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41 


THE GENUS SELAGINELLA IN THE 
MALAY PENINSULA 


By A. H. G. Alston, British Museum (Natural History). 


Only one account of the Selaginellas of the Peninsula 
has yet been published, that of H. N. Ridley in Journ. R. 
Asiatic Soc., Straits Branch, no. 80 (1919). Thirty-seven 
species were enumerated there, a number which is now 
reduced to twenty-five. In this paper the view is taken that 
the species shew a considerable range of variation, especially 
in the size of the leaves. The shape and marginal cilia of 
the leaves are, however, relatively constant. 

S. Ridleyi Bak., S. rivalis Ridl., S. cuprea Ridl., S. 
alutacia Spring and S. Morgani Zeiller are apparently 
endemic, though the last two species are closely related to 
species from the Archipelago. 

Thanks are due to the authorities at Kew, Singapore, 
Paris, Leyden, Edinburgh and Brussels for the loan of 
specimens. The following abbreviations are used to 
indicate the herbaria in which the specimens are located. 
BM=British Museum (Natural History), B=Jardin 
Botanique, Brussels, E=Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh, 
G=Conservatoire Botanique, Geneva, K=Royal Botanic 
Gardens, Kew, L=Rijks Herbarium, Leyden, P=Museum 
d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, S=Botanic Gardens, Singapore. 

The dates of the publications on the voyages of 
Belanger, d’Urville, Duperry and Freycinet have been 
adapted from a paper by Sherborn and Woodward in Ann. 
Mag. Nat. Hist. ser. 7, VII, pp. 388-392 (1901). 


Sporophylls uniform: 

Main stems creeping looting at interval*: 


Lateral leaves entire or subentire: 


1. S. Mayeri 


Lateral leaves Ciiiate: 

Lateral leaves usually strigose on the upper 


surface, rarely overlapping: 

Lateral leaver glabrous, overlapping: 


4. S. strigosa 


Lateral leaves rounded at apex: 
Median leaves strongly ciiiate 
Median leaves ciliolate 


2. S. Ridleyi 

3. S. rivalis 

15. S. atroviridis 


Lateral leaves subacute at apex 


Main stems rooting in the lower half: 


Main stems scandent; leaves entire; steles 3 or 


more: 

Axillary leaves small, oblong-lanceolate; all 


leaves iridescent 
Axillary leaves large, orbicular 


7. S. Willdenowii 

8. S. padangensis 


Main stems erect or suberect: 

Lateral leaves at base of main stem distant, 


erect adpressed, usually uniform: 


Vol. VIII. (1934). 








42 


Lateial leaver entire: 

Axillary leaves large, overlapping 
branches: 

Strobili usually 2-3-nate; axillary 
leaves not auricled 
Strobili solitary; axillary leaves 
strongly auricled 

Axillary leaves not overlapping branches; 
strobili solitary; axillary leaves at most 
slightly auricled: 

Pinnas ovate ; pinnulae distant 
Pinnae lanceolate; pinnulae crowded, 
usually simple 

Lateral leaves ciliate or ciliolate: 

Median leaves margined: 

Median leaves not margined: 

Upper margin of lateral leaves not 
auriculate 

Upper margin of older lateral 
leaves auriculate 

Lateral leaves of main stem spreading, strongly 
dimorphous, usually crowded: 

Median leaves acuminate, white margined; lateral 
leaves ovate-lanceolate 
Median leaves usually long mucronate ; 

Lateral leaves ovate-lanceolate; stems often 
stoloniferous: 

Lateral leaves oblong-lanceolate, entire or 
ciliolate: 

Stems stoloniferous 
Stems never stoloniferous: 

Lateral leaves strongly ciliate and 
enlarged at base 

Lateral leaves entire to ciliolate- 
dentate: 

Laterai branches 1-2 forked 
Lateial branches pinnate: 

Lateral leaves slightly de¬ 
current at base, entire 
Lateral leaves rounded at 
base; denticulate 

Sporophylls dimorphous: 

Stems prostrate: 

Lateral leaves denticulate 
Lateral leaves ciliate. at base; 

Median leaves ciliolate; median leaves */j 
length of lateral leaves 
Median leaves entire or denticulate; median 
leaves 2/3 length of lateral leaves 
Stems erect or suberect: 

Lateral leaves broadly ovate 
Lateral leaves oblong-lanceolate 


9. 

S. 

polystachya 

10. 

S. 

plana 

11. 

s. 

delicatula 

12. 

s. 

Wallichii 

13. 

s. 

argentea 

14. 

s. 

peltata 

15. 

s. 

frondosa 

6. 

s. 

repanda 

5. 

s. 

selangorensis 

16. 

s. 

Griffithii 

17. 

s. 

Roxburghii 

18. 

s. 

ascendens 

19. 

s. 

cuprea 

20. 

s. 

atroviridi3 

21. 

s. 

minuti folia 

22. 

s. 

alutacia 

23. 

s. 

ciliaris 

24. 

25. 

s. 

s. 

Morgani 

ornata 


1. S. Mayeri Hieron. in Engl. u. Prantl., Nat. Pfi. I, 4, p. 700, 

no. 343 (1901). 

S. calcarea Ridl. in Journ. R. As. Soc., Str. Br., no. 80. 
p. 149, no. 4 (1919). 

S. merguina “Spring”; Ridl. l.c. p. 149, no. 7. 

?S. semicordata (Wall.) Spring in Mart. FI. Bras. I, 

2, p. 122 (1840). 

?S. Mettenii A. Br. App. Ind. Sem. H. Berol. 1867, p.l. 
S. Schildei Hieron. ex. v.A.v.R. Mai. Fern Allies p. 
198 (1915) ; Mai. Ferns and Fern Allies. Suppl. I, Corr. 
p. 38 (1917). 

S. speluncae v.A.v.R. in Bull. Jard. Bot. Buit., ser. 3, V. 
p. 229 (1922). 

Singapore: Mayer 532 (K.) ; Tanglin Barracks, 

Ridley 5830 (BM.). 


Gardens Bulletin, S.S. 




43 


Pahang: Telom, Ridley 13987 (BM.K.) ; Gua Tipus, 
Henderson 22552 (BM.); Kuala Bertam, on rock, Kiah 
23953 (BM.); Gunong Senyum, on bare limestone rock, c. 
400 ft., Henderson 22230 (BM.); Tembeling, Holttum 24728 
(BM.) ; limestone country near Chigar Perah, Henderson 
(BM.) ; Gunong Senyum, Henderson 22322 (BM.). 

Selangor: Kiang Gates, Ridley 13444 (K.), 13443 
(BM.K.) ; Bukit Kayu Kapun, Ridley 10634 (K.) ; Batu 
Caves, Ridley 13445 (K.) ; Gua Batu, Ridley 8772 (K.), 8151 
(BM.K.); Ginting Peras, Ridley 7827 (K.); Ulu Gombak, 
Ridley (K.) ; Caves, Kuala Lumpur, Ridley 1680 (BM.K.), 
1697 (BM.). Bukit Hitam, Ridley 7816 (K.) ; Rawang, 
Ridley 7820 (K.). 

Perak :Temengoh, Ridley 14474 (R.) ; Taiping Hills, 
Ridley 11472 (K.); Tanjong Malim, Ridley 11857 (K.). 

Kelantan : Kuala Aring, Yapp 75 (K.); Sungei Keteh, 
Batu Papan, Md. Nur 12081 (BM.). 

Penang: Stone Quarry, Chetty Temple, Curtis (S.K.); 
Waterfall, Curtis 1736 (S.K.). 

Negri Sembilan: Bukit Tangga pass, Ridley (K.). 
Geographical Range: Burma, Sumatra. 

There is a fragment of Mayer’s type in Hb. Kew. S. 
calcarea Ridl., from Batu Caves ( Ridley 8772), appears to 
be only a small state of this species. S. Mettenii A. Br., 
described from plants growing in the Leipzic Botanic 
Gardens is very similar but has narrower lateral leaves. 
S. semicordata (Wall.) Spring, originally described from 
Nepal, is also closely allied but is rather smaller. Probably 
they are only forms of this species, but more material is 
required from India for certainty. 

The Bukit Timah locality given by Ridley must be a 
mistake as Ridley 8151 has two labels in Hb. Kew, in Hb. 
Mus. Brit, it is labelled “Gua Batu Woods” only. 

This seems to be a limestone species. 

2. S. Ridleyi Bak. in Ann. Bot. VIII, p. 131, no. 58 (1894) ; 

Ridl. in Journ. R. As. Soc., Str. Br., No. 80, p. 148, no. 
1 (1919). 

Malacca: Gunong Mering, Mt. Ophir, on rocks in 
stream, Ridley 3346 (K. type; BM.). 

Geographical Range: Endemic. 

3. S. rivalis Ridl. in Kew Bull. 1924, p. 266. 

Selangor: Ulu Gombak, Ridley (K. type, BM.). 
Pahang: Kuala Teku, Seimund 417 (S.). 

Penang: Government Hill, Ridley (BM.). 
Geographical Range: Endemic. 


Vol. VIII. (1931). 




44 


4. S. strigosa Bedd. in Kew Bull. 1911, p. 192, No. 600; 

Ridl. in Journ. R. As. Soc., Str. Br., No. 80, p. 149 
(1919). 

SELANGOR: Klang Gates, Ridley 13442 (BM.K.), 13446 
(BM.K.) ; Ginting Bidai, Ridley 7815 (K.), 7825 (K.). 
Geographical Range: Endemic. 

Hairs on the surface of the leaves are very rare in 
Selaginellfe and are only found in S. hispida (Willd.) A. 
Br., S. trachyphylla A. Br., S. Lindenii Spring, S. scabrida 
Ridl., besides this species. It is probable that it is not 
always a good character and that this is a form of S. 
selangorensis Bedd. 

5. S. selangorensis Bedd. ex Ridl. in Journ R. As. Soc., Str. 

Br., No. 80, p. 148, no. 3 (1919). 

S. microdendron Ridl. l.c. p. 150, no. 9 non Bak. (1885). 
Selangor: Semangkok Pass, Ridley 12040 (type K.). 
Pahang: Sungei Tahan, nr. Kuala Teku, 500 ft., on 
rock by river, Holttum 20800 (S.). 

Penang: Penang Hill, Ridley 7085 (K.); Western Hill, 
2,500 ft. on wet rock, Holttum 19312 (K.). 
var. ciliata var. nov. 

Foliis lateralibus latioribus, basi longe ciliatis. 

Perak: Taiping Hills, Ridley 14463 (BM. type, K.). 
Kedah: Kedah peak, Ridley 5174 (K.), 3,000 ft., 
Robinson & Kloss 6097 (K.). 

Geographical Range: Endemic. 

6. S. repanda (Desv.) Spring in Gaudich, Voy. Bonite Bot. 

I, p. 329 (1841-6). 

Lycopodium rcpandum Desv. ex Poir Encycl. Suppl. 
Ill, p. 558 (1814). 

L. barbutum Kaulf. Enum. Fil. p. 18 (1824). 
Selaginclla barbata (Kaulf.) Spring in Bull. Acad. 
Brux. X, p. 226, no. 101 (1843). 

L. tetragonostachyum Wall. Cat. no. 124 (1829) nomen; 
Hk. & Grew in Hk. Bot. Misc. II, p. 398, no 129 (1931). 

S. teiragonostachya (Wall.) Spring in Bull. Acad. Brux. 
X, p. 234, no. 163 (1843). 

S.plumosa forma tetragonostachya (Wall.) Haines Bot. 
Bih. & Or. p. 1224 (1924). 

L. tetragonostachyum major Hk. & Gr. in Hk. Bot. 
Misc. II, p. 389 (1831). 

S. pyrrhopus Spring Monogr. II, in Mem. Ac. Belg. 
XXIV, p. 114, 115 (1850) in syn. sub S. radicata suberecta 
Spring. 

Lycopodioides barbutum (Kaulf.) O. Ktze. Rev. Gen. 
p. 826 (1891). 


Gardens Bulletin, S.S 



45 


L. suberectum (Bak.) 0. Ktze. l.c. p. 827. 

Malacca: Griffith (K. type of S. suberecta Bak.). 
Penang: Lowe (E.). 

PERLIS: Ridley 14770 (S.). 

Geographical Range: Philippines, Formosa, Siam, 
India, Java, Sumbava, and Timor. 

Lycopodium repandum was described from Philippine 
material by Desvaux. It was reduced to L. barbatum 
Kaulf., by Sprengel, Syst. Veg. IV, p. 17 (1827), who was 
followed by Spring, and re-examination of the type in Hb. 
Paris confirmed this identification. The type of L. barbatum 
was collected in the Philippines by Chamisso. L. tetra- 
gonostachyum Wall, was collected in Burma by Wallich, 
while the var. major was described from three collections. 
S. radicata suberecta was based on several Indian specimens. 
S. plumosa Hamiltonii Bak., was based on S. semicordata 
J. Scott (non Spring). 

7. S. Willdenovii (Desv.) Bak. in Gard. Chron. 1867, pp. 
783, 950. 

Lycopodium Willdenovii Desv. ex Poir, Encycl. Suppl. 
Ill, pp. 540, 552, no. 87 (1814). 

L. caespitosum Blume Enum. PI. Jav. II, p. 270, no. 23 
(1830). 

. S. caespitosa (Blume) Spring in Bull. Ac. Brux. X, 
p .140, no. 33 (1843). 

S. Willdenowii Linden Cat. No. 8, p. 15 (1853) nomen. 
Lycopodioides Willdenowii (Desv.) O. Ktze. Rev. Gen. 
p. 827 (1891). 

Lycopodium laevigatum Willd. Sp. PI. V, p. 45, no. 66 
(1810) non Lamk. (1791). 

Selaginella laevigata (Willd.) Spring in Mart. FI. Bras. 
I, 2, p. 125, no. 13. (1840) non Baker (1867). 

S. caesia arborea Hort. Angl. ex Kunze Ind. Fil. p. 
124 (1856). 

S. uncinata arborea Mett. Fil. Hort. Lips. p. 124 (1856). 
S. altissima Kl. ex [W. Lauche] Verz. August. Garten 
p. 8 (1856) nomen. 

S. arborea Hort.; Dippel in Amtl. Ber. Deutsch Naturf. 
XXXIX, p. 145 (1865). 

S. arborescens Hort.; Russow in Mem. Ac. Imp. 
Petersb., ser. 7, XIX, p. 176 (1873). 

S. Willdenoivii caesia arborea (Hort) Hieron. ex. R. 
Bonap. Notes Pterid. II, p. 30 (1915). 

S. Willdenowii forma typica v.A.v.R. Mai. Ferns and 
Fern Allies Suppl. I, Corr. p. 40 (1917). 

“Common all over open country, forest edges and 
cleared spaces in forest”—Ridley l.c. p. 155. 


Vol. VIII. (193V- 



46 


Geographical Range: Sunda Is. and Indo-China. 

S. caespitosa (Bl.) Spring is a monstrous state of the 
“witch’s-'oroom” type; it is found in Java;— Zollinger 81 a 
(L.), Salak, Blume (L.). Sumatra:—Palembang, Praetorus 
(L.). There is an unlocalised specimen from Malaya ( Yapp 
45) in Hb. Kew shewing both forms on the same stem. 
Similar formations are found on S. Vonroemeri v.A.v.R. 
from New Guinea collected by Kloss (BM.) S. pentagona 
Spring from the Khasia Hills ( Griffith , K.), S. Parkeri 
(Hk. & Gr.) Spring ( Leng 196; Jenman ) and 
an unidentified species from the Solomon Islands at Kew. 
A witch’s broom found on S. monospora Spring in Sikkim 
(Anderson 1404, Gamble 8004, Clarke 27401 and Treutler) 
has been described as a new species S. microclada Bak. 
These formations are probably due to a fungus. 

8. S. padangensis Hieron. in Hedw\ L. p. 34, no. 23 (1910). 

S. inaeqv.alifolia “Spifing”; Ridl. in Journ. R. As. Soc., 
Str. Br., no. 80, p. 154, no. 19 (1919). 

S. caudata “Spring”; Ridl. l.c. p. 155, no. 22. 
Selangor: Ginting Simpah, Hume 9386 (S.). 
Pahang: Tembeling, Holttum, 24696 (BM.). 
Kelantan : Sungei Keteh, Batu Papan, Md. Nur 12079 
(BM.). 

Perak : Temengoh, Ridley 14467 (BM.); Goping, King’s 
Collector 474 (K.) ; Telok Pinang, nr. Ipoh, Ridley 9570 
(K.) ; Chanderiang, King’s Collector 5781 (K.). 
Geographical Range: Sumatra. 

The Sumatra specimens have slightly broader bracts 
but do not appear to differ otherwise. S. inaequalifolia 
appears to be confined to the hills of Assam and South India. 

9. S. polvstachya (Warb.) Hieron. in Engl. u. Prantl. Nat. 

Pfl.,’l, 4, p. 702, No. 362 (1901). 

S. Wallichii polystachya Warb. in Monsunia I, p. 106 
(1900). 

S. permutata Hieron. in Hedw. L. p. 24, no. 19 (1910). 
S. illustris Ridl. in Journ. R. As. Soc., Str. Br., No. 80, 
p. 154, no. 18 (1919). 

Negri Sembilan: Bukit Tangga, Ridley (K.) ; Gunong 
Angsi, Md. Nur 1536 (K.BM.), Winkler 1772 (BM.). 

Selangor: Semangkok, Ridley 8772 (K.); Sempang, 
Ridley 15630 (K.) ; Ginting Simpak, 1,500 ft., Hume 8850 
(S.) : Ginting Bidai, Ridley 7819 (K.) ; Semangkok Pass, 
Ridley (K.). 

Pahang: Tahan River, Ridley 2172 (BM.K.) ; Sungei 
Cheka, Holttum 24770 (BM.). 

Kelantan: Pasir Depok, Haniff amd Nur 10212 (K.) ; 
Kuala A ring, Yapp 29 (K.). 


Gardens Bulletin, S.S. 



47 


Perak: Gunong Kerbau, Robinson 3500 (K.); Goping, 
King’s Collector 516 (K.) ; Temengoh, Ridley 14467 (K.), 
14459 (BM.). 
var. ? 

Plant more slender; stem leaves smaller, often 
spreading; spikes usually solitary. 

Pahang: Gunong Tahan, Wray & Robinson 5414 
(BM.K.) ; Kuala Teku, Seimund (K.). 

SELANGOR: Cheras, Ridley 8195 (K.) ; Kanching, Ridley 
(K.). 

Perak: Batang Padang, King’s Collector 7764 (K.). 
Geographical Range: Sumatra. 

This species is probably the same as S. stipulata (Bl.) 
Spring. S. Kittyae v.A.v.R. and S. axillifolia v.A.v.R. are 
also very close. 

10. S. plana (Desv.) Hieron. in Engl. u. Prantl. Nat. Pfl. 
I, 4, p. 703, no. 363 (1901). 

Lycopodium planum Desv. ex. Poir. Encycl. Suppl. Ill, 
p. 554, no. 98 (1814). 

L. Durvillaei Bory in Duperry Voy. Bot. t. 25 (1829) 
excl. descr. 

S. perelegans Moore in Gard. Chron. XI, p. 533 (1879), 
Johore: Pulau Aor, Henderson 18365 (BM). 
Geographical Range: Sumatra, Java, Timor, Amboina, 
Bauda, Ceram, and Bouru. 

Commonly cultivated in most tropical countries and 
found as an escape in Trinidad. 

Bory’s plate of L. Durvillaei was drawn from La 
Billardiere’s Amboina specimen and represents this species; 
the Rawak specimen collected by Gaudichaud is S. 
Pouzolziana (Gaud.) Spring and the one from Port Praslin, 
collected by Burville is the species to which the name S. 
Durvillaei (Bory) A. Br. is usually applied. The dates of 
publication are in Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 7, VII, p. 392. 

11. S. delicatula (Desv.) Alston in Journ. Bot. LXX, p. 282 

(1932). 

Lycopodium delicatulum Desv. ex Poir. Encycl. Suppl. 
Ill, p. 554, no. 99 (1814). 

Selagmella Pquzolziana (Gaudich.) Spring in Bull. Ac. 
Brux. X. p. 145 (1843) ; Warb. Monsunia I, p. 121 (1900). 

Lycopodium Pouzolzianum Gaudich. in Freyc. Voy. Bot. 
1, p. 257 (1828). 

S. canaliculata Baker in Journ. Bot. XXIII, p. 21 (1885) 
pp. excl. syn. Linn. 

S. flaccida (Bory) Spring in Bull. Ac. Brux. X, p. 145, 
no. 77 (1843). 

L. flaccidum Bory in Bel. Voy. Bot. II, p. 9 (1834). 


Vol, VIII. (193U). 



48 


Lycopodioides flaccidum (Bory) 0. Ktze. Rev. Gen. p. 
826 (1891). 

Lycopodium curvatum Dalz. in Hk. Kew Gard. Misc. 
IV, p. 114 (1852) non Sw. (1801). 

Selaginella semicordata “Spring”; Ridl. in Journ. R. As. 
Soc., Str. Br., no. 59, p. 234 (1911). 

Lycopodium crassicaule Hk. & Gr. Enum. Fil., in 
Hk. Bot. Misc. 11, p. 382, no. 101 (1831). 

Selaginella crassicaulis (Hk. & Gr.) Spring in Bull. Ac. 
Brux. X, p. 232, no. 139 (1843). 

S. suberosa “Spring”; Ridl. in Journ. R. As. Soc., Str. 
Br., no. 80, p. 160, no. 36 (1919) pp. 

Penang: Stone Quarry, Chitty Temple, Curtis 3380 
(S.K.). 

Kelantan : Kwala Krai, Haniff and Nur 10123 
(BM.K.) ; Bank of Kelantan R. nr. Chaning, Ridley (K.). 
Perak : Temengoh, Ridley 14467 (K.). 

Kedah : Bukit Wang, in Kedah, Haniff 1202 (S.) ; near 
Kampong Naka, c. 100 ft., Holttum 19834 (BM.). 

Perlis : Bukit Ketri, on dry rocks, Henderson 23116 
(BM.) ; Besih Hangat, in half shade amongst rocks, 
Henderson 22873 (BM.) ; nr. Kanga, Ridley (S.). 

Langkawi Is.: Ridley 8322 (S.K.) ; Gunong Raya, 
Ridley 15547 (S.K.), Haniff & Nur 7156 (K.). 

Geographical Range: Moluccas, S. China, Siam, India. 

12. S. Wallichii (Hk. & Gr.) Spring in Mart. FI. Bras. I, 
2, p. 124 (1840). 

Lycopodium Wallichii Hk. & Gr. in Hk. Bot. Misc. II, p. 
384, no. 106 (1831). 

L. elegans Wall. List p. 6 no. 128 (1829) nomen, non 
Desv. 

Lycopodioides elegans (Wall.) O. Ktze. Rev. Gen. I, 
p. 825 (1891). 

S. Wallichii elegans (Wall.) Warb. in Monsunia I, p. 
106 (1900). 

S. cyatheoides Spring in Bull. Ac. Brux. X, p. 145, no. 
76 (1843) pp. 

Lycopodium mimosoides Roxb. in Cat. l.c. Journ. Nat. 
Hist. IV, p. 473 no. 7 (1844). 

S. Wallichii Walkeri v.A.v.R. in Bull. Jard. Bot. Buit., 
ser. 2, XVI, p. 51 (1914). 

Singapore: Wallich (K.), Norris (K .),Cantley (BM.), 
Walker 24 (BM.). 

Johore: Castlewood, Ridley 12224 (K.) ; Batu Pahat, 
Ridley 11062 (K.). 

Malacca: Maingay 1835 (K.); Cuming 2398 (BM.K.) ; 
shady jungles, Pinwill (K.). 


Gardens Bulletin, S.S. 



49 


Negri Sembilan: Perhentian Tinggi, Ridley 9869 (K;. 

Selangor: Sungei Buloh, Burkill 11870 (BM.K.); 
Ginting Sempah, Ridley, Robinson & Kloss (K.) ; Ulu 
Gombak, Ridley (K.) ; Fraser Hill, on ground in jungle, 
BurkiU & Holttum 8819 (K.) Gua Batu, Ridley 8134 (K.l, 
Ulu Langat, Kloss (BM.). 

Trengganu: Kuala Berang, in shade near stream, 
Holttum 15324, a branched form (K.). 

Kelantan: Sungei Keteh, Md. Nur 12094 (K.); 
Chaning woods, Ridley (K.). Kota Bahru, in Rahmar jungle, 
Gwynne-Vaughan 550, branched form (K.). 

Perak: Goping, King’s Collector 561 (K.); Hill 

Garden, Larut, Wray 23, branched form, (K.) ; Taiping, 
Hervey (BM.); Temengoh, Ridley 14450 (BM.) ; Bukit 
Rengas, Fox (BM.). 

Penang: Hills of Penang, Lobb 160 (K.), 2,000 ft., 
Lobb (BM.); Ara Kuda, Ridley 6860 (BM. K.); Penang 
Bukit, Curtis 3058 (K.) ; Penang, Wallich 128 pp. (BM.K.), 
Dalhousie (K.), Curtis (BM.), Birch (BM.). 

Geographical Range: Indo-China, Sumatra. 

S. Hookeri Bak., from Assam, should probably be 
regarded as a variety of this species; its lateral branches are 
usually bipinnate and the axillary leaves imbricate over the 
branchlets. S. megalura Ilieron, (S. bidiensis Hieron.), 
from Borneo, is also closely allied but the ultimate branches 
taper below the cones, which are usually in pairs. 

The variety Walkeri has rather larger ultimate pinnules 
and slightly differently sculptured spores; it does not seem 
worth distinction. 

Roxburgh’s specimens of L. mimosoides Roxb. in Hb. 
Mus. Brit, are labelled “Ind. Orient”; they were probably 
collected at Penang. 

13. S. argentea (Wall.) Spring in Bull. Ac. Brux. X, p. 137, 

no. 14 (1843); Ridl. in Journ. R.A.S., Str. Br., no. 

80, p. 155, no. 21 (1919). 

Lycopodium argenteum Wall. Cat. no. 127 (1829) 
nomen; Hk. & Gr. in Hk. Bot. Misc. II, p. 384 (1831). 

Selaginella caulescens argentea (Wall.) Bak. in Journ. 
Bot. XXIII, p. 24 (1885) ; Curtis in Journ. R. A. S., Str. Br., 
no. 25, p. 97 (1894). 

S. trinervia “Spring” fide Hieron. in Hedw. L. p. 15 
(1910). 

Penang: Lady Dalhousie 96 (K ),Pinwill (K.) Maingay 
3216 (K.); Penang Waterfall, Curtis 3059 (K.); Norris 
(K.); Penang Hill, Ridley 7083 (BM.K.), 7635 (BM.), 
Wallich 127 (BM.) Penang Island, Wallich 127 (K.). 

Pahang: Tanjong Antan, Ridley 2166 (BM.). 


Vol. VIII. (193U.). 




50 




Geographical Range: Siam. 

The type of this species is represented by syn-types in 
Hb. Kew (ex Hb. Hooker) and Hb. Edinburgh (Ex Hb. 
Greville) with duplicates in Hb. Wailich (at Kew) and 
Hb. Mus. Brit. 

S. argentea (Wall.) Spring is distinguished from S. 
caulescens (Wall.) Spring by its larger size, white- margined 
median leaves, ciliolate lateral leaves and distant stem 
leaves. 

Hieronymus appears to be mistaken in referring S. 
trinervia to this species as neither the specimens nor the 
description agree with it. 

14. Selagineila peltata Presl, in Abh. Bohm. Ges. Wiss., 
ser. 5, III, p. 582 (1844). 

Selagineila bellula Ces. in Atti della R. Acad. Sc. VII, 
no. &, p. 36 (1876). 

S. involvens bellula (Ces.) Hieron. in Hedw. L, p. 4 
(1910). 

Perak; Jor, Haniff 14214 (K.). 

Geographical Range: Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philip¬ 
pines. 

The type of S', bellula collected in Sarawak by Beccari, 
and presumably in the Florence Herbarium, has not been 
examined. This species is separated from S. caulescens 
(Wall.) Spring by its larger size and distant stem leaves. 

15. S. frondosa Warb. in Monsunia I, pp. 105, 117, No. 75 

(1900). 

S. nutans Warb. l.c. pp. 105, 117, no. 72 (1900). 

S. flabellata “Spring”; Ridl. in Journ. R.A.S., Str. Br., 
no. 80, p. 154, no. 24 (1919). 

JOHORE: Ulu Kahang, 400 ft., Holttum 10928 (K.) ; 
Kota Tinggi, Ridley 4140 (BM). 

Pahang; Sungei Cheka, Holttum 24772 (BM.) ; Kota 
Glanggi, on dry jungle path, Henderson 22496 (BM.) ; west 
of Joara Bay, P. Tioman, Burkill 1138 (S.). 

PERAK : Kamuning, Curtis 3309 (K.), Coping, Kunstler 
558 (K.) ; Ulu Selama, Wray 4156 (S.) ; Tapah, Wray 1761 
(S.). 

Kelantan : Sungei Galas at Gua Musang, Henderson 
22602 (BM.), Chaning Woods, Ridley (K.). 

Geographical Range: Java, Sumatra, and Nioobar Is. 

There is a fragment of the type of S. nutans Warb. 
“Java, ex Hb. Hillebrand” at Kew. 

S. flabellata (Linn.) Spring, to which Ridley referred 
most of this material, is a West Indian species. 


Gardens Bulletin, S.S. 


51 


16. S. Griffithii Spring in Bull. Ac. Brux. X, p. 145, no. 80 

(1843). 

S. merguina Spring in Mem. Ac. Bel. XXIV, p. 81 
(1850). 

Langkawi Is. : Gunong Raya, Iianiff & Nur 7191 (K.). 
Geographical Range: Burma, and Lower Siam. 

17. S. Roxburghii (Hk. & Gr.) Spring in Bull. Ac. Brux. 
X, p. 228, no. 115 (1843). 

Lycopodium Roxburghii Hk. & Gr. m Hk. Bot. Misc. 

II, p. 390, no. 135 (1831). 

Selaginella acutangula Spring in Mem. Ac. Belg. XXIV, 
p. 206, no. 144 (1850). 

Lycopodioides acutangulum (Spring) O. Ktze. Rev. 
Gen. I, p. 825 (1891). 

S. trichobasis Bak. in Journ. Bot. XXII, p. 275, no. 152 
(1884). 

S. trichobasis strigosa Ridl. in Journ. R. As. Soc., Str. 
Br., no. 80, p. 153 (1919). 

S. plumea trichobasis (Bak.) v.A.v.R. Mai. Fern Allies 
p. 102 (1915). 

S. lankawiensis Ridl. in Journ. R. As. Soc., Str. Br., no. 
80, p. 150, no. 10 (1919). 

S. simalurana v.A.v.R. in Bull. Jard. Bot. Buit., ser. 3, 

III, p. 176 (1920). 

S. langirensis v.A.v.R. in Bull. Jard. Bot. Buit., ser. 2, 
XI, p. 26 (1913). 

Singapore: Norris (K.) ; Walker 307 (K.) ; Bukit 
Timah, Ridley (BM.K.). 

Johore: Marius Jensen (K.); Gunong Blumut, Holttnm 
10674 (BM.K.) ; Mt. Austin, Ridley 12570 (K.) ; Gunong 
Pulai, Ridley 12130 (K.) ; Ridley 12134 (K.) ; Castlewood, 
Ridley 9192 (K.) ; Patani Batu Pahat, Ridley 10984 (K.) ; 
Kluang, Holttunv 9238 (S.). 

Selangor: Semangkok Pass, Riddey 12041 (K.) ; 
Batang Berjuntai, Ridley 7828 (K.), 15 miles Pahang Track. 
Ridley 8668 (K.), 8771 (K.) ; Klang water catchment forest 
Burkill 6824 (S.), Burkill and Holitum 9043 (K.) ; Rantau 
Panjang, Kloss 68 (K.) ; Kuala Lumpur, Hose 361 (K.) ; 
Weld’s Hill, Ridley (K.) ; Forest Reserve, Rawang, Kloss 
(K.) ; Batang Padang, Murdoch 11963 (K.) ; Ginting Bidai, 
Ridley 7826 (K.) ; Batang Berjuntai F. R., Hume 7448 (K.) ; 
Semenyih, Hume 8272 pp. (S.) ; Ginting Simpak, 1,500 ft., 
Hume 9733, 9879 (BM.). 

Pahang: Wray’s Camp, Gunong Tahan, Ridley (K.) : 
Telom, Ridley 13989 (K.); Kuala Lipis, Machado 11583 
(K.) ; Rumpin River, Evans (K.) ; Gunong Raja, Best 13856 
(S.) ; Gunong Tahan, Robinson & Kloss 5361 (BM.) ; Sungei 


Vol. VIII. (1934). 





52 


Sat, Henderson 22023 (BM.) ; Sungei Telom, Kiah and 
Strugnell 23989 (BM.) ; Kuala Lipis, Burkill 15674 (BM.) ; 
Sungei Cheka, Holttum 24771 (BM.), 24769 (BM.). 
Trengganu: Bundi, Rostado 11977 (K.). 

Dindings: Tanjong Hanka, Ridley 7273 (K.). 

Perak: Grik, Ridley 14466 (BM.K.) ; Temengoh, 

Ridley 14457 (BM.), 14470 (K.) ; Tapah, Ridley 14022 
(BM.K.); Taiping, Ridley 14456 (BM.), 14450 (K.) ; Jor 
Camp, Henderson 10868 (S.). 

Kelantan : Kuala Aring, Yapp 35 (K.). 

Penang: Lobb (BM.) ; Wallich 120 pp., Lady 
Dalhousie (K.), Low (E.) ; Penang Hill, Ridley 14150 (K.) , 
14159 (BM.K.) ; Richmond Pool, Ridley (K.) ; West Hill, 
Ridley (BM.); Pinara Bukit, Curtis (S.). 

Geographical Range: Siam, Sumatra. 

The type of this species has not been found, but there is 
a specimen labelled L. Roxburghii “Penang—Capt. Low 
1831” by Greville in Herb. Edinb. and in Hb. Wallich there 
is a specimen labelled “Lycopodium plumosum 122—i 
Roxb.” which is probably a duplicate of the type. 

There is a galled specimen in Hb. Kew ( Ridley 605) 
from Bukit Timah. 

A similar gall has been seen on a specimen from Indo- 
China, collected by Kloss (BM.). S-. pentagona Spring 

collected by Griffith in the Khasia Hills (K.), Garo Hills, 
Mann 65 (BM.) and Assam, Mrs. Hopkinson (BM.) 
referred to in Notes Pterid. XI, p. 35, is galled by a gnat 
(Cecidomyidse). The gall on S. pentagona has been figured 
in Goebel’s Organographie ed. 2, fig. 418. 

18. S. ascendens v.A.v.R. in Bull. Jard. Bot. Buit., ser, 2. 
XI, p. 33 (1913) ; l.c. XXIII, p. 23 (1916). 

Singapore: KehdAng 3264 (B.). 

Selangor: 15th mile Pahang Track, Ridley 8770 
(BM.K.). 

Geographical Range: Borneo, Sumatra, Anamba Is. 

19. Selaginelia cuprea Ridley in Journ. R. As. Soc., Str. 
Br., no. 80, p. 152, no. 14 (1919), excl. var. major. 
Selangor: Rawang, Ridley 7822 (BM.K.). 

Pahang: near Chigar Perah, Henderson 19490b 

(BM.K.) ; Wray’s Camp, Gunong Tahan, Ridley 16198 
(BM.K.) ; Sungei Cheka, Holttum 24778 (BM.) ; River 
Tahan, Ridley 2177 (BM.). 

Kelantan : Kwala Pertang, Haniff and Nur 10377 
(BM.K.). 


Gardens Bulletin, S.S. 





53 


Perak : Bujong Malacca, Curtis 3377 (K.), Ridley 9574 
(K.). 

Geographical Range: Endemic. 

The var. major seems to be a small form of S. 
atroviridis. 

20. S. atro-viridis (Wall.) Spring in Flora XXI, p. 183 
(1838). 

S. trinervia Spring in Bull. Acad. Brux. X, p. 143- no. 
62 (1843). 

S. plumosa Spring in Mem. Ac. Belg. XXIV, p. 136, 
no. 81 (1850). 

Lycopodium furcatum Roxb. in Calc. Journ. Nat. Hist. 
IV, p. 475 (1844). 

L. atro-viride Wall. Cat. p. 6 no. 120 (1829) nomen; 
Hk. & Gr. Ic. Fil. 1, t. 39 (1831); in Hk. Bot. Misc. II, p. 
387, no. 121 (1831). 

“Common in woods”—Ridley l.c. p. 153. 

Singapore: Ridley 2410 (BM.), 56 (BM.), 2411 
(BM.) Gaudichaud 13 (P.G.), Murton 103 (K.), Noi'ris 
(K.), King’s Collector 343 (K.). 

JOHORE: Ridley (BM.), 1347 (K.), 11494 (K.), 11113 
(K.), Jensen 84 (K.), Nur & Kiah 7797 (K.). 

Malacca: Lobb (K.), Griffith (K.), Hervey (K.). 
Negri Sembilan: Winkler 1771 (BM.K.) ; Ridley (K.), 
Kloss (K.), Nur (K). 

Selangor: Ridley (BM.), 8669 (K.); Klang, Hullett 
(S.) ; Ginting Simpah, Hume 9603 (S.), 8837 (S.) ; 
Semenyih, Hume 8111 (S.). 

Pahang: Wray & Robinson 5366 (BM.) ; Holttum 
20095 (BM.) ; Henderson 22509 (BM.) ; Evans (K.) ; 
Burkill & Holttum (K .); Ridley 16197 (K.) ; 16196 (K.). 
Perak: Ridley 9571 (K.); Curtis 3310 (K.). 
Trengganu: Rostado 11976 (K.). 

Province Wellesley: Ridley 12635 (K.). 

Penang: Dalhousie (K.); Robinson (K.) ; Macher 
(K.) ; Birch (BM.) ; Pinwill (K.) ; Ridley (K.) ; Maingay 
2211 (K.) ; Curtis (K.BM.) ; Low 31 (K.) ; Wallich (BM.) ; 
Hall (BM.). 

Langkawi Is: Robinson 6270 (K.). 

Geographical Range: Sumatra, Lower Siam, and 
Tenasserim. 

S. atro-viridis is a very variable species. The 
following represent varieties, some of which, on further 
study, may prove to be specifically distinct. 

(a) S. atro-viridis var. ciliata Spring. 

A variety with ciliolate external leaves. 

Malacca: Griffith (K.). 


Vol. VIII. (19SU). 




54 


( b ) A luxuriant form with a thick stem and long 
aristate median leaves, possibly representing a distinct 
species. 

Pahang: Telom. Ridley 13993 (BM.), 13989 (K.). 
PENANG: Penang Hill, Fox 10662 (BM.). 

Perak: Taiping, Hervey 1667 (BM.). 

(c) S. cuprea var. major Ridl. 

This seems to be a small form of S. atroviridis; the 
leaves of many species vary greatly in size. 

Selangor: Bukit Hitam, Ridley 7817 (K.). 

Pahang: Bukit Chemaga, Henderson 19480a (BM.K.) ; 
Wray’s Camp, Gunong Tahan, Ridley 16199 (K.). 
Dindings :Telok Sera, Ridley 8358 (K.). 

Perak : Ulu Temengoh, Ridley 14468 (BM.K.) ; 

Temengoh, Ridley 14469 (BM.K.) ; Taiping Hills, Ridley 
14460 (BM.K.) ; Chanderiang, Larut, King’s Collector 519 
(K.) ; Bidor, near Tapah, Ridley 14016 (K.). 

(d) A small creeping form, perhaps a juvenile state. 
Malacca: Mt. Ophir, (Tunduk), Ridley 9990 (BM.K). 
The species is stated by A. Braun (Ind. Sem. Berol. 

1860, p. 22) to have been introduced into cultivation from 
Borneo by T. Lobb; this is probably an error, as no wild 
specimens from Borneo are recorded. 

There is a specimen in Hb. Kew labelled “Madras, 
Dr. Shuter”. It is probably wrongly localised. 

The plant found in China and Japan is now usually 
considered a distinct species, S. Doederleinii Hieron. 

21. S. minutifolia Spring in Mem. Ac. Belg. XXIV, p. 239, 
no. 176 (1850). 

S. Wattii “Bak.”: Ridl. l.c. p. 157, no. 26. 

S. phanotricha “Bak.” l.c. p. 157, no. 27. 

“Mountains on clay banks”—Ridley. 

JOHORE: Gunong Blumut, 3,000 ft., Holttum 10692 
(BM.K.). 

Selangor: Bukit Hitam, Ridley 7818 (K.) ; Sempang 
Mines, Ridley 15633 (BM. K.). 

Pahang: Gunong Kajang, P. Tioman, 3,000 ft., 
creeping on rock face, Henderson 18279 (K.). 

Perak: Ulu Batang Padang, Ridley 13988 (BM.K.S.) ; 
Temengoh, Ridley 14472 (BM.K.) ; Gunong Inas, Wray 4142 
(S.). 

Kelantan : Gunong Sitong, Nur 12199 (BM.K.). 
Geographical Range: Burma (Mergui). 

This species is allied to the Philippine S. nummularia 
Warb. but has more acute lateral leaves. 

S. Wattii Bak. has ciliate lateral leaves ajid long 
aristate median leaves. 


Gardens Bulletin, S.S. 





55 


The identification with S. mmutifolia is rather doubtful 
as the Mergui plant is still very imperfectly known. 

22. S. alutacia Spring in Bull. Ac. Brux. X, p. 233, no. 154 
(1843). 

S. alutacea Spring in Gaudich. Voy. Bonite Bot. 1, p. 
353 (1844-6) errore; Bak. in Journ. Bot. XXIII, p. 175 
(1885). 

S. pinangensis Spring l.c. p. 227, no. 107; Ridl. l.c. p. 
149, no. 6 (1919). 

Lycopodioides pinangense (Spring) 0. Ktze. Rev. Gen. 
p. 827 (1891). 

S. Kunstleri Bak. in Kew Bull. 1893, p. 14, no. 39. 

S. Wrayi Bak. Fern Allies p. 113, no. 296 (1887). 

S. oligostachya Bak. in Ann. Bot. VIII, p. 132, no. 272 
(1894). 

S. Tansleyi Bak. in Kew Bull. 1906, p. 205, no. 420. 

S. montana Ridl. in Journ. R. As. Soc., Str. Br., no. 
80, p. 159, no. 33 (1919). 

S. alutacea var. sphaeropkylla Bak. in Journ. Bot. 
XXIII, p. 175 (1883). 

Johore: Gunong Pulai, Ridley 12137 (K.), Holttum 
18076 (BM.). 

Malacca: Cantley (BM.) ; Gunong Mering, Ridley 
3347 (type of S. oligostachya Bak., K.). 

Negri Sembilan: Gunong Angsi, Ridley 11873 (K.) ; 
2,500 ft., Nur 11562 (K.); Bukit Tangga, Ridley (K.). 

Selangor: Damansara Hill, Kuala Lumpur, Ridley 
(K.); Bukit Kutu, 3,000 ft., Ridley 7829 (K.), 7824 
(BM.K.) ; Ulu Gombak, Ridley (K.) ; rocks at the Tunnel, 
Klang Gates, Ridley (K.) ; Rawang, Ridley 7821 (K.) ; 
rocks at Gua Batu, Ridley 8150 (S.) ; Ginting Simpah, 
Hume 8843, 8597, 8497, 9743, 9745, 9531, 8834, 9014, 9380 
(all S.) ; Semenyih, Hume 7906 (S.). 

Pahang: Gunong Tahan, 3,300 ft., Wray & Robinson 
5363 (BM.K.), 5375 (BM.), Ridley 15954 (K.), 15959 
(K.) ; Wray's camp, Gunong Tahan, Ridley 16200 (type of 
S. montana Ridley, K.) ; Kuala Lipis, Machado 11558 (K.); 
Sungei Reriang, G. Tahan on rocks by stream, Holttum 
20574 (BM.). 

Perak : “Perak or Selangor”, Tansley (type of S. 
Tansleyi Bak., K.) ; Taiping Hills, Ridley 11425 (BM.K.) ; 
Waterfall, Taiping, Ridley 14462 (BM. K.); Sungei Siput, 
Ridley 11898 (BM.K.) ; Ulu Temengoh, Ridley 14471 
(BM.K.) ; Larut, 100-300 ft., King's Collector 1866 (type 
of S. Kunstleri Bak., K.) ; Taiping, Ridley 14460 (K.) ; 
Temengoh, Ridley 14465 (K.), 14464 (BM.K.), 14473 
(K.BM.S.) ; Tapah, Ridley 14024 (BM.K.); Bukit 


Vol. VIII. (1934). 



56 


Kamuning, Sungei Siput, Ridley 11871 (K.), 11870 (K.); 
Gunong Keledang, Ridley 9576 (K.) ; Bujong Malacca, 
Ridley (BM.), 4,000 ft., Curtis 3308 (S.). Birch’s Hill, 
Wray 668 (type of S. Wrayi Bak., (K.). 

Dindings: Lumut, Ridley 10349 (K.), 7215 (K.BM.), 
Curtis (S.). 

Trengganu: Bundi, Rostados (K.). 

Kedah : Kedah Peak, 3,000 ft., Robinson & Kloss 6098 
(K.), in shade of rocks by path, Holttum and Haniff 14900 
(K.). 

Penang: Gaudichaud 7 (Paris, type of S. pinangensis 
Spring) ; Lobb (BM.) ; Penang Hill, Ridley (K.) ; on banks. 
Pinivill (K.). 

S. alutacia var. scabrida (Ridley) Alston, comb. nov. 

S. scabrida Ridley in Journ. R. As. Soc., Str. Br., no. 
80, p. 159, no. 32 (1919). Leaves hairy on both surfaces; 
stems hairy. 

Pahang: Gunong Tahan, Ridley 15960 (K.). 

The type specimen is very distinct looking, but Nur 
11562 (BM.) is intermediate between this and the common 
form. 

S. alutacia var. pensile (Ridley) Alston comb. nov. 

S. pensile Ridley in Journ. R. As. Soc., Str. Br., no. 
80, p. 150, no. 8 (1919). An extreme form with larger, 
more acute leaves. 

Perak : Gunong Inas, 5,500 ft., pendent on damp shady 
rocks, Yapp (K.). 

Ridley 15954 & 16200 connect it with the ordinary form. 

S. alutacia var. Curtisii (Ridl.) Alston comb. nov. 

S. Curtisii Ridley in Journ. R. As. Soc., Str. Br., no. 80, 
p. 148, no. 2 (1919) Lateral leaves overlapping. 

Perak: Bujong Malacca, Curtis 3378 (K.S.). 

S. alutacia is “dull olive green” according to Wray & 
Robinson (no. 5363). 

The Assam plant referred to S. pinangensis by Spring 
is quite a different species near S. praetermissa Alston. 

The Kew specimen looks distinct, but that in Hb. 
Singapore shows a complete transition to the common form 
of the species. 

23. S. ciliaris (Retz.) Spring in Bull. Ac. Brux. X, p. 231, 
no. 136 (1843). 

Lycopodium ciliare Retz. Obs. V, p. 32, no. 92 (1789). 

Gardens Bulletin, S.S. 


57 


Singapore: Gallang, Ridley 10828 (K.). 

Malacca: Griffith (K.). 

Negri Sembilan: Sungei Ujong, Alvins 2166 (S.). 
SELANGOR: Batu Caves, Ridley (K.). 

Kelantan: Kuala Aring, Yapp 111 (K.). 
Geographical Range: India to Australia. 

24. S. Morgani Zeiller in Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. XXXII, p. 78 

(1885). 

Pahang : Cameron’s Highlands, 5,000 ft., Holttum 
23385, (BM.) ; top of Falls 4,800 ft. Henderson 17770 
(BM.) ; Gunong Berumban, Ridley 13985 (K.), 13986 (K.). 

Perak: Gunong Riam, 1950m., J. de Morgan (K.) ; 
Gunong Kerbau, Robinson (K.). 

Geographical Range: Endemic. 

Perhaps only a form of S. alutacia Spring, but the 
sub-erect habit and ovate, less strongly ciliate lateral leaves, 
appear distinctive. 

25. S. ornata (Hk. & Gr.) Spring in Bull. Ac. Brux. X, 
p. 232, no. 145 (1843). 

Lycopodium ornatum Hk. & Gr. in Hk. Bot. Misc. Ill, 
p. 108 (1833). 

S. brachystachya var. ornata (11k. & Gr.) Bak. in 
Journ. Bot. XXIII, p. 180 (1885). 

S. polita Ridl. in Journ. Fed. Mai. St. Mus. VI, p. 202, 
no. 348 (1915). 

S. Blumei Spring in Bull. Ac. Brux. X, p. 143 (1843). 

S. fimbriata Spring in Mem. Ac. Belg. XXIV, p. 258, no. 
198 (1850). 

S. sub fimbriata v.A.v.R. in Bull. Jard. Bot. Buit., ser. 
2, I, p. 26 (1911). 

S. sclerophila v.A.v.R. in Bull, Jard. Bot. Buit., ser. 3, 
II, p. 182 (1920). 

S. vanans v.A.v.R. in Bull. Jard. Bot. Buit., ser. 3, V, 
p. 237 (1922). 

Selangor: Semangkok Pass, Ridley 12638 (K.), 12038 
(K.), 12039 (K.) ; Sempang, Ridley 15631 (BM.K.). 

Pahang: Telom, Ridley 13990 (K.) ; Kuala Teku, 
Seimund 860 (S.), Fraser Hill, 4,000-4,370 ft., Burkill 
& Holttum 8822 (K.), Nur 11020 (BM.), Henderson 11286 
(S.) ; Gunong Tahan, 5,500-7,000 ft., Haniff & Nur 7974 
(K.) ; Teku Woods, G. Tahan, Ridley 15958 (BM.K.), 15951 
(BM.K.) ; Wray’s Camp G. Tahan, Ridley 16195 (K.). 


Vol. VIII. (193U). 




58 


Perak: Bujong Malacca, Curtis 3379 (K.) ; Larut, 
4-5,000 ft., King’s Collector 2411 (K.), 2361 (K.), 2362 
(K.) ; Gunong Hijau, Haniff & Nur 2459 (K.), Fox (S.); 
Taiping, Hervey 1678 (BM.) ; Maxwell’s Hill, Taiping, 
Ridley 5181 (S.) ; Birch’s Hill, Wray (S.). 

Geographical Range: Indo-China, Sumatra, Java, 
Borneo and Philippines. 

The plant (Ridley 7034) referred by Ridley (l.c. p. 
160) to S. suberosa Spring probably comes here. 

SPECIES EXCLUDENDiE. 

S. chrysocauios (Hk. & Gr.) Spring in Bull. Ac. Brux. X, 
p. 232, no. 141 (1843). 

S. hypnoides Spring in Bull. Ac. Brux. X, p. 141, no. 
44 (1843). 

Lycopodium chrysocaulon Hk. & Gr. in Hk. Bot. Misc. 
II, p. 401, no. 182 (1831). 

L. argenteum Wall. List, p. 6, no. 127 (1829) pp. 
Type: Mountains of Penang, Wallich 127 (E.K.). 

This species was wrongly reported from Penang, the 
specimens were doubtless from North India. 


Gardens Bulletin, S.S.