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JPRS 7eS3e 

16 July 196) 

Worldwide Report 


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sether, |f epelleeblc, of peblteetion be cited. 

erreet (FRE publ tcettioms ere enneeneed te CLL? Mert 
\eoued com -<aeethiy by the Set 

information Serwlee, end ere iteted to the fa a 
Ld. Soeetament Sebi isations ‘eevee Ge 
Socuneets, '.5 Garerrmeet Prieting Office, Geehiagten, B.C 

indemes Co Chie report (hy be pwerd, suther, personel samere, 
tithe emt eertes ere ewellable frome Bell & Bowell, Old 
“Menefleid Geed, Wooster, Gice 46669) 

Correspondence pertaining to aatters other then procurement 
my be ed@reseed to Joint Publicetions Reecerch Service, 
1000 Serth Glebe Goad, Arlington, Verginte T2777. 

Jom fete 
Me July 198) 

Beltic See Gowetriee Agree om Peet Te Comtre! Reserdene Corge 

—— ) oe 8) I 
teaber of Seweet Fishbone Beete Off Hew Leeland Cot 
(Tor =) ALAR GRAD. © bee F1) ? 
Pepee Gow Gotmee Fiat Comtameneted With Mereery, Seieed 
(T=) COURIER ATL, 29 Mey 81) ) * 
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Seeerfiehing See 5 
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Coast Geerd Heed lneugeretee Dietrict Reatquaerters 

Action Urged om See Lome 

-“a- (Itt ~ we + 136) 

rast cvROrT 

Tremte te Deeper tee Fiehing for 1980's Gutlined 

(George Heeelen, SRPWIRT CHAPT, May 61) pecceeecceces ) , 
Sr itete« 
Oc) Spall Pine Reduction 5 

iraq) Territertel Vetere Vieletion 16 
wey cweT 
“eoritom Protectiom Agreement With Meeritente 
(heetire Geengnen, PRATRRNITE MATIN, 23 dom BE) .. 2.605. 1? 
wee’ foRore 


lcelemt, Beletem Sian Sew Agreement on Quotes 
(OROUWRLADID. 12 Jum 61) peeeocoocce ,TTrT TT TY pee if 

Ambassador Sedereen Diecwsees Jan Mayen, LOS leaves 
(feme ©. Andereen leterwiew; MOROCUWELADID, 6 Jun G1) .. 20 



SSR Accepts 200-Mile lone Regulations 24 

te leickt HELSTNGIN SANOMAT in Fianieh 2 Jul 81 p ? 

|Article: “Ships Carrying Hererdeuws Carge in the Baltic Sea To Be More Closely 
Monitored” | 

[Rucerpe| The Baltic See government hewe agreed to the establishment of « position 
reporting syetem to coordinate information on ships carrying chemicals, gas, etc. 
The purpose of the eyetem ie to teprowe the safety of savigaetion in the Baltic Sea, 
oe well af Co gake powetble timely and effective preventive seasures in case of 
pollution in the see eres. The syetem was agreed upon ae part of the Treaty on 
Protection of the Baltic. tte teet period begen on 1 July 1961. 

Included ‘a the position reporting agreement are 411 shipe hewing « cargo tonnage 
capacity of ower 20,000 ert, as well ae those ships traneporting over 1,600 grt of 
chemicals or gas. According to the agreement, the ships will report volunterily 
their route and position to the reporting center of their reepective country. 

The Fianish reporting center was established at the headquarters of the Gulf of 
Finland Coast Geaerd. The center will be tn serwice 24 houre « day around the year, 
and will be operated by an officer end redic operators. 

The ship reports will be obtained by the center either from the aeritiae redic 
station or directiy from the ship. The reporting lenguage te Eaglieh, and the 
operating time will be GT. 

The aeers of communication te by telex. 

The center receives reports, sonitors the ship's reported sowement end trevweite 
the reports to other centers. 

Bvelustions besed on results during the test period will be used to examine the 
need for the syetes as well «8 to decide on 

cso: $200/2098 



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\vetland THE NEW ZEALAND HERALD in English § Jun #1 p 5 


Brisbane THE COURIER-MAIL in Engiltieh 20 May 81 p 14 

|Teat) The Prime Minteter’s Department had intervened 

te try te hewe 2900 ke of contaminated berremund! released 
for sale in Qeeeneland, the Leber MLA for Lytton, Mr Toe 
Burne,  laimed vesterday. 

He said the interference hed come after « telephone call from the department of 
Papua New Guinea's Prime Minieter, Sir Julies Chan. The fish was sent free 
Papua New Guines. 

Mr Burne said teats conducted by the State Gowernment's chemical laboratory 
had shown the berramund! to hawe 10 per cent gore than the elloweble saxiaun 
amount of sercury. 

The fish had been submitted for testing by the Customs Bureau. 

Mr Burne said the laboratory recetwed « telephone call from the Commonwealth 
Health Department asking it to check again. 

“They conducted gore teats and found exactiy the same thing-~the fish was sot 
fit for sale,” be eatd. 

Mr Burne claimed the Commomvesith spokesman told the laboratory they had « aee- 
sage from Canberra to say the berremund! gust be released. This hed followed 
& request from Sir Julius Chan's department. The fish would be worth about 

Mr Burne said another 2000 ke of Papuse New Guines barramundi hed now arrived in 
Brisbane after being rerouted from Swdney. 

He said the baerramund! was «till ender refrigeration at Murrerie and he had 
asked the State Health Minteter, Mr Awetin, to investigate. 

“I don't want that fish served ep on any table except the one at Parliament 
House in Canberra,” “r Burne said. 

A State Health Department «spokesmen confirmed yesterday that its chemical 
laboratories aed analysed the berramund! for the Customs Bureau but could not 
comment on the cesult. 


Melbourne THE ACT in Paglieh 2 Jun 61 p 23 
‘Articole by Nigel Wileen: “CRA Will Take Part in O11 Search Off Dampier") 

text) Awetralla’s biggest @ining house, CRA, is goving into high-cost oi) 
exploration off Western Australia. 

it is bellewed negotiations have been completed for CRA to take part in a gulti- 
eillten deller drilling programme off Dampier. 

eA would set comment veeterday, but it isa believed details will be iseaued 

shert ly. 

‘he @ewe is a Galfer etep for CRA which had scaled down its petroleum interests 

yd comcentrated on Gining and metal activities. Like gany sinning companies 

(8A does sot regard the huge coset of off-shore petroleum exploration as sanguinely 
ae deo ofl ompanies. 

the damper permit, efftetally described as permit WA 56 P, is inshore from the 
North Meet Shelf gee fleld. Legend Ne 1, which the old Burmah 011 Company 
iriiled te the ereas ta the 19606, produced « non-commercial of1 flow. 

~ perRit was awarded to the emall Perth-based group Stirling Petroleum in 1976 
which eubeequentiy drilled one dry hole and then farmed out to the well-connected 
anadian-owned group Hudbay Austraita. 

fee permir eres ie @ainly in relativey shallow water and is regarded by WA 
eeologtets as proepective for ofl rather than gas. 

Tienes ore for the @rillehip, Petramar North Sea, now refitting in Singapore, to 
reach the region tn the first week of July. 

tedbeaw te enderetoed to have farmed in on 17) blocks of the permit and can earn 
up to 85 per cent laterest through an extensive drilling programe. Presumably 
theese percentages will change if CRA joins the venture. 

“Sf ‘ 20 



SPEARFISHING BAN~--New regulations banning commercial spearfishing on the Great 
Barrier Reef of f central Queensland could help beat the crown of thorns star- 
fish infestation, Dr Robert Endean said yesterday. But the ban should be ex- 
tended to the whole reef to be effective, Dr Endean said when commenting on the 
new regulations tabled in Federal Parliament on Thursday. They implement the 
zoning plan for the Capricornia section of the Great Barrier Reef marine park. 
Dr Endean, reader in zoology at queensland University, said the legislation was 
long overdue. He said the crown of thorns were on their “second time around” 
aiong the reef. They had caused tremendous damage in the 19608, but moved away 
after the coral recovered. Now they were back again. Dr Endean said spear~ 
fishing had killed many groper and cod that ate the starfish. It was unfortun- 
ate the ban applied only to the Capricornia section at the southern end of the 
reef. Action should be taken in the Cairns, Innisfail and Townsville region, 
where the crown of thorns starfish has returned in large numbers. (| Excerpt) 

| Brisbane THE COURIER-MAIL in English 30 May 81 p 13) 

cso: $200 







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aleuttea THE STATESMAN in English 13 Jun 81 p 16 


CSO: $200/ 7056 


Manila BULLETIN TODAY in Engliah 7 Jun 61 pp 1, 11 

Text) Malolos, Bulacan, June 6=--Labor Minteter Blas F. Ople today said the na- 
tional government should now organize ite reso 'rces to protect, conserve, and de- 
velop ite 200-mile economic zone as declared in Presidential Decree 1599. 

The minister said the decree, litt . ©» ‘iced when it was promulgated in 1979, 
“enormously expanded the scope c %ur i»sponsibilities in protecting our economic 
and social ra,hte in surrounding »aters." 

Ople urged the immediate creation of a presidential inter-ministerial body to im- 
plement the law declaring a 200-mile economic zone in its political, economic, and 
social ramifications. , 

Ople keynoted the first national seminar on the control of illegal fishing attended 
by experts of the bureau of fisheries and aquatic resources at the Bulacan conven- 
tion center. 

To give meaning and reality to the declaration of the 200-mile econumic zone, Ople 
said, various minietries or agencies should organize a “total national capa ility," 
including the Philippine Navy, the Ministry of Natural Resources, the Ministry of 
Local Governments, and the Ministry of Transportation and Communications. 

Ople said fishermen in Iba, Zambales, have often complained of foreign poachers 
ramming their emall craft. 

Ople said the RP-US bases agreement has made possible a package of assistance to 
the Philippines which will accelerate the buildup of the country's coast guard 

The minister said the Ministry of Transportation and Communication should replace 
the present system of coastwise communication which has become ‘nadequate. "This 
is a hand-me-down from US forces in Vietnas which can no longer be efficiently 
serviced with spare parte,” ‘e said. 

CSO: 5200/4526 


Lest Berlin SPPMIRTSOCHAPT in German Vol 13 We 5, May 81 pp 247-250 

j|Article by Capt Georg Neasler, engineer, economist, chief inepector for maritime 
safety and pavigetion, VER Fishing Combine, Rostock: “The GDR's Deep-Sea Fishing 
and ite Possibilities Under the Changed Conditions of the 1980's") 

|Text) Third UN Sea Law Conference, which has been in seasion since 1973, is to 
terminate ite activities with the passage of 4 new sea law convention during the 
second hall of 1961. Seweral years will pase until ite entry inte force because 
the copvention must firet be ratified by 4 corresponding number of participating 
‘owntfies which fepresent a specifically determined ship tonnage inventory. This 
process ie of practical significance to ocean fishing only to the extent that the 
xpaneion of the national fishing sones froe 3} or 12 nautical miles to 200 nautical 
miles, which is to commence a6 of the etart of the conference, is to be approved 
ueder international law afterward by all coastal countries. The expansion of the 
fiehery limit te 200 nautical miles or the establishment of national fishing zones 
of economic somes was « particularly hard blow to countries which, because of 

heif short cosetlines, are dependent upon long-distance fishing; those countries 
slee include the GOR of euch other countries which do have a long coastline but 
vhoee coastal approaches do net contain eufficiently productive fishing grounds to 
met their fish needs. 

The buildup of the GOR's own ocean fishing fleet began in 1949 with Soviet heip, 
along with the construction of fishing porte and the improvement or new construction 
of a fish-processing industry. Fish was urgently needed {cr feeding the GR popu- 
lation, in @guch larger quantities than the beach and coastal fishermen vere able to 
catch along the GDR coset. There were, to be sure, rich stocks of fish in the 
fishing regions in the Baltic and the North Sea, off Iceland and off the Norwegian 
cowet, in the Barents Sea and in the rest of the Arctic Ocean. We need correspond- 
ing vessels, techniques, and abowe ali ekilled crews so that we might use thes for 
ithe GDR. We were able to place ewer larger and gore modern ships in service and 

we were able to deliver @ore and gore fish. The crews very soon operated their new 
equipment skillfully aed through their achievements contributed to the international 
recognition and respect given to the young republic. 

de were able to fish in ever sore productive although partly sore remote fishing 
grounds as 4 result of the fleet's growth, the use of larger, technically and tech- 
nologically gore sodern ships (for example, factory vessels and fishing flotilles 

with base vessels). In the Beginning, GOR fishing vessels were operating ome ivr 
sively in the Baltic and the Nerth Sea; between the siddie end the end of the fale 
ties they were already operating if 41) fHerthern Burepean fishing grounds and we 
began our first fishing cruises to the lishing grownds off Sewlowndland and Lab- 
rador, During the sixties, GDP [ishing vessels were already operating in a1) fiat 
ing grounds in the northern At tic and the Aretic Geean, ime luding the fishing 
regions off Greenland and the « «et of the United States. The first fishing eu- 
peditions were alee carried owl i Affican watere. The organisational structure of 
the GOR fishing fleet was adapted to fishing conditions tn serthers seritiae fre- 
W were geared toward catching and processing the 
hbiod of Cieh that wae in keeping with the pepuletion’s cemeumption habits. Theat 
iv luded quetly herring, epreate, cod, Norway haddock, Clownder, end sesiane. The 
verecls in our culter deepeaee [ishing component were operating in the Beltic and 
ihe North Sea while the loewgetenge e¢@an fishing weasels operated apetiy of f ice- 
iund, Greentend, Canada, the Voited States, a6 well ae the coset of Rerway a1) the 
way up toe Spitebergen and in the Barents Sea, in the se-celied remote regions. 
Fiehing operations in the individual regions depended on the intensity of the 
spawning and feeding conditions for the variows especies of fish and on environments) 
comditions, in ether words, they were heavily seasensliy taf lueenced, 

As an eapreseion of worldwide recognition for the GOR, ocean fishing conditions 
ong Other things alse changed. Joining the aajor international fishing conver- 
tions, in eddition te 4 series of positive results, aiee entailed certain reetric~ 
‘iome in Flehing peseibilittee dwe te the determination of catch quotes and other 
sures Fepulatiog the cateh voleme. Te aeke eure that these fishing restrict ions 
would oot hewe «© Segetive effect on the supply for the population, the yield free 
the Cieh cought wee lecreeased with the help of sew technologies end aodern aechines, 
for exemple, the waste deriving from the killing and filet-ceutting of fish was 
ri den od, 

By using @etete ioforgetion getheds aed equipment and through the bread involvement 
of scientific discowertes it wee possible te imprewe operational plenning further 
oe te we the weeeele to eeeh @ @enner that beth the cateh quotes were etilised 
to the @o8t cxteneive degree, while it wae alee possible to aeke optique use of 

ihe fishing Fregioms that were o8 yet still eweileble. ina seddition te further or 
gehizational @easures, crew rotation end the use of refrigereter and t(reaspert vee- 
eels led te better fleet genegement and thus to en increese in ite seeete Gur to « 
reduction in the time required for the round-trip as such. The consistent tapie- 
mntation of all of these Geesures and target~-oriented ideelogica: work With the 
~eanefishing «fews guaranteed «4 rich catch for aany years. 

in the Peropean afea, it wae ftiret of all leeland=-«@ cowetrw which liwes free fieh 
which during the early sixtics extended ite territerial waters free te if seu- 
tical giles, foellewed by 4 Wenautios! eile fishing sone and, im 1974, finally, « 
)00-neutical eile ec omemic some which te ot the oom tier «4 fishing sone. This one- 
sided geeeere, justified tin terags of the bielegicael threat te the fish setecks sround 
Iceelond and the demand to implement the emclesive setiona) etiliestion of live ocesn 
reeowroes fe that regies, at firet led te serious contreweretos with 411 fishing 
oommt oes which @ettll thee bad engaged in highly worthwhile fishing im the icelandic 
fishing grownds. te the course of the seasions of the Third UN See Law Conference, 

eo ot hem, wens ve { -epatome Che Ciehetiow bimite te 200 nau 
tical Giles, tmefeesingly prewetled with thelr Viewpeet, After other counttics 
(for exemple, the Vetted States, the EEC countries, Serway, and Sweden) likewioe 
eapended their fishing somes, the sociaiiet countries jivewiee bed te alter their 
views, which were aimed ageinel entireme expansions vf comes reserved exclusively 
for cosets) countries, end established their own fiehing sones, 

Tee @omend of (he geographically disadvantaged countries (which alee include the 
Te) te the effect that they showld get fiehing frighte from the surplus of other 
tal owetrlee= «be commected with the general fecegnition of the right of the 
eetei owetirfies te wttlize eean feaeureres if @ 20) eautical eile coastal approach 
oe (te the extent Chat Chie be geographically peeeibie) a8 well a8 their pledge 
lo ftegulete Clehing eed Co im lement Geaeutee designed to prevent excessive fishing 
sed protect fishing resources, Thie @eane that the share of the possible catch, 
which wee in edwance determined by « particular coastal country and which the latter 
wee Sot able iteelf te cateh, wee te be Gaede evel labie te othet countries, 

Aithowgh thie te Set vel generaliy Fecognived international law, there is today 
herdiy eny coweteal cowntry which hee fet established ite own fishing of economic 
some te Om )pametion with ite territorial water. In practice, the sebandongent of the 
bewic pie tiple ef “Cree Clehing,” eweh a6 it hed prevailed approniastely since 

t Pe ‘th  -optery, deweloped te the entent that, upon the establiehment of national 
fiehiog ceea, the  caetal countries independently exercise sovereign rights over 
simeoet af) fiehbing fegiome that bed been worked wntil now, that is to say, they 

we oo longer eubject te any international contrei. Thie geane that about 90 per 
ent of the hithert ‘otereationslly esed fieh etecke are sow under the national 
legislation of the perticular coeetal countries. Basically, each coastal country 
Seabee ite decisions om the beetle of ite own--often quite ineufficient--knowledge 
regerding the volume of the possible cateh and the surplus that sight possibly be 
dietributed it determines eccoréding to ite own estimate which countries it allows 
to fieh from the eerples in ite own fishing sone and ender what conditions. These 
comd it lems geetly tewelwe Che site end sugber of weasels allowed to fish, the nuaber 
of fiehing grownd daye per ship, deter@ination of restricted fishing areas and no- 
fiehing comes, restricted (ishing times, fieh lengths, determinations regarding 
fishing gear, o8 Weil 28 Supervisory and other seasures. 

in this commection we can increasingly clearly recognize 4 trend to the effect that 
the «oamtal countries, which already have 4 well-dewelopec cational fishing industry, 
however? aleo those other countries, which by virtue of their economic potential are 
in © pewitiom te build ep their own ocean fishing industry, are trying 46 soon as 
powsiblie fully te etilise the fish wealth off their own coasts themselves so that 
they oo longer ollew any foreign fishing wo eeele to enter their fishing sones. 

Theat inwelwes eapectally the European and American countries. For example, the 
United States hee already indicated that only very emall surplus quantities could 
we diatributed ower the seat several years. This is so even though the fishing 
grounds off the United States coast during the years prior to the establishment of 
fishing somes were included among the gost productive fishing grounds in the North 
\t lent i. -*areas that were being harvested by international fishing fleets. Com- 
pared to the total fishing volume, the volume caught by American fishermen was 
extremely email. 


lie Sitemt ian tm + bite Lh ler count fies whieh fer the time being d& wet heve 
the eCoe SE fen@th quicktiy te bulld ap @ @eterA fishing fieet with the «ertee= 
oowding suppert facilitiee (Liehing porte, repair yards, fish precessing plante, 
fieh trade, etc.) and which de fet hawe the Seceenery techwica! personnel te eper- 
ate the veesele and the suppert facilities in order te exploit the emieting fieh 
stocks if an economically and bielogically qeantngful fashion, 

The Tiehing somes of those countriee= primarily African countfles=-thus have @ real 
bin surplus. These countries, wWhese leng-fenge goal a8 4 fule likewiee invelves 
ie bulldup of @ etrong setional fishing indwetry, ere using their fish wealth by 
~ ) tog the Fishing Fight® te interested parties or by allowing and supporting the 
reation of @imed companies for fishing and for the processing of fish and other 

serine animale, 

Dering the @iddle of the seventiog, the expansion of the fisheries lisite in seat 
of the fishing grownde harvested by the GOR became G0 noticeable that the yield 
dropped by shout 40 percent compared to the earlier years. Net antil the ene of 
the ec ¥eotio® wae It possible, due te @ large umber of fishing-policy activities, 
mete to attate @ lewel whteh- «considering the fleet's organisational setrecture=- 
roughly corfespended te the lewel prier te the tntreduction of the new fishing 

open The lessen learned eo far, the lawestigations in the fishing-policy field, 
ie oepleretten and dewelopment of new cateh and production possibilities, and the 
ote poration of longerange development programe in recent yeare fore the foundat ian 
for the etretegy eed tactics of GOR fisheries policy during the eighties and guar~ 
mice the om@plowment of the GOR fishing fleet during that span of time. Considering 
ihe sotlcipated teternational fishing-policy dewelopments and ite own reproduct ion 
-opdit ions, the GDR ocean-fishing industry hae the following possibilities for 

guet ooteeiag the supply of the population with fieh and fish products during the 

eming veare: 

Even sore efficient utilisation of catch possibilities in ocean areas that are 
etill freely available; 

A stable opt ium (Ciehing syetes, in keeping with biological possibilities, ineti- 
tuted in the GOR's own fishing sone; 

The development of industrial fish production in coastal waters and increased { iah- 
ing in iniend leke waters, in the wetlands in our coastal districts, and the other 
inlend water bodies in the GDR; 

Stubilieotion ead expansion of invernational relations in order to obtein fishing 
righte tin the fishing fenese of other countries; and 

Active coofation in the cerrently exteting fishing conventions to preserve catch 
quotes for epecial epectes of fish in the saritime regions administered by these 

con ent iene, 

The possibilities for fishing operations in as yet freely available ooran regions 
are relatively limited. Ae far as we know today, they would include the waters 
in the Antaretic, in which the GOR fleet has been doing seasonal fishing for several 


yout), @@ well of parte of the seuthesetera Par it tc The long @letencee which 

mel be cowered here=- compared te the worth and eiddle Atlantic fishing grownde-- 
feeull tm considerable economic burdens te commertion with Ciehing operations. 

For the seke of the gost economical possible operetione it te secessery te wee lenge 
ond complen fletillas which hewe fleeting ef shore beeee for repel, reequipeent, 
ond fuel supply, o8 well a6 refvigereter weasels te femewe the fish thet wae caught 
ved thet wee subeequeetiy deepefresen, Another poesth. lity would be te awit & to 
decpet Tiehing grewnde outside the Ciehing seme. Sev-celled “deepeeee Cieh’ g” how 
evel entatle @ series of presently es yet unresolved problems and is connected with 
relatively heavy coat and great €ifficulttes, Compered te the fishing grewnde weed 
~ (let, we hewe eoormeue pressure increases wheee effecte on the fishing gear can 
wot wet be fully countered, We seed sew teehwnelogios end teehniques for lower ing 
ond reieing Clehing gear end for dragemetting «¢ great depths end we et1)) de aot 
have suf fictentiy reliable biological knowledge conceroing the possibilities of 
prodwetive fishing in deep ccoan regione. 

Fiehing operatiove in the Git's fiebiang somes in recent years seeumed incresring 
significance for the COR fiehing industry, eapectally efter the introduction of 
fishing somes tf the entire Baltic Sea. Priem te the tntreduction of the new fieh- 
ime limite, the eeeeel catch woleme (8 Che regten of the present dey GR f iahing 
comes amounted te shout one-third of the tetal catch volume of ocean fishing in the 
Bultic Seat todew, ebewt 9 percent of the GDRs Baltic Sea catch te annually put 
aehore trom that region. te edition we hawe the fact that we can get herring, 
which t® @e pepeler te the GOR, aleeet only from thet fiehing region sew. A weli- 
coordinated and far-sighted Cliehing policy will «lee help us keep fishing operat ions 
etvcedy tm thie fliehiag region io the fetere. Thies can be promoted especially by 
the following: 

Preduction of young Cieh through thy eetabitehment of reatricted fishing sones; 
hen on fiehing ond detereinetion of “intewe aeeh sire; 
Constant bielogical inepection of the productivity of owr fishing stocks; 

Coordination with other Baltic See countries in the contest of the Baltic Sea Fish- 
ing Commission. 

Right mow, imcreesing attention is being dewoted t« the development of induetrial 
fish predewction in coestel waters. Trowt breeding end carp production ender brackish 
watet conditions will be incressed from sewerel hundred to gore than « thowsand 

tome. The Geceeeery perecemel, financial, aeterial, end orgenicetionsl seasures 
hove been Lown hed ead the (iret production plants of thie kind ere working suc~ 
cowefully. te cenmecttion with the seed for the better etilisetion of cur own re- 
serves, We fe ces igning gore and gore significance to the republic's totel water 
reserves, the ponds, rivers, and lakes. In theese waters, yields ere being increased 
through imc reesed stocking with young fish, through the (aprovement of sanded or 
mud- logged iskes and ponds, and corresponding environmental protection seesures. 

The further iagprovement and consolidation of relations with other cosstel countries 
--among other things for the purpose of obtaining fishing opportunities in their 
fishing somes--aere of decisive igpertence in terms of the eaployeent of the GOR 

m» tieheng ties One Possibility would be te entet inte lishing treatios, On 
wit Deele, Credit ione) Fights could be claimed within certain time limite, and 
feo ipeecal ewrvices (Lor emample, sciemtificetectmical performance, biological and 
| ehingetocheique feseareh work, veeational training) #8 well a8 the purchase of 

fiehieg licensee could be agreed upon, 

oot powetbiisty Cor Clebiag te predwctive Clehing growndse in the fishing scones 
other (cwntrtes .ewelwee Che eetablieheent of joint, so-called “eined companies” 
‘eee alee the ortic le entitied “Statue and Prospects of Ocean Fishing,” No }, 1981, 
») © TSOMAPT) Various forme are possible here whereby the co#etal country a8 « 
witibutes the teitial capital and=«te the extent that they are in existence 
ihe ehete fectlittes and tseues permite for fiehing while the other country in 
ie eee batten @ehee the ships avallable. Thies te moatly connected with the re- 
quifement fer reeruiting « pertion ef ‘the crews for thoee ships from the coastal 
owetr euch @imed companies however gekes sense only if 
the Tiehiog some of Che coeetel country contains fiehing grownds which for any 
vate (eo com Cectlitete «a high yield. This gust toewelwe especies of fish which can 
~ towdily eold en the world gerket because gerketing ie handied by the company 
oe the tome ef the capiteliet garket economy. Naturally, this aleo includes « 
(hoe e of of hor prerequiattes, eapeetally regarding the stationing of fishing ves- 
ihre we ore presently on virgin territory in the fishing industry and we 
| pother the mcessary experience. 

i youre, «© certate ohare of the catch wae guaranteed on the basis of re- 
iyo ottes, for example, Chreugh gutual exchange of fish caught, through the 
i treditiowel fiehing cighte, of the purchase of fishing licenses; so tar 
Los pet been posaible to obtain fishing rights through the formation of a sixed 
‘pany The Megotiating partoere either introduced demands that could not be set 
r the economic and Clehing prerequisites for the establishment of the company did 
oot offespond to the objectives of both partners. Sometimes the establishwent of 
» Sixed company however simply failed because of the legislation of the particular 
oeetal cowntry in whose fishing sone the GDR is interested. 

oother kied of ioternational cooperation in fishing involves fishing operations 

” & coptract beeis for individual foreign companies in their fishing zone. This 

owolwes @ kind of service which is paid for by a part of the fish caught. The 
spany gete the fiehing license from ite government. 

wrion the «oming years, the GDR fishing fieet will be further rebuilt. New unite 
«il th pleeced te service and obsolete veesele will be taken out of the inventory. 
That towelwes eet only long-distance fishing vessels but also the cutter fleet, 
which ts aeed geinly in the GOR fishing sone. With the support of the party leader- 
ship ond the gowernment, the republic's ocean fishing industry is carrying out the 
» of @eceRReTY to guarantee the utilization of the fishing fleet. Through 

teeoir complexity, these measures enable us to aske sure that the GOR ocean fishing 
industew will in the future Iikewiee be able to supply the fish needed for feeding 
the population, considering international fishing-policy developments. 

CSO: 2 900/242 


OL SPTLA FINE REDUCTION=-The $40,000 fine imposed on the captain of the cruise 
scip Veendam just three weeks ago for epillimg etl tar the Great Sound wae 
yesterday quashed. Describing the fine handed down by ‘agietrate the Wor. K. ©, 
Nedarajah as “excessive” the Chief Justice the Hon. James Astwood instead 
ordered that a 55,000 fine be paid. The captain of the Veendam, Cormelius 
Hoenderos, 55, wae found guilty of causing the two 0-feot~-long black slicks on 
April 20 while hie ship was anchored off King’s Point, Alpha teland. On behal’ 
of the ehip and Hoenceros, Mr Coles Diel, appealed the penalty. Yesterday Mr 
Astwood upheld the appeal, saying that the slicks were caused by accident and 
not @iechief. “The evidence does not disclose « deliberate act of pumping or 
the dumping of ofl inte the Great sound,” he eaid. “The highest that the case 
can be put is that the epillage cceurred through the careleseness of the ship's 
crew in falling to inepect the discharge vales to have them kept free o' debris.” 
te compared the $40,000 fine with fines teposed last year @m the ships Alert and 
Kilmelford for similar offences--they vere fined $4,000 and $500 respectively. 
‘Text) [Hamilton THE ROYAL GAZETTE in Bnglieh 3 Jun 81 p 3) 

CSO: 5200 


Leen) TERRITORIAL WATERS VIOLATION--The Mintetry of Justice has announced that on 
il February 198) Angolan authorities in charge of patrolling our coastal waters 
vad detected the Iraqi beat “Al Rasese” fishing within our territertal waters of f 
Nocenedes. The captain of thie fliehing beat hed been emable to present the 
necessary eutherization. Angolan esutherities went to court, and the trial opened 
at the Sh Lewede Criminal Court on § Jame. Ase « result, the qmer of the ship 
wae ‘leed 275),080,000 kwanees. The boat wae seized by order of the court and ts 
now in the Leande barber. The sentence alee ewerded to the Angolan estate the 
boat's cateh emounting te 6)? tone of fish and 75 tone of fish aeal. Fishing 
equipment wae alec confiscated. The shipowner's lawyer is appealing the sentence. 
Judge Joe Alwee Monteiro was the presiding aagietrete. [Text) [Luanda JORNAL DE 
ANGOLA in Portuguese 14 Jun 61 p i) 

cso: $200 

Abidjan PRATERNITE MATIN in French 2) Jun 81 p } 
|Article by Desire Gnangnan: “Preservation of Maritime Resources™ |} 

itxcerpt) A garitiae cooperation agreement was signed yesterday between the Ivory 
Coast end the lelamic Republic of Mauritania. 

benie Nioupin, director for international cooperation at the Ministry of Foreign 
Allaire. and Hamouwd Ould Ely, Mauritanian embassador to the Ivory Coast, signed the 
doc uament. 

This cooperation agreement between our country and Mauritania concerns the asarine 
environment, coastal sones and neighboring interior somes under the jurisdiction 
of Weet African and Central African countries, from Meuritania to Namibia. 

The general provisions of this agreement indicate that the two parties can conclude 
bilateral and eultilateral agreewents, including regional and subregional agree- 
ments aimed at ensuring the protection of their aarine environment and of the 
coastal areas of Central and West Africa. 

Te this end, « research, study and evaluation program couid be carefully prepared 
and weed to preserve our saritine resources. 

Moreover, the agreement stipulates that the two parties sust adopt 411 appropriate 
measures conforming to international law to prevent, reduce, combat and achieve-- 
within the area sentioned in the agreement--pollution in all its aspects: pollution 
from ships, pollution deriving from their submersion operations, pollution of 
telluric origin and pollution resulting from activities connected with the explora- 
tion and exploitation of the sea bottom and its underground. 

cso: $200 


Reyk javik MORGUNBLADID in leelandic 12 Jum 8! p 

[Text] leeland and Belgium signed « treaty yeeterdsy modifying Belgium's 
fishing permit within leeland's economic sone. The mein changes involve « 
O-ton cut in Belgium's annual quote for thie year and « 600-ton cut for 

next year. The catch can be landed only in Belgiue. Purthermore, Belgiue 
agreed to considerably stricter monitoring sions than were included in 
the 1975 pact and to narrower fishing areas. They sleo agreed to let the 
fishing permite of Belgian trawlers, which were revoked on the firet of the 
month, teke affect again on 15 July. Between then end the end of the year they 
are permitted to catch up to 2,000 tons, 200 of which can be cod. 

The following changes and additions were made to the 1975 pact: Belgian vessels 
will be prohibited from landing their catch from icelandic fisheries other 
then in Belgium. Cod quest be seperated from other species on board. The 
Coast Guard will obtain detailed information on the size and capacity of the 
Belgien trawlers’ storage espace in order to make it easier to gauge the 

catch on board. 

The Coast Guard will receive daily reports about the cod quote and the overall 
catch as well. 

The jobs of inspectors whom Iceland might send to monitor the catch of Belgien 
vessels coming from Icelandic fishing grounds will be facilitated. Belgien 
trawlers are obliged to dock at the closest harbor in Iceland if the Coast 
Guard considers it necessary for checkup purpoers. 

In the event that « Beigian trawler is found guilty of « major violation of 
the pact, it can be deprived of ite fishing permit temporarily or, in the case 
of a second offense, persanently. 

Belgium will not be permitted to fish in fishery IV (Selwogebenki) in March, 
April and May and in fishery ¥ (southeast of the Reykjenes Peninsula) in 
April. Until the end of thie year Belgium will be allowed to catch up to 
2,000 trons. The cod catch can newer exceed 10 percent of « boat's total catch 
on any one trip during thet period. Belgium is permitted to resume fishing on 
1S July. On | January 1962, the annual quote of Belgien trewlers will be 
reduced from the present 5,000 tons to 4,400 tons. 


The allowed cod catch is 25 percent of the total catch on each fishing trip. 

Jon L. Arnalds, winietry director, wae asked whether thie amounted to |, 100 
tone and, therefore, an increase in Belgium's cod quote, which was only 750 
tons before the agreement. He said that thie was, im fact, not th case, as 
the Belgian trawlers did not catch cod on most of their fishing trips, and 
therefore, cod constitutes only five percent of the overall catch. When they 
did catch cod, however, it never exceeded 25 percent of the totel catch. Thus, 

the proportion of cod to the overall catch is expected to remain at about 15 

Prime Minister Olafur Johannesson signed the pact om behalf of leelend, and 
Jacques Vernar, the Belgian embassador to Iceland, signed on behalf of Belgiuna. 

cso 5200/ 2096 


Reyk jevik MORCUNBLADID in icelandic 6 Jun 6! p 2) 

[interview with Ambessedor Hane C. Andersen about the Jen Mayen agreement, 
the Rocksl! eres and the Lew of the Sea , date and plece not 
speci fied) 

{Text} “Thie will be che firet time thet such an agreement, 

At the beginning of the interview with 
the Jan Mayen agreement meant thet « 
been established thet could be of major consequence eleewhere. His 
anewer wes: 

[Anewer)] The besic etenderd in thie kind of territorial division is to set 
@ goal for « reasonable solution. Very often the middle line is reasonable, 
and thet quest be considered under special circumstances. Thus, it was « 
question of reaching « just solution. There ere so limits on methods as 
long es the perties agree. We hewe examples of autual development, for 
exemple eround Japan and Maleysiea, but the cases differ so auch in vuorious 
respects that no genera! conclusions cou be reached. 

The Jan Mayen Committee agreed to pey special attention to the emell size 
of the island and to take into eccownt that Iceland does not heave access 
to oil ereas, and these viewpoints resulted in the agreement thet 

Theses, « widdle line would only give ws 145 ailes, and with 200 ail 
25,000 square kilometers in eddition. Moreower, the 

divided in balf. I think | cam say for sure thet it would be difficult 
find two other nations thet could have agreed on that. I end Jens EBvensen 
to get slong, end 

heve known each other for 30 years and always been able 
at wes certainly « pleasure for both of us to work 

Elliot Richardson, who hae « Chorough knowledge of the Law of the Sea 
ieeves and showed complete objectivity and kindness. 

(Question) Will thie solution set an example for other agreements?! 

[Anewer) Firet of all it wae an example of how to solve delicate problems 
with good will and close cooperation. Tne solution iteeli will probably gain 
much attention and be useful for those who are handling similar iseves, many 
of which will certainly come up in the near future. 

|\Question) How does thie solution fall within the framework of the Law of 
the Sea pact? 

|Anewer| It is very quch ie keeping with the pact and the standards on which 
it is based, ae the etetes involved are expected to try to reach en agreement 
and aim for a fair solution. And the moet difficult part is to decide what 
ie fair. That ie the big question. At any rate, thie is an important 
exemple of how to look at and resolve these issues. 

[Question) Does the draft say anything about « similar solution’ 

‘Anewer) It i6 Crue that nowhere in thie enormous draft is there mention 
of the options for joint ownership or qutual development. This option is 
obviously more advantageous for us than to argue over « special dividing 
line owteide the 200 miles, in which case most of the resource area would 
have been granted to Norway. 

|\Question) Has thie particular solution ever been discussed during any of the 
many conferences that have been held over the past 10 or 15 years? 

|Anewer, Wo, this is the firet time that such an agreement based on the draft 
has been reached, and it quet be considered « major breakthrough in the 
handling of these iseves. We should be happy about it and we must not forget 
that we will have future discussions ebout ocean floor sreas. 

it is @ mejor eeeet for use to have this solution in hand. And there is no 
dowbt that Britain, Leeland and Denmark will etudy the documents thoroughly. 
it would certainly be gratifying if we cowld work in the same spirit towards 
the solution of the Rockall issue during the upcoming discussions. The 
parties concerned are friendly sister countries that are obliged to seek 

® just solution, in accordance with all of the circumstances. 

|\Question| Wheat would you say about the Law of the Sea Conference itself? 
|Anewer| As news reports have indicated, activities were supposed to end 
this year, but the U.S. delegation felt it had to reconsider its stand and, 

in fact, they didn't want to hold the next meeting until next year. 
Nevertheless, we all agreed to hold « meeting in Geneva this summer. 


The U.S. delegation is working hard on ite investigations and will cooperate 
with other delegations during the Auguet meeting. 

Buc they have declared many times that their investigations will not be over 
before thie meeting and perhaps not until late thie year. 

[Question] Are many amendments expected from them? 

[Anewer) The main point for ue is that we do not expect changes concerning 
territorial waters, the economic sone and the continental shelf, but rather 
in connection with the international seabed beyond the abovementioned areas. 
The original aim wae to utilize thie area for the developing countries. 

Seeing to this resource development hase always been considered the task of 
a special international institute, but initially and for a long time the 
developing countries demanded that the industrialized nations provide 
money and technology for their free use at the institute. 

This was not agreed to, and we have spent time seeking a reconciliation, 

so that industrial firme can participate in the development on their own. 

The main pointe that the U.S. delegation is making in this regard are that 

too many concessions have been made in thie matter, that the institute has 

too much power, even to exclude corporations, and that the companies involved 
do not have enough guarantees for satisfactory profits on their investments and 
efforts and could even lose all their money. And of course the fear that 

this might happen blocks all activity. This is aleo a matter of the power 

of the institute to control production because of the mineowner's interests 
and various other things. 

[Question] When will this end? 

[Answer] As I said before, activities are scheduled to end this year, and most 
people are of the opinion that everything can be brought to a conclusion next 
year. Of course it would have been desirable to conclude these issues this 
year. But if others want to discuss issues that are of little importance to 
us for a while longer, then we might as well agree. 

[Question] Ien't this all rather tiring and boring? 

[Anewer] Perhaps it is a bit boring at times but we mustn't forget that it is 
gratifying to participate in activities on which much progress has been made, 
especially for us in Iceland, and thie is progress that can never be taken 
away from us. 


» _ 


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= © 2 ee oe 
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LBest copy available ) 

The rectangle represents the area on which agreement wae reached. 

cso 4200 / 2096 


USSR ACCEPTS 200-MILE DOME BEGULATIONS--The Sewlet Union hee dropped ite reserve: 
tiene regarding the Borwegten decleton te esteblich « 200-neution| -eile economic 
sone around jan Maven, Poreian Minteter Knut Prydenivued told NORSKE TELAEGRANBYR. 
Frvdesivued sees Chie ae confirmation thet the egreement Norway reached with leel and 
jest veer om the eetedi letment of the Cleherics sone wee Geceeeery and correct. 

The Soviet @eclelon qpane thet Norwegian regulations cowering catches end other 
activities to the economic sone end on the seabed will be reapected by the Sevier 
Vnies. Ae far as Ciehing te concerned, quotes end regulations will be discussed by 
the Norwegian-Soviet ‘‘sherles commission Which deale with euch questions a0 catches 
in the Merente Ses (Text) [LDI8102) Osle APTENPOSTER in Norwegien 1) Jun 6) 

p 26) 

CSO: 5200/2097 iD