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JPRS 84640 

28 October 1983 

China Report 

No. 466 



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JPRS 84640 
28 October 1983 


No. 466 





Shultz’ Middle Fast Trip Analyzed 
No ll, 1 Jun POPP PTETETITITrrrryesrryeyrrrsrrrrrrrriTy 1 

Pro~-Afghan News Report From Moscow Radio Station Monitored 

16 Jun ) POPP PPPPTETEPTrrrreryrerereryrryesrresrrerrreerriT ere 4 

PRC Press Delegation Touring DPRK 6 
§. Korean Dissident Youth Activity 6 

President Marcos Rejects Call To Step Down 
(XINHUA, 20 Sep BF) cccccccccsecccccececccecceeerosoce 7 

Philippine Muslims Call for Political Amnesty 
(XINHUA, 8 Oct } )PYYPTTELTITITITIrryres+rrresrrryyryrrrirTy 8 

Marcos Says Force Will Be Met With Force 
(XINHUA, 25 Sep OD) 00 00000000000000000000000000000008 9 

Philippines Deplores Refusal To Invite Sihanouk 
(XINHUA, 23 Sep OP) 0 000000000000000000000000000bbbbe 10 

-a- (III - CC = 80] 

Philippine Students Plan Antigovernment Rally 
(XINHUA, 30 Sep tr 066006600000000000040CCCO0CCC CCE 

Permission Given 
Students Protest ‘Repression, Terrorism’ 

Indonesian Government Urged To Beware of Soviet Activities 

Thai Officer Says SRV Preparing Offensive in Kampuchea 
(XINHUA, 22 Sep SEP coccccoceccecoocceceeeeeoeosoocee 

Sitthi Says Kampuchean Resistance Progressing 

Son Sann Issues Statement on KPNLF Anniversary 

Thai Foreign Minister Urges Kampuchean Settlement 
(XINHUA, 4 Oct ') PPPPPTTTTTTTITITrirrrrrrrrirrrirrrTyy yr 

Singapore Foreign Minister Views Kampuchea Issue 
(XINHUA, 5 Oct )) PPPYTTTITITTTTTrrrirrrsrrryrrirriri Ty 

Jordan Reconsiders Stance on Kampuchean Issue 
(XINHUA, 26 Sep —) | PPYTTILTLTTTTTTTTrrrryyryrrrrrrriyy: 

More SRV Troops Dispatched to Kampuchea 

Kampuchean Radio Condemns SRV Bombardments 
(XINHUA, 28 Sep _) ) PUUTTTTTITTTTTTTTTTriTrrrrrrrrri ye 

Democratic Kampuchea Appeals for UN Seat 
(XINHUA, 29 Sep ) ) PPYTTTITITITTTTTTTTrrryerrrrrryiTyTe 

Sihanouk Addresses UN on Kampuchean Issue 
(XINHUA, 5 Oct ) ) PPPTTTILITTITTTiTTTrrrirrrrrrrriTey Te 

SRV Urged To Head World Opinion on Kampuchea 
(CHINA DAILY, 8 Oct OD) ccccccccecccceeceeeococeeeeee 

VODK Refutes Vietnamese Proposal on Kampuchea 

Vietnamese Troops Shell KPNLF Headquarters 

Thai Spokesman Rejects Kampuchean Charges 
(XINHUA, 16 Sep OP) 000000000000000 00000 COC OOO OOOObCeS 

















Thai Foreign Minister Confident on DK Vote in UN 
(XINHUA, 16 Sep >» PPPPPTTTTEPTTrrrryrrryrryrrrryrrrryy 31 

Thai Reports Claim Hanoi Plans To Assimilate 
(XINHUA, 10 Oct | FPPPPTTTTTYYrrrrrrrrrrrr eeeneaeaee@ 32 

Thailand Opposes Euromissiles Transfer to Asia 
(XINHUA, 21 Sep PPP TT TT TTT TrTrTrTyryrryrrrrryrrrr 33 

BANGKOK POST Outlines Soviet Threat to Asia 
(XINHUA, 20 Sep PPPOE TTTTTTTTTrTrrrryrrrrrrryryrr. 34 

ASEAN Parliamentarians Meet in Singapore 
(XINHUA, 6 Oct >) PYTTTTTTTLUTYTTTTTrerryyyryrrryryyrrrey: 35 

Thai Papers on PRC Sovereignty Over Hong Kong 
(XINHUA, 28 Sep ) ) PPYYTTYTYTTTTTTrrryrrrrrrrrrrirryy 36 

Sihanouk Visits Belgium 13-15 September 
(XINHUA, 19 Sep ) )PPYTTITITITITITTrryrrrersrryryrrrrsyTTy 37 

New Zealand To Establish First Mediation Body 
(XINHUA, 40 Sep —) ) PPYYTTITITTTTTTTTrrryrryrrsryrryrriry 38 

Australia Reaffirms Support for ANZUS Treaty 
(XINHUA, 16 Sep >) PYYTTTTTTTTTTTrrresrryryrryrrerryriry 39 

African Support on Kampuchea 40 
Thai Patrols Attacked 40 
SRV Troop Plan Rejected 40 
Kampuchean Resistance 41 
Kampuchean UN Seat 41 
Philippine Unity 41 
SRV in Kampuchea 42 


Iran-Iraq War Causing Grave Concern in World 
(CHINA DAILY, 23 Sep >) PYYETTTTITTTTrrryeyryeyrrrriry 43 

Afghan Question Reviewed by Beijing Journal 

16 Jun 83) 000 00000000000000000000000000000 000000 bb8 45 

USSR Official Ends 5-Day Visit to Egypt 
(XINHUA, 23 Sep +) PPTTTTTTTITrryrryryrryryrryryrrrrrriy 48 

Christian, Muslim Unity Needed for Mideast Peace 

(CHINA DALLY, 17 Sep PPPPPPPTPPyrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrr 49 
Ghandi Criticizes U.S., French Action in Lebanon 

(XINHUA, 24 Sep  PPPPPTTTTTTTTTTTTTrrryryyr yyy yTrTrTyr 51 

Chinese~Aided Road in Sudan 52 

Hospital in N. Yemen 52 


BEIJING REVIEW Interviews Zimbabwe's President 
(Canaan S. Banana Interview; BEIJING REVIEW, No 35, 

29 Aug i) PYYTTVITTEPTTTrrerryreerrerreserrrrerersrererer ee 55 

Mugabe Calls for Namibian Independence 
(XINHUA, 22 Sep >) PPYTTTTITITITrrrrrrrrrrrrirrirTe 55 

Mugabe Criticizes U.S, Attitude on Namibia 
(XINHUA, 25 Sep +) PPYTTTTITITTrTTersrseesrrrsrrirrriieiT ye 56 

Foreign Journalists Briefed on Chad Situation 
(XINHUA, 13 Sep >») PPYYTTITTITTTITTTrri1sreyeeerrrreiTyTy 57 


Marital Situation of Nation’ Population Analyzed 
No 4, 29 Jul OS) ccccccccceseeeececceccccccceeeceoece 59 

On-the-Spot Family Planning Work Conference Reported 
No 4, 29 Jul i) PPP PEPE PEPE PTEPPPETIrTrrrerereererereeee, 63 

Higher Learning Institute for Democrats Opens 
(XINHUA, 11 Sep + )PPYTETITTITrTreryryyrerrrerrrirsrrrrreyy 66 

Graduate Student Admissions 67 



Work Report, Proposals of Shandong Discipline Inspection 
(DAZHONG RIBAO, 21 Jul BB) ccccccccccccccccecceeccees 68 



Guangxi Restructures Party, Government Departments 
(Guangxi Regional Service, 21 Aug Sep ccccceececceres 


Birth Control Policy Continues in Sichuan 

29 Jul _)) PYYTTLTETTTTTTTTrryrryrrrrrTr '@eeaeaaeeeuwer eee 


CPC Secretary on Leading Patriotic Education 
(Gao Zhzaxiang, speech excerpts; HEBEI RIBAO, 

27 Sep SEP cccccccccceceeeececccceeeeeecceecccceeocoees 

Reasons for Appearance of Criminal Activity Examined 
(Sheng Yimo; BEIJING RIBAO, 26 Aug 83). cccccccccccees 

Increased Respect, Self-Esteem in Cadres Urged 
(Wang Xiaohe; HEBEI RIBAO, 23 Aug 83)...cccccceverece 

Tianjin Legal Advisory Office 


Propaganda Work Meeting on Deng'’s ‘Works’ 
(NINGXIA RIBAO, 20 Aug 53) cccccccccsccccccccccceneeee 

NINGXIA RIBAO Urges Study of Deng'’s ‘Works’ 
(Editorial; NINGXIA RIBAO, 21 Aug BS) ccccccccccccccecs 

Qinghai National Epics Meeting 
Xinjiang PLA Products Fair 
Shaanxi Women's Delegation 


Taipei Urges Free Choice on Hong Kong's Future 
(Taipei Internat ional Service, 28 Sep 63) woccccvccce 

Commentary on Soviet Indifference to KAL Affair 
(CNA, 24 Sep OP) 0 00000000000000000000000000b0C0bCCbe 












Reagan, Zhao Visits Viewed as Threat to Taiwan 
(Taipei International Service, 2 Oct 83)..ecccccecees 

Taipei Radio Questions U.S.-'Red China’ Ties 
(CNA, 30 Sep Ds ccsseddsescacedadosdsdsoceseeecoeecee 

Editorial Warns of U.S. Arms Sales to Beijing 
(Editorial; CHINA POST, 29 Sep 83) ccccccccccecccccoes 

Wang Sheng’s Appointment, Paraguay Ties Viewed 
(Chiang Wei-shuo; CHUNG YANG JIH PAO, 21 Sep 83)..... 

Taiwan Premier Delivers Administrative Report 

Foreign Minister on Technology Sales to Mainland 

Restrictions on Forming New Parties To Remain 

Taipei Radio Views PRC-UK Talks on Hong Kong 
(Taipei International Service, 24 Sep 83) ccvccveccees 

‘Excerpts’ of Premier Sun's Work Report 
(CHINA POST, 24 Sep SS) cocccccceccceccecvoeceecoeeoes 

Chiang Meets Costa Rican Vice President 
(CNA, 29 Sep > | POYUTTTITTTITTTTTTTTTrirriririrririry yyy 

Official Says CAL-KAL Talks Gaining Momentum 
(CNA, 29 Sep >) PYTTTTTTTITIT TTT TTTTiririririrryrryTiTe 

Alliance With PRC | 
New Taiwan-Singapore Association 














Beijing SHIJIE ZHISHI [WORD KNOWLEDGE] in Chinese No 11, 1 Jun 83 p 9 

[Article by Gao Shitong [7559 0013 0681]: "Can Shultz Bring Peace to Middle 

[Text] From 25 Apr to 8 May, Secretary of State George Shultz of the United 
States made a busy and crucial shuttle visit to six countries including Egypt, 
Israel, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria and Saudi Arabia one after another. Lebanon 
and Israel reached an accord concerning the withdrawal of Israeli troops on 6 

Prior to Shultz's visit, the situation in Middle East was that because Israel 
insisted on its preemptory demands, negotiations between Lebanon, Israel and 
the United States on the withdrawal of troops had lasted for 4 months without 
having achieved any result, that conflicts between militia of the two different 
factions in Lebanon had been intensified, that the United States Embassy in 
Lebanon was bombed, that negotiations between Jordan and PLA had been suspended, 
that relations between Syria and Israel were strained, and that the Reagan plan 
was met with a setback which would probably bring it to a premature end. At 
the same time, the Soviet Union changed its attitude of sitting idle as it had 
in the past and strengthened its influence over matters with regard to the 
Middle East. 

The main purpose of Shultz's trip was to stabilize moderate Arabian countries 
thorugh the realization of an agreement on withdrawal of troops and other 
activities to reactivate the already grounded Reagan plan in order to strengthen 
and expand strategic interests of the United States in Middle East and prevent 
the Soviet Union from further interfering in Middle Last affairs. 

During his trip, Shultz attached special importance to both L-banon and Israel 
in carrying out his mission. This was because Lebanon is the meeting point of 
various Middle East contradictions, the most congepicuous being the conflict be- 
tween the Arabian countries and Israel. Both the United States and the Soviet 
Union have been utilizing contradictions between the Arabian countries and 
Israel to serve their own interests respectively and have entered into a rivalry 
with each other in Lebanon and in other Middle East areas. 

Since the Lebanon crisis last year, the United States has taken the settlement 
of the Lebanon issue as a breakthrough to purposely propel the Middle East 
situation forward toward a direction favorable to the United States. The issue 
of the withdrawal of all foreign troops from Lebanon is a key to the Lebanon 
issue at present. This issue not only directly involves Lebanon, Syria and the 
PLO, but also produces an impact throughout the entire Arabian world. 

The main contents of the Lebanon-Israeli agreement on withdrawal of troops 
state that the state of war between Lebanon and Israel is to be terminated, 
that the Israeli troops are to be withdiawan to a mutually recognized border 
area within 8 to 12 weeks after the agreement is formally signed, that 45 
kilometers in the south of Lebanon is to be designated as a security area which 
is to be controled by Lebanese Government troops, that the pro-Israeli Haddad 
troops are to be reorganized and put under government control, but Haddad him- 
sel, can only hold the title of deputy commander of the public security unit 

in southern Lebanon, that Israel has to assign 5O servicemen to participate in 
the joint supervisory patrol unit, and that separate negotiations on bilateral 

relations between Lebanon and Israel are to be held 6 months after the withdrawal 
of troops. In this agreement, there is also an article concerning the withdrawal 

of Syrian troops and PLO armed forces from Lebanon. This agreement in four 
different versions was formally signed respectively in Khaldah of Lebanon and 
Qiryat Shemona, Israel. 

The contents of this agreement indicate that both Lebanon and Israel have made 
accommodations. Israel has made some “concessions” from its original stubborn 
stand. This is not because Shultz has some diplomatic magic with him, but it 
is Israel which is considering its own gains and losses. Israel intends to 
take advantage of this agreement to gain something both politically and in 
publicity so that it can, on the one hand, calm down the dissatisfaction both 
at home and abroad and even within the inner circle of the ruling group and, on 
the other hand, exchange this for greater support from the United States. The 
United States has agreed to lift the ban on supplying 75 F-16 fighter-bombers, 
to provide Israel with advanced technology for manufacturing the Lavi type 
fighter and to increase economic aid to Israel. 

After signing the agreement, with Israel really withdraw its troops? It is 
still uncertain. Israel still insists its demand that the withdrawal of 
Israeli troops must be accompanied by a sumultaneous withdrawal of both Syrian 
and PLO troops. The United States has expressed its “understanding” of the 
Israeli demand. Therefore, it is Israel which is intentionally to devise a 
strategem that “if others do not withdraw, I would not withdraw.” It intends 
to shift its own responsibility of delay onto others. 

Newspapers in the United States have disseminated the idea that the Lebanon- 
Israeli agreement is an “important victory” achieved by the Shultz trip. How- 
ever, AFP regarded Shultz as having achieved only half a success because he 
was not able to convince Syria to alter its negative attitude toward the agree- 

The reactions of the Arabian countries toward this agreement vary. Egypt and 
Jordan indicated their support. The majority of the Arabian countries includ- 


ing Saudi Arabia said they would respect Lebanon's choice. Most of the opposi- 
tion countries such as Syria and PIO adopted a negative attitude. In Lebanon 
itself, also there are political factions which are opposed to the agreement. 
The Soviet Union is trying very hard to utilize this situation to serve its 
own interests. It stated that not only has the agreement "violated Lebanon's 
sovereignty,” but the United States and Israel are “prepared to launch a war 
against both Syria and Jordan.” It was officially announced by Syria that 
once there is war, the Soviet Union will fulfill its guarantee to Syria in 
accordance with their treaty of friendship and cooperation. Obviously, the 
Soviet Union is entering into a new rivalry with the United States. 

All in all, even though Lebanon and Israel have reached an agreement on the 
withdrawal of troops, the possible implementation of this agreement is still 
a big question. The situations in the Middle East and in Lebanon itself 
continue to be turbulent. Especially massive forces are deployed between both 
Syria and Israel and the possibility another war still exists. 

Of course, this trip of Shultz has saved a little bit of face for the United 
States. The Reagan government which is faced with the problem of general 
election is in need of it because it enables Reagan to become more energet‘c 
ii preparing for the next general election. But, as long as the United States 
continues to implement its policy of partiality to Israel and damaging the 
interests of the Arabian countries, it is impossible to settle the Middle East 
issues once and for all. And it will be impossible to resiize peace in Middle 
East, and there will be no peace in Middle East. 

CSO: 4005/1073 


Beijing SHIJIE ZHISHI [WORLD KNOWLEDGE] in Chinese No 12, 16 Jun 83 p 18 
[Article by Feng Lin [3536 2651]: "A Thought-Provoking Incident] 

[Text] At 11 o'clock GMT on 23 May, a news in brief was being broadcast on 
the English program of the Moscow Radio Station. Yhe announcer said when he 
was going to introduce the Afghan situation: "In the struggle of resisting 
the Soviet occupiers and safe- guarding the national terr‘tory, the Afghan 
people are playing an increasingly important rele.” “Th. activities origin- 
ating from the territory of the Soviet Union have already threatened the 
security of the Afghan people.” 

That is strange. The English broadcasting of the Moscow Radio Station has 
totally reversed the tune of the Soviet propaganda machine as it was habitually 
in the past. Is this not a monstrous absurdity. Can it be that there is 
something wrong with the ears of the people? 

At 12 and 13 o'clock GMT the same day, people heard twice the news of the 

same contents from the same radio station, and it also strwightforwardly named 
“the Soviet aggressors,” and “the Soviet penetrating bandit gang." Such an 
unusual broadcast sent out from the Moscow Radio Siat‘on has shocked the whole 
world. Things have become obvious that it was not because there was something 
wrong with the ears of the people, but there was something wrong inside the 
Soviet Union. 

Not long after that, the spokesman of the Moscow Radio Station of the Soviet 
Union came out and made an explanatory statement saying that: "The erroneous 
wording in the news broadcasting was made by announcer Danichev himself per- 
sonally.” The next day, PRAVDA specifically published an article to play the 
same old tune of the Soviet policy toward Afghanistan in order to clear up 
doubts in the mind of the people. And the voice of that announcer has since 
disappeared from the air. 

Perhaps this was only an insignificant episode, but is this not worth ponder- 

It has been more than 3 years since the Soviet Union carried out armed provoca- 
tion to invade Afghanistan. Even though the Soviet Union has put on a magnifi- 

cent looking laurel wreath to cover up the evil war, but in fact the people 
learn to understand the truth. 

It was said that the Soviet soldiers were mobilized to move into Afghanistan 
to resist “foreign interventionists" and to "help the Afghan people repel 
invasion." Yet, what they have seen was not an invasion by others but one 
that came exactly from the Soviet Union. And the targets of the massacre 
carried out by them were not the mercenaries of foreign countries, but the 
people of Afghanistan. Some of the Sovict soldiers have eventually become 
aware that they were fooled. Therefore, they began to gun down their own 
superiors, to go to the Afghan guerrilla forces for shelter or to run away. 
The fact that the morale of the Soviet troops is low has become a headache of 
the Soviet civil and military authorities. 

The Soivet people were told that the reason for Soviet military action in 
Afghanistan was to “fulfill the duty of internationalism" and to “support the 
revolutionary struggle of the Afghan people.” However, what they have seen is 
not that the Soivet troops are well received in Afghanistan, but that they are 
met with shooting and people's feelings of hostility. The Soviet Union's 
action of “internationalism” has not won the respect of nations all over the 
world but met with the condemnation of world opinion. The Soviet Union has 
thus become increasingly isolated. The masses of the Soviet Union has thus 
become increasingly isolated. The masses of the Soviet Union have eventually 
become aware that they were fooled. Therefore, revolts in forms of protests, 
demonstrations and political jokes emerge from time to time. 

It is quite obvious that the strange thing which has happened in the Moscow 
Radio Station was not an isolated personal action of the Soviet announcer 
himself, but reflected the demand of the masses in the Soviet Union against 
the war of invasion and conveyed their innermost fury in protesting of it. So 
long as the Soviet Union continues to carry out its policy of hegemonism and 
refuses to withdraw Soviet troops from Afghanistan, unusual events similar to 
that which happened in the Moscow Radio Station will definitely continue to 
come out. 

CSO: 4005/1073 



PRC PRESS DELEGATION TOURING DPRK--Comrade Chong Chun-ki, alternate member 
of the Political Bureau of the WPK Central Committee and vice premier of 
the State Administration Council, in Pyongyang on the morning of 3 October 
met and had a friendly talk with the Chinese press delegation headed by 
Bian Chunguang, director of the Press Management Bureau of the Ministry 

of Culture. Present on the occasion were Yi Pong-su, director of the Press 
Guidance Bureau, and Zong Kewen, Chinese ambassador to Korea. Since arriving 
in Korean on 21 September, the press delegation has shared experiences with 
the sector of the Korean press while touring various places, including 
Pyongyang, Wonsan, and Taesong. [Text] [SK050921 Beijing in Korean to 
Korea 1100 GMT 4 Oct 83] 

S. KOREAN DISSIDENT YOUTH ACTIVITY--Some 100 South Korean Christian youths 
and students on 1 October held an assembly at a church in Seoul and declared 
the formationof a dissident organization, the National Youth Federation 

for the Democratization of South Korea. This is the first dissident organi- 
zation formed since Chon Tu-hwan's ascended to power in 1980. The National 
Youth Federation for the Democratization of South Korea has been launched 
amid the situation in which the activities of the personages of the political 
circle, including the former South Korean New Democratic Party Chairman 

Kim Yong-sam, criticizing the South Korean authority are being brought to 
public notice every day and the youths and students of various universities 
are continuing to carry out antigovernment demonstrations. [Text] 

[SK060540 Beijing in Korean to Korea 1100 GMT 5 Oct 83] 

cso: 4110/016 


OW200111 Beijing XINHUA in English 1620 GMI 20 Sep 83 

[Text] Manila, 20 Sep (XINHUA)--President Ferdinand Marcos today rejected 
calls from certain political oppposition quarters for him to step down from 
his presidency in favor of a caretaker government, the Philippine News Agency 
reported this evening. 

He said he will "continue to serve in the presidential capacity” in accordance 
with the constitutional mandate involved. 

"We have the capability to maintain government and do not consider any threat 
whether from the political opposition or any violent radical groups, as suf- 
ficient to bring about violation of the constitution and the mandate of 
millions of Filipions,” he added. 

Revealing that he has received feelers for national reconciliation from some 
members of the opposition, the president said that preparatory steps must 

first be formulated if the policy of national reconciliation is to be implement- 

"If they are serious, we must first identify the parties involved,” he said. 
The president said he also wanted to find out first whether the Social Democrats 
and the Communists are willing to discard their basic mission "to grab political 

authority by violence and the use of force." 

"I want to know how close the legitimate opposition is to the radical groups,” 
he added. 

CSO: 4000/34 


LDO082253 Beijing XINHUA in English 1452 GMI 8 Oct 83 

[Text] Manila, 8 Oct (XINHUA)--Eleven Philippine Muslim opposition leaders 
today called for grating ammesty to all political offenses in the Philippines 
to pave the way to a speedy national reconciliation. 

These Muslim opposition leaders included some former senators and leaders of 
some Philippine Muslim organizations. 

In a “manifesto of the Muslims of the Philippines” they signed and then dis- 
tributed at a press conference this afternoon, they said, "Eleven years of 
martial rule have not brought to the Filipino nation a climate of peace and 
order nor the declared restructuring of our society to provide a better life 
for the citizenry.” 

"It was, therefore, with great hope and expectation that the Muslims of the 
Philippines looked forward to the homecoming of the martyred Senator 
Benigno Aquino, Jr., who had pledged to embark on a nonviolent campaign for 
national reconciliation and unity,” they added. 

They went on to say, "The Muslims of the Philippines fully support and adhere 
to the principles advocated by his eminence, Jaime Cardinal Sin, and other 
leaders of our society calling for national reconciliation and a peaceful 
settlement of the present political conflict in our country through dialogue." 

"We urge, therefore, President Ferdinand E. Marcos and all those in responsible 
positions in government and society to immediately explore all avenues for a 
speedy national reconciliation including the grant of general amnesty for all 
political offenses to pave the way to a peaceful and meaningful dialogue 
before the nation is plunged further into a fratricidal civil war, a war 

where there are no victors, but only victims,” they stressed. 

CSO: 4000/34 


OW251518 Beijing XINHUA in English 1508 GMT 25 Sep 83 

[Text] Manila, September 25 (XINHUA)--Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos 
warned today his government is ready to meet force with force if necessary, 
and it has discarded the policy of maximum tolerance in handling demonstra- 
tions in favor of "a policy of legitimate assembly and legitimate free 

Addressing the nation over radio and television, the president said: "The 

government, both national and local will not allow the streets of Manila 

to be utilized for chaotic and anarchic behavior... We will not allow what 
has happened in the past several days to be repeated. Do not test the force 
and strength of the government." 

Under the new policy, the president said, demonstrations and rallies would 
be allowed provided the rallyists secure proper permits from the authorities. 

He confirmed his order to the military to disperse immediately rallies and 
demonstrations that do not have such permits, quietly and without the use 
of force if possible. 

But if the military and the police are met with force, they will be compelled 
to use force, he warned. 

The president noted that the rash of violent demonstrations in metro Manila 
during the past week was an isolated case and that the rest of the country 
remained in peace and order. 

The president said that government probers are trying to identify the persons 
who attacked the pro-government demonstrators under Makati Mayor Nemesio 
Yabut, including the mayor himself who was hit by beer bottles and other 
debris, during a rally in Makati last week. 

He noted that even certain members of ine oligarchy and executives in coat 
and tie participated in the forcible dispersal of the demonstration under 
Mayor Yabut. 

cso: 4000/41 


0W231925 Beijing XINHUA in English 1842 GMT 23 Sep 83 

[Text] Manila, September 23 (XINHUA)--The Philippine Government deplored 
yesterday the Indian Government's decision not to invite Samdech Norodom 
Sihanouk to an informal summit in New York in connection with the 38th 
session of the United Nations General Assembly. 

According to today's "Bulletin Today," Philippine acting Foreign Minister 
Manuel Collantes summoned Indian Ambassador Ramesh Mulye and handed him a 
note expressing regret over the decision. 

Collantes acted on the instructions of Foreign Minister Carlos Romulo, who 
is now in New York to attend the U.N. session. 

In response to Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's decision, a Philippine 
aide-memoire said the permanent representatives of the ASEAN countries to 
the U.N. had recommended to their respective foreign ministers that the 
ASEAN's collective regret be conveyed to the Indian Government. 

cso: 4000/41 




Permission Given 
OW’IO1313 Beijing XINHUA in English 1248 GMT W Sep 83 
[Text] Manila, W Sep (XINHUA)--Students are organizing an anti-government 
rally here today that they say will be the biggest public gathering since 
last week's demonstrations in which 10 people were killed and 150 injured. 
Authorities in the capital have given permission for the rally. 
Yesterday about 1,000 business executives and other white collar workers 
stopped work in Manila’s financial district. Riot police dispersed the crowd 

but no violence was reported. 

Last night, plainclothes police raided and closed down an outspoken opposition 
weekly newspaper, the PHILIPPINE TIMES, on charges of inciting sedition. 

On Thursday, about 1,500 mourners attended a Roman Catholic mass to mark the 
40th day since the death of opposition leader Benigno Aquino, who was 
assassinated August 21. 

Aquino’s widow, brother and other relatives attended the mass. 

At the same time, more than 1,000 students staged an anti-government "noise 
barrage” on the campus of the University of the East. They banged cans, 
threw confetti and exploded firecrackers. 

Both rallies were peaceful and were not interfered with by police or the 

Students Protest ‘Repression, Terrorism’ 
OW301500 Beijing XINHUA in English 1437 GMT 3 Sep 83 
[Text] Manila, W Sep (XINHUA)--Over 10,000 students held a rally here this 

afternoon to protest what they called “political repression and military 


The rally, which was organized by the student leaders’ forum, an affiliation 
of some 50 student councils and youth groups, condemned government acts in 
dealing with the recent demonstrations. 

They demanded immediate release of students and other people arrested during 
the September 21 and 23 demonstrations and called for the right to hold 
peaceful rallies. 

The forum announced that it believes the government has taken "unreasonable, 
unfounded and unjust” action in dealing with the September 21 and 23 demon- 
Strations. They expressed their resolution to continue the struggle for 
"independence, freedom and democracy." 

Kallies and demonstrations have been held during the past few days, even 
after President Marcos announced on September 25 a tougher policy in handling 

CSO: 4000/% 



LD240106 Beijing XINHUA in English 1512 GMT 23 Sep 83 

[Indonesian Government Urged to Keep Vigilance Over Soviet Diplomats’ 
Activities--KINHUA headline] 

[Text] Hong Kong, September 23 (XINHUA)--The Indonesian Government has been 
urged by an MP to keep vigilance over Soviet diplomat’s activities in 

Amin Iskandar [spelling of name as received], a member of Commission 1 of 
Parliament (which deals with foreign affairs, politics, defence and informa- 
tion) was commenting Wednesday on a case of acode officer of the Indonesian 
Embassy in Australia who was contacted by a Soviet diplomat. 

The Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs is investigating the case jointly 
with the Indonesian Intelligence Coordinating Agency, Foreign Minister 
Mokhtar Kusumaataoja told the Commission 1. 

Amin Iskandar said that the case showed the Soviets always try, with money 
and other materials, to contact young foreign diplomats for a spy mission. 

He urged the government to be more vigilant on the activities of Soviet 
diplomats in the country especially in consulates far from the capital, 
such as those in Medan and Bandjarmasin, which he thinks are not functional. 

He also fully supported the government's plan to abolish any foreign con- 
sulates outside Jakartawhich are not functional. 

The Soviet diplomat, V.N. Ivanoff, had previously been involved in a contro- 
versial espionage case involving an Australian state minister and the leader 
of the Labour Party. The case of the Indonesian diplomat's involvement was 
uncovered when Australian Prime Minister Bob Hawke gave an account to an 
Australian investigation committee in July of the above case. 

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LD220113 Beijing XINHUA in English 1625 GMI 22 Sep 83 
[Vietnam Preparing New War Moves in Kampuchea"--XINHUA headline] 

[Text] Bangkok, 22 Sep (XINH‘'A)--Vietnam is busy preparing new war offensives 
in Kampuchea as the rainy season there is drawing to an end, Royal Thai Army 
Representative Col Naruedon Dejpradijuth told a press conference here today. 

Naruedon said the Vietnamese troops have brought a large number of heavy 
weapons into Mongkol Borei District, Batoambang Province and are expanding 
the airport at Preah Netr Preah District in Batdambang Province. 

He said the Vietnamese troops last July started the construction of a large 
airport at Kampong city under the direction of Soviet advisers. 

He also said Vietnam had tightened its rule over the Kampuchean people. It 
has enforced a 12-hour curfew from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m. in the occupied areas in 
Kampuchea. The occupation troops also levy various kinds of taxes on the 
Kampuchean people. 

Naruedon added the Vietnamese occupation troops have stepped up training of the 
Heng Samrin troops. It is planned that by 1984 the Heng Samrin troops will 
have been increased to 100,000 equipped with Soviet weapons. 

He also said over the past month the Democratic Kampuchean resistance forces 
have launched active attacks against the Vietnamese troops and caused heavy 
losses to them. 

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OWO90909 Beijing XINHUA in English 0754 GMI 9 Oct 83 

{[fext] Bangkok, 9 Oct (XINHUA)--Thai Foreign Minister Sitthi Sawetscila has 
expressed his conviction that the resistance in Kampuchea is making progress 
and that time is on the side of the Democratic Kampuchean Governtent, 

In recent interview with a BANCKOK POST correspondent in New York, Sitthi 
said that “the memories of the Pol Pot years are probably fading away. The 
reality now is the Vietnamese occupation.” The Kampuchean pecple now believe 
that the Khmer Rouge will never do what they did in the past. Kampucheans 
are fighting for their own country. As for the other two factions of the 
coalition government, Sitthi added, big progress has Seen made in the past 
year. They are better trained and better organized. They have very good 
morale and are willing to fight. 

The Thai foreign minister refuted as a lie the Vietnamese Foreign Minister 
Ngugen Co Thach’s allegation that relations are better between ASEAN and 
Vietnam and that progress has been made towatds a political settlement of 
the Kampuchean conflict. He pointed out, “Thach takes the same line 
frequently. It gives the impression that things are moving when in fact 
they are not...he refuses to come to the crucial points.” Before the U.N. 
debate on the Kampuchean problem, Sitthi said, Thach offered a deal for 
ASEAN not to introduce a new resolution in exchange for Vietnamese promise 
not to change the seat of Democratic Kampuchea at the U.N., but ASEAN 
rejected it. 

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OWO81158 Beijing XINHUA in English 1148 CMT 8 Oct 83 

[Text] Bangkok, 8 Oct (XINHUA)--Son Sann, president of the National Front 

for the Liberation of the Khmer People (KPNLF), today called on the Kampuchean 
people to close ranks and support the coalition government of Democratic 
Kampuchea in the fight against Vietnamese aggression. 

Son Sann, who is also prime minister of the coalition government, made this 
appeal in a message to mark the 4th anniversary of the founding of the KPNLF 
which befalls on October 9. 

In the message Son Sann condemmed Vietnam for its brutalities against the 
Kampuchean people and its Vietnamization of Kampuchea by “moving and settling 
600 ,000 Vietnamese colonizers in the resources-rich area of Kampuchea in 
addition to the 180,000 occupation troops.” 

However, Son Sann said, "the morale of the Vietnamese troops in our country 
has become low, and the rate of desertion has become high. The aggressors 
have become frightened of the Cambodian quagmire.” 

On the formation of the coalition government of Democratic Kampuchea, Son Sann 
said, "this coalition is to demonstrate to the world in general, and to the 
Hanoi leaders in particular, the will and the determination of the Cambodians 
of all political persuasions to liberate Cambodia from the Vietnamese aggres- 

Son Sann reiterated his “appeal to all our compatriots everywhere, whether in 
the coumtry or abroad, and to all civilian cadres of the Heng Samrin 
administration, and all military personnel of the Heng Samrin armed forces, 

to join resolutely with our front, and to support the coalition government of 
Democratic Kampuchea to which our front is a participating party, in our heroic 
and undaunted struggle to liberate our motherland and our people and to restore 
to our beloved Cambodia her independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, 
and to all the Cambodian people their human rights and essential freedoms.” 

In the message Son Sann noted that the resistance of the Kampuchean people against 
Vietnamese aggression enjoys widespread support from the world community. He 
expressed his conviction that “the liberation of our motherland and our people 

is only a matter of time.” 


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0WO40545 Beijing XINHUA in English 0236 GMT 4 Oct 83 

[Text] United Nations, 3 Oct (XINHUA)--Sitthi Sawetsilu, foreign minister of 
Thailand, today called for a peaceful and comprehensive political settlement 
of the Kampuchean problem in line with the principles outlined by the U.N. 
General Assembly and the international conference on Kampuchea. 

Speaking at the assembly this afternoon, the Thai foreign minister stressed 
the withdrawal of all foreign forces from Kampuchea and the free exercise of 
self-determination by the Kampuchean people. 

"The situation in Kampuchea continues to be a direct threat to the peace and 
stability of the region as well as to international peace and security” he 
obse rved. 

He pointed out the Kampuchean refugee encampments as well as the local popula- 
tion in the border areas are winder constant threat of armed attacks, shelling 
and bombardment by Vietnamese occupation forces in Kampuchea. 

He recalled that in last April he had proposed that Vietnam withdraw its forces 
3 kilometres from the border and that proposal had been endorsed by the 

other ASEAN foreign ministers. "Regrettably, Vietnamese response has been 
negative,” he noted. 

The Thai foreign minister stated: "Vietnam should agree to withdraw troops 
from the Thai border which would be more verifiable, as it will take place 
in a clearly defined geographical area.” 

He further proposed that "a ceasefire be observed in the areas where with- 
drawals have taken place, which should then be constituted as safe areas for 
uprooted Kampuchean civilians under UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner 
for Refugees) auspices.” 

A United Nations peace-keeping force or observer group could be introduced to 
supervise the withdrawals and to keep peace along the border, he added. 


Vietnam's present intransigence and intentions, he stated, “constitute destabiliz- 
ing factors in Southeast Asia and continue to hinder constructive dialogue and 
cooperation among the regional members.” 

He called upon Vietnam to forgo the recourse to arms and to begin the process 
of negotiations that would lead to a political settlement of the Kampuchean 

He noted that the eventual convening of an international conference for the 
reconstruction and rehabilitation of Kampuchea could take place after the 
withdrawal of all foreign forces as part of a comprehensive settlement of the 
Kampuchean prob len. 

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0WO51225 Beijing XINHUA in English 1214 GMT 5 Oct 83 

[Text] Hong Kong, 5 Oct (XINHUA)--Singapore will not change its policy on 
Kampuchea even though the Vietnamese makes no response, the Singaporean 
newspaper STRAITS TIMES reported yesterday quoting Foreign Minister 
Suppiah Dhanabalan. 

Dhanabalan told the STRAITS TIMES correspondent in the United States that 
“we stick by our policy on Kampuchea” calling for Vietnamese troop withdrawal 
and self-determination by Kampucheans. “There is no reason to change or 

weaken it just because the Vietnamese are not responding,” he said. 

He said the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) believed in the 
need to apply international pressure on Vietnam. At the U.N. General Assembly 
sessions, ASEAN has for four years running demanded Vietnamese troop with- 
drawal from Kampuchea. 

Referring to the situation in Kampuchea, the Singapore foreign minister said 
the resistance forces are growing strong and "there is little hope they 
(Vietnamese) can wipe them out in the future.” 

Moreover, the Vietnamese are increasingly viewed as invaders in the Kampuchean 
areas occupied by the Vietnamese and the Heng Samrin regime and they cannot 
even trust the Kampucheans in the Heng Samrin regime, he added. 

He said that Vietnam's dependence on the Soviet Union is growing and that 
this must be "something of concem.” 

"So we see mo reason to change our policy,” he said. "We are not interested 
in grinding the Vietnamese to the dust or bringing them down. But if that 
is what they choose, there is little that we can do.” 

He described U.S. President Ronald Reagan's meeting with Kampuchean leaders 

Samdech Norodom Sihanouk and Son Sann on September 25 as a growing inter- 
national recognition and acceptance of the opposition in Kampuchea. 

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OW262351 Beijing XINHUA in English 1604 GMT 26 Sep 83 

[Text] Bangkok, September 26 (XINHUA)--Jordan, which abstained from voting 
at the last U.N. assembly session on the Kampuchean issue, will reconsider 
its stance toward the coalition government of Democratic Kampuchea, a senior 
Thai Government official said here this morning. 

Arun Phanuphong, an ambassador attached to the Foreign Ministry, said this 
after a meeting between Thai Prime Minister Prem Tinsulanon and King Husayn 
of Jordan who arrived here yesterday for a three-day visit. 

During the 50-minute meeting, Husayn expressed appreciation for Prem's 
briefing on Kampuchea. Arun said the king had gained a better knowledge 

of the issue. 

Arun quoted Husayn as saying that the issue of Kampuchea facing Thailand 

is somewhat similar to the issue of the Middle East that Jordan faces, and 
he plans to reconsider Jordan's stance on the Kampuchean issue after he con- 
sults with his government. 

The two leaders also expressed wishes to bolster bilateral trade. 

Husayn and his wife, Queen Noor, are to leave for New Delhi Tuesday morning. 

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OW2 70857 Beijing XINHUA in English 0721 GMT 27 Sep 83 

[Text] Beijing, 27 Sep (XINHUA)--More Vietnamese troops, amounting to 71 
truckloads, have entered Kampuchea since the beginning of this month, Radio 
Democratic Kampuchea reported today. 

On September 10, ten trucks loaded fully with Vietnamese soldiers crossed the 
border into Kampuchea and headed westward on Highway No six. 

On the following day, a convoy of 60 trucks carrying Vietnam troops were seen 
running from Vietnam toward Siemreap City in West Kampuchea. 

On September 17, another group of Vietnamese soldiers was trucked to a 
Vietnamese barracks in Chhep, Preah Vihear Province. 

The radio said these reinfor®ement operations by the Vietnamese authorities 

on the eve of the 38th United Nations General Assembly session testified to their 
intention to continue occupying Kampuchea and intensifying the aggressive war 
against that country in defiance of all the U.N. resolutions adopted on the 
Kampuchean issue. 

Meanwhile, 63 Heng Samrin puppet soldiers, reluctant to serve as gunfodder for 

the Hanoi-backed Phnom Penh regime, deserted their troops and crossed over to 
the Democratic Kampuchean Army or went home, the radio said. 

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OW280841 Beijing XINHUA in English 0815 GMT 28 Sep 83 

[Text] Beijing, 28 Sep (XINHUA)--Bombardments against Thai villages and the 
bloodshed incidents across the Thai-Kampuchean border engineered by the 
Vietnamese troops in Kampuchea are strongly condemned in a commentary broadcast 
by Kampuchean Radio today. 

The commentary said that from September 20 to 24 the Vietnamese troops in 
Kampuchea repeatedly bombarded villages in Trat and Prachin Buri Provinces 
and Thai patrol policemen, damaging many houses and killing and wounding many 
residents, creating bloodshed incidents across the Thai-Kampuchean border. 
But the propaganda organs of Hanoi made a false countercharge calumnating that 
it was Thailand that has stirred up the incidents. 

The commentary pointed out that the aim of the Vietnamese authorities’ clumsy 
trick of thief crying “stop thief" is to distract attention of the current 
U.N. General Assembly from the Kampuchean problem and to conceal their crime 
of aggression against Kampuchea. But things run counter to the Vietnamese 
desires and the incident created by Vietnam has once again enabled the world 
to see clearly that the Vietnamese authorities will not give up its aggression 
and expansion against Kampuchea and the Southeast Asian cowtries. 

The commentary called on the current U.N. General Assembly and the inter- 
national community to condemn the Vietnamese aggression and force Vietnam 

to carry out the decisions of the U.N. General Assembly and withdraw Vietnamese 
troops from Kampuchea. Only when Vietnam has accomplished this, will Kampuchea 
have its peace and the tense situation across the Thai-Kampuchean border become 
eased, and lasting peace and stability in Southeast Asia be maintained, concluded 
the commentary. 

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OW291008 Beijing XINHUA in English 0743 GMI 29 Sep 83 

[Text] Beijing, 29 Sep (XINHUA)--Radio Democratic Kampuchea today published a 
commentary calling for the world community to reaffirm, at the current U.N. 
General Assembly session, the legitimacy of its coalition government as a U.N. 
membe r . 

The commentary said the past four General Assembly sessions had witnessed more 
and more countries voting for the legitimate seat of Democratic Kampuchea. This 
indicates that most countries in the world respect and safeguard the spirit of 
the U.N. charter and international law and disapprove the wilful act of a 
country to violate by means of force the sovereignty of another country. 

It said the support of the world community for the Kampuchean people's struggle 
against Vietnamese aggressors and especially for the legitimate seat of 
Democratic Kampuchea in the United Nations constitutes "direct and practical 
contributions” to the maintenance of Kampuchea's sovereignty, independence and 
territorial integrity. The continuous development of the Kampuchean people's 
Struggle against Vietnam cannot be separated from such support, it said. 

It also expressed the determination of the Kampuchean people and the coalition 

government to finally defeat the Vietnamese aggressors in what will contribute 
to curbing Vietnamese and Soviet military expansion in Southeast Asia. 

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0OW050138 Beijing XINHUA in English 0108 CMT 5 Oct 83 

[Text] United Nations, 4 Oct (XINHUA)--Samdech Norodom Sihanouk today called 
upon Vietnam and the Soviet Union to respect the U.N. resolutions and to 
participate in the international conference on Kampuchea “in order to solve 
the Kampuchean problem for which these two powers bear the major part of 

Addressing the general assembly this morning, the president of Democratic 
Kampuchea stressed that a political solution should be brought to this problem 
in accordance with the just resolutions of the General Assembly of Kampuchea. 

Samdeth Norodom Sihanouk made a three-point “guarantee” of the coalition 
government in relation with Vietnam and the Soviet Union. 

~~Kampuchea, once liberated in its integrality, will be strictly neutral and 

--following the total withdrawal of foreign troops from Kampuchea, the general 
elections in Kampuchea will be held under the supervision of the United Nations; 

-~there will also be reconciliation and friendship with Vietnam and its allies 
if they cease definitely interfering in the internal affairs of Kampuchea and 
respect the independence, sovereignty, neutrality and territorial integrity 
of Kampuchea. 

He declared the coalition government of Democratic Kampuchea he is heading is 
not “in exile,” but it is carrying out the struggle on the national soil of 
Kampuchea against the occupiers. 

Sihanouk challenged the foreign personalities who are doubtful about the 
vitality of the national resistance led by the coalition government of 
Democratic Kampuchea. He said those people could, if they so desired, 
accompany him next January to Kampuchea to meet the people, soldiers, Buddhist 
monks and Muslim and Christian compatriots. 


Charging the Hanoi Government for “physically” Vietnamizing Kampuchea, he said 
over and above the 200,000 Vietnamese soldiers and thousands of “technicians” 
and “advisers” from Hanoi had controlled a part of Kampuchea. About 600,000 
Vietnamese settlers in Kampuchea were exploiting “our lands and ricefields, 

our villages, forests, lakes and rivers, our coasts and other natural 

Rebuf fing Vietnamese allegation that it will withdraw all its troops from 
Kampuchea when the (so-called) “Chinese threat" will have disappeared, 

the Kampuchean president assured that "in my country or near my country there 
is no ‘Chinese threat.'” 

"The only threat in our region, Southeast Asia, comes from the Socialist 
Republic of Vietnam and the Soviet Union,” he stated. 

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HKO 80242 Beijing CHINA DAILY in English 8 Oct 83 p 4 
[Article by CHINA DALLY commentator: "Kampuchean Issue"] 

[Text] The 38th session of the United Nations General Assembly has again 

heard demands from the heads of various delegations for total withdrawal of 
Vietnamese aggressive forces from Kampuchea. Meanwhile, ASEAN foreign ministers 
have rejected Vietnam's proposal that ASEAN drop its annual demand for 
Vietnamese military withdrawal from the country in exchange for Vietnam's 
promise to concede the UN seat to the coalition government of Democratic 

The withdrawal of the Vietnamese troops from the invaded peace-loving neighbour- 
ing country must be unconditional. The seat in the United Nations of the 
Democratic Kampuchea as a full-fledged member is not negotiable. It was brazen 
of Vietnam even to think of such an exchange demand, 

It is almost five years since Kampuchea became the victim of undisguised armed 
aggression and military occupation by Vietnam with the support of a superpower. 
The invasion has caused untold sufferings to the Kampuchean people, including 
hundreds of thousands forcibly displaced by the invaders. The military presence 
of Vietnam on the territory of Democratic Kampuchea poses a constant threat to 
peace and security of all countries in the region, especially of Thailand. 

Sove reignty 

It is only natural that the UN General Assembly has every year expressed the 
strong indignation of the international community against Vietnam's wanton 
violation of the UN charter in both letter and spirit. That nas been the least 
the world organization can do. 

In defence of their sovereignty and independence, the national army and guerrillas 
of Democratic Kampuchea have been putting up a valiant fight against the 
Vietnamese invaders. Considering the enormous odds they are fighting against, 
not the least the superior Soviet weaponry, the Kampuchean people have not done 
so badly in withholding five successive dry-season offensives launched by the 
invasion troops. 


Unable to put down the resistance of the Kampuchean people and, in the mean- 
time, unwilling to withdraw its aggressive forces from the invaded country, 
Vietnamese authorities have resorted to all kinds of trickery in am attempt 
to escape international condemnation and make its occupation a fait accom li. 
The most recent and least tenable has been Vietnam's attempts to describe the 
Kampuchean question as an issue between China and Vietnam. 

Ae a friend of Kampuchea and a neighbour of Vietnam, China has joined the ASEAN 
nations and most countries in the world to seek a rational settlement of the 
Kampuchean issue. 


iina hopes that, after the withdrawal of the Vietnamese troops, Kampuchea will 
become an independent, peaceful, neutral and nonaligned country, and that free 
elections will be held there under UN supervision for the Kampuchean people to 
choose their political system and government leaders. And China is prepared 
to join other countries concerned in an international guarantee. 

The once friendly Sino-Vietnamese relations have deteriorated in recent years 
only as a result of the invasion and occupation of Kampuchea by the Vietnamese 
authorities who have pursued regional hegemony in Indo-China and Southeast 
Asia, discriminated against Chinese residents and opposed China. 

The Chinese Government has expressed willingness to resume negotiation with 
Vietnam on improving the relations between the two countries once Vietnam has 
declared its decision to pull out all its troops from Kampuchea and has moved 
the first batch of them back to within its own borders. 

Samdech Nordom Sihanouk, president of Democratic Kampuchea, has also guaranteed 
at the current UN session that, following the total withdrawal of foreign 
troops, general elections in Kampuchea will be held under UN supervision. He 
promised that a strictly neutral and non-aligned Kampuchea after liberation 
will improve its relations with Vietnam if the latter and its allies no longer 
interfere in the internal affairs and respects the sovereignty of Kampuchea. 

Vietnam started the trouble by waging an aggressive war against a neighbouring 
country, which it can never win. For the sake of the peace and stability in 
the region and, not the least, for the urgently needed economic recovery 

and the people's welfare in Vietnam itself, it is time that the Vietnamese 
authorities took heed of the world opinion and acted accordingly. 

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0W062142 Beijing XINHUA in English 1837 GMT 6 Oct 83 

[Text] Beijing, 6 Oct (XINHUA)--Radio Democratic Kampuchea today described 
as “ridiculous” Vietnamese Foreign Minister Nguyen Co Thach's proposal on 
Kampuchea which asked the ASEAN states to drop their demand for a Vietnamese 
withdrawal from Kampuchea. 

Referring to Nguyen Co Thach's proposal which asked the ASEAN states to cancel 
their demand in exchange for a Vietnamese promise to concede the U.N. seat to 
Democratic Kampuchea, the radio said in a commentary that by playing the new 
trick, Nguyen Co Thach is attempting to legalize Vietnam's aggression in 
Kampuchea and realize its aim of occupying the country forever. 

The commentary said the moment Nguyen Co Thach’s proposal came out, it was 
exposed and flatly rejected by the five ASEAN foreign ministers. By so doing, 
Thach had made a fool of himself at the present U.N. General Assembly session 
and thus became more isolated. 

The commentary said, on the issue of Kampuchean representation at the U.N., 
Vietnam had been trying hard in the past fcur years to squeeze the Phnom Penh 
puppet regime into the United Nations to replace Democratic Kampuchea. However, 
at every U.N. session since 1979, the number of states supporting the 
Democratic Kampuchean seat had been increasing annually. Vietnam will suffer 

a more bitter defeat this year, the commentary predicted. 

The commentary said from the very beginning of the present U.N. session, 
the Vietnamese acts of aggression in Kampuchea had been widely condemned by 
the member states. This showed that it was totally correct for the ASEAN 
states to adhere to the adopted U.N. resolutions on Kampuchea and reject 
Thach's proposal. 

The commentary appealed to all the justice-loving countries of the world to 
continue exerting pressure on Vietnam and force it to withdraw its troops from 
Kampuchea and let the Kampuchean people exercise their right to self- 
determination by themselves without any outside interference. 

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OW250830 Beijing XINHUA in English 0812 GMT 25 Sep 83 

[Text] Bangkok, September 25 (XINHUA)--Vietnamese troops yesterday bombarded 
Ampil Village, Kampuchea, the headquarters of the National Front for the 
Liberation of the Khmer People (KPNLF), 15 kilometers north of Ta Phraya 
District of Prachinburi Province of eastern Thailand, the "Bangkok Post" 
reported today. 

The KPNLF is one of the three Kampuchean resistance forces. It is led by 
Premier Son Sann. 

The newspaper quoted Thai field military sources as reporting that this was 
the second major Vietnamese attack on the Kampuchean resistance forces 
following a rainy season lull in fighting. The first attack occurred on 
September 22 when Vietnamese gunners bombarded a Khmer Rouge stronghold 
opposite Aranyaprathet District of Prachinburi Province. 

The report said that during yesterday's battle which lasted seven hours, 
about 3,000 KPNLF guerrillas, in coordination with local villagers, put up 
@ stiff resistance to the Vietnamese bombardment. No casualties were known 
for the time being. 

Thai soldiers stationed along the border opposite the battle area have been 
put on alert to prevent a possible spillover of fighting into Thai territory. 

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(W161847 Beijing XINHUA in English 1830 GMT 16 Sep 83 

[Text] Bangkok, 16 Sep (XINHUA)--The charges of “collaboration” between China 
and Thailand in attempting to “seek territorial expansion in Indochina” 
published in a white paper by the Heng Samrin government were rejected by 

Thai Foreign Ministry spokesman Chet Sucharitkwm at a press conference given 

here today . 

The white paper, published on September 13 by the Vietnam-backed Heng Samrin 
regime, accused Thailand of “pursuing, over the past eight centuries, an 
expansionist policy aimed at annexing Kampuchea.” 

Chet said that the Heng Samrin government is a parrot that repeats the words 
of others. He said Vietnam must be criticized for giving the words to the 

In other remarks Chet said that Thailand has not sent soldiers to invade 
Kampuchea and on the contrary has shouldered heavy burdens to assist Kampuchean 

He said Vietnam has decided to occupy Kampuchea for a long time because it is 
rich in natural resources. It has sent nearly 600,000 Vietnamese immigrants 
to settle in Kampuchea. 

He said Vietnam first alleged that it invaded Kampuchea in order "to overthrow 
the brutal rule of Khmer Rouge” and then it claimed that its occupation of 
Kampuchea was "to resist the menace from China.” All these allegations are 
but only the Vietnam's pretexts to prolong ite occupation of Kampuchea, he 

The Thai Foreign Ministry spokesman also stated that the Kampuchean question 
should be resolved by a total withdrawal of Vietnamese troops from Kampuchea. 

Referring to relations between Thailand and Laos, Chet said that Thailand has 
not launched attacks of any kind against Laos. He also expressed the hope 
that border conflicts between the two countries would be resolved through 
political negotiations in am atmosphere of self-restraint. 

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OW161021 Beijing XINHUA in English 0743 GMT 16 Sep 83 

[Text] Bangkok, 16 Sep (XINHUA)--Thai Foreign Minister Sitthi Sawetsila 
expressed the conviction Thursday that the Association of Southeast Asian 
Nations (ASEAN) would win more votes for the seat of Democratic Kampuchea at 
the upcoming U.N. General Assembly session. 

Talking to local reporters, Sitthi disclosed that ASEAN had drafted resolu 
tions on Kampuchea which would be up for debate and endorsement by the 

U.N. Ceneral Assembly. The areas to be stressed in the draft resolutions 
include: total withdrawal of foreign troops from Kampuchea, sel f-determinat ion 
for the Kampuchean people, the refugee problem and the call for an independent, 
neutral and nonaligned Kampuchea, he said. 

He said ASEAN expects more than 50 nation to co-sponsor this year's resolu- 
tions on Kampuchea, compared to 49 U.N. members last year. 

Sitthi said Indonesian Foreign Minister Mokhtar Kusumaatmaja would send a 
note to his counterparts of various countries to refute recent claims by 
Vietnamese Foreign Minister Nguyen Co Thach. Thach alledged that ASEAN and 
"three Indochinese coumtries” are in the process of establishing regional 
dialogue and hence, the United Nations should not disrupt the process, and 
that the 7th non-aligned summit held in New Delhi in March, this year, had 
denied recognition to the Democrat’.c Kampuchean coalition government and left 
the Kampuchean seat vacant. 

The Thai foreign minister said although ASEAN had accepted Vietnam's proposal 
for separate talks between ASEAN and Vietnamese foreigner ministers, he would 
be the last to talk to Thach and had “nothing special” to consult with the 
latter. ASEAN "will ask Vietnam to pull back its troops from Western 
Kampuchea as a first step towards a total troop withdrawal,” Sitthi said. 

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OW101754 Beijing XINHUA in English 1420 GMT 10 Oct 83 

[Text] Bangkok, 10 Oct (XINHUA)—Over 100,000 Vietnamese have migrated into 
Laos under Hanoi's schemes to assimilate Laos since Hanoi and Vientiane 
signed a "friendship and cocrzration" agreement in 1977, local newspapers 
reported today. 

Quoting "The Voice of Free Asia Radio” of Thailand, the report said most of 
the Vietnamese migrants, including soldiers, officials, technicians, workers 
and peasants, have settled down in central and southern Laos. 

Vietnamese officiais are sent, whenever possible, to the countryside so that 
they can collect grains for the stationing Vietnamese troops, said the radio. 
They have their own administrative system with which the Lao officials cannot 

The radio said a number of Vietnamese has been sent to work in schools in Laos, 
while 20,000 Lao middle school graduates and 5,000 other young people have 
been sent to Vietnam for training. 

The radio reported tiat the Lao officials who are discontented with the 
Vietnamese control are obliged to have a three-year training in Vietnam. 

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OW211246 Beijing XINHUA in English 0815 GMT 21 Sep 83 

[Text] Bangkok, 21 Sep (XINHUA)--Prasong Sunsiri, secretary-general of the 
Thai National Security Council, said Tuesday that his government favors 
nuclear disarmament but opposes the transfer by superpowers of the Euro- 
missiles to Asia, the local paper SING SIAN YIT PAO reported today. 

Speaking to reporters, Prasong said that all countries in the world, especially 
those in Asia, are extremely concerned about the U.S.-Soviet nuclear arms 
limitation talks in Geneva. The reasons for such concern, he added, are that 
if the superpowers have decided to reduce the number of nuclear arms in Europe 
and transfer them to Asia, this would promptly increase the tension instead 

of reducing the threat of nuclear war in the area. 

Referring to the Sino-Soviet talks on bilateral relations, Prasong said his 
government is in favor of the talks, though they are matters conceming 
China and the Soviet Union. 

On the Kampuchean issue, Prasong noted that his country and other ASEAN member 
Mations do not wish to see the spread of the Kampuchean war and will have it 
contained in that country, because a wider war would inevitably effect the 
region greatly. 

Therefore, he said, the Kampuchean issue must be settled by peaceful means. 

However, he added that so long as the Kampuchean people persist in struggle, 
they will surely be able to win final victory. 

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OW201401 Beijing XINHUA in English 1253 GMT 20 Sep 83 

[Text] Bangkok, 19 Sep (XINHUA)--In face of the intensified Soviet military 
buildup throughout Asia in recent years, the Asian countries must close ranks 
to counter Soviet military action, an editorial in the local newspaper 
BANGKOK POST said today. 

The editorial said that Moscow has doubled its fleet in Asia to 175 ships 
and submarines and stationed its largest troop-carrying assault ship in Asian 

Its aircraft carrier, the "Minsk," is in Asia and has occasionally been in 
Thai waters. The editorial noted that at any given time, roughly 15 of these 
ships are in the waters of Southeast Asia. 

It said that besides its full access to Cam Ranh Bay and Da Nang in Vietnan, 
the Soviet Union has missiles, including SS-20's, 51 divisions, bomber air- 
craft and reconnaissance planes using Vietnam for staging and resupplying. 

"In Afghanistan it is fighting a war," the editorial said. "In Vietnam, 
Kampuchea and Laos thousands of Soviet military advisers are demonstrating 
how to launch invasions in a dozen overt and covert ways.” 

In addition to mobilizing public opinion against the Soviet threat, the 
editorial stressed, "there must be military action to thwart military action.... 

The editorial said that "the Soviet Union seeks constantly, itself and through 

{word indistinct] puppet like Vietnam and Afghanistan, to overturn the balance 
of power of its own side. All countries have a duty to combat this.” 

CSO: 4000/34 



OW060232 Beijing XINHUA in English 0104 GMT 6 Oct 83 

[Text] Beijing, 5 Oct (XINHUA)--The sixth Association of Southeast Asian 
Nations Inter-Parliamentary Organisation (AIPO) assembly opened in Singapore 
today with a full agenda including the establishment of a joint ASEAN 

Addressing the opening session, Singapore Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew urged 
younger potential leaders in ASEAN to get to know each other better and 
ensure a continued close rapport between the members. 

He pointed out that ASEAN countries have different constitutional and legal 
systems, but their parliamentarians have been able to find common ground for 
interaction and understanding and this is a considerable achievement. 

Messages from the heads of government of the otter four members--Thailand, 
Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines--were read at the meeting. Malaysian 
Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamed said in his message that developments in the 
region have underlined the need for ASEAN to develop a strong consensus. He 
said ASEAN must “continue to condemn and resist” all inhuman activities such 
as foreign military occupation of Afghanistan and Kampuchea as well as Soviet 
shooting down of a South Korean airliner last month. 

He said Vietnam's "wanton and unheeding” forces in Kampuchea had forced help- 
less families to flee their country. 

Thai Prime Minister Prem Tinsulanon called an AIPO delegates to study the 
situation in Kampuchea and along its border with Thailand which, he said 
threatens regional peace and stability. 

Indonesian President Suharto said in his message that the meeting coincided 
with the current global situation still facing various difficult trials and 
in meeting the challenges ASEAN should consolidate itself. 

Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos reiterated his offer to make Manila 
the site of the permanent AIPO secretariat. 

About 100 members of the national parliaments from the five nations are attend- 
ing the meeting. Other items on the agenda include exchange of visits with 
other parliaments, review of regional and intermational political issues and 
protection of wildlife. 


CSO: 4000/34 


0w281/48 Beijing XINHUA in English 1522 GMT 28 Sep 83 

[Text] Bangkok, 28 Sep (XINHUA)--It would be a “galling humiliation” for China 
if it allows the foreign rule over Hong Kong to be unduly prolonged in any 
form, says 4a commentary in the Chinese-language newspaper TONG NGUAN YIT POH, 
here today. 

It repudiates the fallacy of "swapping sovereignty over Hong Kong for adminis- 
trative power there” by saying: "sovereignty could be devoid of any meaning 
if it is separated from administrative power.” 

Surely all conscientious Chinese support the Chinese Government's determination 
to recover its sovereignty over Hong Kong including its administrative power 
there, the commentary says. 

It goes on to say that the history of international relations shows sovereignty 
finds its expression in the independence of a country and its independent 
exercise of authority and that administrative power is an important component 
of sovereignty. 

As it is today, writes the commentary, “Hong Kong serves as a brand left by 

the humiliation the Chinese suffered in the past. So long as Hong Kong remains 
in the hands of the British colonialists, the Chinese will go on smarting 
under the sense of this humiliation.” 

“China is determined to recover Hong Kong and wipe off the brand of past 
humiliation. It will recover not only its sovereignty but also the administra- 
tive power over Hong Kong without fail,” it said. 

The commentary appeals to all Chinese with due national pride to support the 
Chinese Government's just stand on the question of Hong Kong. 

Another Chinese-language newspaper THE NEW CHINA DAILY NEWS, in an editorial 
today recalls what Britain has said and done before and after the fourth round 
of the Sino-British talks. The recent sharp drop in the value of the HKdollar, 

it points out, was the result of the British maneuver to bring pressure to bear 
on China by playing “the economic card.” But this cannot have any effect on 
China’s firm stand, it says. 

The paper concludes by saying: "Should Britain choose to maintain its friend- 
ship and cooperation with China and discuss Hong Kong's future with it sensibly, 
it can definitely arrive at a solution satisfactory to both and the five 
million people of Hong Kong. 

CSO: 4000/34 36 


OW151749 Beijing XINHUA in English 1633 CMT 19 Sep 83 

[Text] Brussels, 15 Sep (XINHUA)--President of the Democratic Kampuchea 
Samdech Norodom Sihanouk paid a private working visit here from September 13 to 15 
as part of his European tour seeking diplomatic support for Democratic Kampuchea. 

In his meeting with Belgian Minister of External Relations Leo Tindemans last 
night, Sihanouk thanked the Belgian Government for its humanitarian support 
and aid to the Kampuchean people and said he hoped it would continue to do 
so in order to help Kampuchea become a neutral and non-aligned state again. 

A neutral and non-aligned Kampuchea would be an acceptable solution to the 
Kampuchea issue for ASEAN countries and it would also benefit his own country, 
he said. 

Belgium is vice-president of the special committee set up by the international 
conference on the Kampuchean issue. It has condemned Vietnam's policy on 
Kampuchea and voted in favor of seating Democratic Kampuchea in the 

United Nations. But it has not yet given official recognition to the coalition 
government of Democratic Kampuchea. 

Sihanouk is scheduled to leave for the Netherlands today. 

CSO: 4000/34 



OW31251 Beijing XINHUA in English 1211 GMT W Sep 83 

[Text] Beijing, 3 Sep (XINHUA)--Following China's practice, New Zealand is 
to establish its first “mediation tribunal” next year, visiting New Zealand 
chief justice Ronald Davison, who flew to Xian today, told Chinese friends 
during his stay here. 

In China, mediation is conducted by either a court or a people's mediation 
committee. It is always voluntary and parties agree on which form of media- 
tion they prefer. 

China now has more than 860,000 mediation committees with a total of more 
than 5.3 million mediators in rural and urban areas. Mediation committees 
dealt with more than 8.16 million civil disputes in 1982. 

China is long tradition of mediation was a good way to resolve civil disputes, 
the 62-year-old chief justice said [sentence as received]. Thus, he said, “we 
have followed China to introduce mediation to New Zealand.” 

Davison is accompanied by Bruce Slane, president of the New Zealand Law Society. 
After their arrival here on September 25, the guests visited a prison and the 
law department of Beijing University and had several discussions with legal 

“What I'm very interested in is your comprehensive programme dealing with 
offences," the chief justice told Chinese Justice Minister Zhou Yu during their 
meeting here. The guests were told about China’s efforts over the past few 
years to improve its legal system. 

Minister Zhou summarized the aim as "the unity of dealing blows at criminal 
offences and preventing law breaking.” Only by dealing blows at of fenders 
could the necessary conditions be created to prevent criminal offences, the 
minister said. In addition, he said, China has adopted many ways to prevent 
offences, including education in law among the people, mobilization of units 
and families to educate and redeem erring people. 

When Rong Yiren, vice-chairman of the National People’s Congress Standing Committee 
met with the New Zealand guests, both voiced confidence that the relations of 
friendship between the legal circles of the two countries would continue to be 

A Chinese jourists’ delegation is expected to leave for New Zealand next month. 

CSO: 4000/%4 38 


04161759 Beijing XINHUA in English 1600 CMT 16 Sep 83 

[Text] Canberra, 16 Sep (XINHUA)--Australian Foreign Minister Bill Hayden 
reaffirmed his government's “full support” for the Anzus treaty but at the 
same time declared an independent approach to defence needs of his country. 

Hayden made the remarks in a statement issued yesterday on the recent review 
by the Australian Covernment of the Anzus treaty following consultations 
with the governments of the United States and New Zealand. 

In the statement Hayden said: “The review has led to a firm and unequivocal 
reaffirmation of the alliance as fundamental to Australia’s national security 
and foreign and defence policies.” 

However, he said, “the treaty does not provide any automatic guarantee of 
military support in the event of attack or major threat." 

“Anzus is not a paper tiger, but it is up to Australia first and foremost 
to look after itself,” he added. 

He said: “It would not be prudent to base the development of our defence 
force structure on the assumption that our force will necessarily be part 
of a superpower deployment in the event of any form of hostilities in which 
we are involved.” 

Regarding the bilateral agreement on the U.S. military bases in Australia, 
Hayden said that their contribution "to deterrence of nuclear war fully 
justifies any risks that might be seen as arising from our having those 
facilities in Australia." 

He reiterated that his government “exercises independence of judgment" in matters 
of international relations and prepares "to disagree with allies where it is in 
the best interests of the alliance, and certainly where it is in the best 
interests of this nation.” 

"A stable, harmonious and economically viable environment” in the Asian-Pacific 
region will be “much more important” to the future peace and security of 
Australia than any treaty, he said. 

C80: 4000/34 39 



AFRICAN SUPPORT ON KAMPUCHEA--Bangkok, 15 Sep (XINHUA)--Thai Deputy Foreign 
Minister Praphat Limpraphan told reporters here today that many African 
countries had expressed their support for ASEAN's stand on the Kampuchean 
issue. Praphat made these remarks just after his return from a month-long 
official visit to a number of African countries including Kenya, Senegal, 
the Ivory Coast, Tunisia, Morocco, Madagascar and Algeria. Describing his 
trip to Africa as a big success, Praphat said that the main aim of his visit 
was to explain the ASEAN's stand on the Kampuchean issue and to promote 
trade with these African countries. He said that many African countries had 
shown sign of support for ASEAN's call for the total withdrawal of Vietnamese 
troops from Kampuchea and some non-aligned nations had told him that they 
would consider the Kampuchean issue carefully once it was raised at the 
upcoming session of the United Nations General Assembly. [Text] [0W151637 
Beijing XINHUA in English 1546 GMT 15 Sep 83] 

THAL PATROLS ATTACKED--Bangkok, 23 Sep (XINHUA)--Vietnamese aggressor troops 
in Kampuchea on September 20 opened fire across the Kampuchean-Thai border 
at a group of Thai patrol policemen, wounding two of them, according to a 
report of the security command of Khlong Yai District reaching here today. 
The report said that at 4:15 p.m. that day, 20 Thai policemen on a truck were 
moving towards a border outpost when they were shot at by Vietnamese soldiers 
stationed in the Kampuchean-Thai border mountain opposite Khlong Yai District 
of Trat Province of Thailand. Some rocket shells exploded near the truck 
and shell fragments hit the two policemen. According to another report, 

on September 22, Vietnamese troops fired over 10 artillery shells across the 
Kampuchean-Thai border into Saen Suk village, eouth of the border town of 
Aranyaprathet. The firing, which started at around 3 p.m., damaged a temple 
and killed a few animals. Threatened by the shooting, villagers rushed out 
of their residence to hide themselves inside huge pipelines earlier erected 
as bunkers at Aranyaprathet District. [Text] [0W230831 Beijing XINHUA in 
English 0750 GMI 23 Sep 83) 

SRV TROOP PLAN REJECTED--Bangkok, 2 Oct (XINHUA)--ASEAN foreign ministers have 
rejected a Vietnamese proposal for ASEAN to drop its annual demand for 
Vietnamese troop withdrawal from Kampuchea in exchange for a Vietnamese promise 
to concede the United Nations seat to Democratic Kampuchea, reported BANGKOK 
POST today. Quoting an ASEAN source, the paper said the deal was proposed 


by Vietnamese Foreign Minister Nguyen Co Thach in a personal letter to his 
counterparts of five ASEAN nations--Thatland, Indonesia, the Philippines, 
Singapore and Malaysia--who are now in New York attending the 38th U.N. 
(eneral Assembly session. The source disclosed that the decision to reject 
Nguyen Co Thach’s proposal was made by the five ministers early this morning. 
They turned down the Vietnamese proposal because they were confident that 
the ASEAN-sponsored resolution at the current U.N. session calling for 
Vietnamese troop withdrawal and self-determination for Kampuchea would get 
at least as much support as last year's. [Text] [0W020804 Beijing XINHUA 

in English 07486 GMT 2 Oct 83) 

KAMPUCHEAN RES ISTANCE--Canberra, 6 Oct (XINHUA)--The resistance in Kampuchea 
is gathering strength and the Heng Samrin army is no longer reliable, said a 
report carried in THE AUSTRALIAN here today. The report, written by 

Peter Samuel from Washington, quoted an Indo-China expert, Stephen Morris, 
who has just returned from a two-week tour of resistance centres in Kampuchea, 
as saying that the Kampuchean resistance is gaining ground and that the 

Henny Samrin army is becoming weaker and weaker. Fraternisation with the 
resistance and defections had become so serious that the Heng Samrin army had 
been confined by the Vietnamese to police-style operations away from the 
fighting. ‘Many are now fighting the Vietnamese occupiers,’ Morris said. 
According to Morris, the Kampuchea resistance guerrillas are ‘now a broadly- 
based resistance movement of people of all social classes.‘ They ‘are now 
operating over large areas of the country and only the major cities are safe 
for the Vietnamese,’ he said, Morris also said that the resistance guerrillas 
are well armed with weapons captured from Vietnamese forces. [Text] (0W061335 
Beijing XINHUA in English 1224 GMT 6 Oct 83] 

KAMPUCHEAN UN SEAT--Hong Kong, 21 Sep (XINHUA)--Indonesian Foreign Minister 
Mokhtar Kugumaatmaja has said that ASEAN's strategy should be focused on 
retaining Democratic Kampuchea'’s seat in the United Nations, states a Jakarta 
report. Speaking as chairman of the ASEAN Standing Committee, Kusumaatmaja told 
the committee's second meeting here on Monday that with this in view, he had 
written letters to the foreign ministers of the countries which voted with the 
ASEAN at the last session of the United Nations General Assembly. He emphasized 
that ASEAN's ultimate objective continues to be a comprehensive and just solution 
tou the Kampuchea problem, "which of necessity includes the total withdrawal of 
all foreign troops from the territory of Kampuchea." [Text] (0W211335 Beijing 
XINHUA in English 0738 CMT 21 Sep 83) 

PHILIPPINE UNITY--Manila, 21 Sep (XINHUA)--Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos 
urged people today to address themselves to national problems with wisdom, 
prudence and unity rather than “political expediency, demagoguery and dis- 
cordant action.” The president made the appeal over nationwide radio and 
television on the occasion of the llth anniversary of the declaration of martial 
law, which was marked by the biggest ever anti-government demonstration in the 
Philippines. Marcos said, “the opposition will be engaged in recriminations, 
accusations and agitations for changes that are designed not for public good 
but mainly to serve the ends of people who would want to put the political and 
economic stability of our nation in jeopardy." The president said earlier 


that the government would exercise extreme tolerance in dealing with demon- 
strations as long as they do not destroy public and private property. The 
government would be tolerant and principally keep its distance, he said. 
[Text] (LD212258 Beijing XINHUA in English 1623 GMI 21 Sep 83] 

SRV IN KAMPUCHEA--Bangkok, 8 Oct (XINHUA)--Secretary general of the National 
Security Council of Thailand Prasong Sunsiri predicted on Friday that re- 
sistance to the Vietnamese occupation in Kampuchea would become fiercer 

in the coming year. He added that so long as Vietnam attempts to dominate 
Kampuchea, the anti-Vietnamese war in Kampuchea will continue and the 
Kampuchean resistance forces will grow in strength in struggle. Prasong 

made the remarks here before his departure for Geneva to attend the annual 
meeting of the United Nations High Commission for Refugee (UNHCR) during which 
he will press for the resettlement of more Indochinese refugees in third 
countries and more financial assistance to refugees in Thailand. He said he 
will tell the meeting of the Vietnamese military operations which affected 
over 200,000 Kampucheans along the Thai-Kampuchean border. He will also 
inform the meeting of the failure of Western countries to fulfill their 
commitment to help relieve the refugee burden now being shouldered by Thailand, 
he added. [Text] [0W080746 Beijing XINHUA in English 0734 GMT 8 Oct 83) 

CSO: 4000/% 



HK230849 Beijing CHINA DAILY in English 23 Sep 83 p 4 
{"Opinion” column by CHINA DAILY commentator: ‘The Iran-Iraq War") 

[Text] The war between Iran and Iraq has entered its fourth year with no 
end yet in sight. The protracted fighting between the two neighbouring 
countries has cost heavy losses in life and property to both sides, and 
there is always the danger of intervention for either or both of the super- 
powers whose contention for hegemony has been a root cause of every trouble 
in the Middle East. So far, they seem to be content with maintaining a 
relative equilibrium by arms and credit supplies to keep the fire burning. 

It may be recalled that the war has passed through two stages, both of which 
have resulted in a stalemate. In September 1980, Iraq launched an all-out 
offensive against Iran and soon seized some 20,000 square kilometres of 
Iranken territory, threatening Iran's important oil city of Abadan. A year 
later, Iran began its counter-offensive, and by the end of June 1982, Iraq 

had announced that all its forces had withdrawn to "the international border." 
Iran has since launched seven large-scale attacks but all of them have been 
stalled by stiff Iraqi resistance. 

Common Task 

Whatever reasons that either side may have to continue the war cannot be 
really worthy of the enormous drain on manpower and material resources in 
both countries. The pace of development has slackened, and the war burden 
weighs heavily on the back of the people in both countries. The danger is 
that anxiety to win may be tempting the leadetships to bigger risks. Already 
Iraq has warned that it will keep bombing Iranian oil fields. In return, 
Iran has declared that it would block the Hormouz Straits. In the event 

of such a development, third-party involvement in the war would seem almost 

Iran and Iraq are both countries where earliest civilizations existed. Both 
were long subjected to oppression and plunder by imperialiem. Both are rich 
in oil and other resources and face the common task of stepped-up development 
so as to back up their political independence with economic independence. 

And the people in both countries are predominately Muslim. In war, both 

have suffered; in peace, both will flourish. 


The continuation of the Iran-Iraq war in the already sensitive Middle East 
region is causing graver and graver the world. Over the past 
three years, many international organizations and countries have put forward 
varius peace proposals. The United Nations General Assembly and the Security 
Council passed resolutions calling for a ceasefire. Some avenue to mutual 
understanding and mutual accommodation can surely be found whereby the two 
neighbours will live and thrive together in peace. 

CSO: 6000/42 



Beijing SHIJIE ZHISHI [WORLD KNOWLEDCE] in Chinese No 12, 16 Jun 83, p 4 
[Article by Bu Xigiao [1580 1585 0829]: "New Trends in the Afghanistan Issue”] 

[Text] In the recent past, the political struggle surrounding the question of 
Afghanistan showed some new trends. Activities aimed at seeking for a “politi- 
cal settlement” are on the increase. 

Last year, through the mediation of Diego Cordovez, the representative of the 
secretary general of the United Nations, Pakistan and Afghanistan held their 
first roundoff “indirect talks” in Geneva and reached "a package of plans.” 
These plans included the withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan, return 
of Afghan refugees to their homeland, countries in question to guarantee 
noninterference in each other's internal affairs, and an international guaranty. 
These four issues must be resolved simultaneously in an all-round way. 

In both January and February this year, when Cordovez made his “shuttle visits” 
between Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan, the latter two countries again agreed 
to leave to the United Nations talking to Afghan refugees on conditions for 
their returning home. From 11 through 22 April, Cordovez chaired “indirect 
talks” between Pakistan and Afghanistan in Geneva. In this round of talks, 
both « greed in principle to let refugees return to their homeland volun- 
taril sever, they failed to reach an agreement on ways to determine the 
wishes of refugees including the way to set up an organization to consult with 
refugees and the conditions for refugees to return home. The Pakistan side 
felt that the two parties in the Afghan conflict are the Soviet Union-Karmal 
and the people of Afghanistan. Pakistan is not authorized to make decisions 
on behalf of the Afghan refugees. Therefore, Pakistan advocated to leave it 
to Cordovez to contact the Afghan refugees and set conditions for them to re- 
turn home at their own will. This actually placed the representative of the 
refugees in a position to participate in the “indirect talks.” The Pakistan 
side also emphasized that both the question of the withdrawal of Soviet troops 
from Afghanistan and that of letting refugees return home safely and honorably 
have close internal relations. Yet, the Karmal regime insisted that Pakistan 
must first offer a guarantee of “noninterferences in other's internal affairs." 
Pakistan solumnly rejected this unreasonable demand of Afghanistan. Due to 
the fact that the positions of both parties appeared to be far apart, the second 
"indirect talks” recessed without achieving any real progress. 


According to a newly agreed time table, the second round “indirect talks” will 
be resumed 16 June. The world opinion takes the matter seriously. There is 
such an estimate that from now on it is possible to reach certain compromises 
and thereby making certain progress in seeking for a “political settlement.” 
However, it is generally believed that it will take some time to make any pro- 
gress for reaching a “political settlement.” In the near future, it is diffi- 
cult to make a major breakthrough. The main reasons are: 

(1) The Soviet Union will not easily withdraw its troops from Afghanistan. 

The military occupation of Afghanistan by the Soviet Union is a key link of the 
Soviet global strategy. Since the new Soviet leader came to power, it has 
been proved by his words and deeds that the basic Soviet policy toward Afghan- 
istan remains unchanged. In fact, at the time when the Soviet Union speaks 
loudly about the withdrawal of its troops from Afghanistan, such permanent 
strategic facilities as the construction and expansion of large airports and 
guided missile launching sites, construction of highways and underground oil 
depots, and so forth are being strengthened. This year, Soviet troops have 
further intensified their efforts to put down Afghan resistant forces and carry 
out indiscriminate bombing against them. This indicates that the Soviet Union 
has not yet given up its plan of settling the Afghan issue by military means. 
Although Afghanistan has already become a heavy burden to the Soviet Union, it 
seems that it has not yet reached the point where the Soviet Union can sustain 
itself only if it immediately withdraws its troops. 

(2) The Karmal regime is very unstable. Tempered in struggles over the past 
3 years, troops of the Afghan resistance forces have gradually been expanded 
and their equipment and tactics been improved. Unity and coordination among 
various resistance organizations have been strengthened. They have basically 
managed to put the rural areas under their control. They have established a 
number of bases and stepped up guerrilla activities against the cities. Once 
the Soviet troops are withdrawn, the Karmal regime, which is propped up by the 
bayonets of the Soviet armed forces, will undoubtedly have difficulty standing 

(3) Pakistan has always insisted and reiterated at the “indirect talks" its 
four principles for bringing about a settlement to the Afthan question. These 
four principles are that the Soviet troops must be withdrawn from Afghanistan, 
the right of the Afghan people to enjoy self-determination must be respected, 
the independence and non-alliance status of Afghanistan must be guaranteed, and 
that Afghan refugees must be allowed to return home safely and with honor. 

The Afghan people themselves also have their own stand in principle with regard 
to "political settlement.” The Afghan refugees are of the opinion that the 
Geneva negotiations must first discuss the question of unconditional withdrawal 
of the Soviet troops from Afghanistan. They claimed that if the Soviet Union 
does not withdraw its troops from Afghanistan, they are determined not to return 
home. Afghan resistance organizations also expressed that without the partici- 
pation of the genuine representatives of the Afghan people, no political settle- 
ment will be accepted. 

(4) Internationally, the Western nations including the United States and Gulf 
nations including Saudi Arabia are presently not inclined to reach a compromise 


with the Soviet Union over the Afghan issue. The Afghan issue is a card played 
by the West to deal with the Soviet Union. They are unlikely to agree to make 
rash concessions. For both religious and geographical reasons, Gulf nations 
including Saudi Arabia also actively support the struggle of the Afghan resis- 
tance force against the Soviet Union. And they give help to Pakistan both 
politically and economically. In the course of seeking a "political settlement,” 
Pakistan is bound to take their stand into consideration. 

(5) Iran, another neighboring country of Afghanistan, holds an uncompromising 
stand. It adheres to the policy of non-recognition of the Karmal regime and 
refuses to enter into “indirect talks" with them. Iran is not only of the 
opinion that representatives of the Afghan resistance organizations must take 
part in the talks, but it also believes that the Soviet Union must withdraw its 
troops. lran at the same time demands that the United States cease to intervene. 
A certain number of Afghan refugees are now in Iran. The attitude of Iran 

cannot avoid playing a contairing role and exerting an influence over the 
"political settlement." 

In view of the above-mentioned facts, Cordovez, the representative of the 
secretary general of the United Nations, cannot but recognize that the 
"indirect talks" taking place in Geneva between Pakistan and Afghanistan is a 
"very difficult and long-drawn-out process." 

The world opinion also predicts that it will be impossible for the “indirect 
talks” to make a dramatic break-through towards a “political settlement." 

CSO: 4005/1072 



LD240029 Beijing XINHUA in English 1351 GMT 23 Sep 83 
["Soviet Official Concludes Visit to Egypt"--XINHUA headline] 

[Text] Cairo, September 23 (XINHUA)--Oleg Grinevski, director of the Soviet 
Foreign Ministry's Middle East Affairs Department left here for home this 
morning after a five-day visit to Egypt. 

Grinevski's visit here is the first by a high-level Soviet official since 

According to reliable sources, Grinevski's talks with Egyptian Foreign 
Ministry officials dealt with the situation in the Middle East and issues 
concerning bilateral relations. Observers here believe that the visit was 
a step towards the normalization of relations between the two countries. 

Reports say that the joint Egyptian-Soviet committee on economic affairs 
is scheduled to meet again next January. The last meeting of the committee 
which was held in Moscow last May resulted in a big increase in the volume 
of trade exchanges on both sides. 

cso: 4000/39 



HK170154 Beijing CHINA DAILY in English 17 Sep 83 p 4% 
["Opinion" column article by CHINA DAILY commentator: "For Peace in Lebanon") 

[Text] War-torn Lebanon is now the primary concern of the international 

Fighting has erupted between foreign troops, domestic factions and between 
foreignand local armed forces inthis Middle East country with only 2.6 million 
people and 10,400 square kilometres of territory. Of gravest public concern 

at the moment is the escalating conflict between Lebanese government forces 
and Christian and Druze Moslem militiamen after the Israeli withdrawal from 
the Aley and Shouf Mountains. Foreign interference has intensified and com- 
plicated an already serious situation. 

Chaos in Lebanon is a direct result of the Israeli armed invasion more than 
a year ago and its occupation has brought untold sufferings to the Lebanese 
people. Cities were destroyed, thousands oi innocent civilians lost their 
lives an many thousands more were forced to leave their homes as refugees. 
Israel's atrocities against the Palestine Liberation Organization forces 
also brought the multi-national, peace-keeping forces to Lebanon. 


The deteriorating Lebanese situation is threatening peace and security 
throughout the Middle East. To bring peace back to Lebanon, first of all, 
it is vital that Israel withdraw unconditionally from the country. 

Instead of responding to the repeated calls from the United Nations and 
honouring the agreement reached with the Lebanese government on troop with- 
drawal, Israel moved its forces in the central mountainous areas to the 
south. The Israe!' army has now regrouped along the Awali River in an 
attempt to occupy southern Lebanon with a permanent settlement covering 
2,800 square kilometres and with a population of 520,000. While playing 
this new game of "partial withdrawal," Israel has instigated fiercer con- 
flict among the local forces. 



Until 1975, Christians and Moslems lived peacefully together, solving the 
major issues of the country by consultation. Today, faced with such a fierce 
foe as Israel, they must continue to resolve their differences by negotia- 
tion, if they are to safeguard their national interests. An end to the 
fighting between Christian and Moslem brethren is the only way to preserve 

the fundamental interests of the Lebanese people and to ward off foreign 

They were able to live together in peace and harmony before. There is no 

reason why they cannot do the same now rather than allow themselves to play 
into the hands of the common enemy. 

CSO: 4000/39 



OW240254 Beijing XINHUA in English 0239 GMT 24 Sep 83 

[Text] Athens, September 23 (XINHUA)--Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi 
accused the United States and France of making “a complicated situation even 
more complex" through direct involvement in the Lebanese conflict. 

Speaking at a press conference here tonight at the end of her talks with 
Greek Government leaders, Mre Gandhi expressed India's support for the terri- 
torial integrity and sovereignty of Lebanon and called for the withdrawal 

of all foreign troops from the war-ravaged country. 

"The root of the whole problem started with the Israeli invasion,” she said, 
adding that so far as the Palestinian people are concerned, "we should not 
forget that they had been driven out of their homeland." 

On the issue of Cyprus, she said India supports the recent initiative of 
United Nations Secretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar for the resumption 
of the deadlocked intercommunal talks. 

Che described the downing of the South Korean airliner as "a deplorable 
incident." She asked for an investigation into the whole question. 

Mrs Ganthi arrived here Thursday on a four-day visit to Greece. A framework 
agreement for bilateral cooperationin the sectors of economy, science and 
technology was signed earlier today. 

Mrs Gandhi, who sponsored next week's informal meeting of heads of state 

or government during the UN General Assembly session, is on her way to New 
York to attend the session. She is expected to stop over in Paris to confer 
with French President Francois Mitterrand. 

CSO: 4000/40 




CHINESE-AIDED ROAD IN SUDAN--Khartoum, 9 Sep (XINHUA)--Sudanese Minister 

of Construction and Public Works Abel Alier on 8 September inspected the 
Chinese-aided project of paving the (Maidani-Cheruifu) highway with bituminous 
concrete. Accompanied by Chinese engineers and technicians, the minister 
travelled 83 kilometers on the 227-kilometer highway. He praised the work 

of the Chinese engineers and technicians. Started in May 1981, the project 

is expected to be completed and handed over to the Sudanese Government this 
October. [Summary] [0W230635 Beijing XINHUA Domestic Service in Chinese 

9 Sep 83 OW) 

HOSPITAL IN N. YEMEN--San'a'’, 25 Sep (XINHUA)--A 64,000-square-meter hospital 
for women and children to be built with Chinese aid broke ground today. 

It will be operational in two years’ time. A ground breaking ceremony was 
held today with vice-president of the Arab Yemen Republic ‘Abd al-'‘Aziz ‘Abd 
al-Ghani and Chinese Public Health Minister Cui Yueli attending. [0W251416 
Beijing XINHUA in English 1532 GMT 25 Sep 83 Ow] 

cso: 4000/42 



HKO70552 Beijing BEIJING REVIEW in English No 35, 29 Aug 83 p 8 

[Interview by BEIJING REVIEW with Zimbabwean President Canaan S. Banana 
"During His Stay in Beijing") 

[Text] BR: Would you please tell us about your impressions of the visit? 

Banana: I feel it's a very great success. I was able to meet the Chinese 
leadership. We discussed a number of matters of mutual interest between 
our two countries and peoples. China and Zimbabwe have enjoyed very close 
relations, and it is our common desire that these reltaions should be con- 
solidated and expanded. 

Q: What areas of cooperation do you feel would be most significant for both 

A: We have had various agreements covering cooperation in technical, cul- 
tural and economic matters. Progress has already been made in a number of 
these areas. We've made a very good start. There is a vast region where 
we can cooperate to the mutual benefit of our two countries and peoples. 
Naturally the economic field is the priority listed by our two governments. 

Q: What is Zimbabwe's experience in developing its national economy, espe- 
clally its agriculture? 

A: In order to have a viable economic system you have to have stability 
in the country. So it is necessary to create a political climate that's 
conducive to economic development. After Zimbabwe achieved independence, 
my government announced a policy of national reconciliation intended to 
integrate all sections of the society, and we mobilized all available 
resources for productive purposes. We integrated various forces into one 
national army. 

My government places emphasis on an integrated policy of agriculture, which 
gives attention to the promotion of communal farming alongside commercial 
farming. We are glad that it is possible to come to some arrangement with 
China that the Chinese will undertake a project in the promotion of the rice 
industry in Zimbabwe, and we are looking forward to this cooperation very 


Q: What position does Zimbabwe take on the issue of Namibia's independence? 

A: Subscribing to the UN Resolution 435 that Namibia's independence must 

be instituted without delay, we support SWAPO (South West Africa People's 
Organization) as the legitimate representative of the Namibian people. We 
reject the linkage of the Namibian issue with the withdrawal of Cuban troops 
from Angola. We feel this issue is irrelevant, it has nothing to do with 
Namibia. Namibia as a country can't be held as a hostage because of that. 

We condemn apartheid and South Africa's attacks on its peace-loving 

CSO: 6000/41 



04230224 Beijing XINHUA in English 0141 GMT 22 Sep 83 

[Text] United Nations, September 22 (XINHUA)--Prime Minister Robert Mugabe 
of Zimbabwe today called for the early independence of Namibia and rejected 
any linkage of this issue with the presence of Cuban troops in Angola. 

At a press conference at the U.N. headquarters, Mugabe said, "It is abso- 
lutely necessary that the momentum be kept and progress made toward Namibia's 
attainment of independence. 

He said during his visit in Washington he had the impression that the United 
States was still clinging to the view that the independence of Namibia 
should be contingent upon the withdrawal of Cuban troops from Angola. 

"We don't accept that linkage at all. We are of the view that the two are 
unrelated questions,” stressed Mugabe. 

This linkage, he pointed out, "defies logic, defies morality, and runs 
counter to the U.N. charter" which sets out the right of every people to 

He urged the U.N. Security Council to work harder for the fulfilment of 
U.N. Resolution 435 leading to Namibia's independence. 

Asked about the use of force in Namibia, Mugabe said that “we ourselves 

in Africa are already supporting” the use of force by the South West African 
People's Organization (SWAPO) to overthrow the apartheid regime in Namibia 
to lead its people to independence. 

He said the crisis in Chad was an African problem, which should be solved 
by the Organization of African Unity (OAU) or under the auspices of OAU. 

CSO: 4000/39 



OW251608 Beijing XINHUA in English 1556 GMT 25 Sep 83 

[Text] Harare, September 25 (XINHUA)--Prime Minister Robert Mugabe of 
Zimbabwe said here today he was dismayed to discover that the United States 
was still clinging to the linkage of Namibian independence with the withdrawal 
of Cuban troops from Angola. 

Speaking at an airport news conference here upon his return from a 17-day 

tour of Ireland, the United States, Canada and the United Nations, Mugabe 
said, "We have enjoyed excellent relations with the United States. However, 
we have differences on the modality of bringing about Namibia's independence." 
He went on to say that the Americans emphasized that it was South Africa 

that was insisting on the withdrawal of Cubans from Angola, but "we know 

that South Africa has derived it from the U.S." 

Accusing the British Government of trying to "intimidate and manipulate" 
Zimbabwe into releasing the airforce officers detained on sabotage charges, 
the prime minister stressed that Britain tries "to press us to do one thing 
or another, this is very undesirable development, because those persons 
threaten our security." [sentence as received] 

He added, “We fought for our independence. We are a sovereign state. We 
do not accept any intimidation from any quarter or any manipulation by any- 
body. Zimbabwe is Zimbabwe. My government stands by its principles that 

in Zimbabwe, we shall pursue things on our own way." 

cso: 4000/42 



OW130934 Beijing XINHUA in English 0742 GMT 13 Sep 83 

[Text] Ndjamena, September 12 (XINHUA)--"We are expecting French direct 
military intervention against Libyans in Chad... We have pinned great hopes 
on France,” declared Idriss Eby, commander-in-chief of the armed forces of 
Chad today in Arada, in a briefing to foreign journalists who were visiting 
the front line in northern Chad. 

He said "The military situation at present in northern Chad has been ignored 
by the international press. They claimed this as a quarrel with certain 
members in the Chadian Transitional Government of National Unity (GANT) [as 
received]. Someone even showed doubt about exchanges of fire in Chad." 
"No," he stressed, "this is no quarrel, but a real war with the Libyan 
aggressors, because the GANT no longer existed in the world." He said the 
Islamic League, mercenaries composed of people from Sudan, Mali, Nigeria 

and Chad which had been knocked together by Libya, was pushed to fight the 
Chadian army in the frontline. He disclosed that Libya has thrown sophisti- 
cated weapons including aircraft into its war with Chad. 

He expressed the hope that the French Government would “understand our war 
with Libyaand the difficulties we have met." 

He said during the Second World War, Chadians had made great sacrifice for 
France. At present, when Chad is encounterdéd with Libyan intervention, it 
is high time for France to make sacrifices for the Chadians. 

Eby said "If French continue to refuse to go to war with Libya, then the 
armed forces of Chad will fight by themselves with Libya. We rely mainly 
on ourselves." 

Accompanied by Eby and Secretary of State Brahim Mahamat Idio, the reporters 
toured three battlefronts including Kalait, the government's most advanced 
position, and saw over 30 bodies of black Africans, damaged trucks and 
craters one meter in depth and about five meters in width. 

The press corps were also shown20 war prisoners of black Africans and some 
captured weapons including machine-guns, rocket launchers and rifles, mostly 
Soviet made. 


The battlefronte are quiet at present. Eby told the reporters that the 
Chadian troops have thrust 125 kms to the north and are now approaching 

Commander of the French troops Jean Poli said last Saturday his men are 
protecting the rear of the government forces and would not stop them from 
launching an offensive. 

CSO: 6000/39 



Beijing RENKOU YANJIU [POPULATION RESEARCH] in Chinese No 4, 29 Jul 83 pp 28-29 

[Article by Shen Quhua [3088 4428 7520]: “An Analysis of the Marital Situation 
of Our Population”) 

[Text] When a census is conducted, the questionnaire usually lists an item on 
marital status in order to reflect the person's marital state at that given 
moment. Our third national census showed that there are four marital states: 
unmarried, spouse living, spouse deceased and divorced. Unmarried means a 
person has never married. Spouse living means a person is already married and 
is in a situation of cohabitation. Spouse deceased means a person has been 
married but the spouse is now dead and the person has not remarried. Divorced 
means a person has already formally dissolved his marriage through legal pro- 
cedures and not yet remarried. In some countries, “separated” is also provided 
as another cateogry. A separated person means the relationship of husband-wife 
cohabitation is already broken up but there has not yet been a formal divorce. 

Every person can get married only when he or she grows to a certain age; hence, 
when the number of persons in various marital situations is calculated, a 
minimum age must be provided. The minimum age provided by our third national 
census was 15; that is to say, only persons 15 years old and above are counted 

in statistics on the marital state. On the basis of these numbers of people 

in various marital states, the percentage» they respectively make up of the total 
can also be calculated. 

The two sexes have different characteristics as regards their biological, social 
and economic conditions; this also leads to different characteristics between 
the male population and the female population in their marital states. There- 
fore, when data on such marital states are analyzed, they usually must be ex- 
amined separately as to each of these two sexes. For example, according to our 
third national census data from the Wuxi Municipality experimental point, at 

the middle-year point of 1982 the percentages of people in various marital 
states among the population 15 years old and above are tabulated as follows: 


Sex Unmarried Spouse Living Spouse Deceased Divorced 

Total 32.76 60 .32 6.46 0.46 
Male 37.38 59 .69 2.42 0.51 
Female 27.96 60.98 10.65 0.41 

This tabulation shows that in Wuxi Municipality the structures of the marital 
states between the male and female population are quite different. Among the 
male population, the unmarried make up 37.38 percent, while the female make up 
only 27.96 percent; among those with deceased spouses, the males make up 2.42 
percent, and the females make up as much as 10.65 percent. This is because: 
1) the death rate among males is generally higher than that among females; 

2) the ages of husbands are usually higher than those of wives, hence the 
death rate among husbands is usually higher than that among wives. 

Marital states are very closely related to the ages of the persons involved. 
Persons of different ages are often found is different marital situations; 
hence, apart from examination by different sexes, there should also be examin- 
ation by different ages as to such marital states. Now let me cite the per- 
centages in the marital states made up by various age groups in the census data 
from the Wuxi Municipality experimental point as follows: 

Key: 2 2 : 
(1) Age 7" oe Hee RO eM AO EO AO 
(2) Male we oO 0,02 i 
(3) Female ’ 9.19 
(4) Unmarried ~ “3 

| 1,22 |94.67, 
(5) Spouse Living ++ 4 | 

(6) Spouse Deceased 
(7) Divorced 

This tabulation shows the different characteristics in the marital states of 
the various age groups in the population of Wuxi Municipality: 1) An over- 
whelming majority of the 20-24 group are unmarried, of them males make up 

97.96 percent, and females 87.66 percent. Conversely, that is to say, in 1980 
only 2.04 percent of males and only 12.34 percent of females of this same age 
range were married. This indicates that late marriage had become rather common. 
In the meantime, the ratio of the unmarried in the 25-29 age group quickly 
dropped. This explains that marriage for both males and females is concentrated 
in this age period. Because the first marriage age of females is lower than 
that of males, the ratio of the unmarried females is only 17.02 percent. Of 
males in the 35-39 range and females in the 30-34 range, nearly 97 percent are 
already married. 2) Those who never get married are very few; among those 
unmarried in the 50-54 age group, ma.\es make up only 1.22 percent, and females 
are even fewer, making up only 0.54 percent. 3) The ratio of divorced is also 
very amall; this reflects the relatively stable situation with marriages in our 
country. 4) The ratio of those wich their respective spouses deceased increases 
with the increase in age. After chey enter a higher age group, the rat‘o of 
females losing their spouses is far higher than that of males. In the 65-69 

age group, for instance, the ratio of males losing their spouses is 15 percent, 
whereas the ratio of females is as high as 51.81 percent. This even more clear- 
ly reflects the situation of the great age gap between husbands and wives and 

of the death rate of males being higher than that of females. 


Among the various ratios in the marital situation of the population, the ratio 
of the unmarried is a very useful indicator. In the example cited above, 
through the ratios of the unmarried on the basis of age differentiation is 
roughly reflected the situation about the age of people's first marriage. The 
ratio of those who never get married among people of the same age range is also 
the watio of those who do not get married at all. These always affect the 
level of birth rate directly because this indicator is often an important basis 
for analyzing the birth rate and forecasting population increase. 

Factors affecting people's marriage are multifarious, for example, social 
economic conditions, customs and habits, religious beliefs, professions and 
cultural level, all directly affect marriage. Along with the changes in these 
factors, the marital states of the population as a whole also change continuous- 
ly. We can reflect the characteristics of their change by dynamic comparison. 
Apart trom this, if we can sort out respectively and compare as well as analyze 
the data on marital states according to regions, cities and countryside, 
nationalities, professions and cultural levels, then they can reflect the 
marital states of different population segments and strata even better. Now, 
let us compare the different marital states between the urban and the rural 
population with the data from the Wuxi Municipality and Wuxi County census ex- 
perimental points. 

Percentages of Numbers of People of Various Marital States in Relation to Various 
Age Groups in 1980 

Key : we} # 

oe i a K30—3410.38 3.18 |96.02 

(2) Male (8) Wuxi Munici- g 505 1.2% 0.54 8.06 

( d) Female pality Biis—¢ 1.24 ji 1.10 46.41 
(4) Unmarried (9) Wuxi County x20—-2 8,45 (31.51 0.0 
(5) Spouse Living y ie os “0 
(6) Souse Deceased & ‘ ¥ 

By analyzing the above tabulation, we can see that in either the male or the 
female category the ratio of the unmarried in the 20-24 age group and the 

30-34 age group in the cities is always greater than that in the countryside; 
this shows that the late marriage condition among urban youths is more general 
than that among countryside youths. When countryside women reach the 30-34 

age group they are basically all married, and those remaining unmarried make 

up only 0.62 percent, whereas urban women, when reaching that age group, still 
have 3.18 percent among them remaining unmarried. In the 30-34 age group, only 
9.66 percent of countryside males remain unmarried, whereas, on the other hand, 
10.38 percent of urban males remain unmarried. Looking at the ratio of the un- 
married among the older age groups, that is, the ratio of those who never get 
married, we see that the ratio of both urban and countryside women is rather 
small while that of countryside women is even smaller. But the ratio of country- 
side males who never get married is higher than that of urban males, this is 
possibly because countryside males whose local conditions or family conditions 
are inadequate often find it rather hard to get married. Looking at the situa- 
tion of those of the older age groups who are tabulated as spouse deceased, we 
see that, in the case of the ratio of countryside females with spouse deceased, 
that of some age groups is higher than that in the cities while that of other 


age groups is lower than that in the cities; but the ratio of countryside males 
with spouse deceased is generally higher than that in the cities. Looking at 
the situation of the divorced in the older age groups, we see that in the case 
of the ratio of the divorced females, that in the cities is higher than that in 
the countryside, whereas in the case of the ratio of divorced males, that in the 
countryside is somehow higher than that in the cities. The reason leading to 
the above situations is probably because, in a situation in which conditions 

in the countryside are generally less adequate than those in the cities, 
countryside males seem to have been placed in an even more passive position in 
regard to their marriage and once they are divorced or lose their spouse, it 

is harder for them to remarry. Thus, we are able through such comparison of 
marital states between the urban and rural population to discover certain 
different characteristics and thereby further ascertain the reasons leading to 
such different characteristics. 

As stated above, marital states reflect the numbers and ratios of people in 
different marital states at a given moment; such states have resulted from 
various population events of the preceding period such as marriage, divorce 

and death. If the divorced remarry, then this process cannot be shown in the 
statistical figure about that particular marital state of the population. In 
order to show how many events, such as marriages, divorces, etc, there are in 

a certain period, we need to calculate the marriage rate and divorce rate of 

a certain period (e.g., a certain year). Marriage rate is the ratio of those 
who marry (or married couples) in relation to the total population in a certain 
period; divorce rate is the ratio of those who divorce (or divorced couples) 

in relation to the total population in a certain period. We may also count 
males and females separately. The figures of the married and the divorced used 
in calculating the marriage rate and the divorce rate all indicate the numbers 
of occurrence of events of marriage and divorce in that certain period. If a 
certain person is married and then divorced in a certain period. If a certain 
person is married and then divorced in a certain year, then we must include 
that person both in the figure of the married and also in the figure of the 
divorced of that year; this is different from reflecting the figure of the 
married and the figure of the divorced in the marital situation of a certain 
point in time. 

Marriage can be divided into first marriage and remarriage. In order to re- 
flect the different states of the two, we may calculate the first marriage 
rate and the remarriage rate separately. The first marriage rate is the ratio 
of males (or females) who marry for the first time in relation to the totals 
of the unmarried males (or females). The remarriage rate is the ratio, on the 
other hand, of males (or females) who remarry in relation to the totals of 
males (or females) who have their spouse deceased or who are divorced. In 
calculating all this, we must make use of data about the marital situations 

of the population. 

CSO: 4005/1156 



Beijing RENKOU YANJIU [POPULATION RESEARCH] in Chinese No 4, 29 Jul 83 pp 57-58 

[Report by Zhao Changxin [6392 7022 2450]: "The On-the-Spot Family Planning 
Work Conference at Rongcheng"] 

[Text] The On-the-Spot National Family Planning Work Conference at Rangcheng 
was convened 7-11 May 1983 at Shidao Town in Rongcheng County, Shandong Pro- 
vince. One hundred twenty responsible persons of family planning departments 
of the various provinces, municipalities, autonomous regions and the PLA and 
comrades from the party Central Committee, concerned departments of state 
organs, and press units attended the conference. The participating comrades 
listened to reports on their experiences made by Rengcheng County, Wendeng 
County, and the six communes (units) under their jurisdiction, visited seven 
production brigades, and held discussion forums, and achieved satisfactory 

Qian Zhongzin (6929 1813 0207], chiarman of the State Family Planning Commission, 
said at the opening of the conference: three major reasons prompted the con- 
vening of this On-the-Spot National Family Planning Work Conference: One is to 
control population increase; carrying out birth control is a long-range 
Strategic task which concerns the construction of our four modernizations. In 
order to constrain our population within 1.2 billion by the end of the present 
century, the natural increase rate of the country’s population during the 
period of our Sixth 5-Year Plan must be constrained within 13 per 1,000; this 
is a formidable task, and we cannot possibly relax on our birth control work. 
The second is to consolidate and develop the fighting results of our propaganda 
month activities and further implement our 1983 tasks for bringing about a new 
situation in our birth control work; it is necessary to push our birth control 
work further through this on-the-spot conference. The third is, in view of the 
fact that the various provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions have 
during the past few months consecutively readjusted their leading groups, to 
redeploy our work somewhat through this on-the-spot conference so as to enable 
the new leading groups to get a close handle on launching their work. 

In his summing-up speech at the conference, Comrade Qiang Zhongxin said: 
Localities across the country must conscientiously study and apply Rengcheng 
County's experience in "concentrating on the three main tasks,” that is, in 
birth control work concentrating on propaganda and education, contraception, 


and regular effort as its main tasks. This is a conclusion on the law of our 
birth control work. "Concentrating on the three main tasks” embodies the con- 
sistency of the party’s policies, the mass line and a scientific attitude in 
birth control work; it is the new direction of our effort in doing a good job 

in our birth control work. Rangcheng County has correctly handled the relation- 
ship between the working measures in six aspects--that is, propaganda and edu- 
cation and economic restriction, contraception and remedial measures, and 
regular effort and crash activities--by applying the method of dialectical 
unity; this enables them to show both what is primary and what is secondary, 
while at the same time penetrating, complementing and supplementing each other. 
In speculating on how to achieve this “concentrating on the three main tasks," 
Comrade Qian Zhongxin said: We must insist, under party leadership, on grasping 
the two kinds of production simultaneously and doing a good job in the follow- 
ing: 1) We must strengthen and develop "the three contingents” in our birth 
control work (the propaganda contingent, the birth control techniques contingent, 
and the contingent of activist elements from the masses), establish and strengthen 
the basic-level operational network throughout the county, the communes, the 
production brigades and the production teams, and mobilize all social forces: 
this the organizational guarantee for launching our birth control work. 2) We 
must establish and strengthen a birth control work system, including the per- 
sonal responsibility system for the cadres and the practice of signing “double- 
quota" agreements with members of communes, the birth situation registration 

and management system, the system on the concrete routines for cadres of birth 
control work, the work system for propaganda and education, and for administer- 
ing birth control techniques, so as to guarantee the implementation of this 
approach of “concentrating on the three main tasks." 3) Mobilize various 
circles to carry out comprehensive handling in a closely coordinated manner, 
popularize knowledge about population theories, strengthen our work in protect- 
ing women and children, do a good job in our work of making sure that the old 
are all provided and the young are all given education: ali this contributes 

to the important basis for “concentrating on the three main tasks." 

In his speech, Comrade Qian Zhongxin also profoundly analyzed the situation 
about our birth control work. He said: The situation of our national birth 
control work has developed very rapidly, turned out to be just fine, and entered 
into a new stage both in theory and in practice; but the tasks of population 
control confronting us remain formidable. 

In order to accomplish the task of reducing the natural increase rate of our 
population to below 13 per 1,000, the following requirements were suggested: 

1) Further heighten our perception of the important strategic significance of 
birth control. Insist on taking propaganda and education as the link of first 
importance in handling our family planning well. Under the leadership of party 
committees and governments at all levels, propaganda, culture, broadcasting and 
television, public health, women’s federation, trade union, CYL and such organ- 
izations and departments closely cooperate with one another to give full scope 
to the important role of newspapers and journals, broadcasting, television, 
movies, slides, dramas in the propagation of birth control so as to heighten 
the perception of the masses about birth control. Making calculations and com- 
parisons is a good approach to carrying out propaganda and education; it opens 
up a new avenue for propagating birth control. This activity must be developed 


in a deepening and sustained manner for 2 or 3 years in a row in order to really 
touch people's hearts and achieve the necessary results. 2) Take birth control 
as an important content of building our spiritual civilization. Take as a com 
ponent part of building our spiritual civilization and grasp regularly the 
breaking up of old concepts such as “males are more important than females,” 
“the more sons, the more happiness,” and “the family name must be carried for- 
ward generation after generation." 3) Grasp closely and handle well the imple- 
mentation of technical measures. In order to prevent multiple births and in- 
crease the single-birth rate, promote sterilization among one of the spouses of 
childbearing age who have already given birth to two or more children through 
ideological education and on the basis of consciousness and voluntary action, 
and promote contraception among women of childbearing age who have already given 
birth to one child; meanwhile, reinforce guidance on the use of contraception 
medicine and instrum«-nts, and handle well conceptions beyond plan. 4) Strengthen 
our birth control policy. Further improve our investigation and study, handle 
well the drafting work on our “Birth Control Law," and, on the basis of sufficient 
investigation and study, put forward practical and feasible programs and 
measures. 5) Study advanced experiences, continue to expand the area of ad- 
vanced experiences and compress the area of backward practices. While studying 
and applying Rongcheng's experience, it is necessary to adhere to dialectical 
materialism, analyze which things are, and which are not, things of a general 
nature in the manner of seeking truth from facts; concrete approaches of a 
general nature must be expanded in conjunction with a given locality's economic, 
cultural and working foundations and conditions about the masses so that they 
are applied in a way suited to local conditions, so that there is no arbitrary 
transfer and application of unsuitable experiences, there is no resorting to 
formalism. 6) Improve the quality of our population, strengthen scientific 
research. While exercising control over the quantity of our population, pay 
attention to, and strengthen, our knowledge on eugenic and fine rearing work 

and carry out systematic, scientific management from the birth of the child, 

to its being put in a nursury and sent to school. Efforts must be made with 
concerned departments to actively propagate such knowledge on eugenics and fine 
rearing, to develop prenatal examination, consultation on heredity, and protec- 
tion during the pregnancy period, to improve the quality of our birth delivery 
work, and to do a good job in protecting the health of our women and children. 
Strengthen the scientific research in contraception techniques, determine key 
areas, list them as special projects to be tackled, reinforce necessary gui- 
dance, and then proceed to tackle them. 

CSO: 4005/1156 



OW132103 Beijing XINHUA in English 1153 GMT 11 Sep 83 

[Text} Beijing, September 11 (XINHUA)--An institution of higher learning 
specially for democratic personages will reopen in November after a suspen- 
sion of about 20 years, according to the National Committee of the Chinese 
People's Political Consultative Conference. 

The Central Socialist Academy, sponsored by the CPPCC National Committee, 
was established in Beijing in October 1956, and its president then was the 
late Chinese famous educationist Wu Yuzhang. During the ten years between 
1956 and 1966, a total of 1,806 democratic personages and high-ranking, 
non-party intellectuals attended the academy. But it was closed at the 
beginning of the cultural revolution in 1966. 

At the request of various democratic parties and other non-party personages, 
the Standing Committee of the CPPCC National Committee last year decided 
to restore the institution and a group was formed to make preparations. 

The preparatory group has notified people recently to enroll 100 students 
from among officials of democratic parties and other non-party democratic 
personages, who will study the basic theory of Marxism and theory and 

policies on the united front. The length of schooling is set at one year. 

Leaders of the preparatory group also said that similar institutions would 
be restored in various provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions. 

CSO: 4000/43 




GRADUATE STUDENT ADMISSIONS--The 1983 task of admissions to graduate students 
working for master's degrees has been fulfilled throughout the country. 

The new graduate students have been enrolled. According to statistics, a 
total of over 15,000 graduate students working for master's degrees have 

been admitted to 330 institutes of higher learning and 289 scientific 
research organizations in China this year. This is over 1,000 students 

more than the plan. Of the students admitted, 35 percent are personnel at 
their posts. This year's admissions’ work is still based on the principle 

of judging applicants by moral, intellectuals and physical criteria in an 
all-round way, matriculating the better ones to guarantee quality and putting 
quality before quantity. The vast majority of the new students admitted 

are excellent college graduates. [Text] [O0W221003 Beijing Domestic Service 
in Mandarin 1000 GMT 21 Sep 83] 

CSO: 6005/45 



Jinan DAZHONG RIBAO in Chinese 21 Jul 83 p 1 

[Article by staff reporter: “Realize a Fundamental Turn For the Better in 
Party Workstyle; Initiate a New Phase in Discipline Inspection Work. The 
Shandong Provincial Discipline Inspection Commission of the CPC Submitted 
a Written Report to the 4th Provincial CPC Congress on Work Conditions and 
Proposals for Future Work") 

[Text] The Shandong Discipline Inspection Commission of the CPC submitted 
a written report to the 4th Provincial CPC Congress. 

Following a review and summary of the main work and basic experiences during 
the last 4-odd years, the report put forward the following proposals: 

To conduct an education of party members in party workstyle and party disci- 
pline, using the new party constitution as the main subject. Party committees 
and discipline commissions at all levels must accept an effective education 

of party members as an important task that must be firmly taken in hand for 
the purpose of strengthening the party ideologically, improving its style of 
work and enhancing the political quality of party members. In the course of 
this education, each party member should use the new party constitution as a 
mirror and, linking up with reality, earnestly reflect and check his own men- 
tality, his work and his workstyle, raise his achievements to greater heights, 
overcome shortcomings and rectify errors. 

The education shall provide the large number of our party members with a clear 
and definite understanding of the character, status and function of the party, 
a clear understanding of the ultimate goal of the party and of the main tasks 
at the present stage, a clear understanding that the purpose of the party is to 
serve the people wholeheartedly, a clear understanding that the system of 
democratic centralism is the fundamental organizational principle of the party 
and that the discipline of the party is the guarantee for the execution of the 
party’s political line, a clear understanding of the standards required in a 
party member and the basic conditions for being a party cadre. Basing on this 

education, the discipline inspection organs, in coordination with the departments 

concerned, shall consolidate the party's workstyle and the party's organization 
is a planned way and in stages and shall build up the party into the staunch 
core leadership in the socialist modernization drive. 


To resolutely defend the political discipline of the party. The party organ- 
izations at all levels and all party members must unswervingly maintain identity 
of political views with the Central Committee, resolutely implement the political 
line, principles and policies of the party: this is the political discipline 

of the party. Defending the political discipline of the party is the question 
of the first importance to ensure unity and solidarity of the party and to 
realize the fundamental turn for the better in the style of work of the party. 
The party committees and discipline inspection commissions at all levels must 
accept defense of the political discipline as their important task, place it in 
primary position in all discipline inspection work and effectively set about 
this task. The continued persistence in “leftist” erroneous ideologies, re- 
sistance and attacks against the party's line, principles and policies, acting 
contrary to the four fundamental principles and engaging in bourgeois liberalism 
and tactionalism, committing dereliction of duty and malfeasance in office and 
causing the state to suffer property losses: cases of this nature must all be 
promptly investigated and sternly dealt with. At present, we especailly em- 
phasize the need to maintain identity of views with the Central Committee in 

the question of reform, to actively protect and support all reforms that have 
us advance along the socialist path, to resolutely resist and oppose all erron- 
eous expressions and actions that obstruct reform and to ensure the smooth pro- 
gress of the four modernizations and of all our reform work. 

fo earnestly rectify the various unhealthy tendencies that exist in our party. 
Through several years of recovery and reform, the condition of the party 

in our province has greatly improved, the party's style of work has experienced 
a marked turn for the better, but the problems of impurity of ideology, impurity 
of style of work and impurity of organization still exist in our party, and 

the style of work has not yet fundamentally changed for the better. We shall 
seize on several unhealthy trends that are most harmful and most hated by the 
masses and engage in struggle against them “with thunderlike violence and 
windlike swiftness." Based on the realities of this province, we shall use a 
certain period of time from now on to put a stop to four types of unhealthy 
trends, proceeding in a planned way and in stages. One, we shall check the 
unhealthy trend of arrogating the unit of which one is in charge as one's own 
“territory,” that one may rule at will, of taking the important task and powers 
bestowed by the party and the people as the capital for ruling like an overload, 
refusing to implement the party's line, principles and policies and rejecting 
all rules and regulations. Two, we shall check the unhealthy trend of taking 
advantage of the powers of office to violate discipline by building houses for 
private use, to violate financial and economic discipline by building high- 
standard residences, of assigning good houses to oneself, of occupying an unduly 
large amount of housing, of illegally changing rural status to non-rural for the 
benefits of one's children or friends and of engaging in artful manipulations 

to have them enter higher school, get a job, revise qualifications, raise to 
cadre position, get promoted and join the party. Third, we shall check the un- 
healthy trend of using public funds and property to entertain guests and pre- 
sent gifts, give extravagant feasts, to spend lavishly and squander money, to 
bribe and take bribes and to degenerate into corruption and decadence. Four, 

we shall check the unhealthy bureaucratic trend of showing no concern for the 
hardships of the people, no sense of responsibility toward one's work, of 
committing dereliction of duties and malfeasance in office. According to the 


disposition of the Central Discipline Inspection Commission, after concentrat- 
ing in the first half of this year principally on cleaning up and rectifying 
unhealthy trends involving the building and allotment of housing in implemen- 
tation of the “Open Letter” of the Central Discipline Inspection Commission, 
work in the second half of the year shall concentrate primarily on dealing with 
improprieties committed by certain party cadres during the reforms and the ar- 
bitrary raising of prices and apportioning of expenses that jeopardize the 
development of the national economy, as well as on the unhealthy trend of using 
public funds and property to entertain guests and present gifts, give extrava- 
gant feasts, spend lavishly and squander money. In our struggle against these 
unhealthy trends, our attitude must be firm and our measures must be effective. 
We are determined to enforce party discipiine and uphold the principle of every 
person being equal before the requirements of party discipline. We shall 
resolutely oppose any tolerance, overleniency, connivance and coverups. 

To continue our struggle of thorough attacks against the serious criminal 
activities in the economic field. Attacking the serious criminal activities 

in the economic field is a strategic task of long duration. It is an important 
guarantee for our staying on the socialist path and pursuing the socialist 
modernization projects. The party committees at all levels must sum up their 
struggle experiences and continue to strengthen their leadership in this sector 
of the struggle. The party committees at all levels must actively work in 
cooperation with the departments concerned to increase their strength, to adopt 
effective measures, to firmly grasp the focal points of the struggle, to 
vigorously seize on the weak links, to eliminate all disturbing and obstructing 
forces and, relying on the support of the masses, pursue this struggle unswerv- 
ingly to the very end. In the course of the struggle, we must have a correct 
grasp of the policies of the party, draw clear lines of distinction for faults 
in work, unhealthy practices, prosperity resulting from work and enlivening 

the economy as against illegal crimes. We must ensure correct implementation of 
the policies of opening up our country to the outside world and, domestically, 
of enlivening the economy to promote the prosperity of the economy and further 
development of production. Every case must be handled in accordance with the 
policies of the party to help stimulate the positive factors and help educate 
and rally cadres who have strayed and criminal elements that had worked for 
isolating, splitting and disintegrating our society. We shall oniy be able to 
further intensify the struggle and pursue it to the end if we adopt effective 
measures and check into all cases lot by lot. We shall closely combine our 
striking our against economic crimes with education against corrosion. We shall 
employ a variety of forms and use positive and negative examples in directing 

a vivid and concentrated education toward the large number of our party members 
and cadres to counter any corrosion by capitalist ideologies, to firmly uphold 
the purity of communism and resist degeneration. 

To raise one step further the fighting strength of the discipline inspection 
contingent. The report of the 12th CPC Congress and the new party constitution 
heightened the demands for our discipline inspection organs at all levels and 
all cadres of this organization must continuously strengthen their own buildup, 
conscientiously fulfill their official responsibilities and raise discipline 
inspection work to a new and higher level. Wherever there is a need for a 
discipline inspection organization and none has so far been established, such 


an organization must be established as soon as possible. Certain cadres must 
be selected to supplement and strengthen the discipline inspection contingent 
who have a strong party sense, show good style of work, firmly uphold our 
principles and have courage for struggle. We must continuously improve the 
style of work of the leadership and their methods of work, deeply penetrate 
into the realities, investigate and study, uphold the principle of seeking 
truth from facts, overcome the bureaucratic style of work, display a spirit of 
hightened responsibility toward the party and the people, conduct all affairs 
strictly according to the party constitution and the “Standards,” be upright 
and never stoop to flattery, work in perfect selflessness, never swayed by 
personal considerations, dare to struggle, correctly exercise the powers of 
our offices, continuously raise work efficiency, strive hard to realize as 
quickly as possible the radical turn for the better in our party's style of 
work and initiate a new phase in discipline inspection work. 

CSO: 4005/1172 



HK240347 Nanning Guangxi Regional Service in Mandarin 1130 GMT 21 Aug 83 
[Monitored in progress] 

[Text] ...The announced plan of regional structural reform has been agreed 
upon in principle. According to the plan, the regional CPC committee will 
establish 8 work departments and the regional people's government will estab- 
lish 39 work departments. The authorized establishment of the party, state, 
and mass organs at regional level in the autonomous region is 4,500 people, 
excluding the public security organs, procuratorial organ, courts, and 
judicial organs. The authorized establishment of the regional advisory 
committee, discipline inspection committee, regional people's congress 
standing committee, regional CPPCC, democratic parties, popular organizations, 
and CPC committees of organs are included in the overall establishment of 

the party, state, and mass organizations at regional level in accordance 

with the party and state constitutions, and relevant regulations. 

In the structural reform, the regional CPC committee will establish the 
following 8 departments: general office, organization department, propaganda 
department, united front department, political and legal committee, policy 
research office, rural policy research office, and veteran cadres bureau. 

The regional people's government will establish the following 39 work depart- 
ments: planning committee; economic committee, carrying on the capacity 

of the national defense science and technology industry office and the staff 
and workers education committee; urban and rural construction committee, 
carrying on the capacity of the people's air defense office; science and 
technology committee; foreign economic relations and trade department; 
nationality affairs committee; family planning committee; physical culture 
and sports committee; overseas Chinese affairs office; foreign affairs 
office; general office; public security department; judicial department; 
civil affairs department; communications department; machine building 
industry department; light industry department; metallurgical industry 
department; coal industry department; petrochemical industry department; 
textile industry department; agricultural, animal husbandry and fisheries 
department; agricultural department; water conservancy and electric power 
department; finance department; commerce department; education department; 
public health department; culture department; radio and television depart- 
ment; auditing bureau; labor and personnel bureau, carryingon the capacity 
of the establishment committee; commodity price bureau; statistics bureau; 
material supply bureau; food bureau; construction materials industry bureau; 
administrative bureau of industry and commerce; and tourism bureau. 

CSO: 4005/43 



Beijing RENKOU YANJIU [POPULATION RESEARCH] in Chinese No 4, 29 Jul 83 pp 46-48 

[Articly be Liu Xun [0491 6064], Birth Control Office, Yuyang County, Sichuan 
Province: “Fundamental State Policy Points Out the New Way, Let Us Keep Our 
Contraception and Sterilization Work Going™] 

{Text} The more than 610,000 people of Yuyang County are scattered more than 
5,000 sq km of a vast mountainous region; the countryside population makes up 

96 percent, and minority nationalities, such as the Tujia and Miao, make up 

59.1 percent. On the question of procreation, some people think the minority 
nationalities are peculiar; their thinking about having only one child per 
family cannot seem to be turned around at all. When Yuyang County began to 
foster birth control energetically in 1975, some people said: "We have never 
heard that even the matter of having children is subject to government control.” 
When the focus of the county's work was shifted to each couple having only one 
child in 1979, some people said that this was “too Leftist.” From practice, the 
group of personnel under the Yuyang Party Committee profoundly realized that 
fostering birth control must be strongly to the point, and they summed up 

their experience in these phrases: "The greater the noise, the smaller the 
obstacles; the more careful the work, the better the results.” 

During the 8 years since Yuyang County started its birth control operations, 
110,000 fewer persons have been born; the benefits are numerous. But during 
the past 2 years its population increase has been almost beyond control. The 
rate of this population increase has gone back from the 1.75 per thousand of 
1978 to 16.72 per thousand in 1982. The rate of single birth has been low while 
that of multiple births has been high; thus, the county has been compelled to 
adopt economic, administrative and disciplinary measures of remedy. However, 
laws could not control the masses; even adding more obstacles made people feel 
that the difficulty of espousing birth control in the vast mountainous region 
was like rowing a boat upstream. Ordinarily, the forces pulling from above 
and below, right and left, are not negligible; throughout the year, all-out 
efforts must still be made to add a few extraordinary measures and deploy some 
remedial arrangements. Last year, the county applied the practices of induced 
miscarriages and abortions in 9,758 cases, which made up 1.5 percent of our 
total population; but this still failed to reverse the passive situation in 
which our birth control work found itself. Wherein did the problem lie? The 
group of people under the county party committee generally felt that there was 
no measure which could exercise an effective control over how many births a 


couple of childbearing age could have. Of the county's 68,322 couples of 
childbearing age, those who had already given birth to one child but still 

had not resorted to contraceptive devices numbered 9,333, or 10.6 percent of 
the total; those who had given birth to two or more children but still had 

not implemented any sterilization measure numbered 32,687, or 37 percent of 

the total. Although these women of childbearing age have thus far resorted 

to IUD's (interuterine devices), once our birth control work was relaxed even 

a little, excessive births resulted either because the device was removed or 
was implanted after conception. Since 1980, there have been more than 10,000 
childbearing women in the county who iave stealthily removed their IUD’s. Once 
excessive births occurred, we were {forced to collect fines 
retroactively, but the illegal “hook-wielders” who helped remove the contra- 
ceptive device were too numerous to be subjected to our crackdown; the more 
our cadres tried to do the work, the more softhearted they became, and the more 
the masses aired their complaints. 

In response to the above situation, the Yuyang County Party Committee seized 
the fine opportunity of the propaganda month being instituted across the country 
early this year to explore a new stage in our birth control work and thereby 
successively accomplished five above~-90 percent operations (namely, above-90 
percent of couples who had already given birth to two children being prompted 
to adopt the sterilization measure; above-90 percent of women who have con- 
ceived being subjected to the practices of induced miscarriages and abortions; 
above-90 percent of wives who had already given birth to one child being 
prompted to adopt the contraceptive device; above-99 percent of couples who 
had limited themselves to giving birth to one child coming forward to register 
and get their certificate; and above-90 percent people of marrying age and 
couples of childbearing age being persuaded to marry late and have their first 
child late). When the propaganda month came to a close in the public institu- 
tions and cities and towns, the countryside communes and production brigades 
undertook to realize it throughout the year. In order to accomplish the above 
tasx, the county party committee convened 27-30 December 1982 a meeting of the 
leading persons of various districts and communes and the princip.l responsible 
persons of various departments and bureaus to make concrete deployments. In 
terms of guiding ideology, efforts were made to stress two things: emphasis 

on propaganda, and emphasis on sterilization. In terms of approaches in work, 
efforts were madd to grasp two leaderships; the public institutions’ leadership 
over the countryside, and cadres’ leadership over the masses. In terms of 
measures to be adopted by organizations, efforts were made to grasp two con- 
tingents: the propaganda contingent, and the operation contingent. In the 
meantime, leaders at various levels were required to handle their propaganda 
month well with initiative and enthusiasm, and it was made clear to them that 
this propaganda month embodies three points of departure: the new point of 
departure for creating a new situation; the new point of departure for reversing 
the situation of passivity; and the new point of departure for striving for a 
turn for the better throughout the year. Through this propaganda month, the 
masses must achieve three items of knowledge: knowledge about the strategic 
meaning of birth control; knowledge about the practice of birth control being 

a fundamental policy of our state; and knowledge about the benefits of sterili- 
zation. This way, they may heighten their consciousness and thereby implement 
the measures. 


when the propaganda month began in January, some people thought that "the 

propaganda begun in January is but a whiff of wind, which will taper off after 

the spring festival"; but others also said that “contraception plus steriliza- 
ion ls only Yuyang's local policy"; that the county party committee determined 

ill necessary momentum and making the reasoning clear. On 3 January 1983, the 
unty government convened a propaganda month broadcasting and mobilizing 
raliy attended by 100,000 people; the county governor and responsible persons 
of the people's militia units, women's federation, CYL committee, and the 
public health bureau all gave speeches at the rally. Immediately thereafter, 
60 cadres were transferred from organs at the county level, among them /]3 were 
bureau chiefs; they were organized into eight propaganda teams and assigned 
eight propaganda vehicles to go to the districts. Some members of the pi 
ganda teams went there on foot despite a heavy snow. The districts and co: 
munes themselves also organized 7 propaganda vehicles, 102 propaganda teams, 
and 3,710 members under those teams to go deep down to the countryside. The 
production brigades and production teams further organized 10,680 propaganda 
)re cadres to carry out the propaganda door to door. The county as a whole 
at the same time transferred 260 medical personnel and organized them into 64 
birth control operation teams to carry out rotational work in 13 districts 
(towns) and 78 communes’ on sterilization for males, sterilization for females, 
induced miscarriages, abortions, contraception, and the like. Comrade Yang 
wanchun [2799 5502 2504], deputy director of the county women's and children's 
nealth station, led the operation teams and walked to the countryside, where 
more than 1,000 cases of such rotaticnal operations were carried out. Comrade 
anzu [7559 1819 4371], deputy chief of the surgical department of the 
county hospital, carried out the high-frequency electronic-freeze sterilization 
»peration in cities and the countryside regardless of his fatigue; he was 
welcomed by the masses. 


va ta 

During the propaganda month activities, principal leading comrades at all 
levels in the county personally wrote 361 speeches; they went to the streets 
and reached all corners of the countryside to carry out propaganda, and at the 
same time they also rendered assistance to people at the basic level so that 
they could launch their own propaganda month activities well. The county, 
iistricts, communes, production brigades and production teams convened 53,928 
varioue speaking gatherings; those subjected to their education numbered 362,833, 
which made up 95 percent of the county's total population. They printed 19,800 
posters on the “fundamental state policy, issued 16,400 items of propaganda 
materials, wrote 69,677 big and small handbills, and held various special 
newspap  r forums 219 times. Every issue of YUYANG BAO carried news on the 
propaganda month activities; the county, the districts and communes broadcast 
propaganda 8,463 times, of which 4 were special lectures: Why the Practice 

of Birth Control Constitutes a Fundamental State Policy? Why Should We Adopt 
Contraception After One Birth, and Sterilization After Two Births? Why Should 
We Practice Late Marriage and Late Childrearing? and How Can We Create a New 
Situation in Our Birth Control Work in Yuyang County? 

During the propaganda month, all levels in the county contacted one another 
and actually thoroughly worked out accounts in three areas, our population, 


yur land and our foodgrain; we first worked these accounts during the liberation 
period; then we worked out our accounts for today; and finally we worked out our 
accounts toward the end of this century. The population increase in Yuyang 
County has not been in proportion to our economic and social development. The 
county's population has increased from 402,874 in 1949 to 616,938 in 1982, with 
a net increased of 214,064 and an average rate of automatic yearly increase of 
1.4 percent. When first liberated, the county's total arable land measured 
988,000 mu, at an average per capita acreage of 2.45 mu. In 1982, this total 
decreased to 863,28/ mu, and the average per capita acreage to 1.4 mu. In 

1949, the county's overall foodgrain output was 158.24 million catties, at an 
average per capita allocation of 393 catties; in 1982, this overall output was 
404.41 million catties, with an increase of 155.6 percent over that of 1949; 

but the average per capita foodgrain allocation increased by only 66.6 percent. 
According to the 1982 population survey, the county's middle-aged persons num- 
bered 238,000, making up 39.3 percent; its youths and children numbered 326,000, 
making up 53.4 percent, of whom those under 20 years of age numbered 357,010 
(sic). This implies that, beginning this year and within the next 11 years, 
there will be 8,000 couples of unmarried male and female youths entering the 
marrying and childbearing age each year. If each married couple gives birth 

to only one child, there will be a yearly increase of 4,000, which by the end 

of this century will reach 680,000. If each couple gives birth to two children, 
the yearly increase will be 12,000, and by the end of this century the total 
will reach 820,000. If Yuyang County is to reach the well-to-do level by the 
end of this century, we must realize the quadrupling of cur overall output value 
to reach 466 million yuan and control our population with 700,000. Even if 
these goals are realized, the average per capita income will be still only 66/7 
yuan, which is 1,666 yuan less than the national average, and 916 yuan less 

than the provincial average, and also 185 yuan less than the regional average. 
Through such calculations, the vast ranks of the masses began to really under- 
stand what a NCNA commentator recently pointed out: On the questions of popu- . 
lation, arable land and foodgrains, we are in the same situation as when we 
reached the shore of the Dadu River during the Long March of the Red Army; at 
that time we had but one outlet, and that was to cross the Dadu River and open 
up a new world. Today, we also have but one outlet, and that is to carry out 
birth control. Therefore, the vast ranks of our cadres and masses must estab- 
lish firmly the concept of “population balance” and thereby consciously carry 
out the practice of late marriage and late childrearing and giving birth to 

only one child. 

Is “contraception after one birth and sterilization after two births Yuyang's 
indigenous policy," then? Comrade Qian Zhongxin [6929 1813 0207], chairman of 
the state birth control commission, proposed at the telephone conference 

during the nationwide birth control propaganda month: "In the case of women of 
childbearing age who have already given birth to one child, they must do their 
best to adopt the contraceptive device; in the case of women of childbearing 
age who have already given birth to two children, they must do their best to 
mobilize either the husband or the wife to go through one of the sterilization 
operations." This contraception after one birth and sterilization after two 
births approach constitutes a new avenue for effective control of the popula- 
tion increase of this mountainous Yuyang County, where minority nationalities 
live in « compact community; it is of considerable realistic significance. The 
benefits from this approach number at least five: First, only sterilization 


can prevent multiple births; second, sterilization can reduce remedial measures 
ind be of benefit to the protection of women’s physical health; third, sterili- 
zation can reduce the economic burdens of the state, the collectives, and in- 
dividuals; fourth, the sterilization operation is very simple in procedure, does 
not cause great pain, and is the most reliable, safest and most effective 
conception-avoiding measure; and fifth, after sterilization, births will be 
reduced, remedies will be reduced and punishments will also be reduced, so the 
sense of confrontation can also be reduced. The relationship between the cadres 
and the masses will also become closer. For instance, the Mawang District has 
done its best to propagate the five benefits of sterilization and the scientific 
knowledge about sterilization and succeeded in eliminating the "four fears" 
toward sterilization by the objects of the operation who should resort to it 
(fear of pain, fear of inability to work, fear of impact on husband-wife rela- 
tionship, and fear that after one goes through it, others will no longer be 

to do it in the future); this helped the district to effect more than 
2,000 cases of sterilization. 


when the propaganda month first began in Yuyang County, a few of the masses 
heard that sterilization was to be administered at selected points; they then 
said: "Whether or not it should be done, the cadres know best; so long as the 
cadres go through it, we masses cannot escape the fate either." Cadres in the 
public agencies also said: "The key area for birth control is the countryside; 
our agencies need not follow suit." From practice, the Yuyang County Party 
Committee realized that, in carrying out birth control, the public agencies are 

really the key area, whereas the countryside is a selected area. This propa 
ganda month must be launched fas@ and deep, and there must be a new method of 
handling it; it is necessary to dee the public agencies taking up the leadership 
ver the countryside, and the cadres taking up the leadership over the masses. 
Things can no longer be done as in the past, when the operation was performed 

in whoever was caught, resulting in the erroneous impression that "it is the 
honest who get caught.” Only when systems and segments follow suit, level 
after level, can ihe flowing of propaganda lead to eventual fruition. The 
county party committee convened in time an urgent mobilization rally of all 
party members in organs at the county level and leading cadres of various de- 
partments as well as all working personnel in organs under the direct juris- 
diction of the two commissions and the two administrations. Emphasis w. 

placed on the necessity of maintaining consistency with the party Cen’ 
Committee, and the determination to implement the fundamental state policy. 
Efforts were made to reason with the participants rationally and move them 
emotionally so as to summon their patriotic enthusiasm to enable them to work 
for the implementation of our birth control policy. They were asked to take 
the lead in three instances during the propaganda month (take the lead in 
study, take the lead in propaganda, and take the lead in carrying out birth 
control measures), to offer four pledges (pledge for oneself, pledge for one's 
family members, pledge fcr relatives and friends, and pledge for one's own 
unit), and to assure five implementations (implementation of sterilization, 
implementation of remedies, implementation of contraception, implementation of 
registration and taking out of certificates, and implementation of late marriage 
and late childrearing). Among the organs at the county level there were 128 
units with objects of sterilization who should resort to it; of these, 58 units 
nave more than 90 percent of their members who have already gone through steril- 
ization, making up 45.3 percent of all those which should resort to it. There 


were 1,047 objects of sterilization at the county level who should resort to it; 
of these 933 have already gone through sterilization, making up 89.1 percent of 
the total, and among these there were 27 county governor and deputy governor 

and leading cadres of departments and bureaus who should have resorted to it, 

of them 20 had already gone through sterilization, making up 74 percent of the 
total, while among those 7 who have not yet done so, 4 abstained because of 
illness, and 3 because of the call of duty elsewhere. There were 135 managers 
and section chiefs and center directors who should have resorted to steriliza- 
tion; of them 106 had already gone through it, making up 78 percent. There 
were 12 engineers, farm technicians, agricultural economists, husbandry special- 
ists, veterinarians, residential doctors, accountants, statisticians, lecturers 
and lawyers at the county level who should have resorted to sterilization; of 
them 7 had already done so, 3 went on duty elsewhere, 2 have been given approval 
by their leadership to do it later. There were 353 units among agencies at the 
district and commune level with objects of sterilization who should have resorted 
to it; units with over 90 percent of members having done it number 186, making 
up 52./ percent of these who should resort to it. There were 1,860 staff mem- 
bers and workers at the district and commune agencies who should have resorted 
to sterilization; of them 1,451 had already gone through it, making up 78 percent 
of the total, and, among these, cadres at the district level who should have 
resorted to sterlization numbered 86 and of them 70 had already gone through 

it, making up 81.4 percent; cadres at the commune level who should have resorted 
to sterilization numbered 189 and of them 164 had already gone through it, 
making up 86.8 percent. Under the leadership of cadres at the county, district 
and commune level, there appeared in the moving situation of the people of 
various nationalities vying with one another in going through the sterilization 
operation many delightful scenes wherein the father would admonish the son, 

the mother-in-law would admonish the daughter-in-law, relatives would admonish 
relatives, triends would admonish friends, and husbands and wives would strive 
to be the first to go through the sterilization operation. There were 453 

cases of such sterilization operations in Ganxi Commune, which made up 98.6 
percent of all those who should have resorted to it, and 1,03 [sic] cases in 
Mawang Commune, which made up 92.6 percent of all those who should resort to 

it. Of the 116 staff and workers stationed at the Yuyang County Middle School 
No | in Longtan, all 50 who should have resorted to it had gone through the 

During this propaganda month, Yuyang absorbed the past individual lesson of 
“offending people in every individual unit, then trying to placate people in 
every system, thus what the superior level wished to put into effect, those 
below would bypass as a way of granting favor to others," and hence proceeded 
to grasp seriously the implementation of measures by the various systems and 
departments themselves as well as their subordinate units. The culture and 
education bureau also especially convened a telephone conference of responsible 
persons of cultural units under the jurisdiction of the county and cultural and 
educational assistants of various districts, principals of the central schools 
of the districts, and party branch secretaries and principals of middle schools 
to stress the five concrete measures and to promote timely sterilization opera- 
tions. The county's finance and trade department also convened a telephone con- 
ference of the county's finance and trade system to require the finance and 
trade units to make sure to accomplish the five above-90 percent operations. 
Since that telephone conference, the finance and trade system has already ac- 
complished 96.4 percent of its tasks. 

9255 78 
CSO: 4005/1153 


HKO70537 Shijiazhuang HEBEI RIBAO in Chinese 27 Sep 83 pp 1, 3 

["Excerpts" of speech by Gao Zhanxiang [7559 0594 4382], secretary of pro- 
vincial CPC committee and chairman of the provincial five stresses, four 
beauties, and three loves committee, at 26 September provincial CYL meeting 
on patriotic education: "Turn Patriotic Feeling Into Patriotic Efforts, 
Constantly Lead the In-Depth Education in Patriotism] 

[Text] Dear Comrades: 

This meeting on exchanging experience in patriotic education, which is 
organized by the provincial CYL committee, is being held at the right time, 
when it is much desired. Through this meeting, the provincial CYL committee 
will surely play an active and promotive role in leading the in-depth 
development of publicity of and educationin patriotism in the province. 

Over the previous period, the province has made great achievements in 
patriotic education. We may say that we have made a good start. The pro- 
vincial party organization at all levels have strengthened their leadership 
in a practical way over the patriotic activities. Furthermore, the CYL 
organizations at all levels actively participate in the movement, with 
cooperation and responsible actions from the departments concerned. They 
have dramatically carried out the patriotic education activities throughout 
the province, particularly among the broad youth. The activities are great 
in strength and impetus, are being carried out in a wide scope in nunerous 
forms, and have achieved good results. Through the publicity and education 
over the previous period, the broad masses, particularly the youth, have 
further promoted their affection for the party and the socialist motherland. 
In ‘he system of ideological and political educationin patriotism, collec- 
tivism, socialism, and communism, patriotism has been manifesting its char- 
acteristics and special role in the education system as an important content. 

However, if our patriotic education only remains at the level of expressing 
our affection for the motherland and for Hebei Province, it is obviously 
insufficient, though commendable. If we fail promptly to lead the in-depth 
patriotic education, our patriotic education will probably end poorly and 
with little achievement. Therefore, the present issue, which is worth con- 
scientious studying and solving by the party at all levels, the CYL 


organizations, and the departments concerned, particularly the comrades who 
are responsible for publicityand united front work, is to lead the in-depth 
patriotic education by making the best use of the situation. 

In what way should we lead the in-depth patriotic education? The answer 

is that we must integrate the educationin patriotic ideology with the prac- 
tical activities of vigorously developing Hebei Province, and turn our 
patriotic feeling into patriotic efforts. This is the key link in whether 
or not we are able to lead the in-depth patriotic education. The patriotism 
we are talking about is an important content in the system of communist 
ideology as well as in the practical activities of loving the motherland. 

We must promptly turn the patriotic feeling of the masses, particularly of 
the youth, whichis radiated in the patriotic activities, into a materia] 
strength of “loving the motherland, constructing the hometown," and the 
practical move of vigorously developing China and Hebei Province. By acting 
this way, our patriotic education will become lively and practical, and 
achieve remarkable success. For this reason, I am going to talk about my 
opinions as follow: 

First, in Order to Turn Patriotic Feeling into Patriotic Efforts, We Must 
Advocate the Study Atmosphere 

Patriotic education not only has to stimulate affection for the country but 
also has to stimulate the people to develop their abilities for building 

the country. Basically speaking, there will hardly be any long-lasting 
patriotic fervor without the mass fervor of study. Therefore, we have to 
advocate the study atmosphere and unfold a vigorous mass campaign for study. 
We have to mobilize thousands upon thousands of youths actively to partici- 
pate in various forms of study. The education department, mass organizations, 
such as trade unions, CYL, women's federations, all trades and professions, 
as well as all departments concerned must open all avenues for study. The 
provincial CPC committee and the provincial government must rely on the 
strength of various sectors in society, and run schools using the multilevel 
and multichannel method and with various standards and forms. This is a 
strategic measure as well as a good method using limited investment but 
obtaining quick achievements in speeding up the development of education 

in the province. They must rely on the strength of various sectors in 
society, run more and better various types of schools at all levels, such 

as TV colleges, correspondence colleges, correspondence courses, and evening 
colleges. They must adopt effective measures to encourage the youth to head 
in the direction of developing their abilities through independent study. 
They must establish as soon as possible a provincial guiding committee on 
college entrance examination for independent study students, an industrial 
and agricultural education committee, and a fund committee for students wio 
develop their abilities through independent study. The provincial CYL 
committee have to hold, in the fourth quarter of this year, a conference 

on exchanging experience in developing abilities through independent study, 
$0 aS to promote the extensive development of the study campaign. This work 
must be grasped firmly. Once it is done, we shall have grasped the hearts 
of the youth; after that, we shall have grasped the hearts of the parents; 


and after that, we shall have grasped the core of cultivating qualified 
personnel. Through the study activities, more heroic children who are loyal 
to the motherland as well as possessing abilities to build the country will 

Second, in Order to Turn Patriotic Feeling into Patriotic Efforts, We Must 
Guide and Educate the Youth to Make Remarkable Achievements in Their Duties 

Patriotiom is very practical. Only when a person closely integrates his 

study, labor, and work with the destiny of the state and the future of the 
nation can he be regarded as a real patriot. The patriotic ideology of a 
person is judged by his patriotic acts. Each youth should treat his specific 

duty as the front on which to dedicate himself to the service of the country, 
und treat his down-to-earth style of work and labor as his act of dedicating 
himself to the service of the country. 

In order to guide the youth to turn their patriotic feeling into patriotic 
efforts in their duties, we must grasp well and resolutely the shock workers' 
activity of the new long march. At present, the "five petty wisdom cup emula- 
tion” and the “five top crackerjacks competition" which are being carried 

out on the youth front are specific examples of the shock workers’ activity 

of the new long march. We must practical achievements in the work. We must 
realize that each successful minor invention adds glory to Hebei Province, 

and that cach crackerjack is a pioneer of loving Hebei Province and of 
building the hometown. We must mobilize the youth actively to throw them- 
selves into the key construction projects of the state in our province. 

The broad cadres must work hard in government affairs, fulfill their duties, 
and do their best in their own jobs in a death-defying spirit. Only by acting 
in this way can they lead the broad youth to strive to build the beautiful 
hometown, the civilized city, and the prosperous and powerful state. 

Third, in Order to Turn Patriotic Feeling into Patriotic Efforts, We Must 
Lead the Youth to do Some Actual Works Which are Favorable to the State and 
the Peop ] e 

the patriotic education activities, we must integrate the practice of 
patriotic education with the organization of patriotic activities. The CYL 
organizations must lead the youth to participate in some influential activi- 
ties in society and do some actual works which satisfy the CPC committees, 
are appreciated by the masses, and are welcomed by the youth, so as to add 
glory to the motherland. This is the most vivid and the most practical 
patriotic education in teaching the youth. 

What kind of actual work will be favored by the state and the people? The 
answer lies, proceeding from the view of the province, in whether or not 
we grasp well the following four things: The first is study, the second 
is afforestation, the third is "contracted households," and the fourth is 
highway building. 


When we stress study, we mean publicizing the slogans of studying in a big 
way and creating a dense study atmosphere. We must achieve something in 
the next year. If you encounter any trouble, the provincial CPC committee 
and the provincial government will give you support and try their best to 
help you solve practical problems. 

When we stress afforestation, we mean mobilizing the youth to plant trees 
and tlowers, to beautify cities, and to make the hometown green. I[n order 
to take concerted action for the patriotic mobilie red banner emulation 
drive in public health work in 12 cities in the province, the provincial 
CYL committee and the urban and rural construction and environmental protec- 
tion offices in the province, cities, and rural areas have jointly to organize 
emulation activities for young red-banner pacesetters aiming at afforestation 
in |Z cities starting from next year. They should mobilize the youth to 

lect tree seeds, cultivate young plants, trim flower beds, and plant trees. 
The province and cities should choose, through public appraisal, the young 
red-banner pacesetters and shock brigades in the work of beautifying cities. 
Once we have constantly grasped the work for 5 or 10 years, the youth will 
be able to beautify the 12 cities with their own hands. This is to add 
yiory to the motherland and Hebei Province, and to benefit the people. 

dhen we stress “contracted households," we mean continuously mobilizing the 
youth to carry out the "contracted households" activities for serving the 
"five guarantees households" in the urban and rural areas. Furthermore, 

we must gradually form a coordinated process of enthusiastic services so 

as to bring warmth to thousands upon thousands of households. Once this 
work is done well, there will be more people who ardently love our great 
socialist motherland. 

When we stress highway building, we mean mobilizing the youth to build and 
maintain roads and bridges, and to bring benefit to the people. No matter 
whether in urban or rural areas, the work of building and maintaining roads 
and bridges has always been a matter of keen interest to the masses. 
"Carrying a spade on my shoulder, I go to build roads and bring benefit to 
the masses." Since there are 2.2 million youth in our province, it will 

be a remarkable achievement if they can build thousands of roads in the next 

Once we have done these things well, we shall actually have done the solid 
and in-depth work of patriotic education. If all trades and professions 
act in this way, we shall achieve more success in the patriotic education 
in the province, and shall create a new situation in the work of patriotic 

Fourth, in Order to Turn Patriotic Feeling into Patriotic Efforts, We Must 
Advocate the New General Mood of Scciety of the "Five Stresses and Four 

In order to advocate in a big way the new general mood of the "five stresses 
and four beauties," we have constantly to carry out decorum and courtesy 


vr ' 

lucation, establish, on a full scale, healthy tendencies in society, and 

heck malpractices and unhealthy tendencies among the people, particularly 
among the youth. This is an important aspect of moulding people's patriotic 
sentiment. After we have carried out well the spiritual construction of 

the state and carried forward the general mood of the "five stresses and 

four beauties," we shall be able to make the people feel the civilization 

and the greatness of the motherland, to enhance their sense of national pride, 

and to deepen the patriotic feeling of the people. 

When we advocate in a big way the new general mood of the "five stresses 

and four beauties," we must also link it with the present patriotic public 
health movement which is being carried out. We must carry out education 

in safeguarding social ethics ona grand scale among the youth in the province, 
lead them to cultivate the habit of paying attention to hygiene, and lead 

them to strive to accomplish the "three don'ts," that is, don't spit, don't 
litter, and don't damage any plant or flower. At the same time, we must 

also mobilize the masses and the youth to struggle against all kinds of mal- 
practices and unhealthy tendencies, and work hard for achieving a fundamental 
change for the better in the general mood of society in our province! 

Fifth, in Order to Turn Patriotic Feeling into Patriotic Efforts, We Must 
Actively Carry Out Socialist Cultural Activities 

A remarkable characteristic of the patriotic education which was carried 

out over the past period was that we carried out education by fully utilizing 
the artistic and literary forms as well as the front of cultural activities. 
This characteristic suits the character of the youth. Therefore, the youth 
took delight in joining in and easily accepted this patriotic propaganda 
education. In consequence, we made good achievements in the work of patriotic 

The CPC Central Committee has recently approved and conveyed a document 
entitled "Some Suggestions Concerning the Strengthening of Cultural Work 

in Cities, Among Miners and the Masses" from four departments, including 

the Central Propaganda Department and the CYL Central Committee. This is 

i very important document and we must conscientiously carry it out. The 
entral Committee pointed out: We must carry out education while conducting 
recreational activities. We must conduct all kinds of cultural activities 
for the masses in a vivid way. We must try our best to exert imperceptible 
influence on them by means of images, and through literature and art, so 

as to achieve our goal of educating them in the patriotic ideology of patri- 
otiem, collectivism, and communism. Facts have proved that when we fully 
utilize the front of cultural activities, and carry out various kinds of 
cultural activities based on patriotism, we can stimulate the patriotic 
feeling of the masses, particularly the youth. Then, we can stimulate them 
to resist the corrosive influence of various decadent and reactionary things. 
I hope that all departments and all units will continue to provide a front 
for the youth on which to carry out cultural activities. The CYL should 
voluntarily take concerted action with the parties concerned, and grasp 
firmly the building of the front for the youth to carry out cultural 


activities. The broad rural CYL organizations should mobilize the youth 

to accomplish the work with their own hands, and strive to establish the youth 
centre in most of the production brigades in 2 to 3 years' time. The CYL 
must strive to become the pioneer in occupying the front for the youth to 
carry out their leisure activities by means of socialist culture, and must 
cultivate a lofty patriotic sentiment and communist moral character among 

the youth by means of symbolic arts. 

Educating the youth in patriotism is a work of profound significance. It 

is also a capital construction of cultivating new people as well as a long- 
term strategic task of the CYL. Therefore, we must carry on the work year 
after year. The CYL must infiltrate patriotism into every post of the organi- 
zation, let it play an active role, and vigorously carry out the in-depth 
patriotic educationin the province so as to stimulate the people to bestir 
themselves, and to vigorously develop Hebei Province! 

CSO: 4005/42 



Beijing BEIJING RIBAO in Chinese 26 Aug 83 p 3 

{Article by Sheng Yimo [4141 0001 7417]: "Serious Criminal Offenders Are an 
Important Manifestation of Class Struggle in Chinese Soctety”] 

[Text] Since the Third Plenum of the llth Party Central Committee, in order 
to realize a fundamental improvement in the situation of society's public 
order, the Party and the nation's political and legal public security organs 
and the broad masses of the people have put forth a great effort and compre- 
hensively harnessed public order in society, punished a group of serious 
criminal offenders according to the law, and guaranteed the smooth carrying 
out of the four modernizations and the safety of the people's property. We 
must clearly realize, however, that the situation of public order in China 
is still a long way from fundamentally taking a turn for the better. A few 
people are engaging insuch illegal activities as murder, arson, bombings, 
rape and robbery, and they are swollen with arrogance. Out of all the broad 
masses of the people there is none who do not gnash their teeth in hatred at 
this, and strongly demand that the political and legal public safety organs 
crack down on the structive activities of criminal offenders. 

At present, sericus criminal offenders are so arrogant mainly because in our 
work we have not seriously enforced the law or forcefully cracked down. Perhaps 
some comrades ask: why don't we forcefully crack down? A study of the reasons 
shows that there are comrades for whom, within certain limits in our society, 
an insufficient estimate of class struggle still exists; they are unclear about 
this problem, to the point where they have a mistaken view. Those comrades 
with one type of view think that criminal offenders who commit crimes mainly 
come under the category of contradictions within the people, and not under the 
contradiction between ourselves and the enemy. Those comrades with another 
view feel that criminal offenders are a social phenomenon, and that capitalist 
nations also have them. Most people are not clear concerning why the serious 
criminal offender within our country are an important manifestation of class 

What we mean by serious criminal offenses are not all identical crimes and 
criminal offenses. For instance, there are light intentional or unintential 
crimes, and there is also that type of criminal activity that savagely destroys 
socialist construction or harms the people. Criminals engaging in this type 


of criminal activity include those who work in collusion and gangs of hoodlums 
who commit crimes concurrently; murderers, arsonists, those who make explo- 
sions, drug pushers and rapists; those who do evil, bully and oppress the 
people, “spread tyranny left and right"; criminals who gang up and beat, 
provoke trouble, assault and murder, and humiliate women; dealers who ridnap 
women and children; the head and chief culprits who manufacture, peddle 

and organize the spread of obscene goods; criminals who illegally manufacture, 
deal, transport or seize and steal firearms, ammunition and explosives; those 
who write counterrevolutionary posters and leaflets, and other active counter- 
revolutionaries. These are all hostile elements which are detested and hated 
by the people. 

Although the specific means and facts of the crimes of these serious criminal 
otfender are similar, they are opposed to our socialist society and opposed 

to the broad masses of the people, and they jointly rape women, murder, conmit 
arson, set off explosions and take other cruel measures, and they ruthlessly 
harm socialist construction. In many areas during the day some criminals breax 
into residences and rape women; some brazenly kidnap and rape young women, 
even to the point that after raping them they murder them; some commit unbridled 
murder, and some break into, enter and rob and murder a victim; some carry out 
huge robberies; some harm drivers and steal their vehicles; some deal drugs, 
commit arson, set off explosions, steal arms and ammunition, etc. They run 
amuck and are overbearing, and they have no scruples. As far as they see it, 
they are the masters and the masses are all slaves. They must ride roughshod 
over the people, and the state and the people must be ordered about by them. 
[f they see someone who is offensive to the eye, or if someone dares to argue 
with them, they will use a knife and stab that person to death. In the city 
they bully and tryannize, buy and sell by force, and curse at and beat up 
customers. What difference is there between them and the local tyrants and 
ruftians of our old society? If this continues to develop, how will people 
then be in the mood to study and work! The actions of these few criminals 

are clearly a spearhead directed at the broad masses of people and directed 

at socialist society, and they carry out frenzied destruction. 

Comrade Mao Zedong pointed out: "In this present stage, in this period of 
socialist construction, all classes, strata and social groups approving, 
supporting and participating in the undertaking of socialist constructi 
belong in the scope of the people, and all those who resist the social revolu- 
tion and are hostile towards and destroy the social forces and social groups 

f socialist contruction are enemies of the people.” In these words, Comrade 
Mao Zedong concerning the differences between the people and the enemy, the 

ontradictions within the people and the contradictions between ourselves and 
the enemy, is completely in accord with China's actual conditions, and he 
bears out the truth of our present situation in society. The above mentioned 
serious criminal offenders who savagely oppose the people and oppose socialist 
society, are they not those “who revolt against social revolutions and are 
hostile towards and destroy the socia! forces and social groups of socialist 
construction"? Is this not the utterly vicious “enemy of the people”? In 
observing any type of social phenomenon or handling any social problem, we 
cannot help but stand on the side of the overwhelming majority of the people, 
only this way can we accurately see, and not be mislead by the false appear- 
ance of any phenomenon, anc only then can we correctly judge the situation of 

lass Struggle. 


Among serious criminal offenders, one type of phenomenon that is worth 

thing is: the gangs of hoodlums, containing 3 to 5 members at the least, 
and 10 to 100 at the most These groups are in fact a type of secret society 
srganization. The backbone of these groups consists mostly of hardened 
riminals, recidivists and repeated offenders. These wang» have a leader and 
an organization, and many gangs have a pronounced political flavor; some are 
actually small counterrevolutionary cliques. This type of gang, forming 
alliances and factions, often adopts concerted actions, resists China‘’s soci- 
alist society, and the harm is great. Our struggle with them is an ocutstand- 
ing manifestation of the distinct nature of class struggle. 

Certainly, capitalist societies also have criminal offenders, moreover, it is 
a sign of the turbulence and unrest of Western society. The problem of crime 

in capitalist society, however, is a necessary outcome of the capitalist system. 
As long as the system of private ownership and people exploiting people exists, 
ind the corrupted and decadent bougeois ideological cultural influences that 
complement this criminal System also continue to exist, there is no possibility 
of curing the criminal condition of the Western world. In this respect the 
riminal condition of our society has a basic difference with the Western 

world. We have already realized socialist public ownership, and have eradi- 
ited the old system of people exploiting people and people enslaving people. 

ae fave established a completely new socialist system and a system appropri- 
ite for communist thought. Capitalism is a system that manufacturers a form 

‘t crime, and socialism is a system that is gradually eliminating criminal 
wtivity. The two systems are completely different. However, serious criminal 
ictivity still exists in our society. It is just as Comrade Deng Xiaoping 

said: “We definitely cannot lower our guard concerning the occurence of murder 
ind arson, setting off explosions, looting and robbing, rape and gang rape 

ind other pernicious cases. Some of this type of criminal activity comes 
nder the category of counterrevolutionary activity, some belongs to the 
unterattacks of the remaining forces of Lin Biao and the "Gang of Four,” 
m belongs to the harm created by those who crave nothing short of nation- 
wide chaos, some belongs to the remaining vestiges of the exploiting class 
who are slipping back into their old ways, and some is due to the serious 
rrosiveness of feudalist and capitalist thought and style. According to 
the nature of this, one type is the contradiction between ourselves and the 
enemy, and another is a reflection of che varying degrees of class struggle 
the people. This explains that even though class struggle is not the main 
ntradiction in our society, it still definitely exists, and can often be 
cen.” Comrade Deng Xiaoping made a scientific and penetrating analysis con- 
erning the class struggle nature of serious criminal activities and the 
lifferent reasons for their emergence. The excuse that “every society has 
criminal offenders” negates the thesis that serious criminal activity in our 
society is an important manifestation of class struggle; it is not tenable 
ind does not conform to China's actual conditions, and so is harmful. 

[n summing up, serious criminal offenders are a target of tne people's 
lemocratic dictatorship, and they must be firmly and severely attacked. In 
joing this we can then uphold justice and prevail over evil, and cause 
enemy to be frightened and the people to be happy. At the same time we can 
rescue the large group of youths who have been poisoned, help them to differ- 
entiate between the enemy and ourselves, repent and make a fresh start. Thus 
we can realize a fundamental turn for the better in the situation of our 
social order, and enable all the people for a long time to maintain a social 

environment in which to engage in the four modernizations. 


12437 87 
CSO: 4005/1171 


Shijiazhuang HEBEI KIBAO in Chinese 23 Aug 83 p 4 

[Article by Wang Xiaohe [3769 2556 3109]: "Respect and Self-esteem") 

[Text}) In the new leading groups, many young cadres both show respect for 
older cadres and are innovative in their work, and they play an excellent 
role. However there are also a few young cadres who in “being respectf:1" 

worry too much and over do it, and have become overcautious. In problems 
that must be solved they are not daring in offering their views; in normal 
disputes they do not state their views frankly; if an old comrade has spoken 
ut concerning his views on a few problems, even if what he says is not com- 
prehensive enough, the young comrade does not say a word, or he does speak a 
few words and endorses the older man's views out of etiquette. This way, 
there is respect but no self-esteem, so that the development of role and work 
of creativity is affected. 

The leading group does things in a revolutionary, youthful, knowledgeable 

and specialized manner. A cooperation and replacement of new cadres and old 
takes plice in order to solve the problem of having successors to continue to 
carry forward the revolution and forge ahead into the future, in order to 
competently manage the mutually beneficial integrity, knowledge, ability and 
learning of the leading group, 2"d in order to bring into play the efficacy 
of the very best overall leaders. In this sense, the responsibilities of the 
young cadres are slightly heavier. They must with ax open mind learn from 
the older cadres, and take the rich experience and excellent tradition of 

the older cadres and carry it on. They also must give scope to their special 
skills of being in the prime of their lives and possessing culture and learn- 
ing, and they must independently be responsible for doing their own work. 
Faced with this situation, new cadres must have a new attitude towards respect- 
ing old cadres while preserving their own self-esteem. What we mean by self- 
respect is to honor and regard the ideas and roles of old cadres, modestly 
learn from them, ask them for advice, and be earnest and sincere towards them, 
and to respectfully receive the experience that they pass down. What we mean 
by self-esteem is paying attention to your own words and deeds, recognizing 
the position and effect of all undertakings you are engaging in, being full 
of confidence about your own work and capability, to strengthen your dedica- 
tior and sense of responsibility, earnestly take responsibility, be open and 
aboveboard, and be innovative in your work. Kespect does not mean to blindly 


‘ ! » ‘; ‘{ { w- » s . ‘ if ° al r , 
, f , racer JUs,fatl }ORre ; mia t } mG , rj nately NOG four rye bas Mather, 

, in work and in probing Into knotty problems, going out and embodying 
the revolutionary spirit of mutual help and concern, to offset your weaknesses 
bntly forge ahead, Self-esteem 1s not exercising selferestraint, being 
perci{lious, and only msidering wnat you yourself have said. Morevvuer, ir 
leveloping work and solving problems, you must have the correct attitude for 
being willing to use your brains, thinking of methods, making proposals, 
intiy striving to improve and independently assuming responsibility. 
Kespect and self-esteem compliment each ovcher. A person need only understand 
se | esteem to be able to respect thers; one need only to respect others 
f « able to establish self-esteem. If these two are taken and put in inappro- 
ite places, and undue emphasis is put on one side, then the other will be 
lost, and the result will be juste the opposite of what was desired. Therefore, 
wt mbine respect with self-esteem, we can then enthusiastically march 

rward, and do good wore. 

ract tilly speaking, in our leading group, young and old comrades alike have 

jem with respect and self-esteem. No matter who it is, they have strong 
ints and weak points. The strong points of old comrades are that they have 

rotound experience, broadened horizons, rich exper‘ence and are politically 

wasoned, They are, however, getting on in years, and commonly speaking, 

ir cultural level is comparatively low. Young cadres’ strong points are 

that they are young, their cultural leve) is high and they are full of vigor. 
/ AlSO possess weakenesses such as they are inexperienced and their 
ire simple. Old cadres must respect young cadres; filled with ardor 

incerity the old should foster the young, help then to enthusiastically 
march forward, and support them to state their own views frankly and be inno- 
sative in their work. Young cadres likewise must have self-esteem. This is 

( because they are young, cultured and complacent, nor is it because they \ 
nave little experience, are overcautious and have few methods. They must 
modestly study from old cadres and be innovative in their work, and they must 
improve themselves by hardening themselves through experience. We hope that 
every comrade will be clear about the theory of respect and self-esteem, 

mpetently handle the cooperative replacement of old cadres with new ones, 
and we hope that the level of our leadership will continually improve and 
that each job will be better done. 

‘5() ¢ 60059/117)1 



TIANJIN LEGAL ADVISORY OFFICE--To use legal means to rationalize economic 
relations and solve economic disputes in an effort to safeguard the state 
sovereignty and the legal rights and interests of all departments, the 
Tianjin Municipal People's Government has recently approved a measure 

saying that all bureaus, companies, and large plants under the municipal 
economic commission and under the municipal foreign economic and trade 
commission should gradually build their own legal advisory offices or invite 
lawvers to serve as their legal advisors. The legal advisory offices should 
handie legal affairs in their own departments under the direct leadership 

of the responsible persons of their departments. In handling vocational 
affairs, these offices should be subjected to the guidance of the relevant 
minicipal and district judicial and administrative organs. The duties of 
these offices are to help their departments draw up regulations and systems, 
to collect and collate laws and regulations related to the departments, to 
help their departments drafting contracts, to study legal issues raised by 
responsible persons and by various sections and units, to represent their 
departments to conduct prosecution, and to propagate the socialist legal 
system to cadres, workers and staff members. [Excerpt] [Tianjin City 
Service in Mandarin 1430 GMT 21 Sep 83 SK] 

CS0: 6005/42 



HKOLOSI1 Yinchuan NINGXIA RIBAO in Chinese 20 Aug 83 p 1 

|Report: "Propaganda Department of the Regional CPC Committee Held Work 
Meeting on Studying and Propagating ‘Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping’ and 
Called on People to Take it as a Programmatic Document and to Implement it 
in Their Work" 

[Text] On 16-19 August, the propaganda department of Ningxia Regional CPC 
Committee held a work meeting in Yinchuan conscientiously to relay and imple- 
ment the spirit of the national work meeting, and to make arrangements for 
the propaganda work of the latter half of the year with emphasis placed on 
studying and propagating the "Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping.'' Those who 
attended the meeting included directors of propaganda departments of various 
prefectural, city, and county (district) CPC committees and responsible 
comrades in charge of propaganda work of the CPC committees (leading party 
groups) of various regional organs and the political department of Ningxia 
Military District, as well as responsible comrades of universities, colleges, 
and some factories and mines wh? are responsible for propaganda work. Hei 
Boli, deputy secretary of the reg‘onal CPC committee, delivered a speech 

on the subject of studying and propagating the "Selected Works of Deng 
Xiaoping" and doing ideological and political work well. Wang Yining, 
director of the propaganda department of the regional CPC committee, made 

a summary report at the meeting. 

Through study and discussion, all the participating comrades unanimously 
held that during the first half of this year, various propaganda departments 
had done a lot of work and achieved fairly good results in light of the 
arrangements made by the CPC Central Committee and the regional CPC committee. 
They had also accumulated some experiences for doing propaganda, ideological, 
and political work well during the new period. The decision made by the 
national propaganda meeting on taking the study and propaganda of the 
"Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping" as a key task of propaganda work in future 
is in accord with the demands of the development of the objective situation 
under the new historical conditions and conforms to the desires of the broad 
masses of people. It has also further pointed out the orientation of the 
party's propaganda work. Propaganda departments of the CPC committees at 
various levels in our region should take as their key task the study and 
propagandaof the "Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping" during the second half 


of this year, or for a longer period of time. Communist party members and 
cadres should take the "Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping" as the main content 
of their political and ideological study. They should do well various propa- 
ganda work around this key task, and do their best to become sentries, staff 
officers, and aides of the CPC committees on the ideological front. 

The regional propaganda meeting has studied the problem of effectively 
organizing the study and propaganda of the "Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping." 
In order to grasp firmly and effectively the study of the "Selected Works 

of Deng Xiaoping" in a down-to-earth manner, the meeting has made further 
specific arrangements in accordance with the plans and requirements of the 
regional CPC committee: 1) We should vigorously propagate the important 
significance of studying the "Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping,” so that the 
broad masses of party members, cadres, and people will understand that the 
"Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping" is a programmatic document for building 
socialism with Chinese characteristics, and the theoretical basis for formu- 
lating the party's line, guidelines, and policies in the process of effecting 
historically great changes and that the "Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping" 
inherits and develops Mao Zedong Thought. The "Selected Works of Deng 
Xiaoping" has an important guiding significance for our present and future 
socialist construction. During the second half of this year and the entire 
period of party rectification, party organizations at various levels should 
do well in organizing people to study and propagate the "Selected Works of 
Deng Xiaoping,” and in taking the spirit of the "Selected Works of Deng 
Xiaoping" to guide the party rectification and various work. 2) Various 
localities and departments should make specific arrangements for the work 

of promoting the study and propaganda of the "Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping" 
in light of local conditions, and firmly grasp the implementation of their 
plans. Party organizations at various levels should establish leading groups 
in charge of the study. Where conditions exist, various regional organs, 
committees, departments, and bureaus as well as various prefectures, cities, 
and counties should run full-time short-term study classes. While promoting 
the study of the documents of the Ist Session of the 6th NPC, we should also 
concentrate our efforts to firmly grasp cadres’ theoretical studies with 
emphasis placed on the "Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping," enhance our under- 
standing of the spirit of the 12th CPC National Congress, and make ideological 
and theoretical preparations for the full-scale party rectification. Our 
efforts to promote the study and propaganda of the "Selected Works of Deng 
Xiaoping" should be integrated with the study and propaganda of "Selections 
of Important Documents Since the Third Plenary Session," and articles and 
speeches of other central leading comrades. Units such as newspapers, broad- 
casting stations, TV stations, the Academy of Social Sciences and others 
should strengthen their propaganda and give more guidance for the study cam- 
paign. They should organize professional and amateur theoretical writers 

to write a .umber of good-quality articles to propagate the basic viewpoint 
of the "Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping" with key and well-defined objectives 
in mind. Various localities, departments, and units should conscientiously 
provide guidance for the study campaign. 3) We should take the "Selected 
Works of Deng Xiaoping" as a programmatic document to promote Chinese-style 
socialist construction, and implement it in our practical work. In particular, 


propaganda departments at various levels should adopt resolute measures to 
do 60. Various work and meetings of the second half of this year should 

be arranged around the central task of the study and propaganda of the 
"Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping." We should embody the expositions of the 
"Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping" concerned in various work and meetings. 
Therefore, cadres of various propaganda, cultural, and educational units 
should take the lead in studying and applying the "Selected Works of Deng 
Xiaoping," and set good examples for the masses. 

The meeting has also studied and made arrangements for the work of con- 
scientiously propagating and implementing the spirit of the First Session 

of the Sixth NPC around the central task of studying and propagating the 
"Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping." Furthermore, the meeting has made plans 
and arrangements for the following work: providing more education for party 
members; carrying out patriotic and communist education; strengthening the 
building of socialist spiritual civilization; propagating the importance 

of concentrating financial and material resources to ensure the progress 

of key projects; continuing to propagate the necessity of attaching importance 
to knowledge and intellectuals; strengthening leadership over cultural and 
educational work, promoting propaganda work of the "month of unity among 
nationalities"; effectively organizing the activities to mark the 90th birth- 
day of Comrade Mao Zedong and other academic activities; continuing to carry 
out structural reforms, and strengthening the building of the propaganda con- 
tingent. The meeting has called on all participants to enhance further their 
understanding of the important position and role of the propaganda, ideo- 
logical, and political work in the new period, to adhere to the ideological 
line of seeking truth from facts, to be bold in holding responsibility and 

to bring their initiative and creativity into full play, so that propaganda 
work will play a still greater role in the four modernizations. 

C80: 4005/47 



HK310423 Yinchuan NINGXIA RIBAO in Chinese 21 Aug 83 p 1 

[Editorial: "Master Ideological Weapons to Strive for New Victories--Studying 
‘Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping’ in the Light of Actual Conditions") 

[Text] Since the publication of the "Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping (1975- 
1982)," the broad masses of party members, cadres, and people of various 
nationalities in our region have conscientiously studied this brilliant 
treatise of Comrade Deng Xiaoping, and a study upsurge is developing in all 
the towns and villages. 

The "Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping" is a brilliant Marxist document of 

our party in the new historical period, the theoretical basis of the line, 
policies, and principles drawn up by the party, and the fundamentals of 
national construction for building socialism with Chinese characteristics. 
The conscientious study of the "Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping" will enable 
us to grasp more properly how the CPC Central Committee and Comrade Deng 
Xiaoping have upheld and developed Mao Zedong Thought and how the line, 
policies, and principles since the 3d Plenary Session of the llth CPC Central 
Committee have emerged and formed, and we will thus be able to understand 
more profoundly the process of the great historical change brought about 

in our country, to comprehend more deeply the party's line of the 3d Plenary 
Session of the llth CPC Central Committee, and to heighten our consciousness 
of ideologically and politically maintaining unity of view with the CPC 
Central Committee. The conscientious study of the "Selected Works of Deng 
Xiaoping" can enable us to grasp more properly how the CPC Central Committee 
and Comrade Deng Xiaoping have propounded and solved this important question 
of theory and practice of building socialism with Chinese characteristics, 
and we will thus be able to implement more consciously the spirit of the 

12th CPC National Congress, emancipate our minds, heighten our fighting 
spirit, and push forward the smooth progress of the four modernizations as 
well as various reforms. We must fully understand the important significance 
of studying the "Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping,” and conscientiously make 

a success of the activity for studying the "Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping." 

In the activity for studying the "Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping,” not only 
must we cultivate the habit of conscientious reading, we must also give play 
to the study style of integrating theory with practice. First, we must sit 


down and carefully read through the original work chapter by chapter, and 
firmly grasp its spiritual essence. We must also read the key chapters over 
and over again. Only if we have a real grasp of the original work can we 
achieve mastery through a comprehensive study of the subject, and study it 
for the purpose of application. Secondly, om the basis of conscientiously 
reading and in the light of our own ideological and work practice, we must 
make a review of our experience in recent years to ask, against the historical 
background of that time, what have we thought? and what have we done? and 

to ask, from the results of the examination of practice, whether the work 
based on the view of Comrade Deng Xiaoping is correct, or the work based 

om our ideas is correct? Only by summing up e¢ ‘periences and lessons in the 
light of actual conditions in this way, and by overcoming various erroneous 
understandings, can we further heighten the consciousness of implementing 
the Marxist Line determined by the 3d Plenary Session of the 11th CPC 
Central Committee and the 12th CPC National Congress, and guarantee the 
victorious advance of work on various fronts along the orientation indicated 
by the 12th CPC National Congress. 

At present, an extremely important political task placed before party organi- 
zations at various levels throughout the region is properly to study and 

to propagate the "Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping." Leading comrades at 
various levels must have a good grasp of the ideological trend, properly 
carry out ideological and political work, and progressively develop the 
activity for studying the "Selected Works of Deng Xiaoping" in depth, so 

that it will become a powerful spiritual force of the broad masses of party 
members, cadres, and people of various nationalities in our region for 
building a beautiful and richly endowed new Ningxia. . 

CSO: 6005/47 




QINGHAI NATIONAL EPICS MEETING--The national academic discussion meeting 

on epics of minority nationalities opened yesterday in Xining City, Qinghai 
Province. The meeting is being sponsored by the Institute of Literature 

of Minority Nationalities of the Academy of Social Sciences. Experts, 
scholars, and relevant personnel, totaling some 100 people, from various 
places, are attending. The meeting received 73 theses. (Huang Dengxue), 
vice minister of the State Nationalities Affairs Commission; and 
Huanjiecailang, deputy secretary of the provincial CPC committee, delivered 
speeches at the opening ceremony, extending congratulations to the meeting. 
Governor Huang Jingbo and responsible comrades of the provincial propaganda 
and culture departments attended the opening ceremony. (Huang Pingfan), 
director of the Institute of Literature of Minority Nationalities of the 
Academy of Social Sciences, delivered a speech, entitled: The study of 
epics must serve the building of socialist spiritual civilization. Yester- 
day afternoon, the provincial culture department held a tea party in honor 
of the comrades attending the meeting. Governor Huang Jingbo spoke at the 
tea party. [Summary] [HK2Z21506 Xining Qinghai Provincial Service in 
Mandarin 1100 GMT 16 Aug 83 HK] 

KINJLANG PLA PRODUCTS FAIR--The products fair of the Xinjiang production 

and construction corps opened on 10 August and successfully concluded yester- 
day. The amount of retail commodities in the fair was 560,000 yuan and the 
gross amount of large and medium-sized transactions was 26.65 million yuan. 
Of the large transactions, the amount of orders placed by Xizang region 

was 23.18 million yuan. Hetlongjiang, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Henan, 
Fujian, Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Nei Monggol were the main customers 
at this fair. [Summary] [Urumqi Xinjiang Regional Service in Mandarin 1300 
GMT 22 Aug 83 HK] 

SHAANXI WOMEN'S DELEGATION--The 43 members of our province's women's delega- 
tion to the Fifth National Congress of the All-China Women's Federation left 
Xian for Beijing yesterday afternoon. Dong Jichang, Liu Lizhen, Sun Daren, 
and Hu Jington, leaders of the provincial CPC committee, the provincial 
people's congress, the provincial people's government and the provincial 
CPPCC, and responsible persons of the departments concerned saw them off 

at the railway station. Of the members of our province's women's delegation, 
12 are newly elected national 8 March Red Banner Pacesetters and representa- 
tives of five-good households. [Text] [HK310213 Xian Shaanxi Provincial 
Service in Mandarin 0500 GMT 31 Aug 83] 

CSO: 4005/47 



(W261255 Talpei International Service in English 0100 CMI 28 Sep 43 
[Station commentary ] 

[Text}) Margaret Thatcher says that Britain has never taken a colonial attitude 
toward Hong Kong. That is not quite true. Even today, the Chinese have no 
real legislative body. If it did, maybe a stronger position could be taken 
against the intentions of the Chinese Commmists to march in, and maybe long 
before the leases are up in 1997, 

The British Prime Minister speaks of Singapore and its great success as an 
independent country; but that was not possible in Hong Kong, she says, because 
of the Chinese connection. Maybe the real fault was in the British rush to 
recognize Red China. 

Legally, Hong Kong should revert to the Republic of China [ROC]. It was the 

ROC which defeated the Ching dynasty in the national revolution of 1911. The 
Hong Kong Treaty signed by Ching came to the ROC legitimately whereas the Chinese 
communists are still involved in insurrection against their government and the 
constitution. It is easy to say that is all very well, but the communists of 
the mainland are squarely on the borders of Hong Kong and could march in over- 
night. Waters more than 100 miles wide separate Taiwan from Hong Kong. Still, 

if the British recognize the Republic of China, a different complexion would 

be placed on the Hong Kong situation. 

For the communists, getting at Hong Kong would be like trying to take Taiwan. 
Possibly, it could be done. But, the rest of the world, and especially the 
United States, would object. 

Colontalism has been a factor in Hong Kong. Those who hold power in the 

Hong Kong Government are British. The governor general is named by the Queen, 
Right now, Hong Kong is on the brink of collapse. The dollar is falling into 
a deep ditch against the U.S. dollar. More and more capitalists are prepared 
to get out. The communists have given them vocalized assurances that mean 
nothing at all. 

How different things would be if Hong Kong were reverting to the Republic of 
China. It would be assured of becoming another Taiwan or Singapore. Property 
right would be protected. Investment would be welcome. 


is there anything that can be done to save Hong Kong? A stronger position 

by the British would help. Uf the Chinese had a chance to express themselves, 
that miyiit arouse the interests of the world. The Chinese population in 

Hony Kony exceeds 5 million. Has Britain or anyone else asked the opinion 

of these people? Have Hong Kong residents been given a chance as have the 
people of Talwan to say that they do not wish to live under the communists? 

The communists say they may not wait for 1997 when the treaties run out. They 
assert that Hong Kong belongs to them and that the papers signed by the Ching 
have no Validity. This is a threat that is driving financial interests to 
leave Hong Kong. If the communists are permitted to take over 5 million 
prospering people, that will be a terrible tragedy. Not only will th good 
life be taken away from them, but they will be forced into communism against 
their will. they will have nothing to say about it. 

lhe british are negotiating with the communists. But, what are they negotiat- 
iny? The people of Hong Kong think they are ready to surrender at any time. 
Why couldn’t the free world give Hong Kong residents at least a choice of 
jolming free China or Red China? Some people may say that this would be 
meaningless because the communists would only send in their troops. Maybe 
that would be true, but at least the world would know that an injustice was 
being committed, that unwilling people were being forced into slavery. 

The Republic of China would like to go to the rescue of Hong Kong, but it 
cannot. Its task is to defend an island with nearly 19 million people. Its 

first obligation is to Taiwan. But, free China can be deepened to do everything 

it possible can for its Hong Kong compatriots. Some of the people of Hong Kong 
will make their way to Taiwan and as many as can be accommodated will be 

CSO: 4000/31 



(W240808 Taipei CNA in English 0251 GMT 24 Sep 83 

[Text] Taipei, Sept 24 (CNA)--Following is a commentary, "Ineptness or 
Truculence?", aired Saturday by the Voice of Free China of the Broadcasting 
Corporation of China. 

An expert on Soviet affairs in the U.S. said that the Soviet refusal to admit 
error in the downing of the Korean airliner showed the "great ineptness" 
of Communist Party leader Yuriy Andropov. 

Maybe or maybe not. 

From the civilized world's point of view, the Soviets have every reason to 
apologize to the whole world for the attack on an unarmed civilian airliner, 
and to compensate the families of the 269 persons killed aboard the plane. 
[t would show that the Soviets are not totally devoid of human feelings. 

However, we are talking about the communists, who do not belong to the 
civilized world, and thus do not, as a rule, admit to mistakes, or apoivgize 
for their misdeeds. 

Mao Tse-tung liquidated tens of millions of Chinese in the name of revolu- 
tion. His disciple Pol Pot in Cambodia killed one third of his countrymen 
under the same excuse. Mao even boasted that he buried more intellectuals 
than the notorious first emperor did. 

As to the Soviet Union, its international behavior has been an unbroken 
record of outrageous acts. Not content with tyranny at home, the Soviets 
have contributed to the communization of the Chinese mainland and Eastern 
Europe, not counting its subjugation of other nations. All this was done 
in the name of revolution. 

To be sure, the Soviet Union suffered a propaganda setback as a result of 
the KAL jumbo incident. So what? Moscow seldom cares about world opinion. 
Otherwise, it wouldn't have shot at jetliners in the first place. 

As President Ronald Reagan pointed out,the KAL incident and subsequent Soviet 
attitide show the true nature of communism and underline the necessity for 
the free world to close ranks and embark on a military buildup. The commu- 
nists cannot be persuaded by reason but understand the eloquence of the 
mailed fist. 

CSO: 4000/38 



OWO21419 Taipei International Service in English 0100 GMT 2 Oct 83 
[Station commentary } 

[Text] Ronald Reagan is going to Red China next April, and the Chinese 
Communist leader, Chao Tzu-yang [Zhao Ziyang), is going to the United States 
in January. People of Taiwan of the Republic of China cannot help but wonder- 
ing what these exchange visits are all about or why they should be made. 

Mr Keagan has been a friend of Free China for a long time. He is a supporter 
of the Taiwan Relations Act which has the effect of guaranteeing the people 

of the island against the commmication by force and violence. 

The American president has repeated pleasures of continuing armament shipment 
to the Republic of China, but he has evidently also been impressed by those 
who think the billion people of mainland China should ve useful in the face 
of the Soviet Union's aggressive threat. Some Americans have hoped to play 
Red China off against the Russians. So far they have no evidence of success. 
To the contrary, the Chinese and the Russian commmists have shown signs of 
burying the hatchet. 

If President Reagan were going to learn something, that might be different. 
But he will only have the wool pulled over his eyes. He will see what the 
(Chinese communists want him to see and hear what they want him to hear, not 
a bit more. He will have utterly no chance to get out in the countryside 
where 800 million people live in dire poverty. He will be whisked from 
one great hall to another. He will not meet the people, but the apologists 
for communism. 

Chao, on the other hand, will see both the best and the worst of the United 
States. America hides nothing from its visitors. But Chao would not be there 
for sightseeing. His assignment is to undermine the Taiwan Relations Act that 
holds the first place in the Chinese communist agenda for the development of 
relations with the United States. If the Taiwan Relations Act were moved 

out the way, the Chinese commumists would be at Liberty to settle with the 
Republic of China on their own terms. Those terms have been made clear time 
and time again. The Republic of China would be liquidated. At a provincial 


government, Taiwan would be subject to the command of Peking to be regarded as 
the central government. Promises about autonomy and independent defense forces 
ould be nothing. Proof of that can be found in what happened to Tibet and 
wieal lo happening to Hong Kong. 

It would be completely impossible for the communists to permit Taiwan to 
continue to survive as an anticommunist bastion of free enterprise and pros- 
perity. The biggest question is whether Mr Reagan has anything in mind. His 
communique with the communists last year was confusing. In one breath, he 
seemed to be saying that he would reduce armaments for Taiwan to the vanishing 
point, but at the same time, he said he would continue to see that the people 
of Taiwan have the weapons for their own defense. Red Chinese have hinted that 
they were tricked. Maybe they were. President Reagan's intention seer to 
have Deen to shut up their demands for an end of arms shipments to Taiwan 

ind at the same time take care of the island's defense. 

in these further relationships, his trip and Chao's are going to be on the 
spot. Obscure Language may not be enough to still the demands of the Chinese 
communists. They have already given indictions of that. It would seem fairer 
if President Reagan visited both the Republic of China and Red China. That is 
not impossible as far as Free China is concerned. The Republic of China wel- 
comes people to see Taiwan after they have been to the mainland. There is no 
fear of comparison to the contrary. But in President Reagan's case, this is 
impossible. Lf Mr Reagan were to come to the Republic of China, there would 
be no invitation to the mainland. The communists are afraid and this is not 
merely a matter of politics. Free China has one of the most prosperous economy 
in Asia. Its people lead a free life. They have elections at regular 
intervals. One of these will be held this year. Tie Chinese Communists offer 
only a slave system and poverty. We can only ask that President Reagan Jisten 
to what others have to say about the Republic of China. He should also give 
ear those who have been to the mainland and sve all that will be denied him. 

These visits constitute a threat to Free China. They must be answered with 
the truth, so President Reagan will not be deceived 

CSO: 4000/31 



(iW O1431 Taipei CNA tn English 1333 CMT W Sep 83 

[Text] Taipei, W Sep (CNA)--Following is a commentary, "Definition of a 
‘Friendly Country,'” aired by the Broadcasting Corporation of China Friday. 

U.S. Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger has just offered to sell Red China 
more mii itary items it requested in its 1981 shopping list. At the same time, 
the Commerce Departmerc announced that a guideline will soon be ready for the 
transter of advanced technology to the Peking regime. 

These offers were made under the assumption that Red China is a "friendly 
country” to the United States. 

We cannot help wondering whether the United ‘tates has ever had a “hostile 
country” if Red China qualified as a friendly country. The classification is 
puzzling indeed. 

To begin with, the two countries are diametrically opposed ideologically and 
poles apart ‘n social and economic systems. They fought a bloody war in Korea 
and clashed indirectly in Indochina. 

Even today, Peking still regards the United States as an enemy in tiie same rank 
as the Soviet Union, which it described as enemy number one barely a couple of 
years ago. 

It is by no means Red China's rhetoric in regarding the United States as a hostile 
State. Peking has shown its hostility toward the United States on practically 

all the major international issues except Soviet occupation of Afghanistan and 

the Vietnamese occupation of Cambodia. 

Red China sides with the Pyongyang regime in demanding the withdrawal of 

U.S. troops from South Korea, denounced the U.S. support for Israel and South 
Africa, lashed out at the United States for its role in Central America, faulted 
the United States for not backing Argentina during the Falklands conflict, not 

to mention the fact that it has been reviling the United States for its unofficial 
ties with the Republic of China. 


lo be sure, difterences do exist even between the friendliest countries. but 
such differences are minor when compared with the issues on which they see 
eye .o eye. The differences between the United States and Ked China are not 
such that can be called minor, while the area in which they can agree is very 
limited at best. 

de are referring to the so-called “parallel strategic interests" between Peking 
and Washington advocates of the "Red China card” talked about so often. 

Although Peking does feel the hot breath of the polar bear on its necks all it 
seeks from its new relationship with the United States is to play off one 
superpower against the other. The Chinese Communists never intended to be a 
military partner of the United States in an anti-Soviet grand alliance. 

This has becom abundantly clear since Pektng resumed its dialogue with the 
Soviets last year. Now Red China has declared openly that it will pursue an 
equidistance policy between the two superpowers. 

As Weinberger talked about "strategic links” in Peking earlier this week, his 
communist hosts were noticeably cool. Both Peking’s Defense Min! ster 

Chang Ai-ping and Premier Chao Tzu-yang told Weinberger to his face that 
"inde pendence” would be the main feature in Red China's foreign policy. 

in plain words, Peking will play both the U.S. card and the Soviet card to 
further its own ends. Considering that Red China and the Soviet Union are 
ideological allies, chances are that Peking's “neutrality” is tilted toward 
Moscow. This being so, ome would like to ask how Red China can be graded as 

a “friendly country” to the United States. 

CSO: 4000/31 



OWO40838 Taipei CHINA POST in English 29 Sep 83 p 4 
[Editortal: "United States Arms Sales to Peking”] 

[Text] The current visit of U.S. Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger in Peking 
has opened the way for the Chinese Communists to have access to U.S. weapons 
and high technology systems which may have detrimental effects upon the peace 
and security of the Asian and Pacific region. 

Although the details of the discussions remain undisclosed, judging from the 
satisfaction expressed by the Peking regime's officials, the discussions were 
highly satisfactory to Peking. 

U.S. officials said Monday that the United States has approved fo sale to 

Red China 43 items, some with military applications, that fall within new 
guidelines permitting Peking to buy high technology systems. These 43 items, 
according to U.S. officials, are on a list Peking submitted to the United States 
in June 1981. Among them, 32 items involved “munitions” which must be approved 
by the U.S. Commerce and State Departments. As some of these items have 
military applications such as radars which have applications to air defense and 
early warning systems, their sales should be carefully scrutinized by the 

U.S. Government and U.S. Congress. 

As the offer to sell Peking those items with military applications has already 
been made by the United States through Secretary Weinberger to his counterpart 
Chang Ai-ping, it must be presumed that he has already obtained the clearance 
of the State and the Commerce Departments. But the U.S. Congress has yet to 
review such offers of sales of sensitive items to the Chinese Communist regime. 
It should look into any deal that may be reached between Weinberger and Chang 
in Peking on U.S. arms sales to Peking. 

The U.S. Congress still has its unshirkable responsibility even though its role 
of vetoing administration proposals in arms sales has been greatly restricted 
by the recent Supreme Court decision. However, it should not lightly acquiesce 
in any deal which may effect U.S. national interest. 


Moreover, the U.S. offer may directly or indirectly affect the peace and 
security of the Kepublic of China and other Astan nations. The Gilnese 
Communist intention to invade Talwan has never been disavowed. Instead, 
Chinese Communist leaders have never missed any opportunity to reaffirm their 

intention of seizing and conquering Taiwan by any means, including military 

The people of the Republic of China have the right to know from the Reagan 
administration whether the Weinberger-Chang talks touch on the security of 
the Kepublic of China and affect its vital interests. If so, we would like 
to be consulted beforehand instead of being informed of the results after the 
talks are concluded. 

As the Taiwan Relations Act guides the conduct of U.S. policy toward the 
Kepublic of China, it is imperative that no deal between the United States 

and Peking should violate the letter and spirit of that act. The U.S. Congress 
lias the inherent right to defend this act approved by it to protect Taiwan and 
saleguard the welfare of the people of the Republic of China. No administra- 
tion official should do anything to weaken it or circumscribe it as it has 
become the law of the United States. 

The people of the Republic of China should carefully watch the talks now going 
on at Peking between Weinberger and Chang. They should demand to be fully 
informed on the progress of the talks, which affect their vital interests 

and security. 

We hope that the Reagan administration will be extremely careful in of fering 
military sales to the Peking regime. It should not play with fire by offering 
Peking items of military weapons which it can use for aggression against the 
Republic of China and other Asian nations. Peking has proved to be a paper 
tiger in its restraining effects on the Soviets. It would be a mistake to 
provide teeth to this paper tiger which cam be used to hurt its weak neighbors. 

CSO: 4000/31 



(W241151 Taipei CHUNG YANG JIH PAO in Chinese 21 Sep 83 p 1 
[Article by CHUNG YANG JIH PAO reporter Chiang Wei-shuo] 

[Text] General Wang Sheng, director of the Joint Training Department of 

the Ministry of National Defense, has been designated to be ambassador to 
the Republic of Paraguay and will leave for Paraguay to assume his new post 
in the near future. As Gen Wang has long associations with Paraguay's top 
military and government figures, it is generally believed that relations 
between China and Paraguay will further advance on the existing solid founda- 

Located in the central part of South America, the Republic of Paraguay has 
an area of more than 400,000 square km and a population of more than 3 
million. Its relations with our country have always been very close. Since 
1961, China and Paraguay have successively signed a special cultural treaty, 
a trade and economic cooperation treaty, a friendship treaty, an economic 
and technical cooperation agreement, a tourism agreement, and an investment 
agreement as bases for bilateral cooperation and development. 

In the meantime, to strengthen Sino-Paraguayan military ties, our country 

has repeatedly provided grants of military equipment to Paraguay including 
meteorological equipment, meters, and uniforms and sold and granted arms 

and ammunition to that country. We have also sent meteorological officers 
successively to give guidance to meteorological services in Paraguay. 
Beginning in 1975, Paraguay has been sending military and government person- 
nel to China to receive training in political warfare in the distant friends’ 
class under the Ministry of National Defense. So far 18 people have received 
this training. 

China and Paraguay have also actively promoted cooperation in the economic, 
trade, and technical cooperation fields. For example, our country recently 
added a “commercial attache's office" in our embassy in Paraguay and dis- 
patched commerical personnel to work permanently in Paraguay. We have also 
sent agricultural-technical teams to Paraguay. Eight persons are still in 
Paraguay providing technical assistance in hog raising, dryland vegetable 
cultivation, and agronomy. 


The people of Paraguay are very grateful for the assistance our country has 
given Paraguay for more than 20 years. As a result, Sino-Paraguayan rela- 
tions have been growing steadily. During his inauguration ceremony last 
month, General Alfredo Stroessner, who was elected Paraguayan president in 
September 1954 and has been reelected and remains in power today, gave a 
special reception to our Minister of National Defense Sung Chang-chih, who 
went to Paraguay to attend the inauguration ceremony as the Chinese presi- 
dent's special envoy, and expressed deep gratitude for the continuing assis- 
tance our country has given to Paraguay in various fields over the past years. 

Moreover, it is worth mentioning that as an expression of esteem for our 
late President Chiang Kai-shek, the city council of the Paraguayan capital 
in 19/6 named a 1;500-meter-long road in the city the "Generallissimo Chiang 
Kai-shek Road," which was completed in 1980. The next year, Paraguay made 

a wift of a piece of land about 1 hectare in area for the construction of 

a "Chiang Kat-shek Square." Preparations for construction are actively in 
progress. All this indicates that both official and unofficial relations 

are friendly between China and Paraguay. 

When General Stroessner, who has been Paraguayan president for nearly 30 
years, led a delegationto China for a visit in 1975, he expressed that he 
would always support our country. The genuine friendly sentiment is to be 
treasured. During Minister of National Defense Sung Chang-chih's visit to 
Paraguay, President Stroessner feted him with a most courteous reception 
and attended the cocktail party given in Sung's honor by Chinese Ambassador 
Wang Meng-hsien, which showed the importance he attaches to friendship with 
our country. It {8 expected that the relations of cooperation in various 
fields between China and Paraguay will see even more vigorous development 
in the future. 

CSO: 6005/44 



(W231419 Taipei CNA in English 1348 GMT 23 Sep 83 

[Text] Taipei, Sept 23 (CNA)--Premier Sun Yun-Hsuan reflected domestic and 
international optimiem in his oral administrative report to the first 
meeting of the 72nd session of the Legislative Yuan today. 

Domestically, he said, the economy is recovering briskly and predicted 
growth of 6.5 percent for this year. 

Progress was cited in exports, but ,the premier noted that imports were 
growing at a slower rate. Several important investments are in prospect. 
Advanced industry is developing at a rapid pace with the establishment of 
new plants at the Hsinchu science-based industrial park. 

On the international front, relations with the United States are constructive 
and those with other countries are showing progress. European free countries 
have made increasing contributions to financial and trade ties with the 
Republic of China. 

However, Premier Sun said the Republic of China [ROC] still requires advanced 
weaponry which the United States has not yet made available. He called atten- 
tion to recent U.S. approval of U.S. $530 million worth of armaments to the 

Among the gains cited were China Airlines’ [CAL's] flights to Amsterdam. 

He predicted the attainment of worldwide routes by CAL, which recently under- 
took passenger service to New York as well as Holland. He also took note 

of Pan American World Airway's return to Taipei. 

Premier Sun had high praise for President Ronald Reagan as the free world's 
leader. He made special mention of the nation’s warm relations with Saudi 
Arabia and the Republic of Korea. 

The premier called attention to plans for elections for national representa- 
tives to be held before the end of the year. 

"Based on the principles of harmony and solidarity, abiding by the law and 
economy, openness, fair play and justice,” he said, "we are determined to 
make the election a success." 


Premier Sun pledged administrative programs to build a prosperous, model 
society based on Dr Sun Yat-sen's three principles of the people--nation- 
alisom, democracy and the people's welfare. 

Education will be given renewed emphasis, he pledged, in making Taiwan the 
paragon that will smasn Chinese communism by its good example. 

"The key to victory is in our hands," he said. 
Premier Sun's address marked the start of work by the new session of the 

Republic of China's legislature. Other leaders of the administration will 
now be heard from and some subjected to interpellation. 

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OW241405 Hong Kong AFP in English 1224 GMT 24 Sep 83 

[Text] Taipei, Sept 24 (AFP)--Taiwan remains opposed to the transfer of 
advanced technology to China because such a transfer would strengthen 
Beijing's military capability and thus endanger world peace, a spokesman 
of the Foreign Ministry said today. 

The spokesman made the statement on the eve of a visit to Beijing by U.S. 
Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger who is reportedly slated to discuss 
high technology sales previously forbidden to China. 

The spokesman quoted Foreign Minister Chu Fu-sung telling the legislative 
Yuan (Parliament) yesterday that the Nat. ~nalist government had made its 
position known to the United States. 

‘We hope the free world understands Beijing's trickery and stops trying to 
sell advanced technologies to our enemy," Mr Chu was quoted as saying. 

Mr Weinberger is scheduled to arrive in Beijing tomorrow for a five-day 

Reports from Washington indicated that although the defense secretary is 

not going there to sell weapons, if China wants to buy weapons, equipment 
and military-related high technology he is prepared for discussion. 

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BK241144 Hong Kong AFP in English 1032 GMT 24 Sep 83 

[Text] Taipei, Sept 24 (AFP)--The government has no intention to relax its 
restrictions on the formation of new political parties because there have 
been no changes in Taiwan's political conditions, Interior Minister Lin 
Yang-Kang said today. 

Speaking at the Legislative Yuan (parliament), Mr Lin said if there were 

no restrictions on forming new parties, the number of political parties would 
increase and there would be no way for the authorities to control political 
parties which support the Chinese communist cause. 

Mr Lin added that he personally felt that not only political parties, but 
non-partisans themselves can represent public opinion. 

Taiwan is ruled by the nationalist Kuomintang party but two minority parties, 
the Democratic Socialists and the Young China Party are represented in the 
parliament together with an increasing number of non-partisans. 

The formation of new political parties has been demanded in the parliament 
in recent years. 

Reacting to a separate question, Mr Lin said the government had never 
regarded the Taiwan Benevolence Association in the United States as a 
seditious organization. 

He said that the government was of the view that the association is controlled 
by certain members of the Formosan Independence League and urged public func- 
tionaries not to attend the activities of this organization. 

Mr Lin pointed out that the league was confirmed as a terrorist organization 
by the California judicial authorities in 1981. 

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(W252020 Taipei International Service in English 0100 GMT 24 Sep 83 
[Station commentary] 

[Text] The third round negotiations between Red China and the British 
Government over the future status of Hong Kong began in Peking yesterday 

in a poised atmosphere with a sharp drop of the already weakened Hong Kong 
dollar. The official Chinese Communist PEOPLE'S DAILY greeted the arrival 

of the British delegation by opening a broadside against the colonial author- 
ities, charging the latter with attempting to block Peking's plan to take 
over Hong Kong in 1997. PEOPLE'S DAILY noted that the British cited the 
popular feeling of Hong Kong residents to pressure Peking in the negotiations. 

The paper was referring to public opinion polls conducted in the colony about 
its future status. These polls indicated unanimously that the 5 million 

Hong Kong residents are overwhelmingly in favor of the continuation of the 
status quo after 1997. Peking maintains that the British have no rights 

to represent the residents of Hong Kong, because 99 percent of them are 
Chinese, adding that the British never respected Hong Kong's popular feelings 

On this point, the PEOPLE'S DAILY is right. The point is, however, that 

the communist regime in Peking has even less right to represent the residents 
of Hong Kong. In the first place, the majority of the Hong Kong residents 
are refugees from communist terror on the mainland. In the second place, 

Hong Kong has never been under communist rule. The representative of the 
Hong Kong residents is neither the British, nor the Chinese Communist regime. 
The representative must come from among the colony's residents themselves. 

Peking may claim that the popular feeling in Hong Kong as cited by London 

is faked, but it is not in the least interested in finding out what the 
feeling really is by asking the Hong Kong side themselves. This is precisely 
what the Hong Kong residents have been fighting for. They have demanded that 
their opinion be consulted in the ongoing talks between London and Peking 

and have made their demand known by writing to the British Government and 

the United Nations. Representatives of Hong Kong residents have also visited 
Peking to speak out what they have in mind. However, their representation 
fell on deaf ears. 


Instead of allowing the people of Hong Kong a voice in the negotiations over 
their future Red China has been trying to calm down their jitters by meaning- 
less assurances that the present capitalist system in Hong Kong will be main- 
tained under the red flag. That is impossible. The residents of Hong Kong 
know that. Even the Peking authorities are not sure how a capitalist society 
can function successfully under a communist system. That is why the Hong 
Kong dollar took a nosedive every time Red China stressed its determination 

to take over the colony in 1997. 

There are only 14 years left. No matter how London and Peking may try to 
conceal the progress of their talks from the residents of Hong Kong, their 
jitterswill increase as long as they are not represented in the negotiations. 
The port city will most certainly die long before the deadline arrives. 

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OW290139 Taipei CHINA POST in English 24 Sep 83 p 12 

(Text) Premier Sun Yun-hsuan delivered a2 W,000-word oral administrative 
report at the first meeting of the 72th session of the legislative yuan 
yesterday. The report covered a wide range of subjects, including develop- 
ments in the nation’s economic, political, diplomatic, national defense, 
social, educational, and cultural spheres. It also discussed the inter- 
national situation of the nation. 

Following are key excerpts from the premier’s report: 

Peking Trickery Fails To Deny ROC [Republic of China] Its Rightful Inter- 
national Status 

As a result of our hard struggle and unyielding spirit, the Republic of China 
has gradually reversed the unfavorable situation in the international 
community. China airlines’ flights to New York and the Netherlands, 

Pan American's restoration of flights to Taipei, the maintenance of our full 
legal membership in the Asian Development Bank, the rejection by many countries 
of the Chinese Communists’ umreasonable demands that these countries not be 
allowed to set up representative offices and issue visas in Taipei, and the 
recent U.S. decision to continue arms sales in the amount of US$5W million 
provide evidence that the Chinese Communists’ tricks of trying to frighten 

us with empty threats are ineffective. Our international status thus has 
become stronger and more encouraging. Moreover, the results of the anti- 
communist movement on the mainland give us cause for immeasurable encouragement. 

Materialism, Freedom and Law 

It is clear that as time progresses, people will expect more politically, 
the administration will encounter more problems in development and more 
responsibilities will have to be shouldered. We must improve ourselves so 
as to move forward in national development. 

In both psychological development and social life, we hope that all the people 
will join in making a unanimous commitment to strengthening awareness of our 
country’s difficult position, to bolstering the spirit of diligence and frugal- 
ity, to cultivating law-abiding habits and to eliminating resistance to the 
rule of law. 


Let our expansion be rational and let us show restraint in materialism so 
ag to coordinate material and spiritual conditions in our peacetime and 
wartime lives. 

All people are equal before the law. 

Individual freedom should not get in the way of collective freedom; individual 
interest should not interfere with the interests of society as a whole. 

Memberships in International Organizations Rise to 635 

To fulfill our international obligations and raise our international status 
and influence, we have done our best to safeguard our membership, rights and 
interest in various international organizations. We have encouraged our civil 
organizations to participate in international organizations and activities. 
Our memberships in international civil organizations has increased from the 
271 of four years ago to the present 635. This will greatly benefit the 
development of people-to-people diplomacy, the advancement of international 
friendship and cooperation, and the elevation of our international status. 

National Defense a Top Priority 

Our fundamental task in national defense is based on the strategy of "integrat- 
ing defense with offense." 

We seek army-building and war preparedness at the same time. Concrete measures 
must be taken to develop sophisticated weapons, augment combat capability and 
establish an independent national defense system. 

We have combined the capabilities of military, state-owned and private enter- 
prises for the development of a national defense industry. We have introduced 
sophisticated science and technology into defense industry through technical 
cooperation with other countries. In keeping with scheduled plans, we are 
gradually reaching self-set goals for such major weapons and equipment as 
combat vehicles, war ships, advanced fighter aircraft and missiles. In addi- 
tion to seeking U.S. arms, we also are trying to find additional sources of 
supply to speed up the modermization of our armed forces. 

Development of Technology Making Rapid Progress 

The National Science Council has been working together with other agencies 
concerned in studying procedures to advance technology development. Projected 
research fields include fuels, materials, manufacturing automation, bio- 
technology, information science, electro-optics, hepatitis vaccine and food 
technology. The council has been reorganized into five groups dealing with 
basic science. 

In addition, the projected Synchrotron Radiation Center will contribute to 
the upgrading of basic science and the advance of national construction. 


A new plan to accelerate cultivation and recruitment of technological personnel 
is being drafted. 

The plan emphasizes the cooperation of domestic and overseas Chinese scholars 
and experts, and calls for the cooperation of industry, education, defense, 
the government and the public. 

U.S. Arms Sales Don’t Include Enough High-Tech Weapons 

The sincerity of the U.S. Government in honoring its arms sales commitment to 
us was attested by the recent announcement of a US$530 million sale. But the 
sophisticated armaments that we require are not included on the list. 

We have steadfastly urged the U.S. Government to honor its commitments with 
total implementation of the Taiwan Relations Act so as to augment our defensive 
capabliity. In so doing, we shall deter Chinese Communist military adventures 
and detend the Western Pacific against Communist oppression. 

REF "Peunification’ Plan Just Another Conspiracy 

To distract the mainland people from dissatisfaction with Chinese Communist 
tyrannical rule, Teng Hsiao-ping personally made abusive remarks as part of 
“peaceful unification” united front tactics. He “promised” that only if we 
ayfee not to use our national flag and the name of the Republic of China can we 
have “sufficient self-government.” This conspiracy of attempting to regionalize 
the Republic of China on Taiwan is just another trick and wited front ploy. 

The problem existing on the two sides of the Taiwan Straits is not one of power 
distribution but of which system and life style will best meet the needs of 

the Chinese people. Only if the Chinese on the two sides of the Taiwan Straits 
live free, democratic, progressive and happy lives can China truly be unified. 

We firmly believe that the model of free China is the only real and the best 
answer for resolving the China issue. 

Thanks to ROK for Respecting Human Rights of Defectors 

The ROK Government has respected our basic friendship with them and persisted 
in the principle of safeguarding freedom. 

Korea has helped freedom-seekers Wu Jung-ken and Sun Tien-chin fulfill their 
aspirations. For this, we express our thanks. The case of defectors 

Cho Chang-jen and five others is now in the appeals stage. Our compatriots 

at home and abroad sincerely hope that the ROK Government will respect their 
will and help them return to our bastion of freedom as soon as possible. 

Government Anti-Crime Program Bringing Desired Results 
Cases of burglary and violent crime have increased in recent years. Further- 

more, the methods and nature of violent crimes have worsened. The Ministry of 
the Interior has urged police authorities to work hard in carrying out the 


plan for preventing and curbing violent crime in the Taiwan region” and 

the “plan for police agencies to check and appraise delinquency in the Taiwan 
region.” At the same time, the "statute governing the control of guns, 
ammunition, knives and other dangerous instruments" was promulgated and 
carried out with vigor. The government will strengthen control of gangsters, 
juvenile delinquents, prison escapees, professional gamblers, prostitution, 
privately owned and manufactured guns, explosives, etc. 

In the first six months of this year, the Investigation Bureau of the 

Ministry of Justice handled 291 cases and prosecuted 49 defendants in economic 
crime cases. Cases of forgery, counterfeiting, premeditated bankruptcy and 
forgery of textile quotas were handled and the wrongdoers prosecuted. 


Nation Enjoying Economic Recovery; Investment Up 

Both the domestic and international economies showed solid signs of recovery. 
lhe nation's economic growth this year is expected to exceed 6.5 percent, 
compared with the earlier estimate of 5.5 percent. 

Foreign and domestic investment increased this year. Statistics show new 
domestic investment amounted to NI$139.242 million in the first eight months 
of the year, showing a 29.1 percent increase over the same period last year. 
Approved foreign and overseas Chinese investment totaled US$W3.395 million, 
showing a 2.09 percent increase over the same period last year. 

In foreign trade, total volume was S$29,004 million in the first eight months 

of the year, showing a 4.1 percent increase over the same period last year. 
txzports reached US$16,178 million, a 9.0 percent increase, and imports were 
(15512,826 million, down by 1.5 percent. It is good to see our renewal of 

export yrowth. However, the slow gain in imports results in an everincreasing 
favorable trade balance. The government is considering relaxation of import 
restrictions for the introduction of the newest machines and technological 
equipment, and will continue to send purchasing missions to the United States 
to close the trade Bape 

Commodity prices remained stable in the first eight months of this year. 

Compared with the same period last year, wholesale prices were down 1.4 percent 
and the consumer price index was up 2.08 percent. 

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(W291499 Taipei CNA in English 1416 GMT 29 Sep 83 

[fext}] Taipei, 29 Sep (CNA)--President Chiang Ching-kuo received Costa Rican 
President Armando Arauz Aguilar at the presidential office Thursday. 

President Chiang extended his hearty welcome to Arauz for his current visit 
to his country. 

The Republic of China and Costa Rica have maintained close relations over the 
past years and shared a common stand in anti-communist policy, President Chiang 
pointed out. 

For many years, cooperations in economy, trade and culture between the two 
nations have done well. Arauz’s second visit signifies that the traditional 
Sino-Costa Kican friendship has become more intimate, the president 

During the talks, President Chiang also exchanged views with Arauz on matters 
of mutual concern and the world situation. 

President Chiang asked his guest about his tour to southern Taiwan where he 
had visited the industrial and economic establishments. He also asked the 
Costa Rican vice president to convey his regards to President Luis Alberto 

Vice President Arauz, in response, told President Chiang he was glas to have 
the opportunity to meet him and it was his honor to be decorated by the 
Chinese Government. 

He said he was deeply impressed with the achievements in this country he had 
seen during his stay here. 

Vice President Shieh Tung-min, secretary-general to the President Ma Chi-chuang, 

Foreign Minister Chu Fu-sung and Costa Rican Ambassador Rodrigo Sanchez were 
also present at the meting. 

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OW290409 Taipei CNA in English 0234 GMI 29 Sep 83 

[Text] Taipei, 29 Sep (CNA)--Negotiations on a bilateral air agreement between 
the Republic of Korea and this country are gaining momentum and the conclusion 
of an accord is getting closer, Liu Teh-ming, director general of the Civil 
Aeronautics Administration, said Wednesday. 

Preliminary results from the talks over the past two months indicate that 

the Korean side, as expressed by Cho Chung-hun, chairman of Korean Airlines [KAL], 
fully understands the unfair treatment imposed on China Airlines [CAL] and that 
the situation will be properly corrected shortly. The lapsed agreement gave 

KAL eight more flights weekly than it did CAL. 

Liu disclosed that the two parties were entering intensive negotiations on a 
bilateral agreement which will likely be signed by the two countries following 
the example of the Sino-Korean shipping agreement signed a few weeks ago. 

At present, the air services between Taipei and Seoul are based on a temporary 
arrangement concluded between China Airlines and Korean Airlines which specifies 
that conditions and arrangements under the lapsed agreement will continue until 
a new agreement is signed. The old ome allows KAL to operate six more passengers 
and two more cargo flights weekly than does CAL. 

China Airlines had intended to terminate the temporary arrangement on Augustl, 
but the Ministry of Communications postponed the decision pending the negotia- 
tion of a formal bilateral air agreement between the two countries. 

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ALLIANCE WITH PRC--Premier Sun Yun-hsuan Friday warned the Western countries 
not to entertain any illusions that an alliance with the Chinese Communist 
regime can be used to counter the Soviet Union. He said that the sale of 
high-technology products to Red China with such a goal in mind would be a 
serious mistake that would lead to disaster. The premier made the statement 
while speaking in the Legislative Yuan. He said, any alliance with Red China 
designed to counter the Soviet Union will also irritate the Russians and force 
them to take an even tougher and more aggressive attitude. He said, the 
Western countries’ alliance with Red China in the past year has not held back 
Soviet military expansion. To expose the illusion of alliance with the 

Red Chinese, Sun said, the government will invite scholars at home and abroad 
to talk on the subject. It will also invite top foreign military figures to 
visit the Republic of China so that the world will have a better understanding 
of the strategic importance of Taiwan. [Text] [0W030325 Taipei International 
Service in English 0100 GMT 1 Oct 83) 

NEW TAIWAN-SINGAPORE ASSOCLATION--The Republic of China-Singapore Cultural 

and Economic Association was inaugurated at a ceremony in Taipei on 

24 September. Former President C. K. Yen addressed the ceremony, pointing 

out that both the Republic of China and Singapore are free, democratic 

nations, and that both nations share a common spirit in the founding principle 
and common ideals for national development. The formation of the ROC~- 
Singapore Cultural and Economic Association should serve to enhance cooperation 
and understanding between the two nations, he stressed. [Summary] [0W301003 
Taipei CHINA POST in English 25 Sep 83 p 8 OW] 

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