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T»Vi: sS«E« E.VCllKLot. 

As the train Hint bears lift w ifo and elilld 
1,1 temporary exile, nflls out of thu s ation. 
t le husband draws a long breath. His ar- 
guments have prevailed. His solicitude for 
thy health of the little one, hisj, tender anxie- 
ty lest his wife be unable to endure the hot 
air of the town, and his desire that she should 
b*', free from domestic ej*'‘s have brought 

I about a separation. - The 'em necessities of 
business chain him to his desk. Nervous- 
| ness at breakfast lest they should miss the 
train; a struggle in the baggage room; a 
short and tender farewell, and he is again a 
: bachelor. The air is rarer. The sun is 
brighter. The horizon is less contracted. 

| His walk is akin to a dance. He is tempted 
to confide his joy to the impassive gateman. 
His radiant face irritates the passer-by. He 
j exults because he is free. He can go and 
come unquestioned; lie is not obliged to 
study the value of punctuality; he has no 
commissions; no errands that turn him into 
a beast of burden ; he can diue at the club or 
f at a favorite restaurant; his evenings are 
I his own. i 

That very evening lie is congratulated at 
j the club, where he dines, partaking heartily 
J of dishes that are forbidden by the prudent 
and loving wife. He talks till a late hour 
with permanent and temporary bachelors, 
and goes homeward without fear of reproach. 
The house is his ; he can arrange windows 
and blinds to his satisfaction ; he can read in 
bed. And at the breakfast table there is no 
one to interrupt him in the hasty acquisition 
of the news of the morning. He looks for- 
ward throughout the day to the dinner at the 
j club, but, singular to relate, his enjoyment 
does not equal the anticipation. The very 
selection of the dinner is a nuisance; 
there is no element of the sur- 
prise that aids digestion, and old Mr. 
Augur, whom he detests, sits opposite and 
drones out his opinions on the tariff. He 
seeks relief in a treacherous use of freedom ; 
he calls on an old friend whose blue eyes 
once thrilled him. She never married, and 
lie, forgetting the numerical distribution of 
the sexes, has at times reproached himself 
secretly. Somehow she seems faded; her 
eyes arc dull, he notices deep lines and a 
crumbling chin. She thinks he has growu 
: stout; she asks many questions about his 
I wife and wonders when his daughter is com- 
ing out. 

The next day opens stormily. He, cannot 
find certain articles o£ toilet. A variegated 
vest lias disappeared. The maid-servant is 
indifferent to his complaint. He dines at a 
restaurant, and the different dishes taste 
alike. He goes to a theatre and tries to 
laugh, but the laugh is strangely like a yawn. 
When he returns home he finds that the bed- 
room is like an oven, for the blinds were not 
closed during the afternoon. And now from 
day today his spiiics droop lower and lower. 
He tries pleasure trips ; in the railway car he 
is crowded and stewed ; on the boat lie falls 
in with a party of boisterous sports; driving 
with a friend he escapes narrowly an electric 
ear. He cannot endure the solitude of his 
house ; the heartless babble of public dining 
rooms intensities his loneliness. He has 
heard all the stories of club companions, and 
he is acquainted fully with their political 
views. His liuen is not starched to his taste. 
There is dust on the bureau. He misses the 
eager look of the little girl, and her prompt 
appreciation when he speaks. At the end of 
two weeks the summer bachelor has symp- 
! toms of dyspepsia. 

The wife in a quiet, cool resort receives a 
letter urging her return. If she were cruel, 
she would delay an answer; but she replies 
promptly that on account of the child she 
wishes to finish the stay of a month. The 
summer bachelor makes a heroic struggle for 
enjoyment. At the end of another week ho 
sends a telegram. The telegram announces 
his immediate arrival. 

A i 


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' ::: 

The substitution of the National Guard of 
Pennsylvania for Pinkerton’s private army 
is a welcome relief. If law and order can be 
niaintained only by bloodshed, let it be the 
affair of the State, which owes protection to 
its citizens when they are in the exercise of 
heir lawful rights. 

Asparagus which Southe; insisted should 
be spelt “sparagrass,” has been so plentiful 
in Brunswick that nobody would pay a cent 
tor a pound of it, and it was fed to cows and 
sheep. The lovers of the table who groan at 
his waste should remember that in certain 
Western towns, as Kansas City, sweetbreads 
ire not regarded as a delicacy, and are 
thrown away by all selfpespecting butchers. 

1 The death of Captain Meyer in n duel may 
yet benefit France. A bill Is to he intro- 
I duced providing a maximum penalty of a 
year’s imprisonment and a fine of $400 for 
I engaging in a duel ; if the duelist kills his 
opponent, tho maximum imprisonment will 
be three years and the fine $2500. This is 
not the first attempt to introduce such a bil. 
and tho question was considered seriously as 
long ago as 1851. But inasmuch ns nearly 
ill the leading public men o£ France have 
jitlier called out or have been called out, the 
problem was ticklish. The death of 
Meyer, however, has provoked much feeling 
and blunted tile point of Mark Twain’s joke 
about the catarrhal dangers of a French duel 
Sian early hour in the morning. 

There will be a dozen volumes of the 
memoirs of Kossuth, but a rash statement 
made by the aged patriot to an English cor- 
respondent may well shake public confi- 
dence in the integrity of the facts narrated 
therein. “I never read books printed about 
aie nor notices in the newspapers.” Now 
the man who “never reads newspapers” and 
aas his “attention called to an article ’’ is 
rpt to rise nervously betimes that he may 
j anticipate the arrival of the carrier. 

During the investigation of insurance 
| affairs in New York city, it was discovered 
that one of the most enviable and lucrative of 
human callings is that of janitorship. bo in 
the aftermath that follows the first crop of 
Maverick Bank news, it is found out that 
the indorsement of an elevator man carries 
with it the credit of the Bank of England. 

Etna awakes from her sleep and reminds 
the vrorld of her former reputation. It is 
hard for us to realize the terror and the ruin 
that run in the streams of lava. Shipwrecks, 
fires, floods, balloon and railway accidents, 
earthquakes, and the work of the pestilence, 
are not foreign to us; but in these days a 
volcanic eruption seems an anachronism. 

Many will remember the sensation excited 
thirty years ago by the publication of Hugo’s 
description of Jean Yaljean’s escape through 
the sewers of Paris. And yet in all those 
famous chapters there is no item of horror 
as intense as the “slimy, filthy box” 
through which nine men last Friday wrig- 
gled their way to the light and possible free- 
I lorn. 

The letter of Mr. Tyndall on the English 
flections is another instance of the bigotry 
of the professional fair and free thinker. 

] tThe man that calls attention to his tolerance 
is often most illiberal, and Mr. Tyndall in 
his attack v on Gladstone shows a malignity 
I unsurpassed by any of the people, who “ are 
steeped to the lips in sacerdotalism.” The 
most pathetic feature of the case is that, in 
ipite of his fear of meeting the fate of Bruno 
If the Liberals succeed, the eminent profes- 
sor has actually “postponed a visit to the 
Aflps ” that he may vote. 

The Headmasters’ Association in England 
’ Is considering a pension scheme for school- 
masters. The members all admit that there 
Is a special necessity for some provision 
against old age or disablement; and English 
teachers who have passed middle age find it 
difficult, it is said, to find engagements. 
No feasible plan has as yet been 
, suggested. The London Times is 
In favor of a university scholastic agency 
assuming the position of an unpaid agent for 
carefully selected insurance companies ; there 
would be a substantial reduction in the pre- 
mium which would benefit the policy holder; 
and the Headmasters’ Association would 
recognize insurance as a qualification for pre- 

The English sparrow is surely a monster of 
evil, for each year he is convicted of a new 
| crime, nor are the depths of liis depravity 
completely sounded, it appears that he 
shows a vicious fondness for yellow, purple 
and white crocuses, which lie greedily 
devours even in the sheath. He also attacks 
primroses. The fact that he thus obtains 
food at a time of year when larvae, etc., are 
scarce is a weak defence; for his right to be 
hungry is not beyond the challenge of his 

An astrologer, whose worldly name is 
Chaney, foretells Democratic success in No- 
vember, moved by the fact that in the horo- 
scope of Mr. Cleveland’s nomination “Mer- 
cury rules Gemini, and is therefore ruler of 
the scene.” However ballots may be in- 
fluenced by this astrological event, it is easy 
to see the fitness of the planet to the occa- i 
non ; especially when the noisy clamor for | 
spoils is taken into consideration. Accord- I 
ing to the ingenious Dr. Lempriere, Mercury ; 
not only presided over orators and do- 
elaimers, “he was also the god of thieves, 
pickpockets and all dishonest persons.” 

Tho Westorn girl utilizes her knowfedgo of 

science and the nomenclature GicreoR When 

she writes a letter to her lover she does not 

close with a conventional phrase, as “ Yours 
always,” or “Your own,” heavily under- 
scored. Sho puts the words “I’sittaeula 
Swindoreniana ” before her name. At least, 
so we are informed by a .St. Louis editor, 
who reveals Ills omniscience in one of those 
delightful “Question and Answer” columns. 
He kindly explains the phrase as follows: 
“ The scientific Latin name of Swlndern’s 
love bird, a species of parrots remarkable 
1 for their attachment to each other.” The 
Western girl— bless her— is nothing if not 


f jL 

. . 

AT n# * E OK A1IKOAO) 

I lllc numbei i of young men and young 

women who go, to European cities to study 

singing, or the use of a musical instrument 
or composition, increases with eacii succeed- 
ing year. Many of these students return to 
us disappointed, discouraged and often physi- 
cally rncapacited for future work. In view 
of these failures, it is not surprising, then 
that earnest patriots cry out against musical 

(study in foreign towns, and allege that it is 
unnecessary and disloyal to neglect the op- 
portunities given in our own country. It is 
true that there has bee,n a remarkable 
advance in the condition of music 
(in the United States. The schools 
lof music are more thorough in the instruc- 
tion, and their teachers are more competent. 
Why should «he young student go to the ex- 
pense of an ocean voyage? Why should he 
ose valuable time in the acquisition of a 
language so that he can understand the 
meaning of his teacher? Or why should a 
young girl subject herself to insufficient diet 
and to the unpleasant experiences that fall 
cm- ' ,e 0t ° £ unprotectetl women in a foreign 

: But it is not merely a question of compara- 
tive national advantage . The charlatan ex- 
ists in every town. Poverty demands low 
; Iiving m America as well as in*Gennany. 
iNervous depression is not bounded bv Geo- 
graphical lines. The lazy, the vacitlaUng 
show tlie same characteristics even if thev 
change the sky. The boy or the girl of mush 
cal genius is recognized in Boston or in Ber- 
lin. I he great question, however, is the 
question of personal fitness. Formerly it 
was thought that the musician, like the poet 
vvas born; to-day the arts are trades open to 
all. I o be able to please parents and friends 
by singing or playing is an accomplish- 
ment that may be acquired easily 
It is a very different thing to fit’ 
oneself for appearance iu public, or to as- 
sume the responsible position of a teacher. 
Unfortunately, music is too often regard d 
as tlie resource of tho faint hearted who 
shrink from rough work, of girls who are 
obliged unexpectedly to support themselves 
of all those that seek “genteel” employ- 
ment. The superficial accomplishment be- 
comes the means of earning bread and but- 
ter. There is no questiou of previous ap- 
prenticeship; friends use their influence in 
securing pupils ; and the blind lead the blind j 
No hasty journey to Europe and back will 
be of benefit. 

The horn musician, in tlie face of diseng- 
agement and poverty, comes to tin front, and 
as a rule, gains au opportunity an a hearing’ 

He finds his way to the right teacher, for 
there is sue!) a thing as instinct. lie finds 
better instruction and a more congenial 
atmosphere in Paris, Berlin, Brussels or 
V-enna than in the cities of this country. 

1 here is no need of labored argument con- 
cerning tlie relative national advantages. 

Tho time will come, undoubted!}-, when 
it will not he necessary | 0 
cross tlie Atlantic to learn and to hear. At 
present, by the nearly unanimous verdict of 
all serious musicians, tho patient pursuit of 
knowledge in such a town as Paris or Berlin 
is indispensable to tlie full growth of the 
young musician of genuine worth. Not that 
he should follow blindly the examples ffiven 
him there, and be a clever imitator hut lie 
may then be a master of tlie great art of 
elimination, and his own individuality will i 
be purified and sane. 

The news of tlie serious illness of Mr. 
George William Curtis will be heard with 
sincere regret by personal friends and by all 
those who have for years profited by the wit i 
and the wisdom couched in the polished sen- ' 
fences of tlie gentle philosopher in “The 
Easy Chair.” Our country is not to-day so 
rich in things spiritual that we can afford to 
lose the essayist who follows iu direct line [ 
the Steele of “The Tattler” a id the Thack- 
eray of “The Iloundahout Papers,” the I 
orator whose generous and lofty thought is 1 
equaled by the serene purity of liis style. 

The impertinent curiosity of the American 
new -piper is each day more aggressive, un- 

oentrolled. The Jenkins, once so bitterly 
rebuked by Thackeray and Curtis, is now- 
heard with eagerness as he retails his gossip. 

A prominent journal gave an elaborate ac- 
count this month of tire underwear of the 
wife of a man in public life, and 
oalled her by name. Perhaps, after all, it is 
not the fault of the newspaper, when there I 
Is no protest from the reader, or even the ’ 
wearer. Privacy seems a lost art ; the wash- 
ing of dirty linen is an affair of public inter- 

The destruction of individuality is not con- 
vened to the camp aud to the prison. It is the 
tendency of modem autocrats of fashion to 
reduce the domestics of a household to care- 
fully oiled and polished machines. Take, 
for example, the rules for the coachman, 
drawn up by Count Wrangel in his “Book 
on the Horse. - ’ 

“ The coachman shall sit in a straight but not 
stiff position, with the arms touching his bo ly, 
the legs stretched forward heel to heel, on the 
-ight sole of the box. He mast never salute 
anybody of his acquaintance whom he might 
jossibly meet. His fe»et should not be covered 
?ven in winter, as it might possibly lead people 
to think that hi« footgear is not in order.” 

Draco himself would have approved; and 
the coachman must envy the limited freedom 
?f the driven horses. 

The too independent American is apt to i 
question and even deny the value of the j 
words “ not transferable ” which are often j 
yrinted on season tickets. The value in 
England was tested lately in court. A woman 
gave two of her servants the use of season 
tickets to the Crystal Palace. They w ere 
suspected at the door and arrested ; as a re- 
sult of mistaken benevolence the girls were 
fined $15 apiece by the magistrate. Here, a 
season ticket sometimes knows many owners. 

The singular variety of mental disease 
known as acute Wagnerism, is again re- 
vealed in the recent discovery by certain 
iisciples of the “The Master,” that the pro- 
ile of rock, “The Old Man of the Moun- 
.;-,ins,” is a remarkable likeness of W agner. 
\nd in the translation of “The 
Meistersingers,” by Mr. John P. i 
Jackson, this “natural portrait of 1 
Wagner” is given as an illustration, with a 
title to the effect that it was “ formerly- 
known as * The Old Man of the Mountains.’ ” 
>ueh arrogance of cult is unknown even in 
the shadow of the Baireuth TemDle-. 

Ulstory repeats itself. When Iago was 
maddened by the reproaches of Brabantio, 
he summed np all his scorn in the reply, 
“You are a Senator.” Mr. Comerford in his 
late difficulty with Mr. Lee, President of the 
B^ard of Aldermen, followed in like vein 
with “ You are an Alderman;’’ then un- 
fortunatelv for his reputation as a master of 
epigram, he diluted the force by weak ex- 

The English, not content with abusing our 
spelling and complaining of "American- 
isms,” are now assaulting our air. They at- 
tribute the-uervous depression of Paderew- 
ski and the throat trouble of Jean 
dc- Reszke to our climate. “It is 

doubtful even whether the golden harvest 
reaped by successful artists in America 
ig not too dearly bought” But there is no 
law in this country compelling pianists to 
tax their strength beyond endurance for the 
sake of gain, and Reszke finds that 
our climate will allow him to accept engage- 
ments that will result in making his stay 
here permanent. 

Onr theatre goers will mourn the death ol 
pretty Lottie Collins, although their pleasure 
was only in anticipation. It is the old story 
of overwork from the desire to be suddenly 
rich. The saddest feature of the tragedy is 
that the silly burden of the inane song “ Ta- 
Ka-Ra-Boom De Ay." first made famous by I 
the per-onal charm and the dash of the j 
singer, outlives the woman who gave it to 1 
the public. 

Whatever may be the result of the investi- 
gation of the causes of the death of Josiah 
Wasson, there is a grimnesa in the detail of 

the attending Circumstances that mocks. the 

Imagination of romance. 'Hie bitter words 
between the men of 80 and 65, the special 
application by the deposed clergyman of 
chapters of Holy Writ that speak of the vis- , 
Station of divine wrath, the hoeing of the 
peaceful earth »x-fore the di-appearance that 
was followed by the finding of the dead— here 
are incidents that arranged in fiction might 
be regarded as wrenched, and out of keeping j 
with New England country life. 

Mr. Edward Walford for fifty years’ ser- 
vice to literature was granted a few days ago 
a pension of £100 a year by the English Gov- 
ernment. The Pall Mall Gazette contrasts 

the amount with thwannual pen-nwi of 1300 t 
Which will soon be given to a doorkeeper in j 
the House of Lords-wh© is paid £500 a year 

—and adds irreverently, “ Better be a door^ 
keeper in.the House of Lords, et<x 

- f ^ 

modkh.x rAJS'i i: i\ niTiox. 

Modern nervousness is pleased with the 
short story. Not that the story of a few 
pages is a tiling of receut invention, for the 
old Italians delighted iu it; it was known to 
the readers of Blackwood when “Magn” 
was a power in the land ; it served the 
genius of Hawthorne aud Poe. But it is 
within a few years that the realistic narrator 
of a strange or a thrilling episode or the 
keen etcher of character has won fame sud- 
denly in a tale of scanty dimensions. The 
conventional three-vuiume novel of the Eng- 
lish circulating library is to the short story 
as tiie five-act opera of the French or the 
music drama of Wagner is to the one-act 
melodrama of Maseagul and his rivals. The 
reader of to-day craves suggestion 
rather than elaboration. In former years 
the hero of a novel was born ; his edu- 
cation, his opinions, liis struggles, his 
ultimate success or failure, together with 
social, political and scenic digressions, 
swelled the list of chapters— and the renting 
of the orthodox novel was a task to be leis- 
urely performed; im-rruption was admitted. 

yes, welcomed ; the volunms were often 
merely mild narcotics. To-Uav the short 
story is swallowed hastily as a stimulant, a 
literary cocktail. It provokes a laugh, or a 
momentary feeling of sadness; it gives a 
sudden twist to a nerve, or it is the text for 
a sermon that may be preached to himself by 
the reader. A cruel episode reminds one of 
the vanity of life. A grotesque character 
sketch induces doubt of human sanity. 

: ”Tho art that is displayed in the short storyis 
often and undeniably great. Here the French 
lead easily. Their seuse of suggestion is 
keenly developed ; they know the value of 
artful simplicity. With them it is not so 
much that which a character actually says 
it is what he might or should say. Above all 
the Gallic mind has the supreme gift of 
artistic proportion. Nor is it rash to say 
that the Americans are next in order, for the 
rare genius of Thomas Hardy, as seen in 
“Wessex Tales,” is not enough to establish 
prior English claims, and the Russians are 
not generally as powerful in the sketch as in 
the work of long breath, which rivals the. 
mightiness of the steppes hounded by far-off 
horizons. It would be a pleasant yet un- 
necessary duty to recount the catalogue of 
distinguished American story tellers. The 
names arc familiar; the stories are known 
to all. 

In this sacrifice to modern intensity lurk 
dangers to the highest art. The attention of 
the reader must be won immediately. The 
strokes must be direct. The impression must 
be lasting. Exaggeration and caricature are 
apt to enter hand in hand with lorce that is 
brutal aud with inference that is false. No 
man in real life would be willing to be judged 
by certain episodes in his career, and yet 
these episodes would furnish the richest ma- 
terial for “ copy.” Nor should the final sum- 
ming up of character rest on such fleeting 
episodes. In the haste to draw sharply, the 
lines are often too heavy, or too much is left 
to the imagination. In the desire to be 
strong, the style often suffers, and in the 
hands of uncontrolled realists the speech is 
akin to that of the jester at the table of Can 
Grande della Scala of Verona, so epigram- 
matically described by Rossetti. Or, from 
the longing to be intense, obscurity rules. 
Or, from an imperfect sense of values, the 
subject is intrinsically trivial, unworthy of 
the labor of the polisher of sentences. The 
man is lost sight of in the thought of the ar- 
tist. It is in this again that the French ex- 
cel. For even in the coarsest or most repul- 
sive story of Maupa-sant there is the feeling 
of humanity, the appreciation of the com- 
mon, every day joys and sorrows of men and 

It seems that the Pennsylvania citizen 
soldiers did not provide themselves with 
beef or bread, but they tilled their knapsacks 
witli bottles of beer, which they wrapped 
thoughtfully in undershirts. According to 
Artcmus Ward, it was a “gory member” of 
the home guard who wrote to his friends dur. 
lng the early days of the Civil War that 
» wbat we brave boys need is fruit cake and 
v allies ; never mind the blankets.” 

It is said that the report of the death of 
Mr. Astor was a “ hoax.” Such cruel prac- 
tical jokes were regarded as a variety of 
agreeable wit in the days of Theodore Hook; 
but it was thought that they passed out of 
existence with the death of “Dundreary” 
botliern. No explanation is given of the 
false dispatch concerning Lottie Collins, and 
there is still an excuse for the life of her 

— il— 3. 3, f 9 

Men and women live in fancied security- fit ' 
the foot of an Alpine glacier. Visitors come 
from foreign parts aud examine curiously the 
sluggish monster ; they crawl over its body; 
they prod it with iron-pointed sticks; they 
photograph the pleasing features. Or in- ’ 
valid* seek strength by inhaling .its icy \ 
breath. Suddenly, at night; < he ..glacier ds 
impatient. It is awakened to a sense of out- 
raged dignity. It destroys humanity, as a 
man carelessly rids himself of tormenting in- 

The Rev. Dr. Henry M. Field denies em- 
phatically that his brother Cyrus was insane, 
aud this is not merely an iustance of 
loyal brotherly affection. That the mind of 
a dying man returns to the early scenes or 
the striking episodes of his life is not un- 
natural. The wounded soldier in a foreign 
land thought of sweet Argos; Napoleon 
at St. Helena fought at Marengo ; even the 
tavern-haunting Falstaff, just before the end, 
babbled of green fields. 

Sir Herbert Maxwell is the name of the 
latest dispeller of illusions. He claims that 
“ there is more good wine made at the pres- 
snt time than in any former period of fhe 
world's history ;” but he admits that, “ rel- 
atively to those who can afford it there is 
many times less.” Madeira that has been 
twice. round the Cape is an "acid liquid,” 
aud “20 port, my boy, suggests a compound 
of Harvey sauce and treacle.” If this be 
true, California may yet be synonymous with 
Seres, and New Jersey more famous to the 
true cenophilist than Kheims. 

Professor Vogt divides women into “ poly- 
metric and monometric.” To him the 
Queen of England is a rare example of a 
monouietric, who always chooses one man 
whom “ she constitutes her ideal of all other 
men of the same office, social class or pro- 
fession. For the Queen of England, there ex- 
isted only one perfect husband; only one con- 
summate flower of statesmanship, Beacons- 
field ; and only one ideally complete natural 
scientist, August Wilhelm Hoffman.” But 
all woman are surely monometric in the mat- 
ter of husbands, that is, when they make 
their selection ; and in this they will not 
yield to Victoria, Queen of Great Britain and 
Empress of India. 

According to the report of the committee 
of the Royal Society on “Color Vision,” 
there is “cramming” for the necessary ex- 
aminations to which engine drivers and sea- 
men are submitted. Colors are shown to the 
pupil and he is taught to discriminate. There 
are singular facts connected with this pecu- 
liar blindness. A temporary infirmity may- 
be brought on by excessive smoking. A 
huudred girls can be tested in the same time 
as forty boys ; for color blindness is rare 
among women. One examiner found a per- 
centage of a little more than 3 in the 32,165 
men that were tested. 

Prof. Aleee Fortier is compiling a work on 
Louisiana folk-lore, which will without 
doubt be a valuable contribution to the lit- 
erature of the American Folk-lore Society. 
The material will come necessarily from the 
traditions and legends iu prose and verse of 
the negro, the Creole, the Spaniard and the 
French, and possibly the Indian. These 
legends find their mates in the. countries of 
Northern Europe as well as in the aged lands 
of Asia ; they often may be traced back to 
the myths common to all early inhabitants of 
the globe, the attempts to explain natural 

/ Y - 

The Rev. F. B. Meyer of London, who is at 
Northfield during the annual conference, was 
unanimously called in June to succeed the 
Rev. Newman Hall of Christ Church. This 
church has a peculiar constitution. It is not 
limited to any one denomination. “It is not 
connected with the Church of En- 
gland, the Free Church, the Countess 

of Huntingdon’s Connexion, the Con- 

gregationalists or any other; but it 
is in fraternal union with all who love the 
Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. Members of 
any Evangelical Church may join it without 
renouncing their denominational prefer- 

ences, and pastors may be appointed, irre- 
spective of their views on baptism or church 
government.” Nevertheless, baptism is ad- 
ministered publicly, as occasion requires, 
after one of the services. Mr. Meyer was 
formerly a member of Mr. Hall’s congrega- 
tion, and afterward the pastor of a Baptist 

The inconsistency of V a fc»w ns voiced by 
juries is shown again in the acquittal of Mrs. 
Raymond, who was tried this week at Paris 
for murder. The circumstances of the case 
were parallel to those of the Deacon affair, 
with this different' woman was killed by 
an insulted wife. .t the sight of a young 
and pretty brum i, hysterical and “fash- 
ionably dressed,” appealed irresistibly to the 
sjmpathy of the Jury. 

vill not be given up on »^ n f dl ^ rder in 
of the proprietor. IM*W*i* in tho dusty 
the arrangefnen , which a treasure 

by-ways, the circum- 

ItanceTo'f'tS search ' shilrpened the zest of 

the explorer. 


It is said commonly that Mr. William W- 
Astor will now have the pleasure of reading 
the obituary notices inspired by the false re- 
port of his death. Will the reading be a 
pleasure? It is better to make the instance 
general; and the question then is this: 
Would nine out of ten be satisfied fully if 
they were permitted to know the post mortem 
summing up of the character of their daily 
walk and conversation and the results of the 
work of life? 

It is true that the traditional respect for 
the dead warps the judgment. To analyze, 
to apply tests to character and ability before 
the funeral rites is still regarded as sacrilege. 

It would be idle to investigate the cause or 
to discuss the habit. In all countries death 
puts an end for a season to adverse criticism, 
words of warning and just rebuke. The 
merits of the departed are swollen to abnor- 
mal proportions. The ordinary virtues of 
decent life become spiritual phenomena. The 
failings and the vices are buried before the 
body is lowered to its resting place. If one 
shows a lack of conventional taste and holds 
the balances he is likened by an indignant 
public unto the hyena. And so there is noisy 
praise or grateful oblivion until the advent 
of the realistic biographer and the discloser 
of private correspondence. 

The superficial observer might insist, and 
with apparent reason, that the ante-mortem 
reading of post-mortem eulogy should afford 
the reader particularly interested unalloyed 
happiness. It should strengthen the good 
opinion previously entertained; it should 
arm him with fresh weapons for the fight of 
the remaining years. For his associates in 
business know at last the value of his ser- 
vices ; his wife and children are now con- 
vinced that he is a man of ability, a tender 
husband and a sage father; the State is se- 
cure as long as she nurtures such citizens ; 
his deeds of charity are acknowledged openly. 

Alas, there enters in the petty vanity of 
man. Trifling inaccuracies disturb mightily. 
Tlie date of his birth is erroneous as given. 
Tile fact that he was at the head of his class 
in college is unrecorded. The history of his 
connection witli the militia is confined to a 
few scant lines. Or there is no mention of 
the leading case in which he won re- 
nown. The title of his own favorite 
article for a magazine is misquoted. ISo 
mention is made of his declining an offer of 
nomination to a petty office, although lie 
was solicited earnestly by leading citizens. 
Nor is he content with the terms of eulogy. 
“ Genial ” is to him a cold adjective, and "a 
man of force and integrity” seems an ex- 
pression of faint praise. He is grieved 
when he finds that the death of a neighbor 
ate more space in the obituary column than 
was allowed to the record of his own per- 
formances. He awakes in the night and 
wonders why the editor does not oversee his 
I work with greater diligence, and lie at- 
] tributes finally this particular negligence to 
a long-hidden feeling of hostility. He sus- 
pects his family and his friends of self- 
contained and ironical commentary on the 
fact that, after all, he was of so little impor- 
tance. Tlie thought that he is in duty bound 
to live up to his fictitious reputation never 
| occurs to him. J / "j 

i s'- 

There is a club of women in Chicago that” 
deserves respect and imitation. It was not 
organized for the purpose of climbing 
genealogical trees, originating and develop- 
ing fads, or depriving men of their rights. It 
is a boarding club for working girls on the 
co-operative plan. New members are elected 
the stewardess is appointed, bills are con- 
tracted and paid by the members themselves 
on the co-operative basis. The rooms are 
cheerful and decorated with taste, and tlie 
expenses are managed so prudently that in 
June each, member paid only $2 61^ per week 
*”r her room and her board. 

The Chicago lnter-Oo<Rn, while It allows 
that “it would have been a noble compli- 
ment to Whittier to invito him to write the 
Columbian ode,” disproves the proverb con- 
cerning tlie prophet and surpasses the faith 
of the grain of mustard seed by declaring 
that neither Whittier “ nor any other Ameri- 
can poet is abler to satisfy the supreme de- 
mands of the rare occasion than tho now un- 
known, but to be celebrated Chicago poetess, 
Miss Harriets. Monroe.” 

The Schoolmastor, a London journal, de- 
fends tlie teachers of that city from tlie 
charge of negligence in the matter of street 
manuers by stating that the civilizing in- 
fluence of the school is of no avail on account 
of tlie barbarism of the home. It admits, 
however, that the rowdyism of tho children 
in public places is a disgrace to the town. 

Tlie treacherous treatment of the flannel 
shirt by Mr. C. A. Dana, philosopher and 
journalist, can only he accounted for by an 
application of the doctrine of human per- 
verseness, which fascinated by its workings 
the mind of Poe. It was not long ago that 
the Sun was the poet laureate of the flannel 
shirt; essays were written concerning its 
merits, with digressions in the style of Mon- 
taigne. When the garment was at tlie height 
of its glory, there was a suddden revulsion iii 
the office of the Sun; and now its fame 
shrinks even as the material itself. 

The German clergyman that refused at 
Meningen to marry a couple of his parishion- 
ers unless tlie bride removed her orange- 
blossoms, called the traditional ornament 
“heathen tomfoolery.” But in ills work of 
destroying the vestiges of paganism he 
should begin at the beginning, and change 
tlie names of the days and the months. 

It seemed as though the journey of tlie 
Avion Society of New York to tlie chief Ger- 
man cities would be an instance of carrying 
coals to Newcastle, or owls to Athens ; but 
tlie concerts in Berlin have been crowded, 
and tlie singing under tlie direction of Mr! 
Van der Stucken lias won tlie highest praise. 
Nor were the songs so cheered only in cele- 
bration of Germany and German customs and 
traditions, “ Dixie’s Land ” and “ Tlie Star 
Spangled Banner” showed that tlie Arion- 
ltes are loyal to the land of their adoption. 


The romantic Queen of Roumania, known 
to readers of books as “ Carmen Sylvn,” en- 
couraged her nephew, the Crown Prince 
Ferdinand, in his wooing of Miss Vacareseo, 
a girl without title and without money ; for 
she was fond of her. Tlie Government, 
however, looked askew at the lovers; there 
were pleadings and threats ; the attention of 
the young man was called to the charms and 
the advantages of Princess Marie, tlie eldest 
daughter of the Duke of Edinburgh. The 
Crown Prince was persuaded. He regarded 
not the wisdom of the old maxim, and before 
he was off with the old love lie was on with 
the now. There was a final wrench, and 
' Miss Vacareseo was left with tender memo- 
ries and a thick package of letters of a highly 
inflammable nature, which were signed with 
the name of Ferdinand. 

The Crown Prince was unacquainted with 
the sage remark of Martin Van Buren to the 
effect that it was better to walk ten miles to 
see a man than to transact important busi- 
ness by correspondence. Pen and ink and 
paper were the accessory mediums of the ex- 
pression of his feelings. He catalogued her 
charms ; he confessed his own unworthiness; 
lie spoke of happiness as dependent on tlie 
existence of one woman ; lie swore lasting 
fidelity in two worlds. Miss Vacareseo was i 
not crushed by tlie desertion. She sought re- 
venge; she meditated its accomplishment. 
To kill her former lover would be a common- 
place action. Tlie murder of the body was 
naught in comparison with the stabbing of 
the mind. To disfigure him by an unexpected 
application of vitriol would be to lower 
herself to the level of tlie jealous Parisian 
shopkeeper. Or, if her revenge led to a 
tragedy, sympathy would frown on her and 
she would be forced to submit to the unpleas- 
ant formalities of trial and execution. At 
last she devised a torture that would wring 
the heart of her rival and make tlie faithless 
one ridiculous. She sent daily to tlie Prin- 
cess Marie a love letter written by Ferdinand 
to her before he knew of his Engli-.ii sweet- 
heart. The same mail brought to Marie rival 
letters. She was thus enabled to compare 
tho protestations of affection, notice or miss 
improvement in literary style, and give her 
individual answer to tlie question whether a j 
woman may not prefer esteem that is ex- 
pressed iti phrases refined and purified by the 
process of experience to tlie crude outpour- 
ing of natural, unreflecting and impetuous 

Tlie poisonous malignity of the beautiful 
Vacareseo is probably without parallel in the 
long chapter of feminine revenge. To have 
sent tlie letters in a package to Marie would 

have given tlm^prefei red one a stnldu^ shock ; 
but by such an action Miss Vacareseo would 
have run the risk of being conquered by the 
generosity of thh Princess, who mtgh: have 

returned thorn to Ferdinand unopened; for 
I there have been such instances reoorded — in 
| plays and in novels. But what woman could 
resist the temptation of dosing daily her 
curiosity, even though she knew in advance 
the effect of cumulative poisoning? One day 
in. fune a letter came from Ferdinand in 
which ho quoted flattering verses; but the 
year before he scut the same verses to “ the 
Vacareseo woman,’’ and underscored them 
heavily. He had exhausted the epistolary 
language of passion before he wrote his first 
love letter to the Princess. The first glorious 
crop was gathered by a woman of the people; 
to the granddaughter of Victoria falls tlie 
scanty and bitter aftermath. 

Tlie barbarous Chinaman will gamble even ! 
when, transplanted, he is surrounded by the 
advantages of civilization. He follows the 
example of white men of antiquity, of tlie 
middle ages and of our own enlightened day. 
Yee Sinn and Goon Dong and Goon Doy play 
fan-tan and “ rettery ” in Harrison avenue 
just as American fellow townsmen indulge 
in poker in the club rooms of more fashiona- 
ble streets. 

Gen. Harding, equerry to Queen Victoria, 
was one of the six hundred who rode into the 
valley of death at Baiaklava. By an irony of 
life; the man who was spared by sword and 
bullet, shot. and shell, died yesterday from 
the results of a carriage accident. 

The omniscient reporter has discovered a 
man at Homestead who would blow up 
gladly the entire Carnegie plant, for he could 
thus prove to tlie world the superiority of the 
explosive mixture of Ills own inven- 
tion. He has the customary qualifications 
and traditional characteristics of his kind. 
He is a chemist, reserved in his manners, and 
lie lias only been iu America a few years. 
“He can hardly speak a word of English,” 
and it will be noticed again that English is 
not the native tongue of Anarchists, dyna- 
miters or other chemical promoters of tlie 
redistribution of property and the inaugura- 
tion of the millennium. 

Lovers of the drama will be interested in ] 
the news from Bay Head. Mr. Casey, wlto 
will be stage manager at New Orleans at the 
production of the melodrama in which John 
L. Sullivan is expected to take tlie leading 
part, was not content with the physical con- 
dition of the playactor. He found that sea 
.baths, long walks, violent exercise with 
balls and bags brought tardy results. But 
lie kept Mr. Sullivan from his bed engaged 
in the study of a new play, “Capt. Harcourt, 
or the man from Boston,” and the loss in 
flesh was so gratifying that Sullivan “will 
spend some portion of his remaining even- 
ings iu study." 

I lie Woonsocket Reporter is curious con- 
cerning the disappearance from tlie world of 
American girls with phenomenal voices 
|vho have aciiieved big reputations in tlie 
European conservatories, who have made 
successful debuts at musical entertainments 
of piominence, but strangely enough they are 
never or seldom heard of in their own native 
land. ” These reputations are often fictitious. 
Foieign coi respondents in many cases act 
merely as advance agents, for they are be- 
sieged by the mothers, or influenced by pa- 
triotic feelings; or they lose judgment in ad- 
miration of the girl. It is an easy matter to 
gain a hearing at “musical entertainments of 
prominence,’ and it is still easier to obtain 
fulsome and printed praise. The singer of 
genuine worth does not disappear from view, 
unless she prefers marriage to a career and 
lakes to herself a prudent husband. 

A .v i.Uil r. i> com:. 

Tlie pleasure of a summer visit might be 
genuine if the confidential relations that 
should exist between host and guest were de- 
fined and understood. It is not given to 
every one to play tlie entertainer. The ideal 
host is neither an innkeeper nor the governor - 
of a penal institution ; yet there should be 
unwritten rules and regulations which would 
meet the approval of the guest. In certain 
English country houses it is the habit to take 
from the visitor his purse as soon as lie lias 
crossed the threshold. This practice cannot 
be commended. It is an ostentatious manner 
of assuring tlie guest that he will he iu want 
of nothing during ills stay. But there is a 
similar custom in jails, and such an indecent 

libortv on the part of a host might be accom- 
panied fitly b\ iho entrance of a barber and 
a photographer. Such paternity in house- 
hold government wounds the self-respect ol 
the stranger, wh" surety needs no blunt n*- 

; minder that he is dependent for a time on 
■ charity. 

With the exception of the hour of dinner 
> there should be no clock of amusements : nor 
i should the amusements he compulsory. 

, There are upright and amiable people that 
' during a vacation do not feel the m'ed of ac- 
tive exercise. An invitation to go a-tishing 
at an early hour in the day does not appeal 
to them. Such an invitation may be sug- 
g. sted : it should never be issued as a com- 
mand iu the saddle. Others do not delight in 
the solemnity of a processional drive. One 
man craves the privilege of rummaging at 
will in a library; but he is obliged to read a 
novel-with-a-purpose, so that he may be con- 
tradicted thereafter in criticism by the host- 
ess, who insisted. If that abomination of 
desolation, a casino, is in the neighborhood, 
why should a man, wearied by the past sea- 
son, be required to attend a lion and look the 
jaded reveler? Is not the cool piazza more 
to be desired than a tramp of inspection of the 
farm? Is not the lounging in careless attire 
in the privacy of one's chamber to be pre- 
ferred to whist in the company of three en- 
thusiasts? Truly, these questions may be 
reversed. The individuality of the guest 

should be recognized ; he should feel at lib- 
erty to consult his own tastes and inclina- 

It is well to have the length of the visit 
fixed. The stay should not hang on the 
caprice of the guest, so that his departure be- 
comes a movable feast. There is nothing 
churlish in an invitation with time restric- 
tions. Rotation in hospitality preserves 
friendship. Few have the winning ways of 
the Chevalier Strong, who. when he was in- 
vited for a week, made the house his 
i permanent abode without the wonder of his 
j host. As soon as a guest lias told his stories, 

I ventilated his theories, shown the various 
| movements of his hobby-horse, why should 
; he not make room for another ? Many tunes 
| may be played in the course of a week or ten 
days, and they may please ; but when the 
^ other members of the company know them I 
| so intimately that they can whistle them, the 
| man with a new repertoire Is welcome. 

The depression that rules in many country 
houses would be removed if it were under- 
stood that no fees should be given to serv- 
ants. In a European hotel the head porter 
j or the waiter pays for the privilege of sorv- 
l ing that he may receive the customary fees 
and reap the rich harvest sown by ignorant 
and extravagant Americans. Why should 
the system of tipping prevail in a private 
house ? If the host cannot pay just wages he 
should not employ servants, nor should lie 
entertain guests. Where fees are expected, 
the civility of service is turned to expectancy, 
and traiued attention is the sharpest avarice. 

At table, where all cares should be forgotten, 
the silent waiter is then more terrible than 
the sword of Damocles. 

Warden Lovering admits that his prisoners 
are allowed to have tools in their cells, but he 
claims that they are only little ones, such as 
••small planers, knives, chisels, etc., ” which 
of course arc worthless in the invention of 
escape. A wily convict, who knows the pos- 
sible uses of such implements when they 
-erve men of patience and skill, would smile 
sardonically at this childlike admission of j 
the Warden. I 

The conflict at law between H. H. Ban- 
croft, the historian, and X. J. Stone, the 
superintendent of the publishing of the bulky 
volumes of Californian history, is full of curi- 
ous incident. Mr. Stone in his answer dis- 
ejoeos that the profit on the histories in cloth 
that are sold for S173 is £87 7.7. He claims 
that Mr. Bancroft left the prepara- 
tion of the books to others, “ some 
of whom did better and abler work 
;han said plaintiff was capable of, and a 
great many others did infinitely worse work 
than the plaintiff would have or could have 
• done.” He also states that the publication of 
“the biographies of men of note, called orig- 
inally “Chronicle of Kings,” was not far re- 
moved from a blackmailing scheme. They 
that know Mr. Bancroft, or even the. readers 
of his Interesting autobiography will be slow 
In believing the injurious statements. 

Charity grows each year more domestic and 
more practical. The distribution of ice to ' 
the sick poor of New York showed most fav- 
r.rable result* in the trying weather of last 
week. In Franklin square, Philadelphia, 
cool milk is given free to all who ask for it. 
The milk Is contributed by Chester county ' 
farmers, and it is served in a tent from 11 to | 
2 or 3 o’clock. 

The Adirondack and St. Lawrence Rail- 
way is open to passengers, and the whistle 
and the boll are heard in tracts of forest 
where for years the cry of the loon and the 
cracking of trees alone broke the stillness. 
The old frequenter of these woods will not 
be consoled for the loss of the pleasing sense 
of privacy that was akin to loneliness by the 
information that the bullet and palace cars 
“excel iu elegance of finish anything ever 
before placed in the service of the public;” 
but to the invalid the comfort of the ap- 
proach will he welcome. 

i Our country and our people are to the na- 
tions of Europe a raree-show. The foreign 

, critic stands at the peep-hole and comments 
audibly for the benefit of the surrounding 
crowd. It is just now the turn of Mr. 
Scliaffmeyer, who finds fault with our women 
because they neglect sewing and dislike the 
darning of stockiugs. The conclusion is, 
then, that they are frivolous, if not absolutely 
immoral. The saddest result of Mr. Schaff- 
meyer’s explorations is tire discovery that 
the German woman, the model housekeeper, | 
becomes corrupted in these respects as soon ! 
as she settles here. 

The Canadian Niagara Power Company 
was organized Saturday and officers were 
chosen. The purpose of the company is to 
develop the power of the Horse Shoe Falls 
and thus utilize a great wonder of nature. 
The idea is repugnant to the sentimentalist; 
it is as though Samson were bound again 
with fetters to grind in the prison house of 
the Philistines. 

Death was merciful to President Grevy in 
taking him away from the scenes of the dis- 
graceful actions of his son-in-law. The scan- 
dal concerning the sale of decorations was an 
outrage to sensitive French honor, and it 
broke the heart of Grevy. This is now par- 
ailed, according to French ideas, by the 
proof that Wilson secured office by corrupt 
means, and the punishment was swift and 
sure. The primitive ideas of the French 
people concerning the importance of money 
in elections may well excite wonder in the 
more experienced countries of Great Britian 
and the United States. 

Lauy Jeune has turned her attention from 
the deplorable condition of the fashionable 
Englishwomen to the low wages of domestic 
servants in England, and she compares the 
wages there "with those paid in this country. 
Servants are treated in much more barbarous 
fashion in Germany, as any one who has 
studied the social life of the Germans will 
testify. The sum of $3 a month is consid- 
ered fair wages. The girls are poorly fed, 
they are confined to the house and are under 
strict police supervision ; they either sleep in 
a dark cubby-hole reached by a ladder or on 
the kitchen floor, for only in the new houses, 
built on a sumptuous plan, are there sep- 
arate rooms for servants, and the prevailing 
discipline is scolding, varied occasionally by 
boxing of the ears. 

The people of Peterboro’, N. H., may well 
be congratulated on the erection of the 
library building, which is the gift of former 
residents of the town. The rooms will have 
modern conveniences for 40,000 volumes, and 
will be fire proof in every way. This Peter- 
boro’ Library has always been free, and 
therefore of general advantage to the towns- 
folk. Such preservation and generous dis- 
tribution of books cannot be too warmly en- 
couraged. It is not necessary to agreo with 
Bronson Alcott in the belief that if every 
dweller iri this country were provided with 
the complete works of Plato, the millenium 
would not long be deferred; but the knowl- 
edge of the noble thoughts of the. acknowl- 
edged great is surely one of the mightiest fac- 
tors In the making for righteousness. 

In the bicycle run of yestorday, from Boston 
to Portsmouth, the heavy men wore at a dis- 
advantage. Mr. l’liilbrlck, for example, 
who is considered “ one of the best long dis- 
tance runners in New England,” was almost 
winded by the difficulties of the rough roads. 
He weighed 180 pounds. His companion, “a 
much lighter man,” took the dispatches from 
him and made the ride to Ipswich with ease. 
Just as in boat races or in military opera- i 
tions, where the light, sinewy, well-trained I 
poney-man best hears fatigue and is master 
of his wind. 

The aristocracy of Great Britain is enriched 
to-day by the entrance of Connie Gilchrist, 
t He variety actress, into its ranks. The Earl 
of Orkney is not the first nobleman who has 
thus subjected himself to the supercilious 
comments of his associates. The line of such 
“mis-matchcrs ” is a long one, and it goes 

back to the first performances of John Gay's 
"Beggar’s Opera.” It is the woman who is 
generally the greater sufferer in these in- 
stances, and it is she who finds ou“ that the 
marriage is unequal, and that her rusband is 
below her station. 

Xx^j 7 £ ''j 

as kkkok of jtnte’roKic. 

A singular case was lecided lately in a 
London court room. It was in the days of 
the raging of the grip tint Mrs. Carltll read 
in a newspaper the, advertisement of the 
Carbolic Smoke Ball Conpany. The com- 
pany promised to give £1110 to any one who 
should have the influenza after buying and 
using one of the balls, according to the 
printed directions. Mrs. Catlill inhaled the 
preparation of carbolic regularly— that 
is, three times a day for two weeks. In spite 
of her forty-two seasons of inhalation, her 
self-disinfection was in vain, and she caught 
the influenza. When she demanded the for- 
feit, the company object'd. One of the 
grounds of the refusal was that the plaintiff 
did not take the earbolii acid into her sys- 
tem at the office of the clmpany, but this 
condition was not iu the advertisement. An 
action was brought. Mr. Justice Hawkins 
tried the case without a jury, and directed a 
verdict to be entered for the plaintiff for the 
stated sum with costs. 

There were four questions of fact and law. 
First, there was a contract. A. promise was 
made publicly and in print to give each per- 
son who followed the directions of the com- 
pany and then caught the influenza the sum 
of £100, and there was a statement that the 
company had placed a large amount of money 
in a bank that was specified to meet possible 
claims. Nor did the advertisement to be 
binding require a stamp. Again, the offer 
was not a wager, and the agreement was en- 
forceable by action. Here the Judge framed 
a definition that will be of interest to all 
members of the sporting fraternity. “If 
either of the parties may win but cannot lose, 
or may lose but cannot win, it is not a wager- 
ing contract.” The -Smoke Ball Company 
could not win, for the buyer never promised 
to pay money or do anything if the nostrum 
protected her from the disease. There was, 
therefore, no wager. And finally, the con- 
tract was not an insurance. 

This story of a lawsuit may be used in the 
pointing of various morals. The Judge said 
that sensible people might be sure that the 
company was not in earnest when it made 
the proposition ; on the other hand, “such 
advertisements do not appeal so much to the 
wise and thoughtful as to the credulous aud 
weak portions of the community.” This 
statement, however, cannot go unchallenged ; 
for there is little wisdom in the day of panic, 
and the sick man who finds no certain reme- 
dy or sure relief is often ready to consult the i 
astrologer or the Indian medicine man ; to 
submit to electricity or the laying on of 
hands. Certainly in this particular case the 
“weak and credulous” Mrs. Carlill was 
wiser in her generation than the children of 
light. But the great lessons of this decision 
apply to advertisers. The Carbolic Smoke 
Ball Company was possibly too confident in 
its belief in the efficacy of the com- 
pound; when it backed the belief by a 
promise, it should have been ready to fulfill the 
promise after a purchaser was thus doubly 
afflicted by the disease and the supposed pre- 
ventive. Or the promise was only exuber- 
ant rhetoric, like unto the advance notices of 
the traveling circus. In other words, it was 
a bluff, and the surprise wa? great when the 
purchaser did not at once throw down her 
hand. Advertisers of medicine may thus 
learn the value of calm and chaste diction. 
It is a good thing to arrest Che attention or to 
lure the reader by an apparently incongruous 
anecdote; there is room for humor or classi- 
cal allusions, but a promise of pecuniary re- 
ward in case of failure may steel the body of 
a buyer against the potency of pill or potion. 

Housekeepers would not fear fatal acei- 
lents resulting from the presence of poisou- 
)us fly-paper if the turtle of the smaller va- 
riety were substituted and allowed the free- 
dom of the kitchen and the dining room. 
The sphere of its usefulness is not limited to 
the destruction of insects. It would serve as 
a household pet and afford the children rare 
amusement. Its habits are simple; and a 
fresh lettuce leaf, undressed, would fill its 
heart with gratitude. 

■ Sir Edward is a sanguine man if 

he really belie?®* that a ship canal across 
Ireland and a tunnel connecting Ireland and 
Scotland wonW solve the problem of Home 
Rule, and bring immediate peace and 
harmony. Tile digging of .tlio canal might 
;ive “employment to thousands;'* but the 
idea of selt-sqverument is mightier than the 
noise of pick and shovel or dredging machine, 
nor is it to bo dislodged by tho thought that 

Ireland might be on the shortest sea route to 
the West.” I 

Although -Edison does not share the tra- 
iitional lot : of the prophet in his own coun- 
ty, his fame in foreign lands is of extrava- 
gant proportions. Myths circle about his 
head; he lias the fabled powers of tho l)jin; 
and the Solomon of the Arabian nights is to 
him a weakling. The story of the French 
professor ” who was alarmed by the rumor of 
r gigantic infernal machine devised by Edi- 
lon for the pleasure of the German Emperor 
jml the blotting out of Paris is only one of 
the many instances of his extraordinary 

reputation. . 

It is rumored that Mr. Henry Labouchere 
will be the Commissioner of Works and 
Buildings under the approaching Liberal 
reign. Here would be a novel experience 
for the editor of Truth, whose public life 
has been devoted notoriously to undermin- 
ing, tearing down, upsetting and general de- 

The story of the cool reception of Gen. 
Walker’s speech by the dons of Trinity Col- 
lege, Dublin, is a singular commentary on 
the state of affairs in Ireland, where the high 
in authority seem loath to acknowledge the 
bravery of men of their own land displayed 
in a righteous cause. But perhaps to the 
Dublin professors, as to certain other Eu- 
ropean observers, our Civil War was nothing 
but the conflict of “two armed mobs mov- 
ing aimlessly, and incited without reasoD. 
Or possibly the coolness was due to the nar- 
row vision of “the insular eye,” which so 
often moved Thackeray to indignation. 





The report that there is discord at Bay- 
reuth even before the first trumpet call of the 
first day of the Festival will not surprise the 

observer of the W agnerian cult. When V ag- 
ner first conceived the idea of a music temple, 
where his music dramas could be performed 
according to his peculiar theories, he was in- 
fluenced strongly by artistic motives, although 
arrogance and cunning were in his plans and 
proclamations. Encouraged by his patron, 

i the mad King of Bavaria, he chose a small 
| town, out of the beaten track pursued by 
■ travelers, wanting in attractions that might 
j divert attention. The temple was set upon a 

ii hill. A certain number of performances 
ji .were to be given there at stated intervals by 
!' men singers and women singers devoted to 

him. The journey to Bayreuth should be a 
pilgrimage ; the performance itself a solemn 
I ceremony, intelligible to the initiated 
i alone. And so the German prepared 
himself that he might be in fit spiritual 
condition. He studied pamphlets which en- 
deavored to explain the symbolism of the 
text and the hidden significance of the 
music so that he might, with Mr. Choate, 
dilate with the proper emotion. After the 
first year of the experiment the number of the 
worshipers increased steadily. There were 
societies formed in different countries for the 
purpose of preaching the gospel and convert- 
ing the heathen. Tracts appeared with ex- 
traordinary statements written m still more 
extraordinary language. The desire to be 
present at the celebration of the Bavarian 
rite was not confined to Germany. Hie 
traveler, when lie made out his list of things 
to be seen, put Bayreuth by the side of the 
North Cape, and “Parsifal” was grouped 
with a Spanish bull fight and an Italian car- 
nival. Wagner himself began to deny liis 
artistic theories hv his managerial actions. 
He died, and his wife Cosima ruled in his 


Under her administration the temple be- 
came an opera house. The fanatics foresaw 
the desecration and muttered complaints. 
Last year there were loud and angry prot- 
estations. For tickets were sold to the first 
applicants; English gapers and American 
gushers sat in the seats of the faithful ; the. 
management was parsimonious; cheap and 
inexperienced deelainjers of music were on 
the stage; the scenic equipment was inade- 
quate; and, according to the testimony of 
many, the music-dramas of Wagner were 
given in a more satisfactory manner and in 
stricter accordance with the original wishes 
of the composer in other opera houses of Ger- 
many than in the very temple built by him 


; H is not surprising, then, that to-dav there 
| are dissensions, and real and premature com- 
plaints concerning the management. The 
tourist has shoved aside the pilgrim. The 
| money-changers have invaded the temple. 

| I hat which was particular and apart is now 
common. Nor should the sane admirer of 
tho genius of Wagner he distressed by the 
[ departure of the glory from Bayreuth. A 
i great musical work is not peculiar to one 
place or one generalion. Musical genius 
laughs at boundary lines. It is better for the 
permanent fame of Wagner that it is not now 
necessary to go to Bayreuth to hear him in 
perfection. The man was hidden by the 
clouds of rank and flattering incense; the 
frenetic antics of the worshipers inspired 
[suspicion and repulsion. II is operas r. :st 
Ibe judged by the standards that are in use In 
conventional opera houses. Mozart and 
Gluck, Weber and Rossini, Bizet and Verdi 
submitted to the simple tests. When an un- 
bridled admirer of Wagner demands balances 
of unusual construction fqr the weighing of 
the worth of his hero, he must not be sur- 
prised if the worth is at once questioned and 
the demand regarded as a symptom of acute 

The consumption of beer in Germany shows 
a great increase within the last five years. 
In 1880 there were 990,000,000 gallons to 
1,141,000,000 gallons in 1891. This is an in- 
crease of about 17 per cent., while the popu 
lation lias increased by only i per cent. 

Now that there is an attempt at the re- 
habilitation of the character of Miss Ilclfene 
Vecaresco before her death, she may be held 
more fortunate than Helen of Troy, Cleo- 
patra, or Lucrezia Borgia. The knight 
errant, or wielder of the white-wash brush, 
is the Roman correspondent of a leading 
Parisian paper, who knows “personally aud 
positively” that the deserted one never made 
an “unfair use of the letters from the. Crown 
Prince ;” never sent, never intended to send 
them, one at a time, or in bulk, to her Eng- 
lish rival. Meanwhile, the English newspa- 
pers affirm the receipt by Marie of letters 
that were not for her. 

The feminine folly of rigid obedience to a 
prevailing fashion, without regard to person- 
al qualification, is apparent daily to even tile 
careless observer. The low-necked gown, in- 
door and out, is now the thing. Its coolness 
is an additional argument for its adoption. 
But the result is disastrous when the wearer, 
like unto the three sisters of Sir Peter Chil- 
lingly, is marked by a- fine development of 
bone. The sensitive man, the man of artistic 
feeling, then sighs for the revival of sumptu- 
ary laws, and quotes approvingly the lines of 

<• Snoner than wander with your windpipe bare— 

The fruit of Eden ripening in the air— 

With that lean head stalk, that protruding elnn. 

Wear standing collars, were they made of tin! ” 

It is now claimed, and in defiance of the 
authority of Moses, that the days of our years 
should be five-score years; and if we lived 
according to nature, the strength of the years 
on the other side of the summit would not 
necessarily be labor and sorrow. But great 
length of age is not in itself desirable: “In 
short measures life may perfect be;” and 
the man that envies the fortune of the carp 
or the chough should read each New Year’s 
Day Dean Swift’s account of the Struldbrugs, 
who live in the Kingdom -of Ltigguagg, and 
rejoice that a limit lias been fixed by kindly 
Nature to the possibilities of mental and 
physical .decay. 

The churlish conduct of Mr. Rudyard Kip- 
ling in Montreal shows that his ill-breeding 
Is chronic and not sporadic. The American 
is to this novelist as the red parasol to the 
oull, and whenever Mr. Kipling descends 
among us lie is expected to prance and paw 
the air and toss his head. His shabby treat- 
ment of courteous subjects of liis Queen is a 
proof that liis bad manners surround him as 
an individual atmosphere which knows no 
boundary lines. 

The unrestrained disciples of Wagner have 
talked noisily of the overwhelming triumph 
of the music-dramas of “The Master" in 
London, and have proclaimed the immediate 
introduction of an English version in answer 
to popular clamor. But the facts are not j 
with them. It is announced that Augustus j 
Harris will give no more performances of j 
“Das Rlieingold ” or “Tristan” this season, 
and the extra “Cvklus ” is abandoned. Nor 
will he bring out the works of Wagner in 
English unless £5000 be guaranteed “to 
secure the season from pecuniary loss ” dur- 
ing one mouth. An official circular shows 
that, apart from the Wagner society and the 
publishers, only 200 guineas out of the £5000 
wanted has yet been subscribed by the pub- 
lic, aud that £’.200 is still needed. 

We must look this year to Nova Scotia, 
Maine and California for apples. In the 
great apple belt of western New York, the 
prospect of the crop is discouraging, and it 
is said that the situation is still worse in 
Missouri, Kansas, Arkansas, Ohio and 

Flie vacation olAho summer pilgrim i* tlm 
busy season of thefhousebrenker. Flats arc 
opened easUy with false koy8i an(1 8uburbnn 

houses are entered with out exciting the sus 
pleion of tho neighbors. Valuable*, such as 
silverware and jewelry, should be left In a 

Lrr P TTi’ an<1 D °, t bc guarded simply by 
doors of thin panels and flimsy locks. 

American critics and readers who have 
spoken flippant, y of tho “insanity” if 
certain descriptions in the novels of Dostoiov- 
sky or cried out against their absurdity are 

Sarat e oVri SP r tf h llJ i l ° rea '‘ the detail * the 
baratoff riots, which w ere incited by the re 

port that the existence or cholera inthe city 
was invented by the doctors. y 

whicb report , of a boat raoe on the Hudson in 
"Inch members of the Ward familv 
part seems like a chapter of ancient I, £££ 
Pet it was not so many years ago that the 
names of Josh” and “Hank” and “Gill” 

rices 5hH h0 'i d W ° rdS ’ and iu international 
races the sturdy men defended well our rep- 
utation. Boating blood runs in the family us 
.Provodby the consanguineous rivalry ’ of 

3 -2 T-f 2 


Exchange editors and inventors of para- 
graphs now find food for mirth in the society 
chronicle that was published lately in the 
leading newspaper of a town in North Caro- 
lina. It appears that there was guyety in 
j Wilson ; there was a constant arrival of 
j guests ; the season was at its height. Parties 
and picnics, balls and other amusements 
were drawn in detail in the Mirror, and the 
editorwent so far that lie indulged himself 
in thumb-nail descriptions of the visitors. 
These descriptions are mere sketches, but 
they are full of suggestion, and they are not 
devoid of verbal color. There is no prelude, 
no vorspiel, as an invocation or a prepara- 
tion. The editor plunged at once into his 
subject. “In addition to the lovely maidens 
we mentioned last week as adding to the 
brilliancy of Wilson’s magnificent coronet of 
attractiveness there has been a glorious aug- 
mentation this week in the radiant presence 
of such sparkling jewels as resplendentiy 
beautiful and bewitchingly fascinating 
Miss Nannie Speight of Tarboro’ 
and then follows a catalogue of noble 
dames. One is “transcendently lovely and 
very graceful ;” another is a “splendid type 
of splendid beauty.” “ That perfect mold of 
svveetest witchery, the gloriously enchanting 
j Miss Lollie Lewis of Goldsboro’ ” is only 
I equaled by “ that glorious crown of glorious 
womanhood, the quintessence of sweetest 
loveliness and the embodiment of the rarest 
charms and the noblest virtues, the pure 
fouled Miss Lena Taylor of Whitaker’s.” It 
is not surprising that the editor was moved. 
“The presence of such glorious maidens 
sprinkles golden sunshine in many a dark 
and gloomy heart, and brings up that sweet 
and beauteous spring of feeling where 
flowers bloom in such glorious beauty. May 
Heaven’s own dew of cheer and comfort fall 
upon their lives and sweeten and purify 
them, even as their angelic presence has 
sweetened and purified ours.” 

Tills chronicle of society in a village of 
North Carolina may excite the laugliterof the 
unthinking, who heed the swollen language 
and overlook the sincerity and enthusiasm of 
the writer, and so the bombastic sentences 
| are quoted in other newspapers and there 
are ironical comments. The keen student 
of sociology finds “society” paragraphs in 
these same newspapers, and he remarks that 
the chronicle of summer life in a Southern 
village and that of vacation days passed in 
Northern watering places vary only m de- 
gree. If he is a Bostonian lie is enabled to 
follow the movements of the men and women 
of liis city as though he were in daily com-l 
inunication with them. He dines with Mr. 
Charlesgate and he assists Mrs. Vernon and 
her lovely daughters in their sea bath. He 
knows. the prevailing fashion of bathing suit 
and tennis dress, aud by the courtesy of the 
reporter he may note individual variations. 

He is supplied with mental photographs of 
women whom he knows only by name, and 
he occasionally has the pleasure of seeing 
at his breakfast table striking cuts of 
leaders of society. Or lie discovers 
I that liis judgments were false. 
The girl w ith a crooked nose is described 
as “ a dashing beauty," and au ill-favored 
cousin is changed into “ an exquisite blonde 
i with wonderful eyelashes.” There is a 
curious equality in the newspaper column of 
fashionable notes, as there is in the crave. 

The grocer rubs elbows with the customer; 
the dressmaker disapproves of the figure of 
her patron. 

The student, then, regards these lists of 
names as summer catalogues designed for 
winter reference, which are superiorin detail i 
to the blue book or the family directory. The - 

young man in search of a wife may Vato | 

notes that will be of genuine assistance dur- 
ing the winter campaign. But the makers of 
thc'e catalogues might study the methods of ; 
booksellers with advantage. They are more 
houest In the exposition of their wares; we 
tind such ponses as “back -broken,” •‘foxed,” \ 
“shop-worn,” " pages missing.’’ “ spotted/’ I 
Modern realism demands unflinching uceu- ! 
. racy in the description of physical and men- ' 
f&l characteristics. Irregular teeth, a slight 
squint, or a marked impediment in the gait 
should not be passed by as unworthy of at- 
tention; should not be plastered over with 
sonorous adjectives of vague praise. 

In a Southern murder trial of a peculiarly 
morbid nature, it was stated yesterday that 
when the accused rode bareback, "it was 
sideways like a lady.” and there was no proof 
that she rode man-fashion and thus gave 
symptoms of Insanity. But there are many 
Northern girls on lonely farms and Southern 
girls on broad plantations who never use a 
woman’s saddle and whose mental soundness 
has never been questioned. 

The great Napoleon objected to the many 
holidays of the Roman Catholic church, and 
there are Americans who view with alarm 
the increase in this country of appointed op- 
portunities for recreation. Surely no patriot 
will object to the public commemoration of 
the 400th anniversary of the discovery of 
America by Columbus, although the modern 
biographers, who have discovered to their 
swn satisfaction that the great example of 
sublime faith was* false and cowardly pirate, 
may stand apart and be at their bre asts. 

The suspension from duty of Captain Red- 
ford. of the City of Chicago, is not too severe 
a punishment. In a thick fog, when the 
weather was uncertain, near a dangerous 
coast he drove his engines at full speed and 
neglected to take the necessary precaution of; 
frequent sounding. A great steamship may 
possibly run the chance in a fog of cutting 
a sailing vessel in two without injury to 
itself ; but the rocks of the Irish coast laugh 
at the machinery and the strength and the 

speed of man. 

The conduct of the Emperor of Austria is 
worthy of the imitation cf all true lovers of 
music. The musical season is over and he 
would fain rest; therefore he declines to 
hear the proffered serenade of the New York 
Arion Society. The members of the Impe- 
rial family of Austria have for many years 
been patrons of music, and this refusal is not 
due to dull ears. But the Emperor recog- 
nizes the value of absolute rest; he knows 
that music is a luxury which loses when it 
becomes familiar and common ; it is not a 
dailv, imperative want, to be gratified as 
though it wore a stomachic demand. 

The Parisian students who howled down 
Miss Jeanne Chauvin, although her “eyes 
were sparkling with intelligence’' when she 
attempted to read her thesis for the doctor s 
degree at the School of Laws, are not the 
first to thus show disapprobation of the 
female clothing herself in the at- 
tributes of man. Readers of Charles Reade s 
**A Woman Hater” will remember the in- 
dictment drawn by the author against the 
cowardice and meanness of students of 
Great Britain, as shown in their public 
demonstration-, against their female associ- 
•ate 5 . But perhaps the Parisians thought 
that Miss Chauvin was greedy. She is 
already a licentiate of literature, a laureate 
of the Faculty of Medicine and a licentiate 
of law. She lias also obtained prizes in 

civil and Roman law. 


r or me removal or warts mere are mystic 
and pro-ale remedies without number. Theft 
is often the first inzredient of the old 
woman’s cure ; the stolen piece of meat is 
applied to the hands and then buried at the 
cross -oad-. as though it were the body of a 
-ulcide or an Hungarian vampire; or the 
hands are washed In a silvern basin in the 
beams of the full moon. But Hr. Lewis 
I>ewi- proposes a simpler cure, which is, to 
smear the wart* in the blood of the porpoise. 
Thi-> will be rather for the benefit of coast 
dwellers than for the good of dwellers in .n- 
land towns, where, the apothecary seldom 
carrie.-. a porpoise in his stock. 

The Charleston News and Courier learn 4 
;hat our townsfolk are eating large and lus- 
cious fre<h figs from California, and it asks 
respectfully how ” sure-enough fresli figs, 
wi'h the dew of the morning on their, and 
light of -unshine and flavor of flower* in 
'.r.-ir hearts,” were ever transported from 
r a.ifornia to Boston and delivered in eatable 
rendition. It claims that if such transporta- 
tion is possible. South Carolina can supply 
f.r the United State*, “the finest figs, 
t:,c ! gg^st figs and the mo-.t cf them.” But 
it fears that we have blundered and mistaken 
”a sweet potato or Japanese perslmon or 
pawpaw, or something of that kind for the 
ambrosial fig.” 

u i> ■ i 


The writer of an article in a late number 
of tho British Medical Journal rails at novel- 
ists for the errors that swarm in tho medical 
incidents and opinions that are found in 
works of fiction. Thus, the old revolutionist 
Noirtier, with his winking eyelids, is an im- 
possible paralytic, however impressive he 
may be to the reader of “Monte Cristo.” In 
another story Pumas introduces a guillotined 
head that speaks and weeps. Dickens be- 
lieved, apparently, in the possibility of death 
from spontaneous combustion. Baldassare, 
in “ Romola,’’ did not suffer from amnesia or 
agraphia ; “it was a form of cerebral disease 
known only to the eminent novelist.” Bul- 
wer Lytton confounded astrologic and thau- 
maturgic dreams with the precepts and the 
discoveries of medical science. Wilkie Col- 
lins stumbled constantly, although he prided 
himself on his special knowledge. The list 
of such literary sinners is a long one. 

Now it is true that impossible symptoms, 
impossible remedies, and impossible deaths 
are recorded in novels, as in poetry and in 
the drama. It is true that in the “Tale of I 
Two Cities ” the discovery of chloroform is 
anticipated, but the tragic pathos of the sub- 
stitution of Sydney Carton Is not discounted j 
thereby. No apothecary can compound the I 
prescription of Mr. Stevenson that wrought i 
the awful transformation. The death of Col. I 
Newcome would not move the reader to a 
keener sense of personal loss if the treatment 1 
of the physician were given in photographic 
detail. Tlie true novel reader does not miss 
such realistic touches; and he does not re- 
ject the impossible. He accepts the horse of 
brass that rose airward in the Arabian tale as 
well as the double that confronted Howe the 
night before the evacuation. The charms 
and powders used by wise women of the 
East are no more strange to him than the 
mysterious power of Matthew Maule. When 
he reads a novel he does not expect a medical 
pamphlet or a geographical report. The 
old-fashioned novelist lived in his own 
world. He invented his natural phenomena, 
his history *and his detail of social life. 
Bohemia has a seaport; the roc is the largest 
of birds ; the Wapentake is high in authority 
in England; shipwrecks and murder trials do 
not always meet the requirements of sailors 
and lawyers; the unknown sin is discovered 
in New England. To-day all is changed. 
The novel is a polemic. Or a Georg Ebers is 
the favorite of a season, of whom the 
scientists say that he is a good novelist and 
the novelists declare that he is an excellent 
Egyptologist. Another writer describes mi- 
nutely the hospital, the mine or the battle- 
field. If after a scene of tremendous passion 
there was murder in a room, the first duty of 
the novelist. is to describe the appearance of 
the clock that ticked impassively the seconds 
of life and death. 

The reader is willing to learn his history j 
from Shakspeare, Scott, Dumas and Hugo. j 
To him their knowledge is universal. He 
will nqt quarrel with their views on medi- 
cine. The death of Krook is as real to him 
as the death of Coupeau, just as the Water- 
loo' invented by Hugo is more vivid to him 
than any dry and accurate description of the 
battle where mediocrity triumphed. He will 
agree readily with Mr. Hall Caine, who 
thinks that the most noticeable thing about 
modem fiction is its lack of invention. 

Sir Henry Trueman Wood, Secretary of 
the Royal Commission on the World’s Fair, 
praises us to his countrymen without stint. 
He finds each trip new beauties in our na- 
tional character. We are “go ahead” and 
“active,” and the Fair will be a “great suc- 
cess," and will open at the appointed time. 
But the finest flower of our civilization is the 
American reporter. He is “honest, earnest, 
ambitious,” and his “eagerness for news 
does not impair his politeness.” Sir Henry, 
who is certainly wise in his generation, 
“loves and respects him." 

The tragic death of Lieutenant May leads 
the New York World to moralize concerning 
the slow promotion in the military service 
and the naval service of the United .States. 
The World claims that the prospect of end- 
less subordination induces melancholia and ) 
it is not surprising that suicide follows. Yet 
life itWf is subordination to superior forces, 
and thWruest courage is in patient endur- 
ance. Nor is there any proof in this particu- 
lar Instance, as the World admits, that Lieut, j 
May was influenced by such despair. 

Purists as well as discoverers in language 
are agitated in Ohio. They seek the proper 
word to designate the crime of the murder of 
a married rnan by his wife. Some think that 
“uxorcide ” should be used without regard 
of sex'; the suggestion of “marlticide” is In- 
dorsed warmly; “conjugiclde’’ is pressed by : 
enthusiastic newspapers. 

Realism has invaded napery. The aesthetic 
housewife now chooses napkins that are em- 
broidered in vegetable designs. Aspara- 
gus, carrots, mushrooms, wheat, radishes, 
parsley are the models. Silks of the natur- 
al colors are used when possible. Thus the 
plenty of the house is apparently doubled, 
but it is doubtful whether the pleasure of 
the guest is thus increased. The distribu- 
tion of napkins will prove a lottery tn 
which the blank will dull the appetito of 
the man with whom the vegetable does not 
agree, and the prize Will whet abnormally 
the winner. For a hostess, however, to pre- 
sent the counterfeit of radishes when they 
are not in season is to acknowledge kinship 
with the Barmecides. 

There was an increase of 753 miles in the 
mileage of Canadian railways in 18D1. The 
total mileage is now 14,209. The earnings in 
1891 were $48,192,099 ; and the net earnings 
were $13,231,(549. The amount of Govern- 
ment bonuses paid was $147,105,432. 

French scientists propose to erect an obser- 
vatory on the top of Mont Blanc, and the 
work will be begun in a few weeks. As 
they can find no rock foundation, the wooden 
building will rest on six heavy screw pillars, 
which it is thought will secure a firm hold in 
the solid ice. This experiment has been 
tried ; a hut was so fixed last fall, and this 
spring it was found that the ice had not 
moved and the hut had not suffered damage. 
But the solid ice is treacherous, and it may 
turn out to be no surer foundation than the 
sand chosen by the foolish man. The build- 
ing will have two stories; the lower rooms 
for the accommodation of guides and visitors, 
the upper, with a cupola, for the use of the 


Costo Rica is making extensive prepara- 
tions for an exhibit at the World’s iair. A 
collection of more than 3000 birds will be 
placed in the galleries adjoining the gardens. 
The idea o£ the Commissioner is to place 
the plants of his country in these gardens, 
and also the living fishes and animals, and to 1 
build two kiosks for the practical exhibition 
of coffee and cocoa. 

When the cowardly Sultan of Morocco told 
England’s Envoy, Sir Charles Smith, that he 
was powerless to protect him from murder 
and the Mission from massacre, the English- 
man reminded him that in such a case 
another British Minister would be in Fez 
within a month; “but there will not be a 
Sultan in Fez then.” Surely a brave reply, 
worthy of the traditional bulldog courage 
and Berseker blood of the long line of diplo- 
mats that have preserved the honor of a 
nation and made the life of an Englishman 
sacred in the wildest lands. 

According to a contemporaneous and ac- 
knowledged authority on dr$ss, if a girl is 
accompanied in public by a dog, she should 
dress in harmony with the dog or change 
dogs with each dress. Brown and gold 
brown tones are in sympathy with an Irish 
setter. Vestal white matches the grim 
visaged white bull terrier. The vulgarity of 
a yellow dog is mated by proper artificial 
shadings of hair. 

There are novel features In the training of 
Mr. Jack MeAuliffe for the approaching 
mill at New Orleans that will commend 
themselves at once to the thoughtful, lie 
kills potato bugs, pulls weeds, swings the 
icythe aad milks cows. Now if he could be 
persuaded to keep in such constant training, 
ivith winter exercise in chopping and 
iplittlng wood, and to refrain from all mill 
work, he would be a valuable member of so- 
ciety, although he might not win cheap no- 
toriety. ^ 

The refusal of Mrs. Barbara Turner of 
Columbus, Ohio, to live with her husband 
because he snores has provoked sermons oh 
the enormity of the husband's offense, and 
many possible remedies have been suggested. 
Kate Field’s Washington advises us all to 
Imitate the example of the noble red men, 
who are taught from their infancy to keen 
their mouths shut. This is not a new Idea. 
Some years ago George Catlin, who knew 
well the habits of the North American 
Indians, wrote a singular hook called “ Shut 
Your Mouth,” in which startling pictures 
showed the coutrast between the sleep of 
civilization arid barbarism, and the white 
snorer was depicted as a loathsome object. 

Niagara Falls has within a few years been 
the scene of melodramatic suicides and silly 
wagers that led to death ; but there have been 
few fatal accidents, and it is said that the 
tragedy of Sunday is the llrst that ever hap- 
pened inside the Cave of the Winds. It would 
appear from the account that the accident 
was due to carelessness, from a wish to save 
time by taking a shorter route. Rocks, how- 
ever, give a treacherous foothold, and by 
rapids or ou mountain side, it is always wiser 
to make haste slowly. 

Mr. Marcus Mayer Insisted that a clause In 
the new contract with Patti should read as fol- 
lows: “ Marcus R. Mayer shall have the right 
to announce this tour as a positive tour of 
farewell of Mine. Pattl-Nlcolini in North 
America, and Mme. Patti-Nicolini binds her- 
splf to write him a letter on this subject, which 
he can publish.” But the farewells of Patti 
have always been positive, and in fact their 
positiveness has only been equaled by their 
frequency. This next trip she will say good- 
by forever to seventeen towns that she has 
never visited, and S3000 in each town will 
assuage her grief. 

The decendants of Governor Thomas Dud- 
ley of Massachusetts will hold a family re- 
union here October 18. Such gatherings are 
to be commended heartily. Not if they are 
held. merely for vain-glory or for the indis- 
criminate praising of ancestors; but in these 
days, when the value of patriotism is ques- 
tioned, when the flag is scouted as a vague 
idea, and when the word American is pro- 
nounced under the breath, it is a good thing 
for New Englanders to recall in company the 
adventures, trials and triumphs of the sturdy 
men and women that begot them. 

Readers of the fascinating book of Lady 
Brassey will hear with a sense of personal 
loss that the yacht Sunbeam was wrecked on 
an island in an Australian gulf. And so the 
tragedy is complete. The suicide of the 
woman that made the yacht famous is fol- 
lowed at last by the destruction of the thing 
she loved. 

That the poisoning at Salisbury Beach was 
due to ptomanies may or may not be proved 
by the analysis of the Harvard professors ; 
but people cannot be cautioned too often and 
too strongly in the matter of diet during the 
hot weather. Ice cream, cream pies and 
milk itself should not be taken into the sys- 
tem recklessly ; for it is one of the deplora- 
ble facts of our modern life that milk, the 
simple, necessary and nutritious food, is fre- 
quently impure, on account of the careless- 
ness or the greed of the seller. 

The people of the West show an ingenious 
versatility in the invention of social pleas- 
ures. A young man who is “prominent in 
the social circles” of Columbus, Ind., 
wheeled last week “a popular society young 
lady” through the principal business streets 
of the town on a wheelbarrow. There was a 
wager, and the young man divided fairly the 
stakes with the belle of the occasion. There 
was “much cheering,” and an ice cream sup- 
per was served after the performance of the 

Bergman shows the great characteristic 
trait of the modern Anarchist, i. e., intense 
personal vanity. Thus his first question to 
the reporter was, “ What do the people say 
about my act?” He resented the charge that 
he was a “ bum printer ” at $8 a week. He 
denied the aid of confederates, and said with j 
pride, “All credit belongs to me.” But the 
Nihilists of Russia, with whom the Guiteaus 
and the Bergmans would claim kinship, sink 
individuality for the benefit, as they think, j 
of humanity. Immolation of self and selfish I 
interests is the first article of their terrible 

Dr. Hale writes in a sensible and interesting 
manner in the Atlantic concerning the ad- 
vantages of compulsory declamation in 
schools. There is now apparently a pre- 
judice against this useful exercise, but, as 
Dr. Hale says, the practice gave the boy an 
ease that lasted throughout life and could 
not be acquired in other ways. That Dr. 
Hale profited by the lessons of his youth is 
known not only to his townsfolk, but to the 
Englishmen that a few days ago were 
charmed by the fluent and witty presentation 
[of shrewd sense. 

^7 ^ 7 


The pessimist Is not without excuse when 
I ho prefers open enmity to enthusiastic 
friendship. Wo have nil suffered by the 
blunders of zealous friends, by their mis- 
taken preconceptions of what we should 
wish and do. The man that by his calling is 
dependent on the interpretation of his 
thoughts by others for ultimate success is pe- 
culiarly a sufferer. The unknown play- 
wright is handicapped at the start by tho 
actor who lias good will and is devoid of 
temperament. The poet sees a sworn foe in 
tho amiable public reader who mars the 
beauty of Ids verse by a nasal twang and a 
strange pronunciation. So, too, the composer 
of musiois at the mercy of players or singers; 
the children of his brain are often cruelly 
mangled by those who think they act in 

Mr. F. X. Arens, an American composer 
and director, has been for some time going 
to and fro in Germany for the purpose of giv- 
ing concerts of music composed by Ameri- 
cans. He appealed to the patriotism of 
American lovers of music lor financial aid, 
and he begzed Americans in the towns where 
the concerts were given to support the glory of 
I our national flag by iheir presence. Not con- 
tent with this advertising of his own claims 
on public attention, he was in the habit of 
sending foreign newspaper clippings to the 
newspapers of this country, with the request 
that his missionary labors should receive due 
notice. The clippings were always of a favor- 
nble nature, and they appeared originally in 
the little newspapers, printed in English, 
that clironiclo the movements of English and 
Americans abroad. In their fulsome lines 
ten words were for Mr. Arens to one 
word for the composer whom he intro- 
duced. Mr. Arens, no doubt, considered him- 
self a missionary, but lie undertook his mis- 
sion without the consent of the men whom he 
represented, and in certain instances, it is 
said, he persevered in his self-appointed task 
against their earnest remonstrance. Nor 
were such men ungrateful in their protesta- 
tion. They realized the impudence of the 
claim of Mr. Arens to a special hearing, they 
| knew the danger to their reputation when 
the Germans heard their works performed by 
a “scratch” orciiestra. or a respectable 
orchestra with few rehearsals under the di- 
rection of a man in whom they themselves 
had little confidence, and it is not unlikely 
that they had no illusions concerning the 
[ real value of their music when it was judged 
j from the standpoint of nationality. They 
j knew that Mr. Arens would occupy the large 
| tent of the show, while they would sit In side 

ibooths and be pointed out with the aid of 
■Mr. Arcus's stick. 

! Great expectations were aroused in certain 
German cities by the announcements made 
by Mr. Arens. These expectations were not 
realized, and the leading critics were kind in 
silence, or said frankly there was nothing 
characteristic, nothing new in the American 
compositions. A short time ago Mr. Arens 
gave one of his concerts in Vienna, at the 
Musical and Dramatic Exhibition. The re- 
marks of two Vienna newspapers may he of 
interest. A writer in the Neue Freie Presse 
Edward Hanslick— thinks as follows : 
The works which were performed made an 

I i“ p ^ e 1?! 0n Iike the familiar faces of Berlioz, 
Blszt, Wagner. Schumann anti Volkmann seen ! 
In a concave mirror. Singular that in the 
blessed land of inventions so little musical in- 
veution and originality is to he found. Ameri- 
can music is only a reflection of our culture, 
and. has as yet been unable to lay claim to the 
title of a native school of art. It arouses the 
sympathy of the European listener to detect a 
streak of ideality such as is generally not ex- 
pected^from the land of the almighty dollar. 

_ K- Paine's symphony and Mac- 

.uowejl s suite movements are constructed on 
the best models; they are the Mendelssohns of 
the New World. Others, like Arens, Chadwick 
and Bird, now sit beneath Ydragsi) and listen 
to the croaking of the Wagner ravens, and 
anon m company with Schoenefeld, place their 
hecatombs before Berlioz and Ltszfc. * * * 

I he adherence to form and a commendable 
command of the art of instrumentation justify 
the belief that American music may yet reach 
a higher plane. A lovely artistic striving is 
already to be seen." 

Surely this was written in a kindly spirit, 
however, is more severe: 

The American composers whose works Con- 
ductor Arens produced day before yesterdav 
are admirably schooled artists who think ele- 
gantly, and who lack nothing except the chief 
thing-individuality, original gifts. * * * | 
Tho best impression was made by the two sym- , 
phonic movements oi John Knowles Paine — an I 
energetic allegro with a fervid introduction ! 
and a long a very long— but rather piquant I 
scherzo. The themes of the two movements are 
plainly influenced by Schumann and Spohr, 
but treated with considerable art. A suite by 
MacDowell, with a pretty second movement 
based on an idea imitative of the shalra, gave 
the most pleasure." 

But, however flattering certain of those ! 
sentences ir. y be to tho composers named, I 
the charge of a lack of individuality will out- i 
weigh tlio praise. That tills charge was 
made so bluntly is due, without doubt, to the 
Preliminary flourish of trumpeta and tlio 
naming posters. Onr composers should not 
he thus thrust into foreign notice by an 
earnest seeker after self-glorification. 

-- ... 1 , 11 . 11 , mu new Siberian railway 

will bo of material benefit to the Russian 
people, for It touches the grain district of 
Tobolsk. Some 400,000 cattle are also sent 
yearly from tills district; the roads at present 
are so bad that many cattle perish. The 
railway will give an outlet to a country con- 
taining over a million inhabitants. 

The came of polo in which a prominent 
and useful life was sacrificed is fresh in the 
minds of all Bostonians. Tuesday, in one of 

the. finest games ever seen in Wen- 
ham,” a player received "a terrific blow” 
over the left eye; he appeared when time 
was called, his eye bandaged, and “his shirt 
front covered with blood.” Yet many who 
are addicted to this noble sport cry out 
against the pummeling of each other by 
strong men inured to blows, and they call 
bull fights barbarous. 

Sir Riohard Wallace once heard the elder 
Dumas laughing boisterously in his study 
and was told by a servant that Dumas was 
working and that he often laughed like that I 
at his work. It turned out that the great I 
novelist was “in company with one of his 
own characters, at whose sallies he was sim- 
ply roaring.” But this was years ago, when 
imagination went hand in hand with animal 
spirit. It would be difficult to imagine one 
of the modern in tense- realistic-analytioal 
j school so easily diverted. 

Judge Read of Baltimore says, and “with" 
out fear of successful contradiction,” “that 
we are the finest looking body of people on 
this planet;” which seems a cautious state- 
| ment when other judicial dicta are consid- 
| ere< l- For he thinks that there Is a striking 
parallel between the Americans and the 
ancient Greeks-in the attention paid to I 
physical culture; in the beauty of the 
women; in the “quick, critical, buoyant" 
mind; in the rapid rise and fall of political I 
favorites. He might add, and m self-glori- 

Our language is constantly enlarged by 
phrases and words born of accidents, crimes 
amusements and political occasions. In con- 
nection with the Homestead riots it was 
announced gravely in a newspaper that the 
detectives had been “ rendezvoused” at a 
certain place. This innovation cannot be 
commended, for it is in the first place an un- 
provoked assault on a foreign language, and 
a violation of the rules of international 

The old saying, “ An Englishman’s home 
is his castle ” has defended many an outrage- ( 
ous deed. Mr. Hannay, the London Magis- 1 
trate, protested against this ancient saw the 
other day, and said the idea that a policeman 
should remain in the street from fear of vent- 
uring into an Englishman's castle when he 
heard cries in a house or was summoned to 
prevent personal violence, is “a most foolish 

Tony Robert-Fieury thinks that the Amer- 
ican painters in Paris are too apt to be 
attracted by new theories, to follow the radi- 
cal members of the ultra-modem school. 
Chorley once made a like reproach when he 
wrote that “the Americans have shown a 
marvelous proclivity in instrumental musio 
towards that which is occult and Incompre- 
hensible, and are already far in advance of 
us in comprehending that which seems full 
of darkness and doubt to our eyes.” In 
dreading the charge of conservatism, our 
painters and musicians are undoubtedly in- 
clined to accept a new gospel, even before 
they have digested the words of the fore- 

It appears that since Queen Victoria com- 
manded Melba to sing at State concerts, “the 
domestic cloud which hung over her is 
wholly lifted;” that is to say, in more 
homely speech, the fact that a suit for di- 
vorce was brought by her husband against 
the singer for flagrant cause is not an ob- 
stacle to her social success at Court. This is 
singular, for the Queen has long been famous 
for the rigidity of her views on questions of 
morality ; but the magic of a golden voice 
seems to have disarmed even the prejudices 
of a Queen. 

Three "blood red ” neckties were found 
with* whole ••wagon-load" of books and 
papers and circulars and letters and other 
articles of an " inflammatory nature,'* In the 
room of Bauer, the Anarchist. The neckties 
were taken to police headquarters “to be 
more carefully examined.” It Is certainly in 
questionable taste to chose such a lurid hue 
for personal adornment in this weather, and 
persons addicted to red neckties may well be 
regarded as suspicious characters, but the 
police think they have stronger proof against 
Bauer than any disclosure that might come 
from a rigid examination of “neckwear.” 





The roof is the watering place of the poor. 

Not that the sufferers seek the housetops 
when the Dogstar at high noon barks at the 
tenement and its swarm: but when the sun 
is through with his day's work, panting 
humanity raises itself from the festering 
Street and hunts the evening breeze. The 
roofs are crowded ; the fire escapes are lined. 

Even so in older and wiser countries, the 
chambers are abandoned at sundown ; heavy- 
eyed men stroke solemnly their long, white 
beards end read the future in the stars ; there 
arc ccolioi drinks and the lone Dines that i 

'discourage impertinent conversation; there 
is the grateful sound of water and the tink- 
liDg of an antique instrument picked by a 
woman's hand. Thus the night brings peace 
and comfort. 

Tbc example of the poor, as well as the 
habit of the Orientals, might well be followed 
by all of us iu the fiery season of physical 
discomfort, nervous worry, and mental ex- 
haustion. The roof garden as a substitute 
for the theatre has won success in New 
York, as the managers and the frequenters of 
the Casino and the Madison Square Garden 
will testifv. There is no doubt that such 
gardens will be found next season in other 
cities, for many must stay at home, even 
though the heavens are as brass, and they 
will seek eagerly amusement with comfort, i 
But the roof of the private or the apartment | 
house should thus contribute to the pleasure ( 
and the restoration of the dwellers therein. 

That such a plan is feasible even in this 
prosaic country is shown by the description 
in the New York Mail and Express of a pri- 
vate roof garden in the city of New \ork. 
The house itself is a seven-story building, 
containing apartments for twenty-four fami- 
lies. The roof commands a view of the East 
River, the hay and the Narrows. The entire 
roof space is turned into an artificial garden. 

A flooring of dressed timber covers the real 
roof; there are strips of manila drugget. 
The stone coping is surmounted by boxes of 
plants, vines and mounds of moss. There 
are tnbs and boxes with oleander, palms, 
rubber plants, cacti, etc, A bower shelters 
benches and tables, and will accommodate 
forty or fifty people. It is made of wire- 
work, which is covered with running vines. 

A framework supports in the daytime a can- 
vas awning. There are easy chairs and 
swings and hammocks. According to the 
Mail and Express several plans of projected 
apartment houses for the West Side, which 
were recently submitted to the Building Bu- 
reau, provide for such gardens. 1 he tem- 
perature on the particular roof above re- 
ferred to is ten degrees cooler than on the 
sidewalk. Nor is it surprising that when 
real estate commands such high prices in the 
city builders find it desirable, as an architect 
says, “ to put the yard over the house instead 

of behind it or at the side.” 

It is said that on such a roof Isabella Urqu- 
hart learned the solo that took her from the 
chorus ranks; Hallcn conceived the idea of 
“Later On,” and Percy Gaunt composed the 
“now popular song, ‘Push Them Clouds 
Away;’” hut even if these statements are 
true, they should not be urged in objection 
against the aerial garden. If comfort must 
be joined with mental Improvement, our old 
friend Thomas Gradgrind could drill the 
children in the distances of the planets and 
the Identification of constellations; lectures 
might be given on humidity and the different 
use; of the thermometer and the barometer; 
or Carlyle's philosopher might hold dis- 
course on the pettiness of the world beneath 
and the grandeur of the eternal verities. All 
roofs. It Is true, are not adapted to this sum- 
mer use. The necessity of an adjustable or 
a reversible house covering, which would I 
protect in winter and enlarge the air in sum- 
mer, might spur the invention of our archi- 
tects and remove the reproach of coavcn- 

The assassination of Mr. Page, a Philadel- 
phia broker, is only one of th^many trage- 
dies of the stock exchange. It appears from 
the facts in the case that the broker had 
tried in vain to persuade the assassin to close 
his account and warned him against buying 
certain stocks. But this species of gambling 
is like dram-drinking. The speculator’s 
losses finally turned his head and l^e thought 
he saw in the broker the author of\ his self- 
inflicted misfortunes. \ 

The performances at Bayreuth tills season 
do not excite the customary interest. The 
English newspapers, which in former years 
criticised them at length, this year pay them 
little or no attention. The cause of this 
change is undoubtedly the greed of the 
widow Wagner and her associates. The 
N. Y. Tribune puts the matter iu a nutshell 
when it says: “The fact is that unless there 
is a prompt return to the traditions of the 
early festivals, unless Bayreuth is made the 
training school in which Wagner’s purposes 
and methods shall be taught in obedience to 
the laws laid down by him and understood 
by the musicians— not as interpreted by 
Madame Wagner — the festival will cease to 
have a reason for existence outside of that 
which is the motive of the showman.” 

The case of the Rev. Edward Bean, who 
was locked up on a charge of being drunk 
and disorderly, when in fact he was sick 
nigh unto death, is by no means an isolated 
one. Policemen are not always endowed 
with discrimination, and an epileptic fit or a 
fainting spell is often to them aggravated 
intoxication. The charge of drunkenness is 
lightly made, and it is unfortunately so com- 
mon that the policeman thinks but little of 
it; to a sensitive man such public disgrace, ■ 
even though the error is corrected, is danger- 
ous in physical results. 

The organization of a company to work in 
>u endeavor to recover sunken wealth brings 
to the mind a chapter of forgotten history. 

In' 1780 the frigate Hussar, with £900,000 on 
board for the payment of British troops, 
cried to pass through Hell Gate on her way 
to New London. Off what is now East One 
Hundred and Thirty-fifth street the ship ran 
against a rock, and sank. In 1794 the English 
Government attempted to find the lost 
pounds, but it was prevented by our own 
Government. The other day a New York 
reporter put on a diver’s suit and struck the 
deck of the Hussar. He found iron work, 
broken crockery, bottles and the bones of 
men. A dredge is now at work, and a silver 
umbrella and one guinea have been recov- 
ered. Whatever the result of this search 
may be, the diggers of the hidden treasures 
of Capt. Kidd will again he encouraged, and 
they will see him by faith in li is “long, low, 
black, rakish craft,” seeking along the coast 
a convenient hiding place. 

Mr. Gladstone has lost finally his patience, 
and shown that he, too, is mortal. He can 
endure with equanimity the taunts of politi- 
cal adversaries, the charge of treason, the 
inockings of polennsts and even the pain 
arising from misdirected gingerbread. But 
when an “ eager partisan ” indulged himself 
in the odious familiarity of thumping the old 
statesman on the back, Mr. Gladstone “ be- 
trayed symptoms of nervousness and ordered 
the coachman to 'drive off quickly.” 

No verbal appeal, no written sermon in be- 
half of the Fresh Air Fund, is as powerful as j 
the sketch by Mr. Woolf in the last number 
of Life. This drawing of grim pathos and | 
heart-breaking intensity is peculiarly per- 1 
tinent in these dread days of the slaughter of , 
the innocents. 

<2"l J4 r 

A growing evil. 

At the annual Conference of Swiss Jour- 
nalists assembled lately at Basel, a proposal 
was made to carry on a war against “Natur- 
alismus” in art, literature and the drama. 

I A resolution was introduced and carried 
unanimously to this effect: “ It is the most 
serious duty of the pres.) to maintain an en- 
I ergetic warfare against that aesthetic and 
1 moral aberration which under the title of 
‘ Naturalism ’ glories in the representation 
of the mean and the degraded, of tho nasty 
and tii% hideous. It is an object worthy of all 
our efforts and powers to preserve for the i 
Swiss people, pure and unspotted, their own j 
old and eternally true ideal of the good and | 

eautiful.” There was a discussion con- 
ng the publication of the realistic am 
ralistic details of crime “ under the form 
ws.” One of the speakers advised a, 
non self-denying ordinance of all tnc 
.papers.” Another reminded Ins hear- 
hnt “ the abstinence of the better sort o 
aals would act as a temptation to some 
ulator to supply the very matter which 

| Now tlie thoughtful person that realises 
j tho enormous influence of the modern news- 
paper. an influence that is, however, as often 
subtle as it is direct, will praise the motives 
of these foreign journalists, indorse their 
resolution, and desire earnestly the imitation 
of their example in this country. For the 
newspaper is to many not onlj news, but 
literature; to some it furnishes their only 
reading matter; and, naturally, familiarity 
with the details of crimes and executions 
blunts the sensibilities of tho reader and 
suggests a strange code of personal conduct. 
But the shrewd manager of a newspaper, 
who looks first of all to circulation and 
insists on “hustling" as the first, the great- 
est, and the last of journalistic com- 
mandments, will smile at the Quixotic 
declarations of the simple Swiss. 

He would reply, if his opinion 
were demanded, “A newspaper is not an 
eleemosynary institution ; it is a machine for 
making money. The successful manager 
does not waste his time in attempts to re- 
form mankind; it is his duty to please his pub- 
lic, and the public at large demands the very 
-details that the Swiss gentlemen condemn as 
vulgar and immoral.” 

Furthermore, this manager would point to 
the fact that morbid or prurient curiosity is 
not confined to tbc ignorant and the vicious. 
Nor could his statement be contradicted with 
success. It is a singular and deplorable 
characteristic of human nature that an ac- 
count of crime, even in most horrible form, 
fascinates many men and women of gentle 
lives. It is also true that graphic descrip- 
tions of the abnormal and the monstrous, 
of fatal accident or deed of brutality, spur 
languid curiosity or change the first 
feeling of repulsion into exaggerated interest. 

It has been so from the beginning of the years. 
Grave philosophers have indulged in morbid 
and vain speculations. The Fathers of the 
Church, as Saint Augustine in “ The City 
of God,” have shown an unhallowed zeal in 
prying into mysteries that are better left in 
darkness. The first murder has excited 
warm discussion concerning the weapon of 
Cain ; some have argued gravely that inas- 
much as Cain was a tiller of the soil he slew 
Abel with a convenient tool; and Milton de- , 
clares confidently, as though he had wit- j 
nessed the bloody deed, that Cain “ smote i 
him into the midriff with a stone.” Nor in 
the lapse of ages has mankind lost this curi- 

A newspaper, however, can state the fact 
that a prize fight took place and it can name 
the winner, without animated descriptions of 
“human chopping blocks” and reproduc- 
tions of the brutal scene. If a murder is 
committed, it is not necessary to paint tlie 
red detail with Flemish fidelity. If there is 
stealing by a well-known townsman, it is 
indecent to invade the household of the thief 
and take pen sketches of the innocent 
women of the family. A newspaper worthy 
of the name should not be merely one long 
continued detective story ; it should not bA a 
daily Newgate Calendar. The old idea that 1 
it should make for the public good still pre- 
vails in the minds of conscientious editors, 
and thoughtful readers. The newspaper that' 
panders deliberately to low tastes, which 
should be repressed, not only injures society i 
as a whole ; it is tlie encourager and abettor • 
of crimes to be committed. 

The abomination of desolation known as 
the London music hall is comparatively un- 
known to us, and it is to be regretted that 
Mr. Rudolph Aronson proposes to turn the 
New York Casino into the favorite lounging 
place of the London “Arry,” and cheap 
swell. It was only a year ago that Mr. Aron- 
son announced his intention to make the 
Casino a temple of art for the benefit of mu- 
sic and the restoration of operetta worthy 
the name. 

The bravery displayed by the unfortunate 
Englishman and American who met a terri- 
ble death in attempting to reach tlie highest 
crater of a Mexican volcano, is the bravado of 
betters, not true courage. The tragedy is a 
modem illustration of “Excelsior,” the pop- 
ular poem, in which a young man with a ban- 
ner perishes without reason and without pos- 
sible benefit to humanity. 

Inventors of jests have spoken ironically of 
fme “thinking parts” for the benefit of 
actors and actresses of mediocrity. The 
younger Salviui has turned this jest into 
serious fact. The new play “Rohan the 
bilent ” is a one-act piece of an hour, and 
although Salvini is on the stage nearly all 
that time, he does not speak until just before 
the fall of the curtain. Not that this silence 
is a new idea. There is the Lone Fisherman ; 
there is tlie silent partner in “ Pounce : ” and 
in one of Offenbach’s operettas a chorus of 
mutes goes through the motions of singing, 
but there is no speech until the refrain “For 
we, you see, are dumb.” , 

The "Russian Government has accepted 
Baron Hirsch’s proposition to lead 5,500,000j 
Jews from Russia to (new homos in foreign 
lands within twenty-five years. This year 
there are to be only 21,000 of these emi- 
grants, hut favorable concessions have been 
ruado to all those that wait their turn. 

The check for 8923.788, given by the city of 
New Orleans to the administrator of the 
Myra Clark Gaines estate is the colophon 
of the final chapter of a thrilling and almost 
incredible romance. The brave woman who, 
in the fneo of discouragement and rebuff, per- 
severed and showed the faith of inventors 
and martyrs, died about seven years ago, and 
her reward is posthumous. She, however, had 
the satisfaction before her ending of know- 
ing that the Supreme Court of the United 
States proclaimed the righteousness of her 

Sucli addresses as tho one delivered by 
Miss Alice Stone before the Woman’s Club 
at Chautauqua on the care of the sick room 
are valuable. She explained the proper 
arrangement, furniture, cleaning, warming, i 
ventilation and the care of the bed and the ' 
bedding. It is a sad fact that to the sick : 
man of means, the hospital ward is often 
more comfortable than his own room, and 
the nervousness and the iuexperience of the 
loved ones of his family contribute to the 
danger of the case, so that he is intrusted to 

The frequenters of restaurants who are 
disquieted by the growth of the habit of 
feeing waiters might imitate the example of 
the American that died the other day at 
Florence. He would not tip, but he left 
waiters and hackmen a substantial sum by 
will. The gratitude of the waiter, which is 
a lively sense of favors to come, would thus 
be prompted during the life of the testator. 
And after death, in this country, where wills 
ire so often made only to be broken, the 
heirs-at-law might easily maintain their 
interests, or at least arrive at a compromise. 

The Anarchists in New York are calling 
each other names, and are divided evidently 
in purpose. Emma Goldman, in her violent 
attack on John Most, dubs him “coward, 
liar, dissimulator, and at the same time a 
vvashrag.’’ Few will dispute the accuracy of 
this mental analysis, although the term 
“washrag” leaves much to the imagination. 
The only really good word for Most is the 
crowning reproach of Miss Emma, “that he 
has often said he would rather be a Carl 
Schurz than John Most”— a speech that 
hints at possible repentance. 

The French cigarette maker has the ad- 
vantage over the consumer of her wares. 
The Government appointed a commission to 
investigate the effect of the process of manu- 
facture on the health of the employes, and 
the commission reported that the making 
was much more wholesome than the smoking 
of them. After some years’ service these 
girls are assured a pension, and if they suffer 
by illness or accident they get the pension 
before the appointed time. A girl turns out 
8000 cigarettes in a regulation pile, and in 
one factory in Paris 1,500,000 cigarettes are i 
made in a day. 

It is now claimed that the poisoning at 
Salisbury Beach was due to the impurity of 
the well water. There is too often criminal 
carelessness in the choice and the care of 
wells at sea side resorts and on country 
fftrms. No pains are taken to prevent pollu- 
tion ; the old oaken bucket sung by the poet 
then becomes the covenient weapon of 
death ; and the cool and sparkling draught 
of Nature is as fatal as the wine of the 

It is reported that a surgeon in Munich 
has performed the difficult operation of ex- 
tirpation of the spleen. If the wisdom of 
the ancients prevailed to-day, the patient 
would henceforth he free from melancholy ; 
but this mysterious organ is now chiefly 
valuable as material for the speculations of 
evolutionists, and certain theorists regard it 
as the cheap bequest of the immediate pre- 
decessor of man. 

The real brutality of the Russian nature, 
which is revealed when the veneer of its 
chromo-civilization is scratched, is put in 
strongest light by a recent order of Mr. 
Nechayeff-Maltzeff, the Chamberlain of the 
Czar. A firm in Paris is building for him a 
pianoforte of unusual dimensions. It will 
stand on six legs, and the sound will be at 
least three times as strong as that of an ordi- 
nary instrument. This ingenious machine 
of torture will cost about $ 10 , 000 . 


An old man is living in the town of Plain- 
field, III. His name is Stephen R. Beggs, 
and lie is over ninety-one years of age. In 
his younger days lie was a friend of Jesse ] 
Walker, who was to the early Methodist ' 
Church of the West what Daniel Boone was J 
to the early settlers, “ always first, always 
ahead of everybody else, preceding all others 
long enough to ho a pilot to the newcomers.” 
The sixtieth anniversary of Methodism was 
celebrated last week In Chicago, and 
“ Father ” Beggs, who was the organizer of 
the First Methodist Church in Chicago, 1832, 
spoke from the pulpit. “ This is a great age 
for relics,” said the aged man ; and, indeed, 
his recollections sound to the cars of the 
younger generation of the East as tales told 
by travelers who have seen strange lands. 

He was born in Virginia in 1801 and his 
parents moved, when he was a little boy, to 
an Indiana farm. The neighbors were Shaw- 
nee Indians, and massacres were not uncom- 
mon. Education was found in a log school 
house with windows of greased paper. There 
was one short winter term ; the text book 
was Dilworth’s Spelling Book. The boy was 
born of religious parents, and he began to 
preach when he was about 10 years old. He 
was admitted to the Missouri Conference and 
he became a circuit rider. He preached 
every day except Blue Monday at points from 
18 to 20 miles apart. His clothes were coarse 
and full of holes. “I used to let the holes re- 
main, because the holes lasted longer than 
patches.” The women once pitied him and 
they carded, spun and wove him a suit of 
jeanj, which “hung on.” Once he rode 
about in a calico morning gown. His pay the 
first year was $33 : the second, $20. “I had 
two qualifications for a Methodist preacher,” 
said Father Beggs. “ I had a back for every 
man’s bed and a stomach for every woman’s 
victuals. We had no dyspepsia iii those 

He preached in Chicago in 1831, and his 
claim of being the first Methodist preacher in 
that city has not. been contradicted. He was 
married in the same year, when he was called ; 
“the handsomest man in Chicago.’’ He 1 
made a journey of 800 miles to show his bride 
to his father. Her trunk was an old-fash- 
ioned pocket handkerchief. The rain fell on | 
them ; they forded swollen creeks, and one ; 
time they rode twenty miles in their soaked 
clothes. “ I don’t wonder the angels took her | 
home,” said the second wife, who now com- I 
forts the old man. j 

When he first went to Chicago there were 
no sidewalks, street lights or streets. The 
water of the river contained “ three ague 
shakes to every pint.” He lived at the fort, 
and the night before his babe was born the 
fort was struck by lightning. He adminis- 
tered tlie sacrament in a log cabin. The 
communion table was an old tool chest ; the 
cabin was used alternately as a parlor, a 
school room, a sitting room, a kitchen and a 
bedroom. At the conferences they ate hog 
meat. When the Black Hawk war broke out 
and Scott sailed over the lake and fired his 
cannon women grabbed their children and 
ran for miles into the open country. 

To-day there are 107 Methodist organiza- 
tions in Chicago. The total membership of 
the first society was 7 ; there are now 17,169 
members of the Methodist Church. There 
are colleges and newspapers and a book de- 
pository, which are engaged actively in 
Christian work. The man who was the first 
in the field now lives in sweet aud simple re- 
tirement in an Illinois village. Peter Cart- 
wright said of him: “That man Beggs has 

enough stub and twist in him to make two 
archangels and one of another kind;” yet he 
was not of a sternly aggressive nature. It 
was hinted last week by a Chicago writer 
that the secret of Fathpr Beggs’s success was 
his good humor, as well as his true humility. 
Good humor has undoubtedly saved his 
youth, for young he is to-day in all save 

Epigrams and anecdotes are not only of an 
adjustable nature, fitted to all persons and 
occasions; they have their periods of appear- 
ance and disappearance, like the brilliant 
comets of thesky, Lord Randolph Churchill 
is now referred to as “a man with a brilliant 
future behind him ;” but this biting speech 
came years ago from the mouth of Heine, 
when Alfred de Musset was under considera- 

It is a pleasure to note that the art exhibi- 
tion in Allen street, New'York, for the ben- 
efit of the tenement-house population on the 
East Side lias proved such a success that it 
will he kept open at least several weeks 
longer than was at first intended. As many 
as 1200 people have been seen in the gallery 
of an evening, and the liveliest interest lias 
been shown in the study of the paintings of 
value which have been loaned by generous 

The accident by' which Mr. Robbins of 
Springfield lost his lllo is the latest of this 
season in the European roll of unusual 
length. Tlie tourist in foreign lands is pro- 
tected carefully by rules and regulations 
against his own carelessness so far as rail- 
way tracks and steamboat landings arc con- 
cerned; but there is no police control over 
the caprices of glacier or avalanche, and 
such an accident as that by which Mr. Rob- 
bins was killed Is generally the treachery of 
Nature, not to he anticipated, not to he pre- 

the proprietors of cabs and busses in Lon- 
don protest against the introduction of as- 
phalt pavemonts, on the ground that horses 
would suffer thereby. It is said in reply that 
if the French horse-shoe were used there 
would be little danger of accidents from slip- 
ping. Unfortunately for this plausible de- 
fence, horses shod with these shoes slip con- 
stantly on the asphalt pavements of Paris, 

Poor old “ Billy ” McGarrahan was the rich 
man of a day; for the Presidential veto fol- 
lowed closely the passing of the bill that was 
for his relief. It should be observed that 
President Harrison does not deny that the 
claimant is entitled to compensation ; but ho 
is of the opinion that the burden should not 
fail wholly on the Government. The real 
remedy would therefore seem to be in a re- 
vision of the bill itself. 

The disclosure of the fact that rum in great 
quantity is shipped to Africa for the demor- 
alization of the natives was a severe shock to 
the philanthropist. It seems that these sav- 
ages are to suffer further corruption, for Mr. 
Edwin Cleary proposes to give “comic 
opera” along their coast and in the interior. 
A few years ago a French operetta company 
traveled in Western Asia and met witli sing- 
ular adventures. The 'repertoire of Mr. 
Cleary is not yet known but it will doubtless 
include “A Trip to Africa.” 

That terrible chapter in the history of New 
England, the tragedy of witchcraft, was 
brought vividlj' to mind yesterday by the 
commemoratory exercifts held at Danvers, 
and by the dedication of a tablet to the 
grateful remembrance of the faithful friends 
that believed in the innocence of Rebecca 
Nurse. And yet the delusion that led to the 
hanging of guiltless men and woman was by 
no means confined to the superstitious and the 
fanatics of New England. It was enter- 
tained universally on the European conti- 
nent; and in England we find the gentle and 
learned Sir Thomas Browne testifying 
against alleged witches, and Sir Matthew 
Hale, a pillar of justice, sentencing the poor 
wretches to death. 

If the riding of bffiycles brings health to 
many and fame to some, there are also at- 
tendant discomforts aud anuoyances. A cit- 
izen of Southport, Conn., was arrested lately 
at Fairfield for “vain sport and recreation, 
by then and there riding about said town 
upon a certain vehicle, known as a bicycle, 
to tlie great disturbance of the good people of 
the State.” There is a species of throat 
disease known as “bicycle throat,” pro- 
duced by continued riding, and the symp- 
toms are dryness, irritation and inflamma- 
tion of the throat and larynx. 

/ - 


There was a time when tlie successful au- 
thor was regarded with wonder, as though 
lie were the one favored child of tlie skv. It 
was supposed commonly that the poet 
caught the measures of tlie skylark ; that 
the plot of a novel came suddenly, in the 
night watches, to the restless inventor; that 
the thought of the essayist sprang, clothed in 
shining raiment, from the fertile brain. The 
literary man was born, not made; he wrote 
only under the influence of inspiration ; 
hunger and dissipation were the nourishers 
of thought; his personal appearance pro- 
claimed his calling; his debts were counted 
a glory; his irregularities were expected ; his 
crimes were pardoned. 

To-day literature is a trade, and the men 
and women that engage in it are not required 
to serve an apprenticeship. The novelist 
works a certain number of hours a day, or 
turns out so many pages of copy. His writ- 
ing is to him a sober and necessary employ- 
ment, as Is tlie making of a pair of boots to 
the shoemaker, or the plowing of a field to a 
farmer. Trollope hears a clubman complain 
of one of his characters, and the next day he 
kills her. The poet no longer invokes the 
aid of the Muse, and he prefers a comfort- 
able room and a rigid regularity of meals to 
a garret and a gnawing stomach. The essa}-- 
ist borrows an idea from a living or a dead 
friend, and spins out an article of the con- 
ventional length. In former days the author 
existed solely for the interpretation of Nature 
and Humanity to his fellows. Now the phe- 
nomena of nature, the history of tlie race 
and the heart of man serve only as material 
for the business purposes of the author. 

Now, as then, the greater number of us 
feel an interest in famous writers. \Js Alex- 
ander smith phrased it nearly thirty years 
"ago, “ We like to read about thorn, to know 
what they said on this or the other occasion, 
wbat sort of house they inhabited, what 
fashion of dress thev wore, if they liked any 
particular dish for dinner, what kind of 
women they fell in love with and whether 
their domestic atmosphere was stormy or the 
reverse.” To l>e sure, this is not new a “ pe- 
culiar interest." as it was when Smith wrote: 

the prize fighter, the millionaire and the 
skirt dancer share this species of adoration 
with the poet and the novelist. When 
Walter Besnnt writes of the advantages and 
the disadvantages of his calling many will 
read his opinions. And many will bo dis- 
appointed, for there is in his article in the 
Forum of August little that will gratify 
curiosity and nothing that will serve the re- 
tailer of agreeable gossip : the article is a 
complaint that once or twice is dangerously 
near a whine. 

It must be remembered, however, that Mr. 
Besnnt confines his remarks to the condition 
of the literary men in England. Hefindsthere 
few or no encouragements to the literary 
life: “of outside encouragement, none, none, 
none.” There is no academy, as in France, 
to maintain literature on the same level as 
other liberal professions. “Every man man- 
ages his own affairs for himself as best he 
can; that is to say, he cannot manage them 
at all.” He is to the publisher as “a mendi- 
cant dependent on the doles of his master.” 
The literary profession has no central college 
or institute that might regulate the business 
management. “No worker in the world, not 
even the needlewoman, is more helpless, 
more ignorant, more cruelly sweated than 
the author.” There is a national contempt 
for the men that write; they are not 
invited as literary men to national 
functions; they are not asked to assist in the 
unveiling of busts of departed brethren; they 
are not, with one lonely exception, admitted 
to the peerage, and thus they are rated pub- 
licly below the brewers. “The most remark- 
nble point in the Victorian age will probably 
be the fact that the men who made the 
greatest glory of the age— the men of science 
and of literature— received no honor, no 
recognition, no encouragement, from the 
advisers of the Victorian court. They have 
been absolutely neglected.” 

Then there is the question of dollars. The 
number of men that live by the production 
of original work, apart from journalism, is 
comparatively small. “Half a dozen dram- 
atists; about a hundred novelists; a few 
successful writers of educational books, and 
a few publishers’ hacks.” At the same time, 
Mr. Besant claims that there are over fifty 
novelists in America and Great Britain 
whose income from the literary calling 
amounts to more than a thousand pounds a 
year. But there are few that can afford to 
live by writing. 

The encouragements are “the joy of it;’’ 
“the honor of success,” as it is seen in the 
profound popular admiration for the man 
that has succeeded. Mr. Besant thinks these 
encouragements are powerful enough per- 
haps to counterbalance all the discourage- 
ments; and he believes the discouragements 
may be remedied by “men and women of let- 
ters acting together as a company, a guild, a 
profession, an association.” But the many 
discouragements spoken of by Alexander 
Smith are unnoticed by Mr. Besant, although 
they are not peculiar to Great Britain. It is 
possible that they would seem trifles to the 
ingenious novelist; and yet “trilies make up 
the happiness or the misery of mortal life.” 

The objection of officers and men to the 
baptism of a ship by a married woman may- 
be a silly superstition, but such whims of 
sea-faring men may well be tolerated. Steam 
and steel have destroyed the romance of 
maritime life, and if the sailor were now 
deprived of the enjoyment of his pet super- 
stitions, he would feel himself aland lubber, 
and no longer the superior of stoker and 
marine. _ 

Although the failure of the plan to secure 
the Althorp Library for the United States 
may awake disappointment it is a relief to 
know that thi- remarkable collection will be \ 
preserved intact, and will be devoted to pub- 
lic use. The dismemberment of a great li- 
brary and the pillaging by selfish collectors, 
who value books only for the sake of rarity, 
is to the advocate of broad and liberal edu- 
cation as sheer vandalism as was the burn- 
ing of the libraries of Alexandria and 

It appears that Hugh O’Donnell, who w ars 
iately earning SlfiO a month, was originally a 
scrap sweeper in the, employ of the company 
with whom he is now at war, and at the be- 
ginning he welcomed the thought of 07 cents 
\ day. The very conditions with which he 
finds fault enabled hlrn to lead a comfortable 
life at borne, enlivened oy thoughts of sea- 
side vacation*. ' — ■ 

The people of this city may take ni melan- 
choly and selfish pleasure in reading of the 
suffering of other citizens during the late 
hot weather. The death rate of last week in 
Baltimore, for example, was unparalleled In 
the history of that town. There was a total 
of 457, against 207 in the corresponding week 
of f»i, and of this total 224 were under five 
years. Our east wind may bo rude and even 
dangerous at times, but in the dog-days it is 
a thing of mercy and a positive salvation. 

Jamaica ginger is not the only refuge of 
dipsomaniacs when they cannot get whisky 
or other familiar aids to intoxication. Bay 
rum, burning fluids, cologne and any prepar- 
ation for household use that spurs for 
a moment the stomach or fires the brain are i 
sought eagerly by the diseased. As long as 
personal liberty is allowed, the victim of al- 1 
coholism will find poison in that which is 
apparently harmless and invent singular 
ways of self-gratification. 

The hot weather is favorable to the discov- 
ery of serpents of all descriptions. The sea 
serpent was seen lately in Lake Ontario, and 
when a bold man beat it on the head with an 
oar, “ it disappeared with a hiss like that 
made by a buzz saw.” The passengers of the 
Trinacria, and among them were thirty howl- 
ing dervishes “ who will illustrate the faith 
of Mohammed at the World’s Fair,” saw a 
fiery snake ‘in the sky which sported for 
three-quarters of an hour, while the barome- 
ter went down, the wind died away, and there j 
was a slight shock to the vessel. And now 
Dr. Scoville has discovered and identified a 
mound snake 1900 feet long near Lebanon, 0., 

“ on the old Stubs farm.” 

The career of the late Lord Sherbrooke, more 
familiarly known as Robert Lowe, was a re- 
markable exhibition of the triumph of mind | 
aver physical infirmities, and parallel in cer- | 
tain directions to the public life of Henry 
Fawcett, although the useful period of its 
duration was shorter. Lord Sherbrooke was 
an albino and nearly blind, and yet he won 
the chief prizes at Oxford, made a fortune in 
eight years in Australia, and seven years 
after bis entrance into Parliament he el- 
bowed his way into the ministry. But his 
brilliancy was dulled by admission to the 
peerage, and in his later years his mind 
seemed as clouded as his eyesight. 

The travels of Prince Bismarck are a mel- 
ancholy close to an epoch-making life. 
Kiugs once stood before him and listened to 
his commands ; now he pours out his woes to 
students as he drinks beer with them. The 
organizer of the perfect system of govern- 
ment by bureaucracy now urges his country- 
men to prevent such government. The vet- 
eran recounts his former deeds, nor realizes 
that lie lags superfluous on his country’s 

It seems hardly possible that Queen Vic- 
toria will carry her feelings of personal re- 
sentment so far as to create a public scandal 
by attempting to avoid the necessity of send- 
ing for Air. Gladstone to form a new govern- 
ment. Her bitterness rests on personal 
rather than political grounds, and it Is of^ 
long standing. The Queen is after all a 
woman, and as she feels that she was once 
slighted by the Liberal leader, female spite 
may lead to royal indiscretion. But her ad- 
visers know the temper of the people of 
England, and they would not permit such an 
exhibition of petty revenge. Still, the aged 
man may he obliged to journey to Balmoral ; 
and tho result will be worth the labor of the j 

2_- f 



The history of murder in its infinite va- 
riety is not only a delight to morbid readers 
and a prick to the grim fancy of a De 
Quincey ; it is a necessary text book to the 
student of sociology, the maker of flaws and 
the philanthropist. The murderer is no 
longer considered merely as a dangerous 
animal who sees everything red; iie is now 
the subject of peculiar study and scientific 
Investigation. Hereditary influen es, physi- 
cal formation, local surrounding s are ex- 
amined carefully. The child’s thumb may 
point in innocent days as an index finger to 
future homicide. A special diet mky fire the 
blood. Physical and inevitable changes may 
turn a sane human being into a riging ani- 
mal. Mental disturbances ari?of suddenly 
and defy examination and classification. 
And so we bear much from French, Italian 
and German men of science concerning the 
disease murder: nor is it surprising that 
amiable men and women wax sentimental in 
accepting a theory as a fact, deplore rude and 
tragic punishments and believe in agentlcand 
educational restraint that would restore the 
murderer to the society which lie lias robbed 
of a life. Statistics concerning murder are, 
then, of value, although they are often in- 
complete, perplexing, or aids to inconse- 
; quential or dangerous reasoning. _ 

i The recent bulletin of tlin’.G'ensiis Bureau i 
! shows that on the 30th of June, 1890, there were 
1 in the prisons of the United States 7380 per- ] 

sons charged with the crime of homicide. 1 

With the omission of doubles, there were 
0958 men and 393 women; 4425 were white, 
2739 were negroes, and there were 94 Chi- 
nese, 1 Japanese and 92 Indians. Of the 393 
women, 233 were imprisoned in the Southern 
States, and 201 were negroes. The question 
of native and foreign parentage was consid- 
ered, and without any definite result ns far as 
national tendency to homicide is concerned; 
but 329 could not speak the English language. 
Arizona seemed the favorite dwelling place 
of murderers, for there was a proportion of 
900 to each million; then came Nevada with 
896. Massachusetts had only 38 to eaeli 
million, and was surpassed by Delaware with 
30. It must bo remembered that criminals 
arc fond of roaming about, and 801 killed in 
States in which they did not reside. 

It is believed commonly that the predomi- 
nating causes of murder are intemperance 
and ignorance- Tho figures of this bulletin 
are likely to provoke animated discussion. 
A great number of these criminals were not 
without education. Two thousand four hun- 
dred and fifty-seven could neither read nor 
write, bid 1553 of the illiterate were negroes. 
Tlie illiterates were 13 per cent, in the East 
and 12 per cent, in the West. Seventy of the 
murderers had been to college, 108 to high 
schools, 11 to medical schools, two to scien- 
tific schools and one to a law school. One 
thousand two hundred and sixty-seven were 
habitual drunkards, but, on the other hand, 
1282 were total abstainer^. It appears from 
these statistics that idleness and ignorance 
of a trade are surer guides to this crime than 
inability to read or the habit of drunken- 
ness, but it would be foolish to build an 
argument on such premises. So, too, would 
it be vain to draw a definite conclusion from 
the marital relations of the men and the 
women in prison. There were 3015 who 

were never married ; 2715 were married, and 
703 were widowed. It is a valuable fact, 
however, to know that although only 1225 
were idle at the time of arrest, 5175 of the 
6938 men had no trade. 

Certain contemporaries have commented 
on the great increase in crime, and particu- 
larly murder, in this country in the last dec- 
ade; and they point to the increase of 27.17 
per cent, in the number of homicides in the 
years from 1880 to 1890; but the number of 
murderers in prison is not necessarily in pro- 
portion with the general population and many 
numbered in 1890 were also counted in 1880, 
for certain States have abolished the death 
penalty, and in Kansas the date of an execu- 
tion rests with the Governor. 

Theories concerning the causes of the 
crime, its possible prevention, and the 
remedy best fitted to our present social con- 
dition may bo evolved from such statistics, 
but tho scientific treatment of the subject 
will not be based on such generalizations. It 
does not follow from these figures that total 
abstinence is a characteristic of a murderer, 
or that a collegiate education is likely to he 
crowned by homicide. At the same time it is 
idle to claim that education pure and simple, 
without any cultivation of the moral sense 
or fostering of religious instincts, will of 
itself be a check rein to the passions of man- 
kind. ‘ 

The congestion of baggage rooms and the 
crowding and the delay of trains of yester- 
day, were due to the fact that August 1st is 
to nmny an inexorable day of departure, not 
to be turned into a movable feast by change 
of weather or business complications. There 
is a prevalent idea that the first of this month 
is fatal to the dwellers in cities, and men and 
women flee the town as thougli it were 
plague-stricken. This regulation of life by 
the calendar is seen at other times and in 
other ways. There are estimable people, 
for instance, who don light flannels the first 
of May and heavy underwear the first of 
November, although Nature laughs at their 
system of “domestic economy.” And 
although they suffer they find consolation in 
the thought of a regular habit. 

Theatrical managers are just now under 
the suspicion of the law, and it is not im- 
probable that they will be subject to the 
dictation of unions. There is an attempt in 
New York State to protect members of 
“barn-storming” companies against courage- 
ous and impecunious managers and to insure 
payment of salaries. Then the members of 
theatrical protective unions, composed of 
carpenters, gas men, property men and stage 
hands, held a convention yesterday in New 
York, • 1 agreed in fixing a scale of wages. 

And , c here in Boston it appears that the 
grant.ngof a license depends on a promise 
to keep the stage free from “gagging” of 
Aldermen and other city authorities. I . 
will soon he in order for theatre goers to . 
combine in self-defence against sensational 
playwrights and the inventors of “comic 
opera.” I 

The German! sj are not unwilling to lonrn 
from the experience of remote nations. The 
great battles ofjour Civil AVar were studied 
by their officers with protit, and the lato 
experiment of bicycle courier service be- 
tween Chicago And New York taught them 
an object lesson! that they imitated quickly. 
A rider started the other day from the Bran- 
denburger Thoii Berlin, with a dispatch to 
be delivered to llie garrisou commander at 
Cologne, and relay couriers were in readi- 
ness at regular intervals along the route. 

A correspondent calls attention to the 
slanderous natufe of a paragraph now in cir- 
culation concerning Matthew Thornton, the 
third signer of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence. The statement has been made that 
after the signing he repented, becamo “an 
English sympathiser,” was put in prison, 
and was only released by means of Masonic 
influence. A correction of this statement! ap- 
peared lately in the Salem Register. ' Dr. 
Thornton, it seems, never wavered in his 
patriotism. He was not forced to live on 
English soil, as lias been alleged ; in 1770 lie 
removed to Exeter, and the following year lie 
bought the Sutvvyclie farm on the banks of 
the Merrimac. Ho died at Newburyport, 
ripe in years and honor, in 1803. His grave 
near Thornton's Ferry, N. H., is covered by 
a white marble slab, inscribed with his name 
and age, and the epitaph, “An Honest Man.” 
In 1887 the Legislature of New Hampshire 
voted $1000 for a monument to be placed 
over his grave. In these days when there is 
a general whitewashing of suspicious char- 
acters of the past; such an attempt to blacken 
the memory of a patriot is singular. 

The formation of the great sealskin com- 
bination known as the George C. Treadwell 
Company, which by arrangement with the 
Victoria sealers may take from London dyers 
and finishers a trade which has been theirs 
exclusively, brings to mind the simple life of 
the man whose name is used in the title. 
About sixty years ago Mr. Treadwell, who 
was of a Connecticut family, invented the 
dye named after him, and which gave him a 
world-wide reputation; the formula was 
kept a profound secret in spite of the at- 
tempts of rivals to discover it by honest and 
dishonest means. Although lie died in Al- 
bany a rich man, liis life was simple to the 
point of sternness. His house was governed 
by old New England rules that seem to have 
been imported from Sparta. His one thought 
was his business; outside of that he took no 
pleasure, and he had but a slight interest in 
the ordinary affairs or innocent pleasures of 
humanity. The conduct of the Hudson Bay 
Company in closing certain posts was due to 
lower prices received for bear and beaver 
gkins. There seems to be no decline in the 
demand for sealskin. 

This is undoubtedly a country of free 
speech, but it is a grave question whether 
such outrageous harangues as the shrieks of 
the New York Anarchists against the law 
and public decency should be allowed. There 
is danger of magnifying the importance of 
the opinions of such men as Lum and Pen- 
kert if the police interfere and turn the 
blatant orators into martyrs. On the other 
hand these speeches may be to the half- 
crazed and vicious immigrant as the match 
to the powder keg. Fortunately there is an 
element of the grotesque in all these meet- 
ings, and when Mr. Dyer Lum, in speaking of 
“The Hero of Pittsburg,’’ declares that 
“When a man like him decides that he is ready 
to leave the world and to take a respectable 
Christian witli him he does right ” he excites 
chiefly ridicule, mingled with contempt. 

The sad death of a Boston man who 
fell dead in Gloucester while hurrying to 
catch an outward bound train may remind 
the nervous and those disposed to affections 
of the throat, lungs and heart of 
the value of time. This time is val- 
uable not in the sense of money 
but of health. It is safer and wiser to allow 
a few minutes leeway in the pursuit of trains 
and street cars than to incur certain discom- 
fort and possible accident by the mad rush so 
characteristic of the American people. 

Our managers of theatres might follow 
with advantage a custom of their Mexican 
brethren. In many theatres of Mexico the 
acts of a play are charged for separately. 
The spectator pays for the first act when he 
1 takes his seat. After the fall of the cur- 
tain a collector appears and asks payment 
for the second act. If the spectator is dis- 
satisfied or devoid of curiosity lie leaves the 
theatre; if he wishes to follow the plot or is 
pleased with the antics of the low cornel - « , 

he pays the second installment. The in. . 
duction of this custom would undoubtedly 
spur tlie playwright and the actor. The 
c-ritir might then measure easily the merits 
of the performance by counting the audience 
after each act, but he would be obliged to re- 
main until the close that he might “ verify 
his suspicions.” 

Chicago is alivo to the danger of its street 
crossings, and calls loudly for an elevation 
of railway tracks.- And not without reason ; 
for within the last six months one hundred 
and fifty were killed and four hundred ami 
I tiftv were maimed for life. 


It would appear from the recent action of 
the Board of Aldermen in refusing a license 
to a theatre unless the managor agreed to 
protect the authorities against jests and gags 
which might offend Aldermanic dignity that 
Boston, as well as London, is to be provided 
with a public censorship in dramatic matters. 
It will be remembered that some time ago 
the Aldermen of this city passed solemn 
judgment on the alleged immorality of a play 
produced at one of our theatres ; but the cases 
are not parallel. Then there was a ques- 
tion of an alleged offence against public 
morals ; now it is a matter of official sensitive- 
ness. The Alderman is fond of going to the 
theatre. Of a social disposition, he takes his 
friends, and while lie thus sublets the hos- 
pitality of the manager he cannot brook the 1 
dull or pointed joke of a comedian sug- 
gested by the management of civic affairs 
or the personal peculiarities of the city 
fathers. He therefore tries to compel the 
manager to prevent the use of the Aider- 
manic body as a target. The manager may 
say that ho cannot be held, responsible for 
the written lines or the impromptu gags 
spoken by members of a company over which 
he has no control, as long as decency is pre- 
served ; but this defence is not admitted. As 
Alderman Sullivan puts it: 

Ihe committee have made the managers 
agree to the proposition simply because they be- 
lieve that ill-timed and cheap gags founded on 
nothing and directed toward a representative 
body do much harm and have an effect of lower- 
ing the dignity and casting uncalled-for reflec- 
tions. Other cities have this provision in all 
permits granted to theatres, and become places 
the delivery pf a gag involving thefiame of'any 
city official is punished by a fine of $50.. Why. 
in Portsmouth. N. H., there is a law against it.” 
There are classical precedents for such 
censorship. According to the ingenious 
Suetonius, Caligula was a zealous reformer 
of the stage, a man after the heart of Jeremy 
Collier. He was in the habit of ordering the 
ov eiseer of the spectacles to be scourged in 
fetters, during several days' successively, in 
his own presence. He burned alive, in the 
centre of the arena of the amphitheatre, the 
writer of a farce “ for some witty verse, 
which had a double meaning.” Unfor- 
tunately we are left in ignorance of the 
precise nature of this ancient gag, but with- 
out doubt it reflected bitterly on the admin- 
istration of Caligula. And the books are 
i ull of instances of the loving care exercised 
by the rulers of antiquity in the manage- 
ment of theatrical matters. 

The Aldermen are no doubt disgusted at the 
impertinence and the incongruity of the 
gag, and their sesthetical taste is naturally 
offended. They go, for instance, to a “comic 
opera,” in which the scene is laid in the 
court of Louis XIV. The jester is not con- 
tent with consistent fooling ; at the request 
of the Cardinal he sings a topical song and 
seizes the opportunity to indulge himself in 
anachronisms. He alludes to base ball, 

| Poker and the achievements of the AYestEnd 
Street Railway Company. It is true that 
the wretched comedian is encouraged by the 
thoughtless audience, although the applause 
may be the expression of future hope rather 
than past or present satisfaction. But an 
Alderman of Boston is not so easily tickled. 
His sense of historical perspective is out- 
raged ; lie does not wish to censure indirectly 
the ignorance of the audience, and so lie puts 
his complaint on personal grounds, and is 
unwilling to set himself above liis fellow- 
townsmen, as his office is often a local acci- 

Or the Alderman knows the past history of 
the stage and remembers how Aristophanes 1 
lashed the yard politicians of his day; he 
calls to mind the influence of Beaumarchais 
on the Frenchmen ripe for revolution. The 
comedian is to him a traditional foe. No 
wonder that he longs to cut his claws. 

For the statement of Alderman Sullivan 
must be regarded as merely a pretence, a 
subterfuge. It is true that Cleopatra and 
Henry Irving objected to counterfeit pre- 
sentments on tile mimic stage; but the Sen- 
ators at AVashington sit undisturbed when 
Iago taunts Brabantio with liis office. Nor 
did Dogberry object to the public record of 
the opprobrious epithets applied to him. Our 
Aldermen are either eon servers of art, or 
they know the disastrous effects of a gag 
when it is used in undermining social and 
political fabrics. 

The comparatively close proximity of 
Mars interests not only tile astronomer who 
hunts for snow mountains and canals; it ex- 
cites the mind of the astrologer. AVo are re- 
minded that the Homestead riots are syn- 
chronous with tills approach; that in years 
ago, when Mars was also near us, thorn wero 
riots in Pittsburg; 13 years before was the 
year of Manassas, and 15 years before that 
the battle of Chcrubuseo was fought. The 
astrologer does not mention the fact that 
more bloody events were remarked when 
Mars seomed to avoid us. 

ne irom soreness and tickling of the throat 
will be of interest to all specialists. During 
the day lie drank a little beer. AVhen lie be- 
gan to speak lie called for hot beef tea, as it 
is a mild and non-intoxicating liquid warm 
and soothing to the throat.” As he an 
proached his peroration he sipped whisky 
that lie might modulate his voice more effect- 
ively. Butin insisting on tho list of these 
medical prescriptions, Mr. AVatson has shown i 
surely personal feeling rather than a devour- I 
mg zeal for the dignity of the House or the I 
public welfare. 

Whiie the Southern Democrats, aided by 
e New York Sun, are fighting against the 
proposed contribution to the AYorld’s Fair 
the people of Chicago may consider with ad- 
vantage the public spirit of the people of 
uelva and Palos, who now pay tribute to 
Columbus and his crew and wish it under- 
stood that they, the descendants of the 
manners, are doing it, not Spain. At the 
| same time the Spanish Government is inter- 
ested in the memorial services, the artillery 
salutes, the aquatic processions, the waving 
of banners and the braying of brass bands, 
j and in short, the general and particular 
junketing ; and it offers its aid. 

The “young man at Berlin,” who is such a 
thorn in Bismark’s side, has sailed his yacht 
n tlie race at Cowes. Certain contenipor- 
anes argue gravely that his purpose in so 
doing is to give an impetus to yachting in 
German waters, and to thus fire the maritime 
spirit of Germany. It is barely possible 
however, that the Emperor is fond of the 
sport and wishes to crow over his relations 
by marriage. At the same time yachting is 
fast becoming a fashionable amusement 
aloDg the coast of Germany, and the amuse- 
ment is an education for sterner maritime 

The report that the tall, thin girl is the 
mistress of fashion this season is contradict- 
ed by the story that comes from Maine. The 
Mayor of St. John’s has received a letter 
from a farmer of that State who says that he 
wishes to aid a sufferer by the fire. He will 
pay “ a female help ” good wages, and when 
lie knows her well he will marry her “if 
agreeable.” But she must be " plump” and 

not under 150 pounds in weight. Then the 
writer adds : “ Two persons may thereby be 
made com fortable and happy.” 

Honors often wear singular disguises, as 
when Mascagni, the composer, is appointed I 
to the Committee of Management of Hos- 
pitals by the Municipal Council of Leghorn I 
It was thought perhaps that the musician | 
who in his “Cavalleria Rusticana” has 
so shown his ability to fret the nerves might 
be of service in the diagnosis of neurotic | 

The rruscees oi r'uouc reservations nave 
been chartered by the Commonwealth to pro- 
vide the admirers of any beautiful or historical 
spot in this State “with a ready instrument 
for making that spot a reservation and for 
insuring its perpetual care.” Owners of 
beaches, bluffs, bill tops, ravines, groves, 
river banks or roadsides, are thus enabled to 
benefit the public and themselves; for such 
places properly cared for enhance the value 
of adjaeent real estate as well as beautify 
the neighborhood. The giver of land or the 
contributor of money for this purpose may 
be a “Founder, Life Associate or Contrib- 
utor,” according to the extent of liis gift. 
At present there are two Founders, twenty 
Life Associates and two hundred Contribu- 
tors enrolled. A copy of the Trustees’ re- 
port will be sent to anyone who requests it; 
and all correspondence should be addressed 
Charles Eliot, 50 State street. 

Superintendent Seaver, in his address 
before the Harvard Teachers’ Association, 
was right in calling the habit of giving tru- 
ants, after conviction in court, to the keep- 
ers of jails and reformatories, “a burning, 
crying shame.” A truant is not a raging 
criminal, and the natural impulse of every 
healthy boy to go a-fishiug, to play ball or to 
skate even during the hours of school is not 
necessarily a symptom of original sin. But 
to put a boy of a susceptible age in company 
wlth professional criminals is simply to adil 
to their number in due course of time. 

Opinions differ, naturally, concerning tne 
wisdom of widening Tremont street by re- 
moving the sidewalks to arcades within the 
buildiugs. Foreign shops thus protected 
thrive in business, as in Paris, London and 
Berlin. Relief from congestion of the street 
might come if Mr. Carter's advice were 
regarded promptly: “Keep teams moving, 

prevent pedlers from stopping in the street, 
and keep the stands out." 

There is a lively interest in the maps of 
Mars, and the planet by its close approach 
has shown that the chart of Schiaparelli 
needs correction. It would be of more im- 
mediate benefit if we improved our own sur- 
veys and redeemed American cartography 
from its present reproach. It is not too 
much to say that the ordinary maps and at- 
lases within the reach of Americans of 
limited means give an inadequate idea of the 
topography of their own country. The ex- 
lellence and the cheapness of German maps 
sre known to all, and it is said by experts 
:hat even Japan is better mapped as a eoun- 
try than the United States. 

Passages on the will of Cyrus W. Field are 
pathetic even in the legal wording. The 
behavior of his son Edward had brought loss 
and shame to the generous father, whose 
last thoughts, however, were of a loving and 
forgiving nature. “ I wish to promote har- 
mony and avoid bitter feeling between my 
children.” This will is in strong contrast 
with the, testaments of certain richer men 
who have deliberately wreaked posthumous 
vengeance on innocent members of their 
household or thus thrown apples of discord 
into the gathering of mourners. 

The mystery of the Salisbury Beach poison- 
ing is now sinister. The thought of individ- 
ual carelessness or imprudence on the part of 
the guests, and the fear that village-laziness 
had corrupted the water, are driven out by 
suspicion of murderous intent. It seems 
hardly possible that personal spite could go 
so far as to injure the innocent as w ell as the 
;nemy or enemies; and it is to be earnestly 
Soped that the suspicion will be proved 

Certain railway and steamship companies 
in Switzerland have insured themselves 
against all losses arising from accidents 
either to their employes or to their passen- 
gers. For every workman killed the com 
pany pockets ..=2500; for every passenger, 
S»vii. This statement has been offered in 
' explanation of “the recklessness ” that had 
led lately to fatal accidents in Switzerland, 
but the report is hardly credible. Letters 
from the scenes of these accidents to the 
London Times have spoken in the highest 
terms of the care and the attention shown by 
the officers and crews of the com- 
panies, and the Swiss, who live largely by 
the support of foreign tourists, would cer- 
tainly, from mere policy, do all within their 
power to insure safety of travel. 

Revolutions, destruction of dynasties, 
peaceful successions are alike welcomed by 
the collector of postage stamps, for he can 
then add to his collection. The com- 
memoration of the discovery of America will 
appeal to him, for it is stated on good 
authority that the Postmaster General has 
approved of designs for a new series of 
stamps, and each design will represent some 
incident in the life of Columbus. It is to be 
hoped that both the designs and the selection 
of colors will be a credit to governmental '■ 
taste, for our country and all its belongings j 
w ill be subjected to keen foreign criticism. ’ 

Justice is figured commonly as serene, im- 
perturbable, not to be shaken by the fragments 
of. a world, not to be annoyed by the stings of 
criticism. Her ministers, however, are men 
of human passions, and Judge Pickett of 
New Haven Is perhaps not to be blamed for 
his severe censure of the newspaper reporter 
w ',o had ridiculed his decisions, made false 
statements, and encouraged indirectly deeds 
of violence. Newspapers occasionally forget 
that a Judge is not responsible to them ; that 
rases should be tried by Judge and jury, not 
by public opinion. Nor should a verdict be 
anticipated or influenced by the public press. 

To-day is the 100th anniversary of the 
birth of Percy Bysshe Shelley. There are 
commemorative editorial articles and critical 
reviews of his rare politic genius; and scan- 
dal mongers seize the opportunity of reviv- 
ing in pungent paragraphs the unfortunate 
episodes in his domestic life. The late Prof. 
Freeman lived in an atmosphere in which the 
past was as real as the present, and when his 
attention was once called to a discussion 
about Shelley’s first wife, he wrote to a 
friend: “Why will they trouble .us with 

this Harriet question ? You and I have quite 
enough to do v N* Helen and Theodora and 
Mary .Stuart’’/ ^ 

The attention of writers of "comlc^fcia,” 
who complain that there is a lack of color 
and an absence of material for stage display- 
in an American subject, is called to the 
fact that there are about sixty camels roam- 
ing at will in the Arizona desert. These 
catnols are the descendants of fifteen which 
were imported by the Government before the 
war; they were found unsuitable for the 
work assigned them and they were then 
turned loose. Audiences delight in the 
appearauoe of animals on the stage, and the 
camel might bo introduced consistently in 
an operetta in which the action is in the 
remote territories. 

The practical American has turned the 
amusement of dancing into a formulated 
exercise. He has discovered that an average 
waltz takes one over or about three-quarters 
of a mile; a square dance is half a mile, 
and a galop is a good mile at a 
run. A girl of ordinary attractions and 
attainments would cover easily during an 
evening fifteen miles, without the intermis- 
sion strolls. Physicians may iu the future 
prescribe two square dances or three waltzes ; 
the prize-fighter will find ten galops an 
agreeable manner of reducing flesh ; and a 
pleasing favor of the future German will be 
a richly ornamented pedometer. 

A long continued sojourn on a high moun- 
tain top may cure the victim of the tobacco 
habit. Mr. Whyniper noticed that the desire 
was killed at a great altitude. When he and 
his guides were on Chimborazo, at an eleva- 
tion of 10,000 feet, they found smoking such 
hard work that they abandoned it gladly, j 
for they could breathe only with an open \ 

The usefulness of the banana seems un- 
limited. N,o longer is it merely a delight to 
the consumer and an encouragement to the 
practice of medicine.' Meal is now made 
from it in its unripe state, and this meal will 
keep as long as flour. The producing power 
of the banana is great, forty-four times as 
great as that of the potato, and it is expected, 
that the meal will ultimately lower the pres- 
ent price of a loaf of bread. Its skin gives a 
fine fibre from which cloth can be manufact- 
ured; tile juice furnishes an indelible ink, 
and it can be fermented into vinegar. Beer 
•an be made from the meal, and the Germans 
. have found a method of turning the banana 
nto a nutritious sausage. These statements 
are said to rest on good authority, and it is 
not improbable that this versatile fruit may 
yet become a substitute for family butter or 
be used in removing superfluous hair. 


The Massachusetts Society for Promoting! 
Agriculture was incorporated one hundred 
years ago. The centennial anniversary this 
year is commemorated fitly by the publica- 
tion of an interesting and valuable report of 
the present Secretary, Mr. Francis H. Apple- 
ton. This report is naturally of a retrospect- 
ive nature; at the same time it is full of. sug- 
gestion for the present and the future. It 
w-ould he a pleasure to review it at length 
and in detail; but scattered instances of the 
cnrioslties of Massachusetts agriculture may 
be of more immediate interest. 

And first, this society is not only prior in 
date to all others in the State, but, as a cor- 
poration, to all others in the United States. 
Even European societies were few’ in num- 
ber; there were only two in Great Britain. 
The names of the petitioners in 1792 are 
many of them familiar and honored to-day on 
account of the men that now bear them. The 
petitioners were prompted chiefly by senti- 
ments of patriotism and philanthropy. There 
were no party questions involved. There was 
much discontent; there was poverty which, 
in many cases, was akin to destitution. 
Leading men of both parties saw the solu- 
tion of the problem in the judicious cultiva- 
tion of the soil. Now this soil itself w’as in 
many places exhausted, and there was no 
adequate method of restoring it. Tools were 
cumbrous. Four-wheeled farm vehicles were 
unknown. Singular superstitions prevailed. 
Seed was sown and timber cut with regard 
to the condition of the moon. When Charles 
Newbold of New Jersey made a plow- 
mold board wholly of cast iron the farmers 
feared it, for they thought it would poison 
the land and promote the growth of weeds. 
To plow shallow was the only rule. Cat- 
tle were exposed to the rudeness of winter 
that they might “ toughen.” The use of salt 
in curing hay, rotation in crops, the plowing 
in of green crops were unknown. Fruit 
cultivation was confined to the production of 
cider apples. Neither neat cattle, horses, 
nor swine were of any breed. The men who 
thought improvement in agriculture possible 
were dubbed in tavern talk “gentlemen 

In the infancy of this society clergymen 
gained many premiums. A gold medal was 
awarded to Kcv. Jonathan Newell of Stow 
1 for a method of draining ponds. The Rev. 
William Welles of Brattleboro’, Yt., gave’ 
full directions for making small beer and 
strong beer in his essay on the cultivation of 
barley; for home-brewed beer was then in 
niiiv.-r-ai use. A clergyman in 1WS wrote a 

premium essay on compost aud won the gold 
medalof the society. Mr. Appleton explains 
this clerical competition by suggesting that 
other experimenters did not, as a rule, feel 
competent to express their experiences on 
paper, and rural clergymen of that day were 
obliged to farm, as their salaries were 

It is most interesting to note the gradual 
introduction of improvements in seeds, cat- 
tle and implements. On one occasion $45 
was drawn from the funds of the society to 
pay for a quantity of seeds of the early Vir- 
ginia wheat. There was a special importa- 
tion from England of several varieties of po- 
tatoes, for in 1792 the potato was not in com- 
mon use in this country, and the turnip was 
the favorite vegetable. Mulberry seeds were 
brought over at an early (late. State lines 
were ignored when the gold medal of 1802 
was awarded to a Connecticut man for the 
importation of 100 Merino sheep. A like 
medal was given to Seth Adams of Dorches- 
ter for an importation of a pair of these 

sheep. From the year 1814 dates tiie prac- 
tice of importation by the society itself of 
choice breeding animals, the first instance 
having been from France of two bulls and 
two cows of the Alderney, or what is known 
as the Jersey breed. 

Tiie story of the labors of Thomas Jeffer- 
son in behalf of the improvement of the 
plow is told in pleasant language. Tiie his- 
tory of the cattle shows is treated graphi- 
cally. The dinners of the society were given 
at the Dudley Tavern or at the Bull’s Head. 
The bills of fare are preserved, and we know 
that “Madeira wine” and cider were the 
favorite tipples. The guests were the dis- 
tinguished men of the time. John Adams, 
Daniel Webster, Judge Story, Edward Ever- 
ett, Commodore Bainbridge and Commodore 
Hull, Captain Basil Hall of the British Navy 
and General Coffin of the British Army were 
thus entertained ; and Audubon and Spurz- 
heim once sat down together. 

But there is hardly a page of this report 
that does not include an interesting fact or a 
curious reminiscence. It is a pamphlet that 
is entertaining reading to all comparers of 
the past with the present, to all who are 
eager to know the successive stages of the 
material development of this country. 

Because Mr. Howells ^confesses that when- 
ever he has given way to inspiration “and 
dashed off a lot of work,” he has found the 
next day that it was simply rubbish, lie is 
called by certain contemporaries a plodder, 
devoid of imagination or poetry. But the 
method of illustrious writers of novels is a 
refutation of this charge. Hardy and Zola 
are men of daily and routine desk work, as 
were Thackeray and Balzac. To be sure 
there was one great exception, the elder 
Dumas; but a Dumas is not born in every 
‘decade or every century. 

The search for gunpowder in the Parlia- 
ment buildings, which has been made at the 
opening of every Parliament ever since Guy 
Fawkes and his keg were ready for action, is 
an interesting tradition. It is akin to the 
equally traditional habit of looking under tiie 
bed for a man. If the search were rewarded 
in either case, sublime faith in the possibility 
of such a find would be justified, and the pre- 
vailing curiosity as to the effect on the hunter 
would at last be gratified. _ 

' The death of Mr. John Macgregor does not 
seem to be noticed widely, and yet by his 
Story of the Voyages of the Rob Roy canoe 
he gave a decided impetus to canoeing. His 
first voyage was twenty-seven years ago, 
when the sport in this country was practi- 
cally unknown. The author was a mau of 
versatility, for he was a wrangler at Cam- 
bridge and afterward a writer and a sketcher 
for Punch. 

Tiie publication of the Russian State 
papers in tiie Svaboda of Sofia shows that 
Euphuism is still preserved in diplomatic 
languages. Nothing could be more delicately 
worded than the letter of the Minister in 
which lie hints at dynamite “as the best 
means to bring about a rapid change in 
Bulgaria,” and desires that a visit from 
Prince Ferdinand should coincide with an 
appearance^ of cartridges. 

A writer in the Fortnightly Review pro- 
tests, and with good reason, against en- 
nobling the high kick, which now seems to 
rule the stage, by calling it a dance. It is 
nothing in reality but a gymnastic exercise. 
Tiie art of stage dancing in this country is at 
low ebb. No dancer of late years could have 
moved Margaret Fuller and Emerson to their 
famous expressions of joy at the sight of 
Ellsler. And yet the ballet as conceived by 
Jean Georges Noverre, the great master of 
the art, Is a noble Institution. “It is a liv- 
ing picture of the passions, the manners, the 
ceremonies, and the costumes of all the 
people of th< earth.” But his description 
was written a century ago. 


intellectual burstlfication " (to borrow a 
happy phrase from the New York Sun), is 
not original .with him. The verb is found in 
the great English [Dictionary of Dr. Murray. 
It was used as early as 1805 in an American 
magazine, and Hope in his “English Cathe- 
drals” says that 1 )“ an expanse of wall may 
be arcaded.” 

Drivers of carriages at summer resorts can 
not be too careful in the matter of displaying 
lights after sunset. Several accidonts with 
serious results have ; happened lately in coast 
villages near Boston, on account of the dark- 
ness of the roads. During the reign of the 
moon, village authorities save gas and elec- 
tricity ; but the very brightness of the moon 
makes the shaded ways the more obscure. 

The absurdity of the present system of an- 
nouncing the titles of operatic singers in 
England and America is again seen in the 
publication of Mr. Abbey’s plans for the 
next season. We find bunched together 
“Miss” Reid, “Mile.” Nordica; “Mile.” 
Eames ; “Signor” Rinaldi; “M.” Teste, etc. 
Now Mrs. Eames-Story is neither a “Mile.” 
nor a “Miss.” Madam or Mrs. Nordica is 
not a “Mile.” The singer or player 
should be known according to the 

custom of the country in which he 
performs. Joachim in Germany is an- 
nounced as “Herr Dr. Prof. Joachim.” 
When he plays in Paris, “M. Joachim” ap- 
pears on the programme. If he should come 
here, lie would be then “Mr.” Joachim. At 
oresent our programmes are polyglot, and 
“Herr” and “Frau” rub elbows with 
“Signor” and “MJle.” It would be better 
to borrow the uniformity of the French in 
this matter. 

That was a manly deliverance of opinion 
in the judgment of Lord Chief Justice Coler- 
idge regarding the action in which a work- 
j ingman sued the Duke of Rutland. The 
impudence of the Duke’s son and his out- 
rageous treatment of men of the “lower 
classes,” “could not be tolerated from any 
person, Duke or other,” said his Lordship. 
Years ago another English Chief Justice 
sternly rebuked a Prince, the hero of Shakes- 
peare and known afterward as Henry Y. 
But Prince Hal hung his head because he 
knew the rebuke was deserved; while the 
Duke’s son showed temper even in the court 

The Pall Mall Gazette quotes Gibbon’s 
“Decline and Fall” as follows and finds a 
singular parallel between Dandolo and Glad- 
stone : 

“ Henry Danuolo (Doge of Venice) was 8+ at 
his election (a. d. 1192) and 97 at his death 
I A. D. 1205.) tie shone in the last period of 
human life as one of the most illustrious char- 
| aracters of the times.” 

The newspaper, however, does not pretend 
to limit Gladstone’s usefulness by prophesy- 
j mg the date of his death. 


Camille Saint-Saens has accepted the invi- 
tation of the Music Committee of the World’s 
Columbian Exposition, and in May or June 
of next year he will conduct his own compo- 
sitions and appear as a pianist and an organ- 
ist. This is welcome news to our musicians 
and lovers of music; for although there are 
composers of greater genius in Europe, there 
is no one of such versatility in his musical 
excellence. He is one of the chief operatic 
composers of France, and is. beyond dispute, 
the greatest composer of instrumental music 
in that country at the present day. He is an 
, organist and a pianist of the first rank He 
is a remarkable reader of scores, a man of 
profound musical learning, a writer of brill- 
iant articles concerning music, and an agree- 
able and witty conversationalist. The desire 
to see him, the animal curiosity to examine 
with the eyes an animal of distinction will 
be great, and his arrival and his perform- 
ances will be important dates in the history 
of music in America. 

It is understood that other celebrated com- 
posers and performers of Europe have been 
invited by the committee to direct their own 
works or to play the compositions of others. 
The list is one of illustrious names: Eubin- 
stein and Tsclialkowsky; Brahms and 
Joachim; \ erdi and Boito; Gonnod and 
Massenet. It is doubtful whether we shall 
have the pleasure of entertaining all these 
men. Verdi Is young musically and old in 
years. Gounod’s health is an uncertain quan- 
tity. Then there is the vague terror of the 
ocean that keeps so many foreigners from 
visiting us. Some of the composers may un- 
dervalue the general advance made in music 
during the last twenty years, for they have 
read or heard of the. great success of un- 
worthy compatriots in the United States, 
“the land of dollars,” as it is still called, half 
contemptuously, half enviously, by leading 
German critics. Others may feel that thev 
cannot afford the time, or they may fear lest 
they become a part of a raree-show. Yet the 
invitations were worded in a most courteous, 
generous manner. 

When one of these composers will take 
the stick in hand at Chicago lie will facV 
players not foreign to him, perhaps, hut 
foieign to this country. Fqr how many 
pnativc-l.'pru .Awrj^j&gjre i a ike. fatuous 

i orchestras of Chicago, New York or Boston? 
Mow many native-born conductors are at t ho 
'bead of these orchestras? Is not German 
the language heard in the rehearsals? And 
yet those orchestras are supported chiefly by 
American money, and they play lor Ameri- 
can audiences. Mr. Saint-Saens, for example, 
will, at Chicago, control an orchestra of men 
of various nationalities; the Germans will be 
]h a great majority; the Americans in a 
| ludicrous minority. Ho is a man of biting 
" it. Surely the incongruity of the situation | 
" ill tickle his Gallic fancy. Or reverse the | 
case. Let us suppose that the French people I 
invite Prof. Paine to direct bis orchestral 
compositions at the Trocadero; the orchestra 
that would play under him would be made up 
chiefly of Frenchmen who were taught in 
French schools; there might bo a very small 
minority composed of Belgians, Italians, 
Spaniards and a stray German, for musicians 
are of a roving disposition. If Prof. Paine 
should go to Berlin or Milan, he would find a 
German or an Italian orchestra. 

It is not that we as a people express no in- 
terest in these matters. There is much talk- 
ing, there is constant writing concerning 
music. But when it comes to actual perform- 
ance, we appear to prefer vicarious to active 
participation just as certain Orientals pay for 
the dancing of which they are extravagantly 
fond, but condemn personal activity in the 
dance as a rude and unseemly exercise. We 
call the nations of the earth to Chicago*. The 
foreign mechanic, the foreign physician, the 
foreign farmer and even the foreign artist 
" ill see there the proofs of our native in- 
genuity and skill. The foreign composer 
I will find there no national orchestra. 

(p — . 


i The Roman Catholic Church in the United 
states, as a church, has always supported the 
j Government of the United States. Cardinal 
I Gibbons voiced the sentiment of this most 
powerful body of citizens in his sermon at 
Milwaukee in 1891, when the Pallium was 
conferred on A rchbishop Katzer: 

” The Catholic Church in the Unite,; State, 

oeuspicuons ior its loyalty in the cen- 
tury that has passed away, and we, I am sure, 
will emulate the patriotism of our fathers in the 
us slory in the title of American citi- 
zen. We owe an allegiance to our country, and 
that country is America. We must be in liar- 
mony with our political institutions. It matters 
not whether this is the land of our birth or of 
our adoption. It is the land of our destiny. 
Heie we mtend to live, and here we hope to 
cue. And when our brethren across the Atlantic 
resolve to come to our shores, may they be ani- 
mated by the sentiments of Ruth when she de- 
ermined to join her husband’s kindred in the 
land of Israel.” 

J lie sincerity of such sentiments was 
proved beyond a doubt in the Civil War. when 
thousands of devout Roman Catholics gave 
their influence, their money and their lives 
in the deience of the Constitution. 

It is not surprising, then, to find a cour- 
ageous and learned priest, the Rev. John Con- 
way, tlie editor of the Northwestern ChroD- 
m.e, exposing in the August number of the 
Review of Reviews a conspiracy of German- 
merican priests against American suprem- 
X, tu , s country. This conspiracy began 
in 1884, when eighty-two German priests were 
sent to Rome with a petition to the Propa- 
ganda asking for the removal of certain sup- 
i posed grievances. The petition was rejected 
summarily. It was renewed in 1886 by the 
Rev. P. A. Abbelen of Milwaukee, and it may 
be stated here that the priestly promoters of 
foreigrusm belong chiefly to the Archdioceses 
of bt. Louis and Milwaukee. He asked that 
German-speaking parishes be put on an equal 
footing with English-speaking ones. But 
such has always been the case. Rome also 
decided that newcomers are free to go to any I 
church they please, whereas Father Abbelen ' 
pegged that they might be assigned to a ^ 
church of their own language. In thwarting 
the mission of the Milwaukee priest Arch- 
bishop Ireland and Bishop Keane were 
largely instrumental. 

Hus is not a domestic dispute of ecclesias- 
tics. A political move is covered under the 
name of religion.” In this country the lead- 
ers in the preservation and the increase of 
loreignism are certain priests who came to 
tins country late in life ; they have not been 
able to shake off early influences or grasp 
the American mode of thought and pro- 
gressive spirit. 

They are supported by a few German- 
American Bishops and by the Roman Catho- 
lio papers printed in the German language. 
These priests and Bishops are regarded by 
j R a R ler Conway as the tools of Caliensly, the 
. Austro-Hungarian representative at the 

Vatican,! and lie defines Calienslylsm as “ a 
combined effort of occlosliwtios and Journal- 
ists, mostly German, with the representa- 
tives of foreign Powers for the purpose of 
promoting foreignisni in this country, and 
for using tho Roman Catholic Church as n 
means to that end.” 

These conspirators wish to get a pre- 
ponderance in the Episcopate of this coun- 
try. They demand tho preservation and tho 
propagation of the German language in the 
United States. Mr. Conway says; 

“Tho ugly discussion over the Bonnett law in 
V\ lsconsin was ill reality an outcome of this 
foreign movement. There were a few objection- 
able details of minor momont in the law. but 
tho underlying principle had for its object to 
advance the interests of tho language of tho 
country. The promoters of forolgnism attacked 
the law as radically wrong and they succeeded 
in doing tho very odious thing of dragging in 
j the Catholic Church in Wisconsin to help tlioir 

Fortunately for our country the great body 
of Roman Catholics agree with tho Arch- 
bishop of St. Paul: “We acknowledge the 
Pope of Rome as our chieftain in spiritual 
matters and we are glad to receive direction 
from him. But men in Germany, or Switzer- 
land, or Ireland, must mind their own busi- 
ness and be still as to ours. * * * Nor will 
the authorities in Rome listen lor a moment 
to Caliensly or his friends. The well-known 
policy of Rome is to trust the hierarchy of 
each country, and to encourage in each couu- 
I try Catholicity to the manner born.” 

Among the countries foreign to Germany, 
the United States holds the foremost rank 
as a purchaser of works of art at the Munich 
exhibitions of 1889, 1890 and 1891. A greater 
sum was expended by our people in this pur- 
chase than by the citizens of Munich, and 
it was nearly as great as the total spent by 
Germany ; for the American total was $ 94 ,- 
155. As a result of this substantial appreci- 
ation of Munich art, Germany, it is said, will 
make every effort to be well represented in 
this department at the Chicago Exhibition. 

The French Government has been forced 
to take measures to remedy the abuses in the 
matter of decorations. The Wilson scandals 
are fresh in the minds of all ; and the Legion 
of Honor at one tune was bestowed in such 
abundance that it was almost an honor to be 
without a ribbon in the button-hole. A less 
dignified order is known«rTfie Palmes Acad- 
emiques, which, given to the just and the un- 
just, have lost their value; but the Minister 
of Instruction has determined that the cre- 
dentials of every applicant shall henceforth 
be examined rigorously. It has been pro- 
posed to lay a tax of 50 francs on every palm, 
and thereby contribute to the sinking of the 
national debt. This, however, seems a doubt- 
ful means of limiting the number of appli- 
cants. It is difficult for us to understand the 
burning desire of foreigners to receive the 
often empty honor of such decorations. It 
is a mania not confined to any one class; and 
this mania has nowhere been more amusingly 
described than in “Decore,” a short story 
by Guy de Maupassant. 

A peanut trust has been organized, with 
officers in due order down to the Assistant 
Doorkeeper. It festablishes the price of pea- 
nut sacks, operates factories and defies rings 
and speculators. The world’s peanut centre, 
by the way, is Norfolk, in Virginia. A pea- 
nut factory is the pretext for a strange 
nomenclature. The very definition is to the 
Northern man as deep a mystery as the in- 
scription on exhumed Oriental stones: “A 
peanut factory is a place where they put the 
goobers through such process as wheat has 
j to undergo when it is being cleansed of eliaff 
and rid of cockerel.” Virginia truckers reap 
a harvest of $8,000,000 annually from their 
market, which includes “tops” and 
“ tailers.” 

Many Americans envy the sidewalk life of 
foreign towns, the tables set in front of cafe 
or restaurant, where the lounger can sip his 
coffee or iced drink, or even eat in public, 
watching the passer-by. It is more than 
probable that such lounging in an American 
public street would provoke the ridicule of 
the small boy and the disapprobation of the 
serious citizen. As yet we are too conscious 
of ourselves, too thoughtful of the opinion of 
the public concerning individual action. But 
here in Boston, a more relentess foe than 
Dame Conventionality would be the East 
wind. Our climate is churlish, treacherous, 
or deliberately ironical. 

The statistics of English bankruptcies and 
arrangements for the past half year are not 
agreeable reading for our Anglomaniacs, 
who point continually to the “prosperity” 
of England for their own political purposes. 

A very decided increase of failures is ap- 
parent all around. In the wholesale branches 
the number is 548, against 499 in the June 
half of last year, of which as many as 46 
are in the Manchester district, contrasted 
with only 19 for the first half of 1891. Re- 
tail failures number 4008, against 8388, an 
increase of 18§ per cent., and are distributed 
over the various trades impartially. 

The prices obtained for the Viva and the 
Citv of Chicago show again tlie shrinkage in 
value of abandoned machinery. Whether it 
be an engine or a printing press, ' 
'-light nse or temporary damage turns valua- 
ble property into a thiug of little value. If 
it is true that there was a stock of valuable 
wines on the Alva, the buyers may have 
made a more profitable bargain than they 

The Prince ot Monaco has followed the ex- 
ample of other illustrious meu and made his 
appearaneo ou the lecture platform. It was 
his modesty, no doubt, that prevented him 
from discussing “The Doctrine of Chances 
or the statistics of Suicide,’’ and thus ad- 
vertising quietly his business. He spoke of 
“Tides and Ocean Currents," and the Presi- 
dent of the association thought that a pro- 
posed scheme of the Prince would result in 
timely warning to mariners of Atlantic 
storms. It is a pity that the Gambler- Prince 
does not invent a system of preventing ship- 
wrecks on the reefs of his casino. 

Xewburyport is not the only New England 
town where the eemeterv suffers from ne- 
glect. Broken tablets, flourishing weeds, 
effaced paths, show’ too often that the dead 
are almost forgotten by the living. However, 
this is not always due to carelessness. Many 
dead worthies are w ithout living representa- 
tives ; or the members of the latest generation 
are in far Western towns. At the same time 
it seems as though town authorities might 
easily prevent a cemetery from becoming a 
reproach to the patriotism and reverence of 
the inhabitants. 

Such exhibitions as the “ public praise of 
Allah “ in the Madison Square Garden yester- 
day by twenty-three howling and seven 
whirling dervishes, are an outrage against 
a grave and dignified religion. Theatrical 
managers viewed the performance with an 
eye to possible business, but they were dis- 
gusted, as were the newspaper men in search ] 
of material for copy. Police interference j 
might well he allowed, for such exhibitions j 
are against the public good and a reproach to 
the sincere faith of many Mohammedans. 

Certain foreigners regard our “ palace J 
cars ” as immoral, not in the common sense 
of the word but as destructive of self-respect 
and dignified privacy. The privacy of the 
sleeping car is, to be sure, as “ tumultuous 
a- that insured by Emerson’s storm, but the 
American sense of humor turns that which 
might be. unpleasant into a joke. Mr. Pull- 
man has applied for a patent on a new ven- i 
tilator, which will add materially to the 
comfort of day and night. His device is 
directly the opposite of the old contrivance. 
Instead of having the ventilator in the roof 
alone, it is intended to be used also in the 
windows, so that a current of air may^be 
.sent into the upper and lower berths.* ** 

The Emperor of Germany studies even 
when he is yachting, and a copy of Zola’s 
novel. “The Downfall,” Ison his work table. 
From this powerful story he may learn of the 
horror and misery of war, and thus be 
tempted to curb his martial inclinations. 
T Istoi’s “War and Peace” and “ The Con- 
.-.■ript,’’ by Erckman-Chatrian, might be 
added as suitable text books for the educa- 
tion of a ruler of armies. 


The appearance of “The Xaulahka, a 
jovel w ritten by Sir. Kipling and the late Mr. 
Haleitier, has provoked an animated discus- 
sion concerning the advantages and the disad- 
vantages of collaboration, which has been de- 
Qur-d as “a form of enthusiastic friendship to 
which writers of fiction appear to bo specially 
liable." This species of partnership is not a 
t!.: gof modern invention. In the days of 
Elizabeth. when prose was poetry and tropes 
jn the mouths of laborers, Beaumont 
an i K. etcher, twin stars of the first magni- 
tude in the dramatic firmament, wrote 
plays in company as they drank wine at 
the Mermaid. There were playwrights of 
that age that were imprisoned for their joint 
labors. Fletcher was associated with Shak- 
spear: in the making of "Henry VHl.’’ 

There are notable modern Instances in Eng- 
land and in France, in the drama and in the 
novel: Beade and Taylor; IJesant and Bice; 
Erckinaim-Chatrian ; Meilhac and Ilalevy. 
Ironed, French playwrights are partial to 
si ch partnership. Plays, the texts of operas 
ar d operettas, and novels, are often signed 
wi i two names, sometimes with three, or 
fc'tn four. . 

Some claim that the advantages ot tins 
?y item arc great. One author acts as a com- 
p'u nent to the other. He restrains fancy 
w hen it is too exuberant or he supplies it , 
when it is lacking. He- checks diffuseness, ] 
or i r i • e 3 the plot into coherency, gives a 

i callstic touch to the conversation, puts uere j 
and there a dash of local color. Or he may j 
not take the pen in his hand; he may stand 1 
off and view the work, as a connoisseur in 
the studio of a painter. He thus gains an 
idea of the proportions, of the values; he 
recommends a stronger background, or ho 
complains of certain lights. It is a case, 
they say, of “ two heads are better than 
one.” But much depends on the interior of 
the heads. 

To discuss the question by citing instances 
is to argue from the particular to the gen- 
eral. Without an attempt at argument, it is 
of interest to examine the modern instances. 
The weakest of Charles lleado’s leading 
novels was written with the help of another, 
and Vet the aider was an experienced, yes, 
wily dramatist. Since the death of James 
Rice the novels of Mr. Besant, although they 
are agreeable reading, have lost in the great 
flow of animal spirits. The keenest critics 
have deplored the yielding of Messrs. Kipling 
and Stevenson to the admission of a partner. 
On the other hand, it is impossible for the 
reader to separate Erckijiaun from Chatrian. 
Their novels are apparently the work of one 
man. Meilhac and Hafevy have dissolved 
their partnership by mutual consent, and 
neither seems to suffer thereby, for each, as 
an individual, has produced admirable work 
since the dissolution. 

It is uot to be denied that the effect of such 
partnerships is chiefly to stimulate the curi- 
osity of the reader or to provoke disappoint- 
ment. He plays at liare-and-hounds with 
the authors. A passage here reminds him of 
X, and there a peculiar y w'orded paragraph 
suggests the hand of Z. He is sure that the 
heroic and the love see les are by the well- 
known author, and he charges the padding 
to the assistant. Now lis judgment may be 
often at fault. One map have imitated pur- 
posely the style of the ither; or the Homer 
may have nodded, and the unknown one 
may have shown unexpected power. The 
reading of the novel of partnership becomes 
then the attempted solution of a problem. 

The great novels of the world are due to 
the imagination of individual writers un- 
aided except by experience and by knowl- 
edge of the human heart. Fielding, Thack- 
eray and Hardy, Balzac, Dumas and Zola 
speak to the reader with personal intensity. 
When tw& speak to him together, although 
there are rare exceptions, and he then hears 
but one voice, his attention is distracted ; 
curiosity perhaps holds him to the end; but 
tho Vinnk does not master him. 

It is said that the Emperor William- is 
deeply mortified by his late marine defeats, 
and it is hinted that such defeats would 
Have been impossible in German waters. 

Yet it would seem as though even the re- 
spect due royalty and the sycophancy that 
begs preferment would give way to the keen 
desire of a yachtsman to bring his boat in 


l'awning, which was formerly regarded 
pnlv as a symptom of boredom or disease, is 
now the chief feature of a Swiss cure. 
“Pharyngitis, catarrh of the eustachian tube 
and pain in the ear” are now relieved or 
absolutely healed by yawning at 
stated intervals. How this yawning is super- 
induced is left to the imagination of the 
reader of Dr. Naegeli’s discovery ; but here 
is ample material for the jests of the para- 
grapher or the sneers of the literary and the 
dramatic critics. 

A contemporary remarks with justice that 
the tour of the Arion Singers in Germany 
lias accomplished more toward asserting tho 
respectable position of music and music-mak- 
ers in the United States “than has been 
achieved by all the rubbish that has been 
talked and printed about encouragement to 
American composers, and by all the societies 
gotten up for the demonstration of this, that 
or the other point during the last ten years.” 
Mr. Van dor Stucken proved to the singing 
societies of Germany that in purity of tone 
and in expression they might learn from a 
club, younger in years, not governed by hide- 
bound tradition, made up of Germans imbued 
thoroughly with American ideas- 

• The efforts of London philanthropists bear | 
fruit at last. A few days agp there was an 
indisputable proof of the existence of culture 
in tho East End. A Mr. Chapman Cohen, 
who, when lie was baled afterward to the 
judge, described himself as a “scholar,” 
harangued a crowd in the open air on the 
subject of “Evolution in Creation." His 
doctrines were distasteful; his arguments 
wore inconclusive. Shouts arose: Down 

with him!” “I.vnch him! ’ and Break up 
the programme!” Such an enthusiastic 
manifestation of scientific interest is only 
rivalled by the disputes in Boston each 
eason concerning the merits of orciiestral 
conductors, the “temperament!’ of pianists 
or the architectural features of a public 

Mr. O’Donnell, who visits Boston to assure 
himself that he is “ in touch ” with the 
worjeingmeu, shows great good sense in re- 
fusing the opportunity of “ making capital 
out of his position and taking to the stage; , 
although from a reporter’s description it j 
appears that he has natural histrionic ad- 
vantages, such as “ strongly marked featuies, . 
and a charming smile that flits constantly ( 
over his face.” 

The 250th anniversary of Gloucester may 
well be celebrated with rejoicing. Nor in 
summing up the history of the town should 
the bravery of the men and the women be 
forgotten, a bravery displayed not only occa- 
sionally, as in times of war, but daily in the 
pursuits of peace. The fishermen are they 
that go down to the sea in ships, that do 
business in great waters. Too often they 
snatch in vain the food for others from the 
jaws of death. The women endure patiently 
the strain of waiting and bear up heroically 
under suspense and certain loss. AA ithout 
doubt, because the tugs at their own heart- 
strings are so severe, their hearts go out so ■ 
generously toward the sufferers by fire and 
flood in other towns. 

American ships must not ouly sail under 

an American flag; they must be commanded 

by American officers. The officers of the 
City of New Vork and the City of Paris have 
therefore taken out the first papers to secure 
naturalization. Not that Captain Watkins 
loves England the less, but that he loves lus 
swift ship the more. And here is a modern 
instance of the old saw, that the dearest 
thing to a skipper is his vessel. 

The wildest fancy of the librettist of 
Italian blood is but a conventional tale to the 
story of passion that comes from Mereagliano. 
A girl plans to aid her lover in a duel, and 
fires simultaneously with him at his rival. 
She kills her lover, and the bullet of the 
rival strikes the girl. Or is there a more 
tragic scene in the works of modern Russian 
novelists than the tragedy at the ball at 
Moscow. It seems as though Nature yawned 
at the attempts of novelists and finally cried 
out in disgust “Come, now, I will set you a 
model for imitation.” 

The interesting address of the Rev. Mr. 
Mayo before the Y r oung Men’s Christian 
Union in Union Hall brings to the mind an 
undeservedly forgotten hook, Hopkins’s 
“The Youth of the Old Dominion.” The 
fearful struggles of the early Virginia col- 
onists, the avarice that led to crime, and the 
starvation that turned men into ghouls, are 
there graphically described, and tlie book is 
full of the evidences of long and painstaking 
research. The settlers of New England were 
not alone in their toil and privations. 

Baron Rothschild of Paris is said to be 
mad, and his insanity finds relief in break- 
ing statues. Such a species of acute mania 
might be of public benefit to our inhabitants 
■who cross the Common and the Public Gar- 
den, and by a twisting of the immigration 
law concerning skilled laborers, the Baron 
might be welcomed bere as an expert. 

When Dr. Sarah Stevenson of Chicago saw 
children arrested for bathing in the lake 
when tlie thermometer stood in the nineties 
and there was no relief, her soul was moved 
within her, not on account of tlie offence of 
the children against “ public morals,” but 
-with pitv for suffering humanity. AVitli the 
aid of tlie Mayor and a few intelligent and 
kind-hearted businessmen she secured the 
erection of bath houses, and procured towels, 
trunks and the other necessities of decent , 
bathing. In other words, the poor of Chi- j 
•ago are going to have baths free. Such 
iractieal and admirable philanthropy should 
je widely extended. 

The young man at the seaside or among 
the mountains may now take courage, and 
tlie summer girl may well consider her ways. 
Mr. Justice Law ranee, at a trial the other 
day in Chester, England, declared that “the 
scales of justice must he held equally be- 
tween man and woman,” and the twelve in a 
box granted £5i> damages to a young man 
whose feelings had been trifled with by a 
woman of independent means. 

Another instance of tho fact that all 
rations are not prepared by Nature for col- 
onization, is given by the failure of tlie 
flirsch colony in the Argentine Republic. 
The iand, it is said, was chosen without wis- 
-joiri, and the men and women, hud- 
dled’ together in tents, have been 
living there for months in idleness. 
Englishmen have met with similar disr j 
courageinents in the first days of settling, 
hut they have held fast with bull-dog 
tenacity, and now the wilderness blossoms as 
the rose. Eight hundred discouraged 
Hebrews have sailed lor Europe, and the 
scheme of Baron Hirsch seems frustrated on 
account of the shiftlessness of the recipients 
of his bounty. 

i t'U- </ 


In these days ghosts must be provided with 
credentials. Even in Virginia, where eacli 
family of importance is provided with an ap- 
parition that prowls about the plantation and 
mourns the departed days of patriarchal and 
ante-bellum grandeur, the genuineness of a 
phantom is now investigated. Men of scien- 
tific acquirements dispute the posthumous 
poetry of Lord Byron, who emerges from the 
recesses of a dark cabinet for the edification 
of the faithful ; and they view with suspicion 
the long line of deceased relatives who are 

I addicted to writing messages on slates, 
whether they were known in this world as 
“Uncle Amos’’ or as “Aunt Maria.” And 
yet these same ghosts may well shake their 
gaunt sides with laughter, for science admits 
frankly that there are mental experiences 
and phenomena that she cannot explain ; 
that Mrs. Piper, for instance, “ has shown | 
in her trances a knowledge of the personal 1 
! affairs of living and dead people which it is 
| impossible to suppose that she can have 
! gained in any ‘natural’ way.” 

Prof. 'William James has contributed to 
the August number of the Forum an interest- 
ing review of the proceedings of the Society 
for Psychical Research and the results ob- j 
tained by the investigations of the members. 
The purpose of the society is well known, 
first, “ to carry on systematic experimenta- 
tion with hypnotic subjects, mediums, clair- 
voyants and others and, secondly, “to col- 
lect evidence concerning apparitions, haunted 
houses and similar phenomena which are in- 
cidentally reported, but which, from their 
fugitive character, admit of no deliberate 
control.’’ Now Prof. James claims that “as 
a sort of weather bureau for accumulating 
reports of such meteoric phenomena as ap- 
paritions,’’ this society lias done an immense 
amount of work. But he admits that it has 
not fulfilled the hopes of the founders in the 
matter of experimentation. 

Members of the society were instrumental 
in exposing the fraudulent claims of certain 
mediums to be able to control physical phe- 
nomena, such as slate writing, furniture 
moving and so forth. And in like manner de- 
ception in “thought transference ’’ was de- 
tected. even when it had been agreed by keen 
investigators that the persons in question 
’had “ an inexplicable power of guessing names 
and objects thought of by others.” At the 
same time these experimenters came to the 
conclusion that the large percentage of cor- 1 

lect reproductions by the subjects of words, 
diagrams and sensations occupying other peo- 
ple s consciousness was entirely inexplicable 
as the resuit of chance; but it is a singular 
‘act that “since the first three years of the 
existence of the society no new subjects have 
turned up with whom extensive and syste- 
matic experiments could be carried on.’’ An 
explanation of the apparently strange cre- 
dulity of many sensible people shown at sit- 
tings and seances is the fact that the eye is 
deceived so easily by the quickness of the 
hand. Then, too, no one knows how far mind 
reading and hypnotism are exerted in creat- 
ing and keeping alive such popular delusions. 

Prof. James, who evidently has a partial 
belief in the supernatural, or in the exists 
once in each one of a “subliminal” self, 
which may make at any time irruption 
into our ordinary lives,” explains the disgust 
| awakened in the minds of many scientific men 
by the very words “psychical research” as 
due to the fact that the reports of phantasms 
are tedious reading ; the facts are separate, 
and seem to bear no relation to the rest of 
nature. On the other hand, he thinks that 
if Messrs. Helmholtz, Huxley, Pasteur and 
Edison were to simultaneously announce 
I themselves as converts to clairvoyance, 
thought transference and ghosts, “there 
would be a popular stampede in that direc- 
jtion; and Prof. James admits that sooner 
or later the cat must jump this way. The 
reasons for this belief are given at length, 
and they deserve the respectful attention of 
all who are interested in the subject. Nor is 
it likely that Prof. James will be disturbed 
by the protests of correspondents of the New 
York Tribune, who claim that such a jump 
would frighten women and little children, 
injure society and contradict an opinion once 
t expressed by Goethe. 

According to a report of the Board of 
Electrical Control, 62 telegraph poles and 
-.011,960 feet of overhead wires were removed 
from New York city; during the month of 
June. Foreign visitors who found in this 
.network and element of picturesqueness 
will perhaps mourn, while the citizens re- 
joice. If such disfigurement be picturesque, 
Boston can surely enter rival claims. 

It is the turn of waiters to object to the 
tip ’ system, for certain employers lower 
their wages when tippihg is the habit. As 
the total of the tips is a fluctuating sum, the 
, waiter naturally prefers fixed certainty to 
irregular generosity. The whole system is 
| wrong ; it harms the proprietor, tho waiter 
pmd the customer. 

The fact that $63,fl0o was made by the 
selling of ham sandwiches and mutton pies 
sxeitc • surprise in certain quarters. But if 
dally profits in such a business aro apparent- 
ly small they arc quick and sure. The 
vender carries no doubtful stock, as does his 
brother, the bookseller. Tho druggist may 
lose by speculation in quinine; but ham and 
bread are seldom fevorish or dull. Then tho 
assuranco of habit on the part of customers 
must be taken into consideration. A man 
contracts a tftste for sandwiches, and, when 
he once finds satisfaction, he never leaves the 
source of gratification. “I eat beans now, 
because I ate beans then” remarked the 
Boston man to Artomus Ward. He might 
Slave added “and at the same place.” 

Whether or no cholera lurks in the rags 
brought by the Galileo to our port, the au- 
thorities acted wisely in the matter. The 
shipper may have provided satisfactory affi- 
davits, mdde in good faith, to the effect that 
I each and every bale of the invoice is free 
from any possibility of infection, but lie is 
not omniscient, and there is no absolute 
knowledge in these things. It is not possi- 
ble to take too great precautions, in view of 
the fact that the disease is spreading fast in 
Bnropeau countries. 

Although, according to the astrologer, 
Mars may have encouraged the strikes, he 
1 seems to desert them in spirit as he recedes 
from the earth. The Building Trades strik- 
ers have made an unconditional surrender in 
New York city; the granite cutters of Ver- 
mont and Maine are restless, and, unless 
there is speedy aid, they will not stay out; 
and over 500 of the old men at the Duquesne 
steel works are now in their places. The 
speech of the Irishman at Duquesne is the 
whole matter in a nutshell: “The jig is up.” 
Meanwhile, who can calculate the loss to the 
whole business world by these vain conflicts? 
The loss in wages in New l’ork city alone is 
estimated at $ 1 , 200 , 000 . 

Prize-fighting, it seems, is not confined to 
professionals, and it serves to display the 
prowess of the gilded youth of this genera- 
tion. At the late affair at Ballston the pro- 
ceedings would in certain respects have won 
the approbation of the noblemen of England, 
who are the patron saints in the sporting 
calendar. There were seconds and a time- 
keeper; Mr. “Billy” Edwards, the well- 
known light-weight, vouchsafed to accept 
tile position of referee. Local pride may be 
gratified, for victory perched on the fists of 
the young gentleman who pursues his sports 
during the winter season at Harvard Uni- 
versity. At the same time there are laws 
concerning mills ” and the grinders at such 
mills recorded in the statutes of New York. 
Noi should the report that there was unfair 
interference after the second round be over- 
looked by the student of sociology. 

Ihieves grow bold in our streets and snatch 
at pocketbooks in broad daylight. Women 
give them provocation, and almost excuse ; 
for the sight of a stuffed wallet carried care- 
lessly in the hand is a temptation to even a 
poor lounger who has not served his appren- 
ticeship of crime. While women imitate in 
certain ways the dress and the manner of 
man, it is singular that they do not copy his 
accessible and useful pocket. For watches 
and pocketbooks were intended originally 
more for private service than for public dis- 

Mr. J. F. Forth, a maker of lace curtains, 
seems to be a man of horse-sense. When the 

I McKinley act was passed, he wa-; doing busi- 

I ness in Nottingham, England, and he found 
out that his profits were cut down and he 
could not afford to send shipments to this 
country. Instead of sulking in England and 
praying for a Democratic victory in “the 

j States,” he comes to America, starts his fac- 
tory in Wyandance, L. I., and proposes to 
give employment to several hundred people 
‘ who will receive American wages ” Mr 
Forth says that everything to his advantage 
is in this country, and that in time he will 
sell his lace in London. 

Aggressiveness and destroying false idols 
have been claimed by the realists as their 
own peculiar privilege. But the gentle apos- 
tles of the Ideal who write for “The Knight 
Errant,” the Boston quarterly devoted to the 
liberal arts, have armed themselves with 
hammers to smite “the Philistine,” although 
m this case as in others, the Philistine is 
simply a man who does not entertain 
the opinions of the writer. The key 
note is sounded by P ro f. Norton, 
who claims that “even the most enthusiastic 
assertors of American progress in the arts 
can hardly refuse to acknowledge that there 
has not been as yet in America a single 
painter, sculptor or architect who has created 
a great work of art.” Such tearing down 
without any apparent building anew is de- 
scribed by “The Knight Errant” as an at- 
tempt to light the lamp of a pure and lofty 
Ideal on the altar of truth.” 

A 11 lope(l that tho report of the 

dramatfeatlon of Hardy’s latest novel is not 
well-founded. It is a story for the closet, 
not for the stage. Tho grimness of the sltu- 
ttons, the irony of the descriptions, would bo 
dost | In the attempt to turn them Into dra- 
matic dialogue. Nor Is poor Toss, a character 
for nmme representation ; to put her in flesh 
and blood upon the stage would seem a dese- 
° r ** lo . n ,’ The very title of the novel would 
prejudice tho play. In this matter of titles 
the French are masters. How full of sug- 
lnstance > *s “The Road to 

hel)es ’ t he name of Dumas’ late st couiody. 

1 lie celebrated Madam Adam, who edits a 
magazino and is the creator of a salon in 
I aris, counts among the most curious and 
unexpected facts for mothers in Franco tho 
emancipation of French girls, caused by 
their intercourse with American visitors, 
the french girls, according to her 
may now be seen alone on horse’ 
back, at receptions where they are 

announced, and they even go in the street 
with an unmarried escort. This has been 
brought about, she thinks, by tho life at 
watering places, by croquet, by the difference 
in the literature allowed young girls It 
is a singular fact, that as ’ in 
Prance the young girl i s given 
greater liberty, here in America among 
the ultia-fasbionable, the reins are drawn 
more tightly. Even in country towns such 
scenes as were depicted by Mr. Howells in 
the opening chapters of “A Modern Instance ” 
are now of rarer occurrence. The city girl 
is accompanied by a maid when she goes 
shopping, or by a trusted friend; but she 
does not have the liberty enjoyed by the 
women of twenty years ago. 


y l ° ~ f ^ 


Our men and women have no national cos- 
tume. Prosaic or ajsthetical, they copy 
blindly the dress of England or Franco. The 
choice of the man is necessarily restricted, 
for, although he may envy secretly the gor- 
geous costumes of past ages, a high silk hat, 
spike-tailed coat, and baggy trousers must 
form the centre • of his personal ornamenta- 
tion. In Chicago, where Doud Sifico already 
lends color to the streets by appearing in his 
native costume of a loosely cut coat of a dark 
blue cloth, brilliantly embroidered, Turkish 
breeches “large enough to hold a bale of cot- 
ton,” boots of red material, trimmed with 
patent leather, a turban of high proportions, 
circled all about with gold lace and em- 
broidery, and with ornaments of gold peep- 
ing from every fold of his dress ; in the city 
of Chicago, where during the coming days 
of the World’s Columbian Exposition Ara- 
bians and Moors will vie with tlie representa- 
tives of the peasantry of Europe in richness 
or quaintness of attire, a meeting of the 
Illinois Merchants and Garment Designers’ 
Association was held lately. Much was 
expected of this meeting, but, alas, 

| tlie expression of opinion was confined to 
platitudes concerning the dignity of the pro- 
fession. It was admitted, for instance, that 
“tho profession of tailoring has been and Is 
looked upon as demeaning and unworthy tlie 
consideration of respect of young minds de- 
sirous of adopting a trade or calling and its 
members subjected to the petty, mean and 
bitter ridicule of many,” and it was resolved 
that the only remedy is the establishment of 
a national college of tailoring from which 
master tailors may graduate. According to 
1 Mr. H. Francis Scully, “who made an elo- 
quent plea for the elevation of the art,” “the 
enlightenment and artistic requirements of 
the iiBielmiULCfintuo' fleces&itaRL the intro- 
duction and production of a higher order of 
art in dress ; ” but he said not a word about 
the necessity of a national costume to cheer 
tlie eye and identify the patriotic wearer. 

Tlie modern newspaper, in addition to its 
legitimate functions, such as publishing news, 
guiding public opinion, combatting abuses, 
etc., lias lately usurped the duties of teach- 
er of science and etiquette, detectives. 
Judges and juries, and it gives naturally 
much space to the matter of dress. There 
are fashion plates, with notes and comments. 
The “society columns" by the introduction 
of full descriptions of costumes worn by well- 
known women at all hours of the day and 
night and under all possible conditions arc 
converted into object lessons for tlie in- 
struction of the reader. As this species of 
newspaper is a cheap encyclopedia of all 
tilings knowable and certain other things, 
there are full directions for pefsonal adorn- 
ment from crown to sole. Street gowns 
should be chosen with reference to the color 
of the hair, and for evening wear the gown 
should harmonize with the eyes. Black em- 
phasizes unduly the lines of elderly women. 
Incongruity in the color of a prayer book will 
ruin the effect of a carefully conceived cos- 
tume. i. e., will strike a discord in an otiior- 


wise harmonious «lross; the cover should, I 
therefore, be in accord with the lendins tone j 
of the garment, so that blue velvet or scarlet j 
morocco will not be a jarring note. A ! 
woman who is really intelligent should have 
her head shaved and wear a wig of exquisite 
coiffure. There are many paragraphs of 
Mich valuable advice, but there is not one 
word concerning the value of nationality in 
costume. Mrs. Parker at Chautauqua urzed 
the necessity of the study of individuality 
in dress, “the sensible way of putting brains 
into clothes ami there can be Individual- 
ly of cut and decoration even in garments 
tliat are at the same time peculiarly national. 

i'ven our shop girls that are obliged to 
wear black follow the example of their sis- 
ters at Bqrlin. Our men and women, how- 
ever well dressed they may be, are without 
national distinction. There was a time when 
the American man was known by a peculiar 
■combination of broadcloth, stovepipe hat 
and yellow duster; but the disappearance of 
tin- duster is complete, and w ith it vanished 
sure identification. Our hope of future dress 
is in the Illinois college, in sfiite of the seem- 
ing indifference of the Faculty. 

Many of the people of South Carolina are 
indignant because the Charleston News 
8nd Courier published the other day a record 
of homicides in the State— fifty-two in twenty- 
eight weeks— and they say that the publica- 
tion will discourage immigration. To this 
complaint the News and Courier replies 
sensibly: “The harm is not done by pub- 
lishing the record of our homicides. It is 
done by the homicides. W e have a bad name 
already and have earned it. It is too late to 
talk about ‘scaring off immigrants.' They 
have been avoiding us for years, and we 
have no doubt that the published reports of 
lawlessness in our State have been an effect- 
ive agent in turning them away.” In this 
connection it is gratifying to note that no 
ialse sentiment on the part of the jury pre- 
vented the punishment of Col. King of 
Memphis, Tenn., for the murder of Mr. 
Posten. It was the action of the Governor 
that spared his life and turned the just sen- 
tence of death i»to imprisonment. 

That sensitive women are inclined to look 
at hardened criminals with sentimental eyes 
is a long established and inexplicable fact. 
Flowers are sent to murderers ; delicate food 
is given to prison wardens for the benefit of 
the condemned ; and it was only the other 
day that a Western woman of good repute 
was eager to marry one of the Ruggles 
brothers. A singular instance of this mental 
■weakness or depravity is recorded in New 
York State. Perry, a desperate man who is 
notorious as a train robber, is now in Auburn 
prison. A womaD, pitying his lot, requested 
permission of the Warden to furnish the 
criminal with “a nice new mattress,” pur- 
chased with the proceeds of her Sunday 
School Missionary Fund. The Warden was 
amazed at this misapplication of “charity 
begins at home,” and replied that the State 
furnished all convicts with such necessaries 
as would tend to reform them. 

The itch for political preferment is con- 
tagious, not confined to men who have served 
their apprenticeship in the primary caucus. 
It will be remembered that Thackeray was 
tore when he stood for Parliament and was 
lefeated by the votes of learned men who 
i ad had no time to read “Vanity Fair.” Now 
t is reported that Mascagni, the composer of 
“Cavalleria Rusticana,” was a candidate for 
•lection to the Town Council of his city, and 
gave np his legitimate work for electioneer- 
ing. The people of Ltvamo, who love his 
music, voted that he should devote all his en- 
ergies to the writing of operas. It must not 
be forgotten, however, that Mascagni has an 
ingenious publisher, and the incidents of the 
daily life of the composer come quickly to us 
by cable. 

The bloody tragedy at Fall River is not 
without incidents that are fit for opera 
bouffe. The discovery and the abandonment 
of “clues," the suspicion under which all 
who knew the Bordens apparently fall, the after Portuguese and gypsies, the 
sudden apparition In the remembrance of a 
man with a singular and strange pallor and a 
oomblnation of black eyes and dark mous- 
tache— all these might be part and parcel of 
a libretto in mockery of the police of an ex- 
citable village in lower France. Meanwhile 
reputations are undoubtedly ruined or 
cruelly outraged by the mysterious shrugs 
and winks of baffled investigators. 

The presentation of a loving cup by the 
Troy Citizens’ Corps to the Ancient and Hon- | 
orable Artillery Company, is a graceful act, j 
that honors both the givers and the receivers. I 
.•inch courtesies not only promote friendship 
between military companies; they serve to 
establish the fact that .State lines are only for 
the convenience of geographers and sur- 

- < 


A grave question of etiquette is now under 
discussion, and it is this: How shall a 

gentleman salute his servants? In a lc- 
eent issue of The St. James Gazette there is 
a letter from “A Surhurban Bachelor,” con- 
taining inquiries as to tlio proper form of 
salutation between “ social superiors and in- 
feriors.” What is he to do when he meets in 
the street a female servant of his household ? 

The “Bachelor” claims that a bow is 

“clearly inappropriate;” he does not cross 

suddenly to the other side, or gaze abstract- i 
edly toward the zenith ; hut he seeks refuge 
“ iu smiling inanely at the girl.” Now, as a 
correspondent of the New \ork Iribune 
well says, the question of the Englishman is 
characteristic of his race. No man of Latin 
blood would hesitate for a moment in the en- 
■ counter: he would greet the servant by a re- 
moval of the hat. . . 

In America such problems of social eti- 
quette are still unsolved in spite of the in- 
cessant labors of Mr. McAllister and his de- 
voted followers. The relations that should 
exist between master and servant are defined 
only in the common law as changed by code 
and statute. In an annotated English 
edition of the first book of Artemus Ward, 
the editor found occasion to remark that 
“the term servant grates harshly on the 
American ear.” It is true that in New Eng- 
land thirty years ago, even in towns of im- 
portance, the “help” was often the equal of 
the one “helped,” and there are villages 
where this is true to-day. The daughter of 

a neighbor would assist for a “spell” m the 

housework; if work was slack on one farm, 
a young fellow would “hire out” under an 
adjoining farmer. 

The “ hired man ” was frequently a person 
of repute; he was called “Mister” by the 
children of the employer; if he drove the 
employer to his place of business, the drive 
was enlivened by talk of politics ; nor did the 
“ hired man ” refuse to vote against his em- 
ployer at town meeting, if he disagreed with 
his views. So. too, the female “ help ” was 
consulted by the woman whom she helped in 
all matters of economy, taste and social gos- 
sip But in this Arcadia no employer would 
have taken off his hat to a servant whom he 
met nor would the hired man have so recog- 
nized the presence of his mistress. This was 
! not from boorish indifference or the arro- 
gance that often is cloaked by humility. It 
tvas not the habit in street salutations to 
raise the hat as a tribute to woman in either 
high, equal or low position. When young 
men, who had visited the city for a time, re- 
turned, and tried to introduce the habit, they 
were regarded as popinjays, and were under 

We now live under a new dispensation, and 
yet, as a nation, our politeness is more in 
actual deed than in surface polish. Individ- 
I ually and collectively we bow awkwardly. 

The American hat sticks closely to the Amer- 
! ican head. It is removed, as an afterthought, 
when the object of its homage has already 
passed by. It takes no notice of the last 
drive of the dead. The American cocks las 
hat as he pleases, indoors and out, and thus 
follows the example of the man in “ Leaves 
of Grass.” 

Surely no one wishes to see here the cus- 
tom of bowing .with hared head to man. 
There may be 'clTses in which this reverence 
is permissible. The Bishop of the diocese 
might expect this politeness from liis parish- 
ioners; it might be allowed to the Governor, 
the President, or an aged and respected ex- 
pounder of the laws. But better the hat 
jammed defiantly over the eyes in the pres- 
ence of man than the exceptional courtesy 
that is influenced by obsequiousness and 
sycophancy. No American should hesitate, 
however, to bow most graciously to cook or 
maid in street or crowded horse car. She is no 
longer a “help,” it- is true; she is a woman of 
authority who knows her power. American 
shrewdness should recognize her claims not 
only in private and harassing domesticity 
but in the open air and iu the public meeting 

Games have their disappearance and their 
Tevival. We all remember when there were 
croquet clubs, croquet tournaments, and 

croquet pamphlets without number. Did 

not even the gallant Capt. Mayne Reid write 
an exhaustive treatise on the subject? And 
then It went out of fashion, liko unto 
a thing of dress. Yet a few faith- 
ful souls have kept the faith, undisturbed 
by the louder claims of laivn tennis; 
for it is reported that the National Croquet 
Association will shortly hold its annual tour- 
nament in Norwich, Conn. The reader of 
this statement is tempted to examine at once 
the date of his newspaper; but it is surely 
1892. A contemporary suggests that it will 
now be in order to organize national shinny, 
town-ball, mumblety-peg and bull-pen asso- 
ciations for public appearance in tourna- 

• - - = 

Is the House of Commons more dignified 
in its proceedings than our House of Repre- 
sentatives, or is there less talking for bun- 
combe m English debates? During the 
delivery of his speech Mr. Gladstone had 
occasional recourse to his customary stimu- 
lant, sherry flip. Is it possible to conceive of 
a member of the Opposition calling attention 
to the fact or insinuating that the venerable 
statesman was under the influence of alcohol? 
And yet there are members of Parliament 
that are total abstainers, to the verge of 
fanaticism, and Mr. Gladstone has bitter 


When civilization enters into what we are 
pleased to call a barbaric country, paradoxes 
spring up on every side. Here is a singular 
instance in the French colony of Tonquin. 
Before the arrival of the French, pirates 
when caught were decapitated. The execu- 
tioner used a large sword in a 
bungling manner, and the unpleasant 
operation checked the piratical ardor 
of the surviving members of the 
fraternity. It was thought that the in- 
troduction of the guillotine would aggravate 
the horror of death. On the contrary, the 
natives of Tonquin are said to be delighted 
■with the smooth working of the machine, 
and it is anticipated that there will be re- 
newed activity in piratical circles, for death 
is now without its terrors. 

In the discussion concerning tne em- 
bellishment of the Public Library Building 
and the consequent expense, it should not be 
forgotten that the chief object of such a 
building is the safe and convenient accomo- 
dation of the contents. The books them- 
selves are ornaments of great value. Their 
display is the first necessity. Retrenchment 
may affect the exterior of the building; it 
should not hamper the librarian or the public. 

The interesting address of Mr. Dimmick, 
the Master of the Wells School, at the Old 
South, on “Marco Polo and His Book,” 
brings to mind the great change in opinion 
concerning the veracity of the Venetian 
traveler. For years he disputed with 
Herodotus the first position among writers of 
unbridled imagination ; but the whirligig of 
time brings in its revenges, and many of 
their wild tales are now known to be sober 
realism. Polo has suffered at the hands of 
translators, and he who wishes to know the 
book of the brave and shrewd adventurer 
should read it in the edition prepared by 

Col. Yule. 

The condemnation of the action of Gov. 
Buchanan in the King matter speaks well for 
the sentiment of the people of Tennessee. 
Mr. Poston, the brother of the murdered 
man, did not exaggerate when he said that 
“ license had now been given to every man to 
buckle on his six-shooter and go to killing his 
enemies with the assurance that he would 
be hanged for it.” But it would 
a pity if this righteous indignation 
•W#re to take visible form in mob 
violence, and it is to be hoped that the citi- 
zens of Memphis will preserve their dignity. 
Burning a Governor in effigy does not restore 
public confidence in the wisdom of the ex- 
ecutive office. The most pathetic feature of 
the affair, and an instance of the forgiving 
love of woman, is the fact that the commuta- 
tion of the sentence was due largely to the 
entreaty of the wife of the murderer, 
although she had been treated cruelly and 
forsaken by her husband. 

Now that Lizzie Borden has been arrested 
and is in the hands of the law, it is to be 
hoped that the newspapers which have been 
pursuing her with almost personal spite will 
allow her to be tried by Judge and jury. 
The reporter who invents a theory and plays 
at detective necessarily shapes all to meet his 
end; but public opinion should not be 
twisted for his advantage. In the eyes of the 
law Miss Borden is innocent until the jury 
brings a verdict against her. That she has 
already been condemned by irresponsible 
writers is a grave reproach to the decency 
and a stumbling block to the authority of the 

Mr. Gladstone may now be content, for al- 
though the path to ultimate success is full of 
briars and stony places, although his QueenJ 
sends for him undoubtedly “with inostex-| 
treme disgust,” he has forced the question of 
home rule for Ireland on the attention of 
the people of England, and they have declared 
in his favor. The cheers that greeted him inj 
the House of Commons after the division 
fatal to the Salisbury ministry arc sweeter 
to him than elevation to the Peerage, and 
the forgetfulness that would fall to the lot 
of “Lord Liverpool.” Not without great 
reason did the aged statesman say the other 
day that the only inscription on his tomb- 
stone should be “ William Ewart Gladstone.” 

The Knights Templars will hold their next 
triennial conclave, 1895, in Boston, in spite 
of the earnest efforts of the Knights of 
Cincinnati. The peculiar advantages of our 
city for gatherings of this nature are now 
fully recognized throughout the land, and in 
paving us a compliment the Knights have 
acted also for their own pleasure. They will 
be warmly welcomed, and the noted hospi- 
tality of the city will be a corroboration of 
the wisdom of their choice. 

The people of West Roxburv may well be 
uneasy, for the rcoord of 20 incendiary fires 
In 18 months, without an arrest, is enough to 
shake the security of the night and excite 
doubt concerning official vigilance. The in- 
cendiaries are impartial in their work, and 
the fires do not seem the work of personal 
spite. A barn that blazes is the favorite 
choice ; and the “fire-bugs,” or pyromaniacs, 
are actuated apparently by wanton mischief, 
the desire of gratifying their eyes. 

The effort of the Germans of the West to 
keep their language in the public schools 
side by side with English is due to the belief, 
shared with them by many of their country- 
men abroad, that it will be ultimately the 
universal tongue. This species of patriotic 
arrogance is not confined to the Germans. 
The sailor in Marryat’s “Poor Jack” 
was sure that tire French would 
never be seamen until they learned English, 
"for their lingo is too noisy to carry on 
duty.” James Howell quotes a Spanish doc- 
tor who had a fancy that Spanish, Italian 
and French were the only languages spoken 
in the Garden of Eden; the Tempter per- 
suaded in Italian, Adam begged pardon in 
French, but the sentence of perpetual exile 
was pronounced in Spanish. 

It is said tiiat the American Library As- 
sociation Council, of which Messrs. Whitney 
and Cutter of this city are members, will be 
among American librarians what the French 
Academy is among French scholars, but 
such a comparison is worthy of the in- 
dignation of Mrs. Malaprop. The 
French Academy is a unique institution, 
that has made for literary righteousness in 
France; and Matthew Arnold once went so 
far as to openly envy his literary neighbors 
their advantage. At the same time there are 
French critics who think that in the effort to 
polish, the Academicians have discouraged 
strength and choked originality; but these 
critics have not as yet been admitted to the 
“ Immortals.” 

The Russians boast that Vladivostock, the 
coast terminus of the Siberian Railway, will 
be a mighty town, one of the first maritime 
and commercial cities of the world, the pride 
of the Pacific coast. But a city does 
not become great suddenly, by the com- 
mand of a Czar; nor does the build- 
ing of docks and walls insure a thriv- 
i»g trade and swelling population. 
There are caprices in business ; there are 
freaks in the fortunes of towns. Years ago 
a Czar drew a straight line between two of 
his cities and ordered a railway; the railway 
was so constructed; but instead of its now 
passing through populous towns, as it was 
anticipated, miles of sterility lie on either 

This is an age of hasty generalizations, and 
statistics are used in the support of wild 
theories. Here is a case in point. It is said 
that of all so-called civilized countries Russia 
has the largest number of women criminals, 
especially of the upper class. These Russian 
women are addicted to the intemperate 
use of tea and cigarettes; there- 
fore the crimes are due directly 
to these stimulants. But this 
theorist forgets the fact that a great number 
of these criminals are imprisoned purely for 
political reasons; they are under suspicion of 
Nihilism. And it must not be forgotten that 
the cigarettes used by Russian women 
are of the mildest description, probably not 
so injurious as the sweet-fern that is so dear 
to country children. 

The invention of a clock with a phono- 
graph attachment, the dial of whicii repre- 
sents a human face, from the mouth of which 
announcements of the hours are made, 
is a direct infringement of Friar 
Bacon’s patent. He, it will he re- 
membered, constructed an android that 
made remarks at regular intervals concern- 
ing time. It is also claimed by some that the 
telephone was not unknown to him, although 
it is the fashion to charge all modern inven- 
tions to the ancient wisdom of the Chinese. 

The leader of the Cow Boy Band, which 
at present ‘causing a sensation ” in Denvi 
is evident y a disciple of the new roman! 
schoo , and a close follower in the footste 
of distinguished conductors of the Ea^t I 
carries a Winchester rifle, and his commam 
are given by the crack of the deadly weapo 
It is commonly reported that his' men pit 
with unerring precision, for they know 11 
inevitable result of a false note or a failu 
respond to the beat. 

The Californians have attained such a I 
pitch of cultivation that the Yosemito Valley ! 
now seems to them unsatisfactory. It is not 
"spectacular,” and the commissioners pro- 
pose to remedy nature by the introduction of 
tho electric light. The dynamos will be run 
by the power of the waterfalls. 

a sirrEjtr/iJocs heixo. 

There seems to be a preconcerted and 
simultaneous movement on tho part of many 
uneasy women in Europe and America to 
dispense with man. Not that they would 
drivo him off the earth ; but he is no longer 
regarded by them as a necessary part of the 
machinery of the world. The idea that he is 
lord of creation was exploded long ago. It 
is true that there are women who are not 
averse to marriage, and, therefore, there may 
be excuso for man’s existence. Otherwise in 
the evolution of tho race he would be 
merely a superfluous and singular portion 
of the new organism that might be allowed 
to remain or might be extirpated without 
serious result, like the spleen in the human 

There is a new school of female thinkers, 
of whom Miss Beatrice Potter of London is 
an illustrious example. They teach a new 
doctrine, one not wholly disconnected with 
Ibsenism. “Marriage is all very well, if it 
does not interfere with work; but marriage 
as a profession is obsolete. Her own de- 
velopment is the principal thing that woman 
has to compass.” And so we find women en- 
gaged in the trades and callings that were for 
along time thought peculiar to man. There 
are female clergymen, doctors, lawyers, con- 
fidential clerks; women control great busi- 
ness enterprises; they are known in the 
haunts of brokers ; they collect fares in horse 
cars ; they play in orchestras ; and in a West- 
ern town there is a female successor to Eliiiu 
Burritt. They sound each tone of the gamut 
of journalism. And it is claimed that in a 
few years women will handle iron with a 
greater dexterity than is now shown by 
strong men in the mills. Their knowledge of 
their power lias led women to look down on 
: the other sex, and the man hater is now more 
common than is the man eater of the Oriental 
jungle. A female journalist expresses this 
sentiment in the following pleasing words: 
“Men and the ways and the habits of men 
are uncongenial to women. Strength greater 
than their own repels them, manners dif- 
ferent from theirs, habits that they cannot 
share, appal and disgust them.’’ 

In former days, when the annex was un- 
known, a girl was educated by her mother, 
friends and the subtle influences of her sur- 
roundings for matrimony. The young man 
whom she met in drawing room or at a ball 
was to her a possible husband. The mother 
was an anxious and loving establisher of 
households for two and often three genera- 
tions. The novels of England until a recent 
date were full of billing and cooing and woo- 
ing. From Fielding to Trollope, from Rich- 
ardson to Thackeray, all novelists agreed that 
girls and boys were created chiefly for mar- 
riage. The end of the mother’s duties was 
synchronous witli the conclusion of the story, 
and the curtain was rung down to the peal of ! 
wedding bells. 

But the higher education of women lias 
changed all that. Man is no longer an object 
of adoration. Take the ease of Miss Beatrice 
Potter, for example. She apparently has no 
time to investigate the merits of man, even if 
she has suspicions concerning the justice of 
the sentence pronounced against him. She 
is an economist. She waxes enthusiastic at 
the sight of statistics. She is a contributor 
to the Nineteenth Century and a writer of a 
book on the co-operative movement. She is 
a rent collector in the East End. She is an 
active Socialist. In her leisure moments she 
studies philosophy with avidity. Nor is she 
a great exception in her habits. The female 
heart of to-day is, first of all, an anatomical 
organ ; its palpitations come from anything 
but the sudden presence of a man. Blushes ' 
are now due to ignorance alone. Smiles and 
tears are only provoked by scholastic success 
or failure. And it is left for a French woman, 
Madam Adam, to regard home as the true 
dominion of the female ruler and domestic 
occupations most worthy of her intelligence. 

Man might well be disturbed if he took 
feminine opinions, protests, defiances ancl 
denunciations as wholly serious. He re- 
members the judicious conduct of Brer’ 
Rabbit in time of danger. The actions of 
these modern Amazons belie curiously their 
words. Take again the case of Miss Potter. 
She was married this month to Mr. Sidney 
Webb, L. C. C. (of the Fabian Society). 

The caprices of death-dealing lightning I 
were seen during the grent storm that swept 
from Buzzard’s Bay to Salem. The boy in 
the tower was spared ; the woman in the cel- | 
larwas killed; and yet the bolt struck the 
tower. Old traditions were thus set at 
nought, for safety was supposed to dwell in 
cellars. M'eusethe lightning for our petty 
purposes, but we know as yet but little of 
Its nature. And at times, as though out- 
raged by being compelled to do man’s service, 
it rebels and shows its giant strength. 

1 iie friends of Mr. Cleveland realize that 
pen and ink and a copy of “The Complete 
Letter Writer,’’ are dangerous articles of 
library furniture. Job regretted that his 
enemy had not written a book ; if lie had en- 
joyed our civilzation lie would have begged 
only for a letter. Mr. Cleveland should med- 
itate on the practice of that wily politician, 
Martin Van Buren, who once said that he ! 
would rather walk ten miles to see a man 
than stay at home and write to him. 

Prison bars and bolted doors do not dis- 
courage the modern reporter. The Sheriff 
welcomes him, the Warden greets him with 
a smile. He is on agreeable terms with the 
matron, who, as a rule, is “a motherly look- 
ing lady.” The world is enabled by his in- 
vestigations to lead the life of the prisoner 
from day to day, and thus it knows that Miss 
Borden will have biscuit and coffee, tea and 
bread, and corned beef, boiled and hashed. 
The privacy of the dungeon is mocked; and 
the fierce light of journalism turns darkness 
into day. 

It is not likely that Harvard University, 
with its traditions, with its motto “ veritas,” 
with its keen spirit of investigation, and its 
knowledge of the value of elimination will 
become a sectarian institution. Certain Uni- 
tarians see in recent attempts to “ convert ” 
their children a deep-laid “jesuitical” plot, 
that among its ramifications includes a 
scheme to gain control of Harvard. But in 
the meantime why do not the Unitarians 
swell their number and increase the potency 
of their leaven by making counter assaults 
on the Episcopalian flock ? 

The founders of L ale would surely rub 
their eyes in wonder if they only knew of 
the psychological ambition of Prof. Scrip- 
ture. He proposes to test the mental states 
of fatigue, whether it be superinduced by 
over study or by intense application to the 
doctrine of chances as governing athletic 
contests. He has also rigged a singular in- 
strument for examining the sense of temper- 
ature, as the surface of the human body has 
separate hot and cold spots. A temperature 
map thus prepared will be of interest to any 
one who, in the dialect of New England, 
feels “all streaky,” 

It is not surprising that the American con- 
suls in foreign lands view the proposed re- 
duction in their salaries with dismay. They 
are not at present too well paid, and they are 
not on an equal footing pecuniarily with 
their co-mates from other countries. The re- 
duction would afflict with special grief the 
consuls who, from inability to speak the lan- 
guage of the people with whom they are sup- 
posed to do business, are obliged to hire a 
foreign assistant. 

Pope Leo is evidently much interested in 
the success of the World’s Fair. Nor does 
he wish the Roman Catholic Church to he 
misrepresented in the exhibition of her edu- 
cational methods. It is fortunate for the 
Church and for the Fair that this educational 
exhibit is under the supervision of such an 
able man and broad-minded American as 
Bishop Spaulding of Peoria. 

The recent death of William A. Stephens 
of Philadelphia did not attract particular at- 
tention, and yet, as the editor of Vanity Fair, 
he was well-known from 1859 to ’61-2. It was 
an admirable paper in many ways, and it 
even excited the admiration of the Atlantic 
Monthly of that day; but the Civil War 
killed it. Its contributors were men who are 
still remembered. “Artemus Ward,” Geo. 
Arnold, Charles Dawson Shanley, and Mul- 
len, the artist of rare fancy, have joined the 
majority; but Aldrich and Winter] Stedman 
and Leland now give pleasure to a genera- 
tion that knows not their earlier work. 

American theatre-goers who have suffered 
both in London and in Paris from the fee 
nuisance will sympathize heartily with Mr. 
H. A. Jones, the playwright, in his crusade. 
Unfortunately, as Lord Chief Justice 
Coleridge happily expressed it. the system 
was embodied in concrete form, and the 
spirit enshrined in the body of a particular 
middle-man. Freeing one’s temper by letter 
is apt to be an expensive luxury, and Mr. 
Jones was obliged to pay £60 and costs for 
the publication of his indignant rhetoric. 

Col. H. Olay King is not sat. sued. 

He demands more than the use of Ins life. 
Wholesome rules and regulations seem to 
him personal indignities. He Inghl 
offended, for instance, when the Wanlen of 
the Tennessee Penitentiary would not give 
him whisky to drink, although he has been 
accustomed to it from his youth up. He 
agreed with his wife in protesting against 
no e il clothing as an unwarrantable reflec- 
tion ou the high position of ^ 

Whether he objected to the compulsory bath 
H not known ; possibly this sanitary regula- 
Uon is not enforced in Southern prisons. 
Meanwhile the popular feeling in Tennessee 
against the action of the Governor still raw. 
in spite of the knowledge of petitions of 
“thousands of the best citizens of the 

It would be of interest to find out the 
opinion of the medical faculty at large con- 
cerning the heroic treatment to which victims 
of sun-stroke are subjected in the hospitals 
of Philadelphia. The patient is plunged into 
ice-cold water. One of the sufferers died 
the other day of pneumonia and eight 
are now sick with it. At the 
same time it must be stated 
that 67 out of 86 patients were discharged 
from the hospital as cured. The curious 
feature of the remedy is this: That ac- 
cording to a resident physician, "People who 
are easily overcome by the heat are also sub- 
ject to congestion of the lungs. 1 his violent 
immersion may well be questioned, if there 
.ie truth in this medical opinion. 


A table of American millionaires was lately 
published in a prominent newspaper. It 
contains the names, residences and occupa- 
tions of about 4000 people whose fortunes are 
above the million-dollar mark. It appears 
from this list that many of the millionaires 
inherited their money and are by trade gen- 
tlemen of leisure. Our English brethren 
mi-lit point to this table as a proof of an 
alleged national failing: the snobbery of 
riches. For snobbery is not confined to ag- 
gressive self-satisfaction or pride in a long 
line of ancestors. Of all kinds and conditions 
of snobbery that were catalogued by Thack- 
eray, the snobbery of riches is unquestion- 
ably the meanest variety. The publication 
of a list of American millionaires is a sop to 
the appetite of the snob; but it is not alone 
for this reason that the publication is re- 
gretted by the judicious. 

Mr. Mallock,.who is nothing if not para- 
doxical. eulogizes •‘smartness.” ‘‘Smart- 
ness,’’ he says, “whatever people may say to 

I the contrary, requires personal qualities of ! 
by no means a common order. Mere wealth 
is not enough. There must be the knowledge 
of liow to use it. * * * Smartness, in fact, 
represents the perfection of superficial liv- 
ing, and it has a natural, one may, indeed, 
say a legitimate, influence over persons of a 
certain temperament in all ranks.” 

Unfortunately in this country the use of 
the word “smart” as applied to a rich man 
does not include the knowledge implied in 
Mr. Mallock’s definition. We have not gone 
beyond the primary meaning, the adjective 
applied first to that which smarts and sec- 
ondarily to that which causes smarting. 

We are inclined to estimate our men by the 
price they bring in the public market. The 
millionaire must be a smart man to have 
gained his fortune, if he started at tho 
-cratch : to keep it, if he receives the fruit of 
his father’s labor. Tho lawyer who aids in 
wrecking a railway or booming real estate 
is smart in the eyes of many ; he that con- 
fines himself to his legitimate business is a 
plodder; just as the speculator, whether he 
makes bread dearer to the poor or ruins 
humble stockholders, is considered smart 
nntil he fails. The standard of success is 
the amount of the pile gained in the under- 
taking. How often is the advice, “I would 
not do it, for there is no money in it,” given 
to a young man who meditates a serious 
undertaking that would benefit his fellows 
and his own character. This constant cry of 
“smartness" incites the greedy to specula- 
tion ; it kills the modest enjoyment of daily 
life; It is a foe to matrimony and the happi- 
ness of the household; it too often summons 
paresis or disgrace. As a nation we are af- 
flicted with diseased or exhausted nerves, the 
consequence of mad haste In money-getting; 
our consolation is that foreign nations call 
ns “ smart.” 

It Is not necessary to examine here the 
question of whether a Government under 
which men of vast wealth exeit a mighty in- 
fluence and compel the adoration of the un- 
thinking is not a plutocracy rather than a 
democracy. Nor docs it follow that because 
a man is rich he Is necessarily unscrupulous 
or profligate. To be sure, the wisdom of the 
ancients frowned on the rich. “ A very rich 
man can hardly be a very good man ” Is an 
appropriate page heading of Prof. Jow- 
ett which sums up Plato’s opinion : 

“And good in a high decree 
and rich in a high degree at the same time 
he cannot be.” The books of olden time are 
full of such utterances. 13ut there are Aroer- 
can millionaires who have acquired their 
money honestly and by their own industrj, 
and who make good use of their temporary 
treasure. On the other hand there are hun- 
dreds who through the mistaken kindness of 
inheritance are drones in the human hive or 
minister wantonly to their own selfish pleas- 
ures. A young man who lives already in 
the hot atmosphere of speculation by reading 
the list of these applauded rich men may lose I 
easily discrimination aud confound good j 
with evil. V 

'J'H 1'. V Al.l r. OF JOlltSALS. 

The publication of the notes and the recol- 
lections of Sir Richard Wallace under the 
title of “An Englishman in Paris” has ex- 
cited more than ordinary interest. 1 he son 
of the Marquis of Hertford, who was the 
original of Thackeray’s “ Lord Steyne,” had 
peculiar opportunities for seeing. He also 
knew the valuo of discrimination in the 
judgment of men and things. He was a 
keen and kiudly critic of human nature, and 
he was a graceful teller of stories. No wonder, 
then, that his reminiscences of Dumas and 
Sue, De Musset and George Sand, the Citizen 
King and Louis Napoleon and other cele- 
brated men and women are now read with 

It is true that Sir Richard was fortunate in 
the people whom he met; yet it is not un- 
likely that if he had remembered the speech 
and the habits of human beings of lesser 
fame, his chronicles would have still enter- 
tained, so great is the charm of his narration, 
and so insatiable is the curiosity of man. 

The reader of Pepys’s diary often skips pas- 

sages relating to grave historical personages 
to read of the adventures of the wife, that 
“poor wretch” with whom Pepys quarreled. 

The knowledge of the stuff and the pattern 
of her gown is of as great a value as the 
description of a court function, bo, oo, 
the memoirs of that precious rogue, Cellin , 
the tricks of the vagabonds and the roisterers 
stand side by side with the schemes of 
Cardinals and Envoys. We read eager y 
of the manners and customs^ of pas 
ages. We are not indifferent to 
the hours of meals, the table furniture, the 
styles in dress, the amusements, the supersu 
tions of those of former days. Harrison s 
I England is, therefore, more highly esteemed 
i by the judicious than is the work of Hume, 
i and the memoirs and the journals of gossips, 
j male and female, outweigh bulky collections 
of State papers. „ . „ 

The journal is of singular importance to 
the historian. He can find his dates and offi- 
cial documents by patient research, but to 
present in flesh and blood the figures o 
past is a more trying task. A careless a u- 
sion in a diary intended for private pleasur 
or written with one eye on posterity may re- 
create tho forgotten appearance of the man 
whose speeches or actions were carer j 
preserved. Tho details of daily and common 
life thus assume great proportions. 

We suffer in this country by want of suen 
documents. Here and there is a hook like 
the Diary of Philip Hone; but we know 
more of the manners and the thought of the 
French for three and four centuries than ol 
the customs of our own forerunners. I e 
history of the development of any one of ti e 
arts in America is the more difficult to a 
writer on account of the abscnceof testimony 
of men who saw the origin and the growth. 
Take the history of music here in Boston. 
There arc a few books in which there are 
stray references ; there is a history of the 
Handel and Haydn Society; and the future 
historian must consult these few works and 
the newspaper files. Now suppose that 
a man living among us, honored 
by musicians and laymen, told in his own in- 
cisive yet picturesque style the story of his 
musical adventures from the time of his im- 
migration unto the present day ; not with the 
express view of making history, but as Tail - 
incut or Do Goncourt. He might describe 
Boston as it was when the people first heard 
his violin ; the musical habits and tho taste , 

the character of the associates who worked 

with him in the cultivation of the art. 1 hat 
sucli an oratorio was sung in a certain year 
is a matter of fact that may be more or less 
valuable. It would be a greater pleasure to 
become acquainted with the men and the 
women who were on the stage the evening o 
that performance. 

If a student of medheval superstitions 
were to read in the book of a German anti- 
quarian that once upon a time a murdered 
man sent a spiritual communication to an 
unknown woman in which he gave the de- 
tails of his death and the description of the 
assassin, aud that thereupon the authorities 
of the town endeavored to trace the foot- 
steps of the alleged murderer, would he not 
wonder at the credulity of that day? And 
yet an instance that is parallel to this hy- 
pothesis is recorded in the newspapers of 
this morning, and the town is Fall River. 

The pride of Boston in one of its most 
noted institutions has received a fatal wound. 

Mr. John Stetson, who is an authority, ad- 
mits that in Paris this summer he ate a 
broiled live lobster that excelled anything of 
the kind he ha d ever before tasted. 

It appears that the royal disquietude of 
Viotoria is not entirely due to the personal 
triumph of a “ Radical ” or to the fear of 
Imperial dismemberment. She dreads the 
necessary changes in the royal household, 
for the Whig families of aristocratic rank 
are few among the supporters of Gladstone. 

The Mistress of the Robes and the Ladies of 
the Bedchamber are likely to be women 
hitherto unknown to her. This is a matter 
that unfortunately was overlooked in the 
late election, and it is surprising that Salis- 
bury and Mr. “Joe” Chamberlain did not 
press it home to the voters. 

Zola in one of his novels described a well- 
to-do father dividing his property before his 
death among his children, who at first quar- 
reled, in supporting him, over the question 
of whether he should be allowed sugar in his 
coffee, and finally abandoned him, so that he 
died wretchedly. This description was cen- 
sured at the time of publication as brutal and 
impossible. Yet a man 99 years old has just 
be°n committed to a poorhouse in New York 
State because one of his sons will not take 
care of him. He has 12 children living and 
they are in comfortable circumstances. 

The Emperor William, whether he is defy- 
ing Bismarck, sounding the bugle of war, or 
watching yachts sail by him, is always a 
picturesque figure and an unfailing delight 
to, tho student of sociology. He now proposes 
to take his son, the Crown Prince, a-journey- 
ing that the boy may he better fitted for 
his imperial responsibilities. His first trip 
will be to the North Cape, for, as William re- 
marked to Queen Victoria, “ Communing 
with the magnificent scenery of Norway and 
association with the rugged natives would 
broaden his mind and arouse his deeper feel- 
ings.” The Emperor is unacquainted, ap- 
parently, with Ruskin’s opinions on the in- 
fluence of savage scenery on man. 

Many will remember, when they read of 
the revival of “The Black Crook,” the in- 
dignant protests and fierce denunciations 
provoked by its first production. To the 
eyes of to-day it seems a harmless spectacle. 
Were we then too prudish, or are we now too 
careless? For surely, in comparison with 
theatrical exhibitions that succeeded it and 
now are seen, the adventures of Hertzog and 
Rudolphe seem meat for babes. 

We have much sympathy for the prisoners 
in Siberian mines, and we wax indignant 
over the conduct of the Russian Govern- 
ment; but we forget that in many of the 
Southern States of our own country there is 
a system by which convicts are sold in gangs 
to labor. The cruelties of this system have 
been exposed by Northern philanthropists 
and fair-minded Southerners. The system, 
however, prevails, and the recent incen- 
diarism and murder at Tracy City are but 
trifling incidents in the history of cruel 
barbarism in a C hristian land. 

Nesbitt may have stabbed himself to ex- 
cite symyathy or he may have been assaulted 
cruelly ; he at least has fired the imagination 
of a reporter. A morning contemporary re- 
marks as follows: “The blinds of the 

house of John Cahill were drawn yes- 
terday, and nothing would tend to show 
that such a noted character as Nesbitt 
was lying in bed on the top floor.” How 
pray would the precise presence of Nesbitt 
he indicated by means of inanimate objects? 
By open blinds, or by a peculiar arrangement 
of the curtain? And if Nesbitt were not “a 
noted character,” w ould the blinds have been 
more communicative ? 

Lord Dvsart is not satisfied with his posi- 
tion as chief cook and bottle washer of the 
English Wagneriads ; he is notv prominent 
as an apostle of dress reform. He argues, 
and he argues sensibly, that when he has 
paid for his seat at the opera, he has the 
right to appear there in any decent and 
reasonable dress; that he should not be 
compelled to don a swallow-tail coat and 
white cravat. The idea that an operatic per- 
formance is a function that demands the 
dress of ceremony is dear to all who look 
upon tho opera merely as a fashionable 
amusement of “tho upper class.” And it 
was for this reason without doubt that Ha/.- 
litt was moved to w’rite his famous diatrflje. 

It is said that the Dori foiled inn of paint- 
ings will ho brought in .ts entirety to New 
York, and already are these pictures praised 
extravagantly in advan®. No one denies 
the rare imagination and the skill in black 
and white of Doth, who was In his private 
life a most amiable and industrious man. 
But he had ono burning ambition, 
and that was to bo known as 
a great painter. In Paris his claims were de- 
nied, although a small picture by him hangs 
in the Luxembourg. As he thought justice 
was denied him in his native country, he 
went to London, and the gigantic pictures 
painted there excited the wonder of the pop- 
ulace; but even in England, the home of 
mediocrity in art, ho was not esteemed as a 
painter by the more judicious. 

The attention of Mr. Howells is respect- 
fully called to an incident in American life 
that shows the great advance in country 
manners since his study of them, as revealed 
in “A Modern Instance.” A young man of 
Abseeon took a handsome young woman of 
the same place '‘out buggy riding,” and, in 
the course of conversation, put his 
arm around her, meanwhile driving skillfully 
with one hand. The young lady, unlike the 
heroine of Mr. Howells, protested vehe- 
mently, and the young man was brought be- 
fore the magistrate, who placed him under 
bonds to keep the peace. It is gratifying to 
learn that ‘‘there was a good deal of sym- 
pathy” for the offender. f 

/ £ 


The writer of an article that appeared in a 
late number of the London Author has sud- 
denly found himself notorious on ac- 
count of his savage attack on women en- 
gaged in journalism. And yet perhaps 
“himself ” is a sexual error, for the spite dis- 
played is feminine in its intensity. Let us 
be courteous, however, and assume that the 
author is a man. He frames his indictment 
with considerable ingenuity, for lie mixes 
together facts and theories, suspicions and 
confirmations, until his argument seems 
stroug. Indeed, he grows indignant at the 
thought of women earning money by writing 

for the newspapers, and ho delivers himself 
with Johnsonian dignity. “Those, however, 
who prize that vigor and virility of sentiment 
and writing which characterize the best mas- 
culine pens; who ueplore the personalities, 
gossip and feminine tone which find so prom- 
inent a place in many of the papers; who 
value style, and scholarship, .and humor, all 
i of which stand a chance of being neglected, 
if not lost, will see reason for regret that so 
much of the literature of the day is written 
by women.” 

In other words, this writer objects to the 
vulgar gossip and “the personalities about 
the conversation, mode of life and move- 
ments of persons who are in no sense of the 
word ‘public,’ * * * and whose fastness, 
or money alone, makes them the object of 
this rubbishing tittle-tattle.” According to 
him “(with the exception of a few individual 
women who have made their literary reputa- 
tion elsewhere) the better sort of newspaper 
work, which includes leader writing, review- 
ing and miscellaneous literary articles, is not 
in the hands of women at all, whose main 
business is concerned with paragraphs and 
articles about social functions, the shops, 
fashions, cookery, home decoration and re- 
ports of lectures, meetings, weddings and 
so forth.” 

It is true that there are women who make 
a trade of retailing or inventing gossip for 
the use of newspapers. Some work in secret. 
They go to receptions, they make many calls, 
they are seen in public places, and no one 
suspects that they are hunting material for 
copy. Others acknowledge frankly their 
calling. They ask personal questions with 
note book in hand. They cover impudence 
with a laugh and the remark: “You know 

I must get my living.” Death is no more 
sacred to them than marriage or bankruptcy. 
They are impervious to hints. Their 
skin is thicker than the proverbial 
shell of the tortoise, which was at last 
pierced by contempt. And doors often fly 
open to them, although the inmates of the 
hohses would have them shut, for they know 
that the visitors carry the keys of publicity. 
An insult, i. e., a refusal to answer an impu- 
dent question or supply superfluous informa- 
tion, is speedily avenged. The insulter is [ 
stabbed in a “society column.” 

Again, such a feminine Paul Pry is an en- 
emy to literature and the arts of painting [ 
and music. Music, for instance, is regarded j 
by these reporters as a social function; and 
[ in flattering notices of singers or players the 
i female reporter bows to the ukase of the 
tyrannical patroness. Personal predilection 

I may govern the pen. A tender smile or a 
subtle compliment addressed to the reporter 
is of more value than an artistic performance 
in gaining newspaper notoriety. The re- 

i porter of this ciasiTis not dismayed by the 
fact that she hns never learned the rudiments 
of the art. She may sing ballads out of tune, 
or sho may be deaf, it is immaterial; she has 
audacity, and at a moment’s notice she would 
interview a stray Bishop or review an ency- i 
clopoedia. / ' | 

Aftor all, is she not without excuse? She 1 
Is obliged to earn her living; she is not 
capable of better work, or she has learned 
by bitter experience that such work is often 
rejected by “ hustling’’ managers, who can 
find no room for it; her column of personal 
gossip and flippant chat is readily accepted, 
and she knows that it is read. A persever- 
ing woman, with the aid of her natural 
witchcraft, can make herself invaluable in a 
newspaper office by extracting “interviews ” 
from public men who would frown upon a 
male reporter. Nor is the evil which the 
writer of the above-mentioned article de- 
plores due alone to feminine depravity. 
“Tuquoque” might be the reply of any 
clever woman to the male assailant. For are 
there not gossips and romancers in the 
journalistic ranks of the sterner sex? Oris 
the work of the female journalist read only 
by women ? 

President McLeod of the Reading Rail- 
way states that nearly a month ago at a 
meeting of workmen, where Grand Master 
Sweeny presided, plans were laid for the 
present strike, and Master Workman Mc- 
Namara proposed force, such as derailing 
cars, knocking holes in engine tanks, etc. 
On the other hand Mr. Sweeny says that he 
believes in “ fighting fair,’’ and he does not 
approve of injuring property or assaulting 
men. The fact remains that however Mr. 
Sweeny may disapprove mentally of vio- 
lence he has taken no firm stand against the 
rioters, who, he claims, do not belong to his 
men. He encourages the strike, and then, 
astonished at the consequences, disclaims 
responsibility. Meanwhile a quarter of a 
million dollars’ worth of property is spoiling 
in the stalled cars, and terror reigns in the j 


The Spaniards applaud the hull that has 
killed a man in the arena and call for a 
renewal of the fight. To us they are bar- 
barians. Yesterday in a New Jersey town 
there was a horse race. Six jockeys were 
thrown and injured severely. One was “dis- 
figured fearfully,” and he was removed from 
the track, delirious, so that be was put in a 
straight-jacket. As in the Spanish arena, 
“the accident created great excitement, but 
the programme was carried out.” 

It was an unhappy moment for the Demo- 
crats when Mr. Washington Hessing “ talked 
very freely” about the Democratic chances 
of carrying Illinois this fall. “The repeal of 
the present school law, which is very much 
the same as the Bennett law, which was re- 
pealed at the last session of the Wisconsin 
Legislature, is a matter which vitally inter- 
ests the Germans. That law must be re- 
pealed, and it can only be done through the 
instrumentality of the Democratic party. 
The success of the Republicans means the 
continuance of the law.” That is to say, the 
success of Democracy in Illinois means the 
encouragement of Germamzation, and the 
propagation of Cahenslyism, which is com- 
batted earnestly by the great majority of the 
members of the Roman Catholic Church in 
this country. 

Certain English newspapers find an ele- 
ment of insincerity in the celebration of the 
centenary of Shelley’s birth. It is a singular 
I fact, by the way, that the day of this centen- 
I ary a Parliament met that \yas chosen in the 
spirit that moved Shelley to lay down condi- 
tions for Home Rule in his “Proposal for 
I Putting Reform to the Vote Throughout the 
Kingdom.” The author stood long ago in 
tlvs balcony of a Dublin house and threw 
copies of his pamphlet to men in the street 
who “looked likely.” He sent other copies 
to public houses. The sanguine boy— for he 
was then but a boy— thought to revolutionize 
the condition of Ireland by a visit of a week 
and a free distribution of pamphlets. The 
Shelley just celebrated was the poet, not the I 

The ingenious Dr. Charcot has invented a 
“ vibratory medicine.” He puts a patient 
suffering from shaking palsy into an arm- 
;hair which by a mechanical arrangement 
produces vibrations like those of a train in 
motion. The symptoms disappear gradually, 
and the patient sleeps. This suggested to 
another physician a “ vibrating cap ” for 
the relief of headache and insomnia. If 
vibrations are all that are needed, electric 
cars and excursion trains might be to palsy 
rs like medicine to like disease. Indeed 
certain diseases are said to be relieved by | 
constant railway travel, as other diseases 
are induced thereby; and no doubt Dr. 
Charcot borrowed the hint in the construc- 
tion of his machine. 

A paragraph is going the rounds of the 
newspapors to the effect that, according to 
statistics, the Parisian, man, woman or child, 
bathes only once In two years. Such compu- 
tations aro made lightly, and cannot be dis- 
proved. Strange results might follow from a 
similar juggling with figures In a crowded 
American city. At the same time it is cor- 
tainly suggestive that a French writer on 
porsonal beauty advises his malo readers to 
have a good wash before they begin to dress. 
He counsels, first, a hath ; if this is impossi- 
ble, the face, neck and hands at least should 
he scoured thoroughly. And to fortify his 
position he quotes from classical writers of 

It will be noticed that tho name of Mr. 
Labouehere does not appear in the list of the 
members of Mr. Gladstone’s cabinet; but the 
list as published this morning is not com- 
plete. It is said that Mr. Labouehere wishes 
chiefly the offer, that he may decline 
it, as Caesar, upon a memorable 
occasion, but no one can prophecy correctly 
concerning the possible conduct of the 
editor of Truth. In the office of that 
newspaper is his most fitting place; there 
can he probably work tor the greatest good 
in behalf of the Premier. 

It is pleasant to hear news from Ireland 
that is connected neither with oppression nor 
bloody revolt. The horse breeding in the 
West of Ireland by a government depart- 
ment has been successful. The original horse 
in Donegal was a descendant of the Anda- 
lusian of the wrecked vessels of the Armada. 
New blood was needed, and Yorkshire hack- 
neys and Arabs were introduced. These 
horses were distribnted through the country, 
much to tiio present and future benefit of 
the farmers. 

The conduct of Mr. Gilman excites sur- 
prise; for he was genial in his business rela- 
tions with men, and “ universally kind and 
considerate of his family.” He was also re- 
garded as an honorable man. But the ease 
of Mr. Gilman is only one of many. Exterior 
polish, gentlemanly behavior and courteous 
treatment of wife and children are not neces- 
sarily the accompaniments of integrity. The 
rudeness that defies temptation and the 
coarse sense that chokes the thought of spec- 
ulation with the use of another’s money are 
more to the purpose. 

From Newport, as from other watering 
places, comes the report that men will not 
dance in the vacation. While the women 
were obliged to make up sets among their 
own sex, the men loitered at the club or res- 
taurant. They are not, however, to be 
blamed. There is work enough of this kind 
in winter, and it must be then carried on 
with earnestness and self-abnegation. To 
demand its continuance during the days of 
midsummer and early fall is unreasonable, 
not even to be demanded by a capricious 
leader of society. 



"The Naulahka,” published by McMillan & 
Co., is a novel written l y the literary firm of 
Kudyard Kipling and Walcott Balesteir. The 
recant death of Mr. Balesteir called forth ex- 
pressions of regret for the literary as well as the 
I personal loss; Putin ins collaboration with Mr. 
Kipling it is difficult to form an estimate of his 
value. "The Naulahka” would not have made 
him famous if he had written it alone, nor 
would it now add to the reputation of Mr. Kip- 
ling if he, too, had worked unaided. For the 
east and the west are brought into too violent 
conjunction. The melodrama is extravagant to 
the point of burlesque. The Mrs. Mutrie who 
controls witn a smile the destinies of railways 
and lusts aftor Eastern Jewels is a fan- 
tastic character of opera bouffe. The Amer- 
ican uiscipie of Pundita KamaPai 
wanders with ease in Indian hospitals 
anil palaces, conversing freely in English with 
natives who are miles away from an English 
settlement. Nicholas 2,'arvin is a deus ex 
machina who succeeds gin all he undertakes, 
and appears at the melodramatically correct 
moment. He rises sup&Biflr to the treachery and 
the wiles of Queen Sltaouai, who is. with the 
possible exception of the opium-drunken Maha- 
rajah, the most entertaining person in the cook. 
There are in the toreign episodes traces of the 
strength that is akin to brutality and lhat is 
peculiar to Mr. Kipiing, and the search after the 
Naulahka in the Cow’s Mouth is de- 
scribed in a powerful chapter of in- 
genious. horrible detail. So. too. tho 

night in which the gypsy Queen 
woo» Xarvin remains in the memory. But 
with these exceptions, in which air. Kinlmg is 
on familiar ground, the story is uninteresting 
even when there is a straining after effects. Nor 
is tho alleged American humor introduced, tnat 
compound of humanity, siirewd sense and tho 
grotesaue that characterizes the genuine article 
The story may beguile a summer’s day. it wili 
not advance Mr. Kipling in the estimation oi 
those who are not inclined to take him seri- 
ously ; it will not Dreserve the name ot the now 
silent partner. For, on tue oue hand, the flow 
ot adventure is not spontaneous enough t.o carry 
tho characters witu it. and, on the other hand 
, the drawing of character is not attempted, or it 
is teeble. 


_r. John Hearct. Jr., has feathered together 
short stories that he wrote first lor magazines, , 
and they aro published lor him by Harper and 
Brevhers under the title " \ rharselor France.” 

Mr Hear., seems wed equipped uy nature lor 
the trauo ot story tellins ; nnd although he uses 
liberal!' tin local color in his tales of hot 
i-U'ncs although he '.lien delights in blood ana 
crime a "lid adventure, he can at me same 
um- snow ins power in the character-study ol 
apparently com moo place inumduals, as in 
"Janus. ' At present he prefers apparently the 
lurnt and the tragic; he is realistic in the de- 
set • ;iou ot horrid sintering and he spells out 
uis oaths; but ne is a child of this generation, 
and us ecu present as an additional excuse, that 
tie interests tils readers. In the telling of short 
stones our American writers approach the 
i r , , the masters in this art; and Mr. Heard 
m iv take an enviauie position among them, if 
he does not persist in enjoying the burning rays 
ol the barbarous sun. 

ylr, Hamlin Garland in 11 A Little Norsk 1 for- 
gets social and economic problems, forgets legis 
lative corrupters and Western landsharks. In 
ibis Simple and charming idyl he ceases his 
compiamt against nie Government, man and 
the universe. 1'he rearing ot the little girl by 
the stalwart and tender men is told delight- 
'ully and there is a flavor ol the apil until the 
druggist appears- 1 hen there is an attempt at 
melodrama ol a cheap and tedious description, 
an attempt that suggests the despair ol the au- 
thor in the proper disposal ot Ins heroine, for 
heroines unl>Ra awkward children, cannot be 
PU out at boarding school by perplexed parents ; 
neither c*u they be dropped overboard like the 
boy Xury m “ Kobinson LrusO'. .Ur. Garlanu 
has w ritten stones oi greater strength than A 
1 it tie Norsk, but his talent has never before 
seemed soamianle or shown such tenderness, 
'file little volume is published by 1>. Appleton. 

Harper & Bros, are the publishers of ” Mrs. 
Keats Bradford.” by Maria Louise Pool. Mrs. 
P.rsdfor J, a New England woman of artistic 
tastes deserts her husband because he is in love 
with her; at least, no other explanation other 
conduct is given. Mie settles in Boston, and an 
old male acquaintance m Pans the At- 
lantic and makes unseat etna illy proposals to 
her wh ch sue spurns. Her husband is bored 
Bv the English ciuos. and he. too. crosses tile 
Y. .mat It to see his wile. His proposals meet 

wi'ti no response, so he goes out West and lives 

on a ranch. Idle mother ot Mrs. bradford dies; 
her si- ci marries a man that lias his home in 
the ooutn lino. Mrs. Bradford then concludes 
to loinber hu6baud. and. taking her pet dog. sue 
meets him pef ore is is too late. Around these 
fa-rertric characters revolve various types ot 
New Euglaud life. From W’. B. C.arke & Co. 

•• The Squire.” published by the CasselLPub 
hshiug Company, is by Mrs. Parr, the author of 
” Dorothy Fox.” It is a long drawn out story of 
the commonplace actions ot conventional 
ueople. lucre is a stern old man w hose heart 
is sutteuL-.i at the proper time to the advantage 
of his relatives, and a designing second w ife is 
proper. V discomfited, Y onus men marry young 
maulens without serious oustacles in their 
wootng. aud neither limits nor virtues arrest 
the c.nicism oi tue reader. It is a dull novel. 


Piracy is again in favor, although instances 
of the amenities of the profession are still 
sporadic and remote. There has been a 
fascination in the lives and the deeds of sea 
outlaws from the time of the early Greeks, 
when piracy was an honorable calling. A 
healthy boy dreams of ingots and doubloons ; 
he practices secretly the art of holding a cut- 
lass with the teeth by first experimenting 
with a knife; he rigs in the back yard a 
plank and gloats over his childish foes. The 
man is not averse to tales of bloody deeds, if 
he smells salt foam with the powder ; he de- 
vours eagerly such a story as “Treasure 
Island.” A well-known and high-toned 
newspaper of New York published in its 
is'ue oi last Sunday seven columns' of enter- 
taining matter concerning the adventure? of 
bold pirates under the ‘‘Jolly Roger,” and 
the “bloodthirsty career of the infamous Ed- 
ward Low ” was told in a manner that would 
excite the admiration and even envy 
of a peaceful citizen ot sedentary 
life. The “Lay of the Last Buccaneer,” 
by the Rev. Charles Kingsley, introduced 
gracefully the subject, and “A Chapter of 
Highwaymen” in verse brought the end. 
In the National Biography Ser ies Captain 

Kidd Is represented as a geDtlcman of en- 
gaging personality, who was hung alter an 
unfair trial; and the story of his burying the 
Bible in the sand is probably an Idle tradi- 
tion, akin to the tale of Tell’* marksmanship 
and the legend of Lucre/.ia Borgia's chest of 
assorted poison*. But in the columns of the 
New York Times there was no softening of 
the detail, no process of general whitewash- 
ing. The great Low ties lighted matches 
between the fingers ol his captives, cuts oil 
ears and slits noses, and in other ways di- 
verts hltn‘elf In the presence of the reader 
as when in real *ife lie scuttled New Eng- 
land vessels. 

It will then be agreeable news to many 
that piracy, as a profession, is still studied 
and with praiseworthy results, lor a time 
t:ie active practice of the profession fell into 
disrepute on account of the prudery of the 
law. Pirates were engaged in other callings. 
Some, in hope of an ultimate revival ot busi- 
ness, kept their band in by trading with 
authors and publishing their books. Others 
formed land companies, launched insurance 

balloons, or, in sheer bravado, invffdea me i 
ranks of lawyers. But the admiration ex- f 
cited by the recent deeds of the Roedique 
brothers in the South Seas shows that popu- 
lar interest demands a revival of the old- 
established, legitimate business. 

Roedique, the mate of the good schooner i 
Dolly ,T., was a man of “splendid attain- 
ments.” He spoke English, French, Ger- 
man aud all the dialects of the Soutli Seas; 
he had also enjoyed the advantages of con- 
vict education in New Caledonia, and he was 
graduated by an adroit exercise in jail break- 
ing. On a cruise of the schooner, the crew 
was joined in the Kingswoll group by Roe- 
dique’s brother, who had been his co-mate 
in exile. It occurred to these men that it 
would be well to seize the ship, cargo, and 
g.'iOOO iu treasure, so they plotted with the 
cook, who poisoned the food of the crew. 
“The Roedique brothers stood over them, 
watched the death struggles of the four men, 
and chuckled because there was no outcry.” 
The work was still incomplete. The captain 
and the supercargo were sitting in the cabin 
eating their dinner, when two uninvited 
guests appeared. “ Like clockwork two pis- 
tols were drawn, two shots sounded like one, 
and the brains of the captain and supercargo 
mingled on the dinner table." The brothers 
then ate a hearty meal while the cook steered. 
Sharks disposed of the unpleasant reminders 
of the victory. Then there was carousing in 
different ports, throwing of money in the 
streets, until the cook in a fit of the dumps 
boarded a Spanish man-of-war— here is a 
touch of romantic detail, for Spain and 
piracy are still connected in the mind of 
every boy of tender or hoary years— and the 
brothers were captured and put in irons. On 
the ship were $3000, 60 tons of copra and a 
ton of pearl shell. 

Thus it appears that the age of piracy is 
not gone. It is true that the Roedique 
brothers did not have time to hoist the black j 
flag. They would have sailed under the 
skull and cross-bones without doubt, had it 
not been for the mistaken conduct of the 
cook and Spanish arrogance. They certainly 
made a brave beginning, and their names 
should be added to the list in which sparkle 
as dazzling gems Kidd, Low, and that terror 
of the Gulf, Lafitte. 

Young Adams, the embezzler, kept a diary, 
and instead of noting daily a resolve to be 
diligent, that he might rise and control a 
business of his own, he recorded step by step 
the process of his dishonest scheme. This 
diary was found close to a letter in which 
the boy’s sister prayed that he might be 
honest. It is a singular incident in the his- 
tory of crime. By what fatuity did Adams, 
who in other ways showed shrewdness and 
native wit, leave such evidence behind him? 

Or why did not the record of his guilty plan 
warn him against the fulfilment? 

Recent events have shown that in criminal 
cases no one can escape suspicion. The ab- j 
sent-minded, the easily confused, the men 
and women of imperfect memory may easily 
appear as hardened criminals. The infirmi- 
ties of nature are not dangerous enough, and 
the psycho-physical gentry have in- 
vented a machine called the plethysmo- 
graph, which measures the least increase 
of blood in the arteries of the arm. This, it 
Is said, will furnish involuntary testimony 
of the nervous state of a criminal ; or, if it 
Is applied to a person under suspicion, it will 
be a test of guilt or innocence. Years ago 
there were similar ordeals, though of more 
heroic nature ; the ordeals of fire and water. 

There is fine playing recorded at the 
croquet tournament at Norwich, and much 
Interest expressed in the final results. A 
jorrespondent writes The Journal in refer- 
ence to an editorial paragraph concerning 
oroquet in the issue of Friday. He claims 
that the game is disparaged without reason. 
“In its present scientific condition it has no 
superior for skill, judgment and ‘nerve.’ ” 
Players at billiards and lawn tennis may bo 
inclined to dispute this statement. There 
was no attempt in the paragraph 

to “underrate the claims of cro- 
quet.” The opinion was expressed 
that games have their rise and fall, 
ebb and flow. Surely the correspondent, 
who is, by the Way, an officer of the Croquet 
Association, would not insist that his favor- 
ite amusement is as generally popular with 
young men and young women as it was, say 
20 years ago, or before the Introduction of 
lawn tennis. Nor is the worth of a game 
measured by its popularity. Chess, for in- 
stance, is not as popular as poker. Lawn 
tennis is just now in favor. Its nets are 
seen on every lawn. It is an invigorating 
game, that demands a quick eye, trained 
wrist, and swift and certain judgment. 

The strikers in New York State show hu- 
manity at least in allowing the movement of 
milk trains. It would be cruel If children 
were to suffer on account of the disputes of 
men. Yet this humanity is one-sided; and 
the strikers look beyond their homes. For 
when a workman is idle, his wife and his 
children are thft first and the keenest so ff.qasf*-, 

Nine-tenths of the cabmen of Paris have j 
struck, and tourists and citizens walk. There | 
is mnch to be said in favor of these hard- 
working men. The courses are long and the 
receipts are comparatively small, while the 
owners of the cabs demand a fat price for 
their use. There are no disorders reported ; 
for it does not occur to a French driver that 
when he is in dispute with his employer it is 
his first duty to maim horses, break cabs and i 
make himself thoroughly obnoxious to every- j 

The Essex County Prohibitionists have re- 
ceived a deadly blow from an unexpected 
quarter. They are the victims of the treach- 
ery of Nature, long their boasted ally. For 
it is announced simultaneously with the re- 
port of their convention that the water supply 
of Salem is failing. “The stars in their 
courses fought against Sisera.” 

The Atlanta Constitution agrees with Mr. 
Howells in his opinio that no one can love 
New York. It declares that “New York is 
to be used and not loved. It is a convenience 
merely.” But it is to be regretted that the 
force of this admirable epigram is weakened 
by the following outburst of local pride: 
“Atlanta is one of the few towns in the 
world that have an attractive individuality.” 
There are certain things that gain by infer- 
ence. An epigram carries suggestion with 
it ; it should not be diluted by pursuing its 

The statistics of homicide in the United 
States were discussed lately in The Journal, 
and the figures relating to drunkenness as a 
cause were then the subject of comment. 
Sir Edmond du Cane, who is a student 
of crime, in speaking of the habitual 
criminals of London, sees no relief if 
drunkenness were swept away. “ If any 
soeial habit more than another leads to 
crime,” he says, “ it is that of betting and 
gambling, which derive their attraction from 
the hope of getting rich without work.” All 
students of crime lagree in this, that bet- 
ting is the great English vice. 

An American female physician, who now 
lives in England, advocates a diet which she 
calls “natural food.” Her argument is sim- 
ple. “Primitive man fed on fruit and 
nuts, therefore let us all eat fruit and nuts.” 
Primitive man, however, indulged himself 
in many practices that his successors have 
wisely discarded. Mrs. Densmore admits 
that as we have deteriorated in certain re- 
spects, flesh may be eaten in small quantity; i 
but she insists on the supreme value of 
nuts. This theory of diet should be taken 
with a grain of salt. 

A superstition is a hard thing to kill. It is 
said that on certain moors of England jealous 
women still mould waxen dolls, and running 
pins through them, melt them slowly, so that 
their human models may waste away. This 
seems incredible, but Fanny D. Bergen, in 
the last number of American Folk Lore, 
gives an instance of a belief as insane, and 
on her own personal authority. There is a 
fungus called “ death-baby,” fabled to fore- 
tell death in a family, and she has “ known 
of intelligent people (in a town not far re- 
moved from Boston) rushing out in terror and 
heating down a colony of these as soon as 
they appeared in the yard.” 

The attention of the members of tlie Psy- 
chical Society is invited to an extraordinary 
scandal which is now agitating the art world 
of London. It is alleged that a sculptor did 
not execute the large work exhibited by him 
in the xYcademy, but that lie was assisted 
by a ghost. The sculptor denies 
the charge, and is as skeptical 
in the matter of ghosts, as are the accusers 
of his merit. The members of the society 
should not accept the vulgar explanation that 
a “ ghost ” is an assistant who possesses the 
necessary artistic education, anil they should 
put all the parties concerned to a most rigid 


From the beginning the shoe has been 
something more than a mere article of com- 
merce. It has been an index of the taste of 
the time. The antiquarian can construct a 
civilization from a given shoe, as Cuvier built 
the animal from the bone. The painter finds 
a delight in the reproduction of a leathery 
past when cavaliers were booted anil I 
spurred. The history of the shoe is a maga- 
zine of singular facts and superstitions, a 
storehouse of the caprices of men and 
women. As in other articles of dress, there 
has been a rotation in fashion, from the days 
when Egyptians wore sandals of leather, 
palm leaves or papyrus, to the time when 
Queen Mary restricted the width of the toe 
to six inches; from the custom of the New 
England squaw to wear “shooes of Mose 
skinnes, which is the principal! leather used 

to that purpose,” to the summer habit of 

white shoes that accompany a gown 
and adorn a piazza. The bare-foot- 
ed “little man,’’ so lovingly described 
I by Whittier, can point to Socrates or Cato, 

I in whose footsteps he follows. The stern 
Spartans were partial to red shoes. The 
silken shoes of the last century were adorned 
i with buckles and gold and silver stars ; and 
the sabot of the French peasant, when it is 
intended for house use, is curiously orna- 
mented. In the olden time, in the days when 
Alciabides was the talk of the Athenians as 
he sauntered in the streets, shoes were named 
after him, as now an actor inspires the fancy 
in a cravat. There was once a famous swell 
in England, long before Beau Brummel, so 
long ago that he ate his dinner about 10 ! 
o’clock of the morning, and he gave his whole 
mind to the extension of toe-points “ tp isted 
like a ram’s horn.’’ For women are not alone 
in their fastidiousness and love of personal 
display. Even the magistrates of Rome were 
particular in the appearance of their shod 

But there are books without number that 

deal with this subject in fantastical or serious 
manner. When Popes thought it worth 
while to thunder against extravagance in the 
device or ornamentation of shoes, why should 
not the lovers of the curious trace the evolu- 
tion of the modern shoe from the thong-tied 
sandal? The humblest Frenchwoman may 
have a simple robe, but she is shod most 
carefully. She knows the irresistible power 
of this weapon ; she shares this knowledge 
with her sisters of all lands. Suckling, in 
England, has sung the praises of such feet; 
Restif de la Bretonne has told in famous 
words of the mighty influence of a well-made 
little boot, and is there not a disease, or 
rather a mania, for stealing women’s shoes 
known to the Germans as “ Frauen sehustehl’- 
monomanie,” a formidable name that mag- 
nifies the guilt of the performance? Or why 
should woman he compelled to wear shoes, 
or boots, or slippers that war against her 
taste, simply to gratify the advocate of 
health ? Would the feet of antique goddesses, 
if they were turned into human flesh, incite 
the poet or haunt the lover? The woman of 
to-day does not envy her sister of China; siie 
wishes a becoming foot dress, just as 300 j 
years ago Margery, the good wife of Simon ! 
Eyre, exclaimed with just pride: “Roger, I 
( thou know’st the size of my toot; as it is 
| none of the biggest, so, I thank God, it is 
j handsome enough; prithee, let me have a 
i pair of siloes made, cork, good Roger, 
wooden heel, too.” 

j Fashions change for men and women. The 
j term shoot and shoe are used loosely, although 
the boot proper goes above the ankle. Bluchers, 
Wellingtons, high-lows are now unknown 
to us. But the glory of the American shoo 
remains, a fixed and settled quantity. Over 
a century ago it was reported in the London 
| Chronicle that shoes for women were 
i made at Lynn exceeding in strength i 
and beauty any that were usually 
imported from London. It is true that the 
American shoemaker has been fortunate in 
his models, but the feet of men have been as 
tenderly treated. Not without reason does 
the Boot and Shoe Club of this city hold 
days of jollification ; not without reason does 
the newspaper of the craft exult in a long : 
and illustrated supplement. Tne method of 
man ufacture has changed since the days of i 
honest Thomas Dekker, and “rubbing-pin, 
stopper, dresser, four sorts of awls, two balls 
of wax, paring knife, band and thumb 
leathers, and good St. Hugh’s bones,” may 
in part have now a foreign sound ; but now, 
as in that illustrious “Shoemaker’s 
Holiday” that pleased the Queen’s most 
excellent Majesty, shoemakers are still 
“ gentlemen of the gentle craft, true Trojans, 
courageous cordwainers; they all kneel to 
the shrine of holy Saint Hugh.” 

In weight and in numbers the war fleet of 
England is undoubtedly supreme: but 

whether the ships are available for action is 
another question. The ponderous masses of 
iron and steel do not, take kindly to a heavy 
sea. The number of accidents is already 
large, and the experience of the Sharpshooter, 
with broken engine and drifting at will, is a 
reflection on the skill of English designers or 

A few months ago a writer of this town 
lamented in the North American Review the 
decay of the popularity of Dickens. It is 
possible, indeed probable, that in Boston, 
where there is an ever changing fashion in 
literary matters, there is little talk concern- 
ing Dickens, but according to a statement of 
Mr. Chapman, the publisher, the popu- 
larity of the novelist is now greater than 
ever. The sale of his works last year was 
four times as large as that of 1860, the year 
before his death. Since “The Pickwick Pa- 
pers ” have been out of copyright, eleven 
London publishers have brought out editions, 
and Mr. Chapman has still sold of “Pick- 
wick” 521,750 copies during the last twenty- 
two years. Of the novels in the cheap form 
“Martin Chuzzlewit ” is the most popular. | 

It would appear to the superficial observer I 
that the throwing of stones and rotten-eggs I 
at the members of Baldwin’s Cadet hand as j 
i they were engaged in giving a concert in 
East Boston was the lawless conduct of a 
crowd of hoodlums. The learned, however, 
might attribute the riotous scene to the pow- 
er of music over impressionable hearers, 
i Erio, the King of Denmark, was once moved 
' so mightily by the sound of music that ho 
pierced several of the audience with his 
lance; and tho Marquis dePontdcoulant con- 
j sidered it imprudent to put a subject of 
| ardent imagination in communication with 
such an energetic and powerful agent. Of 
aourse, In a brass band this agent is devel- 
>ped to its highest potency. 

The records of crime are full of instances 
»f the uncertainty of circumstantial evidence 
In questions of life and death. The New 
Fork Sun revives pertinently the famous 
case of the murder of Mrs. Jane De Forrest 
Hull in New York in 1879. It will be remem- 
I bered that circumstances boro heavily 
| against her husband, an aged man. He was 
tried in certain newspapers and convicted ; 
but, fortunately for him and justice, Chastine 
Cox, the negro, was found in this city with 
property of the murdered woman. The 
loubly afflicted husband never recovered 
from the effects of grief and outraged feelings. 

It is of interest to note in connection with 

I he celebration at Lynn that the first tanner 
vas Francis Ingalls, who started his tannery 
ibout 1630. He, his brother and three other 
nen were the first settlers in “Saugus.” The 
Ingalls families of to-day came from this 
stock, and ex-Senator Ingalls of Kansas is 
said to be well pleased in that he can trace 
iis parentage to such a source. 

Queens are human, and it is not surprising 
hat Victoria objected to the mention of Mr. 
Labouchere for a Cabinet position. He has 
been in the habit of publishing in Truth 
paragraphs reflecting bitterly on the habits 
find the mental equipment of members of the 
royal family, and although his jests excited 
the Radicals to ftmghter, the Queen, possibly 
from a defective sense of humor, considered 
the paragraphs “ disgusting trash.” So Mr. 
Labouchere will now have plenty of time to 
sharpen the arrows of wit and shoot them, 
not only at the royal family, but at the more 
successful members of his party who sit iu 
Cabinet chairs. 

Fryeburg appeals to Mr. Howells, it seems, 
because he used its “topography and land- 
scape” in “A Modern Instance,” but lest 
the good people of the town might take 
bffence at the thought that he had borrowed 
local customs for the sake of realism, he 
hastens to add that if he had derived any 
part of his story from its life the novel would 
have been better. But this Characteristic 
Howellsism may be forgiven readily, in view 
of the graceful and affectionate tribute paid 
by him to James R. Osgood in his letter of 

It is said that the Duke of Devonshire, 
who has just been married to the Duchess of 
Manchester, was madly in love with her 40 
years ago, but his “habitual indolence” pre- 
I vented a declaration. He weds her, after 
mature consideration, when she is 60 years of 
age, and thus the truth of the old saying, 
“All things come to him that waits,” is 
again corroborated. 

London Jrainps have occupied lately the 
Salvation shelters provided by General 
Booth, but from complaints made publicly at 
meetings in Hyde Park, they are as difficult 
to please as the Princess in the fairy story. 
They objected, singularly enough, to the in- 
ferior quality of the towels and the soap ; 
and they found fault at being 
routed out in the morning by 
the sound of a police whistle, “ which was 
not a pleasant sound to men who had been 
doing penal servitude.” General Booth 
might imitate the habit of Montaigue's father, 
who believed that the sleeper should return 
to life in a gentle manner, and so his boy 
was awakened by the sounds of soft and 
sweet music that was played beneath his 

Mr. Eliot made yesterday at the Lynn 
meeting an earnest plea for the encourage- 
ment of the work of the Trustees of Public 
Reservations. The place of the meeting was 
propitious, and in Itself an argu- 
ment for his cause. He based his 

reasoning not only on sentimental grounds ; 
be appealed to the business men by attribut- 
ing the decay of certain once famous resorts 
to the negligence or stinginess shown by the 
proprietors in their care of features of 
sceuery that should be kept attractive. 

m nor weather the kitchen stovo wui n „ 

longer bo a burden. Dr. Sawlczerosky, ■ 

it is perhaps unnecessary to add is 

Russian cooks meats by subjecting the 

to a temperature of 33 degrees below 

zero, and then sealing them up hermatically 

) tin vesseis. Those are palatable after they 

h.i\< been kept some time in these boxes and 

urn r ° a n, y f0r Uble us0 - lillt there are many 

thevTav T ® at C j ln,K ‘ a Kood8 ’ ovon when 
the} save labor and discomfort. 

^ee 1 ii , Dav ! t ■ has Klveu tlle advocates of labor 
Mblc advice. The great question in Eng- 
v to-day is Home Rule for Ireland, and 
e hen such men as John Morley are engaged 
earnestly j), tho liberation of Ireland, it 
seems a pity that they should be nagged by 
questions of less importance. For t]}e same 
reason, the factions in the Irish delegation 
seem not only vain but criminal. 


The ninth volume of “The Musical Year 
j Book of tho Unjtcd States,” edited by Mr. 
G. H. Wilson, was published a few days ago, 
and it is full of suggestion. Not that it is a 
book of interest to the general reader, for it 
contains nothing but the record of pro- 
grammes in various cities of this country and 
a few tables of statistics. This little book, 
however, is useful to the student of the 
growth and the present conditional music 
in the United States, and to the future anti- 
quarian or historian it will be invaluable. 
Hie drudgery of the compiler will make pos- 
sible tlie brilliancy of the essayist or the en- 
during fame of the historian. 

It would be unsafe to draw many conclu- 
sions or arguments from the figures of one 
I year. According to the carefully prepared 
index, Tsehaikowsky appears to be the most 
popular of foreign living composers, and 
yet tlie fact is undoubtedly otherwise, for 
the widespread and inherent popularity 
of a composer cannot be determined 
wholly by the number of his works per- 
formed ; and TschaikoWsky is a composer 
who appeals rather to musicians and hearers 
of a peculiar and high-pitched temperament 
than to the many who assist at a function of 
society. But, in looking over Mr. Wilson’s 
book, the reader is reminded forcibly of two 
facts that may well excite comment. 

A table is given of works by native and 
resident American composers that were per- 
formed abroad during the season of ’91-’92. 
It is designed to mark tlie normal growth 
abroad of music written by Americans. 
“Consequently neither the concert of his own 
compositions which Mr. Van der Struken 
was invited to give in Antwerp, nor the series 
of orchestral concerts given in German 
cities under the direction of Mr. F. 
X. Arens is recorded.” The works 
that were played are these: A pianoforte 
concerto by Mr. MacDoweil of this city, which 
was performed by Theresa Carreno in Ber- 
lin; an orchestral suite by the same com- 
poser, which was played in t?t. Petersburg, 
and “The Haunted Mill,” by Mr. Templeton 
Strong, which was sung iu Leipzig. It may j 
here be remarked that these gentlemen stud- 
ied abroad, lived there, engaged in composi- 
tion or in teaching, and pieces by them ap- 
peared in tlie catalogues of foreign publish- 
ers. In other words, their names are not un- 
known in Germany. The makers of concert 
programmes did not look toward America ex- 
cept in these instances. 

The other noticeable fact is tlie steady in- 
crease of Cahenslyism in music, i. e., the de- 
sire shown by managers and the apparent 
willingness of audiences that German singers 
and players should absorb the attention of 
Americans to the exclusion, not only of 
other foreigners, but also of musicians j 
born in this country of American ] 

stock or of English-speaking parents, j 
This tendency of the time is not 

confined to Boston, where it has already pro- 1 
yoked discussion; it may be seen in nearly I 
all of the towns, large or small, where music 
is given in public. Tlie four chief orchestras 1 
of tlie United States are made up almost 
wholly of Germans; they are under \ 
the direction of Germans, or men of German j 
parentage; German is the language spoken ! 
at tiie rehearsals. That this is so, is net in- I 
explicable. Our musical race is young and 1 
few in numbers; and orchestral players are 
not made by the instruction of a year or two 
at a music school. Then it is tlie fashion to 
regard Germans as conductors by Divine ap- 
pointment, and Germany as the only birth- 
place of musical compositions worthy of 
the name. But tlie American concert 
stage is invaded by strolling singers 
and players, both male and female. They 
certainly have a right to a hearing. If, how- 
ever, after they have been heard, they arc 
evidently incapable, it does not seem just 
that they should usurp, the place of Ameri- 

ea:;> who have shown their worth in the very 
towns invaded and subjected by the foreign- 
er^ The singers o£ lioston know to-day 
that they would receive engagements of 
more importance it they were of German 
birth : that they sing better than certain for- 
eign rivals who have driven them from the 
stage is not taken into serious consideration 
by the authorities who have the matter in 
charge. Nor is it likelv that Boston is the 
only” American city where this species of 
Calienslyisiu exists. 

The weak Conduct of the Governor of Ten- 
nessee, the tumult and the commotion, the 
rebellion and tne bloodshed, all these are 
necessary perhaps before the people of the 
North and the South realise the evil of the 
.y stem of convict-leases and the existence of 
white and black slavery. It is not likely that 
the miners rebel from motives of philan- 
thropy ; but they may be the unconscious in- 
strument* of* reform. This spectacle of in- 
f-urreetlba <nd deliauce of the law. that is so ■ 
fob noxious to the true American citizen, may, 
then be regarded as an evil that works for 
ultimate righteousness. 

The Yale men of the last thirty years will 

hear with regret of the death of “Jimmy” I 
Hill. He was neither a tutor nor a pro- 
fessor; he neither awarded conditions nor 
sat at prize debates. His influence was ex- 
ercised in more subtle ways, for he minis- 
tered in a kindly manner to the stomachic 
w ants of the students. The short-lived gen- 
erations of collegians came and went as the 
leaw s of Nestor ; Mr. Hill was present at the 
birth and at the death ; and be prospered, for 
he was a man of amiable disposition, who 
knew how to accommodate himself to the ca- 
prices of imperious youth. 

A correspondent of a Paris newspaper 
writes as follows from Bayreuth . I must 
sa" that all the French visitors are perfectly 
sincere dilettanti. There is not a snob 
among all these faithful ones, who are trans- 
ported into the seventh heaven during the 
Wagner performances, and whom you meet 
afterwards buying Wagner handkerchiefs 
and •Parsifal’ perfume.” It is a singular 
fact that Wagner is to-day undoubtedly 
judged with a more sincere and sane appreci- 
ation in Palis than in any other city of Eu- 
rope Nor would it be surprising if, 10 years 
from now, the German disciples of 
Wagner would make their pilgrim- 
age to Paris to hear the music- 
dramas in perfection. At both the Giand 
Opcraandthe Opera Comique preparations 
are now made on a grand scale for the pro- 
duction of certain of Wagner’s operas. It 
was always the ambition of the restless man 
to be heard in Paris ; for he knew full well 
the supreme artistic sense of the trench. 

Here is a curious instance of voice failure. 
A.n Atlantic City saloon keeper was sen- 
tenced to imprisonment for violation of the 
■xcise law. He is now speechless, aud not 
vocalise he is svllcn or conscience-stricken, 
ant, if the doctors may be believed, because 
m has had nothing to drink but coffee and 
a ater. In othefl words, his vocal chords will 
aot operate unless they are wet with whisky, 
which lie was in the habit of taking freely to 
remove “that husky f eeling.” 

The irritability provoked in a man by an 
in'-onsiderabfe delay in his transit from the 
ocean to his office is a triumph of the inani- 
mate and a reflection on the good 
sense of humanity. Time is not lost 
bv such mental ami physical inaction. The 
apparent w aste of ten minutes does not im- 
i air seriously the machinery of business, 
and the world still revolves steadily. These 
minutes might be employed profitably 
in vacuous contemplation, just as 

the London Telegraph assures the 

reader that the time spent in being shaved 
b} a barber is a wholesome rest to the mind 
and the body, provided, of course, that the 
barber is not a lineal descendant of the gos- 
sip in the Arabi an Nights. 

The older men and women of this local 
veneration will lament the improvements on 
(he Isle, of Shoals. Electric lights and 
miraculous railways will not appeal to therm 
Indeed, they were never reconciled to the 
substitution of a steamboat for the 
old-fashioned vessel. The ancient rough- 
net, of the surroundings, the very’ 
lack «f certain things that now 
are regarded as indispensable, were dear to 
t.,em ami occasional discomfort was thought 
eminently healthy. The past individuality 

f th' place must necessarily be mourned by 
the conservative, although the plans of the 
syndicate will, when they are carried out, uu- 
cv.btedly make the islands more attractive 
1 1 the great majority. 

The village of Grindelwald, which was 
almost wholly destroyed yesterday by fire, is 
known to thousands of Americans, vvbo were 
not as much interested in the manufacture of 
klrschu asser and in the herding of eatt e, 
the industries of the place, as in the upper 
and lower glaciers and the superb view of 
Alpine summits. Switzerland has suffoied 
strangely -this summer through lake and 
mountain disasters, and the destruction of 
Grindelwald will be a hard blow to the indus- 
trious men and women of the valley. 

Men that are inclined to smile at the pomps 
of churchly office may read with profit of the 
conduct of the Bishop of Guildford. His leg 
was broken in the accident at a horse show 
in Buxton; yet he exerted his authority m 
the relief of others who, as he thought, were 
injured more severely. The Bishop so dear 
to the men of Bunch and Life may be pom- 
pous and a little cynical, but in times of dan- 
ger and distress lie comforts even by Ins au- 
thoritv. The Bight Rev. George Henry Sum- 
ner, brave, as lie was in the scene of con- 
fusion, is one of many illustrious names In 

*u.. rt f flio B»hnrrli liniVBl'SJli* 

An evening contemporary finds “relief to 
the vulgarity of the announcement that 
Nancy Hanks has out-trotted all the trotters 
of the land” in the fact that the mare’ is 
owned now by a Boston man who is not re- 
sponsible for her name.” It is llard t0 see 
where “vulgarity” enters into the announce- 
ment of the great achievement of the male. 
The original Nancy Hanks was a brave and 
good woman and the mother of a President. 
Her memory is revived by the speed a good | 
and brave mare. A good woman is the 
noblest of all creatures, and next 
to her, in the estimation of thousands, is a 
good horse. If the namesake of the West- 
ern woman were condemned to the dreary 
circle of a brickyard or controlled in her 
motions by the bell of a liorso car, then 
would there be the vulgarity that approaches 
ignominy ; but to be thus honored in the 
history of trotting is a glory that is not en- 
hanced even by Boston ownership. 

The death of Hugh Mosher, who is said to 
have been the model for the painter of A au- 
kee Doodle,” calls attention to the, picture. 
The critic may say that it is crude, and lie 
may pick out at Ins leisure technical faults, 
but the spirit, the idea, carries irresistible 
conviction. The saucy defiance of the tune 
here assumes heroic form. The jingle of 
nonsense verses is turned into the sonoious 
lines of epic grandeur. 



The summer boarding house -is each year 
the scene of a comedy, a comedy in the 
larger sense of the word, for If farce enters 
tragedy is not therefore absent. The tragedy 
is not red; it is green; and yet hidden jeal- 
ousy, envy, backbiting, kill by slow degrees. 
If the temporary dwellers on the farm or by 
the sea live together by previous agreement, 
as students at college are “packed” for a 
secret society, the daily routine of amuse- 
ment may go till the end of summer, un- 
disturbed by slight jars or open and pro- 
longed dissensions. But the average board- 
ing house is like a barber’s chair, which re- 
ceives impartially all that seem able to pay 
for the accommodation. Men and women of 
widely different temperaments and opinions 
are thrown into close and enforced proximity. 
They see each other at all hours, seasonable 
and unseasonable. In disagreeable weather 
they are obliged to huddle together like sheep 
against the warring elements. They are 
obliged to undergo the severe test of eating 
in common. 

Propinquity is a powerful aid to marriage; 

it also greases the way to strife. The men 
at these boarding houses often take an early 
train for the city, and they are no more seen 
until after the heat and the burden of the 
day. They, as a rule, get along together 
comfortably; for man is naturally a gregari- 
ous animal. The women see each other con- 
tinually. They come from various parts of 
the country; they have local views concern- 
ing deportment and dress ; they have in- 
dividual opinions concerning the rearing of 
children. There are sudden and violent 
friendships founded on the mention of a 
common friend, or the secret consciousness 
of personal or social superiority. These 
friendships stand the test of a month or 
two months, and the parting com- 
pels mutual and loud protestations 

of intense interest in the future lives of the 
separated. Two women may, for instance, 
be townsfolk and strangers. The approach 
to intimacy is then more gradual; references 
are interchanged In a well-bred manner, and, 
after a reasonable time, they wonder why 
they never met before. They discuss to- 
other their neighbors and their husbands; 

they deplore the existence of the servant t 
problem ; they lay plans for the winter ; they i 
agree to go to the same gymnasium ; one j 
urges the advantages of Turkish baGis, and 
the other, in gratitude, recommends a favor- 
ite medicine. 

This intimacy is a thing of summer. After 
the return to the city there are chance meet- 
ings in street or in shop, and vows of imme- 
diate calls are registered. Perhaps there is 
an interchange, but the women are not the 
same and the intimacy sinks quickly to ac- 
quaintance. The discovery is made that the 
laugh that was jolly on the piazza is 
coarse in the parlor; or lurid wall 
paper exposes a lack of taste; or 
it leaks out that one has singular relatives in ] 
a cheap quarter of the city and that the other 1 
one never reads Browning. Each woman de- 
clares to herself that she has been taught a 
lesson. She resents the confidences that were 
exchanged. She feels a sense of personal in- 
jury. The discarded friend is a reflection on 
her jugdment. If her name is mentioned the 
remark is made, “ Oh, yes; I lived in a house 
with her last summer,” and there is a smile 
more terrible than any epigram or sneer. 
And yet each woman -the next summer, 
though in a different place, plays in the 
same comedy. 

The intimacy was never sincere. Com- 
panionship was sought as a relief from bore- 
dom. To keep this companionship alive con- 
cessions were made ; there was an abandon- 
ment of opinion ; there was unreasonable ad. 

Or there Is an explosion during the tem- 
porary exile. An ill-timed criticism of the 
manners of a spoiled child, a disagreement 
in which a question of propriety is the bone 
of strife, or undue attention to the business 
of another, serves as a lighted match. The 
husbands are made to take sides ; a mistaken 
idea of chivalry chokes common sense. 
There is commotion. There is a sudden de- 
parture or a gloomy stay. Fortunately, such 
scenes are rare. But the violent intimacy 
and the consequential decay of interest and 
faith are social phenomena that may be 
observed each season. The sight of a woman 
thus hunting friendship saddens the student 
of sociology. A friend is not caught in a 
lucky moment with a scood net. 


Mr. Whistler, the painter, takes a peculiar 
pleasure in his expatriation, and sneers con- 
tinually at all that pertains to America. His 
latest affectation, it seems, is to appear ig- 
norant of our form- of Government, and His 
epigram was compounded of the two distin- 
guishing characteristics of his wit, Insolence 
and self conceit. However, when a man of 
genuine fancy works constantly in the manu- 
facture of sharp sayings, he cannot fail to be 
occasionally amusing. In a letter to Ley- 
land, who invented the title “Nocturne” for 
Mr. Whistler’s picture, the artist wrote: 
“ You have no idea what an irritation the 
name ‘Nocturne’ proves to the critics and 
consequent pleasure to me.” 

The police of Swampscott drive about look- 
ng for unmuzzled dogs, that they may shoot 
them. They do not hunt them in the streets 
alone, they pursue them within the yards of 
their owners. It is true that in Swampscott 
and its neighborhood the public is still more 
or less excited over the recent deaths that 
are said to be duo to bites from rabid dogs, 
and the authorities have posted warnings to 
all owners. But dogs cannot read, and in 
spite of all precautions a family pet 
may take an airing without a muzzle, and 
run, waging his tail to the embrace 
of the killer of his kind. It seems 
is though a little more discrimination might 
lie shown on the part of the officials ; and 
there are authorities on dogs who claim that 
a muzzle is 'the very thing to goad an ordi- 
narily sensible dog to frenzy. 

There are now 3538 journals and magazines 
printed in Germany. The freedom of tho 
press has grown in proportion with the num- 
ber of newspapers. It is a singular instance 
if the revenges brought by the whirligig of 
;ime that Prince Bismarck has been instru- 
nental in taking off themnzzle which he was 
n former years so ready in applying to an in-l 
Jependent editor. He now sees the advan-j 
ages of a newspaper not menaced constantly 
with suppression by Imperial authority. 

The Loudon Standard, which is generally 
iignitied to the point of solemnity, waxes 
hysterical in the contemplation of our labor 
troubles. It refers, for instance, "to the 
Ignorant and dishonest plague of political 
jackals who have led Americans into the 
letid inarsho of protection.” Such illogical 
conclusions and turgid rhetoric are worthy 
of the, famous editor of the Eatonswill 
Gazette. Mr. O’Donnell and other high- 
priced laborers are described as men “ whose 
sarnings are filched,” and it is their “hunger 
.hat “develops the spirit, of the ravenous 
voif.” But how many workingmen in simi- 
a^positlons in England receive the wages 
^ald at Homestead or at Buffalo ? 

Tho innocent poor of New York suffer 

already from tho strikes at Buffalo, lho 

retail butchers have advanced their prices, 

•tnd veal, mutton and lamb are dear. The 
price of eggs has also gone up. W* ••**> 
take a seltish pleasure In the fact that the 
Grand, Trunk and National Dispatch lines 
are free aud clear, and there is at present 
little prospect of a scarcity of provisions. If 
there should be trouble on the Grand Trunk 
line we should probably be obliged to eat 
hogs or New England oxen and cows, and 
there are hardly enough of tho latter to go 

'round. . 

The Bible is to some excellent writers a 
commonplace book. By quotation from it 
others seek to give dignity to a platitude of 
their own device or to strengthen a weak po- 
sition. Prof. Jewett, in the preface to the 
last edition ai his translation of Plato, re- 
marks sensibly concerning this habit: Hav- 

ing a greater force and beauty than other 
language, and a religious association, it dis- 
turbs the even flow of the style. When 
adopted it should have a certain freshness 
and a suitable ' entourage. It is strange to 
observe that the most effective use of Scrip- 
ture phraseology arises out of the applica- 
tion of it in a sense not intended by the 

Lovers of Japanese art, and they are found 
among the painters and critics of all lands, 
will learn with regret that in the matter of 
' -mbossed wall paper the Japanese have 
■ thrown off individuality ami now borrow 
Venetian, Dutch, French and old English 
designs. Papers now used in London thus 
supply the want of pictures. But in wall 
decoration their water color workmen design 
panels :of original art. 

It may be a surprise to many when they 
learn that the eggs of Missouri hens are 
brought to Boston and sold here. 

The modern methods of packing and 
transportation preserve them in com- 
parative freshness. In Berlin the citi- 
zen and the traveler are often obliged 
to eat Italian eggs; and the desire 
for an egg of absolute freshness is to the 
average Berliner an acquired taste. 

Capt. Andrews, who has been spoken on 
his way to Huelva, is undoubtedly a reckless 
mariner in his attempt to reach the Spanish 
port in his frail craft, that he may partici- 
pate in the Columbian festivities. And yet 
Columbus, when he set sail for unknown 
lands, was regarded by the people of his day 
as foolhardy beyond measure, nor was the 
ship on which he embarked a sure defiance 
to the wind and the wave. 

Mr. T. P. Smith, in a letter published in 
The Journal of to-day, makes an excellent 
point in the presentation of his wish for a 
clear place in Water street. Not only is it 
true that open places are precautions against 
the spread of fires and aids to health, it is 
also certain that money is wasted often in 
architectural display by the disregard 
for opportunities of sight. Mr. Smith cites 
the instance of the Post Office Building, 
which cannot be seen from Washington . 
street. An excellent example of the advan- 
tages of location is the exposure of the new 
Public Library. Our foreign neighbors are 
wiser in this respeet. They pay as much at- 
tention to the site as to the building itself. 
We place our buildings apparently at ran- 
dom, forgetting that they are permanent 
things that will reflect later <5h our taste, or 
we affect to disdain “sentimentality” in 

2 2 . 

IXCOMI'I.nTE kooks. 

The index is a spur to spontaneity in these 
days, when so many are engaged iu'the trade 
of literature. The modern writer is a man of 
scrap books, slip envelopes, which are in- 
dexed carefully. If he is a novelist of (be I 
realistic school he can turn at a moment's i 
notice to the necessary documents; accounts i 
of disaster by tire and flood; reports of re- i 
Markable criminal and hospital eases ; in a I 
word, all that pertains to exposed humanity. I 
Charles Roadc made such collections before 
the Brothers Goneourt and Zola wrote from 
their pigeon holes. The modern critic of the 
i centre and the concert hall keeps a record 
of the men and the women on the stage; he 
indexes his own articles that lie may not 
contradict himself from year to year; for it 
is a singular fact that self-contradiction is re- 
garded by the multitude ns mental weakness 
or corruption; as though a man should not 
in WfULtilttlopiuenL discard former theories 

'in which ho once rejoiced, or live in a s^pffler' 

atmosphere as he escapes gradually rmn 
tile mastery of the arrognnee of passionate 
youth. Tho essayist examines the thoughts 
of the ancients before lie serves warmed-over 
epigrams and the opinions of others dis- 
guised by a sauce of piquant individuality. 
His sentence that flows smoothly and is quoted ^ 
is often tho result of patient research and 
multifarious reading, an illustrious example 
of ability to convert and condense. These 
men all delight in tho reading of indexes, 
which are indispensable tools of trade. 

And yet how careless or lazy in this respect 
| are the makers of books. Of what advantage 
are works pertaining to science, histories, 
memoirs, travels without a copious and cor- 
rect index? When books were compara- 
tively scarce, the reader was better able to 
trust his memory ; and yet in those days in- 
dexes were generally more complete than 
now. Fantastical writers pointed out to tho 
attention their whims aud caprices. Even 
novelists made a catalogue of reference to 
plot, incidents and reflections, as liichardson ! 
did in "The History of Sir Charles Graridi- 

It is not necessary to dwell on the impor- 
tance of an index to any work of a serious 
nature. But it may be claimed justly that 
all books of fantasy and imagination should 
be made thus Co serve the convenience of the 
reader. Theophile Gautier once said that lie 
had given up the reading of books and 
adopted the habit of committing the tables 
of contents to memory. Time was thus 
saved ; he was spared many weary hours ; he 
was able to shine in conversation and excite 
the envy of men who had frittered away 
weeks and months in the vain endeavor to 
become intimate with an author. In other 
words the generalizations of the writer are 
often better expressed by an index than by 
the tongue of the reader. It .is hardly possi- 
ble tiiat anyone to-day reads of the adven- 
tures of that sublime pri.”, Sir Charles 
Grandison; but a few minutes spent in 
glancing over the index of his actions and 
opinions would give a shrewd imposter the 
reputation of marvelous learning. 

The Germans arc masters in this work, 
and they shine in their dull drudgery- Yet 
it is doubtful whether in the history of Ger- 
man literature there is such a triumph of 
index making as the last volume of the Hill 
edition of Boswell’s Johnson. The French 
have been pre-eminently shiftless in this 
matter. Take, for instance, the life of 
Adolphe Nourrit. by Quioherat, a work in 
three heavy volumes, and a mine of informa- 
tion concerning the French opera during most 
interesting years; but the mine must be 
worked by the reader, unaided by the au- 
thor. who stopped with the word finis. Lately 
the French have shown signs of reformatio^ 
in this grave fault. An imperfect index is, 
perhaps, still more objectionable; an index 
that refers simply to proper names aud gives 
no elite to the thought of the author, or 
passes over the quaint details that we a 
solace in weary flours and notes only'com- 
nion places. Such an index enrages the 
reader of the three-volume edition os Bur- 
ton’s Anatomy of Melancholy. 

Each year the cottagers are later in the re- 
turn to town. The woods and the sea have a 
peculiar fascination in the late as well as the 
sarly autumn, and it Is no wonder that 
men and women leave them with regret. 
Exercise in the bracing mornings and cool 
evenings of the fall is not a rude and violent 
exertion. The dress of nature is 

gorgeous to the eye. The comfort of a wood 
fire encourages conversation or aids in 
pleasing meditation. The horizons of life 
and nature are extended. And so the 
fashionable season of amusement is de- 
ferred yearly a week or two, For the 
theatre of the town seems tame 
in comparison with the great show of Nature, 
and the conventionalities of the winter bring 
regret for freedom in the open. 

If, appears from the report of Prof. Dudley 
A. Sargent that the sight of Mr. John L. 
Sullivan, the celebrated play-actor, is in 
Usotf a liberal education. It also appears 
that no man has been so cruelly misunder- 
stood. He hns been taxed in the past with i 
laziness, but Prof. Sargent claims that “the ' 
economical way lie has of doing ordinary I 
things and the apparently sluggish and indo- 
lent manner he assumes when not in active 
exercise” are the characteristics of men of 
power who “conserve their energy for 
great physical or mental efforts.” Mr. 
Bullivan is also a “valuable lesson 
lor the American people,” and the “ women 
of the land can learn from this man’s physi- 
cal development ” how potent “ is the influ- 
ence of the mother ” in transmitting not only 
“the refined and delicate parts of her organ- 
ism, hut also the brawn and sinew that con- 
quers botli opponents and environments and 
sustains the race.” It is interesting to note 
in this connection that after a ten-mile walk 
Mr. Sullivan attended church yesterday, and 
was in such excellent condition that "he put 
a $50 note on the plate.” Alas poor Corbett ! 

The thoughtful will acknowledge readily 

tho bravery shown by Mr. Wl.ltcluw Held In 
visiting the home of his boyhood. There are 
no more unsparing critics of n public man of 
distinction than 1 lie men and women who 
played with him in youth. Tim .Senator is to 
them plain “ Bill,” and tho Judge is tho boy ' 
that once broke through the ice anil was j 
pulled out in time. No honors won m after I 
years can blind such eyes to youthful faults 
or acts of meanness. That Mr. Held was so 
heartily welcomed by his old friends of both 
parties is the highest tribute to his diameter; 
and when he said "It will be the proudest 
laurel I shall ever hope to win if at the end 
of my career it may still bo said that I have 
| never forfeited that regard,” the words were 
not merely the conventional flourish of, the ! 
practiced rhetorician. 

The Pall Mall Gazette says that the chief 
Issues of our Presidential contest are Free 
Trade, Civil Service Reform and t lie Labor 
War at Homestead. Not a word about the* 
•'Force bill,” which seems now to our " inde- 
pendent ” newspapers of such overweening 
importance ; and no allusion to Brother 
Dana’s Campaign of Education. 

Readers of Mr. Bonner's remarkable story 
in the last Scribner will be interested to 
learn that in Marion, S. a young negress 
died from “conviction” at a pro’racted 
meeting at a Baptist Church. .She had been 
shouting and screaming about an hour, when 
she gasped and went into what was supposed 
to be a trance. She had ruptured a blood 
vessel and was dead. 

The story of the Kansas farmers who 
turned outlaws and held up a train in such 
an accomplished and professional manner as 
to win the admiration of the Sheriff is an 
example of the possibilities of diversified 
labor. No explanation is given, however, of 
the sudden abandonment of their peaceful 
falling; but here is material for a novelist of 
the modern political-social school, as Mr. 
Hamlin Garland. 

It is to be regretted that in spite of all the 
improvements in marine architecture, the 
condition of the stokers is not bettered. 
Speed is gained by force-draught, and the 
stoker suffers accordingly. A writer in a late 
number of the Pall Mall Gazette made a trip 
from London to Plymouth as an amateur in 
this work, and his description of the life be- 
low should be read by all interested in 
humanity. He concludes his article by call- 
ing upon designers and engineers to devise 
some means by which the temperature may 
be reduced ; the handling of the fuel be done 
by some mechanical contrivance both in the 
stoke-hole and bunkers, and generally to 
better the existing conditions under which j 
marine firemen work. “They may be rough 
ami uncouth, but they are at least human ! 

The British public may be made up of , 
Philistines, but in spite of its many failings I 
it has an honest sense of decency. Its treat- ' 
ment of a notorious music-hall singer the I 
other night was severe, but deserved; and I 
the same feeling (hat once hooted Edmund 
Kean from a London stage moved the audi- 
ence of last week to rebuke a brazen woman. 

Is it true that tile race of play-actors is as 
irritable and censorious as that of poets or 
musicians? It would appear so from Mr. 
Frohmuu’s action. He lias Issued an order 
to i he effect that actors will not bo admitted 
after this to his theatres on first nights, free i 
of charge, as has been the custom. He gives ! 
as a reason that they have abused their priv- i 
iiege ; by indulging in unnecessarily severe 
criticism of his per.ormances. This, if his j 
fleiiei is well founded, is another instance of j 
tlie human propensity to be dissatisfied with I 
botli the favor and the giver of it. The 
habitual dead-head is the most severe of 
critics, and, singularly enough, if he is not i 
amused by a performance he often feels a 
sense of personal injury. 

According to Dr. Warner, tho greatest 
amount of defectiveness in the development 
of London children does not occur among 
the poor. “In the wealthier districts of 
London 12$ percent, showed deficiency, while 
j in the poor districts only 7 per cent, showed 
defects.” Prof. Probe! attributes this to the 
fact that "Poor children went about bare- 
footed, and thus their health was strength- 
ened. Particularly, they had business to do I 
for their parents. They played at their ease, 
while the children of the richer classes were ( 
driven about in little carriages, and were ; 
obliged for hours to be quiet.” This would 
appear to be a venemous attack on the per- 

e; who have shown their worth in the very 
towns invaded and subjected by the foreign- 
er'. The singers o£ Boston know to-day 
that they would receive engagements of 
more importance if they were of German 
birth : that they sing better than eertaiu for- 
eign rivals who have driven them from the 
stage is not taken into serious consideration 
by the authorities who have the matter in 
charge. Nor is it like!' that Boston is the 
only American city where this species of 
Cahenslyisiu exists. 

The weak conduct of the Governor of Ten- 
nessee, the tumult and the commotion, the 
rebellion and tne bloodshed, all these are 
iHces-ary perhaps before the people of the 
North and the South realize the evil of the 
ivsiem of convict-leases and the existetice of 
white and black slavery. It is not likely that 
the miners rebel from motives of philan- 
thropy: hut the', may be the unconscious in- 
strument* of, reform. This spectacle of iu- 
snrreetJe. >nd defiance of the law. that is so • 
r. onoxious to the true American citizen, may, 
'then, be regarded as an evil that works for 
ultimate right eousness. 

The Yale men of the last thirty years will 
hear with regret of the death of Jimmy 
Hill. He was neither a tutor nor a pro- 
fessor: he neither awarded conditions nor 
sat a: prize debates. His influence was ex- 
ercised in more subtle ways, for he minis- 
tered in a kindly manner to the stomachic 
v ants of the students. The short-lived gen- 
eraiions of collegians came and went as the 
leave s of N’estor ; Hr. Hill was present at the 
birth and at the death ; and he prospered, for 
he was a man of amiable disposition, who 
knew how to accommodate himself to the ca- 
prices of imperio us youth. 

\ correspondent of a Paris newspaper 
writes as follows from Bayreuth: “I must 

say that all the French visitors are perfectly 
sincere dilettanti. There is not a snob 
among all these faithful ones, who arc trans- 
ported into the seventh heaven during the 
Wagner performances, and whom you meet 
afterwards buying 1\ agner handkerchiefs 
and ‘Parsifal’ perfume.” It is a singular 
fact that Wagner is to-day undoubtedly 
judged with a more sincere and sane appreci- . 
at ion in Paris than in any other city of Eu- 
rope. Nor would it be surprising if, 10 years 
from now, the German disciples of 
Wagner would make their pilgrim- 
age to Faris to hear the musie- 
e ram as in perfection. At both the Grand 
Opera and the Opera Comique preparations 
» re now made on a grand scale for the pro- 
duction of certain of Wagner’s operas. It 
w as always the ambition of the restless man 
to be heard in Paris ; for he knew full well 
the supreme artistic sense of the french. 

Here is a curious instance of voice failure. 

An Atlantic City saloon keeper was sen- 
'enced to imprisonment lor violation of the 
>xcise law. He is now speechless, and not 
oecause lie is sallcn or conscience-stricken, 
out if the doctqrs may he believed, because 
be has had nothing to drink but coffee and 
water. In otheq words, his vocal chords will 
aot operate unless they are wet with whisky, 
which lie wa= in the habit of taking freely to 
remove ’’that husky feeling. 

The irritability provoked in a man by an 
inconsiderable' delay in his transit from the 
r,ee., ;1 to liis office is a triumph of the inani- 
mate and a reflection on the good 
M-nse of humanity. Time is not lost 
by -urli mental and physical inaction. The 
apparent waste of ten minutes does not im- 
pair seriously the machinery of business, 
and the world stiil revolves steadily. These 
minutes might be employed profitably 
in vacuous contemplation, just as 

the London Telegraph assures the 

reader that the time spent in being shaved 
bj a barber is a wholesome rest to the mind 
ni.d the body, provided, of course, that the 
harbor is not a lineal descendant of the gos- 
sip in the Arabian Nights. 

The older men and women of this local 
•eneration will lament the improvements on 
the M.- of Shoals. Electric lights and 
miraculous railway-, will not appeal to them. 
Indeed, they were never reconciled to the 
substitution of a steamboat for the 
old -f ash io oed vessel. The ancient rough- 
ness of the surroundings, the very 
Jack of certain things that now 
are regarded as indispensable, were dear to 
t, oii' and occasional discomfort was thought 
eminently healthy. The past individuality 
,f the place must necessarily be mourned by 
the conservative, although the plans of the 
. J ndieate ’ ill. when they are carried out, un- 
ooo htedly make the islands more attractive 
Ij the great majority. 

The village of Grindelvvald, which was 
almost wholly destroyed yesterday by fire, is 
known to thousands of Americans, who wore 
not as much interested in the manufacture of 
klrsch w asset and in the herding of catt e, 
the industries of the place, as in the upper 
and lower glaciers anil the superb v tew o 
Alpine summits. Switzerland has suffered 
strangely ' this summer through lake anil 
mountain disasters, and the destruction of 
Grindelvvald will be a bard blow to the indus- 
trious men and women of the valley. 

Men that are Inclined to smile at the pomps 
of churchly office may read with profit of le 
conduct of the Bishop of Guildford. His leg 
was broken in the accident at a horse show 
in Buxton; yet he exerted bis authority m 
the relief of others who, as he thought, were 
Injured more severely. The Bishop so dear 
to the men of Punch and Life may be pom- 
pous and a little cynical, but in times of dan- 
ger and distress lie comforts even by his au- 
thority. The Bight Bev. George Henry Sum- 
ner, brave as lie was in the scene of con- 
fusion, is one of many illustrious names in 
the history of the church universal . 

An evening contemporary finds “relief to 
tho vulgarity of the announcement that 
Nancy Hanks lias out-trotted all the trotters 
of the land” in the fact that the mare’ is 
owned now by a Boston man who is not re- 
sponsible for her name.” It is hard to see 
where "vulgarity” enters into the announce- 
ment of the great achievement of the mare. 

The original Nancy Hanks was a brave and 
good woman and the mother of a President. 

Her memory is revived by the speed ol a good | 
nnd brave mare. A good woman is the 
noblest of all creatures, and next 
to her, in the estimation of thousands, is a 
good horse. If the namesake of the West- 
ern woman were condemned to the dreary 
circle of a brickyard or controlled in her 
motions by the bell of a horse car, then 
would there be the vulgarity that approaches 
ignominy ; but to be thus honored in the 
history of trotting is a glory that is not en- 
hanced even by B oston ownership. | 

The deatli of Hugh Mosher, who is said to , 
have been the model for the painter of “Yan- 
kee Doodle,” calls attention to the picture. 
The critic may say that it is crude, and lie 
may pick out at Ins leisure technical faults, 
but the spirit, the idea, carries irresistible 
conviction. Tlie saucy defiance of the tune 
hero assumes heroic form. The jingle of 
nonsense verses is turned into the sonorous 
lines of epic grandeur. ^ 


The summer boarding house -is each year 
the scene of a comedy, a comedy in the 
larger sense of the word, for If farce enters 
tragedy is not therefore absent. The tragedy 
is not red ; it is green ; and yet hidden jeal- 
ousy, envy, backbiting, kill by slow degrees. 
If the temporary dwellers on tho farm or by 
the sea live together by previous agreement, 
as students at college are “ packed ” for a 
secret society, the daily routine of amuse- 
ment may go till the end of summer, un- 
disturbed by slight jars or open and pro- 
longed dissensions. But the average board- 
ing house is like a barber’s chair, which re- 
ceives impartially all that seem able to pay 
for the accommodation. Men and women of 
widely different temperaments and opinions 
are thrown into close and enforced proximity. 
They see each other at all hours, seasonable 
and unseasonable. In disagreeable weather 
they are obliged to huddle together like sheep 
against the warring elements. They are 
obliged to undergo the severe test of eating 
in commoD. 

Propinquity is a powerful aid to marriage; 

it also greases the way to strife. The men 
at these boarding houses often take an early 
train for the city, anil they are no more seen 
j until after the heat and the burden of the 
day. They, as a rule, get along together 
comfortably; for man is naturally a gregari- 
ous animal. The women see each other con- 
tinually. They come from various parts of 
the country; they have local views concern- 
ing deportment and dress; they have in- 
dividual opinions concerning tho rearing of 
children. There are sudden and violent 
friendships founded on the mention of a 
common friend, or the secret consciousness 
of personal or social superiority. These 
friendships stand the test of a month or 
two months, and the parting com- 
pels mutual and loud protestations 

of intense interest in the future lives of the 
separated. Two women may, for Instance, 
he townsfolk and strangers. The approach 
to Intimacy is then more gradual; references 
are interchanged in a well-bred manner, and, 
after a reasonable time, they wonder why 
they never met before. They discuss to- 
other their neighbors and their husbands; 

they deplore the existence of the servant 
problem ; they lay plans for the winter ; they 
agree to go to the same gymnasium ; one 
urges the advantages of Turkish baths, and 
the other, in gratitude, recommends a favor- 
ite medicine. 

This intimacy is athing of summer. After 
the return to the city there are chance meet- 
ings in street or in shop, and vows of imme- 
diate calls are registered. Perhaps there is 
an interchange, but the women are not the 
same and the intimacy sinks quickly to ac- 
quaintance. The discovery is made that the 
laugh that was jolly on the piazza is 
coarse in the parlor; or lurid wall 
paper exposes a lack of taste ; or 
it leaks out that one has singular relatives in 
a cheap quarter of the city and that the other 
one never reads Browning. Each woman de- 
clares to herself that she has been taught a 
lesson. She resents the confidences that were 
exchanged. She feels a sense of personal in- 
jury. The discarded friend is a reflection on 
her jugdment. If her name is mentioned the 
remark is made, “ Oh, yes; I lived in a house 
with her last summer,” and there is a smile 
more terrible than any epigram or sneer. 
And yet each woman the next summer, 
though in a different place, plays in the 
same comedy. 

The intimacy was never sincere. Com- 
panionship was sought as a relief from bore- 
dom. To keep this companionship alive con- 
cessions were made ; there was an abandon- 
ment of opinion ; there was unreasonable ad. 

Or there Is an explosion during the tem- 
porary exile. An ill-timed criticism of the 
manners of a spoiled child, a disagreement 
in which a question of propriety is the bone 
of strife, or undue attention to the business 
of another, serves as a lighted match. The 
husbands are made to take sides; a mistaken 
idea of chivalry chokes common sense. 
There is commotion. There is a sudden de- 
parture or a gloomy stay. Fortunately, such 
scenes are rare. But the violent intimacy 
and the consequential decay of interest and 
faith are social phenomena that may be 
observed each season. The sight of a woman 
thus hunting friendship saddens the student 
of sociology. A friend is not caught in a 
j lucky moment with a scoot) net. 

Mr. Whistler, the painter, takes a peculiar 
pleasure in Ills expatriation, and sneers con- 
tinually at all that pertains to America. Ilis , 
latest affectation, it seems, is to appear ig- I 
norantof our form- of Government, and his 
epigram was compounded of the two distin- 
guishing characteristics of his wit, Insolence 
And self conceit. However, when a man of 
genuine fancy works constantly in the manu- 
facture of sharp sayings, he cannot fail to be 
occasionally amusing. In a letter to Ley- 
land, who invented the title “Nocturne” for 
Mr. Whistler’s picture, tlie artist wrote: 
“ You have no idea what an irritation tlie 
name ‘Nocturne ’ proves to the critics and 
consequent pleasure to me.” 

The police of Swampseott drive about look- 
ing for unmuzzled dogs, that they may shoot 
•hem. They do not hunt them in the streets 
slone, they pursue them within the yards of 
their owners. It is true that in Swampseott 
and its neighborhood the public is stiil more 
or less excited over the recent deaths that 
are said to be due to bites from rabid dogs, 
and tlie authorities have posted warnings to 
all owners. But dogs cannot read, and in 
spite of all precautions a family pet 
may take an airing without a muzzle, and 
run, waging his tail to the embrace 
of the killer of his kind. It seems 
as though a little more discrimination might 
he shown on tlie part of the officials; and 
there are authorities on dogs who claim that 
a muzzle is "tlie very tiring to goad an ordi- 
narily sensible dog to frenzy. 

There are now 3538 journals and magazines 
printed in Germany. The freedom of the 
press has grown in proportion with the num- 
ber of newspapers. It is a singular instance 
jf tlie revenges brought by the whirligig of 
;ime that Prince Bismarck has been instru- 
ncntal In taking off tlie muzzle which he was 
n former years so ready in applying to an in-! 
lepemlent editor. He now sees the advan-j 
ages of a newspaper not menaced constantly 
with suppression by Imperial authority. 

The London Standard, which is generally 
Signified to tlie point of solemnity, waxes 
hysterical in the contemplation of our labor 
troubles. It refers, for instance, “to the 
ignorant and dishonest plague of political 
jackals wlio have led Americans into the 
fetid marslie- of protection.” Such illogical 
conclusions and turgid rhetoric are worthy 
of the famous editor of the Eatonswill 
Gazette. Mr. O’Donnell and other high- 
priced laborers are described as men whose 
warnings are filched,” and it is their “hungei 
.hat “develops the spirit of the ravenous 
volf.” But how many workingmen in siun- 
ar-positions in England receive the wages 
,ald at Homestead or at Buffalo''* 

The innocent poor of New York suffer 

already from the strikes at Buffalo, I he 

retail butchers have advanced their prices, 
ind veal, mutton and lamb are dear. The 
price of eggs has also gone up. We ma> 
take a selfish pleasure In the fact that the 
Grand Trunk and National Dispatch lines 
are free and clear, and there is at present 
little prospect of a scarcity of provisions, if 
there should be trouble on the Grand Trunk 
line we should probably be obliged to eat 
hogs or New England oxen and cows, and 
there ’are hardly enough of the latter to go 


The Bible is to some excellent writers a 
commonplace book. By quotation from it 
others seek to give dignity to a platitude of 
their own device or to strengthen a weak po- 
sition. Prof. Jowett, in the preface to the 
last edition of his translation of Plato, re- 
marks sensibly concerning this habit: “Hav- 
ing a greater force and beauty than other 
language, and a religions association, it dis- 
turbs the even flow of the style. When 
adopted it should have a certain freshness 
and a suitable ‘entourage.’ It is strange to 
observe that the most effective use of Scrip- 
ture phraseology arises out of the applica- 
tion of it in a sense not intended by the 


Lovers of Japanese art, and they are found 
among the painters and critics of all lands, 
will learn with regret that in the matter of 
•mbossed wall paper the Japanese have 
ihrown off individuality and now borrow 
Venetian, Dutch, French and old English 
designs. Papers now used in London thus 
supply the want of pictures. But in wall 
decoration their water color workmen design 
panels. of original art. 

It may be a surprise to many when they 
learn that the eggs of Missouri hens are 
brought to Boston and sold here. 

The modern methods of packing and 
transportation preserve them in com- 
parative freshness. In Berlin the citi- 
zen and the traveler are often obliged 
to eat Italian eggs; and the desire 
for an egg of absolute freshness is to the 
average Berliner an acquired taste. 

Capt. Andrews, who has been spoken on 
his way to Huelva, is undoubtedly a reckless 
mariner in his attempt to reach the Spanish 
port in his frail craft, that he may partici- 
pate in the Columbian festivities. And yet 
Columbus, when he set sail for unknown 
lands, was regarded by the people of his day 
as foolhardy beyond measure, nor was the 
ship on which he embarked a sure defiance 
to the wind and the wave. 

Mr. T. P. Smith, in a letter published in 
The Journal of to-day, makes an excellent 
point in the presentation of his wish for a 
clear place in Water street. Not only is it 
true that open places are precautions against 
the spread of fires and aids to health, it is 
also certain that money is wasted often in j 
architectural display by the disregard 
for opportunities of sight. Mr. Smith cites 
the instance of the Post Office Building, 
which cannot be seen from Washington | 
street. An excellent example of the advan- 
tages of location is the exposure of the new 
Public Library. Our foreign neighbors are 
wiser in this respect. They pay as much at- 
tention to the site as to the building itself. 
W T e place our buildings apparently at ran- 
dom, forgetting that they are permanent 
things that will reflect later §h our taste, or 
we affect to disdain “sentimentality” in 

2 i 

1X0031 IM.r.Ti: KOOKS. 

The index is a spur to spontaneity in these 
days, when so many are engaged in the trade 
of literature. The modern writer is a man of 
scrap books, slip envelopes, which are in- 
dexed carefully. If he is a novelist of the I 
realistic school he can turn at a moment's ! 
notice to the necessary documents; accounts i 
of disaster by tire and flood; reports of re- I 
nprkable criminal and hospital cases; in a I 
word, ail that pertains to exposed humanitv. f 
Charles Readc made such collections before 
the Brothers Gonconrt and Znia wrote from 
their pigeon holes. The modern critic of the 
theatre and the concert hall keeps a record 
of the men and the women on the stage; he 
indexes his own articles that he may not 
contradict himself. from year to year; for it 
is a singular fact that self-contradiction is re- 
garded by the multitude as mental weakness 
or corruption; as though a man should hot, 

•n ,U]cuk]Klopiuciir» discard former theories 

'in which ho once rejoiced, or live In a serPiior 

-atmosphere as he escapes gradually .com 
the mastery of the arrogance of passionate 
youth. The essayist examines the thoughts 
of the ancients before he serves warmed-over 
epigrams and the opinions of others dis- 
guised by a sauce of piquant individuality. 
His sentence that flows smoothly and is quoted ( 
is often t ho result of patient research and 
multifarious reading, an illustrious example 
of ability to convert and condense. These 
men all delight in tho reading of indexes 
which nre indispensable tools of trade. 

And jet how careless nr lazy in this respect 
are the makers of books. Of what advantage 
are works pertaining to science, histories, 
memoirs, travels without a copious and cor. 
reet index? When books were compara- 
tively scarce, the reader was better able to 
trust his memory ; and yet in those days in- 
dexes were generally more complete than 
now. Fantastical writers pointed out to tho 
attention their whims and caprices. Even 
novelists made a catalogue of reference to 
plot, incidents and reflections, as Richardson 
did in " The History of Sir Charles Grandi- 

It is not necessary to dwell on the impor- 
tance of an ihdex to any work of a serious 
nature. But it may be claimed justly that 
all books of fantasy and imagination should 
be made thus to serve the convenience of the 
reader. Theophile Gautier once said that lie 
had given up the reading of books and 
adopterl the habit of committing the tables 
of contents to memory. Time was thus I 
saved ; he was spared many weary hours; lie 
was able to shine in conversation and excite 
the envy of men who had frittered away 
weeks and months in the vain endeavor to 
become intimate with an author. In other 
words the generalizations of the w riter are 
often better expressed by an index than by 
the tongue of the reader. It .Is hardly possi- 
ble that anyone to-dav reads of the adven- 
tures of that sublime prig, Sir Charles 
Grandison; but a few minutes spent in 
• glancing over tiie. index of his actions and 
opinions would give, a shrewd imposter the 
reputation of marvelous learning. 

The Germans arc masters in this work, 
and they shine in their dull drudgery. Vet 
it is doubtful whether in the history of Ger- 
man literature there is such a triumph of 
index making as the last volume of the Hill 
edition of Boswell’s Johnson. The French 
have been pre-eminently shiftless in this 
matter. Take, for instance, the life of 
Adolphe Nourrit. by Quicherat, a work in 
three heavy volumes, and a mine of informa- 
tion concerning the French opera during most 
interesting years; but the mine must be 
worked by the reader, unaided by the au- 
thor. who stopped with tho word finis. Lately 
the French have shown srgns of reformation 
iu this grave fault. An imperfect index is, 
perhaps, still more objectionable ; an index 
that refers simply to proper names and gives 
no clue to the thou,. lit of the author, or 
passes over the quaint details that we a 
solace in weary hours and notes only'coni- 
mon places. Such an index enrages the 
reader of the three-t oleine edition of Bur- , 
ton’s Anatomy of Melancholy. 

Each year the cottagers are later in the re- 
turn to town. The woods and the sea have a 
peculiar fascination in the late as well as the 
early autumn, and it is no wonder that 
men and women leave them with regret. 
Exercise in the bracing mornings and cool 
evenings of the fall is not a rude and violent 
exertion. The dress of nature is 
gorgeous to the eye. The comfort of a wood 
five encourages conversation or aids in 
pleasing meditation. The horizons of life 
and nature are extended. And so the 
fashionable season of amusement is de- 
ferred yearly a week or two, For the 
theatre of the town seems tame 
in comparison with the great show of Nature, 
and the. conventionalities of the winter bring 
regret for freedom in the open. 

It appears from the report of Prof. Dudley 
A. Sargent that the sight of Mr. John L. 
Sullivan, the celebrated play-actor, is in 
Itself a liberal education. It also appears 
that no man has been so cruelly misunder- 
stood. He has been taxed in the past with , 
laziness, but Prof. Sargent claims that “the ! 
economical way he has of doing ordinary I 
things and the apparently sluggish and indo- 
lent manner ho assumes when not in active 
exercise” are the characteristics of men of 
power who “conserve their energy for i 
great physical or mental efforts.’’ Mr. j 
.Sullivan is also a “valuable lesson 
for the American people," and the “ women 
of the land can learn from this man’s physi- 
cal development’’ how potent “ is the influ- 
ence of the mother ’’ in transmitting not only 
“the refined and dclie.ate parts of tier organ- 
ism, but also the brawn and sinew that con- 
quers botli opponents and environments and 
sustains the race.” It is interesting to note 
in this connection that after a ten-mile walk 
Mr. Sullivan attended church yesterday, and 
was m such excellent condition that “ he put 
a 850 note on the plate.” Alas poor Corbett ! 

The thoughtful will acknowledge readily 
the bravery shown by Mr. Whludaw Reid In 
visiting the home Of his boyhood. There are 
no more unsparing critics of a public man of 
distinction than the men and women who 
played with him in youth. The Senator is to 
them plain “Bill,” and tho Judge is the boy ' 
that once broke through tho ice and was ! 
pulled out in time. No honors won in after 
years can blind such eyes to youthful faults 
or acts of meanness. That Mr. Reid was so 
heartily welcomed by his old friends of both 
parties is the highest tribute to his chniattor ■ 
aud when he said “It will be the proudest 
laurel I shall ever hope to win if at the end 
of my career it may still ha said that I have 
j never forfeited that regard,” the words were 
not merely tho conventional llourish of the 
practiced rhetorician. 

The Pall Mail Gazette says that the chief 
Issues of our Presidential contest are Free 
Trade, Civil Service Reform and the Labor 
War at Homestead. Not a word about the' 
“Force bill,” which seems now to our “ inde- 
pendent ” newspapers of such overweening 
importance; and no allusion to Brother 
Dana’s Campaign of Education. 

Readers of Mr. Banner's remarkable story 
in tlie last Scribner will be interested to 
leain that in Marion, *S. C., a j'oung negress 
died from “conviction” at a prn'racted 
meeting at a Baptist Church. She had been 
shouting and screaming about an hour, when 
she gasped and went into what was supposed 
to be a trance. She had ruptured a blood 
vessel and was dead. 

The story of the Kansas farmers who 
turned outlaws and held up a train in such 
an accomplished and professional manner as 
to win the admiration of the Sheriff is an 
example of the possibilities of diversified 
labor. No explanation is given, however, of 
the sudden abandonment of their peaceful 
calling ; but here is material for a novelist of 
the modern political-social school, as Mr. 
Hamlin Garland. 

It is to he regretted that in spite of all the 
improvements in marine architecture, the 
condition of the stokers is not bettered. 
Speed is gained by force-draught, and the 
stoker suffers accordingly. A writer in a late 
number of the Pall Mail Gazette made a trip 
from London to Plymouth as an amateur in 
this work, and his description of the life be- 
low should be read by all interested in 
humanity. He concludes his article bj r call- 
ing upon designers and engineers to devise 
some means by which the temperature may 
be reduced ; the handling of the fuel be done 
by some mechanical contrivance both in the 
stoke-hole and bunkers, and generally to 
better the existing conditions under which , 
marine firemen work. “They may be rough j 
and uncouth, but they are 'at least human 

The British public may be made up of 
Philistines, but in spite of its many failings 
it lias an honest sense of decency. Its treat- 
ment of a notorious music-hall singer the 
other night was severe but deserved; and 
the same feeling that once hooted Edmund 
Kean from a London stage moved the audi- 
ence of last week to rebuke a brazen woman. 

Is ;t true that the race of play-actors is as 
irritable and censorious as that of poets or 
musicians? It would appear so from Mr. 
Frohman’s action. He lias Issued an order 
to the effect that actors will not be admitted 
after this to his theatres on first nights, free j 
of charge, as lias been the custom. He gives ; 
as a reason that they have abused their priv- 
ileges by indulging in unnecessarily severe j 
criticism of his performances. This, if his j 
belief is well founded, is another instance of 
tiie human propensity to be dissatisfied with I 
both the favor and the giver of it. The 
habitual dead-head is the most severe of 
critics, and, singularly enough, it he is not j 
amused by a performance he often feels a 
sense of personal injury. 

According to Dr. Warner, the greatest 
amount of defectiveness in the development 
ot London children does not occur among 
i the poor. “In the wealthier districts of 
Loudon 12 § percent, showed deficiency, while 
in the poor districts only 7 per cent, showed j 
defects.” Prof. Frobel attributes this to the 
fact that “Poor children went about bare- 
footed, and thus their health was strength- 
ened. Particularly, they had business to do 
for their parents. They played at their ease, 
while the children of tiie richer classes were ‘ 
driven about in little carriages, aud were ; 
obliged for hours to be quiet.” This would 
appear to be, a venemous attack on the per- 



A yr kstiox or TiPri\u. 

The ceremony of uiarrlaco in these days of 
ex none civilization is an expensive pleasure, 
s - M\at some call t ue pleasure doubtful and 
the civilization ohromo. Not only docs tho 
bridegroom at the initiatory ceremony give 
hostages to fortune; he and the bride, direct- 
ly or through the members of the respective 
families are taxed in many ways. The eler- 
cvman, of course, is first of all so be consid- 
ered iu the process of feeing. If the vved- 
dhv* ceremony is in church, the oiganKt is 
i. aid for smoothing the way to the altar. 

There are gifts provided for the ushers, or 
tlu- maidens that watch the bride with tears 
or onvv. But why go through the catalogue . 

The custom of feeing is influenced in a meas- 
ure by local or more often by imported and 
prevailing habit. 

We look toward England for rules and 
regulations concerning the proper deuort- 

1 meat at weddings and funerals. There have j 
been instances of spontaneity and ingenuity 
in the actions of Americans on such occa- i 
sions, but they have been regarded justly as j 
eccentricities not to be praised, not to be ^ 

imitated. And bouse or church weddings at a 

still preferred by the majority to solemn 
rites performed in balloon or diving bell. At 
the same time there is no fixed rule concern- 
ing the proper amount of money that should 
be invested in the gift to an usher. There 
are Western gentlemen who act liberally. 

The Jishers are given the freedom of a 
briber shop. Neckties, or "articles of neclc 
wear," and gloves are sent to them in ample 
time. Not infrequently are jeweled pins or 
sleeve buttons distributed. But in the more 
prudent East the usher is often in suspense 
that sometimes leads to disappointment. 

It was thought by men of research that 

these things were ordered better in 1- ranee, 

for business at the church is conducted there 
on a cash basis. And yet a sad incident that 
happened lately at the Madeleine shows that 
the belief was without foundation. There 
i was a wedding of great ceremony; but the 
| ushers were not satisfied with the tip given 

I them by the bridegroom. Perhaps the latter 
lost his head; perhaps he was naturally 
stingy : we have no means of accounting for 

his action. The ushers did not demand an 
explanation, they did not present their cards. 
One of them forced his way to the carnage 
iu which the bride and the bridegroom were 
about to drive away, and held out his hanc , 
demanding noisily a larger sum. Two mem- 
bers of the police force fell upon him and 
dragged him back; the other ushers came to 
the rescue, and there was a free fight in Iront 
of the sacred portal. It is not recorded 
whether the usher succeeded in Ins claim. 
The newspapers of Paris discuss the matter 
at length. One of them suggests that the 
onlv solution of the problem 13 to pay the 
ushers adequately and abandon voluntary 
fees altogether. “ But," adds the writer, a - 
though there is not a Parisian who does not 
! share our view, there Is no one who is brave 
! enough to set an example or act up to his 
I convictions. Since this is so, the front of 
the Madeleine will remain the scene of these 
j free fights after wedding ceremonies.’’ 

The practical nature of this Parisian sug- 
gestion should appeal to all Americans who 
contemplate matrimony. The question , 

, might be discussed easily and fitly in t ie , 
columns of some of our Sunday newspapers 
! that devote so much attention to the doings I 
i and the sayings of "our best people. If 
judgment were thus pronounced, it would he , 
I listened to with respect by the upper-middle, 

I the middle, the lower-middle and even the 
1 low er classes, although the prolctaire would 
probably show deplorable Indifference. Or a 
new book on etiquette might devote a chapter 
! to the subject. This would be an agrecah e 
relief to the undue prominence given to table 
manners and the symbolical meaning of cor- 
„ .r-tiirned visiting cards. Whatever amount 
may be agreed upon, it should lie paid in 
indorsed by minors should be 


a* w< 

t, and all checks should be regarded 
ess unless the? are certified. 

Lynn is to have a new railway station, and 
the offer of the Boston and Maine Railroad is 
considered as “ a magnificent exhibition of 
that company’s liberality and willingness to 
meet tbe demands of travel and the present 
and future progress ” of the city. This sta- 
tion is needed w ithout doubt, and no one 




Lyun the future building. Would it 
■ell for the same company to consider 
, meut the needs of Boston? The 
station is sadly inadequate; the de- 
»f travel there are great; and the 
of the road, numbered by thousands, 
nvcnienced daily. 

The Black Monday of Boston hoys and 
girls coincs on a Wednesday, for tho public j 
schools will re-open September 7. There are : 
parents that will hail the announcement 
with delight; parents that are nervous, easily 
disturbed by the pranks of healthy animal 
spirits. Yet it is a serious question whether 
the opening should not be at a later date. 

’The first days of September are generally 
trying to the temper and the health, particu- 
larly if there Is a return from country roads 
and air to city streets. N’ov is knowledge ac- 
quired unwillingly under such conditions ot 
great advantage to the student. 

There is mourning at the seaside from the 
New Jersey to the Massachusetts coast. The 
waves of August arc treacherous, and under 
a clear sky breakers may he sent from a 
storm without that endanger the life of a 
swimmer. Too great earo can not bo exer- 
cised, particularly by women and. children, 
who are easily deceived by the kindly sun 
and the apparently friendly iuvitatiou of the 

A Western gentleman, who is now stop- 
ping in Swampscott, writes The Journal a 
note that is full of indignation at the barbar- 
ity shown by Massachusetts men and women 
in the docking of the tails of their horses. 

“ You have a law in this State against dock- j 
ing horses, and yet to a Western man it is I 
absolutely shocking to see the number of 
those noble and helpless animals deprived of 
their tails. It is simply a shame and an out- 
rage." This indignation is just. There is a 
law, and under it there was a conviction 
here a short time ago. There are women 
in this city who have protested 
together in newspapers against the practice. 
And yet flic inhuman habit prevails. The 
custom was imported from England, ns our 
correspondent suggests, but even there it lias 
been sternly rebuked by such an authority i 
on tlie horse as Mayhew. Many of our | 
women think that a docked tail lends dis- j 
'.inction to their appearance, in the road, and J 
in their opinion they are confirmed by lazy j 
grooms. Nor does the fact that the opera- J 
tion is cruel and the after discomfort great in 
sticky weather when flies abound seem to j 
convince them of the ferocity of their vanity. 

Housekeepers should lie on their guard 
against a Western concern that sends out 
circulars purporting to give instructions for 
preserving fruit by the “California cold pro- 
cess.” A correspondent of the New Y'ork 
Tribune has exposed the deceit. The details 
of the process, it seems, must be secured from 
the company, aud this is made possible by a 
payment of 88- Professor Hilgard declares 
that the preservative portion of the com- 
pound is salicylic acid, which preserves the 
color of the fruit, but is poisonous. 

Governor McKinley excites the pity of 
many because he wears a black frock coat 
when journeying, and it is said that states- 
men are obliged to consult conventionality 
and disregard personal comfort. This infer- 
ence is not well drawn from the Governor’s 
example. The late Hannibal Hamlin wore 
habitually the coolest of all summer 
costumes. It was a favorite habit of Matt 
Carpenter to speak from the stump in white 
flannel trousers and a velveteen shooting 
jacket, without a vest, and witli a cravat of 
exuberant proportions and florid complexion. 
And there lias been a great deal of earnest 
work done by Western statesmen in their 
shirt sleeves— the famous coat of arms that 
President Lincoln claimed. 

There is a ghastly controversy in the news- 
papers of Paris as to whether Itavachol, who 
was guillotined, pronounced the two last 
syllables of “Iiepublique" after his' head was 
cut off. It has even entered into the debates 
of the Academy of Medicine. The idea 
of the possibility of sensation or 
knowledge after such an execution is by no 
means new ; and certain philanthropists have 
argued therefore against the guillotine. Tho 
subject was discussed long ago in the elder 
Dumas’ “1001 Phantoms,” and lately by 
several short story tellers of the mcdical-fan- 
tastieal school. 

Kleptomania is supposed to be a disease of 
the rich and the fashionable, but it is doubtful 
whether burglary could be covered by this 
term- And yet the case reported 
from New Haven seems inexplicable, 
viewed simply from a criminal standpoint. 
A young man of good position, 
ipparently outside of ordinary temptation, 
breaks into houses at night and takes away 
clothing and jewelry. He is not accused of 
theft of money or valuable papers. lie must 
have known that the clothing would have been 
at once identified if lie had worn it, and he 
knew that it would have brought but little at 
the second-hand shop. Jt is a singular case, 
for society-burglars arc rare, although bank- 
burglars are often men of education and good 

There was a pigeon-match the other day in 
New Jersey with live birds, and there was 
"a large and fashionable audience." It does 
not seem strange, however, that women 
should encourage such wanton cruelty, for 
humming birds and other birds of bright aud 
attractive plumage appear again in the decor- 
ation of hats. Many of these birds are 
caught in the South of Prance on their ar- 
rival from Africa. Wires charged with elec- 
tricity offer them a friendly perch. 
Cruel nets are spread in field and forest. 
Last summer 15,500 of the poor 
were caught in two forests only, and it is 
estimated that in France alone 1,200,000 little 
birds were killed last year. All of them were 


The letters interchanged lately between 
Dr. Bulow aud Verdi are an interesting con- 
tribution to the curiosities of music, and they 
are worthy of a place in the future volume of 
Weckerlin’s series of collected scraps and 
memoranda. Dr. Hans Guido \on Bulow. 
the eminent jurist, wit, mimic, pianist, com- 
poser, editor and director, has for some years 
past been the Siiimei of the musical world. 

He has been in the habit of cursing musicians 
and throwing stones at them, and easting 
dust at them. He would profess often vio- 
lent admiration for a work or an intense 
friendship fora man, in order that he might 
make mischief iu a certain quarter. H ls 

tastes were as capricious as were his friend- 
ships. His behavior in public was such that 
charitable persons charged him with insanity. 

In the course of these amusements Dr. 
Bulow, took occasion to speak of Verdi, the 
greatest composer of opera who is now alive, 
in the most insulting terms. He had not the 
excuse of personal grievance, he could not 
defend himself on account of a burning zeal 
i for art. Verdi, an old. a modest, and a dig- 
nified man, made no reply. Within a few 
■ weeks Bulow apparently repented him of his 
: intemperate and unjust speech, and he wrote 
th^ author of “Otello ’’ a letter, in which he 
regretted his words and expressed his high 
appreciation of his personal and musical 
character. To this Verdi replied, and the 
letter is worthy of the attention of musicians 
and of those who have indulged themselves 
in the belief that all musicians are by nature 
arrogant, vain and narrow-minded. The let- 
ter is as follows: 

"You have committed no fault, and neitber 
repentance nor absolution cau be spoken of. If 
your present opinion differs from your former 
opinion, you have done well to say so, though 
1 should never have complained. And then 
who knows?— perhaps you were right before. 
However that may be. your unexpected letter— 
a letter from a musician of such importance in 
the musical world— has given me great pleas- 
ure, not on account of personal ambition, hut 
because it, shows mo that highly-placed artists 
can fudge without tho prejudice of nationality, 
school or time. If Northern and Southern 
artists have diverse tendencies it is well to let 
them be different. They should all be attached 
to tho proper characteristics of their respective 
nations, as Wagner lias justly observed. Happy 
you who are still the sons of Bach! And we 
we also who are the sons of Palestrina— had 
already a grand school which was truly our 
own. Now it has become a bastard art and 
shipwreck threatens; — if wc could only begin 
from the beginning.” 

Whatever may he the faults of the irritable 
Bulow, who was wronged cruelly by his 
first wife, who left him for Wagner, the man 
whom he befriended in sore need, he has 
been catholic in his musical taste, and he. has 
proved this catholicity in the making of his 
orchestral programmes. He was tbe friend 
and the champion of Berlioz.; he exerted all 
his influence for Wagner; he was one of the 
first to realize the genius of It is to be 
hoped that his repentance in the Verdi mat- 
ter is sincere, for Verdi is too great a master 
to escape the notice or provoke the flippancy 
of Bulow. As for the letter of Verdi, it is 
characteristic of the man. The popular suc- 
cess of his early operas did not turn his head. 

. intensely national, lie did not despise the 
; advance made in the operatic art of France 
and Germany, lie, the musical hero of Italy, 
did not disdain to leafn from the works of j 
foreign composers,; net that ho might iml- | 
t.ate slavishly, but that ha might accentuate 
' liis own individuality.' He has kept in line 
with tho musical advances of each successive 
year ; not from fear, as Meyerbeer, lest he 
should not be before the public, hut because 
he valued his art abqvq. all personal preju- 
dices. The composer <tf “Aida,” “Otello” 
and the “Requiem Mass” can appeal confi- 
dently to the judgment of Time, even if lie 
does not live to see the production of his 
“ Falstaff.” lie can afford to pardon Bulow. 

Persia is a remote land, and the news that 
hundreds are dying there dally from cholera 

excites only momentary pity. Nor does Rus- 
sia, -which suffers from the plague, seem a 
neighbor. But when there are over a hun- 
dred fatal cases of cholera in one day in Ham- 
burg, we begin to realize that the pest is only 
one week distant. Vessels come from that 
port to us in great numbers, and our harbor 
officers cannot display to great vigilance in 
exercising all known precautions. It has 
been a trying summer ; the streets of our sea- 
board towns are not too clean ; and the chol- 
era Is no respecter of persons. 

Mr. Labouchero is often amusing, and he 
is always amusing when he takes himself 
seriously. His statement as regards his 
exclusion from Mr. Gladstone’s Cabinet 
abounds in good things, as when lie regrets 
that the Queen is not pleased with him. “ I 
may not have seen eye to eye with Her 
Majesty, but 1 always have regarded her as 
strictly constitutional." Nor does he blame 
Mr. Gladstone, although the “sons of the 
horse-leech have been too much for him." 
It would be a matter of general interest to 
know Mr. Labouchere’s authority for thus 
increasing the family of the leech, for it lias 
hitherto been supposed that it was confined 
to “two daughters.” But the editor of 
Truth is irresistibly funuy when he speaks 
in feeling terms of his undying devotion to 
the cause of democracy and his willingness 
to be sacrificed in the cause. 

A San Francisco newspaper, discussing the 
question of the introduction of physical cul- 
ture and a grant of $10,000 for the benefit of 
the public schools, claims that “very few 
lady teachers could touch the points of their 
toes with the finger tips without bending the 
limbs, and very lew male teachers could per- 
form the feat.” For this reason it objects to 
light gymnastics, by a process of reasoning 
that seems feminine rather than according To 
Mill or Jevons. 

Now that the European Continent is the 
playground of the cholera, the American 
tourists think naturally of England. The 
island has a good repute for sanitation. It is 
said that the emigration of Americans this 
year lias been unusually large, and it is 
natural that the London newspapers should 
cail on English landlords to be 
wise and moderate, that foreigners 
may see the advantages of England as a sum- 
mer stamping ground. The British tourist, 
who complains of our hotels, should consider 
these words of the Pall Mall Gazette: “There 
Is no reason why an English hotel should be 
miserable in its accommodation and exorbi- 
tant in its charges, except that it is so little 
patronized. They will be full this year. Let 
them earn a good name.” 

Mr. Henry E. Dixey thinks that “ the the- 
atric is more of a profession than medicine, 
law or painting, for it is human.” At the 
same time he is despondent. The stage is 
not what it was once. The reform, accord- 
ing to him, must be worked by the actor- 
manager. There was a time when the thea- 
tre had “the entire sympathy” of the press 
and the publie. “Everything was done not 
with the desire alone to make money so much 
as to bring the talent of each member of a 
company to a perfect collective rendering of 
standard works." It must not be forgotten 
that it is “Adonis” Dixey who is talking; 
and it excites wonder even in this tired age 
to hear him lamenting the fact that “ pro- 
vided the principal actor secures a part that 
he does not think up to his standard he will 
not hesitate to take liberties with his lines 
and situations." It was this sauie Mr. Dixey 
who, during his last engagement in Boston, 
introduced a topical song of singular incon- 
gruity in the second act of “ The Mascotto ;" 
but perhaps he thought the part of Lorenzo 
not “up to his standard.” 

I The believers in the novel with a purpose 

j —such as Mrs. Humphrey Ward— will re- 
joice at the news that Mr. Frick proposes to 
distribute copies of Charles Itcade’s “Put 
Yourself in His Place’’ among the union 
and non-union men at Homestead. But 
Reade's novel is not interesting solely 
on account of his views on the labor 
question and the facts ihat lie wove into his 
story. He had the great gift of a picturesque 
style. He spoke with authority. He was 
never dull in description or in dialogue. So 
he made dry bones live. It must also be re- 
membered that Reade In "Never too Late to 
Mend” represents the cruel governor of 
an English jail weeping copiously over the, 
horrors of slavery as depicted in “Uncle 
Tom’s Cabin.” Whatever may be the effect 
of the book on the people of Homestead, 
they will at least have the pleasure of a few 
excited hours, and the booksellers will smile 
and rub their bauds. 

Tho New York Nation regrets that our 
Public Library “no longer exercises that dis- 
cretion which led it, by an enlightened view 
of its duties and its interests, to grant to 
persons actually engaged in author- 
ship, tho privilege of occasionally 
drawing books, although non-resi- 
dents.” It seems that at present 
the lonn of a book only “ for a few hours " 
is refused. But it does not occur to the 
Nation that a resident of this city may wish 
this very book “for a few hours ’’ and at the 
same time with the non-resident. Many j 
users of the library have found that i 
the books they needed, and thought surely I 
accessible on account of rarity or special na- j 
ture, were needed by some one else who had 
anticipated them. The residents have tho i 
first right to the public books, and there must I 
be a fixed rule in the matter, although the 1 
directors thus Incur the reproach of churlish- 

Tlie foreign critics who sneer constantly at 
Ihe “disgraceful scenes ” that are said to at- 
tend our elections may view with profit yes- 
terday’s performance at Derby. The Tory 
candidate who is running against Sir 
William Harcourt charged the latter 
in public with being a wife-beater. 
The mob then threatened to lynch the 
accuser, and “liar” and “coward” were the 
softest expressions heard. Mr. Atkinson 
then explained his language as Pickwickian, 
md finally retracted the charge. He then 
made his escape. And yet our public men 
iire accused of indulging in the most odious 
public recrimination. 

Rousseau would be delighted if he could 
hear the news from California, which cor- 
roborates liis theory concerning education. 
According to the San Francisco Call, 
Japanese boys who go to school with a few 
books under their arm are in the habit of 
stoning Chinamen who carry clothes-baskets 
on their heads. But this statement may be 
sprinkled plentifully with salt, for the 
animus of the Call is seen clearly when its 
chief comment is “The average American 
would gladly be rid of both.” 

How Freshmen in the men’s colleges where 
iiazing is still practiced, although in a mild 
form, must envy their sisters at Bryn Mawr. 
The older students call on the new comers 
and give them “ teas," and this “ attitude of 
cordial welcome ” is italicized by the custom 
of the Sophomores to give each year a play 
to the Freshmen in the gymnasium. Not to 
i be outdone in such social amenities, the 
Freshmen in turn play to the Sophomores, : 
and with the rise of the curtain baskets of 
roses are scattered over the members of the 
older class. 

coimtrtfrto the experience of tho world. 
Even iqfthos^e jlays of female independence, 
the daiyjlitcr ,nedtl.s the advice of hqr llmthcr. 

It is thff latter wi*o constructs tiro iwV^Txl^rtv 
pairs tie broken threads. She, best of all, 
know^Hlre weaknesses of men. A word 
from her will encourage tiro faint-hearted; a 
frown will turn, flippancy into earnestness. 
There are certain things necessary to success 
that uo girl of conventional training enn 
suggest or bring about unaided. Even 
the accomplished Miss Rebecca Sharp 
regretted once or twice the absence 
of maternal counsel. There is a 
freemasonry among the mothers. About 
to enter their daughters in the race, 
they feel a lively interest In the 
rivals. They find excitement in plots 
and counter-plots; they undermine the 
prejudices of tho mother of the youth, who 
looks with suspicion ou any forward girl who 
would rob her of her pride. Or go to more 
foreign lands, where those negotiations are 
simplified; it is the mother of the Circassian 
girl who regulates the character and the 
amount of the diet of her daughter, tiiat she 
may be sleek and comely. 

It is said that no one fears “the match- 
making propensities of a father.” This is 
undoubtedly true. Men are more easily de- 
ceived in the worth of the proffered goods. 
Ethelberta, in Thomas Hardy’s story, was 
not assisted materially by her father’s 
knowledge of his kind, although as butler he 
had peculiar opportunities for acquiring dis- 
crimination. The male parent may judge of 
the worldly position of a suitor, but lie has 
not the detective eye of his wife, the eye that 
never sleeps. 

The English girl, it seems, is now so inde- 
pendent that she flys in the face of nature 
and rejects the British matron. She is confi- 
dent of her own charms and her own judg- 
ment. She feels herself handicapped by the 
presence of a mother. But how does she 1 
escape, or how does she secure her private in- 
vitation? Is tlie reserve force attributed to 
the stout and judicious English woman 
merely a thing of fiction ? Can she not insist 
that where her daughter goes she accompa- 
nies? Or does the daughter protest agaiDst 
her mother’s wish? Let the latter be firm; 
let her be unmoved by tears or prayers. Let 
her remember the words of Mr. Frank Stock- 
ton: “Nothing is so terrible as a parent at 

Governor Flower has shown in the matter 
of the Buffalo strikes a firmness that is com- 
mendable, and in strong contrast with the 
performances of his predecessor on a like 
occasion. He did not hesitate to call out the 
militia when its presence was necessary to 
order, and the proclamation in which he 
offers a reward for the arrest and the con- 
viction of persons violating the provisions of 
the penal code relating to steam railways 
will have a salutary effect. 

The death of an ex-Governor excites little 
or no attention in these days of constant ro- 
tation in office, and iiis private career after 
withdrawal from the public is often death in 
life. How many, for instance, remember the 
Governorship of Myron H. Clark of New 
York, who died the other day. Yet his polit- 
ical career was marked in many ways. It 
was due to his firmness that the legal restric- 
tion to two cents a mile for railway passenger 
fares was enacted. He was the only Pro- 
hibitionist who ever filled tlie Executive 
Chair of his State. As Chairman of a Sen- 
ate committee he had, previous to his elec- 
tion as Governor, secured the passage of the 
Prohibitory Liquor law, which was sub- 
sequently declared unconstitutional by a 
majority of the Court of Appeals. He was 
the last Whig nominated to a State office 
in New York. 

Some of the gilded youth of New York pro- 
pose to run a line of post-coaches next sum- 
mer between that city and Newport. It will 
be under the management of Mr. J. Suffern 
Tailer, “an English gentleman who has had 
much experience in such matters.” This is 
the same Mr. Tailer who lately made a sen- 
sation in France. The line will 
not be established for money making, 
“but simply for pleasure." Now there 
are noblemen of England who are deeply in- 
terested in tho transport of the public; but 
they are more practical than American citi- 
zens. They buy aud control hansom-cabs, 
and charge a fixed price for their services. 

And there is a tradition that once when there 
was a scarcity of drivers, one of the owners, 
j a real Marquis, sat on the driver’s seat, 
handled the ribbons, and collected the fares. 

The distinction made by our Health Offi- 
cers in favor of immigrants from the British 
islands and Scandinavia is a compliment to 
the northern nations. The Italian, who 
comes from the land of beauty and of art; i 
the Frenchman, who boasts of the civiliza- 
tion of his country; the profound and mysti- | 
cal German; the Russian, who vaunts him- 
self on Tartar blood; all these are compelled j 
to undergo a scrubbing in hot water and soap, 
while their clothing and baggage are disin- ■ 
fected. ffl},e proud Spaniard joins them. ; 

The northern nations alone escape. 

q'he doctrine of retaliation is now applied 
to art, and the action of the Custom House 
officers at Detroit iu preventing a Canadian 
band from fulfilling an engagement in that 
city is the cause of the rejection of the offer 
of “Patsy ” Gilmore by the St. George’s 
Society of Hamilton. His band had before 
this assisted in the winter festivals of the 
town. But iu such retaliation the Canadians 
are the worse sufferers. There arc plenty of 
Canadian bands; there is only one Gilmore, j 
The people of Hamilton will miss his good 
nature, eyeglass, decorations and company of 
“ world famous and artistic soloists.” 

It will be remembered that Miss Anne 
Reeve Aldrich, who had won enviable re- 
nown as a writer of thoughtful and polished 
verse, died in June of this year at the ace of 
•.‘fi. Scribner’s Magazine for September 
•peaks of "the beauty, promise and even 
genius ’’ of her more ambitious poetry, and 
prints the following poem, dictated during 
lier short illness, when she was unable to 
write. She died before daybreak. 


I shall go out when the light oomes in. 

There lie my cast-off form and face: 

1 shall pass Dawn on her way to earth 
As 1 seek for a path through space. 

lshall co out when the light comes in. 

Would I might take one ray with me: 

It is blackest night between the worlds. 

And how is a soul to see? 

We speak contemptuously of a dog’s life, 
tad in the countries of Europe, where the ani- 
mals draw carts, and in our own cities, where 
they are muzzled, their life is not to be en- 
vied. But bow many men have traveled in 
ti:i» country as widely as Albany Railroad 
Jack, wbo has just returned from a tour ex- 
tending to the Pacific coast and down 
into Mexico. It is said that iu the 
last six years he has traveled over every line 
in the United States. He has the advantage 
over his rival, the drummer, for he is not 
obliged to solicit orders. He is a delightful 
companion, for he does not fret, he is not 
garrulous, he does not display hoggishness in 
jis claims on space, and he does not weary 
;he conductor with vain questioning. 


The summer season along the Massachu- , 
setts coast draws to its close. Cottagers may 
remain far into September, but they that , 

| put their trust in hotels or boarding houses 
! look toward the city or the mountains. The 
piazzas begin to be deserted. I he waiters 
redouble their attentions. The landlord's 
face, now that his calculations are based on 
facts, is the index to the past custom. There 
are other signs of the yearly farewell to the 
| shore. The expressman and the driver will 
soon turn to their regular employments, and 
I the inhabitants of the village will fold their 
iiands in hibernation. 

Chief among these signs is the return of 
certain males who still loiter for a da) to 
1 normal clcthir.g. This term “normal must 
i not be misunderstood. There is here no 
i reference to dress reform or similar) flan- 
i ncls. But men who have for a season worn 

| strange disguises now resemble their fellows 
and are fortunately without the distinction 
that excites humorous comment. A few ex- 
j amples will be directly to the point. 

There is a young man known to all fre- 
quenters of summer resorts. He is gener- 
, all) thin, with effeminate manners and with 
j a stoop. He is passionately addicted to 
cigarettes. His favorite amusement is to sit 
on the piazza in company with others of his 
kind, ar.d as they blow the sickening smoke 
that pollutes the salt air they discuss gravely 
the natural and the artificial charms of female j 
celebrities of the, “comic opera.” They row 
not, neither do they sail. Tennis is an exer- 
tion, and the exercise of quick walking is to 
them rude and ' iolent. Their physical regi- 
men is confined to a game of billiards, and 
whmi they are thus fatigued they lean on an 
adjacent bar. Vow the favorite dress of 
these young men is the “sweater,” the gar- 
ment of athletes. They appear in it at break- 
fast; they wear it at dinner; it is possible 
that in it they lie down and sleep. The In- 
^ougmity of the costume of sweater, flannel 
trousers with rolled up bottoms and a sport- 
ing cap is a delight to the judicious. The ( 
sweater seems to have driven out the blazer, 
just a- -hirts of silk and cotton have effaced 
t ; ;e memory of flannel. But now the days of 
the sv :ater are numbered. 'I lie wearer is ^ 
seen in t.v- well-known costume that is dear ; 
to the dudedom of the tow n. i 

The young man who is closely associated, . 
althojgn In a subordinate capacity, with I 
large “dry good* establishments,” is seen no 
longer. It was his habit morning and even- j 
v'^as he went to and from business, to 
carry jauntily a tennis racket protected by . 
its n. at covering. He was ntv'-r noticed on ■ 
the round. He served customers in town: | 
not U within the lines of chalk. If he | 

now runs down lor an evening he carries a 
cane or an umbrella. So, too, llio singular 
species of the male sex that played at tough- 
ness has returned to civilization. He no 
longer walks as though lie were a fancy man. 

He has abandoned his swing, his shrug. 

His hat is adjusted carefully to his 
head. lie, no longer seeks to impress the 
waiter or his table neighbor. Hie briar- 
wood pipe that he smoked so defiantly in 
public is exchanged for a mild cigar. His 
manners are amiable, and it is reported that 
ho says “sir” to old gentlemen. 

The cap that made even a man of extreme 
intellectuality look like a deck steward on an 
oceau steamer has disappeared. Such caps 
are never seen exposed for sale in city streets 
or windows. They appear suddenly in a sea- 
side village, like Jonah’s gourd. They are 
worn by men both thin and stout, and of 
widely differing facial construction. And, 
lo, suddenly they are gone. Nor on the occa- 
sion of a hotel festivity is there from station 
to piazza a procession of tired beings, armed 
each with a dness-suit case, their offering on 
the altar of conventionality. The woman 
\ who now remains does not look disdainfully 
at the sack coat, even if it be of the pepper 
and salt description. 

These and similar familiar sights of sum- 
mer are things of the past. The return to 
the routine of city life is heralded by the 
return to orthodox garments. It would be 
interesting to know the fate of the discarded 
caps and sweaters. They are not used in [ 
winter. Are they stored away as ammuni- 
tion for the next campaign, or do they serve I 
as fees to the expectant waiters and bell- I 
I boys? | 

The presentation of the illuminated album 
y Capt. Platt, the son of the Mayor of 
iloucester, England, to the Mayor of the 
Mty of Fisheries, was a graceful compliment 
*om the old town to its namesake. The 
speech of the Englishman was short and 
characteristically blunt; but theie was 
hearty good will in every lime, and lie evi- 
dently realized the character of the celebra- 

By a singular irony the humane Gladstone 
accused of cruelty in continuing the 
post of Master of the Royal Buckhounds. 

The duties of this office are concerned with 
the sport of deer hunting with dogs, which 
is. according to many, a barbarous amuse- 
ment. It is needless to say that the news- 
papers which bring the charge are Liberal, 
for the conservatism of the Tory squires is 
seen in its full bloom in tbeir limiting, and it 
is not improbable that they would prefer na- 
tional dismemberment to the abolition of 
“ riding to hounds.” Nor have the efforts of 
more enlightened persons been able to con- 
vince the modern Bersekers of the cruelty of 
their purs uit of the fox and th e deer. 

Antiquarians have claimed that the idea 
of the telephone was not unknown in Eng- 
land long ago, and they base their supposi- 
tion on a singular passage in Camden’s Eng- 
land. But a more curious illustration 
of prophecy, or a coincidence of fact and 
fiction, is a passage in Voltaire’s “ Microme- 
tras ” whiefi is pointed out by a correspond- 
ent^ the,Ncw York Tribune. IE reads as 
•follows : “ When they took leave of J upiter, 

they traversed about 100,000,000 of leagues, 
ind coasting along the planet Mars, which is 
(veil known to be five times smaller than our 
little earth, they described two moons sub- 
servient to that orb, which have escaped the | 
observation of all our astronomers. ” 

The failure of a worthy reform in a Wis- j 
;onsin summer resort is complete. Summer 
?irls organized themselves into an anti- 
smoke society, pledging themselves solemnly | 
not to dance or talk witii any young man j 
whose breath smelled of smoke. One wily : 
girl stood aloof and declined the invitation. 
She became in one day the belle of the vil- 
lage. The summer young men thronged 
around Her, and “ sometimes she had ten 
sscorts at once.” As an inevitable result 
ihe society disbanded. In this connection it 
.s pleasant to learn that the tobacco crop in 
she Connecticut and Housatonlc valleys is 
one of remarkable promise, and the present 
prices are the highest since the days of the 

Civil War. 

The city of Mexico saw last Sunday a 
strange and memorable sight. The anni- 
versary of the agony of Guatemozin, the last 
of the Aztec Emperors, was celebrated. It 
will be remembered that Cortez put lus 
captive to the torture in order that he might 
reveal the treasure which ho was supposed 
to possess. The Emperor bore the ordeal like 
a stoic. Sunday last President Diaz, at the 
head of the Mexican army and in presence 
of a great crow d, paid homage to the memory 
of the brave man. Speeches were made in 
Aztec and in Spanish, tlip languages of the 
tortured and the inquisitor. 

It is said that Director Leach, of the United 
states Mint, is not altogether pleased with 
the design for the Columbian souvenir coin 
provided for by the act of Congress approp- 
riating $2,500,000 for the Exposition. The i 
obverse carries a head of the discoverer, de- | 
signed after a portrait in Chicago; but it is j 
well known that there is no authentic por- i 
trait in existence. On the reverse is an ele- I 
vation of the Administration Building of the 
Fair. Mr. Leach can not be too particular in 
his choice of a design. The coinage of a 
country is, as a rule, an index to the charac- 
ter and condition of its art, and although 
there has been improvement here in the at- 
tention paid such matters, our coinage does 
not as yet equal in beauty of design that of 
England o r France. 

The defeated and disgusted switchmen 
now quarrel among themselves. Nor do 
;hey seem to stand in awe of the authority 
jf their own officers. For one of the dis- 
contented remonstrated/with Master Work- 
man Sweeney by putting the head of the dic- 
tator against a telegraph pole and then 
“ punching and pounding it until he 
was pulled away.” Such personal vio- 
lence is, of courses to be deplored, 
and the demand of the assailant 
was preposterous ; but if the episode in con- 
nection with the failure of the strike leads 
Mr. Sweeney to consider carefully the fact 
that the demands of a workman, even when 
they are just, are not aided by deeds of law- 
lessness, the “punching and the pounding ’’ 
will not have been in vain. 

Mothers are apt to reprove their children 
for lying flat and outstretched when they 
read. Dr. Lauder Brunton, in his investiga- 
tion of the secret of having ideas at will, 
placed himself in various positions, and 
found that his mental activity was greatest 
vhen he was flat on a table. “ Then ideas 
nibbled up in his mind.” The moment he 
raised his head his mind became an utter 
dank. If the doctor’s theory is confirmed, 
nftice furniture will be revolutionized, and 
?ven the practice of reclining at dinner might 
be introduced with advantage to the conver- 
sation. | 


To express in fitting terms the lively ad- 
miration and the sense of personal affection 
excited by the life and the works of Oliver 
Wendell Holmes would require the wit, the 
fancy and the humanity of the autocrat him- 
self. The citizen who is so honored by his 
townsfolk, the professor who is remembered 
60 gratefully by many of his calling, the 
writer who delights two continents might 
well dispense with eulogy at this lato day. 
Yet it would seem ungracious to allow 
the anniversary of his birth to go by 
■without renewed acknowledgments of grati- 
tude for the generous employment of the 
many talents given him by nature. 

While it would be an impertinence on this 
occasion to criticise his work or pronounce 
solemnly a judgment, the gayety of his ripe old 
age may well suggest an inquiry into the 
character of the wit and the humor of his 
books. And, first, he is by no means a 
humorist in the ancient sense of the word. 
Blood he has in plenty, it is true; but choler, 
phlegm and melancholy, the three other 
humors of the old physicians, do not control 
him. If humor be a term applied loosely as 
a tag to the “ talent for kindly pleasantry 
or jocularity,” then is he most humor- 
ous. Or if wit be “ that which 
excites agreeable surprise in the mind 
from the strange assemblage of related 
images presented to it,” then is he the living 
definition. The humor is always restrained, 
as by a sense of scientific accuracy in the 
proportion, nor is it ever too exuberant. 
The wit is not malignant, it is not corrosive. 
The peculiar characteristic of his style is a 
compounding of many simples. There is 
the quick thrust of cold steel as iu Voltaire, 
but no sardonic laugh follows the successful 
attack. The wound is quickly healed by the 
kindly or noble utterance that serves as a 
medicament. It is not improbable that even 
when Dr. Holmes was most in earnest and 
challenged the disciples of Dr. Hahnemann, 
ho felt a secret pity for his antagonists. 
There is the sense of the absurdity of a 
wretched play upon words that was also 
characteristic of Lamb, and there is the art 
of introducing the pun as though it were fit only 
for mockery. There is the American shrewd 
common sense that finds relief in exaggera- 
tion and hyperbole and yet turns them into 
ridicule. There is the true democratic spirit 
that sees through the shams and the aff ecta- 
tions of snobs and demagogues alike, and 
acknowledges the value of substantial I 

things. Abovo all I.v tho feeling of chanty 
for tho imperfections and the fallings of man. 

In Paris, where lie spent glad days, de- 
scribed so pleasantly in Iris latest book, Ur. 
i H dimes learned other things beside theories 
of medicine and surgical p radices. Proba- 
bly without direct application, and rather by 
assimilation or absorption, he gained the 
mastery of striking a blow in a few words. 
The blow might be aimed at the risibility of 
tho reader; it might he the instrument of a 
sterner purpose; but there was no time 
wasted in preparation or in execution. To 
express clearly a clear thought is the privi- 
I lege of the French. It is said that sturdy 
Dutch blood is mingled with English blood 
j ill the veins of Dr. Holmes; but the light- 
ning play of his spirit is eminently Gallic. 

Many of tho English-speaking people find 
In tlie arguments as well as in tho epigrams 
of the French a taint of insincerity. Their 
suspicion is undoubtedly unjust. It may be 
true that every Frenchman writes with one 
eye on his manuscript and one on the out- 
i side world; perhaps lie is always a 
| comedian, even when he is seriously 
! inclined. But the mind of Dr. 

Holmes, although it finds expression in 
sentences of Gallic clearness and Gallic wit, 
is moved by feelings of sincerity and 
humanity. He is in earnest when he in- 
dulges in quips and cranks. The jesting is 
never idle. He is often righteously indignant 
when he is apparently careless, and shooting 
his arrows tipped with irony skyward and at 
random. So, too, the poet who mado such 
merry rhymes sang the need of Divine con- 
solation in hours of darknoss and distress, 

| or, in thinking of the chambered nautilus, 
enlarged his soul. It surely is not the least 
of his comforting thoughts to-day when he is 
! conscious of the love and admiration of troops 
of friends, and realizes fully tiie accompani- 
ments of honored age, that the wit and the 
humor which were peculiarly his were never 
employed save in innocent amusement, 
j the correction of abuse, or the shaming of 
men and women that they might lead fuller 

The lover of Nature turned townward from 
the sea this morning with regret. The sky 
was leaden, and the wind was shrill ; but the 
surf roared along the coast. Sjjcb weather 
drives the careless summer guest to the' city ; 
but he that loves the sterner moods of Ocean 
does not miss the holiday dress and the undue 
familiarity with the mighty element. 

To-day is the anniversary of the birth of 
Hannibal Hamlin. He was born in the same 
year that first saw Oliver Wendell Holmes, 
and there was a difference of only two days 
in the date. It is well to keep in mind such 
anniversaries and the memory of those who 
have aided in the building up of this Repub- 
lic. It is not mere sentimentalism ; it is the 
proper respect paid by the patriotic of all 
lands to their distinguished men. 

It appears that the people of Oberammer- 

K never intend to appear in the “ Passion 
y ’ at Chicago. And therefore the talk 
Hid the printed discussions were a waste of 
words. Nay, more; they are indignant, and 
they speak of the report as a “ malicious in- 
vention.” This is welcome news to many 
who, impressed by the solemnity of the 
i JJhfSKMis festival in Bavaria, were loth to see 
the mystery or Passion play produced at 
Chicago amid incongruous surroundings. 

I he people of Oberammergau say that it will 
aot be given in their own village before 1900. 
unfortunately their service of worship is, to 
many idle tourists, merely a theatrical show, 
to be seen as one of the sights of Europe. J 

There is a new dictator in Venezuela, wi 
the customary accompanying circumstanci 
such as the arrest of Senators, preparatio 
for battle, and “great excitement” of the i 
habitants. The governments of these Sou 
American republics is unfortunately not u 
Uke the definition of an ideal system, i. 

■ absolute despotism tempored by occasion 
assassination. It was only the other day th 
the Pall Mall Gazette called upon Mr. H« 
bert Spencer to examine thoroughly tl 
5>outh American revolution from a scienti: 
standpoint. “A mere chronicling of blooc 
battles, diversified by executions, gives us i 
clue. Is it race, or climate, or bad instit 
tions that make the inhabitants so restles 
and so unpleasantly violent in their restles 

Our newspapers are even now filled wi 
prescriptions and remedies against the ch 
era. As water is said to bo the easiest a; 
surest source of pollution, it is well that 
should be boiled, and there is danger of cc 
tagion also from polluted ice. But Sir Ric 
ard Quain has suggested an ingenious pi 
caution in the latter instance. In a letter 
to the London Times he writes as follow 
My advice is to boil ice before using it 
Those who have lived in London, where i< 
is exhibited in restaurants almost as a rarit 
art 1 approciato 41,8 moro this use of th 

Mrs. Frank Leslie- Wilde announces pub- 
licly that she left Mr. Wilde in Europe 
because “the climate of America is too ex- 
hilarating and affects him peculiary, as his 
nature needs repose.” This is an instance 
that might be used in support of the theory 
of Buckle, that man, with his institutions, is 
fashioned largely by the climate. At the 
same time, there are towns In our own 
country where Mr. Wilde would not find him- 
self excited, if the descriptions that travelers 
give of Philadelphia may be believed, or if 
Dr. Holmes is correct in his opinions con- 
cerning certain New England towns. 

Mr. Bennett, in Ills address on “The En- 
lowment Craze in Massachusetts ” before 
die American Ecopotnio Association at 
I Chautauqua, cited the following amusing 
instance of the extravagance of tiie managers 
of the endowment societies. One of the offi- 
cers of tiie “Order of tiie Golden Lion” 
stated before Justice Allen of tiie Supreme 
Court that he was the Supreme Chaplain of 
the order, and tfiat his duty was to open the 
Supreme Session with prayer. This session i 
was held once in two years. His Supreme ' 
Salary was .$7500 per annum, and therefore 
his prayer cost the members just $15,000. It 
is true that his qualifications for the office 
were peculiar, lie had served diligently as a 
clerk in a grocery store at $15 a week. 

The Englishman by his growling may make 
himself obnoxious to traveling companions 
and foreigners, but lie. distributes his growls 
impartially and they often work good results. 
Just now there is discussion in tiie English 
newspapers concerning tiie “mystery, pro- 
crastination and compromise” in the selec- 
tion of the. designs of the new coinage. 

“ In matters of art our authorities, 
if they are not always successful, are at least 
always dilatory.” Other comments of a simi- 
lar nature are made freely. And yet the 
English coinage has for years commanded 
the respect of foreign critics. Tiie Mint 
authorities are thus encouraged by their 
countrymen, who believe that eternal vigi- 
lance is the price of national and public art. 

The news of the destruction of the Metro- 
politan Opera House in New York will be 
heard with regret by all interested in tiie cul- 
tivation of tiie opera. Its erection was, in a 
measure, a protest against the abuses that 
had crept into the management of opera 
in New York and an attempt to 
remove tiie reproach that was then justly 
brought against the opera as a form of art. 
The Metropolitan may have been the scene 
of musical fanaticism a year or two ago, but 
the fanaticism was eminently sincere and i 
was intended to make for musical righteous- 
ness; and by performances given in that 
house the death blow was given to the intol- 
erable “star-system” that for years had in- 
jured music in this country. 

juancer discusses the recent 
bicycle racing in this country, and pays 
especial attention to the dispatch riding. 
While it admires the endurance of the riders, 
it warns tire cyclist of the dangers to which 
he exposes himself. “ The heart knows no 
rest from full activity, and the elastic coat of 
every artery in his body is in full 
tension. In some instances such is the ten- 
sion that tiie man literally propels himself in 
what may be called blindness. His legs work 
automatically, and his course is directed in a 
manner very little different.” There is no 
question of the value of the exercise gained 
in the moderate- riding of a bicycle. But 
there is no doubt that feats of long endur- 
ance are apt to superinduce organic degener- 
ation. These solemn words of the Lancet 
are well worth heeding : 

“^lan is not ail engine of iron and steel, but an orcan- 
ism ot flesh and bone and blood tliat has to be renewed 
■ rom day to day and from hour to hour, and his enerav 
is not roughly chemical, but vittl In Its nature: he is con 
stmeted lor other and nobler purposes than mere en- 
lf , !le throws himself into mere engine 
work he will soon become an engine so disabled thafhis 
^111 fall into death before he has reached what 

WOuld be the prlme perlod of vit *l 

Mr. Howells, the son of the novelist, has 
passed a brilliant examination for admittance 
to the Ecole des Beaux Arts. This is grati- 
fying to his parents and friends, and indi- 
rectly to American pride. The Government 
of France, in all matters relating to 
»rt and science, has for years treated 
foreigners most generously. It has given | 
opportunities for free instruction, it has i 
rewarded publicly the deserving of all nations. 
Does not gratitude alone demand the aboli- 
tion of duties on the paintings of French 
artists ? Artists are not made or developed 
by such duties. The more good pictures that 
are seen in this country, the better will our 
artists paint, and tho healthier will bo the 

I jpnp.vM noadiiicn of e.rh ^ 

j The celebration of tho seventy-fifth anni- 
versary of tho Asylum for tho Deaf and 
I Dumb at Hartford is a sad and yet a Joyous 
occasion. Gratitude is manifested by many 
only by signs; and others pour out thanks- 
giving in words that ai;e not heard by them. I 
and nre not heard by those to whom they V , 
speak. Tiie discoveries made in tiie possible \ 
education of deaf-mutes, and the rescuing of j 
unfortunates from tiie land of silence, are l 
among the triumphs of our modern civiliza- 

The Emperor William will not listen to the 
suggestion that prayer for the abatement of 
tiie cholera be ordered officially throughout 
Prussia ; but lie believes that tiie widest pub- 
licity should be given to tiie facts in tiie case, 
and he scouts the idea that any concealment 
of the deatli rate will prevent panic. It will 
be remembered that Palmerston onoe angered 
many good people in England who asked for 
a day of national humiliation in a time of 
pestilence. He replied to the effect that they 
should first look sharply to tiie drains and 
exhaust all human precautions. 

Mr. James J. Corbett declares in an open 
letter to the public that be is ambitious, and 
therefore he wishes fb stand up against Mr. 
Sullivan. “ If I should win, I shall become 
an actor.” This rasli statement will surely 
array all playwrights, play-actors and lovers 
of tiie drama against the ex-bank clerk from 
California, for they are hardly reconciled as 
yet to the appearance of Mr. Sullivan on the 
dramatic stage, although he is said to bean 
earnest student. 

Another tragedy has been added to the 
catalogue of Norman’s Woe. The reef is 
made terrible to those who have never seen 
it by tiie familiar lines of the ballad of Long- 
fellow, just as tiie Inclieape Rock, which fur- 
nished material for the verse of Southey, 
excites tiie imagination of foreign readers. 

It seems that the retainers of Queen Vic- | 
toria do not look forward witli pleasure to 1 
the Highland season at Balmoral. The gil- 
lies, gamekeepers and the rest will not be 
allowed daily rations of beer and whisky, 
but they will receive money instead. The 
new pipers must be total abstainers, and in 
laying down this regulation tiie Queen shows 
great good sense as well as a maternal regard 
for the neighborhood. A piper in the full 
possession of his senses is as terribre as an 
army with banners; but the mind recoils at 
the thought of a bagpipe played without dis- 
cretion, and with tiie garrulousness and the 
exuberance of intoxication. 

Of all forms of revenge, that adopted by the 
discharged cook of Mr. Hiram Sibley of 
New York, is about as subtle as any we have 
noted. Mr. Sibley was entertaining a party 
of friends on his steam yacht Wapiti, and 
when it touched at Coliingvvood, Ontario, lie 
discharged one of bis cooks for some mis- 
I conduct. The latter at once gave out tiie 
story that tiie yacht bad foundered and the 
whole party on board liad been drowned. 
This, of course, w as telegraphed all over tiie 
country and caused consternation among 
the friends of Mr. Sibley. Fortunately Mr. 
Sibley was able to contradict tho story the 
next day, but it is not so clear that he cau 
find a way to punish the cook. The news- 
paper correspondent at Collingwood, how- 
ever, would seem to have allowed himself to 
be imposed upon in a very easy manner. 

A woman of St. Louis has just perfected a 
singular invention. She has applied for a | 
patent to cover the process of making “ sweet } 
potato flour.” The processes arc those of 
peeling the potato and kiln-drying tiie peel 
so that it will keep for any length of time as 
a food for live stock ; of drying and grinding 
the potato into three distinct grades of flour, 
and also of slicing and drying In the form 
of “Saratoga chips.” “All these forms | 
will keep for years in any climate.” 
Yet useful as this “ dessicated food product ” 
may be, there are those who will regret the 
invention. They have in tiie past viewed the 
3\veet potato as a romantic variety of the pro- 
saic, common, everyday article of commerce 
that in the days of Queen Anne was given 
only to animals and convicts. But if this 
invention proves successful the glory will 

The ability of the conductors and drivers 
of our street cars to discuss \v;jth marked in- 
telligence all problems suggested by tiie 
reading of Browning has for some time ex- 
cited the admiration and tiie envy of tho in- 
habitants of less favored cities. A pleasing 
illustration— although in lesser degree— of 
the intellectuality of American democracy 
is recorded by a contributor to tho Christian 
Union. Mr. James Bryce, it appears, in one 
of his journeys in tiiis country talked freely 
with a brakeman. He mentioned his name, 
and the brakeman said “Bryce? Did you 
write the ‘ Holy Roman Empire ’ and ‘ The 
American Commonwealth?' ” When the ! 
author acknowledged his deeds, the brake- 
man looked at him in silence. “ Then,” sud- 
denly extending a very dirty paw, ho ex- 
claimed in atone of the heartiest approval, 

“ Shake I " 

There is a prevailing impression that a 
prize fight is n fierco exhibition of brutal 
strength, aided and guided by skill in the 
art of sparring: that meat light for motley and 
not to settle a dispute and not for tUe-gratifi- 
cation of personal vengeance ; that when one 
of the fighters is so battered and mauled that 
he cannot come to time the man who is able 
to stand receives the purse and the belt; that 
such a scene is enlivened by disorder, drunk- 
enness and often robbery. The brutality of 
the encounter has beeu described graphically 
by many, from William Ilazlitt to Rudyard 
Kipling. Legislatures have declared these 
gatherings Illegal, contrary to law, order and 
the public morals. 

But it seems that this is all a mistake. Pos- 
sibly there were such fights in the dim past, 
but in our own time the sport of pugilism as 
it is managed at New Orleaus makes actually 
for civilization. It is a New Orleans corre- 
spondent of the Brooklyn Eagle who thus 
throws light on our darkness. His letter 
was written with reference to the approach- 
ing fights In his loved city. The performances 
of the week that begins September 4 will be 
the “biggest series of events since the days 
of the Roman Cestus.” The members of the 
Olympic Club of New Orleans are devoted to 
the perusal of ancient history, and they wish 
in these effete times to revive the Grecian 
spirit. “They propose to make New Orleans 
a sort of modern Olympia. It is believed by 
them that prize fighting can be made a popu- 
lar athletic sport in America.’’ In their good 
work they have been assisted cordially by 
the State. The approaching combats will be 
| given under the authority of Louisiana, 
and under a special license from the Mayor 
of the city. The Chief of Police will preside, 
j “with fifty men or more under him, to see 
' that everything is fairly, honestly and or- 
[ derly conducted.” The men who are in 
charge are “solid, substantial and respected 
business men,” and the audience will be 
made up of members of the better classes— 

I “ lawyers, doctors, bankers, merchants and 
men of that kind.” The sporting men, it 
seems, come mainly from the barbaric East; 
they wear “big diamond pins and beavers,” 
but no quiet citizen of New Orleans need fear 
them, for “ they are kept well in order.” In- 
deed, Eastern men are welcomed, “ they are 
notoriously lavish with their money,” and 
they leave behind a substantial sum. “ The 
hotels, bar rooms, theatres and other places 
patronized by the visitors must have divided 
the handsome sum of $250,000 by the Fitz- 
simmons-Dempsey and Fitzsimmons-Maher 

It is true that there was an effort some 
time ago to break up these friendly gather- 
ings. “Some of the religious people” tried 
to influence the Legislature, but the testi- 
mony of “some of the best citizens of New 
Orleans” was so strong in favor of the shows 
that no attention was paid to the protest of 
the insignificant minority. The citizens ad- 
mitted cautiously that. “ a little blood was 
spilt,’’ but such physical relief was regarded 
as sanitary. 

The building consecrated to these Grecian 
scenes is an immense amphitheatre, “laid off 
like an opera house— with numbered seats, 
private and proscenium boxes, easy chairs 
and every comfort imaginable.” “ It is con- 
structed after the fashion of the old Roman 
Colosseum.” But an improvement on the 
ancient plan is the “barbed wire fence to 
prevent any of that ring jumping which has 
spoilt so many fights.” The press is first 
comfortably entertained. Many of the North- 
ern newspapers will send three or four re- 
porters, an artist, a retired pugilist to give 
points, and a stenographer and a telegra- 
pher.” 'Hie attention of parents is called to 
the peculiar advantages of the family circle. 
Electricity is used in the lighting of the hall 
and in the sounding of the gong. 

There are other pointg of interest in this 
letter of refutation of a vulgar error, such as 
the zeal displayed by the railways, the hotel 
and shop keepers in assisting in this “effort 
to make the prizii ring refined and respecta- 
ble, something that gentlemen can patron- 
ize.” Furthermore, the Olympics are aided 
in their attempt by the profound researches 
of Mr. J. E. Sullivan. We quote from his 

’•The ancient Athenians, who so prized the 
profession of boxing that they would not admit 
to it any hut free and re out able citizens, cov- 
ered their hands with leather and metal in or- 
der to make murderous blows. It is hard to see 
how onr modem critics can admire them, and 
yet withhold their appreciation from a native 
of the ’modern Athens’ who covers his hands 
with soft gloves to temper the blows.” 
in their rivalry of the conduct of Mr. Zap- 
pa-, a wealthy Peloponnesian, who in 185# 
contributed a fund lor the re-establishment 
of the Olympian gamer, the Olympics of New 
Orleans have overlooked the fact that in 
ancient times literary works were first pub- 
licly recited, although such recitations 

formed no part of the ^ festival proper. Mr. 
Sullivan might be persuaded to give readings 
from his book on an evening when ho was 
not otherwise engaged, and Mr. Corbett 
could show by a recitation whether his 
dramatio ambitions were founded on natural 
aptitude. The revival shop Id be complete. 

It will be remembered that Mr. B. P. 
Hutchinson found New Turk life intolerable 
on nccount of the inferior quality of the 
native pie. As he is a man of wealth, he 
lost no time in opening a pie-and-bean house 
where he could eat. and, at the same time, 
comfort others. He is now weary of the 
town; he agrees with Mr. Howells that no 
one can love it, and lie proposes to return to 
Boston, “the finest place in the world to live 
in.” His taste for beans (which, according 
to Artemus Ward, were invented here by Gil- 
son), will, no doubt, be gratified; whether 
he can approve of our pic is a more doubtful 

Lieut. Totten’s latest theory is that we are 
to have an epidemic of mysterious disap- 
pearances. Ashe puts it: “1 he time will 

come when you wiil hear of sonic person who 
is gone and no trace can be found of him. 
You will not know what has become of him. 
You will wonder, and the first that you know 
some other person will be missing. 1 ou will 
see crowds of people flocking about the 
churches and asking themselves what is hap- 
pening, but they cannot explain the mys- 
tery.’’ Such phenomena are not altogether 
unknown at present, we believe, but often a 
careful study of the Canadian or South 
American hotel registers lias had an illumin- 
ating effect upon them. 

The ehivalric conduct of Mr. Gladstone in j 
accepting the sole responsibility for the nr- i 
rangement of the ministry evidently touched , 
the heart of Mr. Labouchere, or at least ex- j 
cited his admiration, and he compliments | 
him by letter. But it is not unlikely that | 
Mr. Gladstone remembers his school-boy I 
days and looks upon the leader of the Radi- 
cals as a Greek bearing gifts. 

It is reported that an American physician 
is now of service in Berlin in organizing stu- 
dents of our nation into a body of nurses in 
the event of epidemic cholera. So too in 
Paris, in the “Terrible Year,” it was an 
American surgeon, Dr. Swinburne, who in- 
troduced an improved ambulance and gave 
valuable rules and regulations for the disci- 
pline of nurses. The practical side of the 
American character furnishes amusement at 
limes to our foreign friends ; but in time' of 
emergency they are the first to recognize its 

If the report sent from New York is cor- 
rect in the detail then was the appearance of 
the once admired comedian, Harry lveruell, 
most pitable. It is hardly creditable that an 
unbalanced mind should provoke hisses; and 
yet the history of the stage abounds in in- 
stances of cruelty shown by audience's to 
past favorites. Nor did the encouraging 
cheers of friends on this occasion restore 
Kernell’s mental nimbleness, although they 
drowned the noise of complaint. Kernell is 
the latest added to the list of play-actors who 
either from overwork or irregular habits 
broke down before their time. In recent 
days McCulloch, Hart and Scanlan were his 
immediate predecessors. 

Are we as a nation threatened with the 
danger that alarms France? Mr. Carroll D. 
Wright sounds a warning in the Popular 
Science Monthly by proclaiming a decrease 
in the size of families. This decrease has 
been gradual, it being in 1860 5.28, 
in 1870 5.00, in 1880 5.04, and in 

1800, 4.04. in the Western division, the 
average size of the family has risen, as would 
have been expected, on account of the settle- 
ment of the West in the last few years. in 
Oklahoma, for instance, the size of the fam- 
ily will increase until population be- 
comes fairly dense, then it will follow the 
rule of older communities and decrease. For 
when population is more or less urban in 
character, the maximum is reached. 


O I* K K a tk; IMHS I IS 11,111 F.S. 

The statement that unless a home is pro- 
vided speedily in New York for the men 
singers and the women singers who have 
been engaged by Messrs. Abbey, Sehoeffel 
and Grau there will he no opera worthy of 
the name in the United States this coming 
season is a singular reflection on the present 
I condition of that branch of musical art in 
this country. The statement may or may 
not be found true. The fact, however, that 
it is entertained seriously by many is full of 

Some almost rejoice in the destruction of 
the Metropolitan Opera House, and see in 
the fire a rebuke to the fanatical admirers of 
! Wagner. This joy is born of ignorance. 
The career of the house began in 1888 with 
one of the most brilliant seasons of Italian 

opera ever given in New York. The house I 
was backed by a powerful social faction, 

but Mr. Abbey lost $ 250 , 000 - This 
debt he paid in full. Leopold 
Damrosch approached the stockholders and 
proposed to give opera in German. The price 
of an orchestra chair was reduced from $5 to 
$2 50. It was finally made $8. The seven 
seasons of grand opera in German began 
Nov 17 1884. Dr. Damrosch died, and 

Messrs. Stanton, Seidl and Walter Damrosch 
ruled in his stead. In 1891 the stockholders 
said that they were tired of German opera, 
and the house was rented to Messrs. Abbey 
and Grau. The season of ’91-’92 is familiar 
to all lovers of music. The stockholders had 
renewed their contract with Mr. Abbey’s 
firm for this season on favorable terms, and 
the leading singers of Europe have already 
been engaged. And now there is doubt con- 
cerning the rebuilding of the opera house. 
But the Metropolitan Opera House was not 
intended originally and solely for the propa- 
gation of the Wagnerian faith, and there was 
catholicity in the repertoire announced for 
the coming season. 

Grand opera is an expensive luxury. It 
demands in these days high-priced singers, 
an orchestra of experienced musicians, superb 
scenic decorations and a ballet. Whether 
these demands are real is another question. 
The chief opera houses of Europe are subsi- 
dized, and even then the managers lose 
money. Any manager who undertakes to 
produce opera in this country looks fiist in 
the direction of New York. He cannot rely 
on the enthusiasm of Chicago or the well- 
bred interest of Boston. If he attempts a 
series of one-night stands the prices charged 
forbid a large attendance. Now, if there is 
no home for opera in New York, grand opera 
cannot be given properly in the larger cities, 
and the lovers of dramatic music must con- 
tent themselves with the mediocre or bad 
productions of a migratory company, pro- 
ductions in which the scenic accessories are 
often ludicrous and the orchestra is unbal- 
anced and untrained. 

It is proposed by some that rich men of 
large towns should supply the means for pro- 
viding local grand opera. It is said, for in- 
stance, that here in Boston a syndicate could 
regulate the matter easily. But a complete 
opera house with its human and material ap- 
pointments caunot rest securely on the 
caprices ot the rich. It would no doubt be a 
pleasure to learn that in this city there would 
be an opera season of four or six weeks each 
i winter, in which the Symphony Orchestra 
would play no inconspicuous part ; but would 
such a proposition appeal to the wealthy? 
It is the fashion now to enjoy orchestral and 
chamber concerts; such an opera season as 
is wished by some must in its turn be the 
fashion, if the pecuniary result is to be satis- 
I factory to the stockholders. 

The beginning must \>e more humble. The 
members of the great middle class are fond 
of operatic music. Their taste could be 
easily gratified. There are many delightful 
compositions for the stage that do not de- 
mand a large theatre, a large orchestra, sing- 
ers of world renown or sumptuous decora- 
tions. These operas and operettas are found 
in Italy, France and Germany. They should 
be sung in English. The chorus could be 
drawn from our local societies and choirs. 
The orchestra could be made up of resident 
musicians. There are singers here of un- 
doubted talent and natural aptitude who 
would make a respectable appearance on the 
stage. The prices of admission could be so 
regulated that audiences would he attracted, 
not repelled. This experiment at least is 
•worth the trying. 

Many will be interested in learning that 
Mr. Steinert, the head of the firm of Steinert 
& Sons, has just made valuable additions to his 
famous collection of the predecessors of the 
pianoforte. He has found a spinet made by 
Hans Rucker of Antwerp (1600) that is 3J 
octaves in compass. The only example of 
Rucker’s handiwork now in this country is in 
the Metropolitan Museum of New York. Mr. 
Steinert discovered and bought in Salzburg a 
grand pianoforte made by J. A. Stein, which 
is a facsimile of the one used by Mozart, now 
in the Mozarteum, and it has Mozart’s name 
in the inside. There are few collections 
in the museums of the world equal to the one 
of Mr. Steinert, and it is doubtful if his col- 
lection is equaled by that of any private col- 

The news of the death of George William 
Curtis will awaken profound and universal 
regret. Not only will the loss of the brilliant 
and kindly essayist bo keenly felt; the 
people will henceforth mourn the absence of 
the man who on great occasions voiced so 
doqueutly th i*-’ joy or grief. The country i 
can ill afford “ spare such men of devoted 
patriotism and blameless life. 

The authorities were eminently thoughtful 
in deferring the seizure of contraband liquor 
at the Ocean House and Hotel Preston until I 
the end of the season. The guests have thus 
been spared serious inconvenience. In this I 
;onnection it is interesting to note that the I 
jwarnpscott Selectmen “ purpose rigidly | 
enforcing the law.”