Skip to main content

We will keep fighting for all libraries - stand with us!

Full text of "Joseph Burr Tyrrell Papers"

See other formats

























Fossil Crab’s Nudity Solved 

Washington, Jan. 25. — A crab which died wl 
500,000,000 years ago has puzzled scientists for 20 
was to explain a strange crab fossil without a shell v 
This ancient ancestor of modem crabs was ^disci 
at least 500,000,000 years old. But it had no shell llhj 
Microscopic studies showed that the membranes 
from the shell, and that the creature crawled ai 
until the shell grew to its normal thickness, but wi 
water charged with carbonic acid and died. 

e casting its shell 
ars. The difficulty 
ch was found in 1908. 
ered in a formation 
[its ancient brothers, 
the body were torn 
deep, dark roots 
ered into a pool of 



Chapleau, En Fete R 

Toasts New Field 
And First Pioneers 

Prospectors Stage “Rush” to Join Capitalists in 
Celebrating Growth of Newest 
Gold Mining Area 


Party Visits Swayze By Plane 

Chapleau, Jan. 25.—Ontario’s newest and, if the high hopes 
of its operators are realized, possibly its largest gold camp was 
christened with appropriate formality this week, when citizens 
of Chapleau marked with a banquet and dance the commence¬ 
ment of actual mining operations on the Kenty Gold Mines 
Limited, pioneer discovery of the Chapleau gold area in Swayze 

As if to respond to the toasts in its honor, the Kenty Mine 
itself sprang an unexpected surprise on Monday when a new 
vein carrying free gold was exposed while blasting out a round 
at a depth of 38 feet in the shaft. Announcement of this 
development at a banquet on Monday night brought salvps of 
applause from an audience of more than 200 guests, including 
mining men, prospectors and prominent citizens of the to^n. 

Flight to Swayze 

Tuesday saw the revellers taking 

off in airplanes on a trip of inspec¬ 
tion of the Kenty Gold Mine as 
guests of President Frank Trethe- 
wey, the president. Emblematic of 
the progress of mining since the 
first discoveries were made in the 
province is the fact that a party of 
15 guests, including two ladies, Mrs. 
G. B. Nicholson and Mrs. Trethewey, 
were able to visit the property, a 
distance of 45 miles from Chapleau, 
and return in a few hours, a trip 
that formerly would have occupied 
a week by trail and dog team. 

All Chapleau was en fete as vis- 

and to the men who are behind the 
mines with their capital: ‘You 'have 
done all this but we are going to 
appropriate to ourselves and tr the 
state the results of your year}- of 
painstaking toil and the capital' you 
have invested.’ ” 

Briefly Mr. Nicholson paid a gov. 
ing tribute to the work of the Ken tv 
Gold Mines and its discoverers. , He 
expressed high hopes for the fuiu: 
of the area east of Chapleau ; nd 
pledged the active co-operation or 
Chapleau citizens with those engages 
in its development. “I am lookifc 
forward to the day when thousar' 
of men will be employed in this 

Itors converged from all parts of I trict, in mining,’ he said, 
the mining field for the occasion .' J&Sti w® - 

i wm 

¥ \ 

Page 6 





(Continued from Page 1) 

had secured the option first. Later 
lie recalled having offered an option 
on 50,000 shares of Hollinger stock 
at $4 a share to his British prin¬ 
cipals, who had refused to take the 
stock. He recalled the disappoint¬ 
ment of interests whom he had 
sought to get interested in Lake 
Shore at a time when there was 
“not a face in ore.” 

Dr. Tyrell referred specifically to 
the high cost of power as a contri¬ 
buting factor in the high mining 
costs which prevail In Northern On¬ 
tario, as compared with other parts 
of the world. “The making of a 
mine is a very expensive business. 
While in some parts of the world 
gold is being mined and treated for 
less than $1 per ton, in the Kirkland 
Lake field we are actually paying 
more than that figure for power 
alone. One way in which the 
people of Chapleau can help develop¬ 
ment of the mines is for you to help 
us to get power here as cheaply and 
as fairly and reasonably as pos¬ 
sible. The sooner we get power 
the sooner will a mill be put up and 
production will start.” 

Dr. A. G. Burrows, deputizing for 
Hon. Charles McCrea, quoted statis¬ 
tics of current mining interest to 
indicate the impressive stature to 
which mining has grown in recent 
years. Out of 25 years of study 
among the rocks of leading mining 
areas, Dr. Burrows declared emphat¬ 
ically, “I can see no reason why we 
can’t get other Kirkland Lakes and 
Porcupines. The producing area 
of Kirkland Lake is only two miles 
Tong, and the mines of Porcupine are 
scattered over a distance of onlv a 

excellent orchestra continued until 
an early hour. 

Special guests from points outside 
the district included Mrs. F. L. 
Trethewey, George W. Lee, Mr. and 
Mrs. T. Hambley, district superin¬ 
tendent of the Canadian Pacific 
Railway. Mr. and Mrs. W. R. Ken¬ 
nedy. and Mr. and Mrs. Len Mc¬ 
Intosh, North Bay; J. B. Tyrell, 
president of Kirkland Lake Gold 
Mines Limited, and R. G. O. Thomp¬ 
son, F. C. Henderson, J. A. Dalton. 
W. S. Walton, Dr. Graham, direc¬ 
tors, of Toronto; W. M. Sixt, gen¬ 
eral manager Kirkland Lake Gold, 
Kirkland Lake; Robert McKillop, 
superintendent Schreiber subdivision 
C.P.R.; W. E. Mason and E. D. 
Loney, of Sudbury. 


New Find in Shall. i 
Adds to Network ft 

of Vein 

( — 





M c . 










.Led by the Kenty contingent, pros¬ 
pectors poured in from a dozen 
camps or more in Swayze, Denyes, 
Halcrow, Raney and Rollo town¬ 
ships. Engineers in charge of lead¬ 
ing properties were also present. 
Shades of the early days of Cobalt. 
Porcupine and Kirkland Lake hung 
over a banquet table at which the 
attire of guests ranged from the 
‘•flannel shirts” to the boiled fronts 
and “soup and fish” of prominent 
guests at the head table. Emblem¬ 
atic of the catholic character of en¬ 
terprises engaged in development of 
the new area were the decorations, 
green and gold plaques proclaiming 
a list of operating companies, which 
included the following names: Kenty 
Gold Mines Limited, Halcrow 
Swayze Mines Limited, Thome and 
Graves and U. S. Smelters, Cyril 
Knight Prospecting Company and 
Swayze McKnight Company Limited, 
Newbec Mines Limited and Ventures 
Limited, Dyment Mining and Ex¬ 
ploration Company and Sterling 
Great Bear. Consolidated Mining and 
Smelting Company and Mclntyre- 
Porcupine Mines, Denyes Explora¬ 
tion Syndicate and Swayze Gold Belt 
Mines Limited, Kirkland-Hudson Bay 
and Dome Mines. A miniature 
headframe and railway with a car 
of ore forecast the day of produc¬ 
tion from the Swayze prospect. 

George B. Nicholson, M.P. for 
East Algoma, and the fairy godfather 
of the town of Chapleau, was visibly 
moved as he surveyed an audience 
whose very nature proclaimed the 
changing complexion of the times 
for industry in the Chapleau dis¬ 

Dreams Materialize 

‘‘I have waited 45 years for this 
event," he said. ‘‘We have seen 
miners and prospectors come and 
go for years. It has remained for 
those actively engaged in the de¬ 
velopment of Swayze to bring these 
dreams to realization. 

‘‘I prefer to call this area the 
Chapleau mining field," he said. “I 
do not think there is any group of 
men in Canada or elsewhere who 
are doing a more patriotic service 
than the men who are giving their 
services to the development of gold 
mining. Gold mining in Canada 
has done more to stabilize conditions 
and prevent the country from going 
bankrupt than any other individual 
factor. These are plain facts and 
I think we should recognize them. 
Mining wealth, and particularly the 
gold mining industry, has kept us 
on our feet in the last three years.” 

Despite the role which gold mines 
have played in combatting depres¬ 
sion, Mr. Nicholson drew attention 
to propaganda that was seeking to 
destroy an actual means of salva¬ 
tion. "There are those,” he said, 
"who would say to the prospector 

,<uiu )«ys tut X. « TV. O. i 

George W. Lee, chairman of lie 
T. & N. O. Railway Commission, de¬ 
livered greetings and congratula¬ 
tions from the mining areas adja¬ 
cent to this line. f 

“We refined more gold last ydar 
on our railway by $5,000,000 than 
it cost to pay for building the 
whole railway,” was one of his strik¬ 
ing statements. As one who had 
been serving miners for 27 years, he 
declared his faith in the industry 
and the character of the men fvho 
are engaged in it. He pleaded, for 
active co-operation and besought 
citizens of Chapleau to support min¬ 
ing enterprise with their time land 
money. "You may strike 10 wild¬ 
cats and on the eleventh time! you 
may strike it rich,” he declared! 

The viewpoint of the field engineer 
was added by W. B. Millar, engineer 
for the Thorng;Graves interests/ who 
entertained with a delightful narra¬ 
tive of an engineer’s experiences in 
the bush, paying high tribute tio the 
spirit of co-operation existing be¬ 
tween the people of Chapleau and 
those who made this town their 

Kenty to Have Chance 

The toast to "The Mining “indus¬ 
try,” proposed by D. O. Payette, of 
Chapleau. was responded to by two 
distinguished guests, Dr. J. B. Tyrell, 
president of Kirkland Lake Gold 
Mines Limited, who are financing 
development of the Kenty, and Dr. 
A. G. Burrows, chief geologist of the 
Ontario Department of Mines. 

"For 50 years my life has been 
more or less closely connected with 
the gold mining industry,” said Dr. 
Tyrell. “The Kenty boys have dis¬ 
covered one of the best looking pros¬ 
pects on surface I have ever seen. 
In my opinion it has a chance of be¬ 
coming a very big mine.”; Deter¬ 
mination of its sponsors to give the 
Kenty a fair show was greeted with 
high enthusiasm. “We are going to 
give the property as fair a' show as 
we possibly can. If we qan make 
a mine out of it we will do so,” he 

Recalling his half century of ex¬ 
perience which ranged from his 
early visits to the sub-Aiictic with 
the Geological Survey of Canada to 
explore the head waters of the Sas¬ 
katchewan for gold, through the 
Klondyke rush, and through Por¬ 
cupine and Kirkland Lake, Dr. Tyrell 
pointed to the many opportunities 
that gold mining had offered, and 
had been passed up. In 1908 he, 
himself, had mistaken samples which 
a brother of the late George Gray 
had brought into his office from Por¬ 
cupine, for specimens from the 
Klondyke and had later tried to ob¬ 
tain an option on the' Hollinger 
claims to find that N. A. T imm ins 

(Continued on Page 6) 

Fisher in Six Hours Kills 
Five Grouse, Two Rabbits 

Metagama, Jan. 25. — According to 
the story brought in recently by Mc¬ 
Kee Brothers, guides and trappers 
in the Metagama district, fur animals 
take a heavy toll of smaller wild life. 
A few days ago when going over 
their trapline they came across the 
fresh trail of a fisher. There being 
plenty of snow for tracking purposes, 
they at once started to trail or 


“walk” the fisher, as if is called in 
the parlance of the trapline. 

The fisher had apparently just left 
his nest of the night (before, for it 
was not until after six hours of 
steady trailing that thgy came upon 
him holed up in a ihollow cedar. 
Signs left in the snow showed where 
the fisher, in his six hotirs’ jaunt, had 
killed and partly eaten five grouse, 
and killed and cached! two rabbits. 

$4,000 More This 

Bell Park bathing beach will likely 
be patrolled next summer and an 
attempt will be made to stamp out 
petty thieving, it was indicated at a 
meeting of the Sudbury Parks Com¬ 
mission on Monday. 

Col. A. H. Smith was re-elected 
chairman, and H. P. McKeown, city 
clerk, will again act as secretary. 

E. A. Martin stated that many 
people last year had articles stolen 
at the park while they were bathing. 
He wondered if a locker system, 
where the key is a receipt, similar 
to that in use in railway stations, 
would meet with public favor, if in¬ 
stalled on a rental basis. 

"You may be sure that the chil¬ 
dren would lose their keys,” said P. 
J. O'Gorman. 

"It was reported to me that there 
were nude bathers at the lake,” said 
W. J. Bell. "I don’t know how true 
the rumors are but we should have 
a watchman. A regular patrol 
would stop that immediately and all 
the petty thieving. Of course, this 
would mean an extra expense.” 

“Why not make arrangements 
with the man who has charge of the 
restaurant,” asked D. S. McKee. 
"Lockers could he installed in his 
building, and at the same time he 
could supervise bathing.” 

Col. Smith was of the opinion that 
two men on relief could be engaged 
for the summer to patrol the park. 

An application was received from 
Joseph Gilpin, 357 Elizabeth St., for 
the position of caretaker at Bell 
Park this year. Last year he was 
hired from April 1 to October 31 at 
a salary of $100 per month, and he 
made several improvements to the 

A resolution was adopted asking 
city council to raise $12,000 for parks 
purposes—a levy of one mill on the 
tax rate for 1933. Last year the 
commission spent $7,745.34,' which 
included the debenture interest pay¬ 
ment on the park sinking fund, 
which meant a little more than half 
a mill. 

"We must keep our estimates as 
low as possible,” remarked Mr. Bell. 

“It’s a fallacy to strike the esti¬ 
mates too low and then register a 
deficit,” said Mr. McKeown. 

The Lions Club was granted the 
use of the Athletic Park for Do- 
monion Day, July 1, for their annual 
sports day, Memorial Park being 
definitely closed to all athletic events. 

C.P.R. Makes Saving 
Lifts Double Track 

Further retrenchment in the in¬ 
terests of economy was instituted 
yesterday by the Canadian Pacific 
Railway, with the issue of orders to 
close and lift the double track from 
Roberts to Woman River, a distance 
of about 26 miles. It is understood 
that this is part of a general policy 
to be adopted toward sections of 
double track west of Sudbury, where 
about 25 miles have been already 
closed, and about 65 miles more will 
be closed to traffic in the near 
future. The sections likely to be 
affected are those between Nemegos 
and Chapleau, 16 miles, Chapleau 
and Balgrow, 36 miles, and between 
White River and King, 21 miles. 

It is estimated that about 12 oper¬ 
ators and a number of section crews 
will be affected. 

Lx-Hospital Orderly 
Makes Charge of 

1 Though Coroner J. S. McKessock, 
of Sudbury, six months ago found 
that Frank Smith, alias George Ross, 
alias Frank Rosen, died in hospital 
at Burwash Industrial Farm from 
bronchial pneumonia, a full investi¬ 
gation into the case has been ordered 
by the attorney-general’s department. 

Smith died on July 12 and the day 
after a Toronto newspaper carried 
an interview with a former inmate 
who alleged that Smith had been 
harshly treated. The allegations were 
then branded as absurd by Superin¬ 
tendent N. S. Oliver, and the matter 
was dropped. 

An affidavit, however, taken by an 
inmate who was head orderly in the 
hospital at the time of Smith’s death, 
led C. F. Neelands, deputy provincial 
secretary, to re-open the case. 

"We will surely welcome a wide- 
open investigation,” Superintendent 
Oliver told The Sudbury Star, “as we 
have nothing to hide.” 

He added that the charges of the 
orderly will be very hard to prove as 
they contain details altogether un¬ 
known to him. 

The charges made by this inmate 
were, in brief, that Smith’s body, 
when he was admitted to the hospital 
a few days before his death, showed 
two sores made by a strap on the 
shoulder and in the region of the 
ribs, when it is against all rules that 
strapping should be done above the 

Say No Treatment Given 

Further, it is charged that no 
treatment was ever ordered for 
Smith in the hospital, and that the 
orderlies were told to do what they 
pleased. They themselves, the affi¬ 
davit says, had to apply tests for 
death that they had seen used be¬ 
fore, and decide whether they would 
pack the man’s nose and throat. 

Although it was customary to call 
hospital orderlies to give evidence 
at inquests on dead prisoners they 
were not summoned in this case, the 
affidavit says. This is admitted by 
Mr. Neelands. 

“The hospital orderlies were not 
called to testify, nor was the register¬ 
ed nurse,” reads the prisoner order¬ 
ly’s affidavit in part. 

The cause of death was given at 
the inquest as bronchial pneumonia 
yet the orderly who makes the 
charges maintains that they were 
never told he was suffering from 

Smith, a sickly-looking man of 
about 38, according to the orderly, 
came from Toronto and was serving 
a short term for false pretences. For 
six weeks before his death, from 
early June on, he is said to have 
complained repeatedly of illness. 
After a week in hospital, he was or¬ 
dered to prepare for work. He re¬ 
fused on grounds of illness. Ac¬ 
cused of malingering, he was or¬ 
dered to be strapped, and was given 
three straps. On the following two 
days he appeared on sick parade, 
complaining about serious illness in 
his chest. On July 4 he was ad¬ 
mitted to the hospital on the plea 
of a fellow prisoner. He complained 
of unbearable pain in his chest. 

It was when the orderlies un¬ 
dressed him, they say, that they 
found strap wounds high up on his 
shoulder and chest. 

Says Pleas Ignored 

The orderly in his affidavit de¬ 
clares that he felt certain that the 


The fur 
Rink this i 
bridge an 
the second 
the ranks 
the Cliff., 

Mitchell I 




A ger 
of the 
be held 
for the 
ments 1 
the syl 
by stoi 
ed to 
200 sK 
upon • 
to ha! 

iContinued on Page 3) 



Led by the Kenty contingent, pros¬ 
pectors poured in from a dozen 
camps or more in Swayze, Denyes, 
Halcrow, Kaney and Kollo town¬ 
ships. Engineers in charge of lead¬ 
ing properties were also present. 
Shades of the early days of Cobalt, 
Porcupine and Kirkland Lake hung 
over a banquet table at which the 
attire of guests ranged from the 
‘■flannel shirts” to the boiled fronts 
and ‘‘soup and fish” of prominent 
guests at the head table. Emblem¬ 
atic of the catholic character of en¬ 
terprises engaged in development of 
the new area were the decorations, 
green and gold plaques proclaiming 
a list of operating companies, which 
included the following names: Kenty 
Gold Mines Limited, Halcrow 
Swayze Mines Limited, Thorne and 
Graves and U. S. Smelters, Cyril 
Knight Prospecting Company and 
Swayze McKnight Company Limited, 
Newbec Mines Limited and Ventures 
Limited, Dyment Mining and Ex¬ 
ploration Company and Sterling 
Great Bear, Consolidated Mining and 
Smelting Company and Mclntyre- 
Porcupine Mines, Denyes Explora¬ 
tion Syndicate and Swayze Gold Belt 
Mines Limited, Kirkland-Hudson Bay 
and Dome Mines. A miniature 
headframe and railway with a car 
of ore forecast the day of produc¬ 
tion from the Swayze prospect. 

George B. Nicholson, M.P. for 
East Algoma, and the fairy godfather 
of the town of Chapleau, was visibly 
moved as he surveyed an audience 
whose very nature proclaimed the 
changing complexion of the times 
for industry in the Chapleau dis¬ 

Dreams Materialize 

‘‘I have waited 45 years for this 
event,” he said. ‘‘We have seen 
miners and prospectors come and 
go for years. It has remained for 
those actively engaged in the de- 
velopmeiit of Swayze to bring these 
dreams to realization. 

‘‘I prefer to call this area the 
Chapleau mining field,” he said. ‘‘I 
do not think there is any group of 
men in Canada or elsewhere who 
are doing a more patriotic service 
than the men who are giving their 
services to the development of gold 
mining. Gold mining in Canada 
has done more to stabilize conditions 
and prevent the country from going 
bankrupt than any other individual 
factor. These are plain facts and 
I think we should recognize them. 
Mining wealth, and particularly the 
gold mining industry, has kept us 
on our feet in the last three years.” 

Despite the role which gold mines 
have played in combatting depres¬ 
sion, Mr. Nicholson drew attention 
to propaganda that was seeking to 
destroy an actual means of salva¬ 
tion. ‘‘There are those,” he said, 
‘ who would say to the prospector 

.per t- iK “N. (7. f 

George W. Lee, chairman of t L 
T. & N. O. Railway Commission, cj e - 
livered greetings and congratu, a . 
tions from the mining areas adja¬ 
cent to this line. 

‘‘We refined more gold last y<*ar 
on our railway by $ 5 , 000,000 tl, an 
it cost to pay for building the 
whole railway,” was one of hi's stick¬ 
ing statements. As one_who ) la d 
been serving miners for 27 years, he 
declared his faith in the industry 
and the character of the men Vho 
are engaged in it. He pleaded for 
active co-operation and besought 
citizens of Chapleau to support lin¬ 
ing enterprise with their time land 
money. “You may strike 10 IHld- 
cats and on the eleventh time you 
mav strike it rich,” he declared 

The viewpoint of the field eng neer 
was added by W. B. Millar, engager 
for the Thorne-Graves interests,! w ho 
entertained with a delightful narra¬ 
tive of an engineer’s experiences j n 
the bush, paying high tribute tjo the 
spirit of co-operation existing! be¬ 
tween the people of Chapleau a nd 
those who made this town [ their 

Kenty to Have Chance 

The toast to “The Mining indus¬ 
try,” proposed by D. O. Paye|£f e> 0 f 
Chapleau, was responded to ljjy two 
distinguished guests, Dr. J. B. Tyred, 
president of Kirkland Lake; 1 Gold 
Mines Limited, who are financing 
development of the Kenty, a|^<j Dr. 
A. G. Burrows, chief geologist,; 0 f the 
' Ontario Department of Mineit 

‘‘For 50 years my life haq’ been 
more or less closely connected with 
the gold mining industry,” s|g.jd Dr. 
Tyrell. “The Kenty boys h! lV e dis¬ 
covered one of the best looking pros¬ 
pects on surface I have ev er se en. 
In my opinion it has a chan<j ;e 0 f be¬ 
coming a very big mine.”- Deter¬ 
mination of its sponsors to |gjve the 
Kenty a fair show was greeted with 
high enthusiasi.A “We are 'going to 
give the property as fair aU ow as 
we possibly can. If we cj^ n make 
a mine out of it we will dj£ s0 ,” he 

Recalling his half centujly 0 f ex¬ 
perience which ranged (from his 

$4,000 More This 

early visits to the sub-A 
the Geological Survey of 
explore the head waters o ( 
katchewan for gold, thr; 
Klondyke rush, and thro 
cupine and Kirkland Lake, 
pointed to the many op 
that gold mining had olj 
had been passed up. I 
himself, had mistaken sarr 
a brother of the late Gi 
had brought into his offic< 
cupine, for specimens 
Klondyke and had later 

tain an option on the| 
claims to find that I^. 

(Continued on Pai 

Ictic with 
’(anada to 
the Sas- 
iugh the 
lgh Por- 
Dr. Tyrell 
ered, and 
l 1908 he, 
pies which 
orge Gray 
from Por- 
from the 
ried to ob- 

Bell Park bathing beach will likely 
be patrolled next summer and an 
attempt will be made to stamp out 
petty thieving, it was indicated at a 
meeting of the Sudbury Parks Com¬ 
mission on Monday. 

Col. A. H. Smith was re-elected 
chairman, and H. P. McKeown, city 
clerk, will again act as secretary. 

E. A. Martin stated that many 
people last year had articles stolen 
at the park while they were bathing. 
He wondered if a locker system, 
where the key is a receipt, similar 
to that in use in railway stations, 
would meet with public favor, if in¬ 
stalled on a rental basis. 

“You may be sure that the chil¬ 
dren would lose their keys,” said P. 
J. O’Gorman. 

“It was reported to me that there 
were nude bathers at the lake,” said 
W. J. Bell. “I don’t know how true 
the rumors are but we should have 
a watchman. A regular patrol 
would stop that immediately and all 
the petty thieving. Of course, this 
would mean an extra expense.” 

“Why not make arrangements 
with the man who has charge of the 
restaurant,” asked D. S. McKee. 
“Lockers could be installed in his 
building, and at the same time he 
could supervise bathing.” 

Col. Smith was of the opinion that 
two men on relief could be engaged 
for the summer to patrol the park. 

An application was received from 
Joseph Gilpin, 357 Elizabeth St., for 
the position of caretaker at Bell 
Park this year. Last year he was 
hired from April 1 to October 31 at 
a salary of $100 per month, and he 
made several improvements to the 

A resolution was adopted asking 
city council to raise $12,000 for parks 
purposes—a levy of one mill on the 
tax rate for 1933. Last year the 
commission spent $7,745.34, which 
included the debenture interest pay¬ 
ment on the park sinking fund, 
which meant a little more than half 
a mill. 

“We must keep our estimates as 
low as possible,” remarked Mr. Bell. 

“It's a fallacy to strike the esti¬ 
mates too low and then register a 
deficit,” said Mr. McKeown. 

The Lions Club was granted the 
use of the Athletic Park for Do- 
monion Day, July 1, for their annual 
sports day, Memorial Park being 
definitely closed to all athletic events. 

jkx-Hospital Orderly 
Makes Charge of 

Oil! I 


T imm ins 
;e ~6) 

Fisher in Six Hours Kills 

Five Grouse, Two Rabbits 

Metagama, Jan. 25.—According to 
the story brought in recently by Mc¬ 
Kee Brothers, guides and trappers 
in the Metagama district, fur animals 
take a heavy toll of smaller wild life. 
A few days ago when going oyer 
their trapline they came across the 
fresh trail of a fisher. There being 
plenty of snow for tracking purposes, 
they at once started to trail or 

“walk” the fisher, as i 
the parlance of the trap 
The fisher had appar 
his nest of the night 
was not until after 
steady trailing that tb 
him holed up in a 
Signs left in the snow 
the fisher, in his six ho 
killed and partly eat< 
and killed and cached 

is called in 

ntly just left 
nefore, for it 
iix hours of 
iy came upon 
r -ollow cedar, 
(showed where 
rs’ jaunt, had 
five grouse, 
two rabbits. 

C.P.R. Makes Saving 
Lifts Double Track 

Further retrenchment in the in¬ 
terests of economy was instituted 
yesterday by the Canadian Pacific 
Railway, with the issue of orders to 
close and lift the double track from 
Roberts to Woman River, a distance 
of about 26 miles. It is understood 
that this is part of a general policy 
to be adopted toward sections of 
double track west of Sudbury, where 
about 25 miles have been already 
closed, and about 65 miles more will 
be closed to traffic in the near 
future. The sections likely to be 
affected are those between Nemegos 
and Chapleau, 16 miles, Chapleau 
and Balgrow, 36 miles, and between 
White River and King, 21 miles. 

It is estimated that about 12 oper¬ 
ators and a number of section crews 
will be affected. 

Though Coroner J. S. McKessock, 
of Sudbury, six months ago found 
that Frank Smith, alias George Ross, 
alias Frank Rosen, died in hospital 
at Burwash Industrial Farm from 
bronchial pneumonia, a full investi¬ 
gation into the case has been ordered 
by the attorney-general’s department. 

Smith died on July 12 and the day 
after a Toronto newspaper carried 
an interview with a former inmate 
who alleged that Smith had been 
harshly treated. The allegations were 
then branded as absurd by Superin¬ 
tendent N. S. Oliver, and the matter 
was dropped. 

An affidavit, however, taken by an 
inmate who was head orderly in the 
hospital at the time of Smith’s death, 
led C. F. Neelands, deputy provincial 
secretary, to re-open the case. 

“We will surely welcome a wide- 
open investigation,” Superintendent 
Oliver told The Sudbury Star, “as we 
have nothing to hide.” 

He added that the charges of the 
orderly will be very hard to prove as 
they contain details altogether un¬ 
known to him. 

The charges made by this inmate 
were, in brief, that Smith’s body, 
when he was admitted to the hospital 
a few days before his death, showed 
two sores made by a strap on the 
shoulder and in the region of the 
ribs, when it is against all rules that 
strapping should be done above the 

Say No Treatment Given 
Further, it is charged that no 
treatment was ever ordered for 
Smith in the hospital, and that the 
orderlies were told to do what they 
pleased. They themselves, the affi¬ 
davit says, had to apply tests for 
death that they had seen used be¬ 
fore, and decide whether they would 
pack the man’s nose and throat. 

Although it was customary to call 
hospital orderlies to give evidence 
at inquests on dead prisoners they 
were not summoned in this case, the 
affidavit says. This is admitted by 
Mr. Neelands. 

“The hospital orderlies were not 
called to testify, nor was the register¬ 
ed nurse,” reads the prisoner order¬ 
ly’s affidavit in part. 

The cause of death was given at 
the inquest as bronchial pneumonia 
yet the orderly who makes the 
charges maintains that they were 
never told he was suffering from 

Smith, a sickly-looking man of 
about 38, according to the orderly, 
came from Toronto and was serving 
a short term for false pretences. For 
six weeks before his death, fiom 
early June on, he is said to have 
complained repeatedly of illness. 
After a week in hospital, he was or¬ 
dered to prepare for work. He re¬ 
fused on grounds of illness. Ac¬ 
cused of malingering, he was or¬ 
dered to be strapped, and was given 
three straps. On the following two 
days he appeared on sick parade, 
complaining about serious illness in 
his chest. On July 4 he was ad¬ 
mitted to the hospital on the plea 
of a fellow prisoner. He complained 
of unbearable pain in his chest. 

It was when the orderlies un- 
dressed him, they say, that ' b®y 
found strap wounds high up on his 
shoulder and chest. 

Says Fleas Ignored 
The orderly in his affidavit de¬ 
clares that he felt certain that the 

The i 
Rink U 
bridge i 
the sect 
the rani 
the Clil 



A ger 
of the 5 ' 
be held 0 
for the 1 ’' 
ments 'f? 
the sy’ : 
by sto-jif- 
ed to fs® 
200 sl> 
to haw ' 
cipals- : 
per u i!- 
be dtijj*!® 
said iiti 

ton, </£&} 
Saul i : 
state > ' 

Mr. gt*. 
ferrfti:? 1 ' 


Coll : 

ed iiiS'Sf 

cen ' 

Sill'll $£22. 

be .jjsEisi ill 




fo- jijjaaS 

01 : : 
d'r j;a if.1; »;i 




(.Continued on Page 3) 

i*™ i 

•W*l> fetrii 

loth Bolstered 

___ ,, And no 

■ Luzzi. ij. rl,t l 

land Lavasseur. old g au it Star 

I __ , And now the dear °m ra i flights 

I will fly at the Palace L go i n g to chm ad the whining it 
I ^ i n(r when bvsteria. Aftci vpaxs nbou - 

Hopper Cliff meet for done for years and the 

time this season, with Befe ree Bill Du ” c ^’ hi3 appointment 

out that the sy League For 

well in the N 1 ?"® decade, the Sana 
the first time m the Nicael 

was in ag q ee dburv club elected Dun- 
City ‘ fl nd hC the Sauh a gentleman by 
the name of Telford. ^ handle the 
These two men g au it on Feo- 

Mf Vie Lepage and 
l^an are additions to 

-IcKinnon and Bodger 
PwUL referee. 


roposed at an 
Early Date 

eral meeting of unit holders 


ratifying arrange- 
purpose of rati y g ween 

vhich were compietea “V 

rdicate managers an • ^ 

1, of Sault Ste. Ma«e, Delta 

k in the ,^H b P e distribut- 
Corporation win basis of 

"” lt S d »ch »“t S*. 

ares for eac 100 shares 

with £ b M>Phail is reported 
vhich Mr.McPba a n tion for 
e offered to ta a f ^ is pr in- 
ronths, on behalf <« sharea 

These two men will aiso^ ^ FeD _ 
return game m tne 
ruary 6th._• 

cun cusie , 


James B. Pomfret Ar- 
rested; Unable to 
Raise Bail 

Accused of having stolen a monvy j 

orders amounting crescent, , 

Express Company, dd until >.o- 

court today was rem an corn- 

morrow to enable three .o^ . n Sud . 
pany’s officials complete their 

bury tbis mormn^e mea ntime bail 

t Sw **»I“ tloa l ° S«! district iad in>t pom(ret . „h„ 

rmined l a t er - .., plans are The charge g laid Monday 

is of Mr. McPhails^plans & married man. was^^^ ^ com . 

include the e Worthing- afternoon by *->• Q 11f ibnrv* 

mentration Plant at Worth pany’s agent m Sudbury ^ 

he product to pe ee v,; s Eomfret was an .m by De- 

Ste. ^ieif rfeite executivesUrTss office Monday at^P^ gay they 

ent \°- Snorted to have re- tective Frank S ott. r stu b s 

cPhail is reportedjo oWained found blank money 

“JrSSS, w* Railway Employes 1 
: h ; srT“ om. ana the in- fl e f u se Wage Award 

rhe proposed rauu^ ^ in . 
; i0 is 'to 4 mine ° the deposit by 

*«rtUS Si mSc”™ alar 

Tan 25_-(Canadian 1 

^a»W5f .‘roW “4 »“» ior “-* r - 

*pS ,’tfS^ehara faded. , 

.rom the Delta con - 


{ration. _ 

>ver Sees Need 

Of Stable Currency 

shington, Jan- “^^g^xjnit- 


Klondyke Discoverer 
Dies in Yancouvei 

Vancouver, Jan. ^TT^hose sensa- 

dyke Bob” Creek in 

linnal discoveries at tj crazed 

1896 started thousand f | , g8 tQ the 
adventurers on the rrait bis last 

Klondyke, has Pa^ed residence 

long trail. He died at^ | 

*} er «h InSf another link with the 
fecadeThat is fast Jading. 


?W£ku»> •' 








1 . 





$1,200 each. The firm of Garvin i auui tuaiigou, u« ,.v>w) - 

Bullock is also to receive 7% per bring the trusts more in line with 
cenJZ/ofr the net profits /y tWcurrewJ. requirements. 

x J/ c /f $ 2 > 

Blue Quartz Mines 

To Seek Finances 

! Share Interest of H. C. Crow an Interesting Angle 
of Capital Structure of Reorganized 

ralne of such an event l. 
honor of the new industry th&. __ _ 

through the area to its east is emphasized by 
the more serious references of speakers who 
addressed Monday night’s banquet. Speaking 
from a vast fund of knowledge of mining and 
prospecting. Dr. J. B. Tyrell, who has been 
responsible for providing $1,300,000 in funds 
for development of the pioneer Kenty property, 
made very clear the difficulties that lie in the 
path of the mining operator. High cost power, 
to which he referred specifically, is only one of 
several obstacles to the progress of mining. 
These are obstacles which an enlightened pub¬ 
lic opinion is required to remove. Every dollar 
that can be cut from the cost of mining in a 
gold camp, whether in the form of lower taxa¬ 
tion, lower workmen’s compensation costs, and 
lower operating expenditures generally, means 
that millions of tons of ore that otherwise 
might be valueless can be brought within the 
range of profitable treatment. This, in turn, 
means additional expenditures on supplies, 
transportation and employment of labor. 

The development of a successful and profit¬ 
able mining field east of Chapleau promises to 
be the most important event that has occurred 
in Northern Ontario, with the possible excep¬ 
tion of the Frood development, since the dis¬ 
covery of Kirkland Lake. At this stage in the 
progress of the field it is impossible to forecast 
the future, but optimism and faith in the 
north’s mining resources has paid dividends in 
the past; we are confident they will again pay 
dividends in the future. 

■ S 

















li | 



















Interest in Blue Quartz Gold 
Mines is being revived by its presi¬ 
dent, Horace C. Crow, who plans 
making announcement of further 
financial arrangements next week. 
The Cartwright Gold Fields, which 
owned some 600,000 shares in Blue 
Quartz, is surrendering its charter ' 
and its Blue Quartz holdings are 
being distributed on the basis of 114 
shares for each share of Cartwright | 
held. H. C. Crow was one of the 
vendors of properties to the Cart¬ 
wright Gold Fields and as such re¬ 
ceived about one third of the shares 
issued and will accordingly receive i 
Blue Quartz shares pro rata. 

Blue Quartz Gold Mines, Ltd., was 
incorporated in 1921, statements at 
the time being that it was formed to 
acquire certain holdings of Cart¬ 
wright Goldfields, Ltd., and La Santa 
Lucia Gold Mines. The return to the 
Provincial Secretary, however, shows 
that of the $3,000,000 authorized , 
stock $2,000,000 in stock was given to 
the vendors for the claims turned over 
as well as some money and that in 
1928 an additional $200,000 of the 
stock was given to H. C. Crow and 
Dr. Tuck for additional claims, leav¬ 
ing only $800,000 in treasury shares 
to sell to the public. 

Increases Capitalization 
In the spring of 1928 the company 
acquired supplementary letters patent 
which permitted it to issue share 
warrants with respect to fully paid up 
shares upon deposit of the share cer¬ 
tificates, the depositors thereupon 
receiving share warrants with cou¬ 
pons payable to bearer for dividends 
or other rights which might later be 
declared upon the shares specified. 
On the statement that 90 per cent of 
the company’s stock had been sub¬ 
scribed and more than 50 per cent 
paid for, supplementary letters patent 
were also granted raising authorized 
capital from 3,000,000 to 5,000,000 
shares of $1 par value. 

Selling of these shares has pro¬ 
ceeded during the last ten years. 

An advertisement early in 1928 
stated that “the expenditure of pri¬ 
vate funds amounting to $575,000 has 
proved Blue Quartz as a mine of 
assured production.’’ Early in 1927 
plans for a 200-ton mill were reported 
and at intervals during the last de¬ 
cade highly encouraging reports were 
given to the public and to the share¬ 

Vendors Shares 
ew of the advertisement that 
"tiddture of private funds 
) $575,000 had been made, 
he 2,200,- 
of prop- 
endor of 

te how t 
. The v 

claims in 1921 to Blue Quartz is 
shown as J. F. Loudon, who received 
2,000,000 shares and $50,000 cash, 
nominating these shares to be deliv¬ 
ered among others to the following: 


H. C. Crow, sales manager 200,000 

H. C. Crow . 100,000 

Cartwright Goldlelds . 600,000 

*’La Santa Lucia Gold . 400,000 

H. C. Crow (in trust). 119,500 

J. H. W. Crow . 50,000 

E. C. Crow . 50,000 

Dr. J. A. Tuck . 50,000 

Dr. J. A. Tuck . 100,000 

Harry Hibbard .. 50,000 

Jacob Bennett . 60,000 

C. H. Taylor . 50,000 

D. A. Marshall . 50,000 

Marshall, E. C. Crow, J. H. W. 
Crow, Hibbard are shown as resident 
in England and so are a dozen others 
who received less amounts than 60,000 
shares. John Loudon, nominal vendor, 
received 500 shares. 

The mine is at Painkiller Lake. Six 
of the claims owned by the company 
are shown as either wholly or partly 
under water and their value would 
depend on the results of work on 
other claims. Dr. J. B. Tyrrell, well 
known geologist examined the com¬ 
pany's property several years ago 
with the view to interesting his prin¬ 
cipals. He did nothing further and 
it is not known that developments 
have altered the outlook. 

Shares outstanding at the end of 
1931 are shown as 2,956,208 shares of 
which 756.208 shares would be treas¬ 
ury shares as compared with 656,208 
treasury shares at the end of 1928, an 
indication that 100,000 shares have 
been sold somewhere since 1928. Less 
than 12.000 treasury shares are shown 
as having been sold in 1928. The 
shares, the company states, have been 
sold all the way from 30 cents to 
$1.50 a share. They were offered early 
in 1928 at 50 cents a share. Earlier in 
the year the Provincial Secretary’s' 
Department was notified that H. C. 
Crow had offered to purchase 100,000 
shares of the company at 30 cents a 

Questions Asked 

The Financial Post, while glad to 
publish the information given above, 
believes the shareholders should 
know much more concerning their 
company. In view of the fact that at 
the end of 1931 shares issued to 
vendors were three times as much as 
shares sold to the general public, 
shareholders would be greatly inter¬ 
ested to know how many shares of the 
original allotment are now held by 
the principal officers of the company. 
They would be interested also in 
learning of the actual expenses met 
by holders of vendor’s stock to justify 
such a huge allotment back in 1921, 
and they would like to hear from a 
conservative, independent source an 
opinion as to the prospects of the 
property and an estimate as to the 
funds necessary to test out these 

f^zhrJx,, ^riun'is 


De Wit. Atlas Major— cont. 

IX 3 

The most important maps and charts are: — 

i. World-map, in two hemispheres, with decorative corners. 

62. Scandinavia. 

80. Greece. With series of 14 coloured views round the sides. 

113. East Indies, the Archipelago & N.W. Australia. 

117. Continent of Africa. 

122 .Continent of America. 

123. North America. 

124. West Indies, Gulf of Mexico & north of S. America. 

125. South America. 

126. The World in hemispheres, with large engraved vignettes in corners. 

127. Large sea-chart of Europe & the Mediterranean. 

142. South & West Africa. 

143. South & East Africa. 

144. Australia & East Indian Islands. 

146. Pacific Ocean, with Island of California & parts of New Zealand & 
Australia, etc. 

147. Hudson’s Bay & N.E. America. 

148. Central America & the West Coast of S. America. 

149. West Indies & Tierra Firme. 

151. Brazil. 

152. Argentina & Chile, with Tierra del Fuego. 

All maps are in good condition, but there is a small patch on back of title owing 
to the colour corroding the paper. 

458 DIBDIN (Tho. Frognall). A Bibliographical, Antiquarian, 
and Picturesque Tour in France and Germany. 

With 12 engraved portraits, etc. and facsimiles of various autograph 

Second Edition. 3 vols., 8vo, calf, gilt. 

London, Robert Jennings, 1829. £3 15s 

458a Ditto. Another copy in contemporary blue straight-grain 
morocco, gilt, g.e. £6 6s 

459 DISTANT (W. L.). A Naturalist in the Transvaal. 

With coloured illustrations of insects on 5 plates, 2 other plates and 
28 other illustrations. 

tv o, pp. 16; 277, brown pictorial cloth. 

/London, R. H. Porter, 1892. £1 15s 

460 DOBBS (Arthur). An Account of the Countries adjoining 
to Hudson’s Bay, in the North-West Part of America - - - . With 
an Abstract of Captain Middleton’s Journal, and Observations upon 
his Behaviour during his Voyage, and since his Return - - -. 

The whole intended to shew the great Probability of a North-West 
Passage, so long desired; and which (if discovered) would be of the 
highest Advantage to these Kingdoms. 

With engraved folding map. 

(Continued over) 


Mining Dividends 



Rate Oct. 12 % 

„.. 20c 



Anglo-Huioman ...» 


• • 

.... 10c 



Aunor Goia.. 

.... tie 



Bayonne . .. 



• * 

Berens Ri\er . 

Bralorne . 


... 12c 



Broulan Pore. ••••• 
Buffalo Ankerlte .. 




• • 

Bulolo GrOia . 

.. 8c 


• • 

Can. Maiaruc . 

.... 15c 


• • 

Cariboo Goia j . 

.. 15c 


• • 

Central Patricia ... 


• • 

Chesterville • • •• • • • 
Cochenour Willans 

.... 6c 



.. 10c 


• • 





Cons. Smelters ... 

$ 1 - 4 - $1.50 
. fic 


Dome Mines . 

.... 15c 


• • 

East Maiaruc .•••• 
Francoeur Gold .. 

.... A4C 
... 2c 


.07 J /a .. 

Goldale Mines ... 

. 4c 

.12 Vi 


• • 

Grull Wihksne ... 


... 40c 


1,55 25.8 



• • 

Bald ^ 

10'. 8 

Hedlcy Mascot .. 

. 65c 


Hollinger . . 

.ll 3 / 

4 • » 


Howey^Goia • ••• 

.... $2 


Inter. Nickel, com 
Tsiand Mountain . 



.... 8c 





Kerr Lake . 

.... 6c 


Kirkland Lake . • • 
Lamaque Gold .... 

. 80c 



.. 1 

Lake Shore . 

. 8c 





20’. 8 



• • 

Madsen K. • • • 

.. *10c 


• • 

Maiaruc uqia 

.10 Vi 

• • 

McGillu 1 Loai .. 

... 12c 

.44 72 27 

Mcl^cnzie — g c 

\ Moiieta . ■ ■ 904.^1 11 

Mclntyre-Porc. . $2.22+Sl.ii 

MacLeod-CoCkshutt .... 









... tlOc 


• • 

...... 3c 


• • 

O'Brien Gold . 

.... 8c 


• • 

.... t25c 


• • 


• • 



• • 

Pend Orei 11^ ...*•• 

.. 16 c 


• • 




.. 30c 




•• ( 



. . 

.... 7Vic 


Preston E. Dome 
Privateer Mines . 



.. 12 c+lc 
... *2c 



.. < 


. 20c 


•• I 

... 14C + 6C 


.. 16c+4c 


.... 10c 



.60 c 


Sigma Mines. 

. 16c 


• . 

. *5c 



• • 

...... 2Vic 


• . 

. 9c 


. • 

. lc 





. 40c 


... llc+2c 



, .. t5Va 


.... 20c 


.... 40c 


. 3c 


9 . 1 * fi 

Wright Harg. ^ p \ 

*Paid in 1941. ‘Yield including bonus, 
tInitial. tPaid in 1942 to date. 


OCTOBER 8th, 1942 


MacLeod-Cockshutt, Preston East Dome 
and Kirkland Lake Gold Position 

I have shares in MacLeod-Cockshutt, Preston East Dome and Kirkland Lake 
Gold. I bought these shares at higher prices than they are at present, but I did not 
sell when the slump came, as after reading The Northern Miner I came to the 
conclusion there was a good chance they could recover after the war, and also that 
they could keep going even if they had to reduce their tonnage and dividends for a 

I notice Kirkland Lake Gold has again reduced its dividend. I thought from 
what The Northern Miner said this mine had found more ore and would be able 
to meet its dividend, and now it is cut in half. 

In regard to Preston you have always spoken well of this mine, but I notice 
you are not quite so definite in your opinion with regard to the lower levels in the 
last issue of the Miner. 

With MacLeod-Cockshutt it seems to be just bad luck that is holding this mine 
back. Is there any chance of their paying a dividend this year? Any remarks you 
may choose to make would be appreciated.—A. E. Q., Birtle, Manitoba. 

There is no question about the new ore develop¬ 
ments on the Kirkland Lake property, particularly 
in the block between 4,000 and 5,440 ft. in the 
west section of the mine. We have commented 
on this situation three times since August. We 
remarked that the current developments at that 
depth would attract wide attention in normal 
times, because not only are they highly important 
to the mine itself but possibly to neighboring 
mines as well. The top 400 ft. of this 1,400-ft. 
block has been fairly fully developed and partially 
mined, but there remains 1,000 ft. depth in the 
block which is intact and only partially explored. 

There are two types of orebodies: one occurs in 
the sediments off the nose and along the sides, 
of the porphyry mass; the second type, which has 
been followed from 4,100 to 5,400 ft., is a series 
of veins some distance west of the porphyry 
branch, off to the northeast from No. 6 fault. 
Of course, there will require to be a lot more 
development done before the whole picture is 
visible, but all the evidence accumulated to date 
suggests an important addition to the reserves. 

It is not possible to translate such a develop¬ 
ment immediately into production and profits. 
As you probably are aware, this company in com¬ 
mon with all the gold mines is suffering from 
lack of experienced mining labor. The September 
quarter production figures will shortly emerge and 
will disclose the position. In any event this mine 
is shaping up in a highly satisfactory way for 
future operations. 

Preston East Dome is maintaining its production 
fairly well at the reduced rate, although the third 
quarter may show some decline in output because 
of the lower milling capacity. As we have pointed 
out before, Preston was particularly hard hit by 
the Metals Controller’s order setting the ceiling 
on mill tonnages. The order caught the company 
in a particularly vulnerable position, since it was 
then in the midst of an expansion program arising 
out of the Government’s request last year for 
increased gold production. 

In dealing with the new block of levels between 
the 7th and the 12th we commented, in Septem¬ 
ber, that because of the irregularity of the Preston 
orebodies it was difficult to determine tonnage 
definitely until actual stoping had been done. 
We said that, although it would be some time 
before sufficient work was done on the new block 
of levels. It would appear that all in all they 
were good and compared favorably with the levels 
above. This is probably all the information that 
even the management could give you at the pre¬ 
sent time, due to the nature of the structure at 
this particular mine. In any event, at the end 
of last year the company computed 920,000 tons 
in reserve, which would be sufficient for three 

that there are no worries at the moment. When 
more details are available we shall take pleasure 
in printing them. 

We dealt with MacLeod-Cockshutt in consider¬ 
able detail in September 24th issue. The situation 
there is quite clear, the company having ploughed 
back $750,000 of its earnings into additional mill¬ 
ing equipment and into underground develop¬ 
ment, with a view to raising the milling rate as 
requested by the Ottawa Government. This money 
having been spent, the structures and machinery 
having been erected, and the underground work 
done, Ottawa then ordered that a ceiling be 
placed on the milling rate, which restrained 
MacLeod-Cockshutt to a 700-ton a day operation. 
The company protested but did not get anywhere; 
thus shareholders have been deprived of earnings 
which are represented by structures, machines 
and work which are non-productive for the time 
being. When conditions become normal, however, 
MacLeod will be in excellent position to increase 
its profits rapidly. As the company has not paid 
a dividend since last December, it is possible that 
there may be a distribution before the end of the 
year. As at September 30th, 1941, the net working 
capital was about $500,000, since which date a 10c 
dividend, calling for $286,249, has been paid, but 
operating profits probably have accumulated. 

Please bear in mind that the shortage of labor 
is bothering all gold mines and the government 
will not permit any mine to expand or any new 
mine to open. We are surprised you are not 
aware of the situation. The disabilities will end 
as soon as the war does and we expect that the 
government then will be urging the gold mines, 
through every means at their command, to'expand 
their outfits. 

* * * * * 

which is 

too ditto Prime Jlrcfh t ' 

[f)T) c 'JSlI, 

i.l Toil; 

Mt lit, 

Candle Mould* which 
nidi 10 well'll, Mock Ti 

-» •" b'J"Ke. 

A lie its! I2lli; IS'O. 



.aiieijr of usefu 

OJ. per Be 

subset! ir. 

urtment of Wi nighl 
i on, Double an I hin- 
Ratlcrns, Potash' Kct- 
M, Dutch Ovcni, Pots 
Spiders, Cast Weights, 
fill works, of all u Inch 

I’rice, 4. Dollars per Annum.]] 




rni.vTr.u and p. bushed KEYHE Reverend Mr. Pruntonand Mr. R. Tail, 

-k, ". V,,, t -H- pfcctfully inform, that they opened their Acede- 

FI N AMU M MOWER, my, oil Monday the 27th instant, at No. 18 St. Jnc- 

Brkk-Building ncarh/ opposite / > 0.VA0l'\s, < ] ,lcs ;? lrect ' 

Paul Street. 

City Tavern, St. 

TEEMS in' i lit cuurtAMT 
per Annum, (cscluslre ol Postage) pnyalil 


ft. Oil. first insertion, und tit, I-: 

4d. first Insertion anil lOtf eorl 
Above ton lines 4i/ per line for the 
; for e very subsequent i 

directions nre inserte 

Ni>v. 29th, IK20. 

two hundred shares in the hioe Canal navigation, a 
special rue tin" of proprietors jeilj lie held, at theCoin- 

Oflire, in ATeGill Sirect. on Monday the 8th day nf 
January next, at ELEVEN o’clock in the forenoon, for 
the purpose of taking into consideration; the propriety of 
petitioning the Legislature, for malting certain alccratiiiu* 
for facilitating the circuiion nf the Canal Act, without 
deviating from the principles tliritnf. 

The Proprietors arc therefore requested to attend 
that time and plate, hy rhem.rlve* or proxies, duly ai 
lliorized to vote on their behalf, aud which puMtibunuM 
be proprietors. - - ' > - U - 

lly Order ot the Commiir"' it Management. 

[]VoL. A IV.— .\u. o/. 

bnt ‘ havoicd," ' 

ISO bnrrd. Mess and 'fifte P or /.- of tlp s 


Kb.. unrt „r T';,° r ixszxzz 

“4 ditto Duincrnra It 

part or X i: 
’ '"S'- 

r ot the Commit 

F. GltlFFJN, Trcasr. & Secy, 
roll 1820. 31 — 

i, of i he best 
|mqne Noyeau 

re, Ground do, 
Sweet and Itic- 

WUr an I Ci- 
, Nug ,r I 'andy, 

L E puldic est informd qu'o In requisition deplus 
Jr vnigi propriftairs, posrcdnnt plus dc deux cemi 
pans dans le Canal de Larliinv. u*.c assemalee specials 
des proprifiaircs sera tenue au bureau Ue la Compagnic, 
dan* la ri.c McGill, Luudi le 8 re Janvier prochain, 
bcur'S dll matin pour prendre cn consideration Vil 
lvicndroit pas de prisentcr One requfiie it la legisla¬ 
ture pnur certains cb.inpemems facilitnnt 1'cxdcution de 
1'drte du canal sms pourcant y ddroper. 

Lcs propri.'uiro tont to consequence requisdc sc trou. 
ei r a la dite ..-v mblcr, eu pets, ooc nu uuemeni ropri- 

eirc propr ftaires ^ 
i . GRIFFIN, Tres. & Seer. 

I'D It S \ L li 
-t »-r\ BARREL'S Sulmou. 

J 100 half ditto. 

10 Barrels Salmon Trout, 

A do. Mackerel, 

SO do. Oil, 

450 Quintals Dry Cod Fish. 


December let, 1800._.12— 


AN active youth of 1C years, would wish to engage 
with n wholesale or retail merchant lor a ter, 
years. Apply to the printer. 

Oct. 9th 1820. 25—sin 

asket Salt, 
•Copperas, Salad 
W i hi ilnrc .ur 
■Tams, Ps irl a 

J.v it""’, Windsor 
Kitty, Black I.cnl 
wishes, Gunpowder 


Mptchant Taylors 

R, E ,U E m? U . , i; LV ,"" , ™ i,t "" ir "W "f'lrimitb Sltnre Mo'ukU nnd B;: 
olnp burnt Lawrence from London their hill supply ol t i„. , r , , 

suatonDblc anil fashionable Goods, among which arc 
the best qnalliiirs of Superfine Cloths and Cassimeres 
of every colour in vogue; striped and other Floren¬ 
tines, Patent wnter proof cnmhlets for Cloalts. v/alking 
Belts and a variety of crcry thing in their line. Also, 
addition to their a .sortnsent of military artic les. Gold 

re... Jli-'.i. h-. J^_h--^li:i.a | t-.Qia»'li.i';-.l~. miUOlit lor 

Pertinents and other nrttSuiq winch wi!I onublc thcm 
coniplcnt mo't HU orders for military dre “ 

1 hey have also received some Garments from the 
most approved tayior in tin- v.e.r end of London 
which are of the most recent fashions; and They hope 
by a continuation of their assiduous ntfentinn at nil 
tunes to meet the wishes ofllioir employers, that they 
will be enabled to give perfect satisfaction. 

Nov. oil, 1820. os- tf 

iO ditto Gcncscc S 
and other choice 
o firkins American 
fete half barrels Mess 
Flour in half barrels. Dry 

December 1st, 1820. 

I nm up, 

® of Penfiel i 

** »ni.L- . 

^.kees fee.11 T.nnl. 

best Fast rtf 
Cod Fish. etc. 
G_LS'J (i.V. 


sorp_wpo;.E(r.vt,E'.is:i •’ 


Si. Lnirrcncr striel sreor. 

II. solicits Gr.eeru 
' r girethe ullme urtirl- 
liliil IIiimiI Mipcriiir tin'iniSS'cn 
elmnly «« they will nyillier it 
To furilllate their inlnsTiiyli’ 
as they cou possibly hr inebr 
’.Small size. No. I - 
Miilillc i|o ilo I ■ 
Large ilo ilo 9 - 

A liberal 1 uljuwniiCe to nu r 


i" Wfli dtfri' TV 

jdni riim luml iliev will 
;'T|hfi-ferr more iliirnbh- 

1 P ,lr *'nr^o le, hI-o, t'lieaii” 

“ Po- fqll tiic price as I,, 

■okhijt n qimhtily. 

.1 Ui>T I’LLL SHtD. j 



Containing, in hdtllubi o tlie usual info 
(ion in The Calendar pages, 
entertaining matter. 
ik>Pr,ICE- A'ltic Poliors per —,'j. 

noil Tinee Kivcrs Iron U ie House; No. 1 
Dame Street,— n large a 

, —sober Iinb- 
be accommodated with Hoard and Lodg- 
drratp terms, by applying ut No. 2, The- 
rcm.stn ei. near the N'. .W. .More. 

Oct. 25tll, 182'). o 6 _ t f 

fok sale, 

A SITES—I'ot.und Priirl. 

i-l- * ■ 

I’GH K—Piinm m.,1 M, «, 

FLOE K — Flue nail Superfine. 


Mjy 20th, 1 s-."i. ^_, f 

eiBomtSif aericuiturat e-cu-ip. 

THE Committee nJJ'er the f„U wr,n J rrrliuv to 
Le on u rtl at ntl/iv J xhil/ltlon itf I at lies, t hern . 
mul Cattle, for 1820. ° • i 

S HOW ill I .,1 llogi and Fat Shcrp at ihe head nf i lie 
New Market, on Thursday the l!)th day ofJaDuarv 
.'U o'clock A. M. ’ 


To the farmer that.shall prcducc 'veil slauph- 
n-rcd, the 4 I.etvitM and best faiuii'd 
hogs railed ft f..iienvd from the prr.nuce 
.•cighing less 

SEiiMued Tloe.tds mul I'lajiks bv 

A. «- ;M. H. GILBERT, Oil Mart,it. 
Mnnlrefi). Feb. I bb IS.‘II. 4 ’ if 

so i ice. 

1 , “THE subscriber having xiennu-nccd business in those 
ennvvmvhi and extensive, belonging to the 
Heirs ol life lace. I. Gllurlcbnis, Esq. 118, St. Josrpli-Slrcit, 
R.'collei Suburbs, o'ppusite Mr. Racine’s-; rvspeci fully ar- 
qiiaims bi> friends aud ihe public, ihil lie ha* now on 
baud a rlioicv supply nf Wires. Spiriiwms Lii/nn-s, Cirili- 
iti'.-Achls <\r. His Gmceric’s an ult of, //j/'v years imp,ala. 
Ian, and Ining f-lectcd with mu h care, will lie found ve¬ 
ry superior in qUiilitv, end the 1‘riees uncommctnly h \v. 

Sept. 2d, If20. 19—tf 


' PRE Coparth'T'l.'ji heretofore existing under die Firm 
J- ol Wni. ft 'Finn. Hutucr ii tine day disn.lved by nm- 
nial eomc-nt. All persons having 'demands against the 
said firm arc requested in present ihe name hu adjust- 

mem, tuid all pvisviii indebted.(hereto are rrquested lo 
p .y thcamounr of their respective debts m William Hun 
lev, v.ho i* duly amboriied id receive the taine and grant 
di[charges. WILt-lAM HUNTER. 


N’cv. 17th, IP‘20. 30—tf 


| Jt EDEEMLD at one per cent disroiini. by 
lb. J Oils'. lGlUtANCE. 

Scpt. 22J, IS20. 22— 



minim the I.adies nf i TS 
: has received a very 1 f 
amongst which are 
i and Bodies 

r jj' , HE Subscribers Inform their Customers and the 
J. pul.Iic in general, that they linveon hand, Draft 
Roer— ruble do— Brown Stour—and Mild Ale—which 
may be had either in Casks or Bottles. 

30,000 superior pressed Brink * for mle by 

Feb. 2£>tn, 1820. 

Kng Kin v 

" "'ri.’la. ’ 


m rail;. No cliar- 
. f'inccnt Strecr, 
■ .ppo-itv Mr Gunner- 
B EHRAUL'F, {• Co. 


light Moscovado Sugar. 

■ 10 X is—6-J X 9J, 

of ruled account Bnoki. 


■fYnC.''-" 1 ' 1 of Shares i 
■ I,ke pb'CC i 

1 l February next tor til 
* L'j'rarian. Ballot t0 fi 
U o clock. 

pMAN BETUNE, Treas. 


the immediate vicinity within sii-lit.and only a s 
the Old Market, being on the premises No. 52 
5t Paul Street. Enquire of 


lo ' v ' _ 

MovTRote. lStli bec. lH2o. < 1 
T.I. persons having claims on the Mrintreal Fire Insu¬ 
rance Company, are requested tn send them to ibis 
r before ihe tenth of Jtnuary rnsmlig. Prin- 
also desired in furnish rheir'account"'as above, 
made up to ilic first Monday in Fehruary, to wbi c |, 
cid it is understood, they will continue the advertisem-m 
for a General Meeting of Mockholders to dissolve this 

By Order of the Fre.ident and Directors 
_ J- BLpAK.LEY, Secy, ft Trc.v 

Dec. TCth TfiOO. 

ith feet and t ars, Ten Ki ttle 
nml a variety of Castings Troni 
he will have a constant’supply 

JO Tons I.f ± : Iron, 

10 do Old .-mbits l’.mrio, 

2 Tons (.'lowly iMilliilglon Steel, 

1 do very lust (L.) 

1 Case Piitint Bolting Cloths. 

N. T>.—Orders lor Mill and oilier Cnsti 
attended lo. 

P UBLIC Notice is hereby given that M'Lcnn and 
Wilson Merchants of this place have mmleu'er nll 
No-jthcir property, for the benefit of tlteir Creditor-, to 
,..i,. iIn- nndcrsitinetl, us trustees by deed passed before 

Montreal, Gth Oct. 1820. 

ig' punctually 


'j HE Subscribers have rerciicd n consignment of' 
Brussels Curpcting, ol' Lkmiit Paueins, with 
few Hearth Rugs to nintdi. 

—a i. s o— 

Floor Oil Cloths, liirpc sizes, anil neat Patterns. 

MACN'IDER, AlRDfi; Co. A. & B. 
Jone loth, 1820. 

farm and m 
To tlie larmer for the nrri 

Mil EP. 

To the firmer that *hil! produce alive tho 

5 heaviest and faitcst IVcthcrs, ni ne 
li-s* tlian 3 veir old, railed and fat¬ 
tened on his own firm. 

To do do ruxi 5 v ethers do 

To do do next 3 do do 

Jo do do r'xt 3 do ilo 

To do do next 4 do do 

To tin- farmer that -hall produce alive the 5 !» 
fain »t lin es noi k‘s thin 3 ycats c 
tened on his I own farm 
To do do next 5 ewes do do 

to do do next 3 do do do 

To do ilo next 3 do do do 

To do do next 3 do. do do 

On Thursday the Ut P ,y of March next : 

the New Market at 10 o'clock A. M. 

Ti. ihe farmer producing the.heavier hc«t failed n rai r 
' J *“ (he prouuic ot his own farm. 

20 1 loll*. 

do do do 

sed end fattened o 

i raised and fan- 
9 Dolfj; 
7 do. 

do do do 

do do licit do do do 12 do. 

do do next, do do do 10 do. 

do do next do do do 8 do. 

do do next do do do 6 do. 

do do next do do do 4 do. 

do do next do do do 2 do. 

mi want of Competition any claimcnt may heron 
milled to premium* under a liberal cor.strunioi 
a tlie opinion of the Judges the o'j. n .IT” «. i. 
not deserving the Same, the Judges shall have a right to 
reject such Claimcnt. 

Ly Order, H-.C &< T- 

Mor.ireal, Aiig 29fh, H 

FOR SALE hy IVx. -V Fqfffs,^ 

St. Ann Siihur^— *** 

Henry Grifiin Esq, N. 1‘. bearing date 27 ill hcpl. last. 
Such of their Creditors :ir nre desirous of becoming' 
parties thereto will Gin! the ileed ofn.'sigr.ment ready for 
their signuture r.t the ofBcc of the said Henry Griffin. 

All Persons indebted to the said i- tate nre rc 
to make iinirt'cdjite [mynient to either of the tin 
ed or to Jamls .Mi in an - , who is duly autly 
thciii to pram e- .ni’.nuicc;. 

(■>ined) F. Ant 

tention of Farmery 

Montreal, Rib, Oct. 1819. 

l.'UVs dkhwldK 
'- 3 ce of ilmir dillerent sorts ol llecrto tW 

Burton Ale, 90s. per III:il. 

Mild Ale, 
Table But . 
Small Beer, 



' d ‘lip .Copartnershipheretofore carried on ttr- 
T>iioo d ?' the ,in ”. oi ] OOtlGI, AS ft CI-lAM- 

loopry, of tlijx city, was dissolved hy mutual 

consent, on ,hc loth Instant. y\|) person- who 
arrn ‘ ' *» ^' riTI ' '. v '^ please pay tluir reipeefive 

accounts ,° Jp.iv Douglab, Junr. who is alone author 
-wed ti give and grant ..onuittaoccs. 

•foils DOUGLAS, Junr. 

... U M . .OlULMEltS. 

Montreal, Dec. 13th, 1820. rs _ - 



R 138 SI. Pan! Street. ' ’ 

-TURNS hi, sincere lliank* l„r past favours. : 
begs leave most respectfully to inform il„: | J( 
aim Gentlemen of Montre d and it, vicinity that he 
|US| received per the Sr. Liwrenrp a „u. , 

- rm. Jim »w=h 5$ gj*a?arr 

ver Gray Rear Skin WulT, and T.npel, Z ™ m 
Mock Sable■ Muff, and Tippet,, alsdffiij.Mock s 
blc and N,-a Nk... Bonliclt. nf il IF |a (P „ Fasl.mhs Oil. 
.aver, Seal Skm and Creamer Fur Can,, Carriole Rob, 
|>ron*and Fur. of every dcscnp.ion 

.h» aSS!,* 2S Jr “ ,d ' ‘W- " d ”< d '«r 

Nov. IOiIi, IRyo. 09 

J '° r .. Sa/e h 'l‘C Nf ibscribrrs, 

° ' . 1 line Cutlery,' 

V ft ti S r V,h ’ A “ vil ’a.ul'vices. 


nvr s ” i JTEH ft WILKINS, 

i i. received an atsortmni* of Tar'd Pordier 

isk'we. as* »■ &SZ, 

July 22(1,,1820. 

-IL lie;l , f Uarranted falling Ans, broad axel, blush 
honks, and Mortice chissels, kept cni.-tantlv for sale 
e stare of Samuel IUdqc ft No. C6 Sl. Paul 
Street—Likewise,at the shop of Sajii'cl llcoce in Glass 
laoe, vzlicre Ploughs..f van-us kinds arc kept le.idy fo 
“lo._Sept. 8th, 1820. 20—tf 


Not subject to any charge or lots cl Fade. 

A SUBS'! A NTIALLY huilt,*sji,icioxn Ilcihe in tin 
town of Williom-IJenrv, situated in the Rovnl 
Sqiiare, next to the Protestant Church, and lately 
occupied by D. A. C. General Monk. The premise's 
include S town lots; convenient outhouses of even- des¬ 
cription, quite new; and n garden in an excellent Mine 
of cultivation, colHnining 'u great number of fruit trees 
*W. The dwelling llnil-e h in the most comfortid.lJ 
condition, having lately undergone a thorough repair 
A finctoncd, new piuno-lonc will ahohe dupoScd' 
ot. For the property, mi indisputable ( j t | c wi || bt . 
given, nml convenient terms of payment. Apply 
Mrs. Barutv, No. 9 St.Jean Bbptiuo .Street, or 
Mr. Geo. Graves William-Henry. 

April 1 Oth, 18?o. 51—tl 

GDs. do do. 7s. do. ^'Z £"= 

40s. do do. Js. Cd do. | ~ ~ r ' 
2Gs. £d. do. J , 

N. B. Cu*toiiiers at Sorel nnd Three Rivers, will be 
stip-plied with any quantity ot the above rates, during 
the navigation without any charge for freight—Orders 
will be received by the masters nT the Slhnqi Boat* 
Lady Sberbrook, Mulshdm ft Ncw-Swiftsure. ’ 

The reduced prices will commence alter the 22d, 

Alontreal March lsili, 1820. 

a Farm for sale. 

H"use, Shiuglu-r I louse and Stable.—Apply to Robert 
Sheldon, JleGill Street, or to Jleury Sheldon on th 


All Persons indebted to tlie subscriber m book or not 
art requested to call aod settle without delay. 

Nov. 4th. 1870. IS— 

.. I*, -i \nn-iy hi 

quulliy >iij.erlur lo 

JOHN M MtWO'JD ft t o 

S,fi r,'J:S M, m 

miy )ei oll'eml lotlie pillule. 

—A L S O — 

A rrw Hiimney Grates nhd Fire Krml.r,. They hare 
'rived o few Hel-nir Stove*, wi.o-j, 5( , 

I the sum- i|iMI|l'ly of wood b.„ hl p, ,| iFnli vv ;',| 
limn diuiiile i l.r lieu I II would ill u Siuvi. ,,r II,,. 
mlnmry roimtif lion. T,„ u »r nm , „n .,( ,|„. Ilhnv J.' 

reduced prives, |„, C l .|, or ' 

ulc at the a 
approved oreilii, 

Srpi 3 lib. 1820. 

A. m-i ^f' 1 "'' c "'"i'tii'B of Mlmtu*, 

W. Spraggs. 

December 1 Gih. IS90, 

warranted sound and i„ K „ od con ,,« 
Dune Street; directly opp'-ue |\| r ,, r , , 

LLVt Mow-ER. ° 

, , TO IlE LE I, 

r P MdF "‘‘S'' ' nrM "" »Crf, 

r IIE riiree Mory Brick Hnilding#do!y erected lu, 
A the Mibseriber in St. Joseph Suect. J trtUul ^ 
i ron, n- proximity to tlie Harbonran.l landino nln<. n 

K., ail,. i» a ». .-lUbl'lN lUviu.reil. 


Montreal, Nov. 3d, I S20. 


Just rccctcnl al the I. Olid on lint ll'nrchousc A 'a. I2fi Si 
Paul Street, half uay bcticecn Ilic Old and New Mari 
let P ores. 

r j TIE Subscriber most respectfully informs his friends 
and the public, that lie has just received cx the 
v t. Lawrence and Alexander.from London a very c.\k 
tensive assortment of 

n A T s. 

Among which are Ladies most fashionable White, 
Drub, Brown, Purple nnd Black Reaver Bonnets tie- 
guntlv triniin'd with Princes Feathers, ftc fte. ftc. 
CKljffrfin’s ilo do do do. 

Ladies Fashionable Straw do. ' 

Geritlcmen’s most fusbionaldc warranted Water 
Proof Beaver Flats of a superior quality. 

Ditto superfine Beaver ditto, 
do do Drab do do. 
do do do Green under brim do. 
do do blHik nnd drab broad brim d<J. ' 
do black and drab T.cghor 

hereby given, that Alxr. Chitliolm 
of this place, Merchant, has made over nil his 
property fur the benefit of his Creditors; to tlie trader- 

signed hs Trustees, by Deed passed before N. B. Dou- A " ; •vy‘ 'A 1 ;'"" " 

cei, Esq. N. P. bearing date 13th instant. Such Uro- U ,X, 01 ' 1 ' s bli,rk '"’ ll ,l,;,b . u « ,vc , r ,, 

dilors n, arc desirous of becoming parties thereto, will U , ", r f{ ! !l ' sorllucnt of ‘ VIen » Youth’s I’latcd 

find ihe Deed of assignment ready lor their Signature,, n " 00 '* a,s • 

at tlie office of the'.said N. B. Doilcct.—All persons . * 1 s 

indebted to the said Estate* arc requested to make im-| _j of Hat Trimmings. OH- 

niediate pay niont to cither of the undersigned, who 
duly authorised to grant acquittances. 


July 14th, 1820. ]2— 


r HL subscribers Imgt (gave tn inform ihe Public, ih: 
Ib. v ran be ?uoplied with Candles at (he Mark, 
Price, ( Warranted „! a s.i/ienur quality ) at th- ir F.ictnrv. 
Montcalm bireet, Quebec Sul url.s, nr at Mcs-rs, J. C- 
ce ft Co. nml Mr. William Lane's, Old Market or at 
MaiibndV, corner Si. Pmjl an ,| Ft. .Tn* f .h s'rcets. 

the convenicncy of 

Deccoihcr lGlh, IS20. 

" r "J 1 ' ’"””TT„r/, „„i7ras 

UspqunrrD „f,i„ ; b 


r IIE subscriber grateful Jor the enrol,raeemenf 
and Miopori lie has experienced in business, an. 
pressed with sentim'nt* ol reJpvct—lieg» |,.,.v c io inform 
Ins l-’riciid* and the Puhlic in generd, he his on-ned 
Livery Smblc adjoining his Cod'ce Home i n Capital 
reel, and having engived careful and attentive Ostlers, 
he hopes fur a rnnrimi .iice of ihe very bbernl patronage' 
he has already been honoor.d sviih. 


December IJili, 1920. g.| _ 



No. 62 St. Charles Jjurrumie Sheet Si. Lawrence 

O RDERfs for Ink to he directed to A. ft M. TJ. oil- 
hurt. Old AlarVet, who are appointed ag' ms (nr sel- 
ling the same, nnd where a supply of News and Bonk Ink 
is constantly kepi on hand. 

Montreal, IVcr ;>th, IH.X>. 35 — tf 

A FKW Real Dutch Bolling Cloths 

for "iilc, by DAVID DAVID. 

At..meal, 6th Sept. f8i8. 19 —'/ 

cd Silk, nml Oil’,I Silk Hat^fevers, White and Vellow 
Tinscll Cords. White, Rcd-prid Black Morocco >kins. 
Blocking Cord. Packing Twine, Raising Cards, Vurde- 
gre I*e Copperas, Oil Vitriol] Aquafortis, and best cliip. 
ped Logwood. —1.1 kiwis r. — 

A quantity nf Chiidronb Morocco Shoes assorted co¬ 
lors. The whole, or any part of the uliove be offers 
for snle nt the most reduced prices, for Cash or an, 
proved Ciejjit. 

,, Robert McGinnis. 

Montreal, 17 th June, 1820. s— tf 

N. B. Town wni counir)' merchants will be sup. 
dlicd on the mostfavourublc terms. 


F IRE-WOOD of descriptions Hard or Mixed (bard 
and soft) ns may suit purchasers, For Sa!o hy 

No. 26, Si. Fraxfoii Xavier-slreel. 

Dec. 5th, 1820. 


r j 1 T'. undersigned, bring doly authorised to art on he- 
A h ill ot the minor children of ihe laic William RaU 
ston of Montreal, Farmer, hereby request* all persons 
hiving claims against the Estate ol the said William Ral- 
«, pr »mt them, properly authenticated, for exaiU- 
in, and all thoie. indehtrd to the laid Estate, to make 
payment without delay, at the office of Hart Logan 5; Co’ 
Saini S’cramcnt Street. J AS. LOGAN. 

Nov. 25th, 1820. 31— if 


rTpIIEonly real preservative for vegetables, forule by 
JS the subscriber? old Market: ' 

- it. >ilt, 1820 -20— Ml. THOMPSON 


TW S. BpNKER respect'ully informs the inbaKitanti 
iJ* ri Montreal that hr has m.,dea considerable addi- 
to the Wall Struct House and fitted it up i n a 
very .superior manner for the accommodation of Lnrfir, 
ml Gentlemen ivbo are travelling to ihii city, and solicit 
share rj their pairono*,,. 

a ilia re eJ their patronage 

New- York, Nov. 6th ISSa, 

n Sundays aud holiday; 


KltolcMir prices Current. 

CIlBfSC, Kuglisll. 


Cb'ocoluicj . 

Coni, Newcastle.. .. 

Liverpool.«., \v..\. * 

" West Ii’Ji.1. < 

Silmnn, pickin'. 

Gunpowder, 1 iogIisti, pee 100 lb 

1 njigo, Ki.ii liinm. 

Three lliverswroui'hl 
da Plough Shore moulds, 

English Bolt. 

Sheer . . 

Mill ami Ollier Callings.. 

Kettles, Poliish . 

Tit Rivets >fc Montreal Keith 
j '^i'h'ts, Dutch Ovens, Puls, A 


end f 0 r the Hr it tunc, tt» 
ii Saturday. 

| A Edition from 

• into the 

u'eting their cdtnuiou, \ 

of this Mouse, l 

I ,B 'MS thut a Committee be appoinidl to enjur* 
'into the propriety of reducing the .lumber ofD t 
! the diftei ‘ ‘‘. 

is of this Province. 

* , i|M V"- 27 — A Pe,i:i0n fr T, lli nnon a' loti 
I iiunts of the County of Ourtford lor nut to open a 
I ,v-c. wits rend nod referred to u Committee. 

A Petition ft on. the < lommittces ol the P " r, ,. f f 

U precedent! 

poration wiiuciu 

1 _,r.t.. ,l-Innso on Friday 

70 pounds on account, for WhlcT/t S 3V( 
have a suit th |ietid\nj 1 1 

against me if mo not roil 
month I und nut knowing |j ( nv I >n; 
remain here, 1 would tr * 1 

__ receipt, us 1 1 

Inline which may be decided, 28th d:tv of Aug. 

on the 24th of r .' n - 

I should huvi 

The Adjutant General of the State, Major General T. 
G. Perez Brigadier,'Superior Chiel ol the Pome•; 

would n/J t I., v affairs without! of Curtliugeun. . , incma,/ . , . |ne _„ 

S31ls four in ilicnf'erinmn. 1 do not Irotn your hearts, in order to receive from It the s| , I M l _ ^ „ S P |, | I1U |„„ K been Q great nuisance 

expect any fixed .um besides the 70 pounds.” nnd urdorofilic most ju>t revenge. 

memory muuner 

e preferably ta the particular iaWH"* ol 
IU | | uniwIliatatiding that rntiH'l-^ 
-,v 'him t" hr a .oIliable ii.'ailwr, t*- . 
wn out ul I he ensuing Hr-tmti. 11 
House should naupt the mu' 1 |< rha- 
niukd.g known its ^ruyerdmK* 

, bien fatigue," V I 

Mijtcefliine-Afit hticlrs. 

Queen vs. The jL'ni live System. 

Extract from lier-answer to he address from the free 

l’relinre to ul dogs in ,be Province, ns I. has long been a R™'™'-';'; \ 
aim u,u... .I.c . J.. r l r.pnrc to *- ul , ( , j' msumoes lutnl to human life. But there i* i.o 

... n question where 'do VmV re now ? she answer- dress your igninlryG w tongs; und know that the mu- .. (il „, |, 0 , ore.,.red for a lung time which >■' | 

ed, " My Cod, we arrived C I ,st midnight. Last mous mulefaetor shall not .mull the august name ol the ^. pleasure us the } «g\ -h™ • 

nHit I was placed sninevvhcre -ml Imre I nnl lo-tioy. isponish nation with impunity. . under Mi fumitl (populut!) called 1 r ‘‘ M 

11 .'atighter.) A chair waiinfitfed to the witness, who) •• FoMful American iW.vrr .-l'toparc [® «l» l''- 1 ' I".' gpp« tn.iada ^ i «. 

obsui'ved on .Ming Al„ Ml «% ■!« I >, "JJw tt*£Z 3USJX*.* M. *. pro! C,,. t, . *"■■»' ... m. m. W » “> — I 

dnttd hi.'.,1,1, nil,I v„li„nin,n„, who know how W H.'ign. und 111, counlr/. _ 1 

wash with the blootfffifflhe rebel* ihe _fuul mark w ith ., of ihe commission for^ 

whicl. they have stained the picture ot American e., h,*' boundary \itie between these province, arj^ 

... w „ w . «y- „ ... Tim honor of the the United States, ol which »ir. H>'e .« the rupmmc| 

Lightermen andM'ntermen of the Port of London, Oct. “ Officers, Soldiers Million/ n . interested dA ' !I ’ commenced their < perattons Git «»'<"' J 

- d b " milibn, our own and our children s honor is tnt. resit t ,, iai ta mds, at the upper of k-ke 11 uronj 

‘'Commerce like tltn b;,- 1 tint wantons in the air, in the extermination of these monsters. 1 he C-pamsl! C0lll ; n j, t d j t down to Great Haiitt'-u island, ifcludjl 

1 „.nMi,o r w,™an,i;;,,,,;.n,,,a,, ! . ; n.aai| 

next. not flourish when it is .led by restrictions loaded draw drop I \ drop, an <srd h-avls >o black uccndine in the •urvey of the lake, has been ir* 

< \n oi ion wv made that leave be obtained to bring 'with prohibitions, or M,l,jJ w ,.d to arbitrary imposts.- bodies whicb annnatc .. part for, unwholefomc weather which prevail, in >• 

^ in Bill'to copTinue'an A^t intituled “ Al ' • Act )a |^ > 5 'i'p/*'' ,Crl ' V * S ^ °^ CUU| Gt ^ l '. but slavery «o tdabys, 

ail .I . o c niitiirto uicnt ot vengeance lias arrives, , U..„ .. ...w D- - be lelc uunnunca, juu . . 

i An amendment was moved that the might not u.c eclebrfi^p B.uon aina.s.b) put ^ offl . b ce5 lhc pardon of their crimes, and the precision outlie ice. Thus 

li.a.d .Stri.wbfi .y«. .3, W u. uTTSSSWri!®.- “k. . 

17 O’ Sneak * . G ive the casin' vote for tl.e affirmative. jinn! 1 _ our valiant bayonets, a tliousund i point j oi «Uid. .tmU 

’ p - - - «“"»?? ?isrK2i T„. M wi„,od ddtu 

i . a,...:,... u'aieb vvl* IlftVI 

A .Message f 

r with Aii 

■’ ‘ Iw-jtj. “ ■"*— “ , " t ' i 1 "^ ZX£iXZ w«. . ; 

the same into l iou ^\o r » £ „ lhe but his enquiries tin,led Acre to the saiWi.ct.on o cu- 

>« 3 Rcsoived, S'^ken into^ con-! riosity upon trifling subjects, than to the ncqu.s.t.on 

•i Governor m Chief to both House., ut. l-nnwledne nnoo tlms,* nf nreater interest ; for in-1 

1 3 sidemtion, on .be 8th January next. . , . ! °' l ' no ", led? ?. J „ . H ol <£L. -.,/,/ ml off a s 

dgn, and to the Constitution, tn winch v 
“ Cnnhagcna, August 31, 1820.” 
Booh !—.Vine Cheers. 

the 6th ariirle of the Treaty)! 

' . 

have sworn, observed in such c, 

’, explaining whether vj 
maps <4 that p’jrt c’ 
| have been fouud, v 

contained hi'nn addrto, to Ins Grace the Duke of Rich- 
niond, respecting Free Schools 

i of Misiour' 1 Mr. Papin 
the negative rDCI ^' <:r 


,„. lk __ tXe power than the subject Tht'obnoxious clause in the Missouri Constitution was racln ' 

•lit off his. unless hhe latter had forfeited his 0 ne which prevented" free negroes and mulattos from Scciu „, jj allk . I 

' " tr, „a,i trnlinu in snid State under any lirclcxt . w itlnjA 

I J , C ; r ‘'! ion ; ?K i h ? VnJhG address lie presented to his ‘stance, he a^sked die if King George could cut off a sub- j inl0 the American Union , ... - 

» 1 Exed enev Sno nIS pJW >'» k. •» M> «* <? #• ,«*f? l dSZ in "" H »“.“ « ■WW'R* ' ' ’ 

txctneii.cj .ino the House, certain information- cd him (hat he jiad 

j7arci(jn articles. 

life to tie law. He lauAeil outright when I told him c0l „i ng to and settling in said State under till) pretext j6Uj 
that a member of the royil family or the kind himself, ,ui,n,«apvnr " It i> considered repugnant to a provi* r,,.,H 
I might bt sued in a court of justice. He then 

1 1.1 .1 l-tr.™ . 1,4 -*" 


a ibe letters which >lr Bn 
17 0 ; duct to the house, 

... the Federal Constitution, which prescribes gcU eis of the tu... 
iiow lit/king procured hi revenue, and when I an- t | mt ■> the citizens of each Stale shall be entitled to all tisement lately pub| 

_ twered from the volimtan imposts of the-people, lie p r i v -,irgus ami immunities of citizens in the several r» would be allov 

—Boron Ompteda .— Tlte lolluvvmg : shook lfis head, as if he tjmigbt lie should starve il he Stales.” The debates on the subject ar 

o ask life. 

depend upon s(l precarious : 

_ ... „ham attempted to intro-1 1. a j tl J . - 

. additional evidence of the conspira- nlo „„,| the topics, of wlffl li it was impossible to 

-v agaluft the (iuecn. Cut being brought forward after ; mem | )l j r | m !f, he asked t* what induced jny country 

the counsel on boll, sides had closed their,arguments, the, n)cn sr . . 

r „ o-i, , s „. ;to, 

Sir -Coovincca of your amiable compliance, of which ■ tries 
e already given decir«vc proofs, I venture 

•,.- - - cates. a lie .«.» ... .,.- aid to have of that dcscriptionl 

income. A- bccu con duclcd with much calnmess and temperance. , iw n csubi 

mtom the t.ew Ilamshire Patriot. 

undergo so manySl,xrJdiips mid run so many ijis/ie.ij,i'ffvn — On the evening ot the 13th in«t., yirreslslhis IPeekM 

by land and swtTor the sake of visiting coun- „|,ilc the parents were abieiit. the bous- qf Mr. y\ m. Fol- at the exit of th l 

ll were devoid If nenrlv all the comforts of Uusby. of New-Cli'Stcr, was consumediliy hre ; and what church last Sunda J 
eply I endeavoured to give him some idea of was more distressing, iix children, their oll.pring, perish- Jl/eieuiVj, for a 
dc of education, and that general cullivnUon of, ed it: 

u the flames I 

w’bii that the enclosed letter, written by the Greek]literature which Bnpt so strongly to influence l n ( hc statement of the affairs of the Hank of the ‘cWml 

,. Swiss fminie 'If eliombre, Madame DeMont, to rer the iiiLgination nnd geiiffate entbusiasin, which impels u n j [c j States, laid before Congress, four individuals of |„ r nl 

't it the land which,nurtured ami matured those onc c ity are specified as debtors to the Bank, to the ving stolen l 
prodigies of talent, and to contemplate the ( . norm( j us ,u n ount of 1,540,000 dollars,—ft sum,-ays n l0 n retiding 

where so many iiimortont historical events look wr iter in New York, exceeding the whole capital al- 

,„^c. The Visit tuu'cdjor a short time upon what I |oIte( , , hu NcW York Branch. What nn extent and .1 r/tra/rc.-J 
observed and then said, Jjiat he had not himself bad | leim)U . ;ness 0 f mulvcrsUlion are implied in the simple cot perior.mi.g 
the adjantage of educuffln.” fact! Goultl our forefathers have imagined thut such ^ T- i 

4 a luct would ever be possible, while our republican in- - • ^ ^ 

i gra/ihy .— Mr Bregner, former professor in the st j tl |tions eoniinued ; or thuL when 
AcadeAty of Aland, hns|l|tclv read lectures at Geneva wou |j protltt 

6 late Swiss ftiniii'i --- - ,, „ . , , 

. - I relative, win. is still in the service ofthe Princess (.ml 

5 1 who according to the address, is called Martctre Bruit, al- 
, though I believe that the is aim called DeMont,, may he 
I delivered according to the direction which I have reect- 

6 red that is to say, into the hands of Bron her,elf,_ with- 
1 out the knowledge of the Princess and of ber confidants, 

1 who intercept all letters addressed to persons of Iter suite. 

You will doubtless 6nd means of conveymgjhe letter tu 
I the pirl without her knowing that the authorities of 1 c 
siro have any thing to do with it, and also without her 

I learning that it has passed through my hands; aiul it 
would be well, perhaps, to lead her to suppose that the 
'letter was sent from Bologna. The person who delivers 
o liar should ofGr to take charge of her answer, which 
“ !l he good enough to transmit to me, aod which 1 
“-kiril according to it' address. 

■lining with you ? 1 make no doubt of the bus- 

^ 1 ‘.e which the length o{ tjic Princess's fati, 
crcfnrc, to make her embark, 
t it is absolutely false .hat the 
Knpoic to come' and find her at Pe- 
' t supposition induces her to delay 
tiink that in Hiis manner she might 
assured, sir, liusv alive 1 am to all 
—Jf&w \ and believe me,.iviih sentiments of the 
Ppcriect esteem, your very humble and obedient 



Raisin', Muscatel, 

Bloom, i 
Suit, Si. Uhes, 



Shot, nil sizes, 

Soap, White English, 

. Couailu, 

s, Brandy, Cog. 


Jamaica, B'O. P. 

27 a 30 do 
UJ a 10 du 


Sugar, Sluseuiudo, 

Ej-i India, * 


Tea, Gunpowder, 

Hyson Sltin, 


Tin, Plates, 1C. 


Tobacco,l eal. American, 

D'OMPTEDA, Minister of Hanover. 

P. S. It Hieronymus, the maitre d'hntel, still with the 
Princess ? and do you tliiuk that lie still is attached to her ? 
To Monsieur la Chevalier Bischi, 

Director General of the Police at Pesaro. 

e of it ?—Rational Cue. 

liule sensation on the official disefb- * 

,c nights, hcei! 

nnd Laiisatme. on I rott^raphy. or the an of ! i inmive s 
writing! The inventor m tliis method professes to de- 

sign., te by a single strokd every sound of .he voice, or TU . iUln t f D. >".<• was .received by tbeTrca- ^ p - ne 
each nibvemcnl prodtiad by one ol ill organs ol surer 0 f llie .nueiieunoEible Society during thcmpntn ^ has issued lull 
speech. He luis taken l$r the ground work ol the con- 0 f November last. 

ftnnaliop.of his ch ructig., the lorm ol those organs, - . 

the character of whichfis iulendcd to represent the OURBEC, 30/A December. 

Vnrmrfr -trHhe '* Te-P-AiMeqslan is descybed us being The-IwUm/re of the Gi. il cxp ciulittirc for the ensu- 
novel, ingenious und juStr, ,i,v /\ .bmtiTv—on iv t..i»~ u. . 

I -, , , .Must, mid' ii i. understood it will be taken into eoiisider- 

A beautiful statue, nybf feet m length, of our immortal^ - - i , lb( . ens „mg month. Yesterday Gom- 

■ard Shakspcare leaning>a a pet!,.ml, holdmg a *«oU irt ■ annoinictl to invwtisH'.e lhe expenditures 

i'i JSS&m ::: tc . . .. . ..u ; - ?r . t. - . I 

Drury-lane Tnoatre, on ihe side next Bttdges-st 
canopy of the new purure is supported hy t 

.alumna ; and when completed will add much to the beau¬ 
ty of that elegant building. 

vincial l'.irlianienB 
j’n'.ch I.J public bill 

..* uu ” tl '- '’ ,l ' V M "i ! t 'he Subscriber* of] 

fro.,'., under tliO dulcrtnl i'll' of the l.ia...,auut I", a ch Wf l)i sc ., sc , w |,| 

; II. ,.f the .h-,.i-t.l i-«t I'-x la* i*.t-«.t-ig • 10 ." during the Inst „ 

double 1817, for inti-rnnl toiuinumcaitons, s'.iUhiii 0 anu ii 0 iu- p. vcfs 

ing the cities. eS:c. 

,—Tlie Plate is 
nk colour. I 

CoiUiou to the rullic .—Counter fell Notes of the Mon- 
From Cvracoa papers received at the Offer of the Ka- (real Bank, for Five Dollars, poijablc ,n Quebec —- 
tunul Advocate. bout to be ,-sue.i to a very urge amount, 

Cuuacoa, Nov. 25th. Montreal, Kingston, Brockville, dec. 
i- HOME, AIABCH «, mi». Jamaica papers linvd reached us during the present well executed, mid lhe paper ol a pi 

‘ Sia—I USdreceivcd with much gratitude your lines; week, to the 27th ult. Vio tint gales of wind had been , f , . , n - * _ fD i 0 . 1 

of the CstTifffd regret extremelv the embarrassment experienced on the south side ol Cuba in the island On Sunday last by the Qathol.c QiAop <af jbi Q 
& the trolible imposed upon you by the favor which I of St. Domingo, and i 0 several of the colonies to wind- C cse, assisted by the Clergy- of that Ulurch, l|>e «cit. 

•quested nf you. I hasten, in consequence, to tell you , ward, on the 27th, 28th and 29th of September, in Mr. Ar.rx. McDoNNiai.. oi U^P Cnnnthi, wagffigta)U 
iliat 1 decide for the mca-urc which you propose in in- which a number of vessels received considerable dam- c d Catholic Bishop oi thin Province, ibc ■cc y 

‘tirBVmg Hie letter to a person of your acquaintance age. took place at an early hour, in the Chap , : 

who would hand it to Mail. B. without enjoining any o-; The unfortunate British subjects taken nt the re cap- line Convent of this city. Ih« >“ tl,u nr31 ^u 1110 
thsr secrecy than that the delivery of it may not be'lure of Porto Bello, by the late general Here, ha re- Bishop ever appoint ed fur this Provinc e. 

KINGSTON, Dec. 20. 

On the afternoon ofthe ?5ih instant, while the good 

by the family of the Baron, if Hieronymus were;ccived their liberty on the 20th September by an order 1 
eit, I do not think there would be much danger! from the Constitutional government ol Old Spain.— 

The essential point is, that the girl should be informed Out of nearly 380 prisoners marched to Panama 17 • - — - r - ..; v - , rh .. Kt D in- 

ot lire tomonta. If on,- folly or „«ach- n.omlu ogo, 1 » only lino .urvlvcd ,l,o labor mi o.i- 1 pooplo of ,b„ pl.oo , « o o ,oy ng Itor Cb, ° ^ 

cry, it should come to the knowledge of the Princess,, scry of their situation. About 40 officers were tent tiers, they were suddenly ^ P 

the misfortune would not be great. We must endav-iofl'to Clieman and Darien, 50 leagues along the coastlfirc m the heart ol the town. A large t os 

ofthe Pacific, 14 ol them were shot by order ofthe tn House belonging to Mr. Kobe. ami Mr. - _ 

government, most of tliom were British half pay offi-! Nieknlls, and situated between the Hotel of the forme Ditiiensan' J 

S - • Of ,l„> f „l,rL ,.i,.hr nml Mrs. O'Neil's house, was obseiyed tobconfirem at the p.srtensao, ■ 

however, as much ns possible, to avoid such an 
inconvenience. I desire only that the person whom 
you may chose to execute the commission should have 
sufficient address, and inspire sufficient confidence, to 
enable him to deliver the answer which Madame D 
will return to the letter in question, anil in respect to 
which, I am anxious it should pass through my hands. 

It appears to me that the attempt of the English nt 
Milan rests on a very, false conjecture. Have lliegood- 

. LOW!’. R-CA SAD A. 


Tuesday; SCtli— l he Clerk of the House presented 
the cotiiinvent accounts ofthe House, which were ■■ 
ferrctl to a Committee. 

Amotion wo* made that the Clerk he authorised 
give the votes of the House on all divKions with open 
doors, when the names are taken down conformably to 
the Rules, to the primer, of newspapers in this city. 

The House having divided, there were Nbvs 22, Yetis 

8 . 

The report of the Committee to enquire into the 
propnmy of appropriating funds lot the interior coin- 
niimicalion of me l mint) of Orleans was referred to n 
Commi t" 1 ihe whole House 00 Friday next. 

A motion for the purpose of preserving good order 

Dysenteries .. 

Cnnuniont . 

Di'iirhtt . 

I afl. filiation Eyes.. 


Catarrhs . 

Inf). Breast. 

Thrush . 

Puraphy ntosK . 


Tinea Capitis. 


Infl Lungs. 




Itch . _ 

Montreal, -tth Jar | 
-Should it \ 

captain,, nnd lieutenants. Of the others, tight and Mrs. O’Neil’s house, was observed to be uu 

the roof, and before any thing could be done to arrest pnzea ot it. 

only survived, the rest having, u, is sleleil, died of dis- 
se. They were to be conveyed to Jamaica. 

Order from the dataec given to the Garrison. 
Obliged by the- duty which I owe to the king, to en¬ 
ter into negotiations of peace with the rebel Sioion Bo¬ 
livar, who has occasioned so much European nnd A- 
merienn blood to he shed on this continent, for the 
pace of ten year-, I was certain that it would produce 
10 other effect but that which has resulted, in order 
.0 effect it, I have directed to him whatever security 
lie may desire, ami I have done all that his majesty has 
ordered 111c; hut thii ferocious monster, thirsting after 
human blood, ilia "’ e ^""Tb'.ai'i.Gr!>‘? ‘nhU’i ,v.m 

^iGrt^Lreke:; nvuiiinj ‘ VrinT^lV ol' the c.ortk Church Q ir.whichs«n.hv 1«*. 

ol humanity for ,hc purpose, has at last ordered to be performed lor the first tune, 

directed to me the following despatch . 

Mr. Governor _At the receipt of your note ot tins 

day, his Excellency, impetuous with the most just in¬ 
dignation. Ims thrown the pen Rom his hand, and or- 
.le-o.l mu you. It •> *• l«*h “< —*»• 

.1 still more ridiculous, to propose to. the Kepulihc 

ticss to tell me your opinion ol it, at well as the disposi- 
> of M. Olivieri towards the Princess, whose ser 
he quits. What opinion is to he formed of Vass- 
I learn, likewise, that several new Roman ser¬ 
vants have been received, whose names I should be 
curious to know. 

Excuse all the trouble to which I put you ; not being 
able to testily to you sufficiently how f ratful J am lor 
all the proof, of your zcul, and lor tbe kindness of the 
person who Ims procured me so interesting an acquain¬ 
tance. Wuh sentiments ofthe most perfect esteem, I 
have the honour to be, Sir, your very humble nnd ob¬ 
edient servant, D'OMPTEDA. 

Addressed to Monsieur la Chevalier Bischa, Director- 
General of the Police of Pesaro. 

The last witness brought forward on the part of the 

Queen, was a lady mimed Franchetti Martini, who »«n mute rimctu*'"'' 1 V. 1 ; 1 • , ■ ■ 

keeps n milliner’s shop nt Mmige. She was cnlled to of Columbia its reunion with the . (ium= 1 n 101 
invalidate the testimony of Louisa De Mont, who it 'nation governed tno,t detestably—to a nn 1011 w 
appears in n convdrsqtinn lind told witness, in answer 'the sport of all Europe, and the execration o n ci - 
to 1111 observation she (witness) inode, that the Princess; cu, first by its tlecc&i° os > ,,n “ ‘uhsequent a roci le '- 

m, of „ . „ . t illi„lr. mil * it i<;Su nn „,t, Hr . ummm, . . . ***** 

noihmg blit calumny--all calumny, invented be her c- >and the Columbian people forget the number o vie - 
neinics to ruin her—that ever since the Princess left Ties obtained imiiast the Spanisli armies, oi-ge ici 
England she was surrounded hy spies j that her host'glory, their vnffir, their good fortune, nntl rccogn • 
actions were misinterpreted, but she did nothing that Spanish Constitution, will you dare to go uu inm 1 
all the world might not sue ami know—it was imponsi- ‘wa'ls of the mucli famed Cartlmgena, in order o 
ble for any bony to be more virtuous.” This conver- possession of the Doliunbian Kcpublie, or wi jo * 
sution took place in 1818. In her cr.ots-examination low thirty thousand soldiers who are the terror_o jour 
by the king’s solicitor general, the witness said she bad country, to enter it ? Answer, il slimne ponnn 
been examined on the subject of this conversation a-, Do you believe, tl |ut decayed and corruptcii - |i 
bout n fortnight before by two English gentlemen, »ho still govern the modern world t Do t on 1 > * 
told her nnd her liusbaml they should be intlcninified|the nation, winch has given the most tern > c 'J P 
in all just and fnircxpcnces. She said—“ No sum was'of what absurd *’ l 'Hy thehumun spirit is c.ipai e, 
meiuionetl to me lor coming, and ns I did not know;you tlunk tlii., nuti'» n can promote ilic linppincs 
there gentlemen, 1 would not trust them, because two I ny one loan in this universe / Know, Governor, uni 
years ago, uu EnglKhnmii of the name of Addison tie-1 the Columhiad pcop le orc reiolv< - ,, l 110110 lul ,he 
J me a loss of 50 Louis. Alter tiiis they depo- Umin ofbeing hp' ,n ’ ,s l |: > ocollll,; ' 1 lor "gc'siind iigcs 
ie liumired pounds .it Meurnt's Bank ns n secu-]guinst the mi,enbly. Spaniards; ayamsl all 
the performance of their promise. This )' 
to be paid to me : it svns only placed 

the progress of the devouring ele ent, the tniildiug w , 

wrapt in flames mid more than half consumed. Fort-; THE m ,drr>igut, «■ 
unntclv the wind was light and from the northeast.—, ^,1, Ucc . to/iavrt,^ 
Had it been blowing strong from any other quarter the nolc , n f „u Mmi ttJT 
consequences might have been much more serious.— ported' '*< he it -JT 
The fire is supposed to have been communicated from mg ' 

• .10'= pip- in lhe ,' PP f Mr , » » pm 1 

the cliiminnev, but it tines not seem to be distinctly , ^ aeru sc* hint tbet'* 
certoined in wlutt particular way it onguinted. ' , 01 . 0 nity of publicly il 

We are happy to learn thut Mr. \\ alkery P art 01 ' I 

the property was insured at the Montreal Fkc Hisur 
e Office for 300/. nnd Mr. Nickalh*<R -001. 

O team, 

i) moreover ag. 

.. should they lake part 

The Gblumbians would prefer de- 


SATURDAY. Januaiiv 6, 1S21. 

ExxsnigrcxiAN Cut'xcB 

limits of the tiM'Vi 
and nfioniqon. 

At Chambly, On tl 
Igidy of D. zY. 

At the momtiilt that we write (Friday, 5j 1’- -M ) the t'ui- 
Ird Status mail Is not arrived and we have therefore no later 
duns to submit to our tenders. In tins of news, our 
only resource Ims been, to glean from «mr American pnperi 
ilio‘e articles, not before uollced, wluclt niu) interest the 
Cnnndiun iiublle.-Oue of these mention* that wax figures 
of Hereami have been exhibited lit vn.lous parts ol England. 
Curiosity, to see. a fue simile of a person rendered iniporiuul 
bv Ids connection with tlie proceedings Hint have cum. 

■ real u bustle in Europe, will ffideed be gratified ; la 
adinirers of inasi-ulina beamy will receive little «itu.faj 
lor a most rcspectablo geiiileiiiaii uow tn tins c ty and 
■aw him in the suite of Hie Queen til Venice, describes him 
u tall, Jlliin, dark-looking lima, \rlin sways Ids . r.uii 
aiiotu in orxlcr to display Urn lusignln of lhe different order, 
which dan -He nt his breost, and who ad'ipted a ntost oat* 

rageeui swnggi r w enever lie mrl « Bthblt Btibjeol. 'J'la 

-.•.me geutlemua, if we are fishily' informed, is acquainted 
with iiurtieufnr, respiutlng the demcaimur ul the Qjeci 

Here on Monday I J 
r. J B. 1’i ime, | 
Church, to Mrs. 

On the 2d day of Nol 
burgh, (vt.| Dr. Ehen* 
community has Ion ml 
the church, u pious : 

rived from prrsonul observation, tliut a 
i-lve to c idle lie ii the mind of ns in this diiuu.i qi 
globe, on tilt- sdbjori before, the Brills’ 
mg our eyes 
wmbly has 

jj fU ui the printer* of newspaper, 
die members p.‘ 

a security for their promis - ’ t hey tlidjfccmliog t 0 l j^ ctcrnul nhjw toi being >pauinrd>. I his 
not promise me 100 pounds, but only what is just und K what I have ,llc ,1 -’" or 1,1 coiuinuniciiiiug to you 
lair. 1 will swear nobody made me any proimsu of from his cx cc j|cflcy the Liberator. God preserve you 
money—never. I swear the cxucilruih. 1 received many years, 

,, , auiltry, we find thill our House of A; 

i gntivcd a minimi (or permitting (he Clerk 
in Qua urn (fie names • 
ipiextlmi. This decision i 

... r „|ectij proper, ns there I* no pre.-eJmi f 1 

,iich u permission In lhe pro-redillgs of ila- ItrUisli l’*rlia- whirl, ou.s lake.* for il* model; and the gram ol ,t 
would he atleoded rvltli this inconvenience, viz: ' UK * mt'in- 
lh.-r who would, consult, in givlug hi* sulirafie, llto jeatrnl 

09oh I 

Director /■_ 

I) aval 

Vic Bank will “pen from 
next ul Ten o'clock A. J 

K m. : 

15ank | 

Director f>r 

^ JACOB ] 

mokthra 1 

W AN'I ED a l KENl !■ 
pieveat Gciulemim’^ 
The appoint Riot Hull bo mi 

ter* to tic postpaid. 

Ji -I. •;.!», Jan. t‘32l\l 


—! - 

fan Mining News 

| Swayze Area Regarded 
As Next Producing Camp 
Kenty Farthest Advanced 

Feldspar Ml 

One of Canada’s Ljjl 

Many Big Interests in the 
Field — Staking 

of eas’Taccess 

Government Road of Great 
Assistance in Aiding Trans¬ 
portation — Railways 

The liewSwayze field is heralded 
as the first new one that both pros¬ 
pectors and geologists have agreed 
on as to mine-making possibilities. 

Nowhere in Ontario is there 
such activity, general interest and 
hopeful development of a new gold 
mining camp as in the area sur¬ 
rounding Swayze township, which 
gives its name to this new section. 

It happens that this new gold 
camp is at the junction of the 
Porcupine belt of Keewatin layas 
and the Swayze-West Shining Tree 
belt, and it is possible that the junc¬ 
tion of these two folds may have 
been the focal point of great dis¬ 
turbances which gave rise to the 
fractures in which the gold-bearing 
quartz veins are now found. An¬ 
other undoubtedly favorable fnctor 
is the occurrence of the large 
masses of feldspar porphyry. It is 
a well established fact that the 
great gold mines of Ontario are 
all associated with these porphyry 

Good Progress Made 
The progress that has been made 
and the encouragement that lias 
been met with in the past 1 > 
months since the original discovery 
was made by J. C. and J. L. Kenty, 
prospectors working for Brett- 
Tretliewey Mines, and associated 
interests, augurs well for intensive 
prospecting. , . 

When it is realized that the 
Swayze area is but 120 miles north¬ 
west of Sudbury, within easy ac¬ 
cess of and lying between the Can¬ 
adian Pacific and Canadian Na¬ 
tional railways, further emphasis 
is given to the importance of first 
exhausting these close-in and geo¬ 
logically f a v o r a b 1 e prospecting 
areas before financing expeditions 
I to far away and less favorable 
I (fields about which little is known. 

I : The original find by the Kenty 
'brothers, located in the northeast 
comer of Swayze township and 
1 \ tending. over the boundary into 
uore township to the east, holds 
the greatest interest in the new 
l rea because it is the furthest de- 

Form Kenty Gold Mines 
Owing to the various interests 
financing this prospecting pro¬ 
gramme, the Kenty Gold Mines was 
I incorporatetd last September to 
[develop the property further. The 
I vendors' interest in this company 
_ Rrett-Tret hewov MlPCfAJAL 
per cent; Northern Canada Min¬ 
ing Corp., 37 Is per cent; North¬ 
land Prospectors, 22'v per cent, 
and the stakers, Kenty brothers. 10 
. per cent. In order to finance the 
future programme, Kirkland Bake 
1 Gold Mining Co. purchased 200.000 
shares and optioned an additional 
1.100,000 shares which, with its. af¬ 
filiated interests, will give it con¬ 
trol of the company, if and when 
: all options are exercised, at a total 
1 cost of approximately §1,100,000. 
Owing to the absence of other 
than aeroplane transportation fa¬ 
cilities, development in the first 12 
months was largely confined to lim¬ 
ited surface exploration, with the 
result that approximately 25 veins 
or extensions of veins were dis¬ 
closed, varying in width from a 
few inches up to ten ft. On the No. 

1G vein spectacular showings sug¬ 
gested the "golden sidewalk" of 
the early day’s of Dome Mines. Sur¬ 
face exploration at widely sep¬ 
arated points was undertaken, ow¬ 
ing to the excessive over-burden. 
Six trenches over a length of 80 
ft. disclosed spectacular gold in 
quartz averaging approximately a 
ft. in width. The finding of such 
high grade showings over 80 ft. 
with easterly and westerly exten¬ 
sions showing a total distance of 
approximately a third of a mile, in¬ 
dicates the importance of the find. 
An interesting feature of this vein 
was that under ten ft. of over-bur¬ 
den there were marks of glacial 
notion which had taken place mil¬ 
lions of years ago. Both the took 
and its liberally splashed gold 
I surface show the glacial scratching 
| and the smoothing down of tin? 
surface gold, providing a museum 
specimen of unusual interest. 

Province Builds Road 
I The Ontario Mines Department 
early evidenced interest in the new 
district by sending its geologists 
into the field and recently a very 
mmprehensive report was publish¬ 
ed on the district. Interest was 
further evidenced this fall by the 
Ontario Government assisting in 
the construction of a road to the 
property from Sultan on the Can¬ 
adian Pacific Railway, about 21 
miles distant. About ten miles of 
tlie road was new, but from the 
old Ridcout-Cunningham property 
to the railway, a distance of some 
11 miles, was a road cut years ago 
and it had to undergo rehabilita¬ 
tion. Thus, with transportation 
facilities, improved an extensive 
and deep development programme 
was inaugurated this fall at the 
Kenty property and already heavy 
mining machinery is being deliver¬ 
er the new road preparatory 
^ sinking two shafts to an im¬ 
mediate objective of 500 ft. Al¬ 
ready supplies have been taken ir 
for the construction of approxi- 
ninlolv n dozen camp buildings, fi 

Bralorne Gold Mines 
Output $1,500 Daily 

Bralorne Mines has aver¬ 
aged about §1,500 in gold 
bullion daily since the com¬ 
mencement of operations at 
the old Lore Gold property m 
the Bridge River area, B.L., 
Inst February, according to 
official figures just given to 
The Financial Post. Total 
value of production to Oc¬ 
tober 31, 1932, was §108,372, 
including exchange compen¬ 
sation amounting to §45,393. 

The new mill lias operated 
at about 100 tons daily indi¬ 
cating n recovery of about 
§13.25 per ton which, with 
premium, would amount to 
$15. Operating costs are re¬ 
ported to be approximately 
40 per cent of the gross re¬ 

Feldspar is the name g‘- 
an important group of _ rock-, 
ing ainerals and having « 
common characteristic:-'. It i. 
a definite mineral species of| 
stunt chemical composition, b 
anhydrous silicate of aluml 
combined with either potash,, 
or lime, largely used in the 
amic trade. . 

Feldspar mining in Canada 
back about 42 years and lias L 
centred about the Verona disB 
in Frontenac county, Ontario, ■ 
in the Buckingham district of 
bee. In these areas are nume 
occurrences of feldspar, while. 
the whole of Ontario approxun: 
ly 110 properties have been wor. 
or known to exist. In Quebec ab 1 
GO deposits have been worked 
have been reported. In additn 
Manitoba and Nova Scotia ea. 
have reported a deposit that h 
furnished a small tonnage, 
total quantity of feldspar know 

s enormous, but a large part m " 

... »r.mnioi*pin1 VltlllP hCCUU 

lor me construction ui apt" 

mutely a dozen camp buildings. .. 
Diesel engine-driven power plant 
is being installed at No. 1 shaft 
site, while 1,800 ft. southeast prep¬ 
arations are being made for the 
installation of a duplicate unit at 
the No. 2 shaft site. Sinking opera¬ 
tions will he carried on simultan¬ 
eously. A start has alrendy been 
made on the No. 1 shaft by means 
of a portable compressor and the 
head frame will be constructed 

Miner Kenty Claims 
Immediately following the stak¬ 
ing of the original discoverers 
came staking by Miner Kenty ad¬ 
joining the pioneer discoveries on 
I the north and east. This group of 

13 claims over the boundary in 
Dore township was early optioned 
to the Cyril Knight Prospecting 
Co., which has been conducting a 
surface exploration programme. 

Here about a dozen small quartz 
veins have been uncovered, similar 
mi.neralogicully and structurally to 
the Kenty Gold Mines veins, al¬ 
though their strike is, on a whole, 
different from the latter property. 

The vein system on the Kenty Gold 
Mines appears to be striking di¬ 
rectly into the Miner Kenty ground, 
but as yet -this has not been con¬ 
firmed. The Kenty Gold Mines No 
21 vein is some 525 ft. west of the 
Miner Kenty boundary and there 
is a chance that some parallel veins 
east of the Kenty Gold Mines exist 
in the low ground, east of the No. 

21 vein. Diaipond drilling is to be 
undertaken early in January to 
prospect this section of the Miner 
Kenty claims. ' 

The Cyril Knight Prospecting 
Co., jointly with the Quebec ProS-. 
pectors Ltd., staked the Stewart 
group of four claims in the south I 
part of Raney township, about 
eight miles west of the Kenty 
Gold Mines. Here a quartz vein has 
been stripped for a few feet at two 
points 50 ft. apart. It showed one 
ft. width in one exposure and three 
ft. at another, the former assaying 
S2.40 across the one ft., the latter 
nil. Further stripping and sampling 
is continuing in the hope of finding 
parallel veins, 

Rollo Township Claims 
In the autumn of 1932 the Cyril 
Knight Prospecting Co. staked the 
I Ridley group of 15 claims in the 
west part of Rollo township, six 
miles northwest of the Kenty Gold 
Mines. Here a quartz vein vary- 
width from two to over 14 

.. discovered and stripped at 

i ll | -. i b f ' ~' r V 

ft. It appears to have a length qt 
about 700 ft. and five shots put in 
disclosed a little fine native gold. 
Further stripping and sampling i= 
to be conducted. 

Immediately south of the Ridle.V 
Lake group of claims of the Cyri 
Knight Prospecting Co., the United 
States.Smelting, Refining and Min¬ 
ing Co. has a large block of claims 
in Rollo township where a vein 
from 6 to 15 inches in width has 
been found and stripped for about 
95 ft The vein has not been chan¬ 
nel sampled, but grab samples give* 
high assays. This vein is about 300 
ft south of the Ridley Lake group 
and appears to be dipping toward 
this property. A cabin has been 
built and extensive surface work 

is planned. .. _ 

The third staker in the new dis¬ 
trict was Tom Montgomery on be¬ 
half of the Montgomery Syndicate. 

This syndicate holds some 15 claims 
surrounding the southerly and east¬ 
erly holdings of the Kenty Gold 
Mines and the Miner Kenty group 
of the Cyril Knight Prospecting Co. 

A limited amount of surface work 
has disclosed two small veins with 
further surfnee exploration plan¬ 
ned early next year. 

Derragh Property 
The Derragh property, staked 
early this year on behalf of a pri¬ 
vate syndicate comprising princi¬ 
pally members of the Lake Shore 
engineering staff, is regarded as 
one of the most promising finds 
in the area. It consists of a group 
of nine claims bordering, on the 
east side of Denyes township, about 
five miles west of the Kenty Gold 
Mines. The find was made m « 
break about 300 ft., west of the 
westerly boundary of the Dome 
Mines holdings, and to date about 
700 ft. of the break has been ex¬ 
posed, revealing lenses of ore up 
to 13 ft. in width and carrying high 
values in gold. . , 

This property has been optioned 
to the Kirkland Hudson Bay Gold 
Mines, controlled by Lake ohoie 
interests, and a party of 1- men 
has been sent in to continue sui- 
face stripping and trenching. 

Another find which created con¬ 
siderable interest last August was 
the Dyment Mining & Investment 
group of 31 claims situated in 
the centre of Denyes township, 
some nine miles west of the Kenty 
Gold Mines. Here two quartz veins 
appear to cross each other. These 
veins have a length of about 160 ft, 
and average width of around 15 in. 
The vein occurs in a schisted area 
in places up to 700 ft. in width. 
Further surface work is to be con¬ 
ducted next spring. 

Americans Interested 
At the Grave-Thorne property , 
consisting of a large group of 
claims at the north of Raney Lake 
in Raney township, some eight 
miles northwest of the Kenty Go d 
Mines, three main, veins from si. 
inches to two ft. in width have been 
exposed. Messrs. Grave and Thorne 
are New York pilots operating then 
own Fokker airplane have a 
number of prospectors in the field, 
staking, claims, supposedly for Am¬ 
erican interests. 

The Hughes-Strong , properly, 
consisting of 35 claims 111 Hnlciow 
township, 1G miles west of the 
Kenty Gold Mines, has been actively 
explored during past months. A 
slieor zone has been exposed by 
cross trenches over a length of 
720 ft, Three pits have been shot 
-open to a maximum depth of 10 tt. 

normous, oui a i,n •-> 

no commercial value because 
cannot be economically separate* 
from the minerals and rock witip 
which it is associated. The feldspar;™ 

'if commerce are obtained princi-1 
pally from irregularly shaped len-| 
ses or elongated intrusive masses! 
called pegmatite dikes which ar._ 
mined as open pits or quarries.! 
Even those exceptional depo-'its* 
yielding a high percentage of clean* 
feldspar almost always contain a* 
portion of mixed rock containing! 
quartz or injurious iron-bearing! 
minerals with the result that sort-! 
ing and cobbing by hand is neces-1 
sary. „ , “ 

Used in Ceramic 1 rades _ 

About seven-eighths of the feld-B 
spar produced in the entire world* 
is consumed in the ceramic mdus-l 
trv. It is used as a flux in the man-1 
ufacture of glass, pottery, enamel, b 
sanitary ware, brick and tile. In* 
most forms of pottery it is a con-* 
stituent of both the body and the! 
glaze. Important quantities are! 
used in this industry in vitreous en-B 
anielling to produce the smooth vit-! 

I rified surface found on bath tubs,I 
wash bowls and various forms inL 
enamelled iron, such as cooking* 
utensils. The use of feldspar in the! 
glass industry is increasing, but! 
little use has been made 111 plate* 

v m. low glass manufacture, lhe* 
composition of feldspar approaches! 
that of some types of glass and its! 
use increases the toughness and! 
improves the lustre of pressed! 
glass products, such as bottles for ■ 
beverages. Most of these indus- P 
tries use feldspar high in potash. L 
Small quantities are used a a binder I 
in the manufacturing of grinding I 
wheels while very small amounts L 
of selected extra high grade pot- * 
ash feldspar are used by the dental j! 
trade for the manufacture of ar- I 
tificial tecthl*Soda feldspar is \\ 
jnt of r- 

used as a < 

"pounds and is the principa, ^- 

uent of a nationally advertised pro¬ 
duct that “Hasn’t Scratched l et. 

Crushed feldspar, usually n,. in 
ferior grade or quarry' fines. i~ 
used for poultry grit, stucco dash, 
artificial stone, concrete work, 
roofing material, sandpaper and 
fillers. Many attenipts have also 
bee made to utilize potash con¬ 
tent of feldspar as a fertilizer but 
this has not been commercially 
successful. Negligible quantities of 
some varieties of feldspar are used 
as semi-precious gem stones which 
range in color f'om white, through 
cream, gre' . greenish buff and 
varying shades of pink to deep 
brick red. Feldspar mining is wide¬ 
spread throughout the manufac¬ 
turing nations of the world with 
the United States by far the 
world’s) largest producer and ac¬ 
counting for almost 50 per cent of 
the average production. In the peak 
year of production, 1928, the world 
output was given at 4G0.G37 tons of 
which United States accounted for., 
210,811 tons. Next in importance M 
to United States production is the 1 

The centre pit averaged §3 and 1 
. • a width of eight ft. 
pit 75 ft. west averaged §0.50 o\v. .. 
a width of six ft. and a pit 305 ft. 
east of the centre pit averaged 85 L 
cents over a width of eight ft. I 
About 1,400 ft. northwest ot No. 1 T 
ainples from two pits as 
saved §4 over 3 ft. and §5.80 erve. . 
26’ in. Preparation is being made 1 
to diamond-drill the property. The I 
Jlalcrow Swayze Mines Ltd. has I 
been formed to develop the claims I 

Many Syndicates 
At Hotstone Lake, in Greenl.... 
township, 12 miles southwest of the 
Kentv" Gold Mines, the Newbec 
Mining Co. staked a group of ten 
claims. A quartz vein lias been 
cross-trenched in eight places oxer 
a length of 800 ft. and visible gold 
found over widths of from two to 
right ft. Channel sampling and 
trenching has been done with in¬ 
conclusive results. 

A significant ieature of Inc 
Swayze area development is the 
calibre of the companies interested. 
In addition to those mentioned, 
McIntyre Porcupine Mines, .Gome 
Mines, Consolidated Smelteis and 
Sylvanite Gold Mines as well as 
syndicates financed by well known 
mining men are in the field. Hun¬ 
dreds of claims have been staked 
in Swayze, Denyes, Rainy Don:, 
Halcrow and Rollo, much of it solid, 
and old timers who are in the field 
aro looking forward and expect It 
will be the next camp to enter the 
ranks of the producers. 

White Water Claims in B. C. 

Optioned By Alaska Juneau 

Tho White Water group of claims 
... the Taku. River section ot the 
Atlin mining division of British Co¬ 
lumbia. hav<S been bonded to the 
Alaska Jueopau Gold Mining Co. for 
$80,000. It is reported that §2,000 has 
ill ready boon paid on tho option with 
„ further §2,000 payable in a year. 

,n Iho claims will start as 
, climatic conditions permit 

These claims have been under ex¬ 
ploration by N. A. Timmins Inc. of 
Montreal for tho past two years and 
in 1931 about 6,300 ft. of diamond 
drilling was done in 19 holes. Results 
were inconclusive according to tho 
Timmins interests. 





"i l 


Many Eminent Men Will 
Visit Cobalt in August 

The Cobalt portion of the program 
in connection with the International 
Geological Congress, which is to be 
held in Toronto in August is now to 
hand. The congress is held quadren¬ 
nially and this is the third occasion 

which the venue has been tne 

North American continent, and the 
first time Canada has had an oppor 
! tunlty to do the honors, 
j The first meeting place of the In¬ 
ternational Geologists on this side 
I of the Atlantic war Washington and 
eight years ago saw the second and 
i previous one to this in Mexico with 
Mexico City as the radial point. Two 
parties from among the visitors will 
visit the North Country, the first of 
these to investigate before the actual 
congress commences and the second 
after it is concluded. 

The first party will leave Toronto 
I on the 27th of July and wij. spend 
the morning of Monday the 28t.h ex¬ 
amining the geological formation 
•xiorsini Cobalt. i.v the- afternoon 
: some of the leading mines will be 
j visited, and in aid probability in the 1 
evening, the visitors will be accorded 
a similar reception to that by which 
the Canadian Press Associated repre¬ 
sentatives were entertained by the 
Canadian Club ctf Temdskainiiug. 
Tuesday will be spent, in more geolo¬ 
gical investigations of the country 
j around Lake TemAskaming and the 
party will leave Haileybury for Por- 
j cupine that night. Other points in 
1 the north which will be visited are 

: Sudbury, Temagami, etc. 

The following is the list Of the 
Geologists among whom are many 
prominent men. Those who 
prise the first excursion are marked 
A-3, while the members of the party 
which will come north after the 
congress, have C 6 before their 
names. Heading fcU'ti list are tire 
| guides, seven in number, the chief of 
these being Dr. W. G. Miller, the 
Ontario Provincial Geologist : 

A. F. Coleman, Ph.d., P.K.S., Mc¬ 
Gill University, Montreal. 

W. G. Miller, L.L.D., R.R.S.C., 

Geologist for Prov. Out., Toronto. 

J, B. Tyrrell, M.A., IMLS.O., 534 
Confederation Life Bldg., Toronto. 

A. G. Burrows, M.A., B.Sc., Geolo¬ 
gist, Ont. Bureau of Mines, Toronto. 

A. A. Cole, B.Sc., M.A., Min. En¬ 
gineer to the T. & N. O. Ry. Coni'- 
mission, Cobalt. 

C. W. Knight, B.Sc., Asst. Provin¬ 
cial Geologist, Ont. Bureau of Mines, 

T. L. Walker, M.A., Ph.D., Pra\ of 
Mineralogy, Univ. of Toronto. 

A-3—J. Stansfield, B.A., M.Sc., 
McGill Univ., Montreal. 

A-3—A. W. G. Wilson, Ph.D., Mines 
Branch, Dept. Mines, Ottawa. 

A-3—G. C. McKenzie, B.Sc., Mines 
Branch, Dep. Mines, Ottawa. 

A-3—A. C. Lane, Ph.D., Tufts Col¬ 
lege, Boston, Mass., delegate of 
American Academy of Arst and 
Science, Boston. 

A-3—J. Barrell, E.M., Ph.D., Pro¬ 
fessor of Getlogy, Yale Univ. Mus¬ 
eum-, New Haven, Conn. Delegate of 
Yale University. 

C-6—F. E. Wright, Ph.D., Geophy¬ 
sical Laboratory, Washington, D.C. 
Delegate of Geophysical Laboratory 
of Carnegie Institute of Washington. 

C-6—J. W. Evans, D.Sc., L.L.B., 
F.G.S., 75 Craven Park Road, Harl- 
esden, London, Eng. Delegate of the 
Geologists’ Assn., London, Eng. 

A-3—F. L. Rnnsome, Ph.D., U. 8. 
Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. 
Delegate of U.S.A. Government. 

A-3—H. Eckfeldt, B.Sc., E.M., 438 
Seneca ST .7 South . BethletiKxui, P»an., 

A-3—Miss C. A. Raisin, D.Sc., Bed¬ 
ford College, Baker St. London, W., 
Ping. Delegate of Linnean Society of 

A-3—A. E. Kitson, F.G.S., F.R.G. 
f.\, I.M.E., “Eadsleigh” 109 Worple 
Rd., Wimbledon, London, S.W,, Eng. 
Delegate of Univ. of Glasgow. 

A-3—S. W. Beyer, B.S., Ph.D., 
Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa. 

A-3—H. F. Bain, Ph.D., 420 Market 
fit., San Francisco, Cal. 

C-6—Prof. Dr. W. Veradsky, Geolo¬ 
gical and Mineralogical Museum), St. 
Petersburg, Russia. Delegate of the 
Societe Imperiale des Naturalistes de 
Moscou, Moeccra. 

A-3—G. A. J. Cole, Director o f 
Geological Survey of Ireland, Royal 
College of Science, Dublin, Ireland. 
Delegate of the Government of Great 
Britain and of the Geological Survey 
of Ireland, Dublin. 

C-6—E, Howe, Ma., Pb.D., 77 Rhode 
Island Ave., Newport, R.l. 

A-3—Bedford McNeill, A.R.S.M., 
M. Inst. M.M., 1 London Wall Bldg., 
London E.G., Eng. 

A-3—Mrs. Bedford McNeill, 1 Lon¬ 
don Wall Bldg., London, E.C., Eng. 

C-6—Per Geojer, Pb.D., Univ. of 
Stockholm, Djursholni, Sweden. Del¬ 
egate of Stockholms Hogskola, 

C-6—W. Archinow, Director de 1 l’ln- 
stitut Petrographique, “Lithogaea” 
Ordynka 32, Moscow, Russia. Dele¬ 
gate of Societe Imperiale des Natur¬ 
alists de Miscou, Moscou. 

C—6P Pier re Southchinsky, P)ofes~ 
sor a l’Ecole Polytechnique, Nowot- 
scherkaesk, Russia. 

A—1. Dr. Jules Szadeczky de Sza- 
decsne, Kolozsvar, Hungary. Dele¬ 
gate of University Royale hongroise 
Francois-Joseph de Kolozsvar, Koloz^ 

A—3. Guiseppe Mercial, Dr., Prof. 
Instituto Geologico nella Regia Uni- 
versita, Pisa, Italy. 

A—3. Fred Searls, Jr., Goldfield, 
Nevada, U.SfA. 

A—3. Eugeniusz Romer, Docteur- 
es^Sciences, Professor a ’lUniversite 
de L?rnberg, 25 rue Dlugosza, Lem¬ 
berg, Austria. 

A—3. William Harvey Emmons, A. 
B., Pb.D., Dept, of Geology of Uni¬ 
versity of Minnesota, Minneapoli 

A—3. Serafino Gerulli-Irelli, Dr., 
Maitre de conferences de Paleontolo- 
gie a l’Universite de 1 Rome, Institute 
Geologico, Regia Univesslte, Roma, 
Italy. , _ . 

A—3. Ettore Matirolo, Ingemeur 
en chef des Mines, Rue Charles Albert 
45, Torino, Italy. Delegate of the 
Societa Geologica Italiano, Rome. 

G—6. Jacques Samojloff, Professor 
de mineralogie, Institute Agronomi- 
que, Superieur, Petrowsko-Rasumow- 
sko’je, Moscou, Russia. Delegue de 
la Societe Imperial des Naturalistes 
de Moscou, Moscou. Moscou et de 
l’Institut Agromique Superieur de 
Moscou, Moscou. 

C—6. Richard Beck, Oberbergrat, 
Kgl. Sachs Geologische Landesantalt, 
Leipzig, Kgl. Sachs Bergakademie, 
Frieberg and of the Frieberger Geo¬ 
logische Gesellschaft, Frieberg. 

A—3. George Walter Graham, M.A, 
F.G.S., Government Geologist, Box 
178, Khartoum, Anglo-Egyptian Su¬ 

C—6 Benjamin K. Emercon, Prof- 
fessor of Geology in Amherst College 
Amherst, Mass. Delegate oft Amherst 

C—6. Walter H. Bucher, Dr., Ass¬ 
istant, Geological Dept, of the Uni¬ 
versity of Cincinnati, 2642 Eden ave., 
Cincinnati, O. 

C—6‘ Arthur G. Leonard, B'.A., 

! Ph.D., State. Geologist and Professor 
j of Geology University of North Da¬ 
kota, Grand Forks, N.D. Delegate 
of University of N. Dakota, Grand 

C—6. Mark Luboschinsky, Geolo- 
gue-Agronome, Institut Superieur 
Agromonique Petrowsko - Rasumow- 
skoje, Moscou, Russia. 

C—6. Gerald Meyrick Part. F.G.S. 
Trinity College, Cambridge, England. 

A—3. Annie Enbank, 42 Leopold 
St., Toronto, Ont. 

C—ti D. E. Dupuy de Lome, Ingen- 
ieur des Mints, Institute Geologico, 
Mostcnses 2, Madrid, Spain. Dele¬ 
gate of the Government of Spain and 
of the Institut Geologique de ’Esp- 
agne, Madrid. 

C—6. Sr. D. Agustin Marin Yf 
Bertran de Lis. Ingenieyr des Mines, 
Instituto Geologico, Mostenses 2, 
Madrid, Spain. Delegate of the Gov¬ 
ernment of Spain and of the Instittrtl 
Geologique de l’Espagne. Madrid. 

A—3. Arthur G. Charleton, Asso¬ 
ciate Royal School of Mines, M. Inst. 1 
M.M. &c. 559-561 Mansion House 

Ghambersl 11 Queen Victoria street, 
London, England. 

C—6. Georgi Bontchew, Docteur, i 
Professor de Petrographic et de Min¬ 
eralogie a l’Universite de Sofia, Tche-j 
pino 4, Sofia, Bulgaria. 

A—3. 449 H. Sjogren, Sweden. 

A—3. 454 Oh. McDermid, England.i 

A—3. 472 E. Wherry, U.S. 

A—3 495 E. Ordorrez, Mexico. 

A—3 Mrs. E. Ordorrez, Mexico 

A—3 504 O. Pfordte, U.S. 

C—429 D. G. Bontchew, Bilgaria 

C—6. H. B, Patten, U.S. 

C—G. 438 T. J. Krusch, Germany. 

C—6. M. Bleowsky, Germany. 

0—6. 480 C. H. S my the Jr., U.S. 

O—488. J. C. Wilson, Canada. 

C—528. H. L. Bowman, England. 

C—6. 578 S. Visconti, Russia. 

C—6. 579 A. Bergeat, Germany, 
Delegate of the Deutche Mineralogis- 
elie Geseilechaft, Jena. 





mportant Congress of 
Men From Many Coun¬ 

An interesting sidelight on the his¬ 
tory of Toronto will be given in un¬ 
usually instructive character in con¬ 
nection with the International Geolo¬ 
gical Congress which assembles here 
next month. The occasion will be ra¬ 
ther momentous in the calling tog'ether 
of delegates from all corners of the 
globe and the discussion of peculiar 
problems of natural science which 
have presented themselves to them. 

J. B. Tyrrell has under way a com¬ 
pendium of facts of interest In the 
field of natural science which are not 
generally appreciated, and these will 
be presented in the form of lectures j 
and afterwards compiled into a book. 
This, it is understood, is in co-opera¬ 
tion with the department of education 
and will be placed on the government 
files as a reference of value. 

Thirty-six countries will send re¬ 
presentatives to the conference, and 
the arrangement of accommodation 
will be in the hands of Prof. Coleman 
of Toronto University. 



Odd Feature of Coming Inter¬ 
national Geological Congress 



Mr. J. B. Tyrrell Arranges That Men 
Famed for Their Research Shall 
Beal With This Historic Vicinity 
From All Scientific Phases. 

Toronto is to be immortalized, 
'cientiflcally and historically, at the 
ision of the International Geologi- 
1 Congress here next month. Fam- 
s geologists and men of research 
ni some 36 countries will as¬ 
semble to discuss various scientific 
problems and developments. 

Of unusual local interest, however, 

I is the undertaking of Mr. J. B. Tyr- 
| yell, President of the Canadian In¬ 
stitute, to have these distinguished 
men deal with the various phases of 
Toronto's formation and character 
in their respective spheres. 

The enterprise has received the 
encouragement of the Provincial De¬ 
partment of Education, and will 
take the form of a unique work, 
never before attempted on this con¬ 
tinent, which will deal with the nat¬ 
ural science of Toronto and vicinity. 
The work will treat with the geolo¬ 
gy, botany, history, natural history, 
climate, ornathology, animal life and 
natural characteristics of Toronto, 
each department being prepared by 
an authority on the subject dealt, 
with. Thus Toronto will become fam- 

Advance Guard of Big As¬ 
sembly Which Will Gather 
From All Corners of the 
World Is Now at Montreal 
—Opens Here on August 

MONTREAL, July 10—(Can. Press.) 
—The advance guard of a great army 
of geological experts from all over the 
world has arrived in Montreal and their 
number will! grow day by day, each 
boat and train bringing its quota to the 
geological congress. 

This will be the twelfth annual con¬ 
gress of the society and the first time 
Canada has had the honor ofenter- 
taining members. The invitation to 
hold the meeting in this country came 
from the Dominion Government, the 
Canadian Institute, the provincial gov¬ 
ernment of Toronto and the Royal So¬ 
ciety of Canada. 

The congress will be held in Toronto 
Aug. 7 to 14. 



For use of those attending the Geological Congress 
in Canada this year, the Geological Survey has pre¬ 
pared a very remarkable set of guide books. All the 
producing mining districts and areas presenting inter¬ 
esting structural features are described and mapped. 
The country along the whole length of the transcon¬ 
tinental railroads is described briefly, and illustrated 
by maps that illustrate the noteworthy features, with¬ 
out being encumbered with a maze of unimportant 
detail The guide books contain 140 such maps, am 
will for years be a valuable source of information. 1 he 
maps of the whole country have been brought up to 
date and published in attractive and convenient form. 

The undertaking was a gigantic one; but it has been 
very successfully accomplished. Director R. W. Bim v 
and the whole staff of the Geological Survey have 
made a splendid success of the work, and the Govern¬ 
ment printer has shown that Canada has facilities tor 
turning out such work in a remarkably snort time. 1 o 
publish such a large number of maps and accompany¬ 
ing text without taking several years for the work was 
only a few years ago considered quite impossible. It 
is therefore very creditable to find that Canada has 
prepared for our European visitors the best st t o 
guide books yet issued by any country. 

= The Congress will supply guide books to all those 
who take part in the excursions. Complete sets will he 
furnished at a very nominal price. 

To non-members the pi ice for the set will be about 


President, Institution of Mining and Metallurgy 

ocuwjxUow. VAmmaa.<J- >5- ic^iS. 


During the three years since the last meeting of the 
Congress, the officers have been preparing for this 
meeting in Canada. The Dominion and Provincial 
Governments have contributed liberally, and the rail¬ 
roads have made very low rates for members attending. 
During the past year a very large number of Govern¬ 
ment geologists have been working on maps and 
descriptions of the centres to be visited. The mining 
companies have given much assistance and will offer 
the members unusual opportunities of seeing the 

Among those who will visit us this summer will be 
many of the most prominent geologists in the world. 
It means much that these men by their visit will obtain 
some idea of the wonderful possibilities of Canada as 
a mineral producing country. 

The first excursion, A1 in charge of Dr. G. A. Young, 
leaves Montreal July 13. A visit will be made to 
Quebec and vicinity on July 14, and the following day 
will be spent on the south shore of the St. Lawrence. 
Then two days will be spent studying the formation 
at the eastern extremity of Gaspe Peninsula. On July 
19, iron deposits of Bathurst, New Brunswick, will be 
examined. On July 20 the party will be in Halifax. 
Visits will be made to the gold and coal mines and the 
industrial plants at Sydney, Antigonish, Joggins, 
Moncton, and St. John will be starting points for sev¬ 
eral local excursions to study geological structures. 
The party will return to Ottawa Friday, August 1st. 

On July 24 Dr. F. D. Adams and Dr. A. E. Barlow 
lead a party to points of interest in the Haliburton- 
Bancroft area, Eastern Ontario. The area lies to the 
north of Lake Ontario, on the margin of the Lauren- 
tian Protaxis of the continent. In this district is ex¬ 
posed the most notable section of the Grenville Series 
in Canada. The strata show to a remarkable degree 
the results of progressive metamorphism, as a conse¬ 
quence of the intrusion of extensive batholiths of 
granite, producing various types of amphibolite, etc. 
This district is also interesting by reason of the very 
extensive development of nepheline and other alkaline 
syenites, some of which are of the rarer types. In 
certain localities these rocks 'contain an abundance of 
corundum, while elsewhere sodalite, of a fine depth 
of colour, is conspicuous. The excursion will also include 
an inspection of the corundum mines and mills at 
Craigmont. This party wall visit Craigmont on July 
30 and arrive in Ottawa July 31. 

The guides for the first excursion of members of the 
Congress to Sudbury, Porcupine and Cobalt will be: 
Dr. W. G. Miller, C. W. Knight and A. G. Burrows, of 
the Ontario Bureau of Mines; Professors A. P. Cole¬ 
man and T. L. Walker, of the University of Toronto; 
Mr. J. B. Tyrrell, consulting mining engineer. Toronto ; 
and Mr. Arthur A. Cole, mining engineer of the T. and 
N. 0. Rv. Commission, Cobalt. 

Dr. W. G. Miller. Provincial Geologist, who is leader 
on this trip, has arranged to open quarters at his office 
in the Parliament Buildings for the convenience of the 
excursionists. The start will be made from Toronto 
Wednesday evening. July 23, and from Montreal Wed¬ 
nesday morning. 

Among those who will make the trip are: J. Stans- 
field, McGill University; A. W. G. Wilson and G. C. 
Mackenzie. Mines Branch. Dept. Mines, Ottawa; Alfred 
0 Lane. Tufts College, Mass.; J. Barrell. Yale Univer¬ 
sity, New Haven; F. L. Ransome, U. S. Geological Sur¬ 
vey, Washington, D.C.; H. Eckfeldt, South Bethlehem, 
Penn.; Miss C. A. Raisin, Bedford College, London, 

Eng.; A. E. Kitson, London, Eng., delegate of Univer¬ 
sity of Glasgow; S. W. Beyer, Iowa State College, 
Iowa; II. F. Bain, Editor Mining and Scientific Press, 
San Francisco, Cal.; G. A. J. Cole, Director Geological 
Survey of Ireland, Royal College of Science, Dublin, 
Ireland; Bedford McNeill, president Inst, of Mining 
and Metallurgy, London, Eng.; Mrs. Bedford McNeill; 
Dr. Jules Sza'deszky de Szadecsne, Kolozsvar, Hun¬ 
gary; Guiseppe Mereial, Pisa, Italy; Fred Searls, Jr., 
Goldfield, Nevada; Eugenisz Rotner, Lemberg, Aus¬ 
tria; William II. Emmons, professor of Geology, LTni- 
versity of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn.; Serafino 
Cerruli-Irelli, Rome, Italy; Ettore Matirolo, Ingeniur 
en Chef des Mines, Torino, Italy; George W. Graham, 
Government Geologist, Khartoum, Anglo-Egyptian 
Soudan; Annie Eubank. Toronto; Arthur G. Charleton, 
London, Eng.; Reginald E. Ilore, Canadian Mining 
Journal; H. Sjogren, Sweden; Charles McDermid, 
Secretary Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, London, 
Eng.; Prof. E. Wherry, Lehigh University, South 
Bethlehem, Pa.; E.- Ordonez, mining geologist, Mexico 
City, and Mrs. Ordonez. 


At the meeting of the Organization Committee of the 
Twelfth International Geological Congress, held at the 
Chateau Laiirier, Ottawa, on Tuesday, March 4th, 1913, 
it was moved by Mr. W. Fleet Robertson and seconded 
by Mr. W. F. Ferrier and carried: 

“That the Logan Memorial Committee, consisting of 
Messrs. Barlow, Brock, Coleman and Miller, be instruct¬ 
ed to proceed with the arrangements for the erection of 
suitable memorials to the late Sir William Logan, the 
locations and characters of the memorials to be left to the 
named committee and that the Organization Committee 
guarantee the expenses up to the sun of Five Hundred 

In agreement with this motion the Logan Memorial 
Committee have asked Mr. Plenri Hebert to design and 
execute a bronze tablet measuring 25 by 30 inches, with a 
suitable inscription and a bust of Sir William Logan in 
relief. The original of this tablet will be placed in a 
suitable and conspicuous place near the entrance of the 
Victoria Memorial Museum at Ottawa. A duplicate will 
be securely fastened in position on the southern face of 
a conspicuous exposure of limestone breccia near the 
village of Perce, (Gaspe Peninsula), Quebec. 

Subscriptions may be handed to any of the members of 
the Logan Memorial Committee or sent direct to the 
Secretary of the Twelfth International Geological Con¬ 
gress, Victoria Memorial Museum, Ottawa. 

You are cordially invited to subscribe. 

The following is a list of the subscribers to the 
Logan Memorial to date: J. A. Bancroft. $10; A. E. 
Barlow, $25; R. W. Brock, $5; C. Camsell, $5; C. H. 
Clapp, 5; J. M. Clarke, $50; D. B. Dowling, $5; J. A. 
Dresser. $20: C. Drysdale, $5: D. A. Dunlap, $20; W. 
F. Ferrier, $20; Abbe R. Guimont, $5; E. Haanel. $5; 
R. Ilarvie. $5; R. E. Hore, $5; M. L Hersey, $10; E. 
Jenkins, $5; W. A. Johnson, $10; E. D. Kindle. $2; O. 
E. LeRoy, $5; G. G. S. Lindsay, $5; A. P. Low, $10; 
Jas. McArthur, $10; W. Mclnnes, $10; D. S. McIntosh, 
$5; J. McLeish, $5; G. F. Matthew, $5; W. H. Merrill, 
$5; Mussens Ltd.. $10 ; M. Nordegg, $10; W. A. Parks, 
$5; M. E. Purcell. $1 ; T. W. Raeey. $5; J. C. Suther¬ 
land. $2: J. B. Tyrrell. $10; T. G Wait. $2; J. White, 
$5; A. B. Willmott, $5; A. G. Wilson, $5; M. E. Wil¬ 
son, $10. 






.(Special Despatch to Tlic Globe.) 

Montreal, July 15.—Old Quebec has 
been the scene of many inquisitions 
and conferences. On numberless 
occasions the lower province of the 
Dominion has had its joints ran¬ 
sacked for historical documents, mo- 
mentos of the early frontier days 
and relics of the battlefield. It has 
seen the International Joint High 
Commission come and go, but now 
for the first time in its existence it 
yields to the impulse of men who 
would go back before history, who 
would penetrate into the very ver¬ 
tebrae, of the continent. The Inter¬ 
national Geological Congress will 
meet in its twelfth session in Toron¬ 
to on August 7, when some 700 de¬ 
legates, representing all countries in 
the world will gather, together. 

Preliminary to that Congress ex¬ 
cursions are being held for those who 
can participate at this time. The 
first of these excursions left Mon- 1 
t.real last night for a nineteen days’ | 
tour through Quebec, New Brunswick 
and Ontario. Some 300 geologists 
participated in this “preliminary'* 
side-trip. To-day was spent in Que¬ 
bec, examining the geological forma¬ 
tions at Levis and Montmorency 
Falls. From Quebec the party will 
continue along the north shore of the 
St. Lawrence to Riviere du Loup, 
where the Bic conglomerates will be 
seen with their Cambrian pebbles; 
thence to the "Palaeozic strata and 
Appalachian structure at Gaspe Pen¬ 
insula,” and so on through Devon¬ 
ian bods, fish, fauna, volcanic intru- 
sives and iron ore deposits. 

The party is travelling in semi¬ 
state, a special train being provided 
with ample accommodation for the 
carrying of baggage and specimens, a 
first-class coach for lectures cn route, 
dining and sleeping accommodation 
with de luxe appointments. The par¬ 
ty will return to Montreal by August 

Similar excursions are being ar¬ 
ranged into the llaliburton, Cobalt 
and Niagara Falls districts in On¬ 


Arrangements Made For 
Their Entertainment 

At the annual meeting of the Co¬ 
balt Branch of the Canadian Mining 
institute the executive were empower¬ 
ed to make all necessary arrange¬ 
ments for the entertainment of the 
members of the Internationa) Geolol 
gical Congress who visit the camp. 

The. first party which will consist 
of about forty members will first 
visit Sudbury and Moose Mountain, 
and arrive in Cobalt on their special 
train on Sunday night, July 27. 

On Monday, the Geologists with 
Dr. W. G. Miller as their guide will 
be taken up the Little Silver valley 
following the Kerr Lake branch of the 
T. & N. O. rniiway to the Cobalt 
Provincial Mine. The party will cut 
across to Diabase Mountain by way 
of Peterson Lake. In the afternoon 
the mining engineers who are not 
particularly interested in geology, 
will be shown the Temiskaming and 
Crown Reserve and other producersi of 

July 29th will be spent on Lake 
Temiskaming the shore line being 
followed »,n gasoline launches. Im¬ 
mediately on their return the special 
train will leave for Porcupine'. 

July 30th will be spent in Porcu¬ 
pine camp. The special train will 
run through to Timmins. The morn¬ 
ing will be 1 spent at the Hollinger, 
the afternoon at the Dome. 

The second excursion of members 
who could not participate iu’'the first 
trip will follow the same route arriv¬ 
ing at Cobalt 20th. The 20th and 
21st will be spent in Cobalt and on 
Lake Temiskaming and the 22nd in 


Geologists Found Plenty to Interest 
Them at Cobalt Yesterday 

It was nearly 9 o’clock before the 
launch Patricia took the last of the 
Patricia conveyed the last of the 
members of the International Geolog-' 
ical Congress across Cobalt lake to 
the Nipissdng property yesterday 
morning. Two trips were required 
before all the excursionists reached 
the other side of the lake and two 
more would have been necessary had 
the visitors turned out in full. As 
it was, onlv about thirty-five accom¬ 
panied Dr. Miller. Many and varied 
were the costumes worn, and of 
these, that of the Abbe Morin, Pro¬ 
fessor of Natural Sciences at the 
i Seminaire de Joliette, Quebec, was 
I the most remarkable, and it was in 
striking contrast to the sober black 
worn by his fellow churchmen. The 
Canadian contingent for the most 
part were clad in regulation bush 
garb, and from that the clothes de¬ 
scended through gradual changes to 
| nufti. “Sore-thumb” leggings and 
puttees were much in evidence and 
;ven a pair of larrigans was sported 
by Professor Kemp, of Columbia Uni¬ 

The earlier starters were grouped 
it the foot of the keewatin rocks on 
the town side of the “Little Silver 
Vein” when the late arrivals over- 
.ook them and on the uniting of the 
parties all was bustle and excite¬ 
ment. Cameras were snapping on all 
sides, the click-click of hammers 
moke the stillness and magnifying 
'lasses were passed from hand to 
land as their possessors satisfied 
hemselves with their examination of 
heir own particular samples. A lit- 
le further on the “Little Silver 
Vein" was reached and the geologists 
rlambered on to a heap of rocks near 
he powderhouse from which a splen- 
lid view of the cleft could be ob- 
.ained and from which Dr. Miller 
lilated on the formation. About 
half an hour was spent at this 
mint, and during the halt, numerous 
vlpine feats were performed by the 
nore interested for the purpose of ob- 
aining a closer and better examina 
tion of the rocks. 

From there Dr. Miller led the par- 
,y along the Kerr Lake tracks and 
jefore going far, another object of 
nterest was reached. This was a 
idge by the side of the track of 
onglomerate cn keewatin and it 
roused much interest, discussions ir. 
i babel of tongues interspersing the 
nspections. The party was now 
•tailing off” considerable, groups 
•.nd individuals lagging behind busily 

examining anything that took their 
particular fancy while the others 
proceeded. The explanation of this 
is that while some were interested in 
the minerals the rocks contained, 
others found food for reflection in the 
antiquity of the rocks themselves. 

At this point the “Nugget” report 
er engaged in a chat with. Professor 
Cole, Director cf the Geological Sur¬ 
vey of Ireland and Professor Merciai 
of the Institute) Geologico della Regia 
Universita, 'Piza, Italy, both of when 
were paying their first visit to Cana¬ 
da. Asked what they thought of the 
rocks in this part, they both agreed 
that they were very similar to those 
of Sweden though swept considerably 
barer. Professor Cole expressed him 
self delighted with the trip and said 
that when hei got back to his stu 
dents he would have the country in 
bis mind’s eye and 1 would be able to 
talk to them enthusiastically about 
the various formations. He said that 
travel was the only way to learn 
geology and he quoted Sir Charles 
Lyell of the University College of 
' London whose advice to those who 
wanted to learn geology was “The 
first requirement is travel, the sec¬ 
ond requirement is travel and the 
third requirement is travel.” 

The Provincial workings were next 
reached and a heap of diamond drill 
ceres lying there were eagurly pounc¬ 
ed upon and added to the already 
swollen collections. Professor Lane, 
of Boston, had his pockets stuffed 
with' specimens, and when a wag in 
the. party augumented his supply 
with a few stones picked at random 
from the roadside, the offender was 
in danger for a moment of getting 
samples and all flung at his head. 

Advancing in a circle towards Co 
bait from this point an old prospect 
tunnel next aroused attention as it 
gave a splendid example of the con¬ 
tact of the diabase and Cobalt series 
a few feet above the floor. An abun¬ 
dance of raspberries and the coolness 
of the tunnel still further depleted 
the ranks and it was a mere handful 
which arrived at the Penn-Oanadian 
on Glen Lake. From this point the 
party gradually worked their way 
back to town. In the afternoon the 
party was split up. and the various 
plants were visited. 

Mr. Reginald Hore, the editor cf 
the Canadian Mining Journal accom¬ 
panied the geologists this morning 
in his professional capacity, and 
what he has to say about the excur¬ 
sion should make interesting read¬ 





“We are looking forward to having 
the time of our lives,” said Mr. Bed¬ 
ford McNeill, President of the Institu¬ 
tion of Mining and Metallurgy, Lon¬ 
don, Eng., last night to The Globe 
just before the departure of excursion 
A3 of the International Geological 
Congress for Sudbury, Cobalt and 
Porcupine, and Mr. McNeill’s ap¬ 
pearance did not belie the statement. 
He was looking as happy as a school¬ 
boy going for a holiday, but his 
shrewd remarks on Canada showed 
that little escaped his observation. 
“There is an inherent vitality about 
Canadians that is unmistakable.” 
said Mr. McNeill, “and one of the 
things that impressed me more than 
anything else is the careful attention 
that is paid to technical science and 
the way you are preparing the 
younger generation.” “I shall never 
forget the few days that I spent in 
Quebec,” said Mr. McNeill. “It is a 
charming city. Perhaps the most 
striking impression made upon me so 
far' was the singing of 'O Canada’ on 
board ship coming across the Atlan¬ 


One of the striking figures on the 
platform of the station last night was 
Mr. A. E. Kitson of the Imperial In¬ 
stitute, London, and Director of the 
Government Geological Survey of the 
Gold Coast, Africa, a short, thick-set 
man, wearing a pith helmet much 
worn on the Gold Coast. “I am 
charmed with Toronto,” said Mr. Kit¬ 
son, “and the buildings are magnifi¬ 
cent.” M,r. Kitson travelled to Can¬ 
ada by way of Australia and 'Frisep, 
and is, like all scientists, always on the 
lookout^for anything pertaining to his 
work. “I saw some splendid examples 
of erosion in Nevada and Wyom¬ 
ing, said he. Mr. Kitson ha.s spent 
some years in Australia, and climbed 
to the top of Mount Kosciusko in New 
South Wales before there was an 
Observatory established there. 

An Empire-builder. 

A true Empire-builder i3 Mr. George 
Walter Grabham, Government Geolo- 

** 1 V V Vl I 1 111 t 11 | W VO IV 

gist, Khartoum, AngkWfifgyfitful: 3u 
dan. Tall ajrd br dnzedL’.vith exposure 
'V» v'arra StyAttfreufe sun, he fir 

rests attention. Mr. Grabham and 
his associates are busy upon a huge 
dam that is to be erected near Khar¬ 
toum, which will cost $.35,000,000 be¬ 
fore it is completed. There is at 

Sixty Scientists Here From Ail 
Ends of the Earth - , 

President of Institution of Mining, 
London; Director of Government 
Survey on Gold Coast; Government 
Geologist From Khartoum iu the 

present a bill before the British "Gov-i 
eminent which provides for a loan of 
$15,000,000 to be used for the irriga¬ 
tion scheme and also for the build¬ 
ing of railways. The district thus ir¬ 
rigated will stimulate the gum and 
cotton industry and transform the 
arid region into a smiling land. 

Herr Heinrich Schulze of Hanover 
was full of admiration for Toronto. 
“Toronto is a wonderful city,” said he. 
“There are few cities in Germany to 
compare with Toronto, your build¬ 
ings are a revelation to me; their size 
and situation are admirable. The 
monuments and the buildings in 
Queen’s Park are in beautiful har¬ 

Nearly Sixty Leave for North. 

The party, which numbered near'v 
Sixty, included some of the. leading 
geologists, mineralogists, paleontolo¬ 
gists and mining engineers cf the 
world, and altogether it was cne or 
the most remarkable gatherings ot 
men that ever left the Union Station. 
The leader is Mr. Wlllet G. Miller, 
Provincial Geologist of the Depart¬ 
ment of Lands, Forests and Mines. 
With him are associate leaders for 
Sudbury, coDatt ana Borcupme. 
This excursion is of special interest to 
those interested in pre-Cambrian geol¬ 
ogy, petrography’, economic geology 
and metalliferous mining, as well as 
glacialogists and students of forestry’. 
The chief points of interest are the 
nickel and copper deposits of Sud¬ 
bury; the iron mines of Moose Moun¬ 
tain; the iron range of Timagami; 
the cobalt-silver deposits of Cobalt 
and the gold quartz veins of Porcu¬ 
pine. In addition to containing some 
of the world’s most earnnus metallif¬ 
erous deposits, the localities to be 
visited possess unexcelled facilities for 
the study of typical exposures of the 
Keewatin, Laurentian and Huronian 

Members of the Party. 

The following are the members of 
the party, who will return about 
August 1:— 

J. Barrell, Professor of Geology, 
Yale University; H. F. Bain, Editor 
Scientific and Mining Press, ’Frisco, 
Cal.; S. W. Beyer, Iowa State College, 
Iowa; A. G. Burrows, Toronto; Sera- 
fino Cerulli-Irelli, University of 
Rome, Italy; A. G. Charlton, Past 
President, Institution of Mining and 
Metallurgy’, London; Mrs. Charlton; G. 
A. J. Cole, Director Geological Survey, 
of Ireland, Dublin; A. A. Cole, M. E. 
to the T. & N. O. Railway, Cobalt; 
Prof. A. P. Coleman, Toronto; E. T. 
Corkill, Copper Cliff, Ont.; W. H. Col¬ 
lins, Geological Survey of Canada, 
Ottawa; J. A. Dresser, Sault 
Ste. Marie; H. Eckfeldt, Pro¬ 
fessor Mining Engineering, Lehigh 
University’, South Bethlehem, Pa.; 
Mrs. Eckfeldt; W. H. Emmons, Prof, 
of Geology, University of Minnesota, 
Minneapolis; Miss Annie Eubank, To¬ 
ronto; F. H. Forest, Professeur de 
Geologie, College Bourget, Rigaud, 
Quebec; Constant Godfre-- Ingen- 
ieur des Mines, La Haye, Netherlands; 
George Walter Grabham, Government 
Geologist, Khartoum, Anglo-Egyptian 
Sudan; P. E. Hopkins, Geologist, Bu¬ 
reau of Mines, Toronto; R. E. Hore, 
Editor Canadian Mining Journal, To¬ 
ronto; J. F. Kemp, Professor of Geo- 
*ogy, Columbia University, New York 
City’; C. W. Knight, Assistant Provin¬ 
cial Geologist, Bureau of Mines, To¬ 
ronto; S. F. Kirkpatrick, Professor of 
Metallurgy, School of Mining, Kings¬ 
ton; A. E. Kitson, Imperial Institute, 
London, England; A. C. Lane, Profes¬ 
sor of Geology, Tufts College, Boston, 
Mass.; Mrs. A. C. Lane; E. Lindeman, 
Mines Branch, Department of Mines, j 

Ottawa; E. Mattirolo, Ingenieur en 
Chef des Mines, Rue Charles Albert 
45 Torino, Italy; Charles McDermld, 
Secretary Institution Mining and Met¬ 
allurgy’, London, England; Bedford 
McNeill, President Institution Mining 
and Metallurgy, London, England; 
Mrs. Bedford McNeill; Guiseppe Mer- 
cial, Professeur Instituto Geologico. 
della Regia Universlta, Pisa, Italy;Wil- 
let G. Miller, Provincial Geologist of 
Ontario, Toronto; Louis Joseph Morin, 
Professeur de Sciences Naturelles, 
Seminaire de Joliette, Joliette, Que¬ 
bec; Jos. Alfred Noiseux, Seminaire 
de Joliette, Joliette, Quebec; Ezequlel 
Ordonez, Ingenieur Geologue des 
Mines, Mexico, D. F., Mexico; Mrs. 
Ordonez; Otto F. Pfordte, Cairo, 
Green County, New York; F. L. Ran- 
some, United States Geological Survey, 
Washington. D. C.; L. Reinecke, Geo¬ 
logist, Geological Survey of Canada, 
Ottawa; W. R. Rogers, Topographer, 
Bureau of Mines, Toronto; Heinrich 
Schulze,, Ingenieur, Hanover. Ger¬ 
many; Fred Searls, Goldfields, 
Nevada; W. E. Simpson, Fun- 
diconde de Los Arcos, To¬ 
luca, Mexico; H. S. A. Sjogren, 
Professor, Academy of Science, Stock¬ 
holm, Sweden, Jules Szadeczky de 
Szadecsne, Roy’al Hungarian Univer¬ 
sity, Kolozsvar, Hungary; J. B. Tyr¬ 
rell, Geologist, Toronto; Mrs. J. B. 
Tyrrell; T. L. Walker, Professor of 
Mineralogy. University of Toronto, To¬ 
ronto; Edgar T. Wherry, Lehigh Uni¬ 
versity, South Bethlehem, Pa., U.S.A.; 
A. W. G. Wilson, Mines Branch, De¬ 
partment of Mines. Ottawa; M. E. 
Wilson, Geologist, Geological Survey 
of Canada, Ottawa. 




Sixty Scientists Here From Ail 
Ends of the Earth 


President of Institution or Mining, 
London; Director of Government 
Survey on Gold Coast; Government 
Geologist From Khartoum in the 

_i t 

“We are looking forward to having 
the time of our lives,” said Mr. Bed¬ 
ford McNeill, President of the Institu¬ 
tion of Mining and Metallurgy, Lon¬ 
don. Eng., last night to The Globe 
just before the departure of excursion 
A3 of the International Geological 
Congress for Sudbury, Cobalt and 
Porcupine, and Mr. McNeill’s ap¬ 
pearance did not belie the statement. 
He was looking as happy as a school¬ 
boy going for a holiday, hut his 
shrewd remarks on Canada showed 
that little escaped his observation. 

“There is an inherent vitality about 
Canadians that is unmistakable.” 
said Mr. McNeill, “and one of the 
things that impressed me more than 
anything else is the careful attention 
that is paid to technical science and 
the way you are preparing the 
younger generation.” “I shall never 
forget the few days that I spent in 
Quebec.” said Mr. McNeill. “It is a 
charming city. Perhaps the most 
striking impression made upon me so 
far was the singing of ‘O Canada’ on 
board ship coming across the Atlan¬ 

One of the striking figures on the 
platform of the station last night was 
Mr. A. E. Kitson of the Imperial In¬ 
stitute, London, and Director of the 
Government Geological Survey of the 
Gold Coast, A^ica, a short, thick-set 
man, wearing a pith helmet much 
worn on the Gold Coast. “I am 
charmed with Toronto,” said Mr. Kit¬ 
son, “and the buildings are magnifi¬ 
cent.” Mr. Kitson travelled to Can¬ 
ada by way’ of Australia and 'Frisco, 
and is, like all scientists, always on the 
lookout for anything pertaining to his 
work. “I saw some splendid examples 
of erosion in Nevada and Wyom¬ 
ing,” said he. Mr. Kitson has spent 
some years in Australia, and climbed 
to the top of Mount Kosciusko in New 
South Wales before there was an 
Observatory established there. 

An Empire-DulKIer. 

A true Empire-builder is Mr. George 
Walter Grabham, Government Geolo¬ 
gist, Khartoum, Anglo-Egyptian Su¬ 
dan. Tall and bronzed with exposure 
to the warm Sudanese sun, he ar¬ 
rests attention. Mr. Grabham and 
his associates are busy upon a huge 
dam that is to be erected near Khar¬ 
toum. which will cost $35,000,000 be¬ 
fore it is completed. There is at 
present a bill before the British Gov¬ 
ernment which provides for a loan of 
$15,000,000 to be used for the irriga¬ 
tion scheme and also for the build¬ 
ing of railways. The district thus ir¬ 
rigated will stimulate the gum and 
cotton industry and transform the 
'arid region into a smiling land. 

Herr Heinrich Schulze of Hanc 
was full of admiration for Toroi, 
“Toronto Is a wonderful city,” said he 
“There are few cities in Germany to 
compare with Toronto. four build¬ 
ings are a revelation to me; their size 
and situation are admirable. The 
monuments and the buildings in 
Queen’s Park are in beautiful har¬ 

rii-xt-y Leave- for North. 

The party, which numbered nr-arh 
sixty, included some or tne leading 
geologists, mineralogists, paleontolo¬ 
gists and mining engineers of the 
world, and altogether it was cne of 
the most remarkable gatherings or 
men that ever left the Union Station. 
The leader is Mr. Wlllet G. Miller, 
Provincial Geologist of the Depart¬ 
ment of Lands, Forests and Mines. 
With him are associate leaders for 
Suabury, cobalt and Rorcupine. 
This excursion is of special interest to 
those interested in pre-Cambr ian geol¬ 
ogy’, petrography, economic geology 
and metalliferous mining, as well as 
glacialogists and students of forestry. 
The chief points of interest are the 
nickel and copper deposits of Sud¬ 
bury; the iron mines of Moose Moun¬ 
tain; the iron range of Timagami; 
the cobalt-silver deposits of Cobalt 
and the gold quartz veins of Porcu¬ 
pine. In addition to containing some 
of the world’s most metallif¬ 

erous deposits, the localities to he 
visited possess unexcelled facilities for 
the study of typical exposures of the 
Keewatin, Laurentian and Huronian 


l erv* 


Members of the Party. 

The following are the members of 
the party, who will return about 
August 1:— 

J. Barrell, Professor of Geology, 
Yale University; H. F. Bain, Editor 
Scientific and Mining' Press, ’Frisco, 
Cal.; S. W. Beyer, Iowa State College, 
Iowa; A. G. Burrows, Toronto; Sera- 
fino Cerulli-Irelli, University of 
Rome, Italy; A. G. Charlton, Past 
President, Institution of Mining and 
Metallurgy, Eondon; Mrs. Charlton; G. 
A. J. Cole, Director Geological Survey, 
of Ireland, Dublin; A. A. Cole, M. E. 
to the T. & N. O. Railway, Cobalt; 
Prof. A. P. Coleman, Toronto; E. T. 
Corkill, Copper Cliff, Ont.; W. H. Col¬ 
lins, Geological Survey of Canada, 
Ottawa; J. A. Dresser, Sault 
Ste. Marie; H. Eckfeldt, Pro¬ 
fessor Mining Engineering, Dehigh 
University, South Bethlehem, Fa.; 
Mrs. Eckfeldt; W. H. Emmons, Prof, 
of Geology, University of Minnesota,' 
Minneapolis; Miss Annie Eubank, To¬ 
ronto; F. H. Forest, Frofesseur de 
Geologie, College Bourget, Rigaud, 
Quebec; Constant Godfro- Ingen- 
teur des Mines, La Haye, Netherlands; 
George Walter Grabham, Government 
Geologist, Khartoum, Anglo-Egyptian 
Sudan; P. E. Hopkins, Geologist, Bu- 
| reap of Mines, Toronto; R. E. Hore, 
Editor Canadian Mining Journal, To- 
! ronto; J. F. Kemp, Professor of Geo- 
iOgy, Columbia University, New York 
City; C. W. Knight, Assistant Provin¬ 
cial Geologist, Bureau of Mines, To¬ 
ronto; S. F. Kirkpatrick, Professor of 
Metallurgy, School of Mining, Kings¬ 
ton; A. E. Kitson, Imperial Institute, 
London, England; A. C. Lane, Profes¬ 
sor of Geology, Tufts College, Boston, 
Mass.; Mrs. A. C. Lane; E. Lindeman, 
Mines Branch, Department of Mines, 
Ottawa; E. Mattlrolo, Ingenieur en 
Chef des Mines, Rue Charles Albert 
45 Torino, Italy; Charles McDermid, 
Secretary Institution Mining and Met¬ 
allurgy, London, England; Bedford 
McNeill, President Institution Mining 
and Metallurgy, London, England; 
Mrs. Bedford McNeill; Guiseppe Mer- 
c.ial, Frofesseur Institute Geologico. 
della Regia Universita, Pisa, Italy;Wil- 
let G. Miller, Provincial Geologist of 
Ontario, Toronto; Louis Joseph Morin, 
Professeur de Sciences Naturelles, 
Seminaire de Joliette, Joliette, Que¬ 
bec; Jos. Alfred Noiseux, Seminaire 
‘de joliette, Joliette, Quebec; Ezequiel 
Ordonez, Ingenieur Geologue des 
Mines. Mexico, D. F., Mexico; Mrs. 
Ordonez; Otto F. Pfordte, Cairo, 
Green County, New York; F. L. Ran- 
some, United States Geological Survey, 
Washington, D. C.; L. Reinecke, Geo¬ 
logist Geological Survey of Canada, 
Ottawa; W. R. Rogers, Topographer, 
Bureau of Mines, Toronto; Heinrich 
Schulze,, Ingenieur. Hanover. Ger¬ 
many-' Fred Searls, Goldfields, 
Nevada; W. E. Simpson. Fun- 
diconde de Los Arcos, To¬ 
luca Mexico; H. S. A. Sjogren, 
Professor, Academy of Science, Stock¬ 
holm Sweden; Jules Szadeczky de 
Szadecsne, Royal Hungarian Univer¬ 
sity Kolozsvar, Hungary; J. B. Tyr¬ 
rell’ Geologist, Toronto; Mrs. J. B. 
Tyrrell' T L. Walker, Professor of 
Mineralogy. University of Toronto To¬ 
ronto- Edgar.X. Wherry, Lehigh Uni¬ 
versity, South Bethlehem. Pa., U.S.A.; 
A W. G. Wilson, Mines Branch. De¬ 
partment of Mines, Ottawa, M. E. 
Wilson, Geologist, Geological Survey 
of Canada, Ottawa. 




Many Paris of the World 
Represented in Party 
That Will Visit 

Fifty two members will take part 
m A-3 excursion of the International 
geological congress and they will ar¬ 
rive in Cobalt late on Sunday night, 
taking up the whole of Monday in 
examining the Cohalt camp. Details 
of their proceedings here have already- 
been published in The Nugget but it 
may be stated that in addition it is 
now certain that the Cobalt branch 
of the Canadian Mining Institute will 
give the distinguished visitors a- re¬ 
ception. There are twent- Canadiansl 
in the party, 12 from the United 
States and 10 Britishers other than 
Canadians. Six members are bring¬ 
ing their wives. 

The revised list follows ; 

Leader—Willet G. Miller. 

Associate Leaders ; Sudbury—a. P 
Coleman and T. L. Walker. CobaltH 
Cyril W. Knight and A. A. Cole. 
Porcupine—A. G. Burrows aud Perev 
15. Hopkins. 

Secretary—W. R. Rogers. 

Assistant Secretary—Itercy E. Plop- 

Barrell, J., Professor of Geology, 
Yale University, New Haven, Conn., 

Bain, H. F., Editor Mining and 
Scientific Press, Sas Franciscu, Cal. 

Beyer, S. W., Iowa State College, 
Ames, Iowa, U.S.A. 

Burrows, A. G., Geologist, Bureau 
of Mines, Toronto, Ontario. 

Gerulli-Irelli, Serafino, Mnitre do 
conferences dc Paleontologie, t I’Uiii- 
verate de Rome, Italy. 

Oharleton, A. G., Past-President, 
Institution of Mining and Metallurgy 
London, England. 

Charlcton, Mrs. 

Cole, G. A. J., Director of the 
Geological Survey of Ireland, Dublin, 

Cole, A. A., Mining Engineer to the 
Timiskaming and Northern Ontario 
Ry., Cobalt Ontario. 

Coleman, A. P., Professor of Geo¬ 
logy, University of Toronto, Toronto 

Corkill, E. T., Safety Engineer, 
Copper Cliff, Ontario. 

Collins, W. H., Geologist, Geologi¬ 
cal Survey of Canada, Ottawa, On¬ 

Dresser, J. A., Manager Lands De¬ 
partment, the Algoma Central and 
Hudson Bay Railway Company,Vgaul# 
Ste. Marie, Ontario. 

Eckfeldt, H., Professor of Mining 
Engineering, Lehigh Universpity, 
South Bethlehem, Pa., U.S.A. 
Eckfeldt, Mrs. 

Emmons, W. H., Professor of Geo¬ 
logy, University of Minnesota, Minne-r 
apolis, U.S.A. 

Eubank, Miss Annie, Toronto, On¬ 

Forest, F. H., Professor de Geolo¬ 
gie, College Bourget, Rigaud, QueW-ec. 

Godfroy, Constant, Ingenieur des 
Mines, La Haye, Netherlands. 

Grabham, George Walter, Goveni- 
nent Geologistl Khartoum, Auglo- 
Mgyptian Sudan. 

Hopkins, P. E., Geologist, Bureau 
of Mines, Toronto, Ontario. 

Hore, R. E. t editor Canadian Min- 
ng Journal, Toronto, Ontario. 

Kemp, J. F., Professor of Geology 
'olumbia University, New York City 

Knight, C. W., Assistant, provincial 
Geologist, Bureau of Mines, Toronto, 

I Kirkpatrick, S. F., Professor of 
| Metallurgy, School of Mining, King- 
! .ton, Ontario, 

Kitson, A. E., Imperial Institute, 
jondon, England. 

Lane, A. C., Professor of Geology, 
'ufts College, Boston, Mass., U. S.’ 

Lane, Mrs. A. C. 

Lindeman, E., Mines Branch, De- 
artmerit of Mines, Ottawa, Ontario. 
Mattirolo, E., Ingenieur en chef dea 
fines, Rue Charles Albert 45 Torino 

McDermid, Charles, Secretary In 
-itution of Mining and Metallurg 
ondon, England. 

McNeill, Bedford, President Instit 
ion of Mining and Metallurgy, l 
on, England. 

McNeill, Mrs. Bedford. 

Merciai, Guiseppe, Professeur In- 
tituto Geologico della Regia Univer- 
ita, Piza, Italy. 

Miller, Willet, G., Provincial Geolo- 
ist of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario. 
Morin, Louis Joseph, Professeur de 
ciences Naturelles, Seminaire de Jo- 
ette, Joliette, Quebec. 

Noiseux, Jos. Alfred, Seminaire de 
oldette, Joliette, Quebec. 

Ordonez, Ezequiel, Ingenieur Geolo- 
ue des Mines, Mexico, D.F., Mexico 
Ordonez, Mrs. 

Pfordte, Otto F., Cairo, Greene 
ounty, New York, U.S.A. 

Ransome, F. L., United States Geo- 
igical Survey, Washington, D.C. 
Reinecke, L., Geologist, Geological 
urvey of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. 
Rogers, W. R., Typographer, Bur- 
iu of Mines, Toronto, Ontario. 
Schulze, Heinrich, Ingenieur/ Han- 
ver, Germany, 

Searls, Fred, Goldfields, Nevada, 

Simpson, W. E., Fundiconde de Los 
rcos, Toluca, Mexico. 

Sjogren, H. S. A., Professor Acad- 
my of Science, Stockholm, Sweden,. 
Szadeczky de Szadecsne, Jules Ro- 
-*1 Hungarian University, Kolozvar, 

Tyrell, J. B., Geologist, Toronto, 

Tyrell, Mrs. J. B. 

Walker T. L., Professor of Mineral- 
.gy, University of Toronto, Toronto, 

ntario. . , TT . „ 

Wherry, Edgar T., Lehigh Umver- 
Ltv South Bethlehem, Pa., U.S.A. 
Wilson, A. W. G., Mines Branch, 
'epartment of Mines, Ottawa, On 

cario. . , _ . . 

Wilson, M. E., Geologist, Geologi- 
'i\ Survey of Canada, Ottawa, On- 



~ —.— 


Leader of Geologists’ excursion Into 
Northern Ontario. 


Canadian Institute is Issuing an 
Interesting Book 


Visiting Geologists May Read of To¬ 
ronto’s History, Geology, Archae¬ 
ology, Climatology and Natural 
History—Prof. Faull is Editor. 

There is in the press a hook entitl¬ 
ed The Natural History of the To¬ 
ronto Region, which is to be published 
on August 1. 


The Canadian Institute, in this 
remarkable publication has produced 
a work such as has never before been 
written of any city in America. In 
it is’ comprised the History, Geology, 
Archaeology, Climatology and Natural 
History of Toronto and its vicinity for 
a radius of about fifty miles. Pro¬ 
fessor J. H. Faull of the University 
of Toronto is the editor, assisted by 
a committee of the Institute. 

All the articles have been contrib¬ 
uted by members of the Institute, 
specialists in the subjects treated. 
These comprise a specification of the 
flora and fauna of the Toronto region 
■with details, not alone as to species, 
but also of the places where they may 
be found. Interesting illustrations 
and important useful maps detached 
and beautifully executed, accompany 
this book. 

The aim of the Institute has been 
to ensure that all the information 
contained in the work should be auth¬ 
entic, accurate, and up-to-date. This 
result the council of the Institute feel 

I they have attained. 

The object of the publication of 
the book at this particular time is on 
the part of the Canadian Institute to 
contribute to the literature of and to 
commemorate the first meeting of the 
International Geological Congress in 
Canada at Toronto, and to enable 
geologists in attendance at the con¬ 
gress to acquaint themselves with the 
natural phenomena of Toronto and 
its vicinity. 

While that purpose is served, the 
book will always fill a permanent and 
Important place in the scientific liter¬ 
ature of Ontario. The book is com¬ 
ing from the press of William 

Articles in the Book. 

The twenty-two articles composing 
the book are entitled as follows: — 
Toronto: An Historical and Des¬ 
criptive Sketch. By David R.eid Keys, 


The Indians who Formerly Inhabit- 

S ed or Visited the Site of Toronto. By 
Alexander Francis Chamberlain, M.A., 

Geology of the Toronto Region. By 
A. P. Coleman, Ph.D., F.R.S. 

The Climate of Toronto. By R. F. 
Stupart, F.R.S.C. 

Life Zones. By C. D. Howe, Ph.D. 
The' Seed Plants of Toronto and 
Vicinity. By Principal William Scott. 

Ferns and Fern Allies. By T. J. 
Ivey, M.A. 

Mosses and Liverworts. By G. H. 
Graham, M.A. 

Mushrooms and Other Fungi. By 
Thomas Langton, M.A., LL.B. 

The Algae. By J. H. Faull, Ph.D. 
Lichens. By J. H. Faull, Ph.D. 
Mycetazoa, or Slime Moulds. By 
J. H. Faull. Ph.D. 

Insect Galls of the Vicinity of To¬ 
ronto. By A. Cosens, M.A., Ph.D. 

Zoology. Edited by J. Playfair 

Mammals. By James H. Fleming. 
Birds. By James H. Fleming. 
Reptiles. By J. B. Williams. F.Z.S. 
Amphibia. By W. H. Piersol, B.A., 

Fishes. By C. W r . Nash. 

Invertebrates Other than Insects 
and Mollusks., By A. G. Huntsman, 
B.A., M.B. 

Mollusca. By A. D. Robertson, 

Insects and Their Allies. By E. M. 1 
Walker, B.A., M.B. 




Excursion 3 A Away to 
Good Start 

The fifty-six members of the 3A ex¬ 
cursion of the Geological Convention 
are in Sudbury, where they will re¬ 
main until one o’clock Sunday, when 
they will leave for Cobalt. There are 
a good many points of interest of 
which Sudbury is the centre, Copper 
Cliff, the Mond smelter at Coniston, 
the new work tit (the old Murray 
mine, en d Moose Mountain iron mine. 
The Sudbury Board of Trade will 
banquet the party on Saturday nighs 
when it-is probable the Hon. W. H. 
Hearst will be present. 

The special train of Pullmans as it 
left Toronto made a good impression 
and the excursion has so far been at¬ 
tended by fine weather and the best 
of luck. 

The party will arrive here on Sun¬ 
day night. 

“We are looking forward to having 
the time of our lives,” said Mr. Bed¬ 
ford McNeill, President ctf the Insti¬ 
tution of Mining and Metallurgy, 
London, Eng., just before the de¬ 
parture of the excursion for Sud¬ 
bury, Cobalt and Porcupine, and Mr. 
McNeilil’8 appearance did not belie 
the statement. He was looking as 
happy as a schoolboy going for a 
holiday, but his shrewd remarks on 
Canada showed that little escaped 
his observation. “There is an in- 
lerent vitality about Canadians that 
s unmistakable,” said Mr. McNeill, 
'and one of the things that impress- 
id me more than anything else is the 
areful attention that is paid to toch- 
lical science and the way you are 
ireparing the younger generation.” 
‘I shall never forget the few days 
that I spent in Quebec,” said Mr. 
McNeil. “It is a charming city. 
Perhaps the most evoking impres¬ 
sion made upon me so far was the 
unging of ‘O Canada’ on board ship 
;oming across the Atlantic.” 

One of the striking figures on the 
platform of the station was Mr. E. 
A. Kitson of the Imperial Institute, 
London, and Director of the Govern¬ 
ment Geological Survey of the Gold 
Coast, Africa, a short, thick-set man 
wearing a pith helmet much worn on 
,.he Gold Coast. Mr. Kitson travel¬ 
led to Canada by way of Australia 
and Frisco, and is. like all scientists, 
always on the lookout for anything 
pertaining to his work. “I saw some 

splendid samples of erosion in Nevada 

inH Wrrnmlncr ’ 1 aoiH llP 1VT T* K it.Rflll 

xnd Wyoming,” said he. Mr. Kitson 
has spent some years in Australia, 
and climbed to the top of Mount 
Kosciusko in New South Wales be¬ 
fore there was an observatory estab¬ 
lished there. 

A true empire-builder is Mr. George 
Walter Grabham, Government Geolo¬ 
gist, Khartoum, Anglo-Egyptian Su¬ 
dan. Tall and bronzed with expos¬ 
ure to the warm Sudanese sun, he 
arrests attention. Mr, Grabham and 
his associates are busy upon a huge 
dam that is to be erected near 
Khartoum, which wilt cost $35,000,- 
000 before it is completed. There is 
at present a bill before 1 the British 
Government which provides for a 
loan of $15,000,000 to be used for 
the irrigation scheme and also for 
the building of railways. 




Canadian Institute Publishes 
Book to Commemorate 
Visit of Geologists. 

There is in the press at the present 
time a book entitled "The Natural 
History ol’ the Toronto Region," which 
is to be published on Aug. 1. 

The Canadian Institute in this re¬ 
markable publication has produced a 
work such as has never before been 
written of any city in America. In it 
is comprised the history, archaeology, 
climatology and natural* history of To¬ 
ronto and its vicinity for a radius of 
about GO miles. Prof. Dr. Faull of the 
University <jf Toronto is the editor, 
assisted by a committee of the insti¬ 

All the articles have been contri¬ 
buted by members of the institute, 
specialists in the subjects treated of. 
These comprise a specification of the 
flora and fauna of the Toronto region, 
with details, not alone as to species, 
but, also of the places where they may 
be found. Interesting illustrations and 
important, useful maps, detached and 
beautifully executed, accompany this 

The aim of, the institute has been to 
ensure that all the information con¬ 
tained in the work should be authen¬ 
tic, accurate, and up to. date. This 
result the council of the institute feel 
they have attained. 

Guide to Visitors. 

The object of the publication of the 
book at this particular time is on the 
part of the Canadian Institute to con¬ 
tribute to the literature and to 
commemorate the first meeting of the 
International Geological Congress in 
Canada at Toronto, and to enable 
geologists in attendance at the con¬ 
gress to acquaint themselves with the 
natural phenomena of Toronto and its 

While that purpose is served, the 
book will always fill a permanent and 
important place in the scientific litera¬ 
ture of Ontario. The book is coming 
from the press of William Briggs. 

-f - Cg 

Distinguished hot ly of Geologists 
Will Visit New Gold Carn^ 

In spite of the difficulties attending 
it, so insistent h;*s been the demand, 
to see Kirkland Lake that a party of 
Geologists will leave Haileyburv this 1 
afternoon for that camp. Ever since 
the arrival in Cobalt ways and means 1 
have been sought to s^e the new hold 
camp and now it has been found. 
To-day on the arrival of the special 
train at Haileybury a T. & N. O. 
Engine will book on to one of the 
first-class cars and will take the 
party through to Swastika which J 
sould he reached about four o’clock., 

, Mr. Charles O’Connell of the Tough-' 
'.Oakes has arranged to have convey- 1 
| ances there to carry the party over 
the five miles t>f road to Kirkland 
j Lake. They will [arrive at or near 
Gull Lake about, five or five thirty 
| and will utilize the remainder of the 
j daylight, in seeing the Tough Oakes 
I mine, They will) come back in the 
1 dark and wait at Swastika station 
i until the special train passes through 
on its way to Porcupine 1 tonight a- 
bout half past eleven or twelve 

The list of those going into Kirk¬ 
land Lake are : 

Mr. H. Foster Bain, editor of the 
Mining and Scientific Press. 

Mr. F. Lf Ransome, United States 
Geological Survey, Washington, P-C. 

Mr. H. B. Wallis, M. Inst. M. & M. 
of London. 

Mr. Bedford McNeill, president of 
the Institution of Mining and Metal¬ 
lurgy, London, Eng. 

Mr. A. G. Charleiton, past president 
of the Institution of M. & M. 

Mr. A. E. Kitson, Imperial Insti¬ 
tute-, London, Eng. 

Mr. A. G. B. Wilbraham, M. & M., 
London, Eng. 

Dr. T. L. Walker, Professor of Min¬ 
eralogy, University of Toronto. 

Mr. F. A. Jordan, Supt. Moose 
Mountain Iron Mine. 

Mr. A. Pare, the man who opened 
up the Hollinger Mine. 

Mr. A. G. Burrows, geologist of 
the Bureau of Mines, Ontario. 

In Mr. Burrows the party will'havS 
the best guide obtainable as 1 he has 
but just returned from studying the 
new field with the 1 thoroughness char¬ 
acteristic of his work, all through 
j- Northern Ontario. 


W - i C* \ 3. Wr 



• ICJ 


The Geologists 9 Visit 


a i 



| p| 






W oJJi Wyff*- t( V» 

; , 



tc \“ 



■ \ ■ . " , j’j., ,. ■ < 

: .• •- •' ■ -s 





Geologists Arrived in Gamp Last Night 
And Are Spending Day Visiting 
The Mines 

After three strenuous days in the 
nickel belt ol Sudbury the first ex¬ 
cursion of members of the interna¬ 
tional Geological Congress arrived 
in Cobalt last night on a special 
train, in spite of the fact that one 
moriAng members were routed out of 
their berths at six o’clock in the 
morning and the Sudbury Board of 
Trade banquet lasted till one o'clock 
in the morning all of the par tv look¬ 
ed fresh and well and are seeking 
fresh worlds to conquer. During the 
sta- In Bud bur v the party was under 
the guidance of Prof. Coleman who 
has made a study of the Sudbury 
nickel field. With the limited time 
at the disposal of the party he cov¬ 
ered every point of outstanding in¬ 
terest. The great pit at, Creighton, 
the big furnaces and smelting plant 
at. Copper Cliff, the Mond smelter 
at Coniston, the Murray mine and 
the Mooes Mountain iron mins, all 
were seen, in the space of two days-. 
On Sunday, Dr. Miller who is In 
charge (.if the expedition decreed a 
rent for those who desired it. Con 
sequently all the party arrived in 
Cobalt keen to observe the silver 

The excursion has been admirably 
arranged. The visitors carry their 
own dining car and the expedition is 
in every respect self-contained. The 
C.P1R. has put the arrangement^ in 
the hands of some of their most ex¬ 
perienced officials and everything 
moves smoothly. The visitors are 
particularly pleased with the ar¬ 
rangement's made for '.herr conven¬ 
ience in the baggage car. Here all 
their trunks and grips are on shelves 
and easily obtainable. Underneath 
trains and boxes have bean provided 
for specimens. Each member has 
also been provided with sample bags 
and inaps of all kinds. Dr. Miller hag 
rten that iii enc-h car inaps of all 
kinds, illustrating tlvr district have 
been pinned up and he and Prof. 
Cyril Knight and Prof. Burrows, all 
of the Ontario Gck logical Depart¬ 
ment have been marking out the 
chi f points of interest, on every 
available occasion. 

This morning ail the members' were 
up blight and earlv to catch the 
gasoline over Cobalt Lake, the trip 
for the (lav commencing at the Little 
Pd Ivor vein on the Nipissing, where 
the original Nipissing company took 
out $200,fl0'0 in the very early days 
of the camp. Afterwards thev stud¬ 
ied geological conditions under the 
guidance of Dr. Miller, as far as 
Diabase Mountain returning to their 
diner for lunch. This afternoon the 

part- will be. split up among various 
mines. The five ladies accompanying 
the party visited Hailey bury this 

The language miestion which at one 
time promised to be e-iious, has been 
solved. Two thirds of the visitors 
Shave enough English to understand 
and be understood but those "who 
were not conversant with the Anglo- 
Saxon found a common basis of con¬ 
versation in German with the 1 excep¬ 
tion of the Italian representatives;- 
It was surmised >- the leaders of the 
expedition that the representatives 
from Quebec might find a common 
Latin basis with the Savants from 
Italy and so it proved and there is 
no longer any language problem : it 
has been solved. Owing to the Inter¬ 
nal ional and polyglot nature of the 
gathering it. was a bright conception 
Li tag every man with his name. 
Every delegated has, in fact, his sur¬ 
name and initial quite legiblv printed 
on a bag so that introductions aro 
much facilitated. To-night the Cana¬ 
dian Mining Institute will give the 
visitors an informal reception at the 
Masonic Hall. 

Dr. Miller will give a general sketch 
1 of the geological conditions in the 
camp, Mr. A. A. Cole will show f>ci;nel| 
. of his pictures of the most romark- 
; able veins in the camp with the aid 
of the lantern, and Mr. Fraser Reid 
.of the Ooniagas, will give a short 
! sketch on concentration. Afterwards 
'some of the visitors will give some 
j of their views of the camp. 

That the preliminary stroll round 
the town before the excursion started 
this morning gave a favorable im¬ 
pression is evidenced by the remarks 
of Mr. Chas. McDcrmid, secretary' oP 

i L .. T « i 1-11 f n n /I TVA f 

1TJL1 . \ uuiD, mm, I ^ XU* y 

the Institution of Mining and Metal¬ 
lurgy, London. Mr. McDcrmid was 
here five years a^o when Cobalt town 
was in a rather chaotic condition. 
Ho said this morning, "I am astound¬ 
ed at the change that has taken plaoO 
i in your town, I was quite prepared 
to see a great change in your mines 
but the improvement in the town is 

The list of eminent geologists, 
metallurgists, and mining engineers 
who are seeing Cobalt camp to-day 
has had to be considerably revised 
since the middle of the week. Prof. 

Boyer of Iowa State College, Mr. B. 
T. Oorkill, Safety Engineer, Copper 
Cliff r, Dr. W. PI. Emmons, of the 

University of Minnesota : Mr. Con¬ 
stant Godfrey of the Hague, Nether¬ 
lands ; Prof. Kirkpatrick of King¬ 
ston ; M. Erequiel Ordonez, of Mexi- 

.. T»i«* C 1 *— 



Lei tgh University, could not come. 
Their places have, however, been 
taken up with men, who found that 
they were at liberty to come on the 
first excursion. 

Leader—Willet G. Miller. 

Associate l eaders : Sudbury—A. iCP. 
Coleman and T. L. Walker. Cobalt— 

( Cyril W. Knight, and A. A. Cole 1 . 
Porcupine—A. G. Burrows and Percy 
E. Hopkins. 

Secretary—W. R. Rogers. 

Assistant Secretary—Percy E. Hop 

Barrel!, J., Professor of Geology, 
Yale University, New Haven, Conn.,, 

Bain, H. F., Editor Mining and 
Scientific Press, San Francisco, Cal., 

Burrows, A. G. Geologist, Bureau 
of Mines, Toronto, Ontario. 

K various OerulliTreili, Serafino, Maitrc de 
m Panying j;Conferences de Paleontologi'e, a I'TJni. 
J >y this versite de Rome, Italy. 

Charleton, A. G., Past-President, 
e!i at one institution of Mining and Metallurgy 
h;rsbeen London, England. 

: visitors | charleton, Mrs. 
nderstand Cole, G. A. J., Director of the 
is; who Geological Survey of Ireland, Dublin, 
ie ^ ,IE ' 0 '; Ireland. 

9 of con- Cole, A. A., Mining Engineer to o**. 
hi- excep- Timiskaming and Northern Ontario 
ntatrves- By ^ Cobalt, Ontanlo. 

■rs of the Collins, W. H. Geologist,- Geologi- 
entatives c;t ,i Survey of Canada, Ottawa, On- 
common tario. 

its from Dresser, ,T. A., Mana.ger Lands De¬ 
partment, the Algoma Central and 
Hudson Bav Railway Company, SaulN 
Ste. Marie, Ontario. 

Eckfeldt, H., Proiessar of Mining 
Engineering, LeWgii University 
South Bethlehem, pa., U.S.A. 

Eckfeldt, Mrs. 

Eubank, Miss Annie, Toronto, On 

Forest, F. H., Professor de Geolo¬ 
gic, College Bourget, Rigaud, Uucbec. 

Grabham, George Walter, Govern¬ 
ment Geologist, Khartoum, Anglo- 
Egyptian Sudan. 

Hopkins, p, E., Geologiist, Bureau 
of Mines, Toronto, Ontario. 

Hore, R. E., Editor of the Cana¬ 
dian Mining Journal. 

Kemp, J. F., Professor of Geology 
Columbia University, New York City 

Knight, C. W., Assistant Provincial 
Geologist, Bureau of Mines, Toronto, 

Kitson, A. E., Imperial Institute, 
London, England. 

Lane, A. 0., Professor of Geology, 
Tufts College, Boston, Mass., U.S.A. 

Lindetnan, E., Mines Branch, De>- 
partment of Mines, Ottawa, Ontario. 

Mattirolo, E., Ingenieur en chef des 
Mines, Rue Charles Albert 45 Torino, 

McDcrmid, Charles, Secretary In¬ 
stitution of Mining and Metallurgy, 
London, England. 

McNeill, Bedford, President Institu¬ 
tion of Mining, and Metallurgy, Lon¬ 
don, England. 

McNeill, Mrs. Bedford. 

Mercia 1, Guissppe, Profcoseur In¬ 
stitute Gcologico della Regia Univcr- 
sita, Piza, Italy. 

Miller, Willett, G., Provincial Geo¬ 
logist of Ontario, Toronto, Ontario, -r 
Morin, Louis, Joseph, Professeur de 
Sciences Naturclles, Setniuaire de Jo- 
liettr, Juliette, Quebec. 

Nniseux, Jen, Alfred, Scmiuaire tie 
kolictte, Jollictte, Quebec. 


eg 3 

chere is 
Mem : it 
he Tnter- 
s of the 
! name, 
his sue-. 
i printed 
ons are 
ie Cana- 
ivc the 
i at the 

il sketch 
in the 
iw pojnel 
thc aid 
;cr Reid 
e 60 uie 

.1 round 
lc im- 
;a.ry o(J 
1 was 
It town 

n pla«* 

• mines 
own is 

Mr. E- 
CopP er 
if the 
r . Con- 

fjitbei' - 

t Me®' 

ry o' 


| ffdrdfcrp Oita, E,. Cairo, Grephe 
j < minty. New York, U.S.A. 

Ran some. F. I... United States Geo¬ 
logical Survey, Washington, ,D.C. 

Rein-cke, j,., Geologist, Geological 
.••urvev of Canada, Ottawfl, Ontario. 

Rogers, W. R., Typographer, Bur¬ 
eau of Min s, Toronto, Ontario. 

Shultze, Hebrich, Ingenieur, Han¬ 
over, Germany. 

Searls, Fred, Goldfields Nevada, 


Simpson, W. E., Fundiconde de Lodi 
Arcos, Toluca, Mexico. 

Sjogren, H. S. A., Professor Acad 
C'ny of Science, Stockholm, Sweden. 

Szadeczky do Szadecsne, Julea Ro 
val, Hungarian University. Kolozvar 

Tyrrell, J. b., Geologist, Toronto, 

Tyrrell, Mrs.- J. B. 

Walker. T. L. Professor of Mineral¬ 
ogy, University of Toronto, Toronto, 

Wilson M. E., Geologist, Gcologi- 
Department of- Mines, Ottawa, On- 

Wilsoo, M. E., Geologist, Geoloif- 
ca! Survey of Canada, Ottawa, On¬ 

E. A. Jordan, Supt. Moose Moun- 
tain Iron Mine. 

1 • riatmz’ky, KharkofT, Russia. 

A. G. B. Wilbraham, M. Inst. M. 
of M., London, E.C. 

H B. Wallis, M. Inst. M. & M. of 

Mi .and Mrs. Kirby Thomas, New 


Successful Reception to 
Geologists Last 

Night | 

A most successful reception was 
tendered the visiting geologists last 
night at the Masonic Hall t>v the Co¬ 
balt branch of the Canadian Mining 
■ Institute. It took the form, of short 
papers, shorter speeches, light refresh-i 
rnents and a dance without which any 
event in Cobalt is incomplete. 

In addition to the visitors there 
was a good number of the members; 
of the Mining Institute present. 

Mrs. E, V. Neeiands, whose husjt'pnd 
is this year chairman of the local 
branch, received the guests, assisted 
by Mrs. R. P. Rogers, and Mrs. B. 
Ncilly. Mr. A. A. Cole exhibited 
with the aid of the lantern a set of 
pictures from his unique 1 collection of 
views of the camp. A more graphic 
method af showing the occurence of 
the narrow rich vetns in the various 
formations it would have been im¬ 
possible to obtain. Equally lucid was 
his exposition of the slides. 

The paper of Mr. Reid lias been 
noticed in another column. The 
chairman (Mr. E. V. Neeiands)- called 
the meeting together with a few 
words of welcome to the visitors said 
that if the eminent soientists who 
were with them today would not only 
tell them where the ore came from 
but where to go for more ho could 
assure them that they would forever 
after live in the memory of the mine 
managers of- the camp, (laugnter.). 

Called upon to speak for the visit¬ 
ors, Mr. Chas. McDermid, secretary of 
the Institution of Mining and Metal¬ 
lurgy, London, Eng., said that prob¬ 
ably one of the reasons he was asked 
to speak was that he had been to the 
camp five years before and was there¬ 
fore in a position to 'rhav«v i 

sons. He said he was very much im- j 
pressed with the importance of the i 
Cobalt camp, not only to Canada, | 

but to the whole world. 

'What I 

- I 

Isvmh ‘ t) 13 - 


have seen today,” said Mr. McDermid 
‘‘has absolutely astounded me.” lie! 
added laughingly that when the veins j 
of the camp are nearing their end— 
which will not be in this century or 
the next—(laughter) they might; 
change Cobalt into a pleasure resort 
for Europeans to visit. 

Called upon as the representatives U. v 
Ireland, Mr. G. A. J. Cole, director 
of the Geological Survey of Ireland, 
said that he was hardly competent to 
speak to the question since in Ireland 
his department had little ta do with 
economic geology. But he could ap¬ 
preciate the important position the 
economic geologists did occupy in 
building up camps, towns and provin¬ 
ces even. He had a good word to 
say for Ireland. As an agricultural 
country it was ring-ulurU prosperous; 
In Ireland the housing problem had 
been solved for houses* had been built 
for the peasant and he was now an 
independent landowner on a small 

To-day before the Steamer Silver- 
land leaves for the Wright mine down 
Lake Timiskaming a number of mem¬ 
bers of the party will visit mines 
that they had no time to see yester¬ 

Under the general leadership of Dr. 
Miller with the very able assistance 
of Mr. R. W. Rogers, secretary, all 
the arrangements have gone quite 

The C.'P-R. conductor of the special 
train among his accomplishments, 
numbers that of an expert player onj 
the bagpipes and the swelling notes J 
of the pipes drew the last stragglers: 
to the reception at the Masonic Hall, j 
the conductor playing the part of 
the Pied Piper for the nonce. 

Important Work Issued in Con¬ 
nection With Congress 


Mr. G. G. S. Lindsey, K.C., of This 
City, Chairman of the Committee— 
Co-operation of All Countries Se¬ 
cured in the Production. 

For some years the attention not 
only of geologists and mine-owners, 
but also of the general public, has 
been directed to the question of the 
coal reserves of the world. The very 
large increase in the consumption of 
coal in recent years makes this ques¬ 
tion of the world's supply of great 
importance to almost every country. 
The Eleventh International Geologi¬ 
cal Congress dealt with the iron ore 
reserves of the world, calling atten¬ 
tion to the fact that, along with coal, 
the iron ore supply is one of the most 
Important factors in industrial de¬ 
velopment, and to the radical import¬ 
ance of the relations between supply 
and demand in these materials to the 
industry of the future. The Swedish 
Congress published a monograph of 
two quarto volumes and one of maps. 

The twelfth session of the Inter¬ 
national Geological Congress, to be 
held in Toronto, therefore, decided to 
make coal the chief subject for dis¬ 
cussion at that session. In order tc 
obtain a sure basis for the discussion 
and to secure a profitable result the 
co-operation of colleagues in every 
country has been received, so that 
statistics of the amount and distri¬ 
bution of the world's supply of coal 
should be available. 

Early in 1911 a committee was ap¬ 
pointed by the Executive to apply to 
the Governments of all countries to 
information and to publish a mifho 
graph on the coal resources ofy the 
world, of which committee Mr. G. G. S. I 
Lindsey, B.A., K.C., is Chairman. The 
other members are:—- 

Frank D. Adams, D.Sc., F.R.S., 
Dean of the faculty of applied science 
and Logan professor of geology, Mc¬ 
Gill University, Montreal, Canada. 

R. W. Brock, M.A., F.R.S.C., di¬ 
rector of the geological survey ot 

D. B. Dowling, B.A.Sc., F.R.S.C., 
geologist geological survey, Ottawa, 

James McEvoy, B.A.Sc., mining 
engineer and geologist. 

J. B. Porter, Ph.D., D.Sc., professor 
of mining engineering, McGill Univer¬ 
sity. Montreal. 

Charles Fargie, M.E., Montreal. 


2iD* iai^. 

New Classllleation. 

The initial difficulty was to find a 
universal classification of coals ac¬ 
ceptable to the world at large, but so 
successfully was this accomplished 
that only one country raised any ques¬ 
tion as to its sufficiency. This en¬ 
tirely new classification will hence¬ 
forth require all coals to be standard¬ 
ized according to it. 

The work, which has been edited' 
by D. B. Dowling, William Mclnnes, 
B.A.. F.R.S.C., geological survey, 

Ottawa, and William W. Leach, B.A. 
Sc., geologist geological survey, Ot¬ 
tawa. is now ready. It consists of 
three large auarto volumes of letter 
Dress, making fourteen hundred 
pages and a volume of seventy maps 
in colors. 

Each country of the world seleci- 
ed its leading authorities, usually ex¬ 
perts connected with the official Gov¬ 
ernment Geological Surveys or De¬ 
partments of Mines, to secure mater¬ 
ial for and write its chapter. In 
many cases new investigations in the 
field were necessary, unpublished 
material was drawn upon, and old 
work revised and brought up to date. 
The result is a most complete and 
authoritative statement of the coal 
resources of the globe. Not only is 
the quantity of coal discussed, but 
also the amount of each kind, its 
mode and conditions of occurrence in 
each country and in each State. Even 
the Arctic and Antarctic regions are. 
covered. Fifty-two countries have 
articles of length, fifteen are covered 
by short articles, nine report no re¬ 
sources of coal, twenty-five colonies 
are included in the reports of the 
mother lands. A chapter of about one 
hundred pages summarizes the in¬ 
dividual statements and totals the re¬ 
sources of the world. 

The work is well illustrated with 
figures, maps, etc., but in addition to 
these text illustrations there is the 
atlas of maps in color showing the 
distribution of the coal areas and the 
geology of the more important fields. 



Visiting Geologists Quite Interested in 
Old Wright Property 


Reduced by about a dozen o; theirtbo property. It is marked on old) 
number A 3 excursion of the Inter- voyageur maps as tbs Anse a la mine ( 
national Geological Congress spent a and appears to have been known when I 
very pleasant day on Lake Timiska- Lake Timiiskaimiing was an almost 
ming from Martineau Bay to the unknown water route on the way to, 
old 'wri'g-ht mine. The steamer Silver- Abitibi and Hudsons Bay, A glance 
land had been chartered for the at the exposure of argentiferous ga- 
party Conductor Ferguson, a veter- lena right at the waters edge makes 
an of the South African war again it plain why it was so early discov-! 
piped the straggling column of the ‘-ml. The first voyageurs and Jesuits 
geologists from the station at Hail-in the country would hear of it. A 
eybury to the boat. On the boat Boston company last worked it and 
whenever there was a favorable op-there there is a sha,t down to the 
portunity the pipes skirled and there 200 foot level. A small concentrating 
was a distinct Scotch flavor to the pla;nt was installed and a eonsider- 
proceedings. able quantity of ore treated and the 

The boat first touched at the old lake s p ore , bears witness. It was ship-j 
Ag-au-nieo mine where Ur. Milieu p e( j the, States and at that time 
showed a very interesting contact transportation charges down 

betweefe the Cobalt and the, Timiska- th, e , lake to Malta wa must have been 
ming series. The next port of call very high and probably killed the pro* 
was Martineau Bay to see the granite ' There is also a small smelting 
and the next Paradis Bay to observe plant erected. 

the quartzite. The scenery at Devils; After their success at the La Rose 
Rock was very much admired and com- at cobalt the Timmins—McMartin— 
pared with the rugged cliffs along the Dunlap syndicate took an option on 
Saguenay. the old Wright mine and' it is stui 

But undoubtedly the chief point of in their possession, though they never 
interest was the old Wright mine, al-j workei i it. 

most beyond question, the oldest pro- F ro m' a geological point of view it 
perty worked by white men in Canada, j g unique, ore body and yesterday 
or the United States. There is an Callset j aS muc h interest to the geolo- 
old stake near the mine hearing the, gi6 . ts as to the mining, men. The ore 
date 1744 and mentioning on it the ^ aai . d to run 20 to 30 ounces in sil- 
old mine as one of the, boundaries of. yer to t q e toQ an< j the mining, men 

of the party could not see why this, | 
the oldest known mine worked by 
! white men on the North American 
! continent could not be worked at a 

The weather for the trip on the 
lake was ideal. A number of Cobalt 
and Haileiybury ladies accompanied 
the party and afternoon tea was de¬ 
lightfully served on board the boat. 

Back in Haileybury most of the 
members deployed hack to their train 
while a few enthusiasts’ were enticed 
by Dr. Miller to see a rock exposure 
half wav between Cobalt and Hailey¬ 
bury. The special train left Hailey¬ 
bury last night about nine o'clock. 
The first class coach containing the- 
Kirkland Lake excursionists was pick 
v.d up at Swastika and today the 
Hollinger and the Dome will be visit¬ 
ed in the order named. It is also 
probable that a visit will be paid to 
the McEameny and the greater part 
of the time will undoubtedly be spent 
in the Pearl Lake section. 


Touring Metallurgists Tagged 
According to Nationality 



One of the Geologists Suggested That 

the Northern Town Might be 

Changed to a Pleasure Resort for 

European Visitors. 

(Special Despatch to The Globe.) 

Cobalt, July 29.—Over to Nipissing 
Hill there came yesterday M. H. Lan- 
tenois, Chief Engineer of the Depart¬ 
ment of Mines for Indo-China. The 
jourrfey, which commenced at Tonkin, 
ended yesterday on Nipissing Hill. 
This is but an indication of the inter¬ 
national nature of the Congress and 
this particular excursion. The lan¬ 
guage question has been most in¬ 
geniously solved. {Svery man is tag¬ 
ged with his own name most legibly 
written. But there also flutters at 
his buttonhole one, two or three rib¬ 
bons. If one only and red, that means 
that he talks English only, blue sig¬ 
nifies that he is a French linguist, and 
yellow that German is no mystery to 
him. With these three key languages 
everyone is getting along. Still it is 
a little difficult. 

A Dumb Explanation. 

An Italian was left at the top of the 
shaft with a Canadian geologist en¬ 
tirely innocent of everything but 
Anglo-Irish. They went through the 
mill together, the Canadian explaining 
all in dumb show. The Italian dele¬ 
gate made him his best bow at the 
end of the performance, and told the 
Canadian in rapid-fire Latin, accord¬ 
ing to a French-Canadran, that he 
was everlastingly in the debt of the 
distinguished Senor. 

There is not a Scotsman nor a real 
Irishman in the party. Mr. G. A. J. 
Cole, Director of the Geological Sur¬ 
vey of Ireland, is merely Sassenach 
improved by sojourn in Ireland. 
Yet when the versatile C.P.R. con¬ 
ductor of the special train piped the 
members to the reception tendered 
them in the Masonic Hall here there 
was loud applause from the aliens 

At last night’s reception Mr. Chas. 
McDermid. Secretary of the Institu¬ 
tion of Mining and Metallurgy, said 
he was astounded at the progress 
that had been made in the camp since 
he was there five years ago. “When 
the veins pinch out. which will not be 
in this century or the next,” he said 
jocosely, “Cobalt might be changed! 
to a pleasure resort for Europeans.” 

Mr. Fraser Reid of the Coniagas; 
told the visitors on paper that the 
mills of the camp were treating 2.00O 
tons per day and producing fourteen 
million ounces a year. 

After the reception there was a 
dance of all the nations before the 
visitors returned to their berths on 
the special train. To-day the main 
party will visit the oldest silver mine 
in Canada on Lake Timiskaming. A 
party of twelve distinguished metal¬ 
lurgists will go north to Kirkland 
Lake this afternoon, they having ex¬ 
pressed a very keen desire to see this 
new telluride camp. 

^ouuooXueuu. Tfcwouoi.. i -1 C| i S. (SlU. s&w auk- ^ajw^- 


The Twelfth International Geological Congress, which 
is to be held in Canada this year, gives promise of being 
a marked success. The governments of twenty-five dif¬ 
ferent countries have signified their intention of send¬ 
ing official delegates, and various scientific institutions 
in thirty-eight countries will be represented. The 
membership already is about 800, consisting of leading 
geologists and mining engineers of the whole civilized 

The session of the Congress will be held* in Toronto 
on August 7 to 14, inclusive, during which papers of 
great general geological interest will be read and dis-~ 

On December 2, 1910, an inaugural meeting was held 
in Toronto. It was called at the instance of the general 
secretary, R. W. Brock, acting for the government as 
the Director of the Geological Survey. At it were 
present representatives of the Institutions who had in¬ 
vited the Congress to be present in Canada and a 
small executive committee was appointed with instruc¬ 
tions to appoint such other committees as might be 
required as and when they were required. 

Committees dealing with the following subjects 
h were appointed: Organization, coal resources, editor¬ 
ials, excursions, finance, leaders of discussions, official 

The Late Sir W. E. Logan 

First Director, Geological Survey of Canada. 

cussed. The most attractive feature, however, is the 
opportunity that will be afforded to visit the leading 
mining districts and points of greatest geological in¬ 
terest in the country. To this end a great number of 
excursions have been arranged for. 

Arrangements for the Session in Canada. 

The Congress visits Canada this year on the invita¬ 
tion of the Government of Canada, transmitted through 
the foreign office and through the British Ambassador 
in Sweden. It was supported at the Stockholm session 
by Dr. W. G. Miller, for the Province of Ontario, and 
Dr. Frank Adams, who represented on this occasion 
the Government of Canada. 

invitations, patronage, publications, qualifications for 
membership, Toronto local, transportation, and a com¬ 
mittee to appoint an assistant secretary. Some of these 
committees have completed their work and have been 
dissolved, but most of these are still active and consist 
of one or two members of the Executive committee 
with in some cases other gentlemen but in each ease 
they report direct to the executive committee which 
makes itself responsible for the financial arrangements. 

Preparations were made for publication of a mono¬ 
graph on the Coal Resources of the World to consist 
of 1200 pages published in three volumes accompanied 
by an atlas of 70 maps. The work has been aceom- 

WmJaaaauA \ M $. »• IttV sV'w. cr| ^ ^4*n. 

Governments, given it a higher standing as a science, 
and rendered possible its increased economic application. 

The country entertaining the Congress is repaid in 
many ways. The excursions are participated in by the 
more eminent geologists and mining engineers of the 
world, giving them a knowledge of its resources and pos¬ 
sibilities, which they spread abroad, for they are the 
advisers of capital; the writers of text books and authori¬ 
tative articles; and the instructors in universities and 
schools. Their criticisms and suggestions based upon 
their experience with similar problems and conditions 
in other parts of the world are helpful and stimulating 
to the home geologists and mining engineers. After leav¬ 
ing any country they have learned where to obtain re¬ 
liable information concerning it and they follow its 
developments and discoveries as announced in the press 
and technical papers. 

Character of Attendance. 

Geologists from every quarter of the globe attend the 
Congress. The word “International” in the title was 
well chosen and the character of the attendance at each 
Congress has been remarkable for the number of differ¬ 
ent nationalities represented. As to the personnel of the 
members, they may be broadly classed in three divisions. 

1st. Professors and teachers from the leading colleges 
and universities as well as the technical mining schools. 

2nd. Officers of Government geological surveys or 
equivalent organizations. 

3rd. Geologists and mining engineers in private prac¬ 


The foundation of the Congress was inspired by the 
collections of geological maps and sections from various 
regions of North and South America, as well as from 
many countries of Europe which were shown at the In¬ 
ternational Exhibition in Philadelphia in 1876. The 
advantage of such comparative study so deeply im¬ 
pressed visiting geologists that at the annual meeting of 
the American Association for the Advancement of Sci¬ 
ence held in Buffalo, August, 1876, a committee was ap¬ 
pointed to arrange for an international congress of 
geologists at the 1878 Paris Exhibition. 

It is interesting to note that Dr. T. Sterry Hunt, who 
from 1847 to 1872 was chemist and mineralogist to the 
Geological Survey of Canada, was Secretary of this first 
committee—the Comite Fondateur of 1876, and at the 
first session of the Congress, held in Paris in 1878, 
Messrs. A. R. C. Selwyn, T. Sterry Hunt and Paul de 
Caze were the Canadian delegates, twenty-three coun¬ 
tries being represented. 


Europe, and they have become deeply impressed with 
the great advantages to be gained by their comparative 
study It was, moreover, evident that the bringing 
together of a still larger number of such collections 
in accordance with a previously arranged plan, could 
not fail to lead to important results for geological 
science. The International exhibition to be held at 
Paris in 1878 will furnish such an occasion, and it is 
proposed to invite to that end governmental geological 
surveys, learned societies and private individuals 
throughout the world, to gend to Paris such collections 
as will make the geological department of that exhibi¬ 
tion as complete as possible. 

“In order to take advantage of the collections which 
may thus be brought together it is moreover proposed 
to convoke an International Geological Congress,, to be 
held at Paris at some time during the Exhibition of 
1878, and to make that Congress an occasion for con¬ 
sidering many disputed problems in geology. 

The following paragraphs are from a circular sent 
out to geologists in the year 1876 by D. T. Sterry Hunt 
and associates. It presents the aims of the men who 
organized the Congress. 

“The activity which has prevailed in the study of 
geology within the past generation has given to it a 
great importance both from a scientific and an economic 
point of view, and has resulted in a large accumulation 
of facts and materials. Workers in different coun¬ 
tries have, however, pursued their labours to a great 
extent independently of each other, and have given 
their results in such ways that it is often difficult to 
co-ordinate them. Those geologists from Europe and 
America who have been at the International Exhibition 
at Philadelphia in 1876, have found there important 
collections of geological maps and sections, with rocks 
and organic remains from various regions of North and 
South America, as wel l as from many countries of 

The Late Dr. T. Sterry Hunt 
Secretary of the Committee of 1876 

“In accordance with this plan it is proposed that the 
geological department of the International Exhibition 
of 1878 shall embrace: 

“I. Collections of crystalline rocks, both crystalline 
schists and massive or eruptive rocks, including the so- 
called contact formations and the results of the local 
alteration of uncrystalline sediments by eruptive 
masses. In this connection are to be desired all ex¬ 
amples of organic remains found in crystalline rocks, 
including Eozoon and related forms. These collections 
should moreover comprehend all rare and unusual 
rocks of special lithological, mineralogieal and chemi¬ 
cal interest, examples of ore-deposits and of veinstones 
of all kinds, with their encasing rocks. As far as pos¬ 
sible these collections should be limited to specimens of 

pjmXuuuoul IZ. 

“Resolved, That a Committee of the Association be 

Honorary Vice-President •’ 

Hon. W. H. Hearst, Minister of Lands, Forests 
and Mines of Ontario 

a size convenient for examination, and be accompanied 
with sections prepared for microscopic study. In the 
arrangement of all these materials regard should be 
had to their natural associations rather than to theor¬ 
etical notions or artificial classifications, so that they 
may be studied not only petrographically hut geognos- 

“II. Collections illustrating the fauna and the flora 
of the paleozoic and more recent periods, particularly 
of such horizons as present a more critical interest to 
paleontologists from the first appearance or the dis¬ 
appearance of important groups of organic forms. It 
has appeared to the committee named below that the 
organic remains of the Cambrian, Taconic or so-called 
Primordial strata merit especial attention in this con¬ 

“These various collections should be explained as 
fully as possible by labels, catalogues, monographs and 

“III. Collections of geological maps, and also of sec¬ 
tions and models, especially such as serve to illustrate 
the laws of mountain structure. In the geological 
maps regard should be had to various questions which 
deserve the special consideration of the Congress, such 
as the scales best adapted for different purposes, the 
colours and symbols to be used, and the proper mode of 
representing superficial deposits conjointly with the 
underlying formations. A discussion of these will pre¬ 
pare the way for improved general geological maps of 
the continents. 

“In pursuance of the above plan the American Asso¬ 
ciation for the Advancement of Science during its an¬ 
nual meeting at Buffalo, under the presidence of Prof. 
William B. Rogers, unanimously adopted the following 
resolution on the 25th of August, 1876: 

appointed by the chair to consider the propriety of 
holding an International Congress of Geologists at 
Paris during the International Exhibition in 1878, for 
the purpose of getting together comparative collections, 
maps and sections, and for the settling of many obscure 
points relating to geological classification and norm n- 
elature. And that to this committee be added our 
guests, Prof. T. H. Huxley, of England; Dr. Otto Tor- 
ell, of Sweden, and Dr. E. II. von Baumhauer, of the 
Netherlands, who shall be requested to open negotia¬ 
tions in Europe looking to a full representation of 
European geologists at the proposed Congress. The 
said committee to consist of Prof. William B. Rogers, 
Messrs. James Hall. J. W. Dawson, J. S. Newberry. T. 
Sterry Hunt, C. II. Hitchcock and R. Pumpelly in be¬ 
half of the Association, with the addition of Prof. T. 
H. Huxley, Dr. Otto Torell and Dr. E. H. von Baum¬ 

“On the same day, at a meeting of the Committee, 
Prof. James Hall was elected chairman, and Dr. T. 
Sterry Hunt, secretary. It was then resolved to pre¬ 
pare the present circular, to be printed in English, 
French and German, and distributed to geologists 
throughout the world, asking their co-operation in this 
great work of an International Geological Exhibition 
and an International Geological Congress to be held at 
Paris in 1878; the precise date of the Congress to be 
subsequently fixed. 

“All those interested in this project are invited to 
communicate with any one of the following members 
of the Committee: Prof. T. JI. Huxley, London, Eng.; 
Dr. Otto Torell, Stockholm, Sweden; Dr. E. II. von 
Baumhauer, Harlem, Holland; Dr. T. Sterry Hunt, 
Boston, Mass., II. S. A.” 

Boston, Massachusetts, Sept., 1876. 

Honorary Vice-President: 

Hon. E. H. Armstrong, Commissioner of Works 
and Mines of Nova Scotia 

. t - \ Q i &. 


^v*w_ 'p'vcjje. i-a (waoIW wfo. VM j>fc|UA\^ 

faulted structure . The fossiliferous beds were here in¬ 
dustriously attacked by the European and American 
visitors. The German geologists were especially busy 
with their little hammers, as may he seen in some of 
the accompanying photographs. 

Aubrey Strahan, F.R.S. 

Director Geological Survey of Great Britain 

Dr. B. Weigand, Germany 

Professor B. Weigand, delegate of the Oberrhein- 
ischer Geologischer Verein, Stuttgart, is the eldest of 
the German visitors. ITe is an indefatigable traveller 
and is noted for his custom of choosing the longest ex¬ 
cursions. In Sweden he was one of the few who made 
the trip to Spitzbergen. This year he intends to be a 
member of the party which will go to the Yukon. 
l)r. Weigand always has been much interested in the 
study of earthquakes and was the first to systematically 
record the shocks. 

Chutario Kido 

Director of the Geological Institute South Manchuria 
Railway Company, Tokyo, Japan 

P. M. Termier 

Director Geological Survey of France 

^ 1 . hi. Termier, Director of the Geological Survey of 
b ranee, has made a special study of the changes in 
rocks brought about by mountain building forces and 
lias done much towards making clear Alpine geology 
He is a delegate of the Service de la Carte Geologique 
de la France, the Societe Francaise de Mineralogie the 
Ecole Polytechnique, Paris, and of the Association 
Anucale des Eleves de l’Ecole Nationale Superieur des 
Mines, Paris, 

Faulted conglomerate bed, Levis, Quebec 

Burling, L. D., Geological Survey of Canada, Ot¬ 

Cadell, H. M., Grange, Linlithgow, Scotland. 

Caillebotte, Jean, Paris, France. 

Carruthers, R. G., H. M. Geological Survey, 33 George 
Square. Edinburgh, Scotland. 

Clarke, John M., Dr., New York State Geological 
Survey, Albany, New York, U.S.A. 

Cole, L. H., Department of Mines, Ottawa. 

Cushing, H. P., Dr., Professor of Geology, Western 
University, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.A. 

Faribault, E. R., Geological Survey of Canada, Ot¬ 

Gardner, S. Me.. Mining Student, Mount Vernon Col¬ 
liery Co., Ltd., Glasgow, Scotland. 

Goldman, M. J., Dr., Johns Hopkins University, Bal¬ 
timore. U.S.A. 

Gurich, Georg. Dr., Professor, Lubeckertor 22, Ham¬ 
burg, Germany. 

Haniel. C. A.. Dr., Venusbergweg 8, Bonn a. Rh., 

Hartnagel, Chris., Education Building (State Mu¬ 
seum), Albany, U.S.A. 

Harvie, R., Dr., Geological Survey of Canada, Ot¬ 

Hayes, A. 0., 112 Mercer Street, Princeton, New Jer¬ 
sey, U.S.A. 

Haycock, E., Professor of Geology, Acadia College, 
Wo'lfville, Nova Scotia. 

Hobson, B., Thornton, Hallamgate Road, Sheffield, 

Holbrook, E. A., Prof., Nova Scotia Technical College, 
Department of Mining Engineering, Halifax, N.S. 

Holtedahl, Olaf, Dr., Maitre des conferences, Uni- 
versitetets mineralogiske Institut, Kristiania, Norway. 

Hore, R. E., Canadian Mining Journal. 

Howley, J. P„ Director of the Geological Survey of 
Newfoundland, St. John, Newfoundland. 

Hudson, J. G. S., Mines Branch, Department of 
Mines, Ottawa. 

Hyde, J. E., School of Mining, Kingston, Ontario. 

Jehu, J. T., Dr., The University, St. Andrews, Scot¬ 

Viewing an Exposure of Levis 

M. B. Baker, Kingston 

E. M. Kindle, Ottawa 


E. 0. Ulrich, U.S.A. 

H. P. Cushing, U.S.A. A. C, Lawson, 



fray \S - (i U 

Fossil Hunters at Montmorency 

Mile M. Termier, France ; \V. Paulcke, Germany, 
H. E. Mitscherlich, Germany 

Dr. A. C. Lawson, U.S.A. 

At the Foot of Montmorency Falls 

F. Zoude, Belgium and P. D. Quensel, Sweden 

Mitscherlich, II. E., Bergingenieur, Parkstrasse 9, 
Karlsruhe, Germany. 

Part, G. M., Trinity College, Cambridge, England. 

Paulcke, W., Dr., Professor der Geologie an der 
Grossh, Badisohen Technischen Hochschule Frider- 
iciana, Karlsruhe, Baden, Germany. 

Powers, S., Technology Chambers, Boston, Mass)., 

Pruvost, P., 159 rue Brule-Maison, Lille, France. 

Quensel, Percy D., Dr., Lecturer in Petrography, 
University of Upsala, Upsala, Sweden. 

Rathgen, Miss A., Argelanderstrasse 11. Bonn a. 
Rhein, Germany. 

Raymond, Percy, Assistant Professor of Paleontol¬ 
ogy, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A. 

Riedel, A. J., Gausstrasse 25, Braunschweig, Ger¬ 

Saint-Clivier, Hubert, Paris, France. 

At Montmorency Falls 

M. B. Baker, Kingston; Percy Raymond, Harvard, U.S.A.; 

P. Zoude, Belgium ; Theo. Denis, Quebec 

Schuchert, C., Professor of Geology, Yale University, 
New Haven, Conn, U.S.A. 

Strahan, A., Dr., 28 Jermyn Street, London, S. W., 

Stolley, E., Dr., Professor, Technische Hochschule, 
Braunsch w ei g, Germany. 

Termier, Mile M., 164 rue de Vaugirard, Paris XV., 

Termier, P. M., Directeur du Service de la Carte Geo- 
logique de France, 164 rue de Vaugirard, Paris XV., 

Tillman. N., Dr., Lennestrasse 19, Bonn a. Rhein, 

Tolmacev, I. I\, Conservateur en Chef du Museee 
Geologipue Pierre le Grand de 1,Academic Imperiale 
des Sciences, St. Petersbourg, Russia. 

Twenhofel, W. II., Dr., Lawrence. Kansas, U. S. A. 

Ulrich, E. 0., 2421 First Street, Washington, D.C., 
U S. A. 

VvCW- it. (ms. dKw. Jt ^ f 0 ^ 


The following programme is provisional and subject 
to change. The Secretary will be glad to receive sug¬ 
gestions. If requested by the Presidents or Secretaries, 
special time will be alloted for meetings during the 
Session of any of the International Committees. 

The following sections have been suggested: 

Section 1—-(a) Pre-Cambrian; (b) Economic; (c) 
Petrology, Mineralogy, etc. 

Section 2—Paleontology and Stratigraphy. 

Section 3—Glacial Geology and Physiography. 

p.m., Ladies’ Luncheon. All day, Excursion B-3, Ham¬ 

Saturday, August 9th.—9 a.m. Meeting of Council. 
10.00 a.m., General Meeting: Topic No. 7. 2.30-4 p.m., 
Section 1: Topic No. 3; Section 2: Topic No. 7 con¬ 
tinued. 4.30 p.m., A Garden Party will be given to the 
members of the Congress by Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Dun¬ 
lap. All day, Excursion B-5, Moraines north of Tor¬ 
onto. Evening, Excursions 8-6, Muskoka, and B-10, 
Madoc, leave. • 

Monday, August 11th.—9.00 a.m., Meeting of Coun¬ 
cil. 10.00 a.m.. General Meeting: Proposals and con- 

President, Twelfth Session 

Frank D. Adams, F. R.S., Dean of the Faculty of Applied Science and Logan 
Professor of Geology, McGill University 

Wednesday, August 6th.—8.00 p.m., Reunion and in¬ 
formal reception by the Toronto Local Committee. 
Costume de voyage. Convocation Hall, University of 


Thursday, August 7th.—10.00 a.m. Meeting of Council 
for organization and appointment of Bureau. 12.00 
noon, Opening General Meeting, Convocation Hall. 
3.00 p.m., General Meeting—Reports of International 
Committees of the Congress. 8.00 p.m., Popular lecture 
in Convocation Hall, University of Toronto. 

Friday, August 8th.—9.00 a.m., Meeting of Council. 
10.00 a.m., General Meeting: Topic No. 1. 2.30 p.m., 

Section 1: Topic No. 2; Section 2: Topic No. 6. 1.15 

tinuations of Reports of International Committees. 2.30 
p.m., Section 1: Topic No. 5; Section 2: Miscellaneous; 
Section 3: Miscellaneous. Evening, Reception by His 
Worship the Mayor and Aldermen of the City of Tor¬ 
onto at the City Hall. 

Tuesday, August 12th.—Excursions only.—All day, 
Excursion B-l, Niagara; B-2, Don and Scarboro; B-4, 
Credit River. 

On application being made by ten or more members, 
excursions will be arranged to any accessible point 
and leaders provided. 



'n * (*jul dW ^ / ^ 


Three members in Sweden, 1910 

Lady R. McRobert (Miss Workman), P. IX <2uensel 
and W. (t. Miller 

Japan; J. J. Sederholm, Finland; A. Strahan, England; 
and others have promised to take part in the discussion 
or to present papers. 

Topic No. 6.—To what extent was the lee Age broken 
by Interglacial Periods?—Messrs. T. W. E. David, Aus¬ 
tralia; H. L. Fairchild, U.S.A.; G. W. Lamplugh, Eng¬ 
land; W. Lozinski, Austria; A. Penck, Germany; F. P>. 
Taylor, U.S.A.; Warren Tlpharu, U.S.A.; W. Wolff, 
Germany; and others have promised to take part in the 
discussion or to present papers. 

Topic No. 7.—The Physical and Faunal Character¬ 
istics of the Paleozoic Seas, with Reference to the 
Value of the Recurrence of Seas in Establishing Geo¬ 
logical Systems.—Messrs. Chas. Barrois, France; T. C. 
Chamberlain, U.S.A.; Chas. Schuchert, U.S.A.; C. D. 
Walcott, U.S.A.; and others have promised to take part 
in the discussion or to present papers. 

Miscellaneous.—In addition to papers on the topics 
mentioned, contributions on other subjects of interest 
have been received from: Messrs. U. E. Gentil, France; 
C. N. Gould, U.S.A.; C. R. Keyes, U.S.A.; J. Samojloff, 
Russia; Bailey Willis, U.S.A.; and others. 


The Phosphate Resources of the World.—A proposal 
has been received from Prof. J. Samojloff, of Moscow, 
Russia, suggesting the world’s phosphate resources as 
a timely subject for the consideration of the Thirteenth 
International Geological Congress. 

The Fractures of the Earth’s Crust.—Regarding the 
proposal made at the Eleventh Session of the Inter¬ 
national Geological Congress by William H. Ilobbs, and 
which was referred to the Executive Committee of the 
Twelfth Session, the Executive Committee will report 
to the Council of the Congress as follows: 

“The Executive Committee regret that, owing to the 
demands made upon their time in connection with the 
preparation of the extended series of excursions ar¬ 
ranged for the Twelfth International Geological C’on- 
oress, as well as in the publication of the Monograph 
on the Coal Resources of the World, they have been un¬ 
able to undertake the preparation of an additional 
Monograph dealing with the fractures of the Earth’s 
Crust, as suggested by the Eleventh Session of the In¬ 
ternational Geological Congress. The Committee would, 

therefore, respectfully request that this task be trans¬ 
mitted to the Executive Committee of the Thirteenth 
International Geological Congress.” 

Reports of Committees. 

Reports will be presented at the Twelfth Session of 
the International Geological Congress irom the follow¬ 
ing Committees: 

1. —International Glacier Committee.—Elected in 
1894 to encourage and advance studies of the size and 
variations of glaciers. 

2. —Committee of the International Geological Map 
of Europe.—This committee since the Congress at 
Stockholm, has decided to publish a map of the world 
on a convenient scale, and to add to the number of the 
Committee by inviting representatives from non-Euro¬ 
pean countries. 

3. —Palaeontologia Universalis Committee.—An In¬ 
ternational Committee formed in 1900 to study the pro¬ 
position of Mr. Oehlert regarding the reproduction by 
photographic processes of a series of type fossils. 

4. —Spendiarow Prize Committee.—Charged with the 
award at each Session of the interest from a sum of 
4.000 roubles donated in 1897 by Mr. Spendiarow, of 
Russia, for the most important geological work on a 
subject proposed by the Committee, that has been ac¬ 
complished by an individual subsequent to the last 

5. —Stratigraphical Lexicon Committee.—Elected to 

carry out the proposal of Mr. Waagen regarding 
publication of a stratigraphical lexicon. 


Chairman, Finance Committee 

G. G. S. Lindsey, K.C. 



. 1 - 1013 . 


-B. f, 

u^Xv jjjA Wl '*• fw*. csi^ix sldx <^..(ft*s f^ys. ^) 

W. G. Miller, 

Cyril W. Knight 

Provincial Geologist of Ontario 

Assistant Provincial Geologist, Ontario 

6. —Committee on Valuation of Iron Ore Resources. 
—To carry out and complete, according to a uniform 
method, the valuation of the world’s iron ore resources, 
principally from an economic point of view. 

7. —Committee on Institute for Study of Volcanoes. 
—Elected to consider the proposal of Mr. E. Fried- 

lander, regarding the establishment of an Institute for 
the study of volcanoes. 

8.—Fossil Man Committee.—Elected to examine the 
proposal of Mr. N. 0. Holst regarding the election of 
a Committee for the study of fossil man and for pre¬ 
senting a programme at the next Congress. 



Sta lL. SifoA- l^V 

~r- i trnrflHi U The L 

The International Geological Congress.-—The mem¬ 
bers of the Congress, who will participate in the Nova I 
Scotian excursion, are expected to spend the 23rd, 

124th and 25th of July in the neighbourhood of Sydney, I 
J Glace Bay and Sydney Mines. Extensive preparations i 
are being made for the visit by the large coal and steel 
companies in this vicinity, and if the weather is pro¬ 
pitious the occasion will no doubt be a very enjoyable 
one. There is a great deal to see in Cape Breton to 
interest both the purely scientific geologist and those 
interested in industrial enterprise in other parts of 
the world. _ 

600 Eminent Scientists, From 
Places as Distant as China 
and Uruguay. 



Sir Charles Fitzpatrick Will Wel¬ 
come Delegates at Noon 

Fiv<’ of Thom to Receive Degree■ From 

(Canadian Press Despatch. I 

Montreal, July 31.—A special con¬ 
vocation of McGill University has 
been called for Saturday for the con¬ 
ferring of five honorary degrees on 
the occasion of the visit of the Con¬ 
gress Geologique Internationale. The 
delegates who are at present attend¬ 
ing the meeting of the Congress in 
Toronto will spend the week-end in 
Montreal, where they will be receiv¬ 
ed at .McGill and Laval Universities. 
In Toronto six of the visitors were 
granted the honorary degree of Doc¬ 
tor of Laws. arrangements having 
been made to prevent any conflict of 
honors between the two universities. 

Among.those to receive degrees on 
Saturday are : Dr. Helge Back- 
strom, Professor of Mineralogy and 
Petrography In the University of 
Stockholm: Dr. Alfred Bergeat, Pro¬ 
fessor of Geology in the University of 
Konigsberg; Prof. Alfred Harker. 
who represents the Royal Society and 
the 'University of Cambridge; Dr. 
James Furman Kemp. Professor of 
Geology at Columbia University; and 
Dr. Alfred Lacroix, Professor of Min¬ 
eralogy at the Paris Museum of Nat¬ 
ural History. 




MONTREAL, August 5—To-day all 
the members of the International 
Geological Congress arc hastening 
back to Toronto to be ready for the 
..pairing of the congress on Thursday 
morning. On Saturday McGill Uni 
varsity conferred Doctor of Laws be 
gives on Dr. Helge Backstrom, |>r«> 
lessor of Mineralogy and Petrogra 
phy-~«n the. UcivcrsU-y of : ;t,""kUn1 n>; 
Dr. James Furman Kemp, professor 
of Geology in Columbia University , 
prof. Alfred La Croix of the Natural 
History Museum of Paris ; Prof. 
Alfred Bergeat of the University of 
Konisberg and Prof. Alfred Harker, 
lecturer on petrology at the Univer¬ 
sity of Cambridge and fellow of the 
Royal Society. 

In the afternoon Prof. I. P- Telma- 
chov, of St. Petersburg, who had won 
distinction as an Arctic explorer 
Prof. W. Paulcke of Karlsruhe, Ger¬ 
many, noted as a mountain climber ; 
Col. H. M. Cadcll of Linlithgow, 
Scotland, and Dean Adams of McGill 
University, who were all made to go 
through the steps of the Indian war 
dance of adoption and received names 
before becoming full chiefs of the 
Oaughnawaga tribe of Indians. 

Yesterday the delegates were receiv¬ 
ed at Laval University. 

Geologers and geologesses, from 45 
fferent countries, and claiming some 
20 languages for their own, are pour¬ 
ing into Toronto for the Twelfth In¬ 
ternational Geological Congress, which 
opens at the University of Toronto to¬ 
morrow. There are nearly 600 of them, 
all told, and they know more about 
glaciers and mines and fossils than any 
other 600 people in the world. In¬ 
cluded in their ranks arethe most fam¬ 
ous and learned geologists in the world. 
Some of them are Directors of Geo¬ 
logical surveys, others are University 
professors, all are authorities on some 
branch of their subject. Now, for the 
first time since the eleventh Congress 
at Stockholm, three years ago, they are 
meeting to-gether again, to discuss the 
discoveries made since that time, and 
bring themselves thoroughly up to date. 

Cosmopolitan Gathering. 

Among the more outstanding figures 
are Dr. Emil Tretze, director of the 
Geologische Reichsantalt, Professor R. 
Zuzer, the world famous expert in 
oils, who travels all over the world 
examining oil bearing rocks, and de¬ 
ciding which of them will yield high 
grade oil. Dr. Strahan, of London, 
Kn., Director of the English geological 
survey, and an authority on glaciers, 
Proffessor John Horne, of Edinburgh, 
whose book on the Scottish High¬ 
lands is a classic, J. J. Sederholm, of 
Helsingfors, Finland, who specializes 
on archaic rocks, and who is spending 
much time among the ancient Lauren- 
tian rocks of Canada. Professor Lac- 
eroix, a French servant who went out 
to Mt. Pelee after the terrible eruption 
in 1901 which wiped out St. Pierre, 
and who subsequently explored the 
interior of Madagascar, Dr. R. Beck, 
mining expert of Freiberg, Germany, 
Professor Tcherychew, of St. Peters¬ 
burg, a former president of the con¬ 
gress, and a hot of others, equally im¬ 
portant in their own particular 
branches of geology. 

To show the cosmopolitan character 
of the congress, there are three dele¬ 
gates from Japan, one from China, one 
from Turkey, and several from Bul¬ 
garia and Roumania- 

The Learned Ladies. 

Nearly 30 ladies are coming as mem¬ 
bers of the congress- .Some of 
them have reputations as geol¬ 
ogists that many of the men 
might be proud of. Tnere is Mile. 
Elisabeth Jeremine, associate professor 
of geology in the women's college of I 
St. Petersburg, Miss F. Bascom, whoj 
occupies a like position at Bryn Mawr; 
Mrs. Raisin, of London, Eng., and sev¬ 
eral more women professors. Espec¬ 
ially notable is Lady McRobert, who 
is the daughter of the Workmans, who 
gained a reputation by their discover¬ 
ies in climbing the Himalayas and the 
Andes. Also there is Mrs. Quesnel, a 
noted zoologist, who is such a firm be¬ 
liever in hygienic principles that she 
has never been kissed. 

To look after the comfort of these 
hundreds of delegates, elaborate ar¬ 
rangements have been made by the 
local committee, and by Mr. W. S. 
Lecky of Ottawa, secretary. The mem¬ 
bers register at the West Hall in the 
main building of the University, and 
enroll for discussion groups and ex¬ 
cursions. Then they are taken in 
charge by red-coated public school 
cadets, picked from the schools of the 
city, and shown to their quartet's in 
the .University residences, which have 
been converted to their use. Each 
member is given a map of the city with 
the points of interest marked in red. 

Branch Bank For Them. 

A branch of the Royal Bank ha: 
been fited up in the West Hall to 
facilitate their financial business. 
Stenographers speaking French and 
German are provided. The ladies are 
being looked after by Mine. Hoffman, 
of Par-is, who speaks English, French, 
and German fluently. A rest room, 
T, lounges and writing tables, has 
j fitted up. Everything possible 

-_jieen done to secure the comfort 

and convenience of everybody. 

The congress opens officially to¬ 
morrow, when Sir Charles Fitzpatrick, 
representing the Duke of Connaught, 
will bid. the members welcome at noon, 
in the University Convocation Hall. 
At - o’clock in the afternoon, the con¬ 
gress will get down to business and 
start discussing the; monumental re¬ 
port on the coal supply of the world, 
which the Canadian Geological Survey, 
with the co-operation of geologists 
throughout the world, has been corn- 
idling for the past three years. The 
report fills three bulky volumes, and 
the coal deposits in all countries of 
tbe world are dealt with exhaustively. 

Their Diet. 

After to-morrow the congress will 
meet in three sections, one discussing 
Glacial Geology, another Palaeont¬ 
ology ("Fossils”), and a third Pre- 
Cambrian, Economy, and Petrology 
and Mineralogy. Six other topics be¬ 
sides coal will be discussed. They in¬ 
clude: Differentiation hu IgiiebuS 

Magmas, the Influence of Depth ou¬ 
tlie character of Metalliferous De¬ 
posits, the origin and extent of the 
Pre-Cambrian Sedimentaries, the 
Subdivisions, Correlation, and Ter¬ 
minology of the Pre-Cambrian, the; 
extent of the interruption of the Ice' Inter-Glacial I J eriods, and the 
Physical and Faunal Characteristics 
of the Palaeozoic Seas, with reference 
to the value cf the recurrence of seas 
in establishing geological systems.. 



. fe- iq s -a. 


^ w | ,lf l* 1 .*j 

3 . 

Sir Charles Fitzpatrick to 
Extend Greeting to the 
Distinguished Geologists 
From Many Countries 
Who Meet in Toronto 
This Week 

To-morrow at noon in the Convo¬ 
cation Hall of the University of 
Toronto, Sir Charles Fitzpatrick, 
Administrator and Chief Justice 
of Canada, will, on behalf of 
the Dominion Government, wel¬ 
come the delegates of the Inter¬ 
national Geological Congress who are 
meeting in the city for their twelfth 
session, the delegates to the Congress 
are a strenuous lot of people. At 
three o’clock there will be presented 
to the gathering the famous mono¬ 
graph upon the “Coal Resources of 
the World,” and the work of the 


Who will officially welcome the visiting 

Work for the Ladles. 

The ladies are very much in evi¬ 
dence at the Congress, not merely 
for the social side, but to a great ex- 

Lilt; rv umu, ~ LUX ~~ --- - - 

members will immediately commence tent in the academical sense. The 

■ -* ladies have a room beyond the East 

Hall where man will have to knock 

in earnest. 

Preparations to Entertain. 

The scene at the University pre¬ 
sages something of the activity that 
will reign within the walls when the 
delegates meet on Thursday. The 
West Hall is already seething with 
life and at the heart of it all is the 
main-spring, Mr. W. Stanley Reeky, 
the Secretary, whose remarkable ex¬ 
ecutive ability was much in evidence 
yesterday. He knows everything and 
where it is. Nearly five hundred dele¬ 
gates have been allotted to Annesley 
Hall, South Hall, the University resi¬ 
dences, Wycliffe College, Knox Col¬ 
lege, Queen’s Hall, and Queen's Hall 
Annex. As the delegates enter the 
West Hall they register their names 
and immediately a cadet boy in uni¬ 
form appears to escort the visitor to 
his place of residence. Close by are 
offices which will supply the visitor 
with any information he desires, a 
postoffice, messenger service, tele¬ 
phones stenographers who can type 
in three languages, French, German 
and English, and even a bank will 
establish a branch there, the Royal 
Bank of, Canada, with Mr. Baine in 
charge, being open for business. 

The East Hall will be the rendez -1 
cous of many for a quiet chat and 
smoke. Lounges and commodious 
chairs are scattered over the hall and 
in one corner is a display of maps 
and charts which will serve to il¬ 
lustrate the mining industries and 
mineral resources of Canada. The 
bureau is in charge of Mr. .1. Mc- 
Leich of Ottawa. A comprehensive 
display is shown here, the work being 
a co-operative one in which the Bu¬ 
reau of Mines, the Geological Sur¬ 
vey of Canada, Ontario Bureau of 
Mines, British Columbia, Quebec, 
Nova Scotia and Alberta take part. 

and inquire at the door if he may 
enter. When he is allowed he will 
find himself in a fairy bower, for the 
ladies have transformed the room 
with flowers and all the things which 
make woman’s realm charming. 
Here men will be invited to partake 
of afternoon tea. On Friday the ladies 
are giving a lunch at the Parliament 
Buildings. The Secretary of the 
Ladies’ Restaurant is able to speak in 
several languages, so that strangers 
will not feel altogether lost in a 
strange land. 


Party of Geologists 
Visits the Royal City 

Delegates to Congress Study Falaeon- 
tology of West Ontario. 

Special to The Mail and Empire. 

Guelph, Aug. 6-—Eighteen delegates 
to the International Geological Con¬ 
gress, which meets to-morrow in To 
ronto, paid Guelph a visit to-day. The 
party is studying the palaeontology of 
the Onedaga, Guelph and Hamilton 
formations in Western Ontario. The 
leader of the excursion is Dr. W. A. 
Parks, of the University of Toronto. 

During the morning they visited 
Kennedy’s Quarry and the prison farm 
quarry, did some collecting *? f - 

and studied the Niagara-Guelph tran 

sition, after which they motored back 
to the city via the Ontario Agricultu¬ 
ral College. At noon they were enter 
tained by the city at the Wellington 
Hote-1 and welcomed by the Mayor- 
The visitors left in motor cars in the 
afternoon for Hespeler and ..Galt. 

| Congress Delegates 

Will be Welcomed; 

Sir Charles Fitzpatrick to Address 
Geologists in Behalf of Government. 

Sir Charles Fitzpatrick, Adminis¬ 
trator and Chief Justice of Canada, 
will Welcome the delegates to t)he 12th 
International ' Geological Congress, 
which goes into session to-day at the 
University Convocation Hall, in be¬ 
half of the Dominion -Government. 
Acting Mayor Church will extend the 
city’s w-elcome to the congress. 

Secretary W. Stanley Lecky has-been 
•busily engaged in making prepara¬ 
tions for the event for several days, 
and at 3 o’clock this afternoon the 
work will be started in earnest with 
the presentation of the famous mono¬ 
graph on "The Coal Resources of the 

Nearly five hundred delegates have 
been allotted quarters in Ann-esley 
Hall, the university residences, Wy¬ 
cliffe College, Queen’s Hall and 
Queen's Hail Anntx. As the delegates 
enter the west hall they will register 
their names, and immediately a boy 
In uniform appears to escort the 
J/isitor to his -place of residence. Close 
[oy are offices that will supply the 
/visitor with such information he de- 
I sires, a post-office, messenger service, 
telephones, stenographers, who can 
type in three languages—English, 
French and German, and a branch 

There will be a comprehensive dis¬ 
play of the mineral products of On¬ 
tario and other provinces of Canada. 
The ladies are giving a l-un-cheon at 
the Parliament Buildings on Friday. 


International Geological Con¬ 
vention Opens Today in 
Queen’s Park. 


Object of Gathering Is to En¬ 
large Human Knowledge 
Regarding Mother Earth. 

With much shaking of hands and 
ultra-scholarly sho-p talk, the 12th In¬ 
ternational Geological Congress was 
informally -opened last night in the 
University College building, Queen’s 
Park. Over 600 members arrived in 
Toronto during the day and were di¬ 
rected to rooms where they may find 
lodging -for the next week. The con¬ 
gress will be opened officially today 
noon, when Sir Charles Fitzpatrick, 
chief justice of Canada, welcomes the 
delegates and membefs at a reception 
in convocation hall. 

’tUK(W.>|-iqi3' .. .i 

Rarely does the quiet University 
College building house such a bustle 
as was -prevalent (there yesterday. 
Even the “Lit” elections demand the 
use of only one language, but more 
than 20 are in use at this congress of 
geologists from all countries of the 
world. Twenty-three languages, to be 
exact, and that total does not include 
t-he most unintelligible of them all— 
the language of geology. French is the 
official tongue, and the letter paper of 
the congress bears its name in that 
language, but the majority of the 
business will be transacted thru the 
medium of English. 

“Mente et malleo,” which means 
“by mind and by mallet.” is the motto 
of the'congress, which aims thru meet¬ 
ings, committees, publications, excur¬ 
sions and,.- prizes to enlarge the field 
of human knowledge concerning t-he 
earth from both a scientific and com¬ 
mercial viewpoint. The last congress 
was held in Sweden in 1910, and ac¬ 
complished the preparation of an ex¬ 
haustive report on the “Iron Ore Re¬ 
sources of the World,” as well as a 
volume of papers on “Changes of Cli¬ 
mate Since the Maximum of the Last 
Period- of Glaciation.” It meets in 
Canada this year at the invitation of 
the Dominion and Ontario Govern¬ 
ments, the Canadian Mining Institute, 
and the Royal Society of Canada. 

Complete Office Staff. 

A, complete office staff from the geo¬ 
logical survey department at Ottawa, 
is established in west hall, a larg-e re- 
eeption and lecture room. R. W. 
Brock, F.R.S.C., who is general secre¬ 
tary of the congress, is In charge of 

As each member or delegate arrives 
at the headquarters he is provided 
with a badge bearing the name and a 
number, as the number of different 
nationalities represented will make it 
very hard to distinguish the visitors 
one from another. 

Following the reception at noon to¬ 
day new officers will be elected to re¬ 
place the Swedish officers appointed 
in 1910. At 3 o’clock the international 
committees will report and a po-pular 
lecture will be delivered in the even¬ 
ing in convocation hall, by M. De Mar- 
-gerie -of -Paris, on the “Geological Map 
of the World.” 

World’s Coal Resources. 

The -most important business of the 
present congress will be the discussion 
of a monograph on the coal resources 
of the -world, which has been in pre¬ 
paration for two and a half years by 
the executive committee. Information 
has been provided by government of¬ 
ficials and geological and mining en¬ 
gineers thruout the world. The mono¬ 
graph, when published, will fill three 
volumes and an atlas. 

Excursions will -be run daily to 
points near Toronto possessing espe¬ 
cial interest for geologists. Garden 
parties and luncheons will be of al¬ 
most daily occurrence, and on Monday 
evening the congress will be received 
at the city -hall by Mayor Hocken and 
the city council. 

The -congress will close on Thursday, 
Aug. 14, with a garden party, when 
the University of Toronto will act In 
-the capacity of host. This -will be pre¬ 
ceded by a special convocation, at 
which honorary degrees will be con¬ 







Toronto will be besieged with men of sci¬ 
ence from some forty-five countries to-day, 
when the International Geological Congress 
opens at Convocation Hall. The leading 
figures in the geological world will be pre¬ 
sent and the proceedings will be of su¬ 
preme importance and deep interest. The 
excursions so far have proved of the great¬ 
est value, and the party which toured ttye 
Maritime Provinces and Quebec had an en¬ 
gaging time at Levis, when a discussion ( 
took place over the anticline which was ex¬ 
amined there. So earnest was the discus¬ 
sion and so interesting thnt the guides had 
to drag the visitors away almost by force, 
and it was only when a promise was made 
that the spot would be visited again that 
the delegates would be appeased. This for¬ 
mation at Levis will no doubt crop up at 
the Congress and will be a source of much 

The following are the members of the 
Congress and the countries from which 
they come, and, with a few exceptions, they 
will all be present:— 

Anglo-Egryptian Sudan. 

G. B. Grabham. 

Argentino Republic. 

H. G. Backlund, C. A. Gallarce, D. A. 
Gallardo, E. M. Hermilte, J. Keidel, AV. 



R. A. Farquharson, Sir S. Fleming, C. F. 
Heathcote, A. G. Maitland, E. C. Playford, 

J. T. Wilson. 


T V. Danes, C. Dinner, B. Grannlg, A. 
Grund. C. Hlawatsch, V. de Lozlnskt, J. 
Niedzwiedzki. J. Oppenheimer. J. Perner, 

K. Kedlioh, E. Roiner, R. Sieger, F. Slav¬ 
ik, L. Szajuocha W. K. Telsseyre, lv. 
Zuber, M. Haltenbergcr, L. X-oczy de Locz, 
F. Schafarzik, J. Szadeczky de Szedecsue. 


G. Bontchew L. Vankow. 



M. Bodart, L. E. de Buggenoms, R. 
Cambier, J. Cornet. II. de Dorlodot, 1 . 
F. Fourmarier, H. Krusemann. L. C. A. 
•Legrand, A. Lemonnier, M. Lerlche. Si. 
Lohest, ,T. A. F. L. Morel, M. Mourlon, G. 
T. Paquet, A. Reuier, P. Zoudc. 

British Isles. 

R. ,T. Anderson. E. M. Anderson, F K. 
Armstrong, G. II. Ashwin. .1. Ashworth, 
Sir. A. F. Baker. J. BartoywW-,,^ -V 
Bather, L. L. Belinfante, W. H. Loll, M. 
Bovd-Wallis, H. L. Bowman, II. M. <-«; 
dell It. G. Carruthers, A. G. Charleton, < . 
T. Clough. G. A. .1. Cole. R. VL Coin- 
mans, Miss K. M. Crosse, AV. H. Davis, J. 
Dennison, C. H. Dinham, J Drugman. G 

L. Dunn, .T. W. Evans, Wm. G. tearn- 
sldes. C. W. Fennell, S. McC. Gardner .T. 
W G-egorv, F. W. Uarbord, A. Harker, 
T \ L. 'Henderson, Robert S. Herrles, 
Mrs R. S. Ilerries, B. Hobson, .1. Horne, 

M. Hurll, J. McG. Hurll. H. Jeans, 1 J ■ 
Jehu. Miss M. S. Johnston, G. L.-hefr, 
C. Lapworth. D. A. Louis, H. Louis, A. 
M. Luttman-Johnson, M. Maeldren H. 
Marshall, Sir II. A. Miers, R. B. Hurray, 
C MeDermid, P. McIntyre. Bedford Mc¬ 
Neill, Mrs. McNeill. T. C. Nicholas, G. M. 
Part, )l. S. Peach, Count G. N Plunkett, 
t s Pryor, Sir A. McRobert, Lady A, Me- 
Robert. Miss C. A. Raisin, F. L. C. Reed, 
S. TI. Reynolds. W. Schofield, T. E. Sib- 
lv W J. Sollas, A. Strahau, C. W. lui- 
ington. E. W. Turnbridge, S. Vivian, A. 
H AVhalley, A. H. Williams. J. M. 

, Wordie. 

j British West Africa. 

A. E. Kitson. 

British West Indies. 

J. Codinan. 

F. D. Adams, Mrs. F. D. Adams, J. A. 
Allan, C. C. Ambrey, H. M. Ami. F. Ar¬ 
nold! J. W. Astley, F. Aufhammer. 
L. W. Bailey, M. B. Baker, J. A. Ban : j 
croft, E. W. Banting. A. E. Barlow. AV. 
A Bell Leon Benoit, M. Borkowitz, W. II. 
Boyd, H. Bradley. W. Brainerd, D. A. 
Brebner, R. W. Brock, A. H. Brown, ,T. 
S. Brunton, G. L. Bufland, L. D. Bur¬ 
ling, P. Burns, A. G. Burrows. D. D. 
Cairnes, A. Camiraud, C. Camsell, I. 
Cantley. C. T. Cartwright, R. E. Cham¬ 
bers, J. Charbonuier, P. 1. Choquettci 
C. H. Clapp, J- M. Clark. A. A. Cole, 
L. H. Cole, A. P. Coleman, E. A. Collins, 
W. H. Collins, E. T. Corklll, E. Coste J. 
H. Cote, J. L. Coulson, P. Cox, J. M. 
Cruickshank, T. C. Denis, E. Deville, AV . 
J. Dick, A. Dickison, D. Bi Dowling, J. 
A. Dresser, C. AV. Drysdale, S. Dufault. 
A O. Dufresne, P. E. Ludieux, Rev. P. ! »• 
paigne. F. C. Dyer, II. V. Ellswortli. Miss 
A. Eubank, R. D. Falconer, L. It. Fari¬ 
bault, J. H. Fan 11, B. E. Fernow, W. F. 
Ferrier, Mrs. W. F. Ferrier, O. S. Fiuuie, 
T J Flynn, P. Fontanel, D. Ij. J:I. 
Forbes, F. X. Forest, J. . Eraa*r, H. , 
Frechette, A. J. Galbraith, t . GalloVdy, 
Th W. Gibson, W. L. Goodwin, J. M. 
Gordon. R. P. D. Graham, G. A. Guess, 
Mrs G. A. Guess, Abbe R. Guimont, John 
G. Gwillim,' B. Haanel. Eugene Haanel, A. 
Hardv, R. Harvie. H. E. T. Ilaultnin, 
A. M. Hay, E. Haycock, Hon. AV. H. 
Hearst, R. R. Hedley, C. H. Heys, E. A. 
Holbrook. P. E. Hopkins, C. D. Howe, 
Abbe V. A. Huard, J. E. Hyde, E. D. In¬ 
gall. G. Jarvis, W. A. Johnston, it. A. A. 
Johnston, J. Keele, Mr. Kelinady. H. L. 
Kerr. D. It. Keys, E. M. Kindle, S. F. 
Kirkpatrick, C. W. Knight, Father A. La- 
jeunesse, R. B. Lamb. H. Mortimer- 
Lamb. L. M. Lambe, W. W. Leacb. AV. 
8 Leekv, O. E. LeRoy. F. C. Loring, G. 
H Ling,' E. Lindeman, G. G. S. Lindsey, A. 
It. Macallum, W. T. MacClement, J. D. 
Mackenzie, A. S. Mackenzie, G. C. .Mac- 
keuzie, A. MacLean, A. Mailbiot. G. S. 
Malloch, G. F. Matthew. It. Mc¬ 
Connell. It G. McConnell. J. Me- 

Evov. Mrs. J. McE'oy. .REv. J. McGuire, 
W. Mclunes, D. 8. McIntosh, J. Me- 
Leisli, J..C. McLennan. J G. McMillan, 
,T P MeMurrich. W. H. McNairn, W. K. 
McNeil, Rev. II. McPherson, L. J. Morin, 
G. F. Morrisou. A. Mosco Viol, J. < ■ 
Murray, T. Mullens, W. Nicol, ,T. A. 
Nolseiix, M. Nordegg, J. Obalski, N. .1. 
Ogilvle. W. A. Parks, A. L. Parsons, ,T. 
Patterson, E. poitevin, II. M. Porteous, J. 
R Porter, M. E. Purcell, P. AV. itaeey, L. 
A. Itay. L Keinijcke. C, Reinhardt, W. F. 
Robertson. W. it. Rogers. B. Rose, J. G. 
Ross, H. V. RussCll, Hugh S. de Schrabl, 
S. J. Schofield, 0. N. Scott, Wm. Scott, 
R, F. Segswortli, C. O. Seneeal, F. It. 
Sexton, S. Smith, F. B. Smith, L. Solder, 

A. StansfieJds, J. Stansfleld, ,T. T, Stir¬ 
ling. W. .T. Sutton. .T. C. Sutherland, T. 
F. Sutherland. A. J. Tonge, Ellis Thom¬ 
son, E. W. Thomson, K. Topley. II. Tory, 
AV. B. Tyndall, J. B. Tyrrell, Mrs. J. B. 
Tyrrell, J. II. A r aliquette, H. AVaern, T. L. 
Walker, R. C. Wallace, J. C. AA T atson, E. 

B. AA'ebster, K. AVeiss, S. W. AVerner, F. 

F. AA T esbrook, J. AA T hite, M. Y. Williams, 
J. P. Williams, T. It. Williams, A. B. 
AVillmott, Miss A. E. AVIlson, M. E. Wil¬ 
son, AV. J. AVIlson. A. AV. G. AVIlson, E. 
It. Wood, W. J. AA r right. G. A. A'outig, H. 

G. Young. 


E. Maier. 

- China. 

W.. Broad. Kwong Yung Kwang, O. 


Timothy Mullens. 


O. B. Boggild, N. Madsen, K. M. Norre- 


W. F. Hume. 


M. M. Allorge, P. C. d'Almeida. C. Bar¬ 
ron, It. Bell, J. P. G. Bergeron, r. C. E. 
Bertrand, L. Bertrand, A. Bigot. A. Bri¬ 
quet, J. Caillebotte. L. Carez. Madame B. 
Cnrez, L. Cayeux, H. Saint-Cltvier. G1 Del- 
epine, A. Defline, E. Fallot. L. Fevre, L. 
E. Gentil, G. R. Goutand, A. de Gramont, 
J. Hermann, A. Hermann, JI. Kilinn. A. 
Lacroix, Mme. A. Lacroix, I’. Lemoinc. P. 
C. Lory. M. Lyon, E. de Margerie, Mme. 

E. de Margerie, L. Meimier, L. Mlchalon, 
II. Montaudon. P. Nicou, R. Nickles, D: 
Oehlert, A. Offret, H. de Peyerimhoff. P. 
Pruvost. L. Raveneau, A. Riche, C. ltod- 
rlgues-Ely. P. M. Termier, .Mile. M. M. 
Termler, A. Thevenin. M. Saugrain. 


L. von Ammon. K. Audree. H. Arlt. H. 
Arndt. P. Bamberg. It. Bartling. R. Beck. 
M. Belowsky, E. AA r . Benecke, A, Bergeat. 
W. A. Bergt, K. Boden, H- E. 
Boeke, II. E. Boeker, I’• Brmli. A. 
Dannenberg, P. Dleust, K. L. Dltt- 
man, E. Esch, H. Fischer, C. Gaebert, 
Frau C. Gaebert. B. Gossner. A. Greim, F. 
von Grote, G. Guricb, H. Ilamm, A. C. 
Haniel, F. Heimbrodt, F. Heise_. (t. Holste. 

F. lmholf, E. Kayser, G. Klemm, I. 
Klockmann, J. Koenig.sberger P. G- 
Krause, P. J. Kruseh, P. Kukuk. II. Lach- 
•mann; It:- Lepsius, H. Lots. H. F. P. 
Luck. A. Macco, S. G. Martius, G. Merz- 
bacher. It. Michael. L. Milch. H. E. Mitsch- 
erlich, II. Mueller. K. O. Oeboke, AV. Paulcke; 
A. Penck. K. Pletzsch, F. Plieninger, J. I. 
Pompeckj, Frl. A. Rathgen, A. J. Riedel. 
C. H. F. Itosenbusch, A. Rothpletz, It. 
Scheibe. A. Schenek, AV. Schilling, E. 
Schnass, II. C. F. Schulze, H. H. von 
Scotti. AV. von Seidlitz, G. Seligmann, M. 
Semper, G. Steiumann, H. Stilie, E. Stol- 
ley, O. Stutzer, N. Tiimann, C. Uhlig, O. 
Vorwerg, J. Walther, M. AVeber, M. AVeg, 
I!. AA’cigand, E. Weise, O. A. Welter, E. 
A. AVepfer, O. Wickens, T. F. AV. AVolff, 
1,. AVolff, J. Wysogorski, E. Zimmerman. 


C. A. Ktenas, P. Negris. T. Skoufos. 

G. N. Morang. 

Hawaiian Islands. 

C. H. Hitchcock. 


L. L. Ferrnor, Sir Thomas Holland, E. 
W. Vredenburg. 


J. Deprat, H. Lantenols. 


L. Baldacel, R. W. Brock. G. Capellini, 
S. Cerulli-Irelli. C. Crema, G. Dainelli, II. 
Dervieux, 1. Friedlaender. A. Grimaldi, 1’. 
Marengo, 10. Mattirolo, It. Meli, G. Mer- 
ciai. A'. Novarese, G. Angelis d'Ossat, A. 
Pelloux, G. Platania. A. Portis. P. Vin- 
a-ssa de Regny, F. Sacco. E. Sanna, C. 
Segre. C. de Stefani. C. AVright. 


T. Iliki. Ichikawa. R. Katayama, M. 
Inoiiy^, Jt.. Yabe-. S.. Kozu. 


C. Kido 


E. Agermaun. C. Burckhardt, C. Castro 
F. Flores, H. AA'. Hixon, II. Larlos, E. Or¬ 
donez. T. Paredes. It. M. Raymond, AV. 
E. Simpson, F. Urbina. 

| Netherlands. 

E. C. Abeudauon, C. Godfrey, A. Grut 
terink, G. A. H. Molengraaff, A. Stoop. 

Netherlands India. 

P. F. Hubrecht. 


J. P. Howley. 

New Zealand. 

»T.'M. Bell, P. Marshall, R. Speight. 

O. Andersen, S. Foslie, Q. Iloltedahl. 

C. I. Lisson. 

Philippine Islands. 

F. A. Dalburg. 


A. Ferraz de Carvalho, F. F. Roquette. 

L. Mrazec, G. Murgoei. 


A. ATexlbn, AVI Arbfiinow, C. Bogdano- 
vitch, N. N. Bogolubow, A. Borissiak, T. 
Fegroeus, A. S. Guiusberg, Mile E. Jere- 
mine.- N. Karakasch, B. Karandeuff, F. 
Loewison-Lessing, W. Loewison-Lessing, r 

L. I. Lontouguihe M. Luboschinsky, J. 
Makerov. W. Obroutcheff, A. P. Pavlow, 
A. W. Pavlow, P. P. Platnisky, N. Po- 

.grebov, P. Pravoslaveff, A. lliabinine. D. 1 
'Rudnev. J. W. Smnojloff, W. Smirnoff. P. 
Soustchinsky, r. Stepanow, M. Stratano- 
vitch. I. N. Strigeoff, M. Tchernichew, I. 
I’. Tolmantchew, AV. A'emadskv, C. A r is- 



P. Fabrega. A. Marin y Bertran de Lis, 

E. Dupuy de Lome, D. L. de Adaro 
y Magro. 


II. Baekstrora, L. E. T. Dahlblom. E. W. 
Dahlgren, Baron G. de Geer, P. Geijer, A. 
Haddiiig, A. G. Hogbom. N. O. Holst, K. | 

F. Johansson, P. D. Quensel, Mrs. P. D. 
Quensel, H. S. A. Sjogren, C. J. F. Skotts-j 

berg, ,T. M. Sobral, A. H. Westergard, 

A. AVllbraham. 


H. Brockmaun-Jeroseb, C. L. Dupare, T. 
Fruh, II. Grubenman, H. L. Rollier, H. 
Schardt. C. Schmidt. 


P. AVeiss 

L. Domiuian. 

Union of South Africa. 

A. L. Hall, E. T. Mellor, S. Nettleton, B. 
K. Schoch, U. W. Smyth, R. S. G. Stokes. 

The United States. 

It. C. Allan, O. Anderson, M. Arctowski, 
W. AV. Atwood, H. F. Bain, F. L. Barker, 

J. Barrell, AV. L. Barrows, Miss F. Bas- 
com, AA'm. D. Bayley, G. F. Becker, Ch. P. 
Berkey, S. W. Beyer, AV. H. Bixby, D. 
Bodiue, N. L. Bowen, A. C. Boyle, J. C. 
Brauner,’ A. H. Brooks, S. C. Browne, H. 

G. Bryant, W. H. Bucher, H. Buehler, L. 
C. Butler, M. It. Campbell, G. L. Cannon, 
E. C. Case, Mrs. E. C. Case, T. C. Cham¬ 
berlin, H. M. Chance, R. H. Chapman, F. 

G. Clapp, AV. B. Clark, J. M. Clarke, Mrs. 

J. M. Clarke, H. F. Clelaud, F. L. Clerc, 
C. It. Corning, A. R. Crook, AV. O. Crosby, 
AV. Cross, II. P. Cushing, A. Day, R. A. 
Daly, J. Daniels, AA r . M. Davis, A. L. Day, 

H. C. Deming, H. M. Dibert, J. Douglas, 
E. T. Duinble, II. N. Eavenson, H. Eck- 
fcldt, B. K. Emerson, W. H. Emmons, Miss 

M. Ewald, II. L. Fairchild, N. M. Feune- 
man, C. N. Fenner, Miss E. F. Fisher, A. 

C. Gill, M. J. Goldman, Miss AV. Goldring, 

J. AV. Goldthwuit, C. E. Gordon, C. N. 
Bould, U. S. Grant, F. P. Gulliver, A. 

i Hague, Ch. Hnrtnagel, Miss L. Hatch, A. 
O. Hayes, Miss A. Heine, R. R. Hice, T. 
j McD. ill 11s, W. H. Hobbs, R. Holden, C. 

A r ey Holman, T. C. Hopkins, R. E. Hore, 

| R. F. A'an Horn, E. O. Hovey, E. Howe, 

I J. D. Ilurd, J. P. Iddings, AV. R. Ingalls, 
G. van Ingen, E. V. d’lnviiliers, J. D. Irv¬ 
ing, H. G. Ives, .T. F. B. Ivcj*-_Ji. C. 
Jacobs, G. F. Kay, A. Keith, J. F. Kemp, 
Mrs. J. F. Kefiip, Ch. Keyes, E. H. Kraus, 
II. B. Kummel, G. F. Kunz, A. C. Lane, 
Mrs. A. C. Lane, A. C. Lawson. J. II. 
Lees, II. Leighton, C. K. Leith, A. G. Leon- j 
ard, F. Leverett, W. Lindgren, S. J. Lloyd, I 
G. D. Lomlerback, A. F. Lucas, R. S. Lull, 

D. It. Maclver, M. Mansou, L. Martin, E. 

B. Matthews. AV. W. Mein, G. P. Merrill, 
B. Leltoy Miller, A. M. Miller, E. S. Moore,' 
W. Neal, R. van Asdale Norris, Miss I. H. 
Ogilvle, II. F. Osborn, L. O. Packard, S. 
Paige, C. Palache, H. B. Patton, F. B. Peck, 
It. A. F. Penrose, G. II. Perkins, P. Pfen- 
ing, O. F. Pfordte, A. H. Phillips, L. Pirs- 
son, S. Powers, L. M. Prindle, C. S. Pros¬ 
ser, \\\ F. Prouty, F. L. Ransome, P. E. I 
Raymond, II. F. Reid, AV. N. Rice, J. AV.! 
Richards, C. H. Richardson, P. E. Ray¬ 
mond, H. F. Held, H. Ries. J. G. Itother- 
mel, C. Schuchert, W. B. Scott, F. Searls&j 

Bev. J. A. Shannon. AV, H. Sherzer, AV. J. 
Sinclair. J. Slng-ewam, E. A. Smith, G. O. 
Smith w I). Smith, J. G. Smock, L. ii- 
Smyth. J.'W. Spencer, 0. K Stnnffer .T. J. 
Stevenson, It. Stevenson, H. H. Stock, ,T. 
pr sfoiior 0 Sussman, Miss M. Talbot, F. 
B' Taylor S. A. Taylor, E. Teller, K 
Thomas C F. Tolman. AA . H. Twenhofel, 
R D Tvler J. A. Udden, AV. L. Uglow. 
AV Unham, T. AV. Vaughan, S. D. Walcott, 
V T Whng. T. L. Watson. W. II. AVeed, 
C M* AVeld. E. T. Wherry, D. White. I. C. 
AVliif'e F AVlgglesworth, E. H. AVUliams, 
H S AVl liams.A. N. Winchell, N. H. AVln- 
Seii H. Ah Winchell, F. AV. de Wolf, J. E. 
AVolff -T E AVoodman, .T. B. AA oodworth. 
F. E.’ AV right, G. F. AV right. 


C. D. Lecuna. 



Charming Lady From Swe¬ 
den Laughs Over the Re¬ 
ports That She Belongs to 
the Continental Anti-kiss¬ 
ing League — Attending 
Geological Congress 



Women Geologists 

in Toronto 



A busy place was the main build¬ 
ing of University of Toronto yes¬ 
terday and one centre of activity was 
the little office adjoining the ladies’ 
reading room in the east hall, for here 
Madame Hottmann, versed in live 
languages, was busy making ready for 
the fifty ladies, from many different 
lands, who are now in the city for 
the International Geological Con¬ 
gress—not all of these are geologists 
but those who are not are at least 
Vastly interested in the Avork of their 
geologist husbands. 

Miss Anna Kathgen from Germany 
Is a geologist herself and a pupil of 
Professor Steinman; then there is 
Lady Me Robert, daughter of Dr. and 
Mrs. Workman, Madame Lacroix of 
Paris, particularly engrossed in her 
husband’s lifework, Mrs. Fermor from 
India, Miss F. Bascon, Professor or 
Geology at Bryn Mawr, and Miss 
Hatch and Miss Marina Ewald, also 
of Bryn Mawr. 

Madame Hoffmann’s desk over¬ 
flows with letters and circulars, pa¬ 
pers of pins, hand-painted place cards 
and what not and, red coated public 
school cadets dart in and out at her 
behest for many preparations must 
be made so that the visiting ladies 
will suffer no inconvenience among 
strange people and strange tongues, 
and that the entertainments planned 
may be enjoyed to the fullest extent. 

Miss Helena Coleman is Chairman 
of the local committee of ladies, 
among whom are Mrs. McEvoy, Mrs. 
J. B. Tyrrell, Mrs. Parks and Mrs. 
Frank Adams. This committee has 
sent out invitations to a luncheon for 
the ladies connected with the Con¬ 
gress, in the Speaker’s rooms at the 
Parliament Buildings on Friday at 
half-past one. Tea will also be serv¬ 
ed in the university quadrangle this 
afternoon, Saturday, Monday and 
Wednesday. On Saturday also Mr. 
and Mrs. D. A. Dunlap are giving a 
garden party in honor of the visitors. 

We had read that Dr. Quensel and 
Mrs. Quensel of the University of 
Upsala, Sweden, who are in attend¬ 
ance at the International Geological 
Congress here, were strict adherents 
to the rules of the Continental Anti- 
lcissing League, and that they had 
never kissed one another nor anyone 
else. When we asked for Mrs. 
Quensel at the University yesterday 
afternoon, and were told, ”YVhy, I 
don’t know where she is. but there 
is her husband,” we glanced about 
u.s, selected from the ’group of busy 
men a cadaverous-appearing indivi¬ 
dual who looked as though his wife 
might never kiss him, and said: 

"Ah—yes, I see—that gentleman !” 

Our feminine intuition would 
have told us instantly that he was 
the one! 

“Oh, no. no." corrected our in¬ 
formant. "The tall one.” 


He was tall, indeed, and extremely 
good-looking, and we began to disbe¬ 
lieve. When he began to speak to us, 
in delightful English, with just 
enough foreign accent to add charm, 
our doubts doubled. But when we 
had taken his advice, hied us to 
Annesley Hall and beheld Mrs. Quen¬ 
sel, we knew the story was untrue. 

“Oh, those absurd stories,” she 
laughed; “there isn’t one word of 
truth in them, not one.” 

"Blow dreadful!” we sympathized. 

“Oh, no, not dreadful,” this loveli¬ 
est lady replied, “only funny.” 

“But however did they get such a 
story?” we wondered. 

“I cannot imagine,’’ with a shake 
of the head. “It isn’t as though there 
| were one atom of truth in it. I 
haven’t even spoken to a reporter be- 
i fore, excepting one German in New 
York, to whom I said only a few 
words because I could not escape him. 
But that sort of thing—oh, it is ab¬ 
surd. Some people say, ‘Why do you 
not. deny it?’ But what is the 

use ? I say, let them have 

their fun; it really doesn’t matter.” 

AVhat Mrs. Annie T. Quensel really 
is is a very beautiful and charming 
young zoologist from the University 
of Upsala, where her husband is pro¬ 
fessor of zoology. 

“I am only here on my husband's 
account,’’ she explained. "1 just"came 
to-day, but he has been here since 
June, preparing for the Congress.” 



Toronto is honored by the presence of men 
from all parts of the. world distinguished in fields 
of geological research. The Congress which 
opens to-day will he the twelfth that has been 
organized with worldwide scope, and will further 
enlarge interest in geological research tvhile 
helping totvard the systematizing of knowledge 
already gained. It is only within recent years 
that the accumulation of geologic evidence has 
completely and in a large measure unconsciously 
changed the thought of the world. Every record 
and disclosure is now accepted in the light of 
practical speculation. Whether it be the foot¬ 
print of an extinct bird in the rock, the petrified 
remains of an insect, or the preserved vination 
of a leaf, the fact is duly accepted that these 
lived, moved, or grew, and that the conditions 
essential to their life must have existed. The 
baffling record of time is freely accepted, as are 
evidences of alternating ages of ice and of 

Each new piece of evidence helps to unlock 
Nature’s carefully-guarded secrets. With the 
great disclosures of enthusiastic research and the 
new expanse of human knoAvledge we still humbly 
recognize the fact that only the fringe has been 
touched and the chief secrets of the world are 
yet to be revealed. In that humbleness our 
scientists preserve an open mind, prepared to 
accept new evidence at all times, and to relinquish 
any conviction or theory that is out of harmony 
with later disclosures. 

The city fully appreciates the service rendered 
'he world by the men who read the record of the 
rocks. They have done and are doing much to 
enlarge the human mind, to broaden the human 
outlook, to increase human knowledge, and to 
discover means of supplying important human 

needs. Their services in the cause of human 
culture and in the supplying of material re¬ 
quisites are fittingly acknowledged by the city on 
the occasion of this Congress and by the world 
at large in an appreciative regard. 




Remarkable Scenes at Com 
gress of Geologists Last 




flon. Mr. Hearst and Presi- 
r dent Falconer Bespeak 
Ontario’s Greeting 

Toronto, the Mecca of the geolo¬ 
gists of the world in this year of 
grace, is besieged by as distinguished 
and erudite a body of men as ever 
gathered within its limits. The scene 
at the University last night, when a 
large number of the returning excur¬ 
sionists from the various geological 
tours gathered together to register, 
was unprecedented in the history of 
the institution. They are a remark¬ 
able body of men, whose presence will 
do much for Canada, and to whom no 
welcome can be too cordial. Hon. 
W. H. Hearst, Minister of Lands, 
Forests and Mines of the Province of 
Ontario, who extended welcome, struck 
a good note when he declared: “As far 
as I can give it to you, you have the 
freedom of the Province.” And he 
added, amid a burst of laughter, “if 
1 had the. vaults of the Treasury I 
would open them for you.” “I am 
sure,” said the Minister, "that if you 
enjoy yourselves as much as we wish 
you to do, you will enjoy yourselves 
to the full." President Falconer ex¬ 
pressed his delight at being able to 
welcome such a body of men to the 
University of Toronto. “We believe,” 
said the President, “that you will 
confer not only a great honor upon us, 
hut an inspiration that will extend 
far beyond this country.” 

A Cosmopolitan Company. 

Professor Coleman, the Chairman 
of the local committee, in a delight¬ 
ful little speech, asked the delegates 
to consider themselves at-home, which 
they immediately did, restraint being 
thrown to the wind. The scene in 
the East Hall where they had gath¬ 
ered became animated and interest¬ 
ing. Here were to be seen a German. 
Frenchman, Belgian and Englishman 
discussing with evident enjoyment 
their visit to Quebec. It seemed as 
if every group was speaking a differ¬ 
ent language. They attacked the bu¬ 
reau in the corner, where books, maps, 
charts and brochures pertaining to 
the mineral resources of Canada were 
laid out. with zest. The studious na- 


He is Dean of the Faculty of Applied Science and Logan Professor of 
Geology, McGill University, Montreal. 

ttire of the gathering was evidenced 
by the behavior of a few wjio, when 
they had obtained something in which 
they were interested, sat down and 
seemed utterly obliterated so far as 
the room was concerned. If a can¬ 
non had gone off it would not have 
moved these men. Others with their 
arms loaded with books set off to 
their residences early to get to the 
bottom of their treasures as quickly 
as possible. Dr. Tadasu Hilu, Profes¬ 
sor of Geology, Mineralogy- and Ore 
Deposits in the Imperial University of 

Kyoto, Japan, was delighted with mind is not much impressed with 

verything. He was almost excited 
over the display and the gathering. 
The old idea that men of science, and 
geologists in particular, become fos¬ 
silized was absolutely exploded last 
night. One could almost imagine it 

seeing large volumes lying upon a 
table accompanied by an atlas, but 
when mention is m^,da of the fact that 
ten tons of type has been used in pro¬ 
ducing the work, even the novitiate 
is interested. Orders have been re¬ 
ceived from the four ends of the world 

for the production. The editors, Wm. 
Melnnes, B.A., F.R.S.C.; D. B. Dowl¬ 
ing, B.A.Sc., F.R.S.C., and W. W. 
Leach, B.A.Sc., of the Geological Sur¬ 
vey of Canada, are to be congratulated 
upon their wonderful product. The 
work is in three languages—English, 
French and German. 

Another volume which was much 
admired was the gift of the city of 
Toronto to the delegates of the Con¬ 
gress, which takes the shape of a 
series of views and a description of 
Toronto. The cover is a work of art, 
being done in gold, green, blue and 
red. The inscription reads: “Toronto 
of t;o-day. To commemorate the 
Twelfth International Geological Con¬ 
gress, 1913, Toronto, Canada.” Photos 
of the Governor-General and the 
Mayor and Controllers of Toronto are 
shown on the first two pages. The 
views are exceptionally fine and very 

To-day’s Proceedings. 

To-day the chair will be taken at 
twelve o’clock by Sir Charles Fitz¬ 
patrick, who will deliver an address of 
welcome to the delegates. The wel¬ 
come on behalf of the Dominion will 
be given by Hon. G. W. Perley, Act¬ 
ing Prime Minister; on behalf of On¬ 
tario, by Hon. W. H. Hearst; on be¬ 
half' of the University of Toronto, by 
President R. A. Falconer, LL.D. Dr. 
Helges Baeckstroem, delegate of the 
Royal Swedish Government, repre¬ 
senting the Eleventh International 
Geological Congress, will transmit the 

was a. picnic, so infectious was the | 
laughter. A body of real men, hreath-1 
Ing vitality and virility, no restraint, I 
no aloofness; a real brotherhood i 

A Monumental Production. 

The three volumes and atlas upon j 
“The Coal Resources of the World,”-, 
which were exhibited in the West 
building, were the centre of admira- 1 
tion. It is a monumental work, and 
it came in for much commendation at | 
the hands of the delegates. The lay | 

affairs of the Congress to tins' ses¬ 

sion. At three o’clock a general 
meeting will be held, the topic being 
“The Coal Resources of the World.” 
To-night at 8.3 0 M. Emmanuel de 
Margerie, Anclen President de la So- 
ciete Geologique de France, will de¬ 
liver a popular lecture on “The Geo¬ 
logical Map of the World” in Con¬ 
vocation Hall. 

The authorities have published a 
splendid map of the University of To¬ 
ronto and surroundings. Every build¬ 
ing is numbered and the large black 
numbers on a white background on 
the various buildings correspond with 
the numbers in the map. There will 
be no confusion or delay to dele¬ 
gates in finding where various topics 
are being discussed during the Con¬ 
To-morrow the Toronto Ladies 
Committee will tender a luncheon to 
the visiting ladies in the Speaker s 
chambers, West wing of the Parlia¬ 
ment buildings, No. 28. 

Delegates Visited Guelph. 

Eighteen delegates to the Con¬ 
gress visited Guelph yesterday. fihe 
party are studying what is designat¬ 
ed in their program as “the palaeon- 
tology” of the Onondaga., Guelph and 
Hamilton formations. The leader of 
the excursion was Dr. W. A. Parks 
of the University of Toronto. Dur¬ 
ing the morning they visited Kenne¬ 
dy’s quarry and the prison tarm, 
did some collecting of fossils and 
studied the Niagara-Guelph transi¬ 
tion, after whlcl* they motored back 
to the city via the Ontario Agricul; 
tural College. At noon they were 
lunched by the city at the Wellington 
Hotel and welcomed by the Mayor on 
I behalf of the City, Dr. Parltes replying 
cordially. The visitors left in mo- 
j tor-cars in the afternoon for Hespeler 
i and Galt. 


Charge That the Classification 
as Outlined in Monograph 
is Wrong 



Six Days of Solid Work is Now 
Before the Visiting 

The International Geological Con¬ 
gress has already had Us official 
opening, first addresses and prelimin¬ 
ary discussions, and from the open¬ 
ing session to-day the distinguished 
scientists have before them six days 
of solid work. The creat monograph 
on the Coal Resources of the World, 
which was summarized yesterday af¬ 
ternoon by Mr. R. W. Brock, General 
Secretary of the Congress, has only 
offered to the assembly the material 
on which further addresses and dis¬ 
cussions will be founded. This im¬ 
portant subject, the value of which is 
patent to nations and householders 
alike, will probably occupy the great¬ 
er portion of the time of the Con- 

Will Travel 20,000 Miles. 

The European and Asiatic dele¬ 
gates are looking forward eagci y 
the Western excursions which are ro 
be conducted at the close of the - 
gress to the important geological 

fields In Alberta.and Bri , tls UU ‘”d 
bia, with tours to Mount Elias 
the Yukon, the total distance tiaveled 
to be some 20,000 miles. 

It was noticeable throughout the 

of Sciences,. Russia, asked ^ c ™; 
gress its pleasure At few clclega t es 
some demurring, a was the quantity 

contended that it ^ CQal whlc h was 

and not the qua . proceed- 

in point. Even kite ^ ed that 

ings. a French deUgare . t for 

classification of c ? d .„r^ s p( riogists 
engineers and not for geologists. 

All Wanting in Accuracy. 

Mr Gordon, however, was asked 

P^c’ar^om Neither m was oxygen f of 
classification. One by one he analysed 

c'lassificaticms^ commercial^and^ ^scien - 
tific and found them all wanting in 
accuracy. He concluded by 
out that the only way in which a 
satisfactory classification «mld be 
found was by.the use of the miscro 
scope, the petrological formation be¬ 
ing of more value in this respect tha 

chemical analysis. npfline 

He was followed by M. A. Defune, 
of Paris and Herr Dr. J. P. Rrusch, 
of Berlin, who spoke on the lesources 
in France and Germany respedlively 
the latter reading a paper by 
Boker, who has been unable to at 

tend. . 

African Coal Fields. 

Short speeches were also made by I 
Dr J. W. Evans and Mr. A. S. Kit- 
son on the African coal fields, par- 
ticularly in Nyassa and Southern Ni¬ 
geria. The letter also spoke on the , 
brown coal resources of \ 
Australia, the greatest in the worifl, 
which had not been fully mentioned 
in the monograph. In one part ofic- 
tnria there is a seam of this lignite, 
888 feet thick in strata, of altogether 

1, At Hie evening session, M. Emanuel 
de Margerie, past president of the 
Geological Society of France, ad¬ 
dressed the meeting in Convocation 
Hall on the plotting of a geological 
showing water and land on Mercators 
So™ Sot favor the “mondial” map 
showing water and land on Mercatoi 
projection, which militates against a 
true conception of land areas. On 
the other hand a projection of each 
continent is the best map for geo¬ 
logical purposes, as there is no neces 
sity of showing the oceans. 

v Plotting Maps. 

The speaker suggested that the 
work of plotting maps, adopted in the 
case of North America by the United 
States Survey, acting in C0 " JUI !Y 
with Canada and Mexico, should be 
entrusted to various nations. boutn 
America might be mapped by a Ger- 

A Morning With the Geologists 

Then Opinions of Canada — Think Canadian Women Charming 

and Hospitable 

What shall I say ? Who shall I ask made his " f e r athcr 

for?” These were the thoughts that ^hile^ attire and gesticulating wild- 
kept running through my head as I u-1—makng great efforts to have his 
walked with hesitating steps towards trunk brought up to bis room. 1 wa ® 

™ *~ *»“ z 1. ~ S' 

very first attempt at reporting or in- nass 

terviewing of any kind and I was just 
a little timid—in fact so timid that 
I walked right by Annesley Hall, 
where I was told the ladies of the 
convention were staying, casting 
furtive glances “doorward.” However, 
by the time I had reached Queen’s 
Hall I had summoned all my 
courage together and walked boldly 
up to the door. On the verandah I 
saw a lady Intent on perusing a 
Baedeker and I immediately side 
stepped and put forth my question, 
“Are you a geologist?” She smiled 
sweetly and shook her head. “No, I 
am just the wife of a geologist.” I 
knew right away that I was gomg 
to like this lady so I calmly pulled 
up a rocking-chair and sat down. 
After explaining the nature of my 
little visit and assuring Mrs. Charle- 
ton, for I found later that I had been 
talking to the wife of that eminent 
geologist Mr. Charleton, of London, 
England, that I only wanted ner 
impressions of Canada and not the 
opinions of the geologists at large— 
we had a very interesting conversa¬ 
tion “I think,” said Mrs. Charleton, 
“the thing that impressed me most 
was the colossal greatness of Can¬ 
ada, the bigness of everything—why, 
even vour railroad engines are big. 
Then T was told of the very interest¬ 
ing trip to Cobalt and Porcupine 
and how they went down Into the 
largest gold mine in the world. And 
then there was their trip to Niagara, 
thle awe-inspiring beauty of the 
great falls far exceeded their fondest 
imaginings. I really think they en¬ 
joyed this trip the most, especially 
the ladies of the party. 

‘What do you think of the women 

it was noucuauic . 

visitors do no g . Emil Africa bv France, and Australia by 

”jo“ow"» , h‘»"a ’Ken proZli by 

pleasure. __ 

Nearly Consternation. , for visiting Delegates. 

The discussion yesterday aft VY°U 
arising from the report presen 

shoulders and disappear with it up¬ 
stairs. There were about ninety men 
living in this building—men from 
nearly every country on the globe. I 
spoke to several of them—or rather 
they came and spoke to me—and I 
found them most interesting. But I 
•remembered that my interests lay 
chiefly with the women and that I 
had come purposely to see them—so 
I tore myself away and with re¬ 
luctant feet I crossed over to the 
main building of the university. The 
campus was thronged with men and 
women going over to a meeting at 
Convocation Hall. 

At last I reached my long sought 
for goal—the women’s headquarters. 
Here I was treated very cordially 
by the most delightful little lady 
with large dark eyes and curly brown 
hair—this was none other than the 
charming Madame Hoffman—who is 
taking such an active part in the 
great convention—Madame Hoffman, 
who is the “interpretress," speaks 
seven languages, French, German, 
Spanish, Swedish, Danish and Nor¬ 
wegian. She is a Parisian by birth 
and was married at the early age 
of eighteen to Professor Bolette Hoff¬ 
man, a German. They have one child, 
a daughter of seventeen, and have 
been living in Toronto for the last 
six years. A great many of the ladies 
at the convention were friends of 
Madame Hoffman when she studied 
at the universities of Geneva and 
France, so is it any wonder that she 
is one of the busiest women at the 
convention? Other noted women 
were: Fraulein Bathgen, a geologist 
from Germany; Miss Bascam, Frau¬ 
lein Grutterink, of Rotterdam, Hol¬ 
land, a doctor of philosophy and a 
zoologist; Mrs. Quensel, a professor 
of zoology at Upsala University; 
Madame Lacraix, of Paris, and four 

tuiamb vuv - - Af r 

the monograph was opened iy • 

,1. M. Gordon, of Montreal, w ho rose 
and asked to he allowec. 
quarters of an hour to P r0 '° L d { n 

classification of coal as ou great success aim -M . T 

the monograph was entirel | r \ Adams> Miss Coleman and Mis. £ 

At this there was something 1 B. Tyrrell received the gue s, 

to consternation as can be imag among whom were only a few T 

The tea which might almost be 
called a garden party, given in the 
Quadrangle of the University 
rono yesterday afternoon for th ® 
delegates attending the 12th Inter 
national Geologists Congres all Mrs 
great success and enjoyed by all. M . 

B. 'ryrreii ~ . 

o consieriiauuu as - - - . i among whom were only a 

n a scientific c-athering. It was al- | ront / peoplei who formed the local 
ready half-past three, and the la dies committee . Tea was In a 

would be waiting as fourr o clock in large marquee which was e re ^ te “ 
the University Quadrangle to give tea % the table being Prettily 

- : 2 -- nf the arranged with pink asters and In 

charge were:— Miss Joan Arnoldi 

me university 

to the Congress. The Chairman 0 

conference M Theodosius iscn- c u ar£re were:— miss -- 

cmyschieUof the. imperial Academy 

Mar? Tyrrell’. Miss Ethelwyn Gibson, 
Miss McLennan. 

of Canada?” I asked Mrs. Charleton. women professors from Bryh Mawr, 

“’They are the best dressed women 11 in the United States. 

have seen—ydu don’t seem to have 1 The hands of the clock now pointed 

any pooT people at all—and so ; to one o'clock and as these great wo- 

energetlc. I think your delightful i men, like their less great sisters, are 

climate must have something to do j intensely human after all, and hunger 

with this.” At this juncture I was is just as real to them as it is to you 

introduced to Mr. Charleton, who, I and me I troubled them no long- 

feel sure, must have visited Ireland j er and left them to enjoy a dainly 

to perform the sacred right of kissing luncheon while I trudged to the car, 

tfm Blarney Stone. He was most i glad that I had taken my first oppor- 

complimentary in his remarks about tunlty to interview. 

the women of Canada and what ] Evelyn. 

struck him most was the great 

capability and independence of the 

Canadian woman. 

I was quite pleased with myself 
to think that I had “interviewed” 
successfully and gaily walked to 
Wycliffe Hall in pursuit of more 

Here 1 found a large register and 
upon peerng into it I discovered such 
interesting names as Mark L/uhosohin- 
sky, Moscow, Russia; and T. Hikl, 

Kiota, Japan; and incidentally saw 
T Hlki’s laundry wrapped up with a 
large pink bill on the top from Lee 
ICam Chu, and Professor Steinmann, 

Bonn, iGeirmany. This gentleman 



Uma- '2, r j- \^\%l Smsf/'j^-U'j.i^? CW^- icji* 

Scientists From Many Lands 
Raise Hats When Greeting 
Each Other 



Courteous Manners of the Old 
World Are Much in Evi¬ 
dence and Seem Novel 

What is, perhaps, the most notice¬ 
able characteristic of the European 
and South American geologists who 
are attending the twelfth annual 
congress of the international geologi¬ 
cal society at the university, when 
seen in comparison with Canadians 
and indeed all Anglo-Saxons, a com¬ 
parison which is hardly favorable to 
the latter, is their charming and 
polished politeness. Their manners 
are a revelation to the Canadian. To 
them raising the' hat is not merely 
a ceremony -to be indulged in upon 
the meeting of ladies, but a common 
form of ordinary politeness. 

Graceful Bowing. 

Two friends or acquaintances meet 
on the Varsity campus or in the 
Quadrangle at tea and each, with a 
grace and manner that is nothing 
less than astonishing to the phleg¬ 
matic Anglo-Saxon, lifts his hat and 
bows to the other with the utmost 
punctiliousness. To us, such exhibi¬ 
tions seem superficial, to them only 
the ordinary observation of polite¬ 
ness. The manner alone with which 
they raise their hats is indeed im¬ 
pressing to one unused to such a 
spectacle and, to the thoughtful who 
realize the truth in the old adage 
w’hich is the motto of a big English 
public school, “Manners maketh the 
man,” not without significance. 

Polish and Culture. 

Happening, as it does, on the heels 
of an appeal from no less a person 
than Lord Rosebery for a higher 
standard of politeness and a depreca¬ 
tion of the usual manners of a 
material age, this display of polished 
and cultured good breeding cannot 
but have a good effect on all those 
who have come in contact with the 
learned scientists. 

Even several years in this country 
have failed to affect the manners of 
M. de Champ, of the University of 
Toronto, who could be seen yester¬ 
day on the steps of Convocation Hall 
greeting and acknowledging the salu¬ 
tations of old friends and acquaint¬ 
ances by raising his hat and bowing 

to then with all the grace and em 
pressment for which his country j s 
famous. M. de Champ found many old 
friends among the delegates to the 
congress from European seats of 

Fine Collection of Men. 

The geologists are a splendid col¬ 
lection of men, and their _ oliteness 
does not consist solely of -what to 
the Anglo-Saxon seems to be its 
superficial forms. The discussions and 
debates are carried on in the most 
courteous language and terms im¬ 
aginable, no matter how opinions may 
differ or feeling run strong. Bronzed 
and clear-eyed the scientific visitors 
are representative of the best of 
their nationalities, courteous, cul¬ 
tured and healthy men, charming and 
pleasant to meet. 

Like the Doukobours. 

A curious fact about the members 
of the congress is the widespread re¬ 
gard and admiration which they have 
for the Doukobours, a communion 
inclined to be held rather lightly in 
Canada. To The News many of the 
geologists were warm in their praise 
of this strange sect and expressed 
their intention of paying them a 

‘I like them,” said one member, 
a veteran geologist from Manchester, 
Mr. John Ashworth, “And X am go¬ 
ing to make every effort to see ‘hem 
again. They are splendid people and 
such hard workers.” 



Hotv Delegates to the Congress 
Know What Tongue to Use 
in Greeting 

Much to the mystification of 
the lay visitor to the Geologists’ 
Congress, each delegate wears, at¬ 
tached to the emblem of the 
Geological Society on the lapel of 
ms coat, two or three ribbons of 
Vivid colors. These, according 
to a representative of the Swedish 
Government, are worn for the 
purpose of informing other 
delegates the language, or lan¬ 
guages, the wearer speaks, and 
not to satisfy any futurist taste 
for color members may possess. 

A red ribbon conveys the intelli¬ 
gence that the wearer speaks 
English; yellow, German; and 
blue, French. 

Hence, if a man is seen with 
all three ribbons fluttering at his 
buttonhole It means that not only 
is he a scientist of distinction 
but a linguist of no mean capabil¬ 
ity as well. . By the ribbons you 
may know just what tongue in 
Which to accost a member you 
may meet. 

Too Much for Canada to Expect 
Says Eminent Russian 


Trip From St- Petersburg to 
Quebec Only Took Nine 
Days This Time 

The greatest Russian geologist at 
the Congress is M. Theodosius Tsch- 
ernyschef, of the Imperial' Academy of 
Sciences, St. Petersburg, and Director 
of the Geological Survey, and withal 
he is genial and polite by all the tra¬ 
ditions of that nation. He is a happy- 
looking man with snow-white Im¬ 
perial and flowing hair. 

In the University Quadrangle, The. 
News found him conversing with a 
g'roup of friends, and at a favorable 
moment approached him on the subject 
of Russian immigration to Canada and 
less weighty matters. 

Speaking in French. M. Tscherny- 
sehef (pronounced Chernishef), declar¬ 
ed that this is not his first visit to 

“ 1 was here about twenty-five years 
ago,” he said, “ when I went as far 
West as Lake Superior, visiting the 
American States as well. This summer 
I am going as far as Vancouver with 
the geological excursions after the 

Not tlse Greatest. 

The Russian geologist liked Canada, 
but when The News asked him half- 
seriously whether he thought Canada 
wotild ever be the first coal-producing 
country in the world, this was more 
than the distinguished visitor expect¬ 

“Oh, no! That is too much,” he re¬ 
plied ; “ that is what you are always 
wanting to know. Quite Important, 
yes, but surely not the greatest,” and 
breaking into English, he laughed. 

“ The greatest country on earth, 
eh ? ” 

The visitor liked Quebec, especially 
its solidity, and said that Canadian 
cities must not be “ Americanized.” He 
had come to Quebec from St. Peters¬ 
burg in nine days, which was splen¬ 
did, and “with a night in London as 
well,” he added. 

More Russians Coining. 

On the subject of immigration, M- 
Tschernyschef believed that Canada 
would receive more and more Rus¬ 
sians, “ but,” he added, " you have the 
best now, the Doukhobors.” 

“And you think they are the best?” 
he was asked. 

"Certainly. They are good fellows’ 
and good workers.” 

“But will they make good citizens?”! 

’ “ I hope so. Why not ? ” was the 

I To Entertain Delegates. 

The Ladies’ Committee of the Geo¬ 
logical Society are giving a tea this 
afternoon, to-morrow afternoon and 
on Monday and Wednesday of next 
week in the University Quadrangle, to 
.which all member^ attending the Con¬ 
gress in Toronto are invited. A 
luncheon is being given to-morrow, 
and Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Dunlap give 
a garden party on Saturday. 

Congress Opens With One Thou¬ 
sand Delegates in Attend¬ 


Men of Science Ready for Week 
of Hard Work in Convo¬ 
cation Hall 

At noon to-day Sir Charles Fitz¬ 
patrick, Administrator and Chief 
Justice of Canada, formally opened 
the Twelfth International Geological 
Congress in the Convocation Hall of 
the University of Toronto, before a 
gathering of a thousand distinguished 
scientists from ail over the world. 

His Excellency delivered his ad¬ 
dress in French, with an English 
preface, saying that it was fitting the 
inaugural ■ -nch should be delivered 
in the official language of the socie¬ 
ty. “It was also the language,” said 
Sii Charles, ‘spoken by the hardy 
pioneers, the priests, warriors and 
traders who first sailed up the St. 
Lawrence, discovered the Mississippi 
and laid broad and deep the founda¬ 
tions of this great nation. It has 
made it possible that our citizens 
should bless the name of our soverign 
in the language spoken by Cartier.” 

The absence of H. R. II., the Duke 
of Connaught and the Prime Minister 
was regretted by both,” said the Ad¬ 
ministrator. Sir Charles stated that 
he had received this morning a cable 
from the Governor-General welcom¬ 
ing the Congress to Canada and ex¬ 
pressing his regret. 

Sir Charles welcomed the Congress 
and spoke of its coming as a fresh 
encouragement to science in Canada. 
He paid a tribute to the work of 
the former congresses at Washington 
and Mexico, and to the co-operation 
of the Crown Prince of Sweden. In 
Canada were ail the strata of all the 
ages, and it is fitting that Canada 
should welcome such a distinguished 

The Tic That Binds. 

Hon. Mr. Hearst, Minister of Lands, 
Forest and Mines, welcomed the Con¬ 
gress on behalf of ttje Ontario Gov¬ 
ernment. He remarked that it was an 
honor to have such a gathering of 
men from all nations but that th ; s 
honor was doubly enhanced by rhe 
fact that the visitors occupy a lead¬ 
ing place in the field of science in 
not only their own country but in 
the wide world. 

“There is nothing,” he 'declared, 
“that makes for peace as much as 
such conventions and congresses, 
where we of different nationalities 
and creeds meet in common fellow¬ 
ship and friendship. It is the forma¬ 
tion of a tie that binds.” 


W?- tk| t J.qjS 

oncludipg Mr. Hearst pointed (fcmnoheon to I 

In concluding Mr. Hearst pointed 
out that Ontario had much to iffer 
to f?6olOoists, having, as it did, u60,~ 
000 miles of Country belonging to the 
Crown thousands and thousands of 
acres of mineral lands untouched by 
the geologists. 

Civic Welcome. 

The civic welcome was extended 
by Controller Church, who in the 
name of the Mayor and the Corpora¬ 
tion of the city, presented the visit¬ 
ing scientists with the freedom of the 
city. "Toronto,” he stated, "is called j 
the convention city and indeed its! 
name derived from the Indian] 
tongue means the “Place of Meeting.” ] 
On behalf of the-city I offer you a 
right royal welcome and I hope that | 
your stay amongst us will be of the! 

most pleasant description. It is with 
unbounded pleasure that I offer you 
the freedom of the city.” 

President Falconer of the Univer¬ 
sity of Toronto, called upon by Sir 
Charles Fitzpatrick, aptly remarked 
that having heard the welcome and 
tribute given science from without it 
was his pleasure to be able to offer 
thm tribut from within, as it were. 
“Your science has ancient prestige,” 
he said. “Geologists engage in a 
ceaseless pursuit of the truth.” 

He went on to point out that the 
meeting of the Congress in Toronto 
I should not only be profitable to the 
members of the society but to the 
jeommuity in which the great Con¬ 
gress is being held. “And so we profit 
together from this scientific gather¬ 
ing,” he said. “I welcome you also as 
men of science pure and simple, in 
addition to science applied.” 

24 Countries Represented. 

Reports will be read during the 
Congress from fifty-eight different 
lands and countries in the world, from 
the bleak coasts of ice-bound of the 
northern countries to the tropical 
countries in the south. 

This fact illustrates the sources 
from which the delegates to the great 
gathering of scientists which is being 
held in Toronto have been drawn. 
Universities from every civilized and 
uncivilized portion of the globe are 
represented. More than twenty-four 
countries have official representatives 
attending the congress. And they 
come from Indo-China, from Iceland, 
from Europe, Asia, Australia, Amer¬ 
ica, South America and Africa. But 
as Frenc his the official language of 
the society, the greater part of the 
discussion is carried on in that ton¬ 

The members of the congress have 
been pouring into Toronto from all 
corners of the world ever since Mon¬ 
day. The University has been thrown 
'open to them, and they are quartered 
in the various colleges. 

It is said that if the total distance 
traveled by all o” the visiting scient¬ 
ists could be added up it would he 
greater in extent than three times the 
?ireumference of the globe. 

/ (3 l • 

The Toronto LacUfes’ Committee of 
the twelfth International Geological 
Congress entertained the delegates at 
luncheon in the Speakers’ dining¬ 
room of the Parliament Buildings at 
one o’clock to-day, when the guests 
were received by Mrs. Adams, the 
wife of the president of the society, 
Miss Coleman and Mrs. J. B. Tyrrell. 
Covers were laid for one hundred 
guests at the long table, with three 
shorter ones which formed an Efc 
The decorations were of roses and 
the name cards were very attractive, 
each having either a summer or win¬ 
ter Canadian scene painted on it. 
Mrs. Adams, in a short speech, wel¬ 
comed the delegates, Mrs. Strachan 
responding on their behalf. A few of 
the guests were:—Lady Peliatt, Lady 
Aylesworth, Mrs. Frank Arnoldi, 
Miss Arnoldi, Mrs. J. B. Tyrrell, Mrs. 
I). A. Dunlop, Mrs. Parks, Mrs. 
Adams, Mrs. London, Mrs. Arthu/r 
Meredith, Mrs. and Miss Denton, 
Mrs. Kemp, Mrs. Wilmot, Mrs. 
Strahan, Mrs. Charleton, Mrs. Quen- 
sel, Mrs. Lacroix, Mrs. Cross. Mrs. 
Ferrier, Mrs. Bedford McNeill. 



IW. "j- tCji 3 , 



Gathering Last Night Had Representa¬ 
tives From Forty-five Countries— 
’Twas Like Tower of Babel. 

The walls of ’Varsity which have 
echoed the words of languages dead 
and living for more than half a cen¬ 
tury, gave back echoes that were 
strange even to them last night. Every 
continent was represented among the 
delegates from the forty-five countries 
represented at the International Geolo¬ 
gical Congress, and it seemed as 
though every group was speaking a 
different language. Even in , the 
ladies’ reading rooom, where the fifty 
ladies attending the Congress were 
registering, Madame Hoffman, who 
was in charge, had to make use of 
five languages. 

The old idea that men of science 
must become fossilized if they would 
succeed in their pursuit of knowledge, 
received many a jolt, for the gathering 
in the East Hall looked more like a 
picnic than a gathering of sober-mind¬ 
ed students drawn from every part of 
the globe in a desire to learn or see 
some new thing. 

j Words of welcome to the visiting 
geologists were spoken by Hon. W. H. 
Hearst, Provincial Minister of Mines; 
Dr. Falconer, of the University, and 
Dr. A. P. Ooleman, chairman of the 
local committee. 

“We believe," said Dr. Falconer, 
“that you will confer not only a great 
honor upon us, but an inspiration that 
will extend far beyond this country.” 

Since arriving in Canada, the dele¬ 
gates have divided into parties to visit 
points of geological interest In this 

Minister of Lands, Forests and Mines 
of the Province of Ontario, Who Wel¬ 
comed the Geologists Last Night. 

country. One party visited the coal 
and iron deposits at Sydney, while an¬ 
other under Prof. W. G. Miller visit¬ 
ed the nickel, gold and silver deposits 
in New Ontario. Though conditions 
resembled those at the building of the 
Tower of Babel, interpreters were 
found who could speak four languages, 
one of which at least was known to 
the polyglot tongued scientists, and the 
richness of this new land was ex¬ 
plained to them in this roundabout 


About 650 delegates have already 
registered and been taken to their 
quarters by the red-coated public 
school cadets. Canada has 217 repre¬ 
sentatives at once eager to learn from 
the leaders in geology from other 
lands and to tell of the treasures to 
be found hidden in .the North Ameri¬ 
can Continent. With these may be 
joined the 203 from the United States 
and the 74 from Britain and joined in 
their common Anglo-Saxon speech. 

Nearly every country in Europe is 
represented among the 288 geologists 
who came from that continent. Greek 
Bulgarian, Roumanian and Turk, fa: 
from recent battle-fields rub should¬ 
ers in the more peaceable and profit¬ 
able pursuit of learning. Germany, 
the home of research, has 96 of her 
leading geologists at the congress, and 
France scarcely less renowned for 
scientific discovery, has 48. _ From 
Northern Europe com-e 57 scientists 
representing Denmark,' Norway, Fin¬ 
land and Sweden; and the influence 
of Britain as a colonizing nation is 
shown by the presence of representa¬ 
tives from the regenerated Soudan. 
United South Africa, India, Indo-China. 
Egypt and British West Africa. 

Dr. Tadasu Hike, professor of geol¬ 
ogy at Kyoto University, heads the de¬ 
putation from Japan, and Kwong Yung 
Kwang, with two companions, is on 
hand to tell of the geological and min¬ 
eral wealth of China. 

In spite of revolutions and rebellions 
11 geologists have escaped from Mex¬ 
ico to attend the congress, and South 
America has sent men from the Ar¬ 
gentine, Chi’i, Colombia, Guatemala, 
Peru and Venezuela. From the Anti¬ 
podes Australia has six representa¬ 
tives, and Now Zealand three. 


According to J. W. Spencer, of the 
United States delegation, the exist¬ 
ence of Atlantis, which loomed large 
in Greek and Roman mythology, is 
still 3hroudcd in gloom. There is a 
large submerged ledge in the Atlantic 
which may have been the abode of the 
blessed, hut geologists are not prepar¬ 
ed ro speak definitely on the question. 
They have no hesitation, however, in 
declaring that Lamuria really existed, 
but has been submerged in the Indian 

The orthodox can take what comfort 
they, will from the scientific statement 
that while there wrns a flood it was 
purely local, and Noah and his com¬ 
panions in the ark cannot hav« been 
the only survivors. 


Miss Anna Rathgen from Germany 
is a geologist herself and a pupil of 
Profossor Steiuman; then there is 
Lady McRobert, daughtei of Dr and 
Mrs. Workman, Madame Lacroix of 
Paris, narticularly engrossed in her 
husoand’s lifework, Mrs. Fermor from 
India, Miss F. Pa scon, professor of 
geology at Bryn Mawm, and Miss Hatch 
and Miss Marina Ewald, also of Bryn 

Miss Helena Coleman is chairman 
''Of the local committee of ladies, among ! 
w T hom are Mrs. McEvoy, Mrs. J. B. Tyr¬ 
rell, Mrs. Parks and Mrs. Frank Adams. 
This committee has sent out invita¬ 
tions to a luncheon for the ladies con¬ 
nected wdth the congress, in the Speak¬ 
er’s rooms at the Parliament buildings 
on Friday at half-past one. Tea will 
r.iso be served in the university quad¬ 
rangle this afternoon, Saturday, Mon¬ 
day and Wednesday. On Saturday also 
Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Dunlap are giving 
a garden party in honor of the visi¬ 


Eighteen delegates to the congress 
visited Guelph yesterday. The party 
are studying what is designated in 
their programme as “the palaeontol¬ 
ogy” of the Onondaga, Guelph and 
Hamilton formations. The leader of 
the excursion was Dr. W r . A. Parks, 
of the .University of Toronto. During 
the morning they visited Kennedy’s 
quarry and the prison farm, did some 
collecting of fossils and studied the 
Niagara-Guelph transition, after which 
they motored back to the city via the 
Ontario Agricultural College. ’ At noon 
they were lunched by the city at the 
Wellington Hotel and welcomed bvthe 
Mayor on behalf of the city. Dr. Parks 
replying cordially. The visitors left 
in motor cars in the afternoon for Hes- 
peler and Galt. 


1 1 . "" 1 - 

y\^JrD y U| t ft 


It seemed almost uncanny on an 
August niglit to see old grey Univer¬ 
sity College ablaze with light, But 
lest evening forth from every ivy-clad 
window of Varsity there were golden 
gleams as beacons for the strangers 
in our midst. For there the ends of 
the world had met. Inside its his¬ 
toric walls an informal reception was 
being held for the hundreds of dis¬ 
tinguished scientists who had just 
come from forty-five countries for the 
International Geological Congress in 

Geologists! Perhaps it was because 
the first one we ever knew was such 
a moth-eaten remnant of humanity 

old world scholars. And such a var¬ 
iety of tongues were there that com¬ 
parisons to the Tower of Babel were 
inevitable. Then too in the midst of 
these most primitive men, the men of 
the strong arm, were found the newest 
of the new women, the women of 
brain. No less than 50 feminine 
names are included among Toronto’s 
present visitors and among them are 
women who have done notable work 
as practical geologists! 

In the case of most of the married 
women members of the Congress 
theirs is but an honorary membership 
out of compliment to work done by 
their husbands. Lady McRoberts, a 
daughter of the famous Workmans by 
the way, however, is an exception as 
she distinguished herself by her work 
before her marriage at the Royal Col¬ 
lege of Science, London, and else¬ 
where. Madame Lacroix, of Paris, 
France, has also assisted her husband 
in his work. 

Other married women members in 
some cases have gone in for other 
sciences other than geology. ' Mrs. 
Charlton is a famous botanist, and 
Mrs. Quesnel, of Upsala, Sweden, is a 
distinguished zoologist. 

When last night we were introduced 
to the young and charming pink 
cheeked Mrs. Quesnel we stammered 
out, "Why were you not the lady a 
Monday paper said was such a stren¬ 
uous upholder of the anti-kissing cru¬ 

‘‘Oh, these fearful American pa¬ 
pers,” laughed Mrs. Quesnel, “what 
Imaginations they have got! There is 
absolutely nothing in that story. My 
husband and myself have been most 
amused at it. We are doing nothing 
these days but telling people it was 
just a foolish story.” 

Mrs. Quesnel and her husband have 
been enjoying some of the geological 
expeditions in the Maritime Provinces, 
and she declares that Canada is much 
like her native Sweden. 

Mrs. Quensel, tne noted zoologist, 
who denies story that she does not 
believe in kissing, and knows nothing 
about an antl-kissing crusade. 

that that -word did not arouse much 
enthusiasm. For truth to tell, the 
men we pictured to be gathered there 
were anything but inspiring. But it 
did not take many minutes last night 
to find how' mistaken we had been. 
Instead of the pedantic old fossils we 
had imagined, there on every side 
were splendid six-foot specimens of 
manhood, who looked fit for any work. 
Men who had seen and done things. 
Men who had penetrated the wilder¬ 
nesses of a whole world’s continents. 
Men who had browsed over books 
but long enough to be able to go forth 
and conquer old Mother Nature her¬ 

Geologists -unromantic! Why if 
there is any romance left in this prac¬ 
tical century of ours you can find it 
among those seekers of the world’s 
gold and sterner minerals. Hear them 
tell of their explorations in unknown 
mountains and valleys and they ap¬ 
pear before you veritable Captain 
Kidds of the Twentieth century! 

Bright little Doctor Alide Grutterink, 
of Rotterdam, “Privaat docente in 
, Mikrochemie” at the University of 
I Leyden, was another interesting mem- 
I ber of the Congress we saw last night. 
; Microchemistry, which is her spe- 
| cialty, is a comparatively new work. 
| The doctor studies the minerals as 
she is interested in crystals to be used 
in chemical work and toxology. 

Most interesting was her talk of the 
recent “Woman’s Exhibition” in Hol¬ 
land. There a complete review of 
what Dutch women have done in the 
last one hundred years has been plac¬ 
ed before the public in a whole exhi¬ 
bition of their own. When one thinks 
of our Woman’s Building, with its wo¬ 
man’s work displayed in the form of 
baking, preserves, sewing and fancy 
work, it almost makes Toronto seem 
back in the sixteenth century. 

Asked about woman suffrage in Hol¬ 
land, Dr. Grutterink declared it was 
but a matter of a very few years. “The 
Clericals have lost at the recent elec¬ 
tions and the Liberals promise it to 
us,” said she, “though we will not fol¬ 
low the militant example of the Eng¬ 
lish women to get it." 

Last evening was a night of con¬ 
trasts. While the men of action were 
there you could also see the typical 

Still another interesting feminine 
figure is Fraulein A. Rathgen, a stu¬ 
dent of Bonn University, who bears 
the distinction of being the only Ger¬ 
man woman representative at the Con¬ 
gress. Fraulein Rathgen, though the 
only woman student in geology at her 
university, is a dauntless little lady. 
She has done work in the mountains 
of France, Germany, Switzerland, 

Austria, Greece,-has explored Egypt, is 
now on her way to the Rockies, from 
thence to the United States peaks and 
Central America. 

In the face of all this she actually 
pleaded not to be mentioned. “I am 
nothing; I have done nothing,” quoth 
she. Truly there was modesty indeed. 
It is evident Germany does not be¬ 
lieve in puffing up its scholars. 

We had but a few moments with 
Miss Florence Bascom, geological 
professor at Bryn Mawr. We had 
been told that Miss Bascom had done 
some notable work, particularly with 
the microscope. Recently she has 
been on a U. S. Government geological 
survey in Pennsylvania. Her pupil, 
Miss Ida H. Ogilvie, assistant profes¬ 
sor of geology at Barnard College, 
New York, is also attending the Con¬ 
gress, as is also Miss Marina Ewald 
from Bryn Mawr. The famous Mount 
Holyoke College, Massachusetts, has 
also sent its geological professor in 
five-foot Miss Talbot. 

The famous Bedford College of Eng¬ 
land is represented by clever Miss C. 
A. Raisin, who tells of the interest 
shown by Queen Mary at her geologi¬ 
cal class when her Majesty paid 
her recent visit to that institu¬ 
tion. From far-off India, with her 
husband, has come Mrs. Fernow and 
Miss Elizabeth Jeremine, geological 
professor at the Woman’s College at 
St. Petersburg, is among the delegates 
yet to arrive. , 

Many of the women delegates are 
quartered at Annesley Hall with 
gracious Miss Addison as hostess, 
while Miss Helena Coleman is head of 
the ladies’ committee. The local com¬ 
mittee of ladies, among whom are Mrs. 
McEvoy. Mrs. J. B. Tyrrell, Mrs. Parks 
and Mrs. Frank Adams. This committee 
has sent out invitations to a luncheon 

Fraulein A. Rathgen, of Bonn Uni¬ 
versity, Germany’s only feminine re¬ 
presentative at Congress. 

for the ladies connected with the Con¬ 
gress, in the Speaker’s, rooms at the 
Parliament Buildings on Friday at half¬ 
past one,- Tea will also be served in the 
university quadrangle this afternoon, 
Saturday, Monday and Wednesday. On 
Saturday also Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Dun¬ 
lap are giving a garden party in honor 
of the visitors. 

But a small host in herself is 
Madame Hoffmann, the piquant little 
Parisienne, to whom seven languages 
is as nothing. The lady is installed in 
the east hall of the University and wel¬ 
comes the feminine visitors in their 
own tongue as they register. 


Among the Geologists 

Prof. G. F. Kay, Professor of Geol¬ 
ogy, University of Iowa and State Ge¬ 
ologist, who is a graduate of Toronto 
University, outlined some of the work 
before the congress to The Telegram. 
Four of the divisions which will be 
taken up are glacial, economic, strati¬ 
graphic and paleontogical geology. 
The first has reference to the surface 
formations of the earth, the second to 
the ore deposits, the third to the for¬ 
mation of rocks, and the fourth to 
fossils. The various hill formations, 
north of Toronto, and as a matter of 
fact, the entire formation of the coun¬ 
try, will be taken up by the men more 
especially interested in the glacial 


Mr. Charles M. Gould, State Geolo¬ 
gist, Oklahoma, makes a specialty of 
coal and oil deposits in his state. 

“What do you think?” he was asked, 
“of the possibilities of finding such de¬ 
posits in Ontario’” 

“Well,” he said, “it is known that 
between Detroit and Buffalo on the 
north side of Lake Erie, there have 
been deposits of oil and gas.” 

“Do you think that in Ontario we 
have touched all our resources?” 

“Oh,’ he said, holding up his right 
hand as if to deprecate such a ques¬ 
tion, “you have been merely scratching 
the surface. It is not the business of 
the geologist to prophesy, but I dare 
say that within a hundred years your 
mineral resources will be quadrupled. 
But you have certainly a country rich 
in national resources. Your metallifer¬ 
ous resources are no doubt abundant.” 

Reverting to his home state, Okla¬ 
homa, Mr. Gould stated that the geolo¬ 
gists had estimated the supply of coal 
there to be somewhere betw r een 50 and 
75 billion tons- 


“What do you think of the topagra- 
phical formation of Ontario?” was ask¬ 
ed of Professor Cambrien of Paris. 

“It offers abundant opportunity for 
geological study,” he said. “To trace 
the history of some of these formations 
would be most interesting.” 

“Should the Government, in your 
opinion, encourage the study of geolo¬ 
gical science in Ontario?” 


“From what I have seen I think the 
science has not been neglected here. 
There is one thing that strikes me 
about the American and Canadian busi¬ 
ness men, that is their realization of 
the value of geology. Instead of squan¬ 
dering thousands of dollars in guessing 
as to the whereabouts of mineral de¬ 
posits and such things, they see the 
wisdom of having the work done scienti¬ 

This made an American delegate 
prick up his ears. 

“Our Government could have saved 
$100,000 when they started work on 
the Panama,” he said, “had they sent 
a geologist down there for six months 
or a year at a cost of less than $5,000, 
to obtain necessary information be¬ 
fore they started cutting.” 


“Are geologists well paid?” was the 
blunt question put to a delegate. 

“In colleges,” he replied, “geologists 
would probably get from $2,000 to $2,; 
500 per year. Whereas if they get out 
into the field with a mining company 
they might make $3,000 to $4,000. The 
average is somewhere between $2,000 
and $4,000.” 

With that the American lighted a 
25-cent cigar and sauntered off to talk 
to a German colleague, smoking a 
cheroot, which from the perfume, was 
no doubt a product of the paleolithic 
age. vttHHHH 

\ Baggage waggons In front of University. Many specimens for talks and lectures are contained in these boxes. 

- - - -----——- iU -•' - _ _ _ 



Sir Charles Fitzpatrick Chose 
French Out of Twenty-five 
Tongues in Which to Talk. 


But French Is Lauded by Rt. Hon. 
Sir Charles Fitzpatrick as the 
Language of the “Pioneers 
Who Laid the Founda¬ 
tions of This Great 

Convocation Hall presented a scene 
of brightness and animation at noon 
to-day, when the great Geological 
Congress was officially opened. 

“When first asked to come to wel¬ 
come you to Canada,” said Rt. Hon. 
Sir Charles Fitzpatrick, “I was temp¬ 
ted to address my welcome to you in 
the English language, but on learning 
that there are no fewer than twenty- 
five languages spoken at this con¬ 
gress, I decided to speak the words of 
welcome in the official language— 
French—the language spoken by the 
pioneers who laid the foundations of 
this great country. It is a great tri¬ 
bute to the wisdom and liberality of 
the British Constitution that it is 
made possible to bless the name of 
our Sovereign in the language spoken 
by Champlain and Cartier.” 

Sir Charles then proceeded to read 
his address of welcome in French. 
He conveyed the regrets of H.R.H. the 
Duke of Connaught that the Governor- 
General was unable to welcome the 
Congress in person. Premier Borden 
also sent hjs regrets. 


On behalf of the people of Ontario, 
Hon. W. H. Hearst, Minister of Mines 
and Lands, extended a warm welcome 
to the visitors. 

“ We hear much about peace cele¬ 
brations in the world,” he said, “ but 
to my mind nothing makes so much 
for the peace and advancement of 
mankind as does a meeting of this 

He welcomed these scientists, who 
represented so many countries, and 
hoped they would appreciate, as he 
felt they would, the 400,000 square 
miles of Ontario, so rich in mineral 

“ Millions of those acres have never 
been mapped by geologists, millions 
never visited by geologists. 

“ The province is yours." 


Acting Mayor Church received an 
ovation of hand clapping when he came 
forward to welcome the delegates on 
behalf of the City of Toronto, 

"It is an honor to have so many men 
of great learning in our midst,” said 
the Controller. 

He turned the keys of the city over 
to the Congress. 


Wearing his purple gown and scarlet 
hood, President Falconer, of Toronto 
University, extended a welcome to Con¬ 
gress on behalf of the university. 

“Your science is indeed of ancient 
prestige.” he said. "Thousands of 
years ago a Hebrew prophet, whose 
words are recorded in the Bible, spoke 
of mines for silver, a place to refine it, 
of stone and of brass. 

In coming to Toronto University .they 
came to the “hearth and home” of 
learning, where science is nurtured. 

“In your movements,” went on Pres¬ 
ident Falconer, with a smile, “while 
you are here, not only will you teach 
.Canadian geologists something, but I 
■think our own geologists will teach 
you something.” (Applause.) 

The result of this great congress 
would, he felt sure, bind still tighter 
the bonds which held the Empire of 
learning together. Science to-day was 
a benevolent factor, on its streams and 
rills it bore down deposits providing a 
finer soil upon which men might prac¬ 
tise the peaceful arts and crafts. 


The general secretary announced the 
result of the election of the Congress 
Bureau: — 

Ancient President, Prof, Hofrat, 

President, F. D. Adams. 

Sec.-Treas., R. N. Brock. 



And Yellow Shows You Speak German 
—There Are Many Wonders at the 
Geologists’ Conclave. 

No matter how far governments 
and armies and navies in the abstract 
would put the nations asunder, science 
in its irresistible, burning search for 
the truth will weld the people to¬ 
gether. The scientists are too busy 
to hold back because of the silver 
stanuard or the stock markets or the 
tariff. When America’s geologists 
want to know just why Niagara flows 
down, and Canada's stone dissectors 
wanted to know what was under Nia¬ 
gara and how it got there, they just 
put their heads together like sensible 
human beings and have produced a 
remarkably scientific map which they 
call a “Topographic Map of the Nia¬ 
gara Gorge,” surveyed in co-operation 
by Dr. George Otis Smith, director of j 
the United States Geological Survey, j 
and Dr. Reginald W. Brock, director 
of the Geological Survey of Canada. 


“We didn’t make any fuss at all 
about it,” said Dr. Smith at the Geo¬ 
logical Congress this morning. “I 
wrote to Dr. Brock and suggested the 
idea, and he gladly coincided with it. 
I don’t want to be quoted as saying 
this, but the Congress heartily approve 
of the resultant map.” 

It is really a wonderful map. The 
more you study it the more there is 
in it, and after some ten minutes you 
I feel as satisfied as if you had had a 
trip to the Falls. Every last house 
and building is marked; the lakes 
are tinted differently from the ponds, 
and the different rock strata are indi¬ 
cated by colorings. Even the ceme¬ 
teries are included, and the depres¬ 
sions in the soil. This map is being 
distributed in Guide Book No. 4 of 
Excursions in Southwestern Ontario, 
issued by the Geological Survey at 


“I have often worked so near the 
boundary,” continued Dr. Smith, “that 
I couldn’t tell if I was working on Can¬ 
adian or United States soil. The 
boundaries weren’t so closely marked 
as they are now.” 

“I suppose Yellowstone Park is your 
best hunting ground,” was suggested. 

“It’s good, but at present we are* 
spending a lot of time at Glacier 
National Park. That extends into 
Western Canada. Canada should make 
a park of their half of it also.” 

Evidently nature wasn’t a bit care¬ 
ful when she ran this big mine of re¬ 
search carelessly across the border 
line of two countries. But, of course, 
nature got there first— and nature will 
get there last, when there will be no 
more boundary lines. 


Dr. Tadasu Hiki, Professor of Geol¬ 
ogy of the University of Kyoto, was 
patiently polite when he was asked if 
Japan afforded a good field for study. 
It was an idiotic question, considering 
the formation of the island, but the 
Japanese are proverbially courteous. 

"Japan is all volcanic rocks and 
earthquakes, you know,” he answered, 
laughingly. “We have four universities 
possessing geological research depart¬ 

t<L frTA. 




?' To say that Dr. Hlki is delighted 
with Canada is too mild. He arrived 
first in New York, and struck the hot 
week there. It has turned nice and 
cool since then, and, standing in the 
big stone porch of the University 
building, looking over the green cam¬ 
pus, while a strong breeze swept in the 
odor of burning bushes—well, it gave 
a lovely impression of Toronto. We 
didn’t awaken the doctor as to To¬ 
ronto’s real character when the ther¬ 
mometer lets loose as she did about 
ten days ago. So he just stood and 
beamed and breathed in the cool air 
and said. 

“New York is a most disagreeable 
place. Very hot- Stifling. Up in Can¬ 
ada here it is nice and fresh. Good 


There are three of these visitors from 
Japan. Dr. Kozu is studying geology 
in Washington, and Dr. Kido, who is 
also from Kyoto, is returning to Japan 
after joining in the excursion w r hich 
goes through to Vancouver. Dr. Hiki 
himself intends to study in New York 
for a time before going back to his 
own land. 


The new university museum on 
Bloor street is suffering from 
shock this morning. It was 
called out of of bed in its curl 
papers, so to speak, to receive dis¬ 
tinguished visitors, and it is visibly 
quivering with rage and disappointment, 
with its best dress all ready upstairs 
if the visitors had only waited a week 
or so. 

The pavement hasn’t been put down 
yet, and the approach is over rough 
planks. At the door there is a big 
express w'agon and some men unloading 
iron doors or table covers therefrom. 
But the Congress is on and the doors 
were promptly throwm open to visitors 
at 10 oktlock this morning. The pub¬ 
lic are not invited yet and must wait 
for the formal opening- 

On the ground floor are a number 
of framed exhibits that looked exactly 
like the family linen when it comes 
back from the laundry. The 

same old tears and frays 

were there, but the sign on 

the frame dispelled any idea that it 
was that lost roller towel at last. It 
was found in a tomb at Egypt in the 
third century A.D., and is very valu¬ 
able, as it won’t last much longer. 


Upstairs, however, is the goal of 
the geologists. Here are long cases 
with glass covers, under which are 
rows and row r s and rows of meek, 
small stones and pieces of rock, with 
names that only a stone could bear 
and live. The meekest-looking gentle¬ 
man of the lot was N. W. Scopus, a 
plain, unassuming little chap, wdth 
i white spots on him. One round, fat, 
specimen with prickles claimed to 
have come from ancient Jericho, and 
another from Solomon’s Pools. There 
w'ere a large number of tables contain¬ 
ing the collection of Mr. Z. A. Lash. 

On the top floor w-ere the speci¬ 
mens from Canada in particular, and it 
was to this ha.ll that most of the visit¬ 
ors found their way. Very few or¬ 
dinary people wnlked past the lit.-ej 
sign pointing to this retreat. It said: 
“Department of Palaenontology,” and 
after reading that the uninstrurt.ed 
decided to attend a lecture before 
going any further in the matter. But, 
according to the guide, the value of I 

the exhibits contained In Toronto’s 
new museum is beyond price. Canada 
has no need to be ashamed of the dis¬ 
play she can spread before these 
learned men from Russia, Germany, 
France, Sweden, Japan and every 
other country not mentioned. 


If you wear a red ribbon you can 
speak English at this Congress. If 
you wear blue you’re French, and yel¬ 
low means you know what they mean 
w r hen they say "Wle gehts.” If you 
wear the whole three it means people 
will stand back and look at you and 
be afraid to speak to you at all. But 
some of them do it, though there are 
some conscientious people who are 
nervous about even claiming a right 
to the red ribbon. 

In a little, .room, in the West-Hall.. 

Madame Hoffman sits and pins these 
ribbons on as the case requires. You 
have the choice of a bar pin or a stick 
pin or a button. And Madame Hoffman 
is having the nicest possible kind of 
time in the cool, vine-shaded little 
room, for she is an exile from Paris, 
and every so often some one will rush 
in with extended hands and the 
French floats round your head in tor¬ 

“I am charmed,” she declares. "I 
have met the most interesting of peo¬ 
ple, and they know all my own people 
in France.” 

This is a mutual delight, for it 
gives Toronto a nice cosmopolitan 
feeling to have a real Parisienne to 
receive our French visitors. And Mme. 
Hoffman speaks seven languages, so 
there weren’t enough colors to decor¬ 
ate her with. 

So far as madame can say, there is 
only one lady student of geology pres¬ 
ent—a Miss Rathgen, from Berlin. 
But there are many w r ho are helping 
their husbands in the work. And 
they’ve all left their babies at home. 1 
Madame w^as much amused at the 
story of the lady, Mrs. Quesnel, who 
never kissed her husband. 

“Why, as soon as I saw her I knew 
that wasn’t true,” she remarked 
naively, _ _j_ 


Director of the Geological Institute 
South Manchuria Railway Com¬ 
pany, Tokyo, Japan. 




Card of the gentleman with the longest name at the Congress. 


5 Ioa.. 

With The Delvers-Into-Things 

Points About the Ready-for-Emergency Explorers of the Rocks, 
Who are Now in Congress at Toronto—Men Speaking Many 
Languages Foregather From Ends of the Earth. 

From the ends of the earth, from 
dim laboratories in hoary old Euro¬ 
pean universities, from mountain 
camps in the Andes, or the Pyrenees, 
or the Alps, or the Caucasians, from 
Siberia and from London, from France 
and from South America, the Twelfth 
ecological Congress of the World has 
assembled itself in a dim room in the 
west wing of the University of Tor- j 
onto. It speaks in French, Chinese, 
German, Japanese, English, and al¬ 
most every language in the civilized 
world. It is ready to discuss the 
world’s coal supply, the nitrate de¬ 
posits of South America, earthquakes 
and tidal waves, fossils and the auth¬ 
enticity of Genesis, biology and Cobalt 
silver deposits, how to live for ten 
days on five ounces of prepared food 
or. a bald mountain top, and the best 
methods for estimating your chances 
of getting out of a volcanic crater 
alive. Not a geologist among them 
but can set a broken leg, or navigate 
by the stars, or read the palm of a 
mining proposition, tell where an 
earthquake came from, or how old the 
piece of stone is which crops out. of 
your old home farm up in Perth 
County. Never has there been seen 
in Canada or in the City of Toronto 
such a distinguished gathering of men 
—and women. They are not merely 
scientists^ but persons of personal 
bravery and endurance who have 
made perilous excursions into the out¬ 
landish parts of the earth in the cause 
of science. And above all, they are a 
human, good-natured, interested, and 
interesting aggregation of people. 

The fact that the Geological Con¬ 
gress has come to Canada this year 
signifies a great thing for Canada. 
These are not merely five hundred 
tourists, or five hundred learned per¬ 
sons who will see and forget. These 
men and women, having already spent 
several weeks in exploring Ontario, 
Quebec, and the Maritime Provinces, 
will, after visiting the Canadian West 
and Alaska, return to their respec¬ 
tive parts of the world to report on 
the things they saw r in Canada. Some 
of them will do so in lectures to their 
students in a hundred great universi¬ 
ties; others will report to their Gov¬ 
ernments, to their commercial employ¬ 
ers, and almost all of them will write 
in some publication or other their im- 
piessions of Canada. Twenty-five 
Governments, thirty-eight countries, 
and hundreds of scientific institutions 
are thus being brought directly in 
touch with Canada and its possibili¬ 

# V V 

This great congress is almost forty 
years old. It began with a collection 
of maps and other geological records 
at the International Exhibition at 
Philadelphia in 1876. Geologists there 
Conceived the idea of having some in¬ 
ternational organization to facilitate 
the exchange of data and opinions 
among the geologists of the world. Con¬ 
sequently the first Geological Congress 
was held in Paris in 1878 at the Paris 
Exhibition. The secretary of the first 
committee was a Canadian, the late 
Dr. T- Sterry Hunt, Chemist and Min¬ 
eralogist to the Geological Survey of 

Canada from 1847 to 1872. There were 
three Canadians on the committee 
which organized the first Congress — 
the Comite Fondateur of 3 876: Dr. 
Hunt, A. R. C. Selwyn, and Psul de, 

☆ ☆ ☆ 

Aubrey Strahan, F. R. S.. the Direc¬ 
tor of the Geological Survey of Great 
Britain, is a heavy built Englishman 
of the kind that says little and thinks 
much, and is not to be coerced into 
’conversation with anyone. 

He has a brushy beard and deep-set 
eyes that peer at everything as if it 
were a stone, to be chipped, and read, 
and either thrown aside or preserved. 
He wears loose-fitting clot’hes and 
'smokes a dog pipe, whose warm bow! 
,he smuggles into the palm of his big 
hand while 'he speaks. When he is 
finished speaking, he puts it to his 
teeth again. He is a typical scientific 
.Englishman. He was educated at 
Eton and Cambridge 

☆ ☆ ☆ 

Dr. B. Weigand 's a short little man 
with a great beard and spectacles. He 
Is the representative of the Ober- 
heimischer Geologischer Verein, of 
Stuttgart. He is the senior member 
of the party from Germany. 

Dr. Weigand is the most indefatig¬ 
able traveler in Jthe Congress. He 
hasa passion for see ? ng everything that 
can be seen, knowing ail that can he 
known, and achiev’ng t"hat wh’rh seems 
impossible or at all events difficult to 

“I never travel too much,” he said to 
The Star. “It is good.” 

For instance he was one of the few 
In Sweden to make the trip to Spitz- 
bergen. This year he is going to be one 
of the party that will visit the Yukon. 
He is greatly interested in earthquakes 
and seismic phenomena. 

^ $•' V 

J. B. Tyrrell, the Toronto explorer 
and geologist, is one of the outstand¬ 
ing men in the gathering. Mr. Tyrrell’s 
big frame is to be seen moving among 
the crowd, finding old friendis and mak¬ 
ing new ones, listening to stories or 
telling them himself, and helping- the 
strangers to feel at home generally. 
Mr. Tyrrell is the man who made the 
famous journey across the barren 
lands of our northern wilderness. A 
journey to Port Nelson or Churchill is 
only a trifling matter to him. He only 
recently returned from an excursion to 
the shores of Hudson's Bay to survey 
and report on the strip of territory al¬ 
lotted to Ontario out o-f the partition 
I of Keewatin. 1 

Mrs. J. B. Tyrrell has accompanied 
her husband on some of his less seri¬ 
ous expeditions. Recently she ac- 
| companied the geologist on their ex- 
' cursion to the Cobalt region. One of 
the events of the trip was a journey to 
Bear Island in Lake Te-magami. Here 
the party met certain Indians who 
greatly interested the geologists from 
Eurppe by their -moccasin-making. The 
chief, White Bear, had a little tame 
bear which caught Mrs. Tyrrell's fancy, 
bite wanted to buy it. A little trifle 
like a -bear or two in his backyard did 
not for a moment phase her husband. 
He bought the bear, had it crated and 
shipped to Toronto. Rumor says it 
escaped on the way to the train. Mr. 
Tyrrell does not say. 

H. M. Caddeil, a Scotch geologist 
showed certain Indians who live along 
ft* f or f of i he Machine Rapids that 
the dancing of the Canadian Indian is 
ln 11 a minute with the terp 
sichorean abilities of the Scotch. The 
Gomrnitee of Entertainment in Mont- 
somo of the geologists up 
to visit the reserve. Here a courtship 
and wedding ceremony was put on by 
the Indians, much to the delight of the 
visitors. A pretty Indian maid stood in 
the centre of the clearing, and one by 
one her suitors appeared, making 
speeches and offering gifts. Finally 
came one brave with furs and trink- 
eta ~ and the squaw capitulated. 

After this, four or five of the geol¬ 
ogists were initiated into the tribe, in¬ 
cluding Mr. Caddeil. The Indians had 
heard of the degrees bestowed by Mc¬ 
Gill and they thought they could do as 
much themselves. Part of the cere¬ 
mony included the doing of certain 
tribe dances by the candidates. They 
all did so in the best way they could, 
following in the steps of the Indians. 
But Caddeil was no imitator, no mere 
mimic; he did the Highland fling and 
the hornpipe to the consternation of 
the white folk and the delight of the 
Indians. They christened the Scotch¬ 
man “Big Dancer.” 

# # J? 

At Sudbury, the Board of Trade 
gave a banquet. It was one of the 
most successful the geologists have 
attended in Canada. But bewilder¬ 
ment showed on the faces of the 
guests as they looked at the bever¬ 
ages placed before them. Polite ques¬ 
tions and doubts flew softly about the 1 
table in five different languages. 

“What is it,” they whispered. 

“It” was pink and red and orange 
and green. Such wines the European 
had never dreamed of. But it wasn’t 
wine—but pop. It was a sober dinner 
V- # JSt 

They call Herr Zoud, one of the 
Belgian delegates, the "little steam 
roller,” He is a short, stout man and 
very powerfully built. He Is always 
carrying bundles. He is to be seen on 
the hottest day with at least two cam¬ 
eras, or a bag full of the biggest 
“specimens” be could carry away He 
is never content with little chips, but 
-carries off whole boulders to his 
■scientific lair. If he has no boulder of 
his own, he carries somebody else's 
but boulders he must have. 

& V tf. 

Mrs. Fermor. the young wife of one 
of the geologists from India, was the 
only lady to accompany the party, that 
visited the asbestos mines in Quebec | 
She won her spurs, say the old geolo-i 
gists, because she. did not fuss. She 
wore stout, heavy clothes and thick 
boots. Geologists at work abhor finery 
9 i? h 

Professor Hobbs, 0 f the University 
of Michigan is keen on t'he trail of the 
earthquake. Earthquakes are his' 
hobby He knows the history of the 
earthquake better than anyone else in 
the party. His middle name is earth¬ 

During the trips over various parts 
of the country 'he was continually 
Iookmg for “faults” in the rock, signs 

leJ?T akw , that may have hap¬ 

pened a thousand years ago. 


wsiDor^rAironiPi^^Hori. wh. hemet 


President Falconer, of the University of Toronto, in welcoming the dele¬ 
gates said: “We believe you will confer an inspiration that wili extend far be¬ 
yond this country.” Hon. W. H. Hearst, Minister of Lands, Forests, and Mines 
for Ontario, said: "As far as I can give it to you, you have the freedom of the 



d\ tMvUt) 'fooultl. ‘aittA finrj. fj 


13 . 



Sir Charles Fitzpatrick, Administrator of Canada; Hon. G. H. 
Perley, and Hon. W. H. Hearst, Welcomed Delegates on 
Behalf of the Dominion and Provincial Governments. 

On behalf of Mr. Borden, Sir Charles 

F . _ , | pleaded the pressure of public busi- 

ive Hundred Delegates, Representing the Great Countries of the ness f° r h >s not being present. He 

read a message from His Royal High- 

World and Twenty-Three Different Languages, are ness the Duke of Connaught, weicom- 

. ill- in & the Con Si'ess a nd regretting his 

Attending Meetings at the University. absence in person. 

_ Sir Charles then gracefully welcom- 

THE COAL RESOURCES OF THE WORLD | led the attention of the geologists to 

Canada’s Laurentian plateau, the 
world’s oldest rock formation, which, 
in this country out-crops so exten¬ 
sively; the nickel deposits of Sud¬ 
bury, the silver at Cobalt, the gold at 
Porcupine, the water power at Nla- 
I gara Falls, the mineral deposits of 
| Saskatchewan and Alberta, including 
the mines at Rossland. | 

- The Official Opening. 

See Also Page Four of This Edition. The Administrator arrived at Con- 

Proceedings at the Twelfth International Geological Congress opened this vocation Hall in a carriage with Sir 

morning at Toronto University by a meeting of the Congress Council at 9 Henry Pellatt promptly at 12 o clock. 

n,. » , , . , „ „ „ „ . .. He was welcomed -by the officials and 

o clock. The formal opening occurred at noon in Convocation Hall, when the . 

Excellency, the Right Hon. Sir Charles Fitzpatrick. Chief Justice of the Supreme pi.aUo^.^vhere' Hon 6 ^^ W. HearsL 
Court of Canada, and administrator during the absence of his Highness the Minister ’ of Ontario’s mines, Acting 
Duke of Connaught, took the chair, and in behalf of the Dominion Government Mayor Church, President Falconer, of 
Hon. G. W. Perley welcomed the delegates. The Provincial welcome was ex- To^ t nt ^ f Chairman^ En^le- 
tended by Hon. W. H. Hearst, Minister of Lands, Forests, and Mines, while the flfty 'representative Torontonians were 
city was represented by the Acting Mayor. President Falconer spoke in behalf seated. 

of the university. The Provincial Minister. 

The chief business to-day was the election of the Bureau, as nominated by “The area of this Province, which 
the Council this morning, and the presentation of the colossal monograph en- many of you are visiting now for the 

titled "Coal Resources of the World,” in Convocation Hall at three o’clock. first time,” said Mr. Hearst, “is over 

A Geographical History of the Earth. 400,000 square miles. Only 10 per cent. 

This evening at 8 o’clock Monsieur Emmanuel de Margerie, former presi- of this land has as yet been alienated 
dent of the Geological Society of France, will deliver a popular lecture on the £& ^ On£ has 

geological map of the w r orld, tracing the various rock formations underlying tl.e ipm-eagie-d by 40 per cent. Yet we have 
world’s surface, and unifying continents despite political boundary lines and thousands of miles that have never yet 
fortifications been put on our geological maps. 

Fnt«rtain*d Bv Ladies » "The Province is yours,” declared 

One of the features of this afternoon’s progr'am particularly concerned 
the ladies of the congress. Ladles of the local committee served tea from 4 to )y » 

f, p.m. on the shaded lawn in the university quadrangle. Those of the congress The city’s Welcome, 

who found geology a little dry and unentertaining in view of such a temptation Acting Mayor C-huroh explained that 
roved more numerous than the formidable degrees after the names of the dele- ^Toronto was an Indian word meaning 

.-utes would have lead one to suppose. the "place of meeting.” Toronto was 

The Congress Government. the convention city. 

“The study of geology is a great 
‘‘It has done 

The International Geological Congress is governed by a council consisting 
f members of the original committee who founded the congress in Paris in 

study,” said Mr. Church. 

j 376 members of the present organization committee, presidents in office of'so much for civilization. Toronto is 
various geological societies, directors of important surveys, members of' the cZe'and ^ur/t^ ^eVov^to yot 
present bureau, and former vice-presidents and other office holders, and certain There will be a continuous series of 
others added by the congress. This council met and nominated the “Bureau,” entertainments for you by the city, the 
Tvhirh is Dractlcally the general executive committee, including a president and Province, and the University of To- 
an international representation. The nominations were submitted to the gen¬ 

eral meeting of the congress after the opening ceremonies, and the report upon Presidenx Falc0 , ner followed in 

:„ e affairs of the congress, as transmitted to this session by Dr. Helges Balck- 
.troem, delegate of the Royal Swedish Government. 

Delegates Fraternize. 

"he scene in West Hall, where the 
legates fraternized and sorted them- 

I hope you will have a good 
time, and once more I welcome you.” ! 

A Bilingual Address. 

“When I was first charged with 
ihe very pleasant duty to welcome: 

Ives out into their various commit- you it was my natural impulse to ad- 
; e s for the work which ^ to- ^S^Char!^ 

norrow, was one of liveliness and go i jng . th e f orma] session of the Congress 
nature. All the world seemed to be ■ j n Convocation Hall. But as there 

shaking hands and laughing. Eng- were 23 languages represented in the _ MBB.„.H 

• sh speakers wore red badges, French gathering, Sir Charles considered it will see things that they will show you 
lue and German yellow. Japanese only proper to make an address in 1 and you will learn from them as they 
id ofher varieties don’t wear any dis- the recognized international medium will learn from you. 
ineuishing badges; they must speak of the Congress, “La langue de la 1 ou represent science, and science 
ne or other of the three International belle France.” This was. he said surely is one of the beneficent factors 
intruages and laugh without words. p ^A’ Pular ’ y appropriate in a session in this civilization of ours to-day,” 
'ut everybody talked—-there were ^ b‘ c b m et In Canada the scene of the cont nued the University president, 
i.-me without the gift of tongues vis- of Jacques Cartier, La Salle, speaking for the University. "We wel- 

ble in Toronto University this mom- aptI Cha J? p aln : s ! r Charles there-|Come you—not only as Canada and 
nu from 9 o’clock onward. - Af L er ™ use , d , W ° Ian f ua S es , French'part of the British Empire, but as stu- 

pig rrom ?}g3 - 1 a.nd English, alternately, in the bi-| dents, representing the world within” 

lingual system, as prevails at Ot- I 

A Reply in French 

Dr. Tietzer of Austria followed, 
speaking in official French. 

Then Dr. Helges Balckstroem, dele¬ 
gate of the Royal Swedish Govern¬ 
ment, gave the congress a resume of 
the position of affairs at the opening 
of this present session. 

Officials Elected. 

The Council’s nominations for the 
members of the official bureau were 
submitted to the Congress by Sir 
Charles Fitzpatrick and approved by 
the delegates. These Included Presi¬ 
dent “Ancien” Hofrat E. Eletzl of 
Austria; president, i Dr. Frank D. 
Adams; secretary-treasurer, R. W. 
Brock, and representatives from the 
23 different countries. 

To Tour Canada. 

Secretary Brock announced the out¬ 
line of the preparations for the tour 
of Canada and the various excursions. 
The delegates will see all of geologi¬ 
cal Canada conveniently available,, 
traveling in all some 20,000 miles 4 
trip up the Pacific Coast, to Mount 
Elias, and into the Yukon is includ- 


half of the university, saying that the 
convention was an evidence of the 
scientific progress of Canada. 

"You have brought with you the ex- | 
perience of many years,” continued 
President Falconer, “and you have 
brought with you the seeing eye. You h 
will, in your progress through our 
land, In company with our geologists 
see things that they have not seen, or 
by which they have been baffled. And 
—for I think I may say our own geolo¬ 
gists include distinguished men—you 


Chief Justice Sir Charles Fitzpatrick Delivers Greetings on 
Behalf of Dominion at Opening Session of Interna¬ 
tional Conference—French Professor’s Evening Lecture 
Was Keenly Appreciated. 

Another Suit of Clothes- 

There !* an old story of the Afghan 
, war about a tribesman who was 
has ever assembled in Canada than! brought in and found to be un speak- 

Except the British Association itself] 
no greater gathering of - scientific men 

has come to attend the 
ternational Geological Congress which 

12th In- ably dirty. The. colonel ordered mm 
away to be washed before examination. 
After two hours he sent to know why 

was opened-yesterday in the convo- ti 1P delay. The corporal reported that 
cation hall of Toronto University. The the washing was going on and. they 

really great men who have come to 
Toronto to the number of 500 or more, 
represent the topmost attainment of 
knowledge on all that lias to do—not 
with the bowels of the earth, for of 
those i-egions they know but little, but 
of the epithelial tissue or outer skin 
to the depth of a few miles. And as 
M. Emmanuel de Margeric said last 
night in his lecture, the earth’s sur¬ 
face is seven-tenths water, and we 
know nothing of half of the rest. The 
more honor to the brilliant intellec¬ 
tual achievement that has done so 
much to add to our understanding of 
terrene development 

Among the world-famous men pre¬ 
sent are. Prof. Molengraaff of Delft, 

had just conn, on another suit of 
clothes. Prof. Coleman has found an¬ 
other suit of clothes on the earth- 
“Sudbury" fashion. 

The visitors were welcomed in the 
morning by Sir Charles Fitzpatrick on 
behalf of the Dominion, while Hon- 
W. H- Hearst. for the province, the 
acting mayor for the city and the pre¬ 
sident for the university conveyed salu¬ 

xTesident Falconer was most happy 
in his remarks. 1 “Your science,” he 
said, “has ancient, prestige- Geologists 
engage in a ceaseless pursuit of the 

“You have brought with you the ex¬ 
perience of many years.’’ continued 
President Falconer, “and you have 
brought with you'the seeing eye- You 
will, in yen ■ n-.i—r-'-’c thru our land, iu 
company with our geologists, see thing,, 
that they lr-Ve not seen, or by which 
they have been baffled And—for I 

Holland where general achievements think I may say our own geologists 
as a geologist place him .in the highest] include distinguished men-you will 
rank; Prof. Reid of Johns Hopkins, ant see 
eminent seismologist; Aubrey Strahan, 
a'feader in'English science; P. M. Ter- 
mier, a specialist in avchaean work 
from France; Tadasu Hiki, with the 
new Eight from Japan; Dr. Sederholm, 
director of the geological survey of 
Finland, who wishes to study our 
archaean formations and compare 
them with the Finnish’, Dr. Vv'eigand 
of Germany; Dr. Tietze. the great 
palaeontologist, from Vienna; Dr. 

Hague, the oldest member of the U.S. 

■survey; Dr. AnStor of the German 
survev■ Prof. Cole, the brilliant Dub¬ 
lin authority; besides hundreds of 
others from the two score or so of 
countries represented. Nor is Canada 
without a. voice. The land in which 
Logan and Dawson have gained re- 

see things that ihey will show you and 
ou will learn from them as they will 
learn from you-” 

Acknowledgments were made by Dr. 
Helges Baeckstroem, Sweden, and Dr- 
Tietze, Austria. 

The outstanding feature of the ron- 
gressgress which will make it memor¬ 
able in scientific history is the. 
huge record oi the coal re¬ 
sources of the -world- The 
three volumes and atlas of which 
it consists constitute a landmark In a 
very real sense in a most important 
economic investigation.’’ The work, 
is written in English, German, and 

For the Learned Only. 

Those who expected a trea.t in 
kindergarten geology last night in 
Convocation Hall at the “popular” 

nown, maintains the tradition in the; lecture given by Prof, de Margerie, 
Coleman, Miller,- Adams anc: . were doomed to disappointment. He 
rho size up welLwjth the .beati as introduced j, y president Falconer 

I in the absence of the president of the 
executive committee, Dr. Frank P. 
] Adams, who was concealed in a seat 
i half way down the hall. Then every¬ 
body settled down to bear how Lake 
Iroquois turned into Lake Ontario, and 
whether the earth, like other forms 
of life, was simply a gigantic cell, and 
what happened to Ripbaeus and 
Latona and Lemuria and Atlantis, the 
legendary continents '.of -ages past 
,, , - ,, . ,,, vears to me when the walls of the cell had aeon- 

« «** ** •»- 

judged by the n 
clothes it has worn. 

persons of Coleman, Miller, Adams and 
others who size up well with the best 
of the visitors. Prof. Coleman is to 
lay two papers -before the sections, one 
on the classification of the archaean 
in the ih ter glacial formations of To¬ 
ronto, and one even .more important 
ge.ologic.illv . on the separation of a 
rrew series of strata.between the Ha- 
ronia-n and the. fco'-awatiu, which he 
calls the “Sudbury." 1 he differentia¬ 
tion be -bases on stratigraphies. 
grounds and not on fossil evidence. 
For the general public it nia.y do more 
few million years to the 

the. number of suits of , side, or cool like the bottom of the 

sea seven miles down, but Dt. as 
Margerie .was like Gallia, and cared 
for none of these things. .'He started 

distinguished delegates to geological 





OrriCfAL DfLfOATf frO/r^ 



o\Id - !Xw^' ? - i cj 1 3 . 


McGill University, president of twelfth 

splendid work, and hoped to extend 
their cartographical work down thru 
the Sahara and the British 
i territories. A scheme for the 
division of the continents was 
outlined, Australia, Asm, jjapan, Dutch 
Borneo, the Malay peninsula. Western 
Asia, .Persia, familiar names dwelt 
upon. “A sjngle gap remains in the 
cas i—China." concluded this section. 

Dr. Bartholomew's “Masterpieces 
of map-making and color printing" had 
a final eulogy and then the speaker 
ended as lie hod begun in his native 
tongue an address full of professional 
and' technical iiiteresqMBI 

to the visiting ladies a.t 1.30 in the 
Speaker's chambers, parliament build¬ 
ings. At 2.SO in room 8, main build- 
building. "Differentiation in Igneous 
Magmas,” and in room 11, “To what ex¬ 
tent was the ice age broken by inter- 
yjiacial periods?” will be discussed. 

Canada's great future as a. coal pro¬ 
ducing country, as compared to the 
small .share she now lakes in the coal 
output of tlie nations of the world, 
formed the basis of some intensely in- ■ 
teresting information given in a re¬ 
view of the coal resources of the world. 

■which was read before the Internation¬ 
al Geological Congress at the afternoon 
session yesterday by R. N. Brock, 
general secretary of the congros$. 

According to reliable statistics, 
which were prepared under the direc¬ 
tion of the executive sub-committee 
of the coal resource committee, while 
the production of Canada at the pre¬ 
sent time is only about 12,000,000 tons 
annually, the output from now on is 
expected to increase rapidly, and the 
actual exhaustion of the supply Ties far 
in the misty future. 

The actual coal reserves of Canada 
are 675,000,000 to'ns class A. 29,161.- 
000,000 tons class B. and C, and 384,- 
908,000,000 tons class D\ In addition to 
these, the probable coal reserves of 
the Dominion are estimated as: 1,483,- 
000,000 tons class A, 254,500,000,000 
class R. and C., and 563,482,000,000 
tons class D. British Columbia, Al¬ 
berta and Nova Scotia are the big 
coal prov inces of the Dominion. On- 
taria shows a probable, reserve of 25,- 
000,000 tons of the soft variety. 

The total “actual,” “probable" and 
“possible” coal reserves of all qualities 
for the entire world-are set down at 
3,397,553,000,000 tons. Of this esti¬ 
mate 5,103.528,000.000 tons are credit¬ 
ed to America, including north and 
south continents: to Asia 1,270,586,- 
000,000, Europe 734,190,000,000, Ocea¬ 
nia 170,110.000,000 and Africa 67,889,- • 
000,000. The big feature of these fig¬ 
ures is that they show America has 
more coal several times over than all j 
the.other continents. 


Secretary of local committee. 

bless the name of our sovereign in the spoken by Champlain and 
Cartier.” >:.p 

In reading his address of welcome 
in French, Sir Charles conveyed the 
regrets of H. K. H. the Duke of Con¬ 
naught, that the governor-general was 
unable to welcome the congress in 
person. Premier Borden also sent his 
regrets at being unable to attend. 

Hon.W. H. Hearst, minister of mines 
and lands, in extending a welcome on 
behalf of the people of Ontario, re¬ 
marked on the great opportunities for 
the geologists here. There were 400,- 
000 square miles of Ontario rich in 
mineral wealth and millions of these 
acres had never 'been mapped by geo¬ 
logists, millions never visited by .geo¬ 
logists. ’ • ry. 

The delegates were welcomed to ihe 
city by Acting Mayor Church, who ex¬ 
tended the freedom of tho city lo the 

President Falconer of the University 
p.f Toronto, in extending a weicmie, 
said: in your movements while you 
are here, not only will you teach Can¬ 
adian geologists something, 'but I 
think our geologists will teach you 
something.” , 

The reply was made by Dr. Tietzer 
of Austria, who addressed the gather¬ 
ing in French. ... •,. ? 1 

j in French to explain that out of com- 
! piiment to the eminent Canadian 
! geologists in- would speak in English. 

: We had time to sec that he was ‘the 
[same size and build as King Georaj**, 

I and bad the same features as his 
gracious majesty, and the twin* 
whiskers, and we .til listened loyally 
till he took his first drink of water. 
/Then quite a number of us got up 

r and went out The' rest of us sat 
awaiting them till he took another 
drink, but he didn’t need another, and 
those who missed the first chance re- 
. fleeted on the tide in the affairs of 
men. Of course this only refers to 
[ the laity. 

j The lecture was of great, interest to 
| the scientific meu, and dealt witli the 
' necessity of co-operation in producing 
a standard geological map of the 
World. Tile more recent discoveries 
made the old maps useless. Ttie com¬ 
positor plan, allotting a Mercator pro¬ 
jection with the resuts attained by tho 
Prince of Monaco, whose work on the 
bed of the ocean was complimented, 
was discussed. 

A Model Map, 

The 1 to 15,000 map of Europe, the 
source of glory to the congress of 1881, 
was pointed to as< a model, and the 
difficulties of a scale of reduction were 
regarded as commercial rather than 
scientific. The scale of 1 to 1 ,{>00.000 
was becoming the standard geological 
scale the world over. In discussing 
what had been done, the lecturer paid 
a high compliment to the German 
geoglogists for their most valuable 
contributions in South America. The 
French in North Africa had done 


Chairman of Toronto local committee. 

Discussion of coal reserves included 
addresses on the coal reserves of 
France and Germany, speakers giving 
their addresses in their native tongues. 

One of the big features of the con¬ 
vention lies in the fact that the visi¬ 
tors from foreign lands employ their 
own languages and when it is consid¬ 
ered that 25 different languages are 
represented among the delegates, it 
will be seen that he who gets the full 
benefit of all that is said must be an 
expert linguist, indeed. That this was 
to be the cash was shown right from 
the start, when the geological congress 
was officially opened. And French 
was the tongue to receive first place. 

“When first asked to come to wel¬ 
come you to Canada," said Rt. Hon. 
Sir Charles Fitzpatrick, "1 was tempt¬ 
ed to address my welcome to you in 
the English language, but on learning 
that there are no fewer than 25 
tongues spoken at this congress, 1 
decided to speak the wdrds of wel¬ 
come in the official language—'French 
—the language spoken by the pioneers 
, who laid the foundation of this great 
I country. It is a great tribute to the 
i wisdom and liberality of the British 
I constitution that it is made possible to 

Today the council meets at 9 o'clock 
in room 16. west hall. At 10 the general 
meeting with miscellaneous papers will 
lie held in the physics building. The 
ladles’ committee will give a luncheon 



Professor of geology, mineralogy and ore 
deposits. Imperial University of Kyoto. 

He was followed by Dr. Helges Bal- 
streom, delegate of the Royal Swedish 
Government, who .gave Uie congress 
a resume of the position of affairs at 
the opening of the present ‘j'ssioh. 

Secretary Brock announced the out¬ 
line of (he preparations for the tour of 
Canada and the various excursions; 
The delegates will see all of geological 
Canada conveniently available, travel¬ 
ing in all some 20,000 miles. A trip 
to the Pacific coast, to Mount Elias 
and into the Yukon is included. 

The result of the election to the 
congress bureau was as follow's: An¬ 
cient president. Prof. Hofrat Tietzer: 
president, F. D. Adams; eecretary- 
troasurer. R. N. Brock. 



Remarkable Gathering of 
Scientists Welcomed bv 
the Dominion, Province 
and University. 

Leading Studentsof Every 
Nation Join in the Dis¬ 
cussion of Matters of 

Universal Merest. 

Coal Resources of the 
World One of Outstand¬ 
ing Subjects With Which 
Convention Will Deal. 


Of all tli© many conventions which 
have made Toronto «heir rendezvous 
this year non© has 'brought such honor 
to the city as that at present in ses¬ 
sion of the 12th International Geologic¬ 
al Congress of the "World. Its dele¬ 
gates, men of international reputation 
in 'tlhe wiorl'd of science, come from ev¬ 
ery civilized nation, and there is 
scarcely any considerable section of 
the habitable gitoibe which is not rep¬ 
resented by one or more geotagists 
familiar with its conditions. The 
representation is close upon 500, and 
there are twenty-three languages 
spoken, although the congress recog¬ 
nizes only the three official tongues of 
science, French, German and English, 
in any one of which the addresses 
may he made. 

It was an interesting sight yester¬ 
day at almost any hour to notice 
dwellers in 'countries as far removed 
almost «® the poles conversing to¬ 
gether, French, as is usual, appearing 
to be the eunmoii medium of expres¬ 
sion. Here might be observed a Jap 
in animated conversation with a 
European, or a Norwegian talking to 
a representative of one of the Latin 
countries of South America. The 
men seem all of a fine type, Clear-eyed 
and thoughtful vlsaged, While their 
occupation, which demands an active 
life out of doors as well as the seclu¬ 
sion of. the study, has developed a 
physique in most of them that is in 
striking contrast to the general un- 
development, iboid'ily, of the student. 

A. S. Gunnsberg and P. P. 
The university main building has 
been converted into a series of offices, 
bureaus, and temporary libraries, 
where the many details of a congress, 
which does more than merely assem¬ 
ble and remain in the city, are at- j 
tended to. The necessary materials 
for the discussions require literature 
and maps in great numbers, and sta 

<111U Ili'cupo nr -*- ’ . , 

tistical reports of all sorts are avail¬ 
able in the libraries. The offices in¬ 
clude the usual ones to arrange ac¬ 
commodation for the delegates; others., 
for looking after the numerous ex¬ 
cursions; a cashier; a branch of the 
Royal Bank, and an office for the 
Morans Publishing Company, who 
have prepared the elaborate mono¬ 
graph on the “Coal Resources ot the 
World,” a work in three quarto vol¬ 
umes with atlas, for which a special 
rate has been fixed for delegates. To 
nd'd to the conveniences at the dis¬ 
posal of the congress, cadets m uni¬ 
form are present to act as messengers 
or guides at all times, taking the place 
in the sessions of the page boys in 
Parliament. , 

The morning’s proceedings opened 
with a meeting of the Congress Coun¬ 
cil at 9 o’clock. The International 
Committee met at 10, and the formal 
opening took place at noon in the 
Convocation Hall of the university. 
Sir Charles Fitzpatrick, Administra¬ 
tor of Canada in the absence of 
H.R.H. the Duke of Connaught, occu¬ 
pied the chair, welcoming the dele¬ 
gate® on behalf of the Dominion Gov¬ 
ernment. Hon. W. H. Hearst, Minis¬ 
ter of Lands, Forests and Mines, ex- 
I tended a welcome from the province, 
I while the Acting Mayor on behalf of 


'f" w The nominations for the members 
of the official bureau as prepared by 
the council were submitted to con¬ 
gress by Sir Charles Fitzpatrick and 


An announcement of the outline 
suggested for a tour of 1 Canada was 
made by the secretary. The delegates 
will travel in all 20,000 miles, seeing 

Piatzkay, of St. Petersburg, 
the city and President. Falconer for 
the university also welcomed the dele¬ 

The Official Welcome. 

Sir Charles Fitzpatrick' delivered his 
address in French, prefacing it with 
a few remarks in English, stating that 
it was fitting his address should be 
made in French, the official language 
of the organization. 

A message from H.R.H. the Duke of 
Connaught welcoming the delegates 
to Canada and regretting his absence 
from the congress was read by Sir 
Charles, who also made excuses for 
the Prime Minister. The latter was 
prevented from being present by the 
pressure of public business. 0 oe a 
dress was concluded with references 
to the work of former congresses and 
some, remarks on the geologico 
mineral wealth of Canada. 

Bon W. H. Hearst, who followed, 
spoke of the honor that the province 
receives in this visit, particularly l 
considering the high positions . occu¬ 
pied by the delegates in the world o 
science. He made reference to 
value of isuch conventions m making 
for the peace of the world, and con¬ 
cluded by calling attention to the 
great field before the geologist m t.ns 
province. . , . ' 

The civic address was presented by 
Acting Mayor Church, who remarked 
on the fact that Toronto is living up 
to its reputation as "a place ot meet¬ 
ing.”, He was fo'l'lo wed toy President 
Falconer, who pointed out that the 
congress is evidence -of the scientific 
development of Canada. The mutual 
advantage's that the geologists from 
abroad and those of Canada will re¬ 
ceive from their intercourse was 
dwelt upon, and Dr. Falconer con¬ 
cluded bv extending a welcome as 
from students of within. 

Mr. Hurl, Edinburgh, Scotland. 

most of the important geological for¬ 
mations of Canada, the tour to include 
a trip up the Pacific to Mount Elias 
and Into the Yukon. 

The World’s Coal Resources. 

The public business of the congress 
began with a meeting in Convocation 
Hall at 3 o’clock, whan the topic, 
“Coal Resource® of the World.” was 
introduced, Mr. R. W. Brock, general 
secretary of the congress, reading a 
paper on the monograph, which was 
presented to the opening session, on 
“The Coal Resources of the World.” 

In introducing his remarks Mr. 
Brock explained that one regrettable 
feature of the undertaking was the 
curtailment of some of the reports 
arid work upon some of the maps, ow¬ 
ing to the necessity of having the work 
prepared in time for the present con¬ 
gress. Some of the material was de¬ 
layed, said .fie, through the late ar¬ 
rival’of new material. Mr. Brock’s ad¬ 
dress was in part as follows; 

This monograph is intended to form 
a companion work to the “Iron Ore 
Resources of the World,” published 
under the auspices of the eleventh 
congress. Its preparation and publi¬ 
cation were entrusted to a committee 
consisting of G. G. S. Lindsay, con¬ 
venor: F. D. Adams, R. W. Brock, D. 
B Dowling, Charles Fergie, James 
McEvov J. B. Pater, and William Mc- 
Innes; .. while the actual editing was 
done by William Mclnnes, D. R. Dow¬ 
ling and W. W. Leach, of the Geo¬ 
logical Survey. 

ill jnaaa 

(TVt AJWxJf 


The main body of the* monograph 
has reports on 64 countries, most of 
them in English, while all the reports 
are summarized in English in the 
first, volume.- 

■ The preface'by R. W. Brock calls 
attention to the very cordial support 
given by geological surveys and other 
similar departments of Governments 
throughout the world. In addition, in¬ 
formation was obtained from special¬ 
ists who had had unqualified oppor¬ 
tunities for the study of particular 
fields, though unofficially connected 
with the fields about •which they 
write. A particular contribution of 
this sort deals with the coal resources 
of China, written by Dr. Noah Drake, 
whose long university experience has 
given him exceptional opportunities 
for the study of this question. 

It is explained, that owing to the 
lack of uniformity in the usage of the 
different countries of the 'world re¬ 
garding the classification of coals, it 
was found necessary to adopt an ar¬ 
bitrary classification that might be 
used by all. A scheme of classifica¬ 
tion was drawn up and most of the re¬ 
ports have been prepared in accord¬ 
ance with it. 

In the introduction Mr. Dowling 
summarizes the results, dealing first 
with the distribution of coal In the 
various geological systems. 

1,397,588 Million Tons of Coal. 

Some interesting figures give sta¬ 
tistics of the coal reserves of the 
world, as compiled from the reports 
received. The total is 7,397,533 mil¬ 
lion tons. Of the anthracite coals, 
Asia, with the great Chinese fields, has 
hy far the largest supply of any of 
the great continental divisions, fur¬ 
nishing 407,637, million tons. The 
world's production of coal for 1910 
was about 1,145 million tons, so that, 
allowing for areas which cannot be 
economically mined, there is still 
enough coal left for many hundreds 
of years. In individual countries, how¬ 
ever, the end is in sight already. 

The production of Canada at the 
present time is only in the neighbor¬ 
hood of 12 million tons annually, and 
as it is estimated that there are in 
[ the neighborhood of 1,000,000 mil¬ 
lion tons in reserve, the future appears 

Following the introduction is a 
summary by the editors of each of the 
detailed reports. 

The main portion of the work, 
which, of course, is given up to the de- 
. tailed reports, shows that very few 
1 countries of the world are without 
coal resources of some kind. In the 
j. remaining part of volume I. there are 
very valuable reports of China and 
|japan, together with the islands of 

I Volume II. contains reports of 
^Africa. America, the West Indies and 
j part of Europe. These are prepared 
I by a number of eminent men in their 
j respective fields, and give Interesting 
! information regarding the resources ot 
I the different countries. The Canadian 
I report is prepared by D. B. Dowling, 

I and there is another hy J. P. Ilowley 
' on the coal areas of Newfoundland, 
which he believes are extensions of 
the coal fields of Nova Scotia- The 
American fields are taken up by Mr. 
M. It. Campbell, of the United States 
Geological Survey, who estimates that 
of an original content of 3,225 billion 
tons, 11 billion have been used up to 
the present. 

Has Little Coal Left. 

Great Britain is estimated to have 
a, reserve of 189,534 million metric 
tons most of it bituminous, while 
France has 17,584 million, also chiefly 
.bituminous. Tvvo other interesting 
countries mentioned in this volume 
are Switzerland and Turkey , the 
mer because it has almost depleted its 
coal supply, having only 4,000 tons of 
anthracite and 500 of bituminous coal 
left, while Turkey has large <iuan i- 
k ties' of ' .'own coal and cannel-like 
i bituminous coal. 

5 is that it deforms surfaces to such an 
The 'third volume is devoted to the . - that comparison of widely 

other countries of Europe, the Ger- a t latitudinal areas is very dim- 
man .report being exxjepttona.ily ex- u«i n ,g an individual projection 

baustive. Germany’s actual reserve culu , , / ,„ n .i rlor t a i ma n r e- 

is 94,865 million tons of Stein coal for each, single continental^ map « 

and 9,314 miHion of brown .coal 

though it is probable that there is a 
large further reserve. The volume 
closes with the Russian report, 1 which 
gives 335,997 million tons reserve of 
all grades for the country. 

In addition to the very numerous 
maps and illustrations i.n the three 
volumes, there is an atlas containing 
68 pages of maps, most of them in 
color. Especially noteworthy among 
the plates are perhaps the colored 
maps of China, Corea, Manchuria and 
Japan. Those of Austria and France 
and the eight maps of the coal fields 
of Canada are also of great interest. 

Declared Classification is Wrong. 

That the entire monograph does not 
meet with the approval of all dele¬ 
gates present was made strikingly 
[ evident when at the contSuothh of Mr. 

: Brock's paper. J. M. Gordon, ofi Mont¬ 
real. rose to lodge .a vigorous protest 
against the classification of coal. He 
declared that he was prepared to 
prove the system .adopted absolutely 
wrong, and pointing put that it i.s im¬ 
possible to judge a coal hy its chemi¬ 
cal constituents, which vary greatly, 
and even when not varying appreci¬ 
ably often cover coals of two com¬ 
plete classes, he maintained that the 
only satisfactory method to he adopt¬ 
ed is to have a classification worked 
out by the petrographer as a result 
of microscopic examination of the 
coal. The difficulty in classification 
lies apparently in the. difference in 
texture of the flora which . went to 
make up the coal when laid down in 
the different localities. . Finally he 
urged that until such a classification 
is prepared the only method to adopt 
is to stick to the rough classifications 
of commerce into anthracite, steam, 
household, oanuel, lignite, etc. 

Speeches were also heard from M. 
A. Defline, one of the most eminent 
of the corps of French engineers, and 
. Dr. J. P. Krusch, of Berlin, both of 
whom spoke in their native tongues. 
The former spoke 'Chiefly on the re- 
| sources of France, while Dr. Krusch 
j delivered a paper by M. Boker deal¬ 
ing with the situation in Germany, 
and pointing out the difficulty of mak¬ 
ing a classification at the present 

Two short extempore were 
i heard .from Dr. J. W. Evans on the 
African fields, and A. S. Kittson, an 
eminent authority on Australian con¬ 
ditions, who spoke upon the fields of 
Victoria and also of Southern Nigeria. 

At the conclusion of the session the 
delegates had tea served to them by 
j the Ladies’ Local Committee in the 
quadrangle of the university. 

A Geological World Map. 

Practical suggestions for the plot- 
. ting of a geological map of the world 
were presented last evening by Em- , 
manuel de Margerie, past president 
of the Geological Society of France, in 
an address before [he Geological Con¬ 
gress in Convocation Hall. The latest 
complete maps of the kind, M. Mar¬ 
gerie said, were published in 184 5 and 
i 1861 respectively. The second of these 
had often been reproduced since then, 
but was now of little use, due to the 
progress and widening of knowledge 
in the meantime. 

There are at present modern scien¬ 
tific geological maps of Europe and 
North America, M. Margerie said. The 
former is the production of a commis¬ 
sion, and the other is issued by the 
United States Geological Surveys, that 
body having co-operated in its com¬ 
pilation with the surveys of Canada 
and Mexico. 

M. Margerie favore what he calls a 
continental plan of mapping the 
world, as opposed lo a ’’mundial, 
the latter comprising the whole area 
of land and water on the globe on 
Mercator's projection. The chief ob¬ 
jection to the whole-world projection 

duces this fault to a minimum. A 
secondary objection lies in the fact 
that seven-tenths of the earth s area 
is covered with water, and therefore 
comparatively barren from the geolo¬ 
gist’s standpoint; an immense waste 
of expensive space in the map is 
therefore saved by using the conti¬ 
nental in preference to the mundial 

pl an . , . 

M. 'MaTgerie’s suggestion is tnat tne 

method already adopted in mapping 
Europe and North America be ex¬ 
tended to the other great land areas 
of the world. He would have the 
map of South America first under¬ 
taken, and would entrust the work to 
German scientists and German print¬ 
ers. He would have the map of 
Australia prepared under the auspices 
of the Government of that Common¬ 
wealth. Africa, he said, should be 
entrusted to the French. In the case 
of Asia, much of the data could be 
supplied by the official bodies of 
various European nations, and. the 
maps, M. Margerie suggested, should 
be produced by Bartholomew, of > 
Great Britain. This would leave only 
Antarctica and Oceania unmapped, 
and M. Margerie believes there is no 
great need for the geological carto- j 
grapher’s art in those regions just 

1 yet - . 

M. Margerie, who is a frail-looking, 

| dark little man with scholarly 
shoulders and a bushy French beard, 
gave his address In English, by re¬ 
quest, opening and closing, however, 
in his own tongue. He was intro¬ 
duced by President Falconer, of the 



We wish She International Geo¬ 
logical Congress a prosperous session 
dn Canada. Its meeting in Toronto : 
and lbs several excursions through the 
country will, we hope, prove in the 
highest degree instructive and pleasur¬ 
able for the members, and fruitful of 
good for the Dominion. Canada’s 
turn for a session of the congress was 
bound to come. The immense tract 
of the Dominion has been sufficiently 
explored by the field men of our Geo¬ 
logical Survey and by the experts 
of the several provincial mining 
bureaus to unfold the main features | 
in the story its rocks have to tell. And 
the work done by these pioneers of 
science, and the prospectors who fol¬ 
lowed in their wake, or in some cases 
preceded them, has contributed greatly 
to the progress of the country'. 

'Our geological survey has been of 
great public usefulness. Its labors, 
especially in the last twenty yearn, 
have been largely' directed along 
economic lines, and in that way have 
been most serviceable. The survey 
and the various Provincial Mines De¬ 
partments have brought to light 
mineral deposits whose utilization has 
caused large capital Investments here, 
and has built up industries affording 
employment to multitudes of workers. 
The Geological Survey of Canada has 
indeed justified its existence. It came 
into being in a very unambitious way 

71 years ago, and after a period of J 
meagre aid by" the Government, and 
of precarious, it finally was I 
admitted to its jjroj?er status as a 
branch of -Government, and to-day' the I 
director of the survey has the rank : 
and title of a Deputy Minister. In Its 
struggling days it had the services <5f 
very distinguished men. Sir William 
Logan, its first head, who was Provin¬ 
cial Geologist of the old Province of 
Canada, presided over it and toiled in 
its behalf from 1842 till IS69, when he 
resigned. Dr. ,Sterry Hunt, who was 
chemist and mineralogist of the sur- , 
vey, was one of the foremost original 
workers of his day in these depart¬ 
ments of science. Elkana' Billings, 
paleontologist of the survey, also rose 
to great distinction in that particular 
field of enquiry. Of the men who were 
with Sir William Logam, Dr. Robert 
Bell is the only survivor. Upon him 
some year§ ago was conferred the 
medal of the Royal Geographic So¬ 
ciety. Dr. Bell, who was acting 
director of the survey for years, and 
who should have been titular director i 
during that time, has a fine record as 
explorer and discoverer. 

The survey has issued about a thou¬ 
sand maps and publications,,and many 
of its work's are of great authority. 
At all the International Exhibitions 
held since the middle of last century 
the exhibits of Canada's Geological 
Survey have been the fullest and the 

Dr. Tabasu Hiki, Imperial University 
of Kyoto, Japan. 




O. Andersen, Mr. and Mrs. Holtedahl, University of Christiania, Norway. 

most interesting. When information 
was sought about the route of the Na¬ 
tional Transcontinental Railway, the 
volumes and maps of the survey were 
drawn upon, and very copious was 
I the supply of relevant facts obtained 
therefrom. The fine work of t'he sur¬ 
vey and the 'Vide publicity its reports 
have given 'to Canada in geological 
circles throughout the world have 
done their part in bringing this con¬ 
gress to Toronto. 



Toronto University to Honor 
Seven Distinguished 




caufla, upon seven distinguished dele¬ 
gates to the 12 th International Geo¬ 
logical Congress, now in session in To¬ 

The ‘list includes a representative of 
all the larger European nations- It is 
as follows:— 

Aubrey Strahan. F.R.S., Sc.D., assis¬ 
tant director of the Geological Survey 
of England and Wales. 

P. M. Termier, diirectemr du service 
de la Carte Geologique d© la France. 

Thomas Chrowder Chamberlain, 
graduate of Beloit College and the 
University of Michigan, professor and 
head of department of geo>log> r and di¬ 
rector of the Walker 'Museum, Univer¬ 
sity of Chicago. 

Richard Beck, professor and rector 
of the Konigliche Sachsischen Berga- 
kadiemie, Freiberg, Germany. 

J. J. Siderholm, directeur de la Com¬ 
mission Geologique d'e, Finlande. 

Theodosius Tslhernyschew, Academie 
Imperiale de Sciences, St. Peterstbourg. 

Willet G. Miller, geologist of the 
Province of Ontario. 

A special convocation has been ar¬ 
ranged for Thursday afternoon, Au¬ 
gust 14, for the purpose of conferring 
the degrees- It will be held at 4 o’clock 
in the afternoon, and following the 
closing of the ceremony a garden piarty 
will be held in the university quad¬ 

Willet G. Miller, Provincial 
Geologist of Ontario, to 
be Made LL.D. 

At a meeting on Tuesday evening 
the Senate of the University of To- 
, ronto agreed unanimously to confer 

the degree of doctor of laws, honoris j 




— -- --— - ... . 'It 

going on the savant had a three-foot 
w >re fence put round the property 
and the promoters put in jail when 
they poked their noses over it. Now 
the investors in the Fatherland have 
only the photographs to console them. 

One of the most popular members 
of the Congress is Mr. Bedford Mc¬ 
Neill, familiar wherever a drill is 
run as the author and possessor of 
the standard code for mining men 
Look on the letter-head of a consult¬ 
ing firm of mining engineers and you 
m 11 ',, f, Ure lY aee “ Code ’ Bedford Me 
^ el ! L Mv- McNeill is also Presi- 
dent of the Institution of Mining and 
Metallurgy, a mining guild of the I 
Bt itish Empire. No man can enter 
its ranks unless he has had fifteen 
years’ experience in full charge of a 
mine or works appertaining to the 
industry. Mr. McNeill has made a 
study of precious metal mining, and 
is an authority upon the history of 
early attempts to dig silver and gold 
out of the rock at a reasonable profit. 
But he is by no means only a sojourn¬ 
er in the past. As the owner of a silver 
mine in Mexico, he is in pretty close 
touch with the trend of prices in the 
precious metal market. 

Mr. McNeill is not inclined to view 
with too much apprehension the 
trouble in Mexico. 

“I believe it has been much over¬ 
stated,” he said, "or, of course it 
would be very serious. For the’pre¬ 
sent, at any rate, the enormous 
stocks of silver held by Indian spec¬ 
ulators will prevent any sensible rise 
in silver. But if conditions continue 
to be disturbed, nothing could prevent 
a gradual trend upward in the 

It was acclaimed at the opening of 
the twelfth session of the Internation¬ 
al Geological Congress yesterday that 
while Toronto is known as the city of 
conventions this was the first of a 
truly international nature. 

If the delegates had been gifted 
with all the tongues of Pentecost 
there would have been many solitary 
souls wandering round the West wing 
of the main buildings of the Univer¬ 
sity of Toronto yesterday for want of 
an interpreter. But the modern 
world has grown to be so much clos¬ 
er knit that the three key languages 
of the world gave a solution. Eng¬ 
lish, of course, served well enough 
for all parts of the British Empire 
and the United States. It also served 
for the three Japanese delegates, one 
of whom spoke very passable Anglo- 
Saxon. The French blue rib¬ 
bon, typifying the official lan¬ 
guage of the Congress lot- 
many centuries, used exclusively in 
the Courts of Europe as the polite 
tongue of diplomacy, the sciences and 
the arts, waved in many a buttonhole. 
To it turned all the Latins, from the 
Argentine and Chili, Colombia and 
France, Greece and Guatemala, Indo 
China and Italy, Mexico and Peru, 
Portugal and Spain. The German 
tongue sufficed for the many German 
delegates, the Bulgars and the Rou¬ 
manians, Austria and Hungary, Den¬ 
mark and Finland, the Netherlands 
and Norway, Russia and Sweden. 

The Geological Departments of both 
the Federal and Provincial Govern- j 
ments rose magnificently to the occas¬ 
ion, and provided linguists for all 
comers. The stalwart, broad-shoul- 
jidered young giant who supplied the 
, members with literature and delighl- 
I ed the hearts of the Teutons with the 
I familiar gutturals, was a Boer who 
! fought valiantly for Paul Kruger some 
thirteen years ago. To-day he is a 
valued member of the Geological Sur¬ 
vey of the Department of Mines at 
Ottawa. There were, of course, 
Frenchmen in plenty. Looking over 
the benches at Convocation Hall it 
was apparent that there was little of 
the market place among these men. 
They were savants, seekers after 
knowledge, more interested in the dis¬ 
covery of a well-defined fault than of 
: all the gold and silver mines in North- 
1 ern Ontario. Each from a different 
angle was working on the same prob¬ 
lems, and once every three years they 
journey from the utmost parts of the 
earth to rub theory against theory 
; and report progress. 

In such a case Cobalt, and through 
it Canada, would materially benefit, as 
a rise of a cent an ounce means hun¬ 
dreds of thousands of dollars a month 
In the aggregate to the Cobalt pro¬ 
ducers in the greatest silver camp in 
the world. 

High iea” as a social institution 
has been established on all the excur¬ 
sions of the geologists, and to-day the 
prestige of Toronto was well main¬ 
tained by the ladies’ committee on 
tne lawns of the University. 

But with a few the lures of the 
financial world had been too strong 
to resist. Such a one’ was a bearded 
geologist from the Fnited States. 

“Here is another kind of wildcat,” 
the writer was told, and immediately 
stepped aside to hear. 

It appeared that the man of science 
had obtained the rights of several 
thousand acres of molybdenite de¬ 
posit. He had sunk several pits, but 
had neglected to close them In. There 
appeared on the scene “wildcatters” 
who, innocently or willfully, staked 
out the-greater portion of the savant’s 
holdings and proceeded to advertise. 
They induced New Vork bankers to 
come out. took them over the ground 
as their own, and had them photo¬ 
graphed in the pits where the 
ore was richest. These pictures were 
I sent to Germany, where the value of 
molybdenite is best appreciated, and 
hundreds of thousands of shares of 
stock were sold. Finding • what was 



. (LvO-- 9S - \ 

1 r-< * 1 . , X , 


How Coal is Divided. 

Owing to the lack of uniformity in 
the usage of the different countries of 
the world in regard to the cornmer- 
! eial classification of coals into an¬ 
thracite, bituminous coal and lignite 
■M | Jt found necessary to adopt an 

--- arbitrary classification which might 

be used by ail, and thus make the 

Big and Valuable Monograph Coal Resources Commifttee'^drew^up 

3 „ a scheme of classification dividin 

on World’s Coal 


Ontario Shows Only Small “Probable” 
Reserve—Nova Scotia, Alberta ami 
British Columbia Credited With 
Canada’s Supply. 

That monumental contribution to 
the world’s stock of knowledge, which 
"ill mark the Twelfth International 
Geological iffingresM, “The Coal Re¬ 
sources of the World” was laid under 
the lenses of the geologists, mineralo¬ 
gists and petrologists of the world 
yesterday, and was found practically 
without flaw. A discussion interest¬ 
ing in the extreme was the outcome 
of the appearance of the monograph, 
and Convocation Hail rang with Ger¬ 
man, French and English echoes as 
eminent men spoke to the subject of 
coal resources. 

The last Congress at Sweden beheld 
the appearance of a work upon the 
iron ore resources of the world, which 
consisted of two volumes. The pre¬ 
sent monograph upon the coal re¬ 
sources consists of three volumes 
containing 1,360 pages, and an atlas 
in color 13% x 19 % inches, publish¬ 
ed by Morang & Company, Limited, 
of Toronto. 

The preparation and publication 
of the monograph was entrusted by 
the Executive Committee to a Coal 
Resources Committee consisting of 
Messrs. G. G. S. Lindsey (Conven¬ 
or), F. D. Adams, R. W. Brock, D. 
B. Dowling, Charles Fergie, James 
McEvoy, J. B. Porter and William 

Sixty-four Countries Contribute. 

In the main body of the monograph 
1 the reports are gathered from no 
fewer than sixty-four countries, some 
of which occupy over 100 pages. The 
greater number of the reports are in 
English, ten are in French and six in 
German. Mr. R. W. Brock, the 
General Secretary of the Congress, 
who wrote the proem to the mono¬ 
graph, pays generous tribute to the 
assistance which the Coal Resources 

Committee received from all sources. 

“In three instances only,” says Mr. 

Brock; “Greenland, Peru and Brazil, 
has it been .necessary to compile from 
published literature; consequently, 
the reports presented may be taken 
as the very latest and most authori¬ 
tative pronouncements upon the coal 
resources of the world. In many 
cases they represent the first com- ] classifications. 

, . , /iding the 

coals into A, B, C and D groups, with 
various subdivisions, based mainly on 
composition and heating value.’ In 
this scheme A roughly corresponds 
to Anthracite, B and C to bituminous 
coal and D to sub-bituminous coal 
brown coal and lignite. 

The total reserves of the world com¬ 
piled from all the reports leceived 
amount to 7.397,533 million tons of 
which nearly 4.000,000 millions ’are 
bituminous coals, nearly 3,000,000 mil¬ 
lions are brown coals of various 
grades and nearly 500,000 millions are 
anthracite coals. Of the anthracite 
coals Asia, with the great Chinese 
fields, has by tar the largest supplv 
of any of the great continental divi¬ 
sions, furnishing 407,637 million tons; 
in bituminous coals America with 
: 271,080.000 million tons leads by a 
great margin as she does also in the 
I various grades of Drown coals. The 
world's production of coal for the 
year 1910 was about 1.145 million tons, 
so that, though much must be allow¬ 
ed for loss in mining and for areas 
that tor various reasons cannot be 
economically mined, there still re¬ 
mains many hundred of years before 
exhaustion of tne supply may he 
looked for. Taking up the individual 
countries, however, it is found that in 
more than one case the end is in sight. 

Production in Canada. 

The production of Canada at the 
present time is only in the neighbor¬ 
hood of twelve million tons annually 
and though the output may be ex¬ 
pected to increase rapidly the figures 
given above show that actual exhaus¬ 
tion of the supply lies very far in the 
future. The monograph shows -On¬ 
tario with only a small “probable 
reserve of 25,000,000 tons of inferior 
soft quality. 

Spoke Many Tongues. 

The chairman of the afternoon ses¬ 
sion was Dr. T. Tschernyschew, the 
Director of the Russian Geological 
Survey, a striking personality. Long, 
grey hair well thrown back revealed 
a head of leonine proportions, but he 
was as simple and unaffected as a 
child. It was a delightful scene 
which occurred when one ‘gentleman 
got up to speak and sat down again 
under the impression that he was not 
alowed to speak in Engish. The Doc¬ 
tor motioned upward with a broad 
smile and the gentleman went on. The 
first speaker caused somewhat of a 
sensation by attacking the classifica¬ 
tion used by the editors of the Coal 
Resources. Mr. J. M. Gordon, a 
mining engineer of Montreal, said 
“Many attempts have been made to 
classify coals, but. there is not a single 
classification to-day that can be laid 
to have any degree of accuracy.” A 
classification very much in use by the 
commercial men was the classifica¬ 
tion of coal by the length of flame, 
but this could only be comparative. 
Cannei coal. Mr. Gordon mentioned, 
conformed to none of the chemical 
nevertheless it is a 

Gold Coast, who has also spent some) 
time in Victoria, Australia, gave an 
interesting account of the brown coal 
deposits of Victoria which attain the 
extraordinary thickness of from 808 
to 1.110 feet. Dr. J. W. Evans gave 
an interesting account of the work 
done in the Nyassa field. 


Messages by Leading Can- j 
adians Inaugurated Week 
of Work : 


Plans for Completing Geo¬ 
logical Map of World in 
Uniform Character 

in times of old, had first lisped in the 
science, “an ancient and honored sci¬ 
ence,” said the President, amid loud 
applause. The speaker referred to 
the fact that they had come from old 
countries where /much study and re¬ 
search had madt them familiar with 
formations, and it was the seeing eye 
and the experience which was theirs 
that he hoped would be used while 
they w r ere here to help their geolo¬ 

Dr. Adams Takes Chair. 

The Chairman then read the names 
of the new officers, and asked Dr. 
Adams to take the chair as Presi¬ 
dent. Dr. Adams, who spoke in 
French, thanked the Congress for the 
honor conferred upon him, and in a 
, few words 'extended a welcome to 
|! those present. Mr. R. W. Brock, the 


a ! 

Convocation Hall presented 

unique spectacle yesterday ffiorning |j General Secretary, then addressed the 
when Sir Charles Fitzpatrick deliver- I gathering, and referred to the honor 
- ’ ’ ’ ’’ ' ’ ‘ ' -'for a young country like Canada to 

ed his address of welcome on behalf 
of the Dominion to the geologists 
gathered for the Twelfth International 
Congress. Side by side were seated 
men from all corners of tile world. A 
native of Japan, slim and dapper, wasi 
sitting next a big, burly German with) 
long, flowing beard. Alongside a 
much-burnt Englishman was a chic 

entertain a concourse of world-re¬ 
nowned scientists from every nation 
of the earth. The speaker referred to 
, the difficulty, following in the train of 
;such a magnificent gathering as that. 

’ of Sweden, for a young country like 
Canada to maintain the standard. 
“The excursions planned before, dur¬ 
ing and after the Congress,” said Mr. 
Brock, “covered a distance of 20,000 

Parisian, and then came a stolid ilus- miles, and -afforded delegates an op¬ 
portunity to see typical examples of 

sian. A cosmopolitan gathering and 
a quiet, studious one in the main, al¬ 
though they woke up once or twice 
and applauded like schoolboys. 
Words of Welcome, 

Sir Charles Fitzpatrick .said that 
when he was charged \vith x the very 
important duty of welcoming the 
delegates on behalf of the Govern¬ 
ment of Canada his first' intention 

most accessible features of geologi¬ 
cal interest, and to obtain a clear idea 
of the geology and natural resources 
of the northern half of the North 
American continent. The efforts of the 
Executive have been confined main¬ 
ly to the excursions, and the success 
of the session rests with the members 
and delegates. To the distinguished 
delegates and members who have 
graced this session with their presence 
we tender a cordial welcome and sin¬ 
cere thanks. As the men who have 

"at, to address the gathering- in Eng- made the geological science of to-day, 
lish, but, having learned the official your visit will do much to inspire 
language of the Congress was French y° un £ geologists, and to stimulate the 
he would use that tongue. The Ad- science in this country.” 
ministrator read a message from tile i Septuagenarian Replies. 

Duke of Connaught regretting his in 
ability to be 

. present, and addressed 
the gathering in French. He referred 
them to the wonderful resources of 
Canada, and expressed the hope that 
their stay would be a pleasant and 
profitable one. Hon. W. H. Jdearst 
again welcomed the delegates on lie- 
half of the Provincial Government. 
Referring to the fact that a great 
movement was afoot to-day in the 
world towards universal peace, the 
speaker said that, after all, the great¬ 
est. movements for peace were gath- 

Dr. Emil Tietze, on behalf of the 
delegates, thanked the officials of the 
Congress for their invitation, and re¬ 
ferred to the good work done by the 
Canadian geologists. “This work.” 
saicl Dr. Tietze, who also spoke in 
French, “is only a part of the gen¬ 
eral development, and our best should 
be given to it.” The doctor, who is 
nearly 70 years of age, looks remark¬ 
ably youthful, and he received a great 
cheer at the close of his address. Dr. 
Helges Baeckstroem, the Swedish de¬ 
legate, transmitted the affairs of the 

, - I V TV “ “ legate, transmuted tne artairs of 

erings ol the sort that had now met. morning session to the Congress. 

( f > 11 f 1*r» 1 Ol’ PVtil r\r»Vi Txrcxl ad IBa a.. j - 

plete statement yet made, and in oth¬ 
er cases much field work has been 
undertaken for these special re- ■ 

ports.” . 1 

Although the reports have m the 
main beeh compiled from official 
sources, valuable contributions have 
been supplied by specialists uncon¬ 
nected officially with the fields about 
which they write. Dr. Noah Drake, 
who has written upon the coa! re¬ 
sources of China, and whose experi¬ 
ence there has eminently fitted him 
for the work, is one of these. 

true coal. 

Resources of France. 

Mr. A. Defline pf Paris, an eminent 
French engineer, gave a paper setting 
out in detail the resources of France. 
Prof. Krusch of Germany read a pa¬ 
per which had been prepared by Mr. 
Bokar upon the classification of coal. 
An ideal classification in the opin¬ 
ion of the author is not now possible 
because we do' not know enough about 
the combination and the genesis ot 
the coal. Mr. A. E. Kitson of the 

Controller Church welcomed the dele 
gates on behalf of the city of To¬ 

President’s Happy Greeting. 

President Falconer made a splendid 
address, and was most warmly ap¬ 
plauded for his welcome, a welcome) 
couched in brilliant terms and happi¬ 
ly-woven phrases. “We have had a 
welcome from the Dominion and the 
Province, and you have listened to the I 
welcome of the city. This is the tri¬ 
bute that has been given by the 
world without. I propose to give you 
the tribute of the world within if 
I may be allowed the expression.” 
President Falconer referred to the 
hoary traditions of the science of 
geology, to the Hebrew prophet, who. 

Among those present on the plat¬ 
form were Col. Sir Henry Pellatt, Mr. 
C. D. Massey, Mr. G. G. S. Lindsey. 
Hon. A. E. Kemp, Hon. W. H. Hearst, 
Principal Gandier, Dr. George Ken¬ 
nedy, John King, K.C., Mr. T. H. 
Plummer, Prof. Walker, J. M. Clarke, 
ICC., Mr. J. L. Englehart, Mr. .1. B. 
Tyrrell, Dr. A. E. Barlow, Mr. Morti¬ 
mer iamb, Prof. Coieman, J. M. Mc¬ 
Evoy, Dr. A. Strachan, Hon. L 
Coderre, Dr. J. A. Macdonald, Mr. 
Larnbe and Controller Church. 

cWfAMuai tfu. jji a<j. 

Map of the World. 

“The Geological Map of the World" 
was the subject of a lecture delivered 
in the Convocation Hall in the even¬ 
ing by M. Emmanuel de Margerie, 
Ancien President de 1a, Societe Geolo- 
gique de France. The lecturer re¬ 
viewed in detail the principal geolo¬ 
gical maps in common use. pointing 
out their merits and defects. In his 
opinion the best map in existence is 
the geological map of North Am¬ 
erica, which was prepared under the 
direction of Mr. Bayley Willis. Di¬ 
rector of Geological Survey for the 
United States. This map, which 
covers the United States and Canada, 
is prepared on a five millionth scale. 
He suggested that in order to obtain 
the best possible map of the world, 
the map of North America should be 
imitated and a complete map secured 
by a co-operative system. South Am¬ 
erica, he said, could be surveyed by 
Germany, Asia by Great Britain and 
Russia. Africa by France, and Aus¬ 
tralia by Australians. By this method 
the entire world would be covered 
and a uniform map obtained. 

Toronto, Friday, August 8, 1913. 

The Geologists 

“Surely,” said Job, “there is a vein 
for the silver, and a place for gold 
where they fine it. Iron is taken out 
of the earth, and brass is molten out 
of the stone. But where shall wisdom 
be found, and where is the place of 

understanding? Man knoweth not thej 
price thereof; neither is it found in 
the land of the living.” 

Job may not have been much of a 

8 geologist, but he excelled in humility, 
and no doubt equally modest men are 
to be found amongst the great gather- 
ing of scientists who honor Toronto 
by their presence this week. Already 
we have one of them confessing in 
an interview that no one yet knows 
of what material the centre of the 
earth is composed. There must be 
pockets of molten matter and gaseous 
material with a highly dense mass at 
the very heart of the globe, but all is 

Science has examined the vomitings 
of volcanoes, together with the dis¬ 
placed formations of rock thrown to 
the surface by seismic disturb¬ 
ances. Science has even scratched the 
crust of the earth to a depth of over 
a mile, but the most eminent of 
geologists will admit with the ancient 
Hebrew that there still is much guess¬ 
work about their knowledge. 

Bret Harte puts into the mouth of 
an alleged geologist an eloquent ad¬ 
dress to a Pliocene Skull, found in a 
California gold diggings. The "frag¬ 
mentary fossil” of primitive humanity 
is referred to as “older than the hills, 
those infantile eruptions of earth’s 
epidermis,” and it is exhorted to tell 

the wondrous story of the world’s 
creative period of which it was a 
witness. Suddenly the skull ejects a 
quid of tobacco and replies:— 

“Which my name is Bowers, and 
my crust was busted 
Falling down a shaft in Calaveras 

But I’d take it kindly if you’d send 
the pieces \ 

Home to Old Missouri.” 

Much license is allowed to poets 
and particularly to humorous poets. 
It would be indeed an amateur 
scientist who would take a Forty- 
Niner’s skull for that of a pliocene 
man. The fact remains that not until 
late in the nineteenth century was 
the science of geology placed upon its 
present foundations by such men as 
Darwin, Humboldt and William Smith. 
Even yet there is much to learn. The 
w’hole thickness of the stratified sedi¬ 
mentary rocks in their normal de¬ 
velopment is supposed to be about 
30,000 feet, or less than six miles, and 
the time for the accumulation of 
these layers is placed at 90,000,000 
years. But these are only estimates. 

Within a generation or two long es¬ 
tablished conceptions have been 
swept aside, and in this as in other 
fields of science there is a great deal 
concerning which scientists cannot say, 
“We know.” They have, how¬ 
ever, taught us much of in¬ 

terest concerning the surface of 
this curious spinning globe upon 

which we live out our short 

lives, and their coming to To¬ 
ronto from all parts of the world is 
an event of importance. Intellectually 
the community will gain from 
the visit of many eminent men, and 
it is reasonable also to expect that 
industrial and commercial benefits 
will spring from their presence in the 

Wj-y Oua^. 1 ' iQ 

Outstanding Figures at 

The Geological Congress 

Top figure 
Prof. Frank 
D. Adams, 
Dean of Mc¬ 
Gill Univer¬ 
sity, President 
of the Con¬ 
gress; below, 
on the left, 
Sec’y R. W. 
Brock, Ottawa 
Survey; right, 
Mr. W. S. 
Lecky, Gen- 




UU4. 1 - \ 0 \ I 3 . 

Talking a Rest Between Sessions of the Geological Congress 

Metachen!’ 1 Bclmv :* IntUaZ^ ''Z 

eatcst aiithoritii 

President oT^thtT Society; - Dr. Frank Cosmopolitan Atmosphere 
Adams, D.Se., F.R.S., of McGill Uni-i . 1 

versity, acted as chairman, and in the; Nowhere, perhaps, is there a more 
selection of languages used in read- cosmopolitan atmosphere at the Cor¬ 
ing the various papers impartiality gress than in the reading and writ _ 
^ ^ s s n o ^ n • i _ a . _ 

Mr. H. Keidel, of B.uenos Ayres, Ar-l lng rooni winch has been fitted out 
gentine, read a pkper treating the'uor the delegates on the second floor 
age characteristics and structure of University College. Here one can 
the Argentine mountains in German, hear almost every tongue spoken un 

Honiel, Bonn, Germany; Hr. Baden, 
■ veoious stones. 

The Canadian and Hamilton Clubs 
of Hamilton wiil give the visitors a 
ride around the city in motor ears 
and later entertain them at dinner 
at the Hamilton Club. They will ar- 

and G. 

A. F. Molengraaf, of Delft 
on Earth Movements in the 

Malay Archipelago, in English. Mr. 

\til, who explained, in 
Geology of Morocco. 


der the sun, and as the heavy, leaden 
skies in the morning gave promise of 
rain, many of the members cf the 

M. Gentil, of Paris, Was This 
Morning Added to the List 
of Vice-Presidents 



Cosmopolitan Atmosphere of the 
Reading and Waiting 

The council of International Geolo¬ 
gical Congress met this morning at 
University College, and after dispos¬ 
ing of the routine business, added the 
name of M. L. E. Gentil, of Paris, 
France, to the list of vice-presidents 
oi the society. 

Following the meeting of the coun¬ 
cil the congress convened .it 1 v 
o'clock in the Physics Buildings. The 

the tables in circles instead of scattering 
over the lawns and walks of the Uni¬ 
versity Grounds. 

I Tn one corner of the room two or 
the jthree Russians, with great beards, 
i nv j_ were reading the daily papers. or 

. _, , , | talking together, a group of English 

ta ion had been received by the coun- and G ermans we re arguing in another 
. , , , ( le Argentine Republic to corner while some fair-minded Norse- 
hold the next International Geologi- 

rive in Toronto this.evening at 10.30 
! o’clock. 

Another expedition leavss this 
evening for Madoc, where the scieST" 
tists will have an opportunity to study 
the pre-Cambrian rock area and 
visit certain rock deposits in the vi¬ 
cinity. The Henderson talc mine will 
also be visited and the pyrite mine of 
| the Canadian Sulphur Ore Company 
! examined. 

The Next Congress. 

Dr. Adams announced during 
course of the morning that an 
tation hai 
cil from 

cal Congress at Buenos Ayres. The de¬ 
legates cheered enthusiastically when 
Dr. Adams concluded the announce¬ 

Petroleum in the Bondoe peninsu¬ 
la cTf the Philipine Islands formed 
the topic of a discussion lead by Ml 
W. E. Pratt of Manilla, and Mr. Olaf 
Hoitdahl, of Christiania, Norway, 
read a paper dealing with the oid 
Red Sandstone series of northwest 
ern Spitsbergen. 

Mr. Bailey Willis addressed the 
Congress on the forty-first paraile 
survey in Argentine. 

At 1.30 o'clock the visiting ladici 
were entertained at luncheon by th< 
Toronto Ladies Committee in 

men engaged In an animated discus¬ 
sion with the representative of Bul¬ 
garia in another part of the big 

The Ladies’ Local Committee will 
again give a tea party in the Quad¬ 
rangle if the weather permits this 
afternoon at four o’clock. 

of the Parliament Buildings and the 
various sections met in the afternoon. 

Enjoying Excursions. 

Forty-nine delegates to the Geolog¬ 
ical Congress left the Union Station 
this morning for Grimsby and Ham¬ 
ilton on one of the numerous excur¬ 
sions which the Executive Council 
and the Local Committee have ar¬ 
ranged for the entertainment of the 
visiting scientists. Upon arriving at 
thej Grimsby party walked from the 

. . . If'S 

/,-■ [ 
i Canada, in which many Canadian 
lilitary officers, including Colonel 
>scar Pelletier and Gen. Lessard re- 
eived their early training, has been 
isbanded. The corps has been in 
xistence 101 years. 

■‘’"arpmc/ '‘t^rc^re they found many 
"ting fo'Mhekfons of rock. 

eon was served at the Village 

crVWlV Vu(blL d 


Montreal Doctors Addressed 
the Great Medical 



Canadian Associated Press Cable. 

London, Aug. 8.—The Canadian dele¬ 
gates to the Medical Congress were 
active in several of the twenty-six sec¬ 
tions, assembling yesterday. Prof. Mc- 
Taggart of Montreal spoke in the dis¬ 
cussion on infant mortality. Dr. Pirie 
of Montreal gave an interesting dem¬ 
onstration of the application of the 
cinematograph in the study of the in¬ 
testinal canal. Dr. Maude Abbott has 
been elected secretary-treasurer of 
the Medical Museum. 

An operation to cure tuberculosis of 
the spine was performed for the first 
time in England this afternoon at the 
Orthopedic Hospital by Dr. F. H. Al- 
bee, of New York, in the presence of 
fifty surgeons. The patient was a four- 
year-old boy. Part of his shin-bone 
was used to repair the spine. The 
operation lasted twenty-two mintes. It 
is the 145th performed by Dr. Albee. 

Prof, Harvey Cushing, of Harvard 
FTl Ver9ity ’ arlr5r cssed a gathering of 
■ w persons. The professor vigorous¬ 
ly defended vivisection. 

The Geological Congress Hard at 
Work on a Varied 



Periodical Prize for. the Best 
Performance of Geolog¬ 
ical Discovery, 


Hamilton Mountain Being Exam-, 
ined by Special 

A glance at the program of the geo¬ 
logical conference to-day will give aQ 
Idea of what a formidable association 
it is. 

The new council of the Congress 
elected yesterday met In business sea* 
sion this morning at 9 o’clock. Matter* 
of routine arrangements were linde* 

The general meeting of the delegate* 
opened at 10 o'clock In Physics Build¬ 
ing of Toronto University. Mr. H. Kel-< 
del, Buenos Ayr-53, Argentine, read a 
paper upon the structure and form¬ 
ation of the Andes Mountains, In th* 
Argentine. Mr, G. A. P. Molengraaf 
Delft, Holland, contributed a treatto* 
upon the subject, "Earth Movement* 
In the Malay Archipelago.” Mr, L. E, 
Guetil of Paris treated of the geology 
of Morocco. Petroleum deposits on th* 
Bondoe Peninsula, Province of Tay- 
abas, in the Philippines, was discussed 
by W. E. Pratt of Manila. Olaf Ralt- 
ciake of Christiana, Norway, gave a 
paper upon the Old Red Sandstone 
series 1 of North-Western Spitsbergen. 
Mr. Bailey Willis of the United State* 
concluded the morning prograifl with 
an Interesting account of the survey of 
the forty-first parallel in Argentine. 

The ladies of the congress lunched 
together in the Legislature restaurant 
at 1.15. 

Practical Questions. 

Six committees, or “commissions” 
also met this morning for considera¬ 
tion of the following special practical 
questions referred to them by the Con¬ 
gress yesterday. 

The inauguration of a periodical 
prize for the best performance in the 
way of geological discovery: 

The creation of an international re¬ 
view of geology. 

A commissioh for the study of Uni¬ 
versal Palaeontology—namely the study 
of plant and animal life In the differ¬ 
ent geological periods. 

iJfox. I cj 

1 A commission for the study of the 
human fossil. 

A commission for the publication of 
a “lextque de stratigraphie,” namely 
a dictionary including all the rock 
strata in alphabetical order. 

I An international commission of gla¬ 

Some Startling Topics. 

After a little light refreshment, the 
famous men and women of the geolo¬ 
gical world went to their work -again 
at 2.30. This time they divided into 
three sections, so as to cover more 
ground, and a larger number of rocks. 

Section one met in the main build¬ 
ing- Their topics comprised six very 
technical considerations, Including such 
things as “Sills and laccoliths illus¬ 
trating petrogenisis.” as elaborated up¬ 
on by R. A. Daly, of Cambridge, U. S. 
A-, "Fractional crystallization .the prime 
factor in the differentiation ’ of rock 
magmas,” by Alfred Harker, of Cam¬ 
bridge, England: “Some examples of 
magmatic differentiation and their 
bearing upon the problem of petro- 
graphical provinces,” “The Volcanic 
Cycles of Sardinia,” by Henry S. Wash¬ 
ington, of Washington, U.S.A.; A 
classification of the eruptive rocks of 
Italy, by Venturnio Sabatini, of Rome, 
and another paper upon magmatic 
differentiation, namely the inherent 
constitution of the parent rock forma¬ 
tions. Mr. Hobbs concentrated upon 
that phase of the subject bearing up-t 
on “variations in the composition of 
pelatic sediments, in relation to mag¬ 
matic differentiation-” 

Enthusiasm in the Work. 

So far, so good. This is a geological 
congress, and such subjects have to be 
discussed by somebody. This congress 
has undertaken to discuss them, and to 
■all appearances is going ahead with 
the task, with cheerful and indus¬ 
trious enthusiasm. 

Section 2 does not meet to-day, its 
members being absorbed in the various 

Section 3 devoted itself to glaciers 
with six papers on their program for 
this afternoon’s work. The first was 
•contributed by Mr. G. W. Lamplugh, 
St. Albans, England, upon the "Inter¬ 
glacial problem in the British Islands.” 

A. P. Coleman of Toronto, discussed 
the "postglacial and interglacial time 
in North America.” 

N. O. Holst, Jemshogstoy, Sweden, 
considered the commencement and the 
end of the glacial period; Mr. Warren 
Upham, St. Paul, considered the San¬ 
gamon interglacial stage in Minnesota, 
and westward; Mr. W. Wolff of Berlin, 
Germany, talked about the "glacial and 
interglacial deposits of Norddeutsch- 
land” (North Germany), while William 
C. Alden went into the matter of the 
“Early Pleistocene glaciation in the 
Rocky Mountains of Glacier National 
Park, Montana. 

Out-of-town Trips. 

Two excursions took parties of the 
Icongressional delegates out of town—• 
one to Hamilton and Grimsby, to ex¬ 
amine the famous “Mountain” and pro¬ 
nounce upon its genuiness, and the oth¬ 
er to Madoe, to look at important 
areas of the pre-Cambrian rocks, and 
to visit the Henderson talc mine and 
mill, and the pyrite mine of the Can¬ 
adian sulphur ore company. Certain 
»veins of fluorite near the town will 
also be looked into. 



Says Mine-Owner Holman, 
Who Assuredly Should 


Hon. C. Vey Holman, L.L.N., official 
delegate from Maine, and formerly 
State geologist of Maine, lecturer on 
mining law in the law school of Bos¬ 
ton University, is one of the 500 in¬ 
teresting types in this parliament of 
the world's rock and miseral ex¬ 
perts. Mr. Holman has his wife along 
and she is a geologist and mining 
“man,” too. She has taken hold of the 
Holman properties in Alaska and else¬ 
where, and looked after her husband’s 
work and interests just as if mining 
and geology was her proper sphere, 
and she was her husband’s partner in 
business as well as at the breakfast 

Mr. Holman is the owner of the 
Holman molybdenite mine in Maine. 
This material is one of the world’s 

rarest metals. It is found in Canada 
and in Maine. 

Mr. Holman owns a mile of mining 
ground just north of the famous 
Alaska Treadwell Mine—the greatest 
producing gold mine under Individual 
management In the world, situated on 
Douglas Island, Alaska. He is an 
owner, also, of anthracite coal mines 
in Pennsylvania; also Is he manager 
and part-owner of the Caribou gold 
mines of Nova Scotia, his corporation 
controlling the producing gold mines 
of the Caribou district of Nova Scotia. 
Consequently Mr. Holman naturally 
values the services of his geological 
help-meet, for he is a geologist, a 
manager, and a mine-owner all in 

“What makes anthracite so dear?” 
The Star asked Mr. Holman, remind¬ 
ing him of the sad announcement that 
the price was to go up fifty cents a 
ton on September 1. “Is it because 
anthracite is becoming so scarce as to j 
scon constitute a mere luxury?” 

“There is plenty of anthracite yet, 
comparatively speaking,” replied Mr. 
Holman. “The high price is due to 

monopolistic control, which is a 

As Mr. Holman confesses to owning 
anthracite mines himself, this state¬ 
ment may be regarded as detachedly 



ifoA. UmW 




ml Du EniiTiETZE.. 

kZ PPfJ/Dmt AJYC/P/f. 

Jk ir=> Austria 

Tf.^ . 



L.Baldacu \ [W\ C. DE 



an exact knowledge of physical facta It 
1 b the spirit of the North American 
citizen, whether he lives north of south 
of the international boundry line, 
to ask practical questions. It is the 
task of the scientist to make his 
science exact, and to convince this 
science exact, and to convince its 
hard-headed citizen that he knows 
whereof he speaks, and that his scien¬ 
tific, opinion can be relied on in a prac¬ 
tical way. 

Utilitarion Results. 

“Personally, I believe that this public 
-- demand requires the highest type of 

/ SCIENCE IS UTILITARIAN science, and while, under present con- 

__ ditions, the Government geologist or 

engineer must look to his love of 


|\ Head of U. S. Geological Survey 
Describes Useful 

Even the Classifying of Fossils 
£ Has Practical, Every¬ 

day Results. 

That geologists on this continent 
seem to have somewhat more practical 
aims in view than do many of them 
£ in other countries was the opinion of 
U Dr. George Otis Smith, director of the 
ii United States Geological Survey, 
n “As in Canada, so in the United 
LL States,” said he to The Star, it is 
recognized that full and wise retiliza- 
c tion of national resources depends on 

\ f 

1_ II _ _ 

science for part payment of his ser¬ 
vices, we must recognize, on the other 
hand, that all scientific work under 
Governmental auspices must look to 
practical results. The casual observer 
of the working geologist, however, 
may fail to appreciate that even such 
branches of the science as the collec¬ 
tion and study of fossils are alto¬ 
gether utilitarian in the results they 
yield. This is illustrated in our own 
work, by the dependence of the geo¬ 
logist, in collecting data for Govern¬ 
ment coal lands, on the palaeontolo¬ 
gist, to whom he must look for the 
exact correlation of the coal-beds in 
different parts of the fields under ex¬ 
amination. It has been the good for- 
Q&nited States survey to 

co-operate closely with that of Can¬ 
ada. With so great an extent of com¬ 
mon boundary—with the economic 
national, and scientific problems of 
the two countries so closely allied— 
we have naturally been in constant 
conference and correspondence. One 
instance of these happy relations is 
nstance of these happy relations 

ait ,-fj issue thls month, of a 
topographical map of 
Niagara gorge, so important 
to the student of economy, or history 
°f nature, in either country The 

., was made last year 
through the co-operation of the Amer 

he" ii' Canadian ^anizationt and 

p-ei °? a . p 3 Pronounced by visiting 

geologists to be a credit to both.”" 

S°me Big Figures. 

Although Canada,” proceeded Dr 
‘ 1 is Smith, “has larger areas of un¬ 
developed and unexplored territory 
than we have, yet there are hundreds 

anii!. 10118 , of acres of unappropriated ! 
hi JTiA llnk nown, lands in the 
ii el States - For instance, there ! 
in 6 f milll °n acres of land 1 

fromlihi! Tv 'V Ch remain withdrawn 
ii om public entry, and are awaiting 

examination and classification by the 
Thl ed States Geological Survey 
liiil are als0 two million acres of 
possible phosphate lands now under 
executive withdrawal. These things 
illustrate the magnitude of the prac¬ 
tical problems in national adminlstra- 
< n ’ 1 the solution of which this 
scientific bureau is contributing. 

that Yhi St _,^ in ,ay stress on the fact 
of the irniYF ir nc ' ln the evolution 
vey 1 hastin' 1 , State3 Geological Sur- 
beea t0 make it more prac- 

cominp a re h> ancl yet without be¬ 
coming a bit less scientific in either 

has a thl S ° r methods - Never before 
Jr general American public 
ooked to this federal bureau to "o 

tYvo^nfr extrnt ' nor have fhe execu- 
Trlnf a flrers of the federal Govern¬ 
ment dependcc so largely as at pres- 
nt on this scientific organization for 
the decision of administrative ques- 
ment ” lelat ' ng t0 nationa -l develop- 
Largest in World, 

The United States Geological Sur¬ 
vey is largely represented at the 
present congress. There are more 
than a score of delegates from Wash¬ 
ington, some present as delegates 
from the United States Government, 
and some as representing the survey 
itself. The survey is the largest or¬ 
ganization of Its kind in the world 
with a membership of about nine 
hundred. The area covered comprises 
the whole country, including Alaska 
and Hawaii. The appropriation from 
the federal Administration is a million 
and a half dollars a year, to which 
must be added something like an¬ 
other quarter of a million from vari¬ 
ous States. 

“This bureau,” said Dr. Otis Smith, 
“has been in existence for thirty-four 
years, and I am its fourth director. 
But It is only in the last seven years 
that we have taken up the problem of 
the classification of public lands, 
though this was, in fact, the main ob¬ 
ject of its Institution. But there was 
a great deal of pioneer work to be 
done, in the way of building up the 
organization and obtaining a knowledge 
of the geology of the country. Of 
late years the survey may be said to 
have paid dividends on the work of 
earlier years. 

Chooses Practical Men. 

“It is significant of the spirit of the 
organization that every important ad¬ 
ministrative position is filled by a 
practical field man who has worked 
up from the ranks. We have three 
large field branches for ( 1 ) geology, 
(2) topography, (3) water resources, to 
which should be added the land classi¬ 
fication board which handles field 
data. Except in the extreme Southern 
States the field season lasts for only 
the five summer months. Just now 
we have some two hundred in the 

"As showing the public interest in 
the work, I may mention that the sales 
of our topographic maps far exceed 
half a million copies. This, with other 
distributions, gives a total circulation 
of a million and a quarter to the pub¬ 
lication survey. And this, with the 
exception of the distribution designated 
‘librarides,’ is all in response to re¬ 
quests from the public.” 


<Jr^ tC|l3. 



And It Made Geological Address 
Very Hard Indeed to 


They Listen Seriously, Very 
Earnestly, With Note 
Books Open. 

Interesting it is to watch the intent 
brown faces of the three Japanese 
delegates. These blue-suited little 
•gentlemen with the gold-rimmed spec¬ 
tacles. and the close-cropped, virile 
black hair, look very much alike. They, 
too, are types—types of the serious- 
minded and awakened Japan. 

Mr. S. Kozu is a Japanese from Tokio, 
Japan. Also he is an American cos¬ 
mopolitan from Washington, U.S.A., 
ana elsewhere. Not so long ago he 
was lecturer upon petrography, or the 
science of rocks, at the Imperial Uni¬ 
versity at Tokio, Japan. Since then 
he has traveled, a.nd studies now in 
the geophysical laboratory of the Car¬ 
negie Institute. 

South Manchurian Engineer. 

His friend and confrere, Dr. Kido, is 
the one-time mining engineer of the 
South Manchurian Railway. He left 
Japan one year ago to make a stud¬ 
ious trip around the world. He studies 
coal fields. He arrived here from the 
East, having been in Europe last. 

Mr. T. Hlkl is assistant professor of 
geology at the Imperial University of 

Kyoto. Japan. He, too, arrived at this 
congress from the East side of the 
world by way of Europe. He has been 
studying up-to-dateness in several of 
the world’s foremost laboratories, in 
Germany. Austria, England, and other 

The three little brown men with the 
stiff hair and the black moustaches 
stare- grively through their gold-rim¬ 
med spectacles at the speakers on the 
platfoim—very grave, very oil * it, 
very studious, note books are neld In 
their laps. 

Understand English- 

“lo you understand English vdl 
asked The Star. 

"Pi etty well,” replied Mr. Kozu. “But. 
I read and speak it better than I lis¬ 
ten to it. You see our teachers of 
English in Japan are not Englishmen 
as a rule, they are Japanese- It is 
difficult for me to get the accent. And 
when others speak, if they have a 
marked accent, it is very difficult. 
That gentleman who spoke last, he 
was difficult. He spoke English with 
the Russian accent—did he not?” 

“Scotch,” corrected The Star. 

“Oh, Scotch!” exclaimed Mr. Kozu. 
He shook his head gravely. 

“The Scotch makes English very 
hard, don’t he?” Mr- Kozu inquired 

Dr. Aubrey Strahan Says Little 
Profit in Specu¬ 

4004 B.C. THE DATE 

Greatest of British Geologists 
Describes Work of British 
Geological Survey. 

Dr. Aubrey Strahan, Assistant Di¬ 
rector of the British Geological Sur¬ 
vey, is one of the most conspicuous 
figures at the Congress, in fact 
several of the other delegates express¬ 
ed the opinion to The Star that he is 
the most eminent geologist in attend¬ 
ance. Educated at Eton and Cam¬ 
bridge, Dr. Strahan is the author of 
several geological memoirs, dealing, in 
particular, with various parts of 

Asked by The Star as to what geo¬ 
logy had to teach witb regard to the 
creation of the world, Dr. Strahan 
scarcely thought that there was much 
profit in discussing a subject so 

"Hardly anybody,” he 6aid, "be¬ 
lieves to-day—as they did forty years 
or so ago—that the account of the 
creation given in Genesis is to be in¬ 
terpreted literally. We have many 
clergymen interested in our geological 
work, and they find no hindrance in 
this. One does not now, as formerly, 
hear it asserted that the world was 
created In 4004 B.C. Various dates 
have been assigned as that of the crea¬ 
tion, varying from ten million to a 
hundred million years ago. It must all 
be a matter of speculation. And by 
the expressed ‘creation’ different 
people seem to mean different things, 
most people probably understanding 
by it the time when there first was 

Start of British Work. 

Dr. Strahan then went on to give 
some account of the British work in 

“Our geological survey,” he said, 
“was started by De La Reche. And Sir 
William Logan, who was, of course, 
a Canadian, was one of our earliest 
members. Logan had been engaged in 
South Wales, making a geological 
survey of the great coal fields there. 
He showed his maps at the meeting 
of the British Association at York, 
in the forties, and there met De La 
Beehe, who explained that he had just 
started a national survey. This con¬ 
versation resulted in Logan handing 
over all his maps to the national sur¬ 
vey, and himself becoming a member 
of the staff. I have all his notes now 
just aa he left them. 

“This ^survey at first included the 
whole United Kingdom, and the work 
consisted primarily in making a geo¬ 
logical survey of it on the scale of one 
lijfh t° a mile and on the topographic- 
* = - -. series’ map. 

About twenty years later the six-inch 
ordnance maps became available, and 
were used by geological surveyors for 
observation in the field. These are 
new used exclusively, and the work 
reduced for publication to the ‘new 
series' one-inch map. About ten 
years ago the Irish branch was plac¬ 
ed under the Irish Board of Agricul¬ 
ture. but the Scottish and English 
surveys remain under the Board of 

How Work is Done. 

“The English staff consists of three 
field units, each under a district geo¬ 
logist, and these units work in dis¬ 
tricts which are determined before¬ 
hand. Each sheet of the one-inch map 
is published as soon after the survey¬ 
ings as practicable, and is accom¬ 
panied by an explanatory memo. In 
Scotland a similar organization exists, 
but. in two units. The ‘old series' 
one-inch maps are all hand-colored, 
but are being replaced by the ‘new 
series' maps, which are all color- 
printed. Manuscript maps of districts 
where no mining is in progress are 
deposited at headquarters for reference, 
and maps of districts where mining is 
in progress are published. In addi¬ 
tion to the sheet memos of which I 
have spoken, we publish general 
memos dealing with wa.ter supply, re¬ 
cords of deep borings made in search 
of coal, and geological formations 
such as the Jurassic rocks of Britain. 

"Our survey has attached to it a 
museum of practical geology, in which 
exhibited fossils stratigraphjically 
arranged, and therefore not duplicat¬ 
ing the functions of the geological de¬ 
partment of the British Museum, 
where the arrangement is zoological. , 
As I happen also to be president of 
the Geological Society of London, I 
can speak with knowledge of the in¬ 
terest taken in our work by non-pro¬ 
fessional geologists, men who take up 
the work as a hobby. An eminent 
Canadian geologist was lamenting to 
me the oflier day that in this country 
interest in geological work is confined 
to professional geologists.” 


Though Argentine Republic Would 
Like to Have 

The Argentine Republic has asked 
that the Geological Congress meet at 
Buenos Ayres, if not at the next ses¬ 
sion, three years from now, at an early 
date. Spain and Belgium have also 
issued invitations to the congress. Dr. 
Adams, the president, favors either 
Spain or Belgium- Six years ago the 
delegates met in Mexico. This year 
Canada has the congress, which meets 
every three years. Delegates feel that 
Europe has the next turn. The ex¬ 
pense to the Europeans, -who form a 
very considerable proportion of the 
membership, is very heavy when the 
congress is held on another continent. 
Argentine will have to wait. Dr. 
Adams mentioned that the invitation 
had been received from the Republic 
at this morning’s session at the con¬ 
clusion of a paper upon the folding of 
the Andes mountains in Argentine. 
The requests of Spain and Belgium 
have not yet been announced to the 

a] basis of the ‘old 

13 - 


— ■ | 


, - 

Learned Scientist Delivered a "Popu¬ 
lar” Lecture Last Night — Tribute 
Paid to German Geologists. 

Tempted thither by the attractive 
announcement that a “popular lecture” 
on the Geological Map of the World 
would be given by Mr. Emmanuel de 
Margerie last night, many citizens of 
Toronto paid a visit to Convocation 
Hall. What they saw and heard was 
scarcely for lay eyes and ears, and 
the word “popular,” apparently, was 
meant only to appeal to members of 
the International Geological Congress 
the “popularity” of the subject could 
no doubt be explained by the fact that 
as those attending the congress, being 
geological scientists, are necessarily 
interested in a survey of the whole 


The lecturer, who is Ancien Presi¬ 
dent de la Societe Geologique de 
Prance, spoke in English. He reviewed 
In detail the principal geological maps 
in common use, pointing out their 
merits and defects. In his opinion the 
best map in existence Is the geologl- 
I cal map of North America, prepared 
under the direction of Mr. Bayley 
Willis, Director of Geological Survey 
for the United States. This map, 
which covers the United States and 
Canada, is prepared on a five-millionth 
scale. He suggested that In order to 
obtain the best possible map of the 
world, the map of North America 
should be imitated and a complete map 
secured by a co-operative system. 
South America, he said, could be sur¬ 
veyed by Germany, Asia by Great Bri- 
1 tain, and Russia, Africa by Prance, 
and Australia by Australians. By this 
method the entire world would be cov¬ 
ered and a uniform map obtained. 


The lecture was of great interest to 
scientific men. The 1 to To,000 map 
| of Europe, was pointed to as a model 
map, and the difficulties of a scale re¬ 
duction were regarded as commercial 
other than / scientific. The scale of 
1 to 1,000,000 was becoming the stand¬ 
ard geological scale the world over. 
The lecturer paid tribute to the Ger¬ 
man geologists for their valuable con¬ 
tributions in South America. 


At a special Convocation on Thurs¬ 
day the Senate of Toronto University 
will confer the degree of LL.D. on 
Aubrey Strachan, of the geological sur¬ 
vey of England and Wales; P. M. Ter- 
rnier, of Prance; Thomas C. Chamber- 
lain, of Chicago University; Prof. 
Richard Back, Freiberg, Germany; J. 

J. Sederholm, of B'inland; Theodosius 
Tshernyschew, of St. Petersburg, and 
Willett G. Miller, of Toronto, delegates 
to the Geological Congress. 

44 “iW.Rma.?- ' on 



of THE 


Of TIFFANY S' N.Y. (on kf 







- • 4 % - i Oi 1 3 . 


The Opening Proceedings in Toronto; 
Mexican Situation and the 
Price of Siiver 

Mrs. Frank D. Adams, wife of the 
gresident of the Congress. 

(From Nugget Representative.) 

TORONTO, August 6. — The 
North was very well represented on 
the platform at the opening of the 
International Geological Congress in 
I Convocation Hslll, yesterday, when 
the slight graceful figure of Sir 
| Charles Fitzpatrick rose to open 
I proceedings. It is true that Mr. A. 
A. Cole, mining engineer for the T. 

N. O. railway, was the only actual 
resident from the North Country, 
but there were many whose names 
the North has made famous. There 

was J. L. Englehart, chairman of T. 
& N. O. Comlmission, one tier below 
Major Leonard, whom the Coniagas 
has made a millionaire, and who has 
promised to have Transcontinental 
trains running through Cobalt by 
December, and there was Dr. Miller, 
kno.wn ifar and wide as the god¬ 
father of Cobalt. The Hon. W. H. 
Hearst, who welcomed the delegates 
on behalf of the Province of Ontario, 
may also be claimed as from the 
great hinterland of the North. 

The speeches were for the most part 
in French, that being the official 
language o^.^he‘ , <j6ngreKR. Sir ChasH 

Fitzpatrick gracefully referred to it 
as ‘‘le dotix parlance de France,” 
which the wisdom and liberality of 
the government had tl.lowed thou¬ 
sands of tellow subjects to do honor 
to the name of their sovereign in 
their native language. 

It is eminently an assembly of 
savants. They sat wearing their 
various ribbons and labelled with 
their nqme , and number, listening 
with the greatest interest to the 
various papers on the magnus opus 
of the Congress, 11 ‘the Coal Resources 
1 °f the 1 World,” thin afternoon. The 
work comprises papers from every 
country in the world, and it is all 
original matter so that its value is 
is manifest. 

Today has for the most part been 
one of preparation. The last excur¬ 
sions came in this morning and 
last night from Kingston, Niagara; 
and Montreal, and the secretary and 
his 0 assistants have been overtaxed 
supplying them with their badges, 
putting them in touch with fellow 
countrymen, and seeing that they 
obtained their right locations. 


Mr. Bedford McNeill, who has as 
good a right as any man to discuss 
the silver question as it might be 
affected by the anarchy in Mexico, is 
not much concerned at present. A1-: 
though his own mine in that troubled! 
country, is at present shut down, he I 
believes that the condition of affairs 
in Mexico has been rendered much 
worse in the despatches than it 
really is. ‘‘But if, it is not so,” hej 
said, ‘''and the disturbances continue, 
nothing can prevent the price of sil¬ 
ver going up. The tremendous stocks! 
held by the Indian speculators will; 
support the market for sarnie time, 
but it could not do so indefinitely.” 

All of which is very interesting to 
Cobalt operators, to whom a cent 
rise or fall in the price of silver, 
means millions of dollars in the' 
course of a year. 

Tonight a French scientist is giv¬ 
ing a paper on the geogical map of 
the world, arid this afternoon the 
ladies’ committee saw that the Eur¬ 
opean tradition of high tea, which 
has been well maintained so far, 
shoif.d. not suffer in Toronto. 


Newport may go in for the “tango 
tea” but Toronto can give them 
something, newer than that. It is 
the zoological tea. They are being 
held every afternoon now in the 
University quadrangle. There just 
about five, everywhere you look are 
lions, lions, lions. But they are quite 
harmless and seem as much at home 
balancing their tea cups as they are 
with arms laden with fossils. And in 
and out among them speed some of 
Toronto’s prettiest girls in the daint¬ 
iest of summer frocks. What matters 
if the maidens cannot chatter French, 
German or Swedish? Smiles are a 
universal language. 

Charming Mrs. Frank Adams, 
the wife of the president of the 
congress too is here and there 
and everywhere among the many 
guests who have dropped in for 
a little relaxation after an afternoon 
with jaw breaking words and phrases. 
Every few minutes, Mrs. Adams en¬ 
counters a member whom she met at 
the last congres in Mexico. Then 
there are reminiscences and reminis¬ 
cences. Among those Mrs. Adams 
greets is Miss Florence Bascom, geol¬ 
ogy professor at Bryn Mawr. But to 
see Miss Bascom in her garden party 
lingerie frock which only an expert 
in clothes could have selected you 
would never dream that she was a 
lady whose greatest delight was ugly 
dirty rocks. 

Over in the corner little Dr. Grut- 
terink, of Rotterdam, is having a chat 
with Fraulein Rathgen, of Bonn. The 
doctor is quite relieved to find our 
thermometer has not climbed to 90, 
as she felt sure it was going to in 
the morning. For in Holland, declares 
she, 80 is hot, hot, hot. As for 100, 
she almost faints when you tell her 
such a temperature is possible. 

But one of the most charming things 
about the Congress is the number of 
wives who have accompanied their 
husbands. They seem almost as in¬ 
terested as their spouses who have 
nearly the entire alphabet after their 
names. Among them we found a young 
Norwegian, the wife of Mr. O. Holte- 
dahl, of the University of Christiania. 
A mere schoolgirl she looked in her 
pale blue and white frock, with big 
white hat. Both were surprised to find 
Toronto so large and fine a city. 

But perhaps the feminine visitor 
whom most of our Toronto women will 
want to meet again is Lady Mc- 
Roberts. It is not her first visit to 
this city, as Lady McRoberts, then 
Mies Workman, attended the last meet¬ 
ing of the International Council of 
Women, which was held in Toronto. 

Lady McRoberts is one of the best 
known women geologists. We had 
looked and looked for her. But the 
picture those words presented did not 

exactly call up the slight young fair¬ 
haired vision in the smart cerise and 
white summer gown we at last located 
in a corner of the quadrangle. Lady 
McRoberts is much interested in the 
educational section of the Inter¬ 
national Council, but expressed 
much delight when she heard 
that Toronto now had a woman’s 
•court and feminine police. Asked as 
to the suffrage war in England, Lady 
McRoberts smiled. 

“'That is the first question we are 
asked on our arrival from England,” 
said her ladyship. “I believe that the 
granting of the vote is nearer and 
nearer. It will not come with this 
present Government- It is constitution¬ 
ally impossible since the passing of 
that bill they did of a few months 

‘As for the militant methods alienat¬ 
ing people's sympathies,” concluded 
Lady McRoberts, “I believe with many 
others that the sympathy of such has 
not meant much to the cause.” 

Lady McRoberts is a profound ad¬ 
mirer of her Excellency, the Countess 
of Aberdeen, who is her “next door 
neighbor” in Scotland as their estates 
join. As a daughter of the famous 
Workmans, Lady McRoberts was born 
an American, the grand-daughter of 
Governor Bullock, of Massachusetts. 



Secrets of the Movements of the 
Earth Delved into by Scientists. 


Quite a Few of Delegates on Pleas¬ 
ure Trips To-day—Impression 
of Congress Council in Ses¬ 
sion — Few Papers in 
English Read This 

The Physics Building, University 
grounds, drew only a small number of 
the members of the 12th International 
Congress of Geoligists together this 
morning, when a number of papers 
were read on questions raised by world¬ 
wide exploration. 

“Many of our delegates are explor¬ 
ing your beautiful city. It is not only 
the earth's interior which interests 
members of this Congress of Geolog¬ 

ists,” said a merry-eyed little French¬ 
man, then making a bolt after two 
charming young ladies. 

“I don’t blame him.” said an Ameri¬ 
can delegate, removing a toothpick 
which might have presented a more 
interesting • appearance had its geo¬ 
logical age been known. 


During the session the following 
papers were read: 

"Earth Movements in Malay Archi- 
pelego,’ by G A. F. Mclengraaf, Delft, 

“La Geoiogre du Maroc,” by L. E. 
Gentil, Part's, France. 

“Petroleum on Boudoc Peninsular, 
Philippines,” by W. E. Pratt, Manila, 

“On the Old Red Sandstone Series 
of Northwestern Spitzbergen,” by Olaf 
Holdedahl, Christiana, Norway. 

“The Forty-first Parallel Survey, 
Angien-tina,” by Bailey Willis. 

The earth appears to have been pro¬ 
viding geologists with a feast of good 
things in the Malay Archipelego in 
recent years. 

”1 do not know—I have not seen 
| that,” was the more than once refresh- 
I ing confession of Professor Malengraaf, 
a,s he pointed, with bamboo cane v to 
points of geological interest appearing 
on the maps, but about which he was 
not certain. He talked in English 

with comparative ease, and the earth’s 
deposits assumed more intelligible 
shape. Groups of hills which had held 
their secrets for countless ages, had 
at last had their secrets wrenched 
from them by the investigating’ ubiqui¬ 
tous geologist 


In room 16, main building, Toronto 
University, the general council of the 
Geological Congress, met this morning. 
There was little done of interest, 
but the manner of its doing provided 

The members of council sat at an 
oval table, 25 of them, and spoke as 
I occasion arose. The chairman talked 
in English, a Frenchman inserted 
most of the lively interjections, a Ger¬ 
man took exception to most things, 
and a Japanese beamed silently upon 
the whole, through a pair of gold- 
rimmed glasses. When the German 
delegate wished to catch the chair’s 
optic, he put up his hand, very much 
after the manner and custom of small 
boys In schoolrooms. The ■ French 
member of council was white-headed, 
moustached, and his chin carried a 
frisky-looking Napoleon, which kept 
remarkable time with his chin. Bel¬ 
gium was represented by a vigorous- 
looking gentleman, who appeared to 
understand the art of tailoring as well 
as the science of geology. Indeed, 
most of these geologists pay tribute 
to the art of dressing by looking sleek, 
well-groomed and bandboxy. 


They talked over small affairs, did 
these councilmen this morning—a 


congress is crowded with detail which 
cannot all be left to the general sec¬ 

“What about another ‘nopular’ lec¬ 
ture, such as we had last night?” 
asked an English-speaking delegate. 

The word “popular” brought a 

“I feel we owe it to the people of 
this centre,” he went on as seriouslv 
as a dyspeptic judge. 

A delegate had come to congress 
armed with photographs of various 
changes in earth formation, and was 
willing to let a thirsty populace feast 
upon their irresistible beauties—if 
the council would fix a time and place. 
Council did not. 


The laymen present who had at¬ 
tended last night’s “popular” lecture 
on the geological map of the world 
wondered whether “popular” geolog¬ 
ical lectures were really a sort of 
humor revelled in by the scientists 
who may leave Toronto without tell¬ 
ing us what evolutionary changes 
have taken place in the earth of 
North Toronto and St. Clair avenue, 
to justify the jump in land v; ui rS . I 
That’s the worst of being outside the 
charmed circle of geological science— 
you can’t tell whether the learned men 
are cracking the earth or only jokes. 


It has not yet been decided where 
next congress will be held. 

“Probably in Belgium, but I do not 
say so,” said the chairman. 

It seems that council must exercise 
great care in choosing the next place 
of meeting. If a bad choice were made 
the work of these world-wide scientists 
would lose much of its value to the 
country visited. For instance, it would 
be obviously absurd to select a tropi¬ 
cal country in which to discuss ice for¬ 
mations, as it would be equally un¬ 
wise to choose a cosU centre like New¬ 
castle for a study of silver products. 
It will be seen from this how perfect- 
t ly Canada lends itself to the diverse 
1 studies of geology. No country in the 
world offers the geological scientist so 
many opportunities for investigation. 
In many countries where this congress 
would be welcome, their resources be- 
| ing limited, congress would “specia¬ 
lize” sending word beforehand to all 
scientific societies to study their coun¬ 
try’s geological products. 



Corridors and Cool Spots Well Patron¬ 
ized by Members To-day—200 Sign 
in for the Excursions. 

The International Congress of Geo¬ 
logists is going to be a great advertise¬ 
ment for Canada. It would be diffi¬ 
cult to find a more cosmopolitan con¬ 
gregation than that which strolled 
about the corridors and lawns of the 
University this morning. 

Lectures and papers were being 
given in several of the classrooms, but 
a large number of delegates sat about 
the reading room with a strong desire 
showing on their faces for relief from 
the heavy humidity. 


“This is terrible weather,” said a 
doctor from Switzerland. “ Several of 
my friends from Paris and myself 
were not prepared for such condi¬ 


Prof. Thomas Surzychi, from 
Sosuowice, Poland, joined the group, 
and the little party sat down bv an 
open window for a few minutes’ chat 

These geologists are a great brother¬ 
hood. Prom congress to congress they 
carry their acquaintances- and when 
they meet again introductions do not 
appear necessary. 

When you are talking to them you 
must not be surprised if passers-by 
interrupt your conversation with nu¬ 
merous foreign salutations. If these 
greetings could be translated into 
English they would read,” Hello, Bill! 
How are you?” But as they are most¬ 
ly in French, you must lift your hat 
and make a sweeping bow, and wiggle 
your arms and go through other vio¬ 
lent exercises to carry out the bluff 
that you really understand them. 


Prof. Surzychi is deeply interested 
in coal, and has come out from his 
far-off native land to look into the coal 
conservation of this country. 

“ We know very little of Canada in 
Poland,” he said, “ and other than 
that it is an extensive place and a Brit¬ 
ish possession, we are ignorant. What 
surprises me most is your ever-chang¬ 
ing scenery- Coming up from the sea, 
we passed the most wonderful rocks, 
trees, country, and flowers, and I in¬ 
tend to go right across and see some 

This Polish professor is a great 
friend of the great pianist Paderewski. 
He stayed off at the musicians’ home 
in Switzerland on his way to the Con¬ 

Nearly every member is eagerly 
looking forward to the excursions next 
Tuesday to Niagara Falls and to Scar- 
boro Bluffs. 

"It is such a pity that both come on 
the same day,” said one gentleman, 
“but I would rather go to Scarboro 
than to the Falls. This place is much 
talked of but so few of us know what 
it really is. 


It was at this stage of the conversa¬ 
tion that Dr. H. M. Ami, of Ottawa, 
approached the group. Niagara Falls' 
is a special subject of his. “I tell you 
gentlemen,” he said, "the day is com¬ 
ing when Lake Erie will be turned 
into a beautiful river with grand agri¬ 
cultural land on both sides. As soon 
as the Falls wear their way back 
through the rocks to Erie, this lake 
is doomed for it will be drained just 
as sure as 'we are standing here.” 


There are many practical mining 
men at the gathering. Hungary and 
Turkey have contributed to this sec¬ 
tion. “There is a wonderful bed of 
fine steaming coal in Turkey that is 
not known in this part of the -world,” 
said one of these gentlemen in broken 
English and as for Hungary, some of 
their mines are wonderful. 

Belgium, Germany and Italy have 
contributed to this mining group, but 
it seems a strange matter that France 
appears to have contributed the bulk 
of the geologists proper. 

Some person glanced over the pro¬ 
gramme for the day and discovered 
that a lecture on the Ice Age was just 
about to start. A member from Dub¬ 
lin turned musty silence into a prac¬ 
tical joke. “Let us go and see if we 
can get cool” he suggested as the 
group broke up. 

Up to 11 o’clock some two hundred 
members had signed the books as 
their intention of taking in one or 
more of the excursions. 

Dr. Iddings, of U. S. Geological Survey, talking with two profes¬ 
sors from Paris. 

faced with green velvet with a wreath 
of pansies and green apples. After 
luncheon a group -was photographed 
on the front steps of the parliament 
buildings. The guests included the 
following: Mrs. W. Loudon, Mrs. Ar¬ 
thur Meredith, Miss Arnold!, Mrs. Mc- 
Evoy. Mrs. Wilmot, Mrs. Dunlap, Miss 
Addlso-n, Madame Hoffmann, Mrs. 
Lecky, Miss Annie Eubank, Mrs. Peck, 
Mrs. Udden, Mrs. M. R. Holman, Mrs. 
C. H. Gordan, Frauline Rathgen, Mrs. 
Charleston, Mrs. Taylor, Mrs. Mat¬ 
thews, Mrs. Stevenson, Miss Steven¬ 
son, Mrs. Walker. Mrs. Fermor, Mrs. 
Perrier, Mrs. T. Murray Clark, Mrs. 
W. L. Simpson, Mrs. Ha-ultain, Mrs. 
Gandier, Mrs. Quensel, Mrs. Lacroix, 
Mrs. Dowling, Mrs. Denis, Mile. Ter- 
mier, Mrs. G. T. Kay, Mrs. C. K. Leith, 
Miss Heine, Miss Gregory, Mrs. C. L. 
Taber, Miss Lindsey, Mrs. J. A| Dres¬ 
ser, Miss M. Talbos, Mrs. H. V. Win- 
chell, Dr. A. Grutterink, Mrs. John. 
Clark, Mrs. Edgar Teller, Mrs. Pirs- 
son, Mrs. Adams, Mrs. Ferrier, Mrs. 
Denton, Miss Denton, Mrs. Guess, 

Mrs. McNairn, Madame Carez, Missi 
C. Brazell, Mrs. W. R. Rogers, Mrs. 
Smyth, jr., Mrs. Haltedahl, Mrs. W. 
McNeil, Mrs. Arthur L. Day, Dady 

McRoberts, Mrs. Arthur D. Day, Lady 
Lane, Mrs. W. A. Johnston, Mrs. 

Squair, Mrs. Burrows, Miss. A 
Hatch, Mrs. Renier, Miss Teller 

Mr. and Mrs. David Dunlap, 93 High¬ 
lands avenue, are giving a garden 
party this afternoon from 4 to 6-30 
o’clock in honor of the International 
Geological Congress. 

The ladies’ committee of the Geologi¬ 
cal Congress was at home at tea In the 
university quadrangle yesterday after¬ 
noon when about two hundred people 
were present, among whom were pres- 
sent the mayor of Toronto and Mrs- 
Hocken and many distinguished people. 
Tea was served from a rose-decked 
table in a large scarlet and white mar¬ 
quee. A presentation was made to Mr. 
[W- IL Rogers who personally conducted 
the party to Cobalt, and the beautiful 
silver tea pot presented by Mrs- J. B. 
Tyrrell was an appreciation of .the- 
trouble he had taken for the party In 
his charge. The tea pot was suitably 
Inscribed, and a bouquet of pink roses 
was given to Mrs. Rogers at the same 
time. The girls assisting at the tea 
were Miss Mary McLennan, Stratford; 
Miss Gibson, Miss Moffatt, Miss Nairn, 
Miss Reid, Miss Arnoldi, Miss M. Ar¬ 
nold!, Ottawa; Miss Squair and Miss 
Tyrrell. In the evening a great many 
or the members of the congress went 
to the band concert at the yacht club on 
the Invitation of the commodqre, Mr. 
Aemillus Jarvis- 

_ -Li— _ 41i A *1 04-In 771_1— n no « a 

The ladies’ committee of the 12th Frank Cochrane, Lady Pellatt, Lady 
itemational Geological Congress gave Walked. After luncheon Mrs. 
most enjoyable luncheon in the par- Adams, Mrs. Tyrrell and Mrs. 
iam'ent buildings yesterday, about strachan spoke briefly and very much 
re hundred ladles being present. Mrs. to the point. Mrs. Adams wore a 

very pretty gown of pearl gray silk 
with real lace and a black hat faced 
with cherry velvet, with plumes of 
the cherry and black; Mrs. Tyrrell, a 
white gown patterned with royal blue, 
a wide brimmed hat to match with a 
wreath of small flowers; Mrs. 
Strachan wore peacock silk with real 
lace scarf and a toque of shaded 
roses; Mrs. Parks, the indefatigable 
secretary, Who has dione so much to 
make this thing “go” during the meet¬ 
ing of the congress, looked very pretty 
in black and pale blue with a black J 
plumed hat and a corsage bouquet of 
lilies and maidenhair fern; Miss Cole¬ 
man wore cream color with lace and a 
block tulle hat with wreath of tiny 
roses; Mrs- David Dunlop, who enter¬ 
tains at a garden party this afternoon, 
wore a. gown of real lace and a hat 

.dams, Mrs. J. B. Tyrrell and Miss 
'-olemail received - thse guests at the 
ntranoe to the Speaker’s chambers, 
nd luncheon was served upstairs in 
be members’ dining room at long 
ibles arranged with a profusion of 
ink Kiliarney roses and ferns in sli¬ 
er vases. Those seated at the table 
cross the to-p of the room were the 
allowing: Lady Aylesworth, Mrs. A. 
Ieredith. Mrs. Hocken, Mrs. Strachan, 
Irs. Bedford McNeil, Mrs. Kemp, 
ady McRoberts, Mrs. Winchell, Miss 
Irutterink, Miss F. Basoom, Mrs. 
Lari ton, Mrs. Fermor, Mrs. Whitman 
Loss, Mrs. F. Adams, Mrs. Coleman, 
Ira Arnoldi, Mrs.Tyrrell, Mrs. Parks, 
Irs.Frech. The ladies who were unable 
d be present were: Mrs. R. L. Borden, 
,ady Whitney, Lady Gibson, Mrs. 
ieorge Perley, Madame Coderre, Mrs. 



Top circle is Lady F. D. McRoberts, who visited Toronto at last 
meeting of International Council of Women.* 

Below is Mrs. O. Holtedahl, of Christiania, Norway, who is talking to 
Fraulein Rathgen, of Bonn. 

To the right Is Miss Florence Bascom, who teaches Bryn Mawr girls 
about rocks. - .-***.: 


Nor Do They Recognize Na¬ 
tional Distinctions in Re¬ 
search Work. 


Professor Coleman Delivers 
Address to International 

Onp sure indication of the import¬ 
ance of the Geological Congress, which 
held Its second day’s sessions yester¬ 
day at the university, is the privilege 
accorded its members of walking 
•without molestation on the university 
lawns. The university constables, 
who are accustomed to all varieties 

Today's .work at the congress will 
begin at 10 o'clock in the morning with 
a general meeting in the amphitheatre 
of the physics building, at which the 
topic ol discussion will be, “The Phy¬ 
sical and Faunal Characteristics of 
the Palaeozonic Seas with Reference 
to the Value of the Recurrence of 
Seas in Establishing Geological _ Sys¬ 
tems.” Papers relative to the subject 
will be delivered by T. C. Chamber¬ 
lain, Chicago; Gustave Steinman, 
Bonn, Germany; Charles Schubert- 
New Haven; Paul Krusch, Berlin, 
Germany; Olaf Holte-dahl, Christiania, 
Norway; E. O. Ulrich, Washington, 
D.C- and T. C. and B. T„ Chamber¬ 
lain, Chicago. 

Discuss Tectonics. 

At 10.45 a special sectional meeting 
will discuss tectonics. At 2 o'clock 
in the afternoon the committee on the 
geological map of Europe and the 
world will meet. At 2,30 a series of 
pine papers on miscellaneous subjects 
relating to economics and chemistry 
will be read before section 1 in the 
University College building. 

Mr, and Mrs. D. A. Dunlap will en¬ 
tertain the delegates at a garden 
party at 4 o’clock In the afternoon, 
and the day’s program will conclude 
wijjh an illustrated lecture cm Western 
Canada by Cy. Warraan, at 8.30 in tin: 
evening: . / 

Excursions to. moraines and to Mus- 
knka will leave during Ike day. 

of the academic human, seem awed in 
the face of such an array as throngs 
the halls and corridors, and the grass 
Is allowed to suffer. Even if the 
American and Japanese representa¬ 
tives should organize exterminating 
committees and proceed to settle the 
national differences on the front cam¬ 
pus, it is doubtful whether they w«uld 
be disturbed. 

No scenes of strife have marred 
the cosmopolitanism of the congress 
as yet, however, for the delegates do 
not recognize national distinctions as 
affecting scientific research. The na¬ 
tional boundaries of the world are all 
products of a few centuries, but geol¬ 
ogists think in aeons. Yesterday’s 
program included an address by Prof. 
A. P. Coleman of Toronto, dealing with 
pre-glacial times in America, and a 
talk on the volcanic cycles in Sar¬ 
dinia, delivered by Henry S. Washing¬ 
ton, of Washington, D.C. 

Glacial geology occupied the entire 
tiino of section 3, which met at 2.30 
in the afternoon, following the ladies’ 
luncheon in the parliament buildings ■ 
at noon. lepers were read in each of 
the three official languages of the 
congress, and covered the topic as It 
is manifested in Canada, the United 
States, North Germany and the British 
Isles. Section 1 at the same time de¬ 
voted itself to the question of mag- 
mamio differentiation, introduced by 
six papers, of which four were prepar¬ 
ed by geologists on this side of the 

To Explore Hamilton. 

A number of the delegates took ad¬ 
vantage of the Hamilton 
to escape for a day from the atmos¬ 
phere of speeches. Still others left at 
6 o'clock in the afternoon for Madoc, 
where the rock formation will be ex¬ 
amined and noted. 

“We will really not know what good 
this congress has done until we get 
back home and have a look at our 
notes,” said a delegate yesterday. 
"There is so much to see and hear 
that one cannot digest a fraction of 

A marquee has been erected in the 
University College quadrangle and 
there tea was served in the late after¬ 
noon. Mayor Hocken and Mrs. Hock- 
en were present, as well as several 
members of the university faculty. No 
sessions were held in the evening. 

A large party of the members of the 

Geological Congress went to Hamilton 
and Grimsby yesterday, lunched at The 
Village Inn at Grimsby and were given 
a dinner by the members of the Ham¬ 
ilton Club in the evening. • 

Detailed Account 

Of Toronto Region 

“The Natural History of the To¬ 
ronto Region” (Briggs) is a collection 
of short monographs, prepared with 
special reference to the convenience 
of delegates to the Internationa^ Geo¬ 
logical Congress, at present meeting 
in the city. It is edited by James 
Fault, B.A., Ph.D., otf Toronto Uni¬ 
versity. and includes contributions by 
local scientists on a wide range of 
subjects covering the fauna and flora 
of the region. 

While of particular value to scien¬ 
tists, the work should prove of in¬ 
terest to the general reader, at least 
in Toronto, because of the many 
items of information about the city 
and its history. The opening chap¬ 
ter, which serves as an "introduction 
j to the volume, entitled "Toronto; an 
Historical and Descriptive Sketch,” 
is written by Professor Keys. This is 
I an excellent short review of the city’s 
early history and development; and 
combines with it a descriptive account 
of the present conditions of popula¬ 
tion, industries, the University, and 
other items. It must be confessed 
that, while he blows the city’s trumpet 
rather loudly, the author has not 
scrupled to criticize some points which 
richly deserve it, particularly the 
short-sightedness which was re¬ 
sponsible for the loss of the lake 
front, and the unfortunate judgment 
displayed in the method of laying out 
the streets. 

The University is described with 
considerable 1 detail, as far as the 
scope of the article will permit, 

A chapter on the Indians who for¬ 
merly inhabited the district shows that 
these belonged to the Mississauga 
tribe that formerly inhabited the re- 
gion of the lake’s western end. These 
people became a seventh member of 
the Iroquois League and engaged in 
the wars against the French. The 
most progressive of all the tribes that 
inhabited the region dwelt formerly 
near the mouth of the Credit and some 
very interesting details are given of 
their customs. One item that is in¬ 
structive in the light of later develop¬ 
ments recalls that when the Indians 
became indisposed they paid a visit 
to the Island to recuperate, its health¬ 
giving properties being appreciated 
even at that early date. 

Professor Coleman, Ph.D., F.R.S., 
has contributed an article on the geo¬ 
logy of the region, of which the par¬ 
ticular interest to the general reader 
lies in the description of the great lake 
called by geologists “Lake Iroquois” 
that formerly filled the great basin 
made by the ridge which forms the 1 
Heights at Queenston, the Hamilton 
“Mountain” and the Davenport hills. 
This, lake existed at the end of the 
Glacial age and its eastern shore was 
evidently formed of ice. The tremend¬ 
ous size of it can be appreciated when 
it is remembered that Hamilton, To¬ 
ronto, St. Catharines and a score of 
other places are built upon what was 
formerly the bottom of this great lake 
where it began to grow comparatively 
shallow towards the shore. A most 
interesting note on Niagara Falls de¬ 
scribing the process by which the falls 
have receded from Queenston to their 
present position, Is included in the 
article, the time taken by this reces¬ 
sion being estimated at 39,000 years. 

An article on the climate of To¬ 
ronto has been contributed by R. i 
F. Stupart, F.Jt.S.C., director of" the 
Meteorological Office, which neces¬ 
sarily consists chiefly of records of 
average temperatures. 

The last eighteen chapters are de¬ 
voted to the botanical and zoological 
details, and consist chiefly of lists 
which are not of interest to the gen¬ 
eral reader. There are forty-one spe¬ 
cies of mammals, two hundred and 
ninety-two birds and eleven reptiles 
recorded, and of the last-named, 
among the snakes, there are none 

The volume includes several good 
detail maps, one showing the County 
of York and vicinity; another a road 
map of Toronto and environs; and a 
third an excellent map published by 
the Department of Lands, Forests and 
Mines, giving the geological formations 
in color. 


Prof. Alfred La Croix, of Paris, 
France. Greatest Living Mineralogist, 


Forty-five Members of the 
Congress See Points of 


Spent Some Time Collecting* 
Objects From the Moun¬ 
tain Brow. 

Special to The Mall and Empire. 

Hamilton, Aug. 8.—About 4 5 mem¬ 
bers of the geologists’ congress which 
is in session in Toronto visited Ham¬ 
ilton this afternoon andi were Shown 
the sights of the -city. They were 
driven in motor cars to tlhe various 
points of interest, and spent some time 
along th© Mountain brow collecting 
specimens. They were very much im¬ 
pressed) with the collection in the 
rooms of the Hamilton Scientific As¬ 
sociation, wbi-dh Col. Grant has gath¬ 

Dr. W. A- Park, an old Hamilton 
boy, who is now the professor of pal¬ 
aeontology in the University of Toron¬ 
to, -was the official guide and lecturer 
of the party. A dinner was given at 
the Hamilton Club, -at Which C. R. Mc¬ 
Cullough presided. Dr. J. Heume-r 
Mullin was in charge of the local ar¬ 

The following ladies Were among 
the invited guests at the luncheon 
given by the Toronto Ladies’ Commit¬ 
tee of the Geological Congress: Lady 
Aylesworth, Mrs. Arthur Meredith, 
Mrs. Strahan, Mrs. Bedford McNeil, 
Mrs. Kemp, Lady McRoberts, Mrs. 
Winchell, Lady Fellatt, Miss Grutter- 
ink. Miss F. Bascom, Mrs. Charleton, 
Mrs. Ferraor, Mrs. Whitman Cross, 
Mrs. Adams, Mrs. Coleman, Mrs. 
Arnold!, Mrs. Tyrrell, Mrs. Parks, 
Mrs. Freeh, Mrs. Hocken, Miss Mc¬ 
Lennan, Mrs. Loudon, Mrs. Frank 
Adams, Mrs. Wilmot, Mrs. Dunlap, 
Miss Addison, Mrs. Forsyth Grant, 
Madame Hoffman, Mrs. Lecky, Miss 
Annie Eubank, Mrs. Peck, Mrs. Ud- 
den, Mrs. M. R. Holman, Mrs. C. 
H. Gordan, Fraulein Rathgen, 
Mrs. Charleston, Mrs. Taylor, Mrs. 
Matthews, Mrs. Stevenson, Miss Ste¬ 
venson, Mrs. Walker, Miss Mary 
McLennan, Mrs. Fermor, Mrs. Fer- 
rier, Mrs. T. Murray Clark, Mrs. W. 
L. Simpson, Mrs. Haultain. Mrs. 
Gandier, Mrs. Quensel, Mrs. Lacroix, 
Mrs. Dowling, Mrs. Denis, Mile. Ter- 
mier, Mrs. G. T. Kay, Mrs. C. K. 
Leith, Miss Heine, Miss Gregory, Mrs. 
C. L. Taber, Miss Lindsey, Mrs. J. 
A. Dresser, Miss M. Talbos, Dr. A. 
Grutterink, Mrs. John Clark, Mrs. 
Edgar Teller, Mrs. Pirsson, Mrs. 
Denton, Miss Denton, Mrs. 

Phillips, Mrs. Guess, Mrs. Mc- 
Nairn, Madame Carez, Miss C. Bra- 
zell, Mrs. W. R. Rogers, Mrs. 
Smyth, jun., Mrs. Haltedahl, Mrs.- 
W. McNeil, Mrs. Arthur L. Day, 
Mrs. Lane, Mrs. W. A. Johnston, 
Mrs. Square, Mrs. Burrows. Miss A. 
Hatch, Mrs. Renier, Miss Teller.c 

TKail ^ CtU^. Cj - t Oj (3, 



Toronto Island and Lake 
Surrounding it Shown 
to be Over Eight Thou¬ 
sand Years Old. 


ess Hears Interest¬ 
ing Address on Post¬ 
glacial and Interglacial 
Time in North America. 

Toronto’s 'history of an age long 
-past, written in hieroglyphics more 
ancient than those of Egypt, hut un- 

The Interglacial Period. 

In introducing his subject, Pro¬ 
fessor Coleman stated that he did not 
intend to deal with the controversial 
question as to whether there were, 
or were not, warm periods between 
the great ice ages in Great urltam, 
but that he would show evidence to 
prove that in North America we 'had 
an interglacial period of great 

As a starting point from which t-o 
establish his estimate of the time 
since the glaciers disappeared from 
over Toronto, the spea'Ker took up 
first the question of the time required 
to build up the Toronto Island. This, 
he declared, has been caused by the 1 , 
gradual wearing down of the great 
Scarboro Bluffs and the drift of cur¬ 
rents towards the west, carrying the 
sediment to form the present island. 
This has grown stage by stage and 
is still growing, and, moreover, it has 
all been formed since Lake Ontario 
came into existence as a lake at about 
its present level. Thus if the rate 
at which the Island is being built up 
car. be fixed, the age of the lake can 
bo determined. 

To illustrate the manner in which 
the Island' has grown, a map was 
shown giving the depths off the Shore 

ancient than those of ^ ^ ^‘ to the ’ Exhibition, 

like them, by the hand of nature, not These ]jnes all converge at the south¬ 
western point of the Island, and thus 
show that a great promotory former¬ 
ly extended from Victoria Point .to 
the present great bluffs at Scarboro.' 

man, was related at one of the ses¬ 
sions of the Geological Congress yes¬ 
terday afternoon, when Professor A. 
P. Coleman, of Toronto University, 
delivered a 'lecture, with his subject 
“An Estimate of Postglacial and: In¬ 
terglacial Time in North America. 
Unlike the majority of the lectures 
at the congress, this Was not of the 
highly technical order intelligible 
only to the trained mind of a geolo¬ 
gist, for it dealt largely with the ques¬ 
tion of the time taken to form the 
Toronto Island, from which an esti¬ 

mate of one stage of the postglacial was estimated, this being done 

»-*-» All n ,1 cf cnnfl rl'Pl 

time was reckoned, and touched up¬ 
on the interesting subject of the vast 
lake which formerly filled the entire 
(basin where now Lake Ontario and 
a large portion of country lie. It In¬ 
cluded, also, a number of most Inter¬ 
esting lantern slides made from pho- 

notlclng the amount! of sand deposit¬ 
ed per year. Since records have been 
‘kept within the last thirteen rears 
about ?2 acres have boon added. -As 
ilbe T stand contains approximately 
j S20.ft00.000 cubic yards of sand, hv 
dividing by the annual accumulation 
jit works out at about 7.«nn vea-s. thus 
rauufi ,„»»» —Hi. seeming to verify the former figures 

tographs of the leaves of trees, shells within a fairly close margin, and es- 

... , , ,. tViiniErs tablishing the age of Lake Ontario 

and other interesting living things abou « * ears . 

that have (been found in deposits The an( q en t j_,ake Iroquois, as geo- 
whioh undoubtedly were made be- logists name the lake formerly oc- 
tween the periods when great sheets cupying the greater Ontario basin, 

, . . . .. .. + >,e shows from its gravel bars on the 

of ice covered the entire region to the Hamilton escarpment , at Queenston 

north and far to the south of the Heights, at the Davenport ridges and 
city The slides prove clearly that beyond, the same maturity as Lake 

j between the great ice ages there was Ontario. and thus Lake Iroquois took 
. . . m about the.same length of time for its 

a period when Toronto and its en- v/ork roughly _ 8i000 years . 

vironments enjoyed a climate as warm \Va s Formerly Under the Sea. 

1 as that of Philadelphia and places in | The shifUng . of t , he land leVel at 
Southern Ohio. one time put the Ontario basin be- 

Professor Coleman’s address was low sea level, and this occurred be- 

preceded by an interesting paper by tween the two lake periods. The es- 
1 Z ° limate for this time works out, l-ough. 

G. V . Lamplugh, of St. Alban s, Erg- j y> al about the same, 8,000 years, 
land, maintaining that the generally’ thus showing that the ice left this 
accepted idea of long interglacial 
periods in the British Isles, where 
first the glacial theory’ was propound¬ 
ed, is incorrect, and giving convinc¬ 
ing evidence for his stand. showing that the ice left this 
part of the continent about 25,000 
years ago, thus establishing the post¬ 
glacial age in years as about 25,000. 

Since the Iroquois Lake period the 
north-eastern shore of the lake has 
been gradually rising, as is shown by 
the differing elevation of its shore 

cW£vuu<L tm. $ q 

The retreat of the cliffs has been 
estimated at 1.62 feet per annum, and 
fifty years have been taken to demon¬ 
strate this since first the cliffs were 
accurately surveyed. As the great 
r-vemontory was composed of about 
13,000 feet, the time taken to destroy 
it can be figured b\’ dividing by 1.62. 
which makes the time about 8,000 

Lake Ontario 8.000 Tears Old. 

To Check these figures the rate at ' 
which the Island has been built up 



JI. Lantenois and J. Beprat, of France. 


F. W. do Wolfe, State Geologist of Illinois : Wm. North-Rice. State Geolo¬ 
gist of Connecticut; Kummel, State Geologist of New Jersey. 


'WlcvX ^ ^oM/^UAjL. ^ • 

line. In interglacial times there was 
also a lake at Toronto, which must 
have had some darn other than ice 
ai its end and the same rise and fall 
of this part is apparent, so that the 

One of the excursions which are a 
feature of the congress was made yes¬ 
terday to Grimsby and Hamilton to 
study the formation of the escarp¬ 
ment and its fossils. Forty-nine went 

'ijlcW- op \C| 


last evening, while another is making 
Muskoka its objective. 


Ice, However, Covered 
24,000 Years Ago 


interglacial age is estimated at three on the excursion, and, in addition to 
times that of the postglacial. the business end of it, enjoyed the hoc 

The illustrations shown by Pro- j pitallty of the two points visited Sev 
fessor Coleman were specimens of the | eral excursions have been arranged 
plants and animals obtained m the for to-day, one having left for (Modoc 
Interglacial beds at the Don Valley ■- " uoa 

Brickyards. About two-thirds of 
these, chiefly leaves of trees and 
shells, and all petrified, show that the 
flora and fauna were anproximatoly 
the same as those to the south of 
Lake Erie to-day, though many of the 
j specimens obtained are extinct varie- 
I ties. The hypothesis is not without 
good foundation, as Professor Cole¬ 
man stated he has about 150 species 
from these beds. In conclusion, the 
sneaker showed that with a climate 
similar to that of Iowa there must 
have been a. great removal of Ice far 
to the north which would necessitate 
a long interval between the glacial 

The Interglacial Problem. 

The interglacial problem in the 
British Isles was treated of by G. W. 

Lamiplugh, F.R.S., who'found It impos¬ 
sible from the evidence which his long 
observations have given him that there 
had ever been any warm periods be¬ 
tween the'ice ages in the British Isles, eirur-p t[J pPy] TMAWFf! HUT 
and that the theory of interglacial ages imhv¥L.l» uui 

which was formulated In Great Brit¬ 
ain, though held formerly as practi¬ 
cally proven, does not now agree with 
the evidence. The warm temperature 
theory was propounded to explain the 
presence of some marine shells at high 
levels in sand and gravel beds Which 
were supposed to have been laid down 
while this part was submerged under 
the sea in a warm Interval- 

While declaring that he had started; - 

out with a firm belief in the theory. 

Mr. Lamplugh declared that he could of the mam, 

find no evidence of an interruption of , Jv the many interesting papers yes- 
the glacial conditions, in very y at “ le Geological Congress 

local areas, and that these are evident- none was listened to with such atten- 
ly only marginal fluctuations, rfhd de- tion as that of Prof. A. P. Coleman 
posits probably formed in small inlets of Torente t--,;,.. . ' 

temporarily. Masses of pre-existing Q n "An spoke up ~ 

shell deposits were probably swept for- T . . . ~ °~ Postglacial and 

ward over the land by the ice, Just as eiglacial Time in North America.” 
were the bowlders found in the boulder During the course of the lecture, 

Geologists Keep Cool by Discussing 
Interglacial Periods—Many Inter¬ 
esting Scientific Facts Concerning 
This Region. 


Several papers dealing with differ¬ 
ent aspects of the interglacial periods 
and in different countries, were also 
heard, including one on the postglacial 
and interglacial periods in Northern 

A second topic under discussion by 
another section of the congress was 
that of "Differentiation,” and a num¬ 
ber of important papers of a technical 
order dealing with- various phases of 
the subject of formation of rock into 

the variety of classes, and the causes 
for this differentiation, W’ere heard. 

At the morning session a paper on 
the age, dharacteristies and structure 
| of the Argentine Mountains, one on 
| the earth movements in the Malay 
! Archipelago, and a third dealing with 
the geology of Morocc <f were among 
those heard. 

Next Congress in Europe. 

An invitation from the Argentine 
Republic to hold the next congress, 
three years hence, at Buenos Ayres, 
was read to the delegates, but as meet¬ 
ings have been held twice within the 
last six years in America, the general 
opinion is that Spain or Belgium, 
which also have issued invitations, 
slhould have the next congress. 

Luncheon was served to the dele¬ 
gates at the Parliament Buildings by, 
j the Ladies’ Local Committee, who also 

served afternoon tea in the quadrangle , Q --- —* 

again yesterday. An interesting oc- the -kamplugfli criticized 

eurrence at this was an informal pres- denosits L at ! on the British drift 
entatlon to Mr. W. R. Rogers, of the fernatina nerf^? ‘5® prod ? ct of al T 
Bureau of Mines, who was in charge complete dee-lnoiatbf, gla ^ lat ‘ on , and 

of the Sudbury-Cobalt expedition, of an essential ^narf of"*V ia , bcer ! 

g-. tpflmot mail^ of Pohalt «i.ivpr , essential part of the interglacial 

a siher teapot mate ot Cobalt siUer. hypothesis as applied to Great Bri- 

which was delivered in an easy, con¬ 
versational style, adding much to its 
1 ?’ l . th J e Professor said that the 
Island had been formed by the eros¬ 
ion ot a promontory, and that the 
great process had been done from 

2 ‘° The Island has grown 

duimg the lifetime of Lake Ontario.! 

,7« weanng awa y of the Scarborough 
dirts is estimated at 1.62 feet per an- 
num, and these figures are the re- 
su ts of fifty years’ observation. From 
calculations made it is estimated that 
the ice left 2 4,000 years ago. The 
basin of Lake Ontario has been grow¬ 
ing deeper and the land has been ris- 
! ng ta tha northeast, but the opinion 
is held by Dr. Spencer that it is no 
longer moving. During the intergla¬ 
cial period the lake was several feet 
higher than the present lake. Some 
'eiy interesting slides were then 
shown of the Toronto district. At the 
Don \ alley brickyard there are shells 
some of which do not live in Lake On¬ 
tario, but farther south. Seventy-two 
species of beetles have been found, 
only two of which now exist in this 
region. The mammals bear a great 
r » e ?. emblanc ® to the mammals of the 
Aftoman period of Iowa. 

Ice-belt Round Britain. 

The paper upon the "Interglacial 
L_f rl ? d in the British Islands,” by G. 
M . Lamplugh, F.R.S. of St. Alban’s, 
England, was interesting, inasmuch 

tain- that the ice-sheets which cover¬ 
ed most of the land and filled the 
neighboring shallow sea-basins were 
melted out entirely during at least 
one warm interglacial period and re¬ 
appeared at a later stage. Mr. Lamp¬ 
lugh had re-examined parts of York¬ 
shire, the Midlands and the borders of 
North Wales, where it had been sup¬ 
posed that interglacial conditions 
were represented, but without finding 
any justification for the hypothesis. 
The conclusion reached by the scien¬ 
tist was that there was no reason for 
supposing that the Islands of Great 
Britain had been more than once en¬ 
wrapped by ice-sheets, whatever the 
case may have been in other coun¬ 

Mr. Warren Upham, D.Sc., of St. 
Paul, Minn., in a paper upon the 
"Sangamon Interglacial Stage in Min¬ 
nesota,” said that throughout the long 
glacial period of growth, culmination 
and decline of the North American 
and European ice-sheets, the climate 
responsible for this snowfall and ice 
accumulation fluctuated to such an 
extent that the boundaries of the 
continental glaciation were alternate¬ 
ly extended and checked or drawn 

Many Scientific Subjects. 

Other papers given during the day 
were as follows: 

Uber das Alter, die Verbreitung und 
die gegenseitigen Beziehungen der 
verschiedenen tektonischen Struck- 
turen in den Argentinischen Gebirgen, 
by H. Keidel, Buenos Ayres, Argen¬ 

Earth Movements in the Malay Ar¬ 
chipelago, by G. A. F. Molengraaf, 
Delft, Holland. 

La Geologie du Maroc, by L. E. 
Gentil, Paris, France. 

Petroluem on Bondoc Peninsula, 
Tayabas Province, Philippines, by W. 
E. Pratt, Manila, P. I. 

On the Old Red Sandstone Series 
of Northwestern Spitzbergen, by Olaf j 
Holtedahl, Christiania, Norway. 

The Forty-first Parallel Survey, Ar- j 
gentine, by Bailey Willis. 

Sills and Laccoliths Illustrating Pe- 
trogenesis, by R. A. Daly, Cambridge, 

Fractional Crystallization the Prime 
Factor in the Differentiation of Rock 
Magmas, by Alfred Harker, Cam¬ 
bridge, England. 

Some examples of magmatic dif¬ 
ferentiation and their bearing on the 
problem of petrographical provinces, 
by Jos. P. Iddings, Washington, U.S. 

The Volcanic Cycles in Sardinia, by 
Henry S. Washington, Washington, U. 
S. A. 

Variations in Composition of Pelitic 
Sediments in relation to magmatic 
differentiation, by Wm. H. Hobbs, 
Ann Arbor, U.S.A. 

A Classification of the Eruptive 
Rooks of Italy, by Venturino Sabatini, 
Italy. \ 

Le Commencement et la fin da la 
Periode Glaciare. by N. O. Holst, 
Jemshogsby, Sweden. i 

Glazial und Interglazial in Nord- 
deutschland, by W. Wolff, Berlin, 

Early Pleistocene Glaciation in the 
Rocky Mountains of Glacier National 
Park, Montana, by Wm. C. Alden. 

About fifty delegates to the Geo¬ 
logists’ Congress visited Hamilton this 
afternoon. They were taken to 
Grimsby where they examined fossils 
in the ravine. On their return they 
were entertained at the Hamilton Club 
to dinner. C. R. McCullough, presid¬ 
ed. Controller Morris extended a 
a cordial welcome on behalf of the 
city, and H. B. Witton proposed the 
toast to the guests, which was re¬ 
sponded to by Dr. Zeubrey, T. Tol- 
machov, A. Bigot, Prof. Cushing and 
W. A. Parks of Toronto. 


Few Geologists Endorsing Kip¬ 
ling’s Vision of Canada 


Scenes of Cordial Camaraderie 
Characterize Sittings 

Social and Scientific Blended in Gath¬ 
erings of Yesterday Afternoon — 
Presentation to “Guide” and His 
Good Wife—Night at the Island. 

"We should have the seat of Em¬ 
pire in Canada and put a Governor 
in the British Isles,” said Prof. Cad- 
man of Birmingham, Eng., yesterday 
afternoon to The Globe during a lull 
in the afternoon session of the Geo-1 
logical Congress. The speaker was I 
full of admiration for everything that! 
he had seen in the Dominion, and 
was unstinted in his praises. The ex¬ 
tent, the resources, the virility of Can¬ 
adians had impressed him immense¬ 
ly. The professor, who is engaged 
by the Admiralty as an expert in the 
matter of fuels for the navy, will 
leave immediately the Congress is 
over for India, where he will carry 
out investigations in the oil deposits. 

Mr. Bedford McNeil, the Director 
of the Institute ot Mining and Metal¬ 
lurgy, is more impressed than ever 
with "the brilliance of Canadians’’ 
since he has returned from the Por¬ 
cupine and Cobalt trip. Mr. McNeil, 
who is more interested in silver ana 
gold than anything else (“So are we 
all,” was the chorus of the little 
group), is greatly impressed with the 
north lands, although he could no: 
imagine why the silver mines follow 
the railways rather than the opposite. 
It was in this little group of bright- 
eyed men that some delightful geo¬ 
logical stories- were let looose. A pro¬ 
fessor was lecturing to a group of 
students upon different strata, and to 
illustrate he drew a number of curves 
upon the blackboard, and remarked.: 
“Gentlemen, if all these lines were 
strata-.” A burst of laughter fol¬ 

lowed from the students, and it was 
some time before the professor realiz¬ 
ed his innocent pun. 

In a little village soni* of the in¬ 
habitants started a natural history 
club and one evening a gentleman 
brought in some bones and gravely 
informed the gathering that he had 
found them in the rear of his gar¬ 
den. The village idiot, Smith, got up 
and remarked that the bones were 
those of a donkey that had been bur¬ 
ied many years ago when he owned 
the property. “I am very sorry that I 
have disturbed the family vault of 
the Smiths," was the unexpected re¬ 
joinder. And so it went on. 


ffK (00^.51. 


l Cl 

13 , 

Celebrate a Wedding. 

During the afternoon a surprise 
was sprung upon Mr. W. R. Rogers, 
who had accompanied the Cobalt- 
PorcuDine-Sudbury party as guide, 
by the presentation of a sil¬ 
ver teapot to himself and 
wife, and a bouquet of roses 
to Mrs. Rogers. Mr. Charles 
McDermott, the Secretary of the In¬ 
stitute of Mining and Metallurgy, 
London, made the presentation in a 
delightful little speech. Mr. Mc¬ 
Dermott said he had been commanded 
by Mrs. Tyrrell (and, of course, he 
couldn't refuse, even Mr. Tyrrell, had 
to obey when thus commanded) to 
present the teapot to Mr. Rogers. 

“I suppose that I have to do this 
because I was the most useless of 
the party,” said Mr. McDermott, amid 
laughter. “I have much pleasure in 
presenting this teapot to you; it is 
supposed to be made of silver,” he 
remarked amid loud laughter, "and 
1 1 trust that when Mrs. Rogers and 
yourself are having tea together it 
i will remind you of friends scattered 
| to the four corners of the earth.” 

! Mrs. Rogers was presented with a 
bouquet of roses, and Mr. Rogers 
made an appropriate speech in re¬ 

Not My Lady of the Snows. 

Some of the visitors did not bar¬ 
gain for the warm weather they have 
experienced in Canada, and some of 
them felt the weather yesterday very 
much. An Englishman clad in rather 
warm-looking clothes, carrying a rain 
coat, remarked, “Bah Jove, it's warm,” 
and everybody agreed with him. Dr. 
Tadasu Hiki of Kioto, standing in the 
corridor of the University, said that 
he had been listening all the after¬ 
noon to the discussions and had a 
headache. "But I take a tea and re¬ 
fresh,” said he with a smile. The 
ladies were much blessed yesterday 
when they brought around cold lemon 
water and refreshing tea with many 
little delicacies. 

Last night the geologists were the 
guests of the Royal Canadian Yacht 
Club and were conveyed in special 
launches to the Island. The visitors 
enjoyed themselves thoroughly and 
were delighted with the position and 
appearance of the club grounds. 

■0i l*. 

ginal fluctuations, the ice moving in- . Other papers at the general meet 
land more or less obliquely from the were given on cognate sublets 

present sea basins. He concluded by Messrs. Chamberlin (II S i l 

declaring that all evidence had not bteir >mann (Germany) Kruse hr Per’ 
vet heen fmms ti, 0 many). Hnltedom _, \ 

It Was Twenty-five Thousand 
Years Ago, Explains Prof. 

yet been found on the subject. 

Rock Production. 

The production of rocks at various 
epochs coming from the same parent 
reservoir of rock-magma, was ex¬ 
plained in a paper by Mr. Alfred 
Harker, St. John’s College, Cam¬ 
bridge, as a differentiation due to 


Toronto Island is Apparently the 
Offspring of Scarborough 

™ch n Vu.S°Al ahl ( ^' r “™“nd ia: 
J Earth Disturbances, 

mg on h th S e C tn°” al this morn- 

____ SSU KRUS 

crystallization with a lowering of slope madT h,, P ?r Pendl ? ular and the 
melting points of the subterranean gravity on th J ois power of 

liquid together with temporary local tain or Kt»£>r> ■n,„ii eS -S'* a s ^ ee P moun- 

Other papers included those of 
Messrs. Keidel, Argentine; Molengraaf, 

Holland; Gentil, Prance; Pratt, Phil- 
lipines; Holtedahl, Norway; Daly, Id- 
ding's, Washington; and Hobbs, U. 

S. A.; Sabatini, Italy; and Wolff, proDiem f rom the geological 

Berlin; the second topic for papers PJ*VtvJ vlew - Reference was made 
being the differentiation of igneous fh both papers to the landslide on 
magmas. “e Culebra Cut of the Panama Car, 

At the end of the afternoon ses- term ° Pald i mainta ^ ning that the 

not by Dahlblom coull 


sion, tea was served In the Quadrangle, 
among the visitors being Mayor Hoc- 
ken and Mrs. Hocken. In the even¬ 
ing a great many Congress delegates 
accepted the Invitation of Commodore 
.Aemilius Jarvis to spend the evening 
at the Royal Canadian Yacht Club. 

That ice covered the country about 
Lake Ontario 25,000 years ago, and 
that the lake Itself is 8,000 years 
old, were among the statements made 
by Prof. A. P. Coieman, of Toronto 
University, before the International 
Geological Congress. 

Among the number of important 
papers read at the session on the 
t A° Pic C To what extent was the Ice 
" se by interglacial periods?" 

Prof. Coleman’s was the most interest- 
mg in its reference to local condi¬ 
tions. He declared that between the 
two great ice ages on the North 
American continent, there was a long 
period in which Toronto enjoyed a 
climate as warm as Southern Ohio, 
and that it was only long after this 
period and at the end of the second 
ice age that the present topography 
of Lake Ontario came into being. 

Building Up the Island. 

The time required ,p build up To- 
ronto Island was the first step in the 
proof. Scarboro Bluffs Is worn away 
at the estimated rate of 1.62 feet per 
annum, and the sediment is still 
drifting to the west and building up 
Toronto Island. But before the Island 
due In formation to the retreat of the 
Bluffs, began its existence, a great 
promontory of 13,000 feet extended 

Victoria Point to the present 
Cliffs at Scarboro. Computing this 
subsequent retreat at 1.62 feet per 
annum, it must have taken 8,000 
years before the water began to wash 

IN, . „ « particles in the volca: 

, ^ »IQ| 3, steepness of the Slopes? where the 
____ » banks were hie-h tv» 

not In any sense beappHedto^the 
measure of the excavation deforma- 

Z^monV. the *T IveS UP - 

cleforma e tio C n Ul 'we’re Stated 6 to“£ 
enedln addiri 

enea in addition by faultinp- 
abundance of ground-water, the liquid 
f t ba i e beda ’ and the presence of chlor- 
VOIcani c Clay rocks, 
was the over- 

^ • \q i s, 



Visitors Consider That the Cana¬ 
dians Are Wonderful Or¬ 

of P ?he a mm Il % f0r the twelfth session 

rnational Geological Con- ' ' -- ^ 0 ,uvv 

gress have occupied the whole of tn~! yearS before the water began to wash 
Past year. A paid staff with the away the promontory. During the 

tary was appointed t secre- jlast 18 years 220 acres of land have 

work and thisU ^L^L^ 1 - 6 " * ^ " *“ 

da “"f r °, r tb ® c °ugress approached. 

at Ottaw h 6 ,Wh ° Ie seol °8' icaJ staff 
at Ottawa have been told off to as 

sist this staff, and are here £ 

i staff of th n j ye J sity Buildings- The | w. uunpragn, r .n..s., or st. 

ne Jntario Bureau of Mines England, read a paper on the 

is co-operating, as are many indienen interglacial problem in the British 
dent mining engineers hnth t ^ Isles. He criticized the interpreta- 
and the United States wh h* 1 <dana . da bion of the British drift deposits as 
ten guide books namnhw» Ve writ- being the product of alternating peri- 
forth. The foreign memh S ’ and Sf> ods of glaciation and complete de- 
Canadians as wondSriu resrard glaciation. 

No Congress was ever hanmIf aniZerS ' He showed that the idea had first 
scale that this one has been Thlf^ 6 been entertained to explain the pre¬ 
minion and Provincial Cnv^rr* sence of sands and gravels among the 

have recognized what older boulder clays and that it had been 

d °i not ~ the tremendous adverH^nf ( ..b*lteved that the finding of frag- 
value of the Congress to the ennn!^ mentary marine shells in many plafies 
it visits. Consequently the r-A.j, 17 had established the existence of an 
Government has co-operated S" interglacial period in Great Britain, 
heartedly with the committee and lt is now ’ boweyer > he stated, gen- 
tning has been left undone to shr,™ erally admitted that the deposits came 

representatives. WOrld ' s from ice streams and show onIy mal " 

Mapped Out to Congress by Mr. 
Charles Schuchert, of Yale 

been computed that with its present 
320,000,000 cubic yards of sand, it 
took almost 8,000 years for the Is¬ 
land formation. The figures are thus 
checked with comparative accuracy. 
The Interglacial Problem. 

Mr. G. W. Lamplugh, F.R.S., of St. 



Many of the Visitors Are Away 
on Excursions—Going to 

Important factors in the establish¬ 
ment of geological systems were dis¬ 
cussed In the various papers read this 
morning at the International Geologi¬ 
cal Congress, one of the most inter¬ 
esting being that of Mr. Charles Schu¬ 
chert, of Yale University, who dealt 
with the method in which he had 
mapped out the limitations of the 
geologic: periods in North America, 
starting with the idea of cycles of 
earth movements, sea invasion, land 
emergency and of organic evolution, 
iner eader reviewed the history of the 
Principles of geological chronology 
?n?’T la . rized the P resent methods and 
th« 1 <V ded by gtvins what he called 
i\w ne . w geological time table for 
America, ’ based on his own 
Halaeontological method. 

period<= ta ; ble ? onsists of th e list of the 
from Cambrian to 
over W \. h th ® ' OCal strata all 
ber or * CPntlnent ’ sb °wing the num- 
submfi^ ( ? ar ? miles and percentage 
suWrfod WUh the statement of the 

submerged.percentage in 1910. 

. - T — wnere the 

The st7 fl Tn e d hiSh J nd the rocks weak. 
The strained condition of the slopes 

is at present being remedied by re¬ 
ducing the steepness to a much great- 

nntT tent , than ,f the formation had 
not been loosened and weakened by 
deformative movements. In any case 
the weakest rock encountered will 
according to a carefully prepared 

ation g0Vern the sl °P e for that excav- 

Eactors in Land SUdes. 

Mr. Howe, in his paper, emphasized 
the geological factors in land slides. 
While continued blasting, earthquakes, 
frost and water-saturation were im¬ 
mediate or external causes of land¬ 
slides and sinking of ground above 
mines, the main causes were in the 
structural and physical condition of 
the rocks. If the geological condition 
is satisfactory, landslides are unlike¬ 
ly to occur merely from external dis¬ 

While the attendance at the con¬ 
ferences was good this morning, the 
absence of a great many could be ac¬ 
counted for by the fact that excur¬ 
sions had been run to Moraines, north 
of Toronto, where the party inspected 
the glacial and fluvio-glacial deposits. 
Another excursion known as B6, is 
leaving this evening for. Muskoka, not 
for geological purposes, but in order 
that the party may enjoy a pleasant 
week-end among the lakes. The ex¬ 
cursion to Madoc will return early 
Monday morning. 

Afternoon Programme. 

At 2.30 this afternoon a series of 
nine papers on miscellaneous subjects, 
economical and chemical, will he read 
and the delegates will attend at 4 
o'clock a garden party given by Mr. 
and Mrs. D. A. Dunlop in Rosedale. 
This evening Mr. Cy. Warman will 
give an illustrated lecture on Western 


Delegates. ; 

Tea for 

The Ladies’ Committee of the Geo¬ 
logical Congress was at home at tea 
in the University quadrangle yester¬ 
day afternoon when about two hun¬ 
dred people were present, among 
whom were present the Mayor of To¬ 
ronto and Mrs. Hocken and many 
distinguished people. Tea was served 
from a rose-decked table in a large 
scarlet and white marquee. A pres¬ 
entation was made to Mr. W. R. Rog¬ 
ers, who personally conducted the 
party to Cobalt, and the beautiful sil¬ 
ver tea pot presented by Mrs. J. B. 
Tyrrell was an appreciation of the 
trouble he had taken for the party in 
his charge. The tea pot was suitably 
inscribed, and a bouquet of pink roses 
was given to Mrs. Rogers at the same 
time. The girls assisting at the tea 
were Miss Mary McLennan, of Strat¬ 
ford; Miss Gibson, Miss Moffatt, Miss 
Nairn, Miss Reid, Miss Arnoldi, Miss 
M. Arnoldi, Ottawa; Miss Squair and 
Miss Tyrrell. In the evening a great 
many of the members of the Congress 
went to the band concert at the Yacht 
Club on the invitation of the Com¬ 
modore, Mr. Aemilius Jarvis. 


f<Vi, . Oj ^ ( Cj i 3 



Japanese Delegate WiH Not Dis- 
the California 


Building Battleships in Japan 
Has Developed Many 

Wj.Qp \ Cy 'b. 

Geological Congress Tea 

The Ladies’ Committee of the Inter¬ 
national Geological Congress enter¬ 
tained about two hundred guests at a 
tea in the University quadrangle yes¬ 
terday afternoon. Tea was served 
from a tea table, arranged with roses, 
on a large scarlet and white marquee 
on the lawn. During the afternoon, a 
suitably inscribed silver teapot was 
presented to Mr. W. R. Rogers, who 
personally conducted the party to Co¬ 
balt, and a bouquet, of pink roses to 
Mrs. Rogers. The presentations were 
made by Mrs. J. B. Tyrrell. 

The assistants at tea included Miss 
Mary McLennan, Stratford, Miss Gib¬ 
son. Miss Moffatt, Miss Reid, Miss 
Nairn, Miss Arnoldi, Miss M. Arnoldi, 
Ottawa, Miss Squair, and Miss Tyrrell. 

In the evening a large number of 
the congress members were guests of 
Mr. Aemilius Jarvis, Commodore of 
the Yacht Club, a.t the Band concert. 

Geological Congress Luncheon 

The ladies’ committee of the 12th 
International Geological Congress were 
the hosts of a, most enjoyable luncheon 
yesterday. The guests were received 
by Mrs. Adams, Miss F. B. Tyrell, and 
Miss Coleman, at teh entrance to the 
Speaker’s chambers. Luncheon was 
served in the members’ diningroom 
upstairs, the long tables being grace¬ 
fully arranged with pink Killarney 
roses, and ferns in silver vases. Seat¬ 
ed at the table at the top of the 
room were Lady Aylesworth, Mrs. A- 
Meredith, Mrs. Hocken. Mrs- Strahan, 
Mrs. Bedford McNeil. Mrs. Kemp, Lady 
McRoberts, Mrs. Winchell, Miss Grut- 
tcrink. Miss F. Bascom, Mrs. Charl¬ 
ton, Mrs. Ferinor, Mrs. Whitman 
Cross, Mrs. F. Adams, Mrs Coleman, 
Mrs. Arnoldi, Mrs. Tyrrell, Miss Freeh. 
After the luncheon speeches were giv¬ 
en by Mrs. Adams, Mrs. Tyrrell, and 
Mrs. Strahan. Mrs. Adams was wear¬ 
ing pearl grey silk, with real lace, and 
black and cherry hat- Mrs. Tyrrell was 
in royal bl.ue and white with large 
hat, flower wreathed; and Mrs- Stra- 
har. was wearing peacock blue silk 
with lace scarf and rose toque. 

After the luncheon, a group photo¬ 
graph was taken on the steps of the 
Parliament buildings. j 

Mrs. David Dunlap is giving a gar¬ 
den party this afternoon in honor of 
the International Geological Congress. I 

S. Kozu, delegate from the Depart¬ 
ment of Education in the Imperial Uni¬ 
versity at Tokio, Japan, refused to be 
drawn into any discussion of the Ja¬ 
panese land question in California, 
through which State he passed on his 
way to Washington and Montreal be¬ 
fore coming here. 

"It is just a question of morality,’’ 
he said, “a question of doing or not 
doing the right thing. "That is all- I 
know about that.” 

“What are your impressions of wha/t 
you have seen of Canada?” 

“Well, I notice when I am up north 
with the excursion that the trees and 
grasses are much like those we have 
in Japan, especially the little white 
birch trees. But the outcropping 
rocks were so different. They were 
all new to me. I was most greatly in¬ 
terested to learn of them.” 

Studying Volcanoes. 

“How long will you be away from 
Japan ?” 

“Three years,” with a suggestion of a 
sigh, “I spend the rest of this year 
in United States and then go on to 
Europe. I am studying volcanic rocks, 
lou see, we have many volcanoes in 

“May what you learn have any 
practical bearing on practical things 
in Japan?” 

“Oh, no. I am interested only from 
the petrological point of view.” 

Cost Of Living Increasing. 

“What about the cost of living in 
your ctountry?” asked The Star. “We 
understand that conditions are such 
that your employers of labor have not 
now the same’ advantage in cheap la¬ 
bor that they had formerly, and that 
costs of production in Japan, aside 
from raw material costs, are becoming 
more nearly like costs in Europe and 

“I do not know for sure,” replied 
Mr. Kozu, “but I think you are right. 
The cost of living has indeed risen in 
my country ever since the Japanese- 
Russian war. From the time the war 
ended the cost of labor has been high¬ 
er, and rising slowly, but steadily. 
The cost of rice, and the fee for 
houses has gone up. We have to pay 
for more fighting men and more bat¬ 
tleships.” , 

“You can still produce certain lines 
of goods cheaper than we can.” 

“Yes. But it grows, more expen¬ 

Building Battleships. 

“How long has it taken your coun¬ 
try to Jearn to build her own battle¬ 

“How long? Oh yes! Why we built 
our own first battleship of steel about 
—about forty years ago. Of course it 

may not have been a very good one 
but we have been learning. We have 
now two big docks for battleships, be¬ 
sides a great many for commercial 
ships- We build our own vessels ex¬ 
cept some which we have not room 
ourselves to build.” 

"What effect has the building of 
your navy at home had upon your in¬ 

“Oh that has been a good effect- It 
has perhaps made labor higher and of 
course it adds to our taxes. But then 
we spend the money in Japan and so 
it is not really lost. The steel business 
in my country has grown and, with 
it have grown other related industries 
owing to the spending of such large 
sums on ships built in Japan. 

An Educational Course. 

Mr. Kozu described the educational 
course through which he had passed. 
He entered the compulsory State 
Primary school at seven, and studied 
there for six years, being taught read¬ 
ing, writing, geography, music, flow¬ 
er-work, elementary physics, and 
chemistry, and physical exercises. At 
thirteen he entered the usual 5-year 
course in the “Middle” school. At 18 
he entered the 3-year course at “High” 
school. At 21 he began his four years 
at the University at Tokio, and then 
took 5 years more of post graduate 
work- A total of 23 years at school. • 


Visiting Mining Engineers Sur 
prised That Dr. Haanel’s 
Process Is Not Used. 


Ores, Market, and Water-Powei 
Here, But are Not 

“You may not use my name,” said 
a certain European geologist and 
practical metallurgist to The Star, "but 
you may say that Swedish, German, 
and French engineers and mining men 
are surprised to find in Canada no 
traces of electric smelting—a process 
which Canada practically introduced 
to the world, thanks to the researches 
of certain of her scientists. 

Haanel’s Experiments. 

“It was a Canadian, Dr. Eugene I 
Haanel, director of your Geological 
Survey at Ottawa, who conducted the 
experiments and made the reports 
upon which tne European engineers 
afterward based their electric smelting 
practice. Largely owing to your Dr. 
Haanel the refractory iron ore de¬ 
posits of Switzerland have been made 
commercially valuable—just as your 
refractory ores in Central Canada 
would be if you had electric smelters. 
Since Dr. Haanel’s report 160 electric 
furnaces have been constructed and 
are in operation in Switzerland. Yet 
Canada, which seems in all other 
things so progressive, lags behind.” 

Ontario Ores Not Used. 

Geologists explain that the magne¬ 
tite ores so far discovered in Ontario 
and Quebec are for the most part so 
sulphurous that they cannot be treat¬ 
ed successfully in the blast furnace. 
Consequently the vast quantities of 
iron ore which Ontario possesses lie 
unused. The electric furnace is the 

one and only means of treating this 
sulphurous matter. In order to prove 
that an elsetric furnace could be de¬ 
signed which would smelt the ore at 
a commercially sound cost of produc¬ 
tion, Dr. Haanel secured an appro¬ 
priation from the Ontario Parliament 
and carried on extensive experiments 
at Sault Ste. Marie. 

Ontario’s Opportunity. 

“His reports on these experiments,” 
said the geologist, “were eagerly read 
by European scientists, with the re- : 
suits above mentioned. Yet to-day, 
despite the market waiting, the ore at 
hand and the unbounded water power 
at hand to develop the electricity, 
Canada, the pioneer in electric fur¬ 
nace treatment of refractory ores, has 
not one.” 


Delegates Use Different Lan¬ 
guages With Cheerful 


Member of the Executive Staff 
Breaks Down From 

The male delegates to the Ge<v 
logical Congress spread into threa 
centres at lunch time. One group 
dines at the University residence, ny 
at Annesley Hall, and one at Con¬ 
vocation Hall. 

Proceedings take place in threa 
languages, used with cheerful abandon. 
A bearded gentleman, who is engaged 
in research work upon the petroleum 
fields of Russia, will talk learnedly 
in French. A tall lean Scotshman 
will ask questions in what be con¬ 
siders English. A geological engineer 
from Chili will take up the discus¬ 
sion hi Cerman, and throughout it 
all the three little Jap experts listen 
with grave attention and take notes. 
They are citizens of the world, despite 
their very evident race and nativity. 

“This morning’s program dealt with 
new explorations,” explained General 
Secretary Brock. “This afternoon’s 
program is divided into two sections. 
The first one deals with foreign mat¬ 
ter found in the Igneous magmas. This 
is of great technical interest, and 
of considerable economic importance, 
as it deals with those phenomena 
with which are associated the location 
of valuable minerals. Igneous mag¬ 
mas are of course the once molten 
rock mass comprising the original 
crust of the earth. Foreign sub¬ 
stances found in this magmas are often 
of mineralogical interest^ and of 
value to the world." 

Mr. P. M. Roy of the secretarial 
staff came up from Montreal, but haa 
not been able to report for duty. He 
has been very hard at work for the 
past month since the Congress has 
been in Canada, and on arriving in 
Toronto, took sick and broke down. 


3 . 


m ip.r bee 

Geologist Recalls Story of Old 
Continent Beyond Pillars 
of Hercules. 


May Explain Many Mysterious 
Disappearances of Ships 
on the Atlantic. 

The report of a derelict on the spot 
where the Titanic is judged to have 
gone down interests some of the geol¬ 

“It recalls the old story of Atlantis— 
the legend that Pliny preserves—-a 
continent upon which civilization had 
developed but which was submerged 
by the Atlantic Ocean. In the early 
days of the semi-historical period 
ruins of cities were supposed to have 
been visible in the sea below the sur¬ 
face some distance outside the Pillars 
of Hercaies. 

A Geological Probability. 

There is a certain substance of geo¬ 
logical probability in the Atlantis 
fable. We know that there is a great 
pi atqan in the Atlantic, raised far 
above wbat appears to be the normal 
bed of tbe ocean. It is possible that 
Atlantis was a continent truly enough 
at one period. Land has been rising 
above and below sea level ever since 
geological history began. . There is 
nothing unreconcilable about the 
Atlantis legend and science. 

Tbe Mysterious Derelict. 

“And now comes this report of a 
stationary derelict where the Titanic 
sank. The reports say that the wreck¬ 
age appeared as the bow of a vessel 
pointing upwards, and fixed as though 
moored by her cable to a rock in the 
bed of the ocean. It is not impossible 
that a shallow spot exists in the At¬ 
lantic at that place. A mountain peak 
[of Atlantis which has escaped the 
charts, and which has caused many a 
mysterious disappearance on the At¬ 

A Submerged Peak. 

“It would not necessarily mean that 
the rock was so near the surface that 
ships would strike in passing over. 
But icebergs might catch there and 
hold until they melted free and drift¬ 
ed on south. The Titanic struck ice, 
broke in two, and sank, bow up. It is 
not known whether her anchors were 
put out or not. But it is interesting 
to speculate whether this derelict 
which reports say seems to be the bow 
of a ship pointing up, with a year's 
growth of seaweeds clinging to it, may 
not be the bow of the Titanic freed 
from the engines and other gear which 
sunk it, rising from the dead to the 
surface of the sea by reason of its 
air-tight chambers, which remained 
intact, and clinging to a submerged 

peak of lost Atlantis. That is imag¬ 
ination for you,” laughed the scien¬ 
tist. “Geology is not without ro¬ 
mance, you know.” 


A Party of Geologists Off to 
the Popular Summer 



Others to Examine Fluvio-Glacial 
Deposits of North 



To-day the Geological Congress are 
Indulging in week-end geological ex¬ 
cursions. The first one was local. At 

9.30 a party of about 30 left 'on the 
Metropolitan cars to visit the glacial 
and fluvio-glacial deposits to the 
north of the city. Eain could not 
dampen the ardor of a single leading 
geologist “Rain or shine” is the ex¬ 
cursion motto of the congress. When 
the strenuous open-air life of a 
prospecting geologist in the uncivil¬ 
ized places of the earth is consider¬ 
ed, it would be surprising indeed in a 
summer shower should keep their 
congress under cover, when an excur¬ 
sion to see such interesting geological 
phenomena as the glacial clay, and 
boulders of Muddy York and its en¬ 
virons is planned. Some of these 
men have come all the way round the 
world to take part in this program. 
Rain will not stop them now. 

Off to Muskoka. 

At 11.50 to-night about 60 ladies and 
gentlemen of Europe, Asia, Africa, 
Oceania, and North and South Am¬ 
erica go aboard the Muskoka Night 
Express ,and retire into the luxurious 
Pullman berths. At C.16 to-morrow 
morning they may wake up and look 
out at Muskoka Wharf and the lum¬ 
ber piles. Leaving by steamer at " 
o’clock Sunday morning the party 
breakfasts on board and goes sailing 
up the famous Muskoka Lakes, tc 
which tourists come from afar every 
summer. Muskoka is now at the very 
height of its season, and the geologists 
will see the way we live in Canada in 
holiday time, under the best auspices. 
The day will be spent cruising through 
Lakes Rosseau and Joseph. The party 
may catch the train for Toronto at) 
1.30, getting back at 13-60 p.m. Sunday 
night, or stay over and come home 

Discussing Fossils. 

The business program of the con¬ 
gress to-day began at 9 a~m. with the 
usual council meeting. The general! 
meeting opened at 10 o’clock in the 
Physics Building, the topic of discus¬ 
sion for the morning being “The 
Physical and Faunal Characteristics 
of the Palaeozoic Seas, with reference 
to the value of the recurrence of seas 
in establishing geological systems.” 
The idea of this discussion was to 
determine more clearly how to recog¬ 
nize different layers in the world s 
rock by' the fossils found between. 
This subject is being continued this 
afternobn in the Thermo-dynamics 

K garden party invitation is ex¬ 
tended to the Congress by Mrs. David 
A Dunlap at 93 Plighlands avenue, 
Rosedale, for 4 o’clock this afternoon. 

The Glacial Summer. 

That there was a period of warm 
■weather during the glacial period was 
the text of several of the papers read 
before the Geological Congress yes¬ 
terday afternoon. The “Sangamon” 

The geologists had an inte resting time assembling their bagg age at the University buildings. 

period is the term applied to this 
warm inter-glacial season by geologi¬ 
cal students of the Middle Western 
States, where the traces of the begin¬ 
ning and the end of the interglacial 
summer are well marked. The States 
of Nebraska and Minnesota, Kansas, 
and Illinois, were mentioned particu¬ 
larly as showing moraines, where 
the glacial drifts had advanced and 
receded. The period of the first gla¬ 
ciers was set at 240,000 years ago, and 
of the last at from 40,000 to 25,000 
years ago. This Sangamon period of 
the Middle 'West was said to apply 
very probably to the district about 
Toronto and Lake Ontario. 

(XwvCL Q\- . 


Sir Thomas Holland of Man¬ 
chester Was Born in 


New Zealand and the States 
Have Representatives Who 
"Come Back Here. 

Canadians, educated for the most 
part in Toronto or McGill, have gone 
abroad, made their mark in the min¬ 
ing world, in the universities and geo¬ 
logical departments of foreign Govern¬ 
ments, and have been ap'pointed as re-, 
presentatives of their adopted coun¬ 
tries to the present Geological Congress 
in this country of their nativity, suen 
cases are not many, but they are none 
| the less interesting. 

Sir Thomas a Canadian. 

Sir Thomas Holland, delegate of the 
Manchester Literary and Philosophical 
Society, is a Canadian. Sir Thomas, 

though bom in this country", was edu¬ 
cated in England. He has been direc¬ 
tor of the Geological Survey of India, 
but is now a professor in Manchester. 
He is a delegate representing also of 
the Institution of Mining and Metal¬ 
lurgy, London, of the Institute of 
Mining Engineers, London, and of the 
Asiatic Society of Bengal, Calcutta. 

An Almonte Delegate. 

Dr. Bell is a name familiar to On¬ 
tario surveyors. He made the early 
maps of the New Ontario rivens and 
canoe routes for the Dominion Govern¬ 
ment. They have been the basis of the 
exploration work oarried on since by 
the Provincial Survey branch. His 
nephew, Dr. James M. Beil, is the dele¬ 
gate from the Wellington Philosophical 
Society, Wellington, New Zealand. Dr. 
Bell’s “home” address is “Old Bum- 
side,” Almonte, Ontario. But now¬ 
adays he is the State geologist of New 

Dr. J. E. Wolff, of the university 
museum. Cambridge, Massachusetts, 
is the delegate for Harvard University. 
He is a Canadian, bom, and bred, be¬ 
ing at one time a High school boy in 

And There Are Others. 

Dr. Andrew C. Lawson represents 
the University of California, and the 
Le Conte Club, Berkley, California 
) Once Dr. Lawson was very much at 
home in the halls of Toronto Univer¬ 
sity’s beautiful Norman building, and 
the less beautiful ones of the old 
School of Science. Toronto University 

is his Alma Mater. 

George F. Kay' is the State Geolo¬ 
gist of Iowa, U. S. A. now, and comes 
here as a delegate in that capacity. 
But he was a student at Toronto Uni¬ 
versity once, and graduated from 

George N. Morang is a Canadian, 
but he represents the Government of 
Guatemala at this congress. 

H. Hickson, of Mexico, who sent a 
paper of technical interest for presen¬ 
tation to the congtress, is another 
member who is known in Canada. He 
is not Canadian-born, but he was 
engaged as metallugist for some years 
by the Canadian Copper Company at 
Copper Ciiff, near Sudbury. 

S. G. Lloyd of the University of Al¬ 
bany, assistant professor of chemis¬ 
try, graduated at Toronto. He is here 
at the congress as a delegate. 

Elwood S. Moore, professor of geo¬ 
logy at State College, Pennsyvania, 
is another Toronto graduate present. 

Consular Agent a Delegate. 

George N. Morang, the Toronto pub¬ 
lisher, is te consular agent for 
guatamala, the little Central American 
Republic, which has also appointed 
him as its delegate to this congress. 

Another Canadian member of the 
congres is James Douglas, the mul¬ 
ti millionaire of Arizona. He representc 
the American Institution of Mining 
Engineers, but he graduated at 
Queen’s University, Kingston, to 
which and to McGill University, of 
Montreal, he has made large dona¬ 

J. B. Porter, who is professor of min¬ 
ing engineering at McGill University, 
represents the Mining Engineers of 
London, England. 

R. W. Brock, the general secretary' 
of the congress, is the director of the 
Canadian Geological Survey, Ottawa 
He is the appointed delegate to this 
congress of the Naturalist Society, 
Naples, Italy. 

Dr. J. M. Clarke, of Albany, head of 
the Geological Survey of New York 
State, and director of the State’s De¬ 
partment of Education, was once a 
member of the Canadian Geological 
Survey. He still belongs to the Royal 
Society' of Canada, 

Dr. R. A. Daly, who comes from 
Harvard, graduated from Victoria 
University, in Cobourg, the year before 
the college was moved to Toronto. Dr. 
Daly’s chief work has been a geologi¬ 
cal survey of the 49th parallel, the 
boundary' line between Canada and 
the United States. 

D. F. Macdonald, the geologist of the 
Panama Canal Commission and their 
delegate to the congress, is a. graduate 
of Washington University, but a na¬ 
tive of Nova Scotia. 

Dr. Adams of Montreal, the presi¬ 
dent of the society, represents as de¬ 
legate to the congress the Royal So¬ 
ciety of London, in addition to his Can¬ 
adian affiliations. 

Dr. W. L. Goodwin, director of the 
School of Mines, Kingston, represents 
the Institution of Mining Engineers. 

[Wj.cj* tcj 


yf&A. Op Ml 


Their Knowledge Is of Rocks, Not Human Nature, and Their 
Greatest Problems are Bewildering to the Lay Mind. 

The layman, the man who knows 
nothing about geology, finds himself 
in a strange world when he ventures 
among the restless crowd of geolo¬ 
gists. Their interests are different, of 
course. Their language is different — 
even that of the English-speaking, and 
their ways of regarding life and the 
world are different. They are not 
purely academic; there is a tinge of 
the engineer’s intense practicality 
about them. They are not merely 
( techical. They are human qnough for 
jokes and friendships, but they live in 
a world apart, like a brotherhood of 
old priests; they have their sacred in¬ 

In fact this geology seems to be 
more or less of a religion. Men make 
sacrifices for it, and spend their ives 
in its service. They have a literature 
of heroes—of whom the laymaa has 
never heard, and never will hear, per¬ 
haps. Their God is knowledge, and 
they serve him with hammer and tome 
and knapsack—and life. 

Ignorant of Human Nature. 

One is especially impressed with the 
simplicity of most of these men in re¬ 
gard to ordinary affairs of life. They 
understand rocks, but are fairly ig 
norant of human nature. They could 
expose a fake mining proposition—if 
they saw the property—but you could 
very likely sell them stock in a fake 
patent medicine scheme. They are 
intensely knowing in their own spe¬ 
cialty, but beyond that they are as 
little children. Even another branch 
of their own profession does not al¬ 
ways interest them. The specialist on 
precious metals is at sea when the dis¬ 
cussion turns on coal or iron ore. The 
economic geologist, as the mining man 
is called, knows little about the more 
abstract work of the profession. 
Geology is seemingly so great a sub¬ 
ject that armies of intelligent men 
could be poured into it, and each 
single army absorbed in the effort to 
break down some one problem out of 
the thousands of problems which the 
study offers. 

No Bluff and Exaggeration. 

The absence of bluff and exaggera¬ 
tion among these men is at once ap¬ 
parent, and in contrast with the 
greater part of the business world. To 
these men life is too short for fak¬ 
ing. for over-reaching, for “four- 
flushing.” Science soon finds out the 
bluffer for it is an inexorable master, 
and even so small a thing as one in¬ 
accuracy, one token of weakness or 
incompetence, is rewarded with ig¬ 
nominy. The men whose names have 
endured in this scientific world must 
Indeed be men. They get credit only 
for the irreducible minimum they 
have produced. Their’s is no false halo. 

Professor Kraus. 

“kook here,” said a Canadian geo¬ 
logist to a reporter, “there’s a man 
you ought to write about—Kraus over 
there, Professor of Mineralogy in the 
Michigan State University at Ann Ar¬ 
bor. He’s one of the ablest mineral¬ 
ogists in the world.” 

“What has he done?” 

“Done? He has produced a great 
deal of original work.” * 

“Rut what kind of original work? 
What was there about it that makes 
him so remarkable a man?” 

“Ach!”—there is German in this 
certain Canadian—“Do you not under¬ 
stand! Research! Experiments! Ob¬ 

“But what has he proven or dis- 
proven? How has he added to the sum 
of useful knowledge in the world?” 

“How can we tell it is useful yet? 
He is a great worker no less.” 

"But for example, can you explain 
to the layman any one thing that 
Professor Kraus has done—that I can 
put in words?” 

A Mystifying Subject. 

“Well—let me see. He is to-day 
working on a very big subject—a 
great thing. He is studying the 
change of the angles of crystals un¬ 
der the influence of heat.” 


“The change of the angles of crys¬ 
tals under the influence of heat—you 
see—the behaviour of the—” 

The reporter wrote the words care¬ 

“And what application might that 
have to everyday life?” 



"No. None. Tou see, the informa¬ 
tion he secures may never be of any 
use, but then again it may. We can’t 
exactly tell at present, and at all events 
it is a big question that must be clear¬ 
ed up so he—Kraus—is doing it.” 

Later The Star met Prof. Kraus. 

“Would you speak about your work?" 
asked the reporter. 

“I think not, thank you,” with just! 
a tinge of coldness. 

"What can we say that it is?” 

“Oh—if you must say anything— 
just say it is the behaviour of the 
optical properties of crystals under 
• temperature-” 

“Dot’s it!” chimed in the German- 
Canadian geologist “But get it right: 
It is the—” 

What can a layman do but marvel? 

An Authority on Ores. 

Professor Krusch, of the University j 
of Berlin, is the author, in connection I 
with Vogt and Beischlag, of a work on 
ore deposits which is said to be the 
ablest ever written. • “What use is 
that?” asks the lay mind. Just this 
much. This work describes most of 
the great ore deposits in the world 
and the associated rocks. This know¬ 
ledge would never in the world be of 
use to a layman because he would not 
know one kind of rock from another, 
but it tells the mining man that when 
he sees certain rocks in certain con¬ 
ditions he may find certain kinds of 
ore in that region. 

Professor Krusch has also written a 
work on “The E-valuation of Ore De¬ 
posits,” that means, where a body of 
ore has been discovered, the e-valua- 
tor can form some idea of its depth 
and extent underground by reading the 
signs of the rock formation and by the 
use of scientific instruments for the 
purpose. Prof. Krusch is a pleasant- 
spoken man of forty or thereabout. 
He speaks English fluently—but re¬ 
fuses to be quoted. 

Work Their Recreation. 

“What sport, what recreation, have 
any of these men?” asked The Star of 
‘one geologist 

“None. Their slport and recreation is 
their work. They have no hobbies but 
.their study. Some, of course, are ex- 

essor Dahlblom of Falun, Swed¬ 
en, has specialized to some extent on a 
curious little instrument called yhe 
magnetometer. He has designed a 
pocket magnetometer, which mining 
men say is of great service. 

This complicated thought apparently 
simple device is used to determine the 
depth below the surface of ore bodies. 
That is to say: suppose there are 
.showing of magnetite ore in one 
•field and other showings half a mile 
away . Without this instrument or ex¬ 
cavations, no one can even guess 
whether the earth between the two out¬ 
croppings conceals a solid body of 
ore, or how deep through such a body 
might be. But the magnetometer re¬ 
sponds to the magnetic influence of the 
ore in a corresponding degree to the 
depth of the ore. The greater the 
depth, the greater the magnetic influ¬ 
ence. The instrument betrays iron 
under a ploughed field and shows en¬ 
gineers which way new ore bodies lie. 
It requires skitled men to use it, and 
make the calculations. 

>plorers, but that is work, not play. 

They are nothing but geologists. They j 
are constant servants of their science." ! 

'WulJL^ - hxuft- <\ - * £) 

l 3 



c5«)Wi.0aw.. ICji5. 



Easy Course In Evolution is Provided 

for Beginners in the New Museum— 

Among the Broadbrows. 

You can get all the members of the 
Geological Congress in the meetings 
for part of the time, and part of them 
for all the time, but unless they were 
asleep you certainly couldn’t get all 
of them for all the time. There were 
three fallen badly from geological 
grace this morning, and they sat in 
the second row from the back and 
looked at picture post cards while the 
enthusiastic French lecturer waved his 
wand to and fro over the map. The 
map looked like three very long lay¬ 
ers of raspberry pie with cream on 
top. As the lecturer evidently could 
speak French, German and English he 
had an accent so opaque that every 
once in a while you would make a bet 
with yourself as to which of the three 
he really was using. 


Our respect for the magnitude of the 
human brain has dwindled at times, 
but never again. Rows and rows of 
men sat silently in the Physics build¬ 
ing this morning and understood all 
the man with the pointer said to them. 
They must have understood, because 
at one point when he closed the book 
from which he had been reading, they 
applauded vehemently. The things on 
the map evidently represented the 
sheets with which the earth is covered. 
He mentioned the word sheet as much 
as eleven times and each time pointed 
to a different spot on the pie. He spoke 
of sediments and bases of limestone 
and strata, but he read most of it very 
rapidly, so the laity had a very poor 
show and counted the number of bald 
men in the front row and wondered 
amazedly at the size of the heads of 
some of these scientists. Now and 
again the silence was broken by some 
one suddenly remembering a man he 
was to meet in Building 25 at this 
time precisely. He would rise hurrie- 
ly and tiptoe out with the anxious ex¬ 
pression of one who had just been 
having the time of his life and hated 
like sin to go out, but he couldn't keep 
the other fellow' waiting. 

After listening for some twenty min¬ 
utes, we heard him say “Now we come 
to the Glacial Period, 10,001 B. C.” We 
were getting on, of course, but in the 
interests of our job we thought it 
wiser to leave and call bank some time 
later to see how things were coming 
along. It makes one feel fearfully old 
somehow', but then outside in the 
campus W'ere little blades of young 
green grass still coming up and not 
yet turned to stone. 


They are a most modest and intent 
aggregation of men, these deep fore¬ 
headed geologists. They won’t talk 
unless they have something to say, and 
they don’t want to waste the things 
they have to say on people who would¬ 
n’t know a Stromatoporoid from a 
piece of 1913 paving stone. We took 
our lives in our hands and stopped a 
gigantic German scientist who was 
coming full steam ahead over the 
campus in the direction of the lecture. 
He was the real thing in brain power. 
His head was mighty and looked as if 
it could learn and learn forever with¬ 
out ever getting a headache. We knew' 
he was beading straight for the front 
row' never to leave it until the last 
pearl of wisdom had fallen. 

"Have you met the Turkish visitor 
•who is expected?” w-e quavered. 

"No I have not.” 

Interval of embarrassed silence. 

“This is your first visit to Canada 
is it not?” 

"Jah, it is.” 

"I suppose you haven’t formed any 
extensive impressions of it yet?” 

“It is w'arm.” 

“Are you joining any of the excur,.. 
Eions after the Congress?” 

“I’m going to Alaska.” 

"Well, there are lots of volcanoes 
up there. There’s a new one just 
opened up business recently we hear— 

“Jah. I thank you. Good morn¬ 
ing,” and the big professor was gone. 


The best place to catch them is on 
the top floor of the new museum on 
Bloor street. Here you have them 
in their own atmospheric setting and 
they blossom forth cordially. It is 
much easier to follow than a lecture 
too, for the average intellect. You 
go out to the furthest end of the east 
gallery and see little black specks on 
white cards and you are off on your 
journey of evolution. These little pin 
points of soot are Orbulina Universala, 
but w'e aren’t just sure if they’re the 
first of man there was or not. You 
can see the pin heads blossom out 
into stones with wrinkles on top. 
Then the stones have holes in and 
way up towards the end they have 
backbones buried in them. After 
that it’s a mere matter of time to 
long bipeds in hobble skirts and 
others in tan button oxfords. 

“That thing looks like a porcupine, 
doesn’t it?” we asked our guide. 

“That’s a platecarpus coryphaeus,” 
was the stern answer. What a mar¬ 
vellous thing is the English language. 



Another Geological Solution for Their 

Existence—Will be Visited by Con¬ 
ference Next Week. 

Niagara Falls, the baby w'onder of 
the North American continent, is to 
be visited and studied by the geolo¬ 
gists during the early paft of next 

"Is it true that the Falls are the 
youngest geological wonder w'e have?” 
one of these visitors was asked by The 

"Yes,” he replied, "they date from 
after the Ice Age and are probably but 
ten thousand years old.” Ten or fif¬ 
teen thousand years in the study of 
Geology is Just a Saturday afternoon 
stroll; but th-e story of the formation upper lakes 
of the Falls, as told by the rocks is 
very interesting. 


Many thousands of years ago a great 
ice barrier left its icy, Arctic home 
and swept down over this continent 
as far as the present state of Ohio. 

When this great wall of frozen Arctic 
snow and ice*, reached what we now 
know as the Great Lakes they did not 
present the broad expanse that we 
boast of to-day. 

This great chisel of nature, however, 
was to form many new water courses 
and lakes, and when the glacier past 
the lakes they were gouged out to tre 

mendous depths and buried. 

J ' ear the torrent of water has cut its 

Lake Ontario was a magnificent 
stretch of water, probably one of the 
best in the chain of lakes. Pride goes 
before a fall, however, and soon the 
tremendous level of Ontario was to 
fall and Erie/was to expand in all dir 


The valleys of the St. Lawrence and 
the Ottawa were choked with ice and 
the waters of old Lake Ontario sought 
an outlet through the valley of the 
Mohawk, down the Hudson River to 
the sea. Scarboro’ Bluffs and Wells 
Hill were beaches on the north shore 
of this grand old lake while the wa¬ 
ters came right to the top of the Ham¬ 
ilton Mountain and Queenston 
Heights on the south shore. Away 
into the present State of New York 
the water stretched and the old bar¬ 
rier extending east from Lewiston 
marks its southern limit. 

There was no Lake St. Clair and the 
waters of Lake Michigan, Superior 
and Huron did not gain entrance to 
Lake Erie, but escaped by way Qf the 
Valley of the Trent to the sea. 

A limp little stream flowed down 
from old Lake Erie and entered Lake 
Ontario just back of the village of 

Such then was the picture of these 
wonderful inland seas after the ice 1 



But the old earth was restless, every 
now and again great mud shifts would 
occur. Sometimes they would fill up 
small lakes and valleys and sometimes 
they would even close rivers. 

Century after century of the sun's 1 
rays beating down on the ice choked 
St. Lawrence made an impression. Af¬ 
ter a time the waters of old Lake On¬ 
tario trickled over the ice and the 
scene changed. 

This little stream was the infant St. 
Lawrence. Year by year it grew until 
it lowered the lake level and the wa¬ 
ters no longer sought the sea via the 
Hudson. Each year the waters fell 
until the old shores of Lake Ontario 
were left far inland. The little stream 
from old Lake Erie increased slightly 
in violence and its course may he 
traced from the present Niagara whirl¬ 
pool. This is the course it took when 
it entered Lake Ontario before the 
birth of Niagara Fails., 


All these changes took thousands of 
years to complete. The formation of 
Niagara Falls was but the twinkling of 
an eye. 

A great mud drift closed the Valley 
of the Trent and thus cut off the old 
way of escape for the waters of the 
Foot by foot the levels 
of these lakes increased until the pent 
up water followed the course of all 
pent up water. It burst through the 

Down it dashed toward little Lake 
Erie, forming Lake and River St. Clair 
in its mad rush. There was no room 
for the frenzied torrent in Lake Erie. 
The water spread out over all the flat 
country and kept rising. Lake Erie, 
under the awful pressure, allowed the 
gathering waters to rush toward the 
north. Not by the old channel, how¬ 
ever, but by the new. 

On the mad wall of water rushed 
until it reached the cliff at Queens¬ 
ton. Here it tumbled down and 
Niagara Falls was formed. Year after 

the intruder back year by year. When 
the Great Lakes were passed on the 
northward journey these vast pits were 
left filled with masses of ice. 

Poor Lake Erie was not dealt kind¬ 
ly with in this lake manufacture for 
it was left a puny little pond that did 
not extend much further eastward 
than the present city of Buffalo. 

cnannei oaca from Queenston until 
the present location has been reached 
and the geologists tell us that two 
thousand^ more years will be consum¬ 
ed ere the Falls reach Lake Erie. 

This is hut one of the many interest¬ 
ing stories carried about by the Geolo¬ 
gists. They are not all musty old scien¬ 
tists as many persons suppose. 



Ice Left This Part of Continent 25,000 

Years Ago—Got a Little Left—Social 

Side of Congress. 

“Full steam ahead!” appeared to 
be the slogan at the Geological Con¬ 
gress yesterday, and a mountain of 
work was removed, without faith- 
geologists apparently believing in the 
efficacy of works. The feature of the 
afternoon session was a paper by Prof. 
A. P. Coleman, of Toronto University, 
who spoke on “An Estimate of Post¬ 
glacial and Inter-glacial Time in North 
America.-” Toronto Island, he said, 
had been formed by thef erosion of a 
Scarboro promontory. It had grown 
during the lifetime of Lake Ontario. 


The wearing away of the Scarboro 
cliffs is estimated at 1.62 feet per an¬ 
num. These figures are the result of 
fifty years’ observation. As the great 
promontory was composed of about 
13,000 feet, the time taken to destroy 
it can be figured by dividing by 1.62, 
which makes the time about 8,000 

To check these figures the rate at 
which the Island has been built up 
was estimated, this being done by 
noticing the amount of sand deposit¬ 
ed per year. Since records have been 
kept within the last thirteen years, 
about 22 acres have been added. As 
the Island contains approximately 
320,000,000 cubic yards of sand, by 
dividing by the annual accumulation 
it works out at about 7,600 years. 

From calculations made, it is esti¬ 
mated that the ice left 24,000 years 
ago. The basin of Lake Ontario has 
been growing deeper, and the land has 
been rising to the north-east. Slides 
were shown of the Toronto district. 


Since the Iroquois Lake period the 
north-western shore of the lake has 
been gradually rising. In inter-glacial 
times there was a lake at Toronto, 
which must have had some dam or 
other than ice at its end, and the same 
rise and fall of this part is apparent, 
so that the inter-glacial age is esti- 
. mated at three times that of the post¬ 
glacial. Professor Coleman showed 
illustrations of specimens of the plants 
and animals obtained in the inter¬ 
glacial beds at the Don Valley brick¬ 
yards. About two-thirds of these, 
chiefly leaves and shells, and all pet¬ 
rified, show that the flora and fauna 
were approximately the same as those 
to the south of Lake Erie to-day, 


In a paper on “The Sangamon Inter¬ 
glacial Stage in Minnesota,” Mr. War¬ 
ren Upham, D.Sc., of St. Paul, Minn., 
said that throughout the long glacial 
period of growth, culmination and de¬ 
cline of the North American and Euro- 
pean v ice-sheets, the climate respon¬ 
sible'for the snowfall and ice accumu¬ 
lation fluctuated to such an extent 
that the boundaries of the continental 
glaciation . were alternately extended 
and checked or drawn back. 

A “talk” on volcanic cycles in Sar¬ 
dinia was delivered by Henry S. Wash¬ 
ington, of Washington, D. C. 


Yesterday’s excursions to Grimsby, 
Hamilton and Madoc were well patron¬ 
ized by the scientists. At the two for¬ 
mer places the following formations 
were observed: Queenston, Cataract, 
Medina, Clinton, Rochester and Lock- 
port strata. From Grimsby the party 
proceeded to Hamilton, where they 
noted the thinning out of the Roch¬ 
ester, Clinton and Medina strata. 

Lockport and Cataract fossils were 
collected. After observations ^ ere 
made the Hamilton club entertained 
the visitors to dinner. The Madoc ex¬ 
cursion provided the geologists vnth 
an opportunity to study important 
\ areas of pre-Cambrian rocks. 


The social life of the Congress is 
not being neglected. A marque has 
been erected in University College 
quadrangle, and yesterday afternoon 
tea was served, Mayor Hocken and 
Mrs. Hocken being present, in addition 
to many members of the University 
faculty. During this social event an 
informal presentation was made to Mr. 
W. R. Rogers, of the Bureau of Mines, 
who was in charge of the Sudbury-Co- i 
bait expedition, of a silver teapot, 
made of Cobalt silver. 


“We had a pleasant banquet last 
night" said Mr. Charles McDermid, 
secretary of the Institution of Mining 
and Metallurgy, of London, England, 
to The Telegram this morning. Mr. 
Frank Adams, president of the con- 
grees gave an interna/ional dinner at 
the York Club. One man from each 
of twenty-five countries being invit- 

ed Mr. McDermid has been in Canada 
before, and as his position tnrows 
him well in touch with European min¬ 
ing conditions he has been a great 
help to some of the delegates from 
inland Europe. 

“It was very amusing to see the 
jolt some of these men got when they 
struck Canada,” he said. “Many of 
them had not the slightest idea of 
what the country was like, and those 
that took the trouble to find out. were 
in many cases supplied with unreli¬ 
able information.” 

“How would you account for these 
learned men not having some general 
idea with all the attention that is 
being given Canada in Europe these 
days?” he was asked. 

“Many of these men are so in¬ 
terested in their sciences that indus¬ 
trial and other expansion is not 
thought of. I know a case where 
a small party of Frenchmen here ex¬ 
pected to find Canada a land of forest 
and snow with all the houses pali¬ 
saded against the Indians and game 
in abundance right within reach.” 

The Woman 
About Town 

SRTss it were confined to a cooking 
stove at a temperature of eighty de¬ 
grees: But we thought he would just 
say *‘'Su£fr-agetrt>e’’ under 'his hneath the 
way some of the mean men do these 
'days so we forbore. It’s hard enough 
to have lost the respect of the ofiice 
'hoy owing to our advanced views with¬ 
out being found out by the public. 
But to return to our apology, we have 
been watching the Philadelphia papers 
so as to, confront him with a full ac¬ 
count of the lady’s exploits. But 
alas! this*.is the lady’s story: 

“Feeling's just like Doctor Cook to- 
dsy. M 

With this exclamation, uttered in a 
fine’ characteristic of her vigorous na¬ 
ture, Miss Mary M. Vaux explained to 
•her friends in Bryn Mawr that she 
must not be given all the credit of 
having scaled Mount Robson 

Arriving home yesterday noon from 
her\ trip to the«Canadian Rockies, where, 
it was said, that she, with a party of 
explorers, had: conquered the ice-clad 
mountains- Miss Vaux protested that 
she hadtonJy seen the party make the 

start up vthe peak. , 

“I only -wish I could claim the dis¬ 
tinction of' having compassed Mount 

Robson.” sai<5 Miss Vaux. 1 

start climbing I'm a sport, and nothing 
would have suited me better than to 
•have undertaken tthat ascent with the 

“The Bryn Mawr‘.woman, whose win¬ 
ter home is at 1715 Arch street, went 
on to state that the week she left the 
camp near Vancouver, B.C., where she 
'had been enjoying a summer vacation- 
a partv of six men planned to ascend 
Mount Robson- Three were to go only 
half-way up, carrying provisions tor 
the others, who expected to claim the 
honor of being the first human beings 
to reach the snowy heights. 

“The three men who hoped to ac¬ 
complish the venture were Deputy 
Minister Scott of British Columbia; 
Captain McCarthy and a Swiss guide. 
W nat distance the party has reached. 
Miss Vaux had not learned yesterday, 
but the stories sent to the newspapers 
by correspondents in Vancouver of the 
conquest of the mountain peak, 13,0(0 
feet above sea, were to her a»huge de¬ 
light,” she said- 

No more interesting place can he 
found, in Toronto just now than the 
University buildings and throughout 
the entire Queen's Park.. Citizens who 
do not come in touch with the mem¬ 
bers of the Congress will miss_ one of 
the most delightful opportunities of 
their lives. From the grey-bearded sa¬ 
vants and explorers to the little red- 
coated public school cadets, who are 
of such valuable aid to the visitors, the 
whole place is just full of thrills. And 

- 1 \ 3 , 

So we left Canada's youngest soldiers. 
And the dusky-haired one had a look 
like the boy who has just got a bock 
on Indians out of the library. 

That night of August sixth was a 
night of thrills for us, too. For from 
nine to half past eleven we prowled 
Queen's Park between University Col¬ 
lege and Annesley Hall, hunting down 
our prey in the shape of feminine 
members of the Congress. And right 
here we may say that Queen's Park is 
not a very appealing place for a lone 
female around the magic hour of 
twelve. In fact hitherto it has been 
one of the few places that we prefer¬ 
red not to linger in. But when a news¬ 
paper woman feels that she’s got a 
real story at the end of a trip, there 
are not very many places from which 
you can keep her. Is it any wonder 
that so many people consider us such 
hardened wretches that they do not 
want to talk to us a, all at all. 

We may just say that we got our 
story and we got a thrill, as a sort of 
reward for valor. Just as we were at 
the darkest, loneliest part of the park, 
and we began to feel like we did when 
at the age of six they would read “Lit¬ 
tle Orphant Annie,” to us, we heard a 
strange sound. It drew nearer. Never 
had we heard a more joyous note. It 
was positively unearthly. Never, even 
at a Mendelssohn concert had we been 
so thrilled. For a moment we thought 
we 'had just awakened after dying of 
fright. But then we remembered we 
were a newspaper person and would 
likely have been delivered at the other 
place. Then we came to and looked. 
We saw a man! He was an Italian 
who looked as if no might belong to a 
banana wagon- Across him was slung 
a guitar. And how he played! Played for 
the joy of the plajdng! Played like 
the press agents say their stars do. 
But—we just stayed rooted to the 
spot. Music brought back toe tinkle 
of an exquisite Sothern and Marlowe 
Venetian scene. Around us the lovely 
verdure of Queen's Pars in midsummer 
and we became enchanted. Then re¬ 
membering the lady geologists and our 
pay envelope we fled. 

We must apologize to a certain 
member of the Geological Congress for 
thinking some very, very horrid things 
about him. It all came about when 
we asked one of the Canadian delega¬ 
tion what h-e thought of geology as a 
profession for women. “Many of them 
have distinguished themselves in it,” 
said he, “particularly as teachers or 
in microscopic work, hut they are at 
a disadvantage when it comes to the 
field work- They cannot rough it.” 

We laughed at him just here and 
asked what about Miss Mary M. Vaux 
of Bryn Mawr, whom the paper of 
two or three days ago declared had 
reached the very tip of magnificent 
old Mont Robson's peak. Then he 
smiled, the smile people use when 
they mention Dr. Cook and his north¬ 
ern trip. “I do not think she did it,” 
said he, “in fact, I have my doubts 
about the men.” At this we grew 
very warm and wanted to abuse him 
as a disparager of feminine effort un- 

how those miniature Tommy Atkins’ 
are enjoying themselves! The night of 
the reception, about half-past eight, we 
passed two of them in the hall, stand¬ 
ing proudly erect like the two good 
little soldiers they were. At eleven 
o'clock we passed them again. They 
were on one chair, the little fair-hair¬ 
ed fellow had his cheek almost on his 
arm, and he looked as if he wished his 
mother was tucking him up. The black¬ 
haired one’s head was up, but his eyes 
were droopy. 

“Tired out, how long have you been 
on duty?” we asked. “Since eight this 
morning,” piped a weary voice, “but 
it’s going to be different tc-morrow, 
they’re going to change the guard at 

“Wish you were home?” asked we. 
“You bet you we don’t,” said the black¬ 
haired one. “This is the finest fun I’ve 
had listenin’ to those fellows talk. Say, 
they know a heap, and they’ve been 
everywhere. Across every river and up 
every mountain. They’re just like living 



Learned Problems Were 
Debated at Yesterday’s 

TORONTO, Aug. 8—The congress 
settled' down to its stride to day. As 
an example of the erudite nature of 
the problems debated to-day’s pro¬ 
gram may be cited. 

Section 1, Topic No. 3. “Differen¬ 
tiation in Igneous Magmas.’’i 
Section 3, Topic No. 6. “To what 
! extent was the ice age broken by 
interglacial periods?” 

The meetings were held in various 
class' rooms of the University and 
were well attended and raptly , listep- 
ed to. For the most part it was the 
visitors who were the best listeners, 
i the Canadian men of science being 
content to drop in for a few minutes 
at some of the sittings and walk o.u«t 
again. Many were, able to give some 
assistance to Mr. Stanley Leek and 
his staff. This assistance was badly 
needed. The strain -has been tremen¬ 
dous, as the visitors were strangers 
in a strange land and had to he 
taken care- of accordingly, their bag¬ 
gage checked and their laundry sent 
to the right place. All this fell on 
the heads of the executive and the 
local committee till they worked 
twenty hours „ day and worried the 


The members are scattered all over 
Toronto and can be easily distin¬ 
guished by their button with its Latin 
inscription, their name, plate and 

The congress is being entertained as 
lavishly as they themselves will per¬ 
mit.. The Toronto Ladies committee 
iad marquees erected in the Univcr- 
, iity grounds yesterday. To-day they 
took possession of the Speakers 
! Jhambers in the Parliament Build- 
ngs and Ifendered a luncheon to their 
nternational visitors there. In the 
neantime automobiles drive up bef¬ 
ore the main building of the Univer¬ 
ity and whisk a.way parties to study 
he rocks around Hamilton, Scar- 
ioro, and sundry other places in the 
vicinity of Toronto. The others go 
o the lectures, for it must be-under¬ 
stood at once that this is- the- most 
businesslike and earnest convention 
hat ever assembled in this city of 
inventions. They have come to ac- 
luire knowledge and they are not to 
,"e deterred therefrom by the hospit- 
ility of the Queen City. 

Saturday will he another hard 
lay’s work but on Sunday there will 

So popular was the Cobalt trip 
hat the next excursion which will 
irrive about 1 Aug. 20th. in Cobalt 
vill be quite as representative and 
[iiite as i numerous. 

The visitors are working hard and 
njoying themselves thoroughly. 


( Tha garden party given by Mr. and 
Mrs. Dunlap on Saturday was a tre¬ 
mendous success, and the company of 
geologists and friends stayed until 
long after the time on the Invitation, 
which is a proof of the party having 
| been appreciated. The beautiful 
grounds were looking even better than 
usual from the morning’s rain, and the 
lawn, terraces, etc., were like green 
velvet, and the herbaceious borders 
’ edged with marigolds were very love- 
1 ly, flowers of all sorts, making a riot 
1 of color. Mr. and Mrs. Dunlap re- 
i ceived on the terrace near the front of 
( the house. The hostess, who Is a great 
, favorite, looked handsome in a French 
l gown of gold satin with deep hem of 
white satin, with real lace tunic, a 
. platinum and diamond necklace and 
' earrings, and a large black lace hat 
with white Brussels lace acroiss the 
crown, inlet with medallions of pink 
velvet roses, and a strap under the 
' chin of black velvet. Also receiving 
were Mrs- J. B. Tyrrell, who always 
has a nice word for everybody, and 
who looked very weli in a Dresden 
, ninon gown over white satin, with little 
puffings of paio blue satin, a wide 
brimmed black hat with blue velvet 
npd flowers, and a necklace of gold 
nuggets, from the Klondye, with the 
added interest, of having been washed 
out by herself; Mrs. Adams, wife of 
the president of the Geological Society, 
from Montreal, who wore a very hand¬ 
some draped gown of deep blue crepe 

(Cambridge), Mrs- Plrso (U. S.), black 
and white silk with hat to match: 
Prof. Walker, (India); Mrs. Deckle, 
grey moire, with real lace and a white 
hat; Dr. and Mrs. Loudon, Mr. Dock- 
ray, Mrs. Gordon, black silk and white 
lace and a hat to match; Mr. and Mrs. 
Perrier, Miss Ferrier, Dr. and Mrs. 
Quenzel, Dr. and Mrs., Patterson, Mr. 
W. J- McWhinney, M. and Madame La 
Croix, the latter In grey blue satin 
with chiffon bodice over magnificent 
old point and brown str^w hat with 
natural ostrich feathers; Dr. Meyer, 
Mrs. Nairn, blue gauze over white 
satin, hat faced with grey velvet and 
grey and white willow feathers; Mr. 
and Mrs. Parsons, Mr. Borroughs, Mr. 
Lamb, Mr. Cole, Dr. Goodwin, ’Miss 
Elliott in a gown of white crepe and 
lace and a white hat with blue velvet; 
Mr. Moffatt, Mrs. Moffatt, in black and 
white and a smail hat with black and 
white plumes; Mr. and Mrs. Wilton 
Eddis, Mrs. Arnoldi, Miss Arnoldi, Miss 
Arnold! (Ottawa), Mr- fold Mrs. Good¬ 
win Gibson, Miss Bthylyn Gibson, Miss 
Mary McLennan (Strathrov), Mrs. 
Squair, Mrs. Cross, Miss Adams, Mr. 
and Mrs. James Allen. 

Ul c4A. IG'* 

l c\ I 3 . 0 

Dr. Strachan, London, direetdr ' of 
the British geological survey, and 

a ~fe-u^w yL ■ (***<|> 


II- ity 3. 

broche, and straw hat with gold and Mrs- Strachan, are the guests of Mr. 

blue feathers and a wreath of yellow 
cowslips and velvet forget-me-nots; 
Mrs. Parks, who wore black satin with 
lace and pale blue satin and a black 
hat with willow plumes- Tea was dis¬ 
pensed from a large marquee on the 

and Mrs. J. B. Tyrrell, Walmer road. 
Mr. Bedford McNeil/ London, presi¬ 
dent of the Institute of Mining and 

Metalurgy, and Mrs. McNeil; Dr. 
Kemp, Columbia University, N. Y., I 

east side of the spacious lawn, the long I?®,, 1 ?? 8 * * i f 8t . lnsuish * d «*e ,oglst <*the 

table decorated with many silver 
bowls and vases of pink lilies*, gladioii 
and ferns. The men of the 48th High¬ 
landers’ band brightened the lower 
terrace with their uniforms, and dur¬ 
ing the afternoon the band, headed by 
the pipers, Master Moffatt Dunlap in 
kilts, sporran and all the rest of the 
smartest Highland dress, marched 
round the lawn, playing the most de- i 
lightful music. A few of the hun¬ 
dreds present were: Dr. Adams, Dr. 
A. P. Coleman, Miss Coleman, Prof. 
Paries, Mr. J. B. Tyrrell, Mr. and Mrs- 

United States, are also the guests of 
Mr. and Mrs. Tyrrell. 

• * * 

The city reception to the Interna-1 
tional Geological Congress will take 
Plac«" in the city hall on Monday 
night at 8 o'clock. 

* * * 

J he Hon- Sir Charles Fitzpatrick. 
Ottawa, and his secretary, Mr. Law¬ 
rence Beaudry, are at the King Ed¬ 

* « * 

Among the entertainments given last 

John Murray Clark, the latter wearing week for individual members of the 
a very handsome white gown, trimmed , gealogica! congress were dinners by 
with real lace and diamond and pearl Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Tyrrell and Prof, 
ornaments; Dr. and Mrs. C- Vey Hoi- and Mrs. Parks. Tomorrow Mrs. Ar¬ 
man. Penn, the latter wearing a black thur Meredith is giving a dinner at 
gown the lace bodice over white iCraigleigh, and Mrs. Arnoldi a lunch- 
lace, and a small black hat and pearl'eon at the Ladiies’ Club, 
ornaments; the president of Toronto • ■ < 

ic^l 3, 



University, M. Shikusuke ICozu, Dr. A- 
H. Phillips, Princeton; Mr. and Mrs. 

F. R. C. Reed, Cambridge; Dr. Kwong 
Yung Kwang. Dr. Strachan, England; 

Mr. Bedford MacNeill, Mrs- MacNelll, 

In a gown of flowered chiffon over 
eatin; Dr. and Mrs- Kemp (England), 
the latter in King’s blue crepe de chine 
and a black hat; Dr. and Mrs. Mat- 

thews tst. John, n.b.), the latter in Bell Decorated for Reception 

black silk and a black bonnet with 1 , ^ , . 

tulle and tiny yellow roses; Mr. and to the V ISltfflg (.jCOtOglStS 

Mrs. John King, Mr. Claude Fox, Mrs- ______ 

Fox, in a very handsome gown of real 
lace and blue satin with hat to match; 

Mr. and Mrs- Harton Walker, Mr', and 
Mrs. Eby, Mr. Fudger and Miss Martha 
Fud-ger, Madame Hoffman, in a frock 
of Valenciennes lace -over pale pink and 
a white Napoleon hat; Miss Hoffman, 
in white; Mrs. Gerhard Helntzman, 
looking very well after her trip abroad, 

Mrs. Bascom, Mrs. Palm, Sir Henry 
Miers, Mr. and Mrs. Ferrier, Mr. A. G. 

Charleton, Mrs. Charleton, in mauve 
with white Brussels lace on the bodice 
and a small black hat; Dr. Caddell 
(Scotland), Mrs. Arthur Meredith, Mr- 
and Mrs. Fenner, the latter very pretty 
in dark blue; Prof. Keys, Mr. A. E. T. 

Haultain, Mrs. Haultain, in white and 
blue with Panama hat; Sir Thomas 
Holland, Indian Survey; Mr. and Mrs. 

James Rolph, Sir Alex. McRobert, 

Lady McRobert, In a draped gown of 
raspberry crepe and a white hat with 
blue; Dr. and Mrs. Baker, Prof. Harker 

The City Hall will be en fete to¬ 
night for the reception to the dele¬ 
gates to the International Geological 
Congress at 8.3 0 o’clock. A staff of 
men was busy all morning removing 
palms, shrubs and flowers from the 
Exhibition Grounds to the municipal 
buildings. All the corridors will be 
banked with palms, while the Coun¬ 
cil Chamber will be hidden in green¬ 
ery. The aldermanic chairs have all 
been removed from the sanctum sanc¬ 
torum, leaving the whole enclosure 
free for the reception of the visitors 
by the Mayor and Mrs. Hocken. 

Two orchestras have been engaged 
for the evening, while light refresh¬ 
ments will be served to the delegates. 
The great building should really be a 
very pleasing sight when Toronto does 
honor to her distinguished guests. 
There will be no speeches. 

Scientist of Isthmian Canal 
Commission Addresses 


Slopes Must be Graded at a 
Lower Angle Than 
in the Past. 

Revisions of the present theories 
regarding geological time was the im¬ 
portant subject which occupied one 
large section of the Geological Con¬ 
gress at their Saturday sessions, and 
a number of papers dealing with vari¬ 
ous factors on which the present time 
theories are based were heard at both 
morning and afternoon meetings. The 
other sections of the congress dealt 
with a great variety of subjects, 
among the most interesting of which 
was one by D. F. MacDonald, geolo¬ 
gist of the Isthmian Canal Commis¬ 
sion, dealing with the causes and re¬ 
medy of landslides, such as that of 
the Culebra Cut at Panama, his paper 
being entitled “Excavation Deforma¬ 

Mr. Charles Schuchert, of Yale 
University, dealt with the limitations 
of geological periods in North Am¬ 
erica in a particularly interesting 
paper. Pointing out that there are 
cycles of earth movements, invasions 
by the seas, emergence of the land, 
wearing down of the rocks and the 
filling up of valleys with sediment, all 
of which help in determining the 
periods of geologic time, the speaker 
declared that even with a century 
and a half of contributions from the 
notions, much still remains 'before an 
accurate geological time-table can be 

A review of the gradual light 
thrown upon the subject as theory 
after theory had to be modified in 
the light of increasing knowledge fol¬ 
lowed, and in concluding his paper 
Mr. Schuchert called attention to the 
importance of talcing into account 
the periodic and rhythmic motions 
which certain “dynamic’’ regions of 
the earth's surface undergo when j 
the questions of geological time is be. 
ing considered. This motion he con¬ 
siders is at the basis of all such time 

A number of other papers dealing 
with related matters were heard from 
Messrs. Chamberlin (U.S.A.), Freeh . 
and Stelnmann (Germany), Holtedahl 
(Norway), and Ulrich (U.S.A.). 

The Culebra Problem. 

In dealing with his subject of “Ex- ; 
cavation Deformations,” Mr. MacDon- 1 
aid showed that the result of excavat¬ 
ing on a scale such as that of the 
Culebra Cut, with the substitution of 

the weak atmospheric pressure for 
that of the greater pressure of the 
material excavated, is to cause a num¬ 
ber of different strains or stresses, 
and not merely the angle of pull com¬ 
monly considered the only force to 
be reckoned with in making an ex¬ 

After calling attention to the two 
kinds of excavations — those caused by 
nature, as stream erosions, etc., and 
those of man—Mr. MacDonald dealt 
with the various factors leading to 
deformations, such as the crushing 
strength of the masses of material 
above; the strength of the material 
depending on the jointing, bedding 
and fault conditions; the physical and 
chemical character of the rock units; 
the amount and character of the 
ground water; and earth tremors from 
factors. These in their relation to 
Culebra Cut were dealt with, and as 
explanation of the complicated cause 
of the landslide. 

In conclusion, the speaker showed 
[ the necessity of grading the slopes at 
I a lower angle than formerly, while 
j he pointed out the danger of allow¬ 
ing nature to find the required angle 
by means of further landslides, since 
if this happened the complicated 
stresses would have the result of push- 
; ing up the bottom of the cut. 

Landslides and Sinking. 

“Landslides and the Sinking of 
I Grounds Above Mines” was dealt with ; 
by Mr. Ernest H-owes. of Newport, 
U.S.A., who went into the geological 
factors of these slides, which while 
apparently due to external causes, in 
reality have their origin in the struc¬ 
ture and physical character of the 

Papers on a number of more or 
less local topics were heard at the 
afternoon session of section 1, these 
being grouped under the heading 
“Economical and Chemical.” Of these 
the more interesting were: “The Oc¬ 
currences of Petroleum and Natural 
Gas in the Mid-continent Field,” by 
Charles N. Gould, Oklahama City; 
“Natural Gas In Transylvania,” by 
Jules de Szadeczky, Kolosvar, Hun- | 
gary; "The Geological Occurrences of 
Precious Stones on the American Con¬ 
tinent.” by George F. Kunz; and “The 
Plasticity of Rock: Crystals and the 
Manner in Which They are Affected 
by Temperature,” by L. Milch. Ger¬ 
many. The last paper, though de¬ 
livered in German, proved highly in¬ 
teresting to the audience, and was 
illustrated by experiments showing 
how the crystals can be bent at a low 

The attendance on Saturday was 
not quite up to the usual standard, 
hut this was owing to the fact that ex¬ 
cursions had been run to view the 
moraines north of Toronto, illustrat¬ 
ing the glacial and fluvio-glacial 

At the close of the afternoon ses¬ 
sions many of the delegates were en- I 
tertained at a garden party given by 
Mrs. D. A. Dunlap, of Rosedale, in 
their honor. 

Owing to the non-arrival of the 
lecturer. Mr. Cy. Warman, the illus¬ 
trated lecture planned for the evening 
was not held. It will probably be 
given some night of this week. 

An excursion for recreation pur¬ 
poses only was run to Muskoka on 
Saturday night, where many of the 
delegates enjoyed a pleasant week¬ 

UAMjj.. II - | CJ t 3 




On the left is Mademoiselle Termier, daughter of Professor P. M. Ter¬ 
mier, Directeur du Service de la Carte Geologique, de la France, who stands 
next to Her reading a letter from home. On the right is Prof. Theodosius 
Tshernyschew, Academie Imperiale des Sciences, of St. Petersburg. Both of 
these gentlemen are to. receive the degree of LLD. from the University of 
Toronto next Thursday. 

Much Concerned With Struc¬ 
ture and Natural Re¬ 
sources of Dominion 



H Very Funny Music,” Ex¬ 
claims Distinguished 
Vienna Delegate 

After all the papers have been 'riad 
and discussed upon subjects wide as 
.time in their purport at the Geolog- 
iteal Congress, the thing that will in¬ 
terest Canadians most as a nation is, 
W hat do these men think of Can¬ 
ada? What impressions will they 
carry away? What, apart from the 
study of geology as a science, will 
they say of the resources of Can¬ 
ada? The man most qualified to 
pass an opinion upon this subject is 
probably Mr. John McLeish, B.A., of 
Ottawa. Mr. McLeish, who compiles 
annually the statistics bearing - upon 
the mineral production of Canada and 
is in the Dominion Department of 
Mines, is a most unassuming man who 
speaks in the subdued voice of one 
who would rather think than talk. In 

the lounge room of the University a 
large space is devoted to the resources 
of the Dominion, where one can get 
any information upon any subject 
that requires a hammer and pick, drill 
or explosive. Mr. McLeish, when 
asked as to the extent and variety of 
the inquiries made at the table, said 
that the members of the Congress 
seemed eager to receive information 
upon all the resources of Canada, and 
especially as to the nickel, silver, 
mica, coal and asbestos production 
of the Dominion. 

Interest in North Ontario. 

“Since the return of the excursion 
from the north a great deal of inter¬ 
est has been manifested by mining 
engineers in the Sudbury district. 
These men were tremendously im¬ 
pressed with the north lands, and the 
Interest is growing. Another excur¬ 
sion leaves at the conclusion of the 
Congress for the. Cobalt-Porcupine- 
Sudbury trip.” 

Interest in Canada, said Mr. Mc- 
Leish, has been general. Maps, charts, 
books and reports covering the Do¬ 
minion have been asked for on all 
sides. The Publicity Bureau of Brit¬ 
ish Columbia has a lot of literature 
bearing upon that Province, and it is 
freely asked for. The excursions go¬ 
ing west will be well tilled, and one 
of them will visit Cobalt on the way 

1 Prof. Miller’s Book. 

j! A book -which came off the press 
|jonly last week by Dr. Willet G. Mil¬ 
ler is causing much interest. This 
deals with the Cobalt-nickel arsen¬ 
ide and silver deposits of Timiska- 
ming. Another recent book is that 
of “Nickel Industry," with special 
reference to the Sudbury region, by 
Prof. A. P. Coleman. 

Some beautiful photos of the Mt. 
Robson glacier in the lounge room 
are attracting much attention. One 
of the most remarkable is that show¬ 
ing the head of the falls at Rainbow 
Canyoni Moose River. The formation 

there is mainly quartzite and win 
prove, of great interest to the excur¬ 
sionists. The bmperor Falls, Grand 
Fork River and the Mt. Kobson gla¬ 
cier have been reproduced in a re¬ 
markable manner. 

Altogether the demand for liter¬ 
ature is one of the most gratifying 
features of the Congress, and the De¬ 
partment of Mines and the Provin¬ 
cial Bureau of Mines are to be con¬ 
gratulated for their display and the 
benefits which are bound to result. 

“Funny 3Iusic" of Pipers. 

Saturday's heat was greatly felt by 
the visiting geologists, and they near¬ 
ly all forsook the lecture rooms and 
sought the shadiest and coolest places 
possible. The garden party given byj 
Mr. and Mrs. Dunlap of 93 High¬ 
lands avenue, Rosedale, was a de¬ 
lightful affair, inasmuch as the chief 
attraction, "The Hieland Pipers,” 
proved to be such a source of un¬ 
ceasing interest to the foreign- visitors. 
The Band of the 4 8th Highlanders 
was also in attendance, although it 
was their kilts which seemed to prove 
the greatest attraction. But the pip¬ 
ers, oh! The visitors seemed to be 
hypnotized with them. They crowd¬ 
ed on the top of the terrace, from 
where they could get a splendid view 
of them, and gazed and gazed. “It 
is very funny music," said one of the 
most distinguished visitors; “always 
the same,” and being from one of the 
most musical cities in the world, 
Vienna, his comment should carry 
some weight. But the “Kilties’ 
funny music"! What next? To add 
to the full weight of woe a vivacious 
lady -came forward and asked the gen¬ 
tleman: “Do they remind you of the 
band playing Hungarian dances?” 
With a broad smile, “Oh, no no!” was 
the vehement reply, “but (thank 
goodness for that “but") they are 
very picturesque.” Then he rubbed 
it in again. “I am told that every 
Scotsman glows when he hears them,” 
he remarked with a shrug of his 

Had Tlieir Picture Taken. 

The Kilties had to stand up and 
be photographed more than once, and 
a bright-eyed Belgian, who secured a 
, snap, was as pleased as if he had 
found an anticline. The party was a 
great success, about five hundred be¬ 
ing present all told. One gentleman 
who sat in the quadrangle and watch¬ 
ed the cricket match between St. 
Barnabas and Toronto got up after 
the conclusion of the St. Barnabas in¬ 
nings and remarked; “I will never 
watch another cricket match.” A 
lynx-eyed German in the course of 
conversation remarked that Toronto 
“is a very industrious and beautiful 
city.” Dr. Tchernichew of Russia, 
who was present at the last Congress 
at Stockholm, said that the weather 
“is as warm there in the day as in 
Toronto, but the nights were delight¬ 
fully cool.” 

A Canadian Paper. 

The papers read on Saturday had 
among them some notable contribu-; 
tions to science, but the weather kept 
depleting the lecture rooms of their 
inmates as the afternoon wore on. 
An interesting paper was given by Mr. 
M. F. Connor, chemist of the Mines 
Branch, Department of Mines, on 
“Some Notes on Rock Analysis.” “In 
the determination of iron by the sul¬ 
phuretted hydrogen method,” said 
Mr. Connor, “it was formerly the 
method to have considerable free sul¬ 
phuric acid in the sulphate solution 
of the iron and alumina oxides when 
sulphuretted hydrogen gas was passed 
through it to reduce the ferric sul¬ 
phate. I found it difficult to obtain 
complete reduction by this method, 
although every precaution was taken. 
Knowing that some reduction pro¬ 
cesses—that is, titanium by zinc in 
acid solution—are best accomplished 
when the solution becomes nearly 
neutral.I successfully applied the same, 
principle in the reduction of iron as 
follows: Excess of ammonia, was add- 


ed to the sulphuric acid solution of 
the iron and alumina oxides, and af¬ 
ter neutralizing with sulphuric acid 
about 3 c.c. of dilute sulphuric acid 
was added in excess. In this way 
the iron was speedily and completely 

Another interesting paper was given 
by Dr. C. N. Gould of Oklahoma City 
upon the “Occurrence of Petroleum 
and Natural Gas in the Mid-Continent 
Field." The capacity of gas wells of 
the mid-continent field varies up to 
50,000,000 cubic feet per day. A well 
recently drilled to a depth of less 
than 700 feet in the new field of Loco, 
Stephens county, southwestern Ok¬ 
lahoma, is producing 25,000,000 cubic 
feet of gas per day. 

3Iany Technical Papers. 

Other papers included the follow¬ 

The Problems of Teutonic Experi¬ 
ments, by W. Paulcke, Karlsruhe, 

The Relations of Seismic Disturb-! 
ances in the Philippines to Geologic : 
Structure,, by 31. S. Maso and Warren 
D. Smith, Manila, P. I. 

The Angle of Shear, by Th. Dahl- 
blom, Falun, Sweden. 

Excavation Deformations, by D. 
McDonald, Panama. 

Landslides and the Sinking of 
Ground Above Mines, by Ernest 
i Howe, Newport, U.S.A. 

Natural Gas in Transylvania, by 
Jules de Szadeczky, Kolosvar, Hun¬ 

The Geological Occurrences of Pre¬ 
cious Stones on the American Contin¬ 
ent, by Geo. F. Kunz. 

Uber die Plastizitat des Steinsalzes 
und ihre Abhangigkeit von der Tem- 
peratur, by L. Milch, Germany. 

On a new Area of Nepheline Rocks, 
by P. Quensel, Upsala, Spain. 

A Physico-Chemical Contribution to 
the Study of Dolomitization, by R. 

C. Wallace, Winnipeg, Canada. ‘ 

Hovv Geologists Spent Sunday. 

“I am making what the French call 
a ‘reconnaissance,’ ” said Dr. Emil 
Tietze, who was walking up Tonge 
street yesterday. “You see, there is 
such a crowd here on week-days that 
this is a splendid opportunity to find 
out the places in your city.” The 
I doctor is rapidly learning the layout 
of the city, and when told that a cer¬ 
tain place was on Adelaide. street 
east replied: ‘Oh, yes, I know where 
Adelaide street, is.” “I see you are 
getting the skyscraper habit here.” 
said the doctor, looking at the C.P.R. 
building and when told that there was 
a limit placed upon the height of 
buildings he smiled and said it was “a 
good thing.”’ Quite a large number 
of the geologists left for Muskoka 
Saturday night to spend the week end 
and many of them were to be seen 
over at the Island. The University 
was of necessity open yesterday and 
quite a few made use of the lounge 
room, having a nice easy time after 
the strenuous days of the past week. 

A large number went out in auto¬ 
mobiles sight-seeing, and many at- i 
tended service, St. Michael’s Cathedral i 
claiming quite a number. 

go u~ > C( \ -2.. 

Forsook His Science 
for the Auld Pipes 

He was a braw Heilan' mon, and 
the lure of the bagpipes was upon 
him. Yet he was a geologist, and 
looked as if a stalactite would in¬ 
terest him more than the “skirl.” 
He listened with admiration as the 
pipers played, and his fingers went 
a-clutching and his feet went 
tap-tap-tap to the music. Away 
to the Hielands they took him 
with an impetuous rush, back to the 
days when as a lad he was wont to 
play in the evening—and then every¬ 
thing broke down before the in¬ 
sistent call. He made a rush to 
one of the pipers, all but snatched 
the instrument, and the next mo¬ 
ment the astonished geologists saw 
a respectable man of Bcience with 
a bagpipe under his arm playing 
for dear life—and the best of It 
all was that he could play. 

“And wild and high the Camerons' 
gathering rose, 

The war note of Lochlel which 
Albyn’s hills 

Have heard, and heard too have 
her Saxon foes; 

How in the noon of night th* 
pibroch thrills 

Savage and shrill, but with the 
breath which fills 
Their mountain pipes so fill the 

With the fierce native daring 
that instils 

The stirring memories of a thous¬ 
and years. 

And Evan s, Donald's fame rings in 
each clansman’s ears.” 


Numerous Excursions Are on 
Programme of the Visiting 



■ % 

A Request to the Eminent Sci¬ 
entists Taht They Sign 
Their Letters 

This morning’s session of the Inter¬ 
national Geological Congress was 
taken up chiefly with the xeports of 
committees, the announcement that 
formal invitations for the meeting of 
Congress after the next one at Brus¬ 
sels, Belgium, had been received from 
Spain and the Argentine Republic, 
and the statement that the Spen- 
diarofl’ Prize had been awarded to 
Mr. Emile Argand, Paris, for his 
thesis on “The Sheet of Overthrown 
Rocks on the Western Alps.” It has 
also been decided that the question 
of iron-ore resources from an 
economic point of view shall be re¬ 
studied for the next Congress. 

. In the midst of the above an¬ 
nouncements reported to the general 
meeting by President Adams after 
the session of Council, .occurred a re¬ 
quest that eminent geologists should 
sign their letters. One absent-mind¬ 
ed scientist had accepted with many 
thanks an invitation to the banquet 
at the Armories on Wednesday next, 
but had omitted his signature. Hence 
the request. 

Au Extra Session. 

Although the scientifc papers were 
booked on the programme for ’his 
afternoon an extra session followed 
the business meeting this morning, 
at which Dr. L. Milch of Germany 
conducted some interesting chemical 
experiments .illustrating ihe plasti¬ 
city of rocksalt and its dependency 
on temperature. 

As a prelude to his illustrated lec¬ 
ture this afternoon on Patagonia, Dr 
Bailey Willis described the condition, 
under which his survey of the coun 
try east of the Andes is going on. 
His commission from the Argentin 
Department of Public Works had 
arisen from his diagnosis of the Ar¬ 
gentine as containing no artesian 
water. At first he was sent out to 
study the arid regions of Patagonia, 
but later the survey developed into 
a general investigation, topographi¬ 
cal, geographical and economic, with 
reference to fixture, settlement of 
the country. 

Covers Large Area. 

“The survey covers,” said Dr. Wil¬ 
lis. “some 20,000 square miles, and 
our report will be published by au¬ 
thority both in English and Span¬ 
ish. We are dealing with a part of 
South America which is geologically 
practically unknown, and topographi¬ 
cally is little better known.” 

Speaking on the formation of 
Patagonia, Dr. Willis declared that the 
upper stratum was early tertiary 
covering what may be a prepalaeozoic 
foundation ,and that the age of the 
Andes is about the same as that of 
the Sierra Nevada. He attributed the 
presence of great interior basins to the 
unequal warping of the earth in the 
process of elevation. 

“It might seem strange to you,’" 
he continued, “to live 5,000 miles 
above the sea, but we think of it as 
a flat plane. First there is the 
plateau sloping at the coast towards 
the ocean, then the pre-Andean de¬ 
pression and again the mountains, 
-which are on an average 70 miles 
across. The streams that flow west 
through the Andes, causing interna¬ 
tional disputes between the Argentine 
and Chili as to boundaries, can prob¬ 
ably be attributed to glacial erasion.” 

Sectional Meetings. 

This afternoon two sectional meet¬ 
ings are being held, dealing with the 
influence of depth on the character of 
metalliferous deposits, papers being 
read by Messrs. J. F. Kemp, New 
York; Paul Krush, Berlin; W. H. Em¬ 
mons, Minneapolis; L. L. Fermor, Cal¬ 
cutta,; Paul F. Fanning, Manilla, and 
Malcolm Maclaren, London. At the 
other sectional meeting. Miscellaneous 
papers are being read ,and a third 
and extra session left over from Sat¬ 

An excursion was run this morn- 
j ing to. Orillia, and another leaves to- 
! night for Belmont Lakb, where visits 
| will he made to the iron and gold 

This evening the civic reception 
! will be held at the City Hail at 
8.30 u.m. 

Xo Sessions To-morrow. 

There will be no sessions to-morrow, 
for the programme has five excur¬ 
sions booked, to Credit Rl\ er, Don 
! Valley, Scarboro Heights and two ex- 
! cursions to Niagara Falls. In addi¬ 
tion to this, special excursions will 
run to-morrow on the application of 
ten or more members. 

Mr. find Mrs. Dunlap’s Garden Party. 

One of the most perfectly appoint¬ 
ed entertainments given here this 
season was the garden party In honor 
of the delegates attending the Geo¬ 
logical Congress given by Mr. and 
Mrs. D. A. Dunlap at their beautiful 
home in Rosedale, which is most 
delightfully situated, overlooking the 
second ravine. The scene was one 
of the prettiest imaginable from the 
Glen road bridge on approaching the 
house, the pretty light, gowns of the 
ladies on the terraced lawn, the beauti¬ 
ful beds of flowers and the scarlet 
uniforms of the 4 8th Highlanders' 
[Band stationed on the lower terrace 
forming a very brilliant scene. Mr. 
and Mrs. Dunlap received the guests 
at the entrance to the house, the lat¬ 
ter looking very handsome in a 
beautiful gown of soft white liberty 
satin, with coat of cream rose point lace 
lined with palest primrose, pearl and 
diamond ornaments and black shirred 
lace hat, with crown of cream Brus¬ 
sels lace and hand painted pale pink 
roses appliqued, a small bunch of 
French flowers resting under the 
brim. Mrs. Adams, wife of the presi¬ 
dent of the society, and Mrs. J. B. 
Tyrrell received with Mrs. Dunlap, 
the former in sapphire blue crepe 

QjfoA, . 'll" l 

Mrs. Dunlop’s Garden Party 

The president and members of the 
International Geological Congress were 
the guests of honor on Saturday after¬ 
noon of Mr. and Mrs. David Dunlop at 
a delightful garden party held at the 
latter’s charming home in Rosedale. The 
grounds ware looking particularly 
fresh and green after the morning’s 
rain, and a large marquee was ar¬ 
ranged on the velvety lawn. Delightful 
music was rendered by the 4Sth High¬ 
landers' Band, who made a bright spot 
of color on th§ lower terrace, and dur¬ 
ing the afternoon marched around the 
lawn playing brilliantly. They were 
headed by the pipers in ail their brav¬ 
ery of kilts, plaid, and sporran. Mr. 
and Mrs. Dunlop received their guests, 
who numoered several hundreds, on 
the terrace near the house. Mrs. Dun¬ 
lap was wearing a Paris gown of 
cream satin veiled in ivory ninon and 
lace, a drooping hat of black lace, and 
tulle with Dresden crown and soft 
black ties, and a necklace of platinum 
and diamonds. Mrs. J. B. Tyrrell also 
received, wearing a gown of Dresden 
nir.on over white satin, with wide- 
brimmed hat of black with blue velvet 
and flowers, and a necklace of Klon- 
dyke gold nuggets. Mrs. Adams, wife 
of the president of the Geological Sur 

. , .... , ve y. was wearing a draped gown of 

broche and hat with gold and- blue | deep blue crepe broche, and straw hat 
feathers. Mrs. Tyrrell wearing pale with blue and gold, feathers, and vel- 
blue flowered ninon and black hat low and blue flower wreath Mrs 
with wreath of French flowers and Parks was gowned in black satin with 
white osprey. The lovely home was lace, with touches of blue, and a 
thrown open to the »uests and re- black hat with French plumes Tea 
freshments were served in a large was dispensed from the large marquee. 

marquee erected on the east end of 
the lawn, where the tables were bright 
with scarlet gladioli. It was most 
entertaining to listen to the many dif¬ 
ferent tongues being spoken and to 
notice the many interesting looking 
visitors with their different manners 
and gesticulations in speaking, all ap¬ 
pearing to be charmed with Canada 
and Canadians. Among the guests 
were noticed : Dr. Adams, Mr. and 
Mrs. A. G. Charleton, of London, Eng¬ 
land; Mr. and Mrs. Murray, Mrs. M. 
Rawlinson, Mrs. Watts, Mrs, A. T. 
Reynolds, Miss Arnoldi, Mr. Alex. 
Smith, Mr. O. Sc-ott, Mr. T. Dockray 

where the long table was charmingly 
arranged with silver bowls and vases, 
holding pink lilies, gladioli, and ferns. 
Many lovely yellow marigolds, glisten¬ 
ing from the borders of the terrace, i 
added to the beauty of the picture. 
Among the 'guests were: Dr. Adams, [ 
Dr. A- P. Coleman, Miss Coleman. Prof. 
Parks, Mr. J. B. Tyrrell, Mr. and Mrs. 
John Murray Clark, the latter in white [ 
with real face, and pearl ana diamond 
ornaments; Dr. and Mrs. C. Vey Hol¬ 
man., Penn., the latter in black over 
white lace, and black hat and pearl 
ornaments: Miss Hoffman. Mrs. Ger¬ 
hard Heintzman, Dr. Caddell (Scot- 

Mr. and Mrs. Murray Clark, Miss land), Mrs. Arthur Meredith, Mr. and 
Towner, Miss Elliot, Mr. and Mrs. Mrs. Former, Prof. Keys. Mr. A. E. T. 
Haultain, Mrs. Harton Walker, Haultain, Mrs. Haultain. Mr. and Mrs. 
Madame Hoffman, Miss McDellan, John King, Mr. Claude Fox. Mrs. Fox. 
Mrs. F. C. Williams, Mr. and Mrs. in a very handsome gown of real lace 
i Bedford McNeill, Mr. and Mrs. Me- and blue satin, with hat to match: 
i Evoy, Mrs. Gerhard Heintzman, Mr. Mr. and Mrs. Harton Walker. Mr. and 

and Mrs. Strachan, Miss Bascorn, Miss 
Gruterink, Dr. A. P. Coleman, Miss 
Coleman, Prof. Parks, Mr. J. B. Tyr¬ 
rell, Dr. and Mrs. C. Vey Holman, 
Penn.; M. Shikusuke Kozu, Dr. A. H. 
Phillips, Princeton: Mr. and Mrs. F. 
R. C. Reed, Cambridge; Dr. Kwong 
Yung Kwang. Dr. Strachan, England; 
Mr. Bedford MacNeill, Mrs. MacNeill, 
Dr. and Mrs. Kemp, England; Dr. and 
Mrs. Matthews, St. John, N.B.; Mr. 
arid Mrs. John King, Mr. Claude Fox, 
Mrs. Fox, Mr. and Mrs. Eby, Mr. 
Fudger and Miss Martha Fudger, Mrs. 
Bascorn, Mrs. Palm, Sir Henry Miers, 
Mr. and Mrs. Ferrier, Dr. Caddell, 
Scotland; Mrs. Arthur Meredith, Mr. 
and Mrs. Fernier, Prof. Keys, Sir 
Thomas Holland, Indian Survey; Mr. 
and Mrs. James Rolph, Sir Alex. Mc- 
Robert, Lady McRobert, Dr. and Mrs. 
Baker, Prof. Marker, Cambridge: Mrs. 
Pirso, U. S.; Prof. Walker, India; 
Mrs. Leckie, Dr. and Mrs. Loudon,) 
Mrs. Gordon, Miss Ferrier, Dr. and 

Mrs. Eby. Mr. Fudger and Mrss Martha 
Fudger. Madame Hoffman. T>r. Meyer, 
Mrs. Nairn. Mr. and Mrs. Wiitor 
Eddis. Mrs. Arnoldi. Miss Arnoldi, Miss 
Arnoldi (Ottawa),. Mr and Mrs. Good¬ 
win Gibson. Miss Ethylyn Gibson, j 
Miss Mary McLennan (Strathroy), 1 
Mrs. Squair, Mrs. Cross, Miss Adams, 
Mr. and Mrs. James Allen, Mr. Mof- 
fatt, Mrs. Moffatt, Mr. and Mrs. Fer¬ 
rier, Miss Ferrier, Dr. and Mrs. Quen- 
zel, Dr. and Mrs. Patterson, Mr. W. J. 
McWhinney, M. and Madame La Croix, 
Mr. and Mrs. Parsons, Mr. Borroughs, 
Mr. Lamb, Mr. Cole, Dr. Goodwin, Miss 
Elliott, Prof. Walker (India), Mrs. 
Leckie, grey moire with real lace, and 
a white hat; Dr. and Mrs. Loudon, Mr. 
Dockray, Mrs. Gordon, Mrs. Bascorn, 
Mrs. Palm, Sir Henry Miers, Mr. and 
Mrs. Ferrier, Mr. A. G. Charlton. Mrs. 
Charleton, Sir Thomas Holland (Indian 
Survey), Mr. and Mrs. James Rolph, 
Sir Alex. McRobert, Lady McRobert, 
in a draped -gown of raspberry’ crepe, 

Mrs. Quenzel, Dr. and Mrs. Patterson, j, n( j wVl j£ e ] ia t with blue; Dr. and Mrs. 
Mr. W. J. McWhinney, M. and Madame Baker Prpf H arker (Cambridge), Mrs. 

La Croix, Dr. Meyer, Mrs. Nairn, 
Mr. and Mrs. Parsons, Mr. Borroughs, 
Mr. Lamb, Mr. Cole. Dr. Goodwin, 
Miss Elliott, Mr. Moffatt. Mrs. Mof¬ 
fatt, Mr. and Mrs. Wilton Eddis, Mrs. 
Arnoldi. Miss Arnoldi, Ottawa; Mr. 
and Mrs. Goodwin Gibson. Miss 
Ethvlyn Gibson, Miss Mary McLen¬ 
nan. of Strathroy; Mrs. Squair. Mrs. 
Cross, Miss Adams, Mr. and Mfrs. 
James Allen. 

Pirso (U.S.). the president of Toronto 
University, M. Shikusuke Kozu, Dr. A. 
H. Phillips. Princeton; Mr. and Mrs. 
F. R. C. Reed, Cambridge; Dr. Kworrg 
Yung Kwang: Dr. Strachan, England; 
Mr. Bedford MacNeill, Mrs. MacNeill, 
in a gown of flowered chiffon over 
satin; Dr. and Mrs. Kemp (England), 
the latter in King’s blue crepe de chine 
and a black hat; Dr. and Mrs. Mat- 
theys (St. John. N.B.), and many 




S-Ua. (W. H - iCjpj, . 

'TIS 200,000,000 YEARS OLD 


Of Course, Some Modest Geologists Make Age as Little as 75,000,- 
000 Years —Oldest Part of World Is Around 
Lake of the Woods. 


"How old is the earth? Well, some 
say one thing and some another. Some 
■say seven hundred and fifty million 
years and some say seventy-five mil¬ 
lion. I’m inclined to think it’s more 
like two hundred million myself.” 

Thus did Professor Uhlric, an 
American delegate to the Geological 
Congress, inform The Star this morn¬ 
ing. “So, of course,” he added, “you 
can see there’s room for enoice.” 

"How do you make these calcula¬ 
tions?” asked the reporter- “Can it 
be explained to the lay mind?” 

“It can be. That is what our uni¬ 
versities are trying so hard to do. 
There are many different ways of 
reckoning, just as there are many dif¬ 
ferent conclusions arrived at.” 

“But what is the chief one?” 

“Well, the one which is most em¬ 
ployed might be explained’ in some 
such way as this: We have observed 
the rate at which certain kinds of rock 
are deposited on the ocean floor, lime¬ 
stone for example. We have an idea 
of all the sedimentary rock in the 
world and of the length of time it must 
have taken to deposit it there. So we 

take, the aggregate thickness of the 
several beds and add up the rate.” 

“What is the general result of this 

“Some say 75,000,000 years, but I 
am more inclined to put it at 200,000,- 
000 .” 

“What are (he other methods like?" 

“Likel I couldn’t begin to discuss 
them, except—well, there is one that 
is based on the depositions of radium. 
But”—with a shrug “that is meta¬ 
physical—impossible to describe.” 

"You see,” pointing to the map of 
Canada hanging on tho wall of 
the room, "we have a pretty dif¬ 
ficult task to make calculations like 
these you speak of. See Hudson’s 
Baj' there, for example. Tire sea 
covers that area at present, but there 
may have been a time when it was 
dry land and there may have been an¬ 
other big sea, say—here!” pointing at 
British Columbia.” 

“How could you tell?” 

“By the sedimentary rocks which 
must have been formed under water.” 

“Which do you call the oldest part 
of the earth?” 

“We don’t know. But the oldest to 
my knowledge is around your Lake of, 
i the Woods and the Laurentian Moun- 
' tains.” 


She and Mr. Dunlop ' entertained 
piembers of the Geological Congress in 
the beautiful grounds of their home on 
Saturday. Their little son is shown in 
the picture. 

DjuXJ. U- \Q 

I arties Will Investigate Interest¬ 
ing Formations in the Neigh¬ 
borhood of 1 oronto. 


I. Ih ic^ 


see the clay and sand deposits near 
Toronto, including the Don Valley 
[brick and the Swansea sand. 

On Thursday the Congress session 
in Toronto comes to a close- After the 
close of business, a special convoca¬ 
tion of, the University of Toronto will 
confer honorary degrees upon a num¬ 
ber of the members at 4 o’clock, and 
at 4.30 the Board of University Gov¬ 
ernors hold a garden party in the 
quadrangle of the main building fn 
honor of the delegates. 

C ' ViC “No% Pti0n u t0 Be a Bi< 3 Affair— 
No Speeches” the Feature. 

he passenger elevator at the James 
street entrance to the'City Hall was 
kept busy carrying more than human 
reight to-day. Palms, plants, shrubs. 

Council*Tuiifma 6re bein ” sent the 
I readiness . arn Lf 1 and the corridors in 

tendered til i h , e C ‘ Vic rece P«on to be 
tfonal fUi} deleg ' ates to Ore Interna- 
willl r g ‘ Cal Conference. Music 

bdit b orch^? nSed by ° ne 0f the ci tV‘s 
will he tiestras, and refreshments 

7 hnffef rV6d durins ' the evening at 
LS fl COn ? ieatly I°ca ted on the 
cn f •' the hal1 ’ Ma Yor Hock- 
of the e t CeiVe the delegates in behalf 
will TU F • and members of council 
viiJ also be introduced. There will be 
no speeches. Invitations havTbTm is¬ 
sued to a number of citizens and their 
vnes and upwards of a thousand peo¬ 
ple are expected at the reception. 

esides the regular business of Coun- 
J; r r d the srenera) meetings held 
:. ’ day ’ the following interesting 

of Thl UPO " the P r °gTam 

r the geologists assembled in Toronto 
a their twelfth international congress: 
n uesday also one party will leave 

,,, i° DU) by the ^agara boat for the 
alls, whale another will so t o view 
he Don Vai tey brick yards and the 

StTto%^ IS: and stlH another 
the ® car boro Heights an.d view 

A fnn«h°' S be ^ h " ^posits.. 
a tourth excursionist party on Tno« 
oay win go to the Forks of theCredR 

and the jSiar* 1 sandstone 

Eft » 

TTniversitv „ aaada a * the -Armories on 
sides iL h?,! ” U€ ' Two excursions be- 
ih© business program have been 
arranged for Wednesday, one to 

^ see the coral reefs, and 
the Richmond strata, and another to 

cltitc^vaiu.. Oiu^j.u- 



Foreign Delegates to Congress Worked 

Hard on Saturday and Enjoyed a 

Garden Party at Rosedale. . 

Notable contributions to science 
were included in many papers read at 
the Geological Congress on Saturday. 
An interesting paper was given by Mr. 

F. Connor, chemist of the Mines 
branch, Department of Mines, on 
"Some Notes on Rock Analysis.” In 
the determination of iron, said Mr. 
Connor, by the sulphuretted hydrogen 
method. It was formerly, the method to 
have considerable free sulphuric acid 
in the sulphate solution of the iron and 
alumina oxides when sulphuretted hy¬ 
drogen gas was passed through it to 
reduce the ferric sulphate. He found 
it difficult to obtain complete reduction 
by this method. Knowing that some 
reduction processes—that is, titanium 
by zinc in acid solution—are best ac¬ 
complished when the solution becomes 
nearly neutral, he successfully applied 
the same principle in the reduction of 
iron as follows: Excess of ammonia 
was added to the sulphuric acid solu¬ 
tion on the iron and alumina oxides, 
and after neutralizing with sulphuric 
acid about 2 c. c. of dilute sulphuric 
acid was added in excess. In this 
way the iron was speedily and com¬ 
pletely reduced. 


Dr. C. N. Gould, Oklahoma City, read 
a paper on “Occurrences of Petroleum 
and Natural Gas in the Mid-Continent 
Field.” The capacity of gas wells of 
tbv mid-continent field varies up to 50,- 
OOO.OOO cubic feet per day. A well re¬ 
cently drilled to a depth of less than 
700 feet in the new field of Loco, Ste¬ 
phens county, southwestern Oklahoma, 
is producing 25.000,000 cubic feet of 
gas per day. 


During Saturday’s sessions the fol¬ 
lowing papers were read: 

The Problems of Teutonic Experi¬ 
ments, by W. Paulcke, Karlsruhe, Ger¬ 
many. . 

The Relations of Seismic Disturb¬ 
ances in the Philippines to Geologic 
Structure, 'by M. S. Maso and Warren 
D. Smith, Manila, P. I. 

The Angle of Shear by Th. Dahl- 
blom, Falun, Sweden. 

Etxcavation Deformations, by D. Mc¬ 
Donald, Panama. 

Landslides and the Sinking of 
Ground Above Mines, by Ernest 
Howe, Newport, U. S. A. 

Natural Gas in Transylvania, by 
Jules de Szadeczky, Kolosvar, Hun¬ 

The Geological Occurrences of Pre¬ 
cious Stones on the American Contin¬ 
ent, by Geo. F Kunz. 

U'ber die Plastizitat des Steinsalzes 
und ihre Abhangigkeit von der Tem- 
peratur, by L. Milch, Germany. 

On a new Area of Nepheline Rocks 
by P, Quensel, Ups ala, Spain. 

A Physico-Chemical Contribution to 
the Study of Dolomitization by R. C. 
Wallace. Winnipeg, Canada. 


The garden party given by Mr. and 
Mrs. Dunlap, of 93 Highlands avenue. 
Rosedale. was a great success. The 
attendance was large, and the “Hieland 
Pipers" afforded the foreign delegates 
a great deal cf entertainment. The 
band of the 48th Highlanders was in 
attendance throughout the afternoon- 

1 ■ 


8H0WIN* r 


- 1 ■ _ 

^ ire., p.'ti.l/y 
[ —[ Are** unttfkre. fir es */—*§* 

ma aait tit rrrmv vmnn ation in these Arctlc regions is that 


- cover the working walls. The per- 

IN THE UNITED STATES. petually frost-covered underground 

workings present an exceedingly dec- 

interesting Deduction From Report to 
Geological Congress — World's Sup¬ 
ply of Fuel Summed Up. 

Some interestng facts were given 
in the paper on the world’s coal supply 
read by Mr. Leon Dominian to the 
Geological Congress. The facts are 
the result of an international survey 
carefully carried out, besides estima¬ 
ting the quantity of coal the quality 
of the fuel in each district was exam¬ 
ined, and the total report is a three 
volume one of some 1,200 quarto 

China has the bulk of the visible 
supply of the world, estimated at 
j 1,500,000,000,000 tons. The other 
countries stand as follows:— 

Area of 



Coal Fields 

of coal 

in Square 

In Billion 




Austria .. .. 

... 2,000 


Belgium .. .. 

.. 500 


Canada .. .. 

. .70,000 


France .. .. 

.. 3,000 


Germany .. .. 

.. 2,000 


Great Britain 

... 1200 


Japan . 

... 6,000 



... 5,000 



Among interesting statements made 
is that Asia Minor has good coal sup¬ 
plies untouched and imports coal from 
Britain. The furthest north settle¬ 
ment of the white man, Advent Bay, 

Spitsbergen, is due to the fact that 
coal is found there. It is 300 feet 
above sea level and 200 miners dig 
it out for an American company. The 
town has an electric car line and is 
known as Longyear City. 

According to the statement of em- ..__.. 

ployes, a remarkable feature of oper- | of the j^ext century. 

orative appearance, so that the min¬ 
ers endowed with a little imagination 
may fancy themselves at work in 
halls the walls of which have been 
studded with sparkling gems. 


In the United States the occurrence 
of coal is wide and varied. All grades 
from peat to anthracite, through lig- 
nitic and bituminous varieties, have 
been discovered. The eastern half 
of the country has been particularly 
favored. In the west the great nat¬ 
ural regions determined by the 
Rocky Mountains and Northern Great 
Plains also contain vast reserves. 

Over 550.000,000 tons of coal were 
mined in the different States of the 
Union in 1912. This quantity exceeded 
j the 1911 yield by about 50,000,000 tons. 
These figures give a fair idea of the 
marvelous increase of consumption. It 
1 is on comparing them with the 7,000,- 
000 tons produced in 1850, however, 
that we are able to judge how pertin¬ 
ently our present-day requirements 
lead us to inquire whether we are to 
face a future shortage or not. 


The area of the more accessible coal 
fields of the country is about 327,000 
square miles. The quantity of coal 
in store within their extent was esti¬ 
mated to amount to nearly 2,000 bil¬ 
lion tons. These figures will probably 
be increased when the final results of 
the congress are known. Taking this 
quantity as a basis, however, and pro¬ 
vided the rate of increase that has 
held for the last fifty years be main¬ 
tained, we are confronted with the 
fact that the supply of easily available 
I coal will be exhausted before the mid- 





Appeared to Appreciate Rest From 

,Recent Rush—Many Take in Excur¬ 

Yesterday afternoon afforded a 
pleasant opportunity for the visiting 
geologists to shelve their favorite 
study and stroll about the city, com¬ 
paring our architecture with that of 
the old world. 

The Muskoka excursion which left 
shortly before midnight on Saturday 
reduced the number in the city. How¬ 
ever, there were still sufficient num¬ 
bers to make a fair showing in the 
university lounge-room and to repre¬ 
sent their body in several churches 
about the city. 

St. Michael’s Cathedral claimed a 
large share of the worshippers. 


A small excursion left on the Metro¬ 
politan Railway on Saturday noon for 
the purpose of seeing the results of 
glacier action above the old north 
shore of Lake Ontario. 

The remains of this old body and 
Scarboro’ Bluffs formed the topic of 
discussion for a few of those in the 
lounge-room yesterday. The result of 
this little trip brought out the fact 
that all rocks and stones lying im¬ 
mediately to the north of our city— 
and even farther—do not belong to ' 

The excursion conductor did not 
wish to imply that Toronto had stolen 
these stones to supply building 
material for this rapidly expanding 
city. Rather that they had been 
swept down before the ice barrier 
which covered most of this continent 
| ages ago. 

An excursion left this morning for 
Orillia at eight o’clock. 

Much interest is being shown in 
the great excursion to-morrow to 
Niagara Palls. 

Emile Argan Named for Great Prize 

—Belgium Next, Spain or the Ar¬ 
gentine After That. 

LOST—About one hundred 
and seventy-fire geologists. If 
they are found, kindly direct 
them to the Physics Building, 
Toronto University. 

This is # were they were supposed 
to be this morning; but alas- they 
were not. Instead some forty mem¬ 
bers did their best to spread out over 
the theatre and make the building ima¬ 
gine it was crowded. This meeting 
was to hear the report of the Coun¬ 
cil and the International Committees. 

The audience was small and the re¬ 
ports were likewise for they just cov¬ 
ered three matters of business. 

It was definitely decided to hold the 
next convention in Brussels, Belgium, 
during the summer of 1917. Two in¬ 
vitations one from the Spanish Gov¬ 
ernment and the other from the rulers 
of the Argentine Republic were read 
for the meeting of 1921- Both these 
invitations were referred to the Brus- 
sells Committee. Spain appeared to 
he the favorite place and the invita¬ 
tion was lengthy; .setting forth the 
good things in store for the Congress 
should they accept. 


Emile Argand, France, has been 
named worthy of receiving the Spen- 
diaroff prize. This will give him the 
sum of $400 when he next takes a 
trip to Gay Paree. 

~ This prize is donated to the congress 
by . a. Russian family whose son died 
while on one of the congress excur¬ 
sions, -to the Ural Mountains. It is 
presented for the most interesting! 
paper prepared since the meeting of 
the last general assembly. 

The subject chosen by Eimile Argand 
was “The Overthrusts of the Eastern 
Alps,” and his essay was written in 

“These overthrusts are very inter¬ 
esting phases of mountain geology,” 
said one of the officials to The Tele¬ 
gram. There is a fine specimen in 
the Rccfky Mountains just outside of 
Banff. They appear to he caused by 
sea pressure crushing the heated earth 
surface up in a heap and in the case 
of our Banff overthrust the entire 
mountain has been shoved seven miles 
out of its original place. The same 
thing is noticed in the Alps and has 
been given much study of late.” 

■The third report was that of pass¬ 
ing on a. suggestion for a great work 
to the next council. Dr. Hobbs, of 
Washington, proposed that a great 
work be prepared dealing with the 
“Fracture Systems of the Earth’s 
Crust.” A learned gentleman, sitting 
next to The Telegram, converted this 
.into human 'English. 

“The many great valleys about the 
earth,” he said, "have been caused 
by the earth drying and cooling, sim¬ 
ilar to a wet bed of clay, under the 
sun’s rays. Dr. Hobbs wants a great 
investigation into this; but we have 
been so busy with our excursions and 
our coal reports that we cannot give 
the matter attention until 1917.” • 


There was a long list of papers and 
lectures on the board for this morn¬ 
ing’s meeting. 

“Is Dr. - ready with his paper?” 

asked the president. He was on the 
missing list- “Is Prof. —- here?” 
He was not. 

“May we have paper No. 3?” 

• U-tO|l3 ( 


I And so some seventeen names were 
I called out and all were among the 
I tem porarily lost- Things looked 
I pretty blue for a time, but the day 
was saved. 


The president looked over the sea of 
vacant seats and away up in one cor¬ 
ner he spied his old friend Bailey Wil¬ 

"Could Mcr. Willis give us a short 
talk for a few minutes?” he inquired. 
He could and he would. As the gentle¬ 
man named walked jip the aisle two 
elderly members of the congress put 
their heads together. 

“There’s a man who can talk.” said 
one. "His father was N. P. Willis, the 
poet. He has inherited his father’s 
ability.” ' 

The speaker was a good prophet, 
for it would be difficult to find a more 
interesting talk—and all made on the 
spur of the moment without map, note 
or preparation. ' 

Mr. Willis afterwards gave his card 
to The Telegram. He is at present 
Chief of the Hydrographic Survey of 
the Argentine Republic. He went to 
that southern empire some few years 
ago for the Smithsonian Institute. At 
that time the Minister of Public 
Works was trying to find artesian wa¬ 
ter for the arid lands of eastern Ar¬ 
gentina. Mr. Willis dropped him a 
tip of applied geology and told him 
that if he drilled to the centre of the 
earth at that point he would still 
strike dryness. 

The Minister appointed him director 
of a survey which was to study the 
geology of the Argentine, in an at¬ 
tempt to locate water of this nature, 
but after a short time the survey was 
disbanded. “The reason was simple,” 
said the speaker, "for there is no wa¬ 
ter there.” 


“After our water survey was dis¬ 
banded we reorganized to make maps 
of great tracts of land that were al- 
I most unknown,” said the speaker, “and 
! I have been authorized to make my re- 
1 port public in two languages: Spanish 
and English. 

“The minister told me that if the re¬ 
port were published in Spanish only, 
it would die; but if published in Engr 
lish also it would live'. And he was an 
Argentine himself. This is a power¬ 
ful example of the might of our ton¬ 


Prof. Milch, in his very best German, 
told of a series of experiments he had 
been making to determine the action 
of crystals under heat. He produced 
a black frame- lined with velvet, on 
which were glued little crystal-like 
masses. A close inspection showed 
that they were crystals of rock salt 
and bent to letters which read: "12th 
International Geological Congress, Tor¬ 
onto, 1913.” This frame is to be pre¬ 
sented to Dr. Adams, president of the 
General Congress. 

“I hope we have a better turn-out 
for the afternoon lectures,” said a wor¬ 
ried-looking individual as he left the 

"Oh, well,” replied his comrade “if 
the worst comes to the worst. I’ll come 
and be an audience for your paper.” 

'Viorvtd. (\vUJ. 


V*. i tv'*' 

Brussels Selected as Next 
Centre by International 


More than 200 geologists intend to 
take the trip, and the majority of 
them were present at the illustrated 
lecture. Two special trains will carry 
the party across the continent, and 
the trains will travel over tlm C. P. R-. 
G. T. P. and O. N. R. lines. When the 
party reach Victoria, some of them 
will leave on a trip thru the yukon. 
■while the remainder of the party will 
return to Toronto. It Is expected that 
they will he back by Setempber 7. 


Many of the Delegates Visit 
Muskoka and Other Places 
of Interest. 


A Study in Mariners of aii Na¬ 
tions at Brilliant Civic Re¬ 
ception to Geologists. 

Many were the bids made yesterday 
for the next International Geological 
Congress, which is to be held in 1917. 
Invitations were extended by Belgium, 
Argentine Republic, Chili and Spain, 
and these were all considered by the 
council yesterday when they met to 
choose between the countries. The 
highest bidder turned out to be Bel¬ 
gium, but it was only after a good 
deal of discussion that the council de¬ 
cided to accept the invitation. The 
meetings will be hold in Brussels, the 
capital. In J920 it Is likely that the 
congress will be held in the Argentine 
Republic, and in 1924, Madrid, Spain, 
will have her turn. 

As the sessions of the congress 
draw to a close the attendance at the 
aneetings shows signs of falling off. 
In the past two days,many impromptu 
out-of-town trips have been arranged, 
and a trip to most of the geologists is a 
bigger lure than a lecture. 

Trip to Muskoka. 

The trip to Muskoka, which was 
held on Sunday, was one of the most 
miccessf-ul yet held. G. G. S. Lindsey 
of Toronto was in charge of the jaunt, 
and more than 60 geologists were in 
the party. Ail day Sunday they tour¬ 
ed the Muskoka Lakes, and It was 
early yesterday morning before they 
returned to the city. 

Yesterday morning at 8 o’clock 15 
members took I he trip to Orillia, in 
charge of W. A. Johnston of the Geo¬ 
logical Survey of Canada. 

The lecture room was crowded to 
the doors during the afternoon to hear 
the economic addresses on the subject 
of the “Influence of Depth on the 
Character of Metalliferous De¬ 
posits." Six authorities gave address¬ 
es which were of great, interest, to the 
(mining men. The lecturers treated dif¬ 
ferent phases of the subject, and, as 
In religious discussions, they were 
'compelled to agree to disagree. The 
lecturers were ,T. F. Kemp of New 
York: Paul Kruseh of Berlin. Ger¬ 
many; W. IT. Rramons, Minneapolis: 
I.. L. Fertnorg Calcutta, India; Paul 
F- Fanning. Manila, and Malcolm 
Maciaren of London, England. 

At 5 o’clock. Dr. W. F. Hume, direc¬ 
tor of the geological survey of Egypt., 
(rave an illustrated lecture on the 
■eenery of the Egyptian desert, oasis, 
cataract and mountain wildernesses. 
The slides Illustrated the occasion and 
origin of the desert erosion forms and 
were of great interest. 

Another illustrated lecture, perhaps 
the most entertaining lecture that has 
been given at the congress, was one 
given directly after lunch by Cy War- 
tman of the Grand Trunk Pacific Rail¬ 
way. The illustrated slides dealt witli 
scenery along the transcontinental 
line, and particularly with the scen¬ 
ery in thp mountains in British Col¬ 
umbia in the vicinity of the yellow- 
head Pass and the Skeena River. 

This lecture was of special interest 
to the members who intend to leave 
on Thursday evening for the coast. 

The city hall took on a festive ap¬ 
pearance last night when ,a civic re¬ 
ception was held in honor of the 
gealogluts who were attending the in-1 
ternational congress in the city The 
receptions in honor of the hydro¬ 
electric and the Duke and Duchess of 
Connaught caused bigger rushes than 
Ithe one last night held in honor, of the 
geologists, but never before in the 
history of the city hall has there been 
such a number of nationalities re¬ 

Mayor Hocken and Mrs. Hocken, 
who extended the official civic, wel- 
I come, had a difficult task before them 
| for the representatives of every na¬ 
tionality represented had a different 
manner of returning the salutation. 
Those from the United States, Great 
Britain and the British colonies ex¬ 
tended the usual curt greeting of the 
Anglo-Saxon, but with the Spaniards 
the style changed, while the polished 
Russians and Hungarians almost 
touched, the floor in their sweeping 
bows. Passing out front the council 
chamber, which was banked with 
flowers, the Quests divided into little 
groups, listening to the music of the 
two orchestras, and conversing. 

Among the citizens who attended 
the reception were members^ of the 
city council, former Mayors Urquhart 
and Oliver and their families, Con¬ 
troller T. L. Church, chairman of the 
reception committee; J. W. Somers, 
secretary of the reception committee, 
and the following members of the To¬ 
ronto committee: Prof. A. P. Cole¬ 
man, W. F. Ferrler, Gerhard Helntz- 
mari, Prof. T. L. Walker. R. L. Iloro, 
- B.A., W. H. McNalrn, Prof. W. A. 
Parks, James McEvoy, A- G. Burrows, 
W. G. Miller, Provincial Geologist A. 
L. Parsons, A. B, Willmott, Percy 
Hopkins, G. G. S. Lindsay, K.C., and 
Aid. Ryding. 

At the civic reception to the geologists 
last night in the city hall. His Worship 
[the Mayor of Toronto and Mrs. Hocken 
(received in the council chamber, on the 
steps of the throne. Mrs. Hocken look¬ 
ed very handsome in blush rose satin, 
draped with pale gray ninon, and real 
lace with diamond ornaments. Her bou¬ 
quet of the most exquisite orchids was 
a masterpiece from the civic hothouses, 
being composed of at least a dozen or 
more varieties of the most beautiful 
flowers, from sprays of the tiniest “jew¬ 
elled” orchid to a very large one like 
purple velvet, the whole surrounded 
with fine maiden hair fern. 

The board of governors of the Uni¬ 
versity of Toronto have issued invita¬ 
tions to a garden party In honor of the 
International Geological Congress in the 
university quadrangle on Thursday, the 
14th inst., from 4.30 to 6 o’clock. 

SJcik.lW la-icp.63 


Geologists Calculate Dates From 
the Wearing of the 


Four out-of-town excursions to-day 
took most of the delegates to the In¬ 
ternational Geological Congress away 
from the central rendezvous at Toron¬ 
to University. Dr. Coleman took a 
party of 56 members out to see the in- 
Iter-giacial evidence in the clay depos¬ 
its of the Don Valley and at the brick 
works. In the afternoon this same 
party went to Scarboro to see the gla¬ 
cial and inter-glacial effects visible in 
the famous cliffs of Scarboro Heights. 

A third party, under Dr. Parks of 
Toronto University, went to Credit 
Forks at 7.20 to see the formations 
there, and the fossils in the rock ex¬ 
posed at the quarries and by the river. 
Special interest attaches to this dis¬ 
trict owing to the discovery there 
about a year and a half ago of a new 
geological formation. It has been 
called the Cataract formation. Dr. 
Parks of Toronto and Dr. Schuchert 
of Yale are responsible for the dis¬ 
tinguishing of the Cataract formation 
from others, and both of these gentle¬ 
men went to the Forks to-day. 

Two parties went to Niagara Falls, 
one on the boat at 7.30 and another on 
the 9 o’clock boat. The geology of Ni¬ 
agara Gorge and of the falls is par¬ 
ticularly interesting to visitors, as it 
has been featured in geological text 
books for a generation or more. It 
presents a regular sedimentary series 
•to plain view—limestone, sandstone, 
and shales. The wearing back of the 
gorge from Queenston to the falls in 
their present situation is universally 
regarded by geologists as one of the 
authoritative gauges of the passage of 
time in a geological sense- 



Delights of the Island Revealed 
to Distinguished 

Chevalier J. Enoch Thompson, Span¬ 
ish Consul, entertained the three dele¬ 
gates of the Spanish Government at¬ 
tending the Geological Congress to 
dinner' at the Royal Canadian Yacht 
| Club at the Island last evening. Sr. 
Pablo Fabreda Is professor of geology 
at the School of Engineers and mines 
at Madrid. Sr. Enrique Dupuy de 
Lome is a eon of the former Spanish 
Ambassador to the United States. He 
is a mining engineer. Sr. Augstin 
Martin Y. Bertran de Lis, besides the 
Spanish Government, represents the 
Spanish Institute of Geology and tho 
Loyal Geographical Society of Madrid. 

To meet these distinguished gentle¬ 
men, Chevalier Thompson Invited 
Rear-Commodore C. A. B. Brown, of 
the Yacht Club; D. R. Alber- 
tini, the Cuban Consul; Mr. G. 
Frank Wilson, Mr. F. I. Fox, Mr. J. E. 
Atkinson, and F. M. Bell-Smith. The 
Spanish visitors were delighted with 
Tcronto Island. One of them main-! 
tained his geological enthusiasm 
throughout, and tapped his hammer 
on the stone blocks of the breakwater 
with great interest, .j 


Swedish Socialist, Attending the 
Conference Here Tells of 
the Work Abroad. 

SW. • l & * \ Cj 1 

To Visit Socialists Elsewhere. 

Dr. Backstrom will travel through 
Western Canada after the conference, 
and will not only interest himself in 
the geological problems of the West 
hut will meet a number of the pro’ 
tnment Socialists and Labor leaders 
\ lth a view to gathering information 
about (lie spread of Socialist thought 

The n.Tt ?n ent ,° f ^anization “in 
that part of Canada. 


Will Visit Various Socialistic 
Organizations in Canada 
and the States. 

Professor H. Backstrom of Sweden, 
one of the geological delegates upon 
whom was conferred the degree of 
LL.D., by McGill University recently, 
is one of the most prominent figures 
among these now attending the con¬ 
ference in Toronto. He brings to the 
conference not only the interest of a 
geologist, but also the desire to learn 
something of social science. Yester¬ 
day afternoon he spent some time -with 
Mr. James Simpson gathering infor¬ 
mation with reference to the develop¬ 
ment of the labor movement in Can¬ 
ada, both political and industrial. His 
interest in the labor problem has been 
lifelong and as one of the foremost 
leaders in the Socialist movement in 
Sweden he has been elected to the 
Swedish Upper House, similar to the 
Senate of Canada, and the House of 
Lords in England. 

Dr. Backstrom manifests a keen in¬ 
terest in the political activities of the 
workers in Canada, and was anxious 
to learn what progress the Socialists 
were making to place men in the 
Municipal Councils, Provincial Legis¬ 
latures, and Federal Parliament He 
stated that in the Senate of Sweden 
he was among a very strong Con¬ 
servative wing of the Parliamentari¬ 
ans, but in the Lower House the So¬ 
cialists, Radicals, and Liberals are 
very strong and are making their in¬ 
fluence upon the national life. He. re¬ 
ferred to the bitterness between Nor¬ 
way and Sweden a few years ago, 
when the treaty between the two 
countries was broken by Norway. 

Prevented a War. 

“At that time the ruling class in the 
two countries were very anxious to 
have a war,” he said, ‘‘but the Social¬ 
ists, and many of the Radicals and 
Liberals, were strongly opposed to a 
resort to arms. The ruling class re¬ 
alized that they could not depend upon 
the great mass of the people who 
had no sympathy with war, and there 
was no war. It was chiefly the in¬ 
fluence of the Socialists that prevent¬ 
ed the two nations going to war.” 

Dr. Backstrom is keenly interested 
in the question of immigration and is 
informing himself on the various 
means employed in Canada to citizen- 
ize the thousands of immigrants from 
other countries. He thinks this is one 
of the big problems that Canada has 
to grapple with and that considerable 
work will have to be done to develop 
a sturdy Canadianism among those 
from foreign countries who have to 
learn the English language and be¬ 
come informed about the countries 
institutions, and laws. He has been 
so favorably impressed with what he 
has seen of Canada that he stated 
his preference fpr this country as his 
home land, if Sweden was no longer a 
place where he wished to live. 

Civic -Reception to Geologists 

A most brilliant affair was the civic 
reception held last evening in the City 
Hall in honor of the visiting geolog¬ 
ists. His Worship the Mayor and 
Mrs. Hocken received the guests in 
the council chambers, on the steps of 
the throne. Mrs. Hocken was gowned 
in pale rose .satin, veiled in pearl grey 
ninon, with real lace and diamonds, 
and carried an exquisite bouquet of 
orchids, a triumph in flowers from the 
civic hothouses, all varieties of these 
wonderful blooms being represented, 
and gracefully combined with maiden 
hair fern. Representatives of all 
nationalities were present, and the 
evening proved most interesting. 
From the council chamber the guests 
Wended their way to other parts of 
the hall, which had been handsomely 
arranged for the occasion. Two or¬ 
chestras provided delightful music. A 
buffet supper was served in the cor¬ 
ridor, many beautiful flowers being 
used in the decorations, both on the 
tables and the rooms. 

Among those present were members 
of the City Council, former Mayors 
Urquhart and Oliver and their fam¬ 
ilies. Controller T. L. Church, chair¬ 
man of the reception committee; J. 
W. Somers, secretary of the reception 
committee, and the following mem¬ 
bers of the Toronto committee: Prof. 
A. P. Coleman, W. F. Ferrier, Gerhard 
Heintzman, Prof. T. L. Walker, R. E. 
Hore, B.A., W. H. McNairn, Prof. W. 
A. Parks. James McEvoy, A. G. Bur¬ 
rows. W. G. Miller, Provincial Geo¬ 
logist A. L. Parsons. A. B. Willmott, 
Percy Hopkins, G. G. S. Lindsay', K.C., 
and Aid. Ryding. 

Dr. Adams’ Dinner Party 

The following were guests a.t a din¬ 
ner party given at the York Club by 
Dr. Frank D. Adams, president of 
the International Geological Congress: 
Mr. G. G. S. Lindsey, K.C., vice- 
president Canadian Mining Institute; 
Mr. D. R. Wilkie, president of 
the Imperial Bank; Mr. Bedford Mc¬ 
Neil, London; Prof. Steinmann, Bonn, 
Germany, Koniglich Preussiche 
Rheiniche Friederich-Wilhelms Uni- 
versitat; Mr. McDermid, London; Mr. 
Arnold Hague, Washington; Mr. 
Whitman Cross, Washington; Mr. Id- 
dings, Washington; Mr. Pirsson, Yale 
University, Llnited States; Dr. Keidel, 
Argentine Republic, University Na¬ 
tional de Buenos Aires; Dr. G. Otis 
Smith. United States Geological Sur¬ 
vey; Dr. Sederholm, Geological Sur¬ 
vey of Finland; Dr. Molengraaff, Hol¬ 
land, Gouvemement des Pays-Bas; 
Dr. M. Inouye, Geological Survey of 
Japan; Dr. W. Vernadsky, St. Peters¬ 
burg, Government of Russia: Dr. 

W. F. Hume, Geological Survey of 
Egypt: Dr. G. A. L. Cole, Royal 
Irish Academy, Ireland; Dr. John 
H-orne, the University, Aberdeen, 
Scotland; Dr. Termier. Directeur du 
Service de la Carte Geoloique de la 
France; Dr. Aubrey Strahan, Geo¬ 
logical Society of London, London; 
Dr. Frank D. Adams, McGill Univer¬ 
sity, Montreal; Dr. P. Krusch, Konigl 
Pressuiche Geologisoshe Landesan- 
stalt. Berlin; Dr. de Margerie, Societe 
de Geographic, Paris; Prof. A. Roth- 
pletz, Koniglisch Bayerische Ludwig- 
Maximilians Universitat; Munchen, 
Germany; President Falconer of the 
University of Toronto. 


Many of Them Professors 
Universities on Moderate 



And Fifteen Months’ Work 
to Prepare for the 


A full list of the geological societies 
in tile world has been published by the 
congress, and their lists of members 
are now on file. This exhaustively 
covers the whole world, and is the re¬ 
sult of a 16 months' work on the part 
of the correspondence staff. The 'num¬ 
ber of geologists in the world is shown 
to total at over 18,000, while the min¬ 
ing engineers number 126,000. 

The first, circulars were sent out in. 
May, 1912, in Englash and in French,' 
The English circulars went to all Eng¬ 
lish-speaking countries, and account¬ 
ed for half of the total. The other 
countries were all circularized in 
French, the official language of the con¬ 
gress. Follow-up circulars were sent 
out in February, May, and June of 
this year. The resulting lists were 
printed and a copy mailed back to 
each society for correction. The re¬ 
vised lists are now on file, and the 
staff is proud of their thoroughness. 

Governments Contributed. 

The $75,000 fund for the general ex¬ 
penses of the Congress was collected 
by public and private subscriptions. 
The Dominion Government gave $25,- 
000 in oash and a guarantee, the On¬ 
tario Government "$7,000, Quebec $5,000, 
British Columbia $5,000, Nova Scotia 
$2,500. The Coniagas Mine of Cobalt 
donated $1,000. The Canadian Copper 
Company $500, the Mond Nickel Com¬ 
pany $500, the Hollinger of Porcupine 
$500, the Le Roy No. 2 of Rosslamd 
headed a long list of $50 contributions. 

Average Cost $400. ® 

The average personal cost to the 
delegates from Europe would approxi¬ 
mate $400. If a geological visitor from 
say Paris, France, were to have taken 
in all the excursions possible, as well 
as the ten days in Toronto, and in¬ 
cluding the Yukon trip, his. outlay 
would reach $1,200- If he brought his 
wife along, as some of the delegates 
did, the cost would be double, or more. 
The Western trip to Victoria costs 
200 per head. The Yukon excursion, 
lor which a special steamer ha.s been 
chartered and upon which 50 mem¬ 
bers have been booked, costs $400. 
The return Atlantic passage costs $200. 
Other excursions, and travelers’ ex¬ 
penses, bring up the total to well over 
$1,000 for those who take in every¬ 
thing possible on the programme. 

Geologists Not Wealthy. 

Geologists as a class are hot reputed 
as a wealthy lot Comfortable .de¬ 
scribes their situation better. A few 
of the mining engineers are wealthy 
where they have embraced finance ,as 
well as geology. But the typical geolo¬ 
gist is an academic person, with a pro¬ 
fessorship in a university yielding him 
an assurance of an income for life. He 
works hard, he travels a great deal. 

land he endures strange and trying cli¬ 
mates and foods with philosophic 
cheerfulness. But as a rule is not 

Collecting Specimens. 

Nearly all the visiting geologists 
have made extensive Canadian collec¬ 
tions on this trip- They are being 
carefully boxed and shipped home to 
all parts of the world. In one of the 
forwarding companies there is a store 
room full of such boxes, awaiting final 


So Geologists Say After Examining 
Fossils in Don 

The 62 members of Dr. Coleman’s 
party to the Don Valley this morning 
spent an interesting three hours in a 
remarkable section. The glacial de¬ 
posits visible in the brick yard work¬ 
ings are unions, in that no such plain¬ 
ly marked records have been found 
elsewhere in Canada. The fossil re¬ 
mains of the interglacial portion of 
the deposits prove that Toronto at no 
great time in the geological past en¬ 
joyed a climate similar to that in 
Southern Pennsylvania and Ohio, hav¬ 
ing been very much .warmer. This 
genial climatic condition developed, 
according to the records preserved to 
geologists in the. clay of the Don Val¬ 
ley between periods of extreme .gla¬ 
ciation. ’* 

■ 12.M 


Dinner at York Club. 

The following were guests at a di 
ner party given at the York Club i 
Dr. Frank D. Adams, President 
the International Geological Co 
.gress. Mr. G. G. S. Lindsey, K.( 
| Vice-President Canadian Mining I 

Mr - P t R ' WiIkie - President 
it! 1 * Il " pe " aI Bank : Mr. Bedford M 
,Aeil. London; Prof. Steinmann. Bon 
I S e h r “ anjr ; Koniglich Preussicl 
I Rheinische Friederich-Wilhelms Un 
' M k' McDermid, London; M 

Arnold Hague, Washington: M 

i vv hitman Cross, Washington; Mr It 

clings, Washington; Mr. Pirsson Ya 
University, United States; Dr. keide 
Argentine Republic, University Nf 
tionale de Buenos Aires: Dr G Ot 

vev th r-J :r ^ f* tes Geological Sui 
HI’ Sederholm, Geological Sui 

'ey,°f Finland: Dr. Molengraaf, Ho 

nP d Vr G ? UVernement des Pays-Bas 
Dr. M., Geological Survey c 
Japan; Dr. W. Vernadsky. St. Peters 
burg Government of Russia; Dr. W 
F. Hume, Geological Survey o 
Egypt Dr. G. A. L. Cole, Royal Iris! 
Academy, Ireland: Dr. John Horne 
n,. University, Aberdeen, Scotland 
Di Termier. Directeur du Service d 
la Carte Geologique de la France- Di 
Aubrey Strahan. Geogolical Society o 
London, London: Dr. Frank D 
Adams, McGill University, Montreal 

l y u sch, Konigl Pressuichi 
Geologische Landesanstalt, Berlin 
Dr. de Margerie, Societe de Geo- 
'r P a £ s: Prof ' A ' Rothpletz 

mUhilf 1 £ - Bayerische Ludwig-Maxi- 
milions Universitat, Munchen. Ger¬ 
many: President Falconer of the 
Lnh ersity of Toronto. 

f ^cul * ' Owu^. I Z.* i 15 • 



Excursions Into the Country 
Form Chief Part of Best 
of Programme. 


Members Were Guests of 


Mayor at Reception in 
City Hall. 

The great gathering of geologists 
iwho have been meeting in Toronto 
jnow for the better part of a week di¬ 
vide their work into two parts, each 
in its way as important as the other, 
Having given four days to exchanging 
views and absorbing information of 
I* geological construction and its signifi¬ 
cance in widely separated parts of the 
world, gathered by scientists of all 
races, the members of the congress are 
now preparing to leave the confiding 
walls of the University Buildings and 
conduct their further investigations in 
the open. Only one more day will be 
given over to lectures, the rest of the 
time between now and the closing of 
the congress on Thursday bding devot¬ 
ed to excursions to various surround¬ 
ing points of geologic interest in the 

The congress yesterday, in addition 
j to listening to a number of interesting 
papers, including one by M. Emile 

fljA.rgand, of Paris, the recipient of the 
Spendiaroff prize, and another by Dr. 
1. J. Kemp, professor of geology at Col¬ 
umbia University, fixed upon the meet¬ 
ing place for the next congress, ac¬ 
cepting the invitation of the Govern¬ 
ment of Belgium to meet in Brussels 
In 1917. For the 1921 congress invi¬ 
tations have been received from Spain 
i and Argentina. 

The geologists wound up the day by 
1 visiting the City Hall, where they were 
| formally welcomed by Mayor Hocken 
' and the City Council, 

Overthrusts of the Alps. 

M. Emile Argarud, of Paris, the re¬ 
cipient of the Spendiairoff Prize, the 
giflt of a Russian fa/mily whose son died 
while rwith an excursion to the Ural 
Mountain® organized by the congress, 
spoke on “The Oventhrusts of the 
Eastern Alps.” One important matter 
to be discussed at the Brussels congress 
In 1917 is the proposal of Dr- Hob'bs, of 
Washington, that a great work be pre¬ 
pared on the subject of “The Fracture 
Systems of the Earth’s Crust.” Many 
of the lectures scheduled for this 
morning had to ‘be passed, owing to the 
absence of the lecturer®. 

The afterdoon session gave a better 
showing, and large audiences were 
present to hear the addresses of the 
various speakers, Perhaps the most 
Interesting of these, from a geological 
point of view, was that of Dr. J. J. 
Kemp, professor of geology at polum- 

bia University, U.S.A., on “The Influ-, 
ence of Depth on the Character of 
Metalliferous Deposits.” He dwelt es¬ 
pecially upon t!he effect of increasing 
depth upon those geological conditions 
which influence the precipitation of 
ores, and referred, as instances of deep 
boring, to the mines of Keweenaw 
Point, Lake Superior, where several 
shafts exceed a depth of 5,000 feet, as 
well as to those of Minas Geraes, Bra¬ 
zil. The deepest borings, said Dr. 
Kemp, had either copper or gold as 
fcheir objective, but precipitation was 
most favorable at a depth of 2,000 to 
4,000 feet. A point of great interest 
was the extent of enrichment in regard 
to depth, but secondary enrichment 
was limited to a shoTt stretch below 
the ground-water. 

On Metal Formations. 

Other papers were read by Professor 
W. Harvey Emmons, of the University 
of Minnesota, U.S.A., on "The Mineral) 
Composition of Primary Ore as a Fac- | 
tor Determining the Vertical Range of 
Metals Deposited by Secondary Pro¬ 
cess”; by Dr. L. Leigh Fermor, of the 
Geo-logical Survey of India, on “The 
Formation in Depth of Oxidized Ores 
rad of Secondary Limestones”; and by 
ProfessoT Paul Krusch, of the Royal 
Geological Institute, Berlin, Germany, 
»n “Primary and Secondary Ores, with 
Special Relation to the Colloid and 
Heavy Metal Ores.” 

The last-named gentleman, though 
speaking in German, was listened to 
with marked attention, and his audi¬ 
ence unanimously endorsed the pro¬ 
posal of the chairman that he be al¬ 
lowed five minutes longer than the 
allotted time- 

In fiib- second section Professor , 
Bailey Willis gave an interesting ad¬ 
dress on his discoveries during a sur¬ 
vey in Argentina. 

Received at City Hall. 

At half-pagt eight the members and 
their ladies began to arrive at the City 
Hall to attend a reception given to them 
by the Mayor and City Council of Toronto. 
His Worship and Mrs. Hocken received 
their guests fh the Council Chamber amid 
a profusion of palms and flowers, the 
names being announced by Professor 
I Coleman, of Toronto University. Music 
was provided in the hall by two excellent 
bands, and, after the reception, refresh¬ 
ments were served. The company num¬ 
bered over 500. Each member of the con¬ 
gress has been presented with a special 
copy of “ Toronto of To-day,” with an 
illuminated title-page bearing the legend 
“ To commemorate the 12th International 
•Geological Congress, 1913, Toronto, Can¬ 

Study Glacial Beaches. 

A large number of the members left 
Toronto by the 8.05 a.m. Grand Trunk 
train yesterday on an excursion to Orillia, 
with the object of studying the post¬ 
glacial beaches in the old strand line of 
Algonquin Lake, as well as some interest¬ 
ing features of post-glacial drainage. 

Another large party took the 10.30 p.m. 
C.P.R. train for Belmont Lake, which wi.l 
be reached by carriage from Havelock. 
Should time permit visits will be made to 
iron and gold mines in the vicinity. 

To-day excursions have begTi arranged 
to Niagara Falls, the Don Valley, Scar- 
boro Heights and Credit River. At the 
Don Valley the members will De afforded 
facilities for the collection of Pleistocene 
fossils from the Toronto Interglacial for¬ 
mation. while at Scarboro Heights they 
will have an opportunity to see Iroquois 
beach deposits, and a beautiful section of 
the Pleistocene, in which four distinct 
sheets of till are exposed. The feature 
of Interest at Credit River will be the 
scenery, while the Forks are famous as 
t *? e sfte °f former extensive quarrying 
of the Cataract sandstone. The region 
abounds with specimens typical of the | 

.13. 'C|t3 65 



All Nationalities Were Represented at the 
Civic Reception for the Geological 


Never before was such a cosmo¬ 
politan gathering held, or more suc¬ 
cessful reception given, in the City 
Hall than the one of last evening at 
the City Hail by the Mayor and City 
Council in honor of the Geological 
Congress. The guests, from all parts 
of the world, expressed great interest 
and pleasure on seeing the beautiful 
corridors, paintings and decorations 
of the building. The Mayor and Mrs. 
Hocken received the guests in the 
Council Chamber, the spacious room 
lending itself to the artistic decora¬ 
tions of ferns and palms, among 
which twinkled myriads of tiny 
lights. Mrs. Hocken was handsome¬ 
ly gowned in pale pink brocaded satin 
with a gracefully draped tunic of 
pale grey ninon and real lace. She 
wore diamond and pearl ornaments 
and carried a beautiful bouquet of 
orchids of many varieties. 

The main corridors were decorated 
in the same way as the Council 
Chamber with the addition of a great 
many large box trees. The handsome 
marble staircases and stately win¬ 
dows were banked with numbers of 
palms, ferns and tropical plants. 

A dainty buffet supper was served 
at the west end of the main corridor 
.from tables made lovely with sum¬ 
mer flowers and softly shaded 

The two splendid orchestras, one 
of which played upstairs, were ad¬ 
mirably conducted by Mr. Oswald 
Roberts. The reception committee 
were Mr. J. W. Somers, Mr. T. 
L. Church, Prof. Coleman, Mr. W. F. 
Ferrier, Mr Gerhard Heintzman, 
Prof. T. L. Walker, Mr. R. E. Hore. 
B.A., Mr. W. H. McNairn, Prof. W. A. 
Parks, Mr. James McEvoy, Mr. A, G. 
Burrows, Mr. W. G. Miller, Mr. A. L. 
Parsons, Mr. A. B. Willmott, Mr. 
Percy Hopkins, Mr. G. G. S. Lindrey, 
K.C., and Aid. Ryding. 

A few of the many guests present 
were: Mr. and Mrs. Gerhard Heintz¬ 
man, the latter in a becoming gown 
of sapphire blue satin with an over¬ 
dress of black lace and a sapphire 
and diamond pendant; Miss Cornelia 
Heintzman, in pale pink satin with 
pearls; Mr and Mrs. Otto Palm, the 
latter wearing a gown of cerise vel¬ 
vet;- Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Murray, the 
latter in a white chiffon gown em¬ 
broidered in pink; Mr. and Mrs. 
'Wencheli of Minneapolis, Mrs. 
Wenchell wore one of the most stun¬ 
ning gowns at the reception, white 
brocaded chiffon over palest pink 
charmeuse, handsomely trimmed 
with pearls. Another striking gown 
of black charmeuse with an over¬ 
dress of hand-painted chiffon, was 
worn by Mrs. Freeh, wife of Profes¬ 
sor Freeh; Mrs. Walter Ferrier in 
blue satin with real lace; Miss Doro¬ 
thy Ferrier looked handsome in 

cerise satin; Miss Elizabeth Gregory 
of Boston, looked pretty in white 
with a tunic of silver; Miss Anna 
Rathgen of Germany, wore a becom¬ 
ing gown of black satin, Mr. and Mrs. 
Fermor, from India, the latter in 
palest pink with diamante trimming; 
Mr. and Mrs. Quensel, the latter look¬ 
ing charming in a gown of black satin 
and real lace; Madam Hoffmann, in 
black with sequins. 

Others were: Mr. and Mrs. Mc¬ 
Neil, Mr. and Mrs. Holtedahl, Prof, 
and Mrs. Parks, Mr. and Mrs. Morley 
W'ickett, Alderman and Mrs. Mc- 
Brien, Prof, and Mrs. J. Murray- 
dark, Mr. and Mrs. Urquhart, Miss 
Urquhart, Lieut.-Col. and Mrs. Bel¬ 
cher, Mr. and Mrs. David Keys, Prof, 
de Sjadecgky, Prof. Adolf Schenk, 
Prof. Molengreaff, Dr. Otto Welter, 
Dr. Hans Stille, Prof. Lessing, Mr. 
Henry Gooderham, Mr. Bernard Hob¬ 
son, Dr. Melior, Mr. Armand Renier, 
Mr. Bockelton Williams, Mr. Andre 
Defiine, Mr. John Ashworth, Dr. 
Hugo Luck of Leipzig, Mr. Paul 
Weiss, Dr. 'Wilhelm Paulcke, Mr. G. 
W. Grabham, Khartoum, Mr. Leon 
Dominian of New York, Mr. Paul 
Zode of Brussels, Prof. J. E. 
Wordman of New York, Dr. E. D. 
Hooey of New York, Mr. S. C. Nicho¬ 
las of England, Dr. E. J. Jehu Dr. 
Guinsberg, Dr. Clemens Libling of 
Muenchen, Mr. W. H. M. Cadell Mr. 
S. Kogn of Washington, Mr A R. 
Riches, Mr. G. W. Grabham, ’ Dr 
Spragern, Mr. R. H. Hocken, Prof. 
Grenville Cole of Ireland, Mr. Os- 
wold N. Scott. Mr. John G. Rothemei, 
Mr. M. Emmanuel de Margerie of 
France, Mr. Coltier Cobb of U. S. A., 
Mr. Nevin M. Feuneman, Mr. Alfred 
A. Brooks of U. S. A., Mr. H. Foster 
Bain of California, Mr. B. K. Emer¬ 
son of Mass., Mr. Alfred Ely' Day of 
Syria, Dr. Serafino Cerulli Irelli, 
Prof. Dr. E. Stolley, Herr Hans 
Feilmann of Germany, Mr. Kohl- 
mann, Mr. W. Shirley Bayley of U. S. 
A., Sir Henry A. Miers of' England 
Dr. Frederieh Leslie Ransome, Mr! 
A. E. Kitson, Dr. Evans, Mr. Charles 
McDermid of England. Dr. Chas. R. 
Keyes, Mr. Arthur Gray Leonard of 
U. S. A., Controller Foster, Mr. R. 
W. Brock, Mr. Olaf Anderson of U. 
S. A., Controller T. L. Church, Mr! 
W. E. Simpson of Mexico, Mr’ Ste¬ 
phen Vivian, Mr. William Fleet 
Robertson of Victoria, B.C., Mr. Wm. 
J. Dick of Ottawa, Prof. Dr. Gustav 
Steinmann of Bonn, Mr. W. H. Mc- 
Narn, Dr, Richard Lachmann, M 
Jean Morel, Mr. Edward Schoch, Mr 
F. Imhoff of Germany, Mr James 
McEvoy, Dr. Theodore G. Skonephos, 
Mr. G. G. S. Lindrey, Dr. Miller, Mr 
Teodoro Stores of Mexico 


Midsummer F 


The fallowing' were the guests at 
dinner at the York Club of Dr. Prank 
D. Adams, president of International 
Gee.logical Congress:—Mr. G. G. S. 
Lindsey, K.C., viice-presldentt, Cana¬ 
dian Mining Inst; Col. D. R. "Wilkie, 
president of the Imperial Bank; Mr. 
Bedford McNeil, London; Prof Stein - 
■mann, Bonn, Germany, Konigl'ich 
Freusslsche Rheiniscfhe Friedrich- 
Wilhelms Unlversitat; Mr. McDermid, 
London; Mr. Arnold Hague, Wash¬ 
ington; Mr. Whitman Cross, Wash¬ 
ington; Mr Iddings, Washington; Mr. 
Pirsson, Yale University, U.S.A.; Dr. 
Keided, Argentine Republic, Umlversite 
NatJonale de Buenos Aires; Dr. G. 
Otis Smith, United States Geological 
Survey; Dr. Sederholm, Geological 
Survey of Finland; Dr. Molengraaff, 
Holland, Government dels Pays- Bas; 
Dr. M. Inouye, Geological Survey of 
Japan; Dr. W. Vernadsky, St. Peters¬ 
burg, Government of Russia; Dr. W. 
F. Hume, Geological Survey of Egypt; 
Dr. G. A. L. Cole, Royal Irish 
Academy, Ireland; Dr. John Horne, 
the University, Aberdeen, Scotland; 
Dr. Tormier, Directeur du Service 
de la Carte Geologlque de la France; 
Dr. Aubrey Strahan, Geological So¬ 
ciety of London, London; Dr. Frank 
D. Adams, McGill University, Mont¬ 
real; Dr. P. Krasch, Zeliglich Koinigl 
Breuasiche Geologische, La.ndesanstale 
Berlin; Dr. de Margerie, Societe de 
Geographic, Paris; Prof. A. Roth- 
ploitz, Koniigli'ch Bayerische LudJwig- 
Maxi mi Wains Unlversitat, Germany; 
President Falconer, president of the 
University of Toronto. 



325 Persons Accept Hospitality of To¬ 
ronto—Flowers and Music Trans¬ 
form Civic Corridor Into Fairyland. 

What’s in a name? Ask Mayor 
Hocken. Last night he stood up in 
the flower-banked council chamber of 
the City Hall and extended the official 
civic welcome to 200 of the visiting 

It might not have been so bad if 
they had come upon him under country 
classifications; he then might have had 
a chance to get his bearings. But they 
entered the reception rectangle dis¬ 
tinctly cosmopolitan. Even Professor 
Coleman, who was endeavoring to pro¬ 
nounce the names in English, was quite 
warm when the last of the guests had 

But what, odds? It is all over 
now, and every person enjoyed them¬ 
selves. The main corridor of our City 
Hall is an ideal spot for a reception. 


A great transformation " had come 
over the main corridor. Instead of the 
hardwood counters and the long line 
of receivers of customs, banks of flow¬ 
ers and palms filled the corners, and 
from the leaves twinkled tiny electric 
lights. Behind ail two orchestras were 
concealed. The guests entered the 
Board of Control room, giving two 
cards to the clerks. The names were 
then written on slips of paper, and the 
proud bearer entered the council cham¬ 
ber. He slowly moved forward in the 
line until he came to Professor Cole¬ 
man, who announced him. The Mayor 
and Mrs. Hocken then shook them 
warmly by the hand, and the guest 
passed out to the corridor. 


Many of the visitors were deeiitv 
terested in the growth of our cltv 

per Sway the T°he pai “ tings of the up- 
pci naiinay. They stood about these 

Ssf* 4 eKTi tl : 

Controller T. L. Church KC was 

SmSjV'bS:. re “ pti °" 

nnhS . a ™'l M secretary, 
fe o i p r. " as composed of p r o- 
ressor A. P. Coleman, w F fL:*';. 

fessor Parks, James McEvoy, A G ] 
Burrows, Professor Miller, A. L Par¬ 
sons, Professor Willmot, Percy Hop¬ 
kins, G. G. S. Lindsay, Alderman Ryu- 
ing. D. Weismiller, and 0. Palm. 

There were 325 present. Among 
the well-known citizens were former 
Mayors Joseph Oliver and Thomas' 
1 rquhart, Mrs. and Misses Heintzman, 
Aid. Burgess, Aid. Wickett, R. C. Hoc¬ 
ken and Mrs. Hocken. 

The Mayor requested that all the 
cards be saved for him, with the 
names of the visitors. 

jWfrW. !£- J6J I 3. 






Geologists Determine the Lo¬ 
cation of Next Interna¬ 
tional Congress 


Sir Henry H. Miers of the University of London and Prof. Whitman 
Cross of the United States Geological Survey. 

a complete manner to the audience. 
The speaker made humorous refer-, 
enees to the Nile as compared to the 1 
St. Lawrence. "I used to think of, 
the mighty Nile and speak of the 
mighty Nile, but I have an uncom¬ 
fortable feeling now when I think of 
the Nile after having seen the St. 
Lawrence.” (Laughter.) The speak¬ 
er’s address was tinctured with humor 
all through, and he was frequently 
applauded, and at the end he was 
given quite an ovation. Geologists 
certainly appreciate humor.- 
Snme Subjects of Study 

Mr. A. Renier of Belgium, asked as 
to the location of the Congress in 
Belgium, replied that beyond all 
doubt it would be Brussels. 

Elaborate Civic Reception in 
City Hall Attended by 
Four Hundred Guests 

At the meeting of the Council of 
)he Twelfth International ' Geological 
Congress, under the Presidency of Dr. 
Adams, the invitation of Belgium to 
bold the next Congress there was yes¬ 
terday* accepted, and the date fixed is 
1917. There were several contenders 
for the honor, but, in view of the fact 
that Belgium had waived their right 
last time in favor of Canada, there 
was not much doubt as to the choice. 
Another factor was the expense to 
the European delegates in having to 
visit this continent too often. An in¬ 
vitation from the Argentine Republic 
was received for the 1920 Congress. 
The Director of the Geological Survey 
of Chili supported the invitation and 
suggested that the Congress do not 
stop at the boundary, but cross over 
the Andes to that country and the 
Pacific coast. An invitation was also 
received from Spain for the 1920. 

Studying Strata. 

There were more interesting papers 
yesterday, if one might judge by the 
attendance, and more discussion than 
on any day since the Congress start¬ 
ed. A fascinating address was that 
given by Dr. W. Paulcke, professor 
of geology at Karlsruhe, who gave ac¬ 
counts of experiments made in his 
laboratory showing the manner in 
which different strata were forced in 
forming thrusts. The doctor carried 
out his experiments with different ma- I 
terials on a section two metres long 
by one metre broad, under a pressure ; 
of 3,300 pounds. The results shown j 
on the canvas by means of magnifi- 1 
cently colored slides were a distinct |l 
surprise to those present. Sections of \ 
the Alps which were shown revealed 
the fact that the doctor had obtained j 
the same results by his experiments 
as obtained In the huge mountains of 
Switzerland. Mr. H. M. Cadell, at jj 
the close of Dr. Paulcke's address, ji 
congratulated the doctor upon the re- ; 
markable results which he had ob- ' 
tained, and remarked that ‘‘children 
are fond of making mudpies and geo¬ 
logists are fond of making experi¬ 
ments.” It is interesting to note that 
the doctor has published a book upon 
his experiments. 

Nile and St. Lawrence. 

The lecture room in Building 35 
Was filled to capacity when Dr. W. F. 
Hume, Director of the Geological Sur¬ 
vey of Egypt, commenced his lecture 
upon Egypt. Egypt was not a coun¬ 
try of sand, as was commonly thought, 
and not an absolute waste. A large 
portion of the country was covered 
with limestone and was the inhospi¬ 
table portion, hut the regions where 
the oases are to be found are cover¬ 
ed with sandstone. "What is your 
conception of the Nile?” asked the 
lecturer. ‘‘I find that a great many 
think It a flat country. The actual 
Nile valley is a ravine bordered with 
cliffs from 1.200 to 1.K00 feet above 
the surface of the Nile.” The slides 
thrown on the screen revealed this in 

In Room S the attendance all 
through the afternoon was splendid, 
and there were some fine rl ?. isc ^ 1 s '°" s 
after each of the papers. The follow- 
in“- were some of the papers, the pa¬ 
tter bv Mr. W. H. Emmons being one 
which met with a cordial reception : 

A contribution to the metallogeny 
of the Philippine Islands, by Paul F. 
Fanning, Manila, P.I. . . 

The Dersistence ore in ^ 

Malcolm Maclaren, London, England. 

The influence of depth on the char¬ 
acter of metalliferous deposits, by J. 

F. Kemp, New York, U.S-A. 

Primare und sekundare Erze unter 
besonderer Berucksichtigung der 
“Gel” und der Schwermetallreichen 
Erze, by Paul Krusch, Berlin, Ger¬ 
many. , , . . 

The mineral composition of prim¬ 
ary ore as a factor determining the 
vertical range of metals deposited by 
secondary processes, by W. H. Em¬ 
mons. Minneapolis, U.S.A. 

On the formation in depth of oxidiz¬ 
ed ores and of secondary limestones, ( 
bv L L. Fermor, Calcutta, India. 
Toronto’s Civic Reception. ' 

' Last night the geologists were ten 
dered a civic reception at the Uty | 
Hall The Mayor and Mrs. Hocken 
received the guests in the Council 
chamber, and the place had been 
transformed into a fairy bower. The 
ferns red flowers and electric llgnts 
, SS3S a delightful setting in the 
i chamber. About four hundred guests 
! were present, and the main entrance 
has seldom seen such an animated 
sight as was presented last night. 
The place was seething with vitality, 
and the grace and deference of the 
European! added a touch to the scene 
which made it look like a court fo. 
the propagation of good manners. 
Music of a delightful nature was pro¬ 
vided by two orchestras, hidden one 
in the lower east side and the other 
in the second western gallery. The 
guests thoroughly enjoyed their even¬ 
ing, and some handsome gowns were 
in evidence. 





Fortunately for the Executive, the 
Twelfth International Geological Con¬ 
gress is now running more on its own 
momentum. But the strain has been 
terrific. Handicapped by strange 
usages and unfamiliar language.s, 
many of the European delegates have 
to be taken care of from the locating 
of their particular section of research 
to the disposal of their laundry. The 
local committee working at Toronto 
have not had more than four hours' 
rest for the past two weeks. The Sec¬ 
retary, Mr. W. Stanley Lecky, will re¬ 
quire several weeks of rest cure after 
jhe event, and one of his assistants 
ent home to bed Friday night quite 
broken down. Because the machinery 
t f organization does not whirl and 
J ;lank no labor is apparent, but the 
very perfection of the arrangements 
has required many night hours of un¬ 
stinted and unselfish work. 

education; the Congress 
ative in that direction. 

is illumin- 

CJ' 1 C[ 1 "b 


motor launches were covered* one of [They had seen the .smiling summer 
them having also a closed-in cabin city among the trees down ad• 

The third was and they observed the sandy Slope® of 

for the steersman. The third was ^ctorta f> ark and thc remarkable grass 
smaller, having the long raking flush terraces on Sir Henry Pellatt's sum- 
deck forwsid. which suggests great mer home. And then this bold Roman 
speed. Each of these modern craft profile of Scarboro thrust Itself t out 
was. loaded down with human freight. 

It is only on occasions such as these 
that Canadians and Americans real¬ 
ize what vile linguists they are. Fre¬ 
quently from the buttonhole of the 
Insular English flutter the Gallic blue 
or the Teuton yellow; but the resi¬ 
dent on this continent sports the soli¬ 
tary red of Anglo-Saxon brotherhood. 
He “doesn’t have” to talk any other 
language but English; and he does¬ 
n’t. Once in a while he is able 
to realize his comparative lack of 

Within its own kingdom of erudi¬ 
tion, science is essentially democratic. 
The list of delegations and members 
of the International Geological Con¬ 
gress gives name and number, some¬ 
times the institution with which the 
delegate is connected—and that is all. 
Take, for instance, this entry among 
the names of the eminent men from 

“Government of Sweden, Stock¬ 
holm, S. A. H. Sjorgen, 4 4 9.” To all 
intents and purposes Mr. Sjorgen, a 
man of middle age, with broad, flat 
shoulders and the steady blue eye, is 
just an ordinary mining engineer and 
geologist. It would be unfair to say 
that it is his hobby to be a profes¬ 
sional man because he takes his pro¬ 
fession far more seriously than many 
who have to make their living by the 
agitation of their brain cells. But as 
a matter of fa.ct he is a millionaire— 
in pounds sterling, not dollars. When j 
the eleventh session of the Interna¬ 
tional Congress was held in Stockholm 
he gave the delegates a banquet which 
cost a thousand pounds. Most of the 
delegates do not know to this day 
■who their host was. He has also the 
distinction of being a cousin of the 
Nobel whose father invented dyna¬ 
mite, and presents annually to Rud- 
yard Kipling and other pacificists a 
few thousand pounds for their aid and 
comfort in stopping war. 

Men were to be seen from stem to 
stern of the covered boats, and wo¬ 
men were ensconced on the counter 
and Che taffrail. In the smallest and 
most rakish-looking the forward deck 
was bare, save for a shock-haired 
youth with an open-necked shirt and 
sun-burned arms, who emerged from 
the forward hatch at regular intervals 
with a tailing dipper In his hand. 
Aft of the forward bulkhead, men sat 
three in a row in dining-room chairs 
to thc number of thirteen, under the 
open sky. 

Curious Natives. 

While curious natives on the fore¬ 
peak oi the high-bluff shore gazed 
downward at the pitching vessels rid¬ 
ing at anchor with their bows point¬ 
ing upwards half out of water at one 
moment, and their propeller and a 
third of their stern keel showing out 
clear of the waves the moment after, 
a curious activity seemed to be going 
on within the crowded bulwarks. 
Each vessel carried a tiny "dinghy” 
trailing astern like a puppy dog on a 

On thc two larger vessels prepara¬ 
tions were evidently under way to 
send landing parties ashore through 
the breakers. 

Daring Scientists. 

The blue cliffs stood silent, stern, 

The Congress is the kaleidoscope 
of geological research. 

irom the green shore line, the blue 
nose tipped and flushed by the west¬ 
ern sun. They had coasted along the 
cliffs at a respectful distance out from 
the breakers, they had marked the 
lines of the strata in the clay that 
record the four inter-glacial periods 
of the Toronto region, they had seen 
the margin of prehistoric Hake Iro¬ 
quois preserved by the sand dunes. 
They had observed how the water lap¬ 
ped up to the base of the frowning 
cliff, and that the beach, owing to high 
water, is tnis year submerged. And ; 
now at last they had come to the 
Dutch Church—and they observed 1 
what to the naked eye looked like a 
place to land! 

From the south-east, the waves were 
piling up higher than ever, with noth¬ 
ing to break their sweep from Oswego 
to Scarboro Heights. Evidently, 
science could best be served by going 
ashore, while yet -there was time and 
opportunity. That cliff could not be 
studied in detail from the crowded 
cabin of a tossing motor yacnt, one 
hundred yards from the fascinating 

Venturesome Ladies, • 

So the more venturesome of that 
horde of scientific adventurers! leaped 
into the tossing rowboats. Two lady j 
geologists also leaped and were safely 
caught. Women, nowadays, will go 
wherever men will go, in the interests 

and forbidding, their noble features *of science or anything else. 

Chinese Geologist 

Arrived “in Bond” 

When it so pleases, the im¬ 
migration law is no respecter 
of persons—or attainments. 
China’s distinguished delegate 
to the Geological Congress is 
Professor Parkin Wong of Can¬ 
ton, member of the Washing¬ 
ton Embassy and of the Cornell 
Cosmopolitan Club. Prof. 
Wong’s passport was sent to. 
Bridgeburg, while the Celes¬ 
tial scientist sought to cross at 
Niagara Falls. There he was 
halted by the Canadian immi¬ 
gration authorities. It was 
only after some difficulty that 
the situation was finally ex¬ 
plained and the learned geolo¬ 
gist was sent through to To¬ 
ronto “in bond,” arriving Sun¬ 
day morning. 

a * tW/Cy-1 V l ^ \ 9 • 


tipped with gold from the declining ^g^'ffid^owT^the t££ku£ 
sun. The stratification seams mark- gkiff - n the breakers, with suspense, 
ed themselves out clear and distinct those who remained -watched the tiny 
as frowns on a forehead. The great I craft approach the great blue and gold 
rollers of Lake Ontario hissed as they barrier of glacial and interglacial clay, 

rising 150 feet straight up out of the 

passed the launches, and then roared 
wrath fully as they dashed against the 
base of the Heights. But the shore 
parties persisted- They put off in then- 
tiny cockleshells. To the amazement 
of those who watched from shore, 
high up on the edge of the cliffs, two 
of those in one of the little boats were 
women. Such is the daring of science. 


lake to the sky line. They saw the 
first boat heading for a nick in the 
^stupendous bluff, where an ancient 
watercourse had worn a path down 
from above. There was just a glimpse 
of shingle hardly enough to stand on, 
clear of the water. Elsewhere, the 
. , , water dashed right against the very 

such the enthusiasm oi engendered by feet and shins of the cliff. First one 
geology, and Professor Coleman of To- j and then the other of the little boats 
ronto University. heading for this dry spot of beach, 

■ For this was a party of some 64 of : were CAUf? bt by the huge rollers and 
thc worldrs foremost men of science,: burled ashore. The instant the bows 
members of the International Geologi- Krated on the sand , men leaped out. 
cal Congress, assembled hero from all The waves behind broke over the boat, 
the world. They had come to see the and engulfed the feet of those who 
—i.jujjovo of the Dutch had So boldly leape’d ashore. But in 

natural wonders of the 
ChuVdfi." and hear Professor Coleman. 

Party of Delegates Investigate JS&WSS IT- 

the Clay Cliff, of gg, 

Scarboro. lesfel c!ay oC 

the next instant, while the wave was 
receding for a second rush at the 
shore, the ladies were lifted out and 
the boats dragged up on the strip of 
shingle. It was all done in a moment 
-scientifically done, by geologists of 


Scarboro, Bluffs. 

Having * Jo J. :-a£ t such , d by ’hardy Canadian boatmen;] 

World-famous I: from Devins’ and Hicks boathouses,! 

expense, is it any 

Cliff they should brave the rest, and 

AMONGST BREAKERS venlnro in rowboats where the gaso- 

Xirie experts of the yachts would not 

/dstfe. tt> go? Some half-dozen <ir more. 

Three Motor Boats Crowded; lmi^tenrl'ers 0 amli'iri -a* moment were 

the- shore on the 

With Venturesome 


little lenders a' 
lashing towards 
| crest of a huge roller. 

Plans altered. 
In parenthesis it may 
tinned that certain of 



men - 

Many Preferred the Electric Rail¬ 
way for the Return 

inig shore party, including thc two in¬ 
trepid ladies, hail decided to explore 
■the land route to Toronto via Kingston 
road, and Ihe radial line. They were 
ami sea -sick — their active geological 
minds, ever restlessly exploring and 
researching, craved for vanety. The.} 

hdid studied the shore line, including 

While long rolling waves piled up thft imported V'redit valley rocks ot 
from the south-east and dashed i the Island break waDa - the sands of 

against the sheer clay cliffs with the the prehistoric Iroquois Lake, and the 

roar «* « »■> * ™*-*»»* gawSSSSW? «£?£?££ 

coast, a« fleet of three motorboats %vale , s . of tb( . i aun ohcs on the 

at the mouth of the Humber. Of the 
party, nearly all had wet feet. 

Some had been overtaken in their 
seats, and were wetter than others— 1 
b.ut all were counted safe. And sea¬ 
sickness could no longer interfere with 
mental concentration. 

The large party who had been left 
at Yongt. street dock, because there 
was not enough room in the launches, 
had arrived by trolley car, and stood 
now upon the wooden steps of the 
goat path that climbed precariously 
down from the sky line above. Those 
in the launches out beyond the white 
comb of the breakers, thought that 
the cliff sent forth to sea, an echo of 
congratulatory cheers. 

Climbing the Hill. 

The shore party now slowly climbed , 
the breakneck stairs to examine at 
close range the four different inter- 
lying strata marking the four different 
interglacial periods as shown by the 
lace of the cliff. W hen they reached 

waies- oi trie launches on the trijS the top they gazed with interest to the 
crowded with men and women might down . They., had seen the route from horizon. They sgvv modern Lake On- 

have been ceen anchored in the offing Y-onge street whart through thc Last- tario spreading out under a south-east 

at Scarboro Heights yesterday after- '*>«> gap, and down along the coast of breeze. Then they looked earnestly 

noon at four o'clock. Two of these k is her man s s « ul< 


the Beaches, north search of the ancient shore 


68 ■ Sfox. twv 'V\cyi. 

line of Lake Iroquois, and the line of 
the radial railway. Meanwhile the 
hardy Canadian boatmen from Humber 
Bay put off again in their skiffs and 
returned to the anchored launches. 

With swelling hearts the scientists 
gazed on the noble Scarboro Bluff and 
native architecture of the Dutch 
Church for perhaps the last time. They: 
had come so far, and now, after only 
a few minutes' acquaintance, at a 
range of 100 yards, they were leaving, 
it might be, forever! Anchots were 
tripped, the engines/were started, and 
the launches slowly turned awa.y. The 
cliffs receded, the sands of prehistoric 
Iroquois Bake faded, the beaches glid¬ 
ed by, Fisherman’s Island passed, and 
the boats turned again at evening into 
the Eastern Gap, with the purple pro¬ 
file of the city of church spires, chim¬ 
neys, and water tanks forming the 
northern horizon. And once within the 
harbor calm, science asserted itself. 

“It astonishes me,” observed the Am¬ 
erican professor from a college in 
Beyrout. on the coast of Syria, where 
’there is no smoke, "it astonishes me 
why a city like Toronto does not insist 
on smoke consumers.” 


Geologists Do Not Agree on 
the Origin of Credit 


Caledon Club Proves Hospitable 
—Falls Made the Visitors 
Forget Geology. 

At the Geological Congress this morn¬ 
ing most of the members were still 
arguing about the things the.y had \ 
seen on the various excursions which 
were made yesterday. One party had 
gone to Scarboro Bluffs, another to, 
the Don Valley, another to the Forks | 
of the Credit, and a fourth to Niagara 

The Niagara Falls party was undei 
the guidance of Professor Coleman, of 
the University. Those who were in¬ 
terested in the geology of th ® re ^‘ on 
left on th 7.30 boat in the morning, 
and spent some time along the gorge 
route on the American side, examining 
the formation there. There was 
siderable discussion over the various 
theories advanced to explain the ori¬ 
gin of the formation. The greater 
number of members, however, \gnored 
o-eoiogy and became for the time being, 
ordinary human beings with an eye 
for the grandeur of the mere s cenl „ 

, tects. These crossed on the J 
o'clock boat, and proceeded direct to 
the falls, going up the gorge on one 
side of the river and down on the other 
side. Many of them donned rubbe 
coats and went under the falls and ou 
. oc Maid of the Mist. They re¬ 
turned by late boats, weary but stil 
.Bering at the beauty rl the great 

At Forks of the Credit. 

The party to the Forks of the Credit 
was headed by Dr. W. A. Parks, of the 
University. There were about 25 left 
,. y the 7.30 C. P. ft. train, returning 
at 9 20, having been entertained me«in- 
ini at the Caledon Club. 

Interest on this excursion centred 

in the theory advanced by Dr. Parks 1 
and Professor Schuchert, of Yale Uni¬ 
versity, that the formation known as 
n.e ( ataract seems to Indicate an in 
vasion from a Western ocean which 
has lapped over the strat. which in- | 

o .'u inis country from the vicinity I 
of New York. It is, the geologists say. j 
a question as to the mevements of the ! 
seas. • . | 

Prof. I'lric, of Washington, rejected ' 
the Parks-Schuchert theory, and a dis- I 
vussion of interest—to geologists— en¬ 
sued. Some of the party refused to 
pursue, science for the day, and re¬ 
mained in the comfortable quarters of 
the Caledon Club, whose officers af¬ 
terward came in for the heartiest 1 
thanks from the party for their hos¬ 

This morning certain technical pa¬ 
pers are still being read, but the pro¬ 
gram approaches an end, and to-mor¬ 
row will see the conclusion of the 

The Scarboro Heights Party. 

A representative of the univer¬ 
sity was in charge of the party 
of 64 who went in launches to 
Scarboro Heights yesterday afternoon. 
A larger number of members turned 
up atYonge street dock than had re- i 
gistered for the trip, and consequently 
had not been provided for. The. three 
launches were filled to capacity. About 
thirty of those who could not' find 
room aboard journeyed to Scarboro 
by street car. 

The leader of the party described the 
interglacial layers of the cliff, as vis¬ 
ible from the boat^ to one group. Prof. 
Kay, of Iowa, a graduate of Toronto 
University, performed a like service 
for the smaller boat; and Mr. H. L. 
Kerr, of the university mine at Cobalt, 
looked after the duties of guide for 
the third. Stratified sands, gravels, 
and clays are interlain by instratified 
glacial clays. Four glacial drifts are 
visible above the lake level, with in¬ 
terglacial beds between. The lake 
was very rough, and landing extreme¬ 
ly difficult. 

Water Was Quite Rough, 

The party in the main contented it¬ 
self with viewing the cliffs frojn some 
distance out in the lake. Two small 
rowboats, which made a landing, left 
two of the ladies and several of, the 
others on shore, but they were wet 
somewhat by the breakers in making 

J ■., •" 

the landing. 



Parties Spent Day in Don 
Valley and at Niagara 

Congress Closes Thursday 
With Special Convocation 
at the University . 

rme geologists deserted Toronto 
yesterday, practically the vjhole gatih 



v > ( • • 

i. morale Prep a lions Have Been lVIacie to Entertain Dis¬ 
tinguished Visitors—Hon. Louis Coderre Will Repre¬ 
sent Dominion Government — Numerous Trips Were 
Made Yesterday-. 

Canada's appreciation of the visit 
paid to the Dominion and Toronto by 
the geologists who chose the Queen 
City as the meeting place for t.heir 
12th International congress, will take 
the form of a farewell banquet, which 
■will be held In the armories tonight. 

Yesterday was excursion day, and 
therefore a day of pleasure for most 
of the foreign geologists. For the 
Canadian geologists, however, it was 
a day of .business, not pleasure. About 
600 guests are expected to attend the 
.banquet in the armories tonight. 

On decorations alone—decorations in 
this sense Including orchestra, etc.— 
$1500 has been spent on the armories. 
To the man In the street 'this sum may 
seem extravagant, if he forgets to 
think of the advertising that Canada 
has got thru the congress. The gov¬ 
ernment, however, has not forgotten 
that it is in debt to the congress and 
tonight it will make a payment on the 

Coderre to Speak. 

Hon. Eouis Coderre, bilingualist, 
and possibly tr i li usual is ts, has 
been entrusted to represent the 
Dominion Government, while Hon. W. 
H. Hearst, minister of lands, forests 
and mines, will represent Ontario. The 
banquet will be almost strictly a geo¬ 
logical affair, and all the invited guests 
are geological fiends. The list of speak¬ 
ers is not yet complete, but it Is al¬ 
ready so large that a time limit of 
three minutes has been adopted. It Is 
expected that 100 women will be pre¬ 
sent, most of whom are wives of the 
visiting geologists. 

The following will -stt at the head 
table: Col. Peuchen, Capt. Machin, 
M.L.A., Kenora; Dr. Keidel, D. A. Dun¬ 
lap, Dr. Szadectzky, Rev. Dr. Cameron, 
Dr. Backstrom, Dr. A. E. Barlow, Dr. 
George Otis Smith, W. D. Matthews, 
A. Renier, President Falconer, Dr. 
Inoyze (Japan), Hon. Col. Mason, Dr, 
Tchernyschen, Hon. W. H. Hearst, 
Dr. Chamberlin, Hon. Charles Devlin, 
Dr. Steinman, R. W. Brock, Dr. Tletze, 
Dr. Frank D. Adams, president; Dr. 
Aubrey Strahan, Sir Edmund Osier, 
Prof. P. Termier, Hon. Louis Coderre, 
Dr. Sjogren, Sir Henry Pellatt, Mayor 
Hocken, W. T. Hume, W. G. Miller, L. 
Baldacci, Col. D. R. Wilkie. Dr. Maier, 
J. L. Englebart, Dr. Molenfraff, G. G. 
S. Lindsey, Dr. Lederholm, Rev. Dr. 

Carman, Dr. Wrong, Col. J. A. Currie, 
Dr. Mellor, Col. Campbell MacDonald. 

Visited Niagara Falls. 

No less than five tflps were made by 
the geologists yesterday. Up bright 
and early, a party of 100 left on the 
7.30 o’clock boat for Niagara Falls and 
one hour and a half later they were 
followed by a second party, the mem¬ 
bers of which have an antipathy for 
early rising. This party was even 
larger than the one on the first boat^ 
but never caught up to the early birds^ 
The view of the fails from the Cana¬ 
dian side made the geologists catch 
their breath and they lingered on the 
brink of the precipice for more than 
an hour. Some of them then took a 
trip in the Maid of the Mist, after 
which they returned to Queenston by 
the gorge route on the American side. 

Up Credit Valley. 

Another trip which was popular with 
the geologists was the excursion to 
the Credit River. At 7.20 a.m. the 
party left Union Station and the fore¬ 
noon was spent In examining the 
Silurian strata at the forks of the 
river. At 1 o'clock the party were 
taken in motor cars to the Caledon 
Trout Club, where limchAm was serv¬ 
ed, and after luncheon the trip :o 
Caledon East was continued. The 
.party arrived at the Union 
Station on the . return about 
10.30, and many bag's of rock were 
hauled oft the train by'the. scientists. 

Trips which were shorter and less 
fatiguing than those already mention¬ 
ed, tho no less pleasureable, were those 
made in the morning to the Don Val¬ 
ley Brick Yards, and In the afternoon 
to Scarboro Heights by boat. Many 
prehistoric fossils ^were collected both 

in the Don Valley and at Scarboro. 

Today Constable Christie of Toronto 
University will conduct two parti** on 
a tour of the univereity buildings and 
the new museum. Constable Christie 
says-that the visiting university pro¬ 
fessors, and particularly those from 
Germany, the land of universities, find 
it hard to believe that Toronto Uni¬ 
versity has so many up-to-date build¬ 
ings. As they move from one building 
to another they manifest their sur¬ 
prise in the same old question: “Is this 
a university building, too?" Constable 
Christie replies, “Yes, this is another," 
and then they enter to investigate. 
The physics building -and the new hy¬ 
draulic building seein to carry off the 
honors In point of size and equipment. 

einlnig of delegates leaving the city on 
the various excursions to .point's of in¬ 
terest arranged iby the congress 1 . 

In the morning a .party of 60, un¬ 
der the guidance of Professor Cole¬ 
man, spent three Lours in the Don 
Valley, where they inspected the in- 
terglaJcdal evidences ir. the clay de¬ 
posits, proceeding after lunch to see 
the glacial and interglacial effects in 
the cliffs of Soarboro Heights. 

Another party left a:t 7.20 a.m. for 
Credit River to Inspect the fossils in 
the rook exposed at the quarries and 
by the river. This parity was .con¬ 
ducted iby Dr. Parks, of Toronto Uni¬ 

versity, and accompanied toy Dr. 
Schuchert, of Yaile, iboth these gentle¬ 
men 'being iresponsilhle for tlhe dis¬ 
tinguishing of the cataract formation, 
the new geological forma.tiilon discov¬ 
ered there about 18 months ago. 

There were also two excursions to 
Niagara Falls toy tlhe 7.30 and 9 
lo’dloek boats. A point of the deepest j 
interest studied by the visitors was 
the wearing away of the Gorge from 
Queenston to the Falls as .they stand 
at present, w, is regarded toy geo¬ 
logists as one of the authoritative 
gauges of tlhe passage of time in a 
geological sense. 

Under the guidance of Professor 
DteiSdhaimips, the geologists wihio re¬ 
mained i.n .Toronto made a complete 

tour of Toronto University, and spent 
several hours in examining the vari¬ 
ous buildings. Others visited the new 
Royal Ontario Museum at the corner' 
of Bloor Street and Avenue Road, 
which is not yet open to the public, 
and expressed their admiration for 
the arrangement of the exhibits and 
tlhe .convenient plan o.f the 'building. 

Congress in Session To-day. 

To-day the delegates will hold a 
number of sessions, at which several 
noted members will read papers. On 
Thursday the congress will close up 
its work. For the final day the pro¬ 
gramme includes a special convocation 
at the university, at which degrees 
will be conferred upon seven members, 
including Willet G. Miller, of Ontario; 
Aubrey Strachan. of the English and 


|Welsh Gealogical Survey; P. M- Ter- 
mier, director of the gwtogioajl service 
of France; Thomas Ohrowdir Cham¬ 
berlain, University of Chicago, Rich¬ 
ard Beck ,of the Kontgliche Sac.h- 

clshen Bergakademie, German J. J. 

Sedertiolm, director of the Geological 
Oommilssion of Finland, ana T he< ?' 
dosius Tshernysehew, of the Academic 
Imperiale des Sciences, St Petersburg. 

Wk.- (W$' i 5' 1 C\ IV 


TO TOTAL $75,0001 

One Exciting Upset. 

merits Augmented Sub¬ 
stantial Federal Grant 


On arrival at the “Dutch Church 
„ . • | f- . the skippers of the launches deemed 

Various rrovmcial Govern- lt advisable not to land on account 

of the heavy breakers, hut one lady, 
who had proved a poor sailor, pleaded 
to he put ashore, and, in company 
with another lady and two gentle¬ 
men, set out through the heavy wa¬ 
ters for land. One lady reached dry, 
but the other three people got a trifle 
wet when a big wave bowled the boat 
over and deposited them in the wa¬ 
ter. The excursion did not land. 
Fortunately there- were men in the 

FOR THE SCIENTISTS two launches other than the one in 

which Prof. Coleman was who could 
explain the district, and the various 

- deposits were pointed out by 

these scientists. The party re- 
j j f m * n j turned about 6.30 very pleas- 

Yesterday S Uutings rroduc- ea W ith theiv experience. Another 

big party left for Credit River. This 
trip was of especial interest to those 
familiar with the Silurian, as it shows 
the total absence of the Rochester 
and Medina strata exposed i.n the sec¬ 
tion at Grimsby and in the gorge of 
the Niagara River. The party had an j 
enjoyable time, and were entertained I 
to luncheon at the home of the Cale¬ 
don Trout Club. The other excursions 
were to the Don Valley and Niagara 

Party at Royal Muskoka. 

“These excursions are one of the 
most enjoyable features of the Con¬ 
gress,’’ said one of the delegates from 
Africa. “You meet with such a var¬ 
iety of opinions that it is most re¬ 
freshing.’’ In the party which left 
for Muskoka on Saturday there were 
four Germans, two Frenchmen, 19 
Englishmen, twelve from the United 

ed Some Very Human 

There were many disappointed geolo¬ 
gists yesterday at the Y'onge street 
wharf. When Prof. Coleman gave his 
address before, the Congress the other 
day upon the “Interglacial Periods’’ 
as pertaining to the Toronto dis¬ 
trict, he impressed all the visitors 
with his illuminating talk, . and the 
opportunity to visit the district which 
he had described was eagerly looked 
forward to by the geologists. The 
consequence was that the excursion, States, two from Belgium, seven from 

v_ ,, , , - Canada, one from Holland, three from 

w ich had been originally planned for g we( j en> two f rom Mexico and one 

fifty, to visit the Bluffs at Scarboro’, f rom Russia. A most enjoyable time 
and for which accommodation for was spent by the party at the Royal 

Muskoka Hotel. 

that number had been reserved, prov¬ 
ed totally inadequate, and as many 

A Splendid Exhibit. 

were left behind on the wharf. The 
occasion brought forth a demonstra¬ 
tion of unselfishness on the part of 
those who had registered and who 
were perfectly willing to give up 
their places to those who had not- 
registered. Many ladies who had not 
registered were simply made to take 
places in the three launches provid¬ 
ed, and eventually the excursion left 
nearly an hour late. The remainder 
immediately left for Scarboro’ by 
street car. 

Neptune Bested Scientists. 

The trip down was made in good 
time, although the smallest of the 
three launches had a rough time in 
the rolling waters of the lake. The 
voyage was most enjoyable in spite of 
the tossing, and many exchanges 
were bandied about concerning sailing 
capabilities. “I would hate anything 
to happen,” said one gentleman in 
the big launch. “They have such 
splendid meals at Queen’s Hall,” he 
added, amid laughter. Alas! al¬ 
though a geologist may be a hardened 
specimen of humanity in many ways, 
Father Neptune has but to bestir him¬ 
self and the best of them feel it; 
consequently—but let the veil be 
drawn; who has not suffered some 
time or the other? 

The exhibits collected at the. Royal 
Ontario Museum are attracting a 
great deal of attention. The speci¬ 
men of the “Platicarpus Corphacus” 
is one which brings forth much com¬ 
ment. To the lay mind the fact that 
such a specimen belongs to the Juras¬ 
sic period may not mean much, but 
when he is told that the- age may be 
anything from eight to twelve mil¬ 
lion years he moves his eyebrows. 
There is a magnificent specimen of 
the “Pseudastacus Pustulosus Munat” 
from Solenhafen, Bavaria. This is a 
medium between a crustacean and a 
bird. It looks for all the world like 
a lobster, but it has a pair of big 
wings which are shown almost to per¬ 
fection. It is probably one of the 
first of living animals. The speci¬ 
mens of native gold from Porcupine 
are splendid examples. The different 
periods with most of their peculiari¬ 
ties are illustrated by fine exhibits, 
and a specimen of the Eocene per¬ 
iod with two fishes are without flaw, 
every bone showing out clearly. 

Cost of the Congress. 

The cost of the Congress, estimated 
at $7 5,000, was made up principally 
of the following amounts: 

The Dominion Government gave 
$15,000 in cash and a guarantee; the 
Ontario Government, $7,000; Quebec, 

$5,000; British Columbia, $5,000; 

Nova Scotia, $2,500. The Coniagas 
Mine of Cobalt donated $1,000, the 
Canadian Copper Company $500, the 

Mond Nickel Company $500, the Hoi- — - -_ — 

linger of Porcupine $500. Some 350 
smaller amounts make up the rest of 
the total. 

^"^T' i a** i 




Geologists Second Visit to North — 
An International Party 

The post-Congress visit of diatin- 
I guished geologists will arrive in Co¬ 
balt from Sudbury on Aug. 20. It 
will take precisely the same course 
as the Pre-Congress excursions and 
promises to be quite 1 as representa¬ 

Last Saturday the 'list of those 
who wish to be members of this ex¬ 
cursion had reached a total of 45 
from no less than thirteen kingdoms 
and principalities of the world. As 
men of science will continue to pour 
in from all quarters of the globe till 
almost the last day of the Congress, 
the list is almost certain to be consid- 
eralby larger than that. 

The party will again be. under the 
direction of Dr. W. G. Miller,/ Provin- 
cigl Geologist for Ontario, assisted 
by Mr. O. W. Knight, Assistant 
Geologist Ifor Ontario, and Mr. !A. G. 
Burrows, also of the Ontario Geolo¬ 
gical Survey. Mr. A. A. Cole will 
make all the local arrangements 
again with the officers of the,Cobalt 
branch of the Canadian Mining In¬ 

The provinsional fist of members 
on the A6 excursion made up to 
Aug. 9th is as follows : 

Delegates from : 

Canada-—J. A. Dresser, J. Stans- 
field, G. C. Mackenzie,, P. E. Hop¬ 
kins, J. W., Evans, G. W. Miller, A. 
G. Burrows, A. A. Cole, C. W. 
Knight, J. G. Watson, T. Corkill, 

L. H. Cole. . 

Russia—W. Vernadsky, Gouvern- 
rrvent De Russe; R,. Archinow, Aca- 
demie Imperial de Science, St. Pet¬ 
ersburg ; P. Soustchinsky, J. Saml- 
jloff, Institut AiTonomique, Moscow; 

M. Lubockinsky, C. Visonte, J. 

U. S. A.—B. Howe, W. C. Bucher. 

A. G. Leonard, North Dakota Geolo¬ 
gical Survey; PI. B. Pattin, Colorado 
School of Mines; G. H. Smith, 
Princeton University, Princeton; Mrs. 
Smith; J. E. Woodman, New York 
Academy of Science, New York; E. 
Leighton, School of Minos of the 
University of Pittsburg; W. L. 

Switzerland—P. Geijer. 

Germany—R, Beck, Deutche Relchs- 
regierung; p. Kruscb, Konigl Freus- 

susches Ministerium fur Handel und 
Gewerbe, Berlin; M. B&lowsky; H. 
Lachmann, E. Lindemann, A. Ber- 
geat, Deutsche Minerlagische Gesell- 
schaft, Jena. - 

England — H. L. Bowmlan, Univer¬ 
sity of Oxford, Oxford; G. M. Part. 

Spain — B. Dupuis de Lome, Insti- 
tuto Geologico de Bspana, Madrid; 
A, M. Bertran de Lis, Instituto 
Geologico de Bspana, Madrid* 

Bulgaria—G, Bontchew* 

South Africa — B. R. Schoch. 

Norway—S. Poslie, ifJniversitas 
Regia Fredlciana, Christiania. 

France—P. Pruvost, Societie Geol- 
ogique du Nord, Lille; A. Defline. 

Itrty— A. Grimaldi. 

Japan — T. Hiki, 

Where it is not so indicated on the 
list, the scientist named is a mem¬ 
ber but not a delegate from any in¬ 

Yet another excursion would have 
passed through Cobalt and Porcu¬ 
pine in September if the National 
Transcontinental railway* had been 
opened. When the excursion began bo 
he mapped out eighteen months ago 
it was hoped that a service would 
have been started between Winnipeg 
and Cochrane by this time. But as 
with most other undertakings of the 
same vast character the Transcon¬ 
tinental is behind schedule. 


Both Registered 

as Men of Letters 

It was on the former Geo¬ 
logical visit to Cobalt, and the 
party were lounging around 
the office of the hotel. A man 
came in and registered and 
put the letters M. E. after his 
name. An old miner addressed 
the new arrival, and after some 
conversation found out that the 
letters did not stand for the 
usual “Mining Engineer,” but 
for “Mining Expert.” 

“I have had a lot of experi¬ 
ence in digging,” said the new 

“I think I have had more 
than you,” retorted the old 
man. “I used to dig graves.” 
And he promptly went and put 
the mystic letters after his own 
name on the register. 


70 ticJUj, C^'14-iCjis. 



Seven geologists will receive the honorary degree at special convocation. These include Willet 
G. Miller of Ontario, Aubrey Strachan of the English and Welsh Geological survey, P. M. Termier, 
director Of the geological service of France; Thomas Chrowder Chamberlain, University of Chicago; 
Richard Beck, rector of the Konigliche Sachsisehen Bergakademie, Germany; J. J. Sederholm, direc¬ 
tor of the Geological Commission, Finland, and Theodosius Tshernysehew of the Academic Imperiale 
des Sciences, St. Petersburg. 





M. Pierre Termier, Service de la Carte, Geoligique de France, and 
Herr G. Steinmann, Delegate of the German Government, at the 
Geological Congress. 


"^1 •• 114 *■ 1 ^ \ 3 • 

geological*^ onors. 

Fortunately the university affords a 
means for doing some honor to 
prominent men of science who \ isit 
•Ontario, tho such honors cannot 
be bestowed indiscriminately, or the 
conferring of degrees would defeat its 
own object. Indeed, criticism .is often 
directed against the selections made 
at the annual convocations. No mis¬ 
take has been made in the selection 
of the gentlemen upon whom the uni¬ 
versity will confer, honoris causa, 
degrees this afternoon. The list 
could easily be extended from the 1 
ranks of the eminent visiting geolo¬ 
gists. but all are representative men 
who have been singled out to bear tl;e 
compliments thus indirect:,v paid to j 
their colleagues. 

The seven wiso men are not of 
Greece but of seven other representa¬ 
tive nations. Great Britain, France, 

United States, Germany, Finland, 
Russia, and Canada, .being represent¬ 
ed in the honor roll. Mr. Aubrey 
Straiian. F.R.S., is assistant director 
of the Geological Survey of England 
and Wales. M. Termier is dlrecteur 
du service do la Carte Geologique de 
la France. Prof. Chamberlain has at¬ 
tained prominence for his novel 
theories of the origin of the planet¬ 
ary systems. Prof. Saderhohn is 
director of the Finland survey and a 
specialist in archaean rocks. Our 
own Dr. Willett G. Miller is the mm 
who put the alt in Cobalt, and wor¬ 
thily represents Canadian science. 
Messrs. Richard Beck and Theodosius 
Tshermyschew are equally represen¬ 
tative of Germany and Russia. 

The occasion is one of the most in¬ 
teresting in the academic anna’s of 
the city, and there should be a bril¬ 
liant gathering this afternoon at 
Convocation Hall. 

The Chairman of the Coal Reserves Com¬ 
mittee. which was responsible for the 
monograph. "The Coal Resources of the 
World." Also Chairman of Finance and 
Transportation Committees. 



j| Mr. G. G. S. Lindsey, K.C. 

g ~ 'S) 


World's Agricultural Resour- 
ces to Be Discussed at Bel- 

. t 

gium Conference. 


Deelgates Pay Tribute to Our 
Business Methods—Don 

Valley Deposits. 

\ - ■— 

For the next four years the geologists 
of Belgium, the country which will have 
the International Geological Congress in 
1917, will spend their time In preparing 
a chart and atlas of the agricultural re¬ 
sources of the world. This decision was 
arrived at yesterday when the council 
met to consider the question of a topic 
for discussion In 1917. 

Some of the foreign geologists who are 
at present in Canada, consider that the 
study of agricultural deposits of the 
world is the most important branch of 
geology and by far the most important 
branch yet to be investigated. Owing to 
the fact that large territories of agricul¬ 
tural land have been discovered within 
the last ten years in Canada, South Africa 
and Australia, there is as yet no accurate 
compilation of the agricultural resources 
of the world, and the council was of the 
opinion that this would form a very 
suitable subject for discussion at the next 

Another reason for the decision to in¬ 
vestigate the world’s agricultural re¬ 
sources is the attention at present being 
directed by political economists all over 
the world to the high cost of living. The 
geologists believe that if they can collect 
lull details on the grain growing land re¬ 
sources of the world, the march from the 
cities to the land will be strengthened 
and the price of food commodities will 
be kept closer to the earth. 

Another Topic. 

Another topic that will be discussed In 
1917 will be the nitrate, phosphate and 
soda deposits of the world. As these 
three chemical compounds form the basis 
of all fertilizers, the research to be con¬ 
ducted by the scientists will be of great 
Importance to the subject of agriculture. 

Besides these topics the Belgium Coun¬ 
cil will be at liberty to consider two 
others which were suggested by the coun¬ 
cil. These are the world's copper de¬ 
posits and petroleum resources. 

All day yesterday the Belgian dele¬ 
gates were busy studying the method 
employed In carrying out the program of 
the present congress. 

R. VV. Brock, general secretary of the 
Canadian Council, states that many of the 
foreign geologists have complimented 
the executive officers of the Canadian 
Council on the organization of the con¬ 

, "They seem to think that Canadians 
cannot be beaten as organizers,” said Mr. 

In referring to the trip taken to the 
Don Valley on Tuesday, Dr. Horne of 
the Scotch Geological Survey, stated that 
the glacial and late deposits that are to 
be seen in the Don Valley are the finest 
in the world. "The excursion to the Don 
Valley alone was worth a trip across the 
Atlantic,” he said. 

I 1 [0 \ 1 ^* 


Large Studios in Jarvis Street Building Were Plethoric 
With Samples of Home and Foreign Workmanship — 

Fine Specimens of Indian 

A number of the ladies attached to 
the party of geologists now. in town 
visited the headquarters of the Wo¬ 
men’s Art Association, on Jarvis street, 
yesterday. The large studios were ple¬ 
thoric with various samples of home 
and foreign make along the lines in 
which the members of the society em¬ 
ploy themselves, and evidences of su¬ 
perior skill were everywhere apparent. 

. The stores and studio are in charge 
of Miss Stewart- 

Later, Mrs. Dignam, president of the 
association from the beginning until 
the present, took The World's repre¬ 
sentative on a tour of inspection of 
the many delightful things displayed 
ou -the walls and in the cases, ' and 
gave some interesting particulars as 
to tne origin of the work of tne asso¬ 

"we are 27 years in existence," said 
Mrs. D.gnam, "and we are the only 
society in any way like to ourselves 
Who have a home in Toronto, a home 
t-or ourselves and a place to which we 
can welcome others. This we never 
fail to do. We have welcomed and 
introduced into Canada Englisn, 
Scotch. Dutch. American and Cana- 
th:.:; artists who have come to us. We 
ha'-'id also employed them as teachers, 
ana in this way helped to broaden our 
knowledge and assist in building up 
the highest form of patriotism." 

As the’ president spoke she was 
hind ling some of the dainty laces 
lying on a case near. "Here," she said, 
"are laces made by our own people." 
Crocheting, tine enougn to be a marvel; 
Maltese, beautiful in design, poin.te, 
duchess, antique, punta-in-aria, ma- 
crame—all were shown. Macrame, it 
'Va.s explained, goes back to the time 
lof the Egyptians, knotted lace being 
Iprior to all others. 

Then there was .basketry. Beautiful 
and far beyond anything one could 
conceive of. judging from the speci- 

I mens usually seen in the stores. The 
weave of the baskets was so close as 
io defy even a ray of sunlight, and so 

I firm and durable as easily to last a 
lifetime, even of the length of the al¬ 
lotted thrce-score-and-ten. These dif¬ 
ferent specimens were mostly of In¬ 
dian manufacture from Alaska, Queen 
Charlotte Island and the Fraser and 
Columbia Rivers. 

Delight to the Eye. 

Canadian liome-spuns in many 
shades and colors, and of various tex-‘ 
tures. were a delight to the eye. from 
Quebec there were immense plaidls 
that used as quilts, portieres 
or rugs. Soft greens blended beauti¬ 
fully wi:h white and scarlet; others in 
bltie. brown and white. Rose and 
coral, with tufting in the s*ne shade, 
or with a contrasting color, were most 
attractive. Heredity was shown in the 
plaids, accounted for by Mrs. Dignam 
thru the great mixture of Scotch arid 
French in Quebec. 

Costume lengths, all hand-spur ar.J 
made from the pure wool, came in for 
special comment. One in golden brown 
wi:ii raised line.s of tufting, was espe¬ 
cially charming. They will last for 

Basketry Attracted Visitors. 

jears and the possessor of one of 
those Canadian homespun costumes 
might well be envied. 

Glazed pottery, mostly In green, is 
another pet stock of the Women’s Art. 
Jugs, vases, cases of various sizes, are 
.each and all in their high polish and 
pretty shading a delight to the artistic 

Book-binding in leather, wood carv¬ 
ing and the making and designing of 
different articles of jewelry, are othe 1 ' 
lines illustrating the art of Canada's 
women. Among these was ft beauti¬ 
ful pendant in hammered silver in 
which a big turquoise is set. This 
with the chain to which it is attached, 
are the work of Miss Lindsay. Another 
neck ornament in purple, enamel and 
stones was done by Mrs. Robert Sin¬ 
clair. A silver crucifix, a salt cellar 
and spoon in the same metal and a 
coral head set in deep yellow gold, 
were among the wonderful things 
handled and admired by The .World 
during the tour of the rooms. 

Cease to Ce Art. 

"Will these things ever have a high 
commercial value?” was a rather 
thoughtless interrogation, which re¬ 
ceived from Airs. Digman the answer, 
"when things become commercialized 
I hey cease to be art." 

The association has interchange with 
the kindred endeavors of the Duchess 
of Sutherland, and some of the Scotch 
home spun wools in green, violets and 
soft blues are now in the assortment 
on Jarvis. A collection for the 
National Exhibition is now being pre¬ 
pared and an opportunity will be given 
then to see the latest in the enter¬ 
prises of this most valuable and per- I 
severing institution. 

From the branch in Toronto, there 
have sprung up others in Hamilton. 
St. Thomas, Peterboro, Owen Sound, 
Edmonton, and Mrs. Dignam has many 
kind words for those children that 
have come from the parent stem. 

Lectures, musieales and clubs for the 
various departments, teas for the mem¬ 
bers. are all part of the curri¬ 
culum in the winter months. 

The association gave to the ceramic 
world of the Dominion, an impetus un¬ 
precedented. when it set itself the 
task of making the famous historic 
set which now has place in the hall 
of Haddo House. The paintings of 
his.?(trie scenes and places, flowers 
and game, were two years in being 
produced, the selections and artists 
being from all over Canada. The china 
background was white and gold Doni- 
tbn, and when completed, the set was 
bought at the artist’s prices by the 
senate and house of commons, and pre¬ 
sented to Lady Aberdeen. 

Association's Aims. 

To quote from a short historical 
sketch of the society by Miss Florence 
Deeks: “The purpose of the as¬ 

sociation is not commercial, hut tnru 
the awakening of public intelligence 
upon the subject of urt, its aim is to 
stir artistic impulse, educate arlstic 
ability, promote, artistic growth and 
produce artistic accomplishment, a 
condition which is being surely attain¬ 
ed by the united and presevering ef¬ 
forts of its members, by labor and 

If- 1CJ 

The large tent in the armories last’ 
night for the banquet of the Interna¬ 
tional Geological Congress was very 
effectively lined with a forest of cedar 
trees, and the numerous tables, which 
accommodated 500 people, were lovely 
with brass bowls of scarlet gladioli 
and yellow asters alternately, brass 
candlesticks shaded, with gold on all 
the tables, except the long table at 
the top of the marquee, which Was 
arranged with silver and orchids In 
silver bowls. A few of the beautiful 
gowns worn were: The president’s 
wife, Mrs. Frank D. Adams (Mont¬ 
real), a very handsome gown of 
white satin with, embroideries of black 
grey and silver fund a cerise girdle; 
Madame Coder-re, in black with dia¬ 
monds; Mrs. Hocken was in white 
satin draped with Dresden ninon and 
dace, diamond ornaments and mag¬ 
nificent XJurple orchids on her cors¬ 
age; *Mrs. J. D. Tyrrell, a beautiful 
gown of white satin, embroidered 
with cornflowers and silver; Mrs. 
David Dunlap, a Parisian: gown of 
Brussels lace, draped over white and 
silver brocade, opal and diamond 
necklace and earrings, corsage bou¬ 
quet of pink roses; Lady McRoberts, 
c ery handsome in white satin draped 
With black gauze, a deep hem of 
coral satin, which \va3 also introduced 
on, the bodice, very beautiful necklace 
and earrings of diamonds; Mrs. Cole¬ 
man, black with crimson, rose em¬ 
broidered panels, real lace scarf; Mrs. 
SJedford MacNeill (London), pink 
chiffon over crepe de chine, pearl 
ornaments; Mrs. Strnban (Lon¬ 
don), grey brocade with old Brus¬ 
sels point lace and antique 
necklace and ornaments of amethysts; 
Mrs. Fcrmor, India, black satin with 
tunic of white lace, corsage bouquet 
of red roses; Mrs. Charlton (London), 
black over white satin, with black vel¬ 
vet, carbuncle and diamond earrings, 
bandeau of antique pearls on black 
velvet; Miss Addison, pale blue and 
silver; Mrs. Peck, white satin draped 
with real lace, trimmed black velvet 
and pearls, pearl ornaments; Mrs. 
Whitman. Cross, in a very effective 
Sown of black and white lace, with 
diamond ornaments; Mrs. C. V'. Hol¬ 
man (Maine), very handsome in black 
lace, satin and jet, with magnificent 
diamonds; Miss Rathgin, green chif¬ 
fon over white satin: Mrs. and Miss 
Stephenson, both in black satin; Mrs. 
Haultain 1 wore a white gown; Mrs. 
McEvoy, mauve satin with real lace; 
Mrs. Parks, royal blue, veiled with 
black chiffon and a corsage bouquet of, 
lilies; Mrs. Arnoldi, black lace and 
ninon, with pearls; Mrs. Matthews, 
black silk and real lace; Mrs. Halte- 
dahl, blue silk; Mrs. J. F. Kemp, lav¬ 
ender c’narmeuse; Miss Mary McLen¬ 
nan (Stratford), green satlfi draped 
with black; Mrs. ft L. Walker, in 
bfack; Mrs. J. A. Macdbnal'J, white 
brocade with gold and crystal lace; 
Mrs. Atorant, pale blue satin with gold 
and silver. e;nbroidertes; M : rs... Arthur 
Day (Washington). £al«s6 
over white.satin, with Sliverfeptbr'erifi'- 
eries; Mrs. Murray Clarke, a French 
gown of white Dresden chiffon veiled 
with gray, pearl ornaments, at corsage 
bouquet of pink roses and roses in her 
hair; Mrs. W. F. Ferrier wore a gown 
of midnight blue broche crepe dc 
chine with real lace and ornaments of 
lopals and diamonds; Miss Ferrier was 
in beauty satin, and Miss Neville wore 
apricot flowered chiffon over satin. 

The university garden party in honor 
of the. International Geological Con¬ 
gress takes place this afternoon in the 
quadrangle from 4-30 to 6 o’clock. 

^ S- Home distinguished members of the 
International Geological Congress who 
attended the excursion to Royal Aius- 
koka - Hotel. MusJtoka Lakes; F. 
French, Germany; Mrs. Freeh; 8. 

McL. Gardner. Glasgow; JR. p. D. 
Graham, McGill University, Montreal; 
M. J. Goldman, .Johns Hopkins Uni¬ 
versity, Baltimore; Miss Goldman: 
Miss A. Grutterink, Holland; P. J. 
Holden, professor geology- and min¬ 
eralogy, Virginia; E. C. Hovey, Am- 
I erican Museum of Natural History, 
i New York City; J. p. Howley, direc¬ 
tor geological -survey of «t.~ John’s, 
Newfoundland; Mark Kuril, Glasgow; 
J. M. Kuril, Glasgow; B. Hobson. 
Sheffield; A. Keith, U. S. geological 
survey, Washington; R. Lachmann. 
Breslau. Germany; H. M. Luttnian- 
Johnsou. Petwori.h, England; L. Mi- 
chalon. Paris, France; Bedford Mc¬ 
Neill, president Institution Mining and' 
Metallurgy, 'London, England. 

14' lC j 


The Geological Banquet 


Not since the supper of the great 
R- C. Y. C. ball in honor of their 
Royal Highnesses the Duke and 
Duchess of Connaught in the Armor¬ 
ies, has there been seen such a 
charming and brilliant effect as that 
of the banquet given by the President 
and Executive Committee of the 
Twelfth Geological Congress last 
night in the Armories. The great 
&paee at the east end was taken up 
by a large marquee, with the walls 
banked with tall evergreens, the 
floor covered with soft green carpet, 
on Which were numbers of small 
tables seating ten and twelve, and a 
long head table for the President and 
the most distinguished guests, who 
were called by name by Mr. Leckie 
in splendid voice, each passing rapid¬ 
ly into their seats, others following 
in perfectly arranged order to their 
own tables. The whole effect was of 
brilliant red, the decorations being 
centres of magnificent gladioli, with 
red and silver and gold (quite appro¬ 
priate) shaded lights. The menu, 
an excellent one in every respect, 
was in large size, tied with deep blue.’ 
The toast of "His Majesty 
the King" was proposed by 
the President, who could lie 
heard in all parts; "IT. R. H. the 
Duke of Connaught, Governor-Gen¬ 
eral, and the Duchess of Connaught," 
brought a few words gracefully ex¬ 
pressed by Hon. Air. Coderre, Minis¬ 
ter of Mines." "The Lieutenant-Gov¬ 
ernor of Ontario” followed, and the 
delightful entertainment was a most 
happy close to the past week of 
happy and interesting meetings, both 
scientific and personal. Mrs. Adams 
was most kind in her greetings to all 
who have had the privilege of know¬ 
ing the popular wife of the kindly 
and dignified President. 














i 2 <* ^ 1 • 


Delegates to International 
Conference Entertained at 
Armories—Scientists Show 
That They Can Appreciate 
Pleasures of Festal Board- 
All Pleased With the Do¬ 

"When science fling's by tb* robe£ of 
her asceticism and turns for relief to 
the courts of festivity, then Indeed 
does life flow in free and pleasant chan¬ 
nels- So with the world’s Geological 
Congress turning last evening from the 
strain and dlnn of the convention hall 
to the banqueting board, the whole 
spirit of the occasion was one of pas¬ 
time. Books were abandoned; research 
forgotten. For an evening the earth 
turned on its axis and the secrets of Its 
crust lay unprobed. 

A Notable Spectacle. 

In Divers Tongues, 

Many-tongued were the speeches de¬ 
livered, and yet they all harmonized in 
the expressions of good-fellowship and 
Internationa! peace. 

In responding to the toast to His Royal 
Highness the Duke of Connaught, Gov¬ 
ernor-General of Canada. Hon. Louis 
Coderre, minister of mines, for the Do¬ 
minion. expressed his regret at the un¬ 
avoidable absence of the Duke of Con¬ 
naught, and expressed his thanks at the 
sympathy voiced by the foreign scientists 
for the Duchess of Connaught in her ill¬ 

He presumed that if the Duke of Con¬ 
naught had been present he would have 
been pleased to have the opportunity to 
congratulate Canada on the successful 
congress that had been held. 

The World’s Peace. 

In concluding, he predicted that. th* 
fruit of the congress would be revealed 
in the effort made by all nations to pre¬ 
serve the peace of the world. 

“The fruit which this congress will 
leave behind it,’’ said Mr. Coderre. “will 
be for the glory, the peace, and the wel¬ 
fare not only of Canada but of the whole 

When Mr. Coderre sat down Mr. Black 

dealt with the subject which was dear 
to the hearts of all those present—the 
subject of geology. 

A Century Ago. 

One hundred years ago the science was 
Just beginnlngto walk, but today it boast¬ 
ed a voluminous literature and a bril¬ 
liant assembly of the clever men of the 
world. At the banquet 46 different coun¬ 
tries were represented, he said, and never 
before had so many men and women of 
high distinction been gathered on this 

‘"to these,” he said, "this toast is pro¬ 
posed. Your attendance hero* tonight 
shows the international importance of 
Canada. Canada Is now a nation, and 
she has opened her heart and her re¬ 
sources to you." 

All Responded. 

Mr. Lindsay then called upon repre¬ 
sentatives of the different, countries to 
reply to the toast, and among those who 
responded were Dr. Aubrey Strahan of 
London, England; Dr. Stelnman of Ger- 
I man, Dr. Termier of France, Dr Tlesze 
of Austria, Dr. Chogran of Sweden, Dr. 
Renier of Belgium, Dr. Fermer of India,, 
Dr. Tchernyschen of Russia and Prof. 
Chamberlin of the United States The 
different speakers spoke in their mother 
tongues, and also ip English, and it was 
after one o'clock this morning before 
they ended in their extol&tion of Can¬ 

Geologists Guests 
Of German Consul 

German Members of Congress Enter¬ 
tained by J. Henry Peters. 

The German Consul, Mr. J. Henry 

In many senses it was a soul-stirring 
picture to watch—that of a ®ea of 
thinking faces glowing in the pleasures 
of international good fellowship. Faces 
burned brown beneath the winds and 
suns of every clime tad wrinkled with 
intellectual devotion to the pursuit of 
a splendid study, alike were cleared of 
signs of a week's application, and mer¬ 
riment reigned Instead. Minds focused 
for life from a score of different stand¬ 
points upon one great scientific goal 
turned as quickly to the Joys the night 
could bring forth. 

The spirit of enthusiasm which 
thrills a large congregation at any 
such period was heightened by the 
international nature of the assembly. 
It was literally “hands round th® 
world,” and the fact that 500 dele¬ 
gates gathered in from all corners of 
the globe and irrespective of creed or 
prejudice, should find a mutual pleas¬ 
ure contributed unusual zest. 

Learned Discussion. 

Bloating up from different sections 
of the arena could be distinguished 
snatches of learned conversation on 
occasion, but the whole merged into 
that pleasing jargon of voices, clink¬ 
ing of china and ripple of laughter 
which is peculiar alone to the de¬ 
lights of the festive board. 

Here, as one aptly described it, sit- | 
ting in Canada “upon the geological 
backbone of the world” representa¬ 
tives of all her serious-minded stu¬ 
dents were holding seasonable con¬ 

The addresses, in general were in¬ 
terpretative of t.he great store of 
knowledge bound up usually in tech- 
'HidaL terms. Some wtere epigram¬ 
matic and lit with sparkle and humor. 

.All were interesting and apprect-! 
ated to the lost, degree. Every voice 
| and every’ tongue blended in the ax»- 
! cented shout; “Long Live Canada.” 

sang “Oh Canada” in English, and Hon. 
W. H. Hearst then rose to reply to the 
toast to ‘‘The Lieutenant-Governor of 
Ontario,’’ Sir John Gibson, who was busy 
celebrating the centennial in Hamilton. 

Mr. Hearst explained the Canadian 
constitution to the foreign geologists, 
and after paying his hearers many com¬ 
pliments he turned his thought to On- i 
tario and her unbounded resources. 

“In Ontario,” said the minister, “we 
feel that there is a great field for re¬ 
search—that no place holds greater re¬ 
wards for the seeker after truth than 
our own Province of Ontario. The doors 
of the Province of Ontario will ever be 
open to you, and on behalf of the prov¬ 
ince I wish you a happy time during the 
remainder of your congress.” 

Quebec’s Resources. 

Hon. Charles Devlin, minister of colo¬ 
nization, mines and fisheries for Quebec, 
said that it was the first time he ever 
attempted a speech in French in Toronto, 
and ,then went on to show “en Fran- 
ca.ts” that Quebec’s mineral resources 
were as world-renowned as those of On¬ 
tario. He was confident that the geolo¬ 
gists had not been disappointed in their 
visit to Canada, and in closing express¬ 
ed the regret that the nevt visit to Can¬ 
ada would likely be kept back for years. 

After Mr. Devlin came Dr. Frank D.^ 
Adams, the president of the congress,’ 
with three brilliant speeches, the best in 
English and the other two in French and 
German. In English he glorified Canada 
as the “paradise for geologists.” 

There were virgin fields in this country 
for every branch of geological research, 
and the rocks of the Dominion contained 
every constituent member of the geologi¬ 
cal column. The adequate study of the 
subject would occupy the present generu- 
tions and many of the generations which 
would follow the present tribe. The mo¬ 
nograph prepared on coal resources of 
the world showed that the United States 
was first In this line; but, better than 
that, it showed that Canada occupied the 
proud position of being second, and a 
fighting second, at that. 

Our Sliver Camp. 

Beside* coal, the Dominion had the 
greatest silver camp, in Cobalt, and some 
of the greatest copper camps. He refer¬ 
red to the annual immigration of 300.000, 
which, be said, was double the immigra^ 
tion of the United StateB In her palmiest 
days, and concluded by prophesying that 
the future development of the country 
would be greater than the imlgination of 1 
the biggest optimist in the country. 

Possibly the most wholesome speech of 
the whole evening was that of G. G. S. 
Lindsay, K.C., of the coal resources com¬ 
mittee. Mr. Lindsay responded to the 
toast to the visiting delegates and mem¬ 
bers, and was most happy in his remarks. 
After opening with a humorous reference 
to Prof. Coleman of the •“coal age,” he 

Peters, entertained at luncheon the 
German delegates to the International 
I Geological Congress in the beautiful 
banquet hall of the German Club, 41 
Isabella Street. Present were the Drs. 
Andree, Beck, Belowisky, Bergeat, 
Boeck, Fischer, Freeh and -wife, from 
Breslau; Guerich, Haniel, Kayser, 
Iveidel, from Buenos Ayres; Krusch, 
Lachmann, Lueck, Mayer, from San¬ 
tiago, Chili; Milch, Mitscherlich, 
Paulecke, Pompeckj, Miss Kathgen, 
Riedel, Schenk, Schulze, Geheimrat 
Steinmann, Stille, Stolley, Tilmann, 
Weigand, Weise, Welter, Wolff. Among 
! the local guests were; H. Greeff, Gerh. 
t Heintzmann, Emil Nerlich, Otto 
Palm, Dr. A. C. Redderoth, F. 
Schnaufer, H. Simmers, Dr. Vogt, D. 
Weismiller, F. W. Weiss, Carl Zeidler 
and others. 

The luncheon was a very jovial af¬ 
fair. Short addresses were made by 
Herr Geheimrat Steinmann, of Bonn, 
president of the delegation; Mr. 
Peters, the Consul, and Mr. Emil Ner¬ 
lich, president of the German Club. 

After luncheon a pietuie was taken 
of the party grouped in front of the 

■ I i^.* I 3 ' 


German Scientists Entertained at 
Deutscher Verein 

Under the two flags of Great 
Britain and Germany, the German 
delegates to the Geological Congress 
were entertained at dinner yester¬ 
day at the Deutscher Verein on Isa¬ 
bella street, by Mr. J. Henry Peters, 
the German Consul. Following the 
national custom the speech-making 
was informal, and an exchange of 
compliments was the chief feature of 
the gathering, Professorr Steinmann 
replying to the welcome of the Con¬ 
sul by expressing the hope that Cana¬ 
da would see the geologists ‘ again. 
Some fifty guests were at. dinner, in¬ 
cluding over twenty prominent Ger¬ 
man citizens of Toronto. The menu 
was replete with the various dishes 
which make Germany renowned 


Five Hundred Geologists 
Attend Official Banquet 
of the Congress. 


Delegates Prepare for Wind¬ 
up of the Twelfth Inter¬ 
national Congrefes. 

Brains enough to do the whole 
world's thinking and not develop a 
headache were 'collecte.d 'at onie long 
taM© within a tent in tlhie Toronto 
Armories last evening. It was the 
official banquet in connection with the 
12t)h International Geological Con¬ 
gress, now 4m session here, and there 
were present, to use thie words of 
thie chairman, five hundred mem, thie 
mast eminent savants of an enri'inent 
scdiemioa, whose dike was never before 
aeiern in this city, and a gathering 
pnoibalbly never surpassed in any city. 
Apart. from the noted geologists at 
the high table, the party included, 
among other diistinguii'shied Canadians, 
the Ministers of Mines of the Domdn- J 
ion and of two provinces, and the 
president of the largest university in 
the country. There were many wo¬ 
men in the assembly. 

There were over a score of speeches 
made during the evening in several 
different languages. Soane of the 
orations were light and frothy, others 
were technical and abstruse, but most 
of them followed a safe middle path 
between the two extremes. 

Dr. Frank D. Adams, the president 
of tfhe congress, who acted 'as chair- j 
man and toastmaster, welcomed the 
visiting delegates in .English, French 
and German. 

He sketched) the attractions of 
Canada from the geologist’s point of 
view, mentioning in particular her 
vast coal deposits and the nickel and 
silver mines in Northern Ontario^ 
Thie study of Canada’s minerals, he 
said, would occupy the attention of 
generatiioins of geologists yet un¬ 

Responds for the Duke. 

Hon, Louis Coderre, Federal Sec¬ 
retary of State and Minister of Mines, 
spoke to the toast of the Governor - 
General in the absence of the Duke of 
Connaught. In paying a tribute to 
his Royal Highness Mr. Coderre said 
that the Duke had “stepped away 
from the foot of the throne to bring 
Royalty in contact with the people of 
Canada.” The Minister referred ap¬ 
preciatively to the Duke's arduous task 
in personally visiting every part of 
the Dominion, and voiced the grati¬ 
tude of Canadians at the convalescence 
of the Duchess. 'J 



Hon. W. H. Hearri, Minister of 
Lands, Forests and Minos for Ontario, 
briefly explained, for the visitors bene¬ 
fit, the division of responsibl y be 
tween the Federal and Provincial Got 
ernments. Referring to Ontario’s po¬ 
sition in the sphere of geologj, he re 
marked, “X feel that in this province 
nature has hidden some of hergreaty 
treasures; that no place to the world 
■ holds a greater reward for the fait 

I full seeker after the truth-’ 

| Hon. Chas. Devlin, Minister of Colon! 


zatior. Mines and Fisheries for Quebec 
spoke for his province in a witty speeci 
to French, the first in that tongue, he 
said, which he had had an opportunity 
to deliver in Toronto. 

An Influence for Peace, 

The toast of the visiting delegates was 
proposed by G. G. S, Lindsey, K.C., who 
remarked that he had been selected or 
that duty as a “junior specimen of th 
age interglacial, in preference to the old 
fossils,’’ because, he supposed, - youths 
rush in where old men fear to tread. Mi • 
Lindsey said he had a .great respect for 
the earth on account of its venerable age; 
it was a good old earth, full of informa¬ 
tion, and full of rocks. The delegates, 
in his view, came to Canada not only as 
preachers of geology, ^t as preachers of 
the gospel of peace. “These meetings and 
their like," he said, “are what make tor 
universal peace,” and for that reason he 
hoped they would come again some day. 
for the gospel of peace was the greatest 

of all gospels. 

Those who were called on to speaK in 
behalf of the visiting delegates included:— 

Dr Aubrey Strachan, Great Britain; Dr. 
Stelnman, Germany; Dr. Termier, France; 

Dr Tietze, Austria, past president of the 
congress; Dr. Sjoegren. Sweden; Dr. 
Renter, Belgium; Dr. Fermor, India; Dr. 
Baldacci, Italy; Dr. Inouye, Japan; Pro¬ 
fessor Chamberlain, United States. Each 
of these gentlemen made a brief speech, 
four or five languages being employed by 

The banquet was held in a large tent 
within the main hall of the Armories, 
the interior being brilliantly lighted and 
decorated with evergreens massed along 
the walls. Music was furnished by the 
band of the 10th Royal Grenadiers, which 
played in the gallery at the other end of 
the Armories. The novel feature of the pro- | 
ceedings was the heralding of the several , 
toasts by a bugler stationed behind the 
president's chair. Several baritone selec- | 
tions were rendered during the evening 
by James Cuyler Black. 

The announcement was made by 
Dr, Adams that , Dr. W. G. 
Miller, who will receive the degree of doc¬ 
tor of law3 from the University of To¬ 
ronto, is shortly to be presented with a 
portrait of himself as a token of apprecia¬ 
tion from the mining men of Ontario. 

Reassembled for Lectures. 

Refreshed by their various excur¬ 
sions on Tuesday, the delegates to the 
congress reassembled yesterday morn¬ 
ing ajt the University Bnil dings for iihe 
continuance of the series of lectures. 
A*t 9 o’clock there was a meeting of the 
council in the main building, wihen the 
I Belgian delegates were made acquaint¬ 
ed with some of the details of man¬ 
agement, in view of the next meeting 
in Brussels in 1917. The principal 
topics to be discussed at the next ses¬ 
sion will probably be “The Nitrate, 
Phosphate and Soda Deposits of the 
World,” “The World’s Copper Depos¬ 
its,” and “Our Petroleum Resources.” 

Yesterday’s lectures dealt exclusive- 
j ly with the pre-Cambrian period, the 
i morning’s programme embracing ad¬ 
dresses by Mr. J. J. Sedertioim, of Hel¬ 
singfors, Finland, on the “Different 
Types of Pre-Cambrian Unconformi¬ 
ties”; by Mr. Grenville Cole, Dublin. 
Ireland, on “Illustrations of the For¬ 
mation of Composite Gneisses and Am¬ 
phibolites in North-west Ireland,” and 
by Mr. G. F. Matthew, St. John, N.B., 
on the “Cambrian and Pre-Cambrian 
in the Maritime Provinces of Canada.” 

In the afternoon the proceedings 
were opened by Dr. Strahan, Assistant 
Director of the Geological Survey of 
Great Britain, who read a paper on 
“The Subdivisions and Correlation of 
the Pre-Cambrian Rocks of the British 
Isles.” Professor Andrew Lawson, of 
the University of California, followed 
with an elaborate address advocating 
“A Standard Scale for the Pre-Cam¬ 
brian Rooks of North America.” Sir 
T. H. Holland, of Manchester, Eng¬ 
land, spoke on geological formations in 
India in their correlation to those of 
other parts of the world, imctodJing 
Canada, Professor Coleman, of Toron¬ 
to University, following with a paper 
on “The Sud'biury Series and Its Bear¬ 
ing on Pre-Cambrian Classification.” 

A general discussion on the whole 
subject followed. 

Inspected Clay Deposits. 

Two excursions were on yesterday’s 
programme of arrangements, one at 
8 a.m. to iStreetsville 1 by the C.P.R., 
and the other at 2 p.m. to inspect t'he 
Clay deposits near Toronto. 

To-day the session will be brought 
to a close at a general meeting at 10 

At four o'clock there will be a 
special convocation of the University 
of Toronto, for the conferring of 
honorary degrees, tj be followed by a 
garden party, given by the Board of 
Governors of the University of To¬ 
ronto, in honor of the congress. 



Big Excursion of Geologists Will 
Go Through West 

OTHERS TO VISIT COBALT to a good time. 

brought out provoked much merri¬ 
ment. However, the scientific side 
was listened to with a silence which 
was remarkable. If the fate of all 
the nations had been trembling in the 
balance there could not have been 
more tension. 

Would Cast Old Word Aside. 

The discussion was mainly as to 
the names to be applied to the various 
divisions of Pre-Cambrian rocks in the 
North American continent, and con¬ 
siderable debate took place as to the 
use of the word Laurentian. Dr. A. 
C. Lawson of the University of Cali¬ 
fornia- said : "We have discovered 
what Laurentian means and now 
want to throw It overboard. All I 
am claiming for is a classification 
of the geological system; I do not 
care for the name, but I do care for 
the interpretation which the scheme 

The importance of the break in the 
form at the top of the Huronian was 
emphasized by Dr. Lawson, who ex¬ 
plained it by the Eparchean interval. 
This point was taken up by Dr. 
Deith of Wisconsin. 

Dr. Coleman of Toronto pointed 
out that the name Daurentian might 
well be retained for the granites in¬ 
truded throughout the Sudbury ser¬ 
ies, but clearly older than the Huron¬ 
ian. Dr. Deith was not inclined to 
accept the Couchiching series as nec¬ 
essarily older than the Keewatin. The 
discussion was participated in by Dr. 
Sederholm of Finland; Dr. Barlow, 
McGill University; Sir T. H. Gotland 
of the Asiatic Society of Bengal; Prof. 
G. A. J. Cole; Dr. Horne, Scotland, 
and Mr. D. Fermor of the Government 
of India. Dr. A. Strachan of the 
Geological Survey of Great Britain 
was Chairman. It was an enjoyable 
afternoon, and the various speakers 
met with hearty applause as they 
drove home their arguments. 

Mr. Lindsey's Good Work. 

Mr. G. G. S. Lindsey, K. C„ the 
Chairman of the Transportation Com¬ 
mittee, has good reason to be proud 
of himself. The big C-l excursion 
which leaves for the west to-night is 
composed of a -wonderful body of 
women and men. Of the 115 mem¬ 
bers, Austria has 2, Argentine 1, Bel¬ 
gium 2. Canada 24, France 10, Ger¬ 
many 17, Great Britain 9, Greece 1. 
Hungary 1, Tndo-Cbina 2, Italy 3, 
Netherlands 1. Russia 8, Sweden 4, 
United States 2 4. The leader is the 
President. Dr. F. D. Adams; Associate 
Leader, J. B. Tyrrell; Secretary, J 
McLeish, Chief of the Division of 
Mineral Resources and Statistics, Ot- 
ta-wa. The other excursions to Co¬ 
balt and the west are almost filled up. 
jLnd the members are looking forward 


Chairman Lindsey of Transportation 
Committee Has Arranged a Splen¬ 
did Schedule — Yesterday’s Dis¬ 

Those who were fortunate enough 
to be present yesterday afternoon at | 
the Physics building when “The Sub¬ 
division, Correlation and Terminology 
of the Pre-Cambrian Period” came 
under discussion will never forget the 
interesting debate which followed the 
reading of the papers. 

The room was well filled and ev¬ 
erybody was on tiptoe with anticipa¬ 
tion. It proved to be a case of dia¬ 
mond cut diamond; it was thrust and 
parry all the while, and the humor 


Resolution of Thanks to the Contri¬ 
butors to Congress. 

At the meeting of the International 
Geological Congress to-day a resolu¬ 
tion was passed expressing the thanks 
of the congress to the various Gov¬ 
ernments, the City of Toronto, the 
University of Toronto, and the vari¬ 
ous contributors for the assistance 
and entertainment afforded them in 
their meetings here. Special acknow¬ 
ledgment was made of the work of 
President Adams and Secretary R. W. 

After Closing Social Functions 
Scientists Will Leave on 

With loudly applauded resolutions 
of thanks to all those who had made 
the gathering a success, the Twelth 
International Geological Congress 
closed its final meeting this morning, 
and after the conferring of degrees 
at Convocation and the garden party 
this afternoon, the Congress will dis¬ 
perse until it meets four years hence 
in Brussels. This evening the first ex¬ 
cursions leave for the Canadian West. 

In moving the resolutions, Mr. G. 
O. Smith declared that as a member 
of the largest delegation to the Con¬ 
gress and coming from the United 
States, Canada's nearest neighbor, he 
could share the glory of the Domin¬ 
ion in entertaining so distinguished 
a body. “Some have greatness thrust 
upon us, others are born great,” he 
, said, “and 1 was born within five 
miles of the Canadian line.” ' 

Gratitude was expressed in the mo¬ 
tion to the Duke of Connaught for ex¬ 
tending his patronage, to the Federal 
and Provincial Governments. the 
City of Toronto, the University, the 
colleges, and all those who had con¬ 
tributed to the success and comfort 
I of the Confess. Special gratitude was 
due to President Adams and General- 
Secretary Brock. 

M. Regnier. in a neat speech, 
thanked the Congress for accepting 
Belgium’s invitatipn and asked for the 
co-operation of tlie members in mak¬ 
ing the gathering of 1917 a success. 

Chart oL, the World. 

Among the reports adopted by the 
general meeting this morning wdre 
those of the glacial commission and 
the commission which has outlined 
the plans for the new chart of the 
world, with the apportionment . of 
I countries to various geographers. Fol¬ 
lowing the lead oRthe zoological so¬ 
cieties, the new rules for plaeontolo- 
gicai nomenclature will lie adopted 
and the. geographical lexicon is to be 
re-edited for the next Congress. Mr. 
R. W. Brook has been made a member 
of the committee, in addition, inter¬ 
national committees will be formed 
for the purpose of correlating Pre- 
Cambrian formations and drafting 
constitutional by-laws for the- Con¬ 

74 CUA/ty 


Armouries ihe Scene of {Brilliant Gathering—Over Forty Countrie 
Represented bxi Delegates — Many Handsome Qowns 
Worn by the Ladies 

t H ^ \ • 

Geological Congress 

Celebrating an entente cordiale of Mrs. Matthews, black silk and real 
over forty countries which, said Hon. lace; Mrs. Haltedahl, blue silk; Mrs. 
Louis Coderre, Federal Minister of J- F. Kemp. lavender charmeuse; 
Mines, would make for “the glory, the Mary McLennan of Stratford, 

peace and the welfare, not only of ® re ® n SSL 11 " draped with black; Mrs. 

Canada, but of the whole world,” the Macdonald wkite brocade wfth J gofd 
Twelfth International Geological iand crystal lace; Mrs. Murray Clarke 
Congress was entertained at the ban- 'very handsome In a French gown 
quet given last night at the Armouries \ of white Dresden chiffon veiled with 

by the President and Executive Com¬ 
mittee on behalf of Canada. 

Seven hundred and fifty covers had 
been laid for the guests, and the good 
fellowship which prevailed from half 
past eight until one o'clock this morn¬ 
ing revealed the excellence of human¬ 
ity which underlies one of the most 
“technical” sciences in the world. 

gray, pearl ornaments, a corsage 
bouquet of pink roses and roses in 
her hair, Mrs. W. F. Ferrier wore a 
gown of midnight blue broche crepe 
de chine with real lace and orna¬ 
ments of opals and diamonds; Miss 
Ferrier was in beauty satin; Miss 
Neville wore apricot flowered chif¬ 
fon over satin; Madame Coderre, in 
black with diamonds, Mrs. David 

From East and West and South they | Dunlap a Parisian gown of Brussels 

lace, draped over white and silver 

had come, from laboratories and the 
great fields, and there was not a 
single national or scientific prejudice 
to mar the happiness of the evening. 
The speeches made were compliment¬ 
ary in the extreme, but the sincerity 
of the remarks was undoubted. Cana¬ 
dians, who were present, will not 
easily forget the gathering -which has 
prefaced the beginning of the end, 
when the geologists are about to 
leave Toronto for the Western excur¬ 
sions and a subsequent dispersion to 
the four corners of the earth. 

H.R.H. the Duke of Connaught was 
represented by Hon. Louis Coderre, 
and the Lieutenant-Governor of On¬ 
tario by Hon. W. H. Hearst. The Min¬ 
isters expressed regret at the un¬ 
avoidable absence of His Majesty’s 
representatives, Hon. Louis Coderre 
declaring that he was sure it w T ould 
have given the Duke great pleasure 
to have been present and thanking 
the foreign delegates for their ex 

brocade, opal and diamond necklace 
and earrings, corsage bouquet of 
pink roses; Mrs. J. D. Tyrrell, a beau¬ 
tiful gown of white satin, embroider¬ 
ed with cornflowers and silver; Mrs. 
Hocken was in white satin draped 
with Dresden ninon and lace, dia¬ 
mond ornaments and magnificentl 
purple orchids on her corsage; Lady 
McRoberts, very handsome in white 
satin draped with black gauze, a deep 
hem of coral satin, which was also 
Introduced on the bodice, very beauti¬ 
ful necklace and earrings of dia¬ 
monds; Mrs. Morant, pale blue satin 
with gold and silver embroideries; 
Mrs. Arthur Day, of Washington, 
palest pink chiffon over -white satin, 
•with silver embroideries; Mrs. Cole¬ 
man, black with crimson, rose em¬ 
broidered panels, real lace scarf; Mrs. 
Bedford MacNeil, of London, pink 
chiffon over crepe de chine, pearl 

pfessions of sympathy at the illness ornaments; Mrs. Strahan of London, 
of the Duchess. grey brocade wth old Brussels point 

Ontario did not want for cham- lace and antique necklace and orna- 
pions, when it came to the geological ments of amethysts; Mrs. C. V. Hoi- 
eulogies of the evening. W T hile Hon. mani G f Maine, very handsome in 
Charles Devlin, lauded the resources ^lack i aC6i satin and jet, with mag- 
of Quebec, Ontario was upheld by 11 . n ifj cent diamonds; Miss Rathgin, 
Hearst as one of the greates green chiffon over white satin; Mrs. 

of research in the • . hi ’ and Miss Stephenson, both in black 

declared Dr. Frank Adams m his satin; Mrg _ HauUain wore a whita 

paradise U of geologists Speaking of sown; Mrs. McEvoy, mauve satin 
the future of the Dominion, he de-1 with real lace; Mrs. Parks, royal 
dared that immigration to this coun- blue, veiled with black chiffon and 
try now 300,000 annually, was greater! a corsage bouquet of lilies; Mrs. Fer- 
in proportion to its population than mor, of India, black satin with tunic 
it ever was in the United States. He] of -white lace, corsage bouquet of red 

roses; Mrs. Charlton, of London, 
black over white satin, -with black] 
velvet, carbuncle and diamond ear¬ 
rings, bandeau of antique pearls on 
black velvet; Miss Addison, pale blue 
and silver: Mrs. Peck, white satin 

concluded by mentioning that the 
miners of Ontario were presenting Dr. 

W. G. Miller with a portrait of him¬ 
self in oils, in recognition of his ser¬ 
vices, and that the University of To¬ 
ronto was conferring upon him the 

degree of LL.D. draped with real lace, trimmed black 

Response to the . = ' niade by velvet and pearls, pearl ornaments; 

and foreign deleg England; Dr.] Mrs - Whitman Cross, in a very effec- 

Dr. Aubrey fetra , Termier of tiev gown of black and white lace 

11“" Dr %ie?e of A“; Dr1 with diamond ornament* 

Chagran of Sweden; Dr. Renter, ofi — 

Belgium; Dr. Fermor, of India,^Dr. 

Tchernyschef, of Russia, irioi. 

Chamberlin, of the I- 1 / 1 !*-®* 3 . ro . p 

The banquet, was held in a la *A 0 

tent which had been erected in tne 
building, and was lined with ®® di “ 
trees The tables looked very lovely 
with bowls of scarlet gladioli and 
yellow- asters arranged alternately 
with gold shaded eandfles between. 

Among the lovely gowns worn were 
those of: The presidents wife, Mrs. 

Frank D. Adams of Montreal a very 
handsome gown of white satin with 
embroideries of black, grey and silver 
and a cerise girdle; Mrs. Arnoldi, in 
black lace and ninon, 3E with pearls. 

Above—Prof. Fairchild. President University-of Rochester, and Prof. Kay, 
Iowa State Geologist. Relow—Prof. .7. I). Howell, F.R.G.S., Director 
of the Geological Survey, Newfoundland. 

'Xvuqt- ih* i5pV__ 



Practical Evidence of the Entente Cordiale Between Briton 
and Teuton at Unique Dinner in Toronto 

It didn't seem to sound like that 
terrible bogey of “menace,” and 
“peril,” and “emergency” with which 
politicians are wont to frighten our 
loyal and peaceful Canadian citizen- 
hood. It was a noteworthy and happy 
gathering of distinguished Germans 
in Canada’s Mecca of jingoism—an 
intermingling of Anglo-Saxon and 
Teuton in cordial camaraderie under 
the entwined flags of King George 
and the Kaiser Wilhelm. 

If they had not previously felt per¬ 
fectly at home in Toronto, the Ger¬ 
man delegates to the International 
Geological Congress realized complete 
relaxation yesterday, when some thirty 
or more of them sat down to a com¬ 
plimentary dinner tendered by the 
German Consul, Mr. J. Henry Peters, 
at Deutscher Verein, the German club 
on Isabella street. In addition to the 
delegates upwards of twenty pro¬ 
minent .German citizens of Toronto 
were present. 

No one was there who could not 
speak the language of the Fatherland. 
From the moment when the guests 
filed into the well-appointed dining¬ 
room until left it, three hours 

later, vi sr^f W-t and hosts became com¬ 
pletely jf0i Sorbed in the discussion of 
tt^tte;|F pertaining to old Fatherland. 

The menu provided was in true 
German style, and it was not to be 
wondered at if, for some, it was the 
best-relished meal enjoyed since 
leaving home. There were, of course, 
the characteristic rye bread, Lim- 
burger cheese, fish eggs, and the in¬ 
evitable German brew, besides num¬ 
berless little dainties only a German 
chef can provide. 

In keeping with the German cus¬ 
tom there was very little speech¬ 
making after the repast, but the 
speakers, referring to the pleasure it 
gave them to meet their scientific 
brethren under the British flag, em¬ 
phasized the cordial relations exist¬ 
ing between Great Britain and Ger¬ 
many to-day. The German Consul 
briefly bade his company welcome, 
and expressed the hope that they 
would return agdin to this country. ] 
Professor Steinmann, replying for the 
German geologists, assured all pre¬ 
sent that their visit to Canada would 
Indeed be a memorable one in the 
lives of all the delegates. Just be¬ 
fore rising, Mr. Emil Nerlich, Presi¬ 
dent of the Deutscher Verein, ex¬ 
pressed his happiness at having such 
a distinguished company dine at his 

The delegates included two ladies, 
Fraulein Rathgen, who recently made 
a tour of exploration in Egypt, and 
Mrs. Freeh, who was present with her 
husband, Professor Freeh of Breslau. 

1 ‘AU*. I ^ - t <5J !3. 

A Brilliant Spectacle V Ken 500 
Geologists Assemole at 



Representatives of. the Various 
Governments Express Appre¬ 
ciation of tlie Congress. 


Wars and Rumors of Wars 
Had No Place 

Under a canopy of canvas within 
the castleated walls of Toronto's mili¬ 
tary armories, there met last night at 
the banquet tables envoys from prac¬ 
tical^ the entire civilized world in a 
feast of .fellowship. War, wair-cries, 
and the rumors of war might never 
have existed so far as was evidenced 
by the international gathering last 
night. It was one great full interna¬ 
tional chord of harmony Men of Ger¬ 
many, Japan, France, China, England, 
Austria, the United States, Italy, India, 
Canada, the Phillipines. and goodness 
knows where else, met in the spirit of 
; uni ty. 

Many Ladies Present. 

Nearly 500 delegates, members, and 
friends, were marshaled in the ar¬ 
mories- When about 9 o'clock Secre¬ 
tary Leckie gave the word—‘’Dinner 
is served," many ladies, all in full 
dress, some from far countries, others 
well known in the social circles of 
Toronto, relieved the sombre black 
and white circles at the tables, and : 
the scientific solidarity of the con- i 

Inside the great marquee the scene j 
was one of light and brilliance. About 
50 tables were spread over the floor. ] 
At the south end a long table ex- j 
tended the full width, and here were j 
seated some of the men whose names i 
are known to geologists and mining 
engineers the world over, as authori¬ 
tative. Here, too, were seated the Hon. 
Louis Coderre, representing the Gov¬ 
ernor-General and the Government of 
ICanada, Hon- Mr. Charles Devlin, 
Minister of Mines and Fisheries for 
Quebec, Hon. W. H. Hearst, Minister 
of Lands, Forests, and Mines, for On¬ 
tario, Mayor Hocken of Toronto, 
President Falconer of Toronto Uni¬ 
versity, and many others of distinction 
at home as well as abroad- 

A Beautiful Scene. 

The great tent was walled in by ced¬ 
ars, and lit by pendant electric globes. 
Hanging baskets of flowers descended 
also from the canvas roof, while all 
the tables bore masses of gladioli and 
golden glow. A trumpeter in a red 
uniform stood behind President I 
Adams’ chair to signal when each! 

announcement was to be made. The 
Grenadier Band played grand opera 
music in the west gallery. The ban¬ 
quet was probably one of the best 
managed and briskest in its interest 
of those ever held here, and its in¬ 
ternational character was unique. 

Representatives of Canada. 

Hon. Louis Coderre spoke in Eng¬ 

. - ' 1 r rrjng to 

Mv-.era; at... bis • n- 
sor . “that he utw h* ■ that 

her Loyal H.giinoss nus recovered, in 
the near tuiure the royal couple will 
I be ag'aln .in our midst. And were it 
'possible for them to visit Toronto at 
this moment, I am confident that no¬ 
where could they be sheltered more 
than in the hearts of the distinguished 
visitors here to-night." 

Mr. James Black, who interspersed 
the speeches at certain intervals with 
vocal solos in English. French, Ital¬ 
ian, and German, followed here with 
an enthusiastic rendering of “O Can¬ 

Mr. Hearst referred to the 400,000 
square miles of territory in Canada, 
an arte, he said, 7 or S times that of 
England and Wales. 

Hon. Charles Devlin, of Quebec, told 
the delegates that he did not under¬ 
stand their language and he did not 
suppose they' would understand his 
(French-Canadian). However, when 
he spok° in French he was highly 
applauded. He said the reception to 
the congress in Canada represented 
the sentiment of the people of Canada. 

A Presir.' ntial Welcome. 

■\.V the delegates from all 

unto for the first 
;.. s.aent Adams.. “We 
have her- '■ of the most distin¬ 
guished i !•. ''.logical science. 

Canada is a par adise tor geolog sts. 
The wealth of our material embar¬ 
rasses us. We have every con¬ 
stituent developed from the Archali 
and the Pleistocene to the great sedi¬ 
mentary column representing every 
aeon in the history of time.” 

Dr. Adams then modestly referred to 
our mineral resources. Our immigra¬ 
tion at the rate of 300,000 a year was 
one of the great .world-movements of 
the people, and exceeded the rate per 
head of established population si t by 
the United State i. it. greatest p, r- 
iod by three firms 

“Our earnest fume is that you will 
entry home with - >i pleasant memor- 
•? C"" J us ■ " retain of your 

visit.”' , 

Dr. Ad; ms-repeal, i :ss remarks in 
French, and then to d< light of the! 
Ten on; :n mibe ;• Id genpmi 

apphiwst- lid ih«' [■-[' ■ in German. Dr. 
Adams ,t . - w icb it was 

•b red that Pt srer Miller, who was 
to b■' honored by Vi University degr- 
Doctor of Law to-day, was to have an 
oil portrait of himself presented by the 
mining men of Canada. 

A Capable Organizer 

Mr. G. G. S. Lindsey, K.C., chairman 

of the local finance committee, who 
jmafle himself not only extremely use¬ 
ful as an organizer, but popular as well 
! through the course of this Congress, 
! followed. 

“Youths rush in where fossils fear 
to tread,” he said, disclaiming any 
other right to speak for Toronto 

“It's a good old earth,” said Mr. 
Lindsey, “full of information, full of 
interest, and full of rocks.” 

Geology as a science was about 100 
years old. The most of its history had 
been written in the last aO years, and 
the men and women who had written 
ihe most of it were mostly all present 
before and beside him. 

“We have learned to love you,' de¬ 
clared Mr. Lindsey. “We are all stu¬ 
dents of nature, and one touch of na¬ 
ture makes the whole world kin. Un¬ 
til we meet again in Belgium for the 
advancement of science and the world's 
peace, we wish you peace and good¬ 
will,” concluded Mr. Lindsey. 

Speakers in Other Languages. 

Dr. Steinmann, of Germany, then fol¬ 
lowed in German.. Dr. Ternier spoke 
in French for the geologists of France. 
Dr. Tietze spoke in German for Aus¬ 
tria. Mr. Chamberlain, of Chicago, 
dean of American geologists, spoke for 
the United States. 

”On behalf of your nearest neigh¬ 
bor I bring to you greetings and con¬ 
gratulations,” he said. “You represent 
in Canada the Alpha and Omega of 
geology. You are the cornerstone of 
the world and a large part of the foun¬ 
dation. You have had a steady geo¬ 
logical growth with the least possible 
amount of cataclysm commensurate 
with the great development. You are 
the great exemplification of continen¬ 
tal glaciation, that period of trial of 
what was good and the elimination of 
what was weak preparatory to the 
new future. If geology brings us any 
message that is great and inspiring to 
mankind, it is one of destined great¬ 
ness of future for the human race. 

“In that great future we look to this 
nation as one of the great nations yet 
to come.” 

The Canadian Problem. 

Dr. Strahan, of London, said that 
one language would suffice to express 
his sentiments—English. 

“It did not impress me so much that 
Canada was ten times as big as the 
British Isles,” he said smiling. “The 
Atlantic ocean is bigger than either. 
The big thing here is your problem. 
You have half a continent and your 
problems are of cosmic importance. 
At home we are at the parochial 
stage. The big things have been 
done. What impresses me is the im¬ 
portant work Canadian geologists 
have done in deciphering the geology 
of your great territory.” 

Dr. Strahan said that more money 
was being wasted in England explor¬ 
ing in impossible places for coal than 
would pay for a National Surv.ey and 
a pension for its deserving officers. 

“This is the message,” concluded 
the distinguished Britisher, “that I 
shall take home to my confreres: I 
find in Canada enormous resources 
awaiting development. I find capable 
geologists in the East as well as in 
the West, investigating- those rer 

Dr. Fernow said that India had 
only heretofore developed gold and 
iron. She was going ahead now and 
would catch up to Canada. 

A Toast from Italy. 

The Venerable Professor Carlo de 
Steppeni of Florence spoke for Italy 
of the land of Columbus and Cabot 
and VespuccL 

“In the names of Italy and Rome, 
propose the toast of Canada, the land 
of youth, enthusiasm, strength, and 
execution,” cried the aged Italian 

Mr. inouye, of Japan, said the con¬ 
gress was drawing civilized nations to¬ 
gether into closer relation. “Japan has 
made great progress, and we hope with 
your assistance we may be able to ful¬ 
fil our duties towards mankind,” con¬ 
cluded Mr. Inouye. “Let me again ex¬ 
press our hearty thanks for the hospi¬ 
tality of the Canadian people.—Banzai” 

The Swedish speaker likened Can¬ 
ada to Sweden, as the greater counter¬ 
part of his own country. 

Geologists Stimulated. 

“It is stimulating for European geolo¬ 
gists to witness the conquest of the 
New World by the Anglo-Saxon race, 
co-operating with the foremost races 
of uie international world,” he said. 
"We bay , -A , ly-oudtung intention 
in bridge the ; o from Spitsbergen to 
Cream..,nA and from Greenland co the 
north-eastern shore of Canada. 

“The wore of this congress will prove 
of everlasting benefit to science,” con¬ 
cluded Dr. Backstiom: 

Dr. Tehernyschew spoke in French 
in behalf of Russia. 

Mr. McDermott, secretary of the In¬ 
stitute of Metallurgy, replied for the 

"We thank you,” he said, amidst 
laughing applause. 

The international gathering then 
sang “God Save the King” in the tra 
ditional loyal style of Britain and Bri¬ 
tish America. 

Oran.- kfl3. JK 

The Geological Banquet 

I One of the most charming and bril¬ 
liant events of the season was the 
fcanquet given by the president and 
Executive Committee of the Interna¬ 
tional Geological Congress in the ar- 
trories last night. A fljw’ge marquee 
Jiad been formed into a perfect cedar 
forest, with softly carpeted floor of 
green, and inside this bower were 
{placed numbers of small tables, seat¬ 
ing ten and twelve, with the long table 
Pf honor for the president and the 
Snost distinguished guests. The de¬ 
corations were very beautiful, con- 
BiEting of brass bowls filled with 
Ecarlet gladioli and yellow asters al¬ 
ternately, and brass candles shad¬ 
ed in gold on the smaller tables, 
v/hile the long table was arranged 
[With, silver and silver bowls holding 
orchids, carrying out most effectively 
the color scheme of red, gold, and sil¬ 
ver. The large toast list included the 
toast of “His Majesty the King,” pro¬ 
posed by the president; to “H. R. H. 
the Duke of Connaught, Governor- 
General, and the Duchess of Con¬ 
naught,” responded to by Hon. Mr. 
Coderre, Minister of Mines; “The 
Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario,” and 
ethers. Among the many lovely 
gowns worn were: The president’s 
wife, Mrs. Frank D. Adams (Mont¬ 
real), a very handsqkne gown of white 
satin with embroideries of black, grey, 
and silver, and a centre girdle; Madame 
Coderre, in black with diamonds: Mrs. 
Hocken was in while satin draped with 
Dresden ninon and lace, diamond, or¬ 
naments, and magnificent purple or¬ 
chids on her corsage; Mrs. J. D. Tyr¬ 
rell, a beautiful gown of White satin, 
embroidered with cornflowers and sil¬ 
ver; Mrs. David Dunlap, a ' Parisian 
gown of Brussels lace, draped over 
white and silver brocade, opal and -dia¬ 
mond necklace and earrings, corsage 
bouquet of pink roses; Lady McRo- 
fcerts, very handsome in white satin 
draped with black gauze, a deep hem 
of coral satin, which was also intro¬ 
duced on the bodice, very beautiful 
necklace and earrings of diamonds; 
IMrs. Coleman, black with crimson, 
rose embroidered panels, real lace 
fcarf; Mrs. Bedford MacNeill (Lon¬ 
don). pink chiffon over crepe de chine, I 
pearl ornaments; Mrs. Strahan (Lon¬ 
don), grey brocade with old Brussels 
point lace and antique necklace and 
ornaments of amethysts: Mrs. Fermor, 
India, black satin with tunic, of white 
lace, * . rs.ige bouquet of red roses; 
Mrs. Charlton (London), black over 
white satin, with black velvet, car¬ 
buncle and diamond earrings, bandeau 
of antique pearls on black velvet; 
Miss Addison, pale blue and silver; 
Mrs. Peck, white satin draped with 
real lace, trimmed black velvet and 
pearls, pearl ornaments; Mrs. Whit¬ 
man Cross, in a very effective gown of 
black and white lace, with diamond 
ornaments; Mrs. C. V. Holman 
(Maine), very handsome in fclack lac-e, 
satin, and jet, with magnificent dia¬ 
monds; Miss Rathgen, green chiffon 
over white satin; Mrs. and Miss Ste¬ 
phenson, both in black satin; Mrs. 
Haultain wore a white, gown: Mrs. 
McEvoy, mauve satin with real lace: 
Mrs. Parks, royal blue, veiled with 
black chiffon and a corsage bouquet of 
lilies; Mrs Arnoldi, black lace and 
ninon, with pearls; Mrs. Matthews, 
black silk and real lace; Mrs. Halte- 
dahl. blue silk; Mrs. J. F. Kemp, lav¬ 
ender charmeuse; Miss Mary McLen¬ 
nan (Stratford), green satin draped 
with black; Mrs. T. L. Walker, in 
black; Mrs. J. A. Macdonald, white 
brocade with gold and crystal lace; 
Mrs. Morant, pale blue satin with gold 
and silver embroideries; Mrs. Arthur 
Day (Washington), palest pink chif¬ 
fon over white satin, with silver em¬ 
broideries; Mrs. Murray Clarke, a 
French gown of white Dresden chiffon 
veiled with grey, pearl ornaments, a 
corsage bouquet of pink roses and 
rose® in her hair; Mrs. W. F. Ferrier 
wore a gown of midnight blue brocre 
ertpe de chine with real lace and or¬ 
naments of opals and diamonds; Miss 
Ferrier was in beauty satin, and Miss 
Neville wore apricot flowered chiffon 
over satin. 

70 \ V \C\ 



Professor Day of Beirut Tells 
of His Experiences in 


The Only Remedy by Which to 
Control the Religious 

One of the many interesting person¬ 
alities at this Geological Conference 
is Professor A- E. Day of Syria Or¬ 
iginally from Illinois, he has been, at¬ 
tached to a Protestant lay missionary 
college near Beirut for a number of 
years. The far-famed cedars of Le¬ 
banon are within the district of his 

‘‘There is one grove," he said, “that 
is apparently very old. Whether it 
really existed in Bible times or not 
I do not know. It is protected by the 
village which owns it, and a watch¬ 
man is kept there day and night. The 
goats in that country eat everything, 
and would otherwise destroy t4 e 
young trees. The cutting of wood is 
strictly regulated. By this care the 
grove itself is preserved, but it does 
not spread in area. There are two or 
three other lesser groves of younger 
trees. Otherwise the far-famed Cedars 
of Lebanon from which Solomon se¬ 
cured the timbers for his temple at 
Jerusalem are no more’’ 

Climate Changing. 

Professor Day thinks that the cli¬ 
mate of Syria and the whole region 
of the Holy Land is changing. 

“Back from the anu- Lebanon 
range,” he said, "comes the deseru 
Here the population, of course, is now 
very scant. The wild Bedouin Arabs 
are a source of danger to those who 
live on the border of the desert, and 
that may he one reason for the ion- 
liness of the region- Bui there seems 
to be a traceable line beyond winch 
rainfall is insufficient ,to maintarn 
vegetaUoii in the present era. At one 
time however, this was not the esse. 
All along the region of this boundary 
of the rainfall are the ruins of anc.ent 

stone cities.” unis 

Syria itself and the Lebanon hills 
especially enjoys a fairly pleasant 4 
mate, according to the p ^ ofes ®? r L t 

••Summer temperatures do not otten 
exceed 85.” said he. “I wear Uie same 

clothes there as here. C n . 1 “°and 
tains of Lebanon the air is clear ana 
keen On the plain it is humid, in 
The cities it is not bad. Damascus 
streets are. many of them, nt 

and it is really very coo! and Peasant 
to stroll through the arcades of the 
Damascus bazar and observe the life 
and activity. 

Terrible Taxation. 

‘‘The Turkish Government of Syria 
as elsewhere discourages development 
by over-taxation. When an enterprise 
is starting the tax collectors swoop 
down and put such a burden upon it 
to crush the infant industry. There 
^ no lumber in the country-flooring 
of marble slabs being cheaper than 
the imported American tongue-and- 
groove boards. A sort of green oak 
fs imported from Asia Minor for fire¬ 
wood. This wood is cut while the 
£ee is small, and it is then allowed 
to grow up again. Charcoal is made 

from it In winter the buildings are 
not usually heated. A family will 
gather around a charcoal brazier, but 
that is all. Even in the college we 
do not heat all the rooms. The tem¬ 
perature in winter runs at about 40 
to 60. There is an interval of three 
weeks or so of beautiful clear sunny 
weather in mid-winter. Otherwise the 
winter is raw and damp. The country 
is fertile, but rocky. The soil is held 
on the hills by terraces and stone 
walls. There is little or no grass as 
in this country. The Jordan is a 

muddy stream and the Dead Sea is 
so salty one cannot sink above the 
chest. The source of the Jordan is 
in the fountains in the Lebanon 
Mountains, where clear cold water j 
bursts out of the rocks. These foun¬ 
tains are in turn fed by the melting 
snow glaciers at the summits.” 

A Virile People. 

The whole land has once been 
heavily forested. Professor Day thinks. 
Re-forestation has decreased the 
rainfall, and such rain as comes in 
the wet season runs off quickly and 
has largely denuded the hills of soil. 
Stones and sterility have resulted, 
and '-he population in the mountain- 
j ous parts ive meagrely on the goats, 
who in turn live on the scanty sub- 
stenance found amid the rocks. Id 
the plains oranges and grapes grov/ 
well and with dates may be had foi 
more than half the year. Wheat is 
also grown. The people are fairly 
virile and healthy. An Abbeynian 
youth at the college runs a mile in 
good time, while another student does 
100 yards 'in 10 7-5 seconds. Soccer 
football is the favorite game played 
at the mission college. 

Religious Fanatics. 

"Varying fanatical sects and relig¬ 
ions make it almost a despair to ex¬ 
pect that some day popular govern^ 
ment will be introduced,” said Profes¬ 
sor Day. “The Moslems will not co¬ 
operate with other seats as equals. A 
benevolent despotism would be the 
ideal form of government there.” 

Bombarded Beirut. 

Professor Day was in Beirut when 
j the Italian warships shelled the Turk¬ 
ish gunboats in the harbor, and inci¬ 
dentally destroyed part of the town 
and killed about sixty citizens. 

"They fired from out at the sea 
about three miles,” he relates. “They 
did not seem to be particular about the 
range, and most of their shells landed 
in the town. Finally the Turkish gun¬ 
boats were sunk, but by this time 
many of the terrified citizens had fled 
for the open country. Toughs broke 
into the arsenal and stole military 
rifles. They killed a number of people 
they suspected of being Italians. The 
Turkish soldiers • rounded them up, 
however, and by noon next day had 
all the rifles back and the town 

Professor Day has grown to prefer 
Syria to Illinois, and would be sorry 
were he not going back there. 

Qj\. , I 

Interesting Ceremony Performed 
This Afternoon in Con¬ 
vocation Hall. 


Chancellor Sir William Meredith 
Presides for the 


Many Ladies Give a Lively Inter¬ 
est to the Event—March 
Across Campus. 

The old University of Toronto gath¬ 
ered unto herself all her array of digni¬ 
taries. donned her solemn clothing and 
such small touches of color as she per¬ 
mits. herself, and bestowed upon seven 
distinguished scholars the degree of 
LL-D. this afternoon in Convocation 
Hall. A sunny day with just a film 
of haze over the trees in the park made 
a perfect setting for the tittle proces¬ 
sion of solemn men of learning that 
moved across the Campus into the cool 
shadow of the big stone-pillared build¬ 
ing and into Convocation. 

Presently from a dozen different di¬ 
rections across the campus came the 
ladies of the University circle—spots 
of bright color, pink parasols, white 
gowns, and moderately-worldly hats. 
They, too, were swallowed up by the 
doors of the hall. Limousines rolled 
up the drive, touring cars—and a press 
photographer set up his weather-worn, 
apparatus to record the scene upon his 

Within, the organ of Convocation 
Hall discoursed of words and feelings 
under the hands of a solemn organist 
Slow crescendoes, and dreamy diminu- 
endoes swelled and retreated over the ! 
heads of the audience, pushing out J 
all thoughts of the vulgar world beat¬ 
ing itself against the walls outside, 
preparing the mind for the ceremony 
of the University, the conferring of 
the degrees. 

The organ stopped and with a scuf- 
fling and creaking of doors the black- 
gowned procession entered. First the 
President, Dr. Falkner and Chancellor 
Sir William Meredith. Then the men 
about to receive the degree: Dr. R. 
Beck of Berlin, presented by Dean 
Fermow: Prof. C’liamberlain of the 
University of Chicago, by Professor 
Coleman: Dr. W. G. Miller, Geologist 
for the OnOtario Bureau of Mines, by 
Professor DeLury: Dr. Sederholm of 
Finland, by Pro|essor Walkej: Dr.. 
Strachan, Director of the British Geo¬ 
logical Survey, by President Falkner: ■ 
Dr. Termier of Paris, by Professor De¬ 
champs: and Dr. Tschermyschew. by 
Professor Parks. 

The simple but impressive ceremony 
was soon over. After prayers, the 
Dean Fernors rose with Dr. Beck, and 
In a short address in German present¬ 
ed his nominee. The latter then step¬ 
ped forward, and was received by the 
hand of the Chancellor. He then 
passed over to the Roll of Convoca¬ 
tion, and signed it. The others follow¬ 
ed the same course. The gathering 
afterward attended the garden party 
in the quadrangle. 

- . 


Sees Nothing Remarkable About Tra¬ 
veling a Long Distance 

The only lady delegate to the Geo¬ 
logical Congress from Germany is 
Fraulein Anna Maria Elisabeth R'ath- 
gen. Quite young—she is still in her 
student days at the University of 
Bonn am Rhein, in Germany— she is 
already a traveler of wide experience. 
She is paying her first visit to- this 
continent. Before reaching Toronto 
she made a trip through Nova Scotia 
and New Brunswick, and she is now 
about to start for the Rockies. She 
has visited practically every European 
country, and speaks the language of 
most of them fluently. English she 
speaks with remarkable ease and ac¬ 
curacy. She has also visited South 
Africa. So it will readily be seen what 
an intrepid traveler she is. For she 
came to this country unaccompanied 
by friends—"though I find it easy to 
make friends on a trip,” she told The 
Star. And small wonder, for she is 
as unaffected as she is capable. 

”1 was rather surprised,” she said 
tj The Star, in the course of a chat, 
“to meet so many people in this coun¬ 
try who seemed to think it odd that a 
girl should come all the way. from 
Germany by herself to attend a con¬ 
gress. I thought that in these days— 
and particularly on this continent— 
there would be considered nothing 
remarkable in that. I left Germany in 
last June, and am not returning there 
till next April.” 

Referring to her work at Bonn Uni¬ 
versity, Fraulein Rathgen said that 
she was a pupil of the noted geologist. 
Prof. Steinmann, and was engaged in 
museum work. 

“This is my first congress,” she 
added, “and I am naturally delighted 
with everything. But I fear that I 
have too much neglected the scientific 
for the social side of it. So much has 
been done for us in Toronto that J 
seem to have been literally swimming 
in amusement during the past week. 
What are my impressions of Toronto? 
Well, generally, that it is everything 
that is charming. But I never forget 
that, when one visits a place for so 
short a time, one can only obtain a 
very superficial idea of the place it¬ 
self—on an occasion such as this, 
when one is a guest and is treated 
with so much consideration, one sees, 
perhaps, only the best side. I should 
add that I am very fond of mountain¬ 
eering, and have done work in the 
mountains of Greece and Switzerland 
and France, as well as in those of my 
own land." 

_ M V 

Women at the Congress 


15 . 


Fair Visitors Delighted With the Way in Which They Have Been 
Entertained While in Toronto—Some Noted 
Lady Geologists. 

^Specially written for The Star. \ 

“There are many women at the con-. 
Stress, but. few of us are really work-! 
ing geologists. For instance, I come 
because my husband comes, and a very 
delightful time we have had here.” 

Thus spoke Madame Lacroix, the 
wife of the renowned scientist Lr- Al¬ 
fred Lacroix, professor of mineralo¬ 
gy in the French Natural History Mu¬ 
seum, and one of the most distin¬ 
guished of the French representatives 
i at the congress, to The Star- But 
some of Madame Lacroix's compatri- 
i ots at the congress say that her 
i natural modesty causes her to rate 
1 herself too humbly. They assert that 
her knowledge of geology is very far 
] from being the merely superficial 
' knowledge which the wife of so dis- 
i tinguished a scientist as Doctor La- 
! croix can hardly help acquiring, but 
that, on the contrary, she has for long 
I been of the greatest practical assis- 
! tanoe to her husband in his research- 
\ es- 

Speaks in French. 

Madarqe Lacroix speaks little' Eng- 
| lish. In the purest of Parisian French 
; she expressed to The Star her delight 
I in the congress and her gratitude for 
? the arrangements made for the com- 
| fort of the visitors. 

I “uur hosts have been too good," 
i she impulsively exclaimed, “and what 
I a magnificent city is your Toronto- 
I This is my first congress outside Par- 
’ is. and I am quite looking forward 
to attending another. I shall be deso¬ 
lated at leaving this fine city and all 
the kind friends we have made here.” 

Equally ardent in praise of Toronto 
and of the congress and all that 
appertains to it was charming Mad¬ 
emoiselle M. M- Termier, another ©f 
the French visitors, and daughter of 
M. Termier, director of the French 
Geological - Survey, who is a leading 
light at the congress. Mile. Termier 
like Madame Lacroix, disclaimed any 
right to be regarded as a geologist, al¬ 
though she told The Star that she 
took a very keen interest in the 

science- , , .. 

Lady McRobert is one of the ladies 
who are themselves practical geolo- 

1 gists.- She has earned considerable 
Scientific distinction at the London 
l College of Science. During the con- 
| Sress Lady McRobert, who is extreme- 
py pleasant and unassuming—the very 
reverse of the blue-stocking type—has 
become very popular with her fellow- 
l members. She is the second wife of 
Sir Alexander McRobert, who, though 
not himself a geologist, is yet a scien- 
j tist of high reputation, having adopted 
chemistry and experimental physics as 
| his branches. He is managing direc¬ 
tor of the Cawnpore Woolen Mills, and 
has ' a wide acquaintance with India. 
I Lady McRobert is an American by 
birth being a daughter of William 
Huhtfer Workman, of Worcester, Ma®- 
sachusetts, the famous explorer and 

One of the most notable of the wo¬ 
men figures is the little lady Doctor of 
Philosophy from Rotterdam—Alide 
Gutter-ink. „ Micro-chemistry is Dr. 
Gutterink S' special of study, the 
crystals obtained from minerals being 
Bte especial objects of her attention 
in their Connection 'with chemical work. 
Bhe is .a very •interesting personality, 
and one need not talk long with her to 
discover how wcylj-. -abreast of modern 
thought the ladies of the Netherlands 
must be if there are many of them like 
her. \ 

Two Lady Professors. 

Another of . the most distinguished 
of the. lady .visitors, is Miss^ Florence 
Bascom, professor .of geology at. Bryn 
Maw.r College. Both as author and aa 
professor she enjoys a very enviable 
position among the geologists of the 
United States. Equally distinguished 
is Miss C. A. Raisin, of Bedford Col¬ 
lege, London. Miss Raisin represents 
the famous London Linnean Society, 
which, it was interesting to learti, pos¬ 
sesses the manuscripts of many ‘ of 
Linnaeus’- publications. 

Not a little of the smoothness with 
which the arrangements for the com¬ 
fort'of the visiting ladies have worked, 
has been due, as many of them told 
The Star, to the thoughtfulness and 
tact of Madame Hoffmann, the grace¬ 
ful and winning little lady who re¬ 
ceives them in the main building up¬ 
stairs. She speaks something like 
eight languages, so that wherever a 
new-comer niay hail from, she at 
once feels at home with Madame. 

Prof. Parks Outlines for The 
Star the Work It 


Fourteen Thousand Pages Were 
Printed for the Congress 
Guide Books Alone. 


Visitors Were of a Class Whose 
Knowledge of Canada Will 
Benefit Dominion. 

At noon to-day . one of the greatest 
conventions ever held in Canada, and 
in some ways, the most important 
held anywhere in the world this year, 
jeame to an official end. The Twelfth 
Geological Congress goes down in 
scientific history. 

The conferring of degrees at Con¬ 
vocation Hall this afternoon and the 
official farewell garden party are the 
last courtesies Toronto can show one 
of the most, distinguished, erudite, and 
urbane gatherings that ever entered 
he;- gates. Four years hence the. next 
congress meets in Belgium. After 
that Thibet or Peru or Afghanistan, 
for all anyone can tell now. 

Congress Cost a Million. 

This congress has cost, not $75,000. 

t s was glibly estimated at one time, 
ut close to a million dollars. Seven- thousand dollars might cover 
the actual outlay of cash by the Can¬ 
adian committee, but in addition to 
this there was the printing of 14,000 
pages of geological guide-books to 
Canada, paid for by the Dominion and 
Provincial Governments; the printing 
of the huge monograph on the Coal 
Resources of the World, a work so 
great that it could only be undertak¬ 
en under a guarantee by the Ottawa 
Government; the time of the expen¬ 
sive scientific men devoted to prepar¬ 
ing such work; the two years devoted 
by the Geological Survey at Ottawa, 
and the Ontario Bureau of Mines in 
collecting the data for the guide¬ 
books—not mere Baedeker, but ven¬ 
dible handbooks of geology along 12,- 
000 miles of Canadian railways, to 
say nothing of the cost of the long 
and expensive excursions and the cost 
of board and lodging and incidentals 
for the visitors. , 

Dr. Parks’ Summarizes Work. 

“The meetings,” said Dr. W. C. 
F K.S of the University this morning, 
*^Have been a great success—of course. 
JChe total registration was over 900— 
cIocl to 1,000, and the total attendance 
fcei . was 450. 

“The congress served, scientifically 
speaking, three distinct ends. The 
first, and most important, of these 
was the series of excursions. Some¬ 
thing like thirty-three were arranged 
eo as to exhibit the geology of prac¬ 
tically all of Canada that is readily 
accessible by rail. The guide books 
printed specially for these excursions 
total about 14,000 pages, and include 
hundreds of maps. We have been 
-working for three years on them—the 
committee, the Bureau of Mines for 
Ontario, and the Geological Survey of 
the Dominion. These guide books 
are practically a text book, up-to-the- 
minute, of the geology of Canada. 
From a commercial side, these ex¬ 
cursions must benefit the mining in¬ 
dustry of Canada, and the other in¬ 
dustries as well. They offered a splen¬ 
did exhibition of Canada’s national re¬ 
sources of all kinds. The type of men 
at. this congress are such as to profit 
by what they have thus been shown, 
and are men who can disseminate the 
information about Canada very widely. 
Standardizing Geological Terms. 

“In the second place come the scien¬ 
tific meetings and discussions. In that 
connection there were a number of 
standing committees whch have been 
appointed to report on certain sub¬ 
jects of international scientific im¬ 
portance, such as the correlation of 
the resailts of the different geological 
surveys held by the different Govern¬ 
ments of the world. Part of the. work 
of such committees is to standardize 
the nomenclature and the methods of 
observation and description employed 
by geologists in different countries. 

In the third place, the congress un¬ 
dertakes each time some one big piece 
of work. This year it was the mono¬ 
graph on the coal resources of the 
world, published in three large quarto 
vo'umes with a map. This publica¬ 
tion was guaranteed against loss by 
the Dominion Government. 



Garden Party This Afternoon and Spe¬ 
cial Convocation at University to 
Confer Degrees. 

The twelfth session of the Interna¬ 
tional Geological Congress is over. If 
you have any suggestions or reports to 
make you will have to take it to Bel¬ 
gium in 1917. The council which has 
guided this congress to success arose 
this morning a disbanded body. The 
two delegates from Belgium are now 
the big men for the remainder of the 

Nearly every steamship line that is 
or ever was has an agent or some 
literature up at the University this 
morning, explaining the best method 
for the delegates to return home, 
i “There is just one way to get home in 
{ comfort," they seem to say, “and that 
is by the line I represent.” 

There is one man in this city who at 
last can enter into the feeling of the 
late J. P. Morgan. This man is the 
photographer who made the large 
group photo of the delegates yester¬ 
day- He has opened a temporary office 
on the University steps, and he has the 
delegates around him like a swarm of 
■bees — all desiring one or more prints 
mailed to his home. This is a cash in 
advance deal, and from the appearance 
of the business about noon the photo¬ 
grapher will have to sit up all night 
to count his money. 


Some final business was cleared up 
this morning and at the conclusion 
Mr. G. O. Smith, director of the 
United States Geological Survey, read 
a motion of thanks. It was addressed 
to the Duke of Connaught, the citizens 
of Toronto and Canada, the Provincial 
Governments and the Dominion body, 
the Governors and directors of the 
University, and to President Adams 
and Secretary Brock. 

The motion was composed of flow¬ 
ery language and loud applause 
thundered through the theatre at its 

It ts a strange thing that, although 
these people all have so many differ¬ 
ent ways of doing things, they all 
clap their hands and cheer in exact 


The council adopted a resolution of 
Dr. Sagerholm, Denmark, which will 
be a request for all governments to 
i take an active interest in the study 
of the Pre-Cambrian or the oldest 
rocks on the earth. Much valuable 
work has been done by the Govern¬ 
ments of Canada and the United 
States, but it is desired to spread the 
work out to all continents. 

The Governors of the University 
bestowed honorary degrees upon seven 
of the visitors. Those on the list for 
these honors are:—Aubrey Strachan, 

, Wales; P. M. Termier v France; Thos 
! Chrowder, Chicago; Richard Beck, 
i Germany; J. J. Sederholm, Finland; 

| Theodosius Tshernyschew', Russia; 
Willot G. Millar, Toronto. At the close 
of this special convocation the Gov¬ 
ernors will tender the delegates a 
garden party. The numbers will be 
diminished, however, for many left 
for distant points on the early after¬ 
noon trains. 

78 • Wcv Up icj \ i . 




Visitors to Geological Congress Enter¬ 
tained at Armories and by German 
Consul—Concludes To-day. 

Five hundred of the world's leading 
geologists, who with the Ministers of 
Mines from two provinces and other 
distinguished Canadians, were present, 
at the banquet in the Armories last 
night, made up an assembly unique 
in the history of Toronto. Over a 
score of speeches were made and as 
each speaker was allowed to use what 
language he pleased, more than the 
King’s English was used. Dr. Frank 
D. Adams, the president, of the Con¬ 
gress, who presided, welcomed the 
visiting delegates in English, French 
and German. 

“You have come,” said he, ‘‘to a 
very paradise of geologists. Wealth 
and materials embrace us on every 
side. Our nickel mines are among 
the finest in the world, and the coal 
monograph shows that our mineral 
deposits are among the richest in the 
world. In the great unknown north, 
you will see a country in the making. 
Our only hope is that the foundations 
in this land into which immigrants 
are pouring from every country in 
Europe, will be well and truly laid 
and that you will carry back to your 
countries our good wishes for them.” 


Replying to the toast of the Gover¬ 
nor-General, Hon. Louis Coderre, the 

In keeping with the German custom 
there was very little speech-making af¬ 
ter the repast, but the speakers, refer¬ 
ring to the pleasure it gave’ them to 
meet their scientific brethren under the 
British flag, emphasized the cordial re¬ 
lations existing between Great Britain 
and Germany to-day. The German‘con¬ 
sul briefly bade his company welcome, 
and expressed the hope that they would 
return again to this country. Profess¬ 
or Steinmann, replying for the German 
geologists assured all present that their 
visit to Canada would indeed be a me¬ 
morable one in the lives of all the dele¬ 
gates. Just before rising, Mr. Emil 
Nerlich. President of the Deutscher 
Verein, expressed his happiness at hav¬ 
ing such a distinguished company dine 
at his club. 

The delegates included two ladies- 
Fraulein Rathgen. who recently made 
a tour of exploration in Egypt, and Mrs. 
Freeh, who was present with her hus¬ 
band, Professor Freeh, of Breslau. 


An interesting debate followed the 
reading of the papers on “The Sub¬ 
division, Co-relation and Terminology 
of the Pre-Cambrian Period” at the 
session of the Congress yesterday 
afternoon. The discussion was mainly 
as to the ‘names to be applied to the 
various divisions of Pre-Cambrian 
rocks in North America; and opin- 
ions as to the use of the term Lauren- 
tian in describing some of these differ¬ 
ed widely. 

Dr. Coleman, of Toronto, pointed 
out that the name Laurentian might 
well be retained for the granites in- 

Monograph Will Deal With the 
Resources of the World, at 

Secretary of State, voiced the feeling traded throughout the Sudbury series 

of gratification that one so closely 
connected with the Crown had come 
to represent His Majesty in the Do¬ 
minion. Tribute was also paid not 
only to His Excellency’s interest in 
every part of the country, but also 
to the keen interest he took In science, 
and the visit of the Geological Con¬ 
gress to Canada. Gratification was 
expressed at the recovery of the 
Duchess from her recent serious ill- 
| ness. 

I Hon. Chas Devlin, Minister of Mines 
of Quebec, spoke in French for his 
province, and Hon. W. H. Hearst re¬ 
sponded on behalf of the Lieut.- 
Governor of Ontario. 

“In this province,” he said, "nature 
has hidden some of her greatest trea¬ 
sures. No place in the world holds 
greater rewards for the faithful seek¬ 
er aftdr truth.” 


“We welcome you to Canada not 
only as teachers of . geology,” said G. 
G. S. Lindsay, K.C., in proposing the 
toast of the visiting delegates, “but 
as preachers of the gospel of peace. 

1 “These meetings and their like are 
-what make for universal peace, and 
for that reason we hope that you will 
| come again some day. For the gospel 
of peace is the greatest of all gospels.” 

The toast was responded to by Dr. 
Steinmann, of Germany, Dr. Tietze of 
Austria, Dr. Termier of France, Dr. 
Strachan of Great Britain, Prof. Renier 
of Belgium, Mr. Fermor of India, and 
others. The visitors were given per-, 
mission to speak in their own tongues, 
and four or five languages were used 
by them in their replies. 


If they had not previously felt at 
home, the thirty German delegates to 
the Geological Congress did yester¬ 
day, when with upwards of twenty of 
the German citizens of Toronto they 
were the guests of the German Con¬ 
sul. Mr. J. Henry Peters, at dinner 
in the German Club on Isabella street. 
The menu provided was in true Ger¬ 
man style and included many little 
dainties which only a German chef 
can prepare. 

but clearly older than the Huronian. 

Those reading papers were, Dr. 
Strachan, of the Geological Survey of 
Great Britain: Prof. Andrew Lawson, 
of the University of California: Sir T. 
H. Holland, of Manchester, England; 
and Prof. Coleman, of Toronto. 

The discussion was participated in 
Dr. Sederholm of Finland; Dr. 

When the Thirteenth Internation¬ 
al Geological Congress meets in Bel¬ 
gium four years hence, the mono¬ 
graph to be presented will deal with 
the agricultural resources of the 
world, following the decision of the 
Council. Other topics for discussion 
will include the nitrate, phosphate 
and soda deposits, and.- the copper 
and petroleum resources of the world. 

Owing to the discovery of vast and 
■ important agricultural areas in Cana- 
i da, Australia and South Africa with¬ 
in the last ten years, the hope is ex¬ 
pressed that with a complete com¬ 
pilation of resourcesss by 1917, new 
districts may be added to those al¬ 
ready known, from which the world 
may be supplied with grain. 

Many of the foreign delegates have 
complimented 1 > Canadian commit¬ 

tees on their organization, and the 
Belgium geologists are even now 
making preparations for the next 
great congress in Brussels. 

by — mm — _ 

Barlow, McGill University; Sir T. H. 
Golland of the Asiatic Society of Ben¬ 
gal; Prof. G. A. J. Cole; Dr. Horne, 
Scotland, and Mr. L Fermor of the 
Government of India. Dr. A. Strachan 
of the Geological Survey of Great 
Britain was chairman. It was an en¬ 
joyable afternoon, and the various 
speakers met with hearty applause as 
they drove home their arguments. 

A general meeting at 10 o’clock this 
morning will bring the congress to a 
close, and the. conferring of honorary 
degrees by the University this after¬ 
noon ‘ will be followed by a garden 
party given to the delegates _ by the 
Board of Governors of the University. 


The big excursion for the -west which 
leaves to-night under the guidance of 
Dr. Adams J. B. Tyrrell and J. Mc- 
Leish, will take. 115 of the delegates 
and large parties will go to Cobalt and 
other places of interest to students ot 

G. G. S. Lindsay, K. C„ who was the 
Editor of the Monograph of “The Coal 
Resources of the World,” is chairman 
of the Transportation Committee 
which has made all the arangements 
for the different excursions. 

-5 " 10^1 


Brilliant and Impressive Scenes 
at Convocation Hall 


Closing Day of Geologists’ Congress 
Was fine of Many Functions — 
Ail International Committee Was 

The garden party given by the 
Board of Governors of the University 
of Toronto yesterday after the inter¬ 
esting function of conferring of de¬ 
grees in honor of the Geological Con¬ 
gress was the last gathering given to 
meet those very charming and inter¬ 
esting delegates. The President and 
the Chancellor, in full robes of of¬ 
fice. received the hundreds of" guests 
as they poured into the quadrangle. 
The music of the band added greatly 
to the pleasure of the afternoon, and 
many were the greeting “goo-d-byes” 
and “au revoirs” said as a large num¬ 
ber of the delegates left last night 
and this morning. many gentlemen 
and ladies being in travelling dress. 
Refreshments were served in a big 
marquee. A few present to meet the 
distinguished guests were; Hon. J. 
K. Kerr and Mrs. Kerr, the Hon. 
the Attorney-General, Mr. and Mrs. 
J. W. Langmuir, Mr. and Mrs. Gra¬ 
ham Crawford, Mr. and Mrs. David 
Dunlap. Mr. D. R. Wilkie, Mr. and 
Mrs. Trees, Miss Nairn. Mrs. 'Heaven, 
Dr. and Mrs. J. A. Macdonald. Mr. 
and Mrs. Morang, Mrs. Mink, Mr. F. 
Arnold!. K.C., Miss Arnoldi, Mr. and 
-Mrs. W. D. Gwynne, Colonel and 
Mrs. Sweny, the Miss .Vlasten, Rev. 

Mr. and Mrs. Brydges 
(X.Y.), Mr. and Mrs. F. Glaek- 
meyer, Mr. and Miss Godwin, Miss 
Culpepper (Virginia), Dr. and Mrs. 
Eaton, .Mrs. Scott, Miss Phillips, Miss 
MacMurchy, Miss MacCallum, Miss 
Porte, Miss Helen Merrill, Mr. and 
Mrs. Murray Clark, Mrs. and Miss 
Tyrrell, Mrs. Parks. Miss M . Mc¬ 
Lennan, Mr. and Mrs. Nerlich, Mr. 
and Mrs. Gerhard ■ Heintzman, Miss 
Gwen Cayley, Miss Addison, Mr. and 
Mrs. J. Falconbridge, Dr. and Mrs. 
Vogt, and others. 

It was a perfect valedictory-—the 
last day of the International Geologi- j 
cal Congress. A momentous resolu-j 
tion was introduced at the meeting! 
of the Council in the morning, the\ 
University of Toronto conferred the ! 
degree of LL.D. upon six of the geo- [ 
logists, and the garden party, which 
terminated the day, was a joyous 
sweet, tinged with regret that so soon 
they were to part. 

At the meeting of the Council held 
in the morning the General Secre¬ 
tary, Mr. R. W. Brock, introduced a 
resolution to the following effect: — 
“That a small international commit¬ 
tee, consisting of not more than eight 
persons who have had actual ex¬ 
perience on the Executive Committees 
of the various session of the Congress, 
be appointed to consider the question 
of a permanent constitution and by¬ 
laws, and to submit, if possible, a pro¬ 
posal thereon at the next session of 
the Congress.” 

This motion, which was carried, 
was mooted on account of the fact 
that the International Geological Con¬ 
gress, since its inception in 1878, has 
no permanent constitution and no 
permanent rules to guide it, and mem¬ 
bers join only for the session which 
they attend. Dr. Sederholm of Fin¬ 
land made a notable suggestion to the 
effect that the Geological Surveys of 
the different countries be asked to 
confer together notably with regard 
to the correlation of pre-Cambrian. 
An opportunity for geologists to spend 
some time in each other’s fields was 
also recommended. Congratulatory 
messages were sent to Prof. G. Capel- 
line of the Bologna University, and 
Edward Suess, F.R.S., two of the 
world’s most famous geologists. 

Scene at Convocation Hall. 

The platform of Convocation Hall 
presented a brilliant spectacle during 
the conferring of the degree of LL.D. 
upon the various recipients. The 
hoods and gowns of the Chancellor, 
the President, and the various cele¬ 
brities present made a charming pic¬ 
ture, while the beautiful colors in the 
ladies’ dresses combined to form a 
kaleidoscope of scintillating effects. 
Chancellor Sir William Meredith pre¬ 
sided. and the first to be introduced 
was Dr. R. Beck of Frieburg, Ger¬ 
many, who was presented by Prof. T. 
L. Walker of Toronto. The recipient 
was one who had done great things 
in geology, his book on “Ore Deposits” 
being considered one of the leading 

German Tribute to Canada. Scotch imtsic on the terrace during the 

~ 0 , ", .. T . • , afternoon. A large marquee on the' 

. '• ' n thanking the I nn erslty north side of the lawn accommodated 

ot Toronto for the honor, said: 'We the tea-tables, which were gay with 
German geologists are very proud and scarlet gladioli. The members of the 
happy that one ol us should have been congress and their confreres in town 
honored in this way. Manyfold are had become so friendly that they were 
the relations between the Canadian i 0 th to say good-by, but many of them 
geologists and their German col- left for Vancouver, Montreal and var- 
leagues. rhey began years ago when ious places last night, and many were 
Herman Credner, my highly honored the appointments made to meet in Lon- 
and I regret to say recently deceased don at no very distant date. A few of 
teacher, travelled in the region of the those present were: Dr. and Mrs. 
great lakes. He received great en- Prank Adams, Montreal: Mrs. Kerr, 
couragement and impetus from Logan Mr. and Mrs. David Dunlap, Mr. and 
and Dawson to undertake a critical Mrs. Carlton, London: Mr, and Mrs. 
investigation of the, at that time, lit- Graham Campbell, Dr. and Mrs. Ham, 
tie known Arehean of Germany. More Dr. and Mrs. Vogt, Miss Garrett, Miss 
recently we have been especially in- McLellan, Stratford; Mrs. Sweeny, I 
debted to the Canadian geologists for Mrs. Thorburn, Mrs. and Miss Cross, 
their highly fruitful contributions in Rev. Ralph Bridges ana Mrs. Bridges, 
the held of economic' geology. I Tv'evy York; Miss Helen Merrill, Miss 
have particularly in mind men whose Brodigan, Mr. and Mrs. Tyndall, Dr. 
names are associated with the inves- and Mrs. Strahan, London; Miss Mar- 
tigations of Sudbury and Cobalt and jorie McMurchy, Mr. and Mrs. Ger- 
of so many other districts. It is in hard Heintzman, Mrs. Willie Gwynne, 
this special field of geology that my Mbnsieur de Camps, Dr. and Mrs. 
own school, the Mining Academy of Adams, Mr. and Mrs. Murray Clark, 

Freiberg, has taken such a leadins 
part for the past one hundred and 
fifty years. I feel that, as its repre- 

Mrs. Macklem, Hon. J. J. Foy, Mr. and 
Mrs. Bedford McNeil, Df. and Mrs. 
Powell. Mr. Frank Arnoldi, Miss Fair, 

sentative, this high honor has been McColl. Mr. and Mrs. Matthews, New 
conferred on me. T desire to express Brunswick; Dr. and Mrs. Harley Smith, 
my heartiest thanks and keen appre- I Mr. and Mrs. Bascom, Prof. Keys, Mrs. 
elation, and I hope that in the future Halm, Dr. Corelli, Miss Addison, Mrs. 
the German universities and the Uni- Arthur Pepiar, Mr. and Mrs. Roche, 
versity of Toronto will continue in Mrs. Pierson, New Haven; Mr. and Mrs. 
the co-operation for the advancement Freck, Germany; Mr. Kennedy, Miss 
of science.” Nairn, Dr. and Mrs. J. A. Macdonald, 

Mr. Colliding, Hon. W. H. Hearst, Prof. 

Other New “Doctors.,’ 

Raultke, Mrs. Morse, Dr. Zuber, Dr. 

Prof. A. P. Coleman next presented Laing, Dr. Stolling. Prof, and Mrs. 
Dr. T. C. Chamberlin of the United Riener. Dr. Beck, Dr. and Mrs. Parks, 
States, who declared “T shall esteem it Mr. and Mrs. Derward, London; Mrs. 
as the highest honor I have.” Prof, and Miss Heaven, Mr. Geo. Lindsay, 
De Lurv presented Mr. W. G. Miller, Mr. Zaber Poland. Mr. John King, Mile, 
the Provincial Geologist, whose “skill Tern Mr, M. Ternier. Dr. Riedel, Miss 
sagacity and finesse have made the Coleman, Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Leckie. 
department famous.” Dean Fernow Mr. T. If. Plummer, Mr. John Ash- 
presented Mr. J.ij. Sederholm of Fin- worth, Mr, D. R. Wilkie, Mr. and Mrs. 
land, “the profoundest student and in- (Giaclcmeyer. M. Hoffman, Mr. and Mrs. 
terpreter of pre-Cambrian; where J’- I>. Tyrrell, 
others have guessed, he has demon- 
strated.” Dr. Sederholm in returning 
thanks said that he had been taught 
much by his colleagues in Canada and 
he was glad to he a Doctor of Laws 
in the country of Canada which he 
had learned to love. It was a coun¬ 
try which had shown much kindness 
to the Finnish people who have made 
it their fatherland. 

President Falconer next presented 
Dr. A. Strahan in a lightly humorous 
vein, and the new Doctor returned his 
thanks for the pleasant .message 
which he had to deliver to the Geo¬ 
logical Society of London on his re> 

pierre ^ermie^of'France,'tndw. a! Honor Conferred by Univer- 

Parks presented Dr. T. Tschernyschew 
of Russia. 

The assemblage moved across the 
south campus to the quadrangle where 
a garden party was given. Chancel¬ 
lor Sir William Meredith and Presi¬ 
dent Falconer received the guests as 
they entered, and for nearly two hours 

the lawn was a blaze of colors as the __ 

brilliant hoods df the men mingled 

with and moved among the none the f andflinil in flip ffrOllH 

less brilliant dresses of the ladies. Re- U116 LcLlUHllilU 111 1110 

fresliments were served in two large 
marquees and music was rendered by 
the 12th York Band. It was a time 
of bidding “good-bye” and “bon voy¬ 
age” and “until we meet again." 



sity of Toronto on 
Visiting Scientists. 


Presented at the Special 

After the ceremony of conferring de¬ 
grees in Convocation Hall yesterday 
afternoon, at the university, the Chan¬ 
cellor, Sir William Meredith and the 
president, Dr. Falconer, with the mace 
carried in front of them, headed the. 
procession to the quadrangle, where 
they received the guests invited to a 
garden party in honor of the Interna¬ 
tional Geological Congress, by tho 
board of governors of the University 
of Toronto. The band of the 12th York 
Rangers played the most delightful 

Seven of the famous geologists, 
whose names are household words, at 
least in families interested in the 
study of the earth’s Interior, received 
the honorary degree of doctor of laws 
of the University of Toronto at a 
special Convocation held yesterday 
afternoon. There was an imposing 
gathering in the Convocation Hall, 
when the members of the faculty 
united in doing honor to the men 
who have devoted their lives to the 
study of the history and composition 
of the world on which the members 
of humanity live out their puny ex¬ 

The first of the geologists to he 
presented to the Chancellor, Sir Wil¬ 
liam Meredith, was Dr. Richard Beck 
of Frieburg, Germany. He was in¬ 
troduced by Professor Walker, and 
addressed the gathering in his native 
tongue. Dr. Pierre Termier of the 
Geological Society of France was 
presented by Prof. De Champ, and 
Prof. Th, Tschernyschew of St. Peters¬ 
burg received his presentation from 
Prof. Parks. 

Warm wards of praise for the work 
done 'by the University of Toronto 
were spoken by Prof. T. C. Chamber- 
lain, of the University of Chicago, who 
was proposed by Prof. Coleman. He 
said that Canada’s chief university, 
like all other institutions of learning, 
had to be judged from its fruits, and 
its faculty had moulded so many men 
of thought, purpose and lofty ideals 
among his acquaintances that he 
felt especially proud to receive the 
degree conferred upon him. 

Dr. J. J. Sederholm of Finland was 
presented 'by Dean Fernow, who des¬ 
cribed the geologist from northern 
Europe as a man who had earned 
fame by the brilliant proofs advanced 
by him regarding points at which 
other geologists had only been able 
to guess. Dr. Sederholm told of the 
inspiration which he had .received 
from Canada. He found that the 
country was not only possessed of 
great natural beauty and splendid po¬ 
litical liberty, but it was also the 
home of growing culture. His own 
country was known as the “Little 
Canada of Europe,” because it had 
verv much the same geological for¬ 
mation as the Dominion. Dr. Seder¬ 
holm offered thanks to all Canadians 
for the kindness shown by them to 
the sons of Finland who had left the 
Fatherland to make their home In an 
adopted country. 

Among those who received degrees 
was one Canadian, Dr. W. G. Miller, 
the Provincial geologist. He was pre¬ 
sented by Prof. De Lury, who was a 
class-mate of Dr. Miller in his stu- J 
dent davs at the University of To¬ 
ronto. President Falconer presented 
Dr. Aubrey Strahan, of England, one 
of the best known geologists of the 
Mother Co’untry, being president of 
the Geological Society of London and 
the Geological Survey of England and 

The Congress Closes. 

The International Geological Con¬ 
gress concluded its labors yesterday. 
The members assembled at 10 o’clock 
in genera] meeting, and, after the 
transaction of some final business, Mr. 
G. O. Smith, director of the United 
States Geological Survey, read a mo¬ 
tion of thanks addressed to the Duke 
of Connaught, the citizens of Toronto 
and Canada, the Provincial Govern¬ 
ments and the Dominion body, the 
governors and directors of the uni¬ 
versity, and to President Adams and 
Secretary Brock, which was received 
with loud applause. Dr. Sagerholm, a 
Danish representative, proposed a re¬ 
solution that all Governments be re¬ 
quested to take an active interest in 
the study of the pre-Cambrian, the 
oldest rocks on earth. While admit¬ 
ting that much valuable work had 
been done by the Governments of 
Canada and the United States, the re¬ 
solution aimed at spreading the work 
over all continents. The resolution was 

Half-past 4 was the hour set for 
Ithe garden party given by the gover¬ 
nors of the University of Toronto in 
honor of the members of the cop- 
gress, but it was close upon 5 o'clock 
when Sir William Meredith, Chancel¬ 
lor of the university, arrived In the 
quadrangle, arrayed In his official 
robes, and preceded by the mace. He 
was quie.kly followed by the brilliant 
company that had attended convoca¬ 
tion, a large proportion of whom were 
ladies. Numbers of the members ha® 
already left the city by the afternoon 
trains, but, despite these defections, 
close on 700 ladies and gentlemen 
came in answer to the governors’ In¬ 
vitation. There was no formal recep- 

* 1„? 8 

tioffiT the occasion being taken more 
as an opportunity for the bidding of 
farewells and for the congratulation 

of the recipients of degrees, who 
showed their appreciation of the 
honor done them by wearing their 
new gowns and hoods. These gentle¬ 
men formed the subject of two excel¬ 
lent photographic groups taken on 
the ground. Music was provided by 
the band of the 12th York Rangers, 
which at intervals played appropriate 
selections, including many of the na¬ 
tional airs of the fatherlands of the 
numerous visitors. In the intervals of 
conversation light refreshments were 

Among the distinguished guests 
present were noticed: Sir William 
Meredith, Chancellor of Toronto Uni¬ 
versity; Prof. R. A. Falconer, presi¬ 
dent of the University of Toronto; 
Prof. Willet G. Miller, geologist for 
the Province of Ontario: Prof. A. P. 
Coleman. University of Toronto; Prof. 
W. A. Parks, department of geology, 
University of Toronto; Mayor Hocken 
and Mrs. Hocken. 



University Garden Party 

At the close of the ceremony of con 
ferring degrees in Convocation Hall 
yesterday afternoon the chancellor, Sir 
William Meredith, and the president, 
Dr. Falconer, with the mace carried in 
front of them, led the way to the uni¬ 
versity quadrangle, where they re¬ 
ceived their guests, whom they had in¬ 
vited to the garden party held in honor 
of the Geological Congress. During the 
afternoon delightful music was played 
by the band of the 12th York Rangers, 
stationed on the terrace. A tinge of 
sadness was added to the pleasure by 
the necessary good-byes, for many of 
the delegates were leaving in the 
morning, and will take with them 
happy memories of kind friends in To¬ 
ronto. Tea was dispensed from tables, 
decked with gay scarlet gladdolas, in a 
large marquee on the north side of the 
lawn. A few of those present were: 
Dr. and Mrs. Frank Adams, Montreal; 
Mrs. Kerr, Mr. and Mrs. David Dunlap, 
Mr. and Mrs. Carlton, London; Mr. and 
Mrs. Graham Campbell, Dr. and Mrs. 
Ham. Dr. and Mrs. Vogt, Miss Garrett, 
Miss McLellan, Stratford; Mrs. 
Sweeney, Mrs. Thorburn, Mrs. and Miss 
Cross, Rev. Ralph Bridges and Mrs. 
Bridges, New York; Miss Helen Mer¬ 
rill, Miss Brodigan, Mr. and Mrs. Tyn¬ 
dall. Dr. and Mrs. Strahan, London; 
Miss Marjorie McMurchy, Mr. and Mrs. 
Gerhard Heintzman, Mrs. Willie 
Gwynne, Monsieur de Camps, Dr. and 
Mrs. Adams, Mr. and Mrs. Murray 
Clark, Mrs. Macklem, Hon. J. J. Foy, 
Mr. and Mrs. Bedford McNeil, Dr. and 
Mrs Powell, Hon. K. Kerr and Mrs. 
Kerr, the Hon. the Attorney-General. 
Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Langmuir, Mr. and 
Mrs. Graham Crawford, Mr. Frank Ar¬ 
noldi, Miss Fair, MeColl, Mr. and Mrs. 
Matthews, New Brunswick; Dr. and 
Mrs. Harley Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Bas- 
ccm. Prof. Keys, Mrs. Arthur Pepiar, 
Mr. and Mrs. Roche, Mrs. Pierson, 
New Haven; Mr. and Mrs. Freck, Ger¬ 
many; Mr. Kennedy, Miss Nairn, Dr. 
and Mrs. J. A. Macdonald. Mr. Gould- 
ing, Hon. W. H. Hearst, Prof. Ranltke. 
Mrs. Morse. Dr. Zuber, Dr. Laing, Dr. 
Stolling, Professor and Mrs. Riener, 
Dr. Beck, Dr. and Mrs. Parks, Mr. and 
Mrs. Derward, London; Mrs. and Miss 
Heaven, Mr. George Lindsay, Mr. 
Zaber. Poland; Mr. John- King. Mile. 
Ternier. M. Ternier. Dr. Riedel. Miss 
Coleman, Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Leckie, 
Mr. T. H. Plummer. Mr. John Ash¬ 
worth, Mr. D. R. Wilkie, Mr. and Mrs. 
Olackmeyer. M. Hoffman. Mr. and Mrs. 
J. D. Tyrrell, and msnv others. 


\Uaatv 0Wj- f5- 

! I! 

Wtf l • 



Ctu^- IS-1^13 

Most of the Visitors Are Now 
Speeding on Their Way to 
Pacific Coast 


Carried Away Many Friendships 
and Much of Ontario’s 

With the conferring of honorary 
LL.D. degrees at Convocation Hall 
yesterday afternoon and the pleasant 
garden party that followed, Toronto 
hade an official au revoir to the vis¬ 
iting geologists, most of whom left 
llast night for Winnipeg and the Paci- 
fic Coast. 

During the day the indefatigable 
secretary of the Congress, Mr. W. 
Stanley Lecky, could be seen in the 
tonneaus of automobiles, speeding 
parting guests to the station, giving 
final directions and rushing back to 
see what more could be done for the 
comfort of the visitors. Well provid¬ 
ed with knapsacks, kit-bags and sticks 
that looked suspiciously like alpen¬ 
stocks, geologists were standing in 
little groups waiting for the signal 
for the departure, and when the end 
came at the Union Station, there were 
many vigorous hand-shakes, much dof¬ 
fing of hats and, it is whispered, 
touching farewells with Toronto’s fair 
sex. Since the coming of the Congress 
it has been generally agreed that 
geologists are less engrossed in rocks 
and fossils alone than was popularly 

Took Many Specimens. 

If the geologists carried away many 
friendships, they did more. They 
carried away a considerable portion 
of Ontario’s crust and packed the 
specimens of rock freely collected 
during the excursions as carefully as 
though they had been gems of the 
first water. 

In fact, Dr. Sederholm of Finland, 
remarked that the geologists had ob¬ 
tained a far better knowledge of pre¬ 
historic geology since their visit to 
Canada than ever before. 

Following is the list of visiting 
geologists who were made LL. D.'s at 
Convocation, with their sponsors : Dr. 
R Beck, of Frieburg, Germany, pre¬ 
sented by Prof. T. L. Walker, of To¬ 
ronto; Dr. T. C. Chamberlin, of the 
United States, by Prof. A. P. Cole¬ 
man; Mr. W. G. Miller, Provincial 
Geologist, by Prof. De Lury; Dr. J. 
J Sederholm, of Finland, by Dean 
Fernow; Dr. A. Strahan, of London. 
England, by President Falconer; M 
Termier, of France, by Prof. De 
Champ, and Dr. T. Tschernyschef ot 
Russia, by Dr. W. A- Parks. The 
Chancellor of the University, Sir 
I William Meredith, presided, and con¬ 
ferred the degrees. 

University Garden 

The last gathering to meet the very 
interesting and charming geological 
delegates who have been among us 
for the past week, was the garden 
party given by the Board of Gov¬ 
ernors of the University of Toronto 
yesterday afternoon in the Quad¬ 

Sir William Meredith and the presi¬ 
dent, Dr. Falconer, with the mace 
carried in front of them, headed the 
procession to the quadrangle, where 
they received the guests. The band 
of the 12th York Rangers played the 
most delightful Scotch music on the 
terrace during the afternoon. A large 
marquee on the. north side of the 
lawn accommodated the tea tables, 
which were gay with scarlet gladioli. 
The members of the congress and their 
confreres in town had become so 
friendly that they were loth to say 
good-bye, but many of them left for 
Vancouver, Montreal and various 
places last night. 

Among those present were ; Mrs. 
Macklem, Hon. J. J. Foy, Mr. and Mrs. 
Bedford McNeil, Dr. and Mrs. Powell, 
Mr. Frank Arnoldi, Miss Fair McColl, 
Mr. and Mrs. Matthews, New Bruns¬ 
wick; Dr. and Mrs. Harley Smith, Mr. 
and Mrs. Base im, Prof. Keys, Mrs. 
Palm, Dr. Corelli, Miss Allison, Mr. 
and Mrs. Derwood, 'London; Mrs. and 
Miss Heaven, Mr. George Lindsay, 
Mr. Zaber Poland, Mr. John King, 
Mile. Ternier, M. Ternier, Dr. Riedel, 
Miss Coleman, Mr. and Mrs. Stanley 
Leckie, Miss Helen Merrill, Miss 
Brodigan, Mr. and Mrs. Tyndall, Dr. 
and Mrs. Strahan, London; Miss Mar¬ 
jorie McMurchy, Mr. and Mrs. Ger¬ 
hard Heintzm'an, Mrs. Willie Gwynne, 
Monsieur de Camps, Dr. and Mrs. 
Adams, Mr. and Mrs. Murray Clark, 
Dr. and Mrs. Frank Adams, Montreal, 
Mrs. Kerr, Mr. and Mrs. David Dun¬ 
lap, Mr. and Mrs. Carlton, London 
Mr. and Mrs. Graham c 3; Tn P bell ’- rn I l t ' 
and Mrs. Ham, Dr and Mrs. Vogt, 
Miss Garrett, Miss McLellan Strat 

ford; Mrs. Sweeny, Mrs. T1 ^lnh 
Mrs. and Miss Cross, Hev^ Ralph 
Bridges and Mrs. Bridges, New Tork, 
Mr T H. Plummer, Mr. John Ash 
worth! Mr. D. B. Wilkie, Mr. and Mrs. 
Glackmeyer, M. Hoffman,L P ”_ 
Mrs. J. D. Tyrrell, Mrs. Arthur P P 

Lamg, Dr Stollirtg, and Mrs . 

Riener, Dr. Beca, 



Some to the Klondyke 
Others to Prince 



Extremely Useful Ore Is Molyb¬ 
denite—Exhibit Attracts 

About 200 members of the Geologi¬ 
cal Congress under the leadership of 
President Dr. Adams will assemble in 
Victoria, B. C-, on August 26, when 
the two transcontinental excursions 
which leave to-night meet again. One 

party of 107 goes by the C. P. R- £ 
main line, the other by the Crow s 
Nest Pass, so as to include an inspec¬ 
tion of the coal fields. At Victoria 
two parties will be made up to sail 
north- Forty or fifty will take the 
“Queen McQuinnie,” an absolutely 
new C. P. R- steamer, and run up the 
coast to Yakatat, and the Malispena 
glaciers, where the great icebergs of 
the North Pacific are formed. This 
party having a special boat will visit 
places not usually visited and im¬ 
possible to the ordinary tourist They 
will see Mount Elias and the glaciers 
of the Coast Range. It was this fea¬ 
ture of the congress that induced the 
leading distinguished geologists from 
abroad to attend the present con¬ 
gress. At Skagway the party will 1^ 
the White Horse Railway to White 
Horse and descend the Yukon River 
U lHwson Here they will inspect the 
gold fields of the Glondyke, where 
$ 25 , 000,000 in placer gold b ^ ve J 3 ®®” 
washed out. This party will arrive 
back in Vancouver September 22, and 
return East by the Grand Trunk Pa 
clfic and Canadian Northern- 

To Visit Prince Rupert. 

Another Pacific coast party will take 
In Prince Rupert and the Skeena 
River, returning to Vancouver Septem¬ 
ber 2. Of those who do not go West 
»hnnt 50 will go north and tour the 
New Ontario mineral fields, including 
Sudbury, Cobalt, and Porcmpme. Dr. 
Miller is the leader in charge of this 
excursion. It includes a formidable 
international list of distinguished 
geologists. Their tram leaves to-mght 

at T 9 he°' program includes a trip on 
Lake Temiskaming next Wednesday, 
and on Saturday the 23rd, a voyage 
to Bear Island on Lake Temagami. 
The party returns to Toronto on Aug- 

Ub The’ delegates r ® 1 T rn m . Parlor 

homes, whether Honolulu or Pans or 

the Philippines as mdi^dua s- y 

ES and" thfv^ous committees of 
arrangements thankfully disband. 

Heat in Mines. 

The three commissions reported to 
the Congress this morning include 
one on glaciation and one on the ques¬ 
tion of increased temperature at depth. 
TTeat increases after a certain dept , 
Sit the "atio varies in different parts 
of the world. In the Comstock lode in 
Nevada the miners had to stop at 3,5 
feet In the Tamaree Copper Mine in 
the Houghton district of Michigan, 
Lake Superior, the deepest mine n 
I world, the temperature is not so great 
at 5,200 feet. Information covering all 
the available facts is being gathered, 
and will be reported to the Congre 
when it meets in Belgium The 
oge rate of increased heat per foot of 
descent will be figured out. 

New Geological Map. 

The commission appointed to con- 
eider the question of a geological map 
of the world reported in favor of the 
step, and the work will be proceeded 
with. The scale fixed upon was one to 
five million, which would make a good 
large wall map. Many countries have 
had a thorough geological survey, and 
maps have been prepared on a large 
scale These will be generalize^ and 
reduced to the uniform scale for incor¬ 
poration in the complete map. Some 
of the continents have been fairly well 
done, but Africa is largely blank, and 
so is the interior of Asia 

Mr Grabbam, who is here at the 
Congress, has been working m the 
Soudan, and Dr. Hume, who gave a re¬ 
markable paper upon his 
been working at a geological map of 
Egypt. In the South African States 

many men are working, including Rog 
ers and Mellor. The French are map¬ 
ping Algeria, but there is a vast terri¬ 
tory which will have to he mapped 
merely by the reports of travelers and 
their notes along the line of travel. 
Similarly with the Asian interior. All 
the available information is to be 
gathered up, however, and reduced to 
scale for incorporation in a complete 
geological maD of the world as known 
to date. It will be printed in Berlin. 

Permanent Organization, 

A commission was appointed to con¬ 
sider the question of preserving a 
permanent organization as a nucleus 
for the different congresses. Hereto¬ 
fore each congress has worked out its 
own scheme and its own organization 
entirely. The Canadian committee en¬ 
gaged Dr. Quensel of Sweden to help 
out on the present occasion, he hav¬ 
ing been a secretary during the Swed¬ 
ish congress. The question of having 
a continuity of staff will be considered 
and reported upon at Belgium in 1917. 

It is understood that the monograph 
desired by the Belgians at their con¬ 
gress will concern copper, of which 
Belgium controls deposits in the Con¬ 
go. It is possible that one of the ex¬ 
cursions will take the delegates in¬ 
terested to the Congo Free State. Bel¬ 
gium herself has little rock to show 
the geologists, though she has some 
great coal mines, possessing the 3rd 
largest coal reserves in Europe. 

A Useful Ore. 

An exhibit of molybdenite speci¬ 
mens from Maine attracted atten¬ 
tion in East Hall at the geological con¬ 
gress this morning. Only three or four 
metals are rarer than molybdenite, the 
silvery, bluish-grey mineral found in 
certain granite and quartz formations 
in Maine and Canada, and in North 
Australia. It is found also in Japan, 
where it is said to be used in connec¬ 
tion with the manufacture of Japan’s 
secret smokeless gunpowder. In Amer¬ 
ica its chief use is in the manufacture 
of high-speed too! steel, armor plate, 
and vault door steel, as it imparts a 
self-hardening quality to steel. A 
vault door, for instance, made with 
“molybdenum.” becomes more burglar- 
proof as the years go by. A strange 
process goes on in the steel composite 
during its whole life, after cooling, 
causing it to continually harden. 

Molybdenite is also used as a mor¬ 
dant in silk dying to make certain del¬ 
icate shades fast. But more important 
still is its use as a filament base in 
the so-called Tungsten electric lamp. 
It is also used in Germany to produce 
a certain yellow leather. It is a dis¬ 
infectant when used in dying plushes, 
and so forth, being a germicide, and 
valuable accordingly as a protection to 
cushions in railway cars- It imparts 
fire-proofing qualities to fabrics ailso. 

The two largest commercial deposits 
in the world are those at Catharine 
Hill, Maine, owned by Mr. C. Vey 
Holman, a delegate to the present Geo¬ 
logical Congress, and one at Indian 
Peninsula, Lake Abitibi, owned by M. 
J. O'Brien of Cobalt. 

Molybdenite is worth about $675 per 
ton. It is quarried out of the hills 
where it occurs. 

VIon] ^5 - \ 0 ) \ ^ . 




From left to right these men are: 
.Professor Sederholm of Finland; Pro¬ 
fessor Tschermyschew of Russia; Pro¬ 
fessor R. Beck of Germany; Professor 
Chamberlain of the University of Chi¬ 
cago; Professor Termier of Paris; and 
Professor Miller of the Ontario 
Bureau of Mines. Dr. Strahan was 
not able to wait to have his photo 

The lower picture shows the 
chancellor, Sir William Meredith, and 
President Falconer of the University 
crossing the campus to Convocation 



Conc'uding Ceremonies at Inter 
national Congress 

M 0 \ 

Reception Appreciated by Geologists. 

As indicative of the appreciation the geologists felt 
for the treatment they received at the hands of the 
local committee and the Cohalt mine owners, the fol¬ 
lowing letter received hy the committee speaks for itself: 

“We, the undersigned members of the Twelfth In¬ 
ternational Geological Congress, wish hereby to tender 
and express to the local committee members, Messrs. 
E. Y. Neelands, A. A. Cole, B. Neilly, Fraser Reid and 
Chas. Watson, our hearty appreciation and thanks for 
the thoughtfulness, hospitality and executive ability 
which have made so remarkably effective and delight¬ 
ful our visit to Cobalt, under the leadership of Dr. 
Miller, the godfather of the district. We beg to ex¬ 
press also to the managements of the Coniagas, Crown 
Reserve, Beaver and Timiskaming mines and of the 
Nipissing high grade mill, and to the ladies, our ap¬ 
preciation of the cordial reception, worthy of so 
uniquely prosperous a mining district.” 

fj y 


TORONTO, August 15—The Univer¬ 
sity of Toronto conferred degrees on 
visiting geologists yesterday. 

The organ stopped and with a scuf¬ 
fling and creaking of doors the black- 
gowned procession entered Convoca¬ 
tion Hall. First the President Dr. 
Falconer and Chancellor Sir William 
Meredith. Then the men about to 
receive the degree : Dr. R. Reck of 
Berlin, presented by Dean Fernow 
Prof. Chamberlain of the University 
of Chicago, by Professor Coleman ; 
Dr. W. G. Miller, Geologist for the 
Ontario Bureau of Mines, hy Prof. 
DeLury ; Dr. Sederholm of Finland,’ 
by Professor Walker ; Dr. Strachan, 
Director of the British Geological 
Survey, by President Falconer ; Dr. 
Termier of Paris, by Professor De- ( 
champs; and Dr. Tschermyschew, by I 
Professor Parks. i 

The simple but impressive ceremony 
was soon over. After prayers, the 
Dean Fernow rose with Dr. Beck and 
in a short address in German, pre¬ 
sented his nominee. The latter then 
stepped forward and was received by 
the hand of the Chancellor. He then 
passed over to the Roll of Convoca¬ 
tion, and signed it. The others fol¬ 
lowed the same course. The gather¬ 
ing afterward attended the garden 
party in the quadrangle. 


Prof. W. G. Miller Among Geologists 
on Whom ’Varsity Conferred De¬ 
grees—Farewell Garden Party, 

Varsity yesterday afternoon witnessed 
the final gathering of the International 
Geological Congress. Sir William Mere¬ 
dith, chancellor of the university, pre¬ 
sided at the special convocation in the 
afternoon, when the honorary degree of 
LL.D- was conferred on seven of the 

The first to be honored was Dr. R. 
Beck, of Freiburg, Germany, who was 
presented by Dr. T. L. Walker. 

In his reply, Dr. Beck spoke in a very 
'happy vein of the cordial relations 
existing between geologists in Canada 
and Germany and elf the fruitful con¬ 
tributions of the Canadian scientists in 
the field of economic geology in which 
his own university has been practically 
interested for one hundred and fifty 

Dr- T. C. Chamberlain, of the United 
States; Prof. W. G. Miller, of Toronto; 
J. J. Sederholm, of Finland; Dr. A. 
Strahan, of Manchester; Dr. Termier of 
France; and Dr. T. Tschernvschew, of 
Russia, were the .other delegates honor¬ 


The 700 delegates present had an op¬ 
portunity of bidding good-bye at the 
garden party in the quadrangle, which 
followed the conferring of degrees. The 
chancellor and President Falconer re¬ 
ceived the guests- Refreshments were 
served and music was rendered by the 
band of the 12th York Rangers. 

8 2 - (W-cj, is'd \cjij 

Garden Party Ends Congress 

Interesting Tales of Women’s Progress Were Unfolded by Its Women 


Never has Varsity’s quadrangle had a 
more distinguished gathering than that 
of yesterday afternoon’s garden party 
given by the university in honor of the 
Geological Congress. As the last func¬ 
tion of a crowded week of geology and 
joy it formed an ideal “au revoir” for 
the members and the many warm 
friends they have made in this city. Or 
perhaps it was “auf wedersehn,” u:ter- 
ed in the inspired tones of one from 
the Kaiser’s land. 

It has been a wonderful opportunity 
for Toronto women to come in touch 
with those from abroad directly con¬ 
cerned with foreign progress, to hear of 
what they are doing and of being as¬ 
sured that we can feel justly proud of 
our achievements. One heard more 
than a rumble that women were up and 
doing in an endeavor to claim a part in 
all the world’s work. While chatting to 
Fraulein Anna Rathgen, of Bonn, we 
enquired if there was still much feeling 
against the university girl in Germany, 
she said: 

“Oh, they are getting over that, and 
women are going in for many things. 
We have many women physicians and 
though our women are not allowed to 
practise law, many are studying it to 
get ready for their admittance, which 
they believe will come soon. But, again, 
many are taking the course to aid them 
in sociological work.” 

But to us the greatest surprise was 
the bright little Dr. Alide Grutterink, 
jf Rotterdam, with her revelations of 
what strides her countrywomen were 
making. Somehow or other suffrage 
societies in a land where the women 
are famous for thir prowess as scrub 
ladies somewhat startled. So recent 
was the marriage of Miss Inez Mil- 
holland to Eugene Boissevain of Am¬ 
sterdam that the .first query we put to 
Dr. Gruterrink was as to whether she 
knew the Boissevain family. 

“Why, everyone knows them,” declar¬ 
ed she. “His sister, Dr. Mia Boissevain, 
was the president of the women who or¬ 
ganized the exhibition called “Woman 
from 1813 to 1916,” which was opened 
in Amsterdam in May and will not close 
until October.” 

All the rooms are tilled with trea¬ 
sures that would delight the. eve of 
?n antique collector. One of the floors 
: s covered with an old rug made of 
many pieces of gray cloth from. the I 
dresses of the vrows. The wails are 
1 covered with fine old prints, miniatures 
and pastels. In the dining-room the 
table is laid for a christening dinner. 
On it are two interesting old soup 
tureens of that time actually fitted with 
a hot water arrangement to keep the 
contents from getting cold. Here too, 
is a basin inserted in the sideboard 
where the good housewife always 
washed her silver and glass, never 
leaving it to the servants. This cus¬ 
tom it appears, is still in vogue to-day 
in many a Dutch home. 

But the kitchen is the place of de¬ 
light for true housewves- Tiled walls, 
a marble floor, an old fireplace, with 
a small oven at the side; the usual row 
of old blue plates ranged on the shelf 
above it and many copper and brass 
utensils on racks around the walls. 
At the right of the front door is the 
provision room which was used in 
place of a cellar. And the good old 
Dutch housewife did not run to a 
comer grocery when she wanted a 
meal. In the provision room were 
rows of hams hanging from the beams, 
barrels of flour and sugar, bottles of 
preserves and wines, and jars of but¬ 
ter. In the music room, upstairs, 
is a figure of a lady dressed in 1813 
attire sitting at an old-fashioned spin¬ 
et. Another in the costume of a nurse 
was found in the old-fashioned bed¬ 

As most people know, the year 1913 
is an important one for Holland. It 
was the year of the Peace Palace open¬ 
ing and also the centenary of Holland 
in regaining its independence from 
French rule Many Dutch women felt 
that Amsterdam, as the capital, should 
have a special exhibition to show the 
social and intellectual position of wo¬ 
men since 1813. 

So led by Dr. Mia Boissevain, in 
the incredibly short time of fourteen 
months they organized, arranged and 
completed the present wonde ful pic 
t’ure of Dutch women’; progress. Mon¬ 
ey was raised by private subscription 
and the city of Amsterdam gave the 
land on the outskirts of the city on 
which the buildings were erected. It 
is now paying for itself and will close 
free of debt. Women of every creed 
and station have worked together. So 
successful have been their efforts that 
women from Russia. Germany an 4 
Italy have been inspired to go and do 
likewise. The exposition is divided 
into two parts- One shows a middle 
class house of a hundred years ago 
with all its quaint furnishings and ac¬ 
cessories. In it is an enormous kitch¬ 
en where all the cooking for the house 
was done and where the provisions 
were kept. 

Other rooms show the accomplish¬ 
ments women of that time possessed in 
the arts, literature, sports, their special 
work among the poor and sick and as 
guardians of almshouses and orphan¬ 

It gives an idea of the woman of the 
working class in the country as well 
as in the town, the home industries are 
shown, how women were overworked 
as seamstresses and diamond workers 
and how come women trudged in tread¬ 
mills like horses. 

Women's other professions, as shop¬ 
girls, servants, school mistresses and 
midwives lend their gay or sad note. 

In one room was seen women in 
philanthropy. There are cases of old 
letters, books of rules and by-laws, 
Bibles and photographs of directresses 
in their quaint costumes. Cases of 
1 small models in costumes worn by 
inmates of almshouses or hospitals or 
workhouses are found in this room, 
and more old prints relating to this 
, subject. 

In another room is seeen woman in 
church life, cases of hymn hooks, 
poems, books by celebrated women 
authors of that time and costumes of 
the different religions, societies and 
more fine oid prints. 

Then, too, are found women in medi¬ 
cine and in nursing, models of old hos¬ 
pitals, furnished as at that time; prints 
of nurses in different costumes and 
two fine oil paintings of well known 

Naturally, the 1913 building Is mod¬ 
ern, and very much larger than the 
one just described. The work display¬ 
ed is not all done by women, but by 
any one interested in woman’s pro¬ 
gress. But the poster and the mural 
decorations in the vestibule were paint¬ 
ed by women. 

Here the weary could rest and listen 
to a. very spirited band, composed of 
sixteen women and led by one. 

Along the outside of this building 
were many booths and shops, showing 
the woman druggist, bootblack, dress¬ 
maker, photographer, maker of fancy 
work, cakes and candy. 

The most interesting of these, and 
presided over by a great enthus¬ 
iast, displays the Dutch Girl 
Scout. Here are small models of 
the girls, in their special cos¬ 
tumes, going through their different 
evolutions, all made by the girls them¬ 
selves. Seventy of this organization 
came from Amsterdam alone, are of 
all classes and beliefs, and they work 
winter and summer. 

Passing into the building, it is said, 
one's breath is taken away by the 
number and extent of the exhibits. 
Many pages would be required ade¬ 
quately to describe them, and it is said 
women came here again and again to 
study and profit by what they had 
never seen or dreamed of before. All 
honor to the .Dutch women for this 
great display! 

Then there is a room devoted to the 
suffrage cause hung with flags of the 
countries which have granted the suf¬ 
frage. All sorts of suffrage literature 
is here on view, also. 

Then there are exhibits showing wo¬ 
men toilers at work under the actually 
bad conditions of real life. Next are 
shown improved conditions in canning 
factories, and a sample of the new, 
airy, well-lighted sewing room where 
girls and women have short working 
hours and good pay. The latter is or¬ 
ganized by a prominent society which 
insists on these improved conditions. 

Another section shows women in 
business^ as telephone or telegraph op¬ 
erators, as a postmistress, or as a sten¬ 
ographer. The tuberculosis exhibit 
was exhaustive in every particular, and 
photographs showing how women and 
even little children become deformed 
by certain kinds of sweatshop work 
vere not pleasant to look at. 

The Child’s Welfare Exhibit filled 
room after room. Here the ignorant 
peasant can learn how to feed, dress 
and care for the body of her child. The 
charts, photographs, statistics, models, 
plans, appliances could not adequate¬ 
ly be described here. The blind child, the 
feeble minded, the abnormal, the crip¬ 
pled. each had its particular exhibit 
An ideal nursery, fully equipped; the 
first aid to the injured; many books 
dealing with all these subjects, were 
shown. Still further on is seen wo¬ 
man’s work in drama, painting and 

Surely our Toronto Exhibition au¬ 
thorities could have gained inspiration 
from this splendid showing of Dutch 



The Geological Congress 

’"T HE Geological Congress is now in 
1 session in Toronto. Delegates 
from all over the world gathered on 
Wednesday evening, Aug. 6, at the 
University. They were welcomed by 
Hon. W. H. Hearst, Minister of Lands, 

_Forests and Mines for Ontario, and 

Prof. A. P. Coleman, head of the geo¬ 
logical department in the University 
of Toronto, who is chairman of the 
local committee. President Falconer 
also welcomed the delegates. 

The congress is one of the most 
profoundly interesting that ever came 
to Canada; distinguished among the 
many scientific congresses that have 
gathered in Canadian cities for learn¬ 
ing, character and experience. From 
a standpoint of natural resources and 
practical significance, it is perhaps 
the most important congress ever con¬ 
vened in Canada. In a land whose 
mining developments are among the 
most remarkable in the world, and a 
city which for ten years has been a 
metropolis of miners, delegates'have 
come from every land upon earth 
where there is anything resembling 
a mine. They come from the Anglo- 
Egyptian Soudan, Argentine Republic, 
Australia, Austro-Hungary, Belgium, 
the British Isles, British West Africa, 
British West Indies, Bulgaria, Canada, 
Chili, China, Colombia, Denmark, 
Egypt, France, Germany, Greece, 
Guatemala, Hawaiian Islands, India, 
Indo-China, Italy, Japan, Mexico, the 
Netherlands, Newfoundland, New Zea¬ 
land, Norway, Peru, Philippine Islands, 
Portugal, Roumania, Finland, Spain, 
Sweden, Switzerland, Tunis, Turkey, 
T T nion of South Africa, the United 
States and Venezuela. 

On Thursday the Hon. Charles Fitz¬ 
patrick took the chair and delivered 
an address of welcome. The address 
on behalf of the Dominion of Canada 
was delivered by Acting Premier Hon. 
Mr. Perley. The congress will be in 
session until August 16, but many of 
the delegates will remain in Canada 
for several weeks. Many of them 
will travel in various parts of the 
country where mining developments 
have taken place. That is, they will 
probably visit every province in the 
Dominion. In Winnipeg they will find 
as many languages as are spoken by 
the congress itself. It will he thej 
first time that at least half the dele-j 
gates have seen this country. The! 
advertisement which Canada will be 
sure to get from so cosmopolitan and 
distinguished an aggregation will 
probably do more good than a great 
deal of the railway and immigration 
literature now being sent oiit.: 

The City Hall was the'scene of a 
brilliant gathering on Monday evening 
when a civic reception was held in 
honor of the geologists who were at¬ 
tending the international congress in 
the city. His Worship the Mayor of 
Toronto and Mrs. Hocken received 
in the council chamber, on the steps 
of the throne. Mrs. Hocken looked 
very handsome in blush rose satin, 
draped with pale grey ninon, and real 
lace with diamond ornaments. Her 
bouquet of the most exquisite orchids 
was a masterpiece from the civic hot¬ 
houses, being composed of at least a 
dozen or more varieties of the most 
beautiful flowers, from sprays of the 
tiniest “jewelled” orchid to a very 
large one like purple velvet, the whole 
surrounded with fine maidenhair fern. 

The whole affair proved in-tensety 
interesting, as never before in the City 
Hall's history, have there been so 
many nationalities represented. Pass¬ 
ing out from the council chamber, 
which was banked with flowers, the 
guests 'divided into little groups, list¬ 
ening to the music of the two or¬ 
chestras, and conversing.X A buffet 
supper was served later in the even¬ 
ing from flower decked tables arrang¬ 
ed in the corridor. 

0 1 K|I3^ 



On Wednesday evening, July 23rd, 45 members of 
the Congress left Toronto on a special C. P. R. train to 
visit the mining districts of Northern Ontario. The 
excursion was very well arranged, and, from start to 
finish, proved very interesting. Some of the places 
visited have become widely known, both on account of 
their commercial importance and on account of their 
scientific interest. The structure and origin of the ore 
deposits has proven an attractive subject to many 
geologists, and it was a pleasure much appreciated by 
the visitors to have the characteristic features of the 
several deposits pointed out to them by men who have 
made a special study of the several districts. 

All over the world the Sudbury deposits are referred 
to as the most notable example of that particular type 
of ore deposits supposed to be the result of magmatic 
differentiation. It was therefore of special interest to 
have the features of these deposits pointed out by Dr. 

southeastward, giving a section across the eruptiy. 
It was easily seen that the rock becomes, towards e 
upper and inner edge, lighter coloured and moie 
siliceous. At the outer lower edge it is a dark gray, 
fine norite. This gradually changes to a coarser- 
grained rock containing less pyroxene and more red¬ 
dish feldspar and micropegmatite. At the top it is 
quite red and siliceous and granite-like in appearance. 

Below the nickel-bearing eruptive the rocks are 
much brecciated. In the vicinity of Sudbury sev¬ 
eral outcrops were visited and the “crush conglom¬ 
erate” examined. Prof. Coleman, in calling attention 
to these outcrops, stated that this is characteristic of 
the foot-wall rocks all the way around the nickel range. 
Apparently the intrusion of the norite mass has been 
accompanied by very extensive crushing of the under¬ 
lying rocks. 

The Inner Basin.—Above the nickel-bearing erup¬ 
tive there is a fine grained siliceous rock, which Dr. 


A. W. G. Wilson, Ottawa; W. G. Miller, Toronto ; A. C. Lane, Tufts College ; Bedford Mc¬ 
Neill, London; A. P. Coleman, Toronto; J. B. Tyrrell, Toronto; P. P. Piatnizky, Russia; 
Jules Szadeczcy, Hungary ; A. G. Charleton, London ; A. G. B. Wilbraham, London ; G. W. 
Grabham, Khartoum, Africa ; A. G. Burrows, Toronto. 

A. P. Coleman, who has made several years study of 
the deposits and has long contended that the ore bodies 
have been formed by segregation of the sulphides from 
a molten magma which was chiefly composed of the 
constituents of norite—the rock in which the ore 

The members found little difficulty in finding hand 
specimens which show apparently secondary deposition 
of sulphides, especially of c'halcopyrite; but as has 
already been mentioned by exponents of the magmatic 
theory, this secondary deposition is of minor import¬ 
ance, as the localization of the ore bodies seems to have 
depended on phenomena of much greater magnitude. 
The secondary deposits may easily have been formed 
by local changes within the original massive ore bodies 
and the neighbouring rock. 

The Sudbury Norite.—Prof. Coleman first took the 
party to outcrops near Sudbury and pointed out sev¬ 
eral exposures of the Sudbury series—McKim gray- 
wacke and Ramsay lake quartzite—and the overlying 
conglomerate. Then, going to Windy lake on the C. 
p. Rj Railway, the rocks which underlie the nickel 
bearing eruptive were seen. The railway was followed 

Coleman says is characteristic of the whole basin. 
Outcrops of this material were examined and it was 
found difficult to distinguish between the acid edge of 
the micropegmatite and what Dr. Coleman believes to 
be fused conglomerate. 

Dr. Coleman stated that unaltered conglomerate and 
micropegmatite are not found in contact, but that in 
going from the overlying, Trout lake, conglomerate 
towards the eruptive there is always noted a gradual 
change from a distinctly fragmental rock to a fine¬ 
grained hard rock, which cannot be readily distin¬ 
guished from felsitic igneous rocks. The change is so 
gradual that the conclusion reached is that the erup¬ 
tive has intruded the conglomerate and was at a high 
enough temperature to" alter it very extensively before 

Above the conglomerate is a dark coloured siliceous 
rock known as the Onaping tuff. Good exposures of 
this were examined at Onaping falls. At Onwatin lake 
outcrops of the overlying Onwatin slate were ex¬ 
amined. It was found by several of the party that 
these rocks are specially productive of red raspberries. 
Asked as to the possibility of the Trout lake conglom- 

S4 ( . ^ n 

v/ . v r Y^MM-Ob . vt^AAWoX 

J 'I ^ 


C. W. Knight, Toronto; P. Piatnizky, Russia; J. 15. Tyrreli, Toronto; G. W. Grabham, Khar¬ 
toum ; G. A. J. Cole, Dublin, Ireland. 

erate, which overlies the nickel-bearing eruptive, and 
the basal conglomerate near Ramsay lake, being of the 
same age, Dr. Coleman replied that he considers this 
improbable. He stated that all around the inner basin 
the Trout lake conglomerate occurs and is always of 
the same character—a dark gray, hard conglomerate 
characterized by numerous pebbles of gray chert. He 
pointed out that the Ramsay lake conglomerate is quite 
different in appearance and composition and was prob¬ 
ably not formed at the same time. 

Having made examination of the several types of 
rock and of exposures which show their structural re¬ 
lations, visits were then made to the nickel mines. 

Murray Mine.—The first mine visited was the Mur¬ 
ray. This property, Which is on the main line of the 
C. P. R., and was discovered by the building of the 
railroad, was worked several years ago.; but has not 
been producing for ten years or more. During the past 
two years, however, the property has been systematd- 
call prospected by diamond drilling and excellent re¬ 
sults obtained. According to Mr. Hitchcock, who is 
in charge of the drilling operations, holes are being 
put down vertically at intervals of 200 feet and several 
million tons of ore has been discovered. The deposits 
worked in the early days are said to have dipped at 
about 45 degrees; but the drilling indicates that the 


J. A. Dresser, Sault Ste Marie, Ont.; G. Merciai, Pisa, Italy ; E. Mattirolo, Torino, Italy ; 

F. II. Forest. Kigaud, Quebec. 

August 15, 1913. 

j 3(X j aiin, v 




Cole 3 'Ireland 'Sir p y [ re11 ’ T ° ront ° > A -G. Charleton, London ; Miss Eubank, Toronto ; G. A. J. 
Cole Ireland Dr Coleman, Toronto; 0. F. Pfordte, Cairo, N.Y.; G. Merciai Italy A E Kit- 
son, Gold Coast, West Africa ; C. W. Knight, Toronto ; S. Cerulli-Irelli, Italy. ’ " * ' 

formed an irregular chimney, which has been followed 
tor 1,30(1 teet on an incline of 70 degrees to the east. 

Canadian Copper Company’s Smelter.—In the after¬ 
noon the guides took the party over the smelting plant 
and explained the process of treating the ore" This 
was described in detail in the August 1st issue of the 

No. 3, or Frood Mine.—Leaving the smelter the party 
proceeded by train to Frood and examined the enorm¬ 
ous outcrops of gossan at what is believed to be by 
tar the largest nickel deposit yet discovered. Accord- 
*>r. Coleman, it is estimated to contain at least 
3o UU(J,000 tons of ore, and perhaps as much as 100,000.- 
00( tons. From No. 3 the gossan-covered ridge extends 

almost unbroken for a mile to the southwest and almost 
as far to the northeast, where the Stobie mine once pro¬ 
duced more than 400,000 tons of ore. 

The deposit is being developed from two shafts on 
the property of the Canadian Copper Company. On 
adjoining property the Mond Nickel Company is sink¬ 
ing a vertical shaft, which is expected to reach the ore 
at a depth of about 800 feet. 

At No. 3 mine the deposit has been developed for 
some distance at the 200 and 300-foot- levels. At the 
200-foot level ore is being stoped by widening out 
crosscuts on reaching the ore and gradually extending 
the stope by making a fan-shaped opening, as has been 
done at some of the other properties. 


Supt. Kaeding; Fred Searls, Goldfield, Nevada; F. L. Ransome, U.S.G.S., Washington, D.C. 

August 15, 1913. 



Sudbury for a splendid reception were received with 
much applause. 

Moose Mountain. —Saturday morning the party was 
taken over the Canadian Northern Railway to Moose 
Mountain. Here the iron ore deposits and associated 
rocks were examined. At No. 1 mine, which is worked 
largely as an open pit, the ore is magnetite more or 
less interbanded with hornblende and green cpidote. 
At No. 2 mine the ore consists of interbanded magnetite 
and silica without hornblende or epidote. 

The ore mined is crushed and then concentrated by 
magnetic separation. By this means a marketable 
product is obtained. Much of the ore runs only 35 to 
40 per cent, iron ; but by a sample treatment the grade 
is brought up to 60 per cent. 

In the vicinity of the mines many interesting struc¬ 
tural features are well exposed. In places the banded 
ore is cut by dikes of granite and by thin seams of epi¬ 
dote. Where the iron formation crosses the Vermilion 
river interesting crumplings and foldings of the banded 
ore were pointed out by Dr. Coleman. A variety of 
interesting small scale structural features, such as anti¬ 
clines, synclines and faults were also seen in the old 

Recently Mr. Lindeman of the Department of Mines 
has been studying the district and has prepared a mag¬ 
netometric map of the iron formations. Copies of this 
map were received just in time for distribution to mem¬ 
bers of the excursion. 

After visiting the outcrops and mines, the party was 
conducted through the concentration plant and the 
methods of magnetic separation and briquetting of the 
ore were explained. 

The officers of the company then entertained at a 
luncheon in the schoolhouse. A good meal, nicely 
served by the ladies of the village, was followed by 
several happy speeches. After luncheon a start was 
made southward. At several points the train was stop¬ 
ped to allow examination of outcrops along the railway. 
At Garson lake several of the party showed more in¬ 
terest in the water than in the rocks, and by general 
consent a stop was made to permit of a more intimate 
acquaintance with the lake. Refreshed by a swim, the 
party was then taken to the Coniston roast yards and 

At Coniston the Mond Nickel Company has recently 
constructed a very complete smelting plant- for the 
treatment of nickel-copper ores, and much interest was 
shown in the methods of handling the ore and furnace 
products here. The officers of the company conducted 
parties through the plant and explained the processes. 
Several labour and heat-saving devices have been intro¬ 
duced in the new plant. 

In the evening the party returned to Sudbury, and 
on Sunday afternoon the train pulled out for Cobalt 
and Porcupine. 

(To be Continued.) 


Visit to the Sydney Coalfield. 

Cape Breton Island, within the past few years, has 
been visited during the summer months by many asso¬ 
ciations and congresses, and bodies of persons joined 
together for some ostensibly educative purpose. These 
parties have curiously coincided with hot weather in 
other parts of the American continent, and it has been 
shrewdly surmised that a desire to feel the cool At¬ 
lantic breezes was not altogether unconnected with the 

presence of these gatherings in Cape Breton, and there 
has been a feeling that business was sometimes inter¬ 
fered with unnecessarily in receiving and entertain¬ 
ing the visitors, for it is in the summer time that the 
coal mines and steel works are most busy, and inter¬ 
ruptions are sufficiently numerous without further ad¬ 

A pleasing exception, however, is the recent visit 
of a portion of the International Geological Congress 
to the Sydney coalfield. The geologists who composed 
this party were very evidently not on a junketing ex¬ 
cursion, and the inspection of any undeveloped country 
by a discerning and well-informed) party of specialists 
such as made up the Maritime Provinces excursion of 
the Geological Congress, cannot but be followed by an 
increasing interest in its resources and a more exact 
knowledge of its geological characteristics. 

The Sydney trip commenced on Wednesday, the 23rd 
of July, with a visit to the Point Edward limestones, 
where the party inspected Limestone Point. Here the 
bedded limestones are seen dipping under the north¬ 
west arm of Sydney Harbour, and can be observed to 
disappear under the Millstone Grit on the other side 
of the arm. Several of the party evinced considerable 
interest in a curious appearance shown by weathered 
fragments of the limestone, the surface of the rock 
being covered by closely packed circular knobs show¬ 
ing a distinct concretionary structure. One learned 
gentleman remarked that the rock had “a curious 
botyroidal structure resembling sheep’s brains.” More 
may be heard of this, when the specimens reach 
Europe! An old quarry, known as Louisburg Quarry 
was next visited, which is said to have furnished lime 
for the French fortifications at Louisburg. Here 
numerous shell fossils were to he seen and further 
nodular specimens. The Nova Scotia Steel Company’s 
quarries at Point- Edward Post Office were then visited, 
where the full bench of the bedded limestone was ex¬ 
posed in working face. The limestone bed was covered 
with from ten to twenty feet of reddish drift, and in 
some places the top of the limestone was curiously 

Taking the ferry steamer at Leitch-es Creek, t-he 
party sailed down the Northwest Arm and landed at 
the Quarantine station on Point Edward, about on the 
axis of the anticline, which divides the two arms of 
Sydney Harbour. Here an exposure of black shale 
was visited that yielded a large number of small fossil 
fauna, particularly the minute fossil shell Leaia. One 
of the German geologists picked up from the under¬ 
lying sandstones a fine specimen of a fish-spine about 
eight inches in length, and a compatriot was the proud 
possessor of a slab of sandstone showing a well defined 
cast of mud-cracks arranged in rough pentagons over 
its lower surface. The black-shale bed occurred just 
about breast-high, and in a favourable position for 
attack. An interesting photograph might have been 
had of some forty persons ranged in a continuous row 
vigorously attacking the crumbling shale with their 
hands, and all, apparently, well pleased with their 

From Point- Edward the geologists proceeded to 
North Sydney, landing there and taking the tram-car 
to the point where the Millstone Grit, said to be here 
over 3,000 feet in thickness, gives place to the true 
Coal Measures. The party descended the cliffs and 
walked at the base as far as the outcrop of the 
Sydney Main Seam. Several members of the party pre¬ 
ferred the highway to the rocky base of the cliffs, re¬ 
marking that they had seen Millstone Grit before; but 
by the time coaLbearing measures were reached the 

August 15, 1913. 

Stc cMwi <3aAjL ^ Uu* 



Dr. A. E. Barlow 

Wladimir Loewinson-Lessing, of St. Petersburg, 
Russia, is one of Europe’s* leading geologists, and 
stands foremost among the Russians. He is an au¬ 
thority on rocks and the author of several papers. 

John Walter Gregory is one of England’s leading 
mining geologists. He was for some years professor of 
geology at the University of Melbourne and director 
of geological surveys of Victoria. He has studied the 
mining fields of several countries, and is the author 
of several papers on mining geology, including Mount 
Lyell mines, Victoria gold and tin fields, Ballarat gold 
field, South Rhodesian gold fields, etc. 

Edward O. Ulrich, geologist, U. S. Geological Sur¬ 
vey, is one of America’s leading paleontologists. He 
has studied especially stratigraphy and invertebrate 

Walter Harvey Weed, consulting geologist and min¬ 
ing engineer, New York City, is one of the most pro¬ 
minent mining geologists in America. He has mapped 
several mining districts for the U. S. Geological Sur¬ 
vey, and has contributed numerous articles on the 
origin of ore deposits. His writings include reports 
on geology of Mexico, coal of Montana, copper de¬ 
posits of Butte, and copper mines of the world. 

Waldemar Lindgren, professor of geology, Massa¬ 
chusetts Institute of Technology, is one of the fore¬ 
most authorities on metalliferous deposits. He has 
made many valuable contributions to the literature on 
gold, silver and copper deposits, especially on the gold 
deposits of Colorado and California and the copper 
deposits of Clifton, Arizona. 

Dr. Charles Kenneth Leith, professor of geology, 
University of Wisconsin, is a prominent authority on 
the geology of the iron districts of the United States. 
With Dr. Van Hise he has made careful study of the 
Lake Superior district, and has done much towards 
determining the structure of the ore deposits and 
their origin. 

Dr. Frederick Leslie Ransome is chief geologist of the 
U. S. Geological Survey. He is a native of Greenwich, 

Eng., and a graduate of California University. He has 
taught mineralogy at Harvard and geology at Chicago 
University. He joined the staff of the U.S.G.S. in 1897, 
and has written for the Survey several important 
works. His special studies have been the geology of 
gold, silver, lead, and copper deposits in Western 
United States. 

William Herbert Hobbs, professor of geology. Uni¬ 
versity of Michigan, makes a, specialty of structural 
and dynamical geology and seismology. He has a re¬ 
putation as a fault-finder. Dr Hobbs has published 
numerous articles on mineralogy, petrography and 
geology, and is the author of books on earthquakes and 
general geology. He is an authority on the fracture sys¬ 
tems of the earth’s crust. 

Dr. Charles Doolittle Walcott, Secretary of the 
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., ranks 
among the leading geologists of the world. He has 
made a special study of the oldest fossiliferous forma¬ 
tions, and he has written numerous volumes on the 
stratigraphy and paleontology of the Paleozoic rocks. 
Dr. Walcott has done some very valuable work in the 
Canadian Rockies and has given remarkable descrip¬ 
tions of them. After being for several years on the 
staff of the U. S. Geological Survey, Dr. Walcott was ap¬ 
pointed director of the survey in 1894. This position 
he held until 1902, when he joined the reclamation ser¬ 
vice. In 1907 he was appointed secretary of the 
Smithsonian Institution. 

Louis V. Pirsson, professor of geology, Yale Univer¬ 
sity, is one of the most prominent American geologists. 
He has described the geology of several of the districts 
of central Montana and of parts of New Hampshire. 
Dr. Pirsson has made a special study of rocks and rock 
minerals, and has published a text book on petrology. 

Dr. Richard Beck 


August 15, 1913. THE CANADIAN MINING JOURNAL _513 

Dr. Waldemar Lindgren 

Gold Mining Co. In 1895 ihe founded the firm of 
Charleton and Co., in partnership with F. W. Grey, 
reporting on mines of gold, copper, silver-lead, man¬ 
ganese and oohalt, in different parts of the world. 
In 1894 Mr. Arthur Dickinson joined the present firm, 
Charleton, Dickinson and Co., who acted as consult¬ 
ing engineers to the Cornish Consolidated Tin Mines, 
Ltd.; the Anglo-Spanish Copper Co., etc. Mr. Charle¬ 
ton is the author of numerous papers on mining, mill¬ 
ing and mine accounting. 

William Harvey Emmons is a native of Mexico, Mo. 
He was for several years on the staff of the Geological 
Department, University of Chicago. As geologist 
on the U. S. G. S. he studied and described many of 
the ore deposits of Nevada, Montana and Colorado. 

Reginald Aldworth Daly, Professor of Geology, 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, is a 
Canadian who ranks among the leading geologists of 
the United States. He has contributed many very im¬ 
portant papers on the geology of igneous rocks and is 
regarded as a leading authority on the subject. 

Dr. Edmund Otis Hovey, Curator of the American 
Museum of Natural History, has made a special study 
of volcanoes, meteorites and earthquakes. He has de¬ 
scribed the volcanoes of the Lesser Antilles and erup¬ 
tions of Mount Pele, Martinique and the Soufriere, St. 

Alfred Harker, Fellow of St. John’s College and 
Lecturer in Petrology, Cambridge, is well-known for his 
studies in petrology and for his text books on rocks. 
His work, “Petrology for Students” is in use in many 
colleges. Among his publications is an admirable work 
on the “Natural History of Igneous Rocks.” 

William Wallace Mein, Consulting Mining Engineer, 
New York, is well known in Ontario through his posi¬ 
tion as consulting engineer for the Dome Mines Co. 
and the Canada Exploration Co. Mr. Mein has held 
very important positions on the Rand, South Africa, 

being general manager of French Rand Gold Mining 
Co., Crown Reef, Robinson, Robinson Central Deep. 
Ferreira, Village Main Reef, Village Deep, Turf Mines, 
City Deep. New Modderfontein and Modderfontein Ex¬ 
tension. In Alaska also Mr. Mein held important posts, 
being consulting engineer to Alaska Treadwell Group 
of Mines, Douglas Island, Alaska. 

Dr. Florence Bascom, Professor of Geology at Bryn 
Mawr, Pa., enjoys the distinction of being the most 
prominent woman geologist in America. For several 
years she has been a member of the staff of the United 
States Geological Survey, and has written a number of 
valuable works on general geology and on the geology 
of Pennsylvania. Miss Bascom is a regular attendant 
at the meetings and excursions of the several societies 
to which she belongs. She took part in the last meet¬ 
ing of the Geological Congress in Sweden. 

Professor Joseph Barrell of Yale University, New 
Haven, is a prominent authority on the origin of rocks. 
Of late he has written several illuminating papers on 
the importance of land-formed sediments among the 
old formations. Professor Barrell was, in 
1893-97, instructor in mining and metal¬ 
lurgy at Lehigh University. After practising for two 
years as a mining engineer, and spending three years 
as United States geologist in Montana, he was, in 1900, 
appointed Assistant Professor of Geology at Lehigh. 
In 1903 he received an appointment at Yale and be¬ 
came professor in 1908. 

Dr. Heinrich Ries, Professor of Geology, Cornell Uni¬ 
versity, is the foremost authority on clays. He has 
made many valuable contributions to our knowledge 
of the clays of America. Dr. Ries has been engaged by 
the IT. S. Geological Survey and by the State Surveys of 
Michigan, Maryland, New Jersey, Texas, Wisconsin, 
and Virginia to report on clays. Recently he has done 
similar work for the Canadian Geological Survey. 

Horace V. Winchell 

August 15, 1913. 


L 515 

August 15, 1913. 



only large bodies of students from the United States, 
but also from foreign countries. Prof. McLeod said 
he also wished to express the thanks of McGill for the 
brilliant courses of lectures lie has delivered to her 

Prof. Kemp said in reply that he certainly felt very 
much at home in a McGill audience, and 1 in a McGill 
alumni. He spoke of the great part geology has play¬ 
ed in progress, and he referred to the great work that 
McGill has done in this sphere. He recalled the labours 
of Sir William Dawson and Sir William Logan in the 
rocks of Ontario and Nova Scotia, of Prof. Harring¬ 
ton, of Dr. George Dawson, the intrepid explorer of 
Northern America, of the regiment of McGill graduates 
who have explored the north. Geologists turn to Mc¬ 
Gill from all over the world when they want know¬ 
ledge of the interior of the earth, and seek it from 
Prof. Prank 0. Adams. One member of the geological 
conference will carry back to his home deeply felt re¬ 
collections of the significance of this day. 

Dean Adams introduced Prof. Alfred Lacroix, mem¬ 
ber of the French Institute for the degree. He did 
much work in Guiana, Madagascar, Martinique after 
the volcanic eruption, where he was sent in a French 
battleship. His writings were numlerous, and he was 
the most distinguished mineralogist of the present day. 

In replying, Prof. Lacroix said he was deeply touch¬ 
ed by the honour. He paid tribute to Canada as a fine 
country. He had been a student for twenty-five years. 
He spoke of the influence of McGill as high in promot¬ 
ing scientific research, and of the importance of the 
study of minerals in solving scientific problems, and 
the furthering of human progress. • 

Dean Adams said they were glad to have in Canada 
such a distinguished body of scientists from all the 
Seven Seas. He hoped they might go away well 
pleased with the Dominion, and he hoped that they 
would come back again to Canada for another geologi¬ 
cal conference. He also hoped that they would meet 
again before that date. 

Among those who visited the Quebec Asbestos mines 
on the A5 excursion this month were: Hans Arlt, Ger¬ 
many; Karl Boden, Germany; 0. B. Boggild. Den¬ 
mark; Leon II. Borgstrom, Finland; T. C. Denis, Can¬ 
ada; J. A. Dresser, Canada; L. L. Fermor, India; Mrs. 

L. L. Fermor. India; II. Frechette, Canada ; S. McL. 
Gardner, Scotland; George Guric, Germany; Ii. Harvie, 
England; R. E. Hore, Canadian Mining Journal; Jas. 
Howley, Newfoundland; Mark Hurll, Scotland; J. McG. 
Kuril, Scotland; J. P. Krusch, Germany; Andrew Law- 
son, U.S.A.; A. Mailhot, Canada; Dr. C. Palache, U.S. 

A.; Dr. Fred Von Grote, Germany; O. A. Welter, Ger¬ 
many; E. Wigglesworth, U.S.A.; J. E. Wolff, U.S.A.; 
Berkey, U.S.A.; Bain, U.S.A.; P. Fabrega, Spain; C. | 
Kido, Japan; R. B. Murray, England; Dr. Edgar 
Wherry, U.S.A.; II. B. Wallis, England; P. Zoude, Bel¬ 
gium; A. G. B.Wil'braham, England; B. Weigand, Ger¬ 
many. Mr. T. C. Denis, Superintendent of Mines for 
Quebec, and Mr. J. A. Dresser, geologist for the Lake 
Superior Corporation, were file leaders, and they made 
the excursion a very interesting one. 

11. B. Wallis and A. G. B. Wilbraham, mining engin¬ 
eers of London, England, were members of the Sud- 
bury-Cobalt-Porcupine excursion, and will go west to 
the Pacific Coast and up to the Yukon after the To¬ 
ronto meeting. 

Among the members of the A3 excursion who vis¬ 
ited the Kirkland Lake gold fields last month were 
Bedford McNeill, president, and A. G. Charleton, past 
president, of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy. 

Dean Moyse, in the name of Principal Peterson, gave 
them a hearty welcome to McGill University. It is a 
young university, said he. It was founded in 1821 and 
'in 1829 it began its work. It nearly perished, but the 
medical faculty, the doctors, kept it alive. Then came 
Sir William Dawson, a Scotchman, McGill is a Scotch 
university, many of its professors are Scotch, but the 
English professors do much to hold their own. So far 
as geology is concerned, McGill is the Mecca of geolo¬ 
gists, and he cannot see why they should meet in 
Toronto. Canada was a country of boundless re¬ 
sources, and her universities were busy in turning out 
men to grapple with them. But they must not forget 
they have an arts faculty and turned out a Rhodes 
scholar, who won the blue ribbon of Oxford scholar¬ 
ship. He regretted that they had not received a civic 
welcome, and he hoped that when they came again 
they would receive one that would make up for the 
absence of one this time. 

From the Convocation Hall adjournment was made 
to the Windsor Hotel, where the visitors were the 
guests of the Montreal reception committee to a lunch¬ 
eon. An orchestra played the national airs of the 
countries represented by the geologists. 

Dr. Milton Hersey, in behalf of McGill, and Laval 
Universities, the local committee, and the various 
learned societies, conveyed their greetings to the party. 
Various so-called international conferences had been 
held in Canada at various times, but this was the first 
one held here worthy of the title, international. 

Geologists, said Dr. Hersey, are the only persons 
who can go back to the earliest stages of the earth’s 
history. This was a new country, only three hundred 
years old, but within a stone’s throw of this hotel were 
rocks of the oldest geological formation. 

Dean Adams, of the McGill Faculty of Applied Sci¬ 
ence, and president of the conference, thanked Dr. 
Hersey for the splendid reception. He then read off 
a list of no less than twelve excursions from Montreal, 
got up for the visitors. The majority go to Toronto 
and Niagara Falls, and leave at various times. 


Who welcomed the International Geological Congress in 
official capacity as Administrator of the Dominion of Canada. 



'\)f. . i i) - \ j l ^ 


Left to right.—Dr. Weber (Bonn University), Dr. Lachmann (Breslau), Dr. Mann (Bonn), Dr. Hoinel (Bonn), Dr. 
Baden (Munich). 

TlYHE importance of such a gathering as the Interna- 
1 tional Geological Congress, recently held at Toronto, 
could not be overestimated. Not only in its immense 
scope—for it is estimated that the native tongues of the 
various delegates embraced upwards of twenty-five langu¬ 
ages, while many more countries were represented— 
rendered it important. The significant fact for all coun¬ 
tries to consider, and especially young countries like 
Canada, is that everywhere the geologist is the pathfinder 
of wealth. His services mean more to the world’s 
prosperity perhaps than those of any other man, except 
perhaps the scientific agriculturist, who succeeds in mak¬ 
ing two blades of grass grow where one grew before. 

Some people, who rate knowledge cheaply, have no 
doubt been inclined to rate the geologist as a person 
chiefly employed in upsetting orthodox ideas as to the 
creation of the world. Undoubtedly the science of geo¬ 
logy, which developed so rapidly in the nineteenth cen¬ 
tury, did contribute largely to dissipating the belief once 
generally accepted that the world was made in six days of 
twenty-four hours each, but it has also done much to in¬ 
spire true religion by revealing to the imagination of 
mankind the inconceivable vastness on which the uni¬ 
verse is planned. The old theological conception of a 
world a little over six thousand years old, is insignificant 
compared with the geologist’s revelation of a world whose 
natural history stretches back through countless aeons 
of time. The geologist's contribution to the enlargement 
and illumination of the human mind is therefore in 
essence as great as that of the philosopher and the poet. 

Moreover, in addition to the cultural effect of his ser¬ 
vices to humanity the geologist may lay claim to practical 
service, and it is no doubt the commercial aspect of his 
science that most appeals to the average man. As has 
been said he is the pathfinder of wealth. Seldom a wealthy 
man himself, he indicates—as surely as does the needle 
of the compass, the location of the north star—the 
sources of wealth. The practical man follows in his 
path, and makes fortunes out of his discoveries. With 
his science as a basic influence, great- industries, great 
towns, and great accumulations of capital are built up. 
He knows where the gold, the silver, the coal, the iron, 
the copper—all the minerals which play an integral part 
in our civilization—are to be found. What Canada or j 
the United States, or Australia or South Africa, or any 
of the younger nations which have grown to vast wealth 
within the memory of living man have owed to the 
science of geology who could estimate? What the older 
and stagnant empires, like those of Russia and China will 
yet owe to it who will venture to predict? 

OlA-vC^ 1 Y> ~ 

» 3 , 


Though in his eighty-seventh year, the man who 
built the Intercolonial Railway, blazed the trail for the 
C.P.R. through the Rockies, and is the father of the 
Pacific cable, is hale, hearty, genial and simple. 


The reception to the members of the Geological Congress and their friend-s 
was a distinguished gathering of men and women from all parts of 
the globe. 


Geologists Will Arr ive in 
Silver Camp on Mon¬ 
day Morning 

1 Owing to the very pronounced de 
sire of the members of the first partj 
of geologists to see more of the golf 
and silver sections of Northern On 
tario Dr. Miller has entirely re-ar 
ranged the program for the C6 ex 
cursion. It will arrive here on Mon 
day morning and two entire dayi 
will be spent here concluding with i 
reception at the Masonic Hall. Om 
entire day will also be spent on Laki 
Timiskamdng, as it was felt that t 
great deal more time could be use.< 
on the lake to advantage than wai 
spent on the first trip and the party 
will depart for Porcupine on thi 
night of Wednesday. Coming bad! 
the Alexo mine will be visited and 
also Kirkland Lake. 

l 3. 


Professor W. R. Brock, Director of 
the Canadian Geological Survey, is 
regarded as the * best authority 
upon the geological formation of 
the great mineral belt in southern 
B.C., and has served in various 
public capacities. 

* U12>. 


The itinerary is as follows : 

Aug. 18—(Monday)—Arrive Cobalt 
4 Itinerary of former excursion 
will be closely followed. 

Aug. 19—(Tuesday)—Visiting the 
mines. At night a reception, will he 
given to them by the Cobalt branch 
of the Canadian Mining Institute. 

Aug. 20—All day on Lake Timia- 
kaming. Leave at night for i orcu- 

Aug. 11.—Arrive Porcupine. Seen! 
day at Dome and Hollinger. 

Aug. 22.—Leave Timmins. Visiting 
Alexo nickel mine. Visit Swastika 
and Kirkland Lake. 

Aug. 23 .—Trip down Timagami 


It is felt that the revised trip will 
be of increased usefulness to members 
of the party and will even more fully 
cover the territory here. The revi¬ 
sion has been made as the experience 
of first trip dictated. v I 

^ ’ 'I ' ^ * 


Believes in Exclusion Laws in 
British Countries 


Colored Race* Tend to Lower Moral 
and Indnstrlal Fibre, Declares 
Director Kltson—Beat for Both to 
Keep Apart. 

"Yes, I am thoroughly in accord 
with the ‘White Australia’ policy,” 
said Mr. A. E. Kltson, the Director 
of the Geological Survey of the Gold 
Coast. Mr. Kltson, who is one of the 
most traveled men at the Geological 
Congress, Is eminently qualified to 
speak upon the subject of the colored 
races and the extent of the range of 
contact between the colored races and 

“Recently,” said Mr. Kltson, “the 
Earl of Selborne, who is President of 
the Pretoria Diocesan Association, ad¬ 
vised that native girls be trained to 
work as domestlo servants, not only 
for their own sake but for the sake 
of the country. ‘Doubtless you are 
aware,’ said Lord Selborne, ‘that in 
nearly all parts of Africa black men 
are employed as cooks, housemaids 
and nursemaids and the whole thing 
Is utterly wrong.’ 

“On the Guinea Coast, for in¬ 
stance,” said Mr. Kltson, “when white 
men first went there they, of course, 
i engaged black youths to do all their 
domestic duties for them, but latterly 
Europeans have taken their wives out 
there and these native youths are still 
doing duties which properly belong 
to native girls.” 

“What do you suggest as a reme¬ 

“Naturally the employment of na¬ 
tive girls for white women. There 
is something quite repugnant in the 
Idea of a male youth looking after- 
the clothes of white women, attending 
to baths and domestlo duties. The 
Australian authorities are to be 
heartily commended for keeping out 
the colored miner and machinist 
coolies of any country. They not 
only reduce the wages of white men, 
but tend to lower the morale of a 
country. It will be a long time be¬ 
fore equality in the matter of immi¬ 
gration can be granted to them.” 

“Rut would you preclude men such . 
as we have had at our Congress from 

Education the Test. 

“Certainly not. Any man who has 
been educated and who comes to 
bring and carry away useful informa¬ 
tion with him would and should be 
heartily welcomed not only as re¬ 
gard? himself, but because in that 
way knowledge will be disseminated. 
The Australian policy of restricting 
colored immigrants is one that has 
been jibed at in many parts of the 
world, but I feel sure that the men 
in Australia understand the conditions 
around them and are doing the right 

“Can you give instances of ilUef- 
fects in the matter of allowing col¬ 
ored races to enter any part of Great 
Britain or the colonies?” 

“I have seen and heard things in 
West Africa which should make Eng¬ 
lishmen in particular very careful in 
allowing these men to enter English 
ports. Boys living on the Kru Coast 
are engaged by the steamship lines 
as firemen. They arrive in Liverpool 
with money in their pockets, and they 
dress themselves in their best clothes 
and go ashore. What is the result? 
They return to the Coast with photos 
of English factory girls in their pock¬ 
ets, show letters they have received 
from them and boast of their con¬ 
quests across the sea in the most 
objectionable way. It has besides a 
pernicious influence upon the attitude 
of the ignorant natives of the coun¬ 
try towards the white people who 
govern them.” 

“Do you think Canada is likely to 
suffer in the West in the same way?” 

“I came here by way of- Australia 
and San Francisco, but from what I 
heard from reputable people In the 
West the conditions in British Col¬ 
umbia are in some respects worse 
than in Africa. You have there male 
Asiatic domestic servants who live in 
the same houses as the families do 
and mix freely with the whit© do¬ 

^yAdl’ ( { ]' 


After the ceremony of conferring 
degrees in Convocation Hall on Fri¬ 
day afternoon, at the university, the 
Chancellor, Sir William Meredith and 
the president. Dr. Falconer, with the 
mace carried in front of them, headed 
the procession to the quadrangle, 
where they received the guests in¬ 
vited to a garden party in honor of 
the International Geological Congress, 
by the board of governors of the 
University of Toronto. The band of 
the 12th York Rangers played the 
most delightful Scotch music on the 
terrace during the afternoon. A large 
marquee on the north side of the 
lawn accommodated the tea-tables, 
which were gay with scarlet gladioli. 
The members of the congress and 
their confreres in town had became so 
friendly that they were loth to say 
good-by, but many of them left for 
Vancouver, Montreal slnd various 
places last night, and many were the 
appointments made to meet in London 
at no very distant date. A few of 
those present were: Dr. and Mrs. 
Frank Adams, Montreal; Mrs Kerr, 
Mr. and Mrs. David Dunlap, Mr. and 
Mrs. Carlton, London; Mr. and Mrs. 
Graham Campbell, Dr. and Mrs. Ham, 
Dr. and Mrs. Vogt, Miss Garrett, Miss 
McLellan, Stratford; Mrs. Sweeny, 
Mrs. Thorburn, Mrs. and Miss Cross, 

For the past ten dhys the Interna¬ 
tional Geological Congress, numoer- 
ing over six hundred, have been in 
Toronto. Luncheons, dinners, gar¬ 
den-parties, and banquets have been 
daily en regie, and as this item goes 
to press, I hear the good-bye fete will 

'Rev. Ralph Bridges and Mrs. Bridges, 
New York; Miss Helen Merrill, Miss 
Brodigan, Mr. and Mrs. Tyndall, Dr. 
and Mrs. Strahan, London; Miss Mar¬ 
jorie McMurchy, Mr. and Mrs. Ger¬ 
hard Heintzman, Mrs. Willie Gwynne, 
Monsieur de Camps, Dr. and Mrs. 
Adams, Mr and Mrs. Murray Clark. 
Mrs. Macklem, Hon. J. J. Foy. Mr. and 

itv a tc|il 

Drector of the Geological Survey of the 
Gold Coast. 

take the form of a large garden-party 
In the quad, given on Thursday by 
the University Faculty. With the in¬ 
termediate exercise of “tapping” on 
north Yonge street, also over in Ham¬ 
ilton, probably our "kindness” in 
entertaining the international visitors 
will not turn out to be one of the 
quality that "kills.” 


Conversation in many tongues was 
heard last Friday evening on the 
grounds of the Royal Canadian Yacht 
Club. A number of the visiting geo¬ 
logists were invited by Commodore 
Jarvis, to the band concert given by 
the Grenadiers, and in compliment to 
the visitors the different National 
Anthems were part of the programme. 
Everything came in for its quota of 
admiration, but most of all the young 
girls who for an hour danced in the 
upstair dining-room, their beauty and 
grace impressing the foreigners—yes, 
and some of our middle-aged Toron¬ 
tonians, too. 

Some (ilstlnguished members of the 
International Geological Congress who 
attended the excursion to Royal Mus- 


Hotel, Muskoka 



French, Germany; Mrs- 



McL . 

. Gardner, Glasgow: 

R. P. 


Graham, McGill University, Montreal; 
M. J. Goldman, Johns Hopkins Uni¬ 
versity, Baltimore; Miss Goldman;, 
Miss A- Grutterink, Holland; P. J.’ 
Holden, professor geology and min¬ 
eralogy, Virginia; E. C. Hovey, Am¬ 
erican Museum of Natural History, 
New York City; J. P. Howley, direc¬ 
tor geological survey of St. John’s, 
Newfoundland; Mark Hurll, Glasgow; 
J. M. Hurll, Glasgow; B. Hobson, 
Sheffield; A. Keith, U. S. geological 
survey, Washington; R. Lachmann, 
Breslau, Germany; II. M- Luttman- 
Johnson, Petworth, England; L. Ml- 
chalon, Paris, France; Bedford Mc¬ 
Neill, president Institution Mining and 
Metallurgy, London, England. 

• * • 

Mrs. Bedford McNeil, Dr. and Mrs. 
Powell, Mr. Frank Arnoldi, Miss Fair, 
McColl, Mr. and Mrs'. Matthews, New 
Brunswick; Dr. and Mrs. Harley 
Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Bascom, Prof. 
Keys, Mrs. Palm, Dr. Corelli, ' Miss 
Addison, Mrs. Arthur Peplar, Mr. and 
Mrs. Roche, Mr. and Mrs. Godwin, 
Miss Culpepper, Virginia; Mrs. Pier¬ 
son, New Haven; Mr and Mrs. Freck, 
Germany; Mr. Kennedy, Miss Nairn, 
Dr. and Mrs. J. A. Macdonald, Mr. 
Goulding, Hon. W. H. Hearst, Prof. 
Raultke, Mr3. Morse, Dr. Zuber, Dr. 
Laing, Dr. Stolllng, Prof, and Mrs. 
Riener, Dr. Beck, Dr. and Mrs. Parks, 
Mr. and Mrs. Derward, London; Mrs. 
and Miss Heaven, Mr. Geo. Lindsay, 
Mr. Zaber Poland, Mr. John King, 
Mile. Ternier, M. Ternier, Dr. Riedel, 
Miss Coleman, Mr, and Mrs. Stanley 
Leckie, Mr. T. H. Plummer, Mr. Johp 
Ashworth Mr. D. R. Wilkie, Mr. and 
Mrs. Glackmeyer, M. Hoffman, Mr. 
and Mrs. J. D. Tyrrell, Dr. and Mrs. 
Eaton, Miss Scott. Miss Phillips, Miss 
McCallum, Miss Porte, Mr. and Mrs. 
Nerlick, Miss Gwen Cayley, Mr. and 
Mrs. Jack Falconbridge, Mr. and Mrs. 
R. \V. Brock, Ottawa; Dr. Alfred Bar- 
low, Ottawa; Dr. Coleman, Miss Cole¬ 
man, Mr. W. Maclnnes, Mr. W. Stan¬ 
ley Lecky, Ottawa; Mr. J. Keidel, 

Minister of Marine | 
On Way From Yukon 

■ t 

Sew Strike of Placer Gold is Reported 
Undoubtedly Rich. 

Skagway, Alaska, Aug. 15.—Hon. J. 
P. Hazen, Canadian Minister of Ma¬ 
rine, arrived from the interior yester¬ 
day and sailed south to-night. He 
has received the following telegram 
from Geo. Black, Governor of the 
Yukon, Dawson City: — 

“Dr. Cairns,' Dominion Geologist/ 
who has returned from White River 
and the Shushanna districts, reports 
that the new strike is undoubtedly 
rich. The known area is yet of 
necessity limited. 

“Gold had been found on four 
creeks. The formation is good for 
the deposit of gold. The claims ex¬ 
tend to the Canadian sidef. The 
Cairns party staked claims. I have ’ 
approved the Customs proposal to ex¬ 
pedite the movement of goods into 
the Shushanna. where they are great- 1 
ly needed. I strongly advise against 1 
men going in without supplies.’’ 

Mr. D. R. Wilkie gave a dinner at 
the York Club on Monday In honor of 
some members of the geological con¬ 


SvuJicwj ^»\M. 'cya 




Our Visitor* 


The guides to the first excursion 
from 1 the International Congress 
found such avidity for information 
anent Timiskaming that our visitors 
who arrive to-day will stay two 
whole days in Cobalt, will employ 
another in studying the rocks round 
Lake Timiskaming, and will visit 
Kirkland Lake as well as Porcupine 
as the regular portion of their trip. 

The alterations have been made 
owing to the experience of the wishes 
of the first excursionists. Science is 
a great unifier. Bulgaria has been 
crushed to the earth in defeat, yet 
that does not prevent a represents. 
tive of King Ferdinand from visiting 
Canada. It is to be notic¬ 
ed, however, that representa¬ 
tives of none of the other warring 
Balkan allies are included in the 

There is quite a large contingent 
from Russia and Professor Hoki of 
Japan is also of the party. The 
party is not so pronouncedly Anglo ] 
Saxon as the first and the yellow 
and green ribbons in the button 
holes, signifying that the wearers 
speaking German and French, will be 
much more prominent. There are 
very few Americans and only three 
Englishman, but the Canadians have 
taken even greater advantage of it 
than otf the trip preceding the Con¬ 

It is unfortunate that the excur¬ 
sions that should have returned from) 
the west via the Transcontinental 
should have been obliged to go back 
without seeing the silver and gold 
Sections of Northern Ontario. 

The Hon. Frank Cochrane and the 
Hon. W. H. Hearst will indeed go 
over the Transcontinental to Winni¬ 
peg, but the line is scarcely in such 
shape yet as to receive a heavy train 
of Pullmans such as the geologists 
travel in. 

\o\- ,(^ 3 


■to- iqi3 

Dawson Anticipates Another 
Stampede—Crowded Steam¬ 
ers Leave for Diggings 



Women Join in Rush—Brandy 
and Whisky Consigned to 
the Roadhouses 

The rush has really started for the 
White River and the Shushanna, ac¬ 
cording to the last issue of The Daw¬ 
son Weekly News. Arrivals at Daw¬ 
son from White Horse on August 
1st, reported the steamer Vidette pro¬ 
ceeding up the White with passengers 
and freight for the new strike. The 
Nasutlin was at the mouth of the 
river with the first full load of pas¬ 
sengers and outfits to go from Daw¬ 
son. All freight space on the lower 
deck was occupied, and a barge was 
pushed ahead on which were twenty 
poling boats, 13 horses, and numer¬ 
ous outfits, with standees in one por¬ 
tion for men. Thirty standees also 
were provided on the main deck of 
the steamer, and all state rooms were 

Old Timers on Board. 

The passengers included a good 
many old-time Dawsonites. One ship¬ 
ment of 40 tons of freight was going 
for men who have been in the camp 
for some time. The average outfit 
for others was 1,000 pounds. Those 
not taking horses had poling boats. 
The steamer will try to make the 
mouth of the Donjek, and to land the 
passengers there. 

Many dogs and sleighs were also 
on the boat, indicating the prepara¬ 
tions already being made for winter. 

The freight is typical of that for all i 
northern stampedes, and in the in- | 
terior the boat looked like that of a ! 
steamer leaving Seattle in ’97. Yukon 
stoves, picks, shovels, pans and the 
like were everywhere in evidence. 

Beer, Brandy, Whiskey. 

One outfit took several barrels of 
beer, some others had brandy, whis¬ 
key and goods for roadhouses. Only 
one man had candles. Two single 
women joined the stampeders, and 
; will hike for the diggings. One pe¬ 
culiar shipment was a barber chair, 
belonging to a stampeder who will go 
prepared to shave the wild and woolly 
j gold kings of the White and the Shus- 
j hanna. 

Dawson Alive Again. 

! Steamboat crews at Whitehorse had 
to load the Dawson, all the longshore¬ 
men having left for the new fields. 
Men of other crews have deserted and 
joined the muahers. The Yukon is 
alive again with golden rumors. Daw¬ 
son City has taken on a new lease of 
life. The logical base of supplies, 
merchants and storekeepers are alive 
to the commercial value of the rush 
and are preparing for a record busi¬ 

Repeated warning have been ut¬ 
tered by those fresh from the dig¬ 
gings against the danger of heading 
for the new fields without being well 
grub staked. It is made plain that 
grub cannot be laid down there save 
at heavy expense, and that little more 
can be done there this season by those 
now going in save to prospect. 



Worship Same God—the Everlasting 
Rocks.—Addresses at Cobalt 
Mining Institute > 

Very notable were some of the 
speeches by the eminent German pe- 
olog sts at Last night’s reception 'by 
the Cobalt branch of the Canadian 
Mining Institute. In view of the 
fact that these scientists arc chiefiy 
studied in the ore deposits’ in S&xcny 
most’ closely analogous to Cobalt 
the comparisons are of great import¬ 
ance to the mining industry here. Al¬ 
though seriously handicapped by be¬ 
ing obliged to speak in an alien 
tongue the German delegates most 
cheerfully and' courteously spoke at 
some length in order to give Cobalt 
mining men the value of their great 

The main feature of the programme 
was an exhibition of vein photo¬ 
graphs by Mr. A. A. Cole, with the 
aid of a lantern. These photographs 
are now recognized as unique in the 
history of mining photography and 
the visitors were most impressed with 
tlreir excellence. They cover every 
feature of the ore deposits of the 
camp, show the different veins in the 
various formations and tell most 
graphically and sin.ply the history 
of the ores of the camp. Mr. Cole 
also has figures with each photo¬ 
graph showing the number of ounces 
to the ton and the marvellous rich¬ 
ness of the ere. At the end of 'his 
lecture he was warmly thanked. 

Mr. E. V. Neelands, chairman of 
the Cobalt branch of the Canadian 
Mining Institute warmly welcomed 
the visitors. He said that men were 
naturally partial to their own kin 
and’ they felt that geologists and 
mining engineers belonged to the 
same family. They all worshipped 
the same household god, the ever¬ 
lasting rocks, although they special¬ 
ized along different lines. Without 
the geologist the miner would be 
often a,t a loss and without the miner 
the geologists would not be able to 
make more than a superficial exam¬ 
ination of the surlace of the rocks. 
He then called upon Dr. Beck, of 
Freiberg, Germany, to give them the 
benefit of his experience in the Sa.x- 
cny fields in comparison with Co¬ 

Dr. Beck paid a high tribute to 
the exoeHence of the lantern slides 
of Mr. Cole. He then went on to fay 
that the Saxony veins were very sim¬ 
ilar in many respects to the Cobalt 
deposits but they were not a’ikc in 
all details. 

In Germany the Cobalt ores were 
associated with large masses of gran¬ 
ite which was not the case in Co’bVR- 
The tin voins often changed into veins 
of galena with an important content 
of silver. In some cases it was pos¬ 
sible to notice that the same vein 
contained tin at one end and galena 
and silver at the other. Cobalt ores 
were found in another class of veins 
above the surface of the granite mas¬ 
ses. They had the same experience 
with the granite as some of the Co¬ 
balt mines had with the keewatin. 

When the veins encountered it they 
| contained little or no ore. The voins 
[ became poorer and poorer and could 
j not be worked in the granite at all. 
jin Schneeberg in their cobalt veins 
! they had niceolite, cobalt and bis-j 
ninth much as they had in the Co- j 
| bait camp, but they also had much 
j barite which was not common in the 
I ores in Canada. But he had been I 
j told by a mine manager that there 
! was plenty of barite in the veins in 
an outlying camp, which would give 
i another resemblance to the German 
i ores. They also in Germany had 
j many small veins and thev were very 
i rich. At the first discovery the Uer- 
! man ores were perhaps as rich as 
j those of Cobalt. The miners made a 
I table of solid native silver and ar- 
gentite and invited one of their 
i princes ro take lunch at their table, 
i There were still some pieces of that 
! famous ,-table in the Museum at Dres- 
j den. 

I “Perhaps,” concluded Dr. Beck, 
j amidst laughter, “you will have an 
I opportunity of making a table of sil- 
! ver for your king if he comes to Co- 
| bait.” 

Dr. John Paul Krusch, another 
famous authority on ore depositslsaid 
that he had been much interested in 
the veins he had seen to-day inas¬ 
much as they resembled the fields he 
was acquainted with. The principal 
difference he saw was that thev prin¬ 
cipally had rock in Germany while in 
Canada they principally had ore. 

Mr. Edward Rcngers Schoch, man¬ 
ager of the Rooiberg Minerals De¬ 
velopment Co., Transvaal, South 
Africa, said they heard a great deal 
about Cobalt in South Africa, but 
being an engineer he always liked to 
see for himself. Now he had seen 
and he must say that the reports had 
not been overstated, in fact they 
had been understated. As a mining 
engineer he was only an amateur 
geologist, but coming from a great 
mining field he had tried to compare 
conditions as regards management, 
efficiency and methods of work. And 
he could tell them that as the result 
of his experience he could say that 
the Canadian mining engineer- could 
hold his own. The mines in Cobalt 
seemed safe, well regulated, and well 
run. From the purely financial point 
of view the Canadians had nothing 
to be ashamed of. 

96 MV 


Distinguished Scientists 
Find Much to Interest 
Them Here 

The Canadian Pacific, have with 
characteristic thoroughness, provided 
their passengers with waiters who 
can speak nearly all the languages 
native to the members on the trip. 
While most of the Europeans are fine 
linguists, it rejoices them very much 
to be addressed r.i their dear home 

Mr. Edward Rengers Scoch, the 
manager of the Rooiberg Minerals 
Development company of the Trans¬ 
vaal, represents South Africa. He 
hae charge of the largest tin mine 
in South Africa. Many Cobalt men 
who have been on the Rand were 
chatting with him last night of mu¬ 
tual acquaintances. 

Dr. Reck, who with Dr. Miller, 
lunched with Mr. Hugh Park this 
afternoon, was very glad to meet 
Mr. Joseph Mandy, a graduate of 
Freiberg. Mr. Mandy is now the 
principal of the Cobalt Laboratory 
and Assay office on Silver St. 

It is understood that if it is at all 
possible the C2 excursion, one of 
those going to the west will be 
brough from Winnipeg over the Na¬ 
tional Transcontinental, as it was 
planned in the original programme. 
Major Leonard believes that it can 
be done, and v. it can it certaialy 
will. This will enable another group 

3 thT virtto™ $ ) % ttom, ,&.'&• 

. A. A. Colo QuaA, h.\ - IQ ' 3 . 

Today most of the 44 members of 
excursion C6 from the International 
Congress will visit mills 'and refining 
plants. They are all particularly 
anxious to sec the Nipiss'ing’s high- 
grade and low grade mills, where 
soma very interesting metallurgical 
problems have been worked out. 

Others, among them Dr. Beck of 
| Freiberg, arc too enthusiastic geolo¬ 
gists to visit the mills,and they will 
make still more complete their col¬ 
lection of specimens. 

This afternoon the whole party to spend a little time in Porcupine 
will bo taken out to the Kerr Lake and Cobalt, 
mines. Tonight an informal recep 
tion will he tendered to 
at the Masonic‘ Ha 11. Mr 
will repeat his illustrated lecture on 
the veins of the camp, and it is hop¬ 
ed that some of the visitors will be 
prevailed upon to give some impres¬ 
sions of their visit to Canada. 

Unlike the first excursion there are 
no ladies in the present party. Dr. 

Richard Beck, found a certain resem¬ 
blance to the Cobalt veins in certain 
European deposits. He and his fath¬ 
er and grandfather have been engag¬ 
ed in the mining of the Saxony ore 
deposits which so closely resemble 
the Cobalt camp. The mines are 
almost worked out, but the smelters 
have with long experience attained 
such a lead in the treatment of 
cobalt oxide ores, that they can af¬ 
ford to buy all over the world and 
make a good profit. I 

The demand for cobalt ore is in¬ 
creasing slowly but steadily. It is; 

! being used in the production of high-j 
class ware, and in conjunction with 
chromium and also in hardening 
steel. But there is no reliable indi- 

Minister Expects Mining 
Commission to be Named 


Now Here, 

cation that the market is going to Canada’s Mineral Wealth As¬ 
tounds Eminent Geologists 

expand so that it will be a very pro¬ 
fitable side product for the Cobalt 
operators. All the members of the 
excursion are making copious notes 

for reference when they return. Theii ______ 

lockers and boxes in the baggage van 
are also being rapidly filled with 

specimens of rock all carefully wrap- The Dominion government is doing 
ped up and filed away. all that is within its power to encour- 

Dr. Tadassau Hiai, professor of a g e z j nc m ining industry in Koot- 
Geology and Mineralogy for the Im- ena y an( ] jt j s w ith that idea in view 
i perial Institute at Kyoto, Japan, is j s w jtp the co-operation of the 

talcing great pains to obtain the British Columbia government, about to 
most complete notes of the district, commence experiments with a new 
There is nothing escapes him. Nor is electrical method of obtaining ziuc 
it only rocks that engage hit atten- spelter, said Hon Louis Coderre, min- 

tion but the sociological aspects of »ter of mines who arrived m the city 
tion, out tue „! last evening in company witn the 

During the last session of the house 
R. F. Green, member for Kootenay, 
had kept the matter much to the fore 
and had spoken at every opportunity 
to R. W. Brock, director of the geo¬ 
logical branch of the mines depart¬ 
ment and leader of tile present ex¬ 
cursion, and to himself on the possi¬ 
bilities of the zinc mining industry 
of Kootenay, stated Mr. Coderre. 

Not satisfied with the small experi¬ 
ments alone, Dr. Eugene Haanel and 
Mr. Ingalls had succeeded in obtain¬ 
ing permission to conduct large exper¬ 
iments at the Nelson smelter, the use 
of which the British Columbia gov¬ 
ernment had offered gratis. 

Mr. Coderre stated that-- he was 
pleased to be able to stay in Nelsqn 
and meet tile men vitally interested 
in the matter and he hoped and ex¬ 
pected that his conference this morn¬ 
ing with the council of the board of 
trade and the mining men would prove 
of much value to him and to the gov¬ 
ernment. . ' 

The geological congress and the ex¬ 
cursions which are being made 
throughout the country are arranged 
at a considerable expense to the coun¬ 
try, hut they will be of immense value 
to the Dominion at large and particu¬ 
larly to the mining districts, said Mr. 
Coderre. Forty-six nations are repre¬ 
sented in the party, he said, and some 
of these are official representatives 
from their countries, who will make 
reports of their trip, and he felt sure 
that their reports would be glowingly 
favorable, judging from the extreme 
surprise shown by the members of 
the party at the wonderful natural 
resources and especially the mines of 
the country. The excursions were be¬ 
ing enjoyed very much by all. 

Expects Royal Commission. 

On his return to Ottawa early next 
month Mr. Coderre said be expected 
to see the royal commission to in¬ 
vestigate mining conditions in the 
"west appointed, as had been asked. 

On the trip through the Crows’Nest 
pass the party visited the coal mines 
at Bull River, Maple Creek, Hillcrest, 
Corbin, Coleman, Coal Creek and 
Fernie and had found that those mines 
were full of promise, said Mr. Coderre, 
especially the mine at Corbin, where 
a seam was open 185 feet deep. It 
proved a unique sight to the geolo¬ 
gists, he said, similar to which they 
claimed to have seen jiothing else¬ 
where in the world. 

It was his first trip west of Winni¬ 
peg and he was delighted with the 
country, its resources and prospects, 
and his eyes had been opened as re¬ 
gards the west, which he now saw in 
an altogether new light. He would 
1 carry back with him a. new impression 
I of the vast Dominion of Canada. He 
expected to return better physically 
and intellectually from his trip. 

Speaking of his trip on Kootenay 
lake he was struck with the large culti¬ 
vated. areas along the lake shore and 
with the evident signs of prosperous 

Nelson, dressed in its brilliant elec¬ 
tric lights, appealed to him very much 
and De was delighted with what he 
had seen of the city. 

Mr. Coderre is accompanied by 
Madame Coderre; his sister, Miss Co¬ 
derre; Madame Falardeau, his two 
sons, Louis and Charles, and E. Para¬ 
dis, his private secretary. 

This morning he will meet the 
council of the board of trade and the 
mining men of the district to discuss 

the North Country appeal to him al¬ 
most as strongly. 

party of about 100 members of the In¬ 
ternational Geological congress. 

matters concerning the welfare of the 
mining industry, and the party will 
leave r by special train this afternoon 
for Ponnington. ffom which point Mr. 
Coderre’s special car Lorien will be 
picked up by the coast train this eve¬ 
ning and the party will proceed to 

Geologists Arrive. 

The geological party arrived on the 
steamer Nasookin last evening, having 
been met by a deputation from the 
Nelson board of trade at Kootenay 

Immediately on arriving lie party 
was conducted to the .publici y bureau, 
where the mineral display from all 
parts of the Kootenay and Boundary 
country had been placed cn exhibit 
to good advantage. Many expressions 
of delighted surprise were heard in 
the building from many of the geolo¬ 
gists, who closely examined the ex¬ 
hibits from each district. 

Guided by Mr. Brock, who is leader 
of the party, H. E. T. Haultain and 
H. Frechette, who act in the capacity 
of secretaries, the party then pro¬ 
ceeded to the Strathcona hotel, where 1 
an informal social evening was spent 

and refreshments served. 

The foreign members of the party 
are astonished with what they have 
seen on their journey, said Mr. Haul- 
tain in discussing the tr.ip. “The Can¬ 
adian Pacific railway has treated us 
royally, there having been not the 
slightest hitch, fault or flaw during 
our trip across the Dominion. 

Mr. Sturdu, from the general pas¬ 
senger agent’s office in Montreal, has 
accompanied the party throughout the 
journey in order look after its wants 
and to' see that nothing is left undone 
for the comfort of the party. 

Make Thorough investigation. 
Geological guides from the survey 
at Ottawa are with the party and all 
the geological features en ro/;e aie 
inspected and studied, nor do the vis¬ 
itors confine their investigations to 
geology as in each locality a search¬ 
ing enquiry is made into the social 
and economic conditions of the coun¬ 
try. Lectures are given on varied 
topics on the train and all matters ot 
interest concerning the district being 
traversed are fully discussed. 

The geologists inspected the Crows 
Nest coal mines and were greatly Im¬ 
pressed with them, particularly at 
Ccrbin, the showing there being look-; 
ed upon as one of the best en route , 
Included in the party are; Bedford; 
McNeil, president of the Institute 01 
Mining and Metallurgy, London; J. B. 
Terrill the Toronto explorer, geologist 
and mining engineer, and John Ash- 
worth, president of the Manchester' 
Geological and Mining society. 

Mr Ashworth is of the opinion tuat 
Canada, and particularly British Co¬ 
lumbia, is on the verge of a, great eia 
of mining prosperity, in which he is 
keenly interested. 

During last evening the city hand 
played on the balcony of the Strath¬ 
cona hotel, where the geologists were 
entertained and registered during 

their stay. , .. 

The party’s train reached the city 
about 10 o’clock last evening and the 
party will leave at 4 o’clock this morn¬ 
ing for the Boundary, where they win 

conduct further investigations. 

Mr. Haultain is a former Nelson res¬ 
ident, having been interested inthe 
mining industry here around 1- H- 

t) oAj. W«rt' ic^i3. 

Geologists Visit Boundary 
Minister Sees Power Plants 

Accompanied by a party of the 
members of the board of trade, Hon. 
Louis Codez-re, secretary of state and 
minister of mines in the federal cab¬ 
inet, and a number of the members ' f 
the geological congress, visited Bon- 
nington Falls and Creel Lodge at 
Slocan Junction by special train yes¬ 
terday afternoon. 

The party visited the big power 
plant of the West Kootenay Power & 
Light company and saw the big falls, 
where thousands of horsepower of 
latent energy lie at the disposal of the 
district, the minister being particu¬ 
larly struck with the great benefit that 
the power which it is possible to de¬ 
velop at that point would be to the 
mining industry of Kootenay and the 

The party was shown over the plant 
by officials of the power company, and 
every point of interest in connection 
with the big electrical works was 
thoroughly explained. The minister 
showed a great keenness to familiarize 
himself with the intricate machinery 
that is used by the company to de¬ 
velop the 20,000 horsepower of elec¬ 
tricity to which 9000 additional horse¬ 
power is soon to be added. 

Very much were the minister and 
his party struck with the beauty of 
the scenery along the Kootenay river, 
particularly in the vicinity of the falls 
and the Slocan pool, and the interest 
in this feature of the trip was only 
overridden by the interest in the vast 
possibilities of the development of 
power at Bonnington Falls. 

After visiting the power plant, the 
party went to Creel Lodge at Slocan 
Junction, where refreshments were 
provided. The minister remained at 
the junction in his car and left last 
evening for Rossland. The Nelson 
party returned to the city on the 
Boundary train. 

See Largest Copper Smelter. 

(.Special 10 Thtj Uallv JN ewa.j 

GRAND FORKS, B. C., Aug. 21 — 
Seventy-five members of the geologi¬ 
cal congress and a large number of 
ladies arrived in the city this morning 
on a special over the Canadian Pacific 
from Nelson. 

The party, which is making a tour 
of the Dominion, is under the guid¬ 
ance of R. W. Brock and O. E. Leroy 
of the department of mines, Ottawa. 
The train, which was composed of nine 
Pullman dining and baggage cars, was 
the finest equipped ever seen in this 
section of the country. 

The party was met at the new union 
depot by-a committee of citizens and 
escorted to autos, ample accommoda¬ 
tion being provided, and was taken 
for a drive through the valley. The 
visitors inspected the fruit orchards, 
which at the present time are looking 
at their best, the autos landing them 
at the Granby smelter, where they 
spent some time in looking over and 
examining the largest copper reduc¬ 
tion works in the British empire, un¬ 
der the guidance of Superintendent 
Bishop and the office staff. 

Possibilities Impress Visitors. 

About 11 o’clock the members of 
the congress and their wives boarded 
the special train, which had been run 
up to the smelter, for Phoenix, where 
they will inspect tile larger produc¬ 
ing mines of the district, after which 
they will drive down the hill to Green¬ 
wood to look over the smelter of the 
(British Columbia Copper company. 

The party, which represents many 
nations, was very favorably impressed 
with the possibilities of the district, 
one prominent Britisher stating that 
in all the tour of the Canadian west 
he had not witnessed a city where 
better inducements were offered for 
the establishment of a large number 
of industries. 

The special passed through the city 
tonight on its way to Oastlegar, and 
will carry the distinguished visitors 
to Trail, where they will inspect The 
large smelting works of the Consoli¬ 
dated company tomorrow morning, 
visiting the mines at Rossland in the 
afternoon, returning to Castlegar to¬ 
morrow evening and taking the boat j 
for Arrowhead and going on to the 
I coast. 

See Granby Glory Hole. 

] to The ^ilv N JeT T ' c ' ^ 

PHOENIX. B. C.. Aug. 21—The spe¬ 
cial train carrying the 75 delegates of 
the International Geological congress, 
jWho have elected to make a study of 
matters geological in the Boundary 
district, steamed into this city at 
12:45 o’clock today. The party dis¬ 
embarked at the Rawhide mine and 
made its way on foot over the hill via 
the Grey Eagle claim, to the west 
1 side of the “glory hole” of the Cpanby 
1 mine. About half of the party en¬ 
tered the mine and was shown over 
the various workings by the superin¬ 
tendent, Charles M. Campbell, assist¬ 
ed by a number of officials of the 
Granby company. 

The other half elected to make a 
tour of the surface and examine the 
geology around and adjacent to the 
Granby claims, ds well as those of 
the British Columbia Copper company, 
including the Brooklyn and Stemwind- 
er properties. 

Lunch was served in the large din¬ 
ing room of the Granby hotel and at 
5 o’clock the scientists left for Green¬ 
wood, where a visit to the British 
Columbia Copper company’s smelter 
took place. Quite a, number, however, 
elected to take advantage of the ex¬ 
cellent weather and made the trip to 
the valley on foot. While the men of 
the party were engaged in their geo¬ 
logical pursuits, the women of the 
party to the number of six were pleas¬ 
antly entertained bv Mrs. Campbell, 
wife of the Granby company’s super¬ 
intendent, assisted by a number of 
local women. 

The visitors before leaving ex¬ 
pressed their pleasure for the cour¬ 
tesies extended by the officials of the 


tt-IC|i3. UcJU' 





Much Interested in Their , Ask Through the Nugget 
Visit to the Goldfields To Thank aM who Made 

Their Stay Enjoyable 

{From Nugget Representative.) 
commence a second busy day exam¬ 
ining goldfields the geological con¬ 
gress excursionists this morning spent* 
two hours at the nickel property of 
the Alexo Mines. The formation and 
general conditions were noted and 
the mining methods by the infant 
nickel company discussed. 

Yesterday was an extremely busy 
day for the visitors, when they visit¬ 
ed thir first gold camp of the north 
in the Porcupine district. Rising 
early the members had scattered to 
various surface showings of the Big 
I Dome mines, before eight ojclock. 
The “gfory hole” was a point of in¬ 
terest, while the geologists found 
many interesting features in the gen¬ 
eral surface formation. The hundred 
foot level was visited and after¬ 
wards a trip of inspection made 
through the mill. 

In the afternoon the Hoilinger was 
the scene of the studies of the party 
and in addition nearly two miles of 
underground workings were shown 
the visitors on various levels. There 
was a wild scramble for gold samf 
pies during the day the result of 
which meant the sorting over of 
various dumps at the two mines and 
nearly every member returned with 
a sample of Porcupine gold in its 
native state 1 . This afternoon the 
party will visit Kirkland Lake and 
Swastika districts, but a heavy rain 
now falling may mar the day to 
some extent. 

Taanks Of Geologists 

Swastika, Aug. 22. 
Editor Daily Nugget, 


Dear Sir,—Wc foreign geolo¬ 
gists left Cobalt with the feel¬ 
ing of heartiest thanks for the 
kindness of all the inhabitants 
of your town. The hospitality 
which wo found everywhere will 
never let us forget the inter¬ 
esting days spent in the fam¬ 
ous silver centre. 

Yours sincerely, 

Royal Bcrgkademic Rekarat, 
Freiberg, Saxony, 


‘‘We were more than satisfied with 
what we saw at Cobalt on our visit 
there this week,” stated Dr. Richard 
Beck, Rektor der Kgl. Bcrakadcmie, 
Freiberg, Germany, in an interview 
with a Nugget representative at 
Swastika last night, after the well 
known German geologist had return¬ 
ed ifrom a visit to the Kirkland lake 


‘‘What arc your impressions of 
Kirkland Lake,” queried the reporter 
and the answer received was ‘‘Very, 
very promising.” Dr. Beck stated j 
that he had never seen so rich an 1 
ore as that being mined in the new 
camp, while the fact that so many 
surface veins with free gold showings 
argued well for the district, and 
made, it appear to he one of the 
greatest prospects he had ever known. 
Porcupine with its large veins also 
impressed Dr. Beck and other Ger¬ 
man gelogists greatly and the recep¬ 
tion they received in these camps 
and Cobalt would always be remem¬ 
bered by them. 

‘‘I want the Daily Nugget to ex¬ 
press the, thanks of the foreign geol¬ 
ogists to all those who so kindly 
assisted us in every way in your 
northern mining camps," stated Dr. 
Berk, who like all other foreign visi¬ 
tors was enthusiastic over the recep-j 
I, ions at. all points visited. 

‘‘One impression which struck me 
forcibly,” continued the doctor, 
"was the number of young mining 
engineers and mining geologists who 
are, at work in the camips of this 
|section. They are working with all 
the up-to-date methods of science and 
it argues well for a camp when so 
many young energetic men arc at the 
head of affairs.” 

The tellurides Kirkland Lake re 
semible the tellurides in Bohemia near 
Gaissejovic, the only point in the Ger¬ 
man Empire where telluride shows 
gold value. While the occurrence of 
the ores is similar to the German 
product does not carry gold in the 
same grade quantities in the Kirk¬ 
land section. There is only one gold 
mine in Germany, although in Aus¬ 
tria and Bohemia there are several 
working properties, all on a low 
grade basis. 

98 ^VuuSA.. &m<j.« ^3 - \C^3 * 


Geologists Much Impressed With Visit 
To Porcupine and Kirkland Lake 

Seventy-five Scholars from all Quarters 
of the Globe Visit The Rossland Mines. 
Will Return With Lasting Impressions. 

Favorable impressions' of: Northern 
Ontario gold camps will always re¬ 
main fresh in the memories of the 
members of the geologists Congress 
excursion C.G after the two-dav in¬ 
spections- at the Porcupine and Kirk¬ 
land lake fields. Thursday was spent 
in the older of the camps, while yes¬ 
terday was devoted to a trip to the 
Kirkland lake district, where the 
geologists were more than surprised 
at the abundance of native gold to 
be seen in the veins. 

The fact that a. downpour of rain 
kept up during the afternoon and 
evening did not dampen the ardor of 
these men in seeing Kirkland, At 
Swastika, station a number of rigs 
were in waiting and of the party only 
three preferred to remain with the 
train. The party managed to arrive 
at the mine over the seven-mile road 
without being drenched, but returning 
in the evening the rainfall was ex¬ 
ceptionally heavv and all the mem¬ 
bers of the party although provided 
with waterproof coats, were soaked. 

Dr. E. Howe, Newport, R.I., a min- 
ing engineer specializing in gold ores, 
described his visit to the Tough-Oakes 
in a) manner which showed that he wa3 
an enthusiast of the first order for 
the new camp. “No one could make 
me believe such ore existed if I had 
not seen it,” he stated, as he gazed 
on the gold showings at the 100-foot 
level in the vein and wall. He char¬ 
acterized the vein as being the most 
I remarkable, and richest he had ever 
seen and added that he had been in 
many mining camps. 

Other geologists and mining engin¬ 
eers were impressed in a like manner 
and they braved the rain to walk 
around the surface and be shown 
other veins on the Tough-Oakes as 
well as the Burnside, Wright Har¬ 
graves and other properties in the 
immediate section. The men were 
gazing at veins with exceptionally 
rich surface showings and the- forma¬ 
tion in which these ore bodies oc¬ 
curred was the subject of much dis¬ 

The entire part- were taken under¬ 
ground at the Tough-Oakes to the 
1'00-foot level. Here the sixtv mem¬ 
bers of the party posed for their 
photographs taken by G. A. Smith 
of Hftil&ybury with the main vein 
as tji£ background. Nearly half an 
hoiir-jwafi spent inspecting the vein 
and formation and the visitors took 
a deiiijjhit in picking out gold show¬ 
ings jn the veins by means of the 

Realizing; that the delegates would 
enjoy A few "sanfpies of gold, Manager 
Charles O’Connell had a skip load of 
samples from the 200 foot level 
hoisfod to the-surface and put on 
the dumps. “T|et us see what good 
high-graders you are,” stated the 
manager as the party made a bee 
line foy; the samples. 

Camp pinner was served at the ming 
I and after the meal Dr. Miller took 
the opportunity to thank Mr. -O’¬ 
Connell for the reception he had 
given -the visitors during the day. 
He referred to Mr. O’Connell’s work 
in the; (pobalt camp since its earliest 
days and of the excellent work which 
he had done. Mr. O’Connell made a 
suitable reply and thanked the party 
on behalf of his chief, Mr. Foster, for 
visiting the district. 

The engineers found in Porcupine 
and Kirkland a vast difference. 'At 
the former camp large bodies of ore 
running to $50,0-0 a ton were seen, 
while in the newer camp the veins 
were inclined to be smaller hut richer. 
The formation was different too and 
; it was studied extensively. At the 
Dome mines on Thursday morning an 
interesting portion of the visit was 
the inspection of the “glory hole,” 
where the original discovery is being 
j broken down and then ra*is-ed to the 
[ mill through the incline from the 
j hundred foot level. The entire sur- 
! face was inspected and the various 
I formations visited and explained by 
I prof. Burrows. 

Many hundred feet of workings at 
the 100 foot level were also inspected) 
! while the mill was visited. 

Jn the afternoon the members spent 
nearly two hours underground at the 
Hollinger mines. Almost every 
working on the 100-foot level was 
shown and many faces also visited 
at the- 200 feet a.nd 300 feet. The 
mill here was inspected and the 
party taken on the dumps where 
many samples of gold were secured 
by various members. The Porcupine 
Grown Property was also visited by 
some of the party. Last night after 
the return from Kirkland Lake the 
party remained for some time dis¬ 
cussing what they had seen during 
i the day, including the visit to the 
Alexo nickel mine at Iroquois Falls 
during the morning and every one was 
I greatly impressed with the possibili¬ 
ties for the gold production of Tim- 
iiskaming district. The high grade 
i vein at the Alexo was considered by 
1 many to loom into a heavy producer. 1 * 
Mr. Fanning, a .mining engineer, 
representing.- the American Govern¬ 
ment in the Philipines took an espe¬ 
cial interest in the gold mining of 
the north country and he inspected 
carefully all the mills visited as well 
as the mines themselves. He consid¬ 
ered Kirkland as the highest grade 
proposition he had ever seen, while 
the large deposits, of Pdrcupine meant 
to him a great production. t 

'Hie citizens of Posslaud extend to 
rtie members of the International Geo¬ 
logical Congress and the ladies a 
hearty welcome. Tthese noted special¬ 
ists will return to their- respective 
countries with lasting impressions of 
j the various points in British Columbia. 
In Posslaud, particularly, they will be 
impressed with the complexity of the 
geological structure and its intimate 
bearing upon the character and extent 
of tlie ore depoits upon which the life 
of a milling camp depends. While 
ordinarily, the years of such a camp 
are limited, tlie promising showings of 
unprospected ore shoots in the Poss- 
land hills indicate that tlie extraction 
of ore is really in its earJy stages, 
and much may be expected of the 
future. Tlie visitors were delighted 
with a mining camp that produces such 
an abundance of beautiful flowers as 
was displayed at tlie luncheon, and 
with tlie luxurious vegetation and 
picturesque gardens along the line to 
Posslaud. They viewed with interest 
the vast timber resources which enter 
so intimately into tile prosecution of 
mining, and the splendidly model'll 
methods of timbering tlie big, under¬ 
ground workings. Altogether, they 
saw much to please them in a camp 
that has produced $58,01 D.OCO in metal 
values, with a yield of. f2&,(XX),000 to 
tile credit of one mine alone. 

The party, consisting of 75 members 
and nine ladies, visited the Trail 
smelter early in the day and were 
met at Trail by l>r. iirysdaie, .Mayor 
Deschanips, M. E. Purcell and G. A. 
Rafferty. They arrived shortly before 
noon, witli W. P. Brock, director of 
tlie geological department at Ottawa, 
who briefly outlined tlie geological feu- 


_ Vi _ | | 


Entertained at Luncheon at Same 

Time as Men of Geological 

While the members of the geological 
congress were enjoying each other’s 
and their hosts’ company at a luncheon 
given in their honor at the Alexandra 
club to-day. the ladies of the party 
were the guests of the government as 
represented by several hostesses at a 
smaller luncheon held in the dining¬ 
room of the club upstairs, about thirty- 
five guests sitting down at the pretty 
tables with their decorations of sweet 
Peas and gypsofila. 

The party was characterized by no 
speech - making, and the proceedings 
were delightfully informal. Mrs. Bow¬ 
ser presided at the head of the table, 
on her right being Mrs. Paterson, wife 
of the lieutenant-governor, and on her 
left Mrs. Adams, wife of President 
Adams. Others at the tables included 
Mrs. Eberts, Mrs. Henry Croft, Mrs. J. 

A. Macdonald, Mrs. Shallcross, Mrs. 

times of the surrounding hills. They 
tiien proceeded to the rink, where 
they were guests at luncheon of the 
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co., 
and were welcomed, on behalf of the 
city, by Mayor Deschanips. After 
luncheon tlie ladies were driven about 1 
the city aud the members were taken 
over the route outlined for an examiu-j 
atiou of the surface and underground 
workings of the mines. 

In his address, Mayor Deschamp# 

"As Mayor of Posslaud, and on be¬ 
half of tlie citizens. 1 am delighted to 
welcome you to our city. And, while 
here, we want you to he one of us, 
and to feel iierfectl.v at home. I want 
to tell you that we are much honored 
by your visit. The provision made for 
your entertainment is very simple, 
but is extended with a full heart. The 
mountains which you have come to 
visit, and which surround us. have 
produced a good many millions of 
dollars in gold, silver and copper. As 
men learned in geological forma¬ 
tions, we hope you will find enough 
evidences in these mountains to en¬ 
courage our operators to double their 
efforts and to induce the outside world 
io come and help us in further de¬ 

in the afternoon tlie ladies of tlie 
party were tendered a reception at 
Pie Uosland Club, and at dinner the 
members were cared for at tlie various 
hotels. They then gathered lor tne 
evening at the Posslaud Club, and 
left by special train at 9:45 for the 
trip up the lakes. eu-l'Oute to llie Kam¬ 
loops district. 

The ladies were entertained in the 
evening at tlie home of .Mrs, 

- 1 5 

Prior, Mrs. Butchart, Mrs. Fleet Rob¬ 
ertson, Mrs. McGregor Young, Mine. 
Bourgeron, Mme. Roy, Mrs. Schofield, 
and Miss Dawson, all of whom were on 
the reception committee, and the fol¬ 
lowing members of the geological con¬ 
gress: Mrs. L. Carey, Mrs. E. C. Case, 
Mrs. Coderre (wife of the minister of 
mines, Ottawa), Miss Coderre, Mrs. C. 
W. Drysdale, Miss M. Ewald, Mrs. 
Callardeau, Mrs. L. L. Fermor (India), 
Mrs. B. E. Fernow, Mrs. O. S. Finnie, 
Miss E. Grego . , Dr. Anna Grutterinck, 
Miss Li Hatch, Mrs. H. E. Haultain, 
Miss A. Heine, Mrs. A. C. Lane, Mrs. 
F. B. Peck, Mrs. P. D. Quensel, Dr. C. 
A. Raisin, Mrs. A. M. E. Rathger, Miss 
M. M Fermier, and Mrs C. W. Wright. 

Mrs. Bowser, who wore a becoming 
gown of saxe blue with golden brown 
velvet trimmings, welcomed the ladles 
as they arrived, Mrs. Paterson also 
wearing a very handsome frock of 
flowered blue silk with lace trimming 
and a black hat with blue plume. The 
ladles of the geological party are being 
entertained with the other members of 
the congress at the garden party at 
Government House this afternoon. 



This remarkable picture, snapped by a postcard camera, is simply the result of a twice-exposed fill 
nd its author, Harold McCoque, Pinelands, Muskoka, gets the first prize of $5. It shows a couple canoeing i 
group on the Belmont bowling green. 

The above picture was taken at the beaut 
our conceptions of the world’s formation, and its * 
included about a score of ladies, members either 

aXtu. c\ ■ ' 1, ° at 

XtML- lb* 

from Vancouver, and at once 
entered waiting tally-hos for a drive 
round the city, che two parties being 
reunited at the Alexandra Club for the 
luncheon tendered them by the pro¬ 
vincial government. 

Party C 2, the section which reached 
the city yesterday, spent the morning 
examining the stratification at Albert 
iuvvu- ---- Head, making the journey by automo 

Both Parties of International b , iIea - The particular geological 


Congress Spend 
Day in City 

j Influential as was the party which 
jarrhed in the city yesterday from the 
■International Geologists Congress 
under Dr. R. W. Brock's leadership, 
those who came to-day were men of 
even more widely known talents in 
their profession, including some of the 
great names of science. They arrived 
under the direction of Dr. F. D. Adams, 
president of the congress, on the night 

phenomena in the vicinity of Albert 
Head is particularly interesting to 
scientists, and the quarrying oper¬ 
ations for the breakwater have ex¬ 
posed matter of considerable interest. 

In this morning's party were some 
of the best known of the visiting scic n- 
tlsts, as well as representatives of the 
geological survey of Canada, whose 
leading members, together with those 
that have already arrived, are all now 
in the city. 

Among to-day’s party were Dr. 
Henry M. Ami, of the palaeontological 
division of the geological survey; Pro¬ 

fessor Helge M. Baekstrom, of Dju - 
sholm. Sweden, who was one of the six 
distinguished visitors honored with the 
doctorate of philosophy at McGill Uni¬ 
versity; Professor Alfred Harker, of 
St. John’s College, Cambridge, another 
of the visitors so honored; Dr. Flor¬ 
ence Bascom, professor of geology at 
Bryn Mawr, Pensylvania, the most 
prominent woman geologist in 
America; Dr. Alfred E. Barlow, presi¬ 
dent of the Canadian Mining Insti¬ 
tute; Professor John Horne, of Edin¬ 
burgh; Dr. W. F. Hume, representing 
the Institute Egyption, in Cairo; Dr. 
T. J. Jehu, of St. Andrew’s University, 
Edinburgh; Professor Charles Jv. 
Leith, who holds the chair of geology 
at the University of Wisconsin; Dr. 
Andrew Lawson, professor of geology 
and mineralogy in the University of 
California, and Dr. Lewis L. Fermor, 
a delegate of the government of India, 
from Calcutta. 

This afternoon the tw i parties were 
guests of Lieut.-Governor and Mrs. 

Paterson, at Government House. 

Party C 2 leaves to-night, and party 
C 1 will return to Vancouver on the 
afternoon boat to-morrow, In order to 
take the daylight passage. 

It has been arranged that the mem¬ 
bers of Cl excursion will to-morrow bo 
given an opportunity to see the stratifi¬ 
cation at Albert Head, as the other 
party did to-day. So short has been 
the time given in the rush across Can¬ 
ada that Victoria is specialty honored 
in having this day known as “Victoria 
Day" and set aside exclusively for the 
purpose of seeing Victoria. 

The polyglot character of the gather¬ 
ing could be noticed In the languages 
spoken. There was a professor from 
the University of Athens, three from 
St. Petersburg, several from Germany, 
France, and Austria, and from such 
distant countries as India and Egypt. 
Numbered in the party is a prominent 
engineer from Indo-Chlna. 

observed very rapidly, In that it is not 
likely to be followed by the influx of 

First Party Arrived Yesterday 
—Interesting View of Pos¬ 
sible Effects Upon Canada 
by Prominent Member. 

The geological invasion happened 
yesterday with the arrival of’the party 
designated “C2,” and from the 'flour of 
their arrival till late at night the mem¬ 
bers of it were kept busy sight-seeing 
and being generally entertained. Tally- 
hos met the steamer at the wharf in 
the afternoon, culled them as they 
stepped from the gangway, and at once 
proceeded to enlighten them as to the 
beauty spots of Victoria by taking them 
round the circular route. 1^ was late 
in the afternoon before they discovered 
their rooms at the Empress Hotel, and 
then Immediately after dinner a num¬ 
ber of private parties went off to the 
various clubs, whither they had been 
freely invited, and thus left the gen¬ 
eral headquarters considerably de¬ 

In all there were over sixty of the 
original “C2” party in the city, but 
even at that there was a casualty list 
which accounted for the absence of 
some. For instance, Mr. J. McEvoy. 
the associate leader of the party, was 
taken ill on the trip West, and when 
he arrived in Vancouver it was found 
that he was suffering from pneumonia, 
and in consequence he had to be left 
in the Vancouver Hospital. Dr. H. E. 
Boeke, a noted German geologist 
dropped out at Rossland, unable to con¬ 
tinue the trip. He will be picked up 
on the way back. The other party, 
“Cl," which arrived today, also suffered 
a casualty on the way here, Dr. Cole¬ 
man. of Toronto University, breaking 
a small bone in his leg while coming 
down the mountains at Field. He was 
also left at Vancouver to undergo an 
X-ray examination. 

Not the least interesting feature of 
the day’s proceedings was the trip 
which about seven of the geologists took 
to Nanaimo in the afternoon, with a 
view to having a look at the geological 
facings of the country in the strike 
district. Of course arrangements for 
this little side-trip were made before¬ 
hand, so that the party had no difficulty 
with preliminaries. On arriving at 
Nanaimo last night, they were to re¬ 
port to the mine owners, with a view 
to having an opportunity of studying 
at first hand the products of the Van¬ 
couver Island mines. Among the mem¬ 
bers of the party the greatest possible 
interest was evinced in the coal and 
mineral possibilities of the Island, and 
many of them expressed their regret 
that the shortness of their visit made 
it impossible for them to pay closer- 
attention to this interesting topic. 

Benefits Canada 

An interesting interview as to the pos¬ 
sible effects of the Congress' excursions 
throughout the Dominion was given The 
Colonist last night by Mr. J. B. Tyrrell, 
of Toronto, one of the most distin¬ 
guished mining engineers of the country. 
"This is an excursion of geologists,” he 
said, "and not politicians or speculators, 
and it is not to be expected that the 
results or effects of this visit will be 

capital or anything- of that sort; but 
at the same time, I believe that this 
visit of geologists will be of far more 
lasting good to the country than any 
visitation that the Dominion has ever ; 

“Every man in this party is a student 
of geology. A great many of them are 
professors, and those who are not are 
practitioners in one form or another, 
so that the subject they are investi¬ 
gating is of paramount interest to all 
of them. We have no camp followers 
to divert attention from the main issue. 
In organizing these parties we excluded 
everyone not actively interested in the 
science of geology, either theoretically 
or practically, and the result is that you 
have here today a body of men, per¬ 
haps the most intelligent body of men 
that have ever visited the country, 
making a close and personal study of 
your geological features, not for pur¬ 
poses of speculation but simply for 
purposes of education and general self- 
instruction. From the point of view of 
the business man I think this excursion 
is the best advertisement that the Do¬ 
minion ever had. Just consider the 
number of professors of geology that 
are here from all parts of the civilized 
, world, and in conjunction with that 
thought consider what geology really 
means to the country as a whole. You 
all know that the mineral wealth of 
this section is tremendous, how tre¬ 
mendous you have no real conception 
of. And naturally it is desirous that 
it should be known as widely as pos¬ 
sible. Can you imagine a better or 
more disinterested -way of making it 
known than by having it taught in the 
schools and universities of other lands, 
where very little may be known about 
your r