Elevator Building, 1802 Rockingham Road, 
Davenport. Iowa. 

200 Chamber of Commerce Building, 95 Michigan Street, 
Milwaukee, Wis. 

Grain Inspection Department, Produce Exchange Build- 
ing, 1 Whitehall Street, New York, N. Y. 

126 Merchants Exchange Building, Third and Chestnut 
Streets, St. Louis, Mo. 

516 Merchants Exchange Building, Third and Pine Streets, 
St. Louis, Mo. 

820 Omaha Grain Exchange. Building, Nineteenth and 
Harney Streets, Omaha, Nebr. 

Sample Room, South Chicago Elevator Office, Ninety- 
third Street and Harbor Avenue, Chicago, 111. 

Chief Grain Inspector's Office, C. & O. Elevator "B," 
Newport News, Va. 

719 Insurance Exchange Building, 175 West Jackson 
Boulevard, Chicago, 111. 

Second floor, Board of Trade Building, Fifth and Com- 
mercial Streets, Atchison, Kans. 

619 Davidson Building, Sioux City, Iowa 

Grain Inspection Department, Produce. Exchange Build- 
ing, 1 Whitehall Street, New York, N. Y. 

727 Board of Trade Building, 303 West First Street. Duluth, 
Minn. 

A. Waller & Co. Elevator, Third Street and L. & N. R. R., 

Henderson, Ky. 

Board of Trade Building, 915 Ohio Street, Cairo, 111 

826 Chamber of Commerce Building, 210 Main Street.. 

Buffalo, N. Y. 

511 Commerce Building, High and Spring Streets. Colum- 
bus, Ohio. 

f License for shelled corn onlv. 



Dis- 
trict 
No. 



18 


576 


OU 


ooi 


10 


400 


34 


518 


12 


328 


35 


531 


30 


522 


19 


459 


23 


592 


20 


412 


3 


565 


20 


653 


17 


598 


24 


477 


15 


375 


18 


358 


21 


600 


16 


527 


4 


• 491 


20 


416 


2_< 


461 


9 


442 


27 


561 


28 


432 


24 


609 


21 


401 


16 


526 


2 


536 


22 


467 


22 


445 


19 


556 


20 


420 


6 


438 


20 


532 


24 


380 


id 


655 


2 


350 


17 


597 


10 


277 


23 


39 


4 


383 


11 


451 



8 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



Table 1. — List of inspectors who held licenses on September IS, 1917, which were issued 
by the Secretary of Agriculture, to inspect and grade shelled corn and v:lieat, or either 
shelled corn or wheat, and to certificate the grade thereof— Continued. 



Name. 



Shelley, Clarence W 

Shepard. Celsus 

Sherman, Darwin D 

Shull, Charles W 

*Silbernagel, William H 

Silcox, Chester 

Sims, John 

^Slaughter, Irving Kay 

Slingerland, Alfred 

Slingerland, Alfred G 

Smith, Alton C 



Smith, James Edward. 
Smith, Samuel H 



Spera, William 
Spotz. Frank J. 



Stevens, Thomas A 

Stratton, Albert FranMin. . 

Sullivan, John F 

Swanstrom, Charles W 

Sweeney, Frank Joseph 

Sweeney, Patrick J 

Sweeney, Thomas F 

Taylor, Jacob L 

Thomas, Sam D 

Thompson, Robert F 

Tilt on, James A 

Tompkins, Frank B 

Ton, Philip J 

Townsend, Samuel H. . 

Tracy, John J 

Tracy, Walter J 

Tunell, George H 

Tuthill, Horace A 

Vgrt, Philip 

Voegele, Charles 

Waddick, Richard L 

AVard, Charles J 



Address. 



Wasser, Joseph C. 
* Weiss. Godfrey.. 



Wetzel, Frederick T. . . 
Whee!er, James Birdet. 

Wheeler, Walter 

White, George H. K... 



206 Flour Exchange Building, Third Street and Fourth 

Avenue, South, Minneapolis, Minn. 
3 Board of Trade Building, Eighth and Wyandotte Streets, 

Kansas Citv, Mo. 
727 Board of Trade Building, 303 West First Street, Du- 

luth, Minn. 

Glover Building, 227 West Eighth Street, Kansas City, Mo. 

200 West Main Street, Louisville, Kv .* 

560 I. W. Hellman Bmlding. 411 South Main Street, Los 
Angeles, Cal. 

314 Lincoln Avenue, Clay Center, Kans 

21 Board of Trade Building, Third and Main Streets, 
Louisville, Ky. 

Grain Inspection Department, Produce Exchange Build- 
ing, 1 Whitehall Street, New York, N. Y. 

do 

727 Board of Trade Building, 303 West First Street, Du- 
luth, Minn. 

Grain Inspection Department, Produce Exchange Build- 
ing, 1 Whitehall Street, New York, N. Y. 

719 Insurance Exchange Budding, 175 West Jackson 
Boulevard, Chicago, 111. 

2105 Second National Bank Building, Toledo, Ohio 

Irondale Elevator "A," One Hundred and Seventh Street 
and Muskegon Avenue, Chicago, 111. 

500 Columbian Bmlding, 105 Howard Street. Spokane, 
Wash. 

826 Chamber of Commerce Building, 240 Main Street, 
Buffalo, N. Y. 

126 Merchants Exchange Building, Third and Chestnut 

Streets, St. Louis, Mo. 
727 Board of Trade Building, 303 West First Street, Du- 

luth, Minn. 

Grain Inspection Department, Produce Exchange Build- 
ing, 1 Whitehall Street, New York, N. Y. 

603 Tacoma Budding, Eleventh and A Streets, Tacoma. 
Wash. 

605 Tacoma Building, Eleventh and A Streets, Tacoma, 
Wash. 

Room 2 ; Vanderburgh County Courthouse. Fourth Street, 

Evansville, Ind. 
400 Chamber of Commerce Building, Post Office Avenue 

and Water Street, Baltimore, Md. 
516 Merchants Exchange Building, Third and Pine Streets, 

St. Louis, Mo. 

820 Omaha Grain Exchange Building, Nineteenth and 

Harney Streets, Omaha, Nebr. 
32 Chamber of Commerce Building, 330 South Washington 

Street, Peoria, ill. 
505 Alaska Budding, Second Avenue and Cherry Street, 

Seattle, Wash. 

5S7 Bourse Building, Fifth and Ludlow Streets, Phila- 
delphia, Pa. 

516 Merchants Exchange Building, Third and Pine Streets, 
St. Louis, Mo. 

Norris Elevator, Ninety-eighth Street and Calumet River. 
Chicago, HI 

300 Zenith Building, Fourth and Robert Streets, St. Paul, 
Minn. 

206 Flour Exchange Bmlding, Third Street and Fourth 
Avenue, South, Minneapolis, Minn. 

587 Bourse Budding, Fifth and Ludlow Streets, Philadel- 
phia, Pa. 

77 Mitchell Building', 9 West Fourth Street, Cincinnati, 
Ohio. 

206 Flour Exchange Building, Third Street and Fourth 

Avenue South, Minneapolis, Minn. 
605 Tacoma Building, Eleventh and A Streets, Tacoma, 

Wash. 

Glover Building 227 West Eighth Street, Kansas City. Mo 
826 Chamber of Commerce Budding, 240 Maui Street, 
Buffalo, N. Y. 

Office, Santa Fe Elevator, Twentv-scventh and Robey 
Streets, Chicago, 111. 

1401 Corby-Forsee Building, Fifth and Felix Streets, 
St. Joseph, Mo. 

Grain Inspection Department, Produce Exchange Bmld- 
ing, 1 Whitehall Street. New York, N. Y. 

Grain Inspection Department, Produce Exchange Build- 
ing, 1 Whitehall Street, New York, N. Y. 
* License for shelled corn only. 



Dis- 
trict 
No. 



18 


635 


24 


480 


17 


512 


2i 
10 
36 


627 
259 
493 


24 
10 


642 
37 


2 


624 


2 
17 


341 
591 


2 


349 


20 


650 


13 
20 


396 
463 


33 


599 


4 


490 


22 


356 


17 


500 


2 


352 


34 


601 


34 


602 


10 


563 


g 


367 


22 


468 


19 


460 


21 


494 


34 


515 


3 


640 


22 


446 


20 


443 


18 


589 


18 


579 


,*t 


488 


11 


489 


IS 


617 


34 


516 


24 
4 


384 
336 


20 


462 


24 


471 


2 


354 


2 


340 



Markets 25. 1 SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



9 



Table 1. — List of inspectors who held licenses on September 15, 1917, which were issued 
by the Secretary of Agriculture, to inspect and grade shelled corn and wheat, or either 
shelled corn or wheat, and to certificate the grade </fm?q/— Continued. 



Name. 



Wiokstrom, Hilding A 

Widiciis, Arnold J 



Wilkie. John Matthew 

Williams, Charles M 

•Williams. Jolm K 



Williams, Ray.... 
Windiam, George. 



Winn. John Oliver.... 
Wishmire, Christopher. 



Wishmire, Thomas 

Wollard, Christonher A. 



Wrighl . Andrew J. 
Wright, Ralph C. . 



Young, Walter B 

Youngren, Edward Ernest. , 



Zarwell. Edward E. 
Ziesemer, Rufus 



Addres 



14 Cotton Exchange, 2102 Avenue C, Galveston, Tex 

126 Merchants Exchange Building, Third and Chestnut 
Streets, St. Louis, Mo. 

Grain Inspection Department, Board of Trade Building, 
320 Magazine Street, New Orleans, La. 

3 Board of Trade Building, Eighth and Wyandotte 
Streets, Kansas City, Mo. 

Chamber of Commerce Building, 205 Main Street, Jack- 
sonville. Ela. 

Elevator Building, Inspector's Office. New Prague, Minn. . 
Grain Inspection Department, Produce Exchange Build- 
ing, 1 Whitehall Street. New York, N. Y. 
1402 Corbv-Forsec Building, Fifth and Felix Streets, 

St. Joseph, Mo. 
720 Board of Trade Building, Meridian and Ohio Streets, 

Indianapolis, Ind. 

do 

Room 224 Abilene Mills Building, Northeast Third Slice) , 

Abilene, Kans. 

Office, Elevator A, Winona. Minn 

206 Flour Exchange Building, Third Street and Fourth 

Avenue, South, Minneapolis, Minn. 

do 

727 Board of Trade Building, 303 West First Street, 

Duluth, Minn. 
200 Chamber of Commerce Building. 95 Michigan Sheet . 

Milwaukee, Wis. 
304 Flour Exchange Building, Third Sheet and Fourth 

Avenue, South, Minneapolis, Minn. 



Dis- 
trict 
No. 


Li- 
cense 
No. 


27 


458 


22 


378 


26 


434 


24 


475 


8 


186 


18 


507 


2 


351 


24 


433 


12 


453 


12 


533 


24 


594 


18 


588 


18 


578 


IS 


645 


17 


628 


16 


564 


18 


359 



Table 2. — Address of Office of Federal Grain Supervision, name and license number of 
each licensed inspector, and point or points {county or town) where he will perform 
inspection services, in each district, on September 15, 1917. 

District No. 1. 

[Ofhce of Federal Grain Supervision, 1140 Oliver Building, 141 Milk Street, Boston, Mass.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



Name. 



Berry, Benjamin S Boston, Mass. 

'Bolan, Bernard J Portland, Me. 

ratlin, Seth Boston, Mass. 

Creen, Joseph G ■ do 

Hammer. Frederick C do 

Heathfield, Thomas do 



Inspection points. 



License 
No. 



364 
293 
365 
424 
362 
363 



District No. 2. 

[Olficeof Federal Crain Supervision, 1607 Lords Court, 27 William Street, New York, N. Y.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



Arrance, Augustus | Harbor of New York, Queens, Kings. Richmond 

Counties, N. Y.; Hudson County, N. J. 

Boyce, Arthur do. 

Cavanagh, John M | do, 

Cooper, Charles W 1 do. 

Cunningham, John J 1 do. 

Elder, Charles A I do. 

Ryan, David Joseph [ do. 

Semsoth, Henry Jacob 1 do. 

Sttngerland, Alfred I do. 

Slingerland, Alfred G > do. 

Smith, James Edward J do. 

Sweeney, Frank Joseph I do. 

Wheeler, Walter I do. 

White, Ceorge B. K I do. 

Windiam, George j do. 



347 

342 
538 
344 
398 
535 
530 
350 
624 
341 
349 
352 
354 
340 
351 



11521 



■'■ License for shelled corn only. 



10 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



Table 2. — Address of Office of Federal Grain Supervision, name and license number of 
each licensed inspector, and point or points {county or town) where he mill perform 
inspection services, in each district, on September 15, 1917 — Continued. 

District No. 3. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 578 Bourse Building, Philadelphia, Pa.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



Name. 


Inspection points. 


License 
No. 


CJeary, Richard J 


Philadelphia, Pa 


638 
639 
487 
545 
485 
551 
550 
486 
549 
565 
640 
483 


Downing, Uexander 

Downing, Joseph A 


do 

do 


Foering, John Oppell 

Kennedy, Edwin F 


do 

do 




do 


Lynn John 


do...... 


Lynn.' William F 


do 




do 


Townsend, Samuel H 


do , 


Vert, Philip 


do 







District No. 4. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 98 Dim Building, Buffalo, N. Y.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



Anderson, Alfred , I Buffalo, N. Y. 

Auerbach, Charles F do 

Connors, Patrick D do 

Kraus, John Emil do 

*Loefke, Herman do 

**Lucv. James W do 

*Mack, John do 

-Martm, Thomas P do 

Riley, Eugene L do 

Shanahan, Paul S do 

Strstton, Albert Franklin do 

* Weiss, Godfrey do 



382 
567 
387 
440 
335 
656 
337 
33S 
491 
383 
490 
336 



District No. 5. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 613-015 Wabash Building, Pittsburgh, Pa.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



*Culp, Charles I Pittsburgh, Pa . 

Hopwood, Howard H j do 

*Morris, George C j do 



271 
430 

625 



District No. 6. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 409 Garrett Office Building, Baltimore, Md. 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



Ball. J.Edgar 

Benedict, Orville W 

Bittrick, George L 

*Bonds, Jacob R 

*Bookev, Yelverton Evans 
Cofer. Y\ esley Randolph. . . 

Dorse y, Lloyd 

Gates, J. Nelson 

G impel, John C 

Gliss. William F 

Hull, Irving T 

t*Jamieson, William ( yril. 

Larkin, David H ' 

Miner, Thomas M 

Scheer, Henry Michael 
Thomas. Sluti-D 



Baltimore, Md 

do 

do 

Norfolk and Portsmouth. V 

Richmond, Va 

Newport News, Va 

Baltimore, Md 

do 

....do 

...do 

...do 

...do 

....do 

....do 

Newport News,Va 

Baltimore, Md 







544 
373 
546 
272 
» 
517 
371 
369 
372 
543 
545 
143 
36S 
370 
438 
367 



License for shelled corn only. ** License for wheat only. f License suspended July 7, 1917 



Markets 25.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY' ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



11 



Table 2. — Address of Office of Federal Grain Sup<.r>;ishn, name and license number of 
each licensed inspector] and point or points {county or town) wlwe he will perform, 
inspection services, in each district, on September 1~>, 1917 — Continued. 

District No. 8. 

[Office of Federal Grain Super vision, 17J0 Third National Bank Building, Atlanta, Ga.] 
LICE N SE D lNSrECTo R S . 



Name. 



•i»avis, Walter R . 
* Williams, John K 



Inspection poinu- 



A Mania, Ga 

Jacksonville, FJa . 



License 
No. 



District No. 8. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 807 Independent Life Building, Nashville, Term.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



♦Binkley, Wendell II... 
Greer, Benjamin Oly... 
Roberts, John Thomas. 



Nashville, Teun 

Nash\ ille, Tt!jin.,and Hopki 
do 



District No. 10. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 27 Board of Trade Building, Louisville, Ky 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



Bcnsing. August William Louisville, Ky 

♦Birk Charles Gilbert I do 

Duvall, Neville Winchester, jr 

t*E lam, Herman Palis 

Enos,. Marcus T 

Hallam, James A 

Irving, Lee Daily 

Knight, William 

Petty, John William 

♦Server, Clarence E 

♦Silbernagcl, William II 

♦Slaughter, Irving Ray 

Taylor, Jacob I 



....do 

Henderson, Ky. . . 
New Alba:ny : Ind 
Henderson/ivy. . . 

Louisville. Kv 

....do 

....do 

Henderson, Ky.. . 

Louisville, Kv 

....do 

Evansvillc.Ind. . 



District No. 11. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 210 Johnson Building, Cincinnati, Ohio.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



Duddey, Andrew J 

Garnett, Arthur L 

Garnet t, Howard C 

Munson, George Francis. . . 

O'Hara, John 

Shannon, Alexander Reid. 
Voegele, Charles 



Cincinnati, Ohio. 

....do 

....do.„ 

....do 

....do 

Columbus, Ohio. 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 



District No. 12. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 827 Board of Trade Building, Indianapolis, Ind.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



Bans, Ray C I Indianapolis. Ind. 

Freeman, William T ! Terre Haute. Ind. 

Helms, Thomas A I Winchester, Ind. 

Holder, Samuel A I Indianapolis, Ind. 

•Miller. Harry ! do. 

♦Poisel, Charles O I do. 

Wishmire, Christopher ! do. 

TVishmire, Thomas do. 



♦License for shelled corn only. 



t License suspended Sept. 1, 1917. 



12 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



Table 2. — Address of Office of Federal Grain Supervision, name and license number of 
each licensed inspector, and point or points (county or town) where he will perform 
inspection services, in each district, on September 15, 1917 — Continued. 

District No. 13. 

[Orfice of Federal Grain Supervision. 2009 Second National Bank Building, Toledo, Ohio.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



Name. 



Brundage. Homer J 
Culver. Edward B . 



Inspection points. 



License 
No. 



552 



Toledo, Ohio 

do I 345 

Culver, Edward Hall I do 343 

Einhart, Harry D ! do 397 

Hall, Warren B ! do 1 585 

Spera, William A ! do 396 

District No. 14. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 709 Illuminating Building, Cleveland, Ohio.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 

Grimes. John George ' Cleveland, Ohio 540 

Hehman, L. H ! Mansfield, Ohio 644 

Heniken. John E Cleveland, Ohio 4S4 

District No. 15. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 314 Hoiden Building. 211 Griswold St.. Detroit, Mich.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



Foster, Herbert D 1 Detroit, Mich 555 

McCarthv. Luke J do 554 

R ecker . William W do 375 



District No. 16. - 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 513 Wells Building, 122 Wisconsin Street. Milwaukee, Wis.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 

Breed, Allen A Wilwaukee. Wis 361 

Croke, Frank do 423 

Forrestal , James do 539 

Forrestal, Robert M do 593 

Gcbhard, Frank do 525 

Kammerer , Phil C I do 534 

*Lias, Charles F ! do 654 

Noll, Edward C I do 541 

Rice, J. Walter do 527 

Ruger , E dward 1 1 do 526 

Zarweli, Edward E 1 do 564 



District No. 17. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 309 Oleucoe Building, Duluth, Minn.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



B : orge, Hans P Duluth and Minneapolis. Minn., and Superior, 389 

* I Wis. 

Brown, Baldwin ! Duluth, Minn. . and Superior. "U is 506 

Brown, Thomas J ' do ; 634 

Carlson, Magnus T do i >08 

Coombes , John B : Superior, Wis I 406 

Di Marco. Fred B ; Duluth, Minn., and Superior, W is 501 

Earl , Clifford P do 502 

Edwards , Hugh J do ">04 

Erickson, Emil do 607 

Giay, Russell W do 503 

^License for shelled corn only. 



Markets 25.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



13 



Table 2. — Address of Office of Federal Grain Supervision, name and license number of 
each licensed inspector, and point or points (county or town) where he will perform 
inspection services, in each district, on September 15, 1917 — Continued. 



District No. 17— Continued. 
LICENSED INSPECTORS— Continued. 



Name. 



Grendahl, Olaf 

Bagler, Lewis 

Hanson. Francis Louis. 

Hbugen, Magnus B 

Hendricks. Riley C 

Ingcrsoll, John F 



Inspection points. 



Liconse 
No. 



DulUth, Minn., and Superior, Wis 

do 

do 

....do 

...do 

Duluth and Minneapolis, Minn., and Superior 
Wis. 

Duluth, Minn., and Superior, Wis 

do 

Superior, Wis 

do 

Duluth, Minn., and Superior, Wis 

do 

Superior, Wis 

.do. 



.Tahn. Robert A 

Johnson, Ole C 

Kcrnan, Eugene E 

Kernan, James E 

Larson, Ole A 

Ix* Moignan, Joseph 

McKinnon, Edward 

McMillan. Archibald 

Nelson, Louis M j Duluth, Minn., and Superior, Wis .". 

Nye, Ray J I Superior, Wis 

Oppelt, Frank K I Duluth, Minn., and Superior, Wis 

Owens, John ! Duluth and Minneapolis, Minn., and Superior, 

j Wis. 

Page, Edwin TI Superior, Wis 

Rasmus sen, Rasmus J Duluth, Minn., and Superior, Wis 

Selvig, Victor II ' do 

Sherman, Darwin D 1 do 

Smith, Alton C ' do 

Swanstrom, Charles W : do 

Youngren, Edward E 1 do 



G37 
509 
G04 
619 
618 
391 

623 
505 
409 
457 
513 
499 
456 
410 
510 
455 
658 
390 

411 

598 
597 
512 
591 
500 
628 



District No. 18. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 326 Flour Exchange, Minneapolis, Minn.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



Calcy, Harry Minneapolis and Duluth, Minn 

( aswellj William R LaCrosseand Minneapolis, Minn. 

Collins, George A ! Marshall and Minneapolis, Minn. 

Dahlquist, if airy A Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minn.. 

Dalrymple, Oliver C • Minneapolis, Mum. 

Evenson, Arthur F \ Minneapolis and Duluth, Minn. 

Foss, Ludvig 1 Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minn. 

Gibbs, Richard ! do. 

Gordon. Arnolphus R St. Cloud and Minneapolis, Minn 

Gray, Frank R i Mankato and Minneapolis, Minn 

ITamp, Charles H ] Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minn 

Healy, John J ' do 

Irgens, Iimolf W Minneapolis, Minn 

Jonnson , Edward 1 do 

Johnson , Edward G ! do 

Johnson, Jalmer O Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minn 

Lacher, Arthur J : Waseca and Minneapolis, Minn 

Ladd, Edwin F : Fargo, N. Dak 

Le Suer. Ralph V Minneapolis and Duluth, Minn 

Mat land. John N 1 do 

Max field, Charles F i St. Paul, Minn 

McGovern, James A I Fargo, N. Dak 

McNamara, John E j Minneapolis and Duluth, Minn 

Mosslx>rg, Samuel II • do 

Olive;-, Harry E I New Ulm, Minn 

Parish, Charles E I Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minn 

Rebuke, E. R Minneapolis and Duluth, Minn 

Shelley, Ciarence W Minneapolis, Minn 

Tunell, George II | St. Paul, Minneapolis, and Duluth, Minn. 

Tuthill, Horace A i Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minn 

Wuldick, Richard 1 Minneapolis and Duluth. Minn 

Williams. Ray ! New Prague, Minn 

Wright, Andrew J Winona, Minn 

Wright , Ralph O Minneapolis and Duluth, Minn 

Young, Walter B • do 

Ziesemer, Rufus do 



580 
603 
659 
606 
610 
648 
496 
636 
575 
660 
632 
581 
574 
498 
629 
577 
616 
590 
576 
358 
635 
589 
579 
617 
507 
588 
578 
645 
359 



14 



BUREAU OF MARKETS, 



[S. E. A. 



Table 2. — Address of Office of Federal Grain Supervision, name and. license number of 
each licensed inspector, and point or points {county or town) where he will perform 
inspection services, in each distrkt, on September 15, 1917— ^Continued. 

District No. 19. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 738 Brandeis Building, Omaha, Nebr.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



Inspection points. 



License 
No. 



Andre ws, David R 

^efcristiansen , Arthur C . . . . 

t*CIark, Harrv Robt 

mm, Peter A 

Ekinan, Carl E 

Johnson, Arvid D 

Larson, Paul N 

Littler, I. R 

*Martin, Robert H . 

McGowan, Ross J 

McLaughlin, Frank 

ffiligan, Theodore W 

Mitchell, Fred W. a 

Powell, George B 

Scanlan, J. Paul 

*Scott, Hairy E 

Till on, James A 



Superior, Nebr 

Omaha, Nebr 

do 

Lincoln, Nebr 

Omaha,'Nebr 

do 

Sioux City, lowa 

Missouri Valley, low; 

Sioux City, Icwa 

Omaha, Nebr....... 

do 

do 

Fremont, Nebr 

Omaha, Nebr , 

do 

Lincoln, Nebr 

Omaha, Nebr 



562 
324 
321 



612 
587 
605 
305 
558 
613 
394 
570 
459 
556 
655 
460 



District No. 20. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, Room 974, 208 South La Salle Street, Chicago, 111.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



Bailey, Edward W : Chicago, 111. 

Burke, John do 

Burke, Thomas J | do 

Cassidy, George J 

*CJawson , Charles 

Costello, Edward J 

*Elins:er, Ellas Henry. . 

Erskihc, John E 

Ettebo™ John 
GetzeiD^Charle's""!]!!! 

t*Gibhons John P 

^gasta&on, Frank A... 

Hawn , Arthur £ 

Hnnr,'Wiiiiam A 

Johnson, John. 



do 

Sheldon, JJ1 

Chicago, 111 

Hammond, Ind. 

Chicago, 111 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do 

do.., 

do 



Keeie, John ; do 

Lenock, Joseph J, j do 

Lorimer, John M do 

*Mallaney, J. F Kankakee, HI 

*McCarthv. Eugene, jr ^. 

McDermoTt, John T 

McKinstrie, Robert M 

Moran, Edward E 

Noble, James A 

Raichart, Edward , 



Chicase, 111. 

....do 

Indiana Harbor, 

Chicago, HI 

do 

....do 



Ind. 



Ramsev, George W.,jr Cedar Rapids, low 

Risser, Harrv E Chicago, HI 

Schall, William ' do 

Schmidt, "Walter E do 

Smith Samuel H ' do 

Spotz, Frank J do 

Traev, Walter J i do 

Wetzel. Frederick T do 



620 
421 
244 
417 
322 
571 
640 
419 
291 
3 IS 
469 
649 
413 
439 
415 
426 
270 
311 
418 
641 
427 
Si6 
412 
653 
416 
420 
532 
650 
463 
443 
462 



* Licence for shelled corn only. 

t License suspended Sept. 6,1917 

t License suspended Aug. 13, 1917, pending hearing. 



Markets IM.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



15 



Table 2. — Addvcss of Office of Federal Grunt Wu [H.rvlsion, name and license number of 
each licensed (inspector, and point or points (county or town) vhcre. he will perform 
inspection services, in each district, -on September 1.5, 1917 — Continued. 

District No. 21. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 509 Lohmann Building, Peoria, 111.) 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



Name. 



Baxter, Samuel E 

Bcckenhaupt, John C. 
*Drysdale, David L... 

Fox", Herbert 

Gilbert, Ralph West . . 
Oifinane, Edward J... 

Mcehan, Harvey C 

♦Miller, Walter D 

♦Remington, Floyd li. 

Rowe, \ an 11 

Tompkins, Frank B... 



Inspection points. 



Peoria and Pekin, EH. 

.....do „. 

do ,.....„... 

do 



License 
No. 



•Champaign and Croatia, 111. 

Burlington, Iowa 

Peoria and Pokii). IH 

do.... 

do 

Davenport, Iowa. ... 

Peoria, W. 



District No. 22. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 413 United States Appraisers Stores Building, St. Louis, 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



402 
524 
17 
348 

est 

rm 

883 
13 
fi(10 
401 
494 



Carr, Frank C 

Clifford, Thomas E . . 

Elliott, John O 

Gilmartin, James J... 

Grischy, John 

fLaux, Philip 

Lyons, "William M. . . 

Sartison, Franz 

Saunders, Robt. R... 

Sullivan, John F 

Thompson, Robert P . 

Tracy, John J 

Widicus, Arnold J. . . 



St. Louis, Mo 

....do 

....do 

....do 

East St. Louis, 111. 

./..do 

, do 

I do 

St. Louis, Mo 

East St. Louis, 111. 

St. Louis, Mo 

....do 

East St. Louis, 111. 



418 
4.50 
449 
444 
376 
377 
379 
467 
445 
356 
468 
446 
378 



District No. 23. 

[Office of Federal Ore in Supervision, Room 6, Post Office Building, Cairo, 111.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



Powell, William Smith. 
*Shanahan, Michael 



Cairo, 111. 
do.. . 



592 
39 



District No. 24. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 310 Postal Telegraph Building, Kansas City, Mo.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



Addison, Alex , Leavenworth, Kans. 

Alleman, Russell F Kansas City., Kans. . 

Kansas City, Mo 

do 

Topeka, Kans 

Kansas City, Mo 

— .do 

Lawrence, Kans 

Kansas City, Mo 

Salina, Kans 

Kansas City, Kans. . 

Kansas City, Mo 

St. Joseph, 'Mo 

Kansas City, Mo 



Bennett, Georee C 

Betton, Ernest 1 

Bogard, Benjamin F 

Bradbury. Frank W 

Butler, Richard W 

Chess, John P 

Clark, J. Martin 

Connellv, Charlie M 

Cooke, Robert Otto 

Culp, Mather C 

Dunn, Pines R 

Fears, Magruder C 

Fears, Samuel V 

Hillis, John I Kansas City, kans 

* License for shelled corn onlv. 



3*5 
595 
631 
472 
381 
474 
479 
366 
482 
392 
429 
476 
470 
483 
492 
393 



t License suspended July 31. 1917, pending hearing. 



16 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



Table 2.— Address of Office of Federal Grain Supervision, name and license number of 
each licensed inspector, and point or points (county or town) where he will perform 
ich district, on September 15, 191 7 — Continued. 



inspection services, in eaci 



District No. 24 — Continued. 
LICENSED INSPECTORS — Cont mned. 



Name. 



Loos, Fred L 

McKnieht. Joseph R 

McYeieh, Patherick H. 

O'Connor, OtisE 

Reavis, Frank 

Roberts, Clarence , 

Ross, George B 

Schreiber, Herman J 

Shepard, Celsus.. 

Shull, Charles W 

Sims, -John 

Wasser, Joseph C 

Wheeler, James B 

Williams, Charles M 

Winn, John O. 

Wollard, Christopher A. 



Inspection points. 



Kansas City, Mo. .. 
Kansas City, Kans. 
Kansas City, Mo . . . 

do 

....do 

Abilene, Kans 

Kansas City, Kans. 

Atchison, Kans 

Kansas City, Mo . . . 
Kansas City, Kans. 
Clay Center,' Kans . 
Kansas Citv, Kans. 

St. Joseph/Mo 

Kansas City, Mo . . . 

St. Joseph, 'Mo 

Abilene, Kans 



License 
No. 



4S1 
374 
473 
478 
477 
461 



480 
627 
642 
384 
471 
475 
433 
594 



District No. 25. 

[Office of Federal Grain Superyision, 403 Exchange Building, Memphis, Tenn.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



^Daniel. Dan Little Rock. Ark. 

Gardner, Alexander Blair I Memphis, Tenn. . 

Gardner, Edwin R ! do 

Houseal, Miles B -. 1 do 



146 

353 
399 
537 



District No. 26. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 503 Metropolitan Bank Building, New Orleans, La.] 



LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



Colby, George S City o -New Orleans, Orleans Parish, La.; Hara- 

han, Westwego, Amesville, Harveys Canal, 
Gretna, Gouldsboro, all in Jefferson Parish, 
La.; Chalmette, St. Bernard Parish, La. 
...do 



*De Fraites, Arthur E 

Engelhorn, Wm. Louis j do. 

Helwick, Joseph L j do. 

Keiser, Peter do . 

Wilkie, John M ! do. 



437 



232 
626 
435 
436 
434 



District No. 27. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 222 Security Building, Galveston, Tex.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



Grubb, Oiin A Galveston, Tex. 

Kerner, Jacob V do 

Robinson, Clarence W do 

Wickstrom, Hilding A ' do 



528 



561 

4.58 



District No. 28. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 511 First National Bank Building, Fort Worth, Tex.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



Robinson, James Edwin > Fort Worth. Tex. 



* License for shelled corn onlv. 



432 



Markets25.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



17 



Table 2. — Address of office of Federal Grain Supervision, name and license number of 
each licensed inspector, and point or points (county or town) where he will perform 
inspection services, in each district, on September 15, 1917 — Continued. 

District No. 29. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 502 Patterson Building, Oklahoma City, Okla.l 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



Name. 


Inspection points. 


License 
No. 


**Callahan, A. K 


Enid, Okla 


584 







District No. 30. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision. 313 Sedgwick Building, Wi ihita, Kans ] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



Clark, Wfflard B 

Dunmire, Albert A. . . 
Hutchinson, Harris W 
Lambe, William J ... . 

Pease, Charles M 

Post, Anson C 



Wellington, Kans 
Wichita, Kans. . . 
Hutchinson, Kans 
Cofleyville, Kans. 
Wichita, Kans. . . 
Winfield, Kans . . 



District No. 31. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 509 Cooper Building, Denver, Colo.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



466 
386 
355 
464 
357 
522 



Hine. Lewis C ; Denver, Colo. 

Joerger, Emil J ' do 



583 
395 



District No. 32. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 423 Ness Building. Salt Lake City, Utah.] 



Aabel, Hans Salt Lake City, Utah. 



District No. 33. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 516 Chamber of Commerce Building, Spokane, Wash.] 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



057 



Crowe, Luke 1) . . 
Stevens, Thos. A. 



Spokane, Wash. 
do 



District No. 34. 

)!lice of Federal Grain Supervision, 802 Arctic Building, Seattle, Wash. 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



520 
599 



Cunningham, James. . 
Geehan, Jerry Joseph. 

Pillow, Frank E 

Sweeney, Patrick J . . . 

Swcenev, Thos. F 

Ton, Philip J 

Ward, Charles J 



Seattle, Wash.. 
Tacoma, Wash. 

do 

do 

do 

Seattle. Wash.. 
Tacoma, Wash. 



514 
519 
518 
601 
002 
515 

:io 







District No. 35. 






[Office of Federal Grain 


Supervision, 310 Worcester Building, 1 


•ortland, Ore?.] 






LICENSED INSPECTORS. 






CofTman, Orville W 


Portland. Ore? . 


643 
630 
531 




do 




do 







**License for wheat only. 



18 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. 



Table 2. — Address of Office of Federal Grain Supervision, name and license number of 
each licensed inspector, and point or points (county or town) where he will perform 
inspection services, in each district, on September 15. 1917 — Continued. 

District No. 36. 

[Office of Federal Grain Supervision, 1131 Merchants Exchange, San Francisco, Cal.) 
LICENSED INSPECTORS. 



Name. 


Inspection points. 


License 
No. 






Francisco. Cal 




Sileox, Chester 


Los 




495 
493 







Table 3. — List showing names of persons to whom licenses vjere issued by the Secretary 
of Agriculture and ivhose licenses have been canceled up to and including September 15, 
1917. 



Name. 



Address. 



License 
No. 



Aabel, Hans 

Anderson, Harold ... 

Bingaman, L. L 

Brittain, Perley J 

Burroak. Nelson J 

Cavanagh, John T 

Conker, Edward H. . 
Connelly, Milton E... 
Dennis, Edward F... 

Edwards, John H 

Emerson, H. E 

Farrell, James S 

Fowler, Walter 

Franks, Clifford G . . . 

Gallaher, Lee 

Gear, Herbert H 

Hegwein, Charles F.. 
Heilman, Harold S... 
Eickev, Edward J. . . 

Hill, Ephraim A 

Jarboe, Robert D 

Jones, George D 

Kruse, August F. 

Landers, George is.... 

Linzee, E. H 

McDonald, William.. 

Mill, Robert C 

Munro, John C 

Nathan, Joseph E — 
Pahi, William Albert 

Phillips, Oscar F 

Pope, John T 

Preece, William J 

Richeson, William Lyle j New Orleans, La 

Russell, Ralph * Hutchinson. Kans 

Scharf. Mauhew H New York, N 

Sheedv, John Kansas City. Mo 

Standfins. Charles F ! C 

Staples, 

Straight, Greeory L. 
Strothman, Herbert L. 

Strowig, Milton I I Kansas' Citv 

Tompkins. Frank B I Peoria, 111-. 

Wallace, Roy J Chicago, 111. 

Woolsey, Ralph B j do 



Burlington, Iowa. 
Buffalo, N. Y 
Cott'eyviliej Kans 
Minneapolis, Minn . 
Montevideo, Minn. 
Superior, Wis 
Duluth, Minn. 

Chicago, 111 

Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Duluth, Minn 

St. Paul. Minn 

Cincinnati, Ohio 

Superior. Wis 

Chicago, 111 

Kansas City, Mo 

Sioux City, Iowa 

Chicago, 111 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Chicago, 111 

Minneapolis, Minn. . 

Tacoma, Wash 

Indianapolis, Ind . . . 

Omaha, Nebr 

Seattle, Wash 

Oklahoma Citv, Okk 

Duluth, Minn 

East St. Louis. Hi... 

St. Cloud, Minn 

Chicago, EH 

Omaha, Nebr 

Duluth, Minn 

Mobile, Ala 

Detroit, Mich. 




216 
582 
4G5 
120 
301 

43 
151 
316 
226 
152 
131 
309 
408 

92 
163 
101 

87 
187 
422 
115 

79 
260 
255 
517 
529 
511 
180 
192 
317 
557 

54 

23 
310 
431 

97 
346 
165 
109 
447 
182 
521 
596 

19 
314 

84 



Table 4. — Alphabetical list of points where inspection services are performed by licem 

inspectors. 



Inspection points. 




State. 




District 
No. 


Abilene 


Kansas 






24 


Atchison 


do 






24 
8 


*Atlanta 


Georgia 






Baltimore 


Marvland 






6 


Boston 


Massachusetts... 








Buffalo 


New York 






I 


Burlington 








21 


Cairo 


Illinois 






23 


Cedar Rapids 








20 



^Inspector holds license for shelled corn only. 



Markets 25.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



19 



Tabi.k A.— Alphabetical list of points where inspection services are performed by licensed 

inspectors — Conti imed . 



Inspection points 



Plato. 



District 
No. 



Champaign 

Chicago 

Cincinnati ; 

Clav Center 

Cleveland 1 

CovTeyville 

Columbus ! 

Davenport i 

Denver 

Detroit i 

Duluth ! 

East St. Louis 1 

♦♦Enid j 

Evansville ! 

Fargo 

Fort Worth ; 

Fremont ; 

Galveston 

♦Hammond 

Tin nil i mi | 

Honkinsville 

Hutchinson j 

Indiana Harbor 1 

Indianapolis 

tfacksom illc 

♦Kankakee ! 

Kansas City 

Do j 

La Crosse j 

Lawrence 

Leavenworth 

Lincoln 

•little Rock | 

Los Angeles 

Louisville 

Mankato 

Mansfield 

Marshall 

Memphis 

Milwaukee 

Minneapolis 

Missouri Vallev 

Nashville 

New Albany 

New Orleans 

Newport News 

New Prague 

New Ulm 

New York 

♦Norfolk 

Omaha 

Pekin 

Peoria 



Illinois. 

do.. 

Ohio... 
Kansas. 
Ohio... 
Kansas. 
Ohio... 



Iowa 

Colorado 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Illinois 

Oklahoma 

Indiana 

North Dakota. 

Texas.... 

Nebraska 

Texas 

Indiana 

Kentucky 

— do 

Kansas 

Indiana 

....do 

Florida 

Illinois 

Kansas 

Missouri.": 

Wisconsin 

Kansas 

....do 

Nebraska 

Arkansas 

California 

Kentucky 

Minnesota 

Ohio 

Minnesota 

Tennessee 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 



IT 



Philadelphia . . . 

Pittsburgh 

♦Portland 

Portland 

♦Portsmouth... 

♦Richmond 

Salina 

Salt Lake City. 
San Francisco. . 

Seal Me 

♦Sheldon 

Sioux City 

Spokane .* 

St. Cloud 

St. Joseph 

St. Louis 

St . Paul 

Superior 

Superior 

Tacoma 

Tcrre Haute.... 

Toledo 

Topeka 

Urbana 

Waseca 

Wellington 

Wichita 

Winchester 

Winheld 

Winona 



Tennessee 

Indiana , 

Louisiana 

Virginia. 

Minnesota 

do 

New York. . . 

Virginia 

Nebraska 

Illinois 

do 

Pennsylvania 

do 

Maine 



Oregon.. 
Virginia. 

do... 

Kansas.. 
Utah... 



California 

Washington. 

Illinois 

Iowa 



Washington. 
Minnesota... 
Missouri 



.do. 



Minnesota... 
Nebraska . . . 
Wisconsin... 
Washington. 

Indiana 

Ohio 

Kansas 

Illinois 

Minnesota . . 

Kansas 

do 

Indiana 

Kansas 

Minnesota... 



21 
20 
11 
24 
14 
30 
11 
21 
31 
15 
17 
22 
29 
10 
18 
2S 
19 
27 
20 
10 
9 
30 
20 
12 
8 
20 
24 
21 
18 
24 
24 
19 
25 
36 
10 
18 
14 
18 
25 
16 
18 
19 
9 
10 
26 
6 
18 
18 
2 
6 
19 
21 
21 
3 
5 
\ 

35 
6 
6 
24 
32 
36 
34 
20 
19 
33 
18 
24 
22 
18 
19 
17 
34 
12 
13 
24 
21 
18 
30 
30 
12 
30 
IS 



♦Inspector holds license for shelled corn only. 



*♦ Inspector holds license for wheat only. 



20 



BUREAU OF MARKET! 



[S. R. A. 



Table 5. — List of inspection -points hy States where services are performed by licensed 

inspectors. , 



State. 



Inspection point: 



Arkansas. 
California . 



*Little Rock 



Colorad< 
Florida. 
Georgia 
Illinois. 



Indiana . 



Iowa . 



Kansas. 



Kentucky. 



Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts. 

Michigan 

Minnesota 



Missouri 



Los Angeles. .. 
San Francisco. 



Denver. 



^Jacksonville. 



Atlanta . 



Cairo 

Champaign 

Chicago 

East St. Louis. 

^Kankakee 

Pekin 

Peoria 

*Sheldon 

Urbana 



Evansville 

*IIammond 

Indiana Harbor. 

Indianapolis 

New Albany 

Terre Haute..... 
"Winchester 



Burlineton 

Cedar Rapids. 

Davenport 

Missouri Valley 
Sioux City.. .'. 



Abilene 

Atchison 

Clav Center . 
Coffey ville. . 
Hutchinson . 
Kansas City. 
Lawrence . . . 
Leavenworth 

Salina 

Topeka 

Wellington.. 

Wichita 

W inQeld 



Henderson . . . 
Hopkinsville. 
Louisville 



New Orleans - 

* Portland 

Baltimore 



Boston. 



Detroit. 



Duluth 

Mankato 

Marshall.... 
Minneapolis. 
New Prague. 
New Ulm . . . 
St. Cloud... 

St. Paul 

Waseca 

Winona 



Kansas City. 
St. Joseph... 



St. Louis 

Inspector holds license for shelled corn only. 



Markets 25.] SERVICE A N D REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



21 



Table 5. — List of inspection points by Stotes where services are performed by licensed 

inspectors — Continued. 



Nebraska. 



New York . 



Inspect ton points 



Fremont 
Lincoln . 
Omaha... 
Superior. 



Buffalo.. . 
New York , 



North Dakota. 
Ohio 



Oklahoma... 

Oregon 

Pennsylvanii 



Fargo 

Cincinnati. 
Cleveland . 
Columbus. 
Mansfield . . 
Toledo.... 



« : Eiiid. . . 
Portland . 



Tennessee. 



Texas. 



Utah ... 
Virginia. 



Washington. 



Wisconsin. 



Philadelphia. 
Pittsburgh... 



Memphis. 
Nashville . 



Disi rict 
No. 



Fort Worth 
Galveston. . . 



Salt Lake City 

Newport News. 

•■•Norfolk 

♦Portsmouth. . . 
♦Richmond 



Seattle . . . 
Spokane. 
Tacoma. . 



La Crosse . 
Milwaukee 
Superior . . 



32 



1 Inspector holds license for shelled corn only. 



Inspector holds license for wheat only. 



Index of district headquarters. 



Dissr si 



Atlanta 

Baltimore 

Boston 

Buffalo 

Cairo 

Chicago 

Cincinnati 

Cleveland 

Denver 

Detroit 

Dul nth 

Fort Worth.. .. 

Galveston 

Indianapolis. . . 
Kansas City, M< 

Louisville 

Memphis 

Milwaukee 



No. 
8 
6 
1 
4 
23 
20 
11 
14 
31 
15 
17 
28 
27 
12 
24 
10 
25 
16 



Minneapolis. . . 

Nashville 

New Orleans.. . 

New York 

Oklahoma City 

Omaha 

Peoria 

Philadelphia.. 
Pittsburgh 



District No. 
18 



26 
2 

29 
19 
21 

3 



Portland, Oreg 35 

Salt Lake City 32 

Seattle 34 

Spokane 33 

San Francisco 36 

St.. Louis 22 

Toledo 13 

Wichita 30 



22 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 

Numerical index of districts. 



[S. R. A. 



Headquarters at- 



Boston, Mass 

New York, N. Y.. 
Philadelphia, Pa. . 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Pittsburgh, Pa.... 

Baltimore, Md 

Atlanta, Ga 

Nashville, Term.. . 

Louisville, Ky 

Cincinnati, Ohio.. 
Indianapolis, Ind. 

Toledo, Ohio 

Cleveland, Ohio. . . 

Detroit, Mich 

Milwaukee, Wis... 

Duln.th, Minn 

Minneapolis, Minn 
Omaha. Nebr 



Page. 



District 
No. 



Headquarters at- 



9 


20 


9 


21 


10 


22 


10 


23 


10 


24 


10 


25 


11 


26 


11 


27 


11 


28 


11 


29 


11 


30 


12 


31 


12 


32 


12 


33 


12 


34 


12 


35 


13 


36 


14 





Chicaeo, 111 

Peoria, 111 

St. Loins, Mo 

Cairo, 111 

Kansas City, Mo 

Memphis, Term 

New Orleans, La 

Galveston, Tex 

Fort Worth, Tex 

Oklahoma City, Okla 

Wichita. Kans.". 

Denver, Colo 

Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Spokane, Wash 

Seattle ; Wash 

Portland, Oreg 

San Francisco, Cal. . . 




WASHINGTON : GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE ! 1917 



ADDITIONAL COPIES 

OF THIS PUBLICATION MAY BE PROCURED FROM 
THE SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS 
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
"WASHINGTON, D. C. 
AT 

5 CENTS PER COPY 
V 





S. R. A, — Markets 20. 



Issued October 10, 1917. 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



CHARLES J. BRAND, Chief. 



SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



No. 26. 1 



CONTENTS. 



Pago. 



Pnblicat ion of amendments 

Memoranda issued to grain supervisors and licensed inspectors: 

Grades for smutty wheat ! 

Treated wheat 

Grades for mixed wheat 

Regarding mixed grain 

Method of determining dockage in wheat recommended by the Depart ment of Agriculture. 

Memorandum to Odiecs of Federal Grain Supervision: Dockage 

Laboratory apparatus for grading wheat according to the official grain standards of the United States, 
opinions of general interest regarding questions arising under the United States grain standards Act: 
Misapprehension regarding the item "dockage" in the official grain standards of the United 

States for wheat 

Purchase of wheat on a dockage basis. Rye mixtures 

Classification of grain after dockage is removed. Use of sieve in dockage determination 

Licensed inspector as such is permitted to grade and designate wheat only according to the 

official main standards. Use of the dockage basis. Some cases where Act does not apply... 

The place of sampling is the place of inspection within the meaning of the Act 

Samplers at small points where amount of business does not justify employment of licensed 

inspectors 

True designations of the official gram standards must be used in stating grade of grain. Use of 

variety names 

Report to Department of Agriculture to Ix 1 made by shipper 

Shipper of shelled corn in interstate or foreign commerce between points where there are not 

licensed inspectors must report shipment to Department of Agriculture 

Authority of Department of Agriculture with reference to licensed inspectors employed by 

State ". r 

Authority of Department of Agriculture with reference to licensed inspectors employed by 

State : 

Rules of boards of trade not in conflict with Act and its regulations arc permissible 

Inspection of grain in "split" or "bulkhead" cars. Use of terms "in" and "out" inspection. 

Permissible place of inspection 

Requirements of Act do not apply to contracts made prior to date on which standards for grain 

involved become effective. Use of general term as substitute for grade name unnecessary 

Intrastate shipment s not within terms of the Act. Question of inspection of cars switched across 

State lines * 

Question of fees 

Grain doors in cars 

1 Previous numbers in this series which relate to the United States grain standards Act are: Nos. 11 1 
17 to lfl, and 22 to 2 r >. 

12717 c — 17 1 



2 

7 
8 
8 
9 
10 
12 
13 



14 
16 
17 

i8 
19 

23* 

24 
25 

25 

26 

27 
29 

29 

31 

32 
33 
35 



2 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A. t 



PUBLICATION OF AMENDMENTS. 

Amendments to the rules and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture 
under the United States grain standards Act have been issued as follows : 

1. Amendment No. 1 to Circular No. 70. 

By virtue of the authority vested in the Secretary of Agriculture by the 
United States grain standards Act of August 11, 1916 (39 United States Statutes 
at Large, p. 482 ) , I, David F. Houston, Secretary of Agriculture, do make, pre- 
scribe, publish and give public notice of the following amendment to the rules 
and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture, dated November 6, 1916, under 
said Act, said amendment to be effective May 21, 1917 : 

In Regulation 2, between sections 5 and 6, insert a new section, as follows : 

" Sec. 5A. Each license and identification card issued under this regulation 
shall cover all the kinds of grain which the licensee is authorized to inspect, 
grade, and certificate the grade of, under the Act and the rules and regula- 
tions prescribed thereunder. In case an applicant for a license for any grain 
holds a license for any other kind of grain, he shall, immediately upon receipt 
of a new license and identification card, return to the Secretary of Agriculture 
the license and identification card then held by him. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and the official seal of 
the Department of Agriculture at Washington, D. C, this 17th day of May, 
1917. 

[seal.] (Signed) D. F. Houston, Secretary. 



2. Amendment No. 2 to Circular No. 70. 

By virtue of the authority vested in the Secretary of Agriculture by the 
United States grain standards Act of August 11, 1916 (39 United States Statutes 
at Large, p. 482), I, David F. Houston, Secretary of Agriculture, do make, pre- 
scribe, publish, and give public notice of the following amendment to the rules 
and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture, dated November 6, 1916, under 
said Act, said amendment to be effective June 20, 1917 : 

In Regulation 2, section 12, between " Sec. 12 " and the word " No " insert 
" Paragraph 1." Between the said section 12, as thus amended and section 13 
insert the following paragraph: 

" Paragraph 2. In case any licensed inspector is called upon to make an 
* in ' inspection and grading of a carload of grain, in sacks or in bulk, whiclr 
(a) is s.o heavily loaded as to make it possible to secure only a door probe, 
shallow probe, door sack probe, or interior surface sack probe sample of the lot 
or parcel, (b) appears not to have been irregularly loaded, and (c) the licensed 
inspector has no reason to believe is so loaded as intentionally to conceal evi- 
dently inferior grain, he may, if the Act and the rules and regulations there- 
under be otherwise complied with, inspect and grade such lot or parcel of grain 
and issue a certificate of grade therefor, upon the conditions set forth below in 
subdivisions 1, 2 and 3 of this paragraph." 

Subdivision (1). The inspection and grading of such grain must be based 
upon a sample which fairly represents all of the grain which may be reached in 
the exercise of care and clifigence and the use of the customary probes in the 
drawing of samples from such grain. 

Subdivision (2). There must be legibly and conspicuously stamped or printed 
on the face of such certificate the words: 



Markets 26.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



3 



HEAVILY LOADED CAR. 



NEE ItEVEUSE SIDE OV THIS CERTIFICATE. 



The size and style of lettering shall be as follows: First line, 24-point Mono- 
tour Gothic capitals; the second line 12-point Monotone Gothic capitals (cen- 
tered i. A space of IS points shall be left between the lines, the first line being 
27 ems long, and the distance between the top of first line and bottom of second 
line being at least 4 ems. 

On the reverse side of such certificate the following shall be legibly stamped 
or printed : 

Car so heavily loaded that the following sample only could be 



Such sample is believed to be correct and representative of the 
entire lot or parcel of grain described in this certificate. 
The kind of sample obtained shall be indicated by placing an indelible check 
mark in the square opposite the proper description. 

Subdivision (3). The daily record prescribed in section 15 of this regulation 
shall show, with respect to such grain, that the car was " heavily loaded," 
OS the abbreviation " h. 1.," and, if the licensed inspector did not personally 
draw the sample of grain involved, the name of the person who drew such 



Subdivision (4). For the purpose of this paragraph the following terms 
shall mean : ( 

Door probe sample: A sample taken with a probe from the grain in the 
vicinity of the door of a carload of bulk grain. 

Door sack grebe sample: A sample taken with a probe from the sacks of 
grain in the vicinity of the door of a carload of sacked grain. 

Interior shallow probe sample: A sample taken with a probe from the upper 
portion, not confined to the vicinity of the door, of a carload of bulk grain. 

Interior surface sack probe sample: A sample taken with a probe from the 
sacks in the upper portion, not confined to the vicinity of the door, of a carload 
of sacked grain. 

Subdivision (5). No certificate of grade of the kind described in this para- 
graph shall represent the grade of the lot or parcel of grain described in the 
certificate after such lot or parcel shall have left the place of the inspection 
for which the certificate was issued. 

Subdivision (G). Nothing in this paragraph shall prevent any person, other- 
wise entitled under the Act and the rules and regulations thereunder, from 
taking an appeal from ati inspection and grading of the kind described in 
this section, if the sample or samples filed for the purpose of the appeal meet 
the requirements of regulation 5; nor shall anything in this paragraph prevent 
any person, if he so desire, from having the same lot or parcel of grain again 
inspected by the same or any other licensed inspector, in accordance with the 
Act and the rules and regulations thereunder. 

Subdivision (7). If at any time it be discovered that any grain inspected 
and graded by a licensed inspector was irregularly loaded, or was so loaded 
as intentionally to conceal evidently inferior grain, or was improperly inspected 
and graded by any licensed inspector, any licensed inspector or employee of 
the Department of Agriculture having knowledge thereof shall, and any other 



obtained : 



(a) Door probe sample 

(&) Shallow probe sample 

(c) Door sack probe sample 

(d) Interior surface sack probe sample 



□ 
□ 
□ 
□ 



sample. 



4 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. E. A., 



person having knowledge thereof may, report the facts in regard thereto, 
and the shipment involved, to the Office of Federal Grain Supervision in any 
district in which the grain was inspected by a licensed inspector. 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and the official seal of 
the Department of Agriculture, at Washington. D. C. this 20th day of June, 
1917. 

[seal.] (Signed) D. F. Houston, 

Secretary. 

3. Amendment No. 3 to Circular No. 70. 

By virtue of the authority vested in the Secretary of Agriculture by the 
United States grain standards Act of August 11, 1916 (39 United States Statutes 
at Large, page 482), I, David F. Houston, Secretary of Agriculture, do make, 
prescribe, publish, and give public notice of the following amendment to the 
rules and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture, dated November 6, 1916, 
as amended, under said Act, said amendment to be effective immediately. 

In regulation 2, section 12, paragraph 2, subdivision 2, strike out all language 
beginning with the words " The size and style " and ending with the words 
"4 ems" and, in lieu thereof, insert the following: 

" The size and style of lettering when stamped on the certificate shall be as 
follows: First line in 24 point Monotone Gothic capitals, or the equivalent 
thereof, the length of the line to be 4£ inches ; second line in 12-point Monotone 
Gothic or the equivalent thereof, and centered. The space between the first 
and second lines shall be 18 points or J inch. 

" The size and style of type when printed on the certificate shall be as fol- 
lows : First line in 18 point Cheltenham caps or the equivalent thereof; second 
line in 8 point Cheltenham caps or the equivalent thereof ; the spacing between 
the lines to be not less than 6 points." 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and the official seal of 
the Department of Agriculture at Washington, D. C. this twenty-seventh day 
of July, 1917. 

[seal.] (Signed) D. F. Houston. 

Sccretarjr. 

4. Notice of amendment to the rules and regulations for the enforcement of the United States 

grain standards act. 

Amendment No. 2 to Circular^ No. 70, containing the rules and regulations of 
the Secretary of Agriculture for the enforcement of the United States grain 
standards Act, has been changed by amendment No. 3. dated July 27, 1917, in 
so far as the size and style of type referred to in subdivision (2), paragraph 2, 
is concerned. A copy of amendment No. 3 is inclosed. 

Section 12 of regulation 2, as amended, now reads as follows : 
" Sec 12. Paragraph 1. No licensed inspector shall issue a certificate of 
grade for any grain unless the inspection and grading thereof be based upon a 
correct and representative sample of the grain, and be made under conditions 
which permit the determination of its true grade. In case the conditions are 
such as not to assure the determination of the true grade, a licensed inspector 
may, in advance of such determination and of the issuance of the certificate of 
grade, furnish to the person for whom the service is performed information in 
writing, or otherwise, showing the grade then assigned by him and expressly 
reciting the conditions which make uncertain the determination of the true 
grade. 

" Paragraph 2. In case any licensed inspector is called upon to make an ' in ' 
inspection and grading of a carload of grain, in sacks or in bulk, which (a) 



Markets 26.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 5 

is s,> heavily loaded as to make it possible to secure only a door probe, shallow 
probe, door sack probe, or interior surface sack probe sample of the lot or 
parcel. (M appears not to have been Irregularly loaded, and (c) the licensed 
inspector has no reason to believe is so Loaded as intentionally to conceal 
evidently inferior grain, he may, if the Act and the rules and regulations 
thereunder be otherwise complied with, inspect and grade such lot or parcel 
of grain and issue a certificate of grade therefor, upon the conditions set 
forth below in subdivisions 1. 2, and 3 of this paragraph. 

"Subdivision (1). The inspection and grading of such grain must be based 
upon a sample which fairly represents all of the grain which may be reached 
in the exercise of care and diligence and the use of the customary probes 
in the drawing of samples from such grain, 

"Subdivision (2). There must be legibly and conspicuously stamped or 
printed on the face of such certificate the words: 

" 1 1 KAVU.Y LOADED CAB. 
" SEE REVERSE SIDE OF THIS CERTIFICATE. 

"The size and style of lettering when stamped on the certificates shall be 
as follows: First line in 24-point Monotone Gothic capitals, or the equivalent 
thereof, the length of the line to be 4i inches; second line in 12-point Monotone 
Gothic, or the equivalent thereof, and centered. The space between the first 
and second lines shall be 18 points, or 1 inch. 

" The size and style of type when printed on the certificate shall be as 
follows: First line in 18-point Cheltenham capitals, or the equivalent thereof; 
second line in 8-point Cheltenham capitals, or the equivalent thereof; the 
spacing between the lines to be not less than 6 points. 

" On the reverse side of such certificate the following shall be legibly stamped 
or printed : 

"Car so heavily loaded that the following sample only could be 



obtained : 

"(«) Door probe sample □ 

"(6) Shallow probe sample □ 

"(c) Door sack probe sample □ 

"((I) Interior surface sack probe sample □ 



" Such sample is believed to be correct and representative of the 
entire lot or parcel of grain described in this certificate. 

•• The kind of sample obtained shall be indicated by placing an indelible check 
mark in the square opposite the proper description. 

•• Subdivision (3). The daily record prescribed in section 15 of this regulation 
shall show, with respect to such grain, that the car was " heavily loaded," or 
the, abbreviation " h. 1.," and, if the licensed inspector did not personally draw 
the sample of -rain involved, the name of the person who drew such sample. 

'• Subdivision (4). For the purpose of this paragraph the following terms 
shall mean : 

"Door probe sample: A sample taken with a probe from the grain in the 
vicinity of the door of a carload of bulk grain. 

"Door sack probe sample: A sample taken with a probe from the sacks of 
grain in the vicinity of the door of a carload of sacked grain. 

•' Interior shallow probe sample : A sample taken with a probe from the upper 
portion, not confined to the vicinity of the door, of a carload of bulk grain. 

"Interior surface sack probe sample: A sample taken with a probe from the 
sacks in the upper portion, not confined to the vicinity of the door, of a carload 
•f sacked grain. 



6 BUREAU OF MARKETS. [S. R. A., 

" Subdivision (5). Xo certificate of grade of the kind described in this para- 
graph shall represent the grade of the lot or parcel of grain described in the 
certificate after such lot or parcel shall have left the place of the inspection 
for which the certificate was issued. 

" Subdivision (6). Nothing in this paragraph shall prevent any person, other- 
wise entitled under the Act and the rules and regulations thereunder, from 
taking an appeal from an inspection and grading of the kind described in this 
section, if the sample or samples filed for the purpose of the appeal meet the 
requirements of regulation 5 ; nor shall anything in this paragraph prevent any 
person, if he so desired, from having the same lot or parcel of grain again in- 
spected by the same or any other licensed inspector, in accordance with the Act 
and the rules and regulations thereunder. 

"Subdivision (7). If at any rime it be discovered that any grain inspected 
and graded by a licensed inspector was irregularly loaded, or was so loaded as 
intentionally to conceal evidently inferior grain, or was improperly inspected 
and graded by any licensed inspector, any licensed inspector or employee of the 
Department of Agriculture having knowledge thereof shall, and any other 
person having knowledge thereof may, report the facts in regard thereto, and 
the shipment involved, to the Office of Federal Grain Supervision in any dis- 
trict in which the grain was inspected by a licensed inspector." 

Charles J. Brand, Chief. 

August 21, 1917. 

5» Amendment No. 4 to Circular No. 70 . 

By virtue of the authority vested in the Secretary of Agriculture by the 
United States grain standard Act of August 11, 1916 (39 United States Stat- 
utes at Large, p. 4S2), I, David F. Houston, Secretary of Agriculture, do make, 
prescribe, publish and give public notice of the following amendment to the 
rules and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture dated November 6, 1916, 
under said Act, said amendment to be effective August 15, 1917 : 

In regulation 2, section 6, strike out all of the second sentence, and in lieu 
thereof, insert the following: 

" Upon a written request and a satisfactory statement of reasons therefor, 
submitted by a licensed inspector, the Secretary of Agriculture may suspend, 
for a definite or indefinite period of time, or may cancel, the license issued to 
such licensed inspector. In all other cases, before a license is suspended, 
revoked, or canceled, the licensed inspector involved shall be furnished by the 
Secretary of Agriculture, or by any official of the Department of Agriculture 
designated for the purpose, a written statement specifying the charges, and 
shall be allowed a reasonable time within which he personally may answer 
the same in writing and submit affidavits and other proper evidence." 

As thus amended, the said section 6 of regulation 2 reads as follows : 

" Sec 6. Pending investigation the Secretary of Agriculture, whenever he 
deems necessary, may suspend a license temporarily without hearing. Upon a 
written request and a satisfactory statement of reasons therefor, submitted 
by a licensed inspector, the Secretary of Agriculture maj r suspend, for a definite 
or indefinite period of time, or may cancel, the license issued to such licensed 
inspector. In all other cases before a license is suspended, revoked, or can- 
celed, the licensed inspector involved shall be furnished by the Secretary of 
Agriculture, or by any official of the Department of Agriculture designated for 
the purpose, a written statement specifying the charges, and shall be allowed 
a reasonable time within which he personally may answer the same in writing 
and submit affidavits and other proper evidence. If requested by such licensed 
inspector, within the time allowed for answering, an oral hearing, of which 



Markets 26.] SERVICE AND REGULATOR Y ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



7 



reasonable notice shall be given, shall be held before, and at a time and place 
fixed by, the Secretary of Agriculture, or an official of the Department of Agri- 
cult lire designated by him for the purpose. The testimony of witnesses at such 
hearing shall be upon oath or allinnation administered by the ofhcial before 
whom the hearing is held, when required by him. Such hearing may be ad- 
journed by him from time to time. A copy of the charges, the answer thereto, 
copies of all notices given, and all the evidence shall be made a part of the 
records of the Department of Agriculture. The records and, when there has 
been an oral hearing other than by the Secretary of Agriculture, the recom- 
mendation of the ofhcial holding the same shall be transmitted to the Secretary 
of Agriculture for his consideration." 

In regulation 2. section 7, paragraph 2, after the word "Paragraph," strike 
out the figure "2," and, in lieu thereof, insert the figure 3; and, immediately 
following paragraph 1, insert a new paragraph as follows: 

" Paragraph 2. Upon a written request and satisfactory evidence of com- 
petency, submitted by a person whose license has been suspended or canceled in 
accordance with the second sentence of section 6 of this regulation, the Secre- 
tary of Agriculture, without again requiring compliance with sections 1 and 2 
of this regulation, may terminate the period of suspension or may issue to such 
person a new license for the kind of grain covered by the canceled license." 

As thus amended, the said section 7 of regulation 2 reads as follows: 

" Sec. 7. Paragraph 1. In case a license is suspended or revoked by the Secre- 
tary of Agriculture, such license, and the licensed inspector's identification card, 
shall be returned to the Secretary of Agriculture. 

" Paragraph 2. Upon a written request and satisfactory evidence of com- 
petency, submitted by a person whose license has,been suspended or canceled in 
accordance with the second sentence of section 6 of this regulation, the Secre- 
tary of Agriculture, without again requiring compliance with sections 1 and 2 
of this regulation, may terminate the period of suspension or may issue to such, 
person a new license for the kind of grain covered by the canceled license. 

" Paragraph 3. At the expiration of any period of suspension of a license, 
unless in the meantime revoked, the dates of the beginning and termination of 
the .suspension shall be indorsed thereon, and it shall be returned with the 
identification card to the licensed inspector to whom it was originally issued, 
and shall be posted as prescribed in section 4 of this regulation." 

In testimony whereof. I have hereunto set my hand and the official seal of 
the Department of Agriculture, at Washington, D. C, this 14th day of August, 
1917. 

[seal.] - D. P. Houston, Secretary. 

MEMORANDA ISSUED TO GRAIN SUPERVISORS AND LICENSED 

INSPECTORS. 

The following memoranda have recently been issued to the grain super- 
visors and licensed inspectors and are printed here for the benefit of the 
public : 

6. Grades for smutty wheat. 

Correspondence on file in this bureau indicates that there is some question 
in thf minds of certain grain supervisors and licensed inspectors regarding the 
procedure to be followed in determining the grade of smutty wheat coming 
within the provisions of section 22, paragraph (a) of the official grain standards 
of the United States for wheat. Paragraph (a), section 22, reads as follows: 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



" Sec. 22. * * * (a) The loss in weight caused Jby the removal of smut 
from the wheat, when free from dockage, shall be ascertained by scouring, 
washing, or otherwise, and shalFbe calculated in terms of percentage based on 
the total weight of the grain free from dockage. The percentage so calcu- 
lated shall be stated in terms of whole per centum and half per centum. A 
fraction of a per centum when equal to, or greater than, a half shall be treated 
as a half, and when less than a half shall be disregarded. After the loss in 
weight caused by the removal of the smut has been ascertained, the wheat shall, 
be graded and designated according to the grade requirements of the standard 
applicable to such wheat if it were not smutty, and there shall be added to, 
and made a part of, the grade designation the percentage so determined and 
stated together with the words 'smut dockage. 1 " 

For a clear understanding of the foregoing paragraph it is necessary to take 
into consideration the language of section 1 of the official grain standards of 
the United States for wheat, which provides as follows: 

" Basis of determinations. — Each determination, other than that of dockage, 
for the purposes of these standards shall be made upon the basis of the grain 
when free from dockage." 

•'Smut dockage " and " dockage " are independent factors, and " dockage " 
does not include " smut dockage." Inasmuch as all factors including " smut 
dockage " must be determined on the basis of the " dockage free " wheat, as 
a practical matter all factors, other than " smut dockage," should be de- 
termined prior to the determination of " smut dockage." 

Charles J. Bband, Chief. 

August 14, 1917. 

7. Treated wheat. 

A question has been raised in regard to the amount of treated wheat which 
must be present in a lot or parcel of wheat before such lot or parcel is to be 
considered as treated wheat witiiin the meaning of the definition contained in 
section 8 of the official grain standards of the United States for wheat. As a 
matter of the practical application of the standards this bureau is of opinion 
that a lot or parcel of wheat must contain more than 10 per cent of treated 
wheat before it should be designated as treated wheat. When o lot or parcel 
«>f wheat contains 10 per cent or less of such wheat the quantity of such wheat 
should be disregarded and the whole lot or parcel classified as if it contained 
no treated wheat. 

Char7.es J. Brand, Chief. 

August 14, 1917. 

S. Grades for mixed wheat. 

Section 21 of the official grain standards of the United States for wheat 
provides for grades of mixed wheat as follows : 

" Sec. 21. Grades for mixed wheat. — Mixed wheat shall be graded and desig- 
nated according to the grade requirements of the class of wheat which predomi- 
nates over each other class in the mixture. There shall be added to, and made 
a part of, its grade designation the word " mixed " and the names of the classes 
which compose the mixture, in the order of their predominance, together with 
the approximate percentage of each class, except that, if the wheat of any class 
amounts to less than 10 per centum of the whole mixture, its name and per- 
centage need not be stated." 

Correspondence on file in this bureau indicates that there is some misunder- 
standing as to the exact manner in which mixed wheat should be graded and as 
to the proper manner of stating the grade designation. 



Markets 26.] SEEVIOB AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



9 



You are informed that the department is of opinion that mixed wheat should 
be graded and designated as follows: 

Mixed wheal should ho graded according to each of the grade requirements 
common to all of the subclasses of the class which predominates oyer all other 
classes comprising the mixture, except (1) that all requirements as to the 
maximum percentage of wheat of other classes and subclasses should he disre- 
garded, (2)1 hat when the predominating class is So it Red Winter the test weights 
per bushel should be those only which arc common to the subclasses Red Winter 
and Soft Red, and that mixed wheat containing garlic or wild onion bulb- 
Icts. or which has an unmistakable odor of garlic or wild onion, should be 
graded sample grade mixed. 

The grade designation for mixed wheat should include, successively in the 
order named, the number of the grade, or the words " Sample grade," as the case 
may be, the word "Mixed," and the name and approximate percentage amount 
of each class which constitutes 10 per cent or more of the mixture in the order 
of its predominance. 

Example: No. 2 Mixed, Hard Red Spring, 60 per cent, Common and Red 
Durum, 20 per cent, Soft Red Winter, 20 per cent, Dockage, 2 per cent. 

Charles J. Brand, Chief. 

August 17, 1917. 

9. Regrading mixed grain. 

Section 4. Service and Regulatory Announcements. Markets No. 22, provides 
that : 

•'Any grain which, when free from doekage, contains more than G per cent of 
grain of a kind or kinds other than wheat shall not he classified as wheat." 

It has come to the attention of this bureau that inspectors, licensed under 
the main standards Act to inspect and grade wheat, desire the opinion of the 
department as to whether a licensed inspector, acting as such, may certificate 
his determination in cases where inspection of wheat by him discloses the 
fact that the grain can not he classified as wheat in accordance with section 4, 
as quoted above. 

Xo licensed inspector, acting as such, may certificate the grade of any grain 
other than shelled corn and wheat, for the reason that standards for shelled 
corn and wheat only have been fixed and established under the United States 
grain standards Act. 

However, it is the opinion of the department that a licensed inspector, act- 
ing as such, may issue a certificate approved for his use by the Secretary of 
Agriculture, showing that a certain lot or parcel of grain, tendered to him as 
wheat for inspecting and grading under the standards for wheat, is not, in 
fact, wheat within the definition of the official grain standards of the United 
Slates fur wheat. In such case the certificate issued should state merely 
that the grain covered by the certificate is not wheat according to the official 
grain standards of the United States for wheat, and accordingly that no grade 
is assigned, for the- reason that it is a mixture containing more than 6 
per cent of grain other than wheat. 

This should he understood as applying only when a certificate approved for 
use under the 1 nited States grain standards Act is issued. There is nothing 
to prevent the grading of such grain and its certification as to such grade in 
the same manner as is now done with respect to other grain for which 
standards have not yet been fixed and established. 

CHARLES J. I >KANI), Chief. 

August 17. 15)17. 

12717°— 17 2 



10 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



10. METHOD OF DETERMINING DOCKAGE IN WHEAT RECOM- 
MENDED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 

This department has received numerous requests for instructions regarding 
the method of determining dockage in the application of the official grain stand- 
ards of the United States for wheat. The following brief outline of the methods 
used by the department has been prepared to meet the need of immediate infor- 
mation pending the development of the subject in a more comprehensive manner 
in a department bulletin. 

DETERMINATION OF DOCKAGE IN WHEAT. 

In the " Official Grain Standards of the United States for Wheat," fixed and 
promulgated by the Secretary of Agriculture, March 31, 1917, and published in 
Service and Regulatory Ann ouncements No. 22, Office of Markets and Rural 
Organization, a certain character of foreign material in wheat has been desig- 
nated as " dockage," which is defined as follows : 

tf Dockage includes sand, dirt, weed seeds, weed stems, chaff, straw, grain 
other than wheat, and any other foreign material, which can be removed readily 
from the wheat by the use of appropriate sieves, cleaning devices, or other 
practical means suited to separate the foreign material present ; also unde- 
veloped, shriveled and small pieces of wheat kernels necessarily removed in 
properly separating the foreign material." 

Securing the sample. — A representative, average sample should be obtained 
by means of the sampling device described in Department of Agriculture Bulle- 
tin No. 287. 

EQUIPMENT EOE SEP ABATING DOCKAGE. 

In determining the quantity of dockage in connection with the official grading 
of wheat the following cleaning devices will be used. in the Offices of Federal 
Grain Supervision: 

L A small wheat tester or device for removing barley, oats, wild oats, pieces 
of straw, weed stems, and other coarse matter from wheat. 

This is a modified form of the machine already in general use in the spring- 
wheat belt, where the dockage system has been practiced for many years. On 
account of the peculiar short, jerky motion of the riddle, this machine has been 
popularly designated as the 4i wild oat kicker." 

2. Set of perforated metal hand sieves consisting of : 

(a) Bottom pan; inside diameter should be 13£ inches; depth 2^ inches; and 
roll at top of pan three-sixteenths inch in diameter. 

( & ) Buckwheat sieve, with triangular perforations eight sixty-fourths inch on 
each side of perforations ; inside diameter of sieve should be 13 inches ; depth 
of sieve 2 inches ; and roll at top of sieve should be one-fourth inch in diameter. 

(c) Fine seed sieve, with round perforations one-twelfth inch in diameter. 
(Other specifications and dimensions same as for (&) buckwheat sieve above.) 

(d) t Fine chess sieve, with slotted perforations 0.064 inch wide and three- 
eighths inch long. (Other specifications and dimensions same as for (&) buck- 
wheat sieve above.) 

(e) Coarse chess sieve, with slotted perforations 0.070 inch wide by one-half 
inch long. (Other specifications and dimensions same as for (b) buckwheat 
sieve above.) 

(/) Scalper sieve, with round perforations twelve sixty -fourths inch in di- 
ameter; depths of 11 inches; inside diameter should be 12£ inches and roll at 
top of sieve to be five-sixteenths inch in diameter. 

Note. — Sieves (5), (c), (<?). and (e) should be made to nest very freely with 
the bottom pan. The scalper sieve (/) should nest very freely with each of the 
other three sieves and also with the bottom pan. 



Mark«t»26.] SERVICE AND EEGULAT011Y ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



11 



(It is absolutely essential that the dimensions erf the perforations of the 
sieves used be exactly as stated above. A slight variation in the dimensions 
materially influences the percentages of dockage obtained. In order to secure 
the exact size it is necessary that the perforations be cut with dies especially 
made for the purpose. Sieves made from tin or galvanized iron with an ordi- 
nary punch will not give accurate results.) 

From experiments in hand screening and cleaning various kinds of foreign 
matter from wheat it has been found that with proper care the metal sieves 
with perforations as indicated for hand sieves, used in connection with the 
wild-oats separator, will give a practical determination of dockage. 

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE METHOD OF DETERMINING DOCKAGE IN WHEAT 

METHOD OF PROCEDURE. 

In determining dockage such sieve or sieves should be used as will remove 
the foreign material with the least possible loss of wheat, including small, 
plump, or badly shriveled kernels, or large pieces of broken kernels. As a 
general rule, the use of the fine-seed sieve with round perforations one-twelfth 
inch in diameter, together with the scalper sieve or the "wild-oat kicker," will 
be sufficient. However, if the sample contains an appreciable quantity of wild 
buckwheat, pigeon grass, or other seeds of a similar character, or foreign mate- 
rial which will not pass through the "fine-seed" sieve, then the "buckwheat" 
sieve should be used. All material passing through the buckwheat sieve should 
be considered as dockage, except that whenever the screenings removed by this 
sieve consist of an appreciable quantity of small shriveled kernels, the material 
so removed should be rescreened over the same sieve. In the rescreening, 
the material should be carefully deposited at one edge of the sieve, then while 
holding the sieve at an angle of 25 or 30 degrees, tap the sieve lightly until 
all material has either passed to the opposite edge of the sieve or through the 
perforations. If operated properly, the material at the opposite edge of the sieve 
will consist mainly of wheat and should be classed as wheat and not as dockage. 
The material which passes through 'the sieve will consist mainly of wild buckwheat? 
and other weed seed, together with a small percentage of shriveled kernels and 
small broken pieces of wheat, and these should be classed as dockage. In ex- 
ceptional cases it may be necessary to repeat the rescreening in order to 
arrive at an equitable determination of the percentage of dockage. 

The chess sieves should not be used unless the sample in question contains an 
appreciable quantity of chess, keeping in mind that wheat containing less than 
one-half of 1 per cent of dockage is considered as commercially clean wheat. 
As a general rule, the chess sieves should likewise not be used until after the 
sample has been screened, either over the fine-seed or the buckwheat seive, as 
the sample may require. Whenever it is necessary to screen for chess, the fine 
chess sieve with perforations 0.064 by three-eights inch should be used, except 
when the sample consists of wheat of large kernels mixed with large chess 
seeds. Large chess seeds in a sample of wheat consisting mainly of small 
kernels of wheat from which the chess can not be separated readily should be 
considered as " inseparable " foreign matter and the sample handled and graded 
accordingly. 

Whenever the chess sieves are used and the screenings consist of an appreci- 
able quantity of small, shriveled, or split kernels, the material so removed 
should be rescreened over the same sieve, being manipulated as* described for 
rescreening over the buckwheat sieve. In rescreening over the chess sieve the 
material should How with and not across the slots. 



12 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



The scalper sieve is to be used for removing coarse foreign material. Any 
thrashed wheat kernels that remain on the scalper sieve should be picked out 
and returned to the wheat and should not be considered as dockage. 

The dockage will therefore be represented by the coarse foreign material, in 
addition to the finer screenings obtained by hand sieving. 

Since any foreign matter remaining in the wheat after the removal of dockage 
is considered as inseparable, and consequently directly affects the grade, great 
care should be used in sieving the samples, 

TEST WEIGHT PER BUSHEL TO BE DETERMINED ON DOCKAGE FREE WHEAT. 

The standards provide that all determinations made in connection with the 
wheat grades, with the exception of dockage, shall be made on the basis of the 
grain from which the dockage has been removed. Since the test weight per 
bushel is one of the main factors in determining the grade, the dockage should 
be determined with a sufficient quantity of the original sample to provide at 
least enough cleaned wheat for making the test weight with a pint tester, and 
preferably a sufficient quantity should be cleaned for obtaining the test weight 
with a quart tester. Under average conditions a sample of 1,000 grams will.be 
a sufficient amount for determining the test weight with a quart tester. How- 
ever, if the wheat contains a large amount of coarse material and other foreign 
matter, it will sometimes be necessary to clean more than 1,000 grams in order 
to secure a sufficient quantity of cleaned wheat to make the test weight with 
a quart tester. 

Charles J. Brand, Chief. 

11. MEMORANDUM TO OFFICES OF FEDERAL GRAIN SUPER- 
VISION: DOCKAGE. 

When the dockage is 0.5 per cent or over, the amount must be stated on 
an inspection certificate in accordence with section 3 of Service and Regu- 
latory Announcements, Markets No. 22. When the dockage is less than 0.5 
per cent, it should not be stated at all on the inspection certificate. Absence 
of a statement of dockage in the certificate of a licensed inspector will be 
considered in connection with appeal, dispute, or supervision purposes exactly 
as though the certificate had stated in terms that dockage was determined to be 
less than one-half of 1 per cent. 

Supervisors will require that every complaint or stipulation filed in an 
appeal shall fully and correctly set forth the grade assigned the grain by the 
licensed inspector in his certificate. In accordance with section 3 of the official 
grain standards of the United States for wheat (Service and Regulatory An- 
nouncements, Markets No. 22), which provides in part: "A fraction of a per- 
een turn when equal to, or greater than, a half shall be treated as a half, and 
when less than a half shall be disregarded," appeals will be sustained when- 
ever the dockage, ascertained in accordance with the above quoted portion of 
section 3 of Service and Regulatory Announcements, Markets No. 22, is found 
to be other than that stated as part of the grade designation in the appeal. 

ILLUSTRATIONS. 

(a) Licensed inspector's grade: No. 2 Dark Northern Spring, dockage 0.5 
per cent. Supervisor's grade : No. 2 Dark Northern Spring, dockage 0.0 per 
cent. Result: Grade changed and appeal sustained. 



Markets 26.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



13 



(&) Licensed inspector's grade: No. 2 Park Northern Spring, dockage 0.5 
per cent. Supervisor's grade: No. 2 Northern Spring, dockage 0.5 per cent. 
Result: Grade changed and appeal sustained. 

Charles J. Brand, Chief . ■ 

July 20, 1017. 

12. LABORATORY APPARATUS FOR GRADING AVHEAT ACCORDING 
TO THE OFFICIAL GRAIN STANDARDS OF THE UNITED STATES. 

For the information of persons who desire to equip laboratories for the 
grading of wheat according to the official grain standards of the United States 
the following equipment is regarded as essential: 

1. Brown-Duvel moisture tester, completely equipped with: Flasks; certified 
centigrade thermometers to read correctly from 170 degrees to 195 degrees; 
graduates of 25 c. c. capacity; one-hole rubber stoppers, sizes No. 5 and No. 3; 
condenser tubes; 150 c. c. oil measuring device; supply of oil; etc. (See United 
States Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry, Circular 72.) 

2. Balance, capacity at least 500 grams, sensitive to one-tenth gram, with set 
of weights, 1 gram to 500 grams. 

3. Balance, capacity approximately 50 grams, graduated beam to read 1 gram 
and fractions of a gram, sensitive to one-tenth gram, with set of weights, 1 gram 
to 50 grams. 

4. 1 Grain sieves for the determination of dockage under the official grain 
Standards of the United States for wheat. The sieves and bottom pan for each 
set should be circular in shape and made of aluminum, brass or other suit- 
able material. The metal should be 0.025 to 0.035 inch in thickness. Set of 
per t orated metal hand sieves consisting of— 

(a) Bottom pan; inside diameter should be thirteen one-eighth inches; 
depth 21 inches; and roll at top of pan three-sixteenths inch in diameter. 

(6) Buckwheat sieve, with triangular perforations eight sixty-fourths inch 
on each side of perforations; inside diameter of sieve should be 13 inches; 
depth of sieve 2 inches ; and roll at top of sieve should be i inch in diameter. 
• (c) Fine, seed sieve, with round perforations one-twefth inch in diameter. 
(Other specifications and dimensions same as for {!>) buckwheat sieve above.) 

(d) Fine chess sieve, with slotted perforations 0.0G4 by three-eighths inch 
in diameter. (Other specifications and dimensions same as for (b) buckwheat 
sieve above.) 

(e) Coarse chess sieve, with slotted perforations 4^/64 inch by one-half inch 
in size. (Other specifications and dimensions same as for (b) buckwheat sieve 
above. ) 

(f) Scalper sieve, with round perforations twelve sixty-fourths inch in diam- 
eter; depth of 1% inches; inside diameter should be 12| inches and roll at top 
of sieve to be five-sixteenths inch in diameter. 

Note. — Sieves (6), (o), (d), and (c) should be made to nest very freely 
with the bottom pan. The scalper sieve (/) should nest very freely with each 
of the other three sieves and also with the bottom pan. 

The smooth surface of the metal should face up. 

In addition to the dockage sieves specified above for the purpose of facilitat- 
ing the handling of certain samples of wheat containing barley, oats, wild oats, 
pieces of Straw, weed stems, or other coarse material, the bureau has found it 

1 A list of the apparatus for grading Shelled corn according to the official grain stand- 
ards of the United States is given on page 8 of Service and Regulatory Announcements, 
Markets 13. 



N 



14 BUREAU OF MARKETS. [S. R. A., 

desirable to incorporate in the method of determining the dockage in the wheat 
the use of a small wheat tester — a device popularly designated as a " wild oat 
kicker." It should be understood, however, that when the so-called wild oat 
kicker is employed it should be used in connection with, and not in lieu of, 
the hand sieves. 

5. Weight per bushel tester (grain tester), 1 quart capacity, with funnel 
having an outlet opening 1J inches in diameter, opening held in place 2 inches 
above the test kettle. A hard wood stick three-eighths inch thick by If inches 
broad and 12 inches long, with long edges rounded to a semicircle is desirable 
for stroking the grain from the overflowing test kettle. (This apparatus is 
fully described in United States Department of Agriculture Bulletin 472.) 

6. A device for correctly dividing a grain sample into smaller portions for 
analysis and moisture determinations. (See United States Department of 
Agriculture Bulletin 287.) 

7. Grain trier (grain probe), 60 inches long. 

8. Air-tight containers (sample cans), capacity approximately 450 grams. 

9. Cloth sample bags, capacity at least 2 quarts. 

10. Grain pans, with spout for pouring into other containers. 

In addition to the apparatus listed above, the following equipment will be 
found convenient and desirable: 

1. Extra moisture testing equipment (flasks, thermometers, graduates, rubber 
stoppers, test tube cleaners, etc.). 

2. Five-gallon oil can equipped with faucet. 

3. Five-gallon oil can equipped with strainer funnel to recover oil. 

4. Five-gallon refuse can. 

5. Small funnel to fit in moisture flasks for pouring sample into the flasks. 

6. Tweezers for mechanical analysis. 

7. Small grain scoop. 

8. Brush for cleaning up grain and grain dust. 

9. Heavy table for handling samples, analysis, etc. 

10. Furniture, including chairs, stationery supplies, files, etc., to keep proper 
records. 

OPINIONS OF GENERAL INTEREST REGARDING QUESTIONS ARIS- 
ING UNDER THE UNITED STATES GRAIN STANDARDS ACT. 

13. Misapprehension regarding the item " dockage " in the official grain standards of the 
United States for wheat. 

Deae Sie : Your letters, under date of July 29 and August 14, written to Hon. 
■ , , , have been referred to this bureau. 

It has been brought to the attention of this bureau from several sources that 
in certain parts of the Southwestern States, where this year's crop of wheat 
is being moved, the country grain dealers are assessing the farmers a discount 
against all wheat purchased, contending that such assessment is mandatory 
by reason of the official grain standards of the United States for wheat under 
the United States grain standards Act. Apparently the contention on the part 
of the country grain dealers is based upon the item " dockage " contained in 
the official standards. From information received by the department it ap- 
pears, however, that the discount is actually an arbitrary assessment in the 
interest of the buyers, and is neither on the basis of the official standards nor 
required or contemplated by the Act or the regulations thereunder. 

The primary purpose in the establishment of the official grain standards of 
the United States was to provide a basis whereby parties to transactions 
involving the purchase and sale of grain shipped or delivered for shipment in 
interstate or foreign commerce might, through being able to obtain a correct 



Markets 20.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



15 



application ©f such standards, arrive at the actual value and make settlement 
accordingly. The standards for wheat do not provide for any arbitrary assess- 
ment for dockage. They do provide for the determination of the amount of 
sand, dirt, weed seeds and weed stems, and certain other matter which may 
be present in a lot of wheat, which is called dockage, the amount of which, if 
present to an extent equal to or in excess of one-half of 1 per cent, being stated 
in terms of the actual percentage as a part of the grade designation of the 
wheat. This is called the dockage system of grading and has been in use in 
the Northwestern States for many years prior to the adoption of the official 
standards. 

The transactions in question appear to be purely local, not involving inter- 
state commerce, and are perhaps conducted in a way not within the prohibi- 
tions of the Act. Nevertheless, this department is investigating the matter and 
will he glad to have any facts which may be of value. It will do everything in 
its power to bring about the discontinuance of misrepresentation based on the 
Act or the standards thereunder. 

For your further information, the opinion of the department regarding dock- 
age in wheat is set forth as follows: 

The official grain standards of the United States for wheat, in force and effect 
for Hard Bed "Winter wheat, Soft Red Winter wheat, Common "White wheat, 
and White Club wheat, on and after July 1, 1917, and, for all other wheat, on 
and after August 1, 1917, as set forth in Service and Regulatory Announcements 
(.Markets) No. 22. include, in part, an item for dockage. This item is found 
under section 3 as follows: 

" Sec. 3. Dockage* — Dockage includes sand, dirt, weed seeds, weed stems, 
chaff, straw, grain other than wheat, and any other foreign material which can 
be removed readily from the wheat by the use of appropriate sieves, clean lug 
devices, or other practical means suited to separate the foreign material pres- 
ent : also, undeveloped, shriveled, and small pieces of wheat kernels necessarily 
removed in properly separating the foreign material. The quantity of dockage 
shall he calculated in terms of percentage based on the total weight of the grain 
including the dockage. The percentage of dockage so calculated shall be stated 
in terms of whole per centum and half per centum. A fraction of a per centum 
when equal to, or greater than, a half shall be treated as a half, and when less 
than a half shall be disregarded. The percentage of dockage so determined and 
stated shall be added to the grade designation." 

The purpose of the item above described is threefold — first, to define dockage; 
second, to prescribe how dockage shall be calculated ; third, that whenever 
dockage is found in wheat, the amount thereof shall be stated and made a part 
of the grade designation for the wheat. 

The department's interest in the question of dockage is primarily directed to 
the enforcement of a correct determination of dockage under the official grain 
standards of the United States for wheat, and to obtaining compliance with the 
provisions of the Act which require the use of those standards and the grades 
thereof. 

For example, in the case of a country dealer who ships his wheat in interstate 
commerce to a terminal market, where inspectors licensed under the grain 
standards Act are located, pursuant to a sale subject to an inspection by such-* 
inspectors, let it be assumed that a particular car of wheat contains 2 per cent 
of dockage. The licensed inspector who inspects and grades this particular car 
of wheat is required by the Act and the rides and regulations of the Secretary 
of Agriculture thereunder (1) to determine the dockage in accordance with the 
official standards; (2) to calculate the dockage as provided for in the official 
standards: and (3) to show, as a part of the grade designation for the wheat 



16 



BUBEAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. it. A., 



©n the certificate of grade issued by him, the amount of dockage (2 per cent) 
which he finds in the wheat. 

For the purpose of obtaining a uniform application of the standards with 
respect to dockage, there will appear in a Service and Regulatory Announce- 
ment now in course of publication, a detailed description of the method recom- 
mended by the department for the determination of dockage, which method is 
used in all offices of Federal grain supervision, in connection with the handling 
of appeals and disputes taken or referred to the Secretary of Agriculture and 
all supervisional activities of such offices. Licensed inspectors in determining 
dockage in wheat in accordance with the official standards necessarily will use 
methods which will give results similar to the results obtained by the use of 
the method recommended by the department. 

In many instances the material determined to be dockage may contain un- 
developed, shriveled, and small pieces of wheat kernels necessarily removed in 
properly separating the foreign material. In such instances the dockage may 
have a considerable commercial value. 

Assuming that the licensed inspector properly performs his duty, that there 
is no appeal, and that the parties interested comply with the requirements of 
sections 4 and 5 of the Act, the manner in which dockage, determined and 
stated in accordance with the official grain standards of the United States for 
wheat, is to be assessed against the seller is a matter to be determined by the 
parties to the transaction. 

There are several methods used in various sections of the country as a 
basis of settlement for wheat in which dockage may be found. They may be 
briefly outlined as follows: (1) The price to be paid may be for the net 
weight contained in the lot or parcel — that is, the gross weight of the wheat 
minus dockage; (2) or it may be a certain price per bushel for the gross 
weight of the wheat less a fixed discount for each 1 per cent of dockage 
contained therein; (3) or it may be a certain price for the net weight (the 
gross weight of the wheat minus the dockage) upon condition that the dockage 
is to be disposed of by the buyer at the market price and the proceeds turned 
over to the seller in whole or in part according to whether there is an agree- 
ment which may allow the buyer a certain percentage for services performed 
by him in cleaning the wheat. 

There is nothing in the Act which would prevent the parties from using any 
of these methods. However, this bureau does not feel that it should at this 
time discuss the relative merits of these methods or express any preference 
among them. In any method which the parties may see fit to adopt, it is the 
©pinion of the department that any value which the dockage may possess 
should be paid for in some manner. 

You will find inclosed herewith a copy of the method recommended by the 
department for the determination of dockage in wheat. This will appear later 
in a Service and Regulatory Announcement as referred to herein. 
Very truly yours, 

Charles J. Brand, CJiief. 

August 24, 1917. 

14. Purchase of wheat on a dockage basis. Rye mixtures. 

Gentlemen : I have your letter of July 30 referring to the application of 
the new wheat standards, in which you mention particularly your inability to 
handle wheat on a dockage basis in competition with a miller, and in which 
you contend also that 6 per cent of rye in wheat would not lower the standard 
•f the flour made therefrom. The department appreciates that the handling 
©f wheat on a dockage basis is new to your locality, but after the matter is 



Markets 26.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 17 

once thoroughly understood I am certain that the members of your organiza- 
tion will be very well satisfied with the dockage system, and that all will agree 
that a load of wheat with 1 per cent of weed seeds, sand, etc., should not be 
purchased at the same price as a load of wheat free from such foreign matter. 
This same condition will likewise solve the difficulties with reference to the 
competition of the miller referred to in your letter. For example, a wagon 
load of wheat consisting of 100 bushels, at $2 per bushel, would amount to $200, 
assuming the same price was paid for the wheat and the weed seed, dirt, and 
chair contained therein. Assuming this load of wheat to contain 1 per cent 
dockage, consisting of weed seeds, dirt and other foreign material, would leave 
a net of 99 bushels of dockage free wheat. For this you could pay $2.02 per 
bushel, making a total cost of $199.98, so that if you have been able to compete 
with this miller heretofore, you should be able to meet the same competition 
under the new standards, if properly handled. 

With reference to the rye mixtures, investigations of the department have 
shown that rye in wheat in excess of 2 per cent will lower the standard as to 
color and texture of the bread made from the flour. Moreover, I think you 
will appreciate that if 6 per cent of rye were allowed in No. 2 wheat that it 
would make it possible for the handler of grain in a large elevator to buy rye 
and mix it with the wheat at a considerable profit, for example, in Chicago on 
August 8, No. 2 hard wheat sold for $2.60 per bushel, or 4£ cents per pound. 
On the same date, the same market, No. 2 rye sold for $1.90 per bushel, or 
3.39 cents per pound. The substitution of 6 per cent of rye for 6 per cent 
wheat on the basis of the foregoing prices would result in a profit of 3.4 cents 
per bushel, and eventually such procedure would result in the lowering of the 
price of all wheat to the detriment of the producers. 

I have gone into this matter somewhat in detail, but am sure that with a 
more thorough understanding of the new wheat standards the department may 
count* on your full cooperation. I also desire to assure you that we shall be 
glad to have suggestions from you or any of the members of your company in the 
hope of improving the standards whenever possible. 
Very truly yours, 

Charles J. Brand, Chief. 

August 10, 1917. 

15. Classification of grain after dockage is removed. Use of sieve in dockage determination. 

Dear Mr. : Reference is made to your letter of July 21 transmitting 

copy of letter from Mr. , grain supervisor at , , 

dated July 19. as follows: 

" In the matter of a grade for a car which was formerly classed as * wheat 
screenings ' should it now be graded as sample grade wheat showing a heavy 
per cent of dockage, or would it be proper to continue to grade it as wheat 
screenings, and not require the issuance of a certificate of grade under the 
grain standards Act?" 

Your opinion is noted that in such circumstances, inasmuch as the grain 
which was formerly known as "wheat screenings" consists mainly of the 
material which is now screened out of the wheat as dockage, it should not be 
termed wheat screenings but simply screenings, unless there is 94 per cent of 
the wheat that will remain on the one-twelfth inch screen, and then it should 
be graded and classified as wheat. 

It is the opinion of this bureau that if grain submitted for grading under 
the United States grain standards for wheat consists of at least 94 per cent 
of wheat after dockage has been removed, it should be graded and classified 
as wheat in accordance with the official grain standards for wheat. 
12717°— 17 3 



18 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A.,- 



Iu this connection you are advised that, in every case of dockage determina- 
tion, the appropriate sieve or sieves, which may or may not include the one- 
twelfth-inch sieve, must be used. 
Very truly yours, 

Herbert C. Marshall, Acting Chief. 

August 2, 15)17. 

16. Licensed inspector as such is permitted to grade and designate wheat only according to 
the official grain standards. Use of the dockage basis. Some cases where Act does 
not apply. 

Gentlemen : Reference is made to your letter of July 27, in which you present 
questions which have arisen with respect to the effect of the adoption of the 
dockage system as an element in the determination of grade according to the 
official grain standards of the United States. 

It appears that you bought a car of wheat which graded at your market No. 2 
Red wheat, 1 per cent dockage ; that the contents of the car weighed 88.060 
pounds ; and that in settling with the shipper you docked the car 8S0 pounds 
and paid, according to the grade assigned, for the net amount of wheat. 87,180 
pounds. The shipper complained that he was entitled to payment for the gross 
amount. 

Your general understanding of the manner in which wheat should be graded 
under the official grain standards is correct. There is, however, no such grade 
as No. 2 Red wheat according to the official grain standards. Assuming, never- 
theless, that the wheat was correctly graded and that the documents in con- 
nection with the transaction properly state the grade, the question whether 
you are compelled to pay for the gross weight or the net weight of the wheat 
is purely one of interpretation of your contract, with respect to which this 
bureau is not able to advise you. 

You ask whether it would be possible for the licensed inspector who inspects 
and grades the wheat to furnish a' statement of the grade both according to 
the old method ; that is to say, without the removal of the separable foreign 
material, i. e., dockage, and according to the method prescribed in the official 
grain standards of the United States. The provisions of the Act which are 
particularly important in this connection are as follows: 

" Sec 4. * * * No person shall in any certificate or in any contract or 
agreement of sale or agreement to sell by grade, either oral or written, involv- 
ing, or in any invoice or bill of lading or other shipping document relating to, 
the shipment or delivery for shipment, in interstate or foreign commerce, of 
any grain for which standards shall have been fixed and established under this 
Act, describe, or in any way refer to, any of such grain as being of a grade 
other than a grade fixed therefor in the official grain standards of the United 
States. 

" Sec. 7. * * * The Secretary of Agriculture may suspend or revoke any 
license issued by him under this Act whenever, after opportunity for hearing 
has been given to the licensee, the Secretary shall determine that such 
licensee * * * has knowingly or carelessly graded grain * * * by any 
other standard than is authorized under this Act." 

You will observe from the foregoing that when the use of the official grain 
standards of the United States is required the use of any other standards or 
grades is unlawful. This is true whether the points of shipment and destina- 
tion are inspection points or not. Penalties for violation of section 4 are pro- 
vided in section 9 of the Act. Consequently a licensed inspector, in the perform- 
ance of his duties as such, is permitted to grade and designate wheat only 
according to the official grain standards. 



MaFfcefcs.2C] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



19 



YOU direct attention to hardships which may result in the inspection markets 
from tiu^ strict enforcement <>f the requirements of the Act. It is undoubtedly 
true that there must be a readjustment in sections such as yours where the 
dockage system has been unknown, and the department is doing everything 
possible to bring about the necessary change in methods. Members of the grain 
u ndo who are complying with the requirements of the Act can accomplish much 
by assisting the department in spreading information in regard to the require- 
ments of the Act. 

You also direct attention to two cars of wheat which you slate were shipped 
out of [Al. Oklahoma, to some point between [B], Texas, and [A], and which 
were diverted and sold to you. You State that then 1 is nothing in the bills of 
lading or any of the other papers received by you to show Where the diversion 
took place or in fact that the shipment was other than one from [A] to [B]. 

The requirements of section 4 of the Act apply only to grain for which 
official grain standards of the United States are in effect, which is sold, offered 
for sale, or consigned for sale by grade. If the shipments in question were 
made pursuant to, and in fulfillment of, contracts made prior to the date on 
which the standards for the Wheat in question became effective, the Act does 
not apply. Furthermore, the Act does not apply to a shipment made between 
two points in the same State when the movement is wholly within that State. 
At the same time, if the transactions otherwise come within the provisions of 
the Act, the question whether or not inspection was required depends in the 
case presented by you upon an exact knowledge of the facts, particularly as to 
the points between which the movements took place. You will, therefore, 
readily see that without definite evidence along these lines this office is not able 
to answer your question satisfactorily. If the required information can be 
obtained and all papers and correspondence in the matter can be furnished, the 
matter will be further considered, as it is the desire of this bureau to bring 
about a correct understanding of the provisions of the law. 

This bureau wishes to express its appreciaiton of the full and frank manner 
in which you have discussed the questions presented by you. 
Yery 1 ruly yours, 

Charles J. Brand, Chief. 

August 13. 1017. 

17. The place of sampling is the place of inspction within the meaning of the Act. 

Deab Mr. : Receipt is acknowledged of your letter of July 19, 1917, 

< alling attention to the place where the Minnesota State grain inspection de- 
partment obtains the samples of wheat upon which the grade under the United 
States grain standards Act is placed by its inspectors in Minneapolis. 

It appears that the Minnesota inspection department lias samplers stationed 

at points considerably distant from Minneapolis, such as , , 

, etc., who there sample cars of wheat en route to Minneapolis and 

Ship the samples by express to that point for grading. Almost without excep- 
tion the samples arrive in Minneapolis considerably in advance of the cars 
from which they were taken, while at the same time the cars almost always 
will have left the place of sampling before other samples can be taken for the 
purpose of an appeal filed in your office from the grade assigned the grain by 
the licensed inspector at Minneapolis. Consequently, it will be frequently im- 
practicable for your office to sample the grain Involved in an appeal at the 
place where and at approximately the same time when, the sample forming 
the basis of the inspector's assignment of grade was taken. 

You state that sometimes a week or more elapses between the date of 
sampling at an outlying point and the date the car arrives in Minneapolis, 



20 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A, 



so that if an appeal should he filed in your office in Minneapolis, it would 
often be impracticable to secure a sample upon which to base your determina- 
tion of grade on appeal until the car arrived in Minneapolis, a considerable 
time after the date when the licensed inspector's sample was taken. In fact, 
it is understood rhat in some cases the ears there sampled may never reach 

Minneapolis. From a letter, dated July 23. received from Mr. , the 

grain supervisor at Duluth. it appears that the same practice exists with re- 
spect to securing samples upon which inspectors in that market make their 
determination of grade. 

Your difficulty, and that of Mr. , consists in the uncertainty you have 

as to whether the place where the grain is graded, that is, Minneapolis or 
Duluth as the case may be, or the place of sampling of the grain, shall be 
deemed the place of inspection within the meaning of the Act and the rules 
and regulations thereunder. 

Section 6 of the United States grain standards Act, after providing for the 
taking of an appeal by any interested party to the Secretary of Agriculture 
from an inspection by a licensed inspector of grain for which standards have 
been fixed, and which has been sold, offered for sale, or consigned for sale, or 
which has been shipped or delivered for shipment in interstate or foreign com- 
merce, continues : 

" That any appeal from such inspection and grading to the Secretary of 
Agriculture shall be taken before the grain leaves the place wh^re the in- 
spection appealed from was made, and before the identity of the grain has 
been lost, under such rules and regulations as the Secretary of Agriculture 
may prescribe." 

Regulation 2, section 2, of the rules and regulations promulgated by the 
Secretary of Agriculture under the Act, provides : 

" Sec. 2, An appeal shall be taken (a) before the grain leaves the place 
where the inspection appealed from was made; (&) before the identity of the 
grain has been lost; and (c) as promptly as possible, but in no event' later 
than the expiration of 48 hours, exclusive of nonbusiness days, after the re- 
cording of the inspection of the grain involved, as required by section 15 of 
regulation 2." 

Under the rules and regulations, an appeal is heard in the first place by the 
grain supervisor in charge of the district in which the inspection appealed from 
was made, and the grade of the grain determined in connection therewith 
either upon an examination of an agreed sample furnished him by the parties, 
or, if no agreed sample is submitted, upon an examination of a representa- 
tive sample drawn from the lot or parcel of grain involved by a person 
authorized for that purpose either by the Secretary of Agriculture or such grain 
supervisor. After the supervisor determines the grade he issues to the in- 
terested parties a grade memorandum stating the grade of the grain, and, among 
other things, the location of the grain at the time of the appeal. Such loca- 
tion must be the place of inspection mentioned in the foregoing quotations 
from the Act and rules and regulations thereunder. The grain supervisor's 
grade memorandum is later followed by formal findings of the facts, includ- 
ing a statement of the location of the grain at the time of the appeal, issued over 
the signature of the Secretary of Agriculture. These findings of the Secretary, 
under the provisions of section 6 of the United States grain standards Act, con- 
stitute in courts of the United States prima facie evidence of the true grade 
of the grain at the time and place specified in the findings. 

In the case of appeals from inspections by licensed inspectors at Minne- 
apolis and Duluth, therefore, it appears that, if the place of inspection is the 
place where the sample was taken upon which the inspection is based, in al- 



Markets 26.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



21 



most every case the appeal would have to be dismissed Cor the reason that 
the grain will have left the place of inspection before the appeal was filed, 
rendering impossible the taking of a sample at the place of inspection for 
the purpose of the appeal. On the other hand, if Minneapolis or Duluth, as 
the case may be, is considered in the circumstances to he (he place of in- 
spection, it would be accessary Cor the grain supervisor Ln each case to await 
the arrival of the car containing the grain involved at Minneapolis or Duluth, 
as the case may he, before he could secure a representative sample, or before it 
would be practicable foe the parties, it' they desired, to submit an agreed sample 
of the grain involved. As you state that it sometimes occurs that a week or 
more elapses between the date of taking of the sample upon which the 
licensed inspector based his grade and the date of the arrival of the grain at 
destination, approximately that interval of time during which the grade 
might change, would sometimes occur between the date of the inspection 
appealed from and the date of the determination of the grade on appeal. It 
is well known that the condition, and necessarily the grade, of grain may under- 
go a change during such an interval of time; in which circumstances, even if 
the inspector's determination of grade were correct originally, he would have 
to be reversed on appeal. The appeal, furthermore, would .not determine 
whether the inspector's grade was correct. 

In the light of the attendant circumstances, the department is of the opinion 
that the place of sampling is the place of inspection, within the meaning of the 
Act. One of the conditions to the right to appeal is that the grain shall not 
have left the place of inspection. If the grain is not in Minneapolis at the 
time of inspection, that place can not possibly 'be the place of inspection, be- 
cause the requirement that the grain shall not have left the place of inspection 
when the appeal was filed implies that, in every case, the place of inspection 
must be the place of the grain at the time of inspection. Sampling is an 
essential part of the inspection and the only part necessarily performed at the 
locality of the grain. The law requiring that at the time of taking an appeal 
the grain must be at the place of inspection, the only practical conclusion is 
that the place of sampling fixes the place of inspection. 

The law must be construed so as to effectuate, if possible, all the purposes 
of its enactment. It is apparent, from the language of section 6 of the Act, 
that Congress intended that the grade of grain on appeal shall be ascertained 
under conditions practically precluding a change in the grade of the grain 
between inspection and appeal. Appeals from the assignment of grade to grain 
inspected by a licensed inspector under the Act are provided for in section 6. 
That section states, in effect, that the occasion for an appeal occurs when the 
grain shall have been inspected by a licensed inspector, as required by the Act, 
"and a dispute arises as to whether the grade, as determined by such inspec- 
tion of any such grain, in fact, conforms to the standard of the specified grade." 
Obviously, if the dispute is as to the grade assigned the grain by the licensed 
inspector, the settlement of the dispute involves, first, the question whether 
the licensed inspector was correct in his assignment of the specified grade, and 
if not, then, second, the ascertainment of the proper grade which should have 
been assigned to the grain. Certainly it would be impossible to determine 
these matters under conditions essentially different from those affecting the 
determination of the grade by the inspector. That this was appreciated by 
Congress is indicated by the language of the proviso to section G, which requires 
noi only that the appeal from the inspection and grading of the licensed in- 
spector shall be taken before the grain leaves the place of inspection, but also 
before the identity of the grain has been lost. 



22 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. It. 



Undoubtedly, if the grain, .subsequent to inspection, has been mixed wt€Ii 
other grain or its identity lost in some other manner, it would be impossible to 
determine whether the grade assigned the grain by the licensed inspector w;r; 
correct, and, if not, what is the true grade. The place of inspection, therefore, 
ought to be construed to be the place best adapted to effectuate the intent of the 
law. Sampling, the initial act of the inspection, necessarily is made where the 
grain is located at that time, which place is. in every case, a place where some 
part of the act of inspection is performed. If the appeal sample can be taken 
there, your difficulty would not exist. If, however, the sample for appeal pur- 
poses is taken at a place different from and at a time long subsequent to the 
taking of the inspector's sample, as would be the case if Minneapolis, for in- 
stance, were deemed to be the place of inspection, the conditions at the time of 
appeal might be so changed as to make it impracticable to determine whether 
the inspector's grade was correct and the object sought by the appeal would 
fail of accomplishment. As this would not effectuate the purpose of the appeal 
as stated in the law, Minneapolis, in such case, could not have been intended to 
be deemed the place of inspection. On the other hand, sampling being the only 
act of inspection performed necessarily at the place of the grain, a construction 
that the place q£ sampling is the place of inspection effectuates fully the intent 
of the law. V 

Again, if the place of inspection be deemed a place where the grade is deter- 
mined by the inspector in the case of an appeal filed in your office, it would be 
necessary to await the arrival of the car at Minneapolis before a sample could 
be secured for the purpose of the appeal. In case of long delay of such arrival, 
the findings of the Secretary, which are required by law to state the grade at a 
certain time and place, would state the grade at Minneapolis and a time con- 
siderably subsequent to the date of inspection. The findings, of course, would 
be true as to the grade of the grain at the place and time stated therein, but 
might not be true as to the correct grade of the grain at the time of the inspec- 
tion appealed from. This follows because the grain might have gone out of 
condition in the interval. Since the findings are final, so far as this department 
is concerned, as to the grade of the grain at the place of the inspection and 
constitute prima facie evidence thereof in courts of the United States, it is of 
the utmost importance that they state only facts known to be true. In this 
view, it would be most unwise, to say the least, to hold that Minneapolis or 
Duluth, as the case may be, is the place of inspection fn the absence from that 
place of the grain at the time of inspection. 

It will be seen, therefore, that every consideration "points to the piace of in- 
spection as being the place where the inspector's sample was collected. 

You will understand that this opinion does not preclude the entertaining of an 
appeal, filed in your office within 48 hours from the recording of an inspection 
by a licensed inspector, if the car remains at the place of sampling so that 
a sample for the purposes of the appeal can there be secured * s provided, of 
course, the appeal otherwise is within the requirements of the law and rules 
and regulations thereunder. Furthermore, this opinion must not be con- 
strued to hold that grain must remain at the exact spot where sampled for 
the licensed inspector's purpose. The department inclines to the view that 
the place of insertion includes the switching limits of the particular market 
wherein the inspection was made. 

In view of the foregoing, it follows that whenever a car of grain which 
has been inspected and graded by a licensed inspector shall have left the 
place of sampling before an appeal from the grade assigned by the inspector is 
filed in your office, the appeal may not be entertained. Nevertheless, interested 
parties can secure a Federal determination of the grade of the grain by having 



i 



Markets 26.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



a reinspection of the grain made by a licensed inspector upon its arrival at 
Minneapolis and riling- in your office an appeal from the grade so assigned the 
grain. It is understood that this is very much like the procedure in appeals 
heretofore entertained by the Minnesota State Board of Appeals; that is to 
say, a reinspection has been called at Minneapolis, and an appeal has been 
taken from the grade assigned the grain in connection with the reinspection. It 
is understood that new samples are not collected at all times in connection 
with such reinspection, but that is a mere incident, the point being that the 
procedure necessary in view of this opiuion is similar in priuciple to that 
heretofore in vogue in connection with appeals entertained by the State De- 
partment. 

Very truly yours, 

Charles J. Brand, Chief. 

August 8, 1017. 

18. Sampler at small points where amount of business does not justify employment pt 
licensed inspectors. 

Dear Mr. : Reference is made to your letter under date of June 19. 

You state that many of the flour mills in your district, and those adjoining, 
are located in small towns where there is not enough grain handled to justify 
the employment of a licensed inspector. It appears that the grain dealers in 
such towns desire to have their grain inspected by an inspector licensed under 
the United States grain standards Act. You state further that it is the plan 
of these grain dealers to ask licensed inspectors located in Louisville, Nash- 
ville, and Cincinnati, to appoint or designate some competent person to sample 
grain received at or shipped from certain small towns in the vicinity of these 
cities. It would be the duty of the sampler to obtain representative samples 
of the grain and mail the same to the licensed inspector, who will inspect, 
grade, and certificate the grade of, the grain. You also state that it is under- 
stood that the licensed inspector assumes all responsibility for the work of 
the sampler, and ask if such practice would in any way be a violation of the 
United States grain standards Act or the rules and regulations thereunder. 
You ask to be advised also if points at which only samplers are located would 
be considered inspection points. 

The primary purpose of Congress in the passage of the grain standards Act 
was to provide for the establishment of a single set of standards of quality 
and condition for grain, to govern the grading thereof and to be uniformly 
applied to shipments in interstate or foreign commerce, With this in view it 
is believed that the benefits of grain inspection, under Federal supervision, 
should be extended to the grain trade just as far as possible and consistent 
with commercial conditions. It is the opinion of this bureau that such an 
extension of official inspection as outlined by you is in no way a violation of 
tlie Act or the rules and regulations thereunder, and you are advised that 
sucii an extension would meet with the hearty approval of the department, 
provided, that the licensed inspector acting in accordance with the proposed 
plan can be assured of an accurate application of the Federal standards to the 
grain involved. 

In this connection, your attention is invited to the further opinion of this 
bureau* regarding the following points : 

1. A licensed inspector, as such, is responsible for a correct application of 
the standards to any grain for which he issues an inspection certificate. 

2. The license granted by the Secretary of Agriculture to a licensed inspector 
does not restrict his activities to any particular place in the United States 



24 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



FS. R; A., 



except to the extent necessary to the proper performance of bis duties under 
The Act. 

3. A licensed inspector is, in accordance with paragraph 1, section 11, regu- 
lation 2 of the rules and regulations of the Secretary, obliged to inspect, grade, 
and certificate the grade of, any grain of the kind mentioned in his license, if 
the grain be offered for inspection at a place where he performs inspection 
services, as designated by him in accordance with the rules and regulations. 

4. In his certificates of inspection, daily records, and monthly reports of grain 
inspected and graded by him, he is required to state the place where the grain 
was located at the time of inspection. 

With reference to your question as to whether a place at which only a 
sampler is located would be considered an inspection point, you are advised 
that a place is considered an inspection point for the purpose of the Act when 
a licensed inspector, in the manner prescribed in the regulations, has desig- 
nated that place as one at which he will perform inspection services under 
the Act. 

In this connection, your attention is called to section 9, regulation 2, of the 
rules and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture under the Act. 
Very truly yours, 

Charles J. Brand, Cliicf. 

July 1G, 1917. 

19. True designations of the official grain standards must be used in stating grade of grain. 
Use of variety names. 

Dear Mr. : Tour letter of December 19 is received. 

You state that in the territory contributory to St. Louis there is produced a 
type of corn known as St. Charles County white corn; that the grains are 
rather flinty and pearly and the cobs are deep red and chaffy ; that there is a 
demand for it to be used as seed corn ; and that it frequently brings a premium 
over other white corn. 

For the purpose of responding to an inquiry made to your office, you ask to 
be advised how this corn should be classified under the Federal grades, and 
whether it is permissible to make a notation on the face of a certificate of grade 
lor such corn, issued under the United States grain standards Act, that it is 
St. Charles corn. 

The official grain standards of the United States for shelled corn (maize) 
apply to that of the St. Charles variety. It should be graded in accordance 
with such standards in the same way as other varieties of corn (maize). 

It does not appear to be contrary to the Act to make a notation on a certifi- 
cate of grade issued for such corn by a licensed inspector that it is St. Charles 
corn, if such be the fact and be not misleading. However, such notation should 
not be placed on the certificate in the grade line or column, or coupled with the 
grade designation, or placed or stated therein in any way which would confuse 
it with, or qualify, the grade. 

The word " County " if coupled with the term " St. Charles " might be mis- 
leading and should not be so used, since the growth of this variety is not now 
limited to St. Charles County, Mo., which is the origin of the trade term 
" St. Charles County, white." 

If it be desired to make a notation of the kind referred to on certificates of 
grade, it is suggested that the term " St. Charles variety " is more accurate and 
specific than, and would be preferable to, the term " St. Charles corn." 
Very truly yours, 

Herbert C. Marshall, Acting Chief. 

January 19. 1917. 



Markets26] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 25 

20. Report to Department of Agriculture to be made by shipper. 

Gentlemen: Your Letter of January c>, toil, lias been received. 

Von state as follows : 

For instance, we might buy a car of corn 1'roni a shipper located at , 

— . — the same to be shipped as we direct and upon which we give him 

shipping instructions to ship the same to , — . — . This corn will then 

move interstate and from one point to another point at which there is no 
licensed inspector. Our question is, are we or is the original owner of the 
corn to notify you that such shipment has been made?" 

It is assumed that the transaction to which you refer is a sale by grade. 
The requirement of a report which you have in mind is embraced in regu- 
lation 7 of the rules and regulations under the United States grain standards 
Act. That regulation expressly places the obligation to make this report upon 
the shipper of the grain involved. Your statement of facts assumes, and 
apparently it is true, that in the case you describe the seller of the grain at 

, — . — ., is the shipper. If so, he is the party who should submit the 

report to the Secretary of Agriculture. 
Very truly yours, 

< 1 ttakles J. Brand, Chief. 

January 20, 1917. 

21. Shipper of shelled corn in interstate or foreign commerce between points where there are 

not licensed inspectors must report shipment to Department of Agriculture. 

Dear Sir: Reference is made to your letter of March 2, 1017, in regard to 
reports which must be made to the Secretary of Agriculture in compliance with 
the requirements of regulation 7 of the rules and regulations under the United 
States grain standards Act. 

You state in substance that you are interested in a retail and wholesale feetf 
and grain business; that all of the corn that you buy has been inspected before 
arrival ; and that you ship mixed cars from your point to other dealers in other 

towns, mostly in ■ — - State, but sometimes in another State. You ask 

whether, if you slop in the mixed car a quantity of the shelled corn you bought, 
you have to report it to the department. 

You also ask whether, if you buy a car of corn from a western farmer, 
which is not inspected, he must make a report, and, if he has reported it, 
whether you must report it, when you ship it out. 

If the shelled corn in question is sold, offered for sale, or consigned for sale 
by grade and shipped in interstate or foreign commerce, as defined in the Act, 
from a point al which there is no licensed inspector to a point at which there 
is no such inspector, the report mentioned in regulation 7 must be made to 
the Secretary of Agriculture by the shipper. 

The fact that the same com was inspected by a licensed inspector before 
delivery to you does not relieve you of the necessity of making a report to the 
Secretary of Agriculture for the shipment made by you, if it is of the kind 
mentioned in regulation 7. 

If the shipment to you by the western farmer is of the kind described in 
regulation 7. it will be necessary for him to make a report and, if you reship 
the corn, a report from you of the reshipment will be necessary in the cases 
mentioned in regulation 7. 
Very truly yours, 

Chari.es J. Brand, Chief. 

March 15, 1917. 



26 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



22. Authority of Department of Agriculture with reference to licensed inspectors employed 

by State. 

Deae Sib : Reference is made to your telegram addressed to this office under 
date of June 12, which reads as follows : 

" Our annual meeting to establish grain grades will be held June 14. 

If our board adopts the Federal grades as grades, will your department 

assume any jurisdiction over grain graded by the inspection depart- 

ment for intrastate shipment? Wire answer." 

In reply tins office telegraphed you as follows: 

" This department has no jurisdiction over grain graded for intrastate 
commerce only. However, inspectors licensed under grain standards Act, even 
though grading for intrastate commerce as well as interstate commerce, are 
subject to jurisdiction Secretary of Agriculture in accordance with section 7 
of Act and regulations thereunder. No difference in these respects between 
wheat and corn after wheat standards become effective. See letter November 
15, 1916, to you and letter following this telegram." <• 

You will of course appreciate that it was difficult to answer briefly in a 
telegram all of the questions which might be involved in your inquiry. If, 
therefore, any question you have in your mind was not clearly answered in 
the telegram from this office or is not covered in this letter, a further and more 
detailed inquiry will be appreciated. 

The primary purpose of Congress in the passage of the Act was to provide 
for the establishment of a single set of standards of quality and condition for 
grain to govern the grading thereof and to be uniformly applied to shipments 
in interstate and foreign commerce. In order to carry out its purpose, Congress 
required, with certain incidental exceptions, that all grain, shipped or delivered 
for shipment in interstate or foreign commerce as defined in the Act, which is 
sold, offered for sale, or consigned for sale by grade, shall be inspected and 
graded by licensed inspectors, and the grade by which it is sold, offered for 
sale, or consigned for sale, shall be one of the grades fixed therefor in the 
official grain standards of the United States. Among other things, as a means 
to the accomplishment of this end, the Secretary of Agriculture was authorized 
to issue licenses to inspect and grade grain and to certificate the grade thereof 
for shipment or delivery for shipment in interstate or foreign commerce under 
the Act and under the rules and regulations prescribed thereunder ; and it was 
provided that any such license may be suspended or revoked in case the licensee 
is incompetent or has knowingly or carelessly graded grain improperly or by 
any other standard than is authorized under the Act or has issued any false 
certificate of grade, or has accepted any money or other consideration directly 
or indirectly for any neglect or improper performance of duty or has violated 
any provision of the Act or the rules and regulations thereunder. In addition, 
the Secretary of Agriculture is specifically directed to require licensed inspec- 
tors to keep complete and correct records and to make certain reports. 

There is nothing in the Act which directly regulates intrastate commerce in 
grain, or persons other than licensed inspectors who inspect and grade grain 
solely for intrastate commerce, but when licensed inspectors also perform 
services with respect to grain which is not subject to the requirements of the 
Act it is essential that there shall be nothing in the manner in which they 
perform such services which shall be inimical to a proper performance of their 
duties under the Act and the accomplishment of its purposes. To this extent, 
necessarily, the manner in which they perform all inspection services, whether 
for interstate and foreign commerce or not, is subject to regulation, and will 
be carefully scrutinized and taken into consideration by this department with 
respect to their conduct as licensed inspectors under the Act. 



Markets 20.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



27 



In this connection, under present conditions in many cases, it is difficult, if 
not impracticable, for licensed Inspectors to determine with accuracy whether 
or not grain inspected by them is being shipped or delivered for shipment in 
interstate or foreign commerce or not, as they are without the requisite informa- 
tion. This is undoubtedly true in , where probably the larger percentage 

of all grain at some stage in its movement enters into interstate or foreign 
commerce. As you know, licensed inspectors are now required in their daily 
records and their reports to show all inspections made by them. 

This office again invites your attention to a letter addressed to you under 
date of November 15, 1916, by the Secretary of Agriculture in response to your 
letter of October 24, in regard to the adoption by your board of the official 
grain standards for shelled corn and the jurisdiction of this department over 
inspections under those standards. With respect to wheat after the standards 
therefor become effective under the provisions of the Act, the jurisdiction 
of this department and, except with such modifications as from time to time 
max become necessary, the rules and regulations made pursuant to the Act will 
be identically the same as they have been for shelled corn since December 1, 
1916. The same observation is true as to any other grain for which hereafter 
standards may be established. 
Very truly yours, 

Charles J. Brand, Chief. 

June 25, 1917. 

23. Authority of Department of Agriculture with reference to licensed inspectors employed by 
State. 

Dear Sir : Your letter of December 11 is received. 

You raise the question as to whether it is the intention of the Secretary of 
Agriculture, under the United States grain standards Act, to issue licenses to 
persons other than State grain inspectors to inspect and grade grain in States 
having State grain-inspection departments established by the laws thereof. 

Section 7 of the Act provides, in part : 

" The Secretary of Agriculture may issue a license to any person upon presen- 
tation to him of satisfactory evidence that such person is competent to inspect 
and grade grain and to certificate the grade thereof for shipment or delivery 
for shipment in interstate or foreign commerce, under this Act and the rules and 
regulations prescribed thereunder. No person authorized or employed by any 
State, county, city, town, board of trade, chamber of commerce, corporation, 
society, partnership, or association to inspect or grade grain shall certify, or 
otherwise state or indicate in writing, that any grain for shipment or delivery 
for shipment in interstate or foreign commerce which has been inspected or 
graded by him or by any person acting under his authority is of one of the 
grades of the official grain standards of the United States unless he holds an 
uiisuspei*ded and unrevoked license issued by the Secretary of Agriculture: 
Provided, That in any State which has or which may hereafter have a State 
grain inspection department established by the laws of such State the Secretary 
of Agriculture shall issue licenses to the persons duly authorized and employed 
to inspect and grade grain under the laws of such State. The Secretary of 
Agriculture may suspend or revoke any license issued by him under this Act 
whenever, after opportunity for hearing has been given to the licensee, the 
Secretary shall determine that such licensee is incompetent or has knowingly 
or carelessly graded grain improperly or by any other standard than is author- 
ized under this Act or has issued any false certificate of grade or has accepted 
any money or other consideration, directly or indirectly, for any neglect or 



28 



BUEEAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



improper performance of duty or has violated any provision of this Act or of 
the rules and regulations made hereunder. Pending investigation the Secretary 
of Agriculture, whenever he deems necessary, may suspend a license tem- 
porarily without hearing: Provided further, That no person~licensed by the 
Secretary of Agriculture to inspect or grade grain or employed by him in carry- 
ing out any of the provisions of this Act shall during the term of such license 
or employment be interested, financially or otherwise, directly or indirectly, in 
any grain elevator or warehouse, or in the merchandising of grain, nor shall he 
be in the employment of any person or corporation owning or operating any 
grain elevator or warehouse." 

Section 7, broadly, .authorizes the Secretary of Agriculture to issue a license 
to any person upon presentation to him of satisfactory evidence that such per- 
son is competent, to inspect and grade grain and to certificate the grade thereof 
for shipment, or delivery for shipment, in interstate or foreign commerce under 
The Act and the rules and regulations prescribed thereunder. The first pro- 
viso quoted requires the Secretary of Agriculture, in the case of a State hav- 
ing a State grain inspection department established by the laws thereof, to 
issue licenses to persons duly authorized and employed to inspect and grade 
grain under the laws of such State. 

The proviso mentioned is a direction to the Secretary of Agriculture to issue 
licenses to certain classes of persons and is not a limitation upon his authority 
to issue licenses. There appears to be nothing in the Act which either expressly 
or by necessary implication limits the issuance of licenses, in any State hav- 
ing a State grain-inspection department, only to persons authorized and em- 
ployed to inspect and grade grain under the laws of such State. In fact, the 
only limitation placed upon the authority of the Secretary of Agriculture to 
issue licenses to persons other than State grain inspectors is that they must 
first show to his satisfaction their competency to inspect and grade grain and 
to certificate the grade thereof. 

The licenses issued by the Secretary of Agriculture under the Act to inspect 
and grade grain do not, and there is nothing in the Act to show that Congress 
intended that they should, define any particular geographical limits.- It appears 
that any licensee may inspect and grade grain in accordance with the Act and 
the rules and regulations thereunder at any point in the United States where he 
may locate or be located. 

If the Secretary of Agriculture should draw a strict line, as you suggest, and 
refuse to issue licenses to any applicant located in a State having a State 
grain-inspection department, merely because he was not authorized and em- 
ployed to inspect and grade grain under the laws of such State, it is believed 
that such action would be out of harmony with the language and purposes 
4>f the statute. 

The right to inspect and grade grain and to certificate the grade thereof, 
which is conferred by a license issued under the United States grain st&ndards 
Act, is confined to interstate or foreign commerce as defined in the Act. This 
in no way conflicts with the sovereign rights of any State, but merely occupies 
a field in which Congress has supreme power. In so far as purely intrastate 
commerce is concerned, the State laws continue to operate exclusively. 
Very truly yours, 

D. P. Houston. 

Secretary. 

January 2, 1917. 



Markets26.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



29 



24. Rules of boards of trade not in conflict wih Act and its regulations arc permissible. 

Deab Sib: Your letter of February 27 addressed to Mr. — . — . , asking 

for an expression of the attitude of this department toward recognizing rules 
in operation at; the different terminals and boards of trade is received. 

There appeal's to he no objection, in so far as this department is concerned, 
to the adoption and enforcement by a hoard of trade or similar organization 
of any rule, not in itself unlawful, which does not conflict with the United 
States grain standards Act or the rules and regulations prescribed thereunder. 
However, in its administration of the Act. the department would not recognize 
any rule of a hoard of trade or similar organization which is in conflict with 
the Act or the rules and regulations prescribed thereunder. Tn this connection 
your attention is directed to the following sections of regulation S of the rules 
and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture under the Act: 

"Sec. G. Whenever, under the Act and the rules and regulations prescribed 
pursuant thereto, inspection and grading of any grain by a licensed inspector 
is required, no person, otherwise entitled under the Act and said rules and 
regulations to have such inspection and grading performed, shall be deprived 
of his right thereto by any rule, regulation, by-law, or custom of any market, 
hoard of trade, chamber of commerce, exchange, inspection department, or 
similar organization, or by any contract, agreement, or understanding what- 
soever. 

" Sec. 7. No rule, regulation, by-law. or custom of any market, board of 
trade, chamber of commerce, exchange, inspection department, or similar organ- 
ization, nor any contract, agreement, or understanding shall be ground for 
refusing to hear and determine any appeal taken or any dispute referred to the 
Secretary of Agriculture in compliance with the Act and the rules and regu- 
lations prescribed thereunder." 

The particular board of trade rules mentioned by you requiring' that the 
inspection of grain be made within 48 hours after its arrival, and that rein- 
spection be had within 48 hours after original inspection, appear on their face 
not to he in conflict with the Act or the rules and regulations prescribed there- 
under, but the department is not in a position to give a definite opinion on these 
points without a consideration of the specific language of the board of trade 
rules involved. 

Very truly yours, 

Charles .T. Brand, Chief. 

Mabch 17. 1917. 

25. Inspection of grain in " split " or " bulkhead " cars. Use of terms " in " and " out " 

inspection. Permissible place of inspection. 

Dear Mr. : Reference is made to your letter of January 13. 

When a licensed inspector inspects and grades grain in what are commonly 
known as " split "' cars of " bulkhead " cars, he may, in his certificate of grade, 
designate the amount of grain inspected as "one-half car," "one-fourth car," 
etc.. as the case may be, if the exact quantity is not known to him. In order 
to identify the particular lot or parcel covered by the certificate, he should 
show on the certificate the location of the lot, as. for example, "brake end," 
"nonhrake end."' or "end opposite brake end." or otherwise, so as properly to 
indicate its location in the car. 

You ask what is the meaning of " in " and " out " inspection. When the term 
"in Inspection" is used, it refers particularly to grain inspected upon arrival 
at a market, while the term "out inspection" refers especially to shipments 
moving out from a market, even though not made from an elevator. 



30 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



You also ask, if a car of shelled corn arrives in in the forenoon and an 

" in " certificate is issued, whether the licensed inspector would be requi red to 
issue an "out" certificate if the consignee desires to reconsign the car in the 
afternoon, and, in doing so, whether the licensed inspector would be required 
to resample and reinspect the car. 

Your attention is directed to the opinions of this department set forth in 
Service and Regulatory Announcements No. 17, in the second paragrapli on 
page 24, and in the item beginning at the bottom of page 29. From these you 
will note that there must be an inspection by a licensed inspector for each 
shipment of shelled corn which is sold, offered for sale, or consigned for sale 
by grade, and which moves in interstate or foreign commerce, as defined in the 
Act, from an inspection point or to an inspection point. According to the 
circumstances of the particular case, such inspection may be either at the point 
of shipment, at some convenient point en route, or at destination. 

If shelled corn be sold, offered for sale, or consigned for sale by grade and 
shipped in interstate or foreign commerce to an inspection point, without having 
been inspected prior thereto, it necessarily follows that the inspection by a 
licensed inspector must be made at the point of destination. On the other hand, 
if the corn be shipped from an inspection point and, after leaving the inspection 
point, does not go either through or to a point where there is a licensed 
inspector, the inspection must be obtained at the point of shipment. 

It might sometimes happen that the same car of shelled corn would, suc- 
cessively, make both of the movements described above, in which case the 
inspection point for both shipments would be the same place. 

Au interpretation of the Act different from that stated above would permit 
indefinitely, after a single inspection, successive shipments of a lot of shelled 
corn without further inspection as long as it could be identified as the same lot 
of corn, even though in the meantime, it had passed through a transfer house, 
or had remained on the tracks for a considerable length of time at a terminal 
or had even gone entirely out of condition. The effect of such an interpreta- 
tion should also be considered in the light of the conditions which exist during 
the germinating season and during periods of congestion and delay at terminals. 

If the particular case in question be of the kind 'described above and 

be the inspection point for both shipments, there must be an inspection 

for each shipment, evidenced, respectively, by an " in " and " out " certificate. 
This does not mean necessarily in such a case that the inspector shall resample 
the car for the purpose of issuing the " out " certificate. 

If the consignee of the first shipment knew at the time of its arrival that the 
corn was expected to move out on the afternoon of the same day in the second 
shipment, it would seem, as a matter of convenience to himself and the 
inspector, that he should ask for both inspections at the same time. In such 
a case, if the Act and the rules and regulations thereunder be otherwise com- 
plied with, the inspector could make one sampling of the car suffice for both 
inspections and certificates. 

For various reasons, however, it might not be practicable to ask for the 
" out " inspection certificate until after the " in " inspection certificate had been 
issued. Even then it does not follow that it would be necessary to resample 
the car. Some time must have elapsed between the sampling of the car and the 
issuance of the " in " inspection certificate. When it is proposed to move the 
grain out the same day, but little additional time will elapse before the " out " 
inspection certificate is desired. Ordinarily the inspector's responsibility would 
not be increased. It would seem, then, under most conditions in the case you 
present that he should be satisfied with the sampling already done and should 



Markets 20. ] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



31 



lame the "out" inspection certificate on the basis of the results already 
obtained without resampling. 

It is thought that for such cases the inspector might materially reduce the 
fee charged for the "out" certificate to an amount almost nominal, hut suffi- 
cient to cover the time and material required to issue the certiticate. 

It may he thai there would he times — for example, during the spring of the 
year or when there is otherwise likelihood of rapid deterioration — that the 
inspector would feel that there was an added risk that he would not care to 
assume. In that case he should resample the car. It is necessary that he 
exercise reasonable discretion in the light of the existing conditions. 
Very truly yours, 

Charles J. Brand, Chief. 

March 13, 1917. 

26. Requirements of Act do not apply to contracts made prior to date on which standards for 
grain involved become effective. Use of general term as substitute for grade name 
unnecessary. 

Oextlemen : Reference is made to your letter of July 5, in which you state 
that you are being Hooded with inquiries from a great many of your country 
Shippers asking how you could arrange to buy wheat from them on account of 
not having a licensed inspector; that a number have offered the suggestion 
that rhey would be willing to sell prime soft red milling wheat to test 58 
pounds per bushel ; and that it would be absolutely impossible to cope with the 
situation and have all grain officially inspected by a licensed inspector before 
handling. In this connection a letter without date has been received in which 
the writers state that several days before July 1 they sold a car of wheat for 
No. 2 red wheat and, since the car was not delivered before July 1, the question 
has come up regarding the grading of this wheat ; and that the purchaser, 
your firm, asked them to get in touch with this bureau to see whether it. would 
be satisfactory for them now to call the wheat prime milling wheat. They also 
ask under what grade they can offer wheat in the future, or if they can offer it 
under the name suggested. 

These letters indicate that there is a misunderstanding of what is required of 
shippers by the provisions of the Act. Section 4 of the Act reads as follows: 
******* 

It is the opinion of this bureau that the requirements of section 4 do not apply 
to contracts made prior to the date on which the standards for the grain in- 
volved in such contracts become effective. Therefore, as none of the standards 
for wheat became effective until July 1, 1917, if the delivery of the car of 
wheat mentioned in the letter referred to above was solely pursuant to, and in 
fulfillment of, a contract for such wheat entered into prior to July 1, 1917, that 
particular transaction is not subject to the Act. 

Moreover, section 4 does not in fact require that any grain for which stand- 
ards are in effect shall be inspected by licensed inspectors unless it is both (1) 
sold, offered for sale, or consigned for sale by grade, and (2) shipped either 
from or to a point at which a licensed inspector is located. 

Therefore, if the wheat be shipped from a point at which no licensed inspec- 
tor is located to , -— — .. at which point there is also no licensed inspector, 

the stopper is not required by the Act to have it inspected by a licensed inspec- 
tor, even though he has sold, offered for sale, or consigned for sale by grade. 
Furthermore, in such case, the shipper, if he so desires, may personally certify 
or guarantee the grade of the grain shipped by him without subjecting him- 
self to the inspection requirements of section 4. He may also, if he wishes, 



32 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



guarantee that wheat of the specified grade will meet certain particular require- 
ments, as, for instance, that it will have a test weight per bushel of 58 pounds. 

If, in the case of a shipment of wheat from a noninspection point to s. non- 
hispection point, the shipper has sold, offered for sale, or consigned for sale by 
grade, all that is required is that he shall use the grades of the official grain 
standards of the United States and make a simple report to . the Secretary of 
Agriculture within seven days in accordance with regulation 7 of the rules and 
regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture. 

Under the circumstances the use of any general term as a substitute for the 
proper grade designation, even if it were permitted by the law, would seem to 
be unnecessary. 

If the foregoing does not satisfactorily dispose of the question you have in 
mind and you wish a further reply on any particular point, this Bureau will be 
glad to consider the matter again. 
Very truly yours, 

Charles J. Bkand, Chief. 

August 11, 1917. 

27. Intrastate shipments not within terms of the Act. Question of inspection of cars switched 
across State lines. 

Deah Me. : Your letter under date of April 24 has been received. 

You asked to be advised as to whether the United States grain standards Act 
requires inspection of shelled corn when shipped in the manner which you cite 
in the following case. You state that — 

"A car of corn shipped from some point within the State of — : arrives 

at the market for the Elevator Co. The corn is inspected by a 

licensed inspector at [that city] and a certificate of grade thereof delivered to 

Mr. . He sells this grain to the Grain Co., who operate an 

elevator across the river in [another State]. At the time the 

sale is made the bill of lading is delivered by Mr. to the purchaser, who 

gives him a receipt for the same. The grain is then moved, without inspection, 

from the tracks in [the first State] to the purchaser's elevator in 

, [the second State]. This movement is by a switching order given 

by the Grain Co. for the purpose of unloading the grain into their 

elevator, but is not consigned for sale or offered for sale by them, and is merely 
switched from to to be placed in storage there. The ex- 

pense of this movement is borne by the purchaser, but the final settlement can 
not be made until after the grain has been unloaded.'' 

The shipment of a car of corn from some point in to [same 

State], pursuant to a sale by the shipper to a party in [the latter place]. 

provided that the movement takes place wholly within the State, constitutes an 
intrastate shipment and would not. therefore, come within the terms of the act. 

In view of the statement that the final settlement of the transaction between 

the Elevator Co. and the Grain Co. can not be made until after 

the grain is unloaded at , [the second State], it is not 

clearly understood what part, if any, the movement of the grain from 

to [the first to the second State] actually plays in the transac- 
tion. If the movement of the grain between those two points be made in com- 
pletion of its sale by grade by the Elevator Co. to the Grain Co., 

it appears that an inspection of the grain is required by the Act for the purpose 
of such interstate movement. On the other hand, if the shipment of the grain 
by the Grain Co. between and be made independ- 

ently of such sale, or of any sale, offer for sale, or consignment for sale by 
grade whatsoever and merely as a transfer of grain which the company already 



Markets 26.] SERVICE AND REGULATOBY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



33 



owns from the railroad yard in to its elevator Id , to be 

placed there in storage, it is believed that no inspection for the purpose of such 
shipment is required by the act. 
Very truly yours, 

Charles -J. Brand, Chief. 

May 17, 1017. 

28. Question of fees. 

Deab Sib; Reference is made to your letter of December 4, stating your rea- 
sons for the difference between tbe fee of 35 cents per car charged to members, 
and the fee of -Si per car" charged to nonmembers of your exchange, for inspec- 
tion services performed in your market. 

You state that you arc considering very seriously the advisability of increas- 
ing the inspection fees to members, as you feel that 35 cents per car is not 
sufficient to cover the cost under present regulations. It does not appear what 
relation the fee of :'»•"> cents bears to the actual cost of the service. 

You also state that members of the exchange are required to pay a consid- 
erable sum annually as dues, which, of course, are not required of nonmembers. 
It does not appear that any portion of these dues is used or required in making 
up any deficit between the cost of the inspection service and the receipts there- 
from. 

You further state that the cars shipped to members of the exchange are all 
assembled in regular inspection yards, which are visited regularly by your in- 
spectors, w hile shipments for nonmembers might be scattered, making it more 
inconvenient and expensive to secure inspection. You do not show to what ex- 
tent the latter condition exists, nor that nonmembers of the exchange do not 
in fact have their cars placed on the same inspection tracks. 

You state that members of the exchange are required to have all receipts in- 
spected without exception, while nonmembers request inspection only for par- 
ticular cars. and. as a result, that members often pay inspection fees not really 
necessary or desired, while nonmembers pay only for what they need. This 
would seem to be a burden imposed by your exchange on its members, which, 
so far as they are concerned, would seem to justify some relief with respect 
to the amount of the fees they are required to pay; just how much does not 
clearly appear. 

. The fee proposed to be charged to nonmembers is nearly three times that for 
services to members. Upon careful consideration of the statements contained 
in your letter, it does not now clearly appear that a difference as great as that 
indicated is justified by the circumstances. 

This bureau will be glad to consider any further facts you may desire to 
present or any readjustments in the rates, which, in your opinion, would be 
equitable both to members and nonmembers. 
Very truly yours, 

Charles J. Bkand, Chief \ 

Decembeb 8; 1016. 

29. Question of fees. 

Deab Sib: Careful consideration has been given in this bureau to the state- 
ments made in your Letters and to the views expressed by you and other mem- 
bers of your exchange informally in regard to the schedule of fees for inspection 
service performed by licensed inspectors employed by your exchange. 

It appears that during the period from January 1 to November 1. 191G, 
there were 11,368 cars of grain and other commodities inspected by your 
inspection department ; that the inspection charge per car during that period 



34 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



was 75 cents to members ; that all of these ears were inspected for members ; 
that in your opinion approximately one-half of These inspections were unneces- 
sary, because the transactions were based on the terms of other markets ; that 
the unnecessary inspections were made because of an informal rule that all 
cars handled by members must be inspected by the inspection department and 
the regular charge paid therefor ; that on the basis of the actual number of 
inspections made the average cost of the inspection service was approxiinately 
53 cents per car, while on the basis of the necessary inspections only the 
average cost of the inspection service would be approximately $1.06 per car; 
and that during the period mentioned the department was self-supporting. 

As above indicated, the figures submitted were based on conditions which 
existed prior to the passage of the United States grain standards Act. They 
do not take into consideration the changes that the enforcement of that Act 
may produce. You propose, however, to continue the charge of 75 cents per 
car to members and to make the charge to nonmembers $1.50 per car, with 
proportionately lower charges to members and to nonmembers for less than 
carload quantities. 

In accordance with your suggestion, the question has been considered par- 
ticularly from the standpoint of all grain inspected, without, reference to any 
for which standards may have been fixed and established under the Act. 

In view of the language of section 11 of regulation 2, it seems extremely 
doubtful, upon any survey of the facts presented, whether a charge of $1.50 
per car to nonmembers could be maintained as justifiable. Therefore, it is 
suggested that your committee reconsider the matter with the purpose of mak- 
ing the charge to nonmembers such that it will be more nearly equal to the 
charge to members and be clearly in harmony with the requirements of the 
regulations. 

The grain supervisor at- will be instructed to report to this 

bureau any additional facts which he may learn throwing any further light 
on the propriety of the schedule of fees in question. 
Very Truly yours, 

Chakles J. Brand, Chief. 

March 13. 1917. 

30. Question of fees. 

Dear Sir : Reference is made to your letter of March 31, 1917, in regard to 
discrepancies in your charges for inspection services rendered to various firms 
at . Ind. 

Your attention in this connection is directed to paragraph 1. section 11. of 
regulation 2 of the rules and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture under 
the United States grain standards Act, which reads, in part, as follows : 

" Each licensed inspector whose license remains unsuspended and unrevoked 
shall, without discrimination, as soon as practicable, and upon reasonable terms, 
inspect, grade, and certificate the grade of any grain of the kind mentioned in 
his license, the inspection and grading of which is required under the 
Act * * *." 

In your application for a license you stated that the fees to be charged for 
your services would be 35 cents per car when you are not required to make a 
moisture test, but that some times you used a moisture-testing machine belong- 
ing to the persons for whom the inspection was made. 

It also appears that, owing to the distance which you are required to go, 

it is more difficult to make inspections for some concerns at than 

others. 



Markots26.] SERVICE AXD REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



Furthermore, it seems that there has been some question raised as to the 
propriety of your charging as much for an "out" inspection as for an "in" 
inspection. 

As a result you have made charges which do not conform to the schedule 
filed by you and which differ in individual cases. 

Section 9 of regulation 2 of the rules and regulations under the Act reads 
as fallows : 

M Each licensed inspector shall immediately inform the grain supervisor of 
his district of any change in the point or points where he performs service as a 
licensed inspector, or in the nature of his duties, or in any suspension of his 
activities for such length of time as to impair the inspection facilities at any 
paint, and, except in case of a State grain inspector, of any change in the 
schedule of fees for services performed by him as a licensed inspector." 

No information or report of the kind contemplated by this regulation has 
been received at the office of Federal grain supervision at . 

While there may be .justification for the difference which you make between 
the fees for "in*' inspections and "out" inspections, and between the fees 
charged to various concerns on account of location, and for a difference in 
fees by reason of the fact that in some cases you use a moisture- testing ma- 
chine belonging to the person for whom the service is performed, it does not 
clearly appear that the fees you are actually charging are such in all cases 
th.it you would not be subject fco criticism on the ground that some of them 
were not reasonable or were discriminatory. 

You are therefore requested to consider the matter carefully, and to comply 
with section 0 of regulation 2 above mentioned by filing with the office of Fed- 
eral grain supervision at a schedule showing exactly what fees 

you propose to charge for each class of services which will be rendered by 
you i:i iho future. In doing so kindly state fully the facts upon which you base 
any Change from the schedule previously filed. 
Very truly yours, 

Charles J. Brand, Chief. 

April 13, 1917. 
31. Grain doors in cars. 

The following notice was issued to the press by the United States Depart- 
ment of Agriculture in an effort to facilitate the inspection of grain in cars : 

Washington, D. C. 

Many shippers, when preparing to load cars with grain, put in grain doors 
which reach to the top on one side and as near to the top as possible on the 
other side. This is necessary when cars are nearly full, as it prevents the leak- 
ing of grain over the doors, but many instances have been noted where the 
Utters are much higher than necessary. 

As a result of this practice, licensed inspectors, and employees of the United 
Slates Department of Agriculture engaged in the supervision of grain inspec- 
tion, frequently open the car door on the side that is entirely boarded up and 
are compelled to go to the other door. This consumes time and reduces the 
number of inspections that can be made in a given period; consequently, the 
cost of the service is increased. It also imposes additional risks on the inspec- 
tor, as he is frequently obliged to crawl under, or between cars in order to reach 
the other side of the car. 

In some cases, when the grain doors are higher than necessary, licensed in- 
spectors remove some of the boards. This also consumes time and, as inspectors 
are usually in u hurry to complete their work, sometimes more boards are re- 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



aioved. than necessary. As a result, in such ears which have been inspected, 
grain is sometimes found leaking over the grain doors. 

The attention of shippers is called to the provisions of paragraph 1 of sec- 
tion 11, and section 12 of regulation 2, of the rules and regulations of the Sec- 
retary of Agriculture under the United States grain standards Act. which read 
as follows : 

'• Sec. 11. Paragraph 1. Each licensed inspector whose license remains un- 
suspended and unrevoked shall, without discrimination, as soon as practicable, 
and upon reasonable terms, inspect, grade, and certificate the grade of any 
grain of the kind mentioned in his license, the inspection and grading of which 
is required under the Act, if such grain be offered during customary business 
hours for such inspection and grading under conditions which permit the taking 
of a representative sample or samples and the determination of the true grade 
of the grain. 

" Sec 12. No licensed inspector shall issue a certificate of grade for any grain 
unless the inspection and grading thereof be based upon a correct and repre- 
sentative sample of the grain, and be made under conditions which permit the 
determination of its true grade. In case the conditions are such as not to 
assure the determination of the true grade, a licensed inspector may, in advance 
of such determination and of the issuance of the certificate of grade, furnish to 
the person for whom the service is performed information in writing, or other- 
wise, showing the grade then assigned by him and expressly reciting the condi- 
tions which make uncertain the determination of the true grade." 

It is possible that, in accordance with these provisions, a licensed inspector 
would be justified in refusing to inspect a car in which the grain doors were 
so . high that he could not enter, on the ground that the grain was not offered 
for inspection and grading under conditions which permit the taking of a 
correct and representative _ sample. If he did so, and was justified in his 
refusal, it would then be necessary for the shippers to incur the expense of 
having the doors placed in proper condition or the grain made accessible other- 
wise. If the shipper did not do this, and the car was not inspected, the shipper 
might be subject to criminal prosecution in accordance with the provisions of 
section 4 and section 9 of the Act. 

It is suggested, (1) that shippers of grain follow the suggestions as to the 
loading of their grain contained in the poster. " Get high grades for your corn," 
recently issued by the Department of Agriculture; (2) that they level the grain 
in the cars, being careful in all instances to build the doors high enough to 
prevent grain leaking over the doors; and (3) that they do not build the 
doors higher than necessary to prevent such leakage. It is believed that if 
these suggestions are followed, the work of licensed inspectors and those 
engaged in the supervision of the inspection of grain will be facilitated, the cost 
of inspection will be somewhat reduced, and the danger of leakage, due to the 
removal of upper parts of doors by licensed inspectors, will be avoided. 



WASHINGTON : GOVERN MEAT PBINTING OFFICE : 1917 




SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

No. 27. 



NOTICE OF HEARINGS ON PROPOSED RULES AND REGULATIONS 
OF THE SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE UNDER THE UNITED 
STATES WAREHOUSE ACT OF AUGUST 11, 1916. 

Commencing at 10 o'clock in the forenoon of October 31, 1917, 
final hearings will be held in room 701 of the building at 1358 B 
Street SW., in the city of Washington, upon proposed rules and 
regulations to be issued by the Secretary of Agriculture under the 
United States warehouse act. 

Preliminary to the final hearing at Washington, hearings presided 
over by the Chief of the Bureau of Markets, or some representative 
of that bureau, will be held as follows: 

October 12, at 9.30 o'clock a. m., Yarborough Hotel, Raleigh N. C. 

October 13, at 9.30 o'clock a. m., Jefferson Hotel, Columbia, S. C. 

October 15, at 9.30 o'clock a. m., Savannah Hotel, Savannah, Ga. 

October 10, at 9.30 o'clock a. m., Ansley Hotel, Atlanta, Ga. 

October 17, at 9.30 o'clock a. m., Tutwiler Hotel, Birmingham, Ala. 

October 18. at 9.30 o'clock a. m., Board of Trade, Jackson, Miss. 

October 19, at 9.30 o'clock a. m., Grunewald Hotel, New Orleans, 
La. 

October "20, at 9.30 o'clock a. m.. Rice Hotel. Houston, Tex. 
October 22, at 9.30 o'clock a. m., Chamber of Commerce, Austin, 
Tex. 

October 23. at 9.30 o'clock a. m., Adolphus Hotel, Dallas, Tex. 
October 24, at 9.30 o'clock a. m., Lee-Huckins Hotel, Oklahoma 
C ity. Okla. 

October 26, at 9.30 o'clock a. m., New Capita] Hotel, Little Rock, 
Ark. 

October 27, at 9.30 o'clock a. m., Chisca Hotel, Memphis, Tenn. 

10339°— 17 1 



4 



2 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



A draft of the proposed regulations, submitted as a basis for dis- 
cussion, and a copy of the statute, are annexed. 

Producers of cotton, merchants, manufacturers, bankers, members 
of exchanges, warehousemen, carriers, and other persons interested 
are invited to be present at any of these hearings. Opportunity for 
oral discussion will be afforded to as many as practicable. Written 
communications from those not attending will be considered and 
should be sent to the Chief of the Bureau of Markets, Department of 
Agriculture, Washington, D. C. It is requested that arguments, 
suggestions, and criticisms be brief and definite, and refer specifically 
to particular sections of the regulations. 

D. F. Houston, 
Secretary of Agriculture. 



PROPOSED RULES AND REGULATIONS OF THE SECRETARY OF 
AGRICULTURE FOR COTTON WAREHOUSES UNDER THE UNITED 
STATES WAREHOUSE ACT. 

[These tentative rules and regulations are proposed for discussion and are not final.] 

Regulation 1. Definitions. 

Section 1. Words used in these regulations in the 
singular form shall be deemed' to import the plural, 
and vice versa, as the case may demand. 

Sec. 2. For the purposes of these regulations, unless 
the context otherwise require, the following terms shall 
be construed, respectively, to mean — 

Paragraph 1. The Act. — Part C, known as the 
United States warehouse Act, of an act of Congress en- 
titled "An Act making appropriations for the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture for the fiscal year ending June 
30, 1917, and for other purposes," approved August 
11, 1916. (39 U. S. Stat. L., pp. 116, 486.) 

Paragraph 2. Person. — An individual, corporation, 
or partnership, or two or more persons having a joint 
or common interest. 

Paragraph 3. Secretary. — The Secretary of Agri- 
culture of the United States. 

Paragraph 4- Regulations. — Rules and regulations 
made under the Act by the Secretary. 



Markets 27.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

Paragraph 5. Chief of the Bukeau of Markets. — 
The Chief of the Bureau of Markets of the United 
States Department of Agriculture. 

Paragraph 6. Warehouse.-— Any building, structure, 
or other protected inclosure in which cotton is or may 
be stored for interstate or foreign commerce, or, if 
located within any place under the exclusive jurisdic- 
tion of the United States, in which cotton is or may 
be stored. 

Paragraph 7, Warehouseman. — A person lawfully 
engaged in the business of storing cotton. 

Paragraph 8. License. — A license issued under the 
act by the Secretary. 

Paragraph 9. Licensed warehouseman. — A ware- 
houseman licensed as such under the xlct. 

Paragraph 10. Licensed warehouse. — A warehouse 
for the conduct of which a license has been issued. 

Paragraph 11. Licensed warehouseman's bond. — A 
bond required to be given under the act by a licensed 
warehouseman. 

Paragraph 12. Licensed classifier. — A person li- 
censed under the Act by the Secretary to classify ac- 
cording to grade or otherwise and certificate the grade 
or other class of cotton stored or to be stored in a 
licensed warehouse. 

Paragraph 13. Licensed weigher. — A person licensed 
under the Act by the Secretary to weigh and certificate 
the weight of cotton stored or to be stored in a licensed 
warehouse. 

Paragraph 1\. Receipt. — A warehouse receipt. 
Paragraph 15. State. — A State, Territory, or District 
of the United States. 

Regulation 2. Classification of Licensed Warehouses. 

Section 1. Licensed warehouses shall be divided into 
four classes, designated as A, B, C, and D, respectively. 

Sec. 2. Paragraph 1 A " Class A" licensed, ware- 
house shall be any licensed warehouse which, upon a 



4 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R, A., 



finding that it meets the requirements specified in para- 
graphs 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 of section 3 of this regulation, 
shall be designated by the Secretary as a " Class A" 
licensed warehouse. 

Paragraph 2 A. " Class B " licensed warehouse shall 
be any licensed warehouse which, upon a finding that it 
does not meet all the requirements of any one only, but 
does meet all the requirements of four of the para- 
graphs of section 3 of this regulation, shall be designated 
by the Secretary as a " Class B * ? licensed warehouse. 

Paragraph 3 A. Class C " licensed warehouse shall 
be any licensed warehouse which, upon a finding that it 
does not meet all the requirements of any two, but does 
meet all the requirements of three of the paragraphs of 
section 3 of this regulation, shall be designated by the 
Secretary as a " Class C " licensed warehouse. 

Paragraph 4 A. " Class D " licensed warehouse shall 
be any licensed warehouse which, upon a finding that it 
dees not meet all the requirements of any three or more 
paragraphs of section 3 of this regulation, shall be des- 
ignated by the Secretary as a " Class D " licensed ware- 
house. 

Sec. 3. For the purposes of section 2 of this regula- 
tion, licensed warehouses shall be classified upon the 
basis of the requirements of the paragraphs 1. 2, 3, 4, 
and 5 of this section. 

Paragraph 1. The licensed warehouseman shall have 
unincumbered assets, free from all exemptions and 
liable for the payment of any indebtedness arising from 
the conduct of the licensed warehouse, to the extent of at 
least $5 per bale of the maximum cotton storage ca- 
pacity as determined by the Chief of the Bureau of 
Markets, but in no case less than $5,000. in excess of all 
liabilities of the licensed warehouseman. For the pur- 
pose of meeting the requirements of this paragraph, a 
deficiency in assets may be supplied by an increase in 
the amount of the licensed warehouseman's bond by 
the amount of the deficiency. 



Maikets27.] SEBVICE A.\D REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



5 



Paragraph The licensed warehouseman shall 
guarantee that, at the time of delivery to the holder of 
a negotiable receipt, the cotton for which such receipt 
was issued, in which receipt it does not appear that the 
cotton is of a quality or condition specified in section 2 
of regulation 9, is (a) within 2 per centum of the weight 
slated in the receipt, (7>) not more than one grade above 
or below the grade stated in the receipt, (<?) not more 
than ^ of an inch in length of staple greater or less 
than the length of staple, if any, stated in the receipt, 
and (<f) not reduced in value, by reason of the presence 
of extraneous matter of any character or irregularities 
or defects, more than one grade below the grade stated 
in the receipt. For the purpose of such guarantee, the 
weight stated in such receipt shall be determined by a 
licensed weigher and the length of staple, if stated, and 
the grade stated in such receipt shall be determined by 
a licensed classifier, in accordance with the act and the 
regulations, and such licensed weigher and licensed 
classifier shall give bond as prescribed in regulation 4. 

Paragraph 3. The licensed warehouse shall be of the 
kind of construction specified in subdivisions (a) or (b) 
of this paragraph. 

Subdivision (a). The exterior walls shall be of 
brick, reinforced or plain concrete or other fire-resistive 
material, not including hollow concrete or tile blocks, 
corrugated iron, and other sheet metal. In single-story 
buildings, the exterior walls, when constructed of brick, 
plain concrete, or squared stone with dressed level beds, 
shall be not less than 12 inches in thickness; the exterior 
walls, when of rubble construction, shall be not less than 
16 inches in thickness, rubble construction, either in 
whole or in part, to be allowed only when durable stone 
is used : and the exterior walls, when constructed of re- 
inforced concrete, shall be reinforced to an extent not 
less than one-fifth of 1 per centum of the cross sectional 
area of such walls, and shall be not less than 8 inches in 
thickness. Division firewalls may be constructed of any 



3 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



of the materials permitted under this paragraph for ex- 
terior walls, and. in single-story buildings, shall be not 
less than 16 inches in thickness, except when constructed 
of reinforced concrete as herein specified for exterior 
walls, in which case such walls shall be not less than 12 
inches in thickness. 

All stone walls shall be properly bonded every 2 feet 
in height and every 3 feet in length with staggered 
headers, which shall be durable, flat stones, not less than 
12 inches w T ide and 8 inches thick. The walls of the top 
story of any warehouse having more than one story shall 
meet the requirements applicable to a warehouse having 
a single story only. The walls of each succeeding lower 
story of any such warehouse shall be 4 inches thicker 
than those of the story immediately above it, and shall 
otherwise meet the requirements applicable to the walls 
of a warehouse having a single story only. All division 
fire walls shall extend to the level of the surface of the 
roof. The roof covering shall be of noncombustible ma- 
terial, such as concrete, tile, slate, or the highest grade 
of tin, asbestos, or composition roofing, in accordance 
with the specifications of the building code hereinafter 
mentioned. All girders, posts, and other structural 
members shall be of fire-resistive material, and, if of 
metal, shall be fireproofed in accordance with the speci- 
fications of the building code recommended for ware- 
houses by the Xational Board of Fire Underwriters, 
fourth edition, 1915. All roof or floor supporting mem- 
bers shall rest on ledges or metal wall plates so that 
they will be self -releasing. Floors may be of earth, 
brick, concrete, or other noncombustible material. The 
exterior walls of each compartment shall have not less 
than one opening, at least 10 feet wide, or not less than 
two openings, each of which shall be at least 6 feet wide. 

If any exterior wall of any compartment shall be 
more than 40 feet in length, there shall be, for each addi- 
tional 40 feet of exterior wall length, or major fraction 
thereof, at least one additional 10-foot opening, or at 



27.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

least two additional G-'i'ooi openings; or, for each minor 
fraction of said additional 40 feet of said exterior wall 
length at least one additional G-foot opening. All such 
openings shall be at least G feet high. An end wall 
which forms an exterior wall of a compartment shall not 
be deemed to be an exterior wall of such compartment 
for the purpose of computing the number and sizes of 
the openings hereinbefore specified. If the warehouse 
be exposed to any other fire risk within 100 feet, includ- 
ing a passing locomotive, all such openings in exterior 
walls shall be equipped with fireproof doors in accord- 
ance with the specifications of the building code herein- 
before mentioned. All openings in division fire walls 
shall be equipped with automatic fireproof doors in 
accordance with said building code. All parts of the 
warehouse utilized for purposes other than the storage 
of cotton shall be cut off from the cotton-storage space 
by division fire walls of the kind described in this sub- 
division. For the purposes of this section, the term 
"reinforced concrete" shall be deemed to mean a con- 
crete mixture hereinafter specified, reinforced by steel 
of any shape, the concrete and the steel being so com- 
bined that the steel will take up tensional stresses, and 
assist in the resistance to shear. All concrete utilized 
in the construction of the warehouses shall consist of 
such proportions of Portland cement and clean graded 
aggregate as will conform to the requirements recom- 
mended for warehouses by the building code hereinbe- 
fore mentioned. In all respects, other than those de- 
scribed in this subdivision or in subdivision (b) of this 
paragraph, the form of construction shall be such as, in 
the opinion of the Secretary, is fire resistive or slow 
burning. 

Su J, division (b). Any or all of the forms of con- 
struction described in this subdivision may be substi- 
tuted for the corresponding requirements of subdivision 
(a) of -this paragraph, but in no case shall any material 
other than wood be substituted for fire-resistive mate- 



'8 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



rial. If the warehouse be not exposed to any other fire 
risk, within 100 feet, including a passing locomotive, 
board end walls may be used. In such case, the exterior 
openings may be equipped with wooden doors, and all 
division fire walls shall be continuous from the founda- 
tion to 3 feet above the level of the surface of the 
roof, and shall be capped with durable coping. Divi- 
sion fire walls between compartments having board end 
walls, in addition to being properly parapeted, shall 
have either (1) a horizontal extension of not less than 
3 feet beyond the end walls of such compartment, or 
(2) two horizontal extensions of not less than 3 feet 
each in length, one at each side, and at right angles to 
the end of the division fire wall and covering, or taking 
the place of, the adjoining end walls of the compart- 
ment, the division fire Avail and the two extensions 
thereof, thus constructed, taking the form of a letter 
" T," and, when thus constructed, the extensions shall 
conform to the requirements for exterior walls con- 
tained in subdivision (a) of this paragraph. 

Division fire walls shall extend to the outer edge of 
abutting exterior loading platforms and from the 
ground to the level of the surface of the platform floor. 
.Wooden supporting posts, each having a sectional area 
of not less than 64 square inches and wooden girders or 
joists, each having a sectional area of not less than 32 
square inches, may be used in the construction of the 
warehouse; but posts, each having a sectional area of 
not less than 36 square inches, combined with open 
joist construction, may be allowed as a substitute in the 
discretion of the Secretary. Wooden roofs, having a 
thickness of not less than 1J inches in a single layer, 
may be used. Wooden floors, having a thickness of not 
less than 3J inches in not more than two la}^ers, may 
be used. 

Paragraph 4- The warehouse shall be equipped with 
an overhead automatic sprinkler system so constructed 
and installed as to protect the entire floor area. In case 
the dry pipe system is not used the wet pipe system may 



Markets 27. 1 SEBVICE AXD REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



9 



be used when proper precautions are taken to prevent 
freezing. There shall be not less than one sprinkler 
head for each 100 square feet of floor space. The melt- 
ing point of the fusible connection shall be not more 
than 1G5° F. The source of water supply shall be one 
or more of the following: (1) Connections with a city 
main of size sufficient to give, in the highest line of 
sprinklers, at least 25 pounds static pressure and able to 
maintain 10 pounds pressure with the water flowing 
through 25 per centum of the number of sprinklers in any 
compartment; (2) gravity or pressure tanks which shall 
contain a quantity of water sufficient to supply 25 per 
centum of the number of sprinklers in any compartment, 
for 20 minues, with an average discharge of 20 gallons 
per minute per sprinker, and, when a gravity tank is 
used, the bottom of the tank shall not be less than 20 
feet above the highest sprinkler it supplies; (3) fire 
pumps which shall have a total capacity sufficient to 
supply l!.~> per centum of the number of sprinklers in any 
compartment with an average discharge of 20 gallons 
per minute per sprinkler, the pumps to have an adequate 
source of power and supply of water, and, when such 
power is derived from steam, the supply shall be con- 
stantly maintained. There shall be provided an outside 
screw and yoke gate valve so located as to be readily 
accessible and to control all sources of water supply, 
except that from steamer connections. 

Paragraph J. The gross capacity of any one com- 
partment shall not exceed 72,000 cubic feet and not 
more than 1,000 uncompressed, or 2,000 compressed, 
bales of cotton may be stored in any one compartment. 
There shall be not less than 6 fire casks and 12 fire pails 
for each compartment. The casks shall be kept full of 
water at all times and at least 2 casks and 4 pails shall 
be placed inside each door of each compartment. There 
shall be a water supply available through mains of suffi- 
cient size, and the use of a gravity, an intermittent 
pumping to standpipe, or a direct pumping system, 
that will maintain for each 3 compartments or frac- 
16539°— 17 2 



10 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



tions thereof the pressure necessary to throw one stream 
of water over the highest structure through one 100- 
foot length of 2J-inch hose having a 1^-inch nozzle play- 
pipe. For each 3 compartments or fraction thereof 
there shall be not less than one standard two or three 
w&y hydrant located outside the warehouse so that the 
streams of water therefrom can be brought to bear on 
any part of such compartments through not over 100 
feet of fire hose. Hose connection threads shall corre- 
spond to city fire hose threads where such exist. Not 
less than 100 feet of at least 2^-inch rubber-lined fire 
hose equipped with a 1^-inch nozzle playpipe shall 
be attached to each hydrant. Wrenches shall also be 
attached to all hydrants. When electricity is used for 
lighting all switch boxes shall be inclosed and shall 
be thoroughly fireproof and all wiring shall be inclosed 
in metal conduits. 

Sec. 4. The Secretary may. at any time, change the 
class designation of a licensed warehouse theretofore 
made pursuant, to this regulation, but no such change 
shall be made otherwise than in accordance with the 
written request or consent of the licensed warehouse- 
man, except after an opportunity for a hearing pursuant 
to this section has been afforded to such licensed ware- 
houseman. In case a licensed warehouseman shall make 
application showing probable cause for a change in 
such designation, but the Secretary shall be of opinion 
that no change should be made without a hearing, notice 
thereof shall be given to such licensed warehouseman 
and, if he so requests, an opportunity for such hearing 
shall be afforded. In every case when a hearing may 
be had under this section the licensed warehouseman 
shall be allowed a reasonable time, fixed by the Secre- 
tary or by any official of the Department of Agriculture 
designated by him for the purpose, within which such 
licensed warehouseman may submit affidavits and other 
proper evidence and, if requested by him within such 
time, an oral hearing, of which reasonable notice shall 



AfeEkets 27.] SERVICE AND EEGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

bo given, shall be held before, and at a time and place 
fixed by. the Secretary or an official of the Department 
of Agriculture designated by him for the purpose. The 
tost imony of witnesses at such oral hearing shall be upon 
oath or affirmation administered by the official before 
whom the hearing is held, when required by him. Such 
oral bearing may be adjourned by him from time to 
time. Copies of all papers and evidence submitted or 
considered concerning such change shall be made a part 
of the records of the Department of Agriculture. The 
records and, when there has been an oral hearing other 
than by the Secretary, the recommendation of the official 
holding such oral hearing shall be transmitted to the 
Secretary for his consideration. No change in class 
designation made under this section shall become effec- 
tive until a date specified in a notice thereof given to 
the licensed warehouseman concerned. 

Regulation 3. Warehouse Licenses. 

Section 1. Applications for licenses under sections 4 
and 9 of the act shall be made to the Secretary upon 
forms prescribed for the purpose and furnished by the 
Chief of the Bureau of Markets. 

Sec. 2. Each such application shall be in English, 
diall be signed by the applicant, and shall be verified 
by him under oath or affirmation administered by a 
duly authorized officer. 

Sec. 3. Each such application shall embody within 
its written or printed terms (a) that the applicant, 
as a condition to the granting of the license, agrees to 
comply with and abide by all the terms of the act and 
the regulations so far as the same relate to him; (h) 
whether the applicant is an individual, partnership, 
association, or corporation and, if not an individual, 
detailed information in regard to the form and nature 
of the organization: (c) the nature of the applicant's 
interest in the warehouse; (d) a detailed statement of 
the applicant's assets and liabilities; (c) the location, 



12 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



form of construction, capacity, and volume of business 
of the warehouse; (/) a schedule of the charges to be 
made by the applicant if licensed; (g) a statement 
showing what, if any, requirements of section 3 of 
regulation 2 the applicant does not expect to meet; 
and (A) such other information as may be called for in 
the forms mentioned in section 1 of this regulation. 

Sec. 4. There shall accompany each such application, 
on forms prescribed for the purpose and furnished by 
the Chief of the Bureau of Markets, (a) a detailed state- 
ment by the manager, superintendent, or other person 
having the immediate charge of the operation of the 
warehouse, showing his experience and qualifications for 
the duties of his position; (b) statements from two or 
more reliable insurance companies, authorized to do 
business in the State in which the warehouse is located, 
or their agents, that the warehouse for which a license 
is desired is a structure acceptable for fire insurance 
purposes, showing its classification for such purposes, 
and the rate of insurance premium for both contents 
and structure; and (c) a statement from a bonding com- 
pany, subject to service of process in suits on bonds 
executed by it in the State in which the warehouse is 
located, that it is willing to act as surety on the bond of 
the applicant in accordance with the act and the regu- 
lations. 

Sec. 5. The applicant shall furnish such additional 
information as the Secretary or the Chief of the Bureau 
of Markets shall find to be necessary to the considera- 
tion of his application by the Secretary. 

Sec. 6. Each application for a renewal or extension of 
a license under section 5 of the act shall be made to the 
Secretary, upon a form prescribed for the purpose and 
furnished by the Chief of the Bureau of Markets, shall 
be in English, shall be signed by the applicant, and 
shall be filed with the Secretary not less than 30 days 
nor more than 60 days before the date of the termination 
of the license or of any renewal or extension thereof, 
.then in effect, as the case may be. 



27.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

Sec. 7. Immediately upon receipt of the license or of 
any extension or renewal thereof under the Act, the 
licensed warehouseman shall post the same, and there- 
after, except as provided in these regulations, keep it 
posted until the date of its expiration, in a conspicuous 
place in the office where receipts issued by such licensed 
warehouseman are delivered to depositors. 

Sec. 8. Pending investigation, the Secretary, when- 
ever he deems necessary, may suspend a warehouse- 
man's license temporarily without hearing. Upon a 
written request and a satisfactory statement of reasons 
therefor, submitted by a licensed warehouseman, the 
Secretary may, without hearing, suspend or cancel the 
license issued to such licensed warehouseman. The Sec- 
retary may, after opportunity for hearing when possible 
has been afforded in the manner prescribed in this sec- 
tion, suspend or cancel a license issued to a licensed 
warehouseman when such licensed warehouseman (a) 
has died; (b) is non compos mentis; (c) is bankrupt 
or insolvent; (d) has parted, in whole or in part, with 
his control over the licensed warehouse; (e) is in process 
of dissolution or has been dissolved; (/) has ceased to 
conduct such licensed warehouse; or (g) has in any 
other manner become nonexistent or is incompetent or in- 
capacitated to conduct the business of the licensed ware- 
house. In all cases, before a license is suspended, revoked, 
or canceled for any violation of or failure to comply with 
any provision of the Act or of the regulations or upon 
the ground that unreasonable or exorbitant charges have 
been made for services rendered, the licensed warehouse- 
man involved shall be furnished by the Secretary, or 
by any official of the Department of Agriculture desig- 
nated for the purpose, a written statement specifying 
the charges and shall be allowed a reasonable time 
within which he may answer the same in writing and 
submit affidavits and other proper evidence. If re- 
quested by such licensed warehouseman, within the time 
allowed for answering, an oral hearing, of which rea- 



14 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



sonable notice shall be given, shall be held before, and 
at a time and place fixed by, the Secretary, or an official 
of the Department of Agriculture designated by him for 
the purpose. The testimony of witnesses at such hearing 
shall be upon oath or affirmation administered by the 
official before whom the hearing is held, when required 
by him. Such hearing may be adjourned by him from 
tune to time. A copy of the charges, the answer thereto, 
copies of all notices given, and all the evidence shall be 
made a part of the records of the Department of Agri- 
culture, The records and, when there has been an oral 
hearing other than by the Secretary, the recommenda- 
tion of the official holding the same, shall be transmitted 
to the Secretary for his consideration. 

Sec. 9. In case a license issued to a licensed ware- 
houseman is suspended, revoked, or canceled by the 
Secretary, such license shall be returned to the Secre- 
tary. At the expiration of any period of suspension of 
such license, unless it is in the meantime revoked or 
canceled, the dates of the beginning and termination 
of the suspension shall be indorsed thereon and it shall 
be returned to the licensed warehouseman to whom it 
was originally issued and shall be posted as prescribed 
in section 7 of this regulation. 

Sec. 10. Upon satisfactory proof of the loss or de- 
struction of a license issued to a licensed warehouseman, 
a duplicate thereof may be issued under the same or a 
new number at the discretion of the Secretary. 

Sec. 11. No warehouse shall be designated as licensed 
under the Act and no name or description conveying the 
impression that it is so licensed shall be used, either in a 
receipt or otherwise, during the period of suspension, 
or on or after the effective date of the revocation or can- 
cellation, of a license for the conduct of such warehouse, 

Regulation 4. Bonds. 

Section 1. When notice has been given by the Secre- 
tary to a warehouseman that his application under 
regulation 3 for a license will be granted upon compli- 



Maikets27.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

ance by such warehouse man with the act, the ware- 
houseman shall, within a time fixed by the Secretary 
in such notice, file with the Secretary a bond complying 
with the act and covering all obligations arising there- 
under during the period of the license and, in addition, 
if the warehouseman so desire, during the period of 
any renewal or extension thereof. 

Sec. 2. Paragraph 1. The amount of such bond shall 
be fixed at the rate of ($5 to $25) per bale of the maxi- 
mum cotton-storage capacity of the warehouse as de- 
termined by the Chief of the Bureau of Markets for 
which such bond is required, but not less than ($5,000 
to $50,000) nor more than ($50,000 to $250,000), exclu- 
sive of any amount which may be added in accordance 
with paragraphs 2, 3, and 4 of this section. 

Paragraph 2. In case the warehouseman desires to 
supply a deficiency in assets under paragraph 1 of sec- 
tion 3 of regulation 2, there shall be added to the 
amount fixed in accordance with paragraph 1 of this 
section the amount of such deficiency. 

Paragraph 3. In case the warehouseman will act as 
a licensed classifier for the purpose of paragraph 2 of 
section 3 of regulation 2, there shall be added to the 
amount fixed in accordance with paragraph 1 of this sec- 
tion, an amount fixed at the rate of $1 per bale of the 
maximum cotton-storage capacity determined in accord- 
ance with paragraph 1 of this section, but not less than 
$1,000 nor more than $10,000. 

Paragraph J + . In case the warehouseman will act as 
a licensed weigher for the purpose of paragraph 2 of 
section 3 of regulation 2, there shall be added to the 
amount fixed in accordance with paragraph 1 of this 
section the amount of $1,000. 

* Sec. 3. In case a licensed warehouseman is not a 
licensed classifier, such licensed warehouseman shall, if 
he desire to meet the requirements of paragraph 2 of 
section 3 of regulation 2, obtain from the licensed 
classifier a bond in an amount fixed in accordance with 
paragraph 3 of section 2 of this regulation, conditioned 



16 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



to secure the licensed warehouseman against any loss 
suffered by him through a breach of his guaranty under 
said paragraph 2 of section 3 of regulation 2, caused by 
the failure of such licensed classifier faithfully to per- 
form the duties imposed on him under the act and the 
regulations. The said bond shall have such surety or 
sureties, subject to service of process in suits on the bond 
within the State in which the warehouse is located, as 
shall be approved by the Secretary. 

Sec. 4. In case a licensed warehouseman is not a 
licensed weigher, such licensed warehouseman shall, if 
he desire to meet the requirements of paragraph 2 of 
section 3 of regulation 2, obtain from the licensed 
weigher a bond in the amount of $1,000, conditioned to 
secure the licensed warehouseman against any loss suf- 
fered by him through a breach of his guaranty under 
said paragraph 2 of section 3 of regulation 2, caused by 
the failure of such licensed weigher faithfully to per- 
form the duties imposed on him under the act and the 
regulations. The said bond shall have such surety or 
sureties, subject to service of process in suits on the bond 
within the State in which the warehouse is located, as 
shall be approved by the Secretary. 

Sec. 5. For the purposes of sections 3 and i of this 
regulation, in case the same person is both a licensed 
classifier and a licensed weigher, a single bond otherwise 
complying with said sections shall be sufficient. 

Sec 6. In case an application is made under section 
6 of regulation 3 for an extension or renewal of a license 
and no bond previously filed by the warehouseman 
under this regulation covers obligations arising during 
the period of such extension or renewal, the warehouse- 
man shall, when notice has been given by the Secretary 
that his application for such extension or renewal will 
be granted upon compliance by such warehouseman 
with the Act, file with the Secretary, within the time 
fixed in such notice, a bond complying with the act. 
Such bond shall cover all obligations arising under the 



Markets 27.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



17 



Act dining the period of the extension or renewal and, 
in addition, if the warehouseman so desire, during the 
period of any further renewal or extension, and shall 
otherwise comply with this regulation. 

Sec. 7. All bonds for the purposes of the Act and these 
regulations shall be executed on forms prescribed for the 
purpose by the Secretary and furnished by the Bureau 
of Markets. 

Regulation 5. Receipts. 

Section 1. Every receipt, whether negotiable or non- 
negotiable, issued for cotton stored in a license^ ware- 
house shall, in addition to complying with the require- 
ments of section 18 of the Act, embody within its written 
or printed terms the following: (1) The name of the 
licensed warehouseman and the designation, if any, of 
the warehouse, (2) the license number of the warehouse, 

(3) the date of expiration of the warehouse license, 

(4) the class of the warehouse, (5) a statement whether 
the warehouseman is incorporated or unincorporated, 
and, if incorporated, under what laws and the amount of 
the paid-in capital stock, (G) the number given to each 
bale of cotton in accordance with regulation C>, section 
5, (7) the amount of the warehouseman's bond, (8) a 
statement whether or not the cotton is under shelter, (9) 
a statement conspicuously placed, whether or not the 
cotton is insured and, if insured, to what extent by the 
warehouseman against loss by fire and lightning, (10) a 
blank space designated for the purpose in which the 
length of staple may be stated, and (11) that the holder 
of the receipt or the depositor of the cotton shall de- 
mand the delivery of the cotton not later than the ex- 
piration of one }^ear from the date of the receipt. 

Sec. 2. Every negotiable receipt issued for cotton 
stored in a licensed warehouse shall. 1n addition to com- 
plying with the requirements of section 1 of this regula- 
tion, embody within its written or printed terms the 
following: (1) A statement whether or not the cotton 
1G539°— 17 3 



18 



BUREAU OE MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



covered by such receipt was classified and weighed by 
a licensed classifier and weigher, and (2) an indorse- 
ment signed by the depositor, or his authorized agent, 
showing the ownership of, and all liens, mortgages, or 
other encumbrances on, the cotton covered by the re- 
ceipt, or, in case such statement is not made, the words 
" Statement of ownership and encumbrances not made 
by the depositor." 

Sec. 3. In addition to complying with the require- 
ments of sections 1 and 2 of this regulation, whenever 
the grade or other class of the cotton is stated in a re- 
ceipt, if the cotton is of a quality or condition specified 
in section 2 of regulation 9, such quality or condition 
shall be stated in the receipt, or, if the cotton is reduced 
in value, by reason of the presence of extraneous matter 
of any character or irregularities or defects, below its 
grade according to the official cotton standards of the 
United States, but is not of a quality or condition 
specified in section 2 of regulation 9, the grade to the 
value of which it is so reduced and the quality or con- 
dition which so reduces its value shall be stated in ad- 
dition to its grade according to the official cotton stand- 
ards of the United States. 

Sec. 4. If any copies of receipts are made, all such 
copies, except those issued in lieu of the original in case 
of lost or destroyed receipts, shall have clearly and con- 
spicuously printed or stamped thereon the words 
" Copy — iSot Negotiable." 

Sec. 5. Paragraph 1. In the case of a lost or de- 
stroyed receipt, if there be no statute of the United 
States or law of a State applicable thereto, a new 
receipt upon the same terms, subject to the same condi- 
tions, and bearing on its face the number and the date 
of the receipt in lieu of which it is issued, may be issued 
upon compliance with the conditions set out in para- 
graph 2 of this section. 

Paragraph 2. Before issuing such duplicate receipt 
the licensed warehouseman shall require the depositor 
or other person entitled to the possession of the receipt, 



Markets 27.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

who claims that the original receipt has been lost or 
destroyed, to make and fife with the warehouseman 
(a) an affidavit stating' that he is entitled to the pos- 
session of the original receipt and showing how the 
original receipt was lost or destroyed and, if lost, that 
diligent effort has been made to find the receipt without 
success, and (5) a bond in an amount double the value, 
at the time the bond is given, of the cotton represented 
by the lost or destroyed receipt. Such bond shall be 
on a form prescribed for the purpose by the secretary, 
shall be conditioned to indemnify the warehouseman 
against any loss sustained by reason of the issuance of 
such duplicate receipt and shall have as surety thereon 
(a) a surety company subject to service of process in a 
suit on the bond in the State in which the warehouse is 
located, or (ft) at least two individuals who are resi- 
dents of such State and each of whom owns real prop- 
erty therein having a value, in excess of all exemptions 
and encumbrances, to the extent of double the amount 
of the bond. 

Sec. 6. Every licensed warehouseman's receipt in 
which it is stated that the cotton received will be de- 
livered to the depositor only, or to a specified person 
only, shall have plainly placed upon its face by the 
warehouseman issuing it " Nonnegotiable 9 or " Not 
Negotiable." 

Sec. 7. Every licensed warehouseman's receipt in 
which it is stated that the cotton received will be de- 
livered to the bearer, or to the order of any person 
named in such receipt, shall have plainly placed upon 
its face by the warehouseman issuing it " Negotiable." 

Sec. 8. No receipt shall be issued under the Act until 
its form has been approved by the Chief of the Bureau 
of Markets. For this purpose the licensed warehouse- 
man shall submit two copies of the proposed form. 

Sec 9. No receipt shall be issued under the Act for 
any cotton not stored in the licensed warehouse, unless 
that fact be clearly stated in the receipt. 



20 BUREAU OF MARKETS. [S. R. A., 

Sec. 10. When a licensed warehouseman delivers a 
part only of a lot of cotton for which he has issued a 
receipt under the Act, he shall either take up and cancel 
such receipt and issue a new receipt in accordance with 
these regulations for the undelivered portion of the 
cotton, or shall have plainly placed upon the back of 
the receipt an acknowledgement of delivery signed by 
the person to whom the cotton was delivered, showing 
the date of delivery, and identifying the cotton in ac- 
cordance with regulations 6, section 5, and upon the 
face of the receipt a notation that partial delivery has 
been made in accordance with the indorsements thereon. 

Sec. 11. Except as permitted by lavr or by these 
regulations, no licensed warehouseman shall deliver 
cotton for which he has issued a negotiable receipt until 
the receipt has been returned to him. (Should this 
requirement apply to all receipts, whether negotiable 
or nonnegotiable '? ) 

Regulation 6. Duties of Licensed Warehousemen. 

Section 1. Every licensed warehouseman shall in- 
sure all cotton stored in his licensed warehouse against 
all loss by fire and lightning, unless the depositor re- 
quests in writing that his cotton be not so insured by 
the warehouseman. (It has been suggested that the ' 
warehouseman should be required to insure only upon 
written request to do so by the depositor.) 

Sec. 2. Every licensed warehouseman shall provide 
a metal fireproof safe, a fireproof vault, or a fireproof 
compartment in which he shall keep, when not in actual 
use, all records, books, and papers pertaining to the 
licensed warehouse, except that with the written consent 
of the Chief of the Bureau of Markets, upon a showing 
by such warehouseman that it is not practical to pro- 
vide such fireproof safe, vault, or compartment, he may 
keep such records, books, and papers in some other 
place, approved by the Chief of the Bureau of Markets, 
where they will be reasonably safe from theft and fire. 



MTarSTets 27.] SEBVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



Sec. 3. Xo licensed warehouseman shall make any 
unreasonable or exorbitant charges for services ren- 
dered. Before making any change in the schedule of 
charges mentioned in section 3 of regulation 3 he shall 
submit to the Chief of the Bureau of Markets a state- 
ment in writing showing the proposed change and the 
reasons therefor. Every licensed warehouseman shall 
keep exposed conspicuously in the place prescribed by 
Regulation 3, section 7, and at such other place, accessi- 
ble to the public, as the Chief of the Bureau of Markets 
may from time to time designate, a copy of his current 
schedule of charges. 

Sec. 4. Paragraph 1. Each licensed warehouse shall 
be kept open for the purpose of receiving cotton for 
storage and delivering cotton out of storage every busi- 
ness day for a period of not less than six hours between 
the hours of 8 a. m. and 6 p. m., except as provided in 
paragraph 2 of this section. The licensed warehouse- 
man shall keep conspicuously posted on the door of the 
public entrance to his office and to his licensed ware- 
house a notice showing the hours during which the ware- 
house will be kept open, except when such warehouse 
is kept open continuously from 8 a. m. to 6 p. m. 

Paragraph 2. Any licensed warehouse may, w T ith the 
approval of the Chief of the Bureau of Markets, be 
closed during such time of the year or on such days or 
portions thereof as may be designated in such approval. 
Immediately upon receipt of such approval, the licensed 
warehouseman shall post a notice of the closing of the 
warehouse, as prescribed in paragraph 1 of this section. 
In case the licensed warehouse is to be closed for one 
entire business day or more, pursuant to this paragraph, 
the licensed warehouseman shall, at least 10 days in 
advance of such closing, publish in the newspaper, if 
any, of largest circulation published in the county in 
which the warehouse is located, a notice of such closing. 
In such case, the notice posted as prescribed in para- 
graph 1 of this section and the notice, if any, published 



22 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



in a newspaper as prescribed in this paragraph shall 
state the period during which the warehouse is to be 
closed and the name of a person, with the address where 
he is to be found, who shall be authorized to deliver cot- 
ton stored in such warehouse, upon lawful demand by 
the depositor thereof or the holder of the receipt there- 
for, as the case may be. 

Sec. 5. Each licensed warehouseman shall, upon ac- 
ceptance of any bale of cotton for storage, immediately 
attach thereto a numbered tag of good quality which 
shall identify the bale. Such tag either shall be made 
of reasonably heavy waterproof paper or linen, with 
double reinforced eyelets, and be attached to the bale 
with a flexible wire, or shall be made of such other ma- 
terial and attached in such other manner as shall be 
approved by the Chief of the Bureau of Markets. The 
tags shall be attached in numerical sequence or any series 
of sequences clearly distinguishable from each other. 
(Should the use of a metal fireproof tag be required?) 

Sec. 6. Each licensed warehouseman shall use a system 
of accounts, approved for the purpose by the Chief of 
Bureau of Markets, which includes a record of every 
bale by the tag number mentioned in section 5 of this 
regulation, an accurate record of weights and -grades, 
a separate record for each depositor of his cotton, the 
location of all cotton stored in the warehouse, a record 
of all cotton received for and delivered out of storage, 
a record of all receipts issued and canceled, a detailed 
record of all moneys received and disbursed, and a de- 
tailed record of all insurance policies taken out and 
canceled. 

Sec. 7. Each licensed warehouseman shall make and, 
on or before the 5th day of each month, transmit to the 
Chief of the Bureau of Markets, on forms prescribed 
for the purpose and furnished by the Chief of the 
Bureau of Markets, a report for the preceding calendar 
month, showing his assets and liabilities on the last day 
of such month, and, for each warehouse for which he 



Markets 27.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



23 



holds a license, the number of bales of cotton on hand 
on the first and last day of each month, the number of 
bales of cotton received and withdrawn during the 
month, the insurance carried on such cotton, the receipts 
issued by, returned to, and canceled by him, any change 
in the construction or condition of the warehouse, any 
claims made upon him arising out of the operation of 
the warehouse, and such other facts as the Secretary 
may require. 

Sec. 8. Each licensed warehouseman shall also, within 
such reasonable time as may be prescribed for the pur- 
pose, make such supplemental or additional reports as 
may be required by the Chief of the Bureau of Mar- 
kets concerning the condition, contents, operation, and 
business of each warehouse for which he holds a license. 

Sec. 9. Each licensed warehouseman shall keep on 
file for a period of one year as a part of the records of 
the licensed warehouse an exact copy of each report 
thereof submitted by him under this regulation. 

Sec. 10. Each licensed warehouseman shall permit 
any officer or agent of the Department of Agriculture, 
authorized by the Secretary for the purpose, to enter 
and inspect or examine, on any business day during 
the usual hours of business, any licensed warehouse for 
the conduct of which he holds a license, the office 
thereof, the books, papers, records, and accounts relat- 
ing thereto, and the contents thereof, and such licensed 
warehouseman shall furnish such agent of the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture the assistance necessary to enable 
him to make any inspection or examination under this 
section. 

Sec. 11. Each licensed warehouseman shall keep his 
warehouse reasonably free of loose cotton, except in a 
separate space provided for it. 

Sec. 12. No licensed warehouseman shall store cotton 
in his warehouse, or in any compartment thereof, in 
excess of the amount determined by the Chief of the 
Bureau of Markets to be its maximum capacity. 



24 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



Sec. 13. Xo licensed warehouseman shall remove any- 
cotton for storage from a sheltered to an unsheltered 
part of the Hcensed warehouse or from one part of the 
warehouse to another part which removal would sub- 
stantially prejudice the insurance interests of the holder 
of the receipt therefor, without first obtaining the con- 
sent of the holder of the receipt for such cotton, which 
consent shall be written on such receipt. 

Sec. 14. Xo licensed warehouseman shall store any 
bale of cotton that is excessively wet in contact with 
any other bale of cotton in the licensed warehouse. Xo 
licensed warehouseman shall store in the same compart- 
ment with other cotton in the licensed warehouse any 
bale of cotton that has been damaged by fire until the 
risk of fire therein has passed and the fire-damaged 
cotton has been removed from the bale, and then not in 
contact with other cotton. 

Sec. 15. In case the floor of any part of a licensed 
warehouse is of earth, concrete, or brick, the licensed 
warehouseman .shall not store cotton in such part of the 
warehouse except in such manner by the use of dunnage, 
skids, stringers, timbers, or other material as will keep 
the cotton not less than 3 inches off such floor. 

Sec 16. Xo licensed warehouseman shall permit the 
picking or reconditioning of cotton within 100 feet of 
his licensed warehouse, or any compartment thereof, if 
such warehouse or compartment be of frame construc- 
tion. 

Regulation 7. Fees. 

Section 1. There shall be charged, assessed, and col- 
lected a fee of $2 for each warehouseman's license, and 
$1 for each renewal or extension of such license. 

Sec 2. There shall be charged, assessed, and collected 
for each original examination or inspection of a ware- 
house under the Act, when such examination or inspec- 
tion is made upon application of a warehouseman, a fee 
at the rate of $1 for each 1,000 bales of the maximum 
storage capacity, as determined by the Chief of the 



Markets 27.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



25 



Bureau of Markets, but in no case less than $5 nor more 
than $50, and, for each reexamination or reinspection 
applied for by such warehouseman, a fee, based on the 
extent of the reexamination or reinspection, propor- 
tioned to, but not greater than, that prescribed for the 
original examination or inspection. 

Sec. 3. Before any warehouseman's license or renewal 
or extension thereof is granted, or an original examina- 
tion or inspection, applied for by a warehouseman, is 
made, pursuant to these regulations, the warehouseman 
shall deposit with the Chief of the Bureau of Markets 
the amount of the fee prescribed therefor. Before any 
reexamination or reinspection, applied for by a ware- 
houseman, is made pursuant to these regulations, the 
warehouseman shall deposit with the Chief of the 
Bureau of Markets the amount of the fee prescribed for 
an original examination or inspection. Such deposit 
shall be made in the form of a certified check or post- 
office or express money order payable to the order of 
"Disbursing Clerk, Department of Agriculture." 

Sec. 4 The Disbursing Clerk of the United States De- 
partment of Agriculture shall hold in his custody each 
advance deposit made under this regulation until the 
fee, if any, is assessed and he is furnished by the Bureau 
of Markets with a statement showing the amount thereof 
and against whom assessed. Any part of such advance 
deposit which is not required for the payment of any 
fee assessed shall be returned to the party depositing the 
same. 

Regulation 8. Licensed Classifiers and Licensed Weighers. 

Section 1. Applications for licenses to classify or to 
weigh cotton under section 11 of the Act shall be made 
to the Chief of the Bureau of Markets on forms fur- 
nished for the purpose by him. 

Sec. 2. Each such application shall be in English, 
shall be signed by the applicant, and shall contain or be 
accompanied by (a) satisfactory evidence that he has 



26 BUREAU OF MARKETS. [S. R. 

passed his twenty-first birthday: (b) the name and 
location of a warehouse or warehouses licensed, or for 
which application for license has been made, under the 
Act in which cotton sought to be classified or weighed 
under such license is or may be stored, (•<?) a statement 
from the warehouseman conducting such warehouse 
showing whether or not the applicant is competent and 
is acceptable to such warehouseman for the purpose, 
(d) satisfactory evidence that he has had at least one 
year's experience, or the equivalent of such experience, 
in the actual classification or weighing of cotton, as the 
case may be, and that he is competent to classify or to 
weigh cotton, (e) a statement by the applicant that he 
agrees to comply with and abide by the terms of the Act 
and these regulations so far as the same relate to him, 
and (/) such other information as the Chief of the 
Bureau of Markets may deem necessary. 

Sec. 3. Each application for a license as a classifier 
shall, in addition to complying with the requirements 
of sections 1 and 2 of this regulation, contain or be ac- 
companied by a statement of the nature and extent 
of the classifying of cotton done by the applicant and 
the length of time during which he has classified cot- 
ton and by satisfactory evidence that he will be pro- 
vided with or have access to a set of practical forms 
of the official cotton standards of the United States, 
or such parts thereof as the Chief of the Bureau of 
Markets shall deem necessary for use in the locality 
in which the applicant expects to perform services as a 
licensed classifier. 

Sec. 4. Each application for a license as a weigher 
shall, in addition to complying with the requirements . 
of sections 1 and 2 of this regulation contain or be ac- 
companied by a statement of the nature and extent of 
the weighing done by the applicant and the length of 
time during which he has weighed cotton, a description 
of the scales he expects to use as a licensed weigher, and 
a statement showing how often the scales will be tested 
and by whom. 



Markets 27. ] SERVICE AXD REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



27 



Sec. 5. A. single application may be made by any 
prson for a license as both classifier and weighed upon 
complying with all the requirements of sections 1, 2, 3, 
and 4 of this regulation. 

Sec. G. Each applicant for a license as a classifier or 
weigher and each licensed classifier or licensed weigher 
shall, whenever requested by an authorized agent of the 
Department of Agriculture designated by the Chief of 
the Bureau of Markets for the purpose, submit to an 
examination or test to show his ability properly to 
classify or to weigh cotton, as the case may be, and shall 
also submit for inspection copies of the standards of 
classification or the weighing apparatus, as the case 
may be. used or to be used by him. 

Sec. 7. Each licensed classifier or licensed weigher 
shall keep his license conspicuously posted in a place 
designated for the purpose by the Chief of the Bureau 
of Markets. 

Sec. 8. Each class certificate issued under the Act by 
a licensed classifier shall be on a form approved for the 
purpose by the Chief of the Bureau of Markets, and 
shall embody within its written or printed terms (a) 
the caption "Cotton Class Certificate" ; (b) whether 
it is an original, or a duplicate, or other copy; (c) the 
name and location of the licensed warehouse in which 
the cotton is or is expected to be stored; (d) the date 
of the certificate; (e) the location of the cotton at the 
time of classification ; (/) the identification of each bale 
of cotton by the number of the tag mentioned in regu- 
lation 6, section 5, or, if there be no such tag, by other 
marks or numbers; (g) the grade or other class of each 
bale of cotton covered by the certificate, and the stand- 
ard or description in accordance with which such classi- 
fication is made; (A) that the certificate is issued under 
the United States warehouse Act by a licensed classifier; 
and (i) the signature of the licensed classifier. In addi- 
tion, the class certificate may include any other matter 
not inconsistent with the Act or the regulations. 



28 



BUREAU OF MAEKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



Sec. 9. In case any cotton classified by a licensed 
classifier is of a quality or condition specified in section 
2 of regulation 9, he shall state such quality or condi- 
tion in the class certificate for such cotton. 

Sec. 10. In case any cotton classified by a licensed 
classifier is reduced in value by reason of the presence 
of extraneous matter of any character or irregularities 
or defects below its grade according to the official 
cotton standards of the United States, but is not of a 
quality or condition specified in section 2 of regulation 9, 
the licensed classifier shall state in the class certificate, 
in addition to its grade according to the official cotton 
standards of the United States, the grade to the value 
of which it is so reduced and the quality or condition 
which so reduces its value. 

Sec. 11. No class certificate shall be issued under the 
Act for any cotton which is not stored or expected to be 
stored in a licensed warehouse. 

Sec 12. No licensed classifier shall issue a class cer- 
tificate unless it be based on a correct and representa- 
tive sample of each bale of cotton covered thereby. 

Sec. 13. No sample taken from a bale of cotton shall 
be deemed to be correct and representative for the pur- 
poses of this regulation unless it be composed of cotton 
drawn by the customary methods from both sides of the 
bale and weigh not less than 5 ounces. 

Sec 14. In case the cotton drawn from one side of a 
bale is lower in class than that drawn from the other 
side of the bale, except as proA T ided by these regulations 
in the case of mixed packed cotton, the class assigned 
to the bale shall be that of the cotton taken from the 
side showing the lower class. 

Sec. 15. Whenever there is an express request from 
the owner or the depositor of the cotton or the licensed 
warehouseman concerned, or it is understood by custom, 
that the length of staple shall be stated in the class 
certificate, the licensed classifier shall ascertain the 
length of staple and state it therein. 



Markets 27.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



29 



Sec. 1G. Each licensed classifier shall keep himself 
provided with, or have access to, a set of practical forms 
of the official cotton standards of the United States, or 
such parts thereof as the Chief of the Bureau of Markets 
shall deem necessary for. use in the locality in which the 
applicant performs services as a licensed classifier. 

Sec. 17. Each weight certificate issued under the Act 
by a licensed weigher shall be on a form approved for 
the purpose by the Chief of the Bureau of Markets and 
shall embody within its written or printed terms (a) 
the caption "Cotton- Weight certificate"; (b) whether 
it is an original, or a duplicate or other cop}^; (e) the 
name and location of the licensed warehouse in which 
the cotton is or is expected to be stored; (d) the date of 
the certificate; (e) the location of the cotton at the time 
of weighing; (/) the identification of each bale of cot- 
ton by the number of the tag mentioned in regulation 
6, section 5, or, if there be no such tag, by other marks 
or numbers; (g) the gross weight of the cotton and, if 
excessively wet or otherwise of a condition materially 
affecting its weight, a statement of such fact; (A) that 
the certificate is issued under the United States ware- 
house Act by a licensed weigher; and (i) the signature 
of such licensed weigher. In addition, the weight cer- 
tificate may include any other matter not inconsistent 
with the Act and the regulations. 

Sec. 18. No weight certificate shall be issued for cot- 
ton that is not stored or expected to be stored in a 
licensed warehouse. 

Sec. 19. Each licensed weigher shall keep himself 
provided with weighing apparatus approved for his use 
under the Act by the Chief of the Bureau of Markets. 

Sec. 20. The class and weight of any cotton ascer- 
tained by a licensed classifier and a licensed weigher, 
may be stated on a certificate combining the require- 
ments of sections 8 and 17 of this regulation, if the form 
of such certificate shall have been approved for the pur- 
pose by the Chief of the Bureau of Markets. 



30 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



Sec. 21. Each licensed classifier and each licen.-ed 
weigher shall keep for a period of one year in a place 
accessible to interested persons a copy of each certificate 
issued by him under these regulations. 

Sec. 22. Each licensed classifier and each licensed 
weigher shall permit any officer or agent of the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, authorized by the Secretary for 
the purpose, to inspect or examine, on any business day 
during the usual hours of business; his books, paper's, 
records, and accounts relating to the performance of his 
duties under the Act and the regulations, and shall, with 
the consent of the licensed warehouseman concerned, 
assist any such officer or agent in the inspection or ex- 
amination mentioned in section 10 of regulation 6, so 
far as any such inspection or examination relates to the 
performance of the duties of such licensed classifier or 
weigher under the Act and the regulations. 

Sec. 23. Each licensed classifier and each licensed 
weigher shall, from time to time, when requested by the 
Chief of the Bureau of Markets, make reports on forms 
furnished for the purpose by the Bureau of Markets, 
showing his activities as such' licensed classifier or 
licensed weigher. 

Sec. 24. Pending investigation the Secretary may. 
whenever he deems necessary, suspend the license of a 
licensed classifier or licensed weigher temporarily with- 
out hearing. Upon a written request and a satisfactory 
statement of reasons therefor, submitted by the licensed 
classifier or licensed weigher, the Secretary may. with- 
out hearing, suspend or cancel the license issued to such 
licensed classifier or licensed weigher. Before the 
license of any licensed classifier or licensed weigher is 
suspended or revoked, pursuant to section 12 of the Act, 
such licensed classifier or licensed weigher shall be 
furnished by the Secretary, or by any official of the De- 
partment of Agriculture designated for the purpose, a 
written statement specifying the charges and shall be 
allowed a reasonable time within which he may answer 



Markets 27 ] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



31 



the same in writing and submit affidavits and other 
proper evidence. If requested by such licensed classi- 
fier or licensed weigher within the time allowed for 
answering, an oral hearing, of which reasonable notice 
shall be given, shall be held before, and at a time and 
place fixed by, the Secretary, or an official of the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture designated by him for the purpose. 
The testimony of witnesses at such hearing shall be 
upon oath or affirmation administered by the official 
before whom the hearing is held, when required by him. 
Such hearing may be adjourned by him from time to 
time. A copy of the charges, the answer thereto, copies 
of all notices given, and all the evidence shall be made 
a part of the records of the Department of Agriculture. 
The records and. when there has been an oral hearing 
other than by the Secretary, the recommendation of the 
official holding the same, shall be transmitted to the 
Secretary for his consideration. 

Sec. 25. In case a license issued to a licensed classi- 
fier or licensed weigher is suspended, revoked, or can- 
celed by the Secretary, such license shall be returned to 
the Secretary. At the expiration of any period of sus- 
pension of such license, unless in the meantime it is re- 
voked or canceled, the dates of the beginning and termi- 
nation of the suspension shall be indorsed thereon, and 
it shall be returned to the licensed classifier or licensed 
weigher to whom it was originally issued and shall be 
posted as prescribed in section 7 of this regulation. 

Sec. 26. Upon satisfactory proof of the loss or de- 
struction of a license issued to a licensed classifier or 
licensed weigher, a duplicate thereof may be issued 
under the same or a new number, in the discretion of 
the Secretary. 

Sec. 27. No person shall in any way represent him- 
self to be a classifier or weigher Licensed under the Act 
unless he holds an unsuspended, unrevoked, and uncan- 
celed license issued under the Act. 



32 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



IS. R. A., 



Regulation 9. Standards. 

Section 1. The official cotton standards of the United 
States, established and promulgated under the United 
States cotton-futures act of August 11, 1916, are hereby 
adopted as the official cotton standards for the pur- 
poses of the Act and the regulations. 

Sec. 2. Paragraph 1. — Cotton that because of 

the presence of extraneous matter of any character or 
irregularities or defects, is reduced in value below that 
of good ordinary, (h) is below the grade of Good Ordi- 
nary, (c) is below the grade of Low Middling, if tinged, 
(d) is below the grade of Middling, if stained, (e) is 
less than seven-eighths of an inch in length of staple, 
(/) is of perished staple, (g) is of immature staple, (A) 
is gin cut, (i) is reginned, (j) is repacked, (k) is false 
packed, or (I) is mixed packed, shall be designated as 
such. In the case of subdivision (a) of this section the 
j)articular extraneous matter or irregularities or de- 
fects shall be stated. 

Paragraph For the purposes of this section, the 
following terms shall be construed respectively to 
mean — 

(a) Gin-cut cotton. — Cotton that shows damage in 
ginning, through cutting by the saws, to an extent 
that reduces its value more than two grades. 

(b) Reginned cotton. — Cotton that has passed through 
the ginning process more than once and cotton that, 
after having been ginned, has been subjected to a clean- 
ing process and then baled. 

(c) Repacked cotton. — Cotton that is composed of 
factors*, brokers', or other samples, or of loose or mis- 
cellaneous lots collected and rebaled. 

(d) False packed cotton. — Cotton in a bale (1) con- 
taining substances entirely foreign to cotton, (2) con- 
taining damaged cotton in the interior with or without 
any indication of such damage upon the exterior, (3) 
composed of good cotton upon the exterior and de- 



Markets 27.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



33 



cidedly inferior cotton in the interior in such manner 
as not to be detected by customary examination, that 
is, plated bale, or (4) containing pickings or linters 
worked into the bale. 

(c) Mixed packed cotton. — Cotton in a bale which 
shows a difference of more than two grades between 
samples drawn from the heads and the top and bottom 
sides of the bale, or which shows a difference in color 
exceeding two grades in value between such samples. 

(/) Water packed cotton. — Cotton in a bale that has 
been penetrated by water during the baling process, 
causing damage to the fiber, or a bale that through ex- 
posure to the weather or by other means, while appar- 
ent 1} T dry on the exterior, has been damaged by water in 
the interior. 

(g) Cotton of perished staple— Cotton that has had 
the strength of fiber as ordinarily found in cotton de- 
stroyed or unduly reduced through exposure, either to 
the weather before picking or after baling, or to heating 
by fire, or on account of water packing, or through other 
causes. 

(/<) Cotton of immature staple. — Cotton that has been 
picked and baled before the fiber has reached a normal 
state of maturity, resulting in a weakened staple of in- 
fe] tor value. 

Regulation 10. Miscellaneous. 

Section 1. All portions of these regulations govern- 
ing warehousemen shall apply to any person applying 
for a license, or licensed, under section 9 of the Act. 

Sec. 2. Publications under the Act and the regulations 
shall be made in service and regulatory announcements 
of the Bureau of Markets, and such other media as the 
Chief of that Bureau may from time to time designate 
for the purpose. 

Sec. 3. Every person licensed under the Act shall im- 
mediately furnish the Chief of the Bureau of Markets 



34 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



any information which may come to the knowledge of 
such person tending to show that any provision of the 
Act or the regulations has been violated. 

Sec. 4. Hearings under section 24 of the Act shall be 
held by the Chief of the Bureau of Markets or by some 
other official of the Department of Agriculture desig- 
nated for the purpose by the Secretary. Written notice 
of the time and place of any such hearing shall be given 
by the Secretary or by the Chief of the Bureau of Mar- 
kets to the warehouseman concerned, such reasonable time 
in advance as will enable him, if he so desire, to attend 
the hearing. The warehouseman so notified shall^ in ad- 
vance of the hearing, be furnished with a written state- 
ment of the charges and shall be afforded opportunity 
to submit evidence in his behalf. The testimony of wit- 
nesses at such hearings shall be upon oath or affirmation 
administered by the official before whom the hearing is 
held, when required by him. Such hearing may be ad- 
journed by him from time to time. When any such 
hearing is not held by the Secretary, reports of the evi- 
dence taken and of the conclusions shall be made in 
writing by the official holding the hearing and shall be 
transmitted to the Secretary. 

Sec. 5. Nothing in these regulations shall be con- 
strued to conflict with, or to authorize any conflict with, 
or in any way to impair or limit the effect or opera- 
tion of the laws of any State relating to warehouses, 
warehousemen, weighers, graders, or classifiers, nor shall 
these regulations be construed so as to limit the opera- 
tion of any statute of the United States relating to 
warehouses, or warehousemen, weighers, graders, or 
classifiers now in force in the District of Columbia or in 
any Territory or other place under the exclusive juris- 
diction of the United States. 

Sec. 6. Any amendment to these regulations made by 
the Secretary shall be effective as to persons licensed at 
the time of such amendment, in the same manner as to 
persons thereafter licensed, under the Act. 



Markets 27.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



35 



UNITED STATES WAREHOUSE ACT. 

(8!) U. S. Stat*. L., p. 4S(>.) 

That this act shall he known hy the short title of " United States warehouse 
Act." 

Sec. 2. That the term " warehouse " as used in this Act shall he deemed to 
mean every building, structure, or other protected inclosure in which any agri- 
cultural product is or may he stored for interstate or foreign commerce, or, if 
located within any place under the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States, 
in which any agricultural product is or may be stored. The term " agricul- 
tural product," wherever used in this Act shall be deemed to mean cotton, 
wool, grains, tobacco, and Uaxseed, or any of them. As used in this Act. 
" person " includes a corporation or partnership or two or more persons having 
a joint or common interest ; " warehouseman " means a person lawfully en- 
gaged in the business of storing agricultural products; and "receipt" means 
a warehouse receipt. 

Sec. 3. That the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to investigate the 
storage, warehousing, classifying according to grade and otherwise, weighing, 
and certification of agricultural products ; upon application to him by any 
person applying for license to conduct a warehouse under this Act, to inspect 
such warehouse or cause it to be inspected ; at any time, with or without ap- 
plication to him, to inspect or cause to be inspected all warehouses licensed 
under this Act ; to determine whether warehouses for which licenses are applied 
lor or have been issued under this Act are suitable for the proper storage of 
any agricultural product or products ; to classify warehouses licensed or apply- 
ing for a license in accordance with their ownership, location, surroundings, 
capacity, conditions, and other qualities, and as to the kinds of licenses issued 
or that may he issued for them pursuant to this Act; and to prescribe, within 
the limitations of this Act, the duties of the warehouseman conducting ware- 
houses licensed under this Act with respect to their care of and responsibility 
for agricultural products stored therein. 

Sec. 4. That the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized, upon application to 
him, to issue to any warehouseman a license for the conduct of a warehouse or 
warehouses in accordance with this Act and such rules and regulations as may 
be made hereunder : Provided, That each such warehouse be found suitable for 
the proper storage of the particular agricultural product or products for which 
a license is applied for, and that such warehouseman agree, as a condition to 
the granting of the license, to comply with and abide by all the terms of this Act 
and the rules and regulations prescribed hereunder. 

Sec 5. That each license issued under sections four and nine of this Act shall 
be issued for a period not exceeding one year and shall specify the date upon 
which it is to terminate, and upon showing satisfactory to the Secretary of 
Agriculture may, from time to time, be renewed or extended by a written instru- 
ment, which shall specify the date of its termination. 

Sec. 6. That each warehouseman applying for a license to conduct a ware- 
house in accordance with this Act shall, as a condition to the granting thereof, 
execute and file with the Secretary of Agriculture a good and sufficient bond 
other than personal security to the United States to secure the faithful per- 
formance of his obligations as a warehouseman under the laws of the State, 
District, or Territory in which he is conducting such warehouse, as well as 
under the terms of this Act and the rules and regulations prescribed hereunder, 
and of such additional obligations as a warehouseman as may be assumed by 



36 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., 



hirn under contracts with the respective depositors of agricultural products in 
such warehouse. Said bond shall be in such form and amount, shall have such 
surety or sureties, subject to service of process in suits on the bond within 
the State, District, or Territory in which the warehouse is located, and shall 
contain such terms and conditions as the Secretary of Agriculture may prescribe 
to carry out the purposes of this Act, including the requirements of fire insur- 
ance. Whenever the Secretary of Agriculture shall determine that a bond 
approved by him is, or for any cause has become, insufficient, he may require 
an additional bond or bonds to be given by the warehouseman concerned, con- 
forming with the requirements of this section, and unless the same be given 
within the time fixed by a written demand therefor the license of such ware- 
houseman may be suspended or revoked. 

Seo. 7. That any person injured by the breach of any obligation to secure 
which a bond is given, under the provisions of sections six or nine, shall be en- 
titled to sue on the bond in his own name in any court of competent jurisdic- 
tion to recover the damages he may have sustained by such breach. 

Sec. 8. That upon the filing with and approval by the Secretary of Agri- 
culture of a bond, in compliance wirh this Act, for the conduct of a warehouse, 
such warehouse shall be designated as bonded hereunder ; but no warehouse 
shall be designated as bonded under this Act, and no name or description con- 
veying the impression that it is so bonded, shall be used, until a bond, such as 
provided for in section six, has been filed with and approved by the Secretary of 
Agriculture, nor unless the license issued under this Act for the conduct ot 
such warehouse remains unsuspended and unrevoked. 

Sec. 9. That the Secretary of Agriculture may, under such rules and regula- 
tions as he shall prescribe, issue a license to any person not a warehouseman 
to accept the custody of agricultural products and to store the same in a 
warehouse or warehouses owned, operated, or leased by any State, upon condi- 
tion that such person agree to comply with and abide by the terms of this Act 
and the rules and regulations prescribed hereunder. Each person so licensed 
shall issue receipts for the agricultural products placed in his custody, and 
shall give bond, in accordance with the provisions of this Act and the rules and 
regulations hereunder affecting warehousemen licensed under this Act, and shall 
otherwise be subject to this Act and such rules and regulations to the same 
extent as is provided for warehousemen licensed hereunder. 

Sec 10. That the Secretary of Agriculture shall charge, assess, and cause to 
be collected a reasonable fee for every examination or inspection of a ware- 
house under this Act when such examination or inspection is made upon applica- 
tion of a warehouseman, and a fee not exceeding $2 per annum for each license 
or renewal thereof issued to a warehouseman under this Act. All such fees shall 
be deposited and covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts. 

Sec. 11. That the Secretary of Agriculture may, upon presentation of satis- 
factory proof of competency, issue to any person a license to classify any 
agricultural product or products, stored or to be stored in a warehouse licensed 
under this Act, according to grade or otherwise and to certificate the grade 
or other class thereof, or to weigh the same and certificate the weight thereof, 
or both to classify and weigh the same and to certificate the grade or other 
class and the weight thereof, upon condition that such person agree to comply 
with and abide by the terms of this Act and of the rules and regulations pre- 
scribed hereunder so far as the same relate to him. 

Sec. 12. That any license issued to any person to classify or to weigh any 
agricultural product or products under this Act may be suspended or revoked 
by the Secretary of Agriculture whenever be is satisfied, after opportunity 
afforded to the licensee concerned for a hearing, that such licensee has failed 



Markets 27.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 37 

to classify or to weigh any agricultural product or products correctly, or has 
violated any of the provisions of this Act or of the rules and regulations pre- 
scribed hereunder, so far as the same may relate to him. or that he has used 
his license <>r allowed it to he used for any improper purpose whatsoever, 
Pending investigation, the Secretary of Agriculture, whenever he deems neces- 
sary, may suspend a license temporarily without hearing. 

Sec. 13. That every warehouseman conducting a warehouse licensed under 
this Act shall receive for storage therein, so far as its capacity permits, any 
agricultural product of the kind customarily stored therein by him which may 
be tendered to him in a suitable condition for warehousing, in the usual 
manner in the ordinary and usual course of business, without making any dis- 
crimination between persons desiring to avail themselves of warehouse facilities. 

Sec. 14. That any person who deposits agricultural products for storage in 
a warehouse licensed under this Act shall be deemed to have deposited the 
same subject to the terms of this Act and the rules and regulations prescribed 
hereunder. 

Sec. 15. That grain, flaxseed, or any other fungible agricultural product 
stored for interstate or foreign commerce, or in any place under the exclusive 
jurisdiction of the United States, in a warehouse licensed under this Act shall 
be inspected and graded by a person duly licensed to grade the same under 
this Act. 

Sec. 16. That every warehouseman conducting a warehouse licensed under 
this Act shall keep the agricultural products therein of one depositor so far 
separate from agricultural products of other depositors, and from other agri- 
cultural products of the same depositor for which a separate receipt has been 
issued, as to permit at all times the identification and redelivery of the agri- 
cultural products deposited ; but if authorized by agreement or by custom, a 
warehouseman may mingle fungible agricultural products with other agri- 
cultural products of the same kind and grade, and shall be severally liable 
to each depositor for the care and redelivery of his share of such mass, to the 
same extent and under the same circumstances as if the agricultural products 
had been kept separate, but he shall at no time while they are in his custody 
mix fungible agricultural products of different grades. 

Sec. 17. That for all agricultural products stored for interstate or foreign 
commerce, or in any place under the exclusive jurisdiction of the United 
States, in a warehouse licensed under this Act original receipts shall be issued 
by the warehouseman conducting the same, but no receipts shall be issued 
except for agricultural products actually stored in the warehouse at the time 
of the issuance thereof. 

Sec. 18. That every receipt issued for agricultural products stored in a ware- 
house licensed under this Act shall embody within its written or printed terms 
(a) the location of the warehouse in which the agricultural products are 
stored ; (b) the date of issue of the receipt; (c) the consecutive number of the 
receipt; (d) a statement whether the agricultural products received will be 
delivered to the bearer, to a specified person, or to a specified person or his 
order; (e) the rate of storage charges; (f) a description of the agricultural 
products received, showing the quantity thereof, or, in case of agricultural 
products customarily put up in bales or packages, a description of such bales 
or packages by marks, numbers, or other means of identification and the weight 
of such bales or packages; (g) the grade or other class of the agricultural 
products received and the standard or description in accordance with which 
such classification has been math 1 : Provided, That such grade or other class 
shall be stated according to the official standard of the United States ap- 
plicable to such agricultural products as the same may be fixed and promulgated 



38 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. E. A., 



under authority of law : Provided further, That until such official standards of 
the United States for any agricultural product or products have been fixed and 
promulgated, the grade or other class thereof may be stated in accordance with 
any recognized standard or in accordance with such rules and regulations not 
inconsistent herewith as may be prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture; 
(h) a statement that the receipt is issued subject to the United States ware- 
house Act and the rules and regulations prescribed thereunder ; (i) if the receipt 
be issued for agricultural products of which the warehouseman is owner, either 
solely or jointly or in common with others, the fact of such ownership; (j) a 
statement of the amount of advances made and of liabilities incurred for which 
the warehouseman claims a lien : Pro vided, That if the precise amount of such 
advances made or of such liabilities incurred be at the time of the issue of the 
receipt unknown to the warehouseman or his agent who issues it, a statemeut 
of the fact that advances have been made or liabilities incurred and the purpose 
thereof shall be sufficient; (k) such other terms and conditions within the 
limitations of this Act as may be required by the Secretary of Agriculture ; and 
(1) the signature of the warehouseman, which may be made by his authorized 
agent: Provided, That unless otherwise required by the law of the State in 
which the warehouse is located, when requested by the depositor of other than 
fungible agricultural products, a receipt omitting compliance with subdivision 
(g) of this section may be issued if it have plainly and conspicuously embodied 
in its written or printed terms a provision that such receipt is not negotiable. 

Sec. 19. That the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized, from time to 
time, to establish and promulgate standards for agricultural products in this 
Act defined by which their quality or value may be judged or determined; 
Provided, That the standards for any agricultural products which have been, 
or which in future may be, established by or under authority of any other 
Act of Congress shall be, and are hereby, adopted for the purposes of this Act 
as the official standards of the United States for the agricultural products to 
which they relate. 

Sec. 20. That while an original receipt issued under this Act is outstanding 
and uncanceled by the warehouseman issuing the same no other or further 
receipt shall be issued for the agricultural product covered thereby or for any 
part thereof, except that in the case of a lost or destroyed receipt a new receipt, 
upon the same terms and subject to the same conditions and bearing on its face 
the number and date of the receipt in lieu of which it is issued, may be issued 
upon compliance with the statutes of the United States applicable thereto in 
places under the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States or upon compliance 
with the laws of any State applicable thereto in any place not under the ex- 
clusive jurisdiction of the United States: Provided, That if there be in such 
case no statute of the United States or law of a State applicable thereto such 
new receipts may be issued upon the giving of satisfactory security in com- 
pliance with the rules and regulations made pursuant to this Act. 

Sec 21. That a warehouseman conducting a warehouse licensed under this 
Act, in the absence of some lawful excuse, shall, without unnecessary delay, 
deliver the agricultural products stored therein upon a demand made either by 
the holder of a receipt for such agricultural products or by the depositor thereof 
if such demand be accompanied with (a) an offer to satisfy the warehouseman's 
lien; (b) an offer to surrender the receipt, if negotiable, with such indorsements 
as would be necessary for the negotiation of the receipt; and (c) a readiness 
and willingness to sign, when the products are delivered, an acknowledgment 
that they have been delivered if such signature is requested by the ware- 
houseman. 



Markets 27.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 



39 



Sec. 22. That ji warehouseman conducting- a warehouse licensed under this 
Act shall plainly cancel upon the face thereof each receipt returned to him 
upon the delivery by him of the agricultural products for which the receipt was 
issued. 

Sec. 23. That every warehouseman conducting a warehouse licensed under 
this Act shall keep in a place of safety complete and correct records of all 
agricultural products stored therein and withdrawn therefrom, of all ware- 
house receipts issued by him, and of the receipts returned to and canceled by 
him, shall make reports to the Secretary of Agriculture concerning such ware- 
house and the condition, contents, operation, and business thereof in such form 
and at such times as he may require, and shall conduct said warehouse in all 
other respects in compliance with this Act and the rules and regulations made 
hereunder. 

Sec. 24. That the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to cause examina- 
tions to be made of any agricultural product stored in any warehouse licensed 
under this Act. Whenever, after opportunity for hearing is given to the ware- 
houseman conducting such warehouse, it is determined that he is not perform- 
ing fully the duties imposed on him by this Act and the rules and regulations 
made hereunder, the Secretary may publish his findings. 

Sec. 25. That the Secretary of Agriculture may, after opportunity for hear- 
ing has been afforded to the licensee concerned, suspend or revoke any license 
issued to any warehouseman conducting a warehouse under this Act, for any 
violation of or failure to comply with any provision of this Act or of the rules 
and regulations made hereunder or upon the ground that unreasonable or ex- 
orbitant charges have been made for services rendered. Pending investigation, 
the Secretary of Agriculture, whenever he deems necessary, may suspend a 
license temporarily without hearing. 

Sec. 26. That the Secretary of Agriculture from time to time may publish the 
results of any investigations made under section three of this Act ; and he shall 
publish the names and locations of warehouses licensed and bonded and the 
names and addresses of persons licensed under this Act and lists of all licenses 
terminated under this Act and the causes therefor. 

Sec. 27. That the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized through officials, 
employees, or agents of the Department of Agriculture designated by him to 
examine all books, records, papers, and accounts of warehouses licensed under 
this Act and of the warehousemen conducting such warehouses relating thereto. 

Sec. 28. That the Secretary of Agriculture shall from time to time make such 
rules and regulations as he may deem necessary for the efficient execution of 
the provisions of this Act. 

Sec. 29. That nothing in this Act shall be construed to conflict with, or to 
authorize any conflict with, or in any way to impair or limit the effect or 
operation of the laws of any State relating to warehouses, warehousemen, 
weighers, graders, or classifiers ; but the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized 
to cooperate with such officials as are charged with the enforcement of such 
State laws in such States and through such cooperation to secure the enforce- 
ment of the provisions of this Act; nor shall this Act be construed so as to limit 
the operation of any statute of the United States relating to warehouses or 
warehousemen, weighers, graders, or classifiers now in force in the District of 
Columbia or in any Territory or other place under the exclusive jurisdiction of 
the United States. 

Sec. 30. That every person who shall forge, alter, counterfeit, simulate, or 
falsely represent, or shall without proper authority use, any license issued by 
the Secretary of Agriculture under this Act, or who shall violate or fail to 
comply with any provisions of section eight of this Act, or who shall issue or 



40 



BUREAU OF MARKETS. 



[S. R. A., Markets 27.] 



utter a false or fraudulent receipt or certificate, shall be deemed guilty of a 
misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be fined not more than $500 or 
imprisoned not more than six months, or both, in the discretion of the court. 

Sec. 31. That there is hereby appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury 
not otherwise appropriated, the sum of $50,000, available* until expended, for 
the expenses of carrying into effect the provisions of this Act, including the 
payment of such rent and the employment of such persons and means as the 
Secretary of Agriculture may deem necessary in the city of Washington and 
elsewhere, and he is authorized, in his discretion, to employ qualified persons 
not regularly in the service of the United States for temporary assistance in 
carrying out the purposes of this Act, and out of the moneys appropriated by 
this Act to pay the salaries and expenses thereof. 

Sec 32. That if any clause, sentence, paragraph, or part of this Act shall, 
for any reason, be adjudged by any court of competent jurisdiction to be in- 
valid, such judgment shall not affect, impair, or invalidate the remainder 
thereof, but shall be confined in its operation to the clause, sentence, paragraph, 
or part thereof directly involved in the controversy in which such judgment 
shall have been rendered. 

Sec 33. That the right to amend, alter, or repeal this Act is hereby expressly 
reserved. 



WASHINGTON I GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1917 




NOLDS 



S. R. A .—Markets 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGR 

BUREAU OF MARKE 



Issued Oct. 31, i«u7. 



CRARLES J. BRAND. Chief. * 




JUL 1 8 1949 # 



SERVICE AND REGULATORY AN>f(kfflCgMfefcsr 



No. 28 1 



Contents. 



Page No. 

Organization of food products inspec- 
tion service in the markets 1 

Extension of the food products in- 
spection service 3 

Applications 3 



Page No. 

Suggested forms for telegraphic ap- 
plication 4 

Authority of agents 6 

Correspondence with inspectors 6 



This number contains information for shippers concerning the 
food products inspection service of the .Bureau of Markets conducted 
under rules and regulations prescribed and promulgated by the 
Secretary of Agriculture October 16, 1917, and authorized under 
the following provisions of section 8 of an Act of Congress entitled 
"An Act To provide further for the national security and defense by 
stimulating agriculture and facilitating the distribution of agricul- 
tural products," approved August 10, 1917 (Public No. 40, 65th 
Congress) : 

"For enabling the Secretary of Agriculture to investigate and certify to ship- 
pers the condition as to soundness of fruits, vegetables, and other food prod- 
ucts, when received at such important central markets as the Secretary of 
Agriculture may from time to time designate and under such rules and regula- 
tions as he may prescribe : Provided, That certificates issued by the authorized 
agents of the department shall be received in all courts as prima facie evidence 
of the truth of the statements therein contained." 

These provisions are known as the food products inspection law. 
The rules and regulations thereunder are published in Office of the 
Secretary Circular No. 82, and should be read carefully by anyone 
desiring to avail himself of the inspection service provided. 

Organization of Food Products Inspection Service in the Markets. 
For purposes of administration the important central markets 
designated by the Secretary of Agriculture in Regulation 3 have 
been grouped into six divisions, with a supervising inspector re- 



ThlH is the first Service and Regulatory Announcement issued under the food prod- 
ucts inspection law. 



2 



sponsible for each division. These divisions with their supervisors 
and the markets assigned to each are as follows (a market served by 
an office located at some other point has the office to which applica- 
tion should be made shown in parenthesis after the name of such 
market) : 

Northeastern Division: Headquarters, New York City. 

Supervising Inspector : E. L. Markell, 204 Franklin Street. New York City. 

Baltimore, Maryland 

Boston, Massachusetts 

Jersey City, New Jersey (New York office). 

New York, New York, 204 Franklin Street, Room 707. 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania : 

Providence, Rhode Island (Boston office). 

Southeastern Division: Headquarters, Atlanta, Georgia. 

Supervising Inspector: Atlanta, Georgia. 

Atlanta, Georgia 

Birmingham, Alabama 

Jacksonville, Florida 

Memphis, Tennessee 

Mobile, Alabama (New Orleans office). 
Montgomery, Alabama (Birmingham office). 

New Orleans, Louisiana 

North Central Division: Headquarters, Chicago, Illinois. 

Supervising Inspector : B. B. Pratt, 236 North Clark St., Chicago, Illinois. 
Chicago, Illinois, 236 North Clark Street, Room 503. 

Cincinnati, Ohio 

Indianapolis, Indiana 

Minneapolis, Minnesota 

St. Louis, Missouri 

St. Paul, Minnesota (Minneapolis office). 

Western Plains Division: Headquarters, Kansas City, Missouri. 

Supervising Inspector: F. E. De Sellem, Produce Exchange Building, Kan- 
sas City, Missouri. 

Fort Worth, Texas 

Dallas, Texas 

Galveston. Texas (Houston office). 

Houston, Texas 

Kansas City, Missouri. Produce Exchange Building, Room 202. 

Pacific Division : Headquarters, 

Supervising Inspector : 

District of Columbia: Headquarters, Washington, D. C. 

Supervision : C. T. More and W. M. Scott, Bureau of Markets. 

Washington, D. C, Bureau of Markets, 1358 B Street S. W. (includes 
Potomac Yards). 



3 



The inspection service is already established in each market for 
which a definite address is indicated in the above list. The establish- 
ment of the service at additional points will be announced through 
the daily market news bulletins of the Bureau of Markets. These 
additions, together with any changes in the organization outlined 
above, will also be announced in future issues of the Service and 
Regulatory Announcements of the Bureau of Markets. 



Extension of the Food Products Inspection Service. 

Regulation 3 of the rules and regulations designates only the 
markets in which the inspection service can probably be established 
by January 1, 1918. Due to the fact that the food products inspec- 
tion law was inserted in the food production Act by an amendment 
proposed and inserted in the Senate at a late stage in the progress 
of the bill, the Department of Agriculture did not anticipate and 
was unable to take preliminary steps tow T ard organizing this service 
prior to actual approval of the Act, August 10, 1917. 

The service will be extended as rapidly as possible to additional 
markets, which will be designated in amendments to the rules and 
regulations. It is expected that among the first of these additional 
markets will be the following: 

Buffalo, New York. Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 

Butte, Montana. Newark, New Jersey. 

Cleveland, Ohio. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. 

Council Bluffs, Iowa. Omaha, Nebraska. 

Denver, Colorado. Portland, Oregon. 

Des Moines, Iowa. San Francisco, California. 

Detroit, Michigan. Seattle, Washington. 

Grand Forks, North Dakota. Wichita, Kansas. 
Los Angeles, California. 



No markets on the Pacific Coast have been included in the original 
rules and regulations in view of the fact that the immediate facili- 
ties for the work are limited and it is thought that the inspection 
service will be primarily important to shippers of that region in 
markets east of the Rocky Mountains. The service, however, will 
be extended to the Pacific Coast markets as early as practicable. 



Applications. 

Shippers are urged as far as possible to confine their applica- 
tions for inspection to shipments over which there is controversy as 
to their condition. Facilities for making inspections are limited 



4 



and it is desirable to confine the work to shipments giving real 
trouble. 

The information required to be given in each application for in- 
spection is set out in section 3 of regulation 5. 

Whenever practicable, applications for inspection should be con- 
fined to or should indicate a definite grade, brand, size or other form 
of mark or portion of load on which information is particularly 
desired. This is important to enable the inspector to transmit as 
complete information as is desired on the particular portion of the 
shipment in which the shipper is most interested. Where the shipper 
is only concerned about the condition of a particular portion of the 
shipment the time of the inspector will be conserved if application 
for inspection is confined to this lot. 

In stating in applications, as required by sub-division (g) of sec- 
tion 3 of regulation 5, the condition concerning which inspection 
is requested, the points to be determined should be detailed as closely 
as possible, and should include such items as the following: Per- 
centage of decay; state of maturity; condition as to blemishes due 
to scald, spot, stain, insect or fungous injury, etc. ; amount of bruis- 
ing; general condition of load as affecting soundness; amount of 
frost injury; damage due to freezing or overheating in transit, or 
in storage; character of pack as affecting soundness; soundness as 
affecting grade, and similar conditions. 

The statement of the purpose for which inspection is requested, 
as further required by said sub-division (g) was intended to cover 
such matters as to settle trade dispute; to determine value of ship- 
ment for storage ; to indicate condition for reshipment or diversion ; 
to determine the value of a method of loading and its effect on the 
soundness of a shipment upon arrival, or other reasons. 

Suggested Forms for Telegraphic Application. 

The following are suggested as desirable forms suitable in certain 
cases, of telegraphic applications for inspection, addressed to the 
food products inspector in the market in which inspection is desired. 
Of course, each such application must necessarily vary according to 
the facts involved, and must comply with the requirements of sec- 
tion 3 of regulation 3. 



5 

Style of Application for Inspection of Entire Shipment. 
(1) Food Products Inspector, 



Inspect your market P. F. E. nine live sixteen, John Doe, receiver, 

(P. O. address), shipped Lodi, California, fourteenth 

on track Illinois Central, nine twenty crates grapes miscellaneous growers ; 
note particularly decay account rejection. Wire. 

Richard Roe & Company, 



(P. O. address.) 

(2) Food Products Inspector, 



Inspect your market N. P. eighty-one five ten, Richard Roe, receiver, 

(P. O. address), shipped North Yakima, Washington, 

Octoher twenty-fifth, due November sixth, Pennsylvania, one eighty extra fancy 
two twenty five fancy Jonathans, one sixty seven fancy fifty eight C grade 
Romes ; wire general condition ; note particularly condition load account claim. 

John Doe & Sons, 



(P. O. address.) 



Style of Application for Inspection of Portion of Shipment. 
(1) Food Products Inspector, 



Inspect your market P. F. E. nine five sixteen, John Doe, receiver 

(P. O. address), shipped Lodi, California, fourteenth 

on track Illinois Central, one thirty seven crates tokays Yokoda grower, twenty 
eight Jacobs ; note particularly decay account rejection. Wire. 

Richard Roe & Company. 



(P. O. address.) 

(2) Food Products Inspector. 



Inspect your market N. P. eighty one five ten. Richard Roe, receiver, 

(P. O. address), shipped North Yakima, Washing- 
ton, October twenty-fifth, due November sixth, Pennsylvania. One sixty seven 
fancy, fifty eight C. grade Romes. Wire maturity, decay, condition load 
account rejection, claim. 

John Doe & Sons. 



(P. O. address.) 



6 



Authority of Agents. 

A shipper may provide blanket authority for any person to act as 
his agent for the purpose of making applications for inspection in 
behalf of such shipper, or for the purpose of receiving original in- 
spection certificates covering the shipments of such shipper, by filing 
a written statement of such authority with the supervising inspector 
of the division in which inspections are expected to be made, or with 
the Chief of the Bureau of Markets, Washington, D. C. 

Shippers, or persons making applications in their behalf, .who 
desire to have the results of inspections regularly telegraphed or 
telephoned to them at their expense, may arrange for this by writing 
to the supervising inspector of the division in which they expect to 
have inspections made, or to the Chief of the Bureau of Markets, 
Washington, D. C. Such arrangement will obviate the necessity of 
making a separate request with each application for a telegraphic 
or telephonic report of the inspection. Unless a full telegraphic 
report is specifically asked for, the telegram will cover mainly the 
conditions concerning which the inspection was requested, as indi- 
cated in the application. 

Correspondence with Inspectors. 

For the best interests of the inspection service and to conserve 
the time of inspectors, shippers are. urgently requested to direct all 
correspondence relating to the service, but not having to do with a 
particular shipment in a certain market, to the supervising inspector 
in whose division the market concerned is located, or to the Chief 
of the Bureau of Markets, Washington, D. C. 




8. R A.— Markets 29. Uwied November 17. 1917, 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 

BUREAU OF MARKETS. 

CHARLES J. BRAND. Chief. 



SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 

No. 29. 1 



NOTICE OF PUBLIC HEARINGS 
relating to 

Official Grain Standards of the United States for Shelled Corn, 
Official Grain Standards of the United States for Wheat, and the 
Rules and Regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture under the 
United States Grain Standards Act. 

Standards for shelled corn under the United States Grain Stand- 
ards Act have been effective since December 1, 191G, for hard red 
winter wheat, soft red winter wheat, common white wheat and white 
club wheat since July 1, 1917, and for all other wheats since August 1, 
1917. The Department of Agriculture desires to have the official 
standards for grain and the rules and regulations of the Secretary of 
Agriculture under the United States Grain Standards Act meet fully 
the practical requirements of the various interests engaged in the pro- 
duction, marketing and utilization of such grain. It is believed that 
the official standards for corn and wheat and the rules and regulations 
have been in force long enough to afford a substantial basis for con- 
sideration of modifications or amendments that may be practicable 
and desirable. In order that the Department of Agriculture may have 
the benefit of constructive criticisms from persons interested in the 
standards and the rules and regulations, public hearings, presided 
over by the Chief of the Bureau of Markets, or his representative, are 
announced as follows: 



'Previous numbers in this series which relate to the United States Grain Standards Act are: Nos. 11 
to 16, 17 to 19, *nd 22 to 2«. 



November 26, beginning at 9.30 o'clock A. M., New York City, N. Y., 
Room 942, Woolworth Building. 

November 27, beginning at 9.30 o'clock A. M., Buffalo, New York, 
Hotel Statler. 

December 3, beginning at 9.30 o'clock A. M., Toledo, Ohio, Room 
No. 50, Hotel Boody. 

December 4, beginning at 9.30 o'clock A. M., Chicago, Illinois, 
Room A, Morrison HoteL 

December 5, beginning at 9.30 o'clock A. M., Omaha, Nebraska, 
Hotel Fontenelle. 

December 6, beginning at 9.30 o'clock A. M., Minneapolis, Minne- 
sota, Old Postoffice Building. 

December 8, beginning at 9.30 o'clock A. M., Fargo, North Dakota, 
Commercial Club, Auditorium. 

December 10, beginning at 9.30 o'clock A. M., Spokane, Washington, 
Assembly Room, Chamber of Commerce. 

December 11, beginning at 9.30 o'clock A. M., Seattle, Washington, 
Assembly Room, Chamber of Commerce. 

December 12, beginning at 9.30 o'clock A. M., Portland, Oregon, 
Assembly Room, Multnomah Hotel. 

December 14, beginning at 1.00 o'clock P. M., Salt Lake City, Utah, 
Supper Room, Hotel Utah. 

December 15, beginning at 9.30 o'clock A. M., San Francisco, Cali- 
fornia, Assembly Room, Chamber of Commerce. 

December 17, beginning at 1.00 o'clock P. M., Hutchinson, Kansas, 
Commercial Club, Rorabaugh Wiley Building. 

December 19, beginning at 9.30 o'clock A. M., Fort Worth, Texas, 
Hotel Westbrook. 

December 20, beginning at 1.00 o'clock P. M., St. Louis, Missouri, 
Parlor A, Planters Hotel. 

December 22, beginning at 9.30 o'clock A. M., Nashville, Tennessee, 
Assembly Room, Commercial Club Building. 

2 



December 27, beginning at 9.30 o'clock A. M., Washington, D. C, 
New National Museum. 

Producers of grain, millers, merchants, inspectors, warehousemen, 
carriers and other persons interested are invited to be present at any 
of these hearings. It is urgently requested that any recommendations 
offered at the hearings or by mail be made in definite form and refer 
to specific class, subclass, grade, regulation, section or otherwise, as 
the case may be. General statements relating to the standards or to 
the rules and regulations will be received, but it should be remembered 
that general statements do not assist greatly in arriving at definite 
conclusions regarding specific modifications. 

It should be noted in this connection that Section 2 of the United 
States Grain Standards Act, in part, provides as follows: 

"In promulgating the standards, or any alteration 
or modification of such standards, the Secretary shall 
specify the date or dates when the same shall become 
effective and shall give public notice not less than 
ninety days in advance of such date or dates by such 
means as he deems proper." 

Any modifications or changes in the present standards, therefore, 
may not be made effective until at least ninety days' public notice of 
such changes has been given. The rules and 
regulations, however, may be changed and made 
effective at any time without advance public 
notice. 

Secretary of Agriculture. 

SUGGESTED SUBJECTS FOR DISCUSSION AT HEARINGS. 

Specific constructive suggestions relative to the following subjects 
are especially desired, but any other suggestions relating to the Rules 
and Regulations or the standards for corn and wheat presented at the 
hearings, or which are submitted by mail, will be given equally full 
consideration : 

Corn Standards. 
1. Shall heat-damaged kernels be permitted in 
Grade No. 3, and if so, what percentage? 

3 




2. Shall a test weight per bushel for Grades Nos. 3, 
4 and 5 be established, and if so, what shall be the mini- 
mum test weight? 

Wheat Standards. 
Classes: Shall the class designation Common and 
Eed Durum be changed, and if so, what should be sub- 
stituted therefor? 

Subclasses : Shall the subclass Red Spring Hump- 
back in Class 1, and Eed Durum in Class 2, be elimi- 
nated? 

Wheat: The official standards specify that "any 
grain which, when free from dockage, contains more 
than six per centum of grain of a kind or kinds other 
than wheat shall not be classified as wheat." Shall this 
definition for wheat be changed, and if so, what defini- 
tion is suggested? 

Mixed Wheat: Shall the grades for mixed wheat be 
changed, and if so, what changes are suggested? 

Smutty Wheat: Shall the definitions and grades 
for smutty wheat be changed, and if so, what changes 
are suggested? 

Treated Wheat: (1) Shall the specifications for 
treated wheat be changed, and if so, what changes are 
suggested ? 

(2) How much treated wheat should be present 
before the lot or parcel shall be designated as Treated 
Wheat? 

Factors in Grades: 1. Shall the minimum test 
weight per bushel, maximum moisture content, total 
wheat of other classes, and special limitations for wheat 
of other classes, be changed, and if so, what changes 
are suggested? 

2. Shall maximum limitations for total damaged, 
heat damaged, total inseparable foreign material, and 
special limitations for inseparable foreign material be 
changed, and if so, what changes are suggested? 

4 



3. If all the garlic and wild onion bulblets are 
removed in the dockage and none remain in the dockage- 
free wheat and no odor is present, shall the garlic and 
wild onion be considered in the grading of the wheat? 

4. Shall dockage and smut dockage be expressed in 
terms of whole per centum instead of half per centum? 

Rules and Regulations. 

1. Shall licensed inspectors be prohibited from cer- 
tifying to the grade of any lot or parcel of grain unless 
the samples are drawn by themselves or by samplers 
who are approved for the purpose by the Secretary of 
Agriculture, and who are not interested, financially or 
otherwise, directly or indirectly, in any grain elevator 
or warehouse, or in the merchandising of grain, nor are 
in the employment of any person owning or operating 
any grain elevator or warehouse? 

2. Shall a licensed inspector, in his discretion, be 
permitted to issue an ''Out" inspection certificate based 
on a sample of grain drawn for the purpose of an "In" 
inspection when the identity of the grain represented 
by the sample is preserved; and if so, what time limit 
following the first inspection should be imposed upon 
the issuance of the "Out" certificate? 

3. Shall licensed inspectors be required in all cases 
to state on the certificate the reasons for grading grain 
No. 3, No. 4, No. 5, No. 6, or Sample Grade? 

4. Shall the fees for appeals and disputes be 
lowered ? 

5. What regulations, if any, shall be made covering 
the issuance of "split" certificates? 



5 



c 



( 



(