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Full text of "CBCS Census 1933, Press Notice - Summary For The Territory Of Papua"

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CON peice 

CONF..DANT LAL, To be treated as strictly confidential until released 
for publication as follows:- 




The Commonwealth Statistician (Mr. E. T. McPhee) has made 
available Census Bulletin No. 5, containing a Summary of the preliminary 
analysis of the Census returns collected in the Territory of Papua atthe Census of 
the 30th June, 1933. The Bulletin shows particulars concerning the 
population in each district and as to age, marriage, dependent children, 
orphanhood, schooling, war service, religion, birthplace, period of 
residence in Papua, foreign language, nationality, race, industry, grade 
of employment, cause and duration of unemployment, and income. The 
occupied dwellings are classified in detail according to the class of 
dwelling, the materials of which the outer walls were Toint dies. aWbbinloieie. fost 
rooms. number of inmates, number of persons Sleeping. Out, Nature oF 
occupancy, and the unfurnished rental per week. The indigenous popu- 
lation of Papua is not included. 

POPULATION: the population of the Perritory of Papua, excius 
ding natives, on the 30th June, 1933, was 2,173, of whom 1,232 were males 
and 941 females. Port Moresby district contained 628 persons or 29 per 
Gent. of the population of the Territory. Since the 1921 Census there 
has been a decrease of 176 males, and an increase of 271 females in Papua. 
fats increase in the femininity of the population with the related in- 
Crease in the number of children - both actusl and relative to the total 
population - is, perhaps, the most striking change which has emerged 
during the interval of twelve years. 

These chenges indicate e marked development of femily life 
which is apparent among the European population as well as among the 
coloured and half-caste people. The proportion of females among the 
European section of the people increased from 28 per cent. to 41 per 
cent., and among the other sections, from 39 per cent. in 1921 to 46 
Pee Cent. in 1933. 

The number of children under fifteen years of age increased 
Pror 402 or a pore cCant.! i the population Lo “23. ci 33 per veri A 
large proportion of the wives of married men in the Territory are, how- 
ever, still living elsewhere, and of 884 children under 16 years of age, 
who were stated to be dependent on parents residing in Fapua, 140 or 
iyo per cent. were living outside the Territory. 

The various attributes and circumstances of the population are 
Géalt with categorically hereafter. 

AGH: The number of persons under 5 years of age was 277 or 
13 per cent. of the total population; 528 or 24 per cent. were under 
10 years of age; 723 or 32 per cent. were under 15 years of age; and 

900 or 41 per cent. were under 21 years of age. 

Since the 1921 Census, there has been an increase of 238 
Persons or 36 per cent. in the number under 21 years of age, and a de- 
Crease of 142 or 10 per cent. in the number over 21 years of age. Al- 
though the number of females over 21 years of age increased by 33 per 
cent. during the intercensal period, yet the adult male population de- 
creased by 25 per cent. The adult males represented 50 per cent. of 
fe total population in the year 1921 and 36 per cent. in 1943. 


CONJUGAL CONDITION: A total of 524 males and 382 females 
were married, widowed or divorced; being a decrease of 56 males and 
pecncrease of 77 females since the 1921 Census. The total number of 
males not married also showed a decrease of 120 and the females increased 
by 193. At the 1921 Census the number of married females in the 
Territory of Papua was equivalent to 53 per cent. of the number of married 
males, but this ratio hed increased to 73 per cent. in the year 1933. 

females in the Territory stated that they had dependent children under 
16 years of age. The number of dependent children totalled 884 of 
whom 744 resided in the Territory. The average number of dependent 
children under 16 years of age for each adult male was 0.96, and for each 
male breadwinner 0.89. The average for female breadwinners was 0.72 
dependent children. 

SCHOOLING: ine mumber of children in the Territory of Papua 
aged 5 to 14 years totalled 446. At the 30th June, 1923, the number of 
children receiving instruction was 425, of whom 18 per cent. were attend- 
ing Government schools; 69 per cent. Private sichools- and 14 per cent. 
feere receiving instruction at home. 

WAR SHRVICEs: 74 persons, of whom 73 were males and 1 female, 
served abroad with the A.I.F. during the Great War. 9 per cent. of the 

adult male population of the Territory had been members of the A.I.F. 

RELIGION: The Church of England had the greatest number of 
adherents in Papua with 712: followed by Roman Catholic 495; Catholic 
Peselined 123; Presbyterian i732 and Methodist lla. As there was 
no legal obligation to answer this question, 303 persons or 14 per cent-« 
Pave no reply. 

BIRTHPLACE: 48 per cent. of the population of Papua were born 
on the Territory: 30 per cent. in Australias and 10 perm cent. an sciae 
British Isles. During the intercensal period, there was a decrease of 
76 in the number of persons who were born in Australia, and a decrease 
of 181 in the number whose birthplace was the British Isles. On the 
other hand, the Papuan born increased by 463; the percentage of the 
population born in Papua having increased from 28 per cent. in the year 
wei to 46 per cent. in the year 1933. 

NATIONALITY: 2,070 persons or 95 per cent. were stated to 
fener British nationality. During the intercensal period, the number 
of males of British nationality decreased by 156, whereas the females 
increased by 252. Meles of foreign nationality also decreased by 19, 


and the females increased by 5. 

RACH: igiteo persons or 53 per cent. were of European race: 
36 per cent. were non-Huropean full-blood, and 10 per cent. were half- 
caste. There were 284 less European males and 89 more European females 
than were recorded at the 1921 Census. During the intercensal period, 
the number of Malays increased by 95, other Polynesian races by 144, 
and Pepuan half-caste by 60. : 

SMO on es The number of breadwinners in the Territory of 
Papue at the 30th June, 1933, was 1,033 as compared with 1,260 at the 
1921 Census; the number of male breadwinners having decreased by 284 
and female breadwinners having increased by 57. On the other hand, 
the number of dependants increased by 39 per cent. during the inter- 
censal period. 

Of the breadwinners, 378 or 37 per cent. were engaged in 
Public Administration and Professional occupationss 169 or 16 per cent. 
in Agricultural industries, and 154 or 15 per cent. in Commercial occu- 
Matron Ss. Since the 1921 Census, there has been a decrease of 106 or 40 
Per cent. in the number engaged in Coconut growing, and a decrease of 
101 or 64 per cent. in the number engaged in Mining. 



GRADE OF EMPLOYMENT: 651 persons or 30 per cent. of the 
population of Papua were of the Wage-earning group, and of this number 
620 or 95 per cent. were wage or salary earners at the date of the 
Census, and 24 or 3.7 per cent. were unemployed. There were 74 em- 
ployers and lll persons working on own account in the Lerripory. Tie 
number of mule wage-earners at the 1933 Census was 215 less than at the 
previous Census, but female wage-earners were 36 more. 

; UNEMPLOYMENT : The number of persons unemployed at the 30th 
mow 1933, totalled 24 or 3-7 per cent. of the wage-earning group, 
ae compared with 43 or 5.1 per cent. at the date of the 1921 Census. 

INCOME: Of the 1,C33 breadwinners in the ferritory of Fapua, 
1,011 gave particulars of their income, and of these 19.6 per cent. 
stated that they received no income during the year ended the 30th 
Mane, 1933¢ 19.7 per cent. were in receipt of income less than £1 
per weeks 11.7 per cent. between £1 and £2 per weeks beO per cent, 
between £2 and £3 per weeks 4.4 per cent. between £3 and £4 per week; 
4.0 per cent. between £4 and £5 per week; and 35.C per cent. over 
£5 per week. 


At the 3Cth June, 1933, there were 683 occupied dwellings 
in the Territory of Papua, excluding dwellings of the indigenous popu- 
lation, 637 or 93 per cent. were private dwellings, being an increase 
of 27 since the 1921 Census. 

OUTER WALLS: 232 or 36.4 per cent. of the private dwellings 
in the Territory were built of wocd; 215 or 33.8 per cent were con- 
Btructed of native palm, thatch, etc; 84 or ijtec per Conia Were sod 
fibro cement; and 75 or 11.8 per cent. were of iron. 

NUMBER OF ROOMS: Of the 618 private dwellings in respect 
of which particulars concerning the number of rooms were stated, 62 or 
20.0 per cent. consisted of one room; G> oF ho er cent ne 2 rooms$ 
my or 23.08 per cent. of 3 rooms; i433 0F 230) per Cent. of 4 youre, 

84 or eecrver cents. of 5 2eomes and G67 or 14.1 per cent. of saver es 
rooms. The average number of rooms per occupied private dwelling at 
Census was 3.68 as compared with 3.27 at the previous Census. 

NUMBER OF INMATHSs The average number of inmates per occu- 
Pied private dwelling at the 30th June, 1933, was 2.83 as compared with 
2e31 at the previous Census. The number of private dwellings with 
Yess than 4 inmates was 43 less than at the 1921 Census, and the number 
Of private dwellings with 4 or more inmates increased by 7C. 

SLEEPING OUT, Of the 637 occupied private dwellings in Fapua, 
it was stated that in 83 dwellings, or 13.0 per cent., persons were 
Sleeping out through the year on verandahs or in sleepouts which were 
not permanently enclosed. 

NATURE OF OCCUPANCY: At tne 3Cth June, 1933, a total of 218 
Or 36 per. cent. of the dwellings for which the nature of occupancy was 
defined were occupied by owners; and 236 or 39 per cent. were oecupied 
by tenents, Since the 1921 Census, the number of cwners occupying 
their own dwellings has increased by 37 per cent. 

UNFURNISHED RENTAL PER WHEE: Ch the 236 private dwellings 
OCcupied by tenants, particulars concerning rental were supplied for 
Only 100 dwellings as compared with 268 out of a total of 316 at the 

Previous Census. For 7 per cent. an unfurnished rental of less than 
10/- per week was paid: 15 per cent. between 10/— and 15/- per weeks 
29 per cent. between 15/- and 2C0/- per weeks 28 per cent. between 
20/~ and 25/- per week; and 21 per cent over 25/- per weck. 

ee, Commonwealth Statistician, 

Printed and Published b ‘ foPh 
ifehy Une G@ualian 25th July, 1934. 


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