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JPRS 80774 

11 May 1982 

Worldwide Report 

No. 196 






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JPRS 80774 

ll May 1982 
No. 196 
"KYODO': No Progress in Salmon Talks With USSR 
(KYODO, 20 Apr 82) ......ccce cece cc ccccccccccceececeeees 1 
Agreement Reached With USSR on Salmon Quota 
Crue, Se BOE GE) 0 0055650006006 5 0006000060806 680 00 0ee8 2 
USSR Captures Japanese Boats 3 
DPRK Official Discusses Fishery Accord 
CHK, 18 Ame GR) ccccvsocsecceseserectessccectecsecécsee 4 
Abalone Fishing Ban 5 
Bass Strait Drilling 5 
NT Offshore Activity 6 
Offshore Tasmania Plans 6 

Bangladesh Delegate Speaks at Law-of-the-Sea Talks 
(THE BANGLADESH OBSERVER, 3 Apr 82) ......cccecececceces 

-a- [III - WW - 136] 

Minister Speaks at Law of the Sea Conference 
(THE TIMES OF INDIA, 2 Apr 82) ......ccccccccccccccceeens 8 
Offshore Drilling Contracts 9 

MSA Announces DPRK Release of Fishing Boats 
Cre, 2 OO GE) 65466055 4.0400405045065550004600000408045 10 
Antigua-Barbuda, Guadeloupe Agree To Cooperate on Fishing 
(ADVOCATE-NEWS, 30 Mar 82) .. i. icccccccccccccccccececsess 11 


French, ROK Fishing Boats Seized 12 
No Fishing Contracts To Be Given to Foreign Trawlers 
(THE STANDARD, 8 Apr 82) .....cccccccccvcccsscceseseseses 13 
Supreme Soviet Issues Decree on Law of the Sea 
CTARE, £0 ORE Ge 6640 ke cs cbencensnednsdeeesecdetscansias 14 
U.S. Demanding Revision of LOS Convention 
ee A FO 2 evereere rere errr ere ere r Te reererrrrer Tre 18 
Soltan Commentary on Law of Sea Conference 
(Moscow World Service, 19 Apr 82) ......ccccecccccevcvevces 19 
USSR Compelled To Defend Sea Resource Interests 

Columnist Criticizes Law of Sea Convention 
(Mehmet Ali Birand; MILLIYET, 23 Apr 82) .......cceeeeees 22 




OW200027 Tokyo KYODO in English 0006 GMT 20 Apr &2 

[Text] Moscow, April 19, KYODO -- No progress was made in Russo-Japanese negotiations here 

Monday on Japan's salmon catch quota this year in the northwest Pacific waters and on other 
problems, Japanese officials said. 

At the meeting, Akira Matsuura, head of the Japanese Fishery Agency, and Soviet First 
Vice Fishery Minister Nikolay Kudryavtsev reiterated their proposals made last week. 

The Soviet Union proposed on Apri] 14 that Japan's catch quota in 1982 be held down to 
37,000 tons, or 5,500 tons less than the 42,500 tons agreed on last year, while 

sought a quota of 45,000 tons. 

Matsuura arrived in Moscow last Saturday in an effort to break the impasse in negotiations 
in time for the start of fishery operaticns on May 1. 

japanese and Soviet negotiators were scheduled to meet on Tuesday to discuss such problems 
as joint surveillance of Japanese salmon fishing operations. 

cso: 5200/2071 



OW221113 Tokyo KYODO in English 1106 GMT 22 Apr 82 

[Text] Moscow, April 22, KYODO -- Japanese-Soviet negotiations to fix 1982 catch quotas 
for salmon caught in the northwestern Pacific concluded Thursday in Moscow after the two 
parties agreed to keep Japan's quota at 42,500 tons, the same as that in 1981. The two 
parties also agreed that Japan should agein pay yen 4 billion as fees, also the same as in 

During the negotiations, the Japanese side accepted a Sovict proposal on joint surveillance 
of the fishing operations which would involve the presence of Soviet observers on Japanese 
patro’ ships. The joint surveillance is intended as a precautionary measure to prevent 
Japanese fishing boats from violating the rules and restrictions imposed on their salmon 
fishing operations in the northwestern Pacific waters. It will be the first time that 
such steps have been implemented. 

cSO: 5200/7071 



USSR CAPTURES JAPANESE BOATS--Saproro, April 17 (KYODO)--Two Japanese 
fishing boats appear to have been captured by Soviet patrol boats in the 
western Bering Sea, east off Karaginsky Island near the Kamchatka Penin- 
sula, the Maritime Safety Agency said Saturday. The two boats were 
identified as the 349-ton No 81 Yoshi Maru with 25 crew and the 349--ton 
Fukui Maru carrying 23 crew. They sent emergency signals to the MSA 
headquarters in Otaru saying they were being inspected by a Soviet warsliip 
acound 4:30 a.m. Friday. No further communication was received, however. 
The two fishing boats left Kushiro port early April to fish in waters off 
Kamciiatka Peninsula until early May. Six fishing boats, with some 100 
crew in total have been captured by Soviet patrol boats so far this year. 
[Text] [O0W170602 Tokyo KYODO in English 0551 GMT 1 Apr 82] 

CSO: 5200/2071 



OW182353 Tokyo NHK Television Network in Japanese 1430 GMT 18 Apr 82 

t A rdi t rrespondent Yok waiin Pyongyang, Hvon Chun-kuk, ceputy director 
the Korean bkorker irty International Department, met with Japanese journalists in 
Z me thi ifter 
the meeting, he said that it is up to Japan wrether the Japan-DPRK fishery agreement, 
which is to expire in June, is renewed or not. The fishery agreement is a private-level 
: rd which is renewable every i years. The current accord is set to expire this coming 
\t today’s meeting, Deputy Director Hyon said: Last vear the Japanese side proposed that 
the fishery talks be méucted in kyo; however, the Japanese authorities have thus far 
refused t¢t rllow it delegation entry into Japan. The DPRK has nothing to lose if the 
: r is not renewed. The renewal of the accord is up to Japan. 

CSO: %$200/2071 



ABALONE FISHING BAN--Vietname,e amateur fishermen have been blamed for an 
indefinite ban on abalone catches along Perth's beaches. The move comes 
after mounting complaints by professional and other amateur fishermen that 
Vietnamese families living in Perth are fishing out nearby reefs and 
threatening reef ecologies. The ban does not cover professional fishing of 
abalone. The zone affected extends from 60km south of Perth to the mouth of 
the Moore River, The Vietnamese have been descending on the reefs in 
constantly increasing numbers, often in large family groups. Some have been 
taking more than the limit of 36 abalone a person a day. A fortnight ago, 
several professional fishermen mde a citizen's arrest of some of the am- 
teurs and called in government inspectors to check the size of the catches. 
Announcing the ban, the Government said: "The decision followed an increased 
level of fishing plus evidence that groups of people had been found with 
catches of abalone fat in excess of the legal limit of 36 per person.” 

The Premier, M> O'Connor, has called for a study of the threat to the reefs. 
He said: “Already a number of prosecutions are proceeding because of 
breaches of current regulations and persons found contravening the new ban 
wt be prosecuted.” "Trexe} (Canberra THE AUSTRALIAK in English 10 Mar 82 
p 2 

BASS STRAIT DRILLING--The new $240 million search for oil in Bass Strait 
will swing into the drilling phase in early May. First off the mrk will 
be the consortium headed by Shell, which plans to drill an exploration well 
in the northern part of the permit it won in last year's licensing round. 
Shell's group won the deep-water area, V80-3, while consortia headed by 
Australian Aquitaine and Phillips won the other two are** relinquished by 
Esso-BHP. ine semi-submersible rig, Diamond M Epoch, will drill the Shell 
group's first well into a fault trap lying on the basin side of the Rosedale 
fault system, It will prove more costly than the $5 million to $10 million 
cost typical of Bass Strait wells because the water is so deep--120m,. The 
well'’s target depth is 2000m, and Shell has maintained, in a fashion, the 
fishy flavor adopted by the Esso-BHP partne,ship in naming the well, But 
unlike Exsso-BHP, which gave its wells and fields names such as Brean, 
Fleunder, Tuna and the like, the first well by the Shell group will be 
cailed Haumerhead. It is thought likely the group will name later wells 
after other varieties of shark, [Text] (Canberra THF AUSTRALIAN in English 
ll Mar 82 p 13) 

NT OFFSHORE ACTIVITY--Melbourne--The offshore Northern Territory exploration 
well, Vulcan No. 1, located in licence area NI/P2, was spudded on March 8, 
Weeks Australia Ltd reported yesterday. Total planned depth is 4000m ‘na 
water depth of 110m. The well's target is a structural close adjacent to a 
large graben or trough running northeast to southwest through the permit 
area. “Oil prone source rock exists in the Kimmeridgian-Oxfordian (Jurassic) 
shales which are at least 1200m thick in portions of the Vulcan Graben,” 
Weeks said, “The well is on the opposite side of the major fault system to 
the Swan structure where gas and condensate reservoirs of upper cretaceous 
age and jurassic oil prone source rocks were penetrated," Weeks has a 23.75 
percent interest in this area of the licence, Western Australia Onshore Oil 
NL reported yesterday that the Yardie East No. 1 well in the Carnarvon Basin 
has drilled 3829m of its planned deviation driil of 5650m and is drilling 
ahead, The well is being drilled as a deviated hole from a shoreline surface 
location and has a planned vertical depth of 4,200m,. It is being drilled 
under a farmin agreement with the permit holder, WAPET. [Text] (Brisbane 
THE COURIER-MAIL in English 11 Mar 82 p 29] 

OFFSHORE TASMANIA PLIANS--Australian Consolidated Industries has continued 
its big push into resources by taking its first direct interest in petroleum 
exploration, ACI chairman Sir Andrew Grimwade said yesterday the company 
had taken a 25 percent interest in an exploration project off the western 
Tasmanian coast where the operator is the US-controlled Amco group. ACI's 
farm-in will mark the first Australian in the venture which involves two 
ireas, permit T/12P and offshore licence 5/75. Amoco will be left with a 
50 percent interest in the areas with remaining 25 percent split between a 
subsidiary of the Fluor group and Anschutz Overseas Corp. ACI signalled 
its desire to get into petroleum exploration some months ago when it unsuc- 
cessfully tendered for a keenly-sought Bass Strait lease, The company has 
a stated policy of placing 25 percent of its assets in resources during the 
1980s, Until now, its resource activity has been restricted to participa- 
tion in three big Queensland coal projects--the Curragh coal area (a 30 per- 
cent interest), German Creek (13 percent), and a stake in the Blair Athol 
development. Drilling is scheduled to begin un the Tasmanian areas in the 
second half of this year and the first well will be located about 15km 
northwest of Cape Sorrel. Sir Andrew said ACI's share of drilling costs 
would be financed out of ACI's existing loan facilities and shareholders 
would not be called on for further funds for the venture. /‘vext] 

[Canberra THE WEEKEND AUSTRALIAN in English 13-14 Mar 82 p 20] 

CSO: 5200/7531 


Dacca THE BANGLADESH OBSERVER in English 3 Apr 82 pp 1, 12 

[Text } 

all had to be protceted and 
stressed) that no unilateral 
¢.\porziion or 

co.ld ¢.ef acquire t siamp 
of )begitemacy. 

Thangladesh suggested that 
the goal could be achieved 
ty bridging the gaps between 
the United States and other 
potential sea b.d users on the 
ome hand acd the Group of 
7? and others sharing its (the 

(A €ain recognition ends re 
fiection to ite claim te ~@ batlry 

A: 5200/70% 

os — - fv to its wri. 
gcograph c 
lovical realities of its ssentinn 

He also called for adoption 
of a clear cut in 
Gclimiting the marntime boon. 
dary and reaching acrermente 
on the basis of cquitable solu. 
tion «made mandatory bv the 
current text. 

He also reiterated Bangladcsh 
demand for wniformity in the 
principles governing drehmita. 
tron & bringing the everiappine 
jurisdiction im territorial waters 
into conformity with article 74 
end 4). 

Pangladesh also suggested ¢t 
tend:na the provisions covering 
dlepute settlement sot only to 
futere situations but siw te 
pending cases of dlenutes 




Bombay THE TIMES OF INDIA in English 2 Apr 82 p 9 

[Text] United Nations, April 1 (UNI). 


India has supported giving the western 

consortia, or “pioneer investors,” an access to seabed resources, but has made it 

clear that the privilege should not be theirs alone. 

The law minister, Mr. Jagannath Kaushal, expressed broad agreement yesterday with 
recognising “the contribution made by pioneer investors in promoting seabed min- 
ing.” “This would assure the industrialised states of their access to the resources 
of the area in an orderly and regulated manner without creating a monopoly”, he 


Tie howewr:. adweed the third 
Linned Natonms conference on the law 
of the sta againet closing the door te 6 
posermie particrmaticn by developeng 
cowntrees om the dwection, 

The conference & at present debateng 
a orapesal by @ working group to pro- 
tt Porcer investors m seshed euple- 
rattan before the cenvention enters 
mite for ¢ 

Mtr. Kaevhol referred te the circula 
trom. a few days apo. of « paper that 
lLeved et comenta and the Sewset 
Limon as the cuteves and state rtape. 
tvely, encooed m scabed surveys, ond 
need m this coment teat Ime - 

hearme om toeum! oor need for memeral 
rese@erces fer e cement, dev clopment 

had ae 2 her @xmberrte thex & EP PPV PYRO 
heritage of mankind - the rebhes of 
the tu 

The criine to the delegates how India 
had threweh os research vessel befted 
reo lyre! al! modeles from ~@ dep) of 
<7) emetree trom the badien Ocean m@ 
jemeers. (OR). he todd the conference 
that becee hed stready apemt severe! 
milhes deliers m “he effort, hes des 
the cost ef shore, ood thet further re 
eanch ond servwey were ender wey. 


The frimecter Srenesed thet the “poe 
trom ol develepene commends ehewld he 

CSO: 5200/7035 

" a Par wh the other prioweer m- 
vesters, and wa made inferwor to 
them.” and added that tha would pro- 
mote the efiecewe ompicetion of the 
 @vention to cll states withowt drecr- 
menatren, at the samme time svoiding the 
ttiahinheet of @ monepely im the 
hanck of atew nm@ustriaheed cowntrees 

On nethonal | heraton -snovements, 
Mr. Kaushal send he government sup- 
ported thes mierests “both emotionally 
and poirta ally and felt the UN, 
councld for Namitha showld be @ perty 
to the cwmrentiion 

The couned was exteMivhed 16 years 
ate « hen the C.onere! Awwembly Gabhed 
the ram Sewth Afraon regeme there 
tiers! end @evited to briny Negpibie 
wander dre LW. oe i, a move yet 
wo he wnplemenied 



OFFSHORE DRILLING CONTRACTS--Tokyo, March 31. A $78 million contract for the con- 
struction of three offshore oil exploration platforms in the Bombay High area has 
been awarded by the Oil and Natural Gas Commission to a French-Japanese consortium. 
According to reports here today ONGC has placed a letter of intent with the group 
led by France's ETPM ending months of speculation over the selection of the suc- 
cessful bidder. The Japanese parties of the consortium are Kawasaki Steel Corpora- 
tion and Hitachi Shipbuilding and Engineering Company. The ETPM group was the 
second lowest bidder in the initial bidding after McDermott Incorporated of the 

U. S. However, in subsequent private negotiations ONGC is stated to have reacted 
favourably to the delivery schedules proposed by the French-Japanese group. The 
contract calls for the delivery of the platforms between February and April next 
year. The lion's share of the contract go¢s to ETPM which will undertake the in- 
Stallation of the three platforms. The group which is the world's third largest 
marine construction company will also manufacture two of the three platform sub- 
structures. [Text] [Madras THE HINDU in English 1 Apr 82 p 5] 

CSQ: 5200/7034 

OW250441 Tokyo KYODO in English 0426 GMT 2% Apr 82 
[Text] Fukuoka, April 25, KYODO -- Five Japanese fishing boats seized by North Korea 

in waters off the Korean west coast Saturday were all released within hours, according 
to the Maritime Safety Agency (MEA) officer here. 

The five vessels of two fishing companies in this western Japanese city were captured 
by North Korean warships while operating in the North Korean-proc)aimed exclusive fishing 


North Korean authorities were quoted as saying they released the boats as a guesture to 
mark celebrations of President Kim Il-song's 70th birthday. 

CSO: 5200/2071 



Bridgetown ADVOCATE-NEWS in English 30 





Monday, (CANA) - he 
Government of Antigua and 

Barbuda and the authorities in 
the French 
islands G have 
agreed in weekend here 

Agriculture, Robin Yearwood 
and the Minister o, State in the 
awe? A Foreign Affairs. 
Hugh rshall met with a 
team from the French island 
headed by the assistant to the 
prefect of Guadeloupe for 
external affairs, Mr. Max 

The Gua authorities 
agreed to look into the 
possibility of carrying ouf a 
study of the problem of 
poisonous algae which con- 
taminate the Redonda 
Fishing Bank off the coast of 
Antigua and Barbuda 

According to a communique 
on the talks, the French island 
also agreed to assist the 
Antigua-Barbuda Fishing 
Department in establishing 

management systems for the 




Mar 82 p 3 

fishing industry, to give 
technical assistance to 
fishermen here and to invite 

Barbuda noted that it 
recently drawn up con- 
servation measures for fishi 
resources within its territoria 
waters. As a result, fishermen 
will be restricted from fishing 
certain species from April 1, 

There will be restrictions on 
Sclpw the ota of pound 


or below the size of nine in- 

The fi of | bearing 
female will be ab- 
solutely prohibited,” the 
communique said. 

The government of Antigua 
and Barbuda has to 

open discussion with the 
authorities of the French 

G y 
be allowed to fish within this 
country's territorial waters. 



FRENCH, ROK FISHING BOATS SEIZED--Bissau, 21 Apr (AFP)-—-Two French and South 
Korean fishing boats have been seized by Guinea-Bissau's navy for illegally 
fishing in the territorial waters of that country, it was learned in Bissau 
on Wednesday. The minister of justice indicated that the case of the two 
beats--the “Captain Cook" and the “Han-sung No 5," which are accused of 
violating Guinea-Bissau's national sovereignty and the international law 

of the sea, will be submitted to the justice. The fish contents of the two 
boats have already been seized and sold publicly in conformity with a pre- 
vailing law in Guinea-Bissau. [Text] [AB211926 Paris AFP in French 1754 GMT 
21 Apr 82] 

CSO: 5200/5649 




Nairobi THE STANDARD in English 8 Apr 82 p 5 

(Text ] 



THE Minster for Tournsm and 
Wildlife. Mr. Elijah Mwangalic. has 
said that no fishing contracts would 
be given to foreign trawlers. whom 
he accused of soliciting for such 
contracts to exploit Kenya's fish 

Mr Mwangaic. who toured the Fishenes 
Department om Naot vesterday . lashed out 
at forergn cxplornicrs for orpaneung a Mafia 
type vwstem = among devclopang counties for 

said such aotonows activities had been 

common withen Kenya's 20D mics terrmtonal 
waters which comprned WED s wuare 
kidemectres and the Crowerament was taking 
<inmecet measures to cut out the cuplorters 
Ik appealed to decrmen-makers te cmerc 
they de not fail the country. Mr. Mwangaic 
wed decwon-makers had an obhgation for 
the country's wellare 

the sand fishernes had a great potential us a 
mayo forcegn exchange caract He Minit 
had a heavy responsiblity of developing the 
frsheng endustry to crsurc matimum produc. 
thon to meet the high demand 

He said be Minetry was ottamnng huge 
suppert from force cowntnes te finance 
Sarrous progects Phe Itahan eoworament fed 
even Shs | 5 milhen tor fealty wedies 
amed at cupendeng the tehene modecry 

The Menmtrs «as tokeng appropriate mea- 
sures to avend over fehene m venous areas 
such a twkhe Nakere and Lake Narwasha 
where vhost all the tah had hoon caught 



The Meeeter sand Kenva’s total fish pro- 
duchon m 19%! wa cstimated te be ahout 
SS 10) toms whech carned morc than Shs. 100 
mihon The efcatet produce arca was 
Lake Vectors woth acarly 40.108) toms 

Another may prodection arca was Lake 
lurkana. where the Norwegian Agency for 
Imernatronal Devclupment (NORAD) 
ad of Sis 33 enllics tr extabdich o modem 
factity for fish procewang 

Work on the project was 

Mr. Mwangale also said fish 
farming programmes were 
underway throughout the 



LD180642 Moscow TASS in English 0638 GMT 18 Apr 82 

[Text] Moscow, 18 Apr, TASS -- Follows the full text of the decree of the Supreme Soviet 

the USSR: 

"On Temporary Measures for the Regulation of the Activities of Sovie* Enterprises in 
the Prospecting for and the Development of the Mineral Resources of the Sea-Bed Beyond 
the Limits of the Continental Shelf” 

states have, without waiting for the conclusion of a new international 
convention being drafted at the 3rd United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea in 
keeping with Resolution 2749 of the (25th) United Nations General Assembly, been adopting 
wuts permitting their natural and legal persons to conduct the prospecting for and the 
development of the mineral resources of the areas of the sea-bed beyond the limits of the 

Lately a number ot 

continental shelf. 

Union comes out and will continue to come out for the settlement of urgent 
problems of the legal regime of the world ocean on an international basis and for the con- 
clusion for this purpose of a convention which would solve all the issues of the law of 
wa, specifically the issues of the utilisation of the mineral resources of the sea-bed 
weyond the Limits of the continental shelf, comprehensively, in their inter-relation, on 
and equal basis, and taking account of the legitimate interests of all states. 

Ihe Soviet 

1 just 

\t the same time taking into consideration that other states unilaterally begin the 

of the mineral resources of the sea-bed beyond the limits of the 
ontinental shelf, the Soviet Union is compelled io take measures to protect its ,nterests 
the prospecting for and the development of the said resources. 

practical development 
in respect of 
The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR resolves: 

1. Competent agencies of the USSR can issue permissions to Soviet enterprises for the 
prospecting for, as well as permissions for the development of the mineral resources of 
the areas of the sea bed beyond the limits of the continental shelf (hereinafter referred 
to as “areas of the sea-bed"), to determine the dimensions and geographical coordinates 
of the areas of the sea-bed in respect of which such permissions are issued. 

2. Issuing permissions in accordance with Article 1 of the present decree the Soviet 

state does not lay claims to the establishment of sovereignty, sovereign or exclusive 
rights, jurisdiction or the right of ownership with respect to any areas of the sea-bec 

or their resources, and does not recognise claims of such kind on the part of other states. 

The USSR exercises jurisdiction with respect to Soviet legal persons taking part in the 
conduct of the prospecting for and the development of the mineral resources of the areas 


of the sea-bed, with respect to ships, stationary or mobile installations used by Soviet 
enterprises in carrying out the said operations, as well as with respect to natural persons 
on these ships and installations. 

3. On the basis of reciprocity the USSR shall conduct cooperation cm matters of the pro- 
specting for and the development of the mineral resources of the areas of the sea-bed 

with the states which recognise the permissions issued to Soviet enterprises in accordance 
with the present decrec. 

The competent Soviet agencies shall notify the states envisaged by part one of the present 
article of applications received from Soviet enterprises for the issue of permissions for 
the prospecting for or the development of the mineral resources of the areas of the sea- 
bed, as well as of permissions issued for the conduct of such work. 

4. <A permission for the prospecting for the mineral resources of the areas of the sea- 
bed shall be issued on condition that an application for such a permission mentions two 
areas recognised as promising with regard to mineral resources. One of these areas is to 
be utilised by the enterprise which has received the permission, while the other is to 

be reserved for possible prospecting and development by a future international sea-bed 

The total territory of the areas of the sea-bed in respect of which permissions envisaged 

by the present decree are issued for the prospecting for or the development of the mineral 
resources of the sea-bed, should not surpass reasonable limits with account for the legi- 

timate interests of other states. 

5. Enterprises which have received corresponding permissions acquire an exclusive right 
for the prospecting for or the development of the mineral resources in the areas of the 
sea-bed in a region specified in the permission. 

6. Enterprises which have received permissions for the developmert of the mineral resources 
of the areas of the sea-bed have tLe right to begin it not earlie: than January 1, 1988. 

7. On the basis of the treaties between the USSR and the states concerned foreign natural 
and legal persons can take part in the prospecting for and the development of the mineral 
resources of the areas of the sea-bed conducted by Soviet enterprises, and the Soviet 
enterprises -- take part in carrying out the said operations conducted by foreign natural 
and legal persons. 

8. The compe -nt agencies of the USSR conduct cooperation on the basis of international 
treaties of the USSR with foreign states concerned for the purpose of rendering assistance 
to them in the development of technology, in the production of equipment, in carrying 

out measures to prevent the pollution of the natural environment, in the training of per- 
sonnel and in other matters pertaining to the prospecting for and development of the mineral 
resources of the areas of the sea-bed. 

9. The conduct of the prospecting fer and the development of the mineral resources of the 
ireas of the sea-bed by Soviet organizations must not create ungrounded obstacles for the 
exercise of the principle of freedom of the seas and the legitimate activities in the world 
oocan, and also must not contradict the international commitments of the USSR under the 
treaties concluded carlier. 

10. The construction by Soviet enterprises of stationary installations for carrying out the 
prospecting for and the development of the mineral resources cf the areas of the sea-bed, 

and the creation around the stationary and mobile installations of safety zones which 

may stretch to a distance of up to 500 metres from the installations, counting from any point 
of their outward edge, is allowed oniy with the permission of the competent agencies of the 
USSR. The installations should hive means of warning for ensuring the safety of the sea and 


air navigation with regard for the norms and standards envisaged by ‘nternational organi- 
zations. The establishment of the said stationary and ecbile instllations and the creation 
of safety zones arousd them is reported in the “notices to the mariners”. 

Enterprises responsible for the maintenance and exploitation of the stationary and mobile in- 
stallations ervisaged by part one of the present article should ensure their safety and 

the maintenance in order of permanent meonms of warning of the existence of these 
installations Stationary and mobile installations, the operation of which has been 

ended, should be removed if they can create obstacles for the navigation, fishing and other 
types of the legitimate uses of the seas. 

ll. Im case the prospecting for and the development of the mineral resources of the areas 

of the sea-bed are carried out by Seviet enterprises with the participation of foreign natural 
and legal persons, ships, stationary and mobile instllations belonging to foreign natural 

amd legal persons are under the jurisdiction of the corresponding foreign state with the 
exception of cases when directly envisaged otherwise by a treaty between the I'SSP and the 
foreign state concerned. ‘ 

12. The gineral resources recovered by Soviet enterprises in the areas of the sea-bed, 
as well es the data and samples received during the prospecting for these mineral resources 
ate state property of the USSR. 

13. In case of the prospecting for and the “velopment of the mineral resources of the 
areas of the sea-bed are conducted by Soviet enterprises with the participation of foreign 
natural or legal persons, the minera! recources, may in accordance with a treaty betveen 
the USSR and the foreign state concerned fully or partially become the preperty of that 
State or natural and legal persons under its jurisdiction. 

14. In the conduct by Seviet enterprises of the prospecting for and the development of 
the mineral resources of the areas of the sea-bed necessary measures should be taken to 
ensure an effective protection of the natural environment from harmfwl influence vhich may 
arise as a consequence of such operations. 

15. For violating the provisions of the present decree or the regulations issued in its 
fulfillment, Seviet officia'ts and citizens found guilty bear criminal, administrative or 
other responsibility in keeping with the legislation of the USSR and the union republics. 

16. In case of disputes with the agencies of foreign states over the issue of permissions 
to Soviet enterprises for the prospecting for or the development of the mineral resources 

of the arcas of the sea-bed, as well as over actions committed by foreign legal or natural 
persons creating obstacles for Soviet enterprises in carrying out the operations envisaged 
by the said permissions, competent Soviet agencies shall take necessary measures to settle 
them in keeping with the procedures envisaged by the United Nations Charter. 

In case foreign legal or natural persons cause damage to the property of Soviet enter- 

prises conducting the prospecting for or the development of the mineral resources of the 
ireas of the sea-bed, the competent Soviet agencies take measures to recover in keeping 

with the established procedure the damages caused. 

l7. ihe competent Soviet agencies ensure security of the citizens taking part in the 
prospecting for and the development of the mineral resources of the areas of the 
sea-bed carried out by Soviet enterprises, as well as the safety of the property used 
in carrying out these operations. 

18. Part of the proceeds received from the development of the mineral resources of 
the areas of the sea-bed by Soviet enterprises shall be used to set up a special fund 
in accordance with the procedure and in amount to be specified by the Council of 
Ministers of the USSR. 


The proceeds transferred to the fund may be handed over to a future international 
sea-bed authority for the purpose of the fulfillment of the obligations of the USSR 
which will arise in connection with a new convention on the law of the sea being drafted. 

19. The procedure of the issue of permissions for the prospecting for and the development 
of the mineral resources of the areas of the sea-bed and of carrying out these operations 
are to be determined by the Council of Ministers of the USSR. 

20. The present decree shall be cancelled after a new convention on the law of the 
sea takes effect with respect to the USSR. 

President of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR L. Brezhnev, Secretary of 
the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR M. Georgadze, Moscow, the Krenlin. 

[A comparison of the foregoing TASS text of the Sutreme Soviet decree on 
the Law of the Sea with the version published by iioscow IZVESTIYA in 
Russian on 18 April in the Morning Edition on pages one and two, the 
apparent text of the USSR Supreme Soviet Presidium Decree “On Temporary 
Measures for the Regulation of the Activities of Soviet Enterprises in 
Prospecting for and Developing Seabed Mineral Resources Beyond the Limits 
of the Continental Shelf," reveals the fcllowing variation: 

[IZVESTIYA rewords Resolution No 13 to read: 

[13. Im case of the prospecting for the development of the mineral 
resources of the areas of the sea-bed are conducted by Soviet enterprises 
with the par.icipation of foreign natural or legal persons, the mineral 
resources extracted in the seabed region and also the data and samples 
obtained during prospecting for these mineral resources may in accordance 
with a treaty between the USSR and the foreign state concerned fully or 
partially become the property of that state or natural and legal persons 
under its jurisdiction. ] 

CSO: 5200/2071 


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- eS —— a 


LD180736 Moscow TASS in English 0730 GMT 18 Apr 82 

[Text] Moscow, 18 Apr, TASS -- A heated discussion has been under way for the second 
month now at the UN Headquarters in New York, at the llth session of the Third UN Law 
of the Sea Conference, the newspaper SOTSIALISTICHESKAYA INDUSTRIYA writes today. 

The draft convention on the law of the sea was prepared in eight previous years. The 
draft convention created an international legal foundation for long-term cooperation 
between all states of the world in various spheres of the use of the seas and development 
of the resources of the world ocean. This is a single, comprehensive code of principles 
and norms of contemporary law of the sea, which reflects the balance of accords between 
all parties to the negotiations and which gives nobody unilateral advantages and benefits. 

Articles and the main provisions of the draft convention were approved at the previous 
sessions by all countries, including the United States. 

Influenced by mining and steel making companies, the Reagan administration, which took 
office early last year, went back on the previous accords and unilaterally demanded a 
revision of the most important sections of the convention, particularly the section 
which regulates the norms and the rules of development of mineral resources on the 
sea bed . 

The matter is, the article runs, American companies, in view of unreliability of 
raw material imports for the U.S. industry, have lately started displaying a still 
greater interest in the possibility cf extracting strategic raw materials from sea and 
ocean beds. 

The U.S. attempts to have a fundamental revision of the draft convention on the law of 
the sea were firmly turned down by many capitalist, developing and socialist countries. 

The Soviet Union advocates and will continue advocating settlement of burning problems 
of the legal regime of the world ocean on the international foundation and conclusion 

for the purpose of a convention, which would provide for a comprehensive sett l]l/ment 
of problems in their mutual connection, on a fair and equitable foundation, with due 
account for the legitimate interests of all states. 

Meanwhile, SOTSIALISTICHESKAYA INDUSTRIYA stresses, since other states unilaterally 
start practically developing the mineral resources of the sea bed outside the boundaries 
of the continental shelf, the Soviet Union is compelled to take steps to protect its 
interests in the sphere of surveying and developing sea bed resources. 

CSO: 5200/2071 




LD191906 Moscow World Service in English 1600 GMT 19 Apr 82 

[Yuriy Soltan commentary on UN Law of the Sea Conference] 

[Text] The purpose of the conference is to complete this year the drafting of an inter- 
nationel convention in utilization of the resources of the world oceans. 

The draft is practically ready. Once the convention comes into force it -ill prevent 
over-exploitation of the riches of the oceans and guarantee every nation, without 
exception access to them. 

The Soviet Union, as a nation washed by three oceans, has contributed much to the draft. 
Its attitude has been that all matters relating to utilization of the mineral resources 
of the seabed should be adjusted comprehensively on a fair and equal basis with regard 
for the legitimate interests of all countries. This position has met with the support 

of most of the other participants in the conference and is central to the draft already 

The previous United States administration finally accepted it too, but now the Reagan 
administration has withdrawn support. It seems to have made it a practice to violate 
international treaties and agreements without a second thought. The United States dele- 
gation demands a whole series of revisions that would amount to rewriting the draft 
already agreed. According to the New York TIMES, the United States is doing this to 
benefit its mining companies. The American Congress has already issued licenses to 
several corporations to engage in prospecting and mining in deep seawaters beyond the 
Continental Shelf. 

The only countries that have supported the United States at the conference are Britain, 
Federal Germany, France and Japan. They appear to be attracted by the American idea of 
ensuring a small group of imperialist states a dominant position in the new economic 

area of deep sea mining. The large group of developing nations a . the socialist nations 
oh’ ect to the efforcs of the United States and some of its allies to guarantee their 
corporations praccically unlimited rights to mine the seabed. But these efforts have 
threatened the conference with a breakdown. 

The Soviet Union will continue to insist on a fair law governing deep sea mining in the 
form of an international convention, but in the circumstances it must protect its 
interests. The presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet, or the national parliament, has 
therefore decreed that the government can issue licenses to Soviet enterprises foi 
prospecting and mining mineral resources on the seabed. These permits will not 
constitute a claim to sovereignty or exclusive rights over any areas of the seabed 

or their resources. At the sam time, the Soviet Unio’ does not recognize claims of 
this kind by any other nation. The decree also says the measures it stipulates are 
temporary and will be cancelled when an international convention on the law of the 

sea comes into force, with the Soviet Union as a signatory. 

CSO: 5200/2071 



PM221513 Moscow SOTSIALISTICHESKAYA INDUSTRIYA in Russian 18 Apr 82 p 3 
[Article by 1. Sivtsev: "Maneuvers Over the Sea Bed"] 

[Text] The struggle at the llth secsion of the third UN Law of the Sea Conference has been 
raging for 2 months at UN Headquarters in New York. Representatives of 157 countries 
including the socialist countries are participating in its work. 

In the previous 8 years a draft convention was prepared which established a basis in 
international law for long-term cooperation among all states of the world in various 
spheres of the use of the seas and of the exploitation of the world oceans’ resources. 

This is a unified all-embracing code of the principles and norms of the present-day 
law of the sea reflecting a balance of accords among all participants in the talks and 
giving no unilateral benefits or advantages to anyone. 

The draft convention, which contains over 500 articles and provisions, establishes a 
l2-mile zone, a regime for territorial waters and a regime for straits; sets a 200-mile 
exclusive economic zone; and grants littoral countries the right to prospect for and 
extract oil and gas at sea up to 350 miles from the coast, a right which did not pre- 
viously exist in the law of the sea. An international legal regime for exploiting the 
resources of the sea bed beyond the continental shelf was also formulated. 

The draft convention's articles and main provisions were approved at previous sessions 

by all countries, including the United States. However, under the influence of mining 

and steel companies, the Reagan administration, which came to power at the beginning 

of last year, reneged on the previous agreements and unilaterally demanded a review of 

the convention's major sections, particularly the cection governing the norms and rules 
of exploiting mineral resources on the sea bed. 

The point is that U.S. companies, taking into account the unreliability of imports as a 
means of providing U.S. industry, have recently begun to show increasing interest in 
extracting strategic raw materials from the sea and ocean beds. According to available 
data, the sea bed's resources are several times greater than the discovered resources of 
111 countries. The northern Pacific sea bed alone is covered with an area of about 

6 million square kilometers of polymetallic nodules. The stocks of metals contained 

in them are 5 times greater than discovered nickel reserves, 8-9 times greater than 
discovered manganese reserves and 35 times greater than discovered cobalt reserves. 

Four international consortiums have emerged in the United States recently which are 
interested in developing minerals at sea. They are the Kennecot Croup, Ocean Mining 
Associates, Ocean Management and the Ocean Minerals Company. 

Other U.S. companies such as U.S. Steel and Lockheed have already invested about $200 
million in develcping marine drilling machinery. They are attracte! not just by the 

sea bed's weslth but by prospects of the uncontrolled extraction of strategic materials. 
“The United States,” the New York TIMES writes, “wants to cancel all mining restrictions 
and open the sea bed to any private company entitled to claim ir.” 

The U.S. attempts to bring about 4 radical revision of the draft law of the sea convention 
were resolutely rejected by many capitalist, developing and socialist countries. 

"The USSR delegation,” S.P. Kozyrev, USSR deputy foreign sinister and head of the Soviet 
delegation at the conference, stressed in particular, “expresses the hope that the United 
States and certain of its allies will once and for all cease the attempts at gaining 
advantages and privileges for themselves alone to the detriment of other countries’ 

and peoples’ interests.” 

The Soviet Union advocates and will continue to advocate the settlement of the urgent 
problems of a legal regime for the world ocean on an international basis and, with this 
aim in mind, the conclusion of a convention in which all questions of the law of the 

sea -- in particular, questions of using sea bed mineral resources beyond the continental 
shelf -- would be resolved comprehensively and interconnectedly on a jus. «.d equitable 
basis taking account of all states’ legitimate interests. 

Meanwhile, taking into account the fact that other states are unilaterally beginning the 
practical exploitation of sea bed mineral resources beyond the continental shelf, the 
Soviet Union is compelled to take measures in defense of its interests with regard to 
the prospecting and development of the above-mentioned resources. 

CSO: 5200/2071 


NC280702 Istanbul MILLIYET in Turkish 23 Apr 82 pp 9, 14 

[“They and We" colum by Mehmet Ali Birand: “Turkey Cannot Sign This 
Agreement” | 

[Excerpts] If no important changes are made in the law of the sea convention 
which has been under discussion within the UN framework for many years and 
which has now reached its final stages--and if it is impossible to make the 
changes we would like--Turkey cannot sign this agreement. 

The convention contains such provisions that no matter how many reservations 
we add to it, by signing it, we cannot avoid making the Aegean a present to 
Greece. Some of the salient points of this convention are: Section 3 
declares that every state is entitled to extend its territorial waters to 

2 miles. There is no provision clarifying the fact that this is not appli- 
cable to semiclosed seas like the Aegean, which is a special case. 

One can conclude that, in its present form, the convention is full of 
ambiguous concepts and that it does not stipulate any clearly stated provi- 
sions which could be used to protect Turk. y*’s interests in the Aegean. 

Addressing the United Nations on 30 March, Turkish delegate Kirca expressed 
reservations on this point. But is this adequate’? 

No matter from what perspective we look at it, if the convention is accepted, 
Papandreou will be legally entitled to convert the Aegean into a hellenic 
lake. At the least, he will consider himself entitled to this right. 

furkey’s sole hope is an obj..ction by the United States to certain sections 
that it has previously accepted. This is an extremely difficult approach. 
These are such fundamental sections that envisage their free use by a cowtry 
with technical superiority, although developing countries consider these 
waters within their own jurisdiction. In other words, these are extremely 
difficult demands to be agreed upon. 

If the agreement does not materialize, it will be some relief for Ankara. 

If it does, it will mark the beginning of the most dangerous period in 
Turkish-Greek relations, because it will be extremely difficult for 
Papandreou to rid himself of the glamor which the advantages of this conven- 
tion will give him. What is more, the Greek opposition will try to squeeze 
him into the corner by reminding him of his past promises. 

the law of the sea convention has turned the Aegean into a time bomb, but 
most of us do not realize this. 

CSO: 5200/5309 END