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ciucen flDanjarct College flDeMcal Club. 

OPENING LECTURE 
nv 

Dr. JAMES FINLAYSON. 

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Session 1896 - 97 . 


Members of the Medical Profession in Glasg^ow 
of wide celebrity.” 


Memoranda. 


PETER LOWE. 1550(1) — 15th August, 1610. — Suppose<l 
by some to be a native of Errol from his title “ Arelliaii,” 
certainly a “ Scottishman.” — “ Doctor in the Facultie of 
Chirurgorie in Paris and Chirurgian Ordinarie to the most 
Victorious and Christian King of Fraunce and Nauarre,” 


Chief Chirurgeon to Prince Henry (Son of James 

Founder of the Faculty of Physicians and Sur/(e^k * ‘ ^ • 


:ulty of Physicians and Sur^e^S^ * 
Glasgow ; Charter dated penult day of Noveml>er, 1599, 




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Peter Lowe { continued ). 

Works. — “Spanish Sicknes,” London, 1596. — “Whole 
Course of Chirurgerie,” London, 1597, 1612, 1634, 1654. — 
“Presages of Diuine Hyppocrates,” London, 1597, 1611, 
1633, 1653. — His work on Surgery was the first original 
systematic treatise on the whole of Surgery published in 
this country. — His translation was the first into English of 
any portion of the Hippocratic writings. — An Abstract of 
“ Spanish Sicknes ” is given by Astruc, “ De Morbis 
Venereis,” second edition, 2 vols., Venice, 1774. 

References. — Finlayson, “Peter Lowe,” 1889. — Duncan, 
“ Memorials of the Glasgow Faculty,” 1896. — “Dictionary of 
National Biography,” 1893. — “ Momorial Catalogue of the 
Old Glasgow Exhibition,” 1894, Glasgow, 1896. 

Portrait in oil in Faculty Hall, Glasgow j photogravure 
in Finlayson’s and Duncan’s Memoirs. 

SYLVESTER RATTRAY. .— “ Ane Angus 

man borne.” — Married in May, 1652. — M.D. of ? — 

Admitted to Glasgow Faculty, as a Physician, about 1657. — 
Attended at illness of a son of Principal Baillie, Glasgow 
University. 

Works. — “ Aditus novus ad occultas sympathise et 
antipathiie causas inveniendas ; per principia philosophise 
naturalis, ex fermentorum artificiosa anatomia hausta, pate- 
factus,” 12mo, Glasguse, Excudebat Andreas Anderson, 
1658. — The same, Tubingen, 1660. — Also contained in 
“Theatrum Sympatheticumauctum, exhibens varios authores 


3 


Sylvester Rattray {continued). 
de pulvere syrapathetico. Pnemittitur his Sylvestri Rattray 
Aditus ad Sympathiam et Antipathiam,” 4to, Norenibergse, 
1662. — “Prognosis medica ad usum praxeos facili methodo 
digests,” 12ino, Glasgua?, 1666. 

References. — Duncan, “ Memorials of the Glasgow 
Faculty,” 1896. — “ Dictionary of National Biography,” 
1896. — “ Lamont’s Diary,” p. 42. 

ROBERT HOUSTON. 1664 (t)— 15th May, 1734.— 
Born and educated in Glasgow ; son of a Glasgow Surgeon. 
— M.A. Glasgow. — Member of Glasgow Faculty a little 
after 1684. — Obtained M.D. from Glasgow University, 
1712 ; their third Doctor of Medicine. — F.R.S. Lond., 1725. 
— First Ovariotomy performed by him, while practising in 
Glasgow in 1701 — t.c., seventy years before Ephraim 
M ‘Dowell was born. — Subsequently practised in London. 

Works. — Report of his Ovariotomy Case in Philomjthical 
Trawtaciione of Hie Royal Society of lAmdon, vol. xxxiii, 
London, 1726. — Also an important case of extra-uterine 
pregnancy in the same Transactions^ vol. xxxii, London, 

1725. — Also two books: — “Lithotoinus Castratus,” ic., 
London, 1723; “The History of Ruptures,” <tc., London, 

1726. 

References. — Lawson Tait, “Diseases of the Ovaries,” 
fourth edition, 1883. — Duncan, “ Memorials of the Glasgow 
Faculty,” 1896. — Finlayson, article in Janus, Amsterdam, 
November, 1896. 


4 


WILLIAM CULLEN. 1710— 1790.— Born in Hamilton. 
— M.D. Glasgow, 1740. — Member of the Glasgow Faculty, 
1744. — Was apprenticed to John Paisley, a Glasgow Surgeon. 
— Began practice in Hamilton, and had William Hunter as 
a pupil while there. — Settled in Glasgow, 1744, and began 
to lecture, extra-murally, on Medicine, Chemistry, &c., that 
very winter; subsequently, by arrangement with the 
professor, in Glasgow College. — Professor of Medicine in 
Glasgow University, 1751-55. — Thereafter, Professor in 
Edinburgh University, first of Chemistry and then of 
Medicine. 

Principal Works which went through various editions 
and some translations. — “Synopsis Nosologia3,” 1769. — 
“Institutions of Medicine,” 1772. — “Materia Medica,” 
1772, unauthorised ; authorised, 1773, 1789. — “ First Lines 
of the Practice of Medicine,” 1776-83. — “Clinical Lec- 
tures,” 1797. 

References. — Thomson, “ Life of Cullen,” 2 vols., 1859. 
— Richardson, Asclepiad, 1890. — Chambers, “Biographical 
Dictionary,” 1870. — Duncan, “Memorials of the Glasgow 
Faculty,” 1896. — Pettigrew, “ Medical Portrait Gallery,” 
1838-40. — “ Dictionary of National Biography,” 1888. 

Portrait in oil in the Senate Hall, Glasgow Univer- 
sity. — Also a copy in Glasgow Faculty Hall. — Engravings 
in Pettigrew’s “Portrait Gallery” and Chambers’ “Dic- 
tionary,” also in Richardson’s Asclepiad. 


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JOSEPH BLACK. 1728— 1799.— Born in Bordeaux.- 
Eklucated in Belfast and Glasgow. — A student in Cullen’s 
classes in Glasgow University. — Completed his course at 
Edinburgh. — Graduated M.D. Edin., 1754; Thesis, “De 
huinore acido a cibis orto, et magnesia alba this contained 
an exposition of his discovery of “ fixed air.” — Member of 
the Glasgow Faculty, 1757. — Lecturer on Chemistry in 
Glasgow University, 1756. — Professor of Anatomy in 
Glasgow University in 1756-57. — Professor of Medicine in 
Glasgow University, 1757-66. — Professor of Chemistry in 
Edinburgh University, 1766-99. — Doctrine of Latent Heat 
expounded in Glasgow, 1761. — Associated with James Watt, 
in Glasgow, in experiments on heat and steam. — Had a 
considerable practice as a physician while in Glasgow. 

Works. — “Experiments on Magnesia, Quicklime, and 
other alkaline substances,” Edin., 1782. [This is an ex- 
pansion of his graduation Thesis]. — Various other papers. — 
“ Lectures on the Elements of Chemistry, published from 
his MSS. by John Robison,” 2 vols., 4to, Etlin., 1803. 
[Prefixed to this is a sketch of his life by Robison.] 

References. — Robison’s sketch in “ Black’s Lectures,” 
1803. — “ Dictionary of National Biography,” 1886. — 
Richardson, Aschpiad, 1890. — Chambers, “Dictionary of 
Biography,” 1870. 

Portrait. — Engraving prefixed to Lectures ; also in 
Richardson’s Asclepuui. An oil painting in Glasgow Faculty 
is a copy. 


6 


ROBERT WATT. 1774 — 1819. — Born in Stewarton, 

Ayrshire. — Studied Arts and Divinity, 1793-97, at Glasgow 
University; also studied, 1797-99, at Edinburgh Medical 
School. — Licensed by Glasgow Faculty, 1799. — Member of 
Glasgow Faculty, 1807. — M.D. Aberdeen, 1810. — Practised 
at first in Paisley, and from 1810 in Glasgow. — Lecturer on 
Medicine in Glasgow, 1811-16. — Physician to the Glasgow 
Royal Infirmary, 1814-17. — President of the Glasgow 
Faculty, 1814-16. 


Works. — “ Diabetes,” Paisley, 1808. — “ Chincough,” 
with Appendix on Mortality of Children in Glasgow, 1813. 
— “Rules of Life,” 1814. — “ Bibliotheca Britannica,” 4 vols., 
4to, 1819-24. — Various papers in journals and transactions. 


References. — Chambers, “Dictionary of Biography,” 
first edition, 1835. — Duncan, “Memorials of Glasgow 
Faculty,” 1896. — Finlayson, Sketch of Watt’s Life and 
Works, to be published shortly with photogravure of 
portrait. — “ Memorial Catalogue of the Old Glasgow 
Exhibition, 1894,” Glasgow, 1896. 

Portraits. — Two portraits in oil in Faculty Hall, 
Glasgow, one supposed to be by Raeburn ; a third in 
possession of Mrs. Whitelaw, Rowmore, Row. — Photogravure 
(see above). 


I 


THOMAS THOMSON. 1773— 1852.— Born at Crieff. 

— Educated at Stirling, St. Andrews, and Edinburgh. — 
M.D. Edin., 1799. — Lecturer on Chemistry in Edinburgh, 
1800-11. — Member of Glasgow Faculty, 1820. — F.R.S., 
1811. — Lecturer, 1817, and Professor of Chemistry in 
Glasgow University, 1818-52. — Physician to Glasgow 
Royal Infirmary, 1820-21. — Introduced the use of symbols 
in chemistry. 

Principal Works. — Editor of third edition of “ Encyclo- 
piedia Britannica” from 1796. — ‘‘System of Chemistry,” 
4 vols., 1802, seventh edition, 1831 ; and “ Vegetable and 
Animal Bodies,” 1838, 1843, — “Elements of Chemistry,” 
1810. — “History of the Royal Society,” 1812. — “An 
Attempt to Establish the First Principles of Chemistry by 
Experiment,” 2 vols., 1825. — “ History of Chemistry,” 2 vols., 
1830. — “Outlines of Mineralogy,” 2 vols., 1836. — Started 
and edited Annnh of Philoaop/iy, 1813-22. — Numerous 
papers in journals and transactions (see catalogue of 
scientific publications compiled by the Royal Society). 

Rekkrenck-s. —Chambers, “Biographical Dictionary,” 
1870. — Glasgow Medical Journal [a long account of his life 
and works], April and July, 1857. — Duncan, “Memorials 
of the Glasgow Faculty,” 1896. 

Mabule bust and portrait in oil in the rooms of the 
Philosophical Society, Glasgow ; also an engraving there, 
and in the Hunterian Library, Glasgow. — Engraving in 
Chambers’ “Biographical Dictionary,” 1870, 


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JOHN BURNS- 1774 — 1850. — Bom in Glasgow, and 

educated in Glasgow and Edinburgh. — Member of Glasgow 
Faculty, 1796. — C.M. Glasgow, 1817. — M.D. Glasgow, 1828. 
— Was the first to give regular clinical lectures in Glasgow. 
— Taught anatomy in rooms at top of Virginia Street for a 
few years, but gave this up to his brother, Allan Burns. — 
First Professor of Anatomy and Surgery in Anderson’s 
University in 1799. — Lectured on midwifery after giving 
up the teaching of anatomy. — First Professor of Surgery in 
theUniversity of Glasgow, 1815-50. — F.R.S., 1830. — Became 
a Physician to the Royal Infirmary (while still Professor of 
Surgery), 1833. 

Principal Works. — “Gravid Uterus,” 1799. — “Inflam- 
mation,” 1800. — “ Dissertations on Inflammation,” 2 vols., 
IBOO. — “Abortion,” 1806. — “Uterine Haiinorrhage,” 1807. 
— “Midwifery,” ten editions, 1809-43, and translated. — 
“Principles of Surgery,” 2 vols., 1829-38. 

References. — Medical Times, 1850, vol. i. — Duncan, 
“Memorials of the Glasgow Faculty,” 1896.— “ Dictionary 
of National Biography,” 1886. 

Portrait in oil in the Hunterian Library, Glasgow 
University; engraving from this in Faculty Hall, Glasgow. 

ALLAN BURNS. 1781— 1813.— Brother of Professor 
John Burns. — Born in Glasgow. — M.R.C.S.E., 1804. — 
Taught surgery and anatomy in Glasgow with his brother at 
first, and then independently in College Street. — Accepted an 
appointment to hospital in Russia by the Empress Catherine 


9 


Allax Burns {continued). 

in 1804, but only remained there six months, returning to 
Glasgow, and taught till his death. — [Not a member of 
Faculty, and had no hospital appointment.] 

Works. — “Diseases of the Heart,” »fcc., 1809. — “Surgical 
Anatomy of the Head and Neck,” 1811; second edition, 
1824. (Both works translated into German.) 

References. — Notice of his life in second edition of 
work on “ Head and Neck,” by his colleague in teaching, 
Granville Sharp Pattison, 1824. 

ANDREW URE. 1778 — 1857. — Born in Glasgow ; edu- 
cated at Universities of Glasgow and Edinburgh. — M.D. 
Glasgow, 1801. — Memberof Glasgow Faculty, 1803. — F.R.S., 
1822. — Professor of Physical Science in Anderson’s Univer- 
sity, 1804-30. — Fitted up Observatory in Garnethill, for 
Astronomical Society, and resided there for a tima — 
Lectured on Materia Medica in Glasgow. — Great success 
of his popular lectures on industrial applications of 
Chemistry. — Appointed Chemist to Board of Customs in 
London, 1830. 

Principal Work.s.— “Table of Materia Medica,” 1813. 
— “Dictionary of Chemistry, based on Nicholson’s,” 1821, 
and various editions afterwards, finally becoming Watt’s 
Dictionary ; (translated). — “ Philosophy of Manufactures,” 
1835.— “Dictionary of Arts and Manufactures,” 1839 
(translated); ultimately edited by Hunt. — “System of 
Geology,” 1829. — Numerous papers in transactions of 
societies and in periodicals. 


10 


Andrew Urb {continued). 

References. — Sexton (A. H.), “The first Technical 
College,” 1894. — Chambers, “ Biographical Dictionary,” 
1870. 

Portrait. — Engraving from an oil painting in Muspratt’s 
“ Dictionary of Chemistry.” 

WILLIAM MACKENZIE. 1791— 1868.— Bom in Glas- 
gow ; educated at Grammar School and University ; studied 
at first for the Church, but latterly Medicine. — Subsequently 
studied under Abernethy in London. — Studied under 
Dupuytren and Roux in Paris, and Beer in Vienna. — Left 
an interesting MS. describing his visit to Scarpa in Italy, <fec. 
-i— Attempted to settle in London, but failed. — Licentiate of 
Glasgow Faculty, 1815; Member, 1819. — M.R.C.S.E., 1818. 
— M.D. Glasgow, 1833. — Settled in Glasgow, 1819. — Taught 
Anatomy, Surgery, Materia Medica, and Jurisprudence. — 
Lecturer on the Eye in the University of Glasgow, 1828-68. 
— First Editor of Glaecjow Medical Journal, 1828. — Estab- 
lished Glasgow Eye Infirmary, 1824. — Strong appeal made 
in 1824 for legislation afterwards adopted in Anatomy Act. 

Principal Works. — “Practical Treatise on Diseases of 
the Eye,” 1830; fourth edition in 1854, (translated). — 
“Physiology of Vision,” 1841. 

References. — Rainy (Geo.), “ Memoir of Dr. William 
Mackenzie,” Glasgow Medical Journal, November, 1868. — 
“ Memoirs and Portraits of One Hundred Glasgow Men,” 
1886. — Annales d’Oculistiques, t. 60, 1868. 


11 


William Mackenzie { continued ). 

Portrait in oil in Glasgow Eye Infirmary, — Oil painting 
in Faculty Hall, Glasgow. — Plaster cast of bust in Faculty 
Hall, Glasgow. [Original of two last in possession of his 
widow.] — Lithograph by Schubert. — Engraving in the 
Glasgow Eye Infirmary, Charlotte Street. 

THOMAS GRAHAM. 1805— 1869.— Born in Glasgow, 
and educated at Grammar School and University. — M.A, 
Glasgow, 1826, — Intended for Church, but preferr^ science. 
— Studied Chemistry in Glasgow under Thomas Thomson, 
and in Edinburgh under Hope. — Returned to Glasgow and 
taught Mathematics in 1828, and lectured in Portland Street 
School of Medicine on Chemistry. — Lectured in Mechanics’ 
Institute, 1829. — Professor of Chemistry in Anderson’s 
University, 1830-37. — Member of Glasgow Faculty of 
Physicians and Surgeons, 1830 (see “ Probationary Essay” 
below). — While an Andersonian Professor, laid foundation 
of his fame. — F.R.S., 1836. — Professor of Chemistry, 
University College, London, 1837-54.— Master of Mint, 
1854-69, — One of the founders of Chemical Society in 1841, 
and of Cavendish Society in 1846. 

M ORKS. — Papers collected and printed for private circulation 
by Mr, James Young, of Kelly, a pupil of his : — “Chemical 
and Physical Researches,” 1886. — "On the tendency of Air 
and the different Gases to mutual penetration : a Pro- 
bationary Essay submitted to the Faculty of Physicians and 
Surgeons of Glasgow, by Thomas Graham, A.M., F.R.S. 
Edin., Lecturer on Chemistry, Glasgow,” 1830. — His paper 


12 


Thomas Graham (continued). 

“ On the Diffusion of Liquids ” was read to Royal Society, 
December, 1849. 

References. — Thorpe, “ Essays in Historical Chemistry,” 
1894. — Sexton, “The First Technical College,” 1894. — 
Browning (H. H.), “ Andersonian Professors of Chemistry,” 
1894. — Smith (Angus), preface to collected papers, 1886. 
— Smith (A.) and Coleman (J. J.), Proceedings of Glasgow 
Philosophical Society, vol. xv, 1883-84 ; this notice 
contains Graham’s letters to his mother and sister. — 
“Dictionary of National Biography,” 1890. — Duncan, 
“Memorials of the Glasgow Faculty,” 1896 — Chambers, 
“Biographical Dictionary,” Supplement, 1870. 

Portrait in oil in rooms of Glasgow Philosophical Society; 
an engraving of the same there. — Portrait in collected 
papers. — Bronze statue in George Square, Glasgow. — Stucco 
bust in rooms of Glasgow Philosophical Society, and in the 
Hunterian Library, Glasgow. 

SIR JOSEPH LISTER. 1827 .—Born at Upton, near 

London. — Educated at University College, London. — B.A. 
London, 1847. — M.B., 1852. — House Surgeon in University 
College Hospital, London, and subsequently in Edinburgh. 
— Private Lecturer on Surgery in Edinburgh. — F.R.S., 
I860. — Professor of Surgery in Glasgow University, 
1860-69.— Subsequently Professor of Clinical Surgery in 
Edinburgh University and King’s College, London. — Pre- 
sident, Royal Society, 1895.— President, British Association, 
1896. — Many other academical and foreign distinctions. 


13 


Sir Joseph Lister {continued). 

Works. — Two articles in Holmes’ “System of Surgery,” 
1862, “Anaesthetics, "and “Amputation.” — “Contributionsto 
Physiology and Pathology ” {Phil. Trans.), 1859. — Croonian 
Lecture on “ Coagulation of the Blood,” 1863. — Many other 
papers scattered through periodicals of the day and 
transactions of learned societies ; so far as these relate to 
Antiseptic Surgery, they have been collected and translated 
into French, by Gustave Borginon, Bruxelles, 1882; the 
first of these papers, published while in Glasgow 
appeared in the Lancet, 1867. — Since this collection was 
made, “ Principles of Antiseptic Surgery ” in Virchcno’s 
Festschrift, 1891. — Presidential Address to British Associa- 
tion, 1896, gives some account of his work in Antiseptic 
Surgery, see British Medical Journal, 1896, vol. ii. 

References. — “ Men and Women of the Time,” 1895. — 
Collection of papers in French as alx)ve. — Catalogue of 
Scientific Papers compiled by the Royal Society and Two 
Supplements, 1870, 79, 94. — Nature, 1896. 

Portrait in oil presented to him by his pupils, in his 
own possession, and photogravure of the same in Glasgow 
Faculty Hall. — Lithograph by D. H. Menzies, Glasgow. — 
Portrait in Nature, 1896. 



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