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Vol I No O10 16 January 1984 


Laternational Bidding on PRC Oil Projects Begins Al 
Oceanography Head Leaves tor Antarctic Venture A l 
SHLJLE JINGJL DAOBAD Views World Economy [2 Jan] Al 


Continued Reportage on Premier Zhao's U.S. Visit B 

Newsletter on Washington Activities 

Zhao Addresses San Franscisco Banquet 

Meets Consulate Officials, Students 

Comments on China's Reunification 

Toure Berkeley Campus 

Feted by California's Governor 

Meets Two U.S. Executives 

Receives Key to San Francisco 

Zhao on USSR, Kampuchea 

Comments on Sino-U.S. Trade 

Newsletter Reviews California Visit 

thao Arrives in New York 

Mayor Koch Hosts Luncheon 

Zhao Meets ATT Chairman 


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Further on DPRK Tripartite Talks Proposal 

RENMIN RIBAO Commentator [13 Jan] 

DPRK Embassy News Conference 

Beijing Radio Commentary 

International Committee's Support 
Japan's Nakasone Cited on PRC, Korea Issue 
Chinese in Japan Praise Deng Yingchao Speech 

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SRV Continues ‘Armed Provocations' Along Border 

Beijing Commentary Views SRV Cease-Fire Proposal 

Sihanouk Scores Heng Samrin Regime Celebration 

Sihanouk Departs DPRK for PRC 14 January 
Beijing Arrival 

Beijing Article on SRV-Controlled Kampuchea 

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Further on Visit of Pakistan's Industry Minister é | 
Meets Li Peng l 

XINHUA Interview F 
USSR Use of Napalm, Gas in Afghanistan Reported Pj 
1986 UN Afghan Refugee Relief Pact Signed 7, - 
Sri Lanka President, PRC Envoy at Factory Ceremony PF 2 


Coverage of Visit of UK Air Force Chief of Staff G 

Zhang Tingfa's Fete G 
Meets Yang Dezhi G 
Tours Xian G 

Leaves Zhejiang for Shanghai G 
Italian Merchant Marine Minister Visits G 
Meets Li Qing G 
Meets Li Peng G 

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Romanian Trade Delegation Arrives for Talks H 1 
Chen Muhua Fetes Group H 1 
Song Ping Meets GDR Foreign Trade Delegation H 1 
BAN YUE TAN Notes ‘Anxiety’ on Party Rectification K 1 
[No 23, 10 Dec] 
JLEFANCJUN BAO on Rectification, Correcting Errors K 2 
Deng Liqun on Propaganda Workers’ ‘Clear Head" K 3 
Commentator on Rural Science, Technology K 6 
Commentator Stresses Economic Results Over Speed kK 8 
XINHUA on 1983 Industrial Output Records . = 
Statistics of Major Industrial Goods Output K 10 
RENMIN RIBAO on Positive Education of Peasants K ll 
[13 Jan} 

Deng Yingchao at KMT Congress Anniversary Event iN 
Fang Yi Addresses Popular Science Congress x 
Leaders View Export Instruments Exhibit K 13 
Yang Shangkun, Yu Qiuli Address PLA Award Meeting K 
PLA Air Force Solves More Than 200 Practical Problems ~ 


Deng Yingchao Urges Kuomintang To Work for Unity Ui 



OW1S41511 Betting XINHUA in English 1445 GMT 14 Jan 8&4 

[Text] Beijing, January 14, (XistiVA) -- Bidding proposals opened here today for two oil 
projects worth 263.2 million U.s. dollars, according to the China National Technical 
Import Corporation (CNTIC). The projects are the deveiopment of the ddep oil strata 
at the Gaotaizi zone of China's largest oilfield, Daqing in northeast China, and the 
Wenliu project at the developing Zhongyuan oilfield in central China. The World Bank 
has provided China with the above-mentioned sum ‘n hard loans. Two agreements on the 
loans, which were signed in the first half of 1963, came into effect last September. 

Many of the 80 tenders from the United States, Japan, the United Kingdom, Canada, Singa- 
pore, France, the Federal Republic of Germany and Hong Kong represent world-renowned 
petroleum equipment manufacturers, such as Dresser Industries Inc. and Cooper’ Inc. 

in the United States. 

CNTIC said that China would use the money from the World Bank to buy four mobile drilling 
rigs, bop stacks, drilling equipment, motor vehicles, inspection tools, workovers, 
submersible oil pumps, formation testers and complete sets of equipment for two seismic 
teams. It is expected that the winning bids will be announced in about one month. 


OW140822 Beijing XINHUA in English 0744 GMT 14 Jan 84 

[Text] Beijing, January 14 (XINHUA) -- Luo Yuru, director of the State Bureau of 
Oceanography, left here today together with three experts to join an Argentine 
scientific expedition to Antarctica at the invitation of the Argentine Government. An 
official of the Chinese Embassy in Buenos Aires will also join the expedition, which is 
to leave Argentina by ship on January 19 for aone-month summer survey in Antarctica. 

Luo Yuru, who is also vice-chairman of the Chinese National Committee for Antarctic 
Research, will have talks with the Argentine Government on the two countries’ future 
cooperation in expeditions to Antarctica. He and his party will also visit some 
Argentine institutions of Antarctic research. Since 1982 sixteen Chinese scientists 
have joined Argentine expeditions to Antarctica, including Director Luo and his party. 
So tar 33 Chinese scientists have gone to Antarctica at the invitation of the 
Governments of Australia, New Zealand, Argentina, Chile and Japan. Eleven are there 
at present, including a woman. 


4WK130859 Shanghai SHIJIE JINGJI DAOBAO in Chinese 2 Jan 84 p 3 

‘Article by Huan Xiang, "Well-known Specialist on International Questions and Adviser 
to This Paper": "Recovery of World Economy Is Slow, Weak, and Unstable") 

[Text] The year 1983 saw a turn for the better in the world's economy: The most 
serious (longest in time and greatest in influence) economic crisis in the capitalist 
world since the end of World War II has come to an end, and the Western economy began 
to recover in spring 1983. 


towever, leve lopments in various countries were uneven, with the »-5. recovery being 
the quickest, followed by that in Japan and then by that in Western Europe. Since 
Andropey started economic reforms, the Soviet Union has in the main checked the 
declining tendency of the growth rate of its national economy. Industry and 
agriculture in East European countries have also grown to a certain extent. In the 
Third World, most Asian countries have raised their economic growth rates over the 
past year and have brought down inflation rates; but Latin American countries passed 
the year 1983 “under the most depressed condition in the last 50 years." African 
countries also generally met with serious economic difficulties. In addition, most 
Third World countries have been racked with heavy debts. 

As we enter 1984, the world economy is still confronted with many difficulties and 

lm the Western world, although cyclinal crisis factors have abated, noncyclical and 
structural v.actors still exist and will continue to hold back further recovery. It 
will etill take the Soviet Union a long time to effect its economic reform and it will 
hav’ to adept many resolute steps to achieve it. East European countries are faced 
wit: many problems that are not easy to solve. So, the Soviet and East European 
economies can hardly be expected to achieve major growth in 1983 [year as published]. 
Most Third World countries will continue to be harmed by the Western countries’ 
practice of shifting the economic crisis onto others and their policy of building 

up tariffs and trade barriers, so it will remain difficult for them to shake off 
economic difficulties. 

All this shows that the recovery of the world's economy in 1984 will be slow, weak, 
unstable, and uneven. 


Newsletter on Washington Activities 

HELSOBOG Me MIN RIBAO in Chinese 14 Jan 84 p 56 

“Newsletter ft: America” by Yuan Xianlu and Zhang Yunwen: “Broad Prospects for Devel- 
1 - tions’ 

lext Premier Zhao Ziyang completed his activities in the American capital at 1000 

the mornin, f | inuary, and ntinued his otticial visit to the United States by. 

leaving Washingt for San Francisco. 

Premier Zhao had a very busy schedule in the American capital. On 11 January, he went 
t ngress ¢ neet the leaders of the House and Senate; in his hote! he met Secretary 

etense Weinberger, Commerce Secretary Baldrige, and presidential science adviser 
Keyworth. He was also interviewed by tive major U.S. television stations, met the editor 
in chiet of the WASHINGTON POST, held a grand tarewell banquet, and also attended a 

icheon elven by the National Council for U.S.-China Trade and a dinner jointly given 
bv the China Society, Chinese-Americans of various circles, and the U.S.-China People's 
‘riendship Association. Onthe morning of the 12th, apart from attending a Cabinet 
breakfast in the White House, Premier Zhao also signed two agreements and said farewel| 
to President Reagan. In addition he also specially set aside time for an activity that 
had been cancelled by his hosts due to heavy snow -- a visit to the Sidwell Friends 
School. Premier “hao had very broad-ranging contacts with Americans inside and outside 
government during a period of 48 hours. 

The talks between Premier Zhao and President Reagan showed that China and the United 
States indeed have important points in common and also important differences. It was 
‘bvious that the differences between the two countries over the Taiwan issue were not 
resolved in these talks. A number of Americans concerned over Sino-U.S. relations told 
these correspondents that due to historical reasons and current U.S. political realities, 
it is still umrealistic to demand that the leaders of the two ccuntries immediately clear 
way this obstacle affecting the steady development of Sino-U.S. relations. However, it 
is necessary to see another aspect of the matter, that is, the tide of development of 
these relations is irresistible. A U.S. Government official held that it was extremely 
significant that the leaders of the two countries held friendly and frank talks on the 
icute and sensitive Taiwan issue, with each stating his position and understanding the 
viewpoint of the other, and directly exchanging views in this way. A person involved in 
U.S.-China friendship activities said that by clearly expounding the Chinese Government's 
position on the Taiwan issue to the American public through his talks with the media, 
such as the five television stations and the WASHINGTON POST, Premier Zhao would effec- 
tively stimulate the efforts of people inside and outside the U.S. Government to solve 
this difference between China and the United States. 

Before Premier Zhao left Washington, China and the United States signed an agreement on 
industrial technological cooperation and an agreement on scientific and technological 
cooperation. These two agreements symbolize "the new fruits" in Sino-U.S. ties "that 
need to be preserved and the new fields to be opened up," and show that “the prospects 
for Sime-.S. relations grow ever broader." The splendor of the lunch given by the 
National Council for U.S.-China Trade on 11 January expressed the tremendous interest of 
\(merican businessmen in developing economic cooperation with China. 


»peaking on the dramatic interest in the number of member companies of this organization 

in recent years, council chairman Surrey said humorously: "I want to tell you, Premier 
chao, we have been unable to find an effective way of controlling the population of this 
council.” At the lunch, Premier Zhao expounded on China's external economic policy, 

gave some explanations in view of certain misunderstandings, and also spoke frankly on a 
number of Chinese shortcomings and problems on this issue. Many American businessmen 
said that the Chinese leader's frank and sincere statements and truth-seeking approach 
had further strengthened their interest and confidence in carrying out economic 
exchanges with China. 

Premier Zhao said in one speech: "Since I came to America, I have personally seen that 
the American people have particularly friendly feelings toward the Chinese people." 
During his visit to Washington, one thing was unforgettable. When Premier Zhao gave 

a return party on 1l January, despite bitter cold and deep snow on the roads, which had 
not yet been cleared, and resulting in poor traffic conditions, the guests were unprece- 
dentedly enthusiastic. Quite a number of them had come by plane from elsewhere 
especially to attend the party. The big banquet room of the hotel was a sea of people, 
and at the end people had to wait more than half an hour to collect their hats and coats. 
An atmosphere of warm friendship pervaded the party. Premier Zhao said to the guests 
that this was the best-attended party given by China since the establishment of diplomat- 
ic relations between the two countries, and this showed that the friends of China were 
ever increasing in number. At the dinner given by the third group of the U.S.-China 
People's Friendship Association, Mrs Troy, chairman of the association, stressed in her 
warm and friendly speech the importance of developing friendship between the American 
and Chinese peoples. The warm welcome and affection shown to Premier Zhao when he 
visited the Sidwell Friends School vividly proves that Sino-U.S. friendship is already 
deep-rooted in the hearts of the next American generation. Viewing the future, the 
friendship between the peoples of the two countries will develop further. This is the 
inevitable trend of history. 

Zhao Addresses San Francisco Banquet 
OW131415 Beijing XINHUA Domestic Service in Chinese 0932 GMT 13 Jan 84 

[Text] San Francisco, 12 Jan (XINHUA) -- Premier Zhao Ziyang said here today that 

China and the United States, being two big powers, bear especially heavy responsibilities 
for the maintenance of stability and peace in the Pacific region. He said: "The 

Pacific region, like others in the world, is fraught with crises and latent troubles.” 

Premier Zhao made this remark at the dinner given in his honor in San Francisco by the 
World Affairs Council, the Commonwealth Club and the San Francisco-Shanghai Friendship 
City Committee. About 1,000 people attended the dinner. 

Premier Zhao said: Superpower rivalry in the Pacific region is intensifying. "The 
sovereignty and territorial integrity of some countries have been flagrantly infringed 
and trampled upon. Some countries are still kept in a state of artificial division. 

A growing number of warships are plying the waters of the Pacific Ocean, and more and 
more missiles have been deployed on its periphery.” 

He pointed out: "The dark clouds of war are still hovering over us. The maintenance of 
stability and peace in the Pacific region is an urgent task. China and the United 
States, being the big powers on the opposite sides of the ocean, undoubtedly bear 
especially heavy responsibilities." 


Premier Zhao emphatically pointed out. "China's stand is that the Pacific Ocean should 
become a truly great and pacific ocean. The various countries in the Pacific region 
should strictly observe the principles of mutual respect for each others’ territorial 
integrity and sovereignty, mutual nonaggression, noninterference in each other's 
internal attairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence. They should 
settle their disputes by peacetul means, without resorting to force or threats of 
torce. The arms race, and particularly the nuclear arms race, must be halted. Foreign 
military bases set up in other countries must be dismantled and foreign military forces 
stationed in other countries withdraw. Such acts as forcibly occupying the territories 
of other countries, infringing upon their sovereignty, and interfering in their 
internal affairs must be stopped. This is the only way to dispel the dark clouds over 
the Pacific Ocean, and avert crises and hidden troubles, so that the people in various 
countries may live in peace, engage in equitable and mutually beneficial cooperation, 
and build a happy life." 

Premier Zhao said: The American people also ardently cherish peace. They, too, hope 
that their peaceful life and achievements in construction will not be destroyed by war. 
He hoped that the American people will joint hands with the people of China and that the 
people in the Pacific region will join hands with the people of various countries in 

the world in the common endeavor to preserve peace in the Pacific region and in the 
world at large. 

Meets Consulate Officials, Students 

OW140809 Beijing XINHUA Domestic Service in Chinese 0901 GMT 13 Jan 84 

(Text | San Francisco, 12 Jan (XINHUA) -- This evening, Premier Zhao Ziyang went to the 
Chinese Consulate General in San Francisco where he met with staff members, workers, and 
representatives of other Chinese Government organizations in San Francisco as well as 
representatives of Chinese students. 

Premier Zhao encouraged them to work and study hard. He also informed them about the 
excellent situation on all fronts in China. He said that in recent years, China has 
rapidly developed its economy, and that by the year 2,000, China will achieve even 
greater development. The situation in China is stable, its policy is on the right 
track, and the country is hopeful. 

Those present were greatly encouraged by Premier Zhao's intimat2 and lively talk. 
Comments on China's Reunification 
OW131844 Beijing XINHUA Domestic Service in Chinese 0817 GMT 13 Jan 84 

{Text | San Francisco, 12 Jam (XINHUA) -- At a San Francisco meeting this afternoon with 
representatives of Overseas Chinese and Chinese nationals on the West Coast of the 
United States, Premier Zhao Ziyang pointed out that China's reunification and revitali- 
zation is the common aspiration of the whole Chinese nation, including the people of 
Taiwan and those living abroad. He called on Chinesenationals residing in the United 
States to make still greater contributions to the reunification of the motherland. 

Shortly after Premier Zhao's arrival in San Francisco after concluding his visit in 
Washington, over 300 representatives of West Coast Chinese communities heard his speech 
on China's reunification at the Fairmort Hotel where Premier Zhao is staying. After 
mentioning the hardship the Overseas Chinese in the United States had endured in crossing 
the vast ocean more than a century ago as well as their tremendous contribution» :o the 
development and construction of the United States, Zhao Ziyang said that he want: to 
take the opportunity to discuss China's reunification, an issue the people in San 
Francisco and Los Angeles and from Taiwan and Hong Kong are highly interested in. 


Zhao <lyvang said: "Por many years, people have always taken note of the differences 
between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party; as a matter of fact, there are also 
common points between the two parties. Is it not an important point common to the two 
sides that they both believe there is only one China? Moreover, China's peaceful 
reunification has come to be the common language for both the KMT and the Communist 

Party. We truly and wholeheartedly hope our motherland can be peacefully reunified.” 

"To achieve a peaceful reunification, there must be an appropriate way to do so. This 

is why we have proposed that talks [hui tan 2585 6151] be held between the KMT and the 
Communist Party for a third round of cooperation so that they can join in a common 
ettort to accomplish the great cause of national reunification, thus making contributions 
to the Chinese nation. The starting point of our policy is to respect history and 
reality, and take full account of the wishes of the people of various nationalities in 
faiwan and the interests of the Taiwan authorities. It will not be a case of the main- 
la d swallowing up Taiwan, nor vice versa." 

He said: “for this reason, we propose that, after our motherland has been reunified, 
Taiwan and the mainland shall both be part of the People's Republic of China and Taiwan 
can become a special administrative region [te bie xing zheng qu 3676 0446 5887 2398 
0575]. This means that Taiwan shall be fully independent to manage its own affairs [you 
zi ji de chong fen zi zhu quan 2589 5261 1569 4104 0339 0433 5261 0031 2938] and enjoy 
some exclusive powers that other provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions do 

not enjoy. laiwan can practice a system different from that on the mainland. It can 
have an independent judiciary, and there is no need to ask Beijing for final judgment 
Taiwan can aiso keep its own forces. The mainland will send no representatives to 
laiwan, neither troops nor administrative personnel. The party, government and military 
apparatus in lfaiwan will all be under the control of Taiwan itself. After reunification, 
there will be enduring cooperation, long-term coexistence, and mitual supervision 
between the CPC and the KMT. Members of the Taiwan authorities and public figures of 
various circles are also welcome to hold leading posts in political organizations at the 
national level and discuss state affairs together with us.” 

Zhao Zivyang said: "Economically, Taiwan, as a special administrative region, may have 
its own independent financial budget. The mainland will not collect any tax from or 
impose any levies of money on Taiwan; Taiwan may also maintain and develop its trade 
relations as well as exchanges and cooperation with foreign countries in the economic, 
technological and cultural fields. The combined economies and technologies of Taiwan 
and the mainland, plus the rich resources and huge market on the mainland, will enhance 
the prosperity on both sides of the strait, and the living standards of the people in 
Taiwan will improve even more rapidly." 

Zhao Zivang pointed out: "In short, Taiwan will have nothing to lose after reunifica- 
tion. On the contrary, it will gain honor and benefits as part of the great motherland." 

Zhao Zivang said: “These propositions of ours are permeated with the spirit of re- 
conciliation, and they are sensible and practical. What is your opinion? If you have 
any more suggestions, please feel free to state them. We are willing to hear them." 

He continued: "For a solution to the Taiwan issue, we place our hopes on the Taiwan 
authorities and the people in Taiwan, and also hope that Chinese nationals in all parts 
of the world will help promote the cuase of reunification. Chinese nationals in the 
tnited States are in an especially favorable position to do so. You have exerted 
valuable efforts in this regard. We also welcome vou to return to the mainland to look 
around and exchange opinions with us. We equally welcome those who hold views 
differing greatly fromours. The door of China is always open to all descendants of 
Huang Di." 


Regarding the domestic situation, Zhao Ziyang said: "People of all nationalities and 
ill strata at home are united, their life is stable and the political situation is 
steady. Law and democracy have been further strengthened. The growth of industrial 
and agricultural production is faster than expected. Internationally, thanks to our 
independent foreign policy, our international status has never been higher. We can 
say that the Chinese people have never been prouder and more elated as they are today. 
China certainly can be revitalized. The Divine Land [poetic name for China] wil] 
certainly shine with dazzling splendor in the world." 

Tours Berkeley Campus 
OW140738 Beijing XINHUA in English 0703 GMT 14 Jan 84 

[Text] San Francisco, January 13 (XINHUA) -- Chinese Premier Zhao Zivang said today he 
wished to see greater and more successful scholarly exchanges between the University of 
Calitornia, Berkeley and Chinese universities. While touring the prestigious university, 
Zhao thanked its chancellor and the faculty for their assistance to the Chinese scholars 
and students doing research or stuying here. 

Premier Zhao, accompanied by Foreign Minister Wu Xueqian, Deputy Secretary General of 

the State Council Chen Chu, and Chinese Ambassador Zhang Wenjin was warmly welcomed to 
the campus by Dr Roderic Park, chancellor; Dr Glenn Seaborg, director of the Lawrence 

Hall of Science; of the university. 

A gcoup of Chinese students and scholars greeted Zhao in the lobby of the Lawrence Hall. 
A small robot, bearing around its waist a paper strap inscribed with "Welcome Premier 
Zhao" in Chinese, said to the Chinese guests, “please follow me," in English. 

Founded in 1868, the University of California, Berkeley, has faculty of 1,600, including 
ll Nobel Prize winners, and 29,800 students in all. About 25 percent of the students are 
Asian ethnics, half of whom are Chinese. Chancellor Park told Zhao that his university 
was the first to establish scholarly exchanges with China and that since 1979 about 600 
Chinese students and scholars have come to study or do research in the university. 

Premier Zhao said, "I understand that these exchanges have been very fruitful. I wish 
you even greater achievements in this area." 

Zhao and his party were shown round the biology laboratory and physics laboratory of the 
Lawrence Hall of Science. The hall was established by the regents of the University of 
California in 1958 as a memorial to Earnest Orlando Lawrence, developer of the first in 
the world cyclotron and the university's first Nobel laureate. In the amphitmeater 
room of the hall, the Chinese visitors watched displays of plant genetics and biological 
control in agricultural production as part of the university's research work. 

At the end of the one-hour tour, Dr Seaborg, the first to sponsor the university's 
scholarly exchanges withChina, presented some children's science toys as gifts to 
Premier Zhao's three grand kids, saying, "As a grandfather of two grandsons, I present 
these toys to the grandchildren of another grandfather." Accepting the gifts, Zhao 
said: "On behalf of my grandkids I express thanks to another grandfather. Probably, 
our children will meet each other some time in the future.” 

Feted by California's Governor 
OW141240 Beijing XINHUA Domestic Service in Chinese 1520 GMT 14 Jan 84 

[Text] San Francisco, 13 Jan (XINHUA) -- Premier Zhao Ziyang and California Governor 
George Deukmejian pledged here today to develop the traditional ties of friendship 
between the Chinese people and the people of California. They said this during a 
dinner given in Premier Zhao Ziyang's honor by the governor of California and the 
California International Hosting Commission. 


Ceorge Deukmejian said in his toast: "The friendship between our peoples goes back 
many years. I would like to see it grow even stronger in the years ahead." He added: 
“Lt is beneficial to both our countries to keep our economic ties strong and growing." 

Deukmejian also pointed out. "A strong Chinese-American friendship can be a positive and 
peaceful force in the pursuit of a safer world." 

Premier Zhao Ziyang said in his return toast: "In reviewing the history of the develop- 
ment of Calitornia, people cannot but admire the American people's courageous and tena- 
cious "pioneering spirit," and at the same time think of indelible contributions made to 
the early development of California by the sweat and toil of large numbers of Chinese 

Premier Zhao said: "Today, the Chinese and American peoples are continuing their 
contacts under new historical circumstances. It isthe shared desire of our two peoples 
to develop our triendly relations in the spirit of equality and mutual benefit." 

Premier Zhao also pointed out: "China and the United States have repeatedly acknowledged 
that the relations of our two countries should be based on such generally recognized 
norms governing international relations as mutual respect for sovereignty and terri- 
torial integrity and noninterference in internal affairs." "As long as these norms are 
observed in earnest, it will not be difficult to remove the differences between China and 
the United States on the Taiwan issue, and the development of the two countries’ rela- 
tions will be much smother, " he said. 

The speeches by Premier Zhao and the California governor were constantly applauded 

and cheered by an audience of about 600 people. Among those present were San Francisco 
Mayor Dianne Feinstein, local léaders from the American West, influential members of the 
Chinese community, and other public celebrities. During the banquet, Chinese and 

American music was played by a band. 

Premier Zhao will leave San Francisco on the morning of 14 January for New York, the 
last stop of his week-long visit to the United States. 

Meets Two U.S. Executives 
OW140745 Beijing XINHUA in English 0715 GMT 14 Jan 84 

'Text] San Francisco, January 13 (SINHUA) -- Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang was the guest 
of Samuel Armacost, president of the Bank of America, at lunch here today. Premier 

Thao told his host that he hoped American business could play a greater role in pro- 
moting economic cooperation with China. 

In the afternoon, the premier met in the Fairmont Hotel with Stephen Bechtel, chairman 
of the Board of Directors of Bechtel Corporation, a major construction and engineering 
firm in the country. 

Both Armacost and Bechtel indicated their willingness to develop cooperation with China. 
Some senior members of Premier Zhao's party were present on the two occasions. 

Receives Key to San Francisco 
OW140753 Beijing XINHUA in English 0725 GMT 14 Jan 84 

[Text] San Francisco, January 13 (XINHUA) -- Mayor Dianne Feinstein of San Francisco 
presented a key to the city this evening to visiting Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang 
in a traditionel gesture of welcome. About 1,500 people attended the ceremonial 
in the San Francisco City Hall. National anthems of China and the United States were 

plaved before the presentation. 


In an address welcoming Zhao to the city, Feinstein recalled San Francisco's 
historical links with China. She said, "I believe all of the people in San Francisco 
would join me in a very specific determination to work for peace and understanding and 
friendship between our two countries." 

"We have been privileged as you know to share a very special relationship with one of 
your great cities, the city of Shanghai,” she told the premier. "And our dream is that 
as that relationship matures, as ov people here and people in Shanghai get to know 
each other, it can really be the harbinger of peace between our two nations," 

Atter her brief and warm remarks, she presented the key to the city to the premier on 
behalf of the entire San Franciscvo people. 

Volecing his gratitude for the heart-warming welcome, Zhao said that the Chinese people 
have had many contacts with San Francisco. The establishment of Sino-American 
diplomatic ties five years ago turned a new page in the annals of Sino-American 
relations. Likewise, the establishment of San Francisco and Shanghai as twin cities 
was a milestone in the annals of relations between the two coastal cities. The 
premier won loud applause by saying, "This golden key wili make it possible for me 

to open your golden gate for more exchanges between the people of our two countries." 

Mayor Feinstein also declared this day as "Premier Zhao Day" of the city and county of 
San Francisco. Zhao presented to Mayor Feinstein a piece of needlework, "The reat 
Wall,” to the city of San Francisco, a gift especially made by its twin city of 
Shanghai. Before the presentation of the key, Premier Zhao Ziyang met Mayor Feinstein 
in her office in the city hall, and local civic leaders. 

Zhao on USSR, Kampuchea 
OW141356 Beijing XINHUA Domestic Service in Chinese 0735 GMT 14 Jan 84 

[Text] San Francisco. 13 Jan (XINHUA) -- Premier Zhao answered some questions concerning 
the international and domestic situation raised by personalities from various circles 

at a dincer last night given by the World Affairs Council, the Commonwealth Club, 

and the San Francisco-Shanghai Friendship City Committee. 

On the question concerning Sino-Soviet relations, Premier Zhao said that "China adheres 
to an independent foreign policy. We are willing to improve and develop our relations 
with all countries, including, of course, the Soviet Union, on the basis of the five 
principles of peaceful coexistence. In the last 2 years we have held some dialogues 
[dui hua 1417 6114] with the Soviet Union. We are opposed to many policies pursued 

by the Soviet Union, and this position of ours has not changed. During our dialogues 
with the Soviet Union, we did not make any progress in solving substantive questions 
[shi zhi wen ti 1395 6347 0795 7344]. Of course, the trade and economic exchanges 
between our two sides have increased somewhat, and they will likely increase some 

more in the future. At present, there are very few contacts between high-ranking 
officials of the two sides; there might be some in the future. The appointment 
between our Foreign Minister Wu and Foreign Minister Gromyko at the United Nations was 
mot realized, but it has not been canceled. They still have an opportunity to meet 
with each other. In short, China is willing to improve its relations with the 

Soviet Union, but the issues are in the main [ji ben shang 1015 2609 0006] clear, and 
the major problems are not on China's side." 

[Beijing XINHUA in English at 2030 GMT on 13 January carries a short report on 
Premier Zhao's question and answer session. On Sino-Soviet relations, the XINHUA 
English version reads: "Asked about the development of Sino-Soviet relations, 
Premier Zhao said: "China pursues an independent foreign policy and is ready to 
establish, develop and improve relations with all the countries including the Soviet 
Union in the world on the basis of the five principles of peaceful co-existence.’ 

swenting on dialogue between the two countries in recent years, Zhao said that there 
has been no substantial progress yet in these talks and China’s position towards many 

Licles of the Soviet Union remains unchanged. ‘But we have increased trade and 
economic relations with the Soviet Union and it is possible te increase these relations 
in the future," he added. ‘We are willing to improve our relations with the Soviet 
lon, but apparently this does not depend on China alone,’ he stated.” | 

On the question concerning the control of nuclear arms, Premier Zhao said that "China 
is a large developing country. It is large primarily in population. A question 
confronting us is how to accelerate economic construction and improve the people's 

livelihood. We will not, we are unwilline id it is unlikely for us to join in 

the international nuclear arms race. We 4 t a genuine disarmament will be 
ichieved in the world. In particular, » mations with the strongest arms should take 
the lead in disarmament and reduce thei lear and conventional arms by a big margin. 
We have said that China's arms are limite... -.t it is willing to join other countries 
in disarmament talks if the countries with hugh arms -- here I[ am referring to the 
soviet Union ood the United States -- reach an agreement on a large arms reduction to 

’ . ° ° " 
show their determination. 

Om the best way to make Vietnam withdraw its troops from Kampuchea, Premier Zhao said: 
"You all know that Vietnam is a country that has experienc2d wars for many years, and its 
people are Living amid great difficulties. Since invaded Kampuchea, Vietna 
economie difficulties have worsened. We may say that its economy is in a situation of 
‘ollapse. I think that the most reliable way to compel Vietnam to end its occupation 
t Kampuchea and settle the Kampuchean issue peacefully is to support 
Kampuchea’s resistance forces and further exacerbate Vietnam's difficulties, in 
iddition to exerting international political pressure on Vietnam and condemning its 

ust invasion of Kampuchea. China earnestly hopes that the Kampuchean issue can be 
settled politically at an early date, but Vietnam today does not want the issue settled 
this way and is not prepared to withdraw its troops from Kampuchea. All the proposals 
put torward by Vietmam are designed to deceive the world public and to legalize its 
agegressicn against Kampuchea. For this reason, we do not think that the conditions 
ror a political settlement of the Kampuchean issue are ripe. Perhaps it will continue 

be very hard to settle this issue politically in the near future.” 

(The XINHUA English version renders Zhao's comments on Vietnam and Kampuchea as 
follows: "On a possible political solution to the issue of occupation of Kampuchea 
by Vietnam, Premier Zhao said conditions are not ripe at present for such a solution 
although Chiaa very much likes to see an early political solution of the issue. Zhao 
noted that Vietnam is still refusing to withdraw its troops from Kampuchea. The 
various proposals of Hanoi ‘are all designed to hoodwink international opinion and 
legalize its occupation of Kampuchea,’ he stressed. The Chinese premier pwinted out 
that the surest way to fteree Vietnam to pull out of Kampuchea is to support the 
resistance forces in Kampuchea apart from exerting political and moral pressure on 


Vietnam." |] 

On Chima’s economic role in the Asian-Pacific region, Premier Zhao pointed out: 

In recent years China has greatly expanded its trade and economic relations with 
Asian and Pacific nations, including the United States, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, 
ind the ASEAN nations. It has also made a good start in economic and technological 
cooperation with these countries. I think that there is still great potential for 
trade and economic relations, technological cooperation, and cooperation in other 
fields between China and the Pacific nations. We still can explore various ways 

and adopt various measures to expand the cooperation between us day by day.” 


On China's implementation of the system of economic responsibilities at home, lremier 
‘hao sald that the responsibility system is a very tmportant measure adopted by China 
in the course of the present economte reform, It 18 a very effective measure. China 
ls a soctalist country. In the past, something we did was to have ev ryone share 
food from the same bly pot; and some things we did offset the superiority of socialism. 
In the last tew years, we have achleved very good results in reforming first some grass- 
roots units. We vave thus very tngentously integrated the collective ownership of the 
means of production with the individual's enthustasm for work. Since we reformed our 
agriculture, we have reaped good agricultural harvests for 5 consecutive years. At 
present, we are trying to populartze the system in cities and in industry and commerce. 
Of course, industry and commerce are not exactly the same as the rural areas. We are 
exploring a certain responsibility system that is suitable to cities and to industry 
and commerce. When | was in China, | did not hear anvone say that China would reduce 
tue scope of the responsibility system. What I know is that we should find out how to 
adapt the responsibility system to various other fields. 

Comments on Sino-U.S. Trade 
(W140730 Beljing XINHUA Domestic Service in Chinese 0243 GMT 14 Jan 84 

[Text] San Francisco, 13 Jan (XINHUA) -- At a meeting this afternoon with personages 
from business cir-'es of the American West at the Fairmont Hotel, Premier Zhao Zivang 
expressed the hope that they would promote, politically as well as economically, the 
continued progress of Sino-U.S. relations in a direction that both sides desire. 

Premier Zhao said that th western part of the United States has very close economic 
ties with China. All of you are influential personages from business circles in the 
American West, and | suppose that you are concerned about the question of Sino-l.S. 
economic and trade relations. The same question is also one of deep concern for the 
Chinese people and government. "At the invitation of the U.S. Government, T am visiting 
your country for the main purpose of promoting the progress of Sino-U.S. relations, 
including, of course, economic and trade relations." 

Premier “hao said that the rate of growth in Sino-U.S. economic and trade relations the 
past few years may be described as very impressive. However, the scale of these re- 
lations is, in fact, still too small for two big countries like China and the United 
States. "These two things indicate that there is still great potential for the develop- 
ment of Sino-U.S. economic and trade relations." 

He said that when speaking of Sino-U.S. economic and trade relations, we cannot ignore 
the American West. Because of its geograpuical location, the western part of the United 
States is bound to play an important role in the development of U.S. economic and trade 
relations with China. 

He said that some U.S. economic departments have specialties that correspond precisely 
with the key tasks that China is undertaking under its program of modernization. This 
also applies to the American West. Modernization of agriculture is one of the key tasks 
of strategic importance in China's economic development, while the western and central 
western parts of the United States are noted for their well-developed agriculture. 


ihe « xp l ration of energy resources is another kev task of strategi: importance for our 
ountry, and several companies in the American West have begun to cooperate with us in 
this tleld. Construction of communications facilities is our third key task of stra- 
tegic tmportance, and a number of major communications and transportation equipment 
suppliers are located on the West Coast. Today we have hundreds of thousands of enter- 
prises in need of technical transformation. The American West can find a big market in 
China for tts advanced production equipment, electronic technology, and so forth. 

Premier Zhao pointed out that development of the economic and trade relations between 

our two countries will encounter numerous difficulties. However, as long as we hold that 
such relations are mutually beneficial, it is worthwhile for us to make an effort to 
overcome rather than flinch from difficulties. Some personages in U.S. business circles 
have shown an unremitting and indomitable will in this respect. We appreciate and admire 
what they have done. 

He said that China and the United States have different social systems, but this should 
not be an obstacle to our efforts to do business. We will try to understand better the 
American system and practices. At the same time, I hope that you will do the same in 
regard to the Chinese system and practices. “I believe that as long as we can under- 
stand each other more deeply, it is easier to get things done. In my opinion, at least 
me thing in the Chinese system is favorable to contacts with China by American business- 
men: im China, all departments and units from the top down are implementing the unified 
pollctes formulated by the government. Opening to the outside world has been estab- 
lished by the Chinese Government as a fundamental national policy to be carried out for 
i long time to come. This has provided a reliable fundamental guarantee for business- 
men of all foreign countries, including the United States, to develop economic and trade 
relations with China.” 

te said: “There exists a very big gap between the levels of economic development of 

the two countries. The gap does create some difficulties for our exchanges. But why 
should two countries trade with each other if they are exactly the same in everything? 
The existing gap, plus the huge potential of China's domestic market, is an assurance 

for American businessmen to invest in China without the fear of China becoming a threat- 
ening competitor of the United States. China will not become such a competitor for a 
very lone time to come. Friction in some fields of course is unavoidable. Nevertheless, 
there is no doubt that the more China exports to the United States the larger the 

Chinese market will be for American goods, technology, and capital.” 

Premier Zhao pointed out that trade is always risky, but that the opportunities one has 
are far greater than the risks one takes when doing business with China. American 
business circles have always displayed a spirit of taking risks in order to take ad- 
vantage of an opportunity. Moreover, the Chinese Government, in implementing a policy 
of opening to the outside, will create all the necessary conditions so that in dealing 
with China vou can earn rational profits with minimum risks. 

He said: We admit that our laws and regulations concerning foreign economic relations 
ire not adequuce enough, but we are striving to improve them. For some questions that 
require a solution but for which we cannot enact legislation right away to solve, we may 
include relevant terms in our contracts. We also admit that bureaucracy and low ef- 
ficteney exist among some Chinese working personnel. They are constantly striving to 
overcome the shortcomings. I believe that the existing problems in Sino-U.S. trade and 
economic relations will be reduced as exchanges expand between the two countries. 


ts rid the United State is a developed country with the strongest economic and 

ipability in the world, while China is the largest developing country in 
* wor ie may say that there is intinite potential for our two countries to develop 
, mi relations onthe basis of equality and mutual benefit. “We have every 

it our trade and economic relations will develop enduringly and 
, . ‘hao Tivang said: Americans often say “business is business." But you 
t ’ 11s mwree that it is very difficult to separate completely economic 
tical reiations between the two countries. While the two can promote each 
i ilso impede each other. 

hat American triends concerned about the development of Sino-U.S. econo- 
ire also concerned about the stability of Sino-U.S. political relations. 

Newsletter Reviews California Visit 
iKIHOG1L4 Bel 2 RENMIN RIBAO in Chinese 15 Jan 84 p 6 

Newsletter Fr ‘merica" by Yuan Xianlu and Zhang Yunwen: “To Make the Pacific Really 

t im ‘ranmcisece, 1) lan «= Premier Zhao completed his visit to Washington yesterday 
md crossed the continent to the beautiful city of San Francisco on America's 
t. Washioeton was still deep in snow, while this mountain city on the Pacific 
riot of ereenery and as warm as spring. As the motorcade passed along the 
treets, and people along the roadside smiled and waved in greeting at the guest 
far. When Premier 7hao's party crossed the famous Golden Gate Bridge, they got 
yeir cars to enjoy the splendorof the great bridge spanning San Francisco Bay 
the beautiful screnery around it. 

remiet 1) staved in San Francisco less than 2 days. He has indeed made a profound 
oresstion on people here. They described him as "an insp!ring and warm-hearted man." 

newspaper foretold the warm reception for Premier Zhao under the head- 
Red Carpet Awaits Premier Zhao in San Francisco." A television anchorper- 
ribed the evening of Premier Zhao's speech as "a historical night for San Fran- 

; . Ai 
im enchanting night. 

ole of San Francisco have particularly friendly feelings for China. San Francisco 

ricate “eateway to the Orient,” and has had traditional friendly exchanges with 

/ on the eppestite shere of the Pacific. More than a century ago, Chinese people 
\merica made a very great contribution to opening up the West. Now there are 

in San Francisco than in any other American city. 

rancis faces the Pacific. The people of this city are highly concerned for peace 
it ocurtty to the Pacific region. The state of Sino-U.S. relations has a great deal 
ro do with securtty and stability in the Pacific region. On the evening of his arrival 
in Franci . Premier 7hao made an important speech at the invitation of the World 

council and the Commonwealth Club on the position and importance of the Pacific 
: remier Thao gave an incisive review of the Pacific situation, pointing out the 
ects for vapid development of the countries in the region and also analyzing the 
f the region. Premier Zhao Zivang emphasized the heavy responsibilities 
ered by China and the United States for stability and peace in the Pacific area. 


I rder to make the Pacific really peaceful, it is necessary to abide by the five 
principles of peacetul coexistence. No country should seek hegemonism in this area 

i interfere in orSer countries’ internal affairs. When Premier Zhao said: "The people 
ot the United States ardently love peace; you do not want your peaceful life and the 
fruits of your construction to be rulned by war,” the audience response was warm. 
Sino=U.5. relations have very great significance on the peace and stability of the 

Pacitic area, whereas the Talwan issue is a major obstacle to Sino-U.S. relations. 

Many Chinese in San Francisco came from Hong Kong, Macao, and Talwan. They are extremely 
coneerned over the unification of the motherland. Yesterday afternoon, at a reception 
held by Chinese organizations, Premier Zhao made an important speech on the issue of the 
wunitieation of the motherland. The people of San Fancisco are of the opinion that 

the speech was a very comprehensive and thorough exposition on the Taiwan issue. 

When Premier Zhao said: “After its unification with the motherland, Taiwan will not 
lose anything, but will enjoy the glory and benefit of being a part of the motherland," 
the audience burst into thunderous applause. Concluding his speech, Premier Zhao said 
in a loud and clear voice: "The Chinese nation has never been so proud of itself as 

it is today. China will be revitalized and China will shine with dazzling splendor in 
the world.” At that time, all people present stood up and there was prolonged applause. 
Those who were present at the reception thought the speech was brilliant. 

foday Premier Zhao receives two gifts, a crystal eagle and a gold key to San Francisco, 
trom Dlanne Feinstein, the major of San Francisco. In her speech carried on television, 
the major said: “I wish the Pacific would shrink into a small brook so that Sino-U.S. 
relations can develop better.” Premier Zhao's visit can greatly contribute to the 
development ot Sino-U.S. relations. 

Zhao Arrives in New York 
W150047 Beijing XINHUA in English 0030 GMT 15 Jan 84 

lext New York, January 14 (XINHUA) -- Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang and his party 
arrived here this afternoon from San Francisco on the last leg of his week-long visit 
» the United States. 

As Premier Zhao, accompanied by Deputy Chief of Staff of the White House Michael K. 
DNeaver, stepped down from his special plane at the Kennedy International Airport, 
Mator of New York City Edward Koch went forward to greet the premier and presented 
him with the key to the city of New York. 

U.S. Senator Alfonse d'Amato, Congressman William Green and United Nations Under- 
Secretary-General Bi Jillong welcomed the Chinese premier at the airport. Also at the 
1irport were Chinese Ambassadors to the United Nations Ling Qing, Liang Yutan and Mi 
Cuojun, and Chinese Consul General in New York Cao Guisheng. 

During his two-day visit in New York, Premier Zhao will meet U.S. statesmen, 
entrepreneurs and celebrities of various social sections and exchange views with them 
on issues of mutual concern. Then, he will conclude his visit to the United States 
and leave for Canada. 

Mayor Koch Hosts Luncheon 
OWL60115 Beijing XINHUA in English 0033 GMT 16 Jan 84 
Text! New York, January 15 (XINHUA) -- Visiting Chinese Premier Zha Ziyang said 
here today that through his visit to the United States he has felt "the profound 

friendship of the American people towards the Chinese people and their strong desire 
for better mutual understanding and concerted efforts to maintain world peace.” 


The premier said this at a luncheon given in his honor by Mayor of New York Edward Koch 

at his residence, 

In his toast, Zhao stressed that “it is in the fundamental interests of the two peoples 
and the people of the world to develop long-term and steady relations between the two 
countries on the basis of mutual respect, equality and mutual benefit." 

"We are ready to work to the best of our ability together with our American friends 
for the realization of this lofty goal," he added, 

Lxpressing warm welcome to Premier Zhao on behalf of seven million New York citizens, 
Mayor Koch expressed deep appreciation of Premier Zhao's remarks that "China has opened 
its door and will never close it again." These remarks were contained in one of the 
premier's speeches made in Washington on January 11, “Let us now toast to the open doors 
of both of our nations,” Koch said, 

in response, the premier said, "China always keeps its door open to friends,” Mayor 
Koch and Premier Zhao exchanged gifts during the luncheon, 

Before the end of the two-hour-long luncheon, Premier Zhao was entertained with a music 
performance, Renowned singer John Denver sang three songs including the "Heart to Heart 
ind “Shanghai Breezes" which were written and composed by Denver himself during or 

after his tive-week visit to China in 1981, Denver also performed for Deng Xiaoping 

at the Kennedy Center in Washington when the Chinese leader visited the United States 

in January 1979 

Foreign Minister Wu Xueqian, Deputy Secretary-General of the State Council Chen Chu, 
Chinese Ambassador to the United States Zhang Wenjin and other members of Zhao's party 
as well as Chinese Permanent Representative to the United Nations Ling Qing also 
attended the luncheon, 

Zhao Meets ATT Chairman 
OW1L60054 Beijing XINHUA in English 0031 GMT 16 Jan 84 
(Text] New York, January 15 (XINHUA) -- Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang met with Mr Charles 

Brown, chairman of the Board of Directors of A.T.T. (American Telepnone Company) this 
afternoon in the Plaza Hotel where he is staying during his visit in New York City. 


RENMI™N RIBaO Commentator 

HK1 31306 Beilting RENMIN RIBAO in Chinese 13 Jan 84 1 
[Commentator'’s article: "Major Endeavor for Achievement of the Peaceful i Independent 
Reunification of Korea" | 

[Text] In order to make new progress in realizing the peaceful and independent 
reunification of Korea, the joint meeting of the Central People's Committee and the 
Supreme Pe ple's Assembly Standing Committee of the Democrati People's Republic of Korea 
»roposed on 10 January "tripartite talks" among the northern side of Korea, the 3outhern 
ide of Korea, and the United States. This is another major éndeavor undertaken by the 
northern side of Korea for the realization of reunification of the motherland and a 

olution to the Korea issue. The Chinese people resolutely support this proposal. 

‘he proposal says that the northern side of Korea will consult with the United States about the 
onclusion of a "piece agreement" and the problem of withdrawing U.S. troops from South Kors 
tong mei guo xie shang di jie he ping xie ding he mei jun cong nan zhao xian che zou 

li wen ti 0681 5019 0948 0588 0794 4877 4814 0735 1627 0588 6057 0735 5019 6511 1783 
0589 2600 7639 2327 6382 4104 0°55 7344], and will discuss with the southern side of Kore 
the adoption of a “nonagression pacts stipulating that both sides not resort to arms 
iwainst each other or attack each other, cut their troops and military expenditures 

by a large margin, and end the state of military confrontation. After creating a 
tavotable precondition [qian di 0467 2251] for realizing independent and peaceful 
reunification, the South and the North will start a dialogue on the question of 
reunification on the basis of the"4 July South-North joint statement" and the three 
principles of “independence, peace, and great national unity," in a bid to establish a 
confederal state on the basis of regional autonomy. This proposal is conducive to 
relaxing tensions on the Korean peninsula and to achieving the peaceful reunification 

ot Korea. 

the present situation on the Korean peninsula is very tense at present. This is wholly 

created by the United States and the South Korean authorities. The DPRK is now engrossed 

in peaceful construction and will by no means carry out an “invasion of the South" 

is the United States and the South Korean authorites are propagating. Under this fabri- 
ited pretext, the United States stations a large number ot its troops in South Korea 
irries out large-scale military exercises in concert with the South Korean authorities, 
irouses hostility against the DPRK, and vigorously reinforces the South Korean military 
itreneth by different means, such as materials. This has created obstacles to the talks 

between the northern and southern sides of Korea for the independent and peaceful reuni- 

ition of the country and has increased tensions on the Korean peninsula. The 

northern side's proposed "tripartite talks" seeks the conclusion of a "peace agreement" 

with the United States and withdrawal of U.S. troops from South Korea. This wi!l get 

rid ot foreien interfernce and create favorable conditions for peaceful consultations 

between the North and the South. Thus, the easing of tensions on the Korean 

peninsula will become possible, and it will also be helpful to the maintenance of 

peace in Northeast Asia and other parts of Asia. 

After the withdrawal of U.S. troops from South Korea and the conclusion of a "nonagres- 
sion pact" by the North and the South through consultations, the two sides of Korea will 
be able to exchange views calmly for the reunification of their country. The 

North Korean side has expressed the desire to discuss through consultations not only 

the proposal for the establishment of a confederation, but also other proposals from the 


ihis reasonable and tair stand fully reflects the sincerity of the north side in seeking 
ways to achteve the independent and peacetul reunification of the motherland. So long as 
the southern side also expresses sincerity, there should not be many difficulties in 
achieving the independent and peacetul reunification of Korea. 

lo solve tie reunification issue by peaceful means is the common desire of the North and 
south Korean peopies. The North Korean side has made consistent efforts, with 

positive proposals, tor a solution to the reunification issue. The proposed "tripartite 
talks" is another major proposal put forward by the North Korean side. The Chinese 
people sincerely hope that the United States and South Korean authorities will seize this 
pportune moment to respond to the proposal of holding tripartite talks at an early date 
1 that the problem of the peaceful reunification of Korea will be reasonably solved as 
soon as possible. 

DPRK Embassy News Conference 

KIGL318 Belting International Service in Korean 1100 GMT 13 Jan 84 

Text] Comrade Kim Chang-kyu, charge d'affaires ad interim of the DPRK Embassy in China 
veld a news conference at the embassy this morning. In the news conference, he intro- 
duced the measures taken to peacefully solve the Korean question at the joint meeting 

of the DPRK Central People's Committee and the Standing Committee of the Supreme 

People's Assembly on 10 January. Now, here is the recorded version of the principal 
contents of the discussion of Charge d'Affaires a.i. Kim Chang-kyu at the news 

[Begin Kim Chang-kvu recording] The joint meeting discussed important measures for the 
across-the-board analysis of the prevailing situation in our country and for opening 

an advantageous phase for peace and independence and the peaceful reunification of our 

As you know, tension on the Korean peninsula, especially the danger of a nuclear war, 
has rapidly increased and has presently reached the state in which a new war may break 
out at any moment. This is mainly related to the fact that the U.S. imperialists' 
wicked aggressive maneuvers to try to make South Korea their own, eternal, colonial, 
military base, and through it, to threaten the peace in Asia and the world are becoming 
more naked than ever. 

The United States is reinforcing aggressive armed forces in and around South Korea 

and acceleratine the modernization of the South Korean (?armed forces). Particularly, the 
United Stites is creating the danger of war by the annual holding for several recent vears 
of Team Spirit joint military exercises as test wars or preliminary wars, which, in 

fact, are not different from a real war. As reported already, this year, it established 
the plan for the Team Spirit '84 military exercise, the largest-ever in scale, to start 
on | February, and has already entered into preliminary exercises. 

Despite this being the reality, citing the theory of the nonexistent southward invasion 
threat, the United States is babbling about tne reinforcement of the U.S. troops 
stationed in South Korea and the South Korean pweppet armed forces, and in reality, 
accelerating new war preparations citing the theory of the nonexistent threat of south- 
ward invasion. We have repeatedly made || clear, not just on one or two occasions, 

that the so-called southward invasion thac ‘« United States and the South Korean author- 
ities talk of cannot be and does not exist. 

As far back as 10 vears ago, we proposed talks to conclude a peace agreement with the 
United States. However, without showing any concern tor our proposal and sincere 
efforts, the United States continues to instigate the South Korean authorities to a 
war policy an! ceaselessly conducts anticommunism, anti-North, and anti-Republic 


\s mentioned earlier, in view of the tension prevailing in our country and the current 

situation, the joint meeting unanimously recognized that it should take conclusive measures 
to prevent the approaching danger of a nuclear war and to finally break open an advan- 
tageous phase tor peace and independence and the peaceful reunification of the country, 

and it took new measures to hold tripartite talks which also include the South Korean 
suthorities, another party which is directly responsible for creating tension in Korea, 
in our talks with the United States. 

Our position in proposing tripartite talks at the joint meeting, is first of all, derived 
trom the tact that the United States is the concerned party which is directly responsible 
tor guaranteeing the peace in Korea and to eliminate the obstacle lying astride the road 
ot the reunification of our country. 

Deeply involving itself in the Korean question for the nearly 40 years since World 

war il, the UnitedStates has not only stationed its own troops in South Korea and 
srasped control of the South Korean Armed Forces, but also has, in fact, placed all of 
South Korea under its own control and led the situation on the Korean peninsula to the 
brink of war today. Secause of that, unless we meet directly and solve the questions, 
the peaceful phase tor the fatherland's reunification can never be opened. The reason 
why we have proposed the Korea-U.S. [chomi hoedam] talks for a long time and are keeping 
the door open for dialogue lies nowhere but here. 

Our position in proposing the tripartite talks is also derived from the fact that the 
South Korean authorities are seeking confrontation with us by positively following the 
United States, offering South Korea as a nuclear base for U.S. aggression in Asia, by 
strengthening military collusion with Japan, and by riding the coattails of outside 
forces. Im the tripartite talks that we proposed, the question of concluding a peace 
igreement between Korea and the United States and of the withdrawal of U.S. troops from 
South Korea should be discussed above all. The question is the basic guarantee for firm 
peace in Korea and the condition that should be settled beforehand so that the Korean 
people can solve their own questions independently and without the interference of 
outside torces. 

it has already been 30 years since the Korean Armistice Agreement was signed, and yet our 
country's situation has remained under the uncertain status of armistice. This is the 
inevitable product of the U.S. policy of strength. If the United States really aspires 

to peace in Korea and Asia, as a signatory to the Korean Armistice Agreement, it should 

aS a matter of course legally declare the end of the status of war in Korea, should pick 
up its nuclear weapons in South Korea, and withdraw its troops. 

it the Korea-U.S. peace agreement were concluded and the U.S. troops withdrawn from 
South Korea, the source blocking our peace and the peaceful reunification of our 
country would be gone and the prospect for the peaceful solution of the Korean 

question would be firmly opened. If this situation develops, an environment which will 
contribute to the normalization of Korea-U.S. relations will have been created, and the 
United States would suffer no loss of face over the Korean question or to its relations 

In the tripartite talks, the question of adopting a declaration of nonaggression 
between the North and South should be agreed upon. With the present situation left in- 
tact where the vast armed forces of the North and South are in confrontation, the 
aggravation of tension and armed conflict cannot be prevented. Because of that, we 
insist that the nonaggression declaration containing the rational policies of firmly 
promising mutual nunciation of use of force and attacking each other and of greatly 
reducing the amount of troops and military equipment be adopted in the tripartite 


lt the Korea-U.5. peace agreement is concluded, the nonaggression declaration between 
the North and South adopted, and the advantageous situation for the country's indepen- 
dence and peacetul reunification arranged, then accordingly, acting on the 4 July 
voutheNorth joint statement already agreed upon, the question of reunification should be 
wived im contormity with the principles of independence, peace, and great national con- 


ihe most rational policy arising here is the setting up of a reunified country by the 
method of torming a confederation -- a policy which is already receiving absolute 
support and evaluation fromthe progressive peoples of the world -- which envisages 
leaving intact the different ideologies and systems of the North and South and providing 
autonomous rule for the two parts |of the confederation]. 

‘he contederal state of which we speak and which is based on regional autonomous rule, 
will become an independent country not bonded to anyone, nor a satellite state of anyone, 
and a neutral nation which will not join any bloc. 

Along with this, if there is any rational proposal the opposing party makes in the tri- 
partite talks, that also may be gladly presented. We are prepared to duly allow that. 

thus, taking new measures for peaceful solution of the Korean question, the joint meet- 
ing was convinced that the tripartite talks will be held at an early date and of our 
positive efforts toward that end, and sent letters which fully contained the contents 
outlined above to the U.S. Government, Congress, and the Seoul authorities, respectively. 
lend recording] 

Beijing Radio Commentary 
SK160218 Beijing International Service in Korean 1100 GMT 14 Jan 84 

[Station commentator's commentary: "A Positive Proposal Which Is Advantageous for 
Easing Tension on the Korean Peninsula"] 

(Text | On 10 January, the DPRK proposed tripartite talks among the North and South 
Korea and the United States; and, in letters to the U.S. and South Korean authorities, 
proposed, as the venue for the tripartite talks, Panmunjom or a third country which is 
deemed convenient to the parties concerned. The proposal is evoking great interest 

fhe world's opinion regards that, if the DPRK proposal were realized, a new phase would 
be created to (?remove) tension on the Korean peninsula, and that it, therefore, would 
be of great significance for peace and security in Asia. 

fhe division on the Korean peninsula has continued for nearly 40 years. For such a 
long time, the entire Korean people have yearned for the day when the people of the same 
blood can live together happily with national reunification to come as soon as possible. 

fhe northern side of Korea has made steady efforts to realize such aspirations as soon 
as possible and has made a series of constructive proposals. For instance, the three 
orinciples proposed by President Kim Il-song in 1972, i.e. the principles of indepen- 
dence, grand national unity, and peaceful reunification, are the three principles of 
Korean reunification mutually confirmed by Korea's North-South joint statement of 4 July 
1972. I£ these principles had been realized then, the Korean peninsula would have 

already been reunified. 


Yet, tor these many years, the U.5. Government has uot only stationed its rruops 
continuously in South Korea, but has continumisl!y built up U.S. troops in South Korea 
and the South Korean Armed Forces and has instigated the South Korean authorities to 
presistently reject the North's proposals. Hence, far from reunification, the division 
between the North and the South has been worsened in Korea. 

In view of the aggravated tension on the Korean peninsula today, the northern side of 
Korea has again made an active proposal to convene comprehensive tripartite talks. 

The novcthern side not only appealed to the U.S. side to hold talks to discuss a peace 
agreement between Korea and the United States and the U.S. troops’ withdrawal from 
South Korea, but also appealed to the South Korean authorities to hold talks to discuss 
signing a mutual nonaggression declaration to further push ahead with the dialogue for 

this is avery well-timed and constructive proposal to ease the existing tension on the 
Korean peninsual and is another important effort by the DPRK at the new year for 
independent and peaceful national reunification. The proposal, therefore, is receiving 
active support from the world's peace-loving people. 

The Chinese Government and people actively support this new proposal of the DPRK. The 
world's people are interested to see if the U.S. Government and the South Korean 
authorities could find a way to evade the new step taken by the northern side of Korea, 
on its own initiative, to provide a breakthrough in the tension on the Korean peninsula. 

We hope that the United States and the South Korean authorities will respect the Korean 
people's cause of reunification, respect peace and security in Asia, give up the 

policy of strength, and will positively respond to the sincere appeal of the DPRK. Only 
this would conform to the benefit and aspirations of all the Korean people, and it would 
be 4a smart act that abides by the trend of history. 

International Committee's Support 
OW140648 Beijing XINHUA in English 0640 GMT 14 Jan 84 

[Text] Paris, January 13 (XINHUA) -- The International Committee of Liaison for the 
Independent and Peaceful Reunification of Korea (CILRECO), in a statement published 
her. Loday, supports the new proposals of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea 
for tripartite talks between the DPRK, the South Korean authorities and the United 
States. The statement said the DPRK proposals were made with a view to putting an end 
to "the aggravation of tension in the Korean peninsula" and "paving the way for the 
independent and peaceful reunification of Korea." 

The statement said the new proposals -- a peace treaty between the DPRK and the United 
States, a declaration of non-aggression between the North and South, dialogue for 
resolving the reunification problem -- are "particularly constructive and realistic." 

It pointed out that the Korean problem is an important factor of detente and peace in 
Asia and the world, and appealed to the Government and Congress of the United States 
and the South Korean authorities to take part in the tripartite talks. The CILRECO has 
also appealed to all governments to support the convening of the tripartite talks. 
Established in 1976 and based in Paris, the CILRECO has national committees in 105 


OW1L31628 Beljing XINHUA in English 1612 GMT 13 Jan 84 

[Text] Tokyo, January 13 (XINHUA) -- Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone today 
pledged that Japan will adhere to the principles guiding the development of Japan- 

China relations and make efforts to consolidate and develop the friendly relations 
between the two countries. At a press conference in the Japan National Press Club 

here today, Nakasone said he will discuss the issue and issues like economic cooperation 
with Chinese leaders on his visit to China scheduled for mid-March this year. He 

wished the visit fruittul. He hoped the two countries would establish an order of 
mutual trust with good will on both sides and promote long-time development of fri. »dly 
relations in a “peaceful, friendly, mutual-beneficial and steady way" despite their 
social difterences. 

On Sino-U.S. relations, Nakasone said he welcomes the efforts by the United States and 
China to develop friendly relations. On the issues of the Korean peninsula, he said 
the problem would better be solved through direct talks between the D.P.R.K. and 

South Korea. Nakasone reaffirmed that he places "the utmost importance" on Japan- 
U.S. relations and he would sincerely act on pledges made to Washington by previous 
Japanese cabinets on solving the problems standing between the two countries. 

The prime minister noted again that his country regard the solution of the territory 
problem as the precondition tor a better relationship with Moscow and stressed the 
need for carrying out dialogue with the Soviets despite their tough attitude on the 
problem. Nakasone also expressed his intention to further promote the relations of 
friendship and cooperation with ASEAN and other Asian countries. 


OW151424 Beijing XINHUA Domestic Service in Chinese 1709 GMT 13 Jan 84 

[Text] Tokyo, 13 Jan (XINHUA) -- The Association of Taiwan Compatriots in Japan held 
a meeting in Tokyo today to discuss the speech by Deng Yingchao, chairman of the CPPCC 
National Committee, on New Year's Day. The participants unanimously pledged to make 
contributions to promoting the early reunion of people on both sides of the Taiwan 
Strait and the reunification of the motherland. 

President Liu Qisheng of the association delivered a speech at the meeting. He said: 
"Chairman Deng Yingchao's speech shows that the mainland is quite sincere in promoting 
the reunification of the motherland, its attitude is modest, and is full of feelings 
for its compatriots. We people from Taiwan in Japan hope that the Taiwan 

authorities will seriously consider the question of realizing the reunification of 

the motherland and make positive suggestions." 

Chen Minxiong and Wu Xiuzhu, vice presidents of the association, and several others 
also spoke at the meeting. They held that Chairman Deng Yingchao's speech is quite 
reasonable and convincing and has further explained China's policy toward Taiwan. 
They said that they would disseminate the spirit of the speech to their relatives 
and friends in Taiwan and make efforts together with the compatriots in Taiwan 

to promote the early reunification of the motherland. 



OWL40804 Beijing XINHUA in English 0740 GMT 14 Jan 84 

(Text) Beijing, January 14 (XINHUA) -- Vietnamese troops have continued armed provoca- 
tions along the Chinese border in Yunnan Province and the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous 
Region since the beginning of this year, killing and wounding Chinese civilians, the 

PEOPLE'S DAILY reported today. 

From January 1 to 12, Vietnamese troops used heavy machineguns, anti-aircraft machine- 
guns and rifles to fire at villages and towns in Hekou Autonomous County of Yao nation- 
tility and Malipo County in Yunnan and, Pingxiang City, Longzhou County, Ningming County 
and Fangcheng Autonomous Counties of various nationalities in Guangxi, the paper said. 
From January 2 to 5, Vietnamese troops fired more than 500 rounds into Kejia area of 
Longzhou County. 

At 15:48 hours on January 5, Vietnamese troops fired at a group of workers on the 
Dongping tarm in Hekou, Yunnan Province, from the forest on the other side of the Honghe 
River. 60-vear-old worker Huang Junying was killed. On the evening of the same day, 
Vietnamese troops invaded Mabeng area of Donggan Commune in Malipo County, Yunnan 
Provinee. Wang Pingli, a Chinese peasant, was shot to death. 

At 9:30 hours on January 10, Vietnamese troops fired at Datongtian Village of Tansan 
Commune, in Fangcheng County, Guangxi, wounding Chinese peasant Huang Yonggan. On the 
tternoon of January 2, when a cadre of Hekou farm, Luo Wenzhang, was driving a jeep 
to the section of Fengwuzhai on the highway near the Honghe River in Yunnan Province, 

Vietnamese troops fired at him from the other side of the river, destroying the jeep. 


OWL 31423 Beijing in Vietnamese to Vietnam 1100 GMT 13 Jan 84 
(Li Guang commentary: "We Must Watch Not Only Their Words But Also Their Deeds"] 

[Text] Predictably, well before the approach of the Lunar New Year festival, the 
Vietnamese authorities have already begun to play the Tet cease-fire proposal farce. 

As people may still recall, before last year's Lunar New Year festival, the Vietnamese 
authorities also let it be known that they would observe a cease-fire unilaterally. 

In reality, however, they stepped up their military provocations along the PRC-Vietnam 
border. In 10 days alone, from 18 to 28 January last year, Vietnamese troops fired more 
than 730 rounds from assorted weapons into China's Guangxi area, causing death and 
injury to many Chinese civilians. In late August of last year, the Vietnamese authori- 
ties again loudly proposed a cease-fire during the national day period. However, from 
late August to late September, Vietnamese troops conducted more than 30 military provo- 
cations along and intrusions into China's border areas. The Vietnamese authorities, 
again resorting to an old trick, have advanced a Tet cease-fire proposal to be observed 
along the PRC-Vietnam border, saying that in order to show their good will and con- 
structive attitude, they would carry out that proposal. 

However, judging from past experience, how can anyone believe in their good will? A 
Chinese saying goes: We must watch not only their words but also their deeds. Facts 
prove that the Vietnamese authorities’ words have not matched their deeds. Their recent 
Tet cease-fire proposal is merely another propaganda ploy, aimed at deceiving the world 

[t is noteworthy that the Vietnamese authorities are accelerating their military activi- 
ties on the Kampuchean battlefield and making preparations for launching a large-scale 
drv-season offensive. Past experiences show that before they started the large-scale 
military operation in Kampuchea, they feverishly stepped up their military provocations 


along the PRC-Vietnam border in order to divert the attention of the world public. The 
Vietne wse authorities’ Tet cease-fire proposal is only aimed at concealing their mili- 
tary provocations along the Sino-Vietnamese border and their new military adventures 

on the Kempuchean battlefield. The Chinese Government has always observed the five 

principles of peacetul coexistence and has a high regard for the long-standing friend- 
ship between the two peoples of China and Vietnam. The current tension along the 
Sino-Vietnamese border has been solely created by the Vietnamese authorities. If the 
Vietnamese authorities stop their provocations, tranquillity will return along the 
Sino-Vietnamese border and the border-area people of the two countries will be able to 
celebrate the New Year festival peacefully. 

In their note, the Vietnamese authorities proposed that an atmosphere conducive to 

the improvement of Sino-Vietnamese relations be created. It is hoped that they will 
demonstrate their goodwill with practical deeds. If they continue their war of aggres- 
sion against Kampuchea and provoke China, the so-called creation of a conducive atmo- 
sphere is just empty words. How the Vietnamese authorities will act remains to be seen. 


BKLLO724 Bei‘ing International Service in Lao 1230 GMT 10 Jan 84 

iText] In a reply message from Pyongyang to Beijing-based REUTER reporters yesterday, 
Democratic Kampuchea President Samdech Sihanouk said the Vietnamese-supported Heng 
Samrin administration's celebration of its 5th anniversary in Kampuchea on 7 January is 
a disgrace to the nation. He said: The Kampuchean people are patriots. They would 
ibsolutely not be delighted with such a disgraceful celebration. 

He further said that the Heng Samrin administration was set up with the assistance of 
the brutal armed forces of the Vietnamese aggressors. Samdech Sihanouk stressed in the 
message that the Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea is unitedly determined 
to continue to fight until Kampuchea achieves complete independence. 


OWL41222 Beijing XINHUA in English 1211 GMT 14 Jan 84 

[Text] Pyongyang, January 14 (XINHUA) -- Samdech Norodom Sihanouk, president of Demo- 
eratic Kampuchea, wound up his visit here and left for China today. Seeing him off at 
the railway station were Korean Vice President Pak Song-chol and Vice Premier and For- 
eign Minister Kim Yong-nam. Also present were the charge d'affaires ad interim of the 
Democratic Kampuchean Embassy here and the Chinese ambassador to Korea. 

Beijing Arrival 
OWL50714 Beijing XINHUA in English 0646 GMT 15 Jan 84 

[Text] Beijing, January 15 (XINHUA) -- Samdech Norodom Sihanouk, president of Demo- 
cratic Kampuchea, and Madame Sihanouk arrived here from Pyongyang, the Democratic 
People's Republic of Korea, at noon today by train. They were greeted at the railway 
station by Han Nianlong, advisor to the Chinese Foreign Ministry, and his wife Wang 
Zhen. Also on hand were Pech Cheang, ambassador of Democratic Kampuchea to China; 
Kim Chang-kyu, charge d'affaires ad interim of the D.P.R.K. Embassy in Beijing; and 
diplomatic envovs of a number of other countries to China. 




BKOYOO!? Beijing in Cambodian to Kampuchea 1030 GMT 7 Jan 84 

Article” by station correspondent (Jian Hoa): "Kampuchea 5 Years After Vietnam's 
Armed Invasion" ] 

Text] Today's date -- 7 January -- reminds everybody of the abominable act committed 5 
years ago bythe Vietnamese authorities when they sent 200,000 troops to invade and 
occupy Phnom Penh, capital of Kampuchea, and then installed the Heng Samrin puppet 


Lately, the puppet regime, the Vietnamese authorities, and the Soviet Government news 
agency TASS have intensively ballyhooed the so-called achievements made by the Phnom 
Penh puppet regime since the Vietnamese invasion. This is in an attempt to put a decent 
facade on that criminal day, but it is a useless exercise. Let us take a look at the 
so-called achievements made in the Vietnamese-controlled Kampuchean zone. Production 

in the agricultural tield has not been successful and the people have led a difficult 

Beautiful Kampuchea, which is rich in resources, was formerly called the granary of 
Southeast Asia. At present, however, many fertile farm lands lie deserted. Formerly 
Kampuchea had 2.5 million hectares of farmland. At present, there are only 1.4 million 
hectares of arable land. Formerly, there were 2.5 million head of cattle, but now there 
are only 75,100 head. The annual production of 300,000 metric tons of grain can serve 
only one-third of the total demand in the country. 

Under the assistance and direct command of Vietnamese nationals, the Phnom Penh puppet 
regime has created the so-called Kampuchean army. This army, together with the 

Vietnamese armed forces, has launched attacks against the armed forces resisting 

the Vietnamese aggressors. Let us not discuss the size of that army but by merely taking 
its role into consideration it is better for us to call it a shadow army. Inspired up by 
the slogan: Khmers do not fight their fellow Khmers, many soldiers in the puppet army 
have deserted or turned their guns against the Vietnamese aggressors. Things like 
Vietnamese soldiers disarming members of the puppet army take place very often. 

Five vears have elapsed. Not only have the Democratic Kampuchean National Army and 
guerrillas survived the enemy's attacks, but they have grown up gradually. Moreover, 
during the past 2 years, two other groups of Kampuchean armed forces resisting the 
Vietnamese aggressors have also intensified their attacks against the enemy. The birth 
of the CGDK has greatly intensified the Kampuchean people's united struggle against 

the Vietnamese aggressors. Development of the situation and the Vietnamese acts com- 
mitted in Kampuchean territory have provided a lesson to the people in the zone temporar- 
ily controlled by the enemy. Thousands of people, including some high-ranking officials 
of the puppet regime such as Dy Lamthol, fled from the Vietnamese-controlled zone. The 
Kampuchean people have nurtured greater indignation at the Vietnamese aggressors. The 
Phnom Penh puppet regime has become more seriously isolated on the international arena. 
Although the Soviet Union and Vietnam have launched all kinds of maneuvers, every year 
the UN General Assembly gives its recognition to Democratic Kampuchea's legitimate seat 
at the United Nations. 

At the 38th UN General Assembly, which was held in 1983, SRV Foreign Minister Nguyen Co 
Thach, who used to justify the Vietnamese aggression, dared not raise the problem of the 
Kampuchean seat. Only a small number of the total of over 100 countries in the world 
recognize the Kampuchean puppet regime. This is why Vietnamese authorities have decided 
to organize a Vietnam-Kampuchea solidarity month, saying that proper arrangement of 
activities to mark the fifth anniversary of the Vietnamese seizure of Phnom Penh is of 
great significance. To be honest, the Heng Samrin regime has made some achievements. 
During the past 5 vears, at least 400,000 Vietnamese nationals have settled in Kampuchea. 
But the Phnom Penh puppet regime, the Vietnamese authorities, and the Soviet propaganda 
machine pretend to forget this great achievement! 


Meets Li Peng 
OWL41. 216 Beijing XINHUA in English 1141 GMT 14 Jan &4 

[Text] Beijing, January 14 (XINHUA) -- Chinese Vice Premier Li Peng met here: this 
afternoon with Elahi lux Soomro, Pakistan minister tor industries, and the presi dents 
of the tive chambers of commerce and industry accompanying him on the China visit. 

Li Peng appreciated Soomro's proposal tor cooperation between Pakistan's prive.te enter- 
prises and Chinese departments concerned. "Cooperation between the governrents of our 

two countries has been going on very well, and we welcome cooperation betwe:en Pakistan 

private enterprises and Chinese tirms," he said. 

lhe two sides agreed to enhance the triendship between China and Pakistan. 
XINHUA Interview 
OWL41852 Beijing XINHUA in English 1455 GMT 14 Jan 84 

[Text] Beijing, Jauuary 14 (XINHUA) -- "My delegation and myself are grésatly impressed 
by the dedication of your workers and the attention given by the Chinese Government to 
the promotion ot industry," Pakistan's Minister for Industries Elahi Bux Soomro said 

in an interview with XINHUA here this afternoon. Soomro and his delegéition, including 
five presidents of chambers of commerce and industry, have visited ele ctric meter, 
capacitor and diesel engine factories in Beijing, Guangzhou, Guilin ar.d Shanghai since 
their arrival in China on January 8. 

Soomro said: "It is my first visit to China in the capacity of minister for industries. 
China has made remarkable progress and tremendous strides in inclustr ial achievement. 
We are also greatly impressed by the units we have visited." 

Referring to industrial cooperation between the two countries, Soomro said that 

economic contacts have so far been only at government level. ‘The purpose of this visit 
is to extend tu a to cooperation between the private sector in. Paxistan and Chinese 
Government departments. It is the policy of the Government o% Péikistau that the private 
sector should engage in trade and industrial activities, he said. 

"Tt would very much Like to acquire technology and assistance from China in achieving 
our industrial progress," the minister said. "China and Pakis‘:an have good trade 
relations. I am sure that this visit will increase trade. ‘china has assisted Pakistan 
in many big projects like heavy machinery and foundry and forg.e complexes, a fertilizer 
plant and a number of small projects. The representatives of chambers of industry have 
found a lot of projects that they are interested in. As soon as they return they will 
discuss with their members and then start dialogue with Chine.," Soomro said. 

Saifullah Khan Paracha, president of the Federation of Chambers of Commerce and 
Industry, said he had discussed with his Chinese counterpar!:s mary projects of mutual 
interests, such as food processing, cement and sugar plants and coal-fired thermal 
power stations. He said that when they go home they will t.ell their organizations what 
they have seen in China and make concrete proposals on coo peration through the Ministry 
for Industries. The delegation will leave here for home cin January 16. 


OWL 40232 Beijing XINHUA in English 0222 OMT 14 Jan 84 
(Text! Islamabad, January 13 (XINHUA) -- Soviet troops in Afghanistan have dropped napale 

bombs and used chemical gas in Nader Shah Kowt subdivision of eastern Nanearhar 
Province, destroying a lot of houses and killing 50 civilians. The AGENCY AFCHAY PRESS 
reported today that on January 6, Soviet planes unleashed chemical gas on three villaves 
of Mamoc'r KilLLL, Ahmed Kipli and Pasha Khel [spelling as received]. 50 villagers were 
killed aid ‘rees were burnt to ashes. A mosque was also burnt by napalm bombs. A 
guerrilla ccmmander named Azia ar-Rehman said that bombing of the area continued for many 
days and most of the local population had to move into the mountain caves to 

escape fron chemical and gas and napalm t lames. 

Earlier last year Soviet occupation troops already used chemicals and napalm bombs in 
the said province in violation of the conventions of Geneva. They also used poisonous 
gas at Laghai’ Jou Village in Nader Shah Kowt subdivision, leaving over 60 civilians 
dead . 

OW160452 Beijin,: XINHUA in English 0206 CMT 16 Jan 84 

[Text] Islamabac!, January 15 (XINHUA) -- An agreement providing 70.7 million U.S. 

dollars of relief assistance to Afghan refugees under the 1984 program of the United 
Nations High Comm ssioner for Refugees (UNHCR) was signed here today. The agreement was 
signed by Said Shah, representative of the Covernment of Pakistan, and Alan Simmon, deputy 
director of assist.ince of UNHCR. 

UNHCR has been part:'cipating in the relief assistance program for Afghan refugees since 
1979 on a substantial basis and providing finance both in cash and kind in various sectors. 
UNHCR has its missior’ in Islamabad and suboffices in Peshawar and Quetta for coordi- 
nation and monitoring of the relief assistance program. 

OWO70540 Beijing XINHUA in English 0331 GMT 7 Jan 84 

[Text] Colombo, January 6 (XINHUA) -- A ceremony for the completionof anew mamoty (hoe) 
factory at Yakkla contracted to two Chinese corporations was held in Gampaha, 26 
kilometers northeast of Cc'lombo, this evening. 

Sri Lankan President Junius: Jayewardene, Cabinet ministers and about 2,000 people attended 
the ceremony. Chinese Ambas sador to Sri Lanka Gao E andrepresentatives of the China 
General Electric Corporation and the China Machinery and Equipment Import and Export 
General Corporation were al:io present. In their speeches, the president and the Chinese 
ambassador pointed out that the reconstruction of the factory is another fruitful 

result of the economic and ti2chnical cooperation between Sri Lanka and China. 

The Yakkla factory under the Ceylon State Hardware Corporation had not been operating 
normally for vears due to out--dated equipment and non-maintenance. The hardware 
corporation declared in August, 1981, that it would invite foreign tenders for the 
restructuring of the plant. Cai-roway Fnterprises Limited of Hong Kong won the bid with 
the offer of 1.69 million U.S. dollars and asked the China General Electric Corporation 
to contract the project and und?rtake the responsibility of providing the equipment 

and carrying out installation, t rial production and technical training. The installation 
of equipment started in May last year. The new Yakkla factory was handed over officially 
to the Sri Lankan side yesterday. This is China's second contracting project in Sri 



Zhang Tingta's Fete 
WOK !O, teliiow XINHUA Domestic Service in Chinese 1452 GMT 8 Jan 84 

‘xt! Beljing, & Jam (XINHUA) -- Zhang Tingta, commander of the Chinese PLA Air Force, 
gave «4 banquet tonight at the Great Hall of the People to welcome Air Chief Marshal 
Felt) Willlamsen, chief of staff o° the British Royal Air Force, his wife, and party. 

in his toast, “hane Tineta said that in recent years, with the development of relations 
between China and Britain and betweon the armed forces of the two countries, friendly 

mtacts between the air forces of che two countries have become more frequent, He said 
that Alr Chlet Marshal Willlamson's visit is very useful in enhancing mutual understand- 
ing and triendship between the two sides, 

1 his toast, Willlamson said that relations between Britain and China are good, and that 
the two sides can cooperate in many fields, He telt that the development of cooperation 
between the two sides is at present of particular importance. He expressed the hope that 
sis current visit will help establish .1 relationship of mutual trust, 

\iso attending the banquet were Ma Zhanmin, chief of staff of the PLA Air Force, and 
iiaworthy, charge d'aftfatres ad interim of the British Embassy in Beijing. 

\ir Chief Marshal Williamson arrived in Beijing at noon today, Accompanied by Zhang 
‘ineta, he reviewed a PLA Air Force honor guard at a welcoming ceremony at the PLA Air 
roe Headquarters in the afternoon, 

Meets Yang Dezhi 
OWLO01L290 Belting XINHUA in English 1214 GMT 10 Jan 84 

‘Text | Beljine, January 10 (XINHUA) -- Chief of General Staff of the Chinese People's 
Liberation Army Yane Dezhi met with Air Chief Marshal Sir Keith Williamson, chief of 
the British Roval Air Force, and his party here today. Yang Dezhi extended a welcome 
to the British visitors, believing that the visit would be conducive to deepening rela- 
tions between the armed forces of the two co mtries. 

Speaking of his expertence in China, Sir Keit deseribed an air display he saw in a 
North-China base vesterday as "smooth and with: high precision," The firmness and enthu- 
iam shown by the voung Chinese pilots gave him a deep impression, he added. He said 

believed that the Air FPorees of Britain and China have many things to learn from each 

? ier 

‘ir Keith hosted a dinner here tonight, Among the guests were Zhang Tingfa, commander 
the Chinese Air Force, 

he Pritish visitors are scheduled to leave tome rrow for a tour of Xian, Hangzhou and 


Tours Xian 
K130857 Xian Shaanxi Provincial Service in Manda rin 0500 GMT 13 Jan 84 

ext! Yesterday afternoon, Air Chief Marshal Keit:h Williamson, chief of the British 
toval Air Foree, and his wife, as well as his par: y, ended their visit to Xian. They 
Xian by special plane for Hangzhou, 


Accompanted by (Yao Lin), deputy chlet of the PLA Air Force, and his wife, Air Chlet 
Marshal Williamson, his wite, and his party arrived in Xian on the morning of 11 
lanuary . turing their stay in Xian, Williamson and his party visited Xian's Hongal 
mchinery plant and inspected the Museum of Otn Shi Huang Tomb figures of warriors and 

Leaves Zhejiang tor Shangh ial 
OWL5S2028 Hangzhou. Zhejiang Provincial Service in Mandarin 1030 GMT 14 Jan 84 

(Text | Air Chtet Marshal Sir Keith Williampon, chief of staff of the British Roval Air 
Force, Lady Keith Williamson and his party concluded t'.:eir visits in Hangzhou and left 
Hangzhou for Shanghal by special plane on the afternoon of 14 January, They were seen 
off at the airport by (Li Xin), (Kong Oingwen) and (Yang Bingxin), respectively chief 
ind deputy chief of staff and director of the General Office of the Headquarters of the 
‘hejtang Provinctal Military District, and (Tang Oil Lang), commander of an Air Force 
unit stationed in Hangzhou, 

Air Chief Marshal Williamson, Lady Williamson and his party arrived in Hangzhou from 
Xian by special plane on the afternoon 12 January. On the same evening, Ma Jilaing, 
polittcal commissar of the provincial Military Dist rict, hosted a banquet in honor of 
the distinguished British guests, During their stay in Hangzhou, Air Chief Marshal 
Williamson and his party visited an Air Force unit stationed in Hangzhou and the 
(Doujingsheng) silk mill and toured the West Lake. 

Meets Li Oing 
LDL21523 Beijing XINHUA in English 1324 GMT 12 Jan 84 
[Text | Betjing, January 12 (XINHUA) -- Li Oing, Chinese minister of communications, met 

umd feted G, Carta, Italian minister of mercharit marine, and his party at the Great Hall 
of the People here this evening. 

During the visit, Minister Carta will review with Chinese officials the implementation of 

the maritime transport agreement between the two governments, and discuss with them re- 
irrangement of shipping routes between the tryvo countries and cargo distribution, 

The Italian guests arrived here this afternoor, They are expected to hold talks with 
‘ftictals of the Chinese Ministry of Communications tomorrow. 

Meet:; Li Peng 
OWL 31307 Beijing XINHUA in English 1250 GMT 13 Jan 84 

fext | Beijing, January 13 (XINHUA) -- Chinese Vice-Premier Li Peng met with G, Carta, 
Italian minister of merchant marine, and his party at the Great Hall of the People here 
this afternoon, Li Peng said that Sino-' talian cooperation in maritime transport is 
conducive to bilateral economic and trade relations. He said he hopes that cooperation 
in this area will grow and trade between the two countries will increase, 

Minister Carta conferred with Li Oing, Chinese mininster of communications, earlier this 
morning and met with Zheng Tuobin, vice -minister of foreign economic relations and 
trade, in the afternoon, The Italian guests are scheduled to visit Shanghai in east 


OW1L41854 Belting XINHUA in English 1515 GMT 14 Jan 84 

iText! Belting, ‘anuary 14 (XINHUA) -- A Romanian Government delegation flew here this 
afternoon to discuss matters related to the signing of a protocol on exchange of goods 
and payment between the Governments of China and Romania for 1984. Led by Vasile Pungan, 
minister of toreign trade and international economic cooperation, the delegation has come 
at the invitation of China's Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade. 

Chen Muhua Fetes Group 
OWL51L522 Beijing XINHUA in English 1454 GMT 15 Jan 84 

[Text] Beijing, ‘anuary 15 (XINHUA) -- Chen Muhua, state councillor and minister of 
foreign economic relations and trade, gave a banquet for a Romanian Government delega- 
tion led by Vasile Pungan, minister of foreign trade and international economic cooper- 
ation here this evening. In her toast, Chen Muhua said during their talks this after- 
noon, both sides expressed the common desire to expand trade between the two countries. 
She appreciated the positive and realistic approach adopted in the talks, she added. 

Minister Pungan said his country attaches great importance to its cooperative relations 
with China and is also willing to increase bilateral cooperation in trade and in the 
economic, scientific and technical fields in line with the principle of mutual benefit 
and mutual aid. 

OWO70734 Beijing XINHUA in English 0721 GMT 7 Jan 84 

[Text] Beijing, January 7 (XINHUA) -- Chinese State Councillor Song Ping today called for 
joint efforts to increase bilateral trade between China and the Democratic Republic of 
Germany. He said: “We hope the two countries would also expand cooperation in commun- 
ications, energy and the transformation of old enterprises." Song Ping made these re- 
marks at a meeting with a delegation from the Chamber of Foreign Trade [CFT] of G.D.R. 
led by Chairman Otto Weitkus. 

Weitkus told the host that G.D.R. is interested in expanding trade and cooperation in 
various industrial sectors with China. This morning, Weitkus and vice-chairman of the 
China Couneil for the Promotion of International Trade Zheng Hongye signed a cooperative 
agreement betweenthe C.F.T. andthe C.C.P.1.T. 

inder the agreement, the two organizations will help enterprises and personnel of each 
country to conduct scientific and technical exchanges on the items of common interest, 
thus promoting the development of trade and economic cooperation. The two sides will 
also assist in exchanging economic and trade delegations and technical study groups and 
holding technical and trade exhibitions in each country. 

The visitors also held talks with officials of China's Ministries of Coal Industry and 
Foreign Economic Relations and Trade and the State Economic Commission after their arriv- 
al in Beijing January 5. They will leave here tomorrow for a tour of Fushun and Tianjin, 
where they are scheduled to visit an open-cut mine and Xingang Port. 

lo Jan 84 CHINA K ] 


_—*s**-cec 8 we ese ee ee — — =e ~— «+ -———se es — 

HK 140604 Beijing BAN YUE TAN in Chinese No 23, 10 Dec 83 pp 7-8 
|Commentator's article: "It Is Not the Case That ‘It Has Come Again'"| 

[text] The preparatory study for party rectification has already begun. A vast number 
of party members are now conscientiously studying the documents concerning party recti- 
fication to acquire a comprehensive understanding and make preparations for the next 
stage of party rectification. Along with the study of documents, our comrades on the 
ideological tront are also engaging in the drive to oppose and eliminate spiritual 
pollution. The broad masses of party members have full confidence in the current party 
rectification and in the future of the party and the country. 

Nevertheless, a small number of comrades still have doubts and misgivings and they have 
asked in anxiety: "Has it come again?" They worry that the "party rectification and 
anti-rightist movement" which took place in 1957 will recur and they worry that the 
kind of "political movement" in which ruthless struggle was waged, merciless blows were 
dealt, and everybody worried about his own safety will appear again. 

Such worries are understandable but groundless. The first reason is that our party 

has correctly summed up past experience and lessons. Having made a decision to discard 
the slogan of “taking class struggle as the key link," the 3d Plenary Session of the 
lith CPC Central Committee adopted the strategy of shifting the focal point of work to 
socialist modernization. In the "Resolution on Certain Questions in the History of Our 
Party Since the Founding of the PRC," adopted by the 6th Plenary Session of the llth 
CPC Central Committee, it is clearly stipulated: ‘We must never deviate from this 
focus, except in the event of a large-scale invasion by the foreign enemy (and even 
then it will still be necessary to carry on such economic construction as wartime 
conditions require and permit). On this premise, our party has drawn correct conclu- 
sions from past experience and lessons regarding how to handle various relations within 
the party and among the people and how to unfold ideological struggle. 

The second reason is that all party members and people throughout the country suffered 
much in the turmoil of the "Great Cultural Revolution,” and what happened remains fresh 
in their memory. The broad masses of people will certainly unanimously rise up against 
whoever "provokes revolution in total disregard of the party committee," makes 
exaggerated criticism, wages ruthless scruggle, deals merciless blows, undermines 
socialist modernization, and tries to upset the political situation of stability and 

the third reason is that the decision on party rectification formulated at the 2d 
Plenary Session of the 12th CPC Central Committee has clearly stated the tasks, poli- 
cles, steps, and methods for party rectification. The basic method to be used in the 
current party rectification is to carry out criticism and self-criticism based on a 
conscientious study of documents concerned and the enhancement of ideological under- 
standing to distinguish right from wrong, correct mistakes, and purify our organizations 
Throughout the course of the party rectification, it is necessary to strengthen 
ideological education to enhance ideological understanding among the broad masses of 
party members. The "decision" definitely declares that the current party rectification 
would deal only with those problems within our party. Besides, it is also stipulated 

in the "decision": "All problems in the party rectification must be solved through 
discussion by the party organizations concerned. One is not allowed to repeat the 
wrong practice of ‘party rectification by the masses,’ which means the masses who are 
not party members decide on party issues." The “decision” has paid attention to guard- 
ing against carrving out party rectification in a perfunctory manner as well as guarding 
against the past practice of ruthless struggle and merciless blows. 

l, 16 Jan 84 b 



Ot course, we should always keep a clear head. In the entire process of party recti- 
fication, we should go about things in accordance with the guideline and methods con- 
cerning party rectification proposed by the CPC Central Committee. We should constantly 
pay attention to carrying forward the tine tradition of the party and to avoiding past 
mistakes. In the meantime, we should watch out for some people who try to fish in 
troubled waters and seduce us to commit mistakes by hook or by crook. As long as we do 
this, we will ensure the healthy development of party rectification work, We will use 
tacts to dispel misgivings of a small number of comrades about whether "it has come 

Some comrades asked: Why should we advocate the elimination of spiritual pollution 
while carrying out party rectification? 

One of the purposes of the party rectification is to unify our thinking. Without 

unified thinking, it will be impossible for us to take concerted action and to enhance 
our combat effectiveness. To unify our thinking, we should eliminate spiritual pollu- 
tion. To party organizations which are working on the ideological front, the elimina- 

tion of spiritual polllution is an important content of party rectificetion. The spir- 
itual pollution which we mention here is a problem inside the party, which belongs 

to contradictions within the ranks of the people. Obscene books, paintings, recording 
tapes, and videotapes which are created, sold, and spread by criminal elements are a 
kind of pollution, a toxic pollution. Since all these are considered criminal behavior, 

‘hose who engage in them should be punished according to law. All these should not be 
contused with spiritual pollution among our comrades. 

To eliminate spiritual pollution, we should strengthen ideological education. We 
should first organize party members, party member cadres in particular, to conscienti- 
ously study Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong Thought and the documents for party rectifica- 
tion to enhance their ideological understanding. Apart from that, we should carry 

out serious and proper criticism and self-criticism to make a clear distinction between 
right and wrong, and cure the sickness to save the patient. We should achieve the 
two-fold objective of clarity in ideology and unity among comrades. 

Carrying out ideological education and conducting criticism and self-criticism is a 

fine tradition of our party. Carrying out party rectification and eliminating spiri- 
tual pollution is not and should not be regarded as a campaign of “making people suffer.’ 
It is not the case that "it has come again." Carrying out party rectification and 
eliminating spiritual pollution is a restoration of the party's fine tradition of ideo- 
logical education, criticism, and self-criticism. 


OW130009 Beijing Domestic Service in Mandarin 0200 GMT 12 Jan 84 

(text ] On 12 January, JIEFANGJUN BAO published a commentator's article entitled 
"Conduct Studv, Discussions and Party Rectification and Correct Errors Simultaneously." 
fhe article says: Conducting study, discussions and party rectification and correcting 
errors simultaneously to closely integrate theory with practice is a way to develop 

and apply our party's revolutionary style of study unde. the new historical conditions. 

The article stresses: In short, it is necessary to correct errors in order to facili- 
tate study, discussions and party rectification. At present the focus of our study, 
discussions, party rectification and efforts to correct errors is on correcting the 

evil practice of seeking private interests through abuse of power and job facilities as 
well as on correcting the bureaucratic style marked by irresponsibility to the party and 
the people. 

[. 16 Jan 84 K 3 CHINA 

In other words, efforts to rectify party style must yield results. Through study, dis- 
cussion, party rectification and correction of errors at the same time, we should 
eftectively bolster party members' confidence and enhance their consciousness in carry- 
ing out party rectification; understand, through discussion, the trends of important 
issues to be solved by their respective units; and settle these issues one by one. Only 
in this way can we avoid perfunctoriness in party rectification, greatly enhance the 
party's prestige, improve its image and increase its reputation, 

Conducting study, discussion and party rectification and correcting errors simultane- 
ously is an important principle that should be implemented in its entirety in the course 
of studying documents. We should thoroughly study the documents on party rectification, 
completely master their spiritual essence and achieve unity in understanding the basic 
principles, tasks and policies in party rectification. The masses will judge whether we 
are determined or perfunctory in party rectification by the overall outcome of party 
rectification, but they also base their judgment on whether we can now conduct study, 
discussion and party rectification and correct errors at the same time. They do not 
like people who only verbally reassert their attitudes. One single deed outweighs 

10 empty phrases. From now on, if we could make a few breaktrhoughs by satisfactorily 
solving the problems of utmost concern to the masses which bear universal significance, 
we would lift the peoples’ spirits, make overall progress and create a new situation in 
party rectification. 

The article says: A powerful leading body and exemplary conduct of leading cadres are a 
kev to etfectively conducting party rectification and correcting errors simultaneously. 
fhe pertinent problems will be thoroughly handled to yield good results only if the 
leaders observe party spirit and principles and dare to tackle tough issues. Every 
leading cadre engaged in party rectification should strictly analyze himself and be bold 
to sincerely and realistically criticize his own shortcomings and mistakes as well as 
those of other leading cadres. The current emphasis is on rectifying work style, solv- 
ing the problems of bureaucratism and seeking private interests through power abuse. 

Our leading cadres should demonstrate their consciousness in these areas accordingly. 


HK121446 Beijing GUANGMING RIBAO in Chinese 23 Dec 83 p l 

[Article by Deng Liqun: "Propaganda Workers Must Maintain a Clear Head" -- based on his 
speech at the central party school on 4 June 1983 and carried in first issue of LILUN 
YUFKAN [THEORETICAL MONTHLY] published by the central party school] 

{Text] In reality, the propaganda work we are talking about includes the party's entire 
ideological and propaganda work. It is an important field of work related to the situa- 
tion as a whole. Comrade Chen Yun once said: Whether or not a good job has been per- 
formed in economic work and in propaganda work greatly concerns whether or not the 
economic situation and the politicial situation can achieve a stable development. This 
has thus placed propaganda work in the new era on a footing of strategic importance. It 
has driven us to the need of constantly maintaining a clear head so that our propaganda 
work can conform with the demands of the development of socialist modernized construc- 
tion and also with the demands of the party's work and the vast masses of people. 

In maintaining a clear head, it is most important to have a correct understanding and 
erasp of the party's road, guidelines, and policies and to know the general political 
situation, thereby truly maintaining a unanimity in politics with the party Central 
Committee. Since the 3d Plenary Session of the llth CPC Central Committee, a series of 
important policies have been formed by the party in accordance with a firm insistence 
on the Marxist ideological line of starting from reality, linking theory with reality, 
being practical and realistic, and examining truth and development it in practice. The 

I. 16 Jan 84 K 4 CHINA 

all-round development of a new situation of socialist modernized construction concerns 
the basic interests of the people of the various nationalities of the country and, in 
fact, the country's general political situation. Our propaganda work must firmly abide 
by the spirit of the l2th CPC National Congress and must not be against it. Our propa- 
ganda workers must in great warmth propagate the spirit of the 12th congress and must in 
no way overtly agree but covertly oppose it. There is little doubt that realization of 
the four modernizations requires advanced equipment and technology and a continuously 
improving economic mechanism and so on, and that in these spheres a large amount of 
tedious and difficult work has yet to be done. 

However, it should be noted that ideological and political work is the lifeline of 
economic work and all other work. Only in performing ideological and political work 
well, raising the patriotic, socialist, and communist ideas and consciousness of the 
people, and arousing a high degree of revolutionary warm feelings and spirit of respon- 
sibility among the people can we perform other lines of work well and realize the 
gigantic and strategic targets of our party and state. Naturally, strengthening politi- 
cal and ideological work is the job of the entire party and the responsibility of each 
and every communist party member, member of the Communist Youth League, and cadre of the 
state, but, first and foremost, it is a responsibility that cannot be shirked by the 
propaganda workers. Comrades of the various departments of propaganda work, including 
theoretical workers, literary and art workers, educational workers, publishing workers, 
and news workers, must all improve their understanding, perform ideological and politi- 
cal work well, and turn out good products that have fighting power, are convincing, and 
can attract and influence people. They should publish these good products, enthusias- 
tically propagate the four basic principles, the four political guarantees, the party's 
road, guidelines, and policies, and the people's creative spirit and their spirit of 
sacrifice in carrving out socialist construction and, concurrently with firm insistence 
on building a high degree of material civilization, strengthen the building of socialist 
spiritual civilization. It is necessary to keep a cool head, to adopt an analytical 
attitude for all things and to cultivate the habit of making analyses. In Marxism, 
thoroughgoing materialism and thoroughgoing dialectics are organically linked together. 
In talking about the cultivation of a habit of making analyses, we mean that we must 
employ the viewpoint of materialist dialectics to look at problems. This is also the 
scientific method advocated by Comrade Mao Zedong. Addressing the national propaganda 
work conference held in March 1957, Comrade Mao Zedong said: "The analytical method is 
a dialectical method. So-called analysis is the analysis of the contradictions of 
things." (Footnote 1) ("Selected Works of Mao Zedong," Vol 5, p 413) Only in adopting 
a practical and realistic attitude of mind in making a concrete analysis of things can 
one-sidedness be avoided and can there be a correct understanding of complex social 
phenomena, without distorting the original appearance of objective things. 

For example, in daily life we come across this theory and that theory. It must be 
admitted that things against one's wishes are many and repetitious and usually remain so 
for some time. People's talk and discontent in general can be looked at from two sides. 
On the one hand, just as Stalin mentioned, if we fail to consider the changes to the 
workers and peasants on account of the development of socialist construction enterprises, 
then we cannot command leadership over the masses. "Following the enhancement of the 
enthusiasm of the working class and the raising to a higher plane of their demands, the 
workers have become more sensitive to the defects in our work and they are more rigid in 
their demands." (Footnote 2) ("Complete Works of Stalin," Vol 9, p 143) This illus- 
trates that our party's work and our socialist construction have progressed forward. 

Our exising problems and the various sorts of discontent among the people should be 
mainly interpreted on this score. 

Il. 16 Jan 84 K 5 CHINA 

At the same time, there are truly problems on the other side. As the situation develops, 

various sorts of people will speak out and various sorts of ideas and thought will be 
expressed. At the present moment, although the exploiting class has vanished as a 
class and class struggle is no longer the main contradiction, the influences of the 

thoughts of the exploiting class and of the non-proletariat cannot follow the change in 
the social structure and vanish in rapid order. Moreover, just as pointed out in the 
party's "Resolution on Certain Historical Problems Since the Founding of the PRC," "due 
to domestic factors and international influence, class struggle will continue to exist 
within a certain limit for a prolonged period in the country and, under certain condi- 
tions, may become intensified." It should be clearly seen that even among the erroneous 
and one-sided theories and viewpoints, by far the great majority pertain to the problem 
of thought-understanding and are of a benign nature. We should in real earnest listen 
to the views of various sides. We should humbly accept all criticisms that are in the 
right and should, in turn, earnestly improve our work. As for criticisms that are not 
right, we should explain the state of affairs concerned. Naturally, this does not dis- 
count the possibility of the existence of hostile elements in the social structure who 
villify and distort our party's guidelines and policies and resort to various tactics 
to attack the four basic principles and attempt to shake and overthrow our country's 
socialist regime. 

At present, on the whole, the situation is a good one. New developments have cropped 
up unceasingly. We must constantly notice and study new conditions and new problems. 
However, hostile elements and the influence of corrupt houghts of other non-proletarian 
elements still exist. Comrade Deng Xiaoping has said: "The opening up of external 
relations will mean the infiltration of the corrupt things of capitalism, and the 
extent to which we should enliven the domestic economy will also be a problem." 
(Footnote 3) ("Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping," p 364) This is advice to us that the 
more we open up our external relations, the more we enliven our domestic economic, and 
the more we proceed with various reforms, the more we must insist on abiding by the 
basic principles of Marxism and maintain the purity of communism. As for the new condi- 
tions and problems that have arisen, we must also make an intensive investigation and 
study of them and adopt a concrete analytical attitude and not a blind attitude. Con- 
cerning the new-born things of socialism and progressive things, we must give them full 
and warm support. Nonetheless, we must still be on the lookout against the use of the 
cloak of "new things" as a disguise to sell antiquated and corrupt wares. Things 

that look "new'' may not all be new-born things of socialism. 

On the thought and theoretical front and on the literary and art front, rather enormous 
results have been achieved in the past few years. This has played a positive role in 
the restoration of order out of chaos, in socialist modernized construction, and in the 
entire work of our party, and indeed must be confirmed. But there are still many prob- 
lems in existence, and some of the problems are rather serious ones. Among a very 
small minority of people are individual Communist Party members who, hoisting the ban- 
ner of "thoroughgoing thought liberation," are opposed to Marxism and Mao Zedong Thought, 
the socialist system, the party's leadership, and the people's democratic dictatorship. 
Some people have gambled for "strange things" from the West, but what they have gained 
were rotten things and things which had already beencriticized by Marxism. They put on 
these things the label of "new ideas," allowing them to spread bad and rotten air among 
people, to pollute and poison people's hearts and souls, to disrupt people's thought, 
and generally to harm the construction of socialist material civilization and spiritual 
civilization. The articles and propaganda materials on so-called "Marxist humanism" 
and “socialist alienation" have already generated very unhealthy influences. In par- 
ticular, their pessimistic influence on a portion of the youngsters and students has 
been great. 

I. 16 Jan 84 K 6 CHINA 

All the comrades among us engaging in propaganda work have the responsibility of 
adopting a Marxist-Leninist attitude, earnestly analyzing the various kinds of erroneous 
thought patterns, and striving to eliminate spiritual pollution so that our youths and 
other constituents of society may gradually evolve into socialist workers who are imbued 
with theright tdeology and are virtuous, cultured, and able to abide by discipline, 

In order to maintain a clear hec i, propaganda workers must devote the utmost efforts to 
learning, particularly studying the basic theories of Marxism and Mao Zedong Thought. 

A follower of communism should regard theories highly. As a member of the Communist 
Party, one should maintain unanimity in politics with the party Central Committee, and 
to maintain this unanimity, learning is essential. In particular, comrades doing 
propaganda work are bound to meet with many theoretical problems, ideological problems 
and practical problems every day. If they are not fully prepared in the theoretical 
field, they will be unable to discern many problems, to analyze them, or to correctly 
propagate the party's road, guidelines, and policy. The party Central Committee has 
designated the study of the "Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping" as a means to unify the 
thought ot the whole party, to prepare thought for party rectification. This is an 
exceedingly important measure. The "Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping" centrally demon- 
strates the new successes of our party in firmly insisting on and developing Mao Zedong 
Thought under the new historical conditions. Propaganda workers should first of all 
earnestly study and study this book well, understand its basic thought, and grasp 

its stand, viewpoint, and method; otherwise, they will not be able to perform their own 
work well. 

Propaganda work itself is rather complex and meticulous. It may involve many problems, 
Much skill its required to achieve good results in propaganda work. Propaganda workers 
and ideological and political workers are the architects of the soul of mankind. They 
help people to formulate the world outlook vf dialectical materialism and historical 
materialism. This is a branch of learning well worth learning throughout life and, as 
an enterprise, is good for us to take as a lifelong career. It is an indivisible part 
of the whole party structure. In the course of China's revolution, thousands of our 
predecessors in revolution have sacrificed their lives. We must constantly think of 
them and learn from their spirit. If only we can firmly believe in communism's 
inevitable victory and display the spirit of sacrifice for the sake of communist enter- 
prises, was can surely overcome all difficulties, perform our work well, and make 
contributions to the people. 


HK121148 Beijing RENMIN RIBAO in Chinese 10 Jan 84 p 1 

{Commentator's article: "The Work To Popuiarize Science and Technology Must Keep Abreast 
of the New Rural Situation"] 

[Text] A number of advanced collectives and individuals that have made important con- 
tributions to work in popularizing science and technology in agriculture and forestry 
are commended and awarded prizes by the state. This is a matter of great significance 
in the agricultural field. It will inevitably promote the work in popularizing science 
and technology and the further development of the rural economy. 

Since the system of contracted responsibilities with payment linked to output was 
implemented in the vast rural areas of our country, the situation has grown better 
and better with each passing year. Great achievements have been made in implementing 
policies and in popularizing science and technology, too. 

I. 16 Jan 84 K 7 CHINA 

Of course, as is clear to everybody, the rapid growth in agricultural production is 
chietly because of the power of policy, and the power of policy will still be tremendous 
in the days to come. However, from a long-term point of view, the future of agriculture 
in our country lies in technological transformation; still greater potentialities of 
agriculture are yet to be exploited by science and technology. When we are implementing 
varions policies of the party concerning the rural areas, it is imperative for us to attach 
still greater importance to the spreading of science and technology in the rural areas. 

The work to popularize science and technology in the rural areas is an important component 
part of work in agricultural science and technology. If new technological results are 

to be converted into productive force, there needs to be a tie and a bridge, and this ts 
work in popularizing science and technology. Ocherwise, advanced as it is, technology 
will not be converted into realistic produc.ive force. Any views that look down upon work 
in popularizing science and technology are wrong. 

At the national conference on agricultural work convened before the new year, leading 
comrades at the central level pointed out: "The rural areas of our country are in the 
course of developing from a self-sufficient and semi-self-sufficient economy to commodity 
production on a large scale. This is the maintrend and the general background of the 
economic activities engaged in by the Chinese peasants of the 1980's." Workers who 
engage in popularizing agricultural science and technology should adapt themselves 

to this new situation in the rural areas, profoundly understand this general background 
and that the principal contribution of the peasants to socialist modernization is to 
provide more and better commodities to the cauntry. The spreading of science and 
technological results should not be focused on agricultural production only, attention 
should also be attached to the needs of newly developed industries such as fodder, 
foodstuff processing, building materials, and small-type energy resources. Still more 
important for us is to change our perception of taking only production into consideration, 
with no regard to the circulation of commodities. We should unfold the work in spreading 
the breadth of technology in the field: of processing, storing. and shipping and measures 

to be taken before and after production. It is essential for leadership at various 

levels and workers engaged in spreading science and technology to follow closely the 
chaneine situation and incessantly studv and solve the new tonics put forth in practice 
to brine into plays still greater power in the work of spreading agricultural science and 

In order to suit the new situation of the rural areas, it is necessary to carry out needed 
reform in the work of spreading science and technology in the various aspects of struc- 
ture. svstem. policies. and measures. In recent years, while the specialized contingent 
of science and technology has been strengthened to some extent, there has gradually 
appeared in the rural areas a grand contingent of 4 million peasant technicians and 
households engaged in the study of science and technology and flexible and varfied forms 
in spreading science and technology. What is worth our particular attention is the 
setting up of centers of popularizing science and technology and the implementation of 
various forms of the svstem of contracted responsibilities with technology. The former 
links exemplary experiments and training with the work to popularize science and tech- 
nology, with remarkable results, and is warmly welcomed by the masses. The latter 
utilizes the form of contract and economic means, linking closely with the authorities, 
responsibilities, and advantages of both parties so that the spreading of technology will 
be carried out on a sound basis. It is necessary for us to spread these new experiences, 
suiting measures to local conditions, to continuously carry out reform thoroughly to 
strengthen the culture, training, and improvement of the contingent of science and 

lI. 16 Jan 84 K 8 CHINA 

to untold varitied torms of rendering service in technology, and to gradually establish 
a system ot spreading science and technology which conforms with the conditions of our 
rural areas and is tlexible, easy to reach in all its channels, and highly efficient. 

OW1L50622 Beijing XINHUA Domestic Service in Chinese 1237 GMT 14 Jan 84 
(XINHUA Commentator's article: "We Need Speed, But We Need Economic Results Even More"] 

[Text] Beijing, 14 Jan (XINHUA) -- China has scored spectacular achievements in indus- 
trial production during 1983. China's 1983 national industrial output value and the output 
value of some its major industrial products have not only exceeded its 1983 plan but also 
fulfilled, 2 vears ahead of schedule the target set for 1985 in China's Sixth Five-Year 
Plan. This inspiring event has made people realize: China is able to develop its industry 
and agriculture tairly rapidly. It is able to fulfill comprehensively the various 

targets set by the Sixth Five-Year Plan in these fields and thus achieve its magnificant 
goal of quadrupling its gross annual value of industrial and agricultural production 

by the end of this century. 

Naturally, we should not overestimate the achievements we have already scored in indus- 
tirl production. Right now, some of our light industrial products are still not 

readily marketable, while some high-quality and famous-brand products are still in short 
supply. Energy and some industrial materials, which have already fulfilled the targets 
set by the Sixth Five-Year Plan, are still far from satisfying our needs. Also, the 
economic results in producing either light or heavy industrial products are still quite 
unsatisfactory and far frommeeting the requirements set by the Sixth Five-Year Plan. 

For example, let us talk about an important index of economic results -- the production 
cost of comparable products. The Sixth Five-Year Plan requires that state-run enter- 
prises in China reduce their production costs by 1 to 2 percent a year. However, this 
index actually rose in 1983 and 1982 instead of dropping. Production costs in the first 
Ll months in 1983 were only reduced by 0.4 percent as compared with the corresponding 
period in 1982. Many enterprises have also failed to fulfill some targets set by the Sixt 
Five-Year Plan for economic results such as improving production quality, reducing 
energy consumption and raising the rate of utilization of rolled steel, the rate of 
productivity, as well as the turnover rate of circulating funds. Some enterprises, have 
ben retrogressed. The profits and taxes for each 100-yuan of capital in industrial 
production totalled 24.8 yuan in 1980. That was reduced to about 23.5 yuanin 1982, and 
it was also reduced in 1983. This situation merits our full attention. 

Our past experience tells us: We cannot talk about economic results without taking 
the speed of development into consideration. Nor can we concentrate just on speed of 
development while ignoring economic results. Some of the enterprises have high pro- 
duction output, but their production quality is poor. Two or three such enterprises are 
not as good as oneturning out high-quality products. Their contributions to society 
are not necessarily higher than those that turn out fewer but finer quality products. 
Production costs of some enterprises are 100 percent or higher than those of an 
advanced enterptise, but the higher their rate of growth, the greater their wastes 
are in social wealth, such as energy, raw and other materials. As for those enter- 
prises that turn out unmarketable products and whose products are being stockpiled 

in warehous2:3 as soon as they leave factories, they are, of course, not helpful,but 


I. 16 Jan 84 K 9 CHINA 

In this regard, we have committed some errors in doing our economic work and suffered 

a great deal, In recent years, we have made some progress in improving economic results, 
However, we have not tundamentally changed much, In reviewing our 1983 achievements in 
industrial production, we believe that leading cadres at all levels and the broad masses 
of workers in our industrial departments will soberly understand this point and will in 
no way teel conceited just because our total industrial output value and some of our pro- 
ducts have fulfilled, ahead of schedule, the quantitative targets set by the Sixth Five- 
Year Plan, During the new year, we must redouble our efforts to improve economic re- 
sults, and strive to fulfill, in an overall manner, the various targets set by the Sixth 
Five-Year Plan in increasing the tempo of development and improving economic results. 

In short, we need speed, but we need economic results even more, 

OW141228 Beijing XINHUA in English 1213 GMT 14 Jan 84 

[Text] Beijing, January 14 (XINHUA) -- China's 1983 industrial output value chalked up a 
record of 614.7 billion yuan, an increase of 10.2 percent over 1982, according to pre- 
liminary figures released by the State Statistical Bureau tolay. This 1983 industrial 
output value has exceeded the target of 605 billion yuan set for 1985 in China's Sixth 
Five-Year Plan, The average annual growth rate between 1°31 and 1983 was 7.3 percent, 
far above the projected annual growth rate of four to five percent for the five-year 

The output value of light ind ‘ry last year was 298 billion yuan, 8.4 percent more than 
in 1982 while that of heavy industry was 309.6 billion yuan for a growth rate of 12.1 
percent, The ratio between light and heavy industrial output value was 49.6 to 50.4. 
The annual quotas for 86 major products were fulfilled or overfulfilled while the produc- 
tion of varns, chemical fiber fabrics, radios and large tractors were restricted. The 
output of 33 products hit the targets originally set for 1985, They included steel, pig 
iron, rolled steel, chemical fertilizer, sulphuric acid, caustic soda, plastics, cement, 
paper, paper board, washing machines and tape recorders. The Statistical Bureau said 
that in 1983 China's industry turned out more marketable products. Sales of building 
materials, metallurgical products and chemicals, small farm machines and implements, 
chemical fertilizer, highly efficient pesticides with low toxic residue and machinery 
were brisk. Most of the light industrial goods and electronic products registered brisk 

Quality and variety also improved, the bureau said. According to a survey of 75 products 
the quality of 64 of them showed some improvement or remained at the same level as in 
1982. More than 500 products were awarded gold or silver medals by the state. The pro- 
fits and taxes delivered to the state by enterprises covered by the state budget in the 
first Ll months increased 6.5 percent over the same period of last year, The deficits 
reported by state enterprises running at a loss in the first 11 months were 30.6 percent 
less than in the same period of 1982, The all-employee productivity grew 7.7 percent 
and the time rcguiced for working capital turnover was reduced by 5.4 percent. The 
volume of cargo handled by railways in 1983 increased 4.5 percent and that of passengers 
rose 6.3 percent. The plans for transporting coal, grain, chemical fertilizer and other 
major materials were overfulfilled. The annual targets for handling were also met. The 
industrial situation in 1983 was on the whole good, said the Statistical Bureau. But 
the economic results were still not satisfactory. Energy and industrial materials were 
still in short supply and transportation remained to be improved. 

[ | 44 K 10 
OW1L60255 ,ing XINHUA Domestic Service in Chinese 0924 GMT 15 Jan 84 


[Text] Beljing, 15 Jan (XINHUA) == Preliminary statistics compiled by the State Sta- 
tistical Bureau show that the 1985 targets for the output of 33 major industrial goods 

set in the Sixth 5-Year Plan were met in 1985, or 2 years ahead of time. 

of the statistics follows: 


Dressed coal 
Crude oil 

Natural gas 
Pig iron 


Rolled steel 
Coking Coal 

Organic Coke 
‘Ll Jiao 2623 3542) 

Copper (Note: The 1985 target for copper set in the Sixth 5-Year Plan has 

Lron pyrites 

Rock phosphate 
Sulfuric acid 
Caustic soda 
Synthetic ammonia 
Chemical fertilizer 
Nitrogen fertilizer 
Phosphate fertilizer 

Chemical drugs 


700 million 
metric tons 

51 million 
metric tons 
100 million 
metric tons 

LO billion 
cubic meters 
70 billion kWh 
million metric 

39 million 
metric tons 
29.3 million 
metric tons 


million metric 


6.75 million 
metric tons 
L1.7 million 
metric tons 
8.1 million 
metric tons 
2.1 million 
metric tons 
15.8 million 
metric tons 
13.4 million 
metric tons 
10.55 million 
metric tons 
2.8 million 
metric tons 
65,000 metric 

47,000 metric 

Actual Output 

700.33 million 
metric tons 
54.3 million 
metric tons 
105.99 million 
metric tons 
11.9 billion 
cubic meters 
85 billion kWh 
37.42 million 
metric tons 

39.95 million 
metric tons 
30.69 million 
metric tons 

34.44 million 
metric tons 

7.08 million 
metric tons 
12.83 million 
metric tons 
8.65 million 
metric tons 
2.13 million 
metric tons 
16.76 million 
metric tons 
14.03 million 
metric tons 
11.13 million 
metric tons 
2.87 million 
metric tons 
77,000 metric 

51,000 metric 


Percentage of Average 
Annual Increase or 
Decrease During 
1981-83 Period, with 
1980 as Base 



also been 











lh Jan 84 


Artificial board 


Metal-cutting machine 


Walking tractors 
Internal combustion 

Tape recorders 

Home -use 
washing machines 

Woolen varn 

Machine-made paper 
and paperboard 

Plastic products 

8.5 million 
1.05 million 
metric tons 
1.2 million 
cuble meters 
98 million 
metric tons 

100,000 units 
200,000 units 
280,000 units 
(commodity 20 
million hp 
4.5 million 

3.5 million 

90,000 metric 

6 million 

metric tons 
1.55 million 
metric tons 


12.64 million 
1.12 million 
metric tons 
1.29 million 
cubic meters 
106.44 million 
metric tons 

118,000 units 
239,000 units 
478,000 units 
28.93 million hp 

4.81 million 

3.64 million 

99,600 million 

6.35 million 
metric tons 
1.81 million 
metric tons 


HK160646 Beijing RENMIN RIBAO in Chinese 13 Jan 84 p 2 

|Commentator's article: 

Measures" | 







"We Must Persist in Educating the Peasants by Positive 

[Text] The 800 million peasants feel happy and work and live in peace and contentment. 

This is so important to the country. 

In recent years, with the successive bumper harvests 

and gradual improvements in living conditions, the peasants have been exultant. They 
have a greater faith in the party's leadership and love socialism more. A stable and 
united situation with an enlivened economy, which has been absent for many years, has 

emerged in the rural areas. 

tion. We must value it and strive to maintain it. 

To be sure, not all things in the rural areas are as good as we wish them to be. 
are still some negative factors in some areas. 

It is not so easy to bring about such an excellent situa- 


For example, some people occupy culti- 

vated land and build houses by force, seize public property, and run illegal under- 
takings; in some areas, unhealthy tendencies such as feudal superstition, gambling, 
theft, robbery, mercenary marriages, and so on are quite serious; some grassroots cadres 
seek personal gains by capitalizing on their powers or try to make money by illegal 

means. In handling these problems, attention should be paid to drawing distinctions in 

accordance with the party's policy. 

It is necessary to adopt a cautious attitude in 

solving them. As for the problems which concern the peasants, aside from the very few 
cases of violation of the law and criminal offenses which must be handled according to 
the law, most are cases of contradictions between the advanced and the backward and 
between what is right and what is wrong, which are problems of ideology and understand- 

ing among the people. 

adopt brutal, coercive, or oppressive measures. 

In handling these problems among the people, we absolutely cannot 
Neither the violent "repeated 

struggles," such as those waged during the 10 years of turmoil, nor the method of 

"repeated deduction of payment,’ 

that is, the method of imposing fines, will do. By 

doing this, the peasants will be forced to do something of which they are not convinced 

and confusion will result. 

If we try to solve the problem of ideology and understanding 

lL. 16 Jan 84 K 1? CHINA 

by launching movements, outwardly we look vigorous. In effect, it is like the rain 
which wets the topsoil, The problem is not really solved. This has been proven by 
practice in past years. 

Recently, the CPC Central Committee decided not to raise the slogan of eliminating 
spiritual pollution in the rural areas. This decision was made by considering the 
elimination of spiritual pollution as principally an effort to solve the problems on 
the theoretical and literature and art fronts. In addition, the problems of avoiding 
misunderstanding in the rural areas and of preventing people from spreading doubt about 
the party's rural policy by taking the advantage of the elimination of spiritual pollu- 
tion, copying the past "leftist" way of solving the peasants' ideological problems, 
causing ideological contusion, or causing losses in production and construction have 
also been considered. Leading comrades at all levels in the rural areas should not 
relax their ideological and political work in the rural areas simply because the slogan 
ot eliminating spiritual pollution is not raised there. They should strengthen their 
ideological and political work in the rural areas. In addition to unceasingly develop- 
ing the economy and improving living conditions, they should educate the peasants in 
patriotism and socialism by means accpetable to the masses. They should also educate 
them to take the state, collective, and individual into consideration at the same time 
and strenethen the work to popularize general education and scientific and technological 
knowledge so that more and more peasants will become new peasants with lofty ideals, 
moral integrity, education, and a sense of discipline. This is an important task in 
building a socialist spiritual civilization. 

in handling the problems concerning the peasants’ ideological understanding, we must 
insist on positive education, teach them with skill and patience, sort out problems for 
them, guide them, and let the peasants observe, think, make comparisons, and practice 
on their own so that they can improve their understanding and distinguish what is right 
trom what is wrong. In recent years, various parts of the country have come up with 
many good methods for giving the peasants positive education under the new circumstances. 
For example, we can launch the "five stresses, four beauties, and three loves" drive, 
draw up rules and write pledges, appraise the "five good" families through comparison, 
build centers for cultural activities, establish science and technology popularization 
stations, build civility villages, and so on. All these methods are effective. In the 
new year, we should devote more effort to this work. In addition to giving impetus to 
building material civilization, we should enthusiastically build spiritual civilization 
so that greater achievements will be made in building the two civilizations. 


OW160638 Beijing XINHUA Domestic Service in Chinese 0255 GMT 16 Jan 84 

Text] Beijing, 16 Jan (XINHUA) -- The China History Society held the opening ceremony 
of the colloquium on the 60th anniversary of the First National Congress of the Chinese 
Kuomintang and the founding of the Dr. Sun Yat-sen Research Society at the CPPCC audi- 
torium on the morning of 16 January. The cooperation between the Chinese Kuomintang and 
the Communist Party of China materialized for the first time at the First National Con- 
gress of the Chinese Kuomintang held 60 years ago. Hu Sheng made the opening speech and 
Deng Yingehao and Qu Wu made other important speeches at the colloquium. 

OWL51138 Beijing XINHUA Domestic Service in Chinese 1507 GMT 14 Jan 84 

(By RENMIN RIBAO reporter Chen Zujia and XINHUA reporter Yang Huimin] 

[Excerpts] Beijing, 14 Jan (XINHUA) -- The representatives to the Second Congress of 
the Chinese Association of Popular Science Writers began on 14 January the discussion 
on how the works of popular science can serve the reinvigorating of the Chinese economy 
and the building of material and spiritual civilization. 

he ih Jan 84 K 13 CHINA 

Comrade Fang Yt spoke at the opening ceremony. He said: The Party Central Committee 

and the State Council] have always attached great importance to the works of popular 
sclence. As skilled personnel are needed in building the four modernizations, the dis- 
semination of sctentitic and technical knowledge through social education provides many 

opportunities tor training skilled personnel. He added: Quite a few scientists and 
technictans have written many books on popular science. Gao Shiqi's books are quite 
good. Pertodicals published by popular science workers such as WUXLANDIAN [RADIO], 
very popular among the readers. However, the works of popular science in our country 
today are tar trom satisfying the needs of the vast numbers of readers both in quantity 
and quality and also unable to cope with the situation in which we strive to accomplish 
the modernization program and quadruple the annual gross value of industrial and agri- 
cultural output by the end of this century. He urged popular science writers, while 
writing more books on popular science, to pay attention to scientific content and not to 
write works that are unscientific. They must also pay attention to universality so that 
their books can be read by readers in various circles. The scientific content must be 
expressed in good Literary form so that the book can give systematic guidance as well as 
attract readers. He also urged famous scientists to take the lead in writing books on 
popular science. For this purpose, he called on the Chinese Association of Popular 
Science Writers to organize and train a powerful contingent of popular science writers. 

Fang Zongxi, vice chairman of the Council of the Association, pointed out in his opening 
speech that popular science workers must disseminate scientific and technical knowledge 
indispensible in building socialist material civilization and at the same time shoulder 
the responsibility as "engineers of the soul" in building socialist spiritual civiliza- 
tion. On behalf of the outgoing council, Wen Jize, acting chairman of the council of 
the association, made a work report at the congress. It has been reported that the con- 
wress is expected to last 5 days. Aside from electing a new council, it will also com- 
mend several veteran scientists and popular science writers who have made distinguished 
contributions to popular science in our country. Leading comrades of the China Associa- 
tion for Science and Technology Zhou Peiyuan, Pei Lisheng, Wang Shuntong and Bao Yishan 
(7637 1150 3790!; adviser of the Ministry of Health Huang Shuze; and representatives of 
the Chinese Writers’ Association, Chinese Artists' Association and Chinese Publishers' 
Association Kong Luosun, Hua Junwu and Wang Ziye attended the opening ceremony. 


OW131409 Beijing Domestic Service in Mandarin 1600 GMT 12 Jan 84 

Text] The leading comrades of the central authorities Xi Zhongxun, Yao Yilin, Li Peng, 
Tian Jiyun, Gu Mu, Zhang Jingfu, and Song Ping viewed the export mechanical and elec- 
trical instruments exhibition at the Beijing exhibition hall this evening. 

Products on display at the exhibition hall were light industrial machinery, whole sets 
of oil and mining equipment, electronic and optical instruments, medical apparatuses, 
teaching aids, and instruments for scientific research, totalling over 4,500 items. The 
products on display fully show China's technological level and capability in producing 
mechanical and electrical instruments. 

OW1L50459 Beijing XINHUA Domestic Service in Chinese 1441 GMT 14 Jan 84 

‘By reporters Liu Huinian, Wu Kelu] 

[Text] Beijing, 14 Jan (XINHUA) -- Yang Shangkun, Vice Chairman of the Central Military 
Commission [zhong yang jun wei 0022 1135 6511 1201], and Yu Qiuli, Dirctor of the PLA 
General Political Department, spoke at a victory and commendation meeting held by the PLA 
General Logistics Department on 14 Jan. They called on the commanders and fighters of 

lL. ilo Jan 84 K 14 CHINA 

the whole army to extensively publicize and conscientiously study the deeds otf the 
advanced units and exemplary persons, and, taking them as models, to strive to do a 
better job in the work ot various ttelds., 

The PLA General Logistics Department held the meeting to commend the exemplary deeds of 
the Construction Engineering Research Institute, which has been conterred with a collec- 
tive Merit Citation, Second Class by the Central Military Commission, and of some per- 
sonnel of the No 4 PLA Medical University, who participated in rushing to rescue people 
who met with mishaps in Huashan. 

In his speech, Yang Shangkun highly commended the exemplary deeds of the Construction 
Engineering Research Institute and of some personnel of the No 4 PLA Medical University. 
He said: It ts of great significance to commend these two advanced collectives at the 
time of our party rectitication. Everyone of us should take the advanced persons as the 
model. A Communist Party member is required not to be a Communist Party member in a 
casual sense, nor a roughly qualified one. Members of the whole party, especially those 
in the PLA and, tirst of all, party member-cadres, are required to be distinguished com- 
munists. We should set the standard a little higher so that the commanders and fighters 
of the People's Army can really become "the most beloved persons." Yang Shangkun said: 
Not everyone can have the opportunity to go to Huashan to carry a stretcher, but all of 
us Should emulate this spirit. Comrades of the whole army should learn from these 
exemplary persons in daring to overcome difficulties, fearing neither death nor hardships 
and struggling tor the cause of communism, 

In his speech, Yu Qiuli said: Commending and publicizing the exemplary deeds of the 
advanced units is of great significance for doing a good job in party rectification work, 
promoting the building of socialist spiritual civilization and accelerating our Army's 
revolutionalization, modernization and regularization. He said: In emulating these 
exemplary deeds, it is necessary to, first, make determined efforts to instill communist 
ideology into the cadres and fighters and raise their consciousness in a fundamental 

way so that they can tirmly trust the Communist Party leadership and strengthen their 
conviction in the ultimate victory of socialism and communism; second, vigorously publi- 
cize the typical examples of the advanced that sparkle with radiance of communist 
ideoloewy and guide the cadres and fighters to foster correct outlook on life and oppose, 
resist and eliminate the influences of the ideologies of the bourgeoisie and other 
exploiting classes; and third, actively guide the cadres and fighters to conscientiously 
struggle for communism while performing the great task of defending the motherland and 
building the tour modernizations. 

Representatives of the Construction Engineering Research Institute under the PLA General 
Logistics Department and the personnel of the No 4 PLA Medical University who partici- 
pated in rushing to rescue people who met with mishaps in Huashan said in their speeches 
that they will guard against arrogance and rashness and study hard in order to make 
further progress in their work. Hong Xuezhi, Deputy Secretary General of the Military 
Commission of the CPC Central Committee and Director of the PLA General Logistics Depart- 
ment, presided over the meeting. Wang Ping, Political Commissar of the PLA General 
Logistics Department, and Zhang Zhen, Deputy Chief of General Staff of the PLA General 
Staff Department, also spoke at the meeting. 

OW152226 Beijing XINHUA Domestic Service in Chinese 0758 GMT 14 Jan 84 

[By correspondent Di Guofu and reporter Cai Shanwu } 

[Excerpts] Beijing, 14 Jan (XINHUA) -- In the course of studying the party rectifica- 
tion documents, the party committee of the PLA Air Force Logistics Department has, in 
light of reality, also conducted discussions and rectified errors at the same time and 
has taken the initiative to listen to the criticisms and suggestions of the masses, 
thereby swiftly solving the more than 200 problems brought up by the units. The Air 
Force leading organ launched party rectification at the time when the Sixth Party 

16 Jan 84 K 15 CHINA 

Congress of the PLA Air Force was being held in Beijing. Leading comrades of the Air 
Force Logistics Department decided to take the opportunity to solicit opinions and sug- 
gestions trom various units in order to promote party rectification in the office. 
Divided into two groups, these leading comrades and nine cadres of department and sec- 
tion levels talked to people during the intervals of the party congress. They listened 
to the criticisms and suggestions of a total of 75 delegates from various units, who 
otterred 390 suggestions concerning how the Logistics Department should improve the 
ottice work style, intensify logistics building, and do a good job in supply, covering 
more than 10 fields of the work. 

Atter discussing with the delegates methods to solve the problems, the leaders of the 
Air Force Logistics Department returned to the office with these problems in mind and, 
while organizing personnel of departments concerned to study the documents on party 
rectification, urged them to identify their organ's shortcomings in thinking and work 
style as reflected in those problems in order to understand the necessity of doing a 
still better job in rectifying the party organizations. Many comrades noted that some 
long-standing problems in logistics work reflected bureaucracy in the logistic organs 
and that the lack of a sense of urgency in solving some problems explained why the logis- 
tic organs were listless in serving the Air Force. They pledged to consciously take part 
in party rectification, bring about a fundamental change in office style, and do a 
better job in serving the Air Force units and their flight operation and preparedness 
against war. 

Now, 230 of the problems brought up by the delegates to the party congress have been 
solved. Among these problems, 90 concerned the living and working conditions of the 
tlight crews and ground personnel and over 100 concerned the logistics supply to some 
ground units and some companies in isolated frontier areas. Since then, all departments 
under the Air Force Logistics Department have improved some rules and regulations and 
implemented the system of personal responsibility, thereby speedily handling the requests 
and reports from the grassroots level without delay even with extra personnel working 
overtime. Some departments sent personnel to units that frequently raised complaints 

to understand the situation and solve the problems on the spot. The commanders and 
fighters have praised the Air Force Logistics Department for indeed changing the style 
in the current party rectification. 

I, 16 Jan 84 CHINA Ul 

OWl6b0/343 Beliinw XINHUA in English O712 GMT 16 Jan 84 

clext| Beljing, January 1L6 (XINHUA) -- Deng Yingchao, chairman of the National 
Comittee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, once again called 
nm Kuomintang leaders in Taiwan to work to end the separation of the Chinese people 

iused by the split between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party. She said this at a 
meeting today marking the 60th anniversary of the First National Congress of the 

Jeng Yingehao recalled on many occasions Dr Sun Yat-sen, founder of the Kuomintang, 
itressed that China is an entity and cannot be separated and that the unificationof the 
country is the main trend of historical development and the aspiration of the people. 
‘he two rounds of Kuomintang-Communist cooperation in which they launched the Northern 
Expedition (1926-1927), tought the Anti-Japanese War (1937-1945) and recovered Taiwan 
(1945), and promoted the nation's progress, she said. [sentence as received] 

in the past few years, she continued, China's party and state leaders have publicly 
innounced the principles and policies concerning the peaceful reunification of the 
country. She especially mentioned remarks made by Deng Xiaoping last June while meeting 
Ur Winston L.Y. Yang, professor at Seton Hall University, New Jersey, U.S.A. Deng 
Xiaoping said: "Peacetul reunification has come to be common language for both the 
Kuomintang and the Communist Party. It does not mean the mainland swallowing up Taiwan, 
or vice versa. It is our sincere hope that the Kuomintang and the Communist Party will 
work together for national reunification and contribute to the Chinese nation." 

Neng Yingchao, now 80, recalled the things she personally witnessed before and after the 
rirst Kuomintang National Congress and how she worked on a provincial Kuomintang 
committee for a time. She said that she had attended the Second National Congress of 
the Kuomintang in 1926. “The past events about how the Kuomintang and the Communist 
Party cooperated to win the Anti-Japanese War are still vivid in my memory," she added. 
She said that the Chinese nation should work with a will, stand on its own feet among 
other nations and try to make greater contributions to mankind. "Why shouldn't we put 
the nation's interests above everything else as we did twice before and work together to 
build our country by putting an end to the separation of our people caused by the split 
between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party?" she queried. China's history has 
proved, she said, that unification is the main historical trend and separation is but a 
briet interlude. "The situation of isolation from the mainland and control by others 
cannot last for lone," she said. "The rights and wrongs, advantages and disadvantages 
ire very clear. It is not difficult for one to make a decision." 

fhe Chinese Communists are always true to their word and resolute in deed, Deng Yingchao 
said. “It's understandable that friends in Taiwan's Kuomintang may have this or that 
worry because of the long vears of separation. But I hope such hesitations and delays 
will not continue lone," she added. A reasonable solution can be found if the two 
parties treat each other sincerely and exchange views on the common ground of the 
country's reunification, she said. 


[7 Qos 1933