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Foreign | 



| 1941 1991 

Daily Report— 

West Europe 

17 July 1991 

Daily Report 
West Europe 


NOTICE TO READERS: An * indicates material not disseminated in clectronic form 

State. Government Heads Continue G-7 Summit 
‘Text of Declaration /London PRESS ASSOCIATION 
Statement on Arms Control /London PRESS ASSOCTATION 
No “Massive Aid to USSR) /JoyvAo AYODO) 
Ignatenko on Political Decree /Jodkyo T1/ 
Andreott: Urges Soviet Aid = /Rome 1NS4) 
Andreotts, Mitterrand Confer /Rome 1NS4/ 
Monitoring Soviet Economy = /7odvo AYODO) 
Japan Unconvinced by Gorbachev /TodAvo AYODO 
Kohl Approves Aid Agreement /Hambure DP 4) 
Kohl Bnets Press /Coloene Radio) 
Gorbachev Meets EBRD’s Attah = /Paris Radio) 
Gorbachev, Mitterrand Meet /Paris Radi 
Kaifu. Gorbachev Meet /JoAvo AYODO 
Reportage on Gorbaches Visit /cross-reference] 


Mock: Country's, European Security Linked {WIENER ZEITUNG 1° Jul) 

Vienna Rejects SFRY Accusations of Interference (DER STANDARD 1° Jul) 

Current Account Statistics for Jan-May Reported /D/PF PRESSE 16 Jul) 


Eyskens Says Isracl Can Rely on EC Cooperation /Arussels Rad 


Turkish Consulate Stoned by Protestors |2 Jul inmAara ANATOLIA 
CSFR’‘s Diensthier Holds Talks, Opens Consulate /Pragwe (7A 


Hurd: UK Ready for Military Action Against Iraq /PRESS ASSOCTATION 
Turkish Airlines Office, Banks Attacked 1S Jul /dmkara ANATOLI 
Israch Foreign Minister Arrives for Talks /PRESS ASSOCTATION 


Members of EC Observers Team Leave for Zagreb /4DN 

Wairgel Views Course for USSR After G7? Talks (SCE DDECTSCHE ZEIITUNG 18-14 Ju 
PDS Granted Greater Rights in Bundestag §/PD/'4 

Ex-Stasi Members in Civihan Police Units (DER SPIFGEL 15 Ju 

60 Percent of Former GDR Army Property Returned /N\7 08 ZEIT 18 Jul 

Lack of Officers, Enlisted Men Predicted /DIF WELT 1S Ju 

* Movement Noted in Eastern Housing Upgrading /FRAINAFURTIER ALLGEMEINE 19 Jun 

* Burden of GDR's Psychosocial Legacy Weighed (DAIS PAIRLAVENT & Ma 
* New Rail Lines Speed Up Freight Transport PFAINDET SAD ATT Osa 

17 July 1991 



FBIS-WEL -91-137 

17 July 1991 2 West Europe 
* Japan's Slow Approach to Europe Charted /FRANAFURTER ALLGEMEINE 6 Jun] 26 
* Japanese Slow To Invest in New Laender /WIRTSCHAFTSWOCHE 14 Junj 27 
Wrap-Up of Current Albanian Refugee Situation /4NS4/ 29 
* D’Alema ot PDS Interviewed on Party Prospects /ELROPEO 26-28 Jun] 29 
Mexican ‘Conflict’ Resolved, Soares To Attend /Lishon Radio] 31 
Socialist Party Publishes New Manifesto /DI4RIO DE NOTICIAS 9 Jul) 31 
* Majority Sees PSOE Funding Irregularities §=/DIARIO 16, 23 Jun] 32 
* Reportage on PSOE Funding Irregularities = /4BC 28 Jun] 33 
Incendiary Device Damages Turkish Embassy /Bern International) 35 
Government Denies Iraqi Frozen Assets Released = /Bern International) 35 
Six Observers To Join EC Team for SFRY /Stockholm Radio/ %6 
* Impact of Tight Defense Budget Outhned /DAGENS NYHETER 14 Junj %% 
* Prospective Commandos Recruitcd From Conscnipts /DAGENS NYHETER 14 Jun] 7 
Jount US. Plans To Explont Aegean Demed = /4Arhens Radio) 38 
Attack Against Turkish Diplomats Denounced = /4thens Radio/ 48 
17 Nov Clams Responsibility /4rthens Radio] 48 
Papandreou Reportedly Involved in Bank Scandal /A7HENS NEWS 16 Jul) 38 
Paper Details Fouled Plans To Kill Bush /W/LLIVET 16 Jul) 39 
Bush Agenda Criticized, Called ‘Scandalous’ /HURRIYET 12 Jul) 39 
Commentary Views Upcoming Bush Visit, Tactics /7URAIYVE 13 Jul) 9 
Mitsotakis’ Disarmament Proposal To Be Studied § /4Ankara Radio] 40 
Kurdish Paper Issucs Warning on Foreign Troops /Bonn BERVWEDAN 30 Jun] 40 
Bosnia-Herzegovina Leader on Ethnic Strife = /4NATOLIA) 4) 
Izetbegovic Briefs Oval /Ankara TV) 42 
Notes ‘Territonal Integrity’ /Belerade TANIUG/ 4) 
Anatolia Party Deputy From Samsun Resigns /4ndara 71) 4) 

DISK Members Acquitted, Closure Vorded /4N4A70L/4) 4. 

FBIS-WEL -91-137 
17 July 1991 

State, Government Heads Cominue G-7 Summit 

‘Text’ of Declaration 
is Enelish 1140 GMT 17 Jul 91 

[“Text™ of London G-7 Economic Summut Declaration] 
[Text] Building World Partnership 

We. the heads of state and government of the seven 
major industrial democracies and the representatives of 
the European Community. met in London for our 17th 
annual summit 

The spread of freedom and democracy which we cele- 
brated at Houston has gathered pace over the last year 
Together the international community had overcome a 
major threat to world peace in the Gulf. But new 
challenges and new opportunities confroni us 

We seek to build world partnership. based on common 
values, and to strengthen the international order. Our 
aim 1s to underpin democracy. human mghts, the rule of 
law and sound economic management, which together 
provide the key to prosperity 

To achieve this aim, we will promote a truly multilateral 
system, which 1s secure and adaptable and in which 
responsibility 1s shared widely and equitably 

Central to our aim 1s the need for a stronger. more 
effective UN system, and for great attention to the 
proliferation and transfer of weapons 

Economic Policy 

Over the last year. some of our economies have main- 
tained good growth, while most have slowed down and 
some gone into recession. But a global recession has been 
avoided. The uncertainty created by the Gulf crisis 1s 
behind us. We welcome the fact that there are now 
increasing signs of economic recovery. Progress has been 
made too in reducing the largest trade and current 
account imbalances 

Our shared objectives are a sustained recovery and price 
Stability. To this end, we are determined to maintain, 
including through our cconomic policy coordination 
process, the medium term strategy endorsed by carher 
summits. This strategy has contained inflationary expec- 
tations and created the conditions for sustainable growth 
and new jobs 

We therefore commit ourselves to implement fiscal and 
monetary policies, which, while reflecting the different 
Situations in our countries, provide the basis for lower 
real interest rates. In this connection, continued progress 
in recucing budget deficits 1s essential 

This, together with the efforts being made to reduce 
impediments to private saving. »:!! help generate the 
increase in global savings needed t) meet demands for 
investment. We also welcome the close cooperation on 


exchange markets and the work to improve the func- 
tioning of the monetary sysiem 

We will also. with the help of the Organisation for 
Economic Cooperation and Development [OECD] and 
other institutions, pursue reforms to improve economic 
efficrency and thus the potential for growth. These 

(a) Greater competition in our economics, including 
regulatory reform. This can enhance consumer choice. 
reduce prices and case burdens on business 

(b) Greater transparency. climination or enhanced disci- 
pline in subsidies that have distorting effects, since such 
subsidies lead to incfficrent allocation of resources and 
inflate pubhc expenditure 

ic) Improved education and training. to enhance the 
skills and improve the opportunities of those both in and 
out of employment. as well as policies contributing to 
greater flexibility in the employment system 

(d) A more efficrent public sector, for example through 
higher standards of management and including possibil- 
thes of privatization and contracting out 

(¢) The wide and rapid diffusion of advances in scrence 
and technology 

(f) Essential investment, both private and public, in 

We will encourage work nationally and internationally to 
develop cost effective cconomic imstruments for pro- 
tecting the environment, such as taxes, charges and 
tradcable permits 

International I rade 

No rssue has more far-reaching implications for the 
future prospects of the world cconomy than the suc- 
cessful conclusion of the Uruguay round. It will stemu- 
late non-inflationary growth by bolstering confidence, 
reversing protectionism and increasing trade flows 

It will be essential to encourage the integration of devel- 
oping countries and Central and East European nations 
into the multilateral trading system. All these benefits 
will be lost if we cannot conclude the round. We there- 
fore commit ourselves to an ambitious, global and bal- 
anced package of results from the round, with the widest 
possible participation by both developed and developing 

The aim of all contracting parties should be to complete 
the round before the end of 1991. We shall cach remain 
personally involved in this process, ready to intervene 
with one another if differences can only be resolved at 
the highest level 

To achieve our objective, sustained progress will be 
necded in the negotiations at Geneva in all areas over the 
rest of thes vear. The principal requirement 1s to move 
forward urgently in the following areas taken together 

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FBIS-WEL -91-13° 
17 July 1991 

FBIS-WEL -91-137 
17 July 1991 

their integration into the international economic system 
Regional initiatives reinforce our ability to cooperate 

All the Central and East European countries cxcept 
Albania are now members of the Inicrnational Monctars 
Fund (IMF) and the World Bank. We welcome the steps 
being taken by those countnes that are implementing 
IMF-supported programs of macro-cconomn stabiliza- 
ton. It rs crucial that these programs are complemented 
by structural reforms. such as privatizing and restruc- 
turing siate-owned enterprises. increasing competition 
and strengthening property mghts We welcome the 
establishment of the European Bank for Reconstruction 
and Development (EBRD) which has a mandate to 
foster the transition to open. market-onented economies 
and © promote private imitative on Central and East 
Europesn countries committed to democracy 

A favorable environment for private investment. both 
foreign and domestic, 1s crucial for sustained growth and 
for avonding dependence on external assistance from 
governments. In thes respect. technical assistance from 
Our private sectors and governments. the European 
Community and international institutions should con- 
centrate on helping thrs essential market-based transfor- 
mation. In thrs context, we emphasize the importance of 
micgrating environmental considerations into the cco- 
nomi restructuring process im Central and Eastern 

Expanding markets for ther exports are vital for the 
Central and East European countrics. We welcome the 
substantial increases already made in cxports to market 
cconomies and we undertake to improve further their 
access ‘0 Our markets for thew products and services 
mcluding in arcas such as stecl, textiles, and agricultural 
produce. In thes context, we welcome the progress made 
iM Negotiating association agreements between the Euro- 
pean Community and Poland, Hungary and ( zechosio- 
vakia. as well as the Presidential Trade Enhancement 
Initiative announced by the United States. all of which 
will be on acoordance with GATT principles We wll 
support the work of the OFC D to identify restrictions to 
Fast West trade and to facilitate thei removal 

The Group of Twenty Four (G24) process, inaugurated 
by the arch summer and chaired by the European Com. 
mission, has mobilized $31 bilhon om bilateral support 
for these countries. mcluding balance of payments 
finance to underpin IMF -supported programs Such pro- 
grams are in place for Poland, Hungary and C zechoslo- 
vakia We welcome the contributions already made for 
Bulgana and Romama We are intensifying the G24 
coordination process and we reaffirm our shared willing- 
ness to play our tan part om the glohal assistance cflort 

The Soviet | nien 

We support the moves toward political and coonomn 
transformation on the Sovect Uneon and are ready to 
aserst the integration of the Soviet U non into the world 


Reform to develop the market coonorw 1s essential to 
create incentives for change and enable the Sovict people 
to mobilize thew own substantial natural and human 
resources. A clear and agreed framework within which 
the center and the republics evercise thew respective 
responsibilities 1s fundamental for the success of polit- 
al and coonomic reform 

We have mnvited President Gorbachey to meet us for a 
discussion of reform polos and their implementation 
as well as ways in which we can encourage this process 

We commend the IMF. World Bank. OECD and EBRD 
for their study of the Sovict coonomy produced. in close 
consultation with the European Commission. in 
response to the request we made at Houston. Thes study 
sects Oul many of the clements necessary for successful 
cconomic reform, which include fiscal and monctars 
discipline and creating the framework of a market 

We are sensitive to the overall political contest mm which 
reforms are bering conducted, including the “new think- 
ing” in Sovect foreign policy around the world. We are 
sensitive also to the importance of shifteng resources 
from molitary to civilian use 

We are concerned about the detenoration of the Sovict 
coonomys. which creates severe hardship not only within 
the Sovect Umon but also for the countnes of Central 
and Eastern Europe 

The Middle Fast 

Many countries have suffered cconomicalls as a result of 
the Gulf crises. We welcome the success of the Crulf C resis 
financial Coordination Group im mobilising nearly $16 
tilhon of assistance for those countries suffering the 
most direct coonomic impact of the Cull crrses and urge 
all donors to complete disbursements rapidly Extensive 
assistance 1s beng provided by summit participants tor 
the Mediterrancan and the Middle East. as well as by the 
IMF and World Bank 

We beheve that enhanced coonomic cooperation im this 
area. on the basis of the principles of non-discrimination 
and open trade. could help repanw the damage and 
remtorce political stalulity We weloome the plans of 
major ool caporting countnes for providing financial 
asestance to others in the region and thew decison to 
estabiish a Gulf Development Fund We support closer 
links between the international financial institutions and 
Arab and other donors. We beheve this would encourage 
neccesary coonomn reforms. promote cfficrent use of 
financial flows. foster private sector investment. stimu- 
late trade Wheralization and facilitate point propects, ¢ eg 
m water management, which would draw on our tech- 
necal skills and capertise 

Developing ( ountries and Debt 

Developing countries are playing an imecrcasingly con- 
Sructive role om the imternational coonomin system 


imcluding the Uruguay round. Many have mtroduced 
radical policy reforms and are adopting the followin; 


(a) Respect for human mghts and for the law. which 
encourages individuals to contnbute to development 

(b) Democratic pluralism and open systems of adminis- 
tratron, accountable to the public 

ic) Sound, market-based cconomic polices to sustain 
¢cevelopment and bring people out of poverty 

We commend these countnes and urge others to follow 
their example. Good governance not only promotes 
development at home. but helps to attract cxternal 
finance and investment from all sources 

Our steadfast commitment to helping developing coun- 
ines, om conjunction with a durable non-inflatsonary 
recovery of our cconomics and the opening of our 
markets. will be the most cflective way we have of 
enhancing prosperity in the developing world 

Many of these countnes, especially the poorest. need our 
financial and technical assistance to buttre-« their own 
development endeavours. Additional aid cfforts are 
required to enhance both the quantity and the quality of 
our support for pnonty development rssucs. These 
include alleviating poverty. improving health. education 

and training and enhancing the environmental quality of 

our and. We endorse the increasing attention being given 
to population issucs in devising strategies for sustainable 

Afmca deserves our special attention. Progress by 
African governments toward sound economic policies 
democracy and accountability 1s improving thei pros- 
pects for growth. This 1s being helped by our continued 
support, focused on stimulating development cf the 
private sector, encouraging regional integration. pro- 
viding concessional flows and reducing det burdens 
The special program of assistance for Africa. coord)- 
nated by the World Bank and providing support for 
economuc reform in over 20 Afnican countries, 1s proving 
its worth, We will provide humanitarian assistance to 
those parts of Africa facing severe famine and encourage 
the reform of United Nations structures in order to make 
this assistance more effective. We will also work to help 
the countnes concerned remove the underlying causes of 
famine and other emergencies, whether these are natural 
or provoked by civil strife 

In the Asia-Pacific region, many economics. including 
members of the Association of South-East Asian Nations 
(ASEAN) and the Asia- Pacific Economic Cooperation 
(APEC), continue to achieve dynamic growth. We wel- 
come the efforts by those economies of the regron which 
are assuming new international responsibilities Other 
Asian countnes, which are strengthening their reform 
efforts, continue to need external assistance 

In Laten America we are encouraged by the progress 
being made in carrying out genuine cconomic reforms 

FBIS-WEL -91-137 
17 July 1991 

and by developments in regional integration. We wel- 
come the continuing discussions on the Mululatcral 
Investment Fund, under the Enterprise for the Amencas 
listiateve which, together with other efforts, 1s helping to 
create the mght climate tor direct investment, freer trade 
and a reversal of capstal fight 

We recognize with satisfaction the progress being made 
under the strengthened de® stratcgs. Some countnes 
have already benefited from the combination of strong 
adjustment with commercial bank deM™ reduction of 
equivalent measures. We encourage other countrs with 
heavy debts to banks to negotiate similar packages 

We note 

(a) The agreement reached by the Parss Club on dett 
reduction or equivalent measures for Poland and Egypt. 
which shount be treated as exceptional cases 

(b) the Parrs Club's continued examination of the special 
situation of some lower middic moome countries on a 
case-by-case bvwsrs 

The poorest, most indebted countnes need very special 
terms. We agree on the need for additonal dem rchef 
measures, on a case-by-case bases. for these countries, 
going well bevond the relict already granted under Tor- 
onto terms. We therefore call on the Paris Club to 
continuc tts discussions on how these measures can best 
be implemented promptly 

We recognize the need for appropnate new financial 
flows to developing countries. We beleve the appro- 
priate way to avoid unsustainable levels of deft 1s for 
developing countnes to adopt strengthened policies to 
attract direct investment and the return of flight capital 

We note the kev role of the IMF. whose resources should 
be strengthened by the carly implementation of the 
quota increase under the Ninth General Review and the 
associated Third Amendment to the articles of agree- 

b nvironment 

The mternational community will face formidable enve- 
ronmental challenges in the coming decade Managing 
the environment continucs to be a priority rssuc for us 

Our coonomic policies should ensure that the use of thes 
planet's resources 1s sustainable and safeguards the inter- 
ests of both present and future generations. Growing 
market cconomics can best mobilize the means for 
protecting the environment. while democratic systems 
ensure proper accountability Environmental consider- 
ations should be integrated into the full range of govern- 
ment poles, im a way which reflects their coonomn 
costs. We support the valuatc work im thes field berng 
undertaken by the OECD. Theos mncludes the systematic 
review of member countnes’ environmental pertor- 
mance and the devclopment of environmental indicators 
for use mm decrssonmaking 

FBIS- WEL -91-137 
17 *) 1991 

Interr ationally. we must develop a cooperative approach 
for tackling environmental issucs. Industnal countnes 
should set an cxampie and thus encourage developing 
countnes and Central and East European nations to play 
thew pari 

Cooperatnon 1s also required on regronal probiems In 
thes contest, we welcome the consensus reached on the 
Environmental Protocol of the Antarctic Treaty. armed 
at reinforcing the environmental preservation of this 
continent. We note the good progress of the Sahara and 
Sahel Observatory as well as the Budapest Env:ronental 

The UN Conference on Environment and Development 
(UNCED) in June, 1992, will be a landmark event. It will 
mark the clrma,x of many international cnvironmental 
negotiations We commut ourselves to work for a suc- 
cesful conference and to give the necessary political 

impetus to its preparation 
We arm to achieve the following by the tome of UNCED 

(a) An effective framework convention on climate 
change. containing appropriate commitments and 
addressing all sources and sinks for greenhouse gases We 
will seck to cxpedite work on implementing protocols to 
reinforce the convention 

All participants should be committed to design and 
implement concrete strategies to limit net emissons of 
greenhouse gases. with measures to facthate adaption 

Sagnificant actions by industnal countnes will encourage 
the participation of developing and East European coun- 
tres. which 1s essential to the negotiations 

(b) Agreement on principles for the management. con- 
servation and sustamable development of all types of 
forest. leading to a framework convention This should 
be on a form both acceptable to the developing countnes 
where tropical forests grows and consistent with the 
objective of a global forest convention of agreement 
which we set at Houston 

We will seck to promote, in the contest of UNCED 

(a) Motihzation of financial resources to help devel- 
oping countnes tackle environmental problems We sup- 
port the use of exrsting mechanisms for thes purpose. in 
particular the Global Environment Facility (GEF) The 
GEF could become the comprehensive funding mecha- 
nism to help devcloping countnes meet ther obhgations 
under the new environmental convention 

(b) Encouragement of an improved flow of beneficial 
technology to developing countnes, making use of com- 
mercial mechanisms 

ic) A comprehensive approach to the oceans. including 
regional seas. The environmental and cconmomic impor. 
tance of oceans and scas means that they must be 
protected and sustainahy managed 


(d) Further development of mmtcrnatonal law of the 
environment, drawing micr aha on the results of the 
Ssena Forum 

(¢) The remforcement of imternanonal institutbons con- 
cerned with the environment. mcluding the Unined 
Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP). for the 
decade ahead 

We support the negotiation. under the auspices of 
UNEP. of an acceptable framework convention on tio- 
diversity. if possible to be concluded neu ear. ht should 
concentrate on protecting coosysiems. particularly mm 
species-rich arcas. without impeding positive develop- 
ments in biotechnologs 

We remain concerned about the destruction of tropical 
forests. We welcome the progress made in devcloping the 
pilot program for the conservation of the Brazihan 
tropical forest. which has been prepared by the Govern- 
ment of Brazil in consultation with the World Bank and 
the European Commission. in response to the offer of 
cooperation evtended following the Houston summit 

We call for further urgent work under the auspices of the 
World Bank. in cooperatpon with the European Commrs- 
s#on_ on the framework of approprate pohoes and with 
careful aticntion to cconomec. technical and social 
issues We will financially support the implementation of 
the prelominary stage of the pilot program utilizing all 
potential sources. including the private sector, non- 
governmental organizations. the multilateral develop- 
ment hanks. and the Global Env eronmental Factity 

When details of the program have been resolved. we will 
consider supplementing these resources with bilateral 
assistance. so that progress can be made on the ground 
We bebleve that good progress with thes proyect will have 
a beneficial impact on the treatment of forests at 
UNCED We also welcome the spread of dem for nature 
exchanges. with an emphasis on forests 

The burning o:! wells and polluted seas in the Gulf have 
shown that we need greater imternational capacity to 
prevent and respond to environmental disasters All 
imternational and regronal agreements for thes purpose. 
mmchuding those of the Internatronal Maritime Organrsa- 
tron (IMO). should be fully uemplemented 

We welcome the decrmon by UNEP to establish an 
expenental centre for urgent ens erommental assistance 
In the hight of the recent storm damage in Bangladesh. we 
encourage the work on flood alleviation under the aus- 
proces of the World Bank. which we called for at the Arch 

Livong marine resources threatened by over-fisheng and 
other harmful practors showld be protected by the 
implementation of measures in accordance with mnterna- 
tonal law We urge control of marme pollution and 
compliance with the regimes estainshed by regronal 
fishenes organizations through effective monitormng and 
entforcment measures 

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FBIS-WEL -91-137 
17 July 1991 

outlining the economic reform plan. which 1s criticized 
as not different enough from the current planned 

While pledging Moscow's commitment to transforming 
the economy into a market-onented onc. the letter called 
for ine West to provide a wide range of assistance. For 
instance. the proposal seeks Western support for the 
proposed currency stabilization fund to help make the 
ruble convertible in international markets 

The Gorbachev plan also proposes lifting the limit on 
loans to the Soviets from the European Bank for Recon- 
struction and Development (EBRD). established in April 
lo spur cconomic reforms in Eastern Europe and the 
Soviet Union 

On the price front, the proposal calls for freeing prices on 
70 percent of domestic transactions within the vear 

lt also promises to privatize small businesses before 
larger ones 

Kohl Approves Aid Agreement 

LD160°181391] Hambure DPA in German 1734GM7 
lt Iu! y/) 

[Text] London (DPA}—According to Bonn, at the eco- 
nomic summit in London the state and government 
heads of the seven leading Western industrialized 
nations have to a large extent agreed today on measures 
to aid the reforms in the Soviet Umon. Government 
Spokesman Dieter Vogel reported this to the press 
Federal Chancellor Helmut Kohl is “very satisfied.” 

According to Vogel. the seven resolved to have a perma- 
nent political dialogue with the Soviet Union which the 
respective chairs of the economic summit will conduct 
In addition, the Soviet Union will be offered constant 
advice from the International Monetary Fund (IMF). the 
World Bank. the Organization for Economic Coopera- 
tion (OECD). and the London European Bank. The 
Soviet Union wall be given special status with the IMF 
and the World Bank 

hohl Briefs Press 
18) 0124991 Cologne Deutschlandtunk Network 
in German 1100 GMT I> Jul 91 

[Rainer Bittermann report from London] 

| Text] Chancellor Helmut Kohl's news conference began 
later than scheduled, about half an hour ago. He sand that 
the representatives of the seven countries taking part in 
the London summut are largely in agreement on their 
assessment of the mmternational economic situation. He 
said that the weak growth rate will be overcome soon. 
and that the economy will clearly recover im the second 
half of thes vear or mm 199) at the latest. They expect 
about a 3-percent economic growth worldwide next year 

Kohl intormed the press that he had told the summitcers 
that the cconomy in the old federal laender reached a 


growth rate of 4.5 percent in the first six months this 
year. That 1s clearly more than had even been expected 
by Optimists 

The chancellor also asked the summuteers to show under- 
standing for the way Bonn 1s coping with reconstruction 
in the new federal laender. and 1 seems that the seven 
did show such understanding 

He said that the meeting with Mikhail! Gorbachev in 
London marks the beginning of a dialogue that will be 
increasingly continued in the future. Kohl then 
explained the offers that the seven plan to submit to 
Gorbachev this afternoon, including the offer to bind the 
Soviet economy into the IMF and the World Bank. In 
this context, the summuteers do not speak about assoct- 
ation but about a special relationship. They are appar- 
ently avonding the term association, mn order not to 
classify the Sovict Union as a state of secondary impor- 
tance. Full membership will be discussed and decided at 
a later date. How long the transition will take has not 
been specifically stated 

The second offer im this direction will be that the IMF, 
the World Bank. the OECD. and the European Bank for 
Reconstruction and Development [EBRD] are to sup- 
port the Soviet Union by sending experts and specialists 
for drafting reform programs 

The third pomt is the offer to hold an accompanying 
political dialogue with the Soviet Union, which will 
above all be conducted with Moscow by the chairman of 
the G-7 group. This year, ut will be Britssh Prime 
Minister John Mayor, next vear, it will be Chancellor 
Helmut Kohl 

In addition. the Soviet Union will be offered project- 
related aid. particularly in the areas of energy. transport, 
environmental protection, and—something that 1s very 
important—nuclear reactor safety 

The chancellor sand that in the talks with Gorbachev. 
which are scheduled to begin this afternoon, he will 
advocate the idea that the EBRD should make available 
additional credits for the Soviet Union. However, in this 
respect, there 1s considerable opposition on the part of 
Japan and the United States. So this 1s still very uncer- 

Gorbachey Meets EBRD's Attali 

LDICT07T092291 Pans France-Inter Radio Network 
m French 0900 GMT 17> Jul 91 

[Excerpts] The leaders of the seven most industrialized 
countnes assembled this morning for the tast official 
session of the London summit. [passage omitted] The 
Soviet number one began his day with a tete-a-tete 
breakfast with Francor Mitterrand. Although not sched- 
uled on the program. President Gorbaches this morning 
held talks with Jacques Attah. the president of the 
Furopean Bank for Reconstruction and Development 
[passage omitted] 


Gorbachev, Mitterrand Veet 

LD1707102391 Panis France-Inter Radio Network 
im French 1000 GMT 17 Jul 91 

[Excerpts] It 1s the third and last day of the summit of the 
seven most industnalized countries in London. [passage 
omitted) Mikhail Gorbachev, who arrived in London 
yesterday evening, has not lost any time: This morning 
the sead of the Kremlin had a tete-a-tete breakfast with 
Francois Mitterrand. Following their talks, the two 
heads of state said they considered that the meeting of 
the Sovict president with the leaders of the seven. the 
first of its kind, should lead—I quote—to a precise signal 
with a result and mechanisms 

After these 45 minutes of talks with Francois Mitterrand. 
the head of the Kremlin stated that the USSR cannot be 
a pertect replica of the Western countries, but he 
expressed the wish that his country should become an 
integral part of the world economy 

haifu, Gorbachev Veet 
OWT 071229191 Tohvo AYVODO on Enelish 1206 GMI 
I> Jul 9l 

[Text] London, July 17 KYODO—Soviet President 

Mikhail Gorbachev on met [as received] with Japanese 

FBIS-WEL -91-137 
17 July 1991 

Prime Minister Toshiki Kaifu Wednesday and called for 
promoting ties between the two countries, Japanese 
officials sand. Gorbachev told Karfu that ice between 
Japan and the Soviet Union has begun melting 

During the 40-minute meeting with the Soviet leader. 
Kaitu urged Gorbachev to apply his “new thinking” 
diplomacy to Asia, rmplying the return to Japan of four 
Soviet-held islands off northern Japan 

Kaitu renewed Tokyo's call for resolving the territorial 
dispute and for concluding a peace treaty, the officials 

Reportage on Gorbachev Visit 
MWa4/ 0713149] 

For Soviet reportage on visit of President Mikhail Gor- 
bachey to London, including his meetings with G-7 
participants, see the Worldwide Issues section of the 17 
July Soviet Unron DAILY REPORT and subsequent 


FBIS-WEL -91-137 
17 July 1991 

Mock: Country's, European Security Linked 
10] 07093791 Vienna WIENER ZEITUNG 
in German 17 Jul 91 p 3 

{Unattributed report: “Mock: The Decision Was Cor- 

[Text] There 1s “no security on a supposedly rsolated 
island.” stressed Foreign Minister Alors Mock on 16 July 
when he commented on the second anniversary of Aus- 
tria’s application for membership in the EC on 17 July, 
a decison, which in his view was correct 

Mock said that the events of the past years and months 
have shown the political interrelationship of the Euro- 
pean countries, and that the “peace and security of 
Europe as a whole are indivisible.” 

The foreign minister said that the negotiations on the 
European Economic Area have shown that “taking part, 
on the basis of equality, in shaping and deciding on the 
Furopean process of integration 1s only possible as a 
member of the EC.” He added that Austria “will be able 
to make a valuable contribution” within the EC. In 
addition, he sees the correctness of Austria’s decision to 
yorn the EC as confirmed by the fact that Sweden applied 
tor membership recently. and all EFTA [European Free 
Trade Association] states are seriously discussing mem- 

According to Mock, the EC has the urgent task of 
“contributing to the economic, social, and political sta- 
bility and development of the Eastern European reform 
countries.” Despite the difficulties regarding its all- 
European responsibility, the EC represents to many 
countries of the former Eastern Bloc a “factor of stabil- 
ity” and a “center of gravity.” The events in Yugoslavia 
have faced the EC with a new challenge. with which “it 
has coped actively and. so far, with positive results,” said 

Vienna Rejects SEFRY Accusations of Interference 
if / -OCO8S99] Tienna DER STANDARD im German 

I> Jul GI pn? 

[APA report: “Vienna Rejects Belgrade’s Accusations” ] 

[Text] Vienna Belgrade—O'n 16 July Austria strongly 
reyected Yugoslavia’s reproaches concerning Austria's 


behavior in connection with events in its southern neigh- 
boring country. In a reply presented by Austria's ambas- 
sador to Belgrade, Walter Siegl. the accusations leveled 
against Austria because of alleged weapons delivernes to 
Slovenia and Croatia, as well as of “interference in 
Yugoslavia’s internal affairs” were described as “com- 
pletely unfounded” and rejected strongly. Belgrade had 
also criticized the presence of Austrian soldiers on the 

The reply stresses that Austria’s policy toward Yugo- 
slavia 1s guided by the “only interest that ut should be 
made possible for the peoples in Yugoslavia to shape 
their future im accordance with the principles of self- 
determination, democracy. the rule of law, human rights 
and the mghts of minorities, as well as the market 
economy, confirmed in the Paris Charter by all CSCE 
member states.” This must be achieved through political 
dialogue and without the use of force 

Current Account Statistics for Jan-May Reported 

10 1607]02691] Vienna DIE PRESSE in German 
16 Jul 91 p 12 

{[Unattributed report: “The Current Account Deteriw- 
rated Compared to Last Year™] 

[Text] Vienna—With a deficit of 3.5 billion schillings, 
the current account in May 1991 remained largely 
unchanged compared to the same month last year, how- 
ever, the current account deteriorated in the period from 
January through May. Whereas a surplus totaling about 
2 bilhon schillings was registered in the same penod of 
the previous year, the first five months of 1991 showed a 
deficit of 1.9 bilhon schillings 

The balance of trade in the first five months of 1991 
showed a deficit of 49 billion schillings—!2 bilhon 
schillings more than last year. According to the Austnan 
Central Office of Statistics, exports increased 2 percent 
to 195.2 billion schillings. and imports increased 6.5 
percent to 244.2 billhon schillings. The surplus in the 
service balance increased 4 percent to 28 billion schill- 
ings. Gross revenues from tourism increased about |! 
percent, whereas the Austrians expenditures for travels 
abroad stagnated. The balance of capital transactions 
from January through May 199! showed net capital 
exports of 6 billhon schillings as compared to 10 billion 
schillings in the same period of 1990 



Eyskens Says Israel Can Rely on EC Cooperation 

ips ‘S4) Bru : la t m Rad Ne? r* 
if wiaWwi ;* Iu J] 

Text) Mark Evskens ends a vest in Isracl. The Belgian 
lorcign minister met with Israch Prince Monester V utzhak 
Shamir and a Palestinian deicgation. For Mark Evskens 
israc!l can rely on close coonomnic Cooperation with the 
F< but on order to do so. he sand to the Israch officials 

u Should make peace with the newhboring countrics 

Mark Evskens added that he was struck by the skept 
sm of the Palestinians on the chances for a peace 
process. Dul he concluded thal there ss no reason tor 

ompictc despair mm getting all the partics around the 


lurkish Consulate Stoned by Protestors 12 Jul 
POU 145091 Ankara ANATOLI I on be ’ 

leat] Deventer (A A—About 

| srkeah f onmsulate during a cle monsitratwr 

proicsicrs reoted at th 

lurk sh (novernmecnt witnessecs sand 

FBIS-WEL -91-17 

1” July 1991 
Protesters hurled rocks at the comsulatk mes Casicmn 
Dutch city. smash ne scvcral “ITC! Ss 
T he attack a beheved wo he nmacad 1 \A car “MlLaN § 

clash between securits forces and demonstrators im tf 
southeastern Anatohan city of Div arhaker mn what 

pcopic “ctc hill a and more inan . . ww 
The unrest councided with a stormons t the Turkest 

P-mbo«s on London hm some soores of Kurdish demo 

CSFR’s Dienstbier Holds Talks. Opens Consulate 
i 00017 24591 Praewe CTA on Eneiis 
Wwil i» is / 5 J J Ji 

[Text] Amsterdam July & (C TK correspond 

( zechoslovak Foreign Minister J Densthocr discussed 
( vochosiov akia § LAIKS ON AN aSsOctaTNOnN a rol with if 
European C ommunity (EC) with hes Dutct nicrpart 

Hans van den Brock. today 

Another tocus of their talks was the situatoon in \ upo 
slavia where Van den Brock has attended tl rounds of 
talks with the local parties mvolved : lint asa 

member of an EC mediating mrsespor 

Drensthier stopped overt Amsterdan ' ‘ 
Venezvucla and Brazil 

This evening he otlicia mncd a rhs ik Pow 
orary © onsulatc, which w he headed hs OMdnch t 1 

dortsk, | Dutch cue i? rys aT ‘ wis 1 JT hh 
World Trade ( enter 

FBIS-WEL -91-107 
17 July 1991 

Hurd: Kk Ready for Military Action Against Iraq 

LD100 7182891 London PRESS ASSOCIATION 
m bnmelih 12840 16 Jul i 

[By James Hardy. PRESS ASSOCTATION lobby corre- 
spondecnt | 

Text] Britann os ready to participate m any military 
action to destroy nuclear establishments in Irag. Foresgn 
Secretary Douglas Hurd sand today. No firm decrssons 
had been taken by heads of government at the mterna- 
onal summit om London. but thes strongly suspe ied 
Saddam Husayn was still being evasive about hrs nuctear 
capatulity. be sand 

Mr Hurd. as host forcign moenester tor the (,? mecting 
told a mews conterence for the world’s media that intor- 
mation trom Ut nanted Nations nuclear investigators and 
Iraq was still berng scrutinised. However, he unsisted 
“We are gorng to make sure, one way or the other, that 
Irag does not become—does not even create the danger 
of becoming—a nuclear power” Asked if that meant 
Britain would take part in military action threatened by 
LS Presedent Bush. he sand: “Yes. 1 does mean that.” He 
added No decrsons have been taken, of course, about 
renewed military action against the Iragrs nuclear tacil- 
ites because we are al the stage of cxamining a mass of 
information which Irag has now produced. “We will 
then have to examine whether ot 1s sufficient: We doult 
it, We thonk there vs still ev asiveness, but that evaluation 
iS Mot vet completed 

Mr Hurd made ut clear the leading industrial nations 
were om no hurry to case sanctrons against Irag. but sand 
the | N Security Counci would be keen to gct human 
tartan and to ts people * We are anxrous to reconcile two 
things. We don't want the people of Irag to suffer trom 
disease or hunger but equally we don't want to enable 
or encourage Saddam Husavn. tor reasons which are 

familar to cvervbods he sand 

lurkish Airlines Office, Banks Attacked 15 Jul 
Parse crsolel Amhara ANATORT 1 om Tarkich 
2M GUT TS Jul 91 

[Text] London (AA}—Tahsin Akt reports—Following 

attacks on the Turkish Arrlones office and the Turkesh Is 
Bank branch carly thes morning. a group of people 
attacked the Ziraat | Agnculture] Bank branch at noon 


About 20) people entered the Ziraat Bank branch on 
Bishop's Gate Street. caused extensive damage to the 
lobby. and wrote slogans on the walls with red part. No 
one was killed of myured. The police have detained the 


(nc of the bank personnel told AA: “A group of people 
ranied the bank at around 1445. saved mnsede tor about 
halt an hour, and were all carned away by the pole The 
turmeture om the lobby has been torn and the walls 
parnted with bright red slogans.” The same source sand 
that nothing had happened to the bank personne! 

An official trom the Bishop's Gate police statvon told AA 
that the 20) to 25 persons who carned out thes act are 
being mmtcrrogated. He sand he docs not vet know to 
which organization they belong or the arm of the attack 

The Ziraat Bank 1s the fourth targct hit on London since 

Israeli Foreign Minister Arrives for Talks 
PD1607 16229) London PRESS ASSOC TATION 
m Enelioh IS80 GMT 16 Jul 9 

[By Tom Momullan, PRESS ASSOCTATION diplomat 

[Text] Israch Foreign Minister David Levi arrived om 
London today as the G7 summit leaders increased pres- 
sure on hrs Country to assist attempts to reach a Middle 
Fast peace settlement. The leaders called mm ther polit 
cal declaration tor both sides mn the dispute to “show the 
flexibility necessary to allow a peace conference to be 
convened”. Specifically. they urged that Israc!l should 
suspend its policy of building settlements on the occupied 
terrmitones and that the Arabs should halt thew trade 
bovoott, Mr Levi, whose visit was arranged some wecks 
ago. 1s to meet foreign Secretary Douglas Hurd on 
Thursday—and may also hold talks with US. Secretary 
of State James Baker 

Middle East experts beheve the G? leaders have brought 
negotiations on a peace deal significantly nearer by 
linking the 40-year Arab boycott of Israch goods and 
compames dealing with Isracl with Tel Aviv'’s Settle 
ments polis. The announcement that Svna had now 
virtually accepted a regional conterence—described fy 
President Bush as a “breakthrough” —was thought to 
have put renewed pressure on Isracl, whose Prime Min 
ster Yitzhag Shamir has been criticised for hes response 
to the LS. mutiative 


Members of EC Observers Team Leave for Zagreb 

LDI907142591 Berlin ADN in German 1248 GUT 
14 Jul vi 

[Text] Bonn (ADN}—The first three of a total of sin 
Gserman observers traveled to Zagreb today as part of the 
EC observer mission in Yugoslavia. the Ministry of 
Foreign 4ffairs announced in Bonn today. According to 
the monestry. at first the EC 1s sending up to $0 observers 
to Y ugosi.2isa for three months. The mission. headed by 
reured Netherlands Ambassador van der Valk. 1s to meet 
tor the first tume in Zagreb tomorrow 

The Minestry of Foreign Affairs sand that the mission's 
task 1s to help stabilize the cease-fire in Yugoslavia and 
monitor the three-month suspension of Croatia's and 
Vovenia’s independence declarations 

Waigel Views Course for USSR After G-7 Talks 

10 1 30°7917°9! Munich SLUEDDEUTSCHE ZEITUNG 
im Geerman 13-14 Jul Yi pl 

[Gerhard Hennemann report on interview with Finance 
Minister Theo Wangel. place and date not given: “Wa- 
ec! More Ard to the USSR Might Be Too Great a Burden 
for German Economy” ] 

[Text] Bonn, !2 July—FRG Finance Minister The 
W age! regards 11 as impossible for Germany to continuc 
to provide extraordinary aid to the USSR and the other 
East European reform countnes. On the eve of the 
London international economic summit and the subse- 
quent meeting of the participants im the summit with 
Crorbachey, Waigel spoke out in favor of a fair interna- 
tional distribution of the burden resulting from building 
the all-European home Wage! told SUEDDEL TSCHE 
ZEITUNG that although Germany w:i fulfill its obliga- 
trons as agreed. any bilateral aid to avert the economn 
collapse of the USSR that goes beyond that might even 
be too much for the strong Corman economy 

In the view of Finance Minister Waigel, chairman of the 
(Christian Social Umon, the London economic summit 
should agree on a concrete definition of international 
burden sharing (“burden sharing”) and international 
responsibility (world partnership’) In Wangel’s 
opinion, the majority in the US. Congress 1s finding 
very difficult to abandon the idea that the difficult 
situation im the USSR and other East European reform 
countnes constitutes primanly a German problem. Both 
mn the Congress and within the administration in Wash- 
ington it has been “noticed with gratitude” that Bonn’s 
economic and financial ard for the USSR considerably 
contributed to the two world powers’ first cooperation in 
foreign policy in a conflict region. Nevertheless, Wash- 
ington docs not yet want to draw any conclusions from 
it, Hence, at the London summut the Federal Govern. 
ment must strongly emphasize that German aid for the 
SSR was not only advantageous for the process of 
reconstruction. but for the entire free world “I am 

FBIS-WEL -91-127 
17 July 1991 

convinced that Presadent Bush and our European part- 
ners share that vice Wage! stressed 

In W angel's opimon. the offer that the USSR 1s gencrall, 
cipected to be presenied with un London—namely to 
youn the IMF and the World Bank as an associated 
member soon—should be linked with a certain perspec- 
tive for the teme of full membership. and thus matcrial 
support) Therefore. the newly established European 
Bank tor Reconstruction and Dev clopment must cxtcnd 
tS Statutes so credits can also be granted to the USSR in 
the tuture “lt assocrated membership m the IMF is 
achieved then onc must be ready to take the sec nd step 
100.~ Still, W angel admitted that. preor to that. the USSR 
must go through a “learning process” as tar as the 
function and the tasks of the IMF for adapting structures 
of the national cconomy are concerned. Ii s understand. 
able that thes 1s a particularly parnful process for a mayor 
power such as the USSR. therefore. associated membecr- 
ship as a first sep toward full membership is a more 
“sensitive solution” than enforcing an immediate plan 
for cconoma recovery. Nevertheless, the USSR wall not 
be able to do without an adaptation program in the spirit 
of the IMF and World Bank statutes. To receive that 
multinational support for hrs country. Crorhaches must 
create a bas of confidence for money from private 
investors and for internathonal financial means of the 
community of peoples by making concrete promrses and 
presenting a binding timetable 

In the actual summit talks or the situation of the 
international cconomy. which precede the mecting 
between Grorhaches and the he ds of state and govern 
ment of the seven major indi malized nations, W argc! 
does not rule that the Germans and the US. once again 
engage in a tiresome debate on imterest rates In that 
event, one Must once More pont out to the partners that 
there 1s a clear difference between overcoming recession 
with the instrument of monctary policy on the one hand 
and keeping cxcessive coonomic growth within lemits 
that are tolerable trom the port of view of stability. on 
the other hand “Each side must use its room to 
mancuver as far as interests are concerned (ine of the 
reasons that the Federal Government will not come 
under criticrsm regarding international cconomy 1s that 
almost all German trade partners. mm particular the 
European ones. are currently considerably benefiting 
from large German imports, which are a result of unit) 
cation. “Thus. we are making a contribution both to the 
international cconomy and to stability. after wl. if those 
foreign goods were not availahic to us. prices would 
explode here.” Wage! concluded 

PDS Granted Greater Rights in Bundestag 
LDIp0° 01191 Hambure DP 41 on German O81 GMT 
it Ju v/ 

[Text] Karlsruhe (DPA}—The Party for Democratn 
Socialism [PDS] Left List 1s not entitled to recognition as 
aparhamentary group. bul the Bundestag must grant ita 

FBIS-WEL -91-137 
17 July 1991 

greater say. This was decided by the Federal C onstitu- 
tonal Court today. Thus the appeal by the 17 deputies of 
the Socialest Unity Party of Germany successor party. 
which wants totally cqual status with parhamentary 
groups. has been partially successful 

Ex-Stasi Members in Civilian Police L nits 
40:1 °07095.291 Hambure DER SPIEGEL im German 
1S Jul 91 pp 28-31 

[Unattnbuted report: “Help With Code 609000" 1 

[Text] The last house on Am Heiberg Strasse im the 
Schwerm district of Goernes 1s a run-down apartment 
block between a factory hall and a bypass road. Sccret 
activities are carned out mn it by day and night 

Mainly younger. athictic-looking men keep disappearing 
behind stec! doors. which block both access to the vard 
and the view at the side entrance. Behind the herred 
windows of the upper floor one can often sce busy 
shadows moving about well into the might. The hoense 
plates of the cars mm the vard are covered with cleaning 


No sign on the building. which belongs to the premises of 
the Soviet Group of Western Forces and 1s losing its 
formerly yellow paint in tig patches. reveals the identity 
of the mysterious mbhabitants. Neighbors who ask 
receive evasive answers “Crovernment emplovees” are 
working there. they are told 

The secrecy 1s understandable—because behind the pro- 
tective Sovect walls there live a group of police invest: 
gators, who have to keep secret not only them current 
work but also their past 

They belong to the about 350 once most secret among 
the secret helpers of Stasi. the so-called U -cmplovees 
Last summer. at the order of then Intenor Moenister 
Peter-Michael Drestel (Christian Democratic U non) 
thes smoothly moved from the strictly secret observa- 
thon groups of the Ministry of State Security (MPS) to the 
changed ex1-GDR police 

There they are now dealing again with their accustomed 
tasks: They work as undercover investigators—this time 
for the criminal police in the new lacnder 

In thrs way one dozen members of the so-far unknown 
top-secret troop, which was represented as the 1 U Office 
in all bezirk crtees on the past, survived the revolution in 
Schwernn almost without problem As “a completely 
normal observation group.” as Reimer Quade. head of 
the Schwerin Criminal Police Directorate. assures us. the 
ex-Stasi people are now serving to combat most serious 
crimes, “as we also know this from the old lacnder 

However, the people from the Heiberg are in no way 

“simple employees.” as Quade hkes to pretend The 
Schwerin unit 1s now also proving its worth for the west 
German constitutional protection According to onc 


mvestigator. thes already observed occupied houses. in 
which “activists of the extra-parhamentarn scene” are 
assumed to live 

The old comrades are working in somilar wavs im the 
other cries of the ex-GDR_ In Leupzig the \ -c:aplovees 
gathered again wm an “Organized Crome Ubservation 
Group™. m Gera thes are, unnotwed or undisturbed, in a 
Covehan Task Force (ZEG) 

As m the past. the dic-hard mvesimators are trying to 
cover ther ongins with the help of carctully worked out 
dentites. Asked by DER SPIEGEL about his past, 
Woltgang Rehse. 38. head of the Schwermn unit, swsts 
that he was hired “directly” by the former GDR Intenor 
Monsstry (Madi) and not by Enoch Moclke’s Stasi Monestry 
And Rehse'’s deputy. Ench Kray. *3. also refers to a 
“contract with the Md.” In the presence of his supe- 
rvors, Kray insists—perspiring and « ringing his hands— 
that he was “never pand by the MPS.” 

Thes may well be, because acoording to a secret Stas: 
directive. whoch called for a particularly caretul “shicld- 
ing’ of the L-emplovees “against berng directly linked 
with the MPS the PU ons were officially directly 
subordinate to the Intervor Ministry and to the infamous 
Criminal Commrissariats | 

Their formal assignment was to contribute wrth ~s..-fer- 
cover forces” —as an order by former GDR fntcror 
Minister Fnednch Dickel of 1982 savs—to “fulfilling 
special tasks of security and personal checks” and to 
averting “hostile attacks agaist the GDR’'s general secu- 
rity and state system ~ 

“Tasks. work methods. forces. means. and service 
otyects” of the 1 U). however, were expressly declared “a 
State secret” by the minister. It was even prohibited to 
put the personal files of the units “into the memory 
hanks of the Cadre Administratron” —which was quite 

Secret documents. which are available to DER SPIE- 
GEL. and statements by former Stas: officers now prove 
that tasks and work methods of the 1 U) Office” not only 
required “its constant and direct cooperation” with the 
Stas, as Dicke!’s order sand. “In the end” its emplovees 
were “almost exclusively” (one ex-officer from Berlin) 
full-tume MfS emplovees. they were. as has been shown 
now on the salary lists of the Stas: apparatus These lists 
contain 37° names of L-cmplovees (as of the end of 
1989)—coded and with additional information—under 
the subhead of “Ministry of the Interor” 

The fact that the undercover investigators were able to 
save ther yobs in the united republw ws duc to the 
“especially imtricate shiclkding” of the U-cmplovees by 
the SED [Socialest Unity Party of Crermany| regime. asa 
former officer of the responsilc Stasi Main Department 
VIll says 


According to latest findings by the people responsibic for 
dissolving the Stasi, the circle of U-cmplovees was “lim- 
ited to the absolutely necessary minimum number.” in 
line with the MfS orders. Their work was reserved to 
tasks of “special security policy omportance.” as a 
“guideline” of the Main Department VIII (Confidential 
Matter 001 3D-93/86) savs. Thes were used under very 
“special requirements to ensure secrecy and confident:- 

“Primarily newly hired employees” of the MES were used 
as U-emplovees. No other official emplovees were per- 
mitted among their family members. Not even “family 
relanonships with representatives of publi life” were 

In addition. the “unknown ones” were ecncrally “not 
permitted to enter official facuities and installations of 
the MfS or M&S facilities which were known to the public 
as such.” Their accommodation in so-called U -facthities 
had to be “kept appropriately secret” also “from other 
members” of the MfS. Even internal personal files were 
not permitted 1O CONTAIN “any spec ifie information on a 
person's work as | -cmplovec. on particular on hes wen 

No wonder that citizens committecs and the pooplic 
responsible for dissolving the Stasi. such as Special 
Commusssoner Joachim Gauck. have so far been “mostly 
im the dark concerning the work and wentity of | 

employees.” No wonder that the past of the | 
U-investigators also remained in the dark when thes 
were taken over by other units 

Even the “Prelominary MES Service U net ¢ ipher ( ode 

for deciphering the Stas: salary documents. which the 
people responsible for dissolving the Stas: have been 
using since the revolution. did not allow the uncovering 
of these emplovees Only a special “application hand 
book.” to whech only a few selected officers had access 
provides the decisive information for linking two 
codes—for cipher number 609000) which led to the trace 
of the alleged Intenor Ministrn, emplovces 

whech had |S members until! 
n structure and cam 

The Schwerm troop 
recently. 1s practically exemplar 
ouflage. In lone with secret MIPS orders. an observation 
group was supposed to const of “at least i4 I 

emplovees.” who. as cover, had to accept 
employment im the armed organs of thei ck pendent 
INStitulhons —for criample = the Midi with ws mans 



The location of the service faciltres ms to hy chosen in 
such a was. the Stas: servece writers Say that of « 
impossiPlic to look into them and that entry and cart can 
take place larect) without heing obser cd A potential 
check of the cars must “not permit an mks to tx 
established with the VIN 
know ss to he 
members of one's own service unit 
unknown «s\ stem worked to the last Thy nvcstigators 

And the circle of people on the 

rigorously mited ‘cr aS 

remained undiscovered when in Ob tomer vAY TP 

FBIS-WEL -91-1° 
17 July 1991 

observed the revoluthon demonstrations im Schwcrin’s 
city center in order to sdentify “decadent persons” under 
the password “Jewel ~ 

The U-emplovees also remained undiscovered when on 
spring 1990 members of the cituzens’ commutices wer 
first told about the secret activities on the Sovect pre 
mises. Berlin Licutenant Colonc! Heinz Roessicr bead 
of the undercover agents 
skeptical civil activists by referring to alleged polwe 

successtully rcassured the 

The system of hes even worked when m autumn 19% 
Deputy East Berlin Internal Affairs City Councillor 
Peter Haupt claimed to have discovered crvihan imves 
tigators im the changed Berlin People's Polhwe The 
people in gucstion are used only in “discovering latent 
crime and “implementing preventive measures.” Dies 
tel’s Intenor Ministry immediate! pointed out 

The Lewpzig Intenor Ministry os still contesting the 
findings. The “top secret” alleged police investigators. 1 
S Sand there. were not real Stas: emplovecs. “Even 
though they were “on the MES salary Insts.” not even the 
investigators themscives knew that. it 1s clarmed with a 
weird hog “hecause thes were pand cash tor reasons of 

Even Gauck’s associates on the Stas: archives have hardly 
made any progress in clarifveng the maticr They make 
finds mostly only if “operational group leaders” of the 
l -teams or their deputies were semultancous! regrstered 
as “officers with special tasks (ODE) In thes way. Ingo 
Mouctier. 4°. and Dectmar Crerester. 37. were uncovered 
m Lewpzig and (hwald Terschansh:, 80. mm Schwerm 
Most of the UL -emplovees. however. are registered only as 
w-called sev units proects (Sivoo) of the former VtmSN Mlaw 
Department Vill 

\coording to a Stas: archivest from Saxons. Sive opton 
mation mainly served the 
agaINS INGUISITIVE access — "SO as NOT to let any arr eet to 
them ~ Whenever data of an emplovex 
tered as a security provect. was demanded. the flow 
information was automatically, Mocked w as to 
the emplovee 's identity 

professional shicid ne 

who was reer 

rer. yt ’ 
; .' 

()roush. some of the affected persons knew the sv stem 
quite well During thew first checks Stas archrv rests 
found oul that rent of the Srivo f hes were vhyy aPUrSt \ 

destroved on purpose” during the revolution 

60 Percent of Former GDR Army Property Returned 

oP OCTTISY! Bertin NEUE ZEIT om Germas 
itJuni Vl ad 

NZ ADN- report The Bundesachr Releases Mhor 

Burlidings and j and 

Text) Detense Minister Crerhard St licenbere has 

released another ‘ meves ' real cstah iy f on 

hectares that used to be used tor milrtary purryMrsc® if 

PRIS-WEL 91-17 
17 July 1991 

the ncw lacndecr As was stated by sowrces in the Defense 
Mbarstrn, on Finday. thes fourth reicase of land and 
buskdings rs intended to promote the coomomy on the ace 

The property that was released includes ©) picoes mm 
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerama 437 om Brandenburg 
srs om Saxony-Anhalt, 15 om Thuremngia. $6 om Saxony. and 
cmgit on Bern. Thus. 60 percent of the 2.250 picoes of 
properts on Pushdengs and land. ehech were taken over by 
the Bundevechr. have been returned to the gencral stack 
of tederally owned land More property 1s to be gradually 
returned hy 1994-95 

Lack of Officers, Ealisted Men Predicted 

10 75075 280) Hametere DIE WELT om Gorman 
1S Ju vipd 

[Rucdecr Momac report “Nember of Votuntecrs for 
Bundeswehr ls Too Low”) 

| Text) Bonn— The Bundesechr on the united Crermany is 
taceng cnormows difficulties mm recrusteng the required 
number of officers to sgn up for longer periods of tome 
and om recrusieng eninted men The reason. which has 
alarmed the leaderstup of the Defense Miner but 
whech has also so tar prevented from speaking out m 
pubic and from investigating the causes. rs that sence the 
middle of the cighties the number of young men volun- 
teerong for service om the Armed Forces has stcadsly 
declined A decreawng number of voung men want to 
become soldrers Thus. it has become clear that mm some 
sectrons of the Bundewsechr. the number of officer can- 
dodates will not be sufficrent to cower the demand In 
oommeng vears. there will be a shortage of voung men m 
the motor zed infantry force. the armored infantry force 
the nuctear, bologecal, and chemecal ecapons defense 
torce, and the artillery force There well also be a lack of 
personne! not only om the A Force and the Navy. but 
also om the medial servce. where the stuatron has 
somewhat rmproved recentl owing to the admiwon of 
tomate appln ants 

Looording to recent calculations. the Bundevechr needs 
2080 offeer candidates m 199) Wath 2090 officer 
candidates the Bundesechr hopes to rmprove the struc- 
ture of (ts menemum strength of professsonal soldiers and 
solders who sgn up for a longer perad of tem | despite 
its refuctron of the peaceteme strength to 370.000 men 
The beadersfup wants to ensure that a therd officer will be 
assigned to every unit (company batters) te cnsure 
attractive and high-quality trarning for those dorng hasx 
moelitary service. Thos 1s not the case at present. as | M of 
a total of 842 wnets of the | Army Corps have only one 

In secw of the low number of applcants. the whuaton 
atll probally detenorate Morcover. not everybody rs 
surted for molrtary service In 1984 the rateo of applicants 
to those acoepted was ell 7 |) The troop was able to 
select the best to a certam extent In 1990 the rato was 
41 Thess tendency contenucs unabated.” the command 


afl of the Armed Forces seted m an mtcrnal paper 
According to cuperts. a gpencral tomdcncs aay trom the 
multary 1 to be ofecrved—at east om Cecrmam Even 
the hope of Defense Meontn, offioal that encmplos- 
ment moght icad to a rrec on applacatroms. partaularly m 
the ace lacndcr has not heen fulfilled Thus there me alo 
a lack of enlisted men (6% | ful. the Bendesechr eas 
short of onc Quartet of the total rogurrement of cninted 
men The Aq Force eas not ac to cmplo. more than 
eo) of the required 408) men 

The commanding general of the | (orm. Lecutenant 
(sencral Klaus Naumann. tears an mcrcased cticct on the 
troop The general. whe rs to assume rewpomwbelety for a 
“healthy” Bundcsechr as tar as structure cgurpment 
and motrvation are concerned. sees a lemk The fewer the 
leaders om the units. the poorer and lew challenerng the 
trammung of those downg hasx mulrtary serv nce will be, and 
the spurits of the vowng men eho pot hang about m the 
troop will he corresponding!) dampened 

Thes tendency 1s strengthened hy a dev chopment toler. 
ated th the Federal Groverement In the 199) draft 
budgct. the Defense Menrstry «as requested to organize 
the reduction of profewsonal srldeers and solders eho 
wgn up for a longer pete to 1708) men Is the end of 
1994 ma “connal” manner However the means that 
the lack of mstructors, whech has carted for vears and 
whoch has not been chemenated would he rm corperated om 
the new structure The prospects of seach a dev chopment 
are alarmong tor leadeng offers They de not under- 
stand ehy Detemse Moenester Crorhard Stottenberg ns 
mabing lithe cflort to step thr trend 

* Movement Noted in fF astern Housing | parading 
1 LGE MEINE on German 14 Jen Ol pe 

[Artcte fy Lt) “Rehateletateon Is | reent. Praw Adam 
Scheactzer Notes Fert Seccewses om Howswng ( omsetruc 
thon on East”) 

[Text] Berlin —Federal Menestcr of C omstraction \dam 
Scheactzer secs rnetial seccewsecs on the cchaPlrtatron of 
the entire arling howseng on the new Lacnder The moenestet 
sand on Berlen that the v arrows and programs would hx 
morcaungly used In Saxony. Anhalt alome 25 0) appl 
cathoms have been made for sulodics amounting to “HO 
millon Grerman marks (19M) wthech the boderal Growern 
ment grants thes vcar for howseng Comstrectoon as part of 
the Community Actron | pwarng Fast The Recometrex 

thon Loan Corporation ethech has leenhed a DMIO 
tulhon credst program. has recened more than “7 nH) 
applications and ower 1.10") are added day The Cor 

poration thus far has commeiticd credits ammownteng to 
DM? S telbon. abut DYMER 4H) melon has already heen 
desbursed Theres perimets the Com cheseon that ahowt SOUND 
apariments are nore borng rohatwlrtated eith creeds from 
the maxdernizatron program 

Rehativtation and modermisatron arc erpent to case the 
serious howwng shortage om the new Lacndet the menetet 


* Rerden of C.TIR'« Peay hewemctal legacy Wicighed 

ais Met 71 = 
7 July 109) GERVIANY " 
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mri eF 




also directed against one’s Own person in such a way that 
it only became evident in later psychosocial illnesses, or 
had to be paid for with a considerable loss of vitality and 
enjoyment of life. 

In my publications after the “turnaround™ | tried to 
demonstrate that Stalinism was the way of life of an 
entire people, and no one was spared the psychosocial 
consequences of repression. Of course, one can and must 
distinguish between consequences relevant under crim- 
inal law, moral failure. and plain human weakness. but 
even such significant differences cannot deceive us that 
all of us were affected. An attentive public reacted to that 
with the question whether, in my opinion, an entire 
people would have to undergo therapy. | see a danger 
linked to this formulation of the question: It might put 
sMO Question the seriousness of the required reflection 
through pointing to a possibly exaggerated. generalizing 
and unrealistic interpretation. thus slandering the psy- 
chosocial dimension of these processes. | also see in it 
defense mechanisms against possibly and very probably 
having been affected. Unfortunately. defective psychic 
developments in the subjective fecling of the individuai 
are the lesser es 1! compared to the strenuous and painful 
effort of perceiving. remembering. and changing. Insight 
into a reyected psychic problem always causes fear, rage. 
shame, and sadness over harm inflicted. over constric- 
tions and warpedness. over losses and missed chances in 

nly this fact makes me understand why we humans 
adhere to our self-destructive behavior despite knowing 
better, despite existing insight into its harmfulness. This 
applies to individuals as well as entire societies, if one 
considers, for instance. how the industrial nations are 
heading toward an ccological catastrophe. although all 
the alarming data have long been known. We were not 
allowed to have feelings and express them in differenti- 
ated ways, but rather, as a rule we were punished and 
ridicuied if we showed anger or pain. The collective 
efforts of pain repression give indirect indications of 
how much pain and misery dwell in all of us. Were we to 
open ourselves to external suffering (if we were truly to 
feel the destruction of the env ronment. the poisoning, 
the poverty), we would also have to again feel our own 
inner suffering. For this reason we prefer to stay closed, 
Stay remote, and at most work on symptomatic 
“combat” measures without really changing anything 

On the basis of the turnaround and unification policy, 
this collective repression mechanism at present can be 
observed directly in Germany. In 1, eastern and western 
Germans play two roles in the same drama, only they 
represent two different sides of the same com. Ws do not 
want true insight into our affectedness and guilt, into our 

constrictions and warpedness, rather, we want “quick 
salvation.” The defensive nature of our behavior 

becomes evident, for instance, in our car-buying frenzy 
We want to have the better and more powerful cars. 
without having either the roads, parking places, or really 

FBIS-WEL -91-137 
17 July 1991 

the money, which we would need urgently for more 
important things. We think we are choosing freedom and 
we get stuck in traffic jams. The automobile seems more 
important to us than our fuiure. and especially more 
significant than the way we live together 

Rapid unification, the effort to repress the past (for 
example. talk about a general amnesty and the denial of 
the milhons of destroyed and burdened human relation- 
ships that could be made clear through the Stas: files. the 
revaluation of a blocs party to a party of power) are 
merely a few indicators how strong the need must be for 
us to quickly flee mto a new security. This was also 
promoted by the western side above all. and thus an 
autonomous. gradually maturing development was pre- 
vented here. As an excuse. economic pressures. the 
actual political situation and the wish of people for rapid 
unification were mentioned, but the ultimate superiority 
of west German culture and way of life were probably 
also to be demonstrated and secured. thus repressing any 
possible critical question for a long time to come. Espe- 
cially the “leftists” on western Germany are disappointed 
that we have not implemented their revolutionary hopes 
and that. because of our lack of political culture. a 
considerable setback 1s occurring in all of Germanys 

This common German past so far had its worst defective 
societal development under national socialism. The 
largest part of the German people were not only involved 
as victims. For this reason one must also ask how thus 
massive abnormality was overcome. After the collapse of 
the Third Reich the partition of Germany offered the 
possibility of avonding a true coming to grips with the 
past. The Americans obligated the western Germans to 
parhamentary democracy and opened for them the 
opportunity of the “economic muracle”. the Russians 
torced the eastern Germans to build up socialism under 
an ideological hegemony—not only were both sides fully 
occupied with shaping the present so that the past could 
fade away immediately. they were also brought up in 
mutual hostility and reciprocal prejudices. With the new 
external enemy image. the latent evil in individuals 
could be brought under control and diveried to the 
outside. These reciprocal projections were soon joined 
by chances for detachment: We could use [prevailing] 
conditions to excuse Our inner Misery, Our constriction. 
cowardice and opportunism and push our unlived 
freedom over the wall. The western citizens, on the other 
hand, did not have to relate their inner poverty, their 
smallness and weakness to themselves, because they 
could delegate these traits as characteristics of castern 

Thus we have mutually contributed to conceal the 
burden of our past. In western Germany. disagreeable 
critics were threatened: So go over there to the cast! With 
us, dissidents were declared “class enemies steered by 
imperialism” or “expatriated™ to the west. In this way 
the existence of two German states made it possible for 
both systems to stabilize power in order to prevent 
fundamental critical questions on the concept of society 
and overcoming the past 

FBIS-WEL -91-137 
17 July 1991 

In my 
(Berlin 1vV0) | 

drome tor GDR conditions ocaus ! sull 

wy 4 

faction Of essential Dasn psychos 
tonal blockage as a result 1 POTIMNeINe ! 
emotions and imimucal t \. But i am pe I 1 
ine Nvpothesis ihat w isc ins ay nb 
common. tundamental psychos 
found on. lw a . TY ni AT " rms ’ 

— . i. . : ’ 
Qgucnces OF Cceicctive so ee n 
different compensations for u. Wi mn ( 

mans understandably, reacted w 

depressions to the encompassing oppress Mest 
(sermans had to show ercak ‘ ] 

ciency Mm ord rl SUL \ gint ' ’ 

maticr whal thei truc psyc! \ ‘ 
health and psychosocial stress uruy j 

Ton SUIK ides d ,oOrccs ] | 
; ’ . rit ' 
GUespite #reater prosp ing \ } 
west, arc in NO way ss ina ind w 
want to deny that t Aa ! ; ; 
SOMPCLY must N | is i? —" 7. 
d sorders We Jit cT unicring im ’ ‘ 
T rr i snot ty ‘ ; 
‘ iG sa wusil : 
‘ } he , 
sp | ’ ig? : ag \5 
l ltumat 1 f rns 
Net ‘ vA sNou : rcs ) ‘ } ‘ 
mit at 7) rye a« ; <7 ? . . " 
which sluesS ar cj ‘ sis «? di 
inswuer | ins guest nm ss tia / ' : 1% 
: . ' ’ ft 
principle. Instead it 1s accepted as fevid 
Ve ’ thre tnnumph ' +) « 4 
1? “> } «? niar r) <7 ‘ } , ¥ " 
| » bh rt | te. oa] ’ “’? 
ais \ ie) ul ‘ 
debate whether we might 1 T ket dit! 
ry “7 , , , | 
‘S | ieas | 
thine ' , , ’ 
r a! sw ‘\ " ‘ ’ ‘ 
nif Te tS natura ' Mala y [ " 
(ur noOwica iastrop! if 
+> , +) ; 7 _/ 7, , ; — , ‘ ‘ " 
: iT) 14 ny a‘ ML ’ ‘ } | 
rising PTCyspn rit\ rouuil if AP! . ’ ’ i’ 
} ‘ " ‘; ‘ 
" has cause md sa yg j 
resis I hers hor the tru pr bhherse oof th ‘ byl thy 
human sur ‘a may tt nocaled hel 1 ¢, = 

(scrman ssucs 

people are only ready tor bitter insight, a parntu n 
tf. grips with their ipnorma attit TT iWmhl siren 
change, when th ire rea doing badly and at d 
Crisis Sore P t that are ti yup! o +} ts)] ; ~ 

| ‘ " " +} th , ‘ s «) 

Aas SOMT Wi Aapait ‘ } ™ ne 4 
whi h oT ned up J sulst Tul Satitya ? ‘ ' 
yutsrcte “her im inner pur ' if n " cf 

Gserman unification in the process of an cast-west 
Cilatwon so tar has remained a supert ’ ‘L 
wrested trom surrounding pressures, but tl nner d 
cen ituation. the emotional blockage and tt f 
detens ind COTTE nsatiion mm Myanimns Nay rycst 
overcome by a long shot. From this aspect of - © 


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New Rail Lines Speed Up Freight Transport 

{,/ iJ j ) : py ay 
Renort | “AT? Now | bs , 
ic\l 1) wsclhdort s | \ 
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lees ] yt : r 
‘+ ry Talt if ' ’ ‘ \ 
feshal ‘ } hac hb ‘ 
port quality mm respect to b 
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ritwa n ti past icw iT ' ; 
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a pet on Red mi dust ] ] 
1) rade lé | du ih ? | | 
t* mnsport wt T r rs "we ; 
hefween <h ppers ar 4 \1 
wor) by] ' ‘ ’ 
Sy ‘ ’ 
my " ee the 
, oe j 
1 by Bundeshba!l ’ taal | 4 ' 
. , » dias i< Tt 
pal Ap 7 | ‘ 4 ' 

Wuerzbure route Now tl ' 

na thy ’ TY? ‘ 
t rniont | +? 
ts, va ’ 5 
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particularly in sectors involving rather long distances 
This is especially true of the Hamburg-Munich and 
Bremen-Stutigart routes. At night a train travels between 
these two economic centers in each direction without 
making any other stops along the way. Given a positive 
response in the transport market these offerings. which 
are still called “pilot lines.” will be expanded later on. 
according to the Bundesbahn 

the InterC argoExpress uses newly designed freight cars 
to transport containers and replaceable containers. To 
transport gencral and jyob-lot freight between Hamburg 
and Munich the railroad is operating twin-aale sliding 
door cars with freight securing. On the Bremen-Stutigart 
route the small parcel treight 1s transported in general 
freight containers which make house-to-house transter 
transport possible 

The new transport times of about nine hours for the 
roughly S(#)-kilometer long Hamburg-Munich route and 
the approximately cight hours tor the Bremen-Stuttgart 
run achieve times which need not tear being compared to 
truck performance. By gaining about two hours in com- 
bined treight transport (AL V) 11 1s possible with the most 
io have receiving and 
closing times tor treight after 2000 and delivery times 
before 0600 on these long routes. House-to-house trans- 
is reduced to less than 24 hours on the general 
Those are extremely competitive 
compared to freight 

recent change in the scheduk 


port tim 
yob-lot treight sector 
improvements tor the railroad as 
transport by road 

Another product 1s InterC argo. In the 1991-92 schedule 
year the railroad 1s offering under this name additional 
reight transport which are patterned after the 
connections. Marting 

services in? 
gualit, standards of the Intercits 

in June the improvements incluck 

¢ Reshaping the InterC argo offering mn respect to ship- 

ping in the Bremen harbor sector 

ndependent InterC argo link between 
Hambure ind Munich 

¢ Handling 24 Inter€ argo trains on the new Hannover- 

120 kph 

¢ Creating an 

WW Ut r7hvure rout 471th a maaan ry speed of 

By shiftine train formation from Bremen to Bremer- 
haven the rarlroad 1s also offering new direct connections 
from the mouth of the Weser River to Mannhemm 
Stuttgart. Wuerzburg. Nuernberg. and Munich. Together 
with mcreasing the speed to 120) kph users of this 
offering benetit from saving up to three hours 

In the case of the InterCargo trains which reach 120 kph 
on the new route. starting in June naturally only freight 

cars whose undercarriage 1s suited to high speeds may be 
used Pri 

were informed bw th 

tte trewht car operators and leasing companies 
Bundesbahn’s central office om 
Minden about the mecrease in speed for these fremht 
trains. Al pr loaded tank cars 
may only be used on fremght trains with a maximum speed 

nt tor reasons of satets 

cyt inp © lin kpn 

FBIS-WEL -91-137 
17 July 1991 

In combined freight transport the railroad 1s planning on 
another 20-percent increase in transport volume this 
year. Twenty percent 1s seen as being realistic. Thus. to 
support the change in the schedule the number of trains 
was increased by 6! to 485 KLV trains. Of these. 262 
trains are being used in international transport alone 

While transport by road 1s becoming noticeably more 
crowded and slow-moving. the railroad 1s now pushing 
very hard on speed. “The central office in Frankfurt says 
that in respect to the EC internal market the Bundesbahn 
with its 1991-92 schedule 1s making an important con- 
tribution to solving questions related to environmental 
and transport policy.” 

* Japan's Slow Approach to Europe Charted 
IWLLGEMEINE in German 6 Jun 91 p 15 

[Peter Odrich commentary: “Japan Discovers Europe” | 

[Text] Tokyo—For a long time Japan found it difficult to 
take the entity of the European Community seriously 
This becomes understandable only by taking into con- 
sideration the fact that for 300 yvears—until the middle 
of the 19th century—this island state had been com- 
pletely cut off from the rest of the world by its rulers 
From that penod ideas of national unity. that completels 
excluded even a partial renunciation of sovereignty. 
remained. It seemed inconceivable to Japanese officials 
entrepreneurs, and to most citizens that the citizens of a 
country, solely by their own decision, are allowed to live 
and work in another country. Therefore. the EC for a 
long time was dismissed as an unimportant. artificial 
entity. When toward the end of the 1980's the European 
inland market started to come closer. some Japanese 
especially entrepreneurs, were finally ready to face this 
phenomenon intellectually. But with the slogan of “For 
tress Europe” the EC at the same time started to take on 
forms that forced the Japanese into an opposing posi- 
tion. Then something happened in relations between the 
Far Eastern rsland empire and the EC that was all grist to 
the mills of original Japanese thinking: German reunifi 
cation—at least as Tokyo saw it—seemed to brush aside 
the entire Europe tuss. For a short time—to be expressed 
only in months—the finding generally gained acceptance 
that now, finally. the facts trrumphed over the fantasies 
in Europe. a united Greater Germany promises to 
become the dominant power to keep order 

In the beginning. numerous Japanese entreprencurs and 
politicians were all too ready to believe mn the end of the 
daydreams of a European Community. But then only a 
few months later tacts brought them back to the reality of 
the (European) tacts. First of all, the difficulties of 
integrating the new laender into the FRG: were substan- 
tially more serrous than it was considered possible in 
Japan. What mmitially was supposed to take little mor 
than a few months will extend over many vears. Japan 
cannot overlook that either—nor does nu do so. Too 
many Japanese entreprencurs went to castern Germany 

FBIS-WEL -91-137 

17 July 1991 GERMANY 27 

in the first flush of expe laons—and returned with a 
picture that was characterizecé more by difficulties than 
by the prospect of quick successes 

Secondly. « was the German attitude that surprised 
Japan. There was no mention at all about Greater 
Gsermany. Al the same tome the declaration in favor of 
Europe was repeated. even strengthened. in spite of all 
reunification efforts. Not until Germany's avowals of 
Europe afier reunification were the facts brought home 
to the Japanese. What seemed to be a European day- 
dream up ull now. all of a sudden was accepted as 
looming European reality. This rethinking process was 
supported not leasi by the efforts of other European 
countries, especially Switzerland and Sweden. to Jom the 

When EC President Delors was un Tokvo this May. the 
EC was taken seriously for the first time by Japanese 
officials and entrepreneurs. In thes respect the Delors 
visit represented a turning point in Japan's relations with 
the EC. The first reactions of the entreprencurs to the 
Delors visit are hard to miss: The Japanese companies 
will direct their European cflorts even more strongly 
toward the EC 

In retrospect, 1 1s of Course casy lo assume a grotesque 
misjudgment of the EC to the Japanese. But 1 must not 
be overlooked that the Europeans by no means are 
completely innocent with respect to the incorrect assess- 
ment. European officials and politecians for years have 
visited the Japanese capital. Basically. they hoped for 
investments. In domg so most of them are not even 
interested in their homeland but frequently only mm their 
region. be at North Rhine-Westphalia. Baden- 
Wuertiemberg. or parts of France. of Spain. or other 
European countnes. All of them talked only about the 
advantages of their region and rarely missed an oppor- 
tunity to speak negatively about other parts of the E¢ 

As a result the Japanese had concluded there could not 
be much to the EC. But the more pronounced a common 
European toreign trade policy has become lately. the 
more the Japanese recognized their mistake. How many 
Japanese cars per year will be permitted to be sold in 
Europe i the future and whether a “Japanese” car 
manutactured in Europe will be classified as a Japanese 
or European car will be determined by Brusscls—and 
not. for example. by North Rhine-Westphalia or Alsace- 
Lorraine or the Itahan Mezzogiorno 

Japanese foreign trade policy in the future will certains 
be strongly influenced by this surprisingly quick 
rethinking. For the first time there rs an alternative with 
respect to the United States—Europe. Morcover. for the 
matter-of-fact Japanese businessmen a hig European 
domestic market of 350 milhon people means far more 
than it does to some Europeans. But Europe should react 
to Japan's changed attitude. The petty horse trading 
about the car import quotas, and especially the recogni. 
thon of lapanese cars produced in Europe as “European 

cars. does tar more harm to devcloping closer relations 
between Japan and the EC than ut benefits some compa- 
nies in Europe 

* Japanese Slow To Invest in New Laender 

ndserman 14 Jun ¥l pp 134. 136 

[Mantred Fischer article “Double Mission” | 

[Text] The well might be there. but they have not vet 
dared to have confidence. In any case that 1s the impres- 
sion which Japanese companies Currently convey when- 
ever investments mn the new lacnder are at rssuc 

Frank .. Moeser, manager of JEP (Gsermany). Lid. mn 
Duesseldort, knows that “there os great mmterest.” As a 
consultant to Japanese companies he docs. of course 
receive Many inquirics aboul opportunitics for compa- 
nics in the new lacnder. but fear of the new country sll 
dominates. In addition to the unceriamt, there are 
mirasiructure problems which cause mvestors trom the 
other side of the globe to wart and see 

But this will soon be history. Sons. manufacturer of 
enieriainment clectronics. intends to dare to take a 
spectacular step toward the cast Sony strategists seem 
determined to shift large parts of ther European mar- 
keting center from Cologne to Berlin. Sony manager 
Rainer Wagner. who rs responsible for the proyect. 1s 
quite far along im his negotiations on Berlin 

There has been a notwceable increase om the interest of 
Japanese companies im investing in Grermany The FC 
internal market 1s improving sales opportunities for 
companies which are mght on the scene. In thers, thus far 
the Japanese have preferred the Britesh Isles as ther 
locus. Whereas mm 1989 the total of derect mvestment im 
the former FRG did pass the threshold of pust $1 bilhon 
$5 bilhon went to Great Briam. Te be sure. in the 
previous vear the Japanese investment balance sheet for 
Grermany showed just $400 million 

In the past most imvesiments ended up im holding 
companies, and were thus aimed at mvesting money 
There were only a few industrial commitments— 
primarily in clectroni technology. machine building 
and paper. Hoever. sence April of thes vear, the Ohuma 
Corp.. the Japanese machine tool giant. has had a 
S0-percent stake on the Herbert Walter Tool and 
Machine Building Co. Lid. mm Baden Wuertiemberg 
Currently Yamazaki Mazak. Lid. 1s venturing to take 
the step to castern Grermans. together with Ernst Haat 
Lid.. the western Geerman manutacturer of automobile 
accessones. The two proncers are om the process of 
establishing a marketing center for Japanese lathes in the 
vicinity of Leipzig. With the pont venture ¥ amazaki also 
intends to explore the marketing opportunities im 
Eastern Europe and the USSR 

This could become a model proyect: Business consultant 
Moeser reports that “many Japanese would venture to 

_ PBIS-WEL -91-137 
» GERMANY 17 July 1991 

aac inc sicp toward castern Gecrmany togcther aith a reconstruction aulhort, wit st ’ } 
mas —— . ; , , 
acs is rT pan . } mar . 7 rT anuta suring Fast m ent pearss n Ai na a ws tat 1] iow? wecsl 4 
~“mrae ™ os vr . . : 
er) $42 DWSINCSS Parinecr who is an CAPCTI in maticrs (scrman CNICTPTiscs 4 rding 1 A lgane CoecrTsi 
| Marikct and mentality worth hard cash Derg. Structural researcher at the Mur Miilule | 
: F oom rT) Rew ar > +? iruwst «) a. tha } 
~OnCT “. sscTal Manulacturing companies trom 
, . P . lapancs« COM SO IMhal Cecrmar musi sah : 
lanan ha maar ; . . : - —_ : ; ’ 
apa m ured into the new lacndc These include 
\ wn " Ir a h . oo mast tise -—-* 
; J : es printis nN 
4nuUurac lure > n ne AS The char cs of < a« "1 mart + ot << » 
° . 
+s SUMS ' Hartn ann \ { iscrman 4 n 
4 ; ». Lid are not had Biren Brew ‘ pert IncTs 
; _ -—*? 7 ; - . 
' Hascs ) mir in omura Research 

discussions mn Japan In part 

le . ‘ ’ 
ts. tad r vr ’ . 4 \ wv ’ le 

’ : h Arka | i> sand : nN Japar has Peer prepar g ; . mt« teas 
ry - ” ’ _ | rt rr a , , » ty | » | . 

; . Sid i sia ur ne iClLin machines Nn months “ith nftorn iT : sh rer wm oF ‘ " .<ea-re 

° ; j we 
, : 
(sermans T he Non ura NTOKCTAE ‘ i ne is Non ura 
. om at TS Research subsidiary distribute brochures whic Sut 

\ : ‘ ' sSeT l rad if nN In i's VOTKINg on a ; = ” 
os . .r ; ro rye : posed te ‘ minat< arstir ‘ if riaint ‘ 

: argc prorect together with the Japancs 
Maruben: Corp and the Finnish Neste-h conglom 

the . , The publication with tt Na ’ : | iT ratit 
af It r r r Gg ' Purld d r™ trorcum re tinery Nn P e ¢ : : 

Rostock tor mor thar IN y on Fastern (rermany provides a mut sites} SiS ru 

cCCONOMINC OUTIOOK and attests 1 ‘“ at? yur | ‘ ’ 

Even with these activities the Japanese continuc to lag between 6 and percent per rte ihe neat 1) years 
’ _ | . ’ "se? Dy ’ ‘ | . : -~* Py s) ™ 

far behind tt pportunities. The companies from the =" _ the region studied. In a gS quit 

bar Fast at irrently «ts “a ting unt the, are ma Clear for Nomura ‘ lakar y lar sree free look (wr 

position to Detter assess market devclopment—and until many 1s Decomung the center of industr peal fos 4 
msport and information flow more smoothl, Shon activities on Europe Thus. we must not an te +1 
(oda 1 lakenaka construction congh mecraic And the business yournal NIHON KEIZAI promises its 

., ‘thal things i take off om the fall or at the readers that “Germany 1s the b ness OF ' 
mwecginning of al vear In ther offices in Duesseldorf But tin S pressing tor niu . . 
Hambure Frankfurt and Berlon the constructor per 
sone Na heen Studying devclopment in the cast for ( amera manutacturer Niko ' nat waiting docs 
months without thus far being able to decide in favor of — 9t pay. The Japanese optics experts had then r 
Tee pT ' Pentacon Dresden itd Yor Hew nh Mandermanr 
who is caperienced in nstruction and wl iTS ago 
lr racr ft sSircnginen t? lanpanes nmitiative H rg saved Rolk arneras tron | \ ‘ ? rye ' 
H head of the Trust Ager plans to take a trip to them Mandermann wa i S 

| ‘ : | Nu cr , ‘> part ; t Pre Hye riun produ ‘ ad a! }. nis ‘ 

FBIS-WEL -91-137 
17 July 1991 

Wrap-l p of Current Albanian Refugee Situation 
1£ 1307103291 Rome ANSA in Enelish 
OSU GMT 13 Jul 91 

[Text] (ANSA) Rome, July |2—The Albanian refugee 
emergency in Vitaly seems to be over and Immigration 
Minister Margherita Boniver Friday confirmed July 20 
as the deadiine by which the would-be immigrants trom 
the tiny Balkan nation wall be sent back home if they 
have proved unable to regularize their position on this 
country under one category or another 

The following overview was given of the Albamian ref- 
ugee Situation to date 

There are 11.151 aspiring Albanian immigrants regis- 
tered with the offical Itahan employment office. and 
2.000 are enrolled in job training courses. Another 4.000 
have found work. even though many of these jobs arc 

ltaly has granted political refugee status to 645 of some 
18.000 Albanians whose requests for such status have so 
tar been studied 

In agreement with Albanian officials. Italy has expelled 
120 for disturbing law and order 

Intervor Minister Enzo Scott: Friday announced that the 
government has fulfilled its pledge to case the refugee 
pressure on the southern regions of Pugha and Basilicata 
and said that Albamian authorities had given Rome 
assurances that no reprisal measures would be taken 
against would-be immigrants who were repatnated In 
this context, he stressed Italy's all-out concern that 
human rights are respected 

Nevertheless, there are still Albanians setting off across 
the Adriatic in the hopes of finding a better life outside 
their homeland 

This morning an Italian coast guard patrol rescued 19 
Albamians adrift in two rafts some 15 miles off Italy's 
southern Adriatic coasthne. Thursday evening | 2 Alba- 
mans were picked up by a motoriaunch off the coast of 
(Mranto after they had refused rescuc by a Yugosiay 
cargoship. All 31 Albamians are currently aboard two 
military vessels docked at the port of Otranto awaiting 
orders for their repatriation. All of them were men and 
were said to be in good condition 

* D’Alema of PDS Interviewed on Party Prospects 

VIE SONYA VUnian EL ROPEO in Trahan CA-O8 Jun &! 
pp 12-15 

linterview with Massimo d'Alema. deputy secretary of 
the Democratic Party of the Left, PDS. by Daniele 
Prott:. place and date not given: “Dear Craxs, Let Us 
tL nity. Otherwise the DC [Christian Democratic Party} 
Will Crobble U's I p | 

[Text] Now that the results of the regronal Sicihan 

fwons } " heen filed mw A\ veer (f ‘7 itt iw, 14 , 


the administrative level are awarting the Andreott: gov- 
ernment. beginning with the fateful financial law for 
1992 which should become the springboard for entry 
into the European Common Market. There 1s no further 
talk of early clectrons in October, and at this point, aside 
trom C ossiga. the Socialrst congress at Barn 1s expected to 
receive the possible blows on the political scence. A 
penod of “reflection” 1s berg opened for the PSI [Itahan 
Socialist Party}. which must digest its first clectoral 
defeat un 15 vears. and for the PDS. which fell to 11.93 
percent mm Sicily. Thes ss how Massimo D'Alema. the 
Number Two of the PDS. explains the DC victory, the 
PSI slow-down, and the ex-Communists’ defeat 

[Prottr] The PDS got 11.9 percent mm Sicily. Is that 11.9 
percent not an clectoral blow, even leaving aside the past 
two difficult vears, the change of name. the competition 
of Rifondazrone [Communist Renewal], and the contu- 
sion over the symbols, not to speak of Orlando” 

[ID Alema] No. 1 1s not a blow. That fact is a point of 
departure. Problematic and unsatisfactory. but still a 
point of departure. Actually. with the Rifondazione we 
are where the PCI [Itahan Communist Party] was in 
1990. There was the split. but Rifondazione has not been 
devastating. Indeed. on the electoral level I think the 
phenomenon will end up being seen for what it 1s. Aside 
from the split. the PCT's electoral force mn 1990 (around 


23 percent) has not disintegrated 
[Prott:| How do you expla the DC success” 

[1 Alema] One explanation tor the DC success hes mn the 
leagues. Southern society 1s grouped around that great 
national torce—the guarantor of public cxipense— 
against the threat of the leagues. The DC 1s winning in 
the South for the same reason it 1s losing in the North 

[Prott:] That rs to say. the Sicihan DC electors did Boss: 
a tavor’ 

(1) Alema] They are the two aspects of the Italian crisis 
the leagues mn the North and the DC power system in the 
South. They are the two aspects of the same crisis 
situation of the national state. But there are also other 
reasons for the DC success. For example. the division of 
the left. All that ventursome campaign over presiden- 
tialism and that Socialist line which scems to count on 
institutional collapse. strengthens the DC. If the alterna- 
tive to the DC presents iself as contusion and an 
adventure, then a conservative reflex rs triggered, espe- 
cially among the people. What hes ahead for the DC’ A 
divided, brawling ieft and a PSI that stirs up contused 
plebiscitary campaigns. And so the DC presents itself as 
a torce for security from the viewpornt of public cxpen- 
ditures and institutional questions 

[Prott:| Despite C ossiga” 

11} Alema] ©)n the contrary. thanks to C ossiga. C ossiga s 
campaign strengthens the Dt 

Pr 't) 1 \ strange riryw ratwon 


[D’Alema] | do not beheve Cossiga harms the DC. I 
believe his Campaign rs diminishing in popularity. And 
the DC. with us prudent conduct. profits from 1. Not the 

[Prott:| After thes DC success in Sicily, do you agree with 
the forecast of a victory Dy the leagues im the new 
political cleclhons”’ 

[DD Alema] Election results are not decided beforehand 
We have entered into a great phase of activity. in politics 
and by the Itahan ciectorate. For cxampic. | consider 
that if there had not been the referendum. in all proba- 
bility the Socialists would have gone to 18 percent wn 
Sicily, and we to ¥ percent. In bref, one-third of the 
clectoratc 1s changing. and the probiem also concerns the 
leagucs. Bul Boss: made a big mistake in the referendum 
because he showed hrs truc colors. He 1s a reserve force 
for the dominant party burcaucracy. He 1s not a man to 
break with the system. He made an agreement with Cran 
and found a way to ect along with the DC. The position 
on the referendum was not wholly to hrs advantage. But 
aside trom Bossi's sensitivity. or lack of ut. Ww the 
prospects of power, there remain the real reasons of a 
protest against an unjust tax system. against the central 
ized and inctiicient state We. too. in the PDS have much 
to do to channe! these just protests mto a democratx 

[Prot] You wll tx going to the PSI COMETESs What do 
vou capect to hear at Barn’ 

[1D Aiema] Some serious thinking | hope there 1s a 
change of direction with respect to the political line the 
PSI has followed the last 10 vears. On the one hand. the 
policies of a power pact with the DC. and on the other 
of clectoral breakdown, thanks to an institutional col- 
lapse. have not been successful, That brings the Itahan 
left to disaster. and at thes pornt it 1s of no advantage 
even to the PSL Hence the problem of political change 

[Prott:| Has not C ran: already announced it in some way 
in Beirut. by mentioning Socialrst unity on the first place’ 

[1D Alema] Yes. but even that theme of Socialist unity 
Should be treed trom its propagandistic mmplications 
Just what 1s Socialrst unity today” Ideological supremacy 
of the PSL Socialrst leaders are sending thes message Wi 
are the heads of the lett. It sa clear clanm for ideological 
not political-programmat No progress 1s 
made that way The hestorical left 1s not enough to build 
an alternatiy« Another 
left. that 1s coming forward trom the ( atholi world and 
from civil society. seeks particularly an ethical change in 
politics. and ends up by not understanding. and indecd 


offering to govern the country 

reyecting. the watchword of socialist unity 

[Prott| \ 
Democratic power system However, others, even on the 
PDS. are talkine about an alternative withoul the PSI of 
cise they marntamn. he Lung: Mancon. that 

uu Speak of an alternative to the (€ hristian 


FBIS-WEL -91-137 
17 July 1991 

should choose between Crax: and Don Riboldi” And 
there are those who do not hide the possibility of an 
understanding with the DC against the PSI Can you 

{1 Alema] | emphasize: If the alternative ws to be a 
proposal to govern Italy. uo 1s quite cvident that u 
involves an agreement with the PSL That docs not mean 
thes 1s casy. or pust around the corner. Today the PDS has 
two probiems thal cannot be placed one over the other 
There a democrat opposition of the left m this 
country that should find its point of politcal coagula- 
tion. For the ummediate future the PDS has the probiem 
of becoming the force that cxupresses a new ieft that today 
son the opposition. And Mancon: 1s mght in thes sense 
when he recalls the role of Catholic dissent 

But if thes arca wishes to propose governing Italy —not 
within a month and not within 10) vears—it should take 
the socialrst question mto consideration. In terms of 
politecal battic, ask the PSI for a change of direction. Let 
us not forget that to build an alignment having the 
numbers to govern, both Orlando (thal is to say a 
(Catholic world that leaves the DC) and Cra: are needed 
And t should be time to think about one poant. Let us 
put an end to having a subordinate attitude toward 
anvone. Including Craxs. At bottom. even he 1s berng cut 
down to size 

[Protth] How” 

[1D Alema]! Crax: was the man tor one political scason 
He will continuc to be a leader. but without cultural and 
Strategic supremacy over the ieft For heaven's sake, the 
PDS has a thousand difficulties, but | am convinced we 
are the ones that are hatching the left of the future. The 
PSL. taced with the great PCT crises, had that potentiality 
a decade ago But ut wasted ut. because insicad of 
presenting itself with an ambitious policy for leadership 
of the alternative. t followed a medrocre policy. For lack 
of foresight. of cultural and strategic generosity We 
ourselves had to find thes solution. The PSI has lost an 
histor opportunity by throwing itself into the DC's 
power Too bad That does not mean the PSI 1s not an 
essential interlocutor. But | am not afraid of the PSI Wy 
too. have things to do 

[Prot] Like others om the PDS” 

11) Alema] 1 only say we must pul a stop to the PSI berng 
a gadfly to us. which for us 1s a form of subordination. I 
happened to me that | was regarded with suspicion 
merely because | met Crax: mm a camper in Rimins That 
isan infantile form of subordination 

[Prott:] Actually. you. who were the most antisocralrst of 
the PC1-PD)S. have become the man of PSI dialog 

11) Alema] But one must dialog. One must sce past the 
lines and programs Being subordinate has two aspects 
(ine 1s gorng to dialog with hat im hand. The other 1s 
being afrand to dialog We founded a new party especially 
to free ourselves of every rrsk of being subordinate 

FBIS-WEL -91-13° 
17 July 1991 

Mexican ‘Conflict’ Resolved: Soares To Attend 

L.D1607194191 Lishon Radio Renascenca 
in Portuguese to Europe 1800 GMT 16 Jul 91 

[Text] Presadent Mano Soares left for Mexico today to 
attend the Ibero-Amerncan summit. Al the airport he 
reiterated that there had been no misunderstanding with 
the prime minister. Maro Soares blamed the news of a 
conflict between Belem [presidential residence} and Sao 
Bento [prime minister's residence] on the newspapers 
and on television reports. He accused the media of being 
very imterested im reporting a misunderstanding. which 
in reality does not cxrst 

Now that the conflict, officially duc to diplomatic prob- 
lems with Madnd and with the summit organizers, has 
been resolved Portugal will be represented at the highest 
level on Guadalajara. Prime Minister Cavaco Silva 
leaves for the summit tomorrow 

The problem of the Portuguese speeches was also 
resolved. It has been agreed with Mexico that both the 
president and the prime minister will speak at the 
opening session 

Socialist Party Publishes New Manifesto 

in Portuguese 9 Jul 91 p 3 

|U nattnbuted report: “Socialsst Party Manifesto Draws 
Diveding Line With Social Democratic Party”) 

[Text] The PSP [Socialist Party] clection manifesto 
defines practices. pomnts out differences, and presents a 
candidate for leadership of the country: Jorge Sampaio 
It chooses as its “number-one enemy” the PSD [Social 
Democrat Party], a party whose conduct i critecizes 
from top to bottom, citing as an instance the prolifera- 
ton of “PSD henchmen and their gofathers ~~ In the 
document. which will be presented by Jorge Sampaio 
today and to which DIARIO DE NOTICIAS has had 
aceess, the Socialists draw a dividing line between “a 
genuine democracy and a debased democracy.” prom- 
ising “Openness. opportunity. greater mgor and respon- 
vibility. dialogue. and tolerance” 

The manifestu contains 45 pages, comprising 10 sections 
thai set out the past that the PSP helped to build and the 
future whech ot entends to reach, om key sentences such as 
“It was with the PSP that we met the challenge of 
democracy, achreved financial recovery. secured entry 
inte the EC. and attained constitutional stability, With 
the PSP we will meet the challenge of European burlding. 
build a supportive and creative Portugal, and accom. 
plosh sate change ~ 

It defines as a “great priority” the cultural battle, which 
“has as rts end and means mdividual freedom and the 
realivatron of humanist values.” Once in power, the PSP 
says that ot well “modernize teaching and learning con- 
dithons at schools, so as to prevent pupils with adverse 


home study conditions trom dropping oul. supporting 
and recerving them outside the umetabic ~ 

O - 
The document includes equal opportunitics for young 
peopic. workers. and farmers. backing a ecnuine national 
policy. There 1s talk of improving and protecting the 
environment on the basis of the principle of “sustamable 
development. namely. linking cconomn devclopment 
and environmental concerns ~ 

With respect to culture. the Socialrsts intend to effect “a 
radical change in the alarming state of cultural underde- 
velopment cxrsting with respect to the opportunities avail- 
able. cxrsting tramuing. or the avaslability of the media” 

The PSP accepts as a “national issue” the situation mm East 
Timor, and at the same time hacks “progress in Portugal's 
European integration.” stating that “European umon will 
be an arm to be pursucd without complexes or fears.” 

In the arca of employment. it intends to promote quality 
linked to vocational tramning. and end the “scandal” of 
workers who. while being wage carners. recenve “green 
vouchers” [“recibos verdes]. It also rntends to galvanize 
social consultation, secking to guarantee the “develop- 
ment of labor relations that will encourage productivity 
and the real confirmation of workers’ legitimate nmghts.~ 

Succeed in Lowering Inflation 

To succeed mn lowering inflation 1s an important national 
aim for the Socialists. They belreve that the process wall 
be possible through “a policy of active social consulta- 
tron that will make possible increased productivity and 
saving.” If 1 rs on power, the PSP says that 1 “wall act so 
as to coordinate mcomes policy with a policy of realrstic 
reduction of the public deficit un the mitial penod of 
deflanon and a monctary policy appropriate to the 
escudo’s entry mto European Monetary System's 
exchange rate mechanism — 

In the section “For a More Just Portugal. tor a Portugal 
for All Portuguese People.” the Socialists promise to 
provide an answer to the housing problem. guarantee 
fiscal fairness, and ensure the efficrency and harmoniza- 
tion of the health services (family doctors and consulta- 
tions on the same day) In addition, 1 states that i 1s 
possible to make social security an instrument of sol- 
darity (improve pensions and introduce a guaranteed 
mimmum moome), improve the lives of the aged. 
combat poverty and social exclusion, and secure a more 
accessible and efficient legal system 

Regional Elections in 1993 

At the end of the section, which sets out the PSP's main 
“ambitions” at the local government level and mm which 
it advocates regronalization. there 1s a pledge to take the 
necessary steps for the 1993 local clectrons to take place 
at the same tome as the first regronal clectrons 

The PSP says that it has “a government culture, political 
leaders, and technical personnel” tor cflective guidance 
of the national interest 

FBIS-WEL -91-19° 
3? SPAIN 17 Jabs 1991 

* Najerity Sees PSOF Funding Irregularities DIARIO) 16 One of every seven persons polled cstemates 

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>? Jun @ , relope (Cronzak pomec munnicr and PSOE [Snanrst 
Sociaiest Workers Party “cUTctar ecncrTa 
Articic Dy Juan ( arlos Tirado “IC P Rescarch-DIARI 
h Po -first paragraph mw DIARE) 16 ewtroductwr Madrnd—An IC P-Rescarch poll finds that $2! peroent 
| thos nict wed m™ KM P-Rescarch belecve that th 
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\ cw rT) w . 4 4 : « 
. . 
Even 28.3 percent of the PSOF’s constituency b , 3 percent to Felipe Gonzalez. Only $6 percent fault 
that the party s income rs ilicgall) oMained The Peop Alfonse Crucrra. « ‘% percent taut teu mn 
Party tollowse rs ore t havee vw Pu rivet hy that ’ is i, a aaa Tirwoerar ° <4 , hiva ny i. 
Socialssts are using ilicgal ways and means of obtarnons rederal ts  corvperaett 
moncy 736 percent of the PP Poopk s Pari 
\n ' ’ » | natitucn ‘ wT nit ’ : 
. . . : : {™ i 
interviewed responded that the PSO os heonge froma ' 
: , (nonss ’ ’ horloomenes m th party sa mnt. 
iegally. as did 67.8 percent of United Lett (Il land 44 6 ' 
7, ’ : r fusstl 1? part ‘ rhe eri ’ ar’ 
percent of Social and Democrate ( cnter i ula irs 
Th mMianoerst asthen tt? ‘ rw Now ial and Ih thu Tal 
As tf the responsibility tow the yy yf 4 ga tn" in ne / rix » | Vatitiuet ’ 4 th, ‘ta ry mimrater : “* . 


x peroent ascribe 7% » The part " oon >) ican aru sahil ; e thy rregulat ; " | ws " ‘ ; , hy ve parts vw it? 

FBIS-WEL 91-187 
17 July 1991 

27.1 percent bebeveng that Gonzalez  responwbie for 
the PSCE's olicgal frnanceng The majorsty among the PP 
voters also fault the prome menestcr. although mm lesser 
proportion 15.3 percent of those polled attribute the 
responsituints to the socsalest secretary general and 17! 
percent to the growp om charge of the party's cconoma 

In any case. the majorsty of Spamards have a ncgative 
opemon of the polutycal parves financeng methods $5 3 
percent of the persons polled bebeve that all partes are 
illegally frmanced and only 18.5 percent thenk that ther 
revenucs come from lawful sources. 15.3 peroent say that 
im party funding as om any other maticr. “there 1s a bit of 

How the Poll Was Taken 

Poll was managed and taken by ICP Research (INRA 
Spain) Environment Natromeide U niverse Population 
of both sexes 18 years of age and ower, reseding m any 
Spanish muncipality Suze SOO onterveews distributed 
proportionately with respect to population. by autono- 
mows commentsces Margen of crror Plus of minus 3 
percent for a sgneficance prohabilsty of 95.5 percent 
Sampling technique Mixed random selection of tele- 
phones and of rndiv nduals by sex and age quotas. Type of 
micrvicee Telephone Dates Gathering and processing 
of data 21-22 June 1991 

* Reportage on PSOE Funding Irregularities 
VIP SONYET Vadrid 180 om Spanih 28 Jun 9] 

»*) » 
pp 234 

| Artacte by Jose Clemente “Felope CGeonzalez and Alfonso 
(rwerra Keew of Spannh Socwlest Workers Party Par. 
alle! Financone Scheme] 

[Teat) The story goes hack to 197° when the Catalan 
leadersup of the Spannh Socialet Workers Party 
(PSOE) decoded te set up two firms mm C ataloma to rane 
funds for the Soacvalest orgamzation The financial oper. 
atom had a swift and drsastrous endeng a vear later when 
several suits were Drought agarnet the saed firms mm the 
cowrts of Barcelona on charges of embezziement and 

The forms emplcated om the “sflan” (CARYNSA and 
ADP S.A) leapanwons not given] were created by the 
PSC PSOE [Socutet Party of Cataloma-PSOE], and the 
management! powtonms were accupred hy various mil- 
tants of the ( atalan Socsalest orgamzatron These two 
firms one of them devoted to the buyeng and sctiing of 
vehectes. and the other to graphec arts and advertrwng. 
earned more that 20) melon pewtas. that went directly 
mite the PSO 's treasery Part of these funds were used 
© france the clecten of Narco Serra. the current 
deputy prime menmter to Barcefona’s city council 
According to the depowtron made to Barcoetona’s | ith 
( owrt of Prelemenary E xamenation on 10 February 1983 
hy the former Socvalest meltant who denounced the 
PSOE s financal scheme both firms were created by 


order of the scorctary of the PSOE Catalan Fodcrateon 
Jose Mana Trgincr. who, m March of 1979. convened 
prominent icaders of the party to ciplamn to them be 
“paralici financong plan ~ 

In thes depowtion the ertncss states “The soretary 
general of the PSOE Catalan Federation revealed to me 
that the party needed funds to fimance its activites and 
that « had been decoded to cvtabirsh + arrows Commerc! 
firms, whose profits would be weed for thes purpos ~ 

The Barcelona lawyer accepted the asuignment from hes 
party boss and ummecdiaich, formed the two companies 
that were to rane fends for the PSOE. ( atalan Foedera- 
thon muiltants Antomo Paredes Lucas and Santiago 
Quintana Moreno. deputy mayor of Santa Mara dec 
Barbera. were chosen to bead CARY NSA. The two 
Socsuaist beads of the firm sold vwehucies manly to 
mulstants of the party and to workers affihated with the 
UGT [General Umon of Workers]. charging them also 
for the tax on luxury goods 

The orregularies were discovered when the local tas 
office demanded payment of thes tax by some of the 
workers and by Ignacto Pujana, Socialist mayor of How. 
pitalct de Liobregat. Through these demands tor pay- 
ment of the tax, « was discovered that the CARY NSA 
managers had not been turning the tas collections over 
to the local tas office Asa result, charges of alleged fraud 
started to rain down on the heads of those mmvolved 

Also discovered was a pile of notes payabic totaling \) 
mulhon pesctas. meeed by CARY NSA. and collected 
through the imtermediation of a pris ate investment com- 
pany a subudiar of the Spanrsh-Amerncan Bank 

(ince the alleged fraud was discovered. the top leaders of 
the PSOE Catalan Federation held several meetings. one 
of them mm a well-inown restaurant om Barcelona, to try 
to resolve the conflict without damaging the party's 
mage. masmuch as there was little tome left betore the 
mutecipal clectioms that eventuall) won for Serra a scat 
on Barcetona’s city counci 

Leandro Cerda. prewdent of the ( atalan PSOE. Juan 
Ravenios, secretary of the Federatron. Jose Mana Trg 
mer, Rodolfo Guerra. and Eduardo Martin Toval 
spokewman for the Socialnst Parhamentary Crrowp. all 
attended the dinner given at the “Cesar Aveusto” ree 
taurant “to decede what showld be done hecauw the 
truth of the matter was that Santiage erntana had 
seindicd the private investment company with talsfied 
Grafts, had charged the car buvers for the tas on bewery 
goods. and had then pocketed the total amount recenved 
Moreover, senwng that the scandal «as ahout to freak 
he had fled to Veneructa © 

According to the depowtion made to the court. the 
Rarcetona lawyer had t.commended that these actions 
be reported in order to mitigate powslle comsequences 
but “Mr Raventos. Marten Toval. and Radotfo Crwerra 
felt they should not he reported so as to avond a wandal 
on the eve of the munecupal clectrom ~ 


To resolve the profiem. Raventos gave a subviantial 
amount of mone: to Ratacl Gcrro lrquectda. wcretary of 
finance of the LT. so that he could pay the private 
mvcsiment companys 

In June of 1983. BRaroctona’s | ith C oert of Prohemenars 
Examination concluded its imvesiegatioms. and Judgc 
Humterio Guadalupe tried the two emplxated mm the 
alicged ( ARV NSA fraud case on the charge of ember. 
viement of over one mulhbon peoctas. Antonw Poredes 
Lucas, one of thow omplxated m the sandal was 
released on hail. and the magrstirate ordered the pursunt 
and capture of the deputy mavor of Santa Mana dc 

Craphw (Arts 

The graph arts and advertewing firm ADP SA. was 
retarned for some tome to handle the PSOE ( stalan 
Federatvon’s pubbocety Sence thes firm's bids were gener- 
ally much better than thow of the competition, n. Ihe 
CARY NSA. was weed by varnous Soceaieast enone It was 
also used to rare funds for the parts 

ADP SA's oneratron ended when one fine dav. on 17 
March 1982). exthouwt prior warneng. some fifty workers 
Comprising its staf! fownd a locked-up firm and notice of 
dumewsal. The ADP S.A. conflet reached the Labor 
Relations ( ourts and the PSOE was compelicd to die 
burse a comsderatlic sum of moneys to Compensatc those 
who had heen aflected It has also been learned that 
Leopoldo Torres. the adminrstratron’s present atiorncs 
general acted as labor's attorneys om the handling of the 
proceedings that were enstituted agarmst one of the forms 
mvolved on the Socsalest paralic! frnanceng scheme 

Carlos C'hregon. a Barcelona attorneys. recenved many 
anonymous threats. ewhech he ompleed. came from PMO 
militants or from persons close to the culprits It wo 
happens that the ((+T participated om the alleged oper 
atoms. fully cogmizant of the frnanceng scheme that had 
been created. and helped the Socialrst officials to resolve 
the conflicts and comtrontations with those emplicated on 
the car swrndics 

Surprise has been generated mm podecsal corcles fy he 
actions of the ( atalan Socialists, who apparently toed to 
reap major benectits at the capense of then oan members 
and sympathizers 

\ arvous letters sent to the leaders of the Sociale Party 
hy f)hregon have come to heht amome the documents 
relatong to thes network of firms These may reveal what 
the leaders actually knew concermeng the “paralict 
frmancing s hern 

{one of those letters says that “a cog of thes letter har 
heen sent to Alfonse Crwerra elope Cronzales. Valenton 
Anton, and the PSO} C ommuittice on the Resolution of 
( onflots 

BIS WEL 91-1 
17 July 1991 

In another letter. dated 23 July 1982. Carlos (lbregon 
tells Ravenios that “a repeated cfiort « herng made to 
mmpixatc us on dctamaton mancuscring «ithow! ictup 
knowing thal thes represents a squandcring of moncy | 
also represents unncoessary discrediting of our having 
acted mm good fanh. hy poopie who happen te belong to 
the PSOE 

Further on. ot adds “lt hard to undersiand how priv atc 
forms can be created through & hich peopic arc se rndicd 
he CARY NSA. and that casts can fe fived when the 
courts of pustue are shout to mvoke cocroinec procedurcs 
ithe caw of Tecnecas de Imprcseon SA} amd the 
reputation of persons who ecre used as swroems to heck 
the real culprits has been vrolated and tarnished 

Lastly. Obregon reminds Raventos that “I always 
beheved that the Sociainsts were another maticr Yow 
showed me. to a sachening cvient how to throw stones 
and hide one's hand. how to take ad\ antage of another + 
good faith to reach shametul ofyectives. regardless of 
cost or damage done ~ The lawver concludes. “1 ask vou 
once again to arrange tor my withdraeal trom 
CARY NSA and from Tecnicas de Impreson, S.A. both 
herng property of the Socalet Party. and trom both of 
whech | have reoened only humilsations as pest pay ment 
for my Soculest sdeologecal ingenenty | am gratctul to 
vou for having opened my eves 

Last week, the Catalan Associatron Against Inpestice and 
( orruption, beaded Mh Carlos (yregon, tied a com 
plant against those responublc for the “Pilesa € am 
specifically agarnst Jose Maria Sala. the scoretary of the 
PSC organization. Eduardo Marten Toval, spokesman 
tor the Socwuha Parhamentary Crroup. Carlos Navarro 
head of the (: aps frmances. and even agarnst (run! 
ermo Caleote, the PSOE's proncepal financial coord) 

Photo € aptrons 

i 4 «gy om a letter trom ( reopen to Raventios om whaich 
(hregon states that he has sent copies to Cronzales and 
(euctra. among others 

> Letter m whech Alonso Sarmiento. who was replaced 
by Craloote as the PSOE 's secretary for finance. entornms 
Navarro of Obregon 's complaints 

+ Letter m which former Scoretary tor Finance Emoto 
Vlenso Sarmiento enforms Obregon that he ms aware of 
the CARY NSA and ADP “messes 

4 Letter m whech the present attornces general of thy 
natronal goverament notifics Clregon of the Supreme 
( owrt’s decmmon eth respect to one of the terns 
mvoled im the scheme 

S Cop of the rocesupt wgned fy Navarro om whch he 
acknow ledgers having recenved a set of keys to the offrcs 
of Tome Eaport 

FBIS-WEL 91.137 
17 Joly 1991 

Incendiary Device Damages Turkish Embassy 
1 D140 16189! Bern Sauces Rads Intemnatn ma: 
, ; nen iswaWw7 id Sai v/ 

[Text] Pohoe m the Swe federal capmal. Bern. ay 
Kurdish demonstrators from Turkey threes an moen- 
diary device into the entry hall of the Turkish Embassy 
during a scoond day of protest at the mission 

The poloe sand part of the embassy 's reception arca was 
damaged by fire, and damage also occurred to the main 
door of the burkding and several windows 

The polwe detamed |) of the estimated $0 protestors In 
another modent polwe detaincd one man when a 
Turkish Embassy emplovee was molested om Bern city 


()n Saturday police used tear gas to disperse a group of 
demonstraiors protesting outude the embassy against 
what they sand was Turkish Government repression of 
the cowntrs 's Kurdish moinority 


Sones wer thrown al the crm hassy Muthiing and armiage 

ous aie cousecd wo the Turkesh ( onsulate wm Jurech 

during a semular protest there 

Geverament Denies Iraqi Fresca Assets Released | 
1 DIG" 218291 Bere Sans Rado Internationa | 

nine 7" Vmaw) in JF , 

[Text] Sevveriand has demed a statement by lrag 
alicging «t has allowed Baghdad to use funds froven m 
Serss hanks Irag sand Senvcrland had authored hanks 
te release Irag’s troven asects and that $7) mudhon had 
alread, returned to Baghdad Hoacrver a 
spokesman tor the federal goxcrament on Berne sand 
Iraq's Matement was without foundation He wad Sen 
retiand had imposed sanctions on Irag m lnc with 
United Nathoms resolutions 


The UN Sanctroms Commuittce decuded m Mav to allow 
the release of $1 OK) millon of lrag: funds frozen abroad 
but only to permet frag to bus toad and medicme 


Six (CPbservers To Jou FC leam fer SPRY 


"Impact of light Defense Buedgect Outhned 


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Joint U.S. Plans To Exploit Aegean Denied 

VC 1607131991 Athens Ellinihi Radhiotonia Radi 
Nerwork on Greek 1130 GMT 16 Jul 9) 

[Text] In response to a reporter's question on whether 
the rssue of yornt exploitation of the Aegean will be raised 
during the talks between Greece and the Unnted States. 
government spokesman Viron Polidhoras said that ne1- 
ther side ever rarsed this topic, and such an issue will not 
arise. Polidhoras also said that he knows nothing about 
any discussion on this topic and added that this kind of 
joint action 1s not considered probable. 

Attack Against Turkish Diplomats Denounced 

VC 1607130191 Athens Ellinithi Radhiotonia Radiw 
Network in Greek 11320GM7 16 Jul 9] 

[Text] ‘¢ Gsreek Government issued a statement a short 
lume ago .n which nt denounced strongly and unequivo- 
cally tod» s abhorrent terrorist act against the Turkish 
vuiploma’ . employees and expressed its revulsion over 
‘ve incident. The statement added: We want to believe 
that such a criminal act wall not disturb the efforts being 
mac tor the substantive improvement of relations 
between Greece and Turkey 

The statement concludes: The Greek Government 
which ts well known for its struggle against terrorism, 1s 
making every effort to protect foreign diplomatic 
employees in our country and to find and punish the 
culprits responsible tor thrs criminal act 

17 Nov Claims Responsibility 
NVC 160 °211591 Athens Eiliniha Radhiotonia Radio 
Ni rw rh iii (sreck 00 ty vi 1 Jul wv) 

[Text] The 17 November terrorist organization sent a 
leaflet to the ELEVTHEROTIPIA newspaper this 
evening claiming responsibility for this morning's bomb 
attack in which three Turkish diplomats were myured 
An anonymous caller informed the paper where the 
envelope containing the leaflet could be found 

Papandreow Reportedly Involved in Bank Scandal 

Vc J 080797 Athens ATHENS NEWS on Enelish 
lt Jy 4] y’ 7 

[Excerpts] The Bank of Crete embezziement scandal trial 
was resumed vesterday at the High Court after repeated 
postponements duc to the abstention of defense councels 
participating in the dispute of the Athens Bar Associa- 
tion and the government 

FBIS-WEL -91-137 
17 July 1991 

Yeoryios Koskotas. the former owner of the Bank of 
Crete, extradited from the US last month, continued his 
testimony for more than five hours, with revelations and 
accusations against former premier Andreas Papan- 

Koskotas said that former Prime Minister Papandeou 
and Justice Minister in the Panhellenic Socialist Move- 
ment [PASOK] government Agamemnon Koutsoyior- 
gas—who died of a stroke in May—knew of the existence 
of the deficits of the Bank of Crete as well as the causes 
that created them. Koutsoyiorgas by orders of Papan- 
dreou coordinated the legislation that would safeguard 
Koskotas against incrimination for embezzlement 
charges, the former banker said 

Koskotas clamed that about nine million dollars was 
deposited in various accounts in London and Brussels 
banks. He also said that PASOK had set up various 
companies with Greek and foreign businessmen for the 
sale of armaments. The commussion was paid to special 
accounts im several banks. and the amount of moncy 
deposited in the accounts, he said 

Koskotas, continuing his testimony. said that he regu- 
larly paid Ycoryios Louvaris sums of money and it was 
Louvaris who received the sum of 90 milhon drachmas 
packed in a Pampers box 

He also said that he handed over all together the sum of 
S00 million drachmas to Koutsoyiorgas as commission 
from the Public Firms and Organizations deposit 
accounts in the Bank of Crete 

\ regular “contnbution” of one millon drachmas 
monthly was paid to the personal guards of Andreas 
Papandreou to turn a blind eve. [passage omitted] 

The PASOK press office in a press release said: The cvcle 
of the myths of the svcophany of the Greek political lite 
based on what the big scoundrel says has entered a new 
phase. In this filthy case everything has gone beyond 
lymits. The attempt to blame PASOK and tts President 
Andreas Papandreou for allegedly receiving iicgal 
money will not succeed. The result of this attempt will be 
the revelation of conspiracy. The supposed “signed 
note” by Papandreou which Koskotas produced in court, 
has nothing to do with the leader of PASOK and the 
fakeness of it 1s there for all to see 

FBIS-WEL -91-137 
17 July 1991 

Paper Details Foiled Plans To Kill Bush 

NC1707120391 Istanbul MILLIVET in Turkish 
16 Jul 91 p 10 

[Excerpt] (MILLIYET NEWS AGENCY} The opera- 
tion that the directorate of police's political department 
launched in Istanbul based on information provided by 
the National Intelligence Organization [NIO] has been 
broadened to cover several other provinces in Turkey. 
including Ankara and Izmir. The police killed 10 mil- 
tants and captured 12 others during the Istanbul opera- 
tion, and they discovered plans in the militants’ cell 
houses that, coupled with the revelations made by those 
arrested, have revealed that an attempt was planned to 
assassinate President Bush when he visited Ankara 

According to a high-ranking police officer, an illegal 
Organization also planned to assassinate two of the 
high-ranking U.S. security officials in Istanbul at the 
same time. It has been reported that the police discov- 
ered the statements that would have been sent to the 
newspapers after the assassination as well as the type- 
writers used to type them 

The police were amazed at the large amount of docu- 
ments and ammunition discovered in the eight cell 
houses the illegal organization used. The police began to 
study the documents after NIO and political police 
department bomb disposal experts and intelligence offi- 
cials cleared the cell houses of booby traps in an opera- 
tion which lasted 17 hours. The police department 
chemists have been asked to study the documents that 
the militants tried to burn 

The investigation thus far indicates that the illegal orga- 
nization’s members planned to kill President Bush either 
when he visited Ataturk’s Mausoleum in Ankara or when 
his car entered the main road as he left the mausoleum 
4 parked car was to be exploded by remote control as 
President Bush's car entered the main road. Plans were 
also made to kill the US. security expert and his assis- 
tant responsible for security during President Bush's 
Istanbul visit. The expert and his assistant were to take 
charge of security in Istanbul as soon as President Bush 
departed from Ankara. It has been reported that the 
three explosives, which had been hidden in the ground 
floor of the militants’ cell house in Istanbul's Nisantasi 
quarter, were strong enough to destroy President Bush's 
armored car, which will be brought to Turkey for the 
presidential visit. [passage omitted repeating details of 
operation, listing nares of those arrested] 

Bush Agenda Criticized, Called “Scandalous 

NC 1607184291 Istanbul HURRIYVET in Turkish 
12 Jul YI p 16 

[Aziz Utkan report: “Confusion Over the 15-Minute 
Bush-Yilmaz Meeting” ] 

[Text] Ankara, (HURRIYET}—The agenda for Presi- 
dent Bush's visit has created some confusion in Ankara. 
The Turkish Foreign Ministry 1s baffled by the draft 


agenda. which allocates 30 minutes for President Bush to 
meet with each of the opposition party leaders and only 
15 minutes for his talks with Prime Minister Yilmaz. 
This draft agenda has been descnbed as “scandalous.” 
Foreign Ministry Spokesman Murat Sungar said: “We 
do not believe the agenda has been finalized yet.” 

This statement conflicts with the agenda, later described 
as a “draft.” received from Washington. the problematic 
points of which follow: 

1. According to the draft agenda, President Bush will 
arrive at the prime minister's mansion on 20 July for his 
meeting with Prime Minister Yilmaz at 1405 and will 
leave at 1420. The only thing that can be done in that 
short an amount of time 1s picture taking. 

2. President Bush will meet Suleyman Demirel, leader of 
the True Path Party, at the Ciragan Palace at 1455 on 2! 
July for 30 minutes. President Bush will meet Erdal 
Inonu, leader of the Social Democratic Populist Party, at 
1530 for another 30-minute meeting. 

3. The draft agenda refers to the prime munister as 
Yildirim Akbulut. Erdal Inonu’s name was spelled incor- 
rectly: He 1s referred to as Endal Inonu. 

The Greek Factor 

4. Another discrepancy came to light when the draft 
agenda was compared with President Bush's agenda in 
Greece. According to the agenda received from the 
White House, President Bush will meet with Prime 
Minister Konstandinos Mitsotakis for three and a half 
hours. He will meet with Prime Minister Mesut Yilmaz 
for only 15 minutes 

Talks on the F-16 Project 

One of the most critical essues that will be discussed with 
President Bush in Ankara next week will be the question 
of the financing of the second stage of the F-16 project 
The project, worth $4.2 billion, provides for the manu- 
facture of an additional 160 F-16 fighters. The matter 
was raised by Turkey during the Gulf crisis 

Commentary Views Upcoming Bush Visit, Tactics 

VC 1607182291 Istanbul TURKIVE in Turkish 
13 Jul Vi pp iil 

[Commentary by Omer Ozturkmen: “Diyarbakir Inci- 
dents Are Connected With the Visit of Bush” ] 

[Text] The comcidence of the Diyarbakir incidents and 
LS. President George Bush's upcoming visit to Turkey 
draws one’s attention 

We would not be surprised if the CIA and other organi- 
zations under its control have undertaken subversive 
acts on the eve of the visit during which the Cyprus 
problem, a subject Turkey 1s very sensitive about, and 
the rapid deployment force. a subject Turkey ts very 
suspicious about, will be discussed 


The aim of these incidents may be to weaken Turkey and 
portray it as an unstable country during the course of 
these talks in the belief that they will thereby get the 
concessions they want 

The duty of the CIA and other foreign organizations 
linked {0 it 1s to see to it that the U_S. President emerges 
from these talks as successful as possible and to show 
that he has not come to Turkey in vain. They would also 
like to have him solve chronic problems that have 
dragged on for years 

We must carefully examine how the incidents in 
Diyarbakir started just one week before President Bush's 
visit to Turkey. In addition to finding the perpetrators of 
these acts, we would like to uncover the foreign organi- 
zations that arranged them. 

There 1s still one week to go before Bush's arrival. 
Finding a clue linking the United States to the incidents 
and being brave enough to announce it would be the best 
lesson we could give to Bush, who is coming here to 
extract concessions from us. We doubt, however, that 
any politician would show such courage. 

We might be able to get concessions from U.S. President 
Bush if we present him with a report on the bloody 
incidents that took place at the CIA‘s instigation and 
encouragement shortly after his arrival. 

Bush is coming to our country with the attitude that the 
Cyprus and deployment force problems have already been 
solved and that he is visiting Ankara out of protocol to 
merely sign an agreement. 

We would like to inform the honorable President that 
Turkey will not surrender that easily on issues sensitive 
for her. Turkey has to explain to Bush that it 1s not an 
easy morsel for him to swallow. We have to show him 
how sensitive we are, particularly on the Cyprus 
problem, territorial integrity and sovereignty, and that 
we are a people mad enough to consider waging war on 
these issues. 

We have to convey the fact that we will not bow to the 
plots of the CIA or to American dollars and that we will 
not compromise whatsoever on our national problems. 

Just as after the Johnson letter we conducted an inde- 
pendent foreign policy in spite of America’s wishes, we 
have to make Bush understand that we would be willing 
to say goodbye for a few years to Turkish-American 

Turkey will exist in this world even without America 

Mitsotakis’ Disarmament Proposal To Be Studied 

TA1707110491 Ankara Turkive Radyolari Network 
in Turkish 1000 GMT 17 Jul 199] 

[Text] Turkey has announced that it will exert contin- 
uous efforts to develop cooperation and fruntful relations 
based on mutual respect, equality of mghts, and security 

FBIS-WEL -91-137 
17 July 1991 

with all its nesghbors, including Greece. Turkey further 
declared that if the proposal made by Greek Prime 
Minister Konstandinos Mitsotakis on | 2 July is to serve 
this goal. it must display a comprehensive and multidi- 
mensional approach 

In his weekly news conference today, Foreign Ministry 
spokesman Murat Sungar made a statement concerning 
Mitsotakis’ proposal. which he claims 1s aimed at 
Strengthening regional peace. security, and cooperation. 
and at eliminating the sources of tension 

Stressing that the importance Turkey attaches to regional 
peace and stability as well as to any dialogue aimed at 
achieving this goal 1s well known, Sungar noted that the 
Greek prime minister's proposal will be studied from all 
aspects. Sungar said that it 1s beneficial at this stage to 
bring certain matters to everyone's attention. He added: 
One of these matters 1s the fact that the Turkish and 
Greek units mentioned in the Greek proposal are 
deployed for purposes of common security and in accor- 
dance with plans drawn up by NATO—of which Greece 
too 1s a member—and, like the Bulgarian units, these 
units are subject to the rules of the recently concluded 
CFE agreement. Therefore, 11 1s difficult to say that the 
Turkish, Greek, and Bulgarian units in the region would 
have a negative effect on the establishment of an atmo- 
sphere of trust among our countries. 

Sungar remarked that one of the basic issues affecting the 
establishment and consolidation of an atmosphere of 
trust between Turkey and Greece consists of the failure 
to transform the Aegean into a sea of peace and cooper- 
ation between the two countries, despite all efforts on the 
part of Turkey. The spokesman pointed out that 
Greece's moves to militarize the eastern Aegean islands 
in violation of its international commitments is one of 
the major reasons for this state of affairs and constitutes 
an important issue with regard to efforts aimed at 
securing mutual trust in the region 

Sungar sa:d that Greek (’comphance) with its interna- 
tional commitments in this field will make it easier to 
assess Mitsotakis’ proposal within a more solid and 
comprehensive framework. Sungar added that this 
would render Greek initiatives more substantial and 

Kurdish Paper Issues Warning on Foreign Troops 

VC 1607143891 Bonn BERXNWEDAN in Turkish 
30 Jun 91 pp 1, 12-13 

[Unattributed commentary entitled: “The Plan Hatched 
by the Imperalists Aims To Defend the Collapsing 
Turkish Republic, Not the Kurds] 

[Excerpts] Important developments have taken place in 
Kurdistan and Turkey im the last few days. [passage 

The most important development was the work carned 
out by the United States and its imperialist allies in 

FBIS-WEL -91-137 
17 July 1991 

deploying a special team in Silop: in northwestern Kur- 
distan under the pretext of “defending the Kurds.” 
[passage omitted] 

Anyone wishing to station forces in Kurdistan for any 
reason whatsoever should disregard Turkey's stance on 
the operation and pay attention to what the PKK 
[Workers Party of Kurdistan] and the ARGK [People's 
Liberation Army of Kurdistan] say about the plans. We 
Say this because the colonialist authority of the Turkish 
Republic 1s disintegrating in northwestern Kurdistan at 
the same time as the national liberation authority. rep- 
resented by the PKK. the ERNK [National Liberation 
Front of Kurdistan} and the ARGK. 1s gradually gaining 
ground and strength. If the PKK brings its authority and 
weight into play, it will not be easy for any force to stay 
in the region. Any military force in Botan or in any other 
part of Kurdistan would be entering an area directly 
under the control of our people's liberation army. the 
ARGK. The fact that any force in the area would be in 
danger of a confrontation with the ARGK 1s something 
that the authors of the plan should understand and 
consider. It would be a mayor mistake to assume that our 
people—who are waging an unprecedented fight to oust 
the fascist Turkish colomalism with its military and 
civilian institutions from Kurdistan, and shedding a lot 
of their own blood in the process—would be mere 
onlookers to the roaming of the imperialist teams on our 
own land 

In analyzing the imperialists’ real intentions in sta- 
toning their teams in the north some other factors 
should also be mentioned. One point in particular must 
be stressed: The US. imperialists’ claim about the “pro- 
tecting the Kurds” and the West's accompanying uproar 
and propaganda on the issue are nothing but an enor- 
mous deception. Would a power that intends to protect 
the Kurds against further genocide by Saddam Husayn 
have given him the green light to implement such a 
policy only a few months ago” The US. mmperialssts did 
not mstigate the Kurdish uprising only to stop their 
attacks against Saddam at a time when he could have 
carned out a policy of genocide against the Kurds 
without a reason. The U.S. was pursuing very clandes- 
tine objectives. It had unjustifiably entered the Middle 
East and started a bloody war, which generated world- 
wide condemnation and exposed the face of its aggres- 
sive imperialism. The world public saw this naked US 
aggression as a threat against mankind. However, with 
Saddam's attack on southern Kurdistan, the filthy face 
and the US. aggression faded behind Saddam's plan of 
genocide. This 1s how the United States was able to make 
the world to forget its deeds, t deflected the critecrsms to 
Saddam. Unfortunately, some dimwitted quasi- 
progressives and democrats, who always fall for the 
imperialist propaganda, contributed to the mumperialrst 

The U.S. impenalists, therefore, not only managed to 
hide their aggression but also transformed themselves 
into angels of goodness by rushing to help the Kurds 
[passage omitted] 


4 month before the claims of “protecting the Kurds” was 
im the air, the NATO defense ministers, at their spring 
meeting in the Belgian capital of Brussels, discussed 
establishing a “rapid sinmke force” within the NATO 
structure. Eventually, they decided to sect up a multina- 
tional “Rapid Deployment Force” “for timely imterven- 
won in case of any sudden development that threatens 
the stability of NATO countnes.” 

Undoubtedly. the force was to be stationed in the region 
where the threat was the greatest and because the greatest 
threat comes from the Kurdish revolution, the NATO 
force was deployed to Kurdistan. [passage omitted] 

In short, various facturs, the most umportant being the 
Kurdish people's struggic for independence, have shaken 
the Turkish Republic to such an extent that 1 can no 
longer stand independently. Yet. thes “sick man” has to 
be kept alive for the interest of the imperialists. Thus, the 
plans being developed by the United States and is 
imperialist allies under the pretext of “defending the 
Kurds” do not arm to defend or brace the Kurds, but to 
help the collapsing Turkish Republic. [passage omitted] 

Bosnia-Herzegovina Leader on Ethnic Strife 

141607180091 Ankara ANATOLIA in Turkish 
ISSSGsMT 16 Jul 9! 

[Text] Ankara (AA}—Pornting out that the present situ- 
ation in Yugoslavia 1s the result of tension among ethnic 
groups, Alya Izetbegovic, president of Yugoslavia’s 
Republic of Bosmia-Herzegov ina. said that this tension 
had been being forcibly suppressed under the communist 

Speaking with an ANATOLIA correspondent in Ankara, 
Izethegovic added) Those who rarsed nationalist rssues 
and complained openly during that regime were 
detained and lost the: jobs. Various ways and means 
were used to suppress these difficulties. All these prob- 
lems have come out into the open 

The visiting president noted that ethnic tension exrsts in 
Yugoslavia particularly among Serbs, Croats, and Alba- 
mans. He added that the fact tha: the Serbs are most 
influential in the country's admunistration has prevented 
the federation. which should be based on equality, from 
functioning efficiently 

Pointing out that trust has disappeared among certain 
groups forming the federation, Izetbegovic warned that 
the breakup of the federation would result im uncertain- 
tes, umbalances, and even civil war 

Claiming that some wish to disrupt and divide Bosma- 
Herzegovina. he warned that such a development would 
certainly mean civil war We want the imternational 
community to understand well that such a development 
would certainly mean a civil war, he added 

He said that the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina wanted 
to preserve Yugoslavia’s unity He continued: The con- 
ditions necessary for all the republics to live within 


Yugoslavia must be created. We are mmsrsteng on this 
point Probiems can be solved forcibly or peacefully. We 
prefer peaceful means 

(in hes contacts mm Turkey. the president recalled that 
agreement had been reached on a loan from the Turkish 
Exrm [Export-Import; bank. although the amount had 
not yet been fixed. and a desire had been cupressed to 
open a Turkish consulate im Sarayevo. Work on this 
subject will be carreed out by the foreign ministries of the 
two countnes. He concluded by saying that he had 
briefed Turkish officials during hrs talks on the srtuation 
m Yugoslavia 

Ivetbegovic Briefs Ozal 

141607185991 Ankara TRI Televison Network 
m Turkioch PPOOGMT 16 Jal 9] 

[Text] Oval. currently on Marmaris for his summer work, 
received today Alya Izetbegovic. president of Yugosia- 
via’s Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Presidential 
spokesman Ambassador Kaya Topern made the fol- 
lowing statement on the vrsit 

During the talks, held on a very fnendly and constructive 
atmosphere, Bosnia-Herzegovina’s President Izetbe- 
govec breted Presedent Oval on recent developments in 
Yugoslavia Stressing Turkey's regronal smportance, the 
visiting president sand that it constitutes a model for 
them During the vesit, on which it was decoded to further 
relatrons between the two countries. the visiting presi- 
dent invited our president to visit Bosmia-Herzegovina 

Following his talks with Oval, Izethbegovic went to Istan- 
bul. In a statement at hes arrival at the Ataturk Arrport, 
the visiting president sand that his contacts in Turkey 
had been extremely positive and beneficial 

Notes ‘Territorial lategrity 

LDI-OCOSI99! Belerade TANIUG in Frnelish 
ISS GMT 16 Jul 91 

[Text] Ankara, July 16 (TANJUG)—President of the 
Presidency of the Yugoslav Republic of Bosnia- 
Hercegovina Alya lvetbegovic said in Ankara today that 
he had explained to Turkish officials that the “ethnic 
map of Bosma-Hercegovina was so complicated that i 
was impossible to put up any boundaries other than 
those cxrsting al present” 

Today. the third day of hes official vest to Turkey, 
Ivethbegovic conferred with Turkish Pressdent Turgut 
()val on internatronal topecs and the Yugoslav crvsis. 
specifically the position of Bosmia-Hercegovina 

In hes statement to TANJUG., Ivethegovec sard that all 
nations in mult: ethan Bosma-Hercegovina-Musiims, 

FBIS-WEL -91-137 
17 July 1991 

Serbs and (Croats-would lose with a division of the 
republic He repeated the warning that the impiementa- 
ton of a concept of dividing the central Yugoslav 
republic would result mn civil war in which everybody 
would fight everybody else”. [quotation mark as 

Croatian Presadent Franyo Tudyman said in an interview 
to THE TIMES last week that a “division of Bosma- 
Hercegovina would be the best way to resolve the Y ugo- 
slay crises”. on which port he was im agreement with 
Sertian President Slobodan Miloses x 

Izetbegovic’s talks with Turkrsh officials brought to light 
full support for the “territoral integrity of Yugoslavia™ 
and the “internal boundaries” between the carting 

Izetbegovic ends the visit to Turkey today 

The Turkish side promised to acquaint US. President 
George Bush. due in Turkey on July 20. and the confer- 
ence of Islamic countries, opening in Istanbul in carly 
August, with the Yugoslav criss and the situatemn mm 

Izetbegovic sand he had proposed that Turkey open a 
consular office in the republican capital Sarajyevo 

He stressed that the visit to Turkey and his forthcoming 
visits to other European countries and the United States 
were all armed at “interesting the international public on 
Yugoslavia and Bosnia-Hercegos ina and contributing to 
our sobering up” 

Anatolia Party Deputy From Samsun Resigns 
1416071 0391 Ankara TRI Televimon Network 
m Turkish 1600 GUT 16 Jul 9! 

[Text] Huseyin Ovalp. Anatoha Party's deputy from 
Samsun, has resigned from hes party With Ovalp’s 
resignation, only one Anatoha Party deputy remains at 
the Turkish Grand National Assembly 

DISK Members Acquitted: Closure \ vided 
141607164891 Ankara ANATOLIA im Turkih 
ISOS GMT 16 Jul 9! 

[Excerpt] Ankara (AA}—The Military Court of Appeals 
has acquitted all of those convected m the case of the 
Confederation of Revolutronary Worker U mons (DISK) 
and voided the decision to close the organization on the 
grounds that the legal basis for domg so has been 

The court acquitted the 272 defendants becauw Article 
141 of the Turkish Penal Code under which they had 
been convicted has since been Wfted with the new ante- 
terrorism law [passage omitted] 



S July 197