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Daily Report— 





West Europe 





BIS-WEU-91-135 
londay 
5 July 1991 














Daily Report 
West Europe 











FBIS-WEU-91-135 CONTENTS 


NOTICE TO READERS: An * indicates material not disseminated im clectronic torm 
INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS 


USSR. Japanese Groups Arnve for G-? Summa /London PRESS ASSOCTAIION! 
Germany Secks “Active Cooperation With USSR /Berlin ADN/ 
Japan's Kaitu Arrives in London for Summu  /JoAvo AYODO) 
Ecological Mission Planned = //oAvo AY ODO) 
Germany Wants “Mixed Ard Package for USSR /Berlin ADN/ 
UK Plans To ‘Press’ for Iraqi Action at Summut  /London THE SUNDAY TELEGRAPH 14 Jul) 
USSR’s Prmakov Hands Japanese Gorbachev Note /JoAvoe APODO! 
Japan's Nakayama Comments /JoAvo AYODO! 
Mayor: “Too Early’ for USSR To Jon G-7? /London PRESS ASSOCTLATION) 
Genscher Encourages West To Aid Sovict Reforms /Berlin ADN/ 
Japan's Kartu. Italy's Andreott: Meet in London = /JoAve AY ODO!) 
Japanese Officials Reveal Gorbachev Reform Plan /JoAve AYODO/ 
Italy’s Andreotts Meets USSR’s Primakov /Rome 1N\8 14) 
USSR’s Primakov: Reforms at Risk Without Ard /London PRESS ASSOC TATION! 
Japan. Germany Split Over Aid to Soviets /JodAvo AYODO) 
Differences Remain Unsetiled /Jodve AYODO! 
World Economic Summit Officially Opens 15 Jul /London PRESS ASSOCIATION) 


AUSTRIA 


Vranizky Wants Good Tres With SFRY Republics /AURIER 1/3 Jul) 
SPOke's Jankowntsch Comments (DER STANDARD 13-14 Jul) 

SFRY Requests Parhamentarians Postpone Vist /MJENER ZEITUNG 13 Jul) 

Vranitzky on SFRY, World War I Speech (WIENER ZEITUNG 12 Jul) 

Lifting of Sanctions Against RSA Suggested /DER STANDARD 12 Jul) 


UNITED KINGDOM 


Foreign Office Statement on Offer of Troops /PRESS 1SSOCTATION) 
Kurdish Demonstrators Storm Turkish Embassy 
Demonstrators Arrested /PRESS ASSOCIATION) 
Kurds Freed on Bail /indara ANAT OLIM 
Parties Clash Over Labour Nuclear Arms Policy //ME DAILY TELEGRAPH 11 Jul) 
Scotland Yard Alerted to New IRA‘Hu List’ /PRESS ASSOCIATION) 


CANADA 


Mulroney Anticipates “Very Histone G-? Summit /London 71) 
* Francophone ‘Mandarins’ Enthusiastic on Reform /1.1 PRESSE 2S May/ 


GERMANY 


Kohl Urges SFRY Factions To Renounce Violence /Belerade 7 1NJUG/ 
Possible Recognition of Croatia, Slovenia Urged = /1DN/ 
Waige! Calls For Shared Western Aid for USSR /4DN) 
Kurds Stage Anti-Turkish Protests in Cities /DP 14) 
Plans tor Mass Deportation of Poles Denied §=/47)N/ 
Finance Minister Meets With Polish Counterpart /D?P 1) 
Opening EC Market Viewed /DP 1) 
Last Sovect Naval Lnnt Withdraws From Country $/D?P'4 


1S July ivy] 


IPstwawn & & & wiwivitre=——— = 


4 








FBIS-WEL -91-135 
15 July 1991 ? West Europe 


Miluar., Concerned About UK Forces’ Presence iDN 
( hanc ellor Koh! Secas New Laws on Mov ¢ oO Berlin DPA hy 








Kohl Promises New Laender Continued Assistance (FRANAFURTER ALLGEMEINE 12 Ju 17 
Defense Minstrs Official Accused of Espronage /4D\ ; 
Minister Warns of L nderground Stas: Actisities (MELT 1Mf SONNTAG 14 Ju :* 
Former Stasi Emplosees Recruited by Police (ADN is 
Files Naming Special Stasi Pexsonne!l Found /1D\ i 
Government Plans Dissolving SBO by Year End (/NELES DEL TSCHLAND 10 Ju iy 
Internal Hard Currency Activities Revealed (DP 1 y 
Berlin Trust Agency Enterprise Sales Examined /DP 4 is 
Opimon Poll Shows Increasing SPD Popularity /FRANAFURTER ALLGEMEINE ]> Ju .. 
Miners Pelt Economics Minister With Projectiles (DP 4 . 
FRANCE 
Government Statement on Military Presence in Iraq if P 21 
Mitterrand Grants Bastille Day Interview = /Paris 71 2 
Bush Sass Proof Exrsts of Irag: Nuclear Arsenal (Paris Rad 26 
Mitterrand Comments on Talks /Paris Rad 26 
Jove on Gult Fete. Anti-Cresson ‘Campaign’ /Paris Rad oe 
Turkish Lettsst Leader Ailled mn Paris 1! Jul if P a7 
Visit by President Mitterrand to Tunrsia FOSS FON TOM 27 
ITALY & VATICAN CITY 
Plane Possibly, Shot Down by LS. Mossile mn 1980 i\S4 s 
Serbia's Foreign Minister in Rome tor Talks (Belgrade TANJLG Z 
Andreott:. Montenegro Prime Minister for Peace /Belerade TANIUG 2 
PORTLUGAI 
Germans 's Genscher Meets Cavaco. Soares, Pinheiro 24 
Forecasts Political U non Bern ADN 28 
Stresses Small Sates Rights ///amure DPA Vv 
Ministry Outlines EC Funding in National Economy = /Lishon Internationa -¥ 
SPAIN 
Government To End Kurdistan Deployment |4 Ju! /Wadrid Rad ; 
Castro To Visit After 1992 Ibero-American Summu /# FI ww) 
ETA Claims Attacks in Spain. Germany. Italy /VWadrid Rad oy 
Unemployment Falls for Fifth Consecutive Month /Wadrid Rad 0) 
NORDIC COUNTRIES 
Finland 
Vaeyrvnen Favors CSCE Peacekeeping Force /Helsind: Rad 3] 
Defense Minister Returns From Meeting in USSR ‘1 
CSCE Force Inapproprnate /Heluns: Rad 3] 
Cites Results of Tnp /Melunts Rad 3! 
Nor*ay 
Europe Movement To Begin EC Membership Campaign (4F 7ENPOSTEN 10 Ju 32 


CYPRUS 


LS. Pushing Turkeys to “Greater Intransigence’ /AMARAL YD) 13 Ju 
Spokesman Interviewed on Bush Visit. Polos (4L/7H14 14 Jw 
‘Clear Message’ in Bush Statement Omitting Denktas /O FILELEITHEROS 12 Ju 


~~ # # 
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FBIS-WEL -91-135 
15 July 1991 3 West Europe 


Reserv ations Expressed About Bush View (/PROINA NEA 13 Ju 35 
izknmvow Holcs Talks Weth Moetsotakes. Samaras AW4R41)/ 12 Ju a 
Litbvan Monier Ends V rst. Sogns Agreement \ wa Tl Mw 
(so. crnmenti nns 4 “i t { ommunin ations Svsiem \ us Rad ta 
GREECE 

Csovernment Sand L aprepared tor Bush Vis (ELE THEROTIPIA 14 Ju 7 
Premier Announces Border Disarmament Proposal trhens TT 7 

Bulgaria Accepts Proposa trhen. Rad +s 


IURAFY 


< 


Multinational Force Deploved at Border Approved imhara Tt 
London Embasss (bcc upicd bh Kurdish Demonstrators 

British Ambassador Summoncd Nwasouls 

Viessagc of Regret Sent Wwasorli 
Punishment of Attackers on Missions Abroad Wanted inmhura Rad 


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Kalem: Links Pole Operations to l pooming Visi imaara ii 
Saud: Foreign Minister Arrives for Official Versi imnara fl 


Dunner Speeches Made a 
} nah ¢ \I n sters To Mect {adru Rad 
()val. Al Saud Talk imnura Rad 


Detc ns } und Monc\, Pledgecd inmsara Til 
| : 


Perez de ( ucilar’s Vist. Mand on Cyprus Viewed /7ERCU WAN Iva 
()zal. Macedoman Leader Descuss Bilateral Ties /Belerade J ANIJUG ; 
Presadent of Rosnmia-Herzego.ina Arrives for Talks imaara Rad ; 
’ . 
, 


Yilmaz 2 I eclons Dat T Kx } nalized imaura Ji 








FBIS-WEL -91-135 
15 July 1991 


USSR, Japanese Groups Arrive for G-7 Summit 
1 DI207152391 London PRESS ASSOCIATION 
m Emelish 1359GMT 12 Jul 9! 


[By Chres Moncrnefl, PRESS ASSOCTATION police! 
oditor] 


[Text] Mikhad Gorhaches’s advance party arnved im 
London today bearing his latest plan for coonomx 
reform im the Sovect Unon before newt week's G-7 
summit of the world’s mchest nathons. The plan. worked 
out im the Aremiin over recent months, was brought by 
the Sovict president's special envoys Yevgenn Primakos 
well ahead of Mr Gorhaches’s anticipated arrival on 
Tuesday Mr Primakoy. is not cxpected to mect John 
Major, His dealings will probably be with Chancellor 
Norman Lamont 


Meanwhile Mir Mayor has made clear there will be no 
significant sums of cas* on the table for Mr Gorbaches 
The Sovoct leader will instead be offered know-how and 
practical co-operation. However. even the scale of that 
will depend on how umpressed the G7 leaders are with 
his cconomec reform Mucprint He «ill mect them at the 
end of the summit and then have a day's “bilateral” talks 
with Mir Major 


Japan's foregn minister flew into Heathrow today to be 
met by armed pole and a Manket of tight security 
Foreign Office officials were at the airport to erect Taro 
Nakavama. one of a string of kev figures fying imto 
London over the next few days for the G-7 meeting 


Police have spent months harsing with staff from foreign 
embassies. the Foreign Office and airport staff to pro- 
vide an unprecedented level of securits for the vrsitors 
Mir Nakayama. accompanied by hes wite Hanako. few on 
trom Ircland following a short official vist, He made no 
public comment before bering driven to central London 
with an cscort of pole owt-niders. He was duc to be 
tollowed later om the day th the Canadian foreign min- 
ister, the Japanese finance minster and finally. late 
tomeght. the Japanese prime inester 


Germany Seeks *\ctive Cooperation’ With USSR 
LDIOOCISS99) Berlin ADS on German 143907 
1? Jul 9i 


[Text] Bonn (ADN—Foreygn Monister Hans-Dietrich 
Crenscher appeaicd to the heads of state and government 
taking part mn the London world coonomn summit to 
give the Sovict U mon a signal of active cooperation. “By 
waiting passively. the West will damage its own inter. 
est.” Geenscher sand in a prerelcased article for the 
newspapers NORDSEE ZEITL NG: and the Halle MIT 

TELDEL TSCHE ZEITU NG. In seem of the proticems 
with the USSR reform process, passivity 1s NOt a Concept 
“because the current of an coonomn breakdown will 
mevitably affect Europe and the whole world coonomy ~ 
Successtul coonomic restructuring was also the best way 
to push hack the persisting reacthonary forces om the 
Soviet LU mon and help the peoples evercise ther meh to 


INTERNATIO™AL AFFAIRS 1 


selt-<determination The reconstruction of the traditional 
commercial and cconome nctwork on Eastern Europe 
which must also be supported. will counteract the polit. 
cal and coonomac msks of the differences on the standard 
of liveng on the continent. Clear answers trom Cor- 
haches on dev cloping the reform process further should 
make possible for the seven icadimg nation, m the 
world coonoms to open the Western markets wader for 
the Sovict LU neon. He was thinking. for unstance. about 
an carly start of talks between the EC and the USSR on 
a “comprehensive agreement.” as well as about cstab- 
lshong “special relanons™ of the USSR to the IMF and 
the World Bank as a transitron to membership further 
the Sovict LU mon should agree to foreign mvestment 
particularly om the energs and raw material indusines It 
Gorhaches 1s accommodating. the G-7 could also sup- 
Port steps of the hanks and the Paris Club to emprove the 
maturits structure of the Sovect | neon'’s mainly short. 
term foreign debi. It these goals are attarned in London 
Cremscher says. they will constitute a good start tor the 
economic integration of the Sovict L neon onto the world 
COOTOTTY 


Japan's haife Arrives in London for Summit 
ADODO in Erelokh O8890M1 


OW 1 HORNET Tody 


j 2 Iu v/ 


[Text] London, July 12 KY ODO}—Japanese Prome Min- 
ster Toshok: Kartu arrived mm London on Froday night to 
attend the summit of seven major industrialized nations 
mn London neat week week 


Kaitu flew from Boston. Massachusetts. after mecting 
US. Pressedent George Bush at hes summer hous m 
Kennebunkport, Maine. on Thursday 


Kartu will meet separately with Britesh Prome Monster 
John Mayor and Itahan Prime Minister Crrulro Andreoth 
on Sunday before the summit opens 


After the summit ends on Wednesday. Rarfu will attend 
talks among the leaders of the seven Countres and Sovict 
Presadent Mikhail Gorhaches and also mect alone with 
CGrorbaches Kartu and Crorhaches last met om Tokyo m 
April 


Japanese Foreign Minister Taro Nakayama arrived here 
Friday afternoon trom Ircland where he met with hes 
Irish counterpart Gerald C offens 


t cological Mission Planned 


OU LMCI) Todo AVODO om beelnt OC88 OV) 
I3 Ig v/ 


{Text} London, July 13 AYVODO}—Japan plans to dis 
patch a government missson to the Sovect U neon to help 
fight the detenoration of the Soviet enseronment by 
pollutron. officials accompanying Japanese Prime Min- 
ster Toshrk: Kartu sand Friday 


Kaifu will make the proposal during hrs meeting with 
Soviet Preseedent Miebhal Grorhaches on Wednesday 








‘- 


shortly after the end of the three-day summit mecting of 
the leaders of the seven mayor industrial nations. the 
officials sand 


It Grorbaches agrees. the missvon Could be dispatched to 
the Soviet LU noon as carly as thes autumn to advise Sovict 
environmental caperts on ways of stopping pollution 
trom destroying the enviroment 


The mission well comprise officials from the Environ- 
ment Agency. the Moenistry of Internatonal Trade and 
Indusiry. the Agriculture. Forestry and Fisheries Min- 
istry. the Health and Welfare Ministry. and the Foregn 
Monrstrs. thes sand 


They sand 1t well be part of Japan's technocal assistance to 
the Sovict Umon. The Japanese Government has been 
hesitant to give financial ard to Moscow 


The officials sard the mission will make on-the-spot 
mv cstigations of contaminated Sovict nvers. forests. and 
land in cooperation with Sovict government officials 


Aur and land pollution im the second-largest city Lenin- 
grad and other urban ard rural arcas have been wors- 
ening. accordmng to a survey by the World Bank 


The surves savs 16 percent of the Sovict landmass has |) 
to 100 tomes the standard international levels of pollu- 
thon set by the Organization for Economic Cooperation 
and Development (OECD) and the World Health Orga- 
mization (WHO) 


Germany Wants ‘Mixed Aid Package’ for USSR 
LD 207182399! Berlin ADS on German 17H OMI 
13 Jul 9! 


[Text] Dresden (ADN}—In the view of Economics Min- 
wter Juergen Moeliemann (FDP) [Free Democratic 
Party}. the seven leading Western industrial countries 
should decide on a “mixed and package” for the Sovict 
t mon at therr London summit It should comprise both 
advice and a transfer of know how as well as financial 
and. Moeliemann told the Dresden-hased “MORGEN. 
POST AM SONNTAG. ” The Soviet U mon had contrib. 
uted to the end of the cold war “Now «t should also share 
m the peace dividend.” the minister stressed 


The international communits. specifically the 24 OECD 
countnes, has to bear the financial burden of this 
According to Moeliemann, te Federal Republic alone 
would be completely over-strenched by thers Moecliemann 
reduced this pount to the formula “either everyone of no 
one 


On the issue of cutteng subsidies. the FDP politician 
accused the umon of playing a “double game” (On the 
one hand its members of the government were steering a 
course of stability, while on the other hand the CDI 
[Christian Democratic Union] social committees were 
demanding the sharing out of “benefits” The coalition 


INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS 


FBIS-WEL -91-135 
15 July 1991 


should not give up as trade mark of budgetary and 
financial soledity Othererse ot would bose .ts capabelity 
of forming a majorts 


Lk Plans Te “Press for Iragi Action at Summit 
LDIZOUSIS! London THE SUNDA) TELEGRAPH 
mm English 14 Jul Vip! 


[London correspondents David Wastell and Robin 
Lodge and Washington correspondent \an Smiles 
report. “Mayor Turns Screw on Irag G-7 Summa Over- 
shadowed by Saddam's Nucicar Defiance” } 


[Text] Britamn well press the L noted States thes weck to 
Carry out is threat to use force f Saddam Husavn tarls to 
comply with United Nations demands to destroy all hrs 
potential for nuclear. chemical and bological war Mr 
Major 1s to use the occawon of the G7 summa of the 
seven leading industrialised nations rn London thrs weck 
to urge Present Bush and other members of the UN 
Security Counc to prepare for renewed military action 
against Saddam The Iraq: leader's defiance of the terms 
of the Gulf war ceasefire resolutions and the possibility 
of military actron to force him imto comphance now 
threatens to overshadow routine summit business 


Mr Dmun Pernoos. bead of the UN nuclear inspection 
team om Baghdad. sand last might he hoped to receive a 
new and expanded inst of Irag’s tactics soon. Diplo- 
mats sand. however, that given Saddam's histor of 
broken promises. thes preferred to “wart and sce” what 
the Inst contained 


Recent alarm signals from Washington and London may 
he meant to pull the G7 countrnes mto a coherent sand 
when thes draft ther latest vice on Irag on Wednesday 
The support of Presdent Gorhaches. a guest at the 
summit. 1s regarded as crucial to the drafting of any 
tough new Security Counc resolution 


Britesh sowrces sand vesterday that the time was 
approaching when Saddam's ofstruction of UN efforts 
to catalogue Irag’s arms stockpiles and manufacturing 
capacity could no longer be tolerated. “Deterrence only 
works if vou use it on the end.” a Whotchall official sand 
“That would be use of force ~ Defence officials have 
made it clear that any operation against Irag would be 
all. American. No Britesh arrcraft or troops would be 
involved 


The five permanent members of the Security Counci— 
the United States. Sovict LU mon. Britam. France and 
China—deliwered a new ultematum to Irag on Friday 
might. warning of dire consequences if it farled to give the 
UN special commission now om trag full access to 
weapons plants anywhere im the country. They set a 
deadline of July 25—the end of next week 


Britesh ministers are furrows at recent evidence that the 
Iragtrs have been cheating the commresion “We know 
that Saddam Husayn 1s not telling the whole story.” a 
minister sand last night “He has been caught out trying 








FBIS-WEL -91-135 
15 July 1991 


w conceal cgumpment for uranwm canchment We 
have found out that he has a secret programme 


Downing Street beheves that brag may be as little as two 
years away from buskdeng a crude nuclear ecapon 


The Securnts Councel mecis mm New York tomorroe to 
revice the special commrsmon’s jprogress. According to 
Resolution O87. whech Saddam accepted as a ceasefire 
condition. the cataloguing and destruction of Irag’s 
nuclear, chemocal and Dilogecal wcapon-making capacity 
should have been complicted withen 10S davs— Thursday 
of thes week 


Mir Mayor was a prime mover of the conditions imposed 
on Saddam and «= understood to feel patrcularty 
strongly that he should be forced to comply He will have 
an opportunity to pul hes case af a private dinner with 
Mr Bush today 


Whutchal! beheves that Resolutbon 687 which authorises 
UN forces to take “such further steps as may be 
required” to secure mmpliementation. already provides 
authority for multary action. Mr Bush reported to 
have drawn up a lest of 100 potential targets. including 
NO) command and control centers 


Despite demats on Whitehall, defense analysts beheve 
that Friday's announcement that the Un force protectong 
Kurds mm northern Irag m berg pulled back may be 
bynked with a possible an stroke agarnst Irag The with- 
drawal would clear the way for renewed bombing rands. 
without leaving the UN force vulnerable to Iraq 
reprisals. The Brotrsh are particularly concerned that the 
withdrawal could prompt a new onsizught against the 
Kurds by the Irag: army 


In Baghdad last might. the Iraq: Foren Minister, Mr 
Ahmed Hussern Abudaver, accused Washington of 
miring political motives with humanitanan issucs “To 
destroy Irag’s nuctear facilities, all devoted to peaceful 
and screntific purposes. 1s one obyective of the Amencan- 
Atlant aggressson to fulfil Israch plans.” he sand 


The confusing pumblc of signals to Baghdad over the past 
wecek—heavy hints that force may be used again within a 
couple of weeks and continuing strident demands for a 
humiliating and immediate comphance with UN resolu- 
trons—may be designed as a message from Mr Bush to 
Iraq's generals Recent remarks by Mr Bash and his andes 
suggest he 1s focusing on a coup agammst Saddam rather 
than waiting for cconmomic sanctions to weaken him 


(in Monday. Mr Bush told a chosen group of correspon. 
dents from G7? countres that Amernca “would be per- 
fectly willing to give the (Iraqi) molitary another chance 
provided Saddam Husayn was out of there”, while on 
Tuesday a source close to the White House disclosed in 
another select briefing that some 14 Iraq: generals had 
been shot three to four weeks ago 


Last Sunday. the NEW YORK TIMES's Thomas Fred. 
man. widely regarded as the journalist closest to the 
Secretary of State, James Baker. 


wrote that “many 


INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS 3 


Admirestraton officials are begemning to come around to 
the voce that there « no diplomata solutvon for thew 
Irag probiem. The only soluthon. mm thes vice. os the 
removal of Saddam Husayvn ~ 


USSR's Primake: Hands Japanese Gorbaches Note 


OU 140-4 189! Todvo AVODO of English OF 16607 
14 Jul 9! 


[Text] London. June 1} AYODO—VYevgran Promakov. 
special envoy of Sovect Presedent Mebhail Gorhaches on 
Saturday handed Japanese goverament officials a per- 
sonal ieticr from Grorhaches revealing hrs coonomn 
reform plan Japanese officials on London saad 


Promakov. here to prepare for a mecting betecen Gor- 
haches and the ieaders of seven major indusinahzed 
nations scheduled newt week sv esited the Japanese dcie- 
gation at a London hotel to relay the presadent’s message 


Promakos later talkcd with Japanese Prome Monester 
Teoshrk: Karfu for five menutes. the Japanese officials 
sand 


The letter «= the same as those already delwered to 
Britamn. the host natron of the summit. and the | anced 
States. they sand 


In the letter addressed to Kartu. Grorhaches spells out hrs 
remedy for rchabilitateng the Crumbling Sovict coonoms 
and asks for aserstance from Western nations. the off- 
ouls wad 


The leaders of Japan. the 1S Brecon. France. Ger- 
many. Italy. and Canada will mect « |) Crorhaches after 
them three davs of talks that begin \ioeday 


Japan's Nakayama ( omments 
OW 1407102081 Todvo AVODO o9 Enelih O9SS OMT 
14 Jul 9! 


[Text] London, July 14 KYODO}—Japanese Foreign 
Minister Taro Nakayama Sunday descnbed Sovict Pres. 
nfent Miekhal Gorhaches’s recent letter to Westera 
leaders on his coonome reforms as “a little Dit too 
convement” for Moscow 


In an emtervecw woth AYVODM) NEWS SERVICE om 
London. Nakayama sand the letter refers to detarls of the 
planned Soviet reforms 


Gorbaches sent the letter Thursday to leaders of the 
seven Western indusinalized nations who meet here 
Monday through Wednesday and who will mect with 
Grorhaches Wednesday just after ther summit 


The Japanese foreign minister sand Gorbaches will hase 
his explanations of the reforms on the letter, but 
Nakayama predicted the discussions will not agree on 
Western financial assistance to the Soviets 














3 INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS 


Nakasama. eho acoompanid Prome Monster Tosheh: 
Kartu to the summut. was the first Japanese Gaon crament 
cadet to comment on the Gortaches icticr 


Thy letter refers to the amount of funds neoessarn for 
Moscoe to makc payment on its foreign dem. Nakayama 
sand The icticr also towches or the stabbhizaton of the 
Sosvect UL mon's rule ehoch would allow Moscoows to 
make 9° converte eath forcign currencies 


Nakasvama also sand be « reads to meet wrth Sovoect 
Foreign Monster Alcksander Besemertnv ih if Bessemer. 
myaih comes to London 


Dureng the imtervice. Nakayama confirmed Japan «ill 
call on Moscow to sheft to a markct-oncated a. nom 
and cul ts muittars spending when Kartu meets with 
Crorhaches individually and at the conterence Detecen 
the summit leaders and the Sovoct presedent VW cdincesday 


lapan also will urge the Sovect Limon to correct ots 
trnancial defant. openls disclose us coonoman data 
mcluding the solume of gold ut holds. and carry owt a 
global application of its new diplomat program 
Nakayama sand 


During the London summit. Japan will propose sending 
a Prt. ate- sector mrssson of about 40 experts to Moscow 
thes month to help the mulitar. industry shift to pro- 
ducing crvihan goouds he sand 


In another nce proposal to help the Sovects. Japan ns 
considering a 200) millon dollar loan hy private hanks to 
help repays the Sovect U meon's trade dem with Japan. he 
sand. The loan equals the sum of the Sovect dem. which 
is guaranteed hy the Japanese Government trade imsur- 
ance scheme 


Majer: ‘Toe Early’ for L SSR Te Join G7 
PDS A188) Lomo PRESS asscrcd ay hon 
mn Breliokh 10D GMT 14 Jul 9! 


(By Roger Withams. PRESS ASSOCIATION) 


[Text] John Major emerged today from the first session 
of talks before tomorrow's summit mecting of the 
workd's seven coonome leaders in London and laughed 
at the dca that Sovict Presedent Gorhaches was about to 
become the eighth Mr Major had spent 10S menutes 
with Canadian Pome Moenister Bran Mulroney on 10 
Downing. Street. tence the time allotted on the two 
men's busy temetabies. The two then held an open-air 
press conference for 1S muenutes 19 Downing Sirect. for 
the Phenefit of the scores of reporters and camera crews 
covering the Group of Seven summit After the summit 
ends on Wedneday. Mr Gorbaches will arrive to meet 
(s” heads to ask for ther help m hes newly -prepared 
reform programme. details of which he sent to the Gi 
leaders om tome tor thes weekend. As Mir Major called a 
halt to media questioning today. he was asked about the 
prospect for G? being renamed GS to include the Soviet 
lL neon. He laughed and sad “11's too carly ~ 


FBIS-WEL -91-135 
15 July 1991 


Genscher EF acowrages West To Aid Soviet Retorms 
1 D140” 10008! Berlin ADN on German 1512 GMT 
14 Jul 9! 


[Text] Cologne (ADN}—Sovect Presadent Meihad Gor- 
haches has Procted the governments of the seven icading 
indgusinal nathons on hrs reform program cvcn Netore the 
Mart of the world coonome summit in Loadon. Thes ss 
revealed fy Foresgn Monster Hans-Dectrch Genscher om 
an imtersece woth the ( cologne dark E V\PRESS (Monday 
edithon) 


The toresgn muenrstcr spoke of an “ompressive program 
tor state. poletecal. sacsal, and coonomec reforms m the 
Sovect € nom ~ Thes gives the dialogue mm London a firm 
townd.at nn 


Ml the same tome. Geemecher warned the West against 
icasong Crorhaches om the lurch “A tasure of the process 
of coonoemnx reform would be the end of the political 
reforms on the Sovect Ul mon, aad the harbors mecalcu- 
lac reeks tor the whole of the world coonom ~ Cect- 
mans. whech has already given “comsdcraMe start-up 
and.” aevther cowld nor will beip alone The Free Dem- 
© Tate Party poltcan demanded “Now u 1s the turn of 
the other Western mndustnal nathons | 


The toresgn monster also came out on favor of defining “a 
comprehensive Cooperation with the Sovict l mon” at 
the talks on London “Apart trom trade poly measures 
the lifteng of credit restrictions for the Soviet U mon with 
the European Dev clopment Bani. and the estahinshment 
of special relatroms with the IMP and the World Bank as 
a transithonary phase hetore membershap. «hat rs partic- 
ularly emportant rs ndeas about how the payment struc- 
tures of the Sos ect foresgn de™ can be shaped in the long 
term 


Japan's Kaifu, Italy's Andreotti Meet in Londen 
OW 180034297 Todve AVODO on Bnelich 0205 GMT 


r< Jy y j 


[ Text) London, July 1S AY ODO}—Japanese Prome Mon- 
wter Toshek: Kartu and Itahan Prime Moenester Couho 
Andreott: differed om thew reactions to a letter from 
Sovect Presedent Mekhail Gorhaches at a meeteng here 
on Sunday might 


The Miminute meeting betwcen Kartu and Andreott: 
centered on the mnsuc of ard to the Sovect U mon 


Crorhaches has sent letters to all the particupents mm the 
London summit of seven major industnal nations out- 
lining his proposed coonomn reforms and stressing the 
need for ummediate ard to implement them The London 
summit opens Monday 


Kartu and Andreott: agreed on the need tor and to the 
Soviet U non and confirmed the need for cooperztion mn 
reducing Soveet defense outlays and converting military 
industrial faciitees to produce consumer goods 








FBIS-WEL -91-135 
1S July 1991 


Kartu told Androotm that Japan micads wo dispatch a 
murssson to the Sovect L mon to surveys Says to aserst im 
the changeover to crv chan mdusir, 


The Sovect Umon. however, should deplos as “nce 
thenkong” diplomacy globally. Kaifu sand. Thes os taken 
as 2 call for the Sowect UL mon to apply the “nce thoni- 
mg to its relabors wath Japan. particularly wath refer- 
ence to a hngering terrtonal drspute 


Japan 1 not willeng to extend immediate and to the 
Sovect Umon. green comunecd Sovect accupatron of a 
group of lands northeast of Hokiando that Japan wants 
reiurned 


Andreott: duplaved a more postive stand over the 
gucshon of ad to the Sovect Umon. bat cupresecd 
understanding for the Japanese vice 


He also told Karfu that om vece of newt scars presdential 
clectoons on the U nsted States. outstanding rvsucs on the 
U rugeay Round of multilateral trade negotiateons would 
have to be settled thes vear 


Kartu cxipressed agreement and sad Japan wants to 
achecve a successful conmchusson to the round withen the 
vear 


Japanese Officials Reveal Gorbaches Reform Plan 


COM 150-03 259) Todkvo AVODO om Eneliot 0248 GMT 
IS Jul ¥! 


[Test] London. July 18 KYODO—A4 Sovect coonomn 
reform plan to be presented by Presdent Mokhasl Cror- 
hbaches after the end of the Group of Seven summer m 
London on Wednesday «ill call for only a grad. v 
transition to a market coonomy Japanese sources wid 
Monday 


The contents of the plan were disclosed on a Gorhaches 
letter to Prome Moenester Tosheks Karfu. the sources sand 


Crorhachey to cxuplam the plan to the leaders of the 
seven major industnal nations They are divided over 
ways of avisting Sovect imtegraton imto the world 
COORON 


The leaders of Japan. the U nrted States. Brotamn. France 
(sermany. Italy. and Canada will meet with Gorhaches 
after three davs of talks from Mionday 


In hes plan. Gorhaches spells out his remedy for the 
Soveet coonerm and asks for avastance from Western 
natoons 


lL nder the reform plan. the Sovict Limon scks to 
estabirsh a mixed coonomy in which government. 
controlled and private sectors cocust in preparation for 
mos ing to a market coonomy. the sources sand 


The plan also calls for the bifting of price controls and 
denationalization of production as much as powrtc the 
sources sand Inihal privatization plans are capected to 
cover smaiicr rather than larger buwnesses 


INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS s 


The sowroess saod the Gorfaches plan alo 


— alls tor creator of a specu fund to cstabiesh the 
comvertebelits of the Sovect rule and capresacs hope 
tor Restern contmbutbons to Sc fund 


—Secks full mem ership in the Internatsanal Monctarn 
Fund and the World Rank and a rew teduleng of the 
Sovoct U man's 6% belhon dollar mccrnatronal wets 


—Promres never to use force om the si Sovect repel iacs 
under amy circuttstances 


Italy's Andreetti Meets L SSRs Primakes 
iC T5071 278! Rowe ANS 1 oe Beeliet M014 
1% Jui vi 


[Text] London, 1 § July ( ANS A}—The Group of Seven of 
the West's most mdusinal natons open thew annual 
summer here today after a rownd of mmformal curtam- 
rarung talks whnh analysts sand seem to confirm a 
gencral willngness to gre Sovect Presademt Mekha! 
Corhaches at least strong politcal suppert on hes plans 
tor coonemen reform 


The G-7 meeteng eth Gorhaches on Wednewlay and 
Thursday os stealong the lemechght at the summit ehoch 
will also be concerned with msucs rangemg from the 
debate on lower mpterest rates and reformong GATT to 
the new resurgence of the Irag: crim. the Amaroman 
ram forest. and drug trafficking 


According to pre-summt assesaments. Germany France 
and ltaly are more ready to help Crorfhaches. whole the 
lL ovted Sates. Canada. Brita. and Japan arc welleng 
only to countenance “virengthened” technical awerstance 
tor the Sovect U mon the Japanese positron Seong com. 
pleated hy Tokyo's demand to have the Kuri Islands 
hack from Sovect contre! before ven and can Sart 
flow ing 


Loke the other leaders. tahan Prome Mierister Creo 
Andreott, whe arrved Sunday [14 July) morning. hed 
Private tete-a-tetes with the sumemt's other protagomest . 
imchudeng the host, Brith Prme Moenister Jofin Mayor 
Canadian Premect Bonan Mulrones Japan Tostek: 
Kartu. aod Crorhaches + spectal caves Vevgenn Prema 


how 


As htahan sources admitted that Masor told adrewtt: he 
townd parts of the coonomn plan Crorfacth + coOMermn 
adv wers have drawn up earth a team of Harn ard coone 
mits to he wRcemmcmng one hent of the tind of 
practical owtoormne to he expected from the summer came 
from a message that French Presdent Francon Motter. 
rand sent the Itahan prime menrster 


After bes sewwrom eth |S) Present (roorge Bosh af 
Ramboullict Sunday afternoon Mitterrand suggested 
that. while Grorhache: must realee and from the West 


depends on hes wnamimguous commitment to a market 
coonoms one nica might he to rare the lendeng corlongs 





PRIN WEL ers 
. INTERNATIONAL APPAIRS 1S July 18 


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FBIS WEL -@n.05 
15 Judy 1991 INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS . 


Sovect L mon Germany o aise prepared to Mare -osts Th: Nwewge memesters agi cx 
for eethdraeug Sowet troops foe the fone: Ean -<<t w owlder 2 greater ropors 
Germans m tie eoridd the Offs wal 


Karty ruled out mawive fiaaacal belp unis! “he Sots But Nassyame tod Goce? 
return the four smvdl wlands off morthere fa wo 1 fos CUSRETY BeghOoring ( Deas 
occupeed wace the ord of © wet Bar Mom of ows matvoms, Das bo Lake 2 SiToToR! apy . 
, sew Troe ‘Rl MWe! ™ (a 
Pe bald Cece Mer Maul mo . ‘ 


Karte proposed that the annual acca be ade a ior ENS 


tw dracusss as of not only COON Bul ye LL ™a!- oe —e arm PLg@. 
ters 25 well 1 28 aPPTOs “Xu : 


Kohl who will host next year's seme i Weonh Verld t comemi Semmet Officwils Opces 1s Jel 
agreed with Karty and called for a reve of fe aon ue! EDITS IO! Lond REMAN ENNOK 








event at the cad of the London gathering m Engist 1432 GM 
Meametule, the German leader astce f  lapanew By Bob Newton aad (bes V RESS ANN 
mvestment om former East Germany. © %ismg the ATION! 


umportance of is casters region folloersy (co |v) 
i Teas) L cashers w ie + . 


market mtegraton of the European Com = -- ' 

offhoals sand demeatacnes tatsy Nogee .» : As 
L omahow eit the aperou ‘ 

Katy ‘otd Koti that Be ell urge “Ye Japane~ coe rons orverwadow imag CVETY OFM en 7 


word tO promote mvesiment um the former East Cr Map formally echoomod 
many sayeng ‘he Federation of Foor -re Organi rations and marke Memesiers to Des 
iS planning to send a rescarch messe ® bo ie arca [hes The QPCRIAg soKMAOM of Laks 
tal! A fleet of bmmewwnes detre cre. 
L meted Mates (ecrmans fapo . 
tateves of the bE ewrogean | 


Remain | avettied dent Fram ous VI therTarm J . 


OW 1507146670! Totve AVODO om Eagiet (4 UT Pite—alter Prompting a ~ 

1S Jal 97 take an aficrmaw a eo Pk ‘ 
wowrers want thal «lth 

{Text} London, July 18 KYODO—Japan and Germany “SSMU ST Sas te | - 

taled to won out thew differences Monday over the Mivtterrand’s walk The ! 

evtiendeng of large financeal assistance to the Soviet the acar™ Retr Motel was ‘ 

Umon Japanese officials sad Preadicnt Goorge Bushs = 


earmy ™& Vp Nha a“ 


The dofferences were Righhghted at a ome-owr mec! ng 
here Detwcen Japarese Foreign Minister Taro Vicametolce the surmemet eivcs & 


Nakayama and German Forngn Monster Hans Deno Vrames peaserc Nout afl ~ View NS 

Genscher. the officals sad Map 

Nakayama and Genseofer met in paraiic! #61) a moc! m6 World trade. .cmcmtons , 

betwoen Prume Moinester Tostek: Kartu and ( hanccior ment and an coheed rok ‘ 

Helmut Koni 2 the cronded semen agcoda— S regen 
to Preanicat (sorfac Pes 8 pice . 

Genscher asked Japan to drop is Ghyecthoms to aod Sovcct ( mon 6 epmermes rh : . 


saying a proposed Sowet plan on restructuring ts con present m duc to meet the « 
trally comtrofied coonemy to a market CoOmOMm) men's thew offical Pewmeces OF Wovincad 
eviensive debate among the London summer leavcrs (c todias that although Mir (iortu 


officals wand reform dees Meet Peewt Phe CAIs 

the last themg thes SOR koala lis 
He underwored the need for leading industria AStuwrs te the Arceien Chee Bretreh off. . . 
help the Soviet LU mon tactic the challenge mH COOROT Pewee: of gmoremg the \ \! 


resiructurmng wow! mnt Re Poor 














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FBIS-W EU -91-135 
15 July 1991 


Asked whether his speech in the Nationalrat on National 
Socialism rs considered unpopular by many, Vranitzky 
said that this 1s probably true for some people. The issue 
iS NOt popularity but the fact that for democrats and 
liberally thinking people the present and future also lie in 
the their country’s past. The rssue 1s not who lived where 
and how but that the ability to “apologize for a Seyss- 
Inquart. a Kaltenbrunner, or an Eichmann” 1s created 
without which one cannot be proud of Schubert and 
Beethoven. 


Racial hatred, master-race mentality, excessive pride. 
and arrogance must net be yardsticks in the future. He 
did not understand his speech as an expression of 
collective guilt, but as a clarification that many people in 
this country behaved wrongly at a certain time. Vran- 
tzky stressed. 


Solving the Yugoslav Crisis Without Force 


In its offers of aid to Yugoslavia, Austria thought neither 
of monarchical reminiscences nor of the hope to regain 
access to the sea; the call for solving the conflict without 
force was issued to all 22 million inhabitants in Yugo- 
Slavia. This “offer.” as Vranitzky stressed, springs not 
only from Austria's most profound conviction that the 
peoples in Yugoslav:a have the legitimate mght to shape 
a new order—however, this must be achieved by 
peaceful means, without weapons—but 1s also based on 





AUSTRIA ¥ 


the CSCE Treaty. which was signed by 35 European 
States, including Yugoslavia. 


In the meantime. more and more states have agreed not 
only to jointly follow the path toward a peaceful Europe 
but also to work for 1 with appropriate means. Examples 
of that are the efforts by the EC and the CSCE. Despite 
the existing tensions in Yugoslavia, only the path that 1s 
based on continuing nonviolence can be successful, 
Vranizky stressed in conclusion. 


Lifting of Sanctions Against RSA Suggested 
101207180191 Vienna DER STANDARD in German 
l2Jul Yl pl 


[Text] After the lifting of the U.S. sanctions against 
South Africa, Austria 1s still at the beginning of an 
“opinion formation process.” The Foreign Ministry says 
that, even though the apartheid laws have been 
rescinded, the implementation can only take place step 
by step. Therefore. “accompanying action” ts appro- 
priate. Foreign Minister Alors Mock first wants to advo- 
cate a “partial lifting” of the sanctions, because one still 
wants to “keep some arrows in the quiver.” Further- 
more, Austria 1s orienting itself toward the EC and the 
neutral states. Development Aid State Secretary Peter 
Jankowitsch also came out in favor of a “gradual reduc- 
tion of sanctions.” One should think about ending the 
investment ban and the import ban on Krugerrand gold 
coins, he sard. 

















10 UNITED KINGDOM 


Foreign Office Statement on Offer of Troops 


LDIOU7 182691 London PRESS ASSOCLATION 
in Enelish 1806GMT 12 Jul 91 


[Michael Harvey report] 


[Text] Britain has offered to contribute a compan, of 
Royal Marines and support clements to a multinational 
force m southern Turkeys. the Foreign Office said 
tonight. A statement sand: “Steps are being taken to 
deploys a multinational force in the region. including 
substantial air power. The United Kingdom has offered 
to contnbute a Roval Marine company and support 
ciements to this force. A multinational force contributed 
by the coalition partners will provide the people of 
northern Irag with the necessary reassurance that Bagh- 
dad's repression...will not be renewed.” nt sad 


The Foresgn Office sand the forces that remain in the area 
would continuc to act as a deterrent to any Iraqi threat to 
peace and security. The statement added: “They will be 
prepared. if circumstances so demand. to respond 
swifth,—to go back on if necessary. to protect the safety 
of the retugees and UN personnel.” 


kurdish Demonstzators Storm Turkish Embassy 


Demonstrators Arrested 


LDIOUCI3ISYI London PRESS ASSOCTATION 
m Enelih 1223 GMT 12 Jul 91 


[By John von Radownz. Moa Whittle and Michael 
Chilvers. PRESS ASSOCIATION] 


[Teat] Twenty to 40 people were arrested today after a 
group of demonsirators stormed the Turkish Embassy 
Scotland Yard said. The incident was thought to have 
started when a diplomatic protection officer approached 
a group of about 40 protesters, believed to be Kurds. He 
was brushed aside and the demonstrators torced their 
was into the building. Armed officers were called to the 
scene, which was immediately sealed off 


Police were still searching the building to make sure all 
the demonstrators were out. sand a Scotland Yard 
spokesman. “We now appear to have secured most of the 
bu-lding but we do not know if there are any demonstra- 
tors left mnside.”” he sand. No shots were fired and nobod,s 
was hurt on the mncident. he added 


A man who claimed to be a senor official at the embassy 
said demonstrators crashed through steel security doors 
and armoured windows at the front of the building. “We 
immmediatels closed our security rooms where the com- 
munications are and then we just went out the back.” he 
sand. He belreved that 45 of the embassy's 60 of so stall 
were able to leave the building 


The demonstrators were belreved to be from the Kurd- 
stan Workers Party. he sand. An attack was expected as 


FBIS-WEL -91-135 
15 July 1991 


the embassy received a warning yesterday. “We knew it 
“as gong to happen and we duly informed the police.” 
he sand 


Commander Robert Marsh of Scotland Yard's Royalty 
and Diplomatic Protection Group said the embassy was 
currentl, being searched tor explosives. Demonstrators 
did a lot of damage in the burlding. he sand. “They 
rubbished the place and damaged pictures and furniture.” 


He went on “At about 1100 am 45 demonstrators 
gathered outside the Turkish Embassy. About 4) managed 
to get through into the embassy. They were contained 
inside. At about 1220. while negotiating to come out of the 
embassy. thes rushed out of the front door and were all 
arrested and taken to Rochester Row police station.” He 
was Not aware Of any warning of the mvasion. he said 


He praised the police officer who mitially tried to control 
the crowd, saying: “I think he did very well. He kept 
about 15 out” 


A Foreign Office spokesman denied there was a breach 
of security arrangements tor embassics. which are the 
responsibility of the Royalty and Diplomatic Protection 
Group. Security at embassics was regularly reviewed 
because of the growth of terrornsm he said 


Kurds Freed on Bail 


11/40 °0090991 Ankara ANATOLI in Leelion 
UNS5 OUT 14 Jul Yl 


[Text] London (A.A)—Filty-one Kurds arrested tor 
storming the Turkish Embassy in London were freed on 
bail on Saturday and banned trom going near the building 


All were charged with crmina’'y damaging property 
belonging to the Turkish Government, including a secu- 
rity screen. paintings. carpets. and furniture during a 
demonstration on Friday to protest against Turkey 


Parties Clash Over Labour Nuclear Arms Policy 


PUTIOCISIO9G) London THE DAILY TELEGRAPH 
im Enelish 1) Jul Gl p lo 


[Jon Hibbs report: “Tones Challenge Labour's Retreat 
From U nilateralism | 


[Text] Labour and the Conservatives were locked im an 
acrimonrous war of words vesterday over the extent of 
Mr Kinnock’s retreat trom the policy of outnght unilat- 
eral nuclear disarmament that lost Labour the last two 
General Electrons 


A bitter dispute broke out after the Labour leadership 
sought to clarify its policy by pledging to retain Trident 
indefinitely until the successful negotiation of an inter- 
national agreement to climinate all nuclear weapons 


The commitment by Mr Kautman. shadow spokesman 
on torewgn affairs, was billed by Labour as the clearest 
repudiation so tar of its 1980's flirtation with unilateral 
disarmament 





FBIS-WEL -91-135 
15 July 1991 


Its openness angered the party's Left. while senor Tones 
said ut did not go far enough to clear up the confusion 
about the role of Britain's independent nuclear deterrent 
if Mr Kinnock were to gain office. 


The row centred on an article in The Guardian newspa- 
per—a method of ad hoc policy-making guaranteed to 
annoy Labour backbenchers—writien by Mr Kaufman. 
with the full approval of Mr Kinnock and Mr O'Neill, 
defence spokesman. 


It was intended to rebut Tory charges that the party's 
revised defence policy still left open the possibility that a 
Labour Government could negotiate Trident away while 
leaving a substantial Soviet nuclear arsenal threatening the 
West. 


“To Labour u makes sease for Britain to play a con- 
tinuing. constructive role mght the way through the 
international nuclear disarmament negotiations.” wrote 
Mr Kaufman. 


“We beleve that Britain ought to remain as a participant 
in those negotiations until they are successfully and 
finally concluded with an agreement by all thermonu- 
clear powers completely to eliminate those weapons.” 


Mr Patten, Tory party chairman, immediately con- 
demned these “weasel words” and made clear that the 
Conservatives were determined to keep the defence issue 
alive in the run up to the neat General Election 


He wrote to Mr Kaufman demanding a specific answer 
to the question: wil! a future Labour Government retain 
some nuclear weapons so long as the Soviet Union or 
other countnes have nuclear weapons, or not’ 


Highlighting Mr Kaufman's promise to stay 1 talks until 
a deal to eliminate nuclear wepons was concluded, Mr 
Patten commented: “It 1s one thing to remain a partict- 
pant in such negotiations until such a happy outcome, 
bul it 1s not quite the same as confirming that, until that 
outcome, you will keep a British nuclear deterrent.” 


Mr Dennis Canavan, the Left-wing Labour MP. said: “It 
is rather sronic that the Labour leadership decides to 
hang on to nuclear weapons indefinitely at a time when 
the threat from the Soviet Union 1s fast disappearing. We 
should scrap Trident and spend the moncy on things like 
education and the NHS instead.” 


Mr Kaufman, who received five semilar letters from Mr 
Patten in the five weeks afier he last sought to clarify 
Labour's defence policy at the launch of its latest policy 
document in April, described the Tory chairman's reser- 
vations last night as perverse 


He said he expected that world disarmament talks would 
include Britain, France and China as well as America 
and the Soviet Union. “What we need 1s an agreement by 


UNITED KINGDO.<i 


all thermo-nuclear powers complictely to climinate these 
weapons, successfully and finally concluded. | think that 
1S reasonably clear. 


“How can we remain participants in negotiations if we 
have ended our role”? If we have got nothing to negotiate 
with, you cannot negotiate any longer.” he said. 


Despite Mr Kinnock’s public repudiation of the CND 
[Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament] case in 1989. the 
Conservatives have consistently claamed that Labour's 
policy 1s still unilateralist at heart. 


Their objections owe much to the persistent efforts of Dr 
Julian Lewis, a researcher at Conservative Central 
Office, who specialises in defence and has provided 
Ministers with detailed briefs about cach step in 
Labour's retreat from its 1987 policy. 


They argue that what matters 1s not the weapons cach 
side gives up during the course of disarmament negot:- 
ations but the weapons they have left at the end of the 
process—and therefore whether under Labour. Britain 
would be divested of its Trident force im return for cuts 
in the Soviet arsenal that would still leave some nuciea: 
weapons in Russian hands. 


Though Labour believes the Tories are becoming desperate 
in efforts to revive the issue as a vote-winner, Mr Patten’s 
letter gave it warning of the next hurdle. If Labour does 
indicate 1 will keep a deterrent, 1 will have to be tested 
and the Trident submarine flect maintained. he wrote 


“Not only must you tear up your commitment to nego- 
tuate away all our nuclear weapons for just a fraction of 
the Soviet nuclear arsenal, you must also tear up your 
commitments unilaterally to end British nuclear testing 
and to cancel the fourth Trident submarine.” he said 


Scotland Yard Alerted to New IRA ‘Hit List 


1.D1407092191 London PRESS ASSOCIATION 
in Enelish O801 GMT 14 Jul 91 


[Text] Armed protection for dozens of public figures was 
stepped up over the weekend after a new IRA hit-lrst was 
found in the Irish Republic, according to a newspaper 
report today. THE MAIL ON SUNDAY said the inst was 
found when Irish detectives hunting Brixton prison 
escapee Nessan Quinlivan carned out a raid in his home 
town of Limerick. The newspaper said Scotland Yard was 
alerted to the list which includes a number of people not 
known to be specific terror targets. “ Armed police protec- 
tion has been stepped up for dozens of public figures this 
weekend after the discovery,” 1 said. A Scotland Yard 
spokesman said: “In the fight against terrorism it would 
be contrary to our policy to discuss specific intelligence 
involving other forces.” The document referred to 1s 
thought ot be a “research list™ which contains details 
culled from the press and reference books as opposed to a 
hit-list with detailed notes on targets’ addresses and 
movements. 




















12 CANADA 


Mulroney Anticipates “Very Historic’ G-7 Summit 


LDI207000291 London ITV Television Network 
im Enelish ISO0 GMT 9 Jul 9 


[Interview with Prime Minister Brian Mulroney by 
David Smith mn Ottawa on 9 July. from the “Channel 4 
News” program—trecorded] 


[Text] [Smith] What's particularly galling for Mr. Mul- 
roney. and worrying. 1s the situation in French-speaking 
(Quebec, where the prime minister was born and where 
he built his political career. Independence has been 
mooted so often before that the rest of Canada—English 
speaking—is becoming weary of 1. But now. the leaders 
of the Quebec independence movement—Le Quebe- 
con—have set a deadline: They will hold a referendum 
here. neat year. on declaring independence. and so. 
effectively leaving Canada. The opinion polls show they 
would win it if at were held today. So. when we sat down 
with Prime Minister Mulroney on his office, in Ottawa, 
we began by booking at his state of political health [words 
indistinct] 


|Mulroney] [Words indistinct] we mnherited a very diffi- 
cult situation, and we've been taking some tough action 
\s a result of the tough actions we've taken, you lose 
popularity. But, we're here to deal with some principles 
and we'll let popularity look after uself 


[Smith] Looking at what's happening in Quebec. 1s there 
a danger of Canada breaking up” 


|Mulroney] There has been a danger of Canada breaking 
up tor 124 years. It's the nature of the beast. It's a federal 
system with two official language groups working 
together and sometimes at cross-purposes, which gives 
rise to great Opportunities for the country. but also gives 
rise to great tensions, particularly for anyone who wants 
to exacerbate 


[Smith] That apart, the priority for the G-7 leaders next 
week in London will be economic recovery. Canada’s 
suffering. the way most others are, a recession as deep as 
that of the early 1980's: industries mght across the board, 
cither closing down or cutting back, the country’s man- 
ufacturing base diminishing rapidly. a drop in living 
standards. All of which raises the question whether 
countries lke this, and G-7 as a collective, are mn any 
position to help the Soviets. Here, as elsewhere, ordinary 
people don't beheve they're coming out of recession, but 
their leaders insist they are 


[Mulroney] The UK and Canada took on the chin, I 
think. more than our other G-7 partners in the last vear. 
{ think the recovery in all of these countries 1s going to be 
quite strong 


[Smith] If that’s the case, are the G-7 countries in a 
position to help the Soviet Union” 


|Mulroney] Well, if we're not, no one 1s. If the industri- 
alized countries aren't, no one 1s 


FBIS-WEL -91-135 
15 July 1991 


[Smith] The question next week rs what kind of encour- 
agement to give Mr. Gorbachev. With Margaret 
Thatcher gone. arguably. no G-7 leader 1s closer to 
George Bush than Brian Mulroncy. They talk every week 
by phone as a matter of routine. They are meeting. again. 
this afternoon and this evening in Toronto. because 
much as the Canadian 1s a yumior partner. he’s also an 
ally Mr. Bush confides in. So. how do the Americans see 
next week in London working’? What do the G-7 leaders 
expect from Mr. Gorbachev” And what surprises are in 
store? Bnan Mulroney has been bricted by President 
Bush. In real terms, how much moncy can you see the 
G-7? summit giving Mr. Gorbaches” Billions” 


[Mulroney] | wouldn't be suprised if we didn't give him 
anything. in the following sense: | believe that what you 
may see 1s Mr. Gorbachev arrive with a plan. and my 
guess 1s there will be a period of time after which you will 
see some response 


[Smith] In other words. there will be no moncy on the 
table in London” 


{Mulroney} I don’t think that that’s what it’s all about. | 
don't see 1 heading that way 


[Smith] If and when ut comes to giving the Sovicts 
money, who do you want to see it go to” 


| Mulroney] Oh, I think that betore we transter any assets 
or we transfer any cash, we're going to know where it’s 
going. It's going to be gong to the mght place and to the 
right people, | assure you that 


[Smith] Not to the Communists” 


[Mulroney] You can be certain none of us around that 
table 1s going to sustain the Communist Party of the 
Soviet Union 


[Smith] Do you and President Bush work on the prin- 
ciple that Mr. Gorbachev ts gomg to survive’ 


[Mulroney] | do, | do. Who else has done more’ This 
man has literally transform *‘—whether you lke it or 
not, but the results are there—he's transformed the 
Soviet Union in five vears beyond recognition. Now, 
what do you do with a fellow like this’? Do you slam the 
door in his face? Or do you say: Hey, we should talk: 
you've done some pretty substantial and important 
things 


[Smith] Do you see any surprises coming out of this 
summit” 


{Mulroney} This 1s my seventh summit, | believe, and 
they all contain surprises. But. there are gorng to be no 
surprises in this one because we know what the surprise 
is in advance. The surprise 1s Mr. Gorbaches. and what 
he will come up with, and how the press will deal with i. 
and the extent to which they wall be tillated by all of this 
and attracted by all of this. Both the glamour and the 
novelty and the substance 1s gorng to make for a very 
histone summit 





FBIS-WELU -91-135 
15 July 1991 


* Francophone *Mandarins’ Enthusiastic on Reform 
YIENO6204 Montreal LA PRESSE in French 
25 Vay ¥1 pp 4-1. 4-2 


{Article by Marne-Claude Lortie and Philippe Dubuis- 
son: “Francophone Mandarns’ New Canada~—first 
paragraph is LA PRESSE introduction} 


[Text] Francophone high officials in Ourawa are the 
boldest advocates of a radical retorm of the Constitu- 
ton 


Ottawa— Angurshed. apprehensive. demoralized... Con- 
fronted with the calling into question of the federal 
apparatus, the Francophone “mandarins™ in Ottawa are 
not denying their fears. Nevertheless, many see im the 
reform process in progress the coveted opportunity to 
modernize a rusting federation that 1s very much in need 
of reyuvenation. if the country wants to maintain its 
quality of lite. 


This ts what emerges from a senes of interviews by LA 
PRESSE with nine of the most influential Francophone 
semor officials in Ottawa. Many of them have partici- 
pated in—when not presiding over—the nine working 
groups formed by the Queen's Privy Council to diagnose 
the ills of the Canadian federation. The results of these 
studies will underhe Ottawa's constitutional reform pro- 


posal. 


“That the crisis 1s causing anguish cannot be denied. But 
we are painfully aware of the present system's shortcom- 
ings. We are convinced of the need for a change. This 1s 
the coveted opportunity to make major adjustments.” 
says Mr. De Montigny Marchand. under secretary of 
State for external affairs. 


The failure of the Lake Meech agreement “deeply disap- 
pointed” the Francophone “mandarins,” who had been 
hoping i would end Canada’s existential crises, making 
it possible to go on to other things. But the death of 
Meech also plunged the country as a whole into a process 
of serous reflection. It rs serving as a catalyzer, as a 
unique Opportunity in the country’s history to carry out 
a true retorm of the federation 


Within the working groups that are studying a new 
constitutional arrangement. it 1s the Francophone higher 
officials who are pressing the hardest toward a radical 
reform. “A minority, mainly Anglophone. 1s defending 
the status quo.” savs Mr. Marchand, “but the majority 1s 
pushing toward change. One thing 1s certamn: It 1s the 
Francophones who are showing the most boldness in 
calling the present structures mto question.” 


Therr position derives from the fact of thei greater 
sensitivity to Quebec's demands: “In the course of our 
careers, Quebec's frustrations have often struck deep 
down to our very gut.” But above all. they are among the 
first to recognize that the Canadian Constitution 1s out 
of step with the times and no longer answers the require- 
ments of a modern siate confronted by fierce imterna- 
tonal competition 


CANADA 13 


Some analysts even term the present federal syvsiem 
patently “outdated ~ Conceived m 1867. 1 establishes 
adisinibution of powers among the provincial govern- 
ments based on the reality of that ume 


According to Alain Gourd. deputy minister of commu- 
mications, Ouawa does not have to be present every- 
where. Decrsronmaking centers can be brought closer to 
the population—as 15 clearly being demanded by u—so 
that efficiency ana distinctive regronal characteristics 
can be brought into closer harmony. And then. there 1s 
that famous federal det of 400 bilhon dollars |Cana- 
dian} that 1s compelling the federal government to 
tighten its belt... 


Ruffled by Allaire Report 


But although Ottawa's Francophones are ready to talk 
about decentralization. they refuse categorically to jus- 
ufy ut solely on the basis of the string of Quebecors 
demands, particularly as they are expressed in the PLO's 
[Quebec Liberal Party's] Allaire Report. The situation 
simply cannot be viewed through the eves of this prov- 
ince alone. 


“When one’s efforts are centered on Quebec, one forms 
the impression that all problems are exclusively Que- 
bec’s. But when one works throughout Canada. 
becomes clear that the same problems often exist in the 
other regions as well.” says Deputy Minister of Employ. 
ment and Immigration Michele Jean. who rreviously 
was deputy minister for Quebec 


The PLQ’s Allaire Report. endorsed by Prime Monister 
Robert Bourassa. irritates the Francophone mandarins 
because it proposes a new unidirectional redistribution 
without a “Canadian vision.” 


“This report can be summarized as: What is mine is 
mine and what 1s yours 1s negotiable.” says De Montigny 
Marchand. “Thes ts the philosophy that underlies the 
report, which +s so lacking im coherence as to make il 
difficult for me to take it senoush~ 


On the whole. the Francophone higher officials find this 
ciation of the present federal formula’s shortcomings 
wanting in all the domains i mentions. Michac! Coron 
deputy minister of finance. who previously occupred the 
same position om Quebec under Jacques Parizcau 
expresses Outnght “disappointment” The report. he 
says. passes over federalrsm’s “successes” in silence. and 
especially over the fact that, through federalism, Canada 
has been able to pull itself up and become one of the 
seven mayor industrial world powers 


Neither do these higher officials agree that Ottawa 
should be held solely responsible for the present tedera- 
vion’s inefficrency. And they reyect Quebec's accusations 
of inequity: “Tl take exception to ther saving that nothing 
here works. (..) Many of us have gone all out to ensure 






































14 CANADA 


equity.” says Huguctic Labelle, deputy minister of trans- 
port. “(_.) It all we are gorng to do 1s throw everything 
overboard. we will lose what has been acquired at the 
Oost of great cfion.~ 


Some are also convinced that federalism has proven its 
flexrbility. Alarn Gould pots out, without batting an 
eve. that many icgrslative acts umplicitly recognize Que- 
bec’s uniguc character. Polos relating to cultural 
affairs and communications are proof of this. he savs 


\ Pan anadian \ ision 


The Francophone mandarnns approach the constitu- 
thonai rssuc from a pan-( anadian. indeed a world view- 


pom 


During their work on the remodeling of the country. thes 
havc sought. together with their Anglophone collcagues 
to determine what Canada as a whole needs to do to 
prevent its berg stalemated by the European and Asian 
industrial powers. The reality of this problem 1s inescap- 
able 


“We are on a helleshly tight bind.” says Mrs. Jean. To 
whech Mr. Caron adds: “We no longer speak of national 
norms. but of the need to obey norms sect by interna- 
tonal competition — 


To put the federal apparatus on a sound footing and 
reduce the duphcation of programs. the federal manda- 
rns are prepared to give free rein in several admonistra- 
tive sectors to the provincial governments, which “have 
become high-caliber public administrations ~ Though 
sparing of specifics. the mandarins nevertheless do not 


FBIS-WEL -91-135 
1S July 1991 


dens that such sectors would include cultural maticrs 
language. immigration. health 


(n the other hand. the Canadian tederateon will have to 
further imiceratc ts regions trom the cconomax stand- 
port. The moeption of an industnal decline 1s as much 
to blame tor the regoonal frustration as are the C onstitu- 
thon s impertections—i!f not more so—thes say Also to 
blame vs the flagrant lack of coordmation among the 
provinces with respect to education. micrprovincial 
trade. and especially the regulation of financial institu- 
tons. all of whech renders the country tl-cquipped to 
contront international competition 


These arguments are being debated at length by the most 
mnflucntial semor officials. m the course of the work 
berng done by the Privy Council and Joe Clark's Federal- 
Provincial Relations Office. and have already made thei 
way into the speech from the throne. They wall find ther 
place m the constttutbonal proposal that Cttawa will 
present in September. Stull to be found, however. 1s the 
tormula needed to persuade the provinces to accept the 
coonomn and industrial strategy that Ottawa plans to 
propose to them. in exchange for the powers 1 intends to 
cede to them. “In ther own interest.” savs Mochel C aron 
“the provinces should jon the club” 


An ambitious program that some Francophone manda- 
rons would rather were more radical, as does Mir March- 
and. who openly preferes a Canada with five regions 
rather than | provinces. And what if that docs not 
work” “We would have to bury our heads mm the sand 
ostrich-like. to avond realizing that. should the debate 
take a certain turn, many Francophones will teel driven 
to a soul-searching with regard to ther very allegiance. 
asserts Raymond Chretien. under secretary of Sate tor 
external attairs 





FBIS-WEL 91-135 
15 July 1991 


hohl Urges SFRY Factions To Renounce Violence 
LD140716349!1 Belerade TANITG in English 
POON GMT 14 Jul 9! 


[Text] Bonn. July 14 (TANIUG)}—CGerman Chancellor 
Heimut Kohl has again urged a peacetul settlement of 
the crises on VY egosiasia on the bases of an understanding 
among the republrcan leaderships 


Asked what be found more mmportant. a people's nght to 
self-determination of good relapons with the EC mem- 
bers which have difficulties wath thew minontics. Kohl 
rephed om an mtervy-= published by the German dail 
FRANAFURTER ALLGEMEINE ZEILTUNG on 
Sunday that “tor me. thes question does not arise in thes 
was. | find « emportant at present that the conflict m 
Yugoslavia be settled peacetully and that the peopic 
there can live om treedom.~ 


Asked if thes could be achieved without recognition of 
Slovenia and Croatia. Kohl rephed. “future will show 
thes The confronted sides should firs: invest cflorts for 
reaching a reasonable solution by peaceful means. while 
renouncing any use of force ~ 


“ht ss our wesh that the political representatives of the 
republics themselves find thei way and reach agrce- 
ment. For me. it rs emportant—and this 1s an essential 
foundation of my poloy—that the mght to selt- 
determination and respect of the minority mghts should 
be the decisive pre-requisites of peacetul dev clopment ~ 
sand Koh! 


He added that “precisely the Germans have every reason 
to advocate the mght to self-<determination because thes 
were able last vear to bring about the unity of their 
homeland through tree sclf-<determination ~ 


Kohl said that the forthcoming group of seven summit in 
London would urge “assistance tor the purpose of sclt- 
assistance” to Sovect perestrovhka He desoermbed the 
“speculation about a drsintegration of the Sovict L mon” 
as a “toolish poly” because a “success of the Sovict 
reform polis rs om the interest of Europe and the whole 
workd © 


Possible Recognition of Croatia, Slovenia U reed 
LDIOCTIICS!) Berlin ADDN of German 10820M) 
i: Jul v/ 


[Text] Ansbach (ADN+}—The Christian Social U mon 
[CSU] os callong on the Federal Government and the 
other FEC states “to present the prospect of recognizing 
the independence of the Republics of Croatia and Sio- 
vena after the expory of three months” if by then the 
disputes between the republics wrinen Yugoslavia are not 
over A resolutvon passed today at the “Small Party 
Conterence” of the Christian Social Union mn Ansbach 
most strongly condemns the “brutal actions of the V ugo- 
slay Army which are unconstitutronal and against inter- 
datonal law ~ 


GERMANY is 


The European Communi, and th ( ouncid of European 
Foren Monerstcrs has clung to the unity of the \ ugostas 
tederal ste'c for too long. the party charrman. Finance 
Monester Theo Wangc! sand. “ht was a false signal to the 
Marat forces om Vugoslavia™ The peoples of \ ugo- 
slavia want to be finally free, W ange! sand. For thes reason 
the declaration demands a solutwon hased on the trans- 
hon cither to a loose confedertion of statcs of to lasting 
secession by mdinedual republws. The FEC and as 
member states should mmmediately, sop thew financial 
and to Y ugesias sa and “take turther surtablc political and 
cconomen measures” to tulfill them demand tor a 
peacetul and Lasting solution to the conflact A cease-fire 
docs not satesfy these conditions for recommencing 
financial and 


Waigel Calls For Shared Western (Aid for USSR 
LDIF SO891 Berlin ADS on German 14205 OM 
13 Jui i 


[Text] Mamburg (ADN}—Two days before the G7 
summit. whech begins in London on Monday. Finance 
Minster Theo Wangel (CSU) [Christian Social Union] 
has pointed out the lymited possibilities of the Federal 
Republic om giveng and for the coonomic reconstruction 
of the Soweet Umon. In an interview with “WELT AM 
SONNTAG”. he demanded a “tai international shar- 
ing” of the financial burden of and for the Sovict U mon 
and other states on Eastern and southeastern Europe 


Wage! stressed: “We Germans will fulfill all the com- 
miments we have made to the Sovict Unmon. It 1s also 
clear, however. that financal weshes on the part of the 
Soviets gorng bevond thes cannot be borne by us alone In 
an international sharing of the burden. all Western 
mdusinal Countries must take on this task together. In 
thes tt must be recognized how much Germany has so tar 
supported the processes of reform om the East. which 
benefits the entire Western world and not only us Ger. 
mans — 


Immediate decrsons on and are not the arm of the 
London summit. but i rs a matter of “clearing the path 
into mternational organizations such as the IME and the 
World Bank for the Soviet Union with the arm of full 
membership and. in addition, further opening up access 
to loans sia the new Bank for Reconstruction and 
Devclopment om Europe. of which the Soviet Umon 
already «s a member” 


hurds Stage \nti- Turkish Protests in Cities 
LD1307 168291 Hambure DP ton German 181° GM7 
13 Jul vi 


jExcerpt]) Hamburg (DPA}—In connection with the 
serous drsturbances in Divabakir on castern Turkey on 
Wednesday. a total of some 1.800 Kurds demonsirated 
mn several German cites today against “Turkish state 
tcrrormsm. ”” There were acts of violence mm Stuttgart, 


Karlsruhe. and Hamburg Windows were smashed in 
Turkish consulates, and m Stuttgart a number of cars 

















16 GERMANY 


were damaged. A total of 23 demonstrators were lempo- 
rani, detained across the country 


Protests in Cologne and Frankfurt passed off without 
modent. In Cologne the Kurdish Worker's Party had 
called tor the demonstration. [passage omitted] 


Plans for Mass Deportation of Poles Denied 
LDIO07I1 13691 Berlin ADDN on German 10390) 
12 Jul 91 


[Text] Bonn ( ADN}— The Federal Government docs not 
know of plans for the mass deportation of Poles who are 
m Germany without a residence permit Government 
Spokesman Dieter Voge! stated thes today on respnsc to 
an enquiry from ADN 


Yesterday GAZETA WYBORCZA reported that 
Warsaw did not rule out the forcile deportation of more 
than 100.000 Polrsh citizens after the German Cronvern- 
ment tightened its rules on the toleration of foreigners 
without residence permits According to Polish este 
mates, there are currentl) 150.000.200.000 Poles om 
Germany whose presence ts tolerated without a permit 


Finance Minister Meets With Polish Counterpart 
LDIO07 10399) Hambure DP 1 in German 0918 GMI 
12 Jul 9! 


[Text] Dresden (DPA VWD)—Finance Minister 
Juergen Mocliemann and Polish Finance Minister 
Leszek Balcerowrcz met in Dresden today tor German. 
Polish cconomic consultations At the start of the talks 
Mocliemann said that a new quality of Cooperation rs to 
be developed with this meeting. th first sence the signing 
of the German-Polish treaty on 17 June The two min- 
ters intend to discuss the problems in the cconomn 
relations between the new laender and Poland. cross- 
border regional cooperation. as well as and tor Central 
and Eastern Europe 


Aftcs the consultations. talks are planned between ‘he 
two ministers and mdusinalists from the new and ofc 
lacnder In the afternoon, Mocilemann and Balccrowrs 
miend to take part in the screntific advisory counci! 
session at the Economics Ministry on Dresden 


Opening FC Market Viewed 
LD1307°094991 Hambure DP tin German 1200GM1 
12 Jul 91 


[Text] Dresden (DPA VWD)—Economics Minister 
Juergen Mocllemann has spoken in favor of a limited 
opening up of the EC market to goods trom the Eastern 
European reform countries of Poland. ( zechostoy akia. 
and Hungary. After economic consultations with Polrsh 
Finance Minister Leszek Balocrowincs, Mocllemann sand 
in Dresden today that tt would make more sense to open 
up the market than to just grant financial and 


According to Mocllemann. a commission made up of 
representatives from the ministries of the Economy 


FBIS-WEL -91-135 
15 July 1991 


Finance, and Agnculture should be formed to cxaminc 
the possibilities of giving Polssh goods access to the E¢ 
market. Here the problem arcas of textiics. sce! and 
aerculture, where quantity limits would have to be 
tw. TOduced. are particularly “tricky” Mocliemann 
described a complcte lifting of the EC external protec- 
thon regulations as unrealistic 


Ralocrowsz gave a reminder that a swift and positive 
solution to the question of exporting Polrsh goods to the 
West » 42 “ymportant condition for the continuation of 
the rctorms™. Poland's situation 1s difficult because the 
Sovect market has collapsed on the East. and at the same 
tume there are trade restnicthons in the West 


J_ast Soviet Naval Unit Withdraws From Country 
LDISOC130°91 Hambure DPA in German 1236601 
1S Jui 9! 


| Text] Sassantz (DP A}—The Sovict fleet withdrew its last 
navy units from castern Germany on Monday Following 
the wethdrawal of two warships from the Sassnity nays 
port on Rucgen, for the first tume on 45 years there are no 
units of the Baltic fleet left im castern Germany The 
tarewell ceremony was attended by representatives of the 
Federal Navy and numerous residents of the island [ot 
Rucgen}] Ships of the Federal Navy escorted the cor- 
veties to the boundary of German territornal waters 


Military Concerned About UK Forces’ Presence 
LDBISOCUSS°@! Berlin ADN in German 0625 GM 
IS Jul &? 


[Excerpts] Berisn (ADN}—Afiter France's announcement 
of its withdrawal of military contingents by 1994 at the 
latest. and while the withdrawal of Sovict troops—to be 
completed by that date, too—r1s going ahead as planned 
Greerman military circles are mmecreasingly expecting a 
more mtensive debate about the stay of other foreign 
troops im Crermany 


According to them, this debate will be fucticd by the 
recent remarks by the Britrsh ambassador to Bundestag 
deputies in Bonn) ADN has learned from well-intormed 
sources, that he 1s sand to have expressed British interest 
mm the molitary traning arca Colbitz-Lectzhingcr-Hewe 
north of Magdeburg in Saxony-Anhalt. which is cur 
rently still used by the Sovict Western Group [passage 
omitted] 


(serman experts also sand the Britysh intentions are an 
attempt “to establish themselves im Germany © In thes 
connection they refer to Britesh troop reduction plans 
according to which only a tank division forming part of 
the NATO rapid deployment force is to remain in 
Germany. Because this “does not make any sense for the 
defense of Germany.” however, there 1s no reason why 
the unt has to tram m Germany. the experts say 
Military circles now fear thes will once again tuc! the 
public debate about the future of military traning arcas 


[passage omitted] 





FBIS-WEL -91-135 
15 July 1991 


Chancellor Kohl Seeks New Laws on Move to Berlin 


LD1207 104491 Hambure DP 1 on German 0954 GMT 
11 Jul 91 


[ Text} Bonn (DP A}—In Chancellor Helmut Kohl's view. 
the Bundestag should regulate the parliament's and 
government's move to Beriin in two laws. Together with 
a Bonn law and a Berlin law. there should also be a Bonn 
agreement to secure the readjustment of the city on the 
Rhine's onfrastructure. In Kohl's opimon, these laws 
should be introduced in the Bundestag in the second half 
of 199) so they can be passed in the current legislative 
penod 


It was confirmed in the Federal Chancellery today that 
after the summer break Kohl intends to meet with the 
land governments of North Rhine-Westphaha and 
Rhincland-Palatinate. as well as with representatives 
from the local authorities and districts in the Bonn 
region who are affected. to discuss the details. The 
chancellor also wants to engage independent experts to 
plan the government's move to Berlin which he est- 
mates will take up to 12 years 


They would see which ministenal departments could 
stay in Bonn. The head of government, who voted for 
Berfyn on the Bundestag. has already proposed keeping 
‘he man part of the Defense Ministry and the postal 
department in Bonn. The chancellor does not rule out 
the possiblity of federal institutions, previously cstab- 
lished in Berlin. berng moved to Bonn. Furthermore. he 
intends to use hes influence to get internatonal institu- 
thons to settle on the former federal capital 


According to information. Kohl 1s also in favor of the 
Bonn area pounmng the ICE municipal railway network to 
mocrease its attractiveness 


hohl Promises New Laender Continued Assistance 


10 14070 209] Brand turt/Mamn FRANAFURTER 
1 LGE MEINE on German 1) Jul Yl ppl? 


[Ke report “Kohl Promises New Laender C ontinuing 
Comprehensive Aid” ] 


[Excerpt] Bonn, I! July—On Thursday. Chancellor 
Kohl stated that the “a sold state budget remarns the 
principal guideline” of the policy of the coalition. Kohl 
obs pously wants to counter the widespread concern that 
mayor state borrowing might endanger the financial 
Stability of the country and counteract the Bundesbank ’s 
monctary polhcy Sources im Bonn have regarded as 
unusual the fact that one day after the Cabinet resolu- 
trons. the chancellor rerterated in a written declaration 
that the spending 1s limited to 2 $ percent in the medium 
term and that the 66.4 bilhon German marks [DM] in 
new debts in the current year will be gradually reduced to 
DM25 bilhon by 1995. Al the same time, Kohl! tried to 
Strengthen Finance Munrster Wargel’s position With hes 
declaration. Kohl probably also reacted to a demand 
made by Free Democratic Party of Germany Chairman 


GERMANY 17 


Graf Lambsdorff, who called for a “reversal” im the 
course of financial policy carly thes week 


The chancellor emphasized that with its budgct resolu- 
tions, the Federal Government has confirmed its clear 
and tested financial course. In vicw of mayor national 
and international challenges. the solidity of the state 
finances 1s of particular importance The government's 
financial policy will continuc to regard the coaclusion of 
internal German unity as its main task. In the document. 
which was released by the press office. thes task only 
came second after securing financial stability. The chan- 
cellor promised that the government will provide com- 
prehensive support to the new lacnder and its citizens on 
the coming years as well. In 199). the government wy 
spend about DM110 bilhon on projects related to unis. 
which us 25 percent of the federal budgct. It 1s possibile to 
spend so much today because an coonomical budget 
policy was pursucd im the veors following 198). Kohl 
stated. Between 198) and 1989 the overall deficnt of the 
public budgets was reduced from DM 70 billhon to DM26 
tilhon That policy of consoldation appreciably wid- 
ened the Federal Government's room to mancuver im 
financial policy 


Kohl pomted out that in its budget plan. the Cabinet 
defined additional political highlights The equal distn- 
bution of burdens for familics will be turther improved 
The fiscal framework conditions for investments and 
yobs are to be improved) Germany has to be prepared for 
the demands of the single European market Kohl also 
emphasized that Finance Minister W ange! and his team 
have done a “great yob ~ Thes deserves great respect, also 
because. as a result of German unification. the Bund- 
cStag was able to adopt the 199! budgct only a few weeks 
ago. Wage! and his ministry are currcatly most success- 
fully and swiftly gong ahead with the work for creating 
European economic and monctary union 


Despite greatest efforts in terms of financial policy. the 
Federal Government with its 199) budget has given 
impulses for further cconomn growth. on particular also 
in the new lacnder, Kohl concluded [passage omitted] 


Defense Minstry Official Accused of F spionage 
LDISO> 100391 Berlin ADS on German 0911 OM! 
1S Jul 9! 


[Text] Karlsruhe (ADN)—A former construction 
director with the Federal Ministry of Defense is facing 
charges in Bonn for more than 2) years of work asa 
secret agent for the Military Intelligence Service of the 
GDR. As the federal prosecutor-general revealed im 
Karisruhe on Monday. charges “ot a particularly serious 
nature’ have been leveled against the 46-year-old Ulnich 
S. at the Duesseldorf Higher Regronal Court His con- 
trolling officer, $7-vear-old National People’s Army 
Licutenant Colonel (retired) Fritz 5. trom Berlin, has 
also received charges relating to suspicion of espronage 


The construction director had entered the adminrstra- 
uve service of the Bundeswehr as an already hired 











Is GERMANY 


ater tthe Molutars Intelhgence Service of the 


(,DR Aficr workene. among other places. m the Koblenz 
bed in Deteme Technology and Supply. he 
worked : n departments of the Bonn Defense 
Moarst: d «oh arms purchases. Me passed on 
» hes so mftormaton about all the propects trom 
sa tments that seemed to hem to be of 

Micctenes wrth cowners took place also m 
\usiria. Se rland. France. the Netherlands, and Hun- 
i rs of cspoonage were imicrrupicd only 

m 2 work break” betecen summer 1987 and summer 


AAS t moon of the sect to Bonn In GSDR State 
tx ‘ , nan trxh Honecker m September 1¥R7 


tron derector, the tederal prosecu- 
hor -eet  aenton. had always rctused any payment for 


Hie acted out of communrnt political con- 

lhe heh valec of the accused for the Molitary 

Intell NcrTs i t th GDR « also reflected m 
wivecral | rs conterred on hum” 


Nienister Warns of U aderground Stasi (Activities 


J fomrfore MELT AW SONNT 0 
blew \ peor’ Chancellor's OMihce Warns 
Ay “New | adergrownd Mas: Activites ] 
leat! B Stavenhagen (Christian Democratic 


’ , tate seocrewars on the Chancellor's Office. has 


warned agarnst underground activites bys former Stas 

(sD) state scours system] officers. “An clitest 

ns J a stoong fechng of belonging together 

stall py mone Mas: groups” Stavenhagen stated in 
an int wrth WELT AM SONNTAG 

™ s ro\pomsrlic for the coordenatron of the 

ms i serveces—the Federal Information 

‘ MND) the Federal Otfoe tor the Protection of 

the ( on 8t\) and the Moelstary © owntermtcth- 


get S \TA\D)) Pe stressed that the reduction of 
' wrent wxcal stuaton has lied to 
m among former menbhers of 


svetcm 


Trsscotest eT 


Rot R he danger of cxtremesm on general, Maven. 
wet 1 WELT AM SONNTAG) that the there are 
i wine than coeght-eoeng catremests on Cecrmany 
iis should be comsidered more dan 
. 1} merit mnterahly more acts of va 
it deal more—oiten dangct- 


Stavenhagen 


rophit. wine catrerests 


‘ tiny Htc meneter. the mocrcasong acts of 
(rorman shinheads who usually 

oo Narn. are also a cause for 
high readeness to use seotence and 
then ' mmm act. of vandalwm. they s rengthen 
7. "7 1 ft oght-wine radnalhewm 


FBIS-WEL-91-135 
1S July 1991 


Stavenhagen stated that the establishment of offices for 
the protection of the constetutvon i the new lacndecr 1s 
takong place according to schedule. The carstence of such 
offices rs necessary to drscover activities directed against 
the German democratic state, which 1s based on the rulc 
of law. on a tomely basses and to be able to correctly assess 
the danger 


Thus. “a number of hunts that the Party of Democratic 
Socialism [PDS] might be hostile to the constitution” 
have been received, Stavenhagen emphasized. Despric 
the change of name, the PDS 1s sdentical with the 
Socralest Unuty Party of Germany. The PDS advocates a 
strong communrst block.” 


Referrong to the future role of the BND department 
responsible for mntelhgence activities abroad. Staven- 
hagen told WELT AM SONNTAG that the BND 1s 
taceng mew tasks, on two respects: “On the one hand. the 
termtory of the formerly uniform communist Eastern 
ft urope has undergone decisive political changes. On the 
other. urrespective of these changes, the significance of 
some supraregronal intelligence activities has increased 
considerably om the past few years. This involves both 
reduction, the transfer of personnel, and an mcrease in 
intelhgence capacthes ~ 


The state menester beheves that the BND will play a 
ercater role on the fight agasnst illegal international arms 
deals and the transfer of weapons technology. During the 
(iulf war « became clear that not merely peace and 
securnty om areas of conflict are involved but our own 
security as well, “The conspiratonal methods used by 
purchasers of weapons require monitoring by the infor- 
mation service. particularty on the transfer of technology 


Referring to the participation of the BND in the struggic 
against international drug trafficking, Minister Staven- 
hagen stated that the fight against a “particularly mnsid- 
ous danger that poses an extraordsnary threat to a liberal 
and socal system that 1s based on the rule of law” 1s 
mnvolved here. Despite the fact that this 1s known, drug 
traffickong has oncreased constantly. “Apart from police 
actevites, ontellgence activities Concerning the countries 
of orgen. the transfer routes, and moncy laundering have 
to be strengthened ~ 


Former Stasi Employees Recruited by Police 
121207172491 Berlin ADN on German 1358 GMT 
13 Jul 9! 


| Text} Hamburg (ADN)}—Hundreds of former members 
of the Stas: [former GDR state security service] im the 
category of Unknown Employees have been recrunted by 
the CID [(Cromonal Investigation Department}. the SAT 
| televrsrom magazine program “Quadnga™ reports in 
today's edytion They are working as undercover police 
and on observation units, including those in the State 
Protection Department currently berg bust up 


As “Quadrga™ goes on to say, former Ministry of State 
Security people observed a house being occupied in 








PBIS-WEL 91-135 
15 July 1991 


Sbeorme wocks fefore a was cleared Dy the polwe A 
(1D Commmsener on Schecnn has confirmed thn 


In Dresden tree of the former IS unknown Stas 
emplovees were on the CID's ofservathon unt A iat 
ontarneng the names of these emplovecs was paswsed on 
to Swen Intenor Moeneter Arause four weeks ago A 
Weadnga” enquiry to Marcr, pressdent of the Land 
Pohoe. revealed that he has so far not been unformed hy 
Krause “Quadrnga™ has icft Mascr the test of the 


“yninowns 


tiles Naming Special Masi Personne! | ound 
PD rer —! Berlin ADS on German 1529 G7 
yy 


jText]) ADS [no datehne as recerved}—Boves of files 
arth the names of “officers on special deployment” 
‘tht ) have been found by chance mm the former Mien- 
mtr tor Mate Secunty headquarters. The MITTEL. 
DEL TSCHE ENPRESS, published m Halle reported 
vatay that some of the records conmtam mformation on 
the afentety of these clic Stas: personne! following the 
desoluthon of the Mienstr for State Secunty David 
(rll, head of the research department on the office of the 
teoderal offal responsible for the Stasi. told the news. 
paper that these are “highly cxplosive files” “We are 
checking to sce whether these documents were delber- 
ately wothheld from us.” 


[he MewWSPaPer goes On to say that the ChbE were a group 
ow 2000.000 tall tume Menstry for State Security 
poople in Mbelke’s former ministry who were infiltrated 
inte key POSHONS Of saciety. The cooneMm,. the admenrs- 
tratron. and the party. The majority of the Chb= people 
had rocened a scoond identity. inchudeng new entity 
docurnents. These mcluded a cadre file, which com- 
pletely of partially covered “membershep of the Monistry 
tor Mate Securrty through convincing proof of other 
actives” The Orb— had also boen provided with forged 
msurance cards and party documents 


Coverament Plans Dissolving SBO by Vear Fad 
HPP OS) Berlin NSECES DELTSCHLAND 
ntnrman 10 Jul Ol p 3 


|ADN ND report “Secret BND Troop Facing Its End”) 


| Text) Bonn—The Stay-Behind Organization (SRO) of 
the Federal Intethgence Service (BND)}—the top sceret 
organization of NA TOs to be dissolved Dy the end of 
the sear Thes was announced by the FRG CGovenrment 
i 4 response to a emall mquiry of the Party of Demo- 
crate Socralwoy Lett Lest, the parhamentary news bro- 
chere TODAY IN THE BUNDESTAG reported on 
Monday [8 July} Unte 1983 the tasks of the SBO in the 
PRO oncluded. om addition to gathering mformation 
trom the terntery cocupred mm the case of war, acts of 
sabotage against a potential occupying power, the 


response sand 


GERMANY - 


laternal Hard ( errency Acte ities Revealed 
12110719189! Harethere DP 1 oe German 11 OWT 
li Jul 97 


[Text] Munch (DP A+— The former hard curren. pro 
curer fee the GDR. Alexander Shak ’-4 ehodiiomsks fas 
admitted to the Foderal Intclhgemce Serve (BND) 
mvehcment on the mmtcrnatenal arms trade according 
to 2 repert om the M EDDML TSC HE ZETTUNG. Ths 
emerges. as the newspaper ericson ots bieday odeton 
trom a contadential ropert trom the bFoderal C hancctlern 
on Schalck's actrvetecs om the former CDR 


The former state screctars put the value of the arms 
trade at 1) audhom marks a voar Shakd ropeatedls 
demed links with the drug trade and terrernm “en spec 
of thorough Qgucstroning 


(om the bases of The emterv sews. Ihe ew SpapeT Pacs ON to 
write. the Federal (sovermment has a lest of forms om the 
Schak’ concern “Commercial (Coondmathen” (Rohko) 
Apart from the a comprehensive inst of Sacialest U mets 
Party of Gsermany (SED) trem mm western countries 1 
contamed on the repert. As a save. Schalck gave Roko’s 
trading volume at 5 } bulhon marks a vear. referring to 
the last vears Wetore the radial change om the GDR 


\coording to Schak’ dicgall) oMameng technology 
from the West had cost Koko arownd 2 belhon marks a 
vear and was its greatest arca of expenditure The con- 
cern had transferred | * telhon a vear toe the GDR's 
Finance Moenestry Even after Shak’ 's Matements to the 
BND. there «= a good’ deal of uncertamty about the 
locaton of Koko's cash—the Berlin state prosecutor's 
office assumes as arlaic total avects at up to 2) Dulhan. of 
whech only a small propertron has so tar hoen droo ered 
at hore and abroad the mcwspaper reports 


\ooording to the hard currency procurer, 400 mulhon 
marks a year went mmte SED general sceretary Enrich 
Honecker’s special acoownt. which the latter used for 
purchasing large amounts of bananas for the GDR's 
population om the run-ep to Chretmas. fer cvample 
A\coording to the report. the micro-clectrome equipment 
illegally oftarned Py Koko was mainly used for industry 
and not for the state security service Apart from thes, 
parts of industry were cquipped with madern machine 
tools The menrstry for state security oMamed tts most 
important techan al needs itself 


The firms founded fy Koko emplovees together with 
former business partners on Greorman-speaking countries 
are hardly able “to carn any money om Crerman trade” 
today. the report goes on to say There are mdicatrons 
that these are now dhowng deals on Eastern Europe and 
trading with Thornd World countries 


Berlin Trust Agency EF aterprive Sales FE vamined 
LDIIOCTTIOIS! Hamtere DP iim German O31 GMI 
14 Jul 9! 


[Excerpt] Hamburg (DP A} The Berlin Trast Agency for 
privatization rs selling on avcrage 20 enterprises a day 











PRIS WEL 91-1 
0 GERMIANY 1% Jabs 1991 


‘4 ; 7 tal 4 Hr wre Asirmaer ? lirws ‘te * ina ne * ix | he iin . 4 ali hg 
\g —_y mc Sch. OS Temes J Trade . Seno. (accoentong for 35 percent 25 agar 5 * 5 & 
an What ec gct Gone m he caccu mh : : hm Lamilag > mm \ tot lies 
5 Tucowlas eowld tate 2 Catenct wo th 3 «Brew! wen! View bien Purg- 8 cstcrn Pormecranmis. thx SPL) vale ~“™ 
"s ow toddas By §) dame the Trew Ag > f 4” mere nm Sarom-Anmas . 
, . > S85 cnierprracs. eth praceds of ef ™~ . perce ihurengea ™ | +. pet . 
7 marks DPS The sakes @ acu wrth @ ’ ™ am! Nah ™m > 9 merce t >> : 
“ sim? ‘ ty\te> a .  . .' g Sn ies BramicnPurg thx r fcovietas! Land etctc i SPL)? hs 
™ pwy ae ? J x nN amet rx 2 xan ats 
a»? vod <9 merce? massage oo ; 


COpemen Poll Shoes Lacreaving SPD Popelarity 


ijwn FRNA? — js 


Niners Pett tcomemecs Minister With Progectites 


+ 


Pwr rrr id V!) Ma yi in vragen OV" ae 
4 
Repewt > in The SPT) pula A rrrong 
‘ sis ie auing Text) Dortmund (DP (A>—tcomemas AE meats luc "Bx 
Miactiomann eas nelted arth oggs tonday Ms protcsiing 
Eacerpt) Bens The Saceal Dict mara “prt menmers om Dortmend As Mocllemann eas a oul 
cTmar SPL?) has wpect (he Mapes a! That wwaet to Thc more han sai moencrs “ctore the Sart of 
me che Sonntag-Wolgavt spokesperwr ' ihc mMasict sfteman cclefratboms of the ( hammer of 
SPD Prewdhem. asscwsed the results of an opimon p ( raftemen. cegs. ighters, and other propecteles flew The 
, a ahah nm SPD chposs a c sympalh COmotacs femrater eas Mot Pel as Pes CMbOwrage Bas ac 
——o., ters than the CIM CSL [C Rrstian Demo parry the cggs weeng urmiretlas Afterward Moctk 
ne | ( Prrstian Soxsal | tour of the | mann revered a deputation trom the demomstrators | 
» lacne Ihe Ceodesterg intas oper war? alas The protesteng moners came to Dortmund trom 
‘ acd 4 38) colizems of the few lachedct menes om Hamm Abicen and Berghamen Maochomann 
I Mev blenPurg- © este Pomerania amide s umpopwiar with moeners Nev use Of Pes Pern Of CUTTIng 
s “ee Anhalt and Thur mgia th SPL) « moe suPacdieoes to the West Cocrman coal indusirs 





PBIN- WEL 99-06 
15 July 1991 


Gevcrameat Matemeat oa MMolstary Prescace on lrag 
1. 1) 80! Pare OF Pe begist 
PIS GMT 1D Dal 2 


[Test] Pars. July 12 (APPS —Pramce eel rodepin os 
forces nee om seorthers rag bel mamtam them @ the 
rogeon. and has earned! Prowde 4 Saddam Huse that 
and organisations must fe alloeod to cuntimuc thor aor 
eth lrag’s KRerdrsh popelatren the presences 
announced Fredtas [12> July} 


Semelar sMatements ecre relcawd wmullancousl) i 
London and on 4 ashengion VUhes Nobeve that militar 
toross depieosed mm serthern Irag to avert the Kurdish 
perpelaters have carmoed oul ther mrvescn the slatcment 
meu & Presedent § rancor Vietterrand’s offic aad 


“The mevicplo ment of French tragps 1 therctore pow 
wiic now” ot wand adding “humantanan operatwns 
eel contenec under LN. auspices” 


France «ell comtemuc to te vegelant w far as brag 
authors are comoermed. and Parr has pounced its alhes 
mscmding appropmate warnings to Baghdad thc state 
ment adkiod 


“ibetrachen of the comtwnecd achen of the | aned 
Natoms and nongoscramental organizations in the 
regron will not he tolerated © France warned that “yt 
atrves will be taken” of brag raned any otstactes “france 
will therctore mamta a melitary prescmoe om the rogeon 
ai the apprapnate bevel on compen tion eith other cown- 
thes rmahed ” 


The statement sand the wtuaton of Aurds “om the 
lragt Turkesh Rondecr Comtenucs to Re worrning | 


brane alo pleviged Pumanitanan averstance 19 spoil 
UN. rehet operations. along with the |! other European 
( Ommunity natons 


Mitterrand Grants Bastille Day laters 
1210077 80°C) Pare. tatenne? loko Neteors 
om treme (OWT 14 de ©! 


[Imterviee with French Presdent Franco Mitterrand 
correspondents Albert du Rov bean-Prerre Elaatach 
Gerard Carrevrou, and Arlette ( habot om the Elyvwe Palace 
gardens on Pare to mark Rasille Day —tive! 


[Excerpts} [Du Rov) Grad morneng Mr Prewdent 
Thank vou for partecepateng om thes, the [1th televned 
micrvice on the cocawen of 14 July Dureng thes inter. 
view. Arlette Chatet. Gerard (C arrrevrou, loan-Poorte 
Eihkabhach. and ervectt would bke to anh vow questions 
about the mam topecal news from the emongration 
comtroverss to the Vugesiay crim and om hetecen. the 
rec of unemplowment of the first steps of the new 
goveramemt Hoecver, wnce we have pest watched the 
military parade of the Daguct din mien. the fret question 
will be as follows Watching the Pare population 


applaud the Daguct divmon and watching vou shake 


FRANCE ba 


hands esth thc ier ec ecre BoMdoring & Rethct Ihe 
vxtor. ehah the ales eon. dad not have 2 some hal 
Deter taste. wae five months affcr the sater ee are 
otage’ to threaten Nadkiam Huw 8 ith Roweeng rants 
to farce hem to rewgent the Coaefite agreements 


[Mettertrand) \ shghth Metter tater = fettcr thas 
detest. h eould have teem 2 detest for the cnc’ 
eorld. and tor the exects of aztlom te have acpi! 
that 2 man eho holds aleclulc powcr cowl eh a 
doormen of he ven. ave aad anne. 2 ough Doring 
CVwRtT snothct acughtermng Country that Nohongs to the 
wme wxcts of natom the l ened Nato To have 
accepted the firtt moc sould have Meant A vopiing 
others. and to have halted the aggrewon “as 2 funds 
mental saten tor we 


[De Row) What atout tetas” 


[Nietterrand) But txuta,. naturally Prance © met the onl 
ome emvalved. and regareong al! our entcs and hopes shoul 
what ec would hkc for the emtcrmatomal wa nets —on other 
weeds. the Perth of a uni crea! law —ec are stella hong eas 
aeas Muelupie steps mew Wc made ft om corte thal 
wettlomg the cutvianding proticems of the Maaiuilcs bast all of 
them burning—! am thomding adout thc ieract Arad 
protiem. the protiem of Lefanen tor instance and thes 
are mat the onl proticeme—eould Noo eithem the loge ota 
victors that would nea be Detter The tact that there are etell 
some proticen on brag ms a different mation Mo auw the 
goal ee had wt for ourscives hath wc ammownmed to the 
French poopic. eho were welleng to follow me. was be try 
and we succeeded im doung oto berate Aweant ft eas pot 
to coougs brag The moment the goal eas atecvod ec da 
mot want to a vup Raghdlad oF the towns on merthern brag 
(i rowsly thes cotariod drae Maas 


[De Res} Exacth ts there amy regret Nocaewe “eo are 
wonde tg who can protect [changes thought) Saddam 
Musavas people are now suffering and we fave the 
ompressson Vir Present that thc cmharge ms poorly 
reapented and Nadh emplemented Hoe long can the go 
on” 


[Metterrand) The embargo « very cfleatwe We have 
begun. and the includes the UN representatwes te 
cxamuene the wtuathon—! agree thee eret Med brag 
poeogic. eho are victors of thee offal and of thew top 
offinal and eho are suffering Nocaew of the omarge 
Furthermore aad vow Anoe ot full wcll as a resell of the 
pressure the mibtan presveure evened on brag and of 
Saddam Husain. brag texiay mest retreat every emch of The 
way 


iC arres rou) Hf tomerroe force must he uscd agarn” 


|Mettcrrand] Hf ts a question of protecting martyred 
populations those pero cuted of mawaacrod My Naddlam 
Husavn's goverament. and of fs 4 questron of letting 
thes Comntr,—lrag— arm stectt eth maclcar ecapons 
then a mebetary emtervemteen ell he past 











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FBIS-WEU-91-135 
15 July 1991 


[Mitterrand] In fact, all this is the subject of siudy and 
analysis by specialized bodies. There 1s the study from 
the Interror Ministry or the authorities in charge of 
security on whether or noi ‘o grant visas of stay. and 
there is an intervention of the officials of the Labor 
Ministry that determines whether or not we need for- 
eigners in such and such line of work. When these two 
Studies are accomplished, then acceptance follows. Thus. 
the foreigners in question are in a perfectly legal situa- 
tion and should be treated in the same way as French 
citizens. I have always said that these men and women 
should be treated decently. They are human beings who 
deserve all the respect due to human beings. They are in 
a regular situation: there 1s nothing else to add. As for the 
other, what do you do” [passage omitted] 


The French people who are worried, who are asking 
questions or cven complain prematurely. should know 
that there will be no increase of taxes. 


[Du Roy] No reduction, either’ 


[Mitterrand] | hope there 1s. | hope so when growth 
comes back and if 1s on its way. slowly. unfortunately 


[passage omitted] 


[Elkkabach] You talk about Mrs. Cresson’s government 
Indeed, you appointed Mrs. Cresson as prime minister 
almost two months ago. She did not benefit from the 
usual state of grace to which a prime minister. according 
to the custom, 1s entitled. 


[Mitterrand] The state of grace does not come under a 
constitutional provision. 


{Elkkabach] No, not at all. It has a bit to do with the 
atmosphere, the climate, and the behavior of the person 
in question. The fact 1s that the prime minister, Mrs 
Cresson, has taken unpopular and sometimes sudden 
decisions that have led to controversies. She has sand a 
few things. Therefore, | would like to ask you: Was 11 not 
the wrong good idea to appoint her’ 


[Mitterrand] The wrong good idea? It was a good idea 
Why wrong” 


[Elkkabach] | do not know. This is why | am asking you 


[Mitterrand] Yes, but I am telling you how I feel. My 
feeling is that, you see, it 1s not entirely by chance if so 
many different and qualified prominent figures such as 
Michel Debre, Jacques-Chaban Delmas, Pierre Mauroy. 
and now Michel Rocard governed for three years at the 
start of a term of office. It 1s not entirely by chance. This 
does not correspond to an institutional provision but 
maybe to a breathing period for a democracy. It 1s normal 
at the end of such a period, as would be normal at any 
other time, if necessary, to change the head of government 


jElkkabach] It was not because Michel Rocard governed 
badly, as some interpreted it” 


[Mitterrand] I chose him. and he stayed by my side for 
three years, almost as long as Pierre Mauroy. | was never 


FRANCE 


tw 
- 


asked about Pierre Mauroy. who has never ceased to be 
one of my closes: frends. Why ask me this kind of 
question” We will, | hope. avoid entering. 


[Du Roy. mterrupting] You are telling us why you have 
changed the government, but you do not tell us if today 
you would reappoint the new prime muinisicr you 
appointed 


[Mitterrand] Undoubtedly. | would say to myself Look. | 
have made a mistake by not thinking about him. her. 
consequently. | believe that today we have reached a ume 
when we musi start a new phase. I set out thrs phase to the 
French people when | changed the government. | told 
them. if you remember, that France must absolutely be 
ready for | January 1993. because on | January 1993. 
France will join what 1s known as the single market. 
formed by 12 countnes, the 12 countnes of the Commu- 
nity. 340 millon inhabitants without any borders and 
without any barners. We must then be the best. We will 
not be the best in everything. but we must be the best in 
many things to be able to do more than just manage. We 
must win this kind of battle. Therefore. | wanted to have a 
government mobilized for this prospect. and 11 1s 1s main 
task. It ss a short ime, just over one and one-half years and 
no more. It 1s, after all, a hard job. and to achieve this we 
must, of course, mobilize our forces and. as they say. give 
muxte to our industry. On the one hand. our economy 
must be adapted to this competition, and we must gct there 
with enough social cohesion to make all the French people 
feel concerned by this batvc. It 1s a huge task 


{Du Roy] Do you feel that we are on the way” 
{Mitterrand] Absolutely. Listen 


[Du Roy. interrupting] The general fecling 1s rather that 
of discontent 


| Mitterrand] There has always been discontent. You inter- 
pret discontent extremely well. Let me interpret how it can 
g0 better. In the commg months, public opinvon—and for 
this the government will honor its responsibility. and | 
consider it entirely capable, and this 1s its mission—must 
realize that nothing can happen by itself. | said cconomy 
and social cohesion, and therefore we must work—we have 
been working on it not since yesterday but for many 
years—toward the return of growth that docs not depend 
on France alone, and you know that full well, Meanwhile. 
we must modify a number of structures to give better 
training to those who work, and I go back to the same 
subject in the jobs they will do. 


[Elkkabach] You have not passed judgment on what has 
been termed the style of Mrs. Cresson, her crude speech. 
the expressions that we do not want to repeat 


[Mitterrand] But she speaks very well. What do you 
mean by crude speech” 


|Elkkabach] For instance, could not give a damn about 
the Bourse. and other things 














24 FRANCE 


[’ istterrand] Do you never talk like thrs yourself” If you 
never talk like this. you could run the nsk of being a bit 
boring, which you are not 


[Carreyrou] The problem 1s that we have never heard 
you follow this fashion. you. Mr. President 


{Matterrand] Yes, 11 1s truc, | must be a bit old-fashioned. 
What 1s truc 1s that after 15 vears of technocratic 
language. a certain way of talking that 1s very clegant and 
very distinguished and that did not always surt me—I am 
talking about the past—when I used to hear 1 spoken by 
others, I find that ut 1s healthy to have a prime minister 
who speaks clearly. who faces problems, and who has the 
courage to talk about them and who will have the 
courage and the masicry to resolve them, believe me 
You say crude words. So what” 


[Du Roy] A colloquial style and some say a populist drifi 


[Mitterrand] You say that 


[Du Roy] The technocrats say that, in fact 


[Mitterand] I do not know why the people are not liked 
very much. 


[Du Roy] But both on the mght and left 


[Mitterrand] The people. as 1 know them after repre- 
senting them during a fairly long teme—soon half a 
century—the people are very polite and very courteous. 
and they like to be treated hhkewrse 


[Du Roy] Exactly 


[Mitterrand] But. they have a living language. and Mrs 
Cresson also has a living language 


[Du Roy] In your opinion, do you think that people like 
that, that we put our foot in it” 


[Mitterrand] They like it well enough. It 1s important 
that the prime minister 1s a woman of courage, 1s 
practical, who has the sense of concrete things, who has 
common sense and energy. and who wants actron. You 
see, when we change habits, we must change the habits of 
a number of French people to win the battle of Europe 
When we change habits, 1 disturbs. It 1s truc that Mrs. 
Cresson disturbs, and there are quite a few people who 
are against, but | am all in favor 


[Du Roy] So, Mr. President, from what | understand, if 
Mrs. Cresson 1s disliked, if she takes unpopular mea- 
sures, and if she disturbs, 1 means that she governs well 
Is that the sign” 


[Mitterrand] Come on' You are distorting my words. At 
the outset, she had to start from scratch and take measures 
that were necessarily unpopular. | refer to social contribu- 
tions. She did not make the decision she was blamed 
for—namely. to have increased taxes—because she has not 
increased them and will not increase them. As soon as we 
disturb, there are, naturally, many people who 


FBIS-WEU-91-135 
15 July 1991 


[Du Roy. interrupting] Have we seen the end of unpop- 
ular measures” 


{Mutterrand) Unpopular measures of this sort. of a 
financial nature, that 1s over. 


{Du Roy] So. you prepare. | mean the government 
prepares, in this way, for the general clections” 


[Mitterrand] In other words. we restore the financial 
balances where they are threatened. They are definiicly 
threatened not by the more or less good management of 
so and so but by the beginning of a recessson. or at least 
the lack of growth in the world 


[Chabot] Mr. President. with her coarse and rude lan- 
guage. will Mrs. Cresson mobilize the French” 


[Mitterrand] It 1s not that bad. She rs charming. 1s she not’ 


[Chabot] 1 am not saying the contrary. but will her harsh 
language mobilize the left’? Will she succeed in helping 
thes left win the general clections” 


[Mitterrand] We win with firmness, courage. resolute- 
ness, and common sensc. 


{Etkkabach] Do we win with a new voting system in the 
end, Mr. President” Because, in 1986, you instilled—to a 
large extent, by the way—some proportional representa- 
tron, and some people think that vou have the same 
intention 


[Mitterrand] Large extent” Completely 
{Etkkabach] Exactly. That 1s why the dosage was high 


[Mitterrand] It was in the program of the Socialist Party 
It was also mm the common program on 1972. We were 
then absolutely fanthful to the commitments we took 


[Du Roy] Today” Tomorrow” 


[Mitterrand] It was done once of twice. | do not want to 
see multiple changes constantly imtroduced. trom onc 
majority to another. | do not have to give my opimon 
about this. I wall tell you mmmediately that | had not 
thought about 1. Morcover, all of you, and some polit: 
cians as well, are constantly saying this debate 


[Du Roy, mmterrupting] And you think 11 1s a good idea” 


[Mitterrand] | sometimes think it 1s a good idea. but the 
majority vote has always satisfied me. and | will see what 
I must do. I think that things are different for regronal 
clections and cantonal clections. | find that the way 
things are happening. considering France's republican 
traditions, 1s not nght. We can see what can be donc 


{Du Roy] For the forthcoming regional clections’ 
| Mitterrand] Why not” 


[Du Roy] It 1s on exght months 











FBIS-WEL -91-135 
15 July 1991 


[Mitterrand] So what! Fifteen days before would be 
enough. would ut not’ I do not see exactly what you are 
driving at. 


[Du Roy] You want to modify. 


[Mitterrand. interrupting] If 1 1s proposed to me in an 
intelligent and rght manner. as far as I know | am not 
against. but modifying the vote for general clection- 
s...[changes thought] you know there are not 36 formulas 
that are democratic. There 1s one proportional representa- 
tion, where everyone 1s represented. but i 1s also a 
dispersal at the level of the Parliament and the executive 
power thal 1s sometimes dangerous as i 1s a factor of 
instability. Then there 1s the majority vote. uninominal., in 
other words constituencies, as there are mm France at 
present. Sometimes, it 1s a mixture of the two. | ("hke) 
neither of them. I still prefer the majority vote, and. for the 
rest. | will see. 


[Du Roy] We have only a few minutes to tackle several 
other topics. particularly the international ones. First. 
last year. in the same interview. you announced the 
reduction of the military service to 10 months. This was 
decided a few weeks ago. Generally. do you envisage 
reducing the defense budget in France. considering the 
new imtcrnational situation” 


{Mitterrand} I do not think that the relative reduction 
has already been achieved. Currently. there are laws 
whose application has already been started. One could 
not just suddenly and quickly reduce budget estimates. 
something that would render our Army unable to possess 
the means that 1 needs. Truly. | do not believe that 1 1s 
necessary to mtroduce new cuts. If some prove to me 
that savings are possible here and there. we will do so 
We must examine the way in which we organize whal we 
call the nuclear components. that 1s. the nuclear force on 
which the French strategy 1s based. and. on the other 
hand. to develop the means we are lacking un the field of 
observation, that rs. the control of space 


[Chabot] One word about Yugoslavia, Mr. President 
You seemed extremely cautious in the face of the desire 
for independence of Slovenia and Croatia. It 1s true that 
there 1s a danger of Europe fragmenting. Despite this. 
can one go against the will of the people” 


[Mitterrand] You are going too fast mm your reasoning 
You have put your finger on Europe's major problem: a 
dual desire, almost contradictory —or at least. philosoph- 
cally speaking—contrary one. There 1s the wish for 
unity. as illustrated through the European Communities. 
as from | January 1993. as | was mentioning. the 
Common Market. There are other countries, the Euro- 
pean six. members of an association of free exchange. 
which are requesting an understanding with the FEC 

There are six out of the former seven communist coun- 
tries that are asking to sign agreements and conventions 
with and hope to yorn the European communities. There 
8 Yugoslavia, a special case. There 1s a desire for unity 
At the same tome. there 1s a desire for the idea of 
nationalities. there 1s a fragmenting. [passage omitted] 


FRANCE 28 


What | want to tell you 1s that the desire tor nationality 1s 
exercised by people. nationalities, cthnic groups. most of 
which never had a state of independence. The countnes we 
are talking about for the moment have always lived under 
the authority of an empire: the Turkish: the Austro- 
Hungarian: or the Russian empire. which became the 
Soviet empire. Their desires were contained by force. As 
soon as this force disappears. their desire reappears. hence. 
the idea of federation or confederation. to associate and 
carry out a collective political life together but by 
respecting the nght of cach. One cannot create a federation 
by using force. One cannot manufacture a federation 
through the imperialism of one of the members of the 
federation over the others. There 1s no long-lasting feder- 
ation unless the relations between the republics or states.. 

[changes thought] It 1s the case of Yugoslavia. Tomorrow, 
it wall be the case of other federations. It would be the case 
of the EC. with the mghts of minorities being guaranteed 
within cach country and. if possible. by the international 
community. If there 1s supremacy and abusive power for 
one state or republic over the other m Yugoslavia. the 
federation will explode. This 1 how ut should be. | am not 
against this. | would approve of i. But | think that as long 
as this 1s not proved. the EC position. which was the 
essential clement in keeping a fragile peace between the 
Yugoslav republics. has been a wise one. As long as there 1s 
a chance for unity, one must exercise 1 within democratic 
parameters. If this 1s not possible. let the mght to self- 
determination take the upper hand 


[Elkkabach] You will probably speak of thes with Mr 
Bush. You will, perhaps. speak of V ugostavia in London, 
where the seven will recenve Mr. Gorbachey. This 1s a 
first-tume occasion. On what condition would Mr. Gor- 
hachey be able to acquire an equal position, a permanent 
position, within the club of seven and. possibly. become 
an eighth member” 


[Mitterrand] For the moment. there 1s no question of this. 
For the moment, Mr. Gorbaches 1s invited to London. He 
wishes this himself, He will be able to talk on 17 July wath 
the seven. | was in touch with him myself, we exchanged 
letters recently to see how thrs day was to be arranged. The 
day before yesterday. in the evening. I recenved the Soviet 
ambassador to Paris bearing a lengthy message from Mr 
Gorbaches. All this 1s well prepared Entering thrs group of 
industrially devcloped countries will need further stages. | 
hope this will take place one day. but. for the moment, the 
Soviet U mon needs to find the balance of rts institutions— 
it seems to be getting there. at least the treaty of the Unron 
iS interesting from this pomt of view—and reform tts 
economy, which 1s not working at all All thes must be done 
with our help but. above all, through the will of the Soviet 
people themsely es 


{Carreyrou] Mr. President. was Mr Diourr’s expulsion a 
bad move or a blunder’ 


[Mitterrand] The government considered that Mr Diourr’s 
presence in France was harming pubhe order and the 
country’s interests. It has the mght. and as it was the case of 
a person—Mr. Diour—who had been in France for 15S 











26 FRANCE 


years and in possession of well-justified legal guarantees. 
the emergency procedure became necessary. Very well 
The legal institutions were notified for reasons of proce- 
dure, and these procedural reasons have a decisive role 
The judicial court considered that Mr. Diourn’s presence mn 
France had to be maintained or restored. This proves that 
democracy functions well in France 


{Etkkabach] Can he return to France” 
[Mitterrand] Naturally 


{Elkkabach] So the government docs not deny him the 
permission to return to France 


[Mitterrand] Absolutely not 
{Elkkabach] and if he returns to France’ 


[Mitterrand] He 1s authorized to return. but he only 
returns if he so wishes 


{Carreyrou) Or if he can 
[Mitterrand. interrupting] What do you mean by this” 
[Elkkabach] Perhaps he 1s not free to move 


[Mitterrand. mterrupting] France submits to the decs- 
sion of its courts. The matter 1s pot vet closed because 
the government has appealed. and the court will rule on 
this matter, the administrative court, the council of state 
In this case, like others, the law 1s observed at all temes 
[passage omitted] 


The government has appealed against the decision taken 
by the pudicial court, as you well know. In the meantime. 
Mr, Diourn regains the nght to be in France. He may lose 
this mght again. | do not know However, the govern- 
ment thinks, and | also think, that his presence is not 
necessary. but we are subject to law. [passage omitted] 


[Du Roy} Will you be a candidate for a third presidential 
mandate” Some would like 1. Some say you will 


{ Mitterrand. interrupting} You want to know this today” 
[Du Roy] Perhaps 


| Mitterrand. interrupting] For two reasons. | will answer 
im my own way. The first: It 1s not at 74, my current age 
or 75, as 1 will be by the end of the vear, that one can 
make such plans. It would not be reasonable. as you must 
admit. The second: On an objective level. ut would not be 
a good thing for the same man to be at the head of a siate 
longer then he should 


[Elkkabach}] What does that mean” 


[Mitterrand] The Constitution states this It es true that 
the Constitution authorizes an indefinite presence. 
does not forbid a third mandate Let us say that the 
happy combination between the Constitution and myself 
8 that | think that two mandates are not a bad thing 


[passage omitted] 


FBIS-WEL -91-135 
15 July 1991 


Bush Says Proof Exists of Iraqi Nuclear Arsenal 
1D1407 180491 Pars France-inter Radio Network 
m French DOOGMT 14 Jul 9! 


{Excerpt} The reception at the Elysee Palace to which 
7.000 had been invited this afternoon was for Francors 
Mitterrand just an intermission in a particularly busy 
umetatic. The head of state had. indeed. to board a 
hehcopter in the company of his wile to go to Ram- 
abouillet to mect US. President George Bush before the 
opening in London tomorrow of the G-7 summit. The 
last one-to-one mecting between the two men was on 14 
March im Martinique 


The talks started over two hours ago. There may be a 
news conference at thes very moment With our special 
envoys at the Chateau of Rambourllet. Annie Daubenton 


[Daubenton]} Indeed. the news conference 1s over, and 
we were cxpecting a mecting that would be a Dui hike an 
antechamber for tomorrow's meeting in London. which 
you mentioned carher. The mecting was centered more 
on the Iraq: situation than on Wednesday's cxceptional 
guest. Mikhail Gorhaches 


President Bush stressed quite clearly that today 1s the 
anniversary of France's independence. thus suggesting that 
tt as the mdependence of all countries that has to be 
erected 


The most burning port then was the situation on rag. 
about which President Bush sand that in regard to the 
reconstitution of the nuclear arsenal [ot Iraq]. ves. he did 
have proof. Moreover. the US. President added. there 
will be no normalization nor any lifting of the cconomn 
sanctions so long as Saddam Husayn remains in power 
Bush also made a distinction between the Iraq: regeme 
and its population that 1s. he went on to sav. deprree d of 
Western and by the rag: armed forces 


The rssuc of Western and to the Soviet Union then 
became a kind of postscript. since they were also anxrous 
not to anticipate the Joutcome of] talks to be held om the 
next few days The two presidents. who were clearly om 
tune with cach other, did however use some words 
without any ambiguity: Yes. we must help Corbaches to 
enable him to succeed. Mitterrand sand We are not gorng 
to spend our lives asking the question: Who came first 
the egg or the chicken” [passage omitted] 


Mitterrand Comments on lLalks 


1D1407°2113991 Pars brance-dater Radi Networ 
m brenh UMOMT 14 Jal Vl 


[Excerpt] [passage omitted] This afternoon Francors 
Mitterrand went to Rambourllet, where US) President 
Gcorge Bush was waiting for hom. The two men spoke 
essentially about the situation om trag and about the 
conterence of the seven industrialized countries openme 
tomorrow in London Francorn Mitterrand and Crcorge 
Bush affirmed then determination to prevent rag from 








FBIS-W EL -91-135 
15 July 1991 


acquiring nuclear weapons. through military interscn- 
tion if that proved necessary. Here are Franco Miutter- 
rand’s remarks at the end of the mecting 


[Begin Mitterrand recording] It was decided that our top 
military staff would remain m constant contact in order 
to inform cach other—in this case. the American top 
military staff with the French top military staff—about 
the reality of the threats thst the continuation of nucicar 
production m Iraq would represent. As for a military 
imtervention in a site, which was presupposed to be 
nuclear. | told President Bush that u was advisable for 
information to be provided to me of such a khund that 1 
would be sufficrently certain for an intervention to be 
justified. [end recording] 


As far as the G-7 summit and the aid to be given to the 
USSR was concerned. 1 will be noted that there were some 
differences between France and the United States. For 
Francors Mitterrand, Mikhail Gorhaches has to be given 
the aid that he nceds to redress the cconomi situation in 
his country. but for President George Bush. one musi not 
sign a blank check and reforms must take place before 
funds can be allocated to resolve the USSR’s problems 


Jove on Gulf Fete, Anti-Cresson ‘Campaign’ 


LDIO0- 0519] Parts Fram cdnter Radw Notas 
m French 062.0G0MT 12 Jul 9! 


[Interseew with Defense Moenister Prerre Jowe by corre- 
spondent Anctte Hardisson in Pars on 1) July — 
recorded] 


[Excerpts] [Hardisson] Grood morning. Prerre Jove Hh os 
your week with the traditional 14 July parade on Sunday 
with the Daguet division present and the shortening of 
the military service to 10 months at the Wednesday 
cabinet mecting. which also discussed defense This does 
not say much. as it 1s the president of the Republi who 
decides. | suppose he will speak of thes om hes no lew 
traditional 14 July mntervicw. which we will broadcast 


[passage omitted] 


Let us return to the subyect of 14 July marked mm the 
presence of the Daguct division. The Americans cole 
brated well on ther return from the Gulf We were rather 
discreet. although generally we are good at blowrng our 
own trumpet Is thes for reasons of international politics 
or 1s t because the war showed up some weaknesses mn 
the French military system” 


[Jove] You will see on Sunday that it 1s not really discree! 
The parade 1s to a large extent devoted to the people of the 
Daguct division France 1s one of the very few countries of 
the world where the natronal day 1s marked by a military 
parade That we wanted for 14 July with its annual military 
parade to pay tribute to the Daguct division rs. | thenk 
quite justifiable [passage omitied] 


|Hardrsson|] Do you not thenk that the dehate on rmm:- 
gratvon +s drifting out of control” 


FRANCE n 


[Joxe] What 1s dnftung ss certainly. how to pul a. a 
campaign against Edith Cresson because evervone can see 
that the decrssons being made today and all them deiails go 
towards an implementation of the law. o law that | myself 
voted for. a law that protects the nghts of ummugrants and 
others alike. The campaign against Eduth Cresson sa very 
hard and unjust onc and I beleve that on part thes 1s duc to 
the fact that she 1s a woman. It seems to me that mm politics. 
as in all professions, 1s harder for women than «1 1s men 

All of a sudden Eduh Cresson. a democrat. a generous 
woman with a full sense of pustice. was made to look as 
having become just the opposite. It rs very unjust but | 
thenk that om the coming days « wall be realized that the 
Campaign agains! her was very wrong 


Turkish Leftist Leader Killed in Paris 11 Jul 


fl 22491 Pars ARP om Enelioh 
1a M lo dul vl 


[Text] Pars. July 12 (AFP)}—Pasa Guven, an culled 
leader of the Turkesh extreme-teft organization Dev Sol 
was killed here with a bullei mm the neck. polwe sand 
Freday They sand the -vcar-old political extle was shot 
dead Thursday afternoon 


In Ankara. sources close to Dev Sol sand Mr. Guven. who 
had lived mm France tor several years. was probably killed 
m a struggle within Turkish organized crime im Europe 
Thes Turkesh Matia deals mm drug smuggling. the sources 
sand 


French pohoe desorbed Mr Guven as a burkdeng entre- 
preneur Ineng m St Schasten-sur-Lowe m= western 
France 


Mr Gruven. a former pressdent of the Istanbul Higher 
Education Association. fled Turkey legally after the 
military takeover on Sept. 12. 1980. the Ankara sources 
sant After the military government declared Dev Sol an 
illegal orgamization, Mr Guven continued political 
activites on France wate 1984. the sources sand 


He survived an attempt on hes life om Nantes m the 
Brittany, sectron of western France m May 1988 Dev Sol 
would have ordered the Nantes attempt. the Ankara 
sources sand. to punnsh Mir CGuven as “a trator to the 
revolutronary cause — 


French pohoe sand they were excluding fo motives m 
mvestigating the billing 


Visit by President Mitterrand to Tunisia 
Was sade! 


For Tunman and French reportage on the vist Dy 
Presedent rancor Mitterrand and hrs accompanying 
iclegation to Tunisia. including reports on hrs talks with 
Presedent Ben Ah. please see the Tunma section of the 
1? July Near East and South Awa DAILY REPORT and 
subPsequcnt rmesucs 





* ITALY & VATICAN CITY 


Plane Possibly Shot Down by US. Missile in 1980 
40 120720599! Rome 1N\S 1 Enelesh 10006M1 
1) Jul 91 


[Text] (ANSA) Rome. July 12—The discovery of a 
surtace-to- ar marssile engine beside the wreckage of an 
Kahan asrloncr whech plunged into the southern Tyrrhe- 
man |! vears ago kellong all S! people aboard was 
confirmed tata, by members of the parliamentary com- 
Mission envestigating the trageds. Sergro de Juho of the 
Independent Lett and Christian Democrat Giuseppe 
Zamberictt: 


It was also learned that the missile engine on the sca bed 
off the coast of LU steca. an rsland north of Secily. was not 
photographed for the first ume Finday. by the Britrsh 
firm Wimpol. as reported on the front pages of the 
nation’s press today The engine was initially spotied 
four years ago. by the French occanographoc and salvage 
company Itremer whech. at the tome. was bringing up 
pieces of the DC-9 wreckage for Itahan magrstrates mm 
charge of the pudsciary’s investigation into the disaster 
The presence of a missile component. filmed by a 
mim-sub at a depth of 3.500 meters. was reportedly 
logged onto the Itremer work book 


The wreckage was that of an Itahan DC-9 which crashed 
mio the sca off the coast of Usteca. an sland north of 
Sicily. the neght of June 27. 1980. near the end of a fight 
from Bologna to Palermo The plane was owned by the 
since<detunct Itavia arrline. the domestic subidiary of 
the Itahan flag carrer Alvtiaha 


The discovery of the missile engine mm 1987 was not 
made public. sand the chairman of the parhamentary 
commrssson. Libero CGualtien, because the French firm's 
work books were delivered to the commrssion “only 
recently ~ According to De Juho and Zamberictti. the 
term used by the French. “engin molitaire.” sa cus 
tomary micrnatronal term for a messile engine of a pari 
of a missile De tubo also reported that there were pages 
missing from the Hremer work books 


Also mentioned in the books was the sghting. but not the 
recovery. of an wnedentified “hore nore” of Mack box, 
apparently one of the DC-9's fight recorders In this 
connection. De Jubo and Zamberictt: sand they had 
doubts on the work performed by Hremer and an Itahan 
company. Tecnospame: of Genoa. named by the Itahan 
Magistrates to manage the research and recovery opera- 
thon 


De Julbo saed that during Hremer's work at the site there 
was “an mncrediMe sery.s of accents” and that the hulk 
of the arrlener has been “broken up” as a result 


The two members of the commission spoke of a number 
of pornts to be cleared up but De Julio sand that the 
missile om question was made m the United States and 
certainly deploved at the ume by NATO forces 


FBIS-WEL -91-135 
15 July 1991 


A spokesman for the US. Embass, in Rome recalicd 
Statements rssucd carher according to which on thal 
night on late June |! years ago. “there were no US. Sixth 
Fleet naval or air units operating in the Tyrrhenian Sca~ 


Serbia's Foreign Minister in Rome for Talks 


LDINOOOSS9! Belerade TANIUG in Enelish 
MOIS GMT 11 Jul 91 


[Text] Rome. July 11 (TANJUG)}—The Yugoslav crises 
must be resolved through acgotiations. without the use 
of force. tahan Socialest Party Secretary Bettrno Cra 
and the Yugoslay Republic of Serta’s foregn monistcr. 
Branko Mikasinovic, sand om talks here today 


Mikasinovec will take part im the mecting of senior 
government officials of the working communnty for the 
central and sovthern Adnatic mm Urbino near Ancona 
which begins on Friday 


Satrstachion was cxpressed during the talks with the 
European Community's (EC) engagement so tar on the 
peaceful settlement of the Yugosiay crrsis 


Mikasinovic sand after hes mecting with Cran: that Serta 
hoped for negotiations on the settlement of the Y ugosiay 
cress on the bases of the proposals of the EC and the 
Conference on Security and Cooperation mm Europe. the 
htahan news agency ANSA said 


Andreotti, Montenegro Prime Minister for Peace 


LD120°7043391 Belerade TANIUG in English 
ISSYGOMT Ii dul vl 


[Text] Rome, July 11 (TANJUG+}—Prime Monster of 
the V ugosias Republic of Montencgro Milo Dyukanos x 
who arrived i Italy on a working visit last noght. sand in 
Rome today that from the beginning of the \ ugostas 
crises, Montenegro has urged for a peacetul and demo- 
crate solution and the preservation of \ ugostavia’. 
imtegrity 


Dywkanovec made thes statement in talks with Itahan 
Prime Minister Gauho Andreotth Dyukanovn mtormed 
Andreott: that Montenegro © accepted without reserya- 
trons Europe's goodwill mrssrons to Yugoslavia as well! 
as the Broom Declaration 


Andreott) revicrated Italy's well-known stand and urged 
for a peactul and democrat solutvon to the crs im 
neighbouring Yugoslavia. sand Dyukanovec Andreott 
also stated the ltahan Government's stand that “all the 
Vugoslay peoples should find an interest in presers ing 
the integrity of the Vugosiay community ~ 


Dywkanos ic later told a press conference that Y ugostayia 
was “entering a more ratronal phase in which those «ho 
decided to live m a jornt state, could come to an 


agreement on the functions and contents of thes port 
state However. « would first be necessary to clear up 
the dilemma on who wants to. and who does not want to 
live mm a pornt state. sand Divkanovic 








FBIS-WEL -91-135 
15 July 1991 


Germany's Genscher Meets Cavaco, Seares, Pinheiro 


Forecasts Political U nion 
LDIOQOCISSI91 Berlin ADN om German 1248 GMI 
1> Jul 91 


[Text] Lesbon (ADN}—Foresgn Monster Hans-Dictrich 
Genscher expressed optimism this evening at the Palacio 
das Necessidades that the EC. currently consisting of 12 
members. will on the long term develop into the U nned 
States of Europe. with over 20 members. In a speech on 
“the future of Europe.” he said im the long term all 
members of the European Free Trade Association 
(EFT A) wall youn the community. These prospects of an 
accession would also have to apply to the countnes im 
Central and Eastern Europe. This way. the EC would be 


drawing the consequences from the end of the div rsion of 


Europe. it has never seen itself as a Western European 
organization and a closed society 


In Poland. Hungary. and the CSFR. the magi word 
“Europe” rs mentioned in every political discussion. 
Genscher added The community hopes thrs 1s giv ing the 
people there the strength to pull through the current hard 
tomes. Fears cxrsting in some partner countnes that the 
accession of new members could lead to strains for the 
old members are being taken scrously but will prove 
unjustified Any country willing to accede must Culfill the 
political and. above all, the economic requirements for 
the accession. Therefore. such steps will not be taken in 
a hurry 


Deepening the community and transforming i into a 
European umon will also create the necessary apparatus 
and the necessary decision-making structures. the min- 
ster affirmed In addition, economic and social cooper- 
ation on the community will be strengthened. and. after 
all. Grenscher sand, the extensson of the EC to the south 
by Portugal and Spain has shown once more the positive 
dynamic effects new admissions can have on the com- 
munits s turther development In the end. a wall be 
recognized that extension will also achieve European 
unification and complete the Un ted States of Europe to 
the benefit of all 


With the extended responsibilities of the center for the 
prevention of conflicts in Vienna and the emergency 
mechanism adopted by the CSCE foreign ministers at 
the Berlin conference. first steps were taken to cnable 
Europe to act also om criss setuatvons. Genecher con- 
tinued It should be considered to create European “hMuc 
helmet «units and. tor the protection of the natural 
resources. “green helmet” units 


The foreign minister reminded hes audrence of the state. 
ment by the 38 foreign ministers at ther Berlin confer. 
ence that only the Yugoslay peoples themscives could 
determine ther own future The EC and the CSCE do 
not have a magn wand that can solve the \V ugostay 
centunes-old problems overnight 


re ples pre yhiems 


PORTUGAL »” 


thal are intensified even more by the ndcologial con- 
flets between the old power structures and the new 
democratic forces in the republics 


Stresses Small States’ Rights 
LD1207191191 Hambure DP 1 in German 1823 GMI 
12> Jul 91 


[Text] Lisbon (DPA}—Federal Foreign Monester Hans- 
Dietrich Genscher has called for European “blue 
helmet” units In addition. “green helmet” groups 
should te sct up for the protection of the natural 
resources, Genscher sax’ on a speech on the “tuture of 
Europe” on Lisbon this evening He s om Lisbon on a 
working vrsit 


On the planned political unvon of Europe. the moenester 
sad: “The United States of Furope will be a federal 
Europe.” There must not be and there wil! not be a 
dominance or a “board of directors” of the bigger 
countnes. The mghts of the smalicr states must be 
preserved and secured Parallel to thes, a commutice 
could be created that gives the regions of Europe the 
chance to rafluence devclopments. Genscher suggested 


Al a news conference carlict he came oul mm tavor ota 
further strengthening of political cooperation on Europe 
as has been shown in the FC Bron: compromise on 
Yugoslavia. Genscher’s counterpart. Joao de Deus Pin- 
heiro, announced that the Portuguese EC presidency 
which will begin on | January 199). will work toward an 
imtiensification of relations with the Maghreb Latin 
America. and southern Alfrma 


Genscher. who also met with State Presedent Mano 
Soares and head of grvcrament Anibal ( avace Silva 
will end hes veset on Saturda, and return to Bonn 


Ministry Outlines EC Funding in National F conemy 
1 Prrso ved iy) Liston Riv Jmrorma "a 
im Portuguese 1200GMT 8 Jul 9! 


{Test} Since 1986 Portugal has recenved a total of 50 
tilhon escudos’ worth of EEC funding A report trom the 
Ministry of Planning and Terrtonal Admonrstration 
states that these funds allocated to Portugal represent 6 
percent of the total investment in the Portugucse 
economy during the same period of time The moenrstry's 
report was published last week at the end of a seminar on 
structural funds Present at thes seminar were govern 

ment officials responsible for finance and planning and 
ternional administration The arms of the meeting were 
to assess and pul imto perspective the use of the struc 

tural funds within the framework of the potrtecal coo 
nomi. and monctary union 


it will be recalled that. untel 1993 Portugal mm stl to 
recenve from the FEC an additional 900) bullron esc udos 
Most of thes amount has alrcads been negotiated hut has 
not vet been sanctioned hy the EF aropean © ommrssron 














w SPAIN 


Government To Fad Kurdistan Deployment 14 Jul 


LD120°194691 Madrid RNE-1I Radio Networ- 
im Spanish IS00 GMT i? Jul 9! 


[Text] The Spanish Government has decided not to send 
another contingent of paratroopers to Kurdistan to 
relieve the last group of Spanish soldiers that rs still there 
and will be returning on 14 July Thies decison cancels 
the planned sending of | 4) men im the newt few days 
which was announced by the assistant Army choct of staf! 
last week 


Castro To Visit After 199) Ibero- American Summit 


Palco 212 Y!) Madnd ERE om Spanish 1834601 
I> Jul 9! 


[Text] Madnd. 12 Jul (EFE}— ficial sources have told 
EFE that Cuban Presedent Fidel Castro has accepted 
Spain's official ims tlation to participate om the scoond 
summit of Spanish-speaking heads of state and govern- 
ment which will be held on Spain wn 1992) These sources 
said that Fidel Castro and other Ibero- American heads 
of state who will be attending the first Ibero- American 
summut in Guadalajara ( Mexrco) on 18 and 19 July have 
been invited to Spain 


During the Spanish summit Fidel Castro will meet with 
King Juan Carlos and Spanish Presadent Felipe Cronza- 
lez 


In addition to these official meetings, the C whan prew 
dent “will have the good fortunc” of berng scated newt to 
Felipe Ceonzalcz at the “V owe of Ihero America” concert 
that will be held on 18 July at the Teatro Degotlado im 
(suadalajara 


To avon protocol problems. the organizers of the Cuad 
alajsara Summit cast lots to cstabinsh the scating arrange 
ments for the 2! heads of state and govcra™ment. cvcept 
at the head table ond for the family photo. which must 
adhere to official rules Nevertheless only Meawrcan 
President Carlos Salonas de Crortan’s official photogra 
pher will be allowed to take the first photograph of the 
ercat Ihero- American family 


Following the summits in Mearco and Spann. Bras: will 
the the therd country to wecloome the Ihero- American 
leaders om 1993 for another summit. the purpose of 


*hich—trhe the prev sous onces—eill be to promote and 
comsobdate the Communit, of Thero Amerncan natrons 


FBIS-WEU -91-135 
15 July 1991 


At the meeting in Mexico these three countries will be 
established as the Ibero-Amencan tno in charge of 
hosting these institutional mectings 


FIA Claims Attacks in Spain, Germany, Italy 
LDIS00U9 1591 VUadnd RNE-1 Radw Network 
) \nun ow i,Wi I: dui v/ 


[Text] [Announcer] The Basgue Fatherland and Liberty 
[ETA] has just clanamed responsibility for the latest 
attacks. yuncluding those carmed out mm Italy and Cier- 
mans. The terrors! group threatens more attacks on 
prisons and prison officers. This 1s stated on the commu- 
mgue published today im the [Basque] daily EGIN. A 
report trom Javecr Gueclbenzu mm San Sesastian 


\Guelbenzu} In a communique published Dy the dary 
EGIN, ETA claums responsibility for five attacks 
including prominent ones in terms of their scale carned 
out on the Seville One prison fon 28 June] in which four 
people died and the one in which three National Police 
homb disposal officers were killed in Madrid fon | July} 
when they were deactrvating a parcel bomb In the 
communiguc the terrors! organisation descmbes the 
Seville attack as serous because nt beleves that there 
were sMocent sictoms. although #1 revicratcs its intention 
to carry out further attacks on prison officers until thes 
change ther attrtude toward ETA prisoners 


The ETA communique also claims responsibility for the 
attack carned out on Italy [Rome] on the Viajes Ecuador 
travel agency jon 22 June. when the bomb in gucstion 
was defused) Finally. last night an anonymous caller 
speaking on behalt of the ETA clarmed responsibility tor 
the attacks carned out thes week fon 1! July] on the 
Spanish Consulates on Dussecidort and Munich In con- 
nection with thes the German poloe have offered a 
reward of 60.000 pesatas to anvone providing informa- 
thon on the attack carnea out on the Spanish ( onsulate 
in Munich 


l nemployment Falls for Fifth Consecutive Menth 


LDITOSOIV! Madnd RNE-1 Radio Network 
emia WT ll Jul 8! 


" \Nngee 


jExcerpt)  nemployment mn Spain tell again in June. tor 
the fifth consecutewe month. 27.044 people left the lrsts 
om the unemploved But thes figure has a counterpoint 
that grves the authorities of the Moenrstry of Labor, the 
trade umons as well as emplovers food tor thought: The 
number of pohs continucs to creep down UU nemploy 
ment 1s fallong. but less pots are berng created [passage 
omitted] 





FBIS-WEL -91-1345 
iSJu 1991 


Finland 


Vaevrynen Favors CSCE Peacekeeping Force 
LDIOV-USISS! Helunks Suomen ) lersrad: 
m Finnish 1800G MT Il Jul 9! 


Ne fucwe 


[Text] Foren Moenrstcr Paavo Vaevrynen 1s in favor of 
establishing a peacckecping force of CSCE countries 
According to Vaevrynen. the crises on VY ugosiavia has 
shown detects un the CSC E's crrses mechanism. therefore 
special aticntion will have to be pard to the devclopment 
of the CSCE’s security system at the CSCE follow-up 
conference to be held om Helsemks neat vear Foreign 
Minister Vacyrvacn also thinks that the present cmer- 
gcncy Mecting system of the (SCE can be used also with 
regard to the Baltec, of necessary Jarkko Juschus reports 


[Jusehus} According to Foreign Monrstcr Paavo Vacy- 
rynen the events on Yugoslavia have brought to hight 
detects mn the CSCE’s corse mechanism For instance 
there are no actual regulations concerning the sending of 
CSCE observers to V ugosiavia. although the new emer- 
ecncs mecting procedure of the CSCE has already been 
applied to Yugoslavia. Foreign Moenester \ acvrynen says 
now that he sm tavor of estabirshing a CSCT peace- 
keeping force. The Finnish Moenistry of Foreign Affairs 
so far has not made proposals or decrssons on the CSCE's 
own peacekeeping force. but the matter rs under drscus- 
son, as Vaceyrynen says. Foreign Monster Vaceyrvncn 
thinks that the CSC E security mechanism will have to be 
developed mm the tuture Vacevervacn himscl! socks a 
model in UN peacekceping operations 


In answer to a question about how the European dev clop- 
ment affects the agenda of the CSC E tollow-up conference 
to be held in Helsemks neat vear, Foreygn Minister Vaey- 
rynen rephed as follows. with regard to security policy 


[Begin recording] [Vaeyrvnen]| In regard to security policy 
the question will certamnly crop up of what conclusions are 
to be drawn trom the events in Yugoslavia, and how the 
CSCE security system should be developed on the bass of 
these cxpernences Above all. it 1s necessary to consuder, for 
mstance, whether it well be necessary to have some hind of 
European peacckeeping system within whose framework it 
would be posse. on the same say as the United Nations 
does. to send observers and peacekeeping troops im a 
situatron in which a decrsion would be taken jountly on the 
hasis of prevsousty agreed procedures. on other words. that 
there would be such readiness 


[Jusechus) Is Finland behend the sca of a European 
peacekeeping force at thes stage’ (€ sechoslovaki has 
alread, proposed some kond of European torces within 
the CSCI 


[Vaevrynen| We are comsidermng these questions. as 1s 
happening in other countries, too At thes stage we can only 
know that. with ;ogard to \ ugostavea, ot has already been 
decided to send military and crv shan observers on the haves 
ofa (SCE decrsson to supervise the agreement reached 
Then. aith regard to the future it would seem sensible to 


NORDIC COUNTRIES u 


have some kind of permancni svsicem within which we 
could act of semilar sstuatons ococur later Thes well be 
discussed together. and we for our part will in that connec- 
thon have to adopt a more detailed stand on the maticr ht 
iS My personal assessment that there ap «ars to be such a 
need 


Juschus] But in your specch vou already seem to fovor 
the wica” 


|Vaevryacn] Well, ut docs seem to me that « would be a 
good idea fend recording} 


[Juschus} Concerning the current situation in Y ugoslavia. 
Vaevrynen says that Finland 1s ready to send observers if 
certain conditions are fulfilled. In practice. thes means that 
Finland will send observ crs when the ins itation comes and 
it ts confirmed that representatives from Switzerland and 
Sweden are also invited to youn the observer group 


[Begin recording] [Vacvryvncn) With regard to thes emer- 
ecncy mechanism we have agreed on an emergency con- 
sensus so that the support of |} countrnes 1s required for 
taking up a particular maticr in an emergency mecting, tor 
convening an emergency Mecting But the actual decrsions 
still have to be made by consensus. Thus. for mstance. 
discussing the Baltic situation well take place within thes 
framework. tf a situation arises that on general gives rise to 
the use of the emergency mechanism 


[Juschus) But. on principle, Finland has nothing against 
the use of the emergency mechanism in the Baltic 
gucstion if such a reason arises” 


[Vaevrynen] If such a reason arises. then natural’) a 
must be possible to use the mechanism [end recording] 


Defense Minister Returns From Meeting in USSR 
CSC Ferce Inappropriate 


121207790891 Helunks Swomen Vierradw Network 
m birnneh 100001 12 Jul 9! 


[ Text} Defense Minister Elisabeth Reba does not comuder 
the establishment of a CSC E peacckeeping force appro- 
priate In her view. the UN's peacekeeping possibilities 
should be dev cloped before planning a (SCE peacckeeping 
force Minester Rehn returned home thes evenmng trom a 
visit to the Soviet Umon where she was veseteng at the 
mvitation of Defense Menester Dmitriy Yazov During the 
discussions Rehn touched on the Miets-29 anrcraft deals 
No offers for the arrcraft were made If any arrcraft deals 
are concluded. the deal must absolutely) be an offset deal 
according to Minister Rehn 


Cites Results of Trip 
121207100491 Helunks Swomen Vlerwradte Networ 
m binneh 1500 GWT 1 Jal 9 


[Text] Defense Minister Elisabeth Rehan has just 
returned home from a vrset to the Sovect Limon Rehn's 
host was the Sovect Defense Mivaester Dimitry Varo 








n NORDIC COUNTRIES 


Defense Monestcr Rehr «as mtecrvececd at Hebsemhs 
Vantaa Arrport bh Tuula Keoppala 


[Begin recording} |Avoppata] Detense Monestcr Firs- 
beth Reh. were amy desk concluded on the Miets-29 
fighters during \our trip” 


[Rehn} ¢ criamly not. hocause thes was not a commercial 
inp. whech « something gurte different The was an 
Officsal vest, during whech | acguamted anveclf eath 
many different places | had talks woth Marshal Varo 
who « also defense muneter I met members of the 
highest jcadershup. but deals were not drscuseed at all 


[Kvoppala| Was any «ar matenc! procuremeni drs 
cused” 


[Rehn}] Naturally we ducussed the tact that there have 
heen talks over the vcar about what thes vear's trade quota 
iS It es known that our trade negotiators carer reached 
agreement on what will he bought and on offset purchases 
bul thes was not connected with the trp We noted wath 
Satrstacthon thet 2 soluthon has foen achecved. ehach can 
te presenicd to the govcrmment perhaps newt eeckh 


[Kuoppala) More precisets 
( ouncs! of Slate neat week” 


what well he agreed om the 


[Rehn}) The « pure route ft ms connected with the 
year s hudgct The allocatooms that the Dect has approved 
for thes vear have now hoen brought to a conchewon tor 
thes vear A ftinve-vcar budget has been drafted The 
possiblic offset purchases well be discussed Every thang 
will be discussed hy the C ounce of State newt week I 
hope of the following wecctk 


[Kuoppala) Did vou have drscuwssoms arth Monester 
Varzoy dureng the vet on the violence toward Balin 
COSC TIM Ss” 


[Retin] We dad mot discuss that Ht was more a question of 
princepies and of the possePelety of undependence fend 
recording} 


Norway 
burepe Movement lo Begin tC) Membership ( ampargn 


PUT) peered ok TE NPYISTIEN oe Noreen 
li sdul Vind 


[Milde Marthe report “Vew-Sede’ Steps Up the Fight] 


[Text] Thes tall the Ferope Mowement m Nora, well 
laumh a mayor offemsnc for Norwcgian membershup on 
the FC Industry and Commerce arc throw ing themect es 
mito the tight, and the ( cntral boderatren of Norwegian 
Industry will grant > millon kromer to the movement tor 
its information work the vear alone 

m the £¢ dehate well 


Asa result an organised (ves sede 


enict the arena. where wp to now the “No to the 4 
movement has hoon more of lew om sole contrat The 
motilizatron hy the Europe Viow coment eel conmtrbwte t 


BIS WEL 91-16 
15 July 1991 


aman wicesiicaton of Noreas's fC debate BRecaew 
at ahout the samc tome as the cxcalatoon of act eecs on 
the part of the Europe Movement. the Labor Party will 
hogen its dchatc on membership 


The Europe Movement has contacted a long it of 
Ofganizabom 2nd indnnduah to find money for the 
many cipanvon of ms actinides And the Norecgian 
Shipowncrs Fodcratron and the Norecgian Rank Awe 
when hase confirmed that they ell support the offen. 
sve Accordeng to mtormaton recemed hy APTENRPUS. 
TEN. these organizatooms ell together Contribute almost 
amuihbon kroner But as far as AP TE NPOUSTEN has boon 
atic to aswertam. the trade umon mov coment has pot yct 
heen asked for moncs 


“Developments on Europe endaxcate thal our organization 
showld comudcrahs step up as acters. om both the 
miormatheon and the orgamvatonal frekds We have to 
hooome more cflectrve And 2 ccsoletven to thes effect eas 
adopted at our natronal congres Deck om April” sad Ka 
Eude. deputy leader of the Eur cement on Norway 


He saed that an acdhemenestratiy< . 
and thal over the saeemer fou 
mrocment s ncew and meore chet: 


was roocath «<t up 
sare plans tor the 
geet atpowns 


“The towndateon os currently bheung las for acters etecs that 
will contenuc for 2 long tome mite the fetere | de not 
ean to Comment on the wre of any Comtrhetrom. fot | 
can confirm that ec have rocened Pewine rewpenees 
trom contributors ahewt the wre and temetaite of the 
comtrbutroms fhe sas 


Will the Europe Mow ement finals take the plunge and 
hooorme a totally “Ves te the FC” movement” 


“Tam worned about such a label because &f cowl creat 
the empreween of a crusading orgam atron The FE erogx 
Mowement eas formed as le. apo as 14949 and has 
broader arms than sem campangeng ter bt) member 
step But of course our wish to bring Norway onto the £4 
will now be our mam task” Ede cond 


( entral sowrces at the € ontral boderatren of Norecgian 
Industr, hase confirmed to APTENPOARTEN that the 
tevierateen has ect asede > millon bromer tor comtnbhe 
thom to the berane Miowcment the vear Ip the last two 
years Comtributroms have totabed 608) 0) db romecr 


The conmditren attached te the comtrefteens mm that the 
turope Mow ement must prodece a plan outhneng how the 
organisation rs to fe cxapanded on ondet to fhe atic to mate 
the most cflectiwe use of the money There m also agree 
ment that the FC) offemuse ell onl he lawnched emce the 
EES [Europese Foomemn Space! agreement « om place 
Neither the > deratren ner the FE erope mow cment «ants to 
upset the Norwogian authorities megotiatrcmns 


The (Central Federation of Noreogan Industry nm also 
been to aves’ the open ear that took place m Norway 
prev to the the 19°) reterendem ft has therefore 
virewsed thal the moneys eell he enent on mformather 
aborwt the \ anrows pro wpe ts offercd hy Norwogian mere 
heortep—and eet on 4a propaganda . ampagn 





FBIS- WEL -91-135 
1S July 1991 


US. Peshing Turkey to “Greater Intransigence® 
NC 12078097 Necoes AMAR ADT 08 Gree’ 
13 Jul Vipi 


[Ednonal ~Reung Intramugence™| 


[Test] The UN scoretary general's intervece wath MIL- 
LIVET. whoch makes « clear the ( yprus msec well not be 
ws od during the remarnder of hes term (91. months) on 
owt opemon reveals that Perez de Cuctlar dod not awert- 
tan a change on the Turkesh postion after hes contacts mm 
Istanbul and Marmarn ft 1 ots sous he was not abic to 
reduce the gap hetecen the two wdes. and thes os mnds- 
cated on hes statement thai Retecen the feo Communitics 
“There are very screows differences m veces af thes 
moment — 


( cowrse, berng om Turkey and conmdermg the con- 
toneeng cflorts by the Unted Natons and the | nied 
Mates to break the deadiact over the Cyprus meuec, the 
secretary general eas partecularh carctul and avouded 
attrebutong rosporsetebets 


Amsecrng a qucstion on whether Denktas 1s obstructing 
a solutvon, Peres typecally sand “1 do not we an otstacte 
trom an oedinedual The difficulties that cant concern 
the hasan proficms None rs related to an undisdual and 
ms hot personal ~ 


Surely ona Matement of cexpedrence Theres 1s wo because 
Perey knows very well who Munth repected hes “ndeas” 
tor 2 solutron of the Cyprus mew As he also very well 
knows eho caused the meeteng on New York on February 


14) to tall through 


In bes Mtatement to well-inown MILLIVET reporter Ab 
Rerand. the UN scoretary general sand that “the only 
wetutror that Cannot he accepted hy anyone on the nland 
% the drvrwon of Cyprus mite two parts ~ 


Rut «| « known that the New Vork talks ¢ 4 not have a 
successful ending due to the Turkish ¢ ,prot leader's 
annoying mustence on two states Peeudo Prome Min- 
mter Derves Eroghe dees not get tered of dectareng that 
“the sofetron om bes heart” 1s the current partetron of the 
miand Stell. the day hefore yesterday. m a Gatement 
Denktas cnweted on the nght of separatron om cave of a 
tevieral selutron. sommetheng that once more shows hrs 
PeTeesticnt comcentratren on choowng partitron 


Is thes way of thenkeng got capressed on bes clear prefer. 
ence tor a contederatron and om bes efforts to make the 
area. whech eel be ender the Turkish community's 
comtrol purely Turkesh” Cl sously the secretary general 
wants to prewrve oF even strengthen every avaratic 
hope on powshelity fora satutron no matier how wall 
str oferows that we need more wbstantial practical 
help trom these whe are m a powhon to de w to 
oo eroome the great deffiowltees Presedent Bush stated he 
wants to play the rote of a catalyst, Bat with bes lates 
Vatements, « wom thet even he homeclf docs not 
hehreve be can play thes rote Me allows « to he endicated 
that he will pot exert too muck prewere on Antara. the 


CYPRUS x 


sade that holds the UN resolutions and prncpics m 
contempt. In MILLIVET. Denitas already scoms to 
have strongly crvetcured the US. Prewdent. who did not 
refer to the leadership of the Turkssh Republi of 
Northern Cyprus [TRNC] durmng bes intervice wath the 
same Turkesh acespaper The umedlengness of the US. 
leaderstup to talk clearly and strongty to Turkey pushes a 
to greatct emiramugence 


Ankara and Denitas inwst on treating the pecudostaic 
equally eith the micrnationally recognized Republic of 
Cyprus. In close cooperation, they prepare the ground 
tor recognetvon of TRNC We do not beheve Atakol’s inp 
to Pakestan vs orrciev ant. The efforts to gam access to the 
Ittamx Comterence will peak om August 


All thes clearly outhnes the Turissh strategy: Rising 
miranugenec’ to face powshic preveurc and a shift toward 
our wde Let us be vigilant and prepared to face them. 
Thew messages are clear chough 


Spokesman laterviewed on Bush Visit, Policy 
VO 14071173991 Necoma ITH on Greek 
14 Jul V1 p 15 


[Interview with govcrament spokesman Ake Fandrs by 
correspondent Nanwa Palala-Aharndh: at the govern- 
ment spokewnan’s office in Necoma on 10 July] 


[Excerpts] [Kitaredin| Before we move on to the latest 
dev clopments. ict us see how the etuation was modified 
m the last few months In your operon. what caused the 
recent motuity arownd the Cyprus msuc” 


[Fandes] The motelity 1s the result of intense government 
activity, whech was planned during the Gulf cries. 1 also 
was intenmsifeed aficr the \ N resolutroms on Kuwart were 
passed and were w clear that they allowed us to schedule 
a serees of actroms on the Cyprus meee Bawcally our arm 
was to acheesvc some motel) with however, a substan- 
thal conchuseen the cflorts for a solution 


[Khardin| What actroms did you take” 


[Fandes| Presedem V corso V asshow's contacts, as well 
as the contacts by the foreign menestcr and other govern- 
ment officrals fall withen the framework of our poloy 
The Unwed States. the EPC. and the UN Scourrty 
Counc permanent members were the focus of these 
contacts: We have the reselt mm front of ws 


[Khandh:| How de you onder the emportance as well as 
the cflectrveness of these actions” 


[Fandes| The positron of the U meted States and of the UN 
secretary general are of prmary emportance The peak of 
the 1S. enterest ms. of course, the Bush vret to Athens 
and Ankara. as «was cxplaned by the US. Prewdent 
hes eptervece Femail). the peak of the US) powton was 
exprewed with the Baker letter to the Turkish Govern. 
ment 


{Kharndin] What do you mean when you say peak” 














M CYPRLS 


|Fandrs) Our poston. ehoch currenth 1s the poston of 
the imtcrnatonal community. eas rccontirmed im 
Baker's letter To acteeve some progress. the Turkish 
sade must change its postions | comsider the fact that the 
spoilgitt = turned toward Ankara as 2 grea, actocve- 
ment. In anvtheng that concerns the sccretarn gencrai, | 
teheve that Ses stalic position. ehech says he well not 
call tor Lalas unless he scoures mm ads ance 2 Com cTgcTC’ 
of seces. 6 2 Iremendous ap m the mght direction 
[Passage omitted] 


|Aharddty) As sou sand carher, the peak of the motelets os 
the Bush vist to our areca Some people reached the pount 
of supporteng the adca that the leader of the only super- 
powcr txlas “rs cOomeng to our place” to gam some 
conceswons from Turkes What 1s your assessment” 


[Fandes! The Bush ses certamml ver empertant 
Gesprte the tact that the Cvp.us meee well not fe the 
cuclusive wssuc of drscussmons 


{Kharndiy| ht well he the focus. The Grech Gaserament 
Stated that 1 1s first on the agenda 


| F anadrs| Vos. fo well be the promar top m Crreece 
atele ft also well have an emporiant position on the 
agenda tor the Ankara talks. For the moment there 
personal imolement by the US) Pressdent—that he 
and hes gov crmament want to act as catalysts to help the 
( \prus meue. a proficm that « personally handled 
LS Seoretary of State James Baker I beheve these tacts 
hm themsechves define how oemportant thes syst is 


[Kharndt:| But Mir Bush made ut clear be docs not wish 
to let hes seset arse hopes. That ns. he would not want to 
give the ompressson that hes vest here well solve the 
( \prus meu 


|F andes] He os nght. ht does not depend on hem. that « 
he Cannel cTmrect Turkes Resides. the role and 
mportanc: of Turkes are well known om our arca Ht ns 
enough for someone to look at a map om order to realize 
the control ft has over the areca 


[Aharedihy! Let us examone another view that «rumored 
that the Bush srsit 1s a reward for Turkes's offer during 
the Crult orves. and that, mowdentall). the Cyprus rmsuc 
will he discussed 


[Fandes| Thes seem ne emenediatels resected hy Bush's 
Statements _ | heheve thai only the fact that the U anted 
States decided to comeder the Cuprus msec when other 
mternatonal msucs such as the Palestinian one and w 
forth are pending rs remarkaMec [passage omitted] 


|[Kharndn}| Let ws move on to Ankara Do we have any 
imdicatrons on anything concerning the practnal pro- 
posals that Turkes was asked to sult om order to 
actually show its goodwill” 


[Fande}| We do not know We do not have indicatoons 
that Turkey 1s comssdermng to show goodwell or that rt wll 
positively) reply to the cought msucs raned hy the tN 


FBIS-WEL -91-135 
1S July 1991 


scoretars general | am pot sayeng that ots posston ell fe 
nogatrve. but | cannot define 4 as positive, esther 


i\Khardin) Then how do vou caplan Ovals statement 
that “now os the tome to solve the Cyprus nssuc™™ Is thes 
3 Matement of cxpedbence oF an mndicaton of hes real 
iMicAlons 


|Fandes) As 2 Malement « os mteresteng | do not have 
amy fexerv atoms about sayeng ft rs different from other 
statements hy Turkssh officals But to Be convincing. 
axchoms must folloe 


| Kharciiu| Let us suppose thal these statements remain 
just slatements and the result of all thes effort 1s negative 
Have we planned our future actions” 


|Fandes} At thes moment we are m the center of the 
dev clopments. and «ts natural that all of our efforts are 
armeng to secure a positive result. If, however, the 
Turkish sede unfortunatels remains stable. then the UN 
scuretary general will submit hes report on WO) August and 
we well not wt with crossed hands 


|Kharndin| What are we gorng to do” 


|F andes} Wethen the framework of the national council 
and of the coordmaton with the Greek Government, | 
suppose that we will dewgn an action plan. as it has been 
deouted om the past. Our efforts well never stop 


[Kharniite) So there a strategy. despite rumors of the 
opypersitc 


|Fandes} (9 course there « a strategy. Which 1s our 
strategn aem” The acheevement of a just and viable 
solution of the Cyprus msuc under a federal regume All 
of these have been descussed and agreed upon fy the 
nathonal cownc:l both om our severalday mectings im 
Decormbher 1488) as well asin the unanimous proposals of 
lanwary 148° (hur lone and tactics were reconfirmed im 
the pornt Commengue meued after the nathonal counc 
meeting attended the Greek prome minister By 
comung along every so often and requesting rees aluation 
and recenfirmation of our Mratcgs. “¢ are causing 
notheng but confusion We know our arms and the ways 
m whch we well acteeve them Those eho regucst 
ree’ aluation and recomfirmation of soush mean on how 
to Ramdle the situation and on the regular movements 
Rul «ts well known that currentl there are drsagree- 
ments 


\Kharnity) Could « fe that the repeated reguest for 
ree’ a2luatoon vs an ondvcatron of rasecurtty” 


|b anaes} In my opemon. the mann characteristic that goes 
along with these regucsts, ehether these come from 
politcal partees of from molated groups, « that while 
thes desorihe the system as general and vague. no one 
evet came to give a specific alternative strategy not even 
on how to handle the alternate polos What docs 
ree. aluation of our strategy mean” First, we sect the arms 
Ie we want a federal Cyprus of do we reject the 
tederahon’ Do we want dialogue on msucs of substance 





PBIS-WEL -97-15 
1S July 1991 


of do we want a solution hy other means” What are the 
other means’ War’ Do ee want the sstuaton to roman 
the samme and wart untel umcrnatbonal wtuatons  hange ” 
Those “ho support all these, who disagree wath the 
current Mrategs. should not offer moompicte measures 
They showld conclude thew vices and sulfa proposals 
It thes neyect the foderaton, the negotiations clic. thes 
will have te sulbma proposal on our polos They well 
have lo prepare a compicte [framework and present ft to 
the (ereck and Cypnot Governments and to the poopic 
[passage omitted] 


‘CL bear Message’ in Bash Statement Omitting Deaktas 


NO POT 29T Necowe O PILELELTHEROS 08 Greed 
Ay Ig v/ P ; 


|P rom the “Leberal” column “An Indicative Clmewwon”] 


| Text) lt cannot and should not escape our attentoon that 
the LS. Presademt made a special and very compicmen- 
tary reference to Presdent Goorge Vashou, whom he 
deserted as an “evtraordmary leader.” while he com- 
pletely avonded making any reference to Raut Denitas 
Thos os not accndental hh cannot be acodental From thes 
poent of seew. a clear message os Derng comveved. which 
% fot errelevant to the hind and form of soluthen the 
| neted Mates desires. In any case, we themk of indicates 
approaches fy Washington that are attached to the 
wmifed state and certaml not to the “ogualty” as 
Denktas and Ankara mean a 


Reservations EF vpressed \bout Bush \ isit 


V0 2 20887 Nico PROING NE 1 oe Grew’ 
‘i sul Vip l 


| ommentan ty Loos Andonmow!] 


[Text] The Bush vest to Athens and Ankara. which 
promecs much will tun inte a general exchange of 
sre™S OM aM thing Concerning the Cyprus msuc and well 
mot offer anything more than what Turkey currently 
wants Extemwen of the deadlock and the pernad for 
making dev roms 


Dypiomaty officials were saying vesierday ~The longer 
contacts and exchanges of views take. the more sawep- 
tic the weak wide hocomes © 


Foren Menetry corcles note that despite the efforts of 
the Cereek sede. the Cyprus neue eel not he wethen the 
premary topecs of dicuwsen on the agenda of Prime 
Vieeester Romstandinoes Mitsotakes and US President 
Loonge Hush 


The |S turneng pout occurred followmg Turkish per- 
weicnoe © fot submetiing proposals on the terrmtonal 
and refugee maues. as well as after the Turkish enstence 
om a drcwewon of the Cyprus meue af the level of a 
quadrpartite Comference 


CYPRUS “ 


The Turkesh powhon lead the US. sade. partecularts 
after UN Scoretarns General lavect Pores de Cuctiar’s 
contacts om Turkce... to reevaluate the prontcs for the 
Athens. Antara trip 


Diplomat offhuah mote that the downgrade of the 
(Cyprus mue abo somes 1S. polos. ehach, given the 
important dnagroements that wontinec would mot In to 
mmpicment a praccdurc that edll he unsuccessful and 
trom ehh US) respomeidelitics would obs soasly 
omenge 


Theretore, Present Bush socom to Be accepteng the 
Turkish vices on the procedure to promote a salution to 
the ( vprus msec, whack prowedes that the “US. mterest™ 
msocvpressed after the Comchuweon of the C amibon-b creel 
contacts and after the submiawon of Perez) report to the 
UN Socurts Counce one month 


ht « expected that Bush vest eel focus on 

—the diousmeon on ways of reapproachement Netecen 
Corecce and Turkes 

—the tinamial and defense rmsucs 

—the discussion of larger prof&icms such as the Balkans 
and the Mediicrrancan 


Political observers assews that the promotion of these 
maues will Contmbute to Crealing appropnatec Conditions 
«© that the saluton of the Cireck-Turkesh meus well 
proceed on a wngle package It ms known that the U ated 
States rnclades the ( yprus mawe on Coreek- Turkish msees. 
somethong Bush stressed on recent Matements 


it s expected that the UN scoretary general well he more 
ative when the United States moves mite the “hack. 
ground.” 


The UN secretary general's vent to Terkes fell wethen 
thes reasoneng. ul he ded not manage to gct any pre 
posals from Turkey om the terrmtonal and refugee meucs 
mn order to turn to our wide and ask for Comoe mons on the 
COMsMMitutional msuc 


Foren Moenstry corctes sand that the wenane had 
hooome a mghtimare for the menestry and stressed that if 
Turkey submits proposals and the UN secretary general 
asks om bes coperts to the UNSC [UN Seowrty Counce] 
that Ht approves bes proposals comcermeng our wide then 
we well he on a difficult postion whether we report the 
proposals of the secretary general or accept more parntul 
wet ens 


These fears are supported fy the fact that Peres de 
( wellar and bes aserstants. (scar Cameron and Crastay 
bersecl have a Peston of supporting medeay sobutroms 


Peres gave a sample of bes dangerows perception om a 
statement after bus meeteng eth Turkesh Present 
Turgut (val in ahah he referred to the suc of podete al 
equality and strewed “The Creek Cypriots as well as the 
Turkesh Cyprots should clarity thew poston on thes 
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FBIS-WEU-91-135 
15 July 1991 


Government Said Unprepared for Bush Visit 
NC1407174091 Athens ELEVTHEROTIPIA in Greek 
14 Jul 91 p 10 


[From the “Opinions” Column: “Bush's Will] 


[Text] Glad tidings for the government. US. President 
Bush 1s coming to Athens. The prime minister's milicu 
whispers that this 1s a personal success for Mitsotakis. 
Bush's visit to Ankara, following Athens. will be pre- 
sented by Ozal in somewhat the same way. 


Neither Athens nor Ankara know the U.S. President's 
imtentions or mood. Is he coming as an interlocutor or as 
a boss? Is he bringing proposals or 1s he holding a whip? 
Will he discuss or dictate U.S. conditions for the new 
order of things on the Cyprus problem and Greek- 
Turkish relations? 


One thing 1s certain: The US. President is not visiting 
Athens or Ankara to express US. gratitude to Mitsotakrs 
and Ozal for their active support in the Gulf war. He will 
express this sentiment to the Greek people from the 
parliamentary rostrum. He 1s coming, however, only for 
private talks. A surprise could be tragically unpleasant 
for the Greek Government. 


The problem 1s not trying to figure out the intentions and 
mood of the US. President. He has made his opinion 
known. He wants the Cyprus wound to be healed and 
Greece to be reconciled with Turkey. He does not care 
which of the two countries pays the price. By definition 
he 1s neither pro- Turkish nor pro-Gireek, nor does he care 
about who 1s right. He wants the wounds to be healed. 


If Bush were interested in a just solution to the Cyprus 
problem and the resolution of Greek-Turkish differences 
in accordance with international law he would not have 
to visit Athens. He would have to visit only Ankara. He 
would be welcome in Athens if he came from Ankara to 
announce that the Turkish Government recognizes 
Greek and Cypriot rights 


Consequently Bush's will is unknown and Athens 1s not 
adequately equipped to deal with his good intentions or 
whip. The government has not prepared enough to 
present the US. President with a national strategy 
worked out by all the country’s parties. It has not forged 
a solid national front in order to defend convincingly 
and decisively our national rights against any intentions 
and moods of the U.S. President whether he comes as 
Bush or boss. However, let the government be sure that 
it will have the support of all of us if it hold talks with 
Bush and not with the boss 


Premier Announces Border Disarmament Proposal 


NCO1I207 184597 Athens ET-1 Television Network 
in Greek 1625 GMT 12 Jul 91 


[Statement by Greek Prime Minister Konstandinos Mit- 
sotakis, followed by news conference with unidentified 
reporters, place and date not given—recorded] 


GREECE 37 


[Text] [Mitsotakis}] Today the Greek Government issued 
to the Governments of Turkey and Bulgaria an official 
proposal for disarming the areas on the common borders 
of the three countnes. Greece proposes the complete 
removal of all offensive weapons—tanks, armored vehi- 
cles. guns. fighter planes, and assauit helicopters—so 
that all causes of military tension can be climinated and 
an atmosphere of trust and mutual security can prevail 
in the sensitive areas of Greek Thrace, European Turkey, 
and the corresponding areas of southern Bulgaria. 


This proposal 1s part of the Greek Government's active 
Balkan policy and ts an expression of our country’s 
enthusiastic desire and unwavering pursuit for stability 
and peace in the Balkan area. which are being particu- 
larly tested at the current time. 


Our proposal obviously falls within the spirit of the new 
Europe and of peace and cooperation with our neigh- 
bors. and has become possible following the recent 
historic changes and the elamination of the confrontation 
between the East and the West. The Greek Government 
expresses the conviction and hope that Turkey and 
Bulgaria will accept its proposal. 


As you know, a short while ago | summoned the Bul- 
garian ambassador and the Turkish charge d'affaires and 
handed each of them an aide-memoire containing the 
proposal and requested them to immediately convey it to 
their respective governments—something that certainly 
will take place this evening—and we will be awaiting 
their reactions, which should come as soon as possible. 


1 would also like to add that this proposal only contains 
the principle of the agreement, and technical details will 
have to be discussed. The road will be easy, however, if 
the groundwork has been prepared for all three countries 
to agree. The concept of offensive weapons 1s clear from 
the treaties that recently have been signed, and the entire 
initiative 1s Compatible with the spirit prevailing in the 
CSCE and the current atmosphere in NATO. I am sure 
that our proposal will be favorably received by the 
international community. the European countries, and 
the countries in the Atlantic alliance. This 1s what | 
wanted to tell you, and you may now ask your questions. 


[Reporter] Mr. Prime Minister, how do you think the 
other two Balkan countries will respond to your pro- 
posal? Are you optimistic” 


[Mitsotakis] | do not know, because—as you under- 
stand—not one hour has passed since | handed the 
proposal to their representatives here. | can say that | 
hope the proposal will be positively accepted, because | 
sce no negative clements in it. | see only positive 
clements. Naturally. our government ts concerned about 
the conditions of political instability that prevail in our 
area and wants to use this proposal to contribute deci- 
sively to climinate the sources of tension and to build 
conditions of trust and mutual security. You know that 
Bulgaria has expressed its concern over the presence of 
Turkish, and perhaps Greek, military forces near its 
borders. It 1s surely possible that other sides feel the same 











Ww GREECE 


way. and we belicve that this proposal 1s an honest 
proposal. has absolutely no ulterior motive. and fails 
within the spirit of our times. I have every reason to 
believe that 11 1s a proposal that will be viewed positively 
by the neighboring countnes to which it has been 
addressed. 


[Reporter] Mr. Prime Minister. | have two questions. 
The first 1s whether this proposal perhaps means there 1s 
an effort to start a Greek- Turkish dialogue. The second 1s 
that, given the fact that Turkey recently made provoca- 
tive actions against our country, why do you hope that 1 
will accept the proposal. and why do you think that the 
proposal will favor Greece and that the Turks will keep 
their word if they accept i” 


[Mitsotakis] Dialogue with Turkey ts a firm Greek 
policy. and I am pleased. because the Turkish Govern- 
ment has a similar policy toward Greece. The new prime 
minister, Mesut Yilmaz. has specifically expressed this 
idea, and President Turgut Ozal has always steadfastly 
supported it. In fact, Ozal recently made ut clear that he 
wants a substantive, high-level political dialogue—which 
has always been our position, as you know. Our dialogue 
will not be hindered, but will bo facilitated by a proposal 
for this kind of agreement. which will improve the 
atmosphere of the relations between the two countries 
Beyond this I cannot say that I have seen any provoca- 
tive actions by Turkey recently. I have seen some man- 
ifestations that were certainly unfortunate, but | do not 
in any case believe that they were part of a deliberate 
government policy. On the contrary. | want to believe 
that the Turkish Government 1s absolutely sincere when 
it proposes a serious and substantive dialogue 


[Reporter] Mr. Prime Minister, if your proposal 1s 
accepted by the Turks and the Bulgarians. will the 


FBIS-WEU-91-135 
15 July 1991 


discussion clarifying the areas under its jurisdiction 
include, at least im the negotiating stage. the Acgean 
islands and the Asia Minor coastline” 


[Mitsotakis] I have defined very clearly the geographic 
area where the three countries are neighbors. A pact of 
nonaggeression and cooperation with neighboring 
Turkey, as you know, 1s on the agenda. It 1s one of the 
issues we are discussing and will discuss during the 
dialogue. but this 1s a specific proposal, which 1s limited 
to the area that links these three Balkan countries. | want 
to stress that the Balkans are undertaking an imuitiative 
and thus giving the world an cxampie of peace under the 
current circumstances, when Yugoslavia is threatened 
with disintegration. when civil war 1s rumored, and when 
international attention has been focused on the Balkans. 
which are once again in danger of becoming the powder 
keg of the Mediterranean. You understand the signifi- 
cance of the Greek peace muitiative that, if successful— 
and I believe ot wall succeed, because there 1s no reason it 
should not—will show that the Balkans are indeed 
capable of understanding the spirit of our times and 
adjusting to it 


Thank you very much 


Bulgaria Accepts Proposal 
VC 1307124391 Athens Eliinthi Radhiotonia Radtw 
Verwork in Greck 1130 GMT 13 Jul 91 


[Excerpt] The Bulgarian charge d'affaires in Athens 
visited the prime minister's diplomatic counselor today 
at noon. He gave him Sofia’s positive reply to Prime 
Minister Konstandinos Mitsotakis’ proposal on dis- 
arming the areas on the common Greek, Bulgarian. and 
Turkish borders. [passage omitted] 





FBIS-WEL -91-135 
15 July 1991 


Multinational Force Deployed at Border Approved 


1412071 S89] Ankara TRT Television Network 
in Turkish 1700 GMT 12 Jul 91 


{Statement by Foreign Minister Safa Giray. place and 
date not gi.en—read by announcer] 


[Text] The multinational operation. which was launched 
last April to extend humanutarian aid to the Iraqi citizens 
massing at our border following the developments in 
northern Irag in the aftermath of the Gulf war and to 
guarantee their safe return home. has achieved the goals set 
in the beginning and has ended successfully. The units 
belonging to the international force directing the operation 
im northern Iraq began withdrawing from the region as of 
today. The withdrawal 1s expected to be concluded by 15 
July. 


The continuation of the tranquillity secured in the region 
18 as crucially important for Turkey as it 1s for the 
international coalition. It was previously announced to 
the public that. as a result of consultations conducted 
within this framework. Turkey was weighing the idea of 
temporarily deploying an international force in the 
region adjacent to the Iraq: border in order to fulfill a 
deterrent role. Our government studied the matter and 
found the temporary deployment of such a force im our 
country appropriate in principle 


The details concerning the structure and duty regulations 
of the force, in which Turkey will also participate with a 
suitable unit, are being determined during contacts held 
between military authorities. 


London Embassy Occupied by Kurdish Demonstrators 


British Ambassador Summoned 


141207144391 Ankara ANATOLIA in Turkish 
M425 GMT 12 Jul 9 


[Text] Ankara (AA}—British Ambassador to Ankara Sir 
Timothy Daunt was summoned to the Foreign Ministry 
today in connection with the occupation of the Turkish 
Embassy in London by a group of Kurdish demonstra- 
tors. 


According to information received from the Foreign 
Ministry. the Britssh ambassador was asked that the 
culprits be apprehended as soon as possible and that the 
necessary legal procedures be undertaken. 


The embassy in London was occupied by a group of 
$0-60 people around noon today. the main door locked. 
and the personnel forced to go to the basement. 


According to reports. the occupation ended at 1515 
[1215 GMT]. following the intervention of police, and a 
majority of the occuprers were detained. 


TURKEY 9 


Message of Regret Sent 


PAl2071 55091 Ankara ANATOLIA im Turkish 
IS20 GMT 12 Jul 9! 


[Text] Ankara (AA}—I1 has been announced that Dou- 
glas Hurd. British secretary of state for foreign and 
commonwealth affairs. has sent a message to Foreign 
Minister Safa Giray. expressing regret over the occupa- 
won of the Turkish Embassy building in London. 


A Foreign Ministry press release on the subject noted: 


A separatist group of approximately 60 persons started 
an illegal demonstration im front of our embassy in 
London at approximately 1145 today. The group then 
broke down the main entrance to the embassy building 
and occupied the ground floor of the building for some 
tume. The occupiers were later forced out of the building 
by the British police. who arrived at the scene of the 
incident following the initiatives of our embassy. 


Upon learning of the incident. our minister summoned 
the British ambassador to Ankara to the ministry and 
asked that legal proceedings be started against the occu- 
piers and that all measures be adopted to guarantee the 
security of our embassy buildings and its personnel. The 
ambassador gave assurances that all measures would be 
taken to reter the culprits to the judiciary 


Hurd sent a message to our foreign minister expressing 
regret over the incident 


It 18 pleasing that there were no casualties during the 
incident. It 1s understood. however. that the occupiers 
caused damage inside the building 


Punishment of Attackers on Missions Abroad Wanted 


141307711891 Ankara lurkive Radvolant Network 
in Turkish 1000 GUT 13 Jul 91 


[Text] The Foresgn Ministry called for the punishment of 
those who have attacked Turkish mission buildings and 
Turkish Airlines offices abroad 


A statement by the Foreign Ministry says that an initia- 
tive has been undertaken to provide for the protection of 
the mission buildings abroad and the safety of the 
personne! working there. The statement continues: 
These aggressions committed one after another prove the 
existence of a plan being systematically implemented by 
certain sources against Turkish missions abroad. Let us 
hope that the incidents have demonstrated the reason for 
Turkey's innumerable warnings to various countries in 
the past 


It 1s clear that the actions carried out by the so-called 
social and cultural organizations, located mostly in cer- 
tain Western European countries and receiving assts- 
tance from local authorities, although some of them are 
involved with terrorist organizations, contradict the pro- 
visions of the CSCE and international law. 














40 TURKEY 


Turkey calls for the necessary measures to be taken 
against persons oF Organizations engaging im occupa- 
tions, rands. and violations of public order and for the 
punishment of the perpetrators of such acts 


Kalemi Links Police Operations to Ll pcoming Visit 
141307200991 Ankara TRT Television Network 
n Jurhish 1000 GMT 13 Jul 9] 


[Text] Internor Minister Mustafa Kaleml: has said that 
the weapons. equipment. and documents seized during 
police operations carned out in cight different locations 
in Istanbul last night. the Divarbakir incidents, and the 
attacks perpetrated against Turkish missions abroad are 
aimed at the unity and solidarity of the Turkish state and 
nation. and at causing unrest among the people 


In a statement at Istanbul's Ataturk Airport. Kaleml 
said that the Divarbakir incidents especially are armed at 
making the people in the region oppose the state forces 
He called on citizens to be reasonable and continue with 
their daily lives without being taken in by provocations 
He called on citizens to trust the security forces who are 
acting with a great sense of duty against these acts that 
aim at destroying the unity of the country. He said: Our 
ministry and our security forces who are responsible for 
our citizens’ personal safety and property are trying to 
fulfill therr duties with all ther might at the cost of their 
lives 


In his statement. the mterror minister explained that the 
security forces carried out a series of successful opera- 
tions in eight different locations in Istanbul last night 
He sand that a heavy blow was struck against a leftist 
terrorist organization. He said that 10 terrorists were 
killed at the end of the operations, and | 2 were captured 
one of them seriously wounded. He said that numerous 
weapons, bombs, explosives. organizational documents 
and plans were seized 


Kaleml: stressed that the operations. which were carned 
out on the eve of a vest to Turkey by a foreign state 
leader, show how busily the terrorist organizations are 
preparing themselves 


Saudi Foreign “Minister Arrives for Official Visit 


147307183591 Ankara TRI Television Network 
im Turkish 1800 GUT 13 Jul 9] 


{Text} Saudi Foresgn Affairs Minister Sa’ud al-Faysal al 
Sa’ud has arrived for an official visit to Turkey. He was 
received at Esenboga Airport by Foreign Minister Safa 
Curay, who sand that they would discuss rarsing bilateral 
relations to a higher level and look for ways to reorganize 
the casting cooperation between the two countries. We 
will also review the developments that have taken place 
in the region and in the international arena in the wake 
of the Gulf crises, sand Guray 


The visiting minister said that Turkey has an important 
position and influence in the eves of his country and the 
world He pointed out that the Saud: king wants the 


FBIS-WEL -91-135 
15 July 1991 


consultations betwcen the two Countries to continuc on 
various levels. He sand that he brought a message from 
the king to President (zal 


The Saud: foreign minister was rocenved by Prime Min- 
ister Mesut Yilmaz in the afternoon. He later met with 
his counterpart, Sata Guray. Following thes meeting. the 
delegations of the two countnes held official talks 


Defense Fund Mone, Pledged 


141307181791 Ankara TRI Televison Network 
m Turkish PPOOGMTI 12 Ini vi 


[Excerpt] [passage omitted] Saud: Foren Munrster 
Sa’ud al-Faysal al Saud. who arnved m Ankara today. 
was received by Prime Monester Mesut Yilmaz thes 
afternoon. According to a statement rssucd by the Prime 
Mionistr’s Press Center, at the meeting the Saud: minister 
said that his country will contribute to the defense fund 
being planned for Turkeys 


The statement says) The Saud: moniter, Prince Saud 
al-Favsai ail Saud. sand that the resolute positron the 
Turkish Government adopted during the Gulf crrsrs 
helped everybody realize the ercat importance Turkeys 
carnes for peace and stability on the regron and also 
created a reliable basis for further strengthening relations 
between Turkey and Saud: Arama Within thes trame- 
work. the Saud: fore“n minister announced that hes 
government decided to contribute to the defense fund 
being planned for Turkes 


At the meeting. Prime Monester VY tlmaz sand that Turkey 
attaches special importance to its cxrsteng relatrons with 
Saudi Arata and 1s pleased with Saud: Arata’s dec 
sion. Yilmaz also sand that Turkey es ready and deter- 
mined to actively contribute to cflorts tor the creation 
and devclopment—on strong foundations—ot an atmo- 
sphere of lasting peace and cooperation in the region 


The visiting minister was then recenved by Foreign 
Minister Sata Guray 


The delegations of the two countnes have held official 
talks 


Dinner Speeches Vlade 
147307204991 Ankara luerkive Radvolar: Network 
m Turkish 000GMT 13 Jul vl 


[Text] Foreign Minister Sata Guray has sand that the 
complementary nature of relations between Turkey and 
Saud: Arata emerged during the Cull crises vet again 


Safa Giray was speaking at a donner he gave mm honor of 
the visiting Saudi Foreygn Moenister Saud al-Faysal al 
Sa‘ud in Ankara this evening. Guray ported out that for 
the continuation of peace. securtty, and stability m the 
region, the two countries might engage im more compre- 
hensive cooperation in the future. and that Turkey 1s 
ready to do its share for such cooperation 








FBIS-WEL -91-135 
15 July 1991 


He recalled that Turke, meticulously participated on the 
mpicmentaton of UN Secunts Counc resolutons 
during the Gulf cress and led m implementing the 
embargo resolution. while assurmeng large ccomomac sac- 
rifices 


On the Palesteman problem and the Arab-Israch conflict. 
Curay sand that peace and stabilit, cannot be establieshed 
im the regron unicss a lasting solutvon 1s found to the 
problem He stressed that in order to cstabirsh a pust and 
lasting peace on the Middic East. Isracl must agree to the 
formula of land tor peace mmberent om Security Council 
resolutrons and must also refram from crecting acw 
sttiements in the occupied territones Guray explained 
that Turkey supports the cfforts for the establishment of 
a just and lasteng peace mm the regron. mcluding the 
proposal for a peace conference. He noted that Turkey 
would be pleased to host such a conference. The peace 
waters progect that Turkey posted before the Gulf crrsrs 
Curay sand. 1s a specific cxaample of thes approach 


On the Cyprus question. Geray sand Turkey. whech 
beleves that the clements of an agreement based on 
political equality cart on UN Security Counc Resole- 
thon 649. will contenuc to make constructive contribu. 
tions toward a solutvon that will be acceptable to both 
sides on the rland If the positive cfforts of the Turkish 
(Cypriot side are receprocated by the other ede. the UN 
sccreciary general will have a chance to advance hes 
goodwill mrssson Within thes framework and om line 
with the principle of politi al equality. we hope to sce the 
continuation and growth of Saud: Araa’s support— 
which we appreciate—tor the Mustem Turkish Cypriot 
community m order to ant the success of efforts for a 
solution 


Foreign Minister Gira, pounted out that the approaches 
of Turkey and Saud: Arata to rnternatronal and regronal 
ssucs are usually somilar The necessary political well 
custs, he sard. for relatrons betecen the two countries to 
reach higher bevels 


Saud al-Faysal al Saud. the Saud: foregn menrster. sand 
that his country appreciated the pust and prudent poliwy 
Turkey had pursued during the Gulf corres 


He stressed that security cannot be established mm the 
region unless the Palestiman probiem m resolved and 
unless Isracl withdraws from the Arab lands 1 occupies 
He said that his Country wants to contenuc cooperation 
with Turkeys on the solutron of the Palestiman and 
Arab-Israch problems In this ficld. he sand. mutual help 
will be usetul 


The Saudi foreign minister sand that hes country 1s 
pleased with the efforts Turkey 1 making on the Cyprus 
problem. He stressed that Saud: Aratma’s policy 5 on the 
same line, and that they will support UN Securts 
Council Resolutron 649 


TURKEY a 


Finance Ministers lo Meet 


1414071036091 Amhara Turki Radvedan Nectar 
m lurkoh 1000GMT 14 Jul 9! 


[ Text) Saud: Foresgn Moenestcr Saud al-Faysal Al Sa'od 
has sand that hrs Country supports al! measures directed 
toward the estabirshment of regronal peace and stability 


The sisting minester made a statement before bcaving 
Ankara for Marmarns to meet enth Presedemt Turgut 
Oval. In response to a jpowrnalnt’s gucstron on the 
multinational force to fhe statroned om the regron. the 
Saud: monistcr sand that hes country beleo ed that all 
measures taken m ftavor of peace and stahulity are 
beneficial 


He then pointed out that belatcral relatvons as well as 
developments m the aftermath of the Gulf crs were 
discussed during bes talks mm Ankara 


He concluded by sayeng that the two countnes finance 
ministers will meet om September to drscuw the struc- 
tural grounds of the lateral cooperation 


Oval. Al Saud Talk 


11/4077 0%! Antara Trine Radvolan Neteur 
m Turkok 1000 WT 14 Jal 9! 


[Text] Present Turgut ()val and Saud: Foreign Min- 
ster Saud al-Faveal \l Saud have dicuwed bilateral 
cooperation msucs. mmcludeng the defense indusiry as 
well as recent developments m the regron The Saud: 
foregn minister, who concluded hrs contacts m Antara 
and proceeded to Marmarrns. was recenved by Cizal 


According to wnformatron recenved from Presidential 
Spokesman Amhawador Kaya Topper. Foregn Minister 
Sata Guray, Saud: Ambassador to Ankara She ab Aviv 
al-Hodja. and Turkesh Ambassador to Riyadh \ azar 
Vakes also attended the meeting Toper: msucd the 
following statement on the meeting 


The Saud: foreign minister conveved a mewsage from the 
Saudi hing to Oval and brieted (zal on hes contacts. The 
Visiting minister also capressed hrs views concerning the 
latest situation mm Kewart Saud: Arata’s relatroms with 
Iran and other regronal countries. and the situation om 
Irag The importance of establishing and marntaining 
peace and stability on the regron «as sated. and the need 
to conduct contrnuews Cooperation contacts and con- 
sultatrons on thes subpo ct was stressed 


Furthermore. the two sedes drsc used the dev chopment of 
cooperation between Turkey and Saud: Arata on var 
vous fieids, including om the fields of detense and defenvw 
ywndustry Oval repeated hes ony rtatron to the Saud: hing 
to vet Turkey. The meeteng also focused on develop 
ments in Vugosiavia and the situatron of Turkish con 
tractors in Saud: Arama 














2 TURKEY 


Perez de Cuctiar’s Visit, Stand on Cyprus Viewed 
VC TSOO92.291 Istanted TEROT WAN of Turkot 
10 Jul Yi pp i io 


[Taha Akyol edttomal “Actiwety on Cyprus”) 


[Text] As far as the Turkesh Cypriot sade 1s concerned, 
UN Seeretary General Javecr Peres de (uellar’s talks 
with Prime Miarster Mesut V imaz and Presedent Turgut 
Oval were beld om a postive atmosphere If Perez de 
Cuctlar succeeds m mamtaming hes present approach 
toward the talks be well have woth the Crreck and Crock 
Cyprot sade. and if he manages to convince the Greck 
and Greck Cypriots to approach hes poly line. then a 
reasonabic agreement may be found to resolve the 
Cyprus problem The present activity on Cyprus has 
Created positive cxapectatrons about the protiem 


The Turkish Cypriot side wants an honorable and yuo 
solutvon to the problem. however, neither Turgut (val 
nor Mesut Yilmaz adopted an approach during thei 
talks with Javect Peres de ( wellar undecatong they would 
agree to “the settlement of the ( yprus problem im any 
way posite ~ In fact. thes mested on principles the 
Turkish Cypriot sede long has mamtamned 


As far as Turkey 1s concerned. the most powtive aspect of 
the talks with Javecr Perey de Cuellar was the fact be 
regarded UN Sccurty Counc Resolutvon 649 as hes 
Starting pornt: The resolutron. which was unanimously 
adopted. confirmed the basa principles upheld by the 
Turkish Republic of Northern Cypras [TRNC] and 
Turkey In other words 1 maintained the sca of estab. 
leshing a izonal and bhcommunal federation in (Cyprus. 
which would be hased on politcal equality and guaran. 
teed by Turkey and Crreece 


But the Grech and Crreck © ypreot side wishes to weaken 
these principles to force the Turkish © yprot community 
imto becoming a menority on the mland One of the mam 
mMitsatives the Gereek and Crreck ( ypreot side has made to 
achieve thes arms at forceng the Turkish © yprot comme- 
nity to liwe withen the hounds of a emall part of the 
land This will bring coomomn collapse to the Turkish 
(Cypriots. Another mmrtrateve os armed at having Creek 
( ypriots resettle om the small territory that will be left to 
the Turkish Cypreots The Greek and Creek Cypnot 
obyective behund thes 1s to turn the Turkish Cypriots into 
a minority community on the own land 


Actually. thes the essence of the entere dispute The 
Creek and Greek Cyprot ode has put forward the 
Questions of “land” and “displaced persons” as a pre. 
condition Turkey however. onsists that an agreement 
should first be reached on the haw principles of the 
federation that will be estatieshed on Cyprus 


In thes talks on Istanbul and Marmaris. VY slmaz and (7a! 
found Peres de ( wetlar’s approach reasonable The fact 
that Peres de Cuellar regarded Resolutron 649 as his 
Sarting pornt madrcated that he marmmtamned a realisin 
approach The srewport the Turkish officials have 





FBIS- WEL -91-135 
15 July 1991 


conveved to Perez de Cuctlar can be explained as fol- 
lows “Are we to cstabiesh a new federal ( yprus to be 
able to drscuss the gucstion of land and maticrs related 
to the drsplaced persons” First. an agreement must be 
reached on the gucsteon of the structure of the state that 
will be estabirshed The other problems will be discussed 
laicr 


The poents ransed by the TRING and Turkey are based on 
histone realitees and enternatronal documents The past 
devclopments have clearly shown that the London and 
Zurich agreements and the former constitution in 
( yprus were not cnough to maimtam peace and security 
on the wland The Republn of Cyprus, which was 
“Mabiished on the bases of these agreements. was 
destroved by the Coreck Cypriots. and the Turkish Cyp- 
not Communit) was subjected to an act of genocide 


The UN Securty Couacd Resolution 649. which super- 
seded all the mtcrnational documents that have been 
adopted on Cyprus on the past. has emphasized the need 
for a new Structurc om (Cyprus. that . the estabinhment 
of a tzvonal and trcommunal tedcration that will be 
hased on the pronceple of political equality and will be 
guaraniced by both Turkey and Cireece 


The effectiveness of Turkey's guarantee cannot be any- 
thing less than what the princoples included im the 
London and Zurwh agreements called for Turkey's 
guarantee will be “effective ~ That 1s. Turkey will maim. 
tam treeps om Cyprus and will have the mght to use 
military force to entervene if the conmstetutronal order rs 
threatened 


Turgut ‘val and Mesut ¥ simaz have not observed Perez 
de Cuctlat to marta a different approach 


Naturally the questron of land and matters related to the 
desplaced persons will be taken up after an agreement rs 
reached on the pronciples which will form the hase of the 
new State in Cyprus The TRNC and Turkey mamtam a 
wmuilar veew on these problems Makarnos and Denktas 
reached an agreement on the questron of land m 1977 
The land of the federal republic of the Turkish Cypriots 
must be large cnough to provide “cconomn viability” 
and “securtty” to the Turkish Cyprot community Has 
there been any change until now to convince the Turkish 
( ypreots to agree to anything lew than the conditrons 
accepted by Makarws” 


The Turkesh € ypreots can neither survive coonomically 
nor cnpoy security of they are forced to live ma “Turkish 
( ypreet pocket” wethen a hellenized Cyprus That 1s why 
the TRNC and Turkey mssted on a firm principle 
regarding the land qguestron and retramed from dis 
closing percentages on the matter Regarding the ques. 
thon of the “drsplaced persons.” the problem must be 
resolved on a way which will not weaken the principles of 
“hronality” and “hoommaenality ~ 


These pownts have been upheld by Raut Denktas, who rs 
one of the great leaders and statesmen im the Turkish 
work’. as far prnceples, Turkey also has supported 








FBIS-WEL -91-135 
15 July 1991 


them. Meanwhile. the Greck and Greek Cyprot side 
beheved that stands to gain from prolonging of the 
no-solution situation in Cyprus. We are convinced Perez 
de Cucilar has realized thes state of affairs 


In view of thes. we hope a solution wall be found to the 
Cyprus problem based on these principles and on Tur- 
key's effective guarantec. In fact. nenther the TRNC nor 
Turkey will agree to any other solution 


Orzal, Macedonian Leader Discuss Bilateral Ties 


LD110°184491 Belerade TANIUG on Enelish 
1632 GMT 11 Jul 91 


[Text] Ankara, July 11 (TANJUG)—Turkish President 
Turgut Oval and President of the Yugoslav Republic of 
Macedonia Kiro Ghgoroy today discussed the current 
international topics, partrcularly the bilateral rclations 


(zal was especially interested om the current situation in 
Yugoslavia in the context of Turkey's stand, calling for 
Y ugosiavia’s territorial integrity and for an organization 
model which the Yugoslav peoples themscives will 
choose 


Ghgorov will thes evening end hes three-day visit to 
Ankara, at the imvitation of the Turkish government 
During the visit, Ghgoroy held talks with Turkish Prime 
Minster Mesut Yilmaz. Deputy Prime Minister 
Ekremem Pakdemirh and Foremgn Monrster Safa Guiray 


President of Bosnia-Herzegovina Arrives for Talks 


141507073491 Ankara Turkive Radvolan Network 
m Turkoh O00 GMT 14 Jul 9! 


[Text] Alya Ivetbegovic, president of Vugoslavia’s 
Bosmia-Herzegovina Republic, arrived in Turkey today 
on an official veset. He was received at Ankara’s Esen- 
hboga Airport by Ekrem Pakdemuirl, state minister and 


deputy prime minister 


TURKEY a3 


Pakdemirh: sasd that talks to be held with the visiting 
president will provide the necessary opportunity for 
more advanced cooperation He added the cxrsting his- 
tonc relations between the two countnes constitute the 
appropriate grounds for promoting industrial. economic. 
and technological cooperation between the two coun- 
tines. He then capressed his hope that Yugoslavia will 
solve its problems im line with the wishes of its peoples 
and in the way ft chooses 


Izethbegovic noted that most of the Turkish histone 
monuments om Yugoslavia are located in Bosnia- 
Herzegovina and that the majority of those coming to 
Turkey are also from there. Pomting out that those 
factors constitute a vital link between the two countries, 
he said the fact that Turkey has solved its economic 
problems mm the last 15 to 20 vears mspires hes country 
with the same hope 


Izetbegovic will go to Marmaris on Tuesday to visit 
President Turgut Ovzal after he concludes hrs contacts im 
Ankara. He will leave Turkey the same day 


Yilmaz: 1992 Elections; Date To Be Finalized 


14130718409] Ankara TRI Televison Network 
in Turkish 1700 GUT 13 Jul 91 


[Excerpt] [passage omitted] In an address to Motherland 
Parity [ANAP] delegations from various provinces today. 
Prime Minester Mesut Yilmaz sard that, if the country 
wants to mvest om its future, then it must make certain 
sacrifices today. He admitted that past ANAP govern- 
ments had exaggerated the need for such sacrifices from 
the nation. He sand: We pushed our citizens a bit too far 
im their daily lives. Now we have an clection before us 
The clection date « not final vet. The date will be 
finalized in September or October There will probably 
be elections un 1992 They will be vitally important for 
ANAP. [passage omitted] 














END OF 
FICHE 


DATE FILMED 
b J.l, (FV/