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Full text of "Leisure - Vol 10 - No 01 - Mar 1959"

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MARCH. 1959 


* s >o 




. uhver&ty library 


Volume 10, No. 1 Match, 1959 

H. E. Martin 

Cultural Activities Staff 

W. H. Kaasa 

Arts and Crafts: 

Miss Frances Archibald 

Community Recreation: 

Miss Elsie M. McFarland 

Drama . J- T. McCreath 

Libraries.E. J. Holmgren 

Music. D. J. Peterkin 

Drama Festival 

I pity the adjudicator 

For as the hour grows late, and later, 

He knows he has to do his stuff 

When all have sat quite long enough. 

He sees the homicidal eyes 

Of those who do not get the prize. 

And knows which criticized performer 
Would send him down to regions 

Edmonton Symphony Takes 

to the 10 

Something new in making fine music 
available to those outside the cities. 

Regional Drama 14 

A heartening and expert evaluation of 
Drama Festival productions. 

By Jack McCreath 

You're Never Too 18 

Untapped potential for productivity in 
teen-agers if they're given responsibility, 
is author's contention. 

By David Critchley 

Published four times a year by the Cultural Activ¬ 
ities Branch of the Department of Economic Affairs, 
Government of Alberta, Room 424, Legislative Build- 
mg, Edmonton, Alberta. 


But by his harried look, I swear, 

Poor devil . . he's already there! 


Uncovering 2 

The exacting job and fine craftsmanship 
needed to put binding on your favorite 

volume. _ , „ . 

By E. J. Holmgren 

Consolidating Free Time 

Provides Leisure in Chunks page 5 

The unique approach to making the 

best use of all possible free time. 

By K. R. Vaughn Lyon 

And Other Features 


Cover boards are applied to 
the carefully glued end pages. 

Mechanization Has Done 
Away With Much Fine 
Bookbinding that Added 
to Volume's Value. 

Uncovering Covers 

By E. I. Holmgren 

The art of binding books by hand is 
one that is almost as old as books 
themselves. It began with the Chris¬ 
tian era with the change from scrolls 
to books as we know them. The earliest 
binderies were associated with mon¬ 
asteries where the techniques of the 
craft were developed. 

Books are still bound by this careful 
and painstaking way, particularly if 
they are valuable or if the owner 
wants a distinctive cover design. 
When a fine book has been bound by 
a master bookbinder it acquires a 
character of its own that time cannot 

At today's modern publishing 
house, however, all the binding is 

Page Two 

mass produced by machine processes. 
Covers are machine cut to size, books 
are sewn by machines and the letter¬ 
ing on the covers is done by ma¬ 
chinery. This is all necessary in the 
interests of economy. 

Components of Book 

We must understand how a book 
is made up before discussing binding. 
There are first the end covers or 
boards, those stiff protective coverings 
which enclose the contents of the book. 
Next there are the end papers, blank 
pages at each end. Then there are the 

Mr. Holmgren is Supervisor of Libraries for the 
Cultural Activities Branch, Department of Economic 

contents themselves. However, if we 
remove the covers, we will notice two 
things. One is that on the back or 
spine of the book there is some muslin¬ 
like material known as "mull" and 
that there are from four to six (or 
more) tapes or strings projecting from 
the body of the book. These are impor¬ 
tant in binding and they help anchor 
the contents to the covers as do the 
end papers. Some machine-bound 
books may not have this mull. 

Pages in a book are not simply 
glued together at one edge. They are 
sewn in groups of eight, sixteen and 
thirty-two which are known as signa¬ 
tures. Printing a book is done on large 
sheets of paper about thirty-two inches 
square. When one of these is folded 
into four parts it is known as a quarto, 
into eight as an octavo and so on. Dif¬ 

ferent pages are printed on one sheet. 
A machine folds the sheet and then 
the folded sheet or signaure is cut 
at the folds, giving individual pages. 
This explains why we sometimes re¬ 
ceive new boks with pages uncut. 

Rebinding the Volume 

To a binder the signatures are im¬ 
portant as they form the basis of the 
entire book. When a hand binder re¬ 
ceives a book, he removes the old 
covers, the old end papers and the old 
mull. He washes away any old glue 
and cuts away the old thread so that 
the book can be resewn if necessary. 
Now comes an interesting step. If the 
binder has to cut away the old thread, 
he takes the signature to a frame con¬ 
sisting of two uprights and a crossbar. 
The crossbar is adjustable and from it 
to keys under the frame extend four 
or six or more cords or linen tapes. 
Cuts have been made in the signatures 
to take these and the signatures are 
placed in this way and sewn to the 
cords. This sewing is continued until 
all the signatures are in place. The 
cords or ribbons are then cut leaving 
about an inch projecting and the book 

This machine is stitching 
folios of that beautiful book 
“Birds of Alberta” by W. R. 

Page Three 

The bound folios are carefully 
trimmed under the power 

is in part a whole. The cords or tapes 
are the anchor cords mentioned 

The book next goes to a backing 
press where the spine is hammered 
into the familiar shape, to form a 
hinge; glue is applied to the spine and 
new mull put on. Then it goes to a 
guillotine press and the pages are all 
trimmed to make them even. 

Choice of Covers 

The book is now ready for the cov¬ 
ers. The cover material is chosen, cut 
to size, stretched over the boards 
which are of stiff cardboard, and 
pasted to them. A space is left for the 
spine and sometimes a piece of light 
stock is placed in it for stiffening. The 
cover material is usually a form of 
cloth called buckrum. For fine books 
it may be leather. The cover is glued 
to the anchor cords or tapes and to the 
end papers, the book is put in a press 
for the glue to set. When removed we 
have a bound volume. 

There remains only the finishing 
steps. The lettering is put on with gold 
Page Four 

leaf and heated type. Designs may be 
stamped on in a similar manner or the 
leather may be tooled first. The edges 
of the pages may be covered in gold, 
and many other steps may be taken 
to give a book its individuality. 

Extra Steps 

Many extra steps are undertaken to 
improve the basic job. If pages are 
fragile they may be reinforced. On 
some leather books raised ridges are 
placed giving an impression of age. 
There is no limit to ideas. One only has 
to look at some of the old family 
Bibles, or other much cherished books. 


An unusual example of the binder's 
craft is worth mentioning. The writer 
once visited a bindery in England and 
the foreman, a master binder, showed 
him a small book of devotions pre¬ 
pared for the Royal Family at the time 
of the Coronation. It was bound in 
dark leather with a design embossed 
in gold; on the spine was the Royal 
Cipher. Perhaps the most distinctive 
feature of the book was to be found in 
the end papers—they were of silk. 




Many Opportunities Possible 
To Those Who Take Their 
Free Time in 
Big Quantities 

Consolidating Free Time 

Provides Leisure in Chunks 

Our part of the world has never 
been not only as full of opportunities 
but also of frustrated people as it is 
today. The average working man looks 
at life as represented in the press and 
on radio and T.V.—colorful, rich and 
exciting—kicks the dog, and goes off 
to feed lumber into a machine. He's 
good at his job, learned it in half an 
hour six long and tedious years ago. 

The only real break in his routine 
is that precious two-week holiday. 
When it comes, his usual reaction is 
to climb into his car and see how far 

by K. R. Vaughan Lyon 

from work he can go. The distance is 
never great enough, however, for at 
the end of the two weeks the high 
whine of the planer mill is still ringing 
distantly in his ears and every factory 
whistle startles him. 

There is no shortage of literature on 
the problems created by automation, 

but few practical suggestions have 
been advanced to ease the oppression 
of constant service to a machine. Here 
is one such suggestion. It will enable 
unskilled or semi-skilled workers and, 
eventually, all employees, to live more 
interesting lives and to seize some of 
the opportunities now denied by cir¬ 

Longer Vacations 

The proposal is simply that, instead 
of striving for a shorter work day, we 
stick to the basic eight hour day and 
campaign vigorously for longer an¬ 
nual vacations. Such a change of em¬ 
phasis will benefit both labour and 

1‘agc Five 

As productivity increases the Can¬ 
adian Labour Congress is committed 
to achieving a six-hour day for its 
members. I believe that it would be 
doing them, and Canadians generally, 
infinitely more significant service if it 
were to urge a three-and-a-half month 
vacation with pay for all Canadian 
workers. This e x te n d e d vacation 
would actually cost the employer no 
more than the six hour day since the 
total number of hours worked each 
year would be identical. 

Have you a pencil handy? Estimate 
the expense for yourself. If you work 
a forty hour week, in fifty weeks 
(deducting two for holidays), you now 
log two thousand hours on the job. 
Organized labour's objective is to 
reduce this work load by one quarter, 
or two hours a day—a total of five 
hundred hours a year. Continue the 
eight hour day, add that five hundred 
hours to a two-week vacation, and you 
have fourteen and a half weeks off 
work. You would continue to be paid 
regularly during this period, of course, 
just as you would be if you worked 
a six hour day. It's a matter of con¬ 
solidating your free time so that I call 
this proposal the "Consolidated Free 
Time Plan." 

Industrial Relations Assistant 
with Pacific Press Ltd., pub¬ 
lisher of Vancouver's two daily 
newspapers, Mr. Vaughn Lyon 
is a graduate of the University 
of British Columbia in Arts and 
Science, majoring in Econ¬ 
omics. He undertook a year's 
post-graduate work at the Lon¬ 
don School of Economics on a 
{Mackenzie King Travelling 
•Scholarship, and is interested 
in union activities. 

Mobility Decreasing 

The most significant long-range re¬ 
sult of a consolidation of leisure re¬ 
lates to "social mobility," one of our 
sociologist's pet phrases. Currently, 
the rate of mobility in employment and 

society generally is slowing down as 
the community becomes more settled. 
The "plan" would reverse this trend 
by giving you a flood of opportunities 
to improve your economic and social 
position. You would have three and a 
half months a year to further your pro- 

Page Six 

fessioncd or technical training, to look 
for a new job, to increase earnings by 
additional work, to contest elections, 
to travel, and to do a wide range of 
other things now completely impos¬ 
sible as a result of insufficient continu¬ 
ous leisure. 

At last you could get suitable relief 
from the rising pressures of living—a 
further major benefit of the plan. Now 
you probably jam as many activities 
as will fit into evenings and weekends 
and continually feel tired and har¬ 
assed. An extra free hour or two a day 
would be quickly absorbed into this 
routine. But three and a half months 
of absolutely free time would force a 
complete break—something fresh must 
take the place of your regular work. 

While there is little doubt that most 
of us would prefer our free time in 
one lump sum, you may well ask, 
"How would the plan affect business?" 

Best Workers 

In this age of the psychologist we 
can start by restating one of their fav¬ 
ourite cliches: the happy well-adjust¬ 
ed employee is the best worker. An 
extended vacation will certainly help 
to produce such a person. Let's move 
on from this generalization to study 
some specific advantages to business, 
such as a reduction in the amount of 
"dead" or unproductive working time. 

In a wide range of occupatoins, em¬ 
ployees spend an hour or more of their 
eight hours preparing for and travel¬ 
ling to their work. For example, look at 
the work pattern of men labouring for 
the City on road construction. At 8 
a.m. they leave the depot for their job 
site somewhere in the City. It will take 
them fifteen or twenty minutes to get 

there and another ten or fifteen to un¬ 
load tools and get their equipment 
into use. They go back to the depot for 
lunch, spend a full hour there, and are 

back again ready to quit at a second 
past 5. It is not exaggerating to state 
that up to two hours a day will be 
unproductive. Two hours out of eight— 
how would business view losing the 
same time out of a six hour day? 
Lengthening annual holidays rather 
than cutting current hours of work will 
prevent the proportion of unproductive 
time from rising to the point where it 
could become a serious drain on our 
economic life. 

If I may digress for a moment, let 
me point out that you should also be 
concerned about unproductive time in 
your life. Suppose travelling to and 
from work now takes you an hour and 
a half a day. Shortening your work 
will not reduce this time. However, if 
you continue to work eight hours when 
you could work six, you not only have 
three months longer on vacation but 
also, on each working day of the three 
months you save your travelling time. 
Ninety hours (over two full work¬ 
weeks) now spent in rush-hour traffic 

Page Seven 

could be spent in the peace and quiet 
of your garden! Your transportation 
bill would be reduced significantly too 
—not to mention our traffic problems. 

Avoids Slow - down 

The Consolidated Free Time Plan 
would avoid a slow-down in business, 
which is inevitable with a six-hour 
day. Business activity depends on a 
large number of personal contacts and 
a twenty-five per cent reduction in 
working time will mean considerably 
less commercial activity. 

On the other hand, consolidated 
vacations would stimulate employ¬ 
ment and maintain production. Even 
if there were a 500 hour per year 
reduction in the working time of its 
employees, most factories would con¬ 
tinue to operate, as they do now, two 
thousand and eighty hours. To do this 
extra staff would have to be hired to 
feed the machines, maintain produc¬ 
tion and allow for extended vacations. 
Conversely, with a six hour day, the 
hours a factory worked would prob¬ 
ably be reduced along with those of 
the employee. Production could be 
maintained only by plant expansion or 
additional shifts being worked, both 
of which would be more expensive 
than simply hiring additional em¬ 
ployees to provide for longer vaca¬ 

Firms dependent on recreation and 
travel, travel agencies, transporta¬ 
tion companies, hotels, motels and 
resorts, would be in the position of an 
oil company making a major strike. 
Longer holidays would have to be 
more widely staggered and would 
often occur in the winter and send 

flocks of Canadians South in search 
of the warm sun. There are thousands 
of potential travellers who just cannot 
fit plans which interest them into two 
or three weeks. 

Holiday Spending 

Large numbers of people now par¬ 
ticipate in such sports as golf, tennis 
and skiing, but there are many times 
the present number of enthusiasts who 
could be interested if they had the 
time. Wtih a long period of continuous 
freedom on full pay, they, too, would 
be tramping into the sporting goods' 
stores and coming away heavily 
laden. Employment for thousands of 
additional persons would be created 
in manufacturing sporting parapher¬ 
nalia and in building and maintaining 
facilities for its use. 

The infinite variety of companies 
catering to the ’do-it-yourself" trade 
would also enjoy a tremendous up¬ 
surge of business. Three and a half 
months is to long for even the most 
sedentary to loaf. 

In summary, the Consolidated Free 
Time Plan of longer vacations instead 
of shorter work days would open up 
opportunities for you to improve your 
education, to make more money, to 
pursue your present interests and to 
develop new ones, to travel, to play— 
to enrich all facets of your life. 

By all means applaud the Can¬ 
adian Labour Congress campaign for 
more leisure but at the same time 
let s urge a change of emphasis. A 
shorter work-day leads nowhere in 
particular, while a longer annual 
vacation can lead to more interesting 

Page Eight 

You are cordially invited to attend the 

A llxen.tac'Lajjt 5 9 tf-eitiaal 

to be held in 



March 30 - April 4 April 13-18 

10:00 a.m. - 10:00 p.m. 10:00 a.m. - 10:00 p.m. 

EXHIBITS by Alberta and guest artists 
















Wednesday, April 1st Tuesday, April 14 

9:00 a.m. - 10:30 p.m. 9:00 a.m. - 10:30 p.m. 

* Morning: registration and view craft exhibits and demonstrations 

* Afternon: lectures, craft films, tea 

* Evening: discussion group, coffee 

sponsored by: 


Department of Economic Affairs 

Page Nine 

Edmonton Symphony 

Opportunity for 
Enjoyment of Fine 
Music Being Made 
Available to Albertans 
in Rural Points 

The Edmonton Symphony Orchestra 
will be expanding its activities this 
season and undertaking a plan which 
will enrich the musical life of various 
communities in Alberta. This plan 
came to light recently when the Board 
of the Edmonton Symphony Society 
announced that the Edmonton Sym¬ 
phony Orchestra was to be heard in 
Camrose March 9 and in Lloydminster 
March 30. 

The Board has also announced 
definite plans to take the orchestra to 
the far north following the conclusion 
of the regular symphony season. The 
performance which will be given, 
marks the first time any symphony 

4 - 

Page Ten 


H Takes to the Road 

communities within a distance that 
will not require more than a day's 
travel for members of the orchestra. 
The full orchestra will travel to both 
engagements and will present a pro¬ 
gram of the same standard as those 
heard in Edmonton. 

The Camrose Home and School As¬ 
sociation will sponsor the concert in 
Camrose. The concert will be held in 
the Agricultural Hall on the stage 
used by the orchestra when it per¬ 
formed in the Capitol Theatre, Edmon¬ 
ton. The Hall seats approximately 
1800 people. 

Camrose residents are enthusiastic 
over the concert and particularly 

Page Eleven 

orchestra will have appeared in the 
North West Territories. 

In its present plan for this season, 
the Symphony Board is initiating a 
program which will not only encour¬ 
age support of the Symphony but will 
have a lasting effect on various com¬ 
munities. Through co-operation of 
groups in individual centres, Board 
directors hope to provide a continuing 
channel of good musical fare in the 
future. If possible, programs from 
sources other than the Edmonton Sym¬ 
phony Orchestra may be offered in a 
greatly expanded area. 

This season the Symphony Society is 
following its plan to serve Alberta 

pleased that Sir Ernest MacMillen will 
conduct the orchestra. Conductor of 
the Toronto Symphony Orchestra from 
1931 to 1956 and Principal of the To¬ 
ronto Conservatory of Music for six¬ 
teen years until 1942, Sir Ernest is 
one of Canada's outstanding musi¬ 
cians. Noted for his work on French 
Canadian and Indian folk songs, Sir 
Ernest has been guest conductor of 
many top-ranking American orches¬ 
tras. He has done a considerable 
amount of conducting for radio and is 
well known for his work as an adjudi¬ 
cator in both Canada and Wales. In 
1935 Sir Ernest was knighted by King 
George V for his services to musical 
life in Canada. Sir Ernest is a member 
of the Canada Council. 

In indicating his willingness to con¬ 
duct the Camrose concert. Sir Ernest 
showed his pleasure at being able to 
take part in the new venture of the 
Edmonton Symphony Society. 

The Lions Club of Lloydminster has 
accepted the joint sponsorship of the 
concert there. 

Both the Alberta concerts are being 
made posisble through the support of 
the Canada Council and are being 
sponsored jointly by the Edmonton 
Symphony Society and the local or¬ 
ganization concerned. 

The out-of-town concert committee 
is headed by Duncan D. Campbell, 
Department of Extension, University 
of Alberta. Committee members are: 
E. M. Blanchard, Mrs. W. J. Downs, 
Mrs. J. L. Sparling, Mrs. R. B. Clifton, 
W. L. Brintnel, Prof. R. S. Eaton, G. K. 
Greene, Walter Kaasa and Frank 

Page Twelve 

The Blessed Word, "Classical" 

Among the many misapplied words 
in our Canadian speech perhaps none 
has been used more loosely among the 
arts, particularly in the field of music, 
than "classical." 

One authority, applying the test of 
time, defines a classic as a work which 
has survived that ordeal as distin¬ 
guished from the "modern" antithesis. 
According to this definition there can 
be no such things as a "modern 

In its original sense "classical" was 
the term used as the antithesis of 
"romantic," the classicists insisting on 
adherence to the formal patterns of the 
16th to 18 th centuries, and the 
romanticists demanding freedom, even 
limited freedom at first, for the release 
of their emotions. 

Some musicologists have coined the 
term "serious" to distinguish "good" 
music from "popular." But this is not 
satisfactory either; for there is no 
reason why serious music should not 
also be popular or popular music have 
the virtue of goodness. 

Radio announcers led a movement 
for subdividing serious music, whether 
classical or only so-called, into cate¬ 
gories labelled light classics, semi¬ 
classics, and other kinds of classic. 
What the distinction is between a 
"light" and a "semi" they have not 
told us. 

Yet no doubt the popular sense will 
prevail; that is, what you or I under¬ 
stand will be "popular" to you and 
me; what we don't will be classical. 


A vacancy exists for a music teacher to 
settle in this city. A class of piano and voice 
pupils can be assured. In addition, St. Mag- 
loire's Anglican Church requires an organist 
and choir-master to take over senior and jun¬ 
ior choirs. A new Baldwin organ will be avail¬ 
able soon. Aplicants should be eager to take 
beginners. Apply to Mr. T. Campbell, P.O. 
Draw "H", Drumheller, Alberta. 

Leisure's Editor 

A. C. Ballantine 

Commencing with this issue, Leisure 
will be edited by H. E. Martin, 
Director of Publications. He succeeds 
Andrew C. Ballantine, who has re¬ 
tired from the public service. 

The retired editor was in "the writ¬ 
ing game" practically all his life, com¬ 
mencing with free-lance features for 
London newspapers written from the 
scene of operations during War I. 

After that war he came a cub re¬ 
porter on The Moose law Times in 
1919, moving from there to The Regina 
Leader (now Leader-Post) the follow¬ 
ing year, to serve first as telegraph 
editor and later on the Saskatchewan 

Press Gallery staff. From 1925 until 
1927 he was on the Winnipeg Tribune, 
first as night editor and later in the 
Winnipeg Law Courts and the Mani¬ 
toba Press Gallery. In the same 
year he went to The Winnipeg Free 
Press as chief reporter (night) which 
included the provincial Press Gallery. 

But in the summer of 1928 he was 
invited to join The Calgary Albertan, 
then in process of reorganization, as 
editorial writer, a post he held until 
called up from the Reserve of Officers 
in May 1940. During the five years 
following he served—mostly in Intern¬ 
ment Operations—from Uclulet on the 
Pacific to Goose Bay in Labrador, but 
did not proceed overseas a second 
time. The war ended, he was invited 
to The Edmonton Bulletin as associate 
editor and came to the Publicity 
branch of the Department of Economic 
Affairs in 1947. 

Later he was transferred, as as¬ 
sistant co-ordinator, to the Cultural 
Activities branch where he revived 
Leisure, then a four page pamphlet 
after it had been out of circulation 
for a few years. 

Editor's Note: It is hoped Mr. Bal¬ 
lantine will keep in touch with his 
many friends on Leisure's mailing list 
as a frequent future contributor to its 

Page Thirteen 

New Faces. Splendid 
Portrayals Are 
Found in Five Plays 
Shown in Edmonton 


Irene Pouilan as Joan of Arc 
and Gary Mitchell as La 
Hire in the Alumni Player’s 
presentation of Anouilh’s 
“The Lark", 

HP HE 23rd Annual Regional Drama 
Festival of the Alberta Drama 
League, was held in Edmonton last 
month. Five plays were presented to 
large and enthusiastic audiences and 

Page Fourteen 

an adjudicator who found something 
of merit in each production. 

The first and most cheering feature 
of this year's drama festival, I think, 
was the quality of the plays. Five fine 
plays had been chosen and there was 
not really a bad production in the lot. 
In each case one felt there was a com¬ 
petent man at the helm, the director, 
and if one didn't always agree with 
his casting, or certain matters of the 
performance, at least one felt that here 
were capable people, handling a job 
they knew something about. 

And to top it off there was the mat¬ 
ter of the adjudicator—to my mind one 
of the best adjudicators we have had. 
Mr. Ainley was a man of stature. He 
spoke honestly, constructively and yet 
almost always kindly. He brought a 
fresh point of view to his adjudica¬ 
tions. While it would be too much to 
expect that we should all agree with 
his final selections, at least everyone 
agreed that he was a man who cared 
and felt deeply about theatre and 
who, although no longer able to prac¬ 
tice it professionally was at every 
moment prepared and willing to give 
all his energies and his resources to 
good theatre wherever it might be. It 
was my opinion that Mr. Ainley was 
most keenly concerned with communi¬ 
cation on the stage and for want of a 
better word, "heart". He wanted 
warmth and where he found it he was 
unstinting in his praise. 

New Actors 

There are other cheering things to 
say about this year's festival. For one 
thing the size and enthusiasm of the 
houses, even for the Wednesday ma¬ 
tinee, and for the two Edmonton pro¬ 
ductions which had already played to 
what one would have thought was 
their Edmonton potential. There was 
the matter, also, of promising new 
actors making their debuts on the pro¬ 
vincial scene. It was too bad however 
that for the first time in a number of 
years no smaller communities were 

Henry Allergoth, named best 
director for his direction of 
“Diary of Anne Frank,” re¬ 
ceives the Elizabeth Sterling 
Haynes trophy from Esther 
Nelson, an Alberta Governor 
of the Dominion Drama 

Page Fifteen 

The University of Alberta Alumni 
Players presented Lillian Heilmans 
adaptation of Jean Anouilh's "The 
Lark". I had seen this production when 
it had its Edmonton run in December. 
And while I admired a great deal 
about it in the Festival, I did feel 
that we were not seeing quite as good 
a show as it had been our privilege 
to witness in December. 

Excellent Set 

The adjudicator seemed to feel there 
was not enough ensemble playing in 
this first night's play and was also 
unhappy, to no purpose, I felt, over the 
fact that the Alumni players had not 
chosen to do Anouilh in the original 

I very much liked Norman Yates' set 
for this play. It had been neatly de¬ 
signed and worked beautifully for the 

To sum up, I felt that the first night 
play got the festival off on a very high 
level indeed. Mr. Peacock had as¬ 
sembled a fine company of players, 
and they gave a polished and fre¬ 
quently moving performance. 

Much Emotion 

The next night the Medicine Hat 
Civic Theatre brought "The Diary of 
Anne Frank". Here is one of the great 
plays of our time. Indeed, perhaps no 
play since the war has had the popu¬ 
larity and emotional impact of "The 
Diary". It is so well known and the 
feelings about it, after all this time, 
are still so powerful that an audience 
in some respects comes to this play in 
a rather unique frame of mind. Before 
the curtain even rises, they have iden¬ 
tified themselves and committed them¬ 

selves to Anne's tragic story. What 
perhaps they are not prepared for is 
the joy, the humor, the great humanity 
and warmth of this fine play. The 
laughter, at times just seems to stop 
this side of tears. In other words here 
is a unique experience of an audience 
coming and perhaps unconsciously 
saying, "we like this play, we care 
about this play, we are for this play," 
even before the curtain ascends. 

Certainly in view of the adjudica¬ 
tor's comments at the end of the per¬ 
formance, he was very much com¬ 
mitted and deeply absorbed, almost 
emotional, about this production. 
Henry Allergoth's Medicine Hat peo¬ 
ple brought deep conviction, sincerity 
and considerable talent to the play. 
It had many moving, tender, exquisite 

A Delicious Play 

Wednesday afternoon a new group, 
largely English, from Calgary — The 
Calgary Players' Society, presented 
Jean Anouilh's very difficult little com¬ 
edy "Ring Around The Moon", as 
adapted by Christopher Fry. 

This play is delicious. It's as effer¬ 
vescent and as sparkling as cham¬ 
pagne but it demands pace, dryness, 
style and infinite wit to be successful. 
The Calgary group made a very 
respectable appearance and gave us 
some delightful moments. The play 
had pace in the first act, but when 
we get to the third, where it was so 
desperately needed, it was sadly 
lacking. And Anouilh's parties are no 
place to be hearing the tiredest of 
Straus, and certainly never "After the 

Mr. J. T. McCreath is Director of Drama for the 
Cultural Activities Branch of the Department of 
Economic Affairs, and an actor and producer in his 
own right. 

Page Sixteen 

The Buskin's of Calgary brought an 
excellent performance of "The Cain 
Mutiny Court-Martial" directed by Joe 
Cormack. Not every role was well cast, 
but a remarkable number of good 
actors appeared to advantage. Allen 
Kerr as the lawyer Greenwald was 
outstanding. Certainly he is the most 
interesting actor I have yet seen out 
of Calgary. 

The surprise of the evening was 
David Cormack's neatly controlled 
very moving appearance in the ter¬ 
ribly difficult role of the psychotic 
Queeg. Mr. Cormack was cast utterly 
against type and yet he brought it 
off. There is not time to mention the 
other good performances that we 
watched in this cleverly sustained 
two-act drama, but it was almost in 
its entirety a fine night of theatre and 
certainly I congratulate Mrs. Cormack 
as director. 

Final Presentation 

Finally, to Edmonton's Court Play¬ 
ers and their presentation of Ibsen's 
"Ghosts" directed by the new Can¬ 
adian Michael Porcza. I do feel that 
the only possible excuse in the mid¬ 
twentieth century for reviving Ibsen 
and particularly "Ghosts" is that you 
have at least two brilliant performers 
and not less than a brilliant director. 
Like all pioneers, Ibsen has dated 
badly. Once strong lines here become 
cliches and the problems of these 
people in Provincial Norway in 1880 
seem today a little distant. Nor, as the 
adjudicator pointed out in his most 
incisive comments of the week, did the 
set work for the performers. It was 
stylized and the play demanded utter 

Page Seventeen 

All the players gave sincere, deeply 
thought-out performances and I feel 
every player had a moment or two, but 
only Anne and Gurd Weih made use 
of their bodies in creating their roles. 

Alberta's Regional Drama Festival, 
1959, was a festival that promises well 
for theatre in Alberta. In all modesty, 
I think we can honestly feel that the 
adjudicator will be a lucky man in¬ 
deed if he finds anywhere in Canada 
a festival that offers as high and con¬ 
sistent a standard of theatre. 

Jennifer Kerr, 16, of Medicine 
Hat’s “Diary of Anne Frank”, 
won the CHCT-TV trophy for 
best female performance. She 
also holds 14 year old Rus¬ 
sell Stone’s trophy for his 
performance in the same 

"Alcohol and the Teenager", "Prob¬ 
lems of Teen Dances", and "What is 
needed to make Edmonton a Better 
City for Young People?" were dis¬ 
cussed by 117 Edmonton teenagers at 
the recent Edmonton Youth Confer¬ 
ence. The delegates represented over 
fifty youth clubs and organizations. 

The Conference was far more than 
merely the first such Edmonton Youth 
Conference that has been held, sig¬ 
nificant as that fact may be. As an 
adult intimately connected with the 
Conference, I could not help but think 
of the little opportunity and challenge 
given to young people to involve them¬ 
selves responsibly in community life. 
As a matter of fact, there is consider¬ 
able evidence to suggest that the 
youth of a community are increasingly 
becoming a race apart. 

Some readers might ask: what about 
the thousands of dollars that Can¬ 
adian children raised for the United 
Nations International Children's Emer¬ 
gency Fund through the "Shell Out for 

Page Eighteen 

UNICEF" project undertaken last Hal¬ 
lowe'en? What about the youth group 
that raised funds to purchased a 
wheelchair for a crippled child? What 
about the teen club that washed cars 
to send two of its members to a recre¬ 
ation leadership training school? 

Are Special Events 

Such projects are indeed worthy of 
praise, but they also serve to illustrate 
the point. They are special events 
occurring infrequently. They are not 
normal everyday activities. They are 
also frequently imposed and stimu¬ 
lated by adults and are not a natural 
result of youth being involved in and 
responding to the world of their par¬ 
ents and its challenges. 

It might be suggested that young 
people aren't ready. But we know this 
is not a legitimate argument. In many 

by David Critchley 

parts of the world, children undertake 
major responsibilities at the age of 
seven and eight. Even in Canada, 
many children are forced to assume 
adult-sized responsibilities because of 
the effect of social and economic prob¬ 
lems on their homes. This, of course, is 
not cited as a justification for such 
conditions or such responsibilities. It 
merely illustrates that the capability 
is there. 

Untapped Potential 

Many other examples could be 
given. In times of crisis and emer¬ 
gency, children of thirteen and four¬ 
teen have emerged as heroes. Children 
have sparked efforts to beautify cities, 
and have exposed social problems. In 
a recent article on China, a picture 
appears of a 17-year-old girl who is 
in charge of thousands of adults. But 
such illustrations merely support what 
is surely an obvious fact: our children 
have tremendous untapped potential. 

This has very serious implications. 
Let us first look at it from the point of 
view of young people. Consider the 
adolescent. This is a time of relatively 
fast physical development, a time 
when pimples appear, when adults 
are beginning to ask you what you're 
going to do for a living, when an in¬ 
creasing awareness of the opposite 
sex is challenging you with the ques¬ 
tion: "How do you rate?" In short, it 
is a time of insecurity, made even more 
insecure by the millions of dollars 
spent on advertising that draws atten¬ 
tion to your pimples and exhorts you 
to leave the ranks of the 97 lb. weak¬ 

Need a Challenge 

Is it small wonder that in a survey 
of college students, one-third said they 

would rather commit suicide than 
repeat their childhood. Even allowing 
for exaggeration, this cannot be dis¬ 
missed lightly. Childhood and adole¬ 
scence need not be and should not be 
such a crisis in the lives of young peo¬ 
ple. It must be granted that it is not 
an easy period, but I believe it is made 
unnecessarily difficult. Would adole¬ 
scence not be more productive and less 
of a crisis if the adolescent were really 
involved in and challenged by his 
community? If nothing else, it would 
be a partial antidote and alternative 
to the introversion of the teens and its 
problems of physical, social, and emo 
tional development. 

This is not an academic question. 
No longer are we living in a one-horse 
world. Our daily lives are filled with 
life and death issues that will require 
the utmost in responsibility if personal 
and universal survival are to be 
assured. We know that responsibility 
is not a characteristic with which we 
are born. It is developed and deter 
mined by life and its experiences. 
Responsibility does not suddenly ma¬ 
terialize with the coming of voting 
age. Unless it has been developed long 
before this time, there is a very real 
danger it will lie forever dormant. 

I began with a reference to the Ed¬ 
monton Youth Conference and I would 
like to close on the same note. The 
Youth Conference was but another 
illustration that young people, if given 
encouragement and opportunity, can 
make a significant contribution to 
themselves and to the total commu¬ 
nity. Indeed, I do not think it extreme 
to suggest that much of the seeming 
irresponsibility of some teenagers is 
caused by the failure of the adult 
world to provide them with a stimu- 

Page Nineteen 

lating challenge and alternative form 
of behavior. 

Up to the Adults 

Fundamentally, of course, this is a 
major challenge to us as adults. Not 
only must we seek out and develop 
continuing ways of youth involvement 
in the every day life of our commu¬ 
nities, we must also be willing to run 
the risk that their ideas will not agree 
with ours. This means that we have 
to be mature and responsible enough 
to accept the fact that young people 
are not and should not be carbon 
copies of adults. The fact of this dif¬ 
ference is daily illustrated (and for 
some painfully so) by differences in 
dress and grooming. Perhaps this is a 
reflection and confirmation of the 
problem. Lacking a place in the world 
of their elders, young people have 
created a world of their own. 

The days of our youth should be the 
occasion to dream impossible dreams 
and disagree with and rebel against 
the status quo. There is alarming evi¬ 
dence to suggest that the seeming re¬ 
volt of so many young people of today 
is merely surface. In the realm of 
ideas and aspirations they are too 
often pale reflections of their elders. 
Few of us can be so self-satisfied that 
this does not give us cause for con¬ 
cern. Little support can be found for 
the waste of natural resources: there 
is no excuse for the waste of human 

N.B. The author is presently collecting ma¬ 
terial lor a book partially devoted to this topic 
and would appreciate receiving information 
concerning projects undertaken by young 
people and ways in which they have been in¬ 
volved or have involved themselves in com¬ 
munity life. Such ilustrations or information 
as to where it can be obtained should be sent 
to Mr. David Critchley, Box 162, Sherwood 
Park, Alberta. The author is interested in re¬ 
ceiving material relating to other parts of 
the world as well as Canada. 

Page Twenty 

C.A.H.P.E.R. Convention 
Convenes in June 

The Northern Alberta Jubilee Audi¬ 
torium in Edmonton will be the site 
of the 1959 National Biennial Conven¬ 
tion of the Canadian Association 
for Health, Physical Education and 
Recreation from June 22nd to 26th. 

The CAHPER organization is a lay 
and professional, non-political, non¬ 
profit association dedicated to raise 
standards in Canada. The member¬ 
ship is composed primarily of health 
and physical educators and profes¬ 
sionally-trained recreational person¬ 

Educators in the three kindred fields 
of health, physical education and 
recreation are invited to attend and 
participate in the convention sessions. 
These sessions give concerned leaders 
the following opportunities: 

... to hear addresses and discuss 
problems related to Canada's current 
standards of fitness and cultural de¬ 

. to exchange ideas and views 
with delegates from across Canada 
currently involved in all levels of 

... to participate in good western 
hospitality in programs of fun and 

For information concerning pro¬ 
gram, registration and accommoda¬ 
tion, write Miss Pat Austin, Secretary, 
Convention Committee, School of 
Physical Education, University of Al¬ 
berta, Edmonton, Alberta.