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Islamic Education 

Grade 5 

Molvi Abdul Aziz 

MA. Engfcah Lrmtuf* 


Islamic Education 

Grade 5 


The present series covers alE areas of Islamic 
studies: tafseer, hadeeth, tawhced fiqh, seeroh, and 
general etiquette relating to different areas and 
situations. Every effort has been made to ensure that 
the material presented in the series is authentic, and 
most of the terms are presented in their original Arabic 
script, along with the transliteration and the translation 
of their meanings. This also applies to supplications 
which have to be memorised in their Arabic version. 
The aim here is to help the reader read the original text 
and understand its meaning. Each lesson Is followed by 
exercises covering questions about the lesson. 

One striking feature in the series is the colourful 
artwork used in it thatcertainly appeals to children. This 
is ceitainly bound to attract the young readers' 
attention, stimulate them, amuse them as well as 
educate them. 

The series aims to acquaint the student with the 
teachings of Islam in every aspect: beliefs, practicesand 
moral conduct. The series, with its unique features, 
certainly fills a gap in this area which has long been 
partially neglected. 



Riyadh Jeddah Al-Khobar Sharjah Lahore 
London Houston New York 

Kipipt »p Cm** 



~*0*~ Grade 5 -*0~- 

Given the dire need for Islamic studies material in 
schools incorporating the subject in English, 
Darussalam has endeavoured to publish an Islamic 
Studies series covering all the grades, from grade 
one through grade twelve. 

(C)Mataba Dar-us-Salam, 2011 

King Fahd National Library Cataloging-in-Publication Data 

Abdul Aziz, Moulavi 

Islamic Studies - grade 5. Moulavi Abdul Aziz -2. Riyadh, 2011 
160p; 17x24cm 

ISBN: 978-603-500-125-0 

1 -Islamic 2- Islam - General principles 
1- Title 

210 dc 1432/5334 1432/5334 
ISBN: 978-603-500-125-0 


No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, 
electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording or by any information 
storage and retrieval system, without the written permission of the publisher. 

Supervised by: Abdul Malik Mujahid 


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Publisher's Note 

All praise belongs to Allah; we praise Him and 
seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in 
Allah from the evil of our own selves and from our 
sinful deeds. Whomever Allah guides, there is none 
to misguide him, and whomever He leads astray, 
none can guide him. We bear witness that there is no 
god worthy of worship except Allah, alone, and we 
bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and 
Messenger. We pray to Allah the Almighty to bestow 
His peace and blessings upon Prophet Muhammad, 
upon his good and pure family, as well as upon all the 
noble companions and those who follow them in 
righteousness until the Day of Judgement. 

Given the dire need for Islamic studies material 
in schools incorporating the subject in English, 
Darussalam has endeavoured to publish an Islamic 
Studies series covering all the grades, from grade one 
through grade twelve. 

The series will cover all areas of Islamic 
studies: tafseer, hadeeth, tawheed, fiqh, seerah, and 
general etiquette relating to different areas and 
situations. Given the importance of authentic Islamic 
knowledge, every effort has been made to ensure 
that the material presented in the series is authentic. 
Also, given the importance of Arabic Islamic terms, 
most of the terms are presented in their original 
Arabic script, along with the transliteration and the 
translation of their meanings. This also applies to 
supplications which have to be memorised in their 
Arabic from. The aim here is to help the reader read 
the original text and understand its meaning. Each 
lesson is followed by exercises covering questions 
about the lesson. 

One striking feature in the series is the 
colourful artwork used in it that certainly appeals to 
children. This is certainly bound to attract the young 
readers' attention, stimulate them, amuse them as 
well as educate them. 

Publisher's Note 

The series aims to acquaint the student with 
the teachings of Islam in every aspect: beliefs, 
practices and moral conduct. The series, with its 
unique features, certainly fills a gap in this area which 
has long been partially neglected. 

The present breathtaking work was initiated by 
an expert in the field of education, Maulvi Abdul Aziz, 
MA. English literature, who held different posts in the 
field including that of Senior Administrative Officer in 
the Department of Private Education, Ministry of 
Education, Dubai, UAE, from 1 982 to 2002. 

The current project also owes its existence in 
its present form to a number of people who made 
informative suggestions, particularly Al-Arabee Ben 
Razzouq, College of Languages and Translation, 
Imam Muhammad ibn Saud University, Riyadh, who 
undertook the painstaking task of checking the 
authenticity of the material presented in the series, 
proofreading the text as well as adding references to 
certain quotations from the Qur'an and the hadeeth. 
Special thanks also go to Sheikh Abdul-Qawiy 
Luqman, Al-Madeenah University graduate, for his 
interesting suggestions and to Mr. Zulfiqar 
Mahmood who conscientiously applied his expertise 
in the field of graphic design to produce the series in 
a superb shape. 

We pray to Almighty Allah to reward our 
endeavours and to make the present series 
abundantly beneficial to students in all stages of 
education as well as to any one who reads them. 

Abdul Malik Mujahid 

Sha'aban, 1429 AH. 

August 2008. 





























Page Number 

Tawheed: Oneness of Allah 


Ar-Risaalah (The Message) 


Al-Akhirah (Life after Death) 


Surat at-Teen (The Fig) 


Surat al-Qadr (The Decree) 


Surat az-Zalzalah (The Earthquake) 


Surat al-Aadiyaat (The Racers) 


Surat al-Qaari'ah (The Striking Hour) 


Surat at-Takaathur (Greed for More and More) 


Surat al-Humazah (The Slanderer) 


Surat Quraysh 


Surat al-Maa'un (Help) 


Surat al-Kaafiroon (The Disbelievers) 


Prophet Muhammad ( H ) 


Prophet Muhammad [$£) 


Prophet Muhammad ( ^ ) 


Prophet Muhammad ( H ) 


Prophet Muhammad ( ^ ) 


Prophet Muhammad (^ ) 


Prophet Muhammad (ijg ) 


Prophet Ayyub ($$) 


Prophet Alyaas (M) 


Prophet Yunus (£&£#) 


The Best Use of Time 


Ammar ibn Yaasir (4&) 


Safiyyah bint Abd al-Muttalib (t&) 


Ruqayyah bint Muhammad (i&) 














Page Number 

Kindness to parents 


The Qur'an is th Word of Allah 


Fingerprints-The Unique Creation of Allah! 


Islamic Dress Code 


Etiquette of Eating and Drinking 


The Friday Prayer 


As-Sunan ar-Raatibah 


Al-Witr Prayer 


Dhikrullaah (Remembrance of Allah) 


Du'aa (Calling upon Allah) 


Some Sayings of the Prophet ( H ) 



JL*.} "" 

Tawheed: Oneness of Allah 

Tawheed is the most important belief in Islam. It means that 
Allah is One, Supreme and there is nothing like Him. Allah says in 
Surat al-lkhlaas, 

He is Allah, the One. 

Allah, the Everlasting Sustainer of all, 

He has not given birth and was not born; 

And no one is comparable to Him. 

Tawheed means Allah alone is the Creator. He is the only power 
behind the universe and the sole source of its guidance. He knows 
everything, sees everything and has power over everything. He is 
Eternal and is beyond human knowledge and reasoning. This does 
not mean that Allah is so far away that He cannot possibly know or 
care about what He created. On the contrary, He is close 

to all of us. He listens to our prayer when we call on to Him. It is Allah 
Who created us and so He knows everything about us. In fact, He is 
nearer to us than our jugular veins. Everything in the universe belongs 
to Allah. 

Allah knows everything. If a calamity strikes, it is for a reason He 
knows, even if we do not understand why it has happened. 

When someone likens anyone or anything to Allah, suggests in 
anyway that other people or things share Allah’s creative power with 
Him or have the knowledge or ability to guide or to forgive - this then 
is the sin of shirk. If someone worships others besides Allah, he has 
also committed the sin of shirk. 

A prophet cannot be god. In fact, no prophet of Allah ever 
claimed he was a god. Isa ( ) was a prophet. It is true that he 
worked miracles but he did so by the command of Allah. Allah has 
no equal or partner. 

Allah is the Giver of life. He keeps things alive and provides for 
their needs. He was not created by anyone or anything. He has 
always been and will always be. He is the First and the Last. 

He creates what He likes, and He is never tired of creating. He is 
the Creator. There is no one and nothing that can be compared with 

He was not born, and He has no father or mother. He is not in 
need of children to live after Him or help Him. He has no wife. He is 
One and without a partner. Therefore, we should not worship any of 
the following because it is shirk to do so: 

(1) Any created beings such as men, angels, animals or the 
dead in their graves! 


Tawheed: Oneness of Allah 



(2) Any created objects such as trees, mountains, stones, 
rivers, statues, idols or pictures. 

(3) Man-made gods and goddesses. 

Shirk means associating others with Allah in worship. It is the 
opposite of Tawheed. If someone associates anyone or anything 
with his Creator in worship, he becomes a mushrik. Tawheed rejects 
all kinds of shirk. A mushrik worries and relies on material things. Shirk 
makes a person believe in superstitions. 

Tawheed is the Key to Paradise 

Allah has forbidden Paradise to those who commit the sin of 
shirk. Shirk is the worst kind of injustice. Anyone who associates 
partners with Allah will never enter Paradise. The people of Tawheed 
will be admitted into Paradise because Tawheed is the key to it. The 
gates of Paradise will not open for anyone without this key, or for 
anyone who has a key that lacks teeth. The teeth of this key are 
shahadah, salah, zakah, sawm and hajj. 

Anyone who acquires the right key in this life, the key of 
Tawheed along with its teeth, by following Allah’s commands, will 
come on the Day of Judgement to the door of Paradise with the only 
key that opens it. He will not be kept out, unless the burden of his sins 
remains with him. 

Paradise is the home of the pure. Hell is the home of impurities. 


Allah is One. He commands and forbids. He creates and 
provides. He causes death and gives life. He decrees and delivers. 
He elevates and lowers. He changes night into day. He alternates 
the days of people and nations, replacing one with another. 

What Allah wills comes into being in the manner He wills it. His 
orders and His decrees are fulfilled in the heavens, in the farther 
corners of the earth, beneath it, in the seas and every other part of 
the universe. He originates what He wills. His knowledge 
encompasses all things. He keeps account of everything. His Mercy 
and Wisdom envelops all things. Allah’s power is limitless. 

Allah's hearing encompasses all 
voices. Yet they do not mix with each 
other. Rather, He hears everything very 

Allah's sight envelops all visible things. He sees everything. The 
hidden for Him is visible and the secret for Him is public. He knows 
what is secret. He even knows what is in a person’s mind and heart! 

Allah is extremely Great 

Allah forgives sins. He alleviates sufferings and hardships. He 
teaches the ignorant and guides those who are astray. He directs 
the confused and helps the desperate. He feeds the hungry and 
clothes the naked. He cures the sick and forgives sins. He accepts 
the repentance of the sinners and rewards the righteous. He helps 
the oppressed, humbles the arrogant and steadies those who 

i \ j J JUI 

5 A 

He covers our faults and gives us safety from fear. He gives 
generously and that does not lessen in the least what He possesses. 
He is All-Powerful; the whole earth will be in His grip on the Day of 
Judgement, and the heavens will be folded in His Right Hand. 

No sin is too great for Him to forgive. No need is too great for 
Him to fulfil. However, He never forgives the sin of shirk. 

Everything perishes except His Face. Every kingdom fades 
except His Kingdom. Every shade will be withdrawn except by His 
permission and Mercy. When He is obeyed, He appreciates. When He 
is disobeyed, and sought for forgiveness He overlooks and forgives. 

If all the trees on earth were pens and all the seas with seven 
others added to them were ink, and those pens were to write with that 
ink, both the pens and ink would be exhausted, but the words of 
Allah's unlimited knowledge or those describing His attributes and His 
grandeur or praise of Him would not. 

Allah has the Most Beautiful Names and the perfect Attributes. 
We must believe in their great underlying meanings and describe 
Allah the Almighty in a manner that suits His Majesty without likening 
His Attributes to any of those of His creatures. 

— (J I 

Tawheed: Oneness of Allah 


k 6 

All acts of worship, such as invocation, trust, fear and sacrifice, 
should be directed to Him alone. We should invoke none but Allah, 
rely on none except Allah, seek no one's help except Allah's help 
and seek no one's refuge but Allah's refuge. 


r c i s e s 

A. Fill in the blanks with suitable words. 

1 . 

2 . 

Tawheed means 

of Allah. 

Allah has not given birth and was not 


was a prophet. 


is a sin that Allah will never forgive 



encompasses all voices. 

B. Are these statements true or false? In the box provided, write T if the 
statement is true or F if it is false. 

1 . Allah knows all the secrets we keep in our hearts. 

2. Since Almighty Allah was not born, He has no father or mother. 

3. The teeth of the key of Tawheed are shahaadah, salah, zakah, sawm 
and hajj. 

4. Our needs are too much for Allah to fulfil. 

J J-2* J oJl 


e r c i s e s 

C. Answer the following questions. 

1. What isTawheed? 

2. What is shirk? 

3. Name some attributes of Allah you studied in this chapter. 

4. Are we allowed to worship rivers, statues, graves etc.? Whom should we 
worship, and why? 

Ar-Risaalah is an Arabic word which means message. It is man’s 
duty to serve Allah, his Creator. It is his duty to submit to His Will. This is 
the teaching of Islam. 

The Mercy of Allah 

Obviously, man cannot do this unless Allah lets him know what 
His Will is! How should he live his life on earth? How can he decide 
whether a particular action is right or wrong, good or bad? 

But Allah is Just. He is Merciful. He is the Creator of man. He 
knows all his needs. He, therefore, revealed His Will through His 
prophets and messengers. He gave man a code of conduct through 
these prophets and messengers. Ar-Risaalah - the message - is a link 
between Allah and humanity. A rasool is a prophet. He is a 
messenger of Allah. 

What is wahy? 

A message communicated directly from Allah to a prophet’s 
heart or through Angel Jibreel {m\) is called wahy, or revelation. Allah 
is the only source of guidance to human life. Man must submit to this 
guidance as ultimate and final. Allah revealed His guidance as 
ultimate and final. Allah revealed His guidance to human beings 
chosen by Him for this purpose. These chosen human beings are 
called prophets. 

Number of Prophets 

Allah sent many prophets and messengers at different times 
between Adam and Prophet Muhammad ($|). Only Allah knows the 
number of them. Adam was the first of the prophets, and 
Muhammad ( ) was the last prophet and messenger. He was sent 
as a mercy to all the nations. 

Of these prophets and messengers, twenty-five Prophets are 
mentioned by name in the Qur’an. They are: 

(1) Adam, (2) Idrees, (3) Nuh, (4) Salih, (5) Shu’ayb, (6) Hud, (7) 
Ibraaheem, (8) Lut, (9) Isma'eel, (10) Is’haq, (11) Ya’qub, (12) Yusuf, 
(13) Yunus, (14) Musa, (15) Harun, (16) Ayyub, (17) Dawood, (18) 
Sulaiman, (19) Ilyas, (20) Al Yasa’, (21) Dhul Kifl, (22) Zakariyyaa, (23) 
Yahya, (24) Isa, and (25) Muhammad (May Allah's peace and 
blessings be upon them all) 

The messengers did not choose to do the work of guiding 
people themselves. In fact, it was Almighty Allah who chose them. 
The four prominent prophets before Muhammad ( ^ ) were Nuh, 
Ibraaheem, Musa and Isa. 

The Qur’an teaches us that every human community received 
a messenger who spoke to them in their language. The essence of 
the message of all the prophets was the same - to call their people 
to worship only Allah and not to commit the sin of shirk! 

Prophet Muhammad (Jjjjg) was the last in a long succession of 
prophets. He was the Seal of all the Prophets who had gone 
before him. The prophets were all human beings. They were given 
the same message - Allah is One and His Commands are to be 
obeyed. Allah refers to all the prophets as Muslims because all of 
them submitted to His Will. All of them followed the Straight Path. They 
were all His true and faithful slaves. They submitted to His Will in every 
part of their lives. Allah gave many of them books. 

The Revealed Books 

The Revealed Books include: 

At-Tawrah (Torah) - revealed to Musa [$ 0 \). 

Az-Zaboor (Psalms) - given to Dawood (,%©). 

Al-lnjeel (the Gospels) - the teachings given to Isa ($£»)■ 

Each of these books was originally a complete revelation, but 
they became all corrupted. 

The Zaboor, Tawrah and Injeel were changed in various ways. 
Bits were left out. Many things were forgotten. Many fragments that 
were not part of them were added to them. 

1 UiJJI 

Ar-Risaalah (The Message) 


kJ 1 

The Qur'an, which Allah revealed to Prophet Muhammad ( J§| ), 
is the only book that Allah has protected. It is the eternal Book that 
came to confirm the true and original message of Islam and to stand 
witness over the previous books by approving the truth and 
disproving falsehood in them. In fact, it is Allah's message to all 
mankind, not only to Arabs. 

It is part of every Muslim's faith to believe and respect all the 
prophets of Allah. The Qur’an mentions that Allah sent a messenger 
to every nation in the world. The Qur’an makes it necessary that a 
Muslim should believe in all of Allah's prophets and messengers. 

If someone rejects any of Allah's prophets or messengers, he 
becomes a disbeliever. Prophethood came to an end with Prophet 
Muhammad (H). With his coming, Allah completed the religion of 
Islam. Allah revealed the Qur’an to Prophet Muhammad ($|) through 
Angel Jibreel (^i) over a period of twenty-three years. 

rophethood is Central to Islam 

After Laa ilaaha illallaah we recite Muhammadur-Rasulullaah, 
which means Muhammad (j|g) is the Messenger of Allah. This means 
that we accept and believe that Muhammad (H) is the prophet 
through whom Allah sent us His guidance the Qur’an. 

Prophet Muhammad ( ) showed us the best way we should 
follow to lead our lives. His life was the Qur’an in practice. The surest 
way to understand the Qur’an and follow its message is to learn what 
Allah’s Messenger ( ^) said and did. We should try to understand his 
sayings and actions and follow into his footsteps. 

Once Allah’s Messenger (H) gives his decision and judegment 
on any matter, no believing man or woman has any right to 
question, doubt, disobey or keep in his mind any feelings of 
disapproval. He must submit to him willingly. 

A B 

1 Ar-Risaalah a 

2 Az-Zaboor b 

3 Wahy c 

4 Muhammad d 

5 Adam e 


First Prophet 1 

Final Messenger 2 

Seal of the Prophets 3 

Prophethood 4 

Given to Dawood 5 

Message sent from Allah to a prophet 

B. Unscramble 

1 . prophet was Adam ( ) first the. 

2. all Prophets the Muhammad ( ^ ) of was Seal the. 

C. Answer these questions. 

1 . Name four books Allah revealed to some of His messengers. 

2. Name at least 1 0 prophets. 

3. Who was the first prophet and who was the last? 

4. Name the four prominent prophets that came before Muhammad ( 





Al-Akhirah - Life after Death 

^ / \ 

X_ X 


Allah has created death and life so He may test which of us is 
best in deeds. Our role in this life is to live, as our Creator desires us 
to live: to surrender to Him and worship Him alone. Allah has given us 
the faculties of hearing and seeing. He has given us two eyes, a 
tongue and a pair of lips. He has also given us the ability to think 
and understand the difference between right and wrong. He has 
given us free will - the freedom to choose - and has shown us the 
Straight Path through His Last Messenger ( $|). 

Allah created us and to Him we will return. We are on our jour- 
ey towards the hereafter. Only Allah knows when, how and where 
we will die. We do not know how much longer we will live on this 
earth, but we do know that one day we will certainly die and return 
o our Lord. 

Al-Akhirah - Life after Death 

The world has continued its course throughout the ages since 
the time of Adam (sgsgji), but this will not go on forever! The day will 
come when this world will come to an end. After that, all men from 
Adam to the end of time will be brought to life for judgement. 

We must give an account of our conduct. We must face the 
consequences of how we live our life on this earth. This judgement will 
be made only after our earthly life has ended. Almighty Allah, Who 
knows everything, Who is All-Powerful and All-Just, will judge us fairly. 

Islam teaches us that human life is divided into three parts - the 
temporary life on earth, the life of barzakh between this life and the 
Day of Judgement and the eternal life that will follow. Since our 
earthly life is very short in comparison with the afterlife, it is clear that 
the eternal life is far more important, and so we must work hard to 
get to Paradise. 

Allah has given us the freedom to choose between right and 
wrong, but when this life comes to an end, Allah will call everyone to 
His presence; some people will be sent to Paradise, while some 
others will be sent to Hellfire, depending on whether they followed His 
Straight Path or the path of Satan. 

After death comes the afterlife which begins with life in the 
barzakh - a life between this life and resurrection. On the Day of 
Judgement, no one else’s love or help can free others from their sins. 
Everyone stands alone before Allah, answerable only for himself. 
Everyone will get justice in full. No one will be wronged even by an 
atom’s weight. 

Everything we do in our lives is recorded. Even the smallest of 
incidents will be displayed before our eyes on the Day of 
Judgement. The Judgement will be final. No one will escape it. 
Paradise will be the reward for those who did good actions, and 
Hellfire will be the punishment for those who disobeyed Allah and 
were ungrateful to Him. The Qur’an describes the delights and 
pleasures of Paradise as well as the punishments of Hell in detail. This 
is what the Prophet ($§) came to convey and this is what gives 
meaning and purpose to our lives. 

Allah’s Messenger ($§) once said that on the Day of Judgement, 
no person will move from the presence of Allah unless he has 
answered the following five questions: 

1 . How he spent his life, 

2. How he spent his youth, 

3. How he earned his wealth, and 

4. How he spent it, 

5. What he did about his knowledge. (At-Tirmidhee) 

Let us then start to prepare for the Akhirah today. It is better for 
us to obey Allah and His Messenger ( ) and avoid the path of Satan. 

Let us act while we have time! 

Let the thought of what awaits us at the end of this life - death, 
Judgement, Heaven or Hell - help us to ‘live wisely’. May the 
teachings of the Qur’an and the teachings of the Prophet ($|) always 
be our light, our guidance and our strength! 

e r c i 

s e s 

A. Fill in the blanks with suitable words. 

1 . Allah has given us the freedom to choose between 


2. Everything we do in our lives is 

3. Hellfire will be the punishment for those who 
were to Him. 

Allah and 

will be the reward for those who did good actions. 

5. No one will be 

on the Day of Judgement because Allah is 

B. Answer these questions. 

1 . Why has Allah created life and death? 

2. Mention a few things that will happen when this world comes to an end. 

3. Mention the five things we will be asked about on the Day of Judgement. 

Al-Akhirah - Life after Death 



oru'i I jJJ 1 1 AJbj fQpj <jO-« 

f|j ~4'^s( TGaiu-*aJ 


- £ 

1 . By the fig and the olive, 

2. And Mount Sinai, 

3. And this Safe Land; 

4. We have certainly created man in the best form; 

5. Then we reduced him to the lowest of the low, 

6. Except for those who believe and do right actions; they will 
have a never-ending reward. 

7. So what causes you to deny the Judgement after this? 

8. Is Allah not the Best of judges? 

This surah of eight verses was revealed in Makkah and takes its 
title from the first word 'at-Teen' which means fig. 

Allah swears by these four things and says that He created man 
in the finest mould. The fig and the olive are well known fruits. The fig 
and the olive offer an example of wholesome health-giving fruits. 

Mount Sinai is the place where Allah spoke to Prophet Musa 
(8SSH), and the 'Safe Land' is Makkah, where the Qur’an was first 

Allah then says that He created man in the best image and 
form. He then reduced him to the lowest of the low; that is, Hellfire. 
After this attractiveness and beauty, the destination of those who dis- 
obeyed Allah will be Hellfire. However, those who believe in Allah 
and follow His guidance will not be among them; rather, they will 
have a reward without end. Some scholars said that ' the lowest of 
the low' also means old age. 

This surah ends by asking about that which causes people to 
deny the Final Judgement. 

It is a fact that many of the worst criminals are not caught or 
punished in this life. Likewise, many God-fearing people who do their 
best in this life are not rewarded. Allah will surely hand out exact jus- 
tice to His creatures in the end! 

Is Allah not the Best of judges? This means Allah the Almighty is 
indeed the best of judges Who does not do any injustice to anyone. 
It is in absolute Justice that He will establish the Day of Judgement, 
and He will then reward the good people and punish the evil ones. 

A. Fill in the blanks with suitable words. 

B. Answer these questions. 

1 . What are the four things by which Allah the Almighty swears in Surat 

2. What does the 'Safe Land' in the surah mean? 

C. Memorisation 

Learn this surah by heart. 

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In the name of Allah, Most Kind, Most Merciful. 

1 . Truly, We sent it (the Qur'an) down on the Night of al-Qadr. 

2. And what will make you understand what the Night of al-Qadr is! 

3. The Night of al-Qadr is better than a thousand months. 

4. In it, the angels and the Ruh descend by the permission of their 
Lord with decrees. 

5. It is peace until the coming of the dawn. 

Allah tells us that He sent down the Qur'an during Laylat al-Qadr 
(the Night of Decree), which is a blessed night. Laylat al-Qadr occurs 
during the month of Ramadan. Allah sent down the entire Qur’an 
from al-Lawh al-Mahfoodh (The Preserved Tablet) to the House of 
Might (Baitul-'lzzah), which is in the lowest heaven. Then it came 
down in parts to the Prophet Muhammad ( $|) according to the 
incidents that occurred over a period of twenty-three years. 

The Prophet ( ) mentioned that the Night of Decree falls on 

one of the odd-numbered nights of the last third of Ramadan (21st, 
23rd, 25th, 27th or 29th). During these last ten days, Allah’s 
Messenger ( ) and his companions used to spend all of their time 
in the mosque in seclusion (I’tikaaf). They used to pray and recite the 
Qur’an and waited anxiously for this special night on which the 
angels come down to the earth with Allah's Commands. 

Surat al-Qadr (The Decree) 


The angels descend during this night because of its great 
blessings. They come down with blessings and mercy. The Ruh in the 
verse means Angel Jibreel Some scholars said that during this 
night, all matters are decided, and the times of death and provisions 
are also decided during it. 

The Prophet ( 5$| ) once mentioned that there is a night in 
Ramadan which is better than a thousand months, and that whoever 
is deprived of its good he has truly been deprived. He also once 
said, "Whoever stands (in prayer) during the Night of al-Qadr with 
faith and expecting reward (from Allah), he will be forgiven for his 
previous Sins." (Muslim) 

There is peace on this night because Satan cannot do any evil 
or harm until the coming of dawn. 

Fill in the blanks with suitable words. 

1 . Laylat al-Qadr occurs during the month of 

2. It is one of the nights of Ramadan. 

3. The Qur'an came down in parts to the Prophet Muhammad ( 
according to the incidents that occurred over a period of 


4. The word Ruh in this surah means 

5. The Night of al-Qadr is better than months 

M ) 

B. Answer these questions. 

1 . What is Laylat al Qadr? 

2. What did the Messenger ( ^ ) and his companions do during the last ten 
nights of Ramadan? 

C. Memorisation 

Learn this surah by heart. 

6 J Surat az-Zalzalah (The Earthquake) 

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In the Name of Allah, Most Kind, Most Merciful 

1 . When the earth is shaken with a great quake, 

2. And the earth gives up its burdens, 

3. And man exclaims, "What is the matter with it?" 

4. On that Day it will report its news, 

5. Because your Lord will inspire it. 

6. On that Day people will proceed in scattered groups to be 
shown their actions, 

7. So whoever does an atom’s weight of good will see it, 

8. And whoever does an atom’s weight of evil will see it. 

This surah of eight verses was revealed in Makkah. It gives a 
powerful vision of the fearful events of the Day of Judgement when 
all men will be gathered together to reap the fruit of their deeds. 

The great earthquake of the Day of Judgement will shake the 
earth over and over again. The earth will throw out its treasures and 
the dead. All the people who ever lived since the time of Prophet 
Adam ( ) will be brought to life again. People at first will be in 

shock. They will be confused and amazed to find themselves 
awakened. They will wonder, "What is happening? What is wrong with 
the earth?" 

4 IJJjpt Sjj UJ 

6 ) Surat az-Zalzalah (The Earthquake) 

Allah the Almighty will command the earth to speak about the 
actions people did on it in this life. People's own tongues, hands and 
feet, eyes and ears, and even their skins will also speak out about the 
deeds they committed with them. The reckoning will be so accurate 
that an atom’s weight of actions will be counted on that terrible day. 

"On that day people will proceed in scattered groups to be 
shown their actions". This means that they will be divided into 
different groups, some will be happy while others will be miserable; 
some will be sent to Paradise, while others will be sent to Hellfire. The 
separation of people into the Company of the Right Hand, the 
Company of the Left Hand, or the Companions of the Garden, and 
the Companions of the Fire, the good-doers and the evildoers is an 
example of these groupings. 

x e r c i s e s 

A. Match the following. 

A B 

1 Surat az-Zalzalah a 

2 Everyone b 

3 Whoever does an atom’s c 
weight of good 

4 People will ask, d 


will be shown his actions on the 
Day of Judgement, 
are the Companions of the fire, 
has eight verses. 

“What has happened to it?” 
will see it. 

B. Complete the following sentences. 

1 . 

2 . 


The earth will be shaken with a great 
On that day it will 

its news, because your 

will inspire it. 

On that day people will proceed in 
shown their 

to be 

C. Answer these questions. 

1 . 

What will the state of people on the Day of Judgement be? 

x e r c i s e s 


2. Where was this surah revealed? 

3. How are you preparing yourself for that dreadful day? 

4. According to what will people be divided on the Day of Judgement? 

D. Memorisation 

Learn this surah by heart. 


Surat al-Aadiyaat (The Racers) 


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In the Name of Allah, the Most Kind, the Most Merciful. 

1 . By the charging horses panting hard, 

2. Striking sparks of fire (by their flashing hooves), 

3. Raiding at full gallop in the early dawn; 

4. Raising a trail of dust behind them, 

5. And plunging into the middle of the enemy! 

6. Man is indeed ungrateful to his Lord, 

7. And indeed he bears witness to that fact; 

8. Truly, he is passionate in his love for wealth. 

9. Does he not know that when the contents of the graves are 
poured out, 

1 0. And the secrets of the breasts are made known? 

1 1 . Indeed, their Lord will know everything about them on that day! 

This surah was revealed in Makkah. It consists of eleven verses. 
The surah can be divided into three sections for the purpose of study. 

1 . The first is a series of oaths by horses in a state of war, 
engaging in intense activity (verses i-5). 

These verses describe horses in battle in a vivid style. Horses are 
noble. They are brave and faithful animals. If trained, they can 
patiently perform many useful tasks for man. They can travel under 
dangerous conditions, carry their masters through the raging battles, 
cross rivers and climb mountains. 

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Surat al-Aadiyaat (The Racers) 

2. The second section consists of three verses. These three 
verses state that man is ungrateful to Allah and loves wealth with 
passion (verses 6-8). 

The truth is that in our time we need the energy to guard 
ourselves against the condition mentioned in these verses. A man 
can collect a lot of wealth; the fact is he cannot take any of it with 
him when he dies. It will not help him in the least when he has to 
stand before Allah to be judged. 

3. The third section is a reminder to such people of the Day of 
Resurrection when what they hide (even from themselves) will be 
open to all, and particularly to Allah who is al-Khabeer, that is, the 
One Who knows about everything and everyone. 


x e r c i s e s 


1 . 

2 . 


1 . 

2 . 


Complete the following sentences. 

Man is indeed 

Truly, he is passionate in his 

to his Lord. 

for wealth. 

Answer these questions. 

Where was this surah revealed? 

How many verses does it contain? 

What does Allah swear by in Surat al-Aadiyaat? 

4. What does this surah teach us? 

C. Memorisation 

Learn the surah by heart. 


8 y Surat al-Qaari'ah (The Striking Hour) 

In the Name of Allah, Most Kind, Most Merciful 

1 . The Striking Hour! 

2. What is the Striking Hour? 

3. And what will make you know what the Striking Hour is? 

4. It is the day when people will be like moths, scattered about, 

5. And the mountains will be like wool, fluffed up. 

6. As for him whose scales are heavy (with good deeds), 

7. He will live a pleasant life. 

8. But as for him whose scales are light, 

9. He will have his home in al-Haawiyah, 

1 0. And what will make you know what it is? 

11. (It is) a blazing fire. 

This surah was revealed in Makkah. It consists of eleven brief 
verses. The surah paints a vivid and fearful picture of the Day of Res- 
urrection, which is here called al-Qaari'ah, ‘the Striking Hour’, the 
knocking or pounding one. 

Al-Qaari'ah is one of the names of the Day of Judgement. It has 
this name because it strikes hearts and ears with its frightening 
events. On that day, there will be an ear-splitting blast, and people 
will be scattered about like moths or locusts. They will be bewildered 
at what is happening to them. Even the mighty mountains on that 
day will become like carded wool that has begun to wear out and 
be torn apart. 

On that day, the scales will be set up, and everyone’s deeds will 
be weighed on these special scales in Allah’s Court of Justice. 
People will be of two types: 

1 . Those whose good deeds outweigh their evil deeds, and who 
will therefore be commanded to enter Paradise. 

2. Those whose evil deeds outweigh their good deeds, and who 
will therefore be commanded to enter the Fire of Hell. 

When that day comes, people will recall what they had been 
doing in this life. Good people will be given their records of deeds in 
their right hands, while the evil ones will receive theirs in their left 

The records of deeds will reveal people's actions in this life. 
People will not be able to deny them. 

•x e r c i s e $ 


A. Are the following statements true or false? 

1 . Al-Qaari'ah means the slanderer. 

2. This surah was revealed in Makkah. 

3. Everyone’s deeds will be weighed on that day. 

4. It is a day on which people will be like moths, scattered about. 

B. Answer these questions. 

1 . Describe the two types of people who will be divided according to their 

2. Mention some ways in which people will not be able to hide their bad 

C. Memorisation 

Learn this surah by heart. 


6j>j) m 

9 ) Surat at-Takaathur (Greed for More and More) 


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^ / Surat at-Takaathur (Greed for More and More) 



In the Name of Allah, Most Kind, Most Merciful 

1 . Competing with each other in (worldly) increase diverts you, 

2. Until you reach the graves. 

3. No, but you will soon come to know! 

4. Again no, surely you will come to know! 

5. No, if you only knew now with sure knowledge, 

6. You will surely see the Hellfire, 

7. Then you will surely see it with the eye of certainty. 

8. Then, you will surely be asked that day about (life’s) pleasures. 
This surah was revealed in Makkah. It consists of eight verses. 

The surah is a warning to those who are occupied in this life only with 
the love for this world and its pleasures. They devote much of their 
time to making more and more money and collecting more and 
more material possessions. The afterlife does not cross their minds at 
all. This attitude is very common today. It diminishes all human soci- 
eties in our technological age. The term ‘at-takaathur’ means ‘striv- 
ing greedily for worldly increase’. It shows man’s obsessive passion 
for more and more comforts, more and more material goods, more 
and more power, without ever thinking about the hereafter. 

9 ) Surat at-Takaathur (Greed for More and More) 



Allah the Almighty urges mankind to abandon the worship of 
this world. The worship of the worldly things blinds man to the realities 
of this life and the life to come. Such people are not prepared to 
stop and think about moral values taught by the Qur’an. The greed 
for more and more wealth makes people forget the real purpose of 
their lives. This surah is a warning to such people. 

On the Last Day, Allah will ask us about our gratefulness to Him 
for the favours He has blessed us with, such as health, safety, food 
and drink and sleep. He will ask us if we returned His favours by wor- 
shipping Him alone and being thankful to Him for His favours. 

Those who are engrossed in the things of this world do not get 
time to prepare themselves for the life after death. This life is very 
short. Their passion for the things of this world and vying for more and 
more worldly possessions diverts their attention from a matter even 
more important. 


e r c i s e s 

A. Fill in the blanks with suitable words. 

1 . Surat at-Takaathur was revealed in 

2. It consists of verses. 


3. The word 'at-takaathur’ means striving hard for 

4. Allah urges mankind to abandon the worship of this 

5. The pleasures of the life of this world 

the attention of those 

who love them from the hereafter. 

B. Answer these questions. 

1 . What does this surah warn us against? 

2. What will we be questioned about on the Last Day? 

C. Memorisation 

Learn this surah by heart. 

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In the Name of Allah, Most Kind, Most Merciful 

1 . Woe to every slanderer and mocker, 

2. Who collects wealth, greedily counting it; 

3. He thinks that his wealth will make him immortal; 

4. No, he will surely be thrown into the Crusher. 

5. And what can tell you what the Crusher is? 

6. It is the Fire of Allah, set ablaze. 

7. Rising up over the hearts; 

8. It will close in upon them; 

9. Stretching and in pillars. 

This surah was revealed early in Makkah. It consists of nine 
verses. It presents a vivid picture of a person who is so small-minded 
that his wealth blinds him to the truth and even to the common 
courtesies in human relations. The surah presents the picture of a 
very wealthy man who used to slander the Prophet ( ) and his 

companions, both to their faces and behind their backs. But the 
surah applies to such people at all times and places. 

<a g ,T I <sj^ uj 

10 ) Surat al-Humazah (The Slanderer) 


Slandering is to make a spoken 
statement about someone, which 
damages his reputation, honour or 

Mocking is laughing at 
someone by copying him in an 
amusing but unkind way. It involves 
attacking him by gestures or 
expressions, sometimes by tongue 
and sometimes by the movements 
of the eyes, eyebrows, hands, lips or 
the head. 

Greed is another thing which is 
condemned in this surah. Some 
people become so occupied with 
wealth that they forget that they will 
die one day. 

Those who have these characteristics will be thrown into the 
Crusher, the Hellfire, which crushes anything that is thrown into it. 

This surah warns those people who waste their life, slandering 
and mocking good people, and those who have no other concern 
but to collect wealth and count it without having the slightest desire 
to spend it in ways pleasing to Almighty Allah. Those who do so think 
that their wealth will make them immortal. For such people, Allah has 
prepared a severe punishment in the Hereafter. 

10/ Surat al-Humazah (The Slanderer) 




x e r c i s e s 

A. Complete these sentences. 

1 . 

2 . 



Woe to every slanderer and 
Who collects 

, greedily 

He thinks that his wealth will make him 
No, he will surely be thrown into the 

B. Answer these questions. 

Where was Surat al-Humazah revealed? 

2. What are the three things this surah warns us against? 

3. What is slandering? 

4. What is mocking? 

C. Memorisation 

Learn this surah by heart. 

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> . -* 

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1 . For the safety and security of the Quraysh; 

2. For their benefit, the caravans go out in the winter and summer. 

3. So let them worship the Lord of this House, 

4. Who has fed them against hunger and made them safe from 

This surah was revealed in Makkah. It consists of four brief 
verses. It refers to the path of safety between the tribe of Quraysh 
and their neighbours, enabling them to take trading trips. Thus in 
winter they travelled to Yemen in the East where they bought spices 
and other things coming from India and beyond. These they took to 
Syria in the West during summer. They sold them and brought back 
other trading goods. 

Allah then directs them to be grateful to Him for His favours on 
them by worshipping Him alone. For He gave them safety from fear 
and fed them against hunger. 

A. Answer these questions. 

1 . Where was Surat Quraysh revealed? 

2. What does ‘them’ in the verse "Let them worship the Lord of the House" 
refer to? 

3. Where did the trade caravans of the Quraysh go during winter? Why? 

4. Where did they go during summer? 

B. Memorisation 

Learn this surah by heart. 

Surat al-Maa'un (Help) 

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1 . Have you seen the one who denies the Day of Judgement? 

2. That is the one who repulses the orphan, 

3. And does not encourage the feeding of the needy. 

4. So, woe to them who pray, 

5. But who are negligent in their prayers, 

6. Those who make a show (of their deeds), 

7. And refuse simple acts of kindness! 

The name of this surah is derived from the word 'Maa'un' 
occurring in the last verse. The term means all small things needed 
for one’s daily use such as a cooking pot, sugar, coffee, matchsticks, 
and a needle. It also means occasional acts of kindness consisting 
in helping out one’s fellow men when they need such things. In its 
broader sense, it means help in any difficulty or need. People who 
refuse to do even these small and simple things for others become 
hard-hearted and tight-fisted. 

How do some people become so hard-hearted? This surah 
answers this question. Blindness to the small acts of kindness is the 
result of the refusal to accept the moment of Reckoning! 


1 . 

2 . 



Complete the following sentences. 

to the small acts of kindness is the result of the refusal to 
accept the moment of Reckoning. 

Have you seen the one who 

the Day of Judgement? 

That is the one who repulses the 
And does not 

the feeding of the 

B. Answer these questions. 

1 . What does the word ‘Maa'un’ mean? 

2. How do some people become so hard-hearted? Answer in reference to 
Surat al-Maa'un. 

C. Memorisation 

Learn this surah by heart. 

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In the Name of Allah, Most Kind, Most Merciful 

1 . Say: "O you disbelievers, 

2. Ido not worship what you worship, 

3. Nor will you worship what I worship. 

4. Nor will I worship what you are worshipping, 

5. Nor will you worship what I am worshipping. 

6. For you is your religion, and for me is my religion." 

This surah, which consists of six brief verses, was revealed in 
Makkah. It expresses one single subject: Nothing must be 
worshipped besides Allah. 

The Makkans who opposed the Prophet’s message used to try to 
make compromises or deals with him every now and then to change 
the teachings of Islam. In one of these attempts, the Quraysh invited 
the Prophet ( ^ ) to worship their idols for a year and they would in 
turn worship Allah for a year. So Allah revealed this surah, in which He 
commands the Prophet ( ^ ) to keep himself away from the idolaters 
and their false gods. 

In this surah, Almighty Allah commands the Prophet ($|) to reject 
Shirk and to affirm Tawheed. "For you is your religion" means the Shirk 
that you follow; "and for me is my religion" means Tawheed and 
Islam which I follow and which I do not reject. 

Allah’s Messenger (||) used to recite this surah in the first rak'ah 
and surah al-lkhlas in the second rak'ah of the Sunnah prayer of 
Salat al-Fajr. He would also perform the Witr prayer by reciting Surat 
al-A'Iaa in the first rak'ah, Surat al-Kaafiroon in the second one and 
Surat al-lkhlas in the third one. 

It is important to note that the Prophet (^) criticized idol worship 
strongly, but he never used foul or obscene language. His manners 
were too good to allow any use of rude or obscene language. 

A. Are these statements true or false? 

1 . Al-Kaafiroon means the disbelievers. 

2. The subject of this surah is that ease will 

3. This surah was revealed in Madinah. 

4. The Prophet Muhammad ( ^ ) criticized 

5. Shirk is the opposite of Tawheed. 

B. Answer these questions. 

1 . Who wanted the Prophet ( ^ ) to change the teachings of Islam? 


surely come after difficulty. 


idol worship most strongly. 

2. What deal did they try to make with the Prophet ( ‘M )? 

3. What does this surah teach you? 

4. How did the Prophet ( ^ ) denounce idol worship? 

C. Memorisation 

Learn this surah by heart. 

The Quraysh Make Offers and the Prophet’s Reply 

The chiefs of Makkah soon realized that in spite of their 
opposition, the followers of Prophet Muhammad ($§) were increasing. 
They were moulding themselves into a separate community. The wise 
among them recognized that the problem they faced would unlikely 
vanish. Utbah ibn Rabee'ah was one of the leaders in Makkah. He was 
one of the first to realize that Islam was getting stronger despite all the 
attempts of the Quraysh to stop its progress. 

One day, Utbah was sitting with a group of important men of 
Makkah. The Prophet ( ^) was sitting alone close to the Ka’bah. Utbah 
suggested to his friends, “Let us approach Muhammad with some 
offers. It is quite likely that he may accept one or the other. If he does, 
this will end our problem with him.” Utbah went to the Prophet ( ) 

and said to him, “My nephew, you know you have a position of high 
esteem and noble birth among us, but you have come to your 

people with something which split them up. You have discredited their 
way of life, found fault with their gods and religion and spoken ill of 
their forefathers. Now listen to me. I am making you some offers. I 
would like you to consider them. You may find one of them 

The Prophet ( ) asked him to make his offers. Utbah said, "My 
nephew, if you are doing this to make money out of it, we will give you 
so much of our wealth that you will become the richest person among 
us. If it is position and honour that you are seeking, we will make you 
our chief. If you want to be a king, we will make you our king. If you 
are possessed, we will spend all we have to seek a cure for you." 
Allah’s Messenger ($§) listened to Utbah attentively. When he stopped, 
the Prophet (Sjjg) asked him whether he had finished. Utbah said, "Yes." 
The Prophet ($§) asked him to listen to what he had to say. The Prophet 
( ) then recited the first thirty-eight verses of Surat Fussilat (surah 41 
of the Qur’an). Utbah listened attentively. When the Prophet ( ^ ) 
finished his recitation, he prostrated himself to Allah, before saying to 
Utbah, "You have heard what I had to say. Now you can do whatever 
you like." 

Utbah left quietly. He went to his people who realized as they saw 
him coming that a change had come over him. He said to them, "I 
have heard something the like of which I have never heard in my life. 
It is neither poetry, nor sorcery, nor has it to do with soothsaying. Take 
my advice and leave this man alone. What I heard will bring great 
events. If the rest of the Quraysh kill him, they will spare you the 
trouble. If he wins, that will be your victory." They remarked, "He has 
certainly thrown a spell over you." Utbah said, "I have given you my 

But the Quraysh were not prepared to listen to the words of 

A. Unscramble these words from the lesson and put the letters in the boxes 
below together to answer the question. 

1 . 























Which surah did Prophet (H) recite to Utbah? 

B. Answer these questions. 

1 . What did Utbah accuse the Prophet ( $£■ ) of? 

2. What are the various things Utbah offered the Prophet ( % )? 

4. What advice did he give his people? 

5. Did the Quraysh take Utbah’s advice? 


As time went by, the Makkans used every opportunity to 
torment the Muslims. It became a favourite pastime for the Quraysh to 
subject Muslims to physical torture or mental pressure. Their victims 
were numerous and of various tribes and positions. 

Allah’s Messenger (^§) was also not spared though he was under 
the protection of his uncle Abu Talib and his clan. They accused him 
of being a magician, a poet and a fortune-teller. They told him to his 
face that he was mad. All this, however, did not weaken the Prophet’s 
resolve to carry on with his mission - conveying the word of Allah to his 
people. He called on everyone to abandon pagan worship and to 
accept Islam. 

One day a group of the Quraysh elders met at the Ka’bah. The 
Prophet ( ) appeared. He walked to the Ka’bah and started his 
tawaaf. They jumped at him and started to maul him. He stood firm 
and resolute. One of them took him by the collar and others pushed 
him around. Abu Bakr (<4b) tried to defend him, shouting at them, ‘Do 
you want to kill a man for merely saying Allah is my Lord?’ 

Uqbah ibn Abee Mu’ayt was a bitter enemy of the Prophet ( ^ ) 
and Islam. One day he pulled the Prophet’s upper garment and tried 
to strangle him. Once when the Prophet ( ^ ) was prostrating himself 
near the Ka’bah, Uqbah brought the entrails of a goat and flung them 
on his back. Fatimah ( tfe ), the Prophet’s daughter, came out and 
removed the dirty stuff. 

In addition to Abu Lahab, his wife and Uqbah ibn Abee Mu’ayt, 
Abu Jahl also sought to inflict bodily harm on the Prophet ( ). On 

one occasion, he took a big stone and attempted to let it fall on the 
Prophet’s head while he was prostrating in the courtyard of the 
Ka’bah. But as he drew near, he saw a huge camel charging in his 
direction. He threw the stone down and fled to tell this story to his 
fellow idolaters. This incident gives us an example of how Allah 
completes what He Wills. When the Prophet ( ) was told about what 
Abu Jahl did and said, he remarked, ‘It was the angel Jibreel! Had 
Abu Jahl drawn closer, he would have taken his life.’ 

Hamzah (4s>) embraces Islam 

One day Abu Jahl passed by the Prophet ( ) when he was 

near the hill of as-Safa, a short distance from the Ka’bah. Abu Jahl 
assaulted and abused him. He also ridiculed Islam. He talked about 
the Prophet’s message with contempt. The Prophet ( jfjg) did not say 
a single word in reply. A maid, however, saw this happening through 
a window of a house in which she worked. When Abu Jahl had 
finished his evil act, he went to join a group of his folk sitting near the 
Ka’bah. Soon afterwards Hamzah, an uncle of the Prophet ( ^ ), 
returned from a hunting trip. Hamzah enjoyed his hunting. It was his 
habit, whenever he returned from hunting, to go first to the Ka’bah 
and do a tawaaf. This time, the maid stopped him as he passed by 
her. She described to him what she saw Abu Jahl doing to his 
nephew. She also told him that the Prophet ( ) did not say or do 

anything in return. 

Hamzah became furious with Abu Jahl. He went straight to the 
mosque to search for him when he discovered him with his kinsfolk. 
He went up to him with his bow in his hand. As he stood over Abu 
Jahl’s head, he stuck him with the bow with all his strength, causing 
a long cut in his forehead. 

He then said, ‘Do you abuse him when I follow his faith? I say the 
same as he says. Try to stop me if you can.’ As Abu Jahl’s wound 
began to bleed, his folks tried to avenge him. He, however, realized 
that the situation could go out of hand. So he told them, ‘Leave 
Hamzah alone. I have abused his nephew very badly.’ 

Hamzah ( ) had acted on the spur of the moment. But he 

went to the Prophet ( $|) and learnt from him about Islam. Hamzah’s 
acceptance of Islam gave the Prophet ( H ) and the Muslims a 
feeling of strength because Hamzah was a very brave fighter in 

A. Read this chapter and list out the names of those people who were 
bitter enemies of Islam 

B. Fill in the blanks 

1 . 

2 . 




Prophet Muhammad (H) was protected by 
While the Quraysh mauled the Prophet [$$), 
defend him. 

Abu Bakr (4&) said, ‘Do you want to 
saying is my Lord?’ 

came to 

a man for merely 

wanted to throw a big stone on the Prophet’s head, 
struck Abu Jahl on the forehead with his bow. 

C. Answer these questions 

1 . What did the Quraysh accuse the Prophet ( M ) of? 

2. Who was Uqbah ibn Abee Mu’ayt? How did he try to hurt the 
Prophet ( M )? 

3. What did Abu Jahl see as he walked towards the Prophet (^) to hurt 
him? How did the Prophet ( H ) explain this strange incident? 

4. Why did Hamzah (#-<) embrace Islam? 

5. What made Hamzah (4& ) an important addition to the Muslim 

Prophet Muhammad S (3) 

The Quraysh Approach Abu Talib 

Some of the Quraysh chiefs, which included Utbah and Abu Jahl, 
went to Abu Talib to make him convince the Prophet ($g) to change 
his mind. They made the same suggestions which Utbah had already 
put before the Prophet ( ). Abu Talib sent for the Prophet ( ^ ) and 
told him what the people had said. Abu Talib then added, "My 
nephew, I have become old. It is not possible for me to face the 
attack of the Quraysh. Do not put me in such trouble. It is beyond my 
power." Allah’s Messenger (^) answered, "My uncle, by Allah, If they 
put the sun in my right hand and the moon in the left so that I would 
abandon this matter, I would not abandon it until Allah gives me 
victory or I die while calling to it." 

Abu Talib was a very important person in Makkah. He 
commanded the highest respect among the chieftains of Makkah. He 
was the chief of the Banu Hashim tribe. The enemies of the Prophet 
( M ) were reluctant to attack the Prophet ( ^ ) because of the 
presence of Abu Talib. The Prophet ( $§ ) got up. His eyes were filled 
with tears. Moved by what the Prophet ( ) said, Abu Talib said to him, 
"I will not withdraw my support. I will not hand you over to your enemies 
while it is within my power." 

e r c i s e s 


1 . 

2 . 

Fill in the blanks with suitable words. 

to make the Prophet ( |g ) 

The Quraysh approached 
change his mind. 

The Prophet ( ^ ) said that he would not give up calling to Allah even if 

in his left 

they put the sun in his 

hand and the 

B. Answer these questions. 

1 . Whom did the Quraysh approach to make the Prophet ( H ) change his 

C. Think-up 

Why do you think Abu Talib disagreed to help the Prophet ( H ) first, then 
agreed later? 

All the efforts of the pagans of Makkah to stop the mission of the 
Prophet ($|) failed. The Prophet ($|) continued preaching Tawheed 
(Oneness of Allah), and the Quraysh deeply felt the power and 
strength of the Message. Now the Quraysh reacted violently. They 
tried to stop the Prophet ( ^ ) from entering the Ka’bah. They set their 
louts to raise a hue and cry against him. They called Muslims bad 
names. They made their movements impossible. They did not allow 
them to meet people from outside Makkah. They began to persecute 
the poor and the weak more intensely. Life became very hard for the 

When the Prophet ( '$§ ) saw this sad situation, he suggested to 
the Muslims to leave for Abyssinia whose Christian king, the Negus, 
was a just ruler. 

Sixteen men and four women were 
the first Muslim emigrants to Abyssinia. 
Among them was Uthman ibn Affan (<4b), 
who later became the third Caliph, and 
his wife, Ruqayyah, the daughter of the 
Prophet ( H). 

The Quraysh were very annoyed 
when they saw that Muslims were safe in 
Abyssinia, so they decided to send a 
delegation to the Negus to request him to 
send the Muslims back home. Amr ibn 
al-Aas and Abdullah ibn Abee Rabee'ah 
were chosen for the task. They took with 
them expensive gifts for the Negus and his 

. Al-Madinah 

Ybnbu ^ 

Migration to Abyssinia 

When the PfopM(«) 

protect them, he Mtd la them: 'If you leave for the 
land of Abyssinia, (here is a kiltj who oppresses 
no one. and It Is a land of truth, stay iheretHiti; 
Allah finds you a relief f romthli misery .'andthls 
wasthafinimigreiton Irilglam. 

• Ta'izz 

to Ai-MuWvi . ' 

Gulf of Aden 


Amr presented every one of the generals who attended the 
Negus’ court with a precious gift. He said to them, "Some of our foolish 
men have arrived in your land. They have rebelled against our 
religion. They have come up with a new faith. We have come as 
representatives of our leaders to request the king to return these 
people to us. When we make this request to the king, we hope you will 
advise him to grant it without taking the trouble of calling them and 
speaking to them." 

The generals promised Amr and his friend of their support. When 
they were admitted into the court, the generals advised the king, 
"O king! Hand them over to them." 

The Negus became very angry. He refused to accept what they 
said. He said, "A group of people have sought refuge in my land. They 
have chosen me over everyone else. I will not judge them in their 
absence. I will call them in first and give them a chance to see what 
they have to say about what these two men have accused them of. If 
I find these allegations true, I will hand them over to them. Otherwise, 
they will certainly enjoy my protection.” 

The Muslims consulted with each other when the king’s 
messenger delivered to them an order to appear at the court. They 
decided that they would answer every question put to them 
truthfully. They would state the whole truth as had been taught to 
them by the Prophet ( ). 

When they were admitted to the presence of the king, who was 
surrounded by his generals, he asked them, "What is this new religion 
over which you are in dispute with your own people, and which is 
also different from my own religion?" 

The Muslims had chosen Ja’far ibn Abee Talib ( ), the 

Prophet’s own cousin, as their spokesman. He said, "Until recently we 
were ignorant people. We worshipped idols. We ate dead animals. 
We committed all kinds of sins. We attached little value to keeping 
relations with our relatives. We behaved badly with our neighbours. 
We believed that might was right. This continued to be our situation 
until Allah sent us from among ourselves a Messenger. His good 
name, honesty and sincerity were well known to us. He called us to 
believe in Allah, the One and Only God, and asked us to stop 
worshipping idols. 

"He commanded us to speak the truth and to be honest, to be 
good to our relatives and neighbours, not to shed blood and to 
keep away from sins, robbery and false accusations against 

"He also commanded us to devote our worship to Allah and not 
to set partners of any sort with Him. 

"We gave him a good response. We believed in him. We gave 
him our full support. We followed the commands of Allah revealed to 
him. We began to worship Allah alone. We kept away from what he 
made unlawful to us. Our people, however, assaulted us. They 
tortured us to return to idol worship. They wanted us to return to our 
past sinful life. We were oppressed. We were denied the freedom to 

choose our faith, so we sought refuge in your country. We hoped 
that in your protection we will not suffer injustice at all." 

The Negus asked Ja’far to recite to him something from the 
Qur’an. Ja’far recited the opening verses of Surat Maryam, which 
speaks about Prophets Zakariyyah and Yahya and relates the 
beautiful story of the birth of Prophet Isa (>&i). The Negus was so 
moved that he wept until his beard was wet with tears. His bishops 
also wept until their books were damp with their tears. 

The Negus said, "This and what Jesus came with must have 
come from the same 
source." He turned to the 
delegation of the Quraysh 
and said to them, "Go; by 
Allah, I will never hand them 
over to you." 

The next morning Amr 
ibn al-Aas went to the Negus 
with a wicked plan. "O king! 

They say terrible things about 
Isa, the son of Maryam. You may wish to question them on that." 

When the Muslims realized the reason for their second summons 
to attend the king’s court, they were alarmed. But they decided to stick 
to the truth and simply state what the Prophet ( ) had taught them, 
whatever the result. Ja’far (<4b) again answered the king’s question 
about their view of Isa without hesitation, "Our view is that which is 
taught to us by our Prophet (^j§). Isa is Allah’s servant and Messenger. 
He is His Spirit. He is His Word delivered to the Virgin Mary." The Negus 
picked up a straw lying on the floor and said, "What you have just said 
about Isa does not go beyond the truth by the size of this straw." He 
then said to the Muslims, "You are safe in my land. Whoever harms 
you will be brought to justice. I will not harm any one of you for a 

V >* 

mountain of gold." He then ordered his courtiers to return the gifts of 
the Quraysh delegation. 

The emigration of the Prophet’s companions took place in the 
fifth year of the start of the Qur’an’s revelation. The emigration to 
Madinah took place eight years after the emigration to Abyssinia. 
When the last of the Prophet’s companions, who went to Abyssinia, 
came back, they joined the Prophet ( ^ ) and his army at the 
conquest of Khybar, when the battle was already over. This took 
place in the seventh year after the Prophet’s settlement in Madinah. 

This means, Ja’far ibn Abee Talib ( ) and some of his 

companions stayed in Abyssinia for fifteen years. 

The Prophet (^ ) valued their contribution to the welfare of Islam. 
He considered that their stay in Abyssinia was a part of their work to 
establish Islam as a divine message for all mankind. 

Fill in the blanks with suitable words. 

The Prophet’s companions left Madinah and went to 

chosen to speak to the Negus against the Muslims 
The emigration took place in the 
Qur’anic Revelation. 


Abyssinia was ruled by 



Abyssinia is present-day 



A total of 

people emigrated. 




year of the start of the 

B. Answer these questions. 

1 . How did the Quraysh make life difficult for the Prophet ( H ) and his 

2. Why did the Prophet ( % ) tell his companions to leave Makkah? 

3. What kind of a king was the Negus? 

4. Whom did the Prophet’s companions choose to be their spokesperson? 

5. What comparison did the Negus make to show that his views on Isa 
(&si) were the same as those of the Muslims? 

Omar ibn al-Khattab Accepts Islam 

Omar’s acceptance of Islam was a turning point in the history of 
Islam. The Prophet ( ) once prayed to Allah to make Islam strong 

with either of the two men, Amr ibn Hisham or Omar ibn Al- Khattab. 
When Omar accepted Islam, he added power to Islam and to the 
Muslims. Muslims were not able to pray before the Ka’bah until Omar 
(4&) accepted Islam. His acceptance of Islam was a severe blow to 
the prestige of the Quraysh. 

After the conversion of Hamzah, the biggest victory for the 
Prophet ( ^ ) was the conversion of Omar. Like Hamzah, Omar was a 
strong man with great courage. He accepted Islam only a few 
months after the conversion of Hamzah. The Muslims were delighted 
and the disbelievers were dismayed. Omar ( ) played a great role 

in the success of Islam. He was called al-Farooq, that is, the one who 
distinguishes between truth and falsehood. 

The Interesting Story of Omar's Acceptance of Islam 

One day Omar came to know that his maidservant had 
embraced Islam. He was a bitter enemy of Islam at that time. He 
called his maid and asked her about her new faith and started 
beating her. After a while, when he asked her whether she would 
leave Islam, the maid refused. The proud Omar could not stand such 
daring refusal and started to beat her again, but to no avail. Tired 
and angry, Omar decided to kill the Prophet ( 



As he left his home with a sword, he met a friend who had 
become a Muslim but had not declared his acceptance of Islam 
openly. The man asked Omar (<4b) about his destination. "I want to kill 
Muhammad," said Omar. The man replied, "Do you think that Banu 
Hashim and Banu Zuhrah would leave you in peace if you killed 
Muhammad?" Omar said, "What! You have also become Muslim and 
left your forefathers’ religion?" 

The man said, "Could I tell you something that will surprise you 
even more? Your brother-in-law and your sister Fatimah have both 
become Muslims and have left your religion!" Omar ( ) hurried to 

their house in great agitation and anger. He confronted his sister and 
her husband. He asked, "What is this humming which I have just 
heard?" (Omar had actually heard them recite the Qur’an as he 
approached their house.) 

She answered, "Only something that has been talked about 
between us." Omar said, "Perhaps you have left the religion of your 
ancestors." "What can be done if the Truth is in something other than 
your religion?" said Fatimah’s husband. 

Omar leapt upon him, hitting him and kicking him as hard as he 
could. Fatimah stepped in between the two men in an attempt to 
protect her husband. But she was badly hit in the face and bled 
profusely. She remarked angrily, "I bear witness that there is no god 
except Allah and that Muhammad (^|) is His Messenger. I have 

become a Muslim. Do what you like." 

Omar was greatly moved and shaken. His sister’s words moved 
him to pity and love. He said calmly, "May I look into what you were 
reciting a little while ago?" 

"But you are impure, and the Qur’an should only be touched by 
the pure ones. So go and wash yourself," his sister said. 

So Omar washed himself. He then took the sheet to see what was 
in it. The sheet contained the first part of Surat Ta Ha. He read the 
verses again and again. When he reached the fourteenth verse, 
Omar was a different man. 

He became convinced that a human being could not write 
these verses. As a learned man, he realized that a man like 
Muhammad (|§), who never had any education, could not produce 
such a beautiful piece of writing. It was something else. It was 
revelation. Omar’s heart was deeply touched. 

"I am deeply convinced that Muhammad ( is the Messenger 
of Allah," declared Omar. He expressed a wish to go to see the 
Prophet ( J§ ). He wanted to declare himself a Muslim. Tears of joy 
flowed from the eyes of Fatimah and her husband. Omar ( 4& ) went 
directly to the place where the Prophet ( H ) stayed. He wanted to 
admit that there is no god except Allah. 

When he knocked at the door of the House of al-Arqam, there 
was a deep silence inside - Omar the enemy of Allah was at the door 
armed with his sword. But the Prophet ( H ) firmly allowed Omar to 
come in. Omar entered and accepted Islam. Everyone, including the 
Prophet ( ^ ), was delighted, and they all exclaimed, ‘Allahu Akbar’. 
Allah had answered the Prophet’s prayer. Omar ( ) had become a 

The days of preaching Islam quietly were now over, and with 
Umar’s acceptance of Islam a new phase began in the history of 
Islam. This event took place in the sixth year of Prophethood. 



Omar ( ) said, "That night when I became a Muslim, I went to 

the house of Abu Jahl, the bitterest enemy of Islam and knocked at his 
door. When he came out to see me, I told him that I had accepted 
Islam. He was very unhappy and immediately slammed the door in 
my face.” 

The news that Omar had become Muslim quickly spread 
among the Makkans who were very annoyed. They were against 
him, but Omar fought back until the Quraysh decided to leave 
him alone. 

e r c i s e s 

A. Are these statements true or false? 

1 . Omar ( 4&) was a courageous man. 

2. He accepted Islam before Hamzah ( 4 *,). 

3. Omar (4b) used to be a bitter enemy of Islam. 

4. The Quraysh tried not to mess with Omar ( 4 b ). 

5. Omar ( 4 b) accepted Islam in the 7th year of Prophethood. 

B. Name the following: 

1 . The surah that ‘opened’ Omar’s heart to Islam. 

2. The place where Omar (-?,) found the Prophet ( H). 

3. Omar's sister. 



C. Answer these questions. 

1 . Why do you think Omar was called 'al-Farooq’? 

2. Why did Omar (4b) beat his maid? Did beating her make any 

3. Why did Fatimah ask Omar (4b) to wash himself before touching the 
sheets on which Surat Ta Ha was written? 

D. Think-up 

1 . From the lesson, in what different ways did Omar’s acceptance of 
Islam affect Islam and the Muslims? (You may list them). 

2. Why do you think Omar ( 4b ) told Abu Jahl of his becoming Muslim? 

Gfi) ^ 4 

Prophet Muhammad * (6) 

Islam began to spread among the tribes. The Quraysh saw that 
the companions of the Prophet ( H ) had landed in a country where 
they found security and stability. The Negus had protected those who 
took refuge in his country. Omar ( *£& ) and Hamzah ( «£& ) added 
strength to Islam. The Quraysh saw that Islam continued to spread 
among the tribes of Arabia. 

When the Quraysh realized that Banu Hashim and Banu 
al-Muttalib were determined to protect the Prophet ( M ) and defend 
him, they met to discuss the situation and reached an unjust decision. 
They decided not to intermarry with them, trade with them, sit with 
them, mix with them, enter their houses, speak to them or show them 
any kindness until they handed the Messenger of Allah over to them 
so that they could kill him. They wrote this in a document and swore to 
stick to its terms. Then they hung it inside the Ka’bah in order to give 
it authenticity. 

When the Quraysh did that, Banu Hashim and Banu al-Muttalib 
gathered round him in his quarters in a narrow valley of Makkah. 

Both the Muslims and the disbelievers agreed to support their 
leader, Abu Talib, except Abu Talib’s own brother, Abu Lahab who 
was hostile to Islam from the beginning. He broke off relations with his 
own clan and joined the boycott. The Quraysh were very happy with 
his decision to join them. The aim of the Quraysh was to force Abu 
Talib to hand over his nephew to them. The Quraysh had planned to 
kill the Prophet ($|). 

So the boycott was fully enforced against the Prophet ( ), his 

followers and their protectors from Banu Hashim and Banu al-Muttalib. 
The Shi’b of Abu Talib was a rough valley, full of rocks and enclosed 
by hills on all sides. It could only be entered from Makkah through a 
narrow opening. In this barren valley, Allah’s Messenger ( ), his 

companions and the entire clans of Banu Hashim and Banu 
al-Muttalib were forced to retire with limited supplies of food and 

The boycott was strictly applied and food was so rare that they 
often had to eat tree leaves. If they found a dry hide, they would roast 
it and eat it. Their hungry children’s cries could be heard all over the 
valley. The Quraysh told the merchants not to sell them any goods. 
Prices were increased to prevent them from buying even the essential 

Allah’s Messenger ( ) was in the same condition, but he 

continued to call his people to Allah night and day, privately and 
openly. Banu Hashim and Banu al-Muttalib bore this hardship 

Some fair-minded people of fhe Quraysh did nof like fhis 
boycotf. Among them was Hisham ibn Amr ibn Rabee’ah. He hated 
this unfair boycott. He contacted some men of the Quraysh whom 
he knew to be kind-hearted. He told them that it was shameful to 
allow such cruelty to continue. He asked them to abandon the unjust 
boycott. As a result, a number of people rose in favour of ending the 

In the meantime, the Prophet ( ^ ) told Abu Talib that he was 
informed by Allah that the document bearing the agreement had 
been eaten away by white ants except the part bearing the name 
of Allah. 

Their banishment from Makkah took place in the beginning of 
the seventh year of the Prophet’s mission. 

Soon the supplies of food and basic necessities began to run 
short. The dwellers of the Shi’b had to wait for foreign traders who 
came to Makkah only occasionally to buy fresh supplies. 

As the days and the months of their confinement dragged 
along, the wailing of hungry children and women in the Shi’b could 
be heard in Makkah. Some of the Quraysh known for their 
hard-heartedness and cruelty were well satisfied with the effect of 
the boycott, which they had imposed on the Muslims. Many were 
moved by pity and sympathy. Many others were impressed by the 
devotion and courage of the Muslims in the cause of Islam. 

The boycott lasted for three years. The Prophet (H ) and those 
with him could only venture outside their place of confinement 
during the season of pilgrimage. At those times, which were scarce, 
they could go out and mingle freely with their oppressors. They 
would perhaps get some supplies, either as gifts, which some kind 
people in Makkah gave them in secret, or by buying them from 
foreign merchants. 


T- GH) Jj-“j 

Prophet Muhammad 

The Muslims were now allowed to return to their homes. When the 
Quraysh went to the Ka’bah to take down the boycott agreement, 
they found it had been completely eaten away by white ants, except 
for the portion where the name of Allah was written. The Quraysh’ 
determination to enforce the boycott was at last broken. 

The end of the boycott marked the tenth year of the Prophet’s 
mission. Allah’s Messenger ($|) returned to face new trials and 

x e r c i s e s 

A. Fill in the blanks with suitable words. 

1 . The document was eaten away by 

2. Banu Hashim and Banu al-Muttalib were determined to 
the Prophet ( M)- 

3. The Quraysh met to discuss the situation and reached an 

B. Name the following: 

1 . The two tribes that were boycotted. 

2. The place where the disbelievers hung the document. 

3. The Prophet’s uncle who supported the boycott. 

4. The place where the Prophet (^:) and his companions took refuge 
during the boycott. 

C. Answer these questions. 

1 . What was decided in the Quraysh’s meeting? 

2. Write down three decisions the Quraysh wrote down in the document. 

3. What difficulties did Muslims go through during the boycott? 

4. Describe the Shi’b of Abu Talib. 

How did some kind-hearted Qurayshites help the Muslims? 



By now Allah’s Messenger ( jjjjg ) had been preaching the message 
of Islam for close to ten years. But the overall situation was not very 
encouraging. In Makkah, the Muslims were a minority. But Allah fulfils 
His purposes through a variety of methods, some of which human 
beings may never expect. 

The period of the boycott lasted for three years. A large number 
of Makkans endured great hardships. People continued to enter Islam 
despite the boycott. This was, however, on a limited scale. 

The boycott was a period of quiet in the conflict between Muslims 
and the disbelievers. There was little contact between them, so many 
of the Quraysh notables had time to reflect on the message of Islam 
revealed in the Qur’an. To them the Qur’an was something wonderful 
and its words were powerful. When recited, they could not turn away 
from it. The idol-worshippers' chiefs did everything to stop people from 

listening to the Qur’an. But the Qur’an has its attraction even to the 
bitterest enemies of Islam. They knew that the Prophet ( ^ ) spent 
some time every night in worship reciting the Qur’an in it, so some of 
them would sit just outside their houses in the darkness of night, 
listening to the Qur’an being recited by the Prophet ($§ ). 

Six months after leaving the Shi'b 
of Abu Talib, two sad events took 
place, which were particularly hard 
for the Prophet ) to bear. Abu Talib 
died. That was in Rajab of the tenth 
year of Prophethood. In fact, Abu 
Talib had provided support to the 
Messenger of Allah as well as 
protection to Islam against 
aggression from the leaders and the 
rabble alike. 

Two months after the death of Abu Talib, Khadijah ( ib ) also 
passed away. This happened in Ramadan of the tenth year of 
Prophethood. She was sixty-five years then. The Prophet ( ^ ) deeply 
mourned her death, for she had been the best of supporters to him, 
encouraging him to convey the message, consoling him and 
supporting him with her wealth. The Prophet ( H ) once said about 
her, "She believed in me when people disbelieved in me, she shared 
her wealth with me when people deprived me, and Allah blessed 
me with children from her and from no one else." 

The Prophet ( H ) was aware that he was left not only without a 
loving wife, but also without a protector. His enemies saw in the 
death of Abu Talib a long-awaited opportunity to harm and 
persecute him. In fact, they became fearless after the death of Abu 

Prophet Muhammad 


The Prophet’s neighbours, who were opposed to him, increased 
their attacks under the leadership of Abu Jahl and his wife. They 
repeatedly threw rubbish inside his yard and in front of his door. 
Once, one of their insolent mobs threw dust and earth upon his 
head. As he entered his home, one of his daughters wept bitterly as 
she wiped the dust from her father’s head. "Do not cry my daughter," 
he said, "for Allah will certainly protect your father." 

When the leaders of the Quraysh heard about Abu Talib’s 
illness, they rushed to his bedside. They included Abu Jahl, Abu 
Sufyan and Abdullah ibn Umayyah. They complained to him about 
the Prophet’s activities in Makkah. They requested him to call the 
Prophet ( |§ ) and ask him to stop preaching Tawheed. The Prophet 
(^|) came and found Abu Jahl by his side, and he said, "My uncle! 
Just bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and I will plead for 
you before Allah!" Abu Jahl and Abdullah ibn Umayyah said, "Abu 
Talib! Will you leave the faith of Abd al-Muttalib?" They continued to 
speak to him until he said, "I will remain on the faith of Abd 

One report says that Abu Talib told the Prophet (H) that the only 
reason for his remaining in the religion of Abd al-Muttalib was his fear 
that the Quraysh pagans link his conversion to the fear of death. The 
name of Abu Talib, the Prophet’s uncle, will be forever remembered 
with gratitude by Muslims, although he died without accepting 
Islam. His real name was Abd Manat, but he is better known by his 
kunya Abu Talib (the name of his first born son was Talib). 

Abu Talib’s eldest son, Talib, sympathized with the cause of 
Islam. He was forced by the Quraysh pagans to take part in the 
Battle of Badr. He was not killed there, nor taken prisoner by Muslims, 
nor did he ever return to Makkah. It is not known what happened to 
him. You will learn about the great Battle of Badr in Grade Seven, 
Inshaa Allah. 

Abu Talib was generous and kind-hearted. In spite of his 
poverty, he held a position of esteem among the chiefs of the 
Quraysh. He regarded the care for the life of his nephew as the 
central object of his life. He loved him more than his own children. 
He protected him against the cruelties of the Quraysh pagans. He 
did everything in his power to ease the hardships the Prophet ( ^ ) 
suffered in Makkah. His death in the tenth year of the Prophet’s 
mission was one of the distressing events in the life of the Prophet 
(H ). After Abu Talib, the Prophet ( H ) had no powerful protector in 

Fill in the blanks with suitable words. 

1 . 

2 . 




The boycott lasted for 


Abu Talib was the Prophet’s uncle and 
Khadijah (!#>) passed away only 
Khadijah (t^) passed away in the 
Abu Talib’s real name was 

after the death of Abu Talib. 
year of Prophethood. 

B. Answer these questions. 

Which two events grieved the Prophet (^)? 

2. What reasons can you give for the death of Khadijah ( &)? 

3. What kind of a support was Khadijah ( ) to the Prophet (si)? 

4. What difficulties did the death of Abu Talib bring to the Prophet (^)? 


5. Abu Talib did not really disbelieve in Allah and His Messenger ( M ). What 
reason did he give for not accepting Islam? 

6. What do you know about Abu Talib’s son, Talib? 

C. Think-up 

There is benefit in everything that Allah allows to happen. What benefit 
did the boycott have on the Quraysh notables? 

Prophet Ayyub ( ) was a descendant of Prophet Ibraaheem 
He lived in an area in the North-eastern part of Arabia called 
Huran, near Palestine. 

Allah sent him as His Messenger to the area of Huran to teach its 
people Tawheed and to guide them to the Straight Path. Most of the 
people of Huran did not believe in Allah. They were very selfish. They 
did not help the needy or the orphans. They did not feed the hungry. 
Prophet Ayyub (M) spent his days and nights calling them to believe 
in Allah. He warned them of the Day of Judgement. 

Ayyub (M) was a very rich man. He had cattle, slaves, servants 
and a lot of lands and property. He also had many children and a 
big family. Allah had blessed Ayyub ( ) with many comforts. His 

house was on a vast piece of land. There were fruit gardens with rows 
of towering trees. He possessed fields, which produced many kinds of 
vegetables. In the fields around his house, Ayyub ( ) and his family 
kept animals. 

of Ayyub ( & ) was a test from Allah. The life of 
Prophet Ayyub ( ) was an example for others to follow. Ayyub 

( ) had great wealth and comforts, but he knew that they were 
blessings from Allah. He always remembered and thanked Allah. 

The wealth 

Allah tested Ayyub ( in a different 
way. Everything was taken away from him, 
one after the other, and he suffered 
different types of diseases. No part of his 
body was safe or healthy except his heart 
and tongue, with which he remembered 
Allah. His sickness continued for many years that the people around 
him stayed away from him except his loving wife who carried on 
looking after him. 

She remembered his good treatment 
of her and his compassion for her. Prophet 
Ayyub ( ) never lost patience at all. 

When the sickness had afflicted him for a 
long time, he said to her, "I have lived for 
seventy years in a healthy condition, could 
I not bear all this patiently for the sake of Allah for another seventy 

She was impatient with this answer. She served other people for 
wages to feed Ayyub ( & ), but after sometime, people stopped 
giving her work because, being Ayyub's wife, they were afraid that 
she might pass on his diseases to them. 

Ayyub’s wife was not an ordinary woman. She remained by his 
side through all the hard times. She would hold his hands and talk to 
him when everyone else stayed away from him. It was extremely 
painful for Ayyub ( ) and his wife to go through all of this. 

Ayyub (M ) showed patience and always remembered Allah 
even under such circumstances. He would call out to his Lord, 
‘Great harm has afflicted me and You are the Most Merciful of the 

Allah the Almighty answered his prayer. After this long test 
which lasted for so many years, Allah relieved Prophet Ayyub ($£§i) 
from his suffering. He returned to him his health and the same 
wealth and children and doubled them for him. Ayyub ( had 
passed the test. He had remained steadfast in the face of 


Allah commanded Ayyub to strike the 
earth with his foot. He did as he was 
commanded and Allah caused a spring 
of fresh and cool water to gush forth. 
Allah ordered him to wash in it and drink from it. Allah caused his 
sickness that had afflicted his body for so long to come to an end. 

Allah made him a healthy and 
handsome person again. He gave him 
much wealth in the form of gold. When 
Allah relieved Ayyub, He caused locusts 
of gold to rain down upon him. 

Prophet Ayyub ( $$ ) lived an extremely hard life. The most 
amazing quality that Ayyub ( ) had was his patience. He 

remained patient throughout his hard life. 

Believers have a great example to follow in the life of Prophet 
Ayyub ( >%M\ ). 

1 . Prophet Ayyub ( >%M \ ) was a descendant of 

(Prophet Ibraaheem, Prophet Nuh). 

2. Allah sent him to the people of (Madyan, Huron). 

3. Ayyub’s wife was (pious, rude). 

4. The most amazing quality of Ayyub ( %§') was his 

(thankfulness, patience). 

B. Answer these questions. 

1 . What were the people of Huron like? 

2. What are some of the blessings with which Allah blessed Prophet Ayyub 

( >&Si)? 

3. How did Allah test Ayyub’s faith? 

4. Why did people stop giving work to Ayyub's wife? 

Prophet llyaas (>&a) was from the family of Prophet Haroon (j&si). 
Allah sent him to the town of Ba’labak, west of Damascus, to call its 
people to the way of Allah and to forbid them from worshipping idols. 

The people of Ba'labak were idol-worshippers. They had 
forgotten the teachings of their prophets that Allah is One and He has 
no partner. They made these idols with their own hands out of stones 
and wood. Their favourite idol was called Ba’I. Even the king of 
Ba'labak worshipped Ba’I. They held festivals and fairs in its honour. 
People came from everywhere to celebrate its fake greatness. The 
town of Ba’labak was named after this idol. 

Prophet llyaas m 

There were huge gatherings in different seasons of the year for 
the worship of Ba’I. Many temples were built for the purpose. They lit 
fires around the idol and burnt perfumed articles in it. Sometimes 
human sacrifices were also offered to the idol. The idol of Ba’I was 
entirely made of gold, sixty feet in height, having four faces. Five 
hundred servants were employed to look after the idol. 

llyaas ( ) informed them of the Message of Allah. He told them 
that Allah is the Only Creator and the Lord of everything. He was a 
very noble person. The greed of the wealthy people made llyaas ($$) 
very sad. He pleaded with the wealthy people to obey Allah, but they 
hardly listened to him. Soon they became upset with Prophet llyaas 
($gst) and his message. Some evil people decided to kill him. 

When llyaas ( ) learnt of their evil plot, he became very sad. 
This group of evil people included the king of Ba'labak and his own 
wife, llyaas ( ) decided to leave the place. One night, he left the 

town quietly and took refuge in a cave in a mountain far away from 
the evil people of Ba'labak. The cave became his new home. He lived 
there by himself and spent his time praying to Allah. 

As the time went by, the town of Ba'labak was in the grip of 
famine. The people of Ba'labak were in panic. They did not know 
what to do. The famine lasted for a long time. Finally, they set out to 
find llyaas (^) to see if he could help them. They looked for him 
everywhere but they could not find him. However, just when they 
gave up hope, Allah commanded llyaas ( ) to return to Ba'labak. 

Ilyaas ( ) told his people, "The famine has come to you as a 
sign from Allah. It is a warning. You rejected me. You rejected Allah’s 
Commands. You are a very stubborn people. This drought is a 
punishment from Allah for not obeying His Commands." Some of his 
people said, "O Ilyaas, we understand what you say! We accept Allah 
as the One and Only Creator. We are grateful to Allah for leading us 
out of darkness." 

Ilyaas ( ) prayed to Allah for rain. Allah responded to his 

prayer and the rain fell. The fields of Ba'labak became green again. 

The people of Ba'labak were grateful for the changes in their 
fortunes. Prophet llyaas’s followers began to increase. He began to 
gain popularity. But still many of the people of Ba'labak refused to 
obey him. They rejected him. They were not prepared to listen to him. 

They once again planned to kill him. Ilyaas ( ) again left the 

town. He retuned to Ba'labak after the death of the king. He 
continued to teach the Message of Allah until he passed away. 

A. Circle the correct word between brackets. 

1 . Prophet llyaas ( & ] was from the family of 

2. People worshipped an idol called 

3. People of Prophet llyaas (>& 9 ) worshipped 

(Haroon, Nuh). 
(Ba'I, Ba’labak). 
(idols, Allah). 

B. Fill in the blanks with suitable words. 

1 . 

Prophet llyaas ( ) lived in the town of 

in Syria. 


His people made idols out of 



Allah tested the people of llyaas ) with a severe 

C. Answer these questions. 

1 . What was the name of the town of Ba'labak named after? 

2. In what different ways did the people of Prophet llyaas ( ) honour Ba'I? 

3. What did llyaas ( >fc3) do when he came to know that his people wanted 
to kill him? 

4. What reason did llyaas ( >& ) give for the famine that had struck his 

The story of Yunus ( >$M ) affirms Allah's Kindness to His slaves. 
Allah’s help comes when His slaves are in despair and hardship. Allah 
is Merciful. He has power over everything! 

Allah sent Prophet Yunus ( ) to the people of Nineveh, which 
was situated on the left bank of the River Tigris, opposite the present 
city of Mosul. One of the mounds in this area is still named after 
Prophet Yunus ( M). 

The people of Nineveh had strayed from the Straight Path of 
Islam. They worshipped false gods and idols instead of Allah. Prophet 
Yunus [■$£&) began to call people to Allah. He asked them to stop 
worshipping false gods and idols. He told them that Allah is One and 
the Only Creator and that He alone deserves to be worshipped. But 
the people of Nineveh ignored and rejected him. Prophet Yunus (jjsB) 
continued to preach the Truth to them, but nobody seemed to be 
listening. He felt that his people were very stubborn. They were blind 
to the Greatness of Allah. 


Angrily, he left them warning them that Allah’s punishment would 
come to them after three days. Knowing that prophets do not lie, the 
people went out into the desert with their children and cattle. There 
they humbly asked for Allah’s forgiveness and prayed fervently to Him 
for mercy. They regretted what they had done to their Prophet ( $0 ). 
Allah responded to their call and did not punish them. 


Yunus ( jjsB ) had already left 
the town. He walked until he 
arrived at a sea harbour. As he 
approached the water, he found a 
ship ready to set sail. He boarded 

the ship in the sea. Soon a storm hit tsasm^w . , * 

them. The sea rolled, and the ship 
was heavy and it almost sank. The 

people decided to draw lots with everyone’s name. The one whose 
name was drawn would be thrown into the sea to lighten their loads. 
The lot fell on Yunus (gga). So they drew lots again. A second time the 
lot fell on Yunus ( ). Then a third time and it fell on him again. So 

they knew that Allah had intended him in this matter. 

Yunus ( ) then was thrown into the sea. Allah sent a whale to 
swallow him. Allah commanded the whale not to eat him and not to 
bite him. The whale took him to the depths of the sea. 

Yunus ( ) felt very sorry and 

prayed to Allah to forgive him. He 
was in the dark belly of the whale. 
He called out from the depths of 
darkness, "There is no god other 
than You. Glory be to You. I have 

truly been among the wrongdoers. 

Allah’s Messenger ( ^ ) says about this supplication, "No Muslim 
calls upon Allah by these words, about anything, but that Allah will 
answer his supplication." (Ahmad and At-Tirmidhee) 

Allah showed mercy to Prophet Yunus (^B) and saved him from 
the trial. He commanded the whale to spit him onto the shore. It was 
because of Yunus’ praising of Allah and seeking repentance that 
he was saved from the belly of the whale Otherwise he would have 
stayed there until the Day of Resurrection. 

The whale 
swam to the shore 
and threw him onto 
it. Yunus ( & ) was 
exhausted. He was 
ill. He lay there 
under the bright 
glare of the sun. He was feeling very weak. 

Allah again showed His Mercy to Prophet Yunus ( ^B ). He 
commanded a plant of the gourd kind to grow over him 
abundantly. Its leaves were very soft. It provided much shade, and 
flies never approached him. He ate of the fruit, whether cooked or 

When Yunus ( ^B ) had fully recovered, he went back to his 
people and preached to them once again. This time his people 
believed him and a hundred and twenty thousand or more of them 
accepted his teachings. 

There are lessons for the believers in the story of Yunus ( $0 ). 
The lesson is that we should never give up our duty to call to the 
worship of Allah. We should not give up hope or be angry if we do 
not succeed first; we should continue to do our duty. Success will 
eventually come. It may be closer to us than we think! 

A. Fill in the blanks with suitable words. 

1 . 

2 . 




The story of Yunus ( >& ) teaches us that Allah’s help comes when His 
slaves are in 

and hardship. 

Prophet Yunus ( ) was sent to the people of 

Nineveh was on the left bank of the River 
present city of 

, opposite the 

Prophet Yunus ( <&) said his people would be punished after 

Allah commanded a 

to swallow Yunus ( ). 

B. Answer these questions. 

1 . What did the people of Nineveh worship? 

2. Why was Yunus ( ) thrown over board from the ship? 

3. How did Allah care for Yunus (<&ai ) on the shore? 

4. What lesson do we learn from the story of Yunus (sysi)? 

C. Think-up 

Why do you think the whale did not eat Yunus (>&9)? 

Time is not money or gold. It is life and it is limited. A Muslim must 
appreciate every moment of his life. He should always strive to make 
the best use of it. 

The Nature of Time 

Time is the longest, yet it is the shortest. It is the swiftest, yet it is the 
slowest. All of us neglect it. All of us regret it. Nothing can be done 
without it. It eats away what is small. It builds up all that is great. This is 
the nature of time. 

Time is the longest because it lasts forever; it is the shortest 
because none of us has enough time to finish life’s work. It is the 
swiftest for those who are happy. It is the slowest for those who suffer. 
Life is made of time. Time, therefore, is not gold or money; it is life. 

Time lost cannot be recovered. We cannot store it. Time lost is 
never found. We all have the same supply of time: twenty-four hours 
a day but we use it differently. 

Allah’s Messenger ( f| ) said, "There are two blessings which many 
people lose: health and leisure time." (Ai-Bukhaaree) 

The Arabic word "ghabn", used here as "lose", actually means 
buying something at a far higher price than its actual price or selling 
it at a far lower price than its actual price, which clearly shows a great 
loss. This hadeeth likens a morally responsible person to a trader and 
likens health and leisure time to capital, the money used for starting a 
new business. If someone puts his money to good use, he will get 
excellent returns on it; otherwise, he will lose it and experience 

This hadeeth also urges us to benefit from our health and leisure 
time to get closer to Almighty Allah; we should do righteous deeds 
while enjoying these blessings before we lose them. 

Leisure time is the time when you are not working or doing other 

Each weekday you get between four or five hours of free time. At 
the weekend, you get another twenty-four hours or so. Some of your 
free time will have to be spent doing your homework, so what do you 
spend your time doing? Do you have enough time to do everything 
you want? 

A journey into the Self 

What do you do with your time? 

Make a schedule of the things you usually do during the day. 
Start with the time you get up and end with the time you go to sleep. 

6.00 a.m. 

7.00 a.m. 

8.00 a.m. 
And so on 

Study the schedule you have made. Mark with a small circle the 
hours where you do something that benefits you or others. Look over 
your activities again. Do you waste a lot of time? Do you put off doing 
things? The way you use your time shows your worth. 

If you value time, you will be prompt. You will be punctual. 
Promptness and punctuality affect the success of any activity. 

If you value time, you will divide your hours and the minutes 
among your different daily activities. How much of your time do you 
waste just talking to your friends? Do you offer your daily obligatory 
prayers on time? Do you have time for recreation? Do you do this 

Do you have a balance of work and 
leisure in your time schedule? While you 
must always strive to make the best of your 
time, you must aim for excellence. 

Excellence in everything you do. The 
Prophet ( H ) said, "Allah has prescribed 
Ihsaan (excellence, proficiency) in all 

things." (Muslim) It is therefore necessary that everybody must spend 
some time at the beginning of the week planning in detail the exact 
schedule of the week. 

You must realize that the Qur’an and hadeeth can be fully 
memorized, books can be read, books can be written, and 
examinations can be passed by the proper use of time. Time could 
be spent for self-development. Plan your day each morning by 
writing down the things to do, and check them off as they are done! 

A Muslim begins his day with salah and ends it with salah. These 
two salahs are Salatul-Fajr and Salatul-lsha. 

Our time is our capital, and so we must use it wisely, according 
to the teachings of our religion, to lead a happy life in this world and 
eternal bliss in the hereafter. 

A. Fill in the blanks with suitable words. 

1 . There are two blessings which people lose: 

We must use our time 

bliss in the hereafter. 

3. A Muslim begins his day with salatul- 

to lead a happy life in this world and 
and ends it with 

B. Answer these questions. 

1 . How is time the shortest and the longest? 

2. What is leisure? 

What beneficial things can you do to better use your time? 


C. Think-up 

Write down "A Day in My Life". Start from the time you get up to the time 
you go to bed. 

Ammar’s father, Yaasir al-Ansee, came from Yemen to Makkah 
with his two brothers in search of a lost brother of theirs. His brothers 
al-Haarith and Maalik returned, while Yaasir settled in Makkah. He 
married Sumayyah bint Khubbaat. Sumayyah was a slave-girl of 
Banu Makhzum, so Ammar was born in bondage. But later he was set 
free by his master Abu Hudhayfah ibn al-Mugheerah. 

Ammar (4&) and his parents were among the early adherents of 
Islam. They were cruelly tortured because of their faith. They were ex- 
posed to a severe test, but they bore this test with great courage and 
patience. Sumayyah ( fcfe. ), the mother of Ammar, was the first martyr 
of Islam. Abu Jahl killed her with a spear in a very cruel way. Yaasir 
his father, also died because of torture, but Ammar survived. The 
Prophet (^f) said to them once, "Be patient, family of Yasir; your meet- 
ing place will be in Paradise." 

The pagans would expose Ammar (<4b) to the searing sand of the 
hot desert, burn him with hot iron in various parts of his body and 
plunge him into water with his bleeding wounds until he fainted. They 
would punish him in this way many times so he would leave Islam, but 
he refused. 

Ammar ( migrated first to Abyssinia and later to Madinah. He 
took part in all the battles in the lifetime of the Prophet ( H ) and in 
those during the days of Abu Bakr (<4b) and Omar (<4b). He was known 
for his courage. He also took part in building the Prophet’s Mosque. He 
fell in the battle of Siffeen in the year 37 A.H. 

On the day of the Battle of Siffeen, Ammar said, "Bring me a drink 
of milk." When it was brought to him, he drank it and said, "The Prophet 
( ^ ) said [to me], 'Your last drink in this world will be a drink of milk. 1 " 
He then went forward and fought until he was martyred. He was 
ninety-three years old at the time, and was buried at Siffeen. 

A. Fill in the blanks with suitable words. 

1 . 

Sumayyah ( fcfe ) was the first 

in Islam. 


Yaasir ( ) was martyred under 



Ammar ( ) was martyred in the battle of 

B. Answer these questions. 

1 . Who were Ammar’s parents? 

2. How were Ammar’s parents tortured? Did they survive the torture? 

3. What did the Prophet ( $§ ) say would be Ammar's last drink? Was the 
Prophet's prophecy fulfilled? 

Safiyyah ( 14 ) was the daughter of Abd al-Muttalib. Abd 
al-Muttalib was the chief of his people and was a wise man who 
commanded authority. 

Safiyyah ( & ) was the sister of Hamzah, Abu Lahab, Al-Abbas 
and Abu Talib. Her mother was Haalah bint Wahb, the sister of Amina 
bint Wahb, the mother of the Prophet ( ). She was from the clan of 

Banu Hashim and was the Prophet’s aunt. She belonged to the tribe 
of Quraysh. After the death of her first husband, she married 
al-Awwam ibn Khuwwaylid. Al-Awwam was the brother of Khadijah 
( & ), the Prophet’s beloved wife. 

One of Safiyyah’s sons was az-Zubayr ibn al-Awwam. He was a 
companion of the Prophet ( jjgg ) and a powerful warrior. Safiyyah was 
one of the early Muslims. She emigrated to Madinah and lived after 
the Prophet’s death, to the Caliphate of Omar ibn al-Khattab (*#-)■ She 
was seventy-three years old then. 


i S 

e S 

A. Match the following. 


1 Safiyyah was the sister of 

2 She was from the clan of 

3 She was from the tribe of 

4 Her son was 


a Banul Muttalib. 1 

b Abu Talib and Al-Abbas [4i).2 

c Az-Zubayr ibn al-Awwam. 3 

d Quraysh. 4 

e Banu Hashim. 

B. Answer the following questions. 

1 . Who were Safiyyah’s parents? 

What was the relationship of Safiyyah’s parents with the Prophet (M )? 

2 . 

Ruqayyah ( fct* ) was the oldest daughter of the Prophet ( ) from 
his wife Khdijah ( fcfe ). She had been married to Utbah ibn Abu Lahab 
ibn Abd al-Muttalib before Allah’s Messenger ( H ) began to receive 
the Qur’an. When the Prophet was sent on his divine mission and 
Allah revealed Surat al-Masad, “Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab 
Utbah’s father asked him to divorce Ruqayyah. So Utbah 
divorced her. She embraced Islam when her mother Khadijah ( tfe ) 

Othman ibn Affan ( ) married her, and she immigrated to 
Abyssinia twice with him. On the first emigration, she miscarried the 
child she had from Othman (*$&). Later she bore him a son whom he 
named Abdullah. When the Prophet ( ) emigrated to Madinah, she 

followed suit, after her husband Othman (^). 

. - > L 5 4 V 

UXi t-gi 

Ruqayyah ^ bint Muhammad 

Ruqayyah fell ill when the Prophet ( ) was preparing for the 

Battle of Badr. So he left behind her husband Othman to look after 
her. She died in Ramadan, seventeen months after the Prophet’s 
emigration, while the Prophet ( ^ ) was at Badr. 

Zayd ibn Haarithah came from Badr with the good news of the 
victory. When he entered Madinah, the people were levelling the 
earth over her grave. 

e r c i s e s 

A. Are these statements true or false? 

1 . Ruqayyah ( [$&) was the daughter of A'ishah (i&). [ 

2. She immigrated twice to Madinah. 

3. She died when the prophet (3i) was at Badr. 

B. Answer these questions. 

1 . Who was Ruqayyah (i4) married to first? Why did her first husband divorce 

2. Where did Ruqayyah (t&* ) emigrate? 

3. The good news of the victory of Badr clashed with a sad event. What was 

Allah commands us to treat our parents with honour and respect. 
Allah says, 

"And be good to your parents. If one or both of them reach old 
age in your life, do not say to them a word of disrespect, nor 
shout at them, but speak to them in gracious words." (i 7:23) 

"Give thanks to Me and to your parents." (3i:i4) 

"Behave with them in this world kindly." (3i:i5) 

A man once came to the Prophet (^|) and asked his permission 
to take part in jihad. The Prophet ( ^ ) asked him, "Are your parents 
still alive?" The man answered, "Yes." The Prophet ( ) then said, "Well 
then, consider their service as jihad.” (Muslim) 

The nature of honour and respect for our parents is such that it 
requires many things including the following: 

1 . That we keep them out of harm’s way; 

2. That we treat them with kindness; 

3. That we do not get irritated with them or with their needs; 

4. That we regard service to them as an act of worship; 

5. That we pray to Allah to forgive them and have mercy on them; 

6. That we do not raise our voice above theirs; 

7. That we do not go against their wishes, as long as this does not 
entail any violation of Allah’s Commands; 

8. If our temper should even flare up in anger towards them, we 
must remember how they brought us up, how they spent many 
sleepless nights doing so, how they cared for us and wore 
themselves out. We must also remember the words of Allah: 

"Speak to them in gracious words." (i 7:23] 

They went hungry themselves to keep us satisfied. They stayed 
awake at night so we could enjoy our sleep. 

Of course, it costs to obey. But young people should not think 
that they are the only ones in this world who should obey! Every one 
of us has to obey. Working people obey their employers. Teachers 
obey school authorities. Soldiers obey commanding officers. Young 
people should above all keep clearly in mind that Allah commands 
them to love, respect and obey their parents. 

So we should love them from our hearts. We should always try 
hard to make them happy. We must show them our love and satisfy 
their needs. We should look after them if they are sick and whenever 
they need our help. 

Parents receive authority over their children from Allah, so 
children must obey them in all things, with the exception of a 
command to sin. 

If you told your mother you would be back home at, say, 5:00 
p.m., be home on time! If you offered to clean the garden for your 
father, do the job and keep working until you finish it. 

A man once came to the Prophet ( it ) and said, "O Allah's 
Messenger, Who is more entitled to my best companionship?" The 
Prophet (H ) said, "Your mother." The man then asked, "Who is next?" 
He answered, "Your mother." The man further asked, "Who is next?" 
He answered, "Your mother." The man then asked, "Who is next?" He 
answered, "Your father." (Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) 

The Prophet ( ) said that Allah has forbidden us from 

disobeying our parents. He also said that disobeying parents is one 
of the major sins. 


>x e r c i s e s 

A. Are these statements true or false? 

1 . We do not have to treat our parents well. 

2. Disobeying parents is a major sin. 

3. Young people are the only ones who should obey others. 


x e r c i s e s 

B. Answer these questions. 

1 . What does the Qur’an command us to do regarding our parents? 

2. List at least four things we should do to honour our parents. 

3. What are some of the hardships our parents went through while 
bringing us up? 

C. Think-up 

1 . When should you obey your parents? Give two examples. 

2. Why do you think mothers deserve more love and respect than the 


The Qur'an is the Word of Allah 

The Qur’an is the Word of Allah. It is His book. It is the Revelation 
(Wahy) which Angel Jibreel ($£») brought down from Almighty Allah to 
His Messenger Muhammad ( ^ ). The Prophet ( ) delivered it as he 
received it to his community. 

The Qur’an is uncreated. It has not been invented, changed, 
fabricated or abridged. It does not contain anything that is 

Allah has taken it upon Himself to protect it against corruption, 
and no falsehood can approach it from before or behind it. Allah 
says, "Verily, We have sent the Reminder (i.e. the Qur’an), and We will 
surely protect it [against corruption]." (Surat Ai-Hijr, i 5:9) 

The Qur'an is the Word of Allah 

“Verily, it is an honourable, well-fortified book of exalted power. 
No falsehood can approach it from before or after it: it is sent down 
by the All-Wise, worthy of all praise." (Surat Fussiiat, 4i :4i-2) 

The best amongst Muslims are those who learn it and teach it to 
others. Whoever recites it will be greatly rewarded for doing so. The 
Prophet (^|) describes the person who has nothing of it in his heart 
as a ruined, deserted house. 

The Prophet ( ^ ) said, “Whoever recites a letter from the Book 
of Allah will receive one reward, and one reward comes with ten like 
it. I do not say that [the letters] Alif, Laam and Meem are one letter, 
but rather Alif is a letter, Laam is a letter and Meem is a letter.” 


The Quran's Rights upon Muslims 

The Qur’an makes five demands from every Muslim. They are as 

1 . A Muslim is required to believe in the Qur’an. 

2. He is required to read it. 

3. He is required to understand it. 

4. He is required to act upon its teachings. 

5. He is required to convey its teachings to others. 

The recitation of the Qur’an nourishes the heart. Those who 
lived during the time of the Prophet ( H ) received their inspiration 
and training from the Qur’an. The Qur’an was their guide. It was their 
light and their leader. It was their constant companion. 

The Qur’an is full of wisdom. We should spend hours 
understanding the Qur’an. If we really want to benefit from the 
Qur’an, we should listen to it and study it as if it is being revealed to 
us today - now! 

After understanding what we read in the Qur'an, we should act 
upon its teachings. 

The Qur'an is the Word of Allah 

A. Fill in the blanks with suitable words. 

1 . 

2 . 



The Qur’an is the 

brought down the Qur’an to the Prophet ( % ). 
of Allah. 

Allah has protected the Qur'an from 
The best among Muslims are those who learn the Qur’an and 
it to others. 

B. Answer these questions. 

1 . What are the rights of the Qur’an on Muslims? 

2. From the life of the Prophet’s companions, what should the position of the 
Qur’an in our lives be? 

C. Write a brief note on the Qur’an. 


There are more than 6 billion people in the world. Some are tall; 
some are short, ome are fat; some are thin. Some have black hair; 
some have fair hair. Some are dark-skinned; some are fair-skinned. 
Each person is unique, with his or her own physical features. 

Many different subjects are mentioned in the Qur’an in the 
course of inviting people to believe. Sometimes the Qur'an mentions 
the heavens, sometimes the animals, and sometimes the trees and 
plants. It also mentions many other things as evidence of Allah's 
Greatness and Wisdom. The Qur’an calls us in many verses to reflect 
on our own creation and on anything Allah created. 

The creation of man and the miraculous aspect of this creation 
are stressed in many verses of the Qur’an. Some bits of information 
within these verses are so wonderful and detailed that it is impossible 
for a person living in the 7th century to have known them. Hence, it 
follows that the Qur’an is the Word of Allah! It is sent down by the 
Creator of man for man’s own guidance. 

Fingerprints Facts 

Let us consider the uniqueness of the fingerprints. 

The Qur’an says, "Does man think We will not assemble his bones? 
Yes, We are able even to put together in perfect order the very tips of 

his fingers." (Surat al-Qiyyaamah, 75: 3-4) 

One feature that distinguishes you from everyone else is the 
pattern of the curved lines on the tips of your fingers. These patterns 
are different in every person, and no two people have the same 

The patterns of your fingerprints do not change, as you grow 
older, even if your skin becomes cracked and wrinkled with age. So 
your fingerprints can be used to identify you. Wherever you go, you 
tend to leave your fingerprints behind you. That is why fingerprints are 
widely accepted as a very important way of identifying people. 

The fingerprints are unique to its owner. Every person has a 
different set of fingerprints. All the people who have lived throughout 
history also had different fingerprints. Can fingerprints form by 

It is interesting to note that two centuries ago fingerprints were not 
important. It was only in the late 1 9th century that fingerprints were 
discovered to be different from one person to the other. 

In the 7th century, the Qur’an pointed out that the fingerprints of 
human beings bear a unique characteristic. 

"Does man think we will not assemble his bones? Yes, we are able 
even to put together in perfect order the very tips of his fingers." (Surat 

al-Qiyyaamah, 75: 3-4) 

What does this show? This clearly shows that the Qur’an is the 
Word of Allah. Every bit of information and description of the Qur’an is 
true because every verse of it, every syllable of it, every particle of it is 
from Almighty Allah. It also shows that Allah is Great and Wise and 
creates everything in the best of forms and shapes. 


x e r c i s e s 


kl 26 

A. Answer these questions. 

1 . What answer does the Qur’an give to those who think it is impossible to 
be raised after death? 

2. Do fingerprints change as we grow older? 

3. When did man discover fingerprints, and when did the Qur'an mention 

4. What do the wonderful design of fingerprints point to? 

B. Activity 

1. Apply watercolour to your fingers and mark prints on paper. Now 
compare your prints with those of your friends. Are any of the patterns 

2. There are four lines given here | | . You may make them long 

or short, but try to make as many patterns as you can. How many could 
you make? Remember Allah has made billions upon billions of patterns 
of fingerprints and is continually generating new ones. 

Who is not interested in clothes? Young people nowadays seem 
very concerned about being in style, because they consider this one 
of the requirements for acceptance by other boys and girls - whose 
acceptance means so much to them. But our real joy lies in Allah’s 
acceptance of us! Unfortunately, it is easy for some of us to confuse 
real happiness with glittering-but-quickly-vanishing ‘fun’ that leaves 
us downright unhappy. 

Islam requires us to be careful about our appearance. It wants 
us to dress decently. It wants us to enjoy what Allah has created for 
the purposes of dressing and adornment. Clothes in Islam have two 
main purposes: to cover the body and to beautify the appearance. 


fjA 1LII 

Islamic Dress Code 




There are three types of clothes: 

Those which Allah has declared unlawful for everyone; 

Those which He has declared unlawful for certain individuals 

but not for others; and 

Those which He has disapproved. 

1 . The first type of clothes that have been declared unlawful 
for everyone are those that are wrongfully obtained by 
such acts as stealing. 

2. An example of those which have been declared unlawful 
for certain individuals and not for others is silk. Silk is 
permissible for women but not for men. 

3. Those that are disapproved are those going to 
extravagant lengths, to the point where they amount to 
boastfulness and arrogant pride. 

Matters of dress have two sides: 

One of them is related to the right of Allah, while the second is 
related to the right of man. 

As for the side relating to the right of Allah, it is the concealing 
of the private parts (awrah) from the eyes of people. 

As for the side pertaining to the rights of humans, it is that which 
provides protection from the heat, the cold and all kinds of things 
that can be harmful. 

It is not right for men to imitate women’s style of dress. Likewise, 
it is not right for women to imitate the style of men. The Prophet ( H ) 
cursed the person who would do such a thing. He warned us 
against it with dire threats. 

It is also reprehensible to wear any kind of dress which is so 
transparent that the body can be seen through it. If the private 
parts (awrah) are visible through it, the wearer is a sinner. He is an 
immoral person. 

On one occasion, Asmaa’ bint Abu Bakr ( tfk ) was visiting her 
sister A’ishah ( '<$& ), wife of the Prophet (f| ), when he noted that 
Asmaa’s dress was not thick enough. He turned his face away in 
anger and said, “If the woman reaches the age of puberty, no part 
of her body should be seen but this, and he pointed to his face and 

We should clearly keep it in mind that the choice of clothes 
shouldn’t first be governed by what one likes best or what is least 
expensive, but by the unchanging principles of modesty. Modesty 
is one of the most delightful characteristics of a woman. The girl 
who dresses modestly and tastefully shows her refinement. 
Immodesty in dress cannot be considered elegant. It is mostly 

Some Requirements in Dress according to the Qur’an and the 
Sunnah of the Prophet ( j|g ) 

1 . The covering of awrah. Awrah refers to the parts of the body 
that should be covered at all times. The covering of awrah is 
also a necessary condition for the validity of prayers for both 
men and women. Awrah for men is defined as the area 
between the navel and the knees. For women the awrah is 
defined as the whole body except for the face and the hands. 
Hence, men and women should fully cover their awrah. 


2. Clothes should be loose enough so as not to reveal what they 
are covering (the awrah). 

3. They should be thick enough so as not to reveal the colour of 
the skin or the parts required to be covered. 

4. A woman should not wear a man’s clothes, nor should a man 
wear a woman’s clothes. An aspect of such imitation includes 
the manner of speaking, walking, dressing and moving. 

5. They should not be clothes of fame, pride and vanity. 

In addition to the above conditions, men are not allowed to 
wear silk and gold. This, however, does not apply to women. 

e r c i s e s 

A. Fill in the blanks with suitable words. 

1 . 

2 . 

is permissible for women but not for men. 

in dress cannot be considered elegant. 

B. Write a brief note on the requirements of dress in Islam. 

C. Name the following: 

1 . The two purposes of clothes 

2. The three types of clothes 

3. The two sides of clothes 

D. Answer these questions. 

1 . Explain the Arabic term awrah. What is the awrah for men and 

2. What governs the choice of clothes? 

What does a girl who dresses modestly prove? 





A Muslim must eat and drink only what is pure and lawful. He 
should avoid all that is impure and unlawful, such as dead animals, 
pork, blood and alcoholic drinks. He should also avoid food and 
drink obtained by unlawful means, such as theft or deceit. 

A Muslim must always eat and drink with the intention of 
gaining strength to worship Allah better. He must remember that the 
reason why Allah created him is to worship Him. 

Islam calls to cleanliness, and so a Muslim must wash his hands 
before and after eating. 

u|>uJ1a Ljil 

32/ Etiquette of Eating and Drinking 


Etiquette of Eating and Drinking 

A Muslim must say <dii ^ "In the Name of Allah" every time he 
wants to eat or drink. If he forgets to say ( *i)i ^ - Bismillaah) at the 
beginning of a meal, he should say, when he remembers, 

*s 3 \ ^ Bismillaahi fee awwalihi wa aakhirihi "In the Name 

of Allah, at its beginning and at its end". 

He should also eat and drink with his right hand. The Prophet 
(H ) once said that Satan eats and drinks with his left hand. 

He should eat from the side of the plate that is in front of him if 
he is eating with people from the same plate. He should not eat 
from the top or the middle of the pile of food but from the sides. If 
he uses his hand, he should use three fingers to handle his food. 

If, however, there are different plates, and the food consists of 
different types, he can move his hand around, like in the case of 
sweetmeats or fruits, where he may stretch his hand and choose. 

He should not blow on hot food. Rather, he should wait 
patiently until it is easy to eat. If he wants to drink, he should do so 
with the right hand, say <dii ^Bismillaah and drink in three breaths. 

He should never criticise food. Criticising food, which is a 
blessing from Allah, means not appreciating Allah's blessings. The 
Prophet ( ) never criticised food; if he liked it, he would eat it; but 
if he did not like it, he would leave it. 

It is bad manners to eat or drink in a reclining position. It was 
not the Prophet's practice to do so. It is permissible to eat and drink 
while standing or at a table. Sitting down to eat, however, is highly 

It is not permissible to eat or drink in plates or vessels of gold or 
silver. Once a person has placed a morsel in the mouth, he should 
not take it out again, unless it is too hot or spoiled. If it happens to 
be spoiled, he may spit it out without drawing people’s attention. 


When passing food or drink to someone, he should start with 
the person sitting on his right. The Prophet ( ^ ) was once given 
some milk. On his right was a Bedouin and on his left was Abu Bakr 
(<#>). After the Prophet ( ^ ) had drunk, he passed the milk to the 
Bedouin and said, "Serve the person to the right first, then the next 
person to the right." (Al-Bukhaaree) 

It is bad manners to blow one's nose at the table or talk with 
one's mouth full. One can of course talk while eating, but only when 
a little or no food is left in the mouth. 

A good Muslim always remembers to thank Allah after eating 

l } 0 y 

or drinking by saying bil Hamdulillaah "Praise be to Allah". 

The Prophet ( ^ ) would say, 

> 4 

ibl 4Jb 

Al-Hamdulillaahilladhee at'amanee haadaa wa razaqaneehi 
min ghairi hawlin minnee walaa quwwah 

"Praise be to Allah Who fed me this and provided it for me 
without any strength or power on my part." 

He should not overeat. He should stop eating before he 
becomes full, following the Prophet’s example. If he happens to be 
somebody’s guest, he should recite the following du’aa for the host 
and his family: 

a a / 0 a / 0 / a / 

0 ? 0 S 0 .S 0 ? 0 „ * S — 


Allaahumma baarik lahum feemaa razaqtahum, waghfir 
lahum, war-hamhum 

"O Allah! Bless for them what you have provided them with, 
and forgive them and have mercy on them." 

Etiquette of Eating and Drinking 


I 35 


x e r c 1 s e s 

A. Are these statements true or false? 

1 . It is all right to eat with the left hand once in a while. 

2. It is all right to blow on hot food and drink. 

3. It is healthy to drink water in one large gulp. 

4. It is rude to blow one’s nose at the table. 

5. We should not talk with our mouth full. 

6. It is not bad manners to recline while eating. 

B. Complete the following sentences. 

1 . 

2 . 



Food is a 

from Allah and so we must not criticise it. 

It is not permissible to eat or drink in plates or vessels of 


If we use our hand, we should use 

When passing food or drink, we should start from the 

fingers to handle food. 


C. Answer these questions. 

1 . What should one say before and after eating? 

2. What do you know about eating and drinking in anything made of gold 
or silver? 

D. Activity 

Memorise the du’aas in this lesson and recite them at their proper times. 

The Friday Prayer 


^ 36 ^ 

Salaatul Jumu’ah (the Friday prayer) is a special prayer which is 
offered in place of Salaat adh-Dhuhr on Friday. It consists of two 
rak’ahs and is preceded by a sermon - the khutbah. 

Salaatul Jumu’ah brings together a large number of people 
from different places. This increases the sense of togetherness. 

Salaatul Jumu’ah is an obligation. Allah says, 

"O you who believe! When the call is proclaimed for the prayer 
on Friday, come to the remembrance of Allah and leave off 
business. That is better for you if you only knew. " ( 62 - 9 ) 


ll 37 J 

Salatul Jumu’ah is obligatory on every free, adult, non-travelling 
men who do not have a valid excuse, such as illness, for not 
attending. It is optional for women. If a woman decides to pray at 
home, or if anyone is prevented from attending Salatul Jumu’ah, he 
or she must pray the four rak’ahs of the Dhuhr prayer in the usual 

Friday is a noble and virtuous day. In fact, it is the best day of 
the week. The Prophet ( % ) said, “The sun has not risen on a day 
better than Friday. On it Adam was created; on it he was admitted 
into Paradise, and on it he was expelled from it. The hour will not 
occur except on Friday.” (Muslim) 

The following are some of them: 

1 . Taking a bath (ghusl) 

The Prophet (|§ ) said, "Taking a bath on Friday is obligatory for 
every [male] adult." (Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) 

2. Wearing clean clothes and fragrance 

3. Leaving early to arrive before its time 

4. Not to separate between two people who are sitting 

5. Praying two rak'ahs before sitting down 

When one enters while the imam is delivering the sermon, he 
should perform two raka’hs briefly. 

4 4 4^ tl 3^ is* 

The Friday Prayer 

6. Listening attentively when the imam is giving the khutbah 
Muslims should listen attentively to the Friday sermon and 
remain silent throughout. Even telling others to be quiet is not 
allowed. The Prophet ( ) said, "If one of you tells his [Muslim] 

brother to be quiet while the imam is giving the sermon, he is 
guilty of idle talk." (Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) 

7. Reciting Surat al-Kahf 

It is recommended to recite Surat al-Kahf (18th surah of the 
Qur'an) on Friday. The Prophet ( $g) said, "Whoever recites Surat 
al-Kahf on Friday, what is between the two Fridays will be 
illuminated for him by light." (Ai-Haakim) 

8. Invoking Allah's peace and blessings on the Prophet ( ^ ) 

The Khutbah and Salaatul Jumu'ah 

When the imam comes into the mosque, he greets the people 
with salaam and ascends the minbar. Then the mu’adh-dhin calls 
the adhan. 

After the adhan, the imam stands up facing the worshippers 
and delivers the khutbah. He glorifies Allah and invokes Allah's 
peace and blessings on the Prophet ( :Jg ). He then reminds the 
assembly of their duties towards Allah. He reminds them to follow 
what Allah has commanded and avoid what He has prohibited. He 
urges them to do good deeds and abandon evil ones. Then he sits 
down for a brief pause. He then stands up again to resume the 
khutbah. Finally, he prays for the congregation and for the entire 
Muslim community. 

The mu'adh-dhin calls the iqaamah, and the imam then leads the 
congregation in salah. He recites the Qur'an in the two rak'ahs aloud. 

A, Name the following: 

1 . The place where the imam stands to give the khutbah: 

2. The person who calls the adhan: 

3. The Arabic word for Friday: 

4. The name of the surah which is recommended to be recited on Friday: 

B. Fill in the blanks with suitable words. 

1 . 

2 . 


Muslims should 

The imam gives the khutbah after the 
Salaatul Jumu'ah consists of two 

attentively while the imam is giving the 

is called. 

C. Answer these questions. 

1 . Who is obliged to attend Salatul Jumu’ah? 

2. What should a person do if he is prevented from offering Salatul Jumu’ah? 

3. What are the benefits of reciting Surat al-Kahf? 

4. What should a person do when he enters the mosque while the imam 
is delivering the sermon? 

As-Sunan ar-Raatibah are the established voluntary prayers 
which the Prophet ( ) regularly performed in combination with the 

five obligatory prayers. They are performed before and after the 
obligatory prayers, and offering them entails a great deal of 
blessings and rewards. 

As-Sunan ar-Raatibah are as follows: 

a. Two rak’ahs before the Fajr prayer: A'ishah ( % ) reported 

that the Prophet ( ) said, "The two rak’ahs of the Fajr are better for 

me than this world and all it contains." (Muslim) 

b. Four rak’ahs before the Dhuhr prayer and two after it. 

c. Two rak’ahs after the Maghrib prayer. 

d. Two rak’ahs after the Ishaa Prayer. 

Umm Habeebah ( tf® ) said that she heard Allah’s Messenger 
($£) say, “Whoever prays twelve rak’ahs in a day and night, a house 
will be built for him in Paradise. They are: four before Dhuhr, 



As-Sunan ar-Raatibah 



two after it, two after Maghrib, two after Isha and two before Fajr.” 

(At-Tirmidhee and Muslim) 

♦♦♦^x ere 

i s e s 

A. Are these statements true or false? 

1 . As-Sunan ar-Raatibah entail great rewards from Allah. 

2. As-Sunan ar-Raatibah are not important. 

3. The Prophet ( H ) always prayed As-Sunan ar-Raatibah. 

4. We should follow the example of the Prophet ( M ) by 
offering As-Sunan ar-Raatibah. 

B. Answer these questions. 

1 . Explain the term As-Sunan ar-Raatibah. 

2. When are they performed? 

Al-Witr Prayer 

The Arabic word witr means "odd number" and is generally 
used to refer to salatul-witr, which is the performance of the last 
voluntary night prayer as one rak'ah. The maximum prayer before it 
should be ten. The Prophet ( ^ ) said, "The (optional) night prayer 
should be offered in twos and twos; if you fear that dawn is 
approaching, then offer one rak'ah to make (the number of rak'ahs) 
you have offered odd (witr)." (Ai-Bukhaaree) 

Al-witr prayer is a necessary Sunnah, and a Muslim should not 
leave it under any circumstances. The time for al-witr extends from 
the Isha prayer until shortly before the Fajr prayer. It is preferable to 
perform it in the last part of the night, unless one fears one might 
wake up late to do it. The Prophet ( ) said, "Whoever among you 

thinks that he will not be able to wake up in the last part of the night 

5^ u2 

0 0 

Al-Witr Prayer 

should perform the witr prayer in the first part; and whoever among 
you thinks that he can wake up in the last part of the night should 
pray witr in the last part. For, indeed, prayer during the last part of the 
night is attended [by the angels] and is more virtuous." (Muslim and 


Recitation for Al-Witr 

For the two rak’ahs that occur before the witr prayer, it is 
recommended to recite Surat al A'ala (Surah 87) after Surat 
al-Fatihah in the first one and Surat al Kaafiroon (Surah 1 09) after 
Surat al-Fatihah in the second one. In the witr rak’ah, the Prophet 
( ) frequently recited Surat al-lkhlas (Surah 1 1 2) after Surat 

al-Fatihah, and only occasionally recited Surat al-Falaq (Surah 1 1 3), 
and Surat an-Nas) along with Surat al-lkhlas. 

A Muslim, however, should not offer the witr prayer twice in the 
same night. If someone has performed the witr prayer in the first part 
of the night, then wakes up and wants to perform any voluntary 
prayers, he can do so without repeating the witr prayer. The Prophet 
($t) said, "There are no two witr prayers in the same night." (At-urmidhee) 

Al-Witr Prayer 

e r c i s e s 

Fill in the blanks with suitable words. 

The time for witr extends from the 

until shortly before 


The witr prayer is a 


The Arabic word witr means 


Answer these questions. 

How many raka’hs does the witr prayer has? 

What surah should be recited in the witr prayer? 

What are the two surahs that are recommended to be recited after 
Surat al-Fatihah in the two rak'ahs before the witr prayer? 

36) Dhikrullaah (Remembrance of Allah) 










The Meaning of Dhikrullaah 

Dhikrullaah (or dhikr, for short) means the remembrance of 
Allah. It can be done by either the tongue or the heart, but the best 
form of dhikr is the one that is done by both of them. Almighty Allah 
commands us to do dhikr: 

✓ ✓ 

Remember Me and I shall remember you. Be grateful to Me and 
do not deny Me. (al-Baqarah 2:152) 

36 ) Dhikrullaah (Remembrance of Allah) 


When we remember Allah, the Creator and Lord of the worlds, 
He remembers us in return. Allah said in a hadeeth qudsee: 

"I am as My servant thinks I am, and I am with him when he 
remembers Me. If he makes mention of Me to himself, I make 
mention of him to Myself; and if he makes mention of Me in a 
gathering, I make mention of him in a gathering better than it ..." 

(Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) 

Dhikrullaah is supremely great. Allah's Messenger ( || ) would 
always remember Allah: before going to bed, upon waking up, 
before entering the toilet, upon leaving it, upon entering the 
mosque, upon leaving it, before and after eating and drinking, in 
the morning and in the evening and at all times. He once said, 
"The comparison of the one who remembers his Lord and the one 
who does not remember his Lord is like that of the living and the 
dead." (Al-Bukhaaree) 

Some of the many Benefits of Dhikrullaah 

1 . It drives away Satan; 

2. It is pleasing to Allah; 

3. It removes the worries of the heart and brings happiness 
and joy to it. 

4. It illuminates the face and the heart; 

5. It gives life to the heart. In fact, it is to the heart as water 
is to the fish. Fish cannot survive without water. 

6. It nourishes the heart and the soul. If someone is 
deprived of it, it is as if his body was deprived of food. 

7. It erases sins. 

8. It delivers one from Allah's punishment. 

9. It is a good way to help the tongue avoid such evil things 
as backbiting, lies and vain talk. 

Each specific form of ibaadah or acts of worship - salah, 

sawm, hajj are all different forms of dhikr. 



36 ,/ Dhikrullaah (Remembrance of Allah) 



Recitation of the Qur'an 

Reciting the Qur'an is the best form of dhikr. In fact, the Qur’an 
is our guide, light and our leader, and so it must be our constant 

Various Expressions of Daily Dhikr 

1 . The Prophet ( said, "[There are] two statements which are 
light for the tongue, heavy in the scales [of deeds] and dearer to 
the Most Merciful: 

4Jbl 4jbl (jL 

Subhaan-Allaahi wa bihamdihee, subhaan-Allaahil-'Adheem 

Glory be to Allah, His is the praise; glory be to Allah, the Most Great 

(Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) 

2. Abu Musa ( *$&) said, "Allah's Messenger ( ) said to me, 

"Shall I not direct you to one of the treasures of Paradise?" I said, 
"Yes, O Allah's Messenger." He said, 

<d)b V 

Lao hawla wa laa quwwata illaa billaah 

There is neither power nor might except with Allah (Ai-Bukhaaree and 

3. Abu Hurairah (4&) narrated that Allah's Messenger ($|) said, 
"Whoever says, 

4jbt (j 

Subhoonolloohi wo bihamdihee (Glory be to Allah, His is the Praise) 

one hundred times a day will be forgiven all his sins even if they 
were as much as the foam Of the Sea." (Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) 



36 ) Dhikrullaah (Remembrance of Allah) 


4. Allah's Messenger ( $| ) said, "For me to say 

Allla 4jbl ^ft All 4Jj a!)I 

Subhaanallaahi wal homdulillaahi wa laa ilaaha illallaahu 
walloahu akbor. 

Glory be to Allah, Praise be to Allah, there is no god but Allah 
and Allah is Most Great is dearer to me than that over which the sun 
has ever risen" (Muslim) 

5. Allah's Messenger ( ) said, "Whoever says 

0 > , 

> 0 a 0 > ' 

fj , fcj t I dJj Jjjbjj I 4J idJ V ijjl All V 

/.aa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu, 
lahul-mulku wa lahul-hamdu wa huwwa ‘alaa kulli shai’in qadeer. 

There is no god but Allah Alone, He has no partner, His is the 
dominion and His is the praise, and He is Capable of all things, 

ten times, will have the same reward as that given for freeing ten 
slaves; one hundred rewards will be written in his account, one 
hundred sins will be removed from his account, and this saying will 
be a shield for him from Satan on that day till night, and nobody 
will be able to do a better deed except the one who has done 
more than him." (Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) 

6. Ali («£&) narrated that Allah's Messenger ( ) told him and 

0 i ? i y ’ 

to his wife Fatimah ( ), "...When you go to bed, say J-&\ All I 

J, ^ 0 * 

Allaahu Akbar thirty-four times, Ai) Al-Hamdu lillaah 

thirty-three times and dill Subhaan-Allaah thirty-three 

times..." (Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) 

kl 49. 


e r c i s e s 

A. Answer these questions. 

1 . What does dhikrullaah mean? 

2. Mention at least four benefits of dhikr. 

3. What is the likeness of the person who remembers Allah and the person 
who does not remember Him? 

4. What is the best form of dhikr? 

B. Activity 

1 . Learn the various forms of dhikr from the lesson and practise them in 
your daily life. 

2. Find out what is meant by 'hadeeth qudsee * 1 2 mentioned in the lesson. 

Du’aa means calling upon Allah and seeking His Help, for 
worldly benefits such as wealth and health, or for religious benefits 
such as forgiveness and everlasting happiness in the hereafter. 
Allah’s Messenger ( described it as being marrow of worship. In 
fact, du'aa is a believer’s response to Allah’s words in the Qur’an, 

"And your Lord says, 'Call upon Me and I will answer your prayers.'" 

( 40 : 60 ) 

Du’aa is a great tool in the hands of a Muslim. It is his strength. 
He may supplicate to Allah in his own words, but it is better to use 
the beautiful du’aas the Prophet ( H ) has taught us. 

It is important to observe the following etiquette of du’aa so 
that we may get benefit from them: 

a. Seek out the blessed times for it: Friday (between the adhaan 
and the iqaamah, when it is raining, the last third of the night, 
upon breaking the fast, while prostrating in the prayers, on the 
Night of Al-Qadr (Decree) and on the Day of Arafah. 

b. Be in a state of purity. 

c. Face the direction of qiblah and raise the hands. 

d. Implore Allah with humility and reverence. 

e. Insist to Allah in one's supplication by repeating the du’aa 
many times and invoke Him by His Names and Attributes. 

f . Be fervent in prayer and hopeful of the answer. 

g. Begin supplication with the mention of Allah, before asking of 
Him, and entreat Him to send His blessings and peace upon 
the Prophet ( $jg ). 

h. Make sure that one's income is lawful, invoke Allah alone and 
be sure that He will answer one's prayer. 

Supplications for various occasions 
On Sleeping and Waking up 

1 . Before you go to sleep, say, 

/ o f ' 9 6 9 6 ' o 


Bismik-Allaahumma amootu wa ahyaa 

In Your Name, O Allah, I die and I live. 


*1 C. JL_ — II 


When you wake up, say: 

Alhamdu lillaahilladhee ahyaanaa ba'da maa amaatanaa 
wa ilaihinnushoor. 

All praise is for Allah Who has brought us to life after causing 
us to die, and to Him is the return [after death]. 

2. Whenever the Prophet ( ) went to bed each night, he would 
cup his hands together and gently blow on them. Then he would 
recite into them: 

Say: He is Allah, the One..." (Surah 112) 

"I seek refuge in the Lord of the Daybreak..." (Surah 1 1 3), and 

" I seek refuge in the Lord of mankind..." (Surah 114). 

Then he would pass them on as much of his body as his 
hands could reach. He would begin with the head and the face, 
then the entire part of his body. He would do this three times. 

3. Allah’s Messenger ( ^ ) said, “When you have repaired to your 
bed, then recite Ayat-ul-Kursee until you complete it, and it will 
continue to be from Allah a protection for you and no devil will 
approach you until you come upon the morning.” 

Du'aa (Calling upon Allah) 



On Entering the Toilet and Leaving it 

4. When you enter the toilet, say: 

£yA lLL) (^itl . <djl ) 

s' s' 

Bismillaah. Allaamumma innee a'oodhu bika minal-khubuthi 

O Allah, I seek protection in You from the male and female devils. 

/ 0 f 

5. When you come out of the toilet, say: ciiil Ghufraanak 
I seek Your forgiveness (O Allah). 

On Eating and Drinking 

6. Allah’s Messenger ( H ) said, 

"Say ajUi Bismillaah (In the Name of Allah), eat with your 
right hand and eat of that which is next to you." If you forget to 

mention Allah’s Name at the beginning, say when you remember: 


^3 4-bl j^-au 

y / / / mm S 

/• / 

Bismillaahi fee awwalihi wa aakhirih 

In the Name of Allah, at the first of it and at the last of it. 

Alhamdu lillaahilladee at’amanee haadhaa, wo 
razaqaneehi, min ghairi howlin minnee wo loo quwwoh. 

Praise be to Allah Who has given me this to eat and has 
provided me with it with neither might nor power on my part. 

8 . 

If you are a guest at a Muslim’s house, say when you finish 
eating food: 

o 9- o so./ o ? ^ o * • 0 * — ' i ' • o 9 'L 

jJie. 1^3 


Alloohummo boorik lohum feemoo rozoqtohum, woghfir 
lohum, wor-homhum 

O Allah! Bless for them what You have given them, and forgive 
them and have mercy on them. 

On Leaving and Entering your Home 

9. When you leave your home, say, 

4jbL> 3 J I ^JLc, ju ( 4i) I p - ' 

Bismillooh, towokkoltu dlollooh, wo loo howlo wo loo 
quwwoto illoo billooh 

In the Name of Allah; I put my trust in Allah, and there is neither 
power, nor might except with Allah. 

1 0. On entering your home, say: 

Luj 4Jbl fUMjj LL>iJ j 4jbl 

Bismillaohi walajnaa, wo bismilloohi khorojnoo, wo 'oloo 
Robbinoo towokkolnoo 

In the Name of Allah we enter, and in the Name of Allah we 
leave, and in our Lord we put our trust. 

On entering and leaving the Mosque 

1 1 . Upon entering the Mosque, say: 

i 9 / s } ^ ' k ^ s » 0 

4l) I ^ \c um! 4Jb I J 


s o / s / o* o/o 4 }4 ' 

Bismillooh, wossolootu wossoloomu ‘oloo Rosoolillooh. 
Alloohum-moftoh lee obwoobo rohmotik. 

In the Name of Allah, and prayers and peace be upon the 
Messenger of Allah. O Allah, open the gates of Your mercy for me. 

12. When you leave it, you should say: 

9 - s 

4031 ^ I r r Ija ,^>T <uj| fit i-u-i 

Bismillooh, wossolootu wossoloomu ’oloo rosoolilloh. 
Alloohummo innee os’oluko min fodlik 

In the Name of Allah, and prayers and peace be upon the 
Messenger of Allah. O Allah, I ask You of Your favour. 

13. When you hear the call to prayer (the adhan), say as the 
mu’adh-dhin says, except when he says: 

'so ' s 6 / ' S & s 

Cr Lc Cr Lc ^ Hayya alas-Salaah "Come to 

prayer" and Hayya alal-Falaah "Come to success", you should say: 
Laa hawla wa laa quwwata illaa billaah, after each statement. 

After the Adhan say, 

. 0 ' a 

1 L u >-a CjI JJI oli4> <-jj 

^ Id I I 0 ^ ^ I ^ fl 4-Lxj I ^ r a \ t u£l & Jlj 

> 0 

Allaahumma Rabba haadhihid-da'watitfaammati, 
was-Salaatil-qaa'imati, aati Muhammadanil-waseelata 
wal-fadeelata, wab‘ath-hu maqaaman mahmoodan-illadhee 

"O Allah, the Lord of this perfect call and the established 
prayer, give Muhammad Al-Waseelah (a high position in Paradise) 
and Al-Fadeelah (a rank above the rest of creation), and raise him 
on the honoured station which You have promised him." 

When you have finished it, ask of Allah and you will be given 

The Prophet ( H ) said, “The supplication which is made 
between the adhan and the iqamah is not rejected.” (Abu Dawood) 

A. Fill in the blanks with suitable words. 

1 . 

2 . 


Du’aa is a great 

A Muslim must make sure that his 
A Muslim can call upon Allah for both 

in the hands of a Muslim. 

is lawful. 



B. Write a brief note on the etiquette of du’aa. 

C. Answer these questions. 

1 . What is du’aa? How did the Prophet ( % ) describe it? 

2. List some etiquette for du'aa. 

3. A person may supplicate to Allah in his own words. However, what is 
the recommended way of doing du'aa? 

D. Activity 

Learn the beautiful du’aas in this lesson and practise them in your daily 

( «LLc 4Jbl 1_4 

“A Muslim is one who avoids harming Muslims with his tongue and 
hands, and a muhaajir (migrant) is the one who abandons that 
which Allah has forbidden.” (Ai-Bukhaaree) 

( 4ilxj Lo I I < n ^ ) 

/ ' ' 

“Part of someone's being a good Muslim is his leaving alone that 
which does not concern him.” (At-Tirmidhee) 

Some Sayings of the Prophet 

“The best among you are those who learn the Qur’an and teach it 
to others. (Al-Bukhaaree) 

“Convey to others on my behalf even if it is a single verse.” 


( 3 j-<>3 jljjdll IjJajl) 

“Save yourselves from Hellfire even by giving half a date in charity.” 

(Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) 


“The person who severs the ties of kinship will not enter Paradise.” 

(Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) 

c i ^ ♦ i > t ~ ° t Kt\ 

^ ni A L 1 L4 C ^ 4 'V JL^ I / J 

y y y ** / ** ✓ / * ✓ ** ' x** 

“None of you will be a believer until he loves for his [Muslim] brother 
what he loves for himself. (Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) 

“There should be neither harming, nor reciprocating harm.” 

(Ibn Majah) 


Memorise the sayings of the Prophet ( gg )