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The Master Enabler 

In Orbit Servicing 


Presented to AIAA Space 2015 
September 1, 2015 


Presented by: 

Benjamin B. Reed 
Deputy Project Manager 
Satellite Servicing Capabilities Office 
http://ssco.gsfc.nasa.gov 



NASA 

' J' 






Are we alone? 



2 




Are we alone? 



3 



NASA’s Ambitious Objectives 




Resilient Fleets 


Asteroid 

Redirection 



Human 

Exploration 



Very Large 
Observatories 



/ 


Infrastructure Upkeep 



Observatory 

Servicing 



Propellant 

Depot 


Planetary 

Defense 



Servicing Supports Multiple Objectives 


Asteroid 

Redirection 


¥ 

Resilient Fleets 


Servicing 

Capabilities 


jJ 






Human 

Exploration 


Observatory 

Servicing 


Very Large 
Observatories 


Infrastructure 

Upkeep 


Planetary 

Defense 


Propellant 


Satellite Servicing Capabilities 


N'&SA 


Servicing provides capabilities for 


flexible, resilient architectures. 


• Anomaly Recovery 



• Life Extension 

• Component Upgrade 

• In-Orbit Assembly 

• Consumable Restoration 

- Propellant Refueling 

- Cryogen Replenishment 

- Xenon Recharging 





Servicing Capabilities 
Help Visions Become Reality 


Human 

Exploration 



Autonomous 
rendezvous and 
docking 

l 

Enables modular 
architectures and 
lower-cost launch 
vehicles 



Construction and 
self-maintenance 
of exploration 
spacecraft 

I 

Supports long- 
duration stays 
in orbit 


r 

* 1 * 



In-situ 

resource utilization 
machinery 

l 

Helps crew 
produce resources 
to facilitate the 
return voyage 


Servicing capabilities facilitate robust, resilient, on-orbit human architectures. 


7 





Servicing Capabilities 



NASA 

Help Visions Become Realit 

y ** 



Very Large 
Observatories 



Modular, 

upgradable 

spacecraft 

I 

Flexibility to react 
to new discoveries 
and changes in 
new satellite 
technologies 


r 



Construction of 

large-aperture 

observatories 

I 

Discovery and 
characterization of 
exo-Earths 



7 ** 

Construction of 
commercial space- 
based solar power 
satellites 


Transmit vast 
quantities of 
solar energy 
to ground 



Servicing capabilities facilitate more complex and capable structures to unlock 
the secrets of the universe. 

8 





Servicing Facilitates Exploration 


fX 

NASA 


J. 


HUBBLE 



CARGO AND CREW 


INTERNATIONAL 
SPACE STATION 


SPACE LAUNCH 
SYSTEM (SLS) 


ORBITERS 


LANDERS 


PHOBOS ^ 
DEIMOS 




MARS 

-SPACE TRANSFER 
ABITAT SPACECRAFT 


MISSIONS: 6-12 MONTHS MISSIONS: 1 TO 12 MONTHS MISSIONS: 2 TO 3 YEARS 

RETURN: HOURS I I RETURN: DAYS I I RETURN: MONTHS 

EARTH RELIANT I ^—PROVING GROUND I I EARTH INDEPENDENT 





Asteroid Redirect Mission 


NASA 












Asteroid Redirect Mission 


(X 

NASA 









Core Technologies Required for Servicing Capabilities 


Advanced Technologies 

> 

Robust Capabilities 

Rendezvous and Proximity 
Operations 


Anomaly Recovery 



Instrument Upgrade 

Dexterous Robotics 


Life Extension 

High-Speed, Fault-Tolerant 
Computing 


In-Orbit Assembly 

Advanced Tools 


Consumable Restoration 

Fluid Transfer 




NASA 

v 1 ' 


Technology readiness of core technologies is an important first step on path 
to capability realization. 


14 





Servicing Technologies Under Development 


X 

NASA 

' J. 


Rendezvous and 

Proximity 

Operations 



Raven 

demonstration 
launches to ISS 
in 2016 


Dexterous 

Robotics 



Engineering Design 
Unit of NASA 
Servicing Arm 
undergoing testing 
and evaluation 


High-Speed, 

Fault-Tolerant 

Computing 



Next 

generation of 

SpaceCube 

underway 


Advanced 

Tools 



Third generation 
of advanced 
robotic tools in 
manufacturing 


Propellant Transfer 



Propellant 
Transfer System 
developed & 
undergoing testing 


15 




r 

NASA 

' y: 


Path Forward 


Advanced Technologies 


Rendezvous and 
Proximity Operations 

Dexterous Robotics 

High-Speed, Fault- 
Tolerant Computing 

Advanced Tools 

Fluid Transfer 


Robust Capabilities 

Anomaly Recovery 
Instrument Upgrade 
Life Extension 
In-Orbit Assembly 
Consumable Restoration 


Enabled Missions 

Very Large 
Observatories 

Asteroid Redirection 

ISS Maintenance 

Human Exploration 

Planetary Defense 

Propellant Depot 


Significant technology advancement has resulted in servicing capabilities 
becoming verified. This solid foundation is enabling mission planners to 
design rich future architectures. 

16 






• Benjamin Reed, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center 

• Michael Kienlen, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center 

• Bo Naasz, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center 

• Brian Roberts, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center 

• Keith DeWeese, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center 


17