Houghton Mifflin Company
For all the children
To whom we entrust the future
It was almost December, and Jonas was beginning to be
frightened. No. Wrong word, Jonas thought. Frightened meant
that deep, sickening feeling of something terrible about to
happen. Frightened was the way he had felt a year ago when an
unidentified aircraft had overflown the community twice. He
had seen it both times. Squinting toward the sky, he had seen
the sleek jet, almost a blur at its high speed, go past, and a
second later heard the blast of sound that followed. Then one
more time, a moment later, from the opposite direction, the
At first, he had been only fascinated. He had never seen
aircraft so close, for it was against the rules for Pilots to fly
over the community. Occasionally, when supplies were de-
livered by cargo planes to the landing field across the river, the
children rode their bicycles to the riverbank and watched,
intrigued, the unloading and then the takeoff directed to the
west, always away from the community.
But the aircraft a year ago had been different. It was not a
squat, fat-bellied cargo plane but a needle-nosed single-pilot
jet. Jonas, looking around anxiously, had seen others — adults
as well as children — stop what they were doing and wait,
confused, for an explanation of the frightening event.
Then all of the citizens had been ordered to go into the
nearest building and stay there, immediately, the rasping
voice through the speakers had said, leave your bicy-
cles WHERE THEY ARE.
Instantly, obediently, Jonas had dropped his bike on its
side on the path behind his family’s dwelling. He had run
indoors and stayed there, alone. His parents were both at
work, and his little sister, Lily, was at the Childcare Center
where she spent her after-school hours.
Looking through the front window, he had seen no
people: none of the busy afternoon crew of Street Cleaners,
Landscape Workers, and Food Delivery people who usually
populated the community at that time of day. He saw only
the abandoned bikes here and there on their sides; an
upturned wheel on one was still revolving slowly.
He had been frightened then. The sense of his own
community silent, waiting, had made his stomach churn. He
But it had been nothing. Within minutes the speakers had
crackled again, and the voice, reassuring now and less
urgent, had explained that a Pilot-in-Training had misread
his navigational instructions and made a wrong turn. Des-
perately the Pilot had been trying to make his way back
before his error was noticed.
NEEDLESS TO SAY, HE WILL BE RELEASED, the Voice
had said, followed by silence. There was an ironic tone to
that final message, as if the Speaker found it amusing; and
Jonas had smiled a little, though he knew what a grim
statement it had been. For a contributing citizen to be re-
leased from the community was a final decision, a terrible
punishment, an overwhelming statement of failure.
Even the children were scolded if they used the term
lightly at play, jeering at a teammate who missed a catch or
stumbled in a race. Jonas had done it once, had shouted at
his best friend, “That’s it, Asher! You’re released!” when
Asher’s clumsy error had lost a match for his team. He had
been taken aside for a brief and serious talk by the coach,
had hung his head with guilt and embarrassment, and
apologized to Asher after the game.
Now, thinking about the feeling of fear as he pedaled
home along the river path, he remembered that moment of
palpable, stomach-sinking terror when the aircraft had
streaked above. It was not what he was feeling now with
December approaching. He searched for the right word to
describe his own feeling.
Jonas was careful about language. Not like his friend,
Asher, who talked too fast and mixed things up, scrambling
words and phrases until they were barely recognizable and
often very funny.
Jonas grinned, remembering the morning that Asher had
dashed into the classroom, late as usual, arriving
breathlessly in the middle of the chanting of the morning
anthem. When the class took their seats at the conclusion of
the patriotic hymn, Asher remained standing to make his
public apology as was required.
“I apologize for inconveniencing my learning commu-
nity.” Asher ran through the standard apology phrase rap-
idly, still catching his breath. The Instructor and class
waited patiently for his explanation. The students had all
been grinning, because they had listened to Asher’s expla-
nations so many times before.
“I left home at the correct time but when I was riding
along near the hatchery, the crew was separating some
salmon. 1 guess I just got distraught, watching them.
“I apologize to my classmates,” Asher concluded. He
smoothed his rumpled tunic and sat down.
“We accept your apology, Asher.” The class recited the
standard response in unison. Many of the students were
biting their lips to keep from laughing.
“I accept your apology, Asher,” the Instructor said. He
was smiling. “And I thank you, because once again you
have provided an opportunity for a lesson in language.
‘Distraught’ is too strong an adjective to describe salmon-
viewing.” He turned and wrote “distraught” on the in-
structional board. Beside it he wrote “distracted.”
Jonas, nearing his home now, smiled at the recollection.
Thinking, still, as he wheeled his bike into its narrow port
beside the door, he realized that frightened was the wrong
word to describe his feelings, now that December was al-
most here. It was too strong an adjective.
He had waited a long time for this special December.
Now that it was almost upon him, he wasn’t frightened, but
he was . . . eager, he decided. He was eager for it to come.
And he was excited, certainly. All of the Elevens were
excited about the event that would be coming so soon.
But there was a little shudder of nervousness when he
thought about it, about what might happen.
Apprehensive, Jonas decided. That’s what I am.
“Who wants to be the first tonight, for feelings?” Jonas’s
father asked, at the conclusion of their evening meal.
It was one of the rituals, the evening telling of feelings.
Sometimes Jonas and his sister, Lily, argued over turns,
over who would get to go first. Their parents, of course,
were part of the ritual; they, too, told their feelings each
evening. But like all parents — all adults — they didn’t
fight and wheedle for their turn.
Nor did Jonas, tonight. His feelings were too compli-
cated this evening. He wanted to share them, but he wasn’t
eager to begin the process of sifting through his own
complicated emotions, even with the help that he knew his
parents could give.
“You go, Lily,” he said, seeing his sister, who was much
younger — only a Seven — wiggling with impatience in
“I felt very angry this afternoon,” Lily announced. “My
Childcare group was at the play area, and we had a visiting
group of Sevens, and they didn’t obey the rules at all. One
of them — a male; I don’t know his name — kept going
right to the front of the line for the slide, even though the
rest of us were all waiting. I felt so angry at him. I made my
hand into a fist, like this.” She held up a clenched fist and
the rest of the family smiled at her small defiant gesture.
“Why do you think the visitors didn’t obey the rules?”
Lily considered, and shook her head. “I don’t know.
They acted like . . . like ...”
“Animals?” Jonas suggested. He laughed.
“That’s right,” Lily said, laughing too. “Like animals.”
Neither child knew what the word meant, exactly, but it
was often used to describe someone uneducated or clumsy,
someone who didn’t fit in.
“Where were the visitors from?” Father asked.
Lily frowned, trying to remember. “Our leader told us,
when he made the welcome speech, but I can’t remember.
I guess I wasn’t paying attention. It was from another
community. They had to leave very early, and they had
their midday meal on the bus.”
Mother nodded. “Do you think it’s possible that their
rules may be different? And so they simply didn’t know
what your play area rules were?”
Lily shrugged, and nodded. “I suppose.”
“You’ve visited other communities, haven’t you?” Jonas
asked. “My group has, often.”
Lily nodded again. “When we were Sixes, we went and
shared a whole school day with a group of Sixes in their
“How did you feel when you were there?”
Lily frowned. “I felt strange. Because their methods
were different. They were learning usages that my group
hadn’t learned yet, so we felt stupid.”
Father was listening with interest. “I’m thinking, Lily,”
he said, “about the boy who didn’t obey the rules today.
Do you think it’s possible that he felt strange and stupid,
being in a new place with rules that he didn’t know
Lily pondered that. “Yes,” she said, finally.
“I feel a little sorry for him,” Jonas said, “even though I
don’t even know him. I feel sorry for anyone who is in a
place where he feels strange and stupid.”
“How do you feel now, Lily?” Father asked. “Still
“I guess not,” Lily decided. “I guess I feel a little sorry
for him. And sorry I made a fist.” She grinned.
Jonas smiled back at his sister. Lily’s feelings were
always straightforward, fairly simple, usually easy to re-
solve. He guessed that his own had been, too, when he was
He listened politely, though not very attentively, while
his father took his turn, describing a feeling of worry that
he’d had that day at work: a concern about one of the
newchildren who wasn’t doing well. Jonas’s father’s title
was Nurturer. He and the other Nurturers were responsible
for all the physical and emotional needs of every new-child
during its earliest life. It was a very important job, Jonas
knew, but it wasn’t one that interested him much.
“What gender is it?” Lily asked.
“Male,” Father said. “He’s a sweet little male with a
lovely disposition. But he isn’t growing as fast as he
should, and he doesn’t sleep soundly. We have him in the
extra care section for supplementary nurturing, but the
committee’s beginning to talk about releasing him.”
“Oh, no, ” Mother murmured sympathetically. “I know
how sad that must make you feel.”
Jonas and Lily both nodded sympathetically as well.
Release of newchildren was always sad, because they
hadn’t had a chance to enjoy life within the community yet.
And they hadn’t done anything wrong.
There were only two occasions of release which were not
punishment. Release of the elderly, which was a time of
celebration for a life well and fully lived; and release of a
newchild, which always brought a sense of what-could-we-
have-done. This was especially troubling for the Nurturers,
like Father, who felt they had failed somehow. But it
happened very rarely.
“Well,” Father said, “I’m going to keep trying. I may
ask the committee for permission to bring him here at night,
if you don’t mind. You know what the night-crew Nurturers
are like. 1 think this little guy needs something extra.”
“Of course,” Mother said, and Jonas and Lily nodded.
They had heard Father complain about the night crew be-
fore. It was a lesser job, night-crew nurturing, assigned to
those who lacked the interest or skills or insight for the
more vital jobs of the daytime hours. Most of the people on
the night crew had not even been given spouses because
they lacked, somehow, the essential capacity to connect to
others, which was required for the creation of a family unit.
“Maybe we could even keep him,” Lily suggested
sweetly, trying to look innocent. The look was fake, Jonas
knew; they all knew.
“Lily,” Mother reminded her, smiling, “you know the
Two children — one male, one female — to each family
unit. It was written very clearly in the rules.
Lily giggled. “Well,” she said, “I thought maybe just this
Next, Mother, who held a prominent position at the De-
partment of Justice, talked about her feelings. Today a re-
peat offender had been brought before her, someone who
had broken the rules before. Someone who she hoped had
been adequately and fairly punished, and who had been
restored to his place: to his job, his home, his family unit.
To see him brought before her a second time caused her
overwhelming feelings of frustration and anger. And even
guilt, that she hadn’t made a difference in his life.
“I feel frightened, too, for him,” she confessed. “You
know that there’s no third chance. The rules say that if
there’s a third transgression, he simply has to be released.”
Jonas shivered. He knew it happened. There was even a boy
in his group of Elevens whose father had been released years
before. No one ever mentioned it; the disgrace was
unspeakable. It was hard to imagine.
Lily stood up and went to her mother. She stroked her
From his place at the table, Father reached over and took
her hand. Jonas reached for the other.
One by one, they comforted her. Soon she smiled,
thanked them, and murmured that she felt soothed.
The ritual continued. “Jonas?” Father asked. “You’re
Jonas sighed. This evening he almost would have pre-
ferred to keep his feelings hidden. But it was, of course,
against the rules.
“I’m feeling apprehensive,” he confessed, glad that the
appropriate descriptive word had finally come to him.
“Why is that, son?” His father looked concerned.
“I know there’s really nothing to worry about,” Jonas
explained, “and that every adult has been through it. I know
you have, Father, and you too, Mother. But it’s the
Ceremony that I’m apprehensive about. It’s almost De-
Lily looked up, her eyes wide. “The Ceremony of
Twelve,” she whispered in an awed voice. Even the small-
est children — Lily’s age and younger — knew that it lay
in the future for each of them.
“I’m glad you told us of your feelings,” Father said.
“Lily,” Mother said, beckoning to the little girl, “Go on
now and get into your nightclothes. Father and I are going
to stay here and talk to Jonas for a while.”
Lily sighed, but obediently she got down from her chair.
“Privately?” she asked.
Mother nodded. “Yes,” she said, “this talk will be a
private one with Jonas.”
Jonas watched as his father poured a fresh cup of coffee. He
“You know,” his father finally said, “every December
was exciting to me when I was young. And it has been for
you and Lily, too, I’m sure. Each December brings such
Jonas nodded. He could remember the Decembers back to
when he had become, well, probably a Four. The earlier ones
were lost to him. But he observed them each year, and he
remembered Lily’s earliest Decembers. He remembered
when his family received Lily, the day she was named, the
day that she had become a One.
The Ceremony for the Ones was always noisy and fun.
Each December, all the newchildren born in the previous
year turned One. One at a time — there were always fifty in
each year’s group, if none had been released — they had
been brought to the stage by the Nurturers who had cared for
them since birth. Some were already walking, wobbly on
their unsteady legs; others were no more than a few days old,
wrapped in blankets, held by their Nurturers.
“I enjoy the Naming,” Jonas said.
His mother agreed, smiling. “The year we got Lily, we
knew, of course, that we’d receive our female, because
we’d made our application and been approved. But I’d been
wondering and wondering what her name would be.
“I could have sneaked a look at the list prior to the cer-
emony,” Father confided. “The committee always makes
the list in advance, and it’s right there in the office at the
“As a matter of fact,” he went on, “I feel a little guilty
about this. But I did go in this afternoon and looked to see
if this year’s Naming list had been made yet. It was right
there in the office, and I looked up number Thirty-six —
that’s the little guy I’ve been concerned about — because it
occurred to me that it might enhance his nurturing if I could
call him by a name. Just privately, of course, when no one
else is around.”
“Did you find it?” Jonas asked. He was fascinated. It
didn’t seem a terribly important rule, but the fact that his
father had broken a rule at all awed him. He glanced at his
mother, the one responsible for adherence to the rules, and
was relieved that she was smiling.
His father nodded. “His name — if he makes it to the
Naming without being released, of course — is to be Ga-
briel. So I whisper that to him when I feed him every four
hours, and during exercise and playtime. If no one can hear
“I call him Gabe, actually,” he said, and grinned.
“Gabe.” Jonas tried it out. A good name, he decided.
Though Jonas had only become a Five the year that they
acquired Lily and learned her name, he remembered the
excitement, the conversations at home, wondering about
her: how she would look, who she would be, how
she would fit into their established family unit. He re-
membered climbing the steps to the stage with his parents,
his father by his side that year instead of with the Nur-
turers, since it was the year that he would be given a new-
child of his own.
He remembered his mother taking the newchild, his
sister, into her arms, while the document was read to the
assembled family units. “Newchild Twenty-three,” the
Namer had read. “Lily.”
He remembered his father’s look of delight, and that his
father had whispered, “She’s one of my favorites. I was
hoping for her to be the one.” The crowd had clapped, and
Jonas had grinned. He liked his sister’s name. Lily, barely
awake, had waved her small fist. Then they had stepped
down to make room for the next family unit.
“When I was an Eleven,” his father said now, “as you
are, Jonas, I was very impatient, waiting for the Ceremony
of Twelve. It’s a long two days. I remember that I enjoyed
the Ones, as I always do, but that I didn’t pay much at-
tention to the other ceremonies, except for my sister’s. She
became a Nine that year, and got her bicycle. I’d been
teaching her to ride mine, even though technically I wasn’t
Jonas laughed. It was one of the few rules that was not
taken very seriously and was almost always broken. The
children all received their bicycles at Nine; they were not
allowed to ride bicycles before then. But almost always, the
older brothers and sisters had secretly taught the younger
ones. Jonas had been thinking already about teaching Lily.
There was talk about changing the rule and giving the
bicycles at an earlier age. A committee was studying
the idea. When something went to a committee for study,
the people always joked about it. They said that the com-
mittee members would become Elders by the time the rule
change was made.
Rules were very hard to change. Sometimes, if it was a
very important rule — unlike the one governing the age for
bicycles — it would have to go, eventually, to The Re-
ceiver for a decision. The Receiver was the most important
Elder. Jonas had never even seen him, that he knew of;
someone in a position of such importance lived and worked
alone. But the committee would never bother The Receiver
with a question about bicycles; they would simply fret and
argue about it themselves for years, until the citizens forgot
that it had ever gone to them for study.
His father continued. “So I watched and cheered when
my sister, Katya, became a Nine and removed her hair
ribbons and got her bicycle,” Father went on. “Then I didn’t
pay much attention to the Tens and Elevens. And finally, at
the end of the second day, which seemed to go on forever, it
was my turn. It was the Ceremony of Twelve.”
Jonas shivered. He pictured his father, who must have
been a shy and quiet boy, for he was a shy and quiet man,
seated with his group, waiting to be called to the stage.
The Ceremony of Twelve was the last of the Ceremonies.
The most important.
“I remember how proud my parents looked — and my
sister, too; even though she wanted to be out riding the bi-
cycle publicly, she stopped fidgeting and was very still and
attentive when my turn came.
“But to be honest, Jonas,” his father said, “for me there
was not the element of suspense that there is with your
Ceremony. Because I was already fairly certain of what my
Assignment was to be.”
Jonas was surprised. There was no way, really, to know
in advance. It was a secret selection, made by the leaders of
the community, the Committee of Elders, who took the
responsibility so seriously that there were never even any
jokes made about Assignments.
His mother seemed surprised, too. “How could you have
known?” she asked.
His father smiled his gentle smile. “Well, it was clear to
me — and my parents later confessed that it had been ob-
vious to them, too — what my aptitude was. I had always
loved the newchildren more than anything. When my
friends in my age group were holding bicycle races, or
building toy vehicles or bridges with their construction
sets, or — “
“All the things I do with my friends,” Jonas pointed out,
and his mother nodded in agreement.
“I always participated, of course, because as children we
must experience all of those things. And I studied hard in
school, as you do, Jonas. But again and again, during free
time, I found myself drawn to the newchildren. I spent al-
most all of my volunteer hours helping in the Nurturing
Center. Of course the Elders knew that, from their obser-
Jonas nodded. During the past year he had been aware of
the increasing level of observation. In school, at recreation
time, and during volunteer hours, he had noticed the Elders
watching him and the other Elevens. He had seen them
taking notes. He knew, too, that the Elders were
meeting for long hours with all of the instructors that he
and the other Elevens had had during their years of school.
“So I expected it, and I was pleased, but not at all sur-
prised, when my Assignment was announced as Nurturer,”
“Did everyone applaud, even though they weren’t sur-
prised?” Jonas asked.
“Oh, of course. They were happy for me, that my As-
signment was what I wanted most. I felt very fortunate.”
His father smiled.
“Were any of the Elevens disappointed, your year?”
Jonas asked. Unlike his father, he had no idea what his
Assignment would be. But he knew that some would dis-
appoint him. Though he respected his father’s work, Nur-
turer would not be his wish. And he didn’t envy Laborers
His father thought. “No, I don’t think so. Of course the
Elders are so careful in their observations and selections.”
“1 think it’s probably the most important job in our
community,” his mother commented.
“My friend Yoshiko was surprised by her selection as
Doctor,” Father said, “but she was thrilled. And let’s see,
there was Andrei — I remember that when we were boys
he never wanted to do physical things. He spent all the
recreation time he could with his construction set, and his
volunteer hours were always on building sites. The Elders
knew that, of course. Andrei was given the Assignment of
Engineer and he was delighted.”
“Andrei later designed the bridge that crosses the river
to the west of town,” Jonas’s mother said. “It wasn’t there
when we were children.”
“There are very rarely disappointments, Jonas. I don’t
think you need to worry about that,” his father reassured
him. “And if there are, you know there’s an appeal proc-
ess.” But they all laughed at that — an appeal went to a
committee for study.
“I worry a little about Asher’s Assignment,” Jonas con-
fessed. “Asher’s such fun. But he doesn’t really have any
serious interests. He makes a game out of everything.”
His father chuckled. “You know,” he said, “I re-
member when Asher was a newchild at the Nurturing
Center, before he was named. He never cried. He giggled
and laughed at everything. All of us on the staff enjoyed
“The Elders know Asher,” his mother said. “They’ll
find exactly the right Assignment for him. I don’t think
you need to worry about him. But, Jonas, let me warn you
about something that may not have occurred to you. I
know I didn’t think about it until after my Ceremony of
“Well, it’s the last of the Ceremonies, as you know.
After Twelve, age isn’t important. Most of us even lose
track of how old we are as time passes, though the infor-
mation is in the Hall of Open Records, and we could go
and look it up if we wanted to. What’s important is the
preparation for adult life, and the training you’ll receive in
“I know that,” Jonas said. “Everyone knows that.”
“But it means,” his mother went on, “that you’ll move
into a new group. And each of your friends will. You’ll no
longer be spending your time with your group of Elevens.
After the Ceremony of Twelve, you’ll be with your Assign-
ment group, with those in training. No more volunteer
hours. No more recreation hours. So your friends will no
longer be as close.”
Jonas shook his head. “Asher and I will always be
friends,” he said firmly. “And there will still be school.”
“That’s true,” his father agreed. “But what your mother
said is true as well. There will be changes.”
“Good changes, though,” his mother pointed out. “After
my Ceremony of Twelve, 1 missed my childhood
recreation. But when I entered my training for Law and
Justice, 1 found myself with people who shared my inter-
ests. I made friends on a new level, friends of all ages.”
“Did you still play at all, after Twelve?” Jonas asked.
“Occasionally,” his mother replied. “But it didn’t seem
as important to me.”
“1 did,” his father said, laughing. “I still do. Every day,
at the Nurturing Center, I play bounce-on-the-knee, and
peek-a-boo, and hug-the-teddy.” He reached over and
stroked Jonas’s neatly trimmed hair. “Fun doesn’t end
when you become Twelve.”
Lily appeared, wearing her nightclothes, in the door-
way. She gave an impatient sigh. “This is certainly a very
long private conversation,” she said. “And there are certain
people waiting for their comfort object.”
“Lily,” her mother said fondly, “you’re very close to
being an Eight, and when you’re an Eight, your comfort
object will be taken away. It will be recycled to the
younger children. You should be starting to go off to sleep
But her father had already gone to the shelf and taken
down the stuffed elephant which was kept there. Many of
the comfort objects, like Lily’s, were soft, stuffed, imagi-
nary creatures. Jonas’s had been called a bear.
“Here you are. Lily-billy,” he said. “I’ll come help you
remove your hair ribbons.”
Jonas and his mother rolled their eyes, yet they watched
affectionately as Lily and her father headed to her sleeping-
room with the stuffed elephant that had been given to her
as her comfort object when she was born. His mother
moved to her big desk and opened her briefcase; her work
never seemed to end, even when she was at home in the
evening. Jonas went to his own desk and began to sort
through his school papers for the evening’s assignment. But
his mind was still on December and the coming Ceremony.
Though he had been reassured by the talk with his par-
ents, he hadn’t the slightest idea what Assignment the
Elders would be selecting for his future, or how he might
feel about it when the day came.
“Oh, look!” Lily squealed in delight. “Isn’t he cute?
Look how tiny he is! And he has funny eyes like yours,
Jonas!” Jonas glared at her. He didn’t like it that she had
mentioned his eyes. He waited for his father to chastise
Lily. But Father was busy unstrapping the carrying basket
from the back of his bicycle. Jonas walked over to look.
It was the first thing Jonas noticed as he looked at the
newchild peering up curiously from the basket. The pale
Almost every citizen in the community had dark eyes.
His parents did, and Lily did, and so did all of his group
members and friends. But there were a few exceptions:
Jonas himself, and a female Five who he had noticed had
the different, lighter eyes. No one mentioned such things; it
was not a rule, but was considered rude to call attention to
things that were unsettling or different about individuals.
Lily, he decided, would have to learn that soon, or she
would be called in for chastisement because of her in-
Father put his bike into its port. Then he picked up the
basket and carried it into the house. Lily followed be-
hind, but she glanced back over her shoulder at Jonas and
teased, “Maybe he had the same Birthmother as you.”
Jonas shrugged. He followed them inside. But he had
been startled by the newchild’ s eyes. Mirrors were rare in
the community; they weren’t forbidden, but there was no
real need of them, and Jonas had simply never bothered to
look at himself very often even when he found himself in a
location where a mirror existed. Now, seeing the newchild
and its expression, he was reminded that the light eyes
were not only a rarity but gave the one who had them a
certain look — what was it? Depth, he decided; as if one
were looking into the clear water of the river, down to the
bottom, where things might lurk which hadn’t been dis-
covered yet. He felt self-conscious, realizing that he, too,
had that look.
He went to his desk, pretending not to be interested in
the newchild. On the other side of the room, Mother and
Lily were bending over to watch as Father unwrapped its
“What’s his comfort object called?” Lily asked, picking
up the stuffed creature which had been placed beside the
newchild in his basket.
Father glanced at it. “Hippo,” he said.
Lily giggled at the strange word. “Hippo,” she repeated,
and put the comfort object down again. She peered at the
unwrapped newchild, who waved his arms.
“I think newchildren are so cute,” Lily sighed. “I hope I
get assigned to be a Birthmother.”
“Lily!” Mother spoke very sharply. “Don’t say that.
There’s very little honor in that Assignment.”
“But I was talking to Natasha. You know the Ten who
lives around the corner? She does some of her volunteer
hours at the Birthing Center. And she told me that the
Birthmothers get wonderful food, and they have very gen-
tle exercise periods, and most of the time they just play
games and amuse themselves while they’re waiting. I think
I’d like that,” Lily said petulantly.
“Three years,” Mother told her firmly. “Three births,
and that’s all. After that they are Laborers for the rest of
their adult lives, until the day that they enter the House of
the Old. Is that what you want, Lily? Three lazy years, and
then hard physical labor until you are old?”
“Well, no, I guess not,” Lily acknowledged reluctantly.
Father turned the newchild onto his tummy in the bas-
ket. He sat beside it and rubbed its small back with a
rhythmic motion. “Anyway, Lily-billy,” he said affection-
ately, “the Birthmothers never even get to see newchildren.
If you enjoy the little ones so much, you should hope for an
Assignment as Nurturer.”
“When you’re an Eight and start your volunteer hours,
you can try some at the Nurturing Center,” Mother sug-
“Yes, I think I will,” Lily said. She knelt beside the bas-
ket. “What did you say his name is? Gabriel? Hello, Ga-
briel,” she said in a singsong voice. Then she giggled.
“Ooops,” she whispered. “I think he’s asleep. I guess I’d
better be quiet.”
Jonas turned to the school assignments on his desk.
Some chance of that, he thought. Lily was never quiet.
Probably she should hope for an Assignment as Speaker, so
that she could sit in the office with the microphone all day,
making announcements. He laughed silently to him-self,
picturing his sister droning on in the self-important
voice that all the Speakers seemed to develop, saying
things like, ATTENTION. THIS IS A REMINDER TO
FEMALES UNDER NINE THAT HAIR RIBBONS ARE
TO BE NEATLY TIED AT ALL TIMES.
He turned toward Lily and noticed to his satisfaction
that her ribbons were, as usual, undone and dangling.
There would be an announcement like that quite soon, he
felt certain, and it would be directed mainly at Lily, though
her name, of course, would not be mentioned. Everyone
Everyone had known, he remembered with humiliation,
that the announcement ATTENTION. THIS IS A RE-
MINDER TO MALE ELEVENS THAT OBJECTS ARE
NOT TO BE REMOVED FROM THE RECREATION
AREA AND THAT SNACKS ARE TO BE EATEN,
NOT HOARDED had been specifically directed at him,
the day last month that he had taken an apple home. No
one had mentioned it, not even his parents, because the
public announcement had been sufficient to produce the
appropriate remorse. He had, of course, disposed of the
apple and made his apology to the Recreation Director the
next morning, before school.
Jonas thought again about that incident. He was still
bewildered by it. Not by the announcement or the neces-
sary apology; those were standard procedures, and he had
deserved them — but by the incident itself. He probably
should have brought up his feeling of bewilderment that
very evening when the family unit had shared their feel-
ings of the day. But he had not been able to sort out and
put words to the source of his confusion, so he had let it
It had happened during the recreation period, when he
had been playing with Asher. Jonas had casually picked
up an apple from the basket where the snacks were kept,
and had thrown it to his friend. Asher had thrown it back,
and they had begun a simple game of catch.
There had been nothing special about it; it was an activ-
ity that he had performed countless times: throw, catch;
throw, catch. It was effortless for Jonas, and even boring,
though Asher enjoyed it, and playing catch was a required
activity for Asher because it would improve his hand-eye
coordination, which was not up to standards.
But suddenly Jonas had noticed, following the path of
the apple through the air with his eyes, that the piece of
fruit had — well, this was the part that he couldn’t ade-
quately understand — the apple had changed. Just for an
instant. It had changed in mid-air, he remembered. Then it
was in his hand, and he looked at it carefully, but it was the
same apple. Unchanged. The same size and shape: a perfect
sphere. The same nondescript shade, about the same shade
as his own tunic.
There was absolutely nothing remarkable about that
apple. He had tossed it back and forth between his hands a
few times, then thrown it again to Asher. And again — in
the air, for an instant only — it had changed.
It had happened four times. Jonas had blinked, looked
around, and then tested his eyesight, squinting at the small
print on the identification badge attached to his tunic. He
read his name quite clearly. He could also clearly see Asher
at the other end of the throwing area. And he had had no
problem catching the apple.
Jonas had been completely mystified.
“Ash?” he had called. “Does anything seem strange to
you? About the apple?”
“Yes,” Asher called back, laughing. “It jumps out of
my hand onto the ground!” Asher had just dropped it once
So Jonas laughed too, and with his laughter tried to ig-
nore his uneasy conviction that something had happened.
But he had taken the apple home, against the recreation
area rules. That evening, before his parents and Lily arrived
at the dwelling, he had held it in his hands and looked at it
carefully. It was slightly bruised now, because Asher had
dropped it several times. But there was nothing at all
unusual about the apple.
He had held a magnifying glass to it. He had tossed it
several times across the room, watching, and then rolled it
around and around on his desktop, waiting for the thing to
But it hadn’t. The only thing that happened was the
announcement later that evening over the speaker, the an-
nouncement that had singled him out without using his
name, that had caused both of his parents to glance mean-
ingfully at his desk where the apple still lay.
Now, sitting at his desk, staring at his schoolwork as his
family hovered over the newchild in its basket, he shook
his head, trying to forget the odd incident. He forced him-
self to arrange his papers and try to study a little before the
evening meal. The newchild, Gabriel, stirred and whim-
pered, and Father spoke softly to Lily, explaining the feed-
ing procedure as he opened the container that held the
formula and equipment.
The evening proceeded as all evenings did in the family
unit, in the dwelling, in the community: quiet, reflective, a
time for renewal and preparation for the day to come. It
was different only in the addition to it of the newchild with
his pale, solemn, knowing eyes.
Jonas rode at a leisurely pace, glancing at the bikeports
beside the buildings to see if he could spot Asher’s. He
didn’t often do his volunteer hours with his friend because
Asher frequently fooled around and made serious work a
little difficult. But now, with Twelve coming so soon and
the volunteer hours ending, it didn’t seem to matter.
The freedom to choose where to spend those hours had
always seemed a wonderful luxury to Jonas; other hours of
the day were so carefully regulated.
He remembered when he had become an Eight, as Lily
would do shortly, and had been faced with that freedom of
choice. The Eights always set out on their first volunteer
hour a little nervously, giggling and staying in groups of
friends. They almost invariably did their hours on Recre-
ation Duty first, helping with the younger ones in a place
where they still felt comfortable. But with guidance, as
they developed self-confidence and maturity, they moved
on to other jobs, gravitating toward those that would suit
their own interests and skills.
A male Eleven named Benjamin had done his entire
nearly-Four years in the Rehabilitation Center, working
with citizens who had been injured. It was rumored that he
was as skilled now as the Rehabilitation Directors
themselves, and that he had even developed some ma-
chines and methods to hasten rehabilitation. There was no
doubt that Benjamin would receive his Assignment to that
field and would probably be permitted to bypass most of
Jonas was impressed by the things Benjamin had
achieved. He knew him, of course, since they had always
been groupmates, but they had never talked about the boy’s
accomplishments because such a conversation would have
been awkward for Benjamin. There was never any
comfortable way to mention or discuss one’s successes
without breaking the rule against bragging, even if one
didn’t mean to. It was a minor rule, rather like rudeness,
punishable only by gentle chastisement. But still. Better to
steer clear of an occasion governed by a rule which would
be so easy to break.
The area of dwellings behind him, Jonas rode past the
community structures, hoping to spot Asher’s bicycle
parked beside one of the small factories or office buildings.
He passed the Childcare Center where Lily stayed after
school, and the play areas surrounding it. He rode through
the Central Plaza and the large Auditorium where public
meetings were held.
Jonas slowed and looked at the nametags on the bicycles
lined up outside the Nurturing Center. Then he checked
those outside Food Distribution; it was always fun to help
with the deliveries, and he hoped he would find his friend
there so that they could go together on the daily rounds,
carrying the cartons of supplies into the dwellings of the
community. But he finally found Asher’s bicycle —
leaning, as usual, instead of upright in its port, as it should
have been — at the House of the Old.
There was only one other child’s bicycle there, that of a
female Eleven named Fiona. Jonas liked Fiona. She was a
good student, quiet and polite, but she had a sense of fun as
well, and it didn’t surprise him that she was working with
Asher today. He parked his bicycle neatly in the port beside
theirs and entered the building.
“Hello, Jonas,” the attendant at the front desk said. She
handed him the sign-up sheet and stamped her own official
seal beside his signature. All of his volunteer hours would
be carefully tabulated at the Hall of Open Records. Once,
long ago, it was whispered among the children, an Eleven
had arrived at the Ceremony of Twelve only to hear a public
announcement that he had not completed the required
number of volunteer hours and would not, there-fore, be
given his Assignment. He had been permitted an additional
month in which to complete the hours, and then given his
Assignment privately, with no applause, no celebration: a
disgrace that had clouded his entire future.
“It’s good to have some volunteers here today,” the at-
tendant told him. “We celebrated a release this morning,
and that always throws the schedule off a little, so things
get backed up.” She looked at a printed sheet. “Fet’s see.
Asher and Fiona are helping in the bathing room. Why
don’t you join them there? You know where it is, don’t
Jonas nodded, thanked her, and walked down the long
hallway. He glanced into the rooms on either side. The Old
were sitting quietly, some visiting and talking with one
another, others doing handwork and simple crafts. A few
were asleep. Each room was comfortably furnished, the
floors covered with thick carpeting. It was a serene and
slow-paced place, unlike the busy centers of manufacture
and distribution where the daily work of the community
Jonas was glad that he had, over the years, chosen to do
his hours in a variety of places so that he could experience
the differences. He realized, though, that not focusing on
one area meant he was left with not the slightest idea —
not even a guess — of what his Assignment would be.
He laughed softly. Thinking about the Ceremony again,
Jonas? He teased himself. But he suspected that with the
date so near, probably all of his friends were, too.
He passed a Caretaker walking slowly with one of the
Old in the hall. “Hello, Jonas,” the young uniformed man
said, smiling pleasantly. The woman beside him, whose
arm he held, was hunched over as she shuffled along in her
soft slippers. She looked toward Jonas and smiled, but her
dark eyes were clouded and blank. He realized she was
He entered the bathing room with its warm moist air and
scent of cleansing lotions. He removed his tunic, hung it
carefully on a wall hook, and put on the volunteer’s smock
that was folded on a shelf.
“Hi, Jonas!” Asher called from the corner where he was
kneeling beside a tub. Jonas saw Fiona nearby, at a differ-
ent tub. She looked up and smiled at him, but she was busy,
gently washing a man who lay in the warm water.
Jonas greeted them and the caretaking attendants at
work nearby. Then he went to the row of padded lounging
chairs where others of the Old were waiting. He had
worked here before; he knew what to do.
“Your turn, Farissa,” he said, reading the nametag on
the woman’s robe. “I’ll just start the water and then help
you up.” He pressed the button on a nearby empty tub and
watched as the warm water flowed in through the many
small openings on the sides. The tub would be filled in a
minute and the water flow would stop automatically.
He helped the woman from the chair, led her to the tub,
removed her robe, and steadied her with his hand on her
arm as she stepped in and lowered herself. She leaned back
and sighed with pleasure, her head on a soft cushioned
“Comfortable?” he asked, and she nodded, her eyes
closed. Jonas squeezed cleansing lotion onto the clean
sponge at the edge of the tub and began to wash her frail
Last night he had watched as his father bathed the new-
child. This was much the same: the fragile skin, the sooth-
ing water, the gentle motion of his hand, slippery with
soap. The relaxed, peaceful smile on the woman’s face re-
minded him of Gabriel being bathed.
And the nakedness, too. It was against the rules for
children or adults to look at another’s nakedness; but the
rule did not apply to newchildren or the Old. Jonas was
glad. It was a nuisance to keep oneself covered while
changing for games, and the required apology if one had
by mistake glimpsed another’s body was always awkward.
He couldn’t see why it was necessary. He liked the feeling
of safety here in this warm and quiet room; he liked the
expression of trust on the woman’s face as she lay in the
water unprotected, exposed, and free.
From the corner of his eye he could see his friend Fiona
help the old man from the tub and tenderly pat his thin,
naked body dry with an absorbent cloth. She helped him
into his robe.
Jonas thought Larissa had drifted into sleep, as the Old
often did, and he was careful to keep his motions steady
and gentle so he wouldn’t wake her. He was surprised
when she spoke, her eyes still closed.
“This morning we celebrated the release of Roberto,”
she told him. “It was wonderful.”
“I knew Roberto!” Jonas said. “I helped with his feed-
ing the last time I was here, just a few weeks ago. He was a
very interesting man.”
Larissa opened her eyes happily. “They told his whole
life before they released him,” she said. “They always do.
But to be honest,” she whispered with a mischievous look,
“some of the tellings are a little boring. I’ve even seen
some of the Old fall asleep during tellings — when they
released Edna recently. Did you know Edna?”
Jonas shook his head. He couldn’t recall anyone named
“Well, they tried to make her life sound meaningful.
And of course,” she added primly, “all lives are meaning-
ful, I don’t mean that they aren’t. But Edna. My goodness.
She was a Birthmother, and then she worked in Food
Production for years, until she came here. She never even
had a family unit.”
Larissa lifted her head and looked around to make sure
no one else was listening. Then she confided, “I don’t
think Edna was very smart.”
Jonas laughed. He rinsed her left arm, laid it back into
the water, and began to wash her feet. She murmured
with pleasure as he massaged her feet with the sponge.
“But Roberto’s life was wonderful,” Larissa went on,
after a moment. “He had been an Instructor of Elevens —
you know how important that is — and he’d been on the
Planning Committee. And — goodness, I don’t know how
he found the time — he also raised two very successful
children, and he was also the one who did the landscaping
design for the Central Plaza. He didn’t do the actual labor,
“Now your back. Lean forward and I’ll help you sit up.”
Jonas put his arm around her and supported her as she sat.
He squeezed the sponge against her back and began to rub
her sharp-boned shoulders. “Tell me about the celebration.”
“Well, there was the telling of his life. That is always
first. Then the toast. We all raised our glasses and cheered.
We chanted the anthem. He made a lovely good-bye
speech. And several of us made little speeches wishing him
well. I didn’t, though. I’ve never been fond of public
“He was thrilled. You should have seen the look on his
face when they let him go.”
Jonas slowed the strokes of his hand on her back
thoughtfully. “Larissa,” he asked, “what happens when they
make the actual release? Where exactly did Roberto go?”
She lifted her bare wet shoulders in a small shrug. “I
don’t know. I don’t think anybody does, except the com-
mittee. He just bowed to all of us and then walked, like
they all do, through the special door in the Releasing
Room. But you should have seen his look. Pure happiness,
I’d call it.”
Jonas grinned. “I wish I’d been there to see it.”
Larissa frowned. “I don’t know why they don’t let chil-
dren come. Not enough room, I guess. They should en-
large the Releasing Room.”
“We’ll have to suggest that to the committee. Maybe
they’d study it,” Jonas said slyly, and Larissa chortled with
“Right!” she hooted, and Jonas helped her from the tub.
Usually, at the morning ritual when the family members
told their dreams, Jonas didn’t contribute much. He rarely
dreamed. Sometimes he awoke with a feeling of fragments
afloat in his sleep, but he couldn’t seem to grasp them and
put them together into something worthy of telling at the
But this morning was different. He had dreamed very
vividly the night before.
His mind wandered while Lily, as usual, recounted a
lengthy dream, this one a frightening one in which she had,
against the rules, been riding her mother’s bicycle and been
caught by the Security Guards.
They all listened carefully and discussed with Lily the
warning that the dream had given.
“Thank you for your dream, Lily.” Jonas said the stan-
dard phrase automatically, and tried to pay better attention
while his mother told of a dream fragment, a disquieting
scene where she had been chastised for a rule infraction she
didn’t understand. Together they agreed that it probably
resulted from her feelings when she had reluctantly dealt
punishment to the citizen who had broken the major rules a
Father said that he had had no dreams.
“Gabe?” Father asked, looking down at the basket where
the newchild lay gurgling after his feeding, ready to be
taken back to the Nurturing Center for the day.
They all laughed. Dream-telling began with Threes. If
newchildren dreamed, no one knew.
“Jonas?” Mother asked. They always asked, though they
knew how rarely Jonas had a dream to tell.
“I did dream last night,” Jonas told them. He shifted in
his chair, frowning.
“Good,” Father said. “Tell us.”
“The details aren’t clear, really,” Jonas explained, trying
to recreate the odd dream in his mind. “I think I was in the
bathing room at the House of the Old.”
“That’s where you were yesterday,” Father pointed out.
Jonas nodded. “But it wasn’t really the same. There was
a tub, in the dream. But only one. And the real bathing
room has rows and rows of them. But the room in the
dream was warm and damp. And 1 had taken off my tunic,
but hadn’t put on the smock, so my chest was bare. I was
perspiring, because it was so warm. And Fiona was there,
the way she was yesterday.”
“Asher, too?” Mother asked.
Jonas shook his head. “No. It was only me and Fiona,
alone in the room, standing beside the tub. She was laugh-
ing. But I wasn’t. I was almost a little angry at her, in the
dream, because she wasn’t taking me seriously.”
“Seriously about what?” Lily asked.
Jonas looked at his plate. For some reason that he didn’t
understand, he felt slightly embarrassed. “I think I
was trying to convince her that she should get into the tub
He paused. He knew he had to tell it all, that it was not
only all right but necessary to tell all of a dream. So he
forced himself to relate the part that made him uneasy.
“I wanted her to take off her clothes and get into the
tub,” he explained quickly. “I wanted to bathe her. I had the
sponge in my hand. But she wouldn’t. She kept laughing
and saying no.”
He looked up at his parents. “That’s all,” he said. “Can
you describe the strongest feeling in your dream, son?”
Jonas thought about it. The details were murky and
vague. But the feelings were clear, and flooded him again
now as he thought. “The wanting, ” he said. “I knew that
she wouldn’t. And I think I knew that she shouldn ’t. But I
wanted it so terribly. I could feel the wanting all through
“Thank you for your dream, Jonas,” Mother said after a
moment. She glanced at Father.
“Lily,” Father said, “it’s time to leave for school. Would
you walk beside me this morning and keep an eye on the
newchild’s basket? We want to be certain he doesn’t wiggle
Jonas began to rise to collect his schoolbooks. He
thought it surprising that they hadn’t talked about his dream
at length before the thank you. Perhaps they found it as
confusing as he had.
“Wait, Jonas,” Mother said gently. “I’ll write an apology
to your instructor so that you won’t have to speak one for
He sank back down into his chair, puzzled. He waved to
Father and Lily as they left the dwelling, carrying Gabe in
his basket. He watched while Mother tidied the remains of
the morning meal and placed the tray by the front door for
the Collection Crew.
Finally she sat down beside him at the table. “Jonas,”
she said with a smile, “the feeling you described as the
wanting? It was your first Stirrings. Father and I have been
expecting it to happen to you. It happens to everyone. It
happened to Father when he was your age. And it hap-
pened to me. It will happen someday to Lily.
“And very often,” Mother added, “it begins with a
Stirrings. He had heard the word before. He remem-
bered that there was a reference to the Stirrings in the
Book of Rules, though he didn’t remember what it said.
And now and then the Speaker mentioned it. ATTENTION.
A REMINDER THAT STIRRINGS MUST BE REPORTED IN
ORDER FOR TREATMENT TO TAKE PLACE.
He had always ignored that announcement because he
didn’t understand it and it had never seemed to apply to
him in any way. He ignored, as most citizens did, many of
the commands and reminders read by the Speaker.
“Do I have to report it?” he asked his mother.
She laughed. “You did, in the dream-telling. That’s
“But what about the treatment? The Speaker says that
treatment must take place.” Jonas felt miserable. Just when
the Ceremony was about to happen, his Ceremony of
Twelve, would he have to go away someplace for treat-
ment? Just because of a stupid dream?
But his mother laughed again in a reassuring, affection-
ate way. “No, no,” she said. “It’s just the pills. You’re
ready for the pills, that’s all. That’s the treatment for Stir-
Jonas brightened. He knew about the pills. His parents
both took them each morning. And some of his friends did,
he knew. Once he had been heading off to school with
Asher, both of them on their bikes, when Asher’s father
had called from their dwelling doorway, “You forgot your
pill, Asher!” Asher had groaned good-naturedly, turned his
bike, and ridden back while Jonas waited.
It was the sort of thing one didn’t ask a friend about
because it might have fallen into that uncomfortable cate-
gory of ‘being different.’ Asher took a pill each morning;
Jonas did not. Always better, less rude, to talk about things
that were the same.
Now he swallowed the small pill that his mother handed
“That’s all?” he asked.
“That’s all,” she replied, returning the bottle to the
cupboard. “But you mustn’t forget. I’ll remind you for the
first weeks, but then you must do it on your own. If you
forget, the Stirrings will come back. The dreams of
Stirrings will come back. Sometimes the dosage must be
“Asher takes them,” Jonas confided.
His mother nodded, unsurprised. “Many of your
groupmates probably do. The males, at least. And they all
will, soon. Females too.”
“How long will I have to take them?”
“Until you enter the House of the Old,” she explained.
"All of your adult life. But it becomes routine; after a
while you won't even pay much attention to it."
She looked at her watch. "If you leave right now, you
won't even be late for school. Hurry along.
"And thank you again, Jonas," she added, as he went to
the door, "for your dream."
Pedaling rapidly down the path, Jonas felt oddly proud to
have joined those who took the pills. For a moment,
though, he remembered the dream again. The dream had
felt pleasurable. Though the feelings were confused, he
thought that he had liked the feelings that his mother had
called Stirrings. He remembered that upon waking, he had
wanted to feel the Stirrings again.
Then, in the same way that his own dwelling slipped
away behind him as he rounded a corner on his bicycle, the
dream slipped away from his thoughts. Very briefly, a little
guiltily, he tried to grasp it back. But the feelings had
disappeared. The Stirrings were gone.
"Lily, please hold still," Mother said again.
Lily, standing in front of her, fidgeted impatiently. "I
can tie them myself," she complained. "I always have."
"I know that," Mother replied, straightening the hair
ribbons on the little girl's braids. "But I also know that they
constantly come loose and more often than not, they're
dangling down your back by afternoon. Today, at least, we
want them to be neatly tied and to stay neatly tied."
"1 don't like hair ribbons. I'm glad I only have to wear
them one more year," Lily said irritably. "Next year I get
my bicycle, too," she added more cheerfully.
"There are good things each year," Jonas reminded her.
"This year you get to start your volunteer hours. And re-
member last year, when you became a Seven, you were so
happy to get your front-buttoned jacket?"
The little girl nodded and looked down at herself, at the
jacket with its row of large buttons that designated her as a
Seven. Fours, Fives, and Sixes all wore jackets that fas-
tened down the back so that they would have to help each
other dress and would learn interdependence.
The front-buttoned jacket was the first sign of inde-
pendence, the first very visible symbol of growing up. The
bicycle, at Nine, would be the powerful emblem of moving
gradually out into the community, away from the pro-
tective family unit.
Lily grinned and wriggled away from her mother. "And
this year you get your Assignment," she said to Jonas in an
excited voice. "I hope you get Pilot. And that you take me
"Sure I will," said Jonas. "And I'll get a special little
parachute that just fits you, and I'll take you up to, oh,
maybe twenty thousand feet, and open the door, and — "
"Jonas," Mother warned.
"I was only joking," Jonas groaned. "I don't want Pilot,
anyway. If I get Pilot I'll put in an appeal."
"Come on," Mother said. She gave Lily's ribbons a final
tug. "Jonas? Are you ready? Did you take your pill? I want
to get a good seat in the Auditorium." She prodded Lily to
the front door and Jonas followed.
It was a short ride to the Auditorium, Lily waving to her
friends from her seat on the back of Mother's bicycle. Jonas
stowed his bicycle beside Mother's and made his way
through the throng to find his group.
The entire community attended the Ceremony each year.
For the parents, it meant two days holiday from work; they
sat together in the huge hall. Children sat with their groups
until they went, one by one, to the stage.
Father, though, would not join Mother in the audience
right away. For the earliest ceremony, the Naming, the
Nurturers brought the newchildren to the stage. Jonas, from
his place in the balcony with the Elevens, searched the
Auditorium for a glimpse of Father. It wasn't at all
hard to spot the Nurturers' section at the front; coming from
it were the wails and howls of the newchildren who sat
squirming on the Nurturers' laps. At every other public
ceremony, the audience was silent and attentive. But once a
year, they all smiled indulgently at the commotion from the
little ones waiting to receive their names and families.
Jonas finally caught his father's eye and waved. Father
grinned and waved back, then held up the hand of the
newchild on his lap, making it wave, too.
It wasn't Gabriel. Gabe was back at the Nurturing Center
today, being cared for by the night crew. He had been given
an unusual and special reprieve from the committee, and
granted an additional year of nurturing before his Naming
and Placement. Father had gone before the committee with
a plea on behalf of Gabriel, who had not yet gained the
weight appropriate to his days of life nor begun to sleep
soundly enough at night to be placed with his family unit.
Normally such a newchild would be labeled Inadequate and
released from the community.
Instead, as a result of Father's plea, Gabriel had been
labeled Uncertain and given the additional year. He would
continue to be nurtured at the Center and would spend his
nights with Jonas's family unit. Each family member, in-
cluding Lily, had been required to sign a pledge that they
would not become attached to this little temporary guest,
and that they would relinquish him without protest or ap-
peal when he was assigned to his own family unit at next
At least, Jonas thought, after Gabriel was placed next
year, they would still see him often because he would be
part of the community. If he were released, they would not
see him again. Ever. Those who were released — even as
newchildren — were sent Elsewhere and never returned to
Father had not had to release a single newchild this year,
so Gabriel would have represented a real failure and
sadness. Even Jonas, though he didn't hover over the little
one the way Lily and his father did, was glad that Gabe had
not been released.
The first Ceremony began right on time, and Jonas
watched as one after another each newchild was given a
name and handed by the Nurturers to its new family unit.
For some, it was a first child. But many came to the stage
accompanied by another child beaming with pride to re-
ceive a little brother or sister, the way Jonas had when he
was about to be a Five.
Asher poked Jonas's arm. "Remember when we got
Phillipa?" he asked in a loud whisper. Jonas nodded. It had
only been last year. Asher's parents had waited quite a long
time before applying for a second child. Maybe, Jonas
suspected, they had been so exhausted by Asher's lively
foolishness that they had needed a little time.
Two of their group, Fiona and another female named
Thea, were missing temporarily, waiting with their parents
to receive newchildren. But it was rare that there was such
an age gap between children in a family unit.
When her family's ceremony was completed, Fiona took
the seat that had been saved for her in the row ahead of
Asher and Jonas. She turned and whispered to them, "He's
cute. But I don't like his name very much." She made a face
and giggled. Fiona's new brother had been
named Bruno. It wasn't a great name, Jonas thought, like
— well, like Gabriel, for example. But it was okay.
The audience applause, which was enthusiastic at each
Naming, rose in an exuberant swell when one parental pair,
glowing with pride, took a male newchild and heard him
This new Caleb was a replacement child. The couple
had lost their first Caleb, a cheerful little Four. Loss of a
child was very, very rare. The community was extraordi-
narily safe, each citizen watchful and protective of all chil-
dren. But somehow the first little Caleb had wandered
away unnoticed, and had fallen into the river. The entire
community had performed the Ceremony of Loss together,
murmuring the name Caleb throughout an entire day, less
and less frequently, softer in volume, as the long and
somber day went on, so that the little Four seemed to fade
away gradually from everyone's consciousness.
Now, at this special Naming, the community per-formed
the brief Murmur-of-Replacement Ceremony, repeating the
name for the first time since the loss: softly and slowly at
first, then faster and with greater volume, as the couple
stood on the stage with the newchild sleeping in the
mother's arms. It was as if the first Caleb were returning.
Another newchild was given the name Roberto, and
Jonas remembered that Roberto the Old had been released
only last week. But there was no Murmur-of-Replacement
Ceremony for the new little Roberto. Release was not the
same as Loss.
He sat politely through the ceremonies of Two and
Three and Four, increasingly bored as he was each year.
Then a break for midday meal — served outdoors — and
back again to the seats, for the Fives, Sixes, Sevens, and fi-
nally, last of the first day's ceremonies, the Eights.
Jonas watched and cheered as Lily marched proudly to
the stage, became an Eight and received the identifying
jacket that she would wear this year, this one with smaller
buttons and, for the first time, pockets, indicating that she
was mature enough now to keep track of her own small
belongings. She stood solemnly listening to the speech of
firm instructions on the responsibilities of Eight and doing
volunteer hours for the first time. But Jonas could see that
Lily, though she seemed attentive, was looking longingly
at the row of gleaming bicycles, which would be presented
tomorrow morning to the Nines.
Next year, Lily-billy, Jonas thought.
It was an exhausting day, and even Gabriel, retrieved in
his basket from the Nurturing Center, slept soundly that
Finally it was the morning of the Ceremony of Twelve.
Now Father sat beside Mother in the audience. Jonas could
see them applauding dutifully as the Nines, one by one,
wheeled their new bicycles, each with its gleaming
nametag attached to the back, from the stage. He knew that
his parents cringed a little, as he did, when Fritz, who lived
in the dwelling next door to theirs, received his bike and
almost immediately bumped into the podium with it. Fritz
was a very awkward child who had been summoned for
chastisement again and again. His transgressions were
small ones, always: shoes on the wrong feet, schoolwork
misplaced, failure to study adequately for a quiz. But each
such error reflected negatively on his parents' guidance and
infringed on the community's sense of order and success.
Jonas and his family had not been looking forward to Fritz's
bicycle, which they realized would probably too often be
dropped on the front walk instead of wheeled neatly into its
Finally the Nines were all resettled in their seats, each
having wheeled a bicycle outside where it would be waiting
for its owner at the end of the day. Everyone always
chuckled and made small jokes when the Nines rode home
for the first time. "Want me to show you how to ride?" older
friends would call. "I know you've never been on a bike
before!" But invariably the grinning Nines, who in technical
violation of the rule had been practicing secretly for weeks,
would mount and ride off in perfect balance, training wheels
never touching the ground.
Then the Tens. Jonas never found the Ceremony of Ten
particularly interesting — only time-consuming, as each
child's hair was snipped neatly into its distinguishing cut:
females lost their braids at Ten, and males, too, relinquished
their long childish hair and took on the more manly short
style which exposed their ears.
Laborers moved quickly to the stage with brooms and
swept away the mounds of discarded hair. Jonas could see
the parents of the new Tens stir and murmur, and he knew
that this evening, in many dwellings, they would be snip-
ping and straightening the hastily done haircuts, trimming
them into a neater line.
Elevens. It seemed a short time ago that Jonas had un-
dergone the Ceremony of Eleven, but he remembered that it
was not one of the more interesting ones. By Eleven, one
was only waiting to be Twelve. It was simply a marking of
time with no meaningful changes. There was new clothing:
different undergarments for the females, whose bodies were
beginning to change; and longer trousers for the males, with
a specially shaped pocket for the small calculator that they
would use this year in school; but those were simply
presented in wrapped packages without an accompanying
Break for midday meal. Jonas realized he was hungry. He
and his groupmates congregated by the tables in front of the
Auditorium and took their packaged food. Yesterday there
had been merriment at lunch, a lot of teasing and energy.
But today the group stood anxiously, separate from the other
children. Jonas watched the new Nines gravitate toward their
waiting bicycles, each one admiring his or her nametag. He
saw the Tens stroking their new shortened hair, the females
shaking their heads to feel the unaccustomed lightness
without the heavy braids they had worn so long.
"I heard about a guy who was absolutely certain he was
going to be assigned Engineer," Asher muttered as they ate,
"and instead they gave him Sanitation Laborer. He went out
the next day, jumped into the river, swam across, and joined
the next community he came to. Nobody ever saw him
Jonas laughed. "Somebody made that story up. Ash," he
said. "My father said he heard that story when he was a
But Asher wasn't reassured. He was eyeing the river
where it was visible behind the Auditorium. "I can't even
swim very well," he said. "My swimming instructor said that
I don't have the right boyishness or something."
"Buoyancy," Jonas corrected him.
"Whatever. I don't have it. I sink."
"Anyway," Jonas pointed out, "have you ever once
known of anyone — I mean really known for sure, Asher,
not just heard a story about it — who joined another com-
"No," Asher admitted reluctantly. "But you can. It says
so in the rules. If you don't fit in, you can apply for
Elsewhere and be released. My mother says that once,
about ten years ago, someone applied and was gone the
next day." Then he chuckled. "She told me that because I
was driving her crazy. She threatened to apply for Else-
"She was joking."
"I know. But it was true, what she said, that someone did
that once. She said that it was really true. Here today and
gone tomorrow. Never seen again. Not even a Ceremony of
Jonas shrugged. It didn't worry him. How could some-
one not fit in? The community was so meticulously ordered,
the choices so carefully made.
Even the Matching of Spouses was given such weighty
consideration that sometimes an adult who applied to re-
ceive a spouse waited months or even years before a Match
was approved and announced. All of the factors — dispo-
sition, energy level, intelligence, and interests — had to
correspond and to interact perfectly. Jonas's mother, for
example, had higher intelligence than his father; but his
father had a calmer disposition. They balanced each other.
Their Match, which like all Matches had been monitored by
the Committee of Elders for three years before they
could apply for children, had always been a successful one.
Like the Matching of Spouses and the Naming and
Placement of newchildren, the Assignments were scrupu-
lously thought through by the Committee of Elders.
He was certain that his Assignment, whatever it was to
be, and Asher's too, would be the right one for them. He
only wished that the midday break would conclude, that the
audience would reenter the Auditorium, and the suspense
As if in answer to his unspoken wish, the signal came
and the crowd began to move toward the doors.
Now Jonas's group had taken a new place in the Auditorium,
trading with the new Elevens, so that they sat in the very
front, immediately before the stage.
They were arranged by their original numbers, the
numbers they had been given at birth. The numbers were
rarely used after the Naming. But each child knew his
number, of course. Sometimes parents used them in irrita-
tion at a child's misbehavior, indicating that mischief made
one unworthy of a name. Jonas always chuckled when he
heard a parent, exasperated, call sharply to a whining
toddler, "That's enough, Twenty-three!"
Jonas was Nineteen. He had been the nineteenth new-
child born his year. It had meant that at his Naming, he had
been already standing and bright-eyed, soon to walk and
talk. It had given him a slight advantage the first year or
two, a little more maturity than many of his group-mates
who had been bom in the later months of that year. But it
evened out, as it always did, by Three.
After Three, the children progressed at much the same
level, though by their first number one could always tell
who was a few months older than others in his group.
Technically, Jonas's full number was Eleven-nineteen,
since there were other Nineteens, of course, in each age
group. And today, now that the new Elevens had been ad-
vanced this morning, there were two Eleven-nineteens. At
the midday break he had exchanged smiles with the new
one, a shy female named Harriet.
But the duplication was only for these few hours. Very
soon he would not be an Eleven but a Twelve, and age
would no longer matter. He would be an adult, like his
parents, though a new one and untrained still.
Asher was Four, and sat now in the row ahead of Jonas.
He would receive his Assignment fourth.
Fiona, Eighteen, was on his left; on his other side sat
Twenty, a male named Pierre whom Jonas didn't like much.
Pierre was very serious, not much fun, and a worrier and
tattletale, too. "Have you checked the rules, Jonas?" Pierre
was always whispering solemnly. "I'm not sure that's within
the rules." Usually it was some foolish thing that no one
cared about — opening his tunic if it was a day with a
breeze; taking a brief try on a friend's bicycle, just to
experience the different feel of it.
The initial speech at the Ceremony of Twelve was made
by the Chief Elder, the leader of the community who was
elected every ten years. The speech was much the same each
year: recollection of the time of childhood and the period of
preparation, the coming responsibilities of adult life, the
profound importance of Assignment, the seriousness of
training to come.
Then the Chief Elder moved ahead in her speech.
"This is the time," she began, looking directly at them, when
we acknowledge differences. You Elevens have spent all
your years till now learning to fit in, to standard-
ize your behavior, to curb any impulse that might set you
apart from the group.
"But today we honor your differences. They have deter-
mined your futures."
She began to describe this year's group and its variety of
personalities, though she singled no one out by name. She
mentioned that there was one who had singular skills at
caretaking, another who loved newchildren, one with un-
usual scientific aptitude, and a fourth for whom physical
labor was an obvious pleasure. Jonas shifted in his seat,
trying to recognize each reference as one of his group-
mates. The caretaking skills were no doubt those of Fiona,
on his left; he remembered noticing the tenderness with
which she had bathed the Old. Probably the one with sci-
entific aptitude was Benjamin, the male who had devised
new, important equipment for the Rehabilitation Center.
He heard nothing that he recognized as himself, Jonas.
Finally the Chief Elder paid tribute to the hard work of
her committee, which had performed the observations so
meticulously all year. The Committee of Elders stood and
was acknowledged by applause. Jonas noticed Asher yawn
slightly, covering his mouth politely with his hand.
Then, at last, the Chief Elder called number One to the
stage, and the Assignments began.
Each announcement was lengthy, accompanied by a
speech directed at the new Twelve. Jonas tried to pay at-
tention as One, smiling happily, received her Assignment as
Fish Hatchery Attendant along with words of praise for her
childhood spent doing many volunteer hours there, and her
obvious interest in the important process of providing
nourishment for the community.
Number One — her name was Madeline — returned,
finally, amidst applause, to her seat, wearing the new
badge that designated her Fish Hatchery Attendant. Jonas
was certainly glad that that Assignment was taken; he
wouldn't have wanted it. But he gave Madeline a smile of
When Two, a female named Inger, received her Assign-
ment as Birthmother, Jonas remembered that his mother
had called it a job without honor. But he thought that the
Committee had chosen well. Inger was a nice girl though
somewhat lazy, and her body was strong. She would enjoy
the three years of being pampered that would follow her
brief training; she would give birth easily and well; and the
task of Laborer that would follow would use her strength,
keep her healthy, and impose self-discipline. Inger was
smiling when she resumed her seat. Birthmother was an
important job, if lacking in prestige.
Jonas noticed that Asher looked nervous. He kept turn-
ing his head and glancing back at Jonas until the group
leader had to give him a silent chastisement, a motion to
sit still and face forward.
Three, Isaac, was given an Assignment as Instructor of
Sixes, which obviously pleased him and was well deserved.
Now there were three Assignments gone, none of them
ones that Jonas would have liked — not that he could have
been a Birthmother, anyway, he realized with amusement.
He tried to sort through the list in his mind, the possible
Assignments that remained. But there were so many he
gave it up; and anyway, now it was Asher's turn. He paid
strict attention as his friend went to the stage and stood
self-consciously beside the Chief Elder.
"All of us in the community know and enjoy Asher," the
Chief Elder began. Asher grinned and scratched one leg
with the other foot. The audience chuckled softly.
"When the committee began to consider Asher's
Assignment," she went on, "there were some possibilities
that were immediately discarded. Some that would clearly,
not have been right for Asher.
"For example," she said, smiling, "we did not consider
for an instant designating Asher an Instructor of Threes."
The audience howled with laughter. Asher laughed, too,
looking sheepish but pleased at the special attention. The
Instructors of Threes were in charge of the acquisition of
"In fact," the Chief Elder continued, chuckling a little
herself, "we even gave a little thought to some retroactive
chastisement for the one who had been Asher's Instructor of
Threes so long ago. At the meeting where Asher was
discussed, we retold many of the stories that we all re-
membered from his days of language acquisition.
"Especially," she said, chuckling, "the difference between
snack and smack. Remember, Asher?"
Asher nodded ruefully, and the audience laughed aloud.
Jonas did, too. He remembered, though he had been only a
Three at the time himself.
The punishment used for small children was a regulated
system of smacks with the discipline wand: a thin, flexible
weapon that stung painfully when it was wielded. The
Childcare specialists were trained very carefully in the dis-
cipline methods: a quick smack across the hands for a bit of
minor misbehavior; three sharper smacks on the bare legs
for a second offense.
Poor Asher, who always talked too fast and mixed up
words, even as a toddler. As a Three, eager for his juice and
crackers at snacktime, he one day said "smack" in-stead of
"snack" as he stood waiting in line for the morning treat.
Jonas remembered it clearly. He could still see little
Asher, wiggling with impatience in the line. He remembered
the cheerful voice call out, "I want my smack!"
The other Threes, including Jonas, had laughed ner-
vously. "Snack!" they corrected. "You meant snack, Asher!"
But the mistake had been made. And precision of language
was one of the most important tasks of small children. Asher
had asked for a smack.
The discipline wand, in the hand of the Childcare worker,
whistled as it came down across Asher's hands. Asher
whimpered, cringed, and corrected himself instantly.
"Snack," he whispered.
But the next morning he had done it again. And again the
following week. He couldn't seem to stop, though for each
lapse the discipline wand came again, escalating to a series
of painful lashes that left marks on Asher's legs. Eventually,
for a period of time, Asher stopped talking altogether, when
he was a Three.
"For a while," the Chief Elder said, relating the story, we
had a silent Asher! But he learned."
She turned to him with a smile. "When he began to talk
again, it was with greater precision. And now his lapses are
very few. His corrections and apologies are very prompt.
And his good humor is unfailing." The audience murmured
in agreement. Asher's cheerful disposition was well-known
throughout the community.
"Asher." She lifted her voice to make the official an-
nouncement. "We have given you the Assignment of As-
sistant Director of Recreation."
She clipped on his new badge as he stood beside her,
beaming. Then he turned and left the stage as the audience
cheered. When he had taken his seat again, the Chief Elder
looked down at him and said the words that she had said
now four times, and would say to each new Twelve.
Somehow she gave it special meaning for each of them.
"Asher," she said, "thank you for your childhood."
The Assignments continued, and Jonas watched and lis-
tened, relieved now by the wonderful Assignment his best
friend had been given. But he was more and more appre-
hensive as his own approached. Now the new Twelves in
the row ahead had all received their badges. They were
fingering them as they sat, and Jonas knew that each one
was thinking about the training that lay ahead. For some —
one studious male had been selected as Doctor, a female as
Engineer, and another for Law and Justice — it would be
years of hard work and study. Others, like Laborers and
Birthmothers, would have a much shorter training period.
Eighteen, Fiona, on his left, was called. Jonas knew she
must be nervous, but Fiona was a calm female. She had
been sitting quietly, serenely, throughout the Ceremony.
Even the applause, though enthusiastic, seemed serene
when Fiona was given the important Assignment of Care-
taker of the Old. It was perfect for such a sensitive, gentle
girl, and her smile was satisfied and pleased when she took
her seat beside him again.
Jonas prepared himself to walk to the stage when the
applause ended and the Chief Elder picked up the next
folder and looked down to the group to call forward the
next new Twelve. He was calm now that his turn had come.
He took a deep breath and smoothed his hair with his hand.
"Twenty," he heard her voice say clearly. "Pierre."
She skipped me, Jonas thought, stunned. Had he heard
wrong? No. There was a sudden hush in the crowd, and he
knew that the entire community realized that the Chief
Elder had moved from Eighteen to Twenty, leaving a gap.
On his right, Pierre, with a startled look, rose from his seat
and moved to the stage.
A mistake. She made a mistake. But Jonas knew, even as
he had the thought, that she hadn't. The Chief Elder made
no mistakes. Not at the Ceremony of Twelve.
He felt dizzy, and couldn't focus his attention. He didn't
hear what Assignment Pierre received, and was only dimly
aware of the applause as the boy returned, wearing his new
badge. Then: Twenty-one. Twenty-two.
The numbers continued in order. Jonas sat, dazed, as they
moved into the Thirties and then the Forties, nearing the
end. Each time, at each announcement, his heart jumped for
a moment, and he thought wild thoughts. Perhaps now she
would call his name. Could he have forgotten his own
number? No. He had always been Nineteen. He was sitting
in the seat marked Nineteen.
But she had skipped him. He saw the others in his group
glance at him, embarrassed, and then avert their eyes
quickly. He saw a worried look on the face of his group
He hunched his shoulders and tried to make himself
smaller in the seat. He wanted to disappear, to fade away,
not to exist. He didn't dare to turn and find his parents in
the crowd. He couldn't bear to see their faces darkened with
Jonas bowed his head and searched through his mind.
What had he done wrong?
The audience was clearly ill at ease. They applauded at the
final Assignment; but the applause was piecemeal, no
longer a crescendo of united enthusiasm. There were mur-
murs of confusion.
Jonas moved his hands together, clapping, but it was an
automatic, meaningless gesture that he wasn't even aware
of. His mind had shut out all of the earlier emotions: the
anticipation, excitement, pride, and even the happy kinship
with his friends. Now he felt only humiliation and terror.
The Chief Elder waited until the uneasy applause sub-
sided. Then she spoke again.
"I know," she said in her vibrant, gracious voice, "that
you are all concerned. That you feel I have made a mis-
She smiled. The community, relieved from its discom-
fort very slightly by her benign statement, seemed to
breathe more easily. It was very silent.
Jonas looked up.
"I have caused you anxiety," she said. "I apologize to
my community." Her voice flowed over the assembled
"We accept your apology," they all uttered together.
"Jonas," she said, looking down at him, "I apologize to
you in particular. I caused you anguish."
"I accept your apology," Jonas replied shakily.
"Please come to the stage now."
Earlier that day, dressing in his own dwelling, he had
practiced the kind of jaunty, self-assured walk that he hoped
he could make to the stage when his turn came. All of that
was forgotten now. He simply willed himself to stand, to
move his feet that felt weighted and clumsy, to go forward,
up the steps and across the platform until he stood at her
Reassuringly she placed her arm across his tense
"Jonas has not been assigned," she informed the crowd,
and his heart sank.
Then she went on. "Jonas has been selected. "
He blinked. What did that mean? He felt a collective,
questioning stir from the audience. They, too, were puzzled.
In a firm, commanding voice she announced, "Jonas has
been selected to be our next Receiver of Memory."
Then he heard the gasp — the sudden intake of breath,
drawn sharply in astonishment, by each of the seated citi-
zens. He saw their faces; the eyes widened in awe.
And still he did not understand.
"Such a selection is very, very rare," the Chief Elder told
the audience. "Our community has only one Receiver. It is
he who trains his successor.
"We have had our current Receiver for a very long time,"
she went on. Jonas followed her eyes and saw that
she was looking at one of the Elders. The Committee of
Elders was sitting together in a group; and the Chief Elder's
eyes were now on one who sat in the midst but seemed oddly
separate from them. It was a man Jonas had never noticed
before, a bearded man with pale eyes. He was watching
"We failed in our last selection," the Chief Elder said
solemnly. "It was ten years ago, when Jonas was just a
toddler. I will not dwell on the experience because it causes
us all terrible discomfort."
Jonas didn't know what she was referring to, but he could
sense the discomfort of the audience. They shifted uneasily
in their seats.
"We have not been hasty this time," she continued. "We
could not afford another failure."
"Sometimes," she went on, speaking now in a lighter
tone, relaxing the tension in the Auditorium, "we are not
entirely certain about the Assignments, even after the most
painstaking observations. Sometimes we worry that the one
assigned might not develop, through training, every
attribute necessary. Elevens are still children, after all. What
we observe as playfulness and patience — the requirements
to become Nurturer — could, with maturity, be revealed as
simply foolishness and indolence. So we continue to
observe during training, and to modify behavior when
"But the Receiver-in-training cannot be observed, can-
not be modified. That is stated quite clearly in the rules. He
is to be alone, apart, while he is prepared by the cur-rent
Receiver for the job which is the most honored in our
Alone? Apart? Jonas listened with increasing unease.
"Therefore the selection must be sound. It must be a
unanimous choice of the Committee. They can have no
doubts, however fleeting. If, during the process, an Elder
reports a dream of uncertainty, that dream has the power to
set a candidate aside instantly.
"Jonas was identified as a possible Receiver many years
ago. We have observed him meticulously. There were no
dreams of uncertainty.
"He has shown all of the qualities that a Receiver must
With her hand still firmly on his shoulder, the Chief
Elder listed the qualities.
"Intelligence," she said. "We are all aware that Jonas
has been a top student throughout his school days.
''Integrity,” she said next. "Jonas has, like all of us,
committed minor transgressions." She smiled at him. "We
expect that. We hoped, also, that he would present himself
promptly for chastisement, and he has always done so.
"Courage, " she went on. "Only one of us here today has
ever undergone the rigorous training required of a Receiver.
He, of course, is the most important member of the
Committee: the current Receiver. It was he who reminded
us, again and again, of the courage required.
"Jonas," she said, turning to him, but speaking in a voice
that the entire community could hear, "the training required
of you involves pain. Physical pain."
He felt fear flutter within him.
"You have never experienced that. Yes, you have
scraped your knees in falls from your bicycle. Yes, you
crushed your finger in a door last year."
Jonas nodded, agreeing, as he recalled the incident, and
its accompanying misery.
"But you will be faced, now," she explained gently,
“with pain of a magnitude that none of us here can com-
prehend because it is beyond our experience. The Receiver
himself was not able to describe it, only to remind us that
you would be faced with it, that you would need immense
courage. We cannot prepare you for that.
"But we feel certain that you are brave," she said to
He did not feel brave at all. Not now.
"The fourth essential attribute," the Chief Elder said, "is
wisdom. Jonas has not yet acquired that. The acquisition
of wisdom will come through his training.
"We are convinced that Jonas has the ability to acquire
wisdom. That is what we looked for.
"Finally, The Receiver must have one more quality, and
it is one which I can only name, but not describe. I do not
understand it. You members of the community will not
understand it, either. Perhaps Jonas will, because the
current Receiver has told us that Jonas already has this
quality. He calls it the Capacity to See Beyond."
The Chief Elder looked at Jonas with a question in her
eyes. The audience watched him, too. They were silent.
For a moment he froze, consumed with despair. He
didn't have it, the whatever-she-had-said. He didn't know
what it was. Now was the moment when he would have to
confess, to say, "No, I don't. I can't," and throw himself on
their mercy, ask their forgiveness, to explain that he had
been wrongly chosen, that he was not the right one at all.
But when he looked out across the crowd, the sea of
faces, the thing happened again. The thing that had hap-
pened with the apple.
He blinked, and it was gone. His shoulders straightened
slightly. Briefly he felt a tiny sliver of sureness for the first
She was still watching him. They all were.
"I think it's true," he told the Chief Elder and the com-
munity. "I don't understand it yet. I don't know what it is.
But sometimes I see something. And maybe it's beyond."
She took her arm from his shoulders.
"Jonas," she said, speaking not to him alone but to the
entire community of which he was a part, "you will be
trained to be our next Receiver of Memory. We thank you
for your childhood."
Then she turned and left the stage, left him there alone,
standing and facing the crowd, which began spontaneously
the collective murmur of his name.
"Jonas." It was a whisper at first: hushed, barely audi-
ble. "Jonas. Jonas."
Then louder, faster. "JONAS. JONAS. JONAS."
With the chant, Jonas knew, the community was ac-
cepting him and his new role, giving him life, the way they
had given it to the newchild Caleb. His heart swelled with
gratitude and pride.
But at the same time he was filled with fear. He did not
know what his selection meant. He did not know what he
was to become.
Or what would become of him.
Now, for the first time in his twelve years of life, Jonas felt
separate, different. He remembered what the Chief Elder
had said: that his training would be alone and apart.
But his training had not yet begun and already, upon
leaving the Auditorium, he felt the apartness. Holding the
folder she had given him, he made his way through the
throng, looking for his family unit and for Asher. People
moved aside for him. They watched him. He thought he
could hear whispers.
"Ash!" he called, spotting his friend near the rows of
bicycles. "Ride back with me?"
"Sure." Asher smiled, his usual smile, friendly and fa-
miliar. But Jonas felt a moment of hesitation from his
friend, an uncertainty.
"Congratulations," Asher said.
"You too," Jonas replied. "It was really funny, when
she told about the smacks. You got more applause than
almost anybody else."
The other new Twelves clustered nearby, placing their
folders carefully into the carrying containers on the backs
of the bikes. In each dwelling tonight they would be
studying the instructions for the beginning of their training.
Each night for years the children had memorized the
required lessons for school, often yawning with boredom.
Tonight they would all begin eagerly to memorize the rules
for their adult Assignments.
"Congratulations, Asher!" someone called. Then that
hesitation again. "You too, Jonas!"
Asher and Jonas responded with congratulations to their
groupmates. Jonas saw his parents watching him from the
place where their own bicycles were waiting. Lily had
already been strapped into her seat.
He waved. They waved back, smiling, but he noticed
that Lily was watching him solemnly, her thumb in her
He rode directly to his dwelling, exchanging only small
jokes and unimportant remarks with Asher.
"See you in the morning, Recreation Director!" he
called, dismounting by his door as Asher continued on.
"Right! See you!" Asher called back. Once again, there
was just a moment when things weren't quite the same,
weren't quite as they had always been through the long
friendship. Perhaps he had imagined it. Things couldn't
change, with Asher.
The evening meal was quieter than usual. Lily chattered
about her plans for volunteer work; she would begin, she
said, at the Nurturing Center, since she was already an ex-
pert at feeding Gabriel.
"I know," she added quickly, when her father gave her a
warning glance, "I won't mention his name. I know I'm not
supposed to know his name.
"I can't wait for tomorrow to come," she said happily.
Jonas sighed uneasily. "I can," he muttered.
"You've been greatly honored," his mother said. "Your
father and I are very proud."
"It's the most important job in the community," Father
"But just the other night, you said that the job of making
Assignments was the most important!"
Mother nodded. "This is different. It's not a job, really. I
never thought, never expected — " She paused. "There's
only one Receiver."
"But the Chief Elder said that they had made a selection
before, and that it failed. What was she talking about?"
Both of his parents hesitated. Finally his father de-
scribed the previous selection. "It was very much as it was
today, Jonas — the same suspense, as one Eleven had been
passed over when the Assignments were given. Then the
announcement, when they singled out the one — "
Jonas interrupted. "What was his name?"
His mother replied, "Her, not his. It was a female. But
we are never to speak the name, or to use it again for a
Jonas was shocked. A name designated Not-to-Be-
Spoken indicated the highest degree of disgrace.
"What happened to her?" he asked nervously.
But his parents looked blank. "We don't know," his fa-
ther said uncomfortably. "We never saw her again."
A silence fell over the room. They looked at each other.
Finally his mother, rising from the table, said, "You've
been greatly honored, Jonas. Greatly honored."
Alone in his sleepingroom, prepared for bed, Jonas opened
his folder at last. Some of the other Twelves, he had no-
ticed, had been given folders thick with printed pages. He
imagined Benjamin, the scientific male in his group, be-
ginning to read pages of rules and instructions with relish.
He pictured Fiona smiling her gentle smile as she bent over
the lists of duties and methods that she would be required to
learn in the days to come.
But his own folder was startlingly close to empty. Inside
there was only a single printed sheet. He read it twice.
RECEIVER OF MEMORY
1 . Go immediately at the end of school hours each
day to the Annex entrance behind the House of the
Old and present yourself to the attendant.
2. Go immediately to your dwelling at the con-
clusion of Training Hours each day.
3. From this moment you are exempted from rules
governing rudeness. You may ask any question of
any citizen and you will receive answers.
4. Do not discuss your training with any other
member of the community, including parents and
5. From this moment you are prohibited from
6. Except for illness or injury unrelated to your
training, do not apply for any medication.
7. You are not permitted to apply for release.
Jonas was stunned. What would happen to his friend-
ships? His mindless hours playing ball, or riding his bike
along the river? Those had been happy and vital times for
him. Were they to be completely taken from him, now? The
simple logistic instructions — where to go, and when —
were expected. Every Twelve had to be told, of course,
where and how and when to report for training. But he was a
little dismayed that his schedule left no time, apparently, for
The exemption from rudeness startled him. Reading it
again, however, he realized that it didn't compel him to be
rude; it simply allowed him the option. He was quite certain
he would never take advantage of it. He was so completely,
so thoroughly accustomed to courtesy within the community
that the thought of asking another citizen an intimate
question, of calling someone's attention to an area of
awkwardness, was unnerving.
The prohibition of dream-telling, he thought, would not be
a real problem. He dreamed so rarely that the dream-telling
did not come easily to him anyway, and he was glad to be
excused from it. He wondered briefly, though, how to deal
with it at the morning meal. What if he did dream — should
he simply tell his family unit, as he did so often, anyway,
that he hadn't? That would be a lie. Still, the final rule said ...
well, he wasn't quite ready to think about the final rule on
The restriction of medication unnerved him. Medication
was always available to citizens, even to children, through
their parents. When he had crushed his finger in the door, he
had quickly, gasping into the speaker, notified his mother;
she had hastily requisitioned relief-of-pain
8. You may lie.
medication which had promptly been delivered to his
dwelling. Almost instantly the excruciating pain in his hand
had diminished to the throb which was, now, all he could
recall of the experience.
Re-reading rule number 6, he realized that a crushed
finger fell into the category of "unrelated to training." So if it
ever happened again — and he was quite certain it wouldn't;
he had been very careful near heavy doors since the
accident! — he could still receive medication.
The pill he took now, each morning, was also unrelated to
training. So he would continue to receive the pill.
But he remembered uneasily what the Chief Elder had
said about the pain that would come with his training. She
had called it indescribable.
Jonas swallowed hard, trying without success to imagine
what such pain might be like, with no medication at all. But
it was beyond his comprehension.
He felt no reaction to rule number 7 at all. It had never
occurred to him that under any circumstances, ever, he might
apply for release.
Finally he steeled himself to read the final rule again. He
had been trained since earliest childhood, since his earliest
learning of language, never to lie. It was an integral part of
the learning of precise speech. Once, when he had been a
Four, he had said, just prior to the midday meal at school,
Immediately he had been taken aside for a brief private
lesson in language precision. He was not starving, it was
pointed out. He was hungry. No one in the community was
starving, had ever been starving, would ever be starving. To
say "starving" was to speak a lie. An uninten-
tioned lie, of course. But the reason for precision of
language was to ensure that unintentional lies were never
uttered. Did he understand that' they asked him. And he
He had never, within his memory, been tempted to lie.
Asher did not lie. Fily did not lie. His parents did not lie.
No one did. Unless ...
Now Jonas had a thought that he had never had before.
This new thought was frightening. What if others — adults
— had, upon becoming Twelves, received in their
instructions the same terrifying sentence?
What if they had all been instructed: You may lie?
His mind reeled. Now, empowered to ask questions of
utmost rudeness — and promised answers — he could,
conceivably (though it was almost unimaginable), ask
someone, some adult, his father perhaps: "Do you lie?-
But he would have no way of knowing if the answer he
received were true.
"I go in here, Jonas," Fiona told him when they reached
the front door of the House of the Old after parking their
bicycles in the designated area.
"I don't know why I'm nervous," she confessed. "I've
been here so often before." She turned her folder over in
"Well, everything's different now," Jonas reminded her.
"Even the nameplates on our bikes," Fiona laughed.
During the night the nameplate of each new Twelve had
been removed by the Maintenance Crew and replaced with
the style that indicated citizen-in-training.
"I don't want to be late," she said hastily, and started up
the steps. "If we finish at the same time, I'll ride home with
Jonas nodded, waved to her, and headed around the
building toward the Annex, a small wing attached to the
back. He certainly didn't want to be late for his first day of
The Annex was very ordinary, its door unremarkable. He
reached for the heavy handle, then noticed a buzzer on the
wall. So he buzzed instead.
"Yes?" The voice came through a small speaker above
"It's, uh, Jonas. I'm the new — I mean — "
„Come in.” A click indicated that the door had been
The lobby was very small and contained only a desk at
which a female Attendant sat working on some papers. She
looked up when he entered; then, to his surprise, she stood.
It was a small thing, the standing; but no one had ever
stood automatically to acknowledge Jonas's presence
"Welcome, Receiver of Memory," she said respectfully.
"Oh, please," he replied uncomfortably. "Call me
She smiled, pushed a button, and he heard a click that
unlocked the door to her left. "You may go right on in,"
she told him.
Then she seemed to notice his discomfort and to realize
its origin. No doors in the community were locked, ever.
None that Jonas knew of, anyway.
"The locks are simply to insure The Receiver's privacy
because he needs concentration," she explained. "It would
be difficult if citizens wandered in, looking for the Depart-
ment of Bicycle Repair, or something."
Jonas laughed, relaxing a little. The woman seemed
very friendly, and it was true — in fact it was a joke
throughout the community — that the Department of Bi-
cycle Repair, an unimportant little office, was relocated so
often that no one ever knew where it was.
"There is nothing dangerous here," she told him. "But,"
she added, glancing at the wall clock, "he doesn't like to
be kept waiting."
Jonas hurried through the door and found himself in a
comfortably furnished living area. It was not unlike his own
family unit's dwelling. Furniture was standard throughout
the community: practical, sturdy, the function of each piece
clearly defined. A bed for sleeping. A table for eating. A
desk for studying.
All of those things were in this spacious room, though
each was slightly different from those in his own dwelling.
The fabrics on the upholstered chairs and sofa were slightly
thicker and more luxurious; the table legs were not straight
like those at home, but slender and curved, with a small
carved decoration at the foot. The bed, in an alcove at the
far end of the room, was draped with a splendid cloth
embroidered over its entire surface with intricate de-signs.
But the most conspicuous difference was the books. In
his own dwelling, there were the necessary reference vol-
umes that each household contained: a dictionary, and the
thick community volume which contained descriptions of
every office, factory, building, and committee. And the
Book of Rules, of course.
The books in his own dwelling were the only books that
Jonas had ever seen. He had never known that other books
But this room's walls were completely covered by
bookcases, filled, which reached to the ceiling. There must
have been hundreds — perhaps thousands — of books, their
titles embossed in shiny letters.
Jonas stared at them. He couldn't imagine what the
thousands of pages contained. Could there be rules beyond
the rules that governed the community? Could there be
more descriptions of offices and factories and committees?
He had only a second to look around because he was
aware that the man sitting in a chair beside the table was
watching him. Hastily he moved forward, stood before the
man, bowed slightly, and said, "I'm Jonas."
"I know. Welcome, Receiver of Memory."
Jonas recognized the man. He was the Elder who had
seemed separate from the others at the Ceremony, though
he was dressed in the same special clothing that only
Jonas looked self-consciously into the pale eyes that
mirrored his own.
"Sir, I apologize for my lack of understanding...."
He waited, but the man did not give the standard
After a moment, Jonas went on, "But I thought — I
mean I think, " he corrected, reminding himself that if pre-
cision of language were ever to be important, it was cer-
tainly important now, in the presence of this man, "that you
are the receiver of Memory. I'm only, well, I was only
assigned, I mean selected, yesterday. I'm not anything at
all. Not yet."
The man looked at him thoughtfully, silently. It was a
look that combined interest, curiosity, concern, and per-
haps a little sympathy as well.
Finally he spoke. "Beginning today, this moment, at
least to me, you are The Receiver.
"I have been The Receiver for a long time. A very, very
long time. You can see that, can't you?"
Jonas nodded. The man was wrinkled, and his eyes,
though piercing in their unusual lightness, seemed tired.
The flesh around them was darkened into shadowed circles.
"I can see that you are very old," Jonas responded with
respect. The Old were always given the highest respect.
The man smiled. He touched the sagging flesh on his
own face with amusement. "I am not, actually, as old as I
look," he told Jonas. "This job has aged me. I know I look
as if I should be scheduled for release very soon. But actu-
ally I have a good deal of time left.
"I was pleased, though, when you were selected. It took
them a long time. The failure of the previous selection was
ten years ago, and my energy is starting to diminish. I need
what strength I have remaining for your training. We have
hard and painful work to do, you and I.
"Please sit down," he said, and gestured toward the
nearby chair. Jonas lowered himself onto the soft cushioned
The man closed his eyes and continued speaking. "When
I became a Twelve, I was selected, as you were. I was
frightened, as I'm sure you are." He opened his eyes for a
moment and peered at Jonas, who nodded.
The eyes closed again. "I came to this very room to
begin my training. It was such a long time ago.
"The previous Receiver seemed just as old to me as I do
to you. He was just as tired as I am today."
He sat forward suddenly, opened his eyes, and said,
"You may ask questions. I have so little experience in de-
scribing this process. It is forbidden to talk of it."
"I know, sir. I have read the instructions," Jonas said.
"So I may neglect to make things as clear as I should."
The man chuckled. "My job is important and has enormous
honor. But that does not mean I am perfect, and
when I tried before to train a successor, I failed. Please ask
any questions that will help you."
In his mind, Jonas had questions. A thousand. A million
questions. As many questions as there were books lining
the walls. But he did not ask one, not yet.
The man sighed, seeming to put his thoughts in order.
Then he spoke again. "Simply stated," he said, "although
it's not really simple at all, my job is to transmit to you all
the memories I have within me. Memories of the past."
"Sir," Jonas said tentatively, "I would be very interested
to hear the story of your life, and to listen to your
"I apologize for interrupting," he added quickly.
The man waved his hand impatiently. "No apologies in
this room. We haven't time."
"Well," Jonas went on, uncomfortably aware that he
might be interrupting again, "I am really interested, I don't
mean that I'm not. But I don't exactly understand why it's
so important. I could do some adult job in the community,
and in my recreation time I could come and listen to the
stories from your childhood. I'd like that. Actually," he
added, "I've done that already, in the House of the Old.
The Old like to tell about their childhoods, and it's always
fun to listen."
The man shook his head. "No, no," he said. "I'm not
being clear. It's not my past, not my childhood that I must
transmit to you.
He leaned back, resting his head against the back of the
upholstered chair. "It's the memories of the whole world,"
he said with a sigh. "Before you, before me, before the
previous Receiver, and generations before him."
Jonas frowned. "The whole world?" he asked. "I don't
understand. Do you mean not just us? Not just the
community? Do you mean Elsewhere, too?-" He tried, in
his mind, to grasp the concept. "I'm sorry, sir. I don't under-
stand exactly. Maybe I'm not smart enough. I don't know
what you mean when you say 'the whole world' or 'gener-
ations before him.' I thought there was only us. I thought
there was only now."
"There's much more. There's all that goes beyond — all
that is Elsewhere — and all that goes back, and back, and
back. I received all of those, when I was selected. And here
in this room, all alone, I re-experience them again and again.
It is how wisdom comes. And how we shape our future."
He rested for a moment, breathing deeply. "I am so
weighted with them," he said.
Jonas felt a terrible concern for the man, suddenly.
"It's as if ... " The man paused, seeming to search his
mind for the right words of description. "It's like going
downhill through deep snow on a sled," he said, finally. "At
first it's exhilarating: the speed; the sharp, clear air; but
then the snow accumulates, builds up on the runners, and
you slow, you have to push hard to keep going, and — "
He shook his head suddenly, and peered at Jonas. "That
meant nothing to you, did it?" he asked.
Jonas was confused. "I didn't understand it, sir."
"Of course you didn't. You don't know what snow is, do
Jonas shook his head.
"Or a sled? Runners?"
"No, sir," Jonas said.
"Downhill? The term means nothing to you?"
Well, it's a place to start. I'd been wondering how to
begin. Move to the bed, and lie face down. Remove your
Jonas did so, a little apprehensively. Beneath his bare
chest, he felt the soft folds of the magnificent cloth that
covered the bed. He watched as the man rose and moved
first to the wall where the speaker was. It was the same
sort of speaker that occupied a place in every dwelling, but
one thing about it was different. This one had a switch,
which the man deftly snapped to the end that said OFF.
Jonas almost gasped aloud. To have the power to turn
the speaker off. It was an astonishing thing.
Then the man moved with surprising quickness to the
corner where the bed was. He sat on a chair beside Jonas,
who was motionless, waiting for what would happen next.
"Close your eyes. Relax. This will not be painful."
Jonas remembered that he was allowed, that he had even
been encouraged, to ask questions. "What are you going to
do, sir?" he asked, hoping that his voice didn't betray his
"I am going to transmit the memory of snow," the old
man said, and placed his hands on Jonas's bare back.
Jonas felt nothing unusual at first. He felt only the light
touch of the old man's hands on his back.
He tried to relax, to breathe evenly. The room was ab-
solutely silent, and for a moment Jonas feared that he might
disgrace himself now, on the first day of his training, by
Then he shivered. He realized that the touch of the hands
felt, suddenly, cold. At the same instant, breathing in, he felt
the air change, and his very breath was cold. He licked his
lips, and in doing so, his tongue touched the suddenly chilled
It was very startling; but he was not at all frightened,
now. He was filled with energy, and he breathed again,
feeling the sharp intake of frigid air. Now, too, he could feel
cold air swirling around his entire body. He felt it blow
against his hands where they lay at his sides, and over his
The touch of the man's hands seemed to have disap-
Now he became aware of an entirely new sensation:
pinpricks? No, because they were soft and without pain.
Tiny, cold, featherlike feelings peppered his body and face.
He put out his tongue again, and caught one of the
dots of cold upon it. It disappeared from his awareness in-
stantly; but he caught another, and another. The sensation
made him smile.
One part of his consciousness knew that he was still lying
there, on the bed, in the Annex room. Yet another, separate
part of his being was upright now, in a sitting position, and
beneath him he could feel that he was not on the soft
decorated bedcovering at all, but rather seated on a flat, hard
surface. His hands now held (though at the same time they
were still motionless at his sides) a rough, damp rope.
And he could see, though his eyes were closed. He could
see a bright, whirling torrent of crystals in the air around
him, and he could see them gather on the backs of his hands,
like cold fur.
His breath was visible.
Beyond, through the swirl of what he now, somehow,
perceived was the thing the old man had spoken of — snow
— he could look out and down a great distance. He was up
high someplace. The ground was thick with the furry snow,
but he sat slightly above it on a hard, flat object.
Sled, he knew abruptly. He was sitting on a thing called
sled. And the sled itself seemed to be poised at the top of a
long, extended mound that rose from the very land where he
was. Even as he thought the word "mound," his new
consciousness told him hill.
Then the sled, with Jonas himself upon it, began to move
through the snowfall, and he understood instantly that now
he was going downhill. No voice made an explanation. The
experience explained itself to him.
His face cut through the frigid air as he began the de-
scent, moving through the substance called snow on the
vehicle called sled, which propelled itself on what he now
knew without doubt to be runners.
Comprehending all of those things as he sped down-
ward, he was free to enjoy the breathless glee that over-
whelmed him: the speed, the clear cold air, the total silence,
the feeling of balance and excitement and peace.
Then, as the angle of incline lessened, as the mound —
the hill — flattened, nearing the bottom, the sled's for-ward
motion slowed. The snow was piled now around it, and he
pushed with his body, moving it forward, not wanting the
exhilarating ride to end.
Finally the obstruction of the piled snow was too much
for the thin runners of the sled, and he came to a stop. Fie
sat there for a moment, panting, holding the rope in his cold
hands. Tentatively he opened his eyes — not his snow-hill-
sled eyes, for they had been open throughout the strange
ride. Fie opened his ordinary eyes, and saw that he was still
on the bed, that he had not moved at all.
The old man, still beside the bed, was watching him.
'Flow do you fee" he asked.
Jonas sat up and tried to answer honestly. "Surprised,"
he said, after a moment.
The old man wiped his forehead with his sleeve.
"Whew," he said. "It was exhausting. But you know, even
transmitting that tiny memory to you — I think it lightened
me just a little."
"Do you mean — you did say I could ask questions:"
The man nodded, encouraging his question.
"Do you mean that now you don't have the memory of it
— of that ride on the sled — anymore?"
"That's right. A little weight off this old body."
"But it was such fun! And now you don't have it any-
more! I took it from you!"
But the old man laughed. "All I gave you was one ride,
on one sled, in one snow, on one hill. I have a whole world
of them in my memory. I could give them to you one by
one, a thousand times, and there would still be more."
"Are you saying that I — I mean we — could do it
again?" Jonas asked. "I'd really like to. I think I could
steer, by pulling the rope. I didn't try this time, because it
was so new.
The old man, laughing, shook his head. "Maybe an-
other day, for a treat. But there's no time, really, just to
play. I only wanted to begin by showing you how it works.
"Now," he said, turning businesslike, "Lie back down. I
want to — "
Jonas did. He was eager for whatever experience would
come next. But he had, suddenly, so many questions.
"Why don't we have snow, and sleds, and hills.'" he
asked. "And when did we, in the past? Did my parents have
sleds when they were young? Did you?"
The old man shrugged and gave a short laugh. "No," he
told Jonas. "It's a very distant memory. That's why it was
so exhausting — I had to tug it forward from many
generations back. It was given to me when I was a new
Receiver, and the previous Receiver had to pull it through a
long time period, too."
"But what happened to those things? Snow, and the rest
"Climate Control. Snow made growing food difficult,
limited the agricultural periods. And unpredictable weath-
er made transportation almost impossible at times. It wasn't
a practical thing, so it became obsolete when we went to
"And hills, too," he added. "They made conveyance of
goods unwieldy. Trucks; buses. Slowed them down. So — "
He waved his hand, as if a gesture had caused hills to
disappear. "Sameness," he concluded.
Jonas frowned. "I wish we had those things, still. Just
now and then."
The old man smiled. "So do I" he said. "But that choice
is not ours."
"But sir," Jonas suggested, "since you have so much
power — "
The man corrected him. "Honor," he said firmly. "I have
great honor. So will you. But you will find that that is not
the same as power.
"Lie quietly now. Since we've entered into the topic of
climate, let me give you something else. And this time I'm
not going to tell you the name of it, because I want to test
the receiving. You should be able to perceive the name
without being told. I gave away snow and sled and down-
hill and runners by telling them to you in advance."
Without being instructed, Jonas closed his eyes again.
He felt the hands on his back again. He waited.
Now it came more quickly, the feelings. This time the
hands didn't become cold, but instead began to feel warm
on his body. They moistened a little. The warmth spread,
extending across his shoulders, up his neck, onto the side of
his face. He could feel it through his clothed parts, too: a
pleasant, all-over sensation; and when he licked his lips
this time, the air was hot and heavy.
He didn't move. There was no sled. His posture didn't
change. He was simply alone someplace, out of doors,
lying down, and the warmth came from far above. It was
not as exciting as the ride through the snowy air; but it was
pleasurable and comforting.
Suddenly he perceived the word for it: sunshine. He
perceived that it came from the sky.
Then it ended.
"Sunshine,” he said aloud, opening his eyes.
"Good. You did get the word. That makes my job easier.
Not so much explaining."
"And it came from the sky."
"That's right," the old man said. "Just the way it used to.
"Before Sameness. Before Climate Control," Jonas
The man laughed. "You receive well, and learn quickly.
I'm very pleased with you. That's enough for today, I think.
We're off to a good start."
There was a question bothering Jonas. "Sir," he said,
"The Chief Elder told me — she told everyone — and you
told me, too, that it would be painful. So I was a little
scared. But it didn't hurt at all. I really enjoyed it." He
looked quizzically at the old man.
The man sighed. "I started you with memories of pleas-
ure. My previous failure gave me the wisdom to do that."
He took a few deep breaths. "Jonas," he said, "it will be
painful. But it need not be painful yet."
"I'm brave. I really am." Jonas sat up a little straighten
The old man looked at him for a moment. He smiled.
"I can see that," he said. "Well, since you asked the ques-
tion — I think I have enough energy for one more trans-
"Lie down once more. This will be the last today."
Jonas obeyed cheerfully. He closed his eyes, waiting,
and felt the hands again; then he felt the warmth again, the
sunshine again, coming from the sky of this other con-
sciousness that was so new to him. This time, as he lay
basking in the wonderful warmth, he felt the passage of
time. His real self was aware that it was only a minute or
two; but his other, memory-receiving self felt hours pass in
the sun. His skin began to sting. Restlessly he moved one
arm, bending it, and felt a sharp pain in the crease of his
inner arm at the elbow.
"Ouch," he said loudly, and shifted on the bed.
"Owwww," he said, wincing at the shift, and even mm - ing
his mouth to speak made his face hurt.
He knew there was a word, but the pain kept him from
Then it ended. He opened his eyes, wincing with dis-
comfort. "It hurt," he told the man, "and I couldn't get the
word for it."
"It was sunburn," the old man told him.
"It hurt a lot, " Jonas said, "but I'm glad you gave it to
me. It was interesting. And now I understand better, what it
meant, that there would be pain."
The man didn't respond. He sat silently for a second.
Finally he said, "Get up, now. It's time for you to go home."
They both walked to the center of the room. Jonas put
his tunic back on. "Goodbye, sir," he said. "Thank you for
my first day."
The old man nodded to him. He looked drained, and a
"Sir?" Jonas said shyly.
"Yes? Do you have a question?-"
"It's just that I don't know your name. I thought you were
The Receiver, but you say that now I’m The Receiver. So I
don't know what to call you."
The man had sat back down in the comfortable uphol-
stered chair. He moved his shoulders around as if to ease
away an aching sensation. He seemed terribly weary.
"Call me The Giver," he told Jonas.
"You slept soundly, Jonas?" his mother asked at the
morning meal. "No dreams?"
Jonas simply smiled and nodded, not ready to lie, not
willing to tell the truth. "I slept very soundly," he said.
"I wish this one would," his father said, leaning down
from his chair to touch Gabriel's waving fist. The basket
was on the floor beside him; in its corner, beside Gabriel's
head, the stuffed hippo sat staring with its blank eyes.
"So do I," Mother said, rolling her eyes. "He's so fretful
Jonas had not heard the newchild during the night be-
cause as always, he had slept soundly. But it was not true
that he had no dreams.
Again and again, as he slept, he had slid down that
snow-covered hill. Always, in the dream, it seemed as if
there were a destination: a something — he could not
grasp what — that lay beyond the place where the
thickness of snow brought the sled to a stop.
He was left, upon awakening, with the feeling that he
wanted, even somehow needed, to reach the something that
waited in the distance. The feeling that it was good. That it
was welcoming. That it was significant.
But he did not know how to get there.
He tried to shed the leftover dream, gathering his
schoolwork and preparing for the day.
School seemed a little different today. The classes were
the same: language and communications; commerce and
industry; science and technology; civil procedures and gov-
ernment. But during the breaks for recreation periods and
the midday meal, the other new Twelves were abuzz with
descriptions of their first day of training. All of them talked
at once, interrupting each other, hastily making the required
apology for interrupting, then forgetting again in the
excitement of describing the new experiences.
Jonas listened. He was very aware of his own admoni-
tion not to discuss his training. But it would have been im-
possible, anyway. There was no way to describe to his
friends what he had experienced there in the Annex room.
How could you describe a sled without describing a hill and
snow; and how could you describe a hill and snow to
someone who had never felt height or wind or that feathery,
Even trained for years as they all had been in precision
of language, what words could you use which would give
another the experience of sunshine?
So it was easy for Jonas to be still and to listen.
After school hours he rode again beside Fiona to the
House of the Old.
"I looked for you yesterday," she told him, "so we could
ride home together. Your bike was still there, and I waited
for a little while. But it was getting late, so I went on
"I apologize for making you wait," Jonas said.
"I accept your apology," she replied automatically.
"I stayed a little longer than I expected," Jonas ex-
She pedaled forward silently, and he knew that she ex-
pected him to tell her why. She expected him to describe
his first day of training. But to ask would have fallen into
the category of rudeness.
"You've been doing so many volunteer hours with the
Old," Jonas said, changing the subject. "There won't be
much that you don't already know."
"Oh, there's lots to learn," Fiona replied. "There's ad-
ministrative work, and the dietary rules, and punishment
for disobedience — did you know that they use a disci-
pline wand on the Old, the same as for small children?
And there's occupational therapy, and recreational activi-
ties, and medications, and — "
They reached the building and braked their bikes.
"I really think I'll like it better than school," Fiona con-
"Me too," Jonas agreed, wheeling his bike into its
She waited for a second, as if, again, she expected him
to go on. Then she looked at her watch, waved, and hurried
toward the entrance.
Jonas stood for a moment beside his bike, startled. It
had happened again: the thing that he thought of now as
"seeing beyond." This time it had been Fiona who had
undergone that fleeting indescribable change. As he looked
up and toward her going through the door, it happened; she
changed. Actually, Jonas thought, trying to re-create it in
his mind, it wasn't Fiona in her entirety. It
seemed to be just her hair. And just for that flickering in-
He ran through it in his mind. It was clearly beginning to
happen more often. First, the apple a few weeks before. The
next time had been the faces in the audience at the
Auditorium, just two days ago. Now, today, Fiona's hair.
Frowning, Jonas walked toward the Annex. I will ask
The Giver, he decided.
The old man looked up, smiling, when Jonas entered the
room. He was already seated beside the bed, and he seemed
more energetic today, slightly renewed, and glad to see
"Welcome," he said. "We must get started. You're one
"I apologi — " Jonas began, and then stopped, flustered,
remembering there were to be no apologies.
He removed his tunic and went to the bed. "I'm one
minute late because something happened," he explained.
"And I'd like to ask you about it, if you don't mind."
You may ask me anything."
Jonas tried to sort it out in his mind so that he could
explain it clearly. "I think it's what you call seeing-beyond,"
The Giver nodded. "Describe it," he said.
Jonas told him about the experience with the apple.
Then the moment on the stage, when he had looked out
and seen the same phenomenon in the faces of the crowd.
"Then today, just now, outside, it happened with my
friend Fiona. She herself didn't change, exactly. But
something about her changed for a second. Her hair looked
different; but not in its shape, not in its length. I can't
quite — " Jonas paused, frustrated by his inability to grasp
and describe exactly what had occurred.
Finally he simply said, "It changed. I don't know how, or
"That's why I was one minute late," he concluded, and
looked questioningly at The Giver.
To his surprise, the old man asked him a question which
seemed unrelated to the seeing-beyond. "When I gave you
the memory yesterday, the first one, the ride on the sled,
did you look around?"
Jonas nodded. "Yes," he said, "but the stuff — I mean
the snow — in the air made it hard to see anything." "Did
you look at the sled?"
Jonas thought back. "No. I only felt it under me. I
dreamed of it last night, too. But I don't remember seeing
the sled in my dream, either. Just feeling it."
The Giver seemed to be thinking.
"When I was observing you, before the selection, I per-
ceived that you probably had the capacity, and what you
describe confirms that. It happened somewhat differently to
me," The Giver told him. "When I was just your age —
about to become the new Receiver — I began to experience
it, though it took a different form. With me it was ... well, I
won't describe that now; you wouldn't under-stand it yet.
"But I think I can guess how it's happening with you.
Let me just make a little test, to confirm my guess. Lie
Jonas lay on the bed again with his hands at his sides.
He felt comfortable here now. He closed his eyes and
waited for the familiar feel of The Giver's hands on his
But it didn't come. Instead, The Giver instructed him,
"Call back the memory of the ride on the sled. Just the be-
ginning of it, where you're at the top of the hill, before the
slide starts. And this time, look down at the sled."
Jonas was puzzled. He opened his eyes. "Excuse me," he
asked politely, "but don't you have to give me the
"It's your memory, now, It's not mine to experience any
longer. I gave it away."
"But how can I call it back?"
"You can remember last year, or the year that you were
a Seven, or a Five, can't you?"
"It's much the same. Everyone in the community has
one-generation memories like those. But now you will be
able to go back farther. Try. Just concentrate."
Jonas closed his eyes again. He took a deep breath and
sought the sled and the hill and the snow in his conscious-
There they were, with no effort. He was again sitting in
that whirling world of snowflakes, atop the hill.
Jonas grinned with delight, and blew his own steamy
breath into view. Then, as he had been instructed, he
looked down. He saw his own hands, furred again with
snow, holding the rope. He saw his legs, and moved them
aside for a glimpse of the sled beneath.
Dumbfounded, he stared at it. This time it was not a
fleeting impression. This time the sled had — and contin-
ued to have, as he blinked, and stared at it again — that
same mysterious quality that the apple had had so briefly.
And Fiona's hair. The sled did not change. It simply was —
whatever the thing was.
Jonas opened his eyes and was still on the bed. The
Giver was watching him curiously.
"Yes," Jonas said slowly. "I saw it, in the sled."
"Let me try one more thing. Look over there, to the
bookcase. Do you see the very top row of books, the ones
behind the table, on the top shelf?"
Jonas sought them with his eyes. He stared at them, and
they changed. But the change was fleeting. It slipped away
the next instant.
"It happened," Jonas said. "It happened to the books, but
it went away again."
"I'm right, then," The Giver said. "You're beginning to
see the color red."
The Giver sighed. "How to explain this? Once, back in
the time of the memories, everything had a shape and size,
the way things still do, but they also had a quality called
"There were a lot of colors, and one of them was called
red. That's the one you are starting to see. Your friend
Fiona has red hair — quite distinctive, actually; I've noticed
it before. When you mentioned Fiona's hair, it was the clue
that told me you were probably beginning to see the color
"And the faces of people? The ones I saw at the Cere-
The Giver shook his head. "No, flesh isn't red. But it has
red tones in it. There was a time, actually — you'll see this
in the memories later — when flesh was many different
colors. That was before we went to Sameness. Today flesh
is all the same, and what you saw was the red tones.
Probably when you saw the faces take on color it wasn't as
deep or vibrant as the apple, or your friend's hair."
The Giver chuckled, suddenly. "We've never completely
mastered Sameness. I suppose the genetic scientists are still
hard at work trying to work the kinks out. Hair like Fiona's
must drive them crazy."
Jonas listened, trying hard to comprehend. "And the
sled?" he said. "It had that same thing: the color red. But it
didn't change, Giver. It just was. "
"Because it's a memory from the time when color was. "
"It was so — oh, I wish language were more precise! The
red was so beautiful!"
The Giver nodded. "It is."
"Do you see it all the time?"
"I see all of them. All the colors."
"Of course. When you receive the memories. You have
the capacity to see beyond. You'll gain wisdom, then, along
with colors. And lots more."
Jonas wasn't interested, just then, in wisdom. It was the
colors that fascinated him. "Why can't everyone see them?
Why did colors disappear?"
The Giver shrugged. "Our people made that choice, the
choice to go to Sameness. Before my time, before the
previous time, back and back and back. We relinquished
color when we relinquished sunshine and did away with
differences." He thought for a moment. "We gained control
of many things. But we had to let go of others."
"We shouldn't have!" Jonas said fiercely.
The Giver looked startled at the certainty of Jonas's re-
action. Then he smiled wryly. "You've come very quickly
to that conclusion," he said. "It took me many years. Maybe
your wisdom will come much more quickly than mine."
He glanced at the wall clock. "Lie back down, now. We
have so much to do."
"Giver," Jonas asked as he arranged himself again on the
bed, "how did it happen to you when you were be-coming
The Receiver? You said that the seeing-beyond happened to
you, but not the same way."
The hands came to his back. "Another day," The Giver
said gently. "I'll tell you another day. Now we must work.
And I've thought of a way to help you with the concept of
"Close your eyes and be still, now. I'm going to give you
a memory of a rainbow."
Days went by, and weeks. Jonas learned, through the
memories, the names of colors; and now he began to see
them all, in his ordinary life (though he knew it was ordi-
nary no longer, and would never be again). But they didn't
last. There would be a glimpse of green — the landscaped
lawn around the Central Plaza; a bush on the riverbank. The
bright orange of pumpkins being trucked in from the
agricultural fields beyond the community boundary — seen
in an instant, the flash of brilliant color, but gone again,
returning to their flat and hueless shade.
The Giver told him that it would be a very long time
before he had the colors to keep.
"But I want them!" Jonas said angrily. "It isn't fair that
nothing has color!"
"Not fair?" The Giver looked at Jonas curiously. "Ex-
plain what you mean."
"Well ...” Jonas had to stop and think it through. "If
everything's the same, then there aren't any choices! I want
to wake up in the morning and decide things! A blue tunic,
or a red one?"
He looked down at himself, at the colorless fabric of his
clothing. "But it's all the same, always."
Then he laughed a little. "I know it's not important, what
you wear. It doesn't matter. But —
"It's the choosing that's important, isn't it?" The Giver
Jonas nodded. "My little brother — " he began, and then
corrected himself. "No, that's inaccurate. He's not my
brother, not really. But this newchild that my family takes
care of — his name's Gabriel?"
"Yes, I know about Gabriel."
"Well, he's right at the age where he's learning so much.
He grabs toys when we hold them in front of him — my
father says he's learning small-muscle control. And he's
The Giver nodded.
"But now that I can see colors, at least sometimes, I was
just thinking: what if we could hold up things that were
bright red, or bright yellow, and he could choose? Instead
of the Sameness."
"He might make wrong choices."
"Oh." Jonas was silent for a minute. "Oh, I see what you
mean. It wouldn't matter for a newchild's toy. But later it
does matter, doesn't it? We don't dare to let people make
choices of their own."
"Not safe?" The Giver suggested.
"Definitely not safe," Jonas said with certainty. "What if
they were allowed to choose their own mate? And chose
"Or what if," he went on, almost laughing at the ab-
surdity, "they chose their own jobs? "
"Frightening, isn't it?" The Giver said.
Jonas chuckled. "Very frightening. I can't even imagine
it. We really have to protect people from wrong choices."
"Yes," Jonas agreed. "Much safer."
But when the conversation turned to other things, Jonas
was left, still, with a feeling of frustration that he didn't
He found that he was often angry, now: irrationally
angry at his groupmates, that they were satisfied with their
lives which had none of the vibrance his own was taking
on. And he was angry at himself, that he could not change
that for them.
He tried. Without asking permission from The Giver,
because he feared — or knew — that it would be denied, he
tried to give his new awareness to his friends.
"Asher," Jonas said one morning, "look at those flowers
very carefully." They were standing beside a bed of
geraniums planted near the Hall of Open Records. He put
his hands on Asher's shoulders, and concentrated on the red
of the petals, trying to hold it as long as he could, and
trying at the same time to transmit the awareness of red to
"What's the matter?" Asher asked uneasily. "Is some-
thing wrong?" He moved away from Jonas's hands. It was
extremely rude for one citizen to touch another outside of
"No, nothing. I thought for a minute that they were
wilting, and we should let the Gardening Crew know they
needed more watering." Jonas sighed, and turned away.
One evening he came home from his training weighted
with new knowledge. The Giver had chosen a startling and
disturbing memory that day. Under the touch of his hands,
Jonas had found himself suddenly in a place that was
completely alien: hot and windswept under a vast
blue sky. There were tufts of sparse grass, a few bushes
and rocks, and nearby he could see an area of thicker vege-
tation: broad, low trees outlined against the sky. He could
hear noises: the sharp crack of weapons — he perceived
the word guns — and then shouts, and an immense crashing
thud as something fell, tearing branches from the trees.
He heard voices calling to one another. Peering from the
place where he stood hidden behind some shrubbery, he
was reminded of what The Giver had told him, that there
had been a time when flesh had different colors. Two of
these men had dark brown skin; the others were light.
Going closer, he watched them hack the tusks from a mo-
tionless elephant on the ground and haul them away,
spattered with blood. He felt himself overwhelmed with a
new perception of the color he knew as red.
Then the men were gone, speeding toward the horizon
in a vehicle that spit pebbles from its whirling tires. One
hit his forehead and stung him there. But the memory
continued, though Jonas ached now for it to end.
Now he saw another elephant emerge from the place
where it had stood hidden in the trees. Very slowly it
walked to the mutilated body and looked down. With its
sinuous trunk it stroked the huge corpse; then it reached
up, broke some leafy branches with a snap, and draped
them over the mass of torn thick flesh.
Finally it tilted its massive head, raised its trunk, and
roared into the empty landscape. Jonas had never heard
such a sound. It was a sound of rage and grief and it
seemed never to end.
He could still hear it when he opened his eyes and lay
anguished on the bed where he received the memories. It
continued to roar into his consciousness as he pedaled
"Lily," he asked that evening when his sister took her
comfort object, the stuffed elephant, from the shelf, "did
you know that once there really were elephants? Live
She glanced down at the ragged comfort object and
grinned. "Right," she said, skeptically. "Sure, Jonas."
Jonas went and sat beside them while his father untied
Lily's hair ribbons and combed her hair. He placed one hand
on each of their shoulders. With all of his being he tried to
give each of them a piece of the memory: not of the tortured
cry of the elephant, but of the being of the elephant, of the
towering, immense creature and the meticulous touch with
which it had tended its friend at the end.
But his father had continued to comb Lily's long hair,
and Lily, impatient, had finally wiggled under her brother's
touch. "Jonas," she said, "you're hurting me with your
"I apologize for hurting you, Lily," Jonas mumbled, and
took his hand away.
" 'Ccept your apology," Lily responded indifferently,
stroking the lifeless elephant.
"Giver," Jonas asked once, as they prepared for the day's
work, "don't you have a spouse? Aren't you allowed to
apply for one?" Although he was exempted from the rules
against rudeness, he was aware that this was a rude ques-
tion. But The Giver had encouraged all of his questions, not
seeming to be embarrassed or offended by even the most
The Giver chuckled. "No, there's no rule against it.
And I did have a spouse. You're forgetting how old I am,
Jonas. My former spouse lives now with the Childless
"Oh, of course." Jonas had forgotten The Giver's obvious
age. When adults of the community became older, their
lives became different. They were no longer needed to
create family units. Jonas's own parents, when he and Lily
were grown, would go to live with the Childless Adults.
"You'll be able to apply for a spouse, Jonas, if you want
to. I'll warn you, though, that it will be difficult. Your liv-
ing arrangements will have to be different from those of
most family units, because the books are forbidden to citi-
zens. You and I are the only ones with access to the books."
Jonas glanced around at the astonishing array of vol-
umes. From time to time, now, he could see their colors.
With their hours together, his and The Giver's, consumed by
conversation and by the transmission of memories, Jonas
had not yet opened any of the books. But he read the titles
here and there, and knew that they contained all of the
knowledge of centuries, and that one day they would belong
"So if I have a spouse, and maybe children, I will have to
hide the books from them?"
The Giver nodded. "I wasn't permitted to share the books
with my spouse, that's correct. And there are other
difficulties, too. You remember the rule that says the new
Receiver can't talk about his training?"
Jonas nodded. Of course he remembered. It had turned
out, by far, to be the most frustrating of the rules he was
required to obey.
"When you become the official Receiver, when we're
finished here, you'll be given a whole new set of rules.
Those are the rules that I obey. And it won't surprise you
that I am forbidden to talk about my work to anyone except
the new Receiver. That's you, of course.
"So there will be a whole part of your life which you
won't be able to share with a family. It's hard, Jonas. It was
hard for me.
"You do understand, don't you, that this is my life? The
Jonas nodded again, but he was puzzled. Didn't life
consist of the things you did each day? There wasn't any-
thing else, really. "I've seen you taking walks," he said.
The Giver sighed. "I walk. I eat at mealtime. And when I
am called by the Committee of Elders, I appear before
them, to give them counsel and advice."
"Do you advise them often?" Jonas was a little fright-
ened at the thought that one day he would be the one to
advise the ruling body.
But The Giver said no. "Rarely. Only when they are
faced with something that they have not experienced be-
fore. Then they call upon me to use the memories and ad-
vise them. But it very seldom happens. Sometimes I wish
they'd ask for my wisdom more often — there are so many
things I could tell them; things I wish they would change.
But they don't want change. Life here is so orderly, so
predictable — so painless. It's what they've chosen.
"I don't know why they even need a Receiver, then, if
they never call upon him," Jonas commented.
"They need me. And you," The Giver said, but didn't
explain. "They were reminded of that ten years ago."
"What happened ten years ago?" Jonas asked. "Oh, I
know. You tried to train a successor and it failed. Why?
Why did that remind them?"
The Giver smiled grimly. "When the new Receiver
failed, the memories that she had received were released.
They didn't come back to me. They went ..."
He paused, and seemed to be struggling with the concept.
"I don't know, exactly. They went to the place where
memories once existed before Receivers were created.
Someplace out there — " He gestured vaguely with his arm.
"And then the people had access to them. Apparently that's
the way it was, once. Everyone had access to memories.
"It was chaos," he said. "They really suffered for a while.
Finally it subsided as the memories were assimilated. But it
certainly made them aware of how they need a Receiver to
contain all that pain. And knowledge."
"But you have to suffer like that all the time," Jonas
The Giver nodded. "And you will. It's my life. It will be
Jonas thought about it, about what it would be like for
him. "Along with walking and eating and — " He looked
around the walls of books. "Reading? That's it?"
The Giver shook his head. "Those are simply the things
that I do, My life is here."
"In this room?"
The Giver shook his head. He put his hands to his own
face, to his chest. "No. Here, in my being. Where the
"My Instructors in science and technology have taught
us about how the brain works," Jonas told him eagerly. "It's
full of electrical impulses. It's like a computer. If you
stimulate one part of the brain with an electrode, it — " He
stopped talking. He could see an odd look on The Giver's
"They know nothing," The Giver said bitterly.
Jonas was shocked. Since the first day in the Annex
room, they had together disregarded the rules about rude-
ness, and Jonas felt comfortable with that now. But this
was different, and far beyond rude. This was a terrible ac-
cusation. What if someone had heard?
He glanced quickly at the wall speaker, terrified that the
Committee might be listening as they could at any time.
But, as always during their sessions together, the switch
had been turned to OFF.
"Nothing?" Jonas whispered nervously. "But my in-
structors — "
The Giver flicked his hand as if brushing something
aside. "Oh, your instructors are well trained. They know
their scientific facts. Everyone is well trained for his job.
"It's just that . . . without the memories it's all mean-
ingless. They gave that burden to me. And to the previous
Receiver. And the one before him."
"And back and back and back," Jonas said, knowing the
phrase that always came.
The Giver smiled, though his smile was oddly harsh.
"That's right. And next it will be you. A great honor."
"Yes, sir. They told me that at the Ceremony. The very
Some afternoons The Giver sent him away without training.
Jonas knew, on days when he arrived to find The
Giver hunched over, rocking his body slightly back and
forth, his face pale, that he would be sent away.
"Go," The Giver would tell him tensely. "I'm in pain
today. Come back tomorrow."
On those days, worried and disappointed, Jonas would
walk alone beside the river. The paths were empty of peo-
ple except for the few Delivery Crews and Landscape
Workers here and there. Small children were all at the
Childcare Center after school, and the older ones busy with
volunteer hours or training.
By himself, he tested his own developing memory. He
watched the landscape for glimpses of the green that he
knew was embedded in the shrubbery; when it came flick-
ering into his consciousness, he focused upon it, keeping it
there, darkening it, holding it in his vision as long as possi-
ble until his head hurt and he let it fade away.
He stared at the flat, colorless sky, bringing blue from it,
and remembered sunshine until finally, for an instant, he
could feel warmth.
He stood at the foot of the bridge that spanned the river,
the bridge that citizens were allowed to cross only on
official business. Jonas had crossed it on school trips, visit-
ing the outlying communities, and he knew that the land
beyond the bridge was much the same, flat and well or-
dered, with fields for agriculture. The other communities
he had seen on visits were essentially the same as his own,
the only differences were slightly altered styles of dwell-
ings, slightly different schedules in the schools.
He wondered what lay in the far distance where he had
never gone. The land didn't end beyond those nearby com-
munities. Were there hills Elsewhere? Were there vast
wind-tom areas like the place he had seen in memory, the
place where the elephant died?
"Giver," he asked one afternoon following a day when he
had been sent away, "what causes you pain?"
When The Giver was silent, Jonas continued. "The Chief
Elder told me, at the beginning, that the receiving of
memory causes terrible pain. And you described for me that
the failure of the last new Receiver released painful
memories to the community.
"But I haven't suffered, Giver. Not really." Jonas smiled.
"Oh, I remember the sunburn you gave me on the very first
day. But that wasn't so terrible. What is it that makes you
suffer so much? If you gave some of it to me, maybe your
pain would be less."
The Giver nodded. "Lie down," he said. "It's time, I
suppose. I can't shield you forever. You'll have to take it all
"Let me think," he went on, when Jonas was on the bed,
waiting, a little fearful.
"All right," The Giver said after a moment, "I've de-
cided. We'll start with something familiar. Let's go once
again to a hill, and a sled."
He placed his hands on Jonas's back.
It was much the same, this memory, though the hill seemed
to be a different one, steeper, and the snow was not falling
as thickly as it had before.
It was colder, also, Jonas perceived. He could see, as he
sat waiting at the top of the hill, that the snow beneath the
sled was not thick and soft as it had been before, but hard,
and coated with bluish ice.
The sled moved forward, and Jonas grinned with de-
light, looking forward to the breathtaking slide down
through the invigorating air.
But the runners, this time, couldn't slice through the
frozen expanse as they had on the other, snow-cushioned
hill. They skittered sideways and the sled gathered speed.
Jonas pulled at the rope, trying to steer, but the steepness
and speed took control from his hands and he was no
longer enjoying the feeling of freedom but instead, terri-
fied, was at the mercy of the wild acceleration downward
over the ice.
Sideways, spinning, the sled hit a bump in the hill and
Jonas was jarred loose and thrown violently into the air. He
fell with his leg twisted under him, and could hear the
crack of bone. His face scraped along jagged edges of ice
and when he came, at last, to a stop, he lay shocked and
still, feeling nothing at first but fear.
Then, the first wave of pain. He gasped. It was as if a
hatchet lay lodged in his leg, slicing through each nerve
with a hot blade. In his agony he perceived the word "fire"
and felt flames licking at the tom bone and flesh. He tried
to move, and could not. The pain grew.
He screamed. There was no answer.
Sobbing, he turned his head and vomited onto the frozen
snow. Blood dripped from his face into the vomit.
"NOOOOO!" he cried, and the sound disappeared into
the empty landscape, into the wind.
Then, suddenly, he was in the Annex room again,
writhing on the bed. His face was wet with tears.
Able to move now, he rocked his own body back and
forth, breathing deeply to release the remembered pain.
He sat, and looked at his own leg, where it lay straight
on the bed, unbroken. The brutal slice of pain was gone.
But the leg ached horribly, still, and his face felt raw.
"May I have relief-of-pain, please?" he begged. It was
always provided in his everyday life for the bruises and
wounds, for a mashed finger, a stomach ache, a skinned
knee from a fall from a bike. There was always a daub of
anesthetic ointment, or a pill; or in severe instances, an in-
jection that brought complete and instantaneous deliver-
But The Giver said no, and looked away.
Limping, Jonas walked home, pushing his bicycle, that
evening. The sunburn pain had been so small, in
comparison, and had not stayed with him. But this ache
It was not unendurable, as the pain on the hill had been.
Jonas tried to be brave. He remembered that the Chief Elder
had said he was brave.
"Is something wrong, Jonas?" his father asked at the
evening meal. "You're so quiet tonight. Aren't you feeling
well? Would you like some medication?"
But Jonas remembered the rules. No medication for
anything related to his training.
And no discussion of his training. At the time for shar-
ing-of-feelings, he simply said that he felt tired, that his
school lessons had been unusually demanding that day.
He went to his sleepingroom early, and from behind the
closed door he could hear his parents and sister laughing as
they gave Gabriel his evening bath.
They have never known pain, he thought. The realiza-
tion made him feel desperately lonely, and he rubbed his
throbbing leg. He eventually slept. Again and again he
dreamed of the anguish and the isolation on the forsaken
The daily training continued, and now it always included
pain. The agony of the fractured leg began to seem no more
than a mild discomfort as The Giver led Jonas firmly, little
by little, into the deep and terrible suffering of the past.
Each time, in his kindness, The Giver ended the afternoon
with a color-filled memory of pleasure: a brisk sail on a
blue-green lake; a meadow dotted with yellow wildflowers;
an orange sunset behind mountains.
It was not enough to assuage the pain that Jonas was
beginning, now, to know.
"Why?" Jonas asked him after he had received a tortur-
ous memory in which he had been neglected and unfed;
the hunger had caused excruciating spasms in his empty,
distended stomach. He lay on the bed, aching. "Why do you
and I have to hold these memories?"
"It gives us wisdom," The Giver replied. "Without
wisdom I could not fulfill my function of advising the
Committee of Elders when they call upon me."
"But what wisdom do you get from hunger?" Jonas
groaned. His stomach still hurt, though the memory had
"Some years ago," The Giver told him, "before your
birth, a lot of citizens petitioned the Committee of Elders.
They wanted to increase the rate of births. They wanted
each Birthmother to be assigned four births instead of three,
so that the population would increase and there would be
more Laborers available."
Jonas nodded, listening. "That makes sense."
"The idea was that certain family units could accom-
modate an additional child."
Jonas nodded again. "Mine could," he pointed out. "We
have Gabriel this year, and it's fun, having a third child."
"The Committee of Elders sought my advice," The Giver
said. "It made sense to them, too, but it was a new idea, and
they came to me for wisdom."
"And you used your memories?"
The Giver said yes. "And the strongest memory that
came was hunger. It came from many generations back.
Centuries back. The population had gotten so big that
hunger was everywhere. Excruciating hunger and starva-
tion. It was followed by warfare."
Warfare? It was a concept Jonas did not know. But
hunger was familiar to him now. Unconsciously he rubbed
his own abdomen, recalling the pain of its unfulfilled
needs. "So you described that to them?"
"They don't want to hear about pain. They just seek the
advice. I simply advised them against increasing the
"But you said that that was before my birth. They hardly
ever come to you for advice. Only when they — what was
it you said? When they have a problem they've never
faced before. When did it happen last?"
"Do you remember the day when the plane flew over the
"Yes. I was scared."
"So were they. They prepared to shoot it down. But they
sought my advice. I told them to wait."
"But how did you know? How did you know the pilot
"I didn't. I used my wisdom, from the memories. I knew
that there had been times in the past — terrible times —
when people had destroyed others in haste, in fear, and
had brought about their own destruction."
Jonas realized something. "That means," he said slowly,
"that you have memories of destruction. And you have to
give them to me, too, because I have to get the wisdom."
The Giver nodded.
"But it will hurt," Jonas said. It wasn't a question.
"It will hurt terribly," The Giver agreed.
"But why can't everyone have the memories? I think it
would seem a little easier if the memories were shared. You
and I wouldn't have to bear so much by ourselves, if eve-
rybody took a part."
The Giver sighed. "You're right," he said. "But then
everyone would be burdened and pained. They don't want
that. And that's the real reason The Receiver is so vital to
them, and so honored. They selected me — and you — to
lift that burden from themselves."
"When did they decide that?" Jonas asked angrily. "It
wasn't fair. Let's change it!"
"How do you suggest we do that? I've never been able to
think of a way, and I'm supposed to be the one with all the
"But there are two of us now," Jonas said eagerly. "To-
gether we can think of something!"
The Giver watched him with a wry smile.
"Why can't we just apply for a change of rules?" Jonas
The Giver laughed; then Jonas, too, chuckled reluc-
"The decision was made long before my time or yours,"
The Giver said, "and before the previous Receiver, and — "
"Back and back and back." Jonas repeated the familiar
phrase. Sometimes it had seemed humorous to him.
Sometimes it had seemed meaningful and important.
Now it was ominous. It meant, he knew, that nothing
could be changed.
The newchild, Gabriel, was growing, and successfully
passed the tests of maturity that the Nurturers gave each
month; he could sit alone, now, could reach for and grasp
small play objects, and he had six teeth. During the day-
time hours, Father reported, he was cheerful and seemed
of normal intelligence. But he remained fretful at night,
whimpering often, needing frequent attention.
"After all this extra time I've put in with him," Father
said one evening after Gabriel had been bathed and was
lying, for the moment, hugging his hippo placidly in the
small crib that had replaced the basket, "I hope they're not
going to decide to release him."
"Maybe it would be for the best," Mother suggested. "I
know you don't mind getting up with him at night. But the
lack of sleep is awfully hard for me."
"If they release Gabriel, can we get another newchild as
a visitor?" asked Lily. She was kneeling beside the crib,
making funny faces at the little one, who was smiling back
Jonas's mother rolled her eyes in dismay.
"No," Father said, smiling. He ruffled Lily's hair. "It's
very rare, anyway, that a newchild's status is as uncertain
as Gabriel's. It probably won't happen again, for a long
"Anyway," he sighed, "they won't make the decision for
a while. Right now we're all preparing for a release we'll
probably have to make very soon. There's a Birth-mother
who's expecting twin males next month."
"Oh, dear," Mother said, shaking her head. "If they're
identical, I hope you're not the one assigned — "
"I am. I'm next on the list. I'll have to select the one to
be nurtured, and the one to be released. It's usually not
hard, though. Usually it's just a matter of birthweight. We
release the smaller of the two."
Jonas, listening, thought suddenly about the bridge and
how, standing there, he had wondered what lay Elsewhere.
Was there someone there, waiting, who would receive the
tiny released twin? Would it grow up Elsewhere, not
knowing, ever, that in this community lived a being who
looked exactly the same?
For a moment he felt a tiny, fluttering hope that he knew
was quite foolish. He hoped that it would be Larissa,
waiting. Larissa, the old woman he had bathed. He
remembered her sparkling eyes, her soft voice, her low
chuckle. Fiona had told him recently that Larissa had been
released at a wonderful ceremony.
But he knew that the Old were not given children to
raise. Larissa's life Elsewhere would be quiet and serene as
befit the Old; she would not welcome the responsibility of
nurturing a newchild who needed feeding and care, and
would likely cry at night.
"Mother? Father?" he said, the idea coming to him un-
expectedly, "why don't we put Gabriel's crib in my room
tonight? I know how to feed and comfort him, and it would
let you and Father get some sleep."
Father looked doubtful. "You sleep so soundly, Jonas.
What if his restlessness didn't wake you?"
It was Lily who answered that. "If no one goes to tend
Gabriel," she pointed out, "he gets very loud. He'd wake all
of us, if Jonas slept through it."
Father laughed. "You're right, Lily-billy. All right,
Jonas, let's try it, just for tonight. I'll take the night off and
we'll let Mother get some sleep, too."
Gabriel slept soundly for the earliest part of the night.
Jonas, in his bed, lay awake for a while; from time to time
he raised himself on one elbow, looking over at the crib.
The newchild was on his stomach, his arms relaxed beside
his head, his eyes closed, and his breathing regular and un-
disturbed. Finally Jonas slept too.
Then, as the middle hours of the night approached, the
noise of Gabe's restlessness woke Jonas. The newchild was
turning under his cover, flailing his arms, and beginning to
Jonas rose and went to him. Gently he patted Gabriel's
back. Sometimes that was all it took to lull him back to
sleep. But the newchild still squirmed fretfully under his
Still patting rhythmically, Jonas began to remember the
wonderful sail that The Giver had given him not long be-
fore: a bright, breezy day on a clear turquoise lake, and
above him the white sail of the boat billowing as he moved
along in the brisk wind.
He was not aware of giving the memory; but suddenly he
realized that it was becoming dimmer, that it was sliding
through his hand into the being of the newchild. Gabriel
became quiet. Startled, Jonas pulled back what was left of
the memory with a burst of will. He removed his hand from
the little back and stood quietly beside the crib.
To himself, he called the memory of the sail forward
again. It was still there, but the sky was less blue, the gentle
motion of the boat slower, the water of the lake more murky
and clouded. He kept it for a while, soothing his own
nervousness at what had occurred, then let it go and
returned to his bed.
Once more, toward dawn, the newchild woke and cried
out. Again Jonas went to him. This time he quite deliber-
ately placed his hand firmly on Gabriel's back, and re-
leased the rest of the calming day on the lake. Again Ga-
But now Jonas lay awake, thinking. He no longer had
any more than a wisp of the memory, and he felt a small
lack where it had been. He could ask The Giver for an-other
sail, he knew. A sail perhaps on ocean, next time, for Jonas
had a memory of ocean, now, and knew what it was; he
knew that there were sailboats there, too, in memories yet
to be acquired.
He wondered, though, if he should confess to The Giver
that he had given a memory away. He was not yet qualified
to be a Giver himself; nor had Gabriel been selected to be a
That he had this power frightened him. He decided not
Jonas entered the Annex room and realized immediately
that it was a day when he would be sent away. The Giver
was rigid in his chair, his face in his hands.
"I'll come back tomorrow, sir," he said quickly. Then he
hesitated. "Unless maybe there's something I can do to
The Giver looked up at him, his face contorted with
suffering. "Please," he gasped, "take some of the pain."
Jonas helped him to his chair at the side of the bed. Then
he quickly removed his tunic and lay face down. "Put your
hands on me," he directed, aware that in such anguish The
Giver might need reminding.
The hands came, and the pain came with them and
through them. Jonas braced himself and entered the mem-
ory which was torturing The Giver.
He was in a confused, noisy, foul-smelling place. It was
daylight, early morning, and the air was thick with smoke
that hung, yellow and brown, above the ground. Around
him, everywhere, far across the expanse of what seemed to
be a field, lay groaning men. A wild-eyed horse, its bridle
torn and dangling, trotted frantically through the mounds of
men, tossing its head, whinnying in panic. It stumbled,
finally, then fell, and did not rise.
Jonas heard a voice next to him. "Water," the voice said
in a parched, croaking whisper.
He turned his head toward the voice and looked into the
half-closed eyes of a boy who seemed not much older than
himself. Dirt streaked the boy's face and his matted blond
hair. He lay sprawled, his gray uniform glistening with wet,
The colors of the carnage were grotesquely bright: the
crimson wetness on the rough and dusty fabric, the ripped
shreds of grass, startlingly green, in the boy's yellow hair.
The boy stared at him. "Water," he begged again. When
he spoke, a new spurt of blood drenched the coarse cloth
across his chest and sleeve.
One of Jonas's arms was immobilized with pain, and he
could see through his own torn sleeve something that
looked like ragged flesh and splintery bone. He tried his
remaining arm and felt it move. Slowly he reached to his
side, felt the metal container there, and removed its cap,
stopping the small motion of his hand now and then to wait
for the surging pain to ease. Finally, when the container
was open, he extended his arm slowly across the blood-
soaked earth, inch by inch, and held it to the lips of the
boy. Water trickled into the imploring mouth and down the
The boy sighed. His head fell back, his lower jaw drop-
ping as if he had been surprised by something. A dull
blankness slid slowly across his eyes. He was silent.
But the noise continued all around: the cries of the
wounded men, the cries begging for water and for Mother
and for death. Horses lying on the ground shrieked, raised
their heads, and stabbed randomly toward the sky with their
From the distance, Jonas could hear the thud of cannons.
Overwhelmed by pain, he lay there in the fearsome stench
for hours, listened to the men and animals die, and learned
what warfare meant.
Finally, when he knew that he could bear it no longer
and would welcome death himself, he opened his eyes and
was once again on the bed.
The Giver looked away, as if he could not bear to see
what he had done to Jonas. "Forgive me," he said.
Jonas did not want to go back. He didn't want the memo-
ries, didn't want the honor, didn't want the wisdom, didn't
want the pain. He wanted his childhood again, his scraped
knees and ball games. He sat in his dwelling alone,
watching through the window, seeing children at play,
citizens bicycling home from uneventful days at work,
ordinary lives free of anguish because he had been selected,
as others before him had, to bear their burden.
But the choice was not his. He returned each day to the
The Giver was gentle with him for many days following
the terrible shared memory of war.
"There are so many good memories," The Giver re-
minded Jonas. And it was true. By now Jonas had experi-
enced countless bits of happiness, things he had never
known of before.
He had seen a birthday parry, with one child singled out
and celebrated on his day, so that now he understood the
joy of being an individual, special and unique and proud.
He had visited museums and seen paintings filled with
all the colors he could now recognize and name.
In one ecstatic memory he had ridden a gleaming brown
horse across a field that smelled of damp grass, and had
dismounted beside a small stream from which both he and
the horse drank cold, clear water. Now he understood about
animals; and in the moment that the horse turned from the
stream and nudged Jonas's shoulder affectionately with its
head, he perceived the bonds between animal and human.
He had walked through woods, and sat at night beside a
campfire. Although he had through the memories learned
about the pain of loss and loneliness, now he gained, too,
an understanding of solitude and its joy.
"What is your favorite?" Jonas asked The Giver. "You
don't have to give it away yet," he added quickly. "Just tell
me about it, so I can look forward to it, because I'll have to
receive it when your job is done."
The Giver smiled. "Lie down," he said. "I'm happy to
give it to you."
Jonas felt the joy of it as soon as the memory began.
Sometimes it took a while for him to get his bearings, to
find his place. But this time he fit right in and felt the hap-
piness that pervaded the memory.
He was in a room filled with people, and it was warm,
with firelight glowing on a hearth. He could see through a
window that outside it was night, and snowing. There were
colored lights: red and green and yellow, twinkling from a
tree which was, oddly, inside the room. On a table, lighted
candles stood in a polished golden holder and cast a soft,
flickering glow. He could smell things cooking, and he
heard soft laughter. A golden-haired dog lay sleeping on
On the floor there were packages wrapped in brightly
colored paper and tied with gleaming ribbons. As Jonas
watched, a small child began to pick up the packages and
pass them around the room: to other children, to adults who
were obviously parents, and to an older, quiet couple, man
and woman, who sat smiling together on a couch.
While Jonas watched, the people began one by one to
untie the ribbons on the packages, to unwrap the bright
papers, open the boxes and reveal toys and clothing and
books. There were cries of delight. They hugged one an-
The small child went and sat on the lap of the old
woman, and she rocked him and rubbed her cheek against
Jonas opened his eyes and lay contentedly on the bed,
still luxuriating in the warm and comforting memory. It had
all been there, all the things he had learned to treasure.
"What did you perceive?" The Giver asked.
"Warmth," Jonas replied, "and happiness. And — let me
think. Family. That it was a celebration of some sort, a
holiday. And something else — I can't quite get the word
"It will come to you."
"Who were the old people? Why were they there?" It had
puzzled Jonas, seeing them in the room. The Old of the
community did not ever leave their special place, the House
of the Old, where they were so well cared for and
"They were called Grandparents."
"Grandparents. It meant parents-of-the-parents, long
"Back and back and back?" Jonas began to laugh. "So
actually, there could be parents-of-the-parents-of-the-
The Giver laughed, too. "That's right. It's a little like
looking at yourself looking in a mirror looking at yourself
looking in a mirror."
Jonas frowned. "But my parents must have had parents!
I never thought about it before. Who are my parents-of-
the-parents? Where are they?"
"You could go look in the Hall of Open Records. You'd
find the names. But think, son. If you apply for children,
then who will be their parents-of-the-parents? Who will be
"My mother and father, of course."
"And where will they be?"
Jonas thought. "Oh," he said slowly. "When I finish my
training and become a full adult, I'll be given my own
dwelling. And then when Lily does, a few years later, she'll
get her own dwelling, and maybe a spouse, and children if
she applies for them, and then Mother and Father — "
"As long as they're still working and contributing to the
community, they'll go and live with the other Child-less
Adults. And they won't be part of my life anymore.
"And after that, when the time comes, they'll go to the
House of the Old," Jonas went on. He was thinking aloud.
"And they'll be well cared for, and respected, and when
they're released, there will be a celebration."
"Which you won't attend," The Giver pointed out.
"No, of course not, because I won't even know about it.
By then I'll be so busy with my own life. And Lily will,
too. So our children, if we have them, won't know who
their parents-of-parents are, either.
"It seems to work pretty well that way, doesn't it? The
way we do it in our community?" Jonas asked. "I just didn't
realize there was any other way, until I received that
"It works," The Giver agreed.
Jonas hesitated. "I certainly liked the memory, though. I
can see why it's your favorite. I couldn't quite get the word
for the whole feeling of it, the feeling that was so strong in
"Love," The Giver told him.
Jonas repeated it. "Love." It was a word and concept
new to him.
They were both silent for a minute. Then Jonas said,
"I feel very foolish saying this. Very, very foolish." "No
need. Nothing is foolish here. Trust the memories and
how they make you feel."
"Well," Jonas said, looking at the floor, "I know you
don't have the memory anymore, because you gave it to me,
so maybe you won't understand this — "
"I will. I am left with a vague wisp of that one; and I
have many other memories of families, and holidays, and
happiness. Of love."
Jonas blurted out what he was feeling. "I was thinking
that . . . well, I can see that it wasn't a very practical way
to live, with the Old right there in the same place, where
maybe they wouldn't be well taken care of, the way they are
now, and that we have a better-arranged way of doing
things. But anyway, 1 was thinking, I mean feeling, actu-
ally, that it was kind of nice, then. And that I wish we could
be that way, and that you could be my grandparent. The
family in the memory seemed a little more — " He faltered,
not able to find the word he wanted.
"A little more complete," The Giver suggested.
Jonas nodded. "I liked the feeling of love," he confessed.
He glanced nervously at the speaker on the wall, reassuring
himself that no one was listening. "I wish we still had that,"
he whispered. "Of course," he added quickly, "I do
understand that it wouldn't work very well. And that it's
much better to be organized the way we are now. 1 can see
that it was a dangerous way to live."
"What do you mean?"
Jonas hesitated. He wasn't certain, really, what he had
meant. He could feel that there was risk involved, though
he wasn't sure how. "Well," he said finally, grasping for an
explanation, "they had fire right there in that room. There
was a fire burning in the fireplace. And there were candles
on a table. I can certainly see why those things were
"Still," he said slowly, almost to himself, "I did like the
light they made. And the warmth."
"Father? Mother?" Jonas asked tentatively after the evening
meal. "I have a question I want to ask you."
"What is it, Jonas?" his father asked.
He made himself say the words, though he felt flushed
with embarrassment. He had rehearsed them in his mind all
the way home from the Annex.
"Do you love me?"
There was an awkward silence for a moment. Then Fa-
ther gave a little chuckle. Jonas. You, of all people. Preci-
sion of language, please! "
"What do you mean?" Jonas asked. Amusement was not
at all what he had anticipated.
"Your father means that you used a very generalized
word, so meaningless that it's become almost obsolete," his
mother explained carefully.
Jonas stared at them. Meaningless? He had never before
felt anything as meaningful as the memory.
"And of course our community can't function smoothly
if people don't use precise language. You could ask, 'Do
you enjoy me?' The answer is 'Yes,' " his mother said.
"Or," his father suggested, "'Do you take pride in my
accomplishments?' And the answer is wholeheartedly
"Do you understand why it's inappropriate to use a word
like 'love'?" Mother asked.
Jonas nodded. "Yes, thank you, I do," he replied slowly.
It was his first lie to his parents.
"Gabriel?" Jonas whispered that night to the newchild.
The crib was in his room again. After Gabe had slept
soundly in Jonas's room for four nights, his parents had
pronounced the experiment a success and Jonas a hero.
Gabriel was growing rapidly, now crawling and giggling
across the room and pulling himself up to stand. He could
be upgraded in the Nurturing Center, Father said happily,
now that he slept; he could be officially named and given
to his family in December, which was only two months
But when he was taken away, he stopped sleeping
again, and cried in the night.
So he was back in Jonas's sleepingroom. They would
give it a little more time, they decided. Since Gabe seemed
to like it in Jonas's room, he would sleep there at night a
little longer, until the habit of sound sleep was fully
formed. The Nurturers were very optimistic about Ga-
There was no answer to Jonas's whisper. Gabriel was
"Things could change, Gabe," Jonas went on. "Things
could be different. 1 don't know how, but there must be
some way for things to be different. There could be colors.
"And grandparents," he added, staring through the
dimness toward the ceiling of his sleepingroom. "And ev-
erybody would have the memories.
"You know about memories," he whispered, turning
toward the crib.
Gabriel's breathing was even and deep. Jonas liked
having him there, though he felt guilty about the secret.
Each night he gave memories to Gabriel: memories of boat
rides and picnics in the sun; memories of soft rainfall
against windowpanes; memories of dancing barefoot on a
The newchild stirred slightly in his sleep. Jonas looked
over at him.
"There could be love," Jonas whispered.
The next morning, for the first time, Jonas did not take his
pill. Something within him, something that had grown there
through the memories, told him to throw the pill away.
TODAY IS DECLARED AN UNSCHEDULED HOLIDAY. Jonas,
his parents, and Lily all turned in surprise and looked at the
wall speaker from which the announcement had come. It
happened so rarely, and was such a treat for the entire
community when it did. Adults were exempted from the
day's work, children from school and training and volunteer
hours. The substitute Laborers, who would be given a
different holiday, took over all the necessary tasks: nurtur-
ing, food delivery, and care of the Old; and the community
Jonas cheered, and put his homework folder down. He
had been about to leave for school. School was less impor-
tant to him now; and before much more time passed, his
formal schooling would end. But still, for Twelves, though
they had begun their adult training, there were the endless
lists of rules to be memorized and the newest technology to
He wished his parents, sister, and Gabe a happy day, and
rode down the bicycle path, looking for Asher.
He had not taken the pills, now, for four weeks. The
Stirrings had returned, and he felt a little guilty and em-
barrassed about the pleasurable dreams that came to him
as he slept. But he knew he couldn't go back to the world of
no feelings that he had lived in so long.
And his new, heightened feelings permeated a greater
realm than simply his sleep. Though he knew that his failure
to take the pills accounted for some of it, he thought that the
feelings came also from the memories. Now he could see all
of the colors; and he could keep them, too, so that the trees
and grass and bushes stayed green in his vision. Gabriel's
rosy cheeks stayed pink, even when he slept. And apples
were always, always red.
Now, through the memories, he had seen oceans and
mountain lakes and streams that gurgled through woods;
and now he saw the familiar wide river beside the path
differently. He saw all of the light and color and history it
contained and carried in its slow-moving water; and he
knew that there was an Elsewhere from which it came, and
an Elsewhere to which it was going.
On this unexpected, casual holiday he felt happy, as he
always had on holidays; but with a deeper happiness than
ever before. Thinking, as he always did, about precision of
language, Jonas realized that it was a new depth of feelings
that he was experiencing. Somehow they were not at all the
same as the feelings that every evening, in every dwelling,
every citizen analyzed with endless talk.
"I felt angry because someone broke the play area rules,"
Lily had said once, making a fist with her small hand to
indicate her fury. Her family — Jonas among them — had
talked about the possible reasons for rule-breaking, and the
need for understanding and patience, until Lily's fist had
relaxed and her anger was gone.
But Lily had not felt anger, Jonas realized now. Shallow
impatience and exasperation, that was all Lily had felt. He
knew that with certainty because now he knew what anger
was. Now he had, in the memories, experienced injustice
and cruelty, and he had reacted with rage that welled up so
passionately inside him that the thought of discussing it
calmly at the evening meal was unthinkable.
"I felt sad today," he had heard his mother say, and they
had comforted her.
But now Jonas had experienced real sadness. He had felt
grief. He knew that there was no quick comfort for
emotions like those.
These were deeper and they did not need to be told. They
Today, he felt happiness.
"Asher!" He spied his friend's bicycle leaning against a
tree at the edge of the playing field. Nearby, other bikes
were strewn about on the ground. On a holiday the usual
rules of order could be disregarded.
He skidded to a stop and dropped his own bike beside
the others. "Hey, Ash!" he shouted, looking around. There
seemed to be no one in the play area. "Where are you?"
"Psssheeewwww!" A child's voice, coming from behind a
nearby bush, made the sound. "Pow! Pow! Pow!"
A female Eleven named Tanya staggered forward from
where she had been hiding. Dramatically she clutched her
stomach and stumbled about in a zig-zag pattern, groaning.
"You got me!" she called, and fell to the ground, grinning.
Jonas, standing on the side of the playing field, recog-
nized Asher's voice. He saw his friend, aiming an imagi-
nary weapon in his hand, dart from behind one tree to an-
other. "Blam! You're in my line of ambush, Jonas! Watch
Jonas stepped back. He moved behind Asher's bike and
knelt so that he was out of sight. It was a game he had often
played with the other children, a game of good guys and
bad guys, a harmless pasttime that used up their contained
energy and ended only when they all lay posed in freakish
postures on the ground.
He had never recognized it before as a game of war.
"Attack!" The shout came from behind the small store-
house where play equipment was kept. Three children
dashed forward, their imaginary weapons in firing position.
From the opposite side of the field came an opposing
shout: "Counter-attack!" From their hiding places a horde
of children — Jonas recognized Fiona in the group —
emerged, running in a crouched position, firing across the
field. Several of them stopped, grabbed their own
shoulders and chests with exaggerated gestures, and pre-
tended to be hit. They dropped to the ground and lay sup-
Feelings surged within Jonas. He found himself walking
forward into the field.
"You're hit, Jonas!" Asher yelled from behind the tree.
"Pow! You're hit again!"
Jonas stood alone in the center of the field. Several of
the children raised their heads and looked at him uneasily.
The attacking armies slowed, emerged from their crouched
positions, and watched to see what he was doing.
In his mind, Jonas saw again the face of the boy who
had lain dying on a field and had begged him for water. He
had a sudden choking feeling, as if it were difficult to
One of the children raised an imaginary rifle and made
an attempt to destroy him with a firing noise. "Pssheeew!"
Then they were all silent, standing awkwardly, and the
only sound was the sound of Jonas's shuddering breaths.
He was struggling not to cry.
Gradually, when nothing happened, nothing changed,
the children looked at each other nervously and went away.
He heard the sounds as they righted their bicycles and
began to ride down the path that led from the field.
Only Asher and Fiona remained.
"What's wrong, Jonas? It was only a game," Fiona said.
"You ruined it," Asher said in an irritated voice.
"Don't play it anymore," Jonas pleaded.
"I'm the one who's training for Assistant Recreation
Director," Asher pointed out angrily. "Games aren't your
area of expertness."
"Expertise," Jonas corrected him automatically.
"Whatever. You can't say what we play, even if you are
going to be the new Receiver." Asher looked warily at him.
"I apologize for not paying you the respect you deserve,"
"Asher," Jonas said. He was trying to speak carefully,
and with kindness, to say exactly what he wanted to say.
"You had no way of knowing this. I didn't know it myself
until recently. But it's a cruel game. In the past, there have
"I said I apologize, Jonas."
Jonas sighed. It was no use. Of course Asher couldn't
understand. "I accept your apology, Asher," he said wearily.
"Do you want to go for a ride along the river, Jonas?"
Fiona asked, biting her lip with nervousness.
Jonas looked at her. She was so lovely. For a fleeting in-
stant he thought he would like nothing better than to ride
peacefully along the river path, laughing and talking with
his gentle female friend. But he knew that such times had
been taken from him now. He shook his head. After a
moment his two friends turned and went to their bikes. He
watched as they rode away.
Jonas trudged to the bench beside the Storehouse and sat
down, overwhelmed with feelings of loss. His child-hood,
his friendships, his carefree sense of security — all of these
things seemed to be slipping away. With his new,
heightened feelings, he was overwhelmed by sadness at the
way the others had laughed and shouted, playing at war. But
he knew that they could not understand why, without the
memories. He felt such love for Asher and for Fiona. But
they could not feel it back, without the memories. And he
could not give them those. Jonas knew with certainty that
he could change nothing.
Back in their dwelling, that evening, Lily chattered merrily
about the wonderful holiday she had had, playing with
her friends, having her midday meal out of doors, and (she
confessed) sneaking a very short try on her father's bicycle.
"I can't wait till I get my very own bicycle next month.
Father's is too big for me. I fell," she explained matter-of-
factly. "Good thing Gabe wasn't in the child seat!"
"A very good thing," Mother agreed, frowning at the
idea of it. Gabriel waved his arms at the mention of him-
self. He had begun to walk just the week before. The first
steps of a newchild were always the occasion for celebra-
tion at the Nurturing Center, Father said, but also for the
introduction of a discipline wand. Now Father brought the
slender instrument home with him each night, in case Ga-
But he was a happy and easygoing toddler. Now he
moved unsteadily across the room, laughing. "Gay!" he
chirped. "Gay!" It was the way he said his own name.
Jonas brightened. It had been a depressing day for him,
after such a bright start. But he set his glum thoughts aside.
He thought about starting to teach Lily to ride so that she
could speed off proudly after her Ceremony of Nine, which
would be coming soon. It was hard to believe that it was
almost December again, that almost a year had passed since
he had become a Twelve.
He smiled as he watched the newchild plant one small
foot carefully before the other, grinning with glee at his
own steps as he tried them out.
"I want to get to sleep early tonight," Father said. "To-
morrow's a busy day for me. The twins are being born to-
morrow, and the test results show that they're identical."
"One for here, one for Elsewhere," Lily chanted. "One
for here, one for Else — "
"Do you actually take it Elsewhere, Father?" Jonas
"No, I just have to make the selection. I weigh them,
hand the larger over to a Nurturer who's standing by,
waiting, and then I get the smaller one all cleaned up and
comfy. Then I perform a small Ceremony of Release and —
" He glanced down, grinning at Gabriel. "Then I wave bye-
bye," he said, in the special sweet voice he used when he
spoke to the newchild. He waved his hand in the familiar
Gabriel giggled and waved bye-bye back to him. "And
somebody else comes to get him? Somebody from
"That's right, Jonas-bonus."
Jonas rolled his eyes in embarrassment that his father
had used the silly pet name.
Lily was deep in thought. "What if they give the little
twin a name Elsewhere, a name like, oh, maybe Jonathan?
And here, in our community, at his naming, the twin that
we kept here is given the name Jonathan, and then there
would be two children with the same name, and they would
look exactly the same, and someday, maybe when they
were a Six, one group of Sixes would go to visit an-other
community on a bus, and there in the other community, in
the other group of Sixes, would be a Jonathan who was
exactly the same as the other Jonathan, and then maybe
they would get mixed up and take the wrong Jonathan
home, and maybe his parents wouldn't notice, and then — "
She paused for breath.
"Lily," Mother said, "I have a wonderful idea. Maybe
when you become a Twelve, they'll give you the Assign-
ment of Storyteller! I don't think we've had a Storyteller in
the community for a long time. But if I were on the Com-
mittee, I would definitely choose you for that job!"
Lily grinned. "I have a better idea for one more story,"
she announced. "What if actually we were all twins and
didn't know it, and so Elsewhere there would be another
Lily, and another Jonas, and another Father, and another
Asher, and another Chief Elder, and another — "
Father groaned. "Lily," he said. "It's bedtime."
"Giver," Jonas asked the next afternoon, "Do you ever think
"Do you mean my own release, or just the general topic
"Both, I guess. I apologi — I mean I should have been
more precise. But I don't know exactly what I meant."
"Sit back up. No need to lie down while we're talking."
Jonas, who had already been stretched out on the bed when
the question came to his mind, sat back up.
"I guess I do think about it occasionally," The Giver
said. "I think about my own release when I'm in an awful
lot of pain. I wish I could put in a request for it, some-
times. But I'm not permitted to do that until the new Re-
ceiver is trained."
"Me," Jonas said in a dejected voice. He was not looking
forward to the end of the training, when he would become
the new Receiver. It was clear to him what a terribly
difficult and lonely life it was, despite the honor.
"I can't request release either," Jonas pointed out. "It was
in my rules."
The Giver laughed harshly. "I know that. They ham-
mered out those rules after the failure ten years ago."
Jonas had heard again and again now, reference to the
previous failure. But he still did not know what had hap-
pened ten years before. "Giver," he said, "tell me what
The Giver shrugged. "On the surface, it was quite simple.
A Receiver-to-be was selected, the way you were. The
selection went smoothly enough. The Ceremony was held,
and the selection was made. The crowd cheered, as they did
for you. The new Receiver was puzzled and a little
frightened, as you were."
"My parents told me it was a female."
The Giver nodded.
Jonas thought of his favorite female, Fiona, and shivered.
He wouldn't want his gentle friend to suffer the way he had,
taking on the memories. "What was she like?" he asked The
The Giver looked sad, thinking about it. "She was a re-
markable young woman. Very self-possessed and serene.
Intelligent, eager to learn." He shook his head and drew a
deep breath. "You know, Jonas, when she came to me in
this room, when she presented herself to begin her training
Jonas interrupted him with a question. "Can you tell me
her name? My parents said that it wasn't to be spoken again
in the community. But couldn't you say it just to me?"
The Giver hesitated painfully, as if saying the name aloud
might be excruciating. "Her name was Rosemary," he told
"Rosemary. I like that name."
The Giver went on. "When she came to me for the first
time, she sat there in the chair where you sat on your first
day. She was eager and excited and a little scared. We
talked. I tried to explain things as well as I could."
"The way you did to me."
The Giver chuckled ruefully. "The explanations are
difficult. The whole thing is so beyond one's experience.
But I tried. And she listened carefully. Her eyes were very
luminous, I remember."
He looked up suddenly. "Jonas, I gave you a memory
that I told you was my favorite. I still have a shred of it
left. The room, with the family, and grandparents?"
Jonas nodded. Of course he remembered. "Yes," he said.
"It had that wonderful feeling with it. You told me it was
"You can understand, then, that that's what I felt for
Rosemary," The Giver explained. "I loved her.
"I feel it for you, too," he added.
"What happened to her?" Jonas asked.
"Her training began. She received well, as you do. She
was so enthusiastic. So delighted to experience new things. I
remember her laughter ... "
His voice faltered and trailed off.
"What happened?" Jonas asked again, after a moment.
"Please tell me."
The Giver closed his eyes. "It broke my heart, Jonas, to
transfer pain to her. But it was my job. It was what I had to
do, the way I've had to do it to you."
The room was silent. Jonas waited. Finally The Giver
"Five weeks. That was all. I gave her happy memories: a
ride on a merry-go-round; a kitten to play with; a picnic.
Sometimes I chose one just because I knew it would make
her laugh, and I so treasured the sound of that laughter in
this room that had always been so silent.
"But she was like you, Jonas. She wanted to experience
everything. She knew that it was her responsibility. And so
she asked me for more difficult memories."
Jonas held his breath for a moment. "You didn't give her
war, did you? Not after just five weeks?"
The Giver shook his head and sighed. "No. And I didn't
give her physical pain. But I gave her loneliness. And I
gave her loss. I transferred a memory of a child taken from
its parents. That was the first one. She appeared stunned at
Jonas swallowed. Rosemary, and her laughter, had
begun to seem real to him, and he pictured her looking up
from the bed of memories, shocked.
The Giver continued. "I backed off, gave her more little
delights. But everything changed, once she knew about
pain. I could see it in her eyes."
"She wasn't brave enough?" Jonas suggested.
The Giver didn't respond to the question. "She insisted
that I continue, that I not spare her. She said it was her
duty. And I knew, of course, that she was correct.
"I couldn't bring myself to inflict physical pain on her.
But I gave her anguish of many kinds. Poverty, and hunger,
"I had to, Jonas. It was my job. And she had been
chosen." The Giver looked at him imploringly. Jonas
stroked his hand.
"Finally one afternoon, we finished for the day. It had
been a hard session. I tried to finish — as I do with
you — by transferring something happy and cheerful. But
the times of laughter were gone by then. She stood up very
silently, frowning, as if she were making a decision. Then
she came over to me and put her arms around me. She
kissed my cheek." As Jonas watched, The Giver stroked
his own cheek, recalling the touch of Rosemary's lips ten
"She left here that day, left this room, and did not go
back to her dwelling. I was notified by the Speaker that
she had gone directly to the Chief Elder and asked to be
"But it's against the rules! The Receiver-in-training
can't apply for rel — "
"It's in your rules, Jonas. But it wasn't in hers. She
asked for release, and they had to give it to her. I never
saw her again."
So that was the failure, Jonas thought. It was obvious
that it saddened The Giver very deeply. But it didn't seem
such a terrible thing, after all. And he, Jonas, would never
have done it — never have requested release, no matter
now difficult his training became. The Giver needed a
successor, and he had been chosen.
A thought occurred to Jonas. Rosemary had been re-
leased very early in her training. What if something hap-
pened to him, Jonas? He had a whole year's worth of
"Giver," he asked, "I can't request release, I know that.
But what if something happened: an accident? What if I
fell into the river like the little Four, Caleb, did? Well, that
doesn't make sense because I'm a good swimmer. But what
if I couldn't swim, and fell into the river and was
lost? Then there wouldn't be a new Receiver, but you would
already have given away an awful lot of important
memories, so even though they would select a new Re-
ceiver, the memories would be gone except for the shreds
that you have left of them? And then what if — "
He started to laugh, suddenly. "I sound like my sister,
Lily," he said, amused at himself.
The Giver looked at him gravely. "You just stay away
from the river, my friend," he said. "The community lost
Rosemary after five weeks and it was a disaster for them. I
don't know what the community would do if they lost you."
"Why was it a disaster?"
"I think I mentioned to you once," The Giver re-minded
him, "that when she was gone, the memories came back to
the people. If you were to be lost in the river, Jonas, your
memories would not be lost with you. Memories are
"Rosemary had only those five weeks worth, and most of
them were good ones. But there were those few terrible
memories, the ones that had overwhelmed her. For a while
they overwhelmed the community. All those feelings!
They'd never experienced that before.
"I was so devastated by my own grief at her loss, and my
own feeling of failure, that I didn't even try to help them
through it. I was angry, too."
The Giver was quiet for a moment, obviously thinking.
"You know," he said, finally, "if they lost you, with all the
training you've had now, they'd have all those memories
Jonas made a face. "They'd hate that."
"They certainly would. They wouldn't know how to deal
with it at all."
"The only way I deal with it is by having you there to
help me," Jonas pointed out with a sigh.
The Giver nodded. "I suppose," he said slowly, "that I
could — "
"You could what?"
The Giver was still deep in thought. After a moment, he
said, "If you floated off in the river, I suppose I could help
the whole community the way I've helped you. It's an
interesting concept. I need to think about it some more.
Maybe we'll talk about it again sometime. But not now.
"I'm glad you're a good swimmer, Jonas. But stay away
from the river." He laughed a little, but the laughter was
not lighthearted. His thoughts seemed to be else-where, and
his eyes were very troubled.
Jonas glanced at the clock. There was so much work to be
done, always, that he and The Giver seldom simply sat and
talked, the way they just had.
"I'm sorry that I wasted so much time with my ques-
tions," Jonas said. "I was only asking about release be-
cause my father is releasing a newchild today. A twin. He
has to select one and release the other one. They do it by
weight." Jonas glanced at the clock. "Actually, I suppose
he's already finished. I think it was this morning."
The Giver's face took on a solemn look. "I wish they
wouldn't do that," he said quietly, almost to himself.
"Well, they can't have two identical people around!
Think how confusing it would be!" Jonas chuckled.
"I wish I could watch," he added, as an afterthought. He
liked the thought of seeing his father perform the cere-
mony, and making the little twin clean and comfy. His fa-
ther was such a gentle man.
"You can watch," The Giver said.
"No," Jonas told him. "They never let children watch.
It's very private."
"Jonas," The Giver told him, "I know that you read your
training instructions very carefully. Don't you remember
that you are allowed to ask anyone anything?"
Jonas nodded. "Yes, but — "
"Jonas, when you and I have finished our time together,
you will be the new Receiver. You can read the books;
you'll have the memories. You have access to everything. It's
part of your training. If you want to watch a release, you
have simply to ask."
Jonas shrugged. "Well, maybe I will, then. But it's too
late for this one. I'm sure it was this morning."
The Giver told him, then, something he had not known.
"All private ceremonies are recorded. They're in the Hall
of Closed Records. Do you want to see this morning's
Jonas hesitated. He was afraid that his father wouldn't
like it, if he watched something so private.
"I think you should," The Giver told him firmly.
"All right, then," Jonas said. "Tell me how."
The Giver rose from his chair, went to the speaker on
the wall, and clicked the switch from OFF to ON.
The voice spoke immediately. "Yes, Receiver. How
may I help you?"
"I would like to see this morning's release of the twin."
"One moment, Receiver. Thank you for your instruc-
Jonas watched the video screen above the row of
switches. Its blank face began to flicker with zig-zag lines;
then some numbers appeared, followed by the date and
time. He was astonished and delighted that this was avail-
able to him, and surprised that he had not known.
Suddenly he could see a small windowless room, empty
except for a bed, a table with some equipment on it —
Jonas recognized a scale; he had seen them before, when
he'd been doing volunteer hours at the Nurturing Center —
and a cupboard. He could see pale carpeting on the floor.
"It's just an ordinary room," he commented. "I thought
maybe they'd have it in the Auditorium, so that everybody
could come. All the Old go to Ceremonies of Release. But I
suppose that when it's just a newborn, they don't — "
"Shhh," The Giver said, his eyes on the screen.
Jonas's father, wearing his nurturing uniform, entered
the room, cradling a tiny newchild wrapped in a soft blan-
ket in his arms. A uniformed woman followed through the
door, carrying a second newchild wrapped in a similar
"That's my father." Jonas found himself whispering, as
if he might wake the little ones if he spoke aloud. "And the
other Nurturer is his assistant. She's still in training, but
she'll be finished soon."
The two Nurturers unwrapped the blankets and laid the
identical newborns on the bed. They were naked. Jonas
could see that they were males.
He watched, fascinated, as his father gently lifted one
and then the other to the scale and weighed them.
He heard his father laugh. "Good," his father said to the
woman. "I thought for a moment that they might both be
exactly the same. Then we'd have a problem. But this one,"
he handed one, after rewrapping it, to his assistant, "is six
pounds even. So you can clean him up and dress him and
take him over to the Center."
The woman took the newchild and left through the door
she had entered.
Jonas watched as his father bent over the squirming
newchild on the bed. "And you, little guy, you're only five
pounds ten ounces. A shrimp.
"That's the special voice he uses with Gabriel," Jonas
"Watch," The Giver said.
"Now he cleans him up and makes him comfy," Jonas
told him. "He told me."
"Be quiet, Jonas," The Giver commanded in a strange
voice. "Watch. "
Obediently Jonas concentrated on the screen, waiting for
what would happen next. He was especially curious about
the ceremony part.
His father turned and opened the cupboard. He took out
a syringe and a small bottle. Very carefully he inserted the
needle into the bottle and began to fill the syringe with a
Jonas winced sympathetically. He had forgotten that
newchildren had to get shots. He hated shots himself,
though he knew that they were necessary.
To his surprise, his father began very carefully to direct
the needle into the top of newchild's forehead, puncturing
the place where the fragile skin pulsed. The newborn
squirmed, and wailed faintly.
"Why's he — "
"Shhh," The Giver said sharply.
His father was talking, and Jonas realized that he was
hearing the answer to the question he had started to ask.
Still in the special voice, his father was saying, "I know, I
know. It hurts, little guy. But I have to use a vein, and the
veins in your arms are still too teeny-weeny."
He pushed the plunger very slowly, injecting the liquid
into the scalp vein until the syringe was empty.
All done. That wasn't so hard, was it?" Jonas heard his
father say cheerfully. He turned aside and dropped the sy-
ringe into a waste receptacle.
Now he cleans him up and makes him comfy, Jonas said
to himself, aware that The Giver didn't want to talk during
the little ceremony.
As he continued to watch, the newchild, no longer cry-
ing, moved his arms and legs in a jerking motion. Then he
went limp. He head fell to the side, his eyes half open. Then
he was still.
With an odd, shocked feeling, Jonas recognized the
gestures and posture and expression. They were familiar.
He had seen them before. But he couldn't remember where.
Jonas stared at the screen, waiting for something to
happen. But nothing did. The little twin lay motionless. His
father was putting things away. Folding the blanket.
Closing the cupboard.
Once again, as he had on the playing field, he felt the
choking sensation. Once again he saw the face of the light-
haired, bloodied soldier as life left his eyes. The memory
He killed it! My father killed it! Jonas said to himself,
stunned at what he was realizing. He continued to stare at
the screen numbly.
His father tidied the room. Then he picked up a small
carton that lay waiting on the floor, set it on the bed, and
lifted the limp body into it. He placed the lid on tightly.
He picked up the carton and carried it to the other side
of the room. He opened a small door in the wall; Jonas
could see darkness behind the door. It seemed to be the
same sort of chute into which trash was deposited at
His father loaded the carton containing the body into the
chute and gave it a shove.
"Bye-bye, little guy," Jonas heard his father say before
he left the room. Then the screen went blank.
The Giver turned to him. Quite calmly, he related,
"When the Speaker notified me that Rosemary had applied
for release, they turned on the tape to show me the process.
There she was — my last glimpse of that beautiful child —
waiting. They brought in the syringe and asked her to roll
up her sleeve.
"You suggested, Jonas, that perhaps she wasn't brave
enough? I don't know about bravery: what it is, what it
means. I do know that I sat here numb with horror.
Wretched with helplessness. And I listened as Rosemary
told them that she would prefer to inject herself.
"Then she did so. I didn't watch. I looked away."
The Giver turned to him. "Well, there you are, Jonas.
You were wondering about release," he said in a bitter
Jonas felt a ripping sensation inside himself, the feeling
of terrible pain clawing its way forward to emerge in a cry.
"I won't! I won't go home! You can't make me!" Jonas
sobbed and shouted and pounded the bed with his fists.
"Sit up, Jonas," The Giver told him firmly.
Jonas obeyed him. Weeping, shuddering, he sat on the
edge of the bed. He would not look at The Giver.
"You may stay here tonight. I want to talk to you. But
you must be quiet now, while I notify your family unit. No
one must hear you cry."
Jonas looked up wildly. "No one heard that little twin
cry, either! No one but my father!" He collapsed in sobs
The Giver waited silently. Finally Jonas was able to
quiet himself and he sat huddled, his shoulders shaking.
The Giver went to the wall speaker and clicked the
switch to ON.
"Yes, Receiver. How may 1 help you?"
"Notify the new Receiver's family unit that he will be
staying with me tonight, for additional training."
"I will take care of that, sir. Thank you for your in-
structions," the voice said.
"I will take care of that, sir. I will take care of that, sir,"
Jonas mimicked in a cruel, sarcastic voice. "I will do what-
ever you like, sir. I will kill people, sir. Old people? Small
newborn people? I'd be happy to kill them, sir. Thank you
for your instructions, sir. How may I help y — "He
couldn't seem to stop.
The Giver grasped his shoulders firmly. Jonas fell silent
and stared at him.
"Listen to me, Jonas. They can't help it. They know
"You said that to me once before."
"I said it because it's true. It's the way they live. It's the
life that was created for them. It's the same life that you
would have, if you had not been chosen as my successor."
"But he lied to me!" Jonas wept.
"It's what he was told to do, and he knows nothing else."
"What about you? Do you lie to me, too?" Jonas almost
spat the question at The Giver.
"I am empowered to lie. But I have never lied to you."
Jonas stared at him. "Release is always like that? For
people who break the rules three times? For the Old? Do
they kill the Old, too?"
"Yes, it's true."
"And what about Fiona? She loves the Old! She's in
training to care for them. Does she know yet? What will
she do when she finds out? How will she feel?" Jonas
brushed wetness from his face with the back of one hand.
"Fiona is already being trained in the fine art of re-
lease," The Giver told him. "She's very efficient at her
work, your red-haired friend. Feelings are not part of the
life she's learned."
Jonas wrapped his arms around himself and rocked his
own body back and forth. "What should I do? I can't go
back! I can't!"
The Giver stood up. "First, I will order our evening
meal. Then we will eat."
Jonas found himself using the nasty, sarcastic voice
again. "Then we'll have a sharing of feelings?"
The Giver gave a rueful, anguished, empty laugh.
"Jonas, you and I are the only ones who have feelings.
We've been sharing them now for almost a year."
"I'm sorry, Giver," Jonas said miserably. "I don't mean
to be so hateful. Not to you."
The Giver rubbed Jonas's hunched shoulders. "And after
we eat," he went on, "we'll make a plan."
Jonas looked up, puzzled. "A plan for what? There's
nothing. There's nothing we can do. It's always been this
way. Before me, before you, before the ones who came be-
fore you. Back and back and back." His voice trailed the
"Jonas," The Giver said, after a moment, "it's true that it
has been this way for what seems forever. But the mem-
ories tell us that it has not always been. People felt things
once. You and I have been part of that, so we know. We
know that they once felt things like pride, and sorrow, and
"And love," Jonas added, remembering the family scene
that had so affected him. "And pain." He thought again of
"The worst part of holding the memories is not the
pain. It's the loneliness of it. Memories need to be shared."
"I've started to share them with you," Jonas said, try-
ing to cheer him.
"That's true. And having you here with me over the past
year has made me realize that things must change. For years
I've felt that they should, but it seemed so hopeless.
"Now for the first time I think there might be a way,"
The Giver said slowly. "And you brought it to my atten-
tion, barely — " He glanced at the clock, "two hours ago."
Jonas watched him, and listened.
It was late at night, now. They had talked and talked. Jonas
sat wrapped in a robe belonging to The Giver, the long
robe that only Elders wore.
It was possible, what they had planned. Barely possible.
If it failed, he would very likely be killed.
But what did that matter? If he stayed, his life was no
longer worth living.
"Yes," he told The Giver. "I'll do it. I think I can do it.
I'll try, anyway. But I want you to come with me."
The Giver shook his head. "Jonas," he said, "the com-
munity has depended, all these generations, back and back
and back, on a resident Receiver to hold their memories for
them. I've turned over many of them to you in the past
year. And I can't take them back. There's no way for me to
get them back if I have given them.
"So if you escape, once you are gone — and, Jonas, you
know that you can never return — "
Jonas nodded solemnly. It was the terrifying part. "Yes,"
he said, "I know. But if you come with me — "
The Giver shook his head and made a gesture to silence
him. He continued. "If you get away, if you get beyond, if
you get to Elsewhere, it will mean that the community has
to bear the burden themselves, of the memories you had
been holding for them.
"I think that they can, and that they will acquire some
wisdom. But it will be desperately hard for them. When we
lost Rosemary ten years ago, and her memories re-turned to
the people, they panicked. And those were such few
memories, compared to yours. When your memories return,
they'll need help. Remember how I helped you in the
beginning, when the receiving of memories was new to
Jonas nodded. "It was scary at first. And it hurt a lot."
"You needed me then. And now they will."
"It's no use. They'll find someone to take my place.
They'll choose a new Receiver."
"There's no one ready for training, not right away. Oh,
they'll speed up the selection, of course. But I can't think of
another child who has the right qualities — "
"There's a little female with pale eyes. But she's only a
"That's correct. I know the one you mean. Her name is
Katharine. But she's too young. So they will be forced to
bear those memories."
"I want you to come, Giver," Jonas pleaded.
"No. I have to stay here," The Giver said firmly. "I want
to, Jonas. If I go with you, and together we take away all
their protection from the memories, Jonas, the community
will be left with no one to help them. They'll be thrown into
chaos. They'll destroy themselves. I can't go "
"Giver," Jonas suggested, "you and I don't need to care
about the rest of them."
The Giver looked at him with a questioning smile. Jonas
hung his head. Of course they needed to care. It was the
meaning of everything.
"And in any case, Jonas," The Giver sighed, "I wouldn't
make it. I'm very weakened now. Do you know that I no
longer see colors?"
Jonas's heart broke. He reached for The Giver's hand.
"You have the colors," The Giver told him. "And you
have the courage. I will help you to have the strength."
"A year ago," Jonas reminded him, "when I had just
become a Twelve, when I began to see the first color, you
told me that the beginning had been different for you. But
that I wouldn't understand."
The Giver brightened. "That's true. And do you know,
Jonas, that with all your knowledge now, with all your
memories, with all you've learned — still you won't un-
derstand? Because I've been a little selfish. I haven't given
any of it to you. I wanted to keep it for myself to the last."
"When I was just a boy, younger than you, it began to
come to me. But it wasn't the seeing-beyond for me. It was
different. For me, it was hearing-bey ond. "
Jonas frowned, trying to figure that out. "What did you
hear?" he asked.
"Music," The Giver said, smiling. "I began to hear
something truly remarkable, and it is called music. I'll give
you some before I go."
Jonas shook his head emphatically. "No, Giver," he said.
"I want you to keep that, to have with you, when I'm gone."
Jonas went home the next morning, cheerfully greeted his
parents, and lied easily about what a busy, pleasant night he
His father smiled and lied easily, too, about his busy and
pleasant day the day before.
Throughout the school day, as he did his lessons, Jonas
went over the plan in his head. It seemed startlingly simple.
Jonas and The Giver had gone over it and over it, late into
the night hours.
For the next two weeks, as the time for the December
Ceremony approached. The Giver would transfer every
memory of courage and strength that he could to Jonas. He
would need those to help him find the Elsewhere that they
were both sure existed. They knew it would be a very
Then, in the middle of the night before the Ceremony,
Jonas would secretly leave his dwelling. This was probably
the most dangerous part, because it was a violation of a
major rule for any citizen not on official business to leave a
dwelling at night.
"I'll leave at midnight," Jonas said. "The Food Collectors
will be finished picking up the evening-meal remains by
then, and the Path-Maintenance Crews don't start their work
that early. So there won't be anyone to see me, unless of
course someone is out on emergency business."
"I don't know what you should do if you are seen,
Jonas," The Giver had said. "I have memories, of course, of
all kinds of escapes. People fleeing from terrible things
throughout history. But every situation is individual. There
is no memory of one like this."
"I'll be careful," Jonas said. "No one will see me."
"As Receiver-in-training, you're held in very high re-
spect already. So I think you wouldn't be questioned very
"I'd just say I was on some important errand for the
Receiver. I'd say it was all your fault that I was out after
hours," Jonas teased.
They both laughed a little nervously. But Jonas was
certain that he could slip away, unseen, from his house,
carrying an extra set of clothing. Silently he would take his
bicycle to the riverbank and leave it there hidden in bushes
with the clothing folded beside it.
Then he would make his way through the darkness, on
foot, silently, to the Annex.
"There's no nighttime attendant," The Giver explained.
"I'll leave the door unlocked. You simply slip into the room.
I'll be waiting for you."
His parents would discover, when they woke, that he
was gone. They would also find a cheerful note from Jonas
on his bed, telling them that he was going for an early
morning ride along the river; that he would be back for the
His parents would be irritated but not alarmed. They
would think him inconsiderate and they would plan to
chastise him, later.
They would wait, with mounting anger, for him; finally
they would be forced to go, taking Lily to the Ceremony
"They won't say anything to anyone, though," Jonas
said, quite certain. "They won't call attention to my rude-
ness because it would reflect on their parenting. And any-
way, everyone is so involved in the Ceremony that they
probably won't notice that I'm not there. Now that I'm a
Twelve and in training, I don't have to sit with my age
group any more. So Asher will think I'm with my parents,
or with you — "
"And your parents will assume you're with Asher, or
with me — "
Jonas shrugged. "It will take everyone a while to realize
that I'm not there at all."
"And you and I will be long on our way by then."
In the early morning, The Giver would order a vehicle
and driver from the Speaker. He visited the other commu-
nities frequently, meeting with their Elders; his responsi-
bilities extended over all the surrounding areas. So this
would not be an unusual undertaking.
Ordinarily The Giver did not attend the December Cer-
emony. Last year he had been present because of the occa-
sion of Jonas's selection, in which he was so involved. But
his life was usually quite separate from that of the commu-
nity. No one would comment on his absence, or on the fact
that he had chosen this day to be away.
When the driver and vehicle arrived. The Giver would
send the driver on some brief errand. During his absence,
The Giver would help Jonas hide in the storage area of the
vehicle. He would have with him a bundle of food which
The Giver would save from his own meals during the next
The Ceremony would begin, with all the community
there, and by then Jonas and The Giver would be on their
By midday Jonas's absence would become apparent, and
would be a cause for serious concern. The Ceremony
would not be disrupted — such a disruption would be
unthinkable. But searchers would be sent out into the
By the time his bicycle and clothing were found. The
Giver would be returning. Jonas, by then, would be on his
own, making his journey Elsewhere.
The Giver, on his return, would find the community in a
state of confusion and panic. Confronted by a situation
which they had never faced before, and having no memo-
ries from which to find either solace or wisdom, they
would not know what to do and would seek his advice.
He would go to the Auditorium where the people would
be gathered, still. He would stride to the stage and
command their attention.
He would make the solemn announcement that Jonas
had been lost in the river. He would immediately begin the
Ceremony of Loss.
"Jonas, Jonas," they would say loudly, as they had once
said the name of Caleb. The Giver would lead the chant.
Together they would let Jonas's presence in their lives fade
away as they said his name in unison more slowly, softer
and softer, until he was disappearing from them, until he
was no more than an occasional murmur and then, by the
end of the long day, gone forever, not to be mentioned
Their attention would turn to the overwhelming task of
bearing the memories themselves. The Giver would help
"Yes, I understand that they'll need you," Jonas had said at
the end of the lengthy discussion and planning. "But
I'll need you, too. Please come with me." He knew the an-
swer even as he made the final plea.
"My work will be finished," The Giver had replied
gently, "when I have helped the community to change and
"I'm grateful to you, Jonas, because without you I
would never have figured out a way to bring about the
change. But your role now is to escape. And my role is to
"But don't you want to be with me, Giver?" Jonas asked
The Giver hugged him. "I love you, Jonas," he said.
"But I have another place to go. When my work here is
finished, I want to be with my daughter."
Jonas had been staring glumly at the floor. Now he
looked up, startled. "I didn't know you had a daughter,
Giver! You told me that you'd had a spouse. But I never
knew about your daughter."
The Giver smiled, and nodded. For the first time in their
long months together, Jonas saw him look truly happy.
"Her name was Rosemary," The Giver said.
It would work. They could make it work, Jonas told him-
self again and again throughout the day.
But that evening everything changed. All of it — all the
things they had thought through so meticulously — fell
That night, Jonas was forced to flee. He left the dwelling
shortly after the sky became dark and the community still. It
was terribly dangerous because some of the work crews
were still about, but he moved stealthily and silently, stay-
ing in the shadows, making his way past the darkened
dwellings and the empty Central Plaza, toward the river.
Beyond the Plaza he could see the House of the Old, with
the Annex behind it, outlined against the night sky. But he
could not stop there. There was no time. Every minute
counted now, and every minute must take him farther from
Now he was on the bridge, hunched over on the bicycle,
pedaling steadily. He could see the dark, churning water
He felt, surprisingly, no fear, nor any regret at leaving
the community behind. But he felt a very deep sadness that
he had left his closest friend behind. He knew that in the
danger of his escape he must be absolutely silent; but with
his heart and mind, he called back and hoped that with his
capacity for hearing-beyond, The Giver would know that
Jonas had said goodbye.
It had happened at the evening meal. The family unit was
eating together as always: Lily chattering away, Mother and
Father making their customary comments (and lies, Jonas
knew) about the day. Nearby, Gabriel played happily on the
floor, babbling his baby talk, looking with glee now and
then toward Jonas, obviously delighted to have him back
after the unexpected night away from the dwelling.
Father glanced down toward the toddler. "Enjoy it, little
guy," he said. "This is your last night as visitor."
"What do you mean?" Jonas asked him.
Father sighed with disappointment. "Well, you know he
wasn't here when you got home this morning because we
had him stay overnight at the Nurturing Center. It seemed
like a good opportunity, with you gone, to give it a try.
He'd been sleeping so soundly."
"Didn't it go well?" Mother asked sympathetically.
Father gave a rueful laugh. "That's an understatement. It
was a disaster. He cried all night, apparently. The night
crew couldn't handle it. They were really frazzled by the
time I got to work."
"Gabe, you naughty thing," Lily said, with a scolding
little cluck toward the grinning toddler on the floor. "So,"
Father went on, "we obviously had to make the
decision. Even I voted for Gabriel's release when we had
the meeting this afternoon."
Jonas put down his fork and stared at his father. "Re-
lease?" he asked.
Father nodded. "We certainly gave it our best try, didn't
"Yes, we did," Mother agreed emphatically.
Lily nodded in agreement, too.
Jonas worked at keeping his voice absolutely calm.
"When?" he asked. "When will he be released?"
"First thing tomorrow morning. We have to start our
preparations for the Naming Ceremony, so we thought we'd
get this taken care of right away.
"It's bye-bye to you, Gabe, in the morning," Father had
said, in his sweet, sing-song voice.
Jonas reached the opposite side of the river, stopped
briefly, and looked back. The community where his entire
life had been lived lay behind him now, sleeping. At dawn,
the orderly, disciplined life he had always known would
continue again, without him. The life where nothing was
ever unexpected. Or inconvenient. Or unusual. The life
without color, pain, or past.
He pushed firmly again at the pedal with his foot and
continued riding along the road. It was not safe to spend
time looking back. He thought of the rules he had broken
so far: enough that if he were caught, now, he would be
First, he had left the dwelling at night. A major trans-
Second, he had robbed the community of food: a very
serious crime, even though what he had taken was left-
overs, set out on the dwelling doorsteps for collection.
Third, he had stolen his father's bicycle. He had hesi-
tated for a moment, standing beside the bikeport in the
darkness, not wanting anything of his father's and uncer-
tain, as well, whether he could comfortably ride the larger
bike when he was so accustomed to his own.
But it was necessary because it had the child seat at-
tached to the back.
And he had taken Gabriel, too.
He could feel the little head nudge his back, bouncing
gently against him as he rode. Gabriel was sleeping
soundly, strapped into the seat. Before he had left the
dwelling, he had laid his hands firmly on Gabe's back and
transmitted to him the most soothing memory he could: a
slow-swinging hammock under palm trees on an island
someplace, at evening, with a rhythmic sound of languid
water lapping hypnotically against a beach nearby. As the
memory seeped from him into the newchild, he could feel
Gabe's sleep ease and deepen. There had been no stir at all
when Jonas lifted him from the crib and placed him gently
into the molded seat.
He knew that he had the remaining hours of night be-
fore they would be aware of his escape. So he rode hard,
steadily, willing himself not to tire as the minutes and miles
passed. There had been no time to receive the memories he
and The Giver had counted on, of strength and courage. So
he relied on what he had, and hoped it would be enough.
He circled the outlying communities, their dwellings
dark. Gradually the distances between communities wid-
ened, with longer stretches of empty road. His legs ached
at first; then, as time passed, they became numb.
At dawn Gabriel began to stir. They were in an isolated
place; fields on either side of the road were dotted with
thickets of trees here and there. He saw a stream, and made
his way to it across a rutted, bumpy meadow; Gabriel,
wide awake now, giggled as the bicycle jolted him up and
Jonas unstrapped Gabe, lifted him from the bike, and
watched him investigate the grass and twigs with delight.
Carefully he hid the bicycle in thick bushes.
"Morning meal, Gabe!" He unwrapped some of the food
and fed them both. Then he filled the cup he had brought
with water from the stream and held it for Gabriel to drink.
He drank thirstily himself, and sat by the stream, watching
the newchild play.
He was exhausted. He knew he must sleep, resting his
own muscles and preparing himself for more hours on the
bicycle. It would not be safe to travel in daylight.
They would be looking for him soon.
He found a place deeply hidden in the trees, took the
newchild there, and lay down, holding Gabriel in his arms.
Gabe struggled cheerfully as if it were a wrestling game,
the kind they had played back in the dwelling, with tickles
"Sorry, Gabe," Jonas told him. "I know it's morning,
and I know you just woke up. But we have to sleep now."
He cuddled the small body close to him, and rubbed the
little back. He murmured to Gabriel soothingly. Then
he pressed his hands firmly and transmitted a memory of
deep, contented exhaustion. Gabriel's head nodded, after a
moment, and fell against Jonas's chest.
Together the fugitives slept through the first dangerous
The most terrifying thing was the planes. By now, days
had passed; Jonas no longer knew how many. The journey
had become automatic: the sleep by days, hidden in un-
derbrush and trees; the finding of water; the careful divi-
sion of scraps of food, augmented by what he could find in
the fields. And the endless, endless miles on the bicycle by
His leg muscles were taut now. They ached when he
settled himself to sleep. But they were stronger, and he
stopped now less often to rest. Sometimes he paused and
lifted Gabriel down for a brief bit of exercise, running
down the road or through a field together in the dark. But
always, when he returned, strapped the uncomplaining
toddler into the seat again, and remounted, his legs were
So he had enough strength of his own, and had not
needed what The Giver might have provided, had there
But when the planes came, he wished that he could have
received the courage.
He knew they were search planes. They flew so low that
they woke him with the noise of their engines, and some-
times, looking out and up fearfully from the hiding places,
he could almost see the faces of the searchers.
He knew that they could not see color, and that their
flesh, as well as Gabriel's light golden curls, would be no
more than smears of gray against the colorless foliage. But
he remembered from his science and technology studies at
school that the search planes used heat-seeking devices
which could identify body warmth and would hone in on
two humans huddled in shrubbery.
So always, when he heard the aircraft sound, he reached
to Gabriel and transmitted memories of snow, keeping some
for himself. Together they became cold; and when the
planes were gone, they would shiver, holding each other,
until sleep came again.
Sometimes, urging the memories into Gabriel, Jonas felt
that they were more shallow, a little weaker than they had
been. It was what he had hoped, and what he and The Giver
had planned: that as he moved away from the community,
he would shed the memories and leave them be-hind for the
people. But now, when he needed them, when the planes
came, he tried hard to cling to what he still had, of cold,
and to use it for their survival.
Usually the aircraft came by day, when they were hid-
ing. But he was alert at night, too, on the road, always lis-
tening intently for the sound of the engines. Even Gabriel
listened, and would call out, "Plane! Plane!" sometimes
before Jonas had heard the terrifying noise. When the air-
craft searchers came, as they did occasionally, during the
night as they rode, Jonas sped to the nearest tree or bush,
dropped to the ground, and made himself and Gabriel cold.
But it was sometimes a frighteningly close call.
As he pedaled through the nights, through isolated
landscape now, with the communities far behind and no
sign of human habitation around him or ahead, he was
constantly vigilant, looking for the next nearest hiding place
should the sound of engines come.
But the frequency of the planes diminished. They came
less often, and flew, when they did come, less slowly, as if
the search had become haphazard and no longer hopeful.
Finally there was an entire day and night when they did not
come at all.
Now the landscape was changing. It was a subtle change,
hard to identify at first. The road was narrower, and bumpy,
apparently no longer tended by road crews. It was harder,
suddenly, to balance on the bike, as the front wheel wobbled
over stones and ruts.
One night Jonas fell, when the bike jolted to a sudden
stop against a rock. He grabbed instinctively for Gabriel; and
the newchild, strapped tightly in his seat, was uninjured,
only frightened when the bike fell to its side. But Jonas's
ankle was twisted, and his knees were scraped and raw,
blood seeping through his tom trousers. Painfully he righted
himself and the bike, and reassured Gabe.
Tentatively he began to ride in daylight. He had forgot-
ten the fear of the searchers, who seemed to have diminished
into the past. But now there were new fears; the unfamiliar
landscape held hidden, unknown perils.
Trees became more numerous, and the forests beside the
road were dark and thick with mystery. They saw streams
more frequently now and stopped often to drink. Jonas
carefully washed his injured knees, wincing as he rubbed at
the raw flesh. The constant ache of his swollen ankle was
eased when he soaked it occasionally in the cold water that
rushed through roadside gullies.
He was newly aware that Gabriel's safety depended en-
tirely upon his own continued strength.
They saw their first waterfall, and for the first time
"Plane! Plane!" Gabriel called, and Jonas turned swiftly
into the trees, though he had not seen planes in days, and
he did not hear an aircraft engine now. When he stopped
the bicycle in the shrubbery and turned to grab Gabe, he
saw the small chubby arm pointing toward the sky.
Terrified, he looked up, but it was not a plane at all.
Though he had never seen one before, he identified it from
his fading memories, for The Giver had given them to him
often. It was a bird.
Soon there were many birds along the way, soaring
overhead, calling. They saw deer; and once, beside the road,
looking at them curious and unafraid, a small reddish-
brown creature with a thick tail, whose name Jonas did not
know. He slowed the bike and they stared at one an-other
until the creature turned away and disappeared into the
All of it was new to him. After a life of Sameness and
predictability, he was awed by the surprises that lay beyond
each curve of the road. He slowed the bike again and again
to look with wonder at wildflowers, to enjoy the throaty
warble of a new bird nearby, or merely to watch the way
wind shifted the leaves in the trees. During his twelve years
in the community, he had never felt such simple moments
of exquisite happiness.
But there were desperate fears building in him now as
well. The most relentless of his new fears was that they
would starve. Now that they had left the cultivated fields
behind them, it was almost impossible to find food. They
finished the meager store of potatoes and carrots they had
saved from the last agricultural area, and now they were
Jonas knelt by a stream and tried without success to
catch a fish with his hands. Frustrated, he threw rocks into
the water, knowing even as he did so that it was useless.
Finally, in desperation, he fashioned a makeshift net,
looping the strands of Gabriel's blanket around a curved
After countless tries, the net yielded two flopping sil-
very fish. Methodically Jonas hacked them to pieces with a
sharp rock and fed the raw shreds to himself and to Ga-
briel. They ate some berries, and tried without success to
catch a bird.
At night, while Gabriel slept beside him, Jonas lay
awake, tortured by hunger, and remembered his life in the
community where meals were delivered to each dwelling
He tried to use the flagging power of his memory to re-
create meals, and managed brief, tantalizing fragments:
banquets with huge roasted meats; birthday parties with
thick-frosted cakes; and lush fruits picked and eaten, sun-
warmed and dripping, from trees.
But when the memory glimpses subsided, he was left
with the gnawing, painful emptiness. Jonas remembered,
suddenly and grimly, the time in his childhood when he had
been chastised for misusing a word. The word had been
"starving." You have never been starving, he had been told.
You will never be starving.
Now he was. If he had stayed in the community, he
would not be. It was as simple as that. Once he had yearned
for choice. Then, when he had had a choice, he had made
the wrong one: the choice to leave. And now he was
But if he had stayed ...
His thoughts continued. If he had stayed, he would have
starved in other ways. He would have lived a life hungry
for feelings, for color, for love.
And Gabriel? For Gabriel there would have been no life
at all. So there had not really been a choice.
It became a struggle to ride the bicycle as Jonas weak-
ened from lack of food, and realized at the same time that
he was encountering something he had for a long time
yearned to see: hills. His sprained ankle throbbed as he
forced the pedal downward in an effort that was almost
And the weather was changing. It rained for two days.
Jonas had never seen rain, though he had experienced it
often in the memories. He had liked those rains, enjoyed
the new feeling of it, but this was different. He and Gabriel
became cold and wet, and it was hard to get dry, even when
sunshine occasionally followed.
Gabriel had not cried during the long frightening jour-
ney. Now he did. He cried because he was hungry and cold
and terribly weak. Jonas cried, too, for the same reasons,
and another reason as well. He wept because he was afraid
now that he could not save Gabriel. He no longer cared
Jonas felt more and more certain that the destination lay
ahead of him, very near now in the night that was ap-
proaching. None of his senses confirmed it. He saw nothing
ahead except the endless ribbon of road unfolding in
twisting narrow curves. He heard no sound ahead.
Yet he felt it: felt that Elsewhere was not far away. But
he had little hope left that he would be able to reach it. His
hope diminished further when the sharp, cold air began to
blur and thicken with swirling white.
Gabriel, wrapped in his inadequate blanket, was
hunched, shivering, and silent in his little seat. Jonas
stopped the bike wearily, lifted the child down, and real-
ized with heartbreak how cold and weak Gabe had be-
Standing in the freezing mound that was thickening
around his numb feet, Jonas opened his own tunic, held
Gabriel to his bare chest, and tied the tom and dirty blanket
around them both. Gabriel moved feebly against him and
whimpered briefly into the silence that surrounded them.
Dimly, from a nearly forgotten perception as blurred as
the substance itself, Jonas recalled what the whiteness was.
"It's called snow, Gabe," Jonas whispered. "Snow-
flakes. They fall down from the sky, and they're very
There was no response from the child who had once
been so curious and alert. Jonas looked down through the
dusk at the little head against his chest. Gabriel's curly hair
was matted and filthy, and there were tearstains out-lined
in dirt on his pale cheeks. His eyes were closed. As Jonas
watched, a snowflake drifted down and was caught briefly
for a moment's sparkle in the tiny fluttering eye-lashes.
Wearily he remounted the bicycle. A steep hill loomed
ahead. In the best of conditions, the hill would have been a
difficult, demanding ride. But now the rapidly deepening
snow obscured the narrow road and made the ride im-
possible. His front wheel moved forward imperceptibly as
he pushed on the pedals with his numb, exhausted legs.
But the bicycle stopped. It would not move.
He got off and let it drop sideways into the snow. For a
moment he thought how easy it would be to drop beside it
himself, to let himself and Gabriel slide into the softness of
snow, the darkness of night, the warm comfort of sleep.
But he had come this far. He must try to go on.
The memories had fallen behind him now, escaping
from his protection to return to the people of his commu-
nity. Were there any left at all? Could he hold onto a last
bit of warmth? Did he still have the strength to Give?
Could Gabriel still Receive?
He pressed his hands into Gabriel's back and tried to
remember sunshine. For a moment it seemed that nothing
came to him, that his power was completely gone. Then it
flickered suddenly, and he felt tiny tongues of heat begin to
creep across and into his frozen feet and legs. He felt his
face begin to glow and the tense, cold skin of his arms and
hands relax. For a fleeting second he felt that he wanted to
keep it for himself, to let himself bathe in sunlight, unbur-
dened by anything or anyone else.
But the moment passed and was followed by an urge, a
need, a passionate yearning to share the warmth with the
one person left for him to love. Aching from the effort, he
forced the memory of warmth into the thin, shivering body
in his arms.
Gabriel stirred. For a moment they both were bathed in
warmth and renewed strength as they stood hugging each
other in the blinding snow.
Jonas began to walk up the hill.
The memory was agonizingly brief. He had trudged no
more than a few yards through the night when it was gone
and they were cold again.
But his mind was alert now. Warming himself ever so
briefly had shaken away the lethargy and resignation and
restored his will to survive. He began to walk faster on feet
that he could no longer feel. But the hill was treacherously
steep; he was impeded by the snow and his own lack of
strength. He didn't make it very far before he stumbled and
On his knees, unable to rise, Jonas tried a second time.
His consciousness grasped at a wisp of another warm
memory, and tried desperately to hold it there, to enlarge it,
and pass it into Gabriel. His spirits and strength lifted with
the momentary warmth and he stood. Again, Gabriel stirred
against him as he began to climb.
But the memory faded, leaving him colder than before.
If only he had had time to receive more warmth from
The Giver before he escaped! Maybe there would be more
left for him now. But there was no purpose in if-onlys. His
entire concentration now had to be on moving his feet,
warming Gabriel and himself, and going forward.
He climbed, stopped, and warmed them both briefly
again, with a tiny scrap of memory that seemed certainly to
be all he had left.
The top of the hill seemed so far away, and he did not
know what lay beyond. But there was nothing left to do but
continue. He trudged upward.
As he approached the summit of the hill at last, some-
thing began to happen. He was not warmer; if anything, he
felt more numb and more cold. He was not less exhausted;
on the contrary, his steps were leaden, and he could barely
move his freezing, tired legs.
But he began, suddenly, to feel happy. He began to re-
call happy times. He remembered his parents and his sister.
He remembered his friends, Asher and Fiona. He
remembered The Giver.
Memories of joy flooded through him suddenly.
He reached the place where the hill crested and he could
feel the ground under his snow-covered feet become level. It
would not be uphill anymore.
"We're almost there, Gabriel," he whispered, feeling
quite certain without knowing why. "I remember this place,
Gabe." And it was true. But it was not a grasping of a thin
and burdensome recollection; this was different. This was
something that he could keep. It was a memory of his own.
He hugged Gabriel and rubbed him briskly, warming
him, to keep him alive. The wind was bitterly cold. The
snow swirled, blurring his vision. But somewhere ahead,
through the blinding storm, he knew there was warmth and
Using his final strength, and a special knowledge that
was deep inside him, Jonas found the sled that was waiting
for them at the top of the hill. Numbly his hands fumbled
for the rope.
He settled himself on the sled and hugged Gabe close.
The hill was steep but the snow was powdery and soft, and
he knew that this time there would be no ice, no fall, no
pain. Inside his freezing body, his heart surged with hope.
They started down.
Jonas felt himself losing consciousness and with his
whole being willed himself to stay upright atop the sled,
clutching Gabriel, keeping him safe. The runners sliced
through the snow and the wind whipped at his face as they
sped in a straight line through an incision that seemed to
lead to the final destination, the place that he had always
felt was waiting, the Elsewhere that held their future and
He forced his eyes open as they went downward, down-
ward, sliding, and all at once he could see lights, and he
recognized them now. He knew they were shining through
the windows of rooms, that they were the red, blue, and
yellow lights that twinkled from trees in places where fam-
ilies created and kept memories, where they celebrated
Downward, downward, faster and faster. Suddenly he
was aware with certainty and joy that below, ahead, they
were waiting for him; and that they were waiting, too, for the
baby. For the first time, he heard something that he knew to
be music. Fie heard people singing.
Behind him, across vast distances of space and time, from
the place he had left, he thought he heard music too. But
perhaps it was only an echo.