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J. H. W. TOOH EY, EDITOR. 


PTEMBER 1871, 


oW- Vol. 4. 


CON LENS 


“NERVE ATMOSPHERE,” 
PRE-HISTORIC TIMES 
RAIN- UPON THE ROOF. . 7... to TEE ves uud s - Ciis a sansa 413 


ILLUMINATION, or, THE SLEEP-WAKER. — Fragments from 
Hortensia's Conversations. — Changes. — Prince Carlo. — The Dreams. 
By HEINRICH ZOCHOKKE. 415 


THERE IS NO DEATH By J. L- M/CnEERY. 428 
SCIENTIFIC RECORD 
REPORTS AND NOTES... a A e edet e EE eue cda 437 
THE SPIRITUAL ANALYST, AND WHAT IS SAID OF IT. ...... 444 
THE * SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN," NOT QUITE SCIENTIFIC,.... 448 
RECENT PUBLICATIONS 


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to lecture upon Spiritual Science, Anthropology, 


and the Temperaments. 


The Spiritual Analyst. | 


VoL. L... SEPTEMBER, 1891.2. "NONE 


“NERVE ATMOSPHERE 


BY JOHN WETHERBEE. 


-~ 


[An Exchange furnishes the following synopsis of the facts referred to by Mr. 
Wetherbee; and are inserted here to illustrate the argument, and prove that strict 
analysis and rigid investigation do not destroy the power to manifest, when the 
motive is good, and the method respectful Besides, the scientific standing of the , 
gentlemen supporting the investigation, as well as the resu/zs thus far developed, 
will do something in vindicating previous witnesses, — convincing the public that | 
the Harvard Professors were either zzcompetent or unfair in the efforts’ they 
made on a similar occasion; since the genuineness of the phenomena, and the »:ez- 
fal characteristics accompanying the developments are here verified and demon- 
strated. The question of ‘spirit or psycich force"? is therefore secondary, until 
the facts are recognized and classified. To this end let it be remembered that — à 

“ The scientific men in London have been applying tests to D. D. Home, the 4 

well known medium, of greater precision and severity than ever before, and con- 
fess themselves “stumped” by the results. The gentlemen concerned in the in- . 
vestigation were Mr. Crookes, an eminent chemist, Dr. Huggins, the astronomer, 
and Sergeant Cox, all members of the Royal Society. Mr. Crookes had prepared 
some special machinery for the experiments, which had never been seen by Mr. 
Home until the time ofthe trial. The first piece of apparatus is described as a ma- 
hogany board three feet long by 9 1-2 inches wide, and one inch thick, one end of 
which rested on a firm table, and the other was supported by “a spring balance 
hanging from a substantial tripod stand,” with “ a self-registering index " attached. 
Thus any pressure exerted on this board at any point nearer to the balance than 
the spot where it was supported on the table, tended to depress the end supported 
by the balance to an extent registered by the index —the board moving round the 
table-supported end as round a fulcrum. We quote an account of the experiments 
from the Popular Science Review for July: 

“ Mr. Crookes, to test the balance, stood on one foot at the end of the board nearest to 
the table, and Dr. Huggins said that the whole weight of his body thon applied (140 
pounds) only sank the index at the other end to an amount equivalent to ono and a half 
pounds if applied to the balance-end, when ho stood still, and to two pounds when he 
jerked up and down. Mr. Home, sitting in a low easy chair, simply applied his fingers 
lightly to the exact point where the board rested on the table (so that even hard pressuro 
there would have only had tho effect of securing the fulcrum instead of depressing the other 
end of the mahogany board) and under these conditions the opposite end was depressed by 
an amount which varied, as if in waves, between three and one-half pounds and six pounds, | 
which was the maximum attained. $ 

“This experiment was in some respects the most curious, as being the one which was in | 


—H—m— UNS mu RITE ———————————Á—? 


406 The Spiritual Analyst. 


every respect the most above-board — both literally and. morally — and which was appar- 
ently fully attested by Dr. Huggins, as well as by Sergeant Cox and Mr. Crookes, If ro- 
peated often enough in the presence. of competent witnesses, it would undoubtedly show 
the real existence of some new force not due to muscular exertion. 

“The other experiment was made with an accordion imprisoned in a. drum-shaped cage 
of Mr. Crookes’ own invention, the cage being made of lathes of wood and copper-wire, to 
prevent access from outside; but this cago was placed beneath the table, and though 
Sergeant Cox and Mr. Crookes both seemed to have watched it there, and to have taken 
what they believed to be very careful guarantees that Mr. Home was not juggling, there 
ean hanlly be so much confidence placed in the reality of the facts asserted as in the case of 
the lever experiment. The cage was so made as to surround. the accordion entirely, but 
not quite to. touch the top of the table, leaving space to admit of Mr. Home's hands so far 
as to enable him to hold the accordion by the top. ‘The observers on each side kept their 
feet on Mr, Home's feet to prevent. any use of them, and one of Mr. Home's hands was 
placed on the table, and carefully observed, the other at first held tho accordion by the tops 
but the rest of the accordion was completely inside the cage, so as to be inaccessible. Held 
in this position, the accordion first. began to vibrate and then to play tunes inside the engo. 
Mr. Crookes avers that he put his hand on that hand of Mr. Homo which held the instru- 
ment, and that he found it remained absolutely still at the very moment the instrument was 
plivinz. Nay, he asserts, as we have already stated, that when Mr. Home removed his 
hand altogether, and put. both of them above the table, the accordion continued to float 
and play tunes inside the cage with no apparent support.” 

The frets stated in regard to this last experiment. are attested by Mr. Crookes 
and Sergeant Cox. Dr. Huggins, however, is more cautious, He says his position 
at the table did not. permit him to be a witness of the withdrawal of Mr. Home's 
hand. althought the thet was stated at the time by the other gentlemen. He thinks 
the experiments of sufficient importance to warrant further investigation, and ex- 
presses no opinion regarding the cause of the phenomena, The other gentlemen 
do not accept the theory of spiritual agency, but they appear to be convinced of 
the existence of a toree, * hitherto undefined, proceeding directly from the nervous 
system off specially constituted persons, and excited independently of the museular 
system.” They call this foree * psyeieli," and with that vague description of it they 
are for the present fain to rest content, But as the experiments will probably be 
continued, they may lead to a scientific discovery that shall give a satisfaetory ex- 
planation of the phenomena which have heretofore so puzzled all classes of investi- 
gators. A creat difliculty has been the general suspicion of fraud, but the measures 
tiken by the London savans seem to free the experiments from that disturbing 


influence. ] 


Prof. Crookes, the eminent chemist, Dr. Huggins, the equally em- 
inent astronomer, and Sergeant Cox of the English Bar, are making 
eareful examinations of the extraordinary phenomena produced hy 
Home, the medium. They have not completed their investigations, 
but are satisfied of the immense scientific importance of the subject ; 
both Crookes and Cox seem to be convinced of the existence of a 
‘nerve atmosphere’ of various intensity enveloping the human 
structure. Dr. Huggins has not been able to satisfy his mind, and 
wants to make further experiments. I read the foregoing item of 
foreign news with considerable interest, yet I do not know how far it 


Nerve Atmosphere. 407 


is founded on fact, but feel inclined to believe it, because I think it 
is in the line or direction for light; it suggests a field for science to 
explore, and where I feel convinced science will stay when it has 
entered it. 

I will make this item of intelligence an apology for saying a word 
or two, if not directly on the subject suggested by the title, will have 
some bearing on it, and on the scientific investigation of spiritual phe- 
nomena in general. “Nature and science" would perhaps be a better 
caption, but I propose to be too brief for so comprehensive a title. 

Nature is God speaking to man. We may say, and not inappro- 
priately, Nature is his written word,— the true Bible. The intellect 
of man groans to-day under the human definitions of this all anima- 
ting voice of God, — Nature. Science is Nature's interpreter — the 
translator if you please, of God's voice and word. Here also the in- 
tellect of man groans under the definitions of science. 

To a thoughtful man there is nothing more self-evident than the 
unity of truth. God's voice is truth spoken. Science is truth under- 
stood. It is an axiom in mathematics, that when two quantities are 
equal to the same sum they are equal to each other. If there is a 
higher subject to which the rule is applicable, we may apply it to our 
proposition, and say, hence God, is Science. I see no objection to 
that, for it is as logical as the well-known platonism, “In the begin- 
ning was the word, and the word was with God, and the word was 
God." I like the Koranic form better,—— thus: “There is one God, 
oh! Children of Men, and Science is his prophet." 

Religion and science then can never conflict. Where there is con- 
flict there is error. How important then it is to discriminate between 
the exponents of religion and religion. And also to discriminate 
between the exponents of science and science. ‘The world’s turmoils 
are in the definitions,— the priest mistaking his own voice for the 
voice of God; and the scientist mistaking his conclusions (some- 
times) for science. 

It is very encouraging to find the free religionist growing modest 
with his experience. The more rationalism the less dogmatism. 
Compare the liberal thought with the evangelical, and the differenco 
in this particu]ar is marked indeed. It is very pleasant also to read 
in the records of Science words like these, which we quote from Prof. 
Tyndall. He is speaking of the origin of matter, its whence, and who 
or what divided it into molecules, and says; “Science is mute in 
reply to these questions. But if the materialist is confounded, and 
Science rendered dumb, who else is prepared with a solution? To 


108 The Spiritual Analyst. 


whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed? Let us lower our 


heads and acknowledge our ignorance, priest and philosopher, one 
and all.” 

It is this freedom from assumption, more manifest in liberal thought 
than in evangelical, and cropping out now and then (as in this Tyn- 
dallism which I have quoted) from the exponents of Science, that 
makes me feel as if we were getting near the Kingdom of Heaven, or 
nearer than we were once. There is a noticable disposition in this ra- 
tionalistic age to give Truth the precedence of Scripture, which means 
simply, Science before Revelation (7) It is a white letter day in the 
world's calendar, when a man can criticize matters chronicly and 
chronically sacred, and on which priestcraft has put its tag, “please 
not handle.” 

In one sense this triumph of Science over Faith has cast a shadow 
in the human heart; for the life after this, such as it was, died with 
the Bible. Science killed two birds with one shot; true, the life 
expectant after this, was not very inviting, and attended with awful 
risks; yet who does not linger, at least in thought, with regret at 
departing faith, looking in vain to Rationalism and Science for a 
Comforter. Yet the Comforter is in the world, but the world knows 
it not. God has said again, “Let there be light!" and there is light. 
It is, or will be the mission of Science to be its interpreter. The 
light, I need not say to a Spiritualist, is the intelligence from the 
other side, that men who have died, and worms have eaten their 
bodies (but not ¢hem) are alive, and are able to communicate the 
fact to us. If this be as true as it is rational, it is the greatest dis- 
covery that mankind has ever made. 

I have no faith in the analytic powers of the priesthood; they are 
wedded to their idols, leave them alone; they will wake up some 
day and swear they never were asleep; but I do have faith in the 
exponents of Science. It is their duty to reconcile our phenomena 
with Science, or squelch it; to prove it true or put out the light. 
Once they did right, perhaps, to think it a delusion for a day, and 
pass it by; but it has lived and grown for a generation, and a grown 
up one is now receiving it, and it commands attention. It cannot be 
ignored, it fits a place made for it in our mental structure. Calling 
it deception will never make a man give it up, who from his careful 
experience knows better. It is no use with priestcraft to say it is 
the devil deceiving many, for where a devil can find an opening, a 
saint can also. The thoughtful exponents of modern Spiritualism 
do not ask the Scientists to admit its spiritual origin, only its fact, 


Nerve Atmosphere. 409 


and do their best to explain it. With rare exceptions, the scientific 
world has prejudged it, and in interviewing it has generally forgot 
its own method. In the Harvard investigation (?) some years since, 
one of those learned professors said to Allen Putnam, speaking of the 
subject, ^Do you suppose if Providence had a revelation to make, he 
would pass us by (the savans) and give it to such?" Would any one 
after that, have expected a solution? The dignity and modesty of 
Prof. Tyndall in the words already quoted will offset the soft spot at 
Harvard, and a better hour, I think, is drawing nigh. The most 
sensible word on this subject yet uttered by unconverted Science, I 
find in the *Journal of Chemistry," written a year or two ago, after 
the editor had had some experience with Spiritual manifestations. 
Having to admit the fact, if not the claim, he says,——^That enough has 
been observed to lead to the conclusion that there is one power, im- 
pulse or force in Nature, regarding the character of which, mankind 
are totally in the dark, and we venture the opinion that if the phenom- 
ena be ever explained, they will be found to be due to a blending of 
the phycological and the physical of the human organization, acting 
under certain laws entirely dissimilar to any now known or under- 
stood." No thoughtful Spiritualist objects to such a conclusion, for a 
spiritual manifestation would be just such a blending as the editor 
refers to in the remarks quoted. The conclusion that heads this 
article, attributed to the men now investigating the phenomena in 
connection with Dr. Home, is also in the right direction, and with a 
little extension, is quite in the liue of high scientific attainments ; and 
the deep thought and close observation that has given us the latest 
theory of light, may suggest in this *nerve atmosphere" a medium that 
will give us the law and the dynamies of this modern spiritual light. 


PuBLIC OPINION. * Opinion," says Voltaire, “is called the Queen of 
the World, and it is so; for when reason opposes it, it is condemned 
to death. It must rise from its ashes twenty times to gradually drive 
away the usurper, Philo Die.” “Everybody, however, has the right 
to have an opinion, and to deliver it with modesty ; but no one has 
aright to clothe such an opinion in general assertions and terms, 
which seems to insinuate that they are, or ought to be universal." 
(Mrs. Jamison’s “Loves of the Poets.” ) 

Dr. Channing nevertheless acknowledged, *the world is governed 
much more by public opinion, than by laws" — and truthfully 
enough, since sad experiences have proved before and since, the as- 
sertion of Lord Bacon, that * Custom is the drill sergeant of Society." 


~ = e ae -~ $ +44 + <, 
Drc-AXisforie Times. 


atieeitesi teat ott a 00 OOOO Ln TTTTTTTXT TITIO 


“Lost CIVILIZATION IN THE West.” — Under this heading, the Mew 

ork World, July Ath, publishes the following letter. Jt gives the first fruits 
of a promised series, and purports to come from “the borders of Virginia and 
Kentucky.” The prominent facts stated, and leading authorities quoted, are 
sufficiently well known to save it from suspicion ; but the reader would be all 
the more satisfied with the good faith, as well as the general ability of the 
writer, if the name of the individual was given in full. The facts are too im- 
portant, and the discussion is too fundamental to be shadowed by a dubious 
authorship, and we hope the next and subsequent letters of the series, will 
come in the »ame of the author. Meanwhile the following will prove sugges- 
tive, and prompt the curious to seek further and know more about “lost Civili- 
zation in the West,” and elsewhere ; for the question of *Ancipic ” (the cor- 
respondent,) becomes the question of all, wlio, like him, desire to know,— 


* What is American antiquity ? —a question often asked, but seldom answered. 
Let those who would sol ve the problem come westward. Ancient monuments every- 
where abound. From the head springs of the Appalachian range, whence percolates 
a single drop into the great basin of the Mississippi, to the farthest confines of the 
continent, monuments of the unknown past everywhere rise up to mystify the in- 
quirer. Whose works are these? Whence came and whither went the prehistoric 
people who have left the evidences of their numbers, advancement, and power in the 
great valleys ofthe West and South? History is mute, and tradition or legendy song 
impart no reliable information. 

“ These monuments consist of mounds, circumvalations, ramparts, &c. The mounds 
are circular, illipsoidal, square, conical, truncated, and dome-shaped. The mural 
works are circular, square, oblong, irregular, &c. These ancient works are principally 
of earth, although lithic remains are numerous, and are from one to nearly one hun- 
dred feet in height. They occur in valley, hill, and estuary, but abound along the 
higher alluvial of our large rivers and commanding promontories. ‘They are more an- 
cient than the river courses through which the great waters of the West find their 
passage to the Gulf. They are a great mystery — more full of eloquence in their 
sepulchral silence than the grandest medizval ruins or the finest monuments of pre- 
historie periods in the old world. 

*[ propose a few hurried observations on this branch of American archeology, 
which will not be uninteresting to your more cultivated readers, especially as a de- 
partment of American antiquities is to constitute one of the attractive features of the 
new museum in the Park. 

“At the point where the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad strikes the Ohio River, 
stands upon a high plain a huge monument of the past. This is the celebrated Grave 
Creek Mound, so carefully described by Schoolcraft, De Hass, and other well known 
authorities in American arch:eolgy. This mound is seventy feet in perpendicular 
height, and a handsome cone slightly truncated. 

** This mound was excavated in 1838 by the proprietors, Messrs. Tomlinson, and 


Pre-IIistoric Times. 411 


revealed numerous interesting relics. The excavations consisted of a drift from the 
eastern base to centre — 111 feet — thence by a shaft to the summit. Some inter- 
esting features were revealed by these cuttings. A vault or chamber was discovered 
at the base, containing two human skeletons in tolerable preservation, and numereus 
bone, and shell beads, perforated shells, stone ornaments, &c. A second chamber 
was re-opened thirty-five above the lower, which contained a single human frame, 
with many articles of personal ornament — five copper wristlets, beads, shells, &c. 
But a more important discovery than all these was a small sandstone pebble, contain- 
ing twenty-three distinct characters and one ideographic sign. ‘This discovery was 
made June 9, 1838. The discovery at the time attracted no very marked attention. 

* Dr. Townsend, a prominent physician of Whecling, visited the mound, and 
described the result of his visit in an elaborate paper to the Cincinnati Chronicle 
(the old Chronicle edited by E. D. Mansfield). Dr. Clemens. a leading physician 
of Wheeling, also communicated an account of the mound to Dr. Morton, of Phila- 
delphia, who referred to it in his Cronica Americana. Mr. Schoolcraft visited the 
locality aud spent several days in tbe summer of 1843, collecting all the facts 
bearing upon the discovery. The result of his visit was given in a lengthy report 
to the American Ethnological Society, and published in the second volume 
of its transactions. These American papers elicited the attention of European 
savans. Professor Rathn, of Copenhagen, prepared and published an elaborate 
view of the character of the inscription. Baron Jomard, the only surviving mem- 
ber of the scientific corps which accompanied Napoleon to Egypt, read before the 
institute several memoirs on the subject of the inscription. Sir J. Alexander, of 
London, and several other learned investigators also examined the claims of this 
important discovery. Opinions differed as to the true character of the inscription. 
Professor Rafhn made them Celtiberian; Baron Jomard was inclined to regard 
them as Libyan, &e. Mr. Svhoolcraft, Professor Marsh, and several other distin- 
guished scholars inclined to a Phenician origin. Thus matters rested up to 1858, 
when a captious writer, in a spirit of pique toward Mr. Schoolcraft, ventured a 
question of authenticity. 

“ The late Rev. Dr. Hawkes, Mr. Folsom, and other active members of the Ethno- 
logical and Historical societies, with the view of settling the question of authentic- 
ity, invited Dr. Wills De Hass to prepare a full account of the discovery and read 
the same before the Ethnological. This was done at a special meeting convened 
at the house of the president, Mr. Folsom. "The evidence adduced in support of 
the claims of the inscription was complete and overwhelming. From a report of 
the proceedings, in the New York Æerald, March 14, 1858, we find that Mr. 
Squier, who had raised a quibble, and has since attempted to question the discov- 
ery, said: ‘He disclaimed any personal knowledge upon the subject. He had 
wished for the facts in the case, and now that Dr. De Hass had with care and in- 
dustry collected the facts, he was happy to receive them, and willingly say that 
the point was clearly established that Dr. Clemens did communicate to Dr. Mor- 
ton an account of the inscription stone found at Grave Creek. He closed by mov- 
ing a vote of thanks to Dr. De Hass for his paper.’ I may say that the facts of 
the discovery have never been controverted. The truth of the inscription is as un- 
deniable as the mound itself. Numerous instances of the discovery of ancient ehar- 
acters over the country are on record. I cannot, however, at this time further 
examine the question. 

* Descending the Ohio we meet with monumental remains in almost every bend 


412 The Spiritual Analyst. 


of La Melle Riviere. At Murietta nre extensive remains, while modern civilization 
lias destroyed some of the moxt Interesting. Louis Philippe, while in exile, visited 
these works and made sketelies of them. He spoke of his visit to General Cass, 
(who had lived at Marietta,) while minister to St. Cloud. On the extensive allu- 
vial below Little Kanawha are mounds, walls, &e. Blennerhassett Island, celebrated 
in history and romance, greets the eye of the voyager; but, alas, almost every ves- 
tive of thy hospitable home of the unhappy exile has disappaared, On the broad 
nand rock skirting the Virginia shore, near Bullington Island, are extensive sculp- 
tured remains — animals, reptiles, Xe. Some of them have been carefully copied, 
and illustrate my portlolio.— We pass on down to the Great Kanawha, the locale 
of an. event of grent historie importance, At this. point, October, 10, 1774, was 
fought the opening battle of the Revolution. To-morrow, June 17, is popularly 
supposed to be the anniversary of the opening battle at Lexington, but. the facts 
of history disprove the clim. 

‘Phis part of the valley is rich in antiquarian remains, T havo just examined 
at. the mouth of Sandy, the division between Virginia and Kentucky, some inter- 
esting relies taken from an ancient burial place on the south side of the river, near 
(he point of union with the Ohio, Numerous remains of art and industry have 
been discovered at this point. Interment in the case referred to had been made in 
a stone-lined cist, sandstone slabs placed edgewise, and cased in by a large flat 
stone, The articles recovered consist of a vase, sandstone pipes, copper and bone 
beads, shell and bone implements and ornaments, celts, flints, &. Tho vase is 
coarse pottery, without ornamentation, sun. dried, and holds about one quart. Tt 
had clearly been buried with viands to support the departed on the way to the 
spirit land. The pipes are ornamented by did. 4 ‘The other relics are alike in- 
teresting, and all belong to the polished stone ave.’ 


Tur MINISTRATION OF Speirs must continue to educate the scopti- 
cal and console the disponding, for according to Dr. Hallock, “ each 
age as scence has grown stronger, faith in. the ancient established 
dogmas of so-called revealed. religion has grown weaker. When 
such a man as Renan, a clever young Jew, could patronize Jesus, 
and tell us that medical science can name the disease which mado 
the fortunes of Mahomet, and the celebrity of Jesus, what was there 
left in which the rational mind could find a faith in or a hope for the 
future. The advent of Spiritualism filled tho want, for the facts it 
presented commended themselves to the rational minds of all men 
and women." 


“Poo "lins" Some folks are in the habit of going it “rathor 
strong,” and putting it on rather Mick; but the following tends to 
the opposite extremity: “Leaving Constantinople,” writes Dio Lewis, 
in an essay on dress, “let us visit the old-time fashionable social gath- 
ering in Vienna. Women enter the ball-room, They are dre 
in gauze so thin that you can seo their skins all over their persons." 
Doctor this is too thin. 


Rain Upon the Roof. 413 


RAIN UPON THE ROOF. 


In singing the following life lines and memory eclioes, Reformers 
and Spiritualists generally use the music of James G. Clark, boliev- 
ing it to be best adupted to the measure and sentiment of the poem. 

fed. 

WueEN the humid shadows hover : 

Over all the starry spheres, 
And the melancholy darkness 

Gently weeps in rainy tears, 
"lis a joy to press the pillow 

Of a cottage chamber bed, 
And to listen to the patter 

Of the soft rain overhead. 


Every tinkle on the shingles 
Has an echo in the heart; 
And a thousand dreamy fancies 
Into busy being start, 
And a thousand recollections 
Weave their bright rays into woof, 
As I listen to the patter 
Of the rain upon the roof. 


Now in fancy comes my mother, 
As she used to, years agone, 
To survey her darling dreamers, 
Ere she left them till the dawn. 
Oh, I sce her bending o'er me 
As I list to this refrain 
Which is played upon the shingles . 
By the patter of the rain. 


‘Then my little seraph sister, 
With her wings and waving hair, 
And her bright-eyed cherub brother — 
A serene, angelic pair — 
Glide around my wakeful pillow 
With their praise or mild reproof, 
As I listen to the murmur 
Of the soft rain on the roof. 


And another comes to thrill me 
With her cyes’ delicious bluc, - 


> 


r a ean M. ncm LÀ d —-— los 1. A A 


414 The Spiritual Analyst. 


And forget I, gazing on her, 
That her heart was all untrue. 

I remember but to love her 
With a rapture kin to pain, 

And my heart’s quick pulses vibrate 
To the patter of the rain. 


There is naught in Art's bravuras 
That can work with such a spell 
In the spirit’s pure, deep fountains, 
Whence the holy passions well, 
As that melody of Nature, 
That subdued, subduing strain 
Which is played upon the shingles 
Dy the patter of the rain. 


SriRITUAL HEALTH.—If talking, writing and much paradoxical preaching 
can put the new Wine of Science into the “old bottles," of Theology, 
Henry Ward Beecher is sure to do it ; for in the pulpit, paper and lecture 
room ;— in season, and owf of season, he is constantly laboring to that 
end. Here is his newest point to an old issue: the theology of which is 
more Japan than Christian; when read in the light of ecclesiastical 
history. Theology apart. however, the sentiment and sense is good, and 
worthy of all commendation. It comes from the Christian Uxioz, and 
says:— 

Modern thought tends to limit the freedom of the human will. That it 
will deny that freedom altogether, is the apprehension of many religious 
men. We do not share the apprehension. But we accept it as a fact that 
men's conduct is largely determined by circumstances over which they 
have no immediate control. And the fact has a most important bearing 
on religion, not only as to its abstract conceptions, but as to its practical 
methods. * * * * The body is to be cultivated for the sake of the 
soul. Spiritual health needs physical health as its foundation. "The want 
of pkysical health makes men peevish, indolent, selfish. By it their spir- 
itual facilities are clogged. Through it they most easily fall into the habit 
of self-regard, which is the worst foe of nobility in character. It hurts their 
usefulness, and it tends to transmit all its evils to another generation. To 
remove the source of such mischiefs, or, better still, to prevent it, is 
true Christian work. The physician, who, by curing men’s bodies, helps 
their souls, is as much a Christian worker as the pastor. And men must 
be taught to guard themselves in this respect. They must be taught that 
it is as much sin to enfeeble the body by overwork, or by neglect, as to 
impair it by strong drink. 


Illumination; or, The Sleep-Waker. 4195 


ILLUMINATION; or, THE SLEEP-WAKER. 
BY HEINRICH ZOCHOKKE. 


FRAGMENTS FROM HORTENSIA’S CONVERSATIONS. 


TuHroucu the sedulous and tender care of the Count, it came to 
pass that I no longer saw Hortensia while awake, to which I had 
myself little inclination, and did not even learn what she thought 
about me, although I might easily have imagined the whole of that. 
The most inflexible order reigned in the house. The Count had 
resumed his authority. No one presumed any more to take part 
with Hortensia, against either the Count or myself, since it was 
known that she would become an informer against herself and all her 
accomplices. 

Thus, I never saw my miraculous beauty, except in those brief 
moments, when, exalted above herself, she seemed some being from 
another world. But these moments were among the most solemn, 
often the most exciting of my singular life. Hortensia's indescribable 
personal charms were heightened by a mingled expression of tender 
innocence and angelic enthusiasm. The strictest propriety marked 
her whole deportment. Truth and goodness only were upon her lips; 
and although her eyes, by which generally the disposition is most 
easily betrayed, were closed, we could read the gentlest change of 
emotion in the fine play of her features, no less than in the manifold 
intonations of her voice. 

What she spake of the past, tho present, and the future,— so far 
her keen seer-like vision extended, — excited our wonder, sometimes 
through the peculiarity of her views, and sometimes because of their 
incomprehensible nature. Concerning the How? of these things 
she could furnish us no explanation, notwithstanding I at times 
besought it, and she exerted herself on that account in long reflec- 
tions. She knew, by actual inspection, as she said, all the internal 
parts of her body, the position of the larger and smaller intestines, 
the bony structure and the branchings of the nerves and muscles ; 
she could perceive the same things in me, or any one to whom I gave 
my hand. Although she was a well-instructed woman, she possessed 
no knowledge of the structure of the human body, or only such as 
was of the most confused and superficial kind. I had to tell her the 

.names of many things which she saw and accurately described ; 
whilst she, on the other hand, corrected iny representations when 
they were erroneous. 


uM a t oes xn 


116 The Spiritual Analyst. 


Chiefly was I attracted by her revelations of the secrets of our life ; 
for the inexplicable nature of her own condition the oftenest led me 
to inquiries upon this subject. I made a minute, every time I left her, 
of the substance of her replies, though it is probable I lost much of 
what she furnished me by means of unintelligible phrases and figures. 

I will not here detail all that she said at different times, but only 
detached sentences, and I will arrange iu better order what she 
revealed concerning many things that struck my sympathy or love of 
tlic curious. 

As I once remarked to her that she lost much in not being able to 
remember, during her natural waking state, what she saw, thought, 
and said during her illuminated states, she answered: “She loses 
nothing; for the earthly waking is only a part of her life adapted to 
certain specific ends, and is a mere narrow, external existence. But 
in the true, unlimited, inward, pure life, she is quite as conscious 
of what passes in that state as she is of what passes in her waking 
state. 

"The inward pure life and consciousness proceeds, as with all 
mankind, without interruption, even in the deepest swoon as in the 
deepest slumber, which is only another sort of swoon excited by some 
other cause. In sleep, as in a swoon, the soul withdraws its activity 
from the external organs of sense, back into the spirit. Man is con- 
scious of himself, even when he seems externally, — because the 
un-souled senses are silent, — utterly unconscious. 

^When thou art suddenly aroused into wakefulness from deep 
sleep, à dim remembrance will hover before thee, as of something 
that thou thought'st of while awake, or, as thou supposest, hast 
dreamed of; yet thou knowest not what it may have been. The 
sleep-waker is sunk in the fast sleep of the external senses: he hears 
and sees without ears or eyes: yet he is perfectly conscious of himself, 
and considers accurately what he thinks, speaks, or undertakes, 
whilst he remembers just as accurately whatever relates to his ordi- 
nary waking, even to the place in which he may have stuck a pin. 

"The external and limited life may suffer its interruptions and 
pauses, but the real inward consciousness has no pauses, and requires 
none. 

“The Sick One is well aware that now she seems more perfect to 
thee, oh Emanuel, but her spiritual and mental powers are not more 
exalted or noble than at other times, but are simply less constrained , 
and crippled by the limitations of the external senses. An excellent 
mechanic works imperfectly with imperfect instruments. Even the 


Illumination; or, The Sleep-Waker. 417 


most flexible human language is gross and unwieldy, because it can 
neither represent all the peculiarities of thought and feeling, nor the 
quick mutation and play of images, but only particular links in a 
continuous and sweeping chain of ideas. 

*In the pure life, although the external senses are inactive, there 
is a more perfect and exact remembrance of the past, than in the 
earthly waking. For in the ordinary waking state, the universe 
streams in through the open door of the perceptions with violent and 
almost overwhelming force. It is on that account, as thou knowest, 
Emanuel, that during our natural state, we seek solitude and still- 
ness, and draw ourselves in, as it were, from the external world, 
wishing to hear and see nothing, when we would give ourselves up 
to deep or earnest thinking. The further the spirit is from external 
life, the nearer it approaches its pure condition, — the more it is 
separated from sensuous activities, the clearer and surer it thinks. 
We know that many remarkable conceptions come to us in that state 
between sleeping and waking, when the gates to the outward world 
are half closed and the life of the spirit remains undisturbed by 
foreign influences. 

“Sleep is not a suspension of the perfectly self-conscious life; but 
the earthly waking may be regarded as such a suspension, or rather 
as a limitation of the higher life. For, while in our waking state, the 
activity of the senses can manifest itself only in prescribed paths and 
limits, and, on the other side, the charms of the external world 
absorb us too exclusively, — while, furthermore, in the earthly 
waking, the attention of the spirit is distracted and drawn to every 
external part for the preservation of the body, — the remembrances 
of its purer life vanish. Yes, Emanuel, sleep is peculiarly the full 
wakefulness of the spirit; the earthly wakefulness is like a slumber 
or torpor of the spirit. Earthly sleep is a spiritual going down of the 
sun from the outward world, but a clearer rising of the sun upon the 
inward world. 

“Yet, even amid the perturbations of the earthly waking, we have 
at times faint gleams of another life that we have lived, we know not 
when or where. So we see from the summit of a mountain, in a 
summer night, the rore or after shine of a sun and a day, which 
exists not for us, but which sheds its effulgence on other portions of 
the globe. How miraculously swift, often, in extraordinary junctures 
of events, do appropriate thoughts and resolves occur to us without 
previous consideration or reflection! We know not whence they 
spring. No dependence can be discovered between our previous ideas 


TES The Spiritual Analyst. 


and these sudden and all-eontrolling suggestions. Men aro accus- 
tomed to say, Sit was a good Spirit or Divinity that inspired mo with 
such and such a thought. At other times, we see and hear in our 
daily routine of life something that appears already to have takon 
plaice just in the same way, yet we cannot fathom how, when or 
Where, and we are inclined to imagine it somo miraculous repetition 
or resemblance from the region of dreams. 

"It is not, — itis not extraordinary, Emanuel, that our conscious 
being never ends, — that, whether wo wake or sleep, it is ever 
hastening on — for how can what is over cease to bo ? But wonderful 
is tho mutation, the ebb and flow, the intricate interchange of lifo 
from the inner to the outer and from the outer to the inner worlds. 

“The spirit clothed by the soul, as the sun is by its world-penctrat- 
ing rays, may subsist without a body, as the sun might without other 
heavenly bodies. But these other worlds would be dead without tho 
sun, and run loose in their orbits; so the Body is dust without the 
Soul, 

“The body has its own life, as every plant has, yet natural. vitality 
ean only first bo awaked by the spirit. The former is regulated and 
moved according to its own laws, independent of tho soul. Without 
our will or conscience, and without the will or conscience of the 
body, it grows, digests its food, allows the blood to circulate, and 
eflects its thousand-fold transmutations. It inhales and exhales breath, 
and it takes in from, and gives out to, the ocean of the air its many 
invisible means of sustenance. But, like vegetation, it is dependent 
upon the external matter upon which it is nourished. Lts condition 
changes every day and night like the condition of the meanest flower : 
it grows and it decays; and its energies consume themselves as an 
invisible fire that ever demands fresh support. 

"Only by an adequate fulness of its vegetative vitality is the body 
adapted for an intimate union with the soul; as otherwise it is of a 
nature heterogeneous to the soul. When the strength of the body is 
consumed or exhausted, the spiritual life withdraws itself from tho 
external parts to the internal. That wo name sleep, or the suspension 
of the sensuous activity. The soul enters again into union with the 
external parts, as soon as the powers of tho vegetativo lifo. have been 
restored. It is not tho spirit which is fatigued?und exhausted, but tho 
body — it is not the spirit that is made strong through rest, but the 
body. Thus, there is a perpetual ebb and flow, a streaming back and 
forth of the spiritual essence within us, almost simultancously with 
the change of day and night. 


ry 


" =e oe ——— 


Illumination; or, The Sleep-Waker. 419 


“For tho greater part of our existence we are awako externally — 
we must be — inasmuch as the body was given us as the condition of 
our activity on earth, The body and its impulsos give a determinate 
direction to our activity. How gront, how wonderful aro these ordi- 
nations of God! 

“With ago, tho body loses the ability to re-establish its vitality to 
a degree sufliciont to maintain the inward union of all its parts with 
the soul. Tho organs, formerly pliant and flexible, stiffen and become 
useless to the Spirit. The soul retreats into the Innermost. The 
inward activity of the Spirit continues until everything hinders its 
union with the body, which only takes place through tho withering 
influence of old age, or disense. Tho loosing of the Spirit from the 
body is the restoration of tho former to freedom. It makes itself 
known not unfrequently by foresights, the hour of death, and other 
prophetic anticipations. 

“The healthier the body, the more intimately tho soul enters into 
union with all its parts, and the moro perfect the union, the less 
capable the soul is of prophecy, except that in moments of extraordi- 
nary enthusiasm tho Spirit seems to be able to break its fetters. Then 
it becomes a seer of futurity. 

“The withdrawal of the soul from the external world gives rise to 
a peculiar phenomenon in nature. It is dreaming. On going to sleep, 
it is induced by a mingling of tho last impression on tho senses with 
tho first motions of the free inward life: and on awakening, it gilds 
tho last ray of tho inner world with the first beams of tho outer world. 
It is hard to distinguish what properly belongs to cach of these ; and 
dreaming is for that reason an instructive subject to study. That the 
Spirit, in its moro inward life, should occupy itself with what was 
pleasing to it in its outward life, may throw some light upon the 
movements of the sleep-waker. If the sleop-waker, when his outward 
senses are again opened, remembers nothing of what he did in his 
extraordinary state, it will all come to him in his dreams. ‘Thus 
much may be brought from the consciousness of tho inner to that of 
the outer world. Tho Dream is the natural mediator or bridge 
between the inner and outer life.” 


` CHANGES, 


These are, perhaps, the most striking thoughts to which she gave 
utterance, either of her own accord, or under the prompting of 


*questions from us; not in the order, it must be confessed, in which 


420 The Spiritual Analyst. 


they are here placed, yet with a great deal of fidelity as to the manner 
of the utterance. It is out of my power to repeat much that she 
said, since, unconnected with the circumstances of the conversation, 
it would lose the subtlety of meaning that it often possessed. And 
some of it was wholly unintelligible. 

]t was an oversight of mine, too, that I failed to lead her mind 
back when in the proper mood to the consideration of the things that 
were obscure to me. For I had soon observed that she did not see 
and speak with equal clearness during all her different states of 
illumination ; that she gradually began to weary of conversation on 
these topics, and finally, ceased from it altogether, speaking almost 
exclusively of her domestic affairs and the condition of her health. 
The latter, she repeatedly assured us, was growing better, although, 
for a long while, we could discover no signs of the amendment. She 
continued, as before, to prescribe what she ought to eat and drink 
while awake, and what in other respects would be good or hurtful 
for her. To every kind of drug she manifested strong aversion, whilst, 
on the other hand, she required a cold-bath every day, which in the 
end was followed by sea-baths. With the approach of spring-time, 
her trances became shorter. 

But this is by no means the place for me to give the details of 
Hortensia's illness ; so, let me state in brief, that in seven months 
after my advent, she was sufficiently recovered to enable her, not only 
to receive the visits of strangers, but to reciprocate them, and even 
to go to balls, to the theatre, and to church, though only for a little 
while at a time. The Count was quite out of his head with joy. His 
daughter was oppressed with the richest presents, while he led her a 
round of the most diverting and expensive entertainments. Related 
to some of the best families of Venice, and on account of his wealth, 
no less than the charms of his daughter, courted by all, their daily 
life seemed to be hardly less than one continuous festival. : 

Made sad by the affliction of Hortensia, and kept in a state of 
constant anxiety and vigilance by the wonderful phenomena con- 
nected with it, he had hitherto lived the life of a recluse. His inter- 
course with mankind had been almost confined to myself, whilst his 
want of firmness, coupled with my influence over Hortensia and the 
half-superstitious respect for my person it had inspired, had allowed 
him to be readily governed by my directions. -In fact, he submitted 
to me almost implicitly, and obeyed my wishes with a subservience 
that was disagreeable, though I never abused my power. 

Now he changed his position towards me, as soon as tlie recovery . 


Illumination; or, The Sleep-Waker. 421 


of Hortensia, and a mind free from care, vouchsafed the long-postponed 
enjoyment of a round of brilliant pleasures. "True, I still kept pos- 
session of the management of his affairs, which he had formerly 
relinquished to me either in excessive confidence or for convenience 
sake ; but he wished that I should conduct his business under some 
name or other, whilst in his service. Then, as I confirmed my resolu- 
tion, not to become a recipient of his bounty, in anyway, but remain 
steadfast to the original terms under which I had engaged, he seemed 
to make a virtue of the necessity. He gave me out to the Venitians 
as a friend ; yet his pride would not allow his friend to be a mere 
commoner ; and so he reported me everywhere as a scion of the best 
and purest German nobility. At the outset I strove against this lie, 
but was forced to give in to the entreaties of his weakness. Thus I 
shone in the circles of the Venitians, none of which dared to repulse 
me. True, the Count still remained my friend, as formerly ; but not 
so much as formerly, since I was no longer his only one. We lived 
no more, as once, exclusively with and for each other. 

But more worthy of remark was the transformation of Hortensia 
as she grew better. In her moments of trance, as ever, she was most 
gracious ; but her hatred and repugnance, during the rest of the day, 
seemed gradually to vanish. Through the warnings of her father, 
probably, or moved by her own feelings of gratitude, she constrained 
herself from offending me either by look or word. It was granted 
me, from time to time, though only for a few moments, to pay a most 
respectful visit to her, as an inmate of the house, a friend of the 
Count's, a veritable physician. I could, before long, even without 
incurring the danger of arousing her wrath, betake myself to the 
companies where she was. Yes, so far did she carry this constraint 
or habit, that she could suffer me with indifference at the same table 
with her, when the Count ate alone or gave a dinner-party. But I 
always saw her pride gleaming through her condescension, and 
beyond what decency and ordinary politeness demanded, I seldom 
got a word from her. 

As to myself, though I felt more comfortable on account of my 
greater freedom, my life was, after all, but half enjoyed. The diver- 
sions into which I was attracted, pleased me, without adding to my 
contentment. I longed often, in the midst of the whirl, for a solitude, 
which was better adapted to me. It was also an unalterable deter- 
mination of mine, to recover my former state of freedom as soon as 
the restoration of the Countess should be completed. I longed intensely 
for that moment to arrive. For I felt but too deeply, that the passion 

3 


422 The Spiritual Analyst. 


with which the beauty of Hortensia had inflamed me, might become 
my misery. I had battled against it, and the pride, as well as the 
aversion of Hortensia, had lightened the struggle. Against her pride 
of birth, as a noble, I had set my self-respect as a citizen, and to her 
wicked persecutions, the consciousness of my innocence and her 
ingratitude. Were there moments, in which the grace of her person 
impressed me — and who could remain unmoved by so many charms ? 
— there were many other moments in which her offensive deportment 
inspired the deepest aversion. It filled my heart with a bitterness 
fast verging upon positive hatred. Her indifference towards me was 
as strong a proof of the thanklessness of her unimpressible disposition 
as her former repugnance. I avoided Hortensia in the end more 
vigilantly than she did me, and, let her look at me'with never so 
much indifference, she must have seen, in my whole treatment of her, 
how great was my contempt. 

Thus had the relations between us all been gradually, and strangely 
enough, changed during Hortensia’s recovery. I had no deeper wish 
than to be speedily released from obligations which gave me little 
joy, and no better consolation, than that the moment that Hortensia 
should be perfectly restored, would render my person superfluous. 


PRINCE CARLO. 

Among those who were bound the most intimately to us in Venice, 
was a young and wealthy man, who received the title of Prince from 
one of the leading Italian families. I will call him Carlo. He was of 
agreeable form, and fine manners, intellectual, facile, and captivating. 
The restlessness of his features, and the fiery gleam of his eye, 
betrayed an excitable disposition. He maintained an extravagant 
style, and was more vain than proud. He had once passed some time 
in the military service of France. Weary of that, he was minded to 
visit the most attractive cities and courts of Europe. A chance 
acquaintance which he happened to form with Count Von Hormegg, 
fixed him longer, than lay in his original plan, at Venice. For he 
had seen Hortensia, and enlisted himself in the multitude of her 
worshippers. Soon he seemed to have forgotten everything else in the 
conquest of her. 

His rank, his wealth, his countless and splendid retinue, and his 
pleasing exterior, flattered Hortensia's pride and self-love. Without 
distinguishing him from the others by any special favor, she gladly 
saw him in her train. A single confidential, friendly look, was suf- 
ficient to raise the boldest hopes in him. 


——— 


Illumination; or, The Sleep-Waker. 423 


The old Count Von Hormegg, no less flattered by the Prince’s 
solicitations, met them half way, preferred him over all, and soon 
changed a mere acquaintance into a hearty commerce. I doubted not 
for a moment that the Count had in his own mind elected the Prince 
for his son-in-law. Only Hortensia’s sickness, and a fear of her freaks, 
appeared to prevent both the father and lover from more open 
declarations. 

The Prince, in confidential conversations with the Count, had 
heard of Hortensia’s illuminations. He was inflamed with a curiosity 
to see her in her extraordinary state ; and the Countess, who well 
knew that this state was far from being disadvantageous to her, gave 
him, what she had hitherto denied to every stranger, permission to 
be present during such an hour. 

He came one afternoon when we knew Hortensia was about to sink 
into this remarkable sleep ; for she always announced it in the pre- 
ceding trance. I cannot deny that I felt a slight touch of jealousy as 
the Prince entered the room. Hitherto I had been the happy one to 
whom the Countess, in her wonderful exaltations, had chiefly shown 
her grace and beauty. 

Carlo approached lightly over the soft carpet, moving on tip-toe. 
He believed that she really slumbered, as her eyes were closed. 
Trepidation and delight were expressed in his features, as he gazed 
on the charming figure, which showed something beyond the reach 
of art in all its fine proportions. 

Hortensia at length began to speak. She conversed with me in her 
usual affectionate expressions. I was again, as ever, her Emanuel, 
whose will and thoughts governed her whole being; a language 
which sounded not very agreeably to the Prince, and which to me 
had never been flattering. Hortensia, however, appeared to become 
restless and anxious. She asserted several times that she felt pain, 
though she could not tell on what account. I motioned to the Prince 
that he should extend me his hand. Scarcely had he done so, than 
Hortensia, shuddering violently, cried out, “How cold! Away with 
that goat there! He offends me!” She was seized with convulsions, 
which she had not had fora long time. Carlo was obliged hastily 
to leave the room. He was quite beside himself with terror. After 
some time, Hortensia recovered from her cramps. “Never bring that 
impure creature to me again,” said shie. 

This accident, which even alarmed me, produced unpleasant effects. 
The Prince regarded me from this moment as his rival, and conccived 
a great hatred toward me. The Count Von Hormegg, who allowed 


424 The Spiritual Analyst. 


himself to be entirely led by him, appeared to become suspicious of 
Hortensia’s feelings. The mere thought that the inclination of the 
Countess might turn to me, was insupportable to his pride. Both the 
Prince and Count concurring more firmly among themselves, kept 
me at a greater distance froin the Countess, except during the time 
of her miraculous sleeps ; agreed upan the marriage, and the Count 
opened the wishes of the Prince to his daughter. She, although 
flattered by the attentions of the Prince, demanded permission to 
reserve her declaration till the complete restoration of her health. 
Carlo, in the meanwhile, was generally regarded as the betrothed of 
the Countess. He was her constant attendant, and she was the queen 
of all his fetes. 

] soon remarked that I began to be superfluous— that with Hor- 
tensia's recovery I had sunk into my original nothingness. My former 
discontent returned, and nothing made my situation supportable, 
but that Hortensia, not only in her transfigurations, but soon, also, 
when out of them, did me justice. Not only was her old aversion 
toward me gone over into indifference, but in the same degree as her 
bodily health returned, this indifference changed itself into a consid- 
erate, deferential respect; to an affable friendliness, such as one is 
accustomed to from the higher to the lower, or toward persons whom 
one sees daily, who belong to the household, and to whom one feels 
indebted for the services they perform. She treated me as if I were 
really her physician, — willingly asked my advice, my permission, 
when it concerned any enjoyment or pleasure ; fulfilled punctually 
my directions, and could conquer herself to such a degree as to leave 
the dance so soon as the hour arrived which I had fixed for her. It 
came to me sometimes, as if the influence of my will had in part 
passed over to her waking state, since it began to act more weakly 
over her soul during her illuminations. 


THE DREAMS. 


Thus Hortensia’s pride, obstinacy, and ill-humor, passed gradually 
away like evil spirits. Almost as amiable in her deportment, as during 
the time of her raptures, she fettered me no less by her external 
beauty, than by her love, patience, and grateful kindness. 

All this made my misery. How could I, daily witness of so many 
perfections, remain indifferent? I wished most earnestly that she 
might, as of old, despise, wound, and persecute me, that I might the 
more easily scparate from her, and be able to despise her in return. 


— 


i 


Illumination: or, Th2 Sleep-Waker. 425 


Put that was now impossible. I again adored her. I pined away in 
iny passion, silently and without hope. I knew beforehand, that my 
future separation from her would lead me to the grave. What made 
my situation worse, was a dream, in which I from time to time had 
seen Hortensia, always in the same or a similar form. Now I was 
sitting in a strange room, then in a grotto made by pendent rocks, 
again on the moss-grown trunk of an oak, in some perfect solitude, 
but always in a deeply-azitated state of mind. Hortensia would come, 
gaze at me with looks of heartfelt pity, and say, *Dear Faust, why so 
melancholy *" This would awaken me every time; for the tone in 
which she spoke thrilled to my inmost soul. Through the whole day, 
too, this tone haunted me. In the whirl of the city, in the presence 
of company, in the gondolier's song, at the opera, — wherever I was 
— it was heard. Sometimes at night, I would start suddenly from 
this dream, just as the lips of Hortensia moved to express the usual 
question, and imagine that the sound was actually without me. True, 
à dream, in any ordinary condition of things, is nothing but a dream, 
but in the enchanted circle in which destiny had thrust me, even 
dreams were not to be lightly disregarded. 

One day, as I was putting the papers of Count Von Hormegg to 
rights in his room, having given him some letters to be signed, he 
was called out to receive a Venitian of some distinction, that came to 
visit him. 1 supposed he would come back in a moment, and threw 
myself in a chair, where I relapsed into my customary sadness. 
Musing thus, I heard the sound of footsteps. The Countess, in search 
of her father, had approached me. I trembled, hardly knowing wby, 
and rose to greet her. “Why so melancholy, dear Faust ? ” said she, 
in à voice of singular tenderness, that animated my whole being, 
and with the same tone that had so often and touchingly been re- 
echoed through my dreams. She smiled, as if astonished or surprised 
at her own inquiry, and passing her hand thoughtfully across her 
brow, said after a pause, "How is this? It seems to me that 1 have 
been in precisely this condition before, though it's very odd. Some 
time or other I must have seen you, just as you are now, in a dream 
perhaps, and asked you the same question. Isn'titaltogether queer ?" 

“Not more so than what I have experienced in the same way," 
said I, “for not one time, but several times, I have dreamed that you 
came to me, as you have done now, and asked me the same question 
in the very words." 

Count Vou Hormegg returning, broke off our brief interview. But 
the event, trifling as it was, became a source of profound reflection, 


y The Spiritual Analyst, 
vermy gropings arter the truth were in vain. to reeoncile the work- 
ings ofthe imagination with the realitv. She had dreamed the same 


thine that I had. and the same had been accomplished in actual life: 


But this fairv-work did not for some time come to an end. Five 
days ater this incident, the god o? sleep juggled with me again, to 
the etloet that I would be invited to a festival. It was a great feast 
and danee. The musie made me sad: I remained a lonely spectator. 
From the whirl of the dancing. Hortensia came suddenly to me, and 
pressing my hand affectionately and secretly. lisped. “Be cheerful, 
Faustino. or I cannot be.” and then regarding me with a look full of 
compassionate tenderness. lost herseif again in the throng. 

Count Von Hormegy the nest day made up a pleasure jaunt to 
the country seat of one of the Venitians. I was to accompany him. 
On the way he told me that the Countess would also be there. When 
we arrived we found a large assembly. In the evening there was a 
display of fireworks, and then a dance. The Prince opened the ball 
with Hortensia — and as I looked at the noble pair. it went through 
me like a dagger. I lost all desire to participate in the dance. But 
in order to forget myself. I selected a partner and mingled in the 
beautiful waving groups. But it seemed to me that lead hung upon 
my feet, and I rejoiced when I could slip from the crowd. Leaning 
upon the door. I gazed at the dancers— no. not at them, but at 
Hortensia. who hovered among the rest like a goddess. 

At that moment I recalled the dream of the past night: at that 
moment a dance was coming to an end; at that moment Hortensia 
stepped towards me. glowing with joy. vet coyly. pressed my hand 
affection, and whispered, “Be cheerful, Faustino, or I 

Sd 


with a fugitiv 
id it with sueh sympathy. so friendly, and with a 


e 
cannot be." She s 
glance from her eres — such a glance — I lost all sense and speech. 
Horteusia. before I could recover myself, had already vanished. She 
was sweeping once more through the ranks of the dancers: but her 
eres ever and anon sought mine. and her look was constantly towards 
me. It seemed as if she had taken a whim to wrest from me by her 
attentiveness what little of understanding I had left. At the close of 
the dances. the couples separated from each other, and I left my 
place to look out another in the hall, to see if I had deluded myself, 
or Whether the looks of the Countess would follow me. 

Already new couples were gathered for the dance, when I passed 
near the sitting-place of the women. One of them rose the very 
moment I approached ; it was the Countess. Her arm lay in mine. 
We entered the circle. I trembled, and scarcely knew what was going 


There is no Death. e 


-| 


ou: for never before had I had the audacity to request Hortensia to 
dance with me. and vet it seemed to me that I must now have done 
so in my distraction. But she was unembarrassed, scarcely regarded 
me, and penetrated the showy tumult with her brilliant looks. Ina 
moment the music struck up. I seemed released from every earthly 
bond, to hover like a spirit on the waves of sound. I was unconscious 
of all about me, — knew not that we fastened the attention of every 
spectator. What cared I for the admiration of the world? At the 
ending of the third dance, I led the Countess to a settee, that she 
might rest. I stammered my thanks with trepidation. She acknow- 
ledged them with mere friendly courtesy, as to the greatest stranger. 
I withdrew among the spectators. 

The Prince, as well as Count Von Hormegg, had seen me dance 
with Hortensia, — had heard the general murmurs of applause. The 
former burned with jealousy, and did not even conceal it from Hor- 
tensia. The Count took my boldness, in asking his daughter to dance, 
in bad part, and on the following day rebuked me for having so lightly 
forgotten her rank. Both confessed, with all the rest of the world, 
that her dancing had been full of soul and passionateness. Neither 
doubted that I had infused an unworthy inclination into the Countess. 
In spite of their plausibilities, I soon saw clearly, that I was an 
obstacle of hate and fear. I was much seldomer, and at last not at 
all, invited to companies where Hortensia might be present. 

In the mean time, both went really too far in their carefulness. It 
is true, the Countess did not conceal that she cherished a feeling of 
gratitude towards me; but everything further was a reproach which 
she repelled. She confessed that she prized me, but beyond that, it 
was all one to her whether I danced at Constantinople or Venice. 


Asa general thing, Christians have manifested very little kindness, or 
candor, in their estimate of other religions ; but the darkest blot on their 
history is their treatment of the Jews. This is the more singular, because 
we have so much in common with them. We worship the same God, un- 
der the same name; we reverence their Scriptures; we make pilgrimages 
to their Holy City. Christ and his Mother and his Apostles were Jews, 
appear to have conformed to the established worship of the country, which 
we consequently claim as our sacred land.—Lydia M. Chid. 


Huxley, Huggins, Roscoe, and others of the best thinkers and teachers 
of England, are giving penny lectures in London, to the workingmen, and 
publishing them afterwards for a penny apiece, thereby doing a great deal 
of intellectual good to the million. 


to 


The Spiritual Analyst. 


THERE IS NO DEATH. 
BY J. L. M'CREERY. 


THERE is no death! The stars go down 
To rise upon some fairer shore, 

And bright in heaven’s jeweled crown 
‘They shine forevermore. 


There is no death! The dust we tread 
Shall change beneath the Summer showers 

To golden grain or mellow fruit, 
Or rainbow-tinted flowers. 


The granite rocks disorganize 
To teed the hungry moss they bear, 
The fairest leaves drink daily life 
From out the viewless air. 


There is no death! The leaves may fall, 
‘The flowers may fade and pass away — 

They only wait through wintry hours 
The coming of the May. 


There is no death! An angel form 
Walks o'er the earth with silent tread — 
lIe bears our loved things away, 
And then we call them dead. 


He leaves our hearts all desolate — 

He plucks our fairest, sweetest flowers ; 
‘Transported into bliss, they now 

Adorn immortal bowers. 


The bird-like voice, whose joyous tones 
Make glad this scene of sin and strife, 
Sings now an everlasting song 
Amid the tree of life. 


And where he sees a smile too bright, 
Or heart too pure for taint or vice, 
He bears it to that world of light 
lo dwell in Paradise. 


Born into that undying life, 
They leave us but to come again; 
With joy we welcome them the same, 
lxcept in sin and pain. 


And ever near us, though unseen, 
The dear immortal spirits tread, 
l'or all the boundless universe 
Is life. ‘There are no dead. 


* -= 


orziri:iftire Heraf d. 


Nn is) 


rete tt ee oy 


YovNa Men in Hisrony.. The New York Tribune of March 22d., fur- 
nishes the following condensed, but instructive report of a lecture, read before 
the Long [sland Historical Society, at Hamilton Building, Brooklyn, on “ Young 
Men in History,” the aim of which was to show at what period of life most 
of the original brain-work of the world has been done. The lecturer claimed 
that the Physiology of History — a science treating of the relations between 
human physiology and human achievement — justified the assertion that the 
period of life during which man does his best and most effective work is that 
between the ages of 40 and 60. In past ages, fame was posthumous in great 
measure; and in our own time, even in America, the paradise of young men, 
fame is rarely acquired prior to the age of 50. But the most effective moment 
of cerebral action — the period at which, on the average, youth ends and old 
age begins, with an implied absorption of nerve force and a deterioration of 
brain fiber is under the age of 40. Basing his deductions upon facts derived 
from the lives of 800 statesmen, authors, men of science, and representatives 
of every department of human effort, the lecturer divided life into five decades 
of mental activity — the golden decade being between 30 and 40, the silver 
between 40 and 50, the brazen between 20 and 30, the iron between 50 and 
60, and the tin between 60 and 70. Before 45 at least 70 per cent of the 
original cerebral work of the world has been done, and before 50 more than 
80 per cent. ‘The golden moment of life when the enthusiasm of youth is 
at the maximum and the experience of age tends to support and systematize 
effort without manifesting a tendency to retard it, is between the years 38 
and 49. 

'The lecturer applied the views advanced to legislation, reform, and pro- 
fessional and business life. Statesmanship is entrusted too much to age, to 
the exclusion of youth, and, as a natural consequence, the science of govern- 
ment, which should be in advance of all sciences, is in reality behind them all. 
A. law requiring officials to resign office upon reaching the age of 65 would 
be quite as wise as the law that requires the attainment of a certain age in 
order to hold office. ‘The history of civilization is a history ef the triumph of 
young radicals over old conservatives, and if it were not for death at a certain 
period, if life were not limited in duration to three or four score of years, so- 
ciety would retrogade, owing to the antagonism and opposition of the old men. 
In military history the greatest generals have averaged 35. years, and in the 
late civil war the North was defeated in 1861, when our generals averaged 
50, and was victorious in 1865 when the leaders were all under 40. In jour- 
nalism four-fifths of the reading matter of the religious, scientific, and secular 
press, is contributed by men between 15 and 40, and to this fact the profession 


4 


420 The Spiritual Analyst. 


owes its great influence. With reference to the management of colleges and 
educational institutions, the policy of putting them under the control of men 
over GO years of age, is fatal to the true interests of a progressive nation. 
The President and members of the Corporation should be young men, and 
gray-haired scholars in academic chairs should be subordinate to youth and 
the prime of life. At 60. every College President should retire under a pen- 
sion, and in every department of human effort the question of age should be 
asked in the same breath as that of ability and capacity. With regard to the 
comparative longevity of brain-workers and muscle-workers, the former live 
to a greater age, the average age of 500 of the greatest brain men in history 
being G4. With reference to the comparative achievements of the sexes the 
proportion was 40 to 1 in favor of man. No woman has founded a system of 
philosophy or religion, achieved a great invention, or composed music. The 
great fields of woman's efforts in history have been polite literature and gov- 


ernment. 


STATISTICS: NEW DEVELOPMENTS. — To think in figures and classify 
facts, isthe logical suggestion of the following extracts from Zhe Golden Age. 


“¢ The art of statistics,’ says Gen. Garfield, one of the few American masters of 
it, ‘did not enter its scientific phase before 1749, when it received from Professor 
Achenwall of Gottingen, not only its name, but the first comprehensive statement 
> Before that auspicious date, human beings, it is mortifying to 


of its principles. 
The ancient and medieval 


reflect. scarcely knew how to count their own noses. 
nations did sometimes make the attempt; but they did it in so bungling and un- 
philosohical a fashion that their noses might as well have been pulled as counted. 
they did manage to arrive at a sort of estimate concerning the number of people 
and the amount of property within a given territory; but there they stopped. 
They gathered but few facts about the people, and even these they gathered inac- 
curately ; while as to any classification of these facts, they never dreamed of such 
a thing,” 

“We refer to these matters for the purpose of calling attention to a remarable 
coincidence, Which has not been noticed hitherto, either in prose or verse. The 
science of statistics took its rise in a German University, and within the teeming 
brain of a snuffy Professor. But that creat science has been brought to its maxi- 
mum of comprehensiveness and of perfection in the leading American Universities 
and by the perspications and daring enthusiasm of the students themselves.” 

This general statement is illustrated and confirmed by facts and figures de- 
veloped in and among the members of the present Senior Class at Dartmouth 
College. 

* The statistical record begins in prosaic fashion by announcing the entire num- 
ber ever connected with the class as 935 left for their own good, 19; left for the 
good of others, 6; died 1; at present in the class, 67. Could anything be neater 
or eompleter? Then follow facts and figures relating to the individual peeuliari- 
ties of these 67 gentlemen — all stated with a precision and a large grasp, such as 
might make good old Herr Achenwall of Gottengen roll over in his cofin for joy.” 


Omitting much of the detail, and a part of the article, the following and 


— ee. 


C 


— 


-——À ee -- — — M € - 


Scientific Record. 451 


closing extract will suggest the method and enforce the morale of classifying 
acts by the aid of figures. * It should be borne in mind, however that — 

“It is a fact of which philosophical historians have already spoken, that when 
any science makes a great advance it generally does so in several different places at 
once. We would not have it supposed that Dartmouth is the only College in which 
the new science of statistics is cultivated with such daring and success. We have 
carefully examined statistical reports from all the leading Colleges, and in them all 
we find this'science to be in the most flourishing state. The points of resemblance 
between them are many; but the slight variations in details are often interesting 
and instructive. For instance, at Amberst, the capillary statistics are thus an- 
nounced : full sets, 10; mustache, 21; Burnsides, 13; goatee, 3; unsuccessful 
attempts, 9; imberbis, 18. And this is the chronicle of matrmonial prospects: en- 
gaged, 23 ; expectant, 9 ; chances good, 11; slim, 17; corresponding, 24 ; blighted 
6; don't careadamn, 7; S. H. Struck, 1; looking for money, 8; for beauty, 5; for 
perfection, 1. 

* But we must not prolong these illustrations. We have furnished enough to sus- 
tain our assertion that this brave science of statistics has rceived at the hands of young 
university students an impulse to a perfection never dreamed of by the old univer- 
sity professer who invented it. Before the next national census, let our legislators 
take a few hints from these boys; or rather, let these boys by that time become leg- 
islators. 


“BEAUTY UNADORNED " has been the admiration of the naturalistic 
school of poets and romancers ; but that type of the beautiful differs 
somewhat from the following of Bayle St. John. He says of the 
“Turk in Europe," — 

* Another source from which vacant harems are filled is the market of 
Georgian slaves; but it is by no means so popular. These unhappy creatures, 
who are embarked at Trebisond on board of the regular steamers, reach Con- 
stantinople in a very sad and pitiable state. We can imagine an European 
reader almost envying the captain under whose care is placed so poetical a 
cargo; but, alas! the truth is, that the Georgians are looked upon almost as 
suspiciously as a hundred cases of leeches for the Marseilles market. It is 
true they are separated as much as possible from the rest of the passengers, 
penned in like a flock of sheep, hidden by dirty clothes ; or, in bad weather, 
crammed below like negroes in the middle passage. In spite of these pre- 
cautions, the whole vessel suffers from their presence. Nearly every one of 
them has the itch; and, without exception, every one brings away a colony of 
native vermin. ‘This is easily accounted for. The poor things resemble not 
a bevy of English maidens going out voluntarily to seek for husbands in the 
barracks of Madras or Calcutta. They are sold from poverty or avarice by 
their parents or friends, and are handed over nearly naked to the purchaser. 
To dress them would eat up all the profits. A ragged shift and piece of can- 
vas wrapped round their shoulders — such is the eostume in which they erowd 
by day and huddle together at night, whispering or dreaming of the splendor 
which has been promised them, to dispel their sorrow or their sulkiness, — 


b Phe Spiritual Analyst. 


nod perhaps iivinm a pesans thoucht to the Borne which hna eset theri forth, 
hke the pet konb when it has outgrown the fondness or the patience. ol ita 
metres. "he merchant, with the unealeulating ctnpidity whieh characterizes 
all dealers in binnan Hesh, fatten these future sultonas duri the voyage on 
water and nillet dlour porridee. “They arrive nt their Journey end imn such n 
ante dhat few eonnobccur: in incipient beauty would: venture to pronounce in 
opinnon, — Sometimes, when the owner (em hide to renlize, he drives hix 
Georeiun flock to market in the unsecmly condition in whieh they como 
ashore; or ub mot throws aronnd them a feriech the mantle of the "Turk- 
ish women, Chance for the most part presides over tho ile; Pho purchaser 
keeps ata respectbul didinee from his nequisition, it n. doctor imijhbit. [rom n 
plavue patient ; nnd drives her before hion to what miy he eulled n prepara- 
tory school for the harem. A mimber of old women, indeed, prom their living 
hy polishing up this rough material; curing them, hy remedies of whieh they 
have the seeren, of them disease, combing their biir into shape, serubbing 
(hem, and exterminating the reminisecnees they have brought. with them from 


thei native liovel 


“Ts ovi Moon Inianirp 2" —"Fhe Coruhill Magazine m unswermng the 
above question, recalls the extravigmnee of other days, and cimplinsizes the 
foets underlying the controversy about the ** Plarahty of Worlds,” nud tho 
habitableness ed “the Wartha in the Universe.” Phe former suggests the folly 
of hasty peneralization, while the lather points to the analogies necessary dia 
support of an uffimntive conclusion ; and both amply the seed of more 


cepenee and further demonstration. Ehe nnswer is as follows: 


* When the telescope was first invented, ilr eerun that astronomers were more 
hopeful of recognizing such siyn in the moon than in nny other celestial body. An- 
Lelescopes of preater nid greater power were constructed, our satellite was nearehed 
withal, more and more eager serüatiny.— And many a long year elapsed before nn- 
tronomers would accept the eonclumon Chat the moon ' surface i wholly unfitted for 
the support. of any of those fonus of hle with whieh we are familiar upon onrth, 
"hat. tha belief in lunar inen prevailed in tho popular mind long after: antronomern 
had abandoned it, i shown by the eager eredulity with whieh the story of Sir John 
Herseheli supposed. observations of the customs nnd manners of the FLunnrinns was 
accepted even among welb educated men. Who enn forget the gravity with whieh 
hat most amazing hoax was repeated in all quarters. IH. wan, indeed ingeniously cone 
trived. "he anxiety of Sir Jolin Hermehel to secure the assistance of King Willian 
and the care with whieh “our sulor king "inquired whether tho interests of nnuticnl 
astronomy. would ho advanced by the proposed inquiries ; the plausible explanation 
ol the mode of observation depending, we were gravely moured, upon the 745075 nion 
of light; the trembling anxiety of Herschel and his fellow workers ns the moment 
arrived. when their search was to commence; tho (lowers, resembling popies, which 
first rewarded their serutiny ; and the final introduction. upon the seeno of. thong 
winged beings not, strictly speaking, szen, nor properly to be called angels — to 
Whom Hersehel aepned the generic appellation, Lespertiio omo, or. Wat-men.: 
All these things, and many others equally amusing, wero described with marvelous 


‘4 
[| 


j Scientilic Record. N^ 


qo gravity and with an attention to dette reminding one of the deseriptionn in Gulf 
wes Lively. One enn hardly wonder, then, that the narrative wan recieved in 
many quarters: with unquestioning faith, nor perhaps, even at the simplicity with 
whieh (ii Sir John Terehe hinnet rebIDntes;) well menning peroni planning mensuren 
for sending mieanaries ** nmonp the poor benihtod Lunnrinns;" 
* Yat astronomers havo long known full ecitaimly that no foris of life, auch ns we 
| ires familie with, can exiit upon the moon. "Fliey know that if our nntellite has nn 


(atmosphere at all, that atinonphere must be ao Bimited in extent (hat no erentures wo 


nre acquanted with could live in it; "Fhey know that aba han no oceans, neun, rivers 

or Laken, neither clouds nor. rninn, nnd that if she bad, there would be no winds to 
wil momture from place to place or to enuse the clouds to drop fatness upon the 
lunar fields — "hey know afro, that the moon's surface in subjected alternately to A 
cold fur more intense than (hint; whieh binds our artic regions in everlusting frost, nnd 
fo n heat compared with whieh the Heres noon of n tropical day is is tho freshnersx 
| ola Spring morning, "They gearch only over the tunar dink for the signs of volennie 
nchon, feeling well nsanrel that no traces of the oexintenes of living ereatures will 
| ever bo detected in that desolnte orb.” 


| WirA'r MAY Wit Fer, seen nnd sensed while climbing n monntnin, are 

| praphienly and comprehensively stated by Mr. Henry Woodward in n new 

| [E RJ . ope LI e 

| work on Phe Eiern" "Phe following will ragyest other, but not better out- 
lined pietures ; for every step in the ascent, seem” like an intelleetunl ns well 


ux n physical triumphi over nitural dilliulties; Happily the mountain of selene 
M remnins, to. compensate for tho joya long promised. from the "Hill of 
Zion ;" the intelleetund plensures of which ia thus brought vividly to mind. 
“With regard to the intellectual pleure whieh mountain climbing affords, 
which, however, is intimately bound up with the material joys of the ascent, 
ix proportionntely grenter ns the mind i& more expanded, nnd the various 
phenomena of nature have been more successfully studied, Tho destructive 
nefion of water and snow is fully grasped by the scientille traveller; he. tne 
sperts the movements of the ylaciers, nnd the rolling rocks or. bowlderxs 
' making their way from the summits to the phin: he traces out the onormous 
horizontal or inclined strata; bho pereoivos the tines of granito uphenving 
(he beda; then, when ho nt dust stands upon rome lofty peak, he enn contem 


plato in its entirety the mountain ediliee, wiih ita ravines nnd ifs spurs, its 


| 


snows, Is forests and ios mendows, ‘Pho hollows and the valleys whieh the 
jee, the water, nnd the tempest have carved in the immense relief, are clewrly 
defined, and the whole labor necomplished during thousands of centuries by all 
the geologien! agents ia plainly seen, Dy going to the origin of the mountninn 
themselves, n surer judgment enn be passed oi the various hypotheses ol s- 
vants ns to the rupture of the Garth's erust, the displacement of strati, nnd tha 
eruption of granito or porphyry. And beside, without alluding to thut menner 
inpulso of vanity which instigates n certain number of men to distinguish 
Lieimselyes ay mountnin-climbers, there isa sentiment of natural pride excited 
when we compare our own ittbenexs with the grandeur of the natural phe- 
nomenn which surrounds un ‘The torrent, the rocks, the avalanches, and the 


151 The Spiritual Analyst. 


glaciers — all remind man of his own weakness: but, by a natural reaction. | 
his intelleet and his will rise up in opposition to every obstacle. He takes a 
pleasure in conquering the mountain which seems to brave him. and in pro- } 
claiming himself the vietor over the formidable peak, the first glance at whieh | 
had filled his mind with a kind of religious awe.” | 
“THERE WERE Grants IN THOSE Days.” — Tradition and geological spec- 


Mens unite in justifving the aneient belief in a physieally larger race of men 


a Ü—Á 


than the present. although the assertions of tralition are 2/ganfically greater 
than the discovered skeletons of those ancient worthies. “Ht is held by the | 
Moslems, says Mr. Taylor, that Adam and Eve were sixty feet high. — or 
the measure of a tall palm tree: and that the true believer will be restored 
in. Paradise to this original stature of the human race. and that the horves 


who attend them. will be of proportionate dimensions. Linneus seems to have 


held that Adam and Eve were giants, and that mankind from one generation 
to another, owing to poverty and other eauses, have been diminished in size." 
(The Early History of Mankind. p. 3, 16.) 


Such is beler: the fucts however are more in keeping with economy and 
large populations than gigantic men, for — 


“A letter from Kern county, Caifornia, repots that in digging a grave on the 
old banks of the Kern river, not long since, there was found a human skeleton seven 
feet five and a half inches in length. The account says there was with ita package of 


eleven flint arrow-heads and spear heads, and that the skull was much larger than 
the ordinary size of craniums moving round at the present day. 


A full grown per- 
son placed his head inside the skull. 


The Louisville Courier-Journal, however, tells 
a bigger story, thus: ** Workmen in the new fire cistern in Jeffersonville exhumed, 


twelve feet from the surface, a part of the skeleton of a giant at least twelve feet 
high. The skull was badly broken by the workmen, but sutlicient of the jaws and 
face-bones were saved to show that it was the remains of a monstrous sized human 


being. A shin was dug up which measured near three feet in length.” — Boston 
Herald. 


France AND THE [FRENCH ; Iow far the Protestantism of the American 
people. influences certain editors and orators to rhapsodize against the French 
and their strugele for Republican freedom, because of their Roman Catholicism 
it is hard to guess; but, that there is some misleading cause is evident when 
so Liberal (7) a paper as the New York Independent! makes light of the gen- 
erous tribute, which Wendell Phillips 


paid some months ago, to that much 
misunderstood and calumniated people. 


His additional remarks, made in the 
late Convention of the Reform League, was therefore as timely as pertinent, 


when he said, — “I recognized some months ago, on this platform, the debt 
which the world owes to those Parisians who are now branded generally with 
the name of Red Republicans, for almost all the steps of civil progress. 
[Great applause.] Agassiz said the other day, in referring to the balloon-post 
sent from Paris, that science owes more to France, especially tor lighthouse 
illumination, civil engineering, medical science, and so on, within the last 50 


1 o S. nnm" ——— Bá — — —— ——— CJüiiÓ 1 0 


_— 


——— — — 


Sclentific Record. 135 


years, or two generations, than to all the rest of the world put together. The 
'same might be said for her in suggestions and leadership in eivtl retorm. And 
what I meant to say was that. while Louis Blane and others with him are 
wise men, and superior men, and moderate men, they have behind them and 
below them the vast crowd of brutalized and morally starved Frenchmen, 
such as we shall have 20 vears hence, who never hold to rule nor government, 


| but precipitate their leaders into difficulties, and mar all their measures and 


render them abortive. and who will. in the end. probably foree the return 
either of the Orleans princes or Bonaparte to the throne of France.” 

The better to illustrate the generous sense of Mr. Phillips, and the real 
character of Louis Blane, we make the following extract from a letter of the 
latter gentleman, now going the rounds of the press Writing under date of 
April 27, — 1871; to M. Nadaud., he says, — 


“There are in history certain troubled hours when violence has so taken 
possession of all a man’s faculties that moderation gives offense, and the only 
emotion which is understood, the only one held to be sincere, is that of hatred. 
To be the butt of suspicion and to receive blows of all the parties in the strug- 
gle if one does not espouse their enmities without reserve; to be taxed with 
hypocrisy if, when the cannon roars, one thinks of the weeping mothers; to 
be accused with complicity with disorders one blames if one seeks a pacific 
issue to the situation which produced them; and if one dares to pronounce 
the word conciliation, to be instantly denounced as an ambitious person in 
quest of popularity, as a deceiver, as a traitor — such, my dear NADAUD, is 
the lot reserved to those who in civil discord would prefer owing the restora- 
tion of order to concessions dictated by the spirit of concord rather than to the 
triumph — necessarily murderous — of foree. After this what influence can 
you expect them to exert, and what authority can their word have so long as 
the crisis lasts? There is the evil — only there; for as to their personal con- 
cern in the abuse directed against them, in the venomous comments with 
which they are pursued, that is nothing — much less than nothing; and the - 
honest man who is outraged would ignore these miseries if his power of work- 
ing for the publie weal in an efüivacious manner were not thereby diminished 
in those sad times which secure a numerous publie to the apostolate of sus- 
picion or of anathema. Besides, what can one do or say when one is in such 
a situation — I. wrote of this lately — that one cannot do or say anything with- 
out exposing oneself to envenoming the wound? One must have endured 
this torture to understand it. Ah! my presentiments did not deceive me when 
on the eve of the elections I paintully traced these words which, each day and 
each hour of the day, returned to my memory: This time, the elected will be 
men condemned. Receive, dear friend, a cordial grasp of my hand. 

Lovis BLANC. 


PracmicaL SENSE vs. Mysticism. California is not in sympathy with 
transeendentalism. Emerson has delivered a course of lectures in San Fran- 


ion Lhe Spiritual Analyst. 


cisco to good audiences; but the newspapers there, unable to understand th 
discourses, are wondering why he does not say what he means in plain Eng 
lish. — V. F. Zrihune. 

ScrENCE A Urinizer., © Tf asa nation we are to continue to be the large meat 
eaters we are now, we must pay hich prices or contrive to economize by throwing 
aside what is useless and wasted. instead of transporting it thousands of miles. The 
bulk of our beet comes trom the West, much of it trom tlie Southwest, and we have 
to pay for all the bone and offil which misht as well have been left behind where 
it was produced. Most of it is an absolute waste, for after we have transported it 
across the country at a large cost. we throw it away and utilize but a small part. of 
it. This refuse should vo back to the earth in a judicious manner, so as to aid pro- 
duetion by restoring wasted tertilitv. Science is to play an important part in the 
food question. Instead of bringing an ox trom Chicago or Texas — bone, horns and 
boots, science will take all that is essential tor man’s sustenance, concentrate it, re- 
tain all its virtues in a small bulk. thus saving heavy items of expense. Liebig, 
the great German Chemist. has done much in this direction. His extract of meat 
appears to solve the problem. Tt is free from fat and gelatine, and each pound con- 
tains the soluble nutritive constituents of about thirty-five pounds of meat exclusive 
of bones. membranes, Xe, and is equivalent to about forty-five poun ls of good 
butchers meat. This extract will keep for years in any climate. It is this concen- 
trated form we must finally adopt to obviate the high cost of meats, or become 
vesetarians; We must follow the light of science to overcome the evils arising from 
a larze population and the exhaustive processes incident to obtaining food." — Ex. 

That science is a utilizer, has been and is generally acknowledged ; but 
just where, and. when to apply its economizing wisdom, is not so obvious. 
The writer of the above, sees tlie need of reform in the meat market; so do 
most persons, who patronize the butcher's shop ; but, how to make the needed 
reform actual and practical is the question. Texas and the far West may be 
good places to do the butchering; but, what is gained? so long as the Aides 
are nee led in Danvers for tanning * and Lynn, Marblehead, Haverhill, and the 
Readings live by making shoes and boots? The tan-pit and the shoe-factory 
are close together; but at the opposite extreme from the far West. Besides, 
the animal fats and bone matter are needed in the bodies of men and women 
everywhere. Soups, stews and pot-pies are healthier and more economical 
dishes than the lean, mean and tough preparations now passing for beefsteak, 
roast and bake meats, &c. &c. The latter is fashionable, and may be regulated 
by temperament, — business and want of time to cook and eat properly. 


"IisronicaL Fiction.” The agencies and instrumentalities tending to 
corrupt historic truth are many phased, and multitudinous in number; and 
they must continue to mislead and abuse the understanding, as long as the 
imaginative faculty is so exclusively ministered to by Literature, Art and 
Religion. 

The causes, however, are few, but powerful; for, they originate in the im- 
aginative, wonder-loving multitude, and end in the wre of popularity, which 


controls the artist, the novelist and the minister. 


Scientific Record. A 

There is a profound. signifieance, therefore, in the reflection. of R. W. 

Mackay. when he says — 7fietion. is not. peculiar to antiquity; dH da As in- 

separable from human thought, as shadow from substance; and a partial jus- 

tification for Fielding, when in his novel of Zom Jones, he declares, that “the 

only difference between the historian and me, is, that with him everything is 
false but the xezzes and dates, while with me, nothing is false but these." 

The regret of the thoughtful reformer must be proportionate, since radical 

* changes require radical thought ; and the distance, separating the multitude 
of to-day trom the requirements of reform, may be inferred from the follow- 
ing comprehensive statement of the N. Y. Tribune. 

Works of “ Historical Fiction " have increased to such an extent in the Boston 
Public Library that a special catalogue of them has been prepared and printed. 
Without being able to fix the precjse value to the reader of such books, we are 
afraid that, upon the whole, it is rather small. How safe would it be, for instance, 
for the student of English history to take his notions of it even from Shakespeare ? 
The Germans write their ‘historical novels’ with a great deal of ingenuity; but 
can we trust Miss Muhlbach to give us a good idea of Frederick the Great, or 


Robespierre? And can we say anything better of those tawdry things which 
Lamartine compiled and called * History ? " 


“ ForTUNE-IJUNTING AND ForTUNE-TELLING.” An instructive chapter, 
if not a good sized volume might be written in vindication of the original cir- 
cumstances and motives that made the fortune-teller the aid and assistant of 
the fortune-hunter; although it is now the fushion to despise the former, and 
honor the latter. Just why this is so, or should be so, is not easily explained, 
since the distinction is as absurd in theory, as the practice of abusing the one 
and flattering the other is preposterous and outrageous. 

The plain and simple truth is, that men, women and children have been 
from necessity and choice furtuze-hunters, and naturally enough sought the aid 
of the fortune-teller, as soon as it was known that one person could see further 
and better then another. Equally natural was it, that the fortune-teller should 
be occasionally a person of distinction, if not a leader among a leading and a 
religious people, since we are informed that Saul went to Samuel for informa- 
tion about his dost “asses,” without knowing that the Prophet of his day “was 
beforetime called a seer.” (1 Samuel, Ch. IX.) Names however, are second- 
ary to the fact, since the seer, the prophet, the witch, the saint, the clairvoyant, 
the impressionalist and the medium have all looked after the fortunes of the 
needy ; and become associated in theory or in fact with predicting events and 
telling fortunes. If the office has become degraded, we must look to the 


5 


. -a . - 1 
- | = a wē t A do a A £ a m 3° — = 
- 


: ZE ‘Se ee eae al .Xiaalvst,. 
T E èf nam ered ratang fup che eyalanarion af che /mmfhan. 
Taat tier- i+ REY EeleAIL4enn-cUen eneeen the o ania el character 
gotve.13 e- ED crllw€xknoWn CalDVOYAUtS in ancient and mesiern 
LUUIBGDCTOII had ce. ries to cup awn Cam ead the eere OT 
E wee Mis. riean avd Miu Minea or Dues: Meo. J. Davis of 
Polmnkzxpecf ML Peer West of Cowucmund otiera al astoviaied with 
Loo. qm0TY a: levy ef the doe the mi--inz. and the drowned. most 
; 1 Knots oni more or less dent zjihed. 
Woe Tetcoet Soe Pa wc. The? eh arus elurvovamt nas ever been placed in 
ST ohal- that Male ib necessary DOT Ler gr him to do other than leziti- 
máis Col:iLl-:.i yr it &pr-&r: trom the testimony of Mies Cianin in Court, 
That Til La: deem LIF peutien tor years. She said. (rune report, May 
ie 
oP wil fete In © Vite rine eed stare sen. Aml ew Bunte airvovant power: 
NI ILTA ILe. fce that pe potes that power: t dad to pretend 
- : -nu ThE me. cto make Muey. as D was compelled to: to 
Py S25 teat Inm P Bet tae TI porie sometimes, I was usil w them. and 
pots Me he. = Lt IL This war: others wanted to mieie money out of me: 
LQItnoT Weve. it was cs fine mmewtigue ff: be hat said to the hired sirl*I 
win Tennis. inl ete? Laud inte Ler creat uo-inets— she mu-t use her great 
cease cc it D Gel: pw I have edacaeted ber chiidren. and spent atleast 
II simpa E C. zain., to this whole family.” 
A+ &RolITLef €Xilknation to this deplorable family fued, she said: "For 
Darin wears | zavs been compelled to keep from a dozen to twenty-five 
see, LR]; WLen J wa: onde a litle girl, I » to keep the whole family 
Tie -kMILEeLIGS unel but compreten-ówe, and the vindication of the clair- 
Vivant uow: in & breath: since the affections of the daughter united with 
tLe r6else Lani of the pediam to Inaze her vieldinz to those who did not 
LOW Us respect Nature, cueri-b Ler gifts, or wisely honor themselves. 
SPIRITUALISM NOT AN AMUSEMENT BUT HELIGION.— The chief point of the 
Celebes in a recent suitor Mr Leia avainet the Middiesex Horse Railroad Corn- 
pany lor camages tor an iniurv. wat that she could not recover because she was 


trove on BULüsr.znü returning wom a Spirltualistie camp-mecting at Malden, 
WLICOL Was & pace OF emasement. and not devoted to bona fide religious worship. 


Tae statute mases al. irave.ing on Sunday tor amusement ilegal, and any injuries 
Desi Whos f Colne woud Lot be the ground or an action. Judge Wells 


CLAfguu the jury that "Ly the con-tituuon every one has a right to worship ac- 
carain Vo has or her conscience,” and Le told them v determine from all the 
e.ilenes whether the pleintilf was sincere In her belief in Spiritualism, and also 


to ueciae the character oF the meeting. A person has the right to travel on Sun- 
dav torthe konet purpose of attending religious worship, and if the plaintiff was 
e; geing she was entitied to recover. The jury brought in a verdict for Mrs. Feital, 
ving her 25000 damages, 


We are indebted to the Commonieclth for the above good news, and won- 


der accordingly, that «o important a piece of history should be placed under 


Recent Publications. 459 


the head of -Mixon Matters”: for it contains three noticable and re- 
markable things: First, a rich Corporation striving to defraud an injured 
woman of just dues in the nam* of religion, and by virtue of Sunday law; 
second. a just judge: and third. a jary of impartial men, independent and mazg- 
namimous enough to award a verdict of $5.000 to a woman — a Spiritualist, 
and that too. in the “iace and eyes” of the pleadings, and against the jnterests 
of a powerful Corporation. Evidently the writer of the above has large 
ideas of the “good time coming," when such things pass with kim for “minor 
matters.” 


"SwEaRING IN Witnesses.” The Quakers have borne a consistant tes- 
^ timony against swearing in courts of law,— and wisely, as the implication is 
that the evidence of a witness is not reliable without the oath. It is one of 
the ways Christianity uses to tell the world that «ll? men and women are liers, 
while complimenting her priesthood and institutions. It is none the less an 
insult to Auman nature, and will be abolished, as a worthless, if not an injurious 
ceremony, as soon as men and women learn to respect themselves and think 
less of their saints and holy books. 
So thinking, we told his Honor the Mayor of Boston, that we preferred not 
to swear on the Bible, as previous witnesses had been doing, the detail of 
which is thus stated by the Reporter of the Post, June 3rd, 1871. 


“Dr. Toohey was now called, but objected to be sworn on the Bible, stating as 
his reason that he did not believe the Bible to be a plenary inspired work, neither 
1 . did he believe in God as a God of humanity, nor in the Roman Catholic Church, 
but his conscience was his God. After considerable difficulty in determining what 
form of an oath the doctor did consider binding, the matter was adjusted by allow- ° 
nz the witness to hold up his right hand and be sworn in the usual manner." 


The reporter of the Post intended to give the facts, but got them mixed ; 
while the reporter of the Journal, (June 3rd) aimed at communicating nothing, 
and succeeded. Here is his statement.— 


« Prof. J. W. Toohey, one of the coroner’s jury, was called. A rather amusing 
colloquy ensued between the Professor and Mr. Parker as to what the Professor 
considered a binding form of oath. The Professor went into a metaphysical state- 

4 ment of his idea of Deity. which might hardly be Orthodox, but was construed as 
adequate for the purpose, and he was sworn in the usual manner. 


The facts in the case are these. The previous witnesses had been sworn 
on the Bible. which prompted Mr. Parker to ask the following questions, as 
we did not answer to his liking the first. "Are you a Catholic? A. No. 
Are you a Protestant? A. No. What are you then? A. We are between 
the two — a little of both and not much of either. Mr. Parker then turned 
to the Mayor, who was presiding, to know what should be done with such a 
witness; when his Honor asked, if we bad any objections to swearing on the 
Bible? We answered that we did not believe in the plenary inspiration of 
the Bible, and thought it useless to swear on it under such circumstances. 


a E 


BI The Spiritual Noalyst 
Phen came the question, de von believe in God? Wiel we answered 
promptly in the affinities w ih this speetil gual teuton — our anl -— “the 
God of humanity and consetence. 

The inaecuraes of the repens is further notieeable in the abridirements 
ot eur name, and the unnecessary. multiplieation of es. The former we 
have striven to prevent, as there is another Poobey before the public, a poli- 
telan. with whom we have been eonfounded, and for whose sake we have 
been made to suter,  Tndeed. the identity of name nearly eost us our life in 
the TE ot clolters His where some of the Irish Democracy took a faney to 
Sos Ms in the streek supposing us to be the” tother chap Numerous as our 
initials are, therefore, they seem to be necessary tous, however taxing to 
others in writin, i 

The latter we bave learned isa kind of an Amerieanism; for we have on 
mere eccastens than ene, found ourselt reported and bill-posted, as ** Dr. ;" 
"pens: and Vrotessor, and on very rare occasions, the * Rev.: is brought 
forth trem the almost forgotten past to do duty ; but. for all that, we dislike 
the practice. Having preached as a minister, we are remembered ns à 
"Rov bavi spoken on. polities, we pass for an * Hon; and. whenever 
we lecture en senec, and take eare ot the sick, we are. spoken of as Doe.” 
Doctor or Professor, Be it known therefore, once for all, that these titles 
do not belong to us in any /ega? sense, and that it isa license upon the part 
eb the publie to so use them: nevertheless we have a preference, and if 
Ores are to remain in use, we. wish to be known asa simple Professor, for 
we do profess manhood, truthfulness and intellectual conviction as a spirit- 
ualistie Witness, having some knowledge of Phrenology, Temperamental 
Physiology. Historie Anthropology, and. kindred branches of Biologie Sei- 


OW 


enee ; and sce ne good reason why men and women should not. be called by 


- 
s 


their pr per names, So thinking, we will be correspondingly thankful to all 
whoin writing or speaking of us will give us tlie benetit of our name. 


Joun II. W. Toonxry. 


"Guosr" Exerrenenrs, Nothing contrasts more plainly with the ex. 
travaganee of ghost scenes and excitements, than the thoughtful, matter-of-faet 
investigating method of the spiritual eirele; and there is no single agency so 
well ealeulated to bring the former to an end, as the intellectual recognition 
and wise use of the latter. For the one grows out of mystery, tends to ex- 
citement, and supports. superstition, while the other eorreets all this, brings 
order out of chaos. 

The mueh-ado about "the. mysterious noises and exciting phenomena” at 
Stratford, Connecticut, and the more recent sensation of Brinkly College, will 
illustrate: but the better to make convietion “doubly sure,” we are now called 
on to make note of, and digest the later and more extravagant “doings and 
saving “at Wooston, Ohio. The origin of the excitement is connected with 


ec 


some manifestations which oceurred in “the family of a miller named Hoff 


Reports and Notes. I41 


man," the detail and eharaeteristies of which are stated as follows hy the 
editor of the Vew York Times. Me writes — 


“There are almost eontiuual noises, furniture is thrown down, clothes are ent to 
pieces or hidden away, erockery flies briskly about the house, food disappears from 
the larder, and is found. buried. or stuck up the chimney, and other mischievous 
pranks of the same sort are continually played, to the annoyance of the family, and 
the amazement and awe of their neighbors. 

The matter has now become, we are assured, the theme of animated discussion 

through the whole surrounding country. 1t was alleged by many at the outset 
that the whole affair was a clever piece of legerdemain, carried on by the women 
of the Horrman family. This charge they denied with indignation, and invited 
the most thorough investigation, All classes have been asked to come and see for 
themselves, and. people have accepted the offer in great numbers, and with much 
closeness of scrutiny. In fact, the pressure of visitors has been so heavy, that at 
last some discrimination has been rendered unavoidable, and the the Wooster Xe- 
publican says that three hundred persons were refused admittance on one day. 
Committees of examination have been at work for weeks, but strangely enough, 
not even a clue to the affair has been attained. All who go, see, hear, and attest 
to the same things. Some visitors — doubtless the most inquisitive and incredu- 
lors ones — have been subjected to the same persecutions as the HoFFMANS them- 
selves. For example, ladies have had their dresses cut and rent, to quote the 
words of the Republican, ‘in daylight and in the presence of individuals who were 
on the watch for such depredations.’ Again, a reporter's hat was slashed intó 
ribbons — the hat having been during the whole time of the owner's visit ‘upon a 
small stand in the room where all were, and could not have been moved from its 
plaee, or the aetion would have been observed." 

“ Mr. HOFFMAN, the head of the family, who took up his abode elsewhere for a 
time — the ghosts never troubling him individually under such circumstances — 
has returned home. He has taken this step beceuse of the entreaties of his wile 
and daughters to come and protect them. We have already explained that a 
change of residence on the part of the ladies is followed by no relief. Mr. Horr- 
MAN's contumacy in returning to the domestic hearth, against the apparent wish 
of the unseen demons, is sharply punished by them in the old way. They cut his 
elothes, and. steal his money, and pull his hair, and play him all manner of disa- 
ereeable tricks. Lately too, they have devised a fresh and poignant torture for his 
daughters. On managing to get to sleep, atter the excitement and worry of the 
day, these persecuted females are suddenly aroused by the sensation of being punc- 
tured with pins. This, it will be observed, is a leat from the book of many of the 
old-fashioned spectres, and, before the Hotliman ghosts are tound out, the whole 
ancient catalogue of thaumatureical exploits will probably be gone through. Mean- 
while it must be recorded to the credit of the mystic operators, that their reputa- 
tion for professional skill is considerably raised by their protracted escape from 
detection. The number of investigators has been greatly multiplied, and the 
chance for catching the ghosts tripping are of course multiplied also. But neither 
the Presbyterian divines, nor the table-tippers, neither the pedagovues of the re- 
wion, nor the physicians, can boast so far, that they have thrown the least light on 
the mystery, or have gained any advantage the one over the other. V 

Several Ohio newspapers have been represented at the house of the HOFFMANS, 


a ae 


Ir The Spiritual Analyst. 


«ometines by theimeditors and somettmes by reporters i and all them aeeounts seem 


to be exactly confirmatory of cach other ind of what we have deseribed. 


saxo wirnorr Tort i Gow” Sanday. June the Lith, we had the 
pleasure of speaking to the Radical Pree-thinkers, Spiritualists and. Liberalists 
of Marlboro, Mass. ‘Phe lecture did not commenee until 2 o'clock. P. M.. and 
we had the tore part of the day for “ending meeting,” W we chose. We did 
choses a friend inviting. and went to the Universalist Church. It. proved to 
be a cool, comfortible place, with "nothing to molest, or make us afraid," 
except the large number of empty pews. The sermon and services were 
rather serions and heavy: but otherwise liberalizins. Indeed, some passages 
in the sermon were emphatieally un-orthoxieal,” and suggested much more 
than was stated by the preacher. OU these, the following is the most notice- 
able,— 

Daring the “Anniversaries of May, the preacher visited a Presbyterian 
meeting. and heard a report read by a prominent member, on “the spiritual 
condition of the world." The detail was bud; but the conclusion of the whole 
matter worse s lor dt appeared by the aid of multiplication and substraction, 
that "during the pest pty years, over twelve hundred MUULIONS of human 
beings have died, and gone into the world of spirits, without any hope in 
God. 

Reflecting upon this preposterous statement, the preacher concluded; Ist, 
that the report was falsez 2d, that he would not preach from the Bible, if he 
thought its teachings justified sueh miserable prospects for the dying and the 
dead; and Sd, that he could not blame those who believed the Bible incul- 
cated sueh blasphemous views of God and Nature, for rejecting it as a revela- 
tion of “good news.” 

We agreed with the first conclusion, and a quarter of a century ago put in 
practice the second, believing the fundamental doctrines of the Bible incul- 
ented just. such “blasphemies,” the preacher and the Universalists to the con- 
trary, notwithstanding; but independent of all abstractions on blasphemy, the 
above report suggests a question for the consideration of those who help to 
support sixty-one thousand clergymen annually, at an expense of $42,000,000, 
"Dots rr pay 27 


EXPLANATORY AND ScGGEsTIVE.—Mr. E. S. Wheeler in the first July is- 
sue ol tlie American Spiritualist, has a friendly notice of the July number of the 
Analyst, from which we extract the following, —tlie better to point the moral 
and entorce the logic of what we have already offered on tlie subject. 

“Sigh tal lie,” says Mr. ‘Toohey ina note, and recalls to mind that at Lawrence, 
Massa halfa decade aio, he was synoptically, and henee of necessity partially report- 
ed. He declared, be says, his preference for genuine mediumship, over “mere shut, 
eyed imitations.” The word “mere” with a great deal else was omitted from the re- 
port of a long debate, which occasioned a widening understanding, whereby he was 
charged with being an enemy of media and a disparager of mediumship, when he 


Reports and Notes. 415 
has been, for a score of years, a friend to one, and a trusting student of the other. 
All this has been circulated to his personal discredit and general damage, although 
as he writes, “the reporter before and since our last visit West has put a few lines in 
the Spiritual papers as partial correction.” 

It is to be regretted that. the unnecessary sensitiveness of anv one interested in the 
popularity of some special phase of ** abnormalism," should induce them to make the 
literal wording of an imperfect report the ground of a disparaging attack upon an in- 
dividual. To fully and wholly report the doings of a lively convention day after day 
would be diflicult, perhaps unprofitable. Synopsis may be attempted, but when 
speakers are themselves concentrative and close, omission of words abrogates sense, 
and justifiable complaint follows. Those who Write and publish may learn a lesson ; 
but those who read and discuss have equal reason for consideration. 

* First, let us have an end of persecution for opinion sake — even though one af- 
firms his lack of confidence in some who see with their eyes shut ! 

* Second, let speakers be plain and direct; reporters attentive and faithful; edi- 
tors and publishers impartial and liberal; above all. let readers be candid, sensible 
and receptive, more anxious to make known, magnanimously, the 52277/ of the record 
than hold an ernest mind condemned for uncertain words spoken in heat of debate, 
and reported in the imperfection of abbreviated haste. 

* Asan Anthropologist, Mr. Toobey has made mediumship a study ; aud all classes 
of sensitives will do better to acquire his knowledge than to attempt to create a pre- 
judice against him, on account of any utterance he may make — “ shut-eyed " or 
open-eyed. We have come to the eve of the time when “mere” pretense cannot be 
made profitable; and assumption from any quarter must be backed by demostrations 
of ability and attainment." 


Famity DrcrENsrON. The Rochester ee publishes the following 
under the heading, “Influence of Age over Youth" ; but does that single fact 
account for the declenston of four religiously tiene daughters from one 
family? We think not, since similar retrogressions in religious families point 
to other and deeper causes. The saying, that “Minister’s sons and deacon’s 
daughters are apt to be wild,” points to a common experience, and means 
something fundamental. So thinking, we will return to the subject, and at- 
tempt explanation of a much neglected department in the science of “sex- 
ology.” Meanwhile, let all who can, account for the fact, that — 


“Tn 186—, the daughter of a Presbyterian clergyman in the centre of this State 
(New York) who had been reared in a strict and rigid manner, proceeded to New 
Haven, Conn., to spend a month with friends during the college commencement 
season. While there, taking advantage of the new freedom from restraint afforded 
her, she carried on extensive flirtations with the students, and was ruined by a 
member of the senior class. He persuaded her to leave her friends and return with 
him to New York instead of going home. Singular to relate, she appeared almost 
from choice to enter upon city dissipations and excesses, until, becoming thoroughly 
hardened and depraved, a sister came to visit her and persuade her to go back to 
her father’s home. Instead of doing so, however, the visiting sister was persuaded 
to remain and enter on the same terrible lite which her sister was leading. Since 
then the two abandoned women have allured their two younger sisters away from 


Tt The Spiritual Analyst. 


basnioU in New York. A more melancholy instance of power of older upon younger 
Parents unquestionably sometimes 


the paternal roof) and the four are now keeping, what is known as a “fashionable 


members of a family never eame to nottec. 


commit a mistake in bringing up their children under too rigorous regulations, 


especially if they be strong positive natures, 


THIS SPIRITUAL ANALYST, bo WIAT IS SAID OF IT. 


‘The introduction of à new reniopicaL into the family of publie 
prints, resembles in some particulars the entrance of the ‘new 
comer in the domestie eircle ; for each has to undergo a certain 
amount of inspection, eritieism and approval before the family wel- 
come is warmly and heartily extended. ** Big brothers " and si/4y 
sisters often complicate and prolong the ** probation," and end in 
considering the new born ^ a good for nothing” and an incumber- 
anee. Should there be vo brothers or sisters, there are other men- 
bers, elders and relatives, who have fears to express and improvements 
to suggest about the eiality and probable usefulness of the new aspi- 
rant. ‘The elders may be as poor as the leanest cf ** Job's kine,” 
and as near death as ** the last rose of summer? but that does not 
prevent them from being ** wise in their own concett," nor save them 
from being selfish to the last degree of meanness. And all this comes 
independently of * the culling of the teeth,” and the getting the 
wherewithal to sharpen the teeth upon. 

Fortunately for us, we have had very little of this kind of family 
authority extended to the Analyste For the most part the welcome 
has been warm, appreciative and honest. Those who have known 
us longest and best, have been most prompt to notice our eflorts and 
commend the undertaking. Policy and individual preferences have 
not prevented the generous from acknowledging the merits of the 
Publication, nor withheld them from speaking and writing truthful 
and discriminative words about the qualifications of the editor. 

Of the three notices of the Analyst which have appeared in the 
American Spiritualist, the following extract from the pen of Geo. A. 
Bacon will illustrate the scope and tenor of this generous apprecia- 
tion, Writing of the Monthly, and in advance of the first issue of 
the slnalyst, (May Gth) he says: — 

“ Prot. Toohey resumes the editorial pen atter several years of systematic study 
and comparative silence, bringing to his present task more than ordinary mental 
fitness. We doubt not he will make it a highly critical, able and instructive maga- 
zine. Certainly there is an absolute need, and we trust there will be developed a 


Reports and Notes. 415 


demand, for an exact compendium and record of Spiritualism in all its outlooks. 
The present status of the Spiritual movement requires something of the kind." 


Equally prompt, the Banner of Light, so well and generally known 
as the oldest existing expositor of the philosophy of spirit-intercourse, 
made note of our progress month by month, and in its issue of July 
15th, reports us as follows : — 


“Tur SPIRITUAL ANALYST for July is a manifest improvement on previous 
issues, offering a table of contents that will challenge general admiration. The 
talent and industry of the editor are conspicuous throughout the number. Mr. 
Toohey leads off with an article based on the inquiry, *Is Christianity a Finality 
or a Failure?" and this is followed by a goodly list of sterling articles on Com- 
munion with Nature; Poetry, its Development and Uses; Illumination, or the 
Sleep- Waker; Where are the Dead? Consciousness, by John Pierpont; Biblical 
Spiritualism ; Scientific Record ; Reports and Notes; and Literary. The Analyst 
is of the true magazine stamp and spirit, and displays a freshness and vigor that 
promise good fruits for the future." 


The detail of this statement is further set forth by a friendly re- 
port in the Western Department of the Banner. Cephas B. Lynn, 
writing of * The Spiritual Analyst,” says: — 


« This magazine, issued monthly, is now under the editorial supervision of Prof. 
J. H. W. Toohey. The June number is full of interesting matter. The man in 
the “ easy chair” talks like a clear-headed philosopher, possessing all the method 
of the scientist, and the sunny wit of the natural humorist. The *'Scientific 
Record " is valuable, and then there are able essays, and a choice selected narra- 
tive. We shall anxiously look for the 4 xa/ys£ as the months come and go, for we 
shall find calm, dignified, pro;zressive and scientific statements on the all-important 
theme of Spiritualism. We hope to see an essay on * Mediumship," before long, 
in this publication." 


In answer to the closing suggestion, we can only state the fact, — 
that we have been working upon an Essay on Mepiumsuip; Its Con- 
DITIONS AND PLACE IN NATURE; which we hope to publish, with our 
review of A. J. Davis’s criticisms of Spiritualism and Spiritualists, 
before many months. Just when, however, we cannot state. 

Moses Hull, in the Crucible, though given to melling crude things 
with earnest thought, “ comes down " thus lightly on the Analyst in 
his issue of July 15th. He says: — 

“The July number of this excellent Magazine, “devoted to life and its issues,” 
is before us. The publishers are well known and have ever been known to do 
their work right. Prof. Toohey, as editor, fully meets the anticipations of his most 
sanguine friends. He seems to fully endorse the doctrine of “leaving the first 
principles, and going on to perfection." He uses the Spiritual Phenomena — as it 
should be used — as a child uses the alphabet. He no more believes that having 
once learned the Phenomenal phase of Spiritualism, we should eternally dally with 
it, than that old grey-headed men and women should spend all their time in look- 


6 


IBIT The Spiritual Analyst. 
Det over ana b.e, primer book, which onee proved. usetul to them, 8*5 k œ 
Evere article in the Laria will come quite up to what may be expeeted Irom 
readin tts title 

later, on comin to Boston, Moses. ealled. at the oflieo. of the 


Spiritual Aualust. 

WOR. Brown N Co, have worked hard to mako n monthly, deserving ol Sup- 
port, and they are stieceedins. The mechanieal execution. of the 2 207ry/ is not. 
eseelled by any journal on tlie eontinent. Prot 4d. HH. We. Toohey proves. hiniselt! 
well adapted to the work of condueting qst such a journal as the d arsZ.— "hore 


y A $ n . " ` . 
i5 only oue question now, will the. Spiritualists sustain Messrs. Brown, Twitchell 


and Poohey in their work.” 
These wood words for the Purtisnens are timely and well desorved, 
as they desire to fll, and more than [ill the promise. made to the 


public when the Monthly was first projected. FE this is roalized. and 


responded to, the work will go bravely on. 

Horace Seaver, of the Boston Jprestimator, although iconoclastic 
rather Chan eonsteuetive, seems to think the Analyst makes, — 

vA neat appearance ty poeraphieally, and is well mannged editorially, for Mr. 
Toohey is able and liberal, and, for a Spiritualist, progressive, though we. don't 
know that we ought to express a decided opinion of à sort of progress that * no eye 
hath seen or ean see, so far as if relates to another world. However, we shall 
vead the 2 ualrsz and Neteniific Record eavetully, as we vatlier like its name and 
purpose." 

This was in May (2d), sinee. when, n sheht echange has como to 
his thinking about spiritual analysis, for he says, (August 2d.) 

"The Spritual oL uadvst Aor Ausust is Spiritual, and nothing else, though not 
quite so Cinatieal as some of its. school, but we notie 
We are sorry to learn the faet, as we 


e that it says the ‘spirit mani- 
lestations * are not by any means subsiding. 
had hoped that this folly was dying out, hut religious errors are. lone lived — and 
it seems to us but a continuation of them to talk otf spiritual analysis, One may 
analyze material matters, for in that ease. there is something substantial to work 
upon, bat analyzing a spirit is like separating nothing from nothing, or so it 
appears to us, But perhaps the 2H gavsz ean tell how this is done.” 

We think the ** thing" ean. be done, and will get around to. tho 
needs of the Investigator ** some of these days." Thero is “a good 
time coming,” friend Seaver, only wait ** a little longer.” 

7. €. Cleveland, Fditor of the Yates County (N. Y.) Chronicle, a 
liberal and enterprising publicist of the progressive school, after no- 
tieing the contents and general make-up of the June Analyst, says :— 

“Mr Toohey is à inan. of broad. culture and much ability. He will make an 
excellent Editor of such a periodical as the 24 4a7ys/ proposes to be. His scientific 
notes are. particularly interesting. If he can succeed in bringing Spiritualism 


within the domain of science he will perform a good service, i he does not destroy — 


it altogether. We are glad, at any rate, to see his intellect and learning put to 
good serviee, and we wish him and his publishers abundant suecess.” 


wisdom whore S. S, Jones, Esq. is “boss? und high priest. 


Reports and Notes. 447 


Friend Cleveland should know us better, for our work is not to 
destroy, but to construct, And this we think will be the order of 
progress, as soon us mon and women learn to analyze phenomena, 
and become reconciled to the lowie of facts. 

S. C. Jones, the editor of tho Religio-Philosophie Journal, thus 
noticed the Analyst, June LOth:— 


“'Phis is the name of à new monthly jnst started, =J, H. W. ‘Toohey, editor. 
Tt is niecly printed, and all the articles bear evidence of deep roseurcehi, and are 
vory interesting.” 

Two months liter, the same " Ledieio-Philosophic” Journal re- 
ports us as follows : — 


Phe last number of the .fva/ys¢ comes to hand Inden with criticims from. the 
pon of IS. Wheeler, on the writings of the Ponghkeepsio Seer. 

That's right; eut right and left, Brother. Wheeler; let the world know that you 
live! But what a pity it ia that you have not been. the author of is many grand 
productions as Brother. Davis; then some eritie could got n hit at you, But as 
long ns you persist in a masterly inactivity, xo far us any literary production is 
concerned, you are safe — porfectly so. Write n book, Brother. Wheeler, and vive 
some eritieal pen à chance to stab you. Several, no doubt, are waiting for tho 
opportunity. 

Wo wonder what. Brother Davis thinks of these troublesome critics — Wheeler, 
Toohey, Powell, and others, Wo wonder if he ever says “ Shoo fly," or does his 
Anows iteh when he reads their fulminations us if an Illinois ox-tly was around, 

We have always admired Brother Davis, nnd have sometimes somewhat envied 
him in his happiness, but sinee the crities have been buzzing around his ear like a 
June hug around a potato vine, we feel that ho is pestered enough. 

Brother Davis, we leave you with the calm xatistietion that. you still live, and 
that our shelves are adorned with all your publications; and if you should ever 
wish to brush off your critics, as a milkmaid would uw troublesome fly, the columns 
of the Fourna/ we open to you; but if you persist in letting them be you, they 
will, like a Chicago Mosquito, become more bold and troublesome, and in. order to 
appear learned many will criticise you. 

We hope the 2 /a/vs? will bo able to withstand the «hock of this criticism. Ita 
predecessor was killed thereby, and its editor badly injured, and was compelled. to 
go to Murope to reeupermte, Some kinds of criticisms are poisonous, and nothing 
but a bath in the Thamos, or the genial air of Italy can thoroughly eradicate it 
from the system." 


Western oxtravarance is proverbial, but this is composed of equal 
parts of bad taste and worse sense. Analyzed, it says to Mr. Wheeler, 
“Mr. Davis has written books, and you have not “ Shoo fly?! don't you 


touch him or them critically, until you do! Logically making Mr. 
Davis u Spiritual Pope, and “Shoo fly” Wheeler and Company, 
“hugs” and “oa-flies.” And to crown this presumptious nonsense, 
these intellectual refinements (2) pass for “religio-philosophic” 


E 


ej 


TI Phe Npiiitual Analyst. 


Wo ty necurmebtrnar dy tlre hon poli nt enntdlooln ol Squire 
None sorted, quel hasten to cheve Ti anstety abont the Cutura of 
tho basses, by asma Dm hat at its] ness with a fle prospect 
eta centu ned uesetul tite Hut should (€ nuderpo some Paturo 
ated additional changes i6 will only esperienee tho phortafieoss inol» 


amd se far resemble he earlier development 
4 


dent (Gita OT 
el the AO domnal SUM, we es peet fev a "eller things 

We albe hope the entier e£. Mr Wheeler will iiidluee those who 
lave not the publications ol Me Davis, fo pel mid veel (iom, tint 
thev may know fone Par tho charactor af our inse with Mv, Davin, in 
ecd Dem any and tho A 2 Journal van pivo it” 

e 
"od HE SCIEN EER TO: AMERICAN, NOP OUPPTS SCI 
PNET 


Ihe Na 60 peers el canat 129 contain tho history of tho fate manllistas 
bens in Eostad, wilh illustrating representing the; mnehinery nanl on tha porns 
weno Ehe nieeennt et Me Crookes, fagethor with (he letters off the othor gentleman 
m atteidanee are published m full, the whole wminlinjr a clear and eteeiumatantial atate 
ient eb he means, imetleda and resulta of the. *esperimental investipation." 

Pius speaks well fer the beris, and dllustratea how personal prejudiee fa forced. 
(o respect Che Coormpgliness and impartiality af acieutifle investigation, — Neverthlies 
loaa the boron has to aav a worl or (wo agalnat. (he spirita and the medina, == 
pist enough (o anform: do Chealagient and. matenialiatie coadors Chat dt haa more 
reapeet for thur prepeliees. and. foregone eonclialons than (oe the. logie of sien. 
Lore te the conclusion of dta eliterial 

"We are glad these investigations are (hin Initinted;— Heretofore, when anything 
ont ob (he common way has oceurred, a solution has been found by à eertaln elus of 
winds, m the. heliet Chat apirit of (he dead. vevisit. the earth und manifest; their 
presence by ont ot tlie way performanees, ote U the oslatenee ol pliyale foren he 
How accepted as proved, t will give the aplrita a chanco to vont | thora services will 
ne longer ho required, 

Those esperimenta, performed Chovagh the presenee of the celebrated api ritual 
medinm, Damel Dunglaa Home, are ne more remarkable than those exhibited. iu 
hs eenntey by ether medina we contd name, mul whieh we have frequently wit 
messed Dos thou anhjectiow to attol selentitle aerntiny that rondors thom iotleeas 
ble at this times 

Who opening atatement in eoo] even for à selentifle sheptie, for 4 more than tite 
ples that. the phenomena da Ameren has not boon inveathgated during tho past 
twenty vere But thus ia not he (rat time an editor has done vlolenee to hia con 
vietions and the radical innen of the age, to plen&e his sibaserlbers | and eonslidlere 
ing how powertil a tyrant " publie: opinion" by [will not be tho taat, 1 la nur 
prisimnp, nevertheless, that à seientifie man, who has"! Iequently witnessed mediumi* — 
etie manitestationa. in thie eountey, ns remarkable us those ot Me, Tomo, should 
iidulye i suci commonplace; particularly, when bia newie piper exehanges lurndah 
him with almost daily. oceurrenecs, whieh prove the activity of the. aplrita aml t 
diveet opposite ot their holy " at roat” ‘Take the following ense. from tha 
Republican of vovent date. 


Reeent Publications, 4d 

"-— ^ yt 
u Nyerat Hints Phe following oeenrrenen ta onbil (o have Oben plien 
" n few milua from here, tast Moiedliy,— A yennp man wia an unfltunate na dn diolo 


ente one or hla abonklet jolna, Pwo pliyetednna atemptat, in valn, to rnmbuee thn 
dislocation why mes while the patient wrna resting em the; quin aet fntipun 
ef the valn aiempi, he olt hie arm armdunally rnleed to nn estepmhed qusttion nid 
tho head of he iebeented hone eesmbilby slip inte dto proper pleno Pe es perienen 
no pain whatever, but pdalily Nitea baml upon hia nimi qonmd mmn hls hend, hia 
anw n fimale — thi esaet eountorpatt of Tus mother, who lina been dead à number 
wl yema, "Pho nage was. present to hm. but ac inmment, mih then Alappal: 
When the pliyalebiang returned ti tho room to makea anotheratteimpt to gperluen thu 
Uialoeation, they found the worh done, amt the line (n des proper pusltlon 


Aud Chobe innifestntion Huatana only one phasi of the many, whieh für twenty 
yona have buan occurri n thowanmla of homes Ini (his epini Pho merit of tha 
Wto Inveatipation (Qierefire la not in proving what la, and has been well hnown luec 

| fire, but i demenateating: toe hose, who need the nfionmatien, (he important Aiter 
enoa between pimlbvidunt, private esperienees, and piblo demonstrations, for, ao 
lony an Ut At dn possibile Dar one neenon to bo mlataken, he tentiineony of. two, ren or 
more pokona esually Intelligent on the same polt, wil ba eonsidered more reliable 
end go Mirtha na oviidenes thon (o one, 

Phe one may heo as (me na tho many, but the testimony of tha Formey la not eon 
elusive with the. laton On thia philosophy the. multiplication of witiesanen hna n 
value, for the improbabilities are grenter agalnat the many belng mistahen than the 
ones Bat even thia method of testing (euh dn not dnfallible, na every render of hias 
tory hows, but when aclenee mnkoa ita own toata, Inventa Hn own methods of. vert 
(vation, and demonstrates nothing, not previousiy known, tho Infirenee fa, Ui rye 
ln more imopentille than ome of Ha taachora, and more. collate than. tlie melita ane 


! porting roch enposltors, 

24 li s not the rst Gne. bowavor the dogmatis off acklentifie men has bronpht ele 
enea (nto diseredit| but that day las passed, wlth the Intelligent, alineo the. revlon 
af avlonve hara boan too memoria, and her trothe are too well extalilledi d to be 
aerioualy Injured by the errors of hee well monning but. occasionally inistahen pops 
vinti We hope accordingly for tho (iether education and speedy eonveralon of the 
Netent(fie Amenwan, to the veeapnition af a Neri as well ae a Nerve. Poron, fiir it 
in not Von kocping with the (uelligenes of men loaa eiueated: than the editor of the 
Nedeat fie Amervan, to eeept half trithe, when thay enn obtaln tha winorg and 


(hat they got dn rovogulalng the BrinireAn Usirry of Nature, and the probability 
oth aplilt-intenourse, 


4 ! E 
M eecent Publicntton». 


Minimi nes Gase LU 


"Vu Purauy SvNormia op UNtvpusotcouyY AND. AcwaTo, Thm New Mer 
UNo ViNivknsAG LANaunAag dy Stephon Poari Audiewa, New York] 
Dion ‘Chomann, HA Fulton Nereetj 1871; pp. 24. 


The Intelleetun! developinenta of tho poat lint eentuey, nmt the Gulli neholurshilp of 

Mr, Atidiewa, unte bn thie hudef expresslon of " enlversology,"— U dn n entlimiuntion na 

well wx nn neennimtitlon |j n eonateuetion ix well aa nn nunlysls j aud nppenla to the atis 
dont fn the folie angyeativoncas of the Better and beat dovelopmenta of the. individual nnd 

Hd nm attempt te master te outlooka of ether thinkers, 
und. improve npon Chale resulta, = thu many Handling: ex presion i and tlirongh the eno. 


"ote pormmeons achievements, 


450 The Spiritual Analyst. 


It is more than a system, it is a science, — organic and fundamental, — combining the 
known truths of the universe; the uniformities of Nature; and the verified acknowledge- 
ments of conscious Life. 

‘Those unacquainted with the mental qualifications of Mr. Andrews, and the many efforts 
made in the interests of so vast an undertaking, may consider it more assumptive than 
practical, — a conceit rather than a possibility; but all such should know that Mr. An- 
drews is “a natural” linguist, as well as an earnest, industrious and enterprising student. 
Early evidence of this was given nearly thirty years ago, (1845) when he was the known 
and acknowledged expositor of “ Piunau's System of Phonography ”; and the publisher 
of ** The Phonographic Class Book and Reader." Subsequent “ Discoveries in Chinese ” 
and the publication of a French Grammar, were the ripening fruit of this basic study, — 
the further outlook of which was to be “a larger work,” which should extend to all the 
Primitive Chinese Characters, including Clefs and Phonetics.” [Introduction to Discov- 


E 


eries, &c.] 

The importance of these discoveries were acknowledged as soon as published, (1854) and 
prompted the book reviewer of the Tribune to say: “ We regard the investigation of Mr. 
Andrews as the first scientific and satisfactory opening of the Chinese to the Occidental 
world, Unless we are merch mistaken, he has done for that language what the great 
Champollion did for the Egyptian —he has discovered the c/ue which reduces what has 
heretofore appeared as only a mass of incongruities and confusion, into compact, accessible 
and useful order.” 

This, however, was only a partial application of “a larger work," — a fundamenta 
analysis of the root-words of the leading classical and modern European languages ; from 
a point of view entirely novel in this species of study ; ‘a new science," which he denomi- 
aated "" IntoLoa Y: the Philosophical and Historical Evolution of Human Thought; 
which has underlaid and inspired the development of human language, and is thercfore 
logically precedent to it." [Introduction to Discoveries, &c., p. 5.] 

The desire, therefore, to found a new, scientific and universal language, was original 
with the youthful student, and ripened with maturing years and scholarly efforts, uniil 
appreciative and competent judges “cordially concur in urging the publication of the 
work at the earliest possible date." Prominent among these are: — Park Godwin, Prof. 
E. L. Youmans, George Opdyke, Rev. O. B. Frothingham, and many others; most of . 
whom have more or less of a national reputation, although residing for the most part in 
the city or vicinity of New York. 

The theory of an * universal language," important and fundamental as Mr. Andrews 
considers it, is but a part of the intellectual results of the study that finds expression in 
* Universolovy.” As early as 1850 he was carnest and active in developing “the science 
of society." Vindicating the natural rights of the Individual against the assumptions of 
tradition and custom, he was bold to say : “ Socialism demands, and will end by achieving 
the untrameled selfhood of the Individual in the private relations of life; but out of that 
universal self-hood shall grow the highest harmonies of social relationship.” [Science of s 
Societv, No. 1, p. 40-1.] 

This gencral statement was supported by a systematic detail of “ Principles,” the better 
to introduce “honesty in Trane,” and make “ Cost the Limit of Price.” Not content, 
however, with generalizing fundamental thought in socialistic reform, he adds EXreRı- 
MENT to conviction, and taxes his time, strength and general resources to demonstrate the 
practical of “ EQUITABLE COMMERCE,” and co-operative industry. “ Trialville, O., and * 
Modern Times, L. I., developed experiences and analogical results, the logic of which 
deepened conviction and worked out the science of the uN1ivERSAL. Success and failure : 
contributed to this result, and were alike profitable to the science-builder, however disap- i 
pointing the latter to the practical man; for Fourierism in France, Owenisin in England, 
and Communism in America, had failed in “ The Solution of the Social Problem.” [See 
Science of Society, No. 2, 1851.] r 


-— 


Recent Publications. 45] 


Thus the logic of events in the developments of sociology, as well as the individual 
enterprise of Mr. Andrews, brings us face to face with universal experience and the science 
of th: kaowable. The conclusion is, that * universolorgy " is more than a possibiiitv: and 
better than theory in the presence of the developed actual of Mr. Andrews. Commencing 
with Language, as Comte did with Mathematics, * the elements of sound" are presented 
as the Analogues or Individual Echoes of the elements of the Universe itself, which are 
the Proto-pragmata and Abstract Principle of which it is composed." (p. 45.) From this 
it is inferred that each sound of the voice in specch, such as 1s represented by the Letters 
of the Alphabet, is the Analogue of some Particular First Entity or Governing Principlo 
of Universal Being ; and that inversely, that Particular Entity or Principle is the true 
meaning by Analogy of the giving Alphabetical sounds ; and that all such Principles must 
be measured numerically and by Exact Echoes in all senses, by the number and character 
of the elem-ntary sounds of the True Universal Alphabet of Language." — [P. 72, p. 45-6.] 

The further application of these ** Governing Principles," divides Language into three 
parts, corresponding to divisions in Being, — Life — its Principles and Appliances; all 
of which finds expression 7m and through the spoken word, making Language a Science 
and an Art. A broader generalization carries these elementary divisions into the uniforin- 
ities of law, making “only Three Fundamental Prixcivces in the Universe. These are 
Unis, Duism, and Trinism, because they are derived from, and stand definitely related 
to the numbers Oxe, Two, and THREE.”  (Jntroduction ] 

‘I'he detail necessary to these fundamental Principles, will be found in * The Primary 
Synopsis " and “ The Basic Outline ot Universology.” The first is now before the public, 
to introduce and prepare the way for the second, — both being auxiliary to the larger and 
perfected work. How far the size and binding will be uniform, is not stated; but the 
letter-press speaks for itself; and the well known taste displayed by Mr. Thomas in the 
getting up of his publications, gives promise that the series will receive a liberal finish and 
a substantial binding. New type clear print, good paper, and eminent sense, thus unite 
to make the promised volumes deservedly attractive with all thoughtful and studious per- 
sons, desiring to master the unites of Life, the uniformities of Nature, and the certainties o 
Science. 

Having the synopsis only, we are confined to a notice, postponing all criticism. When 
we know more, we may have something additional to ofter, as the subject matter is funda- 
mental to the Science of the Real, and the philosophy of the Possible. 


Tue Titrory or UxiversaL Unity. By Charles Faurier. With Notes and 
Appendix by A. Brisbane. New York; News Company. 


CULVERT, in common with the multitude, considers Faurier a visionary, because he 
proposed ‘to make a l men honest" ! and says it was natural that he should be so repre- 
sented, having proposed ‘so stupendous a revolution in human affairs "; but the conceit is 
as foreign to Faurier, as it is insulting to humain nature. The fact is, Faurier did not 
propose to improve upon Nature, but to improve the conditions of society ; so that men, 
women and children would not be induced to be di-honest. Not making this distinction, 
* the czvilizee" generally fails to understand the real intentions of the apostles and disciples 
of Socialism. 

Understanding the matter better, Faurier was not surprised to find the historic sages 
“looking forward to a time when the human race should arrive at a happier destiny than 
that of civilization," and says: ‘ We find this prognostication in the pages of the most 
renowned authors, from Socrates, who argued that some dav the light would descend upon 
the earth, to Voltaire, who, impatient to see it descend, exclaimed : ** How dark a night still 
veils all Nature's face?” Plato and other Greek philosophers expressed the same idea, in 
other terms. Their utopeas were an indirect accusation of the genius of their age, 
which could not conceive of anything beyond the civilized regime! These writers are 
regarded as oracles of wisdom, and yet from Socrates to Ronsseau we find the most eminent 
of them deploring the insufficiency of their tieories. They admit the falseness of the 
social state and the impertection of our political sciences. Moutesquien thinks that the 
social world is afHicted by a chronic debility, by an internal malady, by a hidden virus ! ! 
and Rousseau, speaking of the civilizees, says: “ These beings whom we see around us, 
are not men; there is some perversion, the cause of which we cannot penetrate.” — [Chap. 
3d, p. 61.] 

Faurier thus vindicates himself from singularity, in sharing the honor of good motives and 
noble aspirations with the reformers of other tunes and climes, — suggesting the nature 
of his reul issue and desires. As an end he no doubt wished to re-organize society ; but the 
real reality of his life and labors, was to develop a “unity of Man with himself”; a unity 
of Man with God ; and a unity of Man with the universe.” (D. 13.) This was the grand 
“end all and mend all” or Life's issues with him, as it has been with the good and great 
ali the wide world over.  Faurier, therefore, was not visionary, for he sympathized with 
the good and true of hum: ity, and felt * the good time coming " drawing nigh. 


292 The Spiritual Analyst. 


The history of his mental discoveries are proportionately interesting, and the methods by 
which he hoped to effect the great sorial and passional revolatiom he worked for, mast ever 
remain among the attractive atadies of mankind. His theory of unity is fundamental to 
his philosophy of history and life, and ia more or less reflected in and through all his writ- 
inga. The present volumes, however, with the aid of Mr. Drisbane's notes, will aid the 
English student in mastering the details of Faurierism, although the work would be easier 
were the type a triflz larger. 

Manxigp yog Born Wokrps. By Mrs. A. E. Porter. Boston: Lee & Shepard. 

1571. pp. 251. 


While the sympathy of the writer and the sentiment of the narrative are in the interest 
of religion, the title of the book and some of the statements in it, are hardly in keeping with 
the text of the New Testament, and the so called “Orthodoxy” of the day. The tit/z says, 
“ Married for Both Worlds"; bat Jesus said, “In the resurrection, they neither marry, 
nor are they given in marriage, &c., &c.” [Matt. ch. 22: 30.] 

The heroine and her husband, however, believe in a anion forever; and sh» lives a faith- 
ful, truthful and trasting life after his translation, inspired by that conviction. The story 
is eventful, but neither tonchingly descriptive nor startlingly dramatic. It haa little philosl 
osphy and less science — the detail coming within the domain of the social, domestic and 
religious spheres of life. She local of the story is in a retired village, '* where the parish- 
ioncra lived im simplicity, satisfied with the faith as delivered to the saints, though in 
New York and Boston tables were turning and spirits were writing. Swelenbourg was 
unknown there, and the Bible and Pilgrim’s Progress were their teachers in spiritual 
things." (p. 15.) Nevertheless, the heroine eventually finds consolation in knowing there 
are “ministering spirits” and that her " husband. was with” her. (p. 206.) The book, 
however, is better adapted to the Sunday School. than to general circulation 


A TrriurLE Temrration. By Charles Reale. Z//nstrated. Boston: James 
R. Osgood & Co. 1871. 


This is the authorized edition, and the tenth volume in the series of the author's publica- 
tions. It is complete in iteelf, and yet there are trains of thought and resemblances in 
scones and characters, that recall mach of the latter part of “Hard Cash." Whoever has 
read the one, should read the other, and master the working policy of the Asylums and 
Hospitals for the insane in England. The pictures are occasionally distressing, but their 
truthfulness is the most distressing part of the matter. Mr. Reade, however, is educating 
the public, bringing order out of chaos. His books, accordingly, should be kept circulating, 
notwithatanding the leyal fiction that classifies them as Novels. The narrative is clear- 
compact and circumstantial; the scenes for the most part being highly dramatic and 
startling. An instructive detail. 


Nanant: AND. WHat 1s To bE Seen Tuere. Boston: W. F. Brown & Co, 
1871, 


The letter-press of this delightful little manual is a triumph of art, and a fitting frame for 
the clear and circumstantial detail of what is to be seen in Nahant and vicinity. 

Persons visiting Boston Bay for a boat ride or an excursion, will find much in this little 
volume to “throw light " on surrounding objects, making it enay for the traveller to “ find 
tongues in trees, books in the rolling aca, sermons in stones, and intelligence in everything.” 


Tug Psarms or Live. By John 8. Adams. Boston: Adams & Co., 25 Brom- 
ficld Street. 


This is a neat volume, containing 522 Hymns and Chants, which ia destined to supply a 
deficiency in mhe department of Song, and is admirably adapted for Circles, Lyceums, and 
home use. Jt combines the dear and familiar tunes of the past, with words and senine 
adapted to the progress of the sge — choice selections from our favorite pocta. 


* 
-*