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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) 
Volume 6 Issue 5, July-August 2022 Available Online: e-ISSN: 2456 — 6470 

Experimental Investigation on Behavior of Pervious 
Concrete in Strength and Permeability by using 
RHA, SCBA, Nylon and Polypropylene Fiber 

Tanushree Sharma’, Vijay Meshram’, Dr. Abhay Kumar Jha” 

‘Research Scholar, ? Assistant Professor, 3 Associate Professor, 
'? Department of Civil Engineering, LNCT, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India 


During hydration and hardening, concrete needs to develop certain 
physical and chemical properties, among others, mechanical strength, 
low permeability to ingress of moisture, and chemical and volume 
stability. Concrete has relatively high compressive strength, but 
significantly lower tensile strength (about 10% of the compressive 
strength). As aresult, concrete always fails from tensile stresses even 
when loaded in compression. The practical implication of these facts 
is that concrete elements that are subjected to tensile stresses must be 
reinforced. Concrete is most often constructed with the addition of 
steel bar or fiber reinforcement. The reinforcement can be by bars 
(rebar), mesh, or fibres to produce reinforced concrete. Concrete can 
also be pre-stressed (reducing tensile stress) using steel cables, 
allowing for beams or slabs with a longer span than is practical with 
reinforced concrete. 

KEYWORDS: hydration, 

strength, tensile stresses 

concrete, permeability, compressive 


How to cite this paper: Tanushree 
Sharma | Vijay Meshram | Dr. Abhay 
Kumar Jha "Experimental Investigation 
on Behavior of Pervious Concrete in 
Strength and Permeability by using 
RHA, SCBA, Nylon and Polypropylene 
Fiber" Published in —~——______— 
International Journal | 
of Trend in 
Scientific Research 
and Development 
(ijtsrd), ISSN: 2456- | 

6470, Volume-6 | IJTSRD50668 
Issue-5, August . 
2022, pp.1420-1422, URL: 

Copyright © 2022 by author (s) and 
International Journal of Trend in 
Scientific Research and Development 
Journal. This is an 

Open Access article 
distributed under the aa 
terms of the Creative Commons 
Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) 


The proper utilization of pervious concrete is a 
recognized best management practice by the U.S. 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for 
providing first flush pollution control and storm-water 
management. As regulations further limit storm-water 
runoff, it is becoming more expensive for property 
owners to develop real estate, due to the size and 
expense of the necessary drainage systems. 

Pervious concrete reduces the runoff from paved 
areas, which reduces the need for separate storm- 
water retention ponds and allows the use of smaller 
capacity storm sewers. This allows property owners 
to develop a larger area of available property at a 
lower cost. Pervious concrete also naturally filters 
storm water and can reduce pollutant loads entering 
into streams, ponds and rivers. 

Pervious concrete functions like a storm water 
infiltration basin and allows the storm water to 

infiltrate the soil over a large area, thus facilitating 
recharge of precious groundwater supplies locally. 
All of these benefits lead to more effective land use. 
Pervious concrete can also reduce the impact of 
development on trees. A pervious concrete pavement 
allows the transfer of both water and air to root 
systems allowing trees to flourish even in highly 
developed areas. 


1. To study the properties of Pervious Concrete with 
RHA, SCBA and polypropylene fibre. 

2. To study the Permeability testing of plain 
pervious concrete cube. 

3. To study the Permeability testing of SCBA, RHA 
and fibre mixed pervious concrete cube. 

4. Loadings on pervious concrete are also an area of 
concern. Existing pervious concrete pavements 
are studied. 

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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development @ eISSN: 2456-6470 

5. Data drawn from these pavements are utilized 
along with the results of the compression tests to 
determine vehicular loadings and volumes that the 
pervious concrete can sustain over time. 

6. Additionally, pavement thickness design will be 
conducted on varying soil types and loadings. 

7. As with any research, the experiments performed 
are subject to limitations. These limitations are in 
regards to the type and size of aggregate used and 
the curing process. These restrictions are 
discussed further in more detail. 


Nawkhare et al. (2018) Nowadays, the main focus of 
research is to reduce industrial and agricultural waste 
for ecofriendly environment. This experimental study 
investigates the strength performance of concrete 
using Portland pozzolana Cement and Sugarcane 
Bagasse Ash. Initially, bagasse ash samples were 
collected and its properties were investigated. 
Normal consistency and setting time of the pastes 
containing Portland pozzolana cement and sugarcane 
bagasse ash at 5%, 10%, 15% & 20% replacement 
were investigated. The compressive strength of 
concrete block containing Portland pozzolana cement 
with bagasse ash at 5%, 10%, 15% & 20% 
replacementswere also investigated. The Compressive 
strength was evaluated for 7, 14, and 28 days of 
curing period. The effect of SCBA %, curing period, 
mix ratio on concrete block compressive strength, 
were studied and results are incorporated in the paper. 
The test result shows that sugarcane bagasse ash 
(SCBA) can be used as a partial replacement of 
cement upto 10% by weight of cement without any 
major loss in strength. Compressive strength was 
calculated for7, 14 and 28 days. 

Patidar (2018) Pervious solid water penetrability and 
compressive quality for the most part rely upon 
admixtures, extent of the materials and total sizes. 
This paper examines different mix of pervious cement 
with admixture (polypropylene fiber), water concrete 
proportion and distinctive total sizes. Three total sizes 
6mm-10mm, 10mm-20mm and 6mm-10mm-20mm 
sizes are taken. For each total size, W/C proportion of 
0.30, 0.35, and 0.40 were utilized. The goal of this 
exploration is to examine the impact of polypropylene 
fiber, variety in total sizes and W/C proportion on 
pervious cement. For trial of water penetrability, we 
utilized falling head technique. The trial research has 
been done to figure void proportion, water 
porousness, thickness and compressive quality. In the 
event that we increment in W/C proportion found in 
compressive quality pervious cement. Compressive 
quality of ordinary cement is more prominent than 
pervious cement. The void proportion that must be 

found in scope of 25% to 32% of pervious cement is 
adequate. Thus on the off chance that we utilize little 
size of total, porousness of pervious solid will 
diminishes. As indicated by examination it was seen 
that with utilizing blend (half) total and 0.30 W/C 
proportion gives better outcome for pervious cement. 
In this examination utilized of polypropylene fiber 
gives better outcome for compressive quality of 
pervious cement and does not impact on water 
penetrability of pervious cement. 


Synthetic Fibres:-Synthetic fibres are man-made 
fibres resulting from research and development in the 
petrochemical and textile industries. There are two 
different physical fibre forms: monofilament fibres, 
and fibres produced from fibrillated tape. Currently, 
there are two different synthetic fibre volumes used in 
application, namely low-volume percentage (0.1 to 
0.3% by volume) and high-volume percentage (0.4 to 
0.8% by volume). Most synthetic fibre applications 
are at the 0.1% by volume level. At this level, the 
strength of the concrete is considered unaffected and 
crack control characteristics are sought. Fibre types 
that have been tried in cement concrete matrices 
include: acrylic, aramid, carbon, nylon, polyester, 
polyethylene and polypropylene. 

PP fipee 

PH Figee 

PGA ET Leer Haha 

om SH 


Figure. 1 Synthetic Fibres 

Table: 1 Comparison of Ordinary Portland 
cement and Portland Pozzolona Cement 
Pervious 7 Days 28 Days 
concrete Strength Strength 

OPC 5.49 N/mm 12.05 N/mm 

PPC 3.48N/mm> 7.18N/mm7 

@ IJTSRD | Unique Paper ID —-IJTSRD50668 | Volume—6 | Issue—5 | July-August 2022 

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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development @ eISSN: 2456-6470 

Table 2 Pervious concrete with 6% RHA + 6% SCBA and %age of Nylon fibre 


Pervious Pervious Pervious 

concrete with concrete with | concretewith | concretewith | concrete with 
Strength of 6% RHA + 6% RHA+ 6% RHA+ 6% RHA + 6% RHA + 
Pervious concrete 6% SCBA 6% SCBA = 6% SCBA 6% SCBA 6% SCBA 
and 0.1% and 0.15% — and 0.2% and 0.25% and 0.3% 
Nylon fibre Nylonfibre Nylon fibre Nylon fibre Nylonfibre 
7 Days (N/mm?) 3.51 3.83 3.71 3.1 3.7 
28 Days(N/mm?) 7.19 7TA5 8.1 7.75 7.73 



The compressive strength of pervious concrete 
mix with RHA, SCBA and nylon fibre and 
pervious concrete mix with RHA, SCBA and 
polypropylene fibre is increased as comparison to 
the plain pervious concrete. 

When we used the 6 % RHA and 6 % SCBA with 
nylon fibre and polypropylene fibre in pervious 
concrete in various proportion of 0.1%, 0.15%, 
0.2%, 0.25% and 0.3% of the weight of concrete, 
the result obtained by the compressive strength 
of nylon fibre with 6 % RHA and 6 % SCBA and 
polypropylene fibre 6 % RHA and 6 % SCBA is 
up-to 0.2 % of used result get increased 








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