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Full text of "Worldwide Report Environmental Quality , No. 318"

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JPRS 78702 
7 August 1981 

Worldwide Report 


No. 318 



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JPRS 786702 

7 Auguaet 1981 

No. 318 



South Proposes Federally Funded Program for Murray River 
(Peter Blunden; THE AUSTRALIAR, 1 Jul 81) seer eeeeeeeeeeeeee 1 

State OK for Limited Moreton Sand Mining Stirs Uproar 
(THE COURIER-MAIL, 24 Jun, 1 Jul 81) CORRE eee ee 3 

6.4 Percent for Exploitation 
Editorial Report 
/opeal to Prime Minister 

Shale Waste Study 
Oil Spill Fine 
Union Development Ban 
Parks-Fishing Conflict 
Chemicals Monitoring System 
PCB Disposal Problem 

www Oe @& 


Regulations Set Target Dates on Effluent Discharge Limits 
(Li Shui Hua ; THE MUSLIM, 390 Jun 81) eeeee ee ee eee eee eee eens 8 


Trees Planted To Offset Manila Pollution 
(Brenda P. Tuazon; BULLETIN TODAY, 16 Jul 81) ..cccccccccccs 10 

-a- {III - Ww - 139] 


Pesticides Cause Serious Agricultural Pollution 
(CHINA POST, 16 Jul 81) eee eee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeereeee eee ee eee ee 


High Level of Ghemical Contaminants in Food 
(Wirasak Salayakanond; BUSINESS TIMES, 6 Jum BL) cccccccnns 


1D8 To Loan $4 Million for Soil Improvement Scheme 
(ADVOCATE -NEWS , 26 Jun 81) eee ee eeereeeeeeereeee eee eeeeeeeeee © 


Government To Provide Water to All Villages by 1986 
(Solomon Lotshe ; DALLY NEWS, 29 Jun 81) PTE TELE ELELEEE 

Rains End Drought 


Drought Difficulties, Measures Reported 
(NEW NIGERIAN, 1 Jul 81) eee ereeeeeeeeeeeeeer ee eeeeeeeeeereeeee 

Floods Reported Causing Damage, Deaths 
(DALLY TIMES, 29, 20 Jun 81) eeeeeeeeeeeeeeer eee eee eeeeeereeee 

Traders Driven Out 
Railway Blamed for Deaths 

Cooperation With France 
Tree Planting 

Oil Spillage 

Dust, Stone Particles Pollution 










Eskimos Unite Against Canadian Tanker Route Plan 
(GRONLANDS POSTEN, 25 Jun 81) eeeeeeeeeee eee eee eee eeeeeeeee 

Canadian Side Offers New Greenland Tanker Route Plan 
(GRONLANDS POSTEN, 25 Jun 81) eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee 


Campaign Against Litter Reported 
(CYPRUS MAIL, 3 Jul 81) eee eee eee eee eee eee eee eee eee ee ee eee 


Twelve Towns Reportedly Dangerously Polluted 
(Abduliah Ogu Laus ; MILLIYET, 9 Jun 81) eeeeeeereeeeeeeeeeee 





Canberra THE AUSTRALIAN in English 1 Jul 81 p 1 
[Article by Peter Blunden] 

[Text] A $400 million federally-financed project should be undertaken to save 
the beleaguered River Murray, the South Australian Government proposed yesterday. 

It said the Federal, NSW, Victorian and South Australian Governments should 
combine to provide a permanent solution to the growing salinity threaiening the 
country's most important river system. 

The move comes after months of bitter wrangling between the States, triggered 
by deteriorating water quality in the river. 

Experts claim that unless swift and unified action is taken, the water in parts 
of the river, particularly its lower reaches, will become unfit for human con- 

The South Aus*ralian Premier, Mr Tonkin, and his Minister for Water Resources, 
Mr Arnold, appealed to the Federal Government to consult the three States to 
negotiate a River Mur ay salinity mitigation package. 

Their proposal seeks an investment ., the Federal Goverment of $50 million in 
providing grants for two criticel salinity mitigation wo°ks—-the Lake Tyrell 
scheme and the Kerang region de-watering scheme. 

The Lake Tyrell scheme to divert 90,000 tonnes of salt to evaporation basins 
every year has been deferred by the Victorian Government which, however, is go- 
ing ahead with the Kerang plan to divert 16,000 tonnes of salt a year. 

The South Australian Government also wants $50 million for the provision of low- 
interest loans to farmers on the Murray-Darling stem to help them improve irri- 
gation systems and practices. 

But tue biggest investment sought is $300 million for the Federal Government 
to provide grants to fund detailed investigation, design and construction of 
further salinity mitigation schemes. 

This program will concentrate primarily on the interception of salt outflow 
caused by such river structures as dams and weirs and preventing salt inflow 
from tributaries. 

Key lasue 

The proposal will be a key issue at the summit meeting of the Federal and three 
State Governments at Wentworth, NSW, on July 17. 

South Australia wants to initiate negotiations with the NSW, Victorian and 
South Australian Governments for a new River Murray Waters Agreement. 

The scheme also calls for the three State Governments to order a moratorium on 
large-scale irrigation diversions until sufficient salinity mitigation works 
and measures are implemented or until their effect on salinity is shown to be 

Mr Tonkin said yesterday: "Right now, the future prosperity and well-being of 
more than one million Australians is threatened. This submission proposes a 
permanent solution to the problem. 

"It's about time we got the Murray sorted out--this problem has plagued 
Australia since Federation.” 

The South Australian Government has sent a copy of the report outlining the 
pacakge to the Prime Minister, Mr Fraser, the NSW Premier, Mr Wran, and Vic- 
toria’s Premier, Mr Thompson. 

Mr Tonkin said the cost of the scheme appeared formidable, but was reasonable 
when compered with other national projects such as the Snowy Mountains Scheme 
($3000 million). 

CSO: 5000/7578 


6.4 Percent for Exploitation 
Brisbane THE COURTER-MAIL in English 24 Jun 81 pp 1,10 

[Excerpts] The State Government sparked a controversy 
yesterday with its decision to allow sand mining on 6.4 
percent of Moreton Island. 

The decision concludes with the release of a Griffith University survey showing 
68.1 percent of people oppose mining on the island, and ignores the lobby conser- 

It comes at a time of a world slump for mineral sands and has angered both con- 
servationists and some government members. 

The Liberal Member for Toowong, Mr Prentice, said last night he would move in 
the government joint parties meeting today to have the decision overturned. 

Mr Prentice, who is against any mining, said the decision was a "sad" one and he 
would be scudying parliamentary procedures to see if it could be stopped. 

But the Premier Mr Bjelke-Petersen, defending tne decision, said: "Moreton 
Island will be rehabilitated after the mining people have been there in such a 
way you won't recognise it." 

The Queensland Chamber of Mines president, Mr Doug Trave, warned last night the 
State Government could face large compensation claims from some mining companies 
who will be asked to relinquish leases on the island under the 6.4 percent mining 
restriction of the decision. 

Three companies now hold 16 leases covering more than 2000 hectares of 12 percent 
of the island. 

Mr Bjelke-Petersen said the State Government would now establish two special 
advisory committees to formulate a strategy for the island's development. 

One would develop mining strategy and the other would plan long-term management 
programs for the island. The aim was to preserve Moreton's important features. 

Acceptance of the Cook report meant that 91.2 percent of the island, 28 kilo- 
metres Off Brisbane, would be designated national park. 

After allowing for mining, the remaining 2.4 percent would be allocated for 
other uses, including road construction. 

Defending the limited sand mining decision, Mr Bjelke-Petersen said it would 
protect loose sand from being blown into the island's lakes. 

Mr Bjleke-Petersen said the committee looking at long-term management would 
look at the “big threat" that unchecked tourism was causing. 

Like Fraser Island, people were “tramping" all over the place, "running" (vehicles) 
over the dunes and “pushing” sand around. 

Last night the State Opposition, which opposed any mining development, said the 
decision represented what it termed a "kick in the guts” for the Liberal Party. 

The Deputy Opposition Leader, Mr D'Arcy, said that its supporters would be in- 
censed by the agreement of Liberal ministers to mining. 

Mr D'Arcy said the National Party, because it was not interested politically in 
the island, had ignored the likely consequences. 

The Griffith University survey showed only 12.3 percent favoured limited mining, 
and 6.2 percent uncontrolled mining. 

The survey, conducted in an area from the New South Wales border north to the 
Noosa Shire and went to the Great Dividing Range, was commissioned by the Queens- 
land Conservation Council and carried out by the Griffith University Institute 

of Applied Social Research. 

Queensland Labor Senator Colston has called for a referendum to decide the 
island's future. “Any sand mining on Moreton Island could only be described as 
environmental rape." 

The area to be mined sounded smell, he said, but it represented some of the most 
fragile sections of the island. "To expect that the beach will return to its 
original state is to believe in miracles," he said. 

Moreton Island Protection Committee president, Mr Don Henry, said it was vital 
that the last unspoiled sand island in the Moreton region be left in its natural 

"We don't have to take our mineral sands from a place like this," he said. 
There are other places. This is craw." 

Mr Henry said he had not given up hope. "We need to get enough people showing 
that they care. If they care for the island, they need to stand up and say it 
to the politicians." 

Since the government decision was announced, he had received a constant stream 
of phonecalls in support of the cause. “And it's not just a small fraction of 
the community. It's the whole range,” he said. 


aaa —— 

Decision Ramifications 

[Editorial Report) Brisbane's THE COURIER-MAIL in English on 25 June 1981, page 
page 1, and on 26 June, pages 1 and 2, under the rubric "The Moreton Sand 
Storm," carries articles on follow-up developments to the Queensland decision 
to allow sand mining on 6.4 percent of Moreton Island. The paper on 25 June 
notes that despite suggestions from some quarters, the Federal Government 
"would not interfere in the Moreton Island dispute by refusing expoct permits" 
for the mined sand. A related article describes the huge bank and insurance 
company inte ests that stand to benefit from any exploitation of Moreton's 
mineral sand:. A front-page story on the 26th notes that Mineral Deposits Ltd. 
would build "barracks" for 150 mining employees on Moreton, once operations are 
set to get underway, in addition to other company facilities. Tentative plans 
for introduction of a bill in the Federal Parliament to prevent the export of 
Moreton minerals are described in a page 2 article. 

Appeal to Prime Minister 
Brisbane THE COURIER-MAIL in English 1 Jul 81 p 3 

[Excerpts] The Brisbane City Council unanimously voted 
yesterday to call on ‘he Prime Minister, Mr Fraser, to 
stop sand mining on Moreton Island. 

He could do this by using powers under the Heritage Act, which lists the island 
on the Register of National Estate, or by refusing to grant export licences for 
sand mined there. 

Petitions opposing mining will be placed in council ward offices and libraries, 
and these will be presented to State Parliament. 

The document calls on Mr Fraser to “act in the best interests of the citizens 
of Brisbane to halt the exploitation of the island by sand mining." 

The resolution was introduced by the Lord Mayor, Alderman Sleeman, during the 
council's weekly meeting yesterday and was adopted unopposed. 

The petition calls on the State Government to declare immediately the whole of 
Moreton Island a national park, with the exception of towns, tourist resorts, 
airstrips and the lighthouse reserve. 

CSO: 5000/7578 



SHALE WASTE STUDY--A team of chemical engineers at Queensland University has 
started work on a $141,252 project to establish a data bank on the problems of 
waste disposal at Australian oil shale processing plants. Dr Peter Bell, a 
member of the team said it was important that future planning and costing be 
done on a basis of factual information. This was the role of the project which 
was being funded over a three-year period by the National Energy Research Devel- 
opment and Demonstration Council. Dr Bell said that proce. sed oil shale could 
have an adverse effect on the environment, largely because organic and inorganic 
compounds it contained could enter streams and underground water resources. 
Rainwater could seep through the spent shale, leaching out and carrying down 
into the water table organic material which might be carcinogenic (cancer 
causing). There was also a possibility that ground water could rise and enter 
the shale heaps by capillary action, thus becoming polluted. The disposal of 
water naturally contained within the shale (approximately 4 percent) and re- 
leased during the extraction process would also be looked at closely. The re- 
searchers have set up a mini-pilot plant in the university's department of chem- 
ical engineering, where they are extracting oil from samples of shale from the 
Rundle area. Dr Bell said the data which he and his colleagues were gathering 
should enable the adoption o. extraction procedures which would be more cost 
effective and pose the least possible threat to the environment. [Text] 

[Brisbane THE COURIER-MAIL in English 30 Jun 81 p 18] 

OIL SPILL FINE--An oil company was yesterday fined $500 in connection with the 

spillage of about 6800 litres of petrol at Port Stanvac in South Australia last 
November. Mobil Oil Australia pleaded guilty in the Adelaide Magistrates Court 
to breaching the Prevention of Pollution to Waters by Oil Act. Mr B.M. Selway. 
prosecuting, said the spillage was caused by a severed oil hose on the vessel, 

the Mobile Acme. [Text] [Canberra THE AUSTRALIAN in English 2 Jul 81 p 26] 

UNION DEVELOPMENT BAN--Brisbane--Queensland unions have banned any new develop- 
ment projects in Gladstone until essential community services catch up with the 
boom there. Meeting in Gladstone yesterday, more than 4000 blue-and-white 
collar u.ionists authorised the State Trades and Labor Council to review any 
future projects before agreeing to work on them. The decision could ~ean an 
abrupt end to the explosive expansion of Gladstone, which in recen years has 
won the reputation of being Australia's richest but most underpriv leged re- 
source town. Gladstone, 600 kilometres north of Brisbane, is the site of the 
world's largest alumina refinery and generates 45 per cent of the State's total 
electricity. It is also an important coal loading port and i- ' further 

expanded by the construction of a new aluminium smelter. In the past 10 years 
the population has increased by more than half, creating acute shortages of 
such essential services as schools, hospitals, homes and social services. The 
Queensland Government has become increasingly sensitive to criticism of the 
Slap-dash ways Gladstone has been allowec to develop. In May this year Mr 
Bjelke-Petersen told THE AGE that mining companies would have to greatly in- 
crease their contributions to provision of State services if they wanted a 
share of Queensland's mineral wealth. [By David Broadbent] [Excerpts] 
(Melbourne THE AGE in English 2 Jul 81 p 5] 

PARKS-FISHING CONFLICT--The Queensland Commercial Fishermen's Organisation is 
challenging the state national Parks and Wildlife Service over its declaration 
of some national parks. Their state chairman, Mr Dale Bryant, said yesterday 
the organisation was considering legal action. He said the decisions could wipe 
out commercial and amateur fishing along Queensland's coast. The declaration of 
a national park over 40 percent of Princess Charlotte Bay in north Queensland 
would affect the estuary fishing areas for barramundi by the park's protection 
of al) forestry life, including fish. Mr Bryant said his 3000 strong organisa- 
tion had the backing of the Amateur Fishing Council ard its 20,000 members. 

It would attempt a challenge of the validity of the declaration of the national 
park in Princess Charlotte Bay. [Excerpts] [Brisbane THE COURIER-MAIL in 
English 3 Jul 81 p 9] 

CHEMICALS MONITORING SYSTEM--A sc.eme to monitor the potential effects of new 
industrial chemicals on man and the environment will c erate from October 1. 
The chemical industry will need to provide information on new chemicals either 
imported or manufactured in Australia. The information will then be collated 
and assessed by the Australian Environment Council's national advisory committee 
on chemicals. The State Minister for Conservation and the Environment, Mr 
Masters, who is chairman of the council, said that the new scheme would be a 
major step in a national plan on hazardous chemicals. The AEC also adopted a 
new policy as a guide to reduce cadmium emissions from industrial plants. All 
users of cadmium will be asked to encourage a minimum discharge by using more 
efficient recovery technology. [Excerpts] [Perth THE WEST AUSTRALIAN in English 
4 Jul 81 p 34] 

PCB DISPOSAL PROBLEM--Thousands of litres of lethal’ industrial oils are being 
held under tight security in Perth till a way is found for their disposal. The 
oils--polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)--have been used widely in the electrical 
industry for decades, but since 1960 have been found to be health and environ- 
mental hazards. A WA firm recently began disposing of the PCBs for the mining 
industry through a 1300C furnace, but one of the biggest holders of the oils, 

the State Energy Commission, is not satisfied with the process. The SEC is 
holding 3600 litres of PCBs in an impervious concrete pit inside a locked build- 
ing surrounded by a security fence. Only three SEC officers can authorise entry 
to the building--south of Perth--and THE WEST AUSTRALIAN was yesterday refused 
permission to visit the site. Elsewhere the PCBs are transported in lined drums 
and stored in commercial toxic-waste stores. A spokesman for Hamersley Iron said 
that the company had converted all but one of its transfers to non-toxic materials. 
[By Paul McGeough] [Excerpt] [Perth THE WEST AUSTRALIAN in Englist. 4 Jul 81 p 10] 




Islamabad THE MUSLIM in English 30 Jun 81 p 1 

‘Article by Li Shui Hua] 

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Manila BULLETIN TODAY in English 16 Jul 61 pp 1, 8 
lArticle by Brenda P, Tuazon) 

(Text! The Piret Lady and Minister of Human Settlements Imelda R. Marcos called 
for 4 massive tree-planting program yesterday to igprove the oxygen content of the 

Added benefits here would be the beautification of the metropolis and the earning 
of added income by the people, she said. 

Her plan calle for the planting of 64 million trees in Metro Manila, creating 
forests out of idle government land and surrounding the metropolis with an “oxygen 
belt” of forest farms. 

Metro Manila could then be a @odel for the rest of the country to follow. 

in @ meeting with representatives of government and the private sector, she said 
that the present metropolitan ratio of three trees to one person should be 
increased to 6:1. 

She appealed for support fror the private sector, particularly the Jaycees, Lions, 
Rotarians, and Kivanians. 

On the government front, school supervisors and teachers will take up the brunt 
of the tree-planting effort, teaching the young to plant trees as their “investment 
for the future." 

Every effort will be made to make tree planting look “fashionable and glamorous," 
stressing the value of trees as the source of life. 

The First Lady said that the need for trees becomes even gor: pressing as the 
country begins converting to gasifier motors to power vehicles, boats and irri- 
gation systems. 

She said that as the great forests of the world are being depleted, the world 
slowly begins to suffocate. She said that the only great forests remaining are 
the rain forests of Africa, the Amazon in South America and some forests in South- 
east Asia. 

To broaden public participation, the First Lady set a bigger meeting next Wednesday 
in Malacanang to which heads of social clubs would be invited. 

CSO: 900/4926 10 



Taipei CHINA POST in Englieh 16 Jul 81 p 12 


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CSO: 5000/4925 




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Bridgetown ADVOCATE-NEWS in English 26 Jun 81 p 1 

{Text} Barbados’ Scotland District Development programme ook a closer step in 
becoming a reality with the approval of more than US$4 million from the Inter- 
American Development Bank (IDB) to assist in the uadertaking. 

The IDB announced yesterday that it had approved a US$4,445,000 loan to assist 
the Barbados Government in stemming soil erosion in the rugged Scotland District. 

The project to be undertaken by the Soil Conservation Unit of the Ministry of 
Agriculture, Food and Consumer Affairs, involves a series of conservation re- 
search works, including reshaping and terracing the land, 

In addition, seven water courses will be established, and about 30 kilometres 
of Hillside Ditches wi'l be constructed to reduce slopes between the terraces. 

Other activities include a massive re-afforestation programme, using sugar canes, 
fruit trees and forest cover legumes, and engineering works, to conserve soil and 
increase productivity. 

The activities will be carried out on Government-owned estates and programmes will 
also be carried out in the district to collect and analyse soils and hydrological 

The programme is Government's biggest step in stabilising the area which has 
been the scene of numerous landslides, and the collapsing of bridges especially 

after a downpour. 

In the past, successive Barbados Governments have been forced to erect dams, 
bridges and implement new drainage systems as part of the efforts in the stabili- 
sation programme. 

Some residents have also had to resited from the area. 

The Scotland District encompasses an area of about 6000 hectares, approximately 
one-sixth of which is owned bv Government. 


The IDB said that the Soil Conservation Unit will be obtaining the services of 
a specialised inatitution which will provide advice on engineering machinery 
maintenance, and he conducting of training exercises, 

"An international accounting and management firm will provide the cost accounting, 
financing and management information system which will be used to monitor and 
evaluate the results of the project," the IDB declared. 

The total cost of the project is estimated at US$5.8 million, of which the IDB 
loan will cover 77 per cent, 

The loan will be repaid over a 20-year period in semi-annual installments, the 

firet of which will be due six months after the scheduled date for the lasr 
disbursement of the financing, the bank added. 

CSO: 5000/7579 


Gaborone DAILY NEWS in English 29 Jun 81 p 1 

[Article by Solomon Lotshe] 

(Text ] “THE GOVERNMENT is She however, expressed 
aiming et providing concern that in many 

Resources and Water Or Chiepe said that the 
Alteirs, DOr Geositwe Botswana's economy was 
Chiepe ssid when based mainly on mineral 
addressing kgotie resources. 

meetings in the Nkenge She explained that 
and North East consti- profits received trom the 
tuenctes. sale of minerais enabled 

Dr Chrlepe added thet ihe 
weter wes @ major 

~~ seid thet an Minteter seid thet heelth 
at the United Nations and @ world-wide » 22! of 
meeting that the decade a 
1981 to 1980 should be « sr = 
target period for all order to carry out He 
countries 4 provide of 

adequete drinking —* te 
water and sound sanitation a Ministry ~~ 

— importance of Its training 
Dr Chiepe said that 
according to the oo. 

government's programme encouraged people to 
ee prepare for the coming 

CSO: 5000/5035 


RAINS END DROUGHT--Botewana has now been declared drought-free following the good 
rains during the past rainy season. All drought relief measures which were un- 
dertaken when the country was declared ‘drought-stricken' last year, will be 
stopped by the beginning of July this year. A « lease from the Ministry of Finance 
and Development Planning issued last week states: "At a meeting of Cabinet on 
June 10 it was decided that as a result of the good rains those areas that have 
been suffering from drought over the past year, this is, Ngamiland, Chobe, and 
the Boteti and Bobirwa areas of Central District, should now be declared drought 
free. Accordingly all drought relief activities will be brought to @. end by the 
lst July. However, as restriction on the sale of cattle from Bobirwa have been 
in force since mid 1979 and will continue for at least the next five months, the 
50 pula scheme will be continued in this area until further notice. The restric- 
tion on sales are due to the threat of Food and Mouth Disease from Zimbabwe. 
[Text] [Gaborone DAILY NEWS in English 15 Jun 81 p 1) 

CSO: 5000/5035 


Kaduna NEW NIGERIAN in English 1 Jul 61 p 13 

(Text) Drought scourge is seriously threatening the growth of crops and animals in 
Filani and Tangaza local government areas of Sokoto State. 

An investigation conducted by the New Nigerian revealed that almost all the crops 
planted in those areas have wilted. 

Similarly, cows and other domestic animais in the affected areas have started show- 
ing visible effect of the drought on their flesh. 

When the New Nigerian visited Turidi, Kelanti, Gidamadi, Tangaza and Birji, the 
crops planted in those areas have dried up while some farmers were yet to start 
weeding their farms. 

Two of the three farmers interviewed said only one rainfall was recorded in their 
area, while the other reported that his area had two rainfalls so far. 

When contacted, the sole administrator of the Filani local government, Alhaji Bello 
Yahaya, told the New Nigerian that the drought in the area mentioned ws “partial”. 
He said that the northern and the south western part of the Filani local government 
was more seriously affected by the drought. 

He said his office had so far received drought report from Gande, Shiro, Golitto, 
Filani, Kusodu and Karau. 

Alhaji Bello said cattle rearers had also complained about the welfare of cattle in 
those areas. 

He disclosed that the local government had supplied drugs worth 7,000 Naira and re- 
lief materials to the three veterinary centres in Filani, Binji and Gande for treat 
ment of the cattle. 

He said already, the state government had started sending relief materials like 
rice, millet and guinea-corn which were sold to the inhabitants of the area at 
subsidised rates. 


Contacted, t xe state Commissioner for Agriculture a | Natural Resources, Alhaji 
Haruna Mafara attributed the drought to the sporadic wind which usually hit the 

The commissioner added that, the state government would soon embark on tree plant~ 
ing campaign in the area with a view to containing the cituation. 

Alhaji Haruna however, said the state government might not be able to succeed with- 
out adequate publicity on the importance of the exercise to the people. 

C80: 5000/5040 



Traders Driven Out 
Lagos DAILY TIMES in English 29 Jun 81 p 41 

[Excerpt] Floods have now chased out traders at the Jankara Market in the heart 
of Lagos Island and in a "I-don't-care" attitude, the Lagos State Island Local 
Government announced an increase in rents of the submerged stalls from W1.00 to 
45. 00. 

At the moment, the traders are busily fighting the floods in rain boots hoping 
to take on the state government after defeating the invading floods. 

Railvay Blamed for Deaths 
Lagos DAILY TIMES in English 30 Jun 81 p 5 

[Excerpt] A member in the Lagos State House of Assembly, Chief Samuel Alawode 
has blamed the week-end flood disaster in Agege on the Nigerian Railway Corporation. 

Two persons were reportedly killed and thousands were rendered homeless when a 
torrential rain swept through the area. 

Chief Alawode said during a motion for adjournment that if the Railway had built 
a proper bridge instead of the two narrow culverts, the disaster might have been 

"The two culverts were also swept away by the rains," he added, 

Chief Alawode also wanted the House to discuss with the management of Guinness, 
measures for the proper drainage of liquid industrial waste from the factory, 
because as he claimed, the liquid waste had been identified as one of the major 
causes of flooding in some areas of the industrial estate. 

CSO: 5000/5038 



COOPERATION WITH FRANCE--Paris, July 1l--France and Nigeria have agreed to 
cooperate closely on environment problems, officials said here yesterday 
following a four-day visit by Nigerian Housing and Environment Minister 

Wahab Dosunmu. During his stay as guest of French Environment Minister 

Michel Crepeau, Mr Dosunmu toured several anti-pollution research organisations, 
including an experimental centre on control of water pollution in Brest, 
North-West France. Nigeria, which is Africa's major oil producer and exporter, 
is particularly interested in techniques to control oil spills, which have 
created social and environment problems in the oil-producing rivers and creeks 
area of Southern Nigeria. As a result of Mr Dosunmu's talks here, Nigerian 
specialists are likely to be trained in France on pollution control techniques. (AFP) 
[Text] [Paris AFRICA AFP in English No 2809, 10 Jul 81 p 18} 

TREE PLANTING--The Agric Department of the Saminaka Local Government has developed 
25,000 tree seedlings for planting in the local government area this year. Speak~ 
ing during the launching of tree planting, the Councillor for Agriculture of the 
local government, Mr. Jacob Noma, said out of the total number of the trees, 2,500 
would be planted in the forestry resecve at Kudaru. He said schools and other 
government institutions, including companies in the area, had already been told to 
collect their shares of the trees. He also indicated that the remaining trees 
would be distributed to farmers in the area for planting on their farms. Earlier, 
the head of agric department, Malam Yusufu Yahaya, had expressed his appreciation 
for the activities of the Forestry Unit in his department. He said revenue derived 
from forest in the 1979 fiscal year amounted to 32,642.64 Naira, while that of 1980 
period was 33,067.13 Naira. He, therefore, anticipated more revenue in the current 
year. Malam Yusufu urged people to plant trees not only for economic reasons but 
also for protection against the hazard of drought and erosion. He warned people 

to stop indiscriminate burning of forest. [Text] [Kaduna NEW NIGERIAN in English 
1l Jul 81 p 14) 

OIL SPILLAGE--The Rivers State Chairman of the National Emergency Relief Agency, 
Mr Dagbo Alazigha has expressed dissatisfaction at the uncompromising attitude 
of the Shell Petroleum Company to the People of Bodo West over the recent oil 
spillage in the area. He made the remark at Bodo West recently while inspecting 
the blow-out area with members of the Relief Agency. [Text] [Lagos DAILY TIMES 
in English 7 Jul 81 p 31] 

CSO: 5000/5038 20 


DUST, STONE PAKTICLES POLLUTION--Meanwhile, a number of mothers have been tele- 
phoning the Daily News complaining that stonecrashing work undertaken by Kajima 
in the city area near St, Peter's Church was threatening the health of the 
people, especially children, The housewives said that the dust coming ovc of 
the works was getting into their houses as well as the church and primary school 
nearby. In this way they feared children were exposed to dangerous diseases that 
could result from inhaling the dust containing fine particles of stone. [Excerpt] 
[Dar es Salaam DAILY NEWS in English 10 Jul 81 p 3) 

CSO: 5000/5042 




Godthaab GRONLANDSPOSTEN in Danish 25 Jun 81 p 14 
[Article by L.1.P.] 

[Text] "“Supertankers that break up the ice and destroy the fishing routes’ Surely 
that is no problem for a dyed-in-the-wool Eskimo. Here are some suggestions." 

That was not exactly said, but that was the idea behind a number of suggestions 
that the Canadian state oil company Petro-Canada made to the Canadian Eskimos. 

Petro-Canada stands behind the APP [Arctic Pilot Project], and at a recent 
meeting in Resolute Bay on one of the arctic islands the company made about a 
dozen suggestions. All of the suggestions were supposed to solve the problems 
connected with the fact that the supertankers break up the ice and isolate a num- 
ber of settlements from their fishing areas. 

Hans-Pavia Rosing, president of the ICC [expansion unknown], took part in the meet- 
ing, and he tells AG [GR@NLANDSPOSTEN | that although it is hard to understand, 
the suggestions were presented quite seriously to the assembled representatives of 
all the Eskimo settlements in Canada that are directly affected by the super- 

"We learned that they had selected the best suggestions of a total of more than a 
hundred suggestions received in a contest," Hans-Pavia Rosing tells AG. 

"The drawings speak for themselves," the president continues, “but they say some- 
thing very disturbing about how condescendingly the APP originators of them view 
our fishing culture." 

Eskimo Unity 

It was also evident at the Eskimo meeting in Resolute Bay that there ‘s a united 
front among the Eskimos in the Northwest Passage against its navigation by super- 

"The people of all the settlements along the planned supertanker route are against 
the project,” Hans-Pavia Rosing, president of the ICC, says in a press release 
from the ICC secretariat in Nuuk., 


"It was confirmed at the meeting that the inhabitants along the supertanker route 
are definitely opposed to the route, and they are backed up by their regional and 
national Eskimo organizations," says Hans-Pavia Rosing. 

Nans-Pavia Rosing told the participants in the meeting about the Greenland oppo - 
sition, and the meeting thus confirmed that a united Eskimo front exists against 
the plans to send supertankers through the Davis Strait and the Northwest Pas- 
sage. At the meeting it was also documented that there can be no question of 
supertankers that wou'd carry natural gas. The oil company Dome Petroleum has 
applied to the Canadian authorities for permission to carry oil. 

“We have long suspected that they would want ship oil by tanker,” Hans-Pavia 
Rosing concludes, "Now the suspicion has been confirmed, and the only thing left 
1s to continue to emphasize the necessity of not allowing a single supertanker to 
navigate those waters," 

—— ah — | 

estion from Petro-Canada: If the Eskimos 
* there is a problem, that the supertankers 
will break up the ice, they can simply always 
have a canoe with them--a canoe big enough to 
have snow scooters aboard. There can also be 
enough Eskimos that they can manage to lift the 
snow scooters into the canoe. 

CSO: 5000/2148 



Godthaab GRONLANDSPOSTEN in Danish 25 Jun 81 p 16 
[Article by H.] 

[Text] According to the new proposal the gas tankers will sail 
at a distance of about 100 km from the west coast of Greenland 
instead of the 40 km proposed earlier. 

At the latest meeting of the Danish-Canadian study group on the Arctic Pilot 
Project the Canadian side presented a new 1 for the routing of the big 
tankers that will transport gas in liquid form from the fields off Melville Island 
in the northernmost part of Canada to Newfoundland. The new route is ca. 100 ke 
from Disko Island at the closest point. According to the earlier route proposal 
the ships would pass the west coast of Greenland at a distance of only 40 kn. 

"But we were unable on the Denish side to concede that the new route is sore 
satisfactory than the earlier proposal,” a member of the group, the marine biolo- 
gist Poul Johansen of the Greenland fisheries research service, told AG 
[GRONLANDSPOSTEN }]. “It all depends on where the fish and marine nammals are. 
Theoretically a line 100 km from the coast may be more damaging than closer to the 
coast. It takes extensive study of the channel in question before one can say 
what route will do the least damage," says Poul Johansen. 

Noise Problems 

At the meeting, which was held in Copenhagen at the end of May, one of the chief 
subjects was the noise from the tankers. “There was disagreement in the group on 
what noise level the ships will produce and what harm it will do to the animal 
life,” says Poul Johansen. 

"On the Canadian side the main point of view is that these environmental questions 
can only be answered in connection with the comprehensive research programs con- 
nected with the APP [Artic Pilot Project]. It is believed in advance that the 
marine animals will quickly accustom themselves to the noise from the ships. 

"On the Danish side we are not convinced of APP's character as a real research 
project, and we want comprehensive studies carried out before we can think of ac- 
cepting the starting of the APP. With regard to the effect of noise on the animal 
life, we refer to Japanese and other studies. And they indicate that the animal 

" - S88 @8 Peewee ee « 


Here is a sketch of the new route proposed for the 
APP supertankers. The proposal was presented at 
the latest meeting of the APP study group in Copen- 
hagen late in May. The closest point to the west 
coast of Greenland is the route past Disko Island, 
where the distance in the new proposal is about 
100 km. | 

life is substantially reduced in ocean areas with dense ship traffic. We want re- 
searches on noise conditions in Greenland waters before the APP is set in motion," 

Poul Johansen adds. 

Next Meeting in September 

Results of a winter study of the marine mammals’ habitat in the pack ice between 

Canada and Greenland were available at the meeting. The study was done by over- 
flights. It particularly shows the preferred habitats of the narwhals and white 

The next meeting of the study group will be held in September in Toronto, Canada. 

CSO: 5000/2148 



Nicosia CYPRUS MAIL in English 3 Jul 81 p 1 

[Text] Cyprus Friends of the Earth (the environment protection group), concerned 
about the increasing litter problem, have written to one of the island's biggest 
soft drink. firms, SunIsland Canning, to ask them either to market their product 
in returnal e bottles or to supply them in a biodegradable (natural decomposition) 

In the group's fourth newsletter members’ anxiety about littering was reported 
to have been expressed at local meetings in Nicosia and Limassol. It was at the 
Limassol meeting that the approach to SunIsland Canning and a sponsored clean-up, 
possibly of the Yermasoyia Dam area, were proposed. 

Friends of the Earth also asked the compary to provide a number of litter bins 
and to include a “Keep Cyprus clean" motif in their advertising. 

The group are awaiting a reply from the company. 

Among other plans, the group intend to produce their own anti-litter posters, 
using a graphics idea from a pupil at Foley's Grammar School, Limassol. It will 
be worded in Greek although if costs permit, an English edition will also be made. 

The Friends are also considering making a “public information"-type anti-litter 
commercial for television, counting on members “donating” their relevant skills. 

The newsletter goes on to report publicity for the “Adopt a turtle" scheme but 
comments on a disappointing reaction from Cypriot children. 

The bulletin pledges continuance of lobbying the government of Cyprus on a 
number of environmental issves. 

It also refers to the “environmental bill" which the Friends sent to each of the 
political parties after the recent elections, requesting that they plant a number 
of trees to replace the 55 R.0. tons of paper which Friends of the Earth allege 
were used in the form of posters. The Friends allege that this tonnage equates 
to "a small forest" of 935 trees. (All Friends of the Earth communications are 
printed on re-cycled paper). 

Finally, the group report letters of support from FoE groups as far afield as Japan. 

CSO: 5000/5545 


istanbul MILLIYET in Turkish 9 Jun 61 p 3 
[Article by Abdullah Ogulmus] 

[Text] Environmental pollution has reached very dangerou® proportions in 12 
cities and 1 district in Turkey. Engin Ural, general secretary of the Turkish 
Environmental Problems Foundation, said, “It has become critical for people in 
residential districts where air, water, soil, ocise and traffic pollution have 
reached the saturation point. People are falling i111 en masse." 

According to the Environmental Problems Foundation, saturation points have been 
reached in noise, water, air and traffic pollution in Istanbul; noise, water and 
traffic pollution in Lemit; noise, water and traffic pollution in Izmir; noise, 
air and traffic pollution in Ankara; water and air pollution in Eskisehir; water 
pollution in Kutahya; water pollution in Burdur; noise, soil and traffic pol- 
lution in Adana; soil pollution in Merein and Tareus; air pollution in Ercurum; 
and water pollution in Trabzon and Samsun. 

Environmental Problems Foundation General Secretary Engin Ural pointed out that 
"it is necessary to find a balance immediately between efforts to protect the 
environment and the tempo of Turkey's industrialization and urbanization” and 
said the following: “If we put off systematic, planned steps to save the envir- 
onment, we will see very soon that remedies will be very difficult and expensive, 
that the consequences of environmental problems will be very painful. This sit- 
uation can vastly complicate our social and economic life." 

Noise, water, air, soil and traffic pollution cause digestive and nervous dis- 
orders, heart and respiratory illness and sexual dysfunction. Environmental prob- 
lems also lower production in all sectors, causing great loss of output. People 
are not happy in areas where such environmental problems reach the saturation 



According to the map prepared by the Turkish Environmental Problems Foundation 
showing polluted areas, noise, water, air and soil pollution are at the satura- 
tion point in Istanbul, Iemit, Izmir, Adana, Ankara, Eskisehir, Erzu mm, Denizli, 
Kutahya, Tranzon, Sameun, Tareus, Mersin and Burdur. 

l. WNoise pollution 4. Traffic congestion 
2. Water pollution 5. Soil quality deterioration 
3. Air pollution 


CSO: 5000/5539 END 



/O Aug, 1981