Skip to main content

Full text of "De Facto Government Scam, Form #05.043"

See other formats


DE FACTO GOVERNMENT SCAM 





“The Beast” 
(Political Rulers of the World, Rev. 19:19) 


De Facto Government Scam 1 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


DEDICATION 


“For the mystery of lawlessness is already at work; only He [God] who now restrains will do so until He is taken out of the 
way. And then the lawless one [Satan] will be revealed, whom the Lord will consume with the breath of His mouth and 
destroy with the brightness of His coming. The coming of the lawless one [Satan] is according to the working of Satan, with 
all power, signs, and lying wonders, and with all unrighteous deception among those who perish, because they did not receive 
the love of the truth, that they might be saved [don’t be one of them! ]. And for this reason God will send them strong delusion 
[from their own government], that they should believe a lie, that they all may be condemned who did not believe the truth but 
had pleasure in unrighteousness.” 

[2 Thess. 2:3-17, Bible, NKJV] 








"And I heard another voice from heaven [God] saying, 'Come out of her [Babylon the Great Harlot, a democratic state full 
of socialist, government-worshipping idolaters, non-believers, and luke-warm Christians], my people [devoted Christians], 
lest you share in her sins, and lest you receive of her plagues. For her sins have reached to heaven, and God has remembered 
her iniquities. Render to her just as she rendered to you, and repay her double [Exodus 22:7] according to her [Satan’s 
WHORE] works [of THEFT, DECEPTION, and IDOLATRY]; in the cup which she has mixed, mix double [Exodus 22:7] for 
her. In the measure that she [Satan’s WHORE] glorified herself and lived luxuriously [using a government “benefit” check 
paid for with STOLEN loot that injures your neighbor rather than loves him/her], in the same measure give her torment and 
sorrow; for she says in her heart, ‘T sit as queen, and am no widow, and will not see sorrow.’ Therefore her plagues will 
come in one day—death and mourning and famine. And she will be utterly burned with fire, for strong is the Lord God who 
judges her [and ALL who obey, associate with, or subsidize her]." 

[Revelation 18:4-8, Bible, NKJV] 











"Do you not know that friendship with the world is enmity with God? Whoever therefore wants to be a friend [“‘citizen”’, 
“resident”, “taxpayer”, “inhabitant”, or "subject" under a king or political ruler] of the world [or any man-made kingdom 
other than God's Kingdom] makes himself an enemy of God. " 

[James 4:4, Bible, NKJV] 








“You shall make no covenant [contract or franchise] with them [foreigners, pagans], nor with their [pagan government] 
gods [laws or judges]. They shall not dwell in your land [and you shall not dwell in theirs by becoming a “resident” in the 
process of contracting with them], lest they make you sin against Me [God]. For if you serve their gods [under contract or 


agreement or franchise], it will surely be a snare to you.” 
[Exodus 23:32-33, Bible, NKJV] 











"Pure and undefiled religion before God and the Father is this: to visit orphans and widows in their trouble, and to_keep 
oneself unspotted from the world [the obligations and concerns of the world]. " 
[James 1:27, Bible, NKJV] 








"You shall have no other gods [including political rulers, governments, or Earthly laws] before Me [or My commandments ]." 
[Exodus 20:3, Bible, NKJV] 


"All systems of government suppose they are to be administered by men of common sense and common honesty. In our 
country, as all ultimately depends on the voice of the people, they have it in their power, and it is to be presumed they 
generally will choose men of this description: but if they will not, the case, to be sure, is without remedy. If they choose 
fools, they will have foolish laws. If they choose knaves, they will have knavish ones. But this can never be the case until 


they are generally fools or knaves themselves, which, thank God, is not likely ever to become the character of the American 
people." [Justice Iredell] (Fries's Case (CC) F Cas No 5126, supra.) 
[Ludecke v. Watkins, 335 U.S. 160; 92 L.Ed. 1881, 1890; 68 S.Ct. 1429 (1948) ] 








"Did you really think that we want those laws to be observed?" said Dr. Ferris. "We want them broken. You'd better get it 
straight that it's not a bunch of boy scouts you're up against - then you'll know that this is not the age for beautiful gestures. 
We're [a corrupted government] after power and we mean it. You fellows were pikers, but we know the real trick, and 


you'd better get wise to it. There's no way to rule innocent men. The only power any government has is the power to crack 
down on criminals. Well, when there aren't enough criminals, one makes them. One declares so many things to be a 


crime that it becomes impossible for men to live without breaking laws. Who wants a nation of law-abiding citizens? 





What's there in that for anyone? But just pass the kind of laws that can neither be observed nor enforced nor objectively 


De Facto Government Scam 2 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 





interpreted - and you create a nation of law-breakers - and then you cash in on guilt. Now, that's the system, Mr. Rearden, 
that's the game, and once you understand it, you'll be much easier to deal with." 
[ ] 


Watch the following movie clip of Satan describing his WICKED agenda 


___ VANITY=PRIDE 
(AOA MeO CRU SUA OMIM ELUM Toschi) cB) a Lot) 


Devil’s Advocate: Lawyers. What We Are Up Against 





De Facto Government Scam 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 





3 of 390 
EXHIBIT: 


TABLE OF CONTENTS 





D  FREPO AUCTION savicininsssntsdencicwnsvonstiaiigntssnscansnastusastessnesusndscenseanssguncanedossuesteaanaasdavesenanednniassesseeenidenssetaees OO 
2 Why the De Facto Government was created: Reason for the Treason ...........sccsscccssssscssseeees DD 
3 Method of Discrediting the Very Damaging Information Found Herein: Government 
Deception and Propaganda ssssisicasisssccsassicccndsiassseassiissetassisanaseidisasssisdnaassissnainvestasneerieacinens 4 
4 "The Two Ty pes of Gover itn Citt aie cccccccsccsccescnssccosscsscssscotacasdodenavescsbiessdocnsceedecvecnsdcasicnssecssesadeowseass 4 
5 The first “terrorist” was a GOVERNMENT) .........scccsscssccssssscsescesssescescccsssccsscssescnsssscsesssseee tO 
6 History of corruption and corporatization of the GovernMent .............ccccsccssssccsssscsssssssssseseee FO 
6.1. Main purpose of law is to LIMIT government power to ensure freedom and sovereignty of the people........... 46 
6.2 How our system of government became corrupted: Downes v. BidWell uu... ceeceeceseessesecseeeeeeseeeceaeeneeseeneeaes 48 
6.3. Thomas Jefferson’s Warnings and Predictions Concerning the Corruption of the Government............ eee 54 
6.4 How Scoundrels Corrupted Our Republican Form of Government: With franchises...........cceeeeseesseeseeeeeneeees 60 
6.4.1 Original Design of Our Republic... eee ceseeseesecseeseceseeecesecseesecsecsecsaeeecsaecaeeaecnesseeeaseeesaecateaeeaeeaes 60 
6.4.2 Main Technique of Corruption: Introduce Franchises to replace UNALIENABLE PRIVATE 
Rights with REVOCABLE PUBLIC Statutory PRIVILEGES 0.00... eceeeeseeceeeeeceseeeceaeeeeeseeneeaes 67 
6.4.3 Graphical Depiction of the Corruption ..........eceeeeeesecsseeeceseceeesecseesecnaeeeesaecaeesecseeseesaeeeesaecateaeeaeeat® 73 
6.4.4 God's Remedy for the Corruption.........ceecesesesssessceeesecsseeecesecaeesecseeseceaeeeesaecasesecneeseenaeeeesaecateaeeaeeaes 80 
6.4.5 De Jure:V. De Facto GOvermmMent..2s:cssscsiccsiscsssssesesscsegsssassvasesdacovecssossasivacveteessessubeaiesstegssesvapeanssteveas 83 
6.5 How De Jure Governments are Transformed into Corrupt De Facto Government ...........cceeeeeteeeeteereeeeeneeees 86 
7. De Jure or Dé Facto Government? vi sccicsssccissssaccessecsscinedetcsssecasataadoossessusascatnesascostacenceaasasacewsaressessy D 
71 “De Ture'Govermment cenerally’ sic.iios.cccsncsetesveck asc anses ies vies eoesdevesteausvanss sided cat atevsadesabvoansonevessssbeebedecdentedocumaaviess 96 
7.2 Legal definition of a de jure “governMent?” ........ ct eeeeeeesseeeceseceesecseeecsaeceessecaeesecneeseesaeseesaecateeesseeeesaeeeseaeeaees 101 
TS WWGABACIO GOVERNIIIEM oicecscssecs isc esscecceodtcessdshueats seed idea voueacenscndeceayeossesayectecudaquredsscuvesonaysuessocesulesateuncecacsareessascneus 103 
7.4 What makes a “Corporation” into a De Jure “Government”? 0.0... eeeeesessceceeeceseeecesecaeesecseeseesaeeeceaeeaeeeeeaeeeeens 109 
7.5 Signs that a “government” is actually a private de facto COrpoOratiONn ......... eee eeeeseeneeeeceeeeeceeeeceaeceeeeetaeeeeens 112 
8 De Facto government is “The Beast” spoken of in the Holy Bible ..............sccsccssssssesssesseseee LT 
D De Facto OMicer DOCU -scecsssisswsccansesureincctscendeivechensansoaniaterahetsetacenscusesndacdtacsasalwesgusievecssasensenean Low 
10 How you are DUPED into illegally joining the de facto government as a public officer......124 
11 General Symptoms that you are living under a de facto governmMent............ccsscccsssscssesseeseee LID 
11.1 You have equitable rather than legal title to your property 0.0.0... eee cece ceseceeeceeeceecneeeseeeeeeeaeeeeeeseeeeeeseenas 133 
11.2 Fiat currency not backed by substance o00.... eee cece cee cseecseeeeeeeeeeeeeeseceseceaecaecaecaaecaeecaeesaeseaeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeenseenaes 135 
11.3. A perpetual state of emergency is instituted in any aspect of the way government functionS ...........: eee 136 
11.4 Government employees able to deceive with anonymity and impunity 0... cece eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeseenaes 137 
11.5 Your Identity is Routinely and Illegally Kidnapped and connected to domicile in a legislatively foreign 
Jurisdiction: federal territory: :.cv.ssiescidedecis Aieceseshvveca: Aatsstesdia Accleestbesidiacas deeiceieidi nes levee thie esas da dbeaselaeeee dence 138 
11.5.1 Domicile on government fOrMS ..........eceseeesesecseeeecseeseceseeecesecseesecseeecsaeeeesaecaeesecnesseesaeeeesaeeateseenees 139 
11.5.2 How the tax code compels choice of domicile... ee eeesessseseeneeeeceseeecesecaeeseceeeeesaeeeesaeeaeeaeenees 145 
11.5.3 How the Legal Encyclopedia compels choice Of COMICie ....... eee eee eesseeeeeseceeeeeeeeeeeaeeeeeaeeaees 147 
11.5.4 How governments compel choice of domicile: Government ID .0....... eee eeeeeeeeeeeeneeeeceeeeeeeeeenees 148 
11.5.5 Private employers and financial institutions compelling FALSE choice of domicile ................... 155 
11.6 Widespread ignorance of the law by populace manufactured in the public/government school system.......... 157 
11:7. ‘Légall Profession Fascist. ::ivscsictsscssuiste pits c oven, sexeidienastes innit einai ce ee ee aa eee 161 
12 Illegal abuse of Franchises by the Government: The Engine of Abuse and Conversion to a 
De Facto Govermimitit va niacikcttoncnncunincaivinunnacniueniciinnianuinnnd Oe 
12.1 Legal mechanism by which commerce is abused to create inequality and servitude .0....... eee ee eeeeeeeeeeee 165 
12.2 Most government franchises are offered as “unconscionable contracts” with unjust and usurious terms........ 176 
12.3. Why all the government’s franchises are administered UNJUSTLY and FRAUDULENTLY....... eee 178 
De Facto Government Scam 4 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 





12.4 Compelled participation in franchises against those civilly domiciled outside the exclusive jurisdiction of the 


government offering the franchise is an act of INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM ......... cc ceeecseseseeeeeeeeneeeeenees 181 
12.5 Franchises are abused to UNLAWFULLY create statutory government “employees” or “officers”’............... 184 
12.5.1 “Public Office” v. “Public OffiCer” oo... ee eeecseeeecneeeeceseeeeesecseesecseeeecsaeeecssecaeesecsessessaseeeaeeateaeenees 197 
12.5.2 Deliberately confusing who the “taxpayer” is to facilitate MISREPRESENTING the nature of the 
TAR scsdescssdecevssces seccesaviseseacaitedes dosssces chevesuedess couse seecesdvavestecedustes duceed¥ecvanecosdessedescuinedesdessstessneeesvedusencess 200 
12.5.3 Legal Requirements for Occupying a “Public Office” oo... ee eeeeeceseeeeeecseeecseeeeeeaeeeeeaeeaeeaeenees 202 
12.5.4 De Facto Public Off1CerS ...... eee eeeeeeeeecsseeecesecseesecneesecsaeeeesaecseeseeseesecsaeeeeaecaeesecsesseeeaeeeesaeeateeeeners 214 
12.6 The Government Protection Racket: Privilege Induced Slavery ..........ecceecescesecssecseecseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeseenaes 220 
12.6.1 The Social Compact or “protection COMtIACt” oo... ee ecceseeceteceeeeecseeeecaeeeesaecaeesecnetseesaeeeeeaecateaeenees 222 
12.6.2 God forbids participation in the government “protection racket’’/franchise ...........eseeeeeeseeeeenees 225 
12.6.3 How corrupt governments abuse privileges and franchises to destroy rights that they were created 
TO PLOLECE .c..5.c:ssssstsbcesetcesseccussseevonsddncebhbedeacderdacesnbeys lepied daesoane beevevaedacdsdesieco subesbessoseseovatenbnesbenesnsae sts 226 
12.6.4 Example: IRS privilege induced slavery..........ccescssssccsseesceseceeesecceseceeeecsaeeeessecaeeseeseeeeeeaeeeseaeeaees 227 
12.6.5 Example: Privilege induced slavery using licenses to practice laW ........ ee eeeeeeeeeeeeseeeeceseeeeeeeenees 228 
12.7 Inequities between government and private franchises which lead to abuse and oppression .............:ceeeeeeees 229 
12.8 Biblical Explanation of How Judges and Prosecutors and Government Use Franchises to Plunder and Enslave 
You231 
12.9 Franchises implemented as trusts are the vehicle used to compel you to become the “straw man” ..............0. 240 
12.10 Compelled participation in franchises and licensed activities 10.0... ees eeeeseesseseceeeeeeseeeceaecatesecneeeeesaeeeseaeeaees 244 
12.10.1 Consent to participate 1s Mandatory... cece eeeseeecsseeeeeseeeeesecseesecseeeeceaeeeesaecaeesecneseeesaeeeeeaeeateaes 245 
12.10.2 Effect of compelled participation in franchises 0.0.0... ceesesesesecseesecseeeeceaeceessecaeesecneeeesaeeeeeaeenteaes 250 
12.10.3 How government hides the requirement for CONSENE «0... ceeeceeeeceeeeeceseeecesecaeesecueeeeenaeeecaeeateaes 255 
12.11 The Government “Benefits” Scam... ee eceseesceseceeeseceseeecesecaeesecseeseesaeeeessecaeesecneeseesaeeecaecatesesseeeseasenseaeeaees 257 
12.11.1 It is unlawful to use the government’s taxing power to transfer wealth or subsidize “benefits” to 
PELVALS POLSON oii secs Hadecseciileselaces ceive dapeasdd hdecdea da sbeel sel tAichs NeWiesslasieadisties lawned dehesontaners 258 
12.11.2 | Why the only persons who can legitimately participate in government “benefits” are government 
officers and Employees: x. iiss: Hecietscaave cas cscusteanie secs ceed baciate ea Sevac tactic hi dlaeaeie olde cadlavbigisldeereaMeeacs 263 
12.11.3. All government “benefits” amount to private business activity that is beyond the core purposes of 
BOVERMMENE es ossicises ccc tudes sdvshssscedsncsensessvareodi ccs sadetancevestsensgestucesss Ueivcaushtccusk cabeseeasteusveesvncadestshuvecedl toews 273 
12.114 “Benefits” defined wa. :c.cisc ede sidsieei aad oui Aesidi dae eniges pte debe di As isda dices 275 
12.12 How franchises are used to destroy equal protection that is the foundation of the Constitution and all free 
BOVEMIMIENE oi cbsscects¥ices Hatetaceasecces Metsecdehavevehcopssccsstsceved discs taleabusecbetscasndespkceensbevevadesbe caus deseveseshtceseaUursccusatecsaecsseers 279 
12.13 Hiding Methods to Terminate Participation in the Franchise 00.0.0... eeeeeeseceeceeecseecseeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseenseenaes 284 
12.14 How the Courts attempt to illegally compel “nontaxpayers” into “franchise courts” and deprive them of due 
PROCESS icc dyetuiti cos teeecncuebiciathevesnceustusvvastentcessisntevheds sissies Gucwonsnes thpasssscundetedtnaaide cdssiscsasedcessbesienbenvadevsades vbnnusnds ouesieedenuaets 286 
12.14.1 Congress Cannot Pass a law to Compel those who are not Franchisees to Litigate in a Franchise 
COUT sesh soe cveeG ul cticicsscvenysbined Seoivseeachsasnbsuseusehsveediebastelunaeadeved basivenesshhvbabuadunansneseavosdioures eee 286 
12.14.2 | How Courts Unlawfully Compel Nontaxpayers into Franchise Courts ............sssescesesseeeeeeeneeees 288 
13 Evidence of 2 de facto legislature .cccsscccssusssnssssvsssvsonnsstcssevssevosensseeconsssenevesennesvennssveenesenseveensuevensns2ee 
13.1 Undefined or ambiguous legal “terms” in acts of Congress delegate undue discretion to government employees 
ANG JUDRES ss sestssseseesicesbedsttsseisbacseus sana soabesncseusdessosabesasbeussdbassnsens ces vesagenpabedseseuesapbapsseaiesyHensgazenseaansenseopeashseapespases 289 
13.2 Manipulation and Oppression of the Judicial Branch oo... ec eceseesessecseeeecneeeecseeeeeaecaeesecseeseesaeeeceaecaeeeesaeeeeens 291 
13.3. No Constitutional courts and only franchise courts for settling disputes.......... cess eeeesecseeeececeeeceeeeeteseeseeeeens 292 
13.4 Statutory Presumptions that Injure Rights... eee ceeeeeeeeceeeceeceseceaeceaecsaecseecaeeeaeseaeseeeeeeeeeseneeesaeenaes 296 
14 Evidence Of de Tate COUrs scacssscessccsrcciniasesesascdvass esareasien Grids weanearaeanaiodmaneeanae OO 
PASE MS HACIO UG GCS: occ cccevececauccectestecqetcscucieecaducncaceeteaceaiaceceeeceacceées tuvnct sacnonciascastctesag cater ntvcccecachguceeaceaeice tesecasiecnecetss 299 
14.2 Judges giving themselves discretion to substitute their will for what the law Says ........sceeeeeseeceteereeeeeneeeeeee 302 
14.3. Interference by Corrupt Franchise Judges with use of common law and equity by litigants... eee 304 
14.4 Judges being franchisees or having a conflict Of Interest... ese eee cee eeeesecseeeeceeeecsaeeeeaecaeesesseeecsaeeeseaeeaees 311 
14.5 Abusing Sovereign Immunity to Protect and Expand Private Business Interests and Unlawfully Expand Federal 
DUPISAICHLOM ss: esses san55ses ca cakes ondbts Se chee daes ta bees snevesda deahe (cbse dueteelebeGcanctbessabeus envesodospnaksldessdsedaesnupatbes enbiabsatbabeceetees 314 
14.6 Condoning unlawful federal enforcement actions by ignoring the requirement for implementing enforcement 
HE SULA OMS sz 5cce2sane 23.05) ue den sacnbbsinayediatscnbceschotesdncqauu sacestssdesvashezscveinsiasendetbinsbues tous ashe taeosbsddacsouse das seeaabiosbameeesee 323 
1S Evidence of We Bacto Tax Sy SUCMii siicccsiscceecesccveccedscaencescstenencseaansaacsneceensceersanisinesainentanenteesianenn ee 
15.1 How the tax system is being abused in violation of law to STEAL from people the government is supposed to 
be Protects so. iis hates hee eee aeel ad Hobo ould esd havacas Ble naedate socaoen diana aime des cede aaeianeeysaabietis 325 
De Facto Government Scam 5 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


15.2 Financial institutions and private businesses acting as public office recruiters ......... ec eeeeeeeeeeeseeeeceeeeeeeeeenees 335 
15.3. The “Tax Code” is the Bible of this state-sponsored Religion that only obligates those who consent............. 338 


16 Evidence of de facto executive Dranclhh ...........ccccccccccscscssscscscssscscscscscscscssscscccscscscssscscscscscsescssseses DOF 


16.1 Selective enforcement used to protect de factos and persecute those OPPOSING it ........ eee eeeeeeeeeteeeeeeeeeeeeee 354 
16.2 County recorders refusing to file private contracts or anything other than statutory... eeeeeeeeseeeeeeeeneeeeee 357 
16.3 Refusal to or omission in recognizing or protecting private rights ..........cceecseeeceeeseceseeeceseceeeseeneeseceaeeeeeaeeaees 358 


BT COTATI IRS scsiscxisatcecacscacecatsciuiiacscaivcansoavcraescsincenixutnranseis nee seaeseni ee ae aera oan aera OOD 
18 Resources for Further Study and Rebuttal ................cccsssscssssscsssssccsssccssssscssssssssssssssssscssssssssses SOO 
19 Questions that Readers, Grand Jurors, and Petit Jurors should be asking the 


GOVELIINEN cvcccccsiciccccsccéccoesscéovoesecéovcessscoosesscéoeoeséssoenesscéoecesscdecstecdovcesscécesesssdcesssssscssetecéeosetssséeesess SOO 





LIST OF TABLES 


Table 1: Effect of turning government service into a franchise... ee seeeesesecsseeeeesecseesecneeeecsaeeecaecaeeseeseeseesaeeeesaeeaseasenees 94 
Table 2: "De jure government" and "De Facto Private corporation” COMpared ...........cseeeeeeeceeseeeceseceeesecaeeseeneeeeeaeeeeeaeens 116 
Table 3: Example forms that determine domicile... cee ceeeeeesecsseescesecseesecseesecsseensaecaeesecaeescenaeeeesaecaessesaeeaeenaeenesaeeaeaeeas 143 
Table:4> “‘Twovmethods for tax atl omic. .csa:seecehetesscyecssentenars canbe assactbasvarssdesutses sass yeds Vaeraievensa tans beateasvolavbe Apeesiepienstasroeneehcveibes 187 
Table 5: Statutory remedies for those compelled to act as public officers and straw MAN ...........e ees essesecseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeaeens 216 


Table 6: Rules for converting private property to a public use or a public OffICE oo... eee eeeeseeeceaeceeeecaeeeeeneeeneeaeeeeaeens 252 
Table: 7* Twovmethods for tax ations -ssssccscseaiss ests uacs sesvsiars vas thcezeansactecougics susteasbaseeyadssubeniesehsn snp estessvelavbe avaseuies sans taesbencebcvensss 262 
Table 9: Comparison of Franchise Court to Constitutional Court.........ccceeeeceescsseeceesesseesecseeseesaeeecsaecasesecaeeseenaeenesaeeneaeens 293 
Table 10: Comparison of Republic State v. Corporate State 20... eesssesecseeesceseeeeesecseesecseeseesaeeecsaecesesesseeseesaeenesaeeneeaeeas 307 
Table 11: Rules for converting private property to a public use or a public OFFICE oe ee eeeeeteeeceseceeeseeseeseeseeeecsaeeeeaeens 331 
Table 12: Comparison of Political Religion v. Christianity ........ ccc cccecsesecseeeeceseeseesecseesecsaeecesaeceessecsesseeneeeeeeaeceesaesateaeens 345 


LIST OF FIGURES 


Figure 1: De Jure Hierarchy of Sovereignty... ssesecseesecsseeeceseeseesecseesceseesecsaeeessecaeesecneescesaeeeesaecaeesesseseeeaeeeesaeeateaeenees 65 
Figure 2: Graphical depiction of the process Of COPTUPtiON .........eceeeecesecseeeecseeeecseeeeesecaeesecneesecsaeeeesaecatesesseeseesaeeeesaeeaeeaeenees 74 
Figure:3: Our present SOCIALIST OliSarchy. sisee.ceecss sc sisssecsgatessssiesneesescesosedeusacnsuevebesaisebessbsesnebadnederssnavebeseisesbeosesssaesesanaes 78 
Figure: 4) Internal Revenue: License... fe.csps5sss vaceveecei st oxtvbucpsancznsssusaviovbe.canshssnetans caveabeehtn vite testnucs Gude speuseaieodenstesebeneed ense: 248 
Figure: 5: (Back of Social Security: Catt sxe. cciesss3 sacs sisgeistessesncpsecenessuenviesdescenshaunebacs puncatevsite eptessnscboietbe apehtalies ens aes decabcsenses 336 


TABLE OF AUTHORITIES 


Constitutional Provisions 


Art. 80, Sect. 14... sasudacecsduvaeaaccnde hecewusaeeanendesacssesescese atesaa ssusetacseudessaguusetee sends boncetestscav anos oouecdheasude aocectoesaassadecanscuemsimnentec 2 LO 
Art. II, Sec. 1.. ba daudacdeceuesahagsudacoccdasseguaeuessecevesetic ucndsensasuenuddecaeesbassteotaceeugaseca sa conde seugeeieeGteeticacesemocesnceatusiniee OU O 
Art. III, Sect, 4(D) (governor. a hee ueyedeadt fa eas anes cue sunsacoeas tes cicaundenecgunceciaguatetoerateceiaacedeanaeceesaiueatseese ernie eres e nea IO 
Art. V, Sect. 10... doeecueisiessatsnecceneceiesszsecccceuceaseseuteddeestessigasucucarceucsessecnceneccctesauaecucesccssusens 216 
Article 1, Section ‘10... eoaceudens caetsenteuchseeanesuccacescceans sasuecceescatsassccnessisivesttecceescescesutacecd! _ 139, 245, 247, 359, 369 
Article 1, Section 10, Canes 1. east end danse aioe desea seussiiessuesuisacesaosvseessihssuiaeiessuesstacsuczueessuesvinssuiavesseeessiazsous aes .. 135 
Article 1, Section 8, Clause 3.. eau es iach au nesiuexsinseesauiesseesuisesusauossiesseiassutteosisevsviacsuciesessessvieesuaees: _ 187, 262, 365 
Article 1, Section 8, Clauses 1 anid 3. sacs ccisecscteek hatcutde seh toner ed aeidcsuastanieia cheatlaelevaadti aint tie oat 
Article 1, Section 8. Clause Dice sate cee tach deste tect tek etsethiesecdeteven tardettctearnkd ise start tetrttestddeiase etait 4 
Article 1, Section 8; Clause 5 .....6.::..cicesscesssesessoovessvsvesseucsseveseesvvseseedsvvesessevssvessveeseesevessueseveesesnvsesenssvosseessssssassvsesensnessssessene OD 





De Facto Government Scam 6 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Article 1, Section 9, Clause 8 .........cccccescccccessessssscecccecsessaesecececsessaascesececeeseaaecesececeessaaeeeseesceesenseaeeeeeens 108, 178, 353, 359, 369 





ATIC Calls SOCOM NOs Ais Soctcadecasvacevcasseceucsanashvcads cveuesavacausanseseueaundandends saausanea davsnsaveeutaanainuneds auevesanaduvoutiauaviees teuceetsaganseestenions 360 
Article 4, Section 3, Clause:2 ....c:iiccccssesssessvssecevessseveoevssevevevesavevevssncevesdsucbousddevevavesavevivdsvcevesdsuveousdsuccvesebecsvovssevens 115, 128, 129 
Article 4, S@CHOIN A... :.scccccssccicccessscesssedccdess sod ccssccessventsdsisceiesssaveddodaceodssctnesodagecessssccccddoasaesnde cede ouceceasscanscesedeess 54, 60, 165, 182 
PATUICIS Dy S CCUOM NO oss c2vedosstadvsonsacsccnsscedutsdeainusacsdeaudansaae soncteedueeauk an esos tac udausaauu sass cedudededanusnestaaudansageseueiaadededeasavteesdeauerssigavess 216 
ATICIS 7 SCCHOM [icccsseviecees tedccvesavicesaiiendcesestevuctis tudecsesauivededcedes36s Sei ahs te esvenauacsaigedeetesteiu as teieesesiviveaeieede Bei teie aa nteiaetendeieadd 216 
PRTG Ig fete cs ccnccesaaceccaas¥ocscessne coca anece sea ce cecetasetecdescatscsseaneasenctos suse cst eaudasaea suet anaceusgsa ce cect sak oes sedanscetenssci ace eteteem eed teeos 88, 289, 293 
Article I, Section 9, Clause 8.0..........ccccccccccccsesessseseseseseseseseseceseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseeesesesesesesesecesesesesereseseseseseseseseeeneeens 359 
Article III........... 54, 90, 94, 115, 129, 165, 216, 217, 218, 219, 278, 287, 288, 289, 291, 293, 299, 302, 309, 310, 364, 381 
Amt Cle. TUT: SO CUO D9 is cosscarss satvsadeadsdonsdegices as daudunsavavdaandan denen ceadeoutiaiusiesdadvdsnsidedeabeasiudsns isk edocs duacdausdsioesusaudubiavagandeeiastvasestsavées 216 
STACI LY. ecssce ccvatnscacesskecssesosceeesacceseasteeceta dan ecatncetesutenstaunencieetane hae eater ae 54, 88, 90, 165, 179, 293, 309, 310, 321, 364 
PATANCIE PY 2S OCU 22 caccsscoccsasvaucecennaceseasteecatacan cca sececatesenseae sence ce tetecadaenes sae dncansadencaateucatisnercecitaceh sea sadesaeananecisisd senate hanson 216 
PRTUIC OSV SOCUIONEA ss 2.5 ho chess cals Sez cea tes a tuuec tet vectsun ace cedssspnet ess ucmesdecobebsnserosersz snuntob se ncesalobanubeanccaoetebonente bas tebestencestectecees 284 
PTUICIO Nl SOCOM 2 me, eet Foes chs cies oetwcacante uae fees vantaceustene casenecntecsoedcsconanevuessiecauevenbsnns ceeds aevanee ticvale ten snuntones eee sceeverteteeses 216 
Article: VIL; Section:9 (Gud Pes) cacce.so.cesnsutesdecnusctubaespeiieselnesacosshvbdesovecsncnunbe iosse¥ecoheustonssaneuicsaeveubebiersUegspepsusenacselesbasesgbadeceses 218 
Articles: Tain DV’ s:223 .5.5253cccieitseoastvasev ove iosevnnpssiavedessosvnep suena oa svaneveses desea svengs eves sobevengssasdededssobopseusedslogesbopsere sdedsnboaeousnsi Seas 90 
Articles of Confederation, Article VI ............ccccccccsssccecsssceceesseeecesseeccesseeececsaeeecessaececseseceesseeecnsaseceessseeceesaeesenssaeesenseseseeaes 359 
Bill:Of RI git f.05.c25c205 300d essvedtetvaniavh is teceg coesdnadesatessasoaabidacsedsdageasenaseeseeeneae 41, 70, 165, 180, 188, 263, 280, 281, 298, 307, 322 
Const? Arts US eC 2. (ClAUSE. 3 aves ssibsseccsssless.covedeetseatadsecsnedeetusehsneueetecensemobbeaccieecebiaebabactccedtessdanGes case debestustbescasnadesoosocee 75, 76 
Const: Ait; 1, Sect: 9s Clavse:4 iiss; scyececessaiess.vovecestssabadenvsie leacssosessucevecdaeopobssesesti cabsssnsascessuessebeaessbneslese dapevustscssoaeadsaseenones 715, 76 
OTIS E PANE OCU ce ectck fcc, oot Pecieatess vsete cetcnssess sn pededeetstatasswestcdenceaeyeneuccmacescetons cies eaittacecscuieebsateseksieeseoedeseneneeseckateceereeeleeeetes 322 
Const, Amt: 94H oe. inate sieiavacestasnbetiaasnecedeanulasdedenecdasviuladsous'ilaneda lop sasssecvassabevbeaaleleehenndabieseusccatsebavesasstensueneasso nedeclosaatatonssee 218 
Const: AMICle Ay SECON Wl. .c2.4..245ssobedeteschhessevoveceetesabadenn'eedsncesesencusabeceaesbos beers GscagesoussssecistedpseeebsisueeGecepsuenbesdensvessareeanetecsse 216 
Const: ATMICle: Te Sect On Oe, gs cciesse sees tStcschdistavecderscabednunisie lebepsodeocucetucdacsnobuveensescodssebbussecies2aceoubereusebedebeneubese ceavvesaraestelseesss 216 
Const: Article ISOC O18 ics desssecaceis eh bess cacaselsk dadeistan vanes sas vboessvavabelacs dadetSvevanes dua vacessusvapelavhsadeianvapesduavadersenvabelaebiadeibeevanaiens 219 
Const:, Article 2; Section 04 Qe@islature) scccscicsiiccsssccscaniacse coed tusveccbacecadetbseses steceesectaccecsduavussdebicaveacdeseatesaacevcactacee odvibeesecbact 218 
Const: Amicle 22 Section, leiscsesscivicstecacadessuyecdaiarscadelicevasetsiesdseiaeessbelactiadeldvevaselelachiarseiagdianbiadelbcsvasel siavadeuseesbelactiadeibeaveodions 219 
Const: Amicle2 SSeCH O19 isca5e.s ss cncleks accsauedsnciaens ade svevanei sis casei taste dlavasadea tea vanessa chee seteandiaibaades tea vasel aeae ead eee 217 
Const: Amicle’3;, Section: lO x3 c.i2ovccchstss idesseeeagciavsiadel aavcsel es cadaisenvabdlast adele vasel ola doas hassle added 216 
Const: Article 3; Section V3 \QUd ges )s. 2 sccssevscteateesdenescveartstesaeck tick sebsocdeate stesonsteadesd eaves disiocsdeubsceeaniets bobbed Aalsesieateeveations 217 
Const: Amicle:3;- SecuOn: 33 224s acssclessideiaeseagciavbiadel avs set eis vadeiaeesabdlastiadsldadeascletacisareiassianbaadsl eased ead re 219 
Const: Article 4, ‘Part 2; Section: 4 3:53 cisesesaciaves ade sisvssevais vavcidustaidlavavades dis vanesein ches seeeandiaievades daa vaser evaded etaselaeiadeseree 216 
Const: Articlé-4, Section 06, Pata. (B) sessceccessiases ocedd cevsasaceieccteesvad shactecdeiiceueecdetsagacasvbvea senses cdsase aves Shevesdsauecvecddesesibegbeccesieds 218 
Const. Article 4, Section 30 (egislative).....ccccccscccssccocscsscsesosttvsssecbucesscctesesesstscvesechaaceccsnacuecccbicassacdssvacesbaecveaduacce cbsahvesnecbade 217 
Const: Amticle 4, S@CUOM iO a s3c.si0vscccasas joel cusaceisensadelbcevabet siacddeiigesagelates adel duevabeleiacisessehvapeiaasadelbcavaodl savageleeagelana dale eeeions 219 
Const Amiclé:4y Sect 9 scc908 5. d iss cbetdesacseleudoudec tap ovedueusbebescenadsSuevoneuddl ep aveuetocseedbusads Selsedeaseebunsse Suenetebennapacebversesvenupivedaebyes 218 
Const Amiclesd; SECO 1A 20 i. isseacbethasaceavevnesedlasseodnousderedacaedesusvovesddees svesueredsveleasage ulontseseddupsdscneseseradeepnde sucrose sedenbdvednebyes 216 
Const. AmMIClesd;, SECHON 2 si s0805 ccc. asd cbehanadsteensented lan avedienssehitevpass es eusheced ten ayabueredsnadbesnde¥denbeasatbupere iueawsesedansnde seen soe setbupseedaelyes 216 
Const ATIClEsd s. SECON 7 sevice casts descacas eeu eusaeboaiaie dvechenbbe bio evs eye sue GULCe0 Ue sve Suet Gs badeua ae vba eb dee bu ave deeb de edabaueteeh say ocBbu eee taeeeek 216 
Const <Anticle-6,, Section: 16.(Senators)i2e.cesuiiiot Sots, hte veneer awe, ae OM adie 219 
Const ATIClé-6; SECON 28 wees acs sive Stee bi usu saeSaa tae tee cena boo ces cy sue GTLCGN es dv She Gs badeuw ale VGA okie bu eee seebudeedabaue Seah sdyocsbue Aas ek 216 
Const <Article-7,.Section-4 (ExECutive) fescecrieri Sot iuse, tee ee i a, aww wes ae OM ade 219 
Const. Article:8, Section: Gud ges) 2.3 devs vieiiinner cele Wael dases ch awd eaean nadie cheb ivsaieliaey ened 219 
Const. Article I, Section Il, Para. TD... .cccccsscesccssecssssssseccesecsessscnscessessesssuscescessenssauseeseesecsesscesscsseceessrsnseceseseesssenssesseses 216 
ConstArticle IL. Sector LO vices .s4 scccsdsseniaeacesscvecsbacdessvesvesene bodersave sssvadebeddensvosuerecevadecosdedecnocs Se dvesee deereceled esioudesowrases cSbueavednebes 218 
ConstArticle: IE: Sector 12 siscs c:.cscccdssabiavacssnevnsed ed tvaave duende bodavaan'ssesvdleedtenavndun reds vedevosdsdelsnveeseldvasee dvewedeyedaumndssaeeasesebbueaveebbes 218 
Const. Article II, Section 14 (legislature) .............ccccceseesecssecscecoeecseesneesneesneesecsecseessecsaecsaecsnecseecaeeeaeeeeeeeseseneseseeeeeseseneenaes 219 
ConstoAmicle: TT, 'S CCt Ot 2 wissic vats savadessinvesesdededindasdusssdanvesabasauoos thes eddesaadusseeaavdsabasausvdedadedinbasdusseslancesdbasavaodbbededaweaaesss 217, 219 
Const: Amiele: TL, SCC Om 26 biiccccsdecvscsscssvsvecdaacddevasevssetdanvdacsssdveessdaseddovasnesoubdeaydoseesnvsovsdeacddevasusoetdgaydeassseueessdebedsovesevsvavboectes 219 
Const Amel) TS CCt Om Di sscivcsstdecvasesiasvsseedasedsovasaveeetd anveanessaueossbenedsevssnvsoutdesvdsssasauegeedancdsnvasnueoetd gavdaaesseuessblenedssvasevemstioavavs 216 
Const: Amiele TT Sect tt Wi soscciesdievsiescsscssacdancdavonsdussntdanvdacsaseusoosdescdsovssausoubdaavdsseasnusswsdea cddnveadusoutdgaudeassneussosdesedsovesavswebioavacs 218 
Const Amiele: TUL S@CtOi-2 525i ccscsdecssavsiescssevdasedtevasaveaetd anvdansssaveosblenedsovasnvsoutdenvdassasaueguedanedsnvasnusoutdgavdaassssuessblebedsevesuuemsbioavacs 217 
Const. Article III, Section 22 (legislature) ..........eecceeccessseceeccecseceeeeecsaeceeeeecsaeceeneecaaecseneecsaeceneecsaeceeeeecnaeceeeeesaeceeeeesnaeeeaee 217 
Const cAmiele: TUL SOC Oi -6 5 ioic i553 sd ss ssheasvesesdsnediavasavcontd anvdansesavoo sles edsovasuvsoutdeavdanseasusosedaned sa vasnusoubd gavdadseseuoosélebedsdveseveostooavies 219 
Const. Article III, Section 7 (legislature) ........eeceesceeccecsseceeceecsseceseeecsaeceeneecsaecesneecsaeeeeeeecsaeceeeecsaeceeeeecsaeceeeesaaeceeeeessaeeeaee 218 
ConstJAmiele: TEL S@CtrOt:8 sic scsi dadvcsesieeveosbhasedivcascucoatd anvdassssnvoonsdasudsovasavsontdanvdaseaanveowedabudsovasnvsoutd saudansssauoossbabedssvaseveestiancdes 216 
Const. Article TI, Section I, Para. PV(b) 0... cccccssssscecececeessnseceeececeessssseeceeececsesesesecececseseaaeeeeeeecsessaassecececeenenseaeeeeeees 216 
De Facto Government Scam 7 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


COnst: ATI Cle: TNE ioe 50555 schssines cased snsShenses culelons cau sues dusvanveduuvenssanledossvguduendvevanus suevensdauees syoc¥avsusndue¥anvetveversdaulelnyeedivbuesdeeedes 218 


Const. Article TV, Section 13. ...........:csescsscssesesevsvessvevevesevevsvevevevesesessvevessvecevevevsvsvevsvsvesssucevevessvsvesssscsvevebsvsvesssessvevesevssesssevens 219 
Const. Article IV, Section 14 (QOVeTMOT) 2.0... eee eesceeneecsseceeeeecnseceseeecsaeceeneecsaeceneecsaeceeeeecaeceaeecsaeceeeeecsaeceeeeessaeceeeeeenaeeeaee 217 
Const. Article LV.;, Section: 13: (QUd Se8) ssccecsseveseceiedeccesasescass coded: dot euucesecatuceusegunoaud sudusadaa secencedeunpeusadensoesouets cstsvesecsipbueesadsnees 219 
Const. Article IV, Section 2 (CX€CUtIVE)..........ccecccccessececesscecessececseseececeeeecessaeeecseaaeeeceeeeceesaeeecseaeecessaeecsesaeeeceesaeeseeneeeeeeaes 217 
Const. Article [V;, Section 2(e) (legislative): 2.4. cescesdecensaqecedss cedacedsdecusaesseeecevetyanccecsa decade deineate cudesevsdueeesscensncecsiacesdss ceineesecesveas 217 
Const. Article IV, Section 3 (Semators)..........ccccsccccssssecesssscecessececseeececseeeecesaeeecseaaeesseneeecsesaeeecseaaecessaeecseaeeecsusaeeesseeseeeeaes 218 
Const. Article IV, Section 4 (legislature) ......0 eee eeeceeceesseceeceecsseceeeeecaeceeneecsaeceeneecsaeceeneecnaeceseeecaaeceeeeecsaeceeeeesaeeeeeeeenaeeeeee 219 
Const. Article TV, Section 5 wi.....iciccccccccccceccseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseceseseseseseseseseseceseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseceseceseseseeens 217 
Const. Article TV, Section 8 wi... cccccccceseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseceseseseseeeseseseseseseseeeseseseceseseseseseeeseeeseeeeeeens 217 
Const. Article IV, Section V, Sections 3-4...........ccccccccccssseseseseseseseseseseceseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseeeeeseseceseceseseseeeseeeseseeeeees 218 
Const. Amicle V-SECt ON Th cscs fos ssiedsoaisssvesassanesvessedveses dau tenes stdudousdsevones abavdensdavedadssavdeasden caves dsdvdedsdievsnesebdvdeasdeuvonusaeiviensideveds 219 
Const. Article V, Section 17 (Gud ges): sics.:ics-ssteciatsvabssaevousssdesensessscaisedacsoabneasseuscaansosenseseveesabenubnansrodecobespisnaiesstesdassoapiaaavens 218 
Const. Article V, Section 18 (legislature)... eee eeceececsseceeceecsseceseeecaecesneecsaeceeeesueceeneecaeceeeecsaeceeneecnaeceeeessaeceeneeeaeeees 218 
Const. Article V, Section 4 (QOVEIMOTL)..........eceeececsseceeeeecseeceeneecaececeecsaeceeneecsaeceeeesaecseneecsaeceeeecsaeceeneecsaeceeeessaeeeeneeeaeeaee 219 
Const. Article V,, Section. 7 ((UOBCS) si: cacsciiesiesszecsacsnabsdenvoisscaesnbsnssscoisedasnsandoesodsenpespssessedevecdaceousndaesouecabaspsseasesetesbassoanszaasaes 216 
Const: ATICle V, SECHOIES : 5352345559625. i0boasisadeonsessnsvsopvsben ovessdepnnssoney oessnsbanpvdued eulessdebobevered moles svsvaophdben slssodebnnssereondessnssaepsneesats 216 
Const. Article V, Section 9 (Off1CC).......ccccccsccesssecssssesscecsseceeceecaeceeeecsaecseeecsaeceseeecsaecseeeecsaeceseeecsueceeeecsaeseeeeesaeseeeeeesaeeeses 218 
Const; Article V,, Section 1, S@CtiOn 3 ..;.:5:;..2ssseesessssepvenesodesezevenpsesesodessoevsoponedovlesededooevereseslesenedbopyodes ove vodebonpveresedesdossbepsoncs ays 218 
Const, Article VI, Section. 19 Qud ge) ..:....i.siscce.seubsessadieseusceasesnivedeso¥sctheunbe toseedecodeapesessspesecsabeenbibierstogenepsesetseseledSespensedeeests 218 
Const. Article VI, Section 20(D)(1) ....cccccccccssccsssecssesesscecssecseceecsaeseeeecsaecseeeecsaeceseeecsuecseeecsaeceseeecsueceeeeecsueseeeecsuesseeeessaeeeses 218 
Const. Article VI, Section 3 .............ccsssccccsccesssssssccscesessssstccccescecsessscecessocsessneuscevcesvossnauecessscesvensnsessessessssaneuesescesosssnsssceseeses 219 
Const: Amticle: VI, SOCOM az: cases sveyecciewescessesodedecsesnbsdsesecsdevandeocncatincdacsbapebeecadiscsuesuborosesedieesoevaubesaesedlssbenmutnseesobeesooventeteesses 218 
Const: Amticle: VIL. SOCtton: 9.2 2....05..ysccccveasessesovecdansonvessusiesiocsdevoed vocwsutieedacswososeenssiscdgesubenbsasedeedoevbbbeseesebiessonmsinsdesoseesossonteceess’s 217 
Const. Article VIIL,-Section: 10: (Gud es) oss :...:cecsscsccssceseacsscessesat coves shaceessstbectesssscsctssubveces dessessbibeaseoeebcasnstbbcavss cbasauaseubeevaadeads 219 
Const: Chapter Il; Sectton:S4 vic ccdccsssccsiesces david cdeatcvecidlacse soak tuevencbacscadetbevies seven ieciacdesoduetusedebhcaveacdebeiuesaaceveaciacee sbvitvecseddee 219 
Const:-Chapter: V1; ArtiGle 2 iiciaccccccittestcctucicescdveneccsksceeza dieses soctceaskedbacscadeubovces chetentocuasdecesuncssadstcceasdloeatls saseeesadiaces sovatisceesdace 217 
Const. Const. Declaration of Rights, Article 35 (Off1CEIS) .........ecesseesseesceesceesceeeeesecesecesecnaecseecaeecaeeeaeeeaeseeeeeeeeeeeeseeeeeneenaes 217 
Const. Declaration of Rights, Article 33 (JUdgeS) ...... ee eeeeeeeesceseseceseeseesecneesecsseecsaecaeesecseesecsaeecesaecaeesecaevseseasenesaeeateaeeaeeat® 217 
Const. of D:C., Article TV, Sect: 4(B) Gud ges) seccccssccseccsaceseccktcesta ctacescsesteescesstcsccssdavacescdactesteabecsen deans can cbvagvaduacaestentecseadvacs 216 
Const: Section 97-3008 sicd sesiis vcs oth sbiccudea ded Maatcadelicke ed Had chselaeived dlacasadend deesscle te slstiavereidla lade Meet Aa lablecisnieeedleceeiceesdens 219 
Consty Section 99-53-02 7 ices sessis cases ete iach ccleaies Hasteeteadeeeeceials sheehdeeeed dhacagadeitceess cle teslselivereedlavbiedoud Aseenianiecliaeeieisedaieeedens 219 
Const. Sections. 255 316.48 os.sssvascleks aicssaeeaccistes adel cavabal siusseiieeeabelatai adel cevapelelachiaiseeeasciasbiadeld avast lavddar ee gaataadelteeveeionk 216 
Constitution Article: IN 2: cies: sciiccsces i acicorasteks chee deveidcav es thane chesnd edocs sls cucaden( dusas Shevesdsediveceé dda tabedcid Gea ddauanieelssiced Shplileents Seesdhecats 88 


Declaration of Independence38, 41, 46, 54, 64, 73, 96, 101, 110, 140, 148, 159, 173, 226, 227, 268, 269, 274, 280, 281, 340, 
358, 367, 373, 389 





Declaration of Independence, 17 7.6 vcrsccsssac, Gasiseiesiwens sistes Paulson, sea haatiene, cad ibbefvees, Sanidos bina nd vba dibeelenog, baavaebontinsy aun 328 
Bederalast Paper: te 18 scsisncseosthvastesubpedebuasveageslleosasbatevenss sedwdubantveaysshce bende) sunaee cuntiodunsducwadeaulspnaslelsveagssuspedsvasiiveats sieevashilevnansdactess 298 
Federalist Paper #lo..cnis inci kin eles. ia ee nie lee Hee ei tee 95 
Federalist Paper No: 78, Alexander Hamilton 2.20... ceasing hes hv tne Aen hae depen cee eviey 289 
Federalist Paper N0:79%.cs:ceieesssipiiscu uo Aes elaine debe twa Rit duchaedboiared eee aa ays tages Mier uaa 195, 271 
Fifth Amé@ndiment occ. évsonciceseisdes dededeortins ode iinesialaa tvs Saveeeeeaite wy hiberees uae aaron adi Na dives obloven tale 330, 332, 363 
First AMendMe nt ....0..ccecccccseseceesectedsesecsecsesacdsosecdeveskernes 42, 97, 104, 113, 139, 144, 145, 146, 156, 234, 277, 341, 351, 365 
First, Fifth and Thirteenth Amendments .0..........cccccecccscccceesessscescceceesessecssccccessesseussesscscsesssuesscceceesesuessssecessesssassseseeseessnenees 314 
Fourteenth Amendment ........ccccccccccccccccccccccccccceccscccececeeseseseseeceeeeseseseseaeseseseececeeeeeeeesesceeseesseseeseeseeneeaes 185, 223, 263, 330, 345 
Fourteenth Amendment, Section 1 .........ccccccccccsessscecececsesssececececeeseneseseeeceeseensaeseeseceseeaeeecececeeseaasseseceseesssasaeseesesesenseaeees 260 
POuUrth AMeEndMe nl oc..5c5 ei Sestcecvésecvedsdovavendedeaysoebee taeakecnegusess@encedesulvavs soe’ ton cusses edunediesatedseuseeneeapasessenvocebedeepadssvensercadeuedveuselecs 227 
Eeiberty Amendment ccs iyscgsessscescesa gacscsssceuiecutscedsovssauseesdauoasaqsuseditesadtessauuescocgunseseeaucentad sbeginds seesevedoersaseacuusncuiasess ovaneupebsdeastcs 321 
Second AMeENAMENE ............ccccccccsessscecececsesssececececsesesaecesececsessaesecececsenesneseseeeceeeesseseceeeceeeaaeaeceeececsesseaeseeececsensaeceeeeseseneaaeees 63 
Seventh AMendMet ...........c.cccccccssssccececeesessscececececeesseaececececsesesaeseeececsesssaeseeeeeceeseaaeeececeeeeesseaeseeeesesesneaeeeeeeecseseaeseeeceesensas 289 
Sixteenth AMeNAMENE ......... cece eeeeeeseeeeeeeeeseseeesesessesceeseeesesesesesesesesesesesesesesuseseseeusesesesuseseseauseeeaeaes 53, 54, 135, 136, 313, 348 
Tenth Article of AMeNdMent ............cc cc ccccccceessscecesscececssececeesseeecesssececssececessseeecesssececssseecsesseeecesseeceessseeceesaeeecsssseeeesseeeeneaeees 49 
The Federalist No. 45, pp. 292-293 (C. Rossiter ed. 1961) oo... eee eeceecesecesecesecssecasecaeecaeeeaeseeeeeeseeeeeseeaessaesaessaesaeenaeeaa 62 
Thirteenth Amendment.... 42, 75, 162, 180, 182, 190, 195, 215, 245, 247, 250, 265, 271, 279, 284, 288, 332, 376, 382, 384 
WS Const Amt TU cscs ce tesccce sa ash cas ceeuaeasnsdnns scece chest gacvacdateecidonacecdecstiteaheecus snsccavessnssadsagescusonekeeussune seusecad ts naeacsfuastteasuies 313 
WES < COMMS ttt OM is bss ccs dcisud dehansuchutdaaudoevbeavowevdanudsnvasnvseutdanvdaaosanuvenbbesudssvaadusonbd gnveaneaaaueaeebenusanveanuspurianrtad saavessbbebudenvasavevets 63, 174 
U.S. Constitution, Article 1, Section 10 wo... ccecescceseseseseseseseseseseseeesesesesesesesesesesesesesesesesesesesesereseseseseseseeeseeeeeeens 246 
De Facto Government Scam 8 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


U.S. Constitution, Article 1, Section 8, Clause 5 ........ieecccccccccecesssssscecccececssssscsscsscecsessessessccecsessesesssceceesssusssceesessesseeseeesens 135 





U.S. Constitution; Article 1, Section 9, Clause 8 oo... cccccceeeseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseeeseseseseseseseseseseeeseeeseeeseeesens 62 
United States Constitution, Fifth Amendment 000.0... cece cccccccscsscccececscscssecssescccesessecsssscescsessesssesesceesesssssseeseeseesseseeesens 330 
Statutes 

VES ae 23 = 2A aes casa ccecsdecucanctucnte Cai ateheadaceseceas te siacareeses Sotsedcece cucetusedacncacateasts deceit eacansansacaiocies site cute Pueaeneanaessncecadeseiance: terete 204 
De SC2S JOA bcs oc Fm fe ed acca cece caeeccsadces tees can sta sacatececs ss iciensacses dacs daecsuce ce taetaene suteacieesets daadc soa vatenateuasceesaeieatesntelugets 303, 338, 350 
TOMES CoS 33 Bis cacetacecssccesanctecacecnesiasadacececs datacodacatacaesoaaceecaccee des son onace cata tassusacteecagaretntedat cues sate tutaces dessananedneeteeesevancateeeceiestiees 206 
NDS tat cA 72s SOCUOIN GO vcecaseaccecccne scacacccs decedateceecotadeceusaciie ace codes soe one ca caldesacecsisocacdvatusetah ccudass tatu tacos deaeaseus tice deeotesancestoteese deaeas 312 
DS VES AS BOO 2 a acacice Aakecevacctecncecne tiasacacedecs datacedacatecaes oaactecacceedee ison snare catadassusadceagacetntedah vcaee sate tutaces dessanceedneedeseceuancmcncecse sina 219 
15 ULS.C. Chapter 1. cei ceccccecccesscesscessceeceseceaecaaecanecaeeeaeesaesseeescensecaecaecsaecaaecaaecaeesnesenesseesseeeseeaeesaeceaeceaecaaecaeesaeseaeeeneennens 275 
DeTeS tat A Os fads cacace ee tet ovelacctcncecnediasadacedecs datacodacatacaes esaceecacceuceeison snare catedessusadiceagacettatan sauce sate tutaces dessanaeednesdisecouancmcnceest ease 249 
NS PAC Ae OAD Oise ce ca cas cane tctec ccna stenvacdesdecedatacucncotetacsuaaciencace codes sou one caadessusscisocaetestesedah ouadaes te tutaces dencassas duce tieoresanctdnceese toast 219 
SMS Ce SSG TE iS 9 Bi 2c ace Fete cae dissacteedeceas tececacatadacsannctncecd adesiadecacadacedeseus ssteevaueestutcacouaes sede de tacns deasancesdncacsdeseiatans teceeunslenees 376 
TS WS CS 82 O Mean 208 5.22 2ctc.805cccheacscl esos bs cceseseheasencteccessuesscsedeesasabvetuancceceten sausteeaseos sae bumetee seu @essassaadesesteosocetsesbsbesnegecs 80 
WS NSCS 82 Os OG ie gcse fee asics See naontetoee teaccpahs asec cts can caebisonecceedssswnetelhe cs oeteneneuteses Cots tseceutavaeseiesenssatesseteuesentiens 294, 295 
WS MSC SOO Ms so 2o ooo acs ae acces va ests iuos tence ho tacssitetszsaebieciccceedessbuts tac obssebeneutaeseteeetaseiaetadecssbstencanscessareusteuesaekeenecees 221 
MS MSCS SAG ieee osc one cae as eects sakes ts ccus fonconahavaech ec stenentscneecineden ssbatsacossetenencoesecnus fev estutesecchoscencsustestascustentsastacsecees 207 
WS MSCs SOS esas 22ers va oe sree ices sanbunesioeeacspasetcseeetsnsseb oases aleedenssbukuseccotscebuseutesseteestaszcaetedeaseostenuiatebtaseustanastasse see 182 
MS USC SVD oooh coe eevee ets occ ctesautca ss ccc senconahavaecsoscstsaeatesncecineden sbatetlas colssetenentoesecees fassseuteseedeosteeunca 162, 182, 221, 356 
WS MSC STG Lie asd essa setae ats vs ones tube teacenehovsanetetczsuebseneocoedts saute tucssbesebenintepeetaus sa euanta thes eessteuaeess 75, 186, 261, 332 
MS MSCS STG S sciccneske ntsc coecey cesses castecaeezehecnssccueceacenabessecicoecax sents ones costae sxneteacsosseseseutonsscausieesautatecctas 186, 250, 261, 279, 284 
WS MSC STOO oo aoe 8 sos oe cstv ts cat vaste ns cumessaceanhesuuncbetcecaubysnesseecte ants cuuseoagsbevas une apedenesbate tos coltestesvestatescens 186, 247, 261 
TS WES C2 STS 89 (3): cictesdsi ies cescaseseecasdeiadenentes dese tees eentaba vous site cosseadentenedessasasebiWannedteass inn bbiegsaeei dasaalasdersmcabentidastenededvnaeases 76, 288 
MS MSC ST OS scooters, once o sce che va tent ieoe tonconasotucreitetszsenescceceedin ssbuts tec cobssebeseuios senses aserenta tees tencascsstercuedeessantateeaten 288 
ES WES C2 SISOS (B) A) ccss.osces concerts cies letsanebesd si cueadassvabedeacsedaveessbasddiecsusasabePoedeDs scbhanubupieseueddedaaubaveasedelepsanubesdeneteedacseatadoaees 295 
US MES Ce SOT Bact sche sec se steak ac castec ee eck ccs Seacs Sead suas coco se tecaty sou aticcseeseate ve ccee eased sestcceecatiog si taeabccecceses on seseacsestaasintihceeesauees 206 
TS MTS CS FOS Mieco hens cases satiate toca cevttgs esses tease Petes’ cctat ies saueter costes sewcctevecd tesnuceucalovsssteat cee catetael cei tecencciaenea testes 195, 271 
TS MIS C8 FOS Oise ses esate sce choses ates set rts stc aes Sete seas cesses sth valicvac cscs veucive veckccuieseacal chia teatotee cate sihcci teen cslasseaeiees 195, 271 
TSS Ce S15 arse tates tact ease reece as Pate fae ae Sater Peat alata ek eh tae teens Staab Teste csc 76 
TS MS CSO esas ees acc echoes cate cet cee atte vee Seuds sa sac atest cesau seh savicvex eaeaes meacteteshenieesesssteness 75, 108, 116, 182, 276, 296, 349 
TSS C820 Tan: 206 recesses sah tact cea es ete ett PUNE as Sa tare seh oh Yass Gi can ar ach sete eee Taustt dctnucves Seeyese seit eeessatats 295 
TS MIS CS OS i oot hc cae ae hates adic ones Seats sunset otk Sacaea es dedieecseteage ccuactatstasesastuccetessetdsuiecck calavebadeaie cece slaesiazenevectsalace 296 
TS MSS CS DOG rsa eaters eta tthe chee enema eae tee 77, 101, 110, 115, 165, 180, 221, 257, 276, 279, 311, 351, 357 
ES] JES k Oeegs <5022) 0 eee Pr et rTP Peet OR 108 
TS MS C82 VO acca ete acest ts sali toet Sea ceoeua iets sehen Pele Seach sate care sebe cate tast feicent Satevar seth tata ed utes tase atthe seas 171 
TS MS SS QT ses ase aac acc h cache cae otha aoe sae Seah evs atehekt ccabusea | alicesressabs vanccte teed soateteaccl abeavesicces cotetsticct ie ceniaeseateites 171, 182 
TS MES C6 DM xaos ca teense Seats tote batty s sa vesneecheetau as Gosvade bas teaus Wesntastee esau. eu cnetebed tesade bec rnas eetwcestncuoseneutenans Otc vsee see nauseous 76 
1S WS CSO a airs tata esate tas cca ps uote badtacdlesle nore bed lus avnsunvace bee tueadseulsnteeeat veseesetonedebat onde eel vose labtnware encueael tienes sucetauseeseceuetueuseves 75 
MS WS CS 238 lies aca c neusce tet ta axe vecustebatscs cieeecnee he tus aus sucvacebeoeasadetusnces tat ivenvetecnetesatscnade ede reaete? msauctacuedebaateencs eet artunias 75, 82, 179 
18: WS C2 S24 I eis secs caress Sones evsteuvdeantinagleeysnaucaetvs cys ised Wtevveusuucivee eed vesved envdseet tuned ubliierSeDnvsuetaeuadyes 75, 186, 260, 296, 305 
13 W828 24 Davo cic ccs eiteuia hat evcvevnenudubacevecyeeueuuse bee ese dvs tusrade bal evwaue'gushiveeede ends Uaew be budcbaile dalvueb Sad lUvsiee Uuebdeseduendes Ou suwaveeseees 186, 260 
bE: 38 BES Se <9 Sy Snr Pn OO RT 186, 260 
13 WS C829 Fie rsscec es eiteusa ten eveve tn suuduaeaveaieuueu ude bee tev eve'suatrsds  odaveaue euanidebetbvedes dusudy beganbailecasnveuSaeluadve ch suedebgtenbeneuseuedeeetlavevedsevbas 296 
18 WS. Ce SB eccvevsetces cats sserit San eceves uve aadbe aulscul lan See ay eve dlainsds baexwas suanudbSuDbu aay s Uh evade pedbenadeuslaves Uesbeasr. Sisueavbehens ents suguadeeutieereenenas 355 
MS WS CSA et ats ad natsuase tela aves susbenattcnadleeeenaee bed ta asa sun viei tetecoadetreneoetet naaue Buc rede ba tanvatetsevesehedivacrscucneiahotintads asuacetahaseestesuvis 355 
MS WS Ce SO aerate Oh wounds a alse usec ostha aes seievedebebaasadannorse sit tsnecte cnetasatiusnd ed eae et ins aussecvetaleOaceatseeeness seaMeoaee 76, 350 
NS WS CSO Nes. sssccacsnatevssetet as avsucuotebatscnastsecneec bed tus avssusrucs ete veadavusneseretusavs tucnedebettuvadsteeraseted wearetecneseretactadeeecust hen ees 330, 368 
MS SCG a har csc ath aed sat hath aaa escnave Rett aay gered beat sradsselevate Sith caaucteicnces tae’ cnadaereness Set uvdeesacredeMeetueerece 76, 77, 186, 260 
TSM ES CS B78 eiicocictetaccza ce cceecescasz cee cacecagea osu dancestuecusceausacecsavanvatasucenccaseeateon scisacoestusuteteaccaeteseustuacceusia cat eutetesaansaaueeseeeesutaess 77 
TOMS C28 81.0 vais sa cexeebetcte coc ccesersd saaicnacseucusttasudenasseucauslocveass cagesusshacelecsentvsut decteagossausacates cit usseunmentoavtasoaedneniteseienes 77, 186, 260 
TS MES CS 6S Ostia ceeces decode es ccestentacaccecscesashasudenenagueeusiesteascacuomvetacucerscesvcvar te cecig'os anusauateeces sp sannsoestoeesaahiaduneeteaeianes 76, 186, 260 
NS MIS CoS OMG eas sccuecne tet cdavocccesszntasaceecsexsuystasecevacecussutlecteacecseuswuanacncens ovty save nacceasonsdusond lace ttavssuneal senenateeiteststacetemeanteeee 130, 131 
TS US Ce 8912 ivs i ccccccibetetausacevesesiosuccesasceesyihaiudenocccuesvtlesceatecnteeets 108, 172, 219, 221, 249, 269, 332, 356, 362, 365, 376, 383 
De Facto Government Scam 9 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


TS MSC SO V2 DUO ari UY casos shkes as iechasasaibeoianckecbons Lath, debdnstesusandedaveadaed oo dacmsaspdueusahanlvsngsdilees adeibevenasdnevesusonlueegs cdenbessauaresy 221 





VS MUS CoA S687 cscs ce cocncscccece cae densa cece fees vacscucacacacacsataccneacca tutaenceeace dacseetscaccteceseacetudacnscuacs seas tute coadessanoustnceceseveiancedtateese dencen 287 
DD MUS oS PI ae fas cecsecoe sc cecse bie Gases ae deste case ac ca eee cad Peace dec taioua ts Dace e eae Ea Te a atv aat aad taba deta saa dhe acaeadata bak cn cada atten eee 224 
22 U.S.C., Foreign Relations and Intercourse, Section $611.0... cee eeeceeececsseceeeeeceseceeeeecaeceseeecsaeceeeeecaeceeeeesaeceeeeeeaeeeaee 206 
DENIES C8812 068) 2 ccacxcasecete ss Sevesadecssate cats cesade cxcnce cucends aces dees ds taieucace tecaceutacencacececetvdon scoce cabetets xs caleoeacsendats dak cxccadatatuseonesesets 376 
DE MIS COG VB ia pce ates fe catesatece cons one caeten lace date saies, tude Cousaudaracces de oodetetcacnce2adecevasesecendeucuonsacecacecaseoeeesszucecseeenines teteve eestutecaaeescess 382 
DMS C0 MO Desa ts ote tees codecctucnce cage sesauacetace cee ssaeacatececa os iaiesaccescaneaahesen de ace tanak duecacacedeti dekecesacatstutauae dencasieetene tet cotanstetnees 191, 266 
DE MIS CS PI OD scdcz dese caec catesoteGececscctlceusseadeiss Gat oveteae te ceca cna sears ac see dees Hebe tuaate tata aenacteneats ce dususan otnes caudate sates tea teestatscasteeacisttnewotecheas 205 
ZO MS: C8340 MC) sic saxacsGoscdudesessads goasecededs Gakscadecctsdusanssdecescdeadude Gat csncasa tacadeeni desea daatceesbadenagacsteeeeen 189, 264, 305, 375, 376, 377 
ZO NWS: CC SO020(D)iasssesecicesssdeceasaceaeaedcedasi dak gcagecedadusaucadensncdcagwes Cobasucecaduancassagecesededees Saageagasedeeoeesadesagoscetidsecnd sousetesdevaovtdeatees 113 
DO MISC SOA afte cca lesa tacecs cc cciesagecedate cat vcaee de tececa cas dens acdes cies sukesucncete ate sai daneaccciteta don sccoe catseaes can ducsaetestatacat onesie iets cee 89, 337 
ZONES: Cz SOOA WA) cats: cocscssscndeseassceaeasdcedaSacas dcasecs oadesonsadsoeace cadudh cadeneasace ducensadeseastaadate daa ieasase se catanstdeases 215, 255, 256, 335, 337 
DO MISC SOG 5 55. cc shat eaten sceoos set restos accede vuceennece oe teeapnat bas cbs da cweuisesnceoctss svendessctepealaeenateseeseGuiseeienecetees 221, 366, 390 
DO MISC SOO Hore eG, Sao cet is wales cet sua cants ae tees vantacnusteneteaennee cna udtscobane ducssiecsuewunisns ceeds nsvanhs Giesabedcbinezoncetees ceeverteMatees 145 
DO MUES CSO OD soon 2c salts cate zeh eas seae dens saabediustcosccueauocnesceecse swauhcts cs tsapbenbutests caus seb aueetameeatessasecetesnseebecenzsean 170, 335 
DO MISC SOG Fee hc aa a2 cna a ctr at ewes tens tiotersocvaneabune bet cacaubeseteuseettecvants Gucscossepenbateseetansdeveueetegsestestenscanecneepetensaae 209, 243 
2ONIES C. SOOT ICD): ssi sdsiios fssatobeaess sevedcwebdesd ssavedsabnselasdassiecavenoatesgnsetedsbsstabele cas Saredemnissdacode lenbasnbaddens Sersgeanastsganeeeadedoaetts 89, 243 
DO MIS ICS 108, Fiche 5G Fasc tes ols oet cea tasssta scans vantaunucteneteacsanyente osabaconanevucssiecstswentsciseedsasvante diesels ten ssuanebes couedbeasertoecestes 210 
DO MUS C57 DAS epee as che lpecsteatc Sc detecee wes casasnoce dees canta neces dstewsatontaccbeceecsnantacsstecctsueheoncccas jenesube dec chossenesiateeeecceess 89, 199, 209 
20 WESC. 87408 (GC) ivcaiesdsiibs Batsaebedsens neces canudasde dene de asveabev seus lansaaeiessaccdedessaabe dbeaade lathanudubiedeusdeatoseba toeueial i abaesbuadeveueacasastasocees? 343 
ZONES IC. STIS (GD): asad isis. cestaeebeticas beret saebeasdedonecsasvuebs soeasin lagemsadansancdedsassdebs dasaedsssbaenosabieneuedsetaseaVoaness 134, 141, 194, 209, 305 
DOMES CS AD eRe srs 8G a, cat aca atys fats ses tana tiomarsedseehauacebetensaubboete as tectesimnuuGucsebeepaseutnsectenstevasmelateeceesstacteetabeteesscens sean 114, 227 
DO MISC STAD Cres ae cea del cet ens a te cese sess caeeadwseteccnineas vena ccbesseswushsbansioesssaveuesssecasesonesbats deed Gesebetehies setebeseacnstees 91, 382 
DO MS CAA Boo ac 5c, Sect eck seca oe ccc beans te tbe cc untasoucisteoebswennenssccmes tecsenecesncees ie swobnsnccened?a ssaube see ssoseabenentoeaeesue ss 90, 311, 381 
26:U S.C. $7448 ({) CB) V1) wis cessactavsca cain eoeas ducdenceidcsanesacesasaas caved sha chsndehbeeienstecssavada vices dlacké suaabecsandsacacnstaniaess ducdeuialucedacteads 145 
PE UIE SC SIA Oe Bis tee tie hach Ses hcsecaesey seh desieceen sueioe aaeabv eee satin cet eaee asia tisea Seth cua aoe ease aie ta SEC esas sen stag Sea ec alee aeateres eels 323 
OUTS CS TOO a es acres cc ase Sesceere salen se ae ahve sate es case Se Toth oe State Seat ta aaa oes eS Seances sleet ates 386 
DG MTS GS OD Bisse sec sc sesh sca oh sauce ec agua ee cSsa es suc geT Uae Sea Sas BSc eg an aT aes Ga sae HET escae ct ai atte staan Teaceeeastctiae 54 
DO NSCS IO es te ea Pak a ane seth oe beck et ad eet esa eR cess aac tease ee heat das acd ee sena cues Seti, 152, 379 
26 U.S.C. $7701 (a)(V4) oon cccccccceessececnsececeenseeeeeenes 114, 180, 182, 198, 200, 214, 256, 305, 333, 359, 362, 379, 382, 384 
20 WS Ce 87701 CA) OG) sesssissscescssesacdazastceselek Aake dades bo eSed sanded baste ccd shana ol asa bee Saidhecedehcdineteacdadssadetiveat beberenecsaxtevecssae 157, 331, 335 
26 U.S.C. §7701(a)(26)......... 89, 115, 170, 191, 198, 199, 202, 207, 249, 256, 266, 316, 325, 337, 354, 368, 374, 375, 378 
26 WS C877 00 Ca) (BO) sccssetaceet sssck iets celaeseca Haseatdsivede od Saks sdeshaviecedacassdslieceee dace ehoenissoxd Aisa chica vared cageateeesns 140, 141, 242, 296 
26 WES .Ce87701 (a) (39) czsssosaseks Bess ches saselaasecs Hakensdesscceed slates boskdecesd hatsasdeatetesasieeasasediesdeeHlass 134, 141, 194, 209, 270, 305, 343 
26 W.S:C.87701 (a)(9) and (a) (1 O)cscsscscesaveecc tiaceindeisceces Sates Soseeiess dhakeesdal codes chabssivetssessadlsancalete caved coaussacesns 140, 200, 324, 325 
2ZOMIS3 C2877 07 (BW) A) iiensicesedisecassereschedicsass Sieubaedeelcnous lessee den tunedsSusubeebaslnn ces dualosessdloasssdulesbsabaelag sus Giaigetshedaveavatsenstebioue acne 296 
26.NS3C28:7701 (Bb) (A) (Bi) scseihi ses ciessschatcendetiecssebetiuacth hetacs ya thebadesver see Riece Ses tuehedani@anedeselcopesdedlvasssYaeusdebadtussdeawesens Weick 128, 140 
ZO NMISI C287 7101 (CY vere ceestssSe save teens tehethvecdstdecsie bet nacvs diana ta i taunadsedorbeeittia ova tuaneSeraManedeeogssditlaasss vieustebolacensanede Reece 290, 296 
DOM SIC2 S87 weiss eceteeieuevisseievevstusuvdybateaveteeveuvaulaatss ey, cueuedebedeaweuesushveelaobve sve duane da bedevbaue daseudb leu livave duende peternavecuteusiueenuees 200, 365 
26.MIS C288 TAA) seseveyeseaceientia eve tepv ba awn sienuacatusees tess Maas se Oates etude ain lene ew ts Maestro ee even tees 281 
DOM SC 89 VM ssescceteenseiSechends. eure tusaeavaileuneuudesadisedye cuetbde bidevseye euler edi Sed tew eve duende vagevende suchvesleebusay, shebedelevaepaacaenacheSbesavetuenbes 200 
26.MS: C289 TD Bd evcreiieitenie ent pvbe twos teh oases Oates atid ined i eaw tn Mawnan e Obeid’ 146 
28 USC: S844 and 455 vivsekecds es ustisaneavesisussuade laa iicdve cuenbdebidevs aye euler el Sed ten eve tuatsds vad evende suchas leelaay, shebedelevaevat taanacleSlasarceeedaes 295 
QB USC 2 SS TAA ASS ccsciss Seeks x. 5h vedesatanadeSecunael ed ivaave duende bodavaasssuevbtebed ten acebun veda radi wosde de sncensativesve Siewedeheeauondsbaerseeseebeeaerneneey 296 
28 WS3C2 88144 arid ADD ilies cs sucvsdesatinnacessevedelad ivasveduenwae bodersade sulsae bed ten ave due rede vad costs ¥ecnodeSedlvacee SaeresehG2 kainate dowroseleosGeateceenies 101 
28 USC 88754 and 959 (a) secs sccsinvedsnedlaands silnssshetbesausciienest bidanenvesuendea dit tanavs Saareder@aactetilerssesiMuaseeanedeeeteasnlsUeuies 142, 153, 234 
2B UWS: C28 193 2(a) (By evsectesenessoseseenbdehettasada vibe daenadadenveciveuues bidhaneds'svevbeaved ine cvs duanedebsDhanedadah sesubad lan ove dnegedshsdaasadadsentortborenadeedee 128 
DS MIS: GS VIA CG) csi wtccnts'sdeacevseeccesssnhcacasesatedudense saueduecasuacsesaausosis ated acbeccusaeaacsiesdancabesuned eds eteasacsaaucssd danas useted soucacaseinaon bean oes 81 
DS MIS CO VA A eda rote cer hes cdacnawsnctesdvavacdacseesouihasusennaseesess anit anos stuvseitesccasesaexsintaectearosssusneeteeeettes 76, 110, 115, 165, 180, 279, 289 
2S WES: C8 1603 (B63) ss ccadssnsvccssacdecaissacacusozstesadsuns sauseeedasvachecadusetibes acess sanecatiacsasansacnsosatecateasescasesecceusiunccedeedaaasacaccsstuametacnare 139 
QS WES: GAS VGOS (A) csccoctecadsssevesduasdecsvacacusendtesadenue caus catdassackocasucecatanacesne cancietieeeasansgcasea ited adeanacsaseetleestasncgeusessdedefennessuamabeeuies 281 
28 WES: G28 IG05 (B)C2) elecadssnsrccsssedecaianacacusezsdesadsvns sozsecebasiciiosadusetibed adesoa vaneaebiacsasonsagcneosatecadsnacensovelesetagac sousetedat efeiaessuamatesies 139 
DS MES C20 MOD iss cs caceritaculevecccoees leseesencncasachtesteueaccesaeni ash swacecesvsitesuseitocccusysaiecteass saexsusek waudeceesivsouniocieacoaamuvauetescdiiesasnouentesners 128 
DO MWS C81 JAG) acca ahecadevnevcessasdecss incacesquatesatsnacsauseeelassa enecasuseaibasacenpesantcanieess sansncasoa ites acsunaccussaetesstanns sonsetstadacensessusmeneeeiss 248 
DS NES C20 WOOD ins stivtee sas wd arcnccoecs Lest esencncaeaehbes ete ueacceeaal aust awacecesvsehesucemocseusysalecteass <aecessek uence reesizsoutdocseasouatnvaueteecdi iaaneoueniaesess 295 
DOMES: CS SOD (D)icccsssecadesnavcessaedecsssnacqcusgu ates adenas sauseeelasiacuecasuoetinatecesdasanesatieess sapsaeaton shen ade aneccusselesstavncsensouacadetenacssuasetiasies 295 
DEMIS 2S o28 PWM a ca czars tecncsusavatoces decease acacae ates senesceessped ests doce teevsatesusamoncwusawaieszacse cavesanah asncensassusousleceesnoastunscatecees seeanunenleestcs 302 
De Facto Government Scam 10 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


POMS C S220 0 ccssii ssc iat aes stevs conshevanns sheds haa atledanncevenys ahve ine dbetbaussutblauecdisns avcanaunasieduaneashsutny agpauenbansaucunoasiveuaeaiaeuvendnevees 362, 384 





DOMES CS 2 20 MCA) cares stecesasacscecenncdeacacacecatavas cea sadecsGetacsacsucncecs tote cacaeies Gost anca as iaetes sucecega att eve te deaecoia naacesd san isanad sousecd etansons coeenes 349 
28 U.S.C. §3002(15)(A) ooo. ceeccccccccccesssececssscececssececesssececessseceeseeeceesaeeecnsaeeeeenseeeeeenas 89, 94, 141, 192, 198, 225, 268, 322, 354 
DOMES: CAA CD), 2 ceca case 2acasccsdeceasaceeaccce cess dau cea ace secn aaa cates acts ace Coan ea ada Gnce suas eae san cata andes ca dace cu aune ec ssatacudeta cai seaocaeesennsaieinettas 81 
DS NES C20 FD os ss ce date do cca dacs tate ce ccc dussagece decedent cae de teceta cea densacdeacaes ietesncncetetatessidenaccceetiaes 76, 110, 115, 165, 180, 279, 289, 311 
MES Ch BU noc cecdcedse 0 es ,2edece esau locacceatecedatesacecszudecowaaueseae tes dxco sete ooncatuncevaseaesasdes tou cadet uesGone se Conscuceessnascieedaduvesacazateeiusesinees 331 
SWANS CoS BZ UC) ac casts ded ec ages tece sana consace cagusecatacncecata ce cesaacensascee cats sak vcs dase vce Ga sauds gease cedeta dan sek tae tecutecseatonn ice tate atten aor nao 173 
AMM SEC OO Li icdcts sos Je cae sSacccesctecacseadusedae ccudass tase dacos deacashendece Gee ovadasctatnce cnesicasances cece Gok stain catucecs os ican aecedacs Gheteests tatetaanessnce: 243 
ANT SC ctl OG atccsdcs dts daz sec decatadass cas cticeacacateteda vcies satecudecnseacauseedece det ecadageaecnteenesensade ci aeeecak sean canesece ss ideas adaes Sikes oe catathasenesetcas 116 
ANUS © co MUO) aoe duce Ass actcesacatecensacencescee cece sak oeses secu cate Gacuesea sc cacatatonscssendessstecesaeiiaci cx caecat estes aaa tnceasignual ee teea ante ies 53, 140, 307 
AN S20) acts Shee dut a2 dete locate dutanas dugeadacedetecesocesaes 190, 198, 200, 204, 207, 215, 266, 269, 292, 296, 299, 332, 337, 376, 379 
AO Stat. 1065, Section 213(a) o.....eccccccccccccsssccceessececsescececssececeessececessaececssesecseseeecsesseeccnseeeceessececssuaeecenesecseseecenesueeeensseeeeenaes 54 
APES CS SO oases ehh cc octice coats cccosick eciesies occu ees det waetec saeco teucseetecaceoueclecatabannev eds Seerecstesnsiebestetsaehanssiensccbsnenbavaniceestet sashousenees 385 
ADIN SOB Sie csi tos cctsats as catte sed sweatin seciceconevea ta sousats ton ceca tants iucecbe sean ebeasenessbssubeuueccusecnsssuaseseicees iosssees ie eeeceeroe 288, 311 
71a BAS Gea 7 77 ee 75, 195, 247, 250, 271, 279, 284, 288, 332, 384 
APTS COMO isco 2 scat Sac olrs sab cniesceae eave tae suena senses Tociencensetueetze canatach cious cee: cesbabanceucnecssashasuncebedebesusnovanseeeetessosescieiene 288 
AA WIS3C. STS OSC) sehceis Ges sscaeetiersdosstewssesbdesiusdesteaebs vaca gs lensanosssgeaedecda tabahedeanei labeeaseaoras caedeuesaabe deaads febbanueabiedesees 89, 288, 323 
UTS CO Mees canna Seo cosets Sac <otrs cat cnescea esses dae exenta sscsebs Teaciee deste tuestte canatavassuusceeswestesneteedsateaehesbsusbetceesenousteactectersastscnscees 207 
SVS 28 2 OD ees cocci Sete fencecate de cdebecetewescassenaae dees santanectetsdceevact cnteccbecencspanstacssaeccteebessucceedsnesaube dicesoscenensateeaercuestesmete teases 376 
DUES. C.S 2 OS Ga) cciciss.2iibs Batsaeba teens seceesaandesdsdeedsabonatas Sans liaeaaiiessaiQedSasseabaWeeaadountemnabusaeundeatosebevecaaelinsane’ 189, 211, 264, 305 
MS 25 DT acacia Seb Spec eceatc Se cdot cee we scan ssnace cans santanecetsdceevact cnteccbecescspanstacssaeccteebesu succes dsnesaubeiccsossenssiacsbascsoesseoventareeckes 116 
SIS G20) cies ae sche cools dees state Secs Seta seadasas te oucan: santaunuctnrenczanbuntesocttacsabevusseaecatsveniecsdeeedsassasbusicsalstenssebiessetauessbosevacsess 324 
ES 25 esos aati coe fence bats voecet cscs cosaecucs cose caeveuwceeecieneneaonseccbeccasebepsbacsi osesssunuevssscauesouesbabe daeceOessbeententetios 191, 266, 273 
5 WS C2855 2a a) 2) ai tcswedsisaebadseasneldesaaldeid dukectasenabadaaeued gence les lacctecdusseabuvseanitel baabbubledsuacdaqaneateaesbarebsanndeadsnstecdeeaibasoastis 276 
SUES Ce S993 (A) sso cde toc te csasede tases coehsshcecs Okc di caaeagsa te cecass cuss) Canaccouadhceasadeaiiecuce cet iauk den ivsoma dias vaseutasacessusgas suena ost aS 89 
DESC S553 (a) CD) ia vsiceesiasadeacieeg cles shcciausenc ciate odes tees ea shades cal leceuadictesadeatcsaccdateshictisttaa Metssedeieansaaslanaadsleeeeesigns eskact 288, 323 
SWS iC, S553 (a) 2) sac 2scc ct ssasade aie tess lets ks caiacse Hia ak adeiicc ca eda sh danseevaa Flaca iadeaiesaxshstens eisetehi hasssateleasci tones ele ee eae 288, 323 
DESC SOSA) css fas assaeesiasede ats te ccccees hese aciaeesadiss isc castes haan Seta beet sadeais saxeate ts usta eo seasigbnsadiies hcael ised dacsoa utes eaten 145, 323 
6 OE or <5 [re APO tea eC RT eRe Om 108, 178, 353, 363, 386 
BSS TEN 21 > PP PP RUPP ee eee ea ee 91 
LO VCS e/a 2 eek aha attach tas aces tae ee en eet eae tS Sees eas het arean szictate gah scat vast Such alba tik cate 217 
OMS CSO Mascot tcc ces se suasste cet cence ees sal otek cdeds sea gateters Sets seu nevasestes ta tecc et evss5 ielca seh ocigter sinehe succgtensea deitueves siusveascsaveve asics 224 
SUES CoS VON CA) ON) sec cisssccdeitstecessacesbasedvecedconestadaaie caus caches tvedigs nad oh suasaivtieseeidia ekadelas haa cusasiboneeteehaaeaueees 94, 128, 130, 307 
SWS C2 8 TA OT secsn cekcccceccteessSesdecs 114, 127, 128, 130, 131, 132, 134, 140, 141, 263, 292, 294, 295, 296, 305, 307, 345, 358 
SS AA aes esc aac ccetee cect te cses cats Sua calice sea icabu see siiiocseocsies pose Suavare seu tucecee vests eae eceut cleter acai te seccsteeactscutecre alecseatesbeeamians 223 
MS OVA Ms a he cetacean ob acto betas acu betsrnec beeen aus Svanede bac sunade etcetera beens ave te ceasehetinsarstesbassetteaccs ticuet Meniuadetteutautimevereeu deat 206 
PRR SSB = OG sacs cece sees Set ccdec aes csde bata acs uns bet ns xk ees note nettsags slewoneeee tas dda sun vede Wabi vasdstesnoas set msds eactetenaP invade teevsas teins as 216 
POTR SS B= 24 OG sis ees ah cao eet aca ea crnsa bet ve easy sade betavaasisndeueee cet tanacebus bee cativentiudnias Set tvsnns dered bet invade eeetee eben ancl wae 216 
ACS STV AG TOO seosesesscienieibechexds. enue tisaeavesleuneunde Sadie dye cuenbae bodevs aye euler ei Sed tev eve duende uagevens subhvebleelusay, sheiedelevaepaaaenachdeSbesaveduennes 216 
ASS ESTT 56-83 Obes sesccetceiesie Seka ex cds evdesantevarteeneeucsladlvacvedueusduetevsayeuueedl oan evedheinds eateuealeellaveiiedivacy, ManedeWouarauceereeeseehea anes 216 
AESEC 85-372 208» sa scassciesisiseetends. cxsuetibaneaveileunsundelauisedys cueubde bodevs aye uals eds Sed tew sve duersds vagevends vuchieb elude, shebedelevaenauacaanaclesbeaavethenses 216 
Aniti-InjuUn Chon ACt oiic.5) sisted that ie ieiietne ey te ave teas Hedin aioe, Meade esa ieee Shs 322 
Anti-Injunction. Act, 265U:S:C. $7421 vice ieiseser cients tle WAM Saad te eh etn He saedeh lea Aiea 90, 180, 322 
Assimilated CrimessACty sveiscese.cvsscccsscsstinnadstevvnseldivaavedvenwde bodevaasssesvdleed ten avnSunredavadevosdsdelvnceesel vases dvewedebedanoadssacrsens esbubsvetaeyes 307 
Buck: Act OF LOA O seis. cobs sects: cos cicvndebedioaadeeveunusbetluaaus dusvecebedensadssusveeesadivosseSuenedededdunade sas rasebedlanavedneneiess@axnedesscossesaninne’ 116, 243 
Buck: Act,:4 US. Co STI O6d) otic ccccsetebetlssedssiecsassadtcscuscteeasis Motunaden avdee lotta avs duaredenstleasdadievessbadtag ns anedabilacsasarsecdeeee ase 307 
COALS TS AS ORT Oi occ cisteles cs. secvedebatinnaciesuevdaed et ivaavy unions boSavbas' sulsvansed tun avedun rode adsunsde ¥esneaesse vases duewesehed snipade Sawrasenedlueavednedees 216 
COVA. Tithe ISA, Article: lO sceccecdeccsisscccncedsdstedencaccecsvadasuscdecuctosdbiedudenoeatussvancs veccecauuseded ocedendessuscvedeuceaseeauusetaaceccevsansundvoleesees 216 
COV cS 18 22 G 6: Dic ccescdencevoecccsek bac veanacncueae bases ueccteesuesd asuiicwaasceesetheaudeitonseushaudestecss caeusavok ucade chassvsnutdecstagoastuvetileecdaseessesentacaees 219 
California Civil Code (1903), §2260.0.......cccecceccccssssececsssseceesseeecesssececssececeesseeecessaececsseseceesseeecneaseeecnseeeeeeseeecessaeeeesteseeeeaes 241 
California Civil Code; $1589 cccccccccéicccccccocsescedcnccceccevssssnseveccevesvsdssndcrceseasevtécatec cecsevsevedccedeedestvsovedecedeceasunseucacersssvevencenedecsées 255 
California Revenue and Taxation Code, Section 17017 ....cccccccccccccccscccccecssssscsscsccccsessscssesccscsessessessscececsessssssecsseesesseseeesens 152 
California Revenue and Taxation Code, Section 17018 ......cccccccccccccscccccecscssscssccccccsesscssescceceessesssssescessssssssseseseesessseseeesens 152 
Califomia’ V chiclé Cod@sa siscccecceciscedivsconncoeidesdscucacteecetad acusedecceeosvéletuderocseasavtbestec cocauvseved oondeevessusouedeeedasoasuusetedeeces seenenemedoeutes 151 
California Vehicle Code, Section 12502 ........cccccccccccccsssssccsccececssssscseccecsesessecsscsccecsesseessssccecsessssssssescesssessessececeesesseseeesens 153 
California Vehicle Code, Section 12505 .......ccccccccccccccsssscssccececsessscescccccessssscssesccsesesseessesscecsesseesesescecsesseeussssesseessenees 151, 154 
California Vehicle Code, Section 12511 wo... cccccccccsssccsccecscssssscsscceceesessscssessceesessscssssscecsesscsssssesceesssssessececeeseeseseeesens 152 
De Facto Government Scam 11 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


California Vehicle Code, Section 12805 ........ccccccccssscccsssccceessececsescececssseececsaeeecesssececssseeceesaeeecnsaseeecssseececaeeecessseeeensnseseeaes 152 


California Vehicle Code, Section 14607 ........cccccccccccccccsesssccsccececssssscssececsesesseessesscecsesseessssccecsessesesescecessesssesseesceesessseseeesens 149 
California Vehicle Code, Section 14607.6 .......cccccccccccccccssscccccececssssscssececeesessscssesscccsesssessssccessessesssssesceesessssssseeceesecsseseeesens 151 
California Vehicle Code, Section 516 ......ccecccccccccccsessscsscesccececssssscsecccceesessecssesscecsesssessssscecsessesssesescecsesssesscesceesenseeseeesens 151 
Certiorari Act Of 1925 ....cccccccccccsssccssscesscecsecesseecssecseseecssesssseecsaesesseecsaeseeseecsaesesesecsaeseeseecsaeeseasecsueseeseecsueesessecsaeeeeseecsaeesenees 53 
Civ; Code: Galk(1903)) 82282 sccecsesidedtesdecoescseedonctedesevasgeseaed endnGadsdecusnes she gavin yassneisn eh totes ede eorsdee center EHH HGR 240 
Code of Conduct for United States JUdgeS occ eeesecssesecseeescesesecssecseesecseesecsaeeccsaecaeesecsesseceaeecesaecsesaecaesaesnaeeeeeaseateaeeaeeats 289 
D.C. Code §22-1404 0... cccccccsscesscccssecesececssecssceecaeceseeecsaessseeecsaeceeeecsaeeseeeecsaesssesecssesseeecsaeseseeecsaeseeeecsuecseeecaesseeeecsaeeeees 216 
D.C. Title 11, Section 854.0... ccccccscssscecssecssscecsseseseeecssessseeecaeesseeecsaecseeeecsaessseeecsuesseeeecsaeceeeecsuesseeecsaesseeeecsaeseeeeecsaeenees 216 
D.C. Title 11, Section 907(3) ...ccccccccsccesscecssecesscecssecssceecsseseseeecaecsseeecsaecseeeecsaeseeeecsaesseeeecsaeseseeecsuesseesecsaesseeeeeaesseeeeesseeeees 216 
Declaratory Judgments Act, 28 U.S.C. §2201 ooo cee ceeeconscoesenseensesncessenssesseessecscecneecneeconscnasenssensensessessesssesseesseenees 383 
Declaratory Judgments Act, 28 U.S.C. §2201(a) ....ceeceescceseeeeseceseeeeeeceeeeesaeceeeeeaeecseeeenaeceeeeenaeseteeeenaeens 90, 253, 288, 333 
Emergency Bank Relief Act of 1933, 48 Stat. 1 oe. cceeesceescsesecssecseesecseesecseeeecsaecosesecaeesecnaeeeesaecasesecaeeseenaeeeeaeeneeaeeaeeats 136 
Emergency Bank Relief Act, 48 Stat. Loo. eeeccssecssesecseeesceseeeesaccaeesecaeesecsassncsaecasesecseeseseaeeeesaecseesecaeeaeenaeeeeaeenseeesaeeats 135 
Federal Register Act, 44 U.S.C. §1505(a) .......cccecccesccesceeseceseceecseecneeenecsneesnensceesceesecsaeceaeceaecaaecaeecaeeeaeeeseseneseneeeseeseseneenaes 323 
Federal RESERVE Att. .55.55.5.0¢i252ss0ere0dosgesonavaesssebeoesensvags sbev ads lonsvangveres sedbsvenposbwns¥essaesbbbsosecedecsbbobopsvenssGsSogesborsesnsedeos 54, 135, 136 
Federal! Fort Clans: ACt ss svecsscssessses5esenesevssasoseuesenesnobvaey sesenevneevanes evessnsvanpy dev sulessdebabevared nslessvsvnophdben sdssodebnns sere ndesbensses 315, 316 
Federal Tort Claims Act, 28 U.S.C.A. §1346(b), 2674 .....cccccccccsscesscecssecssscecsseceseeecsaesseeeecsaeceseeecsaeseeeecsaeseeeeecaeseeseecsaeeesee 315 
Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (F.S.LA.), 28 U.S.C. §1605(a)(2)......ecceesceesceecceseceseceseceeceeecaeeeseeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeeenasenaes 322 
Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (F.S.LA.), 28 U.S.C. Chapter 97 0... .eeeceesesccssecsseseceeeeeceseeeessecaeesecneeseenaeeeeeaeeataes 97, 131 
G.L.M, Chapter 268; SectrOi 33 ..c:...2sc4s.iensesh-onuscdacsesssbienebsesdcasthvbdesouecdhcnunbe iasse¥ecohexstonssaneuncsanstubitierstegspepseiepacsetesbasssheuecests 217 
Gr RDS OT eA ed ease tat ceniccisauhecencaleacenesestiesendededexsstelerseseteceusneatnatesshsebbexbobelless¥esstesuubesentevesetesbakevueressleaeseeyertssusestenmtabstesvens 219 
General Business Law 380-8 ..........cccccccessssseceessececesecececsececessuececsecaececseneeceesaeeecseaeececeeeeceesueeecnenaeeesaeeeceeaaeeessesaeeesseeseeeeaes 218 
RSS OT OG ache sates ca, toe snate aces Pechecees ceases teas seta acobeseesencerssteyssedtusscokuss estes te ssaueesetutes Pesnestevseeeeedetenentecsseemestesssebeteenast 216 
House of Representatives, Ex. Doc: 99, 1867 s.ccccccsscccsccescescscaaceesachacsscscttecscessecsccddavacescdactsontdbeccendencacesdensaess cbscdendcnbecsandeads 213 
T.G§25- SOLS cisecetvees 8ecissfeasec¥escnceshaseasecess edcsnscTeadccesictedes jek eveseschs denadeuss ued shewesdsctawdeesdieeusedeatceesacdstvaisaleecpusciantccduteosesleee 217 
LC, Title XVI, SecttOn 71822 fsseces sic desaccisueces cksvekcGekeccesitenscisaacwaves hues cadens tues shetessceuseiees ha sesadelt (ees Roiva iaatecsui aneetaeoees Tn 217 
LRG §$1,.32,-atnd! 162s: tec: fexesccescicbssacciiecesscicenecdentecesactabes oak Gvesescunccnadeu ss sues sheteshickeete es dha SesedersceesacdstuealeePel ates Tuckeewes stale 187 
LRi@e- Section: 162 sess escieschceessceten Gees shcbssk coun ieee ck sak Gakic ceskitenecbs aa veses Hoa csaaded es es chet sheuaeees hav shaded ieee Rein iaatedel ass Tae 147 
LSS 1823 OT cas cscs sede vues hebesecetascces ebsek Selucess As vesTonke coun ctebec teak eases cn denadee sa sacs chet sus heewees Ha oaacdeaddeeea cbse uae Baakewmes tle 217 
Internal [INFERNAL] Reventie: Code siiciss. sci ciszidecesnetced au dedie skeen ces cdecadasaagdassdeie esilela ved dined ai dessdclelaessehbelscdebscnecdancieeecdaes 353 


Internal Revenue Code 116, 130, 132, 136, 138, 145, 162, 186, 189, 190, 191, 221, 252, 261, 264, 265, 266, 289, 298, 314, 
322, 323, 325, 326, 327, 332, 337, 339, 340, 341, 343, 346, 348, 349, 362, 377, 378, 390 


Internal Revenue: Code:of 1939 ec eicccs. sesso vcs Hii sckcee ee otacscedeise coxa chensecdeahvevsedicesegdean suseotinesvaies ss resucesteaabeswecneiei sexi iesiecceeees 243 
Internal Revenue Code of 1986, Section 7428 woo... ecccccccscccsecssssscesccecsessssscssesesecsesssessessceesessseseeesens 253, 289, 333, 362, 384 
Internal Revenue Code, Sections 1, 32, and 162 ........ccccccccccesccceesececssecececsseeecesssececssseecseseeecssseeeeessseeeeesaeeeesssaeesenssseseesaes 263 


Internal Revenue Code, Subtitle A187, 190, 191, 193, 194, 197, 208, 255, 263, 266, 269, 270, 272, 316, 321, 322, 326, 374, 
378, 383 





Internal Revenue Code, Subtitle A of the U.S.C. wu... cccecsessssecccvsocsessnsnccevcessesssatscevescosvensnssesessossssansussevcesosssesseessoses 201 
Internal Revenue Code, Subtitles A and Cu... cceeeceeeseeesseseeeeeeeseseseseseeesesesereseeesereseneeeeesens 113, 133, 200, 286, 362, 386 
Internal Reventie: Code: Title: 26 0.0. sz: seceescveesseeceselvacescuersae bed ceseuosachvenlovevosssssanecabussUeveseeredysee iisevedaebveboondeberesusuvevousioans 145, 338 
IRS Restructuring and Reform Act, Pub.Law 105-206, Title II, Section 3706, 112 Stat. 778..........eeeeeseeeteeseeneeees 92, 137 
Judicial Code:OF VOU ssc ccsesccecsevescancdsbectincveuhevi cubede sss tue vcvecuackdusaueusebadeasevsgesvlesuslns dus tueistvosuase des Uiabi tentteas iva tues aueeeedate: 90, 94 
Judicial Code of 1940, Section 1, pp. 2453-2454, Exhibit 3 oo... cece ceecesecssecscecseeeseeeneeeeeeeeceseeeeeeeseceaeceaeeeaeeeeeeaeeees 295, 300 
Judicial: Code:of 2000: Title 28° WS. Co sccccssssseccdsccntes sve cnensssronavsndsdsessevedavesvssouneds pedannadesslencoebea ane obs suansslarslasassedeivesssedesetacuebecy 300 
Judiciary ACt OF W189. Ce QO cass cncsscsstsceaesutevaes Sot baeees sisuetabaucneas ssseuteusePins sxe sedan @haaals acssleta see suaaee taaeadsieerte eae es 319 
Judiciary CodeOf 1948 .2..ccscav. dissents eee aoe, hate wen nee tee lead WA eee hed ated He eM es 301 
MRS 15 2S asa as tact sate ciatesc ceca ch czsnra sate a tanee couse ead sus Got casteesit eteceiie sents ea cosas aa aceuteaunadecantecsussee cats inteeeaiecaied elenteniemieoeeees 217 
TRS 5 SAA as csacos hack vnc ccc tu staccato casusauaheeasenne canoes la sa cnecesuessitesecespesauchet secaisapaneaioaibecadeaneccuriatlsestaoe son sseitadeteniessueasioeaes 217 
RS 95 POs co racssihec ada sic ccatasdcc ss sna cacesau shes atanac causecelesa enecasuseaibesacennecauceanieess sapancaioaitesacsunaceursenlesstasen con setatadaceniessueenoecas 217 
TRS 9552S asc acacesstcccdasnaccatuat lesan eocacesaadheeasenne caus oaelassa cnecasuessatanecespecsutiat lesa sapsncateaibucadeapecsussatleesissae son sssetaseteniessuaneieaaes 217 
FIRES SO IOS ics coeccattecadevncccassacdess sna cacesquatesatsuns causeuelassacnecasusezibasacenesauceeniaess sapancatostteaagsnnaceussuelesstavos eousetatadacentessuae tana’ 217 
MEA W ORD 2s Prabal s2c5265 32. 2ccdashevasceat lees; sacqcasesdteeadenee sus scuba sak anesasueasanesucenbaccutiet lattes dnancaeesehuiadsaacsus sundae tiasin euros esate ase 44 
IMAG 255 OT ates cscs ihec ada vc ccasaasdecs sna cacesquatesassnac causeeelassa enecasuseaibasacenpesautcanjeess sansncatonitesataunaceusgaelesstannc sonsetatatacentessuce tatu 217 
INE Ae SASS 72209 oe accsiheccdasncccachatleesnvacqcasnsa he asenee caus oaelsssi anecasuensatasecesnesuciat leten is acaseatbutadoupacsataanleesisnocsensesstaseteniessuometasvis 218 
IMMER S92 23 ha ccacasd xe ada sa ccetsaedecsc sna cqcusgu ates acenoc causeeelacsa necssnoezitasacesdasauecatteess sipseeaten shen ade aneccursaeleestanocsensoatadetensessunsttaecies 217 
IVES SOOO 27 das cccecas i teccgannaccessasdceas aeencesaatetasannssauseee lassacneaatuscitesacasnesanteed secan spa acaba ites adeueccusgat letsasson eeu seemtatncensessunntennaet 217 
De Facto Government Scam 12 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Mass. Rev: Laws?(1902). ch; WAT, V2 secccsisisee sscceced ves abt ts sah Shednoce akedosncdsusnes anivecds taste seaauscengdeesi ave ananesaniiesessediuesens @eeiess taioas 240 





Mich. Penal Code, Chapter XX XV, Section 750.217C.......ceeccecsscesececsseceeeeecsaeceeeeecaeceeeeecaeceeeeecsaeceeeeecaeceeeeessaeceeeeeenaeeeaee 217 
MNS GS AD FF pate acacia ce foc ueussouteiteeaceeesaue tucneadaa dues acseececs Hetaisusace Becacaeaecuesa Gea cet vaatawee a cabelas saadhoeacaeadats dak csecadatateseraesinces 218 
IN 8 Oe SOA ae a eseee dence cz ca cdadtcadnce can osedeae tececasaa denracsee dec Gobeceaacetetaceunaceneats cocusasan soacecasu dete x:aceeeacgestassGekenecksststutecaedioces 218 
INSTR S25 9920. os sactecse cca deeatecece ozcdcsasocsdncs caeacoe dc te ceta cna dens acdeecees si taisucace becacssdacensacecs cation scaue cabedets osalsoeacsendats dak cxccadatatesecatsioess 218 
INVES AsO) C528 esc aca as sada cas ou cvan cen lace daesvaveac tudecewsauisavaccen de oedate tacncetadecevasusesendescuonsacecauecateoeeesszucecteieninte tetove eosttececnedi sees 218 
INEIVIES AS 301622 UN ss 22 ste dnc ccc tesapecatncs Sazecose dc tu cecacna densacceecees si teicucace tecacsstacuncacecscetvdon scale cabedets osalsoeacsendats dak cuccadatatuaucat cones 218 
TN PRS 999 Fe os oe do teens va dacetedececscctlcensceadace sat oveeeac dececacaa deaacses dec: dete tiaacetecacsunaceneats cocusasan ocnescasedets xs cceeeaigestassGeenecksatateiecne nace: 218 
IN RS 59 2020 90 wadacs duce tot va cacste dence zc coesasocadncs caeacose de te ceca cna densacceecees sitaisucace tecacesdacuncacecscet don scale cabetets os alsneacsendats dak exccsdatetusueat cones 218 
INR 59 2020 3 ass ca fete Cot ocala cetedececsccuceusceadace dat oveteac sececasaa dene acseedecs debe tiaacetecaesenaceneats cocusasan ocnescasudets x:cceoraeiestass Geeneckdatatniecnenacas 218 
CGS i I ioe soos che dince vac toesapewadncs Satacoee dc tect caa tens accee dees da kaisucaice baaceudacea cece cet daa sctue catedeta xedieoeaudeodats dak cuccssatatnsestsuoess 216 
OURS 38 1G 2S 09) sics fetes cadsace deca csccvseantoncace caeacetaac ou tecatns senvacace deci ss to tusatecaducsesacenee dice tatidaascnuecscedete sas dacacaesentacasenea sans weeeaedoces 218 
ORS 915 OOS ages cece soe Shah cece Set cence acute Set vestnus ace tebssapnet ens sicbesdecobebsnscucaecansventocscccees lebvastesncesOetebeaeute bas cebeibescestectecees 218 
OES Pitle: 25 S CCUM OM: My S325 552k ss os Se wcs cata sae saecsantacouctene teaeenee ene oectsconabeduesstecauewunbscne ceeds nsvante dicval ten cnuntenes eee deeeventeteesens 218 
OS Pitle: 2 lsS OC MOM dy 3 Slt cack ses ce cex scent scitaeavssantacnuctotsjcasvand cnteccbeces cons acssaecctewenesuseccaedsnesaabe dices oscebeneatopesesledsencerteteesees 218 
Oregon Revised Statutes (ORS), section 316.012 .........ecccecccssessceesseeseeeseeseeesecesecesecsecsaecaecaaecaeecaeeeaeeeseseseseeeseeeeeneenasenaes 341 
Peni Code. Ci836.. SUG. 3 rashstecuiesccbeviccteteadasdonseendessanbedbus ctsdsdevandcndecabeasasopapsbaneisscatesubeseseceatedsassaube daeeeOssobensutopeesoeasnscente teases 279 
POTal COGS: SASS. Veo racs ct cceiins tse sce vaveesela cen cucstss seus oes seatasauus tet cncesheanes ca gectesueohs viene tscaminentsenctenedsuswmebsioecatetensueseussccstecterseeteteserns 216 
POT aU AWS VO D3 xia c0e Scie, £252 160t08s sve cetcashes in pote cent statasawestedsnceaeenesccbecescenons cies tecaniventcvectstetsueshebs tees Oedebsueseesecksbeceseemeneteectes 218 
POT AMG AW SUDO Oi certccs ctr detract astcuts cen cucstss seve ueceetseaiasuwus bet cncesheanes ca uectesueahs viens tscaninenteuctinedsusseebioecetetensueseussccseseteecaete tence 218 
Privacy Act, 5-U.S.C. §$552a(a)(13) siccescsesiescccesscsasszessstscctensseasannssenevercoentestsoicctecaueaousessesesecsbenbantebtertansd soeaanacensdosasvens 187, 263 
Public Salary Tax Act Of 1939. cicsc-sctcesrssesieadessvecsacszabaveosedoceasacsonseesederdusseabstbaseduesdesouvessadedecsbesaxnvbenebeledazessaasesatans 53, 116, 243 
RCW OF We 08s haces cs calle oz xcs; sate fees antavnucietedcaswned cnteccbecescenapasssaecctewebecn succes dssevanbe dices Osceesuatonescauestesuenstaieres 219 
BROAN eee as cae xed cito sen ceec odes dirs tec since ater bess setanucteneoebessen vou sccbes cecnebogesnctesiesvabusunc eect bassnubsseesslesebonsutepaecsuestesneteceeaes 217 
Rév: Ciy; Code So. Dak (1903), $1638 csc. ccceissscsceisccveassacssbessaxccssdlccesadsthsceseceavechdeeissssclscsadeabveseecsbiashdesseeenesiucadodsaeeesesuane 241 
Rev. Civ; Code So. Dak..(1903), 8 W654 viscssccHssecedsstcecea ciate daskticveaciatacadsatceasacdakecsdedivessaciseasadeaiessaecis is uadelaueeeasinteccdsahccesesbace 240 
Rev. Code: N... Dak ((1895));.429 8 5 cscs: secasiseccdiabec adsl hceess Saks sb daacucuc dl ccseadeahcessocds toca danevesaacievasadeth cases Hota uh Geraneena dace Seika edacs 240 
Re Venue ACh Of. | S62 c.c5eiccsss sete ua hh ccs Sates ihc adie ahe cc naticisg ice eae auc tsac Teas out et se seas aia nee Tees 248 
Reventie-Act of 1862:°12 Stats? xvas ses cock ck ease ke ec sctcksae cesses sabe Seki cabo eae ess A 136 
Revenue Act of 1918, c. 18,40 Stat. 1057 ............cccccccsssssssscsecessesscssccevsscsessnsesesvcessessanccevsecsssssseacecescecssssnsuesevcesvsssasesesseves 313 
Reventie- Act of 19.18; Section: 203 iciscz 3:5 Sececb aches eceks secs ckvkc kd ceksvcsad hc seecSeueeesascd else gaeausensceceen cist is senate ead bases sees od baaweo Bees 313 
Re Venue ACh Ol 1932 sc 5 cress restates otic 8 Sete ci ahac diab cs natic ists be aties auc tsa Toads sou actetsebacheu seuamuc tension ’e saaece teed seh daseaavevnioiesieceacstess 313 
Revenue Act of 1939:.53: StatsA G9 sis ccs cceccc cctv eset ececactekskd desieead cbcesk Seth ovascdebeagactaeieaccus vesadeiiocuekeloispicaatncedlaves dei eeve ais 91 
Te SA esas g acter ese sac ste cc Sees Su cee enh sac sate eae ct ee tes sla sates he eens ot encase eee sagan aces he vec cgteeseases tecee ales teadesbereawatis 219 
SD Te SA oa ra i ater cast ak ste esc tcc scat sees nat cetera ses cas fescue cane Teh iu cen cates danse tek ooletay sete cees sotonsed teste ee naleracatesbeeeeagi ds 219 
section 505 or 512 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act ........cceccceccesseesseeseeeeeeeecesecesecsecaecaeceaecaeecaeeeneeeeeeeeeenees 384 
Sherman Ante Trust: Acti csececceseececcvsetdebavs eumvecsSatiears Guevecsbeddesaus tuardesSetanwarssuavedsbaldeneds eeeveesbeldnecd’s susvars baudeeseswnensesbuntesdveseed 275 
OCT S CCUM YAU easter: cten cette read enna eres hes anus ene ce te Otceteea seo ket anaes ned ed erent vera eesnsneneed 193, 194, 269, 270, 386 
Social Security: Act as:of 2005,,Section: WOT s.ticriccs chceoiiascs invited wie Aisa ees edn o W ees 385 
Social:Security Act, Sectron 1 01(a)(Q)xcncenistaves che nee Oe oe aes hens aan he ewes ches 385 
Statutes:$ 8230 To. Secccevestisstnctevseveeneeb sod caweue set beh leguse die slated pe epee wietde etude Shabby podeawade VEG HaUSeU Undies chow deb eeeas ebenulenraveedlawewedueeeds 217 
Statutes At Large yess ceceiiths tevenscl duds tase ase cde Mas aee inane Spe eerie dled ane ae ches 350 
Statutes At Large; 53: Stat di, Sectrom 4 es nceicnisielieds chet base inv hued chow Mia His lias ceeded AH wd cedeos 340 
DCs S39 216-3 Odes se carcectaeesvectsb ae. vis eesattan ante eeenucsladvwevevueubdebddevs avs suevdle Seddon avnSun rede vad wosds de snceesed vases Svewedebedauondsvaerssesebbeeavedaenyes 219 
IS eSB DIV cesses tes esate cies as Seches cx Hecee busses eals eae ude Sat isin de ceils bod ecb eal sulsvbae Sede ave sun voce vad cade Secunda Sedivacee ShereselG2 kaoade sawrosesedleedeeneia es 219 
Tanitl ACECOL TO30 cscs coessaiseeevevsobesevscrecbeysusouuaulaetvweys dieveds Whevwedseuerdoe sel bvoave Sue neQadedvoadsdelsracesa@lawavedbisnedebeesuncesoneassesstenees 292, 384 
Tariff Act of 1930, Section S16 A(L)(1O) oc. eee cceccccecsssceceeseeecssssececsseeecessaeeecessaeeecssseceesaeeecnsssececsseeceesaeeseessaeeeensneeseeaes 289 
Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. arts. 18.01, .02 (West 1989)... cccccccccssseceesnececsseaeeeceseeecesaeeecseceecesaaeecnesaeeecseeaeeeeeneseeneaaes 123 
Tex. Gov't Code Ann. § § 601.007, .008(b), (c) (West 1994 & Supp. 2004) 0.0... eeceecesecesecececeeeeseeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeneenaes 123 
Title 1; General Provisions ......00s:s.cs00sessssossesssevevevscevesevevseevevscsvesssscssevesscsvesesscsosvesnvevevessesevedecseebesscdoevesevsvevesbesveveseesvedesscees 303 
Title 18 of the U.S. Code, Chapter 95 .0......ccceccecccescesecesecesecenecaeeeseesaecseeeseeesceneceneeceecaecsaecaaecseecaeeeaeeeaeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeneenaes 222 
Title 18: Crimes and Criminal Procedure ............cccccccccecececeseseeeseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseceseseseseseseseceseseeeseseceseseeeseseseseeeeees 303 
MIG O aases sect oa Soa te cet beadedsecaacticete tusvteccan cxbavadasusedserenseatianiz ators tavavatescee ce cacnsuvedacteacoesausstdteceda  oaadusoualceseeapaateeststaeetinonetices 200, 339 
Title 26 (L.R.C.) of the U.S. Code .......cccccccccccssccccssscccecssececsessecccssscececssececeessececessaececssececsenseeecnsaeeeecsseeeceeaeeecsseaeceesseeeesenaes 263 
Mitlé:26- Of thé UES. COG ses sce cicclevsavscactcachbesedeveactessund aauzevacecusessteaudenocscusevtlesteccs cqexsoved uendeseeadusousdacdeasosaguevedeseds sesannseenlaestcs 388 
Tithe: 26: Internal REVENUE iss i064 cos sdssvesssiinvsovsdascddsvasaveontdasvdassesnvoonsdasudsovasnvaontdonvdesveanveosdaudsovasnvooudd sdudecsessvoossbabedsovassveestbaavecs 303 
Title 28: Judiciary and Judicial Procedure o..... eee ee ee ceee cece cseeceeeeseeeeeeeeeeseceeceecesecssecaecsaecaeecaaeesaseaeseeeeeeaeeeeseeeseenseenaes 303 
De Facto Government Scam 13 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


WAS AD cocpsceceuessncbs Seance bitin abs duo cabin sec dbeds bad inCb Doan dew awe abe bus Sb cce buscaGE page cst ousabuteauadugvanadauley ac slous ans duevuonbiuevsiaailussesabevbenbanvens 270 





Atle 2 Ob THe S COG iscdactace cadesacatoattccenne tacadacedets ss ideusacocetatsvadeeeoeds catetanna cuneacaestetcascttceadecstutacae deneaaactteteceesvaeatomtaces 194, 201 
Title 42: The Public Health and Welfare .........ccccccccccccccccsccsccecscssssscssscessesessesssesceesesssessssscessessssesesesseesssesesssceceesesssesesesees 303 
Title S of the U.S. Code ....ccccicccccscsesssscescssosetccssvcsssceseccesevsscecssveisedscceccssssnecssasonscesscccedsvsceccosccsecensccssosseccdesees 188, 263, 266, 336 
Title 5: Government Organization and Employees ...00..... cei ceceesceeseeeeeeeceeeeeseeeeeesecaecaecsaecaeecaeeeaeseaeseeeseeseeeeeeeeeeesseenaes 303 
Title 50: War and National Defense :.:cccccccccscsscsccsccecossssseccccscvessstsssccescsssesssssenecescssoosecteceecescvavecsecaccecesdpansceedsscesvsdvasccesesceess 303 
Trust Indenture Act of 1939, 15 U.S.C., Chapter 2A... cccccecesecsceeceesceesceeecesecnsecsaecsaecnaecaaecaeecaeeeaeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeesensensenaes 243 
Tucker Act, 28 U.S.C.A. §1346(a)(2), 1491 ooo ccc ceccccccssecccnsscececssecececssececesssececsseseceesseeccneseeeecssseeceesaeeecsesaeeeenseseeeeaes 315 
MES 7.2 sss sca setae cadasasecececs cal’deawacsicncecsen'setads te cececaa dunsacdeececs si teieucncetecacsstacensace cated dan scaue cabeteta ascensacgeadats dak cuecadatatnsuent deeess 219 
MV SS DSO ccs fate teen aserns de cece cals ctaseca teicesateas odode du ceca cna tears acoee dec Hoke ceaacetetacsenaceneacs ce cususan ocnescatedete os sceoeaeeestats Genus ksatatnacae eoeks 248 
TS COS rose atc ca es Fetes ct esaics de ee cs Se vcasces dncecateaosece te circaaa suasacdee cece si teituc nce tacacestacee ace ce cetdan sete catedeta ass oeauseodats dak cuecssatatnseonssusexs 171 
Uniform Commercial Code (U.C.C.) woccccccccccccssccssssssscecsesssseecsseeesseccsesssseecaesseeecsueseseeecsaeceseeecsueeseseecsaeeseseecsueseeseecsseesenaes 68 
United States of America Money Act, | Stat. 246, April 2, 1792 ......eeecceeseesceesceseceeeceseceseceecseecaeeeaeeeeeeeeeeeeneeeeeeeseesenaes 135 
United States of America Money Act, | Stat. 246-251, Section 19 .....ecceceecceesceecceeeceseceseceeecececaeesaeeeeeeeseeeeeseeeeeeeeeeneenaes 137 
WS 98. 529M oases acct cast spac cess tech Sete castabcsn the feet sas sb saceeeseacsasbcssecoedeecapanacssaecctenee scree dsnesaube dices Oscebeneatopasesludsencerteteest is 220 
WS 2902 SI chs oe eas ces fost ee ees ahs ce ccescaneshaue feee sa tatuecencosezssei sore ccoiabacomanevucssuecsuewentec ia ceeedsasvantediccals te ssinteses ole deeevertetees es 220 
WSS 94S OM occa oo Sec ecalie es dobre cet cach cas senaueleeesautecsncescezsaebenssucmeacatenenauacesoecsteneuesuseccoedsnesaubesncceOssesesensoeneestedsercertetees es 219 
W. NICE 862 5= 2 a(S iiss sisivedsassanbevScasseseg aaaesds stead oasiebseeabtsdanenestan sacenedeastabs duane do latheaububledededdedosobs te aabtarsanauntennsnedecdanatsba tenses 219 
Regulations 

QOiC FIR: 8422 V3 ccc A5s cscs sx tacsbecesnsbosavenveveecvndbokanvheseeevenstekesvaesvoavsadb obec beeseebduadbekeabnebyacd sad rosasubevbsiuvacbesevsaeesecceetbebaencsees 336, 381 
20 CLEIR: S429: 103 (A) .cscisesszucseucsenesesasveteeeaistes esse cass vsteta vasleta ble Uevecus uss ssbuessiesosvaadesossndaeousenah soos vadeodeisnsvoustle te siecaneseibrseveate 170, 249 
QO CERES 422: 104 a ivccs cis. sacetevanevosanundeveexeacoonan iecveslevonsteltetiace vslevededahbevlessbulaSenceedav loss debi okesseaubaeszeedsncvogavensowslvencsess 141, 242, 335 
DD TRS GT as gees ccca cans sacra yct culos daca saien a ont seers teen santa lee e esse saa as pees POT e sa Ss ca ese cnen vusvoslek eet Soeaeseace see saeeeeesentsees 170 
22 C.F.R., Foreign Relations, Sections §§92.12 - 92.30 .....cceccssccssessseeseesseeseceeceseceseceaecaeceaecaeecaeeeseesseseneeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeenaes 206 
26'S FIRE SASF aD oases cbisin vuctccanesdesosanwnceicasals ocb onde eusvnsbgesaciehve voce ouleveuse usta vous eolesdacekes lets cn siehcsanavuss ned sates taubncspuencderseaadonsvetentsees 143 
26'C FUR: S3 OU G1 O9L, «cscs. sues sasvsnecasanbacevecesnebasdesnrsveesensdionta vadeoeavebed ehtevauseelesncdakss lous vubwohicnebsavass ney enceeiebnsbsalure dcvsoeudouoeeeeenmees 170 
26:6 FAR: SBOU 7 OLED ch cscicsvaccsescaneVorssbacevacsnns basen snes vslexunadletcn ac voevedsdunnavaes volesvacSakesbecsee uiehcsdasevees need entesceubnasyuevsdevsestenooseSencoees 141 
26'CFIR. 83134016) =3 exis senvcncseciash saulacevoussbes susa vans viedans seis sve teedessnubossuvnseedesvuasetvelutesoossheseevasedeecusandvacoibedeeneis ie setts 91, 253, 333 
26 CEFR: 931 34.0 L(G) = Diescctesnecesssenesh ses vede venus tes onte vassvitetavatls tases vases uss sebuvassiesesvnesedotende counsaabssbavasaodeisnsseuetie ls ouevauevastasaveres 189, 264 
26° CFR. §31 S402 (p= 1 sicicceviarecdecsacecctevscascteiues saa cuacasdecwa cases sa tenste caves azesaaeusdecti es ces ced caccndaucedadaadacatenatadeacasdaacteaueasiasanes 253, 333 
DO CSR A293 OO LOO ia, ocaossss srectcaiciccanssceceieisacvesescceescaucasesnusPeGseaceegev oo isae eee saeeen fa FELT eee nda ETL Sen eS 335 
2 Gl Gon BN) 24 0.9 PS 0 10 et pee eR ret x a ORD BEER OPE OE OEE OE OE 324 
SEER S635 80 OF sec, tectssiscectcaleieticis cccescacedvesescczeesacacsssuais secesaeasntaneensacsucas codeenas ugk Geese esc bm aaa a He paaecuaoi eee adenmenetesbece 199, 210 
SiC BIR ES 2635 ON a) eo cesssi vcectcatecccsass wecoscacaceevssccncosaacceseunesccqessescatea es eaece tea saen ee ceieasna ieee nsus aa aicas oon IRGeLe a ea 210 
SiG BIR &S2635: NOT CD) socessisccctcalcceicss cccekcnsecvessaccxcehccacsseoaus ecessea su suveesen eocesnesen es sa ceiees ec tenes ca eeu icasoueas degeisae es boned sae saatn canes 204 
Federal Resistere.ccsciccicccescds cceciacsecetniis seco sccua sevice cuasacesciievads cones cabec soueeh uaaeuGotececuacaeceeuasaccbuowes saaee sauenieueeveed shacoenseunseccasbacs 288, 323 
Wreasury Res ulations vicisccisscascisas caeaaes oicckeiosi seat esaehaca sandiee sabes ioaslbuuie czasebds cai bs casuediaecteeta beach saucentueus sgboseros sesasbexseuteraccuees 390 
Rules 

PB Wie2 1006 (9 6a 0 re ee 173 
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 17(b) ..89, 126, 141, 142, 153, 194, 196, 198, 208, 234, 235, 270, 292, 305, 325, 337, 357 
Federal Rule:of Civil Procedure: 17 (GD) issesssccsdccsssecesncdessatekes 3aicv sess cau decsacetvshes ceecesticnancesshasseaeedietevace toni aeeee iat saiveeeceenee 197 
Federal Rule:of Civil Procedure: 19 (D) seis cccss cccteccssadecessctedts csckesessccseuecadee estes heeessieiadecessicbaceectieeend cc savacssaeeedviciaatecsudoesesciee 128 
Federal Rule of Civil ProGedure 21 ss isceccscccccscssssccccsccessdcsucccccesessvsestecececcapvessdccecescdessvsbeceacescsevsoscedceeceossenusceescesvesssbecersscsues 128 
Federal Rule:of Civill Proceduré:8()(6) eiseccssccsisecssaaecssé castes caedeveseeesteaesieadeessdcsaves sdvaudecesseasiesaces¥ecesdcuesvecseaacessscuavaceoeaeds 324, 366 
Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 43 ..............scccccccssssssssssccecssvssssnscceccscvesensuscsccessessnanccecescesssnseacesessocssssnauesevcesvessnanesevseses 295 
Federal Ruleof Criminal Procedure 52(D)s sscccisscssacecdssccssec csakeseseecscecades Vokes saaeessdehaccesssuasscacenieecsdce sdvacsskescevicuascecoaaneecebebiee 302 
Federal Ruile-Of BVidenGe 610 icc. 3c scsecececsencseescccetiv Sea ctecsccosaeceseacescaeedeabvevedcaavencncasiseeecasveseieaducecdeasivesden slteebesssnsadeees 303, 339 
Federal Rule of Evidence 802 ..........ccccccccccsessessssssccesesssssscssscecessssessesecesssssnessssecsesesseesssescessessussssessessesssesssessessessesees 255, 335 
Hearsay Rule, Federal Rule of Evidence 802 .0..........ccccesecssecsseeseeeseeeseesceesecesccsecseceaecaaecaaecaeeeseeeseeeneseeeseeseeseeesenseenaes 303, 339 
Tax Court: RUG TS siccscscssvdscsesevedvecusbeesscbevevdsciesuivsccnvss)s Gubvies diveivseueuvlys eevee). Gabvies davetes eases es aeeen Gaba dowels 382, 383, 384 
De Facto Government Scam 14 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Cases 


AW heat. 404.4 LEG: OOM sisoscs csccsacsihscvnceveccsaceosesnans neice nade sane voce nnevsnes oasevods ve saeosee caus vnev ance oben seus vulevants ogeveneepsee sate obaadoustaeeonnsens 110 
A.C. Aukerman Co. v. R.L. Chaides Constr. Co., 960 F.2d. 1020, 1037 (Fed. Cir. 1992) oo... .cceccccccssecsseceseeeesseeeseeeeseeeeee 388 
Adderley v. State of Florida, 385 U.S. 39, 49 (1967) ......ccscesscesssesscessceseceecesecaeceaecseecaeecaeeesesceeseessceesecsaeenaeceaecaaeceeeaeeeneeees 60 
Adkins v. Children's Hospital, 261 U.S. 525, 544 , 43 S.Ct. 394, 24 A.L.R. 1238 oe ceececcesccecececeeceeseeeeeeeeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeenaes 322 
Allen v. Graham, 446 P.2d. 240, 243. (Ct. App. Ariz. 1968) 0.0... ceccecceecceescessceeeceecesecesecnaecaaecaeecaeeeaeeeaeseneeeeeeeeeeeneenasenas 283 
Amanda Sykes, Appellant v. The State of Texas, Appellee, NO. 03-02-00783-CR, COURT OF APPEALS OF TEXAS, 
LAIRD DIS TRIG T- AuS TIN esi cs occssees cascades cavevace succeded sacewessweceandeegcevaus Saedonee odes ede onevontsoacavnev ened eeesoses vas oolevanee oneevaue cued watee® 123 
American Constr. Co. v. Jacksonville, T. & K. W. R. Co., 148 U.S. 372 (1893) ooo. ceccccesscecececsesssssceeececeensnseaeeeeeens 301 
Arkansas-Missouri Power Co. v. Brown, 176 Ark. 774, 4 S.W.2d. 15, 58 A.L.R. 534 woe eeeeceeeseseseseseseseeeneee 52, 124 
Arnson v. Murphy, 109 U.S. 238, 3 Sup.Ct. 184, 27 L.Ed. 920... eeeeesseceeeeecneeceeeeeenaeceeeeeenaeeeees 88, 115, 174, 237, 282 
Ashton v. Cameron County Water Improvement District No. 1, 298 U.S. 513, 56 S.Ct. 892 (1936)... eee eeeeeeeeee 200, 207 
Ashwander v. Tennessee Valley Auth., 297 U.S. 288 (1936) 0... ceeceesccsseceeseeceseceeseeceeeeeeeeeceaeeeeaeecseeeenees 228, 243, 282, 284 
Ashwander v. Tennessee Valley Authority, 297 U.S. 288, 56 S.Ct. 466 (1936)... eeeceseeeesceceeeeeeseeceeeeeeneeceeeeeeneeees 68, 173 
Atlas Roofing Co. v. Occupational Safety and Health Review Comm'n, 430 U.S. 442, 450, n. 7, 97 S.Ct. 1261, 1266, n. 7, 
ST L.Ed 2d. 464. (197 7) csescesetsssechveccdessatesdbccneecgesasencdaceadussasaadeadeceeevesavescecdecavseste obececcuese seceeegeeecdesbsescdiedacessouanss 286, 310, 383 


Atlas Roofing Co. v. Occupational Safety and Health Review Comm'n, 430 U.S., at 455, n. 13, 97 S.Ct., at 1269, n. 13286, 
310, 383 





Attorney General v. Hatton, Bunbury's Exch. Rep. 262.00... ce cececeeeeseesceeeceeeeeseeesecesecsaecsaecaaecaeeeaeeeaeeeeeeeeseeeeeeneesaeenaes 323 
Attorney General v. Jewers and Batty, Bunbury's Exch. Rep. 225 oo... ceeceescessceseceecesecnecaeecaeeeaeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeseenseenaes 323 
Attomey: General v, Sewells4 MiGgw 2277 sccjecsiscssacesces sieve cas cheweies soles bpeusteabssuutsavecuabavas syseysteduavdatecuevboneduevels (sbvibedkevbessana vend 323 
Attorney General v. Weeks, Bunbury's Exch. Rep. 223 oo... eeeeseeeeeeceeeeeseceeeesecaecsaecaaecaeecaeeeaeeseeseeeeeeseeseaeeeseenseenaes 323 
Bailey ‘v.Alabamia,:219 WS.279 wscck ity sie, oie lie, abide et LS Le deal a CS ay 298 
Bailey vz Alabama 219 US. DTS iO 1D aces, siecce sec ieee Ra sccsn teeedea Tati, Ge, dae hha eae daa Danes ele vaciadiepelaa GWA ene canes 162 
Bailey v..State:of Alabama, 219 US. 219 (VOU) cscs. test. tece dea isiGe. ee hheen chats cta dadadad Saneblls evbaecuedeciondeusdas shanvebadeenbuecaguees 388 
Baker v. Montana Petroleum Co., 99 Mont. 465, 44 P.2d. 735......ccccccccssccccssscecesssececessseeecssseeceesseeecsesseeeessseseeesseeeeesaaes 52, 124 
Ball v. United States, 140 U.S. 118, [539 U.S. 78] 128-129 (1891)... cccccessecssecseceecsecesececsseceeeeecsaeceeeeessesseeeecsseeeeee 301 
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Co. v. Chambers, 73 Ohio.St. 16, 76 N.E. 91, 11 L.R.A., N.S., 1012 (1905)... eee eeeeeeeee 109 
Balzaév... Porto Rico; 258 U.S. 298 (1922) cance. cscckiatevs Sevhels tev bebe dheyieaceuebedeediececes ste snand sauncvonededesepanevedecéondewdasi suase Meveevecseeee 309 
Bank of Augusta v. Earle, 38 U.S. (13 Pet.) 519, 10 L.Ed. 274 (1839)... .eccesccssessseeseeeseeeeeeeeceeeceseeaeceaecaeeeeeaeeeneeees 63, 181 
Bank of Nova Scotia v. United States, 487 U.S. 250, 254-255 (1988) ......ccccssccsssecssecssscecssecesececsseeseeeecsaeeeeeecsaeseeeeecsaeeeees 302 
Barnet v. National Bank, 98 U.S. 555, 558, 25 L.Ed. 212 .....cccccccccccsssceceessececeseeeeeesneeecsesaeeesseeeeenenaes 88, 115, 174, 237, 282 
Beagle v. Motor Vehicle Acc. Indemnification Corp., 44 Misc.2d 636, 254 N.Y.S.2d. 763, 765 .....cccesceseseseeeeeees 112, 370 
Beck v. Buena Park Hotel Corp., 30 TII.2d. 343, 196 N.E.2d. 686 (1964) ..... cee eesceeceecnteceeeeecseeceeeeecaeceeeeeeaeceeeeeenaeeesee 282 
Beck v. Missouri Valley Drainage District of Holt County, 46 F.2d. 632, 84 A.L.R. 1089 (8th Cir. 1931)... eee 283 
Bell v. United States, 349 U.S. 81, 83 (1955) occ eccccccscccssscsscecssecssececssesseeeecsaeceeeeecsuesseeeecaecseeeecsueseeseecaesseeeesssesseeeecsaeseees 277 
Berends'v; Butz, 357 F:Supp: 143 C973) sesssvedecssetscccsacévcacscaducs dst esecesctetucecsassnogucsadasiegs sauescedecepeusacensoessouuse cvtrvssecstnbuecsescvees 100 
Blair v. Chicago, 201 U.S. 400, 50 L.Ed. 801, 26 S.Ct. 427 oo ceecceeneeceseeesececeeeeesneeceseeeeneeceseeeeaeeceeeeeneeceeeereneeens 52, 124 
Blanc v. United States, 140 F.Supp. 481 (E.D.N.Y.1956) ooo eee eeeceeeceeseeeceseceaecsaecsaecaaecaaeeseseeeseeeeeesseeeseeseenaeenaes 283 
Board of County Com'rs of Lemhi County v. Swensen, Idaho, 80 Idaho 198, 327 P.2d. 361, 362.0... 273, 327, 369 
Board of Education, etc. v. County Board of School Trustees, 28 Tl1.2d. 15, 191 N.E.2d. 65 (1963) ......ecceeseeseeeseeeeeeees 283 
Bogle Vi Bogle, 3: Alen, 158 accsecscocnsssacesusensdncteinscvenscosinnnsens corncs daccessaceedeccounseed casei ccuss a beinseda ctevscnadecs douaedsusaestacqsece sbancesscacsees 241 
Bollow v. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, 650 F.2d. 1093 (Oth Cir. 1981)... ccccccccecssecescecsseceeeeecsesseeeeesseeeees 158 
Boon: ¥;. Clark; 214:SiS. W007 oscescisosdeatiavasveesoueddasiasdasduuhsisssbeabossenedecSvssdapsodeasdousassoosubiesessceedosebatecabdslepsnoadessevedecdueabapatonseds 228 
Boone v. Merchants’ & Farmers’ Bank, D.C.N.C.. 285 F. 183. 19] oo ccecececesessseseeeseeeseseseeeseseseseseseseseseeeseseeeeesees 279 
Bowditch:v;, Banuielos, 1 Gray; 220) ...:c.2 ssissecisestdesseaseesesskncsobssnsabionstiocduonsebtbesnsionsd spethetsnsedectabveastibesodecsdennennssssedeedoenpenntioveds 241 
Bowers v. Kerbaugh-Empire Co., 271 U.S. 170, 174 (1926) oo... ee eeesesecseesecsseeeessecesesecseesecsaeeeesaecaeesecaeesessaeeeesaeeneeeeeaeeats 184 
Boyd v. State of Nebraska, 143 U.S. 135 (1892) oe .eececcesecsseeceeseeeseeseeesecesecesecaeceaecnaecaeecaeecseeeseeeeeseeeeeeeeeeeesenseenaes 154, 156 
Brady V..U.S4:397 UiS,, 742. (V97O) svcccscssssavecssusssasvachsSoansessasscsnssnseundanssensa dhasotecsaenonsencesese (entonabacbassagsdspaaseagoseds 247, 322, 340 
Bridgeport v. New York & N.H. R. Co., 36 Conn. 255, 4 AM. Rep. 63 occ eececeeccssecssesecseeeeceeeeeaecseesecaeesessaeeeeaeeateeeeneeae® 280 
Bridgeport v. New York & N.H.R. Co., 36 Conn. 255, 4 Am.Rep. 63 oo... eeeeceeccesecesecssecssecaeecaeeeseeeeeeeeeseeeeeeeseenseenseenaes 327 
Broadrick v. Oklahoma, 413 U.S. 601, 616 -617 (1973).......cccccsccsssecsseceeceecsseceeeeecsseceeeeecsaeenseees 88, 194, 235, 271, 274, 292 
Brookhart v. Janis, 384 U.S. 1, 86 S.Ct. 1245, 16 L.Ed.2d. 314 (1966)... ccccccscceeseecssecesseecsseeesseecsseeeeseeeseeeenees 322, 340 
Brooks v. Sessoms, 47 Ga.App. 554, 171 S.E. 222, 224 oo eecceeceesseceseeecsseceseeeeaeceseeecaaeceeeeecaeceeeeecsaeceeeeeeaeeeeneesnaeeeaee 279 
Brushaber v. Union Pacific Railroad Co., 240 U.S. 1 (1916)... ccc eccscccsscecssecesscecsseesseeecaeceeeeecsaecseeeecaeseeeeeaeeeeeeecsaeensee 246 
Buckley v. Valeo, 424 U.S., at 122, 96 S.Ct., at 683.0... ceceescessessceeeceeeceseceeceaeceeecseeeaeeeeeeeeeeseeeseeaeeaeeaeceaeeaeeeseeeneeses 88, 383 
Budd v. People of State of New York, 143 U.S. 517 (1892)... eccecceceseeeeeseeeeceeeeeeeceeenseenseeneeeeeees 193, 251, 252, 268, 331 
De Facto Government Scam 15 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Burgin v. Forbes, 293 Ky. 456, 169 S.W.2d. 321, 325 ooo eee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeesecaecsaecaetaeeeaeeeas 189, 264, 290, 377, 387 





Butler v. Phillips, 38 Colo 378, 88 P 480 ..........ccccesccsscceseceseceeecseecseeeseeeeeeeeeseceseensecaecaecsaecaaecaeecaeeeseeeaeeeeeeeeeereeerseeeeneenaes 300 
C.LR. v. Trustees of L. Inv. Ass'n, 100 F.2d. 18 (1939) woo. ccccscccesssececesececeeseeeceesseeecssseeceenseeecessseeeesteeeeeenaes 254, 334 
Caha v. U.S., 152 U.S. 211 (1894) ooo ccccccscccssecssseecssecesseecseessseecaesesseecsaeseeseecsaesseseecsaesseaeecsuesesseecsaeeseseecsareeeaees 127, 171 
Calder v. Bull, 3 U.S. 386 (1798) .....cccecceescesscesscessceeceseceecanecaeecaeeeaeeseesseeeseceseceeeeecaecaaecaaecaeecaeeeaeseneeeeeeeeeeeeseeeneenaes 186, 261 
Camden Vv. Allen, 2 Dutch., 398 oo... .cceccccccsscesssecssecesseecssesesseecseeseseecsaeeesseecaessesaecseeeenees 108, 112, 184, 254, 259, 318, 334 
Card v. State (Fla) 497 So.2d. 1169, 11 FLW 521, cert den 481 U.S. 1059, 95 L.Ed.2d. 858, 107 S.Ct. 2203 «00... 299 
Cargill v. Thompson, 57, Minn. 534, 59 N.W. 638.0... cescesccecsseceseeecsseceeeeecaeceeeeecsaeceeneecsaeceeeecsaeceeeeecsaeceeeeessaeceeneesaeeaes 374 
Carmine v. Bowen, 64 A. 932 (1906) .......c.ccccssscccssssececseececesseececssseececseneecnesaeeecseaaeeecaeeeceesaeeecseaaececaeeecsesaeeecsesaeeeseneeeeeeaaes 203 
Carter v. Carter Coal Co., 298 U.S. 238 (1936) ......cccccccesssccesssececseeececsneeeceeaeeecseaaeeeseeeecseaaececseaaecesseeeeceesaeeecsesaeeeseneseeneaes 322 
Carter v. Carter Coal Co., 298 U.S. 238, 56 S.Ct. 855 (1936) oo. ceceesseescessceesceeeceeeceseceaecnseceaecaeecaeeeseeeseseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeneenaes 207 
Catlett v. Hawthorne, 157 Va. 372, 161 S.E. 47, 48... ccccccccccssecesscecssecseccecssecseeeecsaesseeeecsaeceeeeecsaeeseeeecsaesseeeeessesseeeecsaeeeees 211 
Cereghino v. State By and Through State Highway Commission, 230 Or. 439, 370 P.2d. 694, 697 ......eeseeeeeeeeeee 134, 329 
Chambers v. Adair, 110 Ky. 942, 62 S.W. 1128 .o...eceeceeccesecssecsceeseeeseeeeeesneesceeseceeceecaecsaeceaecaeecaeeeaeeeseseeeseeeseeeeeeeeeaeenaes 299 
Cheltenham Tp. v. Cheltenham Tp. Police Dept., 11 Pa.Cmwlth. 348, 312 A.2d. 835, 838.00. eeeeceeeeeeeceseeeteenseenaes 276 
Chicago &c. R. Co. v. Chicago, 166 U.S. 226 oe escssssescesecseesecseceeeacecesecaeesecnesscesaeseesaecasesecseesesnasenesaeeneeaesaeeseens 132, 359 
Chicago ex rel. Cohen v. Keane, 64 II].2d. 559, 2 Ill.Dec. 285, 357 N.E.2d. 452........ 87, 101, 192, 198, 204, 267, 326, 355 
Chicago General R. Co. v. Chicago, 176 III. 253, 52 N.E. 880 .........cccecccesccesecesecceceeeeseeeeeseeeeeeeseeeseceaeesaecnaeeeeeaeeeneeees 52, 124 
Chicago Motor Coach v. Chicago, 169 N.E. 22... ceecsssecseesscsseeecsseessesecseesecsaesecsaecasesecaeesecsaeeeesaecasesecaeeaeesaeeeeeaeenetaeeaeeats 228 
Chicago Park Dist. v. Kenroy, Inc., 78 Ill.2d. 555, 37 Ill._Dec. 291, 402 N.E.2d. 181 . 87, 101, 192, 198, 204, 267, 326, 355 
Chisholm v. Georgia, 2 Dall. (U.S.) 419, 1 L.Ed. 440 (1794)... .cecceecceescescceeeceaeeesecseecaeecaeeeneeeseeseessecesecaeeaeeaesaeceeeaeeeneeees 63 
Chisholm v. Georgia, 2 U.S. (Dall.) 419, 1 L.Ed. 440 (1793) .....cecceeccessceesceseceseceneceseceeecaeecseeeeeeeeeeeeeereneeneenaes 107, 316, 358 
Chisholm v. Georgia, 2 U.S. (Dall.) 419, 447, 1 L.Ed. 440 (1793) ....ccecceesceeccsssceeeceeeceseceeceeecaeesseeeeeeeeeseeseeeneeeneeenaes 111, 369 
Chisholm, Ex'r. v. Georgia, 2 Dall. (U.S.) 419, 1 L.Ed. 454, 457, 471, 472 (1794)... .eecesceseceecsceeseeeeeeeeeeeeenereeseenteeneenaes 154 
Chrysler Light & P. Co. v. Belfield, 58 N.D. 33, 224 N.W. 871, 63 A.L.R. 1337 ...cccecccececsseesceeseeeseeeeceeeceseenaeenseeeeees 52, 124 
City of Boerne v. Florez, Archbishop of San Antonio, 521 U.S. 507 (1997)... .ecceeceesecesecececeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeesreneenaes 265, 367 
City of Terre Haute v. Burns, 69 Ind.App. 7, 116 N.E. 604, 608 ........cecceccceescesseeeeceeecesecesecsaecaeecaeeeaeeeeeeeeeseeeeeteeeeeeereneenaes 122 
Civil Service Comm'n v. Letter Carriers, 413 U.S. 548, 556 (1973)........ccccccccccccccecsesseneceeeeeeeenees 88, 194, 235, 271, 274, 292 
Clapp v. Sandidge, 230 Ky. 594, 20 S.W.2d. 449... ..ceccccecssecsseceesseesscesscesccsscenseensecsecsaecnsecaeecaeseneeeneeeneeeeeeeeenseneeeseenaes 299 
Clark v.. United: States,.95: U.S.939 (1877) ecsccctscsscsaccvscctecstacsasceeeacancessdetbccienslevccsadavasssddavtesdeabecsendiacsens ateased Qveaeusaneavaneune’ 248 
Clearfield Trust Co. v. United States, 318 U.S. 363, 369 (1943) .....eceeceeseeseseeceeeceecsseceeeceeecaeeeseeeeeeeeeeenees 98, 113, 274, 283 
Cleveland Bed. of Ed. v. LaFleur (1974) 414 U.S. 632, 639-640, 94 S.Ct. 1208, 1215... cece cececseeeceeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeneeeteenaes 388 
Chyatt:-viU.S.,.197 ULS..207 (L905) ccciceiscccstevatasacececdeazheceats sat eessathachicestcccas Havaccuesiviesadiacscadlicadaa ddutaen aueascdees 250, 285, 384 
Cohens v. Virginia,.6 Wheat. 264 (1821) \.c.cc.cccccccssssscsnccscscsosssvscsecbicesccctboescecetevessctaacecostacsecccbbeacsace seats sbavsvacuactensstavectecbice 255 
Colantti vy. Franklin, :439 US: 379 (1979) eccssceccaeFekeeees hatecissacesveccuateoadedbs nes chebessscaseteesdiedeacdestcceeacdoveng saa coui cuateccdaakvecsectiee 377 
Colautti v. Franklin, 439 U.S. 379, 392, and n. 10 (1979) oo... eeeesceescessceseceeeceeceseceaecsaecaeecaeecaeecseeeseseeeeeeeeereeeeeseenaes 162, 377 
Colautti v. Franklin, 439 U.S. at 392-393, n. LO wo... eeecececesecsceeceeeceeeeeeeceeeceseceseceseeeaeenaeceeeeneeeas 162, 189, 265, 290, 374, 387 
College Savings Bank v. Florida Prepaid Postsecondary Education Expense, 527 U.S. 666 (1999) oo... eeceeceseeecsteeeeeeees 98 
Collins v.. Kentucky, 234 U.S. 634, 638, 34 SiCt. 924 occ cccccecsetsececscssensecsseetecsscsssadseduetsceeduassstevccbectecssubiaesnesscaveaebacsenceveds 277 
Comegys v.. Vasse;, Pet. 193,.212,7 LvEd. 108 veccccssitsdeatciectenia elon tassel esesouiienie dendaes 88, 115, 174, 237, 282 
Commonwealth v. Di Stasio, 297 Mass 347, 8 N.E.2d. 923, 113 A.L.R. 1133.0... ccceceesssssccscecseesssssssscessessssseseesvens 299 
Commonwealth, Dept. of Highways v. Fister, 376 S.W.2d. 543 (Ky. 1964) oo... eeesessecseeeceeeeeesseceeesecaeeseeseeeecsaeeneteeeaeeaes 283 
Compare Springer v. Philippine Islands, 277 U.S. 189, 201, 202, 48 S.Ct. 480, 72 L.Ed. 845 0... ee cceeecseeeeceeeeeesseeeeeaeens 89 
Connally vs. General Construction Co., 269 U.S. 385 (1926) .....ceccescesscesseeescesseeeecesecesecsaecsaecaeecaeeeaeesseseneseeeeeeeseeeeenseenaes 277 
Connick v. Myers, 461 U.S. 138, 147 (1983) 00... eecceeceseceseceeeceeeceeeeneeeseeeeeeneeeeeseceseeneeeaeenaeenaes 88, 194, 235, 271, 274, 292 
Cook v. Singer Sewing Mach. Co., 32 P.2d. 430, 431, 138 Cal App. 418 woo. ceecsecseeceeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseereneeeeenseenaes 279 
COG KeVx, Tats ele eek cecctestes oi iceet exten ces Ae ctuhs at aretel duseteune: beeset est vacesns Suetyearsdestedeyed unary edeneasned seadssmeresunedinpade tee osesstetieeentecvete 131 
Cook v. Tait, 265 U.S. 47 (1924) wo... .cccccssccssscssssecssscssscecsssessseecesssesssecessesssecsssessasecsesssensecssseeasecsesssesaeceesessaaeess 127, 129, 130 
Cooke v. United States, 91 U.S. 389, 398 (1875).......ccccessssecscecseeeseeesceeseeseceeeeseceseceseeaecaaecaeecaeeeaeeeseeeeeeeees 99, 113, 274, 284 
Cotton v. United States, 52 U.S. (11 How.) 229, 231, 13 L.Ed. 675 (1851) .o..eeececeesccesececeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeeeeeseenseeneenaes 111, 369 
Crowell v. Benson, 285 U.S. 22, 52 S.Ct. 285, 76 L.Ed. 598 (1932) .....ecceccesscceseceseceeeceeeeeeeeeeeseeeereeeeeeereneenaes 286, 310, 383 
Crowell v. Benson, supra, 285 U.S., at 50-51, 52 S.Ct. at 292... eee eeseeceseceeeeceeeeeeneeceeeeeneeceeeeeeneeceeeeseneeees 286, 310, 383 
Cruper ve Halliday, 11 Paige, S14 soos soc sctua sc teveieensnesoasnseesensd cease esnisvorecnsovteasisesesgucenssd gaegicesatesousdgentde lesceuseostesesiveandureoradentes 241 
Cubic Corp. v. Marty, 4 Dist., 185 C.A.3d. 438, 229 Cal. Rptr. 828, 833 .o...c.eccecccesceseceseceeeceeeceeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeereeseseeeeneenaes 241 
Curtin v. State, 61 Cal-App. 377, 214 P. 1030, 1035 oc. ceecececeseesceeeeeeceeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeceeeenseenaeeneeeeeens 170, 197, 203, 336, 380 
Davidson v. New Orleans, 96 U.S. 97, 102.00... cccccceceseseseseseseseseseseseseeeseseseseseseseseseseseseseeeseseseseseseeeseseseseseeeseeens 132, 359 
Davis v. Davis. TexCiv-App., 495 S.W.2d. 607. O11 wee eececeseceeceecseeceeceeceseceseeeceaeceseeecsaeeseaeecaeeeeeeeceaeeeeeeectaeennees 133, 329 
De Facto Government Scam 16 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


De Groot v. United States, 5 Wall. 419, 431, 433, 18 L.Ed. 700 oe eee cee cee cseeceeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeens 88, 115, 174, 237, 282 





DeCarlo v. Geryco, Inc., 46 N.C.App. 15, 264 S.E.2d. 370, 375 wee eeccesceesseceseeecnseceeeeecaeceeneecaeceeneecaeceeneeesaeceeeeeeaeeeaee 276 
Del Vecchio v. Bowers, 296 U.S. 280, 286, 56 S.Ct. 190, 193, 80 L.Ed. 229 (1935)... cccccccescecccecsesssssceeececeensnseeeeeeeens 388 
Delamora v. State, 128 S.W.3d 344, 2004 Tex. App. LEXIS 1059, No. 03-02-00557-CR, 2004 Tex. App. LEXIS 1059, at 
*25-33 (Tex. App.--Austin Feb. 5, 2004, no pet. I.) oe eececsecseecseeceesenevenseneeseeeseesseesaecsaecsaecneecaeeceaeenevenseeaseseees 123 
Delany v. Moralitis, C.C.A.Md., 136 F.2d. 129, 130 oo. .eccecccsecsceesseescessceeeceecesecesecaecaecaaecaeecaeeeaeeeeeseeeeeeseseeeeenseenaes 112, 370 
Delaware &c. R. Co. v. Pennsylvania, 198 U.S. 341, 358 woo. eececescceseeceeceeeeecsaeceeeeecaeeeeaeeceaeeeeaeecaeeeeneesnaeeeenees 132, 359 
Deming v. United States, 1 Ct.Cl. 190, 191 (1865)... eee ceseceseecseceeeeecaeceeeeecsaeceeeeecaaeceeeecsaeceeeeecsaeceeneesaeceeneessaeeeeee 275 
Dismuke v. United States, 297 U.S. 167, 56 S.Ct. 400, 80 L.Ed. 561 (1936) 0... .ccccccccccccccecsssssseceeececsessssececececsensnseaeeeeeens 283 
Division of Aid for the Aged, etc., v. Hogan, 143 Ohio.St. 186, 54 N.E.2d. 781 (1944) oo. .eccecceceesseeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeeeeeseenees 282 
Dollar Savings Bank v. United States, 19 Wall. 227... eccecssccesncecssecesceeceseceencecaeceeeeecsaeeesaeecaceeeaeecsaeeeeaeecsaeeeenees 139, 323 
Downes v. Bidwell, 182 U.S. 244 (1901)... ccc ccccssccceessececesssececnsseeceesseeecessseeeenseeeesenaes 47, 61, 100, 104, 110, 298, 390 
Downes v. Bidwell, 182 U.S. 244 (1901), Justice Harlan, Dissenting ................ccccesceesecesecececeeeeeeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeenseenaes 51,52 
Dred Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. 393, 508-509 (1856) .......ccccccccssseceessscecessececeseseceenseeecessaeeecnssseceeseeecessaeeeensseeseenaes 251, 330 
Dred Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. 393, 509-510 (1856) ......ccecceccccesseceessscecesssececessseceesseeecesaseeecsseeceeaeeecessaeeeentseeseeaes 128, 171 
Economy Plumbing & Heating v. U.S., 470 F.2d. 585 (1972)... ce esscsssscssesecseeeeceseeeeesecaeesecneeseesaeeeeaesateseeaeeats 254, 334, 362 
Edler v. Frazier, 174 Iowa 46, 156 N.W. 182, 187 .......cccccccccccccecssssscceccecscssssscssesccecsesssessssccucsessesesesesceesessueseceesestessseseeesens 177 
Edwards v. Cuba Railroad, 268 U.S. 628, 633 ....c.cccccccsessscssccecesssssscescceceesssssesscsscccsessusssssececeessuseseseeceeseeuesscessessenssesesevens 184 
Electric Co. v. Dow, 166 U.S. 489, 17 S.Ct. 645, 41 L.Ed. 1088... ic ccceesssesccecesssssecssscceecsesseesseesesssessesseseseeseenees 68 
Elliott v. City of Eugene, 135 Or. 108, 294 P. 358, 360........ccecceesceescessceeeceecesecaeceaecaeecaeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeenaeenas 280, 281, 327 
Ellis v. Boston, H. & E. Railroad, 107 Mass. 1 ...c.ccccceecccscccccecesssssscceccccecssssscssesececsessecsessececsessesssssceceesssssessceesessessseseeesens 241 
Ellis v. United States, 206 U.S. 246, 27 S.Ct. 600 (1907)... cccccecccsssccceessececessseeecsseseceeseeecsesseeeesssseceeaseeeessaeeeersneeeeesaes 316 
Energy Reserves Group, Inc. v. Kansas Power & Light Co., 459 U.S. 400, 412-413, and n. 14 (1983)... eee eeeeeeeeeeee 274 
Evans V:Grores 253 WS 2 2A S ce2ccic secon lene acsbivacvaus Goer seahsdnciiedsncpanbevercetecdaenpabueiersescadusansaSocuevedpususeyeceue cdecsabnanbesscsouseebdesta toes us 289 
Evans ‘v;.,Gore; 253 US 245. (1920) sss ccsscscccchacssndevsceees syacasdesanccsbdbocedadssicdeas coivesacebissovtdiavscadeiivsves Gsbvastesiausncdelantce 54, 312, 313 
Everson 'v. Bd. of Ed., 330: U.S. 1,.15 (1947) ccccccccscccccccssacsccosteccssostaccesssstccsneccacossecdeveseacdsnbocesdbvescecserscccedeescsscbocescosbancesedeans 352 
Ex parte Atocha, 17 Wall. 439, 21 L.Ed. 696..........cccecccesecsecsseeseeseceeeceeeeeseeesecaeeaecaaecaeecaeeeneeeeeeeeeeenens 88, 115, 174, 237, 282 
Ex parte Grundy, 110 Tex. Crim. 367, 8 S.W.2d. 677, 677 (Tex. Crim. App. 1928)... eee cee ceeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeenseenseenaes 123 
Ex parte State ex rel. Attorney General, 100 So. 312, 313, 211 Ala. Lee eecceeneeenseceeeeecnseceeeeecnaeceeeeesaeeeeeeesnaeeeeee 279 
Farmers’ & Mechanics’ National Bank v. Dearing, 91 U.S. 29, 35, 23 L.Ed. 196 ......eceeecesseeseeeees 88, 115, 174, 237, 282 
Fauntleroy v. Lum, 210 U.S. 230 , 28 S.Ct. 641 oo... ee eeessessecceescecneceesceesneccesseesneceescsesnaceesseesnecesesesnaceesssesneceeseees 139, 322 
First Trust Co. of Lincoln v. Smith, 134 Neb. 84, 277 N.W. 762 (1938).......c.cccccccccecssscccessececssseeceessececessaeeeesseeeeeenaes 107, 136 
Fischer v..United:States,.529- U.S. 667 (2000): .cccccscccceseicsctecksccecsstececasans coves ct casssctaveses Macbcdsad seccecuevassachusicenebuceccesapteccpsbacs 277 
Flemming v. Nestor; 363 U.S..603 (1960) ciccccccccccsccesescescessscttcsscecnacsccnstevescecdavaccvadaeteencoacteescaaceseacesddesachbeavaccnae’ 166, 240, 242 
Flemming v. Nestor, 363 U.S. 603, 80 S.Ct. 1367 (1960)... eee ceecceesseceeeeecnseceeeeecsaeceeneecsaeceeeecsaeceeeeecsaeceeneesaeceeeeeenaeeeaee 283 
Flemming v. Nestor, 363 U.S. 603, 80 S.Ct. 1367, 4 L.Ed.2d. 1435 (1960)..........ceecceecceseceseceeeceeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeesereeeeeeeeneenaes 283 
Flint-v. Stone Tracy Coy 220 WS: 107 CIGD) ic iiveccssiesecsnattucees sesves coed apes Coevedebethaa ade sulsassebs@banavsshepeds bolbunedesieeveSvleedveri eds 328 
Flora ‘v: WES. ;,362 US: TAS (1960) acissiceveseeeiieebeckisnds cecesdsoecesedssieedecoeddupstsduaneds volbvecdadsexcaeiaeaanans dianedabilaaaesanevbevsueeaatentuedees 331 
Flora v. United States, 362 U.S. 145, 80 S.Ct. 630, 647 (1960)... ccc ceccscecesssececsseeeceeseeecnesseceesseeeeecsaeeeeessaeeeentseeeeenaes 288 
Foley Brothers, Inc. v. Filardo, 336 U.S. 281 (1949) ......ecceecceescsscceesceseceeeceneceeecaeecaeeeeeeeseseceeeceseseeeeeeeceaeseaeenaesneeeeeeas 127, 171 
Fong Yue Ting v. United States, 149 U.S. 698 (1893)... ee ceeeeeesenevensencessesssessersserseesseecseecessnsversesssessenssenserssersees 223 
Fox v. Standard Oil Co. of N.J., 294 U.S. 87, 95-96 (1935) oc. eccccscccssssscecssseeceessseeeessaeees 162, 189, 265, 290, 374, 377, 387 
Franklin County v. Public Utilities Com., 107 Ohio.St. 442, 140 N.E. 87, 30 A.L.R. 429... cecceseceseeeseeeeeeeeeeeeerees 52, 124 
Franklin Fire Ins. Co. v. Noll, 115 Ind.App. 289, 58 N.E.2d. 947, 949, 950 ........cccesscssccesecesecesecececseeceeeeseeeeeeeeeeereeeeeneenaes 177 
Friés's: Case: (CC) F Cas: No S126 i civasentvverctherteveaitvacts Giana dik ce esdeeakes bextenbacevexcbvaney eduasads teveseqpelles aveauereceseleqpace ¥ésveseetevukteeeteneduts 60 
Frost & Frost Trucking Co. v. Railroad Comm'n of California, 271 U.S. 583.0... ccceesceesceesceeseeeeceeeeeeceaeenneceeeeaeeees 114, 367 
Frost v. Railroad Commission, 271 U.S. 583, 46 S.Ct. 605 (1926)... ccccccccsscecesssececesseeceesseseceesseeeensseeeeesseeeessaaes 93, 226 
Fullilove v. Klotznick, 448 U.S. 448, at 474 (1990) oo... cece cecscececssscececssececesssececsseeeceesueeecnesseeecssseeceeseeecessaeeeesseseeeeaes 172 
Fulton Light, Heat & Power Co. v. State, 65 Misc.Rep. 263, 121 N.Y.S. 536... cee ceescecsseceeececeeeeeeceeceeceeeeecneeeeeees 133, 328 
Gaitan v. State, 905 S.W.2d. 703, 707 [*9] (Tex. App.--Houston [14th Dist.] 1995, pet. ref'd) ........ ee eeceeseeeseeeeeeeeeeees 123 
Gardner v. Broderick, 392 U.S. 273, 277 -278 (1968) ........cccccccccccsssccceessececsssceceesssceceeseeeenssaeeeens 88, 194, 235, 271, 274, 292 
Georgia Dep’t of Human Resources v. Sistrunk, 249 Ga. 543, 291 S.E.2d. 524 ......... 87, 101, 192, 198, 204, 267, 326, 355 
Georgia R. & Power Co. v. Atlanta, 154 Ga. 731, 115 S.B. 263 woo. ceccecsseceseeeceeeeeeeeceaeeeeneeceaeeeeaeecaeeeseeecnaeeeeeees 244, 246 
Glassv.. The Sloop Betsey, 3:(U:S.) Dall @.cicc.c. sccccsesscesesscscsensevecesnssssesnesends seuss cerseeseteaseesousenseseudsssebscussensedeesessneesuereoss 97, 125 
Glassv. The: Sloop Betsys-3: (US) Dal 6 vissecetecscoccsessdeszsrsscesnceustesnsscscasieocssasezaces jousevedgendsesegdusesdiceudscuasousevudgecddusesensevscssoaedee 64 
Glasser v. United States, 314 U.S. 60, 70-71, 86 L.Ed. 680, 699, 62 S.Ct. 457 oo... cccccessssececececsessaeeeeeeeesenteaeees 322, 340 
Glidden Co. v. Zdanok, 370 U.S. 530, 535 (1962) ......ccccccccccssscccsssececssscecesnsececessseeecsseeecseseeecnssseeecssseeceessseecessseeeesseseeseaes 301 
De Facto Government Scam 17 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Glidden Co. v. Zdanok, 370 U.S. 530, 8 L.Ed.2d. 671, 82 S.Ct. 1459, 50 BNA LRRM 2693, 45 CCH LC { 17685 ....... 299 





Glidden Co. v. Zdanok, 370 U.S., at 548-549, and n. 21, 82 S.Ct., at 1471-1472, and n. 21... 286, 310, 383 
Glidden, 370 U.S. at 536 wo... cccccccscccssscesscecssecesseecssesesseecsseeeseeecssecesseecsaeeeeseecsaeseeseecsaeseeeeecsueeseseecsueesessecsaeeeessecsaeeeenees 301, 302 
Godesky v. Provo City Corp., Utah, 690 P.2d. 541, 547... eecceencecsseceeceecesecesececaeceseeecsaeeesaeecaceeeaeecsaeeeeaeecnaeeeenees 303, 338 
Gomiillion v. Lightfoot, 364 U.S. 339, 345 oo... ecceccesecesecssecceeseeeseeseeeeeeseeeseesecseecsaecnaecaaecaeecseeeaeeeeeeeeeeeeeeereeeeeneenaes 114, 178 
Goodrich’ V. Edwards;:255 WS: 527-939 sds astesc0i cxdvecesduccatuscsdecsdstaiusvns tedeevesivasotusssdeed0stuisavws tedvesssiusseteiayddelisteisoeitsivedastesveds 183 
Gordon v. United States, 7 Wall. 188, 195, 19 L.Ed. 35 woe ccc ccccccssesesececsseceeeeecsesseeeecsaeseeeeeesseeeees 88, 115, 174, 237, 282 
Grand Trunk Western R. Co. v. South Bend, 227 U.S. 544, 57 L.Ed. 633, 33 S.Ct. 303 ......ccceececeeeeeeeseeeseeeeeseeeeeee 52, 124 
Graphic Arts Finishers, Inc. v. Boston Redevelopment Authority, 357 Mass. 49, 255 N.E.2d. 793, 795... eesceseeeseeeeeee 276 
Graves v. People of State of New York, 306 U.S. 466 (1939) ......cceecceescesseeesceeseeeeceecneeceaeceaecaeecaeeeaeeeaeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeereneenaes 200 
Great Falls Manufacturing Co. v. Attorney General, 124 U.S. 581 occ eeecseescseseeceseeeesseceeesecneesecnaeeeesaeeeeeaeseeeeeens 243, 282 
Great Falls Manufacturing Co. v. Attorney General, 124 U.S. 581, 8 S.Ct. 631, 31 L.Ed. 527... cccccceeseeseeeeeeeeeteeeees 173 
Great Falls Mfg. Co. v. Attorney General, 124 U.S. 581, 8 S.Ct. 631, 31 L.Ed. 527... eee eesseeeceeceeeseceeeeeeeecaeeneeaeens 68 
Green v. Dept. of Public Welfare of the State of Delaware, 270 F.Supp. 173 (Del.1967) .......eceeseesecseesceeeeeceaeeeeteeaeeaee 283 
Gregory Vv: Ashicroft; 501 US8::452,A58 (199 1 )icccses scsscissceecestsashoigeseusnesssoebeidiscunedeessupebdosoteadaepseheie+etosohepeuserscoatesdasssabibsossbeot 62 
Gulf Refining Co. v. Cleveland Trust Co., 166 Miss. 759, 108 So. 158, 160 ..........eeccesccesccesecececceeseecseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeeenaes 328 
Gulf, C. & S. F. R. Co. v. Ellis, 165 U.S. 150 (1897) .o....cceccccccsccesseecessceessecseeeeseecseeeeeseeceseeecseecseeeeeeeneeeesaeens 106, 107, 110 
Gulf, C. & S.F.R. Co. v. Ellis, 165 U.S. 150 (1897) ...ccccccccccssscesssecssececseecsseeeseeecssesseseecsaeeecseecsaesseseecsaeeeeseecseeeenees 274, 280 
Hale v. Henkel, 201 U.S. 43, 74 (1906) oo... ccceccscesscecssecseneecssesesseecssesseseecsaeseeeecsuesseseecsaeeeeseecsueeseeeecsaesenseecseeeeenees 188, 263 
Hall v. Wingate, 159 Ga. 630, 126 S.E. 796, 813........cccescesecssecsceeseeeseeeseeseeescceseeesecesecsaecsaecaaecaeecaeeeaeeeseeeseseeeseeereeseneenaes 177 
Halperin v. Kissinger, 606 F.2d. 1192 (D.C. Cir, 1979) ooo ceecesseeeceseecessecseesecneeecsaeeecsaecaessecseesesnaeeecsaeeeeeaesaeeaeens 107, 136 
Hammer v. Dagenhart, 247 U.S. 251, 275, 38 S.Ct. 529, 3 A.L.R. 649, Ann.Cas.1918E 724.00... ceccsceeseeseeeeceeeeeeeeeteeaes 207 
Iansoney:. Vernon, 277 Dai. 207 c.c.205 5: scracetcacecsh iavevstbessaate cues vecosesdbrubeuserects cupont cache scanisenisbsauses tet seuksteuesGedeuenenteeetsuvedhicesacnebees 254 
Hanson: ¥:. Vernon, 27 Lace AF ciccteisssevacetesssiessn vovecdeiesassSoncsbiossadsseyeecucetioedacavnbsdeeusvscsdesessuesesidesdecpoesechtsebedsesbn 112, 184, 259, 318 
IMfansonevs. Vernon, 27 Taes:A7 scsscssecccesabaceisetcaccsauavadeiace sag8l ses vaceisei vabeeeucadet) gavaeas dia vacessuieapelachiadsibavvaeardeieadeisa ene adasieiesbeiaes 334 
Harman v. Forssenius, 380 U.S. 528 at 540, 85 S.Ct. 1177, 1185 (1965)... eeccccccecssececeseeeeesseeeeeseseeeesseeenees 114, 178, 367 
Harrell v;. Tobriner, 279 F.Supp: 22:(D:C.1967) a ccssccssscescssscsstesses seasssacasectesdtevectscusveves cdeoesdeibceceeduedesnocabiavss cbusselseutwecsaesses 283 
Hatch ‘v: Carpenter, 9: Gray (Mass.) 274 sissocctcscaderscessachsbestesaivasas shassesdeatestessnatssbesdbvaves des ibesdeabeceeoessds chobbadutuareestetbeevendiacs 279 
Hatter vU.S,932 UsS. S57 (2001) wcessecesseecsbecvsvecdeleccesietecscidakeweses ein ccsadea ss tues chet siseuaeiees dia vssadel bceasecd sivtseateeveiflasts takswses ie 102 
Hatter y.US;,532°U.S. S57 atS67 (2001) ceseccssecdesccesssctetecesant sieedessvecsdesss ou cashstesteclaeees dia Susedexsceaxacd siaaweshewedei flatts suihesnseliee 314 
Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States, 379 U.S. 241 (1964)... ccc ccccccecssececsssseeecssseececsseeecessseeeenseseeseaes 265, 367 
Heim v. McCall, 239 U.S. 175, 188, 36 S.Ct. 78, 82, 60 L.Ed. 206 (1915) oo... ecceccecesssececssseecessseeecseaeeesnseeeeneaes 111, 369 
Hoffmann v. Kinealy, Mo., 389 S.W.2d. 745, 752......:cccsccssesssecsseeseescesscesscescecenseenseensecsaecsaecaeecaeeeneeseeesueeeeeeeeeueeeeseneeaes 133 
Home Bldg. & Loan Ass’n v. Blaisdell, 290 U.S. 398 (1934) oo. ee ceeeccseeseceseeecesecseesecseesecsaeeecsaecaeesecaeeseenaeeeesaeeateaeeaeeats 108 
Home Bldg. & Loan Ass’n v. Blaisdell, 290 U.S. 398, 54 S.Ct. 231, 78 L.Ed. 413, 88 A.L.R. 1481 (1934)... 107, 136 
Housing Authority of Cherokee National of Oklahoma v. Langley, Okl., 555 P.2d. 1025, 1028 oo... eee eeeeeeseeeeee 251, 330 
Hughes v. United States, 953 F.2d. 531, 536-537 (9th Cir. 1991) oo... eeceeceeseeesceeeceeecesecesecneeeneeseeeees 182, 253, 333, 362, 384 
Hume v. U.S., 10 S.Ct. 134, 132 U.S. 406, 33 L.Ed. 393.0... ccccccccccssecssececsecesececsseceseeecaeceseeecsuesseeeecaeseeeeecsseeseeeecsaeeeses 177 
In re Application of Eng, 113 Wash 2d 178, 776 P.2d. 1336.0... eeesessecseesecsseeecsseceeesecseesecneeeecsaecaeesecsessessaeenesaeeaeeeeeaeae® 299 
In re Bergeron, 220 Mass. 472, 107 N.E. 1007, 1008, Ann.Cas.1917A, 549 oo... cceeceecsseceseeecsseceeneecnaeceeeesaeceeneeenaeeeeee 210 
In re Durant Community School District, 252 Iowa 237, 106 N.W.2d. 670 (1960)..........:cesccececeseeeseeseeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeteeneenaes 283 
In.ré: McCowan... 177 Cal::93;,170 Py 1100 (TOV 7) cveciovactt cohsceye cues canlevenceu slivers aaesaads eeeababicdbeeaveslayodeeenseyeeiendndeaadyetenees 158 
Ince Mytinger;. D.C. Tex..3 1 F Supp: 977,978,979 vscec.ccwstvschssvedeevabeubeu eed dideds elses aie elababboudvesns dabei leevag viawveaeedavens 185, 260 
In re O’Donnell’s Estate, 253 Towa 607, 113 N.W.2d. 246 (1962) .......ecceeseescessceseceeeceseceseceeecseecaeeeseeseeeeseeeeesreeeeesensenaes 282 
In. ré‘Olinstead, 24 App: Div: (Ni Y.) 190 secs estes tah ata ouie iain iitleaee Had heed ie idaly ie see anagem eae a 241 
In re‘Pardee's Estaté,.259 App: Div 101, 18 NOYS 202-413 ioc ccoshectiesthia sesh stedscedieasdesvussensdbunaesshevesebsdavssapaseevsenvenusensenevucy 300 
In re Riggle's Will, 11 A.D.2d. 51 205 N.Y.S.2d. 19, 21, 22 oo. .eeceecccccscesscesscessceseceecssecesecseeceeeceeeenseseeeeneeseeseeeseenseeseenaes 287 
In re Santillanes, 47 N.M. 140, 138 P.2d. 503 ........cccccccccsscesscecssecesceecsessescecsseceeeeecsaesseeeecaeceeeeecsaesseseecaesseeeecsaeseeeeecsaeeeees 299 
In re Turner, 94 Kan. 115, 145 P. 871, 872, Ann.Cas.1916E, 1022 00... ccc cccccccssccssecesseecsseeesseecsesesseecseeeeseecseeeenees 283, 378 
In re Wingler, 231 N.C. 560, 58 S.E.2d. 372 ..e..eececccecccescceseceeecscecseeeseeseeeeeeseceseceseceecaecaecaaecaeecaeeeseeeaeeeeeeeeeseeeeeseeeneenaes 299 
Indiana State Ethics Comm’n v. Nelson (Ind App), 656 N.E.2d. 1172... eee 87, 101, 192, 198, 204, 267, 326, 355 
Inland Navigation Co. v. Chambers, 202 Or. 339, 274 P.2d. 104 (1954)... ceeccecssecesececseceeeeecaeceeeeecaeceeeeesaeeeeeeesnaeeeeee 283 
Insurance Co. of North America v. Kunin, 175 Neb. 260, 121 N.W.2d. 372, 375, 376........ccccscsscccccssesssssscescessessssseseessens 295 
International Harvester Co. v. Kentucky, 234 U.S. 216, 221 , 34 S.Ct. 853 ooo ceeceecsseceseeeceeeceeeeecnaeceeneeeaeceeeeeeaeeeeee 277 
International Shoe Co. v. Washington, 326 U.S. 310 (1945) oo... eee eesceeneeceseceeeeecseeeeeeeecsaecesacecaeeeeaeecaeeeeaeecsaeeseateceaeeesaees 97 
Irwin v. Gavit, 268 U.S. 161, 167 occ cccccscccsscccssecesccecssesesseecssessseeecsaecseeeecaecseeeecsuesseeecsaeseseeecsuesseeecsaesseeeecsuesseetecsaeenees 184 
Jack Cole Co. v. MacFarland, 337 S.E.2d. 453, Tern. ......ccccccccccccccccccccccccccececeuecccccecsceesceeeeseecesseecececeeececeseseeeceveseseeeeees 93, 229 
De Facto Government Scam 18 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


James v. Bowman, 190 U.S. 127, 139 (1903) .....ce ee cccccessssececeeeessssececeeeceeseseaeseeececeeeeaeseeseecseeaeeececeeeessaaeeeeeeeesenses 265, 367 








Jaremillo v. Romero, 1 N.Mex. 190, 194 ..cccccccccccccccccccccececcceeeeeceeseseseeeseeeseeeseeeseeescessceeececscececessceseceseseseseseveseeees 250, 284 
Jensen v. Brown, 19 F.3d. 1413, 1415 (Fed .Cir.1994) o.oo. ccccccssseccceceesessaeceeececsesssaeeeeceecseseaesecececeeseseaeceeeesenesseaeees 388 
Jersey City v. Hague, 18 N.J. 584, 115 A.2d. 8... eee ceeeceeeeecneeceeeeecnaeeeeeeeenaeeeeee 87, 101, 192, 198, 204, 267, 326, 355 
Johnson v. Manhattan R. Co., 61 F.2d. 934, 938 (CA2 1932) (L. Hand, J.) oo... ecccccssccccccecsessssececececeesssseaeceeeeeesenseaeees 302 
Johnson‘v..State,.27 Ga: App: 679,109 SE S26:52.7 vs ciscccescesescesdecceanecs antecayedeaters sssevedeevscea cadveaveceanseciaydesecadeisectscedesessteeness 122 
Johnson v. Zerbst, 304 U.S. 458, 464, 82 L.Ed. 1461, 1466, 58 S.Ct. 1019, 146 A.L.R. 357 ooo ccccsscteceeeeeesenseaeees 322 
JONES; IC) Cty at 85 eessdecdeccccvcccedscvecteecesdestusdsveravsaeceoecstaacouceaseceecaseactaus dean eecsacuscewdseeccseaaqateabsdeanesusacerebiaeeecedeasieaeus teaoenes 99, 284 
Julliard v. Greenman: 110 U.S. 421, (1884)... ce ceccececeesececsneeeceesaeeecsesaececseeeeceesaeeecsesaeeeceeeeeenssaeeecsesaeeesseeeeeneaee 60, 112 
Kaehn v. St. Paul Co-op. Ass'n, 156 Minn. 113, 194 N.W. 112. cece ceeeceeeeecseeceeeeecaeceseeecaaeceeneecaaeceeeesaeceeeeesaeeeaee 211 
Katz v. Brandon, 156 Conn. 521, 245 A.2d. 579, 586 ....cccccccccccccssccecesssececssscececssececessaeeecsseseceessseecseseeeensseeeeens 185, 260, 329 
Keller v. State, 102 Ga. 506, 31 S.E. 92 oo... ccccccccccccccsssccceessececesssececsseeeceessececessseeecseseceessseecnesseeecsseeceesaeeecessaeeeesneseeeenaes 279 
Kelley v. Johnson, 425 U.S. 238, 247 (1976)... eesceeccecsseceeneecseeceeeeecaeceeneecaeceeneecaeceeneeenaeeesnees 88, 194, 234, 270, 273, 292 
Kent:v.. Dulles, 357 US. 116 W958) scccciescsisscsevecsasvsesaaseseiessoosea soassncnsceasasabe veces rsbbanosvensseubaeadodebnsncsdendosdensesssvetnadsosoabiaoeneas 227 
Labberton v. General Cas. Co. of America, 53 Wash.2d. 180, 332 P.2d. 250, 252, 254......ccccccccccccessesssesseseeeseesseeeees 133, 328 
Lacey v. State, 13 Ala-App. 212, 68 So. 706, 710..........ceccesccesecsceeseeeeeeeseeeeeeeeeeseeeseeeseeeaeeeaeceaeenneeaeees 170, 197, 203, 336, 380 
Lane v. Railey, 280 Ky. 319, 133 S.W.2d. 74, 79, 81 .....ecescesecscessseeseeeseeeseecceseceseeseceaeceaecaaecaeecaeeeneeeseseseeeeeeeeeeeeeeneenaes 373 
Larson v. South Dakota, 278 U.S. 429, 73 L.Ed. 441, 49 S.Ct. 196.0... icc ccccscecesssececnseeeceesseeecessseeeenseseceesseeeessaaes 52, 124 
Latrobe v. J. H. Cross Co., D.C.Pa., 29 F.2d. 210, 212 oo ccccccccccceceessssscesececeesesseaesecececseaaeceeeecesesseaesecececeesenseaeeeeeens 279 
Lechmere Tire and Sales Co. v. Burwick, 360 Mass. 718, 720, 721, 277 N.E.2d. 503.......c.ccccccccccsssccceessececessseeeessseeeeeaes 241 
Leonard v. Vicksburg, etc., R. Co., 198 U.S. 416, 422, 25 S.Ct. 750, 49 L.Ed. 1108.0... eee eeseceeeeeseeceeeeeeneeceeneesnaeeenees 68 
License Tax Cases, 72 U.S. 462, 18 L.Ed. 497, 5 Wall. 462, 2 A.F.T.R. 2224 (1866).............. 114, 200, 208, 249, 316, 385 
Digare'y. Chicago, 28 NE. 934.002: ..uscapisssseviessuessanssassdoesntendaegenbeasen sven dacsoabndnesedscdbaapasessesevendanenabeaneede obesassadessiesbaeobansdbavass 228 
Linehan v. Travelers Ins. Co., 370 Ill. 157, 18 N.E.2d. 178.0... cccccccccsssscecececeesenseaeeecececsesssaeceeeceesesseaeseceeeceesenseaeeeeeens 300 
Lippencott v. Allander, 27 loWa 460 oi... ccsscsc cc ccsecsecsedscetcenrestssatssceschssscedvtbesteosusvacsscbbuecesclacededtibucesosebcaerscbhseessclucevedenees 244, 246 
Loan Ass’n v. Topeka, 87 U.S. (20 Wall.) 655, 665 (1874)... cceecsseecsseeceesecseesecnereecsseeecsaecaeesecsesseseaeeeesaeseeeaesaeeaeens 107, 367 
Loan Association v. Topeka, 20 Wall. 655 (1874) ......csceecsessseesceeseeeeeeeeeneeenseeees 108, 112, 184, 254, 259, 262, 318, 334, 372 
Long’v. Rasmussen; 281) F; 2361922) ses cess: sssscicaac sven cteveccestiacsebcvasieaietbeeees slates tocndvacenss wwasadelecucsadescvelaesaecesbevarsccenenys 254, 334 
Long v. Rasmussen; 281: F236, 238:(1922) «cis cscdcsecccsccases coaataseae Mucecascubcschs chscestistance codbacss odebiecees @evailseaneesuaduacte obvahesceeseies 382 
Lord v. Equitable Life Assur. Soc., 194 N.Y. 212, 81 N.E. 443, 22 L.R.A.,N.S., 420 oo. ccccecceccceececeeeceeeeeeeeeseeeeeeeeeenseenaes 327 
Louisville v. Louisville Home Tel. Co., 149 Ky. 234, 148 S.W. 13 ooo. ceeceesecsseceeseeceseeeeseeceeeeeneeceneeeeaeeceeeeeeneeens 52, 124 
Lucas:vBarle 28 MOeS 2 VT (W930): isc ecesccsckscssceeacsancveeadiauscoastcacsvableesaasiieeses coetubadabivessacisvasadesiasseacts la gaael eee siamaeternceeesiace 102 
Ludecke v. Watkins, 335 U.S. 160, 92 L.Ed 1881, 1890, 68 S.Ct. 1429 (1948) ooo. cccecccccecsesssneceeececsessaeeeeeeeeeeneas 60 
Ludecke v. Watkins, 335 U.S. 160, 92 L.Ed. 1881, 1890, 68 S.Ct. 1429 (1948) ooo. ccccecsecccececsesseaeceeeeeesessaeeeeeeeesenses 2 
MacLeod v. United States, 229 U.S. 416, 33 S.Ct. 955, 57 L.Ed. 1260.0... cccccsccccececeessssececececeesenseaeeeeeees 103, 335, 380 
Macy v. Heverin, 44 Md. App. 358, 408 A.2d. 1067, 1069 oo... eee eecseesecsseeeeesecseesecaeeseeseeseesaeceesaecaeeaecnevseesaeeeesaesaeeseeaeeae® 204 
Madlener v. Finley (1st Dist) 161 Ill_App.3d. 796, 113 Ill. Dec. 712, 515 N.E.2d. 697 ....... 87, 192, 198, 204, 267, 326, 355 
Madlener v. Finley (1st Dist), 161 IlLApp.3d. 796, 113 Ill.Dec. 712, 515 N.E.2d. 697 .....eccecceeseeseesceeeeeeeeeeeeeseeesreeteenaes 101 
Magill v. Browne, Fed.Cas. No. 8952, 16 Fed.Cas. 408; 6 Words and Phrases, 5583, 5584...........:sccssccsceeseeesseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeens 68 
Manley v..Georgia;,.279 US..1, 49'S.Ct. 219,73 EAB. cosscccctesscnssecuseseiesetedbebboa vay cuph dees linsunebeinaninreneviia vasa ees 297 
Manufacturing Co. v. Corn Products Co., 236 U.S. 165, 174, 175, 35 Sup.Ct. 398, 59 L.Ed. 520, Ann.Cas. 1916A, 118174 
Marbury-v..Madison,, 1 Cranch, 377,176 .2.csiat cvacneacitethserstier che taedstenteineia da an abet apelin aspen eaters 49, 52 
Marbury v. Madison, 5 U.S. 137, 1 Cranch 137, 2 L.Ed. 60 (1803) ........ceeceseesceesceeseeeseeeeeeeeeeseceeceeseceaeeeaeenseeeneeaeeees 287, 302 
Martin v. Hunter, 1 Wheat. 304, 326, 331 oo... cece ccccccccessscecessseeecessceceeseeeceessececnsaseceeseeecessaeeeceuseceesseeceeaaeecenssseceessnesensaaes 49 
Martin v. Hunter, 1 Wheat. 304, 327..........ccccccsssscecececeessnsncesececsesssneeseceeeeseseaeseceesessssesesecsesesesseaeseceesesesnaeseceeeesensnaeeeeeeeens 48 
Maryland Port Admin. V. L.T.O. Corp. of Baltimore, 40 Md.App. 697, 395 A.2d. 145, 149 ooo. eeeeecseeeceeeeteeeneeees 315 
Matter of Mayor of N.Y., 11 JoWns., 77 .....ceceeceeseesceesceeeceeeeecceseceseceaeceeeceecaeeeseeeneeeneeenees 108, 112, 184, 254, 259, 318, 334 
Matter of Miller, 15 Abb. Pr. 277.........:cccccccccsssssscssccssssssnsscccecscssssnsuccecsscosssnsuseevsessessnanccesescesvessnceseucocsessnauesevcecvessnaneseeseves 241 
McCulloch v. Md., 4 Wheat. 431 oo... ccc ccccsscccesssccecsssseceesececeessececsssseceesseeecessaeeecessseceesseeeesenaeeeensseeeeens 108, 184, 259, 318 
McDowell. 159 U.S iat:601 sscccccsscccsissccccesesscctessonssovsetddsseaccesssnsessdsedesoasenceadsccedsoneccceosssscadaucesessouddceedasnedessecacsdesbecessvanvessseces 302 
McIntosh v. Dill, 86 Ok1. 1, 205 P. 917, 925 ooo cccccccsessecccsssceceessececessaececesssececseeecseaaeeccnsseeceesseeecessaeeeesseaeesenaes 283, 378 
McLean v. United States, 226 U.S. 374, 33 Sup.Ct. 122, 57 L.Ed. 260.0... eeceeeseceeeeeneeceeeeeeneeeeees 88, 115, 174, 237, 282 
McMillan v. Pennsylvania, 477 U.S. 79 (1986) 0... ceeccecesecesececseceseeecsaeceeneecsaeceeeecaaeceeeeecsaeceeneecsaeceeeeecnaeceeeessaeceeeeeenaeeaee 297 
McNatt v. State, 130 Tex.Cr.R. 42, 91 S.W.2d. 1068, 1069 ooo... icc ceccececesssececsseeeceesseeecnsssececesseeceessseecsssaeeeesseseeeeaes 122 
McPherson v. Blacker, 146 U.S. 1, 24, 13 S.Ct. 3, 6, 36 L.Ed. 869 (1892) woo... cccccsesssseceeeceesesseaeeeeeeeesenseaeees 111, 369 
Medbury v. United States, 173 U.S. 492, 198, 19 Sup.Ct. 503, 43 L.Ed. 779.0... ee ceeeeeseeceeeeeeneeceeeeeeneeees 88, 115, 174, 237 
Meese v. Keene, 481 U.S. 465, 484 (1987)... cccccccccssscccssssecccssscececsseeecessseeeceeseceesseeecsesseeccnsseeeeenseeecessaeeeesseeeesenses 162, 377 
De Facto Government Scam 19 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Meese v. Keene, 481 U.S. 465, 484-485 (1987) eee eceecccesceeecesecesecesecsaecseecseesaeeeneeeeeeeneeenens 162, 189, 265, 290, 374, 387 


Meister v. Moore, 96 U.S. 76 (1873) .....cceccceccessscecssscececsnececeeaececsssaececeeeeecessaeeecseaaeeecaeeecsesaeeecseseececsseeeesaaeeecsesaeeeseneeeeeeaes 317 
Merchants’ L. & T. Co. v. Smietanka, 255 U.S. 509, 219 ooo ccececescseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseeeseseseseseeees 183 
Meredith v. United States, 13 Pet. 486, 493 oo. ecececescseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseeesesene 139, 323 
Meyer v. State of Nebraska, 262 U.S. 390 (1923).......ccescceseceeesceeseeeseeeseeseeesceesecesecsaccaecsaecaaecaeecaeeeaeeeseeeeeseeeeeeseeseeseerenaes 158 
Michigan Employment Sec. Commission v. Patt, 4 Mich.App. 228, 144 N.W.2d. 663, 665.0000... cece eceecseeceeeeeteeeteeaes 185 
Miles v. Graham, 268 U.S. 501 (1925) occ ceccccccccscesssecsseeesseecsseeeessecsseeseseeceseeeeseecseeseaeeceseesessecsseesesseceseeseaeeeseeeesaeens 54, 313 
Miles v. Safe Deposit Co., 259 U.S. 247, 252-253... .ecccesccesecsecsceeeeeseeeseeseeesccesecesecsecsaecsaecaaecaaecaeeeaeeeseseeeeeeeseeeeeeeeeeneeaes 184 
Miller Brothers Co. v. Maryland, 347 U.S. 340 (1954).......cceccsseesseesceeeceeeeeeeeeeeeeeceeenseenaeeneeeneeeeeees 129, 145, 147, 208, 223 
Milliken v. Meyer, 311 U.S. 457, 463 (1940) .0...ececceccesecsceesseeseeeseeseeeeeesecesecaecaecsaecaaecaeecaeseneseeeeeseeeeaeeeaeeeaeeeaeenaecnaeeaeeeas 97 
Milwaukee v. White, 296 U.S. 268 (1935)......ccccccscsssssecssecesseecsecesseecssesesseecaesseseecaesseseecueeseaeecsueeseseecaeseeseecsseeensees 139, 323 
Minor v. Happersett, 88 U.S. (21 Wall.) 162, 166-168 (1874)... ccccecceesceesceesceeeceeeceseceaeceaecaeecaeeeaeeeseeeeeeeeeeeesensseeeneenaes 233 
Missouri Pacific Railway v. Nebraska, 164 U.S. 403, 417 .0......ceceeccescceseceseceeecseeeneeeneeeeeseneeeeeseceeeeeeeseaeeeaecnaecneeeaeeees 132, 359 
Mitchell v. Harmony, 54 U.S. 115, 13 How. 115, 14 L.Ed. 75 (1851) oo. ce cececeeeseeeeeeeeceeeceeeeeeeceeceaeceaeennesneeeeeees 107, 136 
Montana Power Co. v. Bokma, Mont., 457 P.2d. 769, 772, 773 ...ccccccccccccccccccscccecccecccseceseccseseseeeseseesseeseseeseenseas 185, 259, 329 
Morehead v. State Dept. of Roads, 195 Neb. 31, 236 N.W.2d. 623, 627 .......ccceccsssceecessceeecesecesecseecaeecseeeaeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseensenaes 276 
Morrison v. California, 291 U.S. 82, 96 -97 oo... ieccccccccccccceesesssceccceceesessecsssccceescsseessesscsseesssseessecuceesessuesesesseesenssasseeseeeeessenees 298 
Morton v. State, 761 S.W.2d. 876, 878 (Tex. App.--Austin 1988, pet. ref'd) ........eeceeccesecesecesecececeeeceeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeeenaes 123 
Mt. Hope Cemetery v. Boston, 158 Mass. 509, 519... ee eeceeccesecesecssecssecseecaeecaeeeneeeeeseeeeeeeeesesesesesaesnaessaesaeeaeeeas 132, 359 
Munn v. Illinois, 94 U.S. 113, 139-140 (1876) oo. cceccssecssscesscecsseeeeseeceseeeeseecseeeeseeceseeecsaecseeeecseeceeeesesseceeeeesaeceeeeesaeens 169 
Murray v. City of Charleston, 96 U.S. 432 (1877) wc ceecseccssessesseceseseceeescsseeecaecseesecaeeseenaeseesaeceesaecaeesesnesseesaeeneaecatae® 99, 275 
Murray's Lessee v. Hoboken Land & Improvement Co., 18 How. 272, 284 (1856) .......cccccssssseeseeeseesseeseeeteeees 286, 310, 383 
New Orleans Gas Co. v. Louisiana Light Co., 115 U.S. 650 (1885).......cecceeccescceeeceeeeeseceeeceeecaeesseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeenseenssenaes 170, 246 
New York Life Ins. Co. v. Gamer, 303 U.S. 161, 171, 58 S.Ct. 500, 503, 82 L.Ed. 726 (1938) ooo... cesccssecsseceeeeesseeeeee 388 
New York Times v. Sullivan, 376 U.S. 254 (1964) ......ccccccssscccsssseceessececeesececsseeececseeeecsesaeeecseceecesseeeeeseaeeeceesaeeessneseesesaes 388 
Newblock v. Bowles, 170 Ok. 487, 40 P.2d. 1097, 1100.0... ccc ceecceccsecssceesecseeceeseecseeeeesaeesseeeesaeees 189, 264, 290, 377, 387 
Newman-Green v. Alfonso Larrain, 490 U.S. 826 (1989) oo... .ccccccsccssecesccecssecsseeecsseseeeeecsaeceeeecsseseeeeecaeseeeeecsaesseetecsaeeeees 128 
Nguyen v. United States, 539 U.S. 69 (2003) .0..... esses ceneconsconsensvensesncessenssesseesseessecseecneecoescnesonsvensensessensserssesseesseenees 302 


Nikulnikoff v. Archbishop, etc., of Russian Orthodox Greek Catholic Church, 142 Misc. 894, 255 N.Y.S. 653, 663100, 341, 
348, 349 





Northern Liberties v. St. John’s Church, 13 Pa. St., 104.2... ccc ccccccccesssecccssececeesseeecessseeeensseeceesseeeeesaeees 108, 111, 318, 334 
Northern Liberties v. St. John’s Church, 13 Pa.St. 104... iicccccccccccccssssscsscsccccsessesssescecsessesssssesseesssssesesesseesees 254, 259 
Northern Pipeline Const. Co. v. Marathon Pipe Line Co., 458 U.S. 50, 102 S.Ct. 2858 (1983)... ee 286, 310, 383 
Northern Pipeline Const. Co. v. Marathon Pipe Line Co., 458 U.S. at 83-84, 102 S.Ct. 2858 (1983)... eee eeeeeeeeeeteeeenees 88 
Norton v. Shelby Co State of Tennessee, 118 U.S. 425, 6 S.Ct. 1121, 30 L.Ed. 178 (1886)... eee ceceeceeseeeeceseeeeeeeeeeees 214 
Norton v. Shelby County, 6 S.Ct. 1121, 118 U.S. 425, 30 L.Ed. 78 oo... eececccecceeesceeeceeeceseceaeceaecececaeecaeeeseeeeeeeeeeereeeeeesenaes 122 
O’Connor v. Ortega, 480 U.S. 709, 723 (1987) .....eeceeccesecesecesecececseeeneeeseeeeeeeeeeseeeseeeseeeseeeaeenaeenaes 88, 194, 234, 270, 273, 292 
O’Donoghue v. United States, 289 U.S. 516, 53 S.Ct. 740 (1933) ....eecceesceesceesceseceeeceseceaeceeecaeecaeecaeeeseeeseseeeeeeeeeeerenseenaes 381 
O'Donoghue v.; United States; 289° U.S.5:16, 532°(1.933) ssecns Sek divstiolavees coeredsieteas ede tes vubl ctasecko sketch selevsade ave decandeecaetees 311 
O’Malley-v. Woodrough, 307 U.S:.277 (1938) is. seni hits hava tin nies dae ninth s 289 
O'Malley v. Woodrough, 307 U.S..277 (1939) coccccscsscccsecscccenscvetsesesecdensevecesteckectauausedsasscsecucesetecnebecteclevedeetsevsabee 54, 312, 314 
O'Neill -v;. United States, 231 Ct. Ch 823.826 (1982): cic cecteceseeese nHiieiaen Baked cthineds eeidesdetbaaays dene Mleneaxs eeesennsestnes 274, 284 
Olmstead v. United States, 277 U.S. 438, 478 (1928)... ceccccccsssseceessececessseeeceseseceenseeecesaaeecensueeceesseeseessaeesenseeeeeenaes 188, 264 
Olmstead v. United States, 277 U.S. 438, 485 (1928)... cecceecccssceccessececessseeecesssececesseeceesseeccnssseeeessseeeecaeeeeessaeeeensseeeeeaes 325 
O'Malley ve Woodrough, 307. US.277 (1939); cisccesevscdevstsbe0eveus ee eoeetaa dee theneds adda ade sabadecboteaparseneyocabslecneds teseaesnueeines 102, 313 
O'Neill v. United States, 231 Ct.Cl. 823, 826 (1982) oo... cccccccccssececsssceceesseeecesseeecessaececnseeeceeseeecnesseeeenssseeeesseesensaaes 99, 113 
Osborn v. Bank of U.S., 22 U.S. 738 (1824) .....cccccccccccsscccssssececssseecessseeecesssececsssseseesaeesenssseeeens 124, 212, 318, 319, 320, 321 
Pack v. Southwestern Bell Tel. & Tel. Co., 215 Tenn. 503, 387 S.W.2d. 789, 794 .o...ccceccccceeeseeeseseseseseseseseeeee 184, 259, 329 
Papasan v. Allain, 478 U.S. 265 (1986) ee ceeeecsseceeceecseceeeeecaeceneecsaeceeeeecsaeceseeecsaececeecnaeceneecsaeceeeeecsaeceneessaeeeeeeesnaeeaes 243 
Parish v. MacVeagh, 214 U.S. 124, 29 Sup.Ct. 556, 53 L.Ed. 936 .........eecceeccessceseceseceeeceeeeeeeeeeeeeeesees 88, 115, 174, 237, 282 
Paul v. Virginia, 8 Wall. 168, 19 L.Ed. 357 .....cececccesccesccesecececscecseeeseeceeeceseeesecnsecaecsaecnaecaaecseecaeeeaeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeesseesensenaes 235 
Pennsylvania R. Co. v. Bowers, 124 Pa 183, 16 A 836........ccccecescesscecsseceeceeceseceeneecaeceeceecaecesacecuceeeaeecsaeeeeaeecaeeeeatecnaeeenees 53 
Pennsylvania R. Co. v. Bowers, 124 Pa. 183, 16 A. 836.000... eecceeceeesseceeeeecsseceeneecaaeceeneecsaeceseeecaaeceeeecnaeceneessaeceeneeenaeeesee 124 
People v. Brautigan, 310 IL. 472, 142 N.E. 208, 211 eee eeccceneeesseceeeeecsaeceeeeecaeceeneeceaeceeneecsaeceeneecnaeceeeessaeeeeeeesaeeeaes 122 
People v. Larry C. (3rd Dist) 234 Cal.App.3d. 405, 286 Cal.Rptr. 52, 91 CDOS 7715, 91 Daily Journal DAR 11736....299 
People v. Utica Ins. Co., 15 Johns. (N.Y.) 387, 8 Am.Dec. 243 woo. eecceeceessecesececseceeeeeceaeeeseeeceaceeeaeeceaeeeeeeeeneeeenees 280, 327 
Perry v. United States, 294 U.S. 330 (1935) oo. eescesseecsseceeeeeceseceseeecsaeceeeeecsaecseeecsaeceeeeecaeceeneessaeceeeeecsaeceeeeesaeeeeeeesnaeeesee 274 
De Facto Government Scam 20 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Perry v. United Statés;supra at 352: (1935) ....csscissccsssieuscaedusisevscisvecspcteveesssnovecssenevonedasbesenssdesecsssonavecnstbereeses 98, 113, 274, 283 





Pickens v. Johnson, 42 Cal.2d. 399, 267 P.2d. 801 (Cal. 03/01/1954) oo... ccccccscccssecesseecsseceseeecssesseeeecssesseeeecssesseeeecsaeeeees 302 
Piéroe Vi Emery, 32, Nui 484i. iescsencacseececccnsscacegeeedaseuadueeeted dedhpestddessecetsedensadeseasd cocessdebanncucsdeassavaidaccasschsusecdtoctsaceteoueas 280, 327 
Pierce v. Somerset Ry., 171 U.S. 641, 648, 19 S.Ct. 64, 43 L.Ed. 316 woe ceeecesceceeceeeeeceeceeeeeceaeeeseeecsaeeeeeeeceaeeeaees 68 
Pioneer Mining Co. v. Ty berg, C.C.A.Alaska, 215 F. 501, 506, L.R.A.I91SB, 442 ooo ceececeeeceseeecneceeeeecnaeceteeeenaeeeeee 211 
Pléessyv.:Fereuson;. 163 WiS25937; 542 (1896) xe csccscscessicnsvtd ence cansse cucccactexccuscueseess ch seeidedesseatsdeducevedyscetecce cuseeatecusats cwtvaas 250, 384 
Poindexter v. Greenhow, 114 U.S. 270, 288, 5 S.Ct. 903, 29 L.Ed. 185 (1885) wu... eececcsscesseccssecesseecsseeseseecseeesnees 111, 369 
Poindexter v. Greenhow, 114 U.S. 270, 5 S.Ct. 903 (1885)... ccccccccccseceesnececsseeeeecseeeecseaeeecneeeecesseeeecessaeeecsesaeeeesneeeeeeaaes 315 
Pollock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Co., 157 U.S. 429 (Supreme Court 1895) oo... ceeceesecsseceeeeceeeceeeeeceaeceeeeeceaeeeeeeecnaeeenees 72 
Pollock v. Farmers’ Loan & Trust Co., 157 U.S. 429, 158 U.S. 601 (1895)... ee eceseeceseceeseceeeeceeeecsaeeeesaeenteseenees 72, 112 
Pope v. Pope, 213 Ark. 321, 210 S.W.2d. 319 o...eceeecccesccesecssecscecseeeseeeeeeeeescceseensecaecaecsaecaaecaeecaeeeaeeeaeeeeeseeeeeeseeeseeeneenaes 299 
Pray v. Northern Liberties, 31 Pa.St., 69.0.0... ceeccessccesccecsseceeececeseceeaeecsaceeeeeeceaeeeeeeecnaeeenees 108, 111, 184, 254, 259, 318, 334 
Price v. United States, 269 U.S. 492 , 46 S.Ct. 180... ccc ccccccssscesseecsseeeeseecseeesececssesseseecsaeeeceeecsueeseaeecsaeeeeeeecseesenees 139, 323 
Proprietors of Charles River Bridge v. Proprietors of Warren Bridge, 36 U.S. 420 (1837)... ce eeseeeseeseeeeseeees 153, 192, 268 
Providence Bank v. Billings, 29 U.S. 514 (1830) .......cceeecesecssecsceeseeeseeeneeseeesceeseceecseecsaeceaeceaecaeecaeecseeeseeeeeseeseeeeeeeenasenaes 342 
Public Workers v. Mitchell, 330 U.S. 75, 101 (1947) wo... ceccecceccscesscecssecseceecsseceeeeecsseseseeecsaeeeeees 88, 194, 235, 271, 274, 292 
Railroad Company v. Jackson, 7 Wall. 262 o.....ceeessccssseseeseceeeeecseeeecsaeeecsecaeesecneesecsaeeecsaecasesecseeseenaeeecsaeeeeeaesateaeens 132, 359 
Rapa v. Haines, Ohio Comm.PI., 101 N.E.2d. 733, 735 .....ccesccsccesseesceesceeeceecceseeesecseceseceaecaaecaeecaeeeseeeseeeseeeeeneeeeeeeeeneenaes 375 
Re Board of Fire Comrs. 27 N.J. 192, 142 A.2d. 85 ...ccccccccccccssscesscecsseeseeeecssesesseecssecseneecaeeeeseecsaeeeeseecsaeseeaeecsaeeseneeees 52, 124 
Real Estate Commission v. McLemore, 202 Tenn. 540, 306 S.W.2d. 683 (1957).....cccccccssscssscecssecesceecseeeseeeesseseeeeeesseensee 283 
Redfield v. Fisher, 292 Oregon 814, 817 ....c..ccccecccssecsceesceeseeeseesseesecesecseceaeceaeceaecaeecaeeeseeeneseeeseeeseeaeceaeeeaeceaeeneeeaeeeneeees 93, 229 
Reetz v. People of State of Michigan, 188 U.S. 505, 23 S.Ct. 390, 47 L.Ed. 563 (1903) .....cecceceesseesseeseeeeceeeeeeeeeseeeeeenaes 283 
Reid V: Covert; 3545S: V5 1 Oe ss sestoeticakachssnzecdessasbesdeccnasPasvassvodos cbnedesapnpssesebeedersubenesusedteddaevaubesaeesOssobensatoseesouecesseateveeeshs 297 
Reinecke v. Smith, IIl., 289 U.S. 172, 53 S.Ct. 570, 77 L.Ed. 1109 oo... ccc cccccccccecsseceeececsecesececsseeeeeeecaeseeeeecaesseeeeesaeeesee 211 
Richmond v. Virginia Ry. & Power Co., 141 Va. 69, 126 S.E. 353 oo. eecccescceeseecsseeeeeeeceseeeeaceceeeseneeceeeeeaeecneeeeeneeees 53, 124 
Ringe Co. v. Los Angeles County, 262 U.S. 700, 43 S.Ct. 689, 692, 67 L.Ed. 1186.0... ceceesesseeseeeeeseeeseenees 185, 259, 329 
Robertson v. Cease, 97 U.S. 646, 648-649 (1878) .........:scccccccccssssssnsccecscssnscsncesecsceesssntecsecsceessnnccseeescessessceesesscsceenseaseesees ens 128 
Roboz v. Kennedy, 219 F.Supp. 892 (D.D.C. 1963), p. 24... eeeesseescesseeseceeceseceaecaecsaecaeecaeeeaeseaeeeeeseeeeeeesseesseseaeenaes 145 
Rodgers v. Meredith, 274 Ala. 179, 146 S0.2d. 308, 310 oo... ccececseesceesceeseeesceeeceeeceeceesecaecsaeceeecaeecaeeeaeeeeeeeeeeereeeseeeeneenaes 317 
Rodgers v. Rodgers (ind App) 503 N.E.2d. 1255 oo. ceeeseeeseeeseeseeeseeeseeseessecsaecsaecsaecaaecaaseseseaeseeeeeeeeseseeesaeseaeenaes 299 
Rodriguez de Quijas v. Shearson/American Express, Inc., 490 U.S. 477, 484, 104 L.Ed.2d. 526, 109 S.Ct. 1917 (1989)313 
Roer v. Superior Court, 4 Ariz.App. 46, 417 P.2d. 559 (1966) o.oo... eee eceeceescesecesecesecaeceaecaeecaeeeaeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeeeaeeseenseenaes 282 
Routen v. West, 142 F.3d. 1434 C.A.Fed.,1998..........c.:ccsccssssesssecsssseescecsssseessecsssseseeessnssencecssnsseseessanssensecssssssneessenesenseesans 388 
Rowen v. U.S., 05-3766MMC. (N.D.Cal. 11/02/2005).........ccccccsssesscccssscesseecsecesscecsseeesseeceseseeaeecsaeeseseeceaeeeeseecsseeensees 362, 384 
Ruckenbrod v. Mullins, 102 Utah 548, 133 P.2d. 325, 144 A.L.R. 839... ccccccscccssecsescecssecesececsecseeeecsaeseeeeecssesseeeeesseeeees 247 
Rutan v. Republican Party of Illinois, 497 U.S. 62 (1990) 0... cececeseesceeseeeeeeeeceeeeeeeceeeeeeeceseenseenaes 88, 194, 235, 271, 274, 292 
Rutland Electric Light Co. v. Marble City Electric Light Co., 65 Vt. 377, 26 A. 635 ..ocececessesssecseeeeceeeeeenseeeeeaeeneeaes 52, 124 
Ryan v. Motor Credit Co., 30 N.J.Eq. 531, 23 A.2d. 607, 621 .......cceecccesceesceesceseceeeceecesecesecsaecaeecaeeeaeeeseeeseeeeeeeeeeesereneenaes 197 
Ryder’v. United States; 515 US. 19-7,.180- (1995) sc cx.cuiwes soc as ale ee esitoaaw de ceeteds atlas rte ties abl sawed eh duds Wiaeeaee eevee ace bees 301 
sandham:v: Nye,’9 Misc-Rep: 541,30 NLY 3S, 532 ..csccenscsbesevuescdspacseccevechectenvcvoed svecvecseplsecbbuneveduevecavevansoyesuesicheedevasaedoedecs 327 
Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States, 295 U.S. 495, 549, 550 S., 55 S.Ct. 837, 97 A.L.R. 947... ceccescsteeseeteeeeeeeees 322 
Schwarzenegger v. Fred Martin Motor Co., 374 F.3d. 797, 802 (9th Cir. 2004) oo... eee eee ese cseeceeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeenseesaeenaes 98 
Schwarzenegger, 374 F.3d. at 803 (citing Calder v. Jones, 465 U.S. 783, 789-90 (1984)) 0... ceseesseesceeseeeseeeseeeeceeeeneeeaeenaes 98 
Senior Citizens League v. Dept. of Social Security, 38 Wash.2d. 142, 228 P.2d. 478 (1951) oe eeceeeeseeeceteeeeteeeneeeenees 282 
Sheldon v. Green, 182 Okla 208, 77 P.2d. 114 woo. ecccccccecssecssseeseeceecesseecseeeeseecaseeeseecseesseasecsaseseaeecseesseseeceaeeeeseecsaeseenees 299 
Shelmadine v. City of Elkhart, 75 Ind.-App. 493, 129 N.E. 878 .......ccccesccssessceesceeseeeseeeeeeeeceeeeeseeneenaes 171, 197, 203, 336, 380 
Sinking Fund: Cases;99 US: 700: (1878): ccc. teccesscasnessssderedsestdaasusausadsnbedtanenodbepntspslecpeds ieeusasbodtdsapsanevncabadaansusiveneoeteaaiees 255, 335 
Slaughter House: Cases; 16: Wall 36 .ccscceccesstedegeeds saxesssdouusc cd socvesSedesndievacdusetaciaceasscsevsads tocwdingeguneubuaceusecueaatensetancaecn teeveteauean tes 250 
Smith v. Allwright, 321 U.S. 649, 644.0... ccccccecccecsceeseeescesecesecesecaecseecaeesaeeeneeseceeeeseeeaeeaeceaeceaecaaecaeeeaeeeaeeeseeenees 114, 178, 367 
Smith v. City of Jefferson, 75 Or. 179, 146 P. 809. 812 ...eeeeccecceesccssecseeceecseeeneeeeeeseceseceseceseeaecaecaecaaecaeecaeeeseeeaeeeeeeenees 122 
Smith v. King, 277 F.Supp. 31 (M.D.A1a. 1967) o....cecceccceescceccescceeeesecaeceaecaeecaeeeneeeneceeeseeeseeaecsaecsaecaecaaecaeecaeesaeseaeeeneeenens 282 
Smith v. Reynolds, 277 F.Supp. 65 (E.D.Pa.1967) .0....e cc eeceecescesecssecssecsecaeecaeeeaeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeesecsaecsaecsaecsaecaaecaeeeseseaeeeeeeeeees 283 
Smith v. Smith, 206 Pa.Super. 310, 213 A.2d. 94... eececccceccesccsseceseceseceaecaeecneesneeeneeseceseceaeeesecaecaeceaecaecaeecaeeeaeseeeeeeeeenees 232 
Snow v. State, 134 Tex.Crim. 263, 114 S.W.2d. 898 woo. ccccccecsessesssssscssssscssseeeseseseeesesesesesesuseaesusesesuseeeseseseseseseseanaeaes 300 
South Carolina v. Regan, 465 U.S. 367 (1984) .....cccccceesceeceeeceeeceseceseceaecaeecaeeeseseceeeeeeeeseeeseceseeeaeeeaeeneeeaeeeas 91, 245, 288, 382 
Southern Pacific Co. v. Lowe, 247 U.S. 330, 335 ..ccccccccccccccccccssssscccccscesssssscssccsceesesssesseccceesesseessssssecsessesesesceseesseesesesesseenens 183 
Spooner v. McConnell, 22 F. 939, 943 oo. eeescssscesseeceseeeeseecsseeecsaeceseeecsaecsseeeesaeceeeecsaeceeneecsaeceseeecsaeeeeeeessaeceeeeeeaeenees 60, 112 
De Facto Government Scam 21 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Spring v. Constantino, 168 Conn. 563, 362 A.2d. 871, 875 ......cccesccesccesecesecesecseeeseeeseeseeesceeseceecsseceaeceaeceaecaeecaeeeaeeeneteneennens 203 





Spring Val. Water Works v. Barber, 99 Cal. 36, 33 Pac. 735, 21 L.R.A. 416... eee eecceeceeneeceseeeeneeceeeeeneeceseeeeneeceeeeeeneeens 93 
St. Louis Casting Co. v. Prendergast Construction Co., 260 U.S. 469 oo... eee eesceeceecseeceeeeeceaeceeeeesnaeeeeeeeenaeeeeee 228, 243, 282 
St. Louis Malleable Casting Co. v. Prendergast Construction Co., 260 U.S. 469, 43 S.Ct. 178, 67 L.Ed. 351 wee 68 
St. Louis, etc., Co., v. George C. Prendergast Const. Co., 260 U.S. 469, 43 S.Ct. 178, 67 L.Ed. 351. eee eeeeeeeeeeeeees 173 
Standard Oil Co. of Calif. v. Perkins, C.A.Or., 347 F.2d. 379, 383 ...c.eccccccccsccccccssssscscccceecsessesscssescsesseesssssesseesssssesesesseenens 241 
State ex re. Maisano v. Mitchell, 155 Conn. 256, 231 A.2d. 539, 542... ccecececscesesesesscsessstssssssssssssssrsssssssrsteeeees 112, 370 
State ex rel. Colorado River Commission v. Frohmiller, 46 Ariz. 413, 52 P.2d. 483, 486................ 171, 197, 203, 336, 380 
State ex rel. Daniel v. Broad River Power Co. 157 S.C. 1, 153 S.E. 537 woccccccccccecscssssssssssscsssssssssssssssssnsssssssnsssrsreaes 52, 124 
State ex rel. Herbert v. Whims, 68 Ohio.App. 39, 28 N.E.2d. 596, 599, 22 O.0. 110 wo... eee cescceeeeeceeeeeeeeeceeeeeneeceeeeenees 388 
State ex rel. Hill v. Pirtle, 887 S.W.2d. 921, 929 (Tex. Crim. App. 1994)... ces ceecceeseeceseceeseeceeceeneeceseeesaeeceaeeesneecnaeeeenees 123 
State ex rel. Hutton v. Baton Rouge, 217 La. 857, 47 S0.2d. 665 wee eecceeeceeseecesecessceceeeeeeseeceeeeeaeeceeeeeeneeceeeeeeneeess 244, 246 
State ex rel. Jugler v. Grover, 102 Utah 459, 132 P.2d. 125 ooo. eeecceeseecseeceeneeceeeesneeceeceseneecaeeesneecaeeseneecsaeeeseeecseeeenees 299 
State ex rel. Kansas City v. East Fifth Street R. Co. 140 Mo. 539, 41 S.W. 955 .o..eccecceccceesseesceeeceeeceseceseceeeceeeneeeneeees 52, 124 
State ex rel. Lee v. Sartorius, 344 Mo. 912, 130 S.W.2d. 547, 549, 550.0... ccccccccssscccesssececssseeceessseeceesaeeecnssseceessneeeesaeers 211 
State ex rel. Madden v. Crawford, 207 Or. 76, 295 P.2d. 174... cccccccssscssccesecsessecesecccessesseessessecssesssesesevesseessssueseveseeenens 299 
State ex rel. McGaughey v. Grayston, 349 Mo. 700, 163 S.W.2d. 335.00... eceecssescsesecseeesceeeeecaeeeceaecaeesecseesecsaeeessaeeateaeenees 299 
State ex rel. Nagle v. Sullivan, 98 Mont. 425, 40 P.2d. 995, 99 A.L.R. 321... 87, 101, 192, 198, 204, 267, 326, 355 
State Oil Co. v. Khan, 522 U.S. 3, 20, 139 L.Ed.2d. 199, 118 S.Ct. 275 (1997)... cccccsessecccececsessaeeeeececeesssaseeeeeeenenses 313 
State Tax on Foreign-Held Bonds, 15 Wall. 300 .......eceeeesceeseceeseecesecesseeceeneesneeceaeeesneeceeeseneeceaeeesaaeceneseneeceeeeeneeess 132, 359 
State v. Black Diamond Co., 97 Ohio.St. 24, 119 N.E. 195, 199, L.R.A.1918E, 352... eeeceeeeeeeeererereeeeeeees 280, 327 
State v. Brennan, 49 Ohio.St. 33, 29 N.E. 593 woo... ccececcccssccccesssssscscccccecsesseesssccsceesssssuscesceesesssesesevens 171, 197, 203, 336, 380 
State v. Carroll, 38 Conn. 449, 9 Am. Rep. 409.0... cee ceeccesscecsereeeneeceseeesseecaceseneecsaecesneecsacessneecaeeseneecsaeeseneecaeeesaeeceaeeenees 122 
State v. Fernandez, 106 Fla. 779, 143 So. 638, 639, 86 A.L.R. 240......ccccccccccceesssescesceeceessessessesseesssseseseseeesees 280, 281, 327 
State v. Haremza, 213 Kan. 201,515 P.2d. 1217, 1222 woo ccccecsssceeeceessescsessssseeseseseeesesusesesesuseeeseseseausesuaeees 303, 338 
State v. Topeka Water Co., 61 Kan. 547, 60 P. 337 oo... cee eeecccssceeseeceseeessceceeeeeneecaeeeeaeecaceesaeecaceeeneecaeeseaeecsaeeseneecneeesaees 327 
Stearns V..Fraleigh; 39: Pla. GO3 ccc sicssseecaee sas antecussatesckedhecackcciuceceedhcesiadestececi sdeteecechaedess duvaacdenivevec edachasaivessadsacee deibvecessbacs 241 
Stemi v.. Foster:(Fla) 557:S0:2d. 861, TS PEWS: 310i sccsccccedes scciseesecekevensdsetecvescdsdssavagesccedcsesssadesececedcdaguedecdecdssé sbseveodesédesseeonee 299 
Stenberg v. Carhart, 530 U.S. 914 (2000) ..... eee eeeeeeseeceseeeeneeceeeeesneeceeeseneeceeeeeneeceteeeeneeens 162, 190, 265, 290, 374, 377, 387 
Stevens v: State, 2 Arks29 1. 35: Am DeGy 72. sic cacccesdcessacietecddasseetedctenecadansannedcd sta casen ste andecua cadansscuad casa ae deae nav ansesbecadan webeaaeeeaee 93 
Steward Machine Co. v. Davis, 310 U.S. 548, 606 (1937) ....ccccccccccccsessscecececeessssececececeeseesecececeesesseaeseeececseeaeseeeeeeseneeaeees 70 
Stockwell v. United States, 13 Wall. 531, 542 woe cececsescesssssscsesesssseseseseseseeusesesesusesusesusesusususesesssuseseseaeseeneeees 139, 323 
Strawbridge v. Curtiss, 3 Cranch 267 (1806) ...........c:ssssscssssssssscesnsesnsscoensesnscensosesnaccoensesnacensnsesnaceonsesnacessnsesnacconsesnaceesoees 128 
Tappan v. Merchants’ National Bank, 19 Wall. 490, 499 ooo eee eesceescesecesecesecaecaaecaeecaeeeaeeeeeseeeeeeseeesseenseenaes 132, 359 
Thomas. v.. Higham, | BatlFq. 222 3 icsccsveccss cessed haccecadacsncasktvessebucecaded beies cheese seciacdesssuacssadebtcaces dlebvats eaeeeesadiadee obuabiscscevkce 241 
Thompson v. Shapiro, 270 F.Supp. 331 (Conn. 1967) ......... eee esseseensesncessee sees seesserscecseecseeconscensonsvensesnsessessesssesseesseesees 283 
‘Tot-vz United States,.319 WES : 463 vis scesessssssievatecasazecustirezansdoaseendsseevoesbadinndes suatedebs@danedsdshveuesedloa sis tneasdanedauondadilensiebedeuesvsnalenee’ 297 
Tower v. Tower & S. Street R. Co. 68 Minn 500, 71 N.W. 691 voc ccecccccccccececsssessesscessessesssesseeseessessesseeseeseenees 244, 246 
Town of Arlington v. Bds. of Conciliation and Arbitration, Mass., 352 N.E.2d. 914... ..cceccceseesceeseeeeceeeeeeeeeeeceeeeeseeneenaes 204 
U.S. v. Royer, 45 S.Ct. 519, 520, 268 U.S. 394, 69 L.Ed. LOL 1... ee eeeeceenceeseeceseeecsaeceseeecsaecseneessaeeeeeessaeceeeeeesaeeeees 122 
U.S. v. Babcock, 250 U.S. 328, 39 S.Ct. 464 (1919) ooo ccccecsecceecessesssaeeeceeeceesseaeeeeeeeesesseaeeeeeesens 88, 115, 174, 237, 282 
WS. Vv; Bartrug:. B.D Va 99 1.777 F:Supps 1290s wes. siswesssesensede sieve thea oe oh ened vata sun iepsSbvese clapedeesdankeve aniaietomaee. seep ee 323 
W.S.ve Bink, 74 F Supp: 603; D,C. OF (1947) asccosee. tints tetera aie Shaves cored btaanh We ied cea ase eats 287 
WS. ve Brown, IDC A pps 309 AD. 250,257 soicsttcsesecienecsbadsnnsdesi evtoelctbna sus CueredehedlaasdesileassedsDapanseneteds bales ces steeveasesbadesteeueey 296 
UWS..ve- Butler 297 US. TiC 1936) aiccscsccstacseseseubdebes tases sanvonebedespaseseonecesedbescvectionedebedexpocs seevesvbedguessecneswes 108, 112, 184, 259, 372 
US. ve Hatter; 532 US..597,, 121 SiCt. V782.(QOOT) . saecctsepeesasesesrieeGedhevaeeShenedessdheondsseevesyse@huesceshesvsovoncenasseseowasoeeeueevedveveeves 54 
WSs Ve Laub; 38S WIS LAT 19G6 7) Rikicccasduscectheccdtandesdoevescbstevnecs susvotened top avesbevodsbedesage subndsassStuocss suenesedaseapadsseensepsesbunduednebees 227 
Wise yveopez,.o LAWS: 549 ClO9S) a ecscccsectsdececsutesauetes souvesch cannsxeddeeedends sdeeeuocuacses’cncveadelgsngtnvacduscuagaqeasscauzaeds tueusiectusnneesceseeatey 62 
U.S. v. Prudden, 424 F.2d. 1021 (Sth Cir. 1970) ....... cece ccccccccssssscecececsessnsecececececsesseaeseeececsesesaeeeeeeecsesssaeseeececeesenneaeeeeeens 203 
WES. Vio pelar, SI SWS 207 at 22 2 oo. scecvicchdaccesesccaxeces laccsact casnecesdaeetenacgacoeustaagsccdencusaue lasntienaceenattvaseasecaukeetetoniiecastiees 127,171 
U.S. v. Tweel, 550 F.2d. 297, 299 (Sth Cir, 1977) ......cccccccccccccccccssssscecececsessssecececececseeaesecccecsesesaeeeeececsesssaeaecececeeseneaeseesens 203 
U.S. v. Union Pac. R. Co., 98 U.S. 569 (1878) wo. eccccssssccccceceessssececececsesenseseseeececsesseaesecececseseaaeseeececsessaaeseceeeceeneseaeeeeeees 283 
U.S. v. Will, 449 U.S. 200 (1980) ..... cc cecccsessecccccecsessseceeececeeseseseeececsensseseseeeceesenseaeseceeeeseseaaesesececsessaaeseceeeceeneasaeeeeeees 255 
U.S. v. William M. Butler, 297 U.S. 1 (1936)... ccccccccccccceesssssceeeeeceesesseaececececsesseaeceeececseseaeeeeeceesenesaeeeeeeeesenses 60, 99, 110 
Union Refrigerator Transit Company v. Kentucky, 199 U.S. 194 (1905)... ceeeeeeeecsseeccsseceeeeceeecaeeeesaeeeeeaeeneeeeens 132, 359 
United States ex rel. Dunlap v. Black, 128 U.S. 40, 9 Sup.Ct. 12, 32 L.Ed. 3540. eeeeeeeeeeeee 88, 115, 174, 237, 282 
United States ex rel. Toth v. Quarles, 350 U.S. 11, 15-19... cccccssscecececeesesseaesecececeessaaeseeeceesesssaeseeeeeceenenseaeeeeeens 297 
De Facto Government Scam 22 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


United States Railroad Retirement Board v. Fritz, 449 U.S. 166 (1980)... cece cecssececesececeesseeeceesseeeensseeeeens 166, 240, 242 





United States Trust Co. of N.Y. v. New Jersey, 431 U.S. 1, 26 (1977) .....cccecccecscescceseceseceseceeecaeeceeeeaeeeaeeeeeeeeeeseeeseeeeeeneenaes 274 
United States v. American-Foreign S.S. Corp., 363 U.S. 685, 690-691 (1960) uo... ceeeeesseceseecseceeeeeceaeceeeeeeaeceeeeeeaeeeeee 302 
United States v. Babcock, 250 U.S. 328, 39 S.Ct. 464, 63 L.Ed. 1011 (1919)... ccccccscecececsesssseceeeeeceesesseaeeeeeens 283 
United States v. Bass, 404 U.S. 336, 347 (1971)... ccccccccccssccccescececssecececsececesssececnseseceesseeccnssseeeensseeceeseeecessaeeeesseseeeenaes 277 
United States v. Bostwick, 94 U.S. 53, 66 (1877) .......cccccccccccccecsssscecececeesensececeeececsesseaeseeeceenesaeeeeeeeeeessaaeees 98, 113, 274, 283 
United States v. Boylan (CA1 Mass), 898 F.2d. 230, 29 Fed.Rules.Evid.Serv. 1223.. 87, 101, 192, 198, 204, 267, 326, 355 
United States v. Chamberlin, 219 U.S. 250 , 31 S.Ct. 155 woo. cccccscsscecececeesensecececececsesseseceeeeeesenssaeeeeeeeesesseaeees 139, 323 
United States v. Collins, 920 F.2d. 619 (LOth Cir. 11/27/1990) oo... cccccccecccccecsesscececececsesseaeceeececsessaeseeeeeceenenseaeeeeeens 228 
United States v. Cruikshank, 92 U.S. 542 (1875) ......cccccccccccccccecsessecececececsesseaeceeececsesseaeeeseceesenssneaeeeeeens 61, 99, 110, 233, 363 
United States v. Guest, 383 U.S. 745 (1966)... ccccccsscecececsessssscecccecseseseeecececsesesesesececeeseeaeseeeeseseeaeeeeeeeesenneaeees 265, 367 
United States v. Harris, 106 U.S. 629, 639 (1883) .......ccccccccccecssssscecececeesensecececcceeseseseceeececsesseaeceeeeeceesesaeeeeeeeenenseaeees 265, 367 
United States v. Hatter, 121 S.Ct. 1782 (2001) oo... cece cccsecccesscececssecececsseeecessseceesssecsesseeecneseececssseeceeaeesesssaeeeenseseseeaes 313 
United States v. Holzer (CA7 IID), 816 F.2d. 304 oo... cece ccccccccsssceceesseeecessseeeenseeeeeens 87, 101, 192, 198, 204, 267, 326, 355 
United States v. Kusche, D.C.Cal., 56 F.Supp. 201 207, 208 .........cceccecccessceesceeeceecesecenecaeecaeesaeecseeeceeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeneeenaes 112, 370 
United States v. Laughlin (No. 200), 249 U.S. 440, 39 Sup.Ct. 340, 63 L.Ed. 696 000... ceeeeseeseeees 88, 115, 174, 237, 282 
United States v. Laughlin (No. 200), 249 U.S. 440, 39 Sup.Ct. 340, 63 L.Ed. 696 (1919) ......eeceeceecceseceseceeeeeecneeeneeeneeees 88 
United States v. Little (CA5 Miss) 889 F.2d. 1367 .0......ccccccccccsscceessececsesceceessececesaeeecessaececnseseceeseeecsenaeeeessseeeeessneseesaaes 87, 101 
United States v. Maurice, 2 Brock. 96, 109, 26 F.Cas. 1211 (CC Va.1823) oo... eccecceccesseceesssceceenseeecessseeeessseeeeeaes 111, 369 
United States v. National Exchange Bank of Baltimore, 270 U.S. 527, 534 (1926) .......eseescsseesseeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeerees 98, 113, 274 
United States v. Osser (CA3 Pa) 864 F.2d. 1056 ....ccccccccscccsssecssscesscecsseceseeecsaeceseeecsaecseeecaeceseeecsaecseeeecsaeseeeecsuesseetecsseeeses 101 
United States v. Osser (CA3 Pa), 864 F.2d. 1056 ...cccccccccccssecsssceescecsseeeeeeeceseseeeeecsseeseceecaeeeeseecsaeeeeseecsaeseeseecseeeeneeees 87, 355 
United Statés v; Phelllis, 257 US. 156, 169). .5..c.Sssssbesscceiecszsnesiessarcieccesscapssncaedorsbaanveuoieaesees taberncnceodsnedsnousesssredncssesbabasnenees 183 
United States v. Reese, 92 U.S. 214, 218 (1876)... cece ccccsecccssscececssececesssececeseseceesseeecsenseeecnseseceeseeecessaeeeenseeeesenaes 265, 367 
United States v. Supplee-Biddle Co., 265 U.S. 189, 194 eee eecceesseceseeecseceseeecsaeceeneecaeceeneecsaeceeneecsaeceeeeesnaeeeeeeeenaeeeaee 184 
United States v. Winstar Corp. 518 U.S. 839 (1996) eee eesecssecesncecsseeeeseeceseeeeneeceeceesneeceseeseneeceeeseaeeceaeeeeaeecnerereneeees 99,113 
United States vs. Lee, 106 U.S. 196, 1 S.Ct. 240 (1882)... ccccccessssecececececnesseaececececsesseaeeeeeeecsenseaeeeeececeeseseaeeeeeens 160 
Utah Farm Bureau Ins. Co. v. Utah Ins. Guaranty Ass'n, Utah, 564 P.2d. 751, 754 oo... ceeeesceceeeeeeneeceteeeeeeens 273, 327, 369 
Van Brocklin v. Tennessee, 117 U.S. 151, 154, 6 S.Ct. 670, 672, 29 L.Ed. 845 (1886).........cccecccessssseceeeceesensaeees 111, 369 
Veix v. Sixth Ward Building & Loan Ass’n of Newark, 310 U.S. 32, 60 S.Ct. 792, 84 L.Ed. 1061 (1940)............ 107, 136 
Virginia Canon Toll Road Co. v. People, 22 Colo. 429, 45 P. 398 37 L.R.A. 711 occ eeesceeneeesseceeeeecnaeceteeecaeceeneeenaeeeeee 328 
Virginia-Western Power Co. v. Commonwealth, 125 Va. 469, 99 S.E. 723, 9 A.L.R. 1148 woe ceeceeeneeceeeeeeneeees 53, 124 
Vlandis v. Kline (1973) 412 U.S. 441, 449, 93 S.Ct. 2230, 2235 wo ccccccccccccccecsesssececececsenseaececececsessaececececeesenseaeeeeeens 388 
Walcott vv; Wells;21 Nev 7, 24 P3677 cccvcsccsctaccdeisceccdesscactucssescesccstecddesscacevcesescdccssedeebeeaveecdessvcecoecoeeecdedaceececedcecedeteceecheeect 299 
Walker v. Rich, 79 Cal.App. 139, 249 P. 56, 58 woo. ceeceesscecssecesececseceeceeceaeceeeeeceaeeeeaeeceaeeeeaeecnaeenenees 170, 197, 203, 336, 380 
Wall v. Parrot Silver & Copper Co., 244 U.S. 407.0... cccccececscessceescesseeeecesceeseeeecaecsaecaeecaeeeneeeneeeeeeeseseenesesseenaes 228, 243, 282 
Wall v. Parrot Silver & Copper Co., 244 U.S. 407, 37 S.Ct. 609, 61 L.Ed. 1229 oo... eeecceccceseesceeeceeeeeeeeeeeceeeeeseeeeeeneenaes 173 
Wall v. Parrot Silver & Copper Co., 244 U.S. 407, 411, 412, 37 S.Ct. 609, 61 L.Ed. 1229 oo... eeeecceeeceseceeeeneeeneeeneeees 68 
Wallace vy. Jatirée; 47.2. WS:69: (1985) cick cece. as cectecvstilvnchs tesnseyecueds de ousesedsanessdbe Mevbels cevhadbocteukAssbeyeds bWonneyesieneciydebaaevedieyes 352 
Weatherford v. State, 31 Tex. Crim. 530, 21 S.W. 251 (Tex. Crim. App. 1893) oo... cceeeeceecsssecesecseeceeeeecneeeecsaeeeeteeeaeeaes 123 
Webster v: Vandeventer, 6:Gray 428 . sisecshvas iss eescistadieisive nbivio uneven ieee aan andlelvedl cine ieee uiaer ene 240 
Weiner v. State Dept. of Roads, 179 Neb. 297, 137 N.W.2d. 852 (1965).......ccccesccessceseceseceseceeeceeecseesseeeeeeeeeeeeeserenseneenaes 283 
Wendt v. Berry, 154 Ky. 586, 157 S.W. 1115, 1118, 45 L-R.A,N.S., 1101, Ann.Cas. 1915C, 493.00... eeceeceeseeeeeeteeeees 122 
Western Union Telegraph Co. v. Lenroot, 323 U.S. 490, 502 (1945) ........eeseesceeseeeteeeeeeee 162, 189, 265, 290, 374, 377, 387 
Whitbeck v. Funk, 140 Or. 70, 12 P.2d. 1019, 1020 0... ccc ccccccecsssceceesaeeecsseseceesseeecesaseecensseeceeseeecessaeesenseeeeeenaes 280, 327 
Whitney v.California, 274°U.S 357 (192 Tein his acitets tian cde ieee awe. ened bates he a eee Ge heeds eae ae eevee 158 
Wickard v;, Filbur, 317 US. 117,,63'S (Ct. 82:(1942)..cesissccscsedssnersdincetsscussueiadesstasveveeinasevied ese vie taal dunsdaveedersevdeencwbsvadeenve’ 172 
Wilder Manufacturing Co. v. Corn Products Co., 236 U.S. 165, 174, 175, 35 Sup.Ct. 398, 59 L.Ed. 520, Ann. Cas. 1916A, 
MEMS oe ce tba tec actus eeneeetesetonncdec coseansth as cca astissukcvaecue sa eceouaracssn seseceasl tatesaeacscucasiusiestuccseses bb acti oaceecevstisieceronecusssudeenesseceevtoes 88, 115 
Wilder Manufacturing Co. v. Corn Products Co., 236 U.S. 165, 174, 175, 35 Sup.Ct. 398, 59 L.Ed. 520, Ann.Cas. 1916A, 
MUS eed cae beasce actcewaceubecabeancect cade coeen acts tetcvesevuc cut ccas ova scisecaeee cosa seeneupheacesevanecneacd soevstusgacneataes sas vocacercshasenseuseseveesitasccernesenees 237, 282 
Will v. Michigan Dept. of State Police, 491 U.S. 58, 109 S.Ct. 2304 (U.S.Mich., 1989) 0.0... eeceeseeceeseeeseeeteeeeeeneeene 111, 370 
William Cramp & Sons Ship & Engine Building Co. v. International Curtiss Marine Turbine Co., 228 U.S. 645 (1913) 301 
William Cramp & Sons, 228 U.S. at 650 eee eeeeeseecsseceeeeceseeesneeceseeeeneeceseeeeneecaeeeeneeceaeeesaeeceaeeesaaeceseeseneeceeeeeneeceeeseneeees 302 
Williams v. Shapiro, 4 Conn.Cir. 449, 234 A.2d. 376 (1967) .....ecesccssecsceeseeeseesseeeeceseenseceseceaecaaecaeecaeecseeeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeneenaes 282 
Williams v. State, 588 S.W.2d. 593, 595 (Tex. Crim. App. 1979)... cesceesseeesecsseceeeeceseeeenceceeeeenaeceseeeeneeceeeeseneeceeeseneeens 123 
Williams v. U.S., 289 U.S. 553, 53 S.Ct. 751 (1933) .....ccccccccccccccecsssssseceeececsesseaecesececsesssaeceeeeecsesseaesesececeeseaaeaeseeseseneaeaeeeesens 89 
De Facto Government Scam 23 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Wilson v. New, 243 U.S. 332, 348, 37 S.Ct. 298, 302, L.R.A. 1917E, 938, Ann.Cas. 1918A, 1024 oe eeeeeeeeee 108 


Wisconsin v. Pelican Insurance Co., 127 U.S. 265, 292, et seq. 8 S.Ct. 1370 cee eeecesseeseeceeeeecneeceeneecneeceeeeeenaeeeeee 139, 322 
Woolum v. Sizemore, 267 Ky. 384, 102 S.W.2d. 323, 324 ooo eescceeseeceseeeseeceseeeeneeceeeeesaeeceeeeeneeceseeseneeceeeeenaeceteeeeneeens 276 
Yahoo! Inc. v. La Ligue Contre Le Racisme Et L'Antisemitisme, 433 F.3d. 1199 (9th Cir. 01/12/2006) .00... ee eeeeeeeeeeeeeees 98 
Yaselli v. Goff, C.C.A., 12 F.2d. 396, 403, 56 A.L.R. 1239 .cccccccecsscsssceessecesecesseeeseeeeessecsseeeeaeens 170, 197, 203, 336, 380 
Yick Wo v. Hopkins, 118 U.S. 356 (1886) .......ccceccceecesecesecececseeceeeeseeeeeeseeeseeeseenseeaecaecnaecaaecaeecaeeeaeeeaeeeeeeeeeeeseeseeseneenaes 387 
Yick Wo v. Hopkins, 118 U.S. 356, 369, 6 S.Sup.Ct. 1064, 1O71 oo... eee ceecceeneeceeeeeeeeceseeesaeeceeeeeeeeceteeeeneeess 106, 274, 280 
Yick Wo v. Hopkins, 118 U.S. 356, 6 S.Ct. 1064 (U.S. 1886) oo. eeceeceesseceseeecseeceeeeecaeceeeeecsaeceeeeecnaeceeeecsaeeeeneesaeeeeee 277 
Youngstown Sheet &Tube Co. v. Sawyer, 343 U.S. 579, 72 S.Ct. 863, 96 L.Ed. 1153, 47 Ohio.Op. 430, 47 Ohio.Op. 460, 
62 Ohio.L.Abs. 417, 62 Ohio.L.Abs. 473, 26 A.L.R.2d. 1378 (1952) ooo. ecccccccesssececsenceeeeseeeeceeseeecnesaeeessneeeeneaes 107, 136 
Other Authorities 
"Public" v. "Private" Employment: You Will Be Illegally Treated as a Public Officer If You Apply For or Receive 
Government "Benefits", Family Guardian Fellowship............cceccsescssssceseeseesecseesecneesecsaeeecsaecaeesecseesecsaeeeesaeeaeeaesaeeeeens 378 
w PSUS SEO UMS esac cecaaeecede stag eieascsatetescesScescean shagehicessgeescaeystes ce ccicasgucastessancce quhtgucdatesceteeabenstis concen: citeeess coast cyustuceti seers aottaentatee 80 
DS tes ES: CHOY CLAMS IE sazcnsdssscedsezcien sh laat estes gcesetieusnts cecoct ea ghcasteacedccesqadtaiets teeceteedhenstie teactneruseieenecbaret eeidsacetespersteqentoenianse 65 
“Tr God We Trust? ......ccccccccssccssscesscecssecssseecsesesseecaecsseeecsaesssseecsseceseeecssesesseecsaessessecsaesseeeecsaeseeasecsuesenseecsaeeeeseecsaeesssseceaeeeenees 64 
“Parens Patriae”?.......ccccccsscesssccssscesscecssecesscecssesesseecaecsseeecsaesseseecaeeesseecsaesseeeecsaeseeeecsaessessecsueeseseecsaeeesseecsaeeseseecsaeeseseecsseeeenees 80 
“Taxpayer” v. “Nontaxpayer”: Which One are You?, Family Guardian Fellowship ...........ceeccscseseeseeceseeeeeeeeneeeeene 245, 357 
1 Hamilton's Works, ed. 1885, 270 .............cscsssscscsscesssssssccvcecssssssccecsececvsnsessesessosssssnenscescesvesensuscessessesensnsesscessessanecessesesvenens 71 
TO Pets Tis. U7 DS xtsecyseacenareesaxecsneng saath testes eeecsee esau cess eels shes neva dn seins nepeisavucseolelansseee ue do vueytuteann sees abssncte aie ound oben ears 61 
PS Batis AD: B27 © oe csvesccben cbs aveconsce vase cans vesseeszenee savas vceseeseaza' docu stebs saa wucyoeadseaeeeovee losunyanstedan vos vabeandte saute sr ueesbeboane Taevmeinseavense 61 
16 American Jurisprudence 2d, Constitutional Law, §52 (1999) ..0.....cecceecceesceseceseceseceseceeecaeecaeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeereeeeeeaeenaes 107, 136 
16 Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), Constitutional Law, §245 (2003) ........escescessessseeseeeseeeeceeeeeeceseceaecaecaeecaeeeaeeeaeeeeeeenees 282 
16A Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S), Constitutional Law, §599 (2003) .......:cescessessseesseeeeeeeceeeceeceseceaeceaeceecaeeeaeeeneeeeeennees 283 
19 Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), Corporations, §886 (2003).........:.::cesccessceseeeseceeeceeceeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeneenaes 134, 153, 198 
2 BOW: INS tM 43 3 ese. s och oes ce veavs cena cat vas neckivach oktcears susvehdsagssveesveSvsneboasawessvaes sacsh cavaee¥ensales ions veceveessaste leita de bigenes eae waboseneeanioas 170 
2 BOUV; St, 227952327 vvecseerssnssscaviecyvoevaesssvanvnesedeseneetasuecscuevates oosa¥ens¥vedteevslavendssasdanes coeedeusveecsnatedartedsvievanetees 124, 245, 293 
Dy VANS bib sees cos ech s eta cs oo css 2 0055 Seep eetd ene tas Se cy sue stich cca esa eu genie ane tn cu soso soa eup ois cease Ea ete aa bat nba evr alev once Cau cess estan aaa enaa ae 267 
OD NiSS VDD cases ate ck cae cess core Sheen theca se Se saicendch cen cecs cata caa ee tues seb ssnueuns Peay cesses cas esds vucgstatensawesetslvsnct? caste teeeesbeseats Geumesenaics 177 
25 American Jurisprudence (Ist), Highways Sect.163 oo... eee ceeeseeeseeeeceeeeeseeesecesecesecaecsaecaeecaeeeseseeeeseeseeseeeeseeeeseeeaeenaes 228 
28 Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), Domicile, $20 (2003)... ceecceesseceeeeecseceseeecnaeceeeeecsaeceeneecsaeceeeeecsaeceeeeessaeceeeeeenaeeesee 378 
28 Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), Domicile, $4 Domicile and Resident Distinguished (2003) ........ ee eeeeeeeeeceeneeeeeeeeeee 146 
28 Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), Domicile, $5 Necessity and Number (2003)......... ce cesecesceecsseceeeeeceaeceeeeecnaeceeeeesnaeeeeee 146 
28 Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), Domicile, §9 Domicile by Operation of Law (2003).........c::ccssescceesseeseesseeeeeeeeeeteeees 146 


2A N. Singer, Sutherland on Statutes and Statutory Construction § 47.07, p. 152, and n. 10 (Sth ed. 1992)162, 189, 265, 290, 
374, 377, 387 





B bl Commi, 57g) SD haces pascsh cath besa ae ce yaees ck cea ad Posh dae Gainc Lavan ia ssdeeed aes sek G ose oa scecaseueaseas acess eae acdoee Gua sdseesinsas uate ouR ER NOTRE: 294 
3 Bl Comms 184, DSS ees sisessccsessecsssosesccnskteaad pousecousseeancc sous ee sadeudasea see ceeads sascha seieen eed ad eas dasa vac sbne oasd sooae aieeaUR HURSTON TENS 294 
SBI Commi, 57 es sscsiccccseciecaceceaed choco ya cases coaad sesaa cess shasne son eacsdeneasegpoaeassaisaaucassonuocaiens ves eeeun ac doR asa seusae desea Feu 294 
3'Coms 262: [4th Am: Fd. | 322) 5c:s5c..s2dene Seoeddctaccessecceuccdeinioscceueaseoeeeeessaschecdeasiuenecesend vos ideuwyaceene couse seuacesuiendaucc Soumsessemieneeseees 327 
36 American Jurisprudence 2d, Franchises, §6: As a Contract (1999)... ee ceeccesccecseeceeeeeceaeceeeeecsaeceeeeeceaeeeteeeenaeeeeee 53, 124 
37 American Jurisprudence 2d., Fraud and Deceit, $144 (1999) oo eee eeeceeeseeceseceeseecseeeesneeceaeeesneecaeeseneecaeeeeneecnaeeeenees 340 
39 American Jurisprudence 2d, Habeas Corpus, § 34 (1999) oo. ceecseeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeesecaecaecsaecsuecaeesaeeeaesenseeneeaeees 299 
A Bouve Inst: se S848 x. seiss satis avec ecb Ghee eS aa ee ge ce ec ce et 177 
ACO 2A vente aces taeclesnaneybecertsreale (estilo duce Vesadaee eyo ee ite duseiin lec A ate 61 
44 Cone REC AAQ0 a cecsi een iii aca ie RE Ph a Ee Se 2 a 41, 348 
6: Words:and ‘Phrasés;3983. 3584. sivsssesisess Ssh as Bas thee ss eves ess hes A 235 
63C American Jurisprudence 2d, Public Officers and Employees, §247 (1999) ..87, 101, 192, 198, 204, 267, 280, 326, 355 
7 Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), Attorney and Client, §4 (2003) .........cecceescescessceseceseceeecececseesseeeeeeeeeneeceeeeeeeenseenaes 163, 210 
75 Bible Questions Your Instructions Pray You Won’t Ask, Gary North, copyright 1984, 1988, ISBN 0-930462-03-3, p. 1 
g HGP sigh eleeGRc boop cvecacnes cecdasedag paceoucny Saeedscbeve desde es Reovuscccysdeteang Seatidhe Mawbeladuc a dbcbbie cobsdecbiate cinbbes OSib Gach eelabsiees indans ead eecehieee 341 
86 Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), Territories, §1 (2003)..........ccccescceseceecseeeseeeseeeeeeeeeeeceseceseceaecsaecaeceaecaeecaeeeneeeneeeneeenees 127 
91 Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), United States, §4 (2003) ......eceecceescessceesceesceerceseceseceaecnecaeecaeeeseeeeeeeseeeeeseeeeeseenseenaes 316 
AJ. Lien, “Privileges and Immunities of Citizens of the United States,” in Columbia University Studies in History, 
Economies,.and: Public Law,,Vol.54).p.-3 1a. cscitecdcssctace cee ceachivtevecteelidsiiescbetievedyaaeuleeldaniiuaceuteessdustbenddeuuseds cuaessaed 68, 235 
De Facto Government Scam 24 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


A Treatise on the Law of Public Offices and Officers, Floyd Russell Mechem, 1890, p. 609, §909............ceeeeeee 202, 210 











A Trustees Handbook, Third Edition, August Peabody Loring, 1907, Little, Brown, and Company, pp. 19-22....... 241, 244 
A USS. Citizen is 58 Times More Likely to be Killed by a Police Officer Than a Terrorist, Blacklisted News .............0+ 45 
ABC’s of Government Theft, Form #1 1.408 
About IRS Form W-8BEN, Form #04.202..........ccccccccccccseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseceseseceseseseseseseeeeeseseseseeesesens 
Achtemeier, P. J., Harper & Row, P., & Society of Biblical Literature. 1985. Harper's Bible dictionary. Includes index. (1st 
ed.) Harper:& ROW: Sat Brancis Co vss catscidocesers cosssecsas vasecsaetisassde sucess cveussSadpsureccesuncasadenuetesdyscgscnacuueecddednseva iceust voit cusecnadusees 352 
AGIA: A STCCMEN 5ic 5 fesctsceze sags cadectdeesestetecs ie cos teaaesuseesdeuveasacsbut essed se cesatesutenseduvcouasaicgides s2e¢s0edb ongacsasessotespiusicuixedes cursduseenadaveds 307 
Adam Smith, Wealth of Nations, book V, pp. 468-473, (1776); Prometheus Books, Amherst, New York, 1991............. 361 
Affidavit of Citizenship, Domicile, and Tax Status, Form #02.001 ..0......ceccceeceesecesecececeeeeeeeeeeseeeeeeeseeeeeeeenaes 131, 161, 309 
Affidavit of Duress: Illegal Tax Enforcement by De Facto Officers, Form #02.005 0.0... .cecscceseecceseceeeeeeneeeecsaeeeeeeeeaeeeeens 46 
Agreements on Coordination of Tax Administration (ACTA).........cccccsccssesecceeecesecesecseecaeecaeeeneeeeeeeeeseeeseceseeeaeeeaeenaeenneeneeeas 53 
Alexander Hamilton, Federalist Paper NO. 78.........:ssssssscssessceseeecssecssesecaeesecsaecesaecasssecaeesecnasenesaecasesecaesseenaeeeesaeeateaeeaeeats 303 
Alexander Hamilton, Federalist Paper NO. 79.........::ccsccssesseesceeseeeneeeneeeeesecesecsecaecaeceaecaaecaeecaeeeaeseneeeeesreeeeeeenseenas 292, 311 
American Jurisprudence 2d, Franchises, §4: Generally (1999) .......ceccecccessesesceeeceeceseceneceecaeecaeeeseeeeeeeseneeeeeeeeeeneeenaes 244, 246 
American Jurisprudence Legal Encyclopedia, 2d Edition... cee ssesecsesescsseeeceseceeesecseeseceaeeeesaecaeesecaeesessaeeeeaeenseaeeneeat® 280 
An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776), Adam Smith ..0..... cee eseecsesecseeeeceaeeeeeeeeneeaes 184 
Anderson's Manual for Notaries Public, Ninth Edition, 2001, ISBN 1-58360-357-3 .........c.cccccssccccsssceceessscecessseceessseeeeeaes 156 
Atlas Shrugged, Ayn Rand .i..c.siciscssclsscsnssasicsszeeianseassdanssuesdanspnsnsseesveddavnnabsdadseascapaseusessocevecsaeenubndbe solecobaspiseaiesstentansbans¥aaseas 258 
AYU. Ramdicis 8 viscescseossesnis cava eta ssnehedeeveessacsonsesdasousndusesebebinceSecsonpensnaceve testuosoubbis enddesedopnshebsndedecbabvoastidecedacdbedsnpnbnesebnetbensboesseneds 
Babylon the Great Harlot 
Bayes ACH OM iaitesestabese neste cosssouvsentsenes cdesentsaccssvedinasaebsdeavedslagsaesnss ote ecdysseubslenseasapesoubessdezacsuesabedeesebesthesnadubeesstendaansasvtareds 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Fifth Edition, p. 1095 oo... ee eeessesecseeeecseeeeceseeeessecaeesecneesecsaeeeesaeceeesecaeesesnaeeeesaeeeeeaesateaeens 134, 329 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Fifth Edition, p. 470 ....... ces ccsssesssesecseesecseeeecaeeeessecaeesecneesecsaeeeeeaecasesecaeesesnaeeessaeeeeeaesateaeens 251, 330 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Fourth Edition, p. 1235 .......ceccecccesceseesceeseeeeceeeeeeeeeeeeeeeneeceeeenaecnseeneeeeeees 171, 197, 203, 336, 380 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Fourth Edition, p. 1593 oo... cieeeeeecssesecssecsceecseeeecsaeeecsaecasesecseeseceaeecesaecaeesecaeeseesaseecaeenteaeeneeaes 243 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Fourth Edition, p. 1639 oo... cceeescescssesccssecseeseceeecsseeccaecasesecneeseceaeecesaecaeesecseveeenaseecsaeeaeeaeeneeats 374 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Fourth Edition, p. 164 .............essssesseseseseserceceecoseseenevsnenencnsenesssensenessnenenensenesosenstnesseenenensenesenenes 210 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Fourth Edition, p. 1684 ........ccccccesecseescesseeeseeeeeeecescensecesecsaecnaecsaecaeecaeecaeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeneeeeenaes 211 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Fourth Edition, p. 1693 ..........ccccecccesessseesceeseeeseeeseeseceeeseeceeeeeeecaecnaecaeeceeeneeeaeeeeeeeneeneees 41, 110, 389 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Fourth Edition, p. 1694 00.2... .esesssssesesercecesesonesetsessnenenensesesosenstssssnesonensenesosenetsesssenenenensesesenss 177 
Black’s Law Dictionary,. Fourth Edition, p. 197 «.c:cccsiccsssessctiiesancteseessesiecocsssusteesusvareosnastesdeaiuesescvarseassbbeisustnactesssteeeeescbics 279 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Fourth Edition, p. 397 ......ecceeseseescssesecesecseesecseesecnaeccsaecaeesecseesecnaeeecsaecaeesecseeaeenaeeeeeaeeaesaeeaeeat® 177 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Fourth Edition, pp. 1235-1236 occ eeesesssssecseeseceseeecaeceeesecseeseceaeeecsaecaeesecaessesnaseeeaeeaeeeeeneeaes 122 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Fourth Edition, pp. 786-787 ........ccssccsssccssesscesecseeecseeseceaeeeceaecaeesecneeseeeaeeeeaeeateeeeneeats 280, 281, 328 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Seventh Edition, p..668..2..:..s.c:p.ccccicsteestesesstescee coteseeoteeeespbubesoasueeveassovensesbenssnedstenvonetedonsevesueuves 382 
Black's Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 1005s. 2s..25.00.deespoiviee, et tiedes ede thee edly ae aio ened eae 373 
Black's Law Dictionary, Sixth Editions py 1162) .125. 5. hieatttevsaessibittvanes apatites tiipdes tinge Hee ae eee 388 
Black's Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition; p.1189. 2.5.0.0 ales, Sa i ess cee ie catia ab es 388 
Black's Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition; p: 1190 s.0.05.ci.2 ee i le heel es, Sap i a si 303, 338 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 1196................escsseseeseeesseseseeencensosesenesesensensnenonensesesosesensersnesonenenensosenees 273, 327 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 1230..........ceeccesccesecsceesceeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseceaeeeaeenaecneeeaeeees 192, 203, 204, 267, 326 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 123 1... ee eeessesecseesecsseeecesecaeesecseesecsaseeeaecaeesecaeesessaseeesaecatesesaeeaes 185, 259, 329 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Editions 9:-1232 0 iv.cc.si.csebiecsece iss tlathee ces Shayedes dbvensesybisondtlanse, slavsiaboveneospineeses 185, 260, 329 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition; 21269. sc.c0.ciincbe0 scene, ciaeda bathe se. seeped banda, Sabi babed nase, daveceaasaapsieed de 283, 378 
Black’s Law Dictionary; Sixth Editiony 1292). ii. cn si.nesbieescusee tithes ces Shapes thveneuhise danse Ham Daeodpnbenen 341, 348, 349 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 1365 .0........ccccccscessseescessceesceseceseceeceaeceaecaeecaeecaeeeseeeseeeeeseeesecaeenaeceaecaeeeeeeeeneeess 61 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 1396.0... cceeessescssesecesecseeecseeseceaeeccsaecaeesecseesecsaeeecsaecaessecaeeaeenasenesaeeaeseeeneeats 315 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 1457... ec ccescssesecsseeecseeeeceseeecssecaeesecnevsecsaeeecsaecasesecsevseenaeeeesaeeaeeaesaeeaeens 185, 260 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 1498.0... cc cceecsesscssesecssecsseecseesecsaeeeesaecasesecseeseceaeecesaecaeesecaeeseceaseeesaeeateaeeaeeats 233 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 158.00... cee seescsesscssesecssecseesecseesecsaeeecsaecasesecseeseceaeeeesaecseesecseeseceaseeeeaeeaeeeeeaeeats 276 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 269..........ccccccccesecssecsceceeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeceseeneeeeseenaecnaeeneeeeeees 120, 175, 196, 272, 344 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 281.0... ce ecesesssesecseesecseeeecsseeecesecaeesecseesecsaseecsaeceesaecaeeseeneseesaeeeesaecateaeeneeats 65, 97 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 297.00... ccesssssscscesscesesecesecseesecneesecsaeeecsaecasesecseeseceaeecesaecaessecaeveeenaseecaeeaeeaeeneeats 296 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 305.0... .cccceesesesscsseeecssecseesecseeseeseeeecsaecaeesecaeesecnaeecesaecaeaecseseesneeeceaeceeeaesaeeatens 42 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 40.00... cee sseeccsceescsseeecssecseesecseesecsaeeecsaecasesecsesseceaeeecsaecsessecsesseenaeeeceaeeateaeeaeeats 241 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 416..........cccecccsseesseeseeeeceeeceeeeesecesecaecaecsaecaeecaeeeaeeeeeseeeeeeeeeeseeeeneenaes 103, 335, 380 
De Facto Government Scam 25 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 423 ...............:.sssssseserssesoncscssnsosenseseeeneseesnenserosessuserssesonenspensosenssssssnenotenensesssenes 374 





Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 425.00... ccc ccescscesecssesecsseeseesecseesecnceecsaeceeseecseesecsaeeecsaeeaesaecseseesnaeeesaseeesaesaeeatens 96 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 485.00... ec ccesesssesecseeeeceseeecsaeeecssecaeesecneesecsaeeecsaecasesecneeseenaeeecsaeeaesaesaeeeeens 129, 232 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 501.0... cee ceeecssescssesecssecseesecseeseceaeeecsaecesesecseeseceaeeecsaecsessecseesesnaseecsaeeateeeeaeeats 348 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 563.00... cccccsssscseescssesecssecseesecseesecsceeecaecasesecseeseceasecesaecaeesecaeesesnasencsaeeateaeeaeeaes 375 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 581 ........cceccceecceseceececeeceeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeneeneeenaeensecnseeneeeaeeees 189, 264, 290, 377, 388 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 623.0... .ccccsssscsssscsseeecssecseesecseeseceseeecsaecaeesecseeseceaseecsaecaessecaeeseenaseeeeaeeaeeaeeneeats 197 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 841... ceeeccssesscsseeeessecssesecseesecsaeeccsaecesesecseeseceaseecsaecaeesecaeesessasenesaeeateaeeneeats 342 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 97.0... ccescssssscscesscsseeecssecseesecseesecsaeeecsaecaeesecseesecsaseccsuecaeeaecaeeaesnaseeceaseaeeaeeaeeats 295 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, pp. 120-121 ooo. eecesssecssesecseeeecseeecsaeceeesecseeseceaeeecsaecaeesecaeeseseaeeeceaseaeeeeeaeeats 294 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, pp. 1304-1306 oo... cee eeesecssesecseeseceseeecaecseesecseeseceaeecesaecaessecseeeeenaseecsaeeaeeeeeaeeats 287 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, pp. 1397-1398 wo... eeceesesssssecseeseceeeecsseeeceaecaeeseceeeseesaeeeesaecateseeneeaes 273, 327, 369 
Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, pp. 460-461 oo... cee cesescsssecseeseceeesecsseeecsaecesesecseesecsaeeeesaecasesecaevseenaseeesaeenseaeeaeeats 317 
Bouvier’s Law Dictionary Unabridged, 8th Edition, pg. 2131... eee eecsesecsseeeceseceeesecseesecneeeeesaecaeesecaeesecsaeeecaseneeaeeaeeats 110 
Bouvier’s Law Dictionary Unabridged, 8th Edition, pg. 2147.0... ce ceeecsesccseeeceseceeesecseeseceeeeeesaecaeesecaeeseesaseeeaeeateeeeaeeats 111 
Bouvier’s Law Dictionary Unabridged, 8th Edition, pg. 2159... ee ceeeesesscsseeeceseceeesecseeseceaeeeesaecaeesecaeeseesaeeeesaeenseaeeaeeats 111 
Bouvier’s Maxims of Law, 1856.............. 52, 61, 99, 124, 125, 127, 159, 170, 180, 181, 223, 244, 245, 247, 293, 349, 389 
Bureau of Internal Revenue (B.LR.) ...c.cccccccccccssecesscesscecssecesseecesseecseecsueesesseceseeeeseecseeeseseecaeeeesaeceeeesesseceeesenaeens 213, 248, 249 
CASS AN nui ck ves ess oes ehcadss vie dsb eania Vacs ts ade uelbebdtllgsetocesshotaes ous concmebbeialeue GuessabeblasutegsbtpnaltadaSeis doe sseebebco sas 172, 183, 231, 232, 233 
Calitomia DMV - 14 fOr v.c355.:050 ch. .2.ses-ansbesdecegsstubaspsbbepebstsatagnsvedesogectheuabe touee¥eco}essebesssbesecsaleeabitiesoleedaepeelehioseesdvbsneseanea ses 144 
Charles dé MOmtesQuie tts ssc.iss:sanse2sevebecstconssuadssees laneseabasassedecspenenensenseecanasnae’ laasedecadspubundsosadeasonabadavstoradssaabaadenedecdaeaganss 55, 124 
CHarles DUmoure? isis: sece.deessancaia feng Feyssenbsed.scpscduensthybios -betdeeacbintdias cuecausavabonade Bedutespadehs-dutestabezait HenelsSorsseekeis-dugeetassnabubl sebees 43 
Chief Justice Marshal, Virginia State Convention of 1829-1830 (pp. 616, 619) oo... cee ceceecsseeesecrseeeceeeeeceeeeeeaeeeetseeaeeats 311 
Citizenship, Domicile, and Tax Status Options, Form #10.003 .0.....ecceeesescseeecsseceeesecseesecsaeeeesaecseesecaeeseesaeeecaeeestaeeaeeats 309 
Cor Litt: 126 2 sects s ise densi gu dieiieciaea din bai daui a Al desaelieadine cist eda ea ai es das ne aaa 245 
C6, Litt: 2582 ascarid desta eciesitlasen dich iad aii ese tee ae de PA ised beastie dias 61 
Comittee of Public: Safety 3:00: 82isisisuavtac dni hivaidietisch i Asha uate kegeees densi ened ee anaes 44 
Communism, Socialism, Collectivism Page, Section 10: Welfare State, Family Guardian Fellowship ...............::cccecee 70 
Comyn's Digest (Title: "Dett, Aj 9): siciiscccsivcccs ise stiGatccees Maces cbsntessed Soudaedseeevie’ dhaceosscadeteesihassaadentincesdd sous ed aaauesuaiaces sbvabesssestade 323 
Conflicts in a Nutshell, David D. Siegel and Patrick J. Borchers, West Publishing, p. 24.........:cccsesceseeeceseeeceseeeeeeeneeeee 145 
C60) 11.0 (11) he te rane re ee ee eee Ore eC Tee ee ee 220, 236 
CCOMMUCTINS SOO BC eo scares ceca ste Seas ee tcc atc tee ata sec ncesna SU aba Soaks oon ct eta sat ae Sou SEET Es Senedak 289 
Cong. Globe, 42d Cong., Ist Sess., 661-662 (1871) (Sen. Vickers)........eceeescesceecseeceeeeeceseceeeeecaeceeneecaaeceeeeesnaeceeeeesnaeeesee 111 
Congressman Rom Paull tsccscidissccd ctecssgccsleavel otaicadesdcsendbicesaecaacabas Hebscsdeuteskesststecdssd svives Havoc sdeibecdeseists chorbbeaed Mavsereaheeveadiels 321 
Congressman Traficanit:: aces:sicsiecs bieveteeieg ie Ai cdoik aaa cesd eke Ai Aaa de eeadte len h uate Mates all dak det eae 386 
Constitutional Tort Acton ssi... Stee tise Gath iets Hhsdes Dill saad tetbasbee tease Waal bheesTeatiindedel as aed died eames aes 288 
Cooley; Const. Limi.,479 Sette andrea get ii aiesasstislod ieteenee ede thede bee lnoe abe ab ease 108, 111, 184, 259, 334 
Corporatization and Privatization of the Government, Form #05.024 ........cecessecssecesesecseeeeceseeecsaeceeesecaeeseesaeeecaeenetaeeaeeat® 305 
Correcting Erroneous Information Returns, Form #04.001 ..........cccceesceescesecesecesecececececseeeseeeeeeeeeeereeeeeeaeenaes 256, 338, 356, 368 
Court-of International Tradetsi.c. onde Stich eects eas ARE, mahi eles Bien tee eee rele sis 129 
Criminal Justice and Terrorism Page, Section 8.1: Government Terrorism, Family Guardian Fellowship ...............:0 46 
De Facto Government Scam, Form #05.043 ..........ccccccececseeeseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseteceseseseseseseseeereseeeeens 61, 86, 215 
Defending Your Right to Travel, Form #06.010 0.0... cceesssescsseeecssecseesecseeecsaeeecsaecasesecseesecsaeeeesaecaseaecaeeaeesaeeeeeaeenteeeeaeeats 155 
Delegation of Authority Order from God to Christians, Form #13.007 ..0......cscsesssesssesecseeeeceseeeeeseeaeesecaeeseenaeeeeaeentaes 73, 231 
Department of Justice Admits under Penalty of Perjury that the IRS is Not an Agency of the Federal Government, Family 
Guardian Fellowship siii2 cots csnusiiect bereceadh chides Mita sous seb estaboetagnxy seeoeenboPhie so sbevaad dance Sywotebtieand, Gestion eases 91 
Department of Motor V chicles.0.sisccricatisteieuitiacentiedi diester de et aan welhd Thee el Saeed Havent 242 
Department of State Form DS-11 oo. ceeescseeeeceseeeeeseeecesecaeesecnaeecsaecaeaecaeesecnessecsaeeccsaecateaecseeseseaeeeesaeseeeaesaeeatens 144, 148 
Devil’s Advocate Movie Clip, SEDM....... ce ceeccsseescssecssesecseesecsseeecaecseesecneeseenaeccsaecasesecseeseseaeecesaecaeesecaeveeenasnesaeeaeeaeeaeeats 122 
Devil's Advocate: What We are Up Against, SEDM ooo... eee cceecceesceesceseceseceaecsaecaaecaeecsaseaeeeeeseeeeeeeseeaesaesaesaecaeeaaeeaa 70 
MY 5 Ne MAS egies Goss scares eegy tb actcctcegcesces tennetecsacueestdassnve caceecsutesctiescccustestanctsrescouersitesatersscauevattveran Gast iqustueattsrecsecistocet ye 245 
EY DO, 2G eet ca egestas castes cgcs dan ctesecsccccce tenets gecaesdesseass caccasaytasees aaceustastanciecesesveqsatesatereaquneeustverssceanticquituratiseeestetentecssaety 61 
MT DO, OD asc heeds va caceecuetstegceancs dat tee goeseetcusntine caceecsutesaeiescccustestanctstescouersitesntecsscauecattueranoaetiqustueattsrecsnciastocet ee 245 
Disclaimer, Section 4: Meaning of Words: "Private” ..........ccsccescesscessceesceeecesecesecaeceaecaeecaeecaeeeneeeeeeeeeeeeseeeaeceaeeaeenaeeneeeaeeeas 83 
MTS Chto Cerna Ss esses 2h sec eacs tects nc caesatated ec sgeeesgtes sztens ca cenqeatanetsteaceusegs tances vescevevsatesetertaqantqantacsuncoanse ges aeatesnesseetenteceiane’ 38 
MVS RUST OF MAIS Sos esd Spaz crs da ecto teat se sct et caatvecahlsccuseag canes ttasets Seaceusqnatancitesacecctuadesets Geaguvecaneaseaesbansteete aentisgorsteeentecniene> 73 
Easton, M.G.: Easton's Bible Dictionary. Oak Harbor, WA : Logos Research Systems, Inc., 1996, C1897... eee 159 
De Facto Government Scam 26 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


FW Ae Dest e ses tat etc an Seas etaea deta dtes sect cecaca etc y ea: gu detectaqensscccccstinadestcvecatcstestieiscatants <tesokocsyacs aturasiassseasocsyecsaatsviaesreateceaieaaes 382 
Elysa Gardner (2008-12-25). "Harold Pinter: Theater's singular voice falls silent". USA Today... .eeeeeecsseeseeeeeneeeee 183 
EPICE tis; DISCOURSES se cscecacecsdecuds cc setceesacecesccaagaccoccctenceced nteece Seanei sadees saceaeacgonnacedeecesnswsdcd baudeasacdeusacaduncebscensusesotcansaceceiaeesscecwaas 158 
ExecutiveiOrder [273 1 vsssdsdcadcsadsducdsicscodvcsasdanddacs cadussesdancegasaseddensa sn deus dedusnebadiceees sadedoavdaneseeiteivdeesdiecaseidededeisientons 199, 204, 210 
Family Guardian Sovereignty and Freedom Page, Section 7: Self Government.............ceceesseseeecesecrseeeceeteeceeeeeceaeeneeaeeneeaes 308 
Family Guardian Website, Law and Government Page .00....... cece eeceeceeesceeeceeeeesecesecsecsaecsaecaaecaeeeseseaeeeeeseeseeeseeeeeenseenaes 366 
Family Guardian Website, Law and Government Page, Section 15: Investigating Government Corruption ........0........ 366 
Federal and State Tax Withholding Options for Private Employers, Form #09.001 .0......cceseeecessseceseereeeeeneeeeen 53, 177, 338 
Federal :Cmcutt COUR 2266 tsspac dee dutsdssccned sats cecdastevwse caizunee aden ocesseusdss shi suucesccssuceesasuressadunceaded secencedeuagausase sors sosuss culsveseceateureendexsegs 311 
Federal Civil Trials and Evidence, Rutter Group, paragraph 8:4993, page 8K-34 00... ceeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeenseenaes 388 
Federal Court Rules on Hansen Injunction, Family Guardian Fellowship .......... cece esse cseecseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeeenseenaes 322 
Federal Courts and the IRS’ Own IRM Say the IRS is NOT RESPONSIBLE for Its Actions or Its Words or for Following 

Its Own Written Procedures!, Family Guardian Fellowship .............:::cescceseseceesceeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeceseceeeeeeeeeaeenneeneeeaeees 179, 256 
Federal Courts and the IRS’ Own IRM Say the IRS is NOT RESPONSIBLE for Its Actions or Its Words or For Following 

Its Own Written Procedures!, Family Guardian Fellowship ..............::cesccesececeeseeeeeeeeeeeeceeeceeeeeceseceaeeeaeeeaeenneeaeeees 138, 357 
Federal Gisttict COUr i.si5scis525p05h sabes can cPeasa a ates sean asthe bien tbsctateaehsedavevendscnabie actus Gaaeapabesssbeuecdansiabodieeotesuaepeuieniesetesdansaehenseoss 311 
Federal Enforcement Authority Within States of the Union, Form #05.032...........ccccesccesesececeseeseeeeeeeeeeeeceeeeeeeeneenaes 288, 325 
Federal Marshall S6rvice s.is5253 suscieh, sosedacheshs lacs onsasesesbadecdewscastenessctenous see SbanbeesseyacelexstsossaneuncsatseubidhereUegspepaiepacsetedanseeheabeeses 301 
Federal Pleading/Motion/Petition Attachment, Litigation Tool #01.002 oe. eeeeeeseeeceeceeeeeceeeceeeecaeteeeaeeneeeeens 130, 309 
Federal Protective Service (FPS)...........ccccs:ccssssssssssssecesssnsecseseseesssnsecsessssecseseesesesnsecsensssecseneseesssnseceessssecesseseesesnseesenensessenees 301 


Federal Reserve53, 54, 67, 95, 96, 108, 133, 135, 136, 158, 173, 180, 226, 257, 276, 278, 279, 280, 311, 327, 354, 365, 371, 
373, 386 





First Amendment Law, Barron-Dienes, West Publishing, ISBN 0-314-22677-X, p. 432......cecccecesseesseeseeeeceeeceseeeteeeeenaes 144 
Flawed Tax Arguments to Avoid, Form #08.004...... cc cescescecsseceseeecneeceeeeecaeceeeeecsaeceeneecsaeceseeecsaeceeneecaaeceeeesnaeeeeetesaeeeeee 366 
AOTAN AS Ns Nev ca2 shoce setic tse tesce ces cntis sed dessceeeics alioeuc tciatic ose satictsge eau dees Sues Seah soa at et aes si ea tet Soca esioa ts ses seta ond cele ec alebecateaboeeeatids 101 
UB07 1 10g: 0,7 64 0 6) Cpe Pe fee PR SE Oe = PRT mene OP ee er Oe eee mr 178, 354 
OTT NS OO Decrees 32 An 3 te ass te boc neta so8 sescesttea ciate sae ay canst tog: cet tecees suc tces Seats sya setense bashes auc tensseale eartetees delde sel aletseadeatorecatets 108 
GTI OB erases ok ects esses taces Seacoast Se ael Sean Sane s tien oretaeh asean a evata asta e oP hee as ais orth 82, 102 
URY07 801g: 0,55) 0) 6) RRP me Re RePEc ef Pr REV re Ree OP ge or ae ee 73 
U0 70.80 1e: 0,55) 6 eerie eee RE pe RPP er OS ee ee RCE ee RO eee ee 101, 109, 178, 354 
TAIN Ns UA areca 32 Ash asec oc acts sah ceSeectces auahae odes canst toot cetteste sie t sec seas con savotsetastaw teu aauetenetes ts revateveen tees 101, 108, 178, 353 
PATI sO eine tase ok atest tesco ate tces Seapets siaee mete ces sata taet fence sits otc ees SeubvOs: ahcteet Seas Laictateesah a sate bae AiceAh aT es aah 2 te es 102 
ATA HN sO EG acs e3 Ae atts teste coat hses sesice ches Suatac cae abvesasatatone cetheaees sie nses Seay ous: ctetsetocteutee sic tereteaks tescete tens seuletcaletsaateitore ates 102 
Orie Hs) 2 eit he teas tthe oat ces Seu cechs lates ateie esse acta toet teteesues alc hees Sethe ats: ahet et scape me sae raths ates ote bs sete thea eens teat 102 
FOr: FOS 030 sic senseccccticesscsvslns avesncvodvoadive acsSesubucteeleasvs disvedebes tepadsSusrbenseel weave Snetosesestuocdeteice! 67, 73, 82, 101, 102, 109, 178, 354 
POT HOS O32 ic eeicsccsercseseSetivadss scicede bot ins ace vase edionsdh Sun uone netted slew abebe? ies Ada sunvede Wabi vaste usncdesativbivc eientaeht inbacececvade tetworeeneness 101 
POT HOS OSB ies ssetscccvcscabee Set vn ancSocvedea ative cileeeeuuacbetivaays tievedebedaswadssuandee sat tvoase Ss anode dedluoadl SelsroanbaSlwenverueeseseSandadesseubevsettnwassteeuseete 72 
Porm: FOS 043 itis secarecieniiiyetends. cucuebubaeaveileuneuedebaesecve cueuuie bddevs cy euler Us Sette ds tuatsdavedevende sucauebleviusdes uhsbadeleuabatedsbeeests 68, 101, 102 
Porm: #05 04.6 ies eoseceecestaiciseetenenc 8h sev besarhevasteeuleuudeb ad aceve dheusdebdevs eye euerudl oetin ce stheinds etbewalseilaieiietivacy. Maredepereedt 102, 109, 178, 354 
Porm: FOS O46 ives sers ccs cieiati sea levev tuensdybaneaveaeeveuuaulaaisa dys suueds bedevweule'sushvebsudbve de vhenwda bees ae dasvueb leu libave dhebbde yateesaeesusuatuoueianevecesdedls 72 
Form: #050502 Sect oni 13s sscokes cece esassanheseseessnuaucaetva eye ede devweuseucivee iad bueeve ds env denedbusauesieies lev lanaes taenbavvetersaneedeubtebentan beeeevadbhe 73 
Porm: #08020 ici seid ccueuissSeahes ex taenvdvbancavedieessuvaubaanse cys cueuude bodes dye ial Godbewsve duahids eldaveays GobbeeeSed levees dhevady)eUaunauedeabees 109, 178, 354 
POT HOO O73 ves os. Sewscicch'cdscosteSetlus axe Socveden ative cde eecuncsetlva avs Sisvedebedeawadssuerdeeset unas Sue nedededuoadselsraaeha@tueavedsunedesstaxncsisseeuseusenenevebeeuedees 73 
ROTI HO OO Sk Nace scott ox acvndebat os ailenaeusaekedinaceasusniece het ia agstusvae ce iesacateanebesata enous elentee bed wuauetucvess\itineadeteanens 108, 178, 353 
Orr HA 302 ses sescccvceslcabeeSetlns axe Secveded ative cde eelcunusletlva ays SievedebedeawadseuerdeeeetiunacSnanededed evade Selerase sa lnwavedsunedebstarnctssvevbassananeverseusdels 73 
Or HO 2 so sass cs eitcses est us axe tecvndubad inn ade eceusnensetiaaes suevode bed uawadssusneessativosvetuanedebedaubade sae rese see eave tacedevstaxkedetvevedesetanevsteceudues 68 
PRON ef soccer cit csuds ccc eects ccausanbancucadadaacdenesccesovad osusceoueeoxdhesudeieoe gues vanes cocci cawud aud atalenceaaesaescanceadeaasnisedtesceastaseenteoaeetes 101 
MUN OA es coo ccd oncccceestcaveamacnsce ae dbase neectecsued assis waaedeevsthenuseitonseusyaunestecss aces anek wanda coawacen as deestadoastuvetiteecdiieessnomentastees 101 
POTD OD sec ss cste cue steccdacniocnesesdecvsensancecavatsautewacseeoses/anea aocseucavileneteteeacxsavadacdecvoeas sone denetabnnanussualeacieds sauneuteleeedinnmwsnemestesvaerse 72 
PROTA ODS test cate carsdecadavaccnccns Sesvacwsascasacat esate roaesecous tani: aocecuvauatesccere cacesyvud octteccaeiuvsete tan cdatoeadusoualecieesssatucutedeaetinnasonceeniesnieees 82 
BRINE OO oda oe sata cs cad cts daeosscczeces Seacdaeaaceeeaeut os eceuocaeccueba ane dane ceuseutesudetion ceva wuniweteacesasysuved usclatnsssussutlecuzeseassueutateeadaspaesteatic 69, 102 
Former State Supreme Court Justice of Alabama Roy Moore ..........:ccescssesscesseecsseseeesecseeseeeaeeccsaecaeesecaeeseenaeeecsaeeateseeneeats 291 
Former Treasury Secretary Paul O?NeiI1 cee ecesecseesecneeeecesesecsaecaeesecsecsecnaeeccsaecasesecsesseesaeeeesaecasesesaeeaeesaseeesaeeaeeaeeaeeats 349 
Foundations of Freedom, Form #12.021, Video 4: Willful Government Deception and Propaganda ..............::0 40, 138 
FOUNGINS Fathers sc io:c.c53ssetdcisccveecbasensersesevsresiesustousseusesesegssdcescesntesicesucduoeadussdecautauseauneytsdieadi Cosaseseusdachscrsspeusrsissedteosseurersennctes 237 
Frank Herbert, The Dosadi Experiment .00.....0..c ce eescceeccecsseceeceecesecesneecsaeceeneecsaeceneecsaeceeneecaaeceseeecnaeceeeeecsaeceeeeesaeceeeeesnaeeenee 220 
De Facto Government Scam 27 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Pra KO Walilce ss siscecccacetccassentctcaaccetacstuantocs ante saccxesetoaecuaneaueruersses sues neecbent sea suatescecuesenesanteranacales sans ahineseseh stones aeeenanade eecceennn ae 354 








Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United States ......c.ccccccccccsccccccsessssssccccecsesscsscsccscsessessssseeceesscssssesceseesssssesevesseenees 86 
Franklin Delano Roosevelt .............cccccccceeseseeeseseseseceseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseceseseseseseseseseseeens 239, 242, 257 
Frederic Bastiat .........c.ccccccccssssssccccceesessscececececsesssaeceeececseuaecesececeeseaeseeececeensseseseeeceenesaaesececeesesesaeeeeeesesesssaeaecececeeseaeaeeeeeees 103 
Pull: Payment RUS ic. 252 icefscdsedasecsaseneas des cutscusccesecavecusensah voncdeatuts Sodpsucesetatucexsaduveasatadeticed geceacedecagausadessacédosuss culsvess cobeeuseenaduess 288 
Funk and Wagnalls New Practical Standard Dictionary (1946)... cece eecesecesecese cece caeecaeeeaeeeeeeeeseeeeeseeaessaecaesnaesaeeaeeeas 41 
G. Edward Griffin 0... cccccccccccsecescecssecesececssecsseeecssecseceecsaecseceecaeceseeecsaecseeescsaeseseeecsaesseeeecsaeceseeecsaesseeeecsaeseeeeecsaeseeetecsaeesees 133 
General Order 228C, Federal District Court in San Diego... eee ceeceeesecesneeceeceeececeseceeeeecaeeeeaeecsaceeeaeecaeeeeaeecnaeeeenees 304, 351 
Geoffrey Nunberg (October 28, 2001). "Head Games / It All Started with Robespierre / "Terrorism": The history of a very 

frightening word". San Francisco Chronicle ...0....ccsceecessescseeseeecseeccscesecsaeeecesecaeesecseesecsaeeecsaecaeesecseeseesaeeeesaeeaseaeeaeeaeens 183 
George Washington, (letter to Patrick Henry, 9 October 1775) ....ee ce eeeceesecsseceeeeeceeceeceeceaceeeaeecaeeeeeeeceaeeeeaeecsaeeeeaees 167, 237 
Getting a USA Passport as a “State National”, Form #10.013 oo... ccc eecsesscsseeeceseceeesecseesecsaeeecaecaeesecaevsessaeeeceaeeasseeeneeats 148 
Government Conspiracy to Destroy the Separation of Powers, Form #05.023 ........eessscsseessesecseeesceeeeeeeseeeeeseeaeeeeens 328, 366 
Government Corruption, Form #11401 0.0... cece ceeceseceecececcecneeeseeeneescenseceseeseceeceaeceaecaaecaeecaeecaeseseeeeeseeeeeeeeeneeenaeenaes 38, 86 
Government Corruption: Causes and Remedies Course, Form #12.026 ...........:cccsccescceseeesecececcecseeeseeeseeeeeeeeeneeeneenseenaes 38, 86 
Government Has Become Idolatry and a False Religion, Family Guardian Fellowship ..............:cesceseseceseeeeeeeeeeeeeee 342, 344 
Government Identity Theft, Form #05.046 .0.......ccceccecccesecsceeseeeeceeeceeceseceseceeeceaeceaecaaecaeeeaeeeaeeeeeeeeeeerenrees 46, 54, 73, 138, 271 
Government Instituted Slavery Using Franchises, Form #05.030..........::cc:ccssceesceesceeseeeeeeeeeeseenees 95, 244, 269, 308, 326, 369 
Government Instituted Slavery Using Franchises, Form #05.030, Section 14.0... eeessesecseeseesseeecesecesesecseeseeneeeecaeeeeeaeens 86 
Government Instituted Slavery Using Franchises, Form #05.030, Section 23 .0......cccessssessceseeceseceeseceeeeceeeecsaeeneneeeaeeaes 164 
Government Instituted Slavery using Franchises, Form #05.030, Section 23.16 and 19 oo... .eeeeeesesecseeeeceeeeeceaeeeeeeeeneeaes 256 
Government Instituted Slavery Using Franchises, Form #05.030, Section 24 .........ccccesccssesesecsseeeeeeeeeseeseceseeeseenseenaes 115, 311 
Government Instituted Slavery Using Franchises, Form #05.030, Section 27.2 0... ceceessssscssseceseeeceseceeeseceeeeaeeessaeeeeeaeeas 90 
Government Instituted Slavery Using Franchises, Form #05.030, Section 27.2: Unconstitutional Conditions Doctrine .. 166 
Government Instituted Slavery using Franchises, Form #05.030, Section 29.3 ......ecceeceesseceeeeecseeceeeeecsaeceeeeeenaeceeeeesnaeeesee 285 
Government Instituted Slavery Using Franchises, Form #06.030, Section 18 .........ecceeceesseceeeeeceseceeeeecnaeceeeeessaeceeeeesnaeeeeee 281 
Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302........cccecccccssscesseecssecesseecseeeesseecseeeeseecsseeeeeeees 43, 92, 136, 137, 221, 342, 345, 348, 354, 366 
Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302, Chapter 6: History of Government Income Tax Fraud, Racketeering, and Extortion in the 

US Aivess evs sictsctcoavecegtecbckeeedh letuied chccesaecs te sued ebesnetsssdecce leuk buen iveees Hckeas Teac tevedlacesteaaGvieee Ro wwe sadet secu ects cs hastvsatleiacteaiweres ies 46 
Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302, Section 4.1 ou... cece ccecescsesesesesesessseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseresesesesesesesereseseeens 60, 65, 222 
Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302, Section 4.3.1 oo... eccsescsessssscsssesesessscsesesesesssesesesesesesesesesesesesesesesesesesesesesesenesens 109, 344 
Great IRS: Hoax, Form #11302, Sectton 43:12: :.ic.ccccscccoissavciivessocsavasadesdeevavcvsvscavcssvevavcvachvodevsvevsvcsevs vane svevavcsseusadessvecsodenta 220 
Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302, Section 4.3.6.............cscscscscsssvssevsvsvsssvevsvevsvsvsvscsvevsvecsvsvsvevsvevsvevsvsvevscsvevsvevsvssessssvsssvecsvsvsvees 64 
Great IRS Hoax, Forim#1 1.302, Section 4:25 voici. cdcsscescccsaissioctsveseocssvasadesseeveecvsescsecdsvlvapcvacusodesseevebeveea caved svevancsaeasadevdvevaoevseacs 60 
Great IRS Hoax, Form: #11.302, Section S101... ccccccccccctscsscoessvesevcvsessooessvevevcveessovsvevsavevscsovevseessvcveessevebvvdvsvcvavbsovevsvevsoevesbes 65 
Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302, Section 5.2.4 .......icccccccccccssescseseseseseseceseeeseeeeeseseeeeeeeceeeeeeeseeeceseseteseseseseseeeseseseseseeeeeseseneeees 130 
Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302, Section 5.2.5 .o....icccccccccccsssseseseseeeseseseeeseseceseseseceseseseseseseseseseseeeseeeceeeseseceseceseceseseseceseseneeens 184 
Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302, Section 5.6.15 ........cccccccccccccccseseseseseseseseseseseseseseeeseeeceeeeeeeseseseeeseeeseeeseeeseseseeeseseeeseeeseeeeeeens 332 
Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302, Section 5.6.17 .............cscsccccscecsesssssccccsecsessnsnccsvcessesssatscevessvsvssnseesessosssssnsuscevcesosssnesssesseses 338 
Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302, Section 6.6.1 ....ccccccccccccscccsessessscssccesecsscsecssscccsesessscssesucessessecsesssseseesssessssscessesseseseseeseeeees 53 
Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302, Section 6.8.20 .........ccccccccscscccesssssssscssccesecssssscssesscecsesssessssccnssessusesesceseesseussscessessesssesasesees 249 
Handbook of Common Law Pleading, Benjamin Shipman... cccsesesesecsseeecsseceeesecseesecseeeeesaecaeesecaeeseesaseeesaeeateseeaeeats 308 
Hierarchy of Sovereignty: The Power to Create is the Power to Tax, Family Guardian Fellowship ............. esses 269 
History of Federal Government Income Tax Fraud, Racketeering, and Extortion in the USA, Great IRS Hoax, Form 

FTE 302; CA Pret -O y.cccc ascot te caye eects teste svesyn ctu tek cea canes dueiieet WosestasGisrewsceseccusceavernsarsaesiencsadtevteuSce tess ederesshitunbes, Hanes ouaeeds Anes 366 
Hoffman, Bruce "Inside Terrorism" Columbia University Press 1998 ISBN 0-231-11468-0. p. 32... eee eeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeee 183 
HouseOf Representatives .2s:cevuisiesicevaesue slicesise eet vate, sil eest eb ecstabbcbachad aes beendesSesaned, an pote bedaasens avian ettoesy eeu: 63 
House of Representatives, Ex. Doc. 99, 1867, pp. 1-2 .....cecccesccsseesseeseeeseeesceeeceseeneceecnaecaecaaecaeecaeeeaeeeseseeeeeeereeeeseaeeneenaes 214 
Hoverdale Letter, SEDM Exhibit #09.023 ou... cccceccscscseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseeeeeseseseseseseseseseseeeseseseseseeeseeeseeeeeeees 328 
How Scoundrels Corrupted Our Republican Form of Government, Family Guardian Fellowship............:cceeceseseseeseeeeees 60 
How the World Works, John Perkins .0.............ccccccccceseseseseseseseseseseseseceseseseseseseseseseseseseeeseceseseseseseceseseseceseseceseceseeeseseseeeseeesees 40 
Idaho Observer July: 2004 2s saccseccbasicest cosy secadaet ds uaccanseestnnede cc caineezedavedeivneqcusoundeatbasoagauedee tones sacceusteudgentovnssaneuoelanese cecornersedecvint 291 
If the IRS Were Selling Used Cars, Family Guardian Fellowship ............cccsccssssscssseseeseceeeeeceeeecsaeceeeaecsesseeneeseceaeeeeeaeeateaeens 92 
Internal Revenue Manual (1.R.M.) ........ccccccesssccecssceeecenececeeaececsecaececeeeeceesaeeecseaaeeeceeeaecsesaececseaaeeeseueeeesesaeeecsesaeesseneeeeeeaes 137 
Internal Revenue Manual (I.R.M.), Section 1.1.1.1 (02-26-1999) oo... eecccccccsseceesseceeeesececssaeeeecseeeeeneaeeecsesaeeeseneeeeeeaes 361 
Internal Revenue Manual (1.R.M.), Section 1.2.4 ......cccccccccccccecssssssscecececsesseneeecececeenensesecececsesseaeeeecceenesnsseseecesesenseaeees 92, 137 
Internal Revenue Manual (1.R.M.), Section 25.2.2 .o..cccccccccssccecssnseceeseececeeneeeeceeeeeeessececsesaececseaeeceesaeeecsesaeeeseneeeeessuseeeseaeees 54 
De Facto Government Scam 28 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Internal Revenue Manual (I.R.M.), Section 4.10.7.2.8 ....cccccccccssscssscecssscssseecssecesececsaesseeeecsaeceseeecsaeceeeeecsueceeeecsuecseeeecsaeeneeees 92 





Internal Revenue Manual (I.R.M.), Section 5.14.10.2 (09-30-2004)... ecccccccsssececssececeessececseeeeceeseaeeceeaeeecessaeeeseneeeeneaes 377 
Internal Revenue Service..........cccccccccsccesscsesesesesesesesecesececeseseseseseseseseseseseseeeseseeesesesesesesecesesesesesesececeseseceseseseseseeesens 91, 285, 324 
IRS: Bnrolled Agent Pro ptann cigscssgscssctee dass cutcsoseesces vscosessccossceguts dou ghueedsdsaneeveaaeceasdss segs dadeuoeacedea ssovd agence cuss susecuacuucessesegetsasden Cotes 92 
TRS Form 1040.00. .eeccccceccceceesceesceeseesseesecesecesecaeceaecaaecaaecaeeeaeeeaeeseeeseeeseceeecaaecaecaaecaaecseecaeeeneseeeeaeeeeeeeereeeenaes 143, 332, 343, 354 
TRS! Fortin: TOAONIR® vs caseeieedeccsedegenszseteacdes desadazs deveescadescesacisseoesendu dabei antes ded ebensduan cata sa dneadadiantatadedsbanszdeecdeina devensdvanreikaetes 141, 143 
TRS Form 1042-S oe .eececcceccceccsceeseeeseeeceesecesccesecsaeceaeceaecaaecaaecaeecaeeeneesaesseeseceesecseeesaecsaecaaecaaecaeecaeeeaeseneeeeeeeeeeeeseeseneenaes 194, 270 
IRS Form 1042-S Instructions, p. 14.0... eeeceescecssecesceceseeesaceceseeesneecseeeeneecsaceesaceceeeseneeceaeeeeaeecseeseneeceeeeeeneeens 194, 249, 270 
TRS Form 2555 .o...cccescesccesecssecscecseeeseesceeseceseeesecacceaeceaeceaecaaecaaecaeeeaeeaecsaeeseesseceeceaecaeecsaecaaecaaecaeecaeeeseeeaeseeeeeeseaeeeesseneeneeeaes 143 
TRS Form 4852 o0....ccecccesccesccssecscecsceeseeseeeseceseceseceseceaeceaecsaecaaecaaecaeeeaeesaessaesseesseceseseecaaecaaecsaecaaecaeecaeeeaeseseseeeeeeeeeeeeereeneeeesenaes 256 
TRS Fort W-2......ccccesccescceseesecscecseeeseesceesecesecsecaecsaeceaeceaecaaecaaecaeeeaeesaessaessecsseceaeeeecsaeesaecsaecaaecaeecaeeeseeeaeseeeseeeeeeeenesenseneenaes 331 
TRS Form W-4......eececccesecesecceeseeseeeeeeeseeesecesecaeceaecaecaeecaeeeaeeeaeseeeseeeeeeeeerenaees 90, 195, 202, 252, 331, 332, 333, 354, 375, 376 
IRS Fortin: WaSBEN si ssc usedetsankeacanenedanssnnsiad sutesdatoaebeadenetslageneabebdnnegendassaubnanscebsdachseantss ase vaasebebuteaasvutt deg lena sted saxenstaeessaaasees 179 
TRS POrMs W=2:and! W=3: in cccissshetesnevecsdevsssencasouscdusnsabnssovetectenpsnsnasevediocduonoebbibessiessssoshnesssiedecdasssustidesotacsbensepvasesedeetonseesnitovets 285 
TRS: POPMS W222 and: WHA: i cssssechetesneuetessoenssecesousddesnsebssieveSecsbenstonnievstiocsuospentls snctones bvennessndedecbaspensnibieoteidessnesbiseeteedosnsbontieveds 331 
IRS Forms W-2, 1042-S, 1098, and 1099 oo... eeeeeeeccesecececeeecneeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeneeeeenaeenaes 89, 175, 255, 296, 335, 337, 376 
IRS Humbug, Frank Kowalik, ISBN 0-9626552-0-1, 1991 ......eeeeceeseesceesceesceecceeceseceseceaeceaecaeecaeeeaeeeseseneseeseeeeeeeeeeseenaes 314 
IRS: Mission: Statement) <, <.ss:sscsssvecssssnedasiassbeedcvasavanasvabsaacveeslagsacsonseecececdyssaubadeanedsdapuaousess Sezacsasanahasea vols leatonnsane ana tacdatoaebadesseas 361 
IRS Publication 519, Year 2000, p. 15, Year 2000 0.0... ceeccecsseceeeecsseceeneecsaeceseeesaeceeneecsaececeecaecseneecaeceeeeeeaeeeeneesneeeeaee 375 
IRS Published Products Catalog (2003), p. F-15 ooo. cece cseecseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeesecaecsaecsaecsaecseecaeeeaeseeeseeeseeseeeeneesseenseenaes 141 
It’s ar [liisiony, Johti, Harris'..:...0c¢.csccesscasessssascecescstenvasessecndersesncnonseeestecsiegventsaoncdeesisoasnecencedensicosssosieresecthonsagesieonses sasstapacacvets 309 
J. Bouvier, 1 A Law Dictionary 185 (11th ed. 1866) 2.0... cee ceeecesecsceeseeeseeeneeceeseceseeesecsaecsaecaaecaeecaeecaeeeseseeeseeeeeeeeeesenass 111 
Jailhouse Lawyer’s Handbook, Litigation Tool #10.002 0... ee eescssesecseeseceseeeeeseceeesecaeesecnaeeeesaecaeesecaesseesaeeeesaeeneteeeaeeat® 288 
JarneS. IM agdisOmcec;cessacbssccicicstehssukesde cass do4oveiiabecoossybocshavecavaced bacacabebsebsuecebesennsbsooencbbassaehGadecenedeesopesgbacsnaucdessebesesecesestecsaebes 70, 158 
James Madison. House of Representatives, February 7, 1792, On the Cod Fishery Bill, granting Bounties... 70 
Jean Jacque ROUSSCAU. se: sicesceicescevck de sacseibencas Sb thssevkssess Cones ihechbceswe Shakes sdstiv sues Sisteceasnse beads iecsieubvcedscusdecdeckb dives Auvaesdebecveadiees 124 
Jeffrey Dick stent xis 0csecascics Feit eees Shas letevvks Asessaseiiseadi ahh bisttki deed Lilia Ses aaa el de hae 228 
John Adams in a letter to Thomas Jefferson, 1787 ...........cccccscccccccccssessscsscsccecscssesssescecsesssssessccececsessseseesesessessasseeseeesesseenees 135 
John: Adams: 2nd (Presid intl sicsteeces cc82icacesice ces cbscek idcsiveveccd stecacesseucanecatecadectuce asec teeaauesueeaeceaeenadenscoe abet sieencenteceaneiaceesdesseees 64, 158 
John: Adams; Letter;-Aprill 15; 1S 14 ccc. sccsesiveseccssaccibdewes Moves te vhadades Qavscedes esas cleteckastevessadia cagadeuty vsenstcbanhsaubeceuasachsedeabeaesesuels 372 
Judicial Code of 2000, Title 28, Evidence Book, Vol. 2, Exhibit 6, p. 26..........:ccccceesesseseecesecesecesecseecseeeseeeeeeeeeesreeseenaeenaes 300 
Jury Summons Response Attachment, Form #06.015 ooo... eee cece cseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeaecaecsaecsaecsaecaeecaeeeseseeeeeeseeeeeeeseenaes 116 
Justice lar an ss sacs cost coves sek caaskk Gece cla cadaceet ieee ch ecesa lelasccvasteces ce caucecké Gassgeads co usul MiceUedsnds seed aucagadett canes dl stash cases vbdheesadsbieeeasdlenice 48 
Justice Jackson in International Harvester v. Wisconsin Dept of Taxation, 322 U.S. 450 .......cccecccscesseesseeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeeeenaes 325 
Justice. William: O; DOUslas:ceicccies asbeccshssteed costecedestisess Muceeadchecdees bees a shassbeechsesegesiavesed Medes sieib ieee Ueneuascibeive Masaeasaweneestes 358 
Katz, Federal Legislative Courts, 43 Harv.L.Rev. 894, 917-918 (1930)... eeeesceceseeeneeceseeeseeecseeeseneecereseneeess 286, 310, 383 
KS CONST Ss oe seaa cessieue adele tcl doce tueted can eiewedur tek see, SH ues A ehagace, < estbiebba duane Poevedeedtiee cap tala cocS Olas io Senta Miata Hevea bothae ye toaacs 173 
Law:and Government,Pace; SECHOM LDS syeciscisceuSsatnnese sinpeca deve ncayesiovacsbedtenansseepedsvadeuwanesuentessedeveskostayoasbidsaneyssdenebneeDinnaxeceeveent> 38 
DeawOl SUSPECTS sichis. siaetechsic ee ao aa oi aceite cela eta vay rida laa ws, nad Hiss a atte, Hae Pao ag, ange ales 44 
Taw: OF the Maxi in 1.2 estiece seh pee eeieea. site Setaes. Aah aves ene ete ee Haar eeatsesiiee teen, Hou anaes att 44 
Laws:-of the: Bible, Forti:#13. 001 sos siccesescessieas iste sversts Meaeseus seer sekeavansdes dhanedpatuass costs bas dubedaiu is taba ds elbbevade Gheedkeasaueavataeees 309 
Legal Deception, Propaganda, and Fraud, Form #05.014 oo... eeeeeeeseeeeeeeees 40, 54, 93, 116, 138, 175, 181, 290, 291, 357 
Legal Deception, Propaganda, and Fraud, Form #05.014, Section 5 wo... cece cee cseeceeeeeeeeeeeeeeeecesecesecaecsaecaesaeesaeeeaeeees 46 
Legal Deception, Propaganda, and Fraud, Form #05.014, Section 6.0... ceecsescssesecseceeseceeseenaeeecsaeceeesesseeseenaeeeesaeeneaeeas 48 
Legal Notice of Change in Domicile/Citizenship and Divorce from the "United States", Form #10.001.......... eee 155 
Letter of Disqualification, Department of Motor Vehicles... cceesssesscscesecsseeeceseceeesecaeesecsaeeeesaecaeeaecaeeseesaeeeesaeenseaeeaeeats 151 
LYSANGEL SPOON asses ce ss sib cessesvactecheisatssbtesceevscuncababavbavsabeed cabal hue ous ey seoauSed Ma susshubeds bates sdenyconsebeucusaussbensse) Deus adesieesmenudburancuaely 229 
IVA eA ee Dy AMIN ico cach arse Seas oe basa ce’s ean eam stata se vast sans pas ua an’ auth oards ga ak aa'ah Sous dota a opaaa uta uaa baadusouh inet ad cadueabeesuteetenieetess 38, 289 
Matthew Henry’s Commentary on the Whole Bible; Henry, M., 1996, c1991, under Prov. 11:1 oe eects 195, 272 
Maximilien. RODESPlerne aise te eccecetnsacesanccsecchsaeceswaccancts saces te cousteededeusshnesateesneatysees encvensedusnstacvaceesncatiaceagecauxeeds toeupstocesnextadeeusatee 44 
Meaning of the Word “Frivolous”, Form #05.027 0... .csscssscesssecssecseeecseeseceaeeecsaecasesecseeseceaeeecsaecaessecaeeseenaseeceaeeeeeaeeaeeats 357 
Meigs's Growth of the Constitution, 284, 287 .........ccccsccssecsseesseesseeseeseceecesecesecaeceaecsaecaaecaeecaeeeneeeaeeeeeeeeeeaeeaeeeaeeeaeenaecneeeneesas 50 
Microsoft ® Encarta ® Reference Library 2005. © 1993-2004 Microsoft Corporation .........:cccesessscseeeeceseeeceaeeeeeeeneeees 352 
Microsoft® Encarta® 2008. © 1993-2007 Microsoft Corporation ..........ccceeecessecssecssesecseeeeceseeecsaecaeesecseeseesaeeecsaeeneeeeeneeats 181 
Ministry Introduction Course, Form #12.014 0.0... ceeccecssecescecseceeeeecaeceeneecaeceeneecaecseneecaeceeeecsaeceeeeecsaeceeeeesaeceeeeeenaeeeaes 365 
Mire UStiCe: MaAtIhe WS siscscecsscncescectasatesscesvaanedasees tnceanecesigactect caunexsetaeuden begeuseunteataesoancusaeeteiaessoceeunngsigertssnssaneepstanesens qortueselanvace 280 
INT iI ACIS OM soe e occ ceccratesacerscccusccstescesaocesveutatucetsusceaneses Socusc ce cotuecestetetanneganseas taauee sa encvaatetasa(iercceuneentvaresvocatuexestorpucccesneeieeastaes 50 
De Facto Government Scam 29 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


New Bible Dictionary. Third Edition. Wood, D. R. W., Wood, D. R. W., & Marshall, I. H. 1996, c1982, c1962; InterVarsity 


Press: DOWners Grove ....ccccccccccccccccccccccccceucccesceesceeseecsceeseeeseseseseseseseeeseeesseesesesesescaesesescesscessessscesseeseseseseseseseeens 175, 183, 239 
Non-Resident Non-Person Position, Form #05.020 ..........cccccccccccssseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseeeseseseceseseseseseeeseseseeeeeeees 365 
Notice of Pseudonym Use and Unreliable IRS Records, Form #04.206 ...........cccecccesccssecesecesecececseeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeneeneeenaes 285 
Notice of Pseudonym Use and Unreliable Tax Records, Form #04.206 ..0........cccesccesecesececeeeeeeeeeeeeeeceeeeeseceseceseeeaeenaecneeeneeeas 92 
Origins and Authority of the Internal Revenue Service, Form #05.005 ...........cc:ccsccesccesecesecececeeeceeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeenerenseenaes 53,91 
Origins of the term “terrorism”, Crime MUSCUM .00...... cc eeeeeesceseeeeesecseesecseesecneesecsaeceeeecaeesecnaesecsaeeaesaesseeseeneeseeeaeceeeaesateatens 45 
OSCAT SIM CY: cai ccides safeccascgsccussass codes oegcd ex dale cuaceass tadeducecsasuncasacanuts Sot pscca se tatucexsaduveasatasetaced gusta cedecegausadessas faogees cuasuese cobeeuseendduvess 228 
Path to Freedom, Form #09.015 wu.......cccccccccccccceseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseeeseseseceseseseseeeseseseseseseseceseseseceseceseseseseseseceeeeeeesees 72 
PP AUIWIOS Seeedan cases ccc suacedeasesevceevauadessedaueosdanscudsusaceudessdeausausdanueascstecnistandonsituausausaduueasuceiues tuigiees satacutansasnveasiaedetiiutaiacabitaaeisnsiaeuash 121 
People of the Lie: The United States, Family Guardian Fellowship ............ecesesccssecssesecseeeeceseeeceaecaeesecaeeseeeaseecaeeaeeeeeneeaee 321 
Petition for Admission to Practice, Family Guardian Fellowship ..........ccsceccssseccssecesesecseeeeceeeeeaecaeesecaeeeeesaseeeaeeneneeeneeats 116 
Philosophical Implications of the Temptation of Jesus, Stefan MO]YNeUX........ eee ceeeeeeseeseceeeeeeseeeceaeceeesecaeeseeneeeeesaeeneaeens 70 
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt ..........ccccccccscccccssessssscesccececsesscseececeesesssessesecessesucssssececsessasesssessecseesessesucessessseseecsens 137 
President NaXO0 .is5301053552005eFon0sa0 35050 eyesaneoasisenceaveioagoasyeeaveded ioesongv asco sbevsn ho adh oes obs sane sabes ous ledeoisbubyesunsdsssovsbnpeonievesdeatsadeaseseoeos 41 


Presumption: Chief Weapon for Unlawfully Enlarging Federal Jurisdiction, Form #05.017 .. 175, 181, 254, 256, 291, 293, 
309, 334, 357 








Professor Kent Greeawallt ..........cccccccccccccsssceceesseeecesscececsssceceeseeecnsnseceessseececsaeeecessaececsseecsessetecseasececsseeceesaeeeeessaeeeensnseseenaes 144 
Pralnri Bmam uel socd.ss4c1tete: hone seceentceeautesCocuweatessecsvescadsassananeetencetanons eect oesiset wanes cusses caspanss cece cundesnouetiescee ts bentuatieseseesedeucasskeseerseeea 45 
Readings on the History and System of the Common Law, Second Edition, Roscoe Pound, 1925, p. 543.0... cesses 169 
Reasonable Belief About Income Tax Liability, Form #05.007.............:cccccescceseceseceseceeeceeeceeeeeeeeseeeeeeeeeerens 53, 138, 175, 366 
Rebutted Version of the IRS “The Truth About Frivolous Tax Arguments”, Form #08.005..........:eecseeeseeeceeeeeseeeeees 366 
Re ISTO FV CHEOR i, te ssaused isvnsads Saale acs esGeacvacbebdcacaneehaoeaptUeeatencen soanseabeseupbii ssbabetb aubectaessibetiosousddausrelt Has viele teeheldoolbs tennebebiSeaaees 44 
Requirement for Consent, Form #05.003 ..........ccccesccssecesecsceeseeeeeeeeceeeceseeesecesecaecaecaecaeecaeeeneeeseeneeeenees 43, 148, 256, 321, 339 
Requirement for Equal Protection and Equal Treatment, Form #05.033 ..0.......:ccescescecseesseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeteeeaes 101, 244, 280, 359 
Requirement for Equal Protection and Equal Treatment, Form #05.033, Section 7.5 .....ececesecesseessesecseeeeceseeeceaeeeeeeeeneeaes 165 
Requirement for Reasonable Notice, Form #05.022 ........cecccssecseesseeseessceescesecesecesecaecaaecaaecaeecaeeeseseneeeeeeeseeeeseeseeeenaes 165, 290 
Resignation of Compelled Social Security Trustee, Form #06.002............:cccccesccescceeeceseceeeceeeceeeeseeeeeeneeeeeees 90, 135, 299, 335 
Restatement, Second: Torts:S VOAG scs.sscscecsedistasadethvevendssenchoesivasebelavts eitcuveecl sia cgocisuucapessiasades dua vabersus eave useabavsebiaderdeucsoelecacs 42 
ROSCOESPOUNG ssssicssciversecicicadesdec ced siaysca dena cules si eees odekedesdsh nee tecc ties esd dha seca dalvc ease cheats aca wae wbed eae bcdsa he sana eee ead daa ied leeessdabeceeactons 169 
Rule for Changing a Republic into a Democracy and then into a Monarchy, Philip Freneau.......... eee eeeeeeeceeeeeeeeeneeeeeee 95 
Rules of Presumption and Statutory Interpretation, Litigation Tool #01.006 ..0... ee ee eeeeecseeeeeeseeeeeseeeeeeeneeees 130, 291, 309 
Salary Tax Upon Clerks to Postmasters, Letter from the Secretary of the Treasury, Ex. Doc 99, 39th Congress, 2nd Session 
adic Shech Se usd SL ox003 dea dGeseves dheeishdetsee oS ab ee seRcek a Ges c6 02 vGUs sacs cA ACRES ET eae Seek UGE sed Taeed dameenaseteea ecb seduce dates ebb ety Saakes eaelates eiebs see 266 
Schmid, Alex, and Jongman, Albert. Political Terrorism: A new guide to actors, authors, concepts, data bases, theories and 
literature. Amsterdam ; New York : North-Holland ; New Brunswick: Transaction Books, 1988 .............c:cccccccsesseeeees 183 
Secretary of State: Philander KNOX 5.:<.ccscck. tiseide bese cncesteepesns canted vasibe, Seblienst ipian badinagebievoesieianad dnaneboeesiaG eet bleed 53 
SEDM Disclaimer, Section 4: Meaning of Words ..........ccsceseeccssesssesecseeseceeeecsaeceessecaeesecneesecsaeeeesaecaeesesaeseesaeeeeaesatensenees 101 
SEDM Disclaimer, Sections 8 and 9 
SEDM) Forim-#05 030). cciess chess aeelep ith naker tev sete eeedaw eye Hiss dahablvnes ube eeyeatlwedesPeanudeh dvways ahis babbusbueveskey eda eaves Woeyy elvaesde nes 
SEDM Jurisdictions Database Online, Litigation Tool #09.004 .........eececceseeseesceeseeeseeeeceeeesecesecaeceaecneeceeecaeeeaeeeneeees 97, 220 
SEDM Jurisdictions Database, Litigation Tool #09.003 ............:esccesccesecesecececscecseeeeeeeeeeeeceseeeseeaecsaecaecnaeceeceeeaeeeseeees 97, 220 
SEDM, Liberty UDIVEISIEY iets sited sccceenettateiiaheccstiwess sda iadss dined nape rot eeasedivier thse chewed aha eis 366 
SEDM Liberty University, Section 4: Avoiding Government Franchises and Licenses ............sceeeeeeseeeeteeneeeeeeeeee 193, 269 
SEDM Entigation VOols: Page iiss cciscciscsseneus tus sicendeostenesdssberessbesiansahsysibsesdudusads sucbedeed@ cessdsieuvonbilltusansdhaveae¥elanssusaveetoeseasdeeeuabeey 220 
SEDM Sermons, Section 4.1: Statist ........ccccccceecccccessscecesssececesscececsseseceessececssceececsseecessaeeccesssececssseeceesueeccnssseeeesineseessaeers 118 
SEIDM. Website: Opening Page oc sieicsccscesuscssts sods cwasscsuhsannsish cacus ths sects ussavescveaseess Sascuusedudadudeevessusebscgsnssshesunceditgsccdvsewsioebadsoueioes 73 
Self Government Federation: Articles of Confederation, Form #13.002 o..........ccccecccscccccecsessssscsseessessseseescesseesssssesevesseesees 103 
Senate Document #43, Senate Resolution No. 62, p. 9, paragraph 2, 1933 oo... eceeceeceeeceseceseceaeceuecaeecaeeeeeeneeeeeeeeees 368 
Semator Sam Ervith.........ccccccccccccccesssscecececeesessecececececsesseaececececeesesaeseeececsessaaeeeeececeeeasesececeeseseseaeceeeeeesenaaeeeceeeceeseaeseeeeeesensas 289 
Separation Between Public and Private Course, Form #12.025 00... .eceesccceseceeseeceseceeneeceeeeeaeeceeeeenees 61, 101, 110, 114, 269 
ME PalatlOnsOl POW CUS. cicss: sis caccsccateseesetacteseetatepsheqretcessdonssccesesitctscaceascucnut ous fyestss4-sateyohdecedextcautaestiessieh-gacqatasuenstaceetes oitentgetes 55 
Silence as a Weapon and a Defense in Legal Discovery, Form #05.021 o.......ecceccceescessceseceeeceseeeeeceeeseeeaeeneeeenees 288, 290, 324 
Sir Matthew Halle ..........cccceccccccccsssssscecececeesenseaececececsesseaececececeesesaeseeececsesssaeaeeeeeeseeaaeeececeeseseseseceeceeeseaaeeeeceeceeseaeseeeesesensas 169 
Social Security Administration (S.S.A.)......ceesccssscesseecesecesseeceeeesneecaeeesacecaceesaeecsaeeeeaeecaeeseaeecaeeeeaeecsaeeseaeecsaeeseaeecsaeensnees 285 
Social Security Program Operations Manual System (P.O.MLS.) oo... cece ceeeseeeeeeeeeeseceeeeesecesecaecaecsaecaaecaeesaeseeeeeeeeaeens 285 
De Facto Government Scam 30 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Social Security Program Operations Manual System (P.O.M.S.), Section RS 02640.040 0.0... ceeeesseeeeesecreeseeneeees 233, 234 





MOCIAl SSCULILY SS= FORM is ce cecetse facsec es cules Catcescese xcasacadeaceses cise alone Seedee tans facets tact drerdedy os enotetetacatnestcea ete leaene oat: 90 
Social Security: Mark of the Beast, Form #1 1.407 .........cccecccccscesceescceseceseceneceeecaeeeseeeeeeeeeeseeeseeeareneeeneenaes 223, 342, 351, 363 
Social Security: Mark of the Beast, Form #1 1.407 .......ccccceccecsccssecesecsceceeeeeeeeeeeseeeecesecaecaecsaeceaecaaecaeeeaeseseeeseseeeeeeenerenaeenaes 70 
Socialism: The New American Civil Religion, Form #05.016......... ccc eescesceecsseceeeeeeeeceeeeeeneeeeeee 70, 82, 103, 180, 325, 354 
Society is a Blessing, But Government is Evil, Thomas Paine ...........ceesccesccessceceeeceeseeceeeeeceeceaeceeneeceaeeeeaeeceaeeeeneecneeeenees 122 
Sovereign Christian Marriage, Form #06.009 0.0... eceecceeeesecesecesecesecaaecaeecaeeeaeseeeeseeeseaseeesaecsessaeceaeceaecseecaeeeaeseaeeeeeeeees 222 
Sovereignty Forms and Instructions Online, Form #10.004, Cites By Topic: Terrorism”... ec ceessseeeceeeeceseeeceseeeeeenees 46 
Sovereignty Forms and Instructions Online, Form #10.004: History (on the left Menu) 00... eee eeeceeeeeceeeeeeeeeeeeeeeneeeee 46 
Ae Ons 2s soe ccdaz cos adacanedsszans ss usace esate cacaencessaatuce cade sncatieseces saaeeetascenases sadecdeaedeesacidaeesasac tagnine ease ease inte cas tenn stated eed 245 
OAC PORIA, S59 accebats dezecagattededacce donsaccesgushdesasencatatucessadsncasacscacasuk ocsessnnnceseacsce geasceedesetan sedeacetstusesseasaeactensetee 201, 273, 335, 336 
Ae Oni So A 2 Warts cect fe saceg cosuccdesdustecas aces cata ce ceanadessasa.cedeteaadocecs secu desaanacaaeaatee tata cia ooaimcs te ansansessoenaceinee etna east 285 
State family COUT ss .s:s.siclcescssceashsitetozs lon sbunteiesdegecdasspeboesshcdecedbdeabsbdatadesdacszeheziensielepetosseiacoeaesdubspabted -nogecsdupaulaisesedecdateaebsuaeesas 311 
State: Income: Faxes, Forti FOS03 Tice cece cacisceseecsseesassesenaveenesenchacessslonSacsanshsdensonedesaneensedasocunssanphesenasiccunssenseasesasletesenanseeecsase 116 
Slate TraltiG COUN ss: ccc 52255 sahe se cce occu sncneue senses consume hatin c occausuandsanecalnecsn sabatetle sca lesstonentoceecesstensstuteseccbescenceeatessancuecestsastetoecees 311 
AS (a1) 11810718 cee er me 223 
SUpreme COMM a: sssissiicaisisiecsscovahsUaassdsvepesphsnssccvsednenpabsdausodscagnspabessaseVecsonpasadoersdesoheopibebiessienbaenbapadasseusyoaesspsensccsisndassbandsareds 390 
Supreme Court Of California ox. .i5 so... cescessvanhesdaiegscezessasetssesiedsgespabsndesetesdacpeahe (hee sosoyeneubesseveiu stabs nabablosebesdoassurecevousedyenstbaincaeas 302 
Tax Form Attachment, Form #04.201 o.........ccc.ccccccceseseseseeeseeeseseeeseseeeseeeeesesesesereseseseeeseeeseeeseseseeeseeesens 161, 173, 248, 278, 279 
The “Trade or Business” Scam, Form #05.001 0.0... cecccccccsesceceessececesneeeecsseeeceesaeeeenseaeeeenseeeeeens 43, 155, 193, 269, 286, 368 
"WHO: BEASEs5.5%05s5:53e54csaapvesevousStoas osesevedeeonevano doen odes snsvaupeoaey se soa evabevaned oslalepsvaugs bs uvebs soavvabes ssaeodelensoets seis desdgnonnssbinssdvotovousesusioubee 38 
The Citizenship Contract, George Merciel.........ceecesesssesecsseesceseeeessecseesecueesecnaeecsaecasesecaeesecsaeeeesaecaeesecatesesnaseeeaeeaeeaeeaeeats 224 
The Coming Crisis: How Government Dependency Threatens America's Freedom, Jim Demint, Heritage Foundation . 372 
The Free Dictionary by Farlex: Adhesion Contract; Downloaded 10/9/2019 o.oo. ceceeeeecseeeeeeeceseceseeeaecaesaeceecaeeeneeees 69 
The Government “Benefits” Scam, Form #05.040..0.........cccccccccccecssscecsessececsssceceessececessseeecessseeeens 43, 113, 166, 175, 240, 258 
The Institutes of Biblical Law, Rousas John Rushdoony, Copyright 1973, pp. 4-5 .....ccececeseeccesecseeseceeeeeceeeeeceaeeeeeseeneeaes 343 
The Law of Nations, Book 1, Section 223, Vattel........cecccccccccccccssscssccccsessssscssesccecsessscssesececeessesssesesceesssssessecesessesseseessens 223 
The Law of Nations, p. 87, E. De Vattel, Volume Three, 1758, Carnegie Institution of Washington ................::c:ceseee 155 
The Law that Never Was, William Benson ............c.ccccccccceeceeseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseseeeseeeeees 53, 135 
Whe Law; by: Frederic: Bastiat siis.ccccctesscciievce devsccdcite cece vasacsestivevaccleecaietbcvpes haces tociacceeestetasac eubccaes deveeea haceect Gusacetent@eses dened 80 
The Money Scam, Form #05.041 ooo... eee ececsssceesecsseceececsseceeseeceseeeeseeseeeeeeeeceeeesaeessseeeeeeeceseeeeneeess 137, 180, 240, 257, 276 
The Privileges and Immunities of State Citizenship, Roger Howell, PhD, 1918, pp. 9-10... eee eeeseeecneeeeceaeeeeeeeeeeeeeens 68 
The:REAL Matrix, Stefan, Molyneux: ccccsccccesctccassscascesgecnscasdecaionses dhaceccasabectenstavsccaaavaecscdavaiesduacesan duaeacactatiaen chutaanleateasaedanes 176 
The Social Contract or Principles of Political Right, Jean Jacques Rousseau, 1762, Book IV, Chapter 2................c 125 
The Spirit of Laws, Charles de Montesquieu ..............ccccscceseceseesceesceeseeeseeeeeseceseenseeaccaecaecaecaaecaeecaeeeaeeeeeenneennees 55, 106, 124 
The Spirit of Laws, Charles de Montesquieu, Book XI, Section 6.............cesccescceseceseceeeceeeeeeeeseeeeeeceseceeeeaeeeaeceaecneeeneeeneeees 48 
The Spirit of Laws, Charles de Montesquieu, 1758 o........eceeeccssescssecscesecseesecsseeecsaecasesecseesecnasscesaecatesecaeeseenaeeeesaeeneeeeeaeeats 258 
The Truth About Trusts (ASNM, Vol. 7, NO. 1) .....cccccecesssccssssececseneececseneecessaeeecseeaececseeecseaaeeecseaeececueeeceesaeeecsesaeesesneeeeneaaes 244 
There’s No Statute Making Anyone Liable to Pay IRC Subtitle A Income Taxes, Family Guardian Fellowship.............. 209 
"THOMAS JEPSON sescscscssadschassdiveveuevs hseteandvatacusdunedanwsde Qh ecbanysvatosvce sun sdeseuelideluuaustystuabe uote ole dabi adnate Sateavedueostusvee’« 54, 64 
Thomas Jefferson on Politics and Government .............ccccccccsesceceessececsescececsseeececsaeeecesssececsseseceenseeeceeaueecensssececssnesenssaeees 55, 62 
Thomas Jefferson on Politics and Government, Section 29 0.0... cccccccsssecesssececssssececssseeceeseeecssssececsseececsaeeeenssaeeeenssseseeaes 100 
Thomas Jefferson to A. Coray, 1823. ME 15:486 00.0... ceessesscseesecsseeeessecaeesecseesecsaeeneuaecasesecaeeseenaeeesaecassecseeatenaeeeesaeeneeaeeas 59 
Thomas Jefferson to Abbe Arnoux, 1789. ME 7:423, Papers 15:283 .........esccesccesecesececesseeeeeeeseeeeeeeeceseceeeeaeceaecaecaeeeaeeeneeess 64 
Thomas Jefferson to Archibald Thweat, 1821. ME 15:307........cccccccccccccceceessssscesececesssssssscceceessssesssesceeesessseseseseessesseesees 59, 62 
Thomas Jefferson to Charles Hammond, 1821. ME 15:33 1... ccccccceessscscccccecssssscssessceesessecssesccecsesseessssseessessessessveeseenees 58 
Thomas Jefferson to Charles Hammond, 1821. ME 15:332.........ccccccccccccesssssssscescccssessssscsscceceesessscsececcessesseseseseeseesseeees 59, 62 
Thomas Jefferson to Colonel Bell, 1797. ME 9:386 .u...ccccccccccccccssscsscccccssessscsseccceceesseesscsscecsesseesesssceseesseesssssesceessessesseesseesees 55 
Thomas Jefferson to Edmond C. Genet, 1793. ME 9:234........ciccccccscccccsssessscsceccescsessesscsscecsessesssesceseessesssesesseessesesesesseesees 56 
Thomas Jefferson to Edward Livingston, 1825. ME 16:113 ......eccceccceesceesceesceesceeecesecesecaecaeecaeeeneeeaeeeeeeeeeeseeeeenereeeenaes 58, 59 
Thomas Jefferson to Edward Livingston, 1825. ME 16:1 14... ecceccceecceesceeeceeeceseceseceeecaeecneeeneeeeeeeeeeeeseenaeeaeenaeenaecneeeneeeas 59 
Thomas Jefferson to George Hammond, 1793. FE 6:298 .......cccccccssessceesceeseeeeceseceecaecanecaeesaeeeneeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeaeeeaeeeaeenaeeneeeaeeeas 56 
Thomas Jefferson to George Hay, 1807. FE 9:59 ooo. cieecscesscsseeecsseeseesecseesecneeccsaecaeesecaeesecsaeecsaeceeaecsessesnaseesaeceesaeeateaeens 55 
Thomas Jefferson to George Hay, 1807. ME 11:213 occ eececesccssecseeseceeeeeceeeecsaeceeesecseesecsaseecsaeceeesecsesseenaeeesaseeeeaesaeeaeens 56 
Thomas Jefferson to Gideon Granger, 1800. ME 10:168.........ccccecceessesceesceseceeceseceeecaecaaecaeecaeecaeeeseseneeeeeeeeneeneeneenaes 59, 62 
Thomas Jefferson to James Barbour, 1812. ME 13:129 wc ciccccccccccccsessssscccccecsessscssessescsesssesssscceceesscusseseseeessessesesesseesees 56 
Thomas Jefferson to James Madison, 1786. ME 6:9 ......ccccccccccccccsscssccccsesesscsscsceccsessesscsscecsessesssscceseesecsssesesseesssssesesesseesees 55 
De Facto Government Scam 31 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Thomas Jefferson to James Madison, 1791. ME 8:250..........ccecccssscssccccessesssceseccceeseseesscsecessecsecssssccessesseessesseessesseseseseeseesees 56 


Thomas Jefferson to James Madison, 1797. ME 9:368 .u.....cccccccsccssccccessesscseccccecsesseesscsscecsessessssseeceesseussesceseesssssesesesseesees 55 
Thomas Jefferson to James Pleasants, 1821. FE 10:198 woo... ieee cccccsessssssccccecsessecssccscecsessessssececsesseesssesesceessssesesesseenees 57 
Thomas Jefferson to James Sullivan, 1807. ME 11:382 wo....ccciiccecccccccccsesssssccsccecsesscssceccccsessessssceecsesseesssecesceessessesesesseenees 56 
Thomas Jefferson to John Adams, 1787. ME 6:32] .....cccccccccccccssscscccccecsssssessecccecsesseessssscecsesseessssseuceesseasssesceseessessesevesseesees 55 
Thomas Jefferson to John Blair, 1787. ME 6:273, Papers 12:28 ........cecccesscsscescceseceseceeceeecseeeneeeeeeeeeeeeeseenseceaeeeaeenaeeneeeeeees 55 
Thomas Jefferson to John Taylor, 1798. ME 10:44 oo... .eccececeseesseescessceeeceecesecesecaecaecaaecaeecaeeeaeseaeeeceseeeaeeeaeeeaeeeaeenaeeneeeeeeas 57 
Thomas Jefferson to John Taylor, 1816 ........cccceccecccesccesecsceeeecseeeneeeceeecescenecensecaecsaecaecaaecaeecaeeeaeeeeeeeeeeereeeeseeeeneenaes 173, 323 
Thomas Jefferson to John Wayles Eppes, 1807. FE 9:68.00... cssccsssessesecseeeeceseeeceaeeseesecseesecnaeeeesaeceesaecsesseenaseeesaeeeeeaeeaeeaeens 57 
Thomas Jefferson to Joseph B. Varnum, 1808. ME 12:196 .......cccccceccceesceesceeecesecesecesecaeecaeecaeeeneeeeeeeeceseeeaeenaeeeseeeaeenaeeneeeaeeeas 56 
Thomas Jefferson to Nathaniel Macon, 1821. ME 15:34] wo...ccciciccecccccceccesssssccccceceesssssssececsesssssesesescessesssesseeseessessenees 59, 62 
Thomas Jefferson to Samuel Kercheval, 1816. ME 15:34 woo... cccccccssssscccccecsessscsscesceceesseessssceeceesssussesesseessessesevesseenees 58 
Thomas Jefferson to Spencer Roane, 1821. ME 15:326 oo. .eeeceesscsseseceecseesecseeecseeeesaecaeesecseeseesaeeesaeceessecaeestenaeeessaeeneeaeeas 58 
Thomas Jefferson to Thomas Ritchie, 1820. ME 15:297 .......ccccccccccccssscecesssececssseeceeseeecessseccenseeeceesaeeecessaeceessseeseesseeeensnseees 58 
Thomas Jefferson to William Branch Giles, 1825. ME 16:146....... cc ccccccccscccccesssssscescescesssssecesssceessesseessessesssessessesevenseenees 62 
Thomas Jefferson to William C. Jarvis, 1820. ME 15:277........ccccccccccssscccesssececssecececsseeecsessececsseeececsaeeecessaeeeessssessesaeeeenesseees 56 
Thomas Jefferson to William Charles Jarvis, 1820. ME 15:278 vo.cccccccecsescscccccecsssscesceececsessecsessseecsesseesssescessessesesseesesenees 57 
Thomas Jefferson to William Johnson, 1823. ME 15:42] woo. .cciciececcccccccseesscssccscesceessscsscesseesssssesscesseesensseseseseeseessesees 59, 62 
Thomas Jefferson to William Johnson, 1823. ME 15:447 wo...ccecccccccccccesssssscscecccesssssecescescecsesseessesececsesseessseseessesseseseveeseenees 58 
Thomas Jefferson to William Johnson, 1823. ME 15:450 .......ccccccccccccesesssscssececeesssssceseescessessecsesscesssesseessseseessessesessvenseeeees 62 
Thomas Jefferson to William T. Barry, 1822. ME 15:388 ........ecceesceescesscesecesecesecsecececaeecaeeenececeeeeeseeesecaeeaeceaecnaeceeeaeeeneeees 62 
Thomas Jefferson to William T. Barry, 1822. ME 15:389 oo....ecceecceescessceseceeeceseeesecececaeecaeeeseeeceeeeeesecesecaeenaecaecaeceeeaeeeneeees 58 
Thomas Jefferson, First Inaugural Address, March 4, 1801 ........cccceecceesceesceeeceeeceeecesecenecaeecaeecaeeeneeeseeeeeeeeeseeeeeneenaes 167, 237 
Thomas Jefferson: Ist Inaugural, 1801. ME 3:320......0...ccececsseesceesceesceeseeeecesecesecaeceaeceaecaaecaeecaeeeseeeseeeeeseeeeeseeeeaeenas 190, 265 
Thomas Jefferson: Autobiography, 1821. ME 1:12) occ ee cecescesseceesecneeeeceeeecsaecaessecaeesecsaeeecsaeseessecsesseeneeeeesaseeeeaeeaeeatens 58 
Thomas Jefferson: Autobiography, 1821. ME 12122 occ eesescceseescesecseeeeceeeeeceaeceeesecaeesecnaeeecsaeceeesecseseesnaseeesaseeesaesaeeatens 59 
Thomas Jefferson: Batture at New Orleans, 1812. ME 18:129 woo iiceccccccccecsesssssscsceccsesssessssceeseesseussesesceessessesevesseesees 55 
Thomas Jefferson: Batture at New Orleans, 1812. ME 18:130 wie iccecccccccecsessssssccceccsesssesssscesceessssssesesceessesesesesseesees 59 
Thomas Jefferson: Draft Virginia Constitution, 1776. Papers 1:347 0.0... ceeecsseeccssecseeeecseeeeceeeecsaeeceesecseeseeseseecsaeceeseesaeeaeens 56 
Thomas Jefferson: Notes on Virginia Q.XIII, 1782. (*) ME 2:178......ccccecccescesscceseceseceeecacecseeeneeeneeeeceeeeseenaeeeaeenaeenaeeneeeneeeas 57 
Thomas Jefferson: Notes on Virginia Q. XIII, 1782. ME 2:162 0.....cccceecceescesscescceeceseceecaeecseeeneeeeeeeeeeeeeseenaeceaeenaeenaeeneeeaeeeas 57 
Thomas Jefferson: Notes on Virginia Q. XIII, 1782. ME 2:164 oo...ceecceeceescesccsscceseceseccecaeecaeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeaeenseeeaeenaeenaeeneeeneeeas 57 
Thomas Jefferson: Notes on Virginia Q.XIV, 1782. ME 2:207 .....ecccsceessesseeesceeseeeeceeceseceaecsaecaeecaeeeaeeeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeseeeneeneenaes 109 
Thomas Jefferson: Opinion on Executive Appointments, 1790. ME 3:15 woo. eesecsesecseeeeceeeeeceseeeeesecseeseeneeeeceaeeeeeaeeaeeaeens 55 
Thomas Jefferson: The Anas, 1792. ME 1:318 wo....cccccccccccccccccccsessscssccccscsessecssescescsesseesssesceceesssssssseeseesseasssesesceessesesesesseenees 57 
Thomas Jefferson: Virginia Allowance Bill, 1778 .........:cccccssccscessseeseeeseeseceseceseceseceeecaeceaeceaecaeecaeecseeeseseneseeeeeeeeeeesensenaes 302 
Thomas Jefferson: Virginia Petition, 1797. ME 17:359 .......cscccccessceesceescesecesecesecceceeecaeecaeeeseeeeeeeessecesecaeeaecaesaeceecaeeeneeees 57 
MN OMAS Paetsch cece totansy heat te ceoeeveas Sets cacaeustusadtsvavetusnedenstaunadsndoueeeseeenasetesrbeesativest wd ntas Wet usane Siena tebe iuvace eerie at ne acces cneke 121 
Thomas Paine, “Common: Sense” Feb) 1776 v.cisccccsivscuc senses atearseus seer sebsevensdes shansdenstanacdeuieavovsedebe sve daebwasnidaveeteds eusdveiseethadensee’ 367 
Treasury Circular 230 sch stone niet oe anette oii awsay OM ed oa ae eae, Me oa ae cianiee ta 92 
dréasiry-Secretary Paull ONeill sce ton. eet onli Mates cli oe a ceases ce taney Hata ie 266 
Treatise on the Law of Public Offices and officers, p. 609, §909; Floyd Mechem, 1890 ............::cessssseeseeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeaes 356 
‘rust Fever (ASNM, Voll 7 INO: Tose sosscces cereale ccgdeceel ete isa eebie ie aay, ached Madd is cae ae ele 244 
Trust Fever II: Divide and Conquer (ASNM, Vol. 7, No. 4)......::ccsceesceescessceesceeceeecesecesecaeceaecaeecaeeeaeeeeeeeeeseeeseeeeessensenaes 244 
Trusts: Invisible Snares (ASNM, Vol. 12, NO. 1) ...cccccececccccesssececseneeceessncecesaeeecseeaececseeecseaeeecseceececseeeeceeaaeeeseesaeeesseeseeeesaes 244 
W:Se Constitutions Articles TaD esc sesscctivexsevsuscedsncvases snvedebedessadssucrdeesaldvosveSuenedeseddvoadeselsroasbel dawacedbepodeyseanact'sasevsdesutesevedoeubebes 61 
WS. District Courtine an Die S0%i24.2orat et eultvessshted db iacsen, He iatleane Hard en vite ae cee aog Hee ae es 304 
MOS GOV ERIC wesc ses socaccavesieciu toavcesesanst aa tdowedsuvaadscussd su vasaeesauseabiasedaesesaycnasagnysaunsaseusueigoavageeasuuesebagaus sdeasdusoeltoactiniassersesieteees 172 


U.S. Supreme Court106, 112, 126, 172, 173, 178, 181, 184, 186, 187, 188, 190, 193, 196, 207, 211, 214, 221, 224, 226, 227, 
234, 235, 245, 246, 249, 251, 254, 258, 261, 262, 263, 265, 268, 276, 280, 284, 288, 289, 313, 367 





ISS ee ne UIE Esco te eeepc gent ena este nae ares as eeepc dataset fac eee sat gtaters eevee Rises 179, 289, 381, 382, 383, 384 
Unalienable Rights Course, Form #12.038 ........ cc cescesscecsseceeccecesecesceeceaecesececsaececeecsaececeeceaeceaeecsaeeeeaeecsaeeeeaeecaeeseaeeceaeessnees 82 
Undermining the Constitution: A History of Lawless Government, Form #11.409...... cc ceceessecseeeecseeeeceseeeceaeeeeteeneeees 366 
MIMAVEESItY Ob CCA 06s cosa sa cite ceca Feeecdtgtecd exe cps pes hen set eu cae esatasned beancutegs ancsteaceueecucesetereaqune ees tasriecansheqestaeetesterstagebtecsianss 44 
Welt tte TSM 54 eo ceeaniteseces oacceeceetsacesaecccuseciduenteuncesueegtincctecs cosnereytaseden neg easeiatesueesesnceseceteracisecceurersieetesvacssusurstgnedececemneseteertes 121 
WGN 3 2s cece aca ccestencatacaceanaccucscotesescmiestue<ie saadenace se sestasus ncceesuceustaccaedt cast senate cut esncsdt eae tesadanbasiuscaatoeataataccnetetusectensccnes? 220, 325 
W. Shumaker & G. Longsdorf, Cyclopedic Dictionary of Law 104 (1901)... cee eceecesseeeeesecneeeecneeeecsaeeeesaeeaeeseenees 111, 369 
De Facto Government Scam 32 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


W.J.V. Windeyer, Lectures on Legal History 56-57 (2d ed. 1949)... ee ceeecesseeccssecseeseceeeceeeeeeaecaeesecseeseesaeeeeaeeeeeseeaeeats 382 


W-8 Attachment: Citizenship, Form #04.219 oo... eee ceeceescecsseceseeceseeesseeceseeeeneeceeeeeneeceaeeesaeeceeeeeneeceaeeeeneeceeereneeceteeseneeens 161 
Wear On Terror .......eccecccccsssccecsssceceessececseseececsneeecseaeeecseeeeeecseeeeceesaeeecseaaeeeseeeeeeeeaaeeecseaaecesaeeceesaeeecseaeeeeseeeeceeaaeeecsesaeeesseeeeeeeaes 45 
We The People Are The American Government, Nancy Levant 0.0000... c cee ecceeccessceescesecesecesecaecaeecaeecaeeeaeeeeeseeseeeeeenaeenaes 154 
What Happened to Justice?, Form #06.012 ...........eeeeeeeeeteeeteeee 90, 100, 115, 129, 165, 176, 257, 289, 309, 311, 314, 321 
What Happened to Justice?, Form #06.012, Evidence Book, Vol. 1, Exhibit 3.0... ee eeecceecceeneeceeeeeeneeceeeeeeneeceteeeeneeess 300 
What Happened to Justice?, Form #06.012, Evidence Book, Vol. 2, Exhibit 60.0.0... ceeceesccceeeeeeseeceseeeeneeceeeeeeneeceteereneeees 300 
Who Owns the World ........cccccccccssscecssssececsssceeessececsesaececseaceceesaeeecsesaeeecueeecessaeeecsesaececseceececsaeeecsesaeseceaeeeesseeeesesaeeeeseeeeeees 114 
Who Where the Pharisees and the Saducees?, Form #05.04-7 .......cccccccccccccccccccccccceccceceesceeseeceesescecsceescscscecesececesecesesesesesesenees 81 
Why Domicile and Becoming a “Taxpayer” Require Your Consent, Form #05.002............:ccescesseesseeeeeeeeeeeees 43, 90, 97, 129 
Why Domicile and Becoming a “Taxpayer” Require Your Consent, Form #05.002, Section 13 ..........cccesceseeseeeeeeeeeees 138 
Why It is Illegal for Me to Request or Use a “Taxpayer Identification Number”, Form #04.205 ............. 221, 279, 335, 362 
Why Statutory Civil Law is Law for Government and Not Private Persons, Form #05.037.........::c:ccescesceesceeeeeeeeees 304, 308 
Why the Government Can’t Lawfully Assess Human Beings With an Income Tax Liability Without Their Consent, Form 
PEO OM Ms eee eels ea ates te set he ecu eg cee sat ease cue taes,aetcuacssen tagvactasseecestemerceheseun snes easeeta assets se eee es 113, 252, 254, 332, 334 
Why You are a “national”, “state national”, and Constitutional but not Statutory Citizen, Form #05.006 126, 130, 263, 358 
Why You Aren’t Eligible for Social Security, Form #06.001 .0..... ee eescesesecsseseceeeeeceseeeeeaecetesecseeseeeaeeesaeeneeaeeas 53, 279, 335 


Why Your Government is Either a Thief or You are a “Public Officer” for Income Tax Purposes, Form #05.008 . 166, 197, 
214, 273, 296, 356, 359, 379 





Wikipedia: “Terrorism”, Downloaded 5/29/2011 oo. eeeeesseescsseeecesecseesecseeeenaeeecsaecasesecseesecseeeeesaecaeeaecaeesesnaeeesaecaeeeeeaeeat® 183 
Your Exclusive Right to Declare or Establish Your Civil Status, Form #13.008............c:cccccssccsseceeeceeeeeeeceeeceeeseeeseeeeeeenees 157 
Scriptures 

DCO 29 oss sscee casecevedb asecsnccbucvnnsbekastecsvedvonts oksevneevoassnes aievaecsdeucundochsavnevededsedtaleedeesusedsalbstaubescandansbevaveauevaervedbassenceboesonsvens 222 
V Kati g'§ 1.820740... sdecessesteszecseeseshessiavde covancedssason vepsventsnutedutesneuhsabivenua saasvendxasecauuadocnbvehtnehauvasevestansvedsdyeduccisieteanaiousbentansiees 352 
PO TEE Dy fascctsvstaeacsnisvonsened nave buvs venssusdlososeuts ouusansd asvooues nels unsdetusbois douse uve neve sus boessuidegosbnisoonsensbaexoobes desert SobveendeboeseaeysoaaTausbeedvedvans 231 
TPE TEE 27 ice sesebs seul seaeonessuasisuws voles ousdioousuin vuewauvd osvslsuvs veles uns’ ga sbuie osuso ued esas snus vslesousdo sos nis vdess bub vows vbus voles uni Delve entyodesona aoauvnusboeseatvees 225 
TPS te he DeU Sa 7 cesesuin seasons sesssnvs venssuedoussuts ouusausd osvosuvs vulvgvusoge sens douse dvd neve snus boesvuidegos bei consensb aewosbes vdesoniSogweanesboeseaey soaaTousboudennvees 232 
Ug 10 (2 9? a en 118 
ULE 1 10 aL 002 2 239 
ULES 10.0 eek oe eee oO ES EE ee 41, 121, 239 
LS ANNO AO sccscna see cose seas ce ceeete cs nsec sdesesees rosnccceestcen ss shee uses en Sons eevee cee eaae ae eeSEeTEN Ee Toman ea nea oee ESET es 39, 118 
OREM ea o 0 seen etre re OR See 39 
URE Bs Wa yo ot Ure ete eo TT PE A ECR REC EO REPRE REE OPE Pe ER 239 
UG Bs a BEY op 0 sere et cee ere rt pe ARE eT RR ED PER PD EP ee ne eee 236 
VT Fimothy: 625-12 <scseccccisciins ccaciaeg ocvein a sideaccaeldeines saaeancasldden duced eared caches casaeansccstei sncnianaiacsveninscautaacn sitters deaanacaduienvasaeesaes 120, 164 
TV Eimothy:6:9= 10s cs sscssccsiiacs caves cae cebes basa catce saceanes saa ca senscddea ca cuaasden satveaescacauaducvtuann caaeeacesateaniastaguscasssbuaia saaseacaseceandbatagenenieaviens 104 
6 0 ro a Lh er ES ee eee ee 64 
DiC OT VA ae oc cates eas eager sence snes sean esau es ca sceueen ce ene neceneends Seo RESAG a Ta teE REESE AE 225 
PWM S WIEST sees cates tices sees cgack san saves cs aden eel oeias scnachoes sistas y. cadens caeio uel lexauteds ca seisgucadindtaed seeeueceackcaneaieasas eabouscoslsenusuexseumeecaseiess 161 
De OSS 2 DME) xa sete ee tesserae cage casaievanareseieeseaiesee sete eat Len EeAOLTE EEE Tea ETE 2 
7a R10 st nee PoE RS Sr PY Pe ORV OE 144 
De TMM, Fee acs cosh ies check oecnh dine hvu eschew deedensuaate ducwbopecbanbauaducvedyechduuaveduesbstedhebscaecucedevechcevabeduevdeee duemsiyaduanUancneteebstuereazeceubes 338 
PRCA AI EV iis sce esis Buses ei iia sigs ihe aha i Sev aes ew eas cea ahs Seve ATs ha esa Ts 227 
Apostle: JOHN: ied ie ME ied see de i a 121 
Apostle Paul sii secivic hi hemi AL che tees ee cla ade De ces a ela 159 
Babylon vats sae eal ae se eee aac ce 118 
BabylonitheGreat: Marlo cose ccc), cuansdse ceceesaadnhiae ebhege Hevea deersbesdl votes bhine chewedas teemeiaa dae bes RGN hanna teeindos deere eens 272, 354 
1 TT] en eT rr TT rr TP CE 119 
Book of Judges: found ‘1 the: Bible ss.i5. ceteris ee cape eee, Avepdeaisde Hasty ee 80 
Book of Neh emiiallt..ic225:5cssciseccihs: cactiauccecicbes Lassies tecvb dd Ghacecucbact Gyachetban eeeeblbedhawsasscusucevedlanvedsduevleds Gawecvaneousarscaavbeyeaseueaeecuanbes 166 
Book Of Revelatiomiseccscicaccsicccihcs, hevitescucheeesdiselec cect eedhaceauecacvedye sheilane Sucubieeduateaces cwstveeelaniSheduevdee chaveevecueusiuednavbabadsenbieecneuass 175 
COlOSS 1a S: 2210) esses: eis ae ess a Siac eee a Shs evens eae aes eee ead Sauveseeeuev aes A ey 231 
[F211 les Joss eer r n  T Tr  r T T T 278 
[b= 61 aN Ol 97 re er I VT tr Er Tr Tr rT 238 
Met OPT 2R TS vies esses si cebesiek he, aw oles tech ea ith awsauoubebedln sulac deve Qostudewavecuaubadedbansdecdesusecslutavesecusviededlabilesduensanedievectecusuatecseeses 161 
De Facto Government Scam 33 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


DyGut: [Os D222 os ch55 ha se Sites abs sti cee ahca ses sheds baa able dann deus awe abive sus SbccesuscaGepaue cust owsabuteawadugvanadaulen acnsllousans duuvmonbduevaiaaiilussssabevbewsabavlas 360 





MOU ON es ccd sacs tetecc ev tcacese cece cscccsaeowstacecnesvesadecscececaa densacceceeeas ta tecetecadaesusaceees texs cetana since tecueets saacieeeacocstutecacestesteestuiecns Goaeks 238 
MCU O20 ioe ea seca Fae hot ca daca bade ce cs caicsa oe acecs Gatos aac Be cine oaa ses acsee dees Sa taisua ate Baceeaeaecee ea Ge ca atv aat anette deta san chi peacaeadata dak cu ccadatatnsenae anes 232 
MVS UL GUD Gas tasccrecins acids oz occa cs paces sana aceasta sss des ssucaas duis susaeeeaedenseds Gos nusads dais anna saueasicasues detinuteastateisnsasaveaeicatetiteeinutatitaeetsaniseveties 70 
MOU OO hoc ca ses Fae Sot cea decate dence cas tocsapeadncs Gat ecode de teeta cna dens acseecees sa taieu sacs becacssdacencace ca dedi dan scoue cabetets as cleneacdendats dak esccadatatunueneseneas 238 
MOU 24 DOE 2 Wecoctcs Aca tee cea sacaseducenscvscvanceucacedseevsveactucecesauisat acces de coda te tsance tales vasusecand es cuonsacecaeecadedeeesazucecaeheninee deters eos tutecavsesoaees 360 
MOU 27 Oates Fae Fe oot oe alec te nce ac tocsapecadnts Ga ecoee dc tect caa dens asee dees state sae becaicsactin ace ce let dan sence cabeteta as dieoeacseadets dak cuccadatatnneeas oes 360 
MPVS U2 OV cto cca duts cos sucess aac nana saccasta suse dus ssucaasadsneade teas eniuds Gos snusass tai saneasaueasiea dues dui sutaastatuiansasateaeicatetitoeinutatitaeetsanigeventas 71 
MOU 2 BAB a iss occ Sate Cot cca acatecncecees cosas ce cececat sea catececa os tas ucseacaes akesien ts Sud obanae due acer dott dea ongon cabstutacaedesea steeds tot ccauanstatnescsatiesaeee 68 
MOU OS Se OAc of oath m o5 ala cope cece cscctlceuscaadeite tat oveeeac te ceca aa sears ac see dees Hobe teaace tated senaceneats ce cusisan otneecatedets 4: a deeeaeiestats Goeene a satatnieone seas 232 
Deuterono nay LOA esses ssadeccdedagewsasasscace dots cskecosecateduceesa i voacscaduts dot quucesetatucenss suvegnatadata cea guceacodecepausadessaeddouess cals vececodeeusecsdduese 231 
MeCuteromOnay. 16719 oso decease se dass caadaseacd sa duts cuacvosecasedusecnadiubeasscaute saceuucesecaducesiaduteasd easels eaenos sa cusocsdensacssstudt caiieeseceaptuseerad yess 165 
MCUtELONOMAY. 27225 cisseiicsuendscsasiecssseuecanasesseziesaneeiatsuabsanevoussodesensess osaisndasoabneasseascagacenseesededeedabenabnansrodecobespibaaiessteadassaebsaacbens 165 
TEC CIE STAS CCS 1 cess ss tecdies seo oactecctats ou aattscatewes tenes tote tsecvanhesiuvebe ten cneneens uscecte svants Gucscosgepesbatiesesteos ieveueetateecsestassuanteststeoeseet ees 105, 371 
asec estes tea ue ss ca eed ca sonata coe eegatepeiea zs caved seeotansdeesserceueseages eccadenssnetatentesdabeqaien ss sceuacseesnenasiseeeedeninentaesco.belseeseeneteness 145 
Fl 2 AG eas sac Soe es tenaee 2 aba d su enaaha ves vatedat enesda oe <cavadsatonebsdecnets lanescesnseucsvaddyssaubasearedadapeaousesseSezacsassaladesnetstentyessuns cou pecdaseaebatensees 144 
Peps Se sass teste aatee sa ca ead sa conaha tac ce eegatepeiea esc avedspcotansveessorcenestanessns-Raden snetate ates dabeqaiee ss cosa dsnesnanadiceveedeninentaes ce. Redsnemmanetess sas 142 
Peps 522-0 oc sscinlenassuvessasagadsusnnasavesvutedah sonia odavavadsasonehsdecseds lagescngnseucsvaddussaubaseanedadapesousessssezacsasonahaesneis lentpnssuns cou tectasmmanstecsees 222 
FAS AU dies osiscsecsbecdespbessodvanehodessnsvaupvsaevolessbevubsvanednslessnsvuobyssev sieseaspnnys ones edessnsvaubussev ellessdevabevnnednslessvsvaubs sbev sesodepnnsvaregudessnsvanpeesenses 175 
EXOGUS: 18220 3s. sh.fesGsehvasedsgesdncvanpusoevedesedevanpvosevedecsosvsepeonev sds loasvangvesesodesSnsvnposbevsiesode babys snes edessasvanp ober edslogevanevesesudedbasveepessevens 158 
FRX OGUS: 1925552555. 233cseepvereodessnsvaepveucvodessdevnbsvasednslessnsvuobysben silesesbnnys ene) edessnsbanby deen sUlessbevabenned nslessvsnupy ben slesodepnesvoresudessnevanpeeoevens 114 
EXOGUS QO 2-17 icssdasisasesedesdnesanpesbesstesoaesaihsssesedessnssaubs sounds onan snsesusesbnssongssbwssdsseansabsssesedessbbobons sous QebogeabbgoosessGesteesbossuensegees 65 
EXOGUS 20219 22.5. csscsasicadebegessnsvaebvsnevsiessdevabsvares nse saosvaups bev se soassnnes eres uessbsvanpy due edlessbevabeoores odes losobops aus sds ssdesbussosnsededsbesbenseandebeds 80 
FXOGUS 202221 scisscsssevassdedesdessnebessevates seve seredodes tuas nes suovelessasvnupvaredodadsues supe tsevadessgevubes esas odes tussnupssusledsssaesneb seins dessursnopsuaveedses 65 
EXOGUS; 20: 3'scssccs sa deisvecaccisvscadesdvevancseuachesusvanelachsadesiun vanes dinvbcessusvapeiaes iadetdvevaees di vadessusvapelachiadeitasvabesdisvaseuseecagelaehiadeibeevasartvbiads 2 
BxOGUS 2033210 ics sci seevscctsbacadeiecavabereieshesasuevagciaiesades Gabe abevalecdocluuvanelsvacadeisevasaleisvhcsrsuevagdiaieiades Sa bvabelalavacsl eevaseianniadeibeavaeelens 159 
BXOGUS: 202 2225 :.5;sc,sc0.b lesssadsiivevaseletecdiasauicacciarsiadel ive vaset elev seiaeeeabalastiadeisvevaseleiaedeusebeagaianbiadeltvsvase laud oust elantatsi testo 96 
FEXO GUS 222 ccs acess cs ses digcssdchctesadessv ay ancvetschaniaaieacciatesades tues anevaisuhsertueeaselavtuadenu i vane einchosiau i anciatnsades tua vanes incase duebapeienacadeitenvanetons 360 
FEXOGUS 2227 ccc. cichessdescuevahclcssiadeiivvasclete cd donageeacciaiei aden tus va set eis udsesauvabelasbiader tut casel etic sesauieapciavbiadeatusvasel siacdsaraenvabdlantialelbebvabevecsiale 2 
JE). 0101 b Leeg02' 15 02-10 1 J BPE PO VOR Oe ene EP eee Cee eT 2, 71, 86 
BXOGUS3 0 13 itcksscsesceevehcleseiadeiivavaactetechccsagieagciaiei adel teva set eisuaseiauevabelastiadelavtvaselevicisesauieasdianbiadsleevasel onda belated agelen 238 
EXOGUS 342 2 1G os sci cod sie vasadessvavaacvets chacieaieaaciaesades ass ancvaiscascisueteielavtuades dun vaneveiachoeisuteanciatbnades daa vanesauevaserdeetaseiartiadasteavageions 237 
EXO GUS: 34 12 5,025 cssciseeschelciavadciscevanelelechdesagicacciaies adel ie vaselsisdserseuvabelasbiadelivevasel ela chiarsebeagdianbiadelbcsvaseleiavdderseesgelantiadalta eects 168 
Zek vali O22 is ice ek Sat ss coe sco oat haes Seach, Sia tac ose atve chase? detheahss Slates Seubve: ate her tac heuwl saiter steals vacate test Sald Ae alate soc oaths 161 
ZO kal DS OG costco hac shes cs tok se accscacee dla eee cette secs etesoes fetes ous acues ote un sete a eaca ee teas a tesateshcee Latenat ade ie en clavate ecceeestohaes 39 
Ezekiel 2821 Sa 19 csecas ci civ seule ovssncvadvoadiveacsbevusecheelvasns SilsvedebedtuwadsSusvbaavedl weave Snediosesedbvoads elcroseSielneavedbienesebenduncdeecosseseeeees 168, 169 
Fatrithy-Of Ad atiiigs2 tes se cseSoteudes a vetuasPh ea oc, Siesta ces Sede viaa aT eed sped bie og sa Peto Peay, Heston a TS 65 
Gall SIVA fos sss sce verse ie certs ci WSo0 le ans Shsvaden ative adie eelsnnacbeehvaays isvedebedaswadssuandeesee tuoase Sea nodededuoadeSeleroap sat lnwavessanodebetanncscaseuseesetoxeveteeuvdues 80 
Gaal, 32 24a D5 cies esheets ces iis Nathan ds cue ue eben eaveilesaeuudead ase de cuetble bldeeh oy euler Ul Sed tee eve tuansds vadevende suchas elu ay, shabu dele bevatcaenaele@lanaeedaensey 159 
yal 32 2B ies cu ccsde obec sesateeees eeu Seeten ccd sev desantavarleeuvouds bad vesve ueubdu Devs eyeuuerud onan evstheinds eatbueaeell avai letivaey, Manedeebueraucsabeeeh ladle bee 238 
Gee his. ORB H 2 scien eosenececen ies bethends. cue bubaneaweileueuude Sad iscdve cuenbda bodes eye euler Ul Sed ten eve duatsds pagevens suchieb lel aay, shebedelevaenan taanacletlenaectaenedd 118 
© 21 RG Joo mT TT EE A 109 
© 21 0 a Jo cae nr rT rr OT 39 
GT 1 Ad 1 0 Ye OR BP 2 PO eT TR 167 
COTES IS BO soca ccs esc set eh chs axe tscede bot bnvadls bu undeb ad Luaaveuanisni bed ectadle slew oboe tw aes un vbde rad coats ee cncaeSetivaaee BacvedehGhawadeteeesaeteQiesaecleess 344 
GENESIS AG i ccichis. eescncvsnslcadeeSstlns axe Suevedenadivacde Seeunueletlva aes tisvedebedeswadssuerdoesetiunavcSuanededed evade Selsrase sa lnwavedsunedesstarncesaseuseesenon cvetasvveete 68 
TN A sss oa aA 1s tec escsieas sols xc tcurede bot eat adle sae ube et tee aesvucuseenedaceade sdleveaeoet tus aeatus rede tab tuendeuscntac set sass decree het inode tcevaans tira ces ay 175 
GO SIN tt AAW vecccsd cccddsecc eects ccc vsabcccucadudaccdenceceescpnd osuacsoouexosdbhesudemon seuss vanes recs caeusatud atacenseadvsavacenceads casuitatescdassessesteoleeeees 222 
TONGS IR UG sch sas vcaasdascdsivos anvchasdaavasaeaaayeaaea en usaeea savenesdanstsseaatuessihancateessnuseesdansésdpasauspaphanusepasausvesietsd sdpanguessiiebestiessauaeanioneeseys 96 
MSW Se Lele TS cit 2s caatbascdauns savenathaavssaoassueanedasusseeaanveaatl sav’ ssiassuesaebasedaepesayevatheayisapssaueqardasessevssnuevanloned ssesesuesaplatedsapasnuesaraaneess 225 
MRO SND) 28 aes ceccascacecaeed cecdanaccnce select vcssasececsstasusengasceceustani2 asocacuvavatesccese cacusuved acti aroeseusstdteccdatoesdusouatcemeeapaeterstateeedimoaeences 195, 271 
LOS Cai: Oi ecetecatenccctuaauvaaetascdsis savenatdaavisseassveasedasusse es ssueaaed anya sabsasuesaebasedsapesaysvatdaavispasaueqeedancssbvasnuesationedsabassueunetenuesneasiesss 120, 158 
TS eal VED 6 este cs teccestcacdacnaccecees lect ecacncueacatascde decctesau ni ansk avacsgesvsitesucevonccusbvatestecss cavusneh eaudaveastusourlecseadeassuestatcs 80, 81, 105, 364 
MS Ab AAs ed sects 2e cast cuaebascdauna agvenatdaav’saoassueased anes sees snueagd anya saeassueaaelasudaapasayevatiaavisaossausgaedasessevssnussanlonvasavessuesavtesneauseateenasiotiées 360 
DS AAA UD Bes attccvesaccstucansd ascaanoeanusnesdavvssdeaasusaaeanucanoeaduseatlanvs saesasusoaed ascaanoeanvsnerdaitsdpassussapboncéanseadyssatioast sdosatueenstasesinessaueeasior ston 165 
TS el Al al Ass c cocectesdoscueecedacudtenccccoxsstesvesmacncucaeates cis neccceeaead gsutcdacseecasitesucamosscuesauies tease cacusanek asacesasszscutiecsbagoeacauatteecdt sees stemeataccess 119 
TS teal UB aU clas cocci dctcdatas cwtiesesdacvacctaceueagat asusenonceesoss tense atocscueseateecceaccucusunedaceauseasausenateceda saaasuseraleeseespassencatutetimoresnes 109, 348 
De Facto Government Scam 34 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Ts ena V4 18 22 Ws rah sca ibedese ced ced ind bh toc bec Dob g aaa Dg, See eswscedbi ng Tccabescebidags chews aes inabh ane daeuosapealindag, imevbascayobucapdiaolens flvessecPaeeonsduevacy 119 








TS eels A Oe Me 2es os cet tacacevacacosetecs cs scvesaeonstacecsesvosadecscececaa densacaceceesaa ta tecetecadaesesaceees tex tutaena nce tecueets saackseeacocstatacacestestetstuienne doses 119 
MSS MU AA Noa cals dos cde dts daz xccanstacecnnnaceccacteauteaeXon dacs tacesannachasaateedess tuk su eanastaausnnvasencasivaduts tetaniaasatatetannases sauieedetsditaiatanstadutensidesiaies 81 
MSS MN AAS 95 ere cacsscceecice dese cs cz sauce cs asses saasaccacte suse desssucaasduedsusaaeueaedenieds toe sn usass dais aes saueasica dues detinutaestuteiansasaveieieatetetoeinuttitieetanniseucaies 82 
TS eal DONS: aN Alem os os ecstatic vac dicsapecadncs caeecoee de te ceeacaa dens acceecees si taisucace becacssdacencace ce tetdan scnue cabedets xscaeoeacdendats dak cuccadatatusuontdesees 237 
TS Aa: 5 3222 sey csastendccassgevecaiss tudeevesauiceaalsiendne2esQevuceis tuiessesauiveded cuies36aSoiu alts tu iesvenduaesaeiendeetestoiu ahs ieieesestvav aeieede Beiteie ais tebeesssteaeets 233 
TS Mb AAD sed spec des dz vecanstecvcansacencasncecededussnusasstsaussnsadedeaatee duds tuk sn ecoastaausausaen sass ceduds dat suudssateautensasadeasizedetsavtaiaineitaduesnstanvess 277 
WS MU AATF soca ofa dos dss eda cs osu nana cancantensucs dus ssucnas dai dssaae teases dete to sm utaes tated aneasaueasdea dues dui sutaastadudansasateaeiauietedoeisutaiitabutaniaievess 278 
TS er Als AS Sie es sce Fae oot ce alana te dnce vac tocsapecadncs caeecoea de te ceca cna densacdeecees si teisucace bacacssdacensace cadet dan scace cabetets as ccleneacdendets dak cuccasatatneueatdeneas 278 
NS et) Als AN PO ato Fm 2 Ns oa dince 2 cau csgecae dite tat ov edeae detec aa dear ac Gee dees Heke cians tea senacenea ts ce cususan otnes cat dets oss deer aeiestans Gens asa tateiecneduoess 278 
TS eV Ali Ae PVD) os 5a Fae Sot cea aca te cnce vac tocsapowacncscatacoee dc te ceca cad tena cee cece sa taisusaite baacaudictsn once ce deta daa seca cabedeta ase neaedeodats dakcsecssatatnneeandeaeas 236 
WS AVA A en sets ctca dete ncocucngscec sana ceueastaacucessacsueass cuausannaaeieasa ce dedusi tonne dadetusanea daueastaatusussiinee ss atutaanasereasisedutiaitonueeisteietsiatennias 231 
TS ALAS: 3/28 scl feos ante <oe osc bacceatanscu ous tencsestessstcmesletveeessan os teu sensi vesceesdaswentcss cui octepesbunesccteoes te teeetacacceesteeevaatebaceeosbet cess 240, 242 
TS AVA D4 A os lesa cata, 50s Spacetate Soe lsceeeseacaess uae tees santacnusienet aeeseseeie ised cscs duscstecseevenisunsleoedsnevanee tecvals tes enentenes ooeieesastereeeies 224 
TS AVA 94 Oo cles cae cesta, sete pn cecate de <sloecen ewes cossspace dees santacnucetsdstavaetcnteccbecsecspanstac-saeccteveesu succes dsnesaabe dicesosceseneatoeesesleds wastatesces 344 
TS AVA DO Ve ales es cea. cscs Sea cstate Sos cts cet -sestasasieae tees santaunuctemetcacsabbente cotaconauetucssiecsusvenciaeedsasvaste dicsalstessseneses ouedeesstatateactas 106 
JACOB aici seessecscsvesexsavebencesdesedeconseanpedocwosecabewencenneposlsceneenaeecocesuscabeeuacennes esecoaswaneeceswolecabenencannenilscaneenagecouesiecabinuacesnisoiecsaisaapeionsens 175 
VAISS VDT ei ssccsbic cas sncense cet chacesnie cee obecapenoncesascosecaaseoneecouwsilecsaszoncensesesecdaewaneecoes oeeapsnoueenae cede coateonpecoussecsasponpeeneseseacaaoaapevonsesecea’ 2 
VAISS: 228 ieiaivsinesesuttesbcesdecetecenseaaeecocwosscabewescennennsleceneenaeecocessecabeeuncennes oseconswaneetetwosecabenoncennesnilscansenagecouesiecapeweneesntcusegsaccaneeiensans 159 
Jae S: AIA sai coc Sei seteanceasesosecdaeennpecbeesbecadenosicesaecedeceasoeneesovasecsarsonessoesedeadasosopesbeosiecsdeseseessecedecsasosanssoussdecsarsenyense> 2, 72, 224, 225 
VGH DS va caneicecesaszasteuacesnecoteconseuaeekotwodscabaweneenns nile canie wage voice iecabiwuaeevatn oiedeaieuaeekaiwetecabiweeaaat node lamivuneeieia eis bie daeah et aaiwedees 360 
STD Na acai ecteax sae tcan ents cc he danc vase cesceBeananeeeena sete ati e ARG aaa NAR as oA Lae 360 
JSnS ra TES 5c. sec kasecascessecetedeasssncesocwosscaberaseeanesosseaneenagecocessscaneenarennesestecsaseuapecocwouseabeponceanes osstaaeraagesocesseesbepeagensesesecsaeranpeionses® 144 
JERS TIA DAVARVT casi csnccadsceseecasssncevoenaseccoesoseeanesedee dane oneesoeseilocsaeeonseesesodleucasenapevoesauecioeeoneeanesedee dans oneesous ous coasnonpoasssedeesasrongecoceass 175 
SPOT 2 Oars sac reacts he rece ee essa detec ccticg st aceite cee ces cbsun duties secs sde seu eike cue caveat as eaev ook sales E ee et EO 167 
Fs er PR me RE PO YOR ee YY 117, 195, 225, 232, 238, 272 
VOD MB VO iso ies os secs tesa eas tetas es cees cate tat gael cee eatehaee fous ee ataes Seah et shetael teaceehts aig ueccceehv sca aiaset Sethu: heres ah sets 238 
VOD SATB NO: crc. cits aes setae cat tan aiaNbe feud cota tact ded ese ala ccs teak eves ateas Sac ieuon agua vane dea tu sesso? Scag enact teeaey ts ate c 238 
Voi LAD Veron, apiece cies ete cate tec Patast Season ciate asi zcs seta vaet epee tales ae thts ahs area ieee east sae Seay a Sates ae PAL tec 349 
Von Ae Se cthet cca ets ees tetas ees cata est ta clans Seah veg notatse het te see ala y scaaeahcsugsasuvss Scticveu odin tenedsese sucaeie sen costs sue aboreicceas ai atees 348 
VOI Dd Seco eseteetes eestecsts ress Patass Seach alga crits ota vaet ure ates att Pe area eae reahe at sae t et Seay Sates Pe ot a 168 
VOT AO ietare Sack tats As aves ae cata esk inn cians oieuhe cua netatseh dette eh ata vaca aeak cvs sheac Sccicuooaia vane dee se suusete set catty ees aioe cseasv een safets 158 
BF) a1 ets 7 ss ye Re EO Ae OO Oe PST YOO 120 
JU BES Mises ces stesocteclwcheeees chee ceteabeivcs obs becheclaevees diaths stustc avis eladsueckdeesaaalavis Sette suenclebepeskie Wes avas sierteeaseishecleclbeadal Harbeneatdeveetees 168 
DUA SES 22a ies coe bss2s cut sees evacedebb eaves ols ion) deus ieeedlevenaeibcavgs Medstl clivevaa Havesadeltcaueestebsejeshsu sie dletsnedeib wel deleel Sidewederemibeacetecs 71 
Kan 8 OF, Baby lou ss:2is secsicctessestas se, vi. toree Dis austietesteliee, Ssbet induces testbvetee vase, Vindetees Me cating ie heee Wile dieses eee te ts 119 
TCV 25S DAA ese Nass cc ts eceteSat tat de cunt uy othe detec won Soho au sassede awa tasne ease cs des tea ne See Phus ade sae reue it ee acevocsote eticnadettevetesetie Aneel s 69 
THO VICICUS WO ass disk hoes cate Seu ducavenateonstes tnpacen ce uscebadiweccsiesteuistebasartadissdevbeeSet unacaben rete sadivests we cntas ativsne Sicre tebe iunadeeeeten eo aes 161 
Loan Ass'n v. Topeka, 87 U.S. (20 Wall.) 655, 665 (1874) .....cecccesceescessceseceeeceseceneceeecaeecaeeeeeceseeeesseeesecaeenaeceaesaecaeecaeeeneeees 82 
TCHR SH eon oieekess coeescuaxce cee tisee levee de sus tesarleveaieeu soul bantvwe deciles Qoaesbed seul Gav see Gh ives eat eed aiee Set esau dievadsedarnaleeianees 109, 119, 343 
Ditka: LD Oe cecesies seesecaceeiesies attends, eisevtesaneaveilesnsviausagesedvawuetiedi bedevsey euler ul Seg tew eve duarsds vagevends vubhvebleeluaay, shebade leaned tuapucSesteeneeaapees 350 
Linke: 12:45 47 ces cesecenceiesdesSeeten exc dh sev besanevartevalvoudel ad vwcvetueubdebDevs ays eulerud oan evs thaiuds eatbuwaleel avai sedi aey, Mamedeebiebadavaspidagebbenaeedeenses 160 
TOKO 1621 Bec ccicds see secccecien ies yethexds. cue bubanenwaileuneunde saa isedve cuenude bidevsay euler Udi Sed tev ev otuatnds vageuende subhvebleely say, shetedebeneceal 155, 194, 233, 270 
IMP OA DA ics cnc rassciee Sot leoave Shs rede sediuwadebelnosesa@buenveeiieswsebstannacicnueweleset inna Son uedunadivaste es eusacsedlva ays dvsvodebed tenagssusvdeeeeesbwees aaheas 238 
IV Varied Ve Dies Na cs dost as anes rode be taunadateeucseSetiaavceucussuhetinsadebalewsdenet ns axstucustebadicssteeeeuovehet ins aeavecvouebetianadatusriaetoieetusee meas 168 
INVES 2 ORNs se acs ee NN, auc ret ements ines Sota arc eecsrduNatansactcneus oust ins axaeoaustunativasteesusectettus ses susnodebetiaradsnsentte eee setemeas 350 
T7414 ale 02742 | ro oe UO ee TO 160 
INANE BOA DAD lA 25s ots cdautc cc nececceevsaueaccasutan sgudendessceavscanascsecacusudihesucere cagesavanscaeesusaxsesetan climes aausaualeacetdh aaeutbtescdaeseacteieserseuaecs 40 
INVA oS 2a cs ta tecuc 2 ceudacnacccceessccvesmacnsceseitesise neccteesaed osuiicwacsceevsthenuseitonseusyaanestecss caeusank acacecuassvsntdecitacoastuvetiteecdiiiassnoenntsenees 350 
IVa FOE DA so ciss catueueetaeudaxnacc coves tase ncncacaeatasitensacteceuu ai gest edoaseecesibasuseitonacueausies reese saexduvetacatensessvssntlecszasoessnsetatesctasisasnetealceates 238 
INV att 2029522 Beg sce cccstcacdaceacccoecs Leseeaaocncneaeabesde ooacteeseu ni aust oeoaececoustasudttonacasyenlesteasecsexsssokacucereesiusautlacieacoussussustesctitess 73, 103, 238 
IV eat Ne Berea cate cae shee cdaciawcnesestecvncwsancusaeatasutewaceseoeest asst asoccpusaetenecerecacesuvaiacah ceecasx sone ten ctatnnsnusaualecsteds sanncutitesedavonedues Guszezanes 41 
Ia 222 SOA asa coh ccced cecdacna couches tect aadsascoeasst saudencseseceustanut avocecuswuntesccere cacusyvudactteccacausste ten ceatoeadusouatesieedssaturutetesedinonetncestaswaes 43 
IVA 23 Oi eet sate cag shaecdacaccnecestesvacnsancus spat asutzwoceeecuus i anut asocspusaeitenecerecacusuvaiacdeccoess sone ten obtinsssuvaualessteds sanncutoteeedinmaecnststeceatvos 65 
Iai 22D secccss tae cccadcsudacnacceotes lest saacncasachtes cite ueacceesead asst ceacecesvsehesucemocceusyealecteass <aexsuset uaceseesiuseutdacseasosatuvauetescdi teeasvseaaiscnies 238 
Ia SUM cae 4 ccc cast ecdenaccnexssbecvacasaseusaean seat econceesses asut asec seucavatececenecacesaniasteacocssusene tered poasausaualceseessaesneatstieetimorettiess 117, 348 
IV ALL 92 9 Os ececta sh aa ceee coh cencaunacateces tasvessocacacas aan senesceeesped gests doce aeevsitsausaimonawusawaies ceeds cagevanih nunca sass souelaesesnoastunscateceea senannestaloentes 224 
De Facto Government Scam 35 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 





Ia PND acs te cca sc tec teres vaeacesete cscs scuesaeorstncecns segeadccesecedna densacacstnes sastecatecetecsunacenee cece tutavos diacedocseuesdeaceeeaesc tatauncsvaescetesecntes 97, 360 
IM Wi 2.022228 shee os cca aca tadince ns caicsacezacncs Sak oceeace Se cicasaa tlasacsee dees Hitaisuaace Becaeaeaecenca Gi ca cet vbatantca tabulate saadhioeacaeedats dak cutcn tatteievatecaess 118 
Matte W222 36240 2 Fo 55 faa conedececs cc ceanccadnce cat ov ateae tececaaa seeacseadecs Gobetiaace tetas eenaceneats cotusasan oeaea caudate 4: sdeeeacgeatacs Gators cada tatuseoaessoens 159 
Matte Wi 23219 3 6 8 cos ova lecctedince ccc tccsagocadncs cazecose de te cecacaa densacseececs si taicucnce becaceutacencacecetetvdan scale cabedeta xscdleoeacdendats dik csecsdatatesaediocs 361 
IMfattie ws 4S I Nhdsscsisccodseesecaus tedeevesevicesaiiendneaesQusucais tuiesse sus vededcedee3Gs Saute te deovendyassaiiendeetésteiu aes teieesesavav dissin Béitois Bis eieesenaeee aes 70 
INVA CCW Fe ees s Pas doa sz cvcncstegvcansaceucanncecedsdussnusasstsaussnsaeoeactedees duh succes taausausaensass cadets dutsuusasateautensasaseasieedetsautaiainnstageeeuridevash 159 
Neb erin ral 52 Vd 3: 52.35.2505 edocs aadedsnsaseconsdenduesdvaan esos davdansaaietened ved udedeasn usnss daivdawbsaaieuenedsadudbdudsnusous dabvdensdaetened aed ededebanedeasindvisasadevenn 166 
ING GMa 829 pees 52d e: Ss5 sedacstegveausaceccasscedudeduasnusacsdsaudansaae seacteedudeavk an eaoestacudausaduu cass cedudededsnudnesteaudansagadoasieeaudeautaiainestedvisurteavens 231 
INET OG essed tate caccectcaateuds cox sauce ci asses nana sascantensuss dus ssucaas dai dsnsade castes dete Gos sm utas dais anna saueasdea dues dui sutaastadedansasateaeieuietedoeis etait tates oanedevens 118 
INUIT DSHS Sills 2tbccsatecscs dss cvecacstecucansaceccasscecussdeacsecacsteausansachceaateedees dk su ecastaacusausacuneass cadets duiguees sataautensasnseaniaeaetetutaieinestaavteaseaevens 168 
PEA AO sees se casaca ces fececes ccasancaecucececcsesantes tate cua ocseacace deca ss aencacecacaeasacecncede cece tages duncachesdesicacosconeatatusanae deaeagane tute catecossne se tnces 166, 236 
Prophet Same <0; -:1:c03sseuendscsssieesssouecanasessesiesatenatuabsanevonesodesensessosaiisndasoabneasseascagasensensededeedabenubnansrodecobespasbaiessieniassoandacvens 118 
PEOV 5122023 3 sce desevsnivatedsectovanpesoevadessvevaevarevedersosvunpysnevaissoassnbsvanedosesdpavanpesbevs¥esodevangvarededersasvanpesuevslslogebnnpvasebudelsaioabpeelevaes 236 
| 06 (FA (el Ged (Sonn I Sr Ce 105, 195, 271 
PEOV 5 VEG iis sicis.Sissee senpvasededesdnsvanpvsoevsdesedevabgvasevedecsosvnepyosevsdeloasvangvesesodesSnsvonphsbevsiesode babys sre edessasvanpovevssloasvangvesssedesdoevaepoenevabs 226 
PEOV 5 VED 5icsoesesssezsnebvanedoessnsvnpvsacvovessbevebsvasednslessnsvuobysbev siessdebnnyseney edessnsvanpyduey sulessdevabenied nslessvsvaupssbev sesodepnessarenudessansaentbaeeays 350 
POV 5 sce Fas cea sc culate ccna faa cttsdatewes tens tiotersesvaebsune bet ce cau beueneueedee cvants Gucscossebenmatiosecteosdeveueetateeceestassiebteststubstentasas 120, 235 
PROV VAZOER2 1. ichisssussvarededessnsvaepvesevodessdevobsvanednsessnsvuopysben sileseebnnysoney edessnsvanpu dey sllessdevabevnned nsled snaps sven slessdepnnsvarenudesseboaepooeeeies 238 
PEO Vs cB ede cheats fas sree ts Suloac bac ceates aaa sttsabewes teins teat seevaeheuunebetce cau heseneueedte caants Gucscoesepenbatiosecteosdaveuestateeceestasseutesesteosdeeciees 105, 371 
PROV LS 207 ss5cssoeccsevnnpvenedodedsnsvanpvsasvovessdevebsvanednslessnsvnobysben sieseebnngseneyedessnsvanbu dev elessdevabevnned nsledsvsvnope sev slssosepusevanebubeltodoansocaeeeDs 350 
POV 2 ase thoes 5st n state Secs ays deta sestaons ewe cane vantesouceniemeisbiatecunedts stabs tausceslatevenievidenedsns seule toccaesterasiateles 42, 87, 231, 235 
PEOV 322 2 capivscacdin sie vesuhvatedegedsnsvunpvsucvollessdevubp vated nslesdosvuopessen siscsasbuby sores edessnsvanpy suey ellessbevabe vanes nslesaosvaups suave sodebangbareduoelegavanseaneeeds 238 
| 00 FRR A a I ro ee ee 67, 165, 170 
PEO DS A cas ahs seca dcs ac deus sadesdvevancsouavaiesusvagclashiadeiiun vanes sisvhsessuncagelaas iad steevaees Sid vadeuaubeapelastiadeiteivaber aaa bela 159 
PPE OMe O29 caksctusi ces sisc se snciensiadsiessvanevetevsesaueuvansuaiecadestsbeanevausunsereueanciantiadeituivasaveievaasiauteaadiaiaadests beaseielseaseiseavaomioeteadeuaes 158, 350 
PROMS 29 A ohio sete chk etc Seah ec cek sed sence eee c stn e ccettco esate iaeh Seune es stare cteahecea: ahetactceaee tee tees meas Patast Gesu 60, 81, 105, 371 
PROV BO eect ches setts A atin sc esha oe cna wh sa bce cee asa ae easa es ogee SEES Sa PSE TAS ec Seta nate 43, 159, 190, 265 
PEON 27 52 sc2h es vsstach Sessssausvanciesevatecexsvanetetecd sesauueusciateratertasvasatevectsesautvaneleseiaterta tease eiocl sesae eassiaraiater ta svasstolael se akteapbiainiatavieteaseions 351 
PEON 228 55 seats tessa cass ckevavadesxsvancletschanieuseasciatenatestasvanevaisuhsertuteeseiertuadenta tvaneveiachaeiautaneiatsnates ts pvaneiaiacdceaauevuoeiaeasannitetvatelact 232 
PROVER DS Me MOE O en 3c nates chs hes aces haere en Pe aot eae A ates eas ohhh Caran sai ctate mah ss aPe vast fata 193, 236, 242, 268 
PGOVET DS 17223 secs ccidigesca avacadesvvancvets chacieaieaaciatesades ta svaaevaisvaseisueeeselartvade dai vaneveia chasis teanciatenades ta vanesaievaserseevandianiteieebeatelans 165 
PEOVETS 2 F265 Heteissciscecabcicesiadeisvvaseletechdessgicaccisiecadel ise vasetsievdseiauevabelasbiadeliuevaseleiacidarsubeagaianbaadelbcsvasel siavadavseeeagelasniadelseavaedlehs 324 
PEOVETS 2924 cichss ccidieshche vs sadesscavaneletschanidebvagciaineadesSuevaneseiseaoeisuevapeiaua cadens vabevein chen debvageiauas desta evagelsiacaselseevapdianandesbeneeeele aa 165 
PEOVEEDS 8213 eiciss3sclsevcchatabessdeliaevacelsleciacsauvagciaaneadelivevaset sinvddeiigueapel ates adel due vaseleisciseisetvapsiaansadelbasvaodl siavasalseeeageiatanadelseacaeetens 166 
PS ait: VO TSS sc. bac heads trcsoscsselvsavesecveteset tne avabatsubeedae tvs aveducnodobocivnadlstulscoxcsee ub acatustocecedtveadsSesnbantestvnsee Misra ebes inode Seersseheulueavetncueds 158 
PS Ali W926 9272s voces ccseiicsoseSetivadss secede sst ine ace sue vosssad ions Suu niene nett sade suis aneoe? twin SdosunvadeVaDi vests se snoueseuaads SacvodesaP conde veeeoansetieedceunsbeds 161 
PS ality VB Oe TART Toso sscs ccc ese ste Sth c ays eh cvedesanvaciesevunasl ed vance ¥uenedebotavaaysasevdte Ged tenaveben rede sedtwesde we oncan se ivacke Sisre debe duoacesaeesse ebtowane a enyes 145 
1 g¥2 111 0 Ul E&OE TT rE Tr 360 
1 g72 1110 0 id lse AY os) (CL mr a TT TE a TT 157 
1g 04 Wea ea TT rr Tr rT TT 233 
| gf 01a) @ dU Sn mr rE a rr EY A rE CE 81 
Palin 68 356 soci bs yesicsegciiey sis) chew tis ches beh cuew ease w0) cob dis cise ley baie bu cule ele) bye bie die yv Buy Uae eedls level) cubs bye Sueee tay eves ev ees eects 360 
PS at OO DS apts ccc ste Shas ct veto acaba crnsub et tvs vat cnste bet acnag/sedeveeeeettes aca tun reee sani wosdlo we onban sat vase ecneteNe evade eceetee Sebten acl take 231 
PPS A 9A DD ss ssc cscs cst heats cx ctcvede bot savas sue waco bad ivsacatucnsse bet icsage sdsvete cet es aca tua ride tadhcoadeercncas set viane decree het tavadeteevoaet ce teeaecen ness 221 
PREV 2G: De cscs veces ohicnactsesebte betes aes Sucuotcp al caaesdiuaes bala ses sucveteh a ucsauee i vtbebetlvasestocvotes alicanuevevaesSeOlvs ses icvethucsausu uses se Riviere 353 
TRV DT assets Noa acs ercsreunG es axe Pacvndebat ics acess eusacsettceseatacneeeneeiabadstucuaceeet ies acatennebesatausoieedectae het Weauete cess hetiueadstsiuess 120, 196, 272 
IRV DoD cost ccec st ccssties Cot cacdassnccneveacescsansaccesatan saute ndssce sev adsnczcsoeucussaihesucececscusseanacaessearausated avecsnne siustearecectsh asuetee ceuees 120, 196, 272 
PROV) 1 920 ca tecvcsss ca cecortt czcdacnaccuctessecisadacncssanstasutenssececeeed anuianacseussethesudercoaceusbubdactecsscaavvanetacatecneatuevenlesseesssatesstateeates 120, 195, 272 
IROV 3 G2 A Ol stccves si cacieazstecedaxsaccncsestasvacusascesapitasutewosceeeess asst asosspucavetececesecaexsansiacsecvocasuseudtecctarbeasnennaa seustapesstverslveetinsrccseet 196, 272 
PROVO VO ae ones cate carsd cevdacnaccnceeslastscdsaseceatitaaudennasceceuntanin aoeccusavetenccesecauxsuvelacteadosssuieteteeeteees 40, 119, 122, 196, 232, 272, 363 
IRE VE) ALON 22s hcese sa teceesteccdavncecncces icsveessancucapadaectznacceesueel onstavecsgusees dese daroeccuswunieeteeceeasysavedosedumneswuseudl eeueaes 38, 119, 121, 344, 354 
RE Ve AION ee oa cas id cacdauneanushasdacvssdeanuusaceancsanoeadvesatdsned sdoaagussadancdaepesausneedaivisdpassussaphancéebasuavahioivisosatussailasuainvesnvesubiotvacs 342 
RG VS) AOI LS Aha oSecaa hase dsnasavsnatd anv isaoaasueanedanedsb oa cnvsaatl oni saeeasuesaelasudaepasayevabbanvtsassauegeedancdsbvasnuesanlonvisdessnuesablasedsuvesaussuhionvecs 354 
RE Vel ALON 13a ssc tascdevseasushasdeceisdeaancsaaetanccanoeadussatlanetsdoaatussasdasceaaoeanusnesdastiadpasnuesaphonudaeeeadussanisnct sdosatueeastasedaebesnuspentsaveseeead 2 
RE Vel Atom VO VO os ccs vtsscdteoassueag haavissoaasysaned us udasvacnusoutl save ssesasuoonebasudasvasayssabbent dss psanyequed enudasvasnusoutl ond sabsanuoonbbadudaevesuvesatienvees 342 
Revelation chapters: U7 2atid UG vsccsdsscsccssccwscsstacedscoscavesesdoscoassssdueessdvsudsvosautseuscauneessssuueetad usagi ves auepeusdgertdasoasuuseoulueeisseiseuiertienties 342 
De Facto Government Scam 36 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 





Mmm NOS Vesa 5s sina tetas cones sete nas Sacsise ch satu eee oocaecs Season tucou ved ies cavact tasaaueue sas fuanesas ante tauadeeon nes aebiausTicaieea ate avacd uosneweeees 238 
MRM NA 2 Boab, cette sadectes sceedeceaaaceasdsccecatacaa seasatecssotecseaawatceeetetecadasiee se cx Gnca oa cased ane tata sna eave de excananaaceasacanieeteadenine ts eatesiaa sees 225 
Romans 13 .0......ececccseccccccecsesssssceccceceeseseeesececeesesseaeceeececnessaaesecececsesesaesesececeessaaeseeeeeceeneaaesesecececsessaeeeeceecsesaaaeseescecsensaaeaeeeeeens 231 
Romans 13:21 o....ececccceccccccceessssscecececeesenseaeceeececsenseaeceeececsessaaeceeececeeseaaeeeeececsesesaeseeececeeeaseseeeeeceeseseaeeeeeeecsesuaaeseeececeeseaaeaeeeeeens 231 
Romans: 1339-10 ....ccc5ccsccccssssssccssccsesconccscosssedcessecedscvseccssessecesbavescodsetencsdvanecesssecesonsteced dnssecensecseseonsesesssseddcevsees 43, 159, 190, 265 
Rom ANS 922022 2.25 cade cdagecetedecessesie vances dasecatesaceee dude carauisaee ccesduGa Sate un cats duGugarateen ees ends hadecauetateteeeccasherteiavin@eadeie noite eeieestate 222 
DS LAI cocece ccs conc daecteace coecatesacs catececaussaucsacacs cachdazgcncecetacasseaccuacecseasasadatccacecatasesenneds ceasavasnsnden sages datece sins savceaseeesacetatevesans tic ncesseseuees 117 
Tem Commandmentts ............ccccccccccecsessscececececsesseaececececseneaececececsenesaesecececeeseaasseeececeeeaaeeeseeececsessaeeeecesesesaaaeseeeeeceeseaaeaeeeeeess 342 
The New King James Version. 1996, c1982 . Thomas Nelson: Nashville .........ecccesceeceesseceeeeeceeceeeeecaeceeneecnaeceeneeenaeeesee 172 
FCW FM cette cacetscdecensaacncesasuiuceasieccea tieeeses satuesin sceec ta snece seas tes saaaudaeusa ceca tusecsedioonsioe inde Gat sene atin sade Aiea na a 361 
Hecharialt VAD We CNDY, ) sadek sasedecessceseasscedecs Sntceadesetedocancadeaensdeetass can asasnce cagusevacguosacecetuek Sas askcecatusucasaadeseasneecats san nee desatebosansee nase 168 
De Facto Government Scam 37 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


A unk wWN 


4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 


1 Introduction 


Many Americans instinctively sense that there is something SERIOUSLY wrong with the federal and state governments that 
we have here in America but can’t quite explain or put their finger on it. We share their sentiments and have spent ten long 
years discovering not only how to explain and “put our finger on it”, but in generating evidence useful in court for exposing 
and criminally prosecuting it. This document will explain EXACTLY what went wrong, who implemented it, how it was 
implemented, and point at remedies to undo the crimes, injuries, and frauds that constitute it. 


In this document, we will prove that: 


1. What most people call “government” in fact and in deed is NOT a de jure government in a classical or legal sense, but 
a de facto PRIVATE, for profit corporation PRETENDING to be a de jure “government” and which has neither earned 
not deserves our allegiance, support, or obedience. 

2. Nearly everything the de facto government does is based not on the “consent of the governed”, as the Declaration of 
Independence requires, but on ignorance and the acquiescence it produces manufactured in government/public schools. 

3. That what most people think of as “rights” are actually statutory privileges available only to public officers or statutory 
“employees” working for the municipal government of the District of Columbia, which Mark Twain calls “The District 
of Criminals”. 

4. That what people think of as “money” is, in fact not money at all, but corporate script not unlike the company tokens 
handed out to sharecroppers on the agricultural plantation described in the book “Grapes of Wrath”. The “plantation”, 
in turn, is just a mega-corporation that everyone works for and has a license to work for called a “Social Security 
Number’, and which we call a Slave Surveillance Number. 

5. All the corruption documented in this memorandum was predicted by the Founding Fathers, and that these predictions 
have been suppressed and ignored by those who benefit from it in order to expand and perpetuate it. 

6. What you think of as your “property” is NOT in fact your property at all. Instead: 

6.1. The property is in trust. The trust indenture is the United States Constitution, which is a trust that creates a 
corporation called the “United States”. 

6.2. The government, a “public trust”, owns the property and has legal title. 

6.3. The trustees are the public officers who run the government. 

6.4. You are the beneficiary with equitable rather than legal title to the property. 

6.5. The property was donated to a public use, a public purpose, and a public office by connecting it with OTHER 
government property, namely a government identifying number. 


If you are a Christian, you will also find out that the de facto government we have: 


— 


Is, in fact, The Beast described in the Book of Revelation. 

Has implemented itself as a state-sponsored religion that worships man and “the state”/ government. 

3. Satisfies all the legal requirements for a “religion” as defined by the courts and which violates the establishment clause 
of the First Amendment. In that sense, it is a counterfeit or cheap imitation of God’s design for government and the 
church, like everything else that Satan does. 


NS 


If the content of this document were widely disseminated and understood by the average American and used in court, we 
predict that there would be aREVOLUTION. This is the most important document on our website and everyone should read 
it. 


This document discusses one of many forms of corruption within the present government. For further information about 
government corruption beyond that discussed here, please see: 


1. Government Corruption: Causes and Remedies Course, Form #12.026 
FORMS PAGE: http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 
DIRECT LINK: http://sedm.org/GovCorruption/GovCorruption.pdf 
2. Government Corruption, Form #11.401 
FORMS PAGE: http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 
DIRECT LINK: http://sedm.org/GovCorruption/GovCorruption.htm 
3. Law and Government Page, Section 15- Family Guardian Website 
http://famguardian.org/Subjects/LawAndGovt/LawAndGovt.htm 


De Facto Government Scam 38 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


2 


22 
23 
24 


25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 


32 
33 


34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 


4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 


47 


2 Why the De Facto Government was created: Reason for the Treason 
The de facto government was created to perpetuate and facilitate all the following nefarious goals and sins: 


1. The love and lust for money. The fiat currency system is the ultimate way to supply infinite amounts of it. 


"For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil, for which some have strayed from the faith in their greediness, 
and pierced themselves through with many sorrows." 
[1 Tim. 6:10, Bible, NKJV] 


2. The desire to escape accountability or responsibility to the Sovereign People by their elected representatives. This is 
facilitated by turning “citizens” into government statutory “employees” and thereby flipping the proper constitutional 
relationship completely upside down. This desire to escape accountability began in the Garden of Eden with Eve, 
because the two things offered to her by the serpent both essentially amounted to limited or no liability to anyone else 
for her actions or choices. See Gen. 2-3, in which the serpent promised TWO things to Eve as a temptation to sin by 
eating the fruit, and BOTH of them involved limited liability. He promised no death for eating and that she would be 
like a God. The chief characteristic of being like God is no liability or responsibility to ANYONE. 


And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat the fruit of the trees of the garden; * but of the fruit of the tree 
which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die.’” 


Then the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die [not suffer the consequences or liability promised]. 
° For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, 
[Gen. 3:2-5, Bible, NKJV] 


3. The desire to have superior or supernatural powers above the average NATURAL human and thus, to become a pagan 
deity that is worshipped and obeyed as part of a state-sponsored civil religion. Every major corrupted ruler at one point 
or another regarded themselves as a patriarch and God. Hitler, Stalin, Caesar, Nero, etc. 


“Then all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah, and said to him, ‘Look, you are 


old, and your sons do not walk in your ways. Now make us a king to judge us like all the nations [and be OVER 
them]. 


“But the thing displeased Samuel when they said, ‘Give us a king to judge us.’ So Samuel prayed to the Lord. 
And the Lord said to Samuel, ‘Heed the voice of the people in all that they say to you; for they have rejected 
Me, that I should not reign over them. According to all the works which they have done since the day that I 
brought them up out of Egypt, even to this day—with which they have forsaken Me and served other gods—so 


they are doing to you also [government becoming idolatry].” 
[1 Sam. 8:4-8, Bible, NKJV] 


The abuse of civil franchises and usurious and UNEQUAL commerce they facilitate is how all the above is accomplished. 
InIQUITY and InEQUITY are synonymous. Recall that this sin was Satan’s original sin that got him kicked out of heaven 
as well: 


“By the abundance of your trading [corrupt and injurious commerce] 
You became filled with violence within, 

And you sinned; 

Therefore I [God] cast you [Satan] as a profane thing 

Out of the mountain of God; 

And I destroyed you, O covering cherub, 

From the midst of the fiery stones. 


“Your heart was lifted up [ABOVE all others to become SUPERIOR] because of your beauty; 
You corrupted your wisdom for the sake of your splendor; 

I cast you to the ground, 

I laid you before kings, 


That they might gaze at you.” 
[Ezekial 28:16-17, Bible, NKJV] 


The injurious commerce described above is documented by the following video on our website: 





De Facto Government Scam 39 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 


29 
30 
31 


32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 


39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 





How the World Works, John Perkins 
http://famguardian 1 .org/Mirror/SEDM/Liberty U/How_the_world_works.mp4 











3. Method of Discrediting the Very Damaging Information Found Herein: 
Government Deception and Propaganda 


Throughout this document, the information we expose is hazardous to the people working in government and who benefit 
from the criminal activities described. Hence, they have protected and will continue to protect this information by abusing 
deception and propaganda described in the following: 


1. Foundations of Freedom, Form #12.021, Video 4: Willful Government Deception and Propaganda 
FORMS PAGE: http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 
DIRECT LINK: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DvnTL_Z5asc 
2. Legal Deception, Propaganda, and Fraud, Form #05.014 -memorandum of law that goes into detail on the subjects in 
the above video. 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 














We provide the above to prevent others from discrediting the information provided here or from discouraging you from 
studying this information. 


4 The Two Types of Governments 


The requirement for consent is the foundation of all the authority of government in America. Why is this subject important? 
Because we assert that there are only two types of governments: 


1. Government by consent: In this document, we refer to this type of government as “de jure”. This type of government 
serves the people from below and only operates by their continuing consent. It doesn’t FORCE people to accept its 
services and allows them to FIRE the government and govern themselves privately if they want. 


But Jesus called them to Himself and said to them, “You know that those who are considered rulers over the 
Gentiles lord it over them, and their great ones exercise authority over them. Yet it shall not be so among you; 
but whoever desires to become great among you shall be your servant. “ And whoever of you desires to be first 
shall be slave of all. For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a 


ransom for many.” 
[Matt. 10:42-45, Bible, NKJV] 


2. Terrorist government: In this document, we refer to this type of government as “de facto”. This type of government 
tules from above by force or fraud or both and always results in idolatry toward government. This type of government 
is described as “the Beast” in Rev. 19:19. 


Then all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah, and said to him, “Look, you are 


old, and your sons do not walk in your ways. Now make us a king to judge us like all the nations [and be OVER 


them]. 


« 


But the thing displeased Samuel when they said, “Give us a king to judge us.” So Samuel prayed to the Lord. 
And the Lord said to Samuel, “Heed the voice of the people in all that they say to you; for they have rejected 
Me [God], that I should not reign over them. According to all the works which they have done since the day that 
I brought them up out of Egypt, even to this day—with which they have forsaken Me and served other gods 
[Kings, in this case|—so they are doing to you also [government becoming idolatry]. Now therefore, heed their 
voice. However, you shall solemnly forewarn them, and show them the behavior of the king who will reign 


over them.” 


So Samuel told all the words of the LORD to the people who asked him for a king. And he said, “This will be the 
behavior of the king who will reign over you: He will take [STEAL] your sons and appoint them for his own 
chariots and to be his horsemen, and some will run before his chariots. He will appoint captains over his 
thousands and captains over his fifties, will set some to plow his ground and reap his harvest, and some to 
make_his_ weapons of war_and equipment for his chariots. He will take [STEAL] your daughters to be 
perfumers, cooks, and bakers. And he will take [STEAL] the best of your fields, your vineyards, and your olive 
groves, and give them to his servants. He will take [STEAL] a tenth of your grain and your vintage, and give 


it to his officers and servants. And he will take [STEAL] your male servants, your female servants, your finest 


young men, and your donkeys, and put them to his work [as SLAVES]. He will take [STEAL] a tenth of your 


De Facto Government Scam 40 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 





6 


22 
23 


24 
25 


26 
27 
28 


30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 


36 


37 
38 
39 
40 
41 


42 
43 
44 
45 
46 


sheep. And you will be his servants. And you will cry out in that day because of your king whom you have 
chosen for yourselves, and the LORD will not hear you in that day.” 


Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they said, “No, but we will have a king over us, 
that we also may be like all the nations, and that our king may judge us and go out before us and fight our battles.” 
[1 Sam. 8:4-20, Bible, NKJV] 





Consistent with the above, Funk and Wagnalls defines “terrorism” as follows: 


SAamesewany 


TER-ROR‘IsM noun i The act of terrorizing. 


oO meni > rule ir nidation. 3 Violen 
and unlawful acts of violence committed in an organized 
attempt to overthrow a government, 


men nano anes ¢ Oma wha adante ne enmnnasts 0 naAlien af 


a SEEKS F 





[Original (pre-Orwellian) Definition of the Word "Terrorism" 
Funk and Wagnalls New Practical Standard Dictionary (1946)] 


In the American republican form of government, the requirement for consent in all human interactions is the essence and the 
foundation of all of our sovereignty as human beings. This requirement is also the foundation for our system of law, starting 
with the Declaration of Independence and going down from there: 


“That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent 
of the governed.” 


[Declaration of Independence] 


In a system of government where the Bill of Rights makes everyone into a sovereign, the only way your rights can be 
adversely affected is if you consent to lose them or contract them away in exchange for some “benefit”. Even then, the 
Declaration of Independence forbids you to contact them away to a real, de jure government and only allows you to contract 
them away to PRIVATE PARTIES. For a right to be “unalienable” as the Declaration of Independence indicates, it must be 
INCAPABLE of being sold, transferred, or bargained away through any commercial process, including through any 
government franchise. 


“Unalienable. Inalienable; incapable of being aliened, that is, sold and transferred.” 
[Black’s Law Dictionary, Fourth Edition, p. 1693] 


Therefore, anyone who tries to entice you to contract away rights protected by the Constitution is, in fact, operating NOT as 
a “government” in a classical or de jure sense, but rather: 


Is operating as a PRIVATE, FOR PROFIT, DE FACTO corporation. 

. Seeks to enslave and plunder you. 

3. Is violating the very purpose, the ONLY purpose of its creation, which is to PROTECT private rights, not as THEY 
define them, but as YOU define them in your specific case. 

4. Seeks to violate its fiduciary duty to protect your PRIVATE rights by making a business out of taxing, regulating, and 
destroying the very rights it was instituted ONLY to protect. 

5. Is turning a charitable eleemosynary ministry ordained by God to protect you into an ecosystem for special interest 

money changers who want to plunder you. This is the very reason why the only thing Jesus ever got violent about in 

the Bible was the money changers who had turned the temple into a place of business. It is worth noting that former 

President Nixon referred to Washington D.C. as “the temple”. 


Ne 


Jesus Cleanses the Temple 


Then Jesus went into the temple of God[f] and drove out all those who bought and sold in the temple, and 
overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who sold doves. 13 And He said to them, “It 
is written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer, ’but you have made it a ‘den of thieves.’” 

[Matt. 21:12-13, Bible, NKJV] 





“Now, Mr. Speaker, this Capitol is the civic temple of the people, and we are here by direction of the people to 
reduce the tariff tax and enact a law in the interest of all the people. This was the expressed will of the people at 


the polls, and you promised to carry out that will, but you have not kept faith with the American people.” 
[44 Cong.Rec. 4420, July 12, 1909; Congressman Heflin talking about the enactment of the Sixteenth 


Amendment] 


De Facto Government Scam 41 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 





CIDA Rw ND 


22 


31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 


40 
41 
42 
43 
44 


45 
46 
47 
48 


Below is how Black’s Law Dictionary defines “consent”: 


consent. "A concurrence of wills. Voluntarily yielding the will to the proposition of another; acquiescence or 
compliance therewith. Agreement; approval; permission; the act or result of coming into harmony or accord. 
Consent is an act of reason, accompanied with deliberation, the mind weighing as in a balance the good or evil 
on each side. It means voluntary agreement by a person in the possession and exercise of sufficient mental 
capacity to make an intelligent choice to do something proposed by another. It supposes a physical power to act, 
a moral power of acting, and a serious, determined, and free use of these powers. Consent is implied in every 
agreement. It is an act unclouded by fraud, duress, or sometimes even mistake. 





Willingness in fact that an act or an invasion of an interest shall take place. Restatement, Second, Torts §10A. 


As used in the law of rape "consent" means consent of the will, and submission under the influence of fear or 
terror cannot amount to real consent. There must be an exercise of intelligence based on knowledge of its 
significance and moral quality and there must be a choice between resistance and assent. And if a woman resists 
to the point where further resistance would be useless or until her resistance is overcome by force or violence, 
submission thereafter is not "consent". 


See also Acquiescence; Age of consent; Assent; Connivance; Informed consent;" voluntary 
[Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 305] 


Consent, in fact, is what creates ALL law, whether public or private: 


“Consensus facit legem. 

Consent makes the law. A contract is a law between the parties, which can acquire force only by consent.” 
[Bouvier’s Maxims of Law, 1856; 

SOURCE: http://famguardian.org/Publications/BouvierMaxims OfLaw/BouviersMaxims.htm] 


To say that a government actor or officer is operating: 


1. “without the authority of law” 
2. “under the color of law” 

3. “illegally” 

4. “unlawfully” 


.. really and simply means that they are enforcing civil laws against and therefore “governing” people who never expressly 
consented to be civilly governed. How do you consent to be governed? By voluntarily politically associating with a specific 


municipal group of people and calling yourself a “citizen”, “resident”, or “inhabitant” under their laws. NO ONE can force 
you to do that and if they do, they are: 


Clearly terrorists 

Interfering with your right to associate and your freedom to NOT associate protected by the First Amendment to the 
United States Constitution. 

3. Forcing you to contract for “protection” and becoming a “protection racket” and a criminal mafia. 

4. Illegally kidnapping your legal identity, transporting it to a “foreign” jurisdiction, and imposing unconstitutional 
involuntary servitude in violation of the Thirteenth Amendment by enforcing the laws of that foreign jurisdiction upon 
non-consenting parties. The scripture below, in saying “uprooted from the land” really means that you abuse your right 
to contract for “protection” and sign up for a franchise that transports your legal identity to what Mark Twain calls “the 
District of Criminals”, where you have to bend over for the King daily. 


Ne 


“For the upright will dwell in the land, 
And the blameless will remain in it; 
But the wicked will be cut off from the earth, 


And the unfaithful will be uprooted from it.” 
[Prov. 2:21-22, Bible, NKJV] 


Those who do not consent to be governed by a specific jurisdiction or government and who are therefore not subject to its 
civil laws describe themselves simply as “nonresidents”, “transient foreigners”, “foreigners”, “in transitu’”, “aliens”, etc. under 
the civil law. The Bible also describes such people simply as “foreigners” or “strangers”. This point is made abundantly 


clear in the following document: 





De Facto Government Scam 42 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


22 
23 


26 


27 
28 


29 
30 


31 


32 
33 





Why Domicile and Becoming a “Taxpayer” Require Your Consent, Form #05.002 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 














Only the criminal laws can impose a universal, INVOLUNTARY, NON-CONSENSUAL obligation or “duty” equally upon 
everyone, and that duty is to refrain from injuring the equal rights of our sovereign “neighbor”. This, in fact, is a fulfillment 
of the second of two great commandments found in Matt. 22:36-40, which requires us to love our neighbor, because you 
don’t hurt people you love: 


For the commandments, “You shall not commit adultery,” “You shall not murder,” “You shall not steal,” “You 
shall not bear false witness,” “You shall not covet,” and if there is any other commandment, are all summed up 
in this saying, namely, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” 


Love does no harm to a neighbor; therefore love is the fulfillment of the law. 
[Romans 13:9-10, Bible, NKJV] 





“Do not strive with [or try to regulate or control or enslave] a man without cause, if he has done you no harm.” 
[Prov. 3:30, Bible, NKJV] 


The above concepts were explained more extensively in the Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302, section 3.3, where the only 
legitimate purpose of enforceable law was described as the prevention of harm. All remaining laws other than criminal law 
are civil in nature and require individual consent in some form to be enforceable. That constructive consent occurs through 
one of the following three means: 


1. Choosing a domicile within the territory of a government that is operating outside of natural law and natural right, and 
thereby becoming subject to injurious civil laws which undermine rather than protect your rights. See: 
Why Domicile and Becoming a “Taxpayer” Require Your Consent, Form #05.002 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 
2. Engaging in a privileged or regulated franchise. Performing the activity implies constructive consent to the regulation 
of the activity. See: 
The “Trade or Business” Scam, Form #05.001 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 
3. Signing a government form or application to contractually procure some privileged “benefit”, which makes us subject to 
the laws that implement the program and causes you to surrender some of your rights in return for a perceived benefit. 
See: 
The Government “Benefits”’ Scam, Form #05.040 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 















































If you would like a MUCH more detailed treatment of the subject of consent covered in this section that is completely 
consistent with this document, please see: 





Requirement for Consent, Form #05.003 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 














5 The first “terrorist” was a GOVERNMENT! 


On April 5, 1793, decorated French military commander Charles Dumouriez caused a sensational panic in Paris when he fled 
the country and defected to Austria. 


It had been nearly four years since French peasants stormed the Bastille, the event that historians generally regard as the start 
of the French Revolution. 


And hardly a week had gone by since without some major crisis, emergency, or tragedy in France. 


There were regular violent riots across the country-- in Paris, other major cities, and even the rural countryside. Widespread 
massacres were commonplace. 





De Facto Government Scam 43 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


21 


22 
23 


24 
25 


26 


2 
28 


29 


30 


31 


32 
33 


And given that one of the key goals of France’s new revolutionary government was to eliminate Christianity from the nation, 
civil war between religious factions broke out as well. 


To cap things off, France was under constant threat of foreign invasion. 


Austria and Prussia were not only waging conventional war against France, but both nations had sent highly trained agents 
to infiltrate French borders to pursue violence and chaos from within. 


It was exhausting. French people were living in perpetual fear, and the wanton death of innocents had become an unfortunately 
normal part of life. 


So when it was found that Dumouriez (a French citizen) had defected to the enemy, people hit their breaking points. Enough 
was enough. And they cried out to the government to save them. 


The government listened. 


The very next day, on April 6, 1793, the new French government established the Committee of Public Safety (though it was 
originally known as the Danton Committee). 


The Committee was given broad, emergency powers since it was a time of such crisis. 
And under the leadership Maximilien Robespierre, the French people got their protection. 


Robespierre passed the ‘Law of Suspects’, allowing the government to essentially imprison anyone they wanted for any 
reason. 


It was impossible to tell friend from foe back then; you never knew if someone was a loyalist, or a Christian, or an Austrian 
spy, or any number of counter-revolutionaries. 


So people were required to carry special certificates indicating that they were good and dutiful citizens. Those without would 
be imprisoned, and potentially executed. 


The University of Chicago estimates that nearly 30,000 either died in prison or were executed as a result of this law. 


Then there was the Law of the Maximum, which attempted to stabilize an ongoing financial crisis by fixing the prices of 
goods and services in the country. The law also imposed the death penalty on those who did not follow the rules. 


They also passed the Law of 22 Prairial, which awarded the Committee even more power to arrest, try, and execute anyone 
deemed to be suspicious or disloyal. 


The law also prevented anyone accused of a crime from being able to call witnesses or have defense counsel. 


Plus it required that ALL citizens report potentially suspicious or disloyal neighbors to the Committee. If you see something, 
say something. 


As you are likely well aware, this period in French history became known as the Reign of Terror, or often simply “the Terror’. 
Coincidentally, this is where the first modern use of the word ‘terrorist’ is found. 
Except that it wasn’t used to describe the counter-revolutionaries. Or the rebels. Or the foreign agents. 


It turns out that “terrorist” was originally a term used to describe the government officials who created and executed these 
oppressive tactics under the guise of keeping people safe from their enemies. 





De Facto Government Scam 44 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Uk wW HN 


27 
28 


29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 


39 
40 


4l 
42 





Origins of the term “terrorism”, Crime Museum 
http://www.crimemuseum.org/crime-library/origins-of-the-term-terrorism 

















Governments have a dangerous tendency to never let a serious crisis go to waste. 


“You never let a serious crisis go to waste. And what I mean by that it's an opportunity to do things you think you 
could not do before.” 

[Rahm Emanuel; 

SOURCE: http://www. brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/r/rahmemanue409199. html] 





The U.S. Government spent trillions of taxpayer dollars to fight a War on Terror that made the world less safe and Americans 
less free, all to protect them from a threat that has a statistical likelihood of 0.0%. 


You’re far more likely to be shot by a police officer than to ever even see a terrorist. As a matter of fact, it is scientifically 
proven that you are 58 times more likely to be killed by a policeman than a terrorist: 





A U.S. Citizen is 58 Times More Likely to be Killed by a Police Officer Than a Terrorist, Blacklisted News 
http://www.blacklistednews.com/A_U.S._Citizen_is_58 Times _More Likely _to_be Killed_by_a Police _Officer_than 
a_Terrorist/46928/0/38/38/Y/M.html 




















Yes, the desire for revenge runs deep. And that’s understandable. 


The greatest thing to fear is not men in caves. It is the consequent loss of freedom and the never-ending cycle of costly, 
destructive “bankers” wars originating from the covetous megalomaniacs that run most governments. Anyone who advocates 
bigger or more government is endorsing, subsidizing acts of international terrorism. 


Title 28: Judicial Administration 
PART 0O—ORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 


§ 0.85 General functions. 





(1) Exercise Lead Agency responsibility in investigating all crimes for which it has primary or concurrent 
jurisdiction and which involve terrorist activities or acts in preparation of terrorist activities within the statutory 
jurisdiction of the United States. Within the United States, this would include the collection, coordination, 
analysis, management and dissemination of intelligence and criminal information as appropriate. If another 
Federal agency identifies an individual who is engaged in terrorist activities or in acts in preparation of terrorist 
activities, that agency is requested to promptly notify the FBI. Terrorism includes the unlawful use of force and 
violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any 
segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives. 


6 U.S.C. §101(16): Terrorism 


TITLE 6 > CHAPTER I > § 101 
§ 101. Definitions 


(16)The term “terrorism” means any activity that— 

(A)involves an act that— 

(i)is dangerous to human life or potentially destructive of critical infrastructure or key resources; and 

(ii) is a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or of any State or other subdivision of the United 
States; and 

(B) appears to be intended— 

(i) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population; 

(ii)to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion [liens, levies, propaganda that slanders 
and destroys your credit, civil status, employability, and commercial viability]; or 


(iii)to affect the conduct of a government by mass destruction [wars], assassination, or kidnapping. 


The main tools of all types of terrorism, according to the above, is kidnapping, coercion, and ransom. In the case of 
governments: 


1. The kidnapping is legal rather than physical. Legal kidnapping is done with government franchises and the ransom is 
done with income taxes. 





De Facto Government Scam 45 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Cc Oo ND nH 


2. The “coercion” is done with financial sanctions, liens, and levies for those who refuse to participate. 
3. The “ransom” is accomplished with income taxation. If you don’t pay the ransom, then your commercial identity, 
employability, and credit will be destroyed with economic sanctions called liens, levies, and judgments. 


All the above mechanisms are crimes that carry severe penalties and incarceration if instituted against non-resident non- 
persons, which is what the average American is in relation to the national government. Since the perpetrators of these crimes 
are the very people charged with a monopoly in preventing such crimes, we end up with a mafia protection racket that protects 
only itself rather than the PRIVATE people that government was created to protect and serve. This “protection” of its own 
crimes and terrorism is done mainly through what we call “selective enforcement”, in which through “professional courtesy”, 
they prosecute only the victims and not the perpetrators. These crimes are documented in the following: 





Affidavit of Duress: Illegal Tax Enforcement by De Facto Officers, Form #02.005 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 














Most governments, in fact, base their entire recruitment mechanism of “citizens” upon this criminal identity theft that effects 
the legal rather than physical kidnapping. If it weren’t for this type of criminal kidnapping, most governments would have a 
hard time finding anyone to civilly govern, keeping in mind that anything not consensual is “unjust”, according to the 
Declaration of Independence. The methods of this criminal identity theft and legal but not physical kidnapping are described 
in: 





Government Identity Theft, Form #05.046 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 














For more information on government terrorism, see: 


1. Sovereignty Forms and Instructions Online, Form #10.004, Cites By Topic: Terrorism” 
http://famguardian.org/TaxFreedom/CitesByTopic/terrorism.htm 

2. SEDM Disclaimer, Sections 8 and 9 
http://sedm.org/disclaimer.htm 

3. Criminal Justice and Terrorism Page, Section 8.1: Government Terrorism, Family Guardian Fellowship 
http://famguardian.org/Subjects/Crime/Crime.htm 

4. Terrorism Playlist, Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry (SEDM) Youtube Channel 
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLin 1 scINPTOs6hqeXFY2A3wsPPc_OjOEb 














6 History of corruption and corporatization of the government 


The following subsections deal with the general history of the corruption of the United States government. If you want more 
detail, see: 


1. Sovereignty Forms and Instructions Online, Form #10.004: History (on the left menu) 
http://famguardian.org/TaxFreedom/FormsInstr.htm 

2. Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302, Chapter 6: History of Government Income Tax Fraud, Racketeering, and Extortion in 
the USA 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

3. Highlights of American Legal and Political History CD, Form #11.202 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 














6.1 Main purpose of law is to LIMIT government power to ensure freedom and sovereignty of 
the people! 


The main purpose of law is to limit government power in order to protect and preserve, freedom, choice, and the sovereignty 
of the people. 





' Legal Deception, Propaganda, and Fraud, Form #05.014, Section 5; http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm. 








De Facto Government Scam 46 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


CIDA WN Ee 


30 


31 
32 
33 


34 


35 


36 
37 
38 


39 
40 
41 


42 
43 
44 


45 


46 
47 
48 
49 
50 


“When we consider the nature and theory of our institutions of government, the principles upon which 
they are supposed to rest, and review the history of their development, we are constrained to conclude 
that they do not mean to leave room for the play and action of purely personal and arbitrary power. 
Sovereignty itself is, of course, not subject to law, for it is the author and source of law; but in our 
system, while sovereign powers are delegated to the agencies of government, sovereignty itself 
remains with the people, by whom and for whom all government exists and acts. And the law is the 


definition and limitation of power.” 
[Downes v. Bidwell, 182 U.S. 244 (1901) ] 


An important implication of the use of law to limit government power is the following inferences unavoidably arising from 


It: 


PN 


The purpose of law is to define and thereby limit government power. 

All law acts as a delegation of authority order upon those serving in the government. 

You cannot limit government power without definitions that are limiting. 

A definition that does not limit the thing or class of thing defined is no definition at all from a legal perspective and 

causes anything that depends on that definition to be political rather than legal in nature. By political, we mean a 

function exercised ONLY by the LEGISLATIVE or EXECUTIVE branch. 

Where the definitions in the law are clear, judges have no discretion to expand the meaning of words. Therefore the 

main method of expanding government power and creating what the supreme court calls “arbitrary power” is to use 

terms in the law that are vague, undefined, “general expressions”, or which don’t define the context implied. 

We define “general expressions” as those which: 

6.1. The speaker is either not accountable or REFUSES to be accountable for the accuracy or truthfulness or definition 
of the word or expression. 

6.2. Fail to recognize that there are multiple contexts in which the word could be used. 

6.2.1. CONSTITUTIONAL (States of the Union). 
6.2.2. STATUTORY (federal territory). 

6.3. Are susceptible to two or more CONTEXTS or interpretations, one of which the government representative 
interpreting the context stands to benefit from handsomely. Thus, “equivocation” is undertaken, in which they 
TELL you they mean the CONSTITUTIONAL interpretation but after receiving your form or pleading, interpret 
it to mean the STATUTORY context. 


equivocation 


EQUIVOCA'TION, n. Ambiguity of speech; the use of words or expressions that are susceptible of a double 
signification. Hypocrites are often guilty of equivocation, and by this means lose the confidence of their fellow 
men. Equivocation is incompatible with the Christian character and profession. 





[SOURCE: http://1828.mshaffer.com/d/search/word,equivocation] 





Equivocation ("to call by the same name") is an informal logical fallacy. It is the misleading use of a term with 
more than one meaning or sense (by glossing over which meaning is intended at a particular time). It generally 
occurs with polysemic words (words with multiple meanings). 


Albeit in common parlance it is used in a variety of contexts, when discussed as a fallacy, equivocation only 
occurs when the arguer makes a word or phrase employed in two (or more) different senses in an argument 
appear to have the same meaning throughout. 


It is therefore distinct from (semantic) ambiguity, which means that the context doesn't make the meaning of the 
word or phrase clear, and amphiboly (or syntactical ambiguity), which refers to ambiguous sentence structure 
due to punctuation or syntax. 


[Wikipedia topic: Equivocation, Downloaded 9/15/2015; SOURCE: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equivocation] 


6.4. PRESUME that all contexts are equivalent, meaning that CONSTITUTIONAL and STATUTORY are equivalent. 

6.5. Fail to identify the specific context implied. 

6.6. Fail to provide an actionable definition for the term that is useful as evidence in court. 

6.7. Government representatives actively interfere with or even penalize efforts by the applicant to define the context 
of the terms so that they can protect their right to make injurious presumptions about their meaning. 





De Facto Government Scam 47 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


20 


21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 


27 


28 
29 
30 


31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
4l 
42 


43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 
53 
54 


10. 


6.2 


Any attempt to assert any authority by anyone in government to add anything they want to the definition of a thing in 
the law unavoidably creates a government of UNLIMITED power. 
Anyone who can add anything to the definition of a word in the law that does not expressly appear SOMEWHERE in 

the law is exercising a LEGISLATIVE and POLITICAL function of the LEGISLATIVE branch and is NOT acting as a 
judge or a jurist. 
The only people in government who can act ina LEGISLATIVE capacity are the LEGISLATIVE branch under our 
system of three branches of government: LEGISLATIVE, EXECUTIVE, and JUDICIAL. 
Any attempt to combine or consolidate any of the powers of each of the three branches into the other branch results in 


tyranny. 


“When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person, or in the same body of magistrates, 
there can be no liberty; because apprehensions may arise, lest the same monarch or senate should enact 
tyrannical laws, to execute them in a tyrannical manner. 


Again, there is no liberty, if the judiciary power be not separated from the legislative and executive. Were it 
Joined with the legislative, the life and liberty of the subject would be exposed to arbitrary control; for the judge 
would be then the legislator. Were it joined to the executive power, the judge might behave with violence and 
oppression [sound familiar ?]. 


There would be an end of everything, were the same man or the same body, whether of the nobles or of the 
people, to exercise those three powers, that of enacting laws, that of executing the public resolutions, and of 
trying the causes of individuals.” 


In what a situation must the poor subject be in those republics! The same body of magistrates are possessed, 
as_executors of the laws, of the whole power they have given themselves in quality of legislators. They ma 
plunder the state by their general determinations; and as they have likewise the judiciary power in their hands, 


every private citizen may be ruined by their particular decisions.” 
[The Spirit of Laws, Charles de Montesquieu, Book XI, Section 6; 


SOURCE: http://famguardian.org\Publications\SpiritOfLaws\sol_11.htm] 





How our system of government became corrupted: Downes v. Bidwell? 


The dissenting opinion of Justice Harlan in the monumentally important U.S. Supreme Court case of Downes v. Bidwell 
described how the word game mechanisms at the end of the previous section would be abused to corrupt our system of 
government with a stern warning to future generations: 


In view of the adjudications of this court, I cannot assent to the proposition, whether it be announced in express 
words or by implication, that the National Government is a government of or by the States in union, and that the 
prohibitions and limitations of the Constitution are addressed only to the States. That is but another form of 
saying that like the government created by the Articles of Confederation, the present government is a mere league 
of States, held together by compact between themselves; whereas, as this court has often declared, it is a 
government created by the People of the United States, with enumerated powers, and supreme over States and 
individuals, with respect to certain objects, throughout the entire territory over which its jurisdiction extends. If 
the National Government is, in any sense, a compact, it is a compact between the People of the United States 
among themselves as constituting in the aggregate the political community by whom the National Government 
was established. The Constitution speaks not simply to the States in their organized capacities, but to all 
peoples, whether of States or territories, who are subject to the authority of the United States. Martin vy. Hunter, 


1 Wheat. 304, 327. 


In the opinion to which I am referring it is also said that the "practical interpretation put by Congress upon 
the Constitution has been long continued and uniform to the effect that the Constitution is applicable to 


territories acquired by purchase or conquest only when and so far as Congress shall so direct;"' that while all 


power of government may be abused, the same may be said of the power of the Government "under the 
Constitution as well as outside of it;"" that "if it once be conceded that we are at liberty to acquire foreign 
territory, a presumption arises that our power with respect to such territories is the same power which 


other nations have been accustomed to exercise with respect to territories acquired by them;" that_"the 
liberality of Congress in legislating the Constitution into all our contiguous territories has _undoubtedl 





‘ostered the impression that it went there by its own force, but there is nothing in the Constitution itself, and 





little in the interpretation put upon it, to confirm that impression;"' that as the States could only delegate to 
Congress such powers as they themselves possessed, and as they had no power to acquire new territory, and 
therefore none to delegate in that connection, the logical inference is that "if Congress had power to acquire 





? Source: Legal Deception, Propaganda, and Fraud, Form #05.014, Section 6; http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm. 








De Facto Government Scam 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 


Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 





48 of 390 


EXHIBIT: 


Auk wWNe 


47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 
53 


55 
56 
57 
58 
59 
60 
61 
62 
63 


64 
65 


new territory, which is conceded, that power was not hampered by the constitutional provisions;" that if "we 


assume that the territorial clause of the Constitution was not intended to be restricted to such territory as the 
United States then possessed, there is nothing in the Constitution to indicate that the power of Congress in 


dealing with them was intended to be restricted by any of the other provisions;"' and that "the executive and 
legislative departments of the Government have for more than a century interpreted this silence as precludin, 


the idea that the Constitution attached to these territories as soon as acquired." 


These are words of weighty import. They involve consequences of the most momentous character. I take leave 
to say that if the principles thus announced should ever receive the sanction of a majority of this court, a 
radical and mischievous change in our system of government will be the result. We will, in that event, pass 
from the era of constitutional liberty guarded and protected by a written constitution into an era of legislative 


absolutism. 


Although from the foundation of the Government this court has held steadily to the view that the Government of 
the United States was one of enumerated powers, and that no one of its branches, nor all of its branches combined, 
could constitutionally exercise powers not granted, or which were not necessarily implied from those expressly 
granted, Martin v. Hunter, / Wheat. 304, 326, 331, we are now informed that Congress possesses powers outside 
of the Constitution, and may deal with new territory, acquired by treaty or conquest, in the same 
manner as other nations have been accustomed to act with respect to territories acquired by them. In my 
opinion, Congress has no existence and can exercise no authority outside of the Constitution. Still less is it 


true that Congress can deal with new territories just as other nations have done or may do with their new 
territories. This nation is under the control of a written constitution, the supreme law of the land and the onl 

source of the powers which our Government, or any branch or officer of it, may exert at any time or at any 
place. Monarchical and despotic_governments, unrestrained by written constitutions, may do with newly 
acquired territories what this Government may not do consistently with our fundamental law. To say otherwise 
is to concede that Congress may, by action taken outside of the Constitution, engraft upon our republican 
institutions a colonial system such as exists under monarchical governments. Surely such a result was never 
contemplated by the fathers of the Constitution. If that instrument had contained a word suggesting the 
possibility of a result of that character it would never have been adopted by the People of the United States. 
The idea that this country may acquire territories anywhere upon the earth, by conquest or treaty, and hold 


them as mere colonies or provinces — the people inhabiting them to enjoy only such rights as Congress chooses 
to accord to them — is wholly inconsistent with the spirit and genius as well as with the words of the 


Constitution. 


The idea prevails with some — indeed, it found expression in arguments at the bar — that we have in this 
country substantially or practically two national governments; one, to be maintained under the Constitution, 
with all its restrictions; the other to be maintained by Congress outside and independently of that instrument, 
by exercising such powers as other nations of the earth are accustomed to exercise. It is one thing to give such 


a latitudinarian construction to the Constitution as will bring the exercise of power by Congress, upon a 
particular occasion or upon a particular subject, within its provisions. It is quite a different thing to say that 
Congress may, if it so elects, proceed outside of the Constitution. The glory of our American system of 
government is that it was created by a written constitution which protects the people against the exercise of 
arbitrary, unlimited power, and the limits of which instrument may not be passed by the government it created, 
or by any branch of it, or even by the people who ordained it, except by amendment or change of its provisions. 
"To what purpose,"' Chief Justice Marshall said in Marbury vy. Madison, 1 Cranch, 137, 176,"are powers 
limited, and to what purpose is that limitation committed to writing, if these limits may, at any time, be passed 
by those intended to be restrained? The distinction between a government with limited and unlimited powers 
is abolished if those limits do not confine the persons on whom they are imposed, and if acts prohibited and 
acts allowed are of equal obligation." 





The wise men who framed the Constitution, and the patriotic people who adopted it, were unwilling to depend for 
their safety upon what, in the opinion referred to, is described as "certain principles of natural justice inherent 
in Anglo-Saxon character which need no expression in constitutions or statutes to give them effect or to secure 
dependencies against legislation manifestly hostile to their real interests." They proceeded upon the theory — the 
wisdom of which experience has vindicated — that the only safe guaranty against governmental oppression was 
to withhold or restrict the power to oppress. They well remembered that Anglo-Saxons across the ocean had 
attempted, in defiance of law and justice, to trample upon the rights of Anglo-Saxons on this continent and had 
sought, by military force, to establish a government that could at will destroy the privileges that inhere in liberty. 


They believed that the establishment here of a government that could administer public affairs according to its 
will unrestrained by any fundamental law and without regard to the inherent rights of freemen, would be 
ruinous to the liberties of the people by exposing them to the oppressions of arbitrary power. Hence, the 
Constitution enumerates the powers which Congress and the other Departments may exercise — leaving 
unimpaired, to the States or the People, the powers not delegated to the National Government nor prohibited 


to the States. That instrument so expressly declares in the Tenth Article of Amendment. It will be an 
evil day for American liberty if the theory of a government outside of the supreme law of the land finds 


lodgment in our constitutional jurisprudence. No higher duty rests upon this court than to exert its full 


authority to prevent all violation of the principles of the Constitution. 


Again, it is said that Congress has assumed, in its past history, that the Constitution goes into territories 
acquired by purchase or conquest only when and as it shall so direct, and we are informed of the liberality of 





De Facto Government Scam 49 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


YAU WHE 


28 
29 
30 
31 


WwW WwW WwW WwW WwW 
CSCeHeI AAR YD 


4l 


42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 
53 
54 
55 
56 
57 
58 
59 
60 
61 
62 
63 
64 
65 
66 
67 
68 


Congress in legislating the Constitution into all our contiguous territories. This is a view of the Constitution 





that may well cause surprise, if not alarm. Congress, as I have observed, has no existence except by virtue o, 

the Constitution. It is the creature of the Constitution. It has no powers which that instrument has not granted, 
expressly or by necessary implication. I confess that I cannot grasp the thought that Congress which lives and 
moves and has its being in the Constitution and is consequently the mere creature of that instrument, can, at 
its pleasure, legislate or exclude its creator from territories which were acquired only by authority of the 
Constitution. 


By the express words of the Constitution, every Senator and Representative is bound, by oath or affirmation, to 
regard it as the supreme law of the land. When the Constitutional Convention was in session there was much 
discussion as to the phraseology of the clause defining the supremacy of the Constitution, laws and treaties of the 
United States. At one stage of the proceedings the Convention adopted the following clause: "This Constitution, 
and the laws of the United States made in pursuance thereof, and all the treaties made under the authority of the 
United States, shall be the supreme law of the several States and of their citizens and inhabitants, and the judges 
of the several States shall be bound thereby in their decisions, anything in the constitutions or laws of the several 
States to the contrary notwithstanding." This clause was amended, on motion of Mr. Madison, by inserting after 
the words "all treaties made" the words "or which shall be made." If the clause, so amended, had been inserted 
in the Constitution as finally adopted, perhaps there would have been some justification for saying that 
the Constitution, laws and treaties of the United States constituted the supreme law only in the States, and that 


outside of the States the will of Congress was supreme. But the framers of the Constitution saw the danger of 
such a provision, and put into that instrument in place of the above clause the following: "This Constitution, 
and the laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties made, or which 
shall be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges 
in_every State shall be bound thereby, anything in the constitution or laws of any State to the contrary 
notwithstanding."' Meigs's Growth of the Constitution, 284, 287. That the Convention struck out the words 
"the supreme law of the several States" and inserted ''the supreme law of the land," is a fact of no little 
significance. The "land" referred to manifestly embraced all the peoples and all the territory, whether within 
or without the States, over which the United States could exercise jurisdiction or authority. 


Further, it is admitted that some of the provisions of the Constitution do apply to Porto Rico and may be invoked 
as limiting or restricting the authority of Congress, or for the protection of the people of that island. And it is said 
that there is a clear distinction between such prohibitions "as go to the very root of the power of Congress to act 
at all, irrespective of time or place, and such as are operative only ‘throughout the United States' or among the 
several States." In the enforcement of this suggestion it is said in one of the opinions just delivered: "Thus, when 
the Constitution declares that ‘no bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed,' and that ‘no title of 
nobility shall be granted by the United States,' it goes to the competency of Congress to pass a bill of that 
description." I cannot accept this reasoning as consistent with the Constitution or with sound rules of 
interpretation. The express prohibition upon the passage by Congress of bills of attainder, or of ex post facto 
laws, or the granting of titles of nobility, goes no more directly to the root of the power of Congress than does the 
express prohibition against the imposition by Congress of any duty, impost or excise that is not uniform 
throughout the United States. The opposite theory, I take leave to say, is quite as extraordinary as that which 
assumes that Congress may exercise powers outside of the Constitution, and may, in its discretion, legislate 
that instrument into or out of a domestic territory of the United States. 


In the opinion to which I have referred it is suggested that conditions may arise when the annexation of distant 
possessions may be desirable. "Tf," says that opinion, "those possessions are inhabited by alien races, differing 
from us in religion, customs, laws, methods of taxation and modes of thought, the administration of government 
and justice, according to Anglo-Saxon principles, may for a time be impossible; and the question at once arises 
whether large concessions ought not to be made for a time, that ultimately our own theories may be carried out, 
and the blessings of a free government under the Constitution extended to them. We decline to hold that there is 
anything in the Constitution to forbid such action." In my judgment, the Constitution does not sustain any such 
theory of our governmental system. Whether a particular race will or will not assimilate with our people, and 
whether they can or cannot with safety to our institutions be brought within the operation of the Constitution, is 
a matter to be thought of when it is proposed to acquire their territory by treaty. A mistake in the acquisition of 
territory, although such acquisition seemed at the time to be necessary, cannot be made the ground for violating 
the Constitution or refusing to give full effect to its provisions. The Constitution is not to be obeyed or disobeyed 
as the circumstances of a particular crisis in our history may suggest the one or the other course to be pursued. 
The People have decreed that it shall be the supreme law of the land at all times. When the acquisition of 


territory becomes complete, by cession, the Constitution necessarily becomes the supreme law of such new 
territory, and_no_ power exists in any Department of the Government to_make_"concessions" that_are 
inconsistent with its provisions. The authority to make such concessions implies the existence in Congress o 


power to declare that constitutional provisions may be ignored under special or embarrassing 
circumstances. No such dispensing power exists in any branch of our Government. The Constitution is 
supreme over every foot of territory, wherever situated, under the jurisdiction of the United States, and its full 
operation cannot be stayed by any branch of the Government in order to meet what some may suppose to be 
extraordinary emergencies. If the Constitution is in force in any territory, it is in force there for every purpose 
embraced by the objects for which the Government was ordained. Its authority cannot be displaced by 
concessions, even if it be true, as asserted in argument in some of these cases, that if the tariff act took effect in 
the Philippines of its own force, the inhabitants of Mandanao, who live on imported rice, would starve, because 
the import duty is many fold more than the ordinary cost of the grain to them. The meaning of the Constitution 


cannot depend upon accidental circumstances arising out of the products of other countries or of this country. 








De Facto Government Scam 50 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Auk wWNe 


27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
4l 


42 
43 
44 
45 


46 
47 
48 


49 


50 


51 


52 


53 


54 


55 


56 


We cannot violate the Constitution in order to serve particular interests in our own or in foreign lands. Even 
this court, with its tremendous power, must heed the mandate of the Constitution. No one in official station, to 


whatever department of the Government he belongs, can disobey its commands without violating the obligation 
of the oath he has taken. By whomsoever and wherever power is exercised in the name and under the authority 
of the United States, or of any branch of its Government, the validity or invalidity of that which is done must be 
determined by the Constitution. 


In DeLima v. Bidwell, just decided, we have held that upon the ratification of the treaty with Spain, Porto Rico 
ceased to be a foreign country and became a domestic territory of the United States. We have said in that case 
that from 1803 to the present time there was not a shred of authority, except a dictum in one case, "for holding 
that a district ceded to and in possession of the United States remains for any purpose a foreign territory;" that 
territory so acquired cannot be "domestic for one purpose and foreign for another;" and that any judgment to the 
contrary would be "pure judicial legislation," for which there was no warrant in the Constitution or in the powers 
conferred upon this court. Although, as we have just decided, Porto Rico ceased, after the ratification 
of the treaty with Spain, to be a foreign country within the meaning of the tariff act, and became a domestic 
country — "a territory of the United States" — it is said that if Congress so wills it may be controlled and governed 
outside of the Constitution and by the exertion of the powers which other nations have been accustomed to 
exercise with respect to territories acquired by them; in other words, we may solve the question of the power of 
Congress under the Constitution, by referring to the powers that may be exercised by other nations. I cannot 


assent to this view. I reject altogether the theory that Congress, in its discretion, can exclude the Constitution 
from a domestic territory of the United States, acquired, and which could only have been acquired, in virtue of 


the Constitution. I cannot agree that it is a domestic territory of the United States for the purpose of preventing 
the application of the tariff act imposing duties upon imports from foreign countries, but not a part of the United 
States for the purpose of enforcing the constitutional requirement that all duties, imposts and excises imposed by 


Congress "shall be uniform throughout the United States." How Porto Rico can be a domestic territory of the 
United States, as distinctly held in DeLima y. Bidwell, and yet, as is now held, not embraced by the words 


' 


‘throughout the United States," is more than I can understand. 


We heard much in argument about the "expanding future of our country." It was said that the United States is to 
become what is called a "world power;" and that if this Government intends to keep abreast of the times and be 
equal to the great destiny that awaits the American people, it must be allowed to exert all the power that other 
nations are accustomed to exercise. My answer is, that the fathers never intended that the authority and 
influence of this nation should be exerted otherwise than in accordance with the Constitution. If our 
Government needs more power than is conferred upon it by the Constitution, that instrument provides the 
mode in which it may be amended and additional power thereby obtained. The People of the United States who 


ordained the Constitution never supposed that a change could be made in our system of government 
by mere judicial interpretation. They never contemplated any such juggling with the words of the Constitution 


as would authorize the courts to hold that the words "throughout the United States," in the taxing clause of 


the Constitution, do not embrace a domestic _"'territory of the United States" having a civil government 


established by the authority of the United States. This is a distinction which I am unable to make, and which I 
do not think ought to be made when we are endeavoring to ascertain the meaning of a great instrument of 


government, 
[Downes v. Bidwell, 182 U.S. 244 (1901), Justice Harlan, Dissenting] 


Could it possibly be doubted that if Congress has been handed by the U.S. Supreme Court ANY CIRCUMSTANCE in which 
it can exercise its discretion in a way that COMPLETELY disregards the entire constitution, that they would not succumb to 
the temptation to enact it, expand it, and make it apply through trickery to everyone, as they have done with the income tax 
and federal franchises in general? NOT! 


"In every government on earth is some trace of human weakness, some germ of corruption and degeneracy, which 
cunning will discover, and wickedness insensibly open, cultivate and improve." 
[Thomas Jefferson: Notes on Virginia Q.XIV, 1782. ME 2:207] 


THIS in fact, is what Justice Harlan was talking about in the following excerpt in the above: 


“These are words of weighty import. They involve consequences of the most momentous character. I take 
leave to say that if the principles thus announced should ever receive the 


sanction of a majority of this court, a radical and mischievous change in 


our system of government will be the result. We will, in that event, pass 


from the era of constitutional liberty guarded and protected by a written 
constitution into an era of legislative absolutism.” 





De Facto Government Scam 51 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


CIDA WN HE 


30 
31 
32: 


33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 


4l 


42 
43 
44 
45 


46 


47 
48 


“This nation is under the control of a written constitution, the supreme law of the land and the only source of 


the powers which our Government, or any branch or officer of it, may exert at any time or at any place. 
Monarchical and despotic governments, unrestrained by written constitutions, may do with newly acquired 
territories what this Government may not do consistently with our fundamental law. To say otherwise is to 
concede that Congress may, by action taken outside of the Constitution, engraft upon our republican 


institutions a colonial system such as exists under monarchical governments. Surely such a result was never 


contemplated by the fathers of the Constitution. If that instrument had contained a word suggesting the 


possibility of a result of that character it would never have been adopted by the People of the United States. 
The idea that this country may acquire territories anywhere upon the 
earth, by conquest or treaty, and hold them as mere colonies or provinces 
— the people inhabiting them to enjoy only such rights as Congress 
chooses to accord to them — is wholly inconsistent with the spirit and 
genius as well as with the words of the Constitution.” 


“The idea prevails with some — indeed, it found expression in arguments at the bar — that we have in this 
country substantially or practically two national governments; one, to be maintained under the Constitution, 
with all its restrictions; the other to be maintained by Congress outside and independently of that instrument, 
by exercising such powers as other nations of the earth are accustomed to exercise.” It is one thing to give such 


a latitudinarian construction to the Constitution as will bring the exercise of power by Congress, upon a 
particular occasion or upon a particular subject, within its provisions. It is quite a different thing to say that 
Congress may, if it so elects, proceed outside of the Constitution. The glory of our American system of 
government is that it was created by a written constitution which protects the people against the exercise of 
arbitrary, unlimited power, and the limits of which instrument may not be passed by the government it created, 
or by any branch of it, or even by the people who ordained it, except by amendment or change of its provisions. 
"To what purpose,"' Chief Justice Marshall said in Marbury vy. Madison, 1 Cranch, 137, 176,"are powers 
limited, and to what purpose is that limitation committed to writing, if these limits may, at any time, be passed 
by those intended to be restrained? The distinction between a government with limited and unlimited powers 
is abolished if those limits do not confine the persons on whom they are imposed, and if acts prohibited and 


acts allowed are of equal obligation." 
[Downes v. Bidwell, 182 U.S. 244 (1901), Justice Harlan, Dissenting] 





Justice Harlan is saying that we now have a Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde government. They did in fact do what he predicted: 
Graft a monarchical colonial system for federal territory onto an egalitarian free republican system. Starting with the Downes 
case, the U.S. Supreme Court declared and recognized essentially that: 


1. NO PART of the Constitution limits what the national government can do in a territory, including the prohibition 
against Titles of Nobility and even ex post facto laws. 
2. As long as Congress is legislating for territories, it can do whatever it wants, including an income tax, just like every 
other nation of the earth. In fact, this is the source of all the authority for enacting the income tax to begin with. 
3. If Congress wants to invade the states commercially and tax them, all it has to do is: 
3.1. Write such legislation ONLY for the territories and implement it as a franchise. Since all franchises are based on 
contract, then they can be enforced extraterritorially, including in a state. This is the basis for the Social Security 
Act of 1935, in fact. 


Debt and contract [franchise agreement, in this case] are of no particular place. 


Locus contractus regit actum. 

The place of the contract [franchise agreement, in this case] governs the act. 

[Bouvier’s Maxims of Law, 1856; 

SOURCE: http://famguardian.org/Publications/BouvierMaximsOfLaw/BouviersMaxims.htm] 








“Tt is generally conceded that a franchise is the subject of a contract between the grantor and the grantee, and 
that it does in fact constitute a contract when the requisite element of a consideration is present. Conversely, a 





3 Larson v. South Dakota, 278 U.S. 429, 73 L.Ed. 441, 49 S.Ct. 196; Grand Trunk Western R. Co. v. South Bend, 227 U.S. 544, 57 L.Ed. 633, 33 S.Ct. 303; 
Blair v. Chicago, 201 U.S. 400, 50 L.Ed. 801, 26 S.Ct. 427; Arkansas-Missouri Power Co. v. Brown, 176 Ark. 774, 4 S.W.2d. 15, 58 A.L.R. 534; Chicago 
General R. Co. v. Chicago, 176 Ill. 253, 52 N.E. 880; Louisville v. Louisville Home Tel. Co., 149 Ky. 234, 148 S.W. 13; State ex rel. Kansas City v. East 
Fifth Street R. Co. 140 Mo. 539, 41 S.W. 955; Baker v. Montana Petroleum Co., 99 Mont. 465, 44 P.2d. 735; Re Board of Fire Comrs. 27 N.J. 192, 142 
A.2d. 85; Chrysler Light & P. Co. v. Belfield, 58 N.D. 33, 224 N.W. 871, 63 A.L.R. 1337; Franklin County v. Public Utilities Com., 107 Ohio.St. 442, 140 
N.E. 87, 30 A.L.R. 429; State ex rel. Daniel v. Broad River Power Co. 157 S.C. 1, 153 S.E. 537; Rutland Electric Light Co. v. Marble City Electric Light 


Co., 65 Vt. 377, 26 A. 635; Virginia-Western Power Co. v. Commonwealth, 125 Va. 469, 99 S.E. 723, 9 A.L.R. 1148, cert den 251 U.S. 557, 64 L.Ed. 413, 


De Facto Government Scam 52 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


franchise granted without consideration is not a contract binding upon the state, franchisee, or pseudo- 
franchisee.* “ 
[36 American Jurisprudence 2d, Franchises, §6: As a Contract (1999)] 


For further details on the Social Security FRAUD, see: 

Resignation of Compelled Social Security Trustee, Form #06.002 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

3.2. Entice people in states of the Union with a bribe to sign up for the territorial franchise, and make it IMPOSSIBLE 
to quit the system. This uses capitalism to implement socialism. 

3.3. Through legal deception and fraud, make the franchise legislation LOOK like: 

3.3.1. It applies to CONSTITUTIONAL states rather than only STATUTORY “States” and territories. 

3.3.2. It ISN’T a franchise or excise. 

These things are done through “equivocation”, in which TERRITORIAL STATUTORY “States” under 4 U.S.C. 
§110(d) and CONSTITUTIONAL States of the Union are made ot appear and act the same. This was also done in 
the Sixteenth Amendment, which granted no new powers to Congress, as held by the U.S. Supreme Court in 
Stanton v. Baltic Mining Co., 240 U.S. 103 (1916). See: 

Why You Aren't Eligible for Social Security, Form #06.001 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

3.4. Establish an EXTRACONSTITUTIONAL revenue collection apparatus that is NOT part of the constitutional 
government. Namely the I.R.S. is not now and never has been part of the U.S. Government. Instead, it is a straw 
man for the Federal Reserve. The Federal Reserve, in fact, is not more governmental than Federal Express. See: 

Origins and Authority of the Internal Revenue Service, Form #05.005 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

3.5. Use propaganda and abusive regulation of the banking system and employers to turn banks and private companies 
in states of the Union into federal employment recruiters, in which you can’t open an account or pursue 
“employment” without becoming a privileged and enfranchised public officer representing an 
PUBLIC/GOVERNMENT office domiciled on federal territory and subject to the territorial law. See: 

Federal and State Tax Withholding Options for Private Employers, Form #09.001 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

3.6. Bribe CONSTITUTIONAL states with “commercial incentives” or subsidies if they in essence agree by compact 
or agreement to act as federal territories and allow the income tax to be enforced within their borders. This is 
done through DEBT and the Federal Reserve as well as the Agreements on Coordination of Tax Administration 
(ACTA) between the national government and the states. Now obviously, they can only do that within 
ENCLAVES within their external borders using the Public Salary Tax Act of 1939, but they will PRETEND for 
the sake of filthy lucre that it applies EVERYWHERE in the state by: 

3.6.1. Not defining the term “State” within their revenue codes. 
3.6.2. Calling those who insist on these limits “frivolous” in court. 

3.7. Engage in an ongoing propaganda campaign to discredit and persecute all those who expose and try to remedy the 
above. This is done by making the government UNACCOUNTABLE for the truth or accuracy of ANYTHING it 
says or does administratively. We have been a target of that campaign. See: 

Reasonable Belief About Income Tax Liability, Form #05.007 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

3.8. Legislatively create a conflict of interest in the judges administering the territorial franchise so that they will be 
forced to apply it to the states of the Union. 

3.9. Get the U.S. Supreme Court, through pressure on individual justices, to allow the financial and criminal conflict 
of interest with judges to stand and expand. 

3.10. Use the U.S. Supreme Court as a method to embargo challenges to the above illegalities by denying appeals. This 
was done using the Certiorari Act of 1925 proposed by former President and Chief Justice William Howard Taft. 
This was the same President who proposed the Sixteenth Amendment and FRAUDULENTLY got it passed by 
lame duck Secretary of State Philander Knox.> 













































































40 S.Ct. 179, disapproved on other grounds Victoria v. Victoria Ice, Light & Power Co. 134 Va. 134, 114 S.E. 92, 28 A.L.R. 562, and disapproved on other 
grounds Richmond v. Virginia Ry. & Power Co., 141 Va. 69, 126 S.E. 353. 


° Pennsylvania R. Co. v. Bowers, 124 Pa 183, 16 A 836. 


> See: The Law that Never Was, William Benson. It documents the fraudulent ratification of the Sixteenth Amendment. See also Great IRS Hoax, Form 
#11.302, Section 6.6.1; http://famguardian.org/Publications/GreatIRSHoax/GreatIRSHoax.htm. 





De Facto Government Scam 53 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


4l 


42 


43 
44 


That last step: creating a conflict of interest in judges was accomplished starting in 1918, right after Downes v. Bidwell and 
just after the Sixteenth Amendment and Federal Reserve Act were passed in 1913. In particular, here is how it was 
accomplished: 


1. Making judges into “taxpayers” started in 1918. This allowed them to become the target of political persecution by the 
Bureau of Internal Revenue if they properly enforce and protect the civil status of parties. 

1.1. This began first with the Revenue Act of 1918, 40 Stat. 1065, Section 213(a) and was declared unconstitutional. 

1.2. The second attempt to make judges taxpayers occurred the Revenue Act of 1932, 47 Stat. 169 and this time it 
stuck. 

1.3. This conflict of interest is also documented in Evans v. Gore, 253 U.S. 245 (1920) , Miles v. Graham, 268 U.S. 
501 (1925), O’Malley v. Woodrough, 307 U.S. 277 (1939), and U.S. v. Hatter, 532 U.S. 557, 121 S.Ct. 1782, 
(2001). 

2. Judges have been allowed, illegally, to serve as BOTH franchise judges under Article IV of the Constitution and 
CONSTITUTIONAL judges under Article III. When given a choice of the two, they will always pick the Article IV 
franchise judge status, because it financially rewards them and unduly elevates their own importance and jurisdiction. 

3. The IRS is allowed to financially reward judges and prosecutors for convicting those who do not consent to the identity 
theft. See 26 U.S.C. §7623, Internal Revenue Manual (I.R.M.), Section 25.2.2. 


The above process is EXACTLY what they have done. From the 10,000 foot or MACRO view, it essentially amounts to 
identity theft. That identity theft is exhaustively described in the following: 





Government Identity Theft, Form #05.046 


http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 














Our document Legal Deception, Propaganda, and Fraud, Form #05.014 describes how that identity theft is accomplished by 
the abuse of conflict of interest, the rules of statutory interpretation, and equivocation from a general perspective. That 
language abuse is also particularized in the above document to specific other legal contexts, such as: 





1. Domicile identity theft. 
2. Citizenship identity theft. 
3. Franchise identity theft. 


Ultimately, however, all of the identity theft they employ is accomplished by misrepresenting their authority and enforcing 
laws outside their territory. It really boils down to: 


1. Replacing PRIVATE rights with PUBLIC privileges. 
Turning “citizens” and “residents” into the equivalent of government public officers or employees. 

3. Turning all civil law essentially into the employment agreement of virtually everyone who claims to be a 
STATUTORY “citizen” or “resident”. 

4. Acommercial invasion of the states of the Union in violation of Article 4, Section 4. 


5. The abuse of franchises and privileges within the states of the Union to create a caste system that emulates the British 
Monarchy we tried to escape by fighting a revolution. 

6. Using the civil statutory law as a mechanism to limit and control] PEOPLE rather than the GOVERNMENT. 

7. Creating a government of UNLIMITED powers. There are no limits on what an EMPLOYER can order his 


EMPLOYEES or OFFICERS to do, and THAT is what you are if you claim to be a STATUTORY “citizen” under any 
act of Congress. 

8. Using “selective enforcement” to discredit and destroy all those who attempt to QUIT their job as a government officer 
or employee called a STATUTORY “citizen” or “resident”. THIS is how the fraudulent identity theft scheme and 
government mafia protects and expands itself. 


6.3 Thomas Jefferson’s Warnings and Predictions Concerning the Corruption of the 
Government 


Thomas Jefferson, one of our most beloved founding fathers and author of our Declaration of Independence, wrote extensively 
about defects in the design of our system of government and his predictions for how it would eventually be corrupted. In this 





De Facto Government Scam 54 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


document, corruption is a synonym for “de facto”. All of his predictions have come true. You can read his writings on this 
subject at: 





Thomas Jefferson on Politics and Government 
http://famguardian.org/Subjects/Politics/ThomasJefferson/jeffcont.htm 

















Jefferson’s writings on the subject of separation of powers within the above work may be found at: 





Separation of Powers 
http://famguardian.org/Subjects/Politics/ThomasJefferson/jeff1070.htm 














A system of government in which all power is concentrated in a single man, group of men or branch within the government 
is the epitome of de facto government, because its activities are completely unrestrained and have no limits. The founding 
fathers believed that absolute, uncontrolled, unchecked, consolidated power corrupted absolutely. The opposite of the 
centralization of power is what the founders called the “separation of powers”, which was a refinement in the implementation 
of governments engineered by Charles de Montesquieu in his book Spirit of Laws, upon which the founders based their 


CON Dn 


22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 


28 
29 
30 


31 


32 
33 
34 


35 
36 


aT 
38 
39 
40 


4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 


writing of the United States Constitution: 


Below is Thomas 


“When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person, or in the same body of magistrates, 
there can be no liberty.” 
[The Spirit of Laws, Charles de Montesquieu, http://famguardian.org/Publications/SpiritOfLaws/sol-02.htm] 





Jefferson’s description of the separation of powers: 


"To make us one nation as to foreign concerns, and keep us distinct in domestic ones, gives the outline of the 
proper division of powers between the general and particular governments. But, to enable the federal head to 
exercise the powers given it to best advantage, it should be organized as the particular ones are, into legislative, 
executive, and judiciary." 

[Thomas Jefferson to James Madison, 1786. ME 6:9] 


"The first principle of a good government is certainly a distribution of its powers into executive, judiciary, and 
legislative, and a subdivision of the latter into two or three branches." 
[Thomas Jefferson to John Adams, 1787. ME 6:321] 


"The constitution has divided the powers of government into three branches, Legislative, Executive and Judiciary, 
lodging each with a distinct magistracy. The Legislative it has given completely to the Senate and House of 
Representatives. It has declared that the Executive powers shall be vested in the President, submitting special 
articles of it to a negative by the Senate, and it has vested the Judiciary power in the courts of justice, with certain 
exceptions also in favor of the Senate." 

[Thomas Jefferson: Opinion on Executive Appointments, 1790. ME 3:15] 


"My idea is that... the Federal government should be organized into Legislative, Executive and Judiciary, as are 
the State governments, and some peaceable means of enforcement devised for the Federal head over the States." 
[Thomas Jefferson to John Blair, 1787. ME 6:273, Papers 12:28 ] 


Each Branch is Independent 


"The leading principle of our Constitution is the independence of the Legislature, Executive and Judiciary of each 
other." 
[Thomas Jefferson to George Hay, 1807. FE 9:59] 


"There are many [in Congress] who think that not to support the Executive is to abandon Government." 
[Thomas Jefferson to Colonel Bell, 1797. ME 9:386 ] 


[The] principle [of the Constitution] is that of a separation of Legislative, Executive and Judiciary functions 
except in cases specified. If this principle be not expressed in direct terms, it is clearly the spirit of the Constitution, 
and it ought to be so commented and acted on by every friend of free government." 

[Thomas Jefferson to James Madison, 1797. ME 9:368 ] 


"Our Constitution has wisely distributed the administration of the government into three distinct and independent 
departments. To each of these it belongs to administer law within its separate jurisdiction. The Judiciary in cases 
of meum and tuum, and of public crimes; the Executive, as to laws executive in their nature; the Legislature in 
various cases which belong to itself, and in the important function of amending and adding to the system." 
[Thomas Jefferson: Batture at New Orleans, 1812. ME 18:129 ] 


De Facto Government Scam 55 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


w 


CamrIaAawnea 


10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 
18 
19 
20 
21 


22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
oH 
28 
29 
30 


Wo WwW Ww 
RON 


ww Ww WwW 
rid anan 


40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 


45 
46 
47 
48 


49 
50 
51 


52 
53 


54 
55 
56 
57 
58 
59 


"The three great departments having distinct functions to perform, must have distinct rules adapted to them. Each 
must act under its own rules, those of no one having any obligation on either of the others." 
[Thomas Jefferson to James Barbour, 1812. ME 13:129 ] 


"The Constitution intended that the three great branches of the government should be co-ordinate and 
independent of each other. As to acts, therefore, which are to be done by either, it has given no control to another 
branch... Where different branches have to act in their respective lines, finally and without appeal, under any 
law, they may give to it different and opposite constructions... From these different constructions of the same act 
by different branches, less mischief arises than from giving to any one of them a control over the others." 
[Thomas Jefferson to George Hay, 1807. ME 11:213] 


"Tf the Legislature fails to pass laws for a census, for paying the Judges and other officers of government, for 
establishing a militia, for naturalization as prescribed by the Constitution, or if they fail to meet in Congress, the 
Judges cannot issue their mandamus to them; if the President fails to supply the place of a judge, to appoint other 
civil or military officers, to issue requisite commissions, the Judges cannot force him. They can issue their 
mandamus or distring as [i.e., property seizures] to no executive or legislative officer to enforce the fulfillment 
of their official duties any more that the President or Legislature may issue orders to the Judges or their officers. 
Betrayed by the English example, and unaware, as it should seem, of the control of our Constitution in this 
particular, they have at times overstepped their limit by undertaking to command executive officers in the 
discharge of their executive duties; but the Constitution, in keeping the three departments distinct and 
independent, restrains the authority of the Judges to judiciary organs as it does the Executive and Legislative to 
executive and legislative organs." 

[Thomas Jefferson to William C. Jarvis, 1820. ME 15:277 ] 


"It may be objected that the Senate may by continual negatives on the person, do what amounts to a negative on 
the grade [of an appointee], and so, indirectly, defeat [the] right of the President [to determine the grade]. But 
this would be a breach of trust; an abuse of power confided to the Senate, of which that body cannot be supposed 
capable. So the President has a power to convoke the Legislature, and the Senate might defeat that power by 
refusing to come. This equally amounts to a negative on the power of convoking. Yet nobody will say they possess 
such a negative, or would be capable of usurping it by such oblique means. If the Constitution had meant to give 
the Senate a negative on the grade or destination, as well as the person, it would have said so in direct terms, and 
not left it to be effected by a sidewind. It could never mean to give them the use of one power through the abuse 
of another." 

[Thomas Jefferson: Opinion on Executive Appointments, 1790. ME 3:17] 


"Legislative, Executive and Judiciary offices shall be kept forever separate, and no person exercising the one 
shall be capable of appointment to the others, or to either of them." 
[Thomas Jefferson: Draft Virginia Constitution, 1776. Papers 1:347 ] 


"Citizens, whether individually or in bodies corporate or associated, have a right to apply directly to any 
department of their government, whether Legislative, Executive or Judiciary, the exercise of whose powers they 
have a right to claim, and neither of these can regularly offer its intervention in a case belonging to the other." 
[Thomas Jefferson to James Sullivan, 1807. ME 11:382 ] 


"Where... petitioners have a right to petition their immediate representatives in Congress directly, I have deemed 
it neither necessary nor proper for them to pass their petition through the intermediate channel of the Executive. 
But as the petitioners may be ignorant of this, and, confiding in it, may omit the proper measure, I have usually 
put such petitions into the hands of the Representatives of the State, informally to be used or not as they see best, 
and considering me as entirely disclaiming any agency in the case." 

[Thomas Jefferson to Joseph B. Varnum, 1808. ME 12:196] 


"It seems proper that every person should address himself directly to the department to which the Constitution 
has allotted his case; and that the proper answer to such from any other department is, 'that it is not to us that 
the Constitution has assigned the transaction of this business."" 

[Thomas Jefferson to James Madison, 1791. ME 8:250] 


"The courts of justice exercise the sovereignty of this country in judiciary matters, are supreme in these, and 
liable neither to control nor opposition from any other branch of the government." 
[Thomas Jefferson to Edmond C. Genet, 1793. ME 9:234] 


"The interference of the Executive can rarely be proper where that of the Judiciary is so." 
[Thomas Jefferson to George Hammond, 1793. FE 6:298 ] 


"For the Judiciary to interpose in the Legislative department between the constituent and his representative, to 
control them in the exercise of their functions or duties towards each other, to overawe the free correspondence 
which exists and ought to exist between them, to dictate what may pass between them and to punish all others, to 
put the representative into jeopardy of criminal prosecution, of vexation, expense and punishment before the 
Judiciary if his communications, public or private, do not exactly square with their ideas of fact or right or with 
their designs of wrong, is to put the Legislative department under the feet of the Judiciary, is to leave us, indeed, 





De Facto Government Scam 56 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 








1 the shadow but to take away the substance of representation, which requires essentially that the representative 
2 be as free as his constituents would be, that the same interchange of sentiment be lawful between him and them 
3 as would be lawful among themselves were they in the personal transaction of their own business; is to do away 
4 the influence of the people over the proceedings of their representatives by excluding from their knowledge by 
5 the terror of punishment, all but such information or misinformation as may suit their own views." 
6 [Thomas Jefferson: Virginia Petition, 1797. ME 17:359 ] 
7 "Tf the three powers maintain their mutual independence on each other our Government may last long, but not so 
8 if either can assume the authorities of the other." 
9 [Thomas Jefferson to William Charles Jarvis, 1820. ME 15:278 ] 
10 All Powers in One Branch Produces Despotism 
1 "[A very capital defect in a constitution is when] all the powers of government, legislative, executive and judiciary 
12 result to the legislative body. The concentrating these in the same hands is precisely the definition of despotic 
13 government. It will be no alleviation that these powers will be exercised by a plurality of hands, and not by a 
14 single one. One hundred and seventy-three despots would surely be as oppressive as one." 
15, [Thomas Jefferson: Notes on Virginia Q.XIII, 1782. ME 2:162 ] 
16 "[Where] there [is] no barrier between the legislative, executive, and judiciary departments, the legislature may 
17 seize the whole... Having seized it and possessing a right to fix their own quorum, they may reduce that quorum 
18 to one, whom they may call a chairman, speaker, dictator, or by any other name they please." 
19 [Thomas Jefferson: Notes on Virginia Q.XIII, 1782. (*) ME 2:178 ] 
20 "I said to [President Washington] that if the equilibrium of the three great bodies, Legislative, Executive and 
21 Judiciary, could be preserved, if the Legislature could be kept independent, I should never fear the result of such 
22 a government; but that I could not but be uneasy when I saw that the Executive had swallowed up the Legislative 
23 branch." 
24 [Thomas Jefferson: The Anas, 1792. ME 1:318] 
25 Unlimited Powers are Always Dangerous 
26 "Nor should [a legislative body] be deluded by the integrity of their own purposes and conclude that... unlimited 
27 powers will never be abused because themselves are not disposed to abuse them. They should look forward to a 
28 time, and that not a distant one, when corruption in this as in the country from which we derive our origin, will 
29 have seized the heads of government and be spread by them through the body of the people, when they will 
30 purchase the voices of the people and make them pay the price. Human nature is the same on every side of the 
31 Atlantic, and will be alike influenced by the same causes." 
32 [Thomas Jefferson: Notes on Virginia Q.XIII, 1782. ME 2:164 ] 
33 "Mankind soon learn to make interested uses of every right and power which they possess or may assume. The 
34 public money and public liberty, intended to have been deposited with three branches of magistracy but found 
35 inadvertently to be in the hands of one only, will soon be discovered to be sources of wealth and dominion to 
36 those who hold them; distinguished, too, by this tempting circumstance: that they are the instrument as well as 
37 the object of acquisition. With money we will get men, said Caesar, and with men we will get money." 
38 [Thomas Jefferson: Notes on Virginia Q.XIII, 1782. ME 2:164 ] 
39 "It is the old practice of despots to use a part of the people to keep the rest in order; and those who have once got 
40 an ascendancy and possessed themselves of all the resources of the nation, their revenues and offices, have 
41 immense means for retaining their advantages." 
42 [Thomas Jefferson to John Taylor, 1798. ME 10:44 ] 


43 Below are some of Jefferson’s predictions on how the separation of powers would be systematically destroyed by public 
44 servants, most of whom he predicted would be in the federal judiciary: 





45 "The original error [was in] establishing a judiciary independent of the nation, and which, from the citadel of the 

46 law, can turn its guns on those they were meant to defend, and control and fashion their proceedings to its own 

47 will." 

48 [Thomas Jefferson to John Wayles Eppes, 1807. FE 9:68 ] 

49 "It is a misnomer to call a government republican in which a branch of the supreme power is independent of the 

50 nation." 

51 [Thomas Jefferson to James Pleasants, 1821. FE 10:198 ] 

52 "In England, where judges were named and removable at the will of an hereditary executive, from which branch 

53 most misrule was feared and has flowed, it was a great point gained by fixing them for life, to make them 

54 independent of that executive. But in a government founded on the public will, this principle operates in an 
De Facto Government Scam 57 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


RwNe 


Ccaortan 


20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 


26 


27 
28 
29 
30 
31 


32 
33 
34 
35 
36 


37 
38 
39 


40 


4l 
42 
43 
44 


45 
46 
47 
48 
49 


50 
51 
52 
53 
54 
55 


opposite direction and against that will. There, too, they were still removable on a concurrence of the executive 
and legislative branches. But we have made them independent of the nation itself. They are irremovable but by 
their own body for any depravities of conduct, and even by their own body for the imbecilities of dotage." 
[Thomas Jefferson to Samuel Kercheval, 1816. ME 15:34 ] 


"Let the future appointments of judges be for four or six years and renewable by the President and Senate. This 
will bring their conduct at regular periods under revision and probation, and may keep them in equipoise between 
the general and special governments. We have erred in this point by copying England, where certainly it is a 
good thing to have the judges independent of the King. But we have omitted to copy their caution also, which 
makes a judge removable on the address of both legislative houses." 

[Thomas Jefferson to William T. Barry, 1822. ME 15:389 ] 


The great object of my fear is the Federal Judiciary. That body, like gravity, ever acting with noiseless foot and 
unalarming advance, gaining ground step by step and holding what it gains, is engulfing insidiously the special 
governments into the jaws of that which feeds them." 

[Thomas Jefferson to Spencer Roane, 1821. ME 15:326 ] 


"The judiciary of the United States is the subtle corps of sappers and miners constantly working under ground to 
undermine the foundations of our confederated fabric. They are construing our Constitution from a co-ordination 
of a general and special government to a general and supreme one alone. This will lay all things at their feet, and 
they are too well versed in English law to forget the maxim, ‘boni judicis est ampliare jurisdictionem."" 
[Thomas Jefferson to Thomas Ritchie, 1820. ME 15:297 ] 


"It has long been my opinion, and I have never shrunk from its expression,... that the germ of dissolution of our 
Federal Government is in the constitution of the Federal Judiciary--an irresponsible body (for impeachment is 
scarcely a scare-crow), working like gravity by night and by day, gaining a little today and a little tomorrow, and 
advancing its noiseless step like a thief over the field of jurisdiction until all shall be usurped from the States and 
the government be consolidated into one. To this I am opposed." 

[Thomas Jefferson to Charles Hammond, 1821. ME 15:331 ] 


Irregular and Censurable Decisions 


"Contrary to all correct example, [the Federal judiciary] are in the habit of going out of the question before them, 
to throw an anchor ahead and grapple further hold for future advances of power. They are then in fact the corps 
of sappers and miners, steadily working to undermine the independent rights of the States and to consolidate all 
power in the hands of that government in which they have so important a freehold estate." 

[Thomas Jefferson: Autobiography, 1821. ME 1:121 ] 


"The judges... are practicing on the Constitution by inferences, analogies, and sophisms, as they would on an 
ordinary law. They do not seem aware that it is not even a Constitution formed by a single authority and subject 


to a single superintendence and control, but that it is a compact of many independent powers, every single one of 


which claims an equal right to understand it and to require its observance." 
[Thomas Jefferson to Edward Livingston, 1825. ME 16:113 ] 


"[The] practice of Judge Marshall of traveling out of his case to prescribe what the law would be in a moot case 
not before the court, is very irregular and very censurable." 
[Thomas Jefferson to William Johnson, 1823. ME 15:447 ] 


Consolidating Decisions 


"The great object of my fear is the Federal Judiciary. That body, like gravity, ever acting with noiseless foot and 
unalarming advance, gaining ground step by step and holding what it gains, is engulfing insidiously the special 
governments into the jaws of that which feeds them." 

[Thomas Jefferson to Spencer Roane, 1821. ME 15:326 ] 


"The judiciary of the United States is the subtle corps of sappers and miners constantly working under ground to 
undermine the foundations of our confederated fabric. They are construing our Constitution from a co-ordination 
of a general and special government to a general and supreme one alone. This will lay all things at their feet, and 
they are too well versed in English law to forget the maxim, ‘boni judicis est ampliare jurisdictionem."" 
[Thomas Jefferson to Thomas Ritchie, 1820. ME 15:297 ] 


"It has long been my opinion, and I have never shrunk from its expression,... that the germ of dissolution of our 
Federal Government is in the constitution of the Federal Judiciary--an irresponsible body (for impeachment is 
scarcely a scare-crow), working like gravity by night and by day, gaining a little today and a little tomorrow, and 
advancing its noiseless step like a thief over the field of jurisdiction until all shall be usurped from the States and 
the government be consolidated into one. To this I am opposed." 

[Thomas Jefferson to Charles Hammond, 1821, ME 15:331 ] 





De Facto Government Scam 58 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


CaHrXIawr wWHN 


o 


20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 


26 
27 
28 
29 


30 
31 
32 
33 


34 
35 
36 


37 


w 


8 


39 
40 
41 
42 


43 
44 
45 


46 
47 
48 


49 
50 
51 





Undermining Republican Government 


"At the establishment of our Constitutions, the judiciary bodies were supposed to be the most helpless and 
harmless members of the government. Experience, however, soon showed in what way they were to become the 
most dangerous; that the insufficiency of the means provided for their removal gave them a freehold and 
irresponsibility in office; that their decisions, seeming to concern individual suitors only, pass silent and unheeded 
by the public at large; that these decisions nevertheless become law by precedent, sapping by little and little the 
foundations of the Constitution and working its change by construction before any one has perceived that that 
invisible and helpless worm has been busily employed in consuming its substance. In truth, man is not made to 
be trusted for life if secured against all liability to account." 

[Thomas Jefferson to A. Coray, 1823. ME 15:486 ] 


"This member of the government... has proved that the power of declaring what the law is, ad libitum, by sapping 
and mining, slyly, and without alarm, the foundations of the Constitution, can do what open force would not dare 
to attempt." 

[Thomas Jefferson to Edward Livingston, 1825. ME 16:114 ] 


"I do not charge the judges with wilful and ill-intentioned error; but honest error must be arrested where its 
toleration leads to public ruin. As for the safety of society, we commit honest maniacs to Bedlam; so judges should 
be withdrawn from their bench whose erroneous biases are leading us to dissolution. It may, indeed, injure them 
in fame or in fortune; but it saves the republic, which is the first and supreme law." 

[Thomas Jefferson: Autobiography, 1821. ME 1:122 ] 


"If, indeed, a judge goes against the law so grossly, so palpably, as no imputable degree of folly can account for, 
and nothing but corruption, malice or wilful wrong can explain, and especially if circumstances prove such 
motives, he may be punished for the corruption, the malice, the wilful wrong; but not for the error: nor is he liable 
to action by the party grieved. And our form of government constituting its respective functionaries judges of the 
law which is to guide their decisions, places all within the same reason, under the safeguard of the same rule." 
[Thomas Jefferson: Batture at New Orleans, 1812. ME 18:130 ] 


"One single object... [will merit] the endless gratitude of society: that of restraining the judges from usurping 
legislation. And with no body of men is this restraint more wanting than with the judges of what is commonly 
called our General Government, but what I call our foreign department." 

[Thomas Jefferson to Edward Livingston, 1825. ME 16:113 ] 


"When all government, domestic and foreign, in little as in great things, shall be drawn to Washington as the 
center of all power, it will render powerless the checks provided of one government on another and will become 


as venal and oppressive as the government from which we separated." 
[Thomas Jefferson to Charles Hammond, 1821. ME 15:332 ] 


"What an augmentation of the field for jobbing, speculating, plundering, office-building and office-hunting 


would be produced by an assumption of all the State powers into the hands of the General Government!" 
[Thomas Jefferson to Gideon Granger, 1800. ME 10:168] 


Thomas Jefferson also predicted that the most severe threat of destruction of the separation of powers would come from the 
federal judiciary: 


"Our government is now taking so steady a course as to show by what road it will pass to destruction; to wit: by 


consolidation first and then corruption, its necessary consequence. The engine of consolidation will be the 


Federal judiciary; the two other branches the corrupting and corrupted instruments." 
[Thomas Jefferson to Nathaniel Macon, 1821. ME 15:341 ] 


"The [federal] judiciary branch is the instrument which, working like gravity, without intermission, is to press 
us at last into one consolidated mass." 
[Thomas Jefferson to Archibald Thweat, 1821. ME 15:307] 





"There is no danger I apprehend so much as the consolidation of our government by the noiseless and therefore 


unalarming instrumentality of the Supreme Court." 
[Thomas Jefferson to William Johnson, 1823. ME 15:421 ] 


Jefferson, of course, was absolutely correct in his predictions that the federal judiciary would be the source of corruption that 
would transform a de jure government into a de facto government. You can read exactly how this happened in a book 
available on our website below: 





What Happened to Justice?, Form #06.012 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

















De Facto Government Scam 59 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Cd AN wD 


20 
21 


22 
23 
24 
25 
26 


27 


28 


29 
30 
31 
32 
33 


34 


35 
36 
37 
38 


40 


41 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 


6.4 How Scoundrels Corrupted Our Republican Form of Government: With franchises® 


"All systems of government suppose they are to be administered by men of common sense and common honesty. 
In our country, as all ultimately depends on the voice of the people, they have it in their power, and it is to be 
presumed they generally will choose men of this description: but if they will not, the case, to be sure, is without 
remedy. If they choose fools, they will have foolish laws. If they choose knaves, they will have knavish ones. But 
this can never be the case until they are generally fools or knaves themselves, which, thank God, is not likely ever 
to become the character of the American people." [Justice Iredell] (Fries's Case (CC) F Cas No 5126, supra.) 
[Ludecke v. Watkins, 335 U.S. 160; 92 L.Ed 1881, 1890; 68 S.Ct. 1429 (1948)] 





“The chief enemies of republican freedom are mental sloth, conformity, bigotry, superstition, credulity, monopoly 
in the market of ideas, and utter, benighted ignorance.” 
[Adderley v. State of Florida, 385 U.S. 39, 49 (1967)] 


6.4.1 Original Design of our Republic 


The Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302, Section 4.1 showed you the hierarchy of sovereignty and where you fit personally in 
that hierarchy. They showed you in Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302, Section 4.5 that Article 4, Section 4 of the U.S. 
Constitution guarantees to all Americans a “republican form of government”. Then in section 5.1.1 they showed you the 
order that our state and federal governments were created and the distinct sovereignties that comprise all the elements of our 
republican political system. Now we are going to tie the whole picture together and show you graphically the tools and 
techniques that specific covetous government servants have used over the years to corrupt and debase that system for their 
own personal financial and political benefit. 








"The king establishes the land by justice; but he who receives bribes overthrows it." 
[Prov. 29:4, Bible, NKJV] 





After you have learned these techniques by which corruption is introduced, we will spend the rest of the chapter showing 
exactly how these techniques have been specifically applied over the years to corrupt and debase and destroy our political 
system and undermine our personal liberties, rights, and freedoms. This will train your perception to be on the lookout for 
any future attempts by our covetous politicians to further corrupt our system so that you can act swiftly at a political level to 
oppose and prevent it. 


First of all, the foundation of our republican form of government is all the following as a group: 


1. Sovereign power held by the People through their direct participation in the affairs of government as jurists and voters. 


"The sovereignty of a state does not reside in the persons who fill the different departments of its government, but 
in the People, from whom the government emanated; and they may change it at their discretion. Sovereignty, then 
in this country, abides with the constituency, and not with the agent; and this remark is true, both in reference to 
the federal and state government." 

[Spooner v. McConnell, 22 F. 939, 943] 





"There is no such thing as a power of inherent sovereignty in the government of the United States .... In this 
country sovereignty resides in the people, and Congress can exercise no power which they have not, by their 
Constitution entrusted to it: All else is withheld." 

[Julliard v. Greenman: 110 U.S. 421, (1884)] 


2. All powers exercised by government are directly delegated to those serving in government by the people, both 
collectively and individually. 


"The question is not what power the federal government ought to have, but what powers, in fact, have been given 
by the people... The federal union is a government of delegated powers. It has only such as are expressly conferred 
upon it, and such as are reasonably to be implied from those granted. In this respect, we differ radically from 
nations where all legislative power, without restriction or limitation, is vested in a parliament or other legislative 
body subject to no restriction except the discretion of its members." (Congress) 

[U.S. v. William M. Butler, 297 U.S. 1 (1936)/ 











® Source: How ____ Scoundrels Corrupted Our __Republican___ Form ___ of ___ Government, Family Guardian —_ Fellowship; 
https://famguardian.org/Subjects/Taxes/Evidence/HowScCorruptOurRepubGovt.htm. 





De Facto Government Scam 60 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Camrtanes 


21 
22 


23 


24 
25 
26 


29 


30 


31 


32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 


39 


"The Government of the United States is one of delegated powers alone. Its authority is defined and limited by 
the Constitution. All powers not granted to it by that instrument are reserved to the States or the people." 
[United States v. Cruikshank, 92 U.S. 542 (1875)] 





"It is again to antagonize Chief Justice Marshall, when he said: 'The government of the Union, then (whatever 
may be the influence of this fact on the case), is emphatically and truly a government of the people. In form and 
in substance it emanates from them. Its powers are granted by them, and are to be exercised directly on them and 
for their benefit. This government is acknowledged by all to be one of enumerated powers.' 4 Wheat. 404, 4 L.Ed. 
601." 

[Downes v. Bidwell, 182 U.S. 244 (1901)] 





The implication is that the people AS INDIVIDUALS are EQUAL to the government in the eyes of the law because you 
can’t delegate what you don’t have: 


“Derativa potestas non potest esse major primitiva. 
The power which is derived cannot be greater than that from which it is derived.” 


Nemo dat qui non habet. No one can give who does not possess. Jenk. Cent. 250. 


Nemo plus juris ad alienum transfere potest, quam ispe habent. One cannot transfer to another a right which he 
has not. Dig. 50, 17, 54; 10 Pet. 161, 175. 


Nemo potest facere per alium quod per se non potest. No one can do that by another which he cannot do by 
himself. 


Qui per alium facit per seipsum facere videtur. He who does anything through another, is considered as doing it 
himself. Co. Litt. 258. 


Quicpuid acquiritur servo, acquiritur domino. Whatever is acquired by the servant, is acquired for the master. 
15 Bin. Ab. 327. 


Quod per me non possum, nec per alium. What I cannot do in person, I cannot do by proxy. 4 Co. 24. 


What a man cannot transfer, he cannot bind by articles. 
[Bouvier’s Maxims of Law, 1856; 
SOURCE: http://famguardian.org/Publications/BouvierMaximsOfLaw/BouviersMaxims.htm] 





3. Separation of powers between three branches of government. That separation is described in: 

Government Conspiracy to Destroy the Separation of Powers, Form #05.023 
https://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

4. Distinct separation of property rights between PUBLIC and PRIVATE. By “public” we mean GOVERNMENT 
property. That separation is described in: 

Separation Between Public and Private Course, Form #12.025 

https://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 






































Without ALL of the above, every government becomes corrupt and turns into a de facto government as described in: 





De Facto Government Scam, Form #05.043 
https://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 














The concept of separation of powers is called the “Separation of Powers Doctrine”: 





"Separation of powers. The governments of the states and the United States are divided into three departments 
or branches: the legislative, which is empowered to make laws, the executive which is required to carry out the 
laws, and the judicial which is charged with interpreting the laws and adjudicating disputes under the laws. 
Under this constitutional doctrine of "separation of powers," one branch is not permitted to encroach on the 
domain or exercise the powers of another branch. See U.S. Constitution, Articles I-III. See also Power 
(Constitutional Powers)." 

[Black's Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 1365] 


Here is how no less than the U.S. Supreme Court described the purpose of this separation of powers: 





De Facto Government Scam 61 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


CHOI AUR WNEYE 


24 
25 
26 


27 
28 
29 
30 


31 
32 
33 


34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 


41 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 


47 


48 
49 
50 


51 


"We start with first principles. The Constitution creates a Federal Government of enumerated powers. See U.S. 
Const., Art. I, 8. As James Madison wrote, "[t]he powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal 
government are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State governments are numerous and 
indefinite." The Federalist No. 45, pp. 292-293 (C. Rossiter ed. 1961). This constitutionally mandated division 
of authority ''was adopted by the Framers to ensure protection of our fundamental liberties."' Gregory v. 
Ashcroft, 501 U.S. 452, 458 (1991) (internal_quotation_marks_omitted). 'Just_as_the_ separation and 


independence of the coordinate branches of the Federal Government serves to prevent the accumulation of 


excessive power in any one branch, a healthy balance of power between the States and the Federal Government 


will reduce the risk of tyranny and abuse from either front." Ibid. 
[U.S. v. Lopez, 514 U.S. 549 (1995)] 


The founding fathers believed that men were inherently corrupt. They believed that absolute power corrupts absolutely so 
they avoided concentrating too much power into any single individual. 


"When all government, domestic and foreign, in little as in great things, shall be drawn to Washington as the 
center of all power, it will render powerless the checks provided of one government on another and will become 
as venal and oppressive as the government from which we separated." 

[Thomas Jefferson to Charles Hammond, 1821. ME 15:332] 


"Our government is now taking so steady a course as to show by what road it will pass to destruction; to wit: by 
consolidation first and then corruption, its necessary consequence. The engine of consolidation will be the 
Federal judiciary; the two other branches the corrupting and corrupted instruments." 

[Thomas Jefferson to Nathaniel Macon, 1821. ME 15:341] 


"The [federal] judiciary branch is the instrument which, working like gravity, without intermission, is to press 
us at last into one consolidated mass." 
[Thomas Jefferson to Archibald Thweat, 1821. ME 15:307] 


"There is no danger I apprehend so much as the consolidation of our government by the noiseless and therefore 
unalarming instrumentality of the Supreme Court." 
[Thomas Jefferson to William Johnson, 1823. ME 15:421] 


"T wish... to see maintained that wholesome distribution of powers established by the Constitution for the 
limitation of both [the State and General governments], and never to see all offices transferred to Washington 
where, further withdrawn from the eyes of the people, they may more secretly be bought and sold as at market." 
[Thomas Jefferson to William Johnson, 1823. ME 15:450] 


"What an augmentation of the field for jobbing, speculating, plundering, office-building and office-hunting 
would be produced by an assumption of all the State powers into the hands of the General Government!" 
[Thomas Jefferson to Gideon Granger, 1800. ME 10:168] 


"T see,... and with the deepest affliction, the rapid strides with which the federal branch of our government is 
advancing towards the usurpation of all the rights reserved to the States, and the consolidation in itself of all 
powers, foreign and domestic; and that, too, by constructions which, if legitimate, leave no limits to their 
power... It is but too evident that the three ruling branches of [the Federal government] are in combination to 
strip their colleagues, the State authorities, of the powers reserved by them, and to exercise themselves all 
functions foreign and domestic." 

[Thomas Jefferson to William Branch Giles, 1825. ME 16:146] 


"We already see the [judiciary] power, installed for life, responsible to no authority (for impeachment is not 
even a scare-crow), advancing with a noiseless and steady pace to the great object of consolidation. The 
foundations are already deeply laid by their decisions for the annihilation of constitutional State rights and the 
removal of every check, every counterpoise to the engulfing power of which themselves are to make a sovereign 
part." 

[Thomas Jefferson to William T. Barry, 1822. ME 15:388] 


For further quotes supporting the above, see: 





Thomas Jefferson on Politics and Government 
http://famguardian.org/Subjects/Politics/ThomasJefferson/jeff1060.htm 














They instead wanted an egalitarian and utopian society. They loathed the idea of a king because they had seen how corrupt 
the monarchies of Europe had become by reading the history books. They loathed it so much that they specifically prohibited 
titles of nobility in Article 1, Section 9, Clause 8: 


U.S. Constitution; Article 1, Section 9, Clause 8 


De Facto Government Scam 62 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 








oN Dn 


28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 


34 
35 


36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
4l 


42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 


50 
51 


No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the United States: And no Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust 
under them, shall, without the Consent of the Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any 
kind whatever, from any King, Prince or foreign State. 


So the founders instead distributed and dispersed political power into several independent branches of government that have 
sovereign power over a finite sphere and prohibited the branches from assuming each other’s duties. This, they believed, 
would prevent collusion against their rights and liberties. They therefore divided the government into the Executive, 
Legislative, and Judicial branches and made them independent of each other, and assigned very specific duties to each. In 
effect, these three branches became “foreign” to each other and in constant competition with each other for power and control. 


The founders further dispersed political power by dividing power between the several states and the federal government and 
gave most of the power to the states. They gave each state their own seats in Congress, in the Senate. They made the states 
just like “foreign countries” and independent nations so that there would be the greatest separation of powers possible between 
the federal government and the states: 


"The States between each other are sovereign and independent. They are distinct and separate sovereignties, 
except so far as they have parted with some of the attributes of sovereignty by the Constitution. They continue 


to be nations, with all their rights, and under all their national obligations, and with all the rights of nations 


in every particular; except in the surrender by each to the common purposes and objects of the Union, under the 
Constitution. The rights of each State, when not so yielded up, remain absolute." 
[Bank of Augusta v. Earle, 38 U.S. (13 Pet.) 519, 10 L.Ed. 274 (1839)] 


Then the founders created multiple states so that the states would be in competition with each other for citizens and for 
commerce. When one state got too oppressive or taxed people too much, the people could then move to an economically 
more attractive state and climate. This kept the states from oppressing their citizens and it gave the people a means to keep 
their state and their government in check. Then they put the federal government in charge of regulating commerce among 
and between the states, and the intention of this was to maximize, not obstruct, commerce between the states so that we would 
act as a unified economic union and like a country. Even so, they didn’t want our country to be a “nation” under the law of 
nations, because they didn’t want a national government with unlimited powers. They wanted a “federation”, so they called 
our central government the “federal government” instead of a “national government”. To give us a “national government” 
would be a recipe for tyranny: 


“By that law the several States and Governments spread over our globe, are considered as forming a society, 


not a NATION. It has only been by a very few comprehensive minds, such as those of Elizabeth and the Fourth 
Henry, that this last great idea has been even contemplated. 3rdly. and chiefly, I shall examine the important 
question before us, by the Constitution of the United States, and the legitimate result of that valuable instrument. 


[Chisholm v. Georgia, 2 Dall. (U.S.) 419, 1 L.Ed. 440 (1794)] 


The ingenious founders also made the people the sovereigns in charge of both the state and federal governments by giving 
them a Bill of Rights and mandating frequent elections. Frequent elections: 


1. Ensured that rulers would not be in office long enough to learn enough to get sneaky with the people or abuse their 
power. 

2. Kept the rulers accountable to the people and provided a prompt feedback mechanism to make sure politicians and 
rulers were incentivized to listen to the people. 

3. Created a stable political system that would automatically converge onto the will of the majority so that the country 
would be at peace instead of at war within itself. 


The founders even gave the people their own house in Congress called the House of Representatives, so that the power 
between the states, in the Senate, and the People, in the House, would be well-balanced. They also made sure that these 
sovereign electors and citizens were well armed with a good education, so they could keep their government in check and 
capably defend their freedom, property, and liberty by themselves. When things got rough and governments became corrupt, 
these rugged and self-sufficient citizens were also guaranteed the right to defend their property using arms that the U.S. 
Constitution said in the Second Amendment that they had a right to keep and use. This ensured that citizens wouldn’t need 
to depend on the government for a handout or socialist benefits and wouldn’t have to worry about having a government that 
would plunder their property or their liberty. 


Finally, the founding fathers created the institution of trial by jury, so that if government got totally corrupt and passed unjust 
laws that violated God’s laws, the people could put themselves back in control through jury nullification. This also effectively 


De Facto Government Scam 63 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 





od An 


32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 


40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 


45 
46 


47 
48 
49 


dealt with the problem of corrupt judges, because both the jury and the grand jury could override the judge as well when they 
detected a conflict of interest by judging both the facts and the law. Here is how Thomas Jefferson described the duty of the 
jury in such a circumstance: 


"It is left... to the juries, if they think the permanent judges are under any bias whatever in any cause, to take 


on themselves to judge the law _as well as the fact. They never exercise this power but when they suspect 
artiality in the judges; and by the exercise of this power they have been the firmest bulwarks of English 


liberty." 
[Thomas Jefferson to Abbe Arnoux, 1789. ME 7:423, Papers 15:283] 


Then the founders separated church and state and put the state and the church in competition with each other to protect and 
nurture the people. This church/state separation and dual sovereignty was discussed in Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302, 
Section 4.3.6. 


The design that our founding fathers had for our political system was elegant, unique, unprecedented, ingenious, perfectly 
balanced, and inherently just. It was founded on the concept of Natural Order and Natural Law, which as we explained in 
section 4.1 are based on the sequence that things were created. This concept made sense, even to people who didn’t believe 
in God, so it had wide support among a very diverse country of immigrants from all over the world and of many different 
religious faiths. Natural Law and Natural Order unified our country because it was just and fair and righteous. That is the 
basis for the phrase on our currency, which says: 








“E Pluribus Unum” 


...which means: “From many, one.” Our system of Natural Law and Natural Order also happened to be based on 
God’s sovereign design for self-government, as we explained throughout chapter 4. The founders also recognized that 
liberty without God and morality are impossible: 





"We have no government armed with the power capable of contending with human passions unbridled by morality 
and religion. Avarice [greed], ambition, revenge, or gallantry [debauchery], would break the strongest cords of 
our Constitution as a whale goes through a net. Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious 
people. It is wholly inadequate to the government of any other." 

[John Adams, 2" President] 


So the founders included the requirement for BOTH God and Liberty on all of our currency. They put the phrase “Jn God 
We Trust” and the phrase “Liberty” side by side, and they were probably thinking of the following scripture when they did 
that!: 


“Now the Lord is the Spirit; and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.” 
[2 Cor. 3:17, Bible, NKJV] 





By creating such distinct separation of powers among all the forces of government, the founders ensured that the only way 
anything would get done within government was exclusively by informed consent and not by force or terror. The Declaration 
of Independence identifies the source of ALL "just" government power as "consent". Anything not consensual is therefore 
unjust and tyrannical. An informed and sovereign People will only do things voluntarily and consensually when it is in their 
absolute best interests. This would ensure that government would never engage in anything that wasn't in the best interests 
of everyone as a whole, because people, at least theoretically, would never consent to anything that would either hurt them 
or injure their Constitutional rights. The Supreme Court described this kind of government by consent as "government by 
compact": 


“In Europe, the executive is synonymous with the sovereign power of a state...where it is too commonly acquired 
by force or fraud, or both...In America, however the case is widely different. Our government is founded upon 


compact [consent expressed in a written contract called a Constitution or in positive law]. Sovereignty was, 


and is, in the people.” 
[Glass v. The Sloop Betsy, 3 (U.S.) Dall 6] 


Here is the legal definition of “compact” to prove our point that the Constitution and all federal law written in 
furtherance of it are indeed a “compact”: 


“Compact, n. An agreement or contract between persons, nations, or states. Commonly applied to working 
agreements between and among states concerning matters of mutual concern. A contract between parties, which 
creates obligations and rights capable of being enforced and contemplated as such between the parties, in their 


De Facto Government Scam 64 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 





RwNe 


distinct and independent characters. A mutual consent of parties concerned respecting some property or right 
that is the object of the stipulation, or something that is to be done or forborne. See also Compact clause; 
Confederacy; Interstate compact; Treaty.” 

[Black's Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 281] 


Enacting a mutual agreement into positive law then, becomes the vehicle for expressing the fact that the People collectively 
agreed and consented to the law and to accept any adverse impact that law might have on their liberty. Public servants then, 
are just the apparatus that the sovereign People use for governing themselves through the operation of positive law. As the 
definition above shows, the apparatus and machinery of government is simply the “rudder” that steers the ship, but the 
"Captain" of the ship is the People both individually and collectively. In a true Republican Form of Government, the REAL 
government is the people individually and collectively, and not their "public servants". That is the true meaning of the phrase 
"a government of the people, by the people, and for the people" used by Abraham Lincoln in the Gettysburg Address. 


Our de jure Constitutional Republic started out as a perfectly balanced and just system indeed. But somewhere along the 
way, it was deliberately corrupted by evil men for personal gain. Just like Cain (in the Bible) destroyed the tranquility and 
peace of an idyllic world and divided the Family of Adam by first introducing murder into the world, greedy politicians who 
wanted to line their pockets corrupted our wonderful system and brought evil into the government. How did it happen? They 
did it with a combination of force, fraud, and the corrupting influence of money. This process can be shown graphically and 
described in scientific terms over a period of years to show precisely how it was done. We will now attempt to do this so that 
the process is crystal clear in your mind. What we are trying to show are the following elements in our diagram: 


1. The distinct sovereignties between governments: 
1.1. States 
1.2. The federal government 
2. The sovereignties within governments: 
2.1. Executive branch 
2.2. Legislative branch 
2.3. Judicial branch 
3. The hierarchy of sovereignty between all the sovereignties based on their sequence of creation. 
4. The corrupting influence of force, fraud, and money, including the branch that initiated it, the date it was initiated, and 
the object it was initiated against. 


To meet the above objectives, we will start off with the diagram found in Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302, Section 5.1.1 and 
expand it with some of the added elements found in the Natural Order diagram found earlier in Great IRS Hoax, Form 
#11.302, Section 4.1. To the bottom of the diagram, we add the Ten Commandments, which establishes the “Separation of 
Church v. State”. The first four commandments in Exodus 20:2-11 establish the church and the last six commandments 
found in Exodus 20:12-17 define how we should relate to other people, who Jesus later called our “neighbor” in Matt. 22:39. 
The main and only purpose of government is to love and protect and serve its inhabitants and citizens, who collectively are 
"neighbors". What results is a schematic diagram of the initial political system that the founders gave us absent all corruption. 
This is called the “De jure U.S. Government”. It is the only lawful government we have and its organization is defined by 
our Constitution. It's organization is also defined by the Bible, which we also call "Natural Law" throughout this document. 


Figure 1: De Jure Hierarchy of Sovereignty 





De Facto Government Scam 65 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 










GOD 
v 


GOD'S LAW/BIBLE 











THE CHURCH 


Pastor/ 
Clergy 


"WE THE PEOPLE" 


(Constitutional but not 
statutory “Citizens”) 


The People 
(as individuals) 





PRIVATE 

















Sheep/flock Families Private 



































Grand Jury | 





Elections | 





Trial Jury 








UNION STATES ("states") 





Constitution 














Judicial 
Branch 


Executive 
Branch 


Legislative 
Branch 
































State 
Corporations 


State statutory 
citizens 


State 




















FEDERAL GOVERNMENT 








Constitution 


— 


Executive Judicial Legislative 











































| 
| 
| 
| 
| 
| Branch Branch Branch 
| 
| 
| 
| 




















|_ 2 
| g 2 Federal Federal Federal statutory | | 
Be | corporations | | “States’/ (8 USC §1401) | | 
| = & P territories “U.S. citizens” 
| 


STATE 
Love your neighbor 
(Exodus 20:12-17) 


CHURCH 
Love your God 
(Exodus 20:2-11) 


Separdtion: 


<+\__}+—_> 


Each box in the above diagram represents a sovereignty or sovereign entity that helps distribute power throughout our system 
of government to prevent corruption or tyranny. The arrows with dark ends indicate an act of creation by the sovereign 





De Facto Government Scam 66 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


26 
27 
28 


29 
30 
31 
32: 
33 
34 


35 


36 


37 
38 
39 
40 


4l 
42 
43 


44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 


above. That act of creation carries with it an implied delegation of authority to do specific tasks and establishes a fiduciary 
relationship between the creator, and his subordinate creation. The above system as shown functions properly and fully and 
provides the best defense for our liberties only when there is complete separation between each sovereignty, which is to say 
that all actions performed and all choices made by any one sovereign: 


Are completely free of fraud, force, conflict of interest, or duress. 

Are accomplished completely voluntarily, which is to say that they are done for the mutual benefit of all parties 
involved rather than any one single party exercising undue influence. 

3. Involve fully informed consent made with a full awareness by all parties to the agreement of all rights which are being 
surrendered to procure any benefits acquired. 

Are done mainly or exclusively for the benefit of the sovereign above the agent who is the actor. 

Are done for righteous reasons and noble intent, meaning that they are accomplished for the benefit of someone else 
rather than one’s own personal or financial benefit. This requirement is the foundation of what a fiduciary relationship 
means and also the only way that conflicts of interest and the corruption they can cause can be eliminated. 


Ne 


nF 


6.4.2 Main Technique of Corruption: Introduce Franchises to replace UNALIENABLE PRIVATE Rights with 
REVOCABLE PUBLIC Statutory PRIVILEGES 


“The rich ruleth over the poor, and the borrower [is] servant to the lender.” 
[Prov. 22:7, Bible, NKJV] 





The secret to how scoundrels corrupt our republic based on inalienable rights and replace it with a democracy based on 
revocable statutory privileges is to offer to grant or rent you government property with conditions or legal strings attached. 
That process is called a "franchise". The Bible and the U.S. Supreme Court both describe EXACTLY, from a legal 
perspective, WHEN AND HOW you personally facilitate this inversion of the de jure hierarchy in the previous section to 
make public servants into masters and make you the sovereign into a government employee or officer. It is done with grants 
or rentals of government property that have legal strings attached. This grant is what we call “government franchises” 
(Form #05.030) on our website. The word “privilege” in fact is synonymous with granting or renting absolutely owned 
GOVERNMENT property and the legal strings attached to the temporary grant. 


“The rich rules over the poor, 
And the borrower is servant to the lender.” 
[Prov. 22:7, Bible, NKJV] 


“The State in such cases exercises no greater right than an individual may exercise over the use of his own 
property when leased or loaned to others. The conditions upon which the privilege shall be enjoyed being stated 


or implied in the legislation authorizing its grant, no right is, of course, impaired by their enforcement. The 





recipient of the privilege, in effect, stipulates to comply with the conditions. It matters not how limited the 


privilege conferred, its acceptance implies an assent to the regulation of its use and the compensation for it.” 
[Munn y. Illinois, 94 U.S. 113 (1876) ] 





Curses of Disobedience [to God’s Laws] 


“The alien [Washington, D.C. is legislatively “alien” in relation to states of the Union] who is among you shall 


rise higher and higher above you, and you shall come down lower and lower [malicious destruction of EQUAL 
PROTECTION and EQUAL TREATMENT by abusing FRANCHISES]. He shall lend to you [Federal 


Reserve counterfeiting franchise], but you shall not lend to him; he shall be the head, and you shall be the tail. 


“Moreover all these curses shall come upon you and pursue and overtake you, until you are destroyed, because 


you did not obey the voice of the Lord your God, to keep His commandments and His statutes which He 
commanded you. And they shall be upon you for a sign and a wonder, and on your descendants forever. 


“Because you did not serve [ONLY] the Lord your God with joy and gladness of heart, for the abundance of 
everything, therefore you shall serve your [covetous thieving lawyer] enemies, whom the Lord will send against 
you, in hunger, in thirst, in nakedness, and in need of everything; and He will put a yoke of iron [franchise codes] 
on your neck until He has destroyed you. The Lord will bring a nation against you from afar [the District of 
CRIMINALS], from the end of the earth, as swift as the eagle flies [the American Eagle], a nation whose language 
[LEGALESE] you will not understand, a nation of fierce [coercive and fascist] countenance, which does not 
respect the elderly [assassinates them by denying them healthcare through bureaucratic delays on an Obamacare 
waiting list] nor show favor to the young [destroying their ability to learn in the public FOOL system]. And they 
shall eat the increase of your livestock and the produce of your land [with “trade or business” franchise taxes], 


De Facto Government Scam 67 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 








24 


25 
26 
27 
28 


29 
30 
31 
32 


33 


34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 


45 
46 
47 


48 
49 
50 
51 
52 
53 
54 


until you [and all your property] are destroyed [or STOLEN/CONFISCATED]; they shall not leave you grain 
or new wine or oil, or the increase of your cattle or the offspring of your flocks, until they have destroyed you. 
[Deut. 28:43-51, Bible, NKJV] 


The problem with all such grants/rentals is that the covetous de facto (Form #05.043) government offering them can 
theoretically attach ANY condition they want to the grant. If the property is something that is life threatening to do without, 
then they can destroy ALL of your constitutional rights and leave you with no judicial or legal remedy whatsoever for the 
loss of your fundamental or natural PRIVATE rights and otherwise PRIVATE property! This, in fact, is EXACTLY what 


Pharaoh did to the Israelites during the famine in Egypt, described in Genesis 47. 








“But when Congress creates a statutory right fa “privilege” or “public right” in this case, such as a “trade or 
business”], it clearly has the discretion, in defining that right, to create presumptions, or assign burdens o, 

proof, or prescribe remedies; it may also provide that persons seeking to vindicate that right must do so before 
particularized tribunals created to perform the specialized adjudicative tasks related to that right. FN35 Such 
provisions do, in a sense, affect the exercise of judicial power, but they are also incidental to Congress' power 
to define the right that it has created. No comparable justification exists, however, when the right being 
adjudicated is not of congressional creation. In such a situation, substantial inroads into functions that have 
traditionally been performed by the Judiciary cannot be characterized merely as incidental extensions of 
Congress' power to define rights that it has created. Rather, such inroads suggest unwarranted encroachments 


upon the judicial power of the United States, which our Constitution reserves for Art. III courts.” 


[Northern Pipeline Const. Co. v. Marathon Pipe Line Co., 458 U.S. 50, 102 S.Ct. 2858 (1983)] 





The Court developed, for its own governance in the cases confessedly within its jurisdiction, a series of rules 
under which it has avoided passing upon a large part of all the constitutional questions pressed upon it for 
decision. They are: 


6. The Court will not pass upon the constitutionality of a statute at the instance of one who has availed 
himself of its benefits. FN7 Great Falls Mfg. Co. v. Attorney General, 124 U.S. 581, 8 S.Ct. 631, 31 L.Ed. 527; 


Wall v. Parrot Silver & Copper Co., 244 U.S. 407, 411, 412, 37 S.Ct. 609, 61 L.Ed. 1229; St. Louis Malleable 
Casting Co. v. Prendergast Construction Co., 260 U.S. 469, 43 S.Ct. 178, 67 L.Ed. 351. 


FN7 Compare Electric Co. v. Dow, 166 U.S. 489, 17 S.Ct. 645, 41 L.Ed. 1088; Pierce v. Somerset Ry., 171 U.S. 
641, 648, 19 S.Ct. 64, 43 L.Ed. 316; Leonard v. Vicksburg, etc., R. Co., 198 U.S. 416, 422, 25 S.Ct. 750, 49 L.Ed. 
1108. 

[Ashwander v. Tennessee Valley Authority, 297 U.S. 288, 56 S.Ct. 466 (1936)] 








"The words "privileges" and "immunities," like the greater part of the legal phraseology of this country, have 
been carried over from the law of Great Britain, and recur constantly either as such or in equivalent expressions 
from the time of Magna Charta. For all practical purposes they are synonymous in meaning, and originally 
signified a peculiar right or private law conceded to particular persons or places whereby a certain individual 


or class of individuals was exempted from the rigor of the common law. Privilege or immunity is conferred 


upon any person when he is invested with a legal claim to the exercise of special or peculiar rights, authorizing 
him to enjoy some particular advantage or exemption._" 

[The Privileges and Immunities of State Citizenship, Roger Howell, PhD, 1918, pp. 9-10; 

SOURCE: 
http://famguardian.org/Publications/ThePrivAndImmOfStateCit/The_privileges_and_immunities_of_state_c.pd 


f] 


See Magill v. Browne, Fed.Cas. No. 8952, 16 Fed.Cas. 408; 6 Words and Phrases, 5583, 5584; A J. Lien, 
“Privileges and Immunities of Citizens of the United States,” in Columbia University Studies in History, 
Economics, and Public Law, vol. 54, p. 31. 


Whether you know it or not, by accepting such physical or intangible property you are, in effect, manifesting your implied 
consent (assent) under the Uniform Commercial Code (U.C.C.) to enter into a contract with the government that offered it in 
the process. Lawyers commonly call this type of interaction a “quid pro quo”. That contract represents a constructive waiver 
of the sovereignty and sovereign immunity that comes from God Himself. Because the government is asking you to GIVE 
PRIVATE/CONSTITUTIONAL rights in relation to them as consideration that would otherwise be INALIENABLE (Form 
#12.038), they are acting in a private, non-governmental capacity as a de facto government (Form #05.043) with no real 
official, judicial, or sovereign immunity. That franchise contract (Form #12.012) will, almost inevitably, end up being an 








De Facto Government Scam 68 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


1 
2: 


oN An 


22 
23 


24 
25 
26 
27 


28 


WwW WW WwW Ww 
ARaoON ES 


44 
45 
46 


47 
48 


Lending to the Poor 


If one of your brethren becomes poor [desperate], and falls into poverty among you, then you shall help him. 
like a stranger or a sojourner [transient foreigner and/or non-resident non-person, Form #05.020], that he ma 
live with you. Take no usury or interest from him; but fear your God, that your brother may live with you. You 
shall not lend him your money for usury, nor lend him your food at a profit. I am the Lord your God, who 


brought you out of the land of Egypt, to give you the land of Canaan and to be your God. 


The Law Concerning Slavery 


And if one of your brethren who dwells by you becomes poor, and sells himself to you, you shall not compel 
him to serve as a slave. As a hired servant and a sojourner he shall be with you, and shall serve you until the 
Year of Jubilee. And then he shall depart from you—he and his children with him—and shall return to his own 
family. He shall return to the possession of his fathers. For they are My servants [Form #13.007] , whom I 


brought out of the land of Egypt; they shall not be sold as slaves. You shall not rule over him with rigor, but 
you shall fear your God.” 


[Lev. 25:35-43, Bible, NKJV] 


Adhesion Contract 


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Wikipedia. 





Related to Adhesion Contract: unilateral contract, exculpatory clause, personal contract, Unconscionable contract 





Adhesion Contract 


A type of contract, a legally binding agreement between two parties to do a certain thing, in which one side has 
all the bargaining power and uses it to write the contract primarily to his or her advantage. 


An example of an adhesion contract is a standardized contract form that offers goods or services to consumers 
on essentially a "take it or leave it" basis without giving consumers realistic opportunities to negotiate terms that 
would benefit their interests. When this occurs, the consumer cannot obtain the desired product or service unless 
he or she acquiesces to the form contract. 


There is nothing unenforceable or even wrong about adhesion contracts. In fact, most businesses would never 
conclude their volume of transactions if it were necessary to negotiate all the terms of every Consumer Credit 
contract. Insurance contracts and residential leases are other kinds of adhesion contracts. This does not mean, 
however, that all adhesion contracts are valid. Many adhesion contracts are Unconscionable; they are so unfair 
to the weaker party that a court will refuse to enforce them. An example would be severe penalty provisions for 
failure to pay loan installments promptly that are physically hidden by small print located in the middle of an 
obscure paragraph of a lengthy loan agreement. In such a case a court can find that there is no meeting of the 
minds of the parties to the contract and that the weaker party has not accepted the terms of the contract. 


West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved. 
adhesion contract (contract of adhesion) 


n. a contract (often a signed form) so imbalanced in favor of one party over the other that there is a strong 
implication it was not freely bargained. Example: a rich landlord dealing with a poor tenant who has no choice 
and must accept all terms of a lease, no matter how restrictive or burdensome, since the tenant cannot afford to 
move. An adhesion contract can give the little guy the opportunity to claim in court that the contract with the big 
shot is invalid. This doctrine should be used and applied more often, but the same big guy-little guy inequity may 
apply in the ability to afford a trial or find and pay a resourceful lawyer. (See: contract) 


Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved. 
[The Free Dictionary by Farlex: Adhesion Contract; Downloaded 10/9/2019; SOURCE: https://legal- 
dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Adhesion+Contract/ 





adhesion contract that will be extremely one-sided and will not only NOT "benefit" you (the "Buyer") in the aggregate, but 
will work an extreme injury, inequality, and injustice (Form #05.050) that God actually forbids: 


The temptation of the offer of the government franchise as an adhesion contract is exhaustively described, personified, and 
even dramatized in the following: 





De Facto Government Scam 69 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


23 
24 
25 
26 


27 
28 
29 
30 


31 
32 
33 
34 


35 
36 
37 


1. The Temptation of Jesus by Satan on the Mountain in Matthew 4:1-11. 
https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Matthew+4&version=NKJV 

2. Devil's Advocate: What We are Up Against, SEDM (OFFSITE LINK) 
https://sedm.org/what-we-are-up-against/ 

3. Philosophical Implications of the Temptation of Jesus, Stefan Molyneux 
https://sedm.org/philosophical-implications-of-the-temptation-of-jesus/ 

4. Social Security: Mark of the Beast, Form #11.407 
http://famguardian.org/Publications/SocialSecurity/TOC.htm 




















James Madison, whose notes were used to draft the Bill of Rights, predicted this perversion of the de jure Constitutional 
design, when he very insightfully said the following: 


“With respect to the words general welfare, I have always regarded them as qualified by the detail of powers 
connected with them. To take them in a literal and unlimited sense would be a metamorphosis of the Constitution 
into a character which there is a host of proofs was not contemplated by its creator.” 


“If Congress can employ money indefinitely to the general welfare, and are the sole and supreme judges of the 
general welfare, they may take the care of religion into their own hands; they may appoint teachers in every 
State, county and parish and pay them out of their public treasury; they may take into their own hands the 
education of children, establishing in like manner schools throughout the Union; they may assume the 
provision of the poor; they may undertake the regulation of all roads other than post-roads; in short, every 


thing, from the highest object of state legislation down to the most minute object of police, would be thrown 
under the power of Congress.... Were the power of Congress to be established in the latitude contended for, it 


would subvert the very foundations, and transmute the very nature of the limited Government established by 
the people of America.” 


“Tf Congress can do whatever in their discretion can be done by money, and will promote the general welfare, 
the government is no longer a limited one possessing enumerated powers, but an indefinite one subject to 
particular exceptions.” 

[James Madison. House of Representatives, February 7, 1792, On the Cod Fishery Bill, granting Bounties] 


The term “general welfare” is synonymous with "benefit" in franchise language. "general welfare" as used above is, in fact, 
the basis for the entire modern welfare state that will eventually lead to a massive financial collapse and crisis worldwide.’. 
Anyone who therefore supports such a system is ultimately an anarchist intent on destroying our present dysfunctional 
government and thereby committing the crime of Treason:® 





Socialism: The New American Civil Religion, Form #05.016 
https://sedm.org/Forms/05-MemLaw/SocialismCivilReligion.pdf 














The Bible also describes how to REVERSE this inversion, how to restore our constitutional rights, and how to put public 
servants back in their role as servants rather than masters. Note that accepting custody or “benefit” or grants of government 
property in effect behaves as an act of contracting, because it accomplishes the same effect, which is to create implied 
“obligations” in a legal sense: 


"For the Lord your God will bless you just as He promised you; you shall lend to many nations, but you shall 
not borrow; you shall reign over many nations, but they shall not reign over you." 
[Deut. 15:6, Bible, NKJV] 





7 For details on the devastating political effects of the modern welfare state, see: 





Communism, Socialism, Collectivism Page, Section 10: Welfare State, Family Guardian Fellowship, 
https://famguardian.org/Subjects/Communism/Communism.htm#Welfare_State 














8 Tn the landmark case of Steward Machine Co. v. Davis, 310 U.S. 548 (1937) legalizing social security, the U.S. Supreme 
Court had the following to say about the treason of inverting the relationship of the states to the federal government: 


“Tf the time shall ever arrive when, for an object appealing, however strongly, to our sympathies, the dignity of 
the States shall bow to the dictation of Congress by conforming their legislation thereto, when the power and 
majesty and honor of those who created shall become subordinate to the thing of their creation, I but feebly utter 


my apprehensions when express my firm conviction that we shall see ‘the beginning of the end.'” 
[Steward Machine Co. v. Davis, 310 U.S. 548, 606 (1937)] 


De Facto Government Scam 70 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 





2 "The Lord will open to you His good treasure, the heavens, to give the rain to your land in its season, and to bless 


3 all the work of your hand.  You_shall lend to many nations, but you shall not borrow.” 
4 [Deut. 28:12, Bible, NKJV] 


“You shall make no covenant [contract or franchise] with them [foreigners, pagans], nor with their [pagan 
government] gods [laws or judges]. They shall not dwell in your land [and you shall not dwell in theirs by 


5 

6 

7 becoming a “resident” or domiciliary in the process of contracting with them, lest they make you sin against 
8 Me [God]. For if you serve their [government] gods [under contract or agreement or franchise /, it will surely 
9 


be a snare to you.” 








10 [Exodus 23:32-33, Bible, NKJV] 

ul 

12 "I [God] brought you up from Egypt [slavery] and brought you to the land of which I swore to your fathers; and 
13 I said, 'I will never break My covenant with you. And you shall make no covenant [contract or franchise or 
14 agreement of ANY kind] with the inhabitants of this [corrupt pagan] land; you shall tear down their 
15 [man/government worshipping socialist] altars.’ But you have not obeyed Me. Why have you done this? 

16 "Therefore I also said, 'Lwill not drive them out before you; but they will become as thorns [terrorists and 
17 persecutors] in your side and their gods will be a snare [slavery!] to you.'" 

18 So it was, when the Angel of the LORD spoke these words to all the children of Israel, that the people lifted up 
19 their voices and wept. 

20 [Judges 2:1-4, Bible, NKJV] 


21 Following the above commandments requires not signing up for and quitting any and all government benefits and services 
2 you may have consensually signed up for or retained eligibility for. All such applications and/or eligibility is called “special 
23 law” in the legal field. 


24 “special law. One relating to particular persons or things; one made for individual cases or for particular places 
25 or districts; one operating upon a selected class, rather than upon the public generally. A private law. A law is 
26 "special" when it is different from others of the same general kind or designed for a particular purpose, or limited 
27 in range or confined to a prescribed field of action or operation. A "special law" relates to either particular 
28 persons, places, or things or to persons, places, or things which, though not particularized, are separated by any 
29 method of selection from the whole class to which the law might, but not such legislation, be applied. Utah Farm 
30 Bureau Ins. Co. v. Utah Ins. Guaranty Ass'n, Utah, 564 P.2d. 751, 754. A special law applies only to an individual 
31 or a number of individuals out of a single class similarly situated and affected, or to a special locality. Board of 
32 County Com'rs of Lemhi County v. Swensen, Idaho, 80 Idaho 198, 327 P.2d. 361, 362. See also Private bill; 
33 Private law. Compare General law; Public law.” 

34 [Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, pp. 1397-1398] 


35 We also prove that all such “special law” is not “law” in a classical sense, but rather an act of contracting, because it does not 
36 apply equally to all. It is what the U.S. Supreme Court referred to as “class legislation” in Pollock v. Farmers Loan and Trust 
37 in which they declared the first income tax unconstitutional: 


“a 





38 ‘The income tax law under consideration is marked by discriminating features which affect the whole law. 
39 It discriminates between those who receive an income of four thousand dollars and those who do not. It 
40 thus vitiates, in my judgment, by this arbitrary discrimination, the whole legislation. Hamilton says in one 
41 of his papers, (the Continentalist,) "the genius of liberty reprobates everything arbitrary or discretionary in 
42 taxation. It exacts that every man, by a definite and general rule, should know what proportion of his property 
43 the State demands; whatever liberty we may boast of in theory, it cannot exist in fact while [arbitrary] assessments 
44 continue." I Hamilton's Works, ed. 1885, 270. The legislation, in the discrimination it makes, is class legislation. 
45 Whenever a distinction is made in the burdens a law imposes or in the benefits it confers on any citizens by 
46 reason of their birth, or wealth, or religion, it is class legislation, and leads inevitably to oppression and 
47 abuses, and to general unrest and disturbance in society [e.g. wars, political conflict, violence, anarchy]. /t 
48 was hoped and believed that the great amendments to the Constitution which followed the late civil war had 
49 rendered such legislation impossible for all future time. But the objectionable legislation reappears in the act 
50 under consideration. It is the same in essential character as that of the English income statute of 1691, which 
51 taxed Protestants at a certain rate, Catholics, as a class, at double the rate of Protestants, and Jews at another 
52 and separate rate. Under wise and constitutional legislation every citizen should contribute his proportion, 
53 however small the sum, to the support of the government, and it is no kindness to urge any of our citizens to 
54 escape from that obligation. If he contributes the smallest mite of his earnings to that purpose he will have a 
55 greater regard for the government and more self-respect 597*597 for himself feeling that though he is poor in 
56 fact, he is not a pauper of his government. And it is to be hoped that, whatever woes and embarrassments may 





De Facto Government Scam 71 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


23 


24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 


36 


w 
x 


38 


39 
40 
4l 


42 


betide our people, they may never lose their manliness and self-respect. Those qualities preserved, they will 
ultimately triumph over all reverses of fortune.” 
[Pollock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Co., 157 U.S. 429 (Supreme Court 1895)] 


To realistically apply the above biblical prohibitions against contracting with any government so as to eliminate the reversal 
of roles and destroy the dulocracy, see: 





Path to Freedom, Form #09.015 
https://sedm.org/Forms/09-Procs/PathToFreedom.pdf 











Section 5 of the above document in particular deals with how to eliminate the dulocracy. Section 5.6 also discusses the above 
mechanisms. 


The idea of a present day dulocracy is entirely consistent with the theme of our website, which is the abuse of government 
franchises and privileges to destroy PRIVATE rights, STEAL private property, promote unhappiness, and inject malice and 
vitriol into the political process, as documented in: 





Government Instituted Slavery Using Franchises, Form #05.030 
FORMS PAGE: https://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 
DIRECT LINK: https://sedm.org/Forms/05-MemLaw/Franchises.pdf 




















The U.S. Supreme Court and the Bible both predicted these negative and unintended consequences of the abuse of government 
franchises, when they said: 


“Here I close my opinion. I could not say less in view of questions of such gravity that they go down to the very 
foundations of the government. /f the provisions of the Constitution can be set aside by an act of Congress, 
where is the course of usurpation to end? 


The present assault upon capital [THEFT! and WEALTH TRANSFER by unconstitutional CONVERSION of 
PRIVATE property to PUBLIC property] is but the beginning. It will be but the stepping stone to others larger 
and more sweeping, until our political contest will become war of the poor against the rich; a war of growing 
intensity and bitterness.” 

[Pollock v. Farmers’ Loan & Trust Co., 157 U.S. 429, 158 U.S. 601 (1895), hearing the case against the first 
income tax passed by Congress that included people in states of the Union. They declared that first income tax 
UNCONSTITUTIONAL, by the way] 








“Where do wars and fights come from among you? Do they not come from your desires for pleasure [unearned 
money or “benefits”, privileges, or franchises, from the government] that war in your members [and your 


democratic governments]? You lust [after other people's money] and do not have. You murder [the unborn to 
increase your standard of living] and covet [the unearned] and cannot obtain [except by empowering your 
government to STEAL for you!]. You fight and war [against the rich and the nontaxpayers to subsidize your 
idleness]. Yet you do not have because you do not ask [the Lord, but instead ask the deceitful government]. You 
ask and do not receive, because you ask amiss, that you may spend it on your pleasures. Adulterers and 
adulteresses! Do you not know that friendship [statutory “citizenship”] with the world [or the governments o, 

the world] is enmity with God? Whoever therefore wants to be a friend [STATUTORY “citizen”, “resident”, 
“inhabitant”, “person” franchisee] of the world [or the governments of the world] makes himself an enemy of 
God.” 

[James 4:4, Bible, NKJV] 








The “foundations of the government” spoken of above are PRIVATE property, separation between public and private, and 
equality of treatment and opportunity, which collectively are called “legal justice”, as we point out on our opening page: 


Our ministry accomplishes the above goals by emphasizing: 


12. The pursuit of legal “justice” (Form #05.050), which means absolutely owned private property (Form 
#10.002), and equality of TREATMENT and OPPORTUNITY (Form #05.033) under REAL LAW (Form 
#05.048). The following would be INJUSTICE, not JUSTICE: 


12.1 Outlawing or refusing to recognize or enforce absolutely owned private property (Form #12.025). 








De Facto Government Scam 72 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


CmArXID 


33 
34 
35 
36 


37 
38 
39 
40 


4l 


42 
43 
44 
45 


12.2 Imposing equality of OUTCOME by law, such as by abusing taxing powers to redistribute wealth. See Form 
#11.302. 


12.3 Any attempt by government to use judicial process or administrative enforcement to enforce any civil 
obligation derived from any source OTHER than express written consent or to an injury against the equal rights 
of others demonstrated with court admissible evidence. See Form #09.073 and Form #12.040. 


12.4 Offering, implementing, or enforcing any civil franchise (Form #05.030). This enforces superior powers on 
the part of the government as a form of inequality and results in religious idolatry. This includes making justice 
into a civil public privilege (Form #05.050, Section 13) or turning CONSTITUTIONAL PRIVATE citizens into 
STATUTORY PUBLIC citizens engaged in a public office and a franchise (Form #05.006). 


Not only would the above be INJUSTICE, it would outlaw HAPPINESS, because the right to absolutely own 
private property is equated with “the pursuit of happiness” in the Declaration of Independence, according to the 
U.S. Supreme Court. See Form #05.050 for the definition of “justice”. Click here to view a video on why all 
franchises produce selfishness, unhappiness, inequality, and ingratitude. 

[SEDM Website Opening Page; SOURCE: http://sedm.org] 


Too many public servants have assumed absolute authority over the people they are supposed to serve. This REVERSAL of 
roles and making the SERVANTS into the MASTERS was never the intent of the Founding Fathers who established the 
American governments as republics where the rights of the people are to be paramount and the sovereignty of the governments 
are limited by the rights of the people. Sovereignty in America is not based on the same premise as sovereignty in Europe. 
Sovereignty in Europe was based on the notion of the Divine Right of Kings where the king's sovereignty was absolute and 
the people were his subjects. Sovereignty in America is based on the notion that citizens are endowed by the Creator with 
unalienable rights and then lend their permission to the governments to carry out certain, limited responsibilities on their 
behalf. In a republican form of government, the government is never allowed to overstep its authority or trample on the rights 
of the citizen no matter how egalitarian the political arguments may be. 


Jesus Himself also emphasized that public SERVANTS should never become RULERS or have superior authority to the 
people they are supposed to SERVE when He said the following. 


“You know that the rulers of the Gentiles [unbelievers] lord it over them [govern from ABOVE as pagan idols] , 
and those who are great exercise authority over them [supernatural powers that are the object of idol worship]. 


Yet it shall not be so among you; but whoever desires to become great among you, let him be your servant 
[serve the sovereign people from BELOW rather than rule from above]. And whoever desires to be first 
among you, let him be your slave—just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to 


give His life a ransom for many.” 
[Matt. 20:25-28, Bible, NKJV] 





Notice the word “ransom for many” in the above. This is an admission that Jesus acknowledges that cunning public servant 
lawyers have KIDNAPPED our legal identity from the protection of God’s law and that legal identity has been transported 
to a legislatively foreign jurisdiction, the District of Criminals. We exhaustively prove this with evidence in the following 
memorandum of law: 





Government Identity Theft, Form #05.046 
https://sedm.org/Forms/05-MemLaw/GovernmentldentityTheft.pdf 

















Jesus also states in Matt. 20:25-28 that it is the DUTY and obligation of every Christian to fight this corruption of our political 
system. The Holy Bible is our Delegation of Authority to do precisely this, in fact, and to restore God to His proper role as 
the ruler of ALL nations and ALL politicians and the only rightful Lawgiver of all human law. That delegation of authority 
is described in: 





Delegation of Authority Order from God to Christians, Form #13.007 
https://sedm.org/Forms/13-SelfFamilyChurchGovnce/DelOfAuthority.pdf 














6.4.3 Graphical Depiction of the Corruption 


With the above in mind, we will now add all of the corrupting influences accomplished to our system of government over the 
years. These are shown with dashed lines representing the application of unlawful or immoral force or fraud. The hollow 
end of each line indicates the sovereign against which the force or fraud is applied. The number above or next to the dotted 
line indicates the item in the table that follows the diagram which explains each incidence of force or fraud. 





De Facto Government Scam 73 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Figure 2: Graphical depiction of the process of corruption 













soils tbeaecta distended Symbology: 
Act of creation ——_»> 
Loss of sovereignty —_-__—» x 
Force or fraud —.....--- = > 








"WE THE PEOPLE" 


The People 
(as individuals) 


Q: 


Families Trial | pt Elections pilates 
Jury |: schools 


S a 4 











: UNION STATES ("states") 


Constitution 








i Executive Judicial Legislative 
Branch Branch Branch 






Deacons/ 
Leaders 





o} 


Sheep/ 
flock 

















a [ieeesseioaess: Executive Judicial Legislative HO} ~, 
petgerapente *Meeseseteees-) Branch Branch Branch 9 pot pot 























| Fall from 
. | grace to 


| ' put churches Separation of: 
| | under 


-; government , Church v. State 
Liurisiction _| | 


I 
fe a a ee ee ed ere 2 | 








Federal "U.S. 
"States"/ citizens"/ = }— - 
territories idolaters 


Federal 
Corporations 




















Below is a table explaining each incidence of force or fraud that corrupted the originally perfect system: 





De Facto Government Scam 74 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


1 


Table 1: Specific instances of force, fraud, and conflict of interest that corrupted our political system 


# Year(s) Acting 

(on Sovereignty/ 
diagram agent 
above) 


1 1868 State legislatures 
State judges 
Federal legislature 
Federal judges 


2 1913 Corporations/ 
businesses/and 


special interests 


3 1911- Federal legislature 
1939 


De Facto Government Scam 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 


Law(s) 
violated 


18 U.S.C. §241 
(conspiracy against 
rights) 

Thirteenth Amendment 
(slavery and 
peonage) 

42 U.S.C. §1994 
(peonage) 

18 U.S.C. §1581 
(peonage/slavery) 

18 U.S.C. §2381 


(treason) 


18 U.S.C. §201 (bribery 
of public officials) 

Const. Art. 1, Sect. 2 
Clause 3 (direct 
taxes) 

Const. Art. 1, Sect. 9 
Clause 4 (direct 
taxes) 

18 U.S.C. §219 
(government 
employees acting as 
agents of foreign 
principals-Federal 
Reserve) 


28 U.S.C. §144 
(conflict of interest 
of federal judges) 

28 U.S.C. §455 
(conflict of interest 
of federal judges) 


Explanation 


After the civil war, the 14" Amendment was passed in 1868. That amendment along with "words of art" were used as a 
means to deceive constitutional citizens to falsely believe that they were also privileged statutory "U.S. citizens" pursuant to 
8 U.S.C. §1401, and thus to unconstitutionally extent federal jurisdiction and enforce federal franchises within states of the 
Union. The citizenship status described in that amendment was only supposed to apply to emancipated slaves but the federal 
government in concert with the states confused the law and the interpretation of the law enough that everyone thought they 
were statutory federal citizens rather than the “non-citizen nationals” immune from federal jurisdiction, which is foreign with 
respect to states of the Union. This put Americans in the states in a privileged federal status and put them under the 
jurisdiction of the federal government. At the point that Americans voluntarily and unknowingly accept privileged federal 
citizenship, they lose their sovereignty and go to the bottom of the sovereignty hierarchy. State courts and state legislatures 
cooperated in this conspiracy against rights by requiring electors and jurists to be presumed statutory “U.S. citizens” in order 
to serve. At the same time, they didn’t define the term “U.S. citizen” in their election laws or voter registration, creating a 
“presumption” in favor of people believing that they are statutory “citizens of the United States”, even though technically 

they are not. 

Around the turn of the century, the gilded age created a lot of very wealthy people and big corporations. The corrupting 
influence of the money they had lead them to dominate the U.S. senate and the Republican party., which was the majority 
party at the time The people became restless because they were paying most of the taxes indirectly via tariffs on imported 
goods while the big corporations were paying very little. This lead to a vote by Congress to send the new Sixteenth 
Amendment to the states for ratification. Corporations heavily influenced this legislation so that it would favor taxing 
individuals instead of corporations, which lead the Republicans in the Senate to word the Amendment ambiguously so that it 
could or would be misconstrued to apply to natural persons instead of the corporations it was really intended to apply to by 
the American people. This created much subsequent litigation and confusion on the part of the Average American about 
exactly what the taxing powers of Congress are, and gave Congressman a lot of wiggle room to misrepresent the purpose of 
the Sixteenth Amendment to their constituents. Today, Congressmen use the ambiguity of the Amendment to regularly lie to 
their Constituents by saying that the “Sixteenth Amendment” authorizes Congress to tax the income of every American. This 
is an absolute lie and is completely inconsistent with the rulings of the U.S. Supreme Court. Courts below the Supreme Court 
have also used the same ambiguity mechanism to expand the operation of the income tax beyond its clearly limited 
application to the federal zone. During the same year as the Sixteenth Amendment was ratified, in 1913, the Congress also 
passed the Federal Reserve Act immediately after the Sixteenth Amendment. By doing this, they surrendered their control 
over the money system to a consortium of private banks. The Sixteenth Amendment was passed first in February of 1913 
because it was the lender-security for the Non-Federal Reserve that would be needed to create a “credit line” and collateral. 
The Federal Reserve Act was passed in December of that same year. At that point, the Congress had an unlimited private 
credit line from commercial banks and a means to print as much money as they wanted in order to fund socialist expansion of 
the government. But remember that the bible says: 


“The rich ruleth over the poor, and the borrower [is] servant to the lender.” 

[Prov. 22:7] 
In 1911, the U.S. Congress passed the Judicial Code of 1911 and thereby made all District and Circuit courts into entirely 
administrative courts which had jurisdiction over only the federal zone. All the federal courts except the U.S. Supreme Court 
changed character from being Article III courts to Article IV territorial courts only. All the district courts were renamed from 
“District Court of the United States” to “United States District Court”. The Supreme Court said in Balzac v. Porto Rico, 258 
US. 298 (1922) that the “United States District Court” is an Article IV territorial court, not an Article II constitutional 
court. Consequently, all the federal courts excepting the Supreme Court became administrative courts that were part of the 
Executive rather than the Judicial Branch of the government and all the judges became Executive Branch employees. See our 
article “Authorities on Jurisdiction of Federal Courts” 








75 of 390 


EXHIBIT: 


# Year(s) Acting Law(s) Explanation 
(on Sovereignty/ violated 

diagram agent 

above) 


(http://famguardian.org/Subjects/LawAndGovt/ChallJurisdiction/AuthoritiesArticle/AuthOnJurisdiction.htm) for further 
details. 

The Revenue Act of 1932 than tried to apply income taxes against federal judges. The purpose was to put them under 
complete control of the Executive Branch through terrorism and extortion by the IRS. This was litigated by the Supreme 
Court in 1932 in the case of O'Malley v. Woodrough, 309 U.S. 277 (1939) just before the war started. The court ruled that 
the Executive Branch couldn’t unilaterally modify the terms of their employment contracts, so they rewrote the tax law to go 





around it subsequent to that by only taxing NEW federal judges and leaving the existing ones alone so as not to violate the 
Constitutional prohibition against reducing judges salaries. Since that time, federal judges have been beholden to the greed 
and malice of the Legislative branch because they are under IRS control. This occurred at a time when we had a very popular 
socialist President who threatened the Supreme Court if they didn’t go along with his plan to replace capitalism with 
socialism, starting with Social Security. President Roosevelt tried to retire all the U.S. Supreme Court justices and then 
double the size of the court and pack the court with all of his own socialist cronies in a famous coup called “The Roosevelt 
Supreme Court Packing Plan”. 


1939- Federal executive 28 U.S.C. §144 Right after the Supreme Court case of O’Malley v. Woodrough in 1939, the U.S. Congress wasted no time in passing a new 
Present branch (conflict of interest Revenue Act that skirted the findings of the Supreme Court’s that declared income taxes levied against them to be 
of federal judges) unconstitutional. In effect, they made the payment of income taxes by federal judges an implied part of their employment 
28 U.S.C. §455 agreement as “appointed officers” of the United States government in receipt of federal privileges. Once the judges were 
(conflict of interest under control of the IRS, they could be terrorized and plundered if they did not cooperate with the enforcement of federal 
of federal judges) income taxes. This also endowed all federal judges with an implied conflict of interest in violation of 28 U.S.C. §455 and 28 
Separation of powers U.S.C. §144 


Doctrine 


5 1939- Federal legislative | Const. Art. 1, Sect. 2 The Revenue Act of 1939 passed by the U.S. Congress instituted a very oppressive income tax to fund the upcoming World 
Present branch Clause 3 War Il effort. It was called the “Victory Tax” and it was a voluntary withholding effort, but after the war and after people on 
Const. Art. 1, Sect. 9 a large scale got used to sending their money to Washington, D.C. every month through payroll withholding, the politicians 
Clause 4 cleverly decided not to tell them the truth that it was voluntary. The politicians then began rewriting the tax laws to further 
18 U.S.C. §1589(3) confuse and deceive people and hide the truth about the voluntary nature of the income tax. This included the Internal 
(forced labor) Revenue Codes of 1954 and 1986, which were major updates of the IRC that further hid the truth from the legal profession 
and added so much complexity to the tax laws that no one even understands them anymore. 
1950- Federal executive 18 U.S.C. §597 Federal government uses income tax revenues after World War II to begin socialist subsidies, starting with Lyndon Johnson’s 
Present branch (expenditures to “Great Society” plan. Instead of paying off the war debt and ending the income tax like we did after the Civil war in 1872, 
influence voting) the government adopted socialism and borrowed itself into a deep hole, following the illustrious example of Franklin 
18 U.S.C. §872 Roosevelt’s “New Deal” program. This socialist expansion was facilitated by the enactment of the Federal Reserve Act of 
(extortion) 1913, which gave the government unlimited borrowing power. The income tax, however, had to continue because it was the 
18 U.S.C. §880 “lender security” for the PRIVATE Federal Reserve banking trust that was creating all this debt and fake money. The 
(receiving the income tax had the effect of making all Americans into surety for government debts they never authorized. The Civil Rights 
proceeds of movement of the 1960’s accelerated the growth of the socialist cancer to cause voters to abuse their power to elect politicians 
extortion) who would subsidize and expand the welfare-state concept. 
18 U.S.C. §1957 
(Engaging in “Democracy has never been and never can be so desirable as aristocracy or monarchy, but while it lasts, 
monetary is more bloody than either. Remember, democracy never lasts long. It soon wastes, exhausts, and murders 
transactions in itself. There never was a democracy that never did commit suicide." 
property derived [John Adams, 1815] 
from specified 
unlawful activity) 


1939- Trial jury 18 U.S.C. §2111 Trial juries filled with people receiving government socialist handouts (money STOLEN from hard-working Americans) vote 
Present (robbery) against tax protesters to illegally enforce the income tax laws, and especially in the case of the wealthy. Trial by jury 


De Facto Government Scam 76 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 





# Year(s) Acting Law(s) 
(on Sovereignty/ violated 
diagram agent 


1960- Federal 18 U.S.C. §873 
Present government (blackmail) 


1980’s- Federal executive 18 U.S.C. §208 
Present branch (conflict of interest) 


18 U.S.C. §872 


(extortion) 


18 U.S.C. §876 
(mailing threatening 
communications) 


10 1960- Federal judicial God’s laws (bible) 
Present branch 
11 2000- State executive 18 U.S.C. §208 (acts 
Present branch affecting a personal 
financial interest) 





De Facto Government Scam 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 


Explanation 


becomes MOB RULE and a means to mug and rob the producers of society. The jurists are also under duress by the judge, 

who does not allow evidence to be admitted that would be prejudicial to government (or his retirement check) and who 

makes cases unpublished where the government lost on income tax issues. Because these same jurists were also educated in 

public schools, they are easily lead like sheep to do the government’s dirty work of plundering their fellow citizens by 

upholding a tax that is actually voluntary. The result is slavery of wage earners and the rich to the IRS. The war of the 

“have-nots” and the “haves” using the taxing authority of the government continues on and expands. 

The federal government begins using income tax revenues and socialist welfare programs to manipulate the states. For 

instance: 

1. They made it mandatory for states to require people getting drivers licenses to provide a Socialist Security Number or 
their welfare subsidies would be cut off. 

2. They encourage states to require voters and jurists to be “U.S. citizens” in order to serve these functions so that they 
would also be put under federal jurisdiction. 

3. They mandate that all persons receiving welfare benefits or unemployment benefits that include federal subsidies to have 
Socialist Security Numbers. 

IRS abuses its power to manipulate and silence churches that speak out about government abuses or are politically active. 

This has the effect of making the churches politically irrelevant forces in our society so that the government would have no 

competition for the affections and the allegiance of the people. 


Federal judiciary eliminates God and prayer in the schools. This leaves kids in a spiritual vacuum. Drugs, sex, teenage 
pregnancy run rampant. Families begin breaking apart. God is blasphemed. Single parents raise an increasing number of 
kids and these children don’t have the balance they need in the family to have proper sex roles. Gender identity crisis and 
psychology problems result, causing homosexuality to run rampant. This further accelerates the breakdown of the family 
because these dysfunctional kids have dysfunctional families of their own. Because God is not in the schools, eventually the 
people begin to reject God as well. This expands the power of government because when the people aren’t governed by God, 
they are ruled by tyrants and become peasants and serfs eventually. That is how the Israelites ended up in bondage to the 
Egyptians: because they would not serve God or trust him for their security. They wanted a big powerful Egyptian 
government to take care of them and be comfortable and safe, which was idolatry toward government. 

The state executive branches abuse their power to set very high licensing requirements for home schools and private schools, 
backed by teachers’ unions and contributions of these unions to their political campaigns. Licensing requirements become so 
high that only public schools have the capital to comply, virtually eliminating private and home schooling. Teachers and 
inferior environment in public schools further contributes to bad education and liberal socialist values, further eroding 
sovereignty of the people and making them easy prey for sly politicians who want to enslave them with more unjust laws and 
expand their fiefdom. Government continues to grow in power and rights and liberties simultaneously erode further. 





77 of 390 


EXHIBIT: 


After our corrupt politicians are finished socially re-engineering our system of government using the tax code and a corrupted 
federal judiciary, below is what happens to our original republican government system. This is what we refer to as the “De 
facto U.S. Government”. It has replaced our “De jure U.S. Government” not through operation of law, but through fraud, 
force, and corruption. One of or our readers calls this new architecture for social organization “The New Civil Religion of 
Socialism”, where the collective will of the majority or whatever the judge says is sovereign, not God, and is the object of 
worship and servitude in courtrooms all over the country, who are run by devil-worshipping modern-day monarchs called 
“judges”. These tyrants wear black-robes and chant in Latin and perform exorcism on hand-cuffed subjects to remove 
imaginary “demons” from the people that are defined by majority vote among a population of criminals (by God’s law), 
homosexuals, drug abusers, adulterers, and atheists. The vilification of these demons are also legislated into existence with 
*yudge-made law”, which is engineered to maximize litigation and profits to the legal industry. The legal industry, in turn, 
has been made into a part of the government because it is licensed and regulated by government. This profession “worships” 
the judge as an idol and is comprised of golf and law school buddies and fellow members of the American Bar Association, 
who hobnob with the judge and do whatever he says or risk having their attorney license pulled. In this totalitarian socialist 
democracy/oligarchy shown below, the people have no_ inalienable or God-given individual _rights,, but only statutory 
“privileges” and franchises granted by the will of the majority that are excise taxable. After all, when God and Truth are 
demoted to being a selfish creation of man and a politically correct vain fantasy, then the concept of “divine right” vanishes 
entirely from our political system. 


Figure 3: Our present SOCIALIST Oligarchy 





De Facto Government Scam 78 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


N 


nA vn w 


De Facto Government Scam 


Luke 16:13: "No servant can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one 
and love the other, or else he will be loyal to the one and despise the other.." 










Symbology: 


Act of creation —____» 
Illegalact ——_——p 















BANKS 
(Federal Reserve) 


THE COLLECTIVE 
MAJORITY (democracy) 





Extortion/force/sin — --------------- 














"THE BEAST" 
(Rev. 13:11-18) _ Judicial (Modern day king/ 
Bribery to maintain and Branch monarch) 
"The love of money expand socialism 
is the root of all evil"| Using illegally obtained 
(1 Tim. 6:10) income tax revenues 


Executive 
Branch Legal Legislative 


Profession Branch 


A Bribery to expand power/ 
socialism with unjust law 


Stolen "loot" as 
($) subsidies for 
socialist programs 














Federal 
"States"/ 
territories 







Federal 
Corporations 




















See: Prov. 22:7; Deut. 15:16, Deut. 23:19 


































































Io 2 
fo © 
THE CHURCH | | $) | SOCIALIST FIEFDOMS ai 
i I Hi 
i 1 1 .. | (formerly "states") si 
i | 5 oO; 
PASTOR ehecccvnnfpeseeneseee iy a 8 Judicial QO} 
a ot 18s Branch i 
Sid I s 5 
Ei Sl £3 
Deacons/ gi al Is 5 
Leaders a =) fe 8 Executive Legal Legislative 
xi > 2G Branch Profession Branch 
O: QI lg 7 
Sheep/ g S 13 5 
flock 3 Bl loo 
=i S| los Bribery using money stolen from the } 
acl 2 8 ® rich and given to the poor "majority" : 
Bz! [a ® to buy votes that support socialism. i 
=o 
god 
(servant of the "WE THE PEOPLE" (GOVERNMENT SERFS) 
walnis . the The People "BABYLON THE 
people) GREAT HARLOT" 


(U.S. citizens/idolaters) 


(Rev. 17:1-6) 


god's law/bible 
(as amended to Dysfunctional Elections Private 
be politically Families schools 


correct) 




















In the above diagram, all people in receipt of federal funds stolen through illegally collected or involuntarily paid federal 
income taxes effectively become federal “employees”. They identified themselves as such when they filed their W-4 payroll 
withholding form, which is a contract that says on the top “Employee Withholding Allowance Certificate”. The Internal 
Revenue Code identifies “employee” to mean someone who works for the federal government in 26 U.S.C. §3401(c). These 
federal “employees” are moral and spiritual “whores” and “harlots”. They are just like Judas or Essau...they exchanged the 





Truth for a lie and liberty for slavery and they did it mainly for money and personal security. They are: 





Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


79 of 390 


24 
25 


26 
27 


32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 


38 


39 
40 


4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 


So concerned about avoiding being terrorized by their government or the IRS for “making waves”. 

So immobilized by their own fear and ignorance that they don’t dare do anything. 

So addicted to sin and other unhealthy distractions that they don’t have the time to do justice. 

So poor that they can’t afford an expensive lawyer to be able to right the many wrongs imposed on them by a corrupted 

government. Justice is a luxury that only the rich can afford in our society. 

5. So legally ignorant, thanks to our public “fool”, I mean “school” system that they aren’t able to right their wrongs on 
their own in court without a lawyer. 

6. So afraid of corrupt judges and lawyers who are bought and paid for with money that they stole from hardworking 
Americans in illegally enforcing what is actually a voluntary Subtitle A income against those who in fact and indeed 
can only be described per the law as “nontaxpayers” 

7. So unable to take care of their own needs because: 

7.1. Most of their money has been plundered by a government unable and unwilling to control its spending. 

7.2. They have allowed themselves to depend too much on government and allowed too much of their own hard- 
eared money to be stolen from them. 

7.3. They spent everything they had and went deep in debt to buy things they didn't need. 

8. So covetous of that government welfare or socialist security or unemployment check or paycheck that comes in the 

mail every month. 


PO he 


...that they wouldn’t dare upset the apple cart or try to right the many wrongs that maintain the status quo by doing justice as 
a voter or jurist. As long as they get their socialist handout and they live comfortably on the “loot” their “Parens Patriae”, or 
“Big Brother” sends them, they don’t care that massive injustice is occurring in courtrooms and at the IRS every day and that 
they are sanctioning, aiding, and abetting that injustice as voters and jurists with a financial conflict of interest in criminal 
violation of 18 U.S.C. §§201 and 208. In effect, they are bribed to look the other way while their own government loots and 
oppresses their neighbor and then uses that loot to buy votes and influence. 


“Thou shalt not steal.” 
[Exodus 20:15, Bible, NKJV] 





"For all the law is fulfilled in one word, even in this: “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” 
[Gal 5:14, Bible, NKJV] 





Would you rob your neighbor? No you say? Well then, would you look the other way while someone else robs him in your 
name? Government is YOUR AGENT. If government robs your neighbor, God will hold you, not the agent who did it for 
you, personally responsible, because government is your agent. God put you in charge of your government and you are the 
steward. Frederic Bastiat described the nature of this horrible corruption of the system in the following book on our website: 





The Law, by Frederic Bastiat 
http://famguardian.org/Publications/TheLaw/TheLaw.htm 











If you want to know what the above type of government is like spiritually, economically, and politically, read the first-hand 
accounts in the Book of Judges found in the Bible. Corruption, sin, servitude, violence, and wars characterize this notable 
and most ignominious period and “social experiment” as documented in the Bible. Now do you understand why God’s law 
mandates that we serve ONLY Him and not be slaves of man or government? When we don’t, the above totalitarian socialist 
democracy/tyranny is the result, where politicians and judges in government become the only sovereign and the people are 
there to bow down to and “worship” and serve an evil and corrupt government as slaves. 


6.4.4 God's Remedy for the Corruption 


Below is the way God himself describes the corrupted dilemma we find ourselves in because we have abandoned the path 
laid by our founding fathers, as described in Isaiah 1:1-26: 


Alas, sinful nation 

A people laden with iniquity 
A brood of evildoers 
Children who are corrupters! 
They have forsaken the Lord 


They have provoked to anger 
The Holy One of Israel, 
They have turned away backward. 





De Facto Government Scam 80 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


RwNe 


24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 


35 
36 


37 
38 


39 
40 
4l 


42 
43 
44 


45 


47 
48 
49 


50 
51 
52 
53 


Why should you be stricken again? 
You will revolt more and more. 
The whole head is sick [they are out of their minds!: insane or STUPID or both], 


And the whole heart faints... 


Wash yourselves, make yourselves clean; 

Put away the evil of your doings from before My eyes. 

Cease to do evil, 

Learn to do good; 

Seek justice 

Rebuke the oppressor [the IRS and the Federal Reserve and a corrupted judicial system]; 


Defend the fatherless, 


Plead for the widow [and the " nontaxpayer"].... 





How the faithful city has become a harlot! 

It [the Constitutional Republic] was full of justice; 

Righteousness lodged in it, 

But now murderers [and abortionists, and socialists, and democrats, and liars and corrupted judges]. 
Your silver has become dross, 

Your wine mixed with water. 

Your princes [President, Congressmen, Judges] are rebellious, 

Everyone loves bribes, 

And follows after rewards. 

They do not defend the fatherless, 


nor does the cause of the widow [or the “nontaxpayer”’] come before them. 


Therefore the Lord says, 
The Lord of hosts, the Mighty One of Israel, 


"Ah, I will rid Myself of My adversaries, 
And take vengeance on My enemies. 


I will turn My hand against you, 
And thoroughly purge away your dross, 


And take away your alloy. 

I will restore your judges [eliminate the BAD judges] as at the first, 
And your counselors [eliminate the BAD lawyers] as at the beginning. 
Afterward you shall be called the city of righteousness, the faithful city." 
[Isaiah 1:1-26, Bible, NKJV] 














So according to the Bible, the real problem is corrupted lawyers and judges and people who are after money and rewards. . 
For evidence of exactly what about them he thinks became corrupted, see: 





Who Where the Pharisees and the Saducees?, Form #05.047 
https://sedm.org/Forms/05-MemLaw/WhoWerePharisees.pdf 














God furthermore says in the Isaiah scripture above that the way to fix the corruption and graft is to eliminate the bad judges 
and lawyers. Whose job is that? It is the even more corrupted Congress! (see 28 U.S.C. §134(a) and 28 U.S.C. §44(b)) 


"O My people! Those who lead you cause you to err, 
And destroy the way of your paths." 
[Isaiah 3:12, Bible, NKJV] 





"The king establishes the land by justice; but he who receives bribes [or government "benefits", if paid to 
voters, jurists, judges, or prosecutors] overthrows it." 
[Prov. 29:4, Bible, NKJV] 





Can thieves and corrupted judges and lawyers and jurors, who are all bribed with unlawfully collected monies they lust after 
in the pursuit of socialist benefits, reform themselves if left to their own devices? 


"When you [the jury] saw a thief [the corrupted judges and lawyers paid with extorted and stolen tax money], 
you consented with him, And have been a partaker with adulterers." 
[Psalm 50:18, Bible, NKJV] 





'The people will be oppressed, 
Every one by another and every one by his [socialist] neighbor [sitting on a jury who 
was indoctrinated and brainwashed in a government school to trust government]; 


The child will be insolent toward the elder, 





De Facto Government Scam 81 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


oid An sw 


29 


30 
31 
32) 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 


38 


39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 


44 
45 
46 
47 


And the base toward the honorable." 
[Isaiah 3:5, Bible, NKJV] 





"It must be conceded that there are rights [and property] in every free government beyond the control of the State 
[or any judge or jury]. A government which recognized no such rights, which held the lives, liberty and property 
of its citizens, subject at all times to the disposition and unlimited control of even the most democratic depository 
of power, is after all a despotism. It is true that it is a despotism of the many--of the majority, if you choose to 
call it so--but it is not the less a despotism." 

[Loan Ass'n v. Topeka, 87 U.S. (20 Wall.) 655, 665 (1874) ] 


The answer is an emphatic no. It is up to We The People as the sovereigns in charge of our lawless government to right this 
massive injustice because a corrupted legislature and judiciary and the passive socialist voters in charge of the government 
today simply cannot remedy their own addiction to the money that was stolen from their neighbor by the criminals they 
elected into office. These elected representatives were supposed to be elected to serve and protect the people, but they have 
become the worst abusers of the people because they only got into politics and government for selfish reasons. Notice we 
didn't say they got into "public service", because we would be lying to call it that. It would be more accurate to call what 
they do "self-service" instead of "public service". One of our readers has a name for these kinds of people. He calls them 
SLAT: Scum, Liars, and Thieves. If you add up all the drug money, all the stolen property, all the white collar crime together, 
it would all pale in comparison to the “extortion under the color of law” that our own de facto government is instituting 
against its own people. If we solve no crime problem other than that one problem, then the government will have done the 
most important thing it can do to solve our crime problem and probably significantly reduce the prison population at the same 
time. There are lots of people in jail who were put there wrongfully for income tax crimes that aren’t technically even crimes. 
These people were maliciously prosecuted by a corrupted Satan worshipping DOJ with the complicity of a corrupted judiciary 
and they MUST be freed because they have become slaves and political prisoners of a corrupted state for the sake of statutes 
that operate as the equivalent of a "civil religion" and which are not and cannot be law in their case. That's right: the corrupted 
state has erected a counterfeit church and religion that is a cheap imitation of God's design complete with churches, prayers, 
priests, deacons, tithes, and even its own "Bible" (franchise) and they have done so in violation of the First Amendment. The 
nature of that civil religion is exhaustively described below: 





Socialism: The New American Civil Religion, Form #05.016 
DIRECT LINK: http://sedm.org/Forms/05-MemLaw/SocialismCivilReligion.pdf (OFFSITE LINK) 
FORMS PAGE: http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm (OFFSITE) 

















Why does God describe the source of the corruption as bad lawyers and judges instead of the people accepting the franchises 
as "Buyers", you might ask? The answer is that: 


1. The Constitution and the Declaration of Independence recognize natural rights as INALIENABLE. See 

Unalienable Rights Course, Form #12.038 

https://sedm.org/LibertyU/UnalienableRights.pdf 

2. An INALIENABLE right is one that YOU AREN'T ALLOWED BY LAW to consent (Form #05.003) to give away. 

3. If you can't even lawfully consent (Form #05.003) to give away the right, then you can never lose it or contract it away 
by participating in a government franchise (Form #05.030) or accepting a grant/rental of government property. 

4. The fact that judges and lawyers ALLOW inalienable rights (Form #12.038) to be given away in a place where they 
aren't allowed to be given away is a sign that they love money and enhancing their own power more than they love 
freedom or the Constitution. 

5. Because they love money and power more than they love freedom and obeying the constitution, they are committing 
treason punishable by death in violation of 18 U.S.C. §2381 and serving Satan himself. 























Below is how we explain this conundrum in our Disclaimer: 


Every attempt by anyone in government to alienate rights that the Declaration of Independence says are 
UNALIENABLE shall also be treated as "PRIVATE BUSINESS ACTIVITY" that cannot be protected by sovereign, 
official, or judicial immunity. So called "government" cannot make a profitable business or franchise out of 
alienating inalienable rights without ceasing to be a classical/de jure government and instead becoming in effect 
an economic terrorist and de facto government in violation of Article 4, Section 4. 





"No servant [or government or biological person] can serve two masters; for either he 
will hate the one and love the other, or else he will be loyal to the one and despise the 
other. You cannot serve God and mammon [government].” 

[Luke 16:13, Bible, NKJV] 








De Facto Government Scam 82 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


[Disclaimer, Section 4: Meaning of Words: "Private"; SOURCE: https://famguardian.org/disclaimer.htm] 





6.4.5 De Jure v. De Facto Government 


We will now close this section with a tabular summary that compares our original “de jure” government to the “de facto” 
government that we presently suffer under. This corrupted “de facto” government only continues to exist because of our 
passive and tolerant approach towards the illegal activities of the government servants. We can fix this if we really want to, 
folks. Let’s do it! 


Table 2: Comparison of our ''De jure" v. "De facto" government 


# Type of Separation || De jure government De facto government 
of Powers 


Separation of Government has no power to control or regulate the IRS 501(c ) designation allows 

Church and State political activities of churches government to remove tax 
exemption from churches if they 

involved 

Only lawful money is gold and the value of the Fiat currency is Federal Reserve 

dollar is tied to gold. Government can’t manufacture | Notes (FRNs). Government can 

more gold so they can’t abuse their power to coin print any amount of these it 

money to enrich themselves. wants and thereby enrich itself 
and steal from the those who 
hold dollars by lowering the 
value of the dollars in circulation 
(inflation) 

People getting married did not have marriage Pastor acts as an agent of both 

licenses from the state. Instead, the ceremony was God and the state. He performs 

exclusively ecclesiastical and it was recorded only in | the ceremony and is also 

the family Bible and church records. licensed by the state to sign the 
state marriage license. Churches 
force members getting married 
to obtain state marriage license 
by saying they won’t marry them 
without a state-issued marriage 
license. 


Separation of 
Money and State 


Separation of 
Marriage and State 


School and State or religious. There were very few public schools and |} schools. They are dumbed-down 
a large percentage of the population was home- by the state to be good 
schooled. serfs/sheep by being told they 
are “taxpayers” and being shown 
in high school how to fill out a 
tax return without even being 
shown how to balance a check 
book. They are taught that 
government is the sovereign and 
not the people, and that people 
should obey the government. 
States control the Senate and all legislation and Federal government receives 
taxation internal to a state. Federal government lion’s share of income taxes over 
controls only foreign commerce in the form of both internal and external trade. 
imposts, excises, and duties under Article 1, Section It redistributes the proceeds from 
8, Clause 3 of the Constitution. these taxes to the socialist states, 
who are coerced to modify their 
laws in compliance with federal 
dictates in order to get their fair 
share of this stolen “loot”. 


Separation between || Three branches of government are entirely Judges are “employees” of the 
branches of independent and not controlled by other branches. executive branch and have a 


De Facto Government Scam 83 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Separation of State 
and Federal 
government 


Separation of Schools were rural and remote and most were private | Most student go to public 





government: 
Executive, 
Legislative, Judicial 


Separation of 
Commerce and 


Separation of Media 


and State 


Separation of 
Family and State 


De Facto Government Scam 


Federal government regulates only foreign 
commerce of corporations. States regulate all 
internal commerce. Private individuals have 
complete privacy and are not regulated because they 
don’t have Socialist Security Numbers and are not 
monitored by the IRS Gestapo. Banks are 
independent and do not have to participate in a 
national banking system so they don’t coerce their 
depositors to bet government-issued numbers nor do 
they snoop/spy on their depositors as an agent of the 
IRS Gestapo. Private employers are not regulated or 
monitored by federal Gestapo and their contracts 
with their employees are private and sacred. 


Press was free to report as they saw fit under the 
First Amendment. Most newspapers were small- 
town newspapers and were private and independent. 


Families were completely separate from the state. 
Private individuals were not subject to direct taxation 
or regulation by either state or federal government. 
No Socialist Security Numbers and no government 
surveillance of private commerce by individuals. 
Women stayed home and out of the workforce. Men 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 


Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 


conflict of interest because they 
are beholden to IRS extortion. 
Executive controls the illegal tax 
collection activities of the IRS 
and dictates to other branches 
it’s tax policy through illegal 
IRS extortion. Using the IRS, 
Executive becomes the 
“Gestapo” that controls 
everything and everyone. 
Congress and the courts refuse to 
reform this extortion because 
they benefit most financially by 
it. 

All credit issued by a central, 
private Federal Reserve 
consortium. Federal Reserve 
rules coerce private banks to 
illegally enforce federal laws in 
states of the Union that only 
apply in the federal zone. 
Namely, they force depositors to 
have Socialist Security Numbers 
and they report all currency 
transactions over $3,000 to the 
Dept of the Treasury (CTR’s). 
“Spying” on financial affairs 
citizens by government makes 
citizens afraid of IRS and 
government and coerces them to 
illegally pay income taxes by 
government. Employers are 
coerced to enslave their 
employees to IRS through wage 
reporting and withholding, often 
against the will of employees. 
Television, radio, the internet, 
and corporations have taken over 
the media and concentrated 
control of it to the hands of a 
very few huge and “privileged” 
corporations that are in bed with 
the federal and state 
governments. Media is no 
longer independent, and 
broadcasters don’t dare cross the 
government for fear of either 
losing their FCC license, being 
subjected to an IRS audit, or 
having their government 
sponsorship revoked. 

Using income taxes, mom was 
removed from the home to enter 
the workforce so she could 
replace the income stolen from 
dad by the IRS through illegal 
enforcement of the tax laws. 





84 of 390 


EXHIBIT: 


Separation of 
Charity and State 


De Facto Government Scam 


dominated the political and commercial landscape 
and also defended their family from encroachments 
by government. Children were home-schooled and 
worked on the farm. They inherited the republican 
values of their parents. Morality was taught by the 
churches and there was an emphasis on personal 
responsibility, modesty, manners, respect, and 
humility. 


Churches and families were responsible for charity. 
When a person was old or became unemployed, 
members of the church or family would take them. 
Personal responsibility and morality within churches 
and families would encourage them to improve their 
lives. 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 


Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 


Conflict over money breaks 
families down and divorce rate 
reaches epidemic proportions. 
Children are neglected by their 
parents because parents both 
have to work full-time and duke 
it out with each other in divorce 
court. Majority of children 
raised in single parent homes. 
Television and a liberal media 
dominates and distorts the 
thoughts and minds of the 
children. Public schools filled 
with homosexuals and liberals, 
many of whom have no children 
of their own, teach our children 
to be selfish, rebellious, sexually 
promiscuous, homosexual drug- 
abusers. Pornography invades 
the home through the internet, 
cable-TV, and video rentals, 
creating a negative fixation on 
sex. Television interferes with 
family communication so that 
children are alienated from their 
parents so that they do not 
inherit good morals or respect 
for authority from their parents.. 
Crime rate and prison population 
reaches unprecedented levels. 
Citizens therefore lose their 
ability to govern themselves and 
the legal field and government 
come in and take over their lives. 
Monolithic, huge, and terribly 
inefficient government 
bureaucracies replace families 
and churches as major source of 
charity. These bureaucracies 
have no idea what personal 
responsibility is and are not 
allowed to talk about morality 
because they are not allowed to 
talk about God. Generations of 
people grow up under this 
welfare umbrella without ever 
having to take responsibility for 
themselves, and these people 
abuse their voting power to 
perpetuate it. Supremacy of 
families and churches is 
eliminated and government 
becomes the new “god” for 
everyone to worship. See 
Jeremiah 2:26-28. 





85 of 390 


EXHIBIT: 


27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
on 





Separation of All property is presumed to be absolutely owned, Corrupt and covetous public 
Public and Private private, and not subject to state or public or servants implement socialism, 
Property government control. This is the foundation of the where all property is presumed 
Fifth Amendment protection for private property. to be absolutely owned by the 
See: Separation Between Public and Private Course, | government, and everyone is a 
Form #12.025. BORROWER of said property 
with conditions. Those 





conditions are called 
"franchises", and government 
can regulate and control 
ANYONE and ANYTHING it 


wants. See Government 


Instituted Slavery Using 
Franchises, form #05.030. 


If you would like to know all the characteristics of the de facto government we live under and see proof that it is de facto, 


see: 


6.5 


Government Corruption, Form #11.401 (OFFSITE LINK) -SEDM 
http://sedm.org/GovCorruption/GovCorruption.htm 

Government Corruption: Causes and Remedies Course, Form #12.026 (OFFSITE LINK) — SEDM 
http://sedm.org/GovCorruption/GovCorruption. pdf 

De Facto Government Scam, Form #05.043 (OFFSITE LINK)-Proves that we don't have a real, de jure government, 
and explains all the ways this de facto government illegally expands and protects its own criminal extortion enterprise 
and protection racket. 

http://sedm.org/Forms/05-MemLaw/DeFactoGov.pdf 














How De Jure Governments are Transformed into Corrupt De Facto Governments? 


“Governments never do anything by accident; if government does something you can bet it was carefully 
planned.” 
[Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United States] 


Franchises and/or their abuse are the main method by which: 


1. 


De jure governments are transformed into corrupted de facto governments. 

The requirement for consent of the governed is systematically eliminated. 

The equal protection that is the foundation of the Constitution is replaced with inequality, privilege, hypocrisy, and 
partiality in which the government is a parens patriae and possesses an unconstitutional “title of nobility” in relation to 
those it is supposed to be serving and protecting. 

The separation of powers between the states and federal government are eliminated. 

The separation between what is “public” and what is “private” is destroyed. Everything becomes PUBLIC and is owned 
by the “collective”. There is no private property and what you think is ABSOLUTE ownership of PRIVATE property 
is really just equitable title and QUALIFIED ownership of PUBLIC property. 

Constitutional rights attaching to the land you stand on are replaced with statutory privileges created through your right 
to contract and your “status” under a franchise agreement. 


“You shall make no covenant [contract or franchise] with them [foreigners, pagans], nor with their [pagan 
government] gods [laws or judges]. They shall not dwell in your land [and you shall not dwell in theirs by 
becoming a “resident” or domiciliary in the process of contracting with them], lest they make you sin against 
Me [God]. For if you serve their [government] gods [under contract or agreement or franchise], it will surely 
be a snare to you.” 


[Exodus 23:32-33, Bible, NKJV] 








° Adapted from: Government Instituted Slavery Using Franchises, Form #05.030, Section 14; 





http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm. 





De Facto Government Scam 86 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


oN Ans 


20 
21 
22 
23 


24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32) 
33 
34 


35 
36 
37 
38 


7. Your legal identity is “laundered”, and kidnapped or transported to a foreign jurisdiction, the District of Criminals, and 
which is not protected by the Constitution. This is usually done by compulsion or duress, as in the case of compelled 
licensing. 


“For the upright will dwell in the land, 
And the blameless will remain in it; 


But the wicked will be cut off from the earth, 


And the unfaithful will be uprooted from it.” 
[Prov. 2:21-22, Bible, NKJV] 


8. The protections of the Constitution for your rights are eliminated. 

9. Rights are transformed into privileges. 

10. Republics based on individual rights are transformed into socialist democracies based on collective rights and individual 
privileges. 

11. The status of “citizen, resident, or inhabitant” is devolved into nothing but an “employee” or “officer” of a corporation. 

12. Constitutional courts are transformed into franchise courts. 

13. Conflicts of interest are introduced into the legal and court systems that perpetuate a further expansion of the de facto 
system. 

14. Socialism is introduced into a republican form of government. 

15. The sovereignty of people in the states of the Union are destroyed. 


The gravely injurious effects of participating in government franchises include the following. 


1. Those who participate become domiciliaries of the federal zone, “U.S. persons”, and “resident aliens” in respect to the 
federal government. 

2. Those who participate become “trustees” of the “public trust” and “public officers” of the federal government and suffer 
great legal disability as a consequence: 


“As expressed otherwise, the powers delegated to a public officer are held in trust for the people and are to be 
exercised in behalf of the government or of all citizens who may need the intervention of the officer. 10 
Furthermore, the view has been expressed that all public officers, within whatever branch and whatever level 
of government, and whatever be their private vocations, are trustees of the people, and accordingly labor under 
every disability and prohibition imposed by law upon trustees relative to the making of personal financial gain 
from _a discharge of their trusts. 11 That is, a public officer occupies a fiduciary relationship to the political 
entity on whose behalf he or she serves. 12_and owes a fiduciary duty to the public. 13 It has been said that 
the_fiduciary responsibilities of a_public_officer_ cannot be less than_those of a private individual. 14 
Furthermore, it has been stated that any enterprise undertaken by the public official which tends to weaken public 
confidence and undermine the sense of security for individual rights is against public policy.15” 

[63C American Jurisprudence 2d, Public Officers and Employees, §247 (1999) ] 


3. Those who participate are stripped of ALL of their constitutional rights and waive their Constitutional right not to be 
subjected to penalties and other “bills of attainder” administered by the Executive Branch without court trials. They then 
must function the degrading treatment of filling the role of a federal “public employee” subject to the supervision of their 
servants in the government. 





'© State ex rel. Nagle v. Sullivan, 98 Mont. 425, 40 P.2d. 995, 99 A.L.R. 321; Jersey City v. Hague, 18 N.J. 584, 115 A.2d. 8. 


'! Georgia Dep’t of Human Resources v. Sistrunk, 249 Ga. 543, 291 S.E.2d. 524. A public official is held in public trust. Madlener v. Finley (1st Dist) 161 
Ill.App.3d. 796, 113 Ill.Dec. 712, 515 N.E.2d. 697, app gr 117 Ill.Dec. 226, 520 N.E.2d. 387 and revd on other grounds 128 II.2d. 147, 131 Ill.Dec. 145, 
538 N.E.2d. 520. 


2 Chicago Park Dist. v. Kenroy, Inc., 78 Ill.2d. 555, 37 Ill.Dec. 291, 402 N.E.2d. 181, appeal after remand (1st Dist) 107 Ill.App.3d. 222, 63 Ill.Dec. 134, 
437 N.E.2d. 783. 


3 United States v. Holzer (CA7 Ill), 816 F.2d. 304 and vacated, remanded on other grounds 484 U.S. 807, 98 L.Ed.2d. 18, 108 S.Ct. 53, on remand (CA7 
Ill) 840 F.2d. 1343, cert den 486 U.S. 1035, 100 L.Ed.2d. 608, 108 S.Ct. 2022 and (criticized on other grounds by United States v. Osser (CA3 Pa), 864 
F.2d. 1056) and (superseded by statute on other grounds as stated in United States v. Little (CA5 Miss) 889 F.2d. 1367) and (among conflicting authorities 
on other grounds noted in United States v. Boylan (CAI Mass), 898 F.2d. 230, 29 Fed.Rules.Evid.Serv. 1223). 


‘4 Chicago ex rel. Cohen v. Keane, 64 IIl.2d. 559, 2 Ill.Dec. 285, 357 N.E.2d. 452, later proceeding (1st Dist) 105 Ill.App.3d. 298, 61 Ill.Dec. 172, 434 
N.E.2d. 325. 


'S Indiana State Ethics Comm’n v. Nelson (Ind App), 656 N.E.2d. 1172, reh gr (Ind App) 659 N.E.2d. 260, reh den (Jan 24, 1996) and transfer den (May 28, 
1996). 





De Facto Government Scam 87 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


CHOI ANP WNHE 


17 
18 
19 


20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32: 
33 
34 
35 
36 


37 
38 


40 
41 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 
53 
54 
55 
56 


ST 
58 
59 


“The restrictions that the Constitution places upon the government in its capacity as lawmaker, i.e., as the 
regulator of private conduct, are not the same as the restrictions that it places upon the government in its 


capacity as employer. We have recognized this in many contexts, with respect to many different constitutional 
guarantees. Private citizens perhaps cannot be prevented from wearing long hair, but policemen can. Kelley v. 
Johnson, 425 U.S. 238, 247 (1976). Private citizens cannot have their property searched without probable cause, 
but in many circumstances government employees can. O’Connor v. Ortega, 480 U.S. 709, 723 (1987) (plurality 
opinion); id., at 732 (SCALIA, J., concurring in judgment). Private citizens cannot be punished for refusing to 
provide the government information that may incriminate them, but government employees can be dismissed when 
the incriminating information that they refuse to provide relates to the performance of their job. Gardner v. 
Broderick, [497 U.S. 62, 95] 392 U.S. 273, 277 -278 (1968). With regard to freedom of speech in particular: 
Private citizens cannot be punished for speech of merely private concern, but government employees can be fired 
for that reason. Connick v. Myers, 461 U.S. 138, 147 (1983). Private citizens cannot be punished for partisan 
political activity, but federal and state employees can be dismissed and otherwise punished for that reason. Public 
Workers v. Mitchell, 330 U.S. 75, 101 (1947); Civil Service Comm'n v. Letter Carriers, 413 U.S. 548, 556 (1973); 
Broadrick v. Oklahoma, 413 U.S. 601, 616 -617 (1973).” 

[Rutan v. Republican Party of Illinois, 497 U.S. 62 (1990)] 























4. Those who participate may lawfully be deprived of equal protection of the law, which is the foundation of the U.S. 
Constitution. This deprivation of equal protection can lawfully become a provision of the franchise agreement. 
5. Those who participate can lawfully be deprived of remedy for abuses in federal courts. 


"These general rules are well settled: (1) That the United States, when it creates rights in individuals against 


itself [a "public right", which is a euphemism for a "franchise" to help the court disguise the nature of the 
transaction], is under no obligation to provide a remedy through the courts. United States ex rel. Dunlap v. 
Black, 128 U.S. 40, 9 Sup.Ct. 12, 32 L.Ed. 354; Ex parte Atocha, 17 Wall. 439, 21 L.Ed. 696; Gordon v. United 
States, 7 Wall. 188, 195, 19 L.Ed. 35; De Groot v. United States, 5 Wall. 419, 431, 433, 18 L.Ed. 700; Comegys 
v. Vasse, I Pet. 193, 212, 7 L.Ed. 108. (2) That where a statute creates a right and provides a special remedy, 
that remedy is exclusive. Wilder Manufacturing Co. v. Corn Products Co., 236 U.S. 165, 174, 175, 35 Sup.Ct. 
398, 59 L.Ed. 520, Ann. Cas. 1916A, 118; Arnson v. Murphy, 109 U.S. 238, 3 Sup.Ct. 184, 27 L.Ed. 920; Barnet 
y. National Bank, 98 U.S. 555, 558, 25 L.Ed. 212; Farmers’ & Mechanics’ National Bank v. Dearing, 91 U.S. 29, 
35, 23 L.Ed. 196. Still the fact that the right and the remedy are thus intertwined might not, if the provision stood 
alone, require us to hold that the remedy expressly given excludes a right of review by the Court of Claims, where 
the decision of the special tribunal involved no disputed question of fact and the denial of compensation was 
rested wholly upon the construction of the act. See Medbury v. United States, 173 U.S. 492, 198, 19 Sup.Ct. 503. 
43 L.Ed. 779; Parish v. MacVeagh, 214 U.S. 124, 29 Sup.Ct. 556, 53 L.Ed. 936; McLean v. United States, 226 
U.S. 374, 33 Sup.Ct. 122, 57 L.Ed. 260; United States v. Laughlin (No. 200), 249 U.S. 440, 39 Sup.Ct. 340, 63 
L.Ed. 696, decided April 14, 1919. 

[U.S. v. Babcock, 250 U.S. 328, 39 S.Ct. 464 (1919) ] 






































6. Those who participate can be directed which federal courts they may litigate in and can lawfully be deprived of a 
Constitutional Article III judge or Article II court and forced to seek remedy ONLY in an Article I or Article IV 
legislative or administrative tribunal within the Legislative rather than Judicial branch of the government. 


Although Crowell and Raddatz do not explicitly distinguish between rights created by Congress and other rights, 
such a distinction underlies in part Crowell's and Raddatz’ recognition of a critical difference between rights 
created by federal statute and rights recognized by the Constitution. Moreover, such a distinction seems to us 
to be necessary in light of the delicate accommodations required by the principle of separation of powers reflected 
in Art. III. The constitutional system of checks and balances is designed to guard against “encroachment or 
aggrandizement” by Congress at the expense of the other branches of government. Buckley v. Valeo, 424 U.S., 
at 122, 96 S.Ct., at 683. But when Congress creates a statutory right [a “privilege” in this case, such as a “trade 
or business ”’], it clearly has the discretion, in defining that right, to create presumptions, or assign burdens of 
proof, or prescribe remedies; it may also provide that persons seeking to vindicate that right must do so before 
particularized tribunals created to perform the specialized adjudicative tasks related to that right.FN35 Such 
provisions do, in a sense, affect the exercise of judicial power, but they are also incidental to Congress' power to 
define the right that it has created. No comparable justification exists, however, when the right being adjudicated 
is not of congressional creation. In such a situation, substantial inroads into functions that have traditionally 
been performed by the Judiciary cannot be characterized merely as incidental extensions of Congress' power to 
define rights that it has created. Rather, such inroads suggest unwarranted encroachments upon the judicial 
power of the United States, which our Constitution reserves for Art. III courts. 

[Northern Pipeline Const. Co. v. Marathon Pipe Line Co., 458 U.S. at 83-84, 102 S.Ct. 2858 (1983)] 
































Since the founding of our country, franchises have systematically been employed in every area of government to transform a 
government based on equal protection into a for-profit private corporation based on privilege, partiality, and favoritism. The 
effects of this form of corruption are exhaustively described in the following memorandum of law on our website: 


Government Instituted Slavery Using Franchises, Form #05.030 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 


De Facto Government Scam 88 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 











Camorra 


36 
37 
38 
39 


40 
4l 
42 


43 
44 
45 


46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 


What are the mechanisms by which this corruption has been implemented by the Executive Branch? This section will detail 
the main mechanisms to sensitize you to how to fix the problem and will relate how it was implemented by exploiting the 
separation of powers doctrine. 


The foundation of the separation of powers is the notion that the powers delegated to one branch of government by the 
Constitution cannot be re-delegated to another branch. 


“". .a power definitely assigned by the Constitution to one department can neither be surrendered nor delegated 
by that department, nor vested by statute in another department or agency. Compare Springer v. Philippine 
Islands, 277 U.S. 189, 201, 202, 48 S.Ct. 480, 72 L.Ed. 845.” 

[Williams v. U.S., 289 U.S. 553, 53 S.Ct. 751 (1933)] 


Keenly aware of the above limitation, lawmakers over the years have used it to their advantage in creating a tax system that 
is exempt from any kind of judicial interference and which completely destroys all separation of powers. Below is a summary 
of the mechanism, in the exact sequence it was executed at the federal level: 


1. Create a franchise based upon a “public office” in the Executive Branch. This: 

1.1. Allows statutes passed by Congress to be directly enforced against those who participate. 

1.2. Eliminates the need for publication in the Federal Register of enforcement implementing regulations for the statutes. 
See 5 U.S.C. §553(a) and 44 U.S.C. §1505(a)(1). 

1.3. Causes those engaged in the franchise to act in a representative capacity as “public officers” of the United States 
government pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 17(b), which is defined in 28 U.S.C. §3002(15)(A) as a 
federal corporation. 

1.4. Causes all those engaged in the franchise to become “officers of a corporation”, which is the “United States”, 
pursuant to 26 U.S.C. §6671(b) and 26 U.S.C. $7343. 

2. Give the franchise a deceptive “word of art” name that will deceive everyone into believing that they are engaged in it. 

2.1. The franchise is called a “trade or business” and is defined in 26 U.S.C. §7701(a)(26) as “the functions of a public 
office”. How many people know this and do they teach this in the public (government) schools or the IRS 
publications? NOT! 

2.2. Earnings connected with the franchise are called “effectively connected with a trade or business in the United 
States”. The term “United States” deceptively means the GOVERNMENT, and not the geographical United States. 

3. Inthe franchise agreement, define the effective domicile or choice of law of all those who participate as being on federal 
territory within the exclusive jurisdiction of the United States. 26 U.S.C. §7408(d) and 26 U.S.C. §7701(a)(39) place 
the effective domicile of all “franchisees” called “taxpayers” within the District of Columbia. If the feds really had 
jurisdiction within states of the Union, do you think they would need this devious device to “kidnap your legal identity” 
or “res” and move it to a foreign jurisdiction where you don’t physically live? 

4. Place a excise tax upon the franchise proportional to the income earned from the franchise. In the case of the Internal 

Revenue Code, all such income is described as income which is “effectively connected with a trade or business within 

the United States”. 





"Excises are taxes laid upon the manufacture, sale or consumption of commodities within the country, upon 
licenses to pursue certain occupations and upon corporate privileges...the requirement to pay such taxes 
involves the exercise of [220 U.S. 107, 152] _privileges, and the element of absolute and unavoidable demand 
is lacking... 


..It is therefore well settled by the decisions of this court that when the sovereign authority has exercised the right 
to tax a legitimate subject of taxation as an exercise of a franchise or privilege, it is no objection that the measure 
of taxation is found in the income produced in part from property which of itself considered is nontaxable... 


Conceding the power of Congress to tax the business activities of private corporations.. the tax must be measured 
by some standard..." 
[Flint v. Stone Tracy Co., 220 U.S. 107 (1911)] 


5. Mandate that those engaged in the franchise must have usually false evidence submitted by ignorant third parties that 
connects them to the franchise. IRS information returns, including IRS Forms W-2, 1042-S, 1098, and 1099, are the 
mechanism. 26 U.S.C. §6041 says that these information returns may ONLY be filed in connection with a “trade or 
business”, which is a code word for the name of the franchise. 

6. Write statutes prohibiting interference by the courts with the collection of “taxes” (kickbacks) associated with the 
franchise based on the idea that courts in the Judicial Branch may not interfere with the internal affairs of another branch 








De Facto Government Scam 89 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


20 
21 
22, 
23 


24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 


37 
38 
39 
40 
4l 
42 


43 


44 
45 
46 
47 
48 


such as the Executive Branch. Hence, the “INTERNAL Revenue Service”. This will protect the franchise from 

interference by other branches of the government and ensure that it relentlessly expands. 

6.1. The Anti-Injunction Act, 26 U.S.C. §7421 is an example of an act that enjoins judicial interference with tax 
collection or assessment. 

6.2. The Declaratory Judgments Act, 28 U.S.C. §2201(a) prohibits federal courts from pronouncing the rights or status 
of persons in regard to federal “taxes”. This has the effect of gagging the courts from telling the truth about the 
nature of the federal income tax. 

6.3. The word “internal” means INTERNAL to the Executive Branch and the United States government, not 
INTERNAL to the geographical United States of America. 

7. Create administrative “franchise” courts in the Executive Branch which administer the program pursuant to Articles I 

and IV of the United States Constitution. 

7.1. The U.S. Supreme Court calls such courts “The Fourth Branch of Government”, as indicated in: 

Government Instituted Slavery Using Franchises, Form #05.030, Section 27.7 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

7.2. U.S. Tax Court. 26 U.S.C. §7441 identifies the U.S. Tax Court as an Article I court. 

7.3. U.S. District Courts. There is no statute establishing any United States District Court as an Article II court. 
Consequently, even if the judges are Article III judges, they are not filling an Article III office and instead are filling 
an Article IV office. Consequently, they are Article IV judges. All of these courts were turned into franchise courts 
in the Judicial Code of 1911 by being renamed from the “District Court of the United States” to the “United States 
District Court”. 

For details on the above scam, see: 

What Happened to Justice ?, Form #06.012 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

8. Create other attractive federal franchises that piggyback in their agreements a requirement to participate in the franchise. 

For instance: 

8.1. The original Social Security Act of 1935 contains a provision that those who sign up for this program, also 
simultaneously become subject to the Internal Revenue Code. 















































Section 8 of the Social Security Act 
INCOME TAX ON EMPLOYEES 


SECTION 801. In addition to other taxes, there shall be levied, collected, and paid upon the income of every 
individual a tax equal to the following percentages of the wages (as defined in section 811) received by him after 
December 31, 1936, with respect to employment (as defined in section 811) after such date: 





(1) With respect to employment during the calendar years 1937, 1938, and 1939, the rate shall be 1 per centum. 
(2) With respect to employment during the calendar years 1940, 1941, and 1942, the rate shall 1 1/2 per centum. 
(3) With respect to employment during the calendar years 1943, 1944, and 1945, the rate shall be 2 per centum. 
(4) With respect to employment during the calendar years 1946, 1947, and 1948, the rate shall be 2 1/2 per 
centum. 

(5) With respect to employment after December 31, 1948, the rate shall be 3 per centum. 


8.2. Most state vehicle codes have “residence” in the state as a prerequisite to signing up for a driver’s license and they 
also mandate supplying a Social Security Number to get a license. Hence, by signing up for a driver’s license, you 
are signing up for the following THREE franchises: 

8.2.1. The Vehicle code franchise. 
8.2.2. The domicile “civil protection franchise” tied to those who are “residents”. This is what makes the applicant 
a “taxpayer” in the state’s income tax codes. See: 

Why Domicile and Becoming a “Taxpayer” Require Your Consent, Form #05.002 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

8.2.3. The Social Security Franchise. See: 

Resignation of Compelled Social Security Trustee, Form #06.002 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

9. Offer an opportunity for private citizens not domiciled within the jurisdiction of Congress to “volunteer” by license or 

private agreement to participate in the franchise and thereby become “public officers” within the Legislative Branch. 
The IRS Form W-4 and Social Security SS-5 form are an example of such a contract. 

9.1. Call these volunteers “taxpayers”. 

9.2. Call EVERYONE “taxpayers” so everyone believes that the franchise is MANDATORY. 









































De Facto Government Scam 90 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


21 


22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 


33 
34 
35 
36 


37 
38 
39 
40 


4l 
42 
43 
44 


45 
46 
47 


9.3. Do not even acknowledge the existence of those who do not participate in the franchise. These people are called 
“nontaxpayers” and they are not mentioned in any IRS publication, even though the following recognize their 
existence: 

9.3.1. The U.S. Supreme Court in South Carolina v. Regan, 465 U.S. 367 (1984). 
9.3.2. 26 U.S.C. §7426, which refers to them as “persons other than taxpayers”. 

9.4. Make the process of signing the agreement invisible by calling it a “Withholding Allowance Certificate” instead of 
what it really is, which is a “license” to become a “taxpayer” and call all of your earnings “wages” and “gross 
income”. 


26 C.F.R. §31.3401(a)-3 Amounts deemed wages under voluntary withholding agreements 
(a) In general. 


Notwithstanding the exceptions to the definition of wages specified in section 3401(a) and the regulations 


thereunder, the term “wages” includes the amounts described in paragraph (b)(1) of this section with respect 


to which there is a voluntary withholding agreement in effect under section 3402(p). References in this chapter 


to the definition of wages contained in section 3401(a) shall be deemed to refer also to this section (§31.3401(a)— 
3; 





Title 26: Internal Revenue 

PART 31—EMPLOYMENT TAXES AND COLLECTION OF INCOME TAX AT SOURCE 
Subpart E—Collection of Income Tax at Source 

§31.3402(p)-1 Voluntary withholding agreements. 








(a) In general. 


An employee and his employer may enter into an agreement under section 3402(b) to provide for the withholding 
of income tax upon payments of amounts described in paragraph (b)(1) of §31.3401(a)—3, made after December 
31, 1970. An agreement may be entered into under this section only with respect to amounts which are 
includible in the gross income of the employee under section 61, and must be applicable to all such amounts 


paid by the employer to the employee. The amount to be withheld pursuant to an agreement under section 3402(p) 
shall be determined under the rules contained in section 3402 and the regulations thereunder. See §31.3405(c)— 
1, Q&A-3 concerning agreements to have more than 20-percent Federal income tax withheld from eligible 
rollover distributions within the meaning of section 402. 


10. Create a commissioner to service the franchise who: 
10.1. Becomes the “fall guy”, who then establishes a “bureau” without the authority of any law and which is a private 
corporation that is not part of the U.S. government. 





53 Stat. 489 

Revenue Act of 1939, 53 Stat. 489 
Chapter 43: Internal Revenue Agents 
Section 4000 Appointment 


The Commissioner may, whenever in his judgment the necessities of the service so require, employ competent 
agents, who shall be known and designated as internal revenue agents, and, except as provided for in this title, 


no general or special agent or inspector of the Treasury Department in connection with internal revenue, by 
whatever designation he may be known, shall be appointed, commissioned, or employed. 


10.2. Creates and manages a PRIVATE company that is not part of the government. The IRS, in fact, is NOT part of the 
U.S. government and has no legal authority to exist, and therefore can service only those INTERNAL to the 
government. All agencies that interact DIRECTLY with the PRIVATE public must be authorized by Congress. 
Hence, “INTERNAL Revenue Service”. See: 

Origins and Authority of the Internal Revenue Service, Form #05.005 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

The above means that everyone who works for the Internal Revenue Service is private contractor not appointed, 

commissioned, or employed by anyone in the government. They operation on commission and their pay derives from 

the amount of plunder they steal. See also: 

Department of Justice Admits under Penalty of Perjury that the IRS is Not an Agency of the Federal Government, 


Family Guardian Fellowship 
http://famguardian.org/Subjects/Taxes/Evidence/USGovDeniesIRS/USGovDeniesIRS.htm 





























De Facto Government Scam 91 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


CON Dn BF YN 


46 
47 
48 



















































































11. Create an environment that encourages omission in enforcing justice, irresponsibility, lies, and dishonesty within the 
bureau that administers the franchise. 

11.1. Indemnify these private contractors from liability by giving them “pseudonames” so that they can disguise their 
identify and be indemnified from liability for their criminal acts. The IRS Restructuring and Reform Act, Pub.Law 
105-206, Title III, Section 3706, 112 Stat. 778 and Internal Revenue Manual (1.R.M.), Section 1.2.4 both authorize 
these pseudonames. 

11.2. Place a disclaimer on the website of this private THIEF contractor indemnifying them from liability for the 
truthfulness or accuracy of any of their statements or publications. See Internal Revenue Manual (I.R.M.), Section 
4.10.7.2.8. 

"IRS Publications, issued by the National Office, explain the law in plain language for taxpayers and their 
advisors... While a good source of general information, publications should not be cited to sustain a position." 
[Internal Revenue Manual (I.R.M.), Section 4.10.7.2.8 (05-14-1999)] 

11.3. Allow employees of the agency to operate without either identifying their full legal birthname but rather a 
pseudonym. IRS employees DO NOT use their real name so they can act essentially as anonymous, masked, 
international terrorists (the states are nations under the law of nations) sanctioned by law. See: 

Notice of Pseudonym Use and Unreliable Tax Records, Form #04.206 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

11.4. Omit the most important key facts and information from publications of the franchise administrator that would 
expose the proper application of the “tax” and the proper audience. See the following, which is over 2000 pages 
of information that are conveniently “omitted” from the IRS website about the proper application of the franchise 
and its nature as a “franchise”: 

Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

11.5. Establish precedent in federal courts that you can’t trust anything that anyone in the government tells you, and 
especially those who administer the franchise. See: 

http://famguardian.org/Subjects/Taxes/Articles/IRSNotResponsible.htm 

12. Use the lies and deceptions created in the previous step to promote several false perceptions in the public at large that 
will expand the market for the franchise. These include: 

12.1. That the franchise is NOT a franchise, but a mandatory requirement that applies to ALL. In fact it can and does 
apply ONLY to statutory “taxpayers” and you have to VOLUNTEER to become a statutory “taxpayer” before it 
can have the “force of law” in your case. 

12.2. That participation is mandatory for ALL, instead of only for franchisees called “taxpayers”. 

12.3. That the IRS is an “agency” of the United States government that has authority to interact directly with the public 
at large. In fact, it is a “bureau” that can ONLY lawfully service the needs of other federal agencies within the 
Executive Branch and which may NOT interface directly with the public at large. 

12.4. That the statutes implementing the franchise are “public law” that applies to everyone, instead of “private law” that 
only applies to those who individually consent to participate in the franchise. 

13. Create a system to service those who prepare tax returns for others whereby those who accept being “licensed” and 
regulated get special favors. This system created by the IRS essentially punishes those who do not participate by 
deliberately giving them horrible service and making them suffer inconvenience and waiting long in line if they don’t 
accept the “privilege” of being certified. Once they are certified, if they begin telling people the truth about what the law 
says and encourage following the law by refusing to volunteer, their credentials are pulled. This sort of censorship is 
accomplished through: 

13.1. IRS Enrolled Agent Program. 

13.2. Certified Public Accountant (CPA) licensing. 

13.3. Treasury Circular 230. 

14. Engage in a pattern of “selective enforcement” and propaganda to broaden and expand the scam. For instance: 

14.1. Refuse to answer simple questions about the proper application of the franchise and the taxes associated with it. 
See: 

If the IRS Were Selling Used Cars, Family Guardian Fellowship 
http://famguardian.org/Subjects/Taxes/FalseRhetoric/IRSSellingCars.htm 

14.2. Prosecute those who submit false TAX returns, but not those who submit false INFORMATION returns. This 
causes the audience of “taxpayers” to expand because false reports are connecting innocent third parties to 
franchises that they are not in fact engaged in. 

De Facto Government Scam 92 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Cm ND wn 


24 
25 
26 
27 
28 


29 
30 
31 
YA 


33 
34 
35 
36 


37 
38 
39 
40 
41 
42 
43 
44 


14.3. Use confusion over the rules of statutory construction and the word “includes” to fool people into believing that 

those who are “included” in the franchise are not spelled out in the law in their entirety. This leaves undue discretion 

in the hands of IRS employees to compel ignorant “nontaxpayers” to become franchisees. See the following: 

Legal Deception, Propaganda, and Fraud, Form #05.014 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

14.4. Refuse to define the words used on government forms, use terms that are not defined in the code such as “U.S. 
citizen’, and try to confuse “words of art” found in the law with common terms in order to use the presumptuous 
behavior of the average American to expand the misperception that everyone has a legal DUTY to become a 
“franchisee” and a “taxpayer”. 

14.5. Refuse to accept corrected information returns that might protect innocent “nontaxpayers” so that they are inducted 
involuntarily into the franchise as well. 




















The above process is WICKED in the most extreme way. It describes EXACTLY how our public servants have made 
themselves into our masters and systematically replaced every one of our rights with “privileges” and franchises. The 
Constitutional prohibition against this sort of corruption are described as follows by the courts: 


“It would be a palpable incongruity to strike down an act of state legislation which, by words of express 
divestment, seeks to strip the citizen of rights guaranteed by the federal Constitution, but to uphold an act by 
which the same result is accomplished under the guise of a surrender of a right in exchange for a valuable 
privilege which the state threatens otherwise to withhold. It is not necessary to challenge the proposition that, as 
a general rule, the state, having power to deny a privilege altogether, may grant it upon such conditions as it sees 
fit to impose. But the power of the state in that respect is not unlimited, and one of the limitations is that it may 
not impose conditions which require the relinquishment of Constitutional rights. If the state may compel the 
surrender of one constitutional right as a condition of its favor, it may, in like manner, compel a surrender of all. 
It is inconceivable that guaranties embedded in the Constitution of the United States may thus be manipulated 
out of existence.” 

[Frost v. Railroad Commission, 271 U.S. 583, 46 S.Ct. 605 (1926)] 


“A right common in every citizen such as the right to own property or to engage in business of a character not 
requiring regulation CANNOT, however, be taxed as a special franchise by first prohibiting its exercise and then 
permitting its enjoyment upon the payment of a certain sum of money.” 

[Stevens v. State, 2 Ark. 291, 35 Am.Dec. 72; Spring Val. Water Works v. Barber, 99 Cal. 36, 33 Pac. 735, 21 
L.R.A. 416. Note 57 L.R.A. 416] 


“The individual, unlike the corporation, cannot be taxed for the mere privilege of existing. The corporation is an 
artificial entity which owes its existence and charter power to the State, but the individual’s right to live and own 
property are natural rights for the enjoyment of which an excise cannot be imposed.” 

[Redfield v. Fisher, 292 Oregon 814, 817] 


“Legislature...cannot name something to be a taxable privilege unless it is first a privilege.” [Taxation West Key 
43]...” The Right to receive income or earnings is a right belonging to every person and realization and receipt 
of income is therefore not a ‘privilege’, that can be taxed.” 

[Jack Cole Co. v. MacFarland, 337 S.E.2d. 453, Tenn. 


Through the above process of corruption, the separation of powers is completely destroyed and nearly every American has 
essentially been “assimilated” into the Executive Branch of the government, leaving the Constitutional Republic bequeathed 
to us by our founding fathers vacant and abandoned. Nearly every service that we expect from government has been 
systematically converted over the years into a franchise using the techniques described above. The political and legal changes 
resulting from the above have been tabulated to show the “BEFORE” and the “AFTER” so their extremely harmful effects 
become crystal clear in your mind. This process of corruption, by the way, is not unique to the United States, but is found in 
every major industrialized country on Earth. 





De Facto Government Scam 93 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Table 1: Effect of turning government service into a franchise 








# 


Characteristic 


DE JURE CONSTITUTIONAL 
GOVERNMENT 


DE FACTO GOVERNMENT BASED 
ENTIRELY ON FRANCHISES 








Purpose of government 


Protection 


Provide “social services” and “social 
insurance” to government “employees” 
and officers 





Nature of government 


Public trust 
Charitable trust 


For-profit private corporation 


(see 28 U.S.C. §3002(15)(A)) 





Citizens 


The Sovereigns 
“nationals” but not “citizens” 


pursuant to 8 U.S.C. §1101(a)(21) 


1. “Employees” or “officers” of the 
government 

2. “Trustees” of the “public trust” 

3. “customers” of the corporation 

4. Statutory “U.S. citizens” pursuant to 
8 U.S.C. §1401 





Effective domicile of citizens 


Sovereign state of the Union 


Federal territory and the District of 
Columbia 





Ownership of real property is 


Legal 


Equitable. The government owns the 
land, and you rent it from them using 
property taxes. 





Type of property ownership 


Absolute and allodial 


Qualified (shared with government). 
Owned by the public office and 
managed by the person volunteering into 
the office. 





Meaning of word “rights” 


Constitutional rights 


Statutory privileges under a civil 
franchise. Constitutional rights don’t 
exist and are irrelevant. 





Purpose of tax system 


Fund “protection” 


1. Socialism. 

2. Political favors. 

3. Wealth redistribution 

4. Consolidation of power and control 
(corporate fascism) 

5. Bribe PRIVATE people to join the 
franchise and become public 
officers collecting “benefits” 





Equal protection 


Mandatory 


Optional 





Nature of courts 


Constitutional Article III courts in 
the Judicial Branch 


Administrative or “franchise” courts 
within the Executive Branch 





11 


Branches within the government 


Executive 
Legislative 
Judicial 


Executive 

Legislative 

(Judiciary merged with Executive. See 
Judicial Code of 1911) 





12 


Purpose of legal profession 


Protect individual rights 


1. Protect collective (government) 
rights. 

2. Protect and expand the government 
monopoly. 

3. Discourage reforms by making 
litigation so expensive that it is 
beyond the reach of the average 
citizen. 

4. _Persecute dissent. 





13 











Lawyers are 








Unlicensed 





Privileged and licensed and therefore 
subject to control and censorship by the 
government. 











De Facto Government Scam 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 


94 of 390 


EXHIBIT: 








nA uf w 














# Characteristic DE JURE CONSTITUTIONAL DE FACTO GOVERNMENT BASED 
GOVERNMENT ENTIRELY ON FRANCHISES 
14 | Votes in elections cast by “Electors” “Franchisees” called “registered voters” 


who are surety for bond measures on the 
ballot. That means they are subject to a 
“poll tax”. 





15 Driving is 


A common right 


A licensed “privilege” 





16 Marriage is 


A common right 


A licensed “privilege” 





17 Purpose of the military 


Protect the sovereign citizens 
No draft within states of the Union 
is lawful. See Federalist Paper #15 


1. Expand the corporate monopoly 
internationally 

2. Protect public servants from the 
angry populace who want to end the 
tyranny. 





18 Money is 


1. Based on gold and silver. 
2. Issued pursuant to Article 1, 
Section 8. Clause 5. 


1. Accorporate bond or obligation 
borrowed from the Federal Reserve 
at interest. 

2. Issued pursuant to Article 1, Section 
8. Clause 2. 





19 | Purpose of sex 


Procreation 


Recreation 





20 Responsibility 


The individual sovereign is 
responsible for all his actions and 
choices. 


The collective “social insurance 
company” is responsible. Personal 
responsibility is outlawed. 





21 Meaning of “State”, “this State” 


“Body politic” and NOT “body 
corporate” 


“Body corporate” and NOT “body 
politic”. There is no body politic and 
everyone is presumed to be part of the 
body corporate as a public officer. 





22 | Meaning of “in this State” or “in 
the State” in statutes 


PHYSICALLY PRESENT within 
the geographic limits of the territory 
composing the state. 


LEGALLY and NOT PHYSICALLY 
present within the corporation as a 
“person” and therefore “public officer” 
of the corporation. 





23 Real party in interest in criminal 
actions filed by the state 

















Specific human being injured who 
is within the body politic 





Private CORPORATION called “State 
of’. Most actions are “penal” or “quasi 
criminal” rather than “criminal” in a 
classical sense. Such penal actions can 
only be associated with franchisees 
under a civil franchise. 








If you would like to know more about the subjects discussed in this section, please refer to the following free memorandums 
of law on our website focused exclusively on this subject: 


1. Corporatization and Privatization of the Government, Form #05.024 








http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 


2. Government Instituted Slavery Using Franchises, Form #05.030 





http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 





7 De Jure or De Facto Government? 


We must now define the terms “de facto” and “de jure” and distinguish how de facto is turned into de jure. A good starting 
point for this are the following rules written by Phillip Freneau: 





Rule for Changing a Republic into a Democracy and then into a Monarchy, Philip Freneau 








http://famguardian.org/PublishedAuthors/Indiv/FreneauPhilip/freneau.htm 











The main characteristic of all monarchies are: 


1. The king owns all land by divine right. 





De Facto Government Scam 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 


Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 


95 of 390 


EXHIBIT: 








21 
22, 
23 


24 
25 
26 


27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 


35 
36 
37 
38 


39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 


44 
45 
46 


Everyone who calls themselves a “citizen” is a subject of the king, whether they want to be or not. 

You need permission from the king to expatriate, or cease to be a subject. 

Nearly all services and protections offered by the king are implemented as civil franchises. 

The society is a caste society in which no one is equal. Subjects are at the bottom. Then you have dukes, earls, lords, 
etc. Then you have the King at the top. 


Gee ob 


Civil franchises are the main method of implementing the above in an otherwise egalitarian society. Social Security and the 
Federal Reserve are the lynchpin of the transformation, and they began in 1935 and 1913 respectively. 


The following subsections will describe how the legal rules for transforming a de jure republic into a de facto monarchy. We 
covered some of the history of how this was done earlier in section 6. An understanding of this is important, because you 
can’t undo until you understand how it was done in the first place. 


7.1 De Jure Government generally 
The legal definition of “de jure” is as follows: 


“de jure: Descriptive of a condition in which there has been total compliance with all requirements of law. Of 


right; legitimate; lawful; by right and just title. In this sense it is the contrary of de facto (q.v.). It may also be 


contrasted with de gratia, in which case it means "as a matter of right," as de gratia means "by grace or favor." 
Again it may be contrasted with de aequitate; here meaning "by law," as the latter means "by equity". 
[Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 425] 


The definition above hints at the true origin of the word “de jure”, which in fact is that the requirement for “consent of the 
governed” mandated by the Declaration of Independence is respected at every level by every officer and employee of the 
government. 





“That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent 
of the governed.” 


[Declaration of Independence] 


Any authority claimed by a REAL, de jure government actor that cannot trace or is not required to trace its civil authority 
back to the express written consent of the people is inherently unjust and therefore no longer “de jure”. We covered this in 
the previous section. 


All laws enacted by the government are enacted by representatives of the people exercising delegated authority of the people 
collectively. These representatives are empowered by our act of voting to consent on our behalf as a collective to the 
enactment of civil and criminal laws intended to protect us. When more than 51% of our representatives consent to the 
passage of a bill or law, it then is enacted into “law” and thereby acquires “the force and effect of law”. Hence, a majority 
vote is an expression of the collective consent of the people through their elected representatives. When we say “consent of 
the people”, we REALLY mean consent of the constitutional “citizens” ONLY in the exercise of their right to vote, and not 
ALL people. “citizens” are only a subset of the WHOLE people, and constitutional aliens or resident aliens are not allowed 
to vote. 


Obviously, when we say that consent of the governed is mandatory, we can only mean for the purposes of CIVIL and not 
CRIMINAL law or law enforcement. Unlike the civil statutory law, the consent of a criminal is not required in order to 
enforce the criminal laws against him/her. The reason why criminal can be compelled without their consent is that they have 
deprived another of a protected EQUAL right and therefore lose their equal rights. An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth. 


“Tf men fight, and hurt a woman with child, so that she gives birth prematurely, yet no harm follows, he shall 
surely be punished accordingly as the woman’s husband imposes on him; and he shall pay as the judges 
determine. But if any harm follows, then you shall give life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, 


foot for foot, burn for burn, wound for wound, stripe for stripe. 
[Exodus 21:22-25, Bible, NKJV] 


The above is a fulfillment of a greater commandment given by Jesus, which is the Golden Rule: Treat others the way you 
want to be treated. If you hurt people, then indirectly you are asking to be hurt and consenting to be hurt in return. This, in 
fact, is a basic principle of equity in general: 





De Facto Government Scam 96 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Carian 


10 


24 
25 


34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 


40 
41 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 


48 


“Therefore, whatever you want men to do to you, do also to them, for this is the Law and the Prophets.” 
[Matt. 7:12, Bible, NKJV] 


The civil law is, in turn a product of our individual consent. It is implemented as both private law and what the U.S. Supreme 
Court calls a “compact”: 


“In Europe, the executive is synonymous with the sovereign power of a state...where it is too commonly acquired 
by force or fraud, or both...In America, however the case is widely different. Our government is founded upon 


compact [consent expressed in a written contract called a Constitution or in positive law]. Sovereignty was, 


and is, in the people [as individuals: that’s you!] .” 
[Glass v. The Sloop Betsey, 3 (U.S.) Dall 6] 


A compact is, in turn, a contract which requires your consent. 


“Compact, n. An agreement or contract between persons, nations, or states. Commonly applied to working 
agreements between and among states concerning matters of mutual concern. A contract between parties, which 
creates obligations and rights capable of being enforced and contemplated as such between the parties, in their 
distinct and independent characters. A mutual consent of parties concerned respecting some property or right 
that is the object of the stipulation, or something that is to be done or forborne. See also Compact clause; 
Confederacy; Interstate compact; Treaty.” 

[Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 281] 


You can’t be subject to the municipal civil laws of a specific jurisdiction without consenting by choosing a domicile within 
that specific civil jurisdiction, and thereby becoming a “protected person” called a “citizen” or a “resident”. Domicile is an 
exercise of your First Amendment right of political and legal association. Therefore, you cannot be penalized using the 
provisions of the civil protection contract or “social compact” if you never consented to it. In such a case, which is the case 
of a “nonresident” or “transient foreigner”, the only laws that can be enforced are the common law and not statutory civil 
law. This is further clarified in the following fascinating article: 





Why Domicile and Becoming a “Taxpayer” Require Your Consent, Form #05.002 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

















Nations and states defend themselves from foreigners and nonresidents, meaning those who are not protected “citizens” and 
“residents”, using: 


1. The Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (F.S.I.A.), 28 U.S.C. Chapter 97, in the case of the federal government. 
The Longarm or Nonresident Statutes of your state, in the case of state governments under the provisions of the 
Fourteenth Amendment. If you would like a list of such statutes for your state, consult the “Authorities” section for 
your state within the following and look for “Long arm statute”: 
2.1. SEDM Jurisdictions Database, Litigation Tool #09.003 

http://sedm.org/Litigation/LitIndex.htm 
2.2. SEDM Jurisdictions Database Online, Litigation Tool #09.004 

http://sedm.org/Litigation/LitIndex.htm 














A de jure government, HOWEVER, cannot do anything to a nonresident under the civil law that it would not do in its own 
case as a principle of equity and the law of nations. The authority for invoking the FSIA or the Longarm Statute within your 
state derives from conducting commerce within the forum, which is called “purposeful availment”. Those who seek “the 
benefits or protections” of the laws of a jurisdiction they are doing business in are presumed in many cases by the courts to 
have consented to the jurisdiction of said court when there is a dispute with a party within the forum or venue. Here is an 
example: 


“Tn International Shoe Co. v. Washington, 326 U.S. 310 (1945), the Supreme Court held that a court may exercise 
personal jurisdiction over a defendant consistent with due process only if he or she has "certain minimum 
contacts" with the relevant forum "such that the maintenance of the suit does not offend ‘traditional notions of 
fair play and substantial justice.’ " Id. at 316 (quoting Milliken v. Meyer, 311 U.S. 457, 463 (1940)). Unless a 
defendant's contacts with a forum are so substantial, continuous, and systematic that the defendant can be deemed 
to be "present" in that forum for all purposes, a forum may exercise only "specific" jurisdiction - that is, 
jurisdiction based on the relationship between the defendant's forum contacts and the plaintiff's claim. The parties 
agree that only specific jurisdiction is at issue in this case. 


De Facto Government Scam 97 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 





22 
23 
24 
25 


26 
27 
28 
29 


30 
31 


32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 


38 
39 
40 


4l 
42 
43 
44 


45 


46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 


We have typically treated "purposeful availment" somewhat differently in tort and contract cases. In tort cases, 
we typically inquire whether a defendant "purposefully direct[s] his activities" at the forum state, applying an 
"effects" test that focuses on the forum in which the defendant's actions were felt, whether or not the actions 
themselves occurred within the forum. See Schwarzenegger, 374 F.3d. at 803 (citing Calder v. Jones, 465 U.S. 
783, 789-90 (1984)). By contrast, in contract cases, we typically inquire whether a defendant "purposefully avails 
itself of the privilege of conducting activities" or "consummate[s] [a] transaction" in the forum, focusing on 
activities such as delivering goods or executing a contract. See Schwarzenegger, 374 F.3d. at 802. However, this 
case is neither a tort nor a contract case. Rather, it is a case in which Yahoo! argues, based on the 
that the French court's interim orders are unenforceable by an American court. 
[Yahoo! Inc. v. La Ligue Contre Le Racisme Et L'Antisemitisme, 433 F.3d. 1199 (9th Cir. 01/12/2006) ] 


Courts which impose the FSIA or Longarm statutes against nonresident litigants violate the principle of equity all the time 
and try to destroy the equal protection that is the foundation of the Constitution. For instance, if they enforce a franchise 
outside their territory against a nonresident and do so outside of their express delegated constitutional authority, then they 
must ALSO, as a matter of equity: 


Be able and willing to identify all such activity as PRIVATE business. 

Implicitly surrender sovereign immunity and agree to be sued in the local civil courts that protect the parties they are 
contracting with. 

3. Convey rights to the nonresident party the same way they conveyed rights to themselves. 


Ne 


For instance, if the federal government enforces Social Security within a state of the Union, outside its own territory, and 
outside the statutory “United States” and outside the domicile of those within said states of the Union, then all such activity: 


Must be treated as a private business concern. 

Carries with it an implied waiver of sovereign immunity by all those in the government who enforce it outside of 
federal territory. 

3. Must be litigated in a STATE rather than federal court as a PRIVATE concern under EQUITY. 

4. Cannot be protected by asserting sovereign immunity and does not require a statute waiving sovereign immunity before 
the enforcer can be sued. 


Ne 


Because courts routinely and hypocritically enforce UNEQUAL rules against themselves in implementing waivers of 
sovereign immunity by nonresidents, they are not operating in equity and therefore no longer are “de jure”, but de facto. 
Below are some holdings of the U.S. Supreme Court hinting at these principles: 


“When a State engages in ordinary commercial ventures, it acts like a private person, outside the area of its 


"core" responsibilities, and in a way unlikely to prove essential to the fulfillment of a basic governmental 


obligation.” 
[College Savings Bank v. Florida Prepaid Postsecondary Education Expense, 527 U.S. 666 (1999)] 





See also Clearfield Trust Co. v. United States, 318 U.S. 363, 369 (1943) ("The United States does business on 
business terms'") (quoting United States v. National Exchange Bank of Baltimore, 270 U.S. 527, 534 (1926)); 


Perry v. United States, supra at 352 (1935) ("When the United States, with constitutional authority, makes 


contracts, it has rights and incurs responsibilities similar to those of individuals who are parties to such 





instruments. There is no difference ... except that the United States cannot be sued without its consent") 
(citation omitted); United States v. Bostwick, 94 U.S. 53, 66 (1877) ("The United States, when they contract with 





De Facto Government Scam 98 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


41 
42 
43 
44 


45 


46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 


52: 
53 
54 


55 
56 
57 


their citizens, are controlled by the same laws that govern the citizen in that behalf"); Cooke v. United States, 
91 U.S. 389, 398 (1875) (explaining that when the United States ''comes down from its position of sovereignty, 
and enters the domain of commerce, it submits itself to the same laws that govern individuals there"). 


See Jones, 1 Cl.Ct. at 85 ("Wherever the public and private acts of the government seem to commingle, a citizen 
or corporate body must by supposition be substituted in its place, and then the question be determined whether 
the action will lie against the supposed defendant"); O'Neill v. United States, 231 Ct.Cl. 823, 826 (1982) 


(sovereign acts doctrine applies where, "[wJere [the] contracts exclusively between private parties, the party hurt 
by such governing action could not claim compensation from the other party for the governing action"). The 
dissent ignores these statements (including the statement from Jones, from which case Horowitz drew its 
reasoning literally verbatim), when it says, post at 931, that the sovereign acts cases do not emphasize the need 
to treat the government-as-contractor the same as a private party. 

[United States v. Winstar Corp. 518 U.S. 839 (1996) ] 





“The truth is, States and cities, when they borrow money and contract to repay it with interest, are not acting 
as sovereignties. They come down to the level of ordinary individuals. Their contracts have the same meaning 
as that of similar contracts between private persons. Hence, instead of there being in the undertaking of a State 
or city to pay, a reservation of a sovereign right to withhold payment, the contract should be regarded as an 
assurance that such a right will not be exercised. A promise to pay, with a reserved right to deny or change the 
effect of the promise, is an absurdity." 


Is, then, property, which consists in the promise of a State, or of a municipality of a State, beyond the reach of 
taxation? We do not affirm that it is. A State may undoubtedly tax any of its creditors within its jurisdiction for 
the debt due to him, and regulate the amount of the tax by the rate of interest the debt bears, if its promise be left 
unchanged. A tax thus laid impairs no obligation assumed. It leaves the contract untouched. But until payment of 
the debt or interest has been made, as stipulated, we think no act of State sovereignty can work an exoneration 
from what has been promised to the [446] creditor; namely, payment to him, without a violation of the 
Constitution. 'The true rule of every case of property founded on contract with the government is this: It must first 
be reduced into possession, and then it will become subject, in common with other similar property, to the right 
of the government to raise contributions upon it. It may be said that the government may fulfil this principle by 
paying the interest with one hand, and taking back the amount of the tax with the other. But to this the answer is, 
that, to comply truly with the rule, the tax must be upon all the money of the community, not upon the particular 
portion of it which is paid to the public creditors, and it ought besides to be so regulated as not to include a lien 
of the tax upon the fund. The creditor should be no otherwise acted upon than as every other possessor of money; 
and, consequently, the money he receives from the public can then only be a fit subject of taxation when it is 
entirely separated’ (from the contract), ‘and thrown undistinguished into the common mass.' 3 Hamilton, 


Works, 514 et seq. Thus only can contracts with the State be allowed to have the same meaning as all other similar 
contracts have. 
[Murray v. City of Charleston, 96 U.S. 432 (1877)] 


“Derativa potestas non potest esse major primitiva. 

The power which is derived cannot be greater than that from which it is derived.” 

[Bouvier’s Maxims of Law, 1856; 

SOURCE: http://famguardian.org/Publications/BouvierMaximsOfLaw/BouviersMaxims.htm] 





The United States government is, in fact, a government of “delegated powers alone”. 


"The question is not what power the federal government ought to have, but what powers, in fact, have been given 
by the people... The federal union is a government of delegated powers. It has only such as are expressly conferred 
upon it, and such as are reasonably to be implied from those granted. In this respect, we differ radically from 
nations where all legislative power, without restriction or limitation, is vested in a parliament or other legislative 
body subject to no restriction except the discretion of its members." (Congress) 

[U.S. v. William M. Butler, 297 U.S. 1 (1936)] 








"The Government of the United States is one of delegated powers alone. Its authority is defined and limited by 
the Constitution. All powers not granted to it by that instrument are reserved to the States or the people." 
[United States v. Cruikshank, 92 U.S. 542 (1875)] 


"It is again to antagonize Chief Justice Marshall, when he said: 'The government of the Union, then (whatever 
may be the influence of this fact on the case), is emphatically and truly a government of the people. In form and 
in substance it emanates from them. Its powers are granted by them, and are to be exercised directly on them and 


The principle of equity is behind every de jure government of delegated powers. This is so because the thing created cannot 
be greater than the thing that created it. According to the courts YOU created government and THEY did not create you. 
Therefore, they work for you and you DO NOT work for them. To wit: 





De Facto Government Scam 99 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 


30 
31 


32 
33 
34 
35 


36 
37 
38 


39 
40 
41 


42 
43 
44 


45 
46 


for their benefit. This government is acknowledged by all to be one of enumerated powers.' 4 Wheat. 404, 4 L.Ed. 
601." 
[Downes v. Bidwell, 182 U.S. 244 (1901)] 


All government powers came from the people and the method of delegating them was to choose a municipal domicile within 
the place protected by that specific government. It ought to go without saying that the people cannot delegate ANY power 
to a government that they themselves DO NOT ALSO HAVE. Hence, any authority the government claims must ALSO be 
possessed by ALL PEOPLE AS PRIVATE HUMAN BEINGS who have not delegated it to a specific government. Hence, 
a de jure government must approach all nonresident parties as EQUALS and in EQUITY, and apply all the same protections 
to them regarding surrenders of sovereign immunity which the government itself uses. For instance, the United States 
government cannot be sued without the plaintiff producing written evidence consent found in a statute. Likewise, if the 
government sues a private party, they too ought to be required to produce evidence of consent IN WRITING signed by the 
defendant or respondent where all rights surrendered are spelled out. In practice, judges seldom do this and therefore deprive 
private parties before them or the constitutional requirement for equal protection and equal treatment. 


All governments in the world presently assert the power of “sovereign immunity”. This principle says that the government 
cannot be sued in civil court without its express statutory written consent. The same principle must also be applied to the 
people as private parties when they are prosecuted for a civil liability by a government: The government has an obligation 
to prove that the party they are suing CONSENTED IN WRITING, with full disclosure of all terms and a signature of the 
government, to the thing being enforced. Otherwise, we aren’t talking about a legal proceeding, but simply paganism, theft, 
and idolatry which imputes in effect, SUPERNATURAL powers to the government that the people as individuals do not 
possess. The legal definition of religion, in fact, confirms that a religion is really about “worship of superior beings”, and by 
enforcing unequal powers and imputing supernatural powers to either themselves or the government they are acting on behalf 
of, they are establishing a religion and forcing you to “worship”, meaning obey, it. 


“Religion. Man's relation to Divinity, to reverence, worship, obedience, and submission to mandates and 


precepts of Supernatural or superior beings. In its broadest sense includes all forms of belief in 
the existence of superior beings exercising power over human beings by volition, imposing rules of conduct, 
with future rewards and punishments. Bond uniting man to God, and a virtue whose purpose is to render God 
worship due him as source of all being and principle of all government of things. Nikulnikoff v. Archbishop, 
etc., of Russian Orthodox Greek Catholic Church, 142 Misc. 894, 255 N.Y.S. 653, 663.” 

[Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 1292] 


Not surprisingly, the principle of absolute equity is almost never respected by the CORRUPTED courts of today. Why? 
Because: 


The principle of sovereign immunity is a judicial creation not found in any statute. 

Judges typically are corrupt and jealously guard their power and try to unlawfully extend it by treating people before 
them UNEQUALLY and therefore PREJUDICIALLY in relation to their employer. Thomas Jefferson confirmed this 
corruption, which has existed from the foundation of this country. See: 

Thomas Jefferson on Politics and Government, Section 29 
http://famguardian.org/Subjects/Politics/ThomasJefferson/jeff1270.htm 

3. What you think of as a “court” is NOT, in fact, a court in a constitutional sense. Instead, it is a legislative franchise 
court which functions as an administrative body that is actually in the Executive rather than Judicial branch of the de 
facto government. See: 


What Happened to Justice ?, Form #06.012 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 


Ne 





























This absolute, injurious, and unconstitutional refusal to enforce equity in all courts makes the judges who engage in it into de 
facto judges operating in their private capacity who have waived sovereign immunity and come down to the level of ordinary 
people who can be sued in equity for a tort. 


"The doctrine of sovereign immunity, raised by defendants, is inapplicable since plaintiff's content that the 
defendants' action were beyond the scope of their authority or they were acting unconstitutionally." 
[Berends v. Butz, 357 F.Supp. 143 (1973)] 


If you would like to know more about the subject of equal protection and equal treatment, see the following free memorandum 
of law on our website: 





De Facto Government Scam 100 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


20 


21 
22 


23 
24 
25 


26 
27 


28 
29 
30 
31 
32: 
33 


34 
35 


36 
37 


38 
39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 





Requirement for Equal Protection and Equal Treatment, Form #05.033 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

















7.2 Legal definition of a de jure “government”!® 


The term "government" is defined to include that group of people dedicated to the protection of purely and exclusively 
PRIVATE RIGHTS and PRIVATE PROPERTY that are absolutely and exclusively owned by a truly free and sovereign 
human being who is EQUAL to the government in the eyes of the law per the Declaration of Independence. It excludes the 
protection of PUBLIC rights or PUBLIC privileges (franchises, Form #05.030) and collective rights (Form #12.024) because 
of the tendency to subordinate PRIVATE rights to PUBLIC rights due to the CRIMINAL conflict of financial interest on the 
part of those in the alleged "government" (18 U.S.C. §208, 28 U.S.C. §§144, and 455). See Separation Between Public and 
Private Course, Form #12.025 for the distinctions between PUBLIC and PRIVATE. 














“As expressed otherwise, the powers delegated to a public officer are held in trust for the people and are to be 
exercised in behalf of the government or of all citizens who may need the intervention of the officer. [1] 
Furthermore, the view has been expressed that all public officers, within whatever branch and whatever level 
of government, and whatever be their private vocations, are trustees of the people, and accordingly labor under 
every disability and prohibition imposed by law upon trustees relative to the making of personal financial gain 
from a discharge of their trusts. [2] That is, a public officer occupies a fiduciary relationship to the political 
entity on whose behalf he or she serves. [3] and owes a fiduciary duty to the public. [4] It has been said that 
the fiduciary responsibilities of a public officer cannot be less than those of a private individual._ Furthermore, 
it has been stated that any enterprise undertaken by the public official which tends to weaken public confidence 
and undermine the sense of security for individual [PRIVATE] rights is against public policy._[5]“ 

[63C American Jurisprudence 2d, Public Officers and Employees, §247 (1999)] 





[1] State ex rel. Nagle v. Sullivan, 98 Mont. 425, 40 P.2d. 995, 99 A.L.R. 321; Jersey City v. Hague, 18 N.J. 584, 
115 A.2d. 8. 


[2] Georgia Dep’t of Human Resources v. Sistrunk, 249 Ga. 543, 291 S.E.2d. 524. A public official is held in 
public trust. Madlener v. Finley (1st Dist), 161 Ill. App.3d. 796, 113 Il.Dec. 712, 515 N.E.2d. 697, app gr 117 
Ill.Dec. 226, 520 N.E.2d. 387 and revd on other grounds 128 Ill.2d. 147, 131 Ill.Dec. 145, 538 N.E.2d. 520. 


[3] Chicago Park Dist. v. Kenroy, Inc., 78 I1l.2d. 555, 37 Ill.Dec. 291, 402 N.E.2d. 181, appeal after remand (1st 
Dist) 107 Ill. App.3d. 222, 63 Ill.Dec. 134, 437 N.E.2d. 783. 


[4] United States v. Holzer (CA7 Ill), 816 F.2d. 304 and vacated, remanded on other grounds 484 U.S. 807, 98 
L.Ed. 2d 18, 108 S.Ct. 53, on remand (CA7 Ill) 840 F.2d. 1343, cert den 486 U.S. 1035, 100 L.Ed. 2d 608, 108 
S.Ct. 2022 and (criticized on other grounds by United States v. Osser (CA3 Pa) 864 F.2d. 1056) and (superseded 
by statute on other grounds as stated in United States v. Little (CA5 Miss) 889 F.2d. 1367) and (among conflicting 
authorities on other grounds noted in United States v. Boylan (CAI Mass), 898 F.2d. 230, 29 Fed.Rules.Evid.Serv. 
1223). 


[5] Chicago ex rel. Cohen v. Keane, 64 Ill.2d. 559, 2 Ill.Dec. 285, 357 N.E.2d. 452, later proceeding (1st Dist) 
105 Ill. App.3d. 298, 61 Ill.Dec. 172, 434 N.E.2d. 325. 


[6] Indiana State Ethics Comm’n v. Nelson (Ind App), 656 N.E.2d. 1172, reh gr (Ind App) 659 N.E.2d. 260, reh 
den (Jan 24, 1996) and transfer den (May 28, 1996). 


Anything done CIVILLY for the benefit of those working IN the government at the involuntary, enforced, coerced, or 
compelled (Form #05.003) expense of PRIVATE free humans is classified as DE FACTO (Form #05.043), non- 
governmental, PRIVATE business activity beyond the core purpose of government that cannot and should not be protected 
by official, judicial, or sovereign immunity. Click here (Form #1 1.401) for a detailed exposition of ALL of the illegal methods 
of enforcement (Form #05.032) and duress (Form #02.005). "Duress" as used here INCLUDES any type of LEGAL 
DECEPTION, Form #05.014 or any attempt to insulate government workers from responsibility or accountability for their 
false or misleading statements (Form #05.014 and Form 12.021 Video 4) forms, or publications (Form #05.007 and Form 
#12.023). The only type of enforcement by a DE JURE government that can or should be compelled and lawful is CRIMINAL 
or COMMON LAW enforcement where a SPECIFIC private human has been injured, not CIVIL statutory enforcement (a 


franchise, Form #05.030). 























‘6 Source: SEDM Disclaimer, Section 4: Meaning of Words; http://sedm.org/disclaimer.htm. 





De Facto Government Scam 101 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


CON Dn FF YW NY 


Every type of DE JURE CIVIL governmental service or regulation MUST be voluntary and ALL must be offered the right 
to NOT participate on every governmental form that administers such a CIVIL program. It shall mandatorily, publicly, and 
NOTORIOUSLY be enforced and prosecuted as a crime NOT to offer the right to NOT PARTICIPATE in any CIVIL 
STATUTORY activity of government or to call a service "VOLUNTARY" but actively interfere with and/or persecute those 
who REFUSE to volunteer or INSIST on unvolunteering. All statements by any government actor or government form or 
publication relating to the right to volunteer shall be treated as statements under penalty of perjury for which the head of the 
governmental department shall be help PERSONALLY liable if false. EVERY CIVIL "benefit" or activity offered by any 
government MUST identify at the beginning of ever law creating the program that the program is VOLUNTARY and HOW 
specifically to UNVOLUNTEER or quit the program. Any violation of these rules makes the activity NON- 
GOVERNMENTAL in nature AND makes those offering the program into a DE FACTO government (Form #05.043). The 
Declaration of Independence says that all "just powers" of government derive from the CONSENT of those governed. Any 
attempt to CIVILLY enforce MUST be preceded by an explicit written attempt to procure consent, to not punish those who 
DO NOT consent, and to not PRESUME consent by virtue of even submitting a government form that does not IDENTIFY 
that submission of the form is an IMPLIED act of consent (Form #05.003). This ensures "justice" in a constitutional sense, 
which is legally defined_as "the right to be left alone". For the purposes of this website, those who do not consent to 
ANYTHING civil are referred to "non-resident non-persons" (Form #05.020). An example of such a human would be a 
devout Christian who is acting in complete obedience to the word of God in all their interactions with anyone and everyone 
in government. Any attempt by a PRIVATE human to consent to any CIVIL STATUTORY offering by any government (a 
franchise, Form #05.030) is a violation of their delegation of authority order from God (Form #13.007) that places them 
OUTSIDE the protection of God under the Bible. 














oe this legal definition of "government" the IDEAL and DE JURE government is one that: 

The States cannot offer THEIR taxable franchises within federal territory and the FEDERAL government may not 

establish taxable franchises within the territorial borders of the states. This limitation was acknowledged by the U.S. 

Supreme Court in the License Tax Cases, 72 U.S. 462 (1866) and continues to this day but is 

UNCONSTITUTIONALLY ignored more by fiat and practice than by law. 

2. Has the administrative burden of proof IN WRITING to prove to a common law jury of your peers that you 
CONSENTED in writing to the CIVIL service or offering before they may COMMENCE administrative enforcement 
of any kind against you. Such administrative enforcement includes, but is not limited to administrative liens, 
administrative levies, administrative summons, or contacting third parties about you. This ensures that you CANNOT 
become the unlawful victim of a USUALLY FALSE PRESUMPTION (Form #05.017) about your CIVIL STATUS 
(Form #13.008) that ultimately leads to CRIMINAL IDENTITY THEFT (Form #05.046). The decision maker on 
whether you have CONSENTED should NOT be anyone in the AGENCY that administers the service or benefit and 
should NEVER be ADMINISTRATIVE. It should be JUDICIAL. 

3. Judges making decisions about the payment of any CIVIL SERVICE fee may NOT participate in ANY of the 
programs they are deciding on and may NOT be "taxpayers" under the I.R.C. Subtitle A Income tax. This creates a 
criminal financial conflict of interest that denies due process to all those who are targeted for enforcement. This sort of 
corruption was abused to unlawfully expand the income tax and the Social Security program OUTSIDE of their lawful 
territorial extent (Form #05.018). See Lucas v. Earl, 281 U.S. 111 (1930), O'Malley v. Woodrough, 307 U.S. 277 
(1939) and later in Hatter v. U.S, 532 U.S. 557 (2001). 

4. EVERY CIVIL service offered by any government MUST be subject to choice and competition, in order to ensure 
accountability and efficiency in delivering the service. This INCLUDES the minting of substance based currency. The 
government should NOT have a monopoly on ANY service, including money or even the postal service. All such 
monopolies are inevitably abused to institute duress and destroy the autonomy and sovereignty and EQUALTY of 
everyone else. 

5. CANNOT "bundle" any service with any other in order to FORCE you to buy MORE services than you want. 
Bundling removes choice and autonomy and constitutes biblical "usury". For instance, it CANNOT: 

5.1. Use "driver licensing" to FORCE people to sign up for Social Security by forcing them to provide a "franchise 
license number" called an SSN or TIN in order to procure the PRIVILEGE of "driving", meaning using the 
commercial roadways FOR HIRE and at a profit. 

5.2. Revoke driver licenses as a method of enforcing ANY OTHER franchise or commercial obligation, including but 
not limited to child support, taxes, etc. 

5.3. Use funds from ONE program to "prop up" or support another. For instance, they cannot use Social Security as a 
way to recruit "taxpayers" of other services or the income tax. This ensures that EVERY PROGRAM stands on 
its own two feet and ensures that those paying for one program do not have to subsidize failing OTHER programs 
that are not self-supporting. It also ensures that the government MUST follow the SAME free market rules that 
every other business must follow for any of the CIVIL services it competes with other businesses to deliver. 

















De Facto Government Scam 102 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 


30 
31 


32 


33 
34 


35 


36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 


48 


49 
50 


5.4. Piggyback STATE income taxes onto FEDERAL income taxes, make the FEDERAL government the tax 

collector for STATE TAXES, or the STATES into tax collectors for the FEDERAL government. 

Can lawfully enforce the CRIMINAL laws without your express consent. 

Can lawfully COMPEL you to pay for BASIC SERVICES of the courts, jails, military, and ROADS and NO 

OTHERS. EVERYONE pays the same EQUAL amount for these services. 

8. Sends you an ITEMIZED annual bill for CIVIL services that you have contracted in writing to procure. That bill 
should include a signed copy of your consent for EACH individual CIVIL service or "social insurance". Such "social 
services" include anything that costs the government money to provide BEYOND the BASIC SERVICES, such as 
health insurance, health care, Social Security, Medicare, etc. 

9. If you do not pay the ITEMIZED annual bill for the services you EXPRESSLY consented to, the government should 
have the right to collect ITS obligations the SAME way as any OTHER PRIVATE human. That means they can 
administratively lien your real or personal property, but ONLY if YOU can do the same thing to THEM for services or 
property THEY have procured from you either voluntarily or involuntarily. Otherwise, they must go to court IN 
EQUITY to collect, and MUST produce evidence of consent to EACH service they seek payment or collection for. In 
other words, they have to follow the SAME rules as every private human for the collection of CIVIL obligations that 
are in default. Otherwise, they have superior or supernatural powers and become a pagan deity and you become the 
compelled WORSHIPPER of that pagan deity. See Socialism: The New American Civil Religion, Form #05.016 for 
details on all the BAD things that happen by turning government into such a CIVIL RELIGION. 


~N 





Jesus described the above de jure government as follows. He is implying that Christians cannot consent to any government 
that rules from above or has superior or supernatural powers in relation to biological humans. In other words, the government 
Christians adopt or participate in or subsidize CANNOT function as a religion as described in Socialism: The New American 


Civil Religion, Form #05.016: 





“You know that the rulers of the Gentiles [unbelievers] lord it over them [govern from ABOVE as pagan idols] , 
and those who are great exercise authority over them [supernatural powers that are the object of idol worship]. 
Yet it shall not be so among you; but whoever desires to become great among you, let him be your servant [serve 
the sovereign people from BELOW rather than rule from above]. And whoever desires to be first among you, let 
him be your slave—just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom 
for many.” 

[Matt. 20:25-28, Bible, NKJV] 





For documentation on HOW to implement the above IDEAL or DE JURE government by making MINOR changes to existing 
foundational documents of the present government such as the Constitution, see: 
Self Government Federation: Articles of Confederation, Form #13.002 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 




















7.3  DeFacto Government 


” 


"Government is the great fiction, through which everybody endeavors to live at the expense of everybody else. 
[Frederic Bastiat] 


The legal definition of “de facto” is as follows: 


de facto: In fact, in deed, actually. This phrase is used to characterize an officer, a government, a past action 
or a state of affairs which must be accepted for all practical purposes, but is illegal or illegitimate. Thus, an 
office, a position or status existing under a claim or color of right such as a de facto corporation. In this sense 


it is the contrary of de jure, which means rightful, legitimate, just, or constitutional. Thus, an officer, king, or 
government de facto is one who is in actual possession of the office or supreme power, but by usurpation, or 
without lawful title; while an officer, king, or governor de jure is one who has just claim and rightful title to the 
office or power, but has never had plenary possession of it, or is not in actual possession. MacLeod v. United 
States, 229 U.S. 416, 33 S.Ct. 955, 57 L.Ed. 1260. A wife de facto is one whose marriage is voidable by decree, 
as distinguished from a wife de jure, or lawful wife. But the term is also frequently used independently of any 
distinction from de jure; thus a blockade de facto is a blockade which is actually maintained, as distinguished 
from a mere paper blockade. Compare De jure. 

[Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 416] 


The definition above gives us a hint about the characteristics of what a “de facto” government is: 


1. Operates as a corporation for profit instead of a non-profit ministry ordained by ONLY God. 
2. Imputes a “position or status” upon either you or themselves which: 





De Facto Government Scam 103 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


21 
22, 


23 
24 
25 
26 


28 
29 
30 
31 


32 


33 
34 
35 
36 


37 


38 
39 
40 
4l 


42 
43 
44 
45 
46 


47 
48 
49 
50 


2.1. You never expressly consented to and CANNOT consent to without violating the Declaration of Independence. 

2.2. Is illegitimate or unlawful. 

2.3. Makes you UNEQUAL in relation to them and therefore, makes civil rulers the object of religious worship in 
violation of the First Amendment. 

3. Operates out of self-interest instead of fiduciary duty towards the true Sovereigns, WE THE PEOPLE, it is supposed to 
be protecting and serving. 

4. Operates under “color of law”, meaning that they appear to have authority justified by that which LOOKS like law, but 
in fact is not IN YOUR CASE. For instance, they enforce a voluntary franchise against a non-participant, and go out 
of their way to make it FRAUDULENTLY APPEAR that the target of the enforcement consented to participate. 
Hence, the franchise agreement would not be LAW in the case of the target of the enforcement and the enforcement 
action would therefore be pursued under the “color of law”. 

5. Disrespects, destroys, or undermines the PRIVATE rights of those it is charged with protecting by: 

5.1. Presuming that you own no private property. 

5.2. Presuming that you have equitable rather than legal title to your property and that the de facto government is the 
REAL owner. 

5.3. Presuming that you are a public officer on official business managing THEIR property. 

5.4. Refusing to enforce the burden imposed on the government of proving that you donated your private property to a 
public use, public office, or public purpose BEFORE they can attach obligations against you in the use of it. 


To the above we would also add that a “de facto government” does not seek or enforce the requirement for consent and equal 
treatment in all interactions with the public at all levels, both administratively and legally. 


Various authorities, including the Bible and the U.S. Supreme Court, also further clarify some additional characteristics of 
de facto governments: 


1. They insist on sovereign immunity and an express waiver in writing before you can sue them or enforce against them, 
but do NOT enforce the SAME right on your part when they are enforcing a liability against you. 

2. They attempt to undermine or circumvent the straight jacket constraints of the Constitution by creating a system of law 
outside of its limits. This is done mainly by illegally implementing and enforcing franchises, and by FORCING people 
to participate in them: 


‘T take leave to say that, if the principles thus announced should ever receive the sanction of a majority of this 
court, a radical and mischievous change in our system of government will result. We will, in that event, pass 
from the era of constitutional liberty guarded and protected by a written constitution into an era of legislative 


absolutism.. 


“The idea prevails with some, indeed it has found expression in arguments at the bar, that we have in this country 
substantially _two_national_ governments; one _to_ be maintained under the Constitution, with all of its 
restrictions; the other to be maintained by Congress outside the independently of that instrument, by exercising 
such powers [of absolutism] as other nations of the earth are accustomed to.. 


It will be an evil day for American liberty if the theory of a government outside the supreme law of the land 


inds lodgment in our constitutional jurisprudence. No higher duty rests upon this court than to exert its full 


authority to prevent all violation of the principles of the Constitution.” 
[Downes v. Bidwell, 182 U.S. 244 (1901), Justice Harlan, Dissenting] 


3. They love YOUR money and STEALING it from you more than they do the purpose of their creation, which is to 
protect you from the very evils and crimes that they themselves are the worst perpetrators of. Note that God says that 
the LOVE of money is the root of ALL evil. Government “benefits” are payments, and therefore the love of 
government “benefits” could also be the root of all evil, especially if they are deceptively packaged to LOOK like they 
are free but in fact produce “privilege induced slavery” through the abuse of franchises: 


“But those who desire to be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and harmful lusts which 


drown men in destruction and perdition. For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil, for which some have 


strayed from the faith in their greediness, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.” 
[1 Timothy 6:9-10, Bible, NKJV] 





De Facto Government Scam 104 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 


39 
40 
4l 
42 


43 
44 
45 


46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 
53 
54 


4. They corrupt the legal profession and the courts by creating compromising conflicts of interest that will protect their 
criminal enterprise. This includes attorney licensing, and causing judges to have a criminal and financial conflict of 
interest by being statutory “taxpayers” and franchise participants. Note that any kind of “benefit” or franchise 
constitutes a “bribe”: 


"The king establishes the land by justice, But he who receives bribes [socialist handouts, government "benefits", 
or PLUNDER stolen from nontaxpayers] overthrows it." 
[Prov. 29:4, Bible, NKJV] 


"And you shall take no bribe, for a bribe blinds the discerning and perverts the words of the righteous." 
[Exodus 23:8, Bible, NKJV] 





"He who is greedy for gain troubles his own house, 
But he who hates bribes will live.” 
[Prov. 15:27, Bible, NKJV] 


"Surely oppression destroys a wise man's reason. 
And a bribe debases the heart." 
[Ecclesiastes 7:7, Bible, NKJV] 





“How the faithful city has become a harlot! 

It [the Constitutional Republic] was full of justice; 

Righteousness lodged in it, 

But now murderers [and abortionists, and socialists, and democrats, and liars and corrupted judges]. 


Your silver has become dross, 
Your wine mixed with water. 
Your princes [President, Congressmen, Judges] are rebellious. 


Everyone loves bribes, 
And follows after rewards. 
They do not defend the fatherless, 


nor does the cause of the widow [or the “nontaxpayer”] come before them. 


Therefore the Lord says, 
The Lord of hosts, the Mighty One of Israel, 


"Ah, I will rid Myself of My adversaries, 

And take vengeance on My enemies. 

I will turn My hand against you, 

And thoroughly purge away your dross, 

And take away your alloy. 

I will restore your judges [eliminate the BAD judges] as at the first, 
And your counselors [eliminate the BAD lawyers] as at the beginning. 


Afterward you shall be called the city of righteousness, the faithful city." 
[Isaiah 1:1-26, Bible, NKJV] 





5. They make themselves superior and unequal in relation to the human beings they were created ONLY to serve and 
protect by: 
5.1. Imputing supernatural powers to themselves that they refuse to impute or enforce against anyone, and especially 
any private human being. 


“Dishonest scales are an [hateful] abomination to the LORD, 
But a just weight is His delight.” 
[Prov. 11:1, Bible, NKJV] 


5.2. Refusing to allow the courts to operate in equity and providing no remedy in the courts that affords equity and 
equality of the citizen in relation to them. Instead, all of the courts are transformed into administrative franchise 
courts where you can only approach them as a subservient “employee” or “public officer” subject to any and 
every political whim. Judges operate in a political capacity in these courts in violation of the separation of 
powers. Hence, there is no judicial branch and the so-called “judicial branch” is thus assimilated into the 
Executive Branch and becomes a tyranny. Thus, they gut the very foundation of the Constitution, which is 
equality of rights. Notice how the U.S. Supreme Court below held that equality of rights is “the foundation of 
ALL free governments”. Hence, if you aren’t EQUAL in every respect to the government, YOU ARE A 
SLAVE!: 





De Facto Government Scam 105 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


20 


21 


22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 


49 
50 
51 
52: 


53 
54 
55 
56 
57 
58 
59 
60 
61 
62 


“When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person, or in the same body of magistrates, 
there can be no liberty.” 
[The Spirit of Laws, Charles de Montesquieu, http://famguardian.org/Publications/SpiritOfLaws/sol-02.htm] 








“The equal protection demanded by the fourteenth amendment forbids this. No language is more worthy of 
frequent and thoughtful consideration than these words of Mr. Justice Matthews, speaking for this court, in Yick 
Wo v. Hopkins, 118 U.S. 356, 369 , 6 S.Sup.Ct. 1064, 1071: 'When we consider the nature and the theory of our 
institutions of government, the principles upon which they are supposed to rest, and review the history of their 
development, we are constrained to conclude that they do not mean to leave room for the play and action of purely 
personal and arbitrary power.' The first official action of this nation declared the foundation of government in 
these words: 'We hold these truths to be self-evident, [165 U.S. 150, 160] that all men are created equal, that they 
are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit 
of happiness.’ While such declaration of principles may not have the force of organic law, or be made the basis 
of judicial decision as to the limits of right and duty, and while in all cases reference must be had to the organic 
law of the nation for such limits, yet the latter is but the body and the letter of which the former is the thought and 
the spirit, and it is always safe to read the letter of the constitution in the spirit of the Declaration of Independence. 
No duty rests more imperatively upon the courts than the enforcement of those constitutional provisions 


intended to secure that equality of rights which is the foundation of free government." 
[Gulf, C. & S. F. R. Co. v. Ellis, 165 U.S. 150 (1897) ] 








Sin Confessed 


Therefore justice is far from us, 

Nor does righteousness overtake us; 

We look for light, but there is darkness! 

For brightness, but we walk in blackness! 

We grope for the wall like the blind, 

And we grope as if we had no eyes; 

We stumble at noonday as at twilight; 

We are as dead men in desolate places. 

We all growl like bears, 

And moan sadly like doves; 

We look for justice, but there is none; 

For salvation, but it is far from us. 

For our transgressions are multiplied before You, 
And our sins testify against us; 

For our transgressions are with us, 

And as for our iniquities, we know them: 

In transgressing and lying against the LORD, 
And departing from our God, 

Speaking oppression and revolt, 

Conceiving and uttering from the heart words of falsehood. 
Justice is turned back, 

And righteousness stands afar off; 

For truth is fallen in the street, 


And equity cannot enter [INTO COURT!]. 
So truth fails, 


And he who departs from evil makes himself a prey. 
[Isaiah 59:9-15, Bible, NKJV] 


5.3. Replacing equality and equal treatment with franchises, privileges, and public rights that make the government 
superior to everyone else. Notice that the U.S. Supreme Court implies in the cite below that there is NO 
HIGHER duty of any court than to ensure EQUALITY between the human being and the government running the 


court. 


“The equal protection demanded by the fourteenth amendment forbids this. No language is more worthy of 
frequent and thoughtful consideration than these words of Mr. Justice Matthews, speaking for this court, in Yick 
Wo v. Hopkins, 118 U.S. 356, 369 , 6 S.Sup.Ct. 1064, 1071: 'When we consider the nature and the theory of our 
institutions of government, the principles upon which they are supposed to rest, and review the history of their 
development, we are constrained to conclude that they do not mean to leave room for the play and action of purely 
personal and arbitrary power.' The first official action of this nation declared the foundation of government in 
these words: 'We hold these truths to be self-evident, [165 U.S. 150, 160] that all men are created equal, that they 
are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit 
of happiness.' While such declaration of principles may not have the force of organic law, or be made the basis 
of judicial decision as to the limits of right and duty, and while in all cases reference must be had to the organic 








De Facto Government Scam 106 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Uk WN 


Co ND 


24 
25 
26 
27 


28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 


35 


36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
41 


law of the nation for such limits, yet the latter is but the body and the letter of which the former is the thought and 
the spirit, and it is always safe to read the letter of the constitution in the spirit of the Declaration of Independence. 


No duty rests more imperatively upon the courts than the enforcement of those constitutional provisions 


intended to secure that equality of rights which is the foundation of free government." 
[Gulf, C. & S. F. R. Co. v. Ellis, 165 U.S. 150 (1897) ] 


6. They refuse to either recognize or protect private rights and furthermore, abuse legal process as the equivalent of a 
democratic auction of people’s property for donation to the public fisc. After all, governments are established for the 
protection of private rights. Hence, a de facto corporation that refuses to recognize or protect private rights, and which 
imputes or assumes that it owns everything cannot be a REAL government. It is not only what the U.S. Supreme Court 
calls a “vain government”, but NO GOVERNMENT AT ALL. 


“The [PRIVATE] rights of individuals and the justice due to them, are as dear and precious as those of states. 


Indeed the latter are founded upon the former; and the great end and object of them must be to secure and support 
the [PRIVATE] rights of individuals, or else vain is government.” 
[Chisholm v. Georgia, 2 U.S. (Dall.) 419, 1 L.Ed. 440 (1793)] 





"It must be conceded that there are rights [and property] in every free government beyond the control of the State 


[or any judge or jury]. A government which recognized no such rights [PRIVATE RIGHTS], which held the 
lives, liberty and property of its citizens, subject at all times to the disposition and unlimited control of even the 
most democratic depository of power, is after all a despotism. It is true that it is a despotism of the many--of 


the majority, if you choose to call it so--but it is not the less a despotism." 
[Loan Ass’n v. Topeka, 87 U.S. (20 Wall.) 655, 665 (1874) ] 


7. They expand their power unlawfully by creating contrived national emergencies as an excuse to bypass the straight 
jacket constraints of the Constitution for the sake of expediency. 


“No_emergency justifies the violation of any of the provisions of the United States Constitution.'’ An 


emergency, however, while it cannot create power, increase granted power, or remove or diminish the restrictions 
imposed upon the power granted or reserved, may allow the exercise of power already in existence, but not 
exercised except during an emergency.'* 


The circumstances in which the executive branch may exercise extraordinary powers under the Constitution are 
very narrow.’ The danger must be immediate and impending, or the necessity urgent for the public service, such 
as will not admit of delay, and where the action of the civil authority would be too late in providing the means 
which the occasion calls for.” For example, there is no basis in the Constitution for the seizure of steel mills 
during a wartime labor dispute, despite the President's claim that the war effort would be crippled if the mills 
were shut down. 7!” 

[16 American Jurisprudence 2d, Constitutional Law, §52 (1999)] 





Emergency does not create power. Emergency does not increase granted power or remove or diminish the 
restrictions imposed upon power granted or reserved. The Constitution was adopted in a period of grave 
emergency. Its grants of power to the federal government and its limitations of the power of the States were 
determined in the light of emergency, and they are not altered by emergency. What power was thus granted and 
what limitations were thus imposed are questions [290 U.S. 398, 426] which have always been, and always will 
be, the subject of close examination under our constitutional system. 





'’ As to the effect of emergencies on the operation of state constitutions, see § 59. 


'8 Veix v. Sixth Ward Building & Loan Ass’n of Newark, 310 U.S. 32, 60 S.Ct. 792, 84 L.Ed. 1061 (1940); Home Bldg. & Loan Ass’n v. Blaisdell, 290 
U.S. 398, 54 S.Ct. 231, 78 L.Ed. 413, 88 A.L.R. 1481 (1934). 


The Constitution was adopted in a period of grave emergency and its grants of power to the Federal Government and its limitations of the power of the states 
were determined in the light of emergency, and are not altered by emergency. First Trust Co. of Lincoln v. Smith, 134 Neb. 84, 277 N.W. 762 (1938). 


'9 Halperin v. Kissinger, 606 F.2d. 1192 (D.C. Cir. 1979), cert. granted, 446 U.S. 951, 100 S.Ct. 2915, 64 L.Ed.2d. 807 (1980) and aff‘ in part, cert. dismissed 
in part, 452 U.S. 713, 101 S.Ct. 3132, 69 L.Ed.2d. 367 (1981), reh'g denied, 453 U.S. 928, 102 S.Ct. 892, 69 L.Ed.2d. 1024 (1981) and on remand to, 
542 F. Supp. 829 (D.D.C. 1982) and on remand to, 578 F. Supp. 231 (D.D.C. 1984), aff'd in part, remanded in part, 807 F.2d. 180 (D.C. Cir. 1986), on 
remand to, 723 F. Supp. 1535 (D.D.C. 1989), related reference, 1991 WL 120167 (D.D.C. 1991), remanded, 1992 WL 394503 (D.C. Cir. 1992). 


20 Mitchell v. Harmony, 54 U.S. 115, 13 How. 115, 14 L.Ed. 75 (1851). 


71 Youngstown Sheet &Tube Co. v. Sawyer, 343 U.S. 579, 72 S.Ct. 863, 96 L.Ed. 1153, 47 Ohio.Op. 430, 47 Ohio.Op. 460, 62 Ohio.L.Abs. 417, 62 
Ohio.L.Abs. 473, 26 A.L.R.2d. 1378 (1952). 





De Facto Government Scam 107 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Uk WN 


Co ND 


22 
23 
24 


25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 


32 


33 
34 
35 
36 


37 


39 


40 
41 


42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 
53 
54 
55 
56 
57 


While emergency does not create power, emergency may furnish the occasion for the exercise of power. ‘Although 
an emergency may not call into life a power which has never lived, nevertheless emergency may afford a reason 
for the exertion of a living power already enjoyed.' Wilson v. New, 243 U.S. 332, 348 , 37 S.Ct. 298, 302, L.R.A. 
I9I7E, 938, Ann.Cas. 1918A, 1024. 

[Home Bldg. & Loan Ass’n v. Blaisdell, 290 U.S. 398 (1934)] 





They abuse their power to tax as a method to redistribute wealth in order to buy influence of voters and enlarge their 
own importance. This leads to all kinds of criminal activity, such as bribery to procure a public office per 18 U.S.C. 
§210, impersonating a public officer under 18 U.S.C. §912, bribing jurists with socialist handouts per 18 U.S.C. §201, 


etc.: 


“The power to tax is, therefore, the strongest, the most pervading of all powers of government, reaching directly 
or indirectly to all classes of the people. It was said by Chief Justice Marshall, in the case of McCulloch v. 
Ma., 4 Wheat. 431, that the power to tax is the power to destroy. A striking instance of the truth of the proposition 
is seen in the fact that the existing tax of ten per cent, imposed by the United States on the circulation of all other 
banks than the National Banks, drove out of existence every *state bank of circulation within a year or two after 
its passage. This power can be readily employed against one class of individuals and in favor of another, so as 
to ruin the one class and give unlimited wealth and prosperity to the other, if there is no implied limitation of the 
uses for which the power may be exercised. 


To lay, with one hand, the power of the government on the property of the citizen, and with the other to bestow 
it upon favored individuals to aid private enterprises and build up private fortunes, is none the less a robber 
because it is done under the forms of law and is called taxation. This is not legislation. It is a decree under 
legislative forms. 


Nor is it taxation. ‘A tax,’ says Webster’s Dictionary, ‘is a rate or sum of money assessed on the person or 





roperty of a citizen by government for the use of the nation or State.’ ‘Taxes are burdens or charges imposed 


by the Legislature upon persons or property to raise money for public purposes.’ Cooley, Const. Lim., 479. 


Coulter, J., in Northern Liberties v. St. John’s Church, 13 Pa. St., 104 says, very forcibly, ‘I think the common 
mind has everywhere taken in the understanding that taxes are a public imposition, levied by authority of the 


government for the purposes of carrying on the government in all its machinery and operations—that they are 
imposed for a public purpose.’ See, also Pray v. Northern Liberties, 31 Pa.St., 69; Matter of Mayor of N.Y., 11 


Johns., 77; Camden v. Allen, 2 Dutch., 398; Sharpless v. Mayor, supra; Hanson v. Vernon, 27 Ia., 47; Whiting v. 
Fond du Lac, supra.” 
[Loan Association v. Topeka, 20 Wall. 655 (1874)] 








"A tax, in the general understanding of the term and as used in the constitution, signifies an exaction for the 
support of the government. The word has never thought to connote the expropriation of money from one group 
for the benefit of another." 


[U.S. v. Butler, 297 U.S. 1 (1936)] 


9. They accept NO LIMITS upon their authority, least of all the limits imposed by either the constitution or the laws 


which implement it. This is done mainly by abusing words of art to transcend the limits of law imposed upon their 


behavior, and refusing to operate in equity against others. The U.S. Congress also calls this “communism”: 


TITLE 50 > CHAPTER 23 > SUBCHAPTER IV > Sec. 841. 
Sec. 841. - Findings and declarations of fact 








The Congress finds and declares that the Communist Party of the United States [consisting of the IRS, DOJ, 
and a corrupted federal judiciary], although purportedly a political party, is in fact an instrumentality of a 
conspiracy to overthrow the [de jure] Government of the United States [and replace it with a de facto 
government ruled by the judiciary /. /t constitutes an authoritarian dictatorship [IRS, DOJ, and corrupted 
federal judiciary in collusion] within a [constitutional] republic, demanding for itself the rights and 
[FRANCHISE] privileges [including immunity from prosecution for their wrongdoing in violation of Article | 

Section 9, Clause 8 of the Constitution] accorded to political parties, but denying to all others the liberties [Bill 
of Rights] guaranteed by the Constitution [Form #10.002]. Unlike political parties, which evolve their policies 
and programs through public means, by the reconciliation of a wide variety of individual views, and submit those 
policies and programs to the electorate at large for approval or disapproval, the policies and programs of the 
Communist Party are secretly [by corrupt judges and the IRS in complete disregard of, Form #05.014, the 
tax franchise ''codes"', Form #05.001] prescribed for it by the foreign leaders of the world Communist movement 
[the IRS and Federal Reserve]. /ts members [the Congress, which was terrorized to do IRS bidding by the 
framing of Congressman Traficant] have no part in determining its goals, and are not permitted to voice dissent 
to party objectives. Unlike members of political parties, members of the Communist Party are recruited for 
indoctrination [in the public FOOL system by homosexuals, liberals, and socialists] with respect to its objectives 














De Facto Government Scam 108 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


CHOI DAUR WNHH 


23 
24 
25 
26 
27 


v 
oo 


29 
30 
31 


37 
38 
39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 


46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 


and methods, and are organized, instructed, and disciplined [by the IRS and a corrupted judiciary] to carry into 
action slavishly the assignments given them by their hierarchical chieftains. Unlike political parties, the 
Communist Party [thanks to a corrupted federal judiciary] acknowledges no constitutional or statutory 
limitations upon its conduct or upon that of its members [ANARCHISTS!, Form #08.020]. The Communist 
Party is relatively small numerically, and gives scant indication of capacity ever to attain its ends by lawful 
political means. The peril inherent in its operation arises not from its numbers, but from its failure to 
acknowledge any limitation as to the nature of its activities, and its dedication to the proposition that the 
present constitutional Government of the United States ultimately must be brought to ruin by any available 
means, including resort to; force and violence [or using income taxes]. Holding that doctrine, its role as 
the agency of a hostile foreign power [the Federal Reserve and the American Bar Association (ABA)] 
renders its existence a clear present and continuing danger to the security of the United States. It is the 
means whereby individuals are seduced [illegally KIDNAPPED via identity theft!, Form #05.046] into the 
service of the world Communist movement [using FALSE information returns and other PERJURIOUS 


overnment forms, Form #04.001], trained to do its bidding [by FALSE government publications and 


statements that the government is not accountable for the accuracy of, Form #05.007], and directed and 
controlled [using FRANCHISES illegally enforced upon NONRESIDENTS, Form #05.030] in the 


conspiratorial performance of their revolutionary services. Therefore, the Communist Party should be 


outlawed 





Incidentally, this refusal to accept any limits upon its authority was the original motivation for Eve to eat the apple in 
the Garden of Eden. The serpent promised her that she would be like a god, and gods are accountable to NO ONE and 
therefore not limited by anything. Gen. 3:2-4. Lucifer himself was also motivated by the same lust for immunity from 
everything and superiority over everyone: 


“T will also sit on the mount of the congregation 
On the farthest sides of the north; 


I will ascend above the heights of the clouds, 


I will be like the Most High.’ 
[Isaiah 14:13-14, Bible, NKJV] 


7.4 What makes a “Corporation” into a De Jure “Government”?” 


"In every government on earth is some trace of human weakness, some germ of corruption and degeneracy, which 
cunning will discover, and wickedness insensibly open, cultivate and improve." 
[Thomas Jefferson: Notes on Virginia Q.XIV, 1782. ME 2:207] 


The elements or characteristics essential to call a corporation a “government” are: 


1. Requires three elements to be valid. If you take away any one or more of the following elements, you don’t have a 
“government”. 
1.1. Territory. A valid government must have exclusive legislative jurisdiction within its own territory and no 
jurisdiction without its territory. 





"Judge Story, in his treatise on the Conflicts of Laws, lays down, as the basis upon which all reasonings on the 
law of comity must necessarily rest, the following maxims: First 'that every nation possesses an_ exclusive 
sovereignty and jurisdiction within its own territory’; secondly, ‘that no state or nation can by its laws directly 
affect or bind property out of its own territory, or bind persons not resident therein, whether they are natural 
born subjects or others.’ The learned judge then adds: 'From these two maxims or propositions there follows a 
third, and that is that whatever force and obligation the laws of one country have in another depend solely upon 
the laws and municipal regulation of the latter; that is to say, upon its own proper jurisdiction and polity, and 
upon its own express or tacit consent." Story on Conflict of Laws §23." 

[Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Co. v. Chambers, 73 Ohio.St. 16, 76 N.E. 91, 11 L.R.A., N.S., 1012 (1905)] 


1.2. Laws. The civil laws of the government do not extend beyond the boundaries of the territory comprising the body 
politic. 

1.3. People. These people are called “citizens”, “residents”, and inhabitants who all have in common that they have 
voluntarily chosen a domicile within the civil jurisdiction of the body politic and thereby joined and become a 
“member” of the body politic. Mere physical presence on the territory of the sovereign does NOT constitute an act 
of political association by itself, but must be accompanied by what the courts call “animus manendi’”, which is 
intent to join the body politic. It is a financial conflict of interest for the People in the body politic to also serve as 





22 Adapted from Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302, Section 4.3.1 
http://famguardian.org/Publications/GreatIRS Hoax/GreatIRSHoax.htm. 





De Facto Government Scam 109 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


oid awn 


20 
21 


22 
23 
24 


25 
26 
27 
28 


29 
30 
31 
32: 
33 
34 


35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 


4l 
42 
43 


44 
45 
46 
47 


48 


“employees” or officers of the corporation if they are voting on issues that directly affect their pay. See 18 U.S.C. 
§208, 28 U.S.C. §144, and 28 U.S.C. $455. 
2. Main purpose of establishment is protection of private rights. This includes maintaining the separation between what is 
private and what is public with the goal of protecting mainly what is private. 





“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator 
with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.--That to 


secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men...” 
[Declaration of Independence] 


We cover the mandatory legal separation between PUBLIC and PRIVATE in the following presentation; 

Separation Between Public and Private Course, Form #12.025 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

3. Rights are consistently recognized as unalienable in relation to the government, which means they can’t be bargained 
away or sold to the government through any commercial process. This means that franchises may not lawfully be offered 
to those protected by the Constitution, because they are commercial processes. Notice the word “unalienable” in the 
Declaration of Independence above, which is defined as follows. 























“Unalienable. Inalienable; incapable of being aliened, that is, sold and transferred.” 
[Black’s Law Dictionary, Fourth Edition, p. 1693] 


4. Equal protection of all persons within the jurisdiction. 





“No duty rests more imperatively upon the courts than the enforcement of those constitutional provisions 


intended to secure that equality of rights which is the foundation of free government." 
[Gulf, C. & S. F. R. Co. v. Ellis, 165 U.S. 150 (1897) ] 


5. Consent of the governed. The Declaration of Independence indicates that all just governments derive their authority 
from the “consent of the governed”: 


“That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent 
of the governed.” 


[Declaration of Independence] 


6. All powers are derived or delegated directly from the Sovereign People AS INDIVIDUALS and NOT as a collective. It 
is a legal impossibility for a collective to have any more delegated authority than the private people who make up the 
collective. To suggest otherwise is to impute a “supernatural” source to the powers possessed by government and makes 
government into a religion in which the “collective” is a pagan deity. 


"It is again to antagonize Chief Justice Marshall, when he said: 'The government of the Union, then (whatever 
may be the influence of this fact on the case), is emphatically and truly a government of the people. In form 
and in substance it emanates from them. Its powers are granted by them, and are to be exercised directly on 


them and for their benefit. This government is acknowledged by all to be one of enumerated powers.' 4 Wheat. 
404, 4 L.Ed. 601." 


[Downes v. Bidwell, 182 U.S. 244 (1901) ] 


"The question is not what power the federal government ought to have, but what powers, in fact, have been given 


by the people... The federal union is a government of delegated powers. It has only such as are expressly 
conferred upon it, and such as are reasonably to be implied from those granted. In this respect, we differ 


radically from nations where all legislative power, without restriction or limitation, is vested in a parliament 








or other legislative body subject to no restriction except the discretion of its members." (Congress) 
[U.S. v. William M. Butler, 297 U.S. 1 (1936)] 





"The Government of the United States is one of delegated powers alone. Its authority is defined and limited by 
the Constitution. All powers not granted to it by that instrument are reserved to the States or the people." 
[United States v. Cruikshank, 92 U.S. 542 (1875) ] 


“Derivativa potestas non potest esse major primitive. 

The power [sovereign immunity in this case] which is derived cannot be greater than that from which it is 
derived.” 

[Bouvier’s Law Dictionary Unabridged, 8" Edition, pg. 2131] 





“Nemo potest facere per obliquum quod non potest facere per directum. 





De Facto Government Scam 110 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


No one can do that indirectly which cannot be done directly.” 
[Bouvier’s Law Dictionary Unabridged, 8" Edition, pg. 2147] 





“Quod per me non possum, nec per alium.. 
What I cannot do in person, I cannot do through the agency of another.” 
[Bouvier’s Law Dictionary Unabridged, 8" Edition, pg. 2159] 





7. Consists of BOTH a “body politic” AND a body “corporate”. If you take out the body politic or remove the requirement 
for domicile as a qualification for joining the body politic, all you have left is a “body corporate” or simply a private 
corporation. The body politic, in turn, consists of “citizens” domiciled on the territory who participate directly in the 





Co ND 


30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 


45 
46 


48 
49 
50 
51 


52 
53 
54 


55 
56 
57 
58 


8. 


Both before and after the time when the Dictionary Act and § 1983 were passed, the phrase “bodies politic and 
corporate” was understood to include the [governments of the] States. See, e.g., J. Bouvier, 1 A Law Dictionary 
Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States of America 185 (11th ed. 1866); W. Shumaker & G. 
Longsdorf, Cyclopedic Dictionary of Law 104 (1901); Chisholm v. Georgia, 2 U.S. (Dall.) 419, 447, J L.Ed. 440 
(1793) (Iredell, J.); id., at 468 (Cushing, J.); Cotton v. United States, 52 U.S. (1] How.) 229, 231, 13 L.Ed. 675 
(1851) (“Every sovereign State is of necessity a body politic, or artificial person”); Poindexter v. Greenhow 
114 U.S. 270, 288, 5 S.Ct. 903, 29 L.Ed. 185 (1885); McPherson v. Blacker, /46 U.S. 1, 24, 13 S.Ct. 3, 6, 36 
L.Ed. 869 (1892); Heim v. McCall, 239 U.S. 175, 188, 36_S.Ct. 78, 82, 60 L.Ed. 206 (1915). See also United 
States v. Maurice, 2 Brock. 96, 109, 26 F.Cas. 1211 (CC Va.1823) (Marshall, C.J.) (“The United States is a 
government, and, consequently, a body politic and corporate ’”’); Van Brocklin v. Tennessee, 1/7 U.S. 151, 154, 
6 S.Ct. 670, 672, 29 L.Ed. 845 (1886) (same). Indeed, the very legislators who passed § 1 referred to States in 
these terms. See, e.g., Cong. Globe, 42d Cong., Ist Sess., 661-662 (1871) (Sen. Vickers) (“What is a State? Is *79 
it not a body politic and corporate?”’); id., at 696 (Sen. Edmunds) (“A State is a corporation”). 


























The reason why States are “bodies politic and corporate” is simple: just as a corporation is an entity that can 


act only through its agents, “[t/he State is a political corporate body, can act only through agents, and can 
command only by laws.” Poindexter v. Greenhow, supra, //4 U.S., at 288, 5 S.Ct. at 912-913. See also Black’s 


Law Dictionary 159 (5th ed. 1979) (“[B]ody politic or corporate”: “A social compact by which the whole people 
covenants with each citizen, and each citizen with the whole people, that all shall be governed by certain laws for 
the common good”). As a “body politic and corporate,” a State falls squarely within the Dictionary Act's 
definition of a “person.” 





While it is certainly true that the phrase “bodies politic and corporate” referred to private and public 
corporations, see ante, at 2311, and n. 9, this fact does not draw into question the conclusion that this phrase 
also applied to the States. Phrases may, of course, have multiple referents. Indeed, each and every dictionary 
cited by the Court accords a broader realm-one **2317 that comfortably, and in most cases explicitly, includes 
the sovereign-to this phrase than the Court gives it today. See 1B. Abbott, Dictionary of Terms and Phrases Used 
in American or English Jurisprudence 155 (1879) (“[T]he term body politic is often used in a general way, as 
meaning the state or the sovereign power, or the city government, without implying any distinct express 
incorporation”); W. Anderson, A Dictionary of Law 127 (1893) (“[B]ody politic”: “The governmental, sovereign 
power: a city or a State”); Black’s Law Dictionary 143 (1891) (“[B]ody politic”: “It is often used, in a rather 
loose way, to designate the state or nation or sovereign power, or the government of a county or municipality, 
without distinctly connoting any express and individual corporate charter”); 1A. Burrill, A Law Dictionary and 
Glossary 212 (2d ed. 1871) (“[{Blody politic”: “A body to take in succession, framed by policy”; 
“[p]articularly*80 applied, in the old books, to a Corporation sole”); id., at 383 (“Corporation sole” includes 
the sovereign in England). 

[Will v. Michigan Dept. of State Police, 491 U.S. 58, 109 S.Ct. 2304 (U.S.Mich.,1989)] 





“To lay, with one hand, the power of the government on the property of the citizen, and with the other to bestow 


it upon favored individuals to aid private enterprises and build up private fortunes, is none the less a robber 


because it is done under the forms of law and is called taxation. This is not legislation. It is a decree under 


legislative forms. 


Nor is it taxation. ‘A tax,’ says Webster’s Dictionary, ‘is a rate or sum of money assessed on the person or 





roperty of a citizen by government for the use of the nation or State.’ ‘Taxes are burdens or charges imposed 
by the Legislature upon persons or property to raise money for public purposes.’ Cooley, Const. Lim., 479. 


Coulter, J., in Northern Liberties v. St. John’s Church, 13 Pa. St., 104 says, very forcibly, ‘T think the common 
mind has everywhere taken in the understanding that taxes are a public imposition, levied by authority of the 


government for the purposes of carrying on the government in all its machinery and operations—that they are 
imposed for a public purpose.’ See, also Pray v. Northern Liberties, 31 Pa.St., 69; Matter of Mayor of N.Y., 11 


De Facto Government Scam 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 


Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 


affairs of the government as jurists and voters and NOT full-time “employees” or “officers” of the corporation. 


Taxes collected are used ONLY for the support of government and not private citizens. This means that taxes may not 
be used to pay “benefits” to private citizens, nor may benefit programs be used as a way to make private citizens into 
public officers or employees and thereby destroy the separation of powers between what is public and what is private. 





111 of 390 


EXHIBIT: 


on Aw 


24 


25 
26 
27 


28 


29 
30 
31 
32 
33 


34 


35 
36 
37 
38 


39 


40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 


47 
48 
49 
50 


Johns., 77; Camden v. Allen, 2 Dutch., 398; Sharpless v. Mayor, supra; Hanson v. Vernon, 27 Ia., 47; Whiting v. 
Fond du Lac, supra.” 
[Loan Association v. Topeka, 20 Wall. 655 (1874)] 








"A tax, in the general understanding of the term and as used in the constitution, signifies an exaction for the 
support of the government. The word has never thought to connote the expropriation of money from one group 
for the benefit of another." 

[U.S. v. Butler, 297 U.S. 1 (1936)] 


The People individually and not collectively are the “sovereigns” and the “state”, and not their rulers or the government 
that serves them. Because the government is one of delegated powers, the COLLECTIVE can have no more rights, 
powers, or authorities than a single human, and ESPECIALLY against those who are NOT members of the body politic. 
Those who are non-members of the body politic are called “non-resident non-persons”’. 


“State. A people permanently occupying a fixed territory bound together by common-law habits and custom 


into one body politic exercising, through the medium of an organized government, independent sovereignty and 
control over all persons and things within its boundaries, capable of making war and peace and of entering into 
international relations with other communities of the globe. United States v. Kusche, D.C.Cal., 56 F.Supp. 201 
207, 208. The organization of social life which exercises sovereign power in behalf of the people. Delany v. 
Moralitis, C.C.A.Md., 136 F.2d. 129, 130. In its largest sense, a “state” is a body politic or a society of men. 
Beagle v. Motor Vehicle Acc. Indemnification Corp., 44 Misc.2d 636, 254 N.Y.S.2d. 763, 765. A body of people 
occupying a definite territory and politically organized under one government. State ex re. Maisano v. Mitchell, 
155 Conn. 256, 231 A.2d. 539, 542. A territorial unit with a distinct general body of law. Restatement, Second, 
Conflicts, §3. Term may refer either to body politic of a nation (e.g. United States) or to an individual government 
unit of such nation (e.g. California). 


[J 


The people of a state, in their collective capacity, considered as the party wronged by a criminal deed; the public; 
as in the title of a cause, “The State vs. A.B.” 
[Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 1407] 





"The sovereignty of a state does not reside in the persons who fill the different departments of its government, but 
in the People, from whom the government emanated; and they may change it at their discretion. Sovereignty, then 
in this country, abides with the constituency, and not with the agent; and this remark is true, both in reference to 
the federal and state government." 

[Spooner v. McConnell, 22 F. 939, 943] 





"There is no such thing as a power of inherent sovereignty in the government of the United States .... In this 
country sovereignty resides in the people, and Congress can exercise no power which they have not, by their 
Constitution entrusted to it: All else is withheld." 

[Julliard v. Greenman: 110 U.S. 421, (1884)] 


Signs that a “government” is actually a private de facto corporation 


Governments are formed EXCLUSIVELY to protect PRIVATE rights and PRIVATE property. When such governments 
become corrupt and want to STEAL from the people they are supposed to be protecting, they surreptitiously convert ALL 
PRIVATE rights and PRIVATE property into PUBLIC property using deception and words of art. Once they have done the 
conversion, they procure the right to tax the property and extract anything they want from it. Hence, corrupted governments 
conduct a WAR on PRIVATE rights, meaning they set out to do the OPPOSITE purpose for which they were created. The 
U.S. Supreme Court identified the battle line of this war when they ruled on Congress’ first attempt to institute a national 
income tax and declared it unconstitutional: 


“The present assault upon [PRIVATE] capital is but the beginning. It will be but the stepping stone to others 
larger and more sweeping, until our political contest will become war of the poor against the rich; a war of 
growing intensity and bitterness.” 

[Pollock v. Farmers’ Loan & Trust Co., 157 U.S. 429, 158 U.S. 601 (1895).] 





De Facto Government Scam 112 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


31 
32 
33 
34 


35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 


4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 


The “assault on capital” described above is really just an assault on PRIVATE capital by converting it to PUBLIC OFFICES 
and PUBLIC FRANCHISES without the consent of the owner. We allege that ANYTHING that converts PRIVATE property 
or PRIVATE rights into PUBLIC rights or PUBLIC OFFICES or franchises accomplishes a purpose OPPOSITE that for 
which governments are created and hence, constitutes PRIVATE business activity that cannot and should not be protected 
with sovereign immunity. Even if it is attempted by a government officer acting under the “color of law”, it is STILL not 
“government activity” that can be protected by sovereign immunity, but is mere PRIVATE business activity that operates at 
the same level as ANY OTHER business must as a matter of equity. 


See also Clearfield Trust Co. v. United States, 318 U.S. 363, 369 (1943) ("The United States does business on 
business terms'") (quoting United States v. National Exchange Bank of Baltimore, 270 U.S. 527, 534 (1926)); 


Perry v. United States, supra at 352 (1935) ("When the United States, with constitutional authority, makes 
contracts, it has rights and incurs responsibilities similar to those of individuals who are parties to such 





instruments. There is no difference ... except that the United States cannot be sued without its consent") 
(citation omitted); United States v. Bostwick, 94 U.S. 53, 66 (1877) ("The United States, when they contract with 
their citizens, are controlled by the same laws that govern the citizen in that behalf"); Cooke v. United States, 
91 U.S. 389, 398 (1875) (explaining that when the United States ''comes down from its position of sovereignty, 


and enters the domain of commerce, it submits itself to the same laws that govern individuals there"). 


See Jones, I Cl.Ct. at 85 ("Wherever the public and private acts of the government seem to commingle, a citizen 
or corporate body must by supposition be substituted in its place, and then the question be determined whether 
the action will lie against the supposed defendant"); O'Neill v. United States, 231 Ct.Cl. 823, 826 (1982) 


(sovereign acts doctrine applies where, "[wJere [the] contracts exclusively between private parties, the party hurt 
by such governing action could not claim compensation from the other party for the governing action"). The 
dissent ignores these statements (including the statement from Jones, from which case Horowitz drew its 
reasoning literally verbatim), when it says, post at 931, that the sovereign acts cases do not emphasize the need 
to treat the government-as-contractor the same as a private party. 

[United States v. Winstar Corp. 518 U.S. 839 (1996) ] 





Based on the above, we can see that when one or more of the following occurs, we are no longer dealing with a “government”, 
but rather a private corporation and franchise or “employer” in which a “citizen” is really just an “employee” of the private 
pseudo-government corporation who has no choice but to do exactly and only what they are commanded to do through 
corporate policy disguised to “look” like public law but which in actuality is just special law or private law that is part of 
their employment agreement: 


1. Taxing Power Abused to pay “benefits” to Private Citizens. It has always been a violation of the constitution to pay 
public monies to otherwise private citizens. This constraint is avoided by making EVERYONE into a statutory rather 
than constitutional citizen and defining such citizen as a public officer and/or statutory “employee” within the 
government. Such “benefits” include such things as Social Security, Medicare, etc. See: 
The Government “Benefits” Scam, Form #05.040 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 
2. Consent of the governed: Government refuses to acknowledge the requirement for consent of the governed. For instance: 
2.1. They do not recognize, protect, or enforce the First Amendment right to politically and civilly disassociate with the 
body corporate to become a STATUTORY “non-resident non-person” protected by the common law and the 
constitution and not subject to the civil statutory protection franchise or code. 

2.2. They do a tax assessment without respecting the requirement for consent to the assessment mandated by 26 U.S.C. 
§6020(b). See: 

Why the Government Can't Lawfully Assess Human Beings With an Income Tax Liability Without Their Consent, 

Form #05.011 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 
2.3. Courts and administrative bodies refuse to meet the burden of proof as the moving party to demonstrate proof of 

consent in writing to the franchise agreement, such as Internal Revenue Code, Subtitles A and C BEFORE they 
attempt enforcement actions. 

3. Requirement for EXPRESS CONSENT and INTENT ignored or interfered with in becoming a statutory “citizen” or 
“resident”. Domicile requires the coincidence of physical presence within the territory of the sovereign and an intention 
to join the political community that it is a part of. However, tyrants and dictators who rule by force and fraud disregard 
the intention requirement. If you have an “address” or physical presence on their territory, the government “presumes” 
that fact alone constitutes consent to become a “citizen’’, “resident”, or “inhabitant”, thus ignoring the consent and intent 
portion of the domicile requirement. This has the practical effect of turning a republic consisting mainly of private 
property into a monarchy, where everything is public property because the king owns all the land and everyone is nothing 
more than a tenant subject to his whim and pleasure by divine right. British subjects can’t even expatriate from their 
country without permission of the king or queen in fact. They in effect are chattel property of the monarch. If you would 


De Facto Government Scam 113 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 






































YN Dn ws 


20 
21 


22 
23 
24 
25 
26 


27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 


38 


39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 


44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 


6. 


like to see how much land the monarch of England owns, it currently stands at 6 Billion acres. God says that "all the 

earth is mine" (Exodus 19:5)...and the queen of England retorts..."except for the 6 billion 600 million acres I own which 

is 1/6th of the non-ocean surface of the earth.". For proof, see: 

Who Owns the World 

http://www.whoownstheworld.com/about-the-book/largest-landowner/?ref=patrick.net 

Protection of private rights: Government refuses to acknowledge the protections of the Constitution for your private 

rights. For instance: 

4.1. They violate the rules and law protecting private property and convert most or all private property to public property 
illegally. See: 

Separation Between Public and Private Course, Form #12.025 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

4.2. They make the false and self-serving presumption that everyone they interact with in the public is a public officer 
in the government and a franchisee called a “taxpayer” (26 U.S.C. §7701(a)(14)) or statutory but not constitutional 
“U.S. citizen” (8 U.S.C. §1401) 

4.3. They refuse to prosecute those who compel others to use government identifying numbers, thus forcing those so 
compelled to donate formerly private property to a public use, a public purpose, and a public office. 

4.4. They refuse to recognize the existence of “nontaxpayers” or defend their private rights. For instance, enforcing the 
Anti-Injunction Act, 26 U.S.C. §7421 to prevent private parties injured by zealous tax collectors from having their 
private property seized because they are the victim of FALSE information return reports that the IRS refuses to 
correct. 

4.5. They refuse to correct false information returns filed by third parties against those who are non-taxpayers, thus 

compelling private people to involuntarily assume the duties of a public office in the government. They also refuse 

to prosecute the filers of these false reports. See: 
Correcting Erroneous Information Returns, Form #04.001 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

Unalienable rights: Government sets up a franchise or a business whose purpose essentially is to bribe or entice people 

to give up constitutionally protected rights. In modern day terms, that business is called a “franchise”. 





















































“Thus, Congress having power to regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several States, and 
with the Indian tribes, may, without doubt, provide for granting coasting licenses, licenses to pilots, licenses to 
trade with the Indians, and any other licenses necessary or proper for the exercise of that great and extensive 
power; and the same observation is applicable to every other power of Congress, to the exercise of which the 
granting of licenses may be incident. All such licenses confer authority, and give rights to the licensee. 


But very different considerations apply to the internal commerce or domestic trade of the States. Over this 
commerce and trade Congress has no power of regulation nor any direct control. This power belongs exclusively 
to the States. No interference by Congress with the business of citizens transacted within a State is warranted 
by the Constitution, except such as is strictly incidental to the exercise of powers clearly granted to the 
legislature. The power to authorize a business within a State is plainly repugnant to the exclusive power of the 
State over the same subject. It is true that the power of Congress to tax is a very extensive power. It is given in 
the Constitution, with only one exception and only two qualifications. Congress cannot tax exports, and it must 
impose direct taxes by the rule of apportionment, and indirect taxes by the rule of uniformity. Thus limited, and 
thus only, it reaches every subject, and may be exercised at discretion. But, it reaches only existing subjects. 
Congress cannot authorize a trade or business within a State in order to tax it.” 

[License Tax Cases, 72 U.S. 462, 18 L.Ed. 497, 5 Wall. 462, 2 A.F.T.R. 2224 (1866)] 








"It has long been established that a State may not impose a penalty upon those who exercise a right guaranteed 
by the Constitution." Frost & Frost Trucking Co. v. Railroad Comm'n of California, 271 U.S. 583. "Constitutional 
rights would be of little value if they could be indirectly denied,’ Smith v. Allwright, 321 U.S. 649, 644, or 
manipulated out of existence,’ Gomillion v. Lightfoot, 364 U.S. 339, 345." 
[Harman v. Forssenius, 380 U.S. 528 at 540, 85 S.Ct. 1177, 1185 (1965)] 


Equal protection: Government provides unequal protection or unequal benefit to those within its jurisdiction. For 

instance: 

6.1. Government imputes to itself sovereign immunity and the requirement to prove ITS consent when civilly sued, but 
does not enforce the same EQUAL requirement when IT tries to enforce a civil obligation against a citizen. 

6.2. Government allows otherwise PRIVATE Americans to be effectively elected into public office with FALSE 
information return reports and without their consent but refuses to allow its own workers or itself to be elected into 
servitude of anyone else. 





De Facto Government Scam 114 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


44 
45 


46 
47 
48 
49 
50 


51 
52. 
53 
54 


6.3. One group of people pays a different percentage tax rate or amount than another or receives a different benefit in 
exchange for the same amount of money paid in. This violates the apportionment clauses of the constitution. 
6.4. Franchises are abused to make FRANCHISEES inferior to the government grantor. 
7. Franchises are abused to destroy CONSTITUTIONAL remedies and force people into an administrative franchise court 
instead. The main abuse is offering or enforcing them to those domiciled OUTSIDE of federal territory and the 
EXCLUSIVE jurisdiction of Congress. 


"These general rules are well settled: 


(1) That the United States, when it creates rights in individuals against itself [a "public right", which is a 
euphemism for a "franchise" to help the court disguise the nature of the transaction], is under no obligation to 
provide a remedy through the courts, United States ex rel. Dunlap v. Black, 128 U.S. 40, 9 Sup.Ct. 12, 32 L.Ed. 
354; Ex parte Atocha, 17 Wall. 439, 21 L.Ed. 696; Gordon v. United States, 7 Wall. 188, 195, 19 L.Ed. 35; De 
Groot v. United States, 5 Wall. 419, 431, 433, 18 L.Ed. 700; Comegys v. Vasse, I Pet. 193, 212, 7 L.Ed. 108. 


(2) That where a statute creates a right and provides a special remedy, that remedy is exclusive. Wilder 
Manufacturing Co. v. Corn Products Co., 236 U.S. 165, 174, 175, 35 Sup.Ct. 398, 59 L.Ed. 520, Ann. Cas. 1916A, 
118; Arnson v. Murphy, 109 U.S. 238, 3 Sup.Ct. 184, 27 L.Ed. 920; Barnet v. National Bank, 98 U.S. 555, 558, 
25 L.Ed. 212; Farmers’ & Mechanics’ National Bank v. Dearing, 91 U.S. 29, 35, 23 L.Ed. 196. Still the fact that 
the right and the remedy are thus intertwined might not, if the provision stood alone, require us to hold that the 
remedy expressly given excludes a right of review by the Court of Claims, where the decision of the special 
tribunal involved no disputed question of fact and the denial of compensation was rested wholly upon the 
construction of the act. See Medbury v. United States, 173 U.S. 492, 198, 19 Sup.Ct. 503, 43 L.Ed. 779; Parish v. 
MacVeagh, 214 U.S. 124, 29 Sup.Ct. 556, 53 L.Ed. 936; McLean v. United States, 226 U.S. 374, 33 Sup.Ct. 122, 
57 L.Ed. 260; United States v. Laughlin (No. 200), 249 U.S. 440, 39 Sup.Ct. 340, 63 L.Ed. 696, decided April 14, 
1919." 

[U.S. v. Babcock, 250 U.S. 328, 39 S.Ct. 464 (1919)] 


8. Courts are converted from CONSTITUTIONAL courts to STATUTORY FRANCHISE or ADMINISTRATIVE 
FRANCHISE courts. Examples: 1. U.S. Tax Court; 2. Traffic court; 3. Family Court. Such courts are really just 
binding arbitration boards for fellow public officers within the Executive Branch of the government. At the present time, 
all United States District Courts and Circuit Courts are NOT expressly authorized by Congress to hear any Article III 
Constitutional issue. Instead, they are legislative franchise courts that administer ONLY federal property under Article 
4, Section 3, Clause 2 of the USA Constitution. See the following for proof: 

8.1. Government Instituted Slavery Using Franchises, Form #05.030, Section 24 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

8.2. What Happened to Justice?, Form #06.012-proves that there are NOT any constitutional courts left at the federal 
level accessible to the average American. 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

9. There is no “body politic”. All those who participate in the affairs of the government as statutory “voters” or “citizens” 
are in fact franchisees and public officers of the government with an financial and personal conflict of interest. 

9.1. There is no one outside the pseudo-government private corporation who any of the people in pseudo-government 
can be or are accountable to, and certainly no one who has Constitutional rights. 

9.2. They are violating their state constitutions, because most state constitutions forbid anyone from simultaneously 
serving as a public officer in the federal government and the state government. Federal taxpayers are public officers 
(engaged in a “trade or business” as defined in 26 U.S.C. §7701(a)(26) ) in the federal government while state 
“taxpayers” are similarly public officers in the state government. 





CALIFORNIA CONSTITUTION 
ARTICLE 7 PUBLIC OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES 


SEC. 7. A person holding a lucrative office under the United States or other power may not hold a civil office 
of profit [within the state government]. A local officer or postmaster whose compensation does not exceed 500 
dollars per year or an officer in the militia or a member of a reserve component of the armed forces of the United 


States except where on active federal duty for more than 30 days in any year is not a holder of a lucrative office, 
nor is the holding of a civil office of profit affected by this military service. 


9.3. Everyone who participates as a jurist or voter in any proceeding involving taxation and who is a recipient of federal 
“benefits” is committing a crime by having a conflict of interest in violation of: 
9.3.1. 18 U.S.C. §208 in the case of statutory but not constitutional “citizens” and “taxpayers”. 
9.3.2. 28 U.S.C. §144, and 28 U.S.C. §455 in the case of judges. 





De Facto Government Scam 115 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


oN Dn FF BW NY 


26 


28 


10. 


11. 


12. 


13. 


14. 


9.3.3. 18 U.S.C. §201: Bribery of public officials and witnesses. All jurists and all “taxpayers” are public officers 
in the government and receipt of federal “benefits” bribes them to perpetuate the “benefit” when taxes are at 
issue. 

9.4. If you try to participate as a jurist or voter as a constitutional but not statutory citizen, the registrar of voters and the 
jury commissioner will expel you and refuse to address the legal evidence proving that he or she is committing a 
FRAUD upon the public by preventing REAL constitutional but not statutory citizens from participating. 
Consequently, any tax imposed upon constitutional citizens is taxation without representation. We have watched 
this process first hand. See: 

Jury Summons Response Attachment, Form #06.015 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

An enterprise or portion of the government is not a “body politic”, but only a “body corporate’. For instance, the “District 

of Columbia” is a “body corporate”, but NOT a “body politic”, which means it is not part of the government, but a private 

corporation. Yet, sovereign immunity is abused by the corrupt corporate courts to protect the activities of this private 
corporation. 

Practicing federal attorneys take an oath to the wrong sovereign. Their oath ought to be to the people and the “State” 

they serve, but instead is to the government. The two are not the same. See: 

Petition for Admission to Practice, Family Guardian Fellowship 

http://famguardian.org/Subjects/LawAndGovt/LegalEthics/PetForAdmToPractice-USDC.pdf 

“Words of Art” are abused to illegally expand definitions in such a way that PRIVATE rights and PRIVATE party 

unlawfully become the subject of any government enforcement authority. This kind of abuse is very commonly done 

with definitions in the Internal Revenue Code. The following document explains and proves this kind of abuse: 
Legal Deception, Propaganda, and Fraud, Form #05.014 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

All powers are derived or delegated directly from the people: Government arrogates authority to itself that it denies to 

others and thereby becomes the equivalent of a pagan deity and an object of idol worship. 

Government dispenses with one or more of the three elements needed to make it valid: People, Laws, and Territory. For 

instance, if the government tries to setup a “virtual state” using territory borrowed from another government that is not 

its own, then it can no longer be called a government. This, in fact, is exactly how state income taxes function. State 
income taxes presume a domicile on federal territory borrowed from the federal government. State income taxes are 

imposed under the authority of the Buck Act of 1940 and the Public Salary Tax Act of 1939, which are codified at 4 

U.S.C. §106 and 5 U.S.C. §5517. See: 

State Income Taxes, Form #05.031 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 



















































































Next, we will provide a tabular comparison of a de jure government and a de facto private corporation to synthesize all the 
points in the previous subsections into one place: 


Table 2: ''De jure government" and ''De Facto Private corporation" compared 








# 


Characteristic De jure government De facto private corporation 








1 


Territory, laws, and people? Yes No. Only contracts/franchises and 
corporate “employees” that do not 
attach to specific territory. 





Purpose of establishment Protect PRIVATE rights 1. Protect PUBLIC rights and 
convert all PRIVATE rights into 
PUBLIC rights/franchises. 

2. Expand the corporation and 
centralize all power to the 
CEO/President. 





Private rights are unalienable Yes No. All rights are 
PUBLIC/CORPORATE rights 











Equal protection of all? Yes No. Only corporate “employees” are 
protected. All others are 
TERRORIZED until they join the 
corporation. 


























De Facto Government Scam 116 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


1 


























# | Characteristic De jure government De facto private corporation 
5 Civil laws based on consent of the | Yes No. All civil law is corporate policy 
governed? that forms the employment agreement 
for officers of the corporation. 
6 Powers derived from The Sovereign People, both CEO and Board of Directors of the 
individually and collectively Corporation. “Employees” must do as 
they are told or they are FIRED and/or 
persecuted 
7 Body corporate? Yes Yes 
8 Body politic? Yes No 
9 Taxes used only for Support of government Support of employees and officers of 
the corporation, which is EVERYONE. 
Called “benefits” and dispensed under 
a civil franchise. 
































8 De Facto government is “The Beast” spoken of in the Holy Bible 





DAD, ['M 
CONSIDERING 
A CAREER IN 


ORGANISED 
CRIME. 





Jesus Himself said the entire world is “in the sway of the wicked one”, meaning controlled by Satan. The world cannot be 
controlled by Satan unless all of its rulers are also controlled by Satan: 


“We know that we are of God, and the whole world lies under the sway of the wicked one [Satan].” 
[1 John 5:19, Bible, NKJV] 


When Jesus was in the wilderness being tempted by Satan, Satan offered Him all the kingdoms of the world if he would bow 
down and worship Satan. Satan could not have offered these Kingdoms unless he controlled the rulers. 


"Again, the devil took Him [Jesus] up on an exceedingly high mountain, and showed Him all the kingdoms of the 
world and their glory. And he said to Him, "All these things I will give You if You will fall down and worship 
me. [Satan]" 


"Then Jesus said to him, "Away with you, Satan! For it is written, "You shall worship the LORD your God, and 
Him only you shall serve."" 


"Then the devil left Him, and behold, angels came and ministered to Him." 
[Matt. 4:8-11, Bible, NKJV] 








De Facto Government Scam 117 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


21 
22 


23 
24 
25 
26 
27 


28 
29 
30 
31 


32 
33 
34 
35 
36 


37 
38 
39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 


Satan was trying to get Jesus to commit idolatry by worshipping, serving, or subsidizing something OTHER than the one and 
only God. There are many forms of idolatry, including idolatry towards money, sex, power, political rulers, or even 


government. 


God also revealed to the Prophet Samuel that it was a sin to elect a king to be above us or superior to us. 


Jesus also confirmed that the only kind of government we can have is a SERVANT government that serves from below rather 


“Then all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah, and said to him, ‘Look, you are 


old, and your sons do not walk in your ways. Now make us a king to judge us like all the nations [and be OVER 


them]. 


“But the thing displeased Samuel when they said, ‘Give us a king to judge us.’ So Samuel prayed to the Lord. 
And the Lord said to Samuel, ‘Heed the voice of the people in all that they say to you; for they have rejected 
Me, that I should not reign over them. According to all the works which they have done since the day that I 
brought them up out of Egypt, even to this day—with which they have forsaken Me and served other gods—so 


they are doing to you also [government becoming idolatry].” 
[1 Sam. 8:4-8, Bible, NKJV] 





“And when you saw that Nahash king of the Ammonites came against you, you said to me, ‘No, but a king shall 
reign over us,’ when the Lord your God was your king. 


And all the people said to Samuel, “Pray for your servants to the Lord your God, that we may not die; for we 


have added to all our sins the evil of asking a king for ourselves.” 
[1 Sam. 12:12, 19, Bible, NKJV] 


than rules from above: 


Not only does God identify political rulers (kings) as agents and representatives of Satan, but he also identifies the cities 
where they rule and derive their authority as an abomination. The very first city described in the Bible, Babylon, was created 
by Nimrod, who the Bible described as a hunter of men. Gen. 10:8-12. Nimrod was a predator of men, not a protector of 


“You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and those who are great exercise authority over them. 
Yet it shall not be so among you [Christians]; but whoever desires to become great among you, let him be your 
servant. And whoever desires to be first among you, let him be your slave---just as the Son of Man did not come 
to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.” 

[Matthew 20:25-28, Bible, NKJV] 


them. Hence, a “mighty hunter’, as the Bible describes him. For a fascinating sermon on this subject, see: 








SEDM Sermons, Section 4.1: Statism 
http://sedm.org/Sermons/Sermons.htm 








The passage below talks about what God thinks of evolutionists. Evolutionists believe that they descended from a rock or a 
tree through “natural selection”. Notice the comment about cities being gods. In the old days, each city had a King and that 
king was the personification of the city and a pagan deity all his own. People could only enter his presence or the city by 
going through the gate of the city walls, and they had to pledge allegiance to the king to do so, which was privilege induced 


slavery. 


“As the thief is ashamed when he is found out, 

So is the house of Israel ashamed; 

They and their kings and their princes, and their priests and their prophets, 
Saying to a tree, ‘You are my father,’ 

And to a stone, ‘You gave birth to me.’ 

For they have turned their back to Me, and not their face. 
But in the time of their trouble 

They will say, ‘Arise and save us.’ 

But where are your gods that you have made for yourselves? 
Let them arise, 

If they can save you in the time of your trouble; 

For according to the number of your cities 


Are your gods, O Judah. 
[Jeremiah 2:26-28, Bible, NKJV] 





De Facto Government Scam 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 


Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 





EXHIBIT: 


26 
27 
28 


29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 


36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
4l 
42 


43 


44 


45 


46 


47 


48 
49 


50 
51 


The passage above is also confirmed by the following, which is an address to the King of Babylon and indirectly to Lucifer 
himself: 


“All the kings of the nations, 

All of them, sleep in glory, 

Everyone in his own house; 

But you are cast out of your grave 

Like an abominable branch, 

Like the garment of those who are slain, 
Thrust through with a sword, 

Who go down to the stones of the pit, 

Like a corpse trodden underfoot. 

You will not be joined with them in burial, 
Because you have destroyed your land 
And slain your people. 

The brood of evildoers shall never be named. 
Prepare slaughter for his children 
Because of the iniquity of their fathers, 
Lest they rise up and possess the land, 


And fill the face of the world with cities.” 
[Isaiah 14:18-21, Bible, NKJV] 


The Bible book of Revelation talks about “The Beast”, by describing it as “the kings of the earth”, which in contemporary 
times would simply be political rulers. 


“And I saw the beast, the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against Him who 
sat on the horse and against His army.” 
[Rev. 19:19 , Bible, NKJV] 


Notice that the Beast and the kings of the earth are both fighting against God and are on the same side. Political rulers 
throughout history have constantly warred against God. Isaiah 14 also reveals that these same kings and rulers are agents of 
Satan and not God. The message below is addressed to the King of Babylon, who is the same Beast personified above: 


“Hell from beneath is excited about you, 


To meet you [the King of Babylon] at your coming; 


It stirs up the dead for you, 

All the chief ones of the earth; 

It has raised up from their thrones 
All the kings of the nations. 


They all shall speak and say to you: 


“Have you also become as weak as we? 
Have you become like us? 

Your pomp is brought down to Sheol, 

And the sound of your stringed instruments; 
The maggot is spread under you, 

And worms cover you.’ 

[Isaiah 14:9-11, Bible, NKJV] 


Conclusion from the above: 
1. The King of Babylon is going to hell: 
“Hell from beneath is excited about you, to meet you at your coming ”. 
2. All kings of the nations were raised to their thrones by Hell: 
“Hell from beneath...it has raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations”. 


3. All the dead kings are already in hell. That is the only way they could be raised up by Hell to speak to the King of 
Babylon in the first place. 


A woman, Babylon the Great Harlot, is described as fornicating with this Beast and living a life of luxury. She is, in fact 
SATAN’S WHORE. 





De Facto Government Scam 119 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


RwNe 


22 
23 
24 


25 
26 
27 


28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 


34 
35 
36 
37 


38 
39 
40 


41 


42 
43 
44 


45 
46 


47 
48 


“Come, I will show you the judgment of the great harlot [Babylon the Great Harlot] who sits on many waters, 
with whom the kings of the earth [politicians and rulers] committed fornication, and the inhabitants of the earth 
were made drunk [indulged] with the wine of her fornication.” 

[Rev. 17:1-2 , Bible, NKJV] 


“The waters which you saw, where the harlot sits, are peoples, multitudes, nations, and tongues.” 
[Rev. 17:15 , Bible, NKJV] 


This woman is, in fact, conducting commerce with political rulers. Not surprisingly, Black’s Law Dictionary defines 
“commerce” as “intercourse”. Hence, the term “fornication” refers to commercial relations of God’s people with political 
rulers. 


“Commerce. ...Intercourse by way of trade and traffic between different peoples or states and the citizens or 
inhabitants thereof, including not only the purchase, sale, and exchange of commodities, but also the 
instrumentalities [governments] and agencies by which it is promoted and the means and appliances by which it 
is carried on...” 

[Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 269] 


Babylon the Great Harlot is further described as follows: 


“And I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast which was full of names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten 
horns. The woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls, 
having in her hand a golden cup full of abominations and the filthiness of her fornication. And on her forehead a 
name was written: 


MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE 
EARTH. 


I saw the woman, drunk with the blood of the saints and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus. And when I saw 
her, I marveled with great amazement.” 
[Rev. 17:3-6 , Bible, NKJV] 


What is the “Mother ...of the abominations of the earth?”. Well, the Bible says that the love of money is the root of ALL 
EVIL. Certainly evil itself is an abomination. Hence, the Harlot loves money more than she loves truth, justice, equality, or 
a lawful government. Included within the category of money is “government benefits”: 


"For the love of money [and even government “benefits”, which are payments] is the root of all evil: which 
while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows. But 
thou, O man of God, flee these things; and follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love, patience, meekness. 
Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, whereunto thou art also called, and hast professed a good 


profession before many witnesses.” 
[1 Timothy 6:5-12, Bible, NKJV] 





What about the phrase: “Mystery, Babylon” in Rev. 17:3-6? The mystery about this woman is that she was ignorant and 
dependent, and that ignorance and dependence caused her to fornicate with the Beast. Most of that ignorance relates to 
ignorance about law. Anything that an ignorant person does not understand is a “mystery” that incidentally, never gets solved 
because laziness and dependency was the cause of the ignorance in the first place: 


“The hand of the diligent will rule, 
But the lazy [or irresponsible] man will be put to forced labor.” 
[Prov. 12:24, Bible, NKJV] 





Babylon the Great Harlot is a slave to her own sin, and the main sin she engages in is ignorance. 


“Most assuredly, I say to you, whoever commits sin is a slave of sin. And a slave does not abide in the house 
forever, but a son abides forever. 
[John 8:34-35, Bible, NKJV] 


How did this woman become ignorant and dependent? By being “put to sleep” intellectually and “sleeping with the Beast” 
in public schools run by the De Facto Government Beast. 


"My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge..!" 
[Hosea 4:6, Bible, NKJV] 





De Facto Government Scam 120 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


wn 


Co ND 


33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 


40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 


Human beings are the only animal in all of nature STUPID enough to turn their own offspring over to THE ENEMY to be 
raised, programmed, and indoctrinated: 


"Give me your four year-olds and in a generation I will build a socialist state. . .destroy the family and the society 
will collapse." 
[Vladimir Lenin, Communist] 


The Bible Book of Revelation was written by the Apostle John, while he was exiled by the Roman government on the island 
of Patmos as a punishment for his political views. It was actually written as an encrypted condemnation of the oppressors 
who exiled him while he was in exile. That is why he had to use so much symbolism and vague metaphors in the Book of 
Revelation. 


Thomas Paine, one of the men responsible for fomenting the American revolution, said: 


"That government is best which governs least." 
[Thomas Paine] 


A corollary to this axiom is that the best government is SELF-GOVERNMENT under God’s laws with NO external man- 
made government, because they are ALL corrupt and love YOUR money more than they love truth or justice anyway. 


We argue that all civil rulers who derive their authority from anything but God and His law are agents of Satan who ultimately 
will resort to unlawful force, licensing, and compelled enumeration (666) to place the people they are supposed to be 
protecting into compelled servitude and subjection to them. THAT is what “the Beast” is really referring to in the Bible book 
of Revelations. To wit: 


So Samuel told all the words of the LORD to the people who asked him for a king. And he said, “This will be the 


behavior of the king who will reign over you: He will take [STEAL] your sons and appoint them for his own 
chariots and to be his horsemen, and some will run before his chariots. He will appoint captains over his 
thousands and captains over his fifties, will set some to plow his ground and reap his harvest, and some to 
make_his_weapons of war_and equipment for _his_chariots. He will take [STEAL] your daughters to be 
perfumers, cooks, and bakers. And he will take [STEAL] the best of your fields, your vineyards, and your olive 
groves, and give them to his servants. He will take [STEAL] a tenth of your grain and your vintage, and give 


it to his officers and servants, And he will take [STEAL] your male servants, your female servants, your finest 


young men, and your donkeys, and put them to his work [as SLAVES]. He will take [STEAL] a tenth of your 


sheep. And you will be his servants. And you will cry out in that day because of your king whom you have 


chosen for yourselves, and the LORD will not hear you in that day.” 


Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they said, “No, but we will have a king over us, 
that we also may be like all the nations, and that our king may judge us and go out before us and fight our battles.” 
[1 Sam. 8:4-20, Bible, NKJV] 





As an example of the above phenomenon of THEFT and FORCE and SLAVERY by corrupt civil rulers, every state in the 
Union and the national government routinely confiscate and close down any business functioning in a licensed field that 
refuses to obtain a license, and they do so AT GUNPOINT against private people who are nonresident and outside their civil 
jurisdiction. Hence, they abuse the police powers of the state to recruit more “public officer” franchisees who are their slaves 
and sponsors. If they really had the legal authority to enforce civilly, they wouldn’t need the consent of the applicant for a 
license as part of a civil franchise Therefore, they are engaging in a mafia extortion and protection racket in which the police 
are the gun wielders. Recall that: 


Franchises are implemented with civil law and civil contracts. 

Civil law has no force against nonresidents. 

3. The jurisdiction to which one is resident as a franchisee is federal territory not within the constitutional state. MOST 
PEOPLE who apply for a license do not satisfy this criteria and therefore apply ILLEGALLY and FRAUDULENTLY. 

4. Those contracting with each other have an inherent right to contract the government OUT of their relationship by 
agreeing that no license is needed or will be enforced. A person who doesn’t want to be protected from abuses that a 
license would prevent should have the right to do so, and any government that interferes with that right is impairing the 
obligation of contracts and thereby undermining the purpose of its creation, which is to protect your right to contract. 

5. By applying for a license, you are consenting to their jurisdiction and effectively waiving your right to claim an injury 

from participating. It is a maxim of law that he who consents cannot complain of an jury. It’s bad enough that de facto 

governments are engaging in a criminal protection racket, but they make it MUCH worst by placing those at gunpoint 

who refuse to consent to become part of it in applying for a license. Hence, they have used the point of a gun as a 


De Facto Government Scam 121 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Ne 





20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 


26 
27 
28 


29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
41 
42 
43 


44 
45 
46 


47 
48 


49 
50 


means to compel people to alienate rights that are supposed to be unalienable. The result is compelled agreement 
produced through fraud and duress, but not true consent. Gangster government at its finest. 


If you bring up the content of this section with a government representative and expose the illegal duress by government, 
they will refuse to address it in an attempt to protect their criminal and illegal and unconstitutional protection racket, and later 
they will single you out for “selective enforcement’, thus further abusing their enforcement powers to silence dissidents just 
as the communists did. We have firsthand experience with this SCAM. 


Therefore, all civil government is “the Beast” as God calls it in Rev. 19:19 and ultimately and unavoidably produces a mafia 
protection racket that plunders rather than truly protects those who seek protection. They create a monopoly on protection 
for themselves, and they use that mafia to force you to become an “employee” or “officer” subject to their supervision instead 
of a “customer” who has the right NOT to seek their services. 


Some really good corroborating sources that confirm the conclusions of this section so far are: 


1. Devil’s Advocate Movie Clip, SEDM. A\ Pacino plays Satan and demonstrates how Satan is taking over the legal 
profession and the government to destroy you and society. Very enlightening 
http://famguardian.org/Media/DevilsAdvocate-Part13.mp4 

2. Society is a Blessing, But Government is Evil. Essay by Thomas Paine, who also authored Common Sense, a document 
that started the American Revolution. 


http://mises.org/story/2897 











9 De Facto Officer Doctrine 


A de facto officer is legally defined as: 


Officer de facto. As distinguished from an officer de jure; this is the designation of one who is in the actual 
possession and administration of the office, under some colorable or apparent authority, although his title to the 
same, whether by election or appointment, is in reality invalid or at least formally questioned. Norton v. Shelby 
County, 6 S.Ct. 1121, 118 U.S. 425, 30 L.Ed. 78; State v. Carroll, 38 Conn. 449, 9 Am.Rep. 409. One who has the 
reputation of being the officer he assumes to be, and yet is not a good officer in point of law. 6 East 368; City of 
Terre Haute v. Burns, 69 Ind.App. 7, 116 N.E. 604, 608; Johnson vy. State, 27 Ga. App. 679,109 S.E. 526,527. 


Official acts of officer de facto are binding on others. McNatt v. State, 130 Tex.Cr.R. 42, 91 S.W.2d. 1068, 1069. 
A de facto officer is also distinguished from a "usurper" who has neither lawful title nor color of right. Smith v. 
City of Jefferson, 75 Or. 179, 146 P. 809. 812. 


To constitute an officer de facto it is not a necessary prerequisite that there shall have been an attempted exercise 
of competent prima facie power of appointment or election; a de facto officer being one whose title is not good 
in law, but who is in fact in the unobstructed possession of an office and is discharging its duties in full view of 
the public, in such manner and under such circumstances as not to present the appearance of being an intruder 
or usurper. U.S. v. Royer, 45 §.Ct. 519, 520, 268 U.S. 394, 69 L.Ed. 1011. A person is a "de facto officer" where 
the duties of the officer are exercised-First, without a known appointment or election, but under such 
circumstances of reputation or acquiescence as were calculated to induce people, without inquiry, to submit to 
or invoke his action, supposing him to be the officer he assumed to be. Second. under color of a known and valid 
appointment or election, but where the officer has failed to conform to some precedent requirement or condition, 
as to take an oath, give a bond, or the like. Third, under color of a known election or appointment, void because 
the officer was not eligible, or because there was a want of power in the electing or appointing body, or by reason 
of some defect or irregularity in its exercise, such ineligibility, want of power, or defect being unknown to the 
public. Fourth. under color of an election or appointment by or pursuant to a public unconstitutional law, before 
the same is adjudged to be such. Wendt v. Berry, 154 Ky. 586, 157 S.W. 1115, 1118, 45 L.R.A,N.S., 1101, Ann.Cas. 
1915C, 493. 


Officer de jure. One who is in all respects legally appointed and qualified to exercise the office. People v. 
Brautigan, 310 Ill. 472, 142 N.E. 208, 211. 
[Black’s Law Dictionary, Fourth Edition, pp. 1235-1236] 


Under the de facto officer doctrine, those wishing to challenge the authority of a de facto officer must do so AT THE 
COMMENCEMENT OF ANY ACTION. Here is an example: 


We find that the failure of the officers to take their antibribery oaths or renew their constitutional oaths and ” 





De Facto Government Scam 122 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


CHOI AUNUEWNHE 


o 


22 
23 


24 


25 
26 


27 


29 
30 


31 


32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
4l 
42 


43 
44 
45 


46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 


52: 
53 


public officers. A de facto officer is one who has the reputation of being an officer and who acts under color of a 
known and valid appointment, but who has failed to conform to some precedent requirement such as taking an 
oath, giving a bond, or the like. Williams v. State, 588 S.W.2d. 593, 595 (Tex. Crim. App. 1979) (citing 
Weatherford v. State, 31 Tex. Crim. 530, 21 S.W. 251 (Tex. Crim. App. 1893)); Delamora v. State, 128 S.W.3d 
344, 2004 Tex. App. LEXIS 1059, No. 03-02-00557-CR, 2004 Tex. App. LEXIS 1059, at *25-33 (Tex. App.--Austin 
Feb. 5, 2004, no pet. h.). Here, there is evidence in the record 





See Ex parte Grundy, 110 Tex. Crim. 367, 8 S.W.2d. 677, 677 (Tex. Crim. App. 1928) 
(validating acts of assistant prosecuting attorney who failed to take oath of office). 


In addition to arguing the failure of a prosecuting attorney to execute her constitutional oath, appellant argued 
that her conviction is void because all three prosecuting attorneys failed to possess written certificates of office. 
She cites section 601.008 of the [Texas] government code for the proposition that one holding an appointed office 
without a written certificate of appointment cannot exercise the power of that appointment. See Tex. Gov't Code 
Ann. § § 601.007, .008(b), (c) (West 1994 & Supp. 2004). 


Section 601.007 states: 


On demand of a citizen of this state, . .. [an] officer of the state or of a municipality who 
is authorized by law to make, order, or audit payment to an officer of the state, of a 
county, or of a municipality of compensation, fees, or perquisites for official services 


*8]_shall, before making, ordering, or auditing the payment, require the officer to 
produce: 


(1) the certificate of election or of appointment to the office that is required by law to be 
issued to the officer; . . 


Id. § 601.007 (West Supp. 2004). Section 601.008 states in relevant part: 


(b) A person who has not been elected or appointed to an office or has not qualified for 
office . . . is not entitled to: 


(2) exercise the powers or jurisdiction of the office. 


(3) The official acts of a person who claims a right to exercise the power or jurisdiction of 
an office contrary to this section are void. 


Id. § 601.008 (West 1994). 


Nothing in those sections requires a written certificate of appointment before exercising the power of the office 
or appointment. To qualify for the office, an assistant prosecuting attorney need only take the constitutional 
oath of office. See id. § 41.103 (West 1988); see also State ex rel. Hill v. Pirtle, 887 S.W.2d. 921, 929 (Tex. Crim. 
App. 1994) (plurality opinion) (stating that assistant prosecuting attorney qualifies by taking constitutional oath); 
Gaitan v. State, 905 S.W.2d. 703, 707 [*9] (Tex. App.--Houston [14th Dist.] 1995, pet. ref'd) (same). In Pirtle, 
the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals indicated that there was no requirement for any sort of written instrument 
to occupy the office of assistant prosecuting attorney. 887 S.W.2d. at 929. Execution of the constitutional oath is 
the only requirement to hold that office. Id. The record indicates that each assistant prosecuting attorney had 
taken the constitutional oath of office. Even if it were true that the prosecuting attorneys were required to hold 
some written certificate of office, their acts, as we have indicated above, were validated under the de facto officer 
doctrine. 


In short, because we find that the DPS Troopers and prosecuting attorneys were acting under color of authority, 
any . We overrule appellant's points 
of error two, three and six. n3 


n3 In her first point of error, appellant challenged the authority of a justice of the peace to issue the search 
warrant. See Tex. Code Crim. Proc. Ann. arts. 18.01, .02 (West 1989). It is undisputed that the State obtained 
appellant's written consent to search. Because we have determined that Trooper Wardlow was a de facto law 
enforcement officer when he secured appellant's consent to search, we need not address appellant's first point of 
error. We find that the State proved by clear and convincing evidence that the defendant freely and voluntarily 
consented. Morton v. State, 761 S.W.2d. 876, 878 (Tex. App.--Austin 1988, pet. ref'd). 


[Amanda Sykes, Appellant v. The State of Texas, Appellee, NO. 03-02-00783-CR, COURT OF APPEALS OF 
TEXAS, THIRD DISTRICT, AUSTIN] 





De Facto Government Scam 123 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


21 
22 
23 
24 


25 
26 


34 
35 
36 


Hence, those wishing to challenge the authority of a de facto officer acting under color of law must: 


1. Challenge the officer for legal evidence of their authority BEFORE allowing the officer to execute any action that 
would adversely affect their rights. The form this legal evidence must take would be a written certificate of election or 
appointment. 

2. Not at any time consent to the actions of the de facto officer. Any act done with your consent cannot form the basis for 
an injury. 


Volunti non fit injuria. 
He who consents cannot receive an injury. 2 Bouv. Inst. n. 2279, 2327; 4 T. R. 657; Shelf. on mar. & Div. 449. 


Consensus tollit errorem. 
Consent removes or obviates a mistake. Co. Litt. 126. 


Melius est omnia mala pati quam malo concentire. 
It is better to suffer every wrong or ill, than to consent to it. 3 Co. Inst. 23. 


Nemo videtur fraudare eos qui sciunt, et consentiunt. 

One cannot complain of having been deceived when he knew the fact and gave his consent. Dig. 50, 17, 145. 
[Bouvier’s Maxims of Law, 1856; 

SOURCE: http://famguardian.org/Publications/BouvierMaximsOfLaw/BouviersMaxims.htm] 


10 How you are DUPED into illegally joining the de facto government as a public 


officer 


The U.S. Supreme Court alluded to the mechanism by which the government carries all of its powers, including its 
enforcement powers, into existence: 


“All the powers of the government [including ALL of its civil enforcement powers against the public] must be 


carried into operation by individual agency, either through the medium of public officers, or contracts made 


with [private] individuals.” 
[Osborn v. Bank of U.S., 22 U.S. 738 (1824) ] 


Therefore, the only way one can become a “person” subject to government civil jurisdiction is through either a contract or 
consenting to occupy and being elected or appointed into a public office. An example of such a contract would be: 


1. Civil Franchises. In law, all government franchises are contracts between the government grantor and the private 
human being. All franchises case those accepting them to become public officers. 


“Tt is generally conceded that a franchise is the subject of a contract between the grantor and the grantee, and 
that it does in fact constitute a contract when the requisite element of a consideration is present.”* Conversely, a 
franchise granted without consideration is not a contract binding upon the state, franchisee, or pseudo- 
franchisee.”* “ 

[36 American Jurisprudence 2d, Franchises, §6: As a Contract (1999)] 


2. Domicile or residence, which are “protection franchises”. Jean Jacque Rousseau and Charles de Montesquieu call this 
contract a “social compact”. A “compact” in fact is legally defined as a contract or agreement. Montesquieu wrote 
The Spirit of Laws upon which the founders based the constitution. 





23 Larson v. South Dakota, 278 U.S. 429, 73 L.Ed. 441, 49 S.Ct. 196; Grand Trunk Western R. Co. v. South Bend, 227 U.S. 544, 57 L.Ed. 633, 33 S.Ct. 303; 
Blair v. Chicago, 201 U.S. 400, 50 L.Ed. 801, 26 S.Ct. 427; Arkansas-Missouri Power Co. v. Brown, 176 Ark. 774, 4 S.W.2d. 15, 58 A.L.R. 534; Chicago 
General R. Co. v. Chicago, 176 Ill. 253, 52 N.E. 880; Louisville v. Louisville Home Tel. Co., 149 Ky. 234, 148 S.W. 13; State ex rel. Kansas City v. East 
Fifth Street R. Co. 140 Mo. 539, 41 S.W. 955; Baker v. Montana Petroleum Co., 99 Mont. 465, 44 P.2d. 735; Re Board of Fire Comrs. 27 N.J. 192, 142 
A.2d. 85; Chrysler Light & P. Co. v. Belfield, 58 N.D. 33, 224 N.W. 871, 63 A.L.R. 1337; Franklin County v. Public Utilities Com., 107 Ohio.St. 442, 140 
N.E. 87, 30 A.L.R. 429; State ex rel. Daniel v. Broad River Power Co. 157 S.C. 1, 153 S.E. 537; Rutland Electric Light Co. v. Marble City Electric Light 
Co., 65 Vt. 377, 26 A. 635; Virginia-Western Power Co. v. Commonwealth, 125 Va. 469, 99 S.E. 723, 9 A.L.R. 1148, cert den 251 U.S. 557, 64 L.Ed. 413, 
40 S.Ct. 179, disapproved on other grounds Victoria v. Victoria Ice, Light & Power Co. 134 Va. 134, 114 S.E. 92, 28 A.L.R. 562, and disapproved on other 
grounds Richmond v. Virginia Ry. & Power Co., 141 Va. 69, 126 S.E. 353. 


4 Pennsylvania R. Co. v. Bowers, 124 Pa. 183, 16 A. 836. 





De Facto Government Scam 124 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


RwNe 


20 
21 


22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 


28 
29 
30 
31 


WwW WwW Ww 
RON 


42 
43 
44 
45 
46 


47 


48 


49 


50 
51 
52: 


There is but one law which, from its nature, needs unanimous consent. This is the social compact; for civil 
association is the most voluntary of all acts. Every man being born free and his own master, no one, under any 
pretext whatsoever, can make any man subject without his consent. To decide that the son of a slave is born a 
slave is to decide that he is not born a man. 


If then there are opponents when the social compact is made, their opposition does not invalidate the contract, 
but merely prevents them from being included in it. They are foreigners among citizens. When the State is 


instituted, residence constitutes consent; to dwell within its territory is to submit to the Sovereign." 


Apart from this primitive contract, the vote of the majority always binds all the rest. This follows from the 


contract itself. But it is asked how a man can be both free and forced to conform to wills that are not his own. 
How are the opponents at once free and subject to laws they have not agreed to? 


I retort that the question is wrongly put. The citizen gives his consent to all the laws, including those which are 
passed in spite of his opposition, and even those which punish him when he dares to break any of them. The 


constant will of all the members of the State is the general will; by virtue of it they are citizens and free. When 
in the popular assembly a law is proposed, what the people is asked is not exactly whether it approves or rejects 
the proposal, but whether it is in conformity with the general will, which is their will. Each man, in giving his 
vote, states his opinion on that point; and the general will is found by counting votes. When therefore the opinion 
that is contrary to my own prevails, this proves neither more nor less than that I was mistaken, and that what I 
thought to be the general will was not so. If my particular opinion had carried the day I should have achieved the 
opposite of what was my will; and it is in that case that I should not have been free. 


This presupposes, indeed, that all the qualities of the general will still reside in the majority: when they cease 
to do so, whatever side a man may take, liberty is no longer possible. 


In my earlier demonstration of how particular wills are substituted for the general will in public deliberation, I 
have adequately pointed out the practicable methods of avoiding this abuse; and I shall have more to say of them 
later on. I have also given the principles for determining the proportional number of votes for declaring that will. 
A difference of one vote destroys equality; a single opponent destroys unanimity; but between equality and 
unanimity, there are several grades of unequal division, at each of which this proportion may be fixed in 
accordance with the condition and the needs of the body politic. 


There are two general rules that may serve to regulate this relation. First, the more grave and important the 
questions discussed, the nearer should the opinion that is to prevail approach unanimity. Secondly, the more the 
matter in hand calls for speed, the smaller the prescribed difference in the numbers of votes may be allowed to 
become: where an instant decision has to be reached, a majority of one vote should be enough. The first of these 
two rules seems more in harmony with the laws, and the second with practical affairs. In any case, it is the 
combination of them that gives the best proportions for determining the majority necessary. 

[The Social Contract or Principles of Political Right, Jean Jacques Rousseau, 1762, Book IV, Chapter 2] 








“Our government is founded upon compact [consent expressed in a written contract called a Constitution]. 


Sovereignty was, and is, in the people [as individuals: that’s you!].” 
[Glass v. The Sloop Betsey, 3 (U.S.) Dall 6] 


Debitum et contractus non sunt nullius loci. 
Debt and contract [franchise agreement, in this case] are of no particular place. 
Locus contractus regit actum. 


The place of the contract [franchise agreement, in this case] governs the act. 
[Bouvier’s Maxims of Law, 1856; 
SOURCE: http://famguardian.org/Publications/BouvierMaximsOfLaw/BouviersMaxims.htm] 





A government that wants to become omnipotent and compete with God for the affection, obedience, and allegiance of the 
people to become a false idol makes EVERYONE into a public officer or de facto public officer, which in turn produces a de 
facto government. 


Within the present de facto state and national governments, everyone is a public officer in the national government and is 
recruited to this status by fraud, presumption, coercion, and deception. This transformation is accomplished in order to 
transcend the territorial limitations of all civil law and replace it with contract law enforceable everywhere. All civil law is 
limited to the territory of the law making power and those domiciled on said territory while contracts with private human 
beings are not limited as to place: 


De Facto Government Scam 125 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


People are unwittingly recruited into the status of being a public officer within the national government by: 


Changing a statutory “U.S. citizen” under federal law into a franchise and decoupling it from one’s true domicile 
outside the statutory “United States”, which is federal territory. This is done in order to: 

1.1. Replace civil law with contract law. 

1.2. Transcend the territorial limits of the national government. 

1.3. Reach people anywhere they are located, including within foreign countries. 

This must be done because it is a maxim of law that debt and contract are not limited to a specific territory, while 
classical, common law citizenship and the domicile that makes it possible IS limited to a specific territory. 

Using governing identifying numbers as a means to recruit people into the public office franchise. 

Compelling or forcing the use of government identifying numbers in the following circumstances: 

3.1. When requesting or invoking government services. 

3.2. When opening financial accounts. 

3.3. Within employment. 

3.4. When obtaining government ID. 

Unlawfully offering or enforcing federal franchises outside of the federal territory they are limited to by statute. This 
includes: 

4.1. Social Security. 

4.2. Federal income taxes. 

4.3. Medicare. 

4.4. Health care. 

Using Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 17(b) as a way to change the civil choice of law in federal court of those who 
participate in the franchise, so that the protections of state law and the separation of powers between the state and 
federal governments can be dispensed with and replaced with federal law. 


The first step in the above process is to turn a statutory “U.S. citizen” into a franchise. The remainder of this section will 
describe in detail how this is deceptive and mechanism works and give you an example of this mechanism from the U.S. 
Supreme Court. 


Sections 3 through 3.3 of the following describe the differences between a constitutional citizen and a statutory citizen and 
how national franchises are used to illegally transform constitutional citizens into statutory citizens and effectively kidnap 
their domicile and move it to federal territory illegally. 





Why You are a “national”, “state national’’, and Constitutional but not Statutory Citizen, Form #05.006 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

















It is very important to understand the following principles of law limiting federal legislative jurisdiction to federal territory 
and property and those domiciled on federal territory: 


1. States of the Union are NOT “territories” of the national government, but rather “foreign states” who by virtue of being 


33 


34 
35 


36 
37 
38 
39 


40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 


“foreign” are beyond the legislative jurisdiction of Congress. 


Corpus Juris Secundum Legal Encyclopedia 
"$1. Definitions, Nature, and Distinctions 


"The word ‘territory,’ when used to designate a political organization has a distinctive, fixed, and legal 
meaning under the political institutions of the United States, and does not necessarily include all the territorial 
possessions of the United States, but may include only the portions thereof which are organized and exercise 
governmental functions under act of congress." 


"While the term ‘territory’ is often loosely used, and has even been construed to include municipal subdivisions 
of a territory, and ‘territories of the' United States is sometimes used to refer to the entire domain over which the 
United States exercises dominion, the word ‘territory,’ when used to designate a political organization, has a 
distinctive, fixed, and legal meaning under the political institutions of the United States, and the term ‘territory’ 
or 'territories' does not necessarily include only a portion or the portions thereof which are organized and 
exercise government functions under acts of congress. The term 'territories' has been defined to be political 
subdivisions of the outlying dominion of the United States, and in this sense the term ‘territory’ is not a description 
of a definite area of land but of a political unit governing and being governed as such. The question whether a 
particular subdivision or entity is a territory is not determined by the particular form of government with which 
it is, more or less temporarily, invested. 





De Facto Government Scam 126 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 


38 
39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 


44 


45 


46 


47 
48 
49 


50 


"Territories' or 'territory' as including 'state' or 'states.'' While the term 'territories of the' United States ma 





under certain circumstances, include the states of the Union, as used in the federal Constitution and in 
ordinary acts of congress "'territory"' does not include a foreign state. 


"As used in this title, the term '‘territories' generally refers to the political subdivisions created by congress, 
and not within the boundaries of any of the several states." 
[86 Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), Territories, §1 (2003)] 


2. It is a canon of statutory construction and interpretation that all federal law is limited to the “territory” and property of 
the national government subject to its exclusive and general jurisdiction. Based on the previous item, that “territory” 
does not include the exclusive jurisdiction of any constitutional state of the Union and includes ONLY federal territory. 
That “territory” could conceivably be within the exterior limits of a state of the Union such as a national park or 
shipyard. 


“Tt is a well established principle of law that all federal regulation applies only within the territorial jurisdiction 
of the United States unless a contrary intent appears.” 
[Foley Brothers, Inc. v. Filardo, 336 U.S. 281 (1949)] 


“The laws of Congress in respect to those matters [outside of Constitutionally delegated powers] do not extend 
into the territorial limits of the states, but have force only in the District of Columbia, and other places that are 
within the exclusive jurisdiction of the national government. ”’) 

[Caha v. U.S., 152 U.S. 211 (1894)] 


“There is a canon of legislative construction which teaches Congress that, unless a contrary intent appears 
[legislation] is meant to apply only within the territorial jurisdiction of the United States.”’) 
[U.S. v. Spelar, 338 U.S. 217 at 222.] 


3. The right of the national government to enforce national law and tax law upon federal territory extends to those 
DOMICILED on federal territory, wherever physically situated. 
3.1. Extraterritorial jurisdiction over those domiciled on federal territory and who are abroad but NOT within a state 
of the Union was recognized in the case of Cook v. Tait, where the U.S. Supreme Court held: 


“Plaintiff assigns against the power not only his rights under the Constitution of the United States, but under 
international law, and in support of the assignments cites many cases. It will be observed that the foundation of 
the assignments is the fact that the citizen receiving the income and the property of which it is the product are 
outside of the territorial limits of the United States. These two facts, the contention is, exclude the existence 
of the power to tax. Or, to put the contention another way, to the existence of the power and its exercise, the 


erson receiving the income and the property from which he receives it must both be within the territorial 
limits of the United States to be within the taxing power of the United States. The contention is not justified, 





and that it is not justified is the necessary deduction of recent cases. In United States v. Bennett, 232 U.S. 299 


the power of the United States to tax a foreign-built yacht owned and used during the taxing period outside of the 
[265 U.S. 55] United States by a citizen domiciled in the United States was sustained. The tax passed on was 
imposed by a tariff act, but necessarily the power does not depend upon the form by which it is exerted.” 

[Cook v. Tait, 265 U.S. 47 (1924)] 














The important point of the above is that so long as the person claims to be a “citizen of the United States” under 
federal statutory law, then he or she is a “taxpayer”, regardless of what domicile they claim. 
3.2. All tax liability is a civil liability in a de jure government which attaches to one’s choice of domicile. The only 
way to lawfully decouple tax liability from domicile is to create a PRIVATE LAW franchise contract in which: 
3.2.1. The “taxpayer” is a public officer engaged in franchises by private law contract. Since the franchise is a 
contract, that contract is enforceable anywhere: 


Debitum et contractus non sunt nullius loci. 
Debt and contract [franchise agreement, in this case] are of no particular place. 
Locus contractus regit actum. 


The place of the contract [franchise agreement, in this case] governs the act. 
[Bouvier’s Maxims of Law, 1856; 
SOURCE: http://famguardian.org/Publications/BouvierMaximsOfLaw/BouviersMaxims.htm] 





3.2.2. The public officer is representing a federal corporation that IS a statutory “U.S. citizen” per 8 U.S.C. §1401. 





De Facto Government Scam 127 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 


36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 


46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 
53 
54 
55 
56 
57 
58 


3.2.3. Information returns filed against the “taxpayer” connect them to the public office, and therefore provide 


evidence that the party was engaged in the franchise. 


3.3. The right to tax those domiciled on federal territory includes those who are statutory but not constitutional “U.S. 
citizens” per 8 U.S.C. §1401 or “Resident aliens” per 26 U.S.C. §7701(b)(4)(B), who have in common a domicile 
on federal territory. Hence, they are subject to the civil laws of the United States wherever they physically are. 

3.4. A corollary is that those born or naturalized anywhere in the Union and domiciled in a foreign state, such as either 
a foreign nation or a Constitutional but not statutory state of the Union, are NOT statutory “U.S. citizens” per 8 
U.S.C. §1401 or “Resident aliens” per 26 U.S.C. §7701(b)(4)(B), but rather non-resident non-persons, “nationals” 
under federal law per 8 U.S.C. §1101(a)(21), and “stateless persons” beyond the legislative jurisdiction of 
Congress. Note in the ruling below that Bettison was described as “stateless” because he was not domiciled on 
federal territory in a statutory federal “State”, but rather in a foreign state and foreign country that is not subject to 
federal law, which in this case was Venezuela but could also have been a constitutional state of the Union. 


At oral argument before a panel of the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals, Judge Easterbrook inquired as to the 
statutory basis for diversity jurisdiction, an issue which had not been previously raised either by counsel or by 
the District Court Judge. In its complaint, Newman-Green had invoked 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a)(3), which confers 
jurisdiction in the District Court when a citizen of one State sues both aliens and citizens of a State (or States) 
different from the plaintiff's. In order to be a citizen of a State within the meaning of the diversity statute, a 
natural person must both be a citizen of the United States and be domiciled within the State. See Robertson v. 
Cease, 97 U.S. 646, 648-649 (1878); Brown v. Keene, 8 Pet. 112, 115 (1834). The problem in this case is that 


Bettison, although a United States citizen, has no domicile in any State. He is therefore ''stateless"' for purposes 
of § 1332(a)(3). Subsection 1332(a)(2), which confers jurisdiction in the District Court when a citizen of a 


State sues aliens only, also could not be satisfied because Bettison is a United States citizen. [490 U.S. 829] 





When a plaintiff sues more than one defendant in a diversity action, the plaintiff must meet the requirements of 
the diversity statute for each defendant or face dismissal. Strawbridge v. Curtiss, 3 Cranch 267 (1806).{1} Here, 
Bettison's "stateless" status destroyed complete diversity under § 1332(a)(3), and his United States citizenship 
destroyed complete diversity under § 1332(a)(2). Instead of dismissing the case, however, the Court of Appeals 
panel granted Newman-Green's motion, which it had invited, to amend the complaint to drop Bettison as a party, 
thereby producing complete diversity under § 1332(a)(2). 832 F.2d. 417 (1987). The panel, in an opinion by 
Judge Easterbrook, relied both on 28 U.S.C. §1653 and on Rule 21 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure as 
sources of its authority to grant this motion. The panel noted that, because the guarantors are jointly and severally 
liable, Bettison is not an indispensable party, and dismissing him would not prejudice the remaining guarantors. 
832 F.2d. at 420, citing Fed.Rule Civ.Proc. 19(b). The panel then proceeded to the merits of the case, ruling in 
Newman-Green's favor in large part, but remanding to allow the District Court to quantify damages and to 
resolve certain minor issues. {2} 

[Newman-Green yv. Alfonso Larrain, 490 U.S. 826 (1989)] 





The right of the federal government to officiate and legislate over its own chattel property extends EVERYWHERE in 
the Union and wherever said property is physically located. 
4.1. Jurisdiction over government chattel property extends to every type of property owned by said government. In 


law: 


4.1.1. All rights are property. 
4.1.2. Anything that conveys rights is property. 
4.1.3. Contracts convey rights and are therefore “property”. 
4.1.4. All franchises are contracts between the grantor and the grantee and therefore “property”. 
4.2. This jurisdiction over chattel property originates from Article 4, Section 3, Clause 2 of the United States 
Constitution. 


“The Constitution permits Congress to dispose of and to make all needful rules and regulations respecting the 
territory or other property belonging to the United States. This power applies as well to territory belonging to 
the United States within the States, as beyond them. It comprehends all the public domain, wherever it may be. 
The argument is, that the power to make ‘ALL needful rules and regulations‘ ‘is a power of legislation,’ ‘a 


ull legislative power; ‘that it includes all subjects of legislation in the territory, ‘and is without any limitations 





except the positive prohibitions which affect all the powers of Congress. Congress may then regulate or prohibit 


slavery upon the public domain within the new States, and such a prohibition would permanently affect the 
capacity of a slave, whose master might carry him to it. And why not? Because no power has been conferred on 
Congress. This is a conclusion universally admitted. But the power to ‘make rules and regulations respecting 
the territory‘ is not restrained by State lines, nor are there any constitutional prohibitions upon its exercise in 
the domain of the United States within the States; and whatever rules and regulations respecting territory 


Congress may constitutionally make are supreme, and are not dependent on the situs of ‘the territory.’ 
[Dred Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. 393, 509-510 (1856)] 





De Facto Government Scam 128 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


oN Dn 


21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 


29 


30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 


36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
4l 
42 


43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 


4.3. The jurisdiction of federal district and circuit courts is limited almost exclusively to disputes involving chattel 
property and franchises. All such courts, in fact, are created and maintained under Article 4, Section 3, Clause 2 
of the united States Constitution and they are NOT created under the authority of Article III of the United States 
Constitution. NOWHERE, in fact, within the statutes creating such administrative franchise courts is Article III 
expressly invoked such as it is in the case of the Court of International Trade. Hence, the only REAL Article II 
courts are the Court of International Trade and the U.S. Supreme Court. Every other federal court is an Article IV 
franchise court that can only manage property. These conclusions are exhaustively established with thousands of 

ages of evidence in the following book on our website: 


What Happened to Justice?, Form #06.012 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 





We wish to elaborate further on the case of Cook v. Tait, 265 U.S. 47 (1924) mentioned above because it is very effective in 
illustrating the main thesis of this section. Ordinarily, and especially in the case of states of the Union, domicile within that 
state by the state “citizen” is the determining factor as to whether an income tax is owed to the state by that citizen: 


"domicile. A person's legal home. That place where a man has his true, fixed, and permanent home and 
principal establishment, and to which whenever he is absent he has the intention of returning. Smith v. Smith, 
206 Pa.Super. 310m 213 A.2d. 94. Generally, physical presence within a state and the intention to make it one's 
home are the requisites of establishing a "domicile" therein. The permanent residence of a person or the place 
to which he intends to return even though he may actually reside elsewhere. A person may have more than one 


residence but only one domicile. The legal domicile of a person is important since it, rather than the actual 
residence, often controls the jurisdiction of the taxing authorities and determines where a person may exercise 


the privilege of voting and other legal rights and privileges." 
[Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 485] 


"Thus, the Court has frequently held that domicile or residence, more substantial than mere presence in transit 
or sojourn, is an adequate basis for taxation, including income, property, and death taxes. Since the Fourteenth 
Amendment makes one a citizen of the state wherein he resides, the fact of residence creates universally 
reciprocal duties of protection by the state and of allegiance and support by the citizen. The latter obviously 
includes a duty to pay taxes, and their nature and measure is largely a political matter. Of course, the situs of 


property may tax it regardless of the citizenship, domicile, or residence of the owner, the most obvious illustration 
being a tax on realty laid by the state in which the realty is located." 
[Miller Brothers Co. v. Maryland, 347 U.S. 340 (1954)] 


We also establish the connection between domicile and tax liability in the following article. 





Why Domicile and Becoming a “Taxpayer” Require Your Consent, Form #05.002 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

















Only in the case of the national government for Americans abroad are factors OTHER than domicile even relevant, as pointed 
out in Cook v. Tait. What “OTHER” matters might those be? Well, in the case of Cook, the thing taxed is a franchise, and 
that status of being a statutory but not constitutional “U.S. citizen” abroad exercising what the courts call “privileges and 
immunities” of the national government is the franchise. Note the language in Cook v. Tait, which attempted to connect the 
American located and domiciled “abroad” in Mexico with receipt of a government “benefit” and therefore excise taxable 
“privilege” and franchise. 


We may make further exposition of the national power as the case depends upon it. It was illustrated at once in 
United States v. Bennett by a contrast with the power of a state. It was pointed out that there were limitations 


upon the latter that were not on the national power. The taxing power of a state, it was decided, encountered at 
its borders the taxing power of other states and was limited by them. There was no such limitation, it was 
pointed out, upon the national power, and that the limitation upon the states affords, it was said, no ground 


‘or constructing a barrier around the United States, 'shutting that government off from the exertion of powers 


which inherently belong to it by virtue of its sovereignty.' 


“The contention was rejected that a citizen's property without the limits of the United States derives no benefit 
from the United States. The contention, it was said, came from the confusion of thought in 'mistaking the scope 


and extent of the sovereign power of the United States as a nation and its relations to its citizens and their relation 
to it.’ And that power in its scope and extent, it was decided, is based on the presumption that government 
by its very nature benefits the citizen and his property wherever found, and that opposition to it holds on to 
citizenship while it ‘belittles and destroys its advantages and blessings by denying the possession by government 
of an essential power required to make citizenship completely beneficial.' In other words, the principle was 
declared that the government, by its very nature, benefits the citizen and his property wherever found, and 
therefore has the power to make the benefit complete. Or, to express it another way, the basis of the power to 


tax was not and cannot be made dependent upon the situs of the property in all cases, it being in or out of the 


De Facto Government Scam 129 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 





Auk wWNeE 


on 


31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 


United States, nor was not and cannot be made dependent upon the domicile of the citizen, that being in or out 
of the United States, but upon his relation as citizen to the United States and the relation of the latter to him 


as citizen. The consequence of the relations is that the native citizen who is taxed may have domicile, and the 
property from which his income is derived may have situs, in a foreign country and the tax be legal—the 
government having power to impose the tax.” 

[Cook v. Tait, 265 U.S. 47 (1924)] 


So the key thing to note about the above is that the tax liability attaches to the STATUS of BEING a statutory but not 
constitutional “citizen of the United States” under the Internal Revenue Code, and NOT to domicile of the party, based on 
the above case. 


“Or, to express it another way, the basis of the power to tax was not and cannot be made dependent upon the 


situs of the property in all cases, it being in or out of the United States, nor was not and cannot be made 


dependent upon the domicile of the citizen, that being in or out of the United States, but upon his relation as 
citizen to the United States and the relation of the latter to him as citizen. The consequence of the relations is 


that the native citizen who is taxed may have domicile, and the property from which his income is derived may 
have situs, in a foreign country and the tax be legal—the government having power to impose the tax.” 
[Cook v. Tait, 265 U.S. 47 (1924)] 


There are only two ways to reach a nonresident party through the civil law: Domicile and contract.”> That status of being a 
statutory “U.S. citizen” under the Internal Revenue Code, in turn, can only be a franchise contract that establishes a “public 
office” in the U.S. government, which is the property of the U.S. Government that the creator of the franchise can regulate or 
tax ANYWHERE under the franchise “protection” contract. All rights that attach to STATUS are, in fact, franchises, and 
the Cook case is no exception. This, in fact, is why falsely claiming to be a “U.S. citizen” is a crime under 18 U.S.C. §911, 
because the status is “property” of the national government and abuse of said property or the public rights and “benefits” that 
attach to it is a crime. The use of the “Taxpayer Identification Number” then becomes a de facto “license” to exercise the 
privilege. You can’t license something unless it is ILLEGAL to perform without a license, so they had to make it illegal to 
claim to be a statutory “U.S. citizen” before they could license it and tax it. 


Therefore, if you are domiciled outside the statutory but not constitutional “United States”, meaning federal territory, and 
you wish to ensure that you are not falsely regarded as a “taxpayer” as in the case of Cook v. Tait above, then you need to 
ensure that you: 


1. Thoroughly understand citizenship so that the court can’t play word games on you like they did in Cook. Read the 
following to accomplish this: 
Why You are a “national”, “state national’’, and Constitutional but not Statutory Citizen, Form #05.006 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

2. Attach evidence to your pleadings to prevent the kind of word games pulled by the U.S. Supreme Court in cook. Some 
good documents to attach that prevent such judicial verbicide and THEFT are the following: 
2.1. Federal Pleading/Motion/Petition Attachment, Litigation Tool #01.002 

http://sedm.org/Litigation/LitIndex.htm 
2.2. Rules of Presumption and Statutory Interpretation, Litigation Tool #01.006 
http://sedm.org/Litigation/LitIndex.htm 

3. DO NOT connect yourself to the status of being a statutory “citizen of the United States” per 8 U.S.C. §1401. Note 
that a CONSTIUTTIONAL “citizen of the United States” per the Fourteenth Amendment is NOT equivalent and 
mutually exclusive to that of a statutory “citizen of the United States” per 8 U.S.C. §1401. This was the MAIN 
mistake in the Cook case. He claimed to be domiciled abroad and yet described himself as a statutory citizen, which 
means that he contradicted himself. You can only have a domicile in one place and therefore be a statutory “citizen” of 
one place at a time. If the Plaintiff was domiciled in Mexico as he claimed, then he had no business calling himself a 
statutory “‘citizen”’, but rather a non-resident non-person under statute law. He, on the other hand, essentially claimed 
to be a statutory citizen of TWO places at a time, and therefore to have a domicile in TWO places at once, which is a 
theoretical impossibility. 

4. Describe yourself as: 
4.1. A “national” per 8 U.S.C. §1101(a)(21) . 
4.2. Nota statutory “U.S. citizen” or “citizen of the United States” per 8 U.S.C. §1401. 
4.3. A “stateless person” not subject to federal statutory law or statutory jurisdiction. 
4.4. A non-resident of the statutory “United States” and a nonresident of federal territory. 























2 See Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302, Section 5.2.4: The Two Sources of Federal Civil Jurisdiction: “Domicile” and “Contract”; 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm. 








De Facto Government Scam 130 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


w 


CON Dn 


50 
51 
52 


The Plaintiff in Cook DID NOT do the above and that is why the U.S. Supreme Court picked this case to rule on: To create 
yet more deception about the proper application of the revenue laws that illegally manufactures more “taxpayers” and 
unlawfully enlarges their revenues and importance. Chances are that the Cook also filed a “resident” tax form such as the 
1040 instead of more properly calling himself a nonresident alien, even though he was not domiciled in the “United States”, 
which left room for the Supreme Court to create BAD precedent such as Cook v. Tait. The U.S. Supreme Court, in turn, took 
advantage of the situation by deliberately confusing statutory citizens with constitutional citizens to create the false 
appearance of civil jurisdiction that did not, in fact, exist in the case of a stateless person domiciled outside the country. 
Forms which implement all the above and which are intended to protect you from this type of THEFT, judicial verbicide, and 
abuse by the courts and the government are available on our website at: 





Affidavit of Citizenship, Domicile, and Tax Status, Form #02.001 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

















The severe problems with the U.S. Supreme Court’s interpretation in Cook v. Tait are that: 


1. They say that state taxing authority stops at the state’s borders because it collides with adjacent states, and yet they 
don’t apply the same extraterritorial limitation upon United States taxing jurisdiction, even though it: 
1.1. Similarly collides with and interferes neighboring countries. 

1.2. Violates the sovereignty of adjacent nations under the law of nations. 
1.3. Is completely hypocritical. 

2. Americans domiciled abroad ought to be able to decide when or if they want to be protected by the United States 
government while abroad and that method ought to be DIRECT and explicit, by expressly asking in writing to be 
protected and receiving a BILL for the cost of the protection. Instead, based on the outcome in Cook, the Supreme 
Court made the request for protection INDIRECT by associating it with the voluntary choice of calling oneself a 
statutory “U.S. citizen” under federal law. This caused the commission of a crime under current law and additional 
confusion because: 

2.1. 18 U.S.C. §911 makes it is a crime to claim to be a statutory “U.S. citizen” under 8 U.S.C. §1401. 

2.2. Under current law, you cannot be a statutory “citizen” without a domicile in a place and you can only have a 
domicile in one place at a time. Cook had a domicile in Mexico and therefore was a “resident” or “citizen” of 
Mexico, in which case he COULD NOT be a statutory “citizen of the “United States” at the same time. 

3. If an American domiciled abroad doesn’t want to be protected and says so in writing, they shouldn’t be forced to be 
protected or to pay for said protection through “taxation”. 

4. The U.S. government cannot and should not have the right to FORCE you to both be protected and to pay for such 
protection, because that is THEFT and SLAVERY, and especially if you regard their protection as an injury or a 
“protection racket”. 

5. YOU and not THEY should have the right to define whether what your government provides constitutes 
“PROTECTION”. You can’t be sovereign if they can define their mere existence as “protection”, force you to pay for 
that protection, and charge whatever they want for said protection. After all, they could injure you and as long as they 
are the only ones who can define words in a dispute, then they can call it a “benefit” and even charge you for it! 

6. If the government is going to enforce their right to force you to accept their “protection benefits” and pay for them, 
then by doing so they are: 

6.1. “Purposefully availing themselves” of commerce within your life and your private jurisdiction. 

6.2. Conferring upon you the same EQUAL right to tax THEM and regulate THEM that they claim they have the right 
to do to you under the concept of equal rights and equal protection. 

6.3. Conferring upon you the right to decide how much YOU get to charge THEM for invading your life, stealing 
your resources, time, and property, and enslaving you. 

The above are an unavoidable consequence of the requirements of the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (F.S.LA.), 28 

U.S.C. Chapter 97. That act applies equally to ALL governments, not just to foreign governments, under the concept 

of equal protection. YOU are your own “government” for your own “person”, family, and property. According to the 

U.S. Supreme Court, ALL the power of the U.S. government is delegated to them from YOU and “We the People”. 

Therefore, whatever rights they claim you must ALSO have, including the right to enforce YOUR franchises against 

them without THEIR consent. Hence, the same rules they apply to you HAVE to apply to them or they are nothing but 

terrorists and extortionists. The U.S. Supreme Court affirmed that when they tax nonresidents without their consent, it 

is more akin to crime and extortion than a lawful government function. 


"The power of taxation, indispensable to the existence of every civilized government, is exercised upon the 


assumption of an equivalent rendered to the taxpayer in the protection of his person and property, in adding 
to the value of such property, or in the creation and maintenance of public conveniences in which he shares -- 


De Facto Government Scam 131 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 





CHOI AUN KE WNHHE 


ro 


29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 


4l 


42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 


51 


such, for instance, as roads, bridges, sidewalks, pavements, and schools for the education of his children. If the 
taxing power be in no position to render these services, or otherwise to benefit the person or property taxed, 


and _ such property be wholly within the taxing power of another state, to which it may be said to owe an 
allegiance, and to which it looks for protection, the taxation of such property within the domicil of the owner 
partakes rather of the nature of an extortion than a tax, and has been repeatedly held by this Court to be beyond 


the power of the legislature, and a taking of property without due process of law. Railroad Company v. Jackson, 
7 Wall. 262; State Tax on Foreign-Held Bonds, 15 Wall. 300; Tappan v. Merchants' National Bank, 19 Wall. 490, 
499; Delaware &c. R. Co. v. Pennsylvania, 198 U.S. 341, 358. In Chicago &c. R. Co. v. Chicago, 166 U.S. 226, 
it was held, after full consideration, that the taking of private property [199 U.S. 203] without compensation was 
a denial of due process within the Fourteenth Amendment. See also Davidson v. New Orleans, 96 U.S. 97, 102; 
Missouri Pacific Railway v. Nebraska, 164 U.S. 403, 417; Mt. Hope Cemetery v. Boston, 158 Mass. 509, 519." 
[Union Refrigerator Transit Company v. Kentucky, 199 U.S. 194 (1905)] 


Of course, the U.S. Supreme Court in Cook v. Tait DID NOT address any of the problems created above by their hypocritical 
double standard and self-serving word games, and if they had reconciled the problems described, they would have had to 
expose the FALSE presumptions they were making and the deliberate conflict of law those presumptions created, and thereby 
reconcile them. 


As you will eventually learn, most cases in federal court essentially boil down to a criminal conspiracy by the judge and the 
government prosecutor to “hide their presumptions” and “hide the consent of the governed” in order to advantage the 
government and conceal or protect their criminal conspiracy to steal from you and enslave you. This game is done by quoting 
words out of context, confusing the statutory and constitutional contexts, and abusing “words of art” to deceive and presume 
in a way that benefits them. They know that: 


They can’t govern you civilly without your consent as the Declaration of Independence requires 

The statutory “person”, “individual”, “citizen”, “resident”, and “inhabitant” they civilly govern is created by your 
consent 

3. When you call them on it and say you aren’t a “person”, “citizen”, “individual”, or “resident” under the civil law 
because you never consented to be governed, and instead are a nonresident, then instead of proving your consent to be 
governed as the Declaration of Independence requires, the criminals on the bench call you frivolous to cover up their 
FRAUD and THEFT of your property. 


Ne 


Likewise, corrupt governments frequently try to hide the prejudicial and injurious presumptions they are making because 
having to justify and defend them would expose the conflicts and deception in their reasoning. They know that all 
presumptions that prejudice rights protected by the Constitution are a violation of due process of law and render a void 
judgment so they try to hide them. For instance, in the Cook case, the presumption the Supreme Court made was that the 
term “citizen of the United States” made by the Plaintiff meant aSTATUTORY citizen pursuant to 8 U.S.C. §1401, and NOT 
a CONSTITUTIONAL citizen. However, the only thing the Plaintiff reasonably could have been was a CONSTITUTIONAL 
and NOT STATUTORY citizen by virtue of being domiciled abroad. It is a fact that you can only have a domicile in one 
place at a time, that your statutory status as a “citizen” comes from that choice of domicile, and that you can therefore only 
be a statutory “citizen” on ONE place at a time. The Plaintiff in Cook was a citizen or resident of Mexico and NOT of the 
statutory “United States”. Hence, he was not a “taxpayer” because not the statutory ’citizen of the United States” that they 
allowed him to claim that he was. Allowing him to claim that status was FRAUD, but because it padded their pockets they 
tolerated it and went along with it, and used it to deceive even more people with a vague ruling describing their ruse. 


If the Supreme Court had exposed all of their presumptions in the Cook case and were honest, they would have held that: 


Cook was NOT a statutory “citizen of the United States” under the Internal Revenue Code. 

Cook could not truthfully claim to be a statutory “citizen of the United States” if he was domiciled in Mexico as he 
claimed and as they accepted. He didn’t have a domicile on federal territory called the “United States” therefore his 
claim that we was such a statutory “citizen” was FRAUD that they could not condone, even if it profited them. 

Cook was a nonresident and a “stateless person” immune from federal jurisdiction. 

Cook did not lawfully occupy a public office in the federal government as that term is legally defined. 

Since all public offices must be executed in the District of Columbia and not elsewhere, and since Cook wasn’t in the 
District of Columbia, then the I.R.C. could not be used to CREATE that public office and the “taxpayer” status that 
attaches to it in Mexico where he was. 


Ne 


Ge 


So the U.S. Supreme Court: 





De Facto Government Scam 132 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 


39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 


45 
46 
47 
48 


Made their ruling ambiguous and short. 

Refused to address all the implications described above. 

3. Left everyone speculating and afraid about what it meant, and how someone could owe a tax without a domicile in the 
United States (federal territory), even though in every other case domicile is the only reason that people owe an income 
tax. 

4. Used the fear and speculation and presumption that uncertainty creates and compels to force people to believe things 

that are simply not supportable by evidence nor true about tax liability, such as that EVERYONE IN THE WORLD, 

regardless of where they physically are or where they are domiciled, owe a tax to the place of their birth, if that place 
of birth is the United States of America. 


Ne 


What a SCAM these shysters pulled with this ruling. And why did they do it? Because the Federal Reserve printing presses 
were running full speed, and yet paper money was still redeemable in gold, so they had to have a way to sop up all the excess 
currency they were printing. 


The bottom line is that any entity that can FORCE you to accept protection you don’t want, call it a “benefit” even though 
you call it an injury and a crime, and force you to pay for it is a protection racket and a mafia, not a government. And such 
crooks will always resort to smoke and mirrors like the above to steal from you to subsidize their protection racket. 


By the ruling in Cook v. Tait, the U.S. Supreme Court created a new franchise “status” called a statutory “U-S. citizen” that: 


1. Exists apart from your circumstances or your domicile. Hence, they superseded the common law, which requires that 
statutory citizenship MUST be tied to domicile. 

2. Attached a government “benefit” to the status. That “benefit” is the “consideration” needed to enforce the franchise 

contract, which is codified in the private law franchise contract codified in Internal Revenue Code, Subtitles A and C. 

Implies consent to a civil franchise agreement if the status is invoked. 

Causes a waiver of sovereign immunity in federal court. 

Transcends the territorial limits of federal law and allows them to legislate for people ANYWHERE who claim that 

status. 


Sue 


11 General Symptoms that you are living under a de facto government 


"To oppose corruption in government is the highest obligation of patriotism." 
[G. Edward Griffin] 


11.1 You have equitable rather than legal title to your property 
Black’s Law Dictionary defines property as follows: 


Property. That which is peculiar or proper to any person; that which belongs exclusively to one. In the strict legal 
sense, an aggregate of rights which are guaranteed and protected by the government. Fulton Light, Heat & Power 
Co. v. State, 65 Misc.Rep. 263, 121 N.Y.S. 536. The term is said to extend to every species of valuable right and 
interest. More specifically, ownership; the unrestricted and exclusive right to a thing; the right to dispose of a 
thing in every legal way, to possess it, to use it, and to exclude every one else from interfering with it. That 
dominion or indefinite right of use or disposition which one may lawfully exercise over particular things or 
subjects. The exclusive right of possessing, enjoying, and disposing of a thing. The highest right a man can have 
to anything; being used to refer to that right which one has to lands or tenements, goods or chattels, which no 
way depends on another man's courtesy. 

















The word is also commonly used to denote everything which is the subject of ownership, corporeal or incorporeal, 
tangible or intangible, visible or invisible, real or personal, everything that has an exchangeable value or which 
goes to make up wealth or estate. It extends to every species of valuable right and interest, and includes real and 
personal property, easements, franchises, and incorporeal hereditaments, and includes every invasion of one's 
property rights by actionable wrong. Labberton v. General Cas. Co. of America, 53 Wash.2d. 180, 332 P.2d. 250, 
252, 254. 








Property embraces everything which is or may be the subject of ownership, whether a legal ownership. or whether 
beneficial, or a private ownership. Davis v. Davis. TexCiv-App., 495 S.W.2d. 607. 611. Term includes not only 
ownership and possession but also the right of use and enjoyment for lawful purposes. Hoffmann v. Kinealy, Mo., 
389 S.W.2d. 745, 752. 





De Facto Government Scam 133 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


RwnNe 


31 
32 
33 


34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
41 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 


47 
48 
49 


Property, within constitutional protection, denotes group of rights inhering in citizen's relation to physical thing, 
as right to possess, use and dispose of it. Cereghino v. State By and Through State Highway Commission, 230 
Or. 439, 370 P.2d. 694, 697. 

[Black’s Law Dictionary, Fifth Edition, p. 1095] 


REAL “ownership” and REAL “rights” over property as legally defined therefore consists of: 


That which belongs exclusively to one. 

Term “property” extends to every species of valuable right and interest 

Property includes everything which is or could be the subject of ownership 

Even RIGHTS protected by the Constitution are property 

Includes: 

5.1. RIGHT to control use of it by others 

5.2. RIGHT to exclude everyone else from benefitting from its use in any way 

5.3. RIGHT to penalize others for unauthorized use 

Use and control over your property in no way depends on another’s discretion or courtesy 

You can give your property rights away WITHOUT EVEN REALIZING IT. Here’s how you do it.... 

7.1. Contracting them away in writing to a PRIVATE (not government) third party in exchange for a PRIVILEGE 
7.2. Implied consent through inaction or acquiescence 

7.3. Accepting a government “benefit” 

7.4. Being exploited by lawyers because of legal ignorance 

8. Real possession and ownership of your property, your rights, your life, your land, buildings, objects, and so forth, 
depend on NO ONE’S courtesy or patronage or whim (unless you turn your rights in for privileges, which this course 
will help you avoid) 


Fue 


sO 


QUESTION: Do you own: 


1. Your real property? 
2. Your own labor? ( (are you a SLAVE?) 
3. Your land? 


ANSWER: Not if someone can charge you a fee or a tax on your property you don’t! A “property tax” means the government 
is the REAL owner and you pay ‘rent’ to live on THEIR property. If you don’t pay the tax, the REAL government owners 
CLAIM the right to take the property from you because, as stated earlier, the word property implies the right to exclude non- 
owners (you, for example) from the use or enjoyment of the property 


In fact, most of what you think you “own” you only have an equitable interest in, and the government is the REAL owner, 
and a trust indenture called the public trust connects the two of you. How? Because if you connected it with government 
property such as a government license number called a Social Security Number: 


1. You donated it to a public use, public purpose, and public office in the U.S. government in order to procure the 
“benefits” of the socialism franchise. 

2. The real owner is the government, and the property is held in trust. That trust is the U.S. government and the trust 
indenture is the United States constitution. That trust is called a “public trust”. 

3. You are a trustee over the property who claims an equitable interest in the formerly private property, and that interest is 
the “compensation” you receive as trustee. 

4. The position of trustee is called a “public office”. That “public office” and the “res” or “corpus” of the trust are 
domiciled in the District of Columbia per the franchise agreement and Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 17(b). The 
franchise agreement dictates choice of law (see 26 U.S.C. §7408(d) and 26 U.S.C. §7701(a)(39) ) and places the trust 
and the officer who is surety for the trust in the District of Columbia, outside the protections of the Constitution. 

5. The public office and the trust are also a statutory and not constitutional “citizen of the United States” per 8 U.S.C. 
§1401, because the owner of the office and the franchise trust is a corporation called the “United States” and all 
corporations are statutory “citizens and residents” within the jurisdiction where they were created. 


"A corporation is a citizen, resident, or inhabitant of the state or country by or under the laws of which it was 
created, and of that state or country only." 
[19 Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), Corporations, §886 (2003) ] 








De Facto Government Scam 134 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


ond An 


21 


22 
23 
24 


26 
27 
28 


29 
30 
31 
32 


33 
34 
35 
36 
37 


Don’t believe us? Read the following and PLEASE prove us wrong: 





Resignation of Compelled Social Security Trustee, Form #06.002 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 











In fact, you will learn in the next section that every franchise offered by the government, which is a “public trust” is ALSO 
implemented as a trust. 


11.2 Fiat currency not backed by substance 


“All the perplexities, confusion and distress in America rise, not from defects in their Constitution or 
Confederation, not from want of honor or virtue, so much as from downright ignorance of the nature of coin, 
credit, and circulation.” 

[John Adams in a letter to Thomas Jefferson, 1787] 


Upon the founding of this country, all money was denominated in gold and silver. Our constitution itself recognized only 
gold and silver as lawful money: 


United States Constitution 
Article 1, Section 10, Clause 1 


No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin 


Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin as Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any 


Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility.” 
The power of Congress to coin money is found in Article 1, Section 8, Clause 5 of the U.S. Constitution: 


U.S. Constitution 
Article 1, Section 8, Clause 5 


The Congress shall have Power To. . . 


To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures 
The first definition of money appeared in the United States of America Money Act, | Stat. 246, April 2, 1792. 


The gold standard was suspended as a national emergency in 1933 by the Emergency Bank Relief Act, 48 Stat. 1. That state 
of national emergency continues to this day and renders everything the government does in relation to commerce as “de 
facto”. 


In a monetary system not backed by substance, the value of currency is regulated by two factors: 


1. The supply of currency in circulation. 
2. The endless borrowing of corrupted governments and the inevitable inflationary effect of both the borrowing and the 
desire to inflate away the debt itself. 


No system of national currency can be stable without a method to retire excess currency from circulation. That purpose, in 
fact, is the main purpose behind the creation of the income tax and the Internal Revenue Service itself. Before the Federal 
Reserve could be created, a national income tax had to be ratified by the fraudulent ratification of the Sixteenth Amendment 
in February 1913. The history of this fraudulent ratification is covered in the following two volume series of books: 





The Law that Never Was, William Benson 
http://www.thelawthatneverwas.com/ 











Once the de facto politicians had gotten that amendment ratified by fraud in February of 1913, then and only then could they 
enact the Federal Reserve Act and use the Federal Reserve as the equivalent of a counterfeiting franchise for fiat currency. 
In December of 1913, that same year of the fraudulent ratification of the Sixteenth Amendment, during Christmas recess and 
with only SIX votes, Congress enacted the Federal Reserve Act that allowed them to counterfeit unlimited supplies of fiat 
currency unlawfully. The income tax had to be in place before the Federal Reserve could be created because a method had 





De Facto Government Scam 135 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


oN Dn 


24 


25 
26 
27 
28 


29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 


to be provided to retire excess fiat currency from circulation in order that the value of currency could be stable while the 
specie (gold and silver) was debased. 


Ever since the enactment of the Federal Reserve Act in December, 1913, Americans have been plagued with becoming 
involuntary surety to regulate the supply of currency by being compelled, ILLEGALLY, to pay a national income tax based 
upon franchises that it is UNCONSTITUTIONAL to offer or enforce within a constitutional state of the Union. The Internal 
Revenue Code itself is not unconstitutional, but the way it is MISREPRESENTED and ILLEGALLY ENFORCED in 
violation of itself is unconstitutional and criminal. For an exhaustive treatment of the ENFORCEMENT hoax that illegally 
expands tax revenues, see: 





Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 














11.3 A perpetual state of emergency is instituted in any aspect of the way government functions 


As we explained earlier in section 4, de facto government expand their power by creating contrived states of national 
emergency. Most of the corruption of the government has been introduced during a times of national emergency. Types of 
national emergencies include financial depressions and wars. Examples of this phenomenon: 


1. The first income tax was instituted in 1862 to fund the Civil War. See Revenue Act of 1862, 12 Stat. 432. It was later 
repealed in 1872, but then reemerged after the passage of the Sixteenth Amendment in 1913, which again was a period 
of World War. 

2. The suspension of redeemability of Federal Reserve Notes in gold and silver was introduced during a time of financial 
emergency following the Great Depression of 1929. 

2.1. Redeemability was suspended as part of the Emergency Bank Relief Act of 1933, 48 Stat. 1. That state of 
national emergency continues to this day. 

2.2. This violation of our Constitution is being perpetuated in the name of an ongoing national emergency under the 
authority of 12 U.S.C. §95b. 

2.3. 12 U.S.C. §95b is legislation that unconstitutionally delegates to the President of the United States the authority to 
decree law, and thus it violates the separation of powers doctrine. 


Not even a national emergency justifies suspension of any portion of the United States Constitution: 


“No emergency justifies the violation of any of the provisions of the United States Constitution.” An 


emergency, however, while it cannot create power, increase granted power, or remove or diminish the restrictions 
imposed upon the power granted or reserved, may allow the exercise of power already in existence, but not 
exercised except during an emergency.”” 


The circumstances in which the executive branch may exercise extraordinary powers under the Constitution are 
very narrow.”> The danger must be immediate and impending, or the necessity urgent for the public service, such 
as will not admit of delay, and where the action of the civil authority would be too late in providing the means 
which the occasion calls for.?? For example, there is no basis in the Constitution for the seizure of steel mills 
during a wartime labor dispute, despite the President's claim that the war effort would be crippled if the mills 
were shut down. *°” 

[16 American Jurisprudence 2d, Constitutional Law, §52 (1999)] 





°6 As to the effect of emergencies on the operation of state constitutions, see § 59. 


27 Veix v. Sixth Ward Building & Loan Ass’n of Newark, 310 U.S. 32, 60 S.Ct. 792, 84 L.Ed. 1061 (1940); Home Bldg. & Loan Ass’n v. Blaisdell, 290 
U.S. 398, 54 S.Ct. 231, 78 L.Ed. 413, 88 A.L.R. 1481 (1934). 


The Constitution was adopted in a period of grave emergency and its grants of power to the Federal Government and its limitations of the power of the states 
were determined in the light of emergency, and are not altered by emergency. First Trust Co. of Lincoln v. Smith, 134 Neb. 84, 277 N.W. 762 (1938). 


?8 Halperin v. Kissinger, 606 F.2d. 1192 (D.C. Cir. 1979), cert. granted, 446 U.S. 951, 100 S.Ct. 2915, 64 L.Ed.2d. 807 (1980) and aff'd in part, cert. dismissed 
in part, 452 U.S. 713, 101 S.Ct. 3132, 69 L.Ed.2d. 367 (1981), reh'g denied, 453 U.S. 928, 102 S.Ct. 892, 69 L.Ed.2d. 1024 (1981) and on remand to, 
542 F. Supp. 829 (D.D.C. 1982) and on remand to, 578 F. Supp. 231 (D.D.C. 1984), aff'd in part, remanded in part, 807 F.2d. 180 (D.C. Cir. 1986), on 
remand to, 723 F. Supp. 1535 (D.D.C. 1989), related reference, 1991 WL 120167 (D.D.C. 1991), remanded, 1992 WL 394503 (D.C. Cir. 1992). 


° Mitchell v. Harmony, 54 U.S. 115, 13 How. 115, 14 L.Ed. 75 (1851). 


3° Youngstown Sheet &Tube Co. v. Sawyer, 343 U.S. 579, 72 S.Ct. 863, 96 L.Ed. 1153, 47 Ohio.Op. 430, 47 Ohio.Op. 460, 62 Ohio.L.Abs. 417, 62 
Ohio.L.Abs. 473, 26 A.L.R.2d. 1378 (1952). 





De Facto Government Scam 136 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


20 
21 
22 


23 


24 
25 


26 
27 
28 


29 
30 
31 
32 


33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 


39 
40 
4l 


The outcome of ending redeemability of currency in gold and silver is to “debase the currency”, which is an act punishable 
by DEATH under the original United States of America Money Act, | Stat. 246-251, Section 19. That act is still in force and 
has NEVER been repealed. 


United States of America Money Act, I Stat. 246-251 


Section 19. And be it further enacted, That if any of the gold or silver coins which shall be struck or coined at the 
said mint shall be debased or made worse as to the proportion of the fine gold or fine silver therein contained, or 
shall be of less weight or value than the same out to be pursuant to the directions of this act, through the default 
or with the connivance of any of the officers or persons who shall be employed at the said mint, for the purpose 
of profit or gain, or otherwise with a fraudulent intent, and if any of the said officers or persons shall embezzle 
any of the metals which shall at any time be committed to their charge for the purpose of being coined, or any of 
the coins which shall be struck or coined at the said mint, every such officer or person who shall commit any or 
either of the said offenses, shall be deemed guilty of felony, and shall suffer death. 


Hence, socialist President Franklin Delano Roosevelt should have been tried for treason and sentenced to DEATH for starting 
the government on the road to what amounts to transforming our money system into the equivalent of a counterfeiting 
franchise that makes the government completely unaccountable to the people and legalizes THEFT. If you would like to 
learn more about this SCAM and ORGANIZED CRIME on the part of the de facto government, see: 





The Money Scam, Form #05.041 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 














11.4 Government employees able to deceive with anonymity and impunity 


The Internal Revenue Manual (I.R.M.) published online by the Internal Revenue Service, admits that you CANNOT TRUST 
anything they write or publish and therefore, that they are NOT RESPONSIBLE for anything they say to the public. . 


"IRS Publications, issued by the National Office, explain the law in plain language for taxpayers and their 
advisors... While a good source of general information, publications should not be cited to sustain a position." 
[Internal Revenue Manual (I.R.M.), Section 4.10.7.2.8 (05-14-1999) ] 








At the same time, the IRS hypocritically: 


1. Goes after anyone who puts anything untrue on their tax forms by prosecuting them for perjury. 
2. Penalizes people for relying on the advice or recommendations of ITS OWN EMPLOYEES! 


Why on earth would anyone want to sign any government form under penalty of perjury that even the government refuses to 
accept accountability for the accuracy of? This is not only hypocrisy, but it is a violation of the requirement for equal 
protection and equal treatment that is the cornerstone of the United States Constitution. 


The IRS itself further protects their racketeering and fraud ring by conveniently “omitting” the most important key facts and 
information from their publications that would expose the proper and lawful application of the “tax” and the proper audience. 
See the following, which is over 2,000 pages of information that are conveniently “omitted” from the IRS website about the 
proper application of the franchise and its nature as a “franchise”: 





Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 














Even worse, the Internal Revenue Service openly conceals the real identities of its own employees from access by the public 
in order to encourage them to lie to the public with impunity. They do this by giving themselves “pseudonames” so that they 
can disguise their identity and be indemnified from liability for their own fraud and criminal acts. The IRS Restructuring and 
Reform Act, Pub.Law 105-206, Title III, Section 3706, 112 Stat. 778 and Internal Revenue Manual (I.R.M.), Section 1.2.4 
both authorize these and regulate the use of these “pseudonames”. How come we are NOT EQUALLY protected in using 
pseudonyms on all tax forms to protect OUR identity and OUR liability for what we say? 


Even the federal courts are in on this form of racketeering, fraud, and extortion, because they have established legal case 
precedents warning the public that you can’t trust anything that anyone in the government tells you, and especially those who 
administer the income tax franchise. See: 


De Facto Government Scam 137 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 





WF Ww Ne 


29 
30 


31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
41 
42 


43 
44 
45 


1. Reasonable Belief About Income Tax Liability, Form #05.007 
http://www.thelawthatneverwas.com/ 

2. Federal Courts and the IRS’ Own IRM Say the IRS is NOT RESPONSIBLE for Its Actions or Its Words or For 
Following Its Own Written Procedures!, Family Guardian Fellowship 
http://famguardian.org/Subjects/Taxes/Articles/IRSNotResponsible.htm 


Hence, you can count on the fact that the IRS and the courts will continue to LIE to and deceive the public about the proper 
very limited application of the Internal Revenue Code and what the law actually requires the average American to do, and 
the reason they will do it is because there is NO DOWNSIDE and no punishment for doing so, and because they enforce 
UNEQUAL standards against themselves than they do against the public. Hence, they have implemented the equivalent of 
an unconstitutional “Title of Nobility” and privilege for themselves that causes the enslavement of every American in what 
we call “the new white slavery”. 


11.5 Your Identity is Routinely and Illegally Kidnapped and connected to domicile in a 
legislatively foreign jurisdiction: federal territory*! 


We covered the rules for how the government became corrupted earlier in section 6.2, in which we showed that a combination 
of franchises and imposing territorial law within the states is the main method of conquest. Civil franchises offered by the 
government, like all law, is territorial in nature and does not reach outside the territory of the sovereign. Therefore, to reach 
state citizens with territorial franchise law, corrupted government must do so through identity theft by abusing legalese and 
the rules of statutory construction. These abuses are exhaustively described in the following: 


6. Legal Deception, Propaganda, and Fraud, Form #05.014-how the rules of statutory construction and interpretation are 
abused to legally kidnap people 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 
7. Government Identity Theft, Form #05.046-detailed memorandum of law on all the various techniques of government 
identity theft. 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 
8. Foundations of Freedom, Form #12.021, Video 4: Willful Government Deception and Propaganda 
FORMS PAGE: http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 
SLIDES: http://sedm.org/Liberty U/FoundOfFreedom-Slides.pdf 
VIDEO: http://www. youtube.com/watch?v=DvnTL_Z5asc 








The most central subject to study to prevent identity theft is to understand franchises and the law of domicile. Government 
doesn't want you to know any of the following facts about domicile: 


1. That all civil jurisdiction originates from your choice of domicile. 
. That all income taxation is a civil liability that originates from your choice of domicile. 

3. That domicile requires your consent and is the equivalent of your consent to be civilly governed as required by the 

Declaration of Independence. 

That because they need your consent to choose a domicile, they can't tax or even govern you civilly without your consent. 

That domicile is based on the coincidence of physical presence and intent/consent to permanently remain in a place. 

That unless you choose a domicile within the jurisdiction of the government that has general jurisdiction where you live, 

they have no authority to institute income taxation upon you. 

7. That no one can determine your domicile except you. 

8. That if you don't want the protection of government, you can fire them and handle your own protection, by changing 
your domicile to a different place or group or government or choosing no domicile at all. This then relieves you of an 
obligation to pay income taxes to support the protection that you no longer want or need. 


DOS 


Therefore, governments have a vested interest in hiding the relationship of “domicile” to franchises and income taxation by 
removing it or at least obfuscating it in their “codes”. A number of irreconcilable conflicts of law are created by 
COMPELLING EVERYONE to have either a specific domicile or an earthly domicile. For instance: 





3! Adapted from Why Domicile and Becoming a “Taxpayer” Require Your Consent, Form #05.002, Section 13; http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm. 





De Facto Government Scam 138 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


24 


25 


26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32, 


33 
34 
35 
36 


37 
38 
39 
40 


4l 


42 
43 


44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 


If the First Amendment recognizes our universal right to freely associate and also implies a right to DISASSOCIATE, 
how can we be compelled to associate with a “state” or the people in the locality where we live without violating the 
First Amendment? It may not be presumed that we moved to a place because we wanted to associate with the people 
there. 

Domicile creates a duty of allegiance, according to the cite above. All allegiance MUST be voluntary. How can the 
state compel allegiance by compelling a person to have or to choose an earthly domicile? What gives them the right to 
insist that the only legitimate type of domicile is associated with a government? Why can’t it be a church, a religious 
group, or simply an association of people who want to have their own police force or protection service separated from 
the state? Since the only product that government delivers is “protection”, why can’t people have the right to fire the 
government and provide their own protection with the tax money they would have paid the government? 

When one chooses a domicile, they create a legal or contractual obligation to support a specific government, based on 
the above. By compelling everyone to choose an earthly domicile whose object is a specific government or state, isn’t 
the state interfering with our right to contract by compelling us to contract with a specific government for our protection? 
The Constitution, Article 1, Section 10 says no state shall make any law impairing the obligation of contracts. Implicit 
in this right to contract is the right NOT to contract. Every right implies the opposite right. Therefore, how can everyone 
be compelled to have a domicile without violating their right to contract? 

The U.S. Supreme Court also said that income taxation based on domicile is “quasi-contractual” in nature. 


“Even if the judgment is deemed to be colored by the nature of the obligation whose validity it establishes, and 
we are free to re-examine it, and, if we find it to be based on an obligation penal in character, to refuse to enforce 
it outside the state where rendered, see Wisconsin v. Pelican Insurance Co., 127 U.S. 265, 292, et seq. 8 S.Ct. 


1370, compare Fauntleroy v. Lum, 210 U.S. 230, 28 S.Ct. 641, Still the obligation to pay 


taxes is not penal. It is a statutory liability, quasi contractual in 
nature, enforceable, if there is no exclusive statutory remedy, 
in_the_civil_courts_by the common-law action of debt_or 
indebitatus assumpsSit. United States v. Chamberlin, 219 U.S. 250 , 31 8.Ct. 155; Price v. 


United States, 269 U.S. 492 , 46 S.Ct. 180; Dollar Savings Bank v. United States, 19 Wall. 227; and _see 
Stockwell v. United States, 13 Wall. 531, 542; Meredith v. United States, 13 Pet. 486, 493. This was the rule 
established in the English courts before the Declaration of Independence. Attorney General v. Weeks, Bunbury's 
Exch. Rep. 223; Attorney General v. Jewers and Batty, Bunbury's Exch. Rep. 225; Attorney General v. Hatton, 
Bunbury's Exch. Rep. [296 U.S. 268, 272] 262; Attorney General v. _ _, 2 Ans.Rep. 558; see Comyn's Digest 
(Title 'Dett,' A, 9); 1 Chitty on Pleading, 123; cf. Attorney General v. Sewell, 4 M.&W. 77. “ 

[Milwaukee v. White, 296 U.S. 268 (1935)] 











The “quasi-contract” they are referring to above is your voluntary choice of “domicile”, no doubt. How can they compel 
such a contract if the person who is the object of the compulsion refuses to “do business” with the state and also refuses 
to avail themselves of any of the benefits of membership in said state? Wouldn’t that amount to slavery, involuntary 
servitude, and violate the Thirteenth Amendment prohibition against involuntary servitude? 


Do you see how subtle this domicile thing is? It's a very sneaky way to draw you into the world system and force you to 
adopt and comply with earthly laws and a government that are hostile towards and foreign to God’s laws. All of the above 
deceptions and ruses are designed to keep you enslaved and entrapped to support a government that does nothing for you and 
which you may even want to abandon or disassociate with. 


11.5.1. Domicile on government forms 


99 6c 


You should view every opportunity to complete a government form or any form that indicates a “domicile”, “residence”, or 
“permanent address” as: 





1. A waiver of sovereign immunity under 28 U.S.C. §1603(b)(3) and 28 U.S.C. §1605(b)(2). 

2. Achange in status from "foreign" to "domestic" in relation to the government that created the form. 

3. An agreement to become a “customer” of government protection called a “citizen”, “resident”, and/or “inhabitant” 
within a specific jurisdiction. 

4. The conveyance of “consent to be governed” as the Declaration of Independence indicates. 

5. An attempt to nominate a protector and delegate to them the authority to supervise and even penalize your activities 
under the authority of the civil law. 

6. Anagreement to pay for the protection of the specific government you have nominated to protect you. 

De Facto Government Scam 139 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


23 
24 


25 
26 


27 


28 
29 


30 


31 
32 


33 


34 
35 
36 


37 


38 


39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 


7. A-voluntary attempt on your part to surrender rights recognized in the Constitution in exchange for privileges and 
“benefits” under a franchise agreement and to change your status from a “transient foreigner” to a “person” subject to 
federal statutes. The most privileged status you can be in is to be a resident alien participating in federal franchises. 
The Declaration of Independence says that rights protected by the Constitution are “unalienable”, meaning that they 
CAN’T be sold, transferred, or bargained away in relation to any government by any commercial process, including a 
government franchise or application. Therefore, you are recognizing that the grantor of the benefit is not a 
government, but a private corporation. 

8. An attempt to destroy equal protection mandated by the Constitution and make a specific government your "parens 
patriae", or government parent. 

In short, anyone who asks you to fill out a government form or indicate a “domicile”, “residence”, or “permanent address” 

on their own private form is asking you the following question: 


“Who’s your daddy and where does he live? We want to notify him that you have selected him as your protector 
and agreed to become liable to subsidize his protection racket and his supervision of your otherwise private 
affairs. We don’t trust you so we want you to agree to sign this protection contract, nominate a protector, and 
agree to become his privileged employee or officer so he will ensure you won't become a burden, bother, or injury 
to us.” 


There are several ways that you are often deceived into inadvertently declaring a domicile on federal territory on government 
forms. 


1. By declaring that you maintain a domicile or live in the “United States”, which is defined as federal territory and excludes 
states of the Union pursuant to 26 U.S.C. §7701(a)(9) and (a)(10) and 4 U.S.C. §110(d). This is done by filling out 
anything in the block labeled “permanent address” or “residence” and indicating anything in that block other than the de 
jure republic you were born within or the Kingdom of Heaven on Earth. 


TITLE 26 > Subtitle F > CHAPTER 79 > Sec. 7701. [Internal Revenue Code] 
Sec. 7701. - Definitions 





(a) When used in this title, where not otherwise distinctly expressed or manifestly incompatible with the intent 
thereof— 


(9) United States 


The term "United States" when used in a geographical sense includes only the States and the District of 
Columbia. 


(10) State 


The term "State" shall be construed to include the District of Columbia, where such construction is necessary to 
carry out provisions of this title. 





TITLE 4 > CHAPTER 4 > § 110 
CHAPTER 4—THE STATES 
§ 110. Same; definitions 


As used in sections 105—109 of this title— 


(d) The term “State” includes any Territory or possession of the United States. 


People born and domiciled within the de jure states of the Union are domiciled in the “United States of America’ or in 
the name of their state. For instance, under “country” put “California Republic” instead of “United States”. 

2. By filling out a government form and indicating that you are a statutory “U.S. citizen” pursuant to 8 U.S.C. §1401 or 
“resident” or “permanent resident” pursuant to 26 U.S.C. §7701(b)(4)(B). All such persons have a legal domicile on 
federal territory. Collectively, these people are called statutory “U.S. persons” pursuant to 26 U.S.C. §7701(a)(30). 





De Facto Government Scam 140 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


38 
39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 


46 


47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 
53 
54 


3. By filling out a form that presumes you are a “U.S. person”, such as IRS Form 1040. That form is ONLY for use by 
“U.S. persons” pursuant to 26 U.S.C. §7701(a)(30) who have a legal domicile on federal territory. If you are not 
domiciled on federal territory, the only correct form to use is the IRS Form 1040NR. 





1040A 11327A Each 
U.S. Individual Income Tax Return 


Annual income tax return filed by citizens and residents of the United States. There are separate instructions 


available for this item. The catalog number for the instructions is 12088U. 


W:CAR:MP:FP:F.I Tax Form or Instructions 
[IRS Published Products Catalog (2003), p. F-15; 
SOURCE: http://famguardian.org/TaxFreedom/Forms/IRS/IRSDoc7130.pdf] 





4. By requesting or using a Social Security Number on any government form. Social Security Numbers can only lawfully 
be issued to persons with a legal domicile on federal territory. 20 C.F.R. §422.104 says the number can only be issued 
to statutory “U.S. citizens” pursuant to 8 U.S.C. §1401 or statutory “permanent residents”, both of whom have in common 
a domicile on federal territory. 





26 C.F.R. § 301.6109-1(g) 
(g) Special rules for taxpayer identifying numbers issued to foreign persons— 


(1) General rule— 


(i) Social security number. A_social security number is generally identified in the records and database of the 


Internal Revenue Service as a number belonging to a U.S. citizen or resident alien individual. A person may 
establish a different status for the number by providing proof of foreign status with the Internal Revenue Service 


under such procedures as the Internal Revenue Service shall prescribe, including the use of a form as the Internal 
Revenue Service may specify. Upon accepting an individual as a nonresident alien individual, the Internal 
Revenue Service will assign this status to the individual's social security number. 





TITLE 20--EMPLOYEES' BENEFITS 

CHAPTER III--SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION 

PART 422_ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES--Table of Contents 
Subpart B_General Procedures 

Sec. 422.104 Who can be assigned a social security number. 


(a) Persons eligible for SSN assignment. 


We can assign you a social security number if you meet the evidence requirements in Sec. 422.107 and you are: 
(1) A United States citizen; or 
(2) An alien lawfully admitted to the United States for permanent residence or under other authority of law 
permitting you to work in the United States (Sec. 422.105 describes how we determine if a nonimmigrant alien is 
permitted to work in the United States); or 





5. By requesting or using a Taxpayer Identification Number on any government form, you create a presumption that you 
are engaged in the “trade or business” franchise and are a “resident” of federal territory. The only people who need them 
are “taxpayers” who are engaged in a “trade or business”/public office” in the District of Columbia and therefore 
partaking of federal franchises. All such persons have an effective domicile in the District of Columbia because they are 
representing a federal corporation, the “United States” pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §3002(15)(A) and are officers of that 
corporation. 26 U.S.C. §7701(a)(39), 26 U.S.C. §7408(d), and Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 17(b) all place their 
effective domicile in the District of Columbia and not within the place they physically occupy by virtue of the fact that 
they are acting in a representative capacity as a “public officer”. 








26 C.F.R. §301.7701-5 Domestic, foreign, resident, and nonresident persons. 





A domestic corporation is one organized or created in the United States, including only the States (and during 
the periods when not States, the Territories of Alaska and Hawaii), and the District of Columbia, or under the 
law of the United States or of any State or Territory. A foreign corporation is one which is not domestic. A 
domestic corporation is a resident corporation even though it does no business and owns no property in the 
United States. A foreign corporation engaged in trade or business within the United States is referred to in the 
regulations in this chapter as a resident foreign corporation, and a foreign corporation not engaged in trade 
or business within the United States, as a nonresident foreign corporation. A partnership engaged in trade or 


business within the United States is referred to in the regulations in this chapter as a resident partnership, and a 


De Facto Government Scam 141 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 





Uk WN 


Co ND 


32 


33 


34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
41 
42 


43 
44 
45 
46 
47 


partnership not engaged in trade or business within the United States, as a nonresident partnership. Whether a 


partnership is to be regarded as resident or nonresident is not determined by the nationality or residence of its 


members or by the place in which it was created or organized. 
[Amended by T.D. 8813, Federal Register: February 2, 1999 (Volume 64, Number 21), Page 4967-4975] 


[SOURCE: http://famguardian.org/TaxFreedom/CitesByTopic/Resident-26cfr301.7701-5.pdf] 





We will now spend the rest of the section talking about how to avoid the problem described in item | above. There are many 
occasions on government forms, and especially tax forms, where we will be asked if we are “residents” and what our 
“residence” is and we must be very careful what we put on these forms. Ifa “residence” must be established on a government 
form for any reason, the safest way to handle this situation as a Christian is as follows: 


Line out the word “residence” and replace it with “domicile”. 

In the block declaring “residence” or “permanent address’, put one of the following: 

2.1. “Kingdom of Heaven on Earth (not within any man made government)”. 

2.2. A geographical place that has no owner and no government, such as the middle of the ocean. 
At the end of the address line put in parenthesis: “Not a domicile or residence.” 

If they ask you if you are a “resident”, simply say “NO”. 

Put a note at the bottom saying: 


Ne 


Sige 


“See and rebut the following web address for details, if you disagree: 
http://famguardian.org/TaxFreedom/Forms/Emancipation/ChangeOfAddressAttachment.htm 


“ 





Any location of “residence” other than “Kingdom of Heaven on Earth” or a place not within the jurisdiction of any man- 
made government, however, will prejudice your rights, violate the Bible, and result in idolatry towards man/government. In 
fact, we believe the word “residence” and “resident” were invented by the legal profession as a way to separate intent from 
the word “domicile” so that people would no longer have a choice of their legal home. Christians should be very wary of 
this devious legal trap and avoid it as indicated above. 


“And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather expose [rebuke] them.” 
[Eph. 5:11, Bible] 


There are also BIG advantages to declaring our domicile as being outside of federal jurisdiction in either the Kingdom of 
Heaven on Earth or a state of the Union, which is “foreign” with respect to the federal government. For instance, one's 
domicile determines the rules of decision of every court in which a person is sued. Below is an excerpt from the Federal Rule 
of Civil Procedure 17(b) which proves this: 


IV. PARTIES > Rule 17. 
Rule 17. Parties Plaintiff and Defendant; Capacity 





(b) Capacity to Sue or be Sued. 


Capacity to sue or be sued is determined as follows: 


1) for an individual who is not acting in a representative capacity, by the law of the individual's domicile; 





(2) for a corporation, by the law under which it was organized; and 

(3) for all other parties, by the law of the state where the court is located, except that: 
(A) a partnership or other unincorporated association with no such capacity under that state's law may sue 
or be sued in its common name to enforce a substantive right existing under the United States Constitution 
or laws; and 
(B) 28 U.S.C. §§754 and 959(a) govern the capacity of a receiver appointed by a United States court to sue 
or be sued in a United States court. 

[SOURCE: http://www.law.cornell.edu/rules/frcep/Rulel7.htm] 





The above may not seem like a big deal, until you consider that if a person declares “heaven” as their domicile, then the court 
has to use God's laws in the Holy Bible as the only rules of decision! They cannot quote ANY federal statute or even court 
ruling as authority for what they are doing. The only thing they can apply is God's law and the rulings of ecclesiastical courts 
on the subject. We would LOVE to see this in a tax trial. The government would get CREAMED! This tactic is what we 
affectionately call “courtroom evangelism”. 





De Facto Government Scam 142 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


20 
21 


22 
23 
24 
25 
26 


27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 


37 


Below is an example of how to fill out a Change of Address for the state of California to remove any presumptions about 
“residence”. If you don’t do this, the state will essentially legally “presume” that you are an “alien”, a “resident”, and a 
“taxpayer”, and this will grossly prejudice your Constitutional rights: 








http://famguardian.org/TaxFreedom/Forms/Emancipation/ChangeOfAddressA ttachment.htm 





A number of legal factors are used in determining one's domicile. The following facts and circumstances, although not 
necessarily conclusive, have probative value to support a claim of domicile within a particular state: 


Continuous presence in the state. 

Payment of ad valorem (property) taxes. 

Payment of personal income taxes. 

Reliance upon state sources for financial support. 

Domicile in the state of family, or other relatives, or persons legally responsible for the person. 
Former domicile in the state and maintenance of significant connections therein while absent. 
Ownership of a home or real property. 

Admission to a licensed practicing profession in the state. 

Long term military commitments in the state. 

10. Commitments to further education in the state indicating an intent to stay here permanently. 
11. Acceptance of an offer of permanent employment in the state. 

12. Location of spouse's employment, if any. 

13. Address of student listed on selective service (draft or reserves) registration. 


32 WON Or Pe 


Other factors indicating an intent to make a state one's domicile may be considered. Normally, the following circumstances 
do not constitute evidence of domicile sufficient to effect classification as a domiciliary: 


Voting or registration for voting. 

The lease of living quarters. 

A statement of intention to acquire a domicile in state. 

Automobile registration; address on driver's license; payment of automobile taxes. 
Location of bank or saving accounts. 


Ge Gb 


To conclude this section, you may wish to look at a few of the government's forms that effectively ask you what your 
“domicile” is, so you can see what we are talking about in this section. Before we do, we must emphasize that in some cases, 
the version of a form we choose to file, even if it says nothing on the form about domicile, may determine our “residence”! 
This is VERY important. For instance, if we file a 1040NR form, we are claiming that we are not a “resident alien” and that 
we do not maintain a domicile in the District of Columbia. Whereas, if we file an IRS Form 1040, we are claiming that we 
are either a “resident” with a domicile in the District of Columbia, or are a “U.S. citizen” who is described as a “alien” coming 
under a tax treaty with the United States if we attach a form 2555 to the IRS Form 1040. Also keep in mind that only a 
“resident” can have a “residence”, and that all “residents” are aliens under the tax code, as far as we understand it. This is 
confirmed by our quote of 26 C.F.R. §1.871-2 earlier in this section, which you may want to go back and read. With these 
important considerations, below are a few of the forms that determine our “domicile”: 


Table 3: Example forms that determine domicile 





















































# Issuing agency Form number Form name “Domicile” Blocks that Amplification 
determine 
domicile 
1 IRS 1040, 1040EZ, US. Individual District of None. Just filing 
1040A Income Tax Columbia (only) the form does this. 
Return 
2 IRS 1040NR U.S. Nonresident State of the Union | None. Just filing 
Alien Income Tax or foreign country the form does this. 
Return 
3 IRS 2555 Foreign Earned Abroad (foreign None. Just filing 
Income Exclusion country) the form does this. 
4 IRS W-8BEN Place indicated in Block 4: Make sure you put “Heaven” 
Block 4 “Permanent here! 
address” 











De Facto Government Scam 143 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 








Cm ND wn 


28 
29 
30 


31 
32 
33 
34 
35 


36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
4l 























application 


application 


(some states, not 


Issuing agency Form number Form name “Domicile” Blocks that Amplification 
determine 
domicile 
Dept. of State DS-11 Application for Place indicated in Block 13: Make sure you put “Heaven” 
U.S. Passport or Block 13. “Permanent here! 
Registration address” 
States Change of address | Example: Place indicated in “New Correct Make sure you put “Heaven” 
California DMV- “New Correct residence address” | here! 
14 form Residence 
Address” 
States Voter registration Voter registration State where filed 
States Driver’s license Driver’s license State where filed In Oregon, you declare yourself 


to be a “resident” just by getting 


all) a state Driver’s License. 
However, not all states do this. 






































When you fill out government forms to reflect a domicile that is in the Kingdom of Heaven on Earth, some ignorant or wicked 
or atheist clerks may decide to argue with you. Below are the three most popular arguments you will hear, which are each 
accompanied by tactics that are useful in opposing them: 


1. If you submit the government form to a private company or organization, they may say that they have an unofficial 
“policy” of not accepting such forms. In response to such tactics, find another company that will accept it. If all 
companies won't accept it, then sue the companies for discrimination and violation of First Amendment rights. 

2. They may say that “domicile” is based on a physical place and that Heaven is not a physical place. In response to this, 
we must remember that the First Amendment prevents the government from “establishing a religion”. Because of this 
prohibition, the government can't even “define” what a religion is: 


A problem common to both religion clauses of the First Amendment is the dilemma of defining religion. To define 
religion is in a sense to establish it--those beliefs that are included enjoy a preferred constitutional status. For 
those left out of the definition, the definition may prove coercive. Indeed, it is in this latter context, which roughly 
approximates the area covered by the free exercise clause, where the cases and discussion of the meaning of 
religion have primarily centered. Professor Kent Greeawalt challenges the effort, and all efforts, to define 
religion: “No specification of essential conditions will capture all and only the benefits, practices, and 
organizations that are regarded as religious in modern culture and should be treated as such under the 
Constitution.” 

[First Amendment Law, Barron-Dienes, West Publishing, ISBN 0-314-22677-X, p. 432] 





To even define what “Heaven” is or to say that it doesn't physically exist is effectively to establish a religion. In order 
to determine that “Heaven” is not a physical place, they would be violating the separation of church and state and 
infringing upon your First Amendment right to practice your religion. 

3. They may say that no place can qualify as a domicile that you didn't occupy at one point or another. When they do this, 
the proper response is to say that they are interfering with your First Amendment religious rights and then to quote them 
the following scriptures, which suggest that we had an existence in Heaven before we ever came to earth and before time 
began: 


“But God, who is rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us, even when we were dead in 
trespasses, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved), and raised us up together, and 


made us sit together in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus, « 
[Eph. 2:4-6, Bible, NKIV] 





“Before I formed you in the womb I knew you; 
Before you were born I sanctified you; 


1 ordained you a prophet to the nations.” 
[Jeremiah 1:5, Bible, NKJV] 








“Therefore do not be ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me His prisoner, but share with me in the 
sufferings for the gospel according to the power of God, who has saved us and called us with a holy calling, not 
according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace which was given to us in Christ Jesus before 


[earthly] time began,” 
[2 Tim. 1:8-9, Bible, NKJV] 











De Facto Government Scam 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 


144 of 390 


EXHIBIT: 


RwNe 


18 


20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 


29 
30 
31 
32: 


33 
34 
35 
36 
37 


38 


39 
40 


4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 
53 


"For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand that 
we should walk in them.” 


[Eph. 2:10, Bible, NKJV] 





I will praise You, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made; 
Marvelous are Your works, 

And that my soul knows very well. 

My frame was not hidden from You, 

When I was made in secret, 

And skillfully wrought in the lowest parts of the earth. 
Your eyes saw my substance, being yet unformed. 


And in Your book they all were written, 
The [earthly] days fashioned for me, 
When as yet there were none of them. 


How precious also are Your thoughts to me, O God! 
How great is the sum of them! 
[Psalm 139:14-17, Bible, NKJV] 





Another approach that is useful against this tactic is to point out that the federal courts have ruled that: 


“Similarly, when a person is prevented from leaving his domicile by circumstances not of his doing and beyond 


his control, he may be relieved of the consequences attendant on domicile at that place. In Roboz (USDC D.C. 
1963) [Roboz v. Kennedy, 219 F.Supp. 892 (D.D.C. 1963), p. 24], a federal statute was involved which precluded 


the return of an alien's property if he was found to be domiciled in Hungary prior to a certain date. It was found 
that Hungary was Nazi-controlled at the time in question and that the persons involved would have left Hungary 
(and lost domicile there) had they been able to. Since they had bee precluded from leaving because of the political 
privations imposed by the very government they wanted to escape (the father was in prison there), the court would 
not hold them to have lost their property based on a domicile that circumstances beyond their control forced them 
to retain.” 

[Conflicts in a Nutshell, David D. Siegel and Patrick J. Borchers, West Publishing, p. 24] 


We should always remember that we never chose to come here to earth, and our presence is involuntary. Therefore, 
everything we do while here is a matter of compulsion rather than true choice. This subject is covered more thoroughly 
in sections 4.11.6 through 4.11.6.4 of the Great IRS Hoax, Form #11.302 if you wish to investigate. Therefore, we can 
be relieved of the consequences attendant to domicile if we do not wish to have one here. 


If all the above arguments are ineffective or when the government refuses to recognize your choice of Heaven as a domicile, 
remember also that the First Amendment STILL prevents them from compelling you to associate with any group, including 
a state, and that they can't compel you to belong to or consent to any earthly government or law, to accept or pay for protection 
you don't want and don't need, and which you can even prove is harmful to you. In effect, they cannot violate the very reason 
for their establishment, which is protecting you the way YOU, not THEM want to be protected. 


11.5.2 How the tax code compels choice of domicile 


The government has compelled domicile or interfered with receiving the benefits of your choice by any of the following 
means: 


1. Nowhere in Internal Revenue Code is the word “domicile” admitted to be the source of the government’s jurisdiction to 
impose an income tax, even though the U.S. Supreme Court admitted this in Miller Brothers Co. v. Maryland, 347 U.S. 
340 (1954). The word “domicile”, in fact, is only used in two sections of the entire 9,500 page Internal Revenue Code, 
Title 26. This is no accident, but a very devious way for the government to avoid getting into arguments with persons 
who it is accusing of being “taxpayers”. It avoids these arguments by avoiding showing Americans the easiest way to 
challenge federal jurisdiction, which is demanding proof from the government required by 5 U.S.C. §556(d), who is the 
moving party, that you maintain a domicile in the District of Columbia. The two sections below are the only places 
where domicile is mentioned: 

1.1. 26 U.S.C. §7448G)(1)(B)(vi): Annuities to surviving spouses and dependent children of judges. 
1.2. 26 U.S.C. §6091: Defines where returns shall be submitted in the case of deceased “taxpayers”, which is the 
“domicile” of the decedent when he died. 

2. They renamed the word “domicile” on government tax forms. They did this so that income taxation “appears” to be 

based entirely on physical presence, when in fact is also requires voluntary consent as well. If you knew that the 





De Facto Government Scam 145 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


government needed your consent to become a “taxpayer”, then probably everyone would “un-volunteer” and the 

government would be left scraping for pennies. Below are some examples of other names they gave to “domicile”: 

2.1. “permanent address” 

2.2. “permanent residence” 

2.3. “residence”: defined above, and only applying to nonresident aliens. There is no definition of “residence” anywhere 
in the ILR.C. in the case of a “citizen”. Below is how Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), Volume 28, Domicile, §4, 
describes the distinction between “residence” and “domicile”: 


Corpus Juris Secundum 
Domicile 
§4 Domicile and Residence Distinguished 


b. Use of Terms in Statutes 


The terms “domicile” and “residence,” as used in statutes, are commonly, although not necessarily, construed 
as synonymous. Whether the term “residence,” as used in a statute, will be construed as having the meaning of 
“domicile,” or the term “domicile” construed as “residence,” depends on the purpose of the statute and the 
nature of the subject matter, as well as the context in which the term is used. 32 It has been declared that the 
terms “residence” and “domicile” are almost universally used interchangeably in statute, and that since domicile 
and legal residence are synonymous, the statutory rules for determining the place of residence are the rules for 
determining domicile.34 However, it has been held that “residence,” when used in statutes, is generally 
interpreted by the courts as meaning “domicile,” but with important exception. 


Accordingly, whenever the terms “residence” and “domicile” are used in connection with subjects of domestic 
policy, the terms are equivalent, as they also are, generally, where a statute prescribes residence as a 
qualification for the enjoyment of a privilege or the exercise of a franchise. “Residence” as used in various 
particular statutes has been considered synonymous with “domicile.” 39 However, the terms are not necessarily 
synonymous.40 

[28 Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), Domicile, $4 Domicile and Resident Distinguished] 























3. By telling you that you MUST have a “domicile”. For instance, the Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), Volume 28 section 

on “Domicile” says the following on this subject: 
Corpus Juris Secundum 
§5 Necessity and Number 
“It is a settled principle that every person must have a domicile somewhere.3 The law permits no individual to 
be without a domicile,42 and an individual is never without a domicile somewhere.13 Domicile is a continuing 
thing, and from the moment a person is born he must, at all times, have a domicile .” 
[28 Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), Domicile, §5 Necessity and Number] 
Corpus Juris Secundum 
§9 Domicile by Operation of Law 
“Whenever a person does not fix a domicile for himself, the law will fix one for him in accordance with the facts 
and circumstances of the case; 12 and an infant's domicile will be fixed by operation of law where it cannot be 
determined from that of the parents.73” 
[28 Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), Domicile, $9 Domicile by Operation of Law] 

Indirectly, what they are suggesting in the above by FORCING you to have a domicile is that: 

3.1. You cannot choose God as your sole Protector, but MUST have an earthly protector who cannot be yourself. 

3.2. Although the First Amendment gives you the right to freely associate, it does not give you the right to disassociate 
with ALL governments. This is an absurdity. 

3.3. Government has a monopoly on protection and that individuals are not allowed to fire the government and provide 
their own protection, either individually or collectively. 

4. By inventing new words that allow them to avoid mentioning “domicile” in their vague “codes” while giving you the 
impression that an obligation exists that actually is consensual. For instance, in 26 U.S.C. §911 is the section of the 
I.R.C. entitled “Citizens or residents of the United States living abroad”. This section identifies the income tax liabilities 
of persons domiciled in the “United States” (federal zone) who are living temporarily abroad. We showed earlier that if 
they have a domicile abroad, then they cannot be either “citizens” or “residents” under the I.R.C., because domicile is a 
prerequisite for being either. In that section, they very deceptively: 

4.1. Use the word “abode” in 26 U.S.C. §911(d)(3) to describe one’s domicile so as to remove the requirement for 
“intent” and “consent” from consideration of the subject, even though they have no authority to ignore this 
requirement for consent in the case of anything but an “alien”. 

De Facto Government Scam 146 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


30 


31 
32 
33 


34 
35 
36 
37 


38 
39 


40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 


4.2. 


4.3. 


11.5.3 


Don't even use the word “domicile” at all, and refuse to acknowledge that what “citizens” or “residents” both have 
in common is a “domicile” within the United States. They did this to preserve the illusion that even after one 
changes their domicile to a foreign country while abroad, the federal tax liability continues, when in fact, it legally 
is not required to. After domicile is changed, those Americans who changed it while abroad then are no longer 
called “citizens” under federal law, but rather “nationals” and “nonresident aliens”. 

They invented a new word called a “tax home”, as if it were a substitute for “domicile”, when in fact it is not. A 
“tax home” is defined in 26 U.S.C. §911 as a place where a person who has a temporary presence abroad treats 
himself or herself as a privileged “resident” in the foreign country but still also maintains a privileged “resident” 
and “domicile” status in the “United States”. 


TITLE 26 > Subtitle A > CHAPTER I > Subchapter N > PART III > Subpart B > § 911 
§ 911. Citizens or residents of the United States living abroad 








(d) Definitions and special rules For purposes of this section— 
(3) Tax home 


The term “tax home” means, with respect to any individual, such individual’s home for purposes of section 162 


(a)(2) (relating to traveling expenses while away from home). An individual shall not be treated as having a tax 
home in a foreign country for any period for which his abode [domicile] is within the United States [federal 


zone l. 


The only way the government can maintain your status as a “taxpayer” is to perpetuate you in a “privileged” state, 
so they simply don’t offer any options to leave the privileged state by refusing to admit to you that the terms “citizen” 
and “resident” presume you made a voluntary choice of domicile within their jurisdiction. I.R.C. section 162 
mentioned above is the section for privileged deductions, and the only persons who can take deductions are those 
engaged in the privileged “trade or business” excise taxable franchise. Therefore, the only person who would derive 
any benefit from deductions is a person with a domicile in the “United States” (District of Columbia) and who has 
earnings from that place which are connected with a “trade or business”, which means U.S. government (corporation) 
source income as a “public officer’’. 


How the Legal Encyclopedia compels choice of domicile 


Even the legal encyclopedia tries to hide the nature of domicile. For instance, Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), Volume 28 


at: 








http://famguardian.org/TaxFreedom/CitesB yTopic/Domicile-28CJS-20051203.pdf 





which we quoted in the previous section does not even mention the requirement for “allegiance” as part of domicile or the 
fact that allegiance must be voluntary and not compelled, even though the U.S. Supreme Court said this was an essential part 


of it: 


“Since the Fourteenth Amendment makes one a citizen of the state wherein he resides, the fact of residence 


creates universally reciprocal duties of protection by the state and of allegiance and support by the citizen. The 
latter obviously includes a duty to pay taxes, and their nature and measure is largely a political matter.” [Miller 
Brothers Co. v. Maryland, 347 U.S. 340 (1954)] 


The legal encyclopedia in the above deliberately and maliciously omits mention of any of the following key concepts, even 
though the U.S. Supreme Court has acknowledged elements of them as we have shown: 


Ne 


That allegiance that is the foundation of domicile must be voluntary and cannot be coerced. 
That external factors such as the withdrawal of one’s right to conduct commerce for failure to give allegiance causes 


domicile choice to no longer be voluntary. 

3. That a choice of domicile constitutes an exercise of your First Amendment right of freedom of association and that a 
failure to associate with a specific government is an exercise of your right of freedom from compelled association. 

4. That you retain all your constitutional rights even WITHOUT choosing a domicile within a specific government because 
rights attach to the land you are standing on and not the civil status you choose by exercising your right to associate and 
becoming a member of a “state” or municipality. 





De Facto Government Scam 147 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 





Caordtansr w 


26 
27 
28 


29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 


36 


37 
38 
39 
40 


The result of maliciously refusing to acknowledge the above concepts is a failure to acknowledge the foundation of all just 
authority of every government on earth, which is the consent of the governed mentioned in our Declaration of Independence. 


“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator 
with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.--That to secure 
these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the 
governed, --That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the 
People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and 
organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.” 
[Declaration of Independence] 


A failure to acknowledge that requirement for “consent of the governed” results in a complete destruction of the sovereignty 
of the people, because the basis of all your sovereignty is that no one can do anything to you without your consent, unless 
you injured the equal rights of others. This concept is exhaustively described in the following document: 





Requirement for Consent, Form #05.003 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 














11.5.4 How governments compel choice of domicile: Government ID 


In order to do business within any jurisdiction, and especially with the government and financial institutions, one usually 
needs identification documents. Such documents include: 


State driver’s license. Issued by the Dept. of Motor Vehicles in your state. 

State ID card. Issued by the Dept. of Motor Vehicles in your state. 

Permanent resident green card. 

National passport. Issued by the U.S. Dept. of State. 

U.S. Citizen Card. Issued by the Dept. of State. These are typically used at border crossings. 


Su bo 


All ID issued by the state governments, and especially the driver’s license, requires that the applicant be a “resident” of the 
“State of ”. Tf you look up the definition of “resident” and “State of” or “State” or “in this State” within the state tax 
code, these terms are defined to mean a privileged alien with a domicile on federal territory not protected by the Constitution. 


USA passports also require that you provide a domicile. The Department of State Form DS-11 in Block 17 requires you to 
specify a “Permanent Address”, which means domicile. See: 











http://famguardian.org/Subjects/Taxes/Citizenship/DOS-DS 11-20080320.pdf 





Domicile within the country is not necessary in order to be issued a national passport. All you need is proof of birth within 
that country. If you would like tips on how to obtain a national passport without a domicile within a state and without 
government issued identifying numbers that connect you to franchises, see: 





Getting a USA Passport as a “State National”, Form #10.013 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

















State ID, however, always requires domicile within the state in order to be issued either a state driver’s license or a state ID. 
Consequently, there is no way to avoid becoming privileged if you want state ID. This situation would seem at first to be a 
liability until you also consider that they can’t lawfully issue a driver’s license to non-residents. Imagine going down to the 
DMV and telling them that you are physically on state land but do not choose a domicile here and that you can’t be compelled 
to and that you would like for them to certify that you came in to request a license and that you were refused and don’t qualify. 
Then you can show that piece of paper called a “Letter of Disqualification” to the next police officer who stops you and asks 
you for a license. Imagine having the following dialog with the police officer when you get stopped: 


Officer: May I see your license and registration please? 


You: I’m sorry, officer, but I went down to the DMV to request a license and they told me that I don’t qualify 
because I am a non-resident of this state. I have a Letter of Disqualification they gave me while I was there 
stating that I made application and that they could not lawfully issue a license to me as a nonresident. Here it is, 
officer. 





De Facto Government Scam 148 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Auk wn 


23 
24 
25 
26 
27 


28 


Www WwW Ww 
BONES 


w wD 
an 


wow w 
CaN 


4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 


46 
47 


48 
49 
50 
51 
52 


Officer: Well, then do you have a license from another state? 


You: My domicile is in a place that has no government. Therefore, there is no one who can issue licenses there. 
Can you show me a DMV office in the middle of the ocean, which is where my domicile is and where my will says 
my ashes will be PERMANENTLY taken to when I die. My understanding is that domicile or residence requires 
an intention to permanently remain at a place and I am not here permanently and don’t intend to remain here. I 
am a perpetual traveler, a transient foreigner, and a vagrant until I am buried. 


Officer: Don’t get cute with me. If you don’t produce a license, then I’m going to cite you for driving without a 
license. 


You: Driving is a commercial activity and I am not presently engaged in a commercial activity. Do you have 
any evidence to the contrary? Furthermore, I’d love to see you explain to the judge how you can punish me for 
refusing to have that which the government says they can’t even lawfully issue me. That ought to be a good laugh. 
I’m going to make sure the whole family is there for that one. It’ll be better than Saturday Night Live! 


We allege that the purpose of the vehicle code in your state is NOT the promotion of public safety, but to manufacture 
“residents” and “taxpayers”. The main vehicle by which states of the Union, in fact, manufacture “residents”, who are 
privileged “public officers” that are “taxpayers” and aliens with respect to the government is essentially by compelling 
everyone to obtain and use state driver’s licenses. This devious trap operates as follows: 


1. You cannot obtain a state driver’s license without being a “resident”. If you go into any DMV office and tell them you 
are not a “resident”, then they are not allowed to issue you a license. You can ask from them what is called a “Letter of 
Disqualification”, which states that you are not eligible for a driver’s license. You can keep that letter and show it to any 
police officer who stops you and wants your “license”. He cannot then cite you for “driving without a license” that the 
state refuses to issue you, nor can he impound your car for driving without a license! 


California Vehicle Code 


“14607.6. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, and except as provided in this section, a motor vehicle 
is subject to forfeiture as a nuisance if it is driven on a highway in this state by a driver with a suspended or 





revoked license, or by an unlicensed driver, who is a registered owner of the vehicle at the time of impoundment 


and has a previous misdemeanor conviction for a violation of subdivision (a) of Section 12500 or Section 
14601, 14601.1, 14601.2, 14601.3, 14601.4, or 14601.5. 





(b) A peace officer shall not stop a vehicle for the sole reason of determining whether the driver is properly 
licensed. 


(c) (1) If a driver is unable to produce a valid driver's license on the demand of a peace officer enforcing the 
provisions of this code, as required by subdivision (b) of Section 12951, the vehicle shall be impounded 


regardless of ownership, unless the peace officer is reasonably able, by other means, to verify that the driver is 


properly licensed. Prior to impounding a vehicle, a peace officer shall attempt to verify the license status of a 


driver who claims to be properly licensed but is unable to produce the license on demand of the peace officer. 


(2) A peace officer shall not impound a vehicle pursuant to this subdivision if the license of the driver expired 
within the preceding 30 days and the driver would otherwise have been properly licensed. 


(3) A peace officer may exercise discretion in a situation where the driver without a valid license is an employee 
driving a vehicle registered to the employer in the course of employment. A peace officer may also exercise 
discretion in a situation where the driver without a valid license is the employee of a bona fide business 
establishment or is a person otherwise controlled by such an establishment and it reasonably appears that an 
owner of the vehicle, or an agent of the owner, relinquished possession of the vehicle to the business establishment 
solely for servicing or parking of the vehicle or other reasonably similar situations, and where the vehicle was 
not to be driven except as directly necessary to accomplish that business purpose. In this event, if the vehicle can 
be returned to or be retrieved by the business establishment or registered owner, the peace officer may release 
and not impound the vehicle. 


(4) A registered or legal owner of record at the time of impoundment may request a hearing to determine the 
validity of the impoundment pursuant to subdivision (n). 


(5) If the driver of a vehicle impounded pursuant to this subdivision was not a registered owner of the vehicle 
at the time of impoundment, or if the driver of the vehicle was a registered owner of the vehicle at the time of 
impoundment but the driver does not have a previous conviction for a violation of subdivision (a) of Section 
12500 or Section 14601, 14601.1, 14601.2, 14601.3, 14601.4, or 14601.5, the vehicle shall be released pursuant 
to this code and is not subject to forfeiture. 





De Facto Government Scam 149 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


CHOI DAUR WNHH 


NFO 


13 
14 
15 
16 


17 
18 


19 
20 
21 


22 
23 


24 
25 
26 


27 
28 
29 
30 


w 
BB 


wow Ww 
IAN 


ww 
Oo oO 


4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 


48 
49 
50 
51 
52 
53 
54 
55 
56 


(d) (1) This subdivision applies only if the driver of the vehicle is a registered owner of the vehicle at the time 
of impoundment. Except as provided in paragraph (5) of subdivision (c), if the driver of a vehicle impounded 
pursuant to subdivision (c) was a registered owner of the vehicle at the time of impoundment, the impounding 
agency shall authorize release of the vehicle if, within three days of impoundment, the driver of the vehicle at the 
time_of impoundment presents his or her valid driver's license, including a valid temporary California driver's 
license or permit, to the impounding agency. The vehicle shall then be released to a registered owner of record 
at the time of impoundment, or an agent of that owner authorized in writing, upon payment of towing and storage 
charges related to the impoundment, and any administrative charges authorized by Section 22850.5, providing 
that the person claiming the vehicle is properly licensed and the vehicle is properly registered. A vehicle 
impounded pursuant to the circumstances described in paragraph (3) of subdivision (c) shall be released to a 
registered owner whether or not the driver of the vehicle at the time of impoundment presents a valid driver's 
license. 











(2) If there is a community property interest in the vehicle impounded pursuant to subdivision (c), owned at the 
time of impoundment by a person other than the driver, and the vehicle is the only vehicle available to the driver's 
immediate family that may be operated with a class C driver's license, the vehicle shall be released to a registered 
owner or to the community property interest owner upon compliance with all of the following requirements: 


(A) The registered owner or the community property interest owner requests release of the vehicle and the 
owner of the community property interest submits proof of that interest. 


(B) The registered owner or the community property interest owner submits proof that he or she, or an 
authorized driver, is properly licensed and that the impounded vehicle is properly registered pursuant to this 
code. 


(C) All towing and storage charges related to the impoundment and any administrative charges authorized 
pursuant to Section 22850.5 are paid. 


(D) The registered owner or the community property interest owner signs a stipulated vehicle release 
agreement, as described in paragraph (3), in consideration for the nonforfeiture of the vehicle. This requirement 
applies only if the driver requests release of the vehicle. 


(3) A stipulated vehicle release agreement shall provide for the consent of the signator to the automatic future 
forfeiture and transfer of title to the state of any vehicle registered to that person, if the vehicle is driven by a 
driver with a suspended or revoked license, or by an unlicensed driver. The agreement shall be in effect for only 
as long as it is noted on a driving record maintained by the department pursuant to Section 1806.1. 


(4) The stipulated vehicle release agreement described in paragraph (3) shall be reported by the impounding 
agency to the department not later than 10 days after the day the agreement is signed. 


(5) No vehicle shall be released pursuant to paragraph (2) if the driving record of a registered owner indicates 
that a prior stipulated vehicle release agreement was signed by that person. 


(e) (1) The impounding agency, in the case of a vehicle that has not been redeemed pursuant to subdivision (d), 
or that has not been otherwise released, shall promptly ascertain from the department the names and addresses 
of all legal and registered owners of the vehicle. 


(2) The impounding agency, within two days of impoundment, shall send a notice by certified mail, return 
receipt requested, to all legal and registered owners of the vehicle, at the addresses obtained from the department, 
informing them that the vehicle is subject to forfeiture and will be sold or otherwise disposed of pursuant to this 
section. The notice shall also include instructions for filing a claim with the district attorney, and the time limits 
for filing a claim. The notice shall also inform any legal owner of its right to conduct the sale pursuant to 
subdivision (g). If a registered owner was personally served at the time of impoundment with a notice containing 
all the information required to be provided by this paragraph, no further notice is required to be sent to a 
registered owner. However, a notice shall still be sent to the legal owners of the vehicle, if any. If notice was not 
sent to the legal owner within two working days, the impounding agency shall not charge the legal owner for 
more than 15-days' impoundment when the legal owner redeems the impounded vehicle. 


(3) No processing charges shall be imposed on a legal owner who redeems an impounded vehicle within 15 
days of the impoundment of that vehicle. If no claims are filed and served within 15 days after the mailing of the 
notice in paragraph (2), or if no claims are filed and served within five days of personal service of the notice 
specified in paragraph (2), when no other mailed notice is required pursuant to paragraph (2), the district 
attorney shall prepare a written declaration of forfeiture of the vehicle to the state. A written declaration of 
forfeiture signed by the district attorney under this subdivision shall be deemed to provide good and sufficient 
title to the forfeited vehicle. A copy of the declaration shall be provided on request to any person informed of the 
pending forfeiture pursuant to paragraph (2). A claim that is filed and is later withdrawn by the claimant shall 
be deemed not to have been filed. 





De Facto Government Scam 150 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


1 (4) If a claim is timely filed and served, then the district attorney shall file a petition of forfeiture with the 
2 appropriate juvenile, municipal, or superior court within 10 days of the receipt of the claim. The district attorney 
3 shall establish an expedited hearing date in accordance with instructions from the court, and the court shall hear 
4 the matter without delay. The court filing fee, not to exceed fifty dollars ($50), shall be paid by the claimant, but 
5 shall be reimbursed by the impounding agency if the claimant prevails. To the extent practicable, the civil and 
6 criminal cases shall be heard at the same time in an expedited, consolidated proceeding. A proceeding in the 
7 civil case is a limited civil case.” 

8 [California Vehicle Code, Section 14607.6, Sept. 20, 2004] 

9 Below is evidence showing how one person obtained a “Letter of Disqualification“ that resulted in being able to drive 
10 perpetually without having a state -issued driver's license. 
ul http://famguardian.org/Subjects/Taxes/Articles/DomicileBasisTaxationDL-20060522.pdf 





12 2. Most state vehicle codes define “resident” as a person with a domicile in the “State”. Below is an example from the 
13 California Vehicle Code: 

















14 California Vehicle Code 

15 516. “Resident” means any person who manifests an intent to live or be located in this state on more than a 
16 temporary or transient basis. Presence in the state for six months or more in any 12-month period gives rise to 
17 a rebuttable presumption of residency. 

18 The following are evidence of residency for purposes of vehicle registration: 

19 (a) Address where registered to vote. 

20 (b) Location of employment or place of business. 

21 (c) Payment of resident tuition at a public institution of higher education. 

22 (d) Attendance of dependents at a primary or secondary school. 

23 (e) Filing a homeowner's property tax exemption. 

24 (f) Renting or leasing a home for use as a residence. 

25 (g) Declaration of residency to obtain a license or any other privilege or benefit not ordinarily extended to a 
26 nonresident. 

27 (h) Possession of a California driver's license. 

28 (i) Other acts, occurrences, or events that indicate presence in the state is more than temporary or transient. 
29 [SOURCE: 

30 http://www.leginfo.ca.gov/cgi-bin/waisgate? WAISdocID=49966114921+5+0+0&WAISaction=retrieve] 

31 

32 California Vehicle Code 

33 12505. (a) (1) For purposes of this division only and notwithstanding Section 516, residency shall be determined 
34 as _a person's state of domicile. “State of domicile” means the state where a person has his or her true, fixed, 
35 and permanent home and principal residence and to which he or she has manifested the intention of returning 
36 whenever he or she is absent. 

37 Prima facie evidence of residency for driver's licensing purposes includes, but is not limited to, the following: 
38 (A) Address where registered to vote. 

39 (B) Payment of resident tuition at a public institution of higher education. 

40 (C) Filing a homeowner's property tax exemption. 

41 ‘D) Other acts, occurrences, or events that indicate presence in the state is more than temporary or transient. 
42 (2) California residency is required of a person in order to be issued a commercial driver's license under this 
43 code. 

44 (b) The presumption of residency in this state may be rebutted by satisfactory evidence that the licensee's 
45 primary residence is in another state. 

46 (c) Any person entitled to an exemption under Section 12502, 12503, or 12504 may operate a motor vehicle in 
47 this state for not to exceed 10 days from the date he or she establishes residence in this state, except that he or 
48 she shall obtain a license from the department upon becoming a resident before being employed for compensation 
49 by another for the purpose of driving a motor vehicle on the highways. 

50 [SOURCE: 

51 http://www. leginfo.ca.gov/cgi-bin/waisgate ? WAISdocID=49860512592+2+0+0&WAISaction=retrieve] 

52 

53 516. “Resident” means any person who manifests an intent to live or be located in this state on more than a 
54 temporary or transient basis. Presence in the state for six months or more in any 12-month period gives rise to 
55 a rebuttable presumption of residency. 

56 The following are evidence of residency for purposes of vehicle registration: 





De Facto Government Scam 151 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


11 


12 
13 


18 
19 


20 


21 


22 


23 
24 
25 


26 
27 


28 


30 


31 
32 


33 


34 
35 
36 


37 


38 


(a) Address where registered to vote. 

(b) Location of employment or place of business. 

(c) Payment of resident tuition at a public institution of higher education. 
(d) Attendance of dependents at a primary or secondary school. 

(e) Filing a homeowner's property tax exemption. 

(f) Renting or leasing a home for use as a residence. 


(g) Declaration of residency to obtain a license or any other privilege or benefit not ordinarily extended to a 
nonresident. 


(h) Possession of a California driver's license. 


(i) Other acts, occurrences, or events that indicate presence in the state is more than temporary or transient. 
[SOURCE: http://www.leginfo.ca. gov/cgi-bin/displaycode ?section=veh& group=00001-01000&file= 100-680] 





3. The term “State” is then defined in the revenue codes to mean the federal areas within the exterior limits of the state. 
Below is an example from the California Vehicle Code: 


California Revenue and Taxation Code 


17017. “United States,” when used in a geographical sense, includes the states, the District of Columbia, and 
the possessions of the United States. 


17018. “State” includes the District of Columbia, and the possessions of the United States. 


4. You must surrender all other state driver’s licenses in order to obtain one from most states. Below is an example from 
the California Vehicle Code: 


California Vehicle Code 


12805. The department shall not issue a driver's license to, or renew a driver's license of, any person: 


(f) Who holds a valid driver's license issued by a foreign jurisdiction unless the license has been surrendered to 
the department, or is lost or destroyed. 





12511. No person shall have in his or her possession or otherwise under his or her control more than one driver's 
license. 


Consequently, the vehicle code in most states, in the case of individuals not involved in “commercial activity”, applies mainly 
to “public officers” who are effectively “residents” of the federal zone with an effective “domicile” or “residence” there: 


26 U.S.C. §7701 


(a) When used in this title, where not otherwise distinctly expressed or manifestly incompatible with the intent 
thereof— 


(39) Persons residing outside United States 


If any citizen or resident of the United States does not reside in (and is not found in) any United States judicial 
district, such citizen or resident shall be treated as residing in the District of Columbia for purposes of any 
provision of this title relating to— 


(A) jurisdiction of courts, or 


(B) enforcement of summons. 


De Facto Government Scam 152 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 





22 
23 
24 
25 


26 
aT 
28 


29 


30 


31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 


4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 


47 


48 
49 


50 
51 
52 
53 


[SOURCE: https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/26/7701 ] 


These persons are “taxpayers”. They are Americans who have contracted away their Constitutional rights in exchange for 
government “privileges” and they are the only “persons” who inhabit or maintain a “domicile” or “residence” in the “State” 
as defined above. Only people with a domicile in such “State” can be required to obtain a “license” to drive on the 
“highways”. While they are exercising “agency” on behalf of or representing the government corporation, they are “citizens” 
of that corporation and “residents”, because the corporation itself is a “citizen” and therefore a person with a domicile in the 
place where the corporation was formed, which for the “United States” is the District of Columbia: 


“Corporations are also of all grades, and made for varied objects; all governments are corporations, created by 
usage and common consent, or grants and charters which create a body politic for prescribed purposes; but 


whether they are private, local or general, in their objects, for the enjoyment of property, or the exercise o 
power, they are all governed by the same rules of law, as to the construction and the obligation of the 
instrument by which the incorporation is made. One universal rule of law protects persons and property. It is 


a fundamental principle of the common law of England, that the term freemen of the kingdom, includes ‘all 
persons, ' ecclesiastical and temporal, incorporate, politique or natural; it is a part of their magna charta (2 Inst. 
4), and is incorporated into our institutions. The persons of the members of corporations are on the same footing 
of protection as other persons, and their corporate property secured by the same laws which protect that of 
individuals. 2 Inst. 46-7. 'No man shall be taken,' 'no man shall be disseised,' without due process of law, is a 
principle taken from magna charta, infused into all our state constitutions, and is made inviolable by the federal 
government, by the amendments to the constitution.” 

[Proprietors of Charles River Bridge v. Proprietors of Warren Bridge, 36 U.S. 420 (1837)] 





“A corporation is a citizen, resident, or inhabitant of the state or country by or under the laws of which it was 
created, and of that state or country only.” 
[19 Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), Corporations, §886 (2003) ] 








Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 
IV. PARTIES > Rule 17. 
Rule 17. Parties Plaintiff and Defendant; Capacity 





(b) Capacity to Sue or be Sued. 


Capacity to sue or be sued is determined as follows: 


1) for an individual who is not acting in a representative capacity, by the law of the individual's domicile; 





(2) for a corporationfor one REPRESENTING a PUBLIC CORPORATION called the government as a 


“public officer”), by the law under which it was organized; and 

(3) for all other parties, by the law of the state where the court is located, except that: 
(A) a partnership or other unincorporated association with no such capacity under that state's law may sue 
or be sued in its common name to enforce a substantive right existing under the United States Constitution 
or laws; and 
(B) 28 U.S.C. §§754 and 959(a) govern the capacity of a receiver appointed by a United States court to sue 
or be sued in a United States court. 

[SOURCE: http://www.law.cornell.edu/rules/frcep/Rule17.htm] 


If you don’t want to be a “public officer” who has an effective “domicile” or “residence” in the District of Columbia, then 
you have to divorce the state, create your own “state”, and change your domicile to that new “state”. For instance, you can 
form an association of people and choose a domicile within that association. This association would be referred to as a 
“foreign jurisdiction” within the vehicle code in most states. The association can become the “government” for that group, 
and issue its own driver’s licenses and conduct its own “courts”. In effect, it becomes a competitor to the de facto state for 
the affections, allegiance, and obedience of the people. This is capitalism at its finest, folks! 


California Vehicle Code 


12502. (a) The following persons may operate a motor vehicle in this state without obtaining a driver's license 
under this code: 


(1) A nonresident over the age of 18 years having in his or her immediate possession a valid driver's license 
issued by a foreign jurisdiction of which he or she is a resident, except as provided in Section 12505. 


[SOURCE: 
http://www. leginfo.ca.gov/cgi-bin/displaycode ?section=veh&group=12001 -13000&file=12500-12527] 





De Facto Government Scam 153 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 


33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
41 


42 
43 
44 
45 


46 


As long as the driver’s licenses issued by the government you form meet the same standard as those for the state you are in, 
then it doesn’t matter who issued it. 


California Vehicle Code 


12505. (a) (1) For purposes of this division only and notwithstanding Section 516, residency shall be determined 
as a person's state of domicile. “State of domicile” means the state where a person has his or her true, fixed, and 


permanent home and principal residence and to which he or she has manifested the intention of 
returning whenever he or she is absent. 


(e) Subject to Section 12504, a person over the age of 16 years who is a resident of a foreign jurisdiction other 


than _a state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of 


Puerto Rico, or Canada, having a valid driver's license issued to him or her by any other foreign jurisdiction 





having licensing standards deemed by the Department of Motor Vehicles equivalent to those of this state, may 
operate a motor vehicle in this state without obtaining a license from the department, except that he or she shall 


obtain a license before being employed for compensation by another for the purpose of driving a motor vehicle 
on the highways. 

[SOURCE: 

http://www. leginfo.ca.gov/cgi-bin/displaycode ?section=veh& group=12001-13000&file=12500-12527] 


As long as you take and pass the same written and driver’s tests as the state uses, even your church could issue it! As a matter 
of fact, below is an example of a church that issues “Heaven Driver’s Licenses” called “Embassy of Heaven”: 














http://www.embassyofheaven.com/ 





You can’t be compelled by law to grant to your public “servants” a monopoly that compels you into servitude to them as a 
“public officer”. In the United States, WE THE PEOPLE are the government, and not their representatives and “servants” 
who work for them implementing the laws that they pass. Consequently, you and your friends or church, as a “self-governing 
body” can make your own driver’s license and in fact and in law, those licenses will by definition be “government-issued”. 
To wit: 


“The words 'people of the United States' and ‘citizens,’ are synonymous terms, and mean the same thing. They 
both describe the political body who, according to our republican institutions, form the sovereignty, and who 
hold the power and conduct the government through their representatives [they are the government, not their 
servants]. They are what we familiarly call the 'sovereign people,' and every citizen is one of this people, and a 
constituent member of this sovereignty. ...” 

[Boyd v. State of Nebraska, 143 U.S. 135 (1892)] 





“From the differences existing between feudal sovereignties and Government founded on compacts, it necessarily 
follows that their respective prerogatives must differ. Sovereignty is the right to govern; a nation or State- 
sovereign is the person or persons in whom that resides. In Europe the sovereignty is generally ascribed to the 


Prince; here it rests with the people; there, the sovereign actually administers the Government; here, never in 
a single instance; our Governors are the agents of the people, and at most stand in the same relation to their 
sovereign, in which regents in Europe stand to their sovereigns. Their Princes have personal powers, dignities, 
and pre-eminences, our rulers have none but official; nor do they partake in the sovereignty otherwise, or in 


any other capacity, than as private citizens.” 
[Chisholm, Ex'r. v. Georgia, 2 Dall. (U.S.) 419, 1 L.Ed. 454, 457, 471, 472 (1794)] 


Anyone who won’t accept such a driver’s license should be asked to contradict the U.S. Supreme Court and to prove that you 
AREN’T part of the government as a person who governs his own life and the lives of other members of the group you have 
created. The following article also emphasizes that “We The People” are the government, and that our servants have been 
trying to deceive us into believing otherwise: 





We The People Are The American Government, Nancy Levant 
http://famguardian.org/Subjects/Law AndGovt/Articles/(WeAreGovernment.pdf 














If you would like to know more about this fascinating subject, see the following book: 





De Facto Government Scam 154 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 





YN Dw se 


23 
24 


25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 


34 
35 


36 
37 
38 


39 
40 
4l 
42 





Defending Your Right to Travel, Form #06.010 
http://sedm.org/ItemInfo/Ebooks/DefY ourRightToTravel.htm 

















Chances are good that you as a reader at one time or another procured government ID without knowing all the legal 
consequences described in this document. The existence of that ID and the evidence documenting your request for it can and 
probably will be used by the government against you as evidence that you are subject to their civil laws and a customer of 
their "protection racket". The best technique for rebutting such evidence is that appearing in the following document. The 
submission of this document is a MANDATORY part of becoming a Member of this fellowship, and hopefully you now 
understand why it is mandatory: 





Legal Notice of Change in Domicile/Citizenship and Divorce from the "United States", Form #10.001 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

















In particular, see the following sections in the above document: 


1. Section 9: Affidavit of Duress, Government ID Scam. 
2. Section 10.8: Criminal Complaint Against Those Engaged in the Government ID Scam 


11.5.5 Private employers and financial institutions compelling FALSE choice of domicile 


Whenever you open a financial account or start a new job these days, most employers, banks, or investment companies will 
require you to produce “government ID”. Their favorite form of ID is the state issued ID. Unfortunately, unless you are an 
alien domiciled on federal territory within the exterior limits of the state who is not protected by the Constitution, you don’t 
qualify for state ID or even a state driver’s license. By asking for “government ID”, employers and financial institutions 
indirectly are forcing you to do the following as a precondition of doing business with them: 


1. Surrender the benefits and protections of being a “citizen” in exchange for being a privileged alien, and to do so 
WITHOUT consideration and without recourse. 
2. Become a statutory “resident alien” pursuant to 26 U.S.C. §7701(b)(1)(A) domiciled on federal territory and subject to 
federal jurisdiction, who is a public officer within the federal government engaged in the “trade or business” franchise. 
See: 
The “Trade or Business” Scam, Form #05.001 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 
3. Become a privileged “resident alien” franchisee who is compelled to participate in what essentially amounts to a 
“protection racket”. 




















“Residents, as distinguished from citizens, are aliens who are permitted to take up a permanent abode in the 
country. Being bound to the society by reason of their [intention of] dwelling in it, they are subject to its laws so 
long as they remain there, and, being protected by it, they must defend it, although they do not enjoy all the rights 
of citizenship. They have only certain privileges which the law, or custom, gives them. Permanent residents are 
those who have been given the right of perpetual residence. They are a sort of citizen of a less privileged 
character, and are subject to the society without enjoying all its advantages. Their children succeed to their 
status; for the right of perpetual residence given them by the State passes to their children.” 

[The Law of Nations, p. 87, E. De Vattel, Volume Three, 1758, Carnegie Institution of Washington; emphasis 
added. ] 


4. Serving two masters and being subject simultaneously to state and federal jurisdiction. The federal government has 
jurisdiction over aliens, including those within a state. 


“No one can serve two masters [two employers, for instance]; for either he will hate the one and love the other, 
or else he will be loyal to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and mammon [government].” 
[Luke 16:13, Bible, NKJV. Written by a tax collector] 


One thing you can show financial institutions as an alternative to state ID or a state driver’s license that doesn’t connect you 
to the “protection franchise” and a domicile on federal territory is a USA passport. What they do to deal with “difficult” 
people like that is say that they need TWO forms of government ID in order to open the account. Here is an example of what 
you might hear on this subject: 





De Facto Government Scam 155 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Co ND 


21 
22, 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 


28 
29 


30 
31 
32 
33 
34 


35 
36 


37 
38 


39 
40 
4l 


42 
43 
44 


45 
46 


“I’m sorry, but the Patriot Act [or some other obscure regulation] requires you to produce TWO forms of 
government issued ID to open an account with us.” 


Most people falsely presume that the above statement means that they ALSO need state ID in addition to the passport but this 
isn’t true. It is a maxim of law that the law cannot require an impossibility. If they are going to impose a duty upon you 
under the color of law by saying that you need TWO forms of ID, they must provide a way to comply without: 


Compelling you to politically associate with a specific government in violation of the First Amendment. 
Compelling you to participate in government franchises by providing an identifying number. 

Misrepresenting your status as a privileged “resident alien”. 

Violating your religious beliefs by nominating an Earthly protector and thereby firing God as your only protector. 


= eh 


There are lots of ways around this trap. For instance, the U.S. Supreme Court said WE are the government and that we govern 
ourselves through our elected representatives. 


“The words ‘people of the United States' and 'citizens,' are synonymous terms, and mean the same thing. They 


both describe the political body who, according to our republican institutions, form the sovereignty, and who 


hold the power and conduct the government through their representatives. They are what we familiarly call the 


‘sovereign people,' and every citizen is one of this people, and a constituent member of this sovereignty. ..." 
[Boyd v. State of Nebraska, 143 U.S. 135 (1892)] 


So what does “government id” really mean? A notary public is also a public officer and therefore part of the government. 


Chapter 1 
Introduction 
§1.1 Generally 


A notary public (sometimes called a notary) is a public official appointed under authority of law with power, 


among other things, to administer oaths, certify affidavits, take acknowledgments, take depositions, perpetuate 
testimony, and protect negotiable instruments. Notaries are not appointed under federal law; they are appointed 
under the authority of the various states, districts, territories, as in the case of the Virgin Islands, and the 
commonwealth, in the case of Puerto Rico. The statutes, which define the powers and duties of a notary public, 
frequently grant the notary the authority to do all acts justified by commercial usage and the "law merchant". 
[Anderson's Manual for Notaries Public, Ninth Edition, 2001, ISBN 1-58360-357-3/ 


If you hand the financial institution any of the following, you have satisfied their requirement for secondary ID without 
violating the law or being compelled to associate with or contract with the government: 


1. Notarized piece of paper with your picture and your birth certificate on it. The notary is a government officer and 
therefore it is government ID. 

2. Certified copy of your birth certificate by itself. The certification is from the government so its government ID. 

3. ID issued by a government you formed and signed by the “Secretary of State” of that government. The people are the 
government according to the Supreme Court, so you can issue your own ID. 


You have to be creative at times to avoid the frequent attempts to compel you to sign up for government franchises, but it is 
still doable. 


Another thing that nearly all financial institutions and private employers habitually do is PRESUME, usually wrongfully, 
that: 


1. You are a “citizen” or a “resident” of the place you live or work. What citizens and residents have in common is a 
domicile within a jurisdiction. Otherwise, you would be called “nonresidents” or “transient foreigners”. 
2. Whatever residence or mailing address you give them is your domicile. 


By making such a false presumption, employers and financial institutions in effect are causing you to make an “invisible 
election” to become a citizen or resident or domiciliary and to provide your tacit consent to be governed without even realizing 
it. 


If you want to prevent becoming a victim of the false presumption that you are a “citizen”, “resident”, and therefore 
domiciliary of the place you live or work, you must take special precautions to notify all of your business associates by 





De Facto Government Scam 156 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


24 


25 


26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 


35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 


47 


48 


providing a special form to them describing you as a “nonresident” of some kind. At the federal level, that form is the IRS 
Form W-8BEN or a suitable substitute, which identifies the holder as a “nonresident alien”. IRS does not make a form for 
“nonresidents” who are not “aliens”, unfortunately, so you must therefore modify their form or make your own form. For an 
article on how to fill out tax forms to ensure that you are not PRESUMED, usually prejudicially and falsely, to be a resident 
or citizen or domiciliary, see the following article: 





About IRS Form W-8BEN, Form #04.202 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 














Sometimes, those receiving your declaration of nonresident status may try to interfere with that choice. For such cases, the 
following pamphlet proves that the only one who can lawfully declare or establish your civil status, including your 
“nonresident” status, is you. If anyone tries to coerce you to declare a civil status for yourself that you don’t want to accept 
and don’t consent to, you should provide an affidavit indicating that you were under duress and that they threatened to 
financially penalize you or not contract with you if you don’t LIE on government forms and declare a status you don’t want. 
The following pamphlet is also useful in proving that they have no authority to coerce you to declare any civil status you 
don’t want: 





Your Exclusive Right to Declare or Establish Your Civil Status, Form #13.008 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

















We should always keep in mind that whenever a financial institution or employer asks for a tax form, they are doing so under 
the color of law as a “withholding agent” (26 U.S.C. §7701(a)(16)) who is a public officer of the government. Because they 
are a public officer of the government in their capacity as a withholding agent, they still have a legal duty not to violate your 
rights, even if they otherwise are a private company. The Constitution applies to all officers and agents of the government, 
including “withholding agents” while acting in that capacity. Financial institutions especially are aware of this fact, which is 
why if you ask them to give you their criteria for what ID they will accept in writing, they will say that it is a confidential 
internal document that they can't share with the public. They know they are discriminating unlawfully as a public officer by 
rejecting your ID and they want to limit the legal liability that results from this by preventing you from having evidence to 
prove that they are officially discriminating. They keep such policies on their computer, protected by a password, and they 
will tell you that the computer doesn't let them print it out or that there isn't a field in their system for them to accept the type 
of ID that you have. THIS is a SCAM! 


11.6 Widespread ignorance of the law by populace manufactured in the public/government 
school system 


The law of the Lord is perfect converting the soul; 


The testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple; 
The statutes of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart. 

The commandment of the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes. 
The fear of the Lord is clean, enduing forever; 

The judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether. 


10 More to be desired are they than gold. 
Yea, than much fine gold; 


Sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb. 


Moreover by them Your servant is warned 


And in keeping them there is great reward. 
Who can understand his errors? 


Cleanse me from secret faults. 

Keep back Your servant from presumptuous sins; 

Let them not have dominion over me. 

Then I shall be blameless, 

And I shall be innocent of great transgression. 

14 Let the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart 
Be acceptable in Your sight, 

O Lord, my strength and my Redeemer. 

[Psalm 19:7-14, Bible, NKJV] 





In America, your liberty derives from and is protected by education about a wide variety of subjects: 


"Only the educated are free." 


De Facto Government Scam 157 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 





Ccamrtan 


20 
21 


22 


23 


24 
25 
26 


27 
28 


29 
30 


31 


32 
33 
34 
35 


36 
37 
38 


39 
40 


41 
42 


43 
44 
45 


[Epicetus, Discourses] 


"...the greatest menace to freedom is an inert [passive, ignorant, and uneducated] people [who refuse, as jurists 


and voters and active citizens, to expose and punish evil in the government]" 
[Whitney v. California, 274 U.S. 357 (1927)] 


"The American people have always regarded education and acquisition of knowledge as matters of supreme 
importance which should be diligently promoted [in order to maintain and protect their liberty]. The Ordinance 
of 1787 declares: ‘Religion, morality and knowledge being necessary to good government and the happiness 


[and liberty] of mankind, schools and the means of education shall forever be encouraged.'" 
[Meyer v. State of Nebraska, 262 U.S. 390 (1923)] 


"We have no government armed with the power capable of contending with human passions unbridled by morality 
and religion. Avarice [greed], ambition, revenge, or gallantry [debauchery], would break the strongest cords of 
our Constitution as a whale goes through a net. Our Constitution was made only for a moral and religious [and 


a well educated and self-governing] people. It is wholly inadequate to the government of any other." 
[John Adams, 2nd President] 


Knowledge, in fact, is what distinguishes the GOVERNED from those who GOVERN: 


"Knowledge will forever govern ignorance, and people who mean to be their own governors, must arm themselves 
with the power which knowledge gives." 
[James Madison] 


The result of not being educated is that you will be injured and exploited and oppressed. 
"My [God's] people are destroyed [and enslaved] for lack of knowledge [and the lack of education that produces 


it].” 
[Hosea 4:6, Bible, NKJV] 





The most important subject to learn is law. The Bible makes it the DUTY of Christians to “know the law”: 


"And thou shalt teach them ordinances and laws [of both God and man], and shalt shew them the way wherein 
they must walk, and the work [of obedience to God] that they must do." 
[Exodus 18:20, Bible, NKJV] 





"But this crowd that does not know [and quote and follow and use] the law is accursed.” 
[John 7:49, Bible, NKJV] 


"Salvation is far from the wicked, For they do not seek Your statutes.” 
[Psalm 119:155, Bible, NKJV] 


The courts universally say the SAME thing: 


"All persons in the United States are chargeable with knowledge of the Statutes-at-Large....[1]t is well established 
that anyone who deals with the government assumes the risk that the agent acting in the government's behalf has 
exceeded the bounds of his authority," 

[Bollow v. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, 650 F.2d. 1093 (9th Cir. 1981)] 


"Of course, ignorance of the law does not excuse misconduct in any one, least of all in a sworn officer of the 


law” 
[In re McCowan , 177 Cal. 93, 170 P. 1100 (1917)] 





In fact, if we as Christians DO NOT learn the law, not only our entire life, but our prayers to God, in fact, become a hateful 
ABOMINATION: 


“One who turns his ear from hearing the law [God's law or man's law], even his prayer is an abomination.” 
[Prov. 28:9, Bible, NKJV] 





Some deluded Christians argue that the “law” spoken of by scripture above means God’s law and excludes man’s law. We 
argue otherwise. Why? Because the foundation of all law, and the place that law derives ALL of its authority from is the 
“consent of the governed”, as the Declaration of Independence indicates. 





De Facto Government Scam 158 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


RwNe 


29 
30 
31 


32 


33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 


40 
4l 


42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 


Consensus facit legem. 

Consent makes the law. A contract is a law between the parties, which can acquire force only by consent. 
[Bouvier’s Maxims of Law, 1856; 

SOURCE: http://famguardian.org/Publications/BouvierMaximsOfLaw/BouviersMaxims.htm] 





“That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent 
of the governed.” 


[Declaration of Independence] 
All of God’s laws were summarized by Jesus in only two great commandments: 1. Love your God; 2. Love Your Neighbor. 


“Tf ye fulfill the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself, ye do well.” 
[James 2:8, Bible, NKJV ] 


“Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them: this is the law.” 
[Matthew 7:12, Bible, NKJV] 


“Master, which is the greatest commandment in the law? Jesus said to him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God 
with all thy heart, and with all thy soul and with all thy mind [See. Exodus 20:3-11]. This is the first and great 
commandment. (39) And the second is like unto it, Though shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. (40) On these 


two commandments hang all law...” 
[Matthew 22:36-40, Bible, NKJV] 


The Bible commands Christians to love their neighbor. By “love” is technically meant to “NOT HURT” your neighbor. 


“Love does no harm to a neighbor; therefore love is the fulfillment of the law. “ 
[Romans 13:9-10, Bible, NKJV] 


“Do not strive with a man without cause, if he has done you no harm.” 
[Prov. 3:30, Bible, NKJV] 


3 


“Those who forsake the law praise the wicked, but such as keep the law contend with them.’ 
[Prov. 28:4, Bible, NKJV] 





Law is therefore the collective expression and societal definition of what constitutes “harm” and the punishment for said 
harm against those who commit it. Governments are created mainly to PREVENT harm to PRIVATE rights using the 
authority of law, and therefore to protect us. Law is therefore the “schoolmaster”, as the Apostle Paul put it, of how we 
LEARN to love our neighbor. To wit: 


“Therefore the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith. 25 But after faith has 
come, we are no longer under a tutor.” 
[Gal. 3:24-25, Bible, NKJV] 





Schoolmaster — the law so designated by Paul (Gal. 3:24, 25). As so used, the word does not mean teacher, but 
pedagogue (shortened into the modern page), i.e., one who was intrusted with the supervision of a family, taking 
them to and from the school, being responsible for their safety and manners. Hence the pedagogue was stern and 
severe in his discipline. Thus the law was a pedagogue to the Jews, with a view to Christ, i.e., to prepare for faith 
in Christ by producing convictions of guilt and helplessness. The office of the pedagogue ceased when “faith 
came”, i.e., the object of that faith, the seed, which is Christ. 

[Easton, M.G.: Easton's Bible Dictionary. Oak Harbor, WA : Logos Research Systems, Inc., 1996, c1897] 


Those who advocate that we should not learn or that we should remain willfully ignorant of either man’s law or God’s law 
therefore: 


1. Don’t care about learning how to love their neighbor and therefore are violating the second of the two great 
commandments to love their neighbor as themself. 

2. Aren’t interested in what their neighbor classifies as “harm” that must be avoided. 

3. Couldn’t possibly avoid violating the commandment to love your neighbor because they refuse to learn HOW their 
neighbor wants to be loved. 

4. Are advocating “lawlessness”. 





De Facto Government Scam 159 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


CamrI ANA WN 


cs 


ie) 
a 


27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32: 
33 
34 
35 


36 
37 


38 
39 
40 


41 
42 


43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 


50 
51 
52 


The law is also the source of all of the authority of those who work in government. 


"No man in this country is so high that he is above the law. No officer of the law may set that law at defiance 
with impunity. All the officers of the government, from the highest to the lowest, are creatures of the law and are 


bound to obey it. It is the only supreme power in our system of government, and every man who by accepting 
office participates in its functions is only the more strongly bound to submit to that supremacy, and to observe 
the limitations which it imposes upon the exercise of the authority which it gives," 106 U.S., at 220. "Shall it be 
said... that the courts cannot give remedy when the Citizen has been deprived of his property by force, his estate 
seized and converted to the use of the government without any lawful authority, without any process of law, and 
without any compensation, because the president has ordered it and his officers are in possession? If such be 


the law of this country, it sanctions a tyranny which has no existence in the monarchies of Europe, nor in any 


other government which has a just claim to well-regulated liberty and the protection of personal rights," 106 
U.S., at 220, 221. 


[United States vs. Lee, 106 U.S. 196, 1 S.Ct. 240 (1882)] 


No one can therefore claim to be a good or responsible citizen capable of supervising their public servants as a jurist or a 
voter who does not in fact know the limits imposed by law upon the authority of said public servants. The result of public 
servants who go unsupervised is that they take over the house and oppress their master, which is We the People. The Bible 
describes how disobedient servants should be governed by their masters, but you can’t enforce it unless you know the limits 
on their authority. The result is that you are violating the law. 


“But if that servant says in his heart ‘My master is delaying his coming,’ and begins to beat the male and female 
servants, and to eat and drink and be drunk, the master of that servant will come on a day when he is not looking 


for him, and at an hour when he is not aware, and will cut him in two and appoint him his portion with the 
unbelievers. And that servant who knew his master’s will, and did not prepare himself or do according to his 


will, shall be beaten with many stripes.” 
[Luke 12:45-47, Bible, NKJV] 


Your public servants know all of these things, and they have taken great pains to ensure that their master is put to sleep so 
they could take over the house: 


The kingdom of heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field; but while men slept, his enemy [corrupt 
government] came and sowed tares [weeds] among the wheat and went his way. But when the grain had sprouted 
and produced a crop, then the tares also appeared. So the servants of the owner came and said to him, “Sir, did 
you not sow good seed in your field? How then does it have tares?”” He said to them, “An enemy has done this.” 
The servants said to him, “Do you want us then to go and gather them up?” But he said, “No, lest while you 
gather up the tares you also uproot the wheat with them. Let both grow together until the harvest, and at the time 
of harvest I will say to the reapers, ‘First gather together the tares and bind them in bundles to burn them, but 
gather the wheat into my barn.’” 

[Matt 13:24-30] 


You covetous public servants bind you, the Sovereign, by taking away the source of your strength, which is knowledge about 
the law: 


“No one can enter a strong man’s house and plunder his goods, unless he first binds the strong man. And then 
he will plunder his house.” 
[Mark 3:27, Bible, NKJV] 


Very few schools teach Constitutional law, basics of law for the average American. The reason is that judges want to have 
great latitude to substitute their will for what the law actually says using the following criminal activities: 


1. Presumptions not supported by evidence, such as that the litigant before them is a franchisee subject to statutory law 
that only is enforceable against the government. 

Omission in protecting private rights or refusal to recognize such rights. 

Protecting the judge’s government coworkers engaging in criminal violation of private rights. 

Abuse of “words of art” to encourage false presumption. See: 

Legislating from the bench by adding things to statutory definitions that cannot be and are not included. This is called 
“Judicial verbicide”. 


Se et 


We'll talk about the above deceptive judicial and government tactics later in this memorandum. If there is even one person 
sitting on a jury who knows the law, they can usually spoil the plan of a judge who wants to enforce not what the law says, 
but what his whim and private interest dictates. 





De Facto Government Scam 160 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


w 


ond dAuns 


23 
24 


25 


27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 


35 
36 
37 
38 


39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 


To make things worse, many Christians have been trained by their pastors not only NOT to learn the law, but to shun those 
who insist on learning and obeying it as being “legalistic”. The entire Bible, in fact, is a law book. That, in fact, is what God 
Himself calls it: 


“And now, Israel [believers/Christians], what does the Lord your God require of you, but to fear the Lord your 
God, to walk in all His ways [by obeying His Holy Laws] and to love Him, to serve [ONLY] the Lord your God 
with all your heart and with all your soul, and to keep the commandments of the Lord and His statutes which I 
command you today for your good?” 

[Deut. 10:12-13, Bible, NKJV] 


"Ye shall do My judgments, and keep Mine ordinances, to walk therein: I [am] the LORD your God." 
[Leviticus 18:4, Bible, NKJV] 





"And the statutes, and the ordinances, and the law, and the commandment, which he wrote for you, ye shall 


observe to do for evermore; and ye shall not fear other gods." 
[2 Kings 17:37, Bible, NKJV] 


"And I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you; and I will take the stony heart out of their 
flesh, and will give them an heart of flesh: That they may walk in My statutes, and keep Mine ordinances, and 


do them: and they shall be My people, and I will be their God." 
[Ezekiah 11:19-20, Bible] 


The reason God permits or allows us to go through trials, in fact, is to FORCE US to learn His law! 


"The proud have forged a lie against me, but I will keep Your precepts with my whole heart. Their heart is as fat 
as grease, but I delight in Your law. It is good for me that I have been afflicted, that I may learn Your statutes. 


The law of Your mouth is better to me than thousands of coins of gold and silver." 
[Psalm 119:69-72, Bible, NKJV] 





In conclusion: De facto governments can only flourish where there is widespread ignorance of the law by those sitting on 
juries and acting as voters. 


11.7 Legal Profession Fascism 


Another important characteristic of a de facto government is that: 


The legal profession acts as an extension of and officer of the government instead of independently. 

All lawyers are licensed to practice law and hence gagged from telling the truth about government corruption in the 

court record for fear of having their license pulled. 

3. They will not act as adversaries of the government within an “adversarial court system”, but instead will act as allies 
and recruiters for government franchises that are being illegally enforced. 

4. The main function of lawyers are as priests of the civil religion of socialism who impute, perpetuate, and protect an 

unequal relationship between the sovereign People, and a government that is supposed to serve them but instead rules 

and abuses them. 


Ne 


To give you an example of how lawyers act as an extension of an organized crime ring and as the organizers of such 
government crime, consider what happens when one tries to submit the correct withholding paperwork with a private 
employer as a nonresident alien nontaxpayer not engaged in a “trade or business” and not required by law to have or use a 
Taxpayer Identification Number: 


1. You submit the following withholding forms: 

1.1. About IRS Form W-8BEN, Form #04.202 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

1.2. W-8 Attachment: Citizenship, Form #04.219 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

1.3. Affidavit of Citizenship, Domicile, and Tax Status, Form #02.001 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

1.4. Tax Form Attachment, Form #04.201 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 




















De Facto Government Scam 161 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 


35 
36 
37 
38 


39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 


45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 
53 
54 


2. The payroll department at your usually corporate company hands the forms to the legal department and won’t give you 
the name or phone number of anyone in the department to speak with. 

3. The legal department uses anonymity and the fact that you can’t contact them as a means to hide from the duty to: 
3.1. Disclose what, if anything, in the paperwork you submitted is incorrect or inconsistent with prevailing law. 
3.2. Respond to your phone calls, because they won’t give you their number. 

3.3. Respond to your mail. Even if you send them a certified mail, they will not respond by telling you what is 
incorrect, because they KNOW you are correct, but if they admitted it, they would have to admit that they have 
been handling withholding and reporting ILLEGALLY for everyone else in the company. 

4. If you tell them they have ten days to deny and a failure to deny under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8(b)(6) 
constitutes an admission, they may tell the payroll clerk and the boss to have you either not hired or fired because 
having you around would ultimately mean they could be prosecuted for violating and mal-administering the Internal 
Revenue Code within the company. 


Hence, lawyers, like the government, use omission and presumption and the ignorance of the average American about law as 
a method to: 


1. Force people to submit and sign under penalty of perjury withholding paperwork UNDER UNLAWFUL DURESS that 
is clearly false, perjurious, and criminal and hence, to engage in a willful criminal conspiracy to defraud workers 
within the company and the government. This causes the legal counsel at the company to be engaged in criminal 
witness tampering in violation of 18 U.S.C. §1512, because perjury statements on tax forms constitute “testimony of a 
witness”. 

2. Protect their illegal activities by forcing you to either SHUT UP about the crime they are committing or be fired/not 
hired after becoming a whistleblower. 

3. Force people ultimately to become indentured servants and public officers against their will and in violation of the 
Thirteenth Amendment prohibition against involuntary servitude. 

4. Not only NOT protect the rights of EVERYONE in the company, but to be the WORST abusers of private rights. 


In short, they only care about limiting risk to themselves and the company they work for. TO HELL WITH THE WORKERS 
AND OBEYING THE LAW! They become priests of a Satanic civil religion and cult that worships black robed judges with 
a financial conflict of interest and a corrupt government. They hold “human sacrifices” to their pagan deity and YOU are the 
sacrifice. The blood they spill is yours when they won’t hire you or have you fired because you won’t worship SATAN as 
they do. If they REALLY cared about balancing their perspective, they would at least tell you, using the written law, why 
you are wrong and strictly observe the rules of statutory construction and interpretation when doing so. Instead, all they offer 
you are unconstitutional presumptions that add things to definitions that are CLEARLY excluded, and which unlawfully and 
unconstitutionally enlarge government power. This is their way of turning the legal profession into a priesthood, and 
substituting UNCONSTITUTIONAL PRESUMPTOIN in the place of religious faith, thus creating as state-sponsored 
religion. 


"It is apparent that a constitutional prohibition cannot be transgressed indirectly by the creation of a statutory 
presumption any more than it can be violated by direct enactment. The power to create presumptions is not a 
means of escape from constitutional restrictions." 

[Bailey v. Alabama, 219 U.S. 219 (1911)] 


"It is axiomatic that the statutory definition of the term excludes unstated meanings of that term. Colautti v. 
Franklin, 439 U.S. 379, 392, and n. 10 (1979). Congress’ use of the term "propaganda" in this statute, as indeed 
in other legislation, has no pejorative connotation.{19} As judges, it is our duty to [481 U.S. 485] construe 
legislation as it is written, not as it might be read by a layman, or as it might be understood by someone who 
has not even read it." 

[Meese v. Keene, 481 U.S. 465, 484 (1987)] 





"When a statute includes an explicit definition, we must follow that definition, even if it varies from that term's 
ordinary meaning. Meese v. Keene, 481 U.S. 465, 484-485 (1987) ("It is axiomatic that the statutory definition 
of the term excludes unstated meanings of that term"); Colautti v. Franklin, 439 U.S. at 392-393, n. 10 ("As a 
rule, ‘a definition which declares what a term "means". . . excludes any meaning that is not stated'"); Western 
Union Telegraph Co. v. Lenroot, 323 U.S. 490, 502 (1945); Fox v. Standard Oil Co. of N.J., 294 U.S. 87, 95-96 
(1935) (Cardozo, J.); see also 2A N. Singer, Sutherland on Statutes and Statutory Construction § 47.07, p. 152, 
and n. 10 (Sth ed. 1992) (collecting cases). That is to say, the statute, read "as a whole," post at 998 [530 U.S. 
943] (THOMAS, J., dissenting), leads the reader to a definition. That definition does not include the Attorney 
General's restriction -- "the child up to the head." Its words, "substantial portion," indicate the contrary." 
[Stenberg v. Carhart, 530 U.S. 914 (2000)] 





De Facto Government Scam 162 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


In exchange for their satanic allegiance, these “deacons” of the state sponsored civil religion and church, the corrupt legal 
profession is paid more highly than any other profession. Many lawyers charge $400/hour or more for their services and in 
the end, they NEVER serve the client, but the government and their own pocket book. They sold your liberty for 20 pieces 


Rw Ye 


of silver to the highest bidder. 


1. To what or whom is an attorney's first duty? We consult the latest 7 Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), Attorney and 


Client, §4 (2003) for the answer below: 


§ 4 ATTORNEY & CLIENT 


rca the courts and the public, 
not to t.55 and wherever the duties to 
his client conflict with those he owes as an of- 


ficer o} court in the administration of jus- 
tice, the former must yield to the latter.5¢ 


The office of attorney is indispensable to the 
administration of justice and is intimate and 


70.5.8. 


peculiar in its relation to, and vital to the well- 
being of, the court.5? An attorney has a duty 
to aid the court in seeing that actions and pro- 
ceedings in which he is engaged as counsel are 
conducted in a dignified and orderly manner, 
free from passion and personal animosities, and 
that all causes brought to an issue are tried and 
decided on their merits only;5# to aid the court 


2. What is the legal relationship between an attorney and his/her client? 


10 


§§ 2-3 ATTORNEY & CLIENT 


and the term is synonymous with “attorney.” !* 
Therefore, anyone advertising himself as a lawyer 
holds himself out to be an attorney, an attorney 
at law, or counselor at law.!5 


If one appears before any court in the inter- 
est of another and moves the court to action 
with respect to any matter before it of a legal 
nature, such person appears as an “advocate”, 
as that term is generally understood.'¢ The 
phrase “as an advocate in a representative ca- 
pacity,” as used in the statute regulating the 
practice of law, implies a representation distinct 
from officer or other regular administrative cor- 
porate employee representation.!? 







7 C.J.S. 


general use; but in some states the office of 
solicitor in chancery is a distinct and separate 
office from that of attorney at law.?° 


A client is one who applies to a lawyer or 
counselor for advice and direction in a question 
of jaw, or commits his cause to his management 
in prosecuting a claim or defending against a 
suit in a court of justice;?! one who retains the 
attorney, is responsible to him for his fees, and to 
whom the attorney is responsible for the manage- 
ment of the suit;** one who communicates facts 
to an attorney expecting professional advice.*3 
Clients are also called “wards of the court” in +A 
regard to their relationship with their attor- 





oF 
In England and her colonies a “barrister” is a | "¢¥S-** cut 
person entitled to practice as an advocate or 
counsel in the superior courts.!# A “solicitor” | § 3. Nature of Right to Practice 
is a person whose business it is to be employed While It has been brosdly stated that the right to practice 
in the care and management of suits depending in | '~ !s sot @ natural or constitutional right, but is In the 
courts of chancery.1? In the great majority of | Pte Of 9 privilens of Cente ee wibe is qualified by his 
the states of the Union, where law and equity | tearning and moral character. 
are both administered by the same court, it has 
naturally come about that the two offices of at- Uibrary Raterennes 
torney at law and solicitor in chancery have Attorney and Client €=al4. 
practically been consolidated, although in the The right to practice law is not a natural or 
federal equity practice the term “solicitor” is in | constitutional right.25 Nor is the right to practice 
3. What is a ward of the court? 
De Facto Government Scam 163 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 


EXHIBIT: 


Co ND 


21 
22 
23 


24 
25 
26 


27 
28 
29 


——te- Wards of court. Infants and persons of unsound mind 
placed by the court under the care of a guardian. Davis’ 
Committee v. Loney, 290 Ky. 644, 162 S.W.2d 189, 190. 
Their rights must be guarded jealously. Montgomery v. 
Erie R. Co., C.C.A.N.J., 97 F.2d 289, 292, See Guardian- 
ship. 


(Are you an infant or person of unsound mind?) 


4. Do you need to challenge jurisdiction? Better read the following, particularly "...because if pleaded by an attorney..... 


— > In propria persona /in prowpriysa persowno/ one’s 
own proper person. It was formerly a rule in pleading 
that pleas to the jurisdiction of the court must be plead 
in propria persona, because if pleaded by attorney they 
admit the jurisdiction, as an attorney is an officer of the 
court, and he is presumed to plead after having obtained 
leave, which admits the jurisdiction. See Pro se. 


Conclusions of law: 


1. When you hire an attorney, you become a ward of the court and a second class citizen and you admit the jurisdiction of 
the court in the matter at hand. 

2. You can't hire an attorney if you want to challenge jurisdiction. 

3. If you want to challenge jurisdiction, the only way you can do it is as a "sui juris" and/or "in propria persona". 


Should you hire an attorney? What do you think? 


ABSOLUTELY NOT! 


12 Illegal abuse of Franchises by the Government: The Engine of Abuse and 
Conversion to a De Facto Government” 


The following subsections will describe the various ways that government franchises are employed unlawfully, 
unconstitutionally, and illegally in order to destroy your rights, undermine the separation of powers, and destroy equal 
protection that is the foundation of the United States Constitution. The underlying motives for these abuses are all 
commercial. Franchises produce a flow of commerce to the government grantor of the franchise and pad the pockets of your 
public servants. This desire by your public servants to pad their pockets and enlarge their control, revenues, and importance 
in relation to the populace is at odds with the duty of the government to provide equal protection and equal benefit to all. In 
short, the love of money is the root of the evil caused by the abuses described in the following subsections: 


For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and 
pierced themselves through with many sorrows. 
[1 Timothy 6:5-12, Bible, NKJV] 


Public servants who therefore either promote franchises to persons protected by the Constitution or who accept the payments 
or “benefits” associated with those who participate, in effect, are accepting bribes and favors in exchange for disregarding 
their constitutional duty to provide “equal protection”. Of this corruption, the Bible says: 


“And you shall take no bribe [including payments for franchise services that compete with and destroy equal 
protection], for a bribe blinds the discerning and perverts the words of the righteous.” 
[Exodus 23:8, Bible, NKJV] 





2 Adapted from Government Instituted Slavery Using Franchises, Form #05.030, Section 23; http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm. 





De Facto Government Scam 164 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


25 


26 
27 


28 
29 
30 


31 
YA 


33 
34 
35 
36 


37 
38 
39 
40 
41 


“You shall not pervert justice; you shall not show partiality, nor take a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the 
wise and twists the words of the righteous.” 
[Deuteronomy 16:19, Bible, NKJV] 


‘Cursed is the one who takes a bribe to slay an innocent person.’ “And all the people shall say, ‘Amen!’ 
[Deuteronomy 27:25, Bible, NKJV] 


“A wicked man accepts a bribe behind the back To pervert the ways of justice.” 
[Proverbs 17:23, Bible, NKJV] 


“The king establishes the land by justice, But he who receives bribes overthrows it.” 
[Proverbs 29:4, Bible, NKJV] 


“Your princes are rebellious, And companions of thieves; Everyone loves bribes, And follows after rewards. They 
do not defend the fatherless, Nor does the cause of the widow come before them.” 
[Isaiah 1:23, Bible, NKJVJ] 





The above scriptures are the reason why: 


1. Itis an unconstitutional violation of the separation of powers doctrine and a conspiracy against rights for a public servant 
to offer federal franchises to those domiciled in states of the Union and protected by the Bill of Rights. Federal franchises 
may only lawfully be offered to persons domiciled on federal territory and not within any state of the Union. 

2. Nojudge can judge righteously who is participating in any federal franchise, because franchises compete with and destroy 
the very equality of rights that is the MAIN DUTY of the courts to protect. 

3. Federal judges must recuse themselves who are ruling on a tax trial and who are franchisees called “taxpayers” in receipt 
of benefits and privileges of the franchise. To do otherwise is a violation of 28 U.S.C. §144, 28 U.S.C. §455, and 18 
U.S.C. §208. 

4. No judge can serve as an Article IV judge officiating over franchises and at the same time act as an Article III judge 
officiating over the protection of rights. All such judges who wear these “two hats” at the same time have a conflict of 
interest. See: 

What Happened to Justice ?, Form #06.012 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 




















12.1 Legal mechanism by which commerce is abused to create inequality and servitude? 


The legal foundation of the abuse of commerce to create inequality and/or servitude is the lending of either money or property 
or rights or privileges (franchises) of some kind: 


“The rich rules over the poor, 
And the borrower is servant to the lender.” 
[Prov. 22:7, Bible, NKJV] 


The above mechanism also becomes “deceit in commerce” and even criminal activity as described in the previous section 
when: 


1. The terms of the grant or rental are not directly and fully disclosed to the borrower at the time the property is received, 
as in the case of grants of most types of government property. In legal terminology, this type of deceit in commerce 
violates what is called the constitutional requirement for reasonable notice. That requirement is thoroughly 

documented in: 

Requirement for Reasonable Notice, Form #05.022 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

2. The grant is by a government that is geographically outside of its territorial jurisdiction. This results in the government 
acting as a PRIVATE business in which is surrenders sovereign immunity, and yet most governments often refuse to 
waive the immunity and thereby become “international economic terrorists” in violation of Article 4, Section 4 of the 
USA Constitution, in the case of states of the Union. 

3. The terms of the grant are CHANGED after it is made. This is called an “ex post facto” law and it is unconstitutional. 























33 Source: Requirement for Equal Protection and Equal Treatment, Form #05.033, Section 7.5; http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm. 











De Facto Government Scam 165 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Can a 


25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 


4. The thing offered or rented has no intrinsic value of its own and therefore does not satisfy the requirement for 
“consideration” in forming a valid legal contract. This includes ALL so-called “government benefits”. 


“... railroad benefits, like social security benefits, are not contractual and may be altered or even eliminated at 
any time.” 
[United States Railroad Retirement Board v. Fritz, 449 U.S. 166 (1980)] 


“We must conclude that a person covered by the Act has not such a right in benefit payments... This is not to 


say, however, that Congress may exercise its power to modify the statutory scheme free of all constitutional 
restraint.” 
[Flemming v. Nestor, 363 U.S. 603 (1960)] 


This subject is dealt with in detail in the following memorandum of law: 

The Government “Benefits” Scam, Form #05.040 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

5. The grant or rental of property causes the borrower to become a public officer in the government, because it is a 

CRIME to elect yourself into public office or to procure it through a bribe called “withholding”. See: 

Why Your Government is Either a Thief or You are a “Public Officer” for Income Tax Purposes, Form #05.008 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

6. The grant or rental accomplishes a purpose OPPOSITE or in direct conflict with the USA Constitution, such as when it 
alienates or forfeits rights that are SUPPOSED to be UNALIENABLE. This causes a government to become what is 
called a “de facto” government or even an “anti-government”, which accomplishes a purpose OPPOSITE to the 

urpose of their creation, which is protecting PRIVATE rights. This subject is covered in: 

Government Instituted Slavery Using Franchises, Form #05.030, Section 27.2: Unconstitutional Conditions 

Doctrine 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 


















































It is through the above mechanisms that many of the worst and most famous abuses found in the Holy Bible were instituted 
by corrupt GOVERNMENT rulers: 


1. Pharaoh enslaved all of Egypt and the Israelites by SELLING/GRANTING grain to a starving people. See Gen. 47. 
2. The rulers enslaved the Jews in the Book of Nehemiah. See Nehemiah 5:1-13. 


The Bible also speaks directly, through the prophet Jeremiah, about those “who devise evil by law” as a way to trap and 
enslave men using the above mechanisms of abuse. The “snares” they are referring to, at least in the area of government and 
the legal field, are franchises. The phrase “fearing the Lord” is defined in Proverbs 8:13 as hating, and by implication 
punishing and preventing, violation of God’s laws such as those described here: 


“Let U.S. now fear the LORD our God, 

Who gives rain, both the former and the latter, in its season. 

He reserves for U.S. the appointed weeks of the harvest.” 

Your iniquities have turned these things away, [filling out government forms for “benefits ”’] 

And your sins have withheld good from you. 

‘For among My people are found wicked men [the District of Criminals, who are foreigners posing as 
protectors]; 

They lie in wait as one who sets snares; 

They set a trap; 

They catch men. 

As a cage is full of birds, 

So their houses are full of deceit. [in their usurious “codes” that are not law, but contracts or agreements or 
“compacts ”’] 

Therefore they have become great and grown rich. [by stealing and spending TRILLIONS of dollars from those 
who were unjustly compelled to participate in government franchises] 

They have grown fat, they are sleek; 

Yes, they surpass the deeds of the wicked; 

They do not plead the cause, [who pleads such a cause?: LAWYERS! ] 

The cause of the fatherless; [or the “nontaxpayer”’] 

Yet they prosper, 

And the right of the needy [or the “nontaxpayer”’] they do not defend. 


Shall I not punish them for these things?’ says the LORD. 


‘Shall I not avenge Myself on such a nation as this?’ 


“An astonishing and horrible thing 





De Facto Government Scam 166 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Has been committed in the land: 
The prophets [pastors in 501c3 “privileged” churches] prophesy falsely, 
And the priests [judges, who preside over a civil religion of socialism that worships the “state”] rule by their 





own power; 
And My people love to have it so. 


But what will you do in the end?” 
[Jeremiah 5:24-31, Bible, NKJV] 


YAU WHE 


What “trap” are they referring to above that is being used to “catch men”? It is a situation where people are desperately in 
9 need of a thing and who will perish without it. Usually that thing is inexpensive to produce, and is offered for an exorbitant 
10 cost that causes the oppressed buyer to give up nearly everything they own, their land, and even sell their kids into slavery as 
ul the Egyptians did during the famine to Pharaoh. 


12 Joseph Deals with the Famine 

13 Now there was no bread in all the land; for the famine was very severe, so that the land of Egypt and the land of 
14 Canaan languished because of the famine. And Joseph gathered up all the money that was found in the land of 
15 Egypt and in the land of Canaan, for the grain which they bought; and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s 
16 house. 

17 So when the money failed in the land of Egypt and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came to Joseph and 
18 said, “Give us bread, for why should we die in your presence? For the money has failed.” 

19 Then Joseph said, “Give your livestock, and I will give you bread for your livestock, if the money is gone.” '’ So 
20 they brought their livestock to Joseph, and Joseph gave them bread in exchange for the horses, the flocks, the 
21 cattle of the herds, and for the donkeys. Thus he fed them with bread in exchange for all their livestock that year. 
22 When that year had ended, they came to him the next year and said to him, “We will not hide from my lord that 
23 our money is gone; my lord also has our herds of livestock. There is nothing left in the sight of my lord but our 
24 bodies and our lands. Why should we die before your eyes, both we and our land? Buy us and our land for bread, 
25 and we and our land will be servants of Pharaoh; give us seed, that we may live and not die, that the land may 
26 not be desolate.” 

27 Then Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh; for every man of the Egyptians sold his field, because 
28 the famine was severe upon them. So the land became Pharaoh’s. And as for the people, he moved them into 
29 the cities, from one end of the borders of Egypt to the other end. Only the land of the priests he did not buy; for 
30 the priests had rations allotted to them by Pharaoh, and they ate their rations which Pharaoh gave them; therefore 
31 they did not sell their lands. 

32 Then Joseph said to the people, “Indeed I have bought you and your land this day for Pharaoh. Look, here is seed 
33 for you, and you shall sow the land. And it shall come to pass in the harvest that you shall give one-fifth to 
34 Pharaoh [TRIBUTE/TAX]. Four-fifths shall be your own, as seed for the field and for your food, for those of 
35 your households and as food for your little ones.” 

36 So they said, “You have saved our lives; let us find favor in the sight of my lord [idolatry], and we will be 
37 Pharaoh’s servants.” And Joseph made it a law over the land of Egypt to this day, that Pharaoh should have 
38 one-fifth, except for the land of the priests only, which did not become Pharaoh’s. 

39 [Gen. 47:13-26, Bible, NKJV] 


40 It is interesting to note that our most revered founding fathers understood these concepts and warned against engaging in 





4 contracts or alliances, and by implication “franchises”, with any government, when they said: 
42 "My ardent desire is, and my aim has been...to comply strictly with all our engagements foreign and domestic; 
43 but to keep the United States free from political connections with every other Country. To see that they may be 
44 independent of all, and under the influence of none. In a word, I want an American character, that the powers 
45 of Europe may be convinced we act for ourselves and not for others [as “public officers”’]; this, in my judgment, 
46 is the only way to be respected abroad and happy at home." 
47 [George Washington, (letter to Patrick Henry, 9 October 1775); 
48 Reference: The Writings of George Washington, Fitzpatrick, ed., vol. 34 (335)] 
49 “About to enter, fellow citizens, on the exercise of duties which comprehend everything dear and valuable to you, 
50 it is proper that you should understand what I deem the essential principles of our government, and consequently 
51 those which ought to shape its administration. I will compress them within the narrowest compass they will bear, 
52 stating the general principle, but not all its limitations. Equal and exact justice to all men, of whatever state or 
53 persuasion, religious or political; peace, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations — entangling 
54 alliances [contracts, treaties, franchises] with none; ” 
55 [Thomas Jefferson, First Inaugural Address, March 4, 1801] 

De Facto Government Scam 167 of 390 


Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


wn 


Co ND 


24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 
32 


33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 


39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 


46 
47 
48 
49 
50 


51 
52: 
53 


The Bible also disdains contracts, covenants, and franchises with those who are not believers and especially with foreign 
governments: 


“Take heed to yourself, lest you make a covenant or mutual agreement [contract, franchise agreement] with the 
inhabitants of the land to which you go, lest it become a snare in the midst of you.” 
[Exodus 34:12, Bible, Amplified version] 


Tax agencies are the modern day Canaanites afflicting believers. God HATES Canaanite merchants who use franchises to 
subjugate and enslave people, or make them inferior or unequal under the law. In the Bible, “Canaanites” is a synonym for 
“money changers”. The Canaanites are described as “merchants” and the Lord repeatedly ordered the Israelites to KILL all 
the Canaanites. 


1. Indirectly, the order to kill the Canaanites was an order to eliminate those who put mammon ahead of God. See Matt. 
6:24. 

2. Zechariah 14:21 (NIV) defines “Canaanites” as merchants. The NIV version of this scripture has a footnote that 
defines “Canaanite” as “merchant”. See: 
http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=zechariah%2014&version=NIV 

3. Numbers 31, the Lord told the Israelites to kill the Midianites in the land of Canaan. 

4. Judges 1, the Lord ordered Joshua, the faithful one who brought the Israelites into the promised land, to again kill the 
Canaanites, meaning merchants. 





It is Canaanites, called the “money changers”, or their merchant equivalent who caused Jesus to flip the tables over in the 
temple when they had turned it into a market place. See Mark 11:15, John 2:15. 


Money changing of the kind done in modern socialist governments, whereby taxation is illegally used for wealth 
redistribution, was Satan’s greatest transgression as well. See Ezekiel 28:13-19. The love of money and money changing is 
the main vehicle, in fact, by which inequality or inferiority is either maintained or created. Satan himself, personified in the 
serpent who beguiled Eve, was ejected from the Garden of Eden because of the iniquity of his trading (abusive commerce). 


“You were the seal of perfection, 

Full of wisdom and perfect in beauty. 

'3 You were in Eden, the garden of God; 

Every precious stone was your covering: 

The sardius, topaz, and diamond, 

Beryl, onyx, and jasper, 

Sapphire, turquoise, and emerald with gold. 

The workmanship of your timbrels and pipes 

Was prepared for you on the day you were created. 


4 “You were the anointed cherub who covers; 

I established you; 

You were on the holy mountain of God; 

You walked back and forth in the midst of fiery stones. 

'’ You were perfect in your ways from the day you were created, 
Till iniquity was found in you. 


16 “By the abundance of your trading 
You became filled with violence within, 
And you sinned; 

Therefore I cast you as a profane thing 
Out of the mountain of God; 

And I destroyed you, O covering cherub, 
From the midst of the fiery stones. 


'”? “Your heart was lifted up because of your beauty; 

You corrupted your wisdom for the sake of your splendor; 
I cast you to the ground, 

I laid you before kings, 

That they might gaze at you. 


18 “You defiled your sanctuaries 
By the multitude of your iniquities, 
By the iniquity of your trading; 





De Facto Government Scam 168 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


CIDA wWN Ee 


37 


38 
39 
40 


4l 


42 


43 


44 
45 
46 
47 
48 


49 
50 


51 
52 
53 
54 


Therefore I brought fire from your midst; 
It devoured you, 


And I turned you to ashes upon the earth 
In the sight of all who saw you. 


!? All who knew you among the peoples are astonished at you; 
You have become a horror, 

And shall be no more forever.””’” 

[Ezekiel 28:13-19, Bible, NKJV] 


Note the phrase in the above “By the abundance of your trading you became filled with violence within.” In other words, 
ABUSIVE commerce was a vehicle of LEGAL OR PHYSICAL VIOLENCE upon others or the rights, dignity, or equality 
of others. 


Government franchises are the method of Canaanite exploitation of people that governments are supposed to be protecting. 
Below is a description of how the lending of government property is abused to enslave the borrower by transforming them 
into a trustee or public officer of the public. When one takes federal money, which is property, it always comes with regulatory 
strings attached. Well, they are not so much as "strings" but rather, they are massive - sized chain links, linking the federal 
benefit recipient to the U.S. Government in a way that always requires the surrender by the Citizen/benefit recipient, of some 
Right. Here is how a book on the common law describes the method by which distributing government property called 
“benefits” can be used to control the recipient: 


“How, then, are purely equitable obligations created? For the most part, either by the acts of third persons or by 


equity alone. But how can one person impose an obligation upon another? By giving property to the latter on 
the terms of his assuming an obligation in respect to it. At law there are only two means by which the object of 


the donor could be at all accomplished, consistently with the entire ownership of the property passing to the 
donee, namely: first, by imposing a real obligation upon the property; secondly, by subjecting the title of the 
donee to a condition subsequent. The first of these the law does not permit; the second is entirely inadequate. 
Equity, however, can secure most of the objects of the doner, and yet avoid the mischiefs of real obligations by 
imposing upon the donee (and upon all persons to whom the property shall afterwards come without value or 
with notice) a personal obligation with respect to the property; and accordingly this is what equity does. It is in 
this way that all trusts are created, and all equitable charges made (i.e., equitable hypothecations or liens created) 
by testators in their wills. In this way, also, most trusts are created by acts inter vivos, except in those cases in 


which the trustee incurs a legal as well as an equitable obligation. In short, as property is the subject of every 
equitable obligation, so the owner of property is the only person whose act or acts can be the means of creatin, 


an obligation in respect to that property. Moreover, the owner of property can create an obligation in respect 
to it in only two ways: first, by incurring the obligation himself, in which case he commonly also incurs a legal 





obligation; secondly, by imposing the obligation upon some third person; and this he does in the way just 


explained.” 
[Readings on the History and System of the Common Law, Second Edition, Roscoe Pound, 1925, p. 543] 


The U.S. Supreme Court describes the above process as follows: 


“When Sir Matthew Hale, and the sages of the law in his day, spoke of property as affected by a public interest, 
and ceasing from that cause to be juris privati solely, that is, ceasing to be held merely in private right, they 
referred to 


[1] property dedicated [DONATED] by the owner to public uses, or 


2] to property the use of which was granted by the government [e.g. Social Security Card], or 


[3] in connection with which special privileges were conferred [licenses]. 


Unless the property was thus dedicated [by one of the above three mechanisms], or some right bestowed by the 
government was held with the property, either by specific grant or by prescription of so long a time as to imply 
a grant originally, the property was not affected by any public interest so as to be taken out of the category of 


property held in private right.” 
[Munn vy. Illinois, 94 U.S. 113, 139-140 (1876)] 


The “title of the donee” that Roscoe Pound is referring to above, in the case of government franchises, for instance, is 
“taxpayer” and or “citizen”. The following maxims of law implement the above principle of equity: 


“Cujus est commodum ejus debet esse incommodum. 
He who receives the benefit should also bear the disadvantage.” 


“Que sentit commodum, sentire debet et onus. 


De Facto Government Scam 169 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 





37 
38 
39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 


45 
46 
47 
48 


49 
50 
51 
52 
53 
54 


He who derives a benefit from a thing, ought to feel the disadvantages attending it. 2 Bouv. Inst. n. 1433.” 
[Bouvier’s Maxims of Law, 1856; 
SOURCE: http://famguardian.org/Publications/BouvierMaximsOfLaw/BouviersMaxims.htm] 





The principle that borrowing someone else’s property makes the borrower the servant of the lender is also biblical in origin. 
Keep in mind that the thing borrowed need NOT be “money” and can be ANY KIND OF PROPERTY, from a legal 
perspective: 


“The rich rules over the poor, 
And the borrower is servant to the lender.” 
[Prov. 22:7, Bible, NKJV] 


What kind of government property can be given to you that might impose an obligation upon you as the “donee”? How about 
any of the following, all of which are treated as GOVERNMENT property and not PRIVATE property. Receipt or use of 
any of the following types of property creates a prima facie presumption that you are a public officer “donee” exercising 
agency on behalf of the government, which agency is the other half of the mutual “consideration” involved in the implied 
contract regulating the use of the property: 

1. Any kind of “status” you claim to which legal rights attach under a franchise. Remember: All “rights” are property”! 
This includes: 

1.1. “taxpayer” (I.R.C. “trade or business” franchise). 

1.2. “citizen” or “resident” (civil law protection franchise’). 

1.3. “driver” (vehicle code of your state). 

1.4. “spouse” (family code of your state, which is a voluntary franchise). 

2. A Social Security Card. 20 C.F.R. §422.103(d) says the card and the number belong to the U.S. government. 

3. A “Taxpayer Identification Number” (TIN) issued under the authority of 26 U.S.C. §6109. All “taxpayers” are public 
officers in the U.S. government. Per 26 C.F.R. §301.6109-1, use of the number provides prima facie evidence that the 
user is engaged in official government business called a “trade or business”, which is defined in 26 U.S.C. 
§7701(a)(26) as “the functions of a public office” (in the U.S. and not state government). 

4. Any kind of license. Most licenses say on the back or in the statutes regulating them that they are property of the 
government and must be returned upon request. This includes: 

4.1. Driver’s licenses. 
4.2. Contracting licenses. 

5. AUSA Passport. The passport indicates on page 6, note 2 that it is property of the U.S. government and must be 
returned upon request. So does 22 C.F.R. §51.7. 

6. Any kind of government ID, including state Resident ID cards. Nearly all such ID say they belong to the government. 

This includes Common Access Cards (CACs) used in the U.S. military. 

A vehicle license plate. Attaching it to the car makes a portion of the vehicle public property. 

8. Stock in a public corporation. All stock holders in corporations are regarded by the courts as GOVERNMENT 
CONTRACTORS! 











oT 


“The court held that the first company's charter was a contract between it and the state, within the protection of 
the constitution of the United States, and that the charter to the last company was therefore null and void., Mr. 
Justice DAVIS, delivering the opinion of the court, said that, if anything was settled by an unbroken chain of 
decisions in the federal courts, it was that an act of incorporation was a contract between the state and the 
stockholders, ‘a departure from which now would involve dangers to society that cannot be foreseen, would 
shock the sense of justice of the country, unhinge its business interests, and weaken, if not destroy, that respect 


which has always been felt for the judicial department of the government.' “ 
[New Orleans Gas Co. v. Louisiana Light Co., 115 U.S. 650 (1885)] 


Once they hand you government property essentially as a “bribe”, you consent to be treated as a de facto “public officer” in 
the government. A “public officer” is, after all, legally defined as someone who is in charge of the property of the public. 
Receipt and temporary custody of the valuable property of the public therefore constitutes your “employment consideration” 
to act as a public officer!: 


“Public office. The right, authority, and duty created and conferred by law, by which for a given period, either 
fixed by law or enduring at the pleasure of the creating power, an individual is invested with some portion of the 
sovereign functions of government for the benefit of the public. Walker v. Rich, 79 Cal.App. 139, 249 P. 56, 58. 
An agency for the state, the duties of which involve in their performance the exercise of some portion of the 
sovereign power, either great or small. Yaselli v. Goff, C.C.A., 12 F.2d. 396, 403, 56 A.L.R. 1239; Lacey v. State, 
13 Ala.App. 212, 68 So. 706, 710; Curtin v. State, 61 Cal.App. 377, 214 P. 1030, 1035; Shelmadine v. City of 





De Facto Government Scam 170 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


YAU WHE 


23 
24 
25 
26 


27 
28 
29 


30 
31 
32 
33 


34 
35 
36 


37 
38 
39 
40 


4l 
42 


43 
44 
45 


46 


47 
48 


49 
50 
51 
52 


Elkhart, 75 Ind.App. 493, 129 N.E. 878. State ex rel. Colorado River Commission v. Frohmiller, 46 Ariz. 413, 52 


P.2d. 483, 486. Where, by virtue of law, a person is clothed, not as an incidental or transient authority, but for 
such time as de- notes duration and continuance, with Independent power to control the property of the public 


or with public functions to be exercised in the supposed interest of the people, the service to be compensated by 
a stated yearly salary, and the occupant having a designation or title, the position so created is a public office. 
State v. Brennan, 49 Ohio.St. 33, 29 N.E. 593. 

[Black's Law Dictionary, Fourth Edition, p. 1235] 


Why do they use property as the means to effect or create the franchise? The reason is because they have jurisdiction over 
their property WHEREVER it is situated, including within states of the Union. 


“The Constitution permits Congress to dispose of and to make all needful rules and regulations respecting the 
territory or other property belonging to the United States. This power applies as well to territory belonging to 
the United States within the States, as beyond them. It comprehends all the public domain, wherever it may be. 
The argument is, that the power to make ‘ALL needful rules and regulations‘ ‘is a power of legislation,’ ‘a 


ull legislative power; ‘that it includes all subjects of legislation in the territory, ‘ and is without any limitations, 





except the positive prohibitions which affect all the powers of Congress. Congress may then regulate or prohibit 


slavery upon the public domain within the new States, and such a prohibition would permanently affect the 
capacity of a slave, whose master might carry him to it. And why not? Because no power has been conferred on 
Congress. This is a conclusion universally admitted. But the power to ‘make rules and regulations respecting 
the territory‘ is not restrained by State lines, nor are there any constitutional prohibitions upon its exercise in 
the domain of the United States within the States; and whatever rules and regulations respecting territory 


Congress may constitutionally make are supreme, and are not dependent on the situs of ‘the territory. ‘” 
[Dred Scott v. Sandford, 60 U.S. 393, 509-510 (1856)] 


If they didn’t use the lending of their property to reach you, they would otherwise, not have civil jurisdiction over those 
domiciled in a legislatively (but not constitutionally) foreign state such as a Constitutional state of the Union through their 
civil law, since all law is prima facie territorial and they don’t own and don’t have civil jurisdiction over Constitutional states 


of the Union: 


“Tt is a well established principle of law that all federal regulation applies only within the territorial jurisdiction 
of the United States unless a contrary intent appears.” 
[Foley Brothers, Inc. v. Filardo, 336 U.S. 281 (1949)] 


“The laws of Congress in respect to those matters [outside of Constitutionally delegated powers] do not extend 
into the territorial limits of the states, but have force only in the District of Columbia, and other places that are 
within the exclusive jurisdiction of the national government.) 

[Caha v. U.S., 152 U.S. 211 (1894)] 


“There is a canon of legislative construction which teaches Congress that, unless a contrary intent appears 
[legislation] is meant to apply only within the territorial jurisdiction of the United States.’’) 
[U.S. v. Spelar, 338 U.S. 217 at 222.] 


Ultimately, however, what your corrupted public servants are doing is both criminal and illegal. None of the franchises they 
administer expressly authorize the creation of any new public offices in the government, but rather add benefits to EXISTING 
public offices. If they abuse public funds and programs to bribe otherwise PRIVATE people to accept the duties of a public 
office, the U.S. Code says this is a serious crime: 


TITLE 18 > PART I > CHAPTER I] > § 210 
§ 210. Offer to procure appointive public office 








Whoever pays or offers or promises any money or thing of value, to any person, firm, or corporation in 
consideration of the use or promise to use any influence to procure any appointive office or place under the 
United States for any person, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than one year, or both. 





TITLE 18 > PART 1 > CHAPTER 11 > § 211 
§ 211. Acceptance or solicitation to obtain appointive public office 





Whoever solicits or receives, either as a political contribution, or for personal emolument, any money or thing of 
value, in consideration of the promise of support or use of influence in obtaining for any person any appointive 
office or place under the United States, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than one year, or 
both. 





De Facto Government Scam 171 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


Uk WN 


ao ND 


25 
26 
27 


28 
29 
30 
31 
32 


33 
34 


35 
36 
37 
38 


39 
40 
41 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 


Whoever solicits or receives any thing of value in consideration of aiding a person to obtain employment under 
the United States either by referring his name to an executive department or agency of the United States or by 
requiring the payment of a fee because such person has secured such employment shall be fined under this title, 
or imprisoned not more than one year, or both. This section shall not apply to such services rendered by an 
employment agency pursuant to the written request of an executive department or agency of the United States. 


If you collude with your criminal public servants in this FRAUD by accepting the bribe and carry on the charade of pretending 
to be a public officer, you too become a criminal who is impersonating a public officer. You also become hated in God’s 
eyes because you are simultaneously trying to serve two masters, meaning God and Caesar: 


TITLE 18 > PART I > CHAPTER 43 > § 912 
§ 912. Officer or employee of the United States 





Whoever falsely assumes or pretends to be an officer or employee acting under the authority of the United States 
or any department, agency or officer thereof, and acts as such, or in such pretended character demands or obtains 
any money, paper, document, or thing of value, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than three 
years, or both. 





“No one can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other, or else he will be loyal to the 


one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and mammon [unrighteous gain or any other false god].’** 
[Jesus in Matt. 6:24, Bible, NKJV] 


Everything they give you will always be a temporary GRANT rather than a GIFT. Everything they give you will always 
have legal strings attached that make the property they give you into a Trojan Horse designed to destroy and enslave you. 
The proverb “Beware of Greeks bearing gifts.” definitely applies to everything the government does. Please keep these 
critical facts in mind as you try and decide whether you want you and your family to give the corrupted U.S. Government the 
right to intrude into your personal health care. Also keep in mind that under the concept of equal protection, you can use the 
SAME tactic to entrap and prejudice the government and defend yourself from this tactic. 


Here is this principle of equity in action, as espoused by the U.S. Supreme Court in Fullilove v. Klotznick, 448 U.S. 448, at 
474 (1990). What the U.S. Supreme Court is describing is the basic principle for how franchises operate and how they are 
used to snare you. In a 6 -3 decision that dealt with the 10% minority set - aside issue, the Court held the following: 


".. .Congress has frequently employed the Spending Power to further broad policy objectives... by conditioning 
receipt of federal moneys upon compliance by the recipient... with federal statutory and administrative directives. 
This Court has repeatedly upheld... against constitutional challenge... the use of this technique to induce 
governments and private parties to cooperate voluntarily with federal policy." 

[Fullilove v. Klotznick, 448 U.S. 448, at 474 (1990)] 


When those who are unknowingly party to a franchise challenge the constitutionality or violation of due process resulting 
from the enforcement of the franchise provisions against them, here is how the U.S. Supreme Court has historically responded: 


“We can hardly find a denial of due process in these circumstances, particularly since it is even doubtful that 
appellee's burdens under the program outweigh his benefits. It is hardly lack_of due process for the 


Government to regulate that which it subsidizes.” 
[Wickard v. Filburn, 317 U.S. 111, 63 S.Ct. 82 (1942)] 


The key to the effect of the conveyance of property is the NATURE of the funds or property conveyed by the government. 
If it was property of the government at the time it was conveyed, then it is a subsidy and conveys rights to the government. 
If, on the other hand, the property was someone else’s property temporarily granted/rented to the government under a 
franchise of the REAL owner, it ceases to be a subsidy and cannot convey any rights to the government under ITS franchise, 
because the government is not the rightful owner of the property. That is why everything that members of the Ministry 
convey to the government is identified legally not as a gift, but a GRANT, on the following form. Section 6 establishes what 
we call an “anti-franchise franchise” which reverses the relationship between the parties and makes all those who receive 
monies from the sender into officers and servants of the sender under franchise contract: 





The New King James Version. 1996, c1982 . Thomas Nelson: Nashville 





De Facto Government Scam 172 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


39 
40 
41 
42 
43 


44 


45 





Tax Form Attachment, Form #04.201 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 














If you want to win at this game, you have to use all the same weapons and tactics as your enemy and INSIST vociferously 
on complete equality of treatment and rights as the Constitution mandates. You can’t do that until you have identified and 
fully understand how all of the weapons function. 


Here is yet more proof of why those who accept government benefits cannot assert their constitutional rights as a defense to 
challenge the statutes that regulate the benefit. The language below comes from the Brandeis Rules for the U.S. Supreme 
Court: 


“The principle is invoked that one who accepts the benefit of a statute cannot be heard to question its 
constitutionality. Great Falls Manufacturing Co. v. Attorney General, 124 U.S. 581, 8 S.Ct. 631, 31 L.Ed. 527; 
Wall v. Parrot Silver & Copper Co., 244 U.S. 407, 37 S.Ct. 609, 61 L.Ed. 1229; St. Louis, etc., Co., v. George C. 
Prendergast Const. Co., 260 U.S. 469, 43 S.Ct. 178, 67 L.Ed. 351.” 

[Ashwander v. Tennessee Valley Authority, 297 U.S. 288, 56 S.Ct. 466 (1936)] 


What the court is saying in the above statute is that those who accept federal benefits HAVE NO CONSTITUTIONAL 
RIGHTS and have voluntarily surrendered ALL such rights! 


Here is how franchises enslave and entrap you: 


1. Congress borrows money in your name (like they were using your credit card) from the private Federal Reserve Bank. 
You and your descendants must pay this money back at interest. 


"I sincerely believe ... that banking establishments are more dangerous than standing armies, and that the 
principle of spending money to be paid by posterity under the name of funding is but swindling futurity on a large 
scale." 

[Thomas Jefferson to John Taylor, 1816] 


2. Congress wants to further its broad policy objectives (like making America a socialist state under a "unitary 
executive"...or invading another country for its natural resources.) 

3. So Congress offers private people and state and foreign governments BRIBES using the money borrowed/STOLEN in 
#1. above...On condition that those private people and state and foreign governments cooperate "VOLUNTARILY" 
with federal policy, which is really just PRIVATE business activity disguised to LOOK like “government business”. 

4. Federal policy is whatever federal judges and other bureaucrats say it is. 

5. Among the “federal policy” you must comply with is for them to be able to lawfully and administratively take from 
you ANY amount of money they want to fund their program. This is done through false information return reporting, 
IRS administrative levies that would otherwise be a constitutional tort, etc. 

6. In short, once you accept the bribe, you change from being the BOSS of your public servants into their 
“employee”/officer and cheap whore. They turn the relationship upside down with trickery and words of art. 

7. Tf you create your own franchise (we call it an anti-franchise franchise) and call EVERYTHING you pay them a 
privilege and use their own game rules against them, they will hypocritically and unlawfully apply different rules 
against themselves than they apply to you, in violation of the requirement for equal protection. If they are going to 
defend the above method of acquiring rights, they have to defend your EQUAL right to play the same rules with them 
and prohibit themselves from abusing sovereign immunity to make the game rules unequal. They call what you give to 
them a non-refundable gift in 31 U.S.C. §321(d), and yet everything they give to you is a mere temporary grant that 
makes you their voluntary, uncompensated public officer. HYPOCRITES! 


Notice the word "voluntarily" in Fullilove v. Klotznick above. The federal government cannot coerce a state citizen not 
domiciled on federal land and not taking money from King Congress. The only way the federal government can make you a 
subject of itself and rule over you, and tax you, is by your CONSENT in taking federal “benefits” (bribes... to entice you to 
agree to its jurisdiction — The Declaration of Independence requires the federal government to get your consent in order to 
exercise its powers). 


Parents tell their children: 


"As long as you live in my house...you play by my rules." 





De Facto Government Scam 173 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


20 
21 
22 
23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 


31 
32 
33 


34 
35 
36 
37 
38 


39 
40 
4l 
42 
43 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 
53 


The federal government says, and the Supreme Court agrees: 


"As long as you take money from me...you play by my rules (e.g. compulsory health care...compulsory flu 
injections...compulsory education for your children in government schools..,federal income tax...etc.,) not by 
constitutional rules.” 


Now...: 


1. Are you a free self-determining citizen of your state...or are you a subject of the federal government? 
2. Did you sign the social security APPLICATION (giving your consent) for your newborn children to be subjects of 
federal bureaucrats and tyrants? 


We use the term "state citizen" in the same sense that the reader understands it. 


If you are a subject of the federal government, and have made your children subjects of the federal government by writing 
them off as privileged tax deductions on a federal tax return, the Supreme Court has held over and over that you cannot bring 
constitutional challenges against the federal government in federal court. Federal judges will dismiss you... and rightly so... 
for "lack of standing". 


"These general rules are well settled: 


(1) That the United States, when it creates rights in individuals against itself [a "public right", which is a 
euphemism for a "franchise" to help the court disguise the nature of the transaction], is under no obligation to 
provide a remedy through the courts, United States ex rel. Dunlap v. Black, 128 U.S. 40, 9 Sup.Ct. 12, 32 L.Ed. 
354; Ex parte Atocha, 17 Wall. 439, 21 L.Ed. 696; Gordon y. United States, 7 Wall. 188, 195, 19 L.Ed. 35; De 
Groot v. United States, 5 Wall. 419, 431, 433, 18 L.Ed. 700; Comegys v. Vasse, I Pet. 193, 212, 7 L.Ed. 108. 


(2) That where a statute creates a right and provides a special remedy, that remedy is exclusive. Wilder 
Manufacturing Co. v. Corn Products Co., 236 U.S. 165, 174, 175, 35 Sup.Ct. 398, 59 L.Ed. 520, Ann.Cas. 1916A, 
118; Arnson v. Murphy, 109 U.S. 238, 3 Sup.Ct. 184, 27 L.Ed. 920; Barnet v. National Bank, 98 U.S. 555, 558, 
25 L.Ed. 212; Farmers’ & Mechanics’ National Bank v. Dearing, 91 U.S. 29, 35, 23 L.Ed. 196. Still the fact that 
the right and the remedy are thus intertwined might not, if the provision stood alone, require U.S. to hold that the 
remedy expressly given excludes a right of review by the Court of Claims, where the decision of the special 
tribunal involved no disputed question of fact and the denial of compensation was rested wholly upon the 
construction of the act. See Medbury v. United States, 173 U.S. 492, 198, 19 Sup.Ct. 503, 43 L.Ed. 779; Parish v. 
MacVeagh, 214 U.S. 124, 29 Sup.Ct. 556, 53 L.Ed. 936; McLean v. United States, 226 U.S. 374, 33 Sup.Ct. 122, 
57 L.Ed. 260; United States v. Laughlin (No. 200), 249 U.S. 440, 39 Sup.Ct. 340, 63 L.Ed. 696." 

[U.S. v. Babcock, 250 U.S. 328, 39 S.Ct. 464 (1919)] 


Since the U.S. Constitution offers no remedy to statutory “subjects” and serfs of the federal government when Rights [which 
state citizens have surrendered for a bribe] are violated, what is it they actually celebrate on the 4th of July by waving those 
federal flags made in COMMUNIST China? Hmmmm... 


What is really going on is that there is an invisible war being waged against your constitutional rights by people who are 
supposed to be serving and protecting you, but who have stealthily and invisibly transformed from protectors into predators. 
As a result of these stealthful transformations, Americans are largely unaware that they are a conquered people. The 
conquerors are aliens from a legislatively foreign land called the District of Columbia, who bribed you to put on chains and 
go not into a physical cage, but a LEGAL cage called a franchise. 


“Behold, I will make My words in your mouth fire, 

And this people wood, 

And it shall devour them. 

Behold, I will bring a nation [in the District of Columbia, Washington D.C.] against you from afar, 
O house of Israel," says the LORD. 

"Tt is a mighty nation, 

It is an ancient nation, 

A nation whose language [legalese] you do not know, 

Nor can you understand what they say [in their deceitful laws]. 

Their quiver is like an open tomb; 

They are all mighty [deceitful] men. 

And they [and the IRS, their henchmen] shall eat up your harvest and your bread, 
Which your sons and daughters should eat. 

They shall eat up your flocks and your herds; 

They shall eat up your vines and your fig trees; 





De Facto Government Scam 174 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


22 
23 
24 
25 
26 


27 
28 
29 


30 


31 


32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 


4l 


42 
43 
44 


They shall destroy your fortified cities [and businesses and families], 
In which you trust, with the sword. 
[Jeremiah 5:14-17, Bible, NKJV] 


This is the same thing that Jacob did to Esau, his brother, in the Bible: Persuaded him to give up his freedom and inheritance 
for a stinking bowl of pottage. Here is the way the Bible dictionary describes it, wherein “taxes” used to be called “tribute” 
in biblical times: 


“TRIBUTE. Tribute in the sense of an impost paid by one state to another, as a mark of subjugation, is a common 
feature of international relationships in the biblical world. The tributary could be either a hostile state or an ally. 
Like deportation, its purpose was to weaken a hostile state. Deportation aimed at depleting the man-power. The 
aim of tribute was probably twofold: to impoverish the subjugated state and at the same time to increase the 
conqueror’s own revenues and to acquire commodities in short supply in his own country. As an instrument of 
administration it was one of the simplest ever devised: the subjugated country could be made responsible for the 
payment of a yearly tribute. Its non-arrival would be taken as a sign of rebellion, and an expedition would then 
be sent to deal with the recalcitrant. This was probably the reason for the attack recorded in Gn. 14. 

[New Bible Dictionary. Third Edition. Wood, D. R. W., Wood, D. R. W., & Marshall, I. H. 1996, c1982, c1962; 
InterVarsity Press: Downers Grove] 











Your devious conquerors are doing and will continue to do EVERYTHING in their power to keep you in their legal cage as 
their SATANIC SEX SLAVE, PRISONER, and WHORE. This is the same whore that the Bible refers to as “Babylon the 
Great Harlot” in the Book of Revelation. By “sex”, we mean commerce between you and a corrupted de facto government 
that loves money more than it loves YOUR freedom. Black’s Law defines “commerce”, in fact, as “intercourse” and therefore 
“sex” in a figurative sense: 


“Commerce. ... Intercourse by way of trade and traffic between different peoples or states and the citizens 
or inhabitants thereof, including not only the purchase, sale, and exchange of commodities, but also the 
instrumentalities [governments] and agencies by which it is promoted and the means and appliances by which it 
is carried on...” 

[Black’s Law Dictionary, Sixth Edition, p. 269] 


Here are the things your covetous conquerors have done and will continue to do to compel you, AT GUNPOINT, to bend 
over and be a good little whore, or be slapped silly with what the Constitution calls a “bill of attainder” for rattling your legal 
cage: 


1. They will willfully lie to you in their publications with judicial impunity about what the law requires. See: 

Reasonable Belief About Income Tax Liability, Form #05.007 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

2. They will tempt you with socialist bribes called “benefits”. See: 

The Government “Benefits”’ Scam, Form #05.040 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

3. They will rig their forms so that it is impossible to truthfully declare your status, leaving as the only options available 
statuses that connect you to consent to their franchises, even if you DO NOT consent. 

4. If you already ate the bait and signed up, they will falsely tell you that you aren’t allowed to quit, meaning that you are 
a slave FOR LIFE. 

5. They will hide the forms and procedures that can be used to quit the franchise by removing them from their website, 
but still making them available to people who specifically ask. 

6. They will make false, prejudicial, and self -serving presumptions or determinations about your status that they are not 
allowed to do until AFTER you expressly consent to give them that authority IN WRITING and they will do so in 
violation of due process of law. See: 

Presumption: Chief Weapon for Unlawfully Enlarging Federal Jurisdiction, Form #05.017 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

7. They will deceive you with “words of art”. See: 

Legal Deception, Propaganda, and Fraud, Form #05.014 

http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

8. They will publish false propaganda encouraging third parties to file knowingly false and fraudulent reports about your 
status such as information returns that constitute prima facie evidence of consent to participate in government 
franchises. Such reports include IRS Forms W-2, 1042-S, 1098, and 1099. See: 


Correcting Erroneous Information Returns, Form #04.001 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 



















































































De Facto Government Scam 175 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


YN Dw Fw Ne 


9. They will willfully refuse or omit to prosecute the filers of false information returns, thus compelling you to unlawfully 
and criminally impersonate a public officer who is compelled to fill a position as a franchisee. It is called theft by 
omission and it is also a criminal conspiracy against your constitutional rights. Both OMISSIONS and 
COMMISSIONS that cause injury to you are CRIMES. They might even protect criminals filing these false reports 
INSTEAD of the victims. 

10. They will disestablish all constitutional courts that could serve as a remedy against such abuses and replace them with 

statutory franchise courts that can’t recognize or even rule on Constitutional issues or rights. See: 

What Happened to Justice? , Form #06.012 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

11. They will use “selective enforcement” of the tax laws as a way to silence and punish those who expose their 
monumental scam. They don’t need to torture you physically. All they have to do is destroy your ability to survive 
commercially, and it is as good as putting you in jail and subjecting you to physical torture. 

12. They will remove the subject of law from the curricula in public schools, so that they can do all the above things 
without you even realizing it is happening so that you don’t become alarmed as they tighten the bars of your cage. 

















Welcome to the Matrix, Neo! Agent Smith with the IRS is waiting for you in the next room. See: 





The REAL Matrix, Stefan Molyneux 
YOUTUBE: http://www. youtube.com/watch?v=P772Eb63qIY & 
LOCAL COPY: http://famguardian1.org/Media/The REAL _Matrix.mp4 











12.2 Most government franchises are offered as “unconscionable contracts” with unjust and 


usurious terms 


The only reason that most government franchises are allowed by the average American to be ILLEGALLY abused to make 
slaves into everyone is because most of them “grant” to the applicant something that most people would regard as absolutely 
essential for their livelihood or life. For instance, below are the main franchises most people are illegally compelled to 
participate in, along with a description of the illegal duress by a corrupted government or third parties that perpetuates them: 


1. Driver Licenses: Most people regard driver licenses as essential because they need to be able to get to work and feed 
themselves and their family. 

1.1. Only those using the public roadways for hire on federal territory can be compelled to have or to use driver 
licensing or registration. All others are “volunteers”. 

1.2. Police illegally enforce statutes that require driver licenses against those not using the public roadways for hire or 
not on federal territory, and they threaten those using registered vehicles with confiscation if the operator does not 
get a license. 

1.3. Out of fear do people obtain licenses to avoid having their cars confiscated. 

2. Savings/Investment Accounts: Most people regard the safety of money in their savings and investment accounts as 
important, because they need to be able to pay their bills. If they can’t pay their bills, they might lose their house and 
all the equity in their house because of default on the mortgage. 

2.1. Banks and financial institutions illegally compel the use of the WRONG withholding forms and the illegal use of 
a Social Security Number on all withholding documents as a precondition of opening accounts, because they 
believe the LIES of the IRS on the subject. Even though the courts continue to insist that you CANNOT trust 
anything the IRS or government says or writes, they believe it anyway and injure their workers in the process 
with fraudulent withholding documents. 

2.2. Because the account is enumerated, it illegally becomes subject to statutory levy and effectively becomes a 
PUBLIC account in which the government has equity interest. 

2.3. People pay taxes because they will lose the deposit in their account through the threat of IELEGAL levy. The 
levy is illegal because the withholding paperwork is FRAUDULENT and the compulsion from the financial 
institution is what made it fraudulent to begin with.. 

3. Private Employment: Most people regard the ability to be paid at their job as essential because they need to be able to 
pay their bills and support their families. Loss of a job could cause one to lose their home and their equity in the home 
due to mortgage default. 

3.1. Employers illegally compel the use of the WRONG withholding forms and the use of a Social Security Number 
on all withholding documents as a precondition of hiring, because they believe the LIES of the IRS and tax 
professionals on the subject. Even though the courts continue to insist that you CANNOT trust anything the IRS 





De Facto Government Scam 176 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


21 
22 
23 
24 


25 
26 
27 
28 
29 
30 
31 


32, 
33 
34 
35 


36 
37 
38 
39 
40 


4l 


42 
43 
44 
45 


or government says or writes, they believe it anyway and injure their workers in the process with fraudulent 
withholding documents. 

3.2. Because workers are illegally enumerated and the tax status in the company records is FALSE and 
FRAUDULENT, their earnings illegally becomes subject to statutory levy and effectively becomes a PUBLIC 
account in which the government has equity interest. 

3.3. People pay taxes because they will lose the deposit in their account through the threat of IELEGAL levy. The 
levy is illegal because the withholding paperwork is FRAUDULENT and the compulsion from the otherwise 
private employer is what made it fraudulent to begin with.. 


If you would like to know why items 2 and 3 above are IELEGAL and even CRIMINALLY administered by most banks and 
private companies, see: 





Federal and State Tax Withholding Options for Private Employers, Form #09.001 
http://sedm.org/Forms/FormIndex.htm 

















The common denominator of all the above three franchises is that the only reason most people participate is out of fear created 
through ILLEGAL and CRIMINAL enforcement by a corrupt de facto government and their fascist corporate co-conspirators. 
Because most Americans are legally ignorant and often relatively poor: 


Most people do not know how to fight the corruption and therefore falsely believe they must comply. 

Most people cannot afford to hire an attorney to fight the corruption that they can’t fight on their own, and the high 
cost of the fight exceeds the economic benefit to winning. In a sense, exorbitant legal fees become an indirect “bill of 
attainder” or penalty against those who fight the illegal franchise enforcement. 

3. Even those who can afford an attorney have the problem that the attorney has a conflict of allegiance, in which is first 
duty is to the court. With that conflict of allegiance, attorneys are loath to fight the government because they may lose 
their license to practice and starve to death. 


Ne 


Of course, there is a way to remedy the above, but the ONLY way is for the average American to learn the law, and to 
vociferously defend his rights in court WITHOUT being able to be effectively GAGGED by an attorney license. This would 
bypass the cost and conflict of interest of attorneys and guarantee a more just result. A small minority of Americans, 
unfortunately, are equipped or motivated sufficiently to take this route. 


For the average American who either can’t or won’t learn the law, we end up with a situation where the above franchises in 
effect become “unconscionable contracts” in which there at least “appears” to be no way out without significant loss of 
money, time, or property of one kind or another. It is the fear of losing these things that keeps most people needlessly 
compliant, even if their compliance is illegal and sometimes even CRIMINAL in nature. This compliance, in fact, is a product 
of what we refer to as “international terrorism” by a corrupted legal profession. The states of the Union are, in effect, 
independent nations for a civil jurisdiction, and yet they refuse to enforce that role because they get illegal “kickbacks” from 
the federal mafia to continue the illegal enforcement. Below is the definition of “unconscionable contract”: 


“UNCONSCIONABLE CONTRACT. One which no sensible man not under delusion, duress, or in distress would 
make, and such as no honest and fair man would accept. Franklin Fire Ins. Co. v. Noll, 115 Ind.App. 289, 58 
N.E.2d. 947, 949, 950.” 

[Black’s Law Dictionary, Fourth Edition, p. 397] 


“UNCONSCIONABLE BARGAIN. An unconscionable bargain or contract is one which no man in his senses, not 
under delusion, would make, on the one hand, and which no fair and honest man would accept, on the other. 
Hume v. U. S., 10 S.Ct. 134, 132 U.S. 406, 33 L.Ed. 393; Edler v. Frazier, 174 Iowa 46, 156 N.W. 182, 187; Hall 
v. Wingate, 159 Ga. 630, 126 S.E. 796, 813; 2 Ves. 125; 4 Bouv. Inst. n. 3848.” 

[Black’s Law Dictionary, Fourth Edition, p. 1694] 


If you look over all the biblical franchises we discuss, they all had the following elements in common: 


They were offered by a government or a ruler to the people being ruled. 

They involved the need for property that was critical or important to survival or a “normal” lifestyle. That “property” 
could be a piece of paper, a license, or a privilege to use some form of government property such as a public roadway. 
3. The need for this property or its importance is so great, that people would give up most anything to get it. 


Ne 





De Facto Government Scam 177 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


42 
43 


44 
45 
46 
47 
48 


49 
50 
51 
52 
53 


54 


55 


56 
aT 


4. The thing demanded by the covetous government or ruler in exchange for the property or privilege required is to 


become a “subject”, servant, and slave of the government whom they can demand just about ANYTHING from. In 
other words, there are NO CONSTITUTIONAL LIMITS on the behavior of the government in relation to those who 
are party to the franchise. 


The above “scheme” to destroy your rights has already been legally defined by the Beast itself as communism. Here is that 
definition: 


TITLE 50 > CHAPTER 23 > SUBCHAPTER IV > Sec. 841. 
Sec. 841, — Findings and declarations of fact 








The Congress finds and declares that the Communist Party of the United States [consisting of the IRS, DOJ, and 
a corrupted federal judiciary], although purportedly a political party, is in fact an instrumentality of a conspiracy 
to overthrow the [de jure] Government of the United States [and replace it with a de facto government ruled by 
the judiciary]. It constitutes an authoritarian dictatorship [IRS, DOJ, and corrupted federal judiciary in 
collusion] within a [constitutional] republic, demanding for itself the rights and [FRANCHISE] privileges 
[including immunity from prosecution for their wrongdoing in violation of Article 1, Section 9, Clause 8 of the 
Constitution] accorded to political parties, but denying to all others the liberties [Bill of Rights] guaranteed by 
the Constitution [Form #10.002]. Unlike political parties, which evolve their policies and programs through 
public means, by the reconciliation of a wide variety of individual views, and submit those policies and programs 
to the electorate at large for approval or disapproval, the policies and programs of the Communist Party are 
secretly [by corrupt judges and the IRS in complete disregard of, Form #05.014, the tax franchise “codes”, 
Form #05.001] prescribed for it by the foreign leaders of the world Communist movement [the IRS and Federal 
Reserve]. Its members [the Congress, which was terrorized to do IRS bidding by the framing of Congressman 
Traficant] have no part in determining its goals, and are not permitted to voice dissent to party objectives. Unlike 
members of political parties, members of the Communist Party are recruited for indoctrination [in the public 
FOOL system by homosexuals, liberals, and socialists] with respect to its objectives and methods, and are 
organized, instructed, and disciplined [by the IRS and a corrupted judiciary] to carry into action slavishly the 
assignments given them by their hierarchical chieftains. Unlike political parties, the Communist Party [thanks 
to a corrupted federal judiciary] acknowledges no constitutional or statutory limitations upon its conduct or upon 
that of its members [ANARCHISTS!, Form #08.020]. The Communist Party is relatively small numerically, and 
gives scant indication of capacity ever to attain its ends by lawful political means. The peril inherent in its 
operation arises not from its numbers, but from its failure to acknowledge any limitation as to the nature of its 
activities, and its dedication to the proposition that the present constitutional Government of the United States 
ultimately must be brought to ruin by any available means, including resort to; force and violence for using 
income taxes]. Holding that doctrine, its role as the agency of a hostile foreign power [the Federal Reserve 
and the American Bar Association (ABA)] renders its existence a clear present and continuing danger to the 
security of the United States. It is the means whereby individuals are seduced [illegally KIDNAPPED via 
identity theft!, Form #05.046] into the service of the world Communist movement [using FALSE information 
returns and other PERJURIOUS government forms, Form #04.001], trained to do its bidding [by FALSE 
government publications and_statements that the_government is not accountable for the accuracy of, Form 
#05.007], and directed and controlled [using FRANCHISES illegally enforced upon NONRESIDENTS, Form 
#05.030] in the conspiratorial performance of their revolutionary services. Therefore, the Communist Party 


should be outlawed 








Finally, the U.S. Supreme Court has held that the above mechanism for essentially DESTROYING rights guaranteed by the 
Constitution is itself unconstitutional: 


"It has long been established that a State may not impose a penalty upon those who exercise a right guaranteed 
by the Constitution." Frost & Frost Trucking Co. v. Railroad Comm'n of California, 271 U.S. 583. "Constitutional 
rights would be of little value if they could be indirectly denied,’ Smith v. Allwright, 321 U.S. 649, 644, or 
manipulated out of existence,’ Gomillion v. Lightfoot, 364 U.S. 339, 345." 
[Harman v. Forssenius, 380 U.S. 528 at 540, 85 S.Ct. 1177, 1185 (1965)] 


We discuss in section Government Instituted Slavery Using Franchises, Form #05.030, Section 28.2 a thing called the 
“Unconstitutional Conditions Doctrine”, which is useful in ensuring that constitutional rights are not manipulated out of 
existence by enforcing franchises in places they may not even be lawfully offered. It is this tension between franchises, and 
the Unconstitutional Conditions Doctrine that explains why franchises may not lawfully be offered outside of federal territory 
NOT protected by the Constitution. 


12.3. Why all the government’s franchises are administered UNJUSTLY and 
FRAUDULENTLY 


We don’t necessarily object in principle to franchises. Private companies use them all the time and they work quite well and 


are JUSTLY administered. Take McDonald’s, which is an international franchise, for instance. The thing we object to about 


De Facto Government Scam 178 of 390 
Copyright Sovereignty Education and Defense Ministry, http://sedm.org 
Form 05.043, Rev. 3-11-2016 EXHIBIT: 


government franchises is not their use, but their FRAUDULENT AND MALICIOUS ABUSE. Here are a few examples of 
why government franchises are FRAUDULENTLY and MALICIOUSLY abused: 


1. 


10. 


11. 


12. 


13. 


Franchise “codes” are consistently and maliciously MISREPRESENTED by both the government and the legal 
profession as “law” or “public law” that applies equally to EVERYONE, rather than more correctly as: 
1.1. Private law. 
1.2. A “compact”. 
1.3. Having the “force of law” and thereby ACTIVATING only upon the express consent of those who are subject to 
it. 
The government and the IRS are not held EQUALLY accountable for telling the public the WHOLE or complete truth 
about the voluntary nature of the franchise and your right NOT to volunteer or NOT be penalized for NOT 
volunteering. Instead, they effectively LIE to the public with impunity while at the same time hypocritically requiring 
everything we send THEM to be signed under penalty of perjury and them being able to penalize us if we follow their 
example