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DOCOHENT EESOHE 



BD 199 313 



OD 021 190 



AOTHOE 
TITLE 

INSTITOTION 

POB DLTE. 
NOTE 



Garyr Lawrence E. : Newhouser Quentin^ Jr. 

Bibliography on Informal Support Systems. 

Howard Dniv. , Washington^ D-C. Inst, tor Urban 

Affairs and Research. 

CBO] 

26p« 



ED5S PEICE 
DESCBIPT05S 



IDENTIFIEBS 



MF01/PC02 Plus Postage. 

♦Black Community: Black Culture: *Slacks: Child 
Welfare: ^ComiD unity S cpport: Family Belaxionship: 
♦Family Structure: ^Networks: Older Adults; Public 
Health: ^Social Life 
♦Support Systems 



afiSTEACT 

This bibliography of published books and articles on 
informal support systems focuses on such support systems especially 
they exist for blacks, works on the elderly, the poor, and other 
■iisoxities are also cited* Topics covered include family structures, 
community relations^ child welfare, health care, and social class and 
economic issues. The approximately 375 citations are arranged 
alphaJbetically by author- (APM) 



♦ Reproductions supplied by EDES are the best thar can be made * 

♦ from the original document- * 

**a»*******:>***************** ********** ♦*****50c***** ******* ************** 



/ 



BIBLIOGRAPHY ON INFORMAL SUPPORT SYSTEMS 



Lawrence E . Gary , Ph.D., 
Quentin Newliouse, Jr., Ph-.D. 



OS OePARTMEMT OF HEALTH. 
EDUCATION A WELFARE 
MATIOMAL INSTITUTE OF 
EDUCATION 

THIS OOCU'WENT MAS BEEN REPRO- 
DUCED EXACTLY AS RECEIVED ROM 
THE PERSON OR ORGANIZATION OfiiOlN- 
AJ\HOiT POINTSOF VIEW OR OPINIONS 
STATED DO NOT NECESSARILY REPRE- 
SENT OP PiCtAL NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF 
EDUCATION POStTiON 0« POLiCV 



"PERMISSION TO REPRODUCE THIS 
MATERIAL HAS BEEN GRANTED BY 



. ^ . Ke EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES 
INFORMATION CENTER (ERIC)/* 



0— 

ni 
Q 
O 



Institute for Urban Affairs and Research 
Howard University 



-ERLC 



BIBLIOGRAPHY ON INFORMAL SUPPORT SYSTEMS 



Adams, B.?-. Occupational position, mobility and the kin of orienta- 
tion. American Sociological Review . 1967, 32, 364-77. 

♦ Interaction theory and the social network. Spciometry. 

T967T 30, (1 ), 64-78. 

• Kinship in an urban sattinq . Chicago: Markham Publish- 
ing Co., 1968. 

Aiken, M. and Goldberg, D. Social mobility and kinship: A reexamina- 
tion of the hypothesis. American Anthropologist. 1969, 71, 
261-270. — 

Aldou5, J. Urbanization: The extended family, and kinship ties in 
West Africa. Social Forces . 1962, 4T_, 6-12. 

Aldous, J. and Straus, M. A. Soc ^. networks and conjugal roles: A 
test of Bott's hypothesis. Social Forces . 1966, 44, 576-80. 

Anston,.P.J. , Peck, C.W. and Wingrove, C.R. Religiosity and Black 
militancy: A reappraisal. Journal of Scientific Study of Re- 
ligion . 1972, 21, 252-61. 

Andrews, T. M. and Withey, S.B. Social indicators of well-being . New 
York: Plenum Press, 1976. 

Andrews, Determinants of Negro family decisions in management of 

retardation. Journa] of Marriage and the Family . 1968, 30, 512- 



Andrews, R. Permanent placement of Negro children through auasi- 
adoption. Child Welfare . 1968, 583-88. 

Antonovsky, A. Breakdown: A needed fourth step in the conceptual 
armamentarium of modern medicine. Social Science and Medicine . 
1972, 6^, 537-44. 

. Health, stress and coping . San Francisco: Jossey Bass 

Publications, 1979. 

Antunes, G. and Gaitz, CM. Ethnicity and participation: A study of 
Mexican-Americans, Blacks, and Whites. American Journal of Socio- 
logy . 1975. 80, 1192-1211. 

Aronson, D.R. Social networks: Towards structure or process. Cana- 
dian Review of Sociology and Anthropology . 1970, 258-68. 



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Atchley, C. The sociaT forces in later life . Belmont, Calif.- 
Wadsworth Publishing Company, Inc., 1972. 

Attneave, C.I.. Social networks as the unit of i n^iervention. in 

P.J- Guerin (Ed.) Family therapy: Theory and practice . New York- 
Gardner Press, 1976, 220-32. 

. • Therapy in tribal settings and urban network inter- 
vention. Family Process . 1969, 3^, 192-210. 

Austin, O.M. The Black civic volunteer leader: A new era .n volun- 
tarism. Harriet Lowenstein Goldstein Series, Issue #5. The 
Volunteer in America . The Florence Heller Graduate School~for 
Advanced Studies in Social Welfare. Waltham, Mass: Brandeis 
University, 1971. 

Axel rod, M. Urban structure and social participation.' . American 
Sociological Review . 1956, 21_, 17. 

Babchuk, N. Primary friends and kin: A study of the associations 
of middle class couples. Social Forces . 1965, 43, 483-93. 

Babchuk, N.and Ballweg, J. Black family structure and primary rela- 
tions. Phylon . 1972, 33, 334-47. 

Babchuk, N. and Ballweg, J. Primary extended kin relations of Negro 
couples. The Sociological Quarterly . 12 , (winter), 77-82. 

Babchuk, N. and Booth, A. Voluntary association membershi-p: A longitu- * 
dinal analysis. American Sociological Review . 1969, 34, 31-45. 

Babchuk, N. and Edwards, J. Voluntary associations arid the integration 
hypothesis. Sociological- Inquiry . 35 , 149-62. 

Babchuk, N. and Gordon, C.W. The Voluntary association in the slum . Lin- 
coln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Studies, New Series, 1962, 
27. 

Babchuk, N. and Thompson, R. The voluntary associations of Negroes. 
American Sociological Review . 1962, 27_, 647-55. 

Back, K. The methodology of studying rumor transmission. Human Rela- 
tions . 1950, 3, 307-12. 

Bain, M. Organized labor and the negro worker. National Review . 
1963, 6, 455. 



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Banks, W.M. Differential effect of race and social class in helping " 
Journal of Clinical Psychology . 1972, 28, (1), 90-91. 

Barnes, J. A. Graph theory and social networks.: A technical comnent 
on connectedness and connectivity. Sociology . 1969, 3, 215-32. 

■ 'Social networks. Reprint form University of Cambridge. 

Addison-Wesley Module in Anthropology . 1972» 26, 1-29. 

Barth, A.T. and Baha. Power structure and the Negro sub-community 
American Sociological Review . 1959, 24, (2), 69-76. 

Beck, D. Limitations of one social class index when comparing races 
with respect to indices of health. Social Forces. 1967, 45 
586-88. — ' 

Becker, H. Personal change in adult life. In Neugarten, B. (Ed.) 
Middle age and aging . Chicago, Illinois: 1968, 148-56. 

Beirstedt, R. The social order . New York; McGraw-Hill Book, 
1970. ~ 

Ben,.W. and Boat, M.D. Urban neighborhoods and informal social re- 
lations. American Journal of Sociology . 1975, 62, 395. 

Bell, W. and Willis, E.M. The Segregation of Negroes in American 

cities: A comparative analysis. Journal of Soc ial and Economic 
Studies 1968, 6^, 59-75. 

Berenson, W., et al . Preachers in politics: A study of political 
activism among the black ministry. Journal of Black Studies. 
1976, 6., 373-92. 

Berkman, L.' F. and Syme, S.L. - Social networks, host resistance and 

mortality: A nine year follow-up study of Alameda County residents. 
American Journal of Epidemiology . 1979, 109 , p. 2. 

Billingsley, A. Black families in white America . Englewood Cliffs, 
New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1968. 

• Black families and the struggle of survival . New York: 

Friendship Press, 1974. 

- Family functioning in the lew-income zk community. 

Social Casework . 1969, 50, 563-72. 

Birley, J.L.T. Review of family and social network. British Journal 
of Psychiatry . 1969, 115, (520), 367. 

Black, T. Chicago Negro labor and civil rights. Freedomways . 1966, 



ERIC 



Exchange an d power in social life . New York: John Wilev and 
Sons, Inc., 1974. ^ 

Approaches to the stu dy of social structure . The Free Press. 



1975. 



Blau, Z._ Structural constraints of friendship in old age. American 
Sociological Review . 1961, 26. 429-: . 

-• Old age i n a change society . New York, 1973. 



Blumberg, L. and Bell, R. Urban migration and kinship ties. Social Pro- 
blems. 1958, 6^, 328-33. 

Boissevain, J. An exploration of two first-order sones. In J Bois- 
sevain and J.C. Mitchell (Eds..), Network analysis: Studies in 
humarrnnteraction . The Hague: Houston, 1973. 

Friends of my friends: Networks, manipulators and coali- 



tions . Oxford: Blackwell Press, 1974. 

Boling^ T.E. Black and White religion: A comparison in the low class 
Sociological Analysis . 1975, 36, 73-80. 

Boorman S.A. and Levitt, P.R. A frequency dependent natural selection 
model for the evolution of social cooperation-networks. Proceedings 
of the Na tional Academy of Sciences, USA . 1973, 70, 87-89^ ^ 

Boswell, p.M Personal crisis and. the mobilization of the social network. 
In Mitchell, J.C. (Ed.) Social networks in urban i,ituations . 1969. 

Bosworth, C.A. Commutiity attitude scale . Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation 
University of Michigan, 1954. cu.un, 

Bott, E, Family^ and social network . London: Tavistock, 1957. 

. Family, kinship, and marriage. In Douglas, M., et al . (Ed.) 

of human organization . London: MacOonald, 

iyo4, 82-103. 

Urban families: Conjugal roles and social networks. Human 



Relations . 1955, 8, 345-85. 

Breiger, R.L., Boorman S.A. and Arabie, P. An algorithm for clustering 
relational data with applications to sociai network analysis and 
comparison with multidimensional scaling. Journal of Mathematical 
Psychology . 1975, r2, 328-83. 

Brinkerhoff, M.B. and Kunz, R. Complex organizations a nd their environments 
Boston: Wm. C. Brown, 1972. ' 



ERIC 



6 



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Broderick» B. Beyond the five conceptual frameworks: A decade of 

development in family theory. Journal of Marriage and the Family . 

Brown, A. Satisfying relationships for the elderly and their patterns 
of disengagement. Gerontol ocy^st . 1974, 14, 258-62. 

Bruce, J.M. Intergenerational occupational mobility and visiting with 
kin and friends. Social Forces . 1970, 49, 117-22. 

Brodber E. and Wagner, N. The Black family, poverty and family planning 
Anthropological impressions. The Family Coordinator . 1970, 168-72. 

Brown, G. and Specht, H. Demographic correlates of citizen's partici- 
pation: An analysis of race. The Social Sci ence Review. 1974, 
ii, (4), 517-31. 

Brown, G.W. and Rutter, M. The measurement of family activities and 
.relationships.-. Human Relations. 1966, 1_9, 241-63. 

Burdman, M. -Ethnic self-help groups in prison and on parole. Crime 
and Delinquency . 1975, 20, 107-19. 

Callaghan, M. rtarital status av'' support seeking. Unpublished P h D 
dissertation . University or .lichigan, 1978. 

Candor* M.H. Life space and the social support system of the inner 
city Glderly of New York. Gerontol ogist . 1975, 1_5, (i), 23. 

Cantor, and Mayer, M. Factors in differei.*ial utilization of ser- 
vices by >_Tban elderly. A paper presented at the 28th Annual 
Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society, October , 1975. 

Caplan, S. Support systems and community mental health: Lectures on 
concept development i New York: Behavioral Publications, 1974. 

Caplan, G. and Kill ilea, M. Support systems and mutual help: Multi- 
d isciplinary exploration . New York: Grune ard Stratton, 1976. 

Cassel, J.C. Psychiatric epidemiology. In G. Caplan (Ed.) American 
Handbook of Psychiatry . New York: Basic Books, 1973. 

Cayton, R. Black workers and the new unions. Maryland- 
McGrath, 1969. ■ 

Chandler, C. Local voluntary associations and universities cooperating 
for change: A case study of the Chicago law enforcement study 
group. Journal of Voluntary Action Research . 1973, (2), 3180-5. 

Chapin, F.S. Experimental designs in sociolo gical research. Harper- 
New York, 1955, 275-78*. 



ERIC 



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Chapin, F.S., Jr. H uman activity patterns in the city . New York: 
Wiley & Sons, 1974": 

Chapin, F.S., Jr. Bytler, E. and Patt£rn, F. BTackwavs in the inner 
city . Urban, niinois: University of Illinois Press, 1 975. 

Chaves F.J. Counseling offenders of Spanish heritage. Federal Pro- 
bation. 1976, 40, (1), 29-33. 

Clark, A. G. History of Prince Hall freemasonry (1775-1945). Des 

Moines: Unltea Grana Lodge of Iowa F. & AM (Prince Hall Affilia- 
tion). 1947. 

Clemente, F. , Rexroad, A., and Hirsch, C. ^he participation of the 
Black aged in voluntary association. Journal of Gerontology, 
:975, 30, (4), 469-72. ^ 

Clifford, D.^A comparative study, of helping patterns in eight urban 
communities. Unpublished Ph.-p. dissertation . University of 
Michigan, 1976.^ 

Cloward, R. and Ohlin, L. Delinquency and opportunity: A theory of 
delinquent gangs . New York Free Press, I960. 

Coleman, J., Katz, E. and Menzel , H. The diffusion of an innovation 
among physicians. Sociometry . 1957, 20, (4), 233-70. 

Collins, A. H. Natural delivery systems: Accessible S'jurces of 
power for mental heaUh. American Journal of Ort hcosychiatry. 
1976, 46, (4), 46-52. - ~ 

Cone, J. A black theology of liberation . Philadelphia: Lipplincott, 
•1970. 

Craven, P. and Wellman, B. The network city. Sociol ogical Inquiry. 
1972, 42-43 , 57-88. 

Curtis, R. F. Differential association and the stratification of 
the urban community. Social Forces . 1963, 42, 68-77. 

Curtis, R.L., Jr. Zurcher, A. Jr. Voluntary associations and social 
integration of the poor. Social Problems . 1971, 18, 339-57. 

Cutler, S.J. -Voluntary association oarticipation and life satisfaction: 
A cautionarv -^^earch note. Journal of Gerontology , 28, 96-100. 

Daniel, V. Ritut stratification in Chicago Negro churches. Ameri- 

can Socioloq c^ Review . T942, 7^, 352-61 . . 

Davis, F. The cab driver and his fare: Facets of a fleeting relationship. 
American Journal of Sociology . T959, 65, 158-65. 

ERIC ^ 8 



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Oav-fs, J.C. Neighborhood groups and urban renewal . New York: Free 
Press, 1966. 

Davis, J. A. Clustering and hierarchy in interpersonal relations testing 
two graph theoretical models on 742 soCTOgrams. Amer ican Sociolo- 
gical Review , 1970, 35, 843-52. 

Davis, H.E. A History of freemasonary among Negroes in Aroerica . Cleve- 
land, 1946^ ' 

Dsasy, L.C. and Quinn, O.W. The urban Negro and adoption of ch-'ldren. 
Child Welfare . 1962, 4^, 400-407. 

Denby, C. Black caucuses in the unions. New Politics . 1968, 7_, 10-17. 

Derbyshire, R. The uncompleted Negro family. Journal of Huma n Relations. 
1967, 1_5, 458-68. 

Donnerstein, E. and Donnerstein, M. Variables in interracial aggression: 
Potential ingroup censure. Journal of Personal it / and Social Psy- 
Choloqy . 1973, 27, p. 143. 

Doyle, W. et al. Negroes and the labor movement: Records of the left 
wing' unions. New Politics . 1962, 2, 142-51. 

Drabeck, T. E. and Hass, E.J. Understanding complex organizations . New 
York: Wm. C. Brown Company, 1974. 

Drake, St. C. and Cayton, H. Slack Metropolis . Chicago: University of 
Chicago Press, 1945. 

Dreer, H. The history of the Omega Psi Phi fraternity. A brotherhood 
of Negro college men, 19il-'939 . Washington, D.C.: The Fraternity, 
1 940. 

Edelstein, A. and Larsen, 0. The weekly press's contribution to a sense 
of urbar community.- Journalism Quarterly . 1960, 37, 489-98. 

'fdwards, J.N. and Kelramack D.L. Correlates of life-satisfaction: A re- 
examination. Journal of Gerontology. 1973, 28, 497-502. 

Edwards, J.N. and Booth, A. (Eds.) Social participation in urban society . 
Cambridge: Schenkman Publishing Company, 1973. 

Epstein, A.L. The network and urban social organization. Rhodes-Li vingsto 
Journal . 1S61, 29, 29-62. 

^ . -Gossip norms and social network. In Mitchell, C. (Ed.) 

Social networks in urban situa'Cions . Manchester: Manchester University 
Press, 1969, 117-27, 



ERIC 



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Farley, R. and Hermalin, A. Family stability: A co^iparison of trends 
between Blacks and Whites. Ameri can Socioloqical Review. 1971 
35, 1-17. ^ 

Faulkner, A.O. The Black aged as good neighbors, and experiment in 
volunteer service. The Gerontoloqist . 1975, 554-49. 

Feagin, J.R. A note on the friendship ties of Black urbanites. 
Social Forces . 1970,_49_j (2), 303-308. 

• Ghetto social structure: A survey of Black Bostonians . /*" 

San Franciso: R and E Research Associates, 1974. 

: • 'Social sources of support for violence and nonviolence 

in a Negro ghetto. Social Problem . 1968, 15, 432-41. 

Felton, R.A. These my brethen: A study of 570 Negro churches and 
1542 ft'eqrc Corner in the rural south . New Jersey: Department of 
Rural Church, [h-ew Theological Seminary, 1950. 

Fessler, D.R. The development of a scale for measuring community 
solidarity. Rural Sociology . 1952, 21, 144-52. 

Fischer, C.S. Urbanism as a way of life.- Socioloqical Methods and 
Research . Sage Publications, Inc. 1972, J_, (2), 187-242. 

Fowler, F. J. , Jr. "Knowledge, need and use of services among the aged. 
Health care services for the aged . University of Florida, Insti- 
tute of Gerontology Monograph. In C.C. Osterbind. (Ed.) Report of 
the 19tli Southern Conference on Gerontology . 1970, 1-3. 

Fowler, I. A. The urban middle-class Negro and adoption: Two series 
of studies and their implications for action. Child Welfare. 
1966, 1J_, 522-25. 

Freed, A.O. The family agency and the kinship system of the elderly. 
Social Casework . 1975, 579-86. 

Frenkel -Brunswick, E. Adjustment and re-orientation in the course of 
the life span. In Neugarten, B. (Ed.), Middle Age and Aging . 
University of Chicago Press: Chicago. 

Fried, M. The role of work in a mobile society- In S.B. Warner (Ed.) 
Planning for a Nation of Cities . Cambridge: M.I.T. Press, 1966. 

Gans, H. The Negro family. Commonwealth . 1975, 47-51. 

_ The urban villagers: Group and class in tne life of Ita- 

lian-Americans . New York-: The ^ee Press, 1962. 

Gary, I.E. Support systems in Black communities: Implications for men- 
• tal health services for children and youth. I 'JAR Occasi onal Paper, 
1978 , 3 , 4. ^ 

10 



- 9 - 



Gass, G.2. et. al. Family problems in upgrading the-'hardcore The 
Family Coordinator . 1969, T_8, 99-1 06 i " 

Gelsmar, L. and Gerhart, U. ^ Social class ethnicity and family func- 
tioning; Exploring some issues raised bythe Moynihan Report. 
Journal of Marriage and the -amily . 1968, 30. 380-487. 

'Geschwender, J. A. Social structure and the Negro revoU: An examina- 
tion of some hypotheses. Social, Forc-e& . £37248-56. 

Gouldner^r A. The norm of reciprocity: A preliminary statement. 
American Sociological Review . 1960, 25^. 

Graham, B. A comparison of social networks in two Arizona mining 
towns. The Soc1a-l Science Journal . 1978, IT, (2), 113-122. 

Graney, M. and Graney^ E. Communications activity substitutions in 
asing- Journal of Communications . 1974,24, (4), '88-95. 

Granovettes, M.S. The strength of weak ties. American J ournal of 
Sociology . 1973, 7, (6), 1350-1380. — 

Grauer, H. and Ber-bom, F. A geriatric" functional rating scale" to de- 
termine the need for institutional care. Journal o f the American 
Geriatrics Society . 1975, 23, (TO), 472-76'! ; 

Greer, S. Urbanism reconsidered: A comparative study of local areas 
in a metropolis. American Sociological Review . 1956, _21_, 19-25. 

G-ser S. and Kube, E. Urbanism and social structure: A Los Angeles 
study. In M.P. Sussman (Ed.) Community St ructure and Analysis 
New York: Crowe! 1. 93-112. — ~" * 

Sulley, W.H. Relative effectiveness in Negro and White voluntary 
associations. Phylon . 1*963, 24, 172-83. 

Gutkind, P.C.W. Network analysis and urbanism in Afric?: The use bf 
micro- and macro-analysis. Canadian Review o f Sociology and An- 
thropology . 1965, 2, 123-1317 

Guttaian H. The Negro family . New York: Pantheon Books, 1973. 

Persistent myths about. the Afro-American family. Journal 



of Interdi sciplinary History . Autumn 1975, 6, (2),J81-210. 

Handel, G. and Rainwater, C. Persistence and change in working class 
life style. In A.B. Sostak and W. Gomberg (Eds.), Blue Col lar 
World . - Prentice Hall, 1964, 36-41 . 

Hannerz, V. Sor-lside: Inquires into ghetto culture and cdinmunitV . New 
York: .Columbia University Press, 1969. ~ ' 

ERIC' ^ 11 



Harary G. and Norman.' R.Z. Structural models: An Tntroduct inn to 
the theory of directed graphs. New York: Wiley and Sons, 1965. 

^^^^^'J' family localism and social participation. American Journal 
of Sociology . 1970, 75, (5), 821-27. 

Harries-Jones, P. Home-boy ties and political organization in a cod- 
perbelt townsJiip. In C. Mitchell (Ed.), Social networks in u rLn 
situations. Manchester: Manchester University Press. 

• Haugh, H.C. Unique contribution of churches and clergy to community 

mental health. CoTwunity^ftental Health Journal . 1976, J_2, 20-28. 

.E>«tended kinship relations in Black and 
«nite famines. Journal of Marriage and the Family . 1973, 51-57. 

Havighurst, R.J., Neugarten, B.L., and Tobin, S.S. Disengagement and 

patterns of aging. In Middle age and aging . Chicago- University 
of Chicago Press, 197T! — 

"^^^^1*969 '''jl ^|3j*''J|2*7i^^ '^'"g'^T ""^Anthropologist . 

-Henderson, G. Role models for lower-class Negro boys. Personnel and 
Guidance Journal . 1967, 46, 6-10. ' \ 

Henry, J. The personal conmunity and its invariant properties Amprlcan 
Anthropologist . 1958, 60, 827-31. " — ' 

Heyman, D. and Jaffers, F. The influence of race and socioeconomic status 
upon the activities and attitudes of the aged. Journal o f Gerontology. 
1969, 1_9, 225-229. — ^ 

"^11 » R- The streng ths of Black fanfilies . New York: Emerson Hall, 1972. 

Hill, R.B. And Shackleford, L. Bladk extended family revisited. Urban 
League Review . 1975, (2), 18-24^^ 

Hilton,.? J. and Wylie, S. Homology theory: An introduction to algeLraic 
topology. New York:- Cambridge University Press, 1966. 

Hiines, J. Interrelation of occupational and spousal roles in the middle 

■ !!^^.!!®lf!]^'*^°°^- Journal of Marriage and Family Liv ing. 

ItoO^ ZZ » ZoZ-2o3, • ^ 

Hines L.C. and Jones, AW A voice of Black protest: The Savannah men's 
Sunday club: 1905-1911. Phylon , 1974, 35, (2), 193-203. 

"H'vppl-er, A.F. Hunter's po int: A" Black ghetto . New York: Basic Books, 1974 

Hobs6n,^S. T^e^ Black family: Together in every sense. Tuesday . (April, 



- n - 



Hochschild, A.R. The unexpected community . Berkeley: University of 
Califo-m*;a, }S7T. 

Holden, M. Jr. Politics and voluntary social action some rules of thumb. 
Journal of Voluntary Action Research . 1973, 2, (1), 48-59. 

Holmes, T.H. and Rahe, R.H. The social readjustment rating scale. Journal 
of Psychosomatic Research . 1967, 2^, 213. 

Homans, 6. Social behavior: Its elanentary forms . New York: Harcourt 
Brace Jovanovlch, 1974. 

Horowitz, A. Social network and pathways to psychiatric treatment. Social 
Forces. 1977, 56, 86-105. 

Hourse, J.S. and Wolf S. Effects of urban residence on interpersonal trust 
and helping behavior. Journal cf Personality and Social Psychology. 
1978, 36, (4), 1029-10437 [ 

Hyraan, H. and Wright, C. Trends in voluntary association membership of 
American adults. American Sociological Review . 1971 , 36_, 191-206. 

^ 

Ruing, H.W. Distance, intensi;ty, Kinship: Key dimensions of social inter- 
action. Sociology and Social Research . 1975, 60, 77-86. 

Jackson, J.J. Negro aged oarents and adult "children^ Their affective rela- 
• tionships. Varia. 1969, 2., 1-14. 

Jackson, J-.J.' But where are the men. The Black Scholar . Dec. 1971. 
3, 30-41. ^ 

Jackson, J.J. Aged lacks: A potpourri: In the direction of the reduction 
of inequities. Phylon , 1971, 32^, 260-280. 

Jackson. J.J. Comparative life" styles and family and friend relationships 
among older Black women. The Faririly Coordinator . October 1972, 
477-485. . — ' 

Jackson, J.J. Black women in a racist' society. In C. Willie, et. al (Eds.) 
Racism and mental health . Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 

1972. — ~ : — . 

Jay, E.J. The concepts of 'field' and 'network' in anthropoloaical research. 
Man . 1964, (177), 137-9.^ - 

Jeffers, F. and Nichols, C. The relationship of activities and attitudes to 
physical well-being In older, people. In Palmore, E. (Ed.) Normal " 
Aging II , 1974. 

Johnson, S.B. Some factors in the development of Negro social institutions 
in the United States. The American Journal of Sociology . 1934, p. 356. 



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Jouvand, S. The transparent self: Self-disclosure and welT-b e-inq. 
New Yorkl Van Nostrand, 1964. 

ftadushin, C. Power, influence and social circles: A new methodology 
for studying opirn'on-makers . American Sociological Review. 1968 
33,, 685-699. ^ 

Kadushin, C. Social distance between clienfand professional. Ameri can 
Journal of Socioloqy . 1962,67,517-31. 

Kadushin , C. The friends and supporters of psychotherapy: On social 
circles in urban life. American Sociological Review. 1966, 31, 
78S-802. ^ ' — 

Kamii, C. and Radin, N. Class differences in the socialization practices 
of Negro mothers. Journal of Marriage and Family. May 1967, 29, 
302-310: ^ ' ^ — 

Kandel, D.B. Race, maternal authcity and adolescent aspiration. Ameri- 
can Journal of Sociology . May 1971, 7&, (6), 999-1019. 

Karpienia, J. and Zippel, B. Ethnicity and helping behavior. The Jour- 
nal of Social Psychology . 1974, 94, 31-32. 

Kasarda, J.-D. and Janowitz, M. Community attachment in mass society. Ameri- 
can Sociological Review . 1974, 39, (6), 328-39. ~ 

Katz, E. A critique of personality approaches to f*egro performance, with 
research suggestions. Journal of Social Issues . 1969, 25., (3), 13-27. 

Social participation and social structures. Social Forces. 



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