Skip to main content

Full text of "COOKING-STOVE - United States Patent 370"

See other formats

No. 370. 

Cooking Stove. 

2 Sheets— Sheet 1. 
Patented Aug. 31, 1837. 



Cooking Stove. 

2 Sheets— Sheet 2. 
Patented Aug. 31, 1837. 

N. PETERS. PlHrto-LHhograplw. Wathtngton. D. C. 


Specification of letters Patent Ho. 370, dated August 31, 1837. 

To all whom it may concern : 

Be it known that I, John S. Leavitt, of 
Turner, in the county of Oxford and State 
of Jtfaine, have invented a new useful Im- 
5 provement in Cooking-Stoves; and I do 
hereby declare the following is a full and 
exact description, reference being made to 
the accompanying drawings. 

Plate I represents the stove with the fire 

10 place as shown when put up ready for use. 
A represents the front piece or plate over 
the fire place. 1, 1 represents another plate 
or piece about three inches wide immediately 
above A. B represents a damper which closes 

15 a valve above the fire place, when this valve 
is closed the smoke passes under the plate 
upon which the damper slides and through 
an opening in the back of the fire place into 
the chimney and up the flue thereof as in 

20 common fire frames. C represents the door 
of the oven. D the oven. E one side of the 
fire place. F the clamper that closes the 
valve over the oven. G the top of the stove 
over the oven. H the boiler on the top of 

25 the stove over the oven. I the funnel of 
the stove. J the plate at the right hand of 
the oven. K represents the plate upon 
which is placed two small boilers L and M. 
N the small plate in the rise between the 

30 large and small boilers. O represents the 
large boiler. P the plate upon which it 
stands. Q the end of the stove at the right 
hand. E, the corner of the stove between the 
end of the stove at the right hand and the 

35 door of the furnace. S represents the fur- 
nace. The piece marked 2 represents the 
plate above and on the right side of the door. 
T represents the door of the furnace. U, 
the hearth around the furnace. V the side 

40 of the fire place. W and X the legs of the 
stove. Y the back of the fire place. Z the 
hearth upon which the stove stands. The 
clots on the plates marked B. Q- represent 
two air holes. 

45 Plate II is a view of the stove with a part 
of the top and some of the front plates taken 
away in order to show more fully the inte- 
rior structure of it. 

The same letters refer to corresponding 

50 parts in Plate I. The crooked arrows show 
the course of the flame and smoke from the 
furnace S. 

Plate III is a section of the stove also 
showing the course or direction of the flame 
55 and smoke from the furnace and fire place. 
The letters refer to the corresponding parts 
on Plate I. 

Operation: When used for cooking or 
the common purposes to which such stoves 
are put, a fire is put into the furnace S and 60 
the flame regulated by means of the dampers 
described above. As many people are de- 
sirous of seeing the fire, or prefer an open 
fire place to sit by, a fire may be put into 
the fire place Y whenever necessary or in 65 
evenings. Much of the heat from the fire 
place may be sent up around the oven and 
under the boilers L and M by drawing back 
the clamper B. 

Different sizes of lids or covers may be put 70 
upon the openings over the top for dif- 
ferent sized boilers as in the usual way. 

It will be seen that the nature of my im- 
provement consists in the arrangement of 
the boilers — in the mode of conveying heat 75 
from the furnace to the boilers — in the ar- 
rangement of the oven and the manner in 
which it is heated— in the open fire place 
and the manner of conveying heat from it 
through the orifice in the top and also in SO 
the combination of the several parts of the 
stove — in reference to the space which, it is 
to occupy. 

The small boilers are heated directly by 
the fire communicated from the furnace be- b-5 
neath without the intervention of any ob- 
stacle whatever. This is not the case in any 
other cooking stoves within my knowledge. 
The oven which is situated higher than any ■ 
other part of the stove, has a vacant space 9o 
on the right hand and on the left hand and 
also over its top as well as under its bottom ; . 
through which space the heat is conveyed 
directly from the furnace or from the top of 
the fire place by which means it may be ti'6 
readily heated. 

The clamper B covers the opening through 
which the heat from the fire place passes. 

What. I claim as my improvement is — 

The combination and adaptation of an 100 
open fire place with a cooking stove having 
a furnace, oven boilers holes &c, substan- 
tially as above described. 

In testimony that the above is .a true 
specification of my said improvement I have 105 
hereunto set my hand this twenty first dav 
of April 1837. 


In presence of — 
Job Prince, 
Charles Colsen.