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THE  GENERAL  ASSEMBLY  OF  THE  PRESBYTERIAN  CHURCH 

IN   THE  UNITED  STATES  OF  AMERICA. 


Volume  XH 


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PRESBYTERIAN  BOARD  OF  PUBLICATION  AND  SABBATH-SCHOOL  WORK^ 

Nc.    1334  Chestnut   Street, 
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INDEX  TO  VOLUME  XII. 


PAGB 

Abbeville  S.  C. ,  Missions  at,  .  .  .  65 
Across  the  Continent,  ....  3,  105 
Address  to  General  Assembly,    ...        9 

Adult  Converts, 303 

Africa,  A  Bible  for, 462 

Africa,  Additions  to  the  Church,  .  .  327 
Africa,  Among  the  Basoutoo,      .        .  266 

Africa,  Death  of  Rev.  Samuel  W.  Lapsley,  214 
Africa,  Explorations  in,  ....  30 
Africa,    Free    Church    Mission    on    I<ake 

Nyassa, 361 

Africa,  Gazaland, 214 

Africa,  Kaffir, 266 

Africa,  Letters  from,  .  48,  150,  230,  422,  502 
Africa,  Missionary  Pioneering  in  Katanga,  200 
Africa,  Newspaper  Issued  by  Women,  .  458 
Africa,  Slave  Traders  Captured,  .  .  .214 
Africa  Trouble  Threatened  in  Uganda,  .  305 
Africo- American  Presbyterian  Elder,  .     115 

Africa,  Explorations  in,  ....  407 
Africa,  Schools  on  Lake  Nyassa,  .  407 

Africa,  The  Kaffir  Race,  ....  404 
Alaska,  Letters  from,  ....     242,  339 

Albert  Lea  College, 446 

Albuquerque,  New  Mexico,  .  .  .  266 
Allen,  Rev.  Dr.,  Death,  .         .     383, 444 

American  Chinese  Sunday  Schools,  .  .257 
American  Colleges,      .        .        .        .         *     211 

Among  the  Dakotas, 33 

Anti-Foreign  Publications  in  China,  .  .  293 
Anti-Foreign  Riots  in  China,      .        .        .    308 

Apportionment, 531 

Arctic  Expeditions, 510 

Arizona,  Letters  from,  .        .        .     242,511 

Bible  in  Korea, 140 

Biddle  University,  Industrial  Education  in,  194 
Bishop  of  Exeter  at  Church  Missionary 

Society  Meeting, 458 

Bishop's,  Mrs.  Travels,  ....  23 
Blood  of  the    Martyrs  the    Seed   of  the 

Church, 330 

Bohemian  Work,          ....    329,  456 

Brazil,  Why  Send  Missionaries  to,      .        .  409 

Buddhist  Priests, 139 

Bulgaria,  Church  Building  in,     .                 .  362 

Burma,  Christian's  God  Tested,          .        .  363 

Busy  Missionary, 240 

Butler  Bible- Work, 383 

By  Mountain  Roads,    .        .        *        .        .  445 

California,  Synod  of,  .  •  .  .  .  507 
Called  of  Goid  Among  the  Laos,  *      41 

Canada  Presbyterian  Church,  Furlough  of 

Missionaries, 458 

Cashmere,  Great  Progress,  .        .        .    404 

Chalfant,  Death  of  Infant  Child,  .  104,  385 
Chicago's  Chief  of  Police,  ....     542 

Children's  Help, 265 

Children's  Letters,      ....    534,  536 

Child's  Smile, 73 

Chili,  Letter  from, 146 

Chili,  Missions  among  the  Children,  .    416 

Chili,  Opening  a  new  Station,  .  .  .413 
China,  An  Imperial  Edict,  .        .        .    489 

China,  Anti-Foreign  Publications  in,  .     293 

China,  Anti-Foreign  Riots  in,     .         .        .    308 

China,  Bibles  for, 543 

Qhina,  Christians  to  be  Trusted,         ,        .    544 


PAOB 


China,  Death  of  Georgia  Chalfant,      .     104, 385 

China,  Influence  of  Missions,     .        .        .    544 

China,  Inland  Mission, 

China,  Itinerating  in  Shantung, 

China,  Journey  in,       . 

China,  Kwong-Sai,       .        .        .        - 

China,  Letters  from,     .        45,  146,  148,  231,  327 

China,  Medical  Science,      ....    460 

China,  Memorial  of  Government, 

China,  Noises, 

China,  Pilgrimage  of  Women,    . 
China,  Presbytery  of  Manchuria, 
China,  Reformation  of  Opium  Smokers, 
China,  Statistics  of  Missions, 
China,  Strong  Pull  and  a  Long  Pull,  . 
China,  Swatow  Presbytery, 
China,  Troubles  not  Over,  . 
China,  Work  of  Chinese  Elders, 
China,  Work  of  Native  Evangelists,  . 
Chinese  and  Japanese  in  United    States 

Our  Pacific  Coast  Missions, 
Chinese  and  Japanese  in  United  States^  Sta 

tionsand  Missionaries, 
Chinese  Exclusion  Bill, 
Chinese  in  the  United  States,  Miss  Culbert 

son  and  Her  Noble  Work,     . 
Chinese,  Our  National  Attitude  Toward, 
Chinese  Rescue  Work  in  San  Francisco, 
Chinese  Sunday  Schools  in  America, 
Chinese  Worship,        .... 
Cholera  Times  in  Persia,     .        .  291,  306 

Christian  Endeavor  and  Missions,  212,  237,  406- 


29 

132 

392 
460 


459 
538 
542 
460 
362 

305 
261 

459 
459 
459 
459 

36 

33- 
29. 

38- 

129' 

433- 
257 
391 


544r 

15 
534 
455 
329 

123 
24 


522 

238 
74 
36,238 
286 


Christianity  and  Mohammedanism, 
Christian  Missions  as    a  Factor    in    the 

World's  Progress, 
Christian  Missions  the  Friend  of  Children 
Chrysanthemums,        .... 
Church  Building  in  Nebraska,    . 
Church  Erection,  Action  of  General  Assem 

bly, 

Church  Erection,  A  Misapprehension, 
Church  Erection,  Report  of  Committee  in 

New  York  Synod, 
Church  Extension  in  the  West, 
Church  Kindergarten  Work, 
City  Evangelization,    . 
Cloud  and  Light, 
Colleges  and  Academies,  Action  of  the  Gen 

eral  Assembly,  1892 209 

Colleges  and  Academies,  Address  of  Sec 

retkry, 165 

Colleges  and  Academies,  Principles,  .  .  27 
Colleges  and  Academies,  The  New  Rule,  .    299 

Colombia, 407 

Colombia,,  Prices  in  Bogota,  .        .    407 

Columbian  Exposition,  ....  356 
Columbian  OflFering  for  Foreign  Missions,.  307 
Columbian  Oflfering  for  Home  Missions,  235,332 
Comparative  Summary,      .        .         .      383,461 

Concert  of  Prayer, 198 

Congress  of  Religions,         .  .129 

Council  at  Toronto, 388 

Craving  a  Luxury, 435 

Credulity  of  Incredulity 253 

Cross-Bearer's  Missionary  Reading  Circle,  104 
Culbertson,  Miss,  and  Her  Noble  Work,     .      38 

Dakotas,  Among  the 33 

Daniel  and  His  Three  Young  Friends,      .     171 

ill 


IV 


Index. 


PAOB 

Dayton,  Tenn.,  Addition  to  the  Church,    .  52 

Debts, 519 

Discouraging  Drawback,    ....  153 

Divine  Call  to  Mission  Service,  .  260 

Do  You  Think  It  Pa^^s  ?      .        .         .         .  529 

Dr.  Kendall  as  a  Writer,     ....  379 

Bdinburgh  Medical  Missionary  Society,  32 

Education, 296,525 

Education,  Action  of  General  Assembly,  .  113 

Education,  Board  of 400 

Egypt,  English  Missionary  Work,               .  543 
Emporia  College,  Kansas,  .                       I57f302 

Empty  Treasury, 336 

Encouraging  to  Patriots,     ....  205 

Encouraging  Words  About  the  Negroes,     .  267 

Endowments 168 

Everett,  Washington 153 

Facts  from  Kansas, 330 

Famine  Relief  Fund, 44 

Fanaticism, 490 

.    384 
19 

•   156,332 
.   243,517 


48,i50,230>422,502 

.     146 

45.146,148,231,327 


Farewell  of  Missionaries,    . 

Fire- Worshipper's  Funeral, 

Florida,        .... 

Florida,  Letters  from   . 

Foreign  Mission  Letters : 
Africa,  .... 

Chili 

China,  ... 

Guatemala,  .  .        .        7    230 

India,    .  46,147,229,326,421,504 

Indians, 44 

Japan, 46,423,424 

Korea I49t325 

Laos 147,227,327 

Persia, 231,420 

Siam 228,323,503 

Foreign  Missions,  Action  of  Board,  May 
2 1st,  1892, 

Fortnight  in  Western  New  York, 


rie, 
and 


France,  Influence  of  Cardinal  Lavigi 
Free  Church  Assembly  at  Edinburgh 

Foreign  Mission,          ....  407 

Freedmen, 298 

Freedmen,  Mission  at  Abbeville,  S.  C,  65 

Freedmen,  Our  Work  for    .                 .  441 
Freedmen,  Truth  and  Soberness,                .116 

Free  Libraries, 529 

Gale  University,  Wisconsin,                        .  302 

Generous  Elder, 333 

German  Home  Mission  Work.     ...  50 
German  Presbyterian  Theological  School 

of  the  North-west,       ....  401 

Gilmour  James,  of  Mongolia,                      .  486 

Glance  Forward, 475 

Glimpse  of  Frontier  Mission  Work.          .  516 

Good  Investment 173 

Grand  Review, 14 

Grant,  Mr.  W.  Henry,         .  .212 

Great  Britain,  Christian  Benevolence,  30 

Guatemala,  Letter  from 230 

Guessing  on  the  Picture,     ....  535 

Heathen  Traditions, 363 

Helen  M.  White  Fund,  .216 

Helps  Heavenward 449 

Hirsch,  Hon.  S.,  Aid  to  Missions,  32 

Holland, 265 

Home  for  Missionaries'  Children,       .        .  307 

Home  Influence, 523 

Home  Mission  Appointments, 

64,  163,  247,345,440,517 


29 

187 

30 


Home  Missionary  Meeting  at  Salt  Lake 

City,  Utah,   . 
Home  Missionary's  Wife, 
Home  Mission  Circulars, 
Home  Mission  Letters 


Alaska, 
Arizona, 
Florida, 
Idaho,  . 
Illinois, 

Indian  Territory, 
Iowa,     . 
Kansas, 
Maine,  . 
Michigan, 
Minnesota,    . 
Montana, 
Nebraska, 
Nevada, 
New  Mexico, 
New  York,    . 
North  Carolina, 
North  Dakota, 
Ohio,     . 
Oklahoma,    . 
Oregon, 
South  Dakote, 
Utah,     . 
Washington, 
West  Virginia, 


PAGB 

152 
331 
235 


•  242, 339 
242,  511 

•  243,  517 
.    342 

247»34o,  5" 
56.  60,  342 

.        .    516 
62,  162,  243 
.    511 
.     162 
57.60 
.    246 
61,  245,  246,  516 
161 

161,  341,  515 
.     244,511 

.  511 
5" 
516 

•  59 

•  343 

.     338 
58,  160,  340 

•  245,  337 
.    344 

59.  62,  339 

156,  235.  237 

336 


159. 


Wisconsin, 
Home  Missions,  Board's  Debt, 
Home  Missions,  Empty  Treasury, 
Home  Missions  in  General  Assembly, 
Home  Missions,  Opportunities, 
Home  Missions,  Results  of  the  Year, 
Home  Missions,  Summer  Receipts,   . 
Home  Missions,  The  Outlook,   . 
Home  Missions,  Treasury  of  the  Board, 
Home  Mission  Teachers,  Good  Work  of. 
Hospital  Incidents  in  Persia, 
How  a  Little  Indian  Girl  Gave  Herself  to 

Jesus 

How  Long,  O  Lord,  How  Long! 
How  One  Church  is  to  be  Built, 
How  to  Liberalize  the  People,    . 
Huss,  Celebration  of  his  Birthday, 

daho.  Building  the  Ruins, 
daho.  Letter  from, 
daho.  Opportunities  for  Work, 
Uinois,  Letters  from,  . 
llustrations,        .... 

mperial  Edict, 

ndia,  Badaga  Women, 
ndia.  Death  of  Mrs,  J.  L.  Scott, 
ndia,  Field  Notes  from, 
ndia,  Hindoo  Convert's  Definitions, 
ndia.  Increase  in  Population,     . 
ndia,  Infidel  Publications  Circulated, 
ndia,  Letters  from,      46,  147,  229,  326,  42 
ndia.  Low  Standard  of  Piety,    . 
ndia,  New  Wine  vs.  Old  Bottles, 
ndia.  Notes  on  Missions,  . 
ndia,  Proportion  of  Professing  Christians 
ndia.  Rev.  S.  H.  Kellogg  to  Return, 
ndia.  Report  of  Methodist  Conference, 
ndia,  Testimony  of  Sir  Charles  Elliot, 
ndia,  The  Search  for  Gold, 
ndia,  lliink  on  These  Things,    . 
Indian  Camp« 


247,  340 


49 

233 

5^ 
236 

240 
334 
154 
316 

354 

498 
26 

397 
30 

434 
342 

239 

511 
104 

489 

544 
212 

215 

544 
461 

304 
1,504 
542 
266 
408 

543 
542 

304 
460 

543 
173 
510 


I/uIex, 


PAGB 

Indians,  Among  the  Dakotas,    •        *        •  33 

Indians,  A  Unique  Mission,        •        -        •  35 

Indians,  Letter  from, 44 

Indians,  Senecas, 31 

Indians,  Stations  and  Missionaries,    .  33 

Indians,  The  Year  among  the  Senecas,  36 

Indians,  Wonderful  Book,  ....  362 
Indian  Territory,  Letters  from,  .                 56,  60 

Indian  Territory,  Our  Work  in,  524 

Individual  Appeals  for  Missions,  203 

Industrial  Education  in  Biddle  University,  194 

Ingleside  Seminary,    .....  485 

Insurance  was  too  Expensive,    .  207 

International  Missionary  Conference,  1892,  126 
Into  the  Inner  Prison,         .                         '313 

Introduction  to  Sergipe,     ....  418 

Iowa,  Letter  from, 516 

Is  the  Proportion  E<}ui table,  207 

Italian  Church  Anniversary,  •  •  •  54 
Itinerating  in  Shantung,    .        .                 .132 

Jackson,^  Dr.  Sheldon,  Report  of  Murder,  49 
James  Gilmour  of  Mongolia,  .  .  .  486 
Japanese  and  Chinese  in  the  United  States, 

Stations  and  Missionaries,   •        •        •      33 
Japanese,  Sympathy  of,       .  .218 

Japan,  Pniit  of  Mission  Work,  .  .    303 

Japan,  Good  out  of  Evil,    ....     218 
Japan,  Letters  from,     . 
Japan,  Map  of,     . 
Japan,  New  Buddhism, 
Japan,  Once  a  Buddhist,  Now  a  Christian 

Minister, 
Japan,  Open  Fountain, 
Japan,  Prospects  and  Problems, 
Japan,  Report  of  Board  of  Foreign   Mis- 
sions of  Reformed  Church,  . 
Japan,  Resignation  of  Dr.  Hepburn, 
Japan,  Resolutions  of  Mission,  . 
Japan,  Stations  and  Missionaries, 
Japan,  Things  New  and  Old, 
Jews,  Colporta^e  Work  in  Roumania, 
Journey  in  China,        .... 
Just  and  Generous  Tribute, 

Kaffir  Race, 

Kalispell,  Montana,     .... 
Kansas,  Facts  from,     .... 
Kansas,  Letters  from,  . 
Kendall,  Dr.,  As  a  Writer 
Kendall,  Dr.,  Minute  of  the  Board  on  His 
Death, 


PAOB 


46,  423,  424 
104 

305 


Kendall,  Henry, 

Kindergarten  in  Hadjin,  Asia  Minor, 

Knoxville,  Tenn.,  Good  Prospects, 

Korea, 

Korea,  Bible  in,  . 

Korea,  Buddhist  Priest  in,  . 

Korea,  No  Call  for  Timidity, 

Korea,  Not  a  Nice  Place  to  Live  in, 

Korea,  Our  Ojpj  Mission  in, 

Korea,  Poverty  of,      . 

Korea,  Language  of,  and  Missions, 

Korea,  Letters  from,    . 

Korea,  Request  for  Missionaries, 

Korea,  Stations  and  Missionaries, 

Korea,  What  is  the  Religion  of  . 

Korean  Boys,       .... 

Korean  Evangelists,   . 

Korean  Lady  Converted,     . 

"Langixaige  of  Korea  and  Missions, 
Last  Census— Presbyterian  Statistics, 


505 

283,425,505,511 

75 

52 

137 
140 

139 
144 

140 

139 

139 
141 

325 
219 

137 

138 

537 
142 

542 

141 
206 


386 
221 
223 

458 

218 
219 

543 

392 

12 

404 

399 

330 
62,  162,  243 

379 


149 


Laos,  Called  of  God  Among  the 
Laos,  Encouragement, 
Laos,  Letters  from 
Laos,  The  Moosurs,     . 
Lay  Preachers,     . 
Light  the  Pulpit  from  Above, 
Line  of  Battle  for  Missions, 
*' Lion's  Share  "  Again, 
Little  Farm  Well  Tilled,     . 
London  Missionary  Society, 
Looking  Backwara,     . 


Maine,  Letter  from,    .        .        * 

Maoris  of  New  Zealand, 

Maplewood,  Minn. ,  Dedication  at 

Mexican  Christian  and  American  Christian 

Mexican  H.  M.  Board, 

Mexicans  in  New  Mexico, 

Michigan,  Letter  from 

Ministerial  Relief,  Action  of  General  As 

sembly. 
Ministerial  Relief,  Awakening  Interest  in 

the  Work  of  the  Board, 
Ministerial  Relief,  Report  to  General  As 

sembly, 
Minnesota,  . 
Minnesota,  Letters  from 
Minnesota  Occupied,  . 
Ministerial  Relief,  Extracts   from    Secre 

tary's  Address, 
Mirza  Bagir, 
Misapprehension,  A 
Miss  Brown's  Little  Girls, 
Missionaries'  Duties,  . 
Missionaries,  Only  the  Best  Desirable 
Missionary  Calendar,  . 
Missionary  Itinerating, 
Missionary  Life, . 
Missionary  Pioneering  in  Katanga,  Central 

Africa,  ..... 
Missionary  Policy, 
Missionary  Statistics,  . 
Mission  Outlook, 
Missions  Among  the  Children,   . 
Missions  in  New  Guinea.     . 
Mahommedanism  and  Christianity, 
Mahommedanism   Moving, 
Mongolia,  James  Gilmour  of 
Montana,  Letter  from  . 
Montana,  Other  End  of  that  Rope, 

Moosurs, 

Moravian  Missions,    . 

Mormons, 

Moslem  Converts, 
Mountain  Station, 
Mountain  Whites, 
Mr.  Sleeper's  Juniors, 

Nebraska, 

Nebraska,  Church  Building  in 
Nebraska,  Letters  from        .        .61 
Nebraska,  Progress  in  Lincoln,  . 
Nebraska  Notes, 
Necrology,  Ministerial,  76,174,194,198,254, 

256,364,382,456,532 

Need  of  Our  Time, 542 

Negro's  Problem, 


304 


245,2 


511 
29 

57 

135 
488 

234 
162 

121 

527 

66 

52 

57»6o 

234 

249 

42 

24 

452 

31 

543 
490 

288 

217 

481 

200 

459 
305 
304 
416 

481 

544 
190 

486 

246 

435 
394 
305 
158 

303 

3" 

63 
170 

434 

329 
46,516 

332 
507 


New  City,  Kansas, 
Nevada,  Letter  from 
New  Departure,  . 
New  Gmnea,  Missions,  to 
New  Mexico, 


442 
400 
161 
440 
<8i 
52 


VI 


Index. 


PAOB 


New  Mexico,  Darkness  in  .  .  .  •  53 
New  Mexico,  Letters  from  .        161,341,515 

New  Mexico,  Region  Round  About  Santa  Fe,  437 
News  Notes  from  Sy nodical  Missionaries.  434 
New  Station  of  the  Presbyterian  Board,  .  320 
New  York,  Letters  from  .  .  .  244.511 
New  York  State  S^nodical  Aid  Fund,  .  17 
New  2^aland,  Religion  in  .  265 

No  Call  for  Timidity  in  Korea,   .  144 

Noises, 538 

No  New  Work, 510 

North  Carolina,  Letter  from        .  .511 

North  Dakota, 437 

North  Dakota,  Letters  from,  159,511 
Not  a  Nice  Place  to  Live  in,  .  .  140 
No  Use  for  Jesus, 70 

Ohio,  Letter  from, 516 

Oklahoma,  Letter  from,  ...  *  59 
Once  a  Buddhist,  Now  a  Christian  Minister,    386 

One  Clean  Spot, 353 

Opened  Mouth, 173 

Open  Fountain, 221 

Opening  a  New  Station  in  Chili,  .  .  413 
Orange,  N.  J.,  Church  Building,  .     346 

Oregon •507 

Oregon,  Letters  from,  .     343,  344 

Our  Church  in  the  South,  .  -513 

Our  Communion — Other  Communions,  .  103 
Our  National  Attitude  toward  the  Chinese,  129 
Our  Pacific  Coast  Missions,  ...  36 
Our  Work  for  the  Freedmen,  .         .441 

Our  Work  in  Indian  Territory,  .        .524 

460 

157 

25 

295 
232 

19 

318 
306 

490 

291 

316 

313 
1,420 

42 

23 


291 


Palestine,  Future  of,  ... 

Park  College,  Missouri, 

Parsonage,  The,  .... 

Pastor  and  People,      .... 

Persecution  of  Christian  Converts,    . 

Persia,  A  Fire- Worshipper's  Funeral, 

Persia,  Boys*  School,  Tabriz, 

Persia,  Cholera  Times  in,   . 

Persia,  Fanaticism, 

Persia,  Good  News, 

Persia,  Hospital  Incidents  iu, 

Persia,  Into  the  Inner  Prison, 

Persia,  Letters  from,  . 

Persia,  Mirza  Bagir, 

Persia,  Mrs.  Bishop's  Travels, 

Persia,  New  Station  of  the  Presbyterian 

Board, 
Persia,  Religious  Life  in  Cholera  Times  in 
Persia,  Stations  and  Missionaries, 
Persia,  The  Mountain  Station, 
Persia,  Trouble  in  the  Koordish  Mountains,    3 18 
Picture  for  the  Children,     .         .        .     350,  386 

170 

139 
196 

542 

285 

476 

103 
302 

223 

260 


320 
480 
310 

311 


Piety  at  Home, 

Poverty  of  Korea, 

Prayer  for  a  Luke- warm  Church, 

Presbyterian  Communicants, 

Presbyterian  Home  Mission, 

Presbyterian  House,  New  York, 

President  of  the  Republic, 

Princeton  College,  Kentucky,     . 

Prospects  and  Problems  in  Japan, 

Pseudo-Martyrdom,     . 

Publication  and  Sabbath-School  Work, 
Items  from  Annual  Report,         .     1 19 

Publication  and  Sabbath-School  Work,  Re- 
port of  Standing  Committee, 

Publication  and  Sabbath-School  Work,  Re- 
sults of  Four  Years 's  Work, 


PAGE 

Railroads  in  United  States  ....  333 

Recent  Publications, 252 

Reformed  Church  in  America^and  German 

Reformed  Church,       ....  458 

Region  Round  About  Sante  Fe,  437 

Religious  Life  in  Persia  in  Cholera  Times,  480 

Results  of  the  Year 55 

Riverside,  Cal., 154 

Roberts,  Rev.  W.  C.,as  Home  Mission  Sec- 
retary,    49 

Roberts,  Secretary,  Sailed  for  Europe,        .  153 

Route  to  General  Assembly,                 .  49 

Rural  Churches, 993 

Sabbath  at  Salt  Lake  City,          ...  6 
Sabbath  School  Lessons,  Thoughts  on, 

72,  112,  199,  35i»  451,540 


69 
350 

302 
6 

155 

437 
292 

212 

14 
333 

31 

36 
418 

70 
132 
228,  323,  503 


254 
117 

529 


Sabbath  School  Missionary  Map, 

Sabbath  School  Work, 

Salida  Academy,  Oregon,    . 

Salt  Lake  City,  A  Sabbath  at,     . 

San  Francisco  to  New  York, 

Santa  Fe,  Region  Round  About, 

School  of  the  Sacred  Oak,  . 

Scott,  Mrs.  J.  L. ,  Death  of,  . 

Secret  Service,  Open  Rew^ard,     . 

Self-support  in  Home  Mission  Churches, 

Seneca  Indians, 

Senccas,  The  Year  among  the,    . 
Sergipe,  An  introduction  to. 
Shall  it  be  Won  fof  Christ? 
Shantung,  Itinerating  in. 
Si  am,  Letters  from,     . 

Significant  Facts, 156 

Sin  and  Faith, 544 

Some  Suggestions, 401 

Some  Thoughts  of  God  about  Syria,  .        .  491 

South  America,  Stations  and  Missionaries  .  409 

South  Dakota,  Good  News  from,          .        .  71 

South  Dakota,  Letter  from,        .                 .  338 
South,  Our  Church  in  the,                            "513 

South,  The, 512 

Spain,  Bible  in, 542 

Spiritual  Harvesting  in  Syria,     ...  38 

Strong  Pull  and  a  Long  Pull ,  261 

Student  Offers  of  Service,                     .  265 

Student  Work, 436 

Successfril  Enterprise,         ....  28 

Synods,  Notes  on  the,          ....  506 

Synods,  Summary  by,        .        .                 .  462 

Syria,  Gospel  Clinic,           ....  257 

Syria,  How  Long,  O  Lord,  How  Long !      .  498 

Syria,  Missionary  Itinerating,     .         .         .  288 

Syria,  Mohammedanism  Moving,       .         .  190 
Syrian  Protestant  College,  New  Assembly 

Hall, ^  497 

Syria,  Some  Thoughts  of  God  about,  .  491 
Syria,  School  of  the  Sacred  Oak,  .  292 
Syria,  Spiritual  Harvesting  in,  ,  .  38 
Syria,  Stations  and  Missionaries,  .  .  491 
Systematic  Beneficience,  .  291,  352 
Systematic  Beneficience,  Apportionment,  531 
Systematic  Beneficience,  Report  of  Com- 
mittee,    433 

Temperance 169 

Temperance  in  the  British  Army,               .  353 

Tennessee, 331 

Texas, 510 

Texas,  Additions  to  the  Church,         .        .  328 

Texas,  Synod  of, 54 

Things  New  and  Old,  .        .        •        •        .  V9 


Index. 


vu 


PAOB 


Timely  Hints, 328 

Too  Many  Churches,  .        .        .        .        .    520 

Toronto,  Council  at, 388 

Torres,  Sr.,  Death  of,  .        .        .        .128 

Touching  Incident, 213 

Touching  Scene, 153 

Treasury  of  the  Board  of  Home  Missions,  334 
Trip  to  Bonner's  Perry,  Idaho,  .  .  .  435 
Trouble  in  the  Koordish  Mountains,  .        .318 

Truth  and  Soberness 116 

Two  K's, 518 

Unique  Mission, 35 

Utah,  a  Touching  Scene,  ....  153 
Utah,  Is  Mormonism  Dead  ?  .  .  .  157 
Utah,  Letters  from,      ...        58,  160,  340 

Utah,  Note  from, 53 

Utah,  Progress  in  Patriotism,     .        .  155 

Visits  Here  and  There,         ....    429 

Waldenses  in  America,  ....  235 
Walker,  Rev.  Alexander,  Death  of,    .  23 

Washington,  Letters  from,  .        .     245, 337 


Abbott,  Rev.  R.  R.,     . 
Adams,  Nehemiah, 
Adams,  Rev.  A.  D.,     . 
Adams,  Rev.  R.  N.,     . 
Austin.  Rev.  A.  E  . 

Bailie,  Rev.  Joseph,     . 
Bailey,  Mrs.  M.  T.,     . 
Bailey,  Rev.  P.  S., 
Baird,  Rev.  W.  M.,      . 
Ballagh,  Rev.  John  C.  . 
Bannerman,  Rev.  W.  S., 
Barrows,  Rev.  J.  H.,    . 
Bartlett,  Rev.  R.  A.,    . 
Barton,  Rev.  J.  H., 
Besolow,  Thomas  E-, 
Boomer,  Rev.  W.  B.,  . 
Bradley,  Rev.  Joseph  H., 
Briggs,  W,  A.,  M.  D., 
Campbell,  C.  W., 
Carson,  Rev.  H.  P.,     . 
Chalfant,  Rev.  P.  H,, 
Chattexjee,  Rev.  K.  C., 
Clark,  Rev.  P.  E., 
Clark,  Rev.  Richard  A., 
Cochran,  J.  P.,  M.  D., 
Coile,  Rev.  A.  J., 
Collins,  Rev.  D.  G.,    . 
Cook,  Rev.  C.  H., 
Cook,  Joseph 
Cooper,  Rev.  A.  Willard, 
Craven,  Rev.  E.  R.     . 
Crowe,  Rev.  J.  B., 
Cruikshank,  Rev.  Robert 
Curtis,  Rev.  P.  S„ 

Davis,  Rev.  J.  A. 
Deems,  Rev. 
Dennis,  Rev.  James  S., 
Dickson.  Miss  J.  B.,    . 
Dodd,  Rev.  W.  C,      . 
Duncan,  Rev.  C.  A.,    . 
Eakin,  Miss  L.  A., 
Eddy,  Rev.  W.K.,       . 
Edwards,  Rev.  George, 
Ellin  wood.  Rev.  P.  P., 
Elliott,  G.  M.,    . 


PAGB 

• 

Washington,  Significant  Pacts,  .        .        *  156 

Waterville,  Washington,  Revival,                .  50 

Western  Colleges, Distinguished  Graduates,  211 

West  Virginia,  Letter  from,        .        .        .  344 

What  a  Parmer  Did,    .         •        .        .        .  520 

What  Certain  "Elect  Ladies  *'  are  Doing,  .  208 

What  is  the  Religion  of  Korea,  .        .        .  138 

What  ?  More  Churches  I      .        .        .        .  509 

Where  There's  a  Will,  There's  a  Way,        .  520 
Whose  is  the  Responsibility?       .        .        .21 

Who  Would  Think  It?         ....  364 

Why  Send  Missionaries,  to  Brazil,      .        .  409 
Wisconsin,  Letters  from,     . 
Wisconsin  Synod,        .... 
Woman's  Suggestion, 
Work  for  Christ  Our  Business,    . 
Working  Church  Without  a  Minister, 
Write  Him  a  Letter,    ... 

Year  Among  the  Senecas,   . 
Young  Men's  Effort,    .... 
Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  Eleventh  International  Con- 
vention,          262 


59.  62,  339 
508 

49 
291 

509 

450 

36 

308 


WRITERS. 

PAOB 

446      Elterich,  Rev.  W.  H., 
199      Ely,  Ebenezer  S., 
25      E.  M.  W.    , . 
60,  234      Enloe,   Gillespie, 

242      Esselstyn,  Rev.  Lewis,  P., 
227      Ewing,  Rev.  A.  H.,     . 

295  Perguson,  Rev.  S.  R., 
437      Pleming,  Rev.  S.  B., . 

325  Pord,  Mr.  Edward  A., 

219  Pord,  Rev,  Geo.  E.,     . 

150  Pox,  Rev.  P.  M., 

356  Prazee,  Mrs.  E.  M., 

52  Garritt,  Rev.  J., 

239,  342  Garvin,  Rev.  J.  P., 

263  Gault,  Rev.  W.  C, 

413  Geissinger,  Miss  Annie  S., 

352  Ghormley,  Rev.  D.  O., 

44,288  Gibson,  Rev.  J.  T., 

139  Gifford,  Rev.  D.  L., 

338  Godduhn,  Rev.  G.  A., 

489  Goheen,  Rev.  J.  M.,  . 

422  Gordon,  Rev.  A.  J.,     . 

263  Goss,  Rev.  Charles  P., 
62  .  Graham,  Rev.  J.  P.,     . 

316  Grant,  Edwin  H., 

52  Grant,  W.  Henry 

41  Gunn,  Rev.  T.  M., 

242  Hager,  Rev.  C.  R., 

264  Hartley,  Rev.  R.  H.,  . 
323  Hawkes,  Mrs.  J.  W.,   . 
253  Hawk,  Jue   . 
524  Hewitt,  Rev.  J.  H., 
337  HofEman,  Rev.  W.  H., 

423  Hoyt,  Rev.  Wayland, 
126  Hunter,  Rev.  R.  M,, 

262  Iddings,  Rev.  D.  Y.,  . 

15  Imbrie,  Rev.  William, 

44  Irvin,  Rev.  William, 

227.327  Jacot,  Rev.  H.,    . 

33^.513  Jamieson,  Rev.  J.  M,, 

503  Jeremiassen,  C.  S., 

190,291  J.  P.  H., 

161  J.  G.  K.,       .         .         . 

129,308  Johnson,  Rev.  Eli, 

523  Johnston,  Rev.  James, 


156, 


PAOB 

132 

450 
408 

530 

19 

421 

53 

243»33o 

503 
288 

511 

510 
148 

416 

502 

46 

344 

44i»444 

137 
230,422 

147 

543 
12 

326 

71 
203 

328,435.509 
257 
154 
420 

263 
162 

233 
264 

511 

230 

219 

73.  433 
48 

353 

45 
168 

391 
60 

200,  481 


VUl 


Index, 


Keigwin,  Rev.  H., 
Kirkwood,  Rev.  T.  C, 
Knox,  Rev.  Geo.,  W., 
Kolb,  Rev.  J.  B., 

Lane,  Mis.  M.,    . 
Laughlin,  Rev.  J.  M., 
Leonard,  Rev.  J.  M., 
Lester,  Rev.  W.  H.,    . 
Little,  Rev.  Henry  S., 
Loomis,  Rev.  H., 

Mabie,  Rev., 
March,  Rev.  P.  W.,     . 
Mardy,  Rev.  John, 
Marshall,  Thomas,  D.  D., 
McBumey,  H.  C, 
McClintock, 
McCrae,  Mrs.  John 
McDonald,  Rev.  James  S., 
McGilvary,  Rev.  D.,   . 
McGuire,  Rev.  Thomas, 
Mcintosh,  Gilbert,  Mr., 
McKay,  Rev.  Kenneth, 
McKean.J.  W.,  M.  D., 
McKee,  Rev.  W.  J.,    . 
Menaul,  Rev.  James  A., 
Miller,  Rev.  C.  H.,      . 
Miller,  Rev.  W.  L.,     . 
Moffett,  Rev.  S.  A.,     . 
Moore,  Rev.  W.  E.,     . 
Morris,  Mrs.  M.  R.,    . 
Murphy,  Rev.  E.  N.,  . 
Neil,  Mrs.  S.  J., 
Nelson,  Rev.  W.  S.,     . 
Newton,  Rev.  C.  B.,    . 

Newton,  Rev.  E.  P.,  . 

O^en,  Addis, 


Partch,  Rev.  V.  P.,     . 
Patrick,  Edward  A,     . 

Patton,  Rev.  F.  L.,     . 
Payne,  Rev.  H.  N.,     . 
Pflug,  Rev.  Geo.  A.,  . 
Perry,  George,     . 
Pierson,  Rev.  George  P., 
Pierson,  Rev.  H.  G.,  . 


243. 


i6i. 


PAGE 

332,  517 

•  330 
.   223 

.   418 

.   538 

•  392 
.   424 

146 

328,  512 

.   3B6 

.   264 

•  39 

•  159 
.  484 

•  70 
.  540 
.  400 

■  507 
.  394 

•  245 

•  293 

.  147 
.  231 

234,  5" 

•  59 

•  342 
142,  149 

.  388 

.  246 

160 

•  115 
292 

229 
46,  326 


455 

146 
70 


•  199 

65,  383*  442 

•  340 

•  530 
.   46 

•  511 


Porter,  Rev.  C.  A., 
Potter,  Rev.  J.  L., 

Rainsford,  Rev.  W.  S., 
Reutlinger,  Mrs.  L.,   . 
Richards,  Rev.  G.  L.* 
Roberts,  Rev.  John, 
Rodgers,  Rev.  Jas.  B. , 
Ross,  John, 

Satterfield,  Rev.  D.  J., 
Schaub,  T.  L., 
Schuette,  Rev.  Ernst, 
Seward,  Rev.  P.  D., 
Sexton,  Rev.  Thomas,  L., 
Shepherd,  Rev.  Charles  M 
Shepherd,  Charles, 
Shepp,  Rev.  W.  H.,     . 
Shields,,  Rev.  C.  R., 
Shields,  Rev.  J.  M., 
Smith,  Frederick, 
Smith,  Rev.  George  G., 
Snyder,  Rev.  J.  G.,     . 
Steams, 

Taylor,  Rev.  M.  T.  S., 
Thomas,  Miss  Alice  J., 
Thomas,  Rev.  W.  D., 
Thompson,  Rev.  James, 
Toy,  Walter  B.  M.  D., 
Tucker,  Rev.  H.  A., 

Underwood,  Mrs.  H.  G., 
Uppal,  Rev.  P.  C,      . 

Vincent,  Rev.  W.  R., 

Wallace,  Rev.  William, 
Wanamaker,  John, 
Ward.  Rev,  J.  J., 
Wame.  Rev.  W.  W., 
Webster,  Rev.  F.  G.,  . 
Weston,  Rev.  John, 
White,  Rev.  P.  C,      . 
Williams,  Rev.  R.  L., 
Willson,  Rev.  Davis,   . 
Wilson,  Rev.  J.  M., 
Wilson,  Annie  E., 
Wilson,  Rev.  S.  G.,     . 
Wishard,  Rev.  S.  E.,  . 
Wood,  Rev.  F.  M., 


PAGE 

161 

42,    231 

63 

449 

485 

529 

50 

52,331.509.5" 

61,  330.  434,  507,  516 

160 

530 
516 

343 
341 
171 

437 
244 
542 

543 
52 

59,  339.  508 

58 

230 

56 

144 

504 
62 

135 
264 

52 

339 
340 

247 

344 
162 

238 

245 

452 

306,  319,  480 

53,  246,  435 

.     437 


ILLUSTRATIONS. 


PAOB 


Ain  Kunyeh,  Syria, 290 

Albert  Lea  College, 447 

Ancient  Lystra, 541 

Boulder  Canon, 107 

Boys  of  Colombia, 417 

Carpentry  in  Biddle  University,  .        .        .  195 

Cit^  of  Hamath,  Syria,      ....  40 

Children's  Picture, 350 

Chinese  Character,  ** Shin,"        .        .        .  391 

Chinese  Women  Washing,                           .  539 

Daniel  and  His  Friends,      ....  171 

Fire  Worshippers'  Cemetery,      .        .  19 
Freight  Boat  on  Magdalen  River,               .411 

Garfield  Beach,  Utan,          ....  105 

Harvesting  on  Mt.  Lebanon,       •        •        •  39 
Image  of  Buddha  outside  the  Wall,  Seoul, 

Korea, 325 

Indians  Carrying  Wood,      ....  415 

Indian  Women  Returning  from  Market,     .  416 

James  Gilmour,  of  Mognolia,     .        .        .  486 

Kanazawa  Girl's  School,  Japan,         .        .  222 


PAGB 

Kendall,  Rev.  Henry,  D.  D.,  .        .       13 

Koordish  Mountaineers,      .        .        .        .312 

Korea,  Map  of 136 

Korea,  Missionary  Residence  in  .     141 

Korean  Boys,       1        .        .         .        .     350, 535 

Korean  Carrier, 140 

Korean  Evangelists, 143 

Long's  Peak  from  JSstes  Park,  Colorado,  .  108 
Men  of  Colombia  on  Horseback,  .    414 

Mission  Church  at  Hums,  Syria,  .  .  39 
Mission  Church  at  Mahardeh,  Syria,  40 

Modem  Antioch, 451 

Mormon  Tabernacle  and  Temple,        .  5 

Mosul  and  the  Tigris,  .        .        .        .321 

Multnomah  Falls,  Columbia  River,  Oregon ,  1 1 1 
Orange,  N.  J.,  Church  Building,  34^,347.348,349 
Presbyterian  House,  New  York,  .  .  476 
Shoe-making  in  Biddle  University,  .  -197 
Syrian  Protestant  College ;  New  Assembly 

Hall, 497 

Tabriz,  Boy's  School,  .        .        "319 


THE   CHURCH 

AT  HOME  AND  ABROAD. 


JULY,    1892. 


ACROSS  THE  CONTINENT. 


Having  made  arrangementB  for  the  evo- 
lution of  our  June  and  July  numbers,  and 
having  commited  the  editorial  supervis- 
ion of  the  same  to  a  competent  coadjutor, 
I  crossed  the  Schuylkill  at  noon  of  Friday, 
May  6;  halted  at  the  junction  of  the  Al- 
legheny and  Monongahela  until  the  arrival 
of  a  train  which  left  Philadelphia  four 
and  a  half  hours  later ;  and  on  it  crossed 
the  Mississippi  before  8  p.  m.  of  Saturday, 
May  7. 

On  Sabbath,  May  8,  I  worshipped  with 
the  West  Presbyterian  Church,  a  young 
and  thrifty  organization,  whose  house  of 
worship  is  five  miles  west  of  the  edifice  on 
14th  street  lately  left  by  the  First  Presby- 
terian Church,  which  was  dedicated  in 
1855,  just  before  the  tragical  death  of  its 
pastor.  Dr.  Artemas  Bullard,  and  which, 
one  mile  west  of  the  Mississippi,  was 
then  the  westernmost  house  of  worship  in 
the  city.  That  congregation  now  occupies 
a  beautiful  and  commodious  edifice  about 
two  miles  further  west.  Thus  steadily 
westward  spreads  that  steadily  growing 
city,  its  youngest  Presbyterian  Church  be- 
ing fully  six  miles  west  of  the  river,  and 
close  upon  the  present  western  line  of  the 


city.  But  that  line  is  not  likely  to  remain 
unchanged  for  many  more  years.  Nor 
are  the  other  evangelical  denominations 
behind  our  own  in  vigorous  Church-exten- 
sion. 

On  Wednesday,  May  11,  a  train  of  cars, 
one  of  which  was  filled  with  ministers, 
elders  and  women  on  their  way  to  Port- 
land, left  St.  Louis,  westward  bound. 
About  seven  o'clock  the  next  morning, 
we  crossed  the  Missouri  into  Kansas  Citv, 
where  we  were  to  have  three  hours  to  see 
the  sights  of  that  sightly  city  beside  its 
name-sake,  separated  from  it  only  by  the 
invisible  state  line  between  Missouri  and 
Kansas.  Thus  what  is  naturally  one  city, 
already  great  and  rapidly  growing,  is 
municipally  two  because  it  lies  in  two 
states.  Let  the  two  vie  with  each  other 
in  the  strife  of  our  times  for  more  whole- 
some municipal  government,  and  let  the 
churches  provoke  each  other  to  wholesome 
emulation  in  city  evangelization. 

Dr.  Hays,  Dr.  Backus  and  others  were 
prepared  to  make  the  most  of  the  three 
hours  for  showing  us  the  city  and  what  is 
visible  from  its  heights,  but  a  pouring 
rain  made  it  more  practicable  and  appro 

3 


H 


On  the  Way — In  Salt  Lake  City, 


[July, 


priate  for  them  to  entertain  us  with  lively 
and  genial  conyereation  in  the  waiting- 
rooms  and  broad  porches  of  the  B.  E. 
Station. 

At  Kansas  City  two  General  Assembly 
cars  were  added  to  our  train.  Up  the 
Kaw  valley, whose  fertile  farms  were  green 
with  wheat,  which  Elders  of  our  company, 
experienced  farmers  of  Illinois  and  Mis- 
souri, pronounced  the  most  promising 
they  ever  saw  in  May,  on  through  the 
Capital  and  other  prosperous  towns  of 
Kansas,  and  over  its  less  fertile  and  uncul- 
tivated plains,  across  its  western  boundary 
into  Colorado,  the  next  morning  found 
breakfast  ready  for  us,  and  us  ready  for  it, 
at  Denver — from  the  Missouri  river  to 
this  city  of  the  mountains  in  twenty- two 
hours!  The  inmates  of  our  three  As- 
sembly cars  had  been  offered  the  privi- 
lege of  being  detached  from  the  train  and 
left  at  Denver  until  evening,  and  had 
voted  to  accept  it;  but  the  still  pouring 
rain  persuaded  us  in  one  car,  to  go  on 
with  the  train.  The  state  of  the  weather, 
the  air  full  all  the  time  either  of  mist  or 
of  falling  rain  deprived  us  of  wide  or  clear 
views  of  the  successive  landscapes,  and 
the  ascent  was  so  gradual  that  we  were 
scarcely  sensible  of  it  until,  on  Friday 
afternoon,  we  reached  the  Ames  monu- 
ment, at  the  highest  point  of  the  Rocky 
Mountains  on  this  route,  8,247  feet  above 
sea-level.  Descending  thence,  through 
southern  Wyoming  toward  Utah,  some 
snow  fell,  whitening  the  ground  where  we 
were,  and  clearer  weather  enabled  us  to  see 
something  of  snow-covered  ridges  and 
peaks  farther  away,  and  when  on  Satur- 
day morning,  we  awoke  in  Utah,  we  found 


clear  sky,  bracing  air,  and  scenery  chal- 
lenging alert  attention  to  its  ever- varying 
features.  At  noon  we  were  in  Salt  Lake 
City.    • 

I  was  one  of  a  party  of  seven — there 
were  several  other  parties — who  filled  a 
convenient  vehicle,  driven  by  its  owner, 
an  intelligent  and  obliging  Mormon,  all 
about  the  city,  through  most  of  its  streets, 
and  to  the  objects  of  greatest  interest  to 
visitors.  When  he  showed  us  the  houses 
of  Brigham  Young,  he  remarked,  "You 
must  recollect  that  Brigham  Young  had  a 
number  of  wives."  On  being  asked  what 
number,  he  replied  that  the  number  was 
sometimes  stated  as  nineteen,  but  in  fact 
he  was  married  "for  time  and  eternity 
to  seventeen,"  and  to  two  others  "for 
eternity  only."  His  children  were  fifty- 
seven. 

As  we  passed  two  elegant  dwellings  in 
beautiful  grounds  adjacent  to  each  other, 
he  informed  us  that  these  were  the  homes 
of  two  wives  of  one  man.  When  asked  his 
opinion  upon  the  question,  whether  two 
women  thus  married  to  one  husband  are 
likely  to  be  as  good  friends  and  neighbors 
as  if  each  had  her  husband  living  with  her 
alone,  he  replied  that  he  had  lived  in 
polygamous  and  in  monogamous  families, 
living  in  the  houses  of  his  employers  and 
with  good  opportunities  to  observe  their 
life,  and  he  did  honestly  think  that  do- 
mestic happiness  was  as  great  in  the  former 
as  in  the  latter.  He  stated  that  he  him- 
self had  but  one  wife.  He  also  stated 
that  polygamy  is  abandoned  "for  the  time 
being"  in  submission  to  the  law  of  the 
land  as  interpreted  by  the  Supreme  Court. 
When  reminded  of  his  own  phrase,   "for 


► 


1892.] 


Mormon  Tabernacle  and  Temple. 


the  time  being,"  and  asked  whether  it  was 
not  a  final  abandonment,  he  was  not  pre- 
pared, and  perhaps  felt  himself  incompet- 
ent to  answer. 

He  obtained  admission  for  ns  to  the 
Tabernacle  and  the  Temple.  In  the 
former  we  were  most  courteously  received 
by  an  ofticial  whose  title  I  did  not 
learo,  who  gave  ne  a  full  and  clear  expla- 
nation of  that  really  wonderful  structure 
in  which  8,000  people  can  be  comfortably 
seated.  He  illustrated  its  marvelous 
acoustic  properties  by  letting  us  hear  a 
whisper  and  the  sound  of  a  dropped  pin 
at  a  distance  of  about  300  feet.  We  also 
ascended  to  the  roof  of  the  Temple,  from 
which  we  had  a  grand  view  of  the  valley 
and  its  bordering  snow-capped  monutains, 
a  few  of  whose  peaks  retain  their  white- 
Dees  even  in  summer. 

The  streets  of  this  city,  130  feet  wide. 


the  limpid  streams  of  water  running  along 
their  gutters,  from  which  the  gardens  are 
irrigated,  electric  railroads  with  their 
posts  and  wires  in  the  middle  of  the 
streets,  with  ample  drives  on  both  sides, 
the  spacious  Equares,  each  including  ten 
acres,  are  features  of  this  remarkable  city 
which  deserve  the  careful  study  of  all 
builders  of  cities  and  residents  in  them.  I 
cannot  think  that  whatever  is  wrong  or 
evil  in  this  city  and  territory  will  be  more 
easily  remedied,  or  avoided  elsewhere,  by 
ignoring  what  is  good  and  desirable.  It 
looks  to  me  as  if  this  remarkable  people 
have  made  some  valuable  contributions  to 
sanitary  and  economic  science.  By  observ- 
ing, honoring  and  imitating  these,  we 
sbatl  not  make  them  less  willing  to  accept 
our  help  to  the  acquisition  of  any  moral 
and  religious  truths  which  they  need  us  to 
teach  them. 


6 


Address  of  Counsellor  Penrose. 


[July, 


A  SABBATH  AT  SALT  LAKE  CITT. 


Finding  the  First  Presbyterian  Church 
already  filled  to  over-flowing  before  the 
hour  appointed  for  public  service,  I  went 
with  the  overflow  into  the  Collegiate  In- 
stitute whose  buildings  are  adjacent.  Its 
convenient  suite  of  rooms  thrown  open  in- 
to one  another  was  soon  filled,  and  we 
listened  to  an  excellent  discourse  from 
Rev.  Mr.  Pfanstiehl  of  Denver  and  united 
in  services  of  song  and  prayer  in  which  we 
realized  the  communion  of  saints. 

At  two  P.  M.,  I  went  to  the  Mormon 
Tabernacle  and  was  one  of  the  audience 
filling  nearly  all  of  its  eight  thousand 
seats.  I  sat  in  the  gallery,  at  the  oppo- 
site end  from  the  great  organ,  before  which 
sat  a  choir  of  five  hundred  singers,  men 
and  women.  In  front  of  these  were  the 
seats  of  the  high  officials,  including  Presi- 
dent Woodruff.     The  opening  hymn  was: 

How  firm  a  foundation ,  ye  sainte  of  the  Lord, 
Is  laid  for  your  faith  in  his  excellent  word  t 

It  was  grandly  sung  by  the  great  con- 
gregation led  by  the  great  choir.  The 
choir  aftet'wards  sang  admirably  the 
Hallelujah  chorus  of  the  oratorio  of  Mes- 
siah. The  prayer  in  which  we  were  led 
by  one  of  the  bishops,  was  one  in  which 
we  could  heartily  unite,  and  which  was 
biblical  in  language  and  sentiment,  in  its 
ascriptions  and  its  petitions. 

The  discourse  of  Counsellor  Penrose 
was  a  remarkable  one.  Uis  excellent  elo- 
cution, with  the  remarkable  acoustic  prop- 
erties of  the  building,  enabled  me  to  hear 
with  extraordinary  distinctness,  every  syl- 
lable that  he  uttered,  although,  with  few 
exceptions,  any  one  of  the  churches  in 
which  I  have  ever  preached  or  listened  to 
preatihing,  might  have  been  set  bodily  be- 
tween the  spoaker  and  me,  leaving  com- 
fortably seated  outside  of  its  walls  three  or 
four  times  as  many  people  as  could  be 
seated  within  it.     Mr.  Penrose  said : 

I  have  been  requested  to  speak  to  the  eon- 


gregatiou  this  afternoon,  and  I  rise  to  do  so 
with  pleasure,  and  also  with  some  timidity. 
This  is  generally  felt  by  our  brethren,  when 
called  upon  to  speak  in  this  large  meeting- 
house, from  the  fact  that  it  is  not  our  custom 
to  prepare  discourses  for  the  occasion.  So, 
like  my  brethren  who  are  called  upon  from 
time  to  time  to  occupy  this  stand,  I  have  to 
rely  upon  the  faith  and  sympathy  of  this 
congregation,  and  upon  the  Holy  Spirit, 
which  I  pray  and  desire  may  rest  down  upon 
me  and  upon  all  who  are  present,  that  our 
minds  may  be  mutually  enlightened,  that  we 
may  be  able  to  understand  that  which  is 
brought  before  our  attention. 

We  have  this  afternoon,  as  is  our  custom 
on  the  Lord's  Day,  to  partake  of  the  Holy 
Sacrament,  to  worship  before  the  Ix)rd,  to 
sing  His  praises,  and  to  be  Instructed — to 
have  our  minds  drawn  away  from  the  common 
things  of  life  and  directed  towards  the  objects 
of  our  salvation,  toward  God  and  His  Son 
Christ,  and  to  those  things  which  have  been 
revealed  to  us  for  our  edification  and  obedi- 
ence. 

The  Latter-day  Saints  are  a  body  of 
worshipers  who  believe  in  God.  They  believe 
in  the  God  of  the  Bible.  They  believe  in  Jesus 
Christ.  They  believe  that  Jesus  of  Nazareth 
was  the  Son  of  God.  They  also  believe  that 
all  men  and  women  who  dwell  on  the  earth 
are  the  sons  and  daughters  of  God ;  but  in  a 
special  sense  they  believe  in  Jesus  Christ  as 
the  Son  of  God — His  only  begotten  Son 
according  to  the  flesh.  They  believe  also 
that  by  obedience  to  the  commandments 
which  God  gives  through  Jesus  Christ  all 
mankind  may  be  saved,  and  that  without 
obedience  to  those  things  they  cannot  be 
saved  and  exalted  in  the  presence  of  the 
Father.  The  Latter-day  Saints  believe 
that  in  these  days,  in  the  nineteenth  centary, 
God  has  manifested  Himself  again  as  He  did 
in  times  of  old;  that  Jesus  who  died  on  Cal- 
vary has  revealed  Himself,  and  that  He  has 
reestablished  His  Church  in  the  same  form 
and  after  the  same  pattern  in  which  He  estab- 
lished it  when  he  dwelt  on  earth  in  the  flesh. 
They  believe  that  there  is  but  one  Gospel  of 


1892.] 


Artides  of  Mormon  Faith, 


Jesus  Christ,  one  trae  religion,  and  that  if 
people  desire  to  obtain  the  blessings  of  God 
in  this  life,  and  to  dwell  in  His  presence,  to 
enjoy  the  fulness  of  His  glory  in  the  next 
life,  they  must  be  obedient  to  that  Gospel. 
At  the  same  time,  they  accord  to  all  persons, 
everywhere,  the  right  to  worship  God  accord- 
ing to  the  dictates  of  their  consciences,  to  wor- 
ship as  seems  right  in  their  eyes ;  to  believe  that 
which  commends  itself  to  their  judgment; 
to  form  religious  societies,  to  publish  their 
opinions,  to  preach  what  they  think  is  right, 
to  build  up  their  societies  according  to  their 
best  judgment  for  the  good  of  mankind,  to 
be  perfectly  free,  so  far  as  conscience,  is  con- 
cerned, and  in  the  spreading  forth  of  princi- 
ples which  they  may  believe  to  be  right,  no 
matter  how  erroneous  they  may  seem  to  us, 
and  to  do  all  things  that  are  deemed  to  be 
religious,  so  long  as  they  do  not  infringe 
upon  the  rights  of  others. 

After  these  and  some  farther  introduc- 
tory remarks,  he  read  the  articles  of  faith, 
as  follows: 

ARTICLES  OF  FAITH 

of  the  Church  of  Jesus  Christ  of  Latter-day 
Saints : 

1.  We  believe  in  God  the  Eternal  Father, 
and  in  His  Son,  Jesus  Christ,  and  in  the  Holy 
Ghost. 

2.  We  believe  that  men  will  be  punished 
for  their  own  sins,  and  not  for  Adam^s  trans- 
gression. 

2.  We  believe  that  through  the  atonement 
of  Christ  all  mankind  may  be  saved,  by  obedi- 
ence to  the  laws  and  ordinances  of  the  Gospel. 

4.  We  believe  that  these  ordinances  are: 
First,  Faith  in  theljord  Jesus  Christ;  second, 
Repentance,  third,  Baptism  by  immersion 
for  the  remission  of  sins;  fourth,  Layiugon  of 
Hands  for  the  Gift  of  the  Holy  Ghost. 

5.  We  believe  that  a  man  must  be  called  of 
God,  by  **  prophecy,  and  by  the  laying  on 
of  hands.  ^^  by  those  who  are  in  authority,  to 
preach  the  Gospel  and  administer  the  ordi- 
nances thereof. 

6.  We  believe  in  the  same  organization 
that  existed  in  the  primitive  Church,  namely 
Apostles,  Prophets,'  Pastors,  Teachers.  Evan- 
gelists, etc. 


7.  We  believe  in  the  gift  of  tongues, 
prophecy,  revelation,  vision,  healing,  inter- 
pretation of  tongues,  etc. 

8.  We  believe  the  Bible  to  be  the  word  of 
God,  as  far  as  it  is  translated  correctly ;  we 
also  believe  the  Book  of  Mormon  to  be  the 
word  of  God. 

9.  We  believe  all  that  God  has  revealed, 
all  that  He  does  now  reveal,  and  we  believe 
that  He  will  yet  reveal  many  great  and  im- 
portant things  pertaining  to  the  Kingdom  of 
God. 

10.  We  believe  in  the  literal  gathering  of 
Israel  and  in  the  restoration  of  the  Ten  Tribes. 
That  Zion  will  be  built  upon  this  continent. 
That  Christ  will  reign  personally  upon  the 
earth,  and  that  the  earth  will  be  renewed 
and  receive  its  paradisaical  glory. 

11.  We  claim  the  privilege  of  worshiping 
Almighty  God  according  to  the  dictates  of 
our  conscience,  and  allow  all  men  the  same 
privilege,  let  them  worship  how,  where  or 
what  they  may. 

12.  We  believe  in  being  subject  to  kings, 
presidents,  rulers  and  magistrates,  in  obeying 
honoring  and  sustaining  the  law. 

18.  We  believe  in  being  honest,  true, 
chaste,  benevolent,  virtuous,  and  in  doing 
good  to  all  men;  indeed  we  may  say  we 
follow  the  admonition  of  Paul,  *'We  believe 
all  things,  we  hope  all  things,^'  we  have  en- 
dured many  things,  and  hope  to  be  able  to 
endure  all  things.  If  there  is  anything  vir- 
tuous, lovely,  or  of  good  report  or  praise- 
worthy we  seek  after  these  things. — Joseph 
8mith, 


The  whole  discourse  was  subeequently 
printed  in  the  Veseret  Evening  News,  of 
which  Mr.  Penrose  is  the  Editor.  It  is  far 
too  long  to  be  copied  in  full  into  our  pages, 
but  much  of  it  would  not  be  objected  to  by 
orthodox  Presbvterians ;  much  more  would 
be  acceptable  to  many  evangelical  Christ- 
ians not  Calvinistic  in  their  theology; 
but  there  is  a  good  deal  besides  which  rests 
wholly  upon  the  alleged  divine  revelations 
to  Joseph  Smith,  his  successors  and  their 
followers.     He  says : 


8 


OnmseUor  Penrase^a  Testimony, 


[JtUyy 


I  bear  testimony  to  you  that  I  know  this 
Church  is  the  Church  of  Jesus  Christ;  that 
it  has  been  built  up  by  the  power  of  God ; 
that  God  Almighty  has  revealed  it;  that 
Jesus  Christ,  His  Son,  has  manifested  Him- 
self, and  that  this  Church  is  His  Church, 
because  He  has  built  it  up,  and  He  guides 
and  directs  and  controls  it,  through  His 
servants  who  stand  at  the  head  of  the  Church. 
They  are  but  men.  We  do  not  worship 
any  man.  -We  do  not  worship  Joseph  Smith, 
as  some  people  imagine;  but  we  look  upon 
him  as  a  very  great  Prophet,  and  we  have 
reason  for  this.  We  believe  that  God  the 
Father  and  Jesus  Christ  His  Son  appeared  to 
him,  and  opened  to  him  this  last  dispensa- 
tion— *^the  dispensation  of  the  fullness  of 
times."  We  believe  that  Peter,  James  and 
John  came  down  and  ordained  him  an  Apos- 
tle of  the  Lord  Jesus  Christ,  conferring  upon 
him  all  the  keys,  authority  and  power  which 
they  held  while  they  were  in  the  flesh.  We  be- 
lieve that  that  same  authority  and  Priesthood 
are  in  the  Church  to-day.  We  believe  that 
the  man  who  stands  at  the  head  speaks  for 
the  Lord  to  the  people.  At  the  same  time 
we  believe  in  the  right  of  every  member  of 
the  Church  to  have  the  Holy  (rhost  and  the 
light  of  God  for  himself  or  herself,  that  we 
may  see  eye  to  eye. 


Mr.  Penrose's  "testimony"  that  he 
^^kiiows^^  is  not  sufficient  to  make  us 
know  nor  to  justify  us  in  believing  so  much 
as  here  rests  on  his  mere  assertion.  No 
Christian  is  asked  to  believe  that  Paul  or 
Isaiah  or  Moses  was  inspired,  on  any 
man's  assertion  that  he  knows  it  to 
be  so.  We  must  have  some  other  evi- 
dence than  his  own  assertion  that  Mr. 
Penrose  knows  what  he  affirms  before  we 
can  regard  it  as  **  testimony."  In  this 
'discourse,  so  excellent  in  its  presentation 
of  much  important  truth  long  ago  estab- 
lished by  valid  evidence  and  accepted  by 
all  Christians,  we  find  nothing  but  his 
simple  and  peremptory  assertion  to  support 
all  that  is  peculiar  to  the  "  latter-day 
saints." 

Mr.  Penrose's  statement  concerning  the 
rightful  powers  of  civil  government  and  its 
relations  to  religious  liberty  is  as  follows : 

We  believe  that  governments  have  a  right 
to  punish  crime,  we  believe  that  they  have 
aright  to  say  what  is  crime.     We  also  be- 


lieve in  the  rights  of  citizens  to  contest  be- 
fore the  courts  of  this  country  every  point  of 
difference  that  they  may  have  with  the  law- 
making power.  But  we  believe  that  govern- 
ments, societies  and  institutions  should  not 
try  to  interfere  with  religious  freedom.  We 
believe  in  religious  liberty  in  the  fullest  sense 
of  the  word ;  not  in  license,  not  in  breaking 
the  law  of  our  country,  not  in  doing  that 
which  is  essentially  evil ;  but  only  in  doing 
that  which  is  good. 


This  admission  that  the  civil  power  to 
which  the  people  of  Utah  are  now  subject 
has  a  right  to  say  what  is  crime,  is  very 
satisfactory.  That  power  is  not  likely, 
voluntarily,  to  remit  its  responsibility  in 
favor  of  a  new  civil  power,  to  be  called  the 
State  of  Utah,  while  the  constituency  of 
that  proposed  State  affirms  the  innocence 
of  what  all  the  existing  States  in  this 
Union,  as  well  as  all  other  States  in  Christ- 
iandom,  define  and  punish  as  crime.  Oar 
Government  and  our  nation  demand  no 
more  than  obedience  to  its  laws  and 
courts,  which  the  Mormon  President  now 
declares  that  he  teaches  his  people.  Our 
Church  and  her  sister  churches  ask  no 
more  than  unrestricted  opportunity,  such 
as  Mr.  Penrose  declares  that  his  people 
willingly  accord,  to  preach  the  Gospel  in 
kindness  and  love,  leaving  the  disciples  of 
Joseph  Smith  and  of  Brigham  Young  full 
liberty  to  convince  as  many  as  they  can, 
by  open  presentation  of  evidence  and  argu- 
ment, that  those  men  or  any  of  their  suc- 
cessors are  prophets  of  God,  of  equal 
authority  with  Paul  and  John  and  Moses. 

Meanwhile,  let  not  our  fellow-citizens 
who  name  themselves  "latter-day  saints," 
ask  of  us  any  acknowledgment  of  the  Book 
of  Mormon  as  of  equal  authority  with  the 
Bible  until  we  see  evidence  of  it,  such  as 
that  on  which  we  thus  accept  and  revere 
the  Bible.  That  is  no  question  of  courtesy 
or  of  liberty.  It  is  a  question  of  loyalty 
to  truth,  Counsellor  Penrose  and  Presi- 
dent Eliot  to  the  contrary  notwithstand- 
ing. 

H.  A.  N. 


1892.] 


Dr.  NeUon^a  Address. 


9 


ADDRESS  TO   THE   GENERAL   ASSEMBLY. 


After  Dr.  Mcintosh  had  read  the  re- 
port of  the  Committee  on  the  Church  at 
Home  and  Abroad,  which  was  printed 
in  our  last  number,  the  Editor,  Dr.  Nel- 
son, being  called  upon  to  address  the  As- 
sembly, spoke  as  follows : 

Moderator  and  Brethren : — The  Church  at 
Home  and  Abroad  pays  its  respects  to  this 
General  Assembly  at  the  end  of  its  eleventh 
volume,  in  the  middle  of  its  sixth  year.  The 
Committee  which  the  General  Assembly  of 
1886  ordered  to  initiate  this  magazine  and 
which  each  succeeding  General  Assembly  has 
ordered  to  continue  it,  has  now  rendered  its 
sixth  annual  report,  and  dutifully  awaits  your 
further  instructions. 

The  permanent  movement  of  bodies  terres- 
trial, as  well  as  of  the  celestial  bodies,  is 
usually  a  resultant  of  forces  impelling  in  dif- 
,  ferent,  if  not  opposite,  directions.  The  earth 
we  live  upon — so  valid  science  assures  us — 
holds  its  steady  course  along  its  orbit  at  safe 
and  happy  distance  from  the  sun,  basking  in 
his  vivifying  and  fructifying  beams,  moved 
by  two  forces,  of  which  one,  acting  alone, 
would  hurl  it  into  the  central  consuming  fire ; 
the  other  acting  alone  would  bear  it  away  to 
returnless  distance  into  the  blackness  of  dark- 
ness. 

Whether  the  creative  energy  which  origi- 
nates planets  is  the  combination  of  two 
antagonistic  forces,  I  am  not  aware  that 
science  has  ascertained.  But  for  half  a  decade 
I  have  had  constant  evidence  that  the  Church 
AT  Home  and  Abroad  was  struck  into  being  by 
the  impact  of  opposing  forces,  even  the  oppo- 
site convictions  of  earnest,  conscientious  men. 
And,  Moderator  and  Brethren,  have  you  ever 
seen  or  handled  any  sterner  stuff  than  consci- 
entious conviction  wrought  by  Presbyterian 
education  in  Calvinistic  theology  ? 


Happily  no  conviction  is  more  firmly  fixed 
in  minds  thus  educated  than  that  of  the  obli- 
gation to  be  obedient  to  all  divinely  consti- 
tuted authority.  The  men  who  will  go  with 
firmest  step  to  the  stake  or  the  scaffold  in  the 
purpose  to  *  ^  obey  God  rather  than  men  ^'  are 
of  all  men  most  obedient  to  all  human  powers 
which  they  recognize  as  ^^  ordained  of  God,^* 
within  the  true  limits  of  their  authority. 

Every  one  of  the  eleven  volumes  of  the 
Church  at  Home  and  Abroad,  every  one  of 
its  sixty-six  monthly  numbers  has  been  the 
product  of  forces  generated  in  the  brains  of  a 
score  of  men  all  anxious  to  apply  these 
sound  Christian  principles  to  the  work 
which  the  Supreme  Ecclesiastical  authority 
to  which  they  owe  obedience  has  committed 
to  them. 

In  this  sincere  endeavor  these  men,  as  was 
to  be  expected,  have  sometimes  found  that 
there  were  different  views  in  their  minds, 
urging  to  diverse,  if  not  opposite,  courses  of 
practical  administration.  The  problem  of 
adjusting,  modifying,  harmonizing  these  in- 
tellectual and  moral  forces  so  as  to  result  in 
safe,  happy,  beneficent  movement,  has  some- 
times caused  anxious  thought  and  solemn 
debate.  We  have  had  need  of  patience.  We 
have  had  need  of  mutual  charity.  God  has 
granted  us  them. 

PACING  the  future. 

The  report  to  which  you  have  just  now 
listened  has  shown  you  that  the  Church  at 
Home  and  Abroad  is  now  ready  to  *'  forget 
the  things  that  are  behind  and  to  reach  forth 
unto  those  which  are  before.^' 

Thus  dismissing  the  past,  but  treasuring 
and  utilizing  all  its  experience,  and  hopefully 
facing  the  future,  what  may  we  expect  f 

Trusting  you  to  correct,  for  yourselves,  any 


10 


Dr.  NeUon^s  Address. 


[My, 


illusions  which  yon  may  see  to  result  from 
my  particular  position  and  angle  of  vision,  I 
will  frankly  tell  you  what  I  seem  to  see  in  a 
future  not  very  far  off,  and  yet  far  enough  to 
forbid  any  expectation  on  my  part  of  being 
here  to  share  the  responsibility  and  labor, 
although  I  humbly  hope  to  know  and  to  share 
the  joy. 

Aj9  this  beloved  church  shall  pass  into  the 
twentieth  century,  I  seem  to  see  in  some  two 
hundred  thousands  of  her  people's  homes,  be- 
sides all  the  more  frequently  arriving  jour- 
nals provided  by  her  enterprising  and  loyal 
sons  and  daughters,  one  monthly  magazine 
chiefly  concerned  with  faithfully  mirroring 
and  vigorously  promoting  her  vast  and 
various  work,  as  she  has  considerately  appor- 
tioned its  several  departments  and  fields,  and 
as  it  is  loyally  carried  on  by  those  to  whom 
she  has  entrusted  its  practical  management. 
I  see  the  million  readers  in  those  homes 
studying  in  its  pages,  the  facts  and  figures 
and  clear  statements  which  illustrate  the 
condition  of  each  field,  and  the  opportunities, 
resources  and  capabilities  of  each  agency  by 
which  the  church  seeks  to  do  her  work,  and 
also  vivid  descriptions,  stirring  narra- 
tions, cogent  arguments  and  persuasive  ap- 
peals of  secretaries,  of  missionaries  and  of 
other  instructive  writers.  Pastors,  elders, 
laymen  and  women  will  confer  with  one 
another  in  its  pages  on  questions  relating  to 
missions,  to  education,  to  all  practical  Christ- 
ian work. 

The  habitual  reading  of  those  pages  will 
steadily  and  consistently  educate  the  young 
into  intelligent  interest  in  all  branches  and 
departments  of  our  churches  work  at  home 
and  abroad,  and  will  steadily  win  increasing 
numbers  of  mature  minds  to  the  support  of 
that  work. 

WHERE  ARE  WE? 

At  what  a  point  of  advantage  do  we  here 


stand  to  survey  the  work  of  our  church  I  Do 
we  easily  realize  how  far  we  are  within  that 
vast  and  mysterious  solitude  of  which  one  of 
our  country's  poets  sang,  **  Where  rolls  the 
Oregon  and  hears  no  sound  save  his  own 
dashing  ?  " — where  now  the  Oregon,  sur- 
named  Columbia,  rolls  through  fertile  farms 
and  prosperous  cities,  and  hears  the  sound 
of  his  own  dashing  mingle  with  the  scream 
of  the  locomotive  and  the  rumble  of  heavily- 
laden  wheels  reverberating  among  the  crags 
and  cliffs  that  border  his  shores? 

Five  years  ago  there  was  printed  in  The 
Church  at  Home  and  Abroad  what  thenseemed 
a  remarkable  record,  that  the  General  Assem- 
bly of  that  year  met  in  Omaha,  far  be- 
yond the  western  boundary  of  the  land  over 
which  Washington  had  presidential  author- 
ity. With  what  seemed  western  audacity,  it 
was  added,  that  perhaps  some  in  that  Assem- 
bly might  live  to  be  members  of  a  Greneral 
Assembly  meeting  in  San  Francisco  or  in 
Portland. 

How  almost  common-place  a  reality  is,  thia 
so  speedy  fulfillment  of  that  daring  predic- 
tion  I  So  swiftly  runs  the  current  of  history 
in  the  century  now  hastening  to  its  close. 

In  the  City  of  St.  Louis,  in  one  of  its  beau- 
tiful parks,  stands  a  statue  of  the  famous 
statesman  who  represented  Missouri  in  the 
United  States  Senate,  for  thirty  years  of  her 
early  history.  The  strong  face  gazes  west- 
ward, and  the  lips  seem  almost  to  pronounce 
the  memorable  words  inscribed  on  the  pedes- 
tal: ^* There  is  the  East — There  is  India" 
— words  that  had  been  spoken  by  the  living 
lips  of  that  senatorial  orator  when,  with  states- 
manlike foresight,  he  affirmed  the  practica- 
bility and  the  necessity  of  a  national  high- 
way over  the  Rocky  Mountains  to  the  Pacific 
Coast. 

When  his  vivid  and  masterly  speech  had 
led  the  genius  of  the  Republic  to  the  summit 


1892.] 


Dr.  Ndson's  Address, 


11 


of  that  mighty  mountain  barrier,  he  made 
her  behold  the  predestined  limit  of  her  do- 
main where  the  west  and  the  east  meet  to- 
gether. Is  it  likely  that  even  Benton 
could  then  have,  believed  what  we  now 
behold? 

A   REMINISCENCE. 

In  the  autumn  of  1856,  I  sat  in  the  great 
hall  of  the  Mercantile  Library  of  St.  Louis, 
and  heard  Senator  Benton  earnestly  advocate 
the  election  of  James  Buchanan  to  the  presi- 
dency, which  was,  in  fact,  accomplished  by 
the  people  on  the  next  day.  That  was  a  sin- 
cere and  solemn  speech.  In  burning  words 
which  he  quoted  and  adopted  from  Henry 
Clay,  to  whose  eloquence  he  paid  ungrudging 
tribute,  Mr.  Benton  denounced  all  attempts 
and  proposals  to  extend  slavery  into  territory 
then  free,  and  with  equal  energy  he  remon- 
strated against  endangering  the  national 
Union  by  national  interference  with  slavery 
in  states  where  it  already  existed.  He  felici- 
tated himself  upon  the  part  which  he  had 
had  in  securing  in  the  Constitution  of  Mis- 
souri *^so  stringent  a  provision  against  legis- 
lative interference  with  slavery,  that  it  was 
forever  impossible  that  slavery  should  be  a 
subject  of  political  agitation  in  that  state. *^ 

A  few  months  afterwards,  I  looked  upon 
the  dead  body  of  Mr.  Benton,  lying  in  state 
in  the  same  hall  in  which  I  had  heard  that 
memorable  speech.  He  was  spared  the  an- 
guish of  seeing  his  beloved  State  the  bloody 
battle-ground  of  *^  states  dissevered,  discor- 
dant, belligerent."  He  was  not  spared  to 
the  people  of  Missouri  to  be  their  leader  in 
decreeing  that  their  fertile  acres  should  not 
be  ^^  trampled  into  barrenness  under  the  feet 
of  slaves."  That  leadership  was  reserved  for 
his  disciples  in  statesmanship,  to  whom  the 
logic  of  events  disclosed  the  logical  results  of 
their  great  master^s  principles. 

In  less  than  nine  years  from  the  evening  in 


which  I  heard  him  thus  affirm  the  permanent 
security  of  that  state  against  that  perilous 
agitation,  when  the  harsh  thunders  of  that 
storm  of  civil  war  had  not  yet  ceased,  I  sat 
under  that  same  roof,  and  heard  the  roll-call 
of  the  convention  elected  by  the  people  of 
Missouri  adopting  the  ordinance  of  immediate 
and  unconditional  emancipation  by  a  vote 
of  sixty  yeas  to  four  nays.     The  bloody,  nec- 
essary, dreadful,  glorious  work  of  that  awful 
decade  made  possible  the  steady  and  swift 
advance  of  the  united  nation  to  the  fulfill- 
ment   of    Mr.  Benton's    prophetic    speech. 
Over     that     marvelous     high- way,   in    the 
building    of    which    the    great     mountains 
have    become    a    plain  before    the  Zerub- 
babel  of  modern  science,   the  Presbyterian 
Church  in  the  United  States  of  America  has 
come  to  hold  her  annual  General  Assembly. 
As  she  stands  here  facing  the  west,   does  she 
not    hear  the   voice  of  her    Lord,   saying, 
**  There  is  the  east;  there  is  China  ?  "    Nay, 
rather,   here  is  China.     The  ea&t  and  the 
west  here  have  not  only  met  but  mingled. 
The  church  is  here  both  at  home  and  abroad. 
In  the  last  two  numbers  of  your  magazine 
you  have  read  a  graphic  description  of  Ore- 
gon and  a  thrilling  history  of  the  Presbyte- 
rian Church  in  Oregon.    Where  else  have  you 
read  a  more  striking  exposition  or  illustra- 
tion of  our  work  of  home  missions  ?    But  did 
you  notice  that  it  was  written  by  a  foreign 
missionary  ? — not  a  foreign  missionary  rest- 
ing from  the  fatigue  of  toil  beyond  the  seas 
and  recruiting  his  energies  for  another  cam- 
paign,  but  a  foreign  missionary  living  in 
Portland  and  evangelizing  its  Chinese  resi- 
dents,  some  of  whose  places  of  labor  and 
whose  chapel  of  Christian  worship  I  passed 
in  my  first  morning  walk  in  this  city.     It  is 
another  and  a  most  impressive  illustration  of 
that    eloquent    affirmation   of  Dr.  Timothy 
Hill,    that  prince  of  home  mission  work : — 


12 


Dr,  Nelson's  Address — A  Generous  Tribute. 


[J^Vj 


^*  Home  missions  and  foreign  missions  are  so 
blended  that  no  man  can  tell  where  one  ends 
and  the  other  begins.  And  no  man  can  have 
the  tme  spirit  of  Christ  without  being  heart- 
ily interested  in  both." 

Not  foreign  missions,  not  home  missions, 
bat  Christian  missions  at  home  and  abroad 
are  the  mission  of  the  Christian  church,  whose 
perpetual  prayer  is,  ^  *  God  be  merciful  unto  us, 
and  bless  us,  that  thy  way  may  be  known 
upon  earth,  thy  saving  health  among  all 
nations." 

Beloved  brethren,  have  you  looked  forward 
to  this  Assembly  with  some  grave  apprehen- 
sions ?  Did  solemn  questions  difficult  of  solu- 
tion seem  to  loom  up  before  you  like  huge 
and  rugged  mountains  ?  Did  you  seem  to 
hear  rumbling  sounds  issuing  from  their 
depths  ominous  of  volcanic  upheaval  and 
wide-spreading  desolation  ? 

As  we  sit  here  together  in  reverent  wor- 
ship, in  loving  fellowship  and  in  brotherly 
consultation  for  our  Lord's  work  in  our  land 
and  throughout  the  world,  behold  how  those 
mountains  flow  down  at  the  presence  of  the 
Lord  I  We  see  them  slowly,  steadily  settling 
to  a  wide,  beautiful,  arable  plain,  fertile  for 
grains  and  vines  and  olives  fat  with  the  oil 
of  gladness. 

Not  a  dead  level  is  this  plain,  but  diversified 
with  little  hills  of  differing  opinion  that  seem 
to  skip  like  lambs  over  the  fields  of  human 
thought.  They  cannot  prevent  us  from 
lifting  up  our  eyes  together  to  gaze  upon 
the  excellency  of  Carmel,  the  sweet  beauty 
of  Tabor  and  the  snowy  grandeur  of 
Hermon. 

Feel  you  not,  my  brethren  even  now,  fall- 
ing upon  your  anxious  spirits,  the  sweet,  cool 
dew  of  Hermon  that  descends  upon  the  moun- 
tains of  Zion  ?  For  verily  here,  even  here, 
^*  the  Lord  commandeth  his  blessing,  even 
life  forevermore." 


A  Just  ai^d  CfENEROus  Tribute: — At 
the  popular  meeting  in  behalf  of  Home 
Missions,  at  Portland,  on  Tuesday  evening, 
May  24,  Rev.  Charles  F.  Goss,  in  a  bril- 
liant and  earnest  speech;  spoke  words  of 
affectionate  gratitude  concerning  Dr.  Ken- 
dall, to  which  the  vast  audience  responded 
with  rapturous  applause.  Sure  of  a  like 
response  from  the  hearts  of  tens  of  thou- 
sands of  readers,  we  at  once  resolved  to 
print  that  young  minister's  fervent  words 
with  the  reprint  of  the  likeness  of  Dr. 
Kendall  which  we  gave  to  our  readers  two 
or  three  years  ago.     Mr.  Goss  said : 

I  have  had  the  pleasure  of  seeing  two 
churches  built  in  this  new  region  [the  north- 
eastern part  of  Washington]  and  am  dream- 
ing of  the  erection  of  a  third.  It  has  a  name 
before  it  has  become  a  reality. 

There  is  a  natural  instinct  in  the  mind  to 
give  its  ideas,  its  aspirations,  or  the  names 
of  its  heroes  a  visible  form.  We  wish  to  em- 
body them  in  some  permanent  material, 
something  that  will  out-last  the  breath  in 
which  we  utter  them.  It  is  this  that  leads 
the  lover  to  carve  the  name  of  his  sweet-heart 
on  the  bark  of  venerable  oaks  in  the  silent 
forest.  This  is  the  source  of  sculpture,  of 
painting  and  of  architecture. 

There  is  a  name  which  I  have  uttered  often 
with  my  lips,  which  I  have  oftener  venerated 
in  my  heart,  and  which  I  long  to  see  embod- 
ied in  the  lasting  materials  of  a  tasteful 
Chapel  on  the  remote  frontier.  I  would  write 
this  name  in  simple,  but  holy  architecture,  on 
a  beautiful  bluff  of  the  Columbia  valley  near 
the  boundary  line  between  our  beloved  coun- 
try and  the  British  possessions,  where  the 
little  town  of  Rossburgh  is  springing  up. 

It  is  a  name  that  has  been  breathed  in 
benedictions  by  the  hearthstones  of  thou- 
sands of  self-denying  missionaries,  many  of 
them  in  remote  and  solitary  regions.  Do  you 
ask  me  what  it  is  ?  It  is  the  name  of  the  lion- 
hearted,  the  tender-hearted,  the  loving- 
hearted  Henry  Kendall.  I  cannot  speak  it 
here  or  anywhere,  without  the  profouudest 


1892.] 


A  Generous  Tribvie. 


emotion,  for  it  stands  for  the  broadest  phi- 
lanthropy, the  purest  Christianity,  and  the 
deepest  consecration.  I  have  sometimes  heard 
men  remark  that  there  was  not  mnch  self- 
denial  in  the  lives  of  those  who  live  amidst 
the  luxuries  of  a  great  city,  and  draw  a 
large  salary  to  superintend  the  labors  of 
those,  who  upon  the  frontier,  were  bearing 
all  the  hard^ips.  Bat,  I  have  often  thought 
that  the  sufferings  of  this  man's  loving  heart, 
were  a  thousand  times  more  acut«  than  some 
of  ours,  and  I  firmly  believe  that  in  many 
sleepless  hours  of  many  troubled  nights,  my 
burdens  and  yours,  rested  more  heavily  upon 
hU  shoulders  than  upon  our  own. 
What  more  fitting  tribute  to  that  life  whose 


sweetness  seems  only  to  intensify  with  the 
loss  of  its  vital  powers,  than  that  a  Chapel 
bearing  his  name  should  be  dedicated  to  God 
in  one  of  those  isolated  localities,  where 
dwell  the  hardy  pioneers,  who  always  ap- 
pealed so  profoundly  to  his  compassion? 


The  editor  amply  compensatea  the  read- 
ers of  the  magazine  for  all  deficiencies 
caused  by  his  absence,  in  enabling  them 
to  join  him  in  the  trip  across  the  conti- 
nent, to  enjoy  the  Sabbath  in  Salt  Lake 
City  and  to  hear  the  address  delivered  to 
the  Assembly. 


14 


The  Grand  Review — Open  Reward, 


[JyJy, 


The  Grand  Review  : — We  read  occa- 
sionally of  the  Czar  as  holding  a  grand  re- 
view of  tens  of  thousands  of  troops.  The 
Czarina  sits  by  his  side  as  ranks  of  regulars, 
Cossacks,  artillery,  sappers  and  miners 
and  cavalry  march  past,  equipped  and 
ready  to  do  their  master^s  bidding.  When 
the  corps  or  regiment  comes  near^  of  which 
the  Czar  is  the  honorary  officer,  he  places 
himself  at  their  head  in  the  march.  This 
act,  which  costs  no  effort  and  takes  little 
time,  confers  a  great  honor  upon  those 
troops  who  are  known  by  some  special 
title  such  as  "  the  King's  Own." 

The  past  month  has  been  one  of  review. 
The  Prince  of  Peace  and  His  Bride,  the 
Church,  have  seen  the  parade  of  Assemblies, 
Conferences,  Associations,  Societies  and 
Boards.  Presbyterians,  Methodists,  Bap- 
tists and  Congregationalists  have  professed 
their  readiness  to  fight  the  good  fight  of 
faith.  The  uniform  and  equipment  are 
varied,  but  as  above  all  they  put  on  char- 
ity which  is  the  bond  of  perf  ectness,  their 
allegiance  can  be  known. 

Which  corps  in  this  review  has  the  honor 
of  being  the  King's  Own  ?  Each  banner 
has  inscribed  upon  it  "  Lo,  I  am  with  you 
alway. "  No  company  is  too  small  to  claim 
Christ's  promise  to  two  or  three. 

The  noble  army  of  martyrs  find  him  at 
their  head  as  ^'  the  Lamb  slain  from  the 
foundation  of  the  world. "  Home  Mission- 
aries recall  that  he  was  sent  especially  to 
'^  the  lost  sheep  of  the  house  of  Israel." 
Workers  in  foreign  lands  know  that  He 
came  from  heaven  to  those  who  were  *^  afar 
off,"  "aliens,"  and  "strangers."  Bible 
and  Publication  societies  look  for  inspira- 
tion to  the  Word  made  flesh,     All  charity 


organizations  know  that  the  value  of  their 
gifts,  the  efficacy  of  their  deeds  of  love, 
come  from  God's  "unspeakable  gift." 
When  the  myriads  of  Sunday-school  schol- 
ars, baptized  infants,  and  Junior  Endeav- 
orers  appear  and  praise  ascends  from  babes 
and  sucklings,  then  can  bo  seen  the  Good 
Shepherd  carrying  the  lambs  in  his  arms 
as  he  says  "  Of  such  are  the  kingdom  of 
God." 

The  Bride  looks  upon  this  array  of 
workers,  women,  men  and  children  with 
mingled  feelings.  She  would  exultingly 
sing  but  alas,  the  crowd  of  idle  loungers  far 
outnumbers  the  armed  soldiers  of  the 
Cross.  Some  soldiers  break  ranks  and  fall 
behind.  Some  weapons  are  rusty  and 
the  ammunition  treasuries,  are  almost 
empty,  so  that  confession  mingles  with 
thanksgiving,  and  humility  excludes 
boasting. 


Secret  Service,  Open  Reward. — 
"  The  father  which  seeth  in  secret"  notes 
a  great  deal  which  the  Bride  does  not  be- 
hold in  this  review.  There  are  gifts  not 
enumerated  in  any  column  of  receipts, 
deeds  without  resolutions  of  commenda- 
tion, names  in  the  Book  of  Life  unknown 
to  the  public.  The  hours  of  parental  train- 
ing and  prayerful  pleadings  at  the  throne 
of  grace,  the  nights  of  agony  which  try 
the  sufferers'  submission,  the  loss  felt  by 
those  who  let  their  loved  ones  go — all  are 
known.  What  an  exposure  of  secret 
motives  and  wrong  desire,  what  a  triumph 
of  humble  love  and  unknown  labor  will  be 
the  time  when  he  that  seeth  in  secret  shall 
"  reward  openly." 


1892.] 


Christian  Missions. 


15 


CHRISTIAN  MISSIONS  AS  A  FACTOR  IN  THE  WORLD'S  PROGRESS. 

REV.    JAMES  S.    DENNIS,  D.  D. 


The  purpose  of  missions  is  to  make 
Christianity  effective  in  the  world;  to 
give  it  scope  as  a  religious  force  among 
men.  Beauty  must  be  recognized  to  be 
appreciated.  Material  force  must  be  oper- 
ative if  it  is  to  produce  results.  Spiritual 
agencies  must  move  men  if  they  are  to 
change  character  and  shape  action.  Re- 
ligious truth  must  mould  and  impel  the  life 
if  it  is  to  be  a  moral  power  in  the  world. 
Christianity  is  little — practically  nothing 
to  the  world — if  it  is  not  a  dominant  and 
aggressive  influence  in  human  lives.  The 
question  whether  missions  are  a  factor  in 
the  world's  progress  involves,  therefore, 
the  larger  inquiry  whether  Christianity — 
all  pervasive  and  regnant — would  be  a- un- 
iversal blessing  to  men.  We  cannot  stop 
to  discuss  this  question.  Christian  Mis- 
sions draw  their  inspiration  largely  from 
the  profound  conviction  that  Christianity 
— simple,  pure,  loving,  unselfish  and  sin- 
cere— is  just  what  the  world  needs,  and 
act  accordingly.  The  one  purpose  they 
have  in  view  is  to  exalt  Christ  before  all 
men,  and  breathe  his  spirit  into  all  hearts, 
and  make  Christianity  a  controlling  influ- 
ence in  all  circles  of  society.  If  the 
Christian  religion  is  true  then  missions 
should  be  sustained,  not  only  because 
Christ  urges  his  followers  to  prosecute 
them,  but  because  there  is  in  them  a 
ministry  of  blessing  and  hope  to  the 
world. 

Have  missions  as  yet  any  grip  on  the 
world?  Are  they  accomplishing  a  regen- 
erating and  uplifting  work  among  the  na- 
tions? Can  they  fairly  be  considered  a 
factor  in  the  world's  progress?  Does  our 
century  as  yet  yield  any  evidence  that  a 
new  and  mysterious  civilizing  force  is  at 
work  more  widely  than  ever  before  in  our 
generation?  Can  we  detect  any  signs  of 
that  spiritual  mastery,  that  ethical  control 


and  world-wide  dominion  which  we  hope 
and  believe  will  be  given  to  Christi- 
anity largely  through  the  toils  and  sacri- 
fices of  missions?  We  think,  that  these 
questions  and  others  like  them  can  be  an- 
swered truly  in  the  affirmative. 

As  regards  the  reflex  influence  of  mis- 
sions— both  home  and  foreign — on  the  reli- 
gious life  of  our  own  country,  we  think 
they  may  be  fairly  considered  as  a  saving 
blessing  to  the  churches  of  Christendom. 
What  would  our  home  Christianitv  be  with- 
out  them?  It  would  be  but  a  travesty  of  the 
Master's  example — ^a  refinement  of  selfish- 
ness; it  would  be  love  sitting  with  folded 
hands,  charity  caressing  itself;  it  would 
be  religion  herself  helping  us  to  ignore  the 
more  generous  and  tender  instincts  of  the 
human  heart;  it  would  betray  our  better 
natures  into  hypocrisy  in  that  sweeter 
and  higher  realm  of  ministry  where  the 
soul  should  be  doubly  and  forever  sincere. 
Christianity  without  missions  would  be  like 
Christ  without  a  heart.  If,  therefore, 
there  is  to  be  any  progress  to  Christianity 
in  our  .home  churches  as  an  inspiration 
and  rule  of  life,  it  must  be  along  the  lines 
of  missions.  It  would  be  a  suggestive  and 
fruitful  study  to  search  out  the  influence 
of  missions  as  a  factor  in  the  progress  of 
our  home  Christianity  and  as  an  inspira- 
tion to  the  finer  and  sweeter  sympathies 
of  human  brotherhood  among  civilized 
nations.  Should  the  whole  idea  of  mis- 
sions collapse  and  disappear  in  toto  from 
literature,  society,  and  church-life,  a 
darker  shadow  than  we  suspect  would  rest 
upon  the  world. 

In  the  practical  arena  of  missions,  how- 
ever, in  the  foreign  fields  is  the  most  con- 
vincing evidence  of  their  power  as  a  factor 
in  the  world's  progress.  They  are  an  educa- 
tional agency  of  magnificent  power  and  al- 
most unlimited  promise.     Colleges,  medi- 


16 


Christian  Missions  as  a  Fader  in  the  World's  Progress. 


[JtiZy, 


cal  and  theological  seminaries,  high  schools 
and  village  schools  are  planted  hy  them  in 
all  lands  where  they  have  entered.     They 
are  fountains  of  pure,  helpful  and  instruc- 
tive Christian  literature  in  every  prominent 
language  of  the   East.     What  a   mental 
training,  an  intellectual  stimulus,  and  a 
lifting  up  of  moral  standards  is  hrought 
about  by   the  periodical    and  permanent 
literature  so  widely  published  and  distri- 
buted by  our  missionary  agencies !     It  has 
come    to    be    recognized    as  one    of  the 
functions  of   missionary  organizations  in 
cases  where  the  moral  interests  of  their 
native  constituencies  are  involved,  to  call 
the  attention  of  civilized  communities  to 
great  questions  of  public  justice  and  na- 
tional ethics,    such  as  the  opium  trade, 
the  slave  trade,  the  kidnapping  of  natives 
for  forced  labor,  and  the  rum  traffic,  now 
so   notorious  in    Africa.      Some  of  the 
most  cruel  and  degrading   customs  have 
disappeared,  largely  through  the  agency  of 
missions.      In    India  we    have     conspi- 
cuous illustrations  of  this ;  and  if  the  iron 
rule  of  caste  is  ever  to  be  broken,  to  mis- 
sions will  belong  to  a  notable  extent  the 
immortal  honor  of  striking  the  fatal  blow. 
They  have  been  instrumental  in  introduc- 
ing moral  and  material  improvements  into 
civil,   social,   and  industrial  life,   and  in 
elevating  standards  of  personal  conduct 
and    manners.      They    have    stimulated 
productive  industry,  and  quickened  trade 
with   other  lands.      They  have  indirectly 
introduced  modern  inventions   and   have 
encouraged  the  adoption  of  the  facilities  of 
Western  civilization.     They  have  rendered 
notable  contributions  to  the  scientific  pro- 
gress of  the  world,  in  the  departments  of 
archaeology,   ethnology,   philology,  geog- 
raphy,    mineralogy,     geology,     zoology, 
botany,   folk-lore,   and  comparative  reli- 
gion.    They  have  developed  and  reduced 
to  writing  many  important  languages  and 
dialects,  and  made  them  the  medium  of 
an  instructive  literature  and    especially 


of  the  circulation  of  the  Bible.  They  are 
accomplishing  much  in  the  development 
and  growth  of  the  English  language  as  a 
world-wide  medium  of  thought.  They 
have  been  useful  in  the  propagation  of  en- 
lightened ideas  upon  liberty,  justice, 
equality,  human  rights,  fraternity,  and 
mutual  helpfulness.  They  are  hastening 
the  overthrow  of  effete  and  tyrannical 
governments,  in  the  interest  especially  of 
liberty  of  conscience  and  religious  freedom. 
They  ace  busy  instilling  lessons  of  Chris- 
tian philanthropy,  and  putting  into  mo- 
tion the  impulses  of  beneficence  and  charity. 
They  are  constantly  giving  to  the  world 
examples  of  heroism  and  lessons  of  sacri- 
fice in  the  lives  and  biographies  of  such 
men  as  Carey,  Judson,  Martyn,  Patteson, 
Zinzendorf,  Livingston,  Hannington, 
Keith-Falconer,  Molfat,  Mackay,  and  Pa- 
ton.  They  are  breaking  the  power  of 
priestcraft  and  the  tyranny  of  supersti- 
tion, and  giving  impulse  and  scope  to 
aspirations  after  better  things,  while 
opening  the  door  of  hope  to  despairing 
hearts.  They  are  releasing  woman  from 
her  immemorial  degradation  in  heathen 
lands,  by  sending  devoted  women  to  visit 
her  in  the  seclusion  of  the  zenana  and  the 
harem,  to  teach  and  brighten  her  life 
amid  her  hitherto  cheerless  and  depress- 
ing surroundings.  They  are  building 
an  altar  of  social  worship  in  many  a  hum- 
ble home,  purifying  and  sweetening 
domestic  life,  and  enforcing  the  blessed 
moralities  of  the  Christian  family.  They 
are  rebuking  vice  and  making  its  shame- 
lessness  less  ostentatious  and  its  practice 
less  easy.  They  are  giving  a  spiritual 
tone  to  religion,  and  freeing  it  from  hollow 
forms  and  degrading  idolatries.  They  are 
establishing  a  simple  worship,  and  giving 
a  helpful,  instructive,  and  human  touch 
to  the  ministrations  of  the  Church,  placing 
the  Word  of  God  in  the  hands  of  men  in 
their  own  language,  the  language  of  the 
heart  and  home.     They  are  bringing  souls 


1892.] 


New  York  State  Synodioal  Aid  Fund, 


17 


continually  into  the  light,  and  liberty, 
and  hope,  and  spiritual  obedience  of  the 
Gospel  of  Christ. 

This  work  is  conducted  at  the  present 
hour  under  the  auspices  of  oyer  200  Mis- 
sionary Societies,  with  the  Word  of  God 
ready  for  use  in  300  languages.  There  are 
7,000  missionaries  (including  ladies)  on 
the  foreign  fields,  with  30,000  native 
helpers.  The  converts  already  number 
nearly  a  million,  and  there  are  at  least 
4,000,000  adherents  under  the  influence  of 
mission  instruction.  There  are  40,000 
pupils  in  higher  educational  institu- 
tions, and  400,000  children  in  village 
schools. 

The  great  East  India  Company  in  the 
zenith  of  its  power,  after  concentrating 
all  its  wisdom  and  business  acumen  on 
the  subject  of  missions,   pronounced  the 


sending  of  missionaries  to  the  heathen  to 
be  'Hhe  maddest,  the  most  extrava- 
gant, the  most  expensive,  the  most 
unwarrantable  project  that  was  ever  pro- 
posed by  a  lunatic  enthusiast. "  The 
answer  of  the  last  year  of  mission  pro- 
gress to  the  condensed  and  opaque  folly  of 
this  astounding  deliverance  was  60,000 
native  conversions,  and  the  out-gushing 
of  thousands  of  springs  of  moral  power 
and  blessing,  pouring  out  their  healing, 
refreshing,  and  life-giving  waters  to  a 
thirsty  world. 

The  moral  pulse  of  the  world  is  beating 
quicker  and  stronger  under  the  reviving 
and  tonic  power  of  missions.  It  is  a 
cause  which  is  identified  with  one  of  God's 
great  thoughts,  and  it  will  be  heard  of 
more  and  more  as  the  world  moves  on 
toward  its  final  goal. 


NEW  YORK  STATE  SYNODICAL  AID  FUND. 

THE   PLAN. 


The  present  plan  for  sustaining  the  weak 
churches  in  the  State  of  New  York  was 
established  by  this  Synod  in  October,  1886, 
and  took  effect  May  Ist,  1887. 

The  Synod  resolved  to  undertake  the 
support  of  its  own  weak  churches  within 
the  bounds  of  the  State.  The  plan  is 
simple.  The  Synod  estimated  the  amount 
necessary  and  divided  that  among  the 
Presbyteries  according  to  the  church  mem- 
bership, and  asked  each  Presbytery  to  raise 
its  quota  in  its  own  way,  considering  the 
financial  ability  of  each  church.  The 
Synod  asked  the  Board  of  Home  Missions 
to  administer  the  fund,  and  the  Treasurer 
of  the  Board  to  be  the  Treasurer  of  the 
fund.  The  State  was  divided  into  two 
districts,  and  two  superintendents  were 
appointed  to  promote  the  work  by  personal 
effort  among  the  churches,  under  the  di- 
rection of  the  Presbyterial  committees,  by 


preaching,  advising,  introducing  candi- 
dates to  vacant  pulpits,  eliciting  an  inter- 
est in  the  work  through  the  stronger 
churches,  and  by  such  other  means  as 
might  be  in  their  power.  A  committee  of 
Synod  was  appointed  to  aid  the  work  and 
correspond  with  the  committees  in  the 
various  Presbyteries. 

ITS  OKIGIN   AND    DESIGN. 

That  the  Eastern  Synods  should  become 
self-sustaining  was  first  suggested  by  the 
venerable  Secretary  of  the  Board,  and  the 
General  Assembly  recommended  it  to  the 
Eastern  Synods,  and  directed  that  it  should 
take  the  place  of  Sustentation  in  the  Synods 
where  adopted. 

Its  design  was,  first,  to  relieve  the  Board 
by  an  increase  of  funds  and  so  strengthen 
the  Board  for  its  aggressive  work  in  the 
more  recently  settled  states  and  territories. 


18 


New  York  StcUe  Synodioai  Aid  Fwnd. 


[July, 


Secondly,  It  was  to  benefit  the  condition 
of  the  weak  churches  in  the  older  states 
by  an  increased  and  immediate  effort  for 
them  on  the  part  of  the  Presbytery  in 
which  they  are  situated  ;  and  so,  by  their 
development,  secure  a  better  response  to 
the  Macedonian  call  from  the  frontier. 

The  success  has  been  encouraging  to  a 
good  degree,  but  not  complete.  The  work 
has  not  been  antagonistic  to  the  Board. 
The  Superintendents  have  been  very  busy; 
275  sermons  in  a  portion  of  the  last  year, 
369  in  the  year  before  have  been  preached, 
and  nearly  all  in  the  destitute  and  vacant 
fields.  Many  churches  that  had  been 
closed  have  been  opened,  others  very  weak 
have  been  strengthened,  so  that  the  con- 
dition of  the  weak  churches  is  better  now 
than  for  many  years.  Some  new  churches 
have  been  organized,  and  houses  of  wor- 
ship erected,  debts  have  been  cleared  off, 
ministers  have  been  introduced,  evan- 
gelistic meetings  have  been  held,  and  the 
work  pushed  in  every  direction. 

The  Presbyteries  have  been  aroused  to 
Caring  for  thetr  weak  churches,  atid  com- 
mittees have  become  active,  efficient  and 
successful.  More  has  been  done  than 
would  have  been  possible  without  some 
such  special  effort. 

Synodical  aid  has  been  the  chief  topic 
in  the  meetings  of  Synod,  and  the  Pres- 
byteries have  discussed  it  in  their  late 
spring  meetings  with  interest  not  seen 
before. 

SUCCESS   NOT  COMPLETE. 

Complete  success  has  not  been  attained. 
The  Synod  asks  this  year  132,000.  From 
October  1st,  1891,  to  May  1st,  1892, 
$938,924  have  been  raised  for  synodical 
aid.  To  reach  complete  success  and  re- 
ceive $32,000,  $22,610.76  must  be  raised 
by  October  1st,  1892.  Shall  it  be  done  ? 
The  Presby  terie-),  committees  and  sessions 
can  answer,  l^ot  all  the  depressed  churches 
have  been  restored.  There  are  closed 
churches  yet  for  want  of  funds.     There 


are  discouraged  hearts  in  our  own  com- 
munion  and  members  of  our  own  body  in 
sorrow. 

APPEAL. 

1.  What  will  the  Presbyteries  do  about 
it  ?  There  has  been  much  interesting  and 
undoubtedly  profitable  discussion  in  the 
late  meetings.  Let  the  discussion  go  on. 
It  is  not  that  any  particular  plan  is  so  im- 
portant, but  the  subject  itself  and  the 
object  to  be  attained  by  whatever  plan 
may  be  best. 

2.  What  will  the  committees  of  the  Pres- 
byteries do  about  it  ?  Shall  the  Presbytery 
be  districted  between  the  members  of  the 
committee  both  to  advise  with,  and  care 
for  the  weak  churches,  and  to  encourage 
all  to  give  that  the  need  may  be  supplied  ? 
Will  not  the  full  amount  be  reported  as 
raised  when  Synod  meets  next  October  ? 
It  can  be. 

3.  Ministers,  what  will  you  do  about  it  ? 
Shall  the  people  be  informed  and  en- 
couraged to  the  support  of  this  cause  ?  It 
is  the  cause  that  lies  at  the  door  in  im- 
mediate contact  with  our  every-day  life, 
the  cause  of  brothers  and  sisters  and 
fathers  and  mothers  in  the  old  hometown, 
and  the  cause  of  the  stranger  within  our 
very  gates. 

4.  Church  members  andalmoners  of  the 
Lord's  money,  what  will  you  do  about  it  ? 

Will  you  give  heed  to  this  cry  of 
spiritual  want  that  may  be  heard  without 
leaving  home,  so  near  it  is.  Many  of  you 
are  prosperous  in  business,  some  in 
affluent  circumstances.  Will  you  listen  ? 
They  are  the  voices  of  your  neighbors  and 
kinsfolk  that  you  hear.  And  with  these 
pathetic  cries  there  comes  also  the  threat- 
ening jargon  of  voices  of  infidelity,  social- 
ism and  anarchy,  mingled  with  the  curses 
that  come  from  the  haunts  of  vice  and 
crime.  The  gospel  is  the  remedy,  and 
the  power  of  the  Holy  Ghost  is  pledged 
to  the  faithful  workers.  What  are  homes 
and  estates  with  the  foundations  of  society 


1892.] 


A  Fire- Worshipper' 8  Funeral. 


l!) 


undermiaed,  and  what  shall  be  the  ans- 
wer of  God's  steirardH  io  that  da;? 

DIRECTIONS. 

In  order  to  aid   the  cauee  of  the  weak 


churches  in  the  state  of  New  York  send 
money  to  Mr.  0.  D.  Eaton,  53  Fifth 
Avenue,  New  York,  TJ.  Y.  Be  sure  tosaj 
that  it  is  for  the  N.  Y.  Kynodical  Aid 
Fund. 


A  FIRE- WORSHIPPER'S  FUNERAL. 


The  Fire-Worahippera  or  Parsees  probably 
Qumber  7,000  or  8,000  in  Persia.  Though  op- 
pressed since  the  eisth  century,  when  Omar 
subdued  Persia  to  Islam  at  the  poiot  of  the 
BWord,  the  sect  still  retains  a  distinct  in- 
dividuality. 

Recently  I  had  the  unusual  opportunity  of 
attending  a  Fire- Worshipper's  funeral.  When 
death  had  taken  place  each  knee  was  bent 
at  a  right  angle  and  each  foot  was  placed 
under  the  other  knee,  thus  crossingthe shins 
like  a  letter  x.    The  body  was  bathed  with  the 


REV.    LEWIS  F.   ESSBI^TYN,   TEHERAN. 

urine  of  a  cow  and  wound  ronnd  and  round 
from  head  to  foot  in  new  white  cloth.  The 
sacred  book  was  read  over  it  and  then  it  was' 
placed  on  an  iron  litter,  made  fast  with 
ropes,  covered  with  a  sheet,  and  carried  out. 
The  cemetery  is  about  five  miles  south  of  the 
city  on  a  mountain  side.  After  going  but  a 
short  distance,  the  litter  was  placed  on  a 
donkey  and  jolted  along  as  fast  as    possi- 


ble. 

Arriving  at  the  cemetery,  I  found  that  two 
men  had  gone  on  ab^d  carrying  a  ladder, 


20 


A  Fire- Worshipper^ 8  fv/neral. 


[July, 


utensils  and  ingredients  for  preparing  in- 
cense, and  a  luncheon  for  the  five  men,  in- 
cluding the  son  of  the  dead  man,  who  had 
brought  the  body. 

The  cemetery   consists  of  a  circular  in- 
closure  built  of  stones  and  lime  about  eighteen 
feet  high  and  fifty  feet  in  diameter.     One 
man  built  a  fire  and  prepared  the  incense 
which,  as  soon  as  its  unpleasant  odor  had 
filled  the  air,  he  unceremoniously  threw  out 
on  the  ground.      Another  bound  the  two 
short  ladders  together  to  make  them  long 
enough  to  reach  the  top  and  erected  them 
against  the  wall.     Others  removed  the  litter 
from  the  donkey,  then  removed   the  body 
from  the  litter  and  laid  it  on  a  strong  thin 
blanket  with  two  stones    under  the  head. 
One  then  took  a  stone  and  passed  it  three 
times  half  way    around  the  body    on   the 
ground,  each  time  retracing  the  line  to  the 
standing  point,  all  the  time  muttering  some- 
thing.    These   preparations  completed,  the 
diagonally  opposite  corners  of  the  quilt  were 
tied  firmly  together  thus  enclosing  the  body 
in  a  sort  of  sack.     To  these  knots  a  rope  was 
tied  and  one  of  the  men  tucked  the  other  end 
of  the  rope  into  his  belt  and  mounted  the 
ladder.     One  by  one  we  climbed  the  ladder 
and  stepped  over  the  wall  on  to  a  small  land- 
ing down  into  the  enclosure.     Then  two  men 
took  hold  of  the  rope  and  roughly  drew  up 
the  body  often  bumping  it  carelessly  against 
the  wall.     They  dragged  it  over  on  to  the 
landing  and  down  the  steps  where  it  was  re- 
moved   from    the  quilt.     The  floor  of  the 
cemetery   is    entirely    covered  with    stone 
masonry    and    contains    about     sixty-three 
graves,  the  long  way  of  them  being  nearly 
north  and  south.     Each  grave  is  about  five 


feet  long,  two  feet  wide,  and  a  little  more 
than  afoot  deep  built  of -stone  masonry.  Into 
one  of  these  the  body  was  put,  the  head  to  the 
north  and  no  other  covering  than  the  cloth 
which  had  been  wound  around  it.  The 
face  was  then  uncovered  and  the  cloth  some- 
what loosened  round  the  body  and  the  last 
earthly  rites  had  been  performed  for  one  who 
eighteen  hours  before  had  been  alive. 

This  account  would  not  be  complete  with- 
out some  description  of  the  scene  that  ap- 
peared before  me  as  I  climbed  from  the  top 
of  the  ladder  over  the  wall  on  to  the  landing. 
There  were  human  bodies  and  bones  in  all 
stages  of  decay.  There  were  skulls  with 
eyeless  sockets,  jaws  full  of  ghastly  teeth, 
hair,  whiskers,  and  fleshless  hands  and  feet, 
ribs,  thigh  bones,  and  pieces  of  cloth  mixed 
up  in  horrid  confusion.  Three  bodies  had 
quite  recently  been  deposited.  The  crows 
had  stripped  their  bones  and  the  skeletons 
had  been  turned  enough  so  that  they  had  the 
appearance  of  having  tried  to  escai)e. 

Near  the  center  of  the  enclosure  and  again 
near  the  side  were  holes  leading  down  into  a 
large  deep  under-ground  room.  Into  this  are 
dumped  from  time  to  time  the  surplus  of 
bones. 

Scarcely  had  we  started  away  from  the 
place  when  the  crows  began  to  collect.  The 
Fire- Worshippers  say  that  if  the  birds  first 
pick  out  the  right  eye  the  person  has  gone  to 
heaven,  but  if  the  left,  he  has  gone  to  hell. 

The  young  son  thus  left  an  orphan  is  a 
Christian  and  more  than  once  through  this 
affliction  he  was  borne  up  and  sustained  by 
his  faith  in  Christ.  The  father  had  often 
heard  the  gospel  but  God  alone  knows 
whether  it  is  well  with  his  soul. 


1892.] 


Whose  is  the  ResponsibilUy  f 


21 


WHOSE  IS  THE   RESPONSIBILITY? 

In  these  days  of  Inter-Seminary  Mission- 
ary Alliances,  of  Northfield  Conventions 
and  Student  Volunteer  movements,  when 
we  hear  so  much  of  earnest  enthusiasm  on 
the  subject  of  missionary  service  and  of 
pledge^roUs  running  up  into  the  thous- 
ands, of  youth  looking  forward,  "if  God 
will,"  to  such  service,  we  are  startled  at 
learning  from  the  Secretaries  of  our  Board 
of  Foreign  Missions  and  from  the  Candi- 
date Committees  of  our  Woman's  Boards 
that  there  never  was  a  time  when  it  was 
harder  to  find  suitable  candidates  to  fill 
vacancies  or  to  take  up  new  work  for 
which  the  door  stands  open.  When,  with 
these  facts  still  in  mind,  we  hear  a  letter 
from  a  missionary  in  China  pleading  ear- 
nestly for  help  for  an  important  school, 
which  "must  be  closed  unless  some  one 
can  be  sent  out  to  take  charge  of  it,"  and 
Secretaries  and  Committees  lay  down  the 
letter  with  a  sigh  ef  regret  that  there  is  no 
one  ready  for  China,  we  cannot  help  feel- 
ing that  there  is  something  wrong  some- 
where: that  Christians  in  America  are 
not  looking  at  Foreign  Missions  from  the 
right  standpoint;  that  the  Church  at 
Home  has  not  taken  to  heart  the  respon- 
sibility of  establishing  and  building  up 
the  Church  Abroad. 

But  the  Church  at  Home  is  made  up  of 
individuals  and  when  General  Assemblies 
have  passed  resolutions  commending  the 
cause  of  Foreign  Missions  to  the  churches 
and  authorizing  the  raising  of  $1,000,000 
or  more  for  the  carrying  on  of  the  work, 
little  is  accomplished  unless  an  impression 
is  made  upon  individual  hearts  that  will 
lead  to  personal  consecration  and  personal 
service. 

And  now,  with  the  question  to  answer, 
"Whom  shall  we  send,  and  who  will  go 
for  us?"  upon  whom  does  the'responsibil- 
ity  rest?  We  have  no  Presbyterian  Pope  or 
Bishop  who  can  "say  to  this  one,  Go,"  and 
he  or  she  must  go  to  India,  or  Africa,  or 


China,  or  Persia,  without  question  of  per- 
sonal preference  or  willingness;  but  are 
all  possible  influences  being  used  by  pas- 
tors and  teachers,  by  Mission  Band  leaders 
and  Presbyterial  officers,  by  parents,  to 
bring  this  subject  of  consecration  to  mis- 
sionary service  to  the  attention  of  possible 
missionary  candidates?  The  old  Bepub- 
lican  idea  that  any  boy  may  some  day  be 
President  of  the  United  States  might  be 
modified  for  the  Presbyterian  boys  and 
girls  of  our  homes,  our  Sabbath  Schools 
and  Mission  Bands  by  holding  before  them 
the  thought  that  within  the  reach  of  each 
of  them  is  the  possible  honor,  "to  preach 
among  the  Gentiles,  the  unsearchable 
riches  of  Christ."  Would  it  not  be  right 
for  us  of tener  than  we  do,  to  say  directly 
to  this  one  or  to  that  one  who  seems  to  us  to 
have  the  necessary  preparation  and  qualifi- 
cations, "  Are  you  not  willing  to  go  as  a 
Foreign  Missionary?"  The  direct  ques- 
tion may  be  just  what  is  needed  to  remind 
some  one  of  a  responsibility  which  had  not 
been  fully  considered  or  to  help  to  a  deci- 
sion some  timid  soul,  ready  for  the  sacri- 
fice, but  shrinking  from  making  an  offer 
that  might  be  deemed  presumptuous. 

And  where  must  we  look  for  these  pos- 
sible missionary  candidates?  We  turn 
naturally  to  the  Theological  Seminaries, 
to  the  Colleges  and  Normal  Schools  which 
are  sending  forth  every  year  educated 
young  men  and  women  ready  to 
"take  up  the  burden  of  life,"  and  we 
wish  that  we  could  reach  every  one  of  them 
with  a  "persuasive  voice"  telling  of  a 
great  need  that  can  best  be  supplied  by 
just  such  powers  as  their  years  of  training 
and  study  have  put  into  their  hands. 
We  wish  that  we  could  make  them  under- 
stand the  greatness  of  the  need,  the  pre- 
ciousness  of  the  privilege  of  working  to- 
gether with  God  for  the  salvation  of  lost 
souls.  We  wish  that  they  could  be  made 
to  see  that  life  is  worth  living  in  Persia,  or 
Syria,  or  India,  even  if  cherished  ambi- 


1^ 


Whose  is  the  Responsibility? 


[July, 


tions  must  be  laid  aside,  for  we  have  the 
Master's  word  for  it,  **  Whosoever  will  lose 
his  life  for  my  sake  shall  find  it." 

But  as  experience  is  an  added  element 
of  probable  usefulness  for  the  missionary, 
as  well  as  for  other  workers  in  both  secular 
and  religious  fields,  we  should  like  to  bring 
this  problem  of  demand  and  supply  to 
young  pastors  who  have  learned  already 
what  it  is  to  shepherd  the  flock  of  God,  to 
deal  with  individual  souls,  to  break  the 
bread  of  life,  but  who  have  no  ties  that 
would  make  it  impracticable  or  unwise  to 
risk  a  change  of  life  or  of  climate.  Why 
should  not  such  carry  their  experience  and 
their  growing  love  for  the  Lord's  work  to 
the  task  of  gathering  in  those  '^  other 
sheep,  not  of  this  fold  "  whom  the  Good 
Shepherd  wishes  to  bring?  Can  any  one 
accuse  them  of  a  lack  of  steadfastness  of 
purpose  if  this  greater  need  impresses  it- 
self upon  them  more  strongly  now  than 
when  they  first  took  their  ordination 
vows? 

For  the  same  reason  and  with  the  same 
earnestness  we  should  like  to  lay  this  bur- 
den upon  the  hearts  of  teachers  who  have 
had  some  experience  in  public  schools  or 
Seminaries,  but  who  still  have  vigorous 
health  and  promise  of  years  of  work  be- 
fore them.  Would  it  not  be  a  joy  to  spend 
those  years  in  teaching  youths  and  maid- 
ens and  little  children  from  heathen  or 
Mohammedan  homes,  giving  them  with 
intellectual  cultare  a  knowledge  of  the 
truth  of  God?  A  writer  in  a  recent  num- 
ber of  Woinaji^s  Work  for  Woman  makes 
an  urgent  appeal  to  Christian  Kormal 
graduates  to  consider  the  wideness  of  the 
opportunity  offered  in  mission  school 
work,  not  only  for  exerting  Christian  in- 
fluence, unrestricted  by  regulations  of 
School  Boards,  but  for  developing  meth- 
ods of  instruction  and  building  up  educa- 
tional systems,  for  which  the  American 
teacher  has  little  liberty.  Add  to  this 
wideness  of  opportunity  the  greatness  of 


the  need  that  rests  upon  our  hearts  to-day 
and  we  feel  that  no  Christian  teacher 
ought  to  turn  from  our  question  without 
giving  it  considerate,  prayerful  attention. 
Do  not  say  that  you  cannot  be  spared 
from  your  present  work.  We  do  not  be- 
lieve that  any  good  position  in  school  work 
in  this  land  cannot  be  well  and  satisfac- 
torily filled,  without  great  or  disastrous 
delay.  A  young  lady,  a  college  graduate 
of  several  years  standing  and  with  exper- 
ience in  teaching,  recently  answered  an 
advertisement  for  a  private  governess  and 
found  herself  one  of  one  hundred  and 
twenty-five  competitors.  A  teacher  in  a 
city  school  of  only  local  reputation  to 
whom  application  was  made  for  a  position 
for  an  accomplished  teacher,  said  that  she 
had  more  applications  for  teachei*s  than 
for  scholars. 

Do  not  say  that  Christian  workers  are 
needed  in  our  own  land.  We  confidently 
believe  that  no  greater  spiritual  blessing 
could  come  to  Christian  America,  to  the 
Presbyterian  Church,  than  such  a  wave  of 
missionary  enthusiasm,  perhaps,  rather  of 
missionary  conviction,  et^  should  carry 
young  pastors  from  their  churches,  young 
teachers  from  their  schools,  to  fulfil  the 
waiting  command,  "  Go  ye,  make  disciples 
of  all  nations,"  even  if  some  of  the  many 
schools  of  America  must  be  closed  in  con- 
sequence, even  if  some  churches  must  be 
united. 

If  these,  or  any  others,  ready  for  ser- 
vice, will  go  for  us,  to  us  who  tarry  be- 
hind, to  whom  the  honor  of  such  foreign 
embassadorship  is  not  granted,  there  re- 
remains  the  solemn  responsibility  of  giving 
the  means  for  carrying  on  the  work,  of 
prayer  for  that  constant  blessing  without 
which  service  or  sacrifice  will  be  in  vain. 
Carey's  admonition,  ''  You  must  hold  the 
ropes"  gives  us  a  share  in  that  earnest, 
persevering  working  and  waiting  which  is 
to  win  the  world  for  Christ. 

Whose  is    the  responsibility?     Yours 


1892.] 


Mrs,  Bishop^a  Travels, 


23 


and  mine,  as  God  shall  show  us  His  will 
and  give  us  grace  to  do  it. 

'*  Who  tlien  is  willing  to  consecrate  his 
service  this  day  unto  the  Lord  ? 


MRS.  BISHOP'S  TRAVELS. 

(Cojitinued  from  June  number^) 

With  this  last  remark  should  he  read  a 
comment  Mrs.  Bishop  makes  on  the 
Church  Missionary  Society's  work  under 
Dr.  Bruce  in  Ispahan : 

This  is  the  twenty-third  mission  circle 
with  which  I  have  hecome  acquainted  daring 
the  last  eight  months,  and  I  see  in  nearly  all 
the  same  difficulties,  many  of  them  of  a  nat- 
ure we  can  hardly  realize  at  home. 

To  these  difficulties,  and  the  perils  that 
menace  their  work  especially  in  connec- 
tion with  the  higher  education  of  the  native 
races  and  the  secular  ambitions  it  awakens 
none  are  more  alive  than  the  missionaries 
and  the  directors  of  missionary  boards  at 
home. 

Let  us  turn  now  and  read  what  Mrs. 
Bishop  has  to  say  on  the  bearings  of  these 
years  of  missionary  labors  on  the  ultimate 
evangelization  of  the  great  Moslem  popu- 
lation of  Persia.  She  sums  up  her  care- 
fully weighed  observations,  too  long  to 
quote  in  full,  in  these  sentences: 

On  the  whole,  and  in  spite  of  slow  progress 
and  the  apparently  insurmountable  difficulties 
presented  by  hostility  or  indifference,  I  be- 
lieve Christian  missions  in  Persia,  especially 
by  their  educational  agencies  and  the  circula- 
tion of  the  Bible,  are  producing  an  increasing 
under-current,  tending  towards  secular  as 
well  as  religious  progress,  and  are  gaining  an 
ever  growing  influence,  so  that  lamentably 
slow  as  the  advance  of  Christianity  is,  its 
prospects  cannot  justly  be  overlooked  in  con- 
sidering the  probable  future  of  Persia. 

To  this  last  paragraph  she  appends  the 
following  significant  foot  note. 

The  absolute  fact,  however,  is  that  Chris- 
tian nations  have  not  shown  any  zeal  in  com- 


municating the  blessings  of  Christianity  to 
Persia  and  Southern  Turkey.  England  has 
sent  two  missions,  one  to  Baghdad,  the  other 
to  Jalfa.  America  has  five  stations  in  North- 
ern and  Western  Persia,  but  not  one  in 
Southern  Turkey  or  Arabia.  The  populous 
shores  of  the  Persian  Gulf,  the  great  tribes  of 
the  plains  of  the  Tigris  and  Euphrates,  the 
Ilyats  of  Persia,  the  important  cities  of 
Shiraz,  Yezd,  Meshed,  Kashan,  Kum,  Kirm- 
anshab,  and  all  Southern,  Eastern  and  West- 
ern Persia  (excepting  Hamadan  and  Urmi,) 
are  untouched  by  Christian  effort  I  Propa- 
gandism  on  a  scale  so  contemptible  impresses 
intelligent  Moslems  as  a  sham,  and  is  an  in- 
jury to  the  Christianity  which  it  professes  to 
represent. 

The  Presbyterian  churches  in  Persia  are 
increasingly  alive  to  the  reproach  that  just- 
ly rests  against  Christianity  for  its  apathy 
in  the  manner  Mrs.  Bishop  charges,  and 
are  setting  on  foot  new  agencies  to  push 
this  work.  A  sort  of  Inland  Mission  has 
recently  been  formed  at  Oroomiah,  and 
several  native  brethren  are  entering  with 
self-denying  zeal  upon  itinerating  efforts. 
At  a  conference  upon  the  subject  held  in 
January  it  was  agreed  that  six  more  such 
laborers  were  called  for.  But  where  are 
the  funds  for  any  new  enterprises  of  this 
kind  ?  Will  the  churches  at  home  fur- 
nish them,  and  so  help  roll  off  the  re- 
proach and  guilt  of  past  indifference  ? 


Rev.  Alexander  Walker  died  at  Butler, 
Mo.,  June  11th.  He  was  one  of  the  most 
faithful  and  efficient  Synodical  mission- 
aries. He  leaves  a  family.  He  was  born 
and  educated  in  Scotland,  was  Sabbath- 
school  Superintendent  of  our  church  at 
Otterville,  Mo.,  '72  to  '73;  then  pastor  at 
Tipton  ten  years,  whence  he  was  called  to 
Butler,  where  he  was  pastor  six  years.  He 
ivas  called  by  the  Synod  of  Mo.  to  succeed 
Ii«v.  Thomas  Marshall  as  Synodical  Mis- 
sionary in  1889.  His  last  illness  was  pain- 
ful and  protracted,  lasting  ten  weeks. 


CHURCH    ERECTION. 


A  MISAPPREHENSION. 

The  Board  frequently  receives  an  applica- 
tion for  aid  in  building  a  church  edifice 
where  the  facts  appear  to  be  as  follows : 

The  church  is  a  fairly  strong  church  situ- 
ated in  a  large  and  thriring  town  or  city 
— It  has  been  organized  for  a  number  of 
years  and  has  become  so  well  established, 
that  its  growth  and  importance  demand  a 
new  and  more  commodious  building  than 
the  one  in  which  it  has  worshiped  for 
years.  It  proposes  therefore  to  erect  an 
edifice  costing  from  $10,000  to  115,000. 
In  counting  up  its  resources  it  applies  to 
the  Board  for  aid  to  the  extent  of  11,000 
or  $1,200,  stating  that  it  has  a  good  sub- 
scription for  the  money  it  needs  and  with 
the  amount  asked  it  can  complete  the 
building  without  debt. 

Now,  it  seems  evident  under  such  cir- 
cumstances that  the  application  to  the 
Board  is  not  to  enable  a  church  to  com- 
plete a  church  home,  which  otherwise  they 
would  be  unable  to  obtain,  but  is  really  a 
request  that  the  Board  should  subscribe 
$1,000  towards  their  new  and  promising 
enterprise. 

But  it  is  perfectly  evident  that  such 
subscriptions  under  such  circumstances 
are  entirely  outside  of  the  sphere  of  the 
Board.  It  was  not  organized  to  render 
any  such  service;  but  simply  "to  aid  fee- 
ble churches  "  in  the  erection  of  houses  of 
worship.  Its  sphere  is  distinctly  limited 
to  those  churches  that  without  aid  would 
be  unable  to  obtain  any  adequate  church 
home,  or  would  be  delayed  so  long  in  its 
attainment  as  to  imperil  their  existence. 

It  seems  to  us  clearly  apparent  that  any 
church  able  to  raise  a  subscription  of 
$8,000,  or  $9,000  can  erect  a  house  of  wor- 
ship that  will  reasonably  well  accommodate 
its  congregation  and  answer  their  needs. 
24 


Even  if  it  seem  expedient  to  incur  an 
expense  of  $10,000,  in  some  way  the  extra 
$1,000  can  be  provided  without  turning  to 
a  Board  that  has  more  than  it  can  do  to 
respond  to  the  needs  of  infant  missionary 
churches.  Debts  are,  of  course,  to  be  de- 
precated and  avoided ;  and  even  a  debt  of 
$1,000  is  in  a  degree  objectionable.  But 
a  debt  to  that  amount  upon  a  $10,000 
building  is  by  no  means  crushing  or  even 
in  proportion  to  other  expenses  a  very 
heavy  weight.  We  advise  against  it,  but 
we  certainly  must  add  that  it  is  better 
than  to  draw  from  the  inadequate  treasury 
of  the  Board.  If  debt  is  insufferable  the 
alternative  for  any  congregation  building 
a  $10,000  edifice  is — not  to  apply  to  the 
Board — ^but  to  build  a  $9,000  edifice. 

We  speak  of  ^^  misapprehension^^  in  this 
matter  because  we  find  so  frequently  that 
churches  upon  being  asked  to  think  upon 
these  things,  reply  that  they  supposed 
it  was  the  province  of  our  Board  to  supply 
jast  such  deficiencies.  Indeed  we  have 
had  experience  of  a  church  in  possession 
of  a  beautiful  stone  building  that  cost 
$18,000  expressing  itself  as  seriously  ag- 
grieved because  the  Board  did  not  see  its 
way  to  make  a  subscription  toward  its 
addition  for  Sunday-school  and  church 
work. 

The  proposed  Loan  Fund  will  enable 
the  Board  to  loan  money  to  churches  that 
only  need  an  extension  of  time  to  com- 
plete from  their  own  resources  buildings 
such  as  we  have  described  and  will  thus 
accomplish  a  most  desirable  end ;  but  let 
it  be  remembered  that  so  far  as  grants  are 
concerned  the  province  of  the  Board  is 
simply  to  enable  congregations,  otherwise 
unable  to  obtain  a  church  home,  to  com- 
plete a  building  adapted  to  their  actual 
needs. 


1892.] 


The  Parsonage. 


25 


THE  PARSONAGE. 

BY  THE  REV.  A.  D.  ADAMS 
[From  the  Independent.] 

The  parsonage  is  important  to  perman- 
ent and  successful  church  work,  in  the 
first  place,  because  in  many  places  only  as 
one  exists  are  the  pastor  and  his  family — 
the  chief  workers  of  the  church — likely  to 
be  comfortably  and  conveniently  housed. 
It  would  be  a  sad  catalogue,  the  enumera- 
tion of  the  dugouts,  sod  houses,  shanties, 
stables,  rooms  over  stores  and  saloons, 
single  rooms  for  families  of  three,  four, 
five  or  more,  unplastered,  abundantly  ven- 
tilated shacks,  vermin-infested,  leaky- 
roofed  log  cabins,  etc.,  etc.,  into  which 
earnest,  consecrated,  refined  ministers  and 
their  wives  and  children  have  moved,  and 
where  they  have  tried  to  live  and  work 
for  the  church  and  its  Master. 

What  can  you  expect  a  pastor  to  do 
under  such  circumstances  ?  but  especially 
what  can  you  expect  a  pastor's  wife  to  do 
who  must  spend  her  time  and  discharge 
her  home  duties,  bear  her  children  and 
rear  them  under  such  circumstances? 
And  yet  we  have  again  and  again  furnished 
only  such  or  similar  circumstances  for  our 
home  missionaries  and  our  ministers  in 
many  of  our  self-supporting  churches,  and 
have  expected  that  they  would  do  full 
satisfactory  work.  Such  expectation  is, 
of  course,  unreasonable. 

A  minister,  a  man  endowed  and  equipped 
as  a  minister  should  be,  and  working  as 
he  does  for  the  spiritual  interests  of  men, 
how  can  he  be  expected  to  do  faithful, 
successful  work  if  he  be  not  housed  prop- 
erly :  indeed  not  so  well — as  has  many  times 
been  the  case — as  are  many  horses  in  this 
city  ?  A  man  must  himself  be  comfortable 
and  strong,  his  wife  and  little  ones  must 
be  protected  from  storm  and  wind ;  in  no 
danger  of  contracting  disease  and  being 
taken  by  death  through  the  inadequacy  of 
the  housing  which  he  or  any  other  human 
agency  should  provide,  if  you  expect  him 


to  be  in  such  condition  of  mind  and  heart 
as  to  do  the  work  of  the  Gospel  ministry. 

I  wish  in  closing  to  suggest  another 
value  which  the  parsonage  has  to  our 
churches,  a  value  of  which  perhaps  we  do 
not  often  think.  It  becomes  as  the  years 
go  by  a  very  treasure  house  of  sacred  asso- 
ciations. 

It  is  with  the  parsonage  as  with  the 
church.  An  old  church  is  in  some  re- 
spects better  than  a  new  one.  I  could  in- 
stance a  little,  old,  weather-beaten  build- 
ing in  our  State  which  is  a  very  Mecca  for 
sacredness  to  me.  Old  faces,  old  voices, 
old  scenes  crowd  that  room  whenever  I 
enter  it.  Purer  aspirations,  nobler  pur- 
poses fill  my  soul  as  I  step  out  across  its 
threshold.  The  elegant  new  church  that 
stands  beside  the  old  one  can  never  become 
so  sacred  a  place  for  me  as  the  old  one. 

Now,  what  the  church  edifice  gathers 
to  itself  and  transmits  from  year  to  year, 
the  same  in  almost  equal  measure  does  the 
parsonage  gather  to  itself  and  transmit. 
Its  walls  become  fragrant  with  the  aroma 
of  godly  living  and  example.  It  is  from 
year  to  year  the  center  of  th«  best  social 
life  in  the  community  and  church.  Its 
altar — the  family  altar  of  the  prophet  and 
of  his  household — receives  the  morning 
and  evening  sacrifice,  and  is  scarcely  less 
important  to  the  church  than  the  church 
altar  itself.  In  the  country  village,  where 
stands  the  old  church  to  which  I  have  re- 
ferred, there  is  only  one  dwelling  that  is 
more  a  hallowed  place  to  me  than  the  par- 
sonage which  stands  beside  the  old  church. 
Old  faces,  old  voices,  old  scenes  crowd  it 
as  they  do  the  church. 

The  parsonage  becomes  to  a  people  like 
the  prophet's  chamber  to  the  Shunamite 
woman,  the  source  of  their  largest  joys, 
their  refuge  in  deepest  sorrows. 

Now,  I  say,  that  no  church  can  afford — 
especially  as  the  investment  is  a  financially 
paying  one  as  a  constant  increment  to  the 
income  of  the  church — no  church  can  af- 


26 


How  One  Church  is  to  be  Built. 


[July. 


ford  to  be  without  a  parsonage  and  so  lose 
these  precious  treasures  which  little  by  lit- 
tle are  added  to  it.  The  rented  houses — 
in  most  cases  unsuitable — inconveniently 
located  and  arranged,  now  here,  now  there, 
and  then  yonder,  in  successive  pastorates, 
cannot  gather  and  garner  these  sacred  as- 
sociations and  memories  as  a  parsonage 
can.  Much  of  a  pastor^s  influence,  much 
of  the  influence  of  his  family,  not  only 
during  the  time  of  service  but  during  suc- 
ceeding years  is  lost,  dissipated,  through 
the  lack  of  a  prophet's  house. 

On  many  of  our  mission  fields  I  am 
sure  it  would  be  wise  even  to  build  the 
parsonage  first  and  the  church  afterward ; 
but  the  church  which  has  its  edifice  for 
worship  certainly  ought  in  its  own  inter- 
ests, for  its  own  work  as  well  as  for  its 
love  to  those  who  are  faithfully  serving  it, 
to  rise  again  and  build. 

— Church  Buildiug  Quarterly, 


HOW     ONE     CHURCH     IS    TO    BE 

BUILT. 

We  call  tHe  attention  of  our  readers  to 
the  extract  given  below  from  a  very  inter- 
esting letter  from  the  Rev.  J.  T.  H. 
Waite,  Dorchester,  Ga.,  the  veteran  mis- 
sionary (white)  to  the  Freedmen  and  pas- 
tor for  many  years  of  the  Medway  Church 
one  of  the  largest  of  our  churches  among 
the  colored  people  of  the  South.  In  a 
previous  letter  the  writer  has  spoken  of  the 
fact  that  the  church  was  no  longer  per- 
mitted to  use  a  building  of  another  de- 
nomination which  they  have  occupied  for 
years. 

"  In  reply  to  your  inquiries  about  the 
Church  Building :  I  answer,  our  great  con- 
gregation will  be  almost  houseless  after 
April,  for  the  reason  I  wrote  you.  We 
will  have  to  attach  some  bush  arbors  to 
the  side  of  the  school  house,  while  build- 
ing. Yesterday  we  contracted  for  the 
necessary  seating  and    needed  repairs  on 


the  school  house,  and  it  will  take  more 
money  than  the  poor  people  can  spare 
from  their  family  necessities.  One  old 
Elder,  75  years,  brought  the  only  dollar 
he  had,  and  said  he  owed  it  to  a  neighbor, 
but  he  would  try  to  work  out  the  debt. 
A  Deacon  said,  ^'  lam  working  out  a  debt, 
and  my  son  is  working  out  a  debt,  and  I 
hav'nt  a  nickle  to  my  name;  and  I  don't 
know  how  to  get  my  dollar,  and  my  wife's 
half,  and  my  children's  halves;  I  suppose 
the  girls  will  have  to  go  to  the  rice 
marsh."  This  is  the  general  condition  of 
the  people  in  this  hardest  of  years.  Their 
money  crop  was  cotton.  Cotton  on  these 
poor  lands  only  pays  when  sold  at  10  cents 
per  pound  lint;  but  the  numerous  crops 
in  the  more  favored  states  reduced  the 
price  below  the  cost  of  production.  It 
did  not  realize  here  an  average  of  $5.00  an 
acre.  The  rice  crop  did  promise  well 
last  summer,  but  it  was  ruined  by  late 
floods,  and  the  people  have  but  little  land 
adapted  to  it.  I  see  but  little  hope  for 
the  freedmen  of  this  county  (sea  coast) 
with  all  their  will  and  energy  ever  to 
better  their  condition.  As  to  the  new 
church,  this  is  what  they  can  do,  and 
will  do;  they  can  give  their  labor;  they 
will  go  into  the  woods  and  cypress  swamps, 
and  rive  out  the  pine  shingles  and  put  up 
the  frame,  and  put  on  the  roof  of  a  house 
of  God  for  a  1,000  people.  To  pay  the 
carpenters  for  framing  will  put  them  in 
debt  beyond  a  year.  Now  if  the  Board  of 
Church  Erection  will  weather  board  the 
building  and  floor  it,  and  put  in  the  doors 
and  windows,  and  beg  old  pews  for  us, 
and  tell  us  they  will  do  it,  it  will  make  us 
very  happy,  and  encourage  my  men  to 
jump  to  the  work  with  a  shout.  Last 
Sabbath  when  I  hinted  that  you  might  do 
it,  there  was  a  joyous  excitement  at  once ; 
one  brother  rose  and  proposed  a  vote  of 
thanks  to  you  and  me,  and  all  responded 
promptly,  ''  We  will  do  what  you  promise 
us  to  do." 


COLLEGES    AND    ACADEMIES. 


PRINCIPLES. 

The  attention  of  the  Church,  especially 
of  individaals  who  may  have  means  to  be 
invested  in  Christian  educational  work,  is 
invited  to  the  following  statement  of  the 
principles  which  govern  the  Board  in  deal- 
ing with  applications  for  aid. 

1.  OWNERSHIP. — Ownership  and  control 
of  institutions  expecting  aid  must  be 
vested  in  an  ecclesiastical  corporation  bie- 
longing  to  our  own  denomination :  or  in  a 
board  of  trustees  annually  elected  or  nom- 
inated by  such  an  ecclesiastical  corporation ; 
or  in  a  board  of  trustees,  two-thirds  of 
whose  members  shall  be,  by  stipulation  in 
in  the  charter  or  articles  of  incorporation, 
members  of  the  Presbyterian  Church  in 
the  United  States  of  America. 

2.     DETERMINING    SITES. — The     act    of 

Oeneral  Asembly  constituting  the  Board 
directs  it  "To  cooperate  with  local  agen- 
cies in  determining  sites  for  new  institu- 
tions." It  should  be  consulted  before  any 
projected  institution  expecting  its  moral 
or  finacial  aid  is  located.  Its  wide  outlook 
over  the  entire  field,  and  its  years  of  obser- 
vation and  experience,  fit  it  to  counsel 
profitably  for  the  interests  both  of  the  in- 
stitution and  of  the  educational  work 
of  the  whole  Church. 

3.  SELECTING  INSTITUTIONS. — The  Board 
is  also  "  To  decide  what  institutions  shall 
be  aided."  The  territory  is  vast;  com- 
munities needing  Christian  schools  are  in- 
numerable; local  offers  of  land,  buildings, 
cash  for  starting  schools  multitudinous; 
the  Board's  resources  are  limited;  the 
multiplication  of  small  colleges  and  schools 
cannot  easily  outrun  the  need,  but  has  al- 
ready outrun  the  Church's  contributions 
for  their  aid.  It  will  be  guided  in  part 
by  the  following  considerations : 


( 1 . )  Relative  Location . — Remoteness 
from  other  Christian  schools  and  from 
state  institutions  is  a  claim.  Ordinarily 
but  one  Presbyterian  College  is  needed  in 
a  state  until  the  Presbyterians  of  the  state 
can  support  that  and  aid  a  new  one  besides. 
No  academy  in  the  vicinity  of  another 
Presbyterian  school  will  be  aided. 

(2.)  Population. — To  preempt  for  the 
Church  strategic  points  which  are  to  be- 
come influential  centers  is  sound  policy; 
yet  neither  may  sanguine  expectations  of 
new  settlers  be  always  accepted  as  pro- 
phecies of  future  greatness,  nor  may 
places  already  populous  and  growing  be 
neglected. 

(3.)  Property  Foundation, — A  few 
acres  or  city  lots  (easily  obtainable  in  new 
communities,)  and  a  little  cash  for  build- 
ings, are  not  sufficient  foundation.  The 
idea  that  if  a  start  be  made,  however,  in- 
adequate, the  great  Presbyterian  Church 
will  do  the  rest,  is  a  mistaken  one.  Givers 
give  by  preference  to  that  well  begun  which 
is  half  done,  and  the  Board  must  consult 
their  wishes.  A  new  institution  should 
have  a  property  foundation  sufficient  to 
assure,  with  moderate  aid  from  the  Board, 
the  meeting  of  its  annual  expenses  at  the 
outset.  No  new  institution  having  in- 
debtedness may  expect  current  aid ;  but 
the  Board  will  try,  in  cases  of  exceptional 
merit,  to  aid  in  removing  the  debt. 

{4:.) Local  Interest. — Land  and  cash  off- 
ered as  real  estate  speculation,  with  no 
vital  local  interest  in  a  Christian  school, 
do  not  invite  the  Board's  aid;  for  the 
Board  expects  at  its  utmost  giving,  not 
to  provide  all  or  one-half  what  will  be 
needed  eventually,  but  only  to  stimulate 
by  its  offers,  as  the  school  commends  itself 
to  the  community  by  its  work,   that  local 

27 


28 


Prindplea —  Consecration. 


[July. 


giving  which  must  be  its  main  reliance. 
The  Board  has  settled  policy  to  help  insti- 
tutions which,  by  a  local  spirit  of  fostering 
generous  aid,  have  promise  of  large  future. 
The  Lord's  money  must  be  invested  by  its 
steward,  the  Board,  where  the  largest  re- 
turns are  probable. 

(5.)  Educational  Work.-The  Board  is 
set  to  aid  colleges  and  academies,  not  low 
grade  schools,  and  to  foster  classical  study 
which  grammar  and  high  schools  rarely 
provide.  Yet,  where  an  academy  can  in- 
crease income  and  draw  pupils  to  advanced 
studies  by  teaching  lower  or  commercial 
branches,  and  when  a  college  can  yicrease 
income  and  lead  students  on  into  its  col- 
lege courses  by  doing  preparatory  work, 
this  is  approved.  But  in  all  institutions 
to  be  aided  by  the  Board  a  high  and  rising 
grade  of  educational  work  is  expected. 

(6.)  Spiritual  Influence. — Our  institu- 
tions are  meant  to  convert  the  unconverted 
and  to  consecrate  Christians.  Schools 
with  consecrated  teachers  doing  their 
work  in  a  missionary  spirit;  with  daily 
worship,  young  people's  societies,  and  a 
total  life  that  influences  pupils  toward 
Christ,  and  young  men  toward  the  min- 
istry; have  large  claim  for  aid.  The 
highest  educational  work,  lacking  this 
element,  has  no  claim  upon  the  Church's 
funds. 


(7.)  Bible  Teaching.— The  Word  of  the 
Lord,  which  converts  the  soul,  makes 
wise  the  simple,  rejoices  the  heart,  and 
enlightens  the  eyes,  must  be  taught  in 
every  school  aided  by  the  Board.  It 
must  be  a  chief  text-book.  It  must  be 
taught  to  every  scholar.  The  Board,  be- 
lieving that  Bible  study  is  the  chief  thing, 
purposes  to  secure  more  thorough  Bible 
work;  perhaps  requiring,  for  instance, 
Bible  instruction  of  every  student  at  least 
three  hours  a  week  for  one  term  of  each 
year;  the  life  and  teachings  of  our  Lord 
the  leading  study;  the  whole  Bible  studied 
during  the  course.  Teaching  the  evidence 
of  Christianity  is  not  sufficient;  Christian- 
ity itself  must  be  taught.  Schools  doing 
superior  Bible  work  have  superior  claim 
upon  the  Board's  aid. 

(8.)  Cfiange  of  Name. — An  institution 
having  aid  from  the  Board  as  an  academy 
may  not  change  its  grade  to  that  of  a  col- 
lege without  the  previous  consent  both  of 
its  synod  and  of  the  Board. 

(9.)  Solicitation  of  Funds. — The  rule 
of  the  Board  on  this  point  will  be  en- 
forced. Solicitation  outside  of  an  insti- 
tution's synod  or  Presbytery  may  be  made 
only  by  the  Board. 

(10.)  New  institutions  must  not  expect 
aid  before  they  have  been  visited  by  the 
Secretary. 


A  young  lady  dedicated  herself  to  the  Lord 
and  expected  to  go  to  the  perishing  women  of 
China,  when  suddenly  she  injured  her  hip 
and  became  lame,  thus  unfitting  herself  for 
field  work.  In  great  sorrow  she  went  to  the 
Lord,  and  one  stormy  night  it  seemed  as 
though  a  voice  said  to  her  ^^  send  others.*^ 
She  said  **  Oh  Lord,  how?  I  have  no  money." 
Then  came  the  answer,  *^work  for  it,"  and 
she  began  printing  little  books  by  hand,  sell- 


ing them  at  five  cents  and  as  she  attended  the 
meetings  at  Ocean  Grove,  several  ladies 
bought  of  ter,  and  one  told  a  friend  of  her 
desire  and  work.  This  friend  suggested  mak- 
ing little  book  marks  of  ribbon  with  a  verse 
of  Scripture.  They  were  sold  quickly  and 
the  result  is :  One  missionary  and  two  Bible 
readers  in  the  field.  Thus  she  has  been  en- 
abled to  more  than  fill  her  place  in  the  foreign 
field. — Record  of  Christian  Work. 


FOREIGN    MISSIONS. 


ACTION  OF  THE  BOARD  OF  FOR- 
EIGN MISSIONS,  MAY  21,  1892. 

The  Committee  on  China  reported  with 
reference  to  the  Chinese  Exclusion  Bill 
as  follows : 

With  reference  to  the  bill  recently  pas- 
sed by  Congress  for  exclasion  of  the  Chi- 
nese from  this  country,  the  Board  of 
Foreign  Missions,  expressing  regret  for 
various  features  of  the  Bill  (as  its  strong 
discrimination  against  a  particular  race 
and  exclusion  of  testimony  by  members  of 
that  race,  while  admitting  that  of  others 
no  worthier  of  credence)  but  not  undertak- 
ing to  pass  judgment  on  any  necessity 
which  may  have  seemed  to  compel  the 
l>a83ago  and  hasty  signing  of  such  a  bill ; 
does  yet  desire  to  express  the  hope  that 
the  law  will  be  administered  in  the  most 
lenient  possible  spirit.  This  not  merely 
out  of  regard  to  the  large  interests  of 
American  missionaries  in  China,  which 
might  be  imperiled  by  hostility  arising 
from  such  legislation ;  but  also  out  of  re- 
gard to  the  rights  of  a  friendly  nation, 
ai>d  the  honor  and  character  of  our  own 
Oovernment. 

The  Report  was  adopted. 


Some  of  the  facts  and  principles  which 
enable  the  China  Inland  Mission  to  send 
out  so  many  missionaries  in  proportion  to 
its  income  are  these : 

(1)  Individual  churches  assume  each  the 
support  of  a  missionary,  and  the  mission- 
ary depends  on  the  plighted  faith  of  that 
church.  If  there  is  delinquency,  the  mis- 
sionary waits.  This  brings  a  strong  pres- 
sure to  bear  on  the  church  conscience. 

(2)  Many  individuals  who  remain  at 
home  send  each  a  substitute,  bearing  his 
full  expense.     This  excellent  plan  enables 


many  a  man  or  woman  who  has  means, 
and  at  the  same  time  has  conscience 
toward  Christ  and  His  kingdom,  to  solve 
the  problem  of  duty.  It  is  also  found  to 
be  a  privilege. 

(3)  There  are  over  forty  China  Inland 
missionaries  who  support  themselves. 
These  are  cases  in  which  persons  of  means 
pursue  the  still  better  course  of  going  in 
person.  Would  that  there  were  scores 
who  would  go  thus  under  the  auspices  of 
the  Presbyterian  Board ! 

(4)  Some  of  the  China  Inland  mission- 
aries partially  support  themselves — ^using 
such  means  as  they  have.  This,  too,  is 
laudable.  It  is  a  far  better  plan  than  to 
partly  support  oneself  by  engaging  in  some 
kind  of  business.  That  leads  to  scandal 
and  demoralization. 


We  believe  that  it  is  along  some  of  the 
lines  thus  illustrated  by  the  China  Inland 
Mission  that  the  older  missionary  organi- 
zations, and  our  own  among  the  rest,  are 
to  learn  some  practical  lessons. 

We  are  making  a  good  beginning,  but 
the  wealth  of  the  church  is  not  yet  touched. 
Many  churches  are  assuming  the  support 
of  a  missionary,  and  they  are  surprised  at 
their  ability  and  the  happiness  and  bless- 
ing which  it  thus  affords.  Some  of  these 
churches  are  far  from  being  wealthy.  They 
show  what  can  be  done.  Their  number 
should  be  multiplied  by  a  hundred. 

The  Christian  Endeavor  Societies  are 
also  being  grouped  together  in  the  support 
of  missionaries.  The  plan  works  well,  and 
should  be  extended  until  all  such  societies 
are  reached. 


The  experience  and  observation  of  mis- 
sionaries among  the  Maoris  of  New  Zea- 
land, would  seem  to  lend  emphasis  to  the 

29 


30 


Foreign  Mission  Notes, 


[July, 


idea  that  among  some  races  at  least  com- 
mon sense  teaching  in  regard  to  the  every- 
day interests  of  common  life  must  be  an 
important  missionary  factor.  The  adjust- 
ments of  savage  tribes  to  modern  civiliza- 
tion, unless  carefully  directed  by  Christian 
philanthropy,  often  involve  fearful  loss  of 
life.  Evidently  mere  civilization,  in  the 
sense  of  supplying  modern  improvemenU, 
is  not  likely  to  meet  all  the  wants  of  simple 
tribes.  An  appalling  death  rate  is  said  to 
be  produced  among  the  Maoris  by  the 
"insane  use  of  European  articles  of  dress." 
A  Maori  woman  visiting  town,  parades  the 
streets  muffled  to  the  eyes  in  flannels  and 
furs,  rugs  and  wraps  of  every  description. 
Returning  home,  these  are  all  cast  aside 
and  replaced  by  a  thin  cotton  bodice  and 
a  chintz  petticoat.  So  with  the  men;  a 
thick  woolen  shirt  to-day  and  a  fancy 
blanket  worn  for  show  on  a  visit  to  town, 
to-morrow;  and  perhaps  through  the  in- 
tervening night,  a  thin  cotton  garment. 
Overcoats  are  chiefly  worn  in  warm 
weather.  Evidently  the  Maoris  are  chil- 
dren of  the  simplest  grade,  and  missionary 
work  must  assume  a  parental  character. 


Who  can  fathom  the  buried  civilizations 
of  the  Dark  Continent  ?  Mr.  J.  Theodore 
Bent,  an  English  explorer,  has  discov- 
ered in  Mashonaland,  one  of  England's 
newly  acquired  possessions,  very  remark- 
able  archaeological  ruins  unknown  hitherto 
by  Europeans.  He  found  relics  of  a  high 
civilization,  and  some  of  the  largest  and 
most  striking  ruins  in  the  world.  The  re- 
mains of  a  large  phallic  temple,  surrounded 
by  an  elaborate  system  of  inferior  build- 
iugs,  would  indicate  that  the  buried  civi- 
lization was  not  of  the  highest  character, 
and  probably  ought  to  have  been  buried 
even  deeper  than  it  was. 


Bishop  Ireland  in  *this  country,  namely  : 
An  influence  which  relaxes  somewhat  the 
stiff  inflexibility  of  Papal  conservatism. 
Cardinal  Lavigierie's  sympathies  have  been 
leaning  more  and  more  to  the  Bepublic  as 
against  the  Legitimists ;  and  the  fact  that 
the  Pope  has,  to  a  greater  or  less  degree, 
approved  of  his  conduct,  is  interpreted  as 
an  evidence  that  the  Papacy  is  not  too 
blind  to  see  the  trend  of  modern  thought. 
Indeed,  the  Papacy  has  long  been  remark- 
able for  two  directly  opposite  tendencies, 
one,  its  immovable  conservatism,  the  other, 
in  spite  of  this,  a  skillful  adaptation  to 
circumstances  and  new  demands.  To  ex- 
plain how  these  are  reconcilable  would  be 
a  diflicult  task. 


The  Christianity  of  Great  Britain  stands 
relatively  high  in  regard  to  benevolence  of 
all  kinds,  and  especially  in  its  missionary 
spirit.  Contributions  to  some  of  the  great 
missionary  societies  are  noble,  relatively^ 
as  we  said,  but  they  fall  woefully  short  of 
the  expenditures  of  the  English  people 
in  various  forms  of  luxury.  For  exam- 
ple: The  amount  received  by  Government 
as  duty  on  imported  alcoholic  liquors — to 
say  nothing  of  those  manufactured  at  homo 
— is  over  $24,000,000;  from  duties  on  tea, 
over  $17,000,000 ;  on  tobacco,  $50,000,000. 
When  shall  Christianity  and  the  great  con- 
cerns of  Christ^s  kingdom  become  supreme? 
Not  yet  is  holiness  inscribed  on  the  bells 
of  the  horses. 


Cardinal  Lavigierie  seems  to  be  exert- 
ing in  France  much  the  same  influence 
that  is  accredited  to  Cardinal  Gibbons  and 


It  is  a  noticeable  fact  that  in  Bohemia, 
the  three  hundredth  birthday  of  the  mar- 
tyr Hubs  has  been  celebrated  both  by  Prot- 
estants and  by  liberal  minded  Roman  Cath- 
olics. The  latter  have  celebrated  his  three 
hundredth  anniversary  as  the  *'  Teacher 
of  the  Nations."  The  first  flag  that  floated 
out  on  the  early  morning  was  one  on  the 
Jesuits'  Church.  The  authorities  seem  to 
have  shown  little  sympathy  with  the  fes- 
tivities, but  the  citizens  of  whatever  faith 


1892.] 


Seneca  Indians — Missionariea^  Duties. 


31 


manifested  an  irrepressible  determination 
to  honor  the  renowned  martyr,  whose  in- 
fluence lighted  np  a  dark  century  of  the 
the  past. 

An  important  step  forward  has  been 
taken  toward  the  intellectual  and  moral 
advancement  of  the  Indians  of  New  York 
State  by  the  recent  action  of  the  Depart- 
ment of  the  Interior,  admitting  the  youth 
of  both  sexes  from  the  Cattaraugus,  Tona- 
wanda,  Tnsoarora  and  Allegheny  Reserva- 
tions to  equal  privileges  with  those  of 
western  tribes  at  Hampton  and  Carlisle. 
For  several  years  the  problem  of  higher 
education  for  the  New  York  Indians,  has 
been  before  the  State  Superintendent  of 
Education^  as  well  as  the  friends  and  sup- 
porters of  the  Seneca  Missions.  Several 
years  ago  a  building  was  erected  for  a 
high  school  on  the  Tonawanda  Reservation, 
but  it  was  never  utilized.  '  Meanwhile, 
primary  schools,  at  first  of  an  indifferent 
character,  have  been  for  years  maintained 
by  the  State.  Under  the  supervision  of 
Soperintentent  Draper  these  schools  were 
greatly  improved,  and  not  the  least  of 
their  improvements  was  in  the  moral 
character  and  general  elevation  of  the 
teachers  employed.  During  the  last  year 
Capt.  Pratt  of  Carlisle  was  led  to  admit 
about  twenty  youth  from  Western  New 
York  as  an  experiment,  the  general  ques- 
tion not  having  been  decided  by  the  Gov- 
ernment. The  plan  of  admitting  the 
New  York  Indians  has  long  been  upon  the 
mind  and  heart  of  our  estimable  Commis- 
sioner of  Indian  Affairs,  and  his  influence 
has  been  exerted  with  the  Department  of 
the  Interior  to  bring  about  the  desired 
result.  But  perhaps  no  one  has  labored 
harder  or  more  successfully  than  Rev.  W. 
S.  Hubbell,  D.  D.,  pastor  of  the  North 
Presbyterian  Church  of  Buffalo.  The  no- 
ble hearted  Oen.  Armstrong  of  Hampton, 
and  his  associate,  Rev.  Mr.  Frissell,  have 
also  been  earnest  in  their  efforts;    and  we 


are  sure  that  all  friends  of  the  Indians  in  the 
State  of  New  York  will  rejoice  that  the  way 
is  open  for  the  Indian  boys  and  girls  from 
the  Empire  State  to  the  number  of  one  hun- 
dred, if  need  be,  to  be  accommodated  in 
the  schools  which  are  under  the  direction 
and  receiving  the  support  of  the  Depart- 
ment of  the  Interior*  There  is  new  mo- 
tive now  for  adding  those  spiritual  influ- 
ences which  it  is  the  aim  of  the  Seneca  Mis- 
sion to  supply. 

Some  people  wonder  what  a  missionary 
finds  to  do.  Here  is  a  pen  and  ink  sketch 
of  a  day's  duties  from  real  life  in  Shan- 
tung:— ''I  might  just  give  you  a  list  of 
to-day's  experiences : — 

1.  Consulting  about  and  writing  three 
important  letters. 

2.  Deciding  upon  and  making  out  three 
written  contracts,  one  of  which  was  the 
shipment  of  Mr. 's  goods. 

3.  A  long  talk  with  an  old  helper  just 
leaving  to  go  to  work  with  Mr. . 

4.  Dismissing,  admonishing,  and  pray- 
ing with  a  boy  whom  I  sent  home  to  day 
after  five  years  in  school. 

5.  Hearing  men  who  wanted  to  borrow 
money. 

6.  Discussing  and  arranging  for  two 
helpers  to  look  after  persecuted  Christians. 

7.  Going  to  see  a  sick  woman  in  a  hos- 
pital. 

8.  Arranging  for  some  new  benches  in 
a  school-room. 

9.  Buying  a  clock  and  a  gong  for  a 
country  school. 

10.  Having  a  talk  with  some  girls  on 
their  way  to  the  High  School. 

11.  Hiring  my  conveyance  and  getting 
everything  ready  for  a  twenty-days'  trip; 
paying  out  money  to  various  persons,  etc. 

12.  Attending  to  the  wants  of  my  wife, 
who  is  sick  in  bed. 

This  is  by  way  of  excuse  for  such  an  un- 
satisfactory letter.  The  busy  people  are 
not  all  in  the  United  States  of  America. 


32 


Aid  to  Musions  by  Hon.  8.  Hirsch, 


[My, 


At  its  meeting  held  May  16,  the  Board 
of  Foreign  Mission  took  the  following 
action  in  regard  to  the  yaluable  services  of 
Honorable  Solomon  Hirsch,  U.  S.  Minis- 
ter at  Constantinople : — 

"  Letters  from  Rev.  D.  Stuart  Dodge, 
of  May  6,  and  Rev.  Henry  0.  Dwight,  of 
Constantinople,  April  20,  having  been 
presented,  calling  special  attention  to  the 
valuable  services  rendered  to  the  cause  of 
missions  in  the  Turkish  Empire  by  Hon. 
Solomon  Hirsch,  U.  S.  Minister  at  Con- 
stantinople, it  was  resolved.  That,  in  view 
of  the  large  interests  of  its  work  in  Syria, 
the  Board  express  its  high  appreciation  of 
the  promptness,  sagacity  and  perseverance 
with  which  Mr.  Hirsch  has  maintained 
the  rights  of  American  missionaries  against 
the  restrictive  measures  of  the  Sublime 
Porte,  relating  especially  to  mission  schools. 
The  intricate  and  somewhat  enigmatical 
procedure  of  the  Turkish  Government  has 
demanded  vigilance  and  unflinching  firm- 
ness, coupled  with  courtesy  and  diplomatic 
skill ;  and  these  demands  have  been  met 
in  an  eminent  degree  by  our  XJ.  S.  Minis- 
ter;' and  the  Board  is  happy  to  express  its 
appreciation  of  this  valuable  service  ren- 
dered to  the  missionaries  placed  under  his 
protection  as  citizens  of  the  United  States. 
Resolved,  That  a  copy  of  this  action  be 
forwarded  to  the  Department  of  State  at 
Washington." 

In  response  to  this  action  a  letter  has 
been  received  from  the  Department  of 
State,  signed  by  the  Assistant  Secretary, 
which  says:  ''It  has  given  the  Depart- 
ment pleasure  to  enclose  to  our  Minister 
in  Turkey  a  copy  of  your  letter  of  the  18th 
inst.,  commending  his  action  on  behalf  of 
mission  schools  in  that  Empire." 

Two  things  are  suggested  by  this  corres- 
pondence. First,  that  there  is  a  better 
understanding  than  formerly  between 
Christian  missions  and  the  diplomatic  rep- 
resentatives of  our  Government  on  the 


mission  fields.  Twenty  years  ago  there 
was  not  infrequently  a  degree  of  antago- 
nism on  the  part  of  ministerial  and  con- 
sular officials  in  some  of  the  missions,  and 
sometimes  a  complaint  from  the  mission- 
aries to  the  State  Department  became 
necessary.  American  missionaries  now 
have  many  occasions  to  rejoice  in  the  jus- 
tice and  fidelity  of  our  diplomatic  officials. 
Only  recently  a  very  cordial  letter  was 
received  from  U.  S.  Minister  Denby,  at 
Peking,  expressing  his  appreciation  of  a 
vote  of  thanks  sent  by  the  Board,  through 
the  State  Department,  for  his  efficient 
services  in  aiding  our  missionaries  in  the 
Shantung  Province.  A  second  considera- 
tion in  this  particular  case,  is  that  Mr. 
Hirsch  is  the  second  XJ.  S.  Minister  of  the 
Hebrew  race  whom  we  have  had  at  Con- 
stantinople, and  both  have  proved  emi- 
nently satisfactory  from  the  standpoint  of 
our  missions. 


The  Edinburgh  Medical  Missionary  Society 
held  a  very  successful  Jubilee  Commemora- 
tion by  several  meetings  from  the  12th  to  the 
18th  of  March,  The  speech  of  the  meeting, 
however,  was  that  of  Mrs.  Bishop  (Miss 
Isabella  L.  Bird.)  She  recalled  the  fact  that 
of  149  missionaries  with  British  diplomas  in 
the  Mission-field,  over  100  have  been  con- 
nected with  the  Edinburgh  Medical  Mission- 
ary Society  as  students.  She  mentioned  that 
in  two  years  of  travel  in  Central  Asia,  from 
which  she  lately  returned,  she  had  seen  41 
medical  missions,  and  she  gave  her  unquali- 
fied testimony  to  the  value  and  power  of 
every  one  of  them  as  an  evangelizing  agency. 
She  felt  more  than  ever,  on  her  return  from 
lands  where  the  missionary  had  scarcely  set 
foot,  the  disproportion  between  the  high  liv- 
ing to  which  Christian  people  in  these  lands 
have  become  accustomed,  and  the  slender 
contributions  they  make  to  the  spread  of  the 
Gospel ;  and  she  urged  with  great  earnestness 
the  need  of  greater  self-sacrifice — of  g^fts 
that  actually  were  sacrifices  of  comfort  for 
Christ's  sake. — Home  and  Foreign  Mission 
Record  (Scotland.) 


1892.] 


3It8sio7iH  Amovff  the  Indians. 


33 


Concert  of  Qpraget 
J'or  €5urc$  T57orft  @.6roab. 


JANUARY, 
FEBRUARY, 
MARCH,      . 
APRIL,    . 
MAY, 
JUNE,      . 
JULY,    .    Indiaot, 
AUGUST, 
SEPTEMBER,    . 
OCTOBER,     . 
NOVEMBER,     . 
DECEMBER, 


Qeneral  Revievir  of  Missions. 

Missions  in  China. 

Mexico  and  Central  America. 

.  Missions  in  India. 

Siam  and  Laos. 

.  Missions  in  Africa. 

Chinese  and  Japanese  in  America. 

.....     Korea. 

Japan. 

Missions  in  Persia. 

South  America. 

Missions  in  Syria. 


MISSIONS  AMONG  THE  INDIANS. 

DAKOTA    MISSION. 

Tankton  Agency,  South  Dakota:  on  the  Mis- 
souri River,  60  miles  above  Yankton,  station  occu- 
pied in  1869:  Miss  Abbie  L.  Miller;  Rev.  Henry  T. 
Selioyn;  native  helpers,  8;  organized  churches,  3; 
communicants,  ti24. 

Flandrbau,  South  Dakota:  on  the  Big  Sioux 
River,  40  miles  north  of  Sioux  Falls;  station  occu- 
pied in  1860;  Rev.  John  Eastman;  churches,  1 ;  com- 
municants, 105. 

Lower  Brule  Aobnct,  South  Dakota;  on  the 
Missouri  River,  80  miles  above  Yankton  Agency; 
station  occupied  in  1885;  churches,  2;  communicants, 
131. 

PiNB  RmGB  Agency,  South  Dakota:  300  miles 
west  of  Yankton  Agency;  station  occupied  in  1886; 
Rev.  John  P.  Williamson  and  wife;  Miss  Jennie  B. 
Dickson,  Miss  Charlotte  C.  McCreight;  outstations, 
3;  native  helpers,  8;  no  organized  church;  communi- 
cants, 17. 

PoPULR  Creek,  Mont.:  on  the  Missouri  River, 
70  miles  west  of  Fort  Buford ;  occupied  in  1880;  Rev. 
Edwin  J.  Lindsey  and  wife;  outstations,  2;  native 
helpers,  2. 

THE  NEZ  PERCE  MISSION. 

Lapwai:  Idaho;  Established  18B8;  Miss  Kate  C. 
McBeth. 

Kamiah:  occupied  1885;  Miss  Sue  L.  McBeth; 
temporarily  at  Mount  Idaho. 

Native  Ministers:  ICamiah,  Rev.  Robert  Williams; 
Umatilla,  Rev,  James  Hays;  Lapwai,  Rev.  Peter 
Lindsley;  Meadow  Creek,  Rev.  Enoch  Pond.  Evan- 
gelist, Rev.  Jceines  Hines.  Licentiates:  Kamiah, 
Robert  Parsons^  Moses  Monteith,  and  Caleb  Mc- 
Atee. 

SENECA  MISSION. 

Allegheny:  Allegheny  Reservation,  Western 
New  York;  Rev.  M.  P.  Trippe  and  Rev.  William 
Hall  and  their  wives;  seven  native  assistants. 

Substations:  on  Tonawanda,  Tuscarora,  and 
Coroplanter  Reservations. 

Uppbr  Cattaraugus:  Cattaraugus  Reservation, 
Western  New  York;  mission  begun,  1811;  transfer- 
red to  the  Board,  1870;  Rev.  George  Runciman  and 
wife. 


The  Chippewa,  Omaha,  Sac  and  Fox  Missions 
have  been  transferred  to  the  Board  of  Home  Mis- 
sions. 

missions    to    the    CHINESE  AND    JAPANESE    IN 
THE    UNITED    STATES. 

San  Francisco:  mission  begun  1852;  missionary 
laborers— Rev.  A.  J.  Kerr  and  wife;  Miss  Maggie 
Culbertson  and  Miss  M.  M.  Baskin;  three  teachers 
in  English ;  two  native  helpers. 

Among  the  Japanese:  E.  A.  Sturge,  M.  D.,  and 
wife;  one  native  superintendent  and  one  native 
helper. 

Oakland:  mission  begun  1877;  Rev.  I.  M.  Condit 
and  wife;  two  teachers. 
Portland,  Oregon:  Rev.  W.  S.  Holt  and  wife. 
New  York:  one  native  superintendent. 


AMONG  THE   DAKOTAS. 

Our  work  among  the  Dakota  Indians  has 
been  one  of  steady  growth.     The  church  at 
the  Yankton  Agency  was  organized  in  March 
1871  with  eighteen  members,  since  then  two 
churches  have  been  formed  within  a  radius 
of  fifteen  miles,  and  all  three  churches  have 
at  the  present  time  a  total    membership  of 
three  hundred  and  twenty-four.     Rev.  John 
P.  Williamson  has  had  charge  of  this  station 
since  it  was  permanently  occupied  in  1869. 
Twenty-eight  were  added  to  these  church- 
es during  the  past  year,  and  the  total  contrib- 
utions were  $675,  or  about  $2.00  per  member. 
Mr.  Williamson  has    removed    temporarily, 
during  the  past  year  to  the  Pine  Kidge  Agency, 
some  three  hundred  miles  to  the  west  of  Yank- 
ton, in  order  that  his  experience  aud  ability 
might  be  available  in  giving  an  impulse  to  mis- 
sionary interests  at  Pine  Ridge.   In  his  absence 
from  Yankton,  Rev.  Henry  T.  Selwyn,  one 
of  the  first  converts  in  that  Agency,  who  stud- 
ied theology  with  Mr.  W^illiamson  and  was 
ordained  in  1879,  has  had  charge  of  the  church 
and  its  varied  activiteis.     When  this  station 
was  first  occupied  there  was  no  school  there 
of  any  kind !   Among  2,000  Indians  there  was 
not  one  who  could  read  English,  and  only 
two  were  found  who  could  spell  out  slowly 
their  own  language.     The  school  was  started 


34 


Among  ihe  Dakotae. 


[J^y, 


and  now  the  majority  of  the  younger  mem- 
bers of  the  tribe  can  read  their  own  language 
and  many  also  understand  English.  A  gov- 
ernment Boarding  School  has  been  established 
there  recently  and  also  an  Episcopal  Boarding 
School  for  boys.  At  present  the  only  mission- 
ary there  is  Miss  Abbie  L.  Miller  who  has 
charge  of  the  school  and  the  general  care  of 
the  station. 

Fiandrau  and  the  Lower  Brule  Agencies 
are  distant  90  and  150  miles  respectively  from 
Yankton.  They  are  under  the  charge  of  na- 
tive pastors.  Rev.  John  Eastman  is  stationed 
at  Fiandrau,  he  is  himself  a  Fiandrau  Indian 
and  has  been  their  pastor  for  sixteen  years. 
His  work  is  accomplishing  much  in  the  line 
of  Christian  instruction  and  elevation  among 
the  members  of  his  parish.  They  have  a 
house  of  worship  which  is  secured  to  them 
by  deed,  the  only  instance  of  the  kind  among 
the  Dakota  Indians.  It  is  already  too  small 
and  they  have  commenced  a  fund  for  a  new 
church  building.  There  are  105  communi- 
cants upon  their  roll,  and  with  the  entire 
community  church-going  is  popular.  Their 
contributions  for  the  past  year  were  $429, 
a  little  over  $4 . 00  per  member.  In  the  I>o wer 
Brule  Agency  a  Presbyterian  Church  was 
organized  in  1887  with  25  members  and  it 
has  since  sent  out  a  colony  known  as  the  Red 
Hills  church,  fifteen  miles  distant,  with  31 
members,  and  in  both  churches  there  is  at 
present  a  church  membership  of  131.  A  na- 
tive Indian  preacher,  Rev.  Joseph  Rogers,  is 
their  pastor. 

Pine  Ridge  Agency,  whither  Mr.  William- 
son has  gone  for  a  time  at  least,  is  a  hard 
field,  where  there  is  as  yet  little  fruit.  This 
Agency  was  the  centre  of  the  famous  ^  ^  Mes- 
siah Craze  ^^  and  the  scene  of  the  fanaticism 
and  the  hostility  aroused  by  that  strange  and 
dangerous  delusion.  Wars  and  rumors  of 
wars  filled  the  minds  of  the  Indians  with  pas- 


sion, brutality,  and  superstition,  and  mission 
work  among  them  has  been  greatly  hindered. 
Mr.  Williamson  writes  that  he  **  hopes  to 
reach  the  heart-springs  of  this  people  after 
awhile;  the  Gospel  of  Peace,  and  the  Sword 
of  the  Spirit,  must  be  our  dependence.  There 
are  5,000  souls  here  for  whom  Christ  came  to 
earth  and  we  must  not  give  them  over  to  de- 
lusion. There  are  a  few  among  them  who 
greatly  encourage  us  by  their  steadfast  course, 
among  them  is  Fast  Horse  at  Wounded  Knee, 
and  Thomas  Good  Elk  at  Porcupine.  ^'  The 
Gospel  has  to  contend  not  only  with  ignorance 
and  superstition  and  the  fanatical  delusions 
which  periodically  take  possession  of  the  In- 
dian mind,  but  the  allurements  of  Wild-West 
Shows  have  now  begun  to  attract  the  cupidity 
and  exert  a  generally  demoralizing  influence 
oyer  all  who  participate  in  them.  The  outsta- 
tion  at  Porcupine  has,  however,  a  more  hope- 
ful outlook.  Miss  Dickson  and  Miss  McCreight 
are  located  there  and  remained  bravely  at 
their  post  through  all  the  dangerous  excite- 
ment of  the  recent  Indian  turmoils.  They 
have  a  congregation  of  20  or  30  legular  church- 
goers and  it  is  expected  that  a  regular  organ- 
ization will  be  formed  here  in  the  near  future. 

At  Poplar  Creek,  Montana,  Rev.  Edwin  J. 
Lindsey  and  wife  are  stationed,  where  the 
community  numbers,  all  told,  about  2,000 
souls.  The  motto  of  these  faithful  mission- 
aries is  a  model  one;  it  is,  ^^ These  2,000  In- 
dians for  Christ.  ^^  Mrs.  Lindsey  is  a  grand- 
daughter of  Dr.  Thomas  Williamson  who 
labored  so  faithfully  and  long. among  the  Da- 
kotas.  Their  plan  is  to  keep  the  house  of  God 
open  and  accessible  so  that  those  who  desire 
may  worship  at  any  time,  and  as  often  as 
possible  the  church  is  warmed  and  a  meeting 
is  organized. 

At  Deer  Tail,  one  of  the  outstations,  is 
an  Indian  evangelist  named  Moses  Merrow, 
who  is  a  grandson  of  the  first  full-blooded 


1892.] 


Among  the  Dakotas — A   Unique  Mission. 


36 


Indian  women  who  united  with  the  church 
in  the  early  days  of  the  Mission.  His  parents 
also  were  Christians  and  his  training  was 
Christian.  His  work  seems  to  be  growing 
and  soon  a  church  will  be  organized.  Mr. 
Lindsey  writes  in  a  sad  but  not  disheartened 
strain  of  the  many  difficulties  of  work  in  this 
special  community .  Hesajs:  ^^  The  devil  is 
the  popular  fellow  here  and  he  seems  to  have 
his  own  way.*^  The  particular  phase  of 
worldly  folly  which  seems  to  have  taken 
possession  of  the  Indians  in  this  vicinity  is 
dancing.  They  give  themeslves  up  to  this 
disgusting  amusement,  painted  from  head 
to  foot,  and  with  feathers  and  bells  and 
bracelets  they  dance  and  sing  until  exhausted. 

Tet  with  all  the  discouragements  which 
attend  mission  work  among  the  Indians, 
there  is  substantial  progress  as  will  be  found 
by  the  following  summary  taken  from  the 
Annual  Report  of  the  Board  for  1892 : 

**  The  origin  of  the  Dakota  Mission  dates 
back  to  1835,  when  Rev.  Thomas  8.  Wil- 
liamson, M.  D.,  Rev.  J.  D.  Stevens,  Elder 
A.  G.  Huggins,  with  their  wives  and  two 
other  ladies,  all  under  appointment  of  the 
A.  B.  C.  F.  M.,  entered  Minnesota,  and 
commenced  laboring  for  the  Dakotas  then 
living  in  that  State.  In  the  57  years  since 
past,  there  have  always  been  from  two  to  six 
ordained  missionaries  carrying  on  the  work 
then  begun;  seventeen  ministers  have  spent 
one  or  more  years  in  this  field,  unitedly 
making  about  250  years*  labor,  of  which  90 
years  were  expended  by  Rev.  Thomas  S. 
Williamson  and  Dr.  Stephen  R.  Riggs. 
In  their  work  they  have  been  supported 
by  a  large  number  of  assistant  mission- 
aries, and  latterly  by  a  still  larger  force  of 
native  preachers  and  helpers. 

**Ab  the  direct  outgrowth  of  the  Dakota  Mis- 
sion planted  in  Minnesota  in  1885,  we  now 
have  three  Dakota  Missions,  with  their  work 


located  principally  in  South  Dakota.  They 
are :  The  Dakota  Mission  of  the  Presbyterian 
Board  of  Foreign  Missions;  the  Dakota  Mis- 
sion of  the  Presbyterian  Board  of  Home 
Missions;  and  the  Dakota  Mission  of  the 
American  Missionary  Association.  We  should 
add  the  Mission  of  the  Dakota  Native  Mis- 
sionary Society.  Now  in  order  that  we  may 
thank  the  Lord  and  take  courage  in  our  mis- 
sionary work,  we  present  the  following  fig- 
ures, which  show  the  present  condition  of 
these  three  missions  in  the  church  line : 


Presby.  B'd  For'n  Hiss. . . 

"  Home    "     ... 

Amer.  Ml ssion'y  Society. . 


jd 
D 

6 
10 

7 


677 
688 

400 


a 
o 

1 


oi 


^^ 


•c 

$1,286  8 

1,800  18 

900  4 


9  — 

» 
7 
1 
12 


Total 23      1,660     $8,966    20       20 

*^  In  the  educational  line  there  is  also  much 
heing  done  by  these  missions,  especially  by 
the  American  Misssionary  Association  and 
the  Presbyterian  Board  of  Home  Missions.  ^' 


A  UNIQUE  MISSION. 
The  mission  of  the  Board  among  the  Nez 
Perce  Indians  is  conducted  by  two  sisters — 
the  Misses  McBeth.  Miss  Sue  L.  McBeth  con- 
ducts a  theological  class  and  trains  a  native 
ministry  for  the  Nez  Perces.  She  has  at 
present  seven  students  under  instructions. 
Three  licentiates  and  five  ordained  ministers 
are  in  active  service  among  the  native 
churches  of  the  reservation.  She  given  her 
instruction  entirely  in  the  vernacular.  As- 
sisted by  Mrs.  C.  Shearer,  a  resident  of  Mt. 
Idaho,  she  also  gives  religious  instruction  to  a 
class  of  women.  Miss  Kate  C.  McBeth  gives 
her  attention  to  a  Sabbath-school  of  877 
pupils  at  Lapwai,  and  to  missionary  visiting 
among  the  families  of  the  Indians.  She  has 
organiased  a  Christian  Endeavor  Society,  and 


36 


The  Year  Among  Uie  SeTieoaa — Padjio  Coast  Missions. 


[July, 


is  a  devoted  missionary  among  her  humble 
constituency. 

The  brave,  patient  and  cheerful  work  of 
these  sisters  is  attracting  the  support  and 
confidence  of  Christian  friends.  The  Woman^s 
Board  of  the  North  Pacific  has  become  cor- 
dially interested  in  the  success  of  this  mis- 
sion. The  present  Government  Agent  is 
thoroughly  efficient  in  his  methods,  and  the 
Government  School  at  Lapveai  is  in  the  best 
of  form  and  is  conducted  in  sympathy  with 
the  aims  of  missionary  education.  There 
have  been  21  additions  to  the  churches  during 
the  past  year. 


THE  YEAR  AMONG  THE  SENEGAS. 

Steady  and  painstaking  work  and  careful 
organization  make  up  the  record  of  our  mis- 
sion among  the  Senecas  during  the  past  year. 
Rev.  Wm.  Hall,  who  has  labored  for  58  years 
in  this  mission,  is  still  in  his  Master^s  service 
preaching  almost  every  Sabbath  at  Jamieson- 
town.  Rev.  M.  F.  Trippe  has  been  faithfully 
eng&ged  in  touring  and  preaching  among  the 
Indians  of  the  Allegheny  and  Tuscarora 
Reservations.  Native  assistants  have  labored 
in  various  localities.  The  total  number  of 
communicants  among  the  Senecas  is  382. 
There  has  been  an  addition  of  47  to  the 
church  during  the  year.  The  mission  desires 
to  express  its  thanks  to  several  friends:  to 
Mr.  Samuel  B.  Schieffelin  of  New  York  City, 
for  his  gift  of  valuable  hymn-books  and  other 
books  in  the  English  language ;  also  to  Capt. 
R.  H.  Pratt,  superintendent  of  the  Indian 
School  at  Carlisle,  for  his  kindness  in  assum- 
ing the  support  and  oversight  of  twenty 
Indian  children  of  the  Seneca  tribes ;  also  to 
Miss  Clara  F.  Guernsey,  of  Rochester,  for 
her  interest  in  the  mission  work;  and  last, 
but  not  least,  to  Rev.  W.  S.  Hubbell,  D.D., 
of  Buffalo,  for  his  untiring  interest  and  efforts 
in  behalf  of  the  rights  of  the  Seneca  Indians. 


OUR  PACIFIC  COAST  MISSIONS. 

Our  missions  to  the  Chinese  and  Japa- 
nese on  the  Pacific  coast  have  sustained  a 
great  loss  during  this  past  year  in  the 
death  of  Rev.  A.  W.  Loomis,  D.  D.,  who 
had  been  engaged  in  this  work  for  a  period 
of  thirty-two  years,  especially  among  the 
Chinese.  Dr.  Loomis  had  won  the  cordial 
esteem  of  all  who  were  familiar  with  his 
labors.  He  was  especially  beloved  by  the 
Chinese  communities  along  the  entire  Pa- 
cific Coast.  He  was  a  friend  of  the  China- 
man and  pleaded  his  cause  amidst  many 
difficulties  and  much  opposition. 

The  recent  Act  of  Congress,  in  passing 
the  stringent  Chinese  Exclusion  Bill,  has 
inaugurated  a  crusade  against  respectable 
and  worthy  Chinese  citizens,  and  is  con- 
ceived in  a  spirit  of  unfairness  and  intol- 
erance, which  is  strongly  incongruous  in 
a  country  like  ours,  which  boasts  of  her 
freedom.  Ttie  international  aspects  of  the 
law  are  also  highly  to  the  discredit  of  the 
courtesy  and  respect  for  treaty  obligations 
due  to  China  on  the  part  of  a  friendly 
Christian  power.  Just  how  the  new  law 
will  affect  the  status  of  resident  Chinamen 
does  not  yet  appear.  It  will  no  doubt 
give  rise  to  complications  and  embarrass- 
ments in  connection  with  missions  to  the 
Chinese  at  home  and  abroad.  Whatever 
our  Government  may  see  fit  to  do  with 
reference  to  the  Chinese,  it  is  plainly  the 
duty  of  the  Christian  Church  to  go  for- 
ward with  increased  earnestness  and  with 
all  Christian  sympathy  and  cordiality  in 
the  effort  to  convert  them  to  Christ  and 
make  them  intelligent  Christian  citizens 
of  our  country. 

At  San  Francisco  regular  Sabbath  ser- 
vices and  two  Sunday-schools  have  been 
maintained  under  the  special  direction  of 
Rev.  and  Mrs.  A.  J.  Kerr.  The  average 
Sabbath  morning  congregation  has  num- 
bered about  two  hundred.  A  Foreign 
Missionary  Society,  with  Chinese  young 
men  as  its  officers,  has  been  recently  or 


1892.] 


Pacific  Coast  Indiafis, 


37 


ganized  in  this  church  to  unite  with  a 
similar  organization  in  Oakland  to  support 
a  native  preacher  in  Canton.  One  mem- 
ber of  the  church  is  a  student  in  the  San 
Francisco  Presbyterian  Theological  Semi- 
nary. He  has  just  graduated  and  will  at 
once  enter  upon  mission  work.  The 
Loomis  Memorial  Presbyterian  Mission 
School  for  boys  and  girls  has  been  re- 
moved from  the  Globe  Hotel  to  a  more 
desirable  location  on  Stockton  Street. 
There  are  seventy-one  pupils  enrolled. 
The  school  has  been  made  a  memorial  to 
Dr.  Loomis,  who  was  its  faithful  friend 
and  supporter  while  living.  Miss  J.  E. 
Wisner,  formerly  of  Canton,  is  its  prin- 
cipal. 

At  Oakland,  Eev.  and  Mrs.  I.  M.  Condit 
have  labored  very  successfully  during  the 
year.  There  has  been  in  that  city  and  at 
many  other  places  on  the  Pacific  coast  an 
effort  to  carry  on  some  Christian  work 
among  the  resident  Chinese,  on  the  part 
of  Christian  ladies  who  have  given  much 
time  to  visiting  the  homes  of  the  natives. 

At  Portland,  where  our  General  Assem- 
bly has  met  this  year,  there  is  a  commun- 
ity of  about  3,000  Chinese,  and  in  Oregon 
and  Washington  they  number,  all  told, 
nearly  10,000.  Eev.  W.  S.  Holt  and  wife 
are  the  missionaries  of  our  Board  in  Port- 
land and  have  received  to  the  church  dur- 
ing the  year  eight  converts  from  among 
'  the  Chinese.  Among  the  features  of  the 
work  in  Portland  is  a  Chinese  Home  for 
women  and  girls,  similar  to  the  one  in 
San  Francisco  under  the  care  of  Miss 
Culbertson.  It  is  a  work  beset  by  many 
difficulties  and  anxieties,  but  during  the 
year  twenty  Chinese  women  and  girls  have 
been  helped. 

Among  the  Japanese  on  the  Pacific 
coast  a  special  work  has  been  done  at  San 
Francisco  under  the  care  of  E.  A.  Sturge, 
M.  D.,  and  wife  with  two  native  assistants. 
This  work  has  been  largely  among  young 
men.     Its   results  are    not    so  apparent 


locally,  but  have  been  scattered  abroad 
where  these  young  men  have  gone,  either 
in  our  own  country  or  in  Japan.  The 
following  extract  from  the  report  of  Dr. 
Sturge  will  give  an  idea  of  the  character 
and  the  results  of  the  work : 

'^  As  a  grape-vine  will  sometimes  climb 
over  the  enclosure  where  it  has  been  care- 
fully tended  and  bear  its  choicest  clusters 
on  the  other  side,  so  it  is  with  our  work 
here.  We  plant  and  water,  but  the  finest 
fruit  must  be  sought  on  the  other  side  of 
the  Pacific.  The  purpose  of  the  majority 
of  the  Japanese  who  come  under  our  care 
is  to  get  an  education  rather  than  to  ac- 
cumulate money,  and  having  accomplished 
their  purpose  they  return  to  their  beauti- 
ful island  home.  We  are  always  sorry  to 
have  our  boys  leave  us,  but  we  rejoice  that 
many  of  them  go  back  to  use  their  influ- 
ence for  the  advancement  of  the  Master^s 
cause.  At  the  present  time  four  of  our 
young  men  who  were  converted  while 
studying  here  are  practicing  as  Christian 
physicians  in  Japan.  A  few  of  our  former 
pupils  are  teaching  in  Japanese  schools; 
one  is  a  professor  in  the  Agricultural  Col- 
lege in  Osaka;  one  is  a  Christian  interpre- 
ter in  Honolulu,  and  two  are  evangelists 
among  their  own  people.  One  young  man 
formerly  an  elder  in  our  church,  will  grad- 
uate this  spring  from  the  Y.  M.  C.  A., 
training  school  at  Springfield,  Mass. 
Two  others  are  taking  the  regular  course 
in  the  Presbyterian  Theological  Seminary 
here.  All  these  in  time  will  tell  in  the 
good  work  in  Japan  and  Hawaii. 

'*  Two  of  our  former  members  have  writ- 
ten to  us  from  Japan  that  their  wives 
(through  their  influence)  have  recently 
accepted  the  Saviour  and  been  baptized. 
Unlike  the  Chinese  of  California,  who 
come  almost  exclusively  from  one  province, 
our  boys  come  from  every  part  of  the 
'  Sunrise  Kingdom,'  and  in  the  future 
their  influence  will  be  widely  felt  in  Japan. 
Though  the  Japanese  among  us  are  nearly 


38 


Noble  Work — Spiritual  Harvesting. 


[J^y, 


all  poor  and  obliged  to  support  themselyes 
by  working  in  familieB,  they  have  contrib- 
uted liberally  to  the  work." 

The  Japanese  Young  Men's  Christian 
Association  connected  with  the  church  now 
numbers  90  members.  It  is  proposed  to 
extend  this  work  if  possible  among  the 
Japaneae.  who  are  increasing  rapidly  in 
other  cities  of  the  Pacific  coast.  In  Port- 
land there  is  already  a  community  num- 
bering 500. 

The  following  statistics  of  the  work  of 
our  church  among  the  Chinese  and  Japan- 
ese in  America  will  be  of  interest. 

Ordained  missionaries,  3 ;  physician,  1 ; 
married  female  missionaries,  4;  unmar- 
ried female  missionaries,  5 ;  native  helpers, 
8;  churches,  4;  communicants,  345; 
added  during  the  year,  44 ;  girls  in  board- 
ing schools,  80;  day  and  night  schools, 
20 ;  pupils  in  day  and  night  schools,  1,011 ; 
total  number  of  pupils,  1,091;  pupils  in 
Sabbath-schools,  (>91;  students  for  the 
ministry,  4;  contributions,  ♦2,490.61. 

MISS  CULBERTSON  AND  HER 
NOBLE    WORK. 

Under  the  special  care  of  the  Occidental 
Board  in  San  Francisco  is  the  Chinese 
Mission  Home  of  which  Miss  Maggie  Cul- 
bertson  is  the  efficient  and  courageous 
superintendent.  The  object  of  this  Chris- 
tian enterprise  is  the  rescue  of  young 
Chinese  girls  from  the  perils  that  surround 
them  in  connection  with  that  shameless 
type  of  slavery  that  prevails  to  such  an 
extent  among  the  Chinese.  Miss  Culbert- 
son  has  not  only  given  attention  to  her 
duties  as  superintendent  of  the  Home,  bat 
has,  as  occasion  required,  envoked  the 
intervention  of  the  authorities  in  rescuing 
helpless  young  girls  from  the  clutches  of 
would-be  masters  and  securing  for  them  a 
refuge  in  the  Home.  About  350  have 
been  received  into  the  Home  since  it  was 
started,  and  during  the  past  year  there 


have  been  71,  many  of  them  being  young 
girls  under  16  years  of  age.  They  receive 
Christian  training  as  well  as  instruction  in 
industrial  pursuits.  The  building  now 
occupied  is  entirely  too  small  to  accommo- 
date tlie  inmates  and  has  been  most  incon- 
veniently crowded  throughout  the  year. 
Under  the  auspices  of  Children's  Work 
for  Children^  with  the  full  approval 
and  authorization  of  the  Board  of  For- 
eign Missions,  an  effort  is  about  to  be 
made  to  raise  six  thousand  dollars  during 
the  present  year  through  the  children  of 
our  Sabbath-schools  and  churches  towards 
the  amount  necessary  for  the  erection  of 
a  new  building  affording  ample  accommo- 
dations for  this  interesting  work.  It  is 
believed  that  local  subscriptions,  in  ad- 
dition to  this  six  thousand  dollars,  will  be 
furnished  by  Christian  friends  upon  the 
Pacific  coast  which  will  make  up  the 
needed  sum  for  the  erection  of  the  pro- 
posed building. 

We  commend  this  worthy  cause  to  the 
hearts  of  our  Sabbath-school  scholars. 
There  is  an  element  of  pathos  and  beauty 
in  this  rescue  work  of  children  on  behalf 
of  children,  and  we  trust  that  before  the 
year  has  ended  the  Chinese  Mission  Home 
will  be  assured. 


SPIRITUAL    HARVESTING    IN    SYRIA. 

The  spring  of  the  year  in  Syria  is  a  time  of 
bloom  and  growth  and  harvesting.  The  lat- 
ter rains  refresh  the  earth  and  in  the  late 
spring  the  ripened  products  of  the  soil  are 
gathered  before  the  rainless  and  arid  summer 
heat  comes  on.  It  is  thus  that  the  well 
known  proverb,  ^^  the  harvest  is  past  and  the 
summer  is  ended  ^*  becomes  so  suggestive  of 
opportunities  irrevocably  lost.  The  latter 
rain  of  spring  with  its  fructifying  power  has 
been  given  in  vain,  then  comes  the  scorching 
summer  and  the  fruitless  days  when  nature  is 
barren  and  all  hope  is  gone.     There  is  no  such 


1892.] 


Spiritual  Harvesting  in  Si/ria. 


39 


HABTEBTINO  ON   HT.    LEBANON. 

story  of    spiritual  failare  ia   the  cheeriag 
narrative  ot  an  April  tour  in  the  Tripoli  field 
reported  bj  Eev.  F.  W.  March  in  the  follow- 
ing aoconnt.     It  ia  rather  a  picture  of  a  gra- 
cious spring-time  of  spiritual  bloom  and  har- 
Tegt  which  is  not  inferior  in  its  own  realm  to 
the  brightest  glories  of  nature.     The   path- 
way o(  the  missionaryaa  he  went  from  village 
to  village  in  those    golden    April    days    was 
surrounded     by     fields    of    waving    grain 
where       the       seed      had       fallen      npon 
"good  ground"  and  was  bringing 
forth  its   "  hundred  fold,"  and  on 
every  aide  were  the  brilliant  wild 
flowers    bedecking  the  earth    with 
colors.     A  nobler  harvest,  however, 
was  w^ting  to  be  reaped  in  those 
fields  of  soul-culture  in   which  the 
missionary  labors ;  a  richer  coloring 
adorned  the  spiritual  landscape  from 
those  wild  flowers  of  the  heart  that 
bloomed  in  beauty  amidst  the  sur- 
roundings of   humble  village  life. 
There  were  fields  white  to  the  har- 
vest where  the  "good  seed  of  the 
Word "  had    been    sown,  and   tliat 
rough,  dull  soil  of  the  Syrian  nature 


which  to  an  ordinary  observer 
might  seem  to  bring  forth  only 
thorns  and  briars  and  thistles, 
was  blooming  with  the  charming 
colors  that  are  revealed  in  the 
Christian  character  when  the 
Gospel  bos  wrought  its  trans- 
forming work  in  love  and  power. 
The  narrative  speaks  for  itself: 

"My  first  Sunday  was  spent  at 
Hums.    There  was  on  audience  of 
250    persons.     The   church    could 
st'arcely  hold  Ihem  all  and  the  breth- 
ren are  now  raising  money  for  an 
enlargement  of  the  building,    five 
were  received  tolliecliurcb.    Eleven 
persona  came  from  Feiruzi,  a  Syrlac 
village  three   mllcB  east  of   Hums. 
On   Mondiiy   I   went  to  Feiruzi.  the   flrat  time 
I    had     visited    there.      There    is     but     one 
church  member  there,  hut  manyof  the  people 
are  enlightened  and  have  become   Protestants 
in    all    but   the   niimc,     A   young   woman  told 
me,  with  a  happy  face,  that  alie  hud  become 
a  Protestant,  tlie  only  one  in  her  family.     About 
two  yearj  ago  sbe  went  to  Hums  to  sec  Dr.  Har- 
ris about  her    eyes.     There    was    that    day,    as 
usual,  a  religious  service   before   the   clinic  and 
her  eyes  were  opened  in  more  senses   than   one. 
In  the  whole  village  there  are  not  more  than  three 
persona  who  can  read ;   yet  many   arc  eager   lo 
hear  the  Bible.     At  one  house  I   vldted,    before 


spiritual  ITarvesting  in  Syria.  {J'^^ly, 


^ have  «  remark  lo  offer,  "  and  then  quotes 

I  ^         a  passage  of   Scripture  or  repeats  Bonie- 

I  I        thing  he  remembers    of    the    sermon,  or 

makes  a  little  speech  of  his  OWD.  The 
boys  from  families  of  the  Greek  cfaurcb 
preach  to  their  parents,  some  of  nbom 
listen  and  others  rebuke  their  children, 
who  then  come  back  to  school  and  tell 
their  teacher  they  are  persecuted  for  right- 
eousness sake. 

We  greatly  need  aclmrcb  building  at  Ma- 
hardeh  but  it  cannot  be  erected  at  present 
owing  to  government  opposition.  The 
room  in  which  services  are  now  held  is 
about  18  ft.  by  20  ft.  in  size  and  the  audi- 
ence numbers  about  150  persons.  Some 
were  in  an  adjoining  room  and  many 
were  oulside  around  the  door  and  win- 
dows When  I  wished  to  slep  one  side 
to  baptize  a  baby  I  found  I  could  not  Stir 
from  my  place  being  shut  in  on  alt  sides 
THE  CITY  OF  HAMATH.  by  a  compact  msss  of  people. 

I  preached  on  a  Wednesday  evening  at 
I  liad  had  time  to  sit  down,   the  people  of  the     Harmarita  toanaudienceofaboutTS,  comprising 
house  said.  "Do  please  read    us   two   or   three     an  unusually  large  number  of  people  of  wealth 
chapters.  "    The  village  priest  is   one   of  those     and  Intelligence.     A  son  of  the  priest,  a  prom- 
who  are  Protestants  in  all  but  llie  name,    and   lie      inent  young  man,  has  just  come  out  as  a  Protea- 
received  me  most  cordially,  and    we    talked   to-       lant.     Two  of  the    Marmarila  Protestants    are 
getber,  for  a  time   upon    religious    topics    with      builders  and  it  is  generally  said  that  their  work 
perfect  harmony  and  sympathy,  closing  our    in-      ig  like  their  faith— strong  and  true      At  Ehar- 
terview  with  prayer.    The  son  of  the  priest  is     eibeh.  an  old  lady,  sister  of  the  priest,  was  re- 
priest  in  another  village  and  holds  views  similar     ceived  to  the  church.    The  people  of  the  Greek 
of  thoTO   of   hia  father.     Others   from    Feiruzi      church  were  scandalized  and  told  the  priest  he 
have  removed  to  neighboring  villages  and 
have  carried  the  truth  with  ihem.    Their 
bishop  called  on  me  when  I  was  in  Ha- 
math  and  I  returned  his  call. 

At  Hamath  I  could  not  spend  a  Sunday 
but  preached  lo  an  audience  of  about  one 
hundred  Wednesday  evening.  The  Boya' 
School  numbers  about  '0  and  the  older 
boys  attend  regularly  the  preaching  ser- 
vices on  Sunday  and  Wednesday  cveniiiga. 
I  noticed  tliat  eacli  boy  brought  with  him 
a  large  stick  which  he  laid  by  the  door 
and  when  the  service  was  over  each  boy 
took  his  stick  and  all  went  together.  I 
was  told  this  is  necesairy  for  defence 
against  the  boys  of  other  sects.  Many  of 
those  TO  boys  give  promise  of  becoming 
good  men  and  staunch  ProtestanlH, 

The  >[ahiirdeli  Boys'  School  Is  also  do- 
ing a  good  work.  Their  Sunday-school 
was  like  a  little  prayer  meeting.  They 
sit  witli  solemn,  earnest  little  faces 
and  one  after  another  rises  and  says:     "1  mission  chduch  at 


1892.] 


Called  of  God  Among  ike  Laos. 


41 


muU  talk  with  her.  But  his  talk  with  her  was 
rather  the  other  way,  for  he  believes  in 
his  heart  that  she  is  right.  One  brother  from 
Al  Kaimeh,  five  miles  away,  the  solitary  Protes- 
tant there,  was  present,  full  of  faith  and  zeal. 

I  spent  five  days  at  Amar,  delightful  days  they 
were,  or  rather  nights,  for  nights  were  the  time 
for  their  gatherings.  The  brethren  come  to- 
gether every  evening,  and  not  merely  when  a 
missionary  is  with  them.  They  sing  their  plain- 
tive native  tunes,  pray,  hear  the  Bible  and  an 
exposition,  discuss  the  subject  raised,  and  talk 
with  one  another.  The  Elder  said  to  me,  **0, 
how  happy  we  are.  Every  day  we  thank  God 
that  we  have  come  to  know  Him.  "  Often  times 
they  spend  the  whole  night  and  go  home  by  day- 
light. Fifty  or  more  attend  the  evening  gather- 
ings, some  of  them  of  the  Greek  church,  who  are 
anxiously  considering  the  great  question  of 
breaking  away  from  those  superatitions  and  cus- 
toms in  which  they  no  longer  believe.  Eight 
applied  for  admission  to  the  church,  of  whom 
one  was  received. 

One  dny  at  Amar.  I  lost  a  pocket  knife  and 
told  our  preacher  saying  it  must  have  dropped 


upon  the  street:  he  said:  "  Never  fear,  it  will  be 
found  and  brought  to  you,  for  there  is  not  a 
man  or  child  in  Amar  who  would  steal.  "  And 
so  it  turned  out.  It  was  brought  to  me  the  next 
day.  Government  officers  say  that  Amar  is  the 
the  most  remarkable  village  they  know  of.  for 
here  no  one  attempts  to  deceive  or  defraud  them. 
Vegetables  and  fruits  grow  at  a  distance  from  the 
the  village  untouched  by  any  save  the  owner.  A 
large  part  of  the  town  has  already  become  Prot- 
estant and  the  rest  is  thoroughly  leavened  witli 
Protestant  doctrine.  How  great  the  contrast  pre- 
sented by  another  village,  wholly  Greek,  where 
I  saw  the  priest  with  a  whip  in  his  band,  with 
which  he  was  accustomed  to  enforce  obedience, 
on  the  plea  that  the  people  could  be  moved  by  no 
other  argument ! 

We  receive  more  and  more  petitions  for 
new  schools  which  we  are  forced  to  decline, 
not  altogether  for  lack  of  funds  nor  for  fear 
of  interference,  but  chiefly  for  lack  of  men  to 
teach  and  preach.  There  is  no  other  one 
thing  for  which  we  pray  so  earnestly  as  that 
the  Lord  would  send  forth  laborers  into  His 
harvest. " 


CALLED  OF  GOD  AMONG  THE  LAOS. 


Rev.  D.  G.  Collins  of  Cheung  Mai  in  Slam 
sends  a  translation  of  a  letter  containing 
Christian  greetings  and  biographical  incidents 
from  Rey.  Nan  Tah  one  of  the  native  preach- 
ers among  the  Laos  tribes  whose  work  of 
itinerant  evangelism  is  being  especially  bless- 
ed. His  parish  for  his  preaching  tours  is 
about  one  hundred  miles  long  extending 
north  and  south  of  Cheung  Mai.  At  a  recent 
meeting  of  the  Laos  Presbytery  he  was  regu- 
larly set  apart  for 'this  special  service.  The 
Mission  writes  of  him  that  *Mt  is  a  great 
pleasure  to  report  that  he  has  been  faithful 
in  obeying  the  commands  of  Presbytery,  and 
that  during  tours  of  greater  or  less  duration 
he  has  been  permitted  to  baptize  many  adults 
and  children.  The  value  of  his  services  is 
above  computation.^* 

The  following  personal  incident  narrated  in 
the  letter  gives  a  graphic  and  artless  picture 
of  the  way  God  calls  a  soul  out  of  darkness 


and  ignorance  to  the  light  and  privilege  of  his 
service : 

^'Even  while  yet  in  the  tem^de  my  faith 
was  put  in  the  religion  of  the  divine  Jesus 
for  I  first  heard  of  this  religions  while  I  was  in 
the  pristhood.  On  asking  my  Buddhist 
teacher  what  else  there  was  for  me  to  learn, 
he  replied  that  there  was  nothing  more  that 
they  could  teach  me.  About  that  time  I 
heard  that  the  religion  of  Jesus  had  come, 
and  knowing  that  it  was  strange,  I  came  to 
inquire  about  it  of  Teacher  McGilvary.  He 
gave  me  a  book  and  on  reading  it  I  knew 
that  I  had  now  found  the  true  God.  I  then 
came  and  spent  three  years  studying  with 
Teacher  McGilvary,  but  had  not  yet  received 
baptism  when  the  late  chief  sought  to  kill  me, 
for  I  was  one  of  his  dependents.  On  being 
told  this  I  fied  alone  and  did  not  first  beg  to 
be  baptized  because  my  faith  was  yet  weak. 
My  wife  who  was  not  very  well,  I  left  on  the 


42 


A  Remarkable  Persian. 


[July, 


rice  farm  about  an  hour^s  walk  from  my 
home.  Proceeding  alone  I  fled  three  days 
through  the  forests  not  meeting  a  human 
being,  having  no  knife,  no  weapon  of  defence 
and  nothing  to  eat.  After  three  days  I  arrived 
at  a  small  village  where  I  procured  food. 

^^  I  then  went  to  Chieng  Hai.  Chieng  Toon, 
the  Shan  country,  the  Elaren  country  and  Bur- 
mah.  I  remained  roaming  in  other  countries 
for  ten  years.  At  the  end  of  that  time  on 
hearing  of  the  death  of  the  chief  who  sought 
to  kill  me,  I  returned  home  and  sought  the 
teacher  and  learned  from  him  until  I  was  ready 
to  receive  baptism,  and  indeed  to  this  time. 

'^  A  daughter  who  was  born  during  my 
absence  now  has  a  husband  and  child. 

*'  I  beg  that  you  will  pray  for  me." 


MIRZA  BAGIR. 

REV.  T.  L.  POTTKB,  TEHERAN,  PERSIA. 

There  recently  died  at  Teheran,  Persia,  of 
influenza,  a  remarkable  individual,  Mirza  Ba- 
gir,  (known  among  Europeans  by  the  name  of 
Baker)  whom  some  of  the  missionaries  in  In- 
dia, Syria  and  Egypt  may  remember,  and  who 
is  said  to  have  enjoyed  the  friendship  of  Can- 
on Taylor,  Max  Muller,  Dr.  Pfander,  the  late 
Bishop  French,  and  other  distinguished  men. 

He  was  a  native  of  Shiraz,  but  had  lived 
some  time  in  India  and  England.  In  the 
former  country  he  accepted  Christianity,  re- 
ceived baptism,  and  was  about  to  be  ordained 
to  the  Christian  ministry,  but  by  a  deeper 
study  of  the  Koran  was  led,  as  he  claimed, 
to  renounce  Christianity  and  returned  to  Is- 
lam ;  and  thus  he  became  a  jealous  advocate  and 
an  independent  missionary  of  Mohammedan- 
ism .  It  was  not,  however,  the  traditional  Islam 
which  he  held  but  rather  a  rationalistic  de- 
velopment of  it,  which  though  based  upon  the 
Koran,  used  great  freedom  in  the  interpreta- 
tion of  the  book.  Thus  in  Chap.  CVIII.  v.  1, 
it  is  said :  ^  ^  Verily  we  have  given  thee  Al  Kaut- 


Aar."  This  '^  Kauthar  "  is  generally  under- 
stood  to  mean  a  river  in  Paradise  of  that 
name,  and  equivalent  to  the  Christian  expres- 
sion, *•  *  the  river  of  the  water  of  life.  ^'  Mirza 
Bagir,  however,  reverting  to  the  etymological 
signification  of  the  word,  abundance,  made 
it  refer  to  people  and  translated  the  verse : 
*•  Verily  we  have  given  thee  the  great  multi- 
tude, "  then  he  triumphantly  added :  ^  ^  See  how 
wonderfully  this  prophecy  has  been  fulfilled ! 
Was  there  any  probabUity  at  that  time  (for 
this  is  one  of  the  earlier  Mekkan  suras)  that 
such  would  he  the  result  t  Behold  here  a  clear 
and  strong  argument  for  the  truth  and  divine 
authority  of  the  Koran ! " 

The  linguistic  attainments  of  the  man  were 
remarkable.  He  would  quote  the  Old  Testa- 
ment in  Hebrew,  the  New  Testament  in  Greek, 
and  the  Koran  in  Arabic,  and  was  wonderfully 
fluent  in  English  as  well  as  his  native  Persian . 
His  valuable  assistance  in  the  preparation  of 
Wollaston's  smaller  Engli&h-Persian  Diction- 
ary is  gratefully  acknowledged  in  the  preface, 
and  it  is  said  of  him :  *  ^  Not  only  was  he  fam- 
ilar  with  the  Arabic  and  Turkish  languages, 
which  supply  so  many  of  the  words  in  mod- 
ern use  in  Persia,  but  possessed  a  truly 
remarkable  critical  knowledge  of  his  own 
tongue." 

He  devised  a  composite  religion  which  he 
termed  *^  IsUmo-Christianity,  "  taking  certain 
elements  from  Judaism,  and  some  from  Chris- 
tianity, bat  still  founded  upon  Islam.  He 
admitted  the  inspiration  of  the  Old  Testament 
and  claimed  it  for  the  Koran,  but  denied  that  of 
the  New  Testament.  He  denied  also  the  di- 
vinity and  the  atonement  of  Christ,  and  seemed 
to  be  familar  with  the  whole  range  of  ration - 
listic  and  infidel  objections  to  Christianity 
and  the  New  Testament  Scriptures.  He  claim- 
ed that  the  Gospel  given  to  Jesus,  as  mentioned 
in  the  Koran,  was  the  good  news  in  the  pro- 
phecy of   Isaiah,  which  he  interpreted  in  his 


1892.] 


A  Remarkable  Persian — Line  of  Baiile  for  Missiona, 


43 


own  way.  Thus  he  would  take  the  58rd 
Chap.,  and  without  a  book  or  note  before  him 
correcting  the  English  translation  to  make 
it  agree  more  closely  with  the  Hebrew  accord- 
ing to  his  idea,  would  explain  it  as  referring 
to  Mohammed. 

Mirza  B&gir  published  in  England  certain 
English  tracts  setting  forth  his  peculiar  views ; 
in  one  of  which  he  describes  a  revelation 
granted  to  Mohammed.  He  speaks  of  it  as  a 
^*  Triune  Universum  ^'(d^au^s  body,  soul,  and 
spirit)  and  insinuates  that  it  is  the  original  of 
the  **  complex  doctrine  of  the  Platonic  phil- 
osophy— subsequently  manufactured  by 
Greek  divines  and  latterly  converted  by 
Roman  Pontiffs  into  what  is  called  the  Cru- 
saders* Trinity." 

This  remarkable  man  supported  himself  by 
giving  lessons  in  Persian  to  foreigners 
and  sought  pupils  in  Arabic  and  Hebrew 
whom  he  instructed  without  charge  and  to 
whom  he  endeavored  to  impart  his  peculiar 
interpretations  of  the  Koran  and  the  Old 
Testament.  His  influence  was  beginniDg  to 
be  felt  here  in  rationalistic  opposition  to 
Christianity,  and  doubtless  the  seed  he  had 
thus  industriously  sown  will  continue  to  bear 
such  fruit.  It  is  said  that  he  held  fast  * '  his 
own"  religion  without  wavering,  to  the  end. 
It  seems  strange  that  so  gifted  a  man  should 
have  been  permitted  to  come  thus  in  contact 
with  our  holy  faith,  and  as  it  were  to  taste 
the  good  word  of  God,  only  to  reject  and 
oppose. 

A  LINE  OP  BATTLE  FOR  MISSIONS. 

The  following  paragraph  which  we  take 
from  **  The  Church  of  Scotland  Mission  Re- 
cord "  refers  to  the  British  army  and  navy. 
There  are  many  men  of  fervent  piety  and 
consecration  in  the  military  and  naval  ser- 
vice of  Great  Britian.  They  come  in  contact 
with  missionaries  in  all  parts  of  the  world. 


and  there  are  many  instances  of  friendship 
and  co-operation  in  good  works  where  the 
opportunity  presents  itself.  There  is  no  rea- 
son why  loyalty  to  an  earthly  sovereign  and 
devotion  to  the  honor  and  the  material  inter- 
ests of  an  earthly  kingdom  should  not  be  a 
training  in  the  higher  duties  of  loyalty  to  a 
heavenly  Lord  and  devotion  to  the  spiritual 
interests  of  a  heavenly  kingdom.  All  praise 
to  him  who  serves  well  in  both  spheres  of 
duty,  and  wins  the  honors  which  earth  and 
heaven  unite  in  giving  to  the  loyal  and  the 
true.     The  paragraph  is  as  follows : 

'^We  have  pleasure  in  noticing,  as  another 
proof  of  the  practical  interest  in  missions 
which  is  spreading  in  all  directions,  the  Army 
and  Navy  Missionary  Union.  Its  objects  are 
to  stimulate  missionary  zeal  in  the  army  and 
navy;  to  collect  funds  for  the  furtherance  of 
missionary  effort  in  the  foreign  field  on  evan- 
gelical and  Protestant  lines,  such  funds  to 
be  applied  without  reference  to  denominatio- 
nal distinction ;  and  to  send  out  missionaries 
when  the  funds  admit.  All  laymen  who 
have  served  or  are  serving  in  the  army  or 
navy,  of  every  grade  and  rank,  with  their 
families,  are  invited  to  unite  in  this  special 
effort  for  the  furtherance  of  foreign  missionary 
enterprise ;  and  clergy  who  have  served  as 
laymen,  and  chaplains  of  all  denominations, 
are  entitled  to  become  honorary  members  on 
application.  One  of  the  ways  in  which  the 
Union  is  to  carry  out  its  aim  is  by  circulating 
the  publications  of  missionary  societies,  and 
personal  service  is  earnestly  invited  from 
those  who  are  on  foreign  service  and  could 
give  help  as  medical  men,  as  ordained  or  as 
lay  evangelists,  or  Scripture  readers,  or  school 
teachers.  The  Union  is  not  to  be  regarded 
as  a  new  missionary  society.  It  will  only 
send  missionaries  into  the  field  in  connection 
with  existing  agencies,  and  it  does  not  desire 
that  a  single  sixpence  should  be  transferred 
from  existing  missions,  but  rather  to  give  ad- 
ditional help  as  far  as  its  resources  permit. 
The  honorary  secretaries  are  Major  H.  Pel- 
ham  Bum,  Rifle  Brigade,  and  Commander 
Sulivan,  R.  N.  " 


44 


Notes — The  Dnhota  Indians, 


[J^Vi 


Dr.  Briggs,  of  Lakawn,  writes: 

In  my  work  I  have  met  with  a  great  deal  of 
encouragement.  I  endeavor  to  have  every 
patient  who  comes  to  me  spoken  to  person- 
ally and  the  gospel  presented  to  him.  I  am 
helped  in  this  a  great  deal  by  my  assistant, 
who  is  a  thorough  Christian,  and  by  my 
teacher  who  is  a  splendid  evangelist  and 
Christian  helper.  I  have  been  led  to  estab- 
lish a  clinic  over  in  the  market  of  the  new 
city.  I  hold  this  clinic  three  afternoons  each 
week ;  this  has  introduced  me  to  a  large  num- 
ber that  otherwise  I  would  not  have  met;  and 
as  God  has  been  blessing  my  efforts  very 
manifestly  in  some  very  serious  cases,  it  has 
helped  to  break  down  a  great  deal  of  super- 
stition and  given  me  an  entrance  into  the 
homes  and  hearts  of  the  people. 


Churches  and  individuals  sending  con- 
tributions to  the  Treasurer  of  the  Foreign 
Board,  for  the  Russian  or  Siam  Famine  Be- 
lief Funds,  must  not  expect  to  have  the 
same  credited  to  them  on  the  books  of  the 
Board,  as  gifts  for  foreign  missions.  The 
Famine  Belief  Fund  in  both  cases  is  a 
special  fund  opened  because  of  the  urgent 
necessity  of  help,  created  by  the  lack  of 
food  in  Bussia  and  Siam  and  does  not  fall 
in  the  strict  sphere  of  the   Board^s  work. 

This  note  has  been  rendered  necessary 
by  a  few  slight  misunderstandings  which 
it  is  trusted  this  plain  statement  will  ren- 
der unlikely  of  recurrence. 


iLttiexB. 


THE  DAKOTA  INDIANS. 

Miss  Jennir  B.  Dickson,  Pine  Ridge  Agency, 
8.  D:—Th\%  is  a  hard,  stony  field.  What  will 
bring  the  Indiana  of  this  Reserve  to  realize  that 
they  are  poor,  wretched  creatures,  needing  the 
Saviour  we  tell  them  of  ?  They  have  been  so  pet- 
ted and  spoiled  by  sentimental  people  who  think 
they  know  Indians,  until  it  is  very  hard  for  them 
not  to  feel  their  own  importance,  and  to  think 
that  they  are  the  people 


We  know  that  the  Word  of  the  Lord  will  pre- 
vail, or  it  would  be  very  hard  sometimes  to  hold 
on.     I  believe  thoroughly,  in  Individual  work, 
which  has  not  received,  I  think,  the  attention  it 
deserves  among  the  Dakotas.    An  Indian  is  very 
religious,  as  were  the  Athenians  of  old,  and  the 
writings  of  persons  who  come  for  a  short  stay, 
would  lead  us  to  believe  that  an  Indian  accepts 
without  doubt,   and  with  the   simplicity  of  a 
child,  the  teachings  of  the  (Jospel,  while  we  who 
live  among  them  know  such  is  not  always  the 
case.     An  Indian  is  usually  fond  of  prapng  and 
talking,  but  often  there  is  very  little  spirituality 
in  his  religious  life,  and  be  may  be  untouched  by 
the  grace  of  God  in  his  heart.  So  you  may  judge 
of  the  joy  it  gives  us  to  find  some  who  are  really 
trying  sincerely  to  serve  the  Lord     At  the  older 
stations,  many  are  children  of  our  Father  ;  but 
here  as  yet  there  are  very  few  who  are  following 
after  the  Lord,  but  it  is  a  great  pleasure  to  watch 
their  development,  even  if  it  is  alow,    Our  inter- 
ests and  prayers  seem  now  to  be  centered  in  a 
young  man  who,  I  tliink,  is  seeking  the  Light. 
He  told  me  that  it  seemed  as  if  there  were  two 
strings  tied  to  his  heart,  one  was  pulling  him  this 
way,  and  one  was  pulling  him  the  other.    I  feel 
sure  that  we  shall  soon  see  him  enter  the  King- 
dom.  The  young  man  that  I  am  training  for  help- 
er, is  doing  nicely.    I  think  a  native  helper  raised 
up  on  the 'field,  can  do  more  good  than  one  from 
a  distance.    There  is  quite  a  good  bit  of  jealousy 
among  the  different  bands  of  the  Sioux,  and  it 
might  surprise  you  to  know  of  this  or  that  preju- 
dice, and  I  think  sometimes  their  name,  Dakota 
(Allied),  is  something  of  a  misnomer. ' 

One  of  the  old  chiefs  has  just  been  in  to  see 
me,  to  ask  if  I  knew  when  they  were  to  receive 
pay  for  their  losses  of  last  winter.  I  told  blm  I 
did  not  know,  but  because  of  the  many  false 
claims  that  had  been  made,  they  were  compelled 
to  defer  payment.  The  old  man  told  me  there  is 
a  good  deal  of  bad  talk  among  the  Rosebuds  or 
Brulis  who  were  allowed  to  remain  here  instead 
of  being  sent  to  their  home,  as  they  should  have 
been.  Things  may  go  on  this  way  for  years,  or 
may  be  brought  to  a  crisis  sooner  than  any  of  us 
t^ink.    The  sooner  the  crisis  comes,  in  my  opin- 


1892.] 


A  Journey  to  Nodoa. 


45 


ion,  the  better  it  will  be  for  these  people.  Is 
that  a  hard  saying?  I  believe  it  is  the  truth. 
But  people  who  live  far  away,  will  hardly  agree 
with  us.  Pray  for  us  tliat  we  may  be  faithful  in 
season  and  out  of  season,  and  that  these  people 
in  the  darkness  of  heathenism,  may  soon  see  a 
great  Light  arise,  and  that  the  Lord  may  have 
all  the  glory.         

ISLAND  OF  HAINAN. 

A  JOURNEY  TO  NODOA. 

Mr.  Carl  8.  Jerbmiassen,  Nodoa: — Mr.  Gil- 
man's  family  and  I  started  for  Nodoa  first  by 
boat  for  five  days,  or  rather  six — the  last  day 
being  Sabbath,  we  6tayed  in  the  boats  till  Mon- 
day morning.  We  had  beautiful  weather  while 
in  the  boats.  Having  sent  a  man  overland  be- 
forehand to  arrange  about  chairs  and  ox- carts — 
the  latter  for  our  heavy  luggage  and  furniture 
for  the  Nodoa  House,  also  the  printing  press, 
etc. — everything  was  ready  waiting  for  us  in  the 
morning.  So,  after  landing  the  things  and  leav- 
ing a  man  to  see  after  getting  them  on  the  carts, 
we,  after  some  considerable  scolding  and  grum- 
bling, got  started,  and  I  felt  quite  relieved.  Un- 
fortunately, the  wind  had  changed  round  during 
Sunday  night,  and  a  cold,  northerly  wind,  with 
rain,  began  just  about  the  time  of  our  starting; 
still  it  was  not  very  heavy,  at  least  not  heavy 
enough  for  us  to  consent  to  stop  another  day.  I 
was  thankful,  after  starting,  that  I  had  good 
strong  legs  to  walk  on,  so  that  I  did  not  need  to 
be  caged  up  in  one  of  those  miserable  Hainan 
chairs.  I  felt  for  poor  Mrs.  Oilman  with  the  chil- 
dren, as  it  is  bad  enough  for  one  person  alone, 
but  must  be  exceedingly  trying  for  a  lady  with 
a  heavy,  lively  baby  constantly  jumping  about 
in  her  lap  from  one  side  to  the  other.  I  am 
sure  only  a  woman's  love  and  patience  could 
endure  it ;  as  for  myself,  I  am  satisfied  I  could 
never  have  stood  it.  And  the  poor ''beasts  of 
burden !''  I  can't  help  but  pity  them.  Poor  men, 
what  a  horrible  way  of  conveyance !  But  what 
can  be  done  when  people  are  unable  to  walk? 
I  can  simply  say  with  the  Chinese,  **  Vo-da-oa," 
"There  is  no  way  out  of  it."  We  made,  con- 
sidering the  circumstances,  very  fair  progress 


the  first  day  (14  miles),  and  rested  overnight  in 
Faifong,  which  is  a  market-place  of  sixty  or  sev- 
enty families. 

A  HAINAN  "GRAND  CENTRAL." 

It  cheered  my  heart,  and  I  am  sure  it  would 
have  cheered  yours  could  you  have  had  a  quiet 
peep  in  at  us  and  seen  everybody  in  good  hu- 
mor, trying  to  make  the  best  of  the  situation. 
It  was  not  the  "  Grand  Central  Hotel,"  but  I  think 
that  there  were  more  happy  hearts  here,  notwith- 
standing doorless  houses  and  leaking  roofs,  than 
in  that  grand  hotel  that  evening.  We  got  pos- 
session of  the  two  rear  houses  of  the  inn.  The 
first  house  of  the  two  was  occupied  by  the  Gil- 
man  family  and  the  Chinese  woman.  That  house 
was  minus  front  doors,  which  we  soon  fixed  up 
by  hanging  up  a  mat,  which,  besides  keeping  out 
the  eold,  damp  wind,  also  added  to  our  privacy. 
We  were  all  pretty  tired  and  were  glad  to  get  to 
rest,  the  children  keeping  in  wonderfully  good 
spirits  even  to  the  last,  when  we  all  passed  off 
into  dreamland.  We  rose  next  morning  praising 
God  for  all  his  mercies,  and  after  taking  an  early 
breakfast,  we  started  off.  There  was  some 
grumbling  and  dissension  among  our  men  about 
staying ;  but  as  the  rain  was  less  than  the  day 
before,  now  only  being  a  kind  of  **  Scotch  mist," 
and  then  there  is  no  saying  how  long  it  would  be 
ere  clearing  up,  when  northerly  wind  sets  in  this 
time  of  the  year;  this  is  well  known  to  everybody 
here.  So  we  managed  to  persuade  the  men  to  go, 
promising  that  we  would  stay  over  night  at 
"  Notia  "  market,  which  is  about  12  miles  from 
Faifong.  This  would  leave  us  an  easy  day's 
journey  (17  or  18  miles)  to  Nodoa.  Getting  on 
the  way,  we  found  the  roads  very  slippery ;  but 
before  long  it  cleared  up  a  little  and  everybody 
was  glad  we  had  come  on  Reaching  Notia 
about  3  P.  M.,  we  got  a  fairly  good  inn— but 
what  a  crowd  of  visitors  I  No  foreign  lady  had 
ever  been  there  and  the  people  were  naturally 
anxious  to  get  a  peep  at  Mrs.  Gilman  and  the 
children,  but  were  good  natured  and  pleasant. 
Next  morning  we  had  a  beautiful  day  for  our 
last  stage  and  we  all  enjoyed  it  very  much,  the 
children  were  happy  and  playing  on  the  green 
grass  whenever  we  stopped,  and  when  arriving 


46 


The  Ainui — Crowds  of  Farmer b. 


[July, 


early  in  the  afternoon  in  Nodoa,  all  were  in  the 
best  ot  spirits.  I  was  glad  that  most  of  our 
friends  put  off  their  call  till  the  next  day,  but 
then  for  several  days  they  came  in  large  numbers. 
How  nice  it  is  to  meet  again  with  so  many  well 
known  friends  bearing  the  Christian  greeting 
(Paj-oa)  Peace  !    

JAPAN. 

THE   A  IN  US. 

Rbv.  Gkorgk  P.  PiERBON,  Tolcyo: — On  a  re- 
cent Saturday  evening  we  bad  a  lecture  by  the 
Rev.  Mr.  Batcheller,  on  the  Ainus.  Ue  has 
worked  a  great  deal  among  this  people  and  is  an 
authority.  The  word  Ainu  (not  Aino)  means 
man  or  husband.  There  are  15,000  or  16,000  of 
them  in  Yezzo,  while  in  the  same  island  there  are 
400,000  Japanese.  Originally,  the  lecturer  said, 
in  Japan  there  were  Koreans,  Pit-dwellers  and 
Ainus.  The  remnant  in  the  Hokkaido  represents 
a  race  that  once  may  have  lived  quite  extensively 
in  Japan.  Some  names  of  places'  seem  to  prove 
this.  For  example,  Yeddo,  the  old  name  of  To- 
kyo, is  the  name  of  a  certain  edible  grass,  Fuiji, 
the  name  of  the  mountain,  means  '*the  goddess 
of  fire" — the  goddess  whose  function  was  to 
record  the  deeds  of  men  in  a  book  and  transcribe 
their  pictures.  Their  language  is  perhaps  like 
the  oldest  Tartar  language.  When  they  say 
good-by,  they  say,  "Popke  no  okai  yan,"  that  is, 
"May  you  be  kept  warm!"  Their  notion  of 
hell  is  that  of  a  cold  place,  and  the  greatest  pos- 
sible punishment  is  to  be  frozen  up  in  a  block 
of  ice.  In  old  times  there  were  three  chiefs  in 
every  village.  Trials  were  all  open,  and  there 
was  no  punishment  without  conviction,  or  rather 
confession.  This  confession,  in  turn,  was  ex- 
torted by  requiring  prisoners  to  drink  a  tub  of 
cold  water.  Women  were  tried  by  mixing  to- 
bacco ashes  and  water,  which  they  were  made  to 
drink.  If  they  could  endure  this,  they  were 
counted  innocent;  if  not,  they  were  adjudged 
guilty.  The  murderer,  under  the  government  of 
the  Ainus,  was  punished  by  maiming.  Widows 
had  to  mourn  seven  years  before  they  were  per- 
mitted to  re-marry.  This  mourning  was  evi- 
denced by  wearing  the  clothing  inside  out.  The 
clothing  was  made  of  the  inside  bark  of  the  elm 


tree.  The  Ainus  believed  in  water  nymphs, 
in  gods  of  the  sea  and  numerous  other  deities, 
but  also  in  a  creator.  These  were  some  of  points 
brought  out  by  the  lecturer  concerning  this  an- 
cient people.         

INDIA. 

CROWDS  OF   FARMERS. 

Rev.  E.  p.  Newton,  Lodiana: — In  the  end  of 
January  I  started  for  a  tour  in  the  district,  and 
was  out  four  weeks.  Leaving  here  on  the  27th, 
I  went  to  Raskat,  twenty-five  miles  to  the  south- 
west of  Lodiana.  From  there  I  travelled  from 
fi  ve  to  six  miles  a  day  in  the  direction  of  Phirl,  a 
large  village  in  the  territory  of  the  Rajah  of 
Nabha,  and  some  sixty  to  sixty -five  miles  from 
here.  I  lodged  in  the  villages,  putting  up  in 
Dharmsfdas,  which  are  places  erected  in  most 
Hindu  villages  for  the  accommodation  of  travel- 
ers. It  was  a  part  of  the  district  never  before 
visited  by  me,  and  very  seldom  by  any  Christian 
preacher.  I  preached  two  or  three  times  each 
day,  but  my  largest  and  most  interesting  audi- 
ences were  always  in  the  evening  by  lamp-light. 
At  that  time  the  farmers  are  free,  and  I  had  large 
crowds  to  talk  and  read  and  sing  to.  In  my 
report  for  last  year  allusion  is  made  to  a  fiddle. 
This  I  had  with  me,  and  found  it  a  never-failing 
source  of  attraction.  Nothing  could  exceed  the 
hospitality  and  friendliness  with  which  I  was  re- 
ceived in  most  of  the  places  I  stopped  at. 

MOHA&fMEDAN    HOSPITALITY. 

At  one  place,  Shaina,  the  deputy  inspector  of 
police,  a  Mahommedan,  insisted  on  my  taking  up 
my  quarters  in  the  police  station,  where  he  gave 
up  his  ofiice  to  my  use.  He  also  sent  a  mes- 
sage to  Dhabali,  a  village  that  I  was  to  reach  two 
days  later,  to  have  a  room  prepared  for  me  in 
the  house  of  a  Sikh  Sardar.  There  is  no  diffi- 
culty in  getting  a  hearing  for  the  gospel  in  most 
of  these  villages,  or  even  a  verbal  assent  to  it  on 
the  part  of  many ;  but  that  is  a  different  thing 
from  receiving  it  and  confessing  Christ. 


A  SPIRIT  OP  INQUIRY. 

Miss  Annib  S.  Qeisinger,  Dahra  .-—Our  work 
is  being  greatly  blessed,  not  exactly  in  the  women 
coming    out    and   being  baptized,   but    in  the 


1892.] 


A  Spirit  of  Inquiry. 


47 


abundant  entrance  we  have  to  the  people,  their 
readiness  to  hear  the  Word  and  the  wonderful 
way  in  which  Qod  is  owning  it.    There  is  a  most 
marked  spirit  of  inquiry  abroad  about  here,  peo- 
ple hungry  and  thirsty  for  the  Word  of  life,  and 
I  question  whether  it  is  not  an  out-pouring  of 
the  Holy  Spirit  in  answer  to  all  the  prayers  that 
went  up  the  world  over  at  the  beginning  of  this 
year.      The  Rev.  Mr.  ThaclLwell,  of  this  station, 
says  that  evenings  when  he  preaches  in  the  ba- 
zaar, out  in  the  open  air,  the  people  listen  as  if 
spell-bound,  and  where  formerly  there  was  oppo- 
sition and  strife  against  the  truth,  a  most  atten- 
tive and  respectful  hearing  is  now  given,  and 
sometimes  he  has  the  company  of  some  of  the 
listeners  home,  enquiring  more  perfectly  about 
these  things.     Last  evening  he  was  preaching  in 
the  bazaar  as  usual,  surrounded  by  a  concourse 
of  men.     In  the  midst  of  bis  talk  a  man  spoke 
out  from  the  crowd  saying  that  he  could  testify 
to  the  truth  of  what  was  being  said,  for  he  not 
only  believed  it,  but  "had  it  in  his  heart."    On 
inquiry,  Mr  Thackwell  found  that  he  was  the 
head-man  of  a  village  some  twelve  miles  away, 
and  there  were  others  there  who  believed  as  he 
did.     They  had  gotton  hold  of  a  portion  of  the 
Scriptures  some  time  ago  and  the  Holy  Spirit  had 
been  their  teacher.     In  what  wonderful  and  un- 
expected ways  we  are  sometimes  permitted  to 
have  faint  glimpses  of  the  results  of  our  seed- 
sowing. 

VILLAGE  SUNDAY-SCHOOLS. 

We  have  fofir  Sunday-schools,  one  in  the 
very  heart  of  the  city,  and  others  in  different 
villages  near  by,  the  farthest  being  about  two 
miles.  The  oldest  school,  started  before  I  went 
home,  has  about  sixty  heathen  pupils,  girls, 
boys  and  women,  the  women  and  girls  being 
separated  from  the  **  dreadful  boys  "by  a  wall. 
There  are  tteoe/i  teachers  with  their  classes,  and  I 
am  not  sure  but  there  is  better  attention  and  be- 
haviour than  in  most  home  Sunday-schools. 
The  school  is  presided  over  by  one  of  the 
'* Training  Home*'  pupils,  and  her  staff  of  seven 
teachers  is  composed  of  our  native  Christian  Ze- 
nana teachers. 

A  second  Sunday-school  is   held  in  another 


village,  where  we  have  a  girls'  day  school.  Its 
superintendant  is  another  one  of  our  ''Training 
Home  "  pupils,  and  she  has  three  native  Christ- 
ian teachers  from  this  Christian  Girls'  Boarding 
School,  associated  with  her.  The  one  in  the  city 
is  yet  in  its  beginning,  and  Miss  de  Souza,  with 
the  help  of  a  young  worker  I  have  just  taken  on, 
''holds  the  fort"  there.  Her  associate  is  the  young 
married  daughter  of  one  of  my  Bible  women, 
who  has  shared  my  toils  and  labors  these  many 
years  in  Dehra.  Is  it  not  delightful  to  see 
the  second  generation  taking  a  share  in  this 
work  I 

Work  among  the  women  and  girls  was  begun 
in  this  distant  village  by  Miss  de  Souza  just  be- 
fore my  return,  but  no  Sunday-school  could  be 
opened  just  then.   The  lessons,  too,  in  this  place 
can  be  only  semi-weekly,  owing  to  distance  and 
press  of  city  work,  so  the  people  see  little  of  us 
and  have  no  opportunity  of  getting  better  ac- 
quainted.    The  way  opened  about  three  weeks 
ago  to  go  out  and  camp  on  the  very  edge  of  the 
village  in  a  beautiful  mango  grove.     One  of  the 
school  ladies  needed  a  little  quiet  rest  and  change 
to  out-of-door  life,  so  we  made  a  ten  days'  visit 
to  this  place.    We  were  near  enough  for  them  to 
gratify  their  curiosity  by  frequent  visits  over  to  the 
tent,  and  I  was  in  the  village  every  day,  teach- 
ing, talking  and  visiting,  getting  better  acquain- 
ted with  their  modes  of  thought  and  ideas  of 
things  in  general.    I  thought  it  time  to  open  a 
Sunday-school,  so  three  weeks  ago  we  gathered 
for  the  first  time  under  the  grateful  shade  of  a 
mango  tree,  right  on  the  main  street  of  the  little 
village,  as  no  room  was  to  be  had  anywhere.    A 
more  sheltered  corner  for  the  girls'  class  was 
found  inside  an  old  doorway,   and  they  were 
looked  after  by  one  of  the  ladies.    My  boys  and 
I  got  on  famously  under  the  tree  and  were  a- 
great  attraction  to  many  passing  by,  who  in  the 
hymns  they  heard  and  explanation  of  the  lesson 
given,  received  perhaps  their  first  impressions  of 
Christianity.    This  audience  came  and  went,  but 
there  were  many  attentive  listeners  all  thfough- 
out,  and  I  have  determined  for  the  sake  of  such 
to  continue  the  school  out  of  doors  as  long  as  the 
weather  permits. 


48 


Mission   Woik  in  Africa. 


[July. 


AFRICA. 

Rby.  H.  Jacot,  Kangwe: — Mission  Meeting 
is  nearly  over.  We  have  had  great  pleasure  in 
meeting  again  the  twenty  members  of  our 
Gaboon  mission  band,  who  came  from  all  direc- 
tions to  review  the  work  of  the  past  year  and 
decide  upon  the  wisest  course  for  the  twelve 
months  to  come.  Many  important  decisions 
were  taken,  a  few  of  which  I  will  mention: 
Brother  Good  was  appointed  to  make  a  short 
tour  to  Liberia  to  iuspect  the  condition  of  our 
Board's  mission  there  carried  on  by  natives  of 
whose  efficiency  and  faithfulness  there  is  reason 
to  doubt.  This  tour  of  three  months  will  deprive 
me  of  my  valuable  colleague,  and  throw  upon 
me  for  that  time  the  whole  responsibility  of  our 
work  at  K&ngwe,  by  no  means  an  easy  task.  His 
revised  New  Testament  in  Mpongwe  was  author- 
ized to  be  printed,  as  also  his  new  edition  of  the 
hymn  book,  both  of  which  volumes  will  be  of 
the  greatest  value  to  us  in  our  work.  Mr.  Mar- 
ling's  translation  of  the  Gospel  of  Matthew  into 
Fang  (Fafig)  was  also  authorized  and  will  be 
printed  by  the  Bible  Society  or  by  the  Tract 
Society.  This  is  the  first  purely  Faftg  literature 
issued  by  our  mission,  and  we  hope  it  will  be 
only  the  beginning.  Mr.  Marling  was  also 
authorized  to  prepare  a  small  Fafig  primer,  of 
which  I  will  send  you  a  copy  as  soon  as  it  is  is- 
sued. The  importance  of  this  publication  will 
be  understood  when  you  remember  that  two  mil' 
lions  of  natives  can  be  reached  through  the 
medium  of  this  language.  Our  Bible  and  Tract 
Society  are  doing  therefore  a  grand  work  when 
they  enable  us  to  sell  at  a  mere  nominal 
price  the  Word  of  Life  to  these  awakening 
souls. 

Steps  were  also  taken  at  our  Mission  Meeting 
to  mass  our  workers  more  in  the  northern  field 
in  the  neighborhood  of  Batanga,  and  to  send  a 
party  to  explore  interior- ward  from  that  station, 
with  a  view  to  establishing  new  posts  on  the 
high  plateau,  more  healthful  and  said  to  be  teem- 
ing with  population  speaking  the  Fa&g  language. 
This  would  open  up  to  us  a  vast  and  interesting 
missionary  field,  away  from  the  influences  of 
trades  and  vicious  civilization. 


I  find  that  our  station  at  Kangwe  last  year 
costs  us  about  |4,500,  including  salaries  of  two 
married  missionaries  and  French  teacher.  This 
enables  us  to  keep  a  Boys'  Boarding  School  for 
sixty  scholars,  a  Girls'  Boarding  School  for  ten 
scholars,  to  support  six  Bible  readers  locateu  at 
different  points  on  the  river,  to  do  considerable 
work  in  evangelizing  and  in  the  preparation  of  na- 
tive literature.  Hixty-eight  natives  about  us  were 
baptised  after  being  closely  examined  and  tested 
as  to  their  faith ;  one  new  church  was  organized 
with  forty- three  members,  several  students  were 
taught  who  aspired  to  the  ministry  and  one  of 
them  was  licensed  to  preach.  On  the  whole  I 
feel  confident  that  more  far-reaching  good  was 
accomplished  than  is  done  in  a  year  by  many  of 
our  home  churches,  who  spend  more  than  double 
for  their  running  expenses. 

And  now  I  must  say  a  word  about  the  work 
for  the  coming  year.  There  is  plenty  of  it.  In 
about  ten  days  I  hope  to  be  once  more  in  K^ing- 
we,  this  time  with  the  whole  care  of  our  four 
churches,  the  nearest  of  which  is  twenty- five 
miles;  the  farthest  forty  miles  from  K4ngwe. 
I  hope  to  be  able  to  devote  my  spare  time  to  the 
study  of  the  Fafig  language,  and  to  deeper  study 
of  the  Mpongwe.  I  am  happy  to  have  the  help 
of  Monsieur  Presset  who  will  have  charge  of  the 
school,  and  who  will  direct  it  with  the  experi- 
ence he  has  acquired  while  at  Libreville  teach- 
ing the  Baraka  school.  He  is  an  earnest  Christ- 
ian and  has  learned  to  speak  very  fair  English  in 
the  three  years  he  has  been  in  the  mission.  We 
will  also  try  to  develop  a  few  more  Bible  readers 
who  are  very  useful  to  us,  as  we  cannot  visit  all 
the  towns  frequently.  In  a  few  months  we  hope 
to  have  with  us  Messrs.  Allegret  and  Theisaeres 
of  the  Paris  Soc.  who  will  work  with  us  until 
arrangements  can  be  made  for  definitely  handing 
the  work  over  to  them,  or  at  least  a  part  of  it.  I 
don't  know  that  I  am  ready  to  give  up  Kangwe 
Station  for  some  time  yet. 

But  now  I  must  close  for  this  time,  yet  I  can- 
not without  calling  upon  you  to  'Upraise  the 
Lord  for  his  goodness  to  us "  during  this  past 
year  in  keeping  us  in  His  service,  and  in  using 
our  unworthy  efforts  to  His  glory. 


HOME    MISSIONS. 


Bev.  Dr.  W.  C.  Roberts,  whose  election 
as  Corresponding  Secretary  was  received 
with  so  much  pleasure  throughout  the 
church,  has  already  entered  upon  the  du- 
ties of  the  office,  to  the  great  delight  of 
the  Board  and  the  office  force.  He  comes, 
not  as  a  novice,  but  as  a  general  back  to 
his  former  command.  He  resumes  the  work 
with  the  readiness  of  one  who  has  but  just 
returned  from  a  summer  vacation. 

If  we  must  be  deprived  of  the  services  of 
Dr.  Kendall  by  reason  of  his  physical  in- 
firmities it  is  a  kind  providence  that  re- 
turns Dr.  Roberts  to  us  to  take  his  place. 
No  other  man  in  the  church  could  do  it  so 
well. 

It  is  fitting  that  the  first  of  the  great 
ecclesiastical  courts  to  cross  the  Continent 
should  be  the  General  Assembly  of  the 
Presbyterian  Church,  and  it  is  a  striking 
incident  of  the  journey  to  Portland,  that 
the  route  traveled  by  a  majority  of  the 
commissioners  should,  for  nearly  2,000 
miles,  follow  very  closely  the  trail  of  Mis- 
sionary Whitman,  whose  wagon  was  the 
first  vehicle  to  cross  the  Rocky  Mountains. 
The  Union  Pacific  train  departed  from  his 
trail  at  Granger,  in  Wyoming,  in  order  to 
take  in  Ogden  and  Salt  Lake  City,  but 
touched  it  again  at  McCammon,  Idaho. 
Every  thirty-minutes  that  train  covered  a 
day's  journey  of  that  patient  pioneer. 
Three  hours  of  the  train  covered  a  week's 
journey  for  Dr.  Whitman.  Five  years 
after  the  missionary  path  maker  blazed  the 
way,  General  John  C.  Freemont,  the  path 
finder y  followed. 

The  General  Assembly  gave  a  fair  share 
of  attention  to  the  Boards  and  other  causes 
of  the  church,  notwithstanding  the  other 
exciting  and  absorbing  matters  before  it. 


The  report  of  Dr.  McPherson,  the  Chair- 
man of  the  Standing  Committee  on  Home 
Missions,  was  such  a  clear,  comprehensive 
and  powerful  statement  and  plea,  that  it 
has  already  been  printed  in  the  form  of  a 
leaflet  to  be  distributed  throughout  the 
churches. 

A  private  letter  from  a  looker-on  at  the 
Assembly  ends  with  these  significant 
words: — **  The  women  are  praying  while 
the  men  are  fighting.  God  bless  the  women 
and  direct  the  men."  Let  us  trust  that 
God  has  answered  that  little  petition. 


The  report  that  Dr.  Sheldon  Jackson 
was  murdered  by  whiskey  smugglers,  in 
Alaska,  is  probably  untrue.  It  could  not 
possibly  have  occurred  at  the  date  assigned, 
as  his  vessel  had  not  then  sailed  from  Port 
Townsend,  and,  besides,  it  was  under  orders 
to  make  no  stop  before  reaching  Unalaska. 
The  report  must  have  grown  out  of  the 
murder  of  Mr.  Edwards,  one  of  our  mis- 
sionaries, in  precisely  the  same  manner  a 
month  earlier. 

A  WOMAN'S  SUGGESTION. 

A  nucleus: — A  lady,  an  entire  stran- 
ger, entered  the  office  of  the  Board  of 
Home  Missions  the  other  day  and  handed 
to  the  secretary  a  roll  of  bills  which 
counted  out  $63,  the  proceeds,  she  said, 
of  the  sale  of  some  jewelry  which  she  had 
sacrificed  toward  our  debt.  Half  hesita- 
tingly she  suggested  a  plan  for  paying  the 
Board's  debt.  It  was  simply  this:  Let 
pastors  call  upon  their  people  to  dispose 
of  any  valuables  which  they  might  just  as 
well  spare  as  not,  and  at  an  appointed 
time  bring  the  proceeds  and  make  a 
special  collection  for  the  debt.  Such  a 
movement  in  every  church  would  certainly 

49 


50 


Home  Jtisaion  Notes, 


[July. 


pay  the  debt  of  the  Board  without  draw- 
ing a  cent  from  anybody's  income  or  affect- 
ing the  regular  collection  for  this  or  any 
other  Board.  And  besides  it  would 
appeal  to  the  wealthy  and  the  well-to-do 
and  not  to  the  poor. 


The  young  man  never  had  a  relative, 
either  in  the  present  generation  or  among 
his  ancestors  as  far  back  as  he  has  infor- 
mation, who  ever  professed  religion. 


Why  is  not  the  suggestion  a  good  one  ? 
And  why  might  not  every  pastor  bring  it 
before  his  congregation  ?  Remember,  the 
valuables  themselves  are  not  to  be  sent  to 
the  Board.  The  treasurer  can  do  nothing 
with  them.  Owners  can  realize  more  for 
them  than  the  treasurer  could  even  if  he 
had  the  time  to  hunt  a  purchaser.  The 
suggestion  is  surely  worth    considering. 


The  unflinching  fidelity  of  our  German 
brethren  to  their  church  life  and  work  is 
well  illustrated  in  the  following  extract 
from  the  report  of  Rev.  Dr.  Schuette,  of 
Independence,    Iowa : — 

^'I  have  had  the  hardest  work,  dur- 
ing this  time  to  meet  my  appoint- 
ments, that  I  ev&r  had  in  my  life. 
Twice  I  could  not  get  there  on  account  of 
bad  roads  and  bad  weather.  We  have 
had  heavy  rains  for  two  months  and  the 
roads  are  in  a  dreadful  condition.  On  one 
trip  I  nearly  killed  my  horse  and  it  is 
still  lame  from  that  time.  Our  meetings 
were  better  attended  than  I  had  expected 
because  the  people  feel  greatly  interested 
and  I  consider  it  a  good  performance  for 
farmers  to  come  to  church  on  Sabbaths, 
when  they  have  to  walk  five  or  six  miles  to 
attend  services,  because  they  could  not 
use  their  horses. 


Rev.  W.  C.  Beebe,  of  Waterville,  Wash- 
ington, reports  a  very  interesting  revival 
the  blessed  influence  of  which  is  felt 
throughout  the  community  and  the 
regions  round  about.  Among  the  con- 
versions was  the  wife  of  a  prominent 
saloon-keeper.  Another  interesting  case 
was  that  of  a  young  man  and  his  family. 


Fourteen  synod ical  missionaries  were 
present  at  the  General  Assembly,  at  Port- 
land, by  invitation  of  the  Board  of  Home 
Missions.  They  held  several  conferences, 
and  discussed  at  length  a  number  of  prac- 
tical topics  bearing  on  their  work.  One 
of  these  subjects  was  the  matter  of 

LAY  PREACHERS. 

Dr.  S.  B.  Fleming,  of  Kansas,  said  that 
in  his  field  it  had  been  found  best  to  leave 
the  matter  of  employing  lay  preachers  to 
local  arrangement.  One  man  had  man- 
aged to  do  valuable  work  in  this  way  with- 
out cost  to  the  Board.  His  Presbytery 
had  given  him  approval  and  a  temporary 
license.  The  church  in  this  case  raised 
as  much  as  ever  for  the  work. 

The  brethren  are  inclined  to  be  very 
careful  in  the  choice  of  men  for  this  ser- 
vice. One  well-known  man  was  kept  ten 
years  at  this  kind  of  work  before  final 
ordination  to  the  full  duties  of  the  minis- 
try, in  which  he  has  now  been  for  some 
time  engaged. 

Dr.  T.  S.  Bailey,  of  Iowa,  said  that  in 
his  field  they  had  had  only  one  man  en- 
gaged in  this  sort  of  service,  who  had  been 
notably  successful,  and  had  been  lately 
ordained.  With  careful  restrictions,  such 
service  would  undoubtedly  prove  useful. 
He  had  found  unfit  men  apt  to  press  in. 
It  was  certainly  wise  to  encourage  men 
found  to  have  gifts  to  use  them  in  this 
way.  There  was  danger  here  from  a  lack 
of  loyalty  on  the  part  of  exceptional  men 
who  come  in  from  outside.  There  were 
plenty  of  men  who  would  like  the  honor 
of  being  Presbyterian  preachers.  We  ought 
to  employ  good  elders  more  in  evangelistic 
work.  He  had  several  of  these  available 
in  his  field. 


1892.  J 


Opinions  of  Synodical  Missionaries. 


51 


Dr.  T.  L.  Sexton,  of  Nobraeka,  said 
that  he  was  in  favor  of  a  thorough  conrse 
of  training  for  all  the  work  of  the  ministry. 
But,  of  course,  there  were  exceptional 
cases,  and  of  these.  Presbytery  was  the 
proper  judge.  He  would  always  encourage 
such  cases.  We  have  sometimes  put  such 
men  on  a  course  of  study.  Most  of  the 
brethren  are  opposed  to  letting  down  the 
bars.  Elders  do  some  of  this  work.  Some 
hold  services  in  school-houses,  with  suc- 
cessful results,  and  some  read  sermons  in 
vacant  churches. 


Dr.  T.  M.  Gunn,  of  Washington,  said 
he  had  had  small  experience  in  tlis  matter. 
Some  elders  had  maintained  services  in 
their  churches  while  their  ministers  were 
absent  organizing  new  work.  One  at  Mos- 
cow, Idaho,  does  work  like  this  through- 
out the  year.  Several  read  sermons  to  the 
congregations. 

Rev.  F.  D.  Seward,  of  southern  Califor- 
nia, said  that  his  experience  in  this  line 
had  been  so  limited  that  he  had  nothing 
special  to  add. 

Rev.  F.  M.  Wood,  of  North  Dakota, 
said  that  he  had  found  little  material  for 
such  work.  He  knew  of  only  three  in- 
stances. One  such  man  has  been  ordained 
and  proved  very  useful.  Another,  the  ex- 
Governor  of  the  State,  has  done  good  work. 
The  third  came  to  grief. 


Dr.  R.  W.  Hill,  of  Indian  Territory, 
had  found  that  too  many  men  want  to 
press  into  such  work.  In  a  Presbytery  of 
eight  men  in  his  field,  six  had  no  training 
except  what  they  had  picked  up— had 
fluency  of  speech  but  little  education. 
Then  these  are  too  apt  to  bring  in  others 
even  less  fitted  than  themselves.  It  was 
hard  to  prevent  undue  haste  on  the  part 
of  Presbytery  in  this  direction.  A  man 
makes  a  good  talk,  and  then  they  propose 
to    license    him.     Each    Presbytery  last 


spring  had  a  case  of  this  kind.  There 
should  be  a  warning  against  the  hasty 
ordination  of  lay  preachers.  There  should 
be  some  special  control  of  Presbyteries  in 
Indian  Territory  and*  New  Mexico  in  this 
matter.  These  men,  if  in  the  majority, 
naturally  vote  together  and  control  Pres- 
bytery. It  is  almost  the  same  way  in 
Synod.  We  have  tried  to  establish  a 
course  of  study  for  this  class,  but  it  is 
almost  a  dead  letter.  Neighboring  min- 
isters fail  to  oversee  it  and  keep  it  up. 


Rev.  J.  A.  Menaul,  of  New  Mexico 
said  that  a  few  men  in  American  churches 
are  doing  good  work  in  this  line.  There 
is  one  such  in  Las  Gruces.  The  Board 
was  asked  to  leave  off  the  prefix  *'  Rev." 
in  addressing  such  men,  as  some  were  apt 
to  assume  it.  They  are  apt  to  seek  to  be 
ordained  before  they  are  qualified. 


Dr.  T.  0.  Kirkwood,  of  Colorado 
thought  that  elders  ought  to  be  more 
recognized  and  used  in  this  way.  We 
have  used  two  elders  at  regular  work  in 
our  synod,  very  satisfactorily.  One  young 
man  of  good  parts  has  held  three  points. 
Mr.  Rankin  has  proved  himself  a  fine 
evangelist,  and  there  have  been  other  such 
cases,  which  have  entailed  no  expense  upon 
the  Board.  The  fields  to  be  occupied  are 
often  too  far  from  each  other  to  be  thus 
covered,  and  few  young  men  can  give  the 
time  necessary  for  this  service  without  in- 
terruption of  their  secular  business. 


Dr.  H.  S.  Little,  of  Texas,  was  in  favor 
of  employing  elders  in  this  way.  One 
difficulty  he  had  found  was  that  this  leads 
to  the  reception  of  unqualified  men  from 
other  denominations.  A  really  good  man 
thus  obtained  was  ^'e  pluribus  unum." 
Ministers  in  his  field  often  have  elders 
read  sermons  in  their  absence.  Men 
licensed  for  such  work  are  too  apt  to  seek 
ordination. 


62 


Lay  Workers — Beport  \>f  Rev.  J.  J.   Ward. 


[July, 


Dr.  R.  N.  Adams,  of  Minnesota,  thought 
that  in  his  field  they  had  possibly  done 
more  of  this  kind  of  work  than  was  ad- 
visable or  profitable.  They  had  found  a 
danger  here.  The.  men  thus  employed 
begin  at  once  to  think  that  they  ought  to 
be  ministers.  Presbyteries  afe  not  always 
as  careful  as  they  should  be.  One  man 
was  called  by  a  church  for  this  temporary 
service,  and  was  then  installed.  He  had 
some  knowledge  of  Scripture,  but  was 
otherwise  quite  ignorant,  and  so  lasted  only 
a  little  while.  Another,  an  elder,  had 
proved  quite  effective.  Another,  who  had 
engaged  in  Sunday-school  work,  had  been 
licensed  and  ordained,  and  had  done  very 
well.  Some  had  been  spoiled  by  promo- 
tion. Some  elders,  on  the  other  hand, 
are  at  work  who  have  no  idea  of  being 
licensed  or  ordained.  W.  I. 


A  Little  Faem  Well  Tilled. — Cali- 
fornia is  learning  that  scratching  over  a 
great  ranch  is  not  so  profitable  as  carefully 
cultivating  a  smaller  one;  and  we  all  know 
good  horses,  well  cared  for,  can  do  more 
work  than  a  greater  number  hungry  and 
neglected.  Then  let  us  have  fewer  Home 
Mission  fields;  but  work  them  better,  and 
take  better  care  of  the  Home  Missionaries ; 
and  then  expect  greater  results. 

P.  D.  Seward. 


Eey.  R.  A.  Bartlett,  of  Dayton,  Tenn., 
cheers  us  with  the  report  of  thirteen  ad- 
ditions to  his  church  upon  confession 
since  April  1st,  and  adds: — "The  pros- 
pects here  are  good  and  the  church,  taking 
everything  into  consideration,  has  made 
great  progress." 

Rev.  A.  J.  Coile,  the  recently  installed 
pastor  of  Bell  Avenue  Church,  Knoxville, 
Tenn.,  writes: — "  Our  work  is  gradually 
advancing  along  the  various  lines.  Seven 
have  been  added  to  the  membership  and 
attendance  increased.  Never  before  have 
our  prospects  been  as  good  as  at  present." 


Minnesota  : — ^The  following  extract  is 
from  the  report  of  Rev.  J.  J.  Ward,  of 
Kasson.  This  veteran  missionary  is  now 
in  his  82nd  year — the  53rd  of  his  ministry 
and  is  bringing  forth  fruit  in  hi«  old  age. 
He  evidently  did  not  find  the  "  dead  luie 
at  Hfiy. "    Why  should  any  one  ? — 

"  Through  the  goodness  of  God  I  am 
able  to  report,  every  Sabbath  in  my  pulpit, 
every  week  at  our  social  meeting.  The 
spiritual  tone  of  our  church  very 
good  and  pleasant,  and  our  work 
moving  on  smoothly  in  every  de- 
partment. An  addition  of  one  by  letter 
and  one  by  profession  at  our  last  commu- 
nion. We  are  hopeful  for  the  future. 
Our  village  is  not  such  a  centre  of  busi- 
ness as  to  hold  our  young  men  and  women 
of  enterprise,  and  hence  we  have  been  and 
are  still  a  feeder  for  churches  further 
west,  and  for  St.  Paul  and  Minneapolis. 
This  does  not  discourage  us,  tho'  it  bears 
hard  against  the  increase  of  our  local 
strength.  I  think  the  promise  for  the 
future  is  somewhat  brighter." 

Like  any  enthusiastic  Western  youth  he 
insists  that  his  work  has  a  bright  promise 
of  future  growth.  But  whether  his 
church  grows  or  not  it  is  a  little  fountain 
that  is  nourishing  other  churches  in  the 
cities  and  in  the  further  west.  Such  a 
church  demonstrates  its  right  to  be  and 
to  receive  help. 


New  Mexico  : — The  following  touching 
incident  is  given  by  Miss  Alice  J.  Thomas, 
one  of  our  most  faithful  teachers.  It 
illustrates  the  way  the  leaven  works  and 
the  kingdom  comes  to  one  and  another 
without  observation.  There  is  no  more 
potent  agency  than  the  mission  school.  It 
is  like  a  wedge,  it  can  rive  asunder  what 
nothing  else  can  disturb: — 

''Not  long  ago  death  entered  the 
homo  of  a  poor  Mexican  family,  mem- 
bers of  our  church,  and  took  away 
the  youngest  child.       The    parents    are 


1892.] 


Darkness  in  New  Mexico — Note  by  Dr.   Wishurd. 


53 


very  poor,  the  father  being  paralyzed  and 
unable  to  work.  Under  these  circum- 
stances we  did  all  we  could  to  comfort 
them,  giving  financial  aid,  as  well  as  sym- 
pathy. The  evening  before  the  funeral, 
Miss  A.  and  myself  took  a  few  of  the  older 
girls  and  went  to  the  house  and  offered  to 
sing  some  of  the  gospel  songs  in  Spanish. 
The  mother  seemed  very  grateful  and  we 
sang  for  perhaps  an  hour.  While  we  were 
thus  engaged  we  noticed  a  man  (Mexican) 
who  was  in  an  adjoining  room,  leaning 
forward  and  watching  us  with  a  face  so  full 
of  interest,  and  an  expression  so  intense 
as  to  be  almost  startling.  He  listened  at- 
tentively to  every  song.  When  we  went 
away  we  left  some  of  the  hymn-books. 
These  he  read  and  then  said  to  Mrs.  D., 
that  he  did  not  know  that  Protestants 
believed  as  those  songs  read.  He  asked 
her  to  get  a  book  and  learn  the  songs  so 
that  she  could  teach  them  to  him.  He 
said  he  would  willingly  spend  the  whole 
night  learning  them: 

'^  This  man's  home  is  in  a  part  of  the  ter- 
ritory where  there  are  no  Protestant  schools, 
and  no  one  to  tell  of  our  Saviour.  We 
further  learn  that  the  people  are  dissatis- 
fied with  their  priest  and  have  expressed 
a  desire  that  our  Board  would  send  them 
a  teacher.  Thus  the  little  things  become 
mighty  when  it  is  the  Master's  hand  that 
directs  the  work,  'For  we  are  laborers 
together  with  God.' " 


If  in  any  mind  there  linger  a  doubt  as 
to  the  need  of  mission  work  in  New  Mex- 
ico, that  doubt  ought  to  be  dispelled  by 
the  following  account  of  the  burial  of  a 
child  who  died  in  a  "Sisters'  School." 
Such  a  scene  tends  to  confirm  the  belief 
that  Roman  Catholicism,  left  to  itself,  de- 
generates into  heathenism : — 

''Her  remains  were  sent  home,  at 
the  request  of  her  people,  Friday  morn- 
ing. We  went  to  the  house  early,  they 
had  taken  her  out  of  the  coffin  and  laid 


her  on  a  mattress  on  the  floor.  She 
was  neatly  dressed  in  white.  We  went 
again  Saturday  morning,  found  her  lying 
on  the  bare  earth  floor,  her  head  on  a  sod, 
dressed  Indian  style.  She  was  laid  in 
the  grave  on  a  blanket,  covered  with 
earth,  three  jars  of  water  poured  in  and 
then  the  coffin  and  clothing  thrown  in. 
I  will  leave  you  to  imagine  our  feelings. 

'^Now^  these  people  consider  themselves 
Christians.  They  have  had  foot  races 
every  Sunday  afternoon  for  six  weeks, 
ending  yesterday,  and  with  a  war  dance, 
which  lasted  all  night. 

''  The  harvest  is  great,  but  exceedingly 
hard  to  gather  in." 

Bev.  S.  E.  Wishard,  D.  D.,  Synod  of 
Utah,  writes: 

All  at  it.  Why  not?  Why  not  the 
whole  church  lay  hands  upon  the  toil 
which  the  Master  has  given  us  ?  Do  you 
ask,  "  how  ?"  Just  as  we  have  been  doing, 
only  a  little  more  of  it.  Here  is  our  mis- 
sion school  work  among  our  exceptional 
populations.  You  say — "  Let  us  put  this 
money  into  the  preaching  of  the  gospel." 
Indeed !  Have  we  not  been  putting  it  into 
the  preaching  of  the  gospel  in  the  most 
effective  way?  Look  at  the  spectacle  of 
eighty  mission  teachers  toiling  among  and 
teaching  2,000  Mormon  children.  The 
gospel  is  preached  every  school  day  in  the 
week,  and  gathered  up  and  emphasized  on 
the  Sabbath.  It  is  the  gospel  laid  on  the 
child  heart — the  warm  virgin  soil — that 
gives  best  promise  of  fruit.  No.  Let  us 
have  more  mission  school  work  and 
better. 

HOW   IT   WORKS. 

Just  as  Ood  meant  it  should,  and  as  it 
always  has.  The  Christian  life  and  teach- 
ing of  these  devoted  women  gradually  and 
rapidly  takes  hold  of  the  children  whom 
they  instruct.  They  are  won  to  a  loving 
confidence,  and  now  the  door  to  their 
hearts    is    wide    open.     The     truth     is 


54 


Educaiion — StudenCa  Work — ItcUian  Church. 


[J^Vj 


handed  in  and  begins  to  quicken  a  new 
life.  With  this  new  life  comes  the  desire 
to  use  it  for  God,  and  hence  a  thirst  for 
such  an  educational  preparation  as  will 
prepare  these  new  converts  for  the  highest 
usefulness.  Now  the  academy  must  be 
opened,  and  the  college,  and  what?  Why, 
it  has  been  Christian  education  from  be- 
ginning to  end.  Yes,  more  mission  schools 
and  as  much  better  as  we  can  make  them. 

A   POSSIBLE   OUTCOME. 

We  have  been  thinking  it  over.  The 
drift  of  secularism  in  our  public  schools  is 
deep  and  strong.  Looking  down  the 
future  we  see  unsolved  problems  for  the 
church  and  for  our  country.  Are  the 
method  and  fruit  of  our  mission  schools 
yet  to  bring  us  a  solution  of  some  of  the 
questions  that  are  dimly  rising  in  the 
future  ?  Christian  education — not  denomi- 
national merely  as  such — must  yet  cast  the 
leaven  into  the  lump  that  is  to  preserve 
our  nation.  That  education  must  come 
from  the  home,  the  Christian  pulpit,  the 
school  and  college.  The  hint  that  lies 
deep  down  in  the  mission  school  may  have 
a  germ  in  it  that  shall  be  of  utmost  value 
to  the  nation.  It  may  yet  help  us  in 
direst  necessity.     We  will  see. 


Synod  of  Texas. — ^The  following  is 
extracted  from  a  letter  written  by  the 
Synodical  Missionary  of  the  Synod  of 
Texas,  to  one  of  the  student  missionaries 
who  last  summer  labored  in  that  district. 
The  letter  is  valuable,  not  only  as  bearing 
testimony  to  the  extent  and  importance  of 
the  work  accomplished,  but  as  manifest- 


ing the  friendly  and  interesting  relation 
existing  between  our  missionaries  and 
those  of  the  Board  of  Home  Missions: 

If  Princeton  turns  out  an  average  of  men  such  as 
have  been  doing  work  in  Texas  this  summer,  she  is 
to  be  congratulated.  Each  one  of  you  has  dome  ex- 
cellent work.  Nothing  could  be  so  much  desired  as 
for  each  of  you  to  come  into  our  field  at  the  cloee  of 
your  course. 

Mr. and  others,  are  quite  disposed  to  sound 

your  praises  at  Montague.  I  am  thoroughly  glad 
you  came  to  Texas.  Please  tell  the  other  brethren 
from  me,  that  I  hear  only  good  reports  of  each  of 
them. 

WORK  DONE    IN  TEXAS. 

Sabbath-schools  organized, 
Sabbath-schools  reorganized, 
Number  of  teachers, 
Number  of  scholars, 
Volumes  given  away, 
Pages,  tracts  and  papers  given, 
Bibles  and  Testaments  given. 
Families  visited, 


33 

4 

155 

1,380 

1,416 

53,484 

115 

1,287 


Itauan  Church  Anniversary. — The  first 
anniversary  of  the  First  Italian  Presbyterian 
Church  in  Newark,  and  of  the  United  States 
as  well,  was  celebrated  in  the  church  on 
River  street,  May  1 6 .  There  was  a  large  attend- 
ance. The  chief  interest  was  the  announcement 
that  two  American  women  had  succeeded  in 
collecting  $5, 000  toward  a  fund  for  the  building 
of  a  new  church.  The  pastor,  Rev.  Francisco 
Pesaturo,  read  in  English  and  Italian  a  sketch 
of  the  history  of  the  church  from  its  incep- 
tion. Twenty-three  persons  were  admitted 
to  membership,  making  a  total  of  fifty-four 
members;  five  children  have  been  baptized;, 
work  has  been  secured  for  ninety-eight 
Italians,  and  nineteen  children  have  been 
placed  in  Protestant  schools.  During 
the  year  the  has  congregation  contributed 
$175.50.  The  Sunday-school  has  an  attend- 
ance of  from  fifteen  to  twenty  children. 


1892.] 


Mesults  of  (lie  Year. 


66 


Concert  of  (ptdget 
5or  €$utc$  TJJotft  dt  l^otne 


JANUARY,    . 

FEBRUARY, 

MARCH, 

APRIL,      . 

MAY,    . 
JUNE, 
JULY,  . 
AUGUST, 

8BPTEMBBR, 

OCTOBER, 
NOVEMBER, 

DECEMBER, 


The  evaaf  elisation  of  the  great  West. 

The  Indiaoa  of  the  United  States. 

Home  Missions  in  the  older  States. 

City  Evangelisation. 

Our  Foreign  Population. 

.    Our  Missionaries. 

Results  of  the  Year's  Work. 

The  Mormons. 

The  Outlook. 

The  treasury  of  the  Board. 

The  Mexicans. 

The  South. 


EESULTS  OF  THE  YEAR. 

It  will  be  remembered  that  the  fiscal 
year,  just  closed,  began  with  a  debt  of 
198,346.04.  The  General  Assembly  at 
Detroit,  urgently  pressed  upon  the  church 
the  necessity  of  raising,  during  the  year, 
$1,000,000  in  order  to  pay  the  debt  and 
provide  for  the  current  work,  the  work 
already  for  two  years  neglected  on  account 
of  the  debt,  and  the  new  work  which  was 
certain  to  appear  all  over  the  growing 
country,  and  press  its  claims  upon  the 
Board.  This  was  a  modest  estimate,  and 
yet  the  church  has  not  met  it  The 
amount  received  for  these  purposes,  dur- 
ing the  year,  was  1843,353.44,  which  is 
$156,646.56  less  than  the  General  Assem- 
bly recommended.  If  the  Board  had 
spent  as  much  money  as  the  General  As- 
sembly authorized  (which  was  much  less 
than  the  Presbyteries  have  demanded)  the 
debt  would  now  be  just  $156,646.56.  But 
the  Board  has  been  more  cautious  and  con- 
servative than  the  Assembly  or  the  Presby- 
teries, and  so  has  cut  down  the  debt  to 
$67,092.62,  which  is  less  by  $31,253.42 
than  a  year  ago.  This  looks  somewhat 
hopeful,  but  it  must  be  remembered  that 
in  order  to  accomplish  this  reduction  it 
was  necessary  to  cut  down  appropriations 
too  close,  in  very  many  cases,  for  the  com- 
fort and  welfare  of  the  missionaries  and  to 
suspend,  almost  entirely,  for  the  second 
year,  all  aggressive  work. 


The  following  comparative  table,  show- 
ing the  results  of  the  two  years,  will  aid 
us  in  taking  our  bearings: 


Number  of  MiasionarieSf 

**       '*  Missiooary  Teachers, 
Additions  on  Profession  of  Faith, 

"  "  Certificate, 

Total  Membership, 

*'    in  Ck>ngregation8, 
Adult  Baptisms, 
Infant  Baptisms 
Sunday -schools  organized, 
Number  of  Sunday-schools, 
Membership  of  Sunday-schools, 
Church  Edifices  (value  of  same, 

$4,650,281), 
Church  Edifices  built  during  the 

year  (cost  of  same,  1311,861), 
Church  Edifices,  repaired  and 

enlarged,  (cobt  of  same,  $6l,2S5), 
Church  debts  cancelled,  $114,782 

Churches  self-sustaining  this  year,        52 
"       organized,  *'      **  107 

Number  of  Parsonages  (value  $489,- 

064),  d80 


1892 

1891 

1,479 

1,677 

860 

340 

8,808 

10,68:^ 

6,889 

7,408 

93,504 

113,420 

132,651 

156,262 

8,868 

3,861 

4,680 

5,218 

316 

438 

2,190 

2,452 

141,286 

178,169 

1,644 


111 


288 


1,858 

LS5 

291 

$143,863 

39 

139 

397 


It  has  been  a  year  of  both  progress  and 
retrogression — a  year  of  growth  and  a  year 
of  internal  adjustments.  Our  Annual  Be- 
port  together  with  that  splendid  report  of 
the  Assembly's  Standing  Committee  just 
presented  at  Portland,  have  gone  to  all 
parts  of  the  church,  clearly  and  forcibly 
presenting  the  principal  facts  and  figures 
of  the  year's  record.  But  the  statistical 
table  appended  to  the  annual  report  re- 
quires study  in  order  that  its  significance 
may  be  rightly  understood.  If  we  com- 
pare it  with  the  report  of  the  previous 
year  there  are  but  four  items  which  seem 
to  indicate  any  progress.  A  greater  num- 
ber of  teachers  by  twenty  have  been  em- 
ployed, a  greater  number  of  churches  by 
thirteen  (or  thirty- three  per  cent.)  have 
assumed  self-support.  More  money  has 
been  received  from  the  several  sources,  for 
current  use  than  during  the  year  before, 
and  in  consequence  the  debt  has  been  re- 
duced thirty-one  per  cent. 

Every  remaining  item  in  the  table  seems 
to  indicate  retrogression.  But  a  compari- 
son with  the  corresponding  items  in  last 


56 


Results  of  the   Year — Letters. 


U^yy 


year's  report  reveals  interesting  and  en- 
couraging facts.  Take  the  first  item — the 
number  of  missionaries  employed.  In 
1891  we  reported  1,677.  In  1892  the 
number  was  1,479 — a  decrease  of  198.  In 
five  states  we  employed  the  same  number 
each  year.  In  eleven  states  and  territor- 
ies we  employed  a  greater  number  by  23 
than  the  previous  year,  but  the  increase 
in  each  is  so  small  as  to  be  attributed  to 
local  causes.  In  28  states  and  the  Indian 
Territory  we  employed  a  smaller  number 
by  211.  Leaving  out  of  the  account  those 
states  where  the  decrease  is  so  small  as  to 
be  attributed  to  local  and  temporary  causes, 
we  have  three  assignable  causes  which  ex- 
actly account  for  the  decrease. 

(1.)  Synodical  sustentation  in  Ohio,  In- 
diana, Pennsylvania,  and  in  the  Synod  of 
Baltimore,  and.  progress  toward  self -sus- 
tentation in  several  other  states  have  taken 
a  large  number  of  missionaries  from  our 
roll  and  provided  for  their  support. 

(2.)  In  nearly  all  of  the  states  that  re- 
main, where  the  decrease  is  at  all  consid- 
erable, the  Board  in  summer  of  1890, 
employed  students  from  the  seminaries. 
None  were  so  employed  during  the  last 
fiscal  year.  The  exact  reduction  in  these 
two  classes  of  synods  is  146. 

(3.)  If  we  add  to  this  number  the  num- 
ber of  churches  that  reached  self-supportj 
viz.  52,  we  have  the  diminution  account- 
ed for. 

Synodical  sustentation  will  also  account 
in  part  for  the  reduced  number  of  mem- 
bers received,  total  membership,  Sunday- 
school  scholars,  etc.,  since  their  statistics 
are  not  reported  to  us  as  they  were  the 
previous  year.  Synodical  sustentation  in 
all  the  states  in  which  it  has  been  at- 
tempted, except  in  New  York  and  New 
Jersey,  also  reduces  our  income,  while  it 
relieves  us  of  the  support  of  their  work, 
and  thus  balances,  or  more  than  balances 
the  account  in  our  favor.  That  is  to  say, 
the  report  this  year  does  not  and  cannot 


show  all  the  results  of  the  year's  work  in 
the  interests  of  Home  Missions.  But  the 
more  carefully  the  facts  are  studied,  the 
more  does  the  record  of  the  year  commend 
the  care  and  wisdom  of  the  Board  in  the 
management  of  its  great  trust,  and  the 
broader  ground  does  it  give  us  upon  which 
to  build  our  hope  for  the  future.  But  it 
is  not  enough  that  we  remain  as  we  were 
last  year.  To  remain  as  we  were  is  to  go 
backward.  The  country  doesn't  stand  still. 
States  coming  into  the  Union,  territories 
forming  with  population  sufficient  for 
statehood.  Cities  by  the  hundreds  build- 
ing up  all  over  the  land,  villages  multiply- 
ing by  the  thousands,  and  the  great  Pres- 
byterian church  standing  still !  The  church 
which  was  the  pioneer  Protestant  denomi- 
nation on  this  continent,  the  church  whose 
heroic  missionaries  were  the  pathfinders 
across  the  continent,  the  church  which 
has  been  the  pioneer  in  a  majority  of  the 
states  and  territories  of  the  Union,  ought 
not  lightly  to  esteem  its  heritage,  nor 
easily  to  surrender  its  Grod-appointed  place 
among  the  forces  that  are  destined  to  re- 
generate this  country  and  the  world.  With 
our  wealth  and  influence  and  numbers  and 
vantage  ground  we  are  recreant  to  our 
trust  if  we  bear  not  our  portion  of  the 
burden  with  our  sister  denominations. 


%tiitxt. 


CADDO,  INDIAN  TERRITORY. 

Rrv.  H.  a.  Tucker: — In  this  report  I  ask 
company  on  a  missionary  journey  to  the  home 
of  the  Red  Man.  On  the  trip  you  will  have  a 
glimpse  of  life  among  the  Choctaws. 

On  horseback  we  leave  Talihina.  This  place 
is  on  the  railroad,  mid  way  between  Paris,  Texas ; 
and  Fort  Smith,  Arkansas.  We  will  visit  Mount 
Zion,  this  is  an  Indian  church  forty  miles  from 
the  rail  road.  Mr.  Peter  J.  Hudson  will  go 
before  us  as  guide  and  interpreter.  He  is  a  li- 
centiate of  Choctaw  Presbytery  supplying  the 


1892.] 


Home  of  the  Red  Men — Dedication  at  Maplewood. 


57 


churches  of  Mount  Zion  and  Big  Lick  with  preach- 
ing. For  his  field  of  labor  he  is  well  qualified. 
As  a  pupil  he  was  six  years  in  Spencer  Academy 
of  the  Choctaw  Nation,  five  years  in  Drury 
College  of  Springfield,  Missouri,  and  three  years 
in  Hartford  Theological  Seminary. 

The  only  person  we  meet  during  the  day  is  an 
Indian  man.  After  a  friendly  handshake  he  en- 
gages in  conversation  with  our  guide.  The  in- 
terpreter informs  us  he  said  "  I  want  to  do  good, 
when  the  minister  comes  again  I  will  go  over 
the  mountain  with  him  and  stay  until  he  comes 
back."  Now,  we  are  to  climb  the  mountain.  It 
is  very  steep ;  our  path  winds  to  the  right ;  now  to 
left,  up,  up  we  go.  On  foot  we  are  safer ;  let  us 
dismount.  The  path  is  narrow  and  hard  to  climb. 
My  feet  slip  and  I  am  lying  full  length  on  the 
ground .  My  horse  is  about  to  step  on  me ;  sprin  g- 
ing  to  my  feet  I  say  "all  right,  no  harm  done." 
Continuing  to  climb  we  reach  the  mountain  top 
in  safety.  Here  we  will  rest  for  a  few  minutes. 
Above  us  the  sky  is  blue.  Around  are  tall  pine 
trees.  At  a  distance  you  see  narrow  valleys  and 
high,  barren  mountains.  Not  a  house  in  sight, 
nor  a  sound  heard  except  the  going  of  the  wind 
in  the  tops  of  the  pine  trees.  As  Jesus  prayed 
on  the  top  of  a  mountain,  this  is  a  good  place  for 
us  to  send  up  a  petition  in  His  name.  As  the 
wind  moves  in  the  tops  of  the  trees  so  may  thy 
spirit,  Oh  I  Lord,  move  on  the  hearts  of  thy  people, 
leading  them  to  give  cheerfully  to  the  Board  of 
Home  Missions  for  the  support  and  spread  of  the 
gospel.  Then  shall  the  needs  of  the  Red  Man 
be  supplied,  and  he  shall  flourish  as  a  palm  tree 
and  grow  as  a  cedar  in  Lebanon. 

Our  journey  is  not  over.  Let  us  mount  and 
move  onward.  After  being  in  the  saddle  all  day 
when  darkness  is  gathering  about  us,  we  ask, 
how  far  to  Mount  Zion  ?  The  answer  comes, 
five  miles  more,  then  you  can  rest.  At  the  close 
of  the  day  we  are  sittingby  a  blazing  fire  in  a  log 
cabin.  Indians  are  sitting  around  the  fire,  laugh- 
ing and  talking.  We  are  pleased  to  hear  them 
laugh.  Coming  to  the  supper  table  we  have 
coffee,  corn  bread  and  boiled  beef.  Soon  after 
the  meal  we  find  rest  in  sleep.  At  the  coming  of 
the  morning  we  are  out  in  the  yard.     Here  we 


see  a  fiock  of  geese,  some  chickens  and  seven  dogs. 
There  is  a  stump  near  the  house ;  it  serves  the 
family  as  a  mill.  A  hollow  has  been  burnt  into 
the  stump ;  in  it  corn  is  placed  and  pounded  with 
a  pestle  into  meal.  The  bread  we  ate  last  night 
was  made  from  meal  prepared  in  this  way.  We 
are  in  a  valley  about  fifteen  miles  in  length  and 
two  miles  and  a  half  wide.  There  is  not  a  white 
person  living  in  this  valley.  In  the  neighborhood 
school  they  have  thirty-six  pupils.  They  use 
English  school  books,  but  they  are  instructed  in 
Chocth,w.  The  children  do  not  know  how  to 
talk  English.  Now  we  will  walk  over  to  the 
meeting  house.  It  is  made  of  logs.  Four  families 
are  camping  on  the  ground.  At  the  blowing  of 
the  horn  the  people  come  together  for  worship. 
Count  the  audience  and  you  will  find  one  hund- 
red and  twenty -fi  ve  present.  They  hear  the  word 
gladly.  Two  persons  are  asking  the  Lord's  peo- 
ple to  pray  for  them.  Paul  Stephen  is  elected 
and  ordained  as  deacon.  One  infant  is  baptized 
and  the  sacran^ent  of  the  Lord's  supper  is  admin- 
istered. One  dollai  and  seventy  cents  is  given 
to  send  the  gospel  to  needy  fields. 


DEDICATION   AT   MAPLEWOOD,    MINN. 

Thursday  Dec.  17th  was  a  red  letter  day  for 
the  people  of  Maplewood.  At  that  time  their 
commodious  church  building,  costing  |1, 500.00 
was  dedicated.  The  sermon  was  preached  by 
the  pastor.  Rev.  A.  C.  Pettit,  to  whose  un- 
tiring labors,  seconded  by  his  efficient  wife,  may 
be  attributed  the  success  which  has  so  richly  at- 
tended the  work  of  that  society.  It  was  encourag- 
ing to  see,  in  that  long-neglected  community, 
which  for  four  years  worshipped  in  a  little  log 
school  house,  a  congregation  composed  of  Ger- 
mans. Scandinavians  and  representatives  .from 
various  states — fill  to  overflowing  their  new 
church  home.  The  platform  and  aisles  showed 
the  industry  of  the  ladies,  who  provided  a  neat 
rag  carpet  for  the  same.  The  opera  chairs  with 
which  it  is  seated  give  it  a  home-like  appear- 
ance ;  and  on  a  table  near  the  pulpit  was  dis- 
played a  costly  communion  service,  the  gift  of 
some  ladies  in  New  Haven,  Conn.  The  consecra- 
tion and  self-denying  efforts  ot  the  people  of  this 


58 


The  Mormon  Situation, 


[July, 


congregation  are  worthy  of  imitation.  Though 
linng  in  the  woods  where  farms  are  small  and 
money  scarce,  they  like  the  people  of  Kehemiah's 
time  used  their  trowels,  saws,  etc.,  for  the  build- 
ing of  the  walls,  In  more  than  one  case  men 
have  given  three  fuU  months  work  on  the  church. 
The  Sabbath  School  children  to  purchase  seats, 
picked  berries  and  raised  chickens  which  were 
sold  for  that  purpose.  The  pastor,  clothed  with 
his  overalls  and  armed  with  his  hammer,  plane 
and  saw,  spent  many  days  working  with  the  men, 
thus  showing  the  people  that  he  can  follow  his 
Master  even  in  that  way.  Several  kind  friends, 
whose  charity  may  commence,  but  does  not  end 
at  home,  contributed  liberally  to  the  good  work. 
The  people  feel  very  grateful  to  the  Board  of 
Church  Erection  for  their  timely  aid  in  giving 
$400.00  which  enabled  them  to  complete  the 
building  free  of  debt  and  to  show  their  apprecia- 
tion they  contributed  $16.00  to  this  Board — their 
first  offering  in  the  new  church. 

Sam'l  R.  Ferouson. 


UTAH. 

Rev.  Jab.  Thompson,  Bmithfield  :—YinX\  As  to 
the  political  situation ;  the  Mormons  are  bewil- 
dered, and  party  politics  has  created  not  a  little 
strife  among  themselves.  I  think  the  movement 
is  an  entering  wedge  to  weaken  the  Priestcraft. 
The  Democrats  are  going  over  to  the  Republicans 
as  they  see  that  the  latter  party  is  in  power. 

It  is  my  opinion,  that  the  political  movement 
on  national  lines  is  a  scheme  for  Mormon  power 
as  far  as  they  are  concerned,  and  that  every  man 
that  has  gone  in  hand  and  glove  with  them  from 
the  liberal  party,  has  done  so  for  mean,  selfish 
purposes,  and  such  can  no  more  be  trusted  than 
the  Mormons  themselves.  Yet,  I  believe  that 
Qod  is  permitting  all  this  trickery  and  political 
fraud  to  consummate  the  problem  of  Utah,  and  it 
will  terminate  finally  in  an  open  door  to  the 
preaching  of  the  GK>spel,  when  In  the  long  suffer- 
ing of  Gk>d  the  whole  thing  shall  be  fully  ex- 
posed as  a  scheme  rotten  to  the  very  core. 
God  will  not  let  the  labor  and  prayer  of  the  peo- 
ple pass  without  a  harvest.    He  will  not  be  our 


debtor — but  in  due  season  we  shall  reap  if  we 
faint  not. 

Second:  The  moral  situation.  The  Mormon 
people  have  no  respect  for  the  Sabbath,  and  in  that 
respect,  there  is  no  disagreement  among  them. 

Third :  They  are  open  advocates  of  intemper- 
ance, holding  ttiat  it  is  right  and  proper  that  a 
man  should  drink  liquor  as  a  beverage.  In  this 
there  is  no  split  among  them,  and  they  most 
practically  demonstrate  their  belief,  and  are 
staunch  and  faithful  supporters  of  the  rum- 
sellers.  As  for  their  veracity  and  chastity,  they 
are  well  known,  and  need  no  comment. 

It  will  always  be  a  standing  joke  on  the  Amer- 
can  people  accepting  Woodruff's  ''Manifesto  of 
the  Suspension  of  Polygamy."  If  people  do  not 
live  in  polygamy  here  in  my  field,  then  let  my 
tongue  cleave  to  the  roof  of  my  mouth. 

Third:  Religious  situation.  The  Mormon  re- 
ligion is  a  human  religion,  and  is  most  admirably 
adapted  to  man  in  his  corrupt  natural  state,  (1) 
It  takes  for  granted  that  man  by  nature  is  a  re- 
ligious animal ;  (2)  That  he  is  an  irreligious  ani- 
mal; (8)  That  those  two  characteristics  of  the 
natural  heart  must  be  fully  satisfied ;  and  nothing 
but  an  absolute  Priestcraft  could  complete  the 
harmony  of  such  a  religion. 

Please  excuse  my  rather  lengthy  introduction, 
but  I  want  to  impress  the  Board  that  the  mis- 
sionaries of  Utah  have  something  to  contend 
with.  You  know  this,  I  am  well  aware,  but  I 
stir  up  your  pure  minds  by  way  of  remembrance. 

THE  WORK  AT  8MITHFIELD. 

We  have  observed  the  regular  means  of  grace 
during  the  quarter,  preaching  alternate  Sab- 
baths, morning  and  evening,  and  holiday  week 
by  prayer  meetings.  Attendance  has  been  of  a 
usual  character,  sometimes  few  Mormons  and 
sometimes  a  goodly  number.  I  have  attempted 
special  services  twice,  but  am  unable  to  report 
any  definite  result.  Oh,  for  an  open  door  in 
this  field  I  I  cannot  reach  this  people,  what  I 
mean  by  reaching  them,  is:  That  the  sinner  will 
meet  his  Saviour. 

I  had  hoped  to  secure  a  hearing  from  the  lead- 
ing Mormons,  but  they  would  not  enter  our 
Chapel.     Nevertheless,  I  determined  to  know 


1892.] 


Mormonigm — Churches  Orgcmzed, 


59 


them,  and  being  aware  of  their  great  lack  of 
business  information,  I  proposed  to  the  leading 
men  to  teach  a  commercial  course  which  they 
at  once  accepted,  and  I  have  had  thirty  in  my 
class  for  about  six  weelLS,  instructing  them  in 
commercial  branches;  thus  we  became  well  ac- 
quainted, and  they  evidently  evinced  a  most 
profound  respect  for  my  knowledge  of  the 
science,  reposing  implicit  confidence  in  me,  em- 
ploying me  to  prepare  an  annual  report  of  a 
large  flour-milling  corporation  owning  exten- 
sive property,  thus  giving  all  vouchers  and 
books  over  to  be  audited  by  me  for  a  financial 
settlement  of  grave  disputes  that  had  arisen 
among  them.  But  while  I  gained  their  respect 
and  confidence,  I  did  not  secure  their  attendance 
at  public  worship.  We  luive  had  no  services  here 
for  three  weeks,  the  town  being  quarantined 
on  account  of  diphtheria,  and  all  public  gather- 
ings and  all  school  work  suspended. 

In  Richmond  everything  has  moved  in  the 
usual  way,  and  I  have  given  extra  time  tliere  on 
account  of  quarantine  here.  In  the  latter  part 
of  this  quarter,  the  attendance  on  public  wor- 
ship has  not  been  as  good  as  formerly,  but  then, 
that  is  nothhig  unusual,  for  attendance  is  always 
up  and  down.  You  don't  know  when  there  will 
be  a  house  full  nor  when  there  will  be  a  house 
empty,  in  fact,  they  pride  themselves  on  being  a 
peculiar  people.  They  are  not  unlike  the  In- 
dians lying  in  ambush.  They  will  sally  forth  as 
by  magic  until  they  fill  the  house  and  the  yard 
itself,  and  then  again  scarcely  one  can  be  seen 
anywhere.  If  one  makes  a  careful  announce- 
ment of  preaching,  and  invites  them  most  cor- 
dially, you  will  in  all  probability  have  an  empty 
house.  But,  if  you  come  dashing  through  the 
town  unexpectedly,  and  without  notice  of  any 
preaching  and  ring  the  bell,  you  will  most  likely 
have  a  full  house,  because  they  are  a  **  peculiar 
people." 


WISCONSIN. 

Rkv.  W.  D.  Thomas,  La  Oras8e:—We  have 
done  better  work,  wielded  larger  infiuence  and 
secured  greater  visible  triumphs  than  any  pre- 
ceding year  of   our  history.     Our  gifts  as  a 


Synod  are  greatly  in  advance  of  our  previous 
record.  New  church  buildings  are  a  marked 
feature  of  our  advancement.  In  Superior,  Janes- 
ville,  Madison,  Eau  Claire  1st  and  Oconto  costly 
and  beautiful  structures  are  just  finished;  while 
churches  less  pretentious,  but  attractive  and 
useful,  have  been  built  in  West  Salem,  Bayfield, 
Eilbourn  City,  North  £uu  Claire,  Greenwood, 
Taylor,  Racine  (Bohemian),  Melnik,  near  Mani- 
towoc (Bohemian),  Green  Bay  (French)  and  Win- 
neconnie,  a  mission  chapel  near  Wausau  and  two 
mission  chapels  in  La  Crosse. 

We  have  organized  five  (5)  Bohemian  churches : 
one  in  Melnik,  near  Manitowoc ;  one  in  Caledo- 
nia, near  Racine;  one  in  Muscoda;  one  in  Blue 
River,  and  the  Fb^t  Bohemian  Church  of  Ra- 
cine— 250  Bohemians  received  on  confession  of 
faith.  Also  one  (German  church  in  Milwaukee — 
50  members  received  on  confession. 

We  have  organized  thirteen  (18)  English 
churches:  Eau  Claire  (North),  South  Superior, 
"Steel  Plant,"  Superior,  Morse,  Trim  Belle,  Oak 
Grove,  Monroe,  Ashland  (2d),  Kewaunee,  Stiles, 
Greenwood,  Shortville  and  Taylor— in  all,  308  on 
confession.  Making  a  total,  in  churches  organ- 
ized of  Bohemians,  Germans  and  English,  of  608 
on  confession. 

OKLAHOMA. 

Rev.  C.  H.  Miller,  El  Beno:— -Your  long  ex- 
pected letter  in  regard  to  a  student  for  the  sum- 
mer is  at  hand.  I  am  truly  glad  that  I  can  plan 
to  carry  out  the  program  and  push  the  pioneer 
work.  Please  send  me  the  man  as  soon  as  pos- 
sible. The  work  in  the  new  lands  needs  to  be 
looked  after.  It  will  not  bear  fruit  at  once. 
There  is  much  to  be  done  in  preparing  the 
way ;  but  the  results  will  come  in  due  time.  I 
will  push  the  campaign  and  endeavor  to  hold 
the  ground ;  but  the  work  is  very  great  and  the 
workers  very  few.  Will  you  kindly  inform  me 
whether  the  Board  has  in  view  the  occupancy 
of  the  new  lands?  Has  any  man  been  delegated 
to  hold  the  six  new  counties  west  of  El  Reno? 
These  counties  embrace  an  area  as  large  as  old 
Oklahoma,  where  we  have  ten  ministers.  Ought 
not  one  or  two  men  be  sent  to  tJie  front  t 


60 


Report  from  Minnesota — Storm  in  Indian  Territory, 


[July, 


The  county  Beats  are  from  forty  to  seventy 
miles  apart.  To  give  them  one  service  in  six 
weeks,  I  would  have  to  travel  over  850  miles. 
At  this  rate,  each  town  would  receive  three  ser- 
vices this  summer.  More  must  be  done,  or  we 
cannot  hold  the  field,  much  less  build  up.  We 
ought  to  have  two  men  at  once  for  these  new 
counties.  Can't  the  Board  commission  them? 
Shall  we  linger?  Shall  we  delay  till  our  oppor- 
tunity is  gone?  Brethren,  this  is  our  field.  Our 
people  are  pouring  in  from  all  parts  of  the  coun- 
try.   We  ought  to  care  for  them. 

In  regard  to  the  work  in  old  Oklahoma,  now 
is  the  time  to  push  that.  We  want  to  be  in 
front ;  but  we  must  not  relax  our  efforts  in  the 
older  settled  part  of  the  country.  We  have  a 
good  record.  We  not  only  organfze  congrega- 
tions, but  we  build  churches;  not  only  gather, 
but  feed  the  flock.  Then  the  people  of  Okla- 
homa are  so  largely  Presbyterian.  We  do  not 
have  to  fight  for  recognition  as  a  church.  We 
are  near  the  heart  of  the  masses ;  we  can  and  do 
reach  them.  I  will  endeavor  to  look  after  the 
work  at  Mulhall  till  the  man  comes.  Is  Ed- 
mond  supplied  yet?  It  is  an  important  field.  I 
trust  the  men  will  be  on  the  ground  at  an  early 
date. 

MINNESOTA. 

Rev.  R.  N.  Adams,  D.D.,  Sup't:— The  time  to 
render  an  account  to  you  has  again  arrived.  And 
I  do  so  most  cheerfully  and  gratefully.  Minne- 
sota is  still  advancing,  and  the  outlook  for  the 
future  was  never  so  bright  and  hopeful.  We 
have  been  pushing  our  work  vigorously  all 
along  the  line;  our  fields  are  mor^  fully  and 
better  supplied  than  at  any  time  since  I 'entered 
upon  the  work.  We  expect  in  this  Synodical 
year  to  bring  at  least  ten  fields  to  self-support. 
Already  Crookston,  Willmar,  Pipestone,  Lou- 
verne,  Owatoma  have  declared  their  independ- 
ence, and  there  are  five  other  fields  we  believe 
will  do  so  before  the  Synodical  year  closes. 

Since  my  last  report  we  have  added  to  our  roll 
of  organizations  four  churches,  namely:  Elim 
and  Bethany  Presbyterian  Churches,  St.  Paul 
Presbytery ;  Round  Lake  and  Guyfellow  Presby- 


terian Churches  of  Mankato  Presbytery.  In 
May  we  expect  to  organize  four  more— one  in 
Red  River,  one  in  Duluth,  and  two  in  Mankato 
Presbyteries.  We  will  be  reinforced  from  the 
several  theological  seminaries  by  eleven  seniors. 


INDIAN  TERRITORY. 

THE  STORM. 

Rev.  Eli  John  son,  DtoigTU  Mission: — D  wight 
has  passed  through  another  serious  trouble.  On 
Tuesday  evening  of  last  week  we  had  a  shower 
of  rain  and  hail ;  then  a  terrible  wind  that  shook 
the  mission  building  from  centre  to  circumfer- 
ence. The  girls  all  gathered  in  the  hall,  some 
crying,  some  screaming,  others  leaning  on  the 
arm  of  their  foster-mother  with  a  hope  that  she 
could  save  them,  while  I  remained  at  the  front 
door  to  keep  it  shut,  and  to  keep  the  girls  in  the 
house.  The  cyclone  lasted  only  a  minute  or  two, 
and  was  then  followed  by  a  very  heavy  shower 
of  rain.  After  it  had  partially  subsided  we  went 
out,  and  then  and  there  saw  the  effect.  Seven- 
teen trees  out  of  twenty-three  in  the  campus 
were  either  uprooted  or  broken  off.  The  wood- 
house  was  torn  into  kindling  wood.  The  other 
outbuildings  were  some  torn  to  pieces,  others 
upset ;  while  the  fences  were  torn  down  and  rails 
scattered  in  every  direction.  It  was  about  7  p. 
m.  when  it  happened.  That  stately  elm  standing 
west  of  the  laundry  building,  that  was  so  much 
admired  by  every  one,  w^  blown  far  enough  east 
to  injure  part  of  the  roof  of  the  old  building. 
Its  roots  and  the  earth  were  raised  up  considera- 
bly on  the  west,  and  the  main  body  was  cracked 
from  the  ground  quite  a  distance  up  the  tree. 

Stock  roamed  at  will  next  morning.  Our  hogs 
had  a  breakfast  of  sweet  potatoes  that  had  been 
planted  tlie  day  before.  The  "middle  wall  of 
partition  "  was  broken  dowp  between  the  cows 
and  calves,  and  they  were  having  a  reunion.  The 
Mission  buildings  are  all  safe,  and  no  one  is  killed, 
no  one  is  hurt.  A  pig  was  killed,  and  a  cow 
badly  hurt.  Our  peach  trees  (nearly  all)  and 
quite  a  large  number  of  apple  trees  are  blown 
out  of  root.  It  has  cost  us  a  great  deal  of  labor 
and  some  money  to  repair  things  and  remove  the 


1892.] 


Letter  from  Nebraska. 


61 


debris.  The  girls  had  been  working  in  the  laun- 
dry, and  intended  to  return  after  supper,  and  had 
left  a  fire ;  and,  had  it  not  been  for  the  timely  ef- 
forts of  James  Meade,  it  would  have  been  in 
ashes,  for  the  wind  blew  the  door  open  and  scat- 
tered the  fire  in  every  direction,  and  while  James 
was  trying  to  extinguish  the  fire  inside  the  build- 
ing, he  became  thoroughly  drenched  with  the  rain 
outside  the  building.  SuflSce  it  to  say  that,  with 
all  our  family  of  38  persons,  none  were  injured; 
for  which  we  are  thankful.  Our  school  is  doing 
well,  with  32  boarding  pupils. 


NEBRASKA, 

Rev.  Thomas  L.  Sexton,  I).  D  ,  Sup't:—The 
leaflets  have  come,  and  I  can  use  them  to  advan- 
tage. We  have  much  to  encourage  us  in  our  work 
this  year.  We  have  had  an  immense  crop,  and  the 
poor  people  are  trying  to  pay  their  debts.  The 
spirit  of  God  is  at  work  in  our  State.  Fifty  new 
members  were  recently  received  into  the  Beatrice 
Church,  giving  a  membership  of  488.  The  sec- 
ond church  of  that  city  will  be  organized  Jan.  Sd. 
Beatrice  is  now  the  third  city  in  the  State,  rank- 
ing next  to  Lincoln  in  size. 

The  Knox  Church,  Omaha,  received  fifty  new 
members  last  babbath,  and  more  are  expected. 
The  Second  Church  of  Lincoln,  not  yet  three 
years  old,  has  a  membership  of  800,  and  is  all  the 
time  growing.  You  will  remember  that  the 
Board  paid  the  entire  salary  of  Rev.  C.  E.  Brandt, 
their  pastor,  for  the  first  six  months,  and  that 
the  church  became  self-supporting  in  eighteen 
months  from  the  time  it  was  organized.  That 
church  has  under  its  care  a  flourishing  mission 
Sabbath  school,  which  may  develop  into  a  church. 

We  are  about  to  lose  two  of  our  good  workers. 
Rev.  R.  M.  L.  Braden,  of  Edgar,  goes  to  Golden, 
Colorado.  Rev.  John  C.  Sloan,  of  Rushville,  has 
been  selected  as  the  financial  agent  of  our  Omaha 
Theological  Seminary,  and  will  have  to  give  up 
his  pastorate,  in  order  to  give  his  whole  time  to 
the  work.  We  expect  to  push  forward  this  Sem- 
inary enterprise  with  all  possible  vigor,  and  make 
it  a  Home  Missionary  seminary. 

A  short  time  since  one  of  the  McCormick  boys 
called  to  see  me  here,  and  he  assured  me  that  the 


Foreign  Mission  students  seem  to  think  that  th^ 
young  men  who  are  anxious  to  work  at  home 
are  lacking  in  consecration.  I  wish  we  could 
have  some  young  man  in  our  seminaries  start  a 
movement  among  our  students  in  behalf  of  Home 
Missions.  If  such  a  movement  could  be  started, 
it  would  teU  on  our  work. 

The  last  three  months  have  sped  their  way 
very  rapidly,  and  left  their  mark  on  our  State. 
While  no  great  deeds  have  been  performed,  each 
man  in  his  own  field  has  been  pushing  forward 
the  work.  During  these  three  months  the  sev- 
eral Presbyteries  have  held  their  meetings  and 
the  Synod  has  met  in  annual  consultation.  At 
these  gatherings  much  time,  thought  and  discus- 
sion have  been  given  to  the  question  of  raising 
funds  and  a  more  economical  grouping  of  our 
fields  so  as  to  save  both  men  and  means. 

Our  ministers  are  in  hearty  accord  with  the 
action  of  the  last  (General  Assembly  regarding 
the  funds  needed  for  mission  work,  and  at  the 
Synod  decided  to  make  an  apportionment  among 
tho  Presbyteries,  such  as  will  secure  an  advance 
of  not  less  than  20  per  cent,  in  our  benevolent 
contributions.  These  several  amounts  are  again 
to  be  re-apportioned  among  the  churches  so  that 
each  one  may  know  what  is  expected  in  order  to 
meet  the  present  urgent  demand.  We  have  rea- 
son to  be  grateful  for  the  early  and  latter  rains 
which  have  caused  the  earth  to  yield  an  abun- 
dant harvest.  We  are  doing  what  can  be  done 
to  secure  supplies  for  our  own  vacant  churches, 
and  since  my  last  report  was  made,  we  have  wel- 
comed several  recruits  to  our  noble  band  of 
workers. 

The  Rev.  J.  C.  Gilkerson,  of  Calliope,  Iowa, 
has  been  located  at  Seward,  Rev.  J.  D.  Walkin- 
shaw,  of  Aledo,  Illinois,  at  Fairbury,  Rev.  W. 
V.  Chapin,  of  Griswold,  Iowa,  at  Ansley  and 
Litchfield,  and  Rev.  W.  M.  Porter,  of  Blackhawk, 
Colorado,  at  Nelson.  Rev.  R.  H.  Fulton,  of 
Homer  City,  Pa.,  has  accepted  a  call  to  €k)rdon 
and  Clinton,  and  will  very  soon  enter  upon  his 
work,  provided  the  debt  does  not  hinder  the 
Home  Board  from  aiding  in  his  support. 

Several  changes  have  taken  place  in  removals 
from  one  field  to  another,  Rev.  N.  Chesnut  has 


62 


Nebratka — Kanaaa —  Wiaoonain. 


[J^y, 


moved  from  Seward  to  Fremont,  and  has  been 
installed  as  pastor.  Rev.  L.  D.  Wells  has  ac- 
cepted a  call  to  Holdrege  and  has  moved  from 
Waterloo  to  that  place,  where  his  formal  instal- 
lation took  place  Oct.  28.  Rev.  Chas.  H.  Brou- 
illette  has  moved  from  Alexandria  to  Beatrice 
where  he  is  at  work  in  gathering  together  the 
Second  church.  Licentiate  G.  N.  Armstrong  has 
moved  from  Long  City  to  Ravenna,  where  he  is 
supplying  the  churches  of  Berg  and  Cherry 
Creek.  Rev.  J.  D.  Howey  has  closed  his  labors 
at  Fairmount  and  Sawyer,  and  is  on  the  outlook 
for  another  field.  Rev.  W.  A.  Pollock  has  con- 
cluded his  work  at  Axtell  and  Ragan,  and  will 
soon  be  re-located.  Rev.  F.  P.  Baker  has  re- 
moved to  Michigan  and  left  our  church  vacant 
at  Wayne.  Rev.  R.  M.  L.  Braden,  of  Edgar, 
has  received  and  accepted  a  call  to  Golden,  Colo- 
rado, and  will  leave  us  at  the  beginning  of  the 
New  Year,  Rev.  W.  D.  Patton  has  taken 
Tamora  with  Staplehurst,  and  is  also  supplying 
Raymond  and  Little  Salt.  This  gives  him  four 
churches,  and  requires  him  to  preach  three  times 
every  Sabbath. 

On  the  first  of  ■  November  I  organized  the 
Winnebiigo  Indian  church  with  ten  members.  It 
is  in  Niobrara  Presbytery.  I  have  dedicated 
two  church  buildings:  Bethany  in  Holt  county 
and  Sumner  in  Dawson  county.  The  first  cost 
|800  and  the  second  |1,660.  We  are  needing, 
and  must  have  some  more  good  men  in  order  to 
carry  on  our  work  with  more  vigor  and  success. 
Our  ministers  are  now  conducting  special  servi- 
ces in  many  places  and  are  confidently  expect- 
ing showers  of  blessings  from  above.  This  is 
our  greatest  need  at  the  present  time,  and  for 
this  we  all  labor  and  pray. 


KANSAS. 

Rev.  W.  R.  Vincent: — The  last  quarter  has 
been  one  that  was  marked  with  very  bad  weather 
and  roads  for  Kansas.  One  Sabbath  I  was  not 
able  to  fulfill  my  appointment  owing  to  extreme 
inclemency  of  the  day— nor  did  many  of  the  peo- 
ple reach  the  church.  Notwithstanding  the  re- 
moval of  two  of  our  important  families  the 
church  of  B.  is  hopeful. 


For  the  past  winter  there  has  been  a  quickened 
spirit  of  prayer  and  giving  and  two  weeks  ago 
to-day  we  commenced  a  series  of  meetings— first 
we  had  two  meetings  in  private  houses  away 
from  the  church.  At  the  first  we  had  20  per- 
sons present,  one  said  when  he  came  in  "  I  won't 
go  tomorrow  night  it*s  too  stormy."  When  we 
closed  that  service,  he  spoke  out  to  some  from 
•the  village.  "  If  you  will  get  me  a  load  111  go 
by  town  with  my  wagon  and  take  a  load  if  It  does 
rain.  He  got  a  load  and  we  had  40  the  next 
night.  There  were  near  40  hands  went  up  in 
these  two  meetings  saying  we  will  pray  for  some 
one  by  name.  We  continued  our  meeting  in 
the  church  up  to  last  night  and  expect  to  con- 
tinue it  further  this  week.  We  received  six  on 
profession  yesterday  and  expect  more  in  the 
near  future.  Two  or  three  whole  families  will 
come  soon  we  think.  The  constant  rain  and  bad 
roads  have  kept  some  away  that  will  [strengthen 
us.  Then  we  hope  to  see  the  spirit  of  self-sup- 
port begin  to  grow.  In  the  fact  that  we  have 
lost  so  by  removals  the  men  seem  discouraged 
about  increasing  the  sum  raised  in  the  field. 
Our  young  men  of  small  incomes  are  beginning 
to  talk  self  support  and  I  think  they  will  do 
good  in  that  line. 

Our  Sunday-school  is  quite  a  healthy  institu- 
tion and  from  it  came  five  of  the  six  additions  of 
yesterday.  It  is  not  just  a  place  to  go  on  Sab- 
bath morn  but  it  is  a  place  for  work  for  the  Mas- 
ter. Besides  the  Sunday-school  and  the  Young 
People's  Society  Christian  Endeavor,  our  young- 
er clase  of  teachers  and  scholars  have  organized 
a  class  to  train  workers.  The  idea  is  to  tiy  to 
get  the  use  of  the  sword  of  the  spirit. 


WISCONSIN. 
Rev.  Richard  A.  Clark:— Everything  in 
our  churches  here  and  at  Fancy  Creek  seems  to 
be  moving  on  harmoniously  and  I  think  with  in- 
creasing interest.  The  prayer-meetings  are 
well  attended,  and  our  congregation  and  Sun- 
day-school at  Richland  Centre  are  both  increas- 
ing so  that  we  are  pressed  for  room  in  our  little 
church,  which  is  only  24x36  feet.  It  was  the 
first  church  built  here.  (1857).    No  other  church 


1892.] 


Wkconmn — MowntaSn  Whites. 


63 


edifice  for  ten  years.  Now  we  have  six  all  larger 
than  ours— one  built  this  last  fall  (Free  Metho- 
dist). The  Roman  Catholics  have  the  founda- 
tion completed  for  a  very  large  structure  to  be 
finished  the  first  of  August  next.  The  Baptists 
and  Methodist  Episcopal  both  have  churches 
that  will  seat  twice  the  number  of  ours.  The 
Cambellites  have  one  still  larger — will  seat 
about  500.  They  have  no  minister  now 
and  they  have  invited  us  to  occupy  their 
church  on  extra  occasions — it  is  only  about  one 
block  from  ours  and  makes  it  very  convenient. 
We  are  to  use  it  two  evenings  next  week.  We 
are  on  very  friendly  terms,  and  when  their  min- 
ister resigned  last  fall  I  invited  them  while  with- 
out a  minister  to  worship  with  us. 

There  has  been  a  great  deal  of  sickness  both 
here  and  at  Fancy  Creek  this  winter  and  many 
deaths — ^several  of  my  church  members  have  not 
been  able  to  attend  church  for  months.  Last 
week  we  lajd  to  rest  the  oldest  member  of  the 
church  (a  charter  member  and  the  last  but  two 
now  living.)  And  those  are  now  living  in  Cali- 
fornia— so  that  we  had  none  of  the  original  mem- 
bers to  attend  the  funeral. 


MOUNTAIN  WHITES. 

Rev.  John  Roberts: — **  Train  up  a  child  in 
the  way  he  should  go,  and  when  he  is  old  he  will 
not. depart  from  it/'  is  the  advice  of  Solomon, 
and  here  at  Wartburg  are  sixty  children  asking 
the  Presbyterian  Church  for  that  training.  Shall 
the  Church  undertake  to  train  them?  To  an- 
swer that  question  the  Church  should  know  all 
the  facts  in  the  case,  and  in  this  letter  I  shall  try 
to  put  the  facts  before  it  briefly. 

The  first  question  is  do  they  need  training  ? 
Everybody  says  "yes."  Their  parents  says 
' '  yes. "  Their  friends  say  * '  yes. "  The  fact  that 
out  of  sixty -three  that  have  attended  the  school, 
only  seven  profess  to  love  their'  Lord,  says 
"yes."  The  fact  that  they  have  been  raised  in 
a  new  country  where  society  is  not  well  organ- 
ized and  where  there  has  been  no  general  interest 
in  their  training,  says  * '  yes. "  The  fact  that  they 
have  been  raised  in  a  town  where  Sabbath  break- 


ing is  popular,  where  swearing  is  not  noticed, 
where  social  purity  is  rather  lightly  esteemed, 
says  "yes." 

The  next  question  is.  Can  they  be  trained?,  and 
for  brevity  I  will  say  in  answer  that  I  have  had 
the  children  of  lawyers,  editors,  preachers,  and 
merchants  under  my  care  in  one  of  the  large 
Southern  cities,  and  find  that  the  children  of  the 
«  mountains  are  brighter  than  they.  They  have 
more  to  learn,  but  they  learn  faster. 

And  now  comes  the  question,  Are  they  willing 
to  be  trained  ?  Perhaps  no  better  answer  could 
be  given  to  that  than  the  fact  that  so  many  have 
expressed  their  willingness  by  their  actions  as 
well  as  their  words.  Boys  twelve  years  old  walk 
three  miles  to  school.  They  show  everywhere 
that  they  want  to  learn.  They  are  eager  to  take 
part  in  the  reading  of  the  Scriptures  in  the  morn- 
ing. They  listen  attentively  to  any  explanations 
of  the  meaning  that  I  may  think  proper  to  give. 
At  the  beginning  very  few  of  them  knew  the 
Lord's  Prayer,  but  all  have  learned  it.  They 
attend  Sunday-school  either  at  our  school  or  at 
the.  Baptist  church,  and  a  great  many  at  both. 
At  Sunday-school  they  show  by  their  attention 
and  interest  that  their  business  is  to  learn.  They 
are  very  willing  to  be  trained.  Since  the  school 
began  two  of  the  girls  have  signified  their  inten- 
tion of  joining  the  church.       * 

The  next  question  is.  What  facilities  have  we 
for  training  them  ?  Here  we  have  nothing  but 
our  needs.  The  Masonic  Lodge  offers  to  let  us 
use  the  two  school  rooms  in  the  first  story  of 
their  hall  as  if  they  were  our  own.  The  citizens 
of  the  town  say  that  they  will  do  what  they  can 
to  help  us  get  the  public  school  support;  but  as 
the  board  that  will  have  charge  of  this  is  yet  to 
be  elected,  we  can  have  no  definite  promise.  We 
cannot  get  along  without  desks  for  the  rooms, 
we  need  another  teacher,  we  need  books,  we  need 
more  school  furniture  of  every  kind.  Most  of 
all  we  need  the  strength  from  the  Lord  to  carry 
on  our  warfare  against  sin  and  Satan.  Will  the 
children  of  the  Almighty  appear  before  Him  and 
plead  that  strength  be  given  us  ?  and  that  wis- 
dom be  given  us  ? 


64 


Home  Mission  Appointments. 


[July- 


HOME  MISSION  APPOINTMENTS  FOR  MAY,  1892. 


W.  C.  RobiDsoQ.  Portland,  Ist, 
K.  McKay,  Houlton, 

E.  W.  Cumings,  Barro, 

I.  O.  Best,  BroadalblD  and  Mayfleld, 
J.  Still,  Ma0onviIle,  Ist, 
J.  Senrice,  Cannonsyille, 

F.  K  Allen,  Selden, 

J.  8.  Brocklnton,  Brookfleld  and  Speonk, 

M.  Gaif  ney,  Sodus  Centre  and  Joy, 

H.  P.  Hamilton,  Junius, 

W.  M.  Grafton,  Whitestone, 

W.  Veenschoten,  HornellsvIIle,  Hartshorn, 

E.  C.  Hull,  Arkport, 

C.  D.  Herbert,  Hebron, 

L.  L.  Cameron,  Chester, 

C.  H.  Van  Wie,  Melrose, 

T.  Thompson,  Mountain  Top  and  Sugar  Notch, 

K.  McMillan,  Baltimore.  Light  St., 

A.  Evans,  Baltimore.  Waverly, 

A.  G.  Parker,  Pylesville,  Highland, 
S.  Mcllvain,  Annapolis, 

W.  C.  Maloy,  Canton, 

J.  F.  Jennison,  Catonsville,  Paradise. 

T.  H.  Lee,  Wilmington,  Gilbert, 

G.  Case,  Altoona  and  Tracy, 

R.  L.  Meily,  Mt.  Bethel  and  Timber  Ridge, 
W.  A.  Ervin,  Chattanooga,  Park  Plaee, 
J.  L.  McKee,  Synodical  Missionary, 
Kerr,  Middlesboro, 
R.  C.  Stewart,  Presbyterial  Missionary, 

F.  G.  Moore,  Waverly, 

J.  B.  Hawkins,  Grand  Rapids  and  Holgate, 

B.  C.  Swan,  D.  D.,  Metropolis  and  America, 
J.  F.  Flint,  Flora  and  Odin, 

C.  J.  Howell,  La  Grange, 
M.  Beroovits,  Galena, 

J.  S.  Davis,  Casey, 

C.  P.  Bates,  Holly,  1st, 

W.  P.  Gibson,  Erie  and  La  Salle, 

C.  C.  Christianson,  Hinckley  and  Sandstone, 

T.  A.  Ambler,  Cloquet, 

W.  Lattimore,  Slayton  and  Woodstock, 

M.  R.  Myers,  Kinbrae, 

W.  A.  Bradley,  Glaston,  St.  Thomas  and  stations, 

T.  L.  Keiman,  Rugby  and  station, 

J.  A.  Brown,  Arvilla  and  stations, 

J.  A.  McGreaham,  Roscoe,  Faris  and  Zion, 

F.  D.  Haner,  White, 

J.  Loughran,  White  Lake, 

V.  HIavaty,  Cedar  Rapids,  Bohemian, 

J,  E.  Stewart,  Hilo, 

J.  W.  Stark,  Allerton  and  Llneville, 

W.  S.  Shields,  West  Point  and  Dover  Station, 

J.  H.  Condit,  Wapello  and  Oakland, 

C-  W.  Courtright,  What  Cheer, 

W.  R.  Williams,  Columbus,  Central, 

E.  C.  Haskel,  Sigoumey, 


Me. 
(( 

Vt. 

N.  Y. 

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Pa. 

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tt 

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•t 

It 

Del. 

Fla. 

Tenn. 
It 

Ky. 

It 

Ohio, 
ft 

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III. 
It 

It 

II 

II 

Mich. 
I. 

Minn. 
It 

It 

It 

N.  D. 
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ii 

S.  D. 
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Iowa. 
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W.  H.  Keams,  Davenport,  2d.  Iowa. 

H.  Wortmann,  Lyon  Co.,  1st  German, 

U.  G.  Schell,  Greene, 

P.  Read,  Albion, 

E.  L.  Dodder,  Ashton  and  Elba, 

W.  A.  Gait,  Big  Spring, 

A.  F.  Ashley,  Fairmont, 
S.  Cooke,  Hebron,  1st, 
C.  Van  Ooetenbnigge,  Lyons, 
R.  A.  Friedrich,  Omaha,  Ist  German, 
C.  G.  Sterling,  Omaha,  Lowe  Avenue, 
W.  E.  Vofls,  Scfaell  City  and  El  Dorado  Springs, 
J.  C.  Shepard,  Fair  Play  and  8  stations, 

C.  P.  Blaney,  Milan  and  Sullivan,  1st, 
L.  T.  lobe,  Kingston  and  Mirabile, 
J.  P.  Barbor,  Lyndon,  1st, 

D.  R.  Todd,  Netawaka,  Soldier  City  and  vicinity, 
C.  C.  Hoffmeister,  Harper, 
J.  W.  Van  Eman,  Geneseo  and  stations, 

B.  F.  Haviland,  Cunningham  and  Nashville, 
S.  A.  Stewart,  Santa  F6, 
S.  C.  Kerr,  Princeton  and  Richmond, 

E.  W.  Beeson,  Fulton  and  Glendale, 
J.  Crawford,  Fort  Scott,  2d, 
M.  C.  Long.  Fredonia  and  New  Albany,  ** 

C.  S.  Bain,  Gamett.  1st,  *' 
V.  M.  King,  Kincaid,  Lone  Elm  and  Moran,.  ** 
J.  S.  Atkinson,  Bill  City,  Fremont  &  Pleasant  Valley,  " 
E.  B.  Evans,  Muldrow,  McKey  and  Redland,  I.  T. 
J.  B.  Peterson.  Mt.  Zion,  Antioch  and  stations,  *' 
J.  McC.  Leiper,  Park  Hill,  Rabbit  Trap  and  stations,  *' 
L.  G.  Battiest,  Philadelphia  and  4  stations,  *' 
J.  Edwards,  Wheelock  and  8  stations,  ** 
T.  W.  Ferryman,  Limestone,  Broken  Arrow  &  stations  ** 

B.  J.  Woods,  Apeli,  Lenox  and  8  stations,  " 

E.  E.  Mathes,  Elm  Springs  and  work  among  full 

bloods. 
S.  R.  Keam,  Bethel,  San  Bois  and  Pine  Ridge,  *' 

R.  M.  Carson,  Seymour  and  stations,  Tex. 

F.  R.  Wot  ring,  Rawlins,  Wyo. 
A.  E.  Chase,  Denver,  Hyde  Park.  •  C'ol. 
J.  Ferguson,  Albert,  Elizabeth,  Black  Hawk,  Lawson. 

and  vicinity,  " 

C.  H.  DeLong,  Colorado  Springs,  2d  and  stations,         " 

C.  D.  Campbell,  Hastings,  ** 
S.  E.  Wishard,  D.  D.,  Synodical  Missionary,               Utah. 
N.  E.  Clemenson,  Richfield  and  Monroe,                       ** 
A,  C.  Todd,  Payson,                                                        " 
A.  Wormser,  Madison  Valley,  Three  Forks  and  N.  W. 

part  of  Gallatin  Valley,  Mont* 

T.  Brouillette,  Toledo,  Napavine,  Ainslie  &  station.  Wash. 
A.  McLean.  Prescott  and  Starbuck,  ** 

L.  M .  Belden,  Walla  WalU, 

E.  R.  Mills,  San  Pedro,  Cal. 

J.  R.  Bowman,  Hueneme, 

D.  E.  Ambrose,  El  Cajon, 
R.  Dickson,  D.  D.,  Carpenteria, 


tt 


tt 


FREEDMEN. 


THE  MISSION  AT  ABBEVILLE,  S.  C. 

Rev.  H.  N.  Payne,  Field  Secretary,  writes : 

Soon  after  his  graduation  from  Howard 
University,  in  1881,  Rev.  E.  W.  Williams 
came  to  this  place  and  established  a  Presby- 
terian mission.  It  was  an  extremely  dark 
region,  in  which  the  repressive  and  degrading 
influence  of  slavery  had  been  felt  in  an  un- 
usual degree.  Many  of  the  white  people 
were  opposed  to  any  effort  to  elevate  the 
negroes.  Mr.  Williams  met  with  a  cold  re- 
ception. Prominent  and  influential  people 
looked  on  him  and  his  work  with  strong  dis- 
approval. 

But  by  the  colored  people  he  was  wel- 
comed. They  did  not  comprehend  the  wide 
reach  of  the  new  movement,  but,  even  in 
their  ignorance,  realized  that  it  heralded  a 
brighter  day. 

Soon  a  colored  Presbyterian  Church  was 
organized,  and  in  January,  1883,  a  parochial 
school  was  gathered  by  Mrs.  Williams  in  the 
unfinished  church  buildiug. 

As  time  went  on  it  became  increasingly 
evident  that  there  was  need  and  opportunity 
for  a  large  work  in  Abbeville.  Situated  in 
the  western  part  of  the  state  in  the  midst  of  a 
dense  colored  population,  it  was  unreached 
by  any  of  the  great  enlightening  and  elevat- 
ing agencies  that  had  done  so  much  good  else- 
where. Mr.  and  Mrs.  Williams  seemed  well 
fitted  for  the  work.  They  had  been  educated 
in  the  best  schools.  Mrs.  Williams  had  been 
a  successful  teacher  in  Washington,  D.  C. 
Their  ideals  of  Christian  life  and  character 
were  high.  They  had  faith  in  their  race. 
They  were  young,  strong,  and  full  of  hope 
and  enthusiasm. 

Their  plans  were  approved  by  friends  at 
the  North  to  whom  they  made  them  known. 
The  church  work  was  pressed  steadily  for- 
ward. A  school  of  high  grade  was  projected 
and  a  Board  of  Trustees  incorporated.  Land 
was  purchased,  and  ground  broken  for  Fer- 
guson Academy  in  1 886.  It  was  named  for 
one  of  its  most  devoted  and  self-sacrificing 


friends.  Rev.  James  A.  Ferguson,  of  Han- 
over, N.  J.  Dr.  Craighead,  of  Washington, 
was  another  friend  of  the  school  who  stood 
faithfully  by  it  in  many  a  trying  hour,  and 
helped  it  through  many  an  emergency. 

The  Academy  was  occupied  in  an  unfinished 
state  in  the  fall  of  1888.  This  move  was 
hastened  by  the  fact  that  public  feeling  was 
in  such  an  excited  state  as  to  make  it  un- 
pleasant, and,  as  some  thought,  unsafe  for 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Williams  to  pass  across  the 
town  every  day,  as  they  had  been  doing, 
from  their  home  to  their  work.  The  main 
building  is  of  brick,  four  stories  in  height. 
On  the  lower  floor  (half  basement)  are  the 
dining  room,  kilchen,  store  room,  etc.  The 
second  floor  is  occupied  by  the  office,  recita- 
tion rooms,  and  Mr.  Williams'  family  rooms. 
On  the  third  floor  is  the  chapel  which  is  also 
the  general  study  room.  The  fourth  floor  is 
the  dormitoiy  for  the  female  boarders  and 
teachers.  The  boys'  dormitory  is  a  separate 
wooden  building  with  four  rooms.  By  the 
desire  of  its  Board  of  Trustees  the  entire 
property  passed  to  the  Freedmen*s  Board  in 
the  spring  of  1891,  upon  the  payment  of  its 
debts.  In  the  fall  of  that  year,  for  the  first 
time,  the  school  was  opened  in  buildings 
finished,  furnished,  and  equipped  for  work. 
No  further  buildings  are  needed  at  present, 
except  a  laundry.  The  washing  and  ironing 
are  now  done  either  in  the  kitchen  or  out  of 
doors.  A  low  valuation  of  the  present  prop- 
erty is  $10,000. 

The  school  was  fuller  this  year  than  ever 
before.  It  has  had  150  scholars,  34  of  whom 
were  boarders.  It  is  desired  to  extend  its 
influence.  This  is  gradually  being  done  as 
its  value  becomes  known.  It  is  a  Christian 
home,  especially  to  the  boarding  students. 
Regular  and  systematic  Bible  study,  and  wide 
awake  missionary  and  temperance  societies 
conducted  by  the  students,  are  characteristic 
features  of  the  school.  The  students  dress 
very  plainly,  but  the  neatness  of  their  per- 
sons and  rooms,  as  well  as  their  quiet,  modest^ 

Co 


66 


Ministerial  Belief. 


{July, 


demeanor  show  clearly  the  refining  influence 
around  them.  The  great  need  of  the  institu- 
tion now  is  scholarships  for  deserving  and 
needy  young  men  and  women  who  desire  to 
come  but  cannot  meet  the  necessary  expenses. 
I  am  confident  that  those  who  desire  to  help 
young  men  and  women  of  this  race  to  fit  them- 
selves for  the  duties  of  life  and  for  wide  use- 
fulness can  hardly  do  it  more  effectually  than 
by  providing  one  or  more  scholarships  in  Fer- 
guson Academy. 

I  have  mentioned  the  prejudice  and  oppo- 
sition encountered  in  the  first  years  of  the 
mission.  It  was  a  great  pleasure  to  be  inform- 
ed recently,  by  a  leading  white  citizen,  that 
this  has  now  almost  ceased  among  the  better 
class.  They  respect  and  honor  Mr.  Williams 
for  his  character  and  work.  Though  I  had 
visited  the  mission  several  times  before,  I  gave 


it  an  unusually  thorough  inspection  at  a  recent 
visit.  I  Went  through  dining  room,  kitchen, 
store-room,  recitation  rooms  and  all  the  dor- 
mitories. I  found  perfect  neatness  and  order 
every  where.  Ferguson  is  not  surpassed  in 
this  respect  by  any  institution  under  the  care 
of  the  Board.  It  is  a  special  pleasure  to  write 
this.  Few  now  qu3stion  the  ability  of  the 
colored  people  to  acquire  knowledge,  and  it  is 
well  known  that  many  of  them  make  excel- 
lent teachers.  But  their  ability  to  make,  and 
especially  to  teach  others  how  to  make  neat, 
tasteful,  orderly  Christian  homes  is  yet  to  be 
demonstrated.  Doubtless  those  who  can  do 
this  are  exceptions  but  that  such  exceptions 
exist  is  encouraging.  That  Ihey  do  exist 
will  be  seen  by  any  one  who  visits  Ferguson 
Academy  and  sees  what  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Will- 
iams are  doing  there. 


MINISTERIAL    RELIEF. 


ABSTRACT    OF    TLIE   REPORT  OF 
THE  BOARD  TO  THE  GENE- 
RAL ASSEMBLY  AT  PORT- 
LAND. 

THE  KOLL. 

The  number  on  the  Roll  of  the  Board 
to  whom  remittances  were  sent  upon  the 
recommendation  of  the  Presbyteries  during 
the  year  from  April  1,  1891,  to  April  1, 
1892,  was  682 :  that  is,  ministers,  287, 
widows  of  ministers,  362 ;  orphan  familiies 
31;  one  woman  "  who  has  given  her- 
self to  missionary  work  under  the  care  of 
the  Home  or  J'oreign  Board  for  a  period 
of  not  less  than  five  years,"  (see  printed 
minutes  of  the  General  Assembly,  1888, 
page  33)  and  one  widow  of  a  Medical  Mis- 
sionary, (see  printed  Minutes  1889,  page 
32).  The  number  of  families  provided 
for  during  the  year  at  the  Ministers'  House 
at  Perth  Amboy,  N.  J.,  in  lieu  of  receiv- 
ing a  remittance  in  money,  was  18,  making 
upon  the  Roll  of  the  Board  during  the 
past  year  a  total  of  700  families,  an  in- 
crease of  41  over  last  year. 


It  should  be  borne  in  mind  that  there 
are  more  than  700  persons  who  share  in 
these  appropriations.  These  families  are 
often  composed  of  aged  couples;  or  the 
minister,  laid  aside  from  his  active  duties, 
may  have  a  wife  and  children  to  support. 
There  are  also  many  families  composed  of 
a  dependent  widow  with  little  children  to 
be  cared  for. 

The  Presbyterial  recommendations  in 
their  behalf  came  from  168  Presbyteries. 
The  Presbytery  of  West  Africa  recom- 
mends three  families.  The  Missionaries 
who  have  returned  home  from  the  foreign 
field,  and  who  may  need  help  in  their  sick- 
ness or  old  age,  are,  of  course,  recommended 
by  the  Presbyteries  with  which  they  are 
connected  in  this  country. 

Besides  several  withdrawals  from  the 
Roll,  owing  to  a  change  in  pecuniary  cir- 
cumstances or  restored  health  vrhich  has 
rendered  futher  aid  from  the  Board  no 
longer  necessary,  fifty-eight  names  have 
been  removed  from  our  roll  by  death — 
that  is,  forty-five  ministers,  twelve  widov?s, 


1892.] 


Ministerial  Belief, 


67 


and  one  orphan.  The  death  of  the  head 
of  the  family,  howeyer,  does  not  always 
withdraw  the  family  from  the  Boll  of  this 
Board.  In  many  cases  the  helpless 
widow,  or  the  orphan  children  are  still 
to  be  provided  for. 

There  have  been  one  hundred  and  ten 
names  added  to  the  Boll  daring  the  year; 
that  is,  fifty-nine  ministers,  forty-eight 
widows,  and  three  orphan  families. 

The  Board  have  so  often  called  the  at- 
tention of  the  Assembly  to  the  Ministers' 
House  for  the  aged  servants  of  the  Church 
that,  for  general  information  upon  the  sub- 
ject, they  beg  leave  to  refer  to  their  Annual 
Beports — especially  to  the  extended  notice 
of  The  House  which  appeared  in  the 

CHURCH    AT    HOME    AND   ABROAD,    which 

has  been  reprinted  in  pamphlet  form  and 
will  be  sent  to  anyone  wishing  a  copy. 

During  the  past  year  the  responsible  du- 
ties of  Superintendent  have  been  dis- 
charged by  Mrs.  Clark  with  the  same  fidel- 
ity and  efificiency  that  characterized  the 
management  of  her  predecessor.  The 
Committee  of  the  Board  having  the  spe- 
cial care  of  The  House  have  assured  them- 
selves by  frequent  visits  that  the  honored 
guests  greatly  enjoy  and  appreciate  its 
comforts.  Their  own  observation  is  abun- 
dantly confirmed  by  the  testimony  of 
brethren  who  have  also  visited  The  House, 
with  a  view  of  personally  eiamining  its 
arangements  and  general  management. 
Bev.  Tennis  S.  Hamlin  D.  D.,  pastor  of 
the  Church  of  the  Covenant,  Washington 
City,  and  Chairman  of  the  General  As- 
sembly's Standing  Committee  upon  Minis- 
terial Belief  in  1889,  made  last  month  such 
a  visit  to  the  Home  and  (by  his  permission) 
the  following  extract  is  given  from  a  per- 
sonal letter  written  by  him  to  the  Secre- 
tary: 

I  went  to  Perth  Amboy  on  Tuesday  last,  in 
the  interest  of  my  venerable  and  beloved 
friend,  of  whom  I  wrote  to  you.  I  had  a 
most  satisfactory  interview  with  Mrs.  Clark, 


who  seems  peculiarly  adapted  for  her  impor- 
tant and  delicate  position.  I  saw  all  the 
arrangements  of  the  '^  House,"  which  far  ex- 
ceeded my  previous  impression  of  their  com- 
fort. It  seems  to  be  admirably  managed  to 
secure  the  convenience  and  happiness  of  its 
honored  guests. 

One  of  these  gratefully  refers  in  a  recent 
letter  to  her  ''many  comforts  and  bless- 
ings "  and  adds  : — 

I  have  no  other  home  in  the  world,  no 
other  place  where  I  could  be  cared  for;  so 
that  it  means  a  great  deal  to  me  in  my  feeble- 
ness, and  it  is  my  desire  to  show  my  appre- 
ciation and  gratitude  in  every  way  I  can. 

This  would  be  incomplete  if  I  did  not 
speak  of  Mrs.  Clark^s  kind  care  and  sympathy 
with  me  in  my  affliction,  for  which  I  cannot 
be  too  thankful.  She  is  doing  everything 
in  her  power  to  make  us  happy  and  comfort- 
able, and  I  am  every  day  learning  to  appre- 
ciate and  love  her  more  and  more. 

THE  TREASURY. 

The  entire  income  of  the  Board  during 
the  past  year,  as  will  be  seen  from  the 
Treasurer's  statement,  amounted  to  tl 61  j- 
714.43.  This,  of  course,  includes  the  in- 
terest from  the  Permanent  Fund  as  well 
as  the  contributions  from  Churches,  Sab- 
bath-schools and  individuals,  and  is  the 
largest  income  the  Board  has  ever  received. 
But  the  following  comparative  table  will 
show  that  this  is  due  to  our  enlarged  Per- 
manent Fund — the  contributions  during 
the  past  year  having  fallen  off  14,671  from 
those  of  the  previous  year. 

COMPARATIVE  STATEMENT  OF  RECEIPTS  FOR 

CURRENT  USE. 

1800-91  1891-93 

(1)  Contributions  from  Churches 

and  Sabbath-schools $94, 1 19  27       $92,02«  47 

(2)  Contributions  from  Individuals  14,396  54         11,817  65 
(8)  Interest  from  Permanent  Fund  45,782  89         56,744  22 

(4)  '*        "       Deposits  in  Banlc      680  96  680  97 

(5)  Miscellaneous  Receipts 275  12  245  12 


$155,154  78      $161,714  48 

While  the  income  of  the  Board  last  year 
was  the  largest  it  has  ever  received,  its 
expenditures  have  also  exceeded  those  of 
any  previous  year.     This  is  due  to   the 


68 


Ministerial  Relief. 


[July, 


increase  in  tUe  number  of  families  on  our 
roll — forty-one  more  than  we  reported  to 
the  Assembly  in  Detroit.  The  ''Office" 
expenses  have  remained  about  the  same, 
$105  more  than  last  year. 

The  result  of  the  operation  of  the  year 
is  a  balance  of  14,965.87,*  which  is  $1, 
132.09  more  than  that  of  last  year.  While 
the  Board  gratefully  report  the  fact  of  this 
increased  balance — after  responding  to  the 
appeals  from  the  Presbyteries  on  behalf 
of  700  families,  sending  in  full  the  amount 
asked  for  in  each  case — the  attention  of 
the  Assembly  and  of  the  churches  should 
be  called  to  the  falliug  off  in  contribu- 
tions. The  total  of  these,  from  churches, 
Sabbath-schools  and  individuals,  is  less 
than  that  which  we  have  reported  each 
year  to  the  Assembly  since  1886  when  the 
preparations  were  begun  for  the  Centennial 
year.  During  the  Centennial  year  itself, 
although  the  interest  of  "Individual  Don- 
ors "  was  mainly  concentrated  upon  the 
Permanent  Fund,  the  total  of  their  con- 
tributions came  to  within  four  dollars  of 
that  received  last  year,  while  the  "Collect- 
ions" from  churches  and  Sabbath  schools 
amounted  to  198, 922.  The  very  next  year 
these  Collections  fell  off  to  $93,178.  This 
was  generally  explained  as  a  temporary 
reaction  from  the  effort  on  behalf  of  the 
Centenary  Fund,  but  the  collections  have 
remained  very  near  that  figure  ever  since — 
in  1891  a  little  above;  in  1890  and  the 
year  just  closed,  a  little  below.  It  is  there- 
fore a  question  for  thoughtful  and  prayer- 
ful consideration  by  those  interested  in 
our  work,  whether  the  falling  off  in  the 
collections  from  churches  and  Sabbath- 
schools  the  year  after  the  Centennial,  and 
which  has  continued  ever  since,  can  be  any 


^This  amount,  added  to  the  balance  with  which  we 
commenced  the  year,  enables  us  to  report  to  the 
Assembly  a  comfortable  working  balaqce  of  $24, 
063.36.  This  will  help  to  tide  the  Board  over  the 
gummer  months,  when  the  contributions  come  in 
slowly  while  the  demands  upon  our  treasury  stiU 
continue. 


longer  regarded  as  a  temporary  result  of 
the  effort  on  behalf  of  our  Centenary  Fund ; 
but  surely  it  is  not  the  settled  judgment 
of  the  church  that  $92,000 — the  average 
of  collections  for  the  past  four  years — ^is 
all  that  the  Board  can  expect  from  this 
source  for  its  sacred  work. 

The  Assembly  of  1885,  in  adopting  the 
report  of  its  Standing  Committee  upon 
Ministerial  Relief,  urged  the  ^'nse  of  in- 
creased means  to  teach  and  persuade  Chris- 
tian people  to  bear  this  cause  upon  their 
minds  and  hearts."  This  the  Board  have 
done  ever  since,  always  bearing  in  mind 
the  need  of  judicious  economy.  Indepen- 
dent of  the  items  of  expense  for  the  Annual 
Reports  and  for  l^ie  CJmrch  at  Home  aiid 
Abroad  (which  are  ordered  by  the  Assem- 
bly) the  board  have  used  circulars  and 
other  means  of  keeping  our  work  before 
the  churches  at  an  average  cost  since  1885 
of  $744.22 — ^lafit  year  it  was  $5G2.55. 
The  Board  will  continue  this  distribution, 
recognizing  the  importance  of  its  aid  in 
keeping  up  the  contributions  even  to  the 
present  figures,  but  it  is  doubtful,  except 
there  be  urgent  and  continued  efforts  by 
Presbyteries  and  Sessions,  whether  these 
means  alone  will  greatly  increase  the  aggre- 
gate of  the  collections  from  the  churches 
and  Sabbath-schools  beyond  the  $92,000, 
at  which  figure  it  has  remained  the  last 
four  years.  Yet  even  when  these  collect- 
ions are  supplemented  by  the  individual 
gifts  sent  directly  to  our  Treasury  (averag- 
ing the  last  four  years  $13,605.20)  it 
must  seem  a  disproportionately  small  part 
of  the  total  of  the  churches'  benefactions 
during  the  year  to  reach  our  treasury. 

The  Board  respectfully  call  the  atten- 
tion of  pastors  and  sessions  to  this  subject, 
and  beg  them  to  devise,  if  possible,  some 
agency  in  each  congregation  by  which  a 
fair  proportion  of  its  offerings  may.be  se- 
cured for  the  worn  out  servants  of  the 
Church.  To  this  cause  God's  people  nev- 
er fail  to  respond,  gladly  and  generously, 


1892.] 


Mtnistenal  Rdief- — PubliccUion  and  Sabbaih-achool  Work. 


69 


whenever    it    is   properly    presented  to 
them. 

The  number  of  families  upon  our'  roll 
has  steadily  increased  each  year  since 
1886.  It  was  then  509;  the  Presbyteries 
now  recommend  700.  In  1886  the  total 
of  contributions  for  their  support  was 
$101,631,  or  an  average  of  $199  to  each 
family.  During  the  year  just  closed  the 
total  of  contributionswas$103,844— -or  an 
average  of  $148  to  each  family.  The  Per- 
manent Endowment  will  surely  not  prove 
to  he  a  blessing  to  the  Church  if  its  only 
use  is  to  supplement  the  short-comings  of 
God's  people  in  their  duty,  year  by  year,  to 
care  for  the  worn  out  servants  of  the 
Church  and  their  dependent  families. 

LEGACIES  AND   PERMANENT  FUND. 

During  the  past  year  $35,028.  23  were 
received  by  the  Board  in  legacies,  a  de- 
tailed statement  of  which  is  given  on  page 
38  of  the  report.     From   these  legacies 


and  from  special  donations,  the  Perma- 
nent Fand  now  amounts  to  $1,192,919.12, 
of  which  $916,139.79  are  held  by  the  Board 
and  $276,779.33  by  the  trustees  of  the 
General  Assembly  in  trust  for  the  Board. 
Among  the  amounts  credited  to  the  Per- 
manent Fund  during  the  past  year  will  be 
noticed  *' Balance  of  Principal  of  the  Cen- 
tenary Fund,  $10.20"  sent  through  Eev. 
Dr.  W.  H.  Roberts,  the  treasurer  of  the 
Committee  in  charge  of  the  Centenary 
Offering.  This  Balance  makes  $590,830.  - 
27  as  the  total  to  the  Centenary  Offering 
transferred  to  the  Board  for  investment. 
Of  this  sum  as  stated  in  our  last  report, 
$122,  000  have  been  placed  at  6  per  cent, 
interest,  through  the  agency  of  the  Com- 
mittee in  St.  Paul,  Minn.,  of  which  Mr. 
C.  H.  Bigelow  is  the  Chairman,  and  of  a 
like  Committee  at  Wichita,  Kansas,  of 
of  which  Rev.  John  D.  Hewitt,  D.  D.,  is 
Chairman. 


PUBLICATION  AND  SABBATH-SCHOOL  WORK. 


SABBATH  SCHOOL  MISSIONARY 

MAP. 

'*  To  the  poor  the  Gospel  is  preached. '^ 

The  quotation  given  above  is  the  head- 
ing on  our  new  statement  of  work  accom- 
plished during  the  year  April  1st,  1891,  to 
April  1st,  1892. 

A  map  of  the  United  States  is  given  on 
the  inside  pages  of  this  statement.  This 
map  has  aroused  great  interest.  It  is  a 
valuable  object  lesson.  The  number  of 
Sabbath  Schools  organized  by  the  mission- 
aries of  the  Board  during  the  year  is  indi- 
cated by  red  stars,  and  the  total  number 
of  stars  in  each  State  is  marked  in  black 
figures. 

For  those  who  have  not  yet  seen  the 
map,  we  will  state  that  of  stars  there  are 
in  Missouri,  129;  Minnesota,  88;  South 
Dakota,  70;  Nebraska,  66;  West  Virginia, 


66;  Wisconsin,  56;  Michigan,  66;  Kan- 
sas, 53;  Virginia,  34;  Texas,  33;  Okla- 
homa, 28 ;  Kentucky,  28 ;  Iowa,  36 ;  North 
Carolina,  27;  Indian  Territory,  18;  Flor- 
ida, 18;  Ohio,  31;  Indiana,  21:  Califor- 
nia, 18;  Oregon,  14;  Washington,  12; 
Montana,  16;  North  Dakota,  9;  South 
Carolina,  8;  Georgia,  7;  Arkansas,  7; 
Tennessee,  1;  Pennsylvania,  1. 

The  states  in  which  no  Sabbath-schools 
have  been  organized,  and,  in  consequence, 
not  marked  by  any  stars,  are:  Idaho, 
Wyoming,  Colorado,  Utah,  New  Mexico, 
Arizona,  Nevada. 

What  is  your  church  and  Sabbath-school 
doing  to  send  Sabbath-school  missionaries 
into  them  ? 

On  this  four  hundredth  anniversary  of 
America,  how  much  shall  the  Presbyterian 
Church  give  for  Sabbath-school  Missions  ? 


70 


Publication  and  Sahbaih-school  Work. 


[J^y^ 


SHALL  IT  BE  WON  FOR  CHRIST  ? 

EDWARD  A.    PATRICK. 

Ify  Bear  Friends: — While  oar  Sabbath 
School  missionaries  are  engaged  in  the  cam- 
paign ^*for  Christ  and  the  Church/^  I  am 
wondering  if  you  regard  the  people  of  Dakota 
as  brothers  not  only  in  Christ,  but  in  this 
great  Repnblic  of  ours.  If  you  do  not,  I  beg 
of  you  to  strive  to  think  of  us  in  that  way. 
We  are  a  part  of  the  great  nation  assembled 
under  the  shadow  of  **  the  flag  that  makes  us 
free." 

I  have  hinted  at  two  reasons  why  it  is  a 
blessed  thing  to  send  us  the  Gospel.  We  have 
an  influence  in  the  nation,  our  first  vote  for 
President  will  be  cast  next  November.  If  we 
do  not  add  to  the  influences  which  make  this 
a  Christian  nation,  we  shall  add  to  the  oppo- 
site influences,  and  men  are  trying  to  get  us 
to  cast  our  influence  in  almost  every  direc- 
tion ;  some  for  Christ  and  some  against  Him ; 
some  for  the  church  and  some  against  it; 
some  for  the  public  school  and  some  against 
it.  Mormon,  Seventh  Day  Adventist,  Spirit- 
ualist and  Atheist  teachers  are  all  working 
hard  for  their  views,  just  as  earnestly  as 
those  who  preach  and  teach  what  we  believe 
to  be  the  truth. 

But  there  is  a  deeper  reason  why  we 
should  spread  the  Gospel.  *' There  is  none 
other  name — whereby  ye  must  be  saved." 
Shall  we  not  see  wherever  man  is  found,  the 
knowledge  of  that  Name  is  spread  ?  And  es- 
pecially, where  men  are  struggling  to  support 
the  Gospel,  shall  we  not  assist  them  ?  Some 
of  our  churches  are  self-supporting  but  most 
are  not.  A  great  many  Sabbath-schools  are, 
even  in  the  country  districts.  But  what 
these  need  is  the  brightening  and  inspiring 
influence  of  some  one  enthusiastic  in  the 
work  of  the  Sabbath-school.  Again,  we  have 
a  very  few  districts  unreached  by  the  Gos- 


pel. Shall  we  not  send  a  man  to  help  them 
to  reach  after  that  blessing  9 

In  closing,  let  me  show  you  that  even 
while  we  need  your  aid,  we  are  desirous  of 
helping  those  needier  than  we,  to  get  the 
Gospel. 

In  a  Sabbath- school  connected  with  one  of 
our  churches,  some  one  gave  the  children  a 
small  sum  to  invest.  The  result  was  made 
known  last  Sabbath,  and  nearly  |80  was  to 
be  divided  among  the  Home  Board,  the 
Foreign  Board  and  the  work  among  Freed - 
men.  So  you  see  we  are  not  destitute  of  the 
missionary  idea — so  blessed  in  its  effect  on 
us,  and  in  its  results  to  others. 


**NO  USE  FOR  JESUS." 

H.    C.    M'BURNKY. 

Bear  Friends: — During  the  last  months  we 
have  been  working  in  the  vicinity  of  beauti- 
ful Santa  Barbara,  and  are  much  surprised 
at  what  we  find. 

One  day  we  visited  a  public  school  aboat 
two  miles  from  Goleta.  The  teacher  told  us 
that  but  two  or  three  of  her  forty  pupils  had 
probably,  ever  been  in  a  Sabbath-school. 
We  called  on  several  families  to  learn  the 
reason,  and  found  it  was  mere  indifference, 
they  were  near  enough  town  to  go  every  Sun- 
day. When  the  first  settlers  came  to  the 
country,  not  so  very  many  yeara  ago,  there 
were  no  religious  services,  and  they  got  in 
the  way  of  visiting  or  staying  home  and  do- 
ing odd  jobs  on  Sunday,  and  now  they  do 
not  care  to  do  any  different,  and  have  in- 
fluenced most  of  the  new  comers  to  adopt 
their  habits.  So  the  churches  and  Sabbath- 
schools  generally,  in  this  fair  land,  are  poorly 
attended  and  supported. 

About  seven  miles  down  the  coast  from  here 
is  a  new  settlement,  named  Summer-land,  a 
colony  of  Spiritualists.     We  were  one  day 


1892.] 


PMication  and  8oJ>bcUh-8chool  Work. 


71 


making  inquiries  about  their  services  for  the 
children,  and  if  they  would  like  a  Sunday- 
school,  where  they  could  be  taught  of  God 
and  the  truths  which  pertain  to  their  highest 
well-being.  A  woman  who  stood  by,  with 
raised  voice  and  many  gesticulations  said,  '  *  A 
Sunday-school  I  Not  with  our  children  I  lUl 
not  send  my  children  to  Sunday-school,  to 
learn  what  they  must  take  y6ars  to  unlearn, 
but  we  send  them  to  dancing-school,  we  teach 
them  to  dance,  we  believe  in  having  a  good 
time.^^  Sunday  morning  they  do  have  a  sort 
of  religious  service,  it  cannot  be  called  wor- 
ship, and  in  the  afternoon  the  band  plays. 
They  pretend  to  believe  in  God  and  the  Bible, 
at  least  a  part  of  it,  but  of  the  exceeding  sin- 
fulness of  sin  they  take  no  cognizance,  so 
have  no  use  for  Jesus  as  a  Savior.  The  child- 
ren are  not  taught  reverence,  but  to  scoff  at 
God^s  claims  upon  them  and  all  those  things 
we  hold  most  sacred.  And  though  they  have 
no  saloons,  and  lay  great  stress  upon  morality, 
their  young  people  have  a  bad  reputation. 
The  day-school  teacher,  who  is  a  Christian, 
told  us  that  one  day  a  Psalm  of  David  oc- 
curred in  the  reading  lesson,  and  the  scholars 
sneering  at  the  sentiments  expressed,  said, 
'*  Could  David  have  been  so  great  a  fool  as  to 
believe  such  things  V^  . 

A  woman  was  listening  to  some  of  the  songs 
of  Jesus  from  the  Gospel  Hymns,  '*0,  all 
about  Jesus  Christ,  ^^  she  exclaimed,  **  I  don^t 
want  to  hear  about  Him,  He  was  only  a  good 
medium,  nothing  more.^* 

The  parents  were  willing  we  should  leave 
Sunday-school  papers,  and  the  children 
seemed  eager  to  receive  them.  Several  acr 
cepted  tracts,  and  this  seems  to  be  all  we  can 
do  for  these  deluded  people  at  present,  except 
to  pray  that  God  will  sweep  away  the 
refuge  of  lies. 

Two  miles  farther  down  the  coast  we  came 
to  another  district  where  none  of  the  child- 


ren attended  Sunday-school.  In  the  neigh- 
borhood we  have  found  Swedenborgians, 
Spiritualists,  Unitarians,  Christadelphians 
and  Holiness.  We  are  never  frightened  by 
the  name,  but  look  for  the  Christian  Spirit, 
and  can  work  with  and  bring  together  all, 
where  it  exists.  But  in  all  this  multitude  of 
sects,  we  have  as  yet  failed  to  find  one  of  the 
right  spirit  and  faculty  to  lead  a  Sunday- 
school.  All  agreed  that  it  would  be  a  good 
thing  in  the  community,  so  we  invited  them 
to  come  together.  The  first  Sunday  ten 
came,  but  the  next  there  were  twenty-five, 
and  all  seemed  interested  but  unused  to  any- 

* 

thing  of  the  kind. 

We  hope  to  get  some  of  the  Christian 
workers  in  Carpenteria,  the  nearest  town,  to 
take  an  interest  in  this  neighborhood,  and 
keep  the  school  going,  so  much  do  these 
children  need  to  be  taught  of  God  and  their 
relations  to  Him.     Prav  for  our  success. 


GOOD  NEWS  FROM  SOUTH  DAKOTA. 

EDWIN  H.   GRANT. 

Dear  Friends: — Tn  the  work  of  special  Gos- 
pel meetings,  I  have  been  associated  with 
one  of  our  most  earnest  Home  Missionaries, 
who,  in  addition  to  his  own  work,  has  joined 
heart  and  hand  with  me  in  kindling  anew  the 
fires  along  the  picket  line  of  our  mission  Sab- 
bath-school work  at  important  and  exposed 
points.  I  use  the  word  exposed,  for  I  have 
learned  that  our  work  is  not  done  when  we 
have  simply  occupied  the  ground.  It  must 
be  held  by  earnest,  watchful  effort,  lest  an- 
other build  upon  our  foundation. 

Thirteen  schools  have  been  quickened  into 
new  life,  and,  I  tru9t,  thoroughly  established 
for  widening  influences  and  ultimate  church 
organization. 

At  one  point  we  were  compelled  to  begin  our 
meetings  in  a  private  house,  which  very  soon 


'2 


Thoiights  on  the  Sabbaih- school  Lessons. 


[July, 


proved  too  small  to  accommodate  those  who  at- 
tended. The  community  became  so  interested 
that  a  vacant  building  was  purchased  and 
furnished,  an  organ  secured,  and  now  they 
have  a  comfortable  and  permanent  place  in 
which  to  gather  from  Sabbath  to  Sabbath  for 
worship. 

Our  school  at  the  last  plac3  visited,  a  little 
village  of  a  dozen  or  fifteen  families,  repre- 
senting five  nationalities  and  as  many  relig- 
ious denominations,  has  had  a  struggle  for 
life  ever  since  its  organization,  nearly  three 
years  ago.  Personal  jealousies  have  preven- 
ted growth  and  usefulness;  denominational 
strife  at  times  has  torn  it  asunder. 

As  the  result  of  meetings  for  a  week  in 
their  midst,  and  persistent  house  to  house 
visitation,  personal  differences  were  adjusted, 
a  hearty  co-operation  secured,  and  the  new 
superintendent  entered  upon  his  duties  with 
the  confidence  of  the  entire  community. 
Four  adults,  all  heads  of  families,  expressed 
a  desire  to  confess  their  faith  in  Christ. 

The  whole  number  of  those  who  have  con- 
fessed their  faith  in  Christ,  and  united  with 
the  church  at  the  different  points,  is  twenty- 
eight. 

By  invitation  of  the  pastor  of  the  Huron 
church,  the  church  to  which  I  have  belonged 
since  its  organization  in  1880,  I  presented  the 
claims  of  our  Board  of  Sabbath -school  Work, 
and  in  an  address  gave  an  account  of  the 
work  in  our  Presbytery  from  a  Sabbath - 
school  Missionary's  standpoint.  At  the  close 
of  the  service  a  collection  of  |62.00  was 
taken. 

I  cannot  close  without  referring  to  the 
pleasure  I  have  had  in  distributing  the  con- 
tents of  barrels  and  boxes  of  books,  toys  and 
clothing  sent  to  me  to  distribute  among  the 
needy.  I  shall  refer  to  this  work  in  detail  in 
writing  to  the  schools  and  societies  that  have 
made  the  donations. 


C^u^iB  on  £$e  ^6(ktt9^|k9oof 

iLtHBOM. 

July  3rd. —  The  Ascension  of  Christ.  Acts. 
I:  1-13.  **Lord,  wilt  thou  at  this  time 
restore  again  the  kingdom  to  Israel?  ^^ 

All  through  the  three  years  of  his  earthly 
ministry  this  had  been  the  hope  in  the  hearts 
of  his  followers.  Through  the  three  days 
when  they  thought  of  him  as  their  crucified 
M  ister  the  disappointment  of  this  hope  had 
been  one  of  the  chief  elements  in  their  sor- 
row. *  ^  We  trusted  that  it  had  been  he  which 
should  have  redeemed  Israel. ''  Doubtless 
through  the  forty  days  of  his  resurrection 
life  the  hope  had  revived  and  gained  strength 
with  each  manifestation  of  the  power  of 
the  risen  Lord. 

The  three  years  of  expectation  had  ended 
with  the  ignominy  of  the  crucifixion.  The 
three  days  of  despairing  grief  had  ended 
with  the  glad  announcement,  **The  Lord 
hath  risen  indeed. '^  And  now,  standing  with 
their  Lord  on  Mount  Olivet,  the  question 
that  is  upparmost  in  all  their  hearts  finds 
utterance  in  words.  And  what  is  the 
answer  ?  **  It  is  not  for  you  to  know.  Go — 
teach.''  Waiting,  working,  witnessing,  was 
the  part  assigned  to  the  first  disciples.  It  is 
the  part  of  the  Church  of  Christ  to  day.  Daily 
praying  **Thy  kingdom  come,  "  we  must 
prepare  the  way  for  the  coming  of  the  king 
by  faithful  witnessing  ^'  in  Jerusalem,  and  in 
all  Judea,  and  in  Samaria,  and  unto  the 
uttermost  parts  of  the  earth." 

July  10th,— The  Descent  of  the  Spirit,  Acts. 
II  :  1-12.  Is  there  any  gift  which  Christian 
workers  need  to  day  more  than  that  same  gift 
of  tongues  which  was  the  first  manifestations 
of  the  presence  of  the  promised  Spirit  ? 

The  missionary  realizes  this  need  and 
asks  his  friends  to  pray  that  he  may  have 
help  in  mastering  a  strange  and  difficult  lan- 
guage, that  his  message  may  not  fail  of  its 
mission  because  spoken  with  a  stammering 
tongue.  But  of  most  of  us  it  is  true,  as  it 
was  of  Ezekiel,  that  we  are  *  *•  not  sent  to  a 
people  of  a  strange  speech  and  of  an  hard 
language."  Yet  do  we  not  need  just  the 
same  kind  of  help  in  delivering  our  mess- 
age— in  fitting  it  in  word  and   manner  to 


1892.] 


8abbcUh'8(Jiool  Lessons — Children's  Department 


73 


those  to  whom  we  are  sent  ?  Do  not  some 
of  us  need  that  our  tongues  should  be  unloosed 
and  courage  given  to  carry  the  message  at 
all  ?  As  comforters,  as  ^*  watchmen  unto  the 
house  of  Israel,  "  as  those  to  whom  is  in- 
trusted the  invitation,  ^  *  Come  and  drink,  ^* 
as  those  to  whom  is  given  the  command, 
'*  Tell  ye  of  all  his  wondrous  works,"  we 
have  constant  need  of  the  controlling  power 
of  the  Spirit  and  of  the  consecration  prayer, 

**  Take  my  lips  and  let  them  be 
Filled  with  meflsages  for  thee.'^ 

July  17th.— 2%e  First  Christian  Church. 
Acts.  II:  37-47.  •»  The  Lord  added  to  the 
Church  daily  such  as  should  be  saved." 

Daily,  ever  since  men  were  multiplied  on 
the  earth,  have  the  saved  streamed  through 
the  strait  gate  into  life,  and  now  a  multitude 
whom  no  man  can  number  inhabit  the  man- 
sions of  the  Father's  house.  He  added  the 
saved  to  the  Church  :  added  f  Jiem  in  the  act  of 
saving,  saved  in  the  act  of  adding.  He  does 
not  add  a  withered  branch  to  the  vine,  but 
in  the  act  of  inserting  it,  makes  the  withered 
branch  live.  **  Daily"  some  are  added: 
every  day  some  :  but  only  while  it  is  day 
this  process  goes  on.  The  night  cometh 
wherein  no  man  can  work — not  even  the 
Son  of  man.  Son  of  God.  He  is  now  about  his 
Father's  business  :  he  is  finishing  the  work 
given  him  to  do.  **  To-day,  if  ye  will  hear 
his  v6ice,  harden  not  your  hearts,  "  for  the 
day  is  wearing  away,  the  day  of  grace.  The 
night  cometh,  cometh — ^how  stealthily  it  is 
creeping  on,  the  night  wherein  not  even  this 
Great  Worker  can  work  any  more. — Amot 

July  24th.— TAc  Txime  Man  Healed,  Acts. 
Ill:  1-16  *' And  his  name,  through  faith  in 
his  name,  hath  made  this  man  strong." 

^*  And  his  name,  through  faith  in  his 
name"  has  been  making  men  and  women 
strong  ever  since  ;  strong  to  labor  and  to 
endure,  strong  to  confess  and  to  suffer, 
strong  to  live  and  to  die.  In  every  time  of 
weakness  and  of  weariness  God's  children 
may  rest  with  confidence  in  his  promises  : — 
'  *  They  that  wait  on  the  Lord  shall  renew 
their  strength;"  **  As  thy  days,  so  shall  thy 
strength  be." 

July  31st. — Peter  and  John  before  the 
CouneU.    Acts.  IV  :1-18. 


There  was  a  sentence  in  the  great  national 
Hallel  hymn  with  which  each  one  of 
these  priests  and  Sadducees  must  have  been 
familiar  from  childhood.  Often  had  they 
sung  it  at  their  Paschal  season  and  Feast  of 
Tabern>icles.  The  speaker  makes  the  true 
Messianic  application  of  it.  It  was  a  meta- 
phor, moreover,  not  unfamiliar  in  other 
ways,  for  it  was  used  by  their  greatest  pro- 
phet in  predicting  the  coming  of  Christ 
(Isaiah,  XXVIU  :16).  Nay,  further,  it  had  a 
personal  interest  in  the  case  of  him  who  now 
quoted  it.  For  the  metaphor  was  that  of  a 
rock  or  stone.  In  thus  specially  selecting  it 
on  the  present  occasion,  might  not  Peter 
have  had  indirectly  in  view  the  desire  of  re- 
pudiating all  claim  to  any  false  interpreta- 
tions that  might  have  been  put  on  his  Lord's 
words,  by  unequivocally  declaring  that  that 
Rock— that  Stone  was  Christ?  ''This  is  the 
Stone  that  was  set  at  nought  of  you  builders, 
which  Is  become  the  head  of  the  corner. 
Neither  is  there  salvation  in  any  other ,  for 
there  is  none  other  name  under  heaven 
given  among  men  whereby  we  must  be 
saved." — Macduff, 


€fifbren'0  €furc$ 

Children,  do  you  wish  to  travel  ?  You 
may  visit  the  General  Assembly  and  hear 
Dr.  Irvin  tell  the  beautiful  story  of  a 
child's  smile ;  then  go  to  South  Africa  and 
hear  those  two  school-girls  read  aloud, 
then  to  California  and  visit  the  kinder- 
garten, where  Mr.  Campbell  will  give  you 
a  welcome,  then  to  another  kindergarten 
among  the  robbers  of  Had j in  in  Asia.  If 
you  are  now  tired  of  travelling  you  can 
come  home  and  rest  by  working  for  Jesus. 


A  CHILD'S  SMILE. 

BY  DR.  IRVIN. 

While  I  was  in  Asheville  I  was  asked  to 
preach  in  the  pretty  little  chapel  one  Sabbath, 
and  in  the  morning,  before  the  service,  they 
held  a  Sabbath-school,  which  was  attended 


74 


A  ChiUTa  Smile — Kindergarten  Work, 


[Jti/y, 


by  126  or  130  girls,  all  studying  the  Bible  and 
the  Westminster  catechism,  and  after  the 
school  was  over  we  held  services  in  the 
chapel.  Just  before  the  services  a  teacher 
came  in  leading  by  the  hand  two  pretty  little 
girls.  One  of  them,  a  child  about  eight  years 
old,  smiled  so  sweetly  upon  me  as  she  passed 
that  I  was  just  enchanted,  and  I  smiled  back 
as  sweetly  as  I  could.  After  I  ascended 
the  pulpit  there  in  the  front  pew  sat  that  little 
girl,  and  although  I  sat  there  with  all  the 
Presbyterian  solemnity  I  could  command,  the 
little  creature  persisted  in  smiling  as  un- 
reservedly as  she  had  done  before,  and  staid 
and  solemn  as  I  thought  I  ought  to  be,  I  had 
to  smile  at  the  child.  After  the  services  I 
went  to  the  teacher  and  asked  her  who  that 
beautiful  child  was.  **  Well, ^^  she  said,  ^*  I 
will  tell  you  about  that  little  girl.  A  few 
weeks  ago  those  two  little  girls  and  their 
little  brother  were  found  deserted,  father 
and  mother  dead  or  gone  off,  jast  in  the  out- 
skirts of  Asheville,  and  they  were  brought  in- 
to our  Girls^  Home.  What  to  do  with  the 
boy  we  did  not  know.  We  could  care  for  the 
girls,  but  we  had  no  place  to  put  the  boy. 
So  finally  the  authorities  found  a  place  for 
the  boy  with  a  farmer,  and  they  sent  and 
took  him  away.  The  boy  cried  and  didn^t 
want  to  go,  and  his  sisters  clung  to  him  and 
sobbed  as  if  their  hearts  would  break. "  So  to 
quiet  them,  when  I  appeared  on  the  scene, 
she  told  the  little  girls  I  was  a  man  that 
would  try  to  get  a  nice  home  for  their 
brother,  such  as  they  had  there  in  the  school. 
So  the  little  girl  smiled  at  me  as  hard  as  ever 
she  could,  because  she  thought  I  was  going 
to  get  her  brother  a  beautiful  home  with  her. 
This  school  was  a  little  paradise  to  the  little 
girls.  So  I  tell  you,  there  is  a  great  necessity 
for  these  schools,  not  only  for  the  girls,  but 
for  the  boys  as  well,  because  if  we  are  going 
to  lift  up  the  people  we  have  got  to  have  as 


thorough  work  for  the  boys  as  for  the  girls, 
and  one  of  the  grandest  works  our  church 
was  ever  called  upon  to  do  is  in  this  work. 


A  young  Hottentot  woman  resolved,  in  a 
fit  of  anger,  to  forsake  the  Mission  and  follow 
alawlesslif e.  '  'I,  therefore, '*  said  she,  ' ^set  off 
one  day,  full  of  these  evil  thoughts,  and  when  I 
got  out  into  the  open  field,  I  saw  two  of  the 
school-gprls,  who  had  got  one  of  the  new 
books  (a  Testament),  and  were  reading  aloud. 
Just  as  I  passed  them  they  read :  AuHiy  wUJi 
Himy  away  with  Him,  crucify  Him!  These 
words  went  into  my  heart  like  lightning. 
It  seemed  as  if  I  had  pronounced  them  my> 
self  against  our  Saviour.  I  cried  to  Him  to 
have  mercy  upon  me,  and  to  forgive  me  my 
many  sins.  Of  course  I  returned  to  Gnaden- 
thal." 

CHURCH  KINDERGARTEN  WORK. 

BY  THB  REV.  J.  B.  CAMPBELL. 

It  is  now  about  six  months  since  I  con- 
ceived the  idea  of  church  kindergarten  work. 

We  have  to  day  on  our  roll  one  hundred 
names,  with  an  average  attendance  of  fifty. 
I  have  been  asked  over  and  over,  *'  What  is 
the  object?"  The  primary  and  ultimate 
object  is  to  mold  and  beautify  young  lives 
for  Jesus.  The  means  used  are:  1.  To  seek 
especially  those  who  are  not  brought  under 
any  religious  influences.  2.  The  simple 
truths  of  religion  are  made  prominent,  such 
as  the  reading  of  the  Bible,  singing,  prayer, 
Bible  recitations.  Then  we  have  the  illus- 
trated Sunday-school  lesson,  a  wonderful 
help  in  the  way  of  object  teaching.  8.  Mis- 
sionary work  is  taught.  We  intend  to  teach 
the  little  ones  to  prepare  papers  on  missions. 
Every  Saturday  those  that  are  able  bring 
their  offering.  4.  They  are  taught  the  prin- 
ciples of  etiquette  and  politeness,  the  little 
practical  things  that  come  up  in  every- day 


1892.] 


Kindergarten  in  Asia  Minor. 


75 


life.  5.  Then  we  have  a  general  drill  for 
boys  and  girls,  something  after  the  order 
of  the  boys'  brigade.  In  looking  at  the  de- 
yelopment  of  this  part  of  the  work  I  have 
been  surprised  to  see  what  inspiration  there 
is  in  a  dram ;  sometimes  I  have  laughed  un- 
til my  sides  shook  to  see  the  girls  try  to  out- 
do the  boys  in  the  military  step.  0.  We  have 
regular  kindergarten  work.  The  material 
for  this  department  we  secure  at  the  Bancroft 
building.  The  boys  and  girls  at  present  are 
piecing  a  quilt.  7.  Once  a  month  we  give 
them  an  entertainment;  /.  g.^  one  month  we 
give  them  cake  and  chocolate,  £he  next,  sand- 
wiches and  milk.  Last  Saturday  there  were 
about  sixty-two  present.  We  gave  them  fruit. 
More  than  one  parent  told  me  that  if  they 
wish  to  punish  their  children  they  tell  them 
they  will  keep  them  home  from  the  kindergar- 
ten This  has  the  immediate  effect  of  stilling 
the  youthful  tempest.  Any  information  I  can 
give  on  this  subject  will  afford  me  pleasure. 
Stockton,  Cal. 

KINDERGARTEN    IN     HADJIN,     ASIA 

MINOR. 

There  is  a  lively  scene  on  the  bit  of 
smooth  road  in  front  of  our  gate  every  morn- 
ing about  half -past  eight,  for  not  only  are  the 
boys  and  girls  of  the  High  School  then  on 
their  way  to  school,  but  almost  every  one 
leads  by  the  hand,  or  bears  on  -his  or  her 
back,  one  of  the  kindergarten  babies  as  welL 

This  kindergarten  school  is  proving  a 
great  success.  The  first  twenty  scholars 
were  collected  with  great  diflSculty,  but  after 
these  had  had  several  weeks*  training,  had 
learned  some  pretty  songs  and  games,  and 
had  entertained  their  fathers*  guests  at  New- 
Tear's  time  with  these,  our  difficulty  was  of 
quite  the  opposite  character.  There  were 
more  applications  for  admittance  than  we 
could  accept.  There  are  now  fifty  little  boys 
and  girls  in  the  school,  some  of  them  from 


the  more  well-to-do  Armenian  and  Protestant 

families,  and  some  of  the  poorest  of  Hadjin's 
poor. 

To  show  you  how  poor  are  some  of  these 
children,  let  me  give  you  an  example.  One 
woman  had  been  iold  that  she  might  send  her 
little  boy,  but  as  she  did  not  avail  herself  of  the 
privilege,  we  sent  one  of  our  teachers  to  learn 
the  reason.  The  woman  said,  *  *■  The  children 
who  go  to  that  school  must  carry  with  them 
something  to  eat,  and  very  often  I  have  not 
even  a  crust  to  give  my  child .  Here  at  home 
when  he  cries  from  hunger,  if  I  have  any 
bread,  I  give  it  to  him;  if  I  have  not,  he  cries, 
and  so  we  get  along.*'  Now  the  child  is  com- 
ing, and  several  of  the  other  children  have 
fallen  into  the  habit  of  bringing  a  little  more 
than  they  will  themselves  need,  with  the  ex- 
pectation of  giving  to  these  poor  when 
necessary. 

This  school  is  a  revelation  to  the  people  in 
many  ways.  First  the  idea  that  little  child- 
ren are  worth  taking  so  much  trouble  and 
going  to  so  much  expense  for  is  utterly  new 
and  strange.  Bat  these  little  tots  are  work- 
ing reforms  that  we  have  for  years  labored 
in  vain  to  introduce  among  their  elders.  For 
instance,  in  a  land  where  it  is  a  great  shame 
for  a  man  to  perform  the  slightest  service  for 
a  woman  or  a  child,  is  it  not  a  great  triumph 
to  have  a  father  leave  his  shop  of  a  stormy 
morning,  take  his  little  four-year-old  daugh- 
ter in  his  arms,  and  carry  her  the  half-mile, 
or  nearly  so,  to  school? 

Then  these  children  are  teaching  their 
parents  other  lessons,  as  for  instance,  that 
of  neatness  and  cleanliness.  When  one  little 
girl's  mother  told  her  one  day  that  she  was 
going  to  come  and  visit  her  school,  the  child 
answered,  '^  Oh,  don't!  or  if  you  do,  be  sure 
you  comb  your  hair  before  you  come.  If 
you  come  with  sucJi  looking  hair,  I  should  be 
80  ashamed! '^'^ — Missionary  Herald, 


76 


Ministerial  Necrology. 


[July 


(gUtnistetiof  (Uecrofo^. 


^^We  eaniestlj  request  the  famOiee  of  deoeaaed  mln- 
iflteni  and  the  stated  clerks  of  their  presbyteries  to  for- 
ward to  us  promptly  the  facts  given  in  these  notices,  and 
as  nearly  as  poaeuble  in  the  form  exemplified  below.  These 
notices  are  nighlv  valued  by  writers  of  Presbyterian  his- 
tory, compilers  of  statistics  and  the  Intelligent  readers  of 
both.  If  more  ooDvenient.  they  may  be  sent  to  Rev.  W. 
H.  Roberts,  D.D.,  Rtated  Cleric  of  the  General  AjMembly. 
LAne  Theological  Seminary,  Cincinnati,  Ohio. 


Barnes,  Erastus  Smith.— Bom  Sept.  26, 1810,  ih 
Govemeur,  N.  T. ;  graduated  from  Amherst  Col- 
lege, 18S8;  Union  Theological  Seminary,  1841 ; 
ordained  by  Watertown  Presbytery,  1841:  pastor 
at  Martinsburg,  N.  T.,  1841-40;  Chazy, 
N.Y.,  1850;  Boonville,  N.  Y.,  1855;  Lyon's 
FalU  and  Port  Leyden,  1858;  Lenox,  N. 
Y.,1860;  Munnaville,'N.  Y.,  1867;  Austinburg, 
Ohio,  1870;  Unionyille  and  North  Madison, 
Ohio,  1874.  He  married  Miss  Sarah  B.  Miner- 
Sept.  22, 1841,  who'died  Feb,  22.,  1875,  at  Union, 
ville,  Ohio.  He  then  removed  to  Wisconsin,  and 
preached  to  churches  at  Poynette  and  Lowville, 
and  afterwards  settled  in  Columbus,  Wis.  He 
here  married  Mrs.  Carrie  Augusta  Young,  of 
Richland  Center,  Wis.,  who  died  Oct.  31,  1889. 
He  then  removed  to  Manasses,  Va.,  to  the  home 
of  his  oldest  daughter,  where  he  died  March  26, 
1892.    Two  daughters  survive  him. 

Bracken,  Newton.— Bom  Nov.  80th,  1812,  at  Mt. 
Nebo,  Pa. ;  g^raduated  at  JelTerson  College  and 
from  the  Western  Theological  Seminary;  or- 
dained in  1841  by  Allegheny  Presbytery;  la- 
bored among  feeble  churches  in  eastern  Ohio 
for  thirty  years;  Organized  churches  at  Glasco 
and  Delphos,  Kansas,  in  1878;  supplied  them  for 
ten  or  twelve  years.  Died  near  Glasco,  Kan., 
Jan.  19th,  1892.  His  eight  children,  one  a  min- 
ister, survive  him. 

Mack,  Thomas.— Bom  July  18,  1801,  in  County 
Antrim,  Ireland;  in  June,  1840,  came  to  America; 
first  licensed  by  Methodist  Episcopal  Church, 
then  by  Presbytery  of  Newton,  April  26,  1842; 
ordained  pastor  of  Mt.  Bethel  Church,  Pa., 
April,  18, 1854;  united  with  Hudson  Presbytery 
and  pastor  of  Coshecton  Church  for  five  yeisirs; 
pastor  Liberty  five  years;  Hempstead  twenty- 
five;  released  from  this  July  18th,  1891,  his  nine- 
tieth birthday.  Died  in  New  York  City  Jan.  16, 
1861.  Married  Sept.  2, 1848  Miss  S.  A.  Kline- 
fetter,  of  Williamsburgh.  His  widow  and  two 
married  daughters  survive  him. 

Martin,  John. — Bom  Feb  2, 1826,  in  Brown  County. 
Ohio:  Graduated  at  Marietta  College,  Ohio; 
studied  law  in  and  elected  mayor  of  George- 


town; graduated  Lane  Theological  Seminary, 
1855;  pastor  in  Addison,  Ohio,  1855-1862; 
preached  in  Trenton,  Jefferson,  Wisconsin;  Dela- 
fleld.  Wis.,  till  1880;  Silver  Ridge,  Dixon  County, 
Neb.,  one  year;  moved  to  St. Helena,  Neb.,  in 
1881;  to  Harlington,  Neb.,  in  1886,  where  he 
died  Jan  22, 1892.  The  widow,  three  sons  and  one 
married  daughter  survive  him. 

Nelson,  Joseph.— Bom  Aug.  16,  1825,  at  Newto- 
nardo,  neai*  Belfast,  Lreland ;  graduated  Royal 
Belfast  College,  1848;  ordained  by  Antrim 
Presbytery,  March  28,  1850;  owing  to  infirm 
health  gave  himself  to  travel  and  occasional 
pulpit  supply;  principal  Romney  Classical  Insti- 
tute, Hampshire  County,  W.  Va.,  1857-1868; 
principal  Cumberland  City  Academy,  Allegheny 
County,  Md.,  1868-1875;  Pastor  Bethel,  Md., 
1875-1884;  Nantago,  N.  J.,  1884-1887.,  Stated 
Supply,  CentreviUe,  N.  Y.,  1888-Aug  1891.  Died 
in  Middletown,  N.  Y.,  Dec  31,  1891.  Married, 
Sept.  29, 1851,  Miss  Jeannette  McKibbin,  of  Glen- 
arm,  County  Antrim,  who  with  two  daughters 
and  one  son  survives  him. 

Ogilvie,  Archibald.— Bom  Dec.  17,  1854,  in 
G^rgetown,  Canada;  graduated  at  McGill 
University,  Montreal,  in  1886;  after  post-gradu- 
ate course  received  the  degree  of  B.  D. ;  ordained 
in  1886  pastor  of  Wolseley  Presbyterian  Church, 
Northwest  territory,  Canada.;  moved  to  Ojai 
Valley,  Ventura  County,  California,  in  1889, 
where  he  supplied  the  Presbyterian  Church  eight 
months.  Died  there  Nov.  18,  1891.  Married  in 
1889,  Miss  Laura  Sutherland. 

Prichett,  Edward  Corrie.— Bom  in  Vizagapa- 
tam,  India:  Oct.  19,  1812;  his  father  Rev. 
Edward  Pritchett,  was  a  distinguished  mission- 
ary and  also  a  noted  lingui^,  who  translated 
the  New  Testament  and  nearly  all  of  the  Old 
Testament  into  Hindostanee;  studied  in  Lon- 
don and  Amherst  College ;  studied  theology  with 
Rev.  Beriah  Green,  of  Whitestown,  the  noted 
abolitionist;  ordained  in  the  Presbyterian 
church;  preached  in  Adams,  N.  Y.,  and  Orisk- 
any,  N.  Y. ;  in  the  war  chaplain  of  50th  New 
York  Engineers;  lived  in  New  Hartford  and 
Utica,  where  he  died  May  13,  1892.  liarried 
Miss  Sophia  Ijawson,  of  Utica.  One  son  and 
two  daughters  survive  him. 


Elder  Lewis  H.  Clark  of  Sodus,  N.  Y.,  writes  us 
that  in  our  Necrological  Notice  of  Rev.  Charles  Mer- 
win,  in  our  April  number,  one  date  is  incorrect.  In 
tbi)  sixth  line,  for  1846  read  1844. 

We  are  thankful  for  all  such  help  towards  iner- 
rancy^ whereunto  we  have  not  yet  attained. 


RECE  I  PTS. 

StuoiIb  in  SKAix  catitai^;  FreabytnieB  In  Ualie;  Chnrcbea  in  BamuD. 


VF^t  ^  o'  Bi'Bfit  importance  to  tbe  traasureni  of  oU  the  boBrds  that  when  money  is  sent  to  ttiem,  tfa* 
wune  of  the  church  from  which  it  cornea,  and  of  tlie  preebTtsr;  to  which  the  church  belcnigs,  should  be 
dititinctlv  written,  uid  that  the  peraoa  sending  should  sign  bin  or  her  name  distinctly,  with  proper  title,  e.  17., 
Autor,  Treaieurer.  Miaa  or  JUr*. ,  ae  the  caae  naj  be.  Careful  attention  to  this  will  save  much  troulile  and 
perliape  prevent  serious  mletalceB. 


BtX^EUPTS  FOR  HOHB  MISSIONS,  MARCH,  1892. 

.    .  Anumptkiti,  S:Cuer> 

>).  39:  Hkrelull,  4;  HaCtDon  (Y.  L 

„_, ,.  — ,.  — ,    Morris™ vi lie,  «;    Paoa  1(t,  *  IT; 

RhelbyTllle.  SO;  Tuscola.  ISM:  York,  I.  Offaun-Au  Bable 


MntfooH— Anderson,  _, 
S  49:  KaoBus  (sab-ich,  > 
MtaB'T  8oc'7.  »»).  S- 


Orore. 


8oc'7,  ISO),  T 
Ednarda  and 

South  rirg'ini 


~  WeaemiDSIer,  H  84:  : 


, ,„,     ,.    °|^ 

iwixi— Llord's,  go  eta;  New  Hope,  a  otB. 
Ibeneier,  1.     yadfati-auitord,  1;  Win- 


Ptorl 


:   Paw  Pa« 
I,  10;  ■ 


scb  bIrthdaT 


11  fi^PraipectrW; 
nuo  niuci-— niuiB.  <fi  49:  AshCon  lab- 
10;  Ulxon.  67  OS:  Gmespo.  10;  Kevauee 


rwood.  1 


Princeton  lsab«!li,  801.  M  ST;   Rock  Is _, 

add'l.  10  la;  _-  CenlPftl  Y.  P.  H.  C.  E.,  B  44.    SckuyUr- 

Qresn.  S;  'Hersman,  M:  Klrkwood  (sab-sch,' fl  «|.  17; 
LDierty,  A;  Macomb.  US;  Nbutdo  (lerman,  H  SO:  Warsaw, 

4  93.  Sprinafietd-¥»rwtBgton,  21:  Greeniiew,  IBM: 
MaPoa.  ft:  PeleraliurKh,  14  «0;  Plsgah,  B  M;  Springfleld 
Id.  10;  UoitT.  SOI;  Wlnctaeater,  1  M;  Ker.  W.  L.  Tarhet 
and  wife,  4  80.  a,87S  00 

iHnuNi.-i^rr  Wiiune-VAkb^rt  (sab-sch,  SS).  ST:  Uma. 

5  06.  Loflanmwri- Union,  8  SO.  Muncie— Elwood  (L.  A. 
SoG'r.  S),  4;  Tluton.  G.  ^eir  Albnnv—New  Atbanr  Sd.  t. 
riTicennp. -Vinoennes  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E,.  1».     WAHii   Water 

I;  JtiBingBun(«ab.sdi.  S),  IB.  "    " 


in  Fork. 


Huldrowsao-scn,  wjcis;  i 
•ch  (Woodall  hranuh  sab-i 
90  ds:  VlDita.10;  White 
Rer.  A,  D,  Jack.  B.     Ckick 


„ -CAerofcw     Nati 

:  BlueSprlDK.  1:  Claremc 


.    ..uga-lBT.  3: 

a  Hciucd.  B;  Kim 


a.  10: 


Fort  nibson.  » 
rk  Hill  BDcl  Hat>- 

PlHwant  Valley. 

iBon's  Bprtnit,  I; 

IHty,  1  M;  <luth- 

Nonnap.  «;  Purcell.  S: 

Bwoka.B. 


10).  8S:  Wjomlni,  IB  W.  Councit  Biujrt—ilton  lab^ch, 
T:  Audubon.  B7  38;  Avoca  (sab-scb.  4  M),  14  TS;  Bsdford 
(Y  P.  8,  C.  E.,  4  60).  40  74;  Carson,  IB:  ClarlnilB  Y.  P.  8. 
C.  E.,  3:rvmira7,  RM:Cr«toD.  61  60:  Deiler.a;  Ewex.B; 
OrlswoldfY.P.B.C.E..  19Bt),%B7:LeDOJ,Xe:Loi)an,14:B; 
Name.  6  80;  HeDlo.  IB;  Missouri  Valley,  B;  HomloK  Btar 
mb-sch.  I  10;  Neola,  S  60;  BhenaDdonb  (sab-sch,  Si  £S>, 
M  »;  Walnut  aal>»ch,  1  60;  Woodbine.  4  SO.  Dr»  Uoinet 
— Albia  Ist  Y  P.  H.  C.  E,.  8  85:  Colfax,  IB;  Derby.  8  8"; 
Dea  Uolnea  8th.  15:  Des  Moln«  Central  (sab^ch,  10), 
8S3  IB:  —  curton  HeJKhls.  16;  —  WestmluBter  (Y.  P.  B.  C. 
T...  10),  M;  Dexter  a^i^ch.  880;  Earlham.  5;  Grand  River, 
3:  ariineB,4e:  HqpeTllle.  S;  BumesloD,  8;  JacksouTille. 
3  tS:  KDOivills,  Ki:  laurel.  IS:  Leon,  la  part,  11  01:  Line- 
Tills.  S:  Lucas,  4  10:  Mariposa.  8:  Newton  <¥.  P.  6.  C.  E., 
4,  salHSch,  8  VT),  88  OT:  Ososola,  7  TB;  Oakalonwi.  30:  Rus- 
sell SB:  Beymour.  8;  Wlnterset,  Mrs.  14.  S.  Kinsman,  SO. 
DuAuow-CsntrBtown  Ofrman,  8;  DaytoD  Unlou  lati-BCll. 
I  eo:  IJnbuque  tat  (sabw:h,  IB),  88;  —  Sd  and  sab.<Kh,  SB; 
—  let  nerman.  10:  DyersTlUe  Gennan.  S;  Farley,  II; 
FraukTllle,  8:  Hopkloton  (sab-scb,  S  73).  1863;  iDdepFnd- 
ence  GermaD  (W.  H.  S..  BO).  SB;  Uount  Hope,  4B0:  Pine 
Creek  (sab-Bch,S),  IS:  Pleasant Orove.a;Pral rie.3T0:Bow- 
loy.8.  J'\)rt/>oiiDi!— Bancroft.  B;  Bethel,  17  80:Bort,  6;  Car- 
roll. 44  50:  Estttertllle  (Y.  P.  ff.  C.  K..  1  78).  10  88:  Fonda 
(saltsch.  I),  3;  Fort  Dodge  1st  (sab  sch.  30  36),  B8;  Olldden, 
BO  88;  Lake  City.  28  Bfl:  Paton  {aab-sch.  S  16),  18  16; 
Pomeroy,  STO;  Bamsey  Oerman,  4;  Rippey,  4  M;  Rock- 
well  City.  B7  60:  Rolteid  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E..  »:  Spirit  Lake.  88; 
Sunnyside.  4:  West  Bend.  3  88.  /owl— Blrmlnithain  sab- 
sch.  8  83:  BuriinKlon  Ist,  7B:  Croton.  B  SO:  Krokuk  Weft- 
mlDBter(Bab-Bch,  B  IB),  88  81;  Koaautb,  K:  Lebanon,  7; 
77 


78 


Home  Miaaions. 


[Jvfy, 


Middletown,  7  60;  Montrose,  addU.  10;  Mount  Pleasant  Ist, 
49  50;  ~  Qerman  (sab-sch,  5),  0:  Mount  Zion.S  26;  Ottum- 
wa  Ist,  46  72;  Shiloh,  8.  loun  City— Ataliasa,  9;  Brooklyn, 
6;  Oedar  Valley,  18;  Oolumbus  Junction  Central  Y.  P.  S. 
C.  E.,  6;  Davenport  Ist,  809  06;  —  2d  Y.  P.  6.  C.  E.,  8  17; 
Deep  River,  4;  Iowa  City,  66;  Keota,  11;  Lafayette.  8; 
Malcolm  (sab-sch,  3),  83;  Montezuma  (sab-sch,  7,  Y.  P.  8. 
C.  E.,  2),  61 49;  Muscatine  Ist  (sab-sch,  (Oi  06;  Sigoumey,  2; 
Sugar  Creek,  7;  Washington,  20  97;  West  Liberty,  19  6o; 
Wmiamsburgh,  14  60;  Wilton,  40.  Sioux  City-BaXtle 
Creek  sab-sch,  add'L  17  cts;  Denisou  sab-sch,  12;  Early, 
8  17;  Ida  Grove,  7  60;  Mt.  Pleasaat,  10;  Odebolt,  16;  Sac 
CMtv,  19  66;  SchaUer,  40  41;  Sioux  City  8d,  4  06;  Storm 
LAke,  6;  Woodbury  Co.  Westminster,  10.  Waterloo— 
Ackley  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  5;  ApUngton  (Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  5  31), 
26  81;  Blairsburg,  1  6Q;  Cedar  Falls,  S4  09;  Dysart,  22; 
Janesville,  6;  Kajbrar  German,  22;  Marshalltown,  add^l, 
4;  Pisgah,  8;  Steamboat  Rock,  5;  Toledo  sab-sch,  6; 
Williams,  11  07.  3,826  67 

Kansas.— £^iporia—Argonia,  60  cts;  Burlington,  6; 
Caldwell,  27;  Clear  Water,  8;  Conwur  Springs,  6;  Emen- 
daro  L.  A.  Soc>,  11  66;  Ewell,  4  16;  Emporia  1st  (Y.  P.  S. 
C.  E.,  7  40),  72  40;  Eureka,  26  W;  Florence  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E., 

8  82;  Lyndon  (Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  8  68;,  20  98;  Marion  sab-sch, 
10;  Morris,  2;  Mount  Vernon,  16;  MulvaneW.  M.  S.,  4  36; 
Oxford,  18;  Peabody  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E  ,  6;  Silver  Creek.  8  07; 
Wellington,  20;  Wichita  Harmony,  2;  —  Lincoln  Street, 
4  25.  ZftffA/and  — Atchison  1st,  84  80;  Avoca,  2:  Blue 
Rapids,  1  88;  Corning.  6;  Elflngham,  18;  Frankfoit,  7; 
Horton,  1  98;  Huron.  3^;  Lancaster,  2;  Larkin,  2:  Marys* 
ville,  4  40;  NortonviUe,  14  81;  Soldier,  1 ;  Troy,  8.  Lamed 
—Chase,  6;  Cimarron,  2  25;  Crisfield,  3;  Otnningham, 
7  60;  DanviUe,  8;  EUhiwood,  7;  Freeport,  6;  Qaixlen  CHty, 
2  25;  Geneseo,  6;  Halsted,  10;  Kendall,  2;  Lamed,  Band 
of  Workers,  8  76;  Lyons  (sab-sch,  4  69,  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  6), 

9  69;  McPheraon.  80;  Medicine  Lodge,  6;  Nashville.  5; 
Richfield,  1;  Sterling.  25;  Rev.  G.  E.  Bicknell,  6.  JSeos?io 
—Baxter  Springs.  6;  Carlyle,  2  58;  Chanute  sab-sch,  8  66; 
Coffey  ville,  5;  Elk  City,  2;  Galena,  6;  Humboldt  (Lamp- 
lighters* Band,  6),  16  69:  lola,  6;  McCune,  9;  Neodesha, 
16;  Neosho  Falls,  18  82;  Osage  1st,  88  60;  Oswego.  80; 
Paola,  69  60;  Parsons  sab-sch,  4  87;  Pittsburgh  Y.  P.  S.  C. 
E.,  1  41;  Pleasanton,  6;  Wahiut,  6  06;  Weir,  2;  Rev.  J.  N. 
McClung,  6;  Rev.  V.  M.  King  and  wife,  6.  Os&om«— Bow 
Creek,  add'l,  1  67;  Fremont,  8;  Hill  aty.  7;  Logan,  8; 
Long  Island,  8;  Oberlin,  26;  Zion,  610.  iSoIotnon— Barnard, 
2  60;  Bennington,  8  21;  Carlton,  8  22;  Cheever,  4;  Clyde, 
20 17;  Delphos  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  1  70;  Harmony  Paris  Stat  Ion, 
1  60;  Herington,  8  60;  Mt.  Pleasant,  6  60;  SaUna  Y.  P.  S. 
C.  E.,  8  08;  Scandia,  2;  Scotch  Plains,  2;  Vesper,  7.  Topeka 
—Bala,  8  76;  Bald w  hi,  7;  Black  Jack,  8;  Junction  City  1st 
Y.  P.  S.  C.  E ,  4;  Leavenworth  1st.  860;  Lowemont,  8; 
Manhattan  (Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  16,  sab-sch,  6),  36;  Olathe  (Y. 
P.  S.  C.  E.,  2  10,  Golden  Links  Mission  Band,  6  50),  11  60; 
Oskaloosa,  7;  Perry  (sab-sch,  1  26),  6  67:  Sedalia.  4;  Sey- 
mour, 10;  Topeka  Westminster,  10  82:  Kansas  (3ity  C;en- 
tral  L.  M.  S.,  16;  —  Grand  View  Park.  4.  1,848  75 

KBNTucKY.—^6€7tecer— Ashland,  45  90;  Augusta,  6  32; 
Covington  1st,  addU,  14  75;  Flemlngsburgh,  11  26;  Greenup 

i Ladies  Mission  Band,  8  10),  8  10;  Lexhigton  2d,  459  66; 
lount  Sterling  1st.  6  75;  Murphysville,  2;  Paris  Ist.  26; 
Sharpsburg  sab.sch,  2.  Zxmiavt/Ze— Dycusburg,  1;  Kut- 
tawa,  25;  Louisville  4th,  10;  —  Covenant,  3  85;  Owens- 
boro  1st,  88;  Penn'a  Run,  4;  Pewee  Vallev,  5;  Princeton 
Ist  (sab-sch,  2),  16  25.  3Van«w2vanta— Columbia  12;  Dan- 
ville 2d,  100;  Ebenezer,  2  80;  dreensburgh,  12  50;  Harrods- 
burgh,  81  70;  Lancaster,  15.  859  72 

MicHiOAN.—Z>cfroi't— Detroit  3d  Avenue,  11  89;  —  Fort 
Street,  1,402  57:  —  Westminster,  147  78;  Howell,  40;  Marine 
City,  16:  Milford  United,  63  50;  NorthviUe  1st,  18  06; 
Springfield,  6  74;  Unadilla,  6;  White  Lake,  17  26;  Wyan- 
dotte, 81  78;  Ypsilanti,  88  24.  i^Vtn^— Akron,  7;  Argentine 
sab-sch.  4;  Bad  Axe,  5;  Caseville,  1  60;  Chandler,  9;  Cros- 
well,  7  75;  Otro  1st  and  sab-sch,  54;  Columbia,  7  50; 
Corunna  (W.  M.  8.,  12  60),  S2  60;  Flint,  43  23;  Grindstone 
City,  1  68;  Lapeer,  15  28;  Linden.  4  85;  Otter  Lake.  10; 
Port  Austin,  7ft  cts;  Port  Hope.  3  20;  Sand  Beach,  5;  Vas- 
sar,  6  50.  Orand  Rfmids—lMdington,  add'l,  5;  Pewamo, 
5;  Tustin,  15  12.  Kalamazoo  —  Kalamazoo  Ist.  264  33; 
—  North,  8;  Kendall,  10;  Martin,  8  66;  Schoolcraft,  9. 
IxinMnj/— Albion,  40;  Jackson  1st,  82  87:  Lansing  Ist.  8  96; 
Mason,  50;  Oneida,  15.  ifonroe— Adrian  1st,  93  05;  BHbs- 
fleld,  Hiram  Hervey,  100;  Clayton.  14;  Coldwater,  38  69; 
Deerfield.  19;  Dover,  4:  Erie,  7;  Hillsdale  (Y.  P.  8.  C.  E., 
3),  40;  La  Salle,  4;  Monroe,  87;  Petersburg,  85;  Reading 
(sab-sch,  88  cts.  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  1),  5  25.  Peto^itey— Alan- 
son,  1;  Boyne  City,  8;  Boyne  Falls,  4;  East  Jordan,  18  85. 
SkioinatD—K\\is,  84  76;  Bay  City  (1st  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  7  50), 
81  51;  Coleman,  2;  Emerson,  20;  Grayling,  add'l,  5;  Inger- 
solL  3  50.  2,948  97 

MiNifBSOTA.— Dutiif^i— Fond  du  Lac,  8;  Hazlewood  Park, 
3;  Lakeside,  15;  New  Duluth  House  of  Hope,  3:  West 
Duluth  Westminster,  12  48.    IfanJIca^o— Amboy,  12;  Blue 


Earth  City,  11;  Kasota,  9  65;  Lake  Oystal,  11  26;  Luveme, 
25;  Mankato  1st,  87  24;  Morgan,  2;  St.  James  CMission 
Band,  6),  86  60;  St.  Peter's  Union,  6  76;  Tracy,  16.  Ited 
Rivtr—Argyla  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E ,  10  70;  Ashby,  6;  Feigiia 
Falls  Ist,  2  60;  Mahie,  8;  Maplewood,  2  75:  Moorheaa.  8; 
Red  Lake  Falls,  18  86;  Tabor  Bohemian,  6  50.  8t.  Paul— 
Bethany,  1:  Buffalo,  20  60;  Burbank,  1;  Crystal  Bay,  8; 
E,gin,  1;  Farmington,  8;  Hawick,  1;  Kerkhoven,  8  85; 
Litchfield,  68  10;  Long  Lake,  4;  Macalester  sab-sch,  1860; 
Minneapolis  1st,  88  80;  —  Franklin  Avenue  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E., 

8  60;  —  Highland  Park,  87  61:  —  House  of  Faith  Jr.  Y.  P. 
8.  C.  E  ,  1  60;  -Shiloh,  20;  North  St.  PauL  8;  Red  Wine, 
40;  Rockford,  10;  Rush  City,  Pear's  school-house  branch 
sab-sch,  1  88:  St.  Croix  FaUs.  7  48;  St  Paul  Central,  14  6u; 

—  Goodrich  Avenue,  6;  —  House  of  Hope  (sab-scu,  60), 
212  63;  —Knox,  1;  Spring  Grove,  18  30;  Vermillion,  b; 
Warrendale,  6;  Wlllmar,  20  88.  TTtnono— Albert  Lee 
(sab-sch,  8  60),  88  C2;  Chatfield,  7  88;  Frank  Hill  German, 
8;  Kasson,  85;  Le  Hoy,  15  70;  Rochester,  84  85;  Winotia 
German.  20.  1,081  41 

Missouri.— JTaTwaa  Ci7y— Appleton  City  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E-. 
6;  Brownington,  8;  Butler  (Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  4  80).  41  20; 
Clinton,  18;  Deepwater,  10;  Holden,  20;  Kansas  City  let, 
193  11;   —  2d  (sab-sch,  97  25),  112  85;  —  Linwood,  1  85; 

—  Hill  Memorial,  19;  Knob  Noster  (sab-sch,  8),  17;  Salem, 
7;  Sedalia  Broadway,  100;  lipton  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  8.  Ozark 
—Ash  Grove,  8;  Bolivar,  8  50;  Ebenezer,  12;  Faii^ay  (sab- 
sch,  8  10,  Mission  Band,  80  cts),  6  80;  Grand  PrrJrie,  6; 
Irwin,  4:  Mount  Zion,  6:  Ozark  Prairie,  7:  Springfield  C!al- 
vary  sab-sch,  85;  West  Plains  1st,  5.  Palmyra— Birdaeye 
Ridge,  17;  Canton,  5;  Hannibal,  55;  Knox  City,  6;  La 
Grange,  5;  Macon,  22;  Milan,  6;  Newark,  8;  New  PtotI- 
dence,  6;  Pleasant  Prairie,  8;  Unionville,  6;  Wilson,  1. 
P/affe— Akron,  8;  C!arrollton,  6;  Craig  sab-sch,  8;  Martina- 
ville,  8;  New  Hampton,  7;  St.  Joseph^d,  16:  Stanberiy,  4; 
Union  Star,  8.  St.  Loum— Bethel  German.  6  60;  Cuba,  90; 
De  Sota,  10;  Emmanuel  German,  11;  Ironton,8  41;  Jonea* 
boro,  4;  Kirk  wood,  102  97;  Ridge  Station.  8;  Salem  Ger- 
man, 10;  St.  Charles  Jefferson  Street  1st,  60;  St.  Louis 8d 
(L.  A.  Soc'y,  100),  700;  —  1st  German,  20;  —  Cote  Brtl- 
liante  Miss'y  Soc'y,  8  50;  —  Glasgow  Avenue,  81;  —  Grace, 
5;  —  North,  85;  —  W^ashington  and  Compton  Avenue,  40; 

—  West,  67  85;  "R.  H.  J.,"  9;  Rev.  J.  W.  AUen,  D.  D.,  100. 

8,068  84 
NKBaA8KA.—H<Mefny«— Beaver  City,  add'l,  4  40;  C^lb«»rt- 
son,  6  35;  Driftwood,  7  85;  Hasthigs,  66;  Oxford,  5;  Thorn- 
ton, 2  85.  iTeom^y-Berg,  2  82;  Big  Springs,  8  45;  Cheny 
Creek,  2  88:  Fullerton,  10;  Grand  Island,  89;  St.  Paul,  12; 
Sumner,  8  85:  Wood  River  sab-sch  (Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  1  80), 
K  65.  Nebraska  CV/y— Adams,  7;  Bameston,  6;  Beatrice 
2d,  6:  Blue  Springs,  21 ;  Falls  City,  2 10;  Hickman  German, 
4:  Lincoln  Sd,  6;  Panama,  6;  Pawnee  (Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  14, 
birthday  box,  8).  87:  Plattsmouth  German  and  sab-sch, 
4  25;  Raymond,  10;  Salem,  4:  StaplehurBt,6;  Sterling,  18; 
Tamora,  4:  Tecumseh  1st,  20.  >^io6rara— Atkinson,  4; 
Cleveland.  3;  Emerson  sab-sch,  1  60;  Oakdale,676:  O'NeiU, 
10;  Stuart,  8:  Winnebago  Indian.  16  06.  OinoAa— Bellevue, 
11  79;  Bethlehem,  5;  ^lack  Bird  Hills,  17:  Ceresco,  4; 
Craig,  11  85;  Creston,  5;  Grandview,  8;  Omaha,  Ist  Y.  P. 
8.  C.  E.,  7  80:  —  2d  (Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  6  80),  81  80;  South 
Omaha,  10;  Wahoo,  10  70.  688  70 

New  Jersey.— Con'Aco—Batanga.  8;  Benita,  10:  Gaboon, 
6.  Elizabelh—B&yonDe  City,  35;  Bethlehem,  6;  ClarksvUle, 
5;  Clinton  (sab-sch,  25),  86;  Connecticut  Farms  (sab-sch, 
14),  84;  Cranford,  12  81;  Elizabeth  1st,  Murray  Miss> 
Asso'n,  86  66;  —2d,  810;  —  8d,  60;  —Westminster  (sab- 
sch,  117  25),  382  66;  Lamington  (sab-sch,  26  08).  1S9  OS; 
Lower  Valley,  30;  Plainfleld  Ist  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  6  lO;  Plain- 
field  Crescent  Avenue  (Bethel  Chapel.  8,  Hope  Chapel  (Y. 
P.  S.  C.  E.,  8  60),  5  09),  7  09;  Pluckamm  sab-sch.  89;  Rah- 
way  1st.  180;  —  2d,  140;  Roselle,  48  88;  Westfield  sab-sch, 
80;  Ladies'  Presbyterial  Soc*y,  6  06.  Jertey  C?i7y-Engle- 
wood,  827  82;  Hackensack  (sab-sch,  10).  20;  Jersey  dtj  Ist 
(a  member,  20,  sab-sch  Miss'y  Asso'n,  60),  70;  —  John 
Knox,  20:  —  Scotch,  70;  Passaic  1st  sab-sch,  4  68:  Pater- 
son  2d  sab-sch,  40;  —  Broadway  German  (sabsch,  2),  7; 
Rutherford  1st  sab-sch,  68  06;  West  Hobokcn  Ist,  10;  West 
Milford,  20.  JIfoTimoMfA— Allentown,  add'l,  20;  Bamegat, 
1  80;  Beveriy  (sab-sch,  20),  48  (n:  Columbus  (sab-sch.  18), 
17  90;  Cranbuiy  Ist  (sab-sch,  48  87),  106  64;  Forked  River, 
1;  Freehold,  15  12;  Jamesburgh,  10;  Kevport.  6;  Lake- 
wood,  220  76;  Manalapan,  8:  Matawan  (sab-sch,  40^,  170 18; 
New  Gretna  W.  M.  8..  6;  Plattsburgh,  7;   Potot  Pleasant, 

9  50;  Shrewsbury,  86;  Tennent  (Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  lOJ,  »5; 
Tuckerton,  8.  Morris  and  Orange— Boonton  sab-sch.  66; 
Chester  (sab-sch,  85),  80;  Dover,  99  94;  —  Welsh,  6;  East 
Orange  Ist,  870;  —  Brick,  767  89;  Flanders,  15  60;  Gterman 
Valley.  26;  Hanover.  Misses  Fisk,  800;  Madison  (sab-sch, 
100),  142  88;  Mine  HIU,  10;  Morristown  Fouth  Street  Sp., 
10;  Mt.  Freedom,  10:  New  Vernon,  20;  Orange  Central, 
890:  —  Hillside,  848  86;  Parsippany,  60;  Pleasant  Grove, 
16  20;  South  Orange  Ist,  25  47;  Succasunna.  6  08:  Summit 
Central,  12  85.    i\^tair*-Newark  2d,  128  91 ;  —  8d,  818 1  j . 


1392.]  Htme  Miasuma. 

—  «h,10;  —  inOcrmu,  e  W:  —  al  Germaji,  II:  — Mh 
A*«oue,  11;  —  BeltuoT.  B;  —  Fewnnltb  HenwrlaJ,  IB  X; 

—  Hlghatraet,81i  —  Park,  W  W;  —  WlckllfTs,  U  SG; — 
WoofddttH.  C.ai.  A«B£niiMiMcJt-A)eivi(lrbilM.ia; 
. ..  ...  ipallUul  Workers  Bud.  IS  W>,  Si  M;   —2d, 


1,  WeM  Side  Cbape 


IHO:  —  Beth»nj(»b-ich.<<l),  M:  —  Bol ,_ 

»:  —  OeDtnil,  add-l,  XW  87;  —  Coienut,  M>  < 
Quel  Cbapel,  M  SO;  —FivDch  ETUBeltcal,  1 


»;  icing 


•n  (ub-sch,  B),  U;  KloKwood.  i:  Lawi 

Tch,U:   NewT 

•atp«eh,  lOt.O' 


evllls. 


M,  IO:Prtc«tODitdCutp«eh,  10),Mt8:  TitiisTl|]e,Se;lTen- 
lon  in  (U.  a  O.,  l.OOO,  E.  H.  O.,  SCO).  I.HOO;  —  Sd.  W31  M;  — 
ftth.kddUO:— PnMpectBtreelCHb-acb.Sfi.BRwkTllleub- 
Kh.  I  Wl),  IM  rr.  JVMDdm— AiidoTer(Bati«:ti,  1  41,  Y.  P.  8. 
C.  E.,  1).  S  GS;  AibiirT.  lb-,  Uslvidere  itX,iO-,~  tA,  IB  tO: 
I>«ckeruiini  IM,  M  M:  Oreenwlch.  10;  Hscketlalovn, 
IW  «:  Knowlloo,  7110;  kuBometeoiiK  Vsllcy  (New  Hanip- 
ton  ub-ich.  10).  ID:   Newton  ut>«ch,  IM  Rl;   Oitord  Sd, 

J  m;  Stuhope  T.  P.  8.  C.  7"     °-  " ■" "    -" 

140;  tttiUwMer.  Kdd'l,  S;  1 „„ 

too  I>t.  IfiO:   Yellow  Frame.  LanDiDi 


SlraM.8:  —  WeBtmiuMr,  ISO  SS;  —  WesbSlde.a;  Fruk- 
lloTille,  11;  Oowando.  lOi  Hunbunh  Lake  Street,  1; 
JaiiMMtowD  in,  TV  m;  CHean  (Hb-acb,  9  tl).  SB  II:  Orchard 
Park(a^acli.1).«:  Rlpiej  Ist,  U:  gberman.  T;  Tooa- 
waoda-TT;  WeMaeld.1iA8l  OiwiuD-Auburnlst.MI  W; 
—  *]. »  M;  —  Calnry,  M;  CMo.  1;  brjita  (aab-nch.  i  IS), 
40:  0«oalalC*Bb-BcIi,IE).  SS70:~Sd.  71>:Herldlaii.  4B. 
Chomptafn— BelmoDt.  «;  Burke  IB:  Chair,  »;  Hloerttle. 
Bdd'l.B:PIaltdHin[hY.  P.  8.  C.E..  6.  Okenuna-Elmlra 
lit,  mil:  Horse  Heads.  10;  HeckleDbuIKh.a  SO.  CO/um. 
N»-OreeDTll1s.  S;  Hillsdale,  «;  Hudson.  J.  N.  HcOKTert, 

i 


Creek  and  Foreatport.  Sj  AuKusta,  8  91;  Camden  iBt  (Y. 
P.  8.  C.  E.,  1  W).  fl  W:  ILon^.  P.  8.  C.  E..  B  04:  Little 
Palls,  WO;  LowTllle.Sl;  Nortbwood.  S  GO;  OaeMaCaslle 
Corbnii  HetDOrtal,  IS;  Turin  sab-Kb.  ■  W;  Utica  Olivet, 
Si  Tenion  Centre,  S  t»;  Waterrllle,  It  70;  Wen  Camden, 
IC;  WesteruTlUe,  11.  ICufcAeifer— Croton  Falla,  7  47; 
Darien  (Kb-ach.  tS  GO,  Y.  P.  B.  C.  E.,  ■  77).  GO  IB;  QUead, 
19;  KataDah.40:  Mt.  Kisco,  48;  NawRochelle.  SS;  Port 
Cheater,  S:  Sine  Sing  (Calnuy  Cbuwl  sab  sch.  20).  se  tO; 
BouthEaaCSO;  BoatbSaleni,  Ifl0;8tamtordlst,  arrtend. 
GO:  Yoakeia  Darapring.  40.  I4,S1S  TB 

North  DisoTi.—BiBnori*— Bismarck  [sah«cb.  lOj.  IS. 
f^inro—BulIslo.  t  10;  Cogswell,  3;  Elm  RlTer.  G:  Oraod 
Raplda,  8;  Lisbon  Y.  F.  8.  C.  E..  II  M;  Tower  aty.  4  47. 
pRHMna— Canton.  8;  C^^al,  IS;  Hoople,  90;   I&keler, 


14  6G; 


OBiu.—.d(fc«u— Atbena1at(aab-M:h,  18^41  4G;  aalUpo- 
lla.St:  Uarietta4tbBtreet,ll«B;Nebonillle,ig7!^PleaB^ 
ant  Ororei  S  18;  Rer.  C.  B.  Taylor  and  wife,  G.  BtUeJim- 
fnAu—BellefraitalDelat,  (SGI;  Buck  Creek.  18.  CKiAico- 
(he— Blocmlneburd,  18:  BannMrllle,  S;  Chlllicothe  Ist, 
ISSfll:  Concord,!;  HouDtPleanntCeab-ach,  2  «G),  II  78: 
New  Petersbursh.  GO;  WilkeaiUie,  18  GO.  Cinciyituili— 
ClnclniiBtl7tlisab«eh,2t:  —  lit  German,  I8i  — MOer- 
maa,  8:  -  Walnut  Hills  ist  sab-sch.  100;  Elmwood  PIbl-s, 
3;  Olendale,  89  IS;  HarrlKiD  lab-acb.  8;  Hartwell  lab-Kb, 
>0:  LOTelaod  (nb-Mdi  (Missi™  Band,  8  4G).  91  81),  180  11; 
Monroe,  18:  H<Kitin>merr.  99  3S;  Uorrow  (sab  ech.  8  08). 
3S;  NewRlchiDODd,  II;  TleMant  Ridge  (eab-scb,  II  8«;. 

. _^   _   .. ■-ood,l>77:   Wil- 

.  76.  CleiwJond— 

.  ... _notm  a  Halber, 

lOO),  410  98;  —  M.  SI4  80;  —  Beckwftb.  48  GO;  —  CalTarr, 
104;— Case  Avenue,  SO;  —  Kiln  Park.  81 ;  —  North  sab^ 
Bch,  81;  —  Wilson  Avenue,  38;  Iadepei>deiice  (sab-sch,  10), 
80:  Milton  aab-ech.  8;  Parma.  tS;  Soutb  New  I^me.  G. 
CnlumAiu— Amanda.  4;  Clrelevllle,  GO:  ColumbusSd  Y.  L. 
MInV  SocV.  IB:  —  Browl  Street.  II  GO:  Oreenfleld  Hen's 
Boc'r.  84  SO;  Orove  City.  1;  Utbopolis,  1  80;  Loudon, 
87aB:HauntSter1lnK.3Ge:Bdoto.B;WealervltleBab-Bcb,T: 
Worthlngton.4.  Sav'oH-Onllinsville  780:  Barton  SdSttwl, 
4GS:— Park  Y.P.8.O.E.. GIB;  — WayneAvenueT.P.&C. 
E..4S8iNe«CarilBle,BiOirord,a;8omervilla.S.  Huron— 
Chicago.  4;  Clyde,  8  SO:  Elmore,  4:  FraoKHit,  Sa;OeiK)a, 


]t  (Hb«ch.  t),  8;  Weatwood.  1>  71 
iridi  Bti-acJi.  I;  WvomlDB  eab-ecb.  7G.  "' 
aCk  f  11:.  (3en-Jaud_Is£  {Hlsa  Plon 


878;  O 


r.  19X1; 


De1pb0B(L.H.  8.,  IS).  18:  Falr«lew9;  Flndlay  lit  (thank 
oITk,  38  IS),  S9  IB:  TJma  Main  Street  W.  M.  8..  IB;  Middle- 
point,  B  90:  OtUwa,»;    Rookford,?;   Sidney.  17  10;   8t 


80 


Home  Missions. 


[My, 


Mary's  (Willing  Workers,  10),  26;  Van  Wert,  88  46;  Wapa- 
koneta,  85  60.  Hofcontno— Canfield.  6;  Canton,  71  66; 
East  Palestine.  11 ;  Leetonia,  10;  Masillon  Sd,  Mrs.  Nahum 
Russell,  80;  NUes,  10;  North  Benton,  17;  Salem,  22;  War- 
ren, 46  60;  Toungstown  Ist,  97  04.  Ifarton— Delaware, 
174;  Delhi,  20  86;  Iberia  (sab-sch,  1),  4  28;  Marion  (sab- 
sch,  80).  68;  Maiysville  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  6  76:  Ostrander, 
Mr.  ana  Mrs.  8.  D.  Dean,  10;  Radnor  and  Thompson.  6. 
JfovmM— Bowling  Qreen  Ist  sab-sch,  20;  Bryan.  21;  Delta, 
10;  Grand  Rapids,  6;  Maumee  (sab-sch,  8),  9  10;  Milton 
Oentre,  10:  Paulding,  2;  Toledo  8d,  14  20;  West  Unity,  5. 
BortmumtK—Qeorgetownji;  Ironton,  88;  Jackson,  9  75; 
Portsmouth  German,  8:  West  Union,  5;  Winchester,  12. 
St.  Cla^rsvtZIe— Bannock,  7:  Be11aire2d,  10;  Bethel  sab-sch, 
15;  Buffalo  (sab-sch,  10  20),  85  20;  Cadiz,  69  70;  New  Athens, 
14;  Pleasant  Valley,  2:  St.  Clairsville,  7;  Short  Creek,  8. 
StetUtenville—AmBteraam  (sab-sch,  2£),  60;  Bethel,  14; 
Bethesda  sab-sch,  18  50;  Bethlehem,  15;  Bloomfleld,  6; 
Buchanan  Chapel,  6:  Cross  Creek,  16;  Deersville  sab-sch, 
10;  Dell  Roy,  8  24;  East  Liverpool  Ist,  16;  East  Spring- 
field, 4  60;  Lima,  6;  New  llagerstown,  5  19;  New  Phila- 
delphia sab-sch,  6;  Oak  Ridge,  8:  Pleasant  Hill,  Miss 
Catharine  A.  Carr,  5:  Richmond  and  sab-sch,  14  01 ;  Ridge, 
8;  SalineviUe,  11;  Scio,  12;  Steubenviile  2d  sab-sch,  80  26; 
—  8d,  12;  Toronto,  14  72;  Waynesburgh,  6.  Womter— 
Ashland,  7  89;  Bethel,  7;  Canal  Fulton,  4;  Congress,  2  00; 
Hopewell,  20;  Jackson,  6  76;  Mansfleld,  51;  Orange,  7; 
Savannah  sab-sch,  12.  Zane«vtI2€— Jefferson,  15;  Keene, 
89;  New  Concord,  add*l,  4;  Norwich,  add'l,  8;  Pataslcala, 
6;  Warsaw,  12;  "M.  C.  O.,"  60.  4,888  66 

Objbgon.— jGSiMt  Oregron— Elnterprise,  1  60;  Pendleton 
1st,  12;  Union  Mission  Band,  9.  Portland— Bethel,  4; 
Clatslop  Plains,  5:  East  Portland  Mizpah  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E., 
8  25;  Portland  Calvary,  201  77;  —  St.  John's,  add'l,  65  cts; 
Springwater,  8;  Tualatin  Plains.  10;  Oregon  City,  1.  Smith 
Otvffon— Bandon,  8;  Jacksonville  H.  M.  Soc'y,  10:  Marsh- 
fleld,  5;  Myrtle  Creek,  16;  Phoenix,  8.  WUliamette-QeT- 
vais,  7;  LaFayette,  11  70:  Newberg,  4;  Salem  ist,  24;  Sin- 
slaw,  6;  Yaquinna  Bay,  86.  879  87 

Pacific— i^enicta— Areata  Ladies,  24  80;  Big  Valley, 
5;  Ck>velo,  10;  Fort  Bragg,  10:  Fulton  sab-sch,  6:  Santa 
Rosa  (sab-sch.  2  85),  88;  Shiloh,  8;  Two  Rocks,  7;  *«  Thank 
Offering,'' 5.  Loa  i4n9^7««— AJhambra,  10;  Anaheim  Y.P.S. 
C.  E. ,  6;  Azusa  (sab-sch,  5).  8;  Ballard,  5;  —  Bethesda  Miss. 
Y.  P.  B.  C.  E.,  2;  Colton,  15;  Cucamonga,  6;  El  Montecito, 
0;  Inglewood,  5;  Los  Alamos,  6;  Los  Angeles  1st,  67  40;  — 
Immanuel.  48  45;  —  Spanish,  24;  —  Welsh  (sab-sch,  1  05), 
6  05;  Los  01ivos,5;  Los  Nietos  Spanish,  2;  Monrovia.  4  66: 
Montlceto  1st  sab-sch,  4  88;  National  City,  12  80;  Palms, 
16;  Pasadena  Calvary,  5;  San  Diego,  52;  San  Gabriel  Span- 
ish, 3;  Santa  Maria,  20  80;  SanU  Paula,  add'l  2 10;  Tustin, 
17  70;  Rev.  F.  D.  Seward,  4.  Oakland— ConconX,  15; 
Danville,  9;  Oakland,  Brooklyn,  171  50;  —  1st.  10;—  Pros- 

Ject  Hill,  15.  Sacramento— Carson  City  ( Y.  P.  8.  C  E., 
;  —  sab-sch,  8),  28;  Colusa,  24;  Dunsmuir,  5;  Elk  Grove, 
6;  Red  Bluff,  12  60:  Sacramento,  14th  Street,  5;  —  West- 
minster, 21 .    San  Francisco— SB,n  Francisco  Central,  8  60 ; 

—  Trinity,  64  80;  —  Westminster,  72  60.  San  Jojw— Cay- 
ucos  Ladies,  7:  HoUister,  6:  Monterey  1st,  10;  San  Jose 
1st.  148;  —  2d  (sab-sch,  IS),  55;  Santo  Cruz.  12;  Shandon, 
10.  Sfocfeton—Columbia,  JeffersonvilleMiss  sch,  9;  Fowler 
sab-sch,  5  60;  Madera,  16;  Oakdale  1st,  7;  Sonora,  16; 
Traver,  8;  Woodbridge  Bethel,  5  15.  1,228  08 

Pennsylvania.— -4«€jy^eny— Allegheny  1st  German,  8; 

—  Bethel  (W.  M.  S.,  5),  12;  —Central  (a member,  10), 
11  10;  —  McCIure  Avenue  (S.  P.  Harbison,  special,  &00;, 
502  60;  Beaver,  65;  Cross  Roads.  5;  Ems  worth 
sab-sch,  12;  Glenshaw  Csab-sch,  12  44),  27  17;  Ho- 
boken  (sab-sch,  6).  14;  Millvale,  19  64;  Rochester,  2  74; 
Sewickly.  406  09:  Sharpsburgh.  19  58;  Springdale  sab- 
sch,  9.  BlairsviUe-  Braddock  sab-sch,  8  25;  Deny,  25  48; 
Ebensburgh  1st,  8  05;  Li vermore  sab-sch.  81  68;  Murrys- 
ville.  89  62;  New  Alezadria  (sab-sch,  6  33),  8  56:  New  Salem, 
add'l,  7  25;  Parnassus  Y.  P.  S.  C  E..  10:  Poke  Run,  68; 
Salem,  8  81;  Turtle  Creek,  4  85;  Union,  4  36:  Unity  sab- 
sch,  7  70.  Bttt/er— Butler.  60:  Concord  sab-sch,  6  11; 
Fairvlew,  6;  Grove  City  (sab-sch,  43  60),  156  16;  Jefferson 
Centre,  5;  Martinsburgh,  6:  Petrolia,  2.  CaWtsJe— Bloom- 
field  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E..  1  88:  Brickerville,  Jas.  Coleman  Mem'l 
sab-sch.  22;  Chambersburgh  Central  (Chapel  sab-sch, 
Z  82),  17  68;  —  Falling  Spring,  200;  Duncannon  (sab-sch, 
8).  87  28;  Fayetteville,  8;  Gettysburgh.  David  E.  Houck, 
1.000;  Green  CSastle,  80;  Green  HilH  2  60:  Harrisburgh 
Elder  Street,  2; — Market  Square,  58  86 ;  —  Olivet,  8; — Pine 
Street,  69  97;  Lebanon  4th  St.,  180  80:  Mechanicsburgh 
Y.  P.  B.C.  E.,7  90;  Mercersburgh.  add'l,  10:  Steelton  1st, 

2  60;  Waynesboro  (sab-sch.  8),  27  98.  Cfce«fcr— Charles- 
town,  2:  Chester  1st,  15;  Fogg's  Manor  sab-sch,  15:  Forks 
of  Brandywine  Y.  P.  M.  Meetings,  19;  Media,  2  50;  Mid- 
dletown,  7;  New  London,  40:  Pennington  sab-sch.  6  06; 
Penningtonville,  23:  Phoenix ville,  12  18;  Upper  Octorara, 

3  88;  West  Chester  8d,  2:  West  Grove.  5  65.  Clarion— 
Edenburg,  10;  Johnsonburg,  1  87;  Leatherwood,  7;    Mill 


Creek.  19  60;  New  Bethlehem,  10;  Richardsvil]e,2;  Sugar 
Hill,  8  81;   Wilcox,  2  28.     iCHe- Bradford  1st  sab-sch, 
26  60;  Cochranton,  5  60;  Erie  1st.  80;  —  Park,  200;  Fair- 
view,   6;  Georgetown,   2;   Girard  (Miles  Giove  Branch, 
6  25),  22  16;  Hadley,  2;  Mercer  1st,  80:  MilltdgevUle.  4; 
New  Lebanon,  2;    North  East,  185;    Tiedoute  sab-sch 
Miss.  Band,  18  23;   Waterloo,  8.     J9iinftnodon~Alezan- 
dria  sahsch,  20;    Altoona  2d,    168:  —  Sd.  96  56;   Bald 
Eagle,  10;  Bedford  (sab-sch,  8),  85  20;  Bellefonte,  Hon. 
Jas  A.  Beaver,  30:  Birmingham.  84;  Ooalport,6;  C^urwens- 
ville  sab-sch,  6;  East  Kishacoquillas,  61;  Irvona,  5;  Ky* 
lerton,   8  60;   Lewistown,  5;   Lost  Creek  sab-sch,  9  47; 
Mann's  Choice,  2;  Milesburgh,  6:  Monisdale,  8;  Moshan- 
non  and  Snow  Shoe,  1 ;  Peru,  5:  Pine  Grove  Mills  sab-sch, 
8  19;  Robertsdale.  1;  Shellsbureh,  6;  Shirleysburgh.  1«i; 
Spruce   Creek,  39  25;  Upper  Tuscarora  (sab  sch,  4  8«), 
19  27;  Winterbum,  9  50.    ^iffannttiy— Atwood,  2:  Bethel 
(sab-sch,  8),  9;  Bethesda,  7;  Centre,  2;  Currie's  Run,   10; 
East  Union,  2  26;   Giigal,  14:  Harmony,  20;  Indiana  1st 
sab-sch,  60;  Leechburgh   (sab-sch,   10),   82:  Mkiway.   2; 
Mount  Pleasant,  7;  Rockbridge,  12;    Saltsburgh,   87  79; 
Union,   4;  Washington  sab-sch,   4;  West  Lebanon,   10. 
iLac/ratt-anna— Bennett  (sab>sch,  4),  6;  Bernice,  6;  Brook- 
lyn, 5;  Canton,  20  91;  Monroeton,  4;  Montrose  (sab-sch, 
85),  65:  Olyphant,  7;  Orwell  1st,  1  60;  Pittston  Ist  (sab- 
sch,  18  25)  130  16;  Rush  ville,  5:  Scott.  4;  Scranton  Provi- 
dence, 12  61;  Stevensvilie,  3;  Wilkes  Barre  1st,  20  69;  — 
Westminster  (sab-sch,  22  01),  29  01 ;  Wyalusiog  1st,  80; 
Wyoming,  13  60.     Le/iip/i— Allentown,  90;    Catasauqua 
(Y.  P.  S.  C.  E..  6  26),  56  85:  Kemdale  L.  A.  Soc'y,  IX; 
Lock  Ridge,  10;   Mahanoy  City  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E..  4  80;  Pen 
Argyle,  8:  Portland  sab-sch,  6;  Reading  Ist  sab-sch,  40; 
Shenandoah,  11;  South  Bethlehem  sab-sch,  10;  Strouds- 
burg  Ist,  6;  Summit  Hill  (sab-sch.  19  80;  —  Jamestown 
sab  sch,  2  78).  32  69;  Weatherly,  80;  White  Haven  (Y.  P. 
S.  C.  E.,5),  17;  Rev.  A.  M.  Lowiy,  10.  Tforihun-berland— 
Bald  Eagle  and  Nittany,  12  83;  Beech  Creek,   4  50;  Briar 
Creek,  6;  Emporium,  1;  Grove  (sal)-sch,  34).  148;   Lewis- 
burgh  (sab-sch,  110),  289  60;    Lycomhig  sab-sch,  88;  Mil- 
ton sab-sch,  20:  Mount  Carmel  1st,  12  61 :   Orangeville 
(sab-sch,  5  45),  18;  Pennsdale,3;  Raven  Creek,  1 ;  Renovo, 
30;  Rohrsburgh,  2:  Shamokin  1st,  15  52;  Trout  Run,   1; 
Washington  sab-sch,  8;  —Allen  wood  sab-sch,  9;  Williams- 
port  1st  (sab  sch.  76).  225;   —  2d,  100  01;   —  8d,  24  01. 
P/ii7ad^2p/ita- Philadelphia  4th,  5:  —  Arch  Street,  378  84; 

—  Bethesada  (sab-sch.  60  88),  116  88;  —  Beacon,  85;  — 
Central,  100  97;  —  Cohockmnk  2d  St.  Miss.,  1  40:  —  Car- 
mel German,  5;  —  Gaston  (sab-sch,  84  27;  —  Y.  P.  S.  C. 
E ,  12  85),  87  12;  —  Greenwich  St.,  15:  —  Mem'l,  76:  — 
North,  24  24;  —  Oxford  sab-sch.  75;  —  Prloceton,  1.178  09; 

—  Susquehanna  Ave.,  25;  —  Tabernacle  Y.  Men's  Ass'n, 
250:  —  Tabor.  96  95:  —  Trinity,  12;  Union,  80;  —  Walnut 
Street,  2,027  88:  —  West  Park,  25:  —  West  Spruce  Street, 
1,052  15:  —  York  Street,  10;  —  Zion  German.  8;  —  Rev.  T. 
J.  Shepherd,  D.D.,  80;  —  Presby'l  Soc'y  Ladies.  6.  Phil 
adelphia  North— Bristol  sab-sch.  22  69:  Conshohocken,  4: 
Doy  lest  own  (sab  sch.  7  50).  52  69:  Edge  Bill  (Carmel.  8; 
Forestville,  6;  Frankford,  35  18;  Germantown2d  sab-sch, 
60:  —  Market  Square  (sab-sch.  26).  192  84;  Lawndale,  8; 
Manayiink,  40;  Mount  Airy  (sab  sch,  7  17),  10  17;  Norris- 
town  Ist  sab-sch,  160  47.  Pittsfmrgh— Amity,  10;  CJan- 
nonsburgh  1st  sab  soh,  11  51;  Charilers.  46  60;  CSialreroi, 
14:  Concord,  4;  Edgewood.  83;  Hazelwood  sab-sch.  6; 
Hebron.  47;  Lebanon.  10:  Middletown.  10;  Monongahela 
City,  117  50;  Mount  CSarmel.  4;  Mount  Washington,  3  43; 
North  Branch.  1  71:  Oakdale  (sab-sch,  10),  18;  Phillips- 
burg.  4  04;  Pittsbui^h  1st  sab-sch,  10:  —  Sd  (sab-sch, 
14  85).  56  02;  —  3d  sab-sch,  67  71 :  —  Bellefleld.  95  87;   — 

—  Covenant,  16  71:  —  East  Liberty  (sab-sch,  146  61), 
3ft9  99;  —  Grace  Memorial,  4;  —  Park  Avenue,  60;  — 
Shady  Side.  87;  —  Riverdale,  6;  Valley.  7.  Redstone— 
Fayette,  1;  Jefferson,  8:  Leisenring.  18  98;  Mount  Pleas- 
ant Reunion,  21  75:  Sewickly  sab-sch,  8:  Sut«rville  (Sab- 
sch  2).  6;  Tent,  8  50.  fihenan^o-Enon  Valley,  28;  Mora- 
via. 7  65;  New  Brighton  Ist,  66  22;  Sharpsville,  4  20; 
Slippery  Rock  sab-sch.  9;  Wampum,  4.  Wariiington— 
Bethlehem,  22;  Claysville,  85;  Cove,  8  67:  C^roes  Creek, 
5  12:  Cross  Roads.  16;  Moundsville,  14  20:  Washington  2d, 
202  35:  West  Union,  3.  Well^tnro—Autrim  sab-sch,  6; 
Elkland  and  Osceola.  60;  Knoxville  (sab-sch.  1 )  8:  Mans- 
fleld. 10:  Wellsbopo,  89  47.  Westminster- Cedar  Grove.  10; 
Chanceford.  10:  Donegal.  9;  Hopewell,  6:  Lancaster  Ist, 
38;  Little  Britain,  15;  Slate  Ridge,  11;  Stewartatown.  19; 
Wrightsville.  12:  York  W^estmlnster.  10.  West  Virginia 
—Grafton.  10:  Morgantown,  23;  Point  Pleasant,  6;  Sugar 
Grove,  5;  Winfleld,  6.  14.696  42 

South  Dakota.— .Aberdeen— Aberdeen.  9  67;  Brit  ton, 
10:  EUendale,  5.  Black  HiUs-Bill  City.  In  part,  4  99; 
Pleasant  Valley,  3;  Whitewood.  16  Centrai  Dakota- 
Artesian.  2  50:  Flandreau  2d.  3  15;  Forestburgh,  8  14; 
Hitchcock.  5:  Madison  Y.  P.  S.  C  E.,  1  48;  Pierre,  5  8«; 
St.  lAwrence.  10:  Volga.  20:  Wessin^ton.  IS  68:  Wolsey, 
10.  DoJto to- Ascension,  10;  Good  Will  (Rev.  M.  N.  Adams, 


1892.] 

S,  John  SUiTeler.  1).  10:  l™, 
— AtaiaDdrlm,  /i  Brfdnewab 
B).  19;  Emery  lnL  Oerniiui.  2 
MK  Parlier  (ubKh  (Wellli 
■ton, »  90:  Turner  Co.  lat  Qi 
White  Lake.  B. 

TBHiIIHCK.-Rirmlivi^ni— AuDlBtOD.  B;  Tbomiw.  in. 
/Tobton— OreeaTlllB.  7b:  Jomaboro.  1  «;  Mount  Belhel. 
H:  Salem.  10.  Kingilm-Clia.tiaBoog&M.t»  76:  —Ptrk 
Plue.  10  90;  Dayton,  10:  Horrloiui.  4  K:  Shermao  Heijrh'a- 
S.     trnJon-KnoiTlUe  4th  (aab-ech  8  t6).  Kt  W:  —  Belle 


Home  Mi3»ion8. 


hKb.  1),4),M; 
t;  Union  Cenln 


late  or  Buffalo  TOKOatilp.  Ptk.  ««7  TO:    Wtn. 

Braden.  dec-    '--     '  "^ ■    -     "-     - 

MaryKpiT.  I 

field, 'n.Y.,; 


)i>Datill>.  Ptk. 

e  or  WaydMburg 
■d,  late  ol  Troj.  N.  Y..add1, 
I.  C.  Wln«or,  late  of  Spring- 


ThwlKK,  Brooklyn, 
.  JelTem,  D  !>.,  Al- 
Phlladelpliia.  Pa..  10: 


C  Fenna."  SS:  Mrs. 
N.  Y.,  BOO:    Rev. 

leghan/,  Pa,  BO;  ■■  _.  ,    , 

John  Wnv.  Jr..  Sewtukler,  Pa.,  100;  Mln  h. 
„ ,^__.,____i  p^g.  p  -     - 

I.  (lalpna. 
ooklyn,  N.    ■ 
ohn  D,  Thor 


way,  N.  Y.,  900:  B,  F,  r  "     "  "       "" 

RsT.  Donald  McLaren. 
-  T.  Lyon,  N.Y,,  BOi 

*  ~i  Angfllee,  Cai.,  i.uw:  aiurxm  zuju 
.  .  t,  N.  Y.,  S53  33:  Marttaret  B,  Mona- 
nan,  N.  Y.,  100:  John  S.  Kennedy,  N.  ¥.,  .80; 
"  In  memory  of  a  Ghrlatian  mother,"  JB;  "  \ 
Friend."  90:  Hra.  Dorothy  R.  Tumey,  Drcle- 
vUle,  0„  100;  Clarence  ThwinR.  H.  D..  Sitka, 
Alaska.  10:  'Unknown  donor,-  1:  E,  H. 
Todd,  FoodduIjiG.  Wig.,  8: -C.S.  P.."30i 
J.  E.  Brandon.  10:  Mr«,  John  L.  Oriiwold, 
Peoria.  III..  100:  Mr«.  (leo.  H.  Mellen.  Spring- 
Deld.  Ohio,  S:  Rev.  H.  A.  Perdval,  Hatnden, 
N.Y..I  K>:HiHjaneL.CaIhcart.Yoric.Pa., 
90:  UIh  L.  a.  Robe  Wheelock.  Ind.  Ter.,  IS: 
"Herald  and  PregbTter"  subecriber.  I  BO; 
Miss  Hollle  Clemenla.  Antonito.  Coki..  10; 
"  J.  B.  H.,"  IB;  Re».  H,  T.  Scholl.  BJ(C  Flala, 

,.  „    «.  .»»    >.^    p.    T.Hal- 

rlend  throueh 
1.000:  ■•J.,"A 


tenaoe  (lab-sch.  X),  lO;  Bault  Ste,  Marie,  II,  Uadinm- 
BuloitClennanaab-Bch.  I  10;  Brodhead.  T:  Fancy  Creel 
4:  JaneeTllle,  SI;  Madlwn  Chrint,  F,  B.  Glddlnn,  iff 
MMdteten  Uerman.  1  GO;  Foynetle  (Y.  P.  g.  C.  K  ,  «  ST 
It  ST:   RlchUiiidCeutTii(Kab-ech,  a).  IS:   Weedsburjih,  1 


Kh.  T;  Oortburs.  10:   Ottawa.!  KS.     Winif- 

Inoo-Depere  (MiMlon  Band.  B,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  3  64).  80  18; 
HanhlWild(Y  P.  B.C.E..  GOei.  tS80;  Omra.  t;  uiCord, 
5  ST:  Rural,  IS;  Waiuau.  B2  50;  Weyauwega,  B;  WIddo- 
ooone,  B  in.  I.oei  S3 

Wooiao'iEiecutlre  Committee  of  Home  Hia- 


it  tranflferrcd  to  New  Y 


.^.jeCfiureh. 
ount  r?f undFd 


al  received  f  ram  Oiurchee. (190.1107  30 


Legacy  ot  Hra.  Hair  R.  Martin,  dec'd.  late  o( 
Ironton.  Ohto.  S.SIO  Si;  Mary  A.  Monahan. 
decU  late  of  New  York  City.  E,ST«  BO:  Mr?. 
Ell*.  W.  Stuart,  decd.laleof  New  York  acy. 
8.000:  Maria  Cleveland,  dec'd,  tale  of  New 
York,  IS  13;  Mary  J.  Beatty,  deed.  taCe  of 
Fliyette  Co.,  Ohio.  1,773  47:  Allan  Rowe,  dec'd. 
lateof  Mason,  Mich.,  199  T&:  PhcBbo  .lewetl, 
dec'd,  late  or  Utica,  N.Y. ,1.000:  Ellia  Smith, 
dec'd.  late  ot  Utic;a.  N.  Y.,  573  TB:  Thomas  C. 
Barclay,  dec'd,  late  ot  Romulus.  V.  Y  . 
1, 8*1  01:  Kn.  I..  H.  Barry,  dec'd,  lat«  oT 
Hillaboni,  O..  SOO:  E.  M.  Horw.  dec'd.  40:  O, 
F.  Davia.  dec'd,  late  of  Omaha.  Neb..  1.031  S3; 
Wm.  Brown,  dec'd.  late  of  Ohio.  SSO:  Mrs.  8. 
J.  HorrlwHi,  deed,  late  ot  Johoatown.  Pa.. 
■  ■■      ^.  Lowrle.  T'     "         -    ~     - 


1,000:   Geo. 

.     .  late  of  Owe«!0.  N.  Y., 

H.  BUrr,  dee'd  late  of  Wlscon- 

Cralji.  dec'd.  late 


1.17*42; _ 

sin,  1,70914:  Mrs.  Roctai.  „ „. 

ofBhlppenabunt,!^.,  BOO;  Robert  Sli 


«.  Robertson. 
r.  Hclndoe.  N. 
■T.  Buffalo,  a. 
tthun.-h.  East 
.  T.  Campbell, 
I  friend,''  »0: 

1."  OSS:  "Y. 
Its.  III.."  a  GO; 

fFieitd!"  IfiT  BeT-Erw'iJ'c Dowel  1,  7  74;  Rev. 
John  E  McOee.  Frederick  Blown,  O  ,  14:  Rev. 
W.  A.  Nilea.  r.D.,  and  wife,  M;  Mrs,  M.  B. 
Dickinson.  3;  MleaM.  T  Dickinson,  9;  Hiea 
H.  A.  Dickinson.  B;  Mr.  Sprague.  a  BO:  Mrs. 
8.  D.Whaley,  Rlverhead,L T,  10;  Rev.  E. 
W  Beebe.Oomanche.  la..  1;  J,  W,  Hallen- 
back.  Wilkes  Barre.  P«.,  SO;  Mrs.  W.  B  Op- 
dyke,  N.  Y-.S.'l:  John  Taylor  Johnston,  New 
York.  BOO;  W.  B.  Carr,  l.Atrobe.  Pa.,  U; 
UlHon  Walton  and  Co..  Clevelanii.  Ohio,  100; 
Wm.  McCoy.  Br,  ladenendence.  Mo..  GO:  Rev. 
Cha*.  I^  Garhart,  BuAalo.  N.  Y..  10;  Win.  H. 
Flndley,  M.  D,  Altoona.  Pa.,  20:  "BPenna," 
G;  Mn.  H.  J.  FlaneKin,  Oslrander,  Ohio,  SSO; 
"A  Friend,"  B  ofi;  "A  friend  of  MIk- 
slons,"  4  99;  J.  Holland.  Bonnem  Ferry. 
Idaho.  7  BO;  J.  A.  Holmes,  Beloit.  Wis.,  10; 
"  X,  Y.."  South  Call."  7B;  Friend  Hollne.  III., 
!;  "a.."Oilhertavllle.  100:  Mrs,  M.  J.  QuIr- 
ley  and  dauehter.  S;  Miss  Barah  E.  Parts.  1; 
Union  sab«ch  Soc'v.  Dunham,  III..  3  3S:  Rev, 
H.  J.  Oaylord.  Cly^e,  Kans..  8;  Mm  Mary  M. 
Oaylonl  Denlson.  Texas.  1;  A  Friend  ot 
Home  Missions  In  Washington  Co.,  iO;  Rev. 
Luke  l>orland,  Hot  Rprinex,  N,  C  ,  9;  "A 
Friend."  St.  Joseph,  Mo.,  9;  Mrs.  R.  B.  Marah. 
West  Carlisle,  Mich..  1  »:  P.  and  M..  Parsip- 
pany.  N.  J..  7;  Thrw!  Frienda  Morristown, 
N.  J„  9  BO;  Miss  M.  Karris.  Philadelphia.  Pa., 
10:  Rev.  A.  W.  McConnell.  Wyoming,  la..  S: 
Martha  J.  Fatten  Palestine.  111..  S;  Interest 
on  John  C.  (Ireen  Fund,  1,SGS  07:  lotereet  <hi 
Permanent  Fund,  X,I71  90:  Interest  on  Per- 
manent Fund  Special.  3  SO;  Interest  on  Lyon 

F^ndilTaW SII.8JI  M 

Total  reeolved  for  Home  Missions.  Hareh.  1893.  333,017  OX 
Total  received  for  Home  Missions  during  Ihe 

year1S0I-'S9 637,019  8S 

Total  recHveil  for  Home  Mlssknis  during  the 

yearl690-'0l r44,»64  B< 

O.  D.  EtToM.  Trramirfr. 
Box  L,  9t*tion  D.  53  Fifth  Avenue,  Hew  York. 


32 


Susientation — New  York  Synodioal  Aid  Fwnd, 


[July, 


RECEIPTS  FOR  SUSTEBTTATION,  MARCH,  1892. 


ATLAnrnc— South  Florida— Eust\s,l;  Kissimmee,  1. 

200 
BALnuoRK.—Baltimore—BaXtimore  let  50:   —  2d.  2  20; 

—  ISth,  8;  —  Westminster,  10  10;  Deer  Creek  Harmony, 
6;  Govanstown  sab-sch,  8;  Granite,  lO  cts;  Mount  Paran. 
10  cts:  New  Windsor,  20  cts.  Wcuhington  Cify— Falls 
Church.  4  65;  Washington  City  New  Yorlc  Avenue,  10. 

89  85 

Catawba.— Catoio&a—Lloyd%  20  cts;  New  Hope,  8  cts. 

0  23 

Colorado.  ~  Boulder  —  Valmont,  2  cts.  Ounniaon^ 
Grand  Junction,  5.  Pue6<o— Antonito,  1;  Canon  City  1st, 
2;  Cinioero,  1:  Costilla,  1;  Durango,  1;  La  Luz,  1;  Pueblo 
1st,  40  cts;  Sliver  CUff,  1.  18  42 

Ilunois— i4{to?v— East  St.  Louis.  8  64:  Hillsboro,  6  18. 
Bloomington— Clinton,  8;  El  Paso.  6;  Rankin.  2  09.  Chi- 
cago—BrookUne,  8  88:  Chicago  Grace,  1;  —  Holland,  8; 
Herscher,  8;  Lakeview  1st,  12  89;  Moreland,  60  cts;  South 
Chicago  Ist,  8.  I^Veeport  —  Cedanrille,  1  90;  Linn  and 
Hebron,  6;  Monticello,  2.  Mattoon—Arooia^  2:  Shelby- 
ville,  15.  0^toi«a— Waterman,  8.  Peoria— Dunlap  Pros- 
pect, 6  50;  Yates  City  1st,  5  25.  Rock  River— Alexis,  7  21; 
Ashton,  1 ;  Centre,  9;  Franklin  Grove,  1 ;  Fulton,  1 ;  Prince- 
ton, 16  70;  Spring  Valley,  1.  Sb/iiiv/er^Elvaston,  4  80. 
^ring/lsid— Decatur,  10;  Pisgah,  1  06;  Unity,  17  cU;  Rev. 
W.  L.  Tarbet  and  wife,  80  cts.  168  22 

Indiana.— /ndianapoItf—Bloomington  Walnut  Street, 
11.  ifttnc{«— Wabash,  1  45.  F(ncenne«— Evansvilie  Grace. 
14  70.  84  15 

Iowa.— Cedar  JSap<d«— Cedar  Rapids  2d,  46  86.  Council 
Bluffs— Bedtord,  12  51:  Clarinda,  27  74;  Council  Bluffs  1st, 
Zi  79;  Creston  1st,  5;  Essex,  8;  Lenox,  1;  Missouri  Valley, 
2;  Norwich,  75  cts;  Shelby,  5;  Yorktown.  1  76.  Dubuque 
— Centretown,  1;  Dubuque  1st,  81;  —  2a,  15;  Dyersvllle 
German,  1;  Hazleton,  1;  independence  1st,  19;  Lansing  1st, 
8.  ^V>rf  Z>odcre— Dana,  4;  Fonda.  2:  Fort  Dodge  1st,  5; 
Grand  Junction,  11  81.  /010a  — Bloomfleld,  1;  Keokuk 
Westminster,  1  58;  Kossuth,  5;  Mediapolis,  2  82;  Middle- 
town,  25  cts;  Montrose,  2;  West  Point,  5.  loufa  City— 
Davenport  Sid,  15  05;  Keota,  8;  Lafayette,  1;  Malcono,  2; 
Muscatine  1st,  18:  Sugar  Creek,  1 ;  Washington,  70  cts;  Wil- 
ton, 7.  Sioux  Ctfy— Lsrrabee,  8  08;  Odebolt,  2;  Sac  City 
1st,  8;  Sanbome,  8.  Waterloo— Qraudy  Centre  (sab-sch, 
4  14),  81:  Owasco,  Mrs.  M.  M.  Gunn.  1.  869  59 

Kansas.— EiiiDorta—Burlinsrton,  5;  Caldwell,  6;  Queue- 
mo.  2  86;  Wichita  West  Side,  1  16.  HigrAIand— Hiawatha, 
9:  Horton  1st,  8;  Washington,  8  71.  Larned— McPherson, 
10;  Spearville,  2.  A«o«^— Chanute,  9  78;  Columbus,  9; 
Humboldt,  1.  Osbonte— Osborne.  2.  Solomon— Dillon,  1 ; 
Ellsworth  1st,  4.  Topeiba— Kansas  City  Western  High- 
lands, 7  68;  Oskaloosa,  1 ;  Topeka  2d,  2.  84  68 

KcNTUCKT.—£&en«xer— Frankfort,  22  40.  LouitviUe— 
Pewee  Valley,  5.  27  40 

MiOHiOAN.—De^rotf— Detroit  Fort  Street,  100  28;  — 
Third  Avenue,  7  8.V  Fa'nf— Flint,  42  44.  Landing- Mason 
1st,  2.  Ifonroe— Erie,  8;  La  Salle,  2.  Saginaw— yiount 
Pleasant,  2.  159  02 

Minnesota.— Du2u£A—Duluth  2d  sab-sch,  8.  Mankato 
-Blue  Earth  City.  4;  St.  James  Westminster,  1.  Red 
River— FwgiM  Falls,  9  cts  St.  PkxuJ— Bloomington  Oak 
Grove,  2  25;  Minneapolis  1st,  10  72;  —  Franklin  Avenue,  1 ; 

—  Highland  Park,  2;  St.  Paul  Central,  2;  —  Knox,  1;  War- 
rendale,  2.  29  06 


Missouri.  —  Kdnta«  City -Kansas  City  Ist,  SI  67; 
—Hill  Memorial,  100;  —  Llnwood,  2  40;  Sedalia 
Broadway,  16;  Sharon,  8  45:  Tipton.  2.  Oaark  ^ 
Eureka  Springs,  2;  Mount  Vernon.  4;  Ozark  Prai- 
rie, 1.  Platre-Gallatin,  1;  Parkville,  11  94.  St.  Louis- 
Bethel  German,  8;  De  Soto,  8;  Emmanuel  Qennan,  1; 
Salem  German,  2;  St.  Louis  1st  German,  5;  —  Glasgow 
Avenue,  1  80;  —  West,  9  45.  101  61 

NBBRASKA.—ffoatmfl'tf-Axtel  sab-sch.  1;  Hastings  1st, 
6  85.  JCear»«y— Grand  Island,  2;  St.  Edwards,  1;  Sumner, 
50  cts.  Nebrnaka  CJ^y- Hebron,  8  29:  Raymond,  2;  Stapie- 
hurRt,  2:  Tamora.  2.  Omo^o— Black  Bird  Hills,  8;  Crate, 
1 ;  Omaha  Westminster,  18  75.  88  SS 

New  Jbrsky.— CorMco— Batanga.  8;  Benita,  2;  Gaboon, 

4.  Jeney  City— Jersey  City  John  Knox,  9:  —  Scotch,  fO: 
Pateraon  1st.  15.  Monmouth— BmA  Bank,  4.  MorrU  and 
Orana'' —  Madison,  75  cts:  Orange  1st,  100.  Newark— 
Newark  Bethany,  2.  JVeu^ton— Belvidere  1st,  28;  Danville. 
2;  Wantage  2d,  1  02.  West  J«rMy— Camden  1st,  10.    190  77 

Nbw  Mexico.— ftto  (?rande— Albuquerque  1st  sab-sch, 
5:  Las  Cruces,  50  cts;  Socorro  1st,  1.  Santa  1^— Mr.  V. 
F.  Romero,  10  cts.  6  60 

North  Dakota.— B/«inareib— Bismarck,  2.  Pembina^ 
Arvilla,  1;  Emerado,  5  50.  8  60 

OREOov.-East  Oret^on- Enterprise,  6  cts:  Grass  VaD^, 
2  f\>rftond— Oregon  City,  1.  IFtUam«tte— Crawfords- 
vlUe,  2;  La  Fayette,  89  cts;  Salem  lit,  8;  Yaquinna  Bay, 

5.  18  44 
Pacific  — Fenicior— Petaluma,  6.    Los  AngeUs—Axas^ 

Spanish,  1 ;  El  Montecito.  2;  Los  Angeles  Spanish.  2;  Mon- 
rovia, 1:  San  Gabriel  Spanish,  1.  Sacramento—  Chico,  8; 
Davisville,  2;  Elk  Grove.  1;  Sacramento  14th  Street,  2  06. 
San  .76m— San  Jose  2d,  5.  80  06 

SoiTTH  Dakota.— Central  Z>aJboto— Pierre,  2.  Southern 
Dakota— Bridgewater,  2;  Canistota,  2;  Parker,  1;  Turner 
Co  1st  German,  4;  White  Lake,  2.  -  18  00 

Tennbssbb.- Birminoham— Thomas,  8.  Unionr— Knox- 
ville  4th,  5:  New  Providence,  5  16;  Rockford,  1.  22  84 

Utah.— CrtoA— Gunnison  Mission,  25  cts;  Salina  Mission, 
25  cts.     Wood  /2iver— Caldwell,  1.  1  60 

Wasrinqton.- Ofympia^Chehalis,  2.  S^polRcme— Ratb- 
drum,  1.  8  00 

Wisconsin.— CAfopeioa— Hudson,  2.  La  Crosae  —  lA 
Crosse  1st  (<ab-8ch,  2  10),  4  58.  Lake  Superior— Iron 
Mountain,  1.  Ifadtmm— Cottage  Grove,  1.  MQwaUkee— 
Alto  Holland,  1;  Milwaukee  Calvary,  26  67;  —  Westmin- 
ster, 8  60;  Ottawa,  7  cts.    TT^nnebago —Florence,  8  07. 

47  94 


Total  received  from  churches $    t,449  65 

mSCBLLANBOtTS. 

Mrs.  M.  J.  Quigley  and  daughter,  1 ;  "Rev.  R. 
M.  H.,''  1 ;  J.  Holland,  Bonner's  Ferry.  Idaho, 
25  cts;  Interest  on  permanent  fund,  48  46. . . .  46  71 

Total  received  for  Sustentation,  March,  1892. .  .$  1,496  86 
Total  received  for  Sustentation  from  April  1, 

1891 2,968  00 

Amount  received  during  same  period  last  year.  8,125  80 

O.  D.  Eaton,  I^'easurer, 
Box  L.  Station  D.  58  Fifth  Avenue,  New  Yort: 


KEOEIFTS  FOR  NETW  YORK  SYNODIGAIj  AID  FUND,  MARCH,  1802. 


Nbw  York.— ^I6any-Albany  2d,  190;  —  4th,  190;  — 
6th,  81;  —  Madison  Avenue.  25;  —  State  Street,  4  75: 
Ballston  Spa  1st,  18  76;  Batchellerville,  10;  Bethlehem,  8; 
Carlisle,  9:  Corinth,  8;  Esperance,  9;  Gloversville  Ist; 
99  10;  —  Kingsboro  Avenue,  85;  Hamilton  Union,  19; 
Jermain  Memorial,  80;  Johnstown,  110;  Menands  Bethany, 
15;  New  Scotland,  85;  Northampton,  10;  Princeton,  80; 
Rockwell  Falls,  8;  Sand  Lake,  12;  Schenectady  Ist,  114  56; 
Stephentown,  11;  West  Gal  way,  2  ^tmo/iam^on^Bing- 
hamton  1st,  66  08;  —  West,  28  50;  McGrawville,  12  80; 
Waverly,  28  53.  Boston— Lonsdale.  6;  Lowell,  2;  Woon- 
socket,  1.  Brooib/yn— Brooklyn  Bethany  (sab-sch,  15), 
17  29;  —  Cumberland  St.,  5;  —  Mount  Olivet,  8;  —  Pros- 
pect Heights,  10;  —  South  8d  Street  sab-sch,  10.  Buf- 
/oio—BuflFalo  1st.  800;  —  Wells  Street,  1;  —  Westminster, 
15  80;  Westfleld  1st,  85.  Cayuga— Auburn  Calvary,  19; 
Cato,  7;  Genoa  2d,  6;  Ithaca  Ist,  181.  C^mp/am— Beek- 
mantown,  2;  Burke,  5;  Keesville  (Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  2;  —  W. 
M.  S.,  8  50),  5  50;  Mooers,  7  50;  Piattsburgh  (sab-sch,  20), 
S9  70.  C^muny— Elmira  Ist,  4;  —  Franklin  Street,  8; 
Horse  Heads,  20.  CoZum6ia— Ancram  Lead  Mines,  10; 
Cairo.  16  55;  OiUkill,  49  88:  Durham  1st.  1  60;  East 
Windham,  5;  Greenville  sab-sch,   4  58;    Windham,  10. 


G'enetfM— Attica,  14  89;  Batavia  1st,  8  64:  Byron.  10. 
Oeneua- Branchport,  5;  Dresden,  14;  Ovid  Ist,  26  SO; 
Seneca,  40;  West  Fayette,  4.  fTudsoit— Amity,  2  20;  Oen- 
treville,  16  cts;  Chester  sab-sch.  2:  Clarkstown  (3erman, 
6;  Congers  1st.  1 ;  Denton.  1 ;  Florida,  16  60;  Good  Will, 
17  cts:  Goshen,  86  48;  Haverstraw  Central,  22;  Hemp- 
stead, 15  cU;  Liberty,  10;  Mlddletown  Ist,  80;  —  ad,  18  81; 
Monticello,  5;  Nyack  German,  4;  Palisades,  7  66;  Ramapo; 
8;  Ridgebury,  4  60:  West  Town  (Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  8),  6. 
Long  /i/ana— Middletown,  7  26:  Sag  Harbor,  26;  Selden, 
1;  Southampton.  82  92;  Yaphank,  6.  IfVOfw— East  Pal- 
myra, 6  56;  Junius,  7;  Palmyra,  1  15:  Sodus,  4  17;  — 
C«*ntre,  5.  iVoMau— Glenwood,  2:  Hempstead  Christ 
Church,  12  50;  Huntington  2d,  16;  Newtown,  25;  Roslyn, 
8  95:  Smithtown  Branch,  18  16;  Springfield,  86.  New 
York—Vew  York  6th  Avenue,  250;  —  Bethany  sab-sch,  2; 

—  Bohemian,  10;  —  French  Evangelical,  6;  —  Harlem, 
84;  —  Mount  Washington,  28  50;  —  Puritans,  4  18;  —  Sea 
and  Land.  80;  —  Tremont  Ist,  5:  —  University  Place,  100; 

—  West  Farms,  2;  —  West  28  Street,  Westmldster,  100. 
Mooaro— HoUey,  28  67;  Lewiston.  5;  Lockport  2d  Ward, 
1 .  North  i^t ver— Cornwall  on  Hudson,  1 ;  Freedom  Plains, 
5.    Otsego  -Delhi  1st,  25;  GilbertsviUe  1st,  7  26;  Hobart, 


1892.] 


Home  MissioTis, 


1   CcntrftI,  I:   Brigtaton. 

..... ,_.., Ille,  6;  OroieUnd.    »  M; 

OgAsu  Ontre,  IS  clFt  PllTard,  £:  Roclieiter  Calcorr.  1 :  — 
Caotnl.  100;  —  KmmanueL  I  06;  ~  Memorial,  8;  8p«rt» 
iBt.  M;  Sweden^  1st,  e.  Victor  '-     "      •"     ' 


S  Kh  rarMtorilla,  t  BS:  Fulton,  Mh  Jordaji,  IS:  MarctlJiis. 
T;  Oneida  Lake.  1;  BkaiieMrks,  I  W;  STracoKi  Park  Cen- 
tnl,  IM  SI;  —  WblleUw.  4  BO.  IVov— Hebron.  10:  Jolin- 
■OQTilte.  I  IS:  Hecl>u>lc**ll1e.  i:  SandT  HIU,  W  eta;  Troy 
I«t.  Gl  SB:  V&rreubnrB.  B:  Waterford  let.  14  TE.  Utira 
— AuKiutn.  7;  nion.  S7  IB:  Utile  Falls,  30:  Hartliitburgh. 
a  60:  New  Hartford,  IB  SB:  N.  Y.  Mills,  Waloott  Meni'l, 
O:  Northwood.  3  BO;  Oneida  Cartle,  Onchran  MemoTlaL 
St;  ftoutbTrentoD.  J;  UtlcftBeOiany,  KSa:        ' 


Klaco,  B;  New  Ha*en  lit,  IS:  Peekiklll  tit,  44  79)  BIdk 
SIBK,  CO;  Pouth  Eut.  1 ;  Boutb  East  Centr«.  II  BO;  Slam- 
fold  1st.  64  10;  Yonkers  DayspiiDE,  6;  ~  Wesim luster, 

ta  4*:  Yorktown. » 

Women's  becutlTe  Committee  of  Home  MIs- 
shms 8  00 

Total  received  trom  churches S  4,ll!7  SB 

HUOELLmaOUS. 

'■M.M.,"»;  ■'0.,"OilbertBTfHe,N.Y..  100....  IBS 

Total  r«celv^  for  N.  Y.   Bmodlcal  Aid  Fund 
Harcb,  IBM t  4,4S1  «B 

Total  received  for  N.  Y.  Bynodlcal  Aid  F^nd 
from  April,  J8W IXOTO  B8 

Amount  received  during  same  petiod  last  rear,    IB,1)T0  SI 
O.  D.  Eatom,  Tttararer. 

Box  L,  BtatlOD  D.  U  Fifth  Avenue,  New  York, 


RECEIPTS  FOR  HOME  M I8HIONS.  AFBlIi.  18»2. 


_..DJ— Mscon Washington  AveoueW. M.S., 

>.    SOuUflorldo-Paolalst,  34;  Upula.8  60.  »  Cd 

BlLTIHOBI.  —  Baltimore  —  Annapolis  (sab-ieh.  *8  IB), 
3S  4t;  Baltlmora  Brown  Memorial,  i:  Sparrow's  Point,  6; 
Waveriy,  10.  New  CmWe— Drawjer's, «;  Federalihurgh 
Kb-Bch,I  U;  Wilmington  Hanover  Street.  41  SB;— West.  10, 
WoMMngtoH  Ci7ir-W»BhlnBton  City  Covenant,  7S,    V.»  17 

CoLOJuno.— ^ouider — VaTmont,  w  cIs.  I>enver — Idabo 
BprlngB,4.    OunniwH-BaKda.  fl.,,_  .       .    _1S.W 


Austin,  BBS;  Clltoa«oS0th 

iiPlcrton  Avenue,  SrT67;  — 

-  ■■  ;Bal>«ch, 


Street,  6;  —  Coveni 

Grace,  6;  Glenwood.  6;    Homewood.  s;    ruuma 
7  »).  17  »;  Will,  I  »     SVMpori— Fl^eport  Id 

Galena  1st  Bat>«ch.   16  17:  Woodstock,  IS.     _ 

Neoga,n.  OtfauD—Rochellelst.  17,  Peoria— Turaiog- 
ton  sab-sch,  8  M;  John  Knoi,  4;  Limestone.  8  TOf  Penria 
lat.10.  RocibRfDer-Mlllenburgh.  7  07,  Srftuiflrr- New 
Salem,  S.  8Brln(MIrI(l-.Jack>onTllle  Ed  Fortuguese.  B; 
MurrajvlUe.B81;Pi«»(ah,  8  80;  Virginia,  18  87.  Hev.  W. 
L.Tartiataodwire,S40,  S««  SO 

TiiDiASA.—bUUanapoHi—3o         "      '      •    -     • 
fwrt-La  Porte  Y.  P.  8,  C,  E  ,1 


KlKau.—niiniH(i— Emporia  td  Welsh,  IS;  Helvem. 
A.  W.  Dole,  10;  Salem  Welsh.  B;  Wlcblta  1st.  S  44.  it'eoiAo 
— Monminitb,  S.  fMniaon— Minneapolis  sab^ch,  10;  Salt- 
nUa.  1  «a    m^«lte— Topeka  Westminster,  10.  fS  S4 

Km itJca I ■— Jfteneser—  Majivtlle  1st.  SD  67;  New  Con- 
ooni  B;  Newport  l(twb.>ch.S.  LouiiviUe—Cnig  Chapel, 
t:  OUvwt.  S:  Sbelbyvllle  Ist,  1«  40;  South  Carrollton.  1, 
TVatuihoafa — Edmoodton,  8  SO.  SI  67 

HlCHrrijkH.-IvrrDft- Detroit  Central  W,  H,  a.  SB;  — 
Oovensnt  sab-sch,  M  tS;  —  MemorlaL  %  S^;  Sovlh  Lyon 
™^  „  w  „--_  .    „,._.    >"—>-'--■• 'V  OroadSopWs- 


t'lint— Flushing.  IS  SS.  Oran 


ft  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  to  08.    67  SS 


.    Morrii  and  Oronfra— Oraofre 


Grand   HaTen.   18  SO;    Mulr,    I 

Rivera.  17  es.  Lake  Stioerioi — Harqaetle,  I1SS8.  Laming 
"      ■  '  "   10.    Pitoskey— Harbor  Springs  Ist  sab- 
•;   Boyatylst,   rfSB;    Mun- 
IKWSI) 
SOTi— Ifonihifo-Worihlnrton  Weatmlnster,  44. 
T-Bethel.  8  7B:  Knoi.  6.    SI.  Paul— Minneapolis 

-    "t.  Cloud  1st,  Kt  BB;  Shako- 

—  >Yinaiiaist.t8  to.  HISS 

MrasoDIll.— K^nnM«C(*V-CreIghlon.  1;  Holden  Ist  Y. 
P.  a  C.  E.,  ft  Pleasant  Hill,  B.  Omrjk-Falrplay,  8; 
Sprimrfleld  Calvary,  108  76.  PaJmyra—Bevler,  S;  Clarence, 
•  M:  Xirfeaiille,  for  debt.  11  40;  Millard,  S  IS;  Balisbuij, 
B:  Bben^vnie,  It.  PlaKe-Rodge.  D:  Psrkville  lAknlde 
sab-sch.)  SH,  8t.  JLouii-PoplarBlulT,  add'1,4;  St,  Louis 
Washington  and  Compton  Avenue,  IBS.  St7  14 

MinnABii.— HfUHngs^Hlnden,  4.  feomry— Ord,  10. 
ff«6nutoi  Cidp— Falrbury, »].    Wobraro-Hlllerboro  sab- 


1st,  A  Mend,  800;  Faralppany.  S  8B;  South  Orange  Ist  sab- 
sch,  CO;  —  Trinity  Vallsburg  Chapel,  10.  JVeirorfc-Mont- 
clalrlst,  10;  Newark  Calvary,  8  4S;  — Park.£8  71.  Kae 
Aruniicick— Bound  Brn>k,  Steele  legacy,  18  80;  Princeton 
1st,  add'l  10;  ~  Wltheinwon  Street,  1 ;  Trenton  Bethany, 
16.  JVrwton— Delaware  lit,  10;  Marksboro,  B;  Sparta,  8. 
Wttl  Jeney-  Cold  Spring,  B;  Jericho,  60  cts;  Fleaaantvllle, 
1.  4S0t» 

New  You  —  J  tbony— Saratoga  Springs  Id.  16.  Bino- 
AamEon— OweKO,  46.  fioalon— Holyoke  (Y.  P.  8.  C.  E., 
8  SO),  48  SO.  irvotlim— Brooklyn  1st,  In  port,  I.SSO;— Eth 
Oer..  6:  —  Grsce.  6:  —  Greene  Avenue.  17  K:  —  Lafayette 
Avenue  sab-sch  Miss'j  Aseo'n,  ltd;  —  Throop  Avenne,  SS; 
—  Westminster.  50.  Suirolo-Bufralo  Westminster,  BOO; 
Fledonlasab-srh.SX  44;  Portville,  ItS.  Cavvira-Owasco 
«rt»acbMim'yBoc'r,  7  60.  Cfttmunp-Monterey,  E;  New 
Held.  4:  Watklna.  48  01.  ColumAto— Canaan  Centre,  It  48; 
CatskUl.  10  18;  Greenville  sab-sch.  add'l.  1  Oeneiei— 
Alexander,  7;  Ellia.  0;  Wyoming  Isab-sch.  18  70),  IS  6S. 
Oenno— Prnn  Yon  let  iiaF>-sch.  t8  70;  Waterloo  lit,  40. 
Hu<iwn— Goshen,  17B;  Port  Jervie,  80  6B;  Rldgebuir.  t. 
/»no  /iIond-East  Hampton.  14  04;  Moriches.  ttSI; 
Sbelter  Island  (Bah.Bch,  101,  17,  Limni— Huron  Y.  P.  8. 
C.  B.,  8:  Lyons  Soc'y  of  Strivers.  8  IB;  Victory.  8;  Wolcott 
Isl,  4  84;  —  Id,  6.  Mu«u— A  pastor,  S  BO.  Krv  Yar»— 
New  York  Int.  add'l,  ^000;- Chalmers,  3t  «0:-Central  T. 
P.8.C.E..80:-Dnlverelty  Place,  7,S47  70.  North  Kiver— 
Ammia  WllllnE  WoriierB,  II:  Pine  plains  (sab.n:h.  S.  ot 
which  1  Is  for  debt),  tl.  RocAufer -Rochester  Brick  sab- 
arb.BtOI.  «e«A«i— Cohoclon,  IS;  Hornby,  4;  Honwlls- 
vllle.  tS  IB;  PraltiiburKh,  T  BO.  .tvractue— Syracuse  Ipt, 
tt7  «7.  TVov— Malta.  6:  North  Granville.  «5  SS;  Salem 
Y.  P.  R.  C  E  ,  «S  IB;  Troy  8th.  ISO;  Waterford  sab-sch, 
tO:  WhItehaU,  S  41.  Utiea-flt.  Veraon  of  Vernon.  tO; 
Oneida,  SI  S3.  ICenfrSMfT— Patterson,  SO;  Poundrirtge 
sah.Bch.  6:  White  plains.  17  68.  14.)M)  7S 

North  DiKmA.—i^mMna— Devils  I^e  sab-icb,  S; 
Bella,  8.  18 

Ohto.— ^»Aein— Watertown,  10.  BeUe/onfofne-SsD- 
dusky.  BS  80.  CTUHmfAe- Bogota,  fl;  Frankfort.  15: 
Greenfield  1st.  A  Friend.  IHO:  HcArthur.  1  SB:  Memorial, 
t;  North  Fork,  8;  Wsehlnglon  C.  H  add'l,  2S,  Ci^eiti- 
Tuifi— Batavla,  8:  Cincinnati  Stb  sab.Bch,  118;  Norwood 
lnabsch.F),  10.  Ckrfumbui-ColutDbus  Stb  Avenue.  10;  — 
Westminster,  «;  Darby,  t:  Groveport.  t;  Lower  Uberty. 
B  SO  Uouf on— Dayton  Wayne  Ave.,  8.  Limn— Sidney, 
Jr.  Y.  P.  B,  C,  E„  B,  JfnAmUiio-Belolt.  S:  CollBvUfe, 
*  37;  I,awell,  9:  Ulnsrol  Ridge  1st  B.  _  SI.  ClaimilU— 


Riilg-  (Chlldrei 


IBS! 


Bellalre   1st. 


t;  Island  Creek,  8;  Linti 


>;  Har- 


84 


SudentaUon. 


[J^Vf 


StocktoHr-  Clements,  4  60;  Fresno,  90;  Hickman,  10; 
Merced,  12.  406  80 

Pennsylvania.  —  Allegheny  —  Natrona.  14;  Sewickly 
add^  186  84.  BlairsmUe-lAird,  5;  Pine  Run,  18  60; 
Pleasant  Qrove,  22;  Plum  Creek  sab-sch,  16;  Poke  Run 
addn.  11.  ^u^ter— Butler,  6:  Clintonville,  8:  North  Li- 
berty sabsch,  6;  Rehoboth,  2.  Car{M/«— HarrisburKb 
Pine  Street  sab-sch,  150;  Newport.  28:  Upper  Path  Val- 
ley (sab-sch,  8:  —  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E..  8),  89.  Chester— Media, 
sab-Bcb.  2>;  Ridley  Park.  68  50.  Ctorion—Elkton,  5; 
Punzsutawney.  19  30;  Sligo,  8;  Tionesta,  14.  Erie  — 
ConneautTille  (sab-sch,  6  60),  15  60:  Frie  Central,  75; 
Qravel  Run,  5:  TitusvlUe  addM.  6.  Huntingdon— Beulah, 
II:  Duncansvllle,  8;  Gibson  Memorial  (sab-sch,  6),  11; 
McVeytown,  88;  Mapleton,  8:  Newton  Hamilton,  ii:  Or- 
bisonia,  8:  Port  Royal,  27.  Kittanning  —  Cherry  Run,  6 ; 
Clarksburfth  add'l,  6:  Crooked  Creek,  8;  Ebenezer,  80; 
Jacksonville,  18;SaltsburKh  sab-sch,  85:  West  Olade  Run, 
5  89.  LacJi»i4»nna  —  Honesdale  1st  Estate  of  Stephen 
Torrey,  500;  Kingston,  14  04;  Mehoopany  Creek,  8; 
Meshoppen,  8:  Plains.  8:  Rome,  1:  Scranton  Wash- 
burn Street,  85  80:  Shickshinny,  15:  Tunkhannock  sab- 
sch.  18  81:  Uniondale,  8;  West  Pittston  1st,  811  85; 
Wilkes  Barre  1st  sab-sch,  81  45;  —  Memorial, 
189  97.  Lehigh  —  AUentown,  80;  Port  Carbon,  15; 
Pottsvllle  Ist,  40  16;  Readina:  Washingrton  Street, 
10;  South  Bethlehem.  86:  Tamaqiut  (sab-sch,  8), 
5;  Upper  Lehigh,  8  09.  Northumberland—hycommg 
Centre.  4 ;  Shiloh.  2.  PAi/ad«lp^ta— Philadelphia  Cohock- 
sink  sab-sch.  18  50;  —Columbia  Avenue,  6  94;  —  Evangel- 
ical, 11;  —  Grace.  15;  —  North  10th  St.,  10:  —  Tabor  and 
sab  sch,  81;  —  Walnut  Street  sab-sch,  67  94;  —  West 
Spruce  Street  sab-sch,  85.  Philadplphia  Norlh— Dray- 
ton Memorial.  16;  Falls  of  Schuykill,  James  Fraaser.  5; 
Hermon,  50:  Huntingdon  Valley  csab-sch,  45),  69:  Lower 
Merion,  6;  Morrisville.  5  40:  Pottstown  (sab-sch,  7  79), 
34  58.  PtY/«fturf7^— Pittsburgh  8th.  10;  —  Shady  Side. 
68;  Raccoon  (sab-sch.  7),  63  65:  Wilkinsburgh  sab-sch, 
50.  i^tfdsf one— Belle  Vernon,  9:  Greensboro,  5:  Mount 
Pleasant  sab-sch,  88.  Shenango—^eAver  Falls,  20;  Clarks- 
ville,  5  80:  Neshannock,  15  15;  Rich  Hill  (sab-sch,  8).  10; 
SharpsvlIIe,  3  50.  Washington— kWen  Grove.  5;  Eai^t 
Buffalo  sab  sch,  7:  Limestone,  5:  Upper  Buffalo  sab-sch 
(Primary  CHaw,  9  88),  17  81:  Washington  1st  (sah-sch, 
141  49),  884  97;  —  2d  sab-sch.  18  85:  Waynesburgh,  16; 
West  Alexander,  J.  P.  for  Debt,  25;  Wolf  Run,  1.  TTel/s- 
6oro— Farmington,  4  67.  Trc«fmtn*fer— Chestnut  I>»vel. 
10:  Pequea,  10.  8,078  80 

South  Dakota.— ylfterdccn—Brltton  Y .  P.  S.  C.  E.,  18  60. 
Black  HilU—'Sew  Castle,  1.  Southern  Dakotar-\Jn\on 
Co.  1st,  8.  15  60 

TBNNKssBK.—J9b/«ton— Mount  Olivet,  1;  St.  Marks,  8. 

4 

TKXAS.—Atwftn— Coleman.  4  87. 

Utah.— itfbntona— Anaconda,  8  75;  Helena  1st,  87  46. 
C^to/i— American  Fork  (sab-sch,  8  66),  10;  Springvflle.  24. 

70  20 

Washington.— ^io«fca—SltRa,  10  40.  49noJI;ane— Spo- 
kane Ist  sab-sch,  24  86;  —  Centenary,  8.  Walla  Walla— 
Moscow  .sab-sch.  8.  40  75 

Wisconsin.— Cfcippewo— Chippewa  Falls,  4  88.     Madi- 


son—Kilbmime  City,  11  85.  Milfoaukee—BBcine,  49  46; 
Richfield,  8;  West  Granville,  4.  Wtnne6a0o— Appleton 
Memorial,  6;  Fond  du  Lac  (sab-sch,  10),  40;  Oconto  1st 
(sab-sch.  40  09),  107  60;  Oshkoeh,  21  16.  246  94 
Woman*s  Executive  Ck>mmittee  of  Home  Mis- 
sions.     18.793  38 


Total  received  from  churches $84,406  18 


LBOACIKS. 


Legacy  of  Nancy  M.  Losey  dec'd  late  of  Wil- 
loughby,  O,  1,116;  Lewis  F.  Streit  dec'd  late 
of  Poughkeepsie,  N.  Y.,  260 


MISCBLLANKOUS. 


$lt866 


Rev.  E.  J.  Liodsey  and  wife.  Poplar  Oeek 
Agency^  Mont.,  10;  Rev.  Ellas  lUggs,  D.  D., 
Constantinople,  Turkey,  50;  Miss  Helen  M. 
Blanchard,  Umatilla,  Fla.,  5;  John  C.  Wick, 
Youngstown,  C,  500;  Wm.  Bums.  Lansing- 
burgh,  N.  Y..  100;  "  In  memoriam,''  for  debt, 
60;  Rev.  James  G.  Shinn,  Atlantic  C»ty,  N.  J., 
5;  "Friend,''  Ogdensburg special, 75;  Isabella 
S.  Skinner,  New  York,  20:  R.  R.  Rose,  Lime 
Springs,  Iowa,  6;  Robert  Walker  and  Sarah 
Walker,  Easter  off'g,  26;  Rev.  Alex.  Rankin, 
Luzerne,  N.  Y.,  10:  J.  G.  Black,  Dawson,  Pa., 
10;  Rev.  W.  L.  Johnston,  El  Cajon,  CaI.,  80; 
Walter  McQueen,  Schenectady,  N.  Y.,  100; 
James  B  Jermain,  Albany,  N.  Y..  800:  John 
Hope.  Philadelphia,  Pa.,  100;  Mrs.  Paxton, 
Washington.  D.  C,  8;  "A  believer  in  mis- 
sions,'' for  debt  1,000;  Rev.  R.  Arthur.  Lin- 
coln, Kans.,  ••  tithe,"  6  25;  Mrs.  N.  S.  Morri- 
son, La  Porte,  Ind..  Easter  off'g,  20;  **No 
name,"  1,000;  Miss  C.  Emma  Foster,  Burling- 
ton, Iowa.  6:  Rev.  M.  A.  Williams,  Medford, 
Ore.,  for  debt,  10:  Rev.  H.  Keigwin,  Orlando, 
Fla.,  10;  Soc'y  of  Missionary  inquiry  of  the 
Auburn  Theo,  Sem'y.  N.  Y  ,  74  29;  J.  H. 
Edwards.  New  York  Citv,  10;  Soc'y  of  Mis- 
sionary Inquiry,  Lane  Theo*  Sem'y.  Cincin- 
nati, Ohio.  5  90;  *'0.  P.  M.,"  60;  Susannah 
Young,  Geetingsville.  Ind.,  100;  Mrs.  Alex- 
ander M.  Bruen,  Washington,  D.C.,  800;  Rev. 
D.  T.  Camahan,  Banksville,  Pa..  2  60;  Rev. 
R.  B.  Moore,  Vineland,  N.  J.,  6;  Rev.  S.  Mur- 
doch. Oaks  Comers.  N.  Y.,  6;  Mrs.  M.  D. 
Ward,  Afton,  N.  J.,  10;  Judge  F.  A.  Angel- 
lotti.  San  Rafael,  Cal.,  10;  A.  D.  A.  Miller, 
Buffalo,  N.  Y.,  100 44^6  94 


Total  received  for  Home  Missions,  April,  1892.  .$  40,290  07 
Total  received  for  Home  Missions,  April,  1891 . .    56,148  91 


Box  L,  Station  D. 


O.  D.  Eaton,  Treasurer, 

53  Fifth  Avenue,  New  York 


RECEIPTS  FOR  SC8TEKTATION,  APRllr,  1802. 


Baltimore.— ifoZ^tntore— Baltimore  Brown  Memorial, 
1 ;  Hagerstown,  1 ;  Sparrow's  Point,  2.  New  Ocwttc— New- 
ark, 8;  Wilmington  West.  16.  28  00 

Colorado.— Boiiider—Valmont,  0  08 

Illinois.— Catro—Carbondale  sab-sch,  2;  Fairfield  1st, 
5;  Olney,  3;  Richland,  85  cts.  (?Atca{7o— Qlenwood,  1; 
Homewood,  1;  Chicago  60th  Street,  8.  Ottmoa—Rochelle^ 
7.  Schuyler— Uevr  Salem,  2  10.  Sprinajfleld-yiurr&yvUle, 
18  cts;  Pisgah,  64  cts;  Rev.  W.  L.  Tarbet  and  wife,  40  cts. 

25  67 

Indiana.— Oatc/ordaut/Z«—Romney,  4  68.  Logansport 
—Michigan  City  1st,  6.  White  ITafcr— (College  Comer, 
2.  12  63 

Indian  Tbrritory. — CftoctoM>— Lenox,  2  00 

Iowa.— Da6u4/i««— Jesup.  7  DO.  /ouki— Burlington  1st, 
78  cts:  Winfleld,  1.  louxi  Ci7]^— Montezuma  (sab-sch,  1  64), 
7  01;  Washington,  5.  21  72 

Kansas.— £Jin]9oria— Belle  Plaine,  8;  Mulvane,  2;  Well- 
ington, 8;  Wichita  Perkins,  1.  Zxim«d— Liberal,  1.  Solo- 
mon—SaXina,  sab-sch,  6;  Saltville,  75  cts.  20  75 

Kentucky.— £#otti«?iite— Olivet,  1 ;  Shelbyville  1st,  6.  6  00 

MicHioAN.-Lan^tng— Battle  Creek,  5;  Landing  Frank- 
lin Street,  1.    Ifonroe— Tecumseh,  24  50.  30  50 

Minnesota.— S^  RiuZ— Minneapolis  Stewart  Memorial 
sab-sch,  2;  St.  Cloud  1st,  75  cts  2  75 

MwsoiTRi.— ICoruwM  City— Sed&Wa  Broadway.  2.  Ozark 
-Carthage  Ist,  12  75.    Pla(myra— Unionville,  11.        26  75 


Nebraska. — Hastings— HoMrege,  8  60.  Keam ey—  Ord 
1:  St.  Paul,  1.  Nebraska  C<(y— Tecumseh  sab-sch,  5; 
York  1st,  14.  24  50 

New  JEESBY.—Elixabeth—'LihertY  Comer.  1 ;  Westfield, 
15  85.    iVetoarA;— Newark  Calvary,  28  cts.  'JV^eto/on- Dela- 
ware, 6.  22  63 
Pacific— J9enecta—Vallejo,  5  OO 
Tennessee.— ffoZs^on— St.  Marks,  1  oo 
Washington.  —  Olympia  —  Vancouver  1st,    1.    Puget 
Sound— Sumner,  3.                                                          4  oO 
Wisconsin.— fTinne&a^o-Marinette  Pioneer,          10  00 


Total  from  churches f      248  03 


LKGACIBS. 


Legacy  of  Miss  Phnebe  Crane,  dec'd,  late  of 
Morris  Co.,  N.  J.  (with  interest) 2,115  00 


Total  received  for  Sustentation,  April,  1892 . . . .$    2,858  OR 
Total  received  for  Sustentation,  April,  1891 316  77 


Box  L,  Station  D. 


O.  D.  Eaton.  Treasurer, 

53  Fifth  Avenue,  New  York. 


1892.] 


Special  OynlribviUms — N.  Y,  Synodical  Aid  Fwnd. 


85 


SPE:GIAIj  OONTRIBUTIONS  to  lilQUIDATE  THE  DEBT  OF  1891. 


BALTiMOKB.—^aZh*more— Baltimore  1st,  15  00 

Indiana.— .FV>rf  TTayne— Lima,  8  81 

Missouri.— Poimyro—MQan.  8.     St.  Louis— Bt.  Louis 
Washington  and  Compton  Avenue,  10.  18  00 

New  Jkrssy.— Neirton— Hackettstown,  4  00 

Nkw  York.— i^Tfogfara-Lewiston,  6  00 


MISCELLANBOUa. 

J.  W.  Mason,  Stone  Bank,  Wis.,  6;  Rev.  Wm. 
Inrin,  D.  D.,  60 


65  00 


Total  received  for  the  debt,  March,  1892 $        95  81 

Total  received  for  the  debt  from  July,  1, 1891 . .     11,981  76 


Total  received  from  churches f        40  81       Box  L,  Station  D. 


O.  D.  Eaton.  Treasurer^ 

58  Fifth  Avenue,  New  York. 


RECEIPTS  FOR  NEW  XORI^  SYNODIOAIj  AID  FUND,  APRIL,  1802. 


^UMiny— Albany  8d,  85;  —  West  End,  40:  Saratoga 
Springs  2d,  S88  75.  Binp/iamfon— Owego,  10;  East  Maine, 
2.  £o«ton— Roxbuiy,  5.  ^rooJ:{^— West  New  Brighton 
Calvary,  11  40;  —  Greenpoint,  10;  —  Hopkins  St.  Qer- 
man,  S.  Bu/^cuo— Tonawanda  1st,  12;'.Fredonla,  8.  Cay- 
uga—Genoa  Ist,  28:  Dryden,  13.  CA^mungr—Sugar  HiU, 
5  *iO;  Eimira  Lake  St.,  50.  Qefiesee—EXYa^  6.  (Geneva- 
Naples  Ist,  60cts.  ifmftfofi— Scotchtown,  90;  Port  Jervis, 
10.  ZtOTu/  /«land— Bridgehamton,  80;  Shelter  Island,  7  78. 
I»yofM— Lyons  Ist,  17;  Marian,  3  81.  JVoMoii- Northport 
sab-sch,  5;  Astoria,  5.  New  Forfc— University  Place,  100. 
North  /2»ver— Presbyterial,  78  17.  Of »«^— Cherry  Val- 
ley, 29  09;  Oneonta  1st,  80;  Stamford,  25;  Rochester 
Sparta,  10  02.    St,  Zxiwrence— Carthage,  15;  Gouvemeur 


1st,  65  80.  «9feu6en— Cohocton,  8;  Canisteo,  26  25;  Hom- 
ullsviUe,  10;  Prattsburgh  1st,  7  10.  i^yraciUe— Syracuse 
1st,  llf  83;  Liverpool,  2.  TVoy-Malta,  10;  —  9th,  50; 
Cambridge  sab-sch,  18  88;  Whitehall  Ist,  6  07.  Uticti— 
Glendale,  8;  Westemville,  15;  Lowville,  60;  Uticalst,  180; 
Oneida  Cochran  MemU  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  8  25.  Westchester 
—Hartford  1st.  14 
Total  received  for  N.  Y.  Synodical  Aid  Fund, 

April,  1892 1,216  85 

Total  received  for  N.  Y.  Synodical  Aid  Fund, 

April,1891  1,00888 


Box  L,  Station  D. 


O.  D.  Eaton,  Treasurer, 
68  Fifth  Avenue,  New  York. 


RECEIPTS  FOR  FOREIGN  MISSIONS,  APRIIj,  1892. 


ATULftnc—East  Florida— Qreen  Cove  Springs  sab-sch, 
child  at  W^ei  Hein,  10;  Jacksonville  1st,  48  58;  St.  Augus- 
tine Memorial,  "  R.  L.  P.,'^  5.  iCnoo;— Ebenezer,  5  40; 
Maoon  Washington  Avenue,  1.    Ifc  C<«i tond—Mattoon,  1; 

—  sab-sch,  1 ;  —  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  1.  South  Florida— EuSUb 
Y.  P.  S.  C.  £.,  support  of  W.  B.  Boomer,  18:  Kissimmee, 
17;  TitusviUe,  16  54.  119  52 

Baltimore.— Boi^tfnore— Annapolis  sab-sch,  20;  Balti- 
more Ist,  1,606;  —  2d,  136  60;  —  l^h,  16;  —  Brown  Memo- 
rial, 2;  —  Faith,  27;  —  Madison  Street,  8;  —  Westminster, 

20  78; sab-sch,  40;   Cumberland.  13;   Fallston,  1  25; 

Govanstown,  88  08;  Lonaconing  sab-scn,  for  Tabriz  school, 
30;  Paradise,  5;  Waverly,  10;  —  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  support  of 
W.  J.  Drummond,  80;  Baltimore  Ridgeley  Street,  10; 
Sparrow^s  Point,  5.  New  Castle— J}Ta.wyer%  5;  Elkton, 
57;  Federalsburgh  sab-sch»  1  36;  Georgetown  Westmin- 
ster, 6;  Port  Deposit  sab-sch,  21  27;  Port  Penn  sab-sch, 
10  47;  Hed  Clay  Creek,  16;  Rehoboth  (Md.),  7;  Smyrna. 
3  80;   Wicomico,  45  15;   —  sab-sch,  25;   Wilmington  1st. 

21  83;  —  Hanover  Street.  59  20    Washington  City— Boy d% 

8;   Nei^lsvllle,  27:  Washington  City  Ist,  51  20; Y.  P. 

8.  C.  E.,  10;  —  4th,  11  05; Y.  P.  prayer  meeting,  27  28; 

—  Assembly  sab-sch,  41; Y.  F.  8.  C.  E.,  12  64:   — 

Covenant,  125;  —  North  Youth's  Miss'y  Soc*y,  for  W.  A. 
Carrington,  25.  2,527  86 

Catawba  —CSatotrba— Concord,  5;  Ebenezer,  1;  Lloyd's, 
20cts;  New  Hope,  8  cts.  South  Firginto— Ebenezer,  1. 
yodJbtn-Pittsburgh,  1;  Winston,  1.  9  28 

CcfLoBADO.— Bomder  -Brush,  5  80;  Cheyenne,  12;  liong- 
mont  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  for  Jumna  high  school,  5;  Rawlins, 
1  75;  Valmont,  99  cts.  2>enver— Central  City  sab-sch,  2  25; 

Denver  28d  Avenue,  67  65;  —  sab-sch,  7; 1st  Avenue 

sab  sch,  4  68;  —  North  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  9  02;  —  South,  1  60; 

—  Central  Chinese  sab-sch,  for  Canton,  100;  Golden,  8; 
Wray,  3.  Gunnison— VeitA,  2;  Lake  City,  5;  Salida,  12  69; 
Tabernacle,  12  30.  Pu«62o— Costilla,  8;  Elmoro,  1;  Engle, 
2;  La  Junta,  1  60;  Mesa,  141  90;  Monte  Vista,  80  20;  —  O. 
A  Cramer,  100;  —sab-sch,  4;  Trinidad  1st,  21  85;  Valley 
View,  1.  566  63 

CoLVUBiA.— East  Oregon— Enterprise,  1  66;  Pendleton, 
10.  i\>r/tond— Portland  St.  John's,  14;  Tualitin  Plains,  5. 
Southern  Oregon^QranVB  Puss,  14  36;  —  Y.  P.  S.  C.  £., 
25;  Myrtle  Creek,  5;  Oakland,  4.  Willamette— Aurora,  6; 
Gervais,  5;  Lafayette,  12  87;  Salem,  28;  Woodburn,  10. 

135  87 

Illinois.— ^Iton— Bethel,  5;  Collinsville,  60;  East  St. 
Louis,  11  17;  —  sab  sch,  5  17;  —  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E ,  21  76; 
Greenfield  sab-sch,  2  50;  —  Y.  P  B.  C.  E.,  1  50;  Greenville 
Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  5;  Plainview,  Mrs  A.  R.  Edwards,  son  and 
and  daughter,  12  50;  Troy,  4;  Virden  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  18; 
Waveland,  5  78.  Bloomington  —  Bloomington  2d,  100; 
Danville  sab-sch,  6  21;  Hey  worth,  42;  Lexington,  20; 
Normal  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  27  20:  Philo,  40;  -  sab-sch,  8  50; 
PontiacY.  P.  S.  C.  E.,J5;  Rossville,  19  26;  —  Y.  P.  8.  C. 
E.,  2  60:  Sheldon,  3;  Towanda,  9  70.  Cairo— Bridgeport, 
27  65:  Carbondale,  16:  I>u  Quoin,  26  19;  Flora,  5;  Galum, 
7;  Harrisbiuv.  15  25;  Murphysboro,  5  32;  —  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E., 
7  68;  Nashville  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  support  of  R.  Irwin,  5; 


Olney,  3;  Pisgah,  28  25;  Richland,  2  25;  Sumner,  6;  Union, 
6  60;  Wabash,  20  20.  Chicago -Austin,  46  62;  Bloom,  26; 
Chicago  1st,  572  94;  —  1st  German,  4;  —  2d,  200;  —  3d, 
1,169  29;  —  4th,  817  40;  —  8th,  27;  —  Bethany  Y.  P.  S.  C. 
E.,  4;  —  Covenant,  61  26;  —  Fullerton  Avenue,  282  87;  — 
Holland  Young  People,  8;  —  Scotch,  86;  Deerfleld,  4  50; 
Englewood  Is^  25;  Glenwood,  5;  Homewood,  8;  May  wood, 
15;  Moreland,  1;  Normal  Park,  26;  River  Forest,  1  60; 
South  Evanston  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  9;  Will,  1  66;  Woodlawn 
Park,  109  62.  ^eeport— Belvidere  sab-sch,  18  65;  Cedar- 
ville,  5  18;  Freeport  2d2  7;  Galena  1st  sab-sch.  16;  Linn 
and  Hebron,  5;  Polo  Independent,  10  50;  Rockford  1st  Y. 
P.  S.  C.  E.,  88  57;  Willow  Creek  sab-sch.  18  50.  Mattoon 
— Neoga,  18;  Pana.  1:  ShelbyviUe,  21.  Ottavor—Au  Sable 
Grove,  16  60;  Rochelle,  22;  Sandwich,  15;  Streator  Park, 
20;  Waltham,  18;  —  sab-sch,  8  76;  —  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  1  26; 
Waterman,  38.  Peon'a— Brunswick.  8;  Farmington  sab- 
sch,  8  S6;  Galesburgh,  2  60;  KnoxviUe,  86  45;  Lewistown, 
46  60;  Peoria  1st,  10.  Rock  River— Aahton  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E., 
5;  Coal  Valley  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  6  46;  Dixon,  64  17;  Franklin 
Grove  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  support  of  W.  J.  Drummond,  6; 
Princeton,  84  38;  —  sab-sch,  65  87:  Rock  Island  Broadway, 
111  80.  &;/iuy{er— Appanoose,  18;  Carthage  sab-sch,  5; 
Good  Hope,  2  94;  Hersman.  88:  Liberty,  7;  Monmouth, 
76  55;  Oquawka,  15.  Springfield  —  Murray ville,  5  85; 
Pisgah,  4  42;  Unity,  5  61 ;  Virginia,  12;  —  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E., 
20  52.  4,884  66 

Indiana.- CVato/ordAt^iUe-Beulah  sab-sch,  8;  Craw- 
fordsville  1st,  90;  Lebanon  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  10;  Lexington 
sab-sch,  6  80;  —  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  5  70;  Newtown,  6;  —  sab- 
sch,  6  55;  RockvfUe  60  cts.  Fort  TTaync— Auburn,  1526; 
Bluff  ton,  3;  Ossian  sab-sch,  6;  Warsaw,  9  50;  Waterloo, 
1  25.  indianapoZt«— Greenwood,  2  46;  —  sab-sch,  17  78; 
Elizabethtown,  2  21 ;  Hopewell  sab-sch«  5  93;  Indianapolis 
1st,  209  47;  —  2d,  396  76;  —  East  Washington  Street,  5; 
—  Tabernacle,  261  18.  Logansport—1A\ch\gAn  City,  100; 
Remington,  5;  Valparaiso,  20  66.  Ifuncte— Elwood,  2; 
Hartford  City,  5;  —  sab-sch,  10;  —  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E..  28; 
Jonesboro,  6;  Peru,  86  44.  Neio  Albany— Bedford  Y.  P. 
S.  C.  E.,  5;  Madison  1st,  52;  —  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  15  16;  New 
Albany  8d,  12  15;  Rehoboth,  2.  Vinrennes— Brazil,  80; 
Evansville  Grace,  19  67;  —  Walnut  Strwt  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E., 
20;  Petersburgh  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  7:  Poland,  6;  Princeton, 
22  40;  Vlncennes,  48  70;  —  sab-sch,  8  80;  —  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E., 

13  52.  White  TTafef^Clarksburgh.  14;  Punlapsville,  8; 
Greensburgh,  64  22;  Kingston,  16;  Knightstown,  4;  Rush- 
ville.  82;  Union,  8.  1,664  68 

Indian  TnuirroBT.— C7iicfca«ato— Beaver,5  00.  Choctaw 
—Lenox.  5  66.  IfiMcoi^ee— Muscogee,  17;  Wewoka,  2; 
Econtachka,  10.  89  55 

Iowa.— Cedar  i^op/d^  - Anamosa,  8  50;  C^ar  Rapids 
1st,  194  28;  —2d  sab-sch,  25;  Garrison,  6;  Montlcello,  1; 
Wyoming,  16  60.  Council  Bluffs— Careon,  15;  darlnda, 
40  80;  —  sab-sch,  7  20;  Coming  sabsch,  11;  Creston, 
89  60;  Emerson,  4  95;  Essex,  4;  Guthrie  Centre,  8;  Lenox, 

14  66;  --  sab-sch,  6  40;  Logan.  7  50;  Norwich  For  W.  C 
Dodd,  8;  Shenandoah,  9  40:  Sidney.  9  75;  Wuodblne,  7  80. 
Des  Afotnea— AUerton,  5;  Dallas  Centre,  84; — sab-3ch  9;  Des 


86 


Foreign  MUsiona. 


[July, 


Moines  Central,  200:  —  Highland  Park,  S;  Dexter,  11; 
Oarden  Grove,  14  76;  —  sab-sch,  8  70;  Grimes,  88;  In- 
dianola,  57  S5;  Jacksonville,  1  90;  Des  Moines  Clifton 
Heights,  IS;  Leon,  5;  LeBoj,  4  80;  Mllo,  10;  Newton  T. 
P.  S.  C.  E.,  4;  Rldgedale,  84.    Dubuque— Dubuque  1st,  21; 

—  sab-sch,  16;  ~  8a,  For  J.  C.  Melrose,  10;  —  German, 
10;  Fartov,  2  80;  FrankviUe,  8;  Mount  Hope,  8;  Oelwein, 
2;  OtterviUe,  4^,  Zion,  4.  Fort  Dodge— Coon  Rapids,  6; 
EsthervUle,  18  S5;  Fort  Dodge,  68  10;  —  sab-sch.  28  61; 
Ramsey  German.  1  76;  —  sab4ch,  1  76.  Zoimx— Birming^ 
ham  sab  sch,  7  28;  Burlington  1st,  25  74;  Fairfield  sab- 
sch,  5  40;  Keokuk  Westminster,  88  85;  —  sab-sch,  6  18; 
Kossuth,  1  50;  Middletown,6  60;  Mount  Pleasant  1st  sab- 
sch,  60;  Union,  85  88;  Winfleld,  6.  Iowa  Cify— Brooklyn, 
6;  Davenport  Ist,  170;  Iowa  City,  68;  Keota,  12;  Ijbu- 
Fi^ette,  8;  Sigourney,  2;  Tipton,  15;  What  Cheer,  4. 
^ioux  Ci(y -Battle  Creek,  18;  Ida  Grove,  1;  Odebolt,  80; 
Sac  City,  60;  ->  T.  P.  Soc'y,  2  26;  Schaller,  80  65;  Sioux 
City  2d,  9  15;  Ualon  Township,  4.  ITatertoo— Cedar 
Falls,  18;  Dows,  8;  Salem,  1»;  State  Centre  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E., 
10;  Tranquility,  14;  West  Friesland  German,  10;  —  sab- 
sch,  8.  1.780  04 

Kansas.— iffmjporta— Bethany,  6;  Elmendaro  L.  Aid 
Soc'yL8  25;  Emporia  2d  Welsh.  6;  Madison,  2  04;  Mul- 
vane  W.  M.  S.,  5  66;  New  Salem,  10;  Walnut  VaUey,  10; 
Westminster,  4  76;  Wichita  1st,  54  07;  —  Oak  Street,  10. 
Highland— Frankfort,  7;  Highland,  15;  Marysville,  6  70; 
Washington  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  7  80.  Lar/iedt— Arlington, 
6  89;  —  sab-sch,  2;  ~  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  1  68;  Ashland  sab- 
sch,  6;  Cimarron,  2;  Kent  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  6  25;  Emerson, 

1  55;  Kingman,  6;  Larned  **  Band  Workers.''  8  75;  U- 
beral,  16;  Lyons  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E..  6;  —  sab-sch,  8  10;  Mc- 
McPherson,  22;  Meade  Centre,  11  45;  Medicine  Lodge,  2; 
West  Plains,  1.  iVeo«Ao— Columbus,  41;  Fort  Soott  1st. 
18:  Fredonla,  6  14;  Humboldt  "  Band,''  10;  lola,  7;  Kln- 
cald,  1  90;  Moran,  8  55;  Paola,  52.  8o/omon— Abiline, 
28  48;  Minneapolis  sab-sch  16;  Saltville,  1;  Harmony,  1. 
Tbpeto— Olathe,  4  60;  —  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  8  15;  Riley  Cen- 
tre German,  7;  Topeka  1st,  234  76;  Wakarusa,  10;  West- 
ern Highlands  sab-sch,  1  72.  676  28 

Kehtxjoky  .— Ebenezer—CoviDgton  1st,  387  64;  Mays- 
ville,  26  50;  MurphysviUe,  2;  New  Concord  4;  Newport  1st 
sab-sch,  5:  Paris,  26;  Sharpsburg,  6.  LouiwUle-Onig 
Chapel.  2;  Hopkinsville  Y.  P.  S.  C.  £.,  2  15:  LouIsviUe 
Central,  274  95;  —  Olivet,  8;  —  Covenant,  5;  Penn'a  Run, 
1 :  Pewee  Valley,  5;  Princeton  1st,  20  67:  ShelbyviUe  1st, 
89  57;  South  CarroUton,  1.  TVarM^iixinftx— Columbia,  10; 
Lancaster,  14  66.  795  68 

Michigan.— De^rot7— Detroit  1st,  194  17;  —  8d  Avenue, 
60  62;  —  Central  W.  M.  S.,  25;  —Jefferson  Ave.,  860; 
Memorial,  26  50;  Milford  United,  52;  Plainfleld,  10  25; 
South  Lyon  Young  People,  6;  Stony  Creek,  80; 
Ypsilanti,  86  16.  Flint  —  Cass  City.  4  80;  Flint, 
21  08 ;  Flushing,  12  36 ;  North  Bums,  55  08 ;  Fra- 
zer,  8  67.  Grand  Raptds—Qnxid  Rapids,  Westmin- 
ster Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  18  76;  Montague  sab-sch,  8  58;  Mulr, 
6.  JTotomfluoo— Decatur,  10  16.  Lan^tTiur— Battle  Creek,  8; 

—  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  10;  Brooklyn,  6;  Homer  Y.  P.  8.  O. 
E.,  10;  Oneida,  12.  Monroe  —  Adrian,  82  12;  Cold- 
water  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  5;  Hillsdale,  26;  —  Y.  P.  8.  C. 
E.,  10;  Monroe  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E..  40;  Quincy,  26.  Petoakey— 
Bqyne  City,  1 ;  Boyne  Falls,  1 ;  Cadillac,  37  10.  Saginaw 
—Bay  City  1st  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  7  60;  Ithaca,  7  40;  Tawas, 
11  55;  Taymouth  sab-sch,  1.  1,726  69 

Minnesota.- DuZufA— McNair  Memorial,  2.  Mankato 
— Mankato.  50  44;  Tracy,  12  60;  —  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  7  40; 
Whidom,  12  68.  Red  /ftver— Bethel,  8  25;  Maine,  2;  West- 
em,  12.  St.  i\Mi2— Delano  sab-sch,  8  60;  Dundas,  2  10; 
Forest,  2  10;  Ellm,  1 :  Maple  Plain.  15:  —  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E., 
11;  Merriam  Park  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  25;  Minneapolis  1st, 
171  75;  —  Bethlehem,  1 ;  —  Shiloh,  80:  —  Stewart  Mem'l. 
8;  Red  Wing.  60;  Rockford,  8  76;  St.  Cloud,  24  80;  St.  Paul 
Arlington  Hills,  30;  —  Central,  15  80;  —  Dayton  Avenue, 
102  10;  —  House  of  Hope.  625  35:  Shakopee  sab-sch,  16; 
White  Bear  sab-sch,  2  78;  —  Y.  P.  8.  C,  7  87.  Winona^ 
Chatfleld,  48  10;  LeRoy.  17  72;  —  L.  Mite  Soc'y,  3  75;  — 
Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  6  20;  Winona  1st,  29  10.  1,876  56 

Missouri.— XanMw  C/fy- Clinton  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  11  41; 

Creighton,  1;  Kansas  City  5th,  20  64; sab-sch,  2  28; 

Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.«  5;  —  Hill  Memorial,  4;  Raymore  sab- 
sch,  10  78;  Rich  Hill.  12  80;  Salem,  2:  Sedalia  Central,  Y. 
P.  8.  C.  E,,  10;  Tipton.  2.  Ozark— Ehenexer,  12;  —  sab- 
sch,  7;  Joplin,  87  28;  Mount  Vernon,  8;  Ozark  Prairie,  6; 
Springfield  Calvary,  209  74;  White  Oak,  11  40.  Palmyra 
—Bethel,  8;  Birdseye  Ridge,  14  26;  Clarence,  1:  Enter- 
prise, 2;  Knox  City,  5;  Macon,  6:  Newark,  2;  Pleasant 
Prairie,  8;  Salisbury,  7  90;  ShelbyviUe,  2:  Wilson,.  1. 
Pfaf/e— Hodge.  9;  Mound  rity,  2  60;  Parkville  sab-sch, 

2  60;  —  Lakeside  sab-sch,  96  cts.    St.  Louix—De  Soto,  10; 

—  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  10:  —  Junior  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  10;  St. 

Louis.  2d.  806;  —  sab-sch,  180:  —  1st  German,  2; Y. 

P.  8.  C.  E..  6:  —  2d  German,  Y.  P.  8  C.  E  .  9:  —  Glasgow 
Avenue,  82  89, sab-sch,  25;  —Lafayette  Park  sab-sch. 


2;  —  McCausland  Avenue,  60;  —  Wa8htaifl:ton  and  Oom- 

Ston  Avenue,  3J8;  —  Soulard  Market,  Y.  P.  S.  C.  K, 
B  88.  1,770  61 

NEBRA8KA.—iia«^tn9«— Aurora.  R.  J.  Hall  and  wife,  5; 
Hanover  German,  6;  Hastings  German,  1;  Mindoi,  9; 
Oxford  sab-sch,  2  10.  iCeam«v— Grand  Island.  60;  sab- 
sch,  12  60;  —  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  12  60;  Kearney  Geraian,  5; 
Ord,  8.  Nebraska  Cify-Falrbury,  20;  Falls  City,  8  25; 
Lincoln  2d  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  25;  Nebraska  City  sab-sch,  14; 
•—  Y.  L.  Miss'y  Soc'y,  29  60;  Palmyra,  18  76;  Plattsmouth, 
20  45;  Raymond,  6;  Staplehurst,  8;  Tamora,  2;  York, 
87  87.  iViodrara— Cleveland,  8.  OmoAa— Craig,  21  64; 
Fremont,  24  60;  Lyons.  8  76;  Omaha  1st  Y.  P.  8.  C  E., 
62  80;  —  2d  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  6.  416  72 

Nsw*  Jkrsby.— iZ7{i2;a6«cA— Clarksville,  6;  Clinton  sab- 
sch,  25;  Cranford,  5  28;  —  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  25;  Elizabeth  1st 
German,  10;  —  8d  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  4  50;  —  Madison  Avenue, 
10;  —  Marshall  Street  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  10;  —  Siloam  sab- 
sch,  7;  —  Westminster  sabsch,  118  16;  Lamlngton,  120; 
Liberty  Corner,  10:  Perth  Amboy,  86  26;  Plainfleld  Cres- 
cent Avenue.  ISO  26;  Pluckamin  sab-sch,  26;  Rahway  Ist, 
110;  —  2d,  167  97;  Springfield,  17;  —  sab-sch,  25;  West- 
field,  44  10;  Woodbridge,  18.  Jersey  City—  Carl- 
stadt  German  sab-sch,  10;  Englewood,  88  86;  Ho- 
boken  1st,  7  20;  Jersey  City  Scotch,  40;  Passaic, 
82  67;  —  sab-sch,  8  90;  Rutherford,  500;  West  Hoboken 
1st  sab-sch,  40:  Jdo.  Knox,  20.  Monmouth  —  Asbury 
Park  1st,  21  00;  Beverly,  68  29;  —  sab-sch,  40;  Co- 
lumbus, 12  80;  —  sab-sch,  12;  Farmingdale,  6  02;  sab- 
sch,  5  02;  HIghtstown,  184  98;  —  sab-sch,  65  07;  James- 
burgh,  6^;  Manasquan,  7  85;  Matawan  sab-sch,  8  74; 
Moorestown,  1:  Plattsbura^h,  8;  Point  Pleasant,  8  60;  Red 
Bank,  81;  Tucxerton,  8  22;  Helmetta,  8  26.  Morrie  and 
Orange— Boonton^  281;  —  sab-sch,  65;  —  Y.  P.  8.  C  £.,  9; 
Chester  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  60;  German  Valley,  66;  Hanover, 
100;  Madison  sab-sch,  100;  Morristown  South  Street, 
105  80;  Mt.  Olive,  20;  New  Providence,  8;  New  Vemon, 
129  40;  Orange  1st,  "a friend."  200:  —Brick,  48  96;  — 
Central,  890;  Pleasant  Grove,  86  76;  South  Orange,  82  06; 

—  sab-sch,  75;  Succasunna,  6  52.  Newark— l^ontclaiT  Ist, 
8;  Newark  2d,  1 14  70:  —Calvary,  11  79:  —High  Street,  88  54; 
Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  81  61;  -Park,  136  71;  —  RoseviUe,  826; 

—  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  10  87:  -Wickllffe,  26  08;  —  Woodslde,  84 
70;  Roseland,  10  25;  —  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  5;Fewsmith  Memorial, 
86  56.  New  Brunttwiek—AmweU  1st,  1;  Dayton  sab-sch, 
6  60;  Dutch  Neck,  65;  —  sab-sch,  10:  Lawrence,  84;  Mil- 
ford  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  7;  New  Bronswick  2d,  20;  Pennington, 
62  16;  Princeton  Ist,  15;  —  2d,  25;  —  Wltherspoon  Street, 

1;   Titusvllle,  32  42;   Trenton  Ist,  "C.  S.  G.,"  1,000; 

''  E.  G.  G.,"  200;  —  4th,  50;  —  Prospect  Street,  86;  Beth- 
any, 20  14.  iVeirton— Asbui7,  100;  —  sab-sch,  10  65;  — 
Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  20;  Deckertown.  46  86:  Delaware,  6;  Knowl- 
ton,  7  50;  Marksboro.  7  84;  Newton,  21;  Phillipeburgh 
Westminster  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  5  88;  Sparta,  10;  Stillwater, 
15.    West  Jer««y— Blllingsport,  8;   Bridgeton  1st  Y.  P.  S. 

C.  E.,  8;   —  West,  128  ®; Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  25;   Cape 

Island  sab-sch,  16;  Clayton.  25;  —  sab-sch,  80;  Cold  Spring 
sab-sch,  5;  Deerfleld  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  11  75;  Ehner,  18; 
Gloucester  City,  22;  Jericho.  50  cts;  Millville,  7;  Pleasant- 
ville,  6;  Swedesboro,  7;  Vlneland,  6;  —  sab-sch,  16:  Wood- 
bury, 49  58;  —  sabsch,  89  85.  6,918  60 

•  Nbw  Mexico.— Arizona— Florence.  10;  Tombstone,  1; 
Flagstaff ,  5.  Rio  G'rande  •Albuquerque  1st  sab-sch,  45; 
Las  Cmces  1st,  2  75.  Santa  Fe— Santa  Fe  Y.  P.  8.  C.»E., 
8;  V.  F.  Romero,  8  80.  70  06 
New  York. -^ibany -Albany  4th,  800;  —  6th,  4;  Balls- 
ton  Spa,  28:  —  sab-scn,  16  60;  Hamilton  Union,  21;  Jef- 
ferson, 5;  Kingsboro  Avenue  sab-sch,  20:  New  Scotland, 
20;  Norihampton,  5:  Saratoga  Springs  2d,  64  95;  Schenec- 
tady Ist,  192  58.  Binghamton-OortiaJid,  86  60:  Owego, 
48;  Union,  8.  Boxfon— Boston  1st.  148  18;  East  Boston, 
19  76;  Houlton,  25;  Providence,  20:  South  Framlngham, 
1  88;  Taunton  sab-sch,  1;  Woonsocket,  4  60:  ~  Y.  P.  8.  C. 
E.,  4  50.  Brooklyn— Brooklyn  1st,  76;  —  6tn  German  sab- 
sch, 7;  —  Cumberland  Street,  15;  —  Grace,  6;  —  Hopkins 
Street  German,  10;  —  Lafayette  Avenue,  654; sab- 
sch, 125;  —  Friedenskirche,  5;  —  South  3d  Street,  42  89; 

—  Westminster,  8.  Bu]fa/o— Coraplanter  Mission,  1  66; 
Bulfalo  Ist.  800;  —  Bet'hany,  98  80;  —  Wells  Street,  10; 

—  West  Siae,  5;  Dunkirk,  10  26:  Fredonia  sab-sch,  82  44; 
Jamestown,  2;  Clean  sab-sch,  6  60;  Ripley,  18:  Tonawan- 
da.  66;  —  sab-sch.  54  61 :  —  Mission.  1 ;  Westfleld,  106  60; 
Oldtown,  2  09;  Orchard  Park,  5;  —  sab-sch,  1.  Cayuga— 
Auburn  2d,  45  37;  —  Westminster,  3:  Dryden,  24:  Ithaca 
sab-sch.  48  42;  Weedsport.  81  18.  C^mptoifi— Chazy.  2; 
Saranac  Lake,  10.  Chemung— Big  Flats.  86:  Elmira  Lake 
Street.  68:  —  North  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E ,  26;  Mecklenburgh, 
1  50;  Newfield,  4;  Rock  Stream,  13:  Spencer,  18  26.  Colum<- 
bio— Catskill,  10  18;  Jewett,  40  75;  Valatie,  11  09;  Wind- 
ham Centre  sab-sch,  20.  Geneeee—AttUsA,  12A:  Corfu.  15; 
East  Bethany,  3  09;  East  Pembroke.  10  7.'S:  Elb%  6;  Por- 
tageville,  8  76;  Warsaw,  150 85:  --sab-sch,  4787.  Geneva 
— Bellona,  18;  Geneva  1st,  18  49;  Gorham,  10;   Ovid  Y.  P. 


1892.] 


Foreign  Miamona. 


87 


8.  C.  E.,  58  IS;  Penn  Tan  sab-Bch,  28  70;  Seneca  satvsch, 
8  S5;  Seneca  Falls  sab-sch,  75;  Waterloo,  50.  HtuUonr- 
Amitj  T.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  19  04;  Oentreyflle,  6  28;  Clarkstown 
Gerznan,  6;  Ooshen,  147  73;  Hamptonburgh,  88  7U;  Mid- 
dletown  2d,  88;  —  sab-scb,  100;  Miiford,  88;  Montgomery, 
72;  Nyack  Qerman,  8;  Port  Jeiris,  80  59;  Ramapo,  sup- 
port of  O.  A.  Ford,  50;  Ridgebuiy,  8  24;  West  Town  T.  P. 
S.  C.  E.,  6.    Long  Aland— Bellport,  4:  Bridgehamton,  16; 

—  Y.  P.  a  C.  K,  22  50;  East  Hampton,  46;  Moriches, 
81  78;   Shelter  Island,  16;  —  sab-sch,  9  68;  —  W.  M.  S., 

7  50;  South  Haven,  5;  West  Hampton  sab-sch,  24.  Lyons 
— Fairville,  5;  Huron,  4;  Lyons,  8  15;  Newark  sab-sch, 
28  99;  Palmyra,  17  82;  Wolcott  1st,  9.  ZVoMcm— Astoria, 
18;  Babylon  sab-sch,  12;  —  T.  P.  8.  C.  K,  14  25:  Glen 
Oove.  4;  Glen  Wood,  2;  Hempstead  Christ  Church 
Minneola  sab-sch,  15  50;  Huntington  2d  T.  P.  S.  C.  £.,  28; 

?>ringfleld  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  10;  **  A  pastor,'' 7  50.  New 
orh-Vew  York  1st,  8,000;  —  4th.  8u5  28;  —  1st  Union, 
20;  —  14th  Street  sab-sch,  40;  —  Bohemian,  10;  —  Calvary, 
26;  —  Central  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  60;  —  East  Harlem,  4;  — 

Chalmers,  69  81 ;  —  French  Evangelical,  20; sab-sch, 

88;  —  Harlem  sab«ch,  45;  —  Knox,  9;  —  Madison  Avenue 
sab-sch,  ISO;  —  Madison  Square,  250;  —  Madison  Street 
German,  5;  —  Mount  Washington.  190  70;  —  North,  820  54; 

—  Phillips,  255  64;  —  Sea  and  Land,  20;  —  Universitv 
Place,  2(5;  —  West  End,  support  of  Mr.  Houston,  1,100; 

—  Westminster  West  28d  Street  Boys'  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  5; 
~  Mt.  Tabor,  2.  ^ia^aro— Albion,  58  75;  KnowlesvlUe, 
6  17;  Lockport  1st  sab-sch,  support  of  Miss  Murray,  100; 
Tuscarora  Mission,  4  88.  North  River—Oold  Spring,  20  49; 
Little  Britain  sab-sch,  8;  Milton,  8;  Newburgh  (^vary, 
12  88;  Bondout  sab-sch.  20  74.  OtM^jfo— Buel,  2  50;  Ho- 
bart  sab-sch,  10:  —  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  12;  Oneonta  Y.  P.  8.  C. 
E.,  22  25:  UnadUla  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  10.  l?oc^e«tor— Avon, 
10  68:  —  Central,  2;  Brighton  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E  ,  40;  Chili,  12; 
Dansville,  16  48;  Geneseo  1st  sab-sch,  5  50;  Nunda,  25; 
Rochester  1st,  889  96;  —  Brick,  142  11 ; sab-sch,  62  02; 

—  Calvary,  2;  —Central,  200; sab-sch,  40;  —Em- 
manuel, 4  22; Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  2  94; "a  week  of 

self-denial,"  16  78;  —  Gates,  15  46:  —  Memorial,  80; 

sab-sch,  16;  —  St.  Peter's,  78;  Sparta  1st  sab-sch,  25; 
Wheatland  86.  St.  Laivrence— Carthage,  15;  Dexter,  10; 
Oswegatchle  Ist  sab-sch,  88  84;  —  2d  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  4  90; 
Sack^t's  Harbor  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  10  80;  Watertown  Ist  Y. 
P.  8.  C.  E.,  90;  —  Stone  Street,  52.  Steuben^Addison 
sab-sch,  9  68;  Arkport,  4  86;  Belmont,  6;  Coming,  86  06; 
Cuba  sab-sch,  2  10;  Homellsville.  88;  Painted  Post  sab- 
sch,  20  77;  PuHney,  7  50.  .Sj/ractwe— CamiUus,  10;  Fulton, 
56;  Jordan,  17;  Maroellus  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  16  60;  Syracuse 
1st.  228  18;  —  Park,  122  92:  Whitelaw,  2.  TVov-B'ort 
Edward,  2  50;  Green  Island  Miss.  Band,  6  06;  Malta,  5; 
MechanicsviUe  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  25;  Salem  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E., 
26  75;  Sandy  Hill.  128:  Schaghticoke,  80;  Trov  9th,  150; 
Waterford  sab-sch,  20;  --Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  10;  Whitehall, 
5  74.    CrWco— Clinton,  47  18:    Ilion.  7;   —  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E., 

8  40;  Kirkland,  26:  Little  Falls,  262;  Lowville,  21 ;  Mt. 
Vernon,  20;  New  Hartford,  41  72;  —  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  10; 
Oneida,  88  80;  Cochran  Memorial,  86  06;    Glendale.  2; 

Turin  sab-sch,  1  76;  Utica  1st,  108  99; salary  of  Dr. 

Van  Schoick,  100;  —  Memorial,  193  50;  —  Olivet,  8;  Vernon 
Centre.  4  88.    WesleheMter—Croton  Falls,  7:  Darien,  20  92; 

—  sab-sch,  19  50:  —  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  9  40;  Katonah.  62  50; 
Mt.  KIsoo,  56;  New  Rochelle  2d,  6  84;  —  sab-sch.  6  85; 
Patterson  sab-sch,  20;  -  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  5;  Peekskill  1st. 
28  85;  Poundridge  sab-sch,  70  OP;  Sing  Sing,  62  45:  White 
Plains.  48  77:  Yonkera  Wf^stminster sab-sch,  50;  Yorktown, 
88;  —  sab-sch,  19  88;  —  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  1  62.  20,864  88 

North  Dakota. —Faroo— Fargo  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  8;  La 
Moure,  8;  —  Union  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  8;  Tower  City,  4  66; 
Lisbon  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  4  10.  22  66 

Ohio.— ^^Aerw— BristoL  7;  Cross  Roads,  8  50;  Gallipolis, 
41;  Marietta,  10;  New  Plymouth  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  7;  Pleas- 
ant Grove,  5  60;  Watertown,  5.  BeHe/ountaine—Fonat 
sab-sch,  2;  Sandusky,  72;  Urbana,  25.  Ckillicothe— 
BoumeviUe, 4;  Concord, 5;  Frankfort.  10;  Greenville,  "a 
friend,"  250:  McArthur.  2  66;  New  Market,  2;  North  Fork, 
9;  Washington,  25.  CVncinna^i— Batavia,  5;  Cincinnati 
1st  German,  12;  —  Fairmonnt  German,  8:  —  Mount  Au- 
burn. 802  90;  —  Walnut  Hills  sab-sch,  100; sab-sch 

for  Dr.  Mateer's  Fch,  60;  Glendale,  8;  Harrison,  5;  Hart- 
well  Bab«ch,  20;  I»veland  sab-sch.  57  11 ;  —  Mission  Band, 
84  50:  Norwood,  4;  sab-sch.  4;  Pleasant  Ridge,  11  66; 
Pleasant  Run,  2;  Somerset,  1  67;  —  sab-sch.  8;  Willlams- 
burgh  sab-sch,  2;  Cincinnati  Pilgrim  Chapel,  2;  —  Walnut 
Hills,  Havward  Y.  M.  Soc.  For  Jos.  Garritt,  100.  Cleve- 
Ian<i— Ashtabula  sab-sch,  25;. Cleveland  Ist,  78  99;  — 2d, 
270  50;  —  Case  Avenue,  support  of  J.  N.  Young,  250;  —  — 
Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  100:  —  Miles  Park.  58;  —  Woodland  Avenue 
support  of  D.  L.  Gilford,  250;  Milton  sab-sch,  5;  Rome,  2; 

meveland  Calvan^.  192; sab-sch.  58  75:  —  8rd  Y.  P. 

8.  C.  E..  14  59.  Oo/i«m2m«— Columbus  5th  Avenue,  6;  — 
Broad  St.,  90  88:  — Westminster,  12  84;  Scioto.  1 :  Wester- 
vllle,  4;  —  sab-sch,  7;  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  16.    Dayton— Day- 


ton Park,  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  5  15;  —  Wayne  Avenue  Y.  P.  8. 
C.  £.,  14;  Franklin,  8;  Greenville,  1;  New  Carlisle,  5. 
Hiiron^Norwalk,  52  89.  Ltmo— Delphos  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E., 
14;  Lima  Main  Street,  4;  North  Baltimore,  8;  Ottawa, 
82;  Conway,  12  88;  Van  Wert  sab-sch.  48  81 ;  —  Y.  P.  8.  C 
E.,19  50.  AraAontna->Belolt,  8;  Brookfleld.  4;  Canfleld  10; 
Canton  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  50;  Lowell,  6;  Middle  Sandy,  7  60; 
Mhieral  Ridge,  15;  New  Lisbon,  22  80;  North  Benton,  20; 
Warren:49,  60.  Jifart on- Berlin.  8  20;  Delhi,  25;  Iberia,  6  68; 

—  sab-sch,  8  25;  —  Y.P.  Soc.,  8;  Liberty,  8;  Marvsville  Y.P. 
S.  C.  E.,  26;  Ostrander,  Mrs.  8.  J.  Flanlgan,  2D0;  Radnor 
and  Thompson,  6.  Afat<m«e— Montpelier,  8;  Napoleon, 
12.  Pk>rtoinouf/i— Ironton,  29.  St.  ClainviUe—Baxnei- 
ville  sab-sch,  16  02;  Bellaire  1st,  68:  Buchanan,  2;  Buffalo, 
25;  Cadiz,  56  50;  Kirkwood  sab-nch,  14  60;  Martin's  Ftorry, 
27  24:  New  Castle,  2;  Rock  HiU,  5  40;  SenecaviUe,  &0; 
Wooosfleld,  2.  Sttt6entn'Ue— Amsterdam.  45:  —  sab-sch, 
25;  Bacon  Ridge,  7  70;  Bakersville,  8;  Bethel  sab-sch. 
11;  Bethesda  sab-sch,  18;  Bethlehem,  20:  Carrollton,  16; 
Centre  Unity,  5;  Deersville  sab-sch,  8;  East  Liverpool  2nd, 
Pastor  and  wife,  5;  Feed  Spring  sab  sch,  6  80;  Harlem, 
15;  —sab-sch,  10;  Island  Creek,  5;  Linton  sab-sch,  8  68; 
Pleasant  Hill,  Miss  Carr,  6:  Richmond,  9  87;  —  sab-Fch, 
9  87;  Steubenvllle  8rd,  12:  Toronto  14  28;  Waynesburgh, 
10:  Wellsvllle  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  6  82.  Woottei^Apple  Creek 
sab-sch,  14  16;  Congress,  2  90;  Jackson,  2  66;  Ouvesburg, 
Robt.  Houston,  900;  Wooster  Westminster  sab-sch,  5. 
Zane«viU«— Brownsville,  25;  Fairmonnt,  4;  Jefferson 
sab-sch,  5;  Mt.  Vernon,  84  70;  Newark.  2nd,  86;  Palas- 
kala,  17  5,262  98 

Pacific- B^ntcfo— Colistoga,  6:  St.  Helena,  5;  San 
Rafael,  20;  Vallejo,  15;  *^hanks  offering,"  5.  Loa  Angeles 
— Alhambra,  10;  Anaheim  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  6;  Azusa.  12; 
Burbank,  1  26;  Coronado  Graham  Memorial  sab-sch,  7  40; 
Elsinore,  12;  Grand  View,  12  20;  Los  Angeles  1st,  51  40; 

—  2nd,  5:  —  Immanuel,  27  50;  Monrovia,  4  96;  Montlceto, 
6:  Pasadena,  117;  —  Calvary,  8;  Rivera,  2  55;  San  Diego, 
50;  Santa  Barbara,  126:  —  sab-sch,  IS;  Santa  Monica,  5; 
Tustin,  12  81;  —Boys'  Brigade.  7  50;  Pahns  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E. 
4  88.  /Sacramento— Carson  City,  12;  —sab-sch,  8;  Chico, 
15;  Elko,  8;  MarysviUe,  5;  Sacramento  14th  Street,  12  80. 
San  ^ancf«co— Brooklyn,  86;  —  sab-sch.  10;  San  Fran- 
cisco Calvary,  11  80;  —  Franklin  Street,  1  60:  Golden 
Gate,  8:  —  sab-sch.  6.  San  Jo«e— HoUister,  6;  San  Jose 
2nd,  64  40:  —  sab-sch,  7  77.  Stockton— Fremo,  27  65; 
Travers,  2  50.  825  81 

Pennsylvania  —^UegAeny— Allegheny  1  st  sab-sch,  81 44 ; 

—  1st  German,  27  89;  —  Bethel,  6;  Bellevue  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E., 
10;  Bridgewater  sab-sch,  86;  Cross  Roads,  5;  Evans  City,  6; 

—  sab-sch,  6;  —  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  6;  Fairmonnt  L.  M.  Soc., 
4;  Glenshaw.  28  66;  —  sab  sch,  10  45;  Leetsdale  sab-sch, 
64  73;  Millvale,  18  01;  Natrona.  17;  Plains,  8;  Sewickly, 
91  86;  Sharpsburgh.  20  58;  Springdale,  6;  —  sab-sch,  10. 
B2air«t;ii{«— Armagh,  17:  Blairsvllle,  840:  sab-sch.  186; 
Derry,  40  79;  Irwin.  58  46;  Johnstown  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  16; 
Laird,  5:  Latrobe,  69;  —  sab-sch,  6;  Livermore  sab-sch, 
81  68;  MunysvUle.  41  68;  New  Salem  sab-sch,  15;  —  Y.  P. 
8  C.  E.,  18  75;  Penn,  1;  Pleasant  Grove,  16;  Plum  Creek 
sab-sch.  20;  Poke  Run,  109;  Salem,  16  77;  Turtle  Creek, 
4  88;  Unk>n,  20  10;  McGinnlis,  2;  New  Florence,  10;  Jean- 
nette,  10:  —  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E..  1.     5tt</er— Cllntonville,  10; 

—  sab-sch,  7;  Grove  City,  119  98;  —  sab-sch,  48  60;  flar- 
lansburgh  sab-sch,  7;  Middlesex  sab  sch,  5:  New  Hope.  8; 
North  Washington  sab-sch,  14  15.  CaWi«/e— Bloomfield, 
1;  —  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  8  64;  Carlisle  2d.  20;  Charobersburgh 

Central,  18  87; sab-sch,  18  85;  ^  Falling  Spring,  250; 

sab-sch,  179  19;  Dauphin,  7;  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  18  52; 

Duncannon.  11  09:  sab-sch.  8:  Fayettevllle  8:  Gettvsburgh, 
74  75;   Green  Castle,  85;  Harrlsburgh,  Elder  Street,  2; 

—  Market  Square,  60  21;  —  Olivet.  9;  —  Covenant.  4  12; 
Lower  Path  Valley,  14;  Mechanlcsburgh  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E., 
8  17;  Middletowo,  18  80:  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E..  15:  Upper  Paih 
Valley,  67;  sab-sch.  88  67.  Chester-Bryn  Mawr,  support 
of  Dr.  Wanless  and  Mr.  Fulton,  682  50;  Forks  of  Brandy- 
wine  Young  People,  19;  Christiana.  4:  Media  s^b-ech.  26; 
Ridley  Park,  62  50;  Tougfakenamon,  8  64;  UnionvlUe,  8  01. 
C/arion— Beech  Woods,  Beech  Tree  Union  sab  sch,  20  50; 
Big  Run.  1:  Elkton.  5;  Reynoldsville.  10;  Sligo.  8.  Erie.^ 
Bradford  sab-sch,  15  48:  Conneautville.  10:  —  sab-sch,  5  50; 
Corry,  10;  Erie  Central.  75;  Gravel  Run,  5;  Kerr's  Hill, 
8  90;  sab-sch,  77cts:  Mercer -Ist,  84;  Sugar  Creek,  10;  — 
Memorial,  4  60;  Sunville,  8;  Tideoute  sab-sch.  18  28;  Union 
City,  11;  Westminster,  4.  HuntingcIoTi— Alexandria  sab- 
sch,  20;  Altoona2d.  182;  -  8d,  16;  Bedford.  24  17:  —  sab- 
sch,  4:  Beulah,  12;  Birmingham,  75  60;  Coalport,  8;  Fruit 
Hill,  10:  Gibson  Memorial  sab  sch,  5;  Irvona,  15;  Lost 
Creek  sab-sch,  6  89:  McVeytown,  88:  Mapleton,  7;  New- 
ton Hamilton,  2:  Orbisonia.  8;  Pine  Grove  Mills  sab-sch, 
8  40:  Port  Royal,  27:  Tyrone  sab-sch,  50.  Kittanning-^ 
Appleby  Manor.  10;  Bethesda  7;  Centre.  5;  Cherry  Tree, 
2:  Clarksburgh.  4:  Trooked  Creok,  2;  Currie's  Run.  47; 
East  Union.  2  ;0:  Ebenezpr,  26:  GUsrs'.  4  .V):  Harmony.  20; 
Homer,  6  40;   Jacksonville,  12;  Leechburgh,  60;  —  sab- 


88 


Foreign  lUssUms. 


[July, 


8ch,  10;  Middle  Creek,  8;  Mount  Pleasant,  7;  Rockbridge, 
9U  cts;  Saltaburgh,  68  54;  —  sab-sch,  35;  Washine^ton  eab- 
sch,  4;  West  Qlade  Run,  6  89:  West  Lebanon,  10;  Worth- 
intrton,  1  li.  Ixuikawannct^Brooklyn^  8;  Canton,  85; 
Carbondale,  sup.  of  J.  A.  Fitch,  72;  Columbia  Cross  Roads, 
4  54:  Harmony,  35;  Honesdale,  600;  sab-sch,  17  42;  Kings- 
ton, 69  58:  —Forty  Fort,  sab-sch,  26  19;  Mahoopany,  8; 
Meshoppen,  8;  Newton,  5;  Plains,  4;  Rome,  1:  Scott,  2; 
Scranton  2d  Memorial,  642  84; Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  121  20; 

—  Green  Ridge  Avenue,  100;  —  Providence,  17  70;  —  —  Y. 
P.  8.  C.  E.,  16  18;  —  Hickory  Street  sab-sch..  50;  Shick- 
shinny,  10;  Susquehanna  Ist,  11;  Sylvania,  5  66;  Troy,  sab- 
sch,  20;  Tunkhannock  sab-sch,  18  82;  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  6  58; 
Uoiondale,  3;   West  PitUton,  446  10:   Wilkes  Barre  1st, 

75  58;  sab-sch,  254  61;  —  Grant  St.,  88  50; sab-sch, 

17  38;  —  Memorial,  190  76;  Westminster  sab-sch,  86  01; 
Oiyphant,  7.  Lehigh— AUentoyen.  96;  Allen  Township 
sab^sch,  4  65;  Ashland  sab-sch,  5:  Y.  P.  8.  C.  B.,  2;  Aud- 
enried  sab-sch,  26  84:  Y.  P.  8.  C.  £.,  7;  Catasauqua  1st,  10; 

Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  6  25;  Easton  1st,  61 ; Olivet  sab-sch., 

17  85;  —  2d  sab-ach,  27  87; Mission  sab-sch,  10;  Ho- 

kendauqua  sab-sch  10;  Lock  Ridge,  10:  Mahanoy  City 
sab-sch,  20:  Mauch  Chunk  Y.  P.  8  C.  E.,  10;  —  sab-sch, 
4^  84;  Pen  Argyle  sab  sch,  28;  Port  Carbon,  17;  —  sab-sch, 

20;  Pottsville  1st,  122  OS; sab-sch,  27  62;  Reading, 

Wi^hington  Street,  6;  Shenandoah,  8;  —  sab-sch,  7;  81at- 
Ington  sab-sch,  8;  South  Bethlehem  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,tf  10; 
South  Easton  sab-sch,  20:  Stroudsburs  sab-sch,  9  66;  Sum- 
mit Hill,  10  55;  —  sab-sch,  28  46:  —  Jamestown  sab-sch, 
7  56;  Tamaqua,  2;  —  sab-sch,  8:  Upper  Mount  Bethel  sab- 
sch,  5;  Weatherly  sab-sch,  86;  White  Haven  sab-ach,  10; 
Easton  1st,  Riverside  sab-sch,  15:  Mahanoy  City  Y.  P.  8. 
C.  E..  6  75.  Northumberland— Bloomebvurgh,  76  50;  Chil- 
liaquaque,  4;  Lycoming,  84  49;  —  sab-sch,  20  61;  Milton 
sab-sch,  20,00;  Montgomery,  10  00;  Montoureville,  6  25; 
Pennsdale,  1;  Renovo,  20;  Shamokin  1st,  24  26;  8hiloh,  3; 
Trout  Run,  1 ;  Williamsport  8d,  Y.  P.  6.  C.  E.,  10  82;  — 
Bethany,  5.  PAttode/p^io— Philadelphia  4th,  18  44;  — 
Calvary,  2076  11;  —  Grace,  5;  —  Greenwich  St.,  15;  — 
Southwestern,  9  52;  —  Tabernacle,  880  40:  —  Tabor  Bible 

Class,  70; sab-sch.  21  40; Young  Mens*  Prayer 

Meeting.  51;  —  Union,  28;  —  Westminster,  28  28;  —  West 
Spruce  Street,  150; sab-sch,  60.  Philadelphia  Cen- 
tra/—Philadelphia,  Beacon,  10;  —  Central,  198  98;  —  Co- 

hocksink  sab-sch,  12  15; Second  St.  Mission.  1  70;  — 

North  Broad  Street,  106  44; Y.  P.  8.  C.  E..  21  41 ;  - 

North  Tenth  Street,  10;  —  Northminster,  820;  —  Olivet, 

77  62;  —  Patterson  Memorial  9; Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  11;  — 

Susquehanna  Avenue,  25;  —  Trinity,  20;  —  West  Park, 
80;  —  York  Street,  15.  Philadelphia  JVorf^i— Ashbourne 
Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  28;  Bridesburg,  5;  Falls  of  Schuvlkill,  5; 
Germantown,  Market  Square,  242  70;  Jeffersonville,  Cen- 
tennial sab-sch,  10;  Leverington,  36;  —sab-sch,  26  08;  Lower 
Merion.  tf;  Manayunk,  80;  Mount  Airy  sab-sch,  6  89;  Ne- 
shaminy  of  Warwick  sab-sch,  50;  Norristown  1st,  661  60; 
Rozborough  Y.  P.  8  C.  E  ,  9  11.  Pitt^urgh— Amity,  66; 
Concord,  10;  Crafton.  12;  Lebanon  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  87; 
Mansfield,  44;  Mount  Carmel.  4;  —  Mrs.  McCIure,  11 ;  Mouut 
Oilve,  2  75;  Mount  Pisgah,  10;  Mount  Washington;  4  50; 
Oakdale,  8;  —  sab-sch.  10:  —  Mr.  Michael  and  sister,  27 

Pittsburgh  2d  sab-sch,  14  85;  —  8d,  61 ;  —  6th.  5; Y. 

P.  8.  C.  E..  25;  —7th,  18  68:  —  Duquesne  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E., 

6;  —  East  Liberty.  860; Men's  Christian  League,  54  90; 

sab.  sch,  12  50; Hiland  sab-sch,  167  65;  —  Grace 

Memorial.  2:  —  Park  Avenue,  80: sab-ach,  12;  — 

Shady  Side,  98;  Point  Breeze,  688;  Riverdale,  10;  Sharon, 
1  89;  Swissvale,  69  74;  Valley,  4;  Wilkinson  ssb-sch,  50. 
Red»tone — Belle  Vernon.  58  71;  Dunlap's  Creek  sab-sch, 
2-J;  Greensboro,  8  20;  Jefferson,  2;  Leisenring.  27  03:  Mc- 
Keespori,  17;  —Stewart's  Plan  sab-sch,  6  58;  —  sab-sch, 
10  99;  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  8;  Mount  Pleasant  sab-sch.  28.  She- 
Tianpo— Beaver  Falls,  22;  Enon,  14;  Mount  Pleasant,  45; 

—  sab-ach,  50  50;  —  New  Galilee  sab-sch,  40;  Peters- 
burgh,  6;  Unity  sab-sch,  60.  Waghinglon — Allen  Grove. 
2:  Bethel,  14:  Claysville  2;  Cross  Creek,  support  of 
Rev.  J.  C.  R.  Ewlng,  43  86;  ~  sab-sch,  8  20;  Cross 
Roads,  8;  East  Buffalo  sab  sch,  7;  Forks  of  Wheel- 
ing. 8;  —  sab-sch,  55:  Hookstown,  20;  —  sab-sch, 
17  85;  Limestone,  5  60;  Moundsville,  20;  Mount  Prospect, 

60  75;  Washington  Ist.  108  86: sab-sch,  49  11 ;  —  2d, 

19^  06;  —  —  sab-sch.  88  70;  Wellsburgh,  16;  We»t  Alex- 
ander, 63;  ~amem))er,  25;  Wolf  Run,  1.  WeW«6oro— Knox- 
ville,  1;  —  sab-sch,  1;  Mansfield,  10;  Wellsboro.  80  K7. 
TFe«<wttw«cr— Centre,  42:  sab-sch,  8:  Cbanceford,  26  96; 
Hopewell  8:  Pequea,  8;  Union.  7  68:  York  1st,  Y.P.SC.E. 
82  54:  —  Westminster,  20.  W>»<  Firgtnia— Bethel,  8  50; 
Elizabeth.  8  88;  Grafton,  10;  Hughes  River,  6  10:  Mor- 
gantown,  3?;  Sugar  (Jrove,  8.  16.898  07 

South  Dakota.— ylberde«n—Britton,  7:  —  Y.  P.  8.  C. 
E.,  12  50.  Black  /fiVZs— New  Castle,  1:  Bethel,  2;  Laveme, 
2;  Elk  Creek,  2.  Central  Dakota— Hwron  sab-sch,  26:  St. 
I^wrence,  1  86;  Woonsocket,  5  60.  />(ffeofa— Good  Will 
Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  8  30;  Poplar  Creek  Agency,  11.    Southern 


DaJroto^Bridgewater  Y.  P.  8.  O.  E.,  5;  Parker  sab-sch. 
5;  Sioiix  Falls,  10  71.  98  47 

TENNaBBU.~&o2«tofi— Chuckey  Vale,  1:  Mount  Olivet, 
1;  8t.  Marks,  8;  Salem,  10.    IZnton— Erin,  6;  Knoxvil]e 

Sd.  for  Kores.  82  45;  —  4th,  151  98; sab-sch,  20  48;  — 

Bell  Avenue  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  8.  877  86 

TKXAS.—i4iMftn- Austin  1st,  sab-ach,  26;  —  Y.  P.  8.  C. 
B..  16;  Lampasas,  10;  Milbum,  1;  San  Antonio,  Madison 
SfiuareY.  P.  8.  C.  E..  4  96;  Goldthwaite,  1  50.  North 
TVxaa— Denlson,  25  10.  TVintf y— Baird,  4;  —  Pecon,  1; 
Windham,  1.  88  75 

Utah —Af onf ana— Bozeman,  6c  fund,  115  40:  Butte 
City,  42;  Dillon,  5c  fund,  16  90;  Hamilton,  6c  fund.  26  75; 
Kalispelt,  5c  fund.  6;  Granite,  6c  fund,  15.  C7faA— Ameri- 
can Fork,  787;  —  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  8  88;  Ephraim,  2;  —  sab- 
sch,  8;  Logan.  Brick,  10;  Manti,  8:  —  sab-sch,  8;  Mount 
Pleasant  Y.  P.  8.  C  E.,  4  50;  Springville,  8;  Spanish 
Forks,  1  25:  —  sab-sch,  1  25;  Box  Elder,  6;  Salina  Mission, 
8  26;  Gunnison  Mission.  8  26.  295  80 

Washinoton.- O/ympia- Kalso,  8;  Castle  Rock,  2;  Van- 
couver 1st,  6.  Puget  <Sound— Sumner,  9  86.  Spokane — 
Davenport,  8:  Spokane  Centenary,  8;  —  First  sab-sch. 
24  86.     Wcaia  H^oZ/a— Moscow  sab-sch.  3.  58  21 

Wisconsin.- CA(ppeira— Ashland,  15;  Chippewa  Falls 
sab-sch,  4  88;  Maiden  Rock,  10;  West  Superior,  20.  LaJre 
^Superior- Iron  Mountain.  6:  Ishpeming  pab-scb,  12  84: 
Marquette,  88  82;  Negaunee,  20.  If adtson— Fancy  Creek, 
2:  Hurricane.  2;  Richland  Centre,  9.  JftlioatOree— Alto 
Holland,  6;  Beaver  Dam  1st,  26;  Cambridge,  8;  Milwaukee 
Calvary  sal>-sch.  King's  Sons,  6  25;  —  Immanvel,  148  87; 
—  Westminster,  2  50:  MayvlUe  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E..  1  80;  Racine, 
10  66;  Richfield,  4;  West  Granville,  6;  —  sab-sch,  4.  ITtn- 
ne6a{;o— Buffalo,  18  20;  Depere,  19;  —  sab-sch,  6;  —  Y.  P. 
8.  C.  E.,  22;  Fond  du  Lac,  26:  Marsbfleld,  10  44;  —  sab- 
sch,  8  41 :  —  Y.  P.  8  C.  E.,  5  08;  Neenah,  56  06:  —  sab-sch, 
20;  Oshkosh,  21  16;  Rural,  15:  Wausau,  173  51;  West 
Merrill,  10;  Weyauwega,  8;  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  1. 

woman's  boards. 

Woman's  Board  of  New  York.  18,626  66;  Wo- 
man's Board  of  Southwest,  4,885  88;  Woman's 
Board  of  Philadelphia,  89,628  85;  Woman's 
Board  of  Norih  Pacific,  495  45;  Woman's 
Board  of  Northwest,  24,069  75;  Woman's 
Board  of  Northern  New  York,  6,079  20;  Occi- 
dental Board,  4,256  98 142,885  66 

LBOACIXS. 

Estate  of  Geo.  8.  Camp,  dec'd,  1,172  60;  Estate 
of  Rachel  B.  Craig,  dec'd.  500;  Estate  of 
Robt.  Sloan,  dec'd.  666  70;  Estate  of  Geo.  H. 
Starr,  dec'd,  1,709  18;  Estate  of  William  Bra- 
den,  dec'd,  25;  Estate  of  Mary  Kerr,  dec'd, 
48  69;  Interest  on  Steele  legacy,  18  80;  Estate 
of  A.  A.  Cotes  Winsor,  dec'd,  1,991  24;  Estate 
of  Louis  R.  Street,  dec'd,  250;  Lspsley  estate, 
600;  Estate  of  Emily  T.  Eckert.  dec'd.  10.000; 
Interest  on  El  Montecito  Church  scholarships, 
50 17,032  06 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

Mrs.  R.  M.  Duncan,  Crawford's  Comers,  Pa.,  6; 
*•  A  friend."'6;  M.  R.  Hall,  Elderton,  Pa.,  9; 
Thomas  Nesbit,  Utica,  Pa.,  12:  "A  lady," 
Meadville,  Pa.,  6;  W.  B.  Carr,  Latrobe,  Pa., 
25;  Rev.  J.  N.  Blackford,  10;  Mrs.  8.  C.  Sav- 
age, Philadelphia,  support  of  Mr.  Eckels, 
7t»0;  J.  W.  Hollenback,  Wilkes  Barre.  Pa.,  80; 
Rev.  E.  P.  Dunlap,  10;  Mrs.  8.  B.  Whaley, 
Riverhead,  N.  Y.,  10;  "M.  C.  W.,"  2;  "A 
believer  in  missions,  Pittsburgh,  Pa.,  salaiy 
of  G.  A.  Godduhn.  200;  Miss  Lucy  F.  Ander- 
son, 4;  Julia  F.Cooke,  support  of  J. M.Irwln,26; 
W.  F.  Wilson.  Ironton,  O.,  5:  Rev.  G.  M. Miller, 
Bryan,  O.,  60;  Jno.  Taylor  Johnson, New  York, 
500;  E.  W.  Conner,  Philadelphia,  2;  Mrs.  M. 
J.  Quigley  and  daughter,  Dorchester.  111..  6; 
Miss  Sarah  E.  Parks,  1;  Friend,  5:  Princeton 
Theo.  Sem'y,  support  of  Rev.  Mr.  Taylor,  SCO; 
••X.  Y.,  Southern  California,  76;  Mrs.  R. 
Daniel.  Summerfleld,  O.,  10;  D.  D.  Johnson, 
Romulus,  N  Y.,  5;  Rev.  H.  J.  Gsylord  Clyde, 

*,Kan.,  8;  Mrs.  Mary  M.  Gaylord.  1 ;  "Thank 
offering  "  from  Rev.  and  Mrs.  W.  D.  Wallace. 
Central  College,  C,  26;  Rev.  E.  M.  Ellis  and 
wife,  6  20;  Englisli  speaking  people  of  Poplar 
Agency.  Montana,  15  80;  J.  P.  Mann,  Rock- 
wood.  111.,  8:  For  work  in  Syria,  5;  Family 
mite  box.  140;  Rev.  E.  P.  Robinson,  16;  Rev. 
J.  N.  Wright.  4  81;  R.  W.  Sample,  1;  "B.." 
Penna..  25;  J.  B.  Woods  and  sister,  60;  Rev. 
V.  M.  Khagand  wife,  Moran,  Kan.,  6;  A.  J. 


WromidK,  Neb.,  bu 

w:n.°^2 •— 

Briithain!  Byraciiae.  HTt,,  K:  'New  DDrhara 
Her.  Churcb,  Pluk  Road  »b-Kh.  nipport  of 
a  Korean  boy,  %:  FriuDd  ot  HlnlODB.  U);  B. 
S..  SO:  John  C.  Wtck,  Younntovn,  O.,  MO; 
K»*.  J.  O.  WllnB,  ft:  SludentB  and  rscuU;  nf 
McConnIck  Theo.  Bem'7.  guupoit  of  T.  a. 
Braatwar.US  10;  T.  D.  and  fe^oia  Rolyrts. 
i:  Mrs.  Wllltain  Cobum,  Oirgon,  Mo.,  «: 
Wm,  Burns,  I^nnlnKbiiricb,  N,  Y..  100:  Rev. 
Wdi.  H.  Edvardaand  wUe.  !0;  P.  D.  Cowan, 
N.  Y..  »:    MriL  Helen  H.Blanchard.G:    " 


tte*.  R.  L.  Adanu,N< 


Middle  laUnd.  k.  Y.,  1;  "A  believer  In  XIs- 
«1oDK,  HltsburKh.  F*..  lOOO;  J.  O.  KuRBell.  10; 
V.  U.  Olypbanl,  N.  Y.,  SO;  Rev.  H.  K.  Bush- 
nell,  Bupport  ot  native  prescher,  10;  Bocfetv 
of  HI^OD  Inquiry  of  Lane  Theo.  Sem';.  sup- 
port of  Jot.  OatTvtt.  128;  Mn.  K.  E.  Dlckln- 
■OD.  S;  HIbbK  F.  Ulcklnwin.  S;  HiH  H.  A. 
IHcklnson.  ft:  C.  I<eDDa."  »;  J.  Holland, 
Bonner's  Ferry,  Ida.,  8  M;  Rav.  Luke  Ikir- 
laod.!:  a  friend.  St.  Joeepb.  Xo.,  G:  U.  C. 
Cellar,  Rhea  Springs.  Tenn..  ft:  Mr*.  Kannte 
Mtaw,  Annapolis.  Ohio,  I;  ■CMb,"  ISO;  "a 
friend."  I.OiM:  Wi>eterD  Theo.  Sem.  SaJarv  of 
Arthur  BwinjE,  KO:  Rev.  William  Irvln.  D.  D. 
100;  "Caah,  S.  Y."  1,000;  a  lodv.  WaiihlnK-* 
too.  D.  C.  IB;  Mrs.  L,  Seymour.  Turln.N.  Y,, 
10;  forpurchoHof  wineahop  lot  at  Hama- 
dan.  Penda,  »:  Rev.  R.  Artbur.  ft;  Rev.  T. 


Pentla,  SS:  Rev.  R. 
rtonri:  J-  W.  Bll 


Blllmi 


y.,  8;  Rer.  Joe.  Dickson  and  wifa.  a;  From 
(ieo.  H.  Orohfl.  Phlk.  for  Y.  P.  S.  C.  S...  sal- 
ary of  W.  P.  Chalrant,  ft;  Society  of  Mission- 
ary Inquiry  of  Auburn  Theo.  Sem.,  )SS.«ft; 
Ret.  William  Drummond.  ftO  cts.;  A  friend. 
Minneapolis.  3;  A.  D.  A.  Killer,  Buffalo,  N. 
Y.,  100;  Rei.  William  Campbell  and  wife, 
10;  -A  thank  offering,  10;  Mra.  C.  A.  Bidloek, 
HadisoQ,  Ga..  ID;  Rev.  D.  W.  C.  and  wife. 
Vail,  la.,  support  of  a  native  preacher  In 
China.  00;  Rer.  J.  H.  Edwards.  N.  Y..  10; 
Hn.  M.  Nairn.  Salii,  la..  "throuKh  Chriatlan 
HiBward."  10;  "(rom  a  friend,"  S;  Hisslan- 
■  ry  Fund  of  Wooster  Universlly,  salary  of  H. 
Fornian.  lU;  Rev.  B.  Murdock.  ft;  Hrg.  H,  l> 
Ward,  Afton,  N.  J..  10;  Rev.  W.  L.  Tariiet 
and  wife.  1  aO;  RetiglauB  Contribution  So- 
cLetvPrlnoetonThwi.  Sem,.  lOOgi;  ■■Heirs  of 
D.  6.  Calkins,"  1.000;  BokoLb  Church,  B.  A.. 
9;  Sale  of  Bellevue  Lands,  4M  SB;  T,  H.  P. 
Sailer,  for  building  Sangli  Indus.  Bcboot. 
eat  U;  through  R.  P.  Wilder.  RuppoH  of 
Jno.  Jolly.  IM;  Miss  A.  Mittlebereer.  for 
Brazil,  MO;  from  Mra.  Boomer's  Primary 
ClaSK  CChlll.  S,  A),  for  work  among  children 

In  Africa,  S  3ft:  Miss  A- C- Wing,  «0  H lS,1ft4  «l 

Intercet- Commlnlon,  Field  Receips,  etc tt,WS  AT 

ToUl  R<>ceipts  during  April,  IMIC $tG9,a9e  08 

Total  Receipts  for  flacairyeBr.  Hay  Isl.lSBl  to 
April  sot h,  1  Mil!. Ml  MS  47 

FIELD  SECRETARY'S  ACGODKT, 

Rev.  Thomas  Marshall,  D,D.,  aasumod  his  duties  as 

Field  Secretary,  December  1.  I800,on  the  baslsof  apledge 

of  Hpecial  gifts  almost  nulTlcient  to  meet  his  salary.  I'Yoin 

the  date  of  December  I,  IBOO.  the  account  is  as  follovrs; 

Total  expenditures. Sa,WS  K 

Kecelpts-R,  P.  Lewis.  1000;  W,  8.  Hubbard, 
400;  Point  Breeze  Church.  Pittsburgh.  100; 
Broadway  Churcb.  Rock  Island,  ISO  %;  Cen- 
tral Church,  Rock  Island.  Id:  Fourth  CHiurch, 
Cb'cago.  100;  ?l™t  Church.  Blonmington,  IH; 

SO;  Newtown,  Ind.,  B;  Beiilah,  Ind.,  S;  Sev- 
enth Church,  Indianapolis,  SS 1,043  OS 

Balance  deficit  lo  April  SO,  ISHE trsi  flO 

WiLLriH  D111.M8,  Jr.,  7V«m. 

OS  Pifth  Avenue,  New  Y'orlc  City. 


RECEIPTS  FOB  EIJUOATION.  APRIU  1803. 


Utuldi,-  Vsliuon 


Cbicogo  latGuiinan, -^:  —  mu,  » 
nanl,  ii  «(;  Pullman  1st.  t.  Motlc 
— Bootaelle,  8.  ftoi^a- Prwpoet,  4 
-^^■tlile,  W  «•-.  Ilngsh.  B6  cla. 


rartlile,WM> 

8.  O.  li..  (.""i 
Prlaei- 


t-lndlanapo'is  Memurlal 
HicblKsn  Olty,  1^     VInci 

iKUiAii'T'iLiaiTr.nv.-CliBctau-txBoi. 

Pleasant  Hill,  6.  Jomi-Bi 

aiv-Vuion  Tow 


Iowa.— <  ■f  ifirr  Hartdt  -P 
1  l.t,  3  eoi    WIndeld,  1. 

K«IISAB~A,'mpoH<i~Emporta  let. 
kins.  It.    SvloniM — (.'oDcordla  Is',  IT  t 

Mlo.ie«H--Urlr0f~SoDlh  Lyon 
Orand  Rapids  Mlpslun  V  oud.  V,  JUf 
4.    Ftttikry-  Llmlra,  1.    Sagtaiue  -H 


NkbiusRa  — If ,1/fna*— HssllDgs  Itt  Uerman,  1;  MIn 
dCD,  itO.    M  amn-St.  Paul,  I.  4  f 

Ngw  JsHsav.  -I'd'zoMA— Plalnfleld  Ixt,  M  78  Man 
iHMi<k  — Jaiuasburgh,  10;  Hooreetown.  I.  JH  rrti  irni 
Oras«e— Horrlst"WU  Isl,  to.    A'cwail:  ~lIloolnflel<l  IKI 


"^Naw^i 

tya  -Broo-.^ ,  „ 

Viva— Itliaca  1st,  M  34. 


lb%ai 


York-  New  York  Ut  a. 


— BnmnH 
tiilta  -Homellsvllle.  3.     Troy-  Cambridge, 
■        ■•      -  iJ.17;Fonndri<fg«,4. 

■       "  -"      -ifurt,!*. 


Island, 
id  d  lag!  on.  li. 


■— aartronj,  1'..  .  _. 
i.-Clitmcotlii    Hot 


.gou,  1;  Frankfurt,  14.    an 
tlenjr«L14W;Hartwen._S 


.III  «l 


(aa-OollluBvllle,  2;  itiley  3.  ^urnn  Sandnsky.  I.  S. 
Wafrreiif*  HeailSYlllo,  t:  Bellolre  1st  T;  Senecavllle. 
■      "     "melJIc-Hsoon  Itldge-O;  Island  Cror'-    ■      " 

::warl[2d.t;Z>nesvine3j,  11  u. 

<H.~  IVilliimellt  -WoiHibnm. 

c.-^imlria    HrndoelDO.  Ift.  Ij>tdngt/a -'R\ytn. 


Pmi> 


.-Allf^'i  fliV—All^hen 


ilied' 


<;ity.  3;  Natrons.  4.  fiuCir  -  Cllntcmvllls  ft  BehuUnth, 
llarion  Big  Bun.  1:  Sllso,  a.  Haaliaai-  ■■—--■ 
Iiuncansvllle,  1.  JfUIsnaia;  Cherry  Uu 
Creek,  1.  L-rcliipman  Honesdale  1st,  10  01 ;  i-omuu,  1, 
Plains,  3;  Plymonth,  30;  Rome,  1;  ahlekshinny.  ft;  Tank- 
hanaock.  %  Uolondale.  l;  Wilies  Hairs  1st,  13T:  ~  Me- 
morial WHO.  I>lligll— Tiimsqiiain(sab-8ah.  3).  ft.  Nerlli- 
H.r,«-j..d-Monl«uui*ry,  ft.    nil  idc/pkia-- Philadelphia. 


Ckasifi  a  a— ChBiy,  B  IS.     Cht- 


.iberyr.  1.     ifl 


90 


8abb(Uh-8ohool  Work 


[July, 


ReoelpU  f^m  Ohnrotaet  flrom  April  10th  to  SOth, 
Receipts  from  Bab*80h8  irom  April  lAth  to  SOth, 


5,020  CO 
200 


6,022  60 
Income  Aooonnt 3,342  08 

OIATTTUDB  VUMD. 

6;  6;  10;  1 21  00 

Kei>uided 4  00 


MiaCBLLAKKOnS. 

Bev.  B  B.  Moore,  6;  Bev.  W.  !•.  Tarbet  and 
wife,  00  otfl 


6  00 


ToUl  receipts  ftom  April  16th  to  SOth,  1892  ....       8,896  S2 

Jacob  Wilbov, 

1384  Chestnut  St.,  Phila.,  Pa. 


RECEIPTS  FOR  SABBATH-SCHOOL  WORK,  APRIIi,  1892. 


ATLAHno.-£Mf  f79K4la~JaoksonTille  Northern  sab- 
seh,  12  16.  JDios -Macon  Washington  Avenne,  2.  SotUh 
FlOT  da  -  Eisslmmee,  1;  Upsala,  5.  20  16 

BALTiMOBB.—»a^<mor« -Baltimore  12tb,  8;  —  Abbott 
Memorial,  2;  —  Faith,  6;  Hafferstown,  9;  Sparrow's  Point, 
2.  Jieuf  Castle  •  Forest,  4;  QlaSKow  sab-soh,  15.  Wathing- 
tom  CUy  -Washington  G.ty  Ut,  6  67.  46  67 

(Catawba.  -  Cape  Fear-  (laymount  sab-soh,  0  60 

CoLoBADo. -Boii/der— yalmont,9cts.  Pueblo  Colorado 
Springs.  17  16.  17  26 

CoLUiCBiA.— friiJtemeff^— Laikyette,  1  17;  Woodburn,  8. 
Oregon  Portland  St.  John  s  (sab-sob,  11),  80  21:  Salem, 
7;  Tualitin  Plains.  1 .  42  38 

Ii.i:jNOia.-£toom<n9f<m— Bloomington  2d,  76;  Gllman 
(sab-soh,  8  46),  18  46;  Ueyworth,  11:  Minonk  sab-soh.  7. 
Cairo  Du  Q,uoin^  20;  Gal  am,  2;  Bichland.  1  60.  Ch - 
cago  -  Aostin,  1:  Bloom,  4  79;  Chicago  1st  German,  1;  — 
4tb,  81 19;  —  10th.  6;  —  Fnllerton  Avenue,  1  60;  Glenwood, 
1;  Highland  Park  sab-soh,  26;  Hinsdale,  6;  Homewood,  1; 
Lakeview,  16;  Maywood,  6;  Moreiand,  60  ots  0  tatea— 
Rochelle,  7;  Sandwich,  1;  Waterman,  3.  Peoria  Brim- 
ileld,  1;  Delavan  sat>-sch,  10  21.  Rock  River  -  Norwood, 
2  26.  5cA«yier-Ltberty,  2.  SSprino/to/^/  Jacksonville  2d 
Portumese  sab-soh,  60;  MnrrayviTle,  68  cts;  Pisgah,  94 
cts;  Yirginia  6.  298  16 

luDi AVJL,~IiuUat*apoli»  -Indianapolis 2d, 88  40;  —  East 
Washington  Street.  2  Afunris— £1  wood,  1;  New  Cum- 
berland, 2  New  Albany  Milltown  sab-soh,  8;  Valley 
City  sab-soh,  6.  JVhiie  Water-  College  Comer,  2;  Dun- 
lapsvllle,  2.  106  40 

iKDiAir  Tbrbitobt.  -  Ckoctatv  -  Lenox,  2  20 

Iowa.— Cedar  Rapids  Wyoming,  1  60.  Council  Blujffk 
—Sidney,  3  60  Bit  Afomet- Clifton  Heights  sab-seb,  6. 
Dubuque  -  Dubuque  German,  10.  Fort  Dodge  -  battle 
Creek,  2;  Esthervllle,  1  94;  Ijarrabee,  2;  Union  Township, 
1.  iMCPa- Burlington  1st,  2  34;  Middletown,  60  cts;  Win- 
fleld,  1.  80  88 

Kabba*.  -  fmjiarto  -  Neal  sab-soh,  1;  Waverly,  4  64- 
Wiohita  Perkins,  3.  Neoeho  lola,  8:  Mound  Yalleysab- 
sch,  1.  5o2omon- Saltville,  1  80.  Topeka  -Topeka.  West- 
minster, 1  20.  20  14 

KKirruoKT.-£be«eir«r- Covington  1st,  23  89;  Lexing- 
ton 2d.  130  44:  Maysville,  19  87;  Murphysville,  1.  LouU- 
«<///- Louisville  Covenant,  24  32;  Olivet,  1;  Princeton  1st, 
8.  208  02 

MioBiOAB.-  Detroit  -  Detroit  Central,  20;  —  Memorial, 

6  61;  —  lYumbuU  Avenue,  26.  0/ and  Ka^rfdy- Mulr,  L 
Laniing  —  Lansing  Franklin  Avenue,  4  07.  Monroe— 
Qnincy  sab  scb.  9.  Prtoekty  -Altauon  sab-soh,  1  48.  Sagu- 
nav; -Flynn  sab  sch,  6.  71  01 

MiNirxBOTA.— JZcd  Atoi^ -Western,  2  18.  St.  Paul  St. 
Clond.  2  26:  St.  Paul  1st,  7;  —  Central,  1.  Winona  Chat- 
fleld,  4  47.  16  90 

MiBsouRT.  -  Kansae  Ol/y— Creighton.  1.    Oznrk  -  Joplln, 

7  76.    St.  Louie    St.  Louis  Carondelet.  9  66.  18  40 
NMBRA8KA.—Ha«finos -Edgar  sab-soh    4  60;  Hastings, 

German,  1;  WllsonvfUe  sab  sch.  e.  ir«am«y- Kearney 
German,  1.    A^iodrara  -  Oakdale  f^ab-soh,  3  78  16  28 

Nbw  3MBSttY.— Elizabeth  -  Clarksville,  2:  Elizabeth 
Ist  German,  6;  Westfleld,  6  20  Jtreey  C^y-.Iersey 
City  1st,  2.  —  John  Knox.  6;  —  Scotch,  1';  Passaic  sab- 
scb,  3  23.  MonnumlA— Barnegat  sab-sch,  1  2);  Moores- 
town,  1;  Plattsburgh,  2;  Whiting  and  Shamong,  1.  Mor- 
rie  and  Orange  -  Flanders  2;  Madison,  61  40:  Morristown, 
Sooth  Street,  32  82;  Orange  German,  6  24;  S»outh  Orange, 
7  91;  Summit,  66  74.  Anoarifc— Montolair  1st,  1;  Newark 
2d  German,  9  68;  —  Calvary,  86  cU;  —  Park,  12  74;  Wick- 
liff*>,  8  73.  New  Brunewick -Bound  Brook  sab-soh,  6  2; 
Princeton,  Wittae.  spoon  Street.  1.  Newton  Deckertown. 
4  26;  Delaware.  R.  Weet  Jersey -Clay  ton,  10;  Gloucester 
City,  6;  Vlneland,  6.  289  14 

Nbw  Mbzioo.— Rio  Gr^inde— Albuquerque  1st.  6  60 
Nbw  Yorbl— il/6any— Ballston  Spa  sab-sch,  8  66;  Glov- 
eraville  sab-soh,  12;  Jermain  Memorial,  1;  New  Scotland, 
6;  Saratoga  Springs  2d,  6  40.  Binghamton  ~  Owego,  la 
Botf9B— Providence,  3;  Koxhury,  10.  ffrooUyii— Brooklyn, 
East  Williamsburg  German,  1;  —  Grace  sab-rah,  16:  — 
—  South  Third  **treet  76  29;  —  Trinity,  8.  Buffalo— East 
HambiirKh  (sab  sch,  2)  6;  Fredonla,  20;  niean,  10  6U. 
(^amplain— Chasy,  8  16.     Oeneee*— Elba,  3;  Leroy  and 


Bergen  sab-sch,  6.  Geneva— Uoyt's  Corners  sab-ich,  8  60; 
Naples.  1  49;  Seneca  sab  sch,  8  26.  BudsoB— Goshen, 
24  81;  Port  Jervls,  10:  Bidgebury,  86  ots.  Long  leland— 
Bridgehamptom,  7;  East  Hampton,  12;  w*oricnes,  2  88; 
Shelter  Island,  7  *  {Southampton  sab-sch,  66  78  Naekua— 
(Hen  Wood,  2;  Huntington  2d  sab  sch,  16.  New  York" 
New  York  7th,  7;  —  Fifth  Avenue,  891  61;  —  Bohemian, 
10;  —  c;alvary,  6;  —  Christ  Chapel,  10;  —  Dodge  Memo- 
rial, 8;  —  French  Evangelical,  6;  —  Mudlson  Avenue  sab- 
sch,  80;  —  Mount  Washington,  86  60;  —  Spring  Street 
sab-sch,  1  60;  —  West  sab  sch,  10.  Nnrth  Rivet— Pine 
Plains.  10.  iZoc^etfer— Caledonia,  2  68;  Boohester,  Eman- 
uel, 1  41.  St,  Lawrence— Chnumont  6.  Steuben -Coming 
2  62;  Cubasab-€ch  4  87:  Hornellsvllle,  2.  Syrmcuee-  Ca- 
zenovia.  80  46:  Syracure  1st.  18  36.  TVoy— Sandy  Hlil, 
18  60.  Cffico— Oneida,  6  32;  Utica,  Olivet.  8.  Vernon  Cen- 
tre. 8.  IFeefcJieefer— i)arien,  10;  Greenwich,  6;  Sing  Sing, 
4  60  1,663  48 

NOBTH  Haxota.— PnnMna  -  Emerado.  4  60 

Ohio.— JMent— Galllpolls,  3.    0eU<^<Malne— Sanduky, 

2  40;  Upper  Sandusky  sab-sch,  1  78.  thaHcothe  BogoU, 
1;  Wilmington.  2.  Cincinnati  -  College  Hill,  8  84;  Lebanon. 
6.  Clevelan^l-  Cleveland  2d,  20;  —  Calvary,  12:  —  Woodland 
Avenue,  20;  Milton  sab  sch,  2.  CoZitmbtit- Columbus. 
Broad  Street,  4;  —  Westminster,  10  41.  Daylon— Dayton, 
Park,  4  64:  —  Wayne  Avenue,  6.  Huron  -Bioomville,  2; 
Fostoria.  10;  Olena  sab-sch,  4.  AfoAonin^F—Brookfleld,  1: 
Coitsville,  i;  Lowell,  1  86:  Mineral  Bidge,  1;  Warren, 
4  60.  Maumee— Eagle  Creek,  8;  Holgate.  l;Montpel(er,  8. 
St.  C2atr«vi</'— Buchanan,  1:  Cadis,  18  40;  KIrkwood  sab- 
sch,  14  61;  New  Cast!e,  1;  Woodsfleld.  1  66.  5irew6env/iXe— 
Bacon  Kldge  4  60;  Harlem  sab-FOb,  11  68;  Island  Creek, 
1:  Aichmond  (ch.  and  sab-sch).  2  69;  Stoubenville  1st, 
26  36.  Zdnest^iUe- Jefferson,  1  60;  Keene,  60  ets;  Mount 
Yernon,  740;  Warsaw,  li  216  »7 

PAOiric—Benieia— valine.  6  Loe  Angelee  -Anaheim 
sab-sch,  10  76:  Los  Angeles  2d,  12:  Santa  Barbara  (»ab- 
sch.  10),  32  60.    San  Fra/ieieco-San  f'^rancisoo  Chinese,  4; 

—  Wes.  minster  sab-soh,  6  96.  San  Jote -Santa  Cms,  2. 
Sfocik/on— Fowler,  6.  78  20 

PsBBBTLVABiA  —Allegheny  —  Glenfleld,  2;  Leetsdale 
sab-soh,  64  73;  MlUvale.  20  71;  Sharpsburgh.  22  83  Blairt- 
vil/e-Kerr,  1.  IfuT/er -Allegheny,  1:  Cltntonville,  4; 
Grove  City.  10  90;  ivliddlesex  (sab  sch,  8).  7;  New  Salem, 
1;  North  Washington,  1;  Poriersville,  6;  Prospect,  6; 
Rehoboth.  1     Car/ie/e  -  Dauphin.  2;  Lower  Marsh  Creek, 

3  10  C/ieifer-Dllworthiown,  1  88:  Bidley  Park  church 
and  sab-soh,  4:  West  Chester  1st,  10  83  Ooriim^Beech 
Wonds,  10  62:  Elkton,  3;  Sllgo,  1.    £He— Erie  Central,  26; 

—  Chestnut  Street,  8;  Pleasantville,  8:  Sunvllle,  8  Hun  - 
tnydon -Bulah  loi;  Clearileld.  10;  Duncansvllle,  1:  Holi- 
daysburgh  (sab-sch  2  81),  36  42;  McYeytown,  3  76:  New- 
ton Hamilton,  2;  Orbtsonla.  1;  Port  Royal,  6;  Shlrleys- 
burgh  sab-sch,  6.  jn/fanni n^—Ebeneier  sab-sch,  9  88; 
Jacksonville,  7;  Siltsburgh.  10.  LacJfcatmmna- Franklin, 
1:  Plains.  1;  Rome,  1;  Shickshinny,  6;  Troy,  18:  Union- 
dale,  1;  West  PltUtoD,  16;  Wilkes  Barre  Grant  Street,  28  02; 

—  Memorial.  47  86.  LeAijf^— Catasauqua  1st,  10;  Port 
Carbon,  6;  Beading  Bethany  Mission,  22  46;  I'amaqna 
(sab-sch,  8),  6:  Upper  Lehigh,  2.  NorthumberlaHti—uy- 
coming  Centre,  6:  Milton  sab-sch,  17;  Pennsdale  1; 
Shiloh,  2;  Trout  Run.  1.  PMtodeip^to -Philadelphia  3d, 
78  93;  —  Grace  sab-sch,  10;  —Tabernacle  82  66:  —  Kens- 
ington 26;  —  Memorial  sab  sch,  27;  -  York  Street,  10. 
P/u/odeZp^ia  NoWfc— Hunt insrdon  Valley  (sab^h,  40),  44: 
Lower  Merlon.  2.  Pitinurgh  -  Concord,  8;  Forest  Grove, 
6;  Knoxvtlle.  6;  Pittsburgh  Central,  8;  —  Bast  Liberty 
(sab-soh,  88  83),  66  14.  Redetone  -  Dunlap's  Creek  sab-eob, 
28;  Mount  Pleasant  Reunion,  12  22.  watkingfon  -  Allen 
Grove,  2:  East  Buffalo  sab-sch,  7;  Moundsville.  30  36; 
Pigeon  Creek,  11;  Washington  1st.  31  16;  Waynesbuigh. 
3;  wolf  Run,  1.  Welhboro  -  Wellsboro.  2  IL  Weeimtne- 
ter— Poquea,  2.  Wat  Fir^/nia  -  Parkersburgh  Ist,  6.  994  74 

TKHNBasBB.-  Holtton  ChuckeyVale,  1;  St  Marks,  2; 
Salem,  1  22.  Jtinyer  on -Chattanooga  Park  Place,  7  46. 
Union  -  Spring  Place,  3.  14  67 

UTAH.-Jkfonrana-Kallspell  Mt.  sab-sch,  10.  Vtah- 
Ephraim.  4;  Msntl,  8;  Gunnison,  76  cts.;  Sallna,  76  oU. 

23  60 

WisooNoiN.  -  Milwaukee  —West  Ganv  lUe,  2.    Winnebago 


1892.] 


Churoh  JSrection, 


—Fond  da  I^a,  10;  Oabkoiti.  4  33;  8 


srMb-Mb.Ok.Tarj  ,  TS  ati;  Loiulratti 
_._.  (IhLd.  lai;  Wllliiinn  ntnoh,  low», 
-  .  S;  Q.  T.  Dlilard  H.  O.,  1  M:  D    N.  Uood, 
Io«». S;  Oeo.  H.  P    " ■■-''     "- — '"-  " 


Toul  rtam  Cbnnbn  and  Sab.  S 


I  Campbell.  Danvllla,  N. 
-1  Havdon,  SprtngOsId, 
«:h.  Ilia ,  2  M;  JT  UkI- 


I:  K  J.Uadi! 
itajh,  Fhila., 

, ,,   ..^= — d,  N.J.,ftifli 

JT    Ind.  Tbit.,  1;  J.    B.   DaviK 
.  Pa.,  10;  W.M.  L.ing,  N.  O.,  i  ' 
WlUoD,  Ueonlr  '"■  <■—'-••  ■ 
ii.  1>.  In 


TTUle. 


Inrlo,  PrlDOBtoD,  Kj., 


April,  isra,      4,1M  10  Mo.,  1  Tl;  ^vay  aab-ich.  Ilia  ,  2  M; 

land.  Bonnera  ferry,  Idabo,  7&  oU  : 
■-  L.   Tarbet  asd    wira.     HIb..  00    tu.-,    >.  i. 

Komero.  Suita  Fe.  N.  M  ,  W  cU 4141 

TaUl  Reeelpta  fot  April,  1R83 4,1U  6) 

M.'Eim;  C  T.  MoM' 


RBOBDTB  FOR  THE  BOARD  OF  CHURCH  ERECTION,  APRllj  IS  TO  30,  ISOS. 

5vnicu«— CaxeDOrla  1st,  9  4T:  Faretterllle,  S  10;  Otiaoo- 
9.  rrov  -  Malta,  «.  Ptieo-UlLca  Memorial,  4  M.  Wt*t- 
chealer-WhlMPIaloa,  IS.  l.XSB  SS 

NoHTH  Dakota.— iVniii(no-Do»lra  Lake  aab-Bch.ll;  Elll- 
moDt,  x  ;i:  UlaaatoD,  S;  Inkator,  S;  St.  TbonuiB,  10.   23  71 

Ohio.  —  HeUe/ontaine  —  Sandusty,  1.  ChfWicotfte  — 
Bogota,  1;  Frankfort,  S;  WaTsrly,  4i  WUmlaKtan.  I.  Cin- 
" ■-  UU  !:  WilllamBburgb,  B     "' — ■- - 


Sharoti,!!.  /otso— BurUnfftoalM.SM:  St.  Pater'i  ETan- 
ssltcal,  1;  WIsBsld.  1.  Iowa  Cflv— Wasblnirton,  I  U. 
Watertoo  fat,  TS  eta;  Wllliama  lit,  4  OS.  ga  SJ 

KAmAa.—AitparJa— Emporia M.S;  HulTaDe,7;  Wichita 
OakStreet.!;— Perklna.  8.  Idnud— Heads  Centre,  G. 
^toloman— Abillne,  7  80;  Concordia,  IT  49;  SaltTiUe,  OE  eta. 

KairrociY.— K6«n*iwr— Dajton.  S  16;  Marirtlle  Jst  IS- 
KewOoDconLI.  toiifmiUfl-QrandBtvar,  1;  Marion.  1; 
OUvet,!;  BbalbTTlllelst.  4.  ss  IS 

Hicsioui.—ZtctTDit— Detroit  Central,  aO;  —  MeroorUl,  B. 
lotefiufwrior— Hanlatlque.Bas.  £<iiu<niF— Battle  Creek 
lit.  10.    AtfHfcev— Harbor  Sprinn.  1  711.  43  40 

HimmoTi.— ChIhM  —  Sandatooe,  t  7B.     Btd  Riter- 


satir 


J  Citv— Kanaaa  CHy  84  S.     Otark— 


I.  JVebnuiia  CKv— BameMon 
-Blair,  1  40. 


Park   

Jforrfi  and  Om 


._3,  8.    HvTon— 

.'-Mineral  Ridge 

umm— Antwerp,  2;  Napoleon.  4. 
01-  vuiirBDjKf - '  nui^uauan.  1;  Cambrldjire,  S;  Formlngton, 
ES«;Kirkwood.eTS;  New  Castle,  1 :  SeneiAvllle,  [ :  Wooda- 
tlKld.  1.  Sttuienuiiia- Centre  Uolty,  3;  Island  Creek  1. 
Zanenr/Ie-FBirmouDt,  8;  NSHark  iA.  8.  Tti  89 

Ouaon.—Emt  Orej/on— Dnadllta,  4  TB.    Smithem  On- 
om-Myrtle  Creek,  a.     IfiUamelte— Woodbum,  B.     12  78 
Pit-iFic— Benisio-VaUejo,  li.    io»  Jnflelr-    •—  ■- 


Loa  OHtob,  S.    OtOrland- Brooklyn,  SO. 
o.  4.    «oc*toii— Freano  l■^  10;  Tracy,  4. 


PaHHBYLTAKii.- .^Ilta^en^-Natrona,  2.  Blaimait 
fanor.  S.  fiuflcr— CUntonvllle,  4.  Cheifrr— Media  I 
iidleyPark,  IB  7S,  Clarion-Big  Run.  1;  SUgo,  1:  Ti 
n»ta.3  4-.:  Er.e— Erie  Central,  a;  -Park.  H.  Hun 
njr''<">-Beu1&h.  2;  puncanavllle,  1;  Qlbeoo 
JcVeytowB,  0;  Mapleton, "    "      '       "      ' 


TO-  JackikHivtIle,  8;  Saltsburgb  attach.  IB.  iackavuxnna 
^reat  Bend  Jsl,  4;  HoneadaU  lit,  SO;  Hoboopany  Creek, 
8;  Newton,  I;  Plains.  2;  Rome,  2;  Stalckshtnnjr,  ifi:  West 
Plttstonlst.M;  WUkesBarrellemariBl,  8181;  Wyaluslng 
Sd.  6.  7>AiaA— Port  Carboo,  S;  Tamaqua  (Incl.  aab-scb, 
1  45).  a  4S;  Upper  Lehigh,  2.  JVorthunAerlaiul— Orove 
Bab-Bch.  Ifl;  Monttromery,  8;  Sblloh.  8.  ParkmbvTa— 
SiatersvUle.  S;  Spencer,  I.  Phjladelnkfo— Philadelphia 
Grace.  B;  —  North  10th  Street,  8;  — Tabemaclo,  144  M. 
PilfaburaA-Plttiburgb  lAwrencevllle,  20  M;  ~  Shady 
Side.  81;  Hlrerdale,  G.  fied«'one— Brownsville,  0:  Mount 
Pleasant.  18.  -SAeruinpo— Pulaakf.  2  SS;  Sharpevllle,  4  aO. 
Wiuhingion—AUea  Qrove,  »;  Waahlngton  lat,  61  >8; 
Waynesbuf^h.B;  Wheeling  ad,  8221;  Wolf  Run,  1.  Wat- 
mlufrr— Fequea.  G;  Pine  Urove,  B.  7TS  00 


Nkw  Janaiv.— fflisoftetfc— Kliiabeth    lit  aerman.    10; 
""-ty  Comer,  8;  Westfleld.  2S  12.    JfonBiomh-Aabury 
W«tinlnBt«r,  S;   EnelUhtown.  I;   Moorestown.  1. 
~  mders.  S;  Mt.  Olive,  9;  Orange 
■lair  lat,  1;   -Calvary.  2  »: - 
"""'"ii  ■"lTJ'"'^'^  "  ^-    ^"^  flrunnefefc- Bethany, 
PrlDaetooWiamtiiMon  Street,  1.    ffeiofan- Blairslown 


nsKi,  i:   nan  OranvUle,  3.     Wlnnebaoo — Fond  du 
i.ac.  lO;  Harinelte  Pioneer,  IB;  Oslikoab  Isl.  S  08.      38  98 

Total  from  churches  and  sabbalh-Bchools S    8.214  04 


E'^r&SiX^^i 


Iat«rsst  on  laTastmeots 

Bale  of  ehurcb  property 

Plans  and  apeelBcatlons 

Sale  of  Book  of  Dralgna  No.  S 

PartUI  loss  rscoreced 

Premiums  ot  Insurance 


92 


Ministerial  Relief. 


[July, 


Church  collections  and  other  contributions, 
April  12  to  30,  1888 $    3,425  25 

Church  collections  and  other  contributions, 
April  11  to  30, 1801 8,41026 

MAirSB  FTTHD. 

MISCELLAMKOUB. 

Installments  on  loans ^86  28 

Premiums  of  insurance 104     f  487  27 


If  acknowledgment  of  any  remittance  is  not  found  In 
these  reports,  or  if  they  are  inaccurate  in  any  item,  prompt 
advice  should  be  sent  to  the  secretary  of  the  Board,  giviJig 
the  number  of  the  receipt  held,  or,  in  the  absence  of  a  re- 
ceipt, the  date^  amount  and  form  of  remittance. 

Adam  Caicpbkll.  Treamrer, 
68  Fifth  Avenue,  New  York. 


RGCBIPrS  FOR  MIMSTERIAL  RELIEF,  APRIL,  1892. 


Atlantic.— 3fcC/«Z/and— Abbey ville  2d,  1.  South  Flo- 
rida—Kiaaimmee,  1.  2  00 

Baltimore.— ^cUtiniortf— Baltimore  12th,  5;  —  Abbott 
Memorial,  2;  —  Faith,  5;  Hagerstown,  9  86;  Highland,  6; 
Paradise,  5:  Sparrows  Point,  2.  Ifew  C(i«t/«— Newark,  lO; 
Hmyma,  2;  St.  George's  sab-sch,  11  85;  Wilmington  West, 
20.  Washington  Ctty— Neelsville,  5;  Washington  City 
1st  (W.  H.  and  F.  M.  8.,  10),  25  76.  107  97 

Catawbjl.— South  Yirginia— Big  Oak  W.  M.  Soc'y,  1; 
Ebenezer,  1;  Russell  Grove,  1.  8  00 

Colorado.— Moulder— Boulder  (sab-sch,  8),  27;  Fort 
Morgan,  11  80:  VaLnont,  27  cts.  i)cnver— Denver  Ist 
Avenue,  2;  Idaho  Springs,  5.    Pue6/o— Engle,  1.         46  57 

Illinois.— Btoomi/igton—Bloomingt on  2d,  100;  Hey- 
worth,  19;  Pontiac,  10/  Cairo— Cobden  8  22;  I>u  Quoin, 
17;  Galum,  4;  Uarrisburgh,  5;  Olney,  4;  Richland,  2  86. 
C^scoao— Austin,  8  81;  Bloom,  5  79:  Chicago  1st  German, 
3;  —10th,  8;  —60th Street,  8;  —Bethany,  8;  —Scotch 
Ist,  14;  Glen  wood,  1;  Hinsdale,  2  50;  Homewood,  5;  More- 
land,  50  cts;  Pullman  Ist,  2.  J/at^oon— Neoga^O.  Ottatca 
— Mendota,  10:  Rochelle  Ist,  7;  Sandwich,  1;  Waltham,  6. 
Pleorta-Brimfleld,  4;  Elmwood.  5;  Peoria  Ist,  5.  Schuyler 
-Liberty,  1;  Warsaw,  2  45.  iSpHTM[/!«W-Pi8gah,  64  cts; 
Unity,  1  69;  Virginia,  20.  289  85 

Iin>iANA.—Oato/or(i«viUe— Prairie  Centre,  6  25.  Indian- 
apolis—ladiaji&ipo\is  id,  120  10;  —East  Washington  Street, 
8.  Lo(/an«port— Michigan  City  Ist,  12.  Jtfuncie- Elwood 
1st,  2.  Ftncenne«- Brazil,  10;  Worthington,  9.  White 
fTa/er— College  Comer,  1;  Dunlapsville,  2;  New  Castle, 
4  75.  170  10 

Indian  TERRrroRY.—CAtcfeasau;— Beaver,  2.  Choctav>— 
Lenox,  1.  8  00 

Iowa.— Cedar  iZqptd<— Wyoming  Ist,  4  50.  Council 
Bluffs— Sidney,  6  60.  Des  A#m'n6«— Garden  Grove,  4  59. 
I>uoii^e— Dubuque  1st  German,  10.  Fort  Dodge— Coon 
Rapids.  2.  /oumk— Birmingham,  2;  Burlington  Ist,  7  02; 
Martinsburg  sab-sch,  18  81;  Middletown,  1  80;  St.  Peter's 
Evangelical.  4;  Union,  2152;  Winfleld,  1.  Sioux  City— 
Union  Township,  2.  80  24 

SL4N8AS.— Eiiipo9*ia— Mulvane,  4;  Wichita  Perkins  2. 
HH^Mand— Aztel,  7  55;  Baileyville.  6  10;  Clifton,  7  80. 
Ikimed -Great  Bend,  12;  Halsted  Ist,  10;  Liberal,  2.  Solo- 
mon—QaXt\i\\e,  95  cts.  51  90 

KBNTOOKY.—JEr&«n«20r— Covington  Ist,  1;  Maysville  1st, 

15  25;  Murphy sville,  1;  New  Concord,  2.  Louisville — 
Louisville  Covenant,  5;  —  Warren  Memorial,  86  52;  Olivet, 
1 ;  Pewe;A  Valley,  5;  Princeton  Ist,  10;  Shelby ville  1st, 
12  45.  189  22 

Michigan.- De^roi/- Detroit  Central,  20:  —  Hamtranck, 
1;  —  Memorial,  40;  —  Trumbull  Avenue,  50;  YpsiJanti  Ist, 

16  52.  Grand  /2aptd«  —  Grand  Rapids  Ist,  2;  Muir,  2. 
Lann'fiff— Battle  Creek,  29.  J/onroe— Quincy  1st,  5.  Pe- 
toskey—Boyne  City,  2.  Saymato— Fenton,  8;  Midland  1st, 
8  66.  173  17 

Minnesota.— Si.  PloiiiZ— Minneapolis  Bethany,  1:  —  Elm, 
1;  —  Franlclin  Avenue,  6;  —  Stewart  sab  sch,  2;  St.  Cloud 
1st,  6  76;  St.  Paul  Central.  1  20.     fTtnono-Chatfleld,  5  84. 

23  30 

MissoDRL— ITavuaA  Ct7y— Kansan  City  Hill  Memorial.  1. 
OzarAc— Cartnage  1st,  17  48:  Joplln  1st,  18  75;  West  Plains 
1st,  8.  PloUmvra^Bethel,  2  85;  Birdseye  Ridge,  6;  Clarence, 
1;  Shelby  ville,  1.  44  58 

Nebraska.— iTeamey—Ord  1st,  8;  St.  Paul,  1.  4  00 

New  jER8EY.—/?</2;a&«/7i— Bethlehem.  4;  Clarksville,  2; 
Clinton  sab-sch,  10;  Elizabeth  Ist  German,  5:  —  Madison 
Avenue,  7  50;  Liberty  Comer,  5;  Rah  way  2d,  50;  West- 
field,  14  86.  Jersey  City— Jersey  City  John  Knox,  10:  — 
Scotch,  25.  Monmouth— AOaury  Park  1st,  11  85;  English- 
town,  2:  Freehold.  15  75;  Moorestown,  1;  Plattsburgh,  8; 
Tuckerton,  2;  Whiting  and  Shamong,  1.  Morris  and 
Orange— Boonton  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  20;  Flanders.  10;  Mt. 
Olive,  7  75;  Orange  Central  (a  member),  5:  South  Orange 
1st,  14  49;  St.  Cloud  sab-sch,  15  9H;  Summit  Central,  20. 
J^cnmzrfc-Montclair  1st,  1 ;  Newark  2d,  47  56;  —  3d,  162  45; 
—  Calvary,  8  58;  —  Park.  43  2?;  —  Wickliffe,  21  81.  New 
Brunswick— AmweW  United  Ist,  8;  Princeton  Witherspoon 
Street,  1;  Trenton  Bethany,  15;  —  Prowpect  Street,  47. 
JVeioCon— Asbury,  15;  Deckertown  Ist,  12  7H;  Delaware  Ist, 
8;  Marksboro,  6;  Oxford  2d  sab-sch.  12  63.  West  Jersey 
— BiUingsport,  2;  Clayton,  20;  Cold  Spring,  5;   Gloucester 


Ist,  5;  Jericho,  50  cts;  Plttsgrove,  15;  Swedesboro.  8;  Vine- 
land,  10;  Woodbury,  58  58.  781  69 
New  Yore— ^ibany— Albany  West  End,  10:  New  Scot- 
land, 6;  Saratoga  Springs  2d,  9  45;  Schenectady  1st,  70  31. 
i^ini/^mfon-Conklin,  2;  Owego  1st,  10;  Waverly,  20. 
^o«fon— Houlton.  6;  Providence  Ist,  10;  Roxbuiy,  10. 
^roofciyn- Brooklyn  Cumberland  Street,  8;  —  Green- 
point,  10;  —  Hopkins  Street  German,  8.  ^aJToto— Buffalo 
Wells  Street,  2;  —  West  Side,  5;  East  Hamburgh  (sab- 
sch,  1).  4;  Fredonia,  17;  Tonawanda  Ist,  18.  Chemung— 
Elmira  Lake  Street,  25;  Mecklenburgh,  2;  Newfleld  Ist^  1. 
Columbia— Canaan  Centre,  5  74.  Genesee— CorftL,  5;  Elba, 
8.  (/enem— Geneva  Ist,  86;  Naples  1st,  4  45;  Seneca  Castle, 
1  80.  //ud«>n— Montgomery  1st,  9;  Port  Jervis  1st,  80; 
Ramapo,  10;  Ridgebury,  1  18.  Long  /«/and— Bellport,  2; 
Brookfleld,  1;  Moriches,  8  65;  Shelter  Island,  7;  Speonk, 
1.  l/vorw— Marion,  7  46.  J^TaMau- Astoria,  5;  Glen  Wood, 
2;  Northport,  1.  Neto  Forfc-New  York  Ist  (1,060  add'!), 
1,718  42;  —  7th,  7;  —  4th  Avenue,  94;  —  5th  Avenue,  100; 

—  14th  Street,  40  24;  —  Calvary,  5;  —  French  Evangelical, 
6;  —  Mount  Washington,  180  90;  —  Sea  and  Land,  10;  — 
West  Farms  sab  sch,  2.  JViooora— Mapleton.  2;  Medina 
Ist.  6  63.  North  River  —  Cold  Spring,  13.  Rochester— 
Rochester  Emmanuel,  2  11;  Wheatland  1st,  2.  .9^  Imw- 
rencc— Dexter,  5.  Sfeu6«n— Angelica,  per  "Christian 
Steward,^'  3  22;  Cohocton,  5;  Coming  1st,  7  85;  Hornells- 
ville  1st,  7.  Syracuse— Synjcaae  1st,  54  80.  JVoif— Fort 
Edward,  25  cts;  Glens  Falls,  21;  Jermain  Memorial,  1; 
Sandy  Hill,  103  25;  Schaghticoke,  5.  C7ttco  —  Cochran 
Memorial,  11  75:  Lowville,  10;  Mt.  Vernon,  6;  Oneida, 
10  63;  Utica  1st,  41  59;  —  Olivet,  8;  Vernon  CentrCjJ  62. 
Westchester-&ing  Sing,  18  50.  2,824  25 

North  Dakota.— /JYir^-La  Moure,  1.  Pembina— Exa- 
erado,  10;  Inkster,  1.  12  00 

Ohio.— /if /ujn«-Cro8s  Roads,  2;  Gallipolls  1st,  11;  Mari- 
etta 4th  Street,  10.  Ael/e/oneatne— Sandusky,  2  51.  ChU- 
h'cofAe— Bogota,  2;  Bouraeville,  7;  Concord,  2;  Frankfort, 
2:  New  Petersburgh,  10.  Ctncfnna<»— Bond  Hill,  8;  Cin- 
cinnati Mount  Auburn,  80  77;  Delhi  Ist,  18;  Hartwell,  5; 
Willlamsburgh  (sab-sch,  8),  4  82.  CZeuetand— Cleveland 
2d,  50  50;  —Calvary,  86;  —  Woodland  Avenue,  150;  Mil- 
ton sab-sch,  1.    CoZum^iM- Columbus  5th  Avenue,  11; 

—  Broad  Street,  11  50;  —  Westminster,  12  84;  Sdoto,  2. 
i>at(ton -Collinsville,  4;  Dayton  1st,  5;  Wayne  Avenue,  5; 
Riley,  8.  jyuron— Fostoria  1st,  5;  Melmore,  1  96;  Tiffin, 
12.  Ltma-Delpbos  1st,  8;  North  Baltimore,  1.  Mahoning 
—Brookfleld,  1 ;  Leetonia,  2;  Mineral  Ridge,  8;  North  Ben- 
ton. 5;  Vienna,  1 ;  Warren  Ist,  13  60.  Afartow- Pisgah,  8; 
Richwood,  8.  Maumee  —  Holgate,  2.  St.  Clairsville— 
Antrim,  8;  Bellaire  Ist.  13:  Buchanan,  1  66:  Cadiz  Ist,  41; 
Kirkwood,  6  48;  New  Castle,  1  66;  Senecaville,  1;  Woods- 
field,  1  68.  Steubenville-Bethlehem,  6;  Centre  Unity,  2; 
Island  Creek,  1;  Long's  Run,  8;  Richmond  and  sab-sch, 
8  62;  Steubenville  3d,  8;  Waynesburgh,  6.  ZanesviUe— 
Mt.  Vernon,  28  12:  Newark  2d,  11;  Pataskala,  4.       688  11 

Oregon.— Trt7/a»»€«€— Salem,  16;  Woodbum,  8;  Lafa- 
yette, 8  51.    Porf/and-Tualitin  Plains,  5.  26  61 

Pacific— fienicia—Calistoga,  5;  Vallejo,  25.  Los  An- 
oeica-Los  Angeles  Ist,  42  15;  —  2d,  6;  —  Bethany,  2; 
Redlands,  28  70;  Rivera  Ist.  2  88;  SanU  Barbara  1st,  61. 
Oafctond- Oakland  Brooklyn,  30.  Sacramento— lone,  2. 
San  Jo»e— Santa  Cruz,  3.    Stocktmi,—¥reeno  1st,  8  25. 

209  43 

Pennsylvania.— ^litepfceny— Evans  City,  3:  MiUvale,  26; 
Natrona,  2.  Btotr«m«e— Blairsville,  3)  50;  Deny,  10  60; 
Kerr.  2;  Manor,  2;  Poke  Run,  16.  Butler-Amity,  8;  Clin- 
tonviUe,  5;  Grove  City,  82  71;  North  Butler,  8;  North 
Washington,  1;  Princeton,  2;  Rehoboth,  1.  Carlisle— 
Harrisburgh  Olivet,  6;  Millerstown,  4.  Chester^— MediSL, 
62  08;  Ridley  Park,  15  75.  Ctorion-Big  Run,  1 :  Du  Bois 
(sab-sch,  2  ST),  87  84;  Elkton,  6;  Oak  Grove,  2;  Reynolds- 
ville,  1;  Sligo,  8.  J^»«— Conneautville,  8;  Erie  Central, 
25.  Huntingdon— Beulah,  1  54;  Duncansville,  3;  Gibson 
Memorial  1;  McVeytown.  12:  Milroy.  5;  Newton  Hamil- 
ton, 1;  Orblsonia,  8;  Port  Royal,  13;  Robertsdale,  1 ;  Shii^ 
leysburgh  sab-sch,  4;  Waterside,  2.  Kittanning— Cherry 
Run,  1;  Crooked  Creek,  1 ;  Homer,  5  40;  Indiana,  80:  Jack- 
sonville, 9;  Leechburgh  (sab-sch.  6),  21;  Saltsburgh  sab- 
sch,  15;  Washington.  10.  Lacfcaioanna  —  Dunmore,  2; 
Franklin.  1;  Honesdale,  100;  Newton,  1;  Plains,  8;  Rome, 


1892.] 


Weat  PltMton.  ISO;  Wills 


I;  Siimmit  HUl  I 


<kla  fat. 


tuiiiiiilCHmBab^Buh.  S40.  JameBl_    _ 
;  Tttiaaqua  (gab-wb,  8).  5;  Upper  Le- 


t.  10:  PenoBdole,  li 

Bbureh  int.'  4S;  Ro- 
Phiiadflphia 


— Phltaddphia  Grace,  ill;  —  Oreen  Hill.  Si  K: 
haaoa  '"■      "'-•-"--    ni-->- j-._.-- .■ — .     ... 

Brklei „ 

ForeaCTlUa,  B;  Ger ,„  „ 

HDDtlOKdoii  Voller,  4:  Loner  Herlon.  S.  I 
OoDinnl,  10;  North  Branoh,  2  IS);  PhdlHpebur 
burrilld,  lis  TS:— 43d  Street.  IB;  _  Central. 
Libert;  (Mb-Kh,  07  S8).  189  at:  —  Bhady  Bfde,  31 ;  Rlver- 
fl&le,  lO.  RedttoTie — JelTersoD,  3;  LonG:  Run,  0.  Shenango 
Rich  BUI,  8.  Waihtngtim^AUea  Oro^B,  2;  LimnloDe.!: 
WMblDRtOD  let,  88  eS;   Warnaaburgh,   -     —    -  - 


r-afc 


S:  Salion  MIhIod.  3  35:  SpHn^llle  1 

WtHHiKOTOS.  —  Oi^mpio  —  Vancouver   Ist,    1.    . 
Sourul-SumDer,  t  SS,    Walla  H'aUa— Waltsburg  U.,  _. 
9U 

WiacoH9iH-— Lo  CrcwK— tlreenwood,  1,    Lake  fftiprritrr 
-Iron  HounUlQ.  4;  Maaistlque  IRedeemer).  14  ST:  Mar- 

OanibrldKe,4;  RacUe  1st,  37  44;  Rlclifleld.  S;  WeOTUran- 
TlUe.  4.  WiTmrbago—rood  du  Lac,  10;  Marloelle  Pioneer. 
30;  OiJlkoBh  lat,  8  40:  WauBsu  lit,  n  M.  373  M 

From  the  churches t    7,603  38 


"X.  Y,.  South.  Call(,"a);  Mre.  Julia  Filhiiore, 
lanBlngburKh.  N.  Y..  10:  "MIscellftMOUB."  W; 
Rev.  J.  N.  T)lameiit  and  Mra.  M.  A,  Lllley, 
Econtuclia,  Indian  Ter.,  5;  "A  Wend  In  St. 
Louia.  Mo.,  10;"  a.  A.  Spaulding,  Ullca.  N.  Y., 
10;  Rei.  Wm.  H.  Hodge.  ChfStnut  Hill.  Pa., 
10;  -Oaah."  1;  ADoajmous.  New  York  CTty, 
2S;  ''R.  T.  P.,  MlMcellaneous,"  BO;  Waller  Mc- 
QuM-a,  Schenectady.  N.  ¥..  100;  Hr«.  Helen 
M.  Blanchard.  Umatilla.  Fla.,  B;  Mrs.  Mary 
Ann  Hubbard,  Chlca^.  111..  3S:  '■Frooi  a 
hahevor  In  luiBslonB."  l"a  ,  SOO:  Rev.  R.  Tay. 
lor,  Beverly,  N.  J,.  TO;  Mra,  B.  M.  Kwlne, 
WheelloK,  W.  Va.5;  Mra.  Mariraret  McNab, 
Tonmh.  Wis  .  3;  Etev.  E.  Thompson  and  wife. 
TavlooilK  III.,  y  -S,  M,  C-,"  Iowa.  B;  Mlaa 
Helen  T,  B.irnry.  New  York  City.  HO;  F.  L. 
Janeway.  Ne.v  York.  100;  J,  Holland.  Bon- 
ner-s  Ferr.v.  Iri«ho.  !  3S:  Rev.  W.  L.  Tarbet, 
and  wife.  PfBKBh.  HI,.  40  olBi  V.  F.  Romero, 

Santa  Fe,  New  Meilco,  flO  cts 9K  K 

Interest  from  peromnont  fund 5,«M  84 

Interest  from  Ulta  fund »  tl 

For  current  fund >  14,S8B  84 

pERHiHiirr  niNb. 
(titleTttt  onlv  UKd.) 
Balance  nf  legacy  of  Mary  Kerr,  Troy,  N.  Y., 
14  68;  LettacT  of  Mrs.  Emily  T.  Ectert,  Phila- 
delphia, SO.OOO 30,014  at 

Total  for  April,  1«W (34,400  40 

W,  W.  Hkbirtom,  TreatVTer. 


BSOEIFTS  FOR  FREBDMEM,  MARCH,  1S92, 


1  Memorial,  60;  ~  Central, 
i««i;  ~  [ttitn.  a;  -  ijrace,  1;  —  WestmiOBter.  B  48; 
Church  ville  (per  Ura.  U.  B.  Ball  and  Ulu  H.  H.  Ilarland).  4 ; 
Cumberland,  G;  Fallaton;  1  «6;  Govanstown,  6;  tiranlle, 
SOCU;  Haeeratown.  8;  LonaconlnR:  10  14;  Mount  Parsn, 
Mcta:  Now  Windsor,  1;  Paradise,  3;  The  Grove.  5;  Illnh- 
laod.  Si  Baltls " ■■    ■      -        -      ■      "     


t.,  3;  Yaqnlnna  Bay.  Wllliamelte  FreB.,  6;  Medford- 
^laDdPrea.,  S.    /uoet  .S'oumf-Sumoer.a  W  34 

n  (sab'Bch,  3  T9),    18:  Belleville, 


View.l:  Urhana,3.    (Xro-Anna,  3;  Carbondale,  4;  Du 

«uoin,  ?  88;  Galum.  3;  Harrisburir,  S:  Mount  Cannel,  3  66; 
imaraa,  10,    Cbi capo— Austin,  l.:2  eta;  Chicago  lat,  68  80; 


S  33;  —  Fltleentb  Btra 


-  WMtern,  30;  —  Ourlej 


Frfn— South  Bend  Cli.,  I:  Vancouver  lEland,  i,  e<ui  m 
DOtt— Enterprise,  36  cts;  Grass  Valley,  3  80:  Pendleton, 
Idaho— ClBur  d'Atene.  Spokane  Prrs.,  4;  Rathdrum.  .. 
Waltsburg.  Waahlnpon  Pres.,  1;  Walla  Walla.  Washlne- 
ton  Pr™..  *  80.  Oreiion— Portland  1st.  8;  Hervala,  Wtl- 
liamette  Prea-.l;  lAtayatte,  Wllllamette  Pre«„  1  9B;  Ma- 
rlon, WllHamette  Pres.,  3:  Octorara.  Wllllamette  Prea..  3; 
Oretton  City.  Portland  Prea.,  8;  Pleasaot  Grove.  Wllllam- 
ette Prefl..  S;  Portland.  Calvary.  StM;— St.  John'n,  R, 
Ptm.,  S;  Salem,  Wllllamette,  T;TualltiD  Flalna,  Portland 


-  Holland,  3;  —  Ninth,  3;  - 


-     21;  Lagrange,  1st.  a; 

Zkm  Green  of  Wheeling.  6;  Olivet.  2.  fVrppDrl— Cedar- 
vUle.  8  IS;  Galena  South,  60  40;  Marengo.  30;  Rockford, 
Westminster,  4  31;  Zion,  German,  6.  JValfoon— Areola, 
3;  ChariPBton  y.  P.  8.  C.  e.,37  01:  Marahall.  1;  Matloon, 
4  60:  Monisonville,  3;  Tower  Hill.  6;  Vandalla,  8.  Oltatea 
— EarlvlLe,  8:  Morris.  7;  Sandwich,  6;  Waltham,  4;  Wa- 
terman. A.  Peoria— Brim neld,  3;  Elmwood.  8:  Eureka, 
10(3;  Farmington.  7;  Ipava,  31  10;  Knoiville.  Ifl  87;  Peo- 
ria, CalTBij,  4:  Roc*  Kiuer-Alexto.  18;  Ashton,  B;  Edg- 
Inglon.  6'  Franklin  Grove,  8:Pulton,  B:  Geneseo.  8;  Prince- 
ton, 18  80;  Rock  Island.  Broadway,  8  60;  —  Cenlral  sab- 
Bch,  a  07,  SfftuBier-Camp  Creek.  8;  Clayton,  2;  Foun- 
tain Ureen,  I:  Hersmnn,  8;  Klrkwood.  a;  Liberty.  1;  Mt. 
Sterling.  2i  70;  Oquawka,  8  33;  Plymouth,  a  64;  Wyihe, 
4.  Sin-initi)*M-Bni8hCreek,  8;  Decatur,  lo:  Farming- 
ton  4;  Maroo,  4;  Peterahurgh,  tl  80:  Plsgah,  3  18;  Unity, 

' '■■--'-'-  ■"  -—  ie 


VirginKW. 

INOIAK*.— CroM/onlniJHe  —  Beulah,  3;  Crawfordsvllie 
let,  14;  —centre.  Y.  P.  S.  C-  E.,  6.  Dnrlinglon,  1  46;  La- 
fayette 3d,  61  40:  Newtown.  10.  Fbrl  H'avne- Kendall- 
vllle.  14  10.  Md'VinopoIi'B- Indianapolis  ad,  C8  ?0;  —  East 
Washington  St,.  3;  —  Tabernacle,  36.  i/opansporf— Beth- 
lehem. B  40;  La  Porte  Bab-sch,  45;  Lwaneporl  Irt.  10  60; 
MontlrelJo,  S;  Vatparaiso,  8  70,  Mi.ncje-Elwood,  3:  Hart- 
f..rdCHy.5;  Marion;5;  Npw  Cumberland,  8:  Nobleaillle. 
S;  Peru.  16  10;  Union  dtyY.  P.  B,  C.  E..  16;  Wabash.  TM; 
Wlncheeter.  8.  jv™  ^(tai.i,-llHdiBon  let.  10  Ht;  New  Al- 
■"■ hlngton.  ■■ ■ 


;Speno 


mHsu 


i;  Cold  Sprine 
■,  ..;  x.ueneMr,  2;  F'- 
t;  New  Castle,  8  07;  1 


94 


Freedmen. 


[July, 


Indian  Territory.— C%eroJbtfe  iVdfton— Claremore,  3; 
Elm  BpriDK,  5;  Eureka,  880:  Fort  Gibson,  1 ;  Park  Hill,  6  00; 
Pleasant  Valley,  8  40;  Tahiequah.  1.  Ckickaaaw^Atoka^ 
per  Miss  Lucyrey  Howard,  ill  40;  Oklahoma  Terr'y,  1. 
Choctaw— ForeBt,  1;  Per  Mrs.  McCrowe,  Choctaw  Nation, 
80  70;  Wylle  Homar,  1;  Per  Miss  Ahrens,  90.  Mttscogee— 
Muscogee.  16;  Wewoka,  1.  272  80 

Iowa.— CSedar  /^opufo— Blalrstown,  18  00;  Linn  Orove, 
5;  MechanicsTille,  7;  Mount  Vernon,  25;  Scotch  Grove,  6; 
Vinton.  10;  Wyoming,  2  60.  Council  Blvffa—Atton,  8; 
Audubon,  18;  Creston,  4;  Griswold,  8  27:  Guthrie  Centre, 
8;  Lenox,  6  48;  Menlo,  8;  Missouri  Valley,  4;  Shelby,  2; 
Sidney,  6  80.  Dea  Moines-~Adv>\,  9  70;  Des  Moines  Cen- 
tral, 87  77;  —  Westminster,  1  60;  East  Des  Moines,  19  66; 
Garden  Grove,  4  68;  KnoxviUe,  7;  Oslialoosa,  8  16.  Dubuque 
— Centretown  German,  l;  Dyersville  German,  1;  Farley, 
1  60;  Independence  Ist,  24  45;  —  Cferman,  8;  Oelwein,  1; 
Waukon  German.  80;  Dubuque  8d,  2.  Fort  Dodge— FondAt 
5;  Fort  Dodge,  18  92;  Giidden,  6:  Sioux  City  Stone  Lake, 
1.  Sumx  Ctty—OdeboM,  5;  Banbome,  2:  Battle  Creek,  2; 
Sioux  City  id,  8  95;  Larabee.  2;  Paulina,  2  60.  loua— 
Bloomfleld,  1;  Keokuk  Westminster,  14  82;  Mediapolis.  8; 
Middletown,  1  25;  Montrose,  6;  St.  Peter's  Evangelical, 2; 
West  Point,  6.  Iowa  City-Dvrenyort  2d,  68  cts;  Keota, 
4;  Lafayette,  8;  Le.  Claire,  2;  Montezuma,  10;  Mount 
Union,  1:  Muscatine  1st,  19;  Princeton,  1  60:  Washington, 
8  60;  West  Liberty,  3.  TTa^ertoo— ApHngton,  2;  Cedar 
Valley,  2:  Grundy  Centre  (sab-sch.  1  20),  10;  Holland  Ger- 
man, 16;  Kamrar  German,  6;  Mornson.  8. 

Kansas.— Export  a— Clear  Water,  2;  Marion  sab-sch,  6; 
Mulvane,  8:  New  Salem,  6:  Peabody,  28  89;  Quenemo,  8; 
Walnut  Valley.  6;  Wichita  Central,  1  70.  Highlands 
Comlne.  8;  Holton  1st,  6  97;  Horton,  5;  NortonvlUe,  2  81; 
Vermillion,  2.  Lamed  —  Hutchinson,  20;  Liberal  2; 
Lyons,  10;  McPherson,  12;  Spearville,  1  95.  2Veo«Ao— Car- 
lyle,  40  cts;  Gamett,  6.  Oabome— Rays  City.  6  68;  Osbom% 
8.  Solomon— Abiline,  6  62;  Delphos.  8;  Glen  Elder,  1; 
Lincoln,  2;  Saltville,  1:  Harmony,  8.  Ibpfiira- Auburn, 
6  25:  Manhattan,  6;  Oak  Hill,  1;  Olathe,  8;  Oskaloosa,  2; 
Riley  Centre  German,  8;  Topeka  2d,  2;  Kansas  City  1st, 
82  17. 

KBNTUCKT.—ffdene^er— Ashland,  29  72;  Augusta,  6  86; 
Covington  Ist,  188  22;  Ebenezer,  2;  Greenup,  4:  Mount 
Sterling,  8  16:  Sharpsburg  sab-sch,  1.  Louiaville—Kut- 
tawa,  8;  Louisville  4th,  2;  —  Central,  28  86;  Olivet,  8; 
Owensboro  1st,  10:  Pewee  Valley,  6;  Princeton  1st,  2; 
Shelbyville  1st,  6;  Covenant,  9  84.  7Van«y/t'ant'a— Dan- 
ville 2d,  86;  Harrodsbui^h,  4  10. 

Michigan.— Detroit— Detroit  8d  Avenue,  7  66;  —  Central 
Miss,  of  sabsch.  6;  —  Fort  Street,  252  41;  Howell.  5; 
Plymouth  2d,  6  80;  White  Lake  (C.  B.  S.).  7.  Flint- 
Marlette  1st,  7.  Orand  Rcmida-lMdiDgtoUt  8  80;  Mon- 
tague sab-sch,  8  68;  Muir,  H.  M.,  1.  JiTatomajEOo— Kendall, 
10;  Nlles,  84  62.  Lavuini^-Albion,  10;  Battle  Creek,  26; 
Jackson,  7  80;  Mason,  25;  Oneida.  2;  Tekonsho.  2.  Monroe 
— Coldwater,  4  68;  Hillsdale,  9;  JonesviUe,  8  18.  FttoAey 
—Harbor  Springs,  6  66;  Mackinaw  City,  2.  8aginav>— 
Alma,  5;  Bad  Axe,  1 :  Mount  Pleasant,  8;  Port  Austin,  per 
W.  Sidebothan,  H.  M.,  1. 

Minnesota.  —  Duluth  —  Duluth  1st,  88.  Mankato  — 
Amboy,  4;  Blue  Earth  City,  6;  Delhi,  6  81;  Lake  Crystal, 
6;  Mankato,  41  66;  St.  Peter's  Union,  6;  Tracy.  6;  Wells, 
25;  Winnebago  City,  9 18.  Bed  River— Fergus  Falls,  48  cts; 
Maine,  2;  Red  Lake  Falls,  8.  St.  Paul-Crystal  Bay,  8; 
Farmlngton,  8;  Litchfield,  10  80;  Long  Lake,  2;  Minne- 
apolis Stewart  (sab-sch,  8  04),  87  04:  —  House  of  Hope, 
64  07;  North  St.  Paul,  2;  Reiderland  German,  2:  Rush 
City,  1;  St.  Paul  Central,  12  80;  Vermillion,  8;  Warren- 
dale,  8;  Elmo,  1 ;  Mt.  Bethany,  1  TF^Jnonor— Albert  Lea, 
W  45;  Frank  Hill  German,  8;  Kaason,  10;  Preston,  11; 
Winona  German,  8. 

Missouri.— IfTitfe  River— Mt.  Lebanon,  1  80.  Kanaat 
City— Deepwater,  4;  Jefferson  City,  6;  Kansas  City  1st, 
80  89;— 5th,  6;— Hill  Memorial,  l;—Linwood,  1  69;  Sedalia, 
Broadway,  16.  QsarJk- Ebenezer,  6; 'Eureka  Springs,  8; 
Mount  Vernon,  8:  Ozark  Prairie,  1;  Springfield  2d,  2  25;— 
Calvanr,  26  67;  West  Plains.  W.P.B.,d.  iwmyra— Birds- 
eye  Ridge,  8;  Hannibal,  20;  Knox  City,  1;  Macon.  8; 
Pleasant  Ravine,  1.  Platte— Craig,  8;  Fairfax,  2  64:  Mar- 
tinsville, 1.  St.  Louis.— CubA,  4;  Salem  1st,  2;  St.  Louis 
1st,  Idid  88:  —  2d,  160;  —  1st  German,  6;  —  Carondelet, 
8  65;  —  Glasgow  Avenue,  2  86;  —  North,  20:  —  West,  71  46. 

NBBRA8KA.—Ha9ftng«— Beaver  City,  8;  Bloomington,  1 ; 
Hansen,  3  20;  Hastings,  9  50;  Oak  Creek  German,  4. 
/feamev— Kearney  W.W.  M.  B.,80;  Ord,5;  St.  Edwards, 8;' 
St.  Paul,  1 ;  Kearney  German,  1 ;  Sumner,  60  cts.  Nebrcuka 
Ctfy— Adams  8nd,  2;  Falls  Citv,  8  60;  Hebron,  8  12;  Hick- 
man German,  7;  Humboldt,  4  11:  Lincoln  2nd,  8;  Little 
Salt,;  Pawnee,  10  H;  Plattsmouth,  10  80;  Raymond.  8; 
Seward,  6;  Staplehurst,  2:  Sterling.  8;  Tamora,  2;  Utlca, 
4;  York,  15  89.  JVto&rara— Cleveland.  1:  Emerson,  4; 
WinnebM^  Indiana,  5.  OmoAo— Craig,  6 18;  Omaha  Snd, 
(Y.  L.  C.  of  K.  D.,  16),  88  86;  —  Castellar  Street,  6;  — 


Knox,  11;  South  Omaha,  2;  Wahuu.  1  :iO;  Webster,  1; 
Norin  Bend  Plymouth,  1. 

Nbw  Jbrsxy.— Coruco-Batanga,  8;  Gaboon,  8;  Benita, 
8.  ^«xa5et^— ClarksviUe,  2;  Clinton,  78  84:  Coniiectkiit 
Farms,  82;  Elizabeth  1st  German,  6;  Lamington,  80;  Lib- 
erty Comer,  4;  Lower  Valley,  6  00;  Perth  Amboy  sab-sch, 
50;  Plainfield  1st  Hope  Chapel,  1;  Rahway  Ist.  18  18;  — 
German,  1;  Roselle,  18  60;  Springfield,  4;  westfleld.  18  07. 
Jersey  Ctty— Hoboken  1st,  10;  Jersey  City  Scotch,  IS; 
Paterson  1st,  15:  —  Redeemer.  50;  —  Westminster,  8; 
Rutherford  (sab-sch,  78  52).  184  64;  West  Milford,  8;  J.  C. 
John  Koox,  10.  JlfonmoutA— Allentown,  20;  Barnesat,  2; 
Bordentown,  5  68;  Columbus,  8  28;  Cranbury  8a,  18; 
Jamesburgh,  10;  Keyport,  1 ;  Lakewood,  64  88;  Manala- 
pan,  8  77;  Matawan,  84;  Plattsburg,  8;  Point  Pleasant,  4; 
Red  Bank,  5;  Shrewsbury,  10;  Tuckerton,  8.  Jforrit  and 
OroTH^e— Chester  isab>scn,  6).  15;  Dover,  45  87;— Wel8h,4  00; 
Gennan  Vallev,  6;  Madison,  8  76;  Orange  1st,  18  19;  Par- 
sippanv,  8;  Scnooley's  Mountain,  16;  Succasunna,  1  New- 
ar/lr-Montclair  Trinity  (sab-sch,  46),  180;  Newark  Snd, 

24  68;  —  6th,  5;  —  1st  German,  8  50;  —  8d  German,  5;  — 
8d German,  6;  —Bethany.  2;  —  Calvary,  1  41;  —  High 
Street,  86  86:  —  Park,  24  98;  —  Wickflffe,  18  08.  ^etp 
BruTWirtcile— Dayton,  8  60;  Frenchtown,  8;  —  sab-scdi,  8; 
Hopewell,  4;  Kingston,  80;  Kingwood,  8;  Kirkpatrick 
Memorial,  8;  Lambert ville,  60;  LawrenoeviUe,  6;  New 
Brunswick  8d,  5;  Princeton  8d,  1199;  TitusviUe,  6;  Tren- 
ton 8d,  18  80;  —  Prospect  Street  sab  sch,  6.  Newion— 
Andover,  8  87;  Belvidere  1st,  25;  —  2d,  6;  Branchville.  10; 
Danville,  4;  Deukertown,  7  10;  Delaware,  8;  Greenwich,  4; 
Musconetcong  Valley,  8;  Stanhope  (C.  E.  Soc.,  8;  sab-sch, 
8),  5;  Stillwater,  6;  Wantage  2d,  5  10;  Washington,  40. 
West  Jersey— Atlantic  City,  25;  BiUingsport,  1;  Black- 
woodt^tvn,  10;  Bridgeton  1st,  60;  —  Wei^  68  80:  Deer- 
field,  10;  Jericho,  50  cts.;  Pittsgrove,  16;  Oedarvllle  Os- 
bom  Memorial.  8;  Swedesboro,  8;  Tuckahoe,  8;  Yineiand, 
5;  Wenonah  {Ch.  30;  sab-sch,  20),  40;  Woodstown,  8. 

New  Mexico.—  Arizonor-Vima,^  8.  Rio  Oraiufe- Al- 
buquerque Ist  sab-sch,  5;  —  Spanish  (2d),  8;  Pajarito,  1; 
Socorro,  1.    Santa  /<>— Santa  Fe,  2. 

Nkw  YofOL.— Albany.— Alhasxy  4th,  75;  —  6th,  9;  — 
Madison  Avenue,  25;  —State  Street,  28  74  Batchellerville 
sab-sch,  8;  Bethlehem,  1:  Broadalbih,  1  40;  GloveraviUe, 
162  65;  Hamilton  Union,  2;  Johnstown,  30;  New  Scotland, 
5  2!)'  Northampton,  8;  Sand  Lake,  8  76:  Schenectady  1st, 
67  68;  Stephentown,  3:  West  Trov,  1.  BinghamUor^— 
Afton.  8;  Balnbridge,  20  2);  Binghamton  Ist.  63  88;  — 
North,  5;  Conklin  yTP.  8.  C.  E.,  2;  McGrawville  Pre.  Soc., 
11;  Owego,  10;  Union,  13.  Boston— Lonsdale,  1;  Lowell, 
5;  Newburyport  8d,  100;  ProvidenoeL  8;  Quincy.  8:  Rox- 
bury,  10;  South  Rvgate,  8;  Woonsocket,  3;  South  Boston 
4th.  13  74.  Brooklyn— Broo}L\yu  Ainslie  Street,  6;  —  Cum- 
berland Street,  8:  —  Mount  Olivet,  4;  —  South  Third 
Street  (sab-sch,  25).  98  48;  Friedensklrehe,  3.  Buffaio— 
Buffalo  1st,  100;  —  Bethany,  14  06;  —  Calvary;  88;  —Wells 
Street,  10;  —  Westminster.  88  44;  —  West  Side,  6;  Go- 
wanda.  8:  Clean  sab-sch,  7  66;  Tonawanda,  10:  WeadSeld, 

25  04;  Lake  Street.  1 ;  Orchard  Park  (sab-sch,  3),  4.  Clay- 
u^o— Auburn  3d,  10  16;  —  Calvary,  14;  —  Westminster, 
1  50;  Dry  den,  11;  Genoa  8d,  72  cts.  CAampIain— Beekman- 
town.  8.  C/iemtin^- Elmira  1st,  26  40;  —  Franklin  Street, 
8;  Mecklenburgh,  1;  Southport,  8;  Spencer,  6  06.  Colum- 
bia— Centreville,  1;  Centre  Windham,  16.  Genesee— At- 
tica, 16  40;  Bergen  Congregational,  14  16;  Byron,  6;  Cas- 
tile. 29  18;  Corfu,  5;  Leroy,  52  50.  Geneva— Branchport; 
1;  Dresden,  1;  Naples,  2  48;  Ovid,  35:  Fenn  Yan,  90  11; 
Romulus,  6  06;  Seneca.  10.  lfu#fw>n— Amity,  3  30;  Cen- 
tre ville.  80  cts.;  Clarkstown  German,  3;  Denton,  8  10; 
Good  Will,  85  cts.;  Hempstead,  75  cts.;  Liberty.  8:  Mid- 
dletown 1st.  25;  —  3d,  1  64:  Milford,  6;  MonticeUo,  2; 
Nyack,  2)  29;  —  (German,  1;  Palisades,  11;  Ramapo,  »'; 
Ridgebury,  1;  Union  ville,  l;  Washlngtonvflle  1st,  12; 
West  Town,  6;  Congers,  1.  Lono  /«land— BeUport,  5; 
East  Hampton,  16;  Port  Jefferson,  11  88;  Sag  Harbor,  35; 
Selden.  1:  South  Haven.  8;  Yaphank.  3.  ZfVon*— Palmyra, 
5  77;  Wolcott  1st  Y.  P.  S.  C  E.,  1  85.  ^aJlsau— Astoria, 
A;  Glen  Wood,  2;  Newtown.  20;  Northport.  1:  Smithtown, 
13  22.  New  Forfc-New  York  1st,  1.62S  21:  —  7th.  6;  — 
5th  Avenue.  2.581  85;  —  l^th  Street  (S.  S.  M.  S.),  ISS:  — 
Bethany  (sabsch,  6;  Ch.  2;)  7;  —  French  Evangelical,  6; 

—  Harlem,  66 17;  —  Mount  Washington,  38  60;  —  Park, 
48  02;  —  Puritans,  20  68;  —  Sea  and  Land,  6;  —  Tremont, 
10:  —  Washington  Heiirhts,  84;  —  West  End,  37  41;  — 
Zion  German.  4;  —  Mt.  Tabor,  L  iViffl^ra— Albion.  11 60; 
Medina,  10;  Youngstown,  3.  North  River— Cold  Spring. 
6;  Pleasant  Valley,  10.  Otaego— Delhi  Ist,  33;  —  3d,  40; 
Hobart,  6  51.  Rochpster—AYOD.  Centnu,  8;  Brighton, 
10  77;  Caledonia,  10  75;  Groveland,  7;  Lima  sab-sch.  2  62; 
Moscow,  2;  Ogden  Central.  78  cts.;  Rochester  lat,  116  OS; 

—  Calvary,  8;  —  CentraL  21;  —  Emmanuel,  1  41;  —  Mem- 
orial Per  C.  P.  Colt,  45;  Springwater,  2;  Wheatland,  8.  8t. 
Xairrence— Adams  (sab-sch,  6)  6;  Cape  Vincent.  S;  Dex- 
ter, %  Morristown,  8  04;  Oswegatchie  Ist,  10;  Saekett*s 


1892.] 


Ireedmen. 


96 


Harbor(Capt.  A.  B.  MacOowan).  10.  iVe«6etj— Andover, 
2  7U;  Arkport,  66  cts.;  Bath,  2i;  Coraing,  4  81 ;  Cuba, 
16  etf;  UammondBport,  4;  Piiltney.  6.  8yracu9e'^Ba\A- 
wlnsrUld.  7;  CazenoTia.  10  \i\  FultoD,  8;  HaDnlbal,  in; 
Jamesville,  2:  Jordan,  2;  Marcellus.  1^;  Oswego  1st,  2)  bl; 

—  Grace,  2;  14;  Skaneateles.  12  48;  Syracuse  Ut,  45  91; 
White  Law,  2  Troy— Ck>hoee,  2:;  tTort  Edward,  60  cts  ; 
Green  Island,  19  OP;  Hebron,  1:  Malta,  4;  Melrose,  1  10; 
Plltstown,  2;  Bandy  Hill,  44;  Schafticoke,  8;  Troy  1st, 
HI  03:  —  Oakwood  ATonue,  11 46:  Waterford,  tf  51.  Utica 
— LHtie  Falls,  C;  Lowville,  7;  Mt.  Vernon,  4;  Oneida 
Castle,  Oochran  Memorial,  10;  Turin  sab-sch,  76  cts.; 
Utica  Olivet,  8;  Wolcott  Memorial,  14.  WegtchMter—Cro- 
ton  FallF,  i>;  Darien,  10;  Hartford,  12:  Mt.  Kifwx),  6;  Pleas- 
antville,  8;  Port  Chester,  5;  Sing  Sing,  7  60;  South  East, 
7;  Stamford,  SI  86;  ThompeonviUe,  88  25;  Yonkers  Day- 
spring,  1. 

North  Dakota.— B(«marcfc— Bismarck,  per  Jas.  M. 
Anderson,  6;  Mandan,  4  15.  ^aivo— Fargo,  10;  Sheldon, 
7.    i^m^ino^Arvalla,  4  50:  Emerado,  7  i2. 

Ohio.— ^t/icn«— Athens  Bab^sch,  5;  Bashan,  1;  GalUpolis, 
5;  Marietta  4th  Street,  6  66:  Nnlsenville,  11  94.  Belief  on- 
totne— Bellefontaine,  8  91;  Forest,  4;  Gallon,  10;  Rush- 
nylyania,  2.  C^tliioot^— BoumeviUe.  8;  Chillicothe  1st, 
21  66;  —  8d.  2;  Concord,  1;  Greenfield  Men's  Soc'y,  18  40; 
HiUsboro,  2^  C2;  New  Petersburgh,  2S.  Oincinnati'^ 
Cincinnati  Ist,  27:  —  7th  sab  sch,  2):  —  Ist  German,  5;  — 
21  German,  2:  —  Walnut  Hills.  216  40:  Elmwood,2;  Lore- 
land,  1261;  Jfontgomery,  18  75;  Morrow.  5;  New  Rich- 
mond, 2;  Pleasant  Run,  2;  Somerset  (sab  sch,  2),  8; 
WiUiamsburgh  sab-sch,  2:  Wyoming  sab-sch,  2'S;  North 
Church.  10.    CZevetond— Cleveland  Ist,  110:  —  2d,  106  60: 

—  Beckw^ith,  S;  —  Case  Avenue.  20;  —  Euclid  Avenue,  71; 

—  Miles  Park,  8;  ^  North  sab-ech,  10;  —  WoodlaAd  Ave- 
nue, 125;  Milton  sab-sch,  1 ;  Cleveland  Calvary,  20;  Parma, 
4:  South  New  Lyme.  8.  Ocrfum^iM— Circleville  sab-sch, 
10;  Columbus  6th  Avenue,  6:  —  Broad  Street,  6  60;  — 
Westminster,  9  48.  Davtofi— Dayton  8d  Street,  577;  — 
Park.  27  97:  saton,  4;  Ebenezer,  1  80:  Franklin,  8;  Jack- 
sonbutvh,  4;  New  Carlisle,  9:  New  Jersey,  1  80;  Seven 
Mile,  6  89;  Somerville,  8:  New  Plains,  8.  Huron— Fostoria, 
6;  Fremont,  80;  Norwalk,  27  07.  Lima— Delphos,  2;  Find- 
lay.  63;  Uma  Main  Street,  2  45:  North  Baltimore.  1; 
Ottawa,  4;  Van  Wert,  12.  Ma^on<?»ff~Beloit,  1  5);  Can- 
fleld,  5;  East  Palestine,  8;  Mineral  Ridge,  8;  North  Benton, 
5;  Sflklem,  18:  Warren,  7  59.  Jlarion— Delaware.  21;  Iberia, 
H:  Marlon,  6;  Mount  Gilead,  8  81.  lfaum«e— Defiance, 
11  85;  Delta,  8:  Eagle  Creek,  1:  Montpelier,  1;  Mount 
Halem.  8;  Paulding,  2:  Toledo  Ist  German,  1:  West  Unity, 
2  i\>r/nnou</i— JacKson,  9  97;  Portsmouth  German,  4; 
Winchester.  2.  St.  ClairmHUe-BeWBire  l<«t,  8:  Bethel,  5; 
Buchanan,  1  06:   Cadiz,  II;   Cambridge,  10;   New  Castle, 

1  66;  Woodsfleld,  1  68.  StevbenyjiUe  —  Amsterdam.  10; 
Beech  Spring.  9;  Bloomflekl.  2:  Buchanan  Chapel,  10; 
Cross  Creek;  8:  Dennlson,  5;  Harlem,  10;  Island  Creek,  1; 
Linton.  2 15;  New  Philadelphia  (salvwsh,  2).  8;  Oak  Ridge, 
2;  Richmond  church  and  sab  sch,  5  IP;  Ridge,  2;  Saline- 
ville.  8;  Sceubenville  2d  21 48;  —  Old  8d  2;  Warnesburgh, 
6.  YFoo«fer— Canal  Fulton,  4;  Orange.  7.  zane»viUe — 
Coshocton,  lA;  Jefferson.  8;  Keene,  4  75;  Madison,  20  80; 
Mt.  Vernon,  12  81;  New  Concord,  1;  Norwich,  1;  Pataskala, 
8;  Warsaw,  2. 

pAoiFio.—J?enfcia— Areata,  5;  Big  Valley,  2:  Kelsey- 
ville,  5;  Lakeport,  9;  Napa,  15;  Pefaluma,  8;  Shiloh,  1. 
Lo»  /Inoe/es— Azusa.  0;  Hueneme,  25;  Los  Angeles  Span- 
ish, 2;  Monrovia.  75  cts;  Rivera.  8;  Santa  Barbara,  10; 
Santa  Monica,  1  20;  Tustin,  4  80;  San  Gabriel,  1;  Palms,  8. 
Socramento- Colusa.  S;  Davisville.  2;  Red  Bluff,  1;  Sac- 
ramento Itth  Street.  8  25.  San  Francisco— Danville,  4; 
San  Francisco  Trinity,  10  87;  —  Westminster,  89  85. 
San  JoM— Milpitas.  2;  Santa  Crux.  5;  Watsonville,  8. 
5tocJ(:foi»— Bethel,  2;  Oakdale,  1;  Sonora,  2;  Visalla,  1; 
Memorial.  2. 

PBmcsTLVAinA.—.^Ueflr/ieiiy— Allegheny  1st  German,  588; 

—  Bethel.  1;  —Central (sab-sch,  15), 50;  Beaver,  25;  Bridge- 
water  sab-sch,  18;  Emsworth  sab-sch  asso*n.  P;  Fairmount, 

2  26;  Leetsdale  sab^ch.  in  72;  Mlllvale.  13  14;  Pine  Creek 
Ist,  10;  Sharpeburgh.  19  5  ;  Springdale.  8;  Vanport.  8. 
J?/airsv<Uc— Beulah,  18  75;  Blairsvllle,  C2  75;  Derry,  14  23: 
Ebenshurgh,  6  05;  MurrysvIUe,  5;  New  Alexandria,  2)  88; 
Penn,  1;  Plum  Creek,  12;  Salem,  7  74;  Turtle  Creek,  8  02; 
Union.  2  07;  Kerr,  2.  Bu«er— Amity,  8;  Fairview,  1;  Grove 
City.lS17:  Martinsburg.  2:  Middlesex  (sab-sch,  8),  12;  North 
Butler,  9;  Petrolia.  1;  Princeton,  9.  OaWuIe— Chambers- 
burgh  Central,  6  22;— Falling  Spring.20:  Dauphin,  2;  Dick- 
inson. 2;  Duncannon,  1^;  G>^een  Castle,  5  22;  Harrisburgh 
Elder  Street,  2;  —  Market  Square,  105  06;  Mercersbur^, 
19  86;  Petersburg.  2;  Shermansdale.  8  11;  Waynesboro, 
8  22;  Lebanon  Christ  66;  Harrisburgh  Olivet,  5  Chester 
—Chester  Ist,  12;  Calvazr  sab-sch  of  Rutledge,  5;  Media, 
8  70:  New  London.  16;  PhoenixviUe.  4:  Ridley  Park,  7; 
West  Chester  2d.  1.  CIoHon— Brookville.  IP;  Elkton,  2: 
Leatherwood,  10;  Maysvllle,  2  18;  New  Bethlehem,  12; 


Punxsutawney.  4  86;  Reynoldsville,  1;  Richland.  1  78; 
Ruckland.  2  i5;  Wilcox,  jt6  cts;  Johnsonburg,  80  cts. 
AV/e— Atlantic,  1  60;  Concord,  1;  Conneautville,  6;  Erie 
Central.  55;  Geoi^getown.  1:  Hadiey,  1  50;  Mercer  1st,  20; 

—  2d,  15;  New  Lebanon,  2;  Sugar  Grove,  2;  Union,  10  86; 
Warren,  1L3  19;  Waterloo,  1.  ifunftnodon— Altoona  2d, 
40;  Bald  Eagle,  8;  Birmingham,  15;  Cosiport.  8;  Curweus- 
ville,  13  8>;  East  Kishacoquillas,  5:  Everett,  1;  Fruit  Hill 
(sab-sch,  1),  2:  Irvona,  6;  Little  Valley,  5;  Lower  Spruce 
Creek.  9;  Mcveytown.  5  60;  Mann's  Choice,  1;  Mifflmtown 
Westminster  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  11 25;  Milroy.  2;  Phillpsburgh, 
10;  Pine  Grove  Mills  sab-sch,  51  cts;  Port  Royal,  6;  Saxton, 
1;  Shellsburgh,  1;  Upper  Tuscarora,  4.  Kittanning—Kir 
wood,  1;  Bethel,  8;  Bethesda.  4:  Centre  (Sustentation,  2). 
8;  Crooked  Creek,  1;  Currie's  Run  (Sustentation),  It; 
Gilgal,  8;  Glade  Run,  15;  Harmony.  8;  Homer,  5  40;  Jack- 
sonville. 1*^;  LeechbuTigh  (sab-sch,  10),  20;  Mount  Pleasant. 
2;  Rockbrioge.  2,  Saltsburgh,  (sab-sch,  20,  Sunbeam  Miss. 
Band,  40),  76  86;  Washington  sab  sch,  4;  West  Lebanon. 
2.  Lacmxioanna— Bennett,  8;  Brooklyn,  5;  Csaton,  11  62; 
Franklin,  1;  Honesdale,  estate  of  Stephen  Torry,  IHO; 
Kingston,  14  92;  Monroeton,  2;  Montrose  (sab-sch,  15), 
85;  Mountain  Top  2;  Orwell.  1 15;  Pittston  (sab-sch.  7  90), 
16  02;  Scott.  1;  Scranton  Washburn  Street,  25;  Sugar 
Notch,  2;  West  Pittston,  63;  Wyaluf>hig  1st,  6;  Grant 
Street,  12  5').  Lehigh  —  Allentown,  82;  Audenreld,  29; 
CJatasauqua  l<«t,  10  86;  Easton  1st,  16;  —  Olivet  sab-sch,  9; 
Lock  Ridge,  5;  Port  Carbon,  5;  Portland,  2:  Shawnee  (sab- 
sch,  1  61,  C.  £.  Soc'y,  8  493,  P;  Saenandoah,  6;  South 
Bethlehem,  10  4^;  Summit  Hill  (sab-sch,  8  86),  5  96;  Upper 
Mount  Bethel,  1;  Weatherly,  10;  Jamestown  sal>«cn,  55 
cts.  iVbrt/ium^rlancf—Beech  Creek,  1;  Berwick  sab-sch, 
5;  Briar  Creek,  1;  Buffalo,  5;  Grove,  65;  Montoiirsville.  8; 
Mount  Carmel,  9  64;  Orangevllle,  6;  Pennsdale,  1;  Shamo- 
kln,  7  48;  Shiloh,  2;  Sunbury,  80;  Trout  Run,  1;  Wllllams- 
T)ort  1st  (sib-wh,  25),  85.  />/«tio^^'pft/0— Philadelnhia  Ist, 
5;  —  lOtb,  480  25;  —  Calvarv,  215  32;  —  South  Western, 
6  45;  —  Tabernacle,  840;  —  Walnut  Street,  129  15.  Pkila- 
delphia  Central— Philadelphia  Arch  Street,  1:5  81;  — 
Beacon,  10;  —  Bethlehem,  21;  —  Central,  89  70;  —  Cohock- 
sink  sab-sch,  17  50;  —  North,  11  12;  —  Northern  Liberties 
1st,  11  79;  —  Patterson  Memorial,  11;  —  Susquehanna,  15; 

—  Trinity,  21  62;  -  West  Park,  10.  Philadelphia  North 
—Chestnut  Hill,  88;  Frankford,  14  88;  Germantown  IsT, 
12;  —  Market  Square,  88  81;  Manayunk,  20:  Thompson 
Memorial  (N.  H.  Chapel,  6  60),  12  60;  Lawndale,  1;  Car- 
mel, 2;  Wissinoming,  4;  Lovertville,  5;  Macalester,  2  59. 
Pittsburgh— Amity,  1 1  Chart lers,  7  5U;  Crafton  sab-sch,  8; 
Haslewood  sab-sch,  6  57;  Knoxville,  6  25;  Lebanon,  10; 
Monongahela  City.  25;  Mount  Carmel,  1;  North  Branch, 
2  21;  Oakdale  L.  H.  and  F.  M.  Soc'y,  14  86;  PhUlipsburg, 
2  89;  Pittsburgh  Ist  sab-sch.  6;  —  2d,  6  56;  —8d,  60;  —  6tb, 
7 10;  —  7th.  8  65;  —  BeUefleld,  19  05;  —  Central,  8;  -  East 
Liberty  (sab-sch,  119  77),  802  81;  —  Park  Avenue,  80;  — 
Shady  Side,  6(  8(';  Point  Breeze,  800;  RIverdale,  I;  Valley, 
8:  West  Elizabeth,  8;  Church  of  the  Covenant,  5  50;  Con- 
cord, 5  Bedstone— DwilKD^s  Cre^,  12;  Fayetto  (3ity,  1; 
Leisenring,  8  8^;  Mount  Plessant,  28;  —  Reunion,  18  1^;  ■ 
Sewickley,6;  Suterville,  2.  ^Aftiango— Beaver  Falls,  15; 
Enon,  5;  New  Castle  1st.  1U9  59;Pulaski  T.  L.  M.  Band.  8; 
Sharon,  12;  Unity,  W.  W.,  6:  Weatfleld  (Anxious,  4,  W. 
B.,  5),  14;  West  Middlesex,  7  53.  Wdshington-A\Um 
Grove.  2;  Cross  Creek,  88  40;  Cross  Roads,  6;  Forks  of 
Wheeling,  88;  Lower  Ten  Mile,  2;  Moundsville,  12  40; 
New  Cumberland,  20;  Washington  2d,  26;  Waynesburgh, 
6:  West  Liberty,  8;  Wheeling  ad,  21  76LWolf  Run,  1. 
IFellsboro— Antrim,  1;  Beecher  Island,  2;  Wellsboro,  8  58. 
WM^mt'ntfcr- Chancefordf  14  78;  Donegal.  8;  Lancaster 
1st,  21;  Little  Britain,  10:  New  Harmony,  2  85;  Slate  Ridge, 
6;  Strasbuivh,  8;  York  1st,  84 13;  —  Calvary,  16  50.  West 
Virginia— QraftOD^  5;  Moivantown,  6;  Parkersburgh  Ist, 
5;  Ravmswood,  2;  Sugar  Gfrove,  2. 

South  Dakota.— .4o«rdeen— Aberdeen  W.  M.  Soc.,  10; 
Britton,  4:  Groton,  8;  Leola,  2;  Pembroke,  1.  Black  Hills 
—Rapid  City,  10.  Cintral  Dakota-MUler,  1  50;  Pierre,  2; 
St.  Lawrence,  L  Da feo^a— Ascension.  1;  Good  Will  (Rev. 
M.  V.  Adams,  2  60)  8  60.  Southern  DaJbo^a— Canton,  2  50; 
Parker,  12;  Scotland,  4  80;  White  Lake,  1;  Turner,  Ist 
German,  5. 

Tennbsskv.— Hbbf on— Greenville,  81;  .Tonesboro,  4; 
Jonesville,  6;  Mount  Olivet,  1;  St.  Marks,  4;  Salem,  99  cts; 
Bethsada,  L  Kingston— BetheU  1-  CTnion  —  Baker's 
Creek,  1:  Cloyd's  Creek,  1;  Knoxville  4th,  14  60;  Mt.  Zion, 
1;  New  Market,  4;  Rockford,  1, 

Texas.— iVortA  TVomu— Henrietta,  8;  Wichita  Falls,  1. 
Trinity— Baird,  1;  Terrell,  2  50;  Dallas  Exposition  Park,  1. 

Utah.— Ifon^Tta- BozemaD,83.  U/a^i— American  Fork, 
1  10;  Ephraim,  1:  Hynim,  Emanuel,  80  cts;  Logan,  Brick, 
1;  Manti,  8:  NAphi,l;  Smithfleld.  Central,  1:  Springville, 
5:  Mendon,  2;  Salem  Mission,  1  25;  Gunnison  Mission,  1  26. 
Wood  Biver—CaAdwell  1 

Wisconsin.— CAippeiMi— Phillips  sab-sch,  4  60;  West  Su- 
perior, 5.    La  CroMe— La  Crosse  1st  sab  sen,  1  81;  Green- 


96 


Freedmen. 


[Ju/jfi 


wood,L  Lake  S^p«rior— Escanaba,  10;  iRtapeming,  10  b\ 
ifoduon— Brodhead,  2;  Oottafre  Grove,  2;  JoDesvUle,  13; 
Poynette,  7  44;  Reedsburgb,  13.  Mihoaukee— Alto  Hol- 
land, 1 ;  Oedar  Grove  W.  M.  S.,  6;  Manitowoc,  2:  Milwau- 
kee, Grace,  8;  Oostburg,  8;  Ottawa,  Si  ct«;  Milwaukee, 
Westminster,  8  60;  Racine,  <6.  ir»nn«6a^o-Depere,  4; 
Fond  du  Lac,  6;  Fort  Howard,  2;  Marshfteld,  8. 


t2l,';96  25 


MI80BLLANB0U8. 


Woman's  Executive    Committee    for  March, 
19,019  9;,*  Reported  by  Dr.  J.  J.  Francis  for 

Faith  Hall Rev.  Frederick  Campbell,  Chi- 

caep,Ill ,  1;  R.  B.  Mason,  Chicago,  UK,  6;  C. 
B.  Griffin,  Charleston,  III.,  IC;  Thomas  D.  Fos- 
ter, Ottumwa,  la.,  IC;  EUsha  Taylor,  Detroit, 
6;  Rev.  R.  Taylor,  D.D.,  Beverly,  N.  J.,  25; 
Rev.  C.  H.  Fenn,  Towanda,  N.  Y.,  IC;  Central 
Pree.  Church,  Haverstraw,  IC;  Qulque  sab- 
sch,  WesthamptoD,  N.  Y.,  8  60;  Andrew  Rod- 
f?er,  Hanunona,  N.  Y.,  5;  Wm.  D.  McCann, 
Middleburg,  Pa.,  1;  Miss  C  C.  Thompson, 
Birmingham,  Pa.,  1;  Miss  Nancy  Thompson, 
Birmingham,  Pa.,  l;  Rev.K.  Craighead,  D.D., 
MeMdviUe,  Pa.,  6;  ^'Cash,''  Mauch  Chunk,  Pa.. 
&  Mrp.  S.  J.  Voucher,  Philadelphia,  Pa.,  1< ; 
Norriton  and  Lower  Prov.  Church,  Pa.,  2; 
Mrs.  Sarah  E.  Calhoun,  Connellsville,  Pa.,  10(: 
"A.  J.  C"  Buffalo,  Pa.,  6;  W.  F.  White,  Terra 

Alta,  W.  Va..  7 J.  L.  Janewar,  N.  Y.,  2(X; 

MissC.  Van  Voorhip,  N.  Y.,  1;  J.  D.  Thompson, 
E.  Los  An^es,  Cal.,  50( :  B.  F.  FeU,  Galenn, 
III.,  10(;  Mrs.  John  Hunt,  Chester,  S.  C.  9  85; 
J.  FarM)np,  Kalaroazoo,  Mich.,  45  32;  J.  W . 
Allen,  St.  Louifi,  Mo.,  15;  "Two  Friends,"  New 
Haven,  Conn.,  10;  *'A  Friend,  Glendale,  O.,  2; 
D.  W.  i  ooper  and  wife,  McComb,  O.,  40;  S. 
P.  Harbison,  Allegheny,  Ps.,  100:  Rev.  Jos. 
Kerr,  Chicago.  Illinois,  1(V ;  Lewis  McKenna, 
Alexandria.  Va.,  1( ;  J.  Mclndoe,  N.  Y.,  IOC; 
John  W.  Adamfi.  Ind.,  l;  "A  Widow,"  Jasper, 
CDolo.,  8;  Rufus  S.  Green,  N.  J.,  4  9C ;  Jos.  D. 
Smith,  Delhi,  Pa.,  1;  H.  Nuquet,  Hazleton, la., 
1  9C;  Kate  L.  Dorsey,  Indianapolis,  Ind.,  6; 
Peter  Carter,  N.  Y.,  6;  "Anglica,"  per  ChHa- 
Han  Steward,  1  7\ ;  Re^ :  Luke  Dorland,  Hot 
Springs,  N.  C.,  ?;  Anna  V.  Peebles,  Roanoke, 
Va.,  IC;  E.  C.  Wykoff,  Mt.  Joy,  Pa.,  3  ;  R.  M. 
Ely,  Neosho,  Kan.,  2;  Mrp.  Henry  HavF,  5(i; 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  M.  B.  Rowan.  Butler,  Pa.,  6; 
Mrs.  A.  A.  Scott,  Dulutb,  8  55;   Lakeside  M. 
S.,  2.;;  Robert  Houston,  OUvebur?,  O.,  10(; 
Samuel  B.  Shiffeloin,  3C;  Mrp.  Kate  Swingley, 
St.  Louip,  Mo.,  16;  Harris sab-sch.  Ga.,  5;  Rev. 
Ellas  R'ggK,  D.D.,  Constantinople,  Tur.,  50; 
Rev.  W.  V.  Couch,  San  Diego,  Cal.,  1;  Newton 
Hamilton,  Miffiin  Co.,  Pa.,  1 ;   "A  Believer  in 
Missions,"  Pittsburg,  Pa.,  6X;  Mrs.  F.  Rom- 
ero, Santa  Fe,  N.  M  ,  60  cts;  Rev.  W,  S.  Tar- 
bet  and  wife.  Springfield,  2  40;  *'C,"  Pennn., 
f-':  J.  Hollemd,  Bonner's  Ferry,  Idaho,  1  25; 
Mrs.  M.  J.  Bingley  and  daughter,  1;  'Tithe- 
Paver,"  50  ctt;  Rev.  E.  M.  McDowell,  Persia, 
1  25;  Rev.  C.  McVee,  Frederickstown    O.,  7; 
Miss  Mollie  Clements,  Antonitic,  Col.,  5;  Rev. 
H.  P.  Scholl,  Big  Flats,  N.  Y.,  8;  Rev.  "R.  M. 
H.,"  1;  *'H.  T.  F.,"  5. 

Estate  of  Rev.  D.  C.  Reed,  New  Castle,  Pa., 
dec'd,  2,8rC;  Alice  H.  Lowrv.  dec'd,  65;  Mary 
Kerr's  Estate,  N.  Y.,  14  5«;  Robert  Sloan, 
dec'd,  Washington  Co.,  Pa..  664  7C;  dividend 
on  4  per  c^nt.  U.  S.  Bonds,  01. 

Total  MisoeUaneous $21,532  04 

niRECTS. 

Sent  to  D.  J.  Sanders,  for  Biddle  University:— 
Samuel  B.  Turner,  Iowa  CJity,  la.,  21:  R.  S. 
Nichols,  Butler,  Pa.,  50;  George  Harris  and 
Sons,  Phila.,  Pa.,  l.OOC;  Mrs.  A.  C.  Brown, 
New  York  City,  N.  Y.,  IOC;  Pres.  Church, 
Warren,  Pa.,  44;  Miss  A.  Walworth,  Cleve- 
land, O.,  5C;  J.  T.  Turner,  Iowa  City,  la.,  2'; 
S.  T.  Carter,  Hundingdon,  N.  Y.,  50;  L.  M.  S. 
Ontral  Pres.  Church.  Summit,  N.  J,  9C ;  Mrs. 
Henry  J.  Biddle,  Phila.,  Pa.,  80C;  The  John 
F.  Slater  Fund,  60C;  Dr.  Backu?,  Schenec- 
tady, N.  Y.,  30;  Rev.  O.  O.  Singe,  Plainwell, 
Mich.,  6;  Central  Pres.  Church,  Haverstraw, 
N.  Y.,  10.  Per  Rev.  Dr.  Freeman:— W.  D. 
Schoomaker,   Troy,  N.   Y.,  60;  S.    S.    Ist 


Church,  Waterfonl,  N.  Y ,  25;  Washington 
sabsch,  Pa.,  2);  Per  Johnson  Cktntingent 
Fund,  19  2^1;  Int    Va.  BondF,  81 ;  Bal.  from 

Prof.  Hutchison,  W 

Sent  to  D.  J.  SatterHeld,  For  Scotia:— Mrs.  Grif- 
fith's Bible  Class,  South  Church  sab-sch, 
Phila ,  Pa..  If;  Montclair,  N.  J,  Ist  Church  . 
sab-sch,     lOi;     Bethany     sab-sch,     Phila., 
Pa.,  4.^:    Mission  Band,  Milwaukee,   Wis.. 
22  50;  Miss  Hattie  M.  Ashley.  Rochester,  N. 
Y.,  10;  SUter  Fund,  218  88:  Sunshine  Band, 
Holland  Rilent,  N.  Y..  10;  Walter  McQueen, 
Schenectady,  N.  Y.,  2W;  Mrs.  John  Scott, 
Phila,  Pa,  2;    Alumnae  and    Students  of 
Scoti0,22);  K.  S.  P.,  per  Presbyterian,  10; 
Rev.  C.  S.  West,  Sumpter,  S.  C ,  7;  Mrs.  T. 
C.  Conwav,  Rochester,  N.  Y.,  2J-   Ikiquest 
Duncan  Mackay,  2,000:  Pulaski,  Pa ,  10:  E. 
R.  Ellis,  Cookvifle,  lU  ,10;  Mrs.  H.  L.  Moss, 
St.  Paul,  Minn.,  80:  Rev.  D.  Stuart  Dodg, 
2K):  Mrs.  W.   E.   Dodg,  Sr.,  100;  H.  M.   S  , 
Troy,  N.  Y.,  20;  H.  M.  S.,  Madison  N.  Y.,  80; 
Avalor,  Pa.,  Girls  Band,  15;  H.  P.  Perkinf, 
Cleveland,  0, 10;  Miss  Alice  L.  Gray,  22  50. . 
Sent  to  S.  S.  Sevier,  for  Albion  Academy:— 
Rev.  Dr  R.  and  P.  VaiPs  Church,  450;  Rev. 
Mien  P.  Draper's  Church,  50;  Rev.    Dr.  C. 
Earle's  Church,  Catasaqua.  Pa.,  %:  Y.  P.  S. 
V.  E.  Oxford  Street  CSiurch,  Phila.,  Pa.,  25; 
Mrs.  David  R.  Breed,  10;  Rev.  Dr.  J.  Aspin- 

wall  Hodge.  0 

Sf^nt  to  S.  Loomis,  for  Brainard:— From 
Springfield,  O.,  1£:  From  Slater  Fund,  383  88; 
First  Church  L.  M.  S.,  Toledo,  C,  5:  Greens- 
burg,  Pa.,  sab-sch  Missior,  2 J;  From  Slater 
Fund,  388  33;  Warsaw,  Wisconsin,  3  50;  Per 
Miss  Marquis,  lO:  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  Ut  Pres. 
Church,  Duluth,  Minn.,  2">;  Miss  Hattie  Car- 
ter, t;  Mrs.  Logan,  Greensburgh,  Pa.,  If;  A. 
R.  P.  Church,  5;  Gtenesee  Pree.  sab-sch,  Per 
H.  A.  Green,85;  H.  A.  Green,  80  5(;  Dulutb, 

2) 

Sent  to  E.  W. Williams,  for Feriniaon  Academy: 
—W.  M.  S  of  South  Third  Street  Church, 
Brooklyn,  N.  Y.,  22;  W.  M.  S.  of  5th  Pres. 
Church,  Brooklyn,  N.  Y.,  18;  Presbyterian 
Church,  Hanover,  N.  J.,  60;  New  York  Ave. 
Washington,  D.  C,  6C;  Presbyterian  Church, 
Madison,  N.  J.,  50;  Rev.  D.  W.  Poor,  D.  D  , 
5;  Rev.  Jos.  G.  Craighead,  D.  D.,  6;  West- 
minster Pref.  Church,  Brooklyn,  N.   Y.,  4i; 

Rev.  S.  W.  Doro,  5 

Sent  to  Graham  C  Campbell,  for  Burkville:— 
Merriam  sab-sch,  St.  Paul,  Minn.,  20;  Mrs. 
Henry  M.  Butler,  Indiananolip,  Ind.,  6( ;  Mrs. 
C.  E.  Oakley,  Buffalo,  Minn.,  2;  Through 
Mrs.  M.  E.  Fister,  12;  Proceeds  of  Lecture  at 
Amelia,  C.  H.  Va.,2i  84;  Proceeds  of  Lecture 
at  Jetesaville,  Vs.,  ^ ;  Proceeds  of  Lecture  at 
Albright  Cliurcb,  Va..  1( ;  Proceeds  of  Lec- 
ture at  Nottoway,  C.  H.  Va.,  6;  From  sale  of 

second-hand  olothicg  for  men,  48  88 ... 

Sent  to  F.  C  Potter,  for  Cotton  Plant:- St u- 
<lents,  84;  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E  ,  Eoglewood,  111..  16. . 


2,523  83 


?,l<2  33 


577  00 


850  66 


215  00 


99  00 


111.,  45;  Sab-sch  Immanuel  Church,  Milwau- 
kee, 45;  Ladies'  Bible  class,  Evanston.  111.,  6' ; 
Ladies'  Bible  class.  Evanston,  111 ,  6C:  Path- 
finders, Philadelphia,  Pa.,  46;  Sab-sch  Rose- 
ville  Newark,  N.  J.,  5{;   Misses  Mabel  and 

Norma  Pepper,  Aledo,  III ,  <5:  Kearney,  Neb. .         

25;  Sab-sch  Maticeete,  Ind.,  8 336  25 

Sent  to  Miss  Lanf^y,  at  Haines  School.  Augusts, 
Ga.:-Mrs.  S.  P.  Harbisor,2C;  Mrs.  Gregg, 
Crawfortlsville,  Ind.,  5 ,^^5? 

A  friend  of  the  Board,  for  clerk  hire luO  CO 

Total  directs  for  March $    8,116'^ 

Total  receipts  for  March 61,474  33 

Previously  reported 11?,5S6  3 J 

Total  receipts  to  date f  1:2.060  '.1 

Receipts  during  corresponding  period  of  last 
vear  .......••••• ...............••••••••••  I5w,vi B  13 

Increase %  1^»*  2  bi 

J.  T.  Gibson,  Treasurer. 


1892.]                               Fre&ifMn — CoU^ee  and  Academies.  97 

RBGEIPTS  FOR  FBEEUHEN.  APRIIi.  1893. 

ATLkmo.—  AlltiUic  —  Baieaii,    B.    McCUaaiid  —  Fklr  Obio.— OUWcMilt  -Bogota,  t;  Franklbn,  8.    dndiuMH 

t^onri,!;  AllCD't  Cluip«I,  3.                                             8  DO  -iMml  Hill,*:  Harlwall,  1    StaftroDTlltt.  3.    Columbut— 

Bt-UmtoBM.- Ballimorr-  SpBiTow>jPolDt,X  Kne  Cailti  Sflloto,  X.    Dofton- CoUiasnlle  i;  Waj'ne  At«  .  11,      Mo- 

— DtmwjBr'B,  1.                                                                   !  00  Son  ny— LiMiontu,  t;  Tlenn*.  2.  St.  CMrnHUt-  Klrkwood, 

Oatiwbi CofM  fVoi^-T.  D.  Ohapel,  1.    radMn-PlU>-  T  BO     StnViurUfo  -  Bacoa  Bidfm,  T  tO;  Centre,  UnUy.  1. 

bnrgli,  1.                                                                              3  00  ZSntnrtUe-  Ne«uk  Id,  6.                                                Bfi  W 

Colorado. -BouldfT—'V&l moat,                                  0  1ft  FAdTia--  Bnilc<a~BlK  Vkllaj.  i;  Mendocino.  JC.    Lot 

CoLDMBi*.— i™i«iK««-All«or,  4j  Woodlmdjl.    TOO  JujeJej— Coronado  BWFi,  araham  Memorlftl,  11  48   l.oa 

IIXINOU.—Difro- Ulnar.  2;   Blobland.  1  10,    Ctlcafs—  Anitclo  Id,  b  &b  n-onciiro- Brooklyn,  lliQolden  Okie. 

AbiUd,!;  ChloBfomiJmTnaiul;    -  lOth,  i    Pollman,  *,  8.    SanJoii-  San  JoBosd.  li,    Slocklon -Frteao.  6.    70  4S 

JlartoM— Noon,  e.  Ottoua  -  Roohclle,  10.   harla-Peorla  I'cnneTLVAi'iA —J/rnAiuu- Natrona,   4.    BMmrffJt-. 

1M,   a  IS,    Jtoc*   Bwr— 0»l»»ry,   1;    Coal  Valley,  i  68,  Pleamnt  QrofB,  4     Bu/fcr-Ollntflnvme.  4    Kehoboth.  1. 

8(4Mv/<r-QllBgton   Memorial,     a;     Now   Salem.    1  M.  anrion    BIk  Run.  1;  OreenTllle,  B,  Sllgo,  3.    fiuvltnodon 

SpHaafU-^ltamjTina,  W  oli!  PliRkk,  in.             89  OT  -  Bedfttrd.  H;  Benlah,  T6  oU;  DunaanBrllle  2:  Gib«a  Us- 

iBDlaaa,— HKcniiui— Bnill,  I;  PolaDd.S;  VInoennw.  morlal.  I;  Shlrloyeburgn.B,     Kfliannln;    CtierrT  Rdd.  1. 

IS  U.                                                                                  «  U  Loftowanu-  Dunmare.l;  Nsntoo  1-  Plalaa.li  INymollUi, 

Imiiir  Tbrbitobt.- CkMtov— Per  MIn  BarttOrd,  «fi;  10;    Home,  li  SklBkahlnny.  h  Tankhannook.  1;   Wilkes 

Per  Hn.  H.  £.  Cr  we.  K.                                               U  06  Barre  Uemorlal.  to  81.    L^UA  -l^maqna  (pab  nh  3),  0; 

Iowa  — JoiK-BiirllaBloalit,  S  BO:   WlDfleld.  1.    Sfoti*  Upper  IjOblsb,  3.     JtorlAuiiAertaad  —  Chllliiqaaqae.  Si 

CU*    UnlDDTaiTnBtalpI;hDmh.l.                                   ftM  Monbionii^,  4.    ni'radt/pMa -Philadelphia  Id,  4?  M; — 

KAKBIB.- Emporia- Wlohlta  Oak  Straet,!;  —Parking,  Mh,  «0;  -  anee.t.  naiidt^hia  fforU -ll^1llD■daDTal■ 
3.    ififUand— Axtol.  «  U.                                                V  It  ley.  *:  Ldwar  Merlon.  3;  PUtlburaK-FMUbaTA  Rth.  &; 

KBXTUOST.-£&nKnr~M^tTllle,  18  It;  Uurphyarllle,  —Park  Areoue,  10;--  Shady  Side,  33  76,      Rritl<mt— 

1                                                                                          14  IB  BrowDBTllle.  3)  Oeorge'i  (.Treek.  Old  Frame,  3  M.     ITaiK- 

MlOHIO*»,-Dflnii/  — Detroit   MemoHal,   11.    GrBnil  (tifflon-TJnlty,  1;   Waahington  Ht.  9l  W,     fVatmijuler- 

lUirid>-l0D<a,6U,                                                         20  23  PeQuaa.B.    Wat  yirgtnla    Slstenjllit-L                 337  10 

Kins moT A. -»taii*alo- Union  Oharth,  6.    Brd  Rietr  -  Wiaooasii,  -  La**  Si-pjHw— Marqnelto,  121  16.      ifU- 

WuroD,*,    St,  Aiil-SLOIaud,S7«;Stlllwaur  7,    SOTS  intwte*    Aaaenbly,  i;    Blohfleld,  2;   W«t  arannile.  4. 

Mmaocii.-  KkUt     JHf*r— HonUoello,    1       Palnjin-  mnnnu^ - Oehkoah,  8  W,                                           143  « 

Eetbel.130,  S  to       TotaJ  horn  ohurohai 1  300  B3 

NsBuaKA-  Oauhii— Lyona,                                        4  7b  Womani  Eieo,  Com,  for  April.  710  IS;  Rev.  R. 

Nbw  Jsacar.-MoiHaoaft-Aibun    Park,  3;  Engltah-  O.  Moore,  t\  W.  L  Taitwt  and  wife,  1  20;  W, 

town,  2)  Mooreetown.  1,    Horrfi  and  Oranfr^Flanaeni,  2  C,  Kuhn,  State  College.  !!>;  Mn,  L,  Ohand- 

JMwrt -Newark  Park,  T  71.    Nod  Brmnetck- Priaeeioji  ler.  Dalrolt,  Mleb^lW;  Joa.  H,   Beok,  Troy, 

WIthenponu  Street,  1;   Trenton  Bethany,  B.    Keipton-  Iowa,  fi;  Captain  T.  W.  Pattoa,  100:  MlMlon 

Mukibaro,  3.     ICntJirMv— Clayton,  Uh  Oold  SpnnB,  2;  Inqain'.  3  M;    W,    H,    HIlllnBer,  Warren, 

aiDDOBHerOlty,  2  ^71  Ohio,  3;  Self,  l>HUolDeB,Iowa,6 tMB  98 

Nbw  Zou.- Ji3wnr-8BjM<inSprlnKB2d,37t.  Brook- 

l«— Brooklyn,  Hopk fin  Street Qermiin,  2.    iulTalo—Hul-  naman. 

bio   Nortb,  4S  Tl;   Piedoola,  li.    ColumHa-Talatle,  1.  Seat  to  SooUa:-lst  Dnlutb.  KInn.,  13;  Blajra- 

GflunH— ElW  3;   WTomlng:  aab-acb.   lb.    fludtoa— Port  town.  Iowa,  3  (1;  MlnL.aura  Bell,  tjootla.10; 

Jarrla,  10,    Lom  /(land— Ureen port,  ID;    Horlcbaa    4  31;  Klng'i  Daughter,  I«okport,  N.  Y,,  20:  Hib. 

bhelMtr  Island  it.  Nauav  -HoniliigloQ  2d,  12.   Neie  York  Helendn.  Bruyn  Kapa,  Phila.,  Pa.,  Is. 

—New  York,  Briek,  vaM;  North  aoer— hne  Plalni  J.       Total  Df root* 08  31 

5(,  lovrntce-BiowDvllIe  1  BT    Delter,  8     Sfrutrm— Hor-       Total  Ueoelpl >  (br  April 2,33130 

nellnllle,  3.    ArrMtua— Chlttenango    13,    TVny— White- 
ball,  4  H.     trulcftafrr— WbllsPlaTni  28  18,             076  03  J.  T.  OitiOB,  Trtaturer. 


RBOEIFTB  FOB  COLLEGES  AND  AOADEHIB8.  APRIL.  1800. 


-SoIKmore— FalMon,  1  IS;  Ha«entown, 
imiw  B  iNlInt,  S;  Unknown,  1,  Neta  Cattle— Dtuw- 
I;  Went  NottmgbAm,  10  W;  WIlmlDgton  West,  10, 


CAT!  wu.— radHn— Wlnaton 

CoLomADo,— flouk"—    "-' 

Capitol  ATsniwi  11. 


,-i8rt 


11  IB 
Jro— Rlch- 

-  lOtfa,  S; 

Neorn,  8, 

Piwria—Bdmfleld,  3: 

OarinoMd— Hurray- 
■-   57  37,  1*7  18 


liiLDiou BlaomiiH)('M>— Beyworth.  13, 

laud.  1  10.    CMoow-ChlcaKO  let  GenIUlI^ 
PnUnian  IM,  4;   RlTerride,  7  W,    We"" 
Otfama— BocbeUe,  7:  Sandwich,  1,    Pi 
EIniwood.  4;  JohnKuox,!  3G;  Peoria 
— HflrBnaa,  10:  New  Balem,  1  '*'      "- 
vUle,  I  at:  Fli«ah,  1  SS;  Bprios 

Indiaha CVOH/ortUnlle— Romney,  (  on.  uuitanapoiu 

-Indluuipdla  M,  T4  80,    Loninjporf— Michigan  CItr  lat. 
30,    W\ift  ITafer—OaUese  Conor,  I.  flO  48 

Iowa.— CadOP  Bapidt—yijomiBg,  8.  Council  Blvfft— 
SIdnn,  8  SO.  Itfrl  Z>oifffe— BetheH  1  foun- Burlington 
lat.  *B8:  MWdletown,  1  30;  Wlnlleld,  1.  Iowa  Ctni- 
Waahlngtoo,  1  W.    Waletioo—Baiaai,  7  30;  TranqulU  V.  '!■ 

KAmu.— ffiniwria-QuetKimo,  3  BS;  Wichita  Oak 
Street,  I.  Lamad— Liberal,  1,  Solomim— Concordia  1st, 
18  4B;  SaltriT '-  "  -' 


_  <— New  Concord, 

HiOBioaa.— JMroU-  Detroit  Ceotral, 
■nnraeoTA,— Ant  Avsr— Warren  lat,  S. 
neapoHi  BtewMt  Hemmial  sabich,  3;  St. 

HnaoDHi.— Ourfc— West  Plalia,  >.    AiJmirra— Blnl>(7e 


140:  Flanden,  3;  UorTiatown  1st,  SO;  Ht.  Ollre,  4.  Ktvxirk 
—Newark  M.  10  32;  —  Ist  Qemian,  8  SO;  —  Caliary,  1  «>; 
—  Park,  S  43.  JVeu  Bruiutcfcit— Princeton  WItharapoon 
Street,  1,  teuton— Deckertown  lat.  8  fi3;  I>elaware  lat, 
»:  Markaboro,  2;  Oxtord  Sd,  10.  Wert  Jerje^-BIUlnga- 
port.  I :  CedarvlUe  lat,  7;  darton.  10;  Olouceater  City  lit, 
3;  Bwedesboro,  3.  813  Bg 


Nebkabxa.— BoiKm*— Boldrege  1st,  7  87;  N 
r«>ni«f-OTd  lat,  3;  f^  PaoL  I. 

Nbw  jiKBET.— <Hsa6eth— Olntoa,  13  87;  Ub« 
-   —     'Td,118».    Athv  dtv-Jeraey  City 
I— AalniiT  Park  lit,  «  B;        "-^ 
11,1.    Mforrit-—" 


It.  touf»--Jon«Bboro 


98 


CoUegea  and  Academies. 


[July. 


PAOiFic—Benicia— Mendocino,  18;  Vallejo,  5.  Loa  An- 
aeie«— Ban  Bernardino  1st,  0  70.  Ocikland— West  Berke- 
ley, 9;  Brooklyn,  10.  >Sdcram«nto— lone,  1  90.  San  FYan- 
cMco— Golden  Gate,  4.  Stockton— Fresno  Ist,  6;  Sonora,  2, 

40  GO 

PKNNSYLVAKiA.—^IfoyAeny— Allegheny  Ist,  10;  Evans 
City,  8;  Industry,  2;  Natrona,  4.  BIatr«WU«— BlairsviUe, 
90;  Manor,  9;  Salem,  3  47.  Butler— Allegheny,  1;  Amity, 
1;  CUntonville,  4;  HarrisviUe,  1  76;  Middlesex.  4;  New 
Salem,  9;  North  Washington,  9;  Pleasant  Valley,  9  01; 
Rehoboth,  1.  Oarlt^ie— Dickinson,  9;  Hanisbm-gh  Olivet, 

7.  Ckenter^Daihy  Borough,  17;  Lansdowne  Ist,  17  15; 
Ridley  Park,  4;   TJnknown,   80  20.    Ctarton— Academia, 

8  46;  Big  Run  1st.  1;  Elkton,9;  Greenville,  6;  Sllgo,  8. 
.&^— Oonneautville,  4;  Erie  Central,  25;  Greenville,  0  10. 
Hunt/nyrfon— Duncansville,  8;   Gibson  Memorial,  1;   Lo- 

fan's  Valley,  6;  Lower  Tuscarora,  0;  Newton  Hamilton. 
;  Port  Royal,  8.  Kittanning— Cherry  Run,  1 ;  Crooked 
Creek,  1 ;  Homer  City,  6  40;  Indiana,  40;  Saltsburgh  sab- 
sch,  90.  £a<;ilrairanna— Dunmore,  1;  Honesdale  1st,  75; 
Plains,!;  Rome,  1;  Scranton  Green  Ridge  Avenue,  81; 
Shickshinny,  4;  Tunkhannock,  9;  West  Pittston  1st,  95; 
Wilkes  Barre  Grant  Street.  7  90.  Lehigh— Bamgor,  8; 
Mountain,  4  60;  Port  Carbon,  6;  Pottsville  Ist,  18  06; 
Tamaqua  1st,  9; sab-sch.  1;  tipper  Lehlarh,  9.  Nor- 
thumberland—ChUMsquaque^  8;  Grove  sab  sch,  16;  Mont- 
gomery,  9;  Shamokin  1st,  4  19;  Shlloh.  9.  Parkeraburgh 
— Ravenswood,  9;  Spencer,  1.  Pi\t2ad«IpAia— Philadelphia 
Tabernacle,  79  19.  Philadelphia  Central— Pliiladelphia 
Central,  6.  Philadelphia  iVbrf ^—Oermantown  2d,  69  67; 
—  Grace,  6;  Hermon,  80;  Huntingdon  Valley,  4;  Jenkin- 
town  Grace,  8  50;  Lower  Merion,  2.  Pifft«!mrip^— McDon- 
ald 1st,  96;  Mount  Olive,  9;  Pittsburgh  6th,  47  67;  —  East 

Libert/,  11  61; sab-sch,  69  08;  —  Shady  Side,  16  50; 

RiverdsJe,  6;  West  Elizabeth,  6;  Coal  BlulTs  and  Courtney, 

8.  fi«d«tane— Belle  Vernon,  4  53;  Mt.  Pleasant  Reunion, 
19  99;  Mt.  Vernon.  6  66;  Suterville,  9;  Uniontown,  71  25. 
SA«nanyo— Beaver  Falls,  10;  Mt.  Pleasant,  5;   Pulaski, 

9  88;    SUppery  Rock,  4.     Jva^ington—AUen  Grove,  1; 


Cameron,  4;  Limestone,  8;  Unity,  1;  Washington  Ist, 
61  98;  Waynesburgh,  4;  West  Alexander,  6;  West  Liberty, 
9  75;  Wofr  Run,  f.  IFe«tmtn«ter— Marietta,  14;  Pequea, 
5.    Weat  Ftrpinia-Sistersvllle,  9.  1.074  12 

Tknvesskb.— /fb2«ton— St.  Marks,  1.  l/nton  —  Clover 
Hill,  1  25.  2  26 

Utah.— l/toAr— American  Fork,  1  47;  Gunneson,  1  60; 
Salem  Mission,  1  60.  4  47 

Wisconsin.—  TTmnedogo— Oshkosh  Ist,  4  24 

Total  received  from  churches  and  sabbath- 
schools $   2,450  09 

PCRSONAL.. 

Estate  of  Cyrus  H.  McCormick,  1,000;  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  M.  B.  Rowan.  Moharg,  Penna.,  5;  John 
H.  Hanan,  New  York  City,  25;  Rev.  J.  H. 
Dulles,  D.  D.,  Princeton,  N.  J.,  10;  A  believer 
in  missions,  500;  Rev.  W.  L.  Tarbet  and  wife, 
Springfield,  111.,  80  cts 


INTBRBST. 

Semi-annual  interest "  Martha  Adams  fund.^' . . 

LBOACIES. 

Estate  of  John  McConnell,  Rock  Island,  III., 
899  10;  Amount  awarded  by  decree  of  court 
as  the  balance  of  income  due  upon  a  legacy 
yet  to  be  received  from  the  estate  of  Mrs. 
Anna  J.  Sommerville,  Philadelphia,  Penn.,  to 
be  known  as  "the  Roger  Sherman  fund,^^  the 
principal,  when  paid,  to  be  permanently  in- 
vested, and  the  income  only  to  be  applicable 
for  the  work  of  the  Board,  8,842  06 


196  00 


Total  receipts  for  April,  1892 $   8,427  08 

C.  M.  Charnlbt.  Treaaurer^ 

P.  O.  Box  294,  Chicago,  HI. 


Wealth,  as  Life,  Service,  Time.— Since 
wealth  is  ofteu  labor  stored  up  in  portable 
form,  it  has  in  it  a  man^s  life.  It  partakes 
of  his  personality.  A  man's  wealth,  through 
his  acting  in  it,  becomes  a  personal  force 
in  social  life  which  may  be  used  for  the 
noblest  ends  or  prostituted  to  the  bases^ 
uses. 

No  man  can  escape  the  fullest  responsibil- 
ity for  the  use  he  makes  of  his  wealth,  which 
is  potential  power  of  service.  Every  man 
holds  all  his  powers  in  trust. 

Talk  of  men  as  converted,  as  Christian 
men,  who  consciously  and  deliberately  allow 
their  property  to  be  used  for  debasing  and 
ruining  their  fellow  men  I  Imagine  that  a 
man's  heart  and  will  can  be  converted  to  the 
service  of  God,  and  his  property  remain  in 
the  service  of  the  devil  I  Tis  an  utter  impos- 
sibility !  The  conversion  that  does  not  reach 
a  man's  use  of  his  property  is  no  true  conver- 
sion. There  is  no  truly  Christian  man  who 
keeps  an  unconverted  pocket-book  or  bank 
account. 

Now,  wealth  must  be  used  for  service  ac- 
cording to  its  own  laws.     Wealth  is  produc- 


tive only  as  it  is  used  as  capital — that  is,  as 
wealth  employed  in  the  production  of  new 
wealth,  of  new  values.  Since  wealth  is  *Hhe 
usufruct  of  skill,  intelligence,  and  morality," 
it  places  its  owner  under  obligation  steadily 
so  to  use  it  as  to  reproduce  morality,  intelli- 
gence and  skill. 

The  time  owed  to  distinctively  Christian 
effort,  to  work  for  the  good  of  his  fellow-men 
may  be  in  part  made  good,  if  the  wealth  into 
which  his  efforts  and  time  were  coined  is 
used  nobly  and  wisely.  And  while  no  giving 
for  Christian  work  can  take  the  place  of  per- 
sonal interest  in  Christian  activity,  yet  many 
men  could  do  infinitely  more  by  free  and  con- 
secrated gifts  of  large  sums  of  money  than 
they  now  do  by  formal  expressions  of  their 
sense  of  un worthiness  and  lack  of  effort  in 
the  past,  unaccompanied  even  now  by  any 
large  use  of  their  wealth  for  Christ^s  cause. 

^'Redeem  the  time"  that  was  withheld 
from  God's  service  by  you  while  you  were 
making  money.  Redeem  it,  buy  it  back,  by 
using  your  money  conscientiously  and  gener- 
ously for  God's  work. — Extract  from  address 
by  Pres.  M.  E,  Gates,  LL.  D. 


Officers  and  Agencies  of  the  General  Assembly. 


■*♦••»■ 


THE  CLERKS. 

stated  CUrk  and  7V«a«urer— Rev.  William  H. 
Roberts,  D.D.,  Lane  Theological  Seminary,  Wal- 
nut HiUfl,  Cincinnati,  O. 

Permanent  Clerk— Bjev,  William  B.  Moore,  D.  D., 
Columbus,  O. 


THE  TRUSTEES. 

Pretidefnt — George  Junldn,  Esq. 

7V«wttr«r— Prank  K.  Hippie,  1340  Chestnut  Street. 

Recording  Secretary— J aorh  Wilson. 

Offics— Publication  House,    No.    18»4   Chestnut 
Street,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 


THE  BOARDS. 

1.  HOMB  MISSIONS,  SUSTENTATION. 

Correaponding  Secretaries— Rev.  Henry  Kendall,  D.D.,  Rev.  William  Irvin,  D.D.,'and  Rev.  Duncan 

J.  McMillan,  D.D. 
Treaaurer — Oliver  D.  Eaton. 
Recording  Secretary — Oscar  E.  Boyd. 

Officb— Presbyterian  House,  No.  63  Fifth  Avenue,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Letters  relating  to  missionary  appointments  and  other  operations  of  the  Board  should  be  addreesed 
to  the  Corresponding  Secretaries. 

Letters  relating  to  the  pecuniary  affairs  of  ^e  Board,  or  containing  remittances  of  money,  should 
be  sent  to  O.  D.  Eaton,  TVeosurer. 

a.  FOREIGN  MISSIONS. 

Secretary  Emeritus— ^v.  John  C.  Lowrie,  D.D. 
Corresponding  Secretaries— 'Rxiy,  Frank  F.  EUinwood,  D.D.,  Rev.  Arthur  Mitchell,  D.D.,  and][Rev. 

John  Gillespie,  D.D. 
Assistant  Secretary — Mr.  Robert  E.  Speer. 
Treasurer — William  Dulles,  Jr.,  Esa. 
Field  Secretary— B£>Y.  Thomas  Marshall,  D.D.,  48  McCormick  Block,  Chicago,  111. 

Officb— Presbyterian  House,  No.  53  Fifth  Avenue,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Letters  relating  to  the  missions  or  other  operations  of  the  Board  should  be  addressed  to  the  Sec- 
retaries. Letters  relating  to  the  pecuniary  affairs  of  the  Board,  or  containing  remittances  of  money, 
should  be  sent  to  William  Dulles,  Jr.,  Esq.,  Trea.surer. 

Certificates  of  honorary  membership  are  given  on  receipt  of  $30,  and  of  honorary  directorship  on 
receipt  of  $100. 

Persons  sending  packages  for  shipment  to  missionaries  should  state  the  contents  and  value.  There 
are  no  specified  days  for  eftiipping  goods.  Send  packi^ee  to  the  Mission  House  as  soon  as  they  are 
ready.  Address  the  Treasurer  of  the  Board  of  Foreign  Missions,  No  53  Fifth  Avenue,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

The  postage  on  letters  to  all  our  mission  stations,  except  those  in  Mexico,  is  5  cents  per  each  half 
ounce  or  fraction  thereof.    Mexico,  2  cents  per  half  ounce. 

a  EDUCATION. 

Corresponding  Secretary— Bjoy.  Daniel  W.  Poor,  D.D. 
Treasurer— Jacob  Wilson. 

Office— Publication  House,  No.  1334  Chestnut  Street,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 

4.  FUBIilCATION  AND  SABBATH-SCHOOIj  WORK. 

Secretary— Rev.  Elijah  R.  Craven,  D.  D. 

Superintendent  of  Sabbalhr^chool  and  Missionary  Work — Rev.  James  A.  Worden,  D.D. 

Editorial  Superintendent— Bjev.  J.  R.  Miller,  D.D. 

Business  Superintendent— John  A.  Black. 

Treasurer— Rev.  C.  T.  McMullin. 

Publication  Housb— No.  1334  Chestnut  Street,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Letters  relative  to  the  general  interests  of  the  Board,  also  all  manuscripts  offered  for  pnblicatioii 
and  communications  relative  thereto,  excepting  those  for  Sabbath-school  Library  books  and  the  peri- 
odicals, should  be  addressed  to  the  Rev.  E.  R.  Cbaven,  D.D.,  Secretary. 

Presbyterial  Sabbath-school  reports,  letters  relating  to  Sabbath-school  and  Missionary  work,  to 
grants  of  the  Board^s  publications,  to  the  appointment  of  Sabbath-school  missionaries,  and  reports, 
orders  and  other  communications  of  these  missionaries,  to  the  Rev  Jambs  A.  Wordbn,  D.D.,  Super^ 
intendent  of  SabbcUh-school  and  Missionary  Work. 

All  manuscripts  for  Sabbath-school  Library  books,  also  all  matter  offered  for  the  Wbstminsteb 
Tkaohsb  and  the  other  periodicals,  and  all  letters  concerning  the  same,  to  the  Rev.  J.  R.  Millbr,  D.D., 
Editorial  Superintendent. 

Business  correroondenoe  and  orders  for  books  and  periodicals,  except  from  Sabbath-school  missioD- 
aries.  to  JOHis  A.  Black,  Business  Superintendent. 

Remittances  of  money  and  oontilbntlons  to  the  Rev.  C.  T.  McMulun,  Treasurer. 

5.  CHURCH  ERECTION. 

Corresponding  Secretary— Bex.  Erskine  N.  White,  D.D. 
treasurer — ^Adam  Campbell. 

Officb— Presbyterian.  House,  No.  53  Fifth  Avenue,  New  York,  N.  Y. 


100  Officers  and  Agencies  of  the  General  Assembly.  [J^y- 

6.  MlNlSTERIAIi  REUiTEF. 

Carremonding  Secretory— Rev.  William  C.  Cattell,  D.  D.        ' 
Recording  Secretary  and  Treasurer— tiey.  William  W.  Heberton. 

Offics— Publication  Hoiiae,No  1SS4  Chestnut  Street,  Philadelphia,  F^ 

7.  FRJBEDMEN. 

Prendent—RBY.  Edward  P.  Ck>wan,  D.  D. 

Office  Secretary  and  Treasurer— Rev.  J.  T.  Gibeon. 

Corresponding  Secretary— Rev.  R.  H.  Allen,  D.  D. 

OFncs— No.  516  Market  Street,  Pittsburgh,  Pa. 

8.  AID  FOR  COIiliEOBS  AND  AGADBMIE8. 

Corresponding  Secretary— Rev.  Edward  C.  Ray,  D.  D. 
TVecuurer^-Obarles  M.  Chamley,  P.  O.  Box  9W,  Chicago,  111. 

Offics— 'Room  38,  Montauk  Block,  No.  115  Monroe  Street,  Chicago,  DL 


PERMANENT  COMMITTEES. 
cx>MMrrrEE  on  ststebcatio  benefigenob. 

Chairman— Roy.  Rufus  S.  Green,  D.  D.  Orange,  N.  J. 

iSccretory— Walter  Carter,  Eaq.,  16  W.  127th  Street,  New  York  City 

OOMMirrEE  ON  TEMPERANCE. 

Chairman^-RQY.  I.  N.  Hays.  D.  D..  AUeffheny,  Pa. 
Corresponding  Secretary — Rev.  Jonn  F.  Hill,  Cannonsbnrgh,  Pa. 
TVecMurer^Rev.  James  Allison,  D.  D.,  No.  616  Penn  Avenue,  Pittsburgh,  Pa. 

PRESBYTERIAN  HISTORIGAIi  SOCIETY. 

President— R&Y,  W.  C.  Cattell,  D.  D.,  Philadelphia. 
Corresponding  Secretary— ReY.  D.|K.  Turner. 
7Ve<Murer^DeB.  K.  Ludwig,  8800  Locust  Street,  Philadelphia. 
Library  and  Jft««eum— 1229  Race  Street,  Philadelphia. 


TREASURERS  OF  S YNODIGAIj  HOME  BflSSIONS  AND  8USTENTATION. 

New  Jersey— ^hner  Ewing  Green,  P.  O.  Box  183,  Trenton,  N.  J. 
New  York—O.  D.  Eatcm.  68  Fifth  Avenue,  New  York,  N.  Y. 
Piennsylvaniar^Vnnk  K.  Hippie,  1840  Chestnut  Street,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 
Baltimore — D.  C.  Ammidbn,  81  South  Frederick  Street,  Baltimore,  Md. 


BEQUESTS  OR  DEVISES. 

In  the  preparation  of  Wills  care  should  be  taken  to  insert  the  Corporate  Name,  as  known  and  reoogniflBd 
in  the  Courts  of  Law.    Bequests  or  Devises  for  the 

General  Assembly  should  be  made  to  "The  Trustees  of  the  General  Assambly  of  the  Presbytarlan 
Church  in  the  United  States  of  America.  ^ 

Board  of  Home  Missions,— to  "The  Board  of  Home  Missions  in  the  Presbyterian  Church  in  the  Uni-* 
ted  States  of  America,  incorporated  April  19, 1872,  by  Act  of  the  Legislature  of  the  State  of  New  York." 

Board  o:*  Foreign  Missions,— to  "The  Board  of  Foreign  Missions  of  the  Presbjrterian  Church  in 
the  United  States  of  America.*^ 

Board  of  Ohurch  Ehrection,— to  "The  Board  of  Church  Erection  Fund  of  the  General  Assembly  of 
the  Presbyterian  Church  in  the  United  States  of  America,  in^oorporated  Mar.  27,1871,  by  the  Legislature  of 
the  State  of  New  York.^ 

Board  of  Publication  and  Sabbath-school  Work,  to  "The  Trustees  of  the  Presbyterian  Board 
of  PubUcation  and  Sabbath-school  Work.'* 

Board  of  Education,— to  "The  Board  of  Education  of  the  Presbyterian  Church  in  the  United  States 
of  America.^ 

Board  of  Relief,— to  "The  Presbyterian  Board  of  Relief  for  Disabled  Ministers  and  the  Widows  and 
Orphans  of  Deceased  Ministers. '* 

Board  for  Freedmen,— to  "The  Board  of  Miarions  for  Freedmen  of  the  Presbyterian  Church  in  the 
United  States  of  America.  *' 

Board  of  Aid  for  GoUeges,— to  "The  Presbyterian  Board  of  Aid  for  Colleges  and  Academies.^ 

Sustentation  is  not  incorporated.  Bequests  or  Devises  intended  for  this  object  should  be  made  to 
^The  Board  of  Home  Missions  of  the  Presbyterian  Church  in  the  United  States  of  America,  incorporated 
April  19, 1872,  by  Act  of  the  Legislature  of  the  State  of  New  York,  for  Sustentation,^ 

N  B.— Real  Estate  devised  by  will  should  be  carefully  described. 


THE   CHURCH 

AT  HOME  AND  ABROAD 


AUGUST.    18G2. 


The  Pbesidency  of  The  Republic. — 
The  Church  at  Home  and  Abroad  has 
no  connectioD  with  partiBan  politics.  Bat 
it  rejoices  in  every  indication  that  political 
parties,  in  shaping  their  issaes  and  direct- 
ing their  movements,  are  influenced  by 
righteous  principles,  and  with  respect  to  the 
wishes  of  righteous  men.  It  is  now  gen- 
erally affirmed  that  in  each  of  the  two 
principal  parties  a  candidate  has  been  nom- 
inated for  the  presidency  who  represents 
the  better  moral  elements  of  his  party^  and 
that  in  each  the  nomination  actually  made 
was  strenuously  opposed  by  those  in  whose 
**  practical  politics"  the  "ten  Command- 
meets  "  are  not  supreme. 


It  is  generally  claimed  and  admitted 
that  the  political  debate  of  the  coming 
summer  and  autumn  is  to  be  upon  the  po- 
litical principles  and  policies  of  the  respect- 
ive parties^  not  upon  the  personal  charact- 
ers of  their  candidates  for  the  presidency, 
and  that,  whichever  party  shall  prevail  in 
the  electioix,  the  nation  Is  sure  of  having 
for  its  next  president  a  proved  master  in 
statesmanship,  and  an  able,  honest,  up- 
right man,  each  with  an  help  meet  for  him, 
a  wise,  virtuous,  godly  woman. 


have,  not  "a  campaign  of  detraction*  "  but 
"a  campaign  of  education,"  in  which 
honest  and  able  advocates  of  differing  pol- 
icies will  instruct  the  people  concerning 
them,  appealing  to  their  intelligence,  their 
patriotism,  and  their  conscience.  This 
will  be  excellent  **  educfition,  "  but,  why 
should  it  be  a  "  campaign  "?  Is  educa- 
tion war?  Do  such  terms  as  '*  enemy, 
victor,  fight,  "  etc. ,  best  describe  the  par- 
ties and  processes  of  reasonable,  educa- 
tional debate? 


It  is  now  commonly  said,  that  we  are  to 


How  much  less  suitable  are  such  terms 
and  figures  of  belligerency  to  the  discuss- 
ions of  brethren  in  Christ,  seeking  to  help 
each  other  to  more  perfect  knowledge  of 
his  word  and  to  more  wise  prosecution  of 
his  work!  Cannot  we  drop  out  such 
words  and  tropes  from  our  Church  litera- 
ture?   

"Our  Communion" — "Other  Com- 
munions."— These  are  forms  of  expression 
which  are  found  in  our  church  literature, 
it  seems  to  us,  with  increasing  frequency. 

They  also  seem  to  us  of  questionable 
propriety,  "  We  believe  in  the  commun- 
ion of  saints.  "  We  read  in  the  New  Tes- 
tament of   "  the  communion  of  the  Holy 

Spirit,"  of   "  the  communion  of  the  body 

108 


104 


Cr 088' Bearers^  3Ii88ionary  Reading  Oircle. 


\^Auffudy 


of  Christ,  "  and  "  the  communion  of  the 
blood  of  Christ.  "  This  sacred,  generous, 
great  word,  '*  communion"  ought  not  to 
be  lowered  nor  narrowed.  Can  the  Saints 
be  separated  into  different  communions? 
We  may  need  the  word  denominations 
for  a  great  while  to  come.  But  we  see  no 
need  of  any  plural  to  the  word  cmnmun- 
io7i.  We  believe  in  the  coviviunion  of 
saints.  We  do  not  believe  in  close  com- 
munion, nor  in  separate  communions,  nor 
in  ''other  communions." 

Died.— March  31,  189$J,  at  Ichowfu, 
I'rovince  of  Shantung,  North  China,  of 
broncho-pneumonia,  Georgia  Boyd,  little 
daughter  of  Lulu  H.  B.  and  Rev.  Wm.  P. 
C  half  ant. 

*'  He  shaU  gather  the  lambs  with  his  arm  and 
carry  them  in  his  bosom.*^ 


Are  we  to  think  that  the  little  mission- 
aries whom  Qod  thus  sends  to  the  help  of 
his  adult  missionaries,  and  whom  he  calls 
home  so  soon,  have  not  fulfilled  a  useful 
mission?  By  no  means.  We  may  well 
doubt  whether  in  mission  fields  or  in  home 
fields  any  lives  are  more  useful  than  these 
very  short  lives.  Their  earthly  homes 
are  ever  afterwards  more  heavenly  for 
their  having  been  in  them,  and  then  how 
sweetly  they  beckon  us  to  the  heavenly 

HOME ! 


The  Undenominational  Missionary  Map 
of  China,  of  which  mention  was  made  in 
our  pages  a  year  ago  and  which  has  been 
found  a  valuable  assistant  in  missionary 
study,  is  to  be  followed  by  a  similar  one 
of  Japan,  which  will  be  ready  by  the  first 
of  September.  This  map  will  represent 
the  work  of  Societies  laboring  in  Japan. 
Address  Miss  Mary  Burt,  care  A.  D.  Hor- 
terman  &  Co.,  Springfield,  0.     A  new 


edition  of  the  Map  of  China  is  in  prepa- 
ration which  will  also  represent  the  work 
of  all  Missionary  Societies  in  that  land. 
The  size  of  the  Map  of  China  was  34x45 
inches.  Price,  $1.00;  and  we  suppose 
that  the  size  and  price  of  the  Map  of 
Japan  will  be  the  same. 

The  Ciioss-BBAREKs'  Missiona^ky 
Reading  Circle  desires  -us  to  announce 
to  our  readers  its  course  of  reading  for  its 
third  year  as  follows : 

I.  Biographical, — 1.  Life  of  James  Cal- 
vert, 75  cents;  2.  Mackey  of  Uganda, 
$1.00; 

II.  Travel — 3.  Lands  of  the  Orient — 
M.  B.  Chapman,  $1.00; 

III.  Philosophical. — 4.  The  Divine  En- 
terprise   of     Missions — A.    T.     Piersou, 

$1.25; 

IV.  Periodical. — 5.  The  Missionary 
Review  of  the  world,  $1.50; 

V.  Financial. — 6.  Membership  fee, 
per  annum,  50  cents; 

Handbooks,  ect.,  explaining  more  fully 
the  aim  of  the  C.  M.  R.  C.  will  be  sent 
on  application  to  Rev.  Z.  M.  Williams, 
Sec,  St.  Joseph,  Mo. 


Our  Pictorial  Illustrations. — For 
the  cuts  illustrating  the  following  pages, 
and  also  for  the  one  incur  July  number, 
page  5,  we  are  indebted  to  the  courtesy  of 
Mr.  James  F.  Aglar,  General  Agent  of  the 
Union  Pacific  Railway  Co.,  St.  Louis, 
Missouri.  Mr.  Aglar  accompanied  the  spe- 
cial train  for  the  General  Assembly  from 
St.  Louis  to  Portland,  and  had  watchful 
oversight  of  all  that  could  affect  the  com- 
fort and  convenience  of  the  passengers. 
He  supplied  us  liberally  with  the  litera- 


1892.] 

tare  of  the  Company  eiplaining  and 
illuBtrating  the  Bcenery  through  which  it 
conveyed  ue,  and  generously  gave  us  the 
use  of  any  of  their  engravings  for  our 
pages. 

Mr.  W.  TI.  Ilurlburt,  Assistant  General 


AcToaii  the-  ConHnml. 


105 


Passenger  Agent  at  Portland,  was  equally 
attentive  and  courteous,  and  all  other 
officers  and  employes  of  that  railroad  won 
the  grateful  regards  of  the  party  who  en- 
joyeil  their  <^ourteeies  during  that  nni<|ue 
and  memorable  journey. 


ACROSS  THE  CONTINENT. 
[Cnnlinved  from  the  July  Number.] 
The  Excursion  toGarfield  BeachonMon- 
day  afternoon,May  IG,  was  a  delightful  one 
to  the  party  on  the  way  to  the  General  As- 
sembly—  the  more  delightful  because  par- 
ticipated in  by  many  Christian  friends  resi- 
dent in  the  region, some  of  whom  had  come 
from  considerable  distances  to  meet  friends 
whom  they  hoped  to  find.     It  was  a  rare 


delight  to  meet  some  such  with  their  bright 
and  happy  children  glad  to  be  thus  pre- 
sented to  friends  whom  their  parents  had 
taught  them  to   Jove   while   yet   unseen. 

The  scene  on  Garfield  Beach  was  a  merry 
one.  Some  bathed  in  the  water  in  which 
one  is  quite  unable  to  sink,  and  some  filled 
phials  with  the  saline  water  to  be  taken,  as 
souvenirs,  to  distant  homes. 

This  remarkable  lake  is  similar  in  extent 


106 


Across  the  Continent, 


[Auffuai, 


aad  in  the  character  of  its  water  to  Lake 
Oroomiah  in  Persia,  The  water  of  both  is 
much  more  salt  and  more  heavy  than  the 
water  of  the  ocean.  By  easy  processes  of 
evaporation  salt  for  domestic  uses  is  obtain- 
ed from  it.  It  is  singular  that  both  these 
bodies  of  salt  water,  a  hundred  miles  or 
more  in  length,  are  commonly  called  lakes, 
while  the  lovely  little  fresh-water  Oenes- 
saret  is  often  called  a  sea. 


We  returned  from  Garfield  Beach  early 
enough*  to  make  leisurely  purchase  of 
baskets  or  bags  of  luncheon  to  be  used  on 
the  remainder  of  our  journey,  for  we  were 
warned  that  all  of  so  large  a  company  might 
not  otherwise  be  sufficently  fed.  From 
this  point  our  three  cars  from  Missouri  were 
to  form  part  of  the  large  train  the  moat  of 
which  had  come  from  New  York,  Chicago, 
etc.  The  whole  contained  twenty-six  Pull- 
man cars,  and  was  divided  into  three  sec- 
tions prudently  running  at  safe  distance 
from  one  another. 


Wo  left  Salt  Lake  City  in  the  evening  of 
May  16,  and  took  our  way  directly  north- 
ward through  Ogden  to  Pocatello,  from 
which  point  our  course  was  but  little  north 
of  west  to  Portland.  For  several  hours  we 
were  running  along  the  south  shore  of  the 
Columbia,  but  at  length  swinging  away 
from  it  and  curving  across  the  intervening 
land,  struck  the  eastern  shore  of  the  Will- 
amette flowing  northward  to  the  Colum- 
bia, and  crossing  that  river  near  where  the 
war  vessels,  Baltimore  and  Charleston,  lay 
at  anchor,  we  were  in  Portland  before 
sunset — forty-six  hours  from  Salt  Lake 
City. 


Socially  this  journey  was  a  delightful  and 
memorable  one.  We  had  daily  seasons  of 
worship,  mornings  and  evenings;  some- 
times the  occupants  of  two  other  cars  came 
together  in  one  of  them  for  these  pleasant 
services.  Reading  of  Scripture,  prayer 
and  abundance  of  sacred  song  were  greatly 
enjoyed.  Wherever  we  stopped  for  a  few 
minutes  a  group  of  our  singers  usually 
stood  upon  the  rear  platform  of  the  car  and 
sang 

Gk>d  be  with  you  till  we  meet  again, 

to  the  evident  delight  of  friends  who  gather- 
ed at  such  points  to  wave  their  greetings  to 
the  company  of  pilgrims,  the  largest 
number  of  persons,  it  was  said,  that  ever 
crossed  the  mountains  together;  in  what 
contrast  to  the  weary  passage  through  the 
roadless  wilderness  of  that  first  band  of 
colonists  led  by  the    dauntless  Whitman ! 


A    VISIT  TO   IDAHO. 

Leaving  Portland  on  Friday  evening 
May  27,  in  the  company  and  under  the 
guidance  of  Dr.  Wishard,  I  found  op- 
portunity to  see  something  of  what  a  syn- 
odical  superintendent  of  home  missions 
has  to  do,  and  how  he  does  it.  We  had 
indeed  a  long  distance  to  travel  from  Port- 
land before  coming  into  Dr.  Wishard's 
proper  field,  the  synod  of  Utah,  but  that 
synod  covers  Utah,  Idaho  and  Montana. 
His  official  journeyings  within  it  amount 
annually  to  more  than  10,000  miles. 
Boise  City  in  Idaho  was  the  place  at  which 
he  had  invited  me  to  spend  the  Sabbath 
with  him.  A  continuous  railroad  journey 
of  about  21  hours  brought  us  there  on  Sat- 
urday, when  the  family  whose  hospitality 
we  were  to  enjoy  were  seated  at  their  eve- 
ning meal. 


1892.] 


Awoaa  the  ContmmL 


EKTERINO    BOULDER   CANON. 

Oonuine  and  gcnerotishoBpitality  indeed  table.     I  ate  at  that  miesionary's  table  as 

it  was  to  which  they  heartily  welcomed  us.  fine  cherries,  peachee  and  even  pmneB  as 

Across  the  street  from  his  pleasant  home  I  have  eaten  anywhere.     They  were  pre- 

is  continually  revolving  a  water-wheel,  like  serred,  of  course,  at  this  season  of  the  year, 

thatlately  described  in  oarpages  by  amis-  but    they  grew  on  the  missionary's  own 

sionary    in  nortliern  Syria.     Each  spoke  grounds. 

or  wing  of  the  wheel  carries  a  bucket  which  -    The  stream  which  turns  all  those  wheels 

it  dips  full  of  water  each  time  it  descends  is  led  in  an  artificial    channel    from   the 

into  the  stream  that  propels  it;  then  emp-  Boise  river.     Other  similar  channels  carry 

ties  it  into  a  trough  at  the  top  of  its  circuit,  its  waters  more  widely  and  distribute  them, 

whence  it  flows  down  and  spreads  abroad  through  ramifying  ditches  over  the  fields. 

through  a  system  of  pipes  leading  to  lawns  This  artificial  irrigation  has  transformed 

and  gardens.     A  number  of  such  wheels  many  considerable  tracts  of  desert  into  fer- 

send  the  water  all  over  the  city,  a  city  of  tile  farms,  and  I  am  assured  that  its  snfii- 

five  thousand  people,    spreading  verdure  cient  extension  is  all  that    is  needed    to 

and  freshness  about  all  their  homes,  and  replace  the  worthless  sage-brash,  now  the 

making  all  their  gardens  bountiful  to  their  only  vegetable  growing  on  hundreds,   per- 


108 


Across  the  Continent. 


[^Augustf 


haps  thousands,  of  square  miles,  with 
grass  and  grain  and  trees  and  well-favored 
cattle  and  thrifty  people.  These  wide  and 
apparently  barren  wastes  are  yet  to  blossom 
abundantly,  and  the  smell  thereof  shall 
be  as  the  smell  of  a  field  which  the  Jjord 
hath  blessed. 

Shall  the  people  who  will  make  and 
till  these  farms  and  build  homes  upon  them 
and  towns  among  them,  be  that  happy 
people  whose  Ood  is  Jehovah  ?  not  unless 
they  know  and  fear  and  obey  Jehovah. 

Christian  churches,  Christian  schools. 
Christian  literature  are  the  irrigating  chan- 
nels and  wheels  which  must  spread  the 
water  of  life  over  these  regions.  This  is 
what  Home  Missions  mean,  and  College 
Aid  and  Publication  and  Sabbath  School 
Work.  This  is  what  the  Church  means 
in  all  her  agencies.  The  Boise  river  may 
dry  up,  and  the  Snake,  and  the  Willamette 
and  the  Columbia.  But  the  river  of  the 
water  of  life  of  which  these  church  agen- 
cies are  the  channels,  proceedeth  out  of 
the  throne  of  God  and  the  Lamb. 


MOUNTAIN   MUSINGS. 

Sitting  in  this  comfortable  car  moving 
forward  steadily  and  not  slowly,  closing 
my  eyes  or  looking  only  at  the  objects 
within,  I  cannot  tell  whether  we  are 
ascending  or  descending  or  moving  along 
on  a  dead  level.  But  looking  out  of  the 
window  I  see  that  we  are  passing  among 
wooded  and  rocky  heights  and  scenes 
rapidly  varying  as  we  move.  And  here 
just  beside  our  track  is  a  turbid  stream 
running  swiftly,  its  surface  broken  and 
often  foaming,  rapid  all  the  way,  and  fre- 
quently dashing  down  a  steep  descent,  or 


crowding  through  a  narrow  gorge,  each 
drop  seeming  angrily  to  jostle  and  push 
its  neighbors.  Evidently  the  mountain 
stream  is  swiftly  descending,  and  its  move- 
ment is  opposite  to  ours.  AVe  are  going 
up  the  mountain  steadily,  constantly,  and 
more  rapidly  than  we  can  easily  realize. 


Is  the  course  of  my  life  upward  or 
downward?  A  good  way  to  tell  is  by 
looking  at  streams  which  I  know  to  be 
flowing  downward — currents  of  turbid 
sensuality,  of  frothy  frivolity,  of  jostling 
pushing,  reckless  worldliness.  Am  I 
moving  along  with  them  or  in  the  opposite 
direction?  If  it  is  not  easy  to  decide — 
which  way  does  that  prove  that  I  am 
going? 


What  are  those  huge  forms  far  away 
upon  the  horizon? — or  are  they  beyond 
it  ? — My  untrained  eyes  cannot  at  first 
surely  discern  whether  they  are  clouds  or 
mountains  covered  with  snow.  Or,  if 
there  be  both,  I  do  not  immediately  trace 
wiili  assured  precision  the  line  between 
them. 

Let  me  steadily  gaze  a  good  while;  let 
mo  turn  away  for  a  time  and  then  look 
again.  I  find  that  clouds  do  not  long 
abide  in  unchanging  steadfastness.  But 
Ood  by  his  strength  setteth  fast  the 
mountains,  those  unchanging  forms,  meet- 
ing my  gaze  so  steadily  hour  after  hour  and 
on  successive  days,  and  in  repeated  visits 
to  the  spot  where  I  view  them,  cannot  be 
clouds.  They  are  not  made  of  the  "vapor 
which  appeareth  for  a  little  time  and  then 
vanisheth  away."  The  clouds  that  tow- 
ered and  shone  so  yesterday  are  gone  to- 


1892.] 


Aerona  the  CtmUnmi. 


LONd'a    PEAK    FROM    E8TB8    PARK,    COLORADO. 


(lay  or  have  beeu  blown  into  variona  and 
still  varying  forma. 

There  is  a  I  ike  difference  between  verified 
BTuence  and  ingenioua  theories — science  of 
matter  and  science  of  mind,  science  of  na- 
ture and  science  of  Ood,  all  science,  Iruly 
ao  called,  is  eternal  rock.  It  cannot  be 
moved.  Hypotheses  may  become  BcieuQe. 
They  will,  if  verifed  bypatient  and  auffi- 
cient  induction  of  facts  obaerved  or  facta 
divinely  revealed.  Unless  so  verified,  they 
will  vanish  away. 

Masses  of  vapor  looking  like  mountains 
will  not  remain  unchanged  in  their  form 
as  the  rocks  do.     The  very  breath  of  thoae 


who  moat  loudly  affirm  their  solidity  viai- 
bly  moves  and  alters  them. 

Those  masses  of  opinion  which  some  af- 
firm to  be  eternal  hills,  let  us  not  hasten 
to  build  our  homes  or  our  hopes  upon 
them  until  we  have  looked  a  good  while 
to  see  whether  the  wind  moves  them  or  the 
sun  dissipates  them. 

A    DAT  IN  DENVER 

Arriving  in  this  beautiful  city  on  June 
first  at  noon,  after  needed  refreshment.  I 
hastened  to  pay  my  respects  to  the  vener- 
able Dr.  W.  M.  Thomson.  Atfour  score 
and  five  yeara  of  age,  honorably  retired  from 
active  service  in  the  field  of  missions,  be 


110 


Across  the  Continent, 


[August. 


rests  and  waits  in  the  home  of  his  daughter, 
Mrs.  Walker  with  the  constant  care  and 
ministering  also  of  his  other  daughter,  Miss 
Thomson,  of  the  Syria  mission.  I  was 
rejoiced  to  find  him  in  comlortable  health. 

He  is  disabled  from  walking  but  as  he 
sits,  his  robust-looking  frame  and  strong 
animated  face  give  no  suggestion  of  great 
feebleness,  and  conversation  with  him 
forthwith  showed  him  holding  a  vigorous 
grasp  upon  the  subjects  which  have  engaged 
the  attention  of  the  General  Assembly; 
with  vivid  and  happy  memories  of  the  land 
thro'  which  he  has  conducted  so  many 
readers  in  "The  Land  And  The  Book."  It 
was  delightful  to  see  the  light  on  his  face, 
as  he  spoke  of  beautiful  Beirut  looking  up 
to  lofty  and  majestic  Sunnin. 

Our  readers  and  his  will  rejoice  to  know 
in  what  comfort  he  waits,  having  finished 
his  sojourn  in  the  land  where  the  book 
was  written,  ready  to  depart  unto  the  better 
land  to  which  the  book   shows  the  way. 

On  the  next  day,  I  was  greatly  aided  by 
Rev.  T.  N.  Haskell,  Rev.  Dr.  Freeman,  and 
Rev.  Mr.  Johnson  to  make  the  most  of  my 
few  hours  in  their  city.  Rev.  Dr.  Monfort 
was  not  at  home  when  I  called,  and  other 
Denver  ministers  were  absent  from  the  city. 

I  found  satisfactory  evidence  that  these 
ministers  are  ably  and  generously  sustained 
by  their  people  in  their  vigorous  and  wise 
efforts  for  giving  ascendancy  to  Christian 
principles  in  the  educational  institutions 
and  agencies  of  the  State. 


streets  now  give  no  hint  of  its  original  drear- 
iness, but  beautifully  illustrate  tho  amaz- 
ing possibilities  of  the  whole  American 
Desert. 

Across  this  one  rides  for  hours  at  rail- 
road speed,  and  sees  it  a  dreary  desert  still, 
but  dotted  by  small  oases  just  about  the 
R.  R.  stations,  like  mission  stations  scat- 
tered here  and  there  through  wide  empires 
of  heathenism — prophetical  and  typical 
both  of  the  universal  transformation  yet  to 

be  effected  by  the  physical  and  the  spiritual 
irrigation. 


Like  Salt  Lake  City,  Denver  occupies 
ground  reclaimed  from  desert  barrenness, 
by  artificial  irrigation.  Its  verdant  lawns, 
thrifty  shade   trees  and    wide,  park-like 


FROM  MOUNTAINS  TO  PRAIRIES. 

Leaving  Denver  after  9  P.  M.  in  a  sleep- 
ing-car, my  first  outlook  in  the  next  morn 
ing  dawn  was  in  Nebraska,  swiftly  moving 
eastward.  On  either  side,  as  far  as  the  eye 
can  reach,  the  land  stretches  away,  level  as 
the  sea,  and  the  eye  misses  from  the  horizon 
the  snowy  or  rugged  peaks  and  ridges  to 
which  it  has  lately  become  accustomed. 

• 

This  region  has  evidently  been  abun- 
dantly watered  by  no  artificial  means,  but 
from  the  '*  cisterns  of  the  sky  borne  by  the 
winds  along  " —  abundantly  but  let  us  not 
say  excessively,  remembering  by  whose 
wisdom  the  distribution,  as  well  as  the 
provision  has  been  made. 

And  if  we  thus  trust  otir  fields  and  their 
harvests  to  Him  who  rules  the  elements  of 
nature,  cannot  we  as  calmly  trust  to  Him 
his  own  church  amid  whatever  storms  may 
be  beating  upon  her  or  which  we  seem  to 
see  brewing  in  the  air  ? 

But  some  one  will  ask  whether  we  mean 
that  no  damage  can  be  done  to  farms  by 
excessive  rains  or  to  the  church  by  wild 
winds  of  human  speculation.     No,  verily^ 


UULTNOUAH    FALLS,    COLUMBIA    BIVER,    ORB. 
On  tlie  UnloD  FadOo  BpMm. 


112 


Thoughts  on  ike.  Siahhath-sehool  Lessons, 


[^AugusL 


we  mean  no  such  blind  optimism.  We  as- 
sent to  good  old  aunt  Chloe's  dictum: 
"The  Lord  does  let  drefful  things,  happen 
in  this  yer  world."  But  we  remember  that 
he  who  "  sits  serene  upon  the  floods  their 
fury  to  restrain,"  has  given  us  many 
centuries  of  demonstration  that  "from 
seeming  evil,  aiid  from  real  evil,  he  is  ever 
educing  good." 

C^ucfitB  on  t^e  JkBM^J^cM 

^LtBeotiB. 


FIRST  SABBATH. 

Au(i.  7. — TJie  Ajjostles^  Confldeyice  in  Qod. 
Acts  IV:  19-31.  Notice  the  wonderfully 
rapid  growth  of  grace  in  Peter.  Can  it  be 
the  same  voice  which  uttered  the  cowardly 
denial,  *'  I  know  him  not," — which  now  de- 
clares, **We  cannot  but  speak  the  things 
which  we  have  seen  and  heard  ? " 

What  hath  God  wrought  ?  His  grace  is 
sufficient,  not  only  to  save  the  soul  from 
final  perdition,  but  to  transform  the  charac- 
ter, and  that  in  a  few  months. 

Observe  again  the  subject  of  that  united 
prayer.  Not  a  word  about  deliverance  from 
peraecution,  only — **  grant  unto  thy  servants 
—  boldness."  It  was  that  prayer  that  led  to 
the  shaking  of  the  place  by  the  descent  of  the 
Holy  Ghost.  May  it  not  be  that  revival 
blessings  would  be  more  frequent  in  the 
church  to-day  if  there  were  less  prayer  for 
the  removal  of  hindrances,  and  more  for 
boldness  to  speak  the  word  in  spite  of  them  ? 

While  asking  for  courage  for  themselves, 
it  was  all  for  the  glory  of  the  holy  child 
Jesus. 

SECOND   SABBATH. 

Aug.  14. — Ananias  and  JSapphira.  Acts 
V:l-ll.  Will  a  man  rob  God  ?  Ananias  and 
Sapphira  thought  to  do  it,  but  found  too  late 
that  they  had  robbed  themselves  (1)  of  the 
favor  of  men,  of  which  they  had  felt  sure  (2) 
of  the  divine  blessing  which  they  had  thought 
could  be  **  purchased  with  money." 


Under  the  old  covenant  it  was  only  the 
wTiole  burnt  offering  that  was  accepted,  and 
in  the  covenant  of  grace  the  offering  called 
for  is  the  whole  heart.  When  that  is  offered, 
there  will  be  no  attempt  to  mock  Qod  with 
pretended  piety. 

THIRD  SABBATH. 

Auft.  21. — The  Apostles  Persecuted.  Acts 
V:  2rj-41. 

The  captain  and  the  officers  feared  the 
people. 

Gamaliel  feared  God. 

The  apostles  trusted  God. 

Which  is  the  safest  state  of  mind  ? 

**  The  fear  of  man  bringeth  a  snare." 

* '  The  fear  of  the  Tx)rd  is  the  beginning  of 
wisdom." 

'*  Whoso  tiusteth  in  the  Lord,  happy  i^  he. ^"^ 

It  was  only  the  persecuted  apostles  who 
stood  on  firm  ground. 

While  Gamaliel  did  not  profess  to  be  a  be- 
liever, God  was  able  to  use  his  wisdom  now 
for  the  deliverance  of  two  of  his  apostles,  as 
he  had  already  used  it  in  the  training  of  the 
chief  apostle  to  the  Gentiles. 

He  can  make  the  wrath  of  man  to  praise 
him,  how  much  more  their  talents,  which  he 
has  himself  bestowed. 

FOURTH  SABBATH. 

Aug.  2%.^The  First  Christian  Martyr. 
Acts.  VII:  54-60;  VIII:  1-4.  What  strength 
and  courage  Stephen  obtained  by  that  stead- 
fast upward  glance.  It  was  the  glorified 
Saviour,  who  having  himself  suffered,  being 
tempted,  was  able  to  succour  his  tempted 
servant. 

Stephen^s  Master  once  surprised  his  disci- 
ples by  sleeping  amid  the  waves  and  the 
winds,  Stephen  fell  into  a  deeper  sleep  amid 
the  thuds  of  stones.  *^  So  he  giveth  his  be- 
loved sleep."  Death,  even  in  that  ghastly 
form,  was  robbed  of  its  terrors  and  came  like 
sleep  to  a  tired  child. 

Saul  made  havoc  of  the  church,  and  the 
disciples  were  scattered  far  and  wide  by 
persecution,  but  the  Ix)rd  was  mindful  of  his 
own,  and  they  were  not  forgotten  of  him,  but 
went  everywhere  preaching  his  word,  and 
defeating  the  ends  of  their  persecutors  by 
spreading  the  knowledge  of  the  truth. 


EDUCATION. 


ACTION  OF  THE  GENERAL  ASSEM- 
BLY. 

An  efficient  committee  was  appointed 
by  the  Moderator,  Rev.  Dr.  W.  C.  Young, 
which  gave  the  Annual  Report,  Minutes 
and  Accounts  of  the  Board  faithful  and 
thorough  investigation.  The  Chairman 
of  the  Committee,  Rev.  Dr.  J.  A.  Liggett, 
(and  others)  in  addition  to  the 
formal  Report  as  given  below,  made 
earnest  and  telling  addresses  upon 
the  important  and  vital  functions 
and  needs  of  this  cause.  We  commend 
the  facts,  figures  and  suggestions  that  the 
Report  contains  to  the  prayerful  considera- 
tion of  every  loyal  Presbyterian : 

1 .  *  ^ Your  Committee  have  made  a  careful 
examination  of  the  minutes  of  the  Board,  and 
find  them  in  due  form.  They  take  great 
pleasure  in  giving  a  hearty  commendation  to 
the  officers  and  members  of  the  Board  for  the 
the  faithful  and  persevering  efforts  they  have 
made  during  the  last  year  to  further  the 
interests  of  this  great  and  deserving  cause. 
These  efforts  have  been  crowned  with  a 
gratifying  degree  of  success.  The  number  of 
churches  contributing  to  this  cause  is  three 
hundred  and  twenty-one  greater  than  during 
the  preceding  y  ear.  The  total  amount  receiv- 
ed from  churches  and  Sabbath-schools  was 
$61,760.28.  The  grand  total  received  from 
all  sources,  including  legacies,  was  $9 1 ,  735 . 1 2 . 

2.  At  the  beginning  of  the  year  the  Board 
found  themselves  burdened  with  a  debt  of 
116,000.  One  of  the  first  things  to  be  done 
was  to  devise  methods  by  which  this  debt 
might  be  extinguished.  To  effect  this  pur- 
pose it  was  found  necessary  to  reduce  the 
amount  of  the  appropriations  to  the  students 
under  its  care,  so  that  those  who  had  received 
1100  should  receive  eighty  dollars,  and  those 
who  were  receiving  eighty  dollars  should  re- 
ceive only  seventy  dollars  per  year.  This  was 
done,  however,  with  the  understanding  that  at 


the  end  of  the  fiscal  year  if  the  state  of 
the  treasury  would  permit  it,  there  should  be 
an  additional  appropriation  to  each  student,  to 
make  up  as  far  as  possible,  for  the  reduction. 
As  a  matter  of  fact,  about  10  per  cent,  addi- 
tional was  allowed.  As  an  additional  help  in 
the  matter  of  reduction  of  the  debt,  it  was  re- 
solved to  drop  from  the  roll  of  beneficiaries  any 
student  who  might  be  found  able  to  dispense 
with  aid  from  the  Board,  and  the  students 
themselves  were  earnestly  invited  to  co-oper- 
ate in  this  matter,  and  assist  the  Board  as  far 
as  possible. 

It  also  resolved  to  decline  the  recommen- 
dation of  all  such  as  are  denominated  ^'  spe- 
cial, ^^  and  those  in  the  Academic  depart- 
ment— an  exception  being  made  in  the  case  of 
colored  and  foreign  students.  In  addition  to 
all  this,  the  Board  determined  that  earnest 
appeals  should  be  made  to  the  churches,  and 
as  a  matter  of  fact  these  appeals  were  . 
made,  and  everything  was  done,  to  place  the 
Board  on  a  sound  financial  basis.  As  the  re- 
sult of  all  this  earnest  work,  the  original  debt 
of  $16,000  was  reduced  to  $7,000,  and  had 
the  churches  been  a  little  more  prompt  in 
making  their  remittances,  the  whole  debt 
would  have  been  extinguished. 

8.  It  is  worthy  of  notice  and  a  matter  for 
thanksgiving,  that  after  all  the  precautions 
and  reductions,  the  number  of  students  ap- 
plying for  aid  was  only  eleven  less  than  the 
preceding  year,  the  whole,  number  being 
at  the  close  of  the  year  858-as  against  869  in 
the  previous  year.  Fifty-eight  applicants 
were  declined,  and  it  is  possible  that  many 
others  were  turned  aside  from  the  work  to 
which  they  wished  to  devote  their  lives,  from 
sheer  inability  to  obtain  funds  to  carry  out 
their  purpose  and  pay  their  bills.  This  is 
one  of  the  saddest  features  of  the  case. 

4.  Attention  should  be  called  at  this  point 
to  one  of  the  methods  by  which  during  the 
past  year  the  funds  were  aided  and  the  debt 
diminished.  This  was  through  what  is  called 
the  **  Gratitude  Fund,  "—suggested  by  the 

113 


114 


Action  of  ike  Oeneral  Assemhly. 


[August, 


Rev.  W.  C.  Covert,  of  Minnesota.  The  idea 
was  that  ministers  who  had  received  aid 
from  the  Board — while  preparing  for  their 
work — should  have  the  privilege  of  making 
contributions  in  aid  of  the  Board  in  the  day 
of  its  necessity.  The  sum  thus  contributed 
to  constitute  the  ^^  Gratitude  Fund  ''  amounted 
for  the  year  to  one  thousand  five  hundred 
and  seventy-one  dollars  and  thirty-two  cents 
(11,571.32). 

5.  The  next  matter  to  which  your  Commit- 
tee would  call  the  attention  of  the  Assembly 
is  the  present  great  and  ever  increasing  need 
of  fresh  supplies  for  the  ministry.  We  must 
be  wide-awake  in  this  matter,  or  our  beloved 
church  will  lag  behind.  Ponder  well  the 
following  facts.  In  addition  to  the  169 
churches  of  this  denomination  in  foreign 
fields,  we  have  in  our  own  country  6,901 
regularly  organized  churches. 

For  the  great  work  of  taking  care  of  these 
churches,  after  deducting  388  Foreign  Mis- 
sionaries and  356  engaged  as  Presidents, 
professors,  editors  and  teachers,  there  are 
but  5,119  who  are  marked  as  pastors  and 
stated  supplies — while  there  are  about  930 
who  are  from  various  causes  unemployed  in 
the  work  of  the  ministry.  Some  of  these  are 
aged,  some  are  in  bad  health,  and  some  pos- 
sibly are  ineflicient.  If  we  count  the  one 
half  of  the  unemployed  as  capable  of  labor  in 
the  ministry,  it  leaves  but  4,654  men  to  sup- 
ply the  wants  of  6,901  churches. 

As  a  consequence  of  all  this,  we  have  to 
face  the  fact  that  1,183  of  our  churches  are 
now  marked  vacant,  and  while  many  of  them 
are  small,  yet  in  one  sense  all  of  them  are 
important,  and  no  Presbyterian  church  should 
be  left  to  die  for  want  of  an  under  shepherd 
to  feed  and  foster  it.  The  Roman  Catholic 
Church  does  not  leave  its  parishes  vacant. 
The  Methodist  Church  does  not  leave  its  little 
churches  without  ministrations.  Why  should 
we? 

6.  Now  in  the  next  place  let  us  glance  brief- 
ly at  the  source  of  supplies  for  this  great  want. 

Our  Seminaries  graduated  this  year  only 
228  men  for  the  Gospel  Ministry.  Of  these 
228,  we  may  suppose  that  about  28  will  find 
work  in  the  congregations  of  the  Reformed 
and    other  related  Churches.     This    leaves 


about  020.  Now,  in  the  first  place,  we  lost 
last  year  from  our  ranks  166  by  death  and  dis- 
missal .  It  will  take  more  than  three-quarters 
of  the  200  to  fill  the  vacancies  thus  made. 
This  leaves  of  all  the  men  this  year  graduated, 
but  34  new  men  to  find  their  places  in  the 
1,183  vacant  churches.  Besides  this,  144 
new  churches  have  been  organized  on  an  aver- 
age for  the  past  five  years.  In  view  of  these 
facts,  the  cry  sometimes  raised  that  we  have 
too  many  ministers,  excited  by  the  fact  that 
where  a  good  church  becomes  vacant  there 
are  so  many  applications  for  the  place,  is 
simply  absurd. 

7.  Then  one  other  thing  to  which  we  wish 
to  call  the  attention  of  the  Assembly,  is  the 
grand  results  already  achieved  by  the  Board 
of  Education.  At  this  very  time  in  which 
we  live,  there  are  two  thousand,  four  hundred 
and  eighty-nine  ministers,  variously  employed 
who  found  their  way  into  the  ministry  by 
the  aid  of  this  Board.  This  is  something 
for  those  who  have  given  their  time  and  money 
to  this  great  enterprise  to  be  justly  proud  of. 
More  than  one-third  of  our  whole  ministry 
received  aid  from  this  source.  Ninety-seven 
percent,  of  the  average  amount  expended 
each  year  in  aiding  students,  from  1870  to 
1888,  has  been  invested  in  men  who  have  en- 
tered the  ministry. 

8.  In  addition  to  what  has  been  stated,  we 
wish  to  call  attention  to  one  fact  which  is 
almost  startling — and  that  is,  that  after  this 
Board  has  existed  for  73  years,  and  has  achiev  - 
ed  such  grand  results,  yet  according  to  the 
last  report,  there  are  3,604  of  our  churches 
that  have  not  during  the  past  year  contributed 
a  single  dollar  to  aid  this  great  essential  cause. 
3,291  have  contributed,  and  3,604  have  utter- 
ly failed.  Is  it  any  wonder  then  that  the 
Board  have  been  driven  to  cut  down  the  al- 
ready meagre  appropriations,  and  devise  so 
many  ways  to  meet  their  ever  increasing 
responsibilities  ? 

Inasmuch  as  our  country  is  filling  up  with 
vast  populations,  pouring  in  upon  us  like  a 
mighty  tide,  and  as  the  Board  has  under  its 
charge  representatives  of  the  leading  nations 
of  the  earth, — Germans,  Africans,  Bohemi- 
ans, Bulgarians,  and  others,  it  seems  only 
right  and  proper  that  our  Church  should  heed 


1892.] 


An  Africo-Amerioan  Presbyterian  Elder. 


116 


the  call  to  send  educated  and  eyangelical 
preachers  to  work  among  these  different  na- 
tionalities. 

Last  of  all,  we  feel  called  upon  to  notice 
one  fact  revealed  by  the  tabular  statements 
of  the  Board^s  report,  namely, — that  some  of 
our  wealthiest  and  most  influential  Synods 
draw  as  much  from  the  Board  as  they  contri- 
bute to  it — while  in  other  cases,  some  import- 
ant Synods  draw  from  the  fund  double  the 
amount  of  their  annual  contribution,  thus 
leaving  the  less  able  portions  of  the  Church 
without  that  aid  for  their  students. 

Your  Committee  would  recommend  the 
the  adoption  of  the  following  resolutions : 

''Resolved,  First,  That  the  thanks  of  this 
Assembly  and  the  whole  Church  are  due  to 
the  Board  of  Education  and  to  its  faithful  of- 
ficers for  their  fidelity  and  wisdom  in  con- 
ducting so  successfully  the  affairs  of  this 
Board  during  the  past  year. 

''Ruolved^  Second,  That  in  view   of  the 


great  interests  at  stake,  and  the  pressing  need 
of  men  in  the  evangelistic  field,  we  call  upon 
all  our  ministers,  elders  and  people  to  make 
unusual  efforts  to  increase  the  funds  of  this 
Board,  and  we  specially  entreat  all  churches 
that  did  not  contribute  during  the  past  year 
to  do  what  they  can  to  sustain  the  work  of 
this  most  important  arm  of  the  church.** 

In  view  of  the  above  facts  and  recommen- 
dations is  it  not  incumbent  upon  every  one 
to  ask,  ^What  is  my  duty  in  this  matter*? 
'  What  account  shall  I  render  of  my  steward- 
ship when  it  shall  be  required  of  me'? 
What  answer  will  the  thirty-six  hundred  and 
four  churches  which  gave  nothing  to  this 
Board  last  year,  make  to  this?  This  year, 
doubtless,  a  greater  number  of  students  will 
ask  for  the  Board's  assistance  than  last. 
And,  therefore,  in  order  to  warrant  the  ac- 
ceptance of  all  worthy  applications  and  com- 
plete the  year  without  debt,  at  least  |120,- 
000,  will  be  needed  for  this  work. 


FREEDMEN. 


AN  AFRICO-AMERTCAN  PRESBY- 
TERIAN ELDER. 

MBS.   S.   J.    NEIL. 

[In  sending  us  the  following  sketch  from 
the  rooms  of  the  Board  of  Missions  for  Freed- 
men,  Mrs.  Coulter  writes : — 

I  send  you  a  sketch  of  a  good  old  colored 
elder,  written  by  Mrs.  8.  J.  Neil  who  has  been 
for  many  years  a  missionary  among  the  negroes. 
The  simple  story  interested  me  greatly  and  I 
think  it  will  you.  All  of  our  teachers  who  have 
met  Uncle  Robert  speak  in  the  same  way  of 
him.  Mrs.  Rev.  G.  C  Campbell  in  writing  of 
him  several  months  ago  and  before  his  sickness 
said:  "We  teachers  think  him  a  wonderful 
man.  I  never  heard  him  speak  (and  I  have 
heard  him  many  times)  but  he  had  something  to 
bay  and  that  something  "was  to  the  point  and 


was  something  helpful  to  me  at  least.  His  face 
fairly  shines  with  the  light  from  the  Cross.  " 
We  have  some  of  the  salt  of  the  earth  in  these 
good  old  Uncles  and  Aunties.] 

Robert  Claibourn  was  born  a  slave.  I  do 
not  know  his  exact  age  but  think  he  was  69 
or  70  years  old.  He  was  one  of  the  first 
persons  I  met  when  I  came  to  Amelia  Co., 
in  March  1866.  I  was  told  by  the  lady  with 
whom  I  boarded  that  he  was  one  of  the  best 
men  she  had  ever  known;  adding,  ^^he  carries 
his  religion  in  his  face,  **  and  such  was  the 
testimony  of  everyone.  I  never  heard  anyone 
speak  of  Uncle  Robert  but  to  commend  him 
for  his  upright  life.  He  was  one  of  my  first 
Sunday-school  scholars  at  Big  Oak  and  from 
the  first  would  lead  in  prayer  in  our  meet- 
ings. He  lived  near  the  school-house  and 
came  in  almost  every  day  to  get  a  lesson 
during  recess.    He  could  spell  a  little  when 


116 


An  AfricO'American  Presbyterian  Elder, 


[Augudf 


he  first  came.  His  masier^s  little  boy  had 
promised  to  teach  him  to  read  if  he  would 
play  with  him,  but  ^^Massa^^  found  it  out 
before  he  had  learned  much,  and  that  was 
the  last  of  the  lessons  till  freedom  came. 
He  was  very  fond  of  hearing  me  read  and 
even  at  that  early  day  enjoyed  hearing  the 
^  *  Presbyterian  Banner  *^  read  to  him,  and 
would  sit  for  hours  listening.  He  was  cer- 
tainly a  man  of  far  more  than  ordinary  talent. 

Aug,  26,  1866,  Rev.  T.  G.  Murphy  organ- 
ized a  Presbyterian  Church  at  Big  Oak.  Mr. 
Claibourn  was  one  of  three  Elders  elected 
that  day. 

Many,  many  nights  have  I  known  those 
three  to  meet  and  pray  all  night. 

He  was  very  able  in  prayer  and  often  came 
into  school  and  led  in  prayer.  He  was  a 
man  of  very  tender  feelings  and  a  most  ami- 
able disposition.  He  was  truly  a  safe  coun- 
selor in  Church  matters,  and  while  he  was 
so  gentle  in  dealing  with  those  who  needed 
discipline,  yet,  he  was  yery  earnest  in  show- 
ing them  their  duty  and  in  reproving  wrong 
doing.  He  loved  the  Church  and  had  a  very 
high  sense  of  its  honor  and  was  always  pre- 
pared to  defend  it.  He  loved  and  appre- 
ciated his  liberty  and  spoke  often  and  with 
deep  feeling  of  the  great  privileges  his  people 
enjoyed  and  of  the  great  responsibility  rest- 
ing upon  them,  often  referring  to  the  Child- 
ren of  Israel  as  a  warning  of  unimproved 
privileges.  He  loved  the  Sunday-school  and 
took  great  delight  in  seeing  the  children 
attentive.  They  loved  to  listen  to  his  words 
of  encouragement.  His  address  on  Child- 
ren's Day  was  truly  beautiful.  I  have  known 
Uncle  Robert  for  26  years.  Many  a  day  he 
sat  with  his  musket  in  hand  in  the  pines 
near  the  Big  Oak  Church  to  be  ready  lest 
any  one  came  to  molest  me,  as  the  feeling 
was  very  bitter  against  me  and  my  work  the 
first  year  or  two.  I  was  not  aware  at  the 
time  of  this  protection,  but  I  have  more  faith 
in  his  prayer  for  my  safety  than  in  his 
musket  for  he  has  always  been  a  devout 
Christian  and  great  worker  in  the  Church. 
He  never  seemed  concerned  for  the  things  of 
this  life,  only  so  he  could  see  souls  saved. 
For  four  years  he  came  regularly  once  a 
month  to  preach  for  us  at  Jetersville.     After 


working  hard  all  the  week  he  would  walk 
thirteen  miles  Saturday  evening  and  then 
preach  twice  for  us  on  Sabbath.  This  he 
did  without  any  remuneration  except  a  mere 
pittance  given  him  occasionally.  Last  year 
he  conducted  our  protracted  meeting  almost 
alone,  preaching  every  night  and  leading 
prayer  meeting  every  day  for  two  week.  He 
was  blessed  in  seeing  eleven  received  inta 
the  Church.  He  wept  for  joy  as  ho  took 
each  one  by  the  hand  and  entreated  them  to 
be  faithful.  When  I  would  speak  of  him 
laboring  so  hard  and  doing  so  much  for  us  he 
would  say.  ^  ^  It  is  my  pleasure  to  come  here 
and  do  what  I  can  for  Jesus.''  He  was  fond 
of  singing  and  had  a  real  soft  voice  and  had 
a  great  many  hymns  committed  to  memory. 

I  visited  him  a  week  or  more  before  his 
death.  He  told  me  he  was  praying  for  the 
church,  and  he  longed  to  come  and  speak  to 
his  people  once  more. 

His  sufferings  were  great  and  his  comforts 
very  few,  but  he  was  rejoicing  and  shouting 
over  his  prespect  of  a  Home  in  Heaven.  He 
died  April  12,  1891.  I  think  I  can  almost 
hear  the  ^^Well  done,  good  and  faithful 
servant,"  as  he  entered  into  the  Heavenly 
Jerusalem  he  so  often  referred  to  and  loved 
to  talk  about  while  here.  ^^  They  that  be 
wise  shall  shine  as .  the  brightness  of  the 
firmament,  and  they  that  turn  many  to 
righteousness  as  the  stars  forever  and  ever." 

TRUTH  AND  SOBERNESS. 

Our  hopes  for  our  fellow-citizens  of 
African  descent  are  greatly  strengthened 
by  the  soberness  and  reasonableness  of 
their  thinking  and  their  appeals  to  the 
reasonableness  of  their  countrymen.  They 
wisely  rely  on  moral  and  not  physical  force 
for  their  advancement  to  full  and  undis- 
puted enjoyment  of  the  liberty  which 
emancipation  began  to  give  them.  This  is 
well  illustrated  by  the  action  of  the  recent 
Convention  of  colored  people  at  Cincin- 
nati. 

In  their  address  to  the  people  of  the 
United  States,  they  use  the  following  tem- 
perate and  just  language: 


1892.] 


Report  of  the  Standing  Committee. 


117 


We  appeal  to  the  American  people  in  the 
imperial  name  of  Justice.  The  problem  to 
be  solved  is  not  a  negro  problem.  The  so- 
called  negroes  are  scarcely  one -tenth  of  the 
people  of  this  country.  They  are  powerless 
to  solve  any  problem,  but  may  again  be  the 
victims  of  the  nation^s  injustice  and  the  oc- 
casion of  the  nation's  condemnation. 

We  ask  nothing  of  you  in  behalf  of  colored 
people,  except  the  right  to  eat  the  bread  our 
own  hands  have  earned,  to  dwell  safely  in 
our  own  homes,  to  pursue  our  vocations  in 
peace,  to  be  granted  a  fair  and  equal  oppor- 
tunity in  the  race  of  life,  to  be  protected 
under  the  law  and  to  be  judged  according  to 
the  law.  We  appeal  to  you  against  murder 
and  violence,  against  robbery  and  extortion, 
against  hasty  and  cruel  judgments,  against 


fierce  mobs  that  outrage  our  people  and  deso- 
late their  homes. 

We  appeal  to  the  colored  people  in  every 
part  of  our  land  to  bear  in  mind  that  their 
prosperity  and  advancement  in  civil  rights 
and  political  influence  will  depend  upon 
themselves ;  that  the  consideration  given  them 
will  be  in  proportion  to  their  own  good  con- 
duct and  approved  good  character.  For  this 
reason  we  appeal  to  them  to  practice  indus- 
try, that  they  may  prove  their  own  capacity 
to  sustain  themselves;  to  practice  economy 
and  sobriety  that  they  may,  out  of  their  own 
savings,  secure  a  fair  measure  of  independ- 
ence ;  to  be  patient  and  respectful,  orderly, 
law-abiding  and  honest,  that  they  may  win 
the  reputation  of  desirable  neighbors  and 
good  citizens. 


PUBLICATION  AND  SABBATH-SCHOOL  WORK. 


REPORT  OF  THE  STANDING  COM- 
MITTEE. 

At  the  close  of  an  exceedingly  able  and 
exhaustive  Report,  the  Standing  Com- 
mittee of  the  General  Assembly  remarked 
as  follows : 

IMPORTANCE   OF  THE  BOARD'S   WORK. 

"  After  a  somewhat  extended  survey  of 
the  department  of  Christian  service  com- 
mitted to  the  Board  of  Publication  and 
Sabbath-school  Work,  your  Committee  is 
deeply  impressed  with  its  importance.  It 
is  at  the  front  in  the  evangelization  of  our 
country.  It  is  the  pioneer  of  the  Church ; 
the  voice  crying  in  the  wilderness.  In 
quietness  and  without  observation,  trust- 
ing in  God,  it  lays  the  foundation,  pre- 
pares the  way  for  the  organized  church. 


the  permanent  pastor,  and  also  the  ordi- 
nances of  the  house  of  God.  Whilst  the 
Christian  college  is  preparing  young  men 
for  the  ministry,  and  the  Board  of  Edu- 
cation is  extending  its  helpful  aid,,  this 
Board  is  opening  doors  to  fields  of  useful- 
ness, which,  through  its  labors,  are  al- 
ready white  for  the  harvest,  appealing  for 
the  missionaries  whom  the  Board  of  Home 
Missions  sends  forth,  and  to  the  Board  of 
Church  Erection  for  houses  of  worship  to 
shelter  the  little  flocks  they  have  gathered 
along  the  bridle-paths  of  the  world's  ad- 
vance. Inasmuch  as  this  Board  reaches 
life  at  its  very  sources,  and  gives  it  direc- 
tion thence,  it  performs  a  conspicuous 
part  in  providing  ministers  and  elders, 
home  and  foreign  missionaries,  and  all  the 
Christiw  agencies  by  which   these  grow- 


118 


Report  of  the  Standing  Committee. 


{Aug%isty 


ing  districts  of  the  West  shall  be  brought 
under  Immanuel's  rule  and  prepared  for 
the  higher  and  endless  service  of  the  world 
to  come.  And  it  is  not  only  the  van-guard 
of  the  Church,  but  it  is  also  a  nursing 
mother  to  the  households  of  faith  it  estab- 
lishes, the  pastor's  most  efficient  helper, 
the  friend  of  the  children,  the  educator  of 
the  youth,  and  the  solace  of  old  age. 

LITERATUKB. 

*'  The  literature  of  the  Board  supplies,  as 
far  as  possible,  a  great  and  urgent  need. 
We  cannot  exaggerate  the  value  of  books 
and  periodicals,  which  inculcate  and  sup- 
port the  truth  as  against  the  most  danger- 
ous errors. 

'^  Much  is  to  be  feared  from  the  skepti- 
cism of  the  age.  Conspicuous  intellects, 
great  though  darkened,  are  arrayed 
against  evangelical  religion.  Atheism 
denies  the  existence  of  God;  Pantheism 
denies  his  personality;  Rationalism  denies 
the  authority  of  his  Word ;  Humanitarian- 
ism  betrays  Christ  with  a  kiss,  and  In- 
differentism  repudiates  all  human  respon- 
sibility. Only  perpetual  vigilance  can 
conserve  the  simple,  true,  soul- saving  gos- 
pel of  Christ,  the  only  hope  of  a  lost 
world. 

'*  This  Board  of  our  Church,  through  its 
consecrated  missionaries  and  scriptural 
literature,  seeks  to  resist  and  counteract 
the  rationalistic  and  infidel  tendencies  of 
our  times,  and  to  give  the  crown  of  uni- 
versal dominion  to  Him  who  is  God  over 
all,  blessed  forever  more. 

^^  Each  depository  of  this  Board  in  the 
great  centres  of  population  in  all  parts  of 
our  land,  not  thrust  into  a  corner,  but 
looking  out  in  the  highways  of  human 


life,  accessible  to  the  hastening  throng, 
may  be  the  source  of  a  corrective  and  life- 
giving  influence  which  may  be  as  abiding 
as  the  race,  and  every  missionary  who  car- 
ries this  literature  into  irreligious  or 
Christian  homes  may  be  the  instrument  of 
leading  many  into  a  knowledge  of  the 
truth  and  confirming  the  faith  of  those 
who  believe.  It  is  the  judgment  of  your 
Committee  that  the  Board  should  con- 
tinue to  strengthen  this  department  of  its 
work,  seeking  and  securing,  as  far  as  pos- 
sible, the  contributions  to  its  literature  of 
the  strongest  intellects  of  the  land  and  the 
world,  and  advancing  this  part  of  its  mis- 
sion with  the  utmost  energy,  and  a  per- 
sistence that  shall  never  yield. 

COMMENDATION. 

' '  In  conclusion,  for  the  energy  and  faith- 
fulness of  the  officers  and  employees  of  the 
Board,  and  for  the  great  and  encouraging 
results  attained  during  the  year,  it  is  fit- 
ting that  we  should  express  deepest  grati- 
tude to  God,  and  gather  from  it  an  in- 
spiration for  further  service.  Living  in 
one  of  the  most  energetic  periods  of 
human  history,  great  religious  and  social 
problems  crowding  the  closing  year  of  this 
Nineteenth  century,  the  sixth  day  of  the 
world's  progress,  beyond  which  not  far 
away  may  lie  the  Sabbath  of  righteous- 
ness and  peace,  it  becomes  us  to  do  what- 
soever our  hands  find  to  do,  in  the  fear  of 
God,  in  love  to  Christ  and  souls,  without 
delay  and  with  our  might. 

' '  Your  Committee  recommends  the  adop- 
tion by  the  General  Assembly  of  the  follow- 
ing resolution : 

'*  We  earnestly  commend  this  Board  to 
the  sympathies  and  prayers  of  all  our 


1892.] 


Hems  from  the  Annual  Report  of  (he  Board. 


119 


people,  and  earnestly  recommend  that  our 
churches  and  Babbath-schools  contribute 
to  it  during  the  coming  year  not  less  than 
1150,000."        

ITEMS   FROM    THE    ANNUAL    RE- 
PORT OP  THE  BOARD. 
MISSIONARY  DEPARTMENT. 

MISSIONARIES. 

The  entire  number  of  Missionaries  at 
work  during  the  whole  or  a  portion  of 
last  year  was  145.  Of  these,  72  were  Per- 
manent, of  whom  58  are  still  in  commis- 
sion; and  73  were  Theological  Students 
who  labored  during  their  summer  vacation. 

ORGANIZATIONS   AND    REORGANIZATIONS. 

The  Missionaries  organized  961  new 
schools,  in  addition  to  which  123  were  or- 
ganized under  a  standing  offer  of  the 
Board  to  furnish  free  supplies  of  hymn 
books,  lesson  helps,  papers  and  Bibles  to  any 
person  establishing  a  Presbyterian  Sabbath- 
school,  making  a  total  of  1,084  organiza- 
tions. The  Missionaries  re-organized  311 
schools.  Into  these  schools  were  gathered 
49,000  teachers  and  scholars. 

MISSIONARY  WORK. 

In  the  performance  of  their  work,  the 
Missionaries  visited  68,777  families  and 
3,454  Sabbath-schools;  deliyered  7,338 
addresses;  and  traveled  377,782  miles. 

GRANTS. 

The  number  of  pages  of  tracts  and 
periodicals  distributed  by  our  Mission- 
aries was  2,601,629;  the  number  directly 
granted  by  the  Sabbath-school  and  Mis- 
sionary G<Hnmittee,  was  14,197,356 ;  total, 
16,798,985.  In  addition  to  these  grants, 
the  Department  distributed  89,024  vol- 
umes of  Christian  literature,   of   which 


5,339  were  Bibles.  Of  this  number,  the 
Missionaries  gave  away,  other  than  Bibles, 
63,355,  and  sold  5,055. 

The  number  of  volumes  directly  donated 
by  the  Sabbath-school  and  Missionary 
Committee  was  15,279. 

The  number  of  Sabbath-schools  aided 
by  these  grants  was  1,787.  The  num- 
ber of  grants  made  to  churches  and  indi- 
viduals was  584. 

Every  working  day  in  the  year  the 
Board  gave  away  279  volumes,  and  55,996 
pages  of  tracts  and  religious  papers. 

CLOTHING      FOR      DESTITUTE     CHILDREN 
DURING   THE   WINTER   OF   1891-92. 

Many  of  our  Missionaries  made  such 
representation  of  the  needs  of  hundreds 
of  children  who,  because  of  the  lack  of 
clothing,  were  unable  to  attend  either  day 
or  Sabbath-school,  that  an  appeal  was 
issued  to  Sabbath-schools  and  the  various 
benevolent  societies  of  Presbyterian 
churches  in  behalf  of  these  destitute  little, 
ones.  The  response  was  prompt  and 
generous.  Boxes  and  barrels  of  clothing 
were  forwarded  to  the  Missionaries  to  the 
value  of  over  $8,000.  No  fewer  than  six 
thousand  children  and  youth  were  thus 
enabled  to  attend  the  Sabbath-schools. 

PERMANENCY   OF  THE  SCHOOLS. 

Each  year  a  census  is  taken  of  schools 
that  were  organized  during  the  preceding 
year.  Reports  have  been  received  during 
the  year  just  closed  of  the  schools  that 
were  directly  organized  by  our  Mission- 
aries between  April  1,  1890,  and  April  1, 
1891,  from  which  the  following  facts  are 
gathered :  Of  the  1,209  schools  organized, 
742  are  alive  and  flourishing;  332  have 
succumbed   to  circumstances;    135   have 


120                        Receipts  and  Expehditures — Editorial  Department.  [Avgust, 

not  been  heard   from.      From    the    742  those  contributed  by  the  Business  Depart- 

living  schools  55  churches  have  already  ment.* 

grown.  RESULTS    OF    FOUR    YEARS'    WORK — APRIL 

It  will  enable  us  in   some  degree   to  1,  1888  to  april  1,  1892. 

realize  the  magnitude  and  importance  of  In  obedience  to  the  directions  of  the 

the  work  that  was  performed  by  our  Mis-  General  Assembly  of  1887,  the  practical 

sionaries  during  the  year  that  closed  April  organization  of  the   Sabbath-school  and 

1,  twelve  months  ago,  to  consider  the  fact  Missionary  Department  of  this  Board  was 

that  they  established,  on  an  average,  each  completed,  and  it  entered  upon  its  labors, 

day  of  that  year,  two  schools  that  co?i/tw?/e  April  1,  1888.     We  have,  therefore,  the 

to  live;  and  also  the  further  fact  that  from  period  of  four  years  in  which  to  note  the 

those  living  schools  one  church  has  already  results  of  this  new  enterprise, 

grown  for  every  Sabbath  of  the  year.  Whilst  it  is  true  that  four  years  in  the 

The  135  schools  established  during  that  operation  of  this  branch  of  the  Church's 

year  under  the  offer  of  the  Board  to  supply  evangelizing    activities    can    scarcely    be 

needed  books  and  lesson-helps,  are  all  alive  deemed    sufficient    time   for  a  complete 

and  flourishing.     These  added  to  the  742  judgment  upon  it  from  all  points  of  view, 

schools  established  by  the  direct  efforts  of  they  may  enable  us  partially  to  answer  the 

our  Missionaries  make   a    total   of    877  question:    Has  the  wisdom  of  the  Church 

living  Sabbath-schools  that,  in  the  year  in  the  formation  of  this  arm  of  missionary 

ending  April  1,  1891,  were  added  to  our  effort  been  vindicated? 

lists.  The  following  statement  affords  a  satis- 

RBCEIPTS  and  EXPEJfDiTURES.  factory  auswcr: 

The    Missionary    Department     has     re-  Sabbath-schools  organized   by  missiona- 

,  ries  aod  under  special  offer, 4,614 

ceived,  for  its  current  funds,   during  the  persons  gathered  into  theee  schools,      .    .       171,590 

year,   $126,816.20,    of    which    136,515.15  Number  of  volumes  given  away,     .    .    .       341,331 

"^  Number  of  pages  of  tracts  and  periodicals 

came  from  churches  and  $48,012.12  from        given  away, 5i,4i9,i65 

Sabbath-schools;      16,707.85     from     indi-  Number  of  grante  of  books,  tracts,  peri- 

'  '  odicals  and  lesson-helps, 7,bD7 

vidual   contributors;  $5,088.40  from  in-     Net  value  of  grants, $61,254.70 

,          .            .          A   J    #      J        Aoeo  tv/\    *  Families  visited  by  missionaries,  .    .    .    .       235,(©4 

terest  on  invested  funds;   $358.70  from 

bank  interest  on  balances;  $330.76  from  "" 

profits  on  sales  by  Missionaries;  and  *' Presbyterian  Hymnals,  "new  or  second - 
$29,803.22  from  the  Business  Depart-  baud,  will  be  thankfully  received  by  the 
ment,  being  two-thirds  of  the  net  profits  Kev.  G.  E.  Sanderson,  Redmon,  Edgar  Co., 
of  that  Department  for  the  year.  The  Illiuois.  Dr.  S-inderson  has  charge  of  two 
receipts  were  $29,463.66  above  those  re-  Mission  Churches,  in  which  the  hymn- 
ported  in  1891.  books  are  needed.  Send  to  his  ad- 
The  total  expenditures  of  the  year  were  dress  or  to  Everett  Stewart,  603.  Chestnut 
$110,167.98,  being  $3,209  in  excess  of  street,  Philadelphia,  who  will  forward  to 
the   receipts    for    the    year    other    than  him. 


MINISTERIAL    RELIEF. 


ACTION  OF  THE  GENERAL  ASSEMBLY. 

The  Chairman  of  the  Standing  Commit- 
tee to  which  the  General  Assembly  in  Port- 
land referred  the  report  of  the  Board  of 
Ministerial  Relief,  was  the  Rev.  Thomas 
H.  Robinson,  D.  D.,  of  Allegheny.  The 
report  of  the  Committee,  unanimously 
adopted  by  the  Assembly,  was  made  at 
•the  close  of  the  afternoon  of  Monday,  May 
23rd,  and  we  give  from  it  the  following 
extracts : — 

An  examination  of  the  Annual  Report 
gives  abundant  reason  for  gratefulness  to 
God  for  the  measure  of  success  that  has  at- 
tended the  work  of  the  Board  for  the  last 
ecclesiastical  year.  The  year  has  evidently 
been  one  of  diligent  and  faithful  service,  on 
the  part  of  those  to  whom  the  church  has 
committed  this  department  of  her  benevolent 
activities. 

The  Committee  call  the  attention  of  the 
Assembly  to  the  following  statements  drawn 
from  the  history  of  the  Board  during  the  past 
year.  Presbyterial  recommendations  for  aid 
were  received  from  168  Presbyteries.  The 
number  on  the  roll  of  the  Board  to  whom 
remittances  were  sent  during  the  year  ending 
April  1,  1892,  was  682.  To  these  must  be 
added  18  families  provided  for  during  the 
year  at  the  Ministers^  House  at  Perth  Amboy, 
N.  J.,  in  lieu  of  receiving  a  remittance  in 
money,  making  a  total  of  700  families  upon 
the  roll  of  the  Board  during  the  past  year, 
an  increase  of  41  over  last  year. 

The  namber  of  families  upon  the  Roll  of 
the  Board  has  steadily  increased  since  the 
year  1886,  being  now  nearly  200  larger  than 
at  that  date.  The  number  of  persons  who 
have  shared  in  the  appropriations  made  by 
the  Board  to  the  700  families  aided  may  be 
estimated  at  not  less  than  2,500. 

During  the  year,  one  hundred  and  ten  new 
names  were  added  to  the  Roll ;  that  is,  fifty- 
nine  ministers,  forty-eight -widows  and  three 
orphan    families.     During    the   same   time. 


fifty-eight  were  removed  from  the  Roll  by 
death,  forty- five  ministers,  twelve  widows 
and  one  orphan.  A  few  others  who  no  long- 
er needed  the  help  of  the  Board  have  with- 
drawn their  application  for  aid. 

The  apparently  large  increase  in  the  num- 
ber of  applications  for  aid  since  1886  is  due 
in  lai'ge  measure  to  the  wise  action  of  the 
Assembly  of  1889,  which  entitled  every  hon- 
orably retired  minister  over  70  years  of  age, 
who  is  in  need  and  has  served  the  church 
as  pastor,  stated  supply,  or  missionary,  for 
a  period  of  not  less  than  80  years,  to  draw 
from  the  Board  an  Annual  sum  for  his  sup- 
port. There  are  now  upon  the  Roll  of  the 
Board  68  venerable  men  who  are  receiving 
from  $260  to  |300  for  their  support  in  their 
helpless  old  age.  The  entire  sum  appropriat- 
ed to  these  aged  servants  of  God  and  bis 
Church,  during  the  past  year  was  $18,800, 
only  an  average  of  $269  to  each  family.  The 
patriarch  in  this  company  is  in  his  92nd  year; 
twenty  eight  are  over  80 ;  the  average  age  is 
over  76,  and  the  average  number  of  years 
spent  in  the  ministry  is  nearly  48  years. 
The  Church  should  deem  it  a  great  privilege 
to  brighten  with  her  gifts  the  last  days  of 
these  servants  of  Christ. 

The  income  of  the  Board  from  all  sources 
during  the  past  year  was  $161,714.48  and  is 
the  largest  income  the  Board  has  ever  receiv- 
ed. Of  this  amount  $92,026.47,  came  in 
contributions  from  churches  and  Sabbath- 
schools,  and  $11,817  65  from  individuals, 
making  a  total  from  the  church  of  $108,844.12 
The  remainder,  $57,870.81  was  from 
the  income  of  the  Permanent  Fund,  interest 
on  Bank  deposits  and  miscellaneous  receipts. 
It  is  a  matter  of  sincere  regret  to  report  that 
the  enlarged  income  of  the  year  is  wholly 
due  to  an  increase  in  the  Permanent  Fund. 
The  contributions  from  the  Churches  have 
fallen  off  $2,092.80  and  from  individuals 
$2,578.89,    a  total  of  $4,671.69. 

While  it  maj'  be  deemed  a  matter  of  con- 
gratulation that  the  result  of  the  operations  of 

121 


122 


Action  of  the  OenercU  Assembly. 


[Augud, 


the  year  is  a  balance  of  $4,965.87,  which  with 
the  amount  left  in  the  treasury  at  the  close  of 
last  year  gives  a  good  working  balance  to  carry 
the  Board  through  the  summer  months,  we 
call  attention  to  the  fact  that  needs  to  be  em- 
phasized and  remembered,  that  the  average 
appropriation  to  each  family  aided  by  the 
Board  from  the  contributions  of  the  Church 
alone  has  fallen  from  $199  in  1886  to  $148  in 
1891,  a  decrease  of  $51  per  family.  But  for 
the  supplemental  aid  from  the  income  of  the 
Permanent  Fund,  the  beneficiaries  of  the 
Church  would  have  been  in  straits.  The  be- 
nevolence of  the  church  is  not  keeping  pace 
with  enlarging  demands  nor  with  her  aug- 
mentiAg  ability  to  give. 

We  remind  the  Assembly  of  the  following 
facts:  First,  that  whilst  the  membership 
and  the  wealth  of  the  church  have  greatly  in- 
creased during  the  past  four  years,  the  contri- 
bution of  the  churches  to  this  cause  during 
the  past  year  is  but  $26  above  the  average  for 
the  four  years.  With  all  her  increasing  power 
of  numbers  and  of  wealth,  the  beneficence  of 
the  church  stands  four  vears  in  arrear  of  the 
times. 

Sec»ondly,  we  note  the  fact,  upon  whicli 
comment  is  surely  unnecessary,  that  more 
than  one-half  of  our  churches  are  reported  as 
having  utterly  failed  to  contribute  any  thing  to 
this  noble  beneficence.  The  contributing 
churches  number  3,226;  the  non -contributing 
3,552. 

The  total  amount  drawn  out  by  the  Presby- 
teries from  the  treasury  of  the  Board,  exceeds 
the  contributions  from  the  churches  by  the 
large  sum  of  $44,725.43.  This  sum  indicates 
the  amount  of  relief  from  present  duty  and 
privilege  the  church  of  to-day  is  receiving  an- 
nually from  the  gifts  of  generous  men  and 
women  in  the  past  through  their  endowment 
of  a  permanent  fund.  Our  Board  of  Minis- 
terial Relief  might  justly  and  unfortunately 
be  called  a  Board  of  Church  Relief.  It  is  one 
of  the  results  of  past  generosities  that  the  in- 
come of  the  Permanent  Fund  serves  to  relieve 
the  church  of  to-day  from  both  obligation  and 
privilege.  This  evil  should  be  corrected  as 
promptly  as  possible.  The  Permanent  Fund 
will  prove,  as  similar  funds  have  done  in  the 
past,  a  curse  to  the  church  so  far  as  it  checks 


the  generosity  of  the  people  of  Grod.  Each 
generation  needs  the  burdens  God  puts  upon 
it.  It  should  take  care  of  its  own.  The  En- 
dowment Fund  of  this  Board  was  not  intended 
to  encourage  Christian  people  of  any  succeed- 
ing age  to  cast  from  their  minds  and  hearts 
the  divine  burden  of  loving  and  caring  for 
those  servants  of  the  church  who  have  worn 
themselves  out  for  her  welfare.  The  church 
needs  these  claimants  on  her  love  and  help  far 
more  than  thev  need  her. 

Past  Assemblies  have  urged  the  use  of  spec- 
ial means  to  teach  and  persuade  Christian 
people  to  bear  this  cause  upon  their  minds 
and  hearts.  The  people  still  need  to  see  more 
clearly  and  to  feel  more  deeply  their  duty  in 
this  matter.  Your  Committee  would  call  the 
attention  of  Pastors  and  especially,  the  large 
body  of  our  intelligent  Ruling  Elders  to  the 
efficient  work  they  may  do  both  in  the  instruc- 
tion of  the  people  and  in  securing  their  offer- 
ings for  these  servants  of  God,  to  whom  no- 
thing now  remains  but  to  pray  and  wait. 

Our  Presbyteries  need  the  gentle  reminder 
that  this  Board  works  under  strictly  defined 
limitations,  imposed  by  the  Assembly.  It 
cannot  care  for  all  the  poor  in  the  church. 
It  exists  to  relieve  disabled  ministers  and  the 
widows  and  orphans  of  deceased  ministers. 
Its  beneficent  aid  is  not  general  but  particular. 
In  making  their  recommendations  for  aid, 
the  Presbyteries  should  remember  the  fair  and 
usual  limitations  that  are  given  to  the  mean- 
ing of  the  terms  that  define  the  Applicants 
for  the  aid  of  the  church. 

Your  Committee  recommends  the  adop- 
tion of  the  following  resolutions : 

That  the  General  Assembly  commends 
anew  to  the  whole  Church  the  impreaaive 
claims  of  this  Board  and  calls  upon  every 
pastor  and  stated  supply  and  church  session 
to  see  to  it  that  the  cause  represented  by  this 
Board  be  fully  and  faithfully  presented  to 
the  people  and  that  their  offerings  for  it  be 
earnestly  sought. 

That,  in  harmony  with  the  recommenda- 
tion of  past  Assemblies,  this  Assembly  earn- 
estly recommends  that  the  gifts  from  the 
churches  and  Sabbath-schools  and  from  in- 
dividuals be  raised  to  a  sum  not  less  than  one 
hundred  and  fifty  thousand  dollars. 


CHURCH    ERECTION. 


ACTION  OF  THE  GENERAL  ASSEM- 
BLY. 

We  give  below  extracts  from  the  report 
of  the  Standing  Committee — The  recom- 
mendations were  unanimously  adopted. — 

GENERAL  ASPECT  OF  THE  WORK. 

Among  the  agencies  which  the  Church  em- 
ploys for  extending  the  Kingdom  of  Christ, 
few  are  more  vitally  rel&ted  to  its  interests 
than  the  Board  whose  work  we  are  called  to 
review.  It  is  the  right  arm  of  all  successful 
Home  Missionary  efforts;  and  upon  its  efS- 
cient  administration  the  aggressive  work  of  the 
Church-largely  depends.  The.visible  church 
edifice  is  an  important  factor  in  developing 
the  invisible  Church  life ;  and  more  than  it 
has  hitherto  done,  does  the  Presbyterian 
Church  need  to  emphasize  and  enlarge  this 
department  of  Christian  service. 

Like  every  other  phase  of  aggressive  Chris- 
tian activity,  the  work  of  the  Board  is  con- 
stantly increasing.  Urgent  appeals  for  aid 
come  to  it  from  all  quarters.  Wherever  a 
new  church  is  organized  a  new  house  of  wor- 
ship is  needed,  and  since  most  of  these  new 
churches  are  in  comparatively  destitute  lo- 
calities, help  in  rearing  their  new  houses  of 
worship  is  an  imperative  necessity.  During 
the  past  year  formal  applications  have  been 
received  for  aid  in  erecting  171  churches  and 
58  manses,  the  aggregate  sum  asked  for  hav- 
ing been  $97,240  for  church  buildings,  and 
$21,985  for  manses,  a  total  of  $119,225. 
Adding  to  these  the  number  of  informal  re- 
quests preferred,  most  of  which  will  even- 
tuate in  formal  appropriations,  the  number 
of  congregations  desiring  aid  in  the  erection 
of  churches  and  manses  would  be  scarcely 
less  than  300  and  the  sum  required  to  meet 
the  emergency  is  fully  $150,000. 

In  response  to  these  applications,  aid  has 
been  granted  during  the  year  to  168  churches 
in  the  erection  of  church  buildings,  and  to 
forty-four  churchesin  the  erection  of  manses, 
the  sum  of  $88,369  having  been  given  to  the 


former,  and  the  sum  of  $16,425  having  been 
appropriated  to  the  latter.  The  number  of 
churches  reached  in  all  departments  of  the 
work  has  been  two  hundred  and  fifty-two, 
and  the  aggregate  amount  placed  for  their  aid 
$106,242.  One  hundred  and  sixty-four 
churches  and  manses  have  been  completed 
without  debt  during  the  year  through  the  aid 
of  the  Board,  aggregating  in  value,  nearly 
$400,000.  These  appropriations,  moreover, 
have  been  scattered  over  twenty -four  Synods, 
ninety-five  Presbyteries,  and  thirty-two  States 
and  Territories. 

CONTRIBUTIONS  INSUPFICIENT. 

It  is  indeed  gratifying  to  note  the  fact  that 
one  hundred  and  fifty-five  churches  more  than 
last  year  have  contributed  this  year  to  the 
treasury  of  the  Board ;  but  out  of  our  six 
thousand  nine  hundred  and  ninety-two  con- 
gregations three  thousand  six  hundred  and 
fifteen  have  given  nothing  during  the  past 
twelvemonths  In  behalf  of  this  worthy  object. 
This  failure  of  more  than  one  half  of  our 
churches  to  contribute  even  a  small  amount 
to.  the  funds  of  the  Board  is  absolutely  un- 
warrantable, and  deserves  the  censure  of  the 
General  Assembly.  With  rare  exceptions 
all  these  churches  could  have  given  something ; 
and  the  contribution  of  even  a  single  dollar 
on  the  part  of  each  of  them  would  have  en- 
abled the  Board  to  assist  several  needy  en- 
terprises which  have  now  been  compelled  to 
suffer.  Far-reaching  in  their  results  are 
these  failures  of  individual  churches  to  dis- 
charge the  duties  which  God  and  the  Church 
have  devolved  upon  them. 

Closely  allied  to  this  cause  of  decreased 
contributions  is  the  tendency  of  the  churches 
in  our  large  cities  to  contribute  to  local  needs 
at  the  expense  of  general  interests.  Church 
extension  is  the  laudable  effort  of  many  of 
our  wealthier  churches  and  stronger  Presby- 
teries. All  honor  to  the  spirit  which  prompts 
the  strong  to  bear  the  infirmities  of  the  weak 
in  their  own  communities.  But  upon  these 
very  churches  and  Presbyteries  is  devolved 

128 


124 


Aviion  of  the  Gen&rcd  Assembly. 


\_Auffndf 


the  duty  of  relieving  the  necessities  of  weak 
churches  in  remote  and  destitute  neighbor- 
hoods; and  while  our  ]arge  city  churches 
should  not  abate  one  iota  of  their  zeal  for 
church  extension  at  home,  they  ought  also 
to  be  mindful  of  the  claims  on  their  contri- 
butions of  churches  which  are  planted  in 
more  sparsely  settled  and  less  financially 
endowed  communities.  To  such  an  extent 
has  this  system  of  local  charity  come  to  pre- 
vail that  last  year  more  than  eighty -two  per 
cent,  of  the  amount  reported  in  the  columns 
of  our  statistical  tables  appropriated  to 
Church  erection  was  given  elsewhere  than  to 
this  Board.  Only  a  little  more  than  seven- 
teen per  cent,  reached  its  treasury.  The 
discrepancy  in  the  case  of  this  agency  of  the 
Church  is  three-fold  greater  than  in  that  of 
any  other  Board.  It  would  seem  but  just  to 
the  Church  and  the  Board  that  all  our  larger 
Synods  and  Presbyteries  should  pay  into  the 
treasury  of  the  Board  of  Church  Erection  at 
least  as  much  as  they  ask  it  to  return  to  them, 
and  that  the  large  sums  given  as  special  con- 
tributions should  pass  through  this  organized 
and  approved  agency  of  our  Church. 

INTEREST  IN  THE  MANSE  WORK. 

Your  committee  notes  with  extreme  satis- 
faction the  increasing  interest  on  the  part  of 
the  churches  in  the  erection  of  manses. 
While  among  our  wealthier  congregations  a 
manse  is  a  source  of  comfort  to  a  minister, 
among  our  feebler  organizations  it  is^itlmost 
a  necessity  to  the  church.  Ordinarily  a 
manse  built  and  paid  foi  is  a  partial  endow- 
ment of  the  church.  It  counts  very  consid- 
erably on  the  salary  of  the  pastor,  besides 
relieving  him  from  frequent  changes  of  resi- 
dence which  imperil  his  comfort  and  impair 
his  efficiency.  We  cannot  too  strongly  ap- 
prove of  this  department  of  the  Board''swork, 
nor  too  heartily  commend  to  the  churches 
the  advantges  resulting  from  availing  them- 
selves of  the  provisions  offered  for  their 
acceptance. 

THE  LOAN  FUND. 

In  accordance  with  the  recommendation  of 
the  last  Greneral  Assembly  the  Board  has 
during  the  past  year  enlarged  the  sphere  of 


its  operations  by  establishing  a  Loan  Fund 
to  be  employed  in  assisting  in  the  erec- 
tion of  churches  not  by  absolute  grants  but 
by  temporary  loans.  In  accordance  with  the 
directions  of  the  last  G-eneral  Assembly  the 
details  of  the  plan  are  set  forth  by  the  Board 
in  its  annual  report  to  the  Assembly  and 
indicate  wise  forethought  and  msirked  busi- 
ness sagacity.  All  over  our  country  young 
churches  are  being  organized  whose  prosper- 
ity demands  the  erection  of  buildings  exceed- 
ing in  expense  their  present  ability,  but  not 
their  prospective  «eeds.  Many  of  these 
churches  are  debarred  from  borrowing 
through  the  ordinary  channels  by  the  high 
rates  of  interest  they  are  required  to  pay, 
and  can  only  find  the  relief  they  need  through 
this  department  of  the  Board^s  efficient  effort. 
Under  the  will  of  the  late  Mrs.  Mary  Stuart, 
of  New  York,  the  Board  has  been  made  one 
of  the  residuary  legatees  of  her  estate  ;  and 
there  is  good  re-ison  to  believe  that  the  sum 
expected  to  accrue  from  this  source  will  con- 
stitute a  satisfactory  nucleus  for  the  fund 
which  the  Board  has  thus  organized.  The 
Church,  however,  should  by  no  means 
depend  upon  this  single  legacy  for  the  estab- 
lishment and  maintenance  of  this  fund;  but 
should  put  forth  strenuous  efforts  to  secure 
an  increased  basis  for  the  loans,  it  proposes 
to  negotiate.  The  attention  of  those  whom 
God  has  gifted  with  wealth  is  specially  called 
to  this  new  phase  of  Christian  effort. 

There  are  two  classes  of  congregations  that 
apply  to  the  Board  for  aid :  (1)  Infant  churches 
that  need  absolute  grants  to  enable  them  to 
secure,  without  burdens  imperiling  their  lives, 
their  church  homes;  and  (2)  young  churches 
well  established,  but  whose  growth  and  well, 
being  demand  the  erection  of  more  expensive 
buildings,  which,  however,  the  church  can  it- 
self erect  if  the  time  of  payment  can  be  ex. 
tended  over  several  years.  The  needs  of 
this  latter  class,  which  are  as  imperative 
temporarily  as  that  of  the  former,  can  be  suffi- 
ciently met  by  loans  payable  in  annual  in- 
stallments either  with  or  without  a  low  inter- 
est. Many  such  cases,  debarred  from  borrow- 
ing through  the  ordinary  channels  by  the 
high  rates  of  interest  demanded,  apply  for 
such  aid  to  this  Board.     This  help,  owing  to 


1892.] 


Action  of  the  General  Assembly. 


125 


the  many  pressing  dem<inds  of  congregations 
of  the  former  class,  the  Board  has  hitherto 
been  constrained  to  deny. 

It  is  to  meet  the  case  of  this  latter  class 
that  the  Loan  Fund,  a  department  entire- 
ly distinct  from  the  General  Fund  has 
been  established. 

To  provide  for  its  eflSciency  special 
contributions  are  invited  from  churches 
and  individuals. 

Contributions  may  also  be  accepted 
with  the  promise  that  the  sums  given 
shall  be  subject  to  the  payment  of  interest 
to  the  donors  during  their  life  time. 
This  plan  has  long  been  in  practice  in 
other  denominations  and  with  excellent 
results;  Christian  men  and  women  thus 
becoming  their  own  executors  and  at  the 
same  time  receiving  during  their  lifetime 
the  benefit  of  the  property  they  propose  to 
entrust  to  the  church  for  the  furtherance 
of  the  cause  of  Christ. 

The  fund  thus  established  may  be  loaned 
in  small  sums  to  such  churches  as  shall  be 
proper  recipients  under  the  following  con- 
ditions: 

(1)  Loans  shall  be  made  only  to  such 
churches  as  give  promise  of  permanent 
life  and  strength. 

(2)  No  loan  shall  be  made  ordinarily  to 
aid  in  the  erection  of  an  edifice  costing 
more  than  $10,000. 

(3)  No  loans  to  any  one  church  shall 
ordinarily  exceed  either  the  sum  of  $5,000, 
or  one-half  the  value  of  the  proposed  lot 
and  edifice. 

The  loans  thus  made  shall  be  ordinarily 
returned  within  ten  years  iu  annual  in- 
stallments, the  amount  of  each  annual 
installment  to  be  at  the  discretion  of  the 
Board. 

Interest  at  6  per  cent,  shall  be  charged 
in  all  ordinary  cases,  payable  semi-annu- 
ally, but  in  all  cases  where  interest  and 
annual  installments  are  promptly  and 
fully  paid,   the  Board  may  upon  the  final 


payment  allow  a  rebate  equal  to  one-half 
of  the  aggregate  annual  interest. 

The  Board  is  now  ready  to  receive  appli- 
cations for  aid  under  the  rules  of  this 
new  department.  A  soon  as  they  can  be 
prepared  blanks  upon  which  such  appli- 
cations may  be  made  will  be  furnished  to 
those  churches  desiring  them. 

RESOLUTIONS. 

Resolved,  That  this  Assembly  heartily  ap> 
proves  the  work  of  the  Board  of  Church  Erection 
as  at  present  conducted,  and  commends  it  to  the 
generous  liberality  of  all  the  churches. 

Recited,  That  it  be  specially  urged  upon 
pastors  and  sessions  to  see  that  contributions  for 
this  worthy  Board  be  taken  during  the  coming 
year  in  the  churches  under  their  care. 

Bettolved^  That  in  the  judgment  of  this 
Assembly  not  less  than  the  sum  of  $150,000  is 
needed  for  the  work  of  the  Board  during  the 
present  fiscal  year,  and  that  strenuous  efforts  be 
put  forth  to  realize  the  amount  thus  required. 

Begolved,  That  it  be  recommended  to  the 
older  Synods  and  Presbyteries  east  of  the  Miss- 
issippi River  to  have  such  consideration  for  their 
Western  brethren  as  to  contribute  to  the  funds 
of  the  Board  of  Church  Erection  more  than  they 
ask  from  its  treasury. 

Resolotd,  That  the  claims  of  local  and  pres- 
byterial  work  ought  not  to  preclude  contribu- 
tions on  the  part  of  our  churches  to  the  general 
work  of  the  Board,  and  that  special  contributions 
should  so  far  as  practicable  pass  through  its 
treasury. 

Remlved,  That  the  Manse  Fund  is  an  import- 
ant element  in  the  work  of  the  Board ;  and  that 
while  pastors  and  sessons  are  urged  to  support  it, 
and  churches  are  recommended  to  avail  them- 
selves of  its  benefits,  its  interests  and  advantages 
are  specially  commended  to  the  Christian  wom(  n 
of  the  Presbyterian  Church. 

Bemlved,  That  this  Assembly  approves  the 
plan  for  the  Loan  Fund  submitted  by  the  Board 
in  its  Annual  Report,  and  commends  this  new 
department  of  effort  to  the  confidence  and  sup- 
po4  of  the  churchis. 


126 


Intemationcd  Missumary  Conference  of  1892. 


[August^ 


THE  INTERNATIONAL  MISSIONARY  CONFERENCE  OP  1892. 

BEV.    J.    A.    DAVIS. 


At  Clifton  Springs,  June  8-14,  1892, 
were  gathered  men  and  women  from  coun- 
tries more  numerous  and  far  more  widely 
separated,  and  speaking  in  more  dialects 
and  languages  than  were  represented  at 
Jerusalem  at  Pentecost,  as  related  in  the 
second  chapter  of  the  Acts  of  the  Apos- 
tles. These  men  and  women  did  exactly 
what  the  apostles  did  in  the  various 
tongues  mentioned — spoke  of  the  wonder- 
ful works  of  God. 

Men  and  women  were  present  from 
widely  separated  lands  of  Africa,  from 
Assam  and  Bulgaria,  various  parts  of 
Burmah,  China  and  India,  from  the  ex- 
treme north  of  America,  Canada,  Mexico, 
Central  and  South  America;  from  Italy, 
Syria,  Persia  and  Turkey,  and  possibly 
from  yet  other  nations. 

Some  had  lived  and  worked  among  the 
lowest,  others  had  associated  with  nobles 
and  stood  before  kings.  Modest  women 
who  had  been  content  to  toil  among  the  out- 
cast and  teach  classes  of  a  few  women; 
men  who  had  hardly  a  name  to  live  outside 
of  their  own  homes  and  a  wretched  tribe 
in  some  savage  nation ;  college  presidents 
whose  names  are  known  the  world  over, 
and  men  whose  splendid  achievements  have 
startled  the  world,  mingled  as  equals  in 
that  assembly.  There  were  printers,  au- 
thors and  poets,  mechanics  and  inventors, 
doctors  of  medicine,  laws  and  theology, 
translators  of  and  commentators  on  Script- 
ure;  and,  not  least,  men,  who  like  states- 
men, are  moulding,  from  fused  masses, 
nations  and  governments. 

This  was  the  ninth  annual  gathering  of 
the  International  Missionary  Union.  In 
1884,  several  foreign  missionaries  discover- 
ed each  other  at  a  camp  meeting  at  Niag- 
ara Falls,  and  formed  themselves  into  an 
association  for  mutual  comfort  and  con- 
venience.    They  met  again  the  next  year 


at  the  same  place ;  and  the  two  following 
years  at  Thousand  Islands  Park.  Then 
they  changed  the  place  to  Bridgeton ;  and 
met  the  year  after  at  Binghamton;butfor 
three  successive  summers  have  met  at  the 
Clifton  Springs;  and  there  probably  will  be 
the  future  meetings  of  the  Union,  begin- 
ning on  the  second  Wednesday  evening  of 
June,  to  continue  for  seven  days. 

The  Union  began  with  a  few  tens,  now, 
it  has  nearly  as  many  hundreds  of  members. 

A  few,  who  do  the  routine  work,  meet 
each  year;  a  few  more  are  present  at  most 
of  the  meetings;  but  the  vast  majority  are 
present  at  only  a  single  meeting,  or,  at 
most,  two  in  succession,  and  then  return 
to  the  duties  to  which  their  lives  are  con- 
secrated. There  is  hardly  a  land  that  has 
not  within  its  borders  a  member  of  this 
Union.  Two  words  describe  the  members 
of  this  Association — Foreign  Missionaries. 

Denominational  differences  are  not  noted 
and  are  seldom  referred  to ;  the  only  ques- 
tion asked  the  applicant  for  membership 
is,  Have  you  been  a  Foreign  Missionary? 
In  the  recent  gathering,  were  members  of 
the  Baptist,  Congregational,  Disciple, 
Presbyterian,  Lutheran,  Methodist  and 
Dutch  Reformed  denominations  of  Canada, 
Great  Britain    and    the    United    States. 

Other  denominations  may  have  been 
represented;  but,  as  missionaries  seldom 
refer  to  their  church  relations,  apart  from 
the  Missionary  Society,  it  is  difficult  to  gain 
such  information  in  a  missionary  gather- 
ing. 

While  several  present  were  under  ap- 
pointment, but  had  never  been  in  service 
in  the  foreign  field,  others,  were  home  on 
their  first  furlough.  More  had  spent  a 
number  of  years  on  mission  ground,  and 
some  were  returning  to  complete  the  last 
decade  of  half  a  century  of  work  there. 

In  the  assembly  were  several,  who,  after 


1892.] 


IntematUmal  Missionary  Ckmference  of  1892. 


127 


more  than  half  a  century  of  missionary  life, 
are  forced  to  remain  like  exiles,  from  the 
fields  where  their  hearts  still  live.  Near- 
ly a  hundred  present  had  spent  part  of  life 
as  Foreign  Missionaries;  their  united  years 
of  service  were  more  than  fourteen-hun- 
dred.  If  one  might  judge  from  the  vigor 
and  youth  of  many,  it  would  be  safe  to 
guess  that  there  was  yet  a  thousand  years 
of  service  represented  in  that  gathering. 

Parents  and  children,  fellow-mission- 
aries, were  in  the  gathering.  And,  at 
least,  one  was  present,  whose  parents 
and  grandparents  were  Missionaries;  and 
this  one  had  just  returned  from  a  first  sea- 
son of  service  on  the  foreign  field.  A  na- 
tive of  Tuikey,  soon  to  return  as  an  or- 
dained preacher  to  his  countrymen,  a  Bul- 
garian ready  to  go  back  with  his  wife  to 
preach  the  Gospel  in  the  land  of  their 
birth,  and  a  Siamese,  just  ordained  by  the 
Presbytery  of  Rochester,  to  the  Gospel 
ministry  in  his  native  land,  appeared  in 
that  assembly.  The  last  mentioned  is  the 
son  of  the  first  Bible- woman,  and  grandson 
of  the  first  convert,  and  first  native  preach- 
er of  Siam. 

On  the  last  evening  but  one  of  this 
remarkable  gathering,  was  held  the  most 
thrilling  service  of  all.  The  platform  was 
filled  with  missionaries  going  to  the  for- 
eign field  during  the  ensuing  year.  More 
than  thirty  appeared;  some  had  already 
left  the  gathering.  Each  address  was  of 
necessity  short ;  each  was  inspiring.  Some 
parting  words  were  witty,  others  jovial, 
most  of  them  cheerful ;  but  now  and  then 
a  sad  refrain  followed  the  cheerful  tone. 

Occasionally  lively  wit  aroused  peals  of 
Jaughter ;  of  tener  earnest  tones  drew  tears. 

A  veteran  told  of  his  sainted  mother's 
dying  message,  as  she  bade  him  return  to 
his  chosen  field  from  which  for  six  years 
he  had  been  kept,  that  he  might  care  for 
her  in  her  old  age.  Others  spoke  of  their 
joy  at  the  prospect  of  soon  re-entering  the 
work  given  up  years  ago,  because  of  ill- 


health.  Some  described  the  satisfaction 
in  their  work,  others  the  peace  that  fills 
the  missionary's  heart,  as  he  gives  up  all 
for  souls,  and  the  Savior.  And  their  faces 
witnessed  for  the  truth  of  their  wordS. 

Those  short  though  suggestive  addresses 
thrilled  many  a  heart,  and  inspired  yearn- 
ings for  work  like  that  to  which  those 
were  going. 

Two  addresses  touched  hearts  deeper  than 
any  that  preceded  or  followed.  A  young 
man,  just  back  with  his  invalid  wife  broken 
down  by  the  intense  anxiety  and  suffering 
during  the  terrible  riots  of  China  where 
she  faced  death  in  most  horrid  form,  spoke 
of  his  speedy  return  without  her  who  had 
stood  by  him  in  those  trying  days.  Then 
his  voice  faltered,  became  husky,  and 
ceased.  In  silence  he  took  his  seat,  his 
farewell  words  unspoken,  as  the  vast  audi- 
ence wept  in  sympathy  with  the  sorrowing 
husband.  Then  arose  a  woman  who  more 
than  forty-two  years  ago  gave  her  hand  to 
the  man  of  her  heart ;  her  life  to  the  coun- 
try to  which  he  was  consecrated. 

Thirty  years  after  she  buried  that  hus- 
band in  the  land  for  which  he  had  toiled, 
and  by  whose  people  he  had  been  murder- 
ed. Now  she  was  going  back  to  spend 
the  last  years  of  life  in  that  inhospitable 
country,  but  among  the  many  who  had 
learned  to  love  her  husband  better  than 
any  other  mere  human  being.  As  she  told 
her  simple  story;  but  not  all  that  has  been 
given  in  this  statement,  we  felt  that  there 
is  something  in  mission  life  that  none  but 
those   who   have  tried  can  understand. 

Few  knew  how  that  mother's  heart  yearn- 
ed to  be  with  her  four  children  left  behind, 
children  known  by  many,  honored  by  all 
who  know  them ;  few  knew  the  agony  that 
widow  had  endured  when  bereft  of  a  hus- 
band worthy  an  angel- bride;  few  knew 
what  home  and  comforts  might  be  hers  in 
this  land  of  her  birth.  They  merely  saw 
and  heard  a  modest  woman  telling  of  many 
who  needed  the  gospel  in  the  country  of 


128 


St.  Torres. 


l^Augudy 


her  hasband^B  grave,  and  her  wish  to  go 
again  and  do  what  little  she  could  to  lead 
them  to  the  Savior  bo  dear  to  her. 

At  the  close  of  the  addresses  a  prayer 
^o  fervent  that  it  seemed  to  have  caught 
the  fire  of  those  warm  hearts,  was  offered 
for  them  and  their  work,  and  then  one  of 
the  most  honored  and  beloved  missionaries 
of  America,  a  man  who  fifty-six  years  ago 
gave  himself  to  the  heathen  world,  bade 
the  missionaries  Ood-speed  in  behalf  of 
the  Union  as  they  went  to  their  fields. 


If  there  be  another  gathering  like  the 
one  sketched,  the  writer  has  yet  to  learn 
about  it.  While  the  men  and  women  com- 
posing it  were  intensely  human,  and  as 
practical,  they  seemed  to  live  in  another 
spritual  atmosphere  than  surrounds  the 
multitude  of  human  beings.  Wit,  humor 
and  fun  abounded ;  nor  were  the  weaknesses 
of  humanity  hidden ;  yet  there  was  a  some- 
thing  pervading  that  assembly  that  inspir- 
ed  with  its  faith,  thrilled  with  its  enthusi- 
asm and  filled  with  its  spirituality. 


FOREIGN    MISSIONS. 


Sr.  Torres  was  a  student  of  the  Rev. 
Messrs.  Simonton,  Blackford,  Schneider 
and  Chamberlain,  and  one  of  the  group  of 
four  young  men  that  constituted  the  be- 
ginning of  the  native  Brazilian  ministry. 
Of  these  four,  Sr.  Trajano  is  pastor  in 
Rio,  Sr.  Carvalhosa  is  editor  of  the  Em- 
prensa,  and  Sr.  Antonio  Pedro  preceded 
his  brother  of  the  ministry  in  entering 
upon  his  reward. 

During  many  years  Sr.  Torres  has  been 
an  invalid  and  17  years  ago  he  came  to 
Caldas  to  die.  But  the  cool,  dry  air  gave 
him  a  new  lease  of  life  and  he  lived  to 
plant  the  (fospel  in  this  region,  with  half 
a  score  of  books  and  tracts,  and  became 
the  foremost  figure  in  the  Brazilian  church. 
He  received  hundreds  into  the  fellowship 
of  Christ,  preached  in  every  hamlet  over  an 
area  as  large  as  the  state  of  Connecticut, 
and  is  the  spiritual  father  of  five  strong 
churches.  His  books  have  reached  even 
more  than  his  voice.  His  "  Life  of 
Christ"  is  the  only  work  of  the  kind  in 
good  Portuguese.  '*  The  ( -hurch  of  Rome 
an  Obstacle  to  the  Gospel"  has  opened 
the  eyes  of  hundreds  to  the  follies  and 
idolatry  of   Rome,  while  his  other  works 


have  commanded  more  readers  than  those 
of  any  other  Brazilian  Protestant. 

But  it  was  as  a  wise  counselor  and 
Christian  leader  that  he  was  best  known 
and  will  be  missed  most  widely.  His 
voice  was  always  for  peace.  His  presence 
calmed  and  his  courage  inspired  every 
council  of  which  he  was  a  member.  As 
Moderator  of  the  Synod  of  1891,  (the  first 
Brazilian  chosen  to  that  office),  he  rend- 
ered the  Church  inestimable  service.  To 
him  more  than  to  any  other  is  di|e  the  har- 
mony that  rules  within  our  borders  to-day. 

Personally,  he  was  a  delightful  man. 
('hild-likein  his  trust  in  Christ  he  was 
one  of  those  who  bless  equally  by  what 
they  do  and  by  what  they  allow  to  be 
done  for  them.     He  walked  with  God. 

His  last  illness  was  protracted  but  the 
final  struggle  was  brief  and  painless.  He 
had  often  expressed  a  wish  to  go  to  his 
Master  and  at  the  last  a  Bmile  lighting  up 
his  face  showed  that  he  saw  Him  face  to 
face. 

This  death,  with  that  of  Dr.  Lane 
of  Campinas,  and  Mr.  Carrington's  return 
to  the  States,  removes  three  workers  from 
that  region.    Who  is  ready  to  fill  the  gap? 


1892.] 


Our  National  Attitude  Toward  the  Chinese, 


129 


Iq  the  forthcoming  Congress  of  Relig- 
ions to  be  held  in  Chicago  in  connection 
with  the  Colambian  Exhibition,  all  the 
religions  of  the  East  are  to  be  represented 
and  are  to  plead  their  merits  before  the 
American  public.  It  is  understood  that 
Sir  Edward  Arnold  will  be  the  champion 
of  Buddhism,  and  Hon.  Ameer  AH,  of  In- 
dia, is  to  plead  the  cause  of  Islam.  He 
will  be  remembered  as  the  author  of  an 
article  in  the  Nineteenth  Century  of  June, 
1891,  on  the  status  of  woman  under  Islam. 
His  article  was  called  forth  by  representa- 
tions of  woman^s  condition  in  Mohamme- 
dan countries,  which  had  been  given  by 
Mrs.  Annie  Reichardt  and  which  accorded 
with  the  general  testimony  of  twelve  cen- 
turies as  to  the  degradation  inflicted  on  the 
sex  by  the  Mohammedan  customs  and  the 
authority  of  the  Koran.  It  is  a  feature  of 
the  times  that  no  system  of  error  and  no 
enormity  of  custom,  law  or  belief  fails  to 
find  somebody  to  take  up  its  defense. 
Ameer  Ali's  article  deals  in  large  part  with 
assailments  on  Christianity,  its  doctrines 
and  observances  and  the  moral  effect  of  its 
teachings  upon  society.  Coming  at  length 
to  the  discussion  of  the  real  question  be- 
fore him,  he  tries  to  make  it  appear  that 
in  all  countries  Mohammedanism  has  been 
an  untold  blessing  to  woman.     This  he 


does  by  selecting  from  the  annals  of  var- 
ious countries  those  few  exceptional  cases 
where  romantic  sentiment  has  secured 
high  honor  to  favorites,  or  where  great 
talents  have  challenged  respect.  The  deg- 
redation  which  the  millions  of  Mohamme- 
dan  women  have  suffered  in  all  lands  are 
passed  in  silence,  and  the  intelligent  peo- 
ple of  the  nineteenth  century  are  asked  to 
condone  a  tyranny  only  equalled  by  that 
of  laws  of  Manu.  The  jibes  and  sneers  of 
Aroeer  Ali  toward  Christianity,  the  facts 
selected  from  the  Dark  Ages  or  from  the 
rude  inconsistencies  of  the  early  church, 
the  bigotry  of  Romanism,  the  tyranny  and 
cruelty  of  Russia,  the  vices  sometimes 
witnessed  under  the  conventual  system  of 
southern  Europe  Or  South  Africa, — all 
these  are  made  use  of  with  a  facility  which 
shows  diligent  use  of  those  full  quivers 
of  weapons  which  have  been  furnished 
ready  to  hand  by  the  alliance  of  western 
infidelity.  A  cheap  familiarity  with  all 
the  shortcomings  and  blemishes  of  the 
Christian  Church  in  all  the  centuries,  and 
in  all  lands  is  now  placed  wholly  within 
the  reach  of  any  Hindu,  Buddhist  or 
Mohammedan  who  desires  to  make  use  of 
them  against  the  Christian  church  and  its 
missionary  operations. 


OUR  NATIONAL  ATTITUDE  TOWARD  THE  CHINESE. 

F.    F.    ELLIN  WOOD,    D.  D. 


The  recent  action  of  Congress  in  rela- 
tion to  Chinese  immigration  needs  to  be 
considered  dispassionately  and  with  prop- 
er discrimination.  That  grave  issues  are 
at  stake  cannot  be  doubted  or  ignored. 

The  fact  that  many  hundreds  of  Amer- 
ican missionaries  are  now  resident  in 
China^  that  a  half  century  of  earnest  and 
self-sacrificing  labor  has  been  expended 
and  that  a  large    amount     ol    real  prop- 


erty in  residences,  chapels,  hospitals, 
school  buildings  and  printing  presses  has 
been  acquired,  renders  the  question  of  se- 
rious alienation  between  the  Chinese  Gov- 
ernment and  our  own  a  very  grave  matter. 
The  Chinese  Minister  at  Washington, 
stung  with  indignation  at  the  recent  leg- 
islation and  its  hasty  approval  by  the 
National  Executive,  is  reported  to  have 
aid,  "If    this   thing   goes  on  for  twenty 


130 


Our  National  Attitude  Toioard  the  Chinese. 


[August, 


years  to  come  as  it  has  for  twenty  years 
past  there  will  be  no  Chinese  in  America 
and  no  Americans  in  China." 

A  few  months  ago  the  Chinese  Govern- 
ment proclaimed  an  edict  requiring  of  its 
local  governors  to  extend  full  protection 
to  foreigners  in  life  and  property,  and 
under  that  order  a  more  complete  and 
friendly  recognition  was  granted  to  mis- 
sionaries and  other  foreign  residents  than 
had  been  enjoyed  for  several  years  past,  or, 
indeed,  ever  before.  But  telegraphic 
communication  now  makes  the  tone  of  sen- 
timent  prevailing  at  Washington  quick- 
ly felt  in  Peking  and  in  some  of  the  prov- 
inces, and  correspondence  recently  receiv- 
ed from  China  shows  that  the  arbitrary 
abrogation  of  treaties  on  our  part  is  coming 
to  be  regarded  as  an  insult  and  an  outrage  by 
the  intelligent  classes  of  Chinese. 

It  is  not  our  purpose  to  criticise  any 
department  of  our  Government:  the  dif- 
ficulty lies  back  of  our  legislation :  it  is 
in  the  public  sentiment  of  the  constitu- 
encies. Legislators  are  governed  by  the 
pressure  which  comes  from  the  masses 
who  wield  the  power  of  suffrage.  Possib- 
ly the  recent  Exclusion  Bill  was  thought 
by  some  real  friends  of  the  Chinese  to 
be  the  best  that  could  be  carried,  against 
others  that  were  fraught  with  still  greater 
injustice.  The  diflBculty  is  that  the  very 
worst  elements  in  the  country  are  clamor- 
ing for  the  most  rigid  exclusion  of  the 
Chinese  at  whatever  sacrifice  of  justice  or 
national  honor,  while  the  better  sentiment 
of  the  people  is  silent  and  inactive.  The 
labor  organizations,  the  sand-lot  agitators, 
the  political  brokers,  the  laundry  associ- 
ations (mostly  of  European  immigrants)- 
all  these  are  forces  which  neither  slumber 
nor  sleep.  The  zeal  and  effort  engendered 
by  selfish  intersts  are  as  unwearied  as  the 
sweep  of  the  tides,  as  constant  as  the  law  of 
gravitation,  while  Christian  sentiment, 
philanthropy  and  the  love  of  justice  to  the 
oppressed  are  often  lax  or  indifferent. 


Even  Christian  men  fall  insensibly  un- 
der the  debased  ethical  notions  that  bear 
sway,  and  they  come  at  length  to  speak 
of  the  necessity  of  ^4aying  aside  sentiment" 
and  judging  of  great  public  questions  in 
the  light  of '  'national  interest. "  This  same 
kind  of  argument  has  been  used  over  and 
over  again  with  reference  to  our  national 
wrongs  toward  the  Indians,  and  a  generation 
ago  it  was  applied  to  negro  slavery :  Eng- 
land has  long  applied  it  to  the  opium  trade. 

It  is  with  a  view  to  arousing  a  more  ac- 
tive  Christian  sentiment  in  regard  to  the 
Chinese  that  venture  to  present  this  plea. 
If  the  laundry  associations  vote  as  they 
did  some  months  ago  that  'Hhe  Chinese 
laundries  must  go  " — though  the  Chinese 
first  developed  that  industry;  if  hoodlums 
at  the  corners  of  the  streets  are  emboldened 
by  our  apathy  to  assault  the  inoffensive 
Chinamen  at  will  shali  Christian  men  have 
nothing  to  say?  Shall  the  churches,  and  ec- 
clesiastical courts  be  silent?  While  labor 
organizations  are  constantly  debasing  the 
public  conscience  and  overriding  all  prin- 
ciples of  justice  for  the  sake  of  selfish  gain 
shall  not  missionary  societies  and  all  ben- 
evolent and  philanthropic  organizations 
exert  their  infiuence  for  justice  and  human- 
ity? 

Our  complaint  is  not  against  restrictive 
laws :  We  believe  that  C hinese  imtnigration 
should  be  carefully  limited;  but  we  com- 
plain of  the  manner  and  spirit  in  which  the 
laws  deal  with  the  subject.  We  object : 
(1)  To  the  cruel  discrimination  by  which 
one  nation  with  whom  we  have  formed 
solemn  treaties  is  subjected  to  a  kind  of 
treatment  which  we  visit  upon  no  other. 
Article  VI  of  the  so-called  Burlingame 
Treaty  of  1868  reads  in  part  as  follows — 
"And  reciprocally  Chinese  subjects  in  the 
United  States  shall  enjoy  the  same  privi- 
leges, immunities  and  exemptions  with  re- 
spect to  travel  or  residence  as  may  be  en- 
joyed by  subjects  of  the  most  favored 
nation. " 


1892.] 


Our  National  Attitude  Toward  the  Chinese. 


131 


Bat  not  only  are  the  Chinese  denied 
rights  accorded  to  worthy  citizens  of  the 
most  favored  nations  like  England  or 
France,  but  their  treatment  is  in  shameful 
contrast  with  that  exercised  toward  the 
lowest  and  most  degraded  immigrants  from 
Europe  who  soon  wield  the  power  of 
suffrage  and  even  rule  the  cities  that 
welcome  them. 

(2)  We  complain  of  the  fact  that  our 
laws  place  the  Chinese  almost  wholly 
at  the  mercy  of  any  white  citizen 
of  whatever  nationality  who  happens  to 
hold  the  ofiSce  of  commissioner  or  justice 
and  who  under  constant  temptation  to  win 
the  votes  of  the  lower  multitudes  by  sum- 
mary preceedings  against  the  proscribed 
race  may  exercise  the  power  of 
a  ruthless  dictator  and  tyrant.  The  av- 
erage Chinaman,  without  a  knowledge  of 
our  language  and  with  only  a  vague  appre- 
hension of  the  laws,  always  finds  itdiiBcult 
to  defend  himself;  and  yet  any  failure  is 
visited  with  severe  punishment.  According 
to  the  present  law  *'  any  Chinese  person 
or  person  of  Chinese  descent^  convicted  and 
adjudged  to  be  not  lawfully  entitled  to  be 
or  remain  in  the  United  States  shall  be  im^ 
prisoned  at  hard  labor  for  a  period  of  not  ex- 
ceeding one  year  and  thereafter  removed 
from  the  United  States  as  hereinbefore 
provided.  " 

To  confine  him  at  hard  labor  for  a  year 
or  less  before  sending  him  back  to  China 
seems  a  spiteful  and  cowardly  exaggera- 
tion of  his  hardship.  Is  this  the  even- 
handed  justice  that  places  China  on  the 
same  level  with ' '  the  most  favored  nations?'' 
Would  our  government  attempt  such  a 
course  of  proceeding  with  citizens  of  the 
great  Powers  of  Europe? 

A  further  wrong  is  done  in  the  provis- 
ions which  virtually  exclude  the  testimony 
of  Chinamen  on  questions  of  previous  res- 
idence: at  least  ^'  one  credible  white  wit- 
ness is  required.  " 

(3)  A  wrong  is  done  to  the  Chinese  Gov- 


ernment by  failing  to  make  the  proposed 
changes  in  our  exclusion  laws  a  matter 
of  consultation.  Our  first  treatv  with 
China  made  by  Hon.  Caleb  Cashing  in  1845 
stipulated  that  the  terms  of  the  treaty 
should  be  changed  by  China  (and  inferen- 
tially  by  the  United  States)  "only 
in  consultation  with  the  repesentatives 
of  the  other  contracting  power."  But  this 
is  just  what  we  in  our  recent  action  failed 
to  do,  and  the  Chinese  Minister  had  rea- 
son   to  complain  and  feel   indignant. 

As  in  our  relations  to  the  Indians,  so  with 
respect  to  the  Chinese,  our  treaties  have 
been  so  often  violated  that  it  seems  to 
be  considered  a  farce  to  regard  any  longer 
even  the  forms  of  treaty.  We  make  regu- 
lations to  suit  ourselves  and  our  supposed 
interests,  as  if  no  agreements  had  ever 
been  made  or  thought  of. 

There  has  been  an  evolution  downward 
in  our  diplomacy  with  China  since  1845. 

The  treaty  of  that  date  was  full  of  friend- 
ship and  reciprocity.  The  restriction  was 
then  on  the  other  side ;  it  was  for  our  in- 
terest to  cultivate  friendly  relations.  The 
treaty  began  thus : 

.  "The  United  States  of  America  and  the 
Ta  Tsing  Emperor  desiring  to  establish - 
firm,  lasting  and  sincere  friendship  between 
the  two  nations  have  resolved  to  fix  in  a 
manner  clear  and  positive,  by  means  of  a 
treaty  or  general  convention  of  peace,  amity 
and  commerce,  the  rules  which  shall  hemut- 
ually  observed  in  the  intercourse  of  their  re- 
spective countries. " 

The  treaty  of  1868  dealt  mainly  with 
privileges  sought  by  the  American  party 
in  the  covenant — among  these  were  several 
commercial  advantages, — and  also  a  clear 
enunciation  of  religious  liberty  vouchsafed 
toour  missionaries  in  China  and  their  na- 
tive converts.  We  think  it  fair  to  say  that 
whatever  outbreaks  of  mob  violence  may 
have  occurred,  the  Goverment  at  Peking  has 
kept  its  pledges.  The  readiness  with 
which  it  has   paid   indemnities    for  pro- 


132 


Jtineroting  in  Shantung, 


[Augttd, 


perties  destroyed  by  mobs  has  often  been  a 
matter  of  surprise  and  admiration. 

The  Burlingame  treaty  of  1868  was  in- 
tended to  be  an  advance  in  the  right  di- 
rection ;  largely  the  aim  was  that  of  com- 
mercial advantage  to  ourselves,  but  there 
was  also  a  noble  plea  for  justice  and  friend- 
ship. The  idea  of  "reciprocity"  which 
was  the  one  word  by  which  Confucius  in- 
culcated the  essence  of  the  Golden  Rule 
was  made  preeminent  in  the  Burlingame 
treaty.  The  whole  matter  was  a  matter  of 
congratulation  throughout  the  country. 
Christians  of  every  name  looked  upon  it 
as  a  glorious  fulfillment  of  the  prayers 
which  they  had  been  offering  for  access  to 
the  Chinese.  In  Boston,  philanthropic  cit- 
izens of  all  creeds  had  public  rejoicings  and 
Oliver  Wendell  Holmes  read  a  poem  which 
might  be  considered  a  sort  of  wedding 
hymn  upon  the  marriage  of  the  East  and 
the  West.  From  that  holiday  spirit  how 
sad  has  been  the  lapse ! 

The  first  article  of  the  covenant  then 
agreed  upon  granted  the  United  States  the 
the  right  "to  regulate,  limit  or  suspend  " 
the  immigration  whenever  it  should  reach 
such  dimensions  as  "  to  threaten  the  good 
of  the  country  or  any  particular  local- 
ity," but  it  stipulated  that  "it  should  not 
amount  to  an  absolute  prohibition  of  such 
immigration"  and  that  it  "should  only  re- 


late to  the  laboring  classes."  This  article 
faithfully  carried  out  would  have  ensured 
all  reasonable  degrees  of  protection  on  our 
part,  would  have  preserved  the  respect  of 
the  Chinese  Goverment  and  race  and 
would  have  left  us  free  to  exert  that  great 
and  beneficent  influence  over  China  which 
our  geographical  position  favors.  Alas !  that 
this  covenant  should  not  have  been  judged 
sufficient. 

As  the  question  now  stands,  we  have  a 
law  which  must  be  obeyed  whatever  its 
faults,  but  there  is  much  that  Christian 
men  may  do : 

(1)  They  should  every  where  strive  to 
raise  public  sentiment  to  a  higher  plane, 
to  resist  the  ethical  trend  of  this  law,  which 
is  gradually  debasing  the  moral  sensibility 
of  the  nation. 

(2)  They  should  as  far  as  possible  endeav- 
or to  secure  fair  and  just  adminstration 
of  the  laws  toward  Chinamen  in  the  com- 
munities where  they  reside  and  have  in- 
fluence. 

(3)  They  should  in  all  ways  try  to  show 
to  the  Chinese  whether  here  or  in  China, 
the  difference  between  the  Christian  at- 
titude of  the  church  and  the  political  atti- 
tude of  the  country. 

This  difference  has  been  noticed  by  the 
Peking  authorities  and  it  should  be  more 
patent  to  all  people. 


ITINERATIN(;  IN  SHANTUNG. 


REV.    W.    H.    ELTERLICH. 


The  vehicle  in  which  we  journeyed 
was  a  large*  wheelbarrow  "  propelled  by 
a  man  pushing  behind  and  another  pulling 
in  front  assisted  by  a  donkey  hitched  be- 
tween  two  long  ropes. 

This  kind  of  wheelbarrow  consists  of  a 
wooden  framework  balanced  on  a  large 
wheel  in  the  center.     Two  boxes,  one  con- 


taining stores,  the  other  books  and  tracts, 
were  placed  at  the  upper  ends  of  the  barrow, 
and  over  against  these  our  peitaoSy  large 
sacks  with  a  horizontal  opening  in  the 
centre  were  spread.  These  contained  our 
bedding,  mattresses,  blankets,  etc.,  and 
made  a  comfortable  seat,  while  the  box 
formed  a  back  to  lean  against.     Our  pur- 


1892.] 


A  Ransomed  Man — Chinese  Super^tiHons. 


133 


pose  was  to  visit  several  of  our  stations  to 
the  north  and  north  east,  the  farthest 
being  about  ninety  miles  distant.  It  was 
my  firet  experience  in  barrow  travel,  and 
I  found  it  more  comfortable  than  either 
mule  litter  or  cart.  We  travelled  on  an 
average  twenty-five  miles  a  day.  The  second 
day  we  reached  one  of  our  stations  called 
Nan  Tsoca  Ch'wan  where  we  stopped  for  a 
little  while  at  the  shop  of  a  native  Christian, 
Mr.  Chang,  to  deliver  some  silver  which 
he  was  to  pay  to  some  of  the  country  help- 
ers. Mr.  Chang  is  quite  wealthy  from  a 
Chinese  stand-point  as  he  owns  most  of  the 
village,  besides  a  great  deal  of  land  and  an 
oilmill. 

A  RANSOMED  MAK. 

Quite  an  interesting  story  was  related  to 
me  by  Mr.  Chalfant  of  his  early  life. 

The  great  Tai  Ping  Bebelllon  had  ex- 
tended to  this  province.  The  people,  in  or- 
der to  protect  themselves,  built  stone  forts 
on  the  summits  of  hills;  the  ruins  of  many 
of  these  forts  can  be  seen  to  this  day. 

During  the  day  the  men  would  work  in 
the  fields  after  having  first  posted  sen- 
tinels ;  at  night  or  in  case  of  a  sudden  alarm 
they  would   return   to  the  fort  for  safety. 

It  happened  one  day,  while  Jtfr.  Chang 
was  working  in  the  fields  with  the  others 
that  the  alarm  was  given  of  an  approach- 
ing body  of  rebels.  In  attempting  to  reach 
the  fort  Mr.  Chang  was  intercepted  and 
captured.  The  rebels  perceiving  that  he 
was  a  well-to-do  man  determined  to  have 
him  ransomed  if  possible  instead  of  put- 
ting him  to  death  as  they  usually  dealt 
with  their  captives.  They,  therefore,  sent 
a  message  to  the  fort  to  the  effect  that  if 
a  certain  number  of  horses  were  given  to 
them  they  would  release  Mr.  Chang;  if  not, 
they  would  put  him  to  death.  The  re- 
quired number  of  horses  were  found  but 
who  was  to  take  them  to  the  camp  of  the 
rebels,  for  they  well  knew  that  the  man 
who  would  deliver  the  horses  would  be 
seized  and  put  to  death   in  Mr.  Chang's 


place?  No  one  seemed  willing  to  take  the 
risk  until  at  last  his  brother  volunteered. 
When  he  arrived  he  was  promptly  seized 
and  bound  and  threatened  to  be  put  to 
death  the  following  day,  while  his  brother 
was  released.  During  the  night  he  was 
fortunate  enough  to  loosen  his  bonds  and 
make  his  escape,  but  he  never  fully  re- 
covered from  the  effects  of  the  fright. 

After  examining  Mr.  Chang's  oilmill  we 
started  again  in  order  to  reach  the  next 
village,  where  we  were  to  stop  for  the 
night.  Just  outside  of  the  village  we  were 
welcomed  by  a  crowd  of  school  boys  from 
the  mission  school.  They  greeted  us  with 
smiling  faces,  wishing  us  peace.  Such  a  con- 
trast to  the  jeering  and  hooting  reception 
tendered  us  at  some  of  the  villages  we  had 
passed  through !  We  stopped  at  the  school- 
house  which  also  serves  the  purpose  of  a 
church.  Here  all  the  Christians  in  the 
place  assembled  to  greet  us  and  meet  for 
service.  After  service  we  retired  for  the 
night,  pastors,  helper,  and  barrowmen  all 
sleeping  in  the  one  room,  as  there  was  no 
inn  in   the  village. 

Just  before  retiring  one  of  the  barrow- 
men went  out  and  returned  with  the  wheel 
of  his  barrow  under  his  arm  in  order  that 
his  barrow  might  not  be  stolen. 

The  next  morning  we  started  again  on 
our  journey.  Up  to  this  time  we  had  en- 
joyed mild,  pleasant  weather,  but  now  we 
had  to  travel  directly  in  the  face  of  a  cold 
biting  N.  E.  wind,  which  made  travelling 
difficult  and  slow ;  with  two  suits  of  wadded 
cotton  clothing,  it  was  difficult  to  keep 
warm ;  but  in  foreign  clothes  we  could  not 
have  stood  it  at  all.  We  reached  Eiichow 
city  22  miles  to  the  N.  E.  after  dark.  Our 
destination  was  a  small  station  in  the 
mountains  to  the  N.  E.  of  this  city. 

CHINESE  SUPERSTITIONS. 

As  we  were  passing  out  of  the  suburb 
I  noticed  on  the  wall  found  opposite  all 
temple  entrances  some  tiles  on  which  was 
represented  a  popular  Chinese  supersti- 


13i 


Chifveae  SuperdUions. 


[Augud, 


tion — it  was  that  of  a  large  fish  leaping 
upward  toward  a  gateway.  The  Chinese, 
aware  of  the  leaping  qualities  of  the  carp, 
have  a  superstition  to  the  effect,  that  if 
he  succeeds  in  leaping  through  this  gate- 
way, which  is  the  Gate  of  Heaven,  he  is 
transformed  into  a  dragon  and  as  such 
becomes  an  object  of  worship  as  controller 
of  thunder  and  rain.  On  this  wall  there 
was  also  pasted  up  a  poem  written  by  the 
mayor  of  the  city  on  the  subject  of  *'  Liti- 
gation" in  which  he  warns  the  people 
against  lawsuits  and  shows  how  little  are 
the  advantages  to  be  gained  therefrom. 
A  tract  on  this  subject  might  not  be  with- 
out advantage  in  western  countries. 

We  reached  a  mountain  village  that 
night.  Our  bed  which  had  also  to  serve 
as  a  table,  was  a  broken-down  k'ang 
(t.  a.,  a  bed  made  of  mud  brick),  the  room 
was  full  of  travellers  and  the  air  thick 
with  smoke  from  the  fire  on  which  food 
was  being  prepared.  But  we  were  too 
tired  to  mind  these  discomforts  and  soon 

• 

fell  asleep.  About  10  o'clock  next  morning 
a  snow  storm  which  had  come  on  during 
the  night  cleared  up  so  as  to  enable  us 
to  go  on  with  our  toilsome  journey  over  the 
mountains.  We  still  had  to  go  about  15 
miles,  and  to  walk  the  whole  way  as  riding 
was  out  of  the  question. 

After  a  difficult  and  exhausting  journey, 
we  came  in  sight  of  the  village,  and  arriv- 
ed there  at  dark.  We  stopped  at  the  house 
of  a  native  Christian  who  had  fitted  up  a 
room  to  serve  as  a  chapel.  Here  we  were 
warmly  welcomed  by  the  Christians,  who 
could  scarcely  believe  that  we  had  made  our 
way  to  them  in  such  weather,  and  over  such 
a  road,  and  expressed  their  appreciation  in 
the  highest  terms.  Their  warm  welcome 
made  us  forget  the  hardships  undergone. 

The  next  day  was  Sunday.  The  whole 
day  our  room  was  full  of  villagers,  who 
had  come  to  see  the  foreigners,  which  they 
did  to  their  hearts  content,  gaping  and 
staring  at  us,  scarcely  giving  us  time  to  eat. 


By  and  by  some  of  the  Christians  began  to 
drop  in,  and  one  of  them  immediately  seized 
the  opportunity  to  preach   to  the  crowd. 

"Why,"  he  began,  '*do  you  think 
these  foreign  gentlemen,  these  pastora, 
came  over  the  mountains  in  this  terrible 
weather,  and  endured  such  hardships? 
It  was  to  bring  you  good  news,  to  tell 
you  how  you  could  be  saved  from  your  sins. 
God  has  been  gracious  in  permitting 
them  to  grow  up  in  a  Christian  land,  and 
now  they  have  left  their  parents,  their 
friends  and  their  country,  in  order  to 
bring  you  the  blessed  message  of  salva- 
tion." 

His  words  were  earnest  and  heartfelt  and 
a  fitting  introduction  to  the  words  of  Mr. 
Chalfant  and  the  helper  in  which  the  "old, 
old  story,"  was  told  again.  One  man  was 
evidently  impressed  by  what  he  heard. 

The  Christians  at  this  station  are  not 
more  than  half  a  dozen,  but,  since  my  arriv- 
al in  China,  I  have  not  met  elsewhere  such 
siniple-hearted,  earnest  Christians.  As  I 
looked  upon  their  earnest  faces  lighted  up 
with  a  light  that  could  only  have  come  from 
on  high,  and  then  glanced  at  the  stupid, 
besotted  faces  of  their  fellow-villagers,  I 
realized,  as;,  never  before,  the  enlightening 
power  of  the  Gospel,  and  the  difference  it 
makes  in  the  hearts  and  lives  of  men.  On 
the  following  morning  We  started  on  our 
way  homeward  accompanied  by  some  of 
these  faithful  Christians,  who  not  only 
guided  us  over  the  mountains,  but  render- 
ed effective  assistance  in  pulling  the  bar- 
row, and  shovelling  the  snow  away. 

On  our  way  we  visited  another  station, 
where  we  examined  the  girls'  school,  and 
held  a  communion  service.  At  another 
village,  while  stopping  for  dinner,  we  ex- 
amined an  inquirer  who  made  an  excellent 
profession  and  will  be  baptized  in  the 
autumn. 

Two  of  the  helpers,  whom  we  met  at 
one  of  the  stations,  reported  increased  ii)-> 
terest  throughout  that  region. 


1892.] 


The  Mexican  Christian  and  the  American  Christian, 


135 


THE  MEXICAN  CHKISTIAN  AND  THE  AMER[CAN*CHRISTIAN. 


REV.    WILLIAM   WALLACE. 


I  have  often  made  ,meQtaI  comparisons 
between  the  Mexican  Christian  and  the 
American  Christian.  Having  spent  two 
years  in  pastoral  work  at  home  before 
entering  the  Foreign  Missionary  field,  a 
comparison  of  this  sort  has  been  a  most 
natural  one.  Many  things  lead  one  at  first 
to  pronoance  a  rather  harsh,  and  possibly 
an  unfair  verdict  upon  the  Mexican  broth- 
er. Our  converts  come  largely  from  the 
lower  strata  of  society,  and  with  little  in 
their  antecedents  to  help  them  in  their 
moral  and  spiritual  development.  There 
is  among  them  an  almost  absolute  lack  of 
culture  and  refinement.  Mexicans  are  for 
the  most  part  lazy,  dirty  and  improvident 
in  their  habits,  faults  which  an  Ameri- 
can deems  altogether  unpardonable.  It 
is  not  impossible  that  we  Americans  lay 
an  undue  emphasis  on  points  in  Chris- 
tian character,  such  aa  cleanliness,  an&  a 
provideBt  activity  in  which  it  is  easy  for 
us  to  excel.  And  when  we  find  these  traits 
woefully  lacking  in  our  Mexican  brother, 
it  leads  us  to  overlook  the  fact,  that  in 
certain  other  respects,  he  comes  nearer 
to  the  spirit  of  the  New  Testament  teach- 
ings than  ourselves. 

1.  The  Mexican  Christian  excels  in  true 
courtesy.  When  I  go  into  the  houses  of 
our  poorest  people,  I  am  invariably  greeted 
with  courtesy  both  of  word  and  of  deed. 
The  whole  family  rise  to  salute  me,  and 
if  they  are  eating  the  scantiest  of  meals 
I  am  invited  to  partake.  I  do  not  recol- 
lect this  to  have  been  the  case  either  among 
the  tenement-poor  of  New  York  or  the 
lumbermen  of  the  pine- woods  in  Minnesota. 
I  have  never  been  greeted  here  with  the 
cold  frigidity  or  the  coarse  suUenness  ex- 
hibited by  many  among  the  working-clas- 
ses at  home.  In  mv  relations  with  the 
Mexican  Christians  I  always  feel  that  I 
fim  dealing  with  gentlemen  and  gentle- 


women. They  exemply  the  charity  de- 
scribed by  Paul  '*  which  doth  not  behave 
itself  unseemly,  and  is  not  easily  pro- 
voked." 

2.  Their  trust  in  Providence  and  patience 
in  suffering  is  something  remarkable. 
When  the  last  piece  of  corn-cake  is  about 
to  be  divided  by  the  mother  among  the 
half-naked  and  half- starved  children, 
and  the  father  has  been  without  work 
for  weeks  and  months,  1  have  never 
heard  the  bitter  cursings  of  God  and 
man,  in  which  some  Americans  indulge 
under  similar  circumstances.  ''  Let  God's 
will  be  done!"  "God  will  take  care  of 
us!"  are  expressions  very  frequently  on 
the  lips  of  the  lower-classes.  For  many 
months  past  we  have  seen  a  great  deal  of 
distress,  owing  to  the  failure  of  crops  last 
year.  Food  is  scarce,  prices  are  high, 
trade  is  dall,  the  people  have  swarmed 
in  from  the  country  to  the  city,  and  the 
labor-market  is  glutted.  Corn  is  two 
dollars  a  bushel,  when  cheapest,  and  rags 
and  ruin  are  seen  everywhere. 

I  know  several  cases  in  our  congregation 
where  a  wife  and  mother  is  compelled  to 
grind  corn  on  her  knees,  in  a  smoky  kitch- 
en, from  6  A.  M.  till  midnight  in  order 
to  get  food  for  the  family.  She  lives  with 
her  children  in  a  dark  room  with  earthen 
floor,  no  windows  and  one  small  entrance. 
The  furniture  is  limited  to  a  few  earthen 
dishes,  a  stone  for  grinding  corn,  and  two 
low  rush-chairs.  Yet  when  I  go  to  visit 
them,  I  am  always  greeted  with  happy 
smiles,  contented  faces,  and  expressions 
of  trustful  confidence  in  the  protection  of 
a  Heavenly  father.  In  fact  I  hardly  dare 
to  emphasize  those  parts  of  the  Sermon  on 
the  Mount  and  of  the  xii  Chap,  of  Luke, 
which  urge  us  to  be  unanxious  about  the 
morrow.  They  are  apt  to  be  taken  in 
too  bald  and  material  a  sense, 


136 


Map  of  Korea. 


[Augud, 


What  has  been  Aid  has  been  only  in  a  celsaltho  he  is  only  emerging  from  the  sop- 
suggestive  fashion,  showing  Chat  there  are  erstitious  barbarism  in  which  Rome  has 
points  in  which  the  Mexican  Christian  ox-     kept  him  floundering  for  three  centuries. 


9 


liinmx 


I*  ■  i-i  ^ 


■AMwai 


VZO 


12Z 


12  } 


vm 


1892.] 


Misfiions  in  Korea, 


137 


Concert  of  (ptAjjet 
Sot  C9utc$  ^oril  ^SroAb. 


JANUARY, 
FEBRUARY, 
MARCH,      . 
APRIL,    . 
MAY, 
JUNE,      . 
JULY,    .    lodians, 
AUGUST, 
SEPTEMBER,    . 
OCTOBER,     . 
NOVEMBER,     . 
DECEMBER, 


General  Review  of  Missions. 

Missions  in  China. 

Mexico  and  Central  America. 

.  Missions  in  India. 

•  Siam  and  Laos. 

.  Missions  in  Africa. 

Chinese  and  Japanese  in  America. 

.     Korea. 

Japan. 

Missions  in  Persia. 

South  America. 

Missions  in  Syria. 


MISSION  IN  KOREA. 

Skoul:  the  capital,  Dear  the  western  coast,  on  the 
Han  River,  and  twenty- five  miles  overland  from  the 
cnrnmercial  port,  Cherouipo:  mission  be((un  in  1884; 
labors  in  1884;  laborers— Rev.  D.  L.  Oifford  and 
wife;  Rev.  8.  A.  MofTett,  C.  C.  Vinton,  M.  D.,  and 
wife,  H.  M.  Brown,  M.  D.,  and  wife,  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
J.  S.  Gale,  and  Mira  8.  A.  Doty. 

Fur  AN:  on  the  southeast  coast;  occupied  as  a  mis- 
sion station,  1891;  laborers — Rev.  W.  M.  Baird  and 
wife. 

In  this  country :  Rev.  and  Mrs.  H.  G.  Underwood. 

tender  appointment  to  sail  during  the  snminer: 
Rev.  and  Mrs.  S.  F.  Moore,  Rev.  and  Mrs.  W.  R. 
Rwallen,  Rev.  Graham  Lee,  Rev.  and  Mrs.  F.  S. 
Miller,  and  Miss  V.  C.  Arbuckle. 


The  accompanying  map  of  Korea  ex- 
hibits sufficiently  the  relation  of  that 
kingdom  to  the  great  empires  of  China 
and  Japan. 

An  ordinary  steamer  malces  the  voyage 
from  Ghem^ilpo,  on  the  west  coast  of 
Korea,  to  Chefoo,  on  the  east  coast  of 
China,  in  about  a  day.  The  sail  from 
Nagasaki,  in  southern  Japan,  to  Fusan,  on 
the  southeastern  corner  of  Korea, — the 
customary  track  of  steamers — is  but  little 
longer.  On  the  northeast  the  long  arm 
of  Russian  Siberia  reaches  down  the 
Pacific  coast  to  Korea.  The  fortified  city 
of  Vladiyostock,  bristling  with  Kussian 
cannon,  its  ample  harbor  the  resort  of 
Russian  navies,  rests  like  a  mailed  hand, 
ready  to  strike  or  to  defend,  just  across 
the  Korean  border.  With  this  exception, 
all  along  its  northern  and  northwestern 


boundary  Korea  is  confronted  by  Chinese 
Manchuria. 

Rev.  D.  L.  Gifford,  of  Seoul,  in  a  recent 
communication,  gives  us  much  informa- 
tion relative  to  the  interior  of  the  country. 
Mr.  Qifford  writes  in  substance  as  fol- 
lows:— 

If  one  were  asked  what  is  the  most  striking 
feature  in  the  physical  formation  of  Korea 
itself  the  answer  would  be,  its  mountains. 
The  coast  rises  precipitously,  although  the 
great  mountain  ranges  lie  mainly  in  the  inte- 
rior. The  islands  sprinkled  (often  a  perfect 
archipelago)  all  along  the  coast  seem  to  be 
sheer  mountains.  In  traveling  from  one  end 
of  the  country  to  the  other  one  is  never  out 
of  sight  of  the  mountains,  and  is  frequently 
winding  from  one  capacious  valley  into 
another.  One  prominent  mountain  chain  in 
the  east  traverses  the  entire  country  from 
north  to  south. 

The  eight  provinces  into  which  the  country 
is  divided  each  has  its  capital  in  which  the 
governor  resides,  who  is  appointed  by  the 
King,  (commercial  cities  are  scattered 
through  the  country,  particularly  in  the 
south.  In  the  interior  regions,  owing  to 
their  more  mountainous  character,  the  popu- 
lation is  relatively  sparse;  while  in  the  more 
open  country  towards  the  sea-board  there  is 
a  closer  grouping  of  important  towns.  The 
population  is  probably  something  over  ten 
millions,  but  an  exact  estimate  is  difficult  to 
form. 

The  places  in  which  foreigners  are  by 
treaty  authorized  to  live  are,  first,  the  royal 
capital,  Seoul,  in  the  central  western  part  of 
Korea.  This  city  is  in  every  roHpect  by  far 
the  most  important  city  in  the  coufitry.  All 
roads  lead  to  Seoul.  Another  place  thrown 
o^ien  by  treaty  is  Chemulpo,  the  sea-port  of 
Seoul,  on  the  west  coast,  about  thirty  miles 
from  the  capital.     This  is  a  town  of  third 


13S 


What  is  the  lidigion  of  Ixoreaf 


[^Atigitsi^ 


rank,  built  np  largely  by  foreign  trade.  Still 
another  treaty  port  is  Fusan,  at  the  southeast 
corner  of  Korea,  with  a  population  largely 
Japanese.  This  is  the  first  point  touched  by 
boats  from  Japan,  and  it  is  from  this  place 
that  new-comers  desiring  to  go  to  Seoul,  tele- 
graph to  friends  in  the  capital  to  hare  ponies 
and  chairs  in  readiness  upon  their  arrival  in 
Chemulpo  to  convey  them  to  Seoul.  The 
third  treaty  port  is  Gensan  on  the  eastern 
coast,  in  the  province  of  Ham  Kyeng.  The 
population  here  also  is  largely  Japanese. 
Most  of  the  work  of  Protestant  missionaries 
up  to  the  present  time  has  for  some  reason 
been  done  in  the  north,  although  by  no  means 
limited  to  that  region.  The  places  where  we 
have  inquirers  are  as  follows :  in  the  province 
of  Ham  Kyeng,  Sam  Sou;  in  the  province  of 
Pyeng  An,  Kou  Syeng,  Eui  Jou,  An  Tjyou 
and  Pyeng  Yang;  in  the  province  of  Hwang 
Hai,  Chang  Yun  and  Hai  Jou;  in  that  of 
Kyeng  Ki,  Seoul  and  An  San ;  in  the  province 
of  Kyeng  Sang,  Fusan.  Native  rumors  have 
come  to  us  by  way  of  Manchuria  of  there 
being  a  large  number  of  believers  in  the 
mountain  valleys  of  the  extreme  north  of 
Korea.  The  investigation  of  these  rumors 
has  not,  up  to  the  present  time,  yielded  alto- 
gether satisfactory  results.  Our  inquiries  are 
still  in  progress.  Our  mission  stations  at 
present  consist  of  Seoul  and  Fusan,  with  the 
prospect  of  entering  Gensan  In  the  immediate 
future.  Fusan  and  Gensan  while  being  Jap- 
anese, are  much  resorted  to  by  Koreans  for 
trade;  and  they  furnish  excellent  centers 
from  which  to  itinerate — from  Fusan,  through 
the  two  populous  provinces  of  the  far  south ; 
from  Gensan,  through  the  succession  of  towns 
which  skirt  the  sea-board  of  the  province  of 
Ham  Kyeng. 

While  the  Korean  Government  gives  ex- 
plicit permission  to  foreigners  to  live  only  in 
treaty  ports,  yet  it  implicitly  sanctions  French 


priests  living  wherever  they  like  throughout 
the  country,  under  travelers^  pass-ports.  The 
Protestant  missionaries  therefore  raise  the 
question :  If  the  Catholic  Fathers  can  live  in 
the  interior,  why  may  not  we?  As  soon  as 
it  seems  best,  another  full  station  should  be 
opened  at  Eui  Jou  and  one  also  at  Pyeng  Yang, 
the  most  important  and  prosperous  city  in  the 
north,  and  the  centre  of  a  large  population. 


WHAT  IS  THE  RELIGION  OF   KOREA  ? 

The  strange  lack  in  Korea  of  any  religion 
commanding  respect  or  even  attention  from 
the  people  as  a  whole  has  often  been  com- 
mented on.  In  a  British  Consular  report  on 
Korea  occurs  this  paragraph:  *^I  was  told 
there  were  a  few  Buddhist  temples  in  the 
vicinity  of  Songdo;  [The  old  capital  of  Korea, 
about  fifty  miles  north  of  Seoul.]  but  I  saw 
none,  and  scarcely  any  appearance  of  re- 
ligious observances.  As  for  religion  '  the 
Koreans  have  scarce  any,^  was  the  judgment 
of  some  shipwrecked  Hollanders,  who  spent 
many  years  in  Korea  in  the  seventeenth  cen- 
tury. Of  the  influence  of  superstition  over 
the  people  constant  evidence  is  seen  in  offer- 
ings to  the  spirits  of  the  mountains  in  the 
shape  of  rags  tied  to  branches  of  shrubs, 
heaps  of  stones  at  the  top  of  mountain 
ridges,  long  ropes  hanging  from  trees,  shrines 
two  or  three  feet  high  placed  by  the  road- 
side, and,  most  quaint  of  all,  in  thick  planks 
set  in  the  ground,  with  the  face  rudely  hewn 
and  painted  to  represent  a  human  head,  with 
teeth  fiercely  prominent.  These  figures  are 
said  to  be  intended  to  keep  foes  out  of  the  vil- 
lages and  thus  protect  the  people  from  their 
spells  and  witchery.  Beyond  these  few 
objects,  ai^d  a  small  Buddhist  temple  near  a 
fine  figure  of  Buddha  cut  in  the  rock  not  far 
from  the  north  gate  of  Seoul,  there  was  no 
trace  of  any  religious  feeling  having  any  hold 
upon  the  people." 


1892.]        Oar  Own  Mission  in  Km-ea-^Biuldhist  Priests — Poverty  of  Korea.     139 


This  testimony  is  corroborated  by  a  joint 
letter  sent  from  Bishop  Scott  of  North  China 
and  Bishop  Bickersteth  of  Japan  to  the  Arch- 
bishop of  Canterbury  a  few  years  ago.  They 
said,  *'As  regards  existing  religion,  Bud- 
dhism has  but  little  influence  here  compared 
with  that  which  it  exercises  in  the  neigh- 
boring countries.  Buddhist  priests  are  not 
allowed  inside  Seoul  (the  capital)  on  pain  of 
death.  Taoism  and  Shintoism,  the  alternative 
heathen  systems  in  China  and  Japan,  are 
both  unknown  in  Korea;  there  are  very  few 
temples,  large  or  small,  to  be  seen ;  the  Koreans 
are  the  least  religious  of  all  these  Eastern  na- 
tions. The  Confucian  philosophy  remains 
as  the  religion  of  the  learned  classes;  the 
unlearned  have  none,  unless  it  be  an  excessive 
reverence  for,  or  dread  of,  ghosts  and  evil 
spirits."  ^ 

Korea  has  only  thirty-two  missionary 
workers  of  all  denominations  for  her  twelve 
millions  of  souls. 


Our  Own  Mission  in  Korea  : — The  Presby- 
terian Church  of  Seoul  now  numbers  119,  of 
whom  21  were  added  last  year.  Of  these,  two 
were  from  the  boys'  school  and  two  from  the 
girls'  school.  Five  of  the  twenty-one  were 
women.  There  have  also  been  sixty-two 
enrolled  as  applicants  for  baptism,  and  these 
have  been  placed  under  regular  instruction 
from  different  members  of  the  mission.  The 
attendance  at  the  regular  Sunday  services  has 
averaged  between  forty  and  fifty,  a  very  high 
average  when  we  remember  that  more  than 
half  of  the  church  membership  live  outside  of 
the  city.  A  Sunday-school  for  boys  numbers 
twenty-five,  and  a  Bible  class  of  eighteen 
meets  regularly  for  instruction  from  Mr. 
Gifford.  

Buddhist  Priests: — Mr.  C.  W.  Caropboll, 
of  the  British  Consulate  in  Korea,  describes  the 


Buddhist  monks  of  that  country  as  he  saw 
them  in  a  journey  of  thirteen  hundred  miles 
through  the  northern  part  of  the  peninsula. 
He  speaks  appreciatively  of  their  hospitality 
and  genuine  kindness  to  travelers,  but  with 
this    exception   he  finds  little  to  admire  in 
them.     He  says,  ^'  The  monks  do  not  shine 
as  earnest  exponents  of  their  faith.     Few  of 
them  know  much  of  Buddhism  or  its  history, 
and  none  could  make  any  pretence  to  explain 
intelligibly  the  purport  of   the    books    they 
use  at  their  services.     The  pronunciation  of 
a   few    constantly    recurring    Sanscrit    and 
Thibetan    syllables  is  the  stock  in  trade  of 
all,  ihough  many  possess  a  respectable  know- 
ledge of  Chinese,  which  is  the  Korean  em- 
bodiment of  everything    we    mean    by    the 
word    ^education.'    One  would  look  far  for 
the  remotest  tinge  of  religious  fervor  amongst 
the  dull,  cadaverous  creatures  who  predomi- 
nate   in  most   monasteries.     On  the  whole, 
the    shrines  themselves  are  not  wanting  in 
the  impressiveness  characteristic  of  holy  places, 
but  whatever  effect  this  might  be   calculated 
to  have  upon  the    minds  of     devout    persons 
must  certainly  be  dissipated  by  the  perfunc- 
tory mummery  which  is   dignified  with  the 
name  of   worship.     Bona  fide    pilgrims    in 
search  of  spiritual  comfort  are  rare;  I  only 
came  across    two.     '*0f    the   classes    from 
which  the  monks  are  drawn,  Mr.  Campbell 
says,  ''  They  are  recruited  from  two  sources; 
from  children  whose  parents  have  got  rid  of 
thetn  on  account  of  poverty  or  because  they 
are  weakly,    and    from    grown-up    persons 
whom  the  contrast  between  the  peaceful  in- 
dolence   of    these  lovely  mountain  retreats 
and  the  struggle  for  existence  elsewhere  has 
allured  into  monastic  vows.  " 


The  Poverty  of  Korea. — The  same  observ- 
er makes  an  interesting  comment  on  the  pov- 
erty of  Korea.     He  combats  the    prevailing 


140 


The  BibU  in  Korta — JVtrf  a  Nice  Place  to  Live  In. 


{^Avffuat, 


notion  th&t  this  is  due  to  the  natural  poverty 
of  the  land.  He  says,  "Thongta  her  people 
liveio  squalor  and  poverty,  Korea  is  naturally 
a  rich  country  and  one  of  excellent  capa- 
bilities in  every  way.  In  my  opinion  this 
fact  is  not  always  remembered  sufficiently. 
Bough  comparisons  are  made  with  Japan  and 
China,  very  much  to  Korea's  disadvantage. 


and,  as  such,  directly  interested  in  the  well- 
being  and  advancement  of  his  people.  The 
Korean  governor  or  magistrate  is  appointed 
from  the  capital,  through  favor  of  the  king 
or  some  other  ad veotitioa 3  circumstance,  and 
hi^  whole  aim  is  concentrated  usually  on 
amassing  as  mnch  wealth  as  the  term  of  hJs 
office  allows  him.  Which  of  the  two  is  the 
better  system  for  promoting  and  fostering 
the  arts  and  industries  which  goto  build  up 
u  progressive  civilization  there  can  be  do 
doubt.  At  any  rate,  it  is  certain  that  the 
Korean  character  would  alter  for  the  better 
under  an  administration  which  would  insure 
peoptein  the  lawful  possession  of  their  prop- 
erty, protect  them  from  arbitrary  molestation, 
nnd  furnish  them  thereby  with  an  incentive 
to  honest  exertion. " 


Travelers  who  pass  casualty  through  Japan 
and  Korea  always  wonder  that  the  civilization 
of  the  former  should  have  been  so  advanced, 
of  the  latter  so  iHickward,  in  pre -Treaty  times, 
and  this  in  spite  of  the  assertion  of  history 
that  Japan  was  indebted  to  Korea  for  many 
of  the  aids  to  her  present  superiority.  I 
venture  to  think  that  this  was  due  to  the 
radically  difierent  systems  of  government 
prevailing  in  the  two  countries.  In  Japan  the 
feudal  system  created  bonds  of  mutual  as- 
sistance and  conRdsnce,  which  the  centralized 
government  of  Korea  absolutely  forbids; 
the  lord  of  the  soil,  though  compelled  to 
esacthis  quotaof  imperial  expenses  from 
the  tenant,  was  still   a  permanent  resident 


The  Bible  in  Korea. — One  of  the  great 
tasks  pressing  upon  missionaries  just  now  is 
the  translation  of  the  Bible  into  the  verna- 
cular. A  beginning  has  already  been  made 
and  a  joint  committee  from  onr  mission 
and  that  of  the  Methodist  Church  has  been 
appointed  to  carry  forward  this  important 
and  difficult  labor. 

Not  a  Nice  Pi.4CK  to  Live  in. — Bishop 
Corfe,  the  lender  of  the  Anglican  Mission 
which  entered  Korea  in  1890,  finds  Seoul,  ex- 
ternally at  least,  a  most  unattractive  place. 
He  writes:  "  The stiualor  and  filth  of  both  the 
streets  and  the  houses  of  Seoul  baffle  descrip- 
tion. I  have  a  wide  experience  of  foreign 
towns  and  have  never  seen,  even  in  China, 
anything  to  equal  it.  It  is  not  the  srfualor  of 
poverty  (I  have  seen  no  beggars),  but  of  ac- 
quiescence in  dirt  by  all  classes,  though  by  a 
strange  irony  the  outer  clothes  of  the  inhab- 
itants (which  are  entirely  white)  are  often 
spotlessly  clean. " 


1892.1 


T/angtiage  of  Korea  and  iftasiona. 


A    MISSIONARY    RESIDENCE    IN    KOHBA. 


THE  LANGUAGE  OF  KOREA  AND  MIS- 
SIONS. 
In  the  matter  of  langiiaKetheinissionary  in 
Korea  finds  himself  favored  by  c i re iim stances 
beyood  his  brethren  in  Japan  and  China. 
While  Chinese  is  cultivated  by  all  who  make 
any  prctensionsto  scholarship,  and  all  docn- 
ments,  public  and  private,  are  written  in  Chi- 
nese, it  is  not  the  spoken  language  of  the 
country.  This,  called  Enmoun,  (also  written 
Onmun),  is  atongue  widely  differing  from 
both  Chinese  and  Japanese  and  the  difference 
is  all  in  itafavor,  as  regards  facility  orac<iuire- 
ment.  Itispolysyllabicandpossesses  agram- 
mar,  as  well  as  thealmost  inestimable  advan- 
tage of  an  alphabet.  This  comprises  37  let- 
ters. It  vowels,  13  diphthongs  and  14  conso- 
nants. A  few  hours  will  snfHce  to  master  it, 
whilein  studying  Chinese  years  must  be  spent 
before  the  elements  of  the  written  langnage 
are  aciiuired.  Mr.  Underwood  says  of  the 
Korean,     "It  took  me   not  quite  a  year  to 


learn  how  to  nse  the  langnage,  and  in  two 
years  most  men  can  make  themselves  quite 
at  home  in  it." 

Another  circumstance  most  fortunate  in 
it£  bearing  on  missionary  work  is  the  ab.sence 
of  distinct  dialects.  To  be  sure,  the  speech 
of  one  province  differs  somewhat  from  thatof 
another,  so  that  in  the  capital  a  Korean  can 
tell  at  once  by  a  man's  accent  from  what 
part  of  the  country  he  comes,  but  there  are 
no  snch  differences  as  would  make  the  lan- 
guage of  one  province  unintelligible  in  an- 
other. 

The  carious  relation  which  exists  between 
Chinese  and  the  native  language  in  Korea  is 
illustrated  by  this  anecdote,  told  by  Mr. 
Appenzeller,  of  the  Methodist  Mission  in 
Seoul;— '■  In  an  audience  with  the  governor 
of  a  province  not  long  ago.  I  was  asked 
something  alxiut  Washington  which  I  did 
not  understand.  Paper  and  brush  were 
called  for  and  brought.     The  governor  began 


142 


Our  Korean  Bvangdids, 


[Augud, 


to  write  in  Chinese,  when  I  had  to 
plead  ignorance  of  the  characters,  but  in 
the  same  breath  announced  that  I  under- 
stood the  native  characters.  He  immediately 
handed  the  paper  and  brush  to  one  of  his 
attendants.  Whether  His  Excellency  omild 
not  or  loould  not  write  the  Enmoun,  I  have 
no  sure  means  of  determining." 


OUR  KOKEAN  EVANGELISTS. 
Rev.  Samuel  A.  Moffett,  Seoul. 
Nearly  twenty  years  ago  one  of  the  smaller 
officials  of  Egi  Ju,  in  the  northwestern  part  of 
Korea,  near  the  Manchurian  border,  while  on 
a  vi&it  to  Moukden,  made  the  acquaintance  of 
Rev.  John  Ross  of  the  Scotch  United  Presby- 
terian Mission  in  Manchuria.  On  his  return 
to  Eui  Ju  he  took  with  him  some  Chinese 
Gospels  and  a  tallow  candle  which  had 
taken  his  fancy.  It  is  a  little  remarkable 
that  a  tallow  candle  should  have  been  the 
means  of  the  first  entrance  of  Protestant 
Christianity  into  the  '*  Hermit  Kingdom," 
but  nevertheless  such  was  the  fact.  Through 
his  interest  in  this  candle  the  son  of  that 
official,  a  young  man  of  perhaps  twenty- three 
years,  was  led  to  examine  the  books  which 
accompanied  it.  Soon  he  and  a  group  of  his 
friends  were  studying  the  Gospels,  and  con- 
tinued their  study  for  two  or  three  years. 
Finally  he  went  with  three  others  to  Moukden 
to  see  the  missionaries  about  this  new  doc- 
trine. After  spending  a  few  days  with  Rev. 
Mr.  Mclntyre,  these  four  young  men  were 
baptized  by  him  and  sent  back  to  Korea,  the 
first  baptized  Christians  of  that  land — except 
the  Romanists.  This  man  was  Paik  Hong 
Chyoun  (in  the  accompanying  picture,  the 
one  sitting  at  the  left).     He  began  to  sell 

« 

books  in  Eui  Ju,  bringing  them  from  Mouk- 
den. Upon  two  occasions  his  books  were 
seized  at  the  Custom  House  and  he  was 
thrown  into  prison.     The  first  time,  he  was 


beaten.  The  second  time,  he  was  threatened 
with  death,  but  he  coolly  replied,  *'  All  right, 
it  will  make  no  difference  to  me."  The  official 
then  demanded  money,  but  Paik  replied,  ^*  I 
have  no  money."  He  was  again  told  that  he 
would  be  put  to  death,  but  he  merely  replied, 
'  *  Very  well,  you  have  that  power. "  Finally, 
after  several  months  imprisonment,  he  was 
again  beaten  and  then  set  free.  Since  that 
time  he  has  been  going  in  and  out  among  the 
merchants  of  Eui  Ju,  witnessing  for  the  gas- 
pel.  He  is  known  to  all  as  '^Paik  the  dis- 
ciple. "  For  the  last  few  years  he  has  attended 
our  theological  class  in  Seoul  and  is  now  in 
charge  of  our  property  and  work  in  Eui  Ju. 
Paik  is  not  a  highly  cultured  man  and  is 
lacking  somewhat  in  the  more  refined  man- 
ners and  sensitiveness  of  our  Seoul  evangelist, 
but  is  rather  a  hearty,  rough,  good-natured, 
companionable  fellow.  His  depth  of  feeling 
was  manifested  in  his  broken  voice  and  tear- 
ful eyes  as  he  led  in  prayer  at  the  last  cele- 
bration of  the  Ijord's  Supper.  He  has  been 
faiihful  in  family  worship,  and  it  was  my 
privilege  last  fall  to  baptize  his  wife,  who  was 
the  first  Korean  woman  outside  of  Seoul  to 
re(;eive  baptism. 

Our  Seoul  evangelist.  Saw  Syang  Youn, 
(in  the  picture,  the  one  in  the  centre)  first 
heard  of  the  gospel  through  Paik.  He  com- 
mands our  heartiest  admiration  and  respect. 
Lieft  an  orphan  when  he  had  finished  but  the 
first  two  books  in  his  study  of  the  Chinese 
characters,  he  began  the  struggle  for  a  living 
as  a  travelling  merchant  between  Korea  and 
China.  In  his  spare  moments  he  continued 
his  studies  and  has  industriously  pursued  them 
until,  to-day,  he  reads  the  characters  with 
ease  and  commands  the  respect  of  scholars. 
On  one  of  his  journeys  into  China  he  became 
seriously  sick  and  sought  the  missionary 
physician  in  Moukden.  While  under  treat- 
ment he  was  frequently  visited  by  Mr.  Mcln- 


18d2.3 


;  JSoangeHnts. 


KOREAX   EVAKflEUSTS. 


tyre,  who  anked  him  to  read  the  gospel.  He 
steadrastly  refused  to  do  ao,  nntil  he  was  at 
last  diamisaed  by  the  physician,  cured.  Being 
then  told  that  there  was  no  charge  for  the 
medicine  and  treatment,  but  that  they  would 
be  glad  to  have  him  read  that  t>ook,  he  became 
ashamed  of  his  former  refusal,  took  the  book 
and  l>egan  to  read  it.  At  first  he  was  not  in- 
tereated,  but,  aa  he  read  on,  the  Spirit  of  Ood 
opened  hia  eyes  and  he  saw  his  need  of  a  Sa- 
viour. He  again  visited  Moukden  and  waa 
baptir«d  by  Mr.  Rosa.  This  was  twelve 
years  ago.     A  year  after  that  he  removed  to 


Seoni  where  he  began  quietly  to  distribute 
Christian  books.  Three  years  later  he  moved 
to  a  farm  in  Hwang  Hai  To  with  his  brother, 
who  ia  now  Mr.  Fen  wick's  helper  in  Gensan. 
For  four  years  more  he  journeyed  back  and 
forth  between  his  farm  and  Seoul  and  upon 
one  of  these  journeys  found  Mr.  Underwood, 
who  had  arrived  in  Seoul  from  onr  own  Pres- 
byterian Church.  Four  yeara  ago  he  again 
moved  his  family  to  Seoul  and  ever  since  has 
been  our  chief  helper  in  all  work.  Naturally 
cheerful,  with  a  bright  sparkle  in  his  eye,  hia 
conviction  of  the  truth  of  the  gospel  and  hia 


144 


No  Call  for  Timidity  in  Korea. 


l^Attguii, 


concern  for  the  condition  of  his  people  have 
made  him  grave,  sober  and  intensely  in  ear^ 
nest.  He  is  so  refined  and  polite  as  well  as 
dignified  that  his  personality  impresses  one  at 
a  glance.  A  gentleman  from  New  York  vis- 
iting Seoul,  upon  being  introduced  to  Mr. 
Saw  immediately  exclaimed,  ^^Why,  he  is 
a  fine-looking  manl^^  As  a  preacher  Mr. 
"Saw  is  earnest  and  pointed  as  well  as  Scrip- 
tural, while  as  a  man  his  whole  character 
and  demeanor  are  a  power  for  good. 

The  third  and  youngest  of  our  group  is 
Clioi  Myeng  O,  who  lives  in  Hwang  Hai  To, 
and  first  heard  of  the  Gospel  through  Mr.  Saw 
during  one  of  the  latter's  journeys  between 
Seoul  and  his  farm.  He  and  Saw's  brother 
were  among  the  first  of  those  baptized  by  Mr. 
Underwood .  He  is  by  far  the  best  scholar  of 
the  three,  being  well  versed  in  the  Chinese 
cla<«sics.  He  is  also  an  earnest  student  of  the 
Scriptures,  and  being  very  apt  to  teach  proves 
a  most  valuable  assistant  as  a  travelling  com- 
panion when  groups  of  inquirers  or  of  unin- 
structed  Christians  are  to  be  met.  For  two 
years  he  labored  as  a  colporteur  of  the  British 
and  Foreign  Bible  Society,  at  a  time  when 
to  do  so  was  to  be  abused  and  scorned.  For 
the  last  two  years  he  has  been  under  our 
direction,  looking  after  our  work  on  the  west 
coast  or  traveling  with  one  of  the  foreigners. 
*  These  three  men  have  qualities  which  will 
make  them  a  great  power  if  only  they  receive 
the  baptism  of  the  Holy  Spirit.  We  ask  that 
they  may  be  made  the  subject  of  special 
prayer  during  the  month  which  the  church 
has  appointed  for  united  study  and  prayer  in 
behalf  of  Korea. 


NO  CALL  FOR  TIMIDITY  IN  KOREA, 

ME8.    H.  G.   UNDERWOOD,  SEOUL. 

Although  Korea  has  always  been  consider- 
ed the  most  exclusive  of  nations,  has,  indeed, 
come  to  be  generally  known  as  the  ^^  Hermit 


Nation, ^^  the  short  history  of  Protestant  Mis- 
sions in  that  country  is  one  of  the  brightest 
and  most  promising  that  can  be  found  in  all 
the  annals  of  pioneer  work.  Rumors  and 
sensational  reports  of  mobs. persecutions,  etc., 
have  repeatedly  helped  to  fill  a  colnmn  in  the 
newspapers,  so  that  almost  the  first  (question 
which  a  returned  missionary  is  asked  is  ^*  But 
do  you  not  find  a  great  deal  of  government 
opposition?  "  The  simple  fact  however  is 
that  hitherto  very  little  of  such  opposition 
has  ever  been  met. 

Two  of  the  most  open  and  outspoken  mis- 
sionary workers  in  Seoul,  one  a  Presbyterian 
and  the  other  a  Methodist,  once  took  a  trip 
together  in  the  interior.  Though  they  made 
no  secret  of  their  object,  they  were  treated 
with  the  highest  honor  by  the  governors  and 
magistrates  through  whose  districts  they  pass- 
ed. One  high  official  in  particular,  whose  son 
had  just  returned  from  the  goverment  school 
in  Seoul  and  who  therefore  must  have  known 
perfectly  what  their  character  and  business 
were,  sent  them  presents  of  the  choicest 
dainties  and  loaded  them  with  every  atten- 
tion. Upon  their  return  one  of  them  was 
waited  upon  by  the  highest  dignitaries  of  the 
state  and  urged  to  take  charge  of  the  govern- 
ment school  where  the  sons  of  the  noblest 
families    are  educated. 

Later,  the  same  man  made  another  trip  to 
the  extreme  north.  After  spending  about 
ten  days  in  one  of  the  largest  cities,  he  called 
before  leaving  upon  the  governor  of  the  place. 
His  Excellency  apologized  for  not  having 
himself  called  upon  the  missionary,  and  re- 
marked that  he  understood  that  Mr. 

had  been  distributing  a  great  many  good  books 
and  that  he  was  greatly  indebted   to  him. 

Again,  when  one  of  our  native  Christians 
was  arrested  and  thrown  into  prison  by  a  pro- 
vincial magistrate,  his  superior  in  Seoul 
mEule  the  amplest  apologies,  ordered  the  man 


1892.] 


No  Cull  for  Timidity  in  Korea. 


145 


released  and  feasted  and  tried  to  explain  the 
matter  to  the  missionary  by  saying  that  the 
official  who  had  caused  the  arrest  had  been  a 
long  time  in  the  interior  of  the  country,  re- 
mote from  the  capital  and  did  not  understand 
affairs. 

In  the  very  early  history  of  Mission  work 
in  Korea,  a  colporteur  who  had  been  seized 
and  whose  books  had  been  confiscated  was 
set  free  with  only  an  admonition  to  sell  no 
more.  A  few  days  later  his  books  were  all 
privately  returned  by  the  official  himself,  in 
person,  who  told  the  man  to  go  on  with  the 
good  work,  but  to  be  careful. 

Some  of  the  heathen  youths  at  the  hospital 
school,  which  is  under  government  control, 
complained  lo  the  president  of  the  hospital 
that  one  of  their  companions  was  a  Christian 
(their  real  objection  to  him  was  on  quite  dif- 
ferent grounds)  and  requested  his  dismissal. 
The  president  replied,  ^^  Your  teacher  also  is 
a  Christian,  but  he  is  none  the  worst  for  that, 
and  if  you  do  not  like  to  remain  in  the  school 
with  the  young  man,  you  may  leave.  '*  He 
refused  to -dismiss  tha  young  converi;. 

Not  only  do  we  enjoy  the  good-will  of  high 
official ;  we  have  received  many  tokens  of  royal 
favor.  It  is  not  without  significance  that  the 
King  and  Queen  on  the  royal  birthdays  and 
national  holidays  send  to  the  physicians  of 
the  Presbyterian  Mission  ample  presents  of 
beef,  pheasants,  fruits,  etc.,  the  same  as  those 
sent  to  the  Korean  officials.  They  have  also 
sent  generous  wedding  presents  and  other 
gifts  to  the  lady  physicians  who  have  treated 
Her  Majesty.  It  is  true  that  these  physicians 
were  in  a  certain  sense  Korean  officials, 
but  there  is  no  mistaking  the  feeling  of  good 
will,  passing  easily  into  tolerance  and  confi- 
dence which  such  acts  indicate.  Another  in- 
stance of  a  similar  character  occurs  to  me. 


When  Her  Majesty,  the  Queen,  after  strictly 
secluding  herself  for  two  years,  finally  gave 
an  audience,  she  invited  the  ladies  of  the  lega- 
tions and  consulates,  omitting  others  of  high 
rank,  but  her  invitation  expressly  included 
the  Presbyterian  woman  physician  and  the 
wife  of  the  Presbyterian  hospital  physician. 
To  realize  the  full  significance  of  this,  one 
needs  to  understand  that  throughout  the  East 
missionaries  are  usually  considered  inferior 
in  rank  to  all  officials  and  are  very  rarely  in- 
vited to  official  entertainments  of  any  kind. 
Although  public  religious  services  are  held 
several  times  a  week  in  the  Mission  com- 
pound with  singing  which  can  be  heard  all 
through  the  neighborhood,  and  the  people 
make  no  secret  of  their  coming  or  going,  and 
though  government  officials  often  call  at  our 
house,  making  numerous  inquiries  about  our 
work  which  are  always  frankly  answered, 
no  one  has  ever  laid  hands  on  any  of  the  na- 
tive wo^hippers,  nor  have  they  ever  been 
threatened  or  forbidden  to  attend  the  services. 
It  is  true  that  in  1868  a  note  was  sent  to  the 
consulates  asking  that  Christian  teaching  be 
stopped,  but  as  Korea  just  then  had  the  best 
reasons  for  hostility  to  the  French  Jesuits 
and  could  not  frown  upon  them  without  a 
pretence  of  silencing  us  also,  we  conclud- 
ed that  this  admonition  was  never  intended 
except  to  save  appearances,  nor  has  it  ever 
been  other  than  a  dead  letter.  The  Korean 
Government  has  shown  and  we  are  confident, 
feels  no  hostility  toward  Protestant  missions, 
but  for  political  reasons  they  prefer  that  we 
should  not  force  our  doings  upon  their  offici- 
al cognizance  too  openly.  Nor  is  this  necess- 
ary. There  is  more  work  ready  at  our  hands 
than  in  many  a  day,  alas!  we  can  find  hands 
for,  and  when  that  work  is  done,  the  way 
will  be  cleared  for  more. 


146 


Church   VisUation — A  Remarkable  Conversion, 


[Av/gust^ 


iLtiitxt. 


CHINA. 


CHUKCir  VIWTATION. 


Kkv.  V.  F.  Pautcii,  Ningpo:—\  am  writing 
alK)ut  200  miles  from  Ningpo  in  our  farthest  out- 
station  in  the  Tongyiang  district.  We  are  a  com- 
mittee of  three  appointed  by  Presbytery, — two 
natives  and  myself,  to  examine  the  church  up 
here.  Mr.  Tsiang  of  Hangchow,  where  he  has 
been  pastor  for  some  twenty  years,  and  Mr.  Yi, 
of  Zong-yu,  pastor  for  fifteen  years,  are  my 
fellow  committee-men.  We  made  the  journey 
here  by  boat  on  river  and  canal  about  three  fifths 
of  the  way,  the  rest  by  land  either  in  a  chair  or 
on  foot.  With  the  natives  I  encourage  walking 
by  both  precept  and  example.  Chairs  are  costly, 
and  walking  is  just  the  exercise  needed. 

The  nature  of  our  errand  has  made  calling  on 
the  church  members  our  first  object.  They  are 
very  scattered.  The  church  has  two  principal 
stations,  one  at  Leo-si-dzeh  and  one  at  Loh-zih- 
keo,  where  I  am  now  writing,  distant  about  six 
miles.  The  members  arc  scattered  in  all  direc- 
tions from  these  two  points,  far  and  near.  They 
number  seventy-seven  all  told.  We  have  carried 
on  pastoral  work  with  a  great  deal  of  vigor 
during  the  past  two  weeks.  The  members  all 
seem  to  be  earnest  and  faithful.  Some  of  them 
have  to  endure  a  great  deal  of  hardness  for  Christ's 
sake.  I  have  in  mind  now,  two  women  in  a 
village  about  three  miles  distant,  who  have  per- 
severed in  their  Christian  profession  for  years,  in 
the  face  of  the  bitter  opposition  of  their 
husbands.  It  seems  that  now  their  perseverance 
is  to  be  rewarded.  The  opposition  has  almost 
ceased.  The  husband  of  one  of  them  welcomed 
us  with  a  great  deal  of  cordiality.  These  two 
women  came  through  the  rain  to  church  yester- 
day, one  of  them  carrying  a  baby.  Three  miles, 
for  a  Chinese  woman  with  small  feet,  is  no  small 
undertaking. 

With  our  pastoral,  we  have  done  a  great  deal 
of  evangelistic  work.  The  foreigner  is  not  such 
a  common  object  here  as  to  be  passed  by  with 


indifference.  Whenever  we  call  on  a  member,  a 
great  crowd  of  the  neighbors  assembles  to  see  the 
foreigner.  We,  of  course,  take  the  opportunity 
to  tell  the  story.  It  is  indeed  difficult  to  fasten 
conviction  on  these  souls  hardened  by  centuries 
of  superstition.  One  man  being  asked  if  he  had 
sin,  said,-" Yes,  I  am  afilicted  and  poor,  and  the 
neighbors  don't  treat  me  well."  Another,  told  to 
prepare  for  death,  said  he  hadn't  forgotten  the 
coffin,  clothes,  etc;  he  would  make  provision  in 
time.  They  do  not  take  hold  instinctively  of 
spiritual  truth. 

We  have  sold  quite  a  number  of  books  on  the 
way,  in  one  place  and  another,  sometimes  taking 
a  special  trip  for  that  purpose.  We  trust  these 
and  the  words  we  have  spoken  may  not  be  wholly 
lost,  but  may  make  the  impression  that  the  Lord 
wills. 

CHILI. 

A  RKMAUKABLE   CONVERSION. 

Ukv.  W.  H.  Lebteu,  Jr.,  Santiago: — For  a 
number  of  years  I  have  received  letters  f^om  a 
man  whom  I  will  call  Jose  Y.  These  letters, 
apart  from  the  generous  contributions  they  often 
contained,  were  remarkable  for  simplicity  of  lan- 
guage and  for  the  deep  spiritual  life  that  cvi? 
dently  inspired  them.  It  was  with  a  good  deal 
of  interest,  therefore,  that  I  sought  out  this  man 
whom  I  found  employed  in  a  smelting  establish- 
ment a  little  way  from  the  place  where  I  was 
staying. 

On  going  to  the  office  of  the  works  I  found 
the  director  was  an  old  acquaintance,  a  man  who 
takes  no  interest  in  religion,  in  fact,  a  professed 
unbeliever.  I  asked  him  if  he  had  in  his  employ 
a  workman  named  Jose  Y.,  and  he  replied  :  *'0 
yes,  Jos6  is  one  of  my  best  men,  competent  and 
perfectly  trustworthy.  He  is,  I  believe,  one  of 
your  proselytes,  and  one  who  is  a  credit  to  you, 
for  he  does  a  great  deal  of  good  in  the  works." 

In  the  evening  Jose  visited  me  in  the  hotel,  and 
related  the  following  experience : 

I  was  in  Cobija  in  1877,  just  after  the  earthquake, 
and  was  employed  with  a  number  of  others  in  saving 
the  wood  carried  out  into  the  Bay  by  the  tidal  wave. 
One  day  a  workman  brought  me  a  few  leaves  of  a 
book  found  floating  among  the  debris*    X  dried  and 


1892.] 


Native  Pastors  Called — A  Church  Organized. 


147 


carefully  arnuiged  the  leaves  which  proved  to  be  the 
last  part  of  John^s  Gospel,  and  the  Acts  of  the 
Apo6tles,~the  first  time  I  had  ever  seen  any  part  of 
the  Bible,— and  I  can  assure  you  I  read  the  leaves 
with  a  good  deal  of  curiosity. 

Shortly  after,  my  house  burned  down  and  I  lost 
my  precious  leaves.  In  Ck>piapo,  however,some  time 
afterwards,  a  man  offered  me  a  Bible  for  fifty  cents. 
I  studied  and  read  it,  but  many  things  I  did  not 
understand.  Then  the  thought  possessed  me:  God 
does  not  give  you  light  to  understand  these  things  be- 
cause you  have  been  such  a  wicked  man.  I  remem- 
ber once  I  was  reading  the  Bible  far  into  the  night, 
but  my  inner  darkness  was  so  great  I  threw  the 
book  to  the  other  side  of  the  room,  put  out  the  light 
and  went  to  bed.  Being  unable  to  sleep,  I  sat  up, 
lighted  the  candle  and  began  reading  again.  But  it 
was  of  no  use';  I  could  understand  nothing,  and  I 
threw  down  the  book  and  went  to  bed.  As  I  lay 
awake  thinking,  the  thought  struck  me:  why  not 
ask  God  to  forgive  your  sins  and  give  you  light  to 
understand  His  word.  I  got  up  and  kneeled  down 
and  prayed,  when  suddenly  it  seemed  the  whole 
room  was  full  of  light;  my  heart  seemed  to  come  up 
into  my  very  throat,  and  a  flood  of  peace  and  happi- 
ness almost  drowned  me.  Then  I  knew  I  was  changed, 
and  began  to  understand  Christ^s  words  about  the 
new  birth,  words  which  I  had  often  read  without 
knowing  their  meaning.  That  night  I  wrote  on  the 
margin  of  my  Bible :  *  I,  Jose  V. ,  on  this  11  th  of  Nov. , 
188-,  was  bom  again.^  I  am  over  fifty  years  old, 
and  what  an  old  baby  I  am,  8ir.^*  Such  was  in  sub- 
stance the  simple  and  affecting  story  he  told  me. 
The  oid  man  is  still  living,  a  light  in  a  dark  place. 


INDIA. 


NATIVE  PASTORS  CALLED. 

Rev.  J.  M.  Gohben,  Kolhajrur: — Two  of  our 
native  churches  have  been  stimulated  by  Dr. 
Gillespie's  talks  on  the  importance  of  native 
churches  having  their  own  pastors.  The  churches 
at  Itiwadi  and  Kolhapur  have  both  called  pastors 
who  were  ordained  and  installed  over  them  last 
March.  The  following  letter  of  acceptance  was 
sent  to  me  by  the  man  called  to  the  Kolhapur 
church : 

"  Reverend  and  Dear  Sir  :— Firmly  believing 
the  call  to  be  from  the  Lord,  I  dare  not  refuse  it, 
but  after  many  prayers  and  a  hard  struggle,  I  give 
myself  entirely  hito  the  hands  of  the  Lord  for  guid- 
ance, strength  and  grace,  and  accept  the  call  from 
the  church. 

Now,  sir,  I  think  I  need  divine  as  well  as  human 
help.  I  cannot  believe  for  a  moment  that  I  am 
worthy  for  that  high  calling.  Let  me  tell  you  that 
I  shall  be  dependent  upon  you  for  instruction,  direc- 
tion and  advice,  and  you  must  kindly  give  me  a  free 
^nefit  of  your  long  experience  and  knowledge  of 


human  nature.  By  accepting  the  call  I  do  not  think 
I  shall  be  able  to  accomplish  anything  till  I  learn 
under  your  direction,  to  bear  the  burden  of  cares 
and  troubles  which  the  work  involves. 

In  conclusion,  sir,  I  beg  the  earnest  prayers  and 
sympathy  and  help  from  aU  my  Christian  friends  in 
the  church  and  abroad,  and  casting  away  all  my 
doubts  and  fears,  I  heartily  say,  *  Lord,  here  I  am ; 
use  me  for  Thy  service  and  glory.' 

I  b«>g  to  remain,  sir, 

Your  obedient  servant, 

Shivarah  Masop." 

To  attain  this  end  has  been  my  prayer  for  ten 
years.  I  am  thankful  to  add  that  the  church 
pays  all  its  pastor's  salary. 

LAOS. 
A  ciiuucii  organized. 

J.  W.  McKean.  M.  D.,  Gheungniai'.—OvL 
Feb.,  26,  I  returned  from  a  tour  to  the  Northern 
Laos  Provinces.  I  had  long  desired  to  make 
this  tour  with  Dr.  McGilvary,  and  this  year  I 
enjoyed  that  great  privilege. 

We  left  Cheungmai,  Jan.  5.  By  evening  of 
that  day  we  had  entered  the  mountains,  and  for 
the  next  three  or  four  days  our  way  was  over 
mountains,  through  mountain  passes,  crossing 
mountain  streams,  one  of  which  we  crossed  more 
than  forty  times  in  a  single  day,  until  wc  had 
passed  the  watershed  between  the  Ma  Ping  and 
the  Great  Cambodia. 

At  the  end  of  four  and  a  half  days  we  reached 
the  Pa  Pow  Church.  Until  our  visit  there  had 
been  no  formal  church  organization.  Presbytery, 
in  Dcccinber  last,  appointed  Dr.  McGilvary  and 
the  Elders  who  should  accompany  him,  a  com- 
mittee to  establish  a  church  at  this  place,  if  the 
way  were  open.  We  were  glad  to  find  the  way 
open,  and  accordingly  a  church  was  organized 
with  thirty  seven  adult  and  twenty-nine  infant 
members — three  elders  and  two  deacons  were 
elected,  ordained  and  installed. 

Our  next  point  was  Maa  Con,  about  two  days' 
travel  from  Pa  Pow.     Here  we  spent  a  week 
It  was  from  this  place  that  Dr.  McGilvary  went 
into  the  mountains  last  year,  to  visit  a  Moosur 
village. 

A  MOOSUR  VILLAGE  BAPTIZED. 

The  Moosur  live  in  the  mountains,  coming 
down  into  the  plain  only  to  trade.    Their  form 


148 


A  Moosur   Village  Baptized — Narrmo  Encape  from  Fire.         \Augu9t^ 


of  goverDment  is  patriarchal.  They  are  con- 
sidered by  the  Laos  to  be  a  very  honest,  upright 
people.  Their  chief  vice  is  opium  smoking  In 
this  village  there  were  twenty-two  people  last 
year.  The  two  fathers  seemed  to  embrace  the 
Gospel  from  the  first,  and  after  three  months  of 
instruction  were  baptized.  One  of  these  men 
was  a  confirmed  user  of  opium.  From  the  time 
he  became  a  Christian  until  the  present,  he  has 
not  used  opium  at  all.  What  was  our  joy  on 
visiting  them  in  their  mountain  home,  to  find 
that  they  all  desired  to  he  baptized.  Although 
there  are  but  two  families,  they  have  built  a 
chapel  at  their  village,  for  their  daily  use.  On 
Sabbaths  they  go  down  to  the  plain  to  worshi]) 
with  the  Laos  Christians  at  the  Chapel  in  Maa 
Con.  We  visited  them  on  Saturday.  On  Sun- 
day, of  the  twenty -three  persons  now  comprising 
the  families,  twenty-two  were  present.  Two 
were  baptized  last  year.  Of  the  remaining 
twenty,  seven  children  received  infant  baptism, 
and  thirteen  adults  were  received  into  full  church 
mem))er8hip.  The  two  women  and  children  do 
not  speak  Laos.  I  have  never  seen  a  grander  sight 
than  that — these  twenty  persons  standing  up  to 
receive  the  seal  of  God,  the  patriarch  of  the 
village  acting  as  interpreter  between  them  and 
Dr.  McGilvary. 

Their  Laos  neighbors  report  that  during  the 
past  year  they  have  been  very  diligent  in  observ- 
ing to  do  all  they  ought  to  do,  so  far  as  they  un- 
derstand it.    Their  building  their  own  chapel, 

« 

which  is  much  the  best  house  in  the  village  was 
their  own  motion. 

So  important  do  they  consider  the  observance 
of  the  Sabbath  day  that  they  have  prohibited 
their  Moosur  friends  from  visit iog  them  on  that 
day. 

From  Yung  Liia  we  made  a  visit  to  Moosur 
villages  high  up  on  the  mountains.  Providen- 
tially we  were  directed  to  the  village  of  the 
Achan  or  teacher.  He  is  the  priest  of  three  or 
four  villages.  In  his  village  are  some  forty  or 
fifty  persons.  We  were  received  very  cordially  by 
all,  but  especially  by  this  priest  or  teacher.  He 
seemed  to  receive  the  truth  gladly  from  the  very 
first.     He  said  **  true,  true,  true,"  to  every  truth 


of  the  Gospel  presented  to  him.  He  said  that 
he  had  heard  that  many  years  ago,  a  teacher  of 
the  true  religion  came  to  the  city  of  Cheungsaan, 
and  from  there  by  boat  descended  the  Great  Cam- 
bodia River.  That  ever  since  that  time  he  had 
looked  for  the  return  of  this  teacher,  and  "  Now," 
says  he,  *'I  behold  him."  He  said  that  nine 
nights  before  he  had  dreamed  that  this  foreign 
teacher  came  and  sat  on  the  hearth  stone  where 
Dr.  McGilvary  was  at  that  moment  sitting.  We 
spent  two  days  at  this  village.  At  this  point, 
just  forty  days  from  the  date  of  leaving  home, 
we  received  letters  from  Cheungmai,  asking  that 
I  return.  The  return  was  made  safely  in  less 
than  two  weeks.  Surely  the  Lord  has  set  before 
us  a  widely  opened  door  in  this  Moosur  race. 
This  tour  has  given  me  to  see  the  importance  of 
spreading  the  gospel  in  these  isolated  places,  as  I 
have  not  seen  it  before. 


CHINA. 


NAKROW  ESCAPE  FKOM  FIRE. 

Kbv.  J.  Garritt,  Ilangcho^w: — The  subject  on 
which  I  write  to-day,  is  one  which  may  well 
cause  us  all  to  turn  to  God  w^ith  thanksgiving. 
On  Tuesciay  night,  March  15  a  very  large  fire 
took  place,  starting  but  a  small  distance  from 
our  Fung-lohk'iao  compound.  In  this  compound 
stand  the  dwelling-house  erected  by  Mr.  Lyon 
some  years  ago,  and  the  '  chapel  building,  and 
also  a  street  preaching  chapel.  The  house  stands 
back  from  the  street  about  a  hundred  yards,  but 
the  west  wall  of  the  house  forms  part  of  the 
compound  wall,  fronting  on  an  alley  not  six  feet 
wide.  At  the  corner  of  the  alley  and  the  street, 
is  our  front  gate,  with  a  little  room  upstairs  for 
the  gate-keeper.  To  the  right,  or  west  of  the 
gate,  and  not  two  hundred  yards  away  the  fire 
started,  in  some  shop  in  which  night  work  is 
done.  The  fire  caught  in  some  garments  that 
hung  by  the  fire,  was  communicated  to  the 
wooden  partition,  and  in  an  incredibly  short 
time  was  raging  along  both  sides  of  the  street. 
These  houses  were  not  enclosed  in  walls,  but 
built  side  by  side,  shackly  frame  structure  such 
as  the  great  majority  of   the   Chinese   live   in. 


1892.] 


Order  and  Protection — Good  Neioa  jr(m,  the  North, 


149 


The  J  always  bum  like  tinder.  The  ^iod  was 
blowing  towards  the  west,  and  so  the  fire  tended 
away  from  our  premises,  but  the  houses  being 
built  up  close,  the  fire  came  toward  us  to  the 
east.  High  party  walls  opposite  us  finally  stay- 
ed the  flames.  These  walls  are  built  of  mud, 
and  plastered ;  and  they  usually  stop  the  progress 
of  fires.  But  as  the  fire  <!ame  up  to  the  alley  on 
our  west,  and  along  this  alley  nearly  even  to  the 
house,  our  station  was  very  dangerous.  If  the 
wind  had  carried  the  sparks  into,  instead  of  away 
from  our  compound,  our  house  would  probably 
have  caught.  We  woke  up  about  twelve  o'clock, 
our  room  as  light  as  day  from  the  flames,  and 
at  once  gathered  some  of  our  clothing  together, 
ready  for  flight  if  it  should  be  necessary.  As  the 
fire  came  nearer,  Mrs.  Garritt  went  to  Mr.  Jud- 
son's,  a  few    minutes'  walk   away.    But  while 

• 

there  still  seemed  to  be  danger,  we  felt 
reasonably  sure  by  two  o'clock  that  we  were 
safe.  One  of  our  Christians,  a  widow,  lived  in 
one  of  the  houses  without  mud  walls,  and  the 
fire  was  stopped  where  it  was  by  pushing  one 
of  the  frame  structures  over  into  the  fire,  thus 
making  an  open  space. 

The  fire  consumed  altogether  about  a  hundred 
kie/iy  or  apartments.  Each  apartment  represents 
a  family,  the  apartment  referring  only  to  the 
breadth,  and  not  to  the  depth  of  the  house.  Most 
of  these  houses  were  rented,  not  owned  by  the 
inmates.  If  then  they  had  time  to  take  their 
clothing  and  valuables  to  a  safe  place,  they  were 
not  much  the  poorer  by  the  fire.  But  as  most  of 
these  houses  are  shops  also,  they  nearly  always 
lose  their  stock  in  trade.  Often  the  only  things 
saved  by  the  poor  people  are  the  clothes  on  their 
backs.  The  fire  spreads  so  rapidly,  too,  that 
often  there  is  not  time  to  escape  from  the  house. 
It  was  said  that  no  one  was  burned  in  this  fire, 
unless  it  was  an  old  woman  who  lived  aloae, 
having  no  relatives.  No  one  had  seen  or  heard 
of  her  the  day  after  the  fire. 

I  saw,  the  day  after  the  fire,  posters  stating 
that  anyone  left  penniless  or  friendless,  could  find 
temporary  shelter  in  certain  charitable  institu- 
tions. So  one  must  feel  that  the  Chinese  are  not, 
devoid  of  charity. 


OKDBR  AND  PROTECTION. 

Perhaps  the  most  remarkable  thing  about  a 
Chinese  fire  is  the  order  that  is  preserved.  Very 
soon  after  the  alarm  is  given,  a  military  oflicial. 
with  a  squad  of  soldiers  appears,  and  keeps 
order.  There  are  also  fire  brigades,  whose  mem- 
bers are  known  by  the  lanterns  they  carry,  held 
aloft  on  a  short  pole.  These  men  line  the  streets 
on  each  side,  giving  passage  to  those  who  carry 
their  goods  to  a  place  of  safety,  and  to  the 
water-carriers,  but  stopping  any  suspicious  char- 
acters who  cannct  give  an  account  of  themselves. 
A  man  may  carry  off  chairs,  tables,  or  doors, 
or  any  such  loose  furniture,  for  doors  and  win- 
dows  are  always  loose  in  China,  but  if  a  man  is 
caught  attempting  to  steal  a  trunk  or  box,  he 
may  be  summarily  thrown  into  the  fiames. 


KOREA. 

GOOD  NEWS  FROM  THE  NORTH. 

Rev.  Samuel  A.  Moffbtt,  iSfecmZ;— Feeling  the 
necessity  of  having  some  one  look  after  the  very 
promising  work  in  the  North,  I  made  arrangements 
to  leave  Seoul  the  last  of  September. 

Taking  with  me  one  of  our  country  evangelists  we 
reached  Ping  Au  in  about  ten  days,  selling  books  on 
the  way  and  precudiing  wherever  we  stopped  for 
meals.  At  one  village  we  found  an  old  man  of  over 
sixty  who  had  gotten  hold  of  one  of  Mr.  Under- 
wood^s  tracts,  and  who  met  us  in  the  road  eagerly 
desiring  to  know  more.  We  stopped  and  had  a  good 
talk  with  him. 

In  Ping  Au  work  is  being  quietly  done  by  our  one 
member  thc-re,  but  there  is  great  reluctance  to  iden- 
tifying tbemselves  with  a  foreigner.  While  here  I 
was  delighted  to  meet  a  man  who  brought  good 
news  from  a  point  in  the  extreme  North  among  the 
mountains.  Several  years  ago  he  met  Mr.  Under- 
wood here,  and  obtained  books  from  him.  He  was 
again  here  on  a  visit  to  his  parents  and  came  to  me 
applying  for  baptism  for  himself  and  six  others 
whom>e  is  teaching  in  far  off  Sam  Syon.  Giving 
him  a  course  of  study  for  the  instruction  of  the  class 
and  after  several  talks  and  prayers  with  him,  I 
promised  him  I  would  do  all  I  could  to  have  some  one 
sent  to  his  province  to  occupy  the  Eastern  treaty  * 
port,  Gensan,  from  which  his  home  would  be  most 
easily  reached.  On  the  return  trip  we  spent  three 
days  here,  giving  instruction  to  a  few  and  enroUing 


150 


Eof/er  Listeners — Villagers  Confessing  Christ 


[Aiigust^ 


four  applicants  iSor  baptism,  the  first  evidence  that 
the  wedge  which  has  entered  here  is  being  driven 
in.  In  Au  Ju  for  the  second  time  I  was  prevented 
from  seeing  a  number  of  men  reported  to  be  study- 
ing the  Scriptures.  It  was  impossible  to  get  a  room 
free  from  the  erowd  of  curious  Koreans  and  the 
men  have  not  yet  the  courage  to  acknowledge  their 
interest  in  Christianity  before  their  fellow  citizens. 
Their  leader  will  try  to  obtain  a  private  room  for 
me  another  time  and  I  hope  we  shall  soon  see  some 
here  who  will  count  it  a  privilege  to  suffer  reproach 
for  Chriflt^s  sake. 

EAQER  LISTENERS. 

From  Ping  Au  to  Eui  Ju  we  found  many  eager 
listeners.  It  is  to  almost  all  of  them  a  strange,  new 
story  and  at  first  only  excites  curiosity  and  wonder ' 
but  the  harvest  time  will  come  along  this  road  even 
as  it  is  beginning  to  come  in  Eui  Ju. 

This  time  I  stayed  in  Eui  Ju  nearly  a  month  and 
was  busy  from  morning  till  night  meeting  all  classes 
of  people  who  came  from  every  motive  imaginable. 
Some  came  to  see  the  foreigner,  some  came  out  of 
curiosity  to  know  why  I  had  come,  others  to  inquire 
if  I  would  g^ve  them  a  living  if  they  studied  the 
Bible,  others  came  out  of  curiosity  to  see  the  man 
who  report  said  had  bought  a  house  there,  other ^ 
came  out  of  a  real  desire  to  be  Instructed  in  the 
truth.  It  was  my  privilege  to  baptize  three  men  who 
had  applied  last  spring  and  who  gave  every  evidence 
of  a  sincere  desire  to  serve  Christ,  even  if  called 
upon  to  suifer  persecution  as  some  here  have  already 
had  to  do.  As  yet  persecution  takes  the  form  of  re- 
proach from  one^s  family  or  friends,  submitting  to 
be  thought  a  *^fool^'  or  a  man  with  no  sense  of 
of  shame  or  of  respect  for  one^s  parents  if  he  refuses 
to  sacrifice  to  his  ancestors.  One  of  the  Christians 
here  who  this  spring  refused  to  sacrifice  at  his 
father^s  tomb  showed  me  a  scar  on  his  forehead 
which  he  received  from  his  aunt  who  knocked  him 
senseless  with  an  ink  stone. 

WOMEN  CONFESSING  CHRIST. 

Most  encouraging  reports  were  brought  to  me  of 
the  infiuence  of  the  gospel  among  the  women.  Many 
of  the  Christians  have  been  teaching  their  wives  and 
seven  women  were  reported  as  believers,  while 
others  have  given  up  all  sacrifice  toward  worship  of 
evil  spirits  and  devils.  One  night  in  the  presence  of 
their  husbands  I  baptized  two  women  the  first  in 
this  province  to  be  enrolled  as  believers.  One  was 
the  wife  of  Qur  evangelist  who  was  one  of  the  first 


Koreans  baptized  by   Mr.  Mclntyre  in  Monkden 
fifteen  years  ago. 

VILLAGERS  CONFESSING  CHRIST. 

We  returned  from  Eui  Ju  by  another  route  in 
order  to  reach  a  mountain  village  in  the  magistracy 
of  Kon  Syeng,  where  there  were  a  number  who  ap- 
plied for  baptism  last  spring.  Here  we  were  most 
pleasantly  surprised  to  find  that  an  old  man  and  his 
son  who  attended  the  Theological  class  last  winter, 
had  been  so  faithfully  spreading  the  gospel  news 
that  there  were  nearly  20  men  in  various  villages  de- 
sirous of  being  baptized.  I  met  a  number  of  them 
for  examination  and  found  they  had  been  diligently 
searching  the  Scriptures  and  that  the  old  man  had 
faithfully  instructed  them.  Desirous  that  they 
should  be  enlightened  on  a  few  subjects  bofore  being 
baptized,  I  advanced  some  to  the  second  class,  en- 
rolled others  for  the  first  time  and  promised  them  a 
visit  in  the  spring.  Here  also  two  women,  relations 
of  the  old  man,  were  reported  as  having  g^ven  up 
the  worship  of  evil  spirits  and  as  being  believers  in 
Christ  Jesus.  With  glad  hearts  we  pursued  the  re- 
turn journey  taking  with  us  the  old  man^s  son  fo^* 
this  winter^s  Theological  class  in  SeouL  More 
than  ever  desirious  that  we  may  send  some  one  to 
occupy  this  province  where  we  have  nearly  half  our 
enrolled  membership  and  more  applicants  for  baptism 
than  in  any  other  province,  we  returned  te  Seoul  in 
time  to  thoroughly  enjoy  Thank4giving  Day. 


AFRICA. 

IN  THE  BUSH. 

Rev.  W.  8.  Bannerman,    Talagvgai—l  have 
recently  made  a  long  hoped  for  visit  to  the  Bush 
people  back  of  the  Ogowe  River.    We  started 
out  early    one    morning,    Bible  readers,    three 
Mpougwe  boys  and  myself.     Our  path,  although 
it  scarcely  deserves  that  name,  lay  up  the  moun- 
tain for  a  good  half -hour.    The  summit  reached, 
the  journey  was  one  alternate  climbing  and  de- 
scending and  skirting  along  the  sides  of  hills  and 
crossing,   or   being  carried  across,   streams  of 
water.     I  have  seen  woods  from  the  Atlantic  to 
the  Pacific,  but  nothing  like  an  African  forest. 
For  long  distances  at  a  time  we  could  scarcely 
see  the  sky.    There  were  huge  trees  equal  to  the 
finest  of  Washington  State,  and  attached  to  them 
vines  from  one  inch  to  a  foot  in  thickness.     Add 


1892.] 


In  the  Bush. 


151 


to  this  close  underwood  brushing  your  face,  and 
the  Pangwe  path  underneath  it  all ;  then  there 
flight  be  all  the  animals  from  the  elephant  to 
the  monkey  and  boa  to  the  parrot  around  and 
above  you  as  usually  pictured  in  the  old  geogra- 
phies under  the  heading  '*  Africa,"  and  you  see 
nothing  of  them. 

After  travelling  about  three  hours  and  descend- 
ing a  steep  hill  we  heard  voices.  There  were 
five  Pangwe  women  damming  a  small  stream  to 
catch  tiny  fish.  They  did  not  leave  their  nets 
and  run ;  one  of  them  had  seen  me  before,  and 
they  had  been  expecting  me  for  a  long  time. 
They  were  shy  at  first  but  stood  by  the  path  in 
a  row  and  began  asking  and  answering  questions. 
They  were  fine  specimens  of  full  grown  dusky 
maidens.  Two  of  them  wore  native  bark  cloths 
before  and  behind,  while  the  others  were  clad  in 
Edenic  simplicity — two  had  put  on  two  or  three 
small  leaves,  one  the  fifth  was  shrouded  as  I 
think  I*ve  seen  fine  statuary  in  art  galleries. 
These  women  told  us  that  their  town  was  further 
on,  and  they  begged  us  to  remain  there  over 
night,  they  had  long  expected  us,  and  they  had 
long  wished  to  hear  the  words  of  God— they 
wouki  give  us  a  house  and  food,  they  would 
soon  be  back  with  their  fish  which  they  would 
cook  for  us.  We  passed  on  to  the  town,  were 
welcomed,  held  a  meeting,  spoke  to  them,  asked 
them  questions  and  sang  for  them.  Most  of  the 
men  and  older  women  knew  something  about 
God  and  Jesus  and  Heaven  and  Hell.  As  river- 
men  trade  with  them,  or  as  they  visit  the  river, 
they  ask  questions  about  the  "  words  of  God." 
They  hear  thfit  the  "  white  minister"  says  that 
when  a  man  dies  that  isn't  the  end  of  him ;  that 
God  hates  stealing  and  adultery,  and  lying  and 
all  wickedness  and  cruelty.  They  readily  as- 
sent to  most  of  this.  They  are  always  pleased 
to  have  us  teach  their  children  to  honor  their 
parents.  But  that  God  should  hate  lying,  is  a 
great  stumbling  block  to  them,  for  they  specially 
love  lying.  The  other  forms  of  wickedness 
they  love  also,  but  it  makes  them  much  trouble, 
and  they  like  to  hear  it  condemned,  and  they  know 


that  stealing  and  adultery  is  wicked  and  expect 
God  to  hate  them,  but  lying  is  so  ingrained  in 
their  characters  that  they  have  almost  come  to 
look  upon  it  as  a  virtue.  The  next  town  was 
small  and  people  in  their  gardens.  We  rested  only 
a  few  minutes.  It  was  very  warm  and  close, 
walking — clothing  wet  with  perspiration. 

The  third  town  was  very  large,  we  took  dinner 
there  and  held  two  meetings.  We  were  well  re- 
ceived, were  asked  many  interesting  questions 
and  many  childish  ones.  They  were  greatly 
disappointed  that  we  would  not  remain  over 
night,  saying  that  it  was  a  long  distance  to  the 
next  town.  However  they  were  partially  satisfied 
by  our  promise  to  talk  long  to  them  on  our  return 
next  day.  The  fourth  town  we  reached  at  sun- 
down ;  the  people  gave  us  a  warm  reception.  No 
white  men  had  ever  before  visited  them.  Tiiey 
were  honored  and  we  must  remain  with  them  over 
night.  They  gave  us  one  of  their  best  houses, 
a  cabin,  perhaps  five  by  eight  and  six  feet  high. 
We  had  a  most  enjoyable  evening.  From  7 
to  10  in  the  street,  moving  from  one  palaver 
house  to  another  or  sitting  with  them  about  their 
torches  in  the  street,  talkiDg,answeriDg  questions 
and  singing,  an  attentive,  anxious,  interested 
crowd,  men,  women  and  children  about  us  all  the 
time.  The  boys  stretched  themselves  on  low 
beds  above  the  fioor  and  I  had  my  hammock 
swung  above  them.  Well,  if  I  must  go,  they 
will  see  the  white  man  go  to  bed,  or  'put  to  bed. ' 
The  men  and  women,  but  especially  the  women 
crowded  about  the  door  and  occupied  the  cracks 
in  the  wall  to  watch  the  white  man  go  to  bed, 
they  were  very  much  disappointed  to  see  me 
simply  pull  off  my  boots  and  jump  into  my  ham- 
mock. However  I  had  an  audience  for  an  hour 
longer.  Wc  had  little  sleep,  the  goats  and  chick- 
ens seem  to  have  appropriated  the  adjoining 
house,  and  once  the  rats  took  possession  from 
"cellar  to  garret."  We  were  ready  to  start  home 
soon  after  day- break,  but  even  then  the  town  was 
almost  emptied.  The  people  were  off  to  their 
plantations.  On  the  return  journey  we  had  good 
meetings. 


HOME    MISSIONS. 


HOME  MISSIONARY   MEETIN(}   AT 
SALT  LAKE  CITY,  UTAIL 

The  commissioners  to  the  late  Assemblv 
who  went  over  the  Union  Pacific  to  Port- 
land spent  the  Sabbath  at  Salt  Lake  City. 
Arrangements  had  been  made  by  the  breth- 
ren on  the  ground  to  have  all  the  Protest- 
ant pulpits  supplied  by  the  ministerial 
delegates.  ''  Notwithstanding  the  fatiguo 
incident  to  the  long  journey, "  says  the 
Salt  Lake  Tribune^  '*  most  of  the  delegates 
were  up  and  stirring  at  an  early  hour  and  at 
eleven  o'clock  every  church  in  the  city 
where  a  visitor  was  to  preach  was  crowded 
to  the  doors.  "  The  city  was  flooded  with 
the  simple  truths  of  the  gospel,  tellingly  and 
eloquently  put  by  Rev.  Drs.  R.  M.  Patter- 
son, D.  R.  Frazer,  R.  S.  Green,  Alex.  Mc- 
Kelvey,  James  Roberts,  E.  T.  Lee  and  J. 
Wynne  Jones.   The   Tribune  adds: 

Long  before  eight  o'clock  in  the  evening  every 
seat  in  the  Salt  Lake  Theatre  was  filled.  The 
stiige  was  occupied  by  the  combined  choirs  of  the 
Presbyteri.in,  Congregational,  Baptist  and  Meth- 
o.list  churches  and  th(  speakers  of  the  evening.  It 
wiui  a  gnind  feast  of  religion  and  eloquence,  and  is 
bound  to  prove  of  great  and  lasting  benefit  to  the 
faithful  workers  in  the  Lord's  vineyard  in  this 
valley.  Before  the  exercises  had  fairly  begun,  Dr. 
McNiece  announced  that  an  over-flow  meeting 
wiis  being  held  at  the  same  hour  in  the  Methodist 
Church.  The  Rev.  Dr.  E.  R.  Craven  uresided 
and  explained  in  apt  terms  the  object  of  the  meet- 
ing, lie  told  the  audience  that  it  was  a  union 
meeting  of  the  evangelical  churches  of  Salt  Lake 
City  in  ctmnection  with  the  repesentatives  of 
General  Assembly.  The  Rev.  Dr.  Wm.  C.  Rob- 
€»rt8,  secretary  of  Boanl  of  Home  Missions,  prov- 
ed to  be  a  most  interesting  and  ehxiuent  speaker. 
He  also  has  thorough  knowledge  of  the  peculiar 
conditions  which  now  exist  in  Utah  and  which 


have  ex isted  here  for  years  past.  '  *  Mormonism, " 
he  said,  "is  .striking  deadly  blows  at  the  very 
foun<lations  of  scK-iety  in  these  important  partic- 
ulars, namely,  to  family,  to  church  and  the  state. 
It  deals  deadly  blows  at  the  family  by  encouraging 
polygamy ;  at  the  church,  by  placing  the  dreams 
and  vagaries  of  Joseph  Smith  cm  equality  with,  if 
not  above,  God's onides;  and  at  the  state,  by  dis- 
loyalty. When  in  the  Territory  about  eight  years 
ago,  I  rejui  in  one  of  the  newspapers  of  this  city  a 
quotation  fnmi  a  speech  made  by  a  noted  Mormon 
leader  in  which  this  passage  (K*curs:  "The  s(K)ner 
the  United  States  flag  is  mswle  to  trail  in  the  dust 
of  the  valleys  of  the  Wasat-ch  the  lK4ter  it  will  Ihj 
for  us. "  Thanks  be  to  God,  things  have  changed, 
through  the  labors  of  these  Christian  churches. 
The  family  is  more  respected,  the  church  is  more 
highly  thought  of,  and  tlie  stairs  and  stripes  are 
being  more  honored.  The  future  is  brightening 
and  go<xl  things  may  yet  be  expected  from  this 
benighted  Territory. 

The  lUw.  W.  T.  Elsing  of  New  York  followed 
in  au  address  which  was  a  vivid  word-picture 
of  the  distress,  misery  and  darkness  that  exist  in 
overcrowded  cities  like  New  York.  He  was  fol- 
lowed by  Dr.  S.  E.  Wishard,  synodicjil  missionary 
for  Utah,  who  gave  an  interesting  talk,  in  his  char- 
acteristic manner.  He  compared  the  great  gather- 
ing present  with  the  state  of  things  in  Salt  Tjake 
City  twenty  years  before.  At  that  time  ministers 
could  secure  no  place  to  preach  the  gospel,  except 
by  going  to  a  stable,  and  there  Brother  Welch 
told  the  old,  old  story  of  Jesus  and  his  love. 
To-night  the  representiitives  of  the  leading 
branches  of  the  Protest^mt  Church  speak  on 
missions,  without  let  or  hindrance,  in  the  Mor- 
mon theatre! 

Dr.  Mutchmore,  of  Philadelphia,  was  the  last 
speaker.  His  address  was  a  blending  of  wit, 
knowledge,    and   anecdote.     One   point  covered 

w}is  ' '  the  labor  pro  blem  confronting  the  Christian 
church.  " 

162 


1892.] 


The  Discouraging  Drawback — A  Touching  Scene. 


153 


THE  DISCOURAGING    DRAWBA(JK. 

The  writer  has,  at  the  urgent  solicita- 
tion of  the  Church,  returned  to  his  old 
place  in  the  Home  Board.  It  cost  him  a 
protracted  and  severe  struggle  to  reach  the 
conclusion  that  it  was  his  duty  to  leave  a 
most  honorable  and  useful  position  in  the 
educational  for  a  more  perplexing  and 
difficult  one    in  the  ecclesiastical  world. 

But  he  did  reach  it,  and  he  has  cheer- 
fully entered    upon  his    new,   old  work. 

Upon  entering  thip,  he  was  confronted 
with  the  discouraging  sight  of  a  debt 
amounting  to  $67,000.  The  contrast  be- 
tween an  institution  that  had  no  debt,  and 
a  board  struggling  under  a  heavy  one  is 
very  great.  I  have  an  instinctive  dislike 
for  debt.  May  I  not  hope  that  the  Church 
will  wipe  out  forthwith  the  Board's  pres- 
ent indebtedness,  and  let  us  have  the  op- 
portunity to  try  to  conduct  Home  Mission 
affairs  free  from  that  greatest  conceded 
impediment  to  its  progress?  Since  I  have 
responded  to  her  call,  is  it  more  than 
right  that  the  Church  should  furnish  us 
with  a  clear  path  and  a  fair  chance  at  suc- 
cess? I  care  not  whether  this  is  done 
by  special  contribution,  or  by  an 
additional  percentage  to  the  Churches' 
yearly  collections  and  individual  gifts.  I 
have  no  f ondnesis  for  special  contributions, 
because  they  do  injustice  to  the  other 
boards  and  usually  create  a  prejudice 
against  va  in  the  minds  of  contributors. 

What  I  ask,  beloved,  is  that  you  remove 
the  debt — remove  it  in  your  own  way, — 
in  any  way. 

Secretary  Roberts  sailed  on  June  28  for 
Europe,  where  he  will  spend  his  vacation 
— July  and  August. 


the  late  General  Assembly,  how  to  secure 
a  home  missionary  for  her  God -forsaken 
town.  The  brethren  addressed  went  im- 
mediately in  search  of  one  of  the  Secreta- 
ries of  the  Home  Board  who  was  on  the 
train,  but  he  could  not  be  found.  They 
personally  promised  her  to  do  all  they 
could  to  furnish  the  town  with  an  accept- 
able preacher.  Their  Orst  impulse  was  to 
pledge  their  churches  for  a  sufficient 
amount  of  money  to  support  a  missionary 
for  at  least  a  year.  All  this  they  com- 
municated to  the  Secretary,  who  was  sorry 
not  to  have  seen  himself  the  seeker  after 
truth. 

His  first  impulse  would  have  been  to 
accede  to  her  request.  But,  the  heavy 
debt  of  the  Board  that  had  prevented  for 
a  year  the  undertaking  of  new  work,  kept 
him  from  taking  any  steps  in  that  direc- 
tion. It  makt;s  one's  heart  sad  to  think 
that  that  poor  woman's  hope  is  to  be  de- 
deferred  and  that  her  excited  expectations 
are,  for  a  time,  to  be  blighted.  She  is 
doubtless  looking  camestiv  for  a  man  to 
baptize  her  baby  and  to  tell  her  neighbors 
*'the  old,  old  story  of  Jesus  and  his  love." 
She  has  probably  led  many  of  the  town's 
people  to  hope  for  religious  services  on  the 
coming  Sabbaths  and  perhaps  for  a  church 
of  their  own.  Shall  these  people  be  dis- 
appointed? Shall  they  look  for  the  water 
of  life,  and  find  that  spiritually  as  well  as 
physically,  they  must  content  themselves 
with  looking  for  some  months  or  years  to 
come,  over  a  dry  and  depressing  waste? 

That  town,  Alas!  is  not  the  only  one 
through  which  the  Commissioners  to  the 
General  Assembly  passed,  that  is  with- 
out a  church,  a  Sabbath-school,  or  a 
preacher  of  the  Gospel. 


A  TOUCHING  SCENE! 

At  one  of  the  small  stations  on  the  Utah 
Northern  Railroad,  a  plain,  but  earnest 
looking  woman,  with  a  baby  in  her  arms, 
asked  a  number  of  the  Commissioners  to 


Everett  is  the  latest  phenomenal  ''boom- 
ing "  town  in  Washington.  It  is  thirty-three 
miles  north  of  Seattle,  on  the  Great  North- 
ern Railroad.  Its  site  is  a  peninsula,  over 
a  mile  wide,  one  water  front  being  on  a 


154 


Home  Mission  Notes. 


[Avgud^ 


noble  harbor  of  Puget  Sound,  which  will 
one  day  be  a  smaller  Mediterranean — and 
the  other,  the  Suohomish  river,  with  thir- 
teen or  fourteen  feet  of  water.  Last  Sep- 
tember the  big  trees  of  the  ''forest  prime- 
val "  were  growing  there  undisturbed. 

Last  New  Y'ear'fl  Day  there  were  only  a 
few  buildings  erected.     Now,  a  mile  square 
has    been    cleared,    from    bay  to  river; 
there  is  a  population  of  twenty- five  hun- 
dred,  mostly   men;      broad  avenues  and 
streets,    one   hundred,    eighty,  and   sixty 
feet  wide,  have  been  laid  out  and  paved  or 
paving  with  two   inch  plank.     Hundreds 
of  houses,  hotels,   and   several   handsome 
public  and  business  buildings  have  been 
erected ;    hundreds  of  men  are  at  work 
grading,  draining,  paving  and  building;  a 
big  steel  nail  mill,  a  steel  barge  foundry, 
a  paper  mill,  and  other  industrial  plants, 
at  a  cost  of  several  millions,    already  are, 
or  soon   will  be,    completed  and  runnings 
a  railroad     is  to  be   built   forty  miles  to 
iron  mines   in  the  mountains  at  a  cost  of 
nearly   two    millions;      large  piers    and 
wharves  are  ready  for  ships  and  steamers; 
a  neat   Presbyterian   church   and   several 
other  churches  are  finished,  ours  having  a 
most  satisfactory  pastor  in   Rev.  Thomas 
Mac(fuire,    whose  service  at  La  Grande, 
Ore.,  andTacoma  assures  his  good  work  at 
Everett.      Eight   miles  up  the    river  at 
Suohomish  we  have  another,  and   older, 
church   under  the   faithful  care  of  Rev. 
John    W.    Dorrance.      The   whole  thing 
is  a  typical  American   phenomenon  of  the 
last  decade  of  the  nineteenth  century.     In 
this  case  it  seems  as  if  it  had  "  come  to 
stay.  "     Some  ' '  booms  "  die  ou  t  from  inan- 
ition  and  almost  all   have  inevitable  and 
natural  interims  of  slackening  and  stagna- 
tion ;      but  one  with  so  much     industrial 
stuff  and  financial  strength  can  hardly  fail 
to  have  a  future.     And  if  so,  the  Everett 
church   will   have   a  future  also.      The 
sketch  here  given  is  from  personal  inspect- 
ion. 


The  good  work  andtender  spirit  of  our 
teachers  has  an  admirable  illustration  in 
the  following  extract  from  a  recent  report : 

I  can  never  forget  the  last  day  of  school. 
The  higher  department  had  closed,  and  so 
the  little  ones  were  alone.  I  proposed  to 
them  to  march  for  a  little  time  and  sing  the 
songs  we  have  learned  together.  In  the 
midst  of  the  singing,  one  by  one  they  broke 
down  crying,  and  at  last  I  gave  up  myself. 
I  told  them  to  take  their  seats  and  soon  dis- 
missed. My  prayer  that  morning  before  them 
was  that  although  we  were  to  separate  from 
each  other  God's  kind  and  watchful  care 
would  ever  be  around  about  each  one  of  us; 
and  much  more  that  I  could  not  express. 
Surely  God  will  bless  my  feeble  efforts  to 
help  those  dear  children  of  his. 

I  have  felt  encouraged  in  many  ways  dur- 
ing the  last  quarter  from  the  fact  that  many 
with  whom  I  have  been  associated  have  told 
me  personally  that  I  had  been  a  help  to  them. 
I  have  loved  them  dearly,  because  God  loved 
them.  One  of  our  patrons  whose  children 
have  always  attended  our  school,  took  me 
with  my  baggage  to  the  station.  I  offered  to 
pay  him,  when  he  said,  **  No  indeed,  I 
couldn't  think  of  taking  a  cent,  when  you 
have  done  so  much  for  Parowan  and  for  my 
children.     Pm  sorry  I  cannot  do  more.^' 


The  Rev.  R.  H.  Hartley  writes  thus 
pleasantly  from  Riverside,  Cal. : —  "For 
three  years  this  church  has  had  the  help 
of  the  Home  Board.  At  the  beginning 
of  that  time  we  had  a  membership  of  sixty, 
now  it  is  ninety-three.  Then,  we  had  no 
property;  now,  we  have  a  church  seating 
comfortably  five  hundred  in  the  audito- 
rium and  eight  hundred  in  the  parts  all 
thrown  together,  costing,  all  told,  twenty- 
six  thousand  dollars.  Then  the  usaal 
attendance  at  Sabbath  morning  service 
was  from  ninetj  to  one  hundred ;  now,  it 
is  from  three  hundred  and  fifty  to  foar  hun- 
dred  and  fifty.  Last  year  we  gave  two  hun- 
dred and  eighty-five  dollars  to  Home 
Mission  work. 


1892.] 


Home  Missdon  Notes, 


155 


Our  gratitude  for  the  great,  helpful 
wing  of  the  Church  cannot  be  told  in 
words. 

Henceforth  we  will  need  no  help  from 
the  Board,  and  will  earnestly  try  to  return 
to  it,  within  a  few  years,  more  than  we 
have  received." 

The  writer  has  just  travelled  from  San 
Francisco  to  New  York  bv  the  **  Overland 
Flyer  "over  the  Southern  Paci6e,  Union 
Pacific,  Chicago  and  Northwestern,  and 
Pennsylvania  railroads,  three  thousand 
two  hundred  and  seventy-one  miles,  in  four 
days  and  seventeen  hours.  Thisisatthe 
rate  of  very  nearly  twenty-nine  miles 
per  hour  for  the  whole  distance,  including 
the  crawl  over  the  mountains  at  twelve  or 
fifteen  miles  an  hour,  and  the  many  stops 
from  a  minute  to  an  hour  long.  The  train 
arrived  at  Jersey    City    on    the    minute. 

One  car  went  through  from  San  Fran- 
cisco to  Chicago.  It  is  pretty  safe  to  say 
that,  distance  and  difficulty  and  speed 
included,  there  is  no  other  such  train  or 
travel  in  the  world ;  and  the  comfort  and 
convenience,  with  berth  and  dining  cars 
and  every  pleasant  appliance   imaginable, 

make    the  whole    transit  most  notable 

• 

Flying  at  forty  to  fifty  miles  per  hour 
down  the  long  easy  slope  of  five  hundred 
miles  or  so  from  Cheyenne  to  Omaha,  in 
which  space  one  descends  some  six  thou- 
sand feet,  or  about  twelve  feet  to  the  mile, 
going  almost  as  straight  as  the  crow  files, 
and  discussing,  meanwhile,  a  good  meal, 
one  cannot  help  thinking  how  many  good 
and  brave  men  have  tramped  and  fought 
and  starved  over  the  same  ground,  and 
how  differently  Marcus  Whitman,  the  pio- 
neer missionary  and  patriot,  toiled  across 
those  plains  to  carry  the  Gospel  beyond 
the  Rockies,  and  save  Oregon  to  the 
United  States.  All  this  heightened  speed, 
haste  and  tension  means  added  speed  and 


pressure  and  clamorous  call  for  home  mis- 
sions. We  must  work  hard  and  give  hard 
to  keep  up. 


A  letter  just  received  from  Utah — for 
obvious  prudential  reasons  we  withhold  the 
name  of  the  town  — has  the  following  sug- 
gestive sentences : 

"In  view  of  much  that  has  been  said 
about  the  Mormon  question  of  late,  I  be- 
lieve it  wise  to  distinguish  between  the 
question  of  the  propriety  of  statehood  and 
the  question  of  Mormon  progress  in  patrio- 
tism. 

"  There  can  be  no  doubt  that  statehood 
at  the  present  time  is  inexpedient,  un- 
necessary and   reactionary.      But,  on  the 
other  hand,  we    ought  to  recognize  the 
marvellous  change  that  is  manifested   in 
public  sentiment.     We  have   here  an  eld 
liberal  of  the  liberals,  one  who  abominates 
Mormonism  and  has  slept  with  a  gun  at  his 
side  for  thirty  five  years.     I  asked  him  the 
other  day  what  proportion  of  the  Mormon 
people  could,  in  his  opinion,  be  influenced 
by  the  church  in  opposition  to  the  National 
authority.     He  replied,    *Not  forty    per 
cent. '  I  afterwards  mentioned  this  opin- 
ion to  one  of  our  leading  liberals  who 
knows  the  Mormons  as  no  missionary  ever 
comes  to  know  them,  and  he  said,  ^It  is 
a  fair  statement.'    It  is   also   significant 
that   in   this  community   of  3,500  souls 
there  is  but  one  man  left  who  ever  had 
any  known  connection  with  the  Danites  or 
kindred    organizations.     This  is  not    so 
much  because  of  the  law,  which  is  really 
a  farce,  as  because  of  the  change  in  public 
feeling.     The    atmosphere  is  no  longer 
congenial  to  them.     The  change  may  be 
realized  when  I  say  that  the  leading  Mor- 
mons here  are  now  ready  to  help  us  to  an 
advantageous    site,    on    moral  grounds. 
They  say,  'Churches   help  to  keep  out 
the  saloons.' " 


156 


The  Board^s  t>ebt — Significant  Fads. 


[^AtLgusl, 


The  Board's  Debt. — The  announce- 
ment at  the  last  Assembly  of  a  remaining 
debt  amounting  to  $67,000  was  most  de- 
pressing. A  shadow  could  be  seen  passing 
over  the  faces  of  the  commissioners  and 
visitors.  It  so  wrought  on  the  mind  of  one 
of  the  noble  California  elders  that  he  offer- 
ed at  once  15,000  toward  its  extinction,  if 
the  rest  could  be  raised  within  ninety  days. 

The  Chicago  delegates  pledged  the 
churches  of  their  Presbytery  for  12,500, 
on  the  same  condition.  At  the  popular 
meeting,  in  the  evening,  a  husband  and 
wife,  friends  of  the  cause  from  Cortlandt, 
New  York,  subscribed  1600,  and  *'a  lover 
of  his  country  "  added  on  the  same  condi- 
tion $250.  Shall  these  generous  offers 
prove  unavailing  to  the  Board?  May  we 
not  find  a  sufficient  number  of  friends  to 
cancel  the  remaining  $58,750?  This 
must  be  done  by  September  1st,  if  we  are 
to  secure  the  subscribed  $8,250.  The  sum 
is  not  alarming,  if  we  can  only  convince 
the  friends  of  Home  Missions  of  the  untold 
importance  of  paying  it  at  once. 


Nine  years  ago  Rev.  J.  H.  Potter  went  to 
South  Florida  utterly  broken  down  in 
health.  His  physician  had  told  him  he  could 
do  nothing  more  for  him.  He  met  Dr. 
Kendall  at  Jacksonville,  Ela.,  who  told 
him  to  go  and  select  a  field  and  the  Board 
would  support  him.  He  went  to  Eustis 
and  began  there  with  not  so  much  as  one 
human  being  to  count  on  or  consult  with. 
There  was  not  a  church  then  in  our 
connection  in  all  South  Florida  and  there 
were  few  in  the  Presbytery  of  East  Florida. 

We  now  have  over  forty  churches  in 
Florida  and  an  entirely  new  presbytery  of 
South  Florida  where  we  had  not  one 
church  then. 

Three  new  churches  are  being  built. 
Our  young  people's  societies  afford  us 
ground  of  great  encouragement.  Some 
three  of  our  churches  have  had  blessed  in- 
gatherings last  winter,  many  coming  in 


from  our  Sabbath-schools.  I  know  one  of  our 
churches  has  four  or  five  young  men  and 
boys  studying  with  the  ministry  in  view. 
In  Eustis  we  have  an  Academy  doing  a 
grand  good  work  in  this  direction. 

No  saloon  can  exist  in  our  town  and 
there  is  no  place  where  we  even  saspect 
that  liquor  is  sold  in  town.  Quietly,  stead- 
ily continuously  the  gorminative  influence 
of  righteousness  is  being  exerted. 


SIGNIFICANT  FACTS. 

FROM  RBV.  T.  M.  GUNN. 

Over  four  hundred  miles  of  new  railroad 
will  be  completed  in  the  Synod  of  Wash- 
ington by  January  1,  1893,  and  not  one 
new  missionary  has  yet  been  placed  on  it. 
Two  places,  of  vital  importance,  have  been 
undertaken.  Shall  they  be  maintained  or 
shall  they  be  ignobly  forsaken  ? 


A  strong  agricultural  field  in  east  Wash- 
ington, where  the  Presbyterians  had  spent 
seven  years'  labor,  has  been  taken  posses- 
sion of  by  the  United  Brethren  and  Meth- 
odist churches.  Why  ?  Because  the  field 
expanded  so  as  to  demand  additional 
laborers,  and  thus  became  new  work. 


Wide  reaches  of  the  finest  agricultural 
country  in  the  world  are  now  awaiting 
occupancy  by  the  Presbyterian  Church  in 
northern  Idaho.  The  pioneer  has  taken 
up  his  land,  made  his  improvements, 
raised  his  harvest,  has  orchards  in  full 
fruitage,  and  perhaps  children  half -grown 
who  have  never  heard  a  sermon  or  been  in 
a  Sabbath-school.  Is  not  that  a  Macedo- 
nian cry  to  the  Presbyterian  Church  ? 


Our  needs?  Two  home  missionaries 
in  the  Presbytery  of  Spokane;  three  in 
the  Presbytery  of  Walla  Walla;  three  for 
Presbytery  of  Olympia,  and  eight  for  the 


1892.] 


Jdmporia  College. 


157 


Presbytery  of  Paget  Sound.  The  majority 
of  these  should  be  sent  out  at  the  expense 
of  the  Board  with  support  guaranteed, 
that  they  may  go  untrammelled,  reporting 
what  they  find  and  what  they  receive  from 
the  field.  Twenty  such  fields  could  be 
profitably  occupied  in  west  Washington. 


Emporia  College. — Rev.  Samuel  Ward 
writes:  The  Ministers  of  Emporia,  and 
other  Kansas  Presbyteries,  are  exerting 
themselves  in  behalf  of  the  College. 

We  are  deeply  concerned  for  the  contin- 
ued life  and  usefulness  of  the  institution ; 
Dr.  Kirkwood  in  presenting  its  claims 
has  said,  '^  The  college  is  now  worth  more 
than  any  three  of  the  largest  churches  in 
Kansas,  and,  if  properly,  cared  for,  in 
twenty  years  will  be  worth  to  Presbyterian- 
ism  as  much  as  any  fifty  of  our  best 
churches. 


The  year  closed  very  favorably  for  Park 
College,  and  its  future  appears  invested 
with  larger  promise  of  success  than  at  any 
previous  commencement.  So  writes  one 
of  its  trustees,  an  intelligent  layman  of 
Kansas  City,  Mr.  J.  W.  Byers.  Nothing 
bodes  better  for  Home  Missions  than  the 
prosperity  of  such  colleges. 

We  are  often  asked  if  polygamy  in  Utah 
is  not  dead,  and  Mormonism  itself  so 
nearly  dead,  and  Utah  so  thoroughly 
Americanized  as  to  relieve  us  of  the  necess- 


ity of  supporting  mission  work  longer  in 
that  territory.  The  following  extract 
from  a  sermon  recently  delivered  by  a 
Mormon  elder  in  one  of  the  Utah  villages 
is  a  sufficient  answer.  A  little  reflection 
will  make  it  plain  that  in  order  to  obey 
the  elder's  admonition  many  of  the  girls 
would  have  to  go  into  polygamy.  The 
elder's  argument  is  one  of  the  stock  argu- 
ments for  polygamy : 

^^  For  the  husband  is  the  head  of  the 
wife."  He  commented  on  these  words  as 
follows:  **  See?  The  husband  is  the  head 
of  the  wife.  Therefore  the  woman  who 
has  no  husband  has  no  head.  Imagine 
the  women  of  this  town  running  around 
without  any  heads!  What  an  awful  cal- 
amity that  would  be.  Yet  that  is  the  way 
it  will  be  in  the  next  world.  Every 
woman  who  lives  in  this  wor]d  and  dies 
without  being  married,  so  as  to  have  a 
husband  to  call  her  up  on  the  resurrection 
day,  will  have  no  head  in  the  next  world. 
Let  all  the  sisters  take  warning,  and  see 
that  they  are  prepared  to  avoid  this  awful 
calamity.  Eemember  that  this  is  the 
word  of  God.  It  is  not  the  word  of  man. 
Whether  the  truth  is  what  we  would  like 
to  have  it  to  be  or  not,  it  does  not  matter. 
In  dealing  with  questions  of  such  great 
importance,  it  does  not  make  any  difference 
what  we  would  like ;  but  it  is  all  important 
to  know  the  facts ;  and  the  fact  in  this 
case  is,  God's  Word  plainly  teaches  woman 
can  not  be  exalted  in  the  world  to  come 
unless  she  is  married  in  this  world." 


158 


The  Momums. 


[Augud, 


Concert  of  QprAjer 
iot  C^utc^  ^oti  At  l^otne 


JANUARY,    . 
FEBRUARY, 
MARCH, 
APRIL,      . 
MAY,    . 
JUNE,        . 
JULY,  . 
AUGUST, 
SEPTEMBER, 
OCTOBER, 
NOVEMBER, 
DECEMBER, 


The  evmncelixatton  of  the  grtt  West. 

The  IndUne  of  the  United  States. 

Home  Missions  in  the  older  States. 

City  Evangelisation. 

Our  Foreign  Population. 

.    Our  Missionaries. 

Results  of  the  Year's  Work. 

The  Mormons. 

The  Outlook. 

The  treasury  of  the  Board. 

The  Mexicans. 

The  South. 


THE  MOKMOJS'S. 

On   the  way  to    Portland    the   writer 
stopped  over  a  day  at  8alt   Lake  City. 
Nearly  four  years  had  elapsed  since  his 
last  visit,  and  thus  there  was  a  specially 
good  chance  to  note  and  measure  change 
and    improvement    and    growth.      Some 
gains  were  visible  at  once — the  very  large 
increase  of  the  city's  area,  the  splendid 
new  Knutsford  Hotel,  the  handsome  new 
stone  building  in  which  the  courts  are  to 
have  much  improved  quarters,  the  large 
increase  of  paved  streets,  and  the  general 
evidence  of  thrift  and  stir.     Then  an 
examination  revealed  new  and  still  more 
solid  proofs  of  advance.     In  the  four  years 
past,  the  city's  population  has  probably 
increased  one-fourth,  although  we  cannot 
find  the  exact  figure  claimed  for  it  four 
years    ago.     A    population    of    fifty-two 
thousand  is  claimed  today.     There  is  no 
doubt   a   rapid  increase   still   going   on, 
and  will  continue.     There  has  not  been 
much  movement  for  two  years,  but  greater 
stir  is  now  manifest.     Salt  Lake  City  is 
now   a    Gentile    city.     Americans    hold 
municipal  offices^  control  the  schools,  and 
have  the  upper  hand  generally.     All  this 
greatly  increases  the  attraction  to  new- 
comers, who  find  now  a  bright  and  home- 
like American  city,  instead  of  a  commu- 
nity shadowed  and  blighted  by  Mormon- 
ism.    The  new  status  of  the  public  school 


system  in  one  sense  narrows  the  range  of 
our  Collegiate  Institute,  which  has  been, 
from  the  first,  the  leading  school  in  Utah, 
but  it  leaves  it  still  the  best  academy  for 
higher  school  training,  and  the  opening 
prospect  of  a  Presbyterian  college  on  a 
separate  foundation  in    the  near  future 
puts  the  Collegiate  Institute  in  the  well- 
defined  and  indispensable  function  of  a 
Ligh-grade  preparatory  school.     This  re- 
news and  intensifies  the  demand  for  its 
larger  equipment  with  all  needed  appli- 
ances,   especially    a    new    building,    for 
which  it  has  been  waiting  for  years,  in- 
cluding dormitory  room  to  accommodate 
students  from  other  parts  of  the  Territory, 
in  addition  to  the  city  pupils,  which  it  can 
accommodate  already.     There  is  a  great 
desire  to   have  this  building  finished  in 
order  to  the  full  opening  of  the  school  in 
September    next.      The    foundation   has 
already  been  erected  at  a  cost  of  $3,000. 
We  need  $16,000  to  complete  the  build- 
ing.    It  would  be   a  noble  and   timely 
benefaction   if  some    rich   and  generous 
Presbyterian  would  at  once  complete  this 
building,  and,  if  he  chooses,  put  his  name 
upon  it.     With  the  most  efficient  corps 
of  teachers  and  trustees   which  the  Insti- 
tute now  has,  nothing  could  check  its 
effective  and  successful   career,   and  no 
school  in  Utah  could  probably  rival  it. 
We  do  most  earnestly  hope  that  this  may 
appeal  to  some  friend  of  Christian  edu- 
cation in  the  West,  and  move  him  to  carry 
out  this  attractive  enterprise. 

We  had  a  half-hour's  pleasant  talk  with 
President  Woodruff  and  Presidents  Smith 
and  Cannon,  in  the  headquarters  of  Dese- 
ret,  as  the  Mormons  call  their  Territory. 
They  were  very  courteous  and  pleasant  in 
what  they  said  about  the  recent  visit  of 
the  delegates  to  the  General  Assembly,  to 
whom  they  extended  all  possible  courtesies. 
They  are  keen,  bright  men, — President 
Woodruff  not  seeming  to  feel  in  the  least 
the  weight  of  his  eighty-four  years. 


1892.] 


North  Dakota — Sabbath-schools. 


159 


Westminster  Church,  formerly  Camp 
Mission,  holds  on  its  way  under  the  faith- 
ful care  of  the  Rev.  F.  L.  Arnold,  and  two 
new  points  have  been  recently  occupied  in 
other  parts  of  the  city,  completing  a  quad- 
rilateral of  great  importance  and  promise. 
In  one  of  these  last  the  Rev.  Josiah  Mc- 
Clain  has  already  taken  hold,  than  whom 
our  Church  has  never  had  a  better  man  in 
Utah.  lie  was  last  at  Nephi,  and  form- 
erly at  Ogden. 

The  whole  impression  gained  from  our 
visit  was  to  the  effect  that  the  wealth  and 
resources  of  Utah  have  hardly  begun  to  be 
developed,  that  Salt  Lake  City  is  to  be  one 
of  the  notable  points  in  our  country,  and 
that  our  work  there  and  throughout  the 
Territory  is  of  the  utmost  importance, 
and  will  repay  any  amount  of  pressure  and 
expenditure.  The  faster  we  push  our  mis- 
sionary and  educational  work  the  sooner 
will  Utah  be  prepared  for  safe  and  whole- 
some statehood,  and  to  take  its  place  in 
the  Union  as  one  of  the  richest  and  noblest 
of  the  sisterhood.  W.  I. 


tLtiitXB. 


NORTH  DAKOTA. 

Rev.  John  M  ard y  : —Toward s  the  close  of  1 891 , 
I  was  urged  by  Mr.  Woods,  our  Synodical  mis- 
sionary, and  others  to  start  a  service  at  Canton,  a 
station  of  the  Great  Northern,  six  miles  north 
of  Crystal.  At  that  time  the  West  Park  people 
would  not  consent  to  have  their  service  removed 
and  as  I  did  not  feel  at  liberty  to  interfere  with 
the  arrangements  already  made,  I  could  reach 
Canton  only  by  starting  a  fourth  service  which 
I  undertook  about  the  beginning  of  the  year, 
and  have  since  continued  up  to  the  present  time, 
preaching  at  Hoople  at  11  A.  M.,  Crystal  at  2  P. 
M.,  Lane's  School -house  at  4.30  P.  M.  and  Can- 
ton 7.30  P.  M.  Since  that  time,  the  West  Park 
people  have  consented  to  worship  at  Canton  and 
all  with  one  exception  have  asked  letters  of  dis- 


mission from  West  Park,  and  united  with  the 
congregation  organized  at  Canton,  on  the  fourth 
day  of  March.  There  is  the  nucleus  of  a 
village  there,  containing  two  elevators,  four 
stores,  a  blacksmith's  shop,  post-office,  etc.  We 
have  subscriptions  amounting  to  nearly  $800  to 
erect  a  church  and  the  work  will  begin  immedi- 
ately. Besides  the  Sabbatli  service  I  have  organ- 
ized three  weekly  prayer  meetings  which  have 
been  regularly  conducted  by  myself  during  the 
last  quarter,  besides  an  occasional  meeting  in  a 
distant  part  of  the  field.  The  prayer  meetings 
all  go  from  house  to  house  and  are  very  well  at- 
tended. The  sacrament  of  the  Lord's  supper 
was  dispensed  in  Hoople,  when  there  was  added 
to  our  roll  two  by  profession  of  faith  and  four 
by  certificate.  The  weather  was  exceedingly 
severe  and  the  attendance  very  poor.  The  com- 
munion was  dispensed  at  Crystal  also,  when 
four  were  added  by  certificate.  The  severe 
weather  spoiled  our  attendance  here  also.  When 
Canton  was  organized  two  were  added  by  pro- 
fession and  one  has  since  come  in  by  certificate, 
but  the  communion  has  not  been  dispensed  in 
this  field  since  I  came. 

The  very  large  area  of  country  covered  by  the 
field  makes  pastorial  visiting  very  difficult,  and 
discouraging,  as  the  pastor  may  travel  12  or  15 
miles  to  see  a  family  who  are  absent  from  home 
when  he  gets  there.  On  this  account  I  consider 
it  better  to  organize  prayer -meetings  which  go 
from  house  to  house  and  visit  as  far  as  possible 
by  a  definite  appointment  when  neighbors  are 
invited  in  to  take  part  in  the  service. 

SABBATH  SCHOOLS. 

I  regret  very  much  that  on  account  of  circum- 
stances over  which  we  have  no  control,  it  is 
almost  impossible  to  have  a  Sabbath-school.  At 
Hoople  where  we  have  a  church  nearly  all  our 
people  live  so  far  away  that  we  could  not  get 
them  to  come  out  for  a  school.  At  Crystal  and 
Canton  we  have  no  building.  We  have  the  use 
of  the  Baptist  Church  in  Crystal,  but  only  for 
service.  In  Canton  the  service  is  held  in  a 
dwelling  house  and  we  hardly  feel  like  asking 
'he  use  of  it  for  a  school  also. 


160 


Utah. 


[Augud^ 


The  attendance  at  Sabbath  service  improves  as 
the  weather  grows  mild. 

Our  attendance  in  Crystal,  the  best  village,  has 
very  greatly  improved,  and  we  are  expecting  the 
country  people  to  turn  out  as  the  good  weather 
returns.  We  are  now  agitating  for  the  building 
of  a  Manse  at  Crystal,  but  nothing  definite  has 
been  done.  The  field  on  the  whole  is  in  a  very 
prosperous  condition. 

One  thing  which  is  very  greatly  needed  all 
over  this  large  field  is  a  lending  library,  by 
means  of  which  we  may  do  something  to  direct 
the  reading  of  our  people.  There  is  a  dearth  of 
books,  and  every  now  and  then  some  agent  comes 
tramping  through  the  country,  leaving  behind 
him  an  amount  of  heresy  in  the  form  of  heretical 
books  and  tracts,  which  will  take  an  enormous 
amount  of  work  to  counteract. 


UTAH. 

Rkv.  E.  N.  Murphy,  Mt.  Pleasant :— I  enclose 
to  you  my  quarterly  report  one  month  before  the 
quarter  ends.     My  family  and  I  left  Mt.  Pleasant, 
Utah,  our  former  field,  May  12th,  and  arrived  at 
this  point  yesterday,  where  we  begin  a  new  work. 
The  14th  of  June,  it  will  be  eight  years  since  we 
l)egan  work  in  Mt.  Pleasant,  where  we  have  been 
laboring  during  the  years  that  have  intervened. 
During  that  period  we  have  received  from  the 
people  of  Mt.  Pleasant,  for  church    and  school 
work,  $3,700.     One  hundred    and  twenty-three 
members  have  been  received  into  the  church,   22 
by  letter,  and  101  by  profession  of  their  faitli  in 
Christ.     The    work    in    Mt.    Pleasant  has  been 
purely  missionary  work,  and  hence  nearly  all  that 
have  been  received  have  at  one  time  been   Mor- 
mons.    During  these  years  about  sixty-five  girls 
have  been  in  training  in  the  Girls*  Home,   many 
of  whom  are    now  useful  women,   serving    the 
Master  in  different  spheres  in    life.     During   this 
time  the  Girls'  Home  has  been  enlarged  through 
tlie    generosity  of  the  ladies  in  our  church    at 
Titusville,  Pa.  ,  and  a  handsome,  new  Academy 
has  been  erected  by  the  generous  gifts  of  the  la- 
dies of  the  Synod  of  New  York,  together  with  a 
gift  of  $1,500,  given  by  the  people  of  Mt.  Pleas- 
ant, who  gave  as  they  were  able. 


During  the  past  quarter  three  members  have 
.been  received  into  the  church.  We  leave  the 
church  in  a  prosperous  condition,  and  believe 
that  our  successor  will  find  it  to  be  a  grand  field 
for  labor.  The  Academy  has  enrolled  150  students 
this  year,  and  under  the  management  and  care  of 
Prof.  I  N.  Smith  and  his  excellent  assistants, 
Misses  Miller  and  Buchanan,  its  prosperity  is 
assured.  Mt.  Pleasant  is  the  field  where  the 
Rev.  Dr.  McMillan,  now  an  honored  Secretary 
of  the  Home  Mission  Board,  began  his  work  in 
Utah.  We  take  it  that  this  is  the  place  where 
he  not  only  laid  broad  and  deep  foundations  for 
future  work  in  Mt.  Pleasant,  but  also  where  he 
planned  and  prayed  for  a  similar  work  in  every 
other  part  of  Utah. 


Rev.  Chab.  M.  SHBPnEiiD,  Springmlle: — This 
will  be  my  report  for  the  quarter  ending  to-day. 
All  work  has  gone  on  without  interruption. 

The  average  attendance  for  the  quarter  has 
been  45.  The  average  of  the  morning  service 
has  been  48 ;  yet  one  year  ago  a  morning  service 
was  considered  almost  out  of  the  question.  A 
gratifying  feature  is  the  large  proportion  of  chil- 
dren. The  attendance  during  the  Week  of 
Prayer  was  the  largest  ever  known  here.  Our 
prayer-meeting  will  average  25.  The  Sunday- 
school  is  larger  than  at  any  time  since  I  came 
here.  Our  reports  this  year  will  show  40  per 
cent,  more  money  raised  on  the  field  than  last 
year.  The  truth  has  been  heard  with  good  at- 
tention, and  some  have  been  thoughtful.  Un- 
doubtedly the  field  needs  evangelistic  work ;  but 
we  have  been  unable  to  arrange  for  that.  We 
now  plan  to  begin  it  next  fall,  in  connection 
with  several  other  neighboring  fields.  The  pop- 
ulation is  growing.  The  following  improve- 
ments are  now  regarded  as  certain :  an  ore  sam- 
pler, a  creamery,  a  fruit  cannery,  a  large  hotel, 
a  railway  station  and  eating  house,  four  large 
business  blocks,  five  or  six  smaller  ones,  and  a 
large  number  of  dwellings.  A  smelter  is  planned. 

But  Mormonism  is  a  long  way  from  dead 
yet.  Yesterday  our  leading  citizen  was  taken 
to  Salt  Lake  on  a  polygamy  warrant,  and  there 
are  many  hidden  cases  for  every  one  exposed. 


1892.] 


Nevada — M(yniana — New  Mexico. 


161 


This  is  a  fine  commentary  on  the  Statehood 
business  and  the  amnesty  petition.  The  man 
above  mentioned  has  served  one  term  in  the 
penitentiary;  has  been  convicted  of  a  second 
offence,  but  released  upon  his  oath  to  obey  the 
law,  and  now  this  third  trial,  with  a  moral  cer- 
tainty of  conviction,  is  the  sequel. 


NEVADA. 

Rev.  C.  a.  Porter:— I  have  known  Christians 
often  to  go  anywhere  from  ^ye  to  thirty  miles 
for  a  dance  in  the  worst  of  weather  and  spend 
their  money  at  it  but  who  could  not  go  2  miles 
to  church  or  8.  S  ,  nor  give  one  cent  toward  any 
Christian  cause.  I  have  known  a  Sy nodical 
Missionary  to  work  6  days  and  nights  and  bo 
paid  $6  for  it,  and  in  the  same  school-house  2 
' '  fiddlers  "  got  %  25  for  one  night's  work.  Among 
dancers,  whether  Christian  or  not,  the  church, 
the  prayer-meeting,  the  S.  8.  ,  are  things  of  very 
little  importance  and  of  no  importance  at  all 
as  ompared  with  a  dance.  It  is  a  fact,  too, 
which  I  think  few  who  have  taken  notice  will 
deny  that  God's  Spirit  withdraws  from  a  danc- 
ing Christian  and  the  warmest  Christian  by  it 
soon  gets  cold,  careless,  thoughtless  and  ready 
to  fall  into  all  kinds  of  sin.  I  have  seen  the  se- 
riousness of  a  revival  work  simply  obliterated 
from  the  minds  of  young  seekers  by  one  or  two 
dances  In  short  I  think  it  the  worst  evil  we 
in  the  west  have  to  contend  with  and  after  years 
of  watching  I  am  compelled  to  say  that  it  has  a 
worse  influence  than  the  saloon  or  the  lottery  or 
the  prize  fight,  and  if  I  had  my  choice  I  should 
much  prefer  any  or  all  these  to  the  dance,  as 
being  less  conducive  to  wickedness,  and  less  resist- 
ing to  the  Qospel.  I  write  this  weighing  my 
words.  

MONTANA. 

Rev.  Geo.  Edwards,  Lewistoton : — I  am  about 
to  put  Dan  and  True  Boy  to  the  buggy  to  drive 
to  Phllbrook,  but  will  first  report  on  my  field  of 
labor  so  that  it  will  reach  you  by  the  25th  inst., 
according  to  postal  received  last  evening. 

The  enrollment  in  Sunday-school,  this  quarter 
has  been  over  100,  with  an  average  of  nearly  70. 


We  have  added  70  volumes  to  our^Sunday-school 
library,  and  a  week  from  next  Sabbath  I  will 
distribute  two  or  three  dozen  minion,  gilt  edge, 
leather-bound  bibles  and  as  many  testaments,  as 
a  reward  for  regular  attendance,  according  to  an 
offer  made  three  months  ago.  There  are  no 
Bibles  for  sale  in  this  part  of  the  world,  and  so  I 
have  taken  this  means  to  partially  supply  the 
need,  and  at  the  same  time  create  an  interest  in 
Sunday-school  work  and  attendance. 

There  is  an  increased  attendance  at  prayer 
meeting,  several  times  as  high  as  twenty  or 
thirty. 

Three  heads  of  families  have  been  received 
into  church  membership  by  profession,  two  re- 
ceiving the  rite  of  baptism. 

I  do  not  anticipate  any  difficulty  in  erecting 
a  chapel  on  our  church  lot,  during  the  coming 
season. 

The  winter  has  been  so  mild  that  I  have  had 
no  difficulty  in  keeping  my  appointments. 

Next  month  I  hope  to  make  the  trip  to  Helena, 
to  attend  the  meetings  of  Presbytery  and  Synod. 


NEW  MEXICO. 

Rev.  Jas.  A.  Menaul,  Sup't: — I  have 
just  been  in  attendance  on  the  meetings  of 
the  Presbytery  of  the  Rio  Grande.  In  many 
respects  it  was  the  most  encouraging  meeting 
tliat  we  have  had  since  the  organization  of  the 
Presbytery. 

I  would  like  to  give  the  Board  some  account  of 
church  work  and  school  work  during  the  past 
winter,  but  work  on  the  field  is  demanding  my 
presence;  then  the  meetings  of  the  Arizona 
Presbytery  at  Phoenix,  and  that  of  Santa  Fe  at 
liuton,  demand  my  presence.  So  it  is  not  in  my 
power  to  prepare  such  a  report  of  my  work  as  I 
would  like,  and  attend  to  my  work  on  the  field. 

The  following  buildings  have  been  attended  to 
during  the  past  quarter : 

At  Las  Vegas,  three  rooms  have  been  built, 
and  a  system  of  sewerage  put  in ;  at  Pajarito, 
school  room  and  teacher's  room  have  been  plas- 
tered; at  Pen  a  Blanca,  a  board  fioor  has  been 
put  in  school  room  and  teacher's  room ;  at  Cor- 
rales,  a  new  roof  has  been  put  on  three  rooms 


162 


Kansas — Michigan. 


[Augusty 


and  a  hall,  the  building  occupied  by  the  teacher ; 
at  Seama  of  Laguna,  a  new  roof  has  been  put  on 
school  room,  and  three  rooms  occupied  by  the 
teachers. 

The  following  buildings  are  in  course  of 
erection ;  La  Luz,  chapel  and  school ;  Los  Yalles, 
chapel  and  school ;  Aroyo  Seco,  school ;  painting 
the  inside  of  the  Raton  school;  sewerage  at 
Santa  Fe.  I  go  to  Santa  Fe  to  night,  ex  peeling 
to  find  the  sewer  finished,  and  in  addition  to 
these,  trips  have  been  made  to  Zuni,  Einbudo, 
Taos,  and  many  other  places,  to  plan  for  other 
work  that  is  about  to  be  done. 

In  addition  to  this  work,  I  have  preached  eight- 
een sermons  during  the  quarter,  besides  ad- 
dresses delivered  in  the  schools  I  have  visited. 

I  have  traveled  in  my  work  during  the  quar- 
ter, 6,449  miles. 


KANSAS. 

Rev.  J.  D.  IIkwitt,  D.D.  :— Wc  have  just 
closed  a  very  successful  meeting  of  our  Presby- 
tery. In  relation  to  the  work  of  Home  Missions, 
Presbytery  has  resolved  unanimously  and  enthu- 
siastically upon  tlie  following  things: 

1st.  We  will  ask  $500 less  from  the  Board  than 
last  year. 

2d.  Wc  will  send  $1000  more  to  the  treasury  of 
the  Board  than  we  did  last  year. 

3d.  We  will  continue  from  year  to  3' cur  to  do- 
crease  our  demands  and  increase  our  contribu- 
tions until  we  send  as  much  as  wc  ask 

4th.  This  is  to  lie  done  in  ten  years  or  less 

The  Committee  of  Home  Missions  were  in  ses- 
sion for  two  days  and  two  niglits,  doing  nothing 
else  than  hearing  applications,  urging  churches 
to  increase  their  subscriptions  and  ministers  to 
agree  to  take  as  little  salary  as  possible.  We  i)ut 
a  numlier  of  churches  under  the  care  of  neigli- 
boring  ministers,  with  no  demand  upon  the  Board 
to  help  in  the  salary.  Our  demands  will  be  more 
than  $500  less  than  last  year. 

We  have  adjusted  these  matters  according  to 
our  best  ability.  In  view  of  what  ^e  have  done 
and  what  we  propose  to  do,  we  ask  you  to  let 
our  "budget"  go  through  with  as  little  altera- 
tion as  possible. 


I  send  you  a  copy  of  our  estimates  as  they 
l)as8ed  Presbytery.  Our  ol)jcct  is  to  care  for 
these  churches  at  the  lowest  possible  expense, 
and  in  such  a  way  as  to  keep  them  alive  and 
growing. 

We  thought  very  seriously  of  asking  the  Board 
to  commission  a  man  for  a  number  of  these  little 
fields,  say  eight  of  tlie  most  hopeful  of  them. 
I^t  the  others  be  cared  for  by  neighboring  pastors, 
and  thus  cover  our  whole  field.  Let  us  know 
what  you  think  of  this  last  idea ! 


MICHIGAN 

Rev.  R.  L.  Williams: — I  herewith  send  you 
my  report  for  the  quarter  ending  April  1st. 

The  month  of  January  was  a  trying  one  for 
])astor  and  people.  Usually  the  weather  is  very 
cold  in  these  lake  towns  of  Northern  Michigan 
at  this  season  of  the  year.  But  January  was 
mild,  but  dark,  damp  and  dismal.  Many  per- 
sons were  attacked  with  la  grippe,  and  many 
funerals,  as  high  as  four  in  one  week  and  two  on 
one  Sabbath,  I  attended.  I  was  kept  very  busy  vis- 
iting the  sick  and  sorrowing,  and  burying  the 
dead,  till  I  was  attacked  with  the  same  disease 
and  was  absent  two  Sabbaths  from  my  pulpit, 
but  I  supplied  it  by  proxy,  and  was  soon  restored 
to  health  and  labor. 

The  spirit  of  worldlincss  has  been  humbled  by 
the  fire  which  burned  our  buildings  and  impres- 
sed us  with  the  instability  of  material  things. 
Wc  need  this  kind  of  discipline,  Tammany  may 
be  wicked,  but  the  wickedness  of  our  City  ac- 
cording to  means  and  opportunities  is  just  as 
wicked,  and  is  more  feebly  restrained  by  law 
and  public  sentiment.  But  we  have  good  people 
and  many  in  our  Aux  Sable  and  Oscoda — our  little 
Sodom  and  Gomorrah.  That  is  the  reason  we 
are  not  entirly  burnt  up.  The  "  oldest  inhabi- 
tant" says  we  are  a  "Canaan"  compared  with 
the  "wilderness"  of  20  years  ago.  Certain  it 
is  that  the  discipline  of  financial  depression  is  a 
blessing.  There  is  now  a  disposition  to  think  of 
the  spiritual  and  the  eternal.  Very  encouraging 
has  been  the  pastoral  work  of  the  last  two  months. 
I  have  found  a  ready  response  to  religious  talk 
in  their    homes,    and   12  or  15  will  probably 


1892.] 


Home  Mission  Appointments, 


163 


unite  with  our  church  at  our  next  Communion. 
Many  of  them  will  come  from  the  circle  of 
Sunday  school  teachers—the  intelligent  and 
cultured.  It  is  very  encouraging  to  see  this 
breaking  up  of  the  wintry  ground  of  moral  in- 
di£Ference  by  the  warm,  shining  ''sun  of  right- 
eousness." 

I  have  only  to  say,  finally,  that  I  hope  to  do 
more  and  better  work  now,  as  the  conditions  im- 
prove. 

HOME  MISSION  APPOINTMENTS. 


N.  H. 

Mass. 
li 


J.  M.  Davies,  Manchester,  Westminster, 

M.  D.  Kneeland,  D.  D.,  Boxbury, 

W.  Filling,  Fall  River,  Globe. 

J.  M.  Craig.  Newport,  R.  I. 

F.  A.  M.  Brown,  D.  D.,  New  Haven,  1st,  Conn. 

S.  Ordway,  Siarathon,  N.  Y. 

F.  W.  Cutler,  Woodhaven  1st, 

A.  B.  Prichard,  Arlington  ave.,  of  Brooklyn, 

J.  A.  Billingsley,  Bethany  of  Brooklyn, 

C.  H.  Schwarzback,  6th  Crennan,  of  Brooklyn, 
W.  H.  Chapman,  Franklin  st.,  of  Elmlra, 
J.  E.  Tinker,  Bockstream, 
H.  B.  Sayre,  Branchport, 

D.  L.  McQuarrie,  Orleans, 

F.  E.  Taylor,  CentreviUe, 
J.  Todd,  Bellmore, 
P.  McHeniy.  Christian  Hook, 

D.  Mackintosh,  Shavertown, 
J.  A.  Miller,  Ph.  D.,  Angelica, 
J.  O.  Snyder,  Belmont, 

A.  R.  Pennell,  Hastings  and  Parish, 

G.  F.  Danforth,  Constant ia  and  West  Monroe, 
L.  O.  Rotenbach;  Bay  Road,  East  Lake  George  and 

station, 

B.  B.  Knapp,  Argyle, 

F.  L.  Benedict,  Warrensburg,  *' 
S.  Nelson,  North  Gage  and  South  Trenton, 
M.  H.  Gardner,  Martinsburgh  and  Glendale, 
J.  W.  Campbell,  Toughkenanion  and  Unionville,  Pa. 

G.  Chappell,  Kylertown  and  Winbum,  " 
R.  M.  Wallace,  D.  D.,  Little  Valley, 

N.  Webb,  Mechanicsburg,  " 

J.  O.  Best,  Brooklyn  and  station,  " 

O.  Hemstreet,  Presbyterial  Missionary,  Md. 

J.  Fraser,  Ph.  D.,  Sparrows  Point,  ** 

W.  M.  Hyde.  Fallston,  «« 

W.  E.  I.  d'Argent,  Point  Pleasant,  Wyoma,  Upper 

Flats  and  stations,  W.  Va. 

L.  L.  Haughawout,  Crystal  River,  Homosassa  and 

stations,  Fla. 

E.  H.  Porter,  Westminster  of  New  Decatur,  Ala. 

F.  M.  Fox,  College  Hill  and  Reems  Creek,  N.  C. 
D.  L.  Lander,  Bethel,  Tenn. 
J.  M.  Hunter,  Kismet  and  Wartburg, 
J.  B.  Creswell,  Erie  and  Mt.  Zion, 
A.  J.  Thompson,   Kuttawa,   Marion  and  Grand 

Rivers,  Ky. 

G.  J.  Reed,  D.  D.,  Columbia  Edmonton  and  2 
stations, 

J.  M.  Walton,  Greensburg  and  Ebenezer, 

J.  E.  Alexander,  Rusbsylvani^  and  Rush  Creek.        Ohio. 


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G.  E.  Moore,  McArthur  and  Wilkesville, 
J.  A.  Seymour,  Streetsboro, 
S.  D.  Taylor,  South  New  Lyme, 
C.  D.  Hoover,  Wapakoneta, 
W.  W.  Tait,  Delta, 
S.  D.  Conger,  Toledo,  6th, 
M.  Koehler,  Toledo,  1st  German, 
H.  W.  Cross,  Milton  Centre  and  Tontogany, 
O.  N.  Hunt,  Edgerton, 
R.  R.  Brent,  Staunton, 

W.  H.  Bradley,  Upper  Alton  and  North  Alton  Mis- 
sion. 
M.  A.  Stone,  Du  Bois  and  Old  Du  Quoin, 
E.  B.  Kennedy,  Hope  Mission  of  Chicago, 
A.  L.  Hutchinson,  Elwood, 
G.  P.  Williams,  Emerald  ave.,  of  Chicago, 
J.  A.  Gray.  Brookline, 
H.  J.  Petran,  Calvary  of  Chicago, 
M.  H.  Jackson,  Grace  of  Chicago, 
J.  A.  Mackelvey,  Ridgeway  avenue  of  Chicago, 
J.  W.  Campbell,  Herscher, 
G.  E.  Hunt,  South  Englewood,  7th, 
W.  R,  Scarritt,  D.  D.,  Morgan.Fark, 
R.  H.  Milligai,  Libertyville, 
G.  E.  Sanderson,  Redmon, 
H.  H.  Gregg,  Jr.,  Ottawa,  1st, 
G.  A.  Pflug,  Nauvoo. 

T.  G.  Smith,  Mission  Wood  of  Grand  Rapids, 
J.  A.  Green,  Tekonsha  and  Eckford, 
J.  a  Smith,  Reading, 
W.  F.  Jones,  Alma,  1st, 
T.  Dougan,  Ashland,  Bethel, 
C.  C.  Todd,  West  Superior,  Steel  Plant, 
L.  Abels,  Plattville  and  Rockville, 
J.  Deighton,  Prairie  du  Sac, 

A.  V.  Gulick,  KilboumCity, 
R.  M.    Williams,  Cambria, 

B.  H.  Idsinga,  Milwaukee,  Holland, 
O.  H.  Chapin,  Manitowoc, 

J.  F.  Jungeblut,  1st  German  of  Milwaukee, 

R.  de  Lange,  Alto,  Holland, 

G.  D.  Heuver,  Perseverance  of  Milwaukee, 

J.  S.  Simpson,  Cambridge, 

W.  L.  Clarke,  Weyauwega, 

W.    H.    Parent,    Green  Bay,   Robinson  and  St. 

Saveur, 
A.  Doremus,  Ely, 
H.  B.  Sutherland,  Jasper, 
H.  G.  Fonken,  Canby, 

C.  G.  Miller,  Marshall  and  Swan  l^ake, 
H.  Sill,  Reiderland,  German, 

H.  CuUen,  Crystal  Bay,  Long  Lake  and  Maple 

Plain, 
R.  E.  Hawley,  Knox  of  St.  Paul  and  South  St.  Paul 

Mission, 
H.  J.  ColweU,  Alden  1st, 
R.  Tweed,  Fremont  and  Utica, 
G.  McKay,  Washburn  and  Goal  Harbor, 
J.  H.  Baldwin,  Goose  Lake, 

D.  G.  McKay,  Rolla  and  stations, 
J.  S.  Butt,  Groton, 

E.  J.  Nugent,  Presbyterial  Missionary, 

G.  A.  Wilber,  Minnesela,  Beulah  and  Hay  Creek, 

W.  O.  Tobey,  Sturgis,  Pleasant  Valley  and  stations 

C.  Loudon,  Stanley  and  vicinity, 

G.  Williams,  Mitchell  and  Hope  Chapel, 

A.  Kalohn.  Germantown  German, 

W.  Sickels,  Harmony  of  Hurley, 

M.  M.  Marshall,  Tyndall, 

W.  J.  Bollman,  Springviile, 


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Iowa. 


164 


Home  Mission  Appoivtments. 


l^AtLgusL 


J.  B.  Taylor,  Walnut, 

R.  A.  Paden,  Wilson  Grore  and  Dayton, 

W.  H.  McCuskey,  Franklinville  and  French  Creek, 

J.  R.  McGlade,  Lime  Springs,  1st, 

J.  B.  Kaye,  Manchester,  1st, 

W.  H.  Ensign,  Volga  and  Rossville, 

W.  L.  Vincent,  Farley,  Ist, 

J.  T.  Wyllie,  Pine  Creek, 

O.  J.  Bloemandaal,  Ramsey,  German, 

A.  J.  Burnett,  Manning  and  Manilla, 

M.  T.  Rainier,  Laurens, 

R.  T.  Pressly,  Mission  Work  in  Keokuk, 

J.  Stlckel,  Early, 

D.  Mouw,  Hospers,  1st, 

H.  G.  Stoetzer,  Ruskln  and  Oak, 

F.  W.  Russell,  Marquette  and  Bromfleld, 

H.  O.  Guthe,  Kearney,  German,  and  stations, 

C.  N.  Armstrong,  Cherry  Creek  and  Berg, 

J.  A.  Bardill,  Buffalo  Grove  and  Salem,  German, 

J.  W.  Hill,  Diller  Ist, 

A.  Litherland,  Ohiowa, 

C.  E.  Rice,  Belmont.  Marshland  and  WUIqw  Creek, 

W.  E.  Bassett,  Norden, 

L.  W.  Sibbec,  Elgin  and  Oakdale, 

R.  L.  Alter,  Rushville,  1st, 

C.  F.  Graves,  Ponca, 

A.  B.  Byram,  Craig, 

J.  H.  Shields,  D.  D.,  Omaha,  Southwest, 

R.  L.  Wheeler,  South  Omaha  and  stations, 

A.  Robinson,  Plymouth  and  Webster, 

W.  F.  Shields,  Sharon  and  Drexel, 

G.  B.  Sproule,  Montrose, 

J.  MayoUf  Centre  View  and  Greenwood, 

A.  McLaren,  Osceola  and  Vista, 

J.  L  Hughes,  Golden  City,  Lockwood  and  White 

Oak, 
J.  E.  Leyda,  West  Plains,  1st, 

F.  M.  Hickok,  Irwin.  Salem,  and  Preston, 
J.  A.  Gehrett,  Bethel, 

H.  W.  Marshall,  Birdseye  Ridge, 

C.  K.  Elliott,  Clarence  and  Shelbyville, 
J.  J.  Bagsley,  Reeoe  and  Salem, 

J.  P.  Viele,  Mt.  Vernon  and  Oxford, 

W.  C.  Templeton,  Quenemo  and  Maxon, 

V.  C.  Byers,  Wichita,  Perkins, 

E.  B.  Wells,  Bethany,  Pleasant  Unity  and  stations 

W.  W.  Curtis,  Belle  Plaine, 

W.  N.  McHarg,  Blue  Rapids, 

W.  H.  Wieman,  Coming  and  Vermillion, 

W.  R.  Vincent,  Bailey ville, 

G.  E.  Bicknell,  Edwin,  Kendall  and  Syracuse, 

B.  Mills,  D.  D.,  Greensburg  and  Spearville, 
A.  Axline,  Arlington, 

W.  C.  McCune,  Miami  and  Somerset, 

M.  D.  Smith,  Cherokee  and  Monmouth, 

J.  M.  Crawford,  Lake  Creek,  Edna  and  stations, 

P.  Palmer,  Herndon,  Blakeman  and  White  Lily. 

D.  Moore,  Plainville  and  Shlloh, 

T.  Bracken,  Long  Island,  Zion  and  Bow  Creek, 

W.  C.  Axer,  Norton  and  Calvert, 

A.  T.  AUer,  Hays  City, 

£.  M.  Halbert,  Carlton  and  Culver, 


Iowa. 

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F.  E.  Thompson,  Cawker  City  and  Glen  Elder,  Kan. 

A.  Steed,  Belleville 

R.  Arthur,  Lincoln,  " 

W.  Mayo,  Mankato,  *' 

J.  Patterson,  Wilson,  Ist, 

M.  E.  Koonce,  Hope, 

D.  Wallace,  Barnard  and  Fountain, 

F.  E.  McGillivray,  Herington, 
H.  W.  Clark,  Clyde,  1st, 
H.  Farwell,  Clinton, 

W.  Campbell,  Riley,  Seymour,  Sedalia  and  Bala, 
J.  Smallwood,  Barren  Ford,  White  Water  and  Elm 

Grove, 
A.  D.  Jacke,  Claremore,  Oowala,  Ward*s  Grove 

and  stations, 
W.  R.  King,  Tahlequah  and  stations, 
C.  Manus,  Catechlst, 
A.  K  Weston,  Atoka,  Caddo  and  Durant, 
O.  W.  Burks,  Lehigh  and  Colgate, 
S.  Weston,  Catechist  at  San  Bols,  etc., 
H.  A.  Tucker,  Presbyterial  Missionary, 
J.  N.  Dlament,  Econtuchka  and  stations, 
R.  J.  Lamb,  Tulsa  and  Red  Fork, 
W.  Tanyan,  Kowasatetown, 
J.  Anderson,  St.  Joe,  Montague  and  Adora, 
A.  S.  Carver,  Glen  Rose, 

C.  H.  Cook,  Sacaton,  Pima, 
H.  J.  Fumeaux,  Aztec,  Farmlngton  and  vie, 

G.  C  Huntington,  Brush, 
J.  Gaston,  Ouray, 
T.  Crowl,  Salida,  1st, 

E.  N.  B.  Millard,  Las  Animas, 
W.  W.  Dowd,  La  Junta, 
T.  Lee,  Spanish  Fork, 
E.  M.  Knox,  KayesviUe, 
S.  Allen,  Franklin  Centennial, 

E.  N.  Murphy,  Belleview,  Soldier  (and  Hailey,) 
J.  H.  Barton,  Boise  City, 

F.  W.  Pool,  Helena,  Central,  Mont. 

D.  Deuninck,  Gallatin  Valley,  " 
J.  F.  Lynn,  Boulder  Valley  and  Wickes,  " 
II.  V.  Rice,  Port  Townsend  Bay,                                Wash. 

A.  H.  Lackey,  D.  D.,  Aberdeen,  ** 
S.  H.  Cheadle,  North  Yakima, 

B.  L.  Aldrlch,  Carbonado,  " 

C.  R.  Shields,  Portland,  Mizpah,  Oreg. 

G.  Ross,  Tualatin  Plains, 

F.  H.  Fruiht,  Eagle  Park  and  station, 
A.  Marcellus,  Oakland,  Wilbur  and  Yoncalla, 
W.  A.  Smick,  Roseburg, 

E.  C.  Jacka,  Dallas,  1st, 

G.  Gillespie,  Taquina  Bay,  1st,  ** 
J.  M.  Smith,  Grizzly  Bluff,  Port  Kenyon  and  For- 

tuna,  Cal. 

G.  W.  Hays,  Shiloh,  Big  Valley  and  Freestone, 
W.  H.  Darden,  Petaluma,  " 

E.  L.  Burnett,  Ilealdsburg,  1st, 
H.  W.  Chapman,  Lakeport  and  Kelsey ville, 
J.  P.  Rich,  West  Berkley,  1st,  and  Bethany  Mission, 
C.  J.  A.  Porter,  Arbuckle, 
J.  A.  Mitchell,  Highland  and  Wrights, 
A.  H.  Croco,  Sonora  and  Columbia, 


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COLLEGES  AND  ACADEMIES, 


ADDRESS  OF  THE  SECRETARY  TO 
THE  GENERAL  ASSEMBLY. 

Mr.  Moderator  and  Brethren : — The  re- 
port of  the  standing  committee  referred 
to  the  loss  sustained  by  our  Board  and  the 
Church  in  the  death  of  Dr.  Ganse,  and 
very  kindly  alluded  to  the  one  who  takes 
his  place,  asking  that  the  mantle  of  the 
predecessor  might  fall  upon  the  suc- 
cessor. 

In  appearing  before  you  I  think  I  know 
how  that  young  and  inconspicuous  prophet 
felt,  who  crossed  the  Jordan  one  day  from 
the  east  side  and  met  the  students  of  the 
Jericho  theological  seminary.  They  asked 
him,  "Where  is  your  master?"  I  suppose 
he  told  them  of  the  chariot  and  horses  of 
fire;  and  they  but  half  believed  him,  for 
they  sent  out  fifty  young  men  to  look  for 
their  master.  Our  vanished  master's  pre- 
sence is  felt  to  be  needed  whenever  this 
subject  comes  before  the  Church.  The 
paramount  thing  I  have  to  say  to  you  is 
to  ask  the  earnest  prayers  of  the  Church 
in  behalf  of  this  bereaved  Board,  and  that 
the  mantle  of  the  predecessor  may  fall 
upon  the  present  Secretary,  and  with  it  a 
double  portion  of  his  spirit  of  wisdom  and 
foresight  which  laid  so  broadly  and  finely 
the  foundations  of  this  Board ;  his  spirit  of 
geniality  and  kindness  which  everywhere 
won  friends  to  him  and  to  the  Board ;  his 
spirit  of  devoted  love  to  individual  insti- 
tutions, and  of  entire  personal  consecration 
to  the  educational  work  of  the  Presbyter- 
ian Church ;  so  that  when  the  Secretary 
has  to  cross  some  deep  waters,  and  shall 
smite  them  and  say,  "Where  is  the  God  of 
Elijah?  "  those  who  watch  may  see  the  way 
opened  and  praise  the  God  of  Elijah,  the 
God  of  every  prophet  who  has  followed 
Elijah's  example  in  founding  and  foster- 


ing institutions  for  the  higher  education 
of  the  servants  of  God. 

Of  that  single  point  I  wish  to  speak  to 
you,  emphasizing  the  education  of  minis- 
ters. 

The  need  of  more  ministers  we  know. 
The  Home  Board  wants  ministers.  This 
great  West  needs  them.  The  Foreign 
Boards  wants  ministers.  The  Secretary  of 
our  Sabbath  School  missionary  work  tells 
me  that  they  need  two  hundred  more  min- 
isters annually  to  follow  up  the  work  be- 
gun by  that  board.  A  careful,  conserva- 
tive study  of  the  situation  warrants  the 
statement  that  our  Church  needs  to-day 
at  least  two  thousand  more  ministers  than 
we  have,  and  that  it  needs  annual  in- 
crease of  the  number  at  least  five  times  as 
great  as  our  present  rate  of  increase. 
Where  shall  this  supply  come  from? 
Ten  years  ago,  when  this  Board  was  talk- 
ed of,  it  was  found  that  the  Presbyterian 
Church,  had  twice  as  many  theological 
seminaries  as  any  other  great  denomination 
of  this  land,  and  that  they  were  well  en- 
dowed as  compared  with  the  seminaries  of 
other  denominations.  Why  then  had  we 
not  more  ministers?  I  understand  that 
near  my  former  home  in  Kansas  a  .syndi- 
cate of  New  York  capitalists  built  a  sorg- 
hum sugar  manufactory.  Kansas  is  a  great 
state  for  sorghum;  it  makes  elegant  sugar 
which  brings  a  good  price.  This  manufac- 
tory had  a  fine  plant,  the  best  machinery, 
and  capable  experienced  help.  Yet  it  failed 
the  first  year.  Why?  Becausethey  had  ne- 
glected to  arrange  with  neighboring  farm- 
ers for  a  supply  of  sorghum;  and  it  is  diffi- 
cult to  make  sorghum  sugar  unless  you 
have  a  supply  of  sorghum.  It  was  found, 
ten  years  ago,  that,  while  we  had  a  good 
supply  of  theological  seminaries,  we  had 

165 


166 


Address  of  the  Secretary  to  the  General  Assembly. 


[^August, 


less  than  half  the  number  of  colleges  and 
academies  possessed  by  either  of  the  other 
great  denominations,  and  our  endowments 
were  inferior  to  theirs :  we  did  not  have  the 
schools  to  furnish  the  raw  material  out  of 
which  our  theological  seminaries  could 
manufacture  the  ministerial  product. 
Hence  this  Board  was  founded,  to  foster 
colleges  and  academies,  to  give  our  semin- 
aries a  supply  of  young  men  to  be  made 
into  ministers. 

Here  is  the  central  thing  in  my  speech : 
the  Board  of  Aid  for  Colleges  and  Acade- 
mies is  doing  this  work ;  it  is  producing 
the  desired  result. 

In  1884^  when  the  Board  was  getting 
under  way,  our  Church  had  275  candi- 
dates for  the  ministry;  in  1891  it  report- 
ed 1,317  candidates,  an  increase  in  seven 
years  of  382  per  centum^  an  increase  due 
in  large  measure  to  the  work  of  this 
Board.  Consider  the  following  facts :  A 
few  weeks  ago  I  examined  the  catalogues 
of  our  five  largest  theological  seminaries 
for  three  years  past.  I  found  that  of  the 
students  32  were  supplied  by  state  institu- 
tions, and  447  were  from  our  smaller 
colleges.  The  reason  for  this  fact  is  evi- 
dent;  certain  characteristics  of  our  smaller 
institutions,  such  as  this  Board  aids,  dis- 
close it. 

First  is  the  spirit  of  their  foundation. 
Dr.  J.  M.  Buckley  said  recently  that  a 
very  respectable  academy,  still  existing  in 
one  of  the  older  Eastern  states,  was  or- 
ganized a  hundred  years  ago  by  Christian 
people  in  a  tavern,  and  its  first  building 
was  erected  from  the  proceeds  of  a  lottery, 
and  it  sold  a  colored  slave  to  secure  funds 
with  which  to  pay  a  professor  who  should 
teach  dancing  in,  the  academy.  The  ins- 
titutions aided  by  this  Board  are  founded, 
not  in  taverns,  but  in  prayer  meetings 
and  church  sessions  and  presbyteries. 
Their  little  buildings  are  not  put  up  by 
money  from  speculative  methods,  but  by 
the  self-sacrificing  gifts  of  Christian  peo- 


ple who  want  this  country  taught  the 
Word  of  God,  and  the  science  and  history 
and  philosophy  which  are  directed  and 
informed  by  the  Word  of  God. 

In  the  second  place,  the  teachers.  Our 
institutions  have  not,so  far  as  I  am  aware, 
professors  of  dancing;  but  they  have  con- 
secrated men  and  women  who  are  engaged 
in  the  work  because  they  love  it.  The 
test  of  their  consecration  is  a  simple  one ; 
it  is  the  financial  test.  Most  of  them  are 
working  under  salaries  from  one-half  to 
two- thirds  as  large  as  they  are  offered  in 
state  institutions;  (state  institutions  like 
the  sort  of  teachers  that  we  have ;)  but  our 
teachers  do  this  work  because  they  want 
to  teach  where  they  can  teach  Christianity 
and  do  distinctively  Christian  work  with 
young  people.  It  is  the  missionary  spirit. 
The  home  and  foreign  missionaries  of  our 
Church  have  the  Church's  heart-felt  love 
and  admiration ;  and  our  teachers  are, 
many  of  them,  as  worthy  of  onr  love  and 
admiration.  The  stories  I  could  tell  you 
of  their  patience,  their  simple  heroism, 
and  their  sacrificing  splendid  financial 
opportunities  that  they  may  stay  in  their 
humble  spheres  and  do  toilsome  ill-re- 
warded work,  are  beautiful.  They  ought 
to  have  the  appreciative  praise  and  thanks 
of  the  Church.  I  hope  for  the  time  when 
the  contributions  of  the  churches  will  en- 
able us  to  aid  them  as  they  should  be 
aided,  and  not,  as  now,  restrict  our  aid  to 
one-half  the  needed  amounts. 

A  third  thing  in  our  institutions  is  the 
teaching  of  the  Bible.  Your  College 
Board  believes  that  the  Bible  is  not  only 
the  best  of  books,  but  that  there  is  no 
other  book  like  it;  not  only  that  it  is  the 
word  of  God,  but  that  it  is  the  foundation 
of  all  true  education.  I  had  occasion  a 
few  years  ago  to  study  the  curricula  of 
most  of  the  Christian  colleges  of  this 
country  and  to  correspond  with  their 
presidents  on  this  subject.  I  was  amazed 
to  find  how  few  Christian  colleges   teach 


1892] 


Address  of  the  Secretary  to  the  Oenerai  Assembljf. 


167 


the  Word  of  God  systematically  ;in  Presby- 
terian colleges  best  of  all^  I  am  glad  to 
say,  but  not  as  it  should  be  in  many  of 
them.  Too  many  institutions  make  their 
students  acquainted  with  all  the  ancient 
religions  except  Christianity;  give  them 
knowledge  of  all  classic  religious  litera- 
tures except  the  bible ;  and  instruct  them 
in  the  characters  and  teachings  of  all  the 
world's  religious  loaders  except  Christ.  I 
resolved  then,  years  before  I  thought  of 
being  the  servant  of  your  Board,  to  do 
whatever  I  might  be  permitted  to  do  to 
secure  better  teaching  of  the  Bible  in 
educational  institutions.  Your  Board 
proposes,  if  you  approve  the  proposition, 
to  see  that  in  every  institution  aided  by  it 
the  Bible  shall  be  a  leading  text-book, 
systematically  and  thoroughly  taught.  It 
is  not  enough  to  teach  the  evidences  of 
Christianity ;  Christianity  itself  must  be 
taught.  The  Bible  has  been  and  is  taught 
in  all  schools  aided  by  the  Board,  but  not 
as  we  hope  to  have  it  taught  hereafter. 

The  result  of  these  three  things: — the 
spirit  in  their  foundation,  the  character 
and  work  of  their  teachers,  and  the  study  of 
the  Word  of  God — ^is  plainly  manifest ;  first, 
in  the  conversion  of  students.  It  is  not 
common  to  have  one  unconverted  student 
graduated.  I  visited  recently,  one  of  our 
Western  colleges  where  there  was  a  Hebrew 
student,  and  another  where  there  was 
but  one  student  not  openly  following 
Christ;  and  soon  afterwards  letters  from 
the  presidents  of  the  colleges  told  me  that 
the  child  of  Abraham  according  to  the 
flesh  had  become  a  son  of  Abraham  ac- 
cording to  the  spirit,  and  the  only  uncon- 
verted student  in  the  other  college  had 
become  a  Christian,  both  confessing 
Christ.  One  college  reports  20  of  its  101 
students,  or  about  25  per  centum.,  con- 
verted during  the  year;  another  reports 
42  of  its  205  students  converted  during 
the  year. 

Conversion  is  usually  followed  by  grad- 


ual consecration.  Piety  does  not  hinder 
scholarship.  After  revivals  the  schools 
commonly  report  marked  improvement  in 
devotion  to  study.  Our  institutions  send 
students  to  Princeton  and  other  Eastern 
colleges,  who  enter  without  conditions 
and  are  graduated  with  honor.  And  we 
have  this  monotonous  report  coming  to 
us  year  after  year  from  our  colleges :  ' '  No 
cases  of  discipline;  scarcely  one  reprim- 
anded; no  hazing."  It  is  marvellous 
what  consecration  can  do  in  a  school  or 
college.  I  wish  to  bear  witness,  from 
personal  visitation  of  more  than  half  the 
institutions  aided  by  the  Board,  to  the 
wholesome,  happy,  hearty  type  of  piety  in 
them.  As  the  student  passes  from  class 
to  class,  and  from  the  preparatory  to  the 
college  department,  the  Bible  teaching, 
missionary-spirited  teachers,  and  general 
religions  atmosphere,  deepen  and 
strengthen  his  consecration;  until  the 
male  graduates^  with  not  many  exceptions, 
desire  to  enter  the  ministry.  We  have 
now  in  our  aided  institutions  about  175 
young  men,  or  about  ten  per  centum  of 
the  male  students,  who  look  toward  the 
ministry;  and  when  we  remember  that 
eight-ninths  of  the  students  are  in  pre- 
paratory classes,  only  one-ninth  yet  in 
college,  and  that  the  purpose  to  enter  the 
ministry  is  commonly  not  made  until  the 
college  course  is  entered,  we  get  some 
idea  of  the  mighty  influence  these  institu- 
tions are  exerting  upon  young  men  to 
move  them  into  the  pulpit. 

The  first  Presbyterian  educational  in- 
stitution which  I  visited  after  I  became  a 
Western  man  a  few  years  ago,  was  not  a 
college  but  a  university;  for  you  know 
that  we  Western  people  often  give  small 
things  big  names  and  then  laudably  try  to 
live  up  to  the  name.  It  had  a  small  brick 
building,  two  stories  high,  with  but  one 
room  to  a  story ;  the  paint  nearly  gone,  the 
wood-work  whittled,  much  like  a  good  East- 
em  country  school  house.     The  first  com- 


168 


Address  of  the  Secretary  to  the  General  Assembly. 


[Augusti 


mencement  exercise  which  I  attended  was 
a  "  Mother  Goose  Entertainment,"  by 
what  I  would  call  the  pre-preparatory  de- 
partment. It  was  excellent  of  its  kind, 
but  what  a  kind  for  a  Presbyterian  univer- 
sity! The  upper  room  in  which  the 
commencement  exercises  were  held  was 
small  and  poor.  It  had  no  stationary 
platform,  and  a  temporary  one  had  been 
constructed  of  huge  beams  and  rough 
planks — a  sort  of  Eastlake  style,  with  no 
attempt  to  hide  the  joints.  As  there 
were  no  permanent  steps,  the  two  degrees 
of  ascent  to  this  Baccalaureate  forum  were, 
plainly  in  sight  of  all,  '*  Colgate's  Soap," 
and  ^'Oswego  Gloss  Starch;"  but  that 
was  not  bad ;  they  eyidently  typefied  two 
very  good  things — cleanliness  and  self- 
respecting  dignity.  I  felt  ashamed,  and 
thought  to  myself,  ^'  Is  this  a  Presbyterian 
university?  "  But  when  I  had  talked  with 
president,  professors  and  students,  and 
found  out  what  sort  of  men  and  women 
were  manufactured  there ;  when  I  learned 
that  one  graduate  of  it  was  a  learned  and 
leading  trustee  of  the  church  I  had  served 
in  Chicago^  another  in  a  New  York  pulpit, 
and  others  in  home  and  foreign  mission 
fields,  I  prayed  God  that  more  such  col- 
leges or  universities — call  them  what  you 
will — might  be  established  and  prospered 
to  furnish  us  such  men. 

We  ask  the  Presbyterian  Church  to 
stand  by  these  struggling,  self-sacrificing. 
Western  institutions,  with  their  splendid 
consecration  of  abilitv  and  their  love  of 
our  common  work,  and  to  aid  them,  as 
God's  spirit  shall  move  our  benevolent 
hearts,  with  such  largeness  that  they  can 
do  greater  work,  and   our    Church  may 


have  a  greater  ministry,   and  God  the 
greater  praise. 


ENDOWMENTS. 

The  urgent  need  of  these  young  Presbyterian 
colleges  now  is  adequate  endowment.  The 
church  has  brought  them  into  existence.  She 
is  morally  bound  to  give  them  at  least  enough 
support  to  make  them  self-respecting.  In  or- 
der to  do  this  a  systematic  and  well-sustained 
effort  ought  to  be  made  to  endow  at  least  one 
chair  each  year  in  those  several  colleges  un- 
der care  of  the  Board.  A  successful  effort  of 
this  kind  will  inspire  confidence  all  along  the 
line ;  and  it  will  be  a  demonstration  to  all  men 
that  the  Presbyterian  church  was  not  hasty  or 
thoughtless  when  she  undertook  this  Western 
college  work  nine  years  ago.  Can  this  be 
done?  We  answer  affirmatively  by  pointing 
out  what  might  have  been  done,  had  some  in- 
fluential adviser  of  Mrs.  Stuart,  for  example, 
persuaded  her  to  do  as  nobly  for  the  Board  of 
Aid  as  she  did  for  the  seminary  at  Princeton. 
One  gift  such  as  that  flowing  into  the  treasury 
of  the  churches  own  Board  would  have  enabled 
it  to  secure  the  endowmeuc  of  probably  a  score 
of  professorships  in  these  hopeful  and  worthy 
Western  colleges.  We  put  the  question  with 
deep  anxiety:  Are  there  not  a  number  of 
great,  broad-hearted  leaders  of  the  Presbyter- 
ian church  in  the  East  who  will  seize  the  oppor- 
tunity of  suggesting  to  the  men  and  women 
of  wealth  in  their  congregations  the  immense 
possibilities  for  investment  61  the  Lord^s 
money  in  these  Christian  schools?  The  wist- 
ful heart  waits  to  be  electrified  with  the  an- 
nouncement that  a  round  million  of  dollars 
has  been  intrusted  to  the  Board  for  the  purpose 
of  completing  the  educational  tower  begun 
nine  years  ago.  Let  us  hear  the  giver's  name 
and  let  the  gift  not  tarry. — J.  F.  H.,  in  the 
Mid-Continent, 
College  of  Emporia, 


1892.] 


lemperance — Reaolutions  of  the  AssemlLly. 


16& 


Ztmp^anct. 


The  General  Assembly's  Standing  Commit- 
tee on  Temperance,  in  its  report,  highly 
commended  the  Permanent  Committee  for  its 
diligent  and  faithful  work  in  behalf  of  the 
caose  of  Temperance  daring  the  past  year. 
Specific  commendation  was  given  to  its  dis- 
tribution of  literature,  '^didactic,  admonitory 
and  suggestive  in  its  character ;  '^  its  alertness 
'^  to  all  matters  in  the  several  States  and  in 
the  national  Congress  concerning  the  trust 
committed  to  its  care ; "  its  encouragement  of 
efforts  for  the  right  education  of  the  young 
in  the  principles  and  practice  of  temperance 
in  Sabbath-schools,  Christian  Endeavor  Soci- 
eties, etc.,  and  its  successful  **  efforts  to 
present  to  this  Assembly  a  consensus  of  the 
thought  of  the  Church  with  respect  to  the  use 
of  unfermented  wine  and  the  feasibility  of 
the  use,  universally,  of  the  **  fruit  of  the 
vine  free  from  alcoholic  temptation/'  It  is 
stated  that  '^  a  large  majority  of  the  churches, 
in  consideration  of  the  infirmity  of  the  weak, 
substitute  unfermented  wine  for  the  wine  of 
commerce.'' 

On  the  recommendation  of  its  Standing 
Committee,  the  Assembly  adopted  the  follow- 
ing 

RESOLUTIONS : 

1.  That  the  Assembly  approve  the  fidelity  and 
diligence  of  the  Assembly's  Permanent  Com- 
mittee. 

2.  That  the  Assembly  recommend  to  all  pres- 
byteries the  appointment  of  a  permanent  com- 
mittee on  temperance. 

8.  That  the  whole  power  of  the  Presbyterian 
Church,  in  harmony  with  the  efforts  of  other 
evangelical  communions,  shall  be  directed  to 
resist  the  passage  of  any  law  legalizing  the 
liquor  traffic  in  Alaska,  and  that  the  Permanent 
Committee  on  Temperance  use  all  lawful  and 
laudable  methods  and  means  in  resisting  the 
passage  of  such  bill  in  Congress,  and  to  this  end 


that  the  action  of  this  Assembly  be  communi- 
cated by  telegraph  to  the  committees  in  the 
national  Congress  having  this  matter  in  charge.* 

4.  That  the  Assembly  stands  firmly  by  the 
deliverances  heretofore  given  by  our  Church  on 
the  evils  of  intemperance,  and  enjoins  our  min- 
isters and  people  to  do  all  that  is  possible  in 
their  individual  and  collective  capacity  in  the 
extermination  of  the  evil,  and  that  we  reiterate 
the  deliverance  of  the  Assembly  of  1888,  that, 
"In  view  of  the  evils  wrought  by  this  scourge 
of  our  race,  this  Assembly  would  hail  with  accla- 
mations of  joy  and  thanksgiving  the  utter  exter- 
mination of  the  traffic  in  intoxicating  liquors  as 
a  beverage  by  the  power  of  Christian  conscience, 
public  opinion  and  the  strong  arm  of  civil  law," 
and  further,  that  we  give  all  honor  to  all  officials 
of  the  law  who  have  had  the  fidelity  to  execute 
the  laws  of  the  land  in  accordance  with  their 
sacred  oaths  of  office. 

5.  That  this  Assembly  regards  the  saloon, 
licensed  or  unlicensed,  as  a  curse  to  the  land, 
inimical  to  our  free  institutions,  and  a  constant 
jeopardy  to  the  present  and  lasting  peace  and 
happiness  of  all  members  of  the  home,  and, 
furthermore,  loyalty  to  Christ  and  his  church 
should  constrain  every  Christian  citizen  to  be 
earnestly  zealous  in  securing  the  removal  of  the 
traffic,  very  largely  responsible  for  the  mass  of 
crime,  pauperism,  and  the  social  evil  that  fiood 
the  land  with  misery,  and  that  we  emphasize  the 
great  value  to  the  cause  of  temperance  in  this 
country,  which  comes  from  the  Supreme  Court 
of  the  United  States  in  its  recent  decision :  ' '  That 
there  is  no  inherent  right  in  a  citizen  to  sell  in- 
toxicating liquor  by  retail ;  it  is  not  a  privilege 
of  the  State  or  of  a  citizen  of  the  United  States." 

6.  That  we  urge  Congress  to  pass  laws  abol- 
ishing the  sale  of  all  intoxicating  liquors  for 
beverage  purposes  from  all  the  territories  of  the 
United  States  and  the  District  of  Columbia,  and 
from  all  buildings  and  institutions  under  control 
of  the  United  States  Grovemment. 

7.  That  we  indorse  the  work  of  the  Presby- 
terian Woman's  Temperance  Association  and  all 


*  This  was  in  response  to  OYertures  from  several  Pres- 
byteries. 


170 


Pidy  at  Home — Mr.  Sleeper^  s  Juniore. 


[Augud, 


kindred  organizations,  and,  bidding  them  God- 
speed, that  we  urge  the  women  of  our  Presbj' 
terian  churches  to  organize  temperance  work 
along  the  same  church  lines  as  those  adopted  by 
the  women  of  the  Presbyterian  churches  of 
Pennsylyania,  and  this,  not  in  antagonism,  but 
in  perfect  harmony  with  the  eyangelistic  work 
of  other  temperance  organizations.  Also  that 
this  work  be  extended  to  the  children  and  youth. 

8.  That  from  the  pulpits  of  our  beloved 
Church,  emphasis  should  be  given  to  the  deliv- 
erances of  the  General  Assembly  for  the  past 
eighty  years,  and  in  order  that  the  Church  com- 
municants and  others  who'  might  be  led  to  be 
interested  in  temperance  work,  may  thoroughly 
understand  the  position  of  the  Church,  now  and 
in  years  past,  the  Permanent  Committee  be 
requested  to  have  their  tract,  "A  summary  of 
the  deliverances  of  the  Assembly  on  temperance," 
sent  to  all  pastors  throughout  the  Church  with  a 
request  that  the  tract  be  distributed  among  the 
people. 

9.  Having  examined  the  minutes  of  the  Perma- 
nent Committee,  we  recommend  their  approval. 

10.  That  the  Rev.  I.  N.  Hayes,  D.  D.,  Rev. 
R.  D.  Wilson,  Ph.  D.,  Elders  R.  C.  Totten  and 
George  Irwin,  are  respectfully  recommended  for 
re- election. 


Piety  At  Hobce. —  Of  course,  if  we  have 
any  piety  at  all,  it  will,  in  some  measure,  be 
seen  at  home.  What  we  desire  to  emphasize 
at  present,  however,  is  the  importance  of 
putting  forth  special  effort  to  live  Christ-like 
lives  within  the  precious  realm  of  the  domes- 
tic circle . 

It  is  comparatively  easy  to  be  religious  when 
we  are  in  public  assemblies  specially  convened 
for  the  worship  of  God,  where  everything  is 
conducive  to  devotional  thought  and  feeling, 
It  is  quite  another  and  more  difficult  matter 
to  maintain  and  exhibit  the  Christian  spirit 
amid  the  cares  and  anxieties  that  are  incident 
to  the  best  regulated  households.      In  fact, 


there  are  some  who  seem  to  think  that  relig- 
ion has  little  or  nothing  to  do  with  their 
deportment  in  the  home  circle.  With  them 
reUgion  is  mainly,  if  not  exclusively,  a  mat- 
ter of  time  and  place  and  ceremony.  They 
forget  that  patience  and  kindness  and  a  good 
temper  are  very  important  elements  of  piety 
and  that  there  is  no  place  where  the  showing 
of  these  graces  will  do  so  much  good  as  around 
our  own  hearth . 

The  truth  is,  that  home  is  the  place  to 
test  one^s  piety.  There  we  are  usually  seen 
just  as  we  are,  all  seeming  and  pretense  and 
mere  appearance  being  laid  aside.  So  that 
what  we  are  at  heart  will  there  discover  itself. 
At  home  none  of  those  influences  operate 
which,  in  other  places,  cause  us  to  cover  up 
our  real  self.  There  we  feel  at  liberty  to  say 
and  do  whatever  our  inmost  heart  may  prompt. 
If  renewed  by  the  grace  of  Gtod  the  fruits  of 
the  spirit  will  not  be  wanting. 

Nor  is  there  anything  more  helpful  or  beau- 
tiful than  the  manifestation  of  piety  in 
the  endearing  intimacies  of  home  life.  How 
smoothly  the  family  life  moves  on  where  the 
law  of  kindness,  and  patience  and  gentleness 
holds  sway,  where  every  word,  and  temper 
and  act  are  under  subjection  to  Him  who  is 
the  God  of  the  families  of  the  whole  earth. 
How  much  of  new  comfort  and  joy  would 
come  into  all  of  our  lives  if  we  would  leanx 
to  show  piety  at  home? — The  Advocate  and 
Ensign. 

Mr.  Sleeper's  Juniors. — The  Juniors  in 
the  first  society  organized  in  Beloit,  Wis., 
have  rented  two  pews  near  the  pulpit  for  the 
use  of  members  whose  parents  do  not  regu- 
larly attend  church.  The  pews  are  filled 
with  children,  and  the  overflow  crowds  the 
neighboring  pews  also.  The  Junior  Treas- 
urer, who  pays  the  pew-rent  in  the  name  of 
the  society,  acts  as  children's  usher.  The 
presence  in  the  church  of  almost  the  entire 
Junior  Society  compels  the  pastor  to  preach  a 
five-minute  children's  sermon;  and  the  older 
people  seem  to  enjoy  this  part  of  the 
programme  as  much  as  the  Juniors  them- 
selves. 


1893.] 


Danid  and  Hia  Three   Vouvg  Frienda. 


DANIEL      AND      HIS    THREE    YOUNG 
FRIENDS. 

BY  FREDERICK    BWTH. 
[From  the  Toulh's  Tempcruce  Burner] 

Yon  all  know  the  story  of  Daniel.  You 
remember,  when  the  Ring  of  Babylon  over- 
came the  King  of  Jadah,  that  thousands  of 
Jews  were  taken  captive.  What  a  wearisome 
journey  to  that  far-ofiland  itmnethavebeeal 
No  railways;  not  even  wagons  and  horses; 
but  the  poor  prisoners— even  the  old  men 
and  women  and  little  children — had  to  tccdk 


hundreds  of  miles  under  a  burning''  bud. 
Now,  we  find  that  when  the  King  at  Babylon 
saw  some  of  the  Hebrew  lads  he  liked  their 
appearance,  and  thought  he  wonld  have  some 
of  them  to  stand  before  him.  So  he  spoke 
to  one  of  his  great  men,  and  told  him  to  pick 
out  the  best  of  the  lads,  and  among  many 
others,  Daniel,  Shadrach,  Meshaob,  and 
Abednego  were  chosen.  All  were  to  have 
very  best  meat  and  drink — the  same  kind  of 
food  and  drink  that  the  King  himself  bad. 
And  so  the  great  man  commenced  to  carry 
out  the  King's  orders.  The  Bible  says,  bow- 
ever,  that  "Daniel  purposed  in  his  heart  that 
he  would  not  defile  himself  with  the  portion 


172 


Daniel  and  His  Ihree  Young  Friends. 


[^Auffusti 


of  the  King^s  meat,  nor  with  the  wine  which 
he  drank. '^  Now,  why  would  he  not  eat  the 
meat  and  drink  the  wine?  It  might  be,  be- 
cause the  meat  had  not  been  killed  in  accor- 
dance with  God^s  law.  Learned  men  tell  us 
also  that  the  meat  and  the  wine  may  have 
been  offered  to  idols,  and  that  this  would 
be  the  reason  why  Daniel  would  not  touch 
them.  Boy  as  he  was,  he  probably  thought, 
'^The  meat  and  wine  may  be  good  in  them- 
selves, but  because  they  have  been  mixed  up 
with  so  much  that  is  evil,  I  will  have  nothing 
to  do  with  them.  I  will  show  my  detestation 
and  horror  of  the  idolatrous  service — so  de- 
grading to  man  and  so  dishonoring  to  God — 
by  having  nothing  to  do  with  anything  that 
has  been  associated  with  it."  And  this  is 
just  what  toe  may  do  nowadays  in  reference 
to  strong  drink.  We  need  not  refuse  meat 
for  this  reason ;  but  surely  we  may  reason 
that  even  if  wine  and  strong  drink  were  good 
in  themselves  (which  they  are  not),  it  is 
right  to  abstain  from  them,  because  we  can 
easily  do  vdthout  them^  and  because  their  use 
produces  so  much  misery  and  sin,  Daniel 
had  not  Christ^s  teaching  to  guide  him,  but 
he  acted  nevertheless  in  a  true  Christian 
spirit,  and  according  to  the  teaching  of  Paul, 
who  tells  us  to  abstain  from  whatever  is  a 
cause  of  offense  and  stumbling  to  others. 
And  what  about  DaniePs  three  companions  ? 
Why,  they  did  as  Daniel  did.  We  do  not 
read  that  they  said  anything,  but  very  likely 
if  it  had  not  been  for  Daniel's  brave  example, 
they  would  not  have  stood  firm  at  all.  There 
is  many  a  timid  boy  or  girl,  yes,  and  even 
man  and  woman,  who  is  made  to  feel  cour- 


ageous by  the  bold  example  of  another. 
So  take  care,  whether  in  school,  the  work- 
shop, or  the  office,  that  you  always  set  a  brave 
and  true  example,  not  only  for  your  own  sake, 
but  to  strengthen  those  weaker  than  your- 
selves. And  how  did  the  Hebrew  boys  get 
on?  Why,  splendidly,  as  we  all  shall,  if  we 
do  what  is  right.  Daniel  asked  the  chief 
man  to  let  them  eat  vegetable  food — ^peas, 
beans,  and  such  things — and  to  drink  water. 
And  very  soon,  as  the  Bible  tells  us,  ^^  their 
countenances  appeared  fairer  and  fatter  in 
flesh  than  all  the  children  which  did  eat  the 
portion  of  the  king^s  meat,  "  and  *'God  gave 
them  knowledge  and  skill  in  all  learning  and 
wisdom.  "  Now,  if  you  wish  to  read  this 
story  in  full,  you  will  find  it  in  the  first  chap- 
ter of  the  Book  of  Daniel. 

Let  us  all  belong  to  '^DaniePs  Band,'' 
'^daring  to  stand  alone,"  to  be  singular,  to 
say  "No"  to  what  is  wrong.  Some  have 
called  those  four  brave  boys  the  first  Band  of 
Hope.  The  Band  of  Hope,  by  teaching  us 
to  say  *'No  "  to  strong  drink,  makes  it  easy 
for  us  to  say  *'No"  to  many  other  bad  things, 
and  by  God's  grace  we  are  thus  enabled  to 
lead  a  pure  and  useful  life. 

Daniel^s  Band. 

Standing  by  a  purpose  true, 

Heeding  God's  command, 
Honor  them,  the  faithful  few ! 

All  hail  to  Daniel's  Band! 
Dare  to  be  a  Daniel!  Dare  to  stand  alone! 
Dare  to  have  a  purpose  firm !  Dare  to  make  it  known ! 

Many  giants,  great  and  tall, 

Stalking  through  the  land, 
Headlong  to  the  earth  would  fall. 

If  met  by  Daniel's  Band! 
Dare  to  be  a  Daniel!  Dai-e  to  stand  alone! 
Dare  to  have  a  purpose  true !  Dare  to  make  it  known  •' 


1892.] 


Think  of  These  Things — A  Good  Investment 


173 


Think  on  These  Things. — The  popula- 
tion of  India  equals  the  combined  popula- 
tion of  the  following  countries  :  Russia, 
United  States,  Ghermany,  France,  Great- 
Britain,  Turkey  Proper,  and  Canada. 

If  each  person  in  India  could  represent 
a  letter  in  our  English  Bible,  it  would  take 
seventy  Bibles  to  represent  the  heathen 
population  of  India,  while  the  Christian 
population  could  be  represented  by  the  proph- 
ecy of  Isaiah. 

The  people  of  India,  holding  hands, 
would  reach  three  times  around  the  globe 
at  the  equator. 

Put  the  people  into  single  file,  allow 
three  feet  space  for  each  to  walk  in,  and 
walking  at  the  rate  of  ten  miles  a  day, 
it  would  take  them  forty  years  to  pass 
a  given  point;  or  walking  five  miles  a 
day,  with .  the  present  increase  of  popula- 
tion by  birth  rate,  the  great  procession 
would  never  have  an  end. 

Could  you  put  the  women  of  India  into 
a  column  eight  feet  deep  and  allow  a 
foot  and  a  half  for  each  woman,  thus 
walking  in  lock- step,  you  would  have  a 
column  reaching  eight  times  across  the 
continent  of  North  America. 

Again,  could  you  distribute  bibles  to 
the  women  of  India  at  the  rate  of  twen- 
ty thousand  a  day,  you  would  require 
seventeen  years  to  hand  each  woman  a 
Bible. 

Could  you  put  the  children  of.  India  into 
a  column  four  feet  deep,  and  allowing  a 
spaco  of  two  feet  for  each  child  to  walk 
in,  you  would  have  a  procession  reaching 
five  thousand  miles  ;  and  walking  five 
miles  a  day,  it  would  take  them  two  and 
three-quarters  years  to  pass  a  given  point. 

The  widows  of  India  would  outnumber 
four  cities  like  London,  England.  Give 
to  each  a  standing  space  of  one  foot,  stand- 
ing ten  abreast,  and  this  closely  packed 
column  would  reach  the  full  length  of 
New  York  State. 


One  in  every  six  of  the  females  in  In- 
dia is  doomed  to  a  desolate  and  degraded 
life,  and,  in  this  awful  proportion,  to  dis- 
grace and  'crime.  The  common  term  for 
widow  and  harlot  in  Bengal  is  the  same. — 
Missionary  Record. 


The  Report  of  the  London  Mi^»sionary 
Society  is  marvellously  encouraging.  The 
Board,  in  face  of  an  adverse  balance  at 
the  beginning  of  last  year  of  £7,600,  de- 
cided to  add  one  hundred  additional  mis- 
sionaries to  the  staff  of  the  Societv  before 
their  centenary  in  1895.  The  result  of 
their  appeal  was  an  increase  in  income  of 
fully  £85,000,  which  not  only  met  an  in- 
creased expenditure  of  £19.000,  but  also  paid 
off  the  debt  of  £7,600,  and  left  a  balance 
in  hand  of  £9,544,  with  which  to  begin 
the  new  year.  The  result  of  the  "Self- 
denial  Week''  has  been  £9,662. 


Amongst  the  women  last  month  came  a 
fine,  strong,  young  woman,  who  was  disap- 
pointed that  I  did  not  remember  her.  She 
said,  ''Do  you  not  know  me,  the  looman  with 
the  opened  mouth  to  praise  God.^''  Then  she 
turned  to  the  women  around,  and  told  them 
that  for  more  than  two  years  her  mouth  had 
been  fast  closed,  and  how  much  she  had  spent 
on  writings  (a  few  words  from  the  Koran, 
worn  near  a  diseased  part  is  supposed  to  work  a 
cure) ;  then  she  came  to  us,  and  our  medicine, 

WITHOUT  PAIN  AND  WITHOUT  MONET 

cured  her.  The  poor  woman  is  now  so  dif- 
ferent, for  when  she  came  to  us  she  was  weak 
and  ill,  suffering  from  locked- jaw.  She  had 
subsisted  on  sopped  food,  and  being  too  poor 
to  buy  meat,  she  had  taken  little  else  but 
green  tea.  Now  she  is  strong,  can  eat  solid 
food,  and,  as  she  says,  with  her  mouth 
opened  to  praise  God.  It  was  pleasant  to 
see  her,  for  gratitude  is  not  common  here. — 
Medical  Miss.  Record. 


A  Good  Investment. — A  widow  in  Buffa- 
lo-—Mrs.  Howard — has  given  two  thousand 
dollars  to  meet  the  cost  of  erecting  a  wing  to 
the  Westminster  Hospital  in  Oroomiah, 
Persia,  in  the  charge  of  Dr.  J.  P.  Cochran. — 


174 


Ministerial  Necrology — Book  Notices. 


[Augiul. 


(gtiftuitetHdf  (llecrofo^. 


^^We  earnestly  request  the  families  of  deceased  min- 
isters and  the  stated  clerks  of  their  presDyterles  to  for- 
ward to  us  promptly  the  facts  given  in  these  notices,  and 
as  nearly  as  possible  in  the  form  exemplified  below. 
These  notices  are  hisrhly  valued  by  writers  of  Presby- 
terian history,  compilers  of  statistics  and  the  intelligent 
readers  of  both. 


Hennioh,  Hknbt  K. — Bom,  Centre  County,  Pa«, 
Nov.  20,  1818;  graduated  from  Gettysburg  Col- 
lege, 1841;  licensed  to  preach,  1842;  ministered 
to  a  church  in  New  Castle,  Ind.,  1866-70;  spent 
the  remainder  of  his  years  in  Lincoln  and  Van 
Buren  (Aunties,  Iowa,  except  four  years  in  Ran- 
dolph, Illinois;  died  in  Bonaparte,  Iowa,  April 
9, 1892.  Married  Miss  Rebecca  J.  Surface,  Jan. 
17, 1843,  who  survives  him  with  one  son  and 
two  daughters. 

Pritchett,  Edward  Corrib.— Bom  October  19, 
1812,  in  Vizagipatan,  India,  the  son  of  Rev. 
Edward  Pritchett  an  English  missionary.  Left 
an  orphan  in  early  childhood,  he  lived  in 
England  until  about  21  years  of  age  when  he 
came  to  America.  He  was  graduated  at 
Amherst  College  1836;  ordained  by  the  Presby- 
tery of  Oneida  1839 ;  fulfilled  an  earnest  ministry 
in  several  churches,  his  longest  pastorate  being 
in  Oriskany,  N.  Y.  He  was  Chaplain  at  the 
front  during  the  war  for  three  years;  died  at 
Utica,  N.  Y.,  May  13, 1892.  Married  Sophia 
Lawson  of  Utica,  N.  Y.,  who  died  in  1882.  His 
surviving  children  are  Hon.  George  E.  1  ritcbett 
of  Denver,  Col.,  Mrs.  Sophia  Tallmadge  and 
Miss  Caroline  M.  Pritchett,  of  Utica,  N.  Y. 

Clelland,  Thomas  H.,  D.D.— Bom  in  Mercer 
County,  Ky.,  Dec.  19,  1816;  graduated  from 
Centre  College,  1888;  attended  I^ane  Seminary, 
two  years  and  Princeton  one;  ordained  by  the 
Presbytery  of  Transylvaniii,  Nov.  12, 1841 ;  took 
charge  of  a  church  at  Lebanon,  Ky.,  and  Bethel 
Church,  a  few  miles  from  Lebanon;  with  the 
latter  he  remained  until  1857,  with  the  former 
until  1870;  preached  in  Lawrence,  Kan.,  until 
disabled  by  rheumatism ;  resumed  the  work  of 
the  ministry  at  Stanford,  Perryville  and  Paint 
Lick;  took  charge  of  the  church  at  Peewee  Val- 
ley, 1886;  also  did  the  work  of  an  evangelist  in 
various  places;  died,  Jan.  12,  1892.  Married, 
May  17,  1842,  Miss  Mary  R.  Gibbe,  of  Maion 
County,  Ky.,  by  whom  he  had  two  sons  and 
three  daughters;  Jan.  11,  1866,  Miss  Louise  L. 


Howard  of  Bloomington,  111.,  by  whom  he  had 
one  son  and  one  daughter,  and  who  survives 
him  with  all  his  childrein  except  one. 

Walker,  Auexandbr.— Bom  in  Elirkoswald, 
County  Ayr,  Scotland,  Feb.  27, 1840;  converted 
and  joined  the  Presbyterian  church  in  his  native 
town,  1855;  studied  for  the  ministry  under 
Daniel  Elirbotham,  and  licensed  to  preach  by  the 
Independent  church;  having  come  to  this 
country,  was  ordained  by  the  Presbsrtery  of 
Osage  (now  the  Presbytery  of  Ksmsas  City), 
April  23,  1878;  pastor  at  Lipton,  Mo.,  1873-1883. 
pastor  at  Butler,  Mo.,  1883-1889;  Synodicel 
missionary  of  Missouri,  1880-1892;  died,  Butler 
Mo.,  June  11,  1892.  Married  Miss  Agnes 
Hannah,  Liverpool,  Eng.,  Feb.  14,  1863.  His 
wife,  six  sons  and  two  daughters  survive  him; 
two  other  sons  died  in  infancy. 


Q^ooil  (Uoitces. 


Indian  Oems  for  the  Master's  Crown.  This  little 
volume  describes  the  experience  of  a  small  and 
peculiar  sect  of  Hindus,  who,  having  become  poe- 
essed  of  a  partial  knowledge  of  Christ  through  a 
tract  which  fell  in  their  way,  began,  in  great  blind- 
ness and  ignorance,  to  worship  Him,  almost  an 
"unknown  Gkxi."  Subsequently,  they  received 
instruction  from  a  missionary,  accepted  Christi- 
anity, and  gave  touching  evidence  of  the  steadfast- 
ness of  their  faith,  even  in  the  face  of  bitter  perse- 
cution. The  book  also  contains  the  biography  of  a 
Hindu,  who,  for  Christ^s  sake,  left  relatives  and 
friends  to  preach  the  gospel  to  his  countrymen. 
Published  by  Fleming  H.  Revell  Co.,  New  York 
and  Chicago. 

Butler^s  Bible  Work. — Two  more  volumes  have 
been  issued— Vols.  V.  and  VI.  of  the  Old  Testament. 
Two  on  the  New  Testament  were  issued  in  1878. — 
With  unwearying  diligence  Dr.  Butler  pursues  his 
"endeavor  to  meet  the  needs  of  the  large  class  of 
intelligent  persons  who  have  neither  time  nor  taste 
for  extended  statements  or  discussions,  and  who  de- 
sire matured  thoughts  set  in  few  and  acceptable 
words." 

The  fifth  volimie  is  on  Psalms  LXXIII-CL.,  and 
the  sixth  on  Job,  Proverbs,  Ecclesiastes  and  The 
Song  of  Songs. — Octavovolumesof  over  500  pages.— 
Published  by  the  Butler  Bible-work  Company,  85 
Bible  House,  New  York. 


RECEIPTS. 

Synods  in  small  oapitals;  Preebyterles  in  italie;  Chnrches  in  Roman. 


ssv  «.-  is  of  great  importance  to  the  treamrerB  of  all  the  boards  that  when  money  is  sent  to  them,  th« 
mane  of  the  church  from  which  it  comes,  and  of  the  presbytery  to  which  the  church  belongs,  flhould  be 
distinctly  written^  and  that  the  person  sending  should  sign  his  or  her  name  distinctly,  with  proper  title,  e,  g.. 
Fouiar^  Trecuwrer,  Miss  or  Jtfrs.,  as  the  case  may  be.  Careful  attention  to  this  'vnll  save  much  trouble.and 
perhaps  prevent  suious  mistakes. 


KEGEHrrS  for  OOIiliEOES  AND  ACADEMIES,  MAY,  1892. 

BAvnuoBK.—New  Cattle— Zion,                                5  00  Okkook. —South  Oregon— Myrtle  Creek,  2.  East  Oregon 

OoLORAOo.— Puerto— Pueblo,  Ist,                               8  84  -^Union,  S.                                                            .           4  00 

Illinois.— CT^icopo— Chicago  4th,  50;  —  9th,  8;  —  Ridge-  Pkknsylvawia.— BtotrtwZte— Beulab,  17  76     CarlUU— 

way  Avenue.  1:  E^anston  Ist,  61  85;  Glenwood,  1 ;   High-  Lebauon  Christ,  88  66.  CUeeter—Btyn  Mawr,  78  06.  Clarion 

laodParlL  Id  66;  Homewood,  1.  ^eeporf- Galena  South,  — Mavsvllle,  8  68.    £Hc— Franklin,  80  75.    Kittanning-^ 

84  57.    Peoria— Sparland,  4  70.    Schuyler  —  Warsaw,  8.  Rural  Valley,  6.    Lacilcauxinna— Langclyffe,  88  SO;  Scran- 

iSipriniZ/ie2d->Springfleld  1st,  6  18.                               178  40  ton  8d«  168  51.    L«Ah7A— Portland,  8;   Reading  Washings 

Indiana.— J^.  ITayiM— KendallvlUe,  11 80.  IndianapolU  ton  Street,  8;   Upper  Mt.  Bethel.  8.    Horth-umberland— 

—Bethany,  4  86;   Indianopolis  7th,  2.     White  WtUer^  Muncy,  6.    PAikufe/pftta— Memorial,  44;    —  West  Spruce 

College  Comer,  6.                                                          88  06  Street  861  80.    PftMmry^ -Lebanon,  6;   Pittsburgh  6th, 

Indian  TBRRiroaT.—CAicilRUaio— Oklahoma  aty,     1  00  4;   —  East  Liberty,  88;  —  Park  Avenue,  6.    Redttoni— 

Iowa.— Iowa  City— BetbeH,                                        0  78  Dawson,  4;  Fairchance.  5  25:  Tyrone,  8.   Shenango—Uer- 

Kansas.— JAitporio— £1  Paso,  8  74.    Lamed— Burrton,  mon,  1;  West  Middlesex,  5  01.    Tre2/<6oro— OouderBport, 

8  77.    Topefeo— Kansas  City  Ist,  16  00.                        88  41  0.    TTecfmifwfer— Columbia,  17  76;   Lancaster  Memorial, 

KsNTCCKT.—J27>en«rer— Newport  Ist.                         5  00  1  60;  New  Harmony,  5.                                               888  96 

Missouri.— P)[i^myra—UnlonTille,  8.    Pfa<<e— Maryville  Utah.— PTood  i^iver- Nampa,                                    1  00 

M,  81  90.                                                                        84  90  Washinoton.— Olympta^Ridgefleld,                         8  00 

Nebraska.- JVe6ra«to  Of fy— Lincoln  8d,  18  70.  Niobrara  Wisconsin.— ift/ioauifcec— Racine  1st,                       88  40 

— MUlerboro,  1;   Norden,   1.    OmoAa- Omaha  Castellar  

Street,  5  01.                                                                 85  71  Total  receired  from  churches  Sabbath-schools. S    1,781  63 

Nkw  jBitsBT.—£lisabef  A— Elizabeth  1st,  80  80:  Laming- 

ton,  16.    AforH«  and  Oranoe— Madison,  78  S2;   Mendham  personal. 

1st,  5  85;  Morristown  South  Street,  84  64.  Netoark—Kew-  Religious    Contribution    Soc'y    of    Princeton 

ark  Park  sab-sch,  50  58.    New  Brunswick— Treaton  4tb,  TheoL  Sem'y,  81  76;  C,  Penna.,  8 84  76 

10.  886  OJ 

New  Tobx.— ^Urany-Oalway,  1.    Gayupo-^Oenoa  let,  interest. 

18  60.    OetMiKft— Seneca  Castle,  1  68.    ^udaon— Chester  Semi-annual  interest  on  a  part  of   **  Martha 

sab-scb,  8.    New  For^— New  York  let,  70  48;  —  Allen         Adanos  fund,''  due  May  1, 1808 14  00 

Street,  1 ;  —  Bohemian,  5;  —  Washington  Heights,  85  58. 

North  i^tVer^-Oanterbury,  16  48:  Poughkeepsle  Ist,  9  96.  legacy. 

St   LauM'-ence— Watertown  let,  75  75.    ^eu6en— Pratts-  Legacy  of  Mrs.  Hannah  H.  Foster,  Mahopac, 

burgh  Ist,  4  59.    Westchester— Vowa&ridge,  4.  889  05  N.  Y. 12  00 

Ohio.— ilfAetu— Middleport  Ist,  5.    Colum^mx— Colum-  

bus  8d,  80  06.    i>aytan— Hamilton  1st,  5  80.    Maumee—      Total  receipts  for  May,  1898 $    1,888  45 

Toledo  Westminster,  16  49     St.  CXair^viUe- Bannock,  8; 

Concord,  8;  New  Athens,  8;  Powhatan,  1;  West  Brooklyn,  C.  M.  Cbarnlet.  TrecuureVy 

1.                                                                                       66  75  P.  O.  Box  894,  Chicago,  HI. 


RECEIPTS  FOR  THE  BOARD  OF  OHUROH  ERECTION,  MAY,  1892. 


Atlantic.— £ltM<  Florida— San  Mateo,  40  00 

Baltimore.— ficUh'more— Baltimore  Brown  Memorial, 
108  70;  Frederick  City,  4  50.  New  CasOe-Rock,  5;  Zion, 
10.  188  80 

Colorado.— Boulder— Berthoud  1st,  5.  Denver— Little- 
ton, 4  87.    Pu«6io-tCanon  aty  1st,  100;  Pueblo  let,  8  18. 

118  99 

Illinois.— ^Zfoit— Greenville,  5;  Raymond,  4  86.  Cairo 
—Nashville  Ist,  8.  CAicapo— Braldwood,  11  40;  Chicago 
6th,  65  08;  —  Emerald  Avenue,  7  06;  —  Rtdgeway,  1;  — 
River  Park,  1 ;  Lake  Forest,  160  90.  PsortOr-Eureka, 
18  11;  Sparland,  5.  Rock  J^ivev^-Norwood,  10.  Spring- 
field-Qnenriew  let,  10;  Springfield  1st.  57  87.         358  18 

Indiana.— M>r<  Wayn«— Fort  Wayne  8d,  9  86;  Kendall- 
vUe.  18  88.  Ifuncie— La  Gro.  8  66;  Muncie  let,  16  70. 
Ftncenne*- Washington,  6.  White  ITafer— Richmond 
1st,  18  80.  66  68 

Indian  TnuuTORT.-CAicfciuatD— Oklahoma  City,     5  00 

Iowa.— Iowa  Ci^— Bethel,  96  cts;  Tipton  1st,  4  68; 
Unity,  8  85.    Sioux  GV<yr-Aubum,  2  80.  11  78 

Kansas.- E^poWor-Conway  Springs,  4  50;  Mazon,  85 
cts.  ixtmed— Spearvllle,  8  88.  AeoiAo— Thayer  Ist,  5. 
Tbpelpa— Media.  8.  16  06 

KKNTUCKT.—£ben«eer— Newport  1st,  10  00 

MiomoAN.-De^rotl  —  Detroit  Jefferson  Avenue,  180; 
Holly,  5.  Lake  ^nerior— Marquette  let,  96  60.  Lansing 
-Marshall.  8  88.  888  48 

Missouri.— iTaiiMM  C</y— Kansas  City  8d,  78  76.  St. 
Louis— St.  Charles  Jefferson  Street  1st,  88  50.  Ill  86 

t  Under  minutes  of  Assembly,  1888. 


Nbbraska.- ^e&rcMto  Ct'^— Lincoln  8d  sab-sch,  8  30. 
JViobram— MUlerboro,  1;  Norden.  1;  Willowdale.  1.   11  CO 

New  JsRSKT^^Iuafret^-EUzabeth  8d  78  44;  Plalnfield 
Crescent  Avenue,  850  80.  Jersey  C»7y— Jersey  City  8d, 
16  85.  Afonmcm^A— Lakewood,  61  10;  Oceanic,  4.  Morris 
and  Oranye— Boonton  let,  0  69;  East  Orange  Ist,  808  66. 
iVeiiNirik— Caldwell,  88  70.  New  BruiMirtcil:— Frenchtown, 
18  89;  HoUand,  6  55;  LambertvlUe,  40;  Milford.  84;  Tren- 
ton Prospect  Street,  81.    iVeti^ton^Bloomsbury,  10  89. 

781  16 

Nsw  York.— i4  r6any— Corinth,  4;  Galway,  1:  Prince- 
town,  15  69;  Rockwell  Falls,  8.  BrooMyn— Brooklyn 
Throop  Avenue,  111 ;  —  Trinity  sab-Bch,  5.  Cayuga-  Port 
Byron.  8.  CTuxmptom— Chasy,  11  77.  G«n«va— Geneva 
1st,  14  51;  Romulus,  10  78;  Seneca,  17  81.  Hudson— 
Cochecton,  5  07.  Long  JitoYid— Setauket,  88.  Naf>au— 
St.  Paul's  German,  4.  New  York— Hew  York  14th  Street, 
86  45;  —  Allen  Street,  1;  —  Rutgers  Riverside,  185  83;  — 
Westminster.  West  88d  Street,  17  88.  North  River— 
Poughkeepsle  Ist,  18  88  i?ocAe«ter— Sparta  8d  ("G.,'' 
through  the  Christian  Steward).  1  40.  St.  Lawrence— 
Brownville,  8;  Potsdam,  80.  ^eu&«f»— Howard,  7.  Syror 
ciue— Onondaga  Valley,  4  65.  Utica  —  Boonville,  6  47; 
Utica  Bethany,  88;  Waterville,  6  95.  TTe^^cAM^er- Bridge- 
port 1st,  48;  Poundridge,  4.  559  88 

Ohio.— ^<A«n«  —  Miadleport  1st.  5.  Belief ontaine — 
Bellefontaine  1st,  8 15;  Crestline,  5  67.  Cincinnati- Bond 
Hill,  9:  Cincinnati  8d,  5.  Coittm5u«— Westerville,  5.  Day- 
fon-CoUinsviUe,  8:  Greenville  Ist.  18;  Hamilton  Ist,  10 19; 
Riley,  8.  Ltma-Sidney,  80.  Jfaumee-Toledo  Ist,  48  19; 
—  Westmhister,  18  88.    St.  CtotrwtTte— Antrim,  9;   Con- 

1  !•> 


176 


Education. 


[Avffust, 


copd,  8;  Powhatan,  85  cts;  West  Brooklyn,  1.  Steuben- 
vUle—mat  Sprinfl^fleld.  4  85.  Wooster—Wooater  West- 
minster, 12  54.  ^nesviUe-Z&nesrme  2d,  15  87.  198  18 
ORB<K>y.—Pbrfiand— Portland  St.  John's,  8  25.  Wilki- 
mette—AXbviy  1st,  5.  18  25 

Pacific— Bentcia—Mendoclno,  15.    Oakland—BerlcXey 
Ist,  20  10.    San  Jo«e— San  Luis  Obispo,  10.  45  10 

FsssaYhYxviA.— Allegheny— Concord,  1  50.    BlaireviUe 
— Oonemaugh,  8.    Butler— Bailer,  32  28;    Rehoboth,  1; 
Westminster,   1  58.     Carlisle  -  Harrisburgh  Olivet,  7; 
Lebanon  Christ,  118  21.    C/iej^er— Ashmun,  15;  Fairview, 
5.    CtoWon-Beech  Woods,  29  85;  Rockland,  1  50.    Erie 
—Bradford  Ist,  86  02:  Mill  VUlage,  8.  Hun«npdon— Dun- 
cansville,  1;  Sprhig  Creek,  8.    Kittanning— Ford  City,  2. 
LacAmiMinna— Plymouth,  15;  Susquehanna  Depot  Ist,  8; 
Tunkhannock,  11.    Lehigh— Reading  Washington  Street, 
2.    Northumberland— Jersey  Shore,  15.    FhUadelphia— 
Philadelphia  10th,  188:   —Gaston,  21;   -West  Spruce 
Street,  201  89.   Philadelphia  North -Eddington,  7.   Pitts- 
burgh—Bethel  80;  Ingram.  6  25;  Pittsburgh  1st,  829;  — 
East  Liberty,  82;  —  Park  Avenue,  7  50.    i?«d«<one- Little 
Redstone,  7  28:  Rehoboth,  11  82.    SAcnanjio— Leesburgh, 
2;  West  Middlesex,  2  71.    Weetminster-Laiicester  Me- 
morial, 8  10.  1,156  44 
South  Dakota.- Central  DaJicofa— Madison,  8  11.    Da- 
kota—FlandretM  1st,  2;   Raven  Hill,  1;   Mayasan,  1  50; 
White  River,  2;  Wood  Lake,  1.   Southern  DoJbota— Oanis- 
tota,  4.  14  61 
Tennsssee.— Uhton— Centennial,  8;  Tabor,  8.  6  00 
Texas.— ^orf^   Texcu— Canadian,   2;    Mobeetie,  2  60. 
IVint^-Albanv  L.  Soc;y,  1.                                         5  60 
Utah.— TTood  i?tver— Nanipa,  8  00 
WASHiNOTON.—OZvmpta— Toledo,  1;  Woodland,  4.    6  00 
Wisconsin.— 5fad2iion—tPulaski  Oerman,  40.    Milu>au- 
fcee— Milwaukee  Calvary,  27  97.                                    67  97 

Total  from  churches  and  Sabbath-schools $   8,948  48 

other  contributions. 

"Anon,"  Easton,  Pa.,  1;  Rev.  L.  B.  Crittenden, 
2:  **C.,"  Penna.,  4:  J.  B.  Davidson,  NewvlUe, 
Pa.,  10:  "  Hapland,"  50;  "R.  C.  S.,"  Prince- 
ton Theological  Sem'y,  N.  J.,  29  01 


leoacibs. 

Estate  of  John  McConnell,  late  of  Rock  Island, 
Ills.,  424  60;  Estate  of  Mrs.  Hannah  H.  Foster, 
late  of  Mahopac  Falls,  N.  T.,  16 440  60 

miscellaneous. 

Interest  on  investment $  69  50 

Plans  and  specifications 40  00 

Sale  of  Book  of  Designs  No.  5 151 

Partial  loss  recovered 86  18 

Premiums  of  insurance 228  72        870  86 

special  donations. 

New  York.— BuiTalo— Buffalo  Ist  "Woman's 
arcle,"  25.    TOca-New  York  Mills,  18 48  00 


$    4,896  90 

Church  collections  and  other  contributions, 
April  and  Mav,  1892. $    7,469  69 

Church  collections  and  other  contributions, 
April  and  May,  1891 6,054  06 

MAH8B  FirVD. 

MicHiOAN.—D«froif— Detroit  Jefferson  Avenue.  $       80  00 

miscellaneous. 

Installments  on  loans $580  00 

Interest 62  46 

Premiums  of  insurance 16  41         658  87 


$       66887 


96  01 


t  Under  minutes  of  Assembly  of  1888. 


If  acknowledgment  of  any  remittance  is  not  found  in 
these  reports,  or  if  they  are  inaccurate  in  any  item,  prompt 
advice  snoula  be  sent  to  the  secretary  of  the  Board,  slving 
the  number  of  the  receipt  held,  or,  in  the  absence  of  a  re- 
ceipt, the  date,  amount  and  form  of  remittance. 

Adam  Campbell,  Treaeurer. 
58  Fifth  Avenue,  New  York. 


RBOEIPTS  FOR  m>UGATION,  MAY,  1892. 


Atlantic— ^eZanftc-Charleston  Wallingford,        1  05 
BAhTiuoRE.— New  Castle— Read  of  Christiana,  5;  Rock, 
6;  Zion,  15.    Washington  City— Washington  City  Assem- 
bly, 19.  "  *  47  00 
Colorado.— Pu«6Io— Pueblo  Ist,  1  95 
Illinois.— Chicago— Chicago  5th,  10  25;  —  8th,  62  59;  — 
Ridgeway  Avenue,  1;    Morgan  Park,  8  50.    Freeport— 
Argyle,  29  20.    Peon'a-Sparland,  5;   Yates  City  1st,  5. 
iScAuyter— Perry,  2  50.                                                   119  04 
Indiana.— Oaii7/ordn;t/l«— Bethany.  10.    Indianapolis 
—Indianapolis  7th,  8.    ix>^an«x>rt— South  Bend  1st,  25. 
Ifuncte-Muncie  Ist,  6  85.                                              44  86 
Indian  Territory.— CAicXMuau; -Oklahoma  City,     1  00 
loWA.— /oioa— LIbertyvIlle,  2;  Ottumwa  East  End,  2  85. 
Io%ca  City— Bethel,  60  cts;  Scott,  6.                              10  95 
Kansas.- JJmporia-Mazon,  80  cts.  Iximed— ElUnwood, 
2.  2  80 
Kentucky.— ^6en«zer—Newi)ort  1st,  5  00 
MicHiOAN.— i)e<r©«— HoUy,  5;   Milford  (Y.  P.  S.  C  E., 
56  02).  106  02.    lfonro«— Adrian  1st,  15.                       126  02 
Minnesota.— Afarfcaf  o—Ruahmore,  1  65 
Nebraska.— i^earnc^— Broken  Bow,  2  47.    Niobrara— 
Norden,l.    OmoAo— Omaha  2d.  8  75.                           12  22 
New  Jersey.— Ifonmout/i— Oceanic  1st,  8.    Morris  av^ 
Orangre— Mendham  2d,  12.  J\ret(?ar^*— Caldwell,  29  60.  New 
Brunswick— J^ew  Brunswick  1st,  42  18.    West  Jersey— 
Camden  2d,  7;  Haddonfleld  sab-sch,  27  60.                126  28 
New  York.— ^i6any—Oalway,  2.    £tn{r^m ton— Bain- 
bridge,  9;  Union,  2.    ]9o«<on— Roxbury,  12  89.   Hudson-^ 
Nyack  Ist,  26  75.    Lyon«— Wolcott  1st,  5  85.    Nassau— 
St.  Paul's  German,  4.  New  Forifc— New  York  Allen  Street, 
1 ;  —  Brick,  89  42;  —  Scotch,  80  60.    North  River— Fough- 
keepeie,  8  30.    Utica—New  Hartford,  7  50.    Westchester 
— Hugenot  Memorial,  89;  White  Plains,  26  06;  Yonkers 
1st,  IM  88.                                                                         418  60 
Oregon.- fV>rt{and— MIzpah,  5;  Albina  5.              10  00 
Ohio.— ^t^enj— Middleport,   5.     Bellefontaine—BeUe- 
fontaine  1st,  1  97;    Mount  Blanchard,   2.    Cincinnati- 
Cincinnati    2d    German,   4.     Dayton  •—  Hamilton,   7  70. 
Jtfarton- Ostrander,  9  50.    St.  ClairsvilU— Concord,  2  81. 
TTootfer— Orrville,  8;  Shelby,  1.    ZanesviUe—m,.  Zion,  7. 

48  98 

Pacific— £o«  Angeles— Santa  Monica,  5  60.    Oakland— 

Berkeley,  15  90.    San  Francisco— San  Francisco  Central 

Tabernacle,  7  50.  29  00 


Pennsylvania.— .4IZ«i7Aeny— New  Salem,  8.    BlairsviUe 
— McGinnls,  8.  CA«»ter— Dllworthtown,  1  84;  West  Grove, 
4  05.    ^ri«— Fredonia,  4  52;  Sandy  Lake.  2.    Huntinodon 
— Lemont,  4  50.    Kittanning  —  Ford  City,  1.    Lehtgh— 
Hazleton,  22  01.    P/iiTadeZp/iia— Philadelphia  8d,  60;  — 
Walnut  Street,  100.    Philadelphia  iViorf A— Eddlngton,  10. 
Pittsburgh— Foreat  Grove    Ladies  Soc'y.  8-   Knoxville, 
15  65;  Lebanon,  5;  Pittsburgh  Park  Avenue.  7  50.    Shen- 
an^o— Clarksville,  10  84;  West  Middlesex,  2  68.    Westmin- 
ster—Lancaster Memorial,  1.  ^MO  27 
South  Dakota.— Dafeota—Flandreau  Ist,  1;  Mayasan, 
1  50;  Mountain  Head,  1;  White  River,  1.    Southern  Da- 
kota—Good  Will,  8  93;  Parker,  5.  18  48 
Utah.— Wood  Rjwcr— Nampa,  2  00 
Washington.— 0/ympta— Toledo.  1;  Ridgefield,  8.    4  00 
Wisconsin.- Afodtson- Highland  German,  8  20;  Pulaski 
German  (sab-sch,  4),  5  18.    Winnebago— Florence^  18  86. 

27  19 

Receipts  from  churches  in  May,  1892 %    1,280  42 

Receipts  from  Sabbath-schools  in  May,  1892. ...  82  63 

ToUl $    1,818  05 

LEGACIES. 

Estate  of  John  McConnell,  Rock  Island,  III., 
424  60;  Mrs.  Hannah  H.  Foster,  10 434  60 

INCOME  ACCOUNT. 

262  50 862  50 

refunded. 

Rev.  Jno.  Montgomery,  85;  87;  10 82  00 

gratitude  fund. 

10;  10;  10;  15;  26;  20;  25;  5 120  00 

miscellaneous. 

Hapland,  100:  Rev.  L.  B.  Crittenden,  2;  Relig- 
ious Contribution  Soc'y,  Princeton  Sem'y, 
18  13;  C  Penna.,  2 1«  18 

Total  receipts  in  May,  1 892 $    2,884  28 

Total  receipts  from  April  16, 1892  10,729  60 

Jacob  Wilson.  Treasurer, 

1384  Chestnut  St.,  Philadelphia. 


1892.] 


Foreign  JtlUsions. 


RECEIPTS  FOR  FOREIGN  HIBSIONS,  HAY,  1802. 


Bii-TiMOiii;.— BoIdDiore  —  B*ltlriiore  Aihlaod  («b-«ch. 
10;  —  BrowD  Urmortal.  StS  US.  A>u  Catdc— Cbeupvake 
City  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  »iipport  of  W.  J.  Dougbly,  18;  ZIon, 
ST.     WaMhingtm  Cifv~Wuhlngton  at;  AmmUj,  IS. 

It.  liSI 

...    OTlUe   GennMtown   u>b- 

CB.  IT.  CfiVoffo— Chlcaso  1st,  ESS  7B;  —  Id,  SfiOj  — 
LMEevay  ATeoue.  a-.  —  KItcf  Puk,  \\  Pullmui  ubHcb. 
.  Oltaiwl-Troj  (Jrove,  4.  Boc*  «iwr-Al*doY.  P.  t 
I.  E,^;  MoirlHonubacta.  Sia:PenlelHb^ach,5.  Schuy 


E.,  40  ^.Kon 

iNDUHi.— CraWordivflle— Pnlrie  Centre.  10  SS.  In- 
dionapoKi-areeDcaetle  Y.  P.  B.  C.  E.,  II  TA;  Indluiapolll 
TftbernicleY.  P.  S,  C.  E..  ».  Loganiporl-Vi^ioa.  *10. 
Jfuncic- Hartford  Oty  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  IT:  Muncle,  tS  n. 
Nftc  .Jlbonv-New  Albany  !iJ,  —  —  ""  " 


■ioD  L.  M.  t 


Lime  Spring"  Y.  P. 


—Chifrokfe  ^ 


I- Park  HUl  Mli- 


'?ciy:- 


ringY. 
1430. 


I>u6ugii«— 
■alrfleld  Y.  P. 
^tv— Betbel,  8  K:    Columbua  Cen 
8  SO:   DavenportMY.  P,  8.  C.  E., 


i;  Wlllowdale,  1 


,— Omabasa 


-Bloomfleld  lit.  ir?]  M;    Mon 


wHaxiix 


1— Toml 


».    Col  umMa-Cst>k  1 11,  183 
58  SS;  —  Y.  M.  MUa'j  Boc-y, 
■ab4:h,  13  rs.    (leneva-Oea.  . 
B9  B!;  TrumaoeburRb,  Stfrfifn 


keepcle.  54  n 
0(»eou— T*— 


IIT  W;  —  Walnut  Hills  1st,  It  16;  Mount  Carmel  lab-ecb. 
TGO;  Springdaleub-Kb,  S.  ClnwIand-OevelaDdBtik- 
wllb,  ««:  — Woodlaod  ATniue,for  J,  J.  Walsh.  12,  Doy- 
ton— Dayton  3d  Street  aalxcli,  83  81;  Homilion,  M  «&; 
Riley,  a.  AfaAtming—UauillOB  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E .  IS  tO. 
ifoumw— Toledo  WestmlnstM,  88  87.  Si.  ClQiriMHe— 
ADlrtm,  8;  Concord.  4  8S;  Bt.  CtalrsiiUe.  40:  —  wb-ecb, 
IS;  West  Brooklyn, 8.  SfeubenWUe— Long'sHun  aab-sch, 
8  TS:  New  Cumberland,  4.  tTHufer— Nashville  ub-scb, 
10;  Bhelby,  7.  ZanuuiUe— Cbandlentllle,  18;  DimcsQ's 
Falla,  18  81:  Newark  Balem  German,  8  89;  ZaneiTlIle 
Putnam.  80  ST. 

Orxooh.— faif  Oivgon— Union,  B  18.    pDriland— Port- 
land Chinese,  4  St;  Albina,  888;  —  sab-ech.  10;  ~  Uiuion, 


180  TO       San  FraDcisco 


■-Bal. 


.  18  00 


rLTAi<u.—..llI(aAenv-A11egtifiiyiacClure  Avenue 
1.  E..  M:  —  Wealmlniter  sab-sth,  4  18.    Blairt. 


hobolh.  I.     CariUtc—OnU,  Cone 


8  [8;  Falrtlew  sab-scb,  4.     Wall 

loria— WIcblta  t 

iilel  lab-sch.  1  BO:  Bailejvl 

,_-,-;    lolaY.P.S.C.  E.,  BflT;    .„_^„.. 

Topcfeo— Lawrence.  41  lU:   Topeka  Westminster  sab-scb. 
a  ST:  KannasCitvlBtBabsch,  8B.  106  88 

KsMTOTiir.—iCoeTieier— Newport  ISC,  B.  Tramatttonia 
—Faint  Uck,  14  0«.  10  08 

MicBioAK.-Defroii— Detroit  Covenant,  »  08:  —  Jeffer- 
son ATenuo,  60:  NorthTllle.  fl;  South  Lyon,  81  87.  Oratid 
Bopjdi— Orud  Rapids  Mission  Wood  Y.  P.  B.  C.  E.,  8. 
Lakr  auperlor -Ifmiimf*,  II;  Menominee,  J.  Cnrrer.  10. 
Lamina— Windsor,  T.  So((iBaio-Bay  City  let,  SO;  Saici- 
saw  West  Side  1st,  411  BB.  M9  TO 

Mlii!™soT..—Monfto(o— Woodstock  Y.  P.  8.  a  E..  I. 
B(.  FDuJ-HBel!Dgs,T.     H'tnonu— Austin,  8.  1100 

MiBsouRi.-Oiort  — Springflfld  Calvary  aab-scb,  86. 
fDfniuTa— Bell  Porter  Memorial.  1:  Boynlon.  1.  Plaile— 
MaryFlUe  M,  8;   ParkvUle,  "auElder,"  40;  —  lakeside 

Xi;BRAaKA.-Ho«(iiiBi-HastlBg«,  9T  cts;  —  Y.  P.  B,  C. 
E.,  10.  ffeam«- Kearney.  48:  Farwell.  8.  Jfefernsfco 
Oitv-Uncalntdsab-scb,  (TIO.    JViobraro— Hillerboro.  8; 

.,__j.^    ..  ™,.. J.I.    .        ,. ..      ^_.v-n,j  ^]^gjj^  (. 


I,  80.  CAriffi^Avondale,  IS  BO;  Honey  brook.  01  uil; 
Wayne,  lOO;  Walllngford  Y.  P.  B.  C.  E.,  K1  84.  £rie- 
Irrfnelon.  4  BO;  TltusTlile.  101  88.  flnnfinBdon-Blrmins- 
ham  Warrior^!  Mark  Chapel,  1388;^ Hollldaysburgh.  1714; 

Mini 


;l«o- 


TIBNIMIE.— flfrminpAom-Tbomaa  Y.  P.  G 
L'nlon-Kew  Balem,  6;  Sptlng  Place,  10. 

UTlH.-Ctoft-OgdenTf.  P.  S.  C.  E..  11  45; 
aty  Ist,  101; TT.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  40  85.     Il'o 


—  Lowe  Annuo,  4  10. '    '  90  *i 

New  Jirbet.— £Iii<il>elA-Plainfleld  let  lab-acb,  BO;  — 
Creacent  Avenue  sab-scb,  50;  BprlnKfleld.  15.  jersey  CHIy 
— Jeraey  City  Ist  sab-scb,  SO;  —  Wealmlnster  sab-scb, 
85  8S,  MonmoiilA-FarminKdale.  10;  Long  Branch  Y.  V. 
B.  C.  E..  18  04.  Morrii  and  Otinw— BoonCOD.  18  80; 
East  Orange  Ist,  primary  Class.  50;   Mine  Hill  Y.  P.  S.  C. 

E.,  8;  Morristown  1st.  45<  BO; aab-scb.  89  8T:  —  Bouth 

Street,  Men  and  Boys'  Special 


WistONfliN.— yaiK. 


—  Beaver  Dam  Ist  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E. 


_d  Brook  sab^cb.  10; 
3.  C.  E.,8IS4.    1,4B8B8 
.      ._     .  me,  8  00 

niw  loai.— ^lianu-ScbenecUdy  let  sab-scb,  81  49. 
BoiioB— Roibury  Y.  P.S.C.  E,,18.  BrooUvTv— Brooklyn 
Claason  Avenue.  TOO:  — Lafayette  Avenue.  £)80;  — Soulh 
Bd  Street,  83  50;  —  Tbroop  Acenue,  68,  BiUToki— Buffalo 
North.  B^fll.  CnirtiKa  —  Cayuga  Y.  P.  S.  C.  P~-  s  «> 
Champlain-Fe-  ~  "     "• -     .      -    . 


Estate  of  L.  C.  Barkdull.  dec'd,  500:  Estate  of 
Joo.  McConnell,  dec'd.4S4  10:  Estateof  Frit- 
clUa  Miller,  dec'd.  4TB;  Estate  of  Eliza  Nel- 
SOD,  dec'd.  100;  Estaie  of  Mary  F..  Flits. 
dec-d.  IBO;  Estate  of  Mra.  Hannah  H.  Fester, 
dec'd.  86;  Interest  oo  Samuel  Utter  bequest. 


•tj7— Elmira  Lake  Street, 


.    Hudson— Good  10:   , 


ollj'e  dimi 
Cleveland, 


Ohio,  8;   "Mr*.  0„" 


Willsab-sch.  10;  Oreenbufiissb-scL,  ...   „ _. 

P.  8,  C.  E..  B,    Long  ftiand— Fort  Jefferson.  IS  58.  Lyoni 

~ -  "         i-Babylon    Union  sab-sch 

....   ..      .    _t.Faul'aae»inan,4;  While- 

g.v"'^  lu  »».  <-cie  V^DTft— New  York  Brick.  800;  —  Harlem 
sab-scb.  45;  —  Rutgers  Riverside,  for  H.  Jacot,  180  (IT;  — 
Westminster  West  8Sd  Street,  8  BO.  JVf a0ara~  Lockport 
isl,  support  of  MIn  Murray,  88  60,  ^or(A  KItvr— Amenla 
-^  „  J  „  „    ■■  «.    Newbiirgh  Calvary.  14  88;    Pough- 


Merle  Smith,  New  York..  SO;  Sam'l  B.  Turner. 
Quincy.  111..  100;  "Disciple."  1:  Beecher 
Wheeler,  5;  Rev.  E.  P.  Robinson.  Orchard 
-     ■     SBO;   J.  F.  Wilson,  Spring  Hills. 


Valley.  »4  5T,   RocAMter— Pittsford,  18  80. 
:e— Brown  vllle,  8  73,     Surocwe— Cazenovla, 

.,.   7VoK-Hoosi.*Fall8.7i01.     WitclittlfT— 

BedronI  Y.  P.  B,  C.  K..  8;  Fattenon,  18  SO,  8,640  «0 

Ohto.— Bel(e/on*o(n*-Belle(ont»lEc.  18  01.  Cfnrtnnnfi 

-Bond  Bill.  11;   CindDDali  etb  sab-tcb.  10;   -  Cenlml, 


^rsoV 

W.  W.  Torre 

Afrieni 

0;  Foc'yof 

^"■e^^os^iin^.'^S;^ 

7«'7t^ 

?™"'"4T^ 

u-lbut.  Vl 

jVi 

ImlBTv,  Hamilton. 

Ban  Jose,  Cal,,  B;  mnceion  ineo.  Bem  y. 
support  of  Hugh  Taylor.  Mi  ~;  Stereopii- 
con  for  Syria.  ST  48;  S.  E.  Dougberiy.  Boston. 
Mass.,  6;  Miss  Anna  V.  Peblces.  Holllns,  Vs., 


178 


Freedmen — Home  Missions, 


\_Angitst, 


85;  " E.  J. ,"  Pittsburgh,  WO;. A.  P.  Loflran, 
Bedford,  Nova  Scotia,  10;  Miss  C.  G.  Nelson, 
lDdl»  Run,  Pa.,  60:  I.  N.  Field,  Manchester, 
England,  1,000:  "  Mite  box  M.  L.  C,  2  S5; 
Miss'y  Soc'y  of  Mary  Allen  Seminary,  15;  W. 
A.  McDowell,  Denver,  Colo.,  8:  Dr.  J.  Arm- 
strong, Alliance.  Ohio.  6;  *'For  Yamagucbi,^' 
2  25;  T.  and  M..  Chicago,  8;  J.  W.  Smith, 
Doniphan,  Neb.,  20;  Religious  Contribution 
Society  of  Princeton  Theo.  Sem*y,  119  68; 


"C,  Penna..  22;  Geo.  R.  Steams,  M.  D.,  6; 
Bandegan-i-Khoda,  Persia,  50;  J.  D.  I^rnde, 
160;  From  Zahlih  and  Meshgorra  churches, 
Byria.1875 2,961  05 

Total  receipts  during  May,  1802 $  15,150  85 

Total  receipts  during  May,  1891 85,134  74 

William  Dulles,  Jb.,  2Vea«urer, 

58  Fifth  Avenue,  New  York 


RECEIPTS  FOR  FREEDMEIf ,  MAY,  1892. 


Baltimore.  —  Baltimore  —  Frederick  City,  82.  New 
Castle— Rock,  2;  Zion,  5.  89  00 

Colorado.— Bou/der—Berthoud,  11.  PueWo—Pueblo, 
1  95.  12  95 

Columbia.— £cu^  Oregon— Union.  2.  PortZand— Port- 
land 1st,  885  10.  Olympia— Toledo,  1 ;  Rldgefleld.  2.    810 10 

Illinois.— Cfctcooo— Chicago  2d,  400;  —  4th,  848  55;  — 
Emerald  Avenue,  7  26;  —  Ridgeway  Avenue,  1.  Mattoon 
—Beck with  Prairie,  4.  Bock  River— Rock.  Island  Central 
(sab-sch,  2  75),  12  85.  7^8  16 

Indiana.— ia>rf  TTayne- LIgonier  (sab  sch,  1  26),  7  76. 
/ndmnopolis— Indianapolis  7th,  2.  ifuncie-Muncie,  6  50. 

16  26 

Indian  TERRrroRT.— C^tciboMiu;  —  Oklahoma  City,  1. 
Choctaw— Fer  Miss  Ahrens,  45;  Per  Mrs.  M.  E.  Crowe, 
28  90;  Per  Miss  Haymaker,  270.  339  90 

Iowa.— Fort  i>odye— Boone,  11  50.  lowoa  Oaf y— Bethel, 
60  cts.    TTaterZoo— Marshalltown,  5;  State  Centre,  8  S6. 

25  85 

Kansas.— .^mporto—Maxon,  40  cts;  Osage  City,  5  88. 
Solomon— Belleville,  4.  10  28 

Kentucky.— JS?ftcnc««r— Newport  1st,  5.  Transylvania 
—Richmond  2d,  10  20.  15  20 

Michigan.— 2>efrort— Holly,  2.  Jlfonro«  —  Clay  ton,  8; 
Dover,  8.  8  00 

Minnesota.— ifanJkato— Rush  more,  1  60.  St,  Paxil— 
Minneapolis  Andrew  Y.  P.  S.  C.  £.,  19  50.  14  10 

Missouri.- Pto«6— Maryville,  5  00 

Nebraska.- ATiobrara— MiUerboro,  1;  Norden,  1.     2  00 

New  J ebaky.— West  Jersey— Hammonton,  20  65 

New  York.— Albany— Albany  1st  sab-sch,  83  88;  May- 
field,  1.  ProoMyn— Brooklyn  Ross  Street,  48 16.  Buffalo 
— Buffalo  Lafayette  Street,  65  84.  Co2timMa— Jewett,  5. 
Hiicbon^-Greenbush,  5  92.  Long  /atoncf— Southampton, 
87  90;  Southhold  sab-sch,  53  80.  New  ForJI:— New  York 
Allen  Street,  8;  —Bohemian,  5.  i^Tiaparo— Niagara  Falls 
(sab-sch,  5  60),  15;  Wilson,  2.  North  i?iver— Poughkeep- 
sie,  8  80.  Oteeyo— Stamford,  10.  Rochester— Spe^A  2d, 
1  85.  St.  Lawrence  —  Sackett^s  Harbor,  5  41.  Troy— 
Waterford,  109  46.     Westchester— Foundridge,  8.     422  52 

Ohio.— .<l£/ien«— Mlddleport,  8.  ■  BefZe/ontatne— Belle- 
fontaine,  1  97.  Cincinnati— Delhi,  6  40.  i>ay<on— Ham- 
ilton, 14  25.  J/aumee— Toledo  Westminster.  16  81.  St. 
ClairsvilU — Concord,  1;  Lore  City,  2;  Powhatan,  1;  West 
Brooklyn,  1  02.  StevbenviUe—'Esa^  Liverpool,  2.  TTooA^er 
—Shelby,  1.  50  45 

Pacific— ZxM  ./In^e/ee— Anaheim,  5;  Santa  Monica,  6  10. 
Ooiktond- Berkel^,  14  25.  26  85 

Pennsylvania-  —  Chester  —  Media,  68  78.  Clarion  — 
Academia,  8  24.  JSWe— Ist  Mercer,  20.  Huntinqdon-^ 
Spring  Creek,  8.  iTittonntng— Apollo,  61;  Clarksburgh, 
5;  Ebenezer,  24;  Ford  City,  1.  LocvatMinnct— Carbondale, 
74  68.  Le/ity^— Reading  Washington  Street,  10.  Northum- 
berland—l}y  coming,  18.  PAt7ade(pA.ia— Philadelphia  8d 
Old  Pine  Street  sab-sch,  60;  —  Cohockshik  sab-sch,  12;  — 


Olivet  sab-sch,  19  75;  —  Tabernacle  sab-sch,  80  57;  — 
West  Spruce  Street,  268  80.  PhOadeiphia  North— Ed^nfs- 
ton,  5.  Pi'eto&uro^— Pittsburgh  East  Liberty,  80;  Point 
Breeze  sab-sch,  Mr.  Stephenson's  class,  75.  Bedstone-- 
Uniontown,  2&.  ^SAenan^o— ClarksviUe  sab-sch,  11  SH; 
Neshannock,  10  25;  Petersburgh,  8;  West  Middlesex. 
2  53,  WestmlTuter—Colamhla,  17  65;  Lancaster  Memo- 
rial, 2  67.  902  50 

South  Dakota.— Z>almta— Buffalo  Lake,  2  90;  Flandreau 
1st,  1;  Mayasan,  1  50;  Mountain  Head,  1.  Southetu 
I>aJto<o— Parker,  11.  17^0 

Utah.— Afontono  —  Helena  1st,  84  60.  ITood  River— 
Nampa,  8.  87  50 

Total  receipts  from  churches $    8,077  62 

MISCELLANEOUS.        • 

Woman's  Executive  Committee,  for  May, 
1,867  25;  Theol.  Sem'y,  N.  J.,  18  18;  '  C, 
Penn'a/'  8;  Legacy  of  Mrs.  Hannah  H.  Foster, 
dec'd,  late  of  Mahopac  Falls,  N.  Y.,  10;  James 
Snyder,  Morrison,  111.,  50;  Wm.  T.  Bartle, 
Cromwell,  Iowa,  5;  John  N.  Drake,  Brock- 

Sort.  N.  Y,  29;  Legacy  of  John  McConneJl, 
ecU  Rock  Island,  111.,  424  60;  Mrs.  T.  L 
Kennedy,  Shenango,  Pa.,  20;  Legacy  of 
Thomas  Steele,  dec'd,  late  of  Booneville,  O  , 
256;  Manhattan  Life  Insurance  Co.,  34:  "T. 
and  M,"  Chicago,  111.,  4  60;  "J.  W.  S.,*'  De- 
graff,  O.,  10;  Thomas  Cooper,  8  N.  Front  St , 
Philad'a.  Pa.,  5;  P.  Birrel,  Jr.,  58  Qriswold  St., 
Detroit,  Mich..  1 6 ;  James  Reed,  North  Benton, 
O.,  500;  Eliza  Hartford,  142  N.  7th  St..  Steu- 
benville.  O.,  40;  Chas.  E.  Edwards,  Peoria. 
HI.,  1;  Mrs.  Rob't  Ferguson.  245  Lenox  St., 
New  York,  25;  Rev.  L.  B.  Crittenden,  2 2,824  48 

DIRBOTS. 

Sent  to  Scotia:— Miss  H.  de  Brayn  Kops,  Phila., 
Pa..  15;  Mrs.  D.  J.  Waller.  Bloomsbuiv,  Pa.. 
45;  Miss  Laura  Waller,  Bloomsburgh,  Pa.,  45; 
Mrs.  S.  M.  Dickson,  Philad'a.  Pa.,  5*  Cbam- 

Slain  sab-sch,  N.  Y.,  15  27;   Merry  Workers, 
anton.  111.,  10;  Busy  Bee,  Negaune,  Mich., 
15 160  27 

ToUkl  receipts  for  May $    6,052  87 

Previously  reported 8,651  89 

Total  receipts  to  date $    8,706  76 

Receipts  during  corresponding  period  of  last 
year 11,114  04 

Decreaseof $   2,410  28 

J.  T.  Gibson,  Tretuurer. 


RECEIPTS  FOR  HOME  MISSIONS,  MAY,  1892. 


Baltimore.— BoZh'more  —  Ashland  sab-sch,  10.  New 
CewfZe— Delaware  City,  11  28;  Grace,  2;  Port  Deposit,  12; 
Rock,  25;  Zion,  87.  97  28 

Colorado.— Bounder  — Berthoud,  9;  Fort  Morgan  1st 
sab-sch,  12.  Puedto— Eastonville,  5;  Pueblo  1st,  11  70:  — 
Fountain,  5  80.  48  00 

iLLmois.— Btoomtngtofv— Bloomington  2d,  a  baL,  81  58. 
C^icai70— Chicago  1st,  112  26;  —  1st  German,  16;  Kenwood 
Evangdical,  862  72;  River  Forest  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  5;  River 
Park,l.  i^eeporf— Freeport2d,  18.  JfaMooTi— Taylorville, 
14.  Otto  loa— Troy  Grove,  4.  Peorto— Princeville  sab-sch, 
12  18;  Yates  City  1st,  10  64.  Schuyler— Terry  sab-sch, 
2  80.    Springfield— Vaaon  City  1st  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  2  88. 

598  06 

Indiana.— Fincenne«—Evansville  Grace,  20  50 

Indian  Territort. —OTieroibee  iVdf  ion— Afton,  5.  Chicken 
«at(H-Oklahoma  City,  10.    CAoctoti;- Lehigh,  8.         18  00 

Iowa.— CoutMJtl  Bluffs— mdrem  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E.,  2  80. 


Jotix»— Oakland,  2  50;  Wapella,  2  50.  Iowa  City— Bethel, 
8  60;  Davenport  2d,  26  47;  Fairview  sab-ach,  8.  Sioux 
City—M.asuU&,  6.  Waterloo— Kamrar,  10;  Rock  Creek 
German,  9.  64  87 

KAsaAB.—Highland—Axte\  sab-sch,  1  50;  Baileyviile,  2; 
Irving,  4.  iVeoa/io— Chetopa,  4  80;  Thayer  Ist,  5.  Osborne 
—White  Lily,  2  50.  Topeto— Kansas  City  Ist  sab-sch,  25: 
Topeka  Westminster  sab-sch,  2  48.  47  28 

Kentucky.— ^6efu;er— Newport  Ist,  5.  Transyivanic^— 
Mount  Pleasant,  10.  15  00 

Michigan.- 2>efrot(— Erin,  6;  Holly,  9;  NorthviUe  Ist, 
5;  South  Lyon,  28  67.  Flint— Undem  sab-sch,  1  97.  Orand 
Rapids— Grsjid  Rapids  Immanuel,  11 56;  —  Miasion  Wood 
Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  8.    Zantino— Windsor  Ist.  7.  78  19 

Minnesota.— Z>u/u<^— Samaria.  2  60.  Red  River— AsgoB 
sab-scdi,  11.  St.  PtivZ— Hastings,  4;  Minneapolis  Andrew. 
172  80.    TTtnono— Austin,  6.  196  Sd 

Missouri.— Pki^myra— Bell  Porter  Memorial,  2;  Boyn- 


1892.] 


Sadmtation, 


179 


ton,  8;  Qlaastown,  S;  Kirksville,  for  debt,  4  S5.    PUUte— 
Albany,  91  50;  Rockport,  1  60.    St.  Loui«— Nazareth  Ger- 
man, 4;  Zion  German,  8.  21  25 
SKBtLAKA.—Hcutings— Hastings  Ist,  a  bal.,  S  47;  Mar- 

?uette,8.  ITtforn^y— Farwell,  6.  Nebraska  Ctty—l-LuhbeUt 
51 ;  Lincoln  Sd  aab-sch,  8  40.  Niobrara  ^  MiUerboro 
(sab  sch,  8  )»),  15  05;  Niobrara,  18  50;  Norden,  7;  Willow- 
dale,  5.  66  93 

New  jEBSEY.—Elieabeth—TlaiaSield  Crescent  Avenue 
sab-sch,  60.  Monmouth  —  Burlington  sab-sch,  99  18; 
Forked  River,  5.  Morris  and  Orange  -Mine  Hill  T.  P.  S. 
C.  E.  2.  ZVetoarJb— Newark  Roseville,  167  88;  —Wood- 
side,  29  70.  Neus  BrwMwick—Boxmd  Brook  sab-sch,  10; 
Trenton  Prospect  Street,  85.  West  Jersey— Millville  sab- 
cb,  58  80.  448  45 

Nbw  Hbxioo.— ^WjTona^Rev  H.  J.  Ehlers.  10.  Rio 
Grande— Albuquerque  Ist  L.  M.  6.,  for  debt,  80.  Santa 
Fe— Mr.  J.  B.  Torres,  Sr.,  5.  85  00 

Nbw  York.— ^/6anv— Schenectady  Ist  sab-sch,  senio 
dep't,  63  8r.  Bmp^iamfofi— McGrawYille.  80.  Bo»Um^ 
New  Boston  1st,  \Z  50.  Broofciyn— Brooklyn  Ist,  160;  — 
Throop  Avenue  Soldiers  of  Christ  Mission  Band,  5.  Cayuga 
—Auburn  Central  (sab-sch,  4  09),  16  65.  CAemuny— Elmira 
Lake  Street,  17.  Columbia— Ashland,  10  17;  Hudson 
Y.  M.  MIss'y  Soc'y.  1 1  50.  Oenesee^BjTon  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E. ,  8. 
(Tenetxi— Trumansburgh,  Stephen  Stone,  6.  Hudson — 
Good  Will  sab-sch,  10.  Long  Atond  —  Brookfleld,  8; 
Speonk,  8.  I/yotu— Palmyra,  1;  Wolcott  Ist,  6  79.  ^omou 
—St.  Paul's  German,  4.  New  York  -New  York  Brick,  400; 
—  Central,  balance.  15;  —  Westminster  of  West  2ML 
Street,  8  50.  North  i?»«er— Newburgh  Calvary,  58;  Pough- 
keepeie,  49  80.  Otsego  —  Colchester.  8  86.  Rochester— 
Mount  Morris  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  4;  Pittsford,  add'l,  1  60. 
St.  Launrence—Wsktertovm  Stone  Street  sab-sch,  18  68. 
Syracuse  —  Onondaga  Valley,  9  85.  Westc?iester—Ilt. 
Vernon  1st,  806;  New  Rochelle  sab-sch,  special,  luO; 
Poundridge,  12;  South  Salem  sab-sch,  80.  1,850  91 

North  Dakota.- jFVirjjro— Mapleton,  6  00 

Oaio.— Athens— WaxreUf  I  50.  Bellefontaine  —  Belle- 
fontaine  Ist,  11  84.  Cincinnati— Bond  Hill,  10;  —  Walnut 
Hills  1st,  add'l,  5;  Linwood  CcUvary,  1884;  Mount  Carmel 
sab-sch,  7  60;  Sprlngdale  sab-sch,  8.  Cleveland— Kinm- 
ville  1st.  5.  2>ayton— Dayton  8d  Street  sab-sch,  88  80; 
Hamilton  1st,  48  67.  Lima— Lima  Ist,  75.  Maumee— 
Toledo  Westminster,  80  91.  St.  CIair«in7te— Beulah,  6; 
Lore  City,  8;  Wheeling  Valley,  6.  iSteudenviUe— Bakers- 
ville,  4  87;  East  Liverpool  1st,  184  85;  —  Sd.  8  56;  Monroe- 
viUe,  8;  Potter,  8  48;  Steubenville  let,  88  88;  Toronto, 
88  45;  Unionport,  8.  iTooxter— Doylestown.  9  50;  Nash- 
ville sab-sch,  10;  Shelby,  8.  Zane«viUe— Newark  Salem 
Gf'rman,  6  85;  West  Carlisle,  6  60.  510  64 

ORBOoN.-iEicwt  Oregon— Union,  8  68.  Pbrtland— Albina 
(sab  sch  thanksgiving  oflTg,  10,  Y.  P.  8.  C.  E..  1 50),  20  80; 
East  Portland  Mizpah  (Mission  Band,  for  debt,  5),  86  60. 
South  Oregon— Oakland,  8.  67  48 

Pacefic.  —  Benicia  —  Mendocino,  80.  Los  Angeles  — 
Graham  Memorial,  14;  Santa  Monica,  88  46.  Oakland- 
Berkeley  1st,  118  80.  San  Fi-ancisco—Seai  Francisco 
Franklin  Street,  16;  —  Howard,  80.  San  Jose- San  Luis 
Obispo,  40;  Wrights,  5.  860  76 

PKNN8Ti.yAiaA.—^UesrAeny— Rochester,  6  68.  Blairs- 
viZie— Harrison  City,  9  88-  Turtle  Creek,  4  06.  Butler— 
Westminster.  8  11.  Car<i«i«— Burnt  Cabins,  8;  Lower 
Path  Valley  la  member,  4),  88;  MUlerstown,  through  the 
Christian  Steward,  16.  .Srie— Cool  Spring,  8  87;  Hadley, 
8;  Mount  Pleasant,  5  87.  Huntingdon  —  Penfleld.  6; 
Spring  Creek,  19;  Winterbum,  8.  Kittanning— Ford  City, 
4.  ZxictoiMinna— Harmony,  98;  Scranton  Sd  sab-sch,  100; 
Wilkes  Barre  Memorial  sab-sch,  69  96.  LeAi^A— Ashland, 
88;  Bethlehem  1st,  85;  Centralia,  9;  South  Bethlehem  1st, 
9.  PAitodalpAia— Philadelphia  Sd,  79  40;  —  9th,  69  48;  — 
Cohocksink,  8d  Street  Mission,  8  65;  —  Walnut  Street 
sab-sch,  Ehn  Avenue  branch,  6  48;  —  West  Spruce  Street, 


add'l.  80.  Philadelphia  2Vbr^A  —  Eddington,  90.  Pitts- 
fturgA—Pittsburgh  East  Liberty,  106;  —  Park  Avenue,  80; 
Sharon.  89  80.  ^/tenango— West  Middlesex,  8  87.  Wash- 
ington— West  Union,  8.  H^e/i«6oro  —  Lawrenoevllle,  7. 
TF^«tmin«ter— Bellevue,  18;  Lancaster  Memorial,  8  67; 
Marietta.  67.  988  87 

South  Dakota.— Z>aJtM>ta— Buffalo  Lake,  8;  Crow  Creek, 
1;  Flandreau  1st,  8  89:  Mayasan,  15;  Mountain  Head,  6; 
Raven  HiU,  1 ;  WMte  River,  1 ;  Wood  Lake,  1.  81  79 

TENKB88EE.—BirminyAam— Thomas  Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,  18 00 

TsxAS.—^tMn'n— Austin  Ist,  43  60.  Trinity  —  Baird, 
80  80;  Pecan,  1;  Windham,  1.  65  80 

Washington.— 0/ympta—Oosmopolis,  10;  La  Camas  St. 
Johns,  15.  Paget  Sound— Blaine,  5;  Cedar  Grove,  6  80; 
Norfork,  8  85;  Spring  Lake  Valley,  8;  Welcome,  8  85;  Rev 
C.  C.  McCarty,  8  70.    Walla  PTolta— WaUa  WaUa,  18  67. 

6107 

Wisconsin.— 3fadi«on—Baraboo  1st  sab-sch,  8  48;  High- 
land German,  8;  Prairie  du  Sac,  16;  Pulaski  German,  5. 
Jfi/tMiuJbee— Cedar  Grove,  86;  Racine  Bohemian,  10.  61 48 
Woman^s  Executive  Committee  of  Home  MiSdions,  8,186  84 

Total  received  from  churches %  18,294  97 

LEGACIBS. 

Legacy  of  L.  C.  BarkdilU  dec'd,  late  of  Sidney, 
O.,  500;  Miss  Hyde,  dec'd.  late  of  Johnstown. 
N  Y.,  888;  John  McConnell,  dec'd,  late  of 
Rock  Island  Co.,  111.,  484  60;  Miss  Priscilla 
Miller,  dec^d,  late  of  Latrobe,  Pa.,  475;  Wm. 
C.  Martin,  dec*d,  late  of  New  York  City,  1.000; 
Rev.  E.  D.  G.  Prime.  D.  D.,  dec'd,  late  of  New 
York,  8,500;  Thos.  Steele,  dec'd,  late  of  Chllli- 
cothe,  O.,  856;  John  More,  deed,  late  of  Deer- 
field,  N.  J.,  100;  Eliza  Nelson,  dec*d,  100;  Mrs. 
Mira  L.  Mount,  dec'd.  late  of  Bordentown,  N. 
J.,  6;  Mrs.  Hannah  H.  Foster,  dec'd,' late  of 
Mahopac  Falls.  N.  Y.,  60;  Eliza  R.  Eckert, 
dec'd  late  of  Indianapolis.  Ind.,  100;  John 
Peoples,  dec'd,  late  of  Wihnington,  Del ,  1 ,000 .      6,849  60 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

Mrs.  Sophia  D.  Hale.  Albany,  N.  Y.,  80;  Beecher 
Wheeler,  Websters  Comers,  N.  Y.,  6;  Rev. 
Edwin  P.  Robinson,  Orchard  Park,  N.  Y., 
8  50;  Charles  Maynard,  Ellsworth,  Wis.,  6; 
Rev.  V.  D.  Reed,  D  D.,  Philadelphia,  Pa.,  10; 
In  memory  of  Chas.  Duiyea  Smith,  100;  Miss 
Rachel  L.  Kennedy,  New  York.  1,000;  Rev. 
H.  M.  Walker,  Marseilles,  C,  5;  Rev.  John 
Currer,  Menominee,  Mich.,  for  debt,  10;  A.  D. 
A.  Miller,  Buffalo,  N.  Y.,  50;  Mekesukey  In- 
dian School,  Heliswa,  Ind.  Ter.,  17  86;  "Hap- 
land,"  800;  "A  J.  C,"  10;  Mrs.  J.  W.  Nelson, 
Indian  Run,  Pa ,  60;  "  Nucleus  for  debt,''  68; 
Religious  Contribution  Soc'y  of  Princeton 
TheoL  Sem'y,  N.  J.,  10880;  "C,  Penna.,"  14; 
T.  and  M.,  8;  *'L.  P.  S.,  850;  E.  Sterling  Ely, 
Buffalo,  N.  Y.,  88  75;  J.  D.  I^de,  Haddon- 
fleld,  N.  J..  160;  Rev.  L.  B.  Crittenden,  8;  In- 
terest on  John  C.  Green  Fund,  900;  Interest 
on  Bowes'  legacy,  60;  Interest  on  permanent 
fund,  180;  Interest  on  Samuel  Utter  bequest, 
84;  Interest  on  legacy  of  Rev.  E.  D.  G.  Prime, 
dec'd,  6  67 8,876  07 

Total  received  for  Home  Missions,  May,  1898. .  .$  88,490  64 
Total  received  for  Home  Missions  from  April 

1,1892 68,789  71 

Amount  received  during  same  period  last  year.    98,756  81 


Box  L.  Station  D. 


O.  D  Eaton,  Treasurer^ 

68  Fifth  Avenue,  New  York. 


KECEaPTS  FOR  SUSTENTATION,  MAY,  1892. 

Baltimobe.— yei0  Castle— Zion,  5;  Rock,  8.               7  00  Washinoton.— Olympia— Ridgefleld,  1.    Puget  Sound— 

Colorado.— i\(e6Io— Pueblo  1st,                                0  89  Seattle  8d,  8  5a                                                               8  50 

Illinois.— CAica^o— River  Forest  1st,  4  40.    Freeport—  

Winnebago  1st,  11.  15  40       Total  received  from  churches $        96  85 

Indiana.— Oaioforcitvtlle— Bethany,                       10  18  lboacibs. 

Iowa.— /otca  CVfy— Bethel,                                          0  18  Legacy  of  Mrs.  Hannah  H.  Foster,  dec'd,  late 

Kansas.— .^nnoria—Mazson, 45 cts;  ElPaso,  1;  High-  <« Mahopac  Falls,  N.  Y 8  00 

land  Holton,  5  04.                                                            <r49  misobllansous. 

Kbntuokt.— £6eneze7^-Newport,                               5  00  Religious  Contribution  Soc'y  of  Princeton  Theo- 

MiOHiOAN.— Pe/o«Xeev— Petoekey,  15  87  logical  Sem'y,  N.  J 8  68 

Missouri.— Pfatte-Bamard.  1;  Marysville  8d,  5.      6  OO  ■ 

Nkbraska.  —  iVt0<>rara  —  Norden,    1;    MiUerboro,   1.       Total  received  for  Sustention.  Maj,  1898 $      10196 

8  00  Total  received  for  Sustentation  from  April  1, 

ORaooN- i^^rttond— Albina,8;  East  Portland  Mizpah.  1898 8,460  01 

2.                                                                                      6  00  Amount  received  during  same  period  last  year.        453  88 

Pacific— Bentcfa—Mendocina,   8.     Ool^land- Berkely  .0.  D.  Eaton,  2V«a«urer, 

iBt,  18.                                                                            80  00  Box  L,  Station  D.                   i58  Fifth  Avenue,  New  York. 


180 


New   Yoi'k  Synodical  Aid  Fund — Ministerial  Relief. 


[August, 


RECEIPTS  FOR  NEW  YORK  STNODICAIi  AID  FUND,  MAY,  1802. 


^UKxny— Albany  State  Street,  260.  ^roofc/yn— Brook- 
lyn South  8d  Street,  7.  CA«mun{^  Mecblenburg,  6; 
Havana,  7.  Geneva— Warsaw,  84;  Penn  Yan,  45  1& 
Hudson— Milford,  15;  Hamptonburgb,  17.  Long  Island 
—Bridge  Hampton,  SO:  Speonk,  3;  firookfleld,  8.  Xvoyia 
—Newark  (sab-sch.  88),  61  15.  New  For*— New  York 
Allen  Street,  1;  —  Phillips,  49  96.  North  /?iver— Pough- 
keepsie  Igt,  1  66.  O^^o— Stamford,  add'l,  10.  Rochester 
— Pfttsford,  10.  St.  Latorence  —  Cape  Vincent,  8  50; 
Brasher  Falls,  11 ;  Heuyelton,  18  86.  TVov— Green  Island, 
10;   Cohoes,  86  47;   Lanslngburg  Olivet,  7  80;   Woodslde, 


60;  Warrensburgh,  6.   Uf tco— Saquoit,  18  80.    Westchester 
— Poundridge,  6;  Hugenot  Memorial,  40. 

Total  received  for  New  York  Synodical  Aid 
Fund,  May,  1892 $      746  64 

Total  received  for  New  York  Sjmodical  Aid 
Fund  from  Aprill,  1898 1,96199 

Amount  received  during  same  period  last  year.      1,551  98 


Box  L,  Station  D. 


O.  D.  Eatok,  Trecuurer, 

68  Fifth  Avenue,  N.  Y. 


RECEIPTS  FOR  MINISTERIAIj  REIilEF,  MAY,  1892. 

Baltimore. —^aZ^imors— Bel  Air  1st.  5;   Frederick,  8.  toanno— Plymouth,  10.     f%/Iade(ph(a— Philadelphia  Sd, 

Neto  Co«f /e—Manokin,  10;  Rock,  18;  Zion,  80.            55  00  68  09;  —  Tabernacle,  85;  —West  Hope,  10:  —  West  Spruce 

CoLORADO.->&unniM>n^Leadvil]e  1st,  18  66.    Pueblo—  Street,  15;  —  Olivet  sab-sch,  8  85.     Philadelphia  North 

Pueblo  1st,  8  51.                                                             17  06  — Eddington,  8;  Norristown  1st,  58  81.  Pittsburgh— Titt^ 

Illinois.— Cairo— Cobden,  6  66;  Mount  Carmel,  5  25.  burgh  Lawrencevllle,  88  64;  —  Park  Avenue.  7  50    Shen- 

CAicoffo— Chicago  Ridgeway  Avenue,  1.    Schuyler— ^Sir  ani^o  —  SharpsviUe,   8  94.    Westminster  —  ColumhiSL   5; 

comb,  80.    ^prtnfl/le/d— Williamsville  Union,  6  60.  *  49  88  Lancaster  Memorial,  6  84.                                          278  90 

Indiana.— 7ndianapoIi«  —  Bainbridge,  2;    Carpenters-  South  Dakota.— Aberdeen— Groton  1st,  6  60.   Dakota— 

vilie,  1  18;  Indianapolis  7th,  8;  Putnam ville,  8.    ifuncte—  Buffalo  Lake,  8;  Crow  Creek,  1;  Flandreau  1st,  1 ;   Maj  a- 

La  Oro,  2  65;  Muncie  1st,  7  05.                                     17  88  san,  1  60;  Mountahi  Head,  1 ;  White  River,  65  cts;  Wocni 

Indian  TERBiroRT.-CAicJlKuaio— Oklahoma  City,     1  00  Lake,  1.                                                                         16  55 

Iowa.— /ofra^Fairfleld  1st,  21  80.    lotoa  City— Bethel,  Texas.— TVtnffy— Albany  L.  Soc'y,                            1  CO 

1  06;  Marengo  iHt,  6  96.                                                 28  98  Utah.— Ifonf ana  —  Deer  Lodge,   14  25;    Dillon,    126. 

Kansah.— i^porio^Mazon,  40  cts.    Toipefca- Leaven-  TTood/Jtt'er— Naropa,  2.                                                17  50 

worth  iBt,  100;  Topeka  1st,  105  07.                              205  47  Washington.— Ofympia— Toledo,                               1  00 

KKNTucKY.—2P6ene«er— Newport  Ist,                         5  00  

Michigan  —Z>efrot£— Holly,  6.    ^<mt— Mundy ,  6.  Sagi-  From  the  churches %    8,878  64 

nau7— Coleman,  8.  18  00 

Minnesota  —Mankato  -  Rushmore,  8  80.    St  Paul-  ™<>"«  individuals. 

Hastings,  4;  Minneapolis  Shiloh,  11  85.                       17  65  ** S.  O.  M..'* Philad'a,  Pa.,  5;  Mrs.  Sarah  B.  Rieh- 

MissouRi.— Pto/te— Maryville  8d,  6.    St.  Lcmis -Com-  ardson.  Lake  Geneva,  Wis.,  6  90;  ''C.  D."25; 

wall,  1;  Elk  Prairie,  1;  Jonesboro,  1;  Laketon,  1;  Pacific,  Mrs.  E.  R.  Norton,  Alton,  111.,  1;   Mrs.  R.  S. 

1;    Pleasant  Hill,  2;    Rock  Hill,  10;   St.  Louis  Clifton  Marsh.  West  CarUsle,  Mich.,  6:   ''Hapland,'" 

Heights,  2;  —  Cote  Brilliante,  8;  —  Covenant,  5;  —  Grace,  100;  Rev.  L^man  B.  Crittenden.  Belgrade, 

1;   —  Leonard  Avenue.  1  60;  —Memorial  Tabernacle,  1:  Mont.  3;  **E.  M.  H.,''  Philad'a,  50;  Miscella- 

—  Westminster,  1;  Union,  1;  Washington,  5.              41  50  neous,  for  coal  bill,  75;  Mrs.  L.  A.  Edwardr. 
Nebraska.  —  Niobrara  —  Millerboro,    1 ;     Norden,   1 .  Orient,  N.  Y.,  10;  ' '  G.  B.,"  N.  J  ,  25;  " T.  and 

Omahft—OmeXiA  Lowe  Avenue.  11  67.                         18  67  M.,''  Chicago,  8;  Miscellaneous.  Newark  J^el., 

New  Jersey.— &/t;Ea6«^A— Elizabeth  2d,  80.   Monwouth  90O;  Religious  Cont.  Soc'y.  Princeton  Theo. 

—Freehold  1st,  1.    Ne\9  ^rutwwnrJb^Frenchtown,  18  49;  Sem'y,  32  64;  "  C,  Penna..'^  tf  546  54 

Trenton  Ist,  870  78.    JV^ewton->Phillipsburgh  1st,  86  41.  Interest  from  permanent  fund 7,818  77 

490  68  Interest  on  bsLk  deposits 803  67 

New  York.— BttJTalo— Buffalo  Ist,  50.    Long  Island—  

Bridgehamton,  84.    iVdMou— Smithtown,  80  88;  St.  Paul's  For  current  fund %  10,948  62 

German.  4.    New  Ybrfc— New  York  Allen  Street,  1;  —  „„«„.„„^.-.  .^„^ 

Bohemian,  5;  -  Brick,  484  19;  —  Madison  Square,  69286;  permanent  fund. 

—  Washington  Heights,  88  86.    North  i?itw— Poughkeep-  /  interest  only  used  ) 

sie   1st,    14  94;    Rondout,   9  10.     Oteeyo-Stamford,   10.  t^*,«««  ^#  t«k«  Tif«r>^««^ii    i/Lw  Tai««^  tii 

«oc/ie./er-Roche8ter  Westminster,  86;  Sparta  2d  (per  ^,?f57  ^^JJ jL**  ^iS?^iS°*T!aS.^^  S'^h^mh 

Christian  Standard).  1  85.    St.  Latirrencc  -  Brownville,  fi!S/?^^i?,?fi;Kl^r>   vi^^tSL  ^J  wu  ?« 

1  50;  Cape  Vincent,  4.    Seeuden-Homellsville  Ist,  16  60.  ^^t!^' ^?,""^f^^!' ^iW^^ 

Tre«^c/i«i<cr-Poundridpe.  4.                                     1,340  67  ^i?^,^^^  \n  TinS?V^^«5^?f  Sir«^i?Hr* 

Omo.-AtheM--  Middleport  1st,    6.    BeWe/ontoine-  S^^J* Pl^^J'^Ji"^'' **^' V^5**2,?.' ?r" ?'^ 

Belle  Centre  1st,  9;  Bellefontaine  Ist,  8  65.    Cincinnati-  ^I^^2l}'}u^'SS^^^'i^h^ 

Cincinnati  7th,  77  89;  -  Wahiut  Hills,  85.    Dayton-Dsir-  ?i^^T?™S^.9•wJl    iJ'  ^?^5Ji.i^  n  n** 

ton  let,  89  93;  Hamilton  1st,  10  19.    Lima— L&ia  1st,  41.  i?'  H^Fn      ?®  ^  ^'  \Pu  ^^™®'  ^u    si 

St.  Clairsvine-Concord,  8.    TTooi^er- Shelby,  8.     815  06  l'^Zl^\^  ^i^^S^^'  ""^  "^^^""^  *°  *°°"*^^  **      a»^  Kn 

Oregon.— PbrfZand- Albina,  7  50.    Southern  Oregon^  to  be  paid,  8,409  90 9,508  50 

Myrtle  Creek,  2.                                                    •          9  50  

Pacific— Bentcta— Mendocino,  15.  OoAtond— Berkeley  Total  for  May,  1892       $  19  451  12 

1st.  20.  San  Joae-San  Luis  Obihpo,  10.  ,  45  00  ^otal  for  current  fund  since  April  1 ,  1892. . ! . . . .  25,'828  46 
Pennsylvania.— CaWwie— Carlisle  l8t,  19  25.    Chester^ 

Lansdowne  1st,  26  68.    Kitianning— Ford  City,  2.  Lacka-  William  W.  Heberton,  2Vea*urer. 


RECEIPTS  FOR  SABBATH-SCHOOIj  WORK,  MAY,  1892. 


Atlantic— JS^off  Florida  — St.  Augustine  sab-sch,  5. 
Foir/feW— Good  Will  sab-sch,  2  84.  7  84 

Baltimore.— A'ew  Ca«i/e— Dover,  21;  Lewes  sab-sch, 
2  CS;  New  Castle,  88  76.     Washington  City— FaWa  Church, 

8  38.  *  70  66 
Catawba.— YodiWn— Durham  sab-sch,  8  00 
Colorado.— Puefeio—Antonito,  8*  Pueblo,  1  17.  4  17 
Columbia -Puge^  Sound— Toledo,  1.   Southern  Oregon 

— Marshflekl  sab-sch,  8.  4  00 

Illinois.  —  Cat'ro  —  Dubois,  1  71.  Chicago  —  Chicago 
Covenant,  70  86;  —  Gross  Park,  5  56;  —  Ridgeway  Avenue, 
1:  Morgan  Park,  1  60;  River  Forest,  5.  frrecpori— Rock- 
ford  Westminster,  8  18;  Woodstock,  12  55.  JIfaf  toon- 
Assumption,  9  40;    Casey,   1  67.     Peoria— Farmington, 

9  05;  Prospect,  10  40;  Sparland,  5.  Rock  River- Centre, 
8  2^;  Garden  Plain,  7  80;  Geneseo,  8;  Morrison,  50  03. 
^^uyler- Camp  Creek,  7.  217  94 

Indiana.— Cratr/ordwfZZe-Prairie  Centre,  8;  Romney, 


6  14.  Fort  irayne- Fort  Wayne  M,  6  77.  Indianapolis 
—Indianapolis  7th,  2:  —  12th,  8  50;  Southport,  8  40.  Lo- 
gansport— Crown  Point,  2  69.  Muncie  —  Muncie,  8  60. 
New  ^2&any— Leavenworth  sab-sch,  P:  Monroe  sab-sch. 
8  50.  rtncennea-Evansville  Grace,  21  35.  White  Wnter 
—Aurora,  2  26.  72  10 

Indian  Territory.— C/ierofce«  Ad^i'on— Tahlequah  sab- 
Bch,  10.    CAicfca»atr— Oklahoma  City,  1.  1100 

Iowa.— Co wnciZ  Bluffs  —  Council  Bluffs,  14  20.  Fort 
Dodgp—VAnsL,  5;  Grand  Junction,  9  80  /ouxi— Kossuth, 
8  72;  Mediapolis,  4  80:  Wapella,  5  60.  Iowa  Ctty— Bethel, 
86  cts;  Davenport  2d,  8  89.  Tfafcrloo— Grundy  Centre 
(sab-sch,  78  cts),  5.  60  TT 

Kansas.— Emporta-Emporia  Ist,  18.  JVeoafto— Chanute 
(sab-sch,  1  87),  6  81 ;  Parsonp,  9  89.  34  20 

Kenttcky.- ^benezer  —  Newport  1st,  6.  Louiwillt— 
Louisville  Central  sab>8ph.  5.  10  00 

Michigan.— 6'afiri7iat(>- Maple  Ridge  sab-sch,  2  OO 


1892.] 


PMimtum  and  8abbati\r8<Jiool  Work. 


181 


M1NNB8OTA.— Jfanifcato  —  Rushmore,  1  30.  St.  Paul- 
Hastings,  4  d4.  5  64 

Missouri.— ITaTMCM  C^^— CliDton,  10;  Rayraore,  8  06. 
Pkif^e— Maryville,  6  60.  25  66 

Nebraska.— JTeamey—FuUerton,  11;  Wood  River,  (  10. 
Nebraska  City— Beatrice,  8  60.  iVio&rara— Millerboro,  1; 
Scottville  sab-ach,  2  60.  28  10 

New  Jersey.— Alonmouffc— Freehold,  10  91.  NewBruru- 
iHck  -Ewing,  8.  iV«tot<m— PhillijpsburKh  Westminster,  6; 
Washington  sab-sch,  17  82;  Yellow  Frame,  8  70.  West 
Jersey— Bridgeton  3d,  17  44;  Camden  2d,  5;  Cedarville  Ist, 
9  84.  78  71 

New  York.— ^Z6any- Charlton,  19;  Galway,  2.  Boston 
— Newburyport  Ist,  12  45;  Windham,  5  21.  Brooklyn- 
Brooklyn  Trinity  sab-sch,  6  46.  Bu/Tato— Tonawanda,  6. 
Cayuya— Ithaca  sab-sch,  81 18.  CAamptotn— Plattsburgh, 
22  78.  CAemung- Watlcins,  12 14.  ^ei^eva— Canoga,  1  26; 
Hall's  Comers  sab-sch,  5;  Oak's  Comers,  3;  Waterloo  sab- 
sch,  6.  /fiictoon— Chester  (sab-sch,  2),  2i  57.  Ncusau— 
Hempstead  Christ  Church,  16  60.  New  York— New  YorJc 
Allen  Street,  1 ;  —  Madison  Avenue,  28  99.  North  River^ 
Maiden  sab-sch,  1  65;  Poughlceepsie,  4  96.  Rochester— 
Brockport.  20  40;  Fowlervlile,  8  08;  Rochester  Westmin- 
ster sab-sch,  8  18;  Sparta  2d,  1  40.  St.  Lawrence— Qouv- 
erneur,  25  16.  £Keuoen— Addison,  11  97.  iSyractMc— Syr- 
acuse Park  Central,  89  20.  2Voy— Troy  Woodside,  83  49. 
mica—UtlcA  Bethany,  8;  —  United  sab-sch.  6.  Weat- 
chester-Rje^  48  86;  Thompsonville,  26;  Y'onkers  West- 
minster, 82  58.  468  89 

North  Dakota.— Plenifeina— Park  River  sab-sch,       6  00 

Ohio— BeUe/ontoine— Belief ontaine,  1  18.  ChtUicothe 
— Greenfleld,  3  42;  -  sab-sch,  2  08.  Cleveland  —  East 
Cleveland,  9  87.  Colum&us  -  Cent  ral  College,  4  76;  Colum- 
bus Westminster,  10.  Dayfon— Hamilton,  7  71 ;  Middle- 
town  sab  sch,  20  78.  Lima— Mlddtepoint.  4  52.  Mahon- 
ing-VLtaXWon  2d,  24  06;  Poland,  10.  Ifaumee— Toledo 
Westminster,  18  85;  —  6th,  3.  St.  Ciair«tnMe— Powhatan, 
121.  8^eti/>«ninUe-Weil8ville,  44  29.  ITooAfer— Ashland, 
7  33;  Doylestown,  4;  Lexington,  6;  Millersburgh,  8  85; 
Savannah,  7  88;  Wooster  Westminster,  ]2  64.  Zanesville 
—Jersey,  6.  212  22 

Pacific— fienicta— Mendocino,  19;  Vallejo,  1  50.  Los 
Angeles— ScLUtA  Monica,  6  10.  San  IrVanctseo— Berkeley, 
26  55.  52  15 

PKMN8YLVANiA.—4W^fiF/i«ny— Allegheny  Central,  9  26;  — 
Providence,  22  20;  Bellevue  sab-sch,  2  62;  Glenfield,  2; 
Hilandu,  11  60;  Leetsdale,  49  41.  BlairsviHe-CroM  Roads, 
0;  Ureeusburgh,  18  60;  Irwin,  10  76;  Unity,  17  25.  Buller 
—Westminster,  1  97.  C^WutJe— Lebanon  4th,  25  28;  Me- 
chanicsburgh,  4  35;  Merceraburgh,  17  61.  Chester —Ash- 
nmn,  15;  Bryn  Mawr,  64  41;  Fairview,  5:  Kennett  Square, 
4.  C'torton- Clarion,  14  44.  £We— Qirard,  9  70,  Hunt- 
ingdon -Alt  oon&  1st,  81:  Bedford,  14  07;  Lower  Spmce 
Cre<>k,  12;  Mifflintown  Westminster,  24  14;  Milesburgh, 
9;  Moshannon  and  Snow  Shoe,  3;  Petersburgb,  3  84;  Port 
Matilda  sab-sch,  4  68;  Spmce  Creek,  21  85.  Kiitann,ing 
—Marion.  4  68.  Lac/cai<7anna— Nicholson  sab-sch,  8  02; 
KushviUe,  3;  Scranton  2a,  90  68;  Stevensville,  8.  Lehigh 
— E^ton  Brainerd,  86  48.  Northumberland— Ba\d  Eagle 
and  Nittany,  5  54;  Oreat  Island  sab-sch,  60.  Philadelphia 
—Philadelphia  3d  sab-sch,  34  18;  —  10th  sabscb,  15  60;  — 
OohocksinR  sab-sch,  10  70;  —  Memorial,  40;  —  Princeton, 
171  3^;  —  South,  10;  —  West  Spmce  Street,  18;  —  Zion 
Gemian,  2  SO.  Philadelphia  iVort/i— Conshohocken  Csab- 
sch,  2  48).  6  16;  Eddington,  16;  Oermantown  1st,  282  26; 
Morrisville,  8  41.  Pt7<«6uroA— Cannonsburgh.  7  46;  Centre, 
28  40;  Charleroi,  7;  Fairview,  8;  Hebron,  6  10;  Ingram,  10; 


Lebanon,  10;  McKee's  Rocks,  4;  Montours,  8;  Oakdale, 
36  10;  Pittsburgh  8d,  68  19;  —  6th,  52  98;  -  Park  Avenue. 
2  50;  Swissvale,  16  20.  72ed<fone^Mount  Pleasant  Re- 
union, 12.  fifAena9H7o— Hermon,  1;  Little  Beaver,  2  60; 
Pulaski,  2  35;  Sharon,  9  86;  West  Middlesex,  7  60.  ^o«/i- 
tnyfon— Waynesburgh,  9.  Westminster— LasicaaXeT  Me- 
morial, 1;  Strasburgh,  2  76;  York  1st,  66  71.  West  Vir- 
ginia—Paxkenhurgh  1st  sab-sch,  20.  1,596  06 

South  Djlkota.— Black  £f  »tt«— Whitewood  sab-sch,  2  40. 
Daifeofa- Flandreau  1st,  1 ;  Mayasan,  1  50;  White  River, 
2.    SotUhem  DaJkofa— Kimball  sab-sch,  4  61.  11  51 

Tennessee.— ^irmsTio/Mzm— Sheffield  sab-sch,  5.  Hoi- 
ston— Mount  Bethel,  2  79.  C/nton— Caledonia,  8;  New 
Providence,  6  49;  St.  Paul's,  1.  18  28 

Utah.— ilbntonci— Anaconda  sab-sch,  20.  Trood  Rit^er 
— Nampa,  1.  21  00 

-   ■      ~  "  183  47.    Mil- 

184  62 


m  ^  W  A>l  ft  BIT)     Jt  • 

Wisconsin. — Lake  Superior— Marquette, 
waukee— Stone  Bank,  1  15. 


Total  from  churches.  May,  1892 $    2,803  37 

Total  from  Sabbath-schools,  May,  1882 344  f.6 

Total  from  churches  and  Sabbath-sehools, 
May,  1892 $    3,147  92 

MISCBLLANEOrS. 

Murray  Miss'y  Society.  Elizalseth,  N.  J..  28  88; 
Miss  A.  Oousty,  Philad'a,  200:  Miss  Kate  C. 
Wentss,  Philad'a,  200;  James  Snyder,  Morri- 
son, 111.,  60;  Potomac  sab-sch,  Montana,  6  30; 
Black  Pine  sab-sch,  Montana,  2;  M.  H.  Hau- 
ler, Arkansas,  1  90;  Pine  Valley  sab-sch,  Wis- 
consin, 1;  J.  D.  Irwin,  Princeton,  Ky.,  1  60; 
Elkhom  Mission,  Kansas,  1 16;  Davtona  C.  E. 
Convention,  Fla.,  4;  Oabriella  sab-sch.  Fla., 
1  60;  J.  M.  Tipton,  Neb.,  1  96;  G.  T.  Dillard, 
Columbia,  S.  C,  1  88;  D.  N.  Good,  Iowa.  6  26; 
Giiead  sab-sch.  Neb.,  1  62;  Western  Union 
sab- sch.  Kan.,  2;  Unity  sab-sch.  Neb.,  80  cts; 
H.  B.  Wilson,  Georgia,  1  85;  W.  H.  Long,  N. 
C,  2  49;  W.  Homer,  Grant,  Ind.  Ty.,  50  cts; 
'*Hapland''  (T.  Templeton,  Chicago),  60; 
Rev.  G.  W.  Lloyd,  Branchville,  N.  J.,  1;  Rev. 
R.  Thackwell,  North  India,  4  12;  Mrs.  S. 
Gates,  Gilmore,  Neb.,  1 ;  E.  T.  Scott,  Meiiopo- 
lis.  Ills.,  60  cts;  Rev.  L.  B.  Crittenden,  Bel- 
grade, Montana,  2;  S.  Murdoch,  Oak's  Cor- 
ners, N.  Y.,  2;  *'Y.  P.  S.  C.  E.,'*  Hope,  Missouri, 
75  cts;  John  S.  Craig,  Noblesville,  Ind.,  4; 
Wm.  M.  Findley,  M.  D.,  Altoona,  Pa..  5;  J. 
R.  Dutton,  Detroit,  Mich.,  82  46;  Princeton 
Theo.  Sem'y,  10  88;  "C,"  Penna.,  1;  Legacy 
of  Mrs.  H.  H.  Foster,  Mahopac  Falls,  N.  Y., 
6 627  SO 

Total  receipts.  May,  1892. ...'. $    3,775  22 

Amount  previously  acknowledged 4,153  51 

Total  receipts  since  April  1, 1892 9    7,928  73 

C.  T.  McMuLLiN,  Treasurer^ 
1884  Chestnut  St.,  Philadelphia. 


if- 


CONTRIBUTIONS  FOR  SYNODICAIi  HOME  MISSIONS  WITHIN  THE  SYNOD  OF  NEW 

JERSEY,  FROM  APRIL  1,  1892,  TO  JULY  1,  1802. 


EliMab€th—CiinU>n,75;  Metuchen,  addM,  29  51;  Plain- 
field  Ist,  24  47;  —  Crescent  Avenue,  287  83:  —  Bethel 
Chapel,  18  28;  -'  Hope  Chapel,  24  89;  Rahway  2d,  50. 

Jersey  C»7y— Arlington,  MissV  Soc'y  of  sab-sch,  15; 
Garfield,  15;  Passaic  Ist,  21  65,  sab-sch,  addM.  12  86;  Pater- 
son  Broadway  (German,  add'l,  19;  Rutherford  sab-sch,  60; 
West  Hoboken,  111 ;  West  Milford,  add'l,  17  50.        262  01 

Monmouth— Aabury  Park  Westminster,  2;  Beverly, 
48  37;  Bustleton  Providence,  10  40;  Cranbury  Ist,  81  60; 
Holmanville,  1 1 ;  Hope,  7;  Jacksonville,  8  40;  Jamesburg, 
fM;  Key  port,  14;  Manalapan,  46;  Moorestown,  1:  Mount 
Holly  sab-sch,  25  60;  Riverton  Calvary,  18  40;  Shamong, 
2;  Tennent,  addM,  10.  885  77 

Morris  and  Ora?ip<!— Chatham.  59  65;  Dover,  addM,  17; 
Blast  Orange  1st,  Elm  wood  Chapel,  25;  —Bethel,  21  64; 
—  Brick,  add'l,  82  29;  Hanover,  add'l.  40;  Morris  Plains, 
16;   MyersvlUe  German,  11;   New  Vernon,  15  22;   Orange 


Central,  5;  —  Hillside,  78  60;  —  St.  Cloud,  36;  Parsippany, 
11  17;  South  Orange,  28  84;  —  Trinity,  88  70;  Wyoming, 
10  14.  496  (» 

iVipi^wirfc— Newark  Fewsmith  Memorial  Chapel,  25;  — 
8d,  230;  —  B'ifth  Avenue,  88  76;  —  Park,  100.  888  75 

New  Bi'unsurick—AmweU  Ist  (Reaville),  11,  Ladies'  Home 
Miss'y  Soc'y,  14;  Amwell  United  1st  (Kingoes),  5  50;  Day- 
ton, 20  54;  Frenchtown,  27  52;  New  Brunswick  1st,  add'l, 
63  91;  Princeton  Witherspoon  Street,  1;  Stockton,  15; 
Trenton  1st,  add'l,  325  81,  sab-sch,  2  56;  —  2d,  24;  ->  4th. 
150;  —  5th,  26;  —  Prospect  Street,  addM.  50.  735  84 

Netoton-DanvWle,  add'l,  8  60;  Harmony,  18  07;  Marks- 
boro',  7;  North  Hardiston,  add'l,  2  15;  Oxford  1st  (Bel- 
videre),  20;  Oxford  2d  (Oxford).  10;  Phillipsburgh  Ist, 
10  79,  sab  sch,  15  81;  Stewartsville,  47  25;  Wantage  Ist 
(Deckertown),  20.  158  07 

West  Jersey—Absecon,  5;  Atlantic  City  1st  sab-sch, 
24  55;  Blackwoodtown  sab-sch,  6  56;  Bridgeton  2d,  addU, 


182  OmiributionB  for  SynodiecU  Home  Missions,  [Auguat 

» 

42  61;  Camden  9d  sab-Bch,  10;  Clayton,  40;  Cold  Spring      Receiyed  in  three  months 9   8,06566 

sabpsch,  2:  Elmer  aab-sch,  2,  Ladies*  Home  Miss'y  Soc't,       Previously  acknowledged 5,978  29 

5  50;  Fairfleld  sab-sch,  2;  Gloucester  City,  17;  Greenwich,  

16  88,  sab-sch,  4  75:  Janvier  sab-sch,  2  20;  Pittsgrove,  IS,  _.      ,_,.,_,  /^*  w^  -   ,«««                             •   n  aj*  or 

sab^.  12;  Salem  Woman's  Home  Mis8>  Soc'yr20;  Tuck-       Received  since  October  1, 1801 S  9,04S  96 

ahoe  sao-sch,  2  SO;   Waterford  sab-sch,  2  54;  Williams-  Euibr  Ewinq  Grbrit,  Treamirer, 

town  sab-sch,  4  70.  285  10  P.  O.  Box  188,  Trenton,  N.  J. 


SELF-DENIAL  BY  CHURCHES. 

Self-denial  is  constantly  urged  upon  in- 
dividuals. Many  noble  lives  of  self-sacri- 
fice illustrate  the  blessedness  of  this 
duty. 

Should  not  self-denial  be  held  out  as  a 
privilege  to  be  earnestly  coveted  and  zeal- 
ously sought  by  sessions,  boards  of  trus- 
tees and  congregations  at  their  annual 
meetings  ? 

An  ambitions  desire  to  build  more  ex- 
pensively, fresco  more  elaborately,  furnish 
more  elegantly,  may  possibly  be  a  selfish 
move  which  will  not  only  for  the  present 
year  prevent  helping  others  but  may  also 
incur  a  most  crippling  debt. 

Churches  do  reduce  expenditures  for 
self-interest,  they  do  make  great  sacrifices 
for  themselves,  why  should  they  not  for 
others  ? 


Individual  churches  are  governed  by  the 
same  principles  of  duty  as  individual 
Christians,  hence  the  following  resolutions 
are  in  order : 

"  The  trustees  of have  decided  to 

save  from  the  cost  of  the  proposed  new 
church  building  $5,000,  by  omitting  all 
unnecessary  ornamentation  and  to  give 
this  sum  to  the  Board  of  Church  Erection 
for  five  new  churches." 

^'  The  Session  and  Trustees  recommend 

to  the church  that,  whereas  no  one 

was  ruined  but  all  blessed  by  raising  #7,000 
for  the  refurnishing  of  the  church,  an 
equal  sum  be  raised  this  year  for  the  Home 
Board." 

"  The  congregation   at voted  at 

their  annual  meeting  that  the  sum  paid 
last  year  for  music,  fiowers  and  feasts  be 
given  this  year  to  giving  the  bread  of  life 
to  those  far  away. 


» 


•  r 


Officers  and  Agencies  of  the  General  Assembly. 


THE  CIiEKKS. 

stated  Clerk  and  7Vea«urer^-Rey.  William  H. 
Roberts,  D.D.,  Lane  Theological  Seminary,  Wal- 
nut Hills.  Cincinnati,  O. 

Permanent  Clerh—Ksv,  William  E.  Moore,  D.  D., 
Columbus,  O. 


THE  TRUSTEES. 

President — G^eorge  Junkin,  Esq. 
Tretisurer—Fnok  K.  Hippie,  ld40  Chestnut  Street. 
Recording  Secretory— Jacob  Wilson. 

Offick— Publication  House,    No.    1834   Chestnut 
Street,  Philadelphia,  Ftt. 


?:' 


THE  BOARDS. 

1.  HOME  BIISSIONS,  SUSTENTATION. 

Corresponding  Secretaries— R&v.  Henry  Kendall,  D.D.,  Rev.  William  Irvln,  D.D.,'aod  Rev.  Duncan 

J.  McMillan,  D.D. 
TVcoaurer— Oliver  D.  Eaton. 
Recording  Secretary— Oscar  E.  Boyd. 

Officb— Presbyterian  House,  No.  %3  Fifth  Avenue,  New  York,  N.  T. 

Letters  relating  to  missionary  appointments  and  other  operations  of  the  Board  should  be  addressed 
to  the  Corresponding  Secretaries. 

Letters  relating  to  the  pecuniary  affairs  of  the  Board,  or  containing  remittances  of  money,  should 
be  sent  to  O.  D.  Ei^on,7Veasurer. 

a.  FOREIGN  MISSIONS. 

Secretary  Mhneritus—Bjev.  John  C.  Lowrie,  D.D. 
Corresponding  Secretaries— Bbv,  Frank  F.  Ellinwood,  D.D.,  Rev.  Arthur  Mitchell,  D.D.,  and'Rev. 

John  Gillespie,  D.D. 
Assistant  Secretary — Mr.  Robert  E.  Speer. 
TreoMirer — William  Dulles,  Jr.,  Esq. 
Fidd  Secretary— Roy,  Thomas  MarBhall,  D.D.,  48  McCormick  Block,  Chicago,  HI. 

OrFicx— Presbyterian  House,  No.  58  Fifth  Avenue,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

Letters  relating  to  the  missions  or  other  operations  of  the  Board  should  be  addressed  to  the  Sec- 
retaries. Letters  relating  to  the  pecuniary  affairs  of  the  Board,  or  containing  remittances  of  money, 
should  be  sent  to  William  Dulles,  Jr.,  Esq.,  Treasurer. 

Certificates  of  honorary  membership  are  given  on  receipt  of  $dO,  and  of  honorary  directorship  on 
receipt  of  $100. 

Persons  sending  packages  for  shipment  to  missionaries  should  state  the  contents  and  voUue.  There 
are  no  specified  days  for  shipping  goods.  Send  packages  to  the  Missioc  House  as  soon  as  thev  are 
ready.  Address  the  Treasurer  of  the  Board  of  Foreign  MisBions,  No  53  Fifth  Avenue,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

The  postage  on  letters  to  all  our  mission  stations,  except  those  in  Mexico,  is  5  cents  per  eadi  half 
*  ounce  or  fraction  thereof.    Mexico,  2  cents  per  half  ounce. 

8.  EDUCATION. 

Corresponding  Secretary— Bjey.  Daniel  W.  Poor,  D.D. 
TVeosurer^-Jaoob  Wilson. 

Officb— Publication  House,  No.  1334  Chestnut  Street,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 

4.  PUBIilGATION  AND  SABBATH-SCHOOIj  WORK. 

Secretary-;-Bjey.  Elijah  R.  Craven,  D.  D. 

Superintendent  of  Sabbath'School  and  Missionary  Worh—BjeY,  Jannes  A.  Wordeo,  D.D. 

EditoricU  Superintendentr-RoY.  J.  R.  Miller,  D.D. 

Business  Superintendent— John  A.  Black. 

Treasurer— RdY.  C.  T.  McMullin. 

Publication  Housb— No.  1334  Chestnut  Street,  Philadelphia,  Pft. 

Letters  relative  to  the  general  interests  of  the  Board,  also  all  manuscripts  offered  for  publication 
and  ccmununications  relative  thereto,  excepting  those  for  Sabbath-school  Library  books  and  the  peri- 
odicals, should  be  addressed  to  the  Rev.  E.  R.  Cravsn,  D.D.,  Secretary. 

Presbyterial  Sabbath-school  reports,  letters  relating  to  Sabbath-school  and  MisBdonary  work,  to 
grants  of  the  Board^s  publications,  to  the  appointment  of  Sabbath-school  missionaries,  and  reports, 
orders  and  other  communications  of  these  musionaries,  to  the  Rev  Jamss  A.  Wordkn,  D.D.,  Super- 
intendent of  Sabbaih^school  and  Missionary  Work. 

All  manuscripts  for  Sabbath-school  Library  books,  also  all  matter  offered  for  the  WBsnairBTBB 
TsACHXR  and  the  other  periodicals,  and  all  letters  concerning  the  same,  to  the  Rev.  J.  R.  Milubr,  D.D., 
Editorial  Superintendent. 

Business  correspondence  and  orders  for  books  and  periodicals,  except  from  Sabbath-school  mission- 
aries, to  Johh  A.  BiJLOK,  Business  Superintendent, 

Bemittaiioes  of  money  and  oontribntiona  to  the  Rev.  C.  T.  MoMvllin,  TVeofwrer. 

R.  OEnTRCH  EREOnON. 

Correspondinif  Secretary— R&v,  Erskine  N.  White,  D.D. 
IVecwwrer— Adam  Campbell. 

OFiTOX^Presbyterian  House,  No.  53  Fifth  Avenue,  New  York,  N.  Y. 

183 


184  OfficerH  mul  Af/rncies  of  the  General  Assembh/.  [Aiir/tisf, 

6.  MINISTERIAL  RELIEF. 

Corresponding  Secretary— Hev.  William  C.  Cattell,  D.  D. 
Recording  Secretary  and  Treasurer— Rev.  William  W.  Heljerton. 

Offick -Publication  Hou8e,Nol334  Chestnut  Street,  Philadelphia,  Pa. 

7.  FREEDMEN. 

President— Rev.  Edward  P.  Cowan,  D.  D. 

Office  Secretary  and  Trecuurer—Rev .  J.  T.  Gibson. 

Corresp€mding  Secretary— Rev.  R.  H.  Allen,  D.  D. 

Office— No.  516  Market  Street,  Pittsburgh,  Pa. 

S.  AtD  FOR  COLLEGES  AND  ACADEMIES. 

Correspondinn  Secretary— Rev,  Edward  C.  Ray,  D.  D. 
2V«wurcr— Charles  M.  Uhamley,  P.  O.  Box  294,  Chicago,  111. 

Office— Room  23,  Montauk  Block,  No.  115  Monroe  Street,  Chicago,  IlL 


PERMANENT  COMMITTEES. 

COMMITTEE  ON  SYSTEMATIC  BENEFICENCE. 

Chairman— Rev.  Rufus  8.  Qreen,  D.  D.,  Orange,  N.  J. 

^SVTr<»^arj/— Kiliaen  Van  Rensselaer,  56  Wall  Stii-et,  New  Ycrk,  N.  Y. 

COMMITTEE  ON  TEMPERANCE. 

Chairman— Rev,  1,  N.  Hays,  D.D.,  Allegheny,  Pa. 

Corresponding  Secretary— Rev.  John  F.  Hill,  Room  813,  Penn  Ruildin^j:,  PittsburRh,  Pa. 

Treasurer— Rev.  James  Allison,  D.D.,  Cor.  Sixth  Avenue  and  Wowl  Stivft,  Pitt.sl»urj£h,  Pa. 

PRESBYTERIAN  HISTORICAL  SOCIETY. 

President-Rev.  W.  C.  Cattell,  D.  D.,  Philadelphia. 
Corresponding  Secretary— Rev.  D.,K.  Turner. 
Treasurer— DeH.  K.  Ludwig,  3800  Locust  Street,  Philadelphia. 
Library  and  IfuMum—