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COlWtRY East Germany 


SUBJECT 


PLACE 

ACQUIRED 


Survey of the Fall Maneuvers of the Eighth 
Guards Army 


25X1 A 


CD NO. 

DATE DISTR. 9 January 1953 
NO. OF PAGES 4 


NO. OF ENCLS. 7 (7 pages) 

(LISTED BELOW) & 



DO NOT CIRCULATE 

The fall maneuvers oi. the Eighth Is .Array were covered by five 
groups of sources© Phe reports by 68 sources who covered four of the 
phases from 1 to 20 October 1952 were processed and evaluated indi- 
vidually as well ar collectively© It is therefore possible .3 confirm 
the individual reports and to gain an unafci-& banding of the course and 
objective of the exercise as well as of the mov ements , occupancy of 
bar rac ks installations after thd pre-winter evacuation of fal^ encamn- 
merits^ |— “ | 25X1 B 

The T/d a n of ore tlhitS involved lias not been evaluated in this study’© 

The ^movements of the Eighth Gds Army can be divided into periods of time 
as follows: 

a© iron 1 to 10 October 1952, part of t . id troops and billeting equipujent 
were transported to iho home stations from the troop training grounds 
‘S an * Los ® a .° burins; this period, k9 trains consisting 

of 253 converted ooxcars, oOk boxcars and 1,095 flatcars involving ?k 
APIJs were observed 0 X 

b 0 From 5 to 10 October 1952 ? part of the troops moved from the troop 
training grounds to the assembly areas for the fall maneuvers in the 
bessau-wicsenburg area 0 During this period, 55 trains consisting of 
313 converted boxcars, 135 boxcars and 1,?08 flatcars, involving 12 API’s 
a a well as 9 trains of the IV Arty Corps were observed©^ 
n comparison of the number of cars of the various types used for there 
tv;o movements shows that the troops who moved from 1 to 10 October 
required oQU boxcars, and therefore it is concluded that they carried 
six times the amount of billeting equipment and baggage to the troop train- 
ing grounds that they actually needed for this sVrt- terra exercise 0 

c. IT on 6 to V October V}<2, another part of the force inarched to the 
assembly areas by road c 


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3» Information obtained indicated that the course of the exercise v;a « 
as follows x The XXIX Gds ITtz Lifle Corps assembled in the Dessau^ 
Koethen-IIalle-Bitterfald area, south of the Gibe Liver, constituting 
the White Force* 3 The follovring units v;ere attached to this corps, 
the l£th /low Arty Brig (US) of the 6th Arty Div, the 12J*.th Hv How 
Arty Brig (US) of the 6th Arty Div, elements of the 3Uth Arty Div, 
the 25'Ui docket Launcher Brig of the IV Arty Corps of the GOFG, the 
unidentified engineer regiment in Bern burg and the 36th Fon Bridge 
Logt in I.Iagdeburg of the GQFG, aixl the Army Engr Fegt and elements of 
the 13th AAA biv of the Eighth Gds Array* 

ho The XXVIII Gds Btz Uifle Corps assembled in the area near Bedlitz and 
..iesenhurg southeast of tho Altengrauow troop training grounds, consti- 
tuting tlu; Eed Force north of the Gibe Fiver. As 6u trains went to the 
maneuver area am 136 trains returned to tho home stations from that 
area, it would appear that at least one half of the troops involved 
moved to tlx? maneuver area by road. 

ht> Load movements observed included; 

(1) The movement of the 18th How Arty Brig (US) of the IV Arty Corps 
which, on 8 October, moved from Altengrabow to the area southeast 
of Dessau via Hies ar ~ . , r ie s e nbur g~ C o swig 0 ^ 

The motor movement of tho 21st Gds Lfecas Div which, during the period 
from 6 to 9 October, left the Lossa troop training grounds southward, 
then went westward via But tstaedt-Oerlishausen and, probably turning 
north via Xoelleda-i Ieldrungen, readied Highway Do 80 near Gangerhausen* 
ether sources reported those motor elements passing through dalle, 
coning from the direction of bisleben and proceeding in trie direc tion 
of it oe then. | I large 

elements of tho 39th and 37th Gds Htz Lifle Dive must have moved by 
road. 3* 

6 e All troops were assembled on 10 October* The XWIII Ads Btz Aifio Corps, 
led Force, probably had assumed a defensive position in the Darby-Aken - 
Kosslau section on the north bank of tho Vibe Fiver and had advanced 
reconnaissance units across tlie river prior to the beginning of the .exer- 
cise. The reinforced IGI IX -Gds Vis llifie Corps of the kiitc Force • t tack- 
ing from the south dislodged these Fed reconnaissance units and reached 
the south bank of the Bibo Liver by 11 October , The first -.kite elements 
probably crossed ‘tlio river in tie evening on 11 October and, during that 
night, constructed five bridges making it possible for the bulk' to cross 
in a very short tine. Tic large White artillery group joined tlie XXIX 
Ods I.Itz i-ifle Corps in its zone of action, moving from an assembly area 
southeast of Dessau and east of the Guide Fiver and advancing from east 
to west at right angles to tlio movements of the other .kite troops. On 
3 October, the 36th Fon Bridge hegt of the group had been assigned the 
problem of constructing a bridge across trie :ulde Fiver near Aleuts ch to 
facilitate tlie movement of tho artillery units when crossing the river 
westward. This action was carried out before the assembly movements tliat 
were still under way on 9 October, and it cannot be determined whether 
the operation was a special exercise or merely a practice, 

?e The attack of the -kite main group which proceeded from the south in the 
direction of Her bo t via tho Aken-Brambach area was supported by a smaller 
group which, advancing from the i/ooded area northeast of Loedderits, pro- 
bably crossed on ferries and attacked toward kerb at from -tie southwest. 

As Herbs t, which is at the intersection of five roads on which tlie Bed 
Units had to retreat northward after being dislodged from the north bank 
of the river, was vital to both forces, the. aggressor wanted to capture 
this point at tlio earliest possible moment* Therefore, heavy fighting 
with extensive employment of artillery and air force developed in that 
area on 13 October, Bed units were to maintain possession of the air- 
field of Serbs t as a strong point for tactical reasons. 


( 2 ) 


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9« The tactical aspect of building a lar^e number of bridges during one 
night indicates that the white aggressor attempted to bring strong 
forces including numerous heavy batteries across the river in order 
to foil m up the retreating energy with massed forces and long-range 
fire* This principle of immediate pursuit was also emphasized in 
numerous small-scale exercises of tank units this summer 0 

10 rs Comparison of the leading areas used after completion of the exercise 
with the unloading areas used prior to the beginning of the exercise 
shows that during the period from 13 to 1 $ October, the white forces 
advanced continuously, probably as far as the Bolzig-Barby lino, and 
threw the lied XXVIII Ids Jiz Aifla Corps back as far as the area of . 
AltengrabcWo The exorcise ended TJith this action on 15 October. 3 and ^ 

11 o Only incomplete informtior is available on the participation of the 
2lith Air Arny. Hie ground attack rogiraent stationed in Dessau took 
off at 10:30 a.n* and landed in Dossau again at 3:30 p.m* on 9 October* 
It is* therefore, believed that on that day the regiment made an inter- 
mediate landing at an unidentified airfield farther south* As the air- 
craft had the markings of the white force, there is reason for believing 
that they attacked the assembly areas of tlie lied forces* The ground 
attack regiment stationed in hr andenburg-Ar ad o moved from Brandenburg 
to Jcsoau on 10 October ar.d was probably assigned a similar* mission. 

The fighter division in Merseburg -Alt-Locnncv;itz-lierbst was involved 
in the exorcise on l£ October* 

12 o AH army units of tlie Eighth Gds» Army and the TV Arty Corps moved on 
1 35 trains from the loading areas north of the ttlbe Liver to their 
home stations during the period from .16 to 19 October* 2 

13 * 


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| sopited the information on the construction of 

bridges. He stated that in places at which the minimum width of the 
Elbe River was 250 meters and on a frontage of 6 km, five bridges were 
built across the river during the night of 11 October. Of the five 
built, three were pontoon bridges with three-section equipment, A one was 
an iron pile-bent bridge, and one was an underwater bridge on piles, 
probably a foot bridge for personnel* Although this report is uncon- 
firmed, it appears credible inawnneh as 2 engineer regiments of the 
GOFG, 1 army engineer regiment, 1 corps engineer battalion and 2 divisional 
engineer battalions were available. However, the construction of the 
pile-bent bridge must have taken at least 24 hours. 





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15 o 2ho excrcica v/as used to train the headquarters and troops at aray 

level on the following subjects? 

A 0 ■i'l training and detraining. 

B. -'Stablic linont areas and movements from and to these areas by 

headquarters during limited periods of time. 

Go Handling of logistical problems by transportation offices and 
testing of the operational and structural capacity of the rail- 
road system o 

Do Motor movements on highways and roads over great distances in- 
volving problems of fuel supply. 

T?. c Lateral movements in the combat zone by large artillery units 
moving through other troops involving traffic control problems. 

F. Liver defense and delaying actions in successive positions* 

G. Defense of strong points* 

Ho Bridge building* with emphasis on time and rapid river crossings 
by largo concentrated element So 

I. Pursuit following penetration. 

ft cannot be determined whether the headquarters and troops 
involved were able to cope with these problems successfully. 


.16. However* the information on the engineer training in river crossing 
which had already been emphasized in 1951 and was described in para- 
.praph 3 of the present roport allows the following conclusions x 
The source xAi o reported on budges* stated that five bridges were 
built during one night and were dismantled until 15 October* when the 
exercise was probably completed.^ The construction of the pile-bent 
bridge and the underwater foot, bridge on piles was extremely fast and 
was probably accomplished that rapidly because of criticism by boviet 
Marshal I.II. Konev* who in 1951* had reprimanded the sane engineer 
units at the same sector of the blbe Liver for slowness. The command- 
ing engineer officers Liay* therefore* have felt compelled to estab- 
lish record times this year. In support of this conclusion, it was 
repeartedly reported by sources ttiat the engineer units concerned 
trilled in the came placos on the Llbe Liver sector during the summer 
training periods* 6 


1. 


Comment* 

See Annex 1. 

25X1 A 2 ' 
3. 


Momenta 

Bee Annex 2. 


Comment. 

bee ^nnex 3* 



Comment* 

Bee Annex lu 

V * 


Comment 0 

f»eo Annex 5° 

< 

Uo 


2 OillMBRt o 

.voe Annex 6 for a list of reports, on which this 


study is based. 


7. 

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25X1 A 


Annex 1 


- 1 - 


Trains of the Gighth Gds Army and t he IV Arty Corps during the Period from 
"l io 10 October,/ ' ~ 

The information is based on reports by throe sources.' 


Shipeentr~&ocard Humber 


75M through 753h7 


753l;8 through 75350 
756lh through 75616 


Unit Untraining 

Area 

U/i Arty brig of the Ghrdruf 

XXVIII Gds lltz Rifle 

Corps 


20th Gds I.Ieez Div 


Ghrdruf 


1*97 th AAA Regt (US) Ghrdruf 
of the XXVIII Gds 
lltz Rifle Corps 


Huiabor of 
Trains 


75620 through 75623 


7562U though 75633 
7 563 h through 75642 


756U3 through 7565b 


75651; through 75659 


3^th Gds lltz Rifle Ghrdruf 
Div 

20th Gds Lees l)iv Ctoclruf 

Hq units of the Ohrdruf 

XXVIII Gds Ilts Rifle 

Corps 

20th 'Gds Ilocs Div Ghrdruf 

Hq units of Hie XXIX Kisenach 

Gds lltz Rifle Corps 

57th Gds lltz Rifle Eisenach 

Div 

21st Gds ilecs Div Loss a 


) h9 trains 
) to home 
) stations 
) 


10 ) 


75660 through 75683 
7568)4 through 75687 


75688 through 75693 
7569!t through 75699 
75701 tlirough 75702 


20th Gds Ilecz Div Ohrdruf 

Hq units of the Ghrdruf 

XXVIII Gds lltz Rifle 

Corps 

20th Gds Uecz Div Ohrdruf 

21st Gds Ilecz Div Los a a 


57 th Gds lltz Rifle 
Div . 


Risenach 


2h ) 


75703 through 75705 


75706 through 75707 


Hq units of the XXIX Risen ach 
Gds lltz uifie Corps 

39 th Gds Lltz Rifle Div Chrdxmf 


19th Indep Gds Hngr Bad Koe sen 

Bn of the Xighth Gds 

Army 


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Annex 1 

- 2 - 


Shipment-Bee nr d number Unit Entraining dumber of 

Area Trains 


7571 9 through 75722 

13th AAA Div loir.iar 

u ) 

) 

i ) 

75606 

91st Sis hegt (US) ./eiuar 


of the Eighth uds 

) 


Army 

) 

) 

1 ) 61i trains 

75607 

£3d Sic Bn (US) of Ohrdruf 


the aaVIII Uds Htz 

) to the 


Eifle Corps 

) Lessau- 
) wiesenburg 

75865 

880th Em:r Bn of Templin 

1 ) area 


the XXVIII Ids Xtz 

) 


r.ifle Corps 

) 

\ 

75732 through 75725 

12Uth Hv How Arty Brandenburg 

h ) 


Brig (US) of the 

) 


IV Arty Corps 

) 

) 

2 ) 

75736 through 75737 

2£th IlL Brig of the Promnitz 


IV Arty Corps 

) 

) 

2 ) 

751/76 through 751/77 

'.elements of the 3Uth Arty Tanger- 

... iv of the IV *‘rty Corps huette 

) 

) 

1 ) 

75601/ 

Elements of the 3k th Arty Stendal 


Div of the IV Arty Corps 

) 


Total 

61/ 


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Annex 2 

- X - 


T r ains oTjjfto eighth Cds Ar m y and the VJ Arty 0orp3 ,.e turning frcia the 
bossau-wjpsenburg Area to t.’ieir ilcme stations 
the Period from 16 to 19 October 1952 . 

The 1 :k. ormation Is based on reports by six sources* 


S hiP*ent-Rec 0 rd Runber Unit straining Area Number of 


75035 through 75915 

20th Ods ’fecz Div 

ciesar-h^lten-* 
grab ow 

31 

75916 through 75930 

39 th Cds lit a Rifle 
Div 

0i5th Gds hngr lin 

Lindau 

heinsdorf ) 

15 

75931 through 75933 

220th ilv Tank fil> 

Regt of the eighth 
Qds Array 

Dedlitz 

3 

75931; through 759 aO 

21st uds hecz Div 

IJedliiz 

7 

759U. through 7591,6 

39th C3ds i’tz Rifle 

4v 

Loburg 

6 

759W through 75955 

IV Art ?j Corps 

Loburg 

9 

7 5956 through 75950 

U/i urty ^rig of tho 
XXVIII Gds L'tz Rifle 
Corps 

Delzig 

*5 

75959 til rough 75962 

13th AAA Div 

Delsig 

h 

75963 

U/i Arty brig of the 
XXVIII Qds Iltz J.ifle 
Corps 

^elzig 

1 

75961* 

Army troops of the 
! »ighth Gds Army 

belzig 

1 

7 5961* 

tlq unit of the XXVIII 
vj-qs Iltz I'-iflo Corps 

-elzig 

1 

75967 

316 th itL Ixegt of the 
XXVIII Qds ntz Rifle 
Corps 

Belzig 

1 

75970 

unidentified unit 


1 

75971 through 75973 

30tIi(?X Amy AT Arty 
Drig of tho eighth 

Gds Amy 

-elzig 

3 

75971* 

19 th Iniep hdo Tingr 

Bn ot* the Cighth 

Gds Amy 

Aken 

1 


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Annex 2 

- 2 ~ 


3hipment-Kec or d Humber 


75075 through 75999 


75001 through 75002 


75001* through 75011; ) 

except 75005 ) 

75016 through 75027 ) 

except 75022 ) 

75035 


Unit Entraining Area Humber of 

_ _ Trains 

57 th Ckls Alt 2 Kifle Wiesenburg— 25 

Biv and Hq units of berbst 

the XXIX Odo Mtz 

Kifle Corps (Kngr 

Units Kleins dor f) 


U/i Arty Brig of the Zerbst 2 

XXIX Gds Ktz Kifle 

Corps 

IV Arty Corps Loburg-Altengrab ovr- 10 

Kagdeburg 13, 


G80th Engr Bn of the ^iscenburg I 

XXVIII Gds I.-!tz Kifle (for Tempi in) 


Corps 


Total 136 


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