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6 JUNE 1986 

China Report 




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6 JUNE 1986 






Vice Foreign Minister Interviewed on ‘International Peace Year' 
(Yang Chaoling, Feng Lidong; LIAOWANG, No 11, 17 Mar 86)...... 1 

XINHUA Notes U.S. Support for CGDK Proposal 
CHI, 2B FRR GE) ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccsccccccccese 3 


RENMIN RIBAO on Vietnam's Refusal To Leave Cambodia 
(Huang Ping; RENMIN RIBAO, 28 Apt 86)........ccceeceeeceeeeees , 

RENMIN RIBAO Comments on New Philippine Government 
(Gui Tongchang; RENMIN RIBAO, 28 Apr 86)......ceeeeecctenecees 7 


Finnish Newsmen in Traffic Fracas 
Ulanhu Meets Turkish Delegation 

wo © 


Hu Yaobang Writes Title for Party History Book 


(XINHUA Domestic Service, 20 Apr 86)........e00. weTTTrrrrre rr 10 
Deng Pufang on Humanitarianism, Disabied People in China 

(Kao Yu; CHING PAO, No 105, Apr 86)... ccccccccccceces ccccces 12 
Endowment for Doctorate Programs Established 

(Yu Yongzheng; ZHONGGUO JIAOYU BAO, 8 Mar 86).......eceeeeees 16 

Book on Chinese Youth 17 

Engels Pictorial Biography 17 



Historical Figure Cited on Learning From West 


(Shi Xuanyuan; WENHUI BAO, 23 Sep 85)...... on 6o8 544560046406 18 
Paper Notes Importance of CPC Image 

(JIRPANG RIBAD, 6 Mov BS). cccccccccccccccccccccces eoccccccces 22 
Shanghai Forum on Reform of Ideology, Theory Education 

(JIEFANG RIBAO, 8 Nov 85)... ccccccccccccccccccccccceccccccces 25 
Shanghai Meeting Discusses Lenin's Thoughts 

(Gong Xiaorong; JIEFANG RIBAO, 8 Nov 85)...ccecccccccccsenecs 27 
Party Reorganization Guiding Group Formed in Fujian 

(FUJIAN RIBAO, 15 Dec 85)... ..ccccecccccees eccccccccccccccese 28 
XINHUA News Agency Xiamen Subbranch Inaugurated 

(XIAMEN RIBAO, 22 Dec 85). .ccccccccccccccccccccccccscccsccces 31 
Cadres Involved in Speculation To Stand Trial 

(Li Qiusheng; WENHUI BAO, 21 Jam 86)....ccceeecceeccccccccees 33 

Shanghai Provides Political Training 36 

Shakespeare Festival Presents Play 36 

Shanghai Party Propaganda School Opens 37 


He Huanfen, Deputy Mayor of Wuhan Profiled 

(ZHONGGUO, No 3, 1986)... .ccccceeescccveseevesscesvesessecene 38 

Henan Cadres Sent to Grassroots Level for Investigation, Research 
(Liu Chuanhe; HENAN RIBAO, 10 Jan 86).....ccccccccccccccccces 

Propaganda Work Stressed at Henan Conference 
(Zhang Jing; HENAN RIBAO, 28 Jan 86)......cccccccccccccccees 

Henan Holds Rural Ideological, Political Work Forum 
(Henan Provincial Service, 24 Apr 86)......ccccccccccccccces 

Hunan People's Congress Standing Committee Meets 
(Hunan Provincial Service, 28 Apr 86)......ccceccccccccccees 

Two Officials Removed From Posts 
Henan Holds Forum 
Guangxi People's Congress Session Concludes 
Hubei Schedules People's Congress Session 
Death of CPPCC Member 
CPPCC Member Li Dies 


Regulations To Enhance Ideology, Work Style Formlated 
(GUIZHOU RIBAO, 26 Jan 86).......cccccceccees a eccccccecccece 

Provincial Organs Lead Party Rectification 
(GUIZHOU RIBAO, 30 Jan 86) ..ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccce 

Nonpermanent Provincial Orgars Streamlined 
(Pu Defu; GUIZHOU RIBAO, 22 Feb 86)......... cc cccccccccccce 

Party Discipline Inspection Goals Discussed 
(Chen Nengwen; SICHUAN RIBAO, 11 Mar 86)......crccecccsneees 

Resolution Calls for Improved Leadership Style 
(YUNNAN RIBAO, 29 Mar 86)......ccccccccccceccccccens ccccccece 


Reform, Party Style Rectification Discussed 
(BEIJING RIBAO, 10 Mar 86)... cc ccccccccccccccccccccccccecs 

Commission Adopts Five Party Style Improvement Indicators 
(TIANJIN RIBAO, 4 Mar 86)......cccscececscveess ccc ccccccccces 

Discipline Inspection Commission Meets 
Importance of Indicators Stressed 




















Secret of Deng Xiaoping's Longevity Given 
(LIAONING RIBAO, 4 Jan 86)..... ccc cece ewe c eee eecccccccccccce 69 

Liaoning Commends Units for Implementing Intellectuals Policy 

Liaoyang Builds Managerial Cadre Training Base 
(Sun Hao, Chu Shaoyan; LIAONING RIBAO, 27 Jan 86)............ 71 

Strengthening of Auditing Work Discussed 
(Wang Ke; JILIN RIBAO, 17 Oct 85)... .. ccc cece ccc c cece ee eeee 72 

Need for Policy on Intellectuals Reaffirmed 
(HEILONGJIANG RIBAO, 3 Jan 86)........... eccccccccccccccceces 75 

Harbin Promotes Vocational Education 
(Li Zhenmin, Wang Yan; HARBIN RIBAO, 9 Jan 86).........20e00- 77 

Resolution on Strengthening Ideological-Political Work 
(SHAANXI RIBAO, 15 Feb 86)......... ecccccccccccccce eccccccoce 79 

Work Report of Shaanxi's Higher People's Court 
(Liu Mingxin; SHAANXI RIBAO, 20 Mar 86)...... ecccccccccccccce 89 

Provincial Party Committee Reports on Party Rectifications 
(Ji Xiaoyang; GANSU RIBAO, 21 Mar 86)........ Shee uweseeseeess 92 


Food Management Problems in PLA Units Reported 

(MING PAO, 24 Mar 86)......ccceeeeees eee cecesccceccccesccose 94 
General Staff's He Qizong Interviewed 

(BAOKAN WENZHAI, 4 Feb 86).......... Soe ccecccecececccecceseses 96 
Anhui MD Commander on Militia, Reserve Work 

(Li Yuanxi; ANHUI RIBAO, 27 Mar 86)......eeeeeees TeeTrTTTTire 98 
Unhealthy Trends in Sichuan Military District Corrected 

(Wei Zhiquan, et al.; SICHUAN RIBAO, 26 Jan 86).........-006- 101 
Sichuan Steps Up Demobilization of Cadres —_ 

(SICHUAN RIBAO, 2 Feb 86)...... coccecce ccc ccccccecccccccceccce 102 

Sichuan Student Pilot Recruitment Begins 


Gansu MD Commander on Reserve Building 

(Zhou Yuechi; GANSU RIBAO, 10 Mar 86)........... Seeeeneewee es 

Shanghai Garrison PAFD Transfer 


Government's New Strategy Toward Heug Kong Described 
(Chiang T'ien-hsiang; CHING PAO, No 105, Apr 86)............ 

Defense Ministry To Discharge Regular Servicemen Early 
(Taipei Domestic Service, 1 May 85)... .cccccccccccccsecieees 


Reportage on Drafting Basic Law 
(Xian Shaanxi Provincial Service, 28 Apr 86; LIAOWANG 

Overseas Edition, No 17, 28 Apr 86)....ccccccccccccccceeceess 

Committee Members Feted 
Li Hou on Drafting of Basic Law, by Liu Hao 

PRC Pledges Assistance in Immigration Matters 
(Terry Cheng, Stanley Leung; SOUTH CHINA MORNING POST, 

BS AME BB) cccccccccccccccece ace ccrccccccccceececccceccccose 



Beijing LIAOWANG [OUTLOOK] in Chinese No 11, 17 Mar 86 pp 10-11 

[Article by staff reporters Yang Chaoling [2799 2600 1545] and Feng Lidong 
[7458 4539 0392]: "Vice Foreign Minister Qian Qichen on Peace, Disarmament, 
and Opposition to Hegemonism" } 

[Text] The Chinese People's Mass Rally for Safeguarding World Peace will be 
held in Beijing on 21 Marcn. China's party and government leaders will attend 
the mass rally and make important speeches. The Chinese government and the 
Chinese people are extremely interested in the activities of International 
Peace Year. On the eve of the mass rally we interviewed Qian Qichen [6929 
0366 3819], vice minister of foreign affairs and vice chairman of the China 
Organizing Committee for International Peace Year. He issued a statement on 
the questions of peace, disarmament, and opposition to hegemonism. The 
content of his statement follows: 

Peace--It Requires Joint Efforts From People 

On 24 October last year, at a plenary session of the United Nations to 
commemorate the 40th anniversary of its founding, a declaration on 
International Peace Year was solemnly passed, and it was decided that 1986 
would be International Peace Year. This was a very significant event. Since 
its founding in 1945, this will be the first time for the United Nations to 
engage in such an activity. In these 40 years, although turmoil in the world 
has never ceased, when all is said and done a war on a world scale has not 
occurred. This has given people 40 years of world peace. Faced with today's 
constantly changing international events, people raise this question: To the 
end of this century, in the next 40 years, in the next century, can peace 
continue to be safeguarded? At this time, the United Nations has proposed the 
launching of International Peace Year activities, a proposal that really 
reflects the common aspirations of the world's people. 

The activities of this peace year are not just nongovernmental matters. The 
United Nations has called on the governments of all its member countries to 
take an active part in them. Thus, in scale and effect, these activities will 
be greater than those of International Youth Year, World Disabled People Year, 
and World Forest Year, which were conducted by the United Nations in the past. 

Attaching full importance to these activities, tl 2 Chinese Government has set 
up the China Organizing Committee for International Peace Year, composed of 
responsible persons of government departments and mass organizations as well 
as public figures from all quarters, totaling more than 40 persons. The 
Chinese Government will also engage in large-scale activities of various 
forms. We believe that the activities of International Peace Year will 
mobilize the world's people to take vigorous action to strengthen unity, make 
joint efforts, and adopt various forms demanding that the superpowers stop the 
daily escalating arms race, and stop their aggressive expansionism in various 
parts of the world and their interference in the international affairs of 
other countries. Only in this way can world peace be safeguarded. 

United Nations Should Play a Greater Role 

The establishment of the United Nations reflected the yearning of the world's 
people for international, lasting peace after the war. The purpose of the 
"Charter of the United Nations" is to safeguard world peace and _ security, 
prevent aggression, develop friendly relations, and promote international 
cooperation. It also set forth the principles for all countries of 
sovereignty and equality, noninterference in internal affairs, nonuse of 
military power or threat of military power to violate the territory or 
independence of other countries, and peaceful resolution of international 
disputes. Even if the United Nations in the past has made errors and at 
present has its own defects and weak points, today, when all is said and done, 
it has become the international organization with the widest representation, 
strongest influence, and biggest scale. It has become an important position 
for Third World countries to launch diplomatic struggle and an international 
forum for them to expound their own views. Therefore, in reflecting the 
contemporary world's public opinion, the will of the people, and the trends of 
social develoment, the United Nations plays an irreplaceable role. Some 
important resolutions of the United Nations in recent years, for example the 
resolutions on the questions of Kampuchea, Afghanistan, the Middle East, 
South Africa, and Central America, fairly fully reflect the aspirations of 
the people of all countries. They are just and reasonable, and for this 
reason have often been opposed and obstructed by the superpowers. With 
respect to the safeguarding of international peace, China hopes that, and 
gives support to, the United Nations, with its 159 member countries, will be 
able to become stronger day by day and fully play its role. 

Prevent Nuclear War, Achieve Nuclear Disarmament 

In the contemporary world, everybody talks about peace. Then how can peace be 
safeguarded? If one speaks about fighting a world war, then, looking around 
the globe, only the two superpowers, which have large amounts of nuclear 
weapons, have the capabilities and qualifications for fighting a world war. 
This is not a subjective conjecture and is also not a deliberate exaggeration, 
but is a real, objective fact, which is generally acknowledged by the common 
people. The superpowers possess nuclear weapons that could destroy the globe 
several times over. Even if they were to reduce their nuclear weapons by 
half, they still would have the nuclear strength to destroy the human world. 
The Soviet Union and America have stated this point themselves. In the joint 
statement issued at the U.S.-Soviet summit talks in Geneva last year, it was 

written: "The two sides realize that any conflict between the Soviet Union 
and America could have disastrous consequences." 

Therefore, as early as October 1964, when our country tested its first atomic 
bomb, it declared to the world: We advocate a total ban on and thorough 
destruction of nuclear weapons and we commit ourselves, at any time and under 
any circumstances, not to be the first to use nuclear weapons. We have 
consistently advocated that) America and the Soviet Union take the lead in 
stopping the testing, production, and improvement of nuclear weapons, in order 
to create conditions for the convening of an international conference on 
nuclear disarmament, in which all nuclear countries would take part and would 
have wide-ranging representations. 

On 15 January this year, Soviet leader Gorbachev made the proposal that within 
15 years there would be a three-step total destruction of nuclear weapons. On 
24 February, American President Reagan suggested in a letter in reply that 
medium-range guided missiles be eliminated within 3 years. It looks as if the 
two sides agree on the reduction of nuclear weapons, and both profess that 
their final goal is the elimination of nuclear weapons. This, of course, is 
positive. A careful analysis shows that in reality the differences between 
the two sides are large. For example, in preconditions, specific ways of 
counting nuclear weapons, as well as areas involved, and so forth, there are 
many different formulations. We welcome the conducting of sincere talks by 
America and the Soviet Union. If they can reach agreement on the widespread 
reduction of nuclear weapons, this would be advantageous to world peace and 
would not harm the security and interests of other countries. 

Support the Struggle of the Third World Countries and Peoples 

Third World countries often suffer from direct military aggression, or are 
oppressed by power politics, and even become the battlegrounds and sacrificial 
objects of big nations that are scrambling for supremacy. We oppose 
imperialism, colonialism, and racism. We support the just struggles of Third 
World countries for national liberation and national independence. We see 
that the meddling and intervention of the superpowers cause many countries to 
suffer the misery of conflict, turmoil, and economic difficulties. The "hot 
spots" existing in some areas have become a serious threat to peace and 
stability. Therefore, to safeguard world peace we must oppose hegemonism and 
power politics. No matter what country pursues hegemonism and power politics, 
in the contemporary world it will be unpopular. 

Speaking of safeguarding peace, the peace movement by people of various 
countries of the world is a force that cannot be ignored. Even though there 
are different sects and different trends in the peace movement, they all 
reflect the people's fundamental aspiration for peace. "Tiny streams converge 
into a river." The people's peace organizations of all countries can play 
their own role in safeguarding world peace. We hope that the peace 
organizations of all countries can work hard together to make their own 
contributions to safeguarding world peace. 

China Is a Force Safeguarding Peace 

The Chinese people ardently love peace, and China needs peace the most. Our 
country is now engaged, from top to bottom, in the great cause of building 
socialist modernization. A lasting international peace environment is an 
indispensable condition for ouilding this modernization. 

For the purpose of self-defense China has conducted limited nuclear tests. 
But we made the earliest statement on not being the first to use nuclear 
weapons, and we promised that we would not use nuclear weapons against 
nonnuclear countries and regions. We advocate the total ban on and the 
thorough elimination cf nuclear weapons. These positions of ours are gaining 
more and more support from countries and peoples. 

China advocates disarmament and has taken practical steps in this regard. We 
are reducing the number of military personnel by 1 million. Many of China's 
military industry enterprises ire switching to the production of civilian 
consumer goods. Military airfields and ports are being opened to civilian 
use. The units are vigorously training dual-purpose talents for the armed 
forces and the localities. All of these things are practical contributions 
made by China to world peace. 

None of the things China has done to safeguard world peace has been done for 
expediency, but rather they have proceeded from the fundamental interests of 
the Chinese people and the world's people, and have been done for the purpose 
of our country's construction of socialist modernization and for the peace and 
tranquillity of tie world. With close to a fourth of the world's population, 
China is a factor for peace and is a force for safeguarding world peace. 
China's strength means that the factors for peace are growing, and this can 
only ve advantageous to peace. The more China develops in strength and 
prosperity the more powerful are the forces for safeguarding peace. In 1974, 
representing the Chinese government at the United Nations rostrum, Comrade 
Deng Xiaoping declared that China would never seek hegemony and would never 
become a superpower. This is still China's national policy. 

CSO: 4005/665 


0W0O21143 Beijing XINHUA in English 1100 GMT 2 May &6 

[Excerpts] Hong Kong, 2 May (XINHUA)--Both ASEAN and the United States were 
convinced that the new eight-point proposal put forward by the Coalition Govern- 
ment of Democratic Kampuchea (CGDK) was a "step forward," according to a report 
reaching here quoting a U.S. senior official at Bali, a resort island in Indo- 

Briefing reporters yesterday after U.S. President Ronald Reagan's meeting with 
the six 1>reign ministers of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), 
U.S. Secretary cf State George Shultz said a position paper issued by the United 
States had urged Hanoi to look at the proposal again. He added chat if a 
peaceful sol ation could be found "the United States could then constructively 
participate in a broad international reconstruction effort in Kampuchea." 

The CGDK's eight=-point proposal, disclosed in mid-March, calls for a two- 
phase troop pullout by Vietnam from Kampuchea and the formation of a four-party 
coalition governmunt including the Hanoi-installed Heng samrin regime. 

Shultz said the United States also voiced full support for a three-point pro- 
gram to isolate Vietnam economically and diplomatically unitl it agrees to end 
‘ts 8-year old occupation of Kampuchea and to do everything possible to help 
the Kampuchean resistance. 

The program, advanced by ASEAN, is to assist the resistance forces while 
simultaneously preparing for a political solution consistent with ; ° principles 
of ASEAN on the Kampuchea problem. He said the Soviet Union faced a dilemma 
because so long as it backed Vietnam's occupation of Kampuchea it could not 
have good relations with ASEAN, but if it dropped Hanoi it would io longer 

have the same influence in the area. 

Reagan, making a 3-day stopover in Indonesia -n his way to the Tokye economic 
summit, held talks with the Southeast Asian foreign ministers and Indonesian 
President Suharto yesterday. Thetalks focused on critical economic problems. 

The Reagan-ASEAN talks also covered the problem of terrorism. The ASEAN offi- 
cials said they backed Reagan's campaign for international action against terror- 
ism, but withheld support for the U.S. bombing raid on Libya. 

Reagan left Bali teday for Tokyo. 

CSO: 4000/266 


HK300423 Beijing RENMIN RIBAO in Chinese 28 Apr 86 p 6 

/"Jottings" by Huang Ping [7806 1627/: "Refusing To Turn Back Before Bumping 
Against a Wall"/ 

/Text/ Several days ago, Vietnamese Foreign Affairs Minister Nguyen Co Thach 
asserted before a group of reporters that "no political solution can be found 
to the Cambodian issue before 1990." He categorically added that "Vietnam will 
not withdraw its troops from Cambodia because of its present economic 

Nguyen Co Thach's remarks have explicitly indicated to the world that Vietnam 
is not ready to solve the Cambodian issue by political means in the next 5 
years. However, not long ago the Vietnamese authorities kept on talking about 
"negotiations," a "phased withdrawal," and a "political solution" to the 
Cambodian issue. But now when the Coalition Government of Democratic Kampuchea 
has put forward the eight-point peaceful proposals for settling the Cambodian 
issue by political means, Vietnam has made a u-turn, denying what it said not 
long ago and even ignoring its diplomatic language, thus stripping off its 

own disguise. 

The Vietnamese invading troops in Cambodia are in a difficult situation, both 
militarily and morally. Domestically, Vietnam's financial resources are exhausted 
and its economy is in a mess. In such a plight, even this foreign minister 

could not deny Vietnam's "economic difficulties." Even so, Vietnam will not 
withdraw its troops from Cambodia! How obstinate its aggressive stand is. 

In this case, the Vietnamese people will have to continue to live in misery. 

CSO: 4005/662 


HKO11322 Beijing RENMIN RIBAO in Chinese 28 Apr 86 p 6 

/"Roundup" by Gui Tongchang /2981 6639 2490/: "The Domestic and Foreign 
Policies of the New Philippine Government"/ 

/Text/ In the 2 months since Corazon Aquino was sworn ir as Philippine presi- 
dent, the new Philippine Government has promptly taken a series of measures; 
the domestic and foreign policies it is pursuing have extensively drawn the 
world's attention. 

Regarding domestic affairs, the new central government has dismissed a large 
number of local officials appointed to provinces and cities during the rule of 
Marcos. More than 1,000 mayors alone were removed from office. The new govern- 
ment has kept more than 10 generals supporting Marcos under house arrest and 
disbanded the metropolitan Manila police force. It has also announced that 

a human rights committee is to be set up to investigate all cases involving 

past violations of human rights. Moreover, the new government has enacted a 
provisional constitution, dissolved the National Assembly that was dominated 

by the former ruling party, set up a constitution committee, and made prepara- 
tions for drafting a new constitution based on which the legislative body is 

to be established. In the economic field, the new government announced the 
decision to freeze and confiscate the assets that Marcos and his relatives and 
close friends own at home and abroad. So far, it has taken over the five major 
telecommunication companies formerly controlled by Marcos' relatives and close 
friends. Meanwhile, someone has been sent to the United States to negotiate 
taking over Marcos' properties there. Also, Corazon Aquino has repeatedly 
emphasized the necessity of establishing an honest government ruling the 

country honestly and justly; defending truth, justice, freedom, and democracy; 
and restoring habeas corpus. There is no doubt that some policies and measures 
adopted by the Corazon Aquino government will help to eliminate Marcos' remaining 
forces and enhance the people's trust in the new government. 

In her inaugural speech, President Corazon Aquino appealed to the people to 
strengthen unity, strive for national reconciliation, and rebuild the country. 
Soon after she assumed office, she ordered that a number of "political 
prisoners" be released. Meanwhile, she has taken a "reconciliatory" policy 
toward the Philippine New People's Army and the Moslem force of the Moro 
National Liberation Front, offering to hold ceasefire talks with them. The 

Philippine Communist Party and the headquarters of the General Staff of the 
New People's Army issued a statement on 24 March expressing their intention to 
accept the president's offer. It is reported that the two sides have already 
started indirect negotiations. The Moro National Liberation Front has also 
commissioned a delegation to hold talks with the government. 

Regarding its foreign policy, the New Philippine Government has declared that 
it is going to pursue an independent foreign policy and make more friends. 

At the same time, the government has reiterated that it will continue to main- 
tain close relations with the United States and observe the Philippine-U.S. 
agreement on military bases. The new government has declared that it will keep 
unanimity and cooperate with its ASEAN neighbors. It maintains that ASEAN 
members should "speak with one voice" and declared that it would abide by 

its commitment to ASEAN regarding the goal of building a genuinely peaceful, 
free, and neutral region in Southeast Asia. It has also expressed its will to 
establish still better relations with China. Being active in the diplomatic 
circle, the New Philippine Government entertained in the past 2 months New 
Zealand Prime Minister David Lange, U.S. Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger, 
Singapore Foreign Minister Suppiah Dhanabalan, Spanish Foreign Minister Ordonez, 
Chinese Cultural Minister Zhu Muzhi, and other important foreign officials. 
Philippine Labor Minister Sanchez has also visited Japan. Developments of the 
situation in the past 2 months show that the new government has won wide 
international support. 

To sum up, as President Corazon Aquino has adopted many new policies and 
measures regarding domestic and foreign affairs, the new political regime has 
gradually got a firm foothold. However, the new government is still facing 
various challenges on its way ahead. For example, its struggle against the 
pro-Marcos force has not yet come to an end. Therefore, much has to be done 
before the new political regime is further consolidated and grows up. Just 

as President Corazon Aquino said: "We should never relax our vigilance because 
the situation has not yet been brought under full control." 

CSO: 4005/662 



FINNISH NEWSMEN IN TRAFFIC FRACAS--(Qian Huimin) and other staff of the Traffic 
Supervisory Office of Lintong County unreasonably obstructed a vehicle carry- 
ing foreign guests and adopted an overbearing manner, which had a very bad im- 
pact. The provincial Communications Department issued a notice on 22 April 
criticizing this affair. The provincial Communications Department's notice 
demands that traffic supervisory personnel throughout the province refrain from 
arbitrarily halting vehicles. If they must board a vehicle for work require- 
ments, they must do so politely and act in a civilized fashion. They must not 
behave in a cold and high-handed manner or indiscrimix itely conficate documents 
or impose fines. [Excerpts] [Xian Xhannxi Provincial Service in Mandarin 
0030 GMT 26 Apr 86 HK] /12232 

ULANHU MEETS TURKISH DELEGATION--Beijing, 11 May (XINHUA)--Chinese Vice-Presi- 
dent Ulanhu met a cultural delegation from the Turkish Government led by 
Mukerrem Tascioglu, minister of culture and tourism, here today in the Great 
Hall of the People. Ulanhu said that both China and Turkey were confronted 

with the common tasks of building their countries and improving living standards, 
which he thought was a good basis for the growth of cooperation in various 
fields between China and Turkey. The vice-president and Turkish minister be- 
lieved that the delegation's visit would promote the cultural exchanges and 
friendly cooperation in other fields between the two countries. Chinese Minis- 
ter of Culture Zhu Muzhi attended the meeting. The Turkish guests arrived here 

last Friday at the invitation of the Culture Ministry. [Text] [Beijing X1NHUA 
in English 1112 GMT 11 May 86 OW] /12232 

CSO: 4000/264 



OW211405 Beijing XINHUA Domestic Service in Chinese 0735 GMT 20 Apr 86 

[Excerpts] Beijing, 20 April (XINHUA)--"Party Historical Data of the Southern 
Bureau-—Memorabilia," a valuable document of the party's history, will come 
off the press in May this year. 

Comrade Hu Yaobang has written the book title for "Party Historical Data in the 
Southern Bureau." Comrade Deng Yingchao has written the following inscription: 
"The party history of the area under the leadership of the Southern Bureau is 
one aspect, one important aspect, of our party's entire history. It is neces- 
sary to use the methods of dialectical materialsim and historical materialism 
to analyze and objectively and truthfully reflect genunie history." 

This document has been edited for publication according to the plan of the CPC 
Central Committee's Commission for Collecting Party Historical Data for pub- 
lishing the "Book Series of Historical Data of the Communist Party of China" 
approved by the CPC Central Committee. "Memorabilia" contains documents and 
papers on the CPC Central Committee's important decisions and policies re,ard- 
ing the Southern Bureau; historical data on the party's activities, united 
front work, mass movements, and propaganda; data on the cultural and military 
work conducted by the Southern Bureau and its subordinate local party organiza- 
tions; and data on the various activities conducted when Comrade Mao Zedong 
went to Chongqing to hold talks with the Kuomintang and Chiang Kai-shek. Also 
included in this document are 20 precious historical photos. Totaling 239,000 
words, making up over 1,000 entries, it gives a detailed and accurate account 
of the Southern Bureau's glorious fighting course. 

To step up collection, compilation, and research of party historical data con- 
cerning the Southern Bureau, the Southern Bureau party historical data collec- 
tion group was formally set up in April 1983 under the leadership of the CPC 
Central Committee's Commission for Collection of Party Historical Data. After 
consultation and in cooperation with departments charged with party history work 
in Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Jiangxi, Fujian, 
and Chongging City, this group will compile and publish a book series on 

"Party Historical Data on the Southern Bureau," which is to be included in the 
"Book Series on Historical Data of the Communist Party of China." "Memorabilia," 
which will be published soon, will be the first volume of the book series "Party 
Historical Data of the Southern Bureau.: Other volumes to be successively 

compiled and published will include "Organizational Functions and Work," 
"United Front Work," "Mass Movements," "Cultural Work," and "Military Work 
and Armed Struggle." 

"Memorabilia" will be published by the Chongqing Publishing House and, begin- 
ning in May, openly put on sale throughout the country. 

CSO: 4005/689 



Hong Kong CHING PAO in Chinese No 105, Apr 86 pp 22-24 

[Article by Kao Yu [7559 3842]: "Deng Pufang Criticizes Theoretical Circles 
for Causing Trouble Rather Than Helping" ] 

[Text] On the Chinese mainland there is this kind of comment: China's true 
solving of the problems of 20 million (even more) disabled people began with 
Deng Pufang's [6772 2883 2455] sponsoring the founding of the China Disabled 
People Welfare Fund Society. 

In May of this year, the Fund Society will have been in existence for 2 fnll 
years. The effects at home and abroad produced by Deng Pufeng as an 
individual and by this social welfare organization are there for all to see. 
According to this writer's observation, this is not only because China has an 
enormous number of disabled people and a foundation for their effect on 
society, but also because the fund society led by Deng Pufang has a spirit of 
seeking and blazing new trails and the courage to overcome difficulties. 

Justly and Forcefully Advocating Humanitarianism 

The Chinese communists have consistently upheld "revolutionary 
humanitarianism." This term has its source in Mao Zedong, and in recent years 
has been affirmed as "socialist humanitarianism." However, it is Deng Pufang 
who has. proposed that "socialist humanitarianism should become one of the 
basic ideas of a socialist society." To this end he has done a lot of 
propaganda and unt‘/ring hard work. 

In January 1985, in the magazine SANYUE FENG [MARCH WIND], of which he is the 
chief editor, he published a speech he had given to all working personnel of 
the fund society entitled "Contribute Our Strength to the Cause of the Welfare 
of Disabled People." In this piece of writing he incisively pointed out: "We 
communist party members do a lot of humanitarian things, but we give the 
people the impression that we do not want humanitarianism." He also. said: 
"Our abnormal criticism of humanitarianism has a bad effect internationally 
and in our work." He pointed out: "The cause of China's disabled peopie is a 
humanitarian cause, and we should clearly carry on the rational parts of 
Western humanitarianism." "In China, the influence of feudalism is deeper and 
greater. Compared with capitalism, feudalism is more brutal and inhumane. 

Therefore, with regard to its view of disabled people, China's foundation is 
far behind the West." 

These viewpoints look to be a breakthrough in China's ideology and theory. 
Deng Pufang's article was reprinted in full by RENMIN RIBAO and the magazine 

In the past 2 years, riding in a wheelchair Deng Pufang visited Hong Kong, 
Europe, America, and Japan. With his own eyes he saw in some Western cities 
such realities as "unblocked public building facilities" as well as "disabled 
people sitting in the first two rows of a theater, while the President had to 
sit in the third row." In these countries, many situations illustrated the 
fact that "Western humanitarianism is much deeper than we had imagined." 

On 18 March this year, before the Fund Society held its third board of 
directors meeting, Deng Pufang did two important things. On 7 March, he held 
a press conference for Chinese and foreign reporters, and for the first time 
publicly answered foreign reporters' questions on humanitarianisnm. After 
this, at the invitation of an official responsible person he gave his opinions 
on the building of spiritual civilization. With great penetration he _ set 
forth his own views on humanitarianism. Deng Pufang said: "Socialist 
humanitarianism should become one of the basic ideas of a socialist society. 
This will be extremely difficult to do. In our work we often feel that 
theoretical circles cause trouble while trying to help, because they take 
pains to look for differences between Western humanitarianism and the 
humanitarianism that we advocate." He maintained: "The theoretical circles 
should study those aspects of humanitarianism that the West and we have in 
common, so that we can carry on the spiritual wealth of bourgeois 
humanitarianism and with it build our spiritual civilization." Deng Pufang 
also said: "The lessons of several decades of experience prove that what we 
urgently need now is an harmonious atmosphere, so that people feel warm and 
comfortable, and between man and man there is mutual understanding and mutual 

Two Years of Achievements by Welfare Fund Society 

Wang Zhen [3769 7201], vice chairman of the CPC's Central Advisory Commission 
and honorary chairman of the board of the China Disabled People's Welfare Fund 
Society, in a speech on 19 March at the closing session of the society's third 
board of directors meeting, said: "Socialist humanitarianism is an important 
part of a socialist spiritual civilization. It should become one of the basic 
ideas of our country's socialist society. The cause of the welfare of 
disabled people cannot for a single moment be separated from socialist 
humanitarianisn. It may be said that without socialist humanitarianism it 
would be difficult to have a healthy developing cause for disabled people." 

Wang Zhen went on: "We must justly and forcefully publicize humanitarianism." 

Wang Zhen endorses and supports Deng Pufang's viewpoints on humanitarianism. 
From this we can see that, in the building of material civilization and 
spiritual civilization, new importance will be attached to the building of 
spiritual civilization, which for a certain time was neglected. 


The achievements made by the 
establishment are very impressive. 

Fund Society in the 2 years’ since its 

First, through campaigning for the cause in many ways, the Fund Society is 
getting technological transformation loans for the civil administration 
welfare enterprises under all-people's ownership in the Seventh 5-year Plan 
period. In 1986, the loan will amount to 14.5 million yuan, and the figure 
will increase year by year afterward. 

Second, the state has allocated 60 million yuan for, the Fund Society has 
invested 16 million yuan in, and the Japanese government has given gratis aid 
equipment, with a total investment of nearly 100 million yuan, for the "China 
Research Center for the Restoration to Health of Injured and Crippled Bodies," 
the preparatory work for which has been completed. The State Planning 
Commission will make this project one of the state's key construction projects 
in 1986, and groundbreaking for construction of the center's professional area 
will begin in June this year. 

Third, in cooperation with relevant departments, on the basis of an 
investigation and study of the state of disabled people in Beijing, Taiyuan, 
Wuhan, Shashi, and Tangshan, the recommended draft of the "Basic Law for 
China's Disabled People" has been drawn up in preparation for proposed 
legislation on disabled people. 

Fourth, through consultation with the State Education Commission it has been 
decided to set up in 1985 an "award fund for self-study by disabled people," 
"award fund for disabled students in higher schools," and "award fund for 
special education workers." In 1985, 853 disabled youths were enrolled in 
China's higher schools, an increase of two times above the figure in 1984. 

Fifth, the Fund Society has sent delegations to visit Japan, America, Western 
Europe, and many other countries, and has received nine visiting delegations. 
It has gained an initial understanding of the history of the present state of 
the work for disabled people in these countries, and the relevant policies and 
practices for them. At the same time it has expanded the influence of the 
cause of disabled people in China. 

In the wor’ report he made at the third board of directors meeting, Deng 
Pufang affirmed these achievements. However, he also had a lot of 
difficulties to report. 

Disabled People's Enterprises in a "Crack" 

Deng Pufang said: Disabled people think we have made a big pile of money, and 
all the provinces and cities are doing their utmost to get money. But in our 
own view, it is extremely difficult to keep the society going. In 1985, the 
Fund Society raised a total of a little more than 15 million yuan, 60 percent 
less than the 39 million yuan raised in 1984. The main reason was that’ the 
soliciting of contributions was basically a one-shot affair, and in such a 
drive for contributions it is easy for the phenomenon of "in like a lion, out 
like a lamb"--fine stai aid poor finish--to appear. It only takes one 
distribution of 10 million or 20 million yuan to use it all up. If the money 

is used up, the Fund Society will be unable to keep itself going. The society 
has not yet found long-term economic sources. Deng Pufang used a metaphor: 
"We are seeking a crack to survive in, but we cannot find even a chunk of 
long-term, stable sources of revenue." 

To increase its financial capacity, the Fund Society runs three economic 
entities: the Kanghua Industrial Company, the Kanghui Travel Agency, and the 
Kangyi Portrait Company. These entities are in the service of disabled 
people, and all their profits are turned over to the Fund Society. Deng 
Pufang has said: "There are two difficulties in running a company: 1) during 
the current correcting of unhealthy tendencies, it is not easy to secure its 
position; and 2) in running such a company it is also not easy to truly make a 
profit, and if the company fails to do so, how can it justify itself? 

At a fall meeting of the board of directors, Wang Zhen made an impromptu 
speech in which he specially discussed the question of whether the Fund 
Society's running of companies conformed to policy. Wang Zhen said: "A 
company of the Fund Society should not be affected by the current abolishment 
of ‘fly-by-night companies,' because it is not a 'fly-by-night company.' To 
be expert in making money for disabled people is also a development and a 
reform." Wang Zhen's speech drew applause from the directors at the meeting. 
During the group discussion, many directors maintained that the Fund Society's 
running of a company should not be mentioned on equal terms with a party- or 
government-i1n enterprise, because it is of a welfare nature and is not just a 
profit-seeking organization. It can lighten the state's burden, and can also 
solve the employment problem of some disabled people. It is a good thing that 
can "kill many birds with one stone." 

The work of China's disabled people includes entering a higher school, 
obtaining employment, restoring to health, and taking part in the life of the 
society. Of the difficulties existing at present, with regard to entering a 
higher school, 90 percent of the disabled children cannot attend school and 50 
percent of the disabled adults are illiterate. 

"By choosing this difficult, troublesome work, I wanted to open up a path that 
has not yet been traversed. What work on disabled people requires is 
tenacity. Perhaps this generation of ours will not be able to do all that is 
needed, but the next generation or the generation after that one will!" 

This was a speech made in privete to the Fund Society's working personnel. 
From it we can see the tenacity iu work of this chairman of the board, and his 
pain and joy! 

CSO: 4005/671 




Beijing ZHONGGUO JIAOYU BAO in Chinese 8 Mar 86 p l 

[Article by Yu Yongzheng /0060 3057 2973/: "The State Educatio: Commission 
Established Special Endowments for Doctoral Degree Programs: 88 Schools and 
1,517 Courses Received Financial Assistance"/ 

/Text/ The State Education Commission has established special research funds 
for doctoral degree programs at the colleges and universities. In 1985 it 
supported 1,517 courses in 88 select key institutes of higher learning of the 
party Central Committee departments. The total endownment amounted to 34.96 
million yuan. 

This endowment was established by the State Education Commission, based on 
state regulations, in the spirit of restructuring the funding of science and 
technology and with the consent of the Ministry of Finance. Several pertinent 
departments, including the Public Health Department, the Agriculture, Animal 
Husbandry, and Fishery Department, the Aeronautics Department, the Aerospace 
Department, the Weapons Department, and the Department of Metallurgy, gathered 
to form an endowment office to administer the funds scientifically. They con- 
sulted associates in their respective trades, examined the programs, and 
selected to endow and nurture those doctoral candidates who best complemented 
the selected scientific research programs. In 1985, 1,517 courses were funded, 
representing 59.4 percent of the total number of courses which applied for 
funds. Among the courses funded, 195 were in philosophy and social science, 
441 in science, 362 in engineering, 62 in agriculture, and 173 in medicine. 
Some selected courses belong in the frontier of science and have significant 
theoretical value; others are related to economic constructions and social 
developments and have important practical value. 

This endowment integrates aid to scientific research with the nurturing of 
advanced professional skills ane enables doctoral candidates to carry out 
practical scientific research and give full play to their role as an effective 
force in the scientific field, and it also enables the institutes of higher 
learnings to fulfill better their purpose of nurturing advanced professionals 
and promoting developments in science and technology. 

cso: 4005/623 



BOOK ON CHINESE YOUTH--Beijing, 3 May (XINHUA)-—-"Zhaoyang Song" [In Praise of 
the Morning Sun], a book reflecting the advanced deeds of contemporary youth in 
China, has been published and distributed by the XINHUA Publishing House. 
Comrade Hu Yaobang wrote two inscriptions: "Learn from model heroes and ad- 
vanced personnel and become one of the new generation who has lofty ideals and 
moral integrity, who is educated and who observes discipline"; and "Lofty 
Communist ideals should be illustrated in ordinary day-to-day work." The 
foreward of the book was written by Song Defu, first secretary of the CYL Cen- 
tral Committee. . [Summary] [Beijing XINHUA Domestic Service in Chinese 

0003 GMT 3 May 86 OW] /12232 

ENGELS PICTORIAL BIOGRAPHY--Beijing, 2 May (XINHUA)--A large picture albun, 
"Engels' Pictorial Biography,” edited by the CPC Central Committee's Com- 
pilation and Translation Bureau and published by the People's Art Publishing 
House, will soon be distributed throughout the country. The album, containing 
more than 50 paintings and 500 photographs and pictures of historical documents 
and other data, vividly depicts Engeis’ past work and revolutionary activities. 
The album's forward was written by Wang Zhen, vice chairman of the Central 
Advisory Commission and principal of the Central Party School. [Summary] 
[Beijing XINHUA Domestic Service in Chinese 1211 GMT 2 May 86 OW] /12232 

CSO: 4005/689 


Shanghai WENHUI BAO in Chinese 23 Sep 85 p 4 

[Article by Shi Xuanyuan [2457 1357 0955]: Lin Zexu--The First Chinese of 
Modern Ages to Open His Mind to the West”] 

[Text] Lin Zexu [2651 0463 1776] was a great Chinese patriot of modern ages; 
he is remembered for his monumental accomplishments not only as a resolute 
fighter for the dignity of our people and the independence of our country 
against foreign invasions but also as the first Chinese intullectual to open 
his eyes to see the world. He studied the new knowledge from the west with an 
unwearied diligence and set the new practice of learning from the west in 
modern China. 

With world capitalism developing rapidly in the early half the 19th century, 
western capitalism thrusts east against the gate cf ancient China, infesting 
the great land of our country with opium with detrimental effect and draining 
our people's wealth incessantly. “If this situation is allowed to continue 
for several decades into the future, China will have neither the manpower to 
defend herself nor the financial resources to support such a force.” The 
Manchu aristocratic clique indulged in the conceit that the “Manchurian 
imperial court was heavenly and China superior total other countries", did not 
seek ways to reform. Still they attempted, although vainly, to close China to 
all westerners. The Manchurian regime, as Marx had once pointed out “ignoring 
the change of times, remained complacent with the status quo,” “they in total 
disregard of the real situation, comforted themselves with the imaginary 
success of the heavenly imperial reign.” (Collections of Marx and Engles, 
Vol. 2, p. 26). However, the integration of different parts of the world, 
which had grown from the appearance of capitalism, the monster, made it 
practically impossible to segregate one state from all the others. With the 
rapid advancement of western capitalism, nations that remained ignorant and 
self-content, that confined themselves to the old or obsolescent ways did not 
seeking progress and reform, would inevitably fall behind and the backwardness 
would invite aggression. 

In November of the 18th reigning year of Emperor Daoguang [6670 0342] (A.D. 
1838), Lin Zexu having had some 30 years service in the vicissitudes of 
officialdom by then and in his fifties, was dispatched to Guangdong as the 
Imperial Inspector General to search out and confisticate imported opium and 


prohibit its sale and use. He was also given the command of the naval 
squadron based there. Soon after he assumed office in March, 1839, Lin Zexu 
made an incorruptible vow: “If I do not succeed in banning opium trade here, 
I shall; not stop. I swear that I shall carry this assignment through, no 
matter what happens.” It is clear that at this time, his mind was still 
prejudiced by the biased opinion of the Manchurian ruling class and he belived 
wrongly that he could “submit the barbarians to their fear” on the strength of 
"China's prestige and imposing power"; he affected superiority and assumed a 
manner befitting a high ranking official from the Chinese imperial court. Lin 
issued a warning to the British aggressors: "If we direct our invincible 
force against you, we can leave the three tiny islands of yours in ruins in no 
time.” His actions, on the one hand demonstrated his indignation against the 
foreign aggressor as well as his zealous patriotism to defend the honor of our 
people, on the other hand, they also reiected his total ignorance of the 
antagonist from the west. However, the sharp contrast between Chinese and the 
westerners and the severe struggle he was facing compelled him to rethink 
matters through and to analyze the preblem more carefully. 

One of Lin's admirable qualities was his ability to conceive the change of 
times; he could adapt the current trend and was ready to accept the new. 
Therefore, his close encounters across cultural frontiers and exposure to 
western books immediately opened his mind up. Unfortunately, at that time 
“western books" were considered as “heresies” and “perverse theories,” too 
evil to be accepted. Lin Zexu broke away from the faulty, stubbornly contrary 
practice of the ruling class and dashed into these “forbidden horizons"; he 
“assigned full-time staff to collect information and intelligence on 
westerners and translate their books; he subscribed to western newspapers as 
well.” In addition, he initiated extensive contacts with foreign businessmen 
and Chinese interpretors and compradors who had some understanding and 
knowlege of foreign affairs and languages. Gradually, his mind was awakened; 
he realized that he was encountering a most formidable opponent; the British 
navy was well trained and equipped with advanced warships and guns; by 
comparison, the armed forces, weapons and naval vessels of the “heavenly 
kingdom" were descrept and obsolete. He learned from practice: “At present, 
were are facing a very grave situation militarily; the best way to devise a 
sound defense against the barbarian is to find out their real strength by 
constantly spying of them.” 

Lin Zexu's endeavors, such as translation of western books and sending scouts 
“to probe the barbarian's strength,” were all integral parts in his general 
design of the strategy to defeat the invaders. He fully understood the 
philosophical principle of the maxim from “the Art of War” by Sunzi: “Knowing 
one’s own situation and that of the enemy guarantees victory in every battle.” 
He pieced together a great deal of useful information on British military 
activities from western newspapers and publications and correctly forsaw the 
enemy intention to invade our coastal areas in the southeast. Through the 
systematic study of “barbarians,” Lin gained a better insight on the foreign 
invaders; he said: "The best way to deal with barbarians is to combine 
toughness and moderation; our approach should neither be overly mild nor too 
harsh.” All his actions, including the series of orders he issued to prohibit 
the sale and use of opium, burning of the confiscated opium at Human, the 

battle of Kowloon, the naval engagement off Chuanbi as well as his dealings 
with Charles Elliot the gang leader of the British invaders, had shown that 
his grasp of “barbarian affairs” directly contributed to his many triumphs of 
right over might. 

Lin Zeux's foresight was also reflected by the fact that he argued for banning 
the opium trade and fighting foreign aggressors, yet he was against a reckless 
ultranationalistic policy. At that time, the huge trade deficit was depleting 
our national wealth. The Manchurian ruling class erroneously thought this 
excessive silver drain was created by international trade; they even proposed 
to ban the legal trade, which was under strict regulation of such a pitable 
amount, to isolate China completely from the west. Lin Zexu opposed this 
policy of theirs; he said: Whether we open our ports to trade with foreigners 
nor not has little effect on the prohibition of opium.” ((The Political Works 
of Lin Zexu), His Memorials as the Governor General of Guangdong and Guangxi, 
Vol 1). He believed that the saturation and infestation of China by opium was 
not a direct consequence of the legal international trade; China should not 
shut herself off form the world.--"Thuse who abide by Chinese laws are 
welcome” Lin declared “and those who do not, will be expelled.” The 
incomprehensive Emperior Daoguang had quoted this against him for being self- 
contradictory, yet Lin had stuck to this discriminating principle in carrying 
out the prohibition of opium. He opposed the “isolated” policy of “refusing 
to eat for fear of choking” as well as the “unchecked” policy of “opening the 
gate to admit thieves”. He cracked down hard on opium smuggleers and 
dealers--"to execute al the offenders and confiscate the whole opium stock.” 
However, Lin favored legal trade with the west; not only did he welcome law- 
abiding American and Portugese traders, but also promised safe conduct and 
granted favored treacment to British merchantmen, who had been cleared by 
Chinese custom and showed sincerity of bilateral trade. In addition, Lin Zexu 
proposed to institute a new trading law which gave due consideration to 
whether foreign traders obeyed such rules or not and dealt with them 
accordingly. It should be noted that in November, the 19th reigning year of 
Emperor Daoguang, Lin entertained with warmth and courtesy shipwrecked British 
sailors in the local Goddess Temple. When the operation to destroy 
confiscated opium was conducted at Human, he invited friendly foreign traders 
to witness. Lin preached to them the evils of opium smoking; he pointed out 
that opium smuggling and legal trade were completely different in nature and 
China welcomed law-abiding westerners here to trade. These two incidents, 
recorded in both Chinese and western histories, had been widely circulated as 
legends and clearly showed that Lin was only trying to stop the opium traffic 
not the trade with the west. 

In order to reform the world, one has to try to understand it first; to 
overtake the west, one has to imitate, to learn from it first. Although Lin 
Zexu had yet to develop such an advanced vision at that time, he began to 
realize what was happening and proposed some farsighted reforms. The 
Manchurian officials has always believed that the “Heavenly Kingdom” was 
blessed with “vast land and rich natural resources” and in the “utter 
supremacy of the Chinese way"; they despised any associations with 
“barbarians” and scored the western advanced technologies as “uncanny feats 
and craftiness.” Lin Zexu, through his study of the west, learned that 


Chinese scientific technology was far behind that of the west, for example, 
the “formidable warships and powerful guns” for the British navy were vastly 
superior then anything the Chinese could field. Since the west possessed more 
advanced technologies, Lin reasoned, we had to learn from them, to bring the 
technologies into China for our use. Therefore, he organized staff to 
translate European and American books and publications on military operations, 
in addition, he purchased modern warships and cannons from the west. In more 
than one occassion, Lin proposed to the Emperor to develo a modern defense 
industry in China to construct advanced warships and manufacture powerful 
cannons. He also campaigned for raising a superbly-trained and well equipped 
navy. Lin's far-reaching vision and practice, as described, like a “sweeping 
wind and roaring thunder” in the dark and turbulent middle decades of the 19th 
century, pointed out a new direction for his history to progress. 

Lin Zexu supervised the translation and compilation of the “Geographic Reports 
of the Four Continents.” Later, Wei Yuan [7614 3293], a contemporary of his, 
followed the example of this book, and published "Maps and Geographic Reports 
of Marine Nations.” Inspired by Lin's and Wei's examples, other books 
introducing western history, geography and science such as "Global Synopsis” 
by Xu Jiyu [1776 4949 3974], “Study on the Red-Haried English Barbarian” by 
Wang Wentai [3076 2429 3141] and “A Complete Introduction to Marine Nations” 
by Liang Tingnan [2733 1694 8538] came off the press one after another. Kang 
Youwei [1660 2589 3634] once said: “China has been great for thousands of 
years’, “the Chinese have long been ethnocentric...the study of foreign 
affairs in China began when Lin Zexu first translated western newspapers.” 
(The Coup in Year Wu Xu by Liang Qicho [2733 0796 6389]. This comment fully 
affirmed Lin's great contibutions. We would like to point out that Wei Yuan, 
a good friend of Lin's generalized the ideas symbolized by his practices in 
the motto: “Absorbing whatever is good in things barbarian so as to surpass 
the barbarians.” This slogan, once circulated, had exerted a great impact in 
recent China. Since then, those with vision regardless of what they were 
pursuing, be it the school of foreign affairs, devoted to pattern and emulate 
the west, or the reform faction who believed in "to save China by reform” or 
the revolutionaries who set off the 1911 Revolution, had longed to erect a 
republic of bourgeois class, had all following the path pioneered by Lin Zexu 
and Wei Yuan; whatever these people's motivation might be, no matter how much 
or how little they had achieved, their goals were high; they had worked to 
change the reactionary policy of “closing the port and shutting off the 
world”, to explore ways to develop our country and to reconstruct China. Lin 
Zexu indeed, was the first intellectual to open his mind to accept the world 
in modern Chinese history. 

cso: 4005/320 



Shanghai JIEFANG RIBAO in Chinese 6 Nov 85 p 2 

[Text] An article appearing in JIEFANG RIBAO's "Party Life" column discusses 
the problem of the party cadre image in the new period. This discussion is 
indeed most meaningful. 

The CPC has always valued the promotion of the party cadre image. Such shining 
images as Fang Zhiming, Lu Hulan, Qiao Yulu, Hua Yi, etc. forever live in the 
hearts of the people. Through extensive publicity of the party cadre image, 
the principles, charter, and criteria upheld by the CPC are gradually getting 
into the public consciousness. In discussing this issue, we must avoid con- 
tradicting the image publicity with the promotion of the party charter and 
criteria. Nor should we publicize the party charter and criteria at the 
expense of image promotion. While in the past we did stress the promotion of 
the party cadre image, our study and examination of that image were rather 
inadequate. In his article “A Talk on the Party Cadre Image Under the New 
Period," Comrade Qianchen was the first to bring up this subject. This was 
indeed a good beginning. Farsighted people in a number of developed countries 
nowadays have already begun to study the problems of the knowledge structure 
and images of the leaders of the next century on the basis of the development 
trends of the new technological revolution. If CPC members who are striving 
after common goals all their lives do not care about the party cadre image 

in the new period, how can they cope with future challenges in the world? 

Party Cadres Should Build Image of Being Knowledgeable 

A number of peple who previously were influenced by the "leftist" trend of 
thought tend to view the proletariat as the most advanced class simply because 
it has been an exploited and oppressed class. They are apt to overlook the 
fact that the proletariat, as the most advanced class, represents in the first 
place the most advanced productivity. By the same token, a proletarian regime 
is superior to a bourgeois government because in the first place the former 
represents the new production method. In this sense, it is clearly not unim- 
portant to have respect for knowledge and science. In the proletarian ranks 
there are party cadres who are imbued with a common consciousness. They should 
strive to acquire abundant knowledge before they can conform to their class 
status and to their historical mission. As Comrade Zhao noted in his article, 
"as far as a pioneer is concerned, what is important is knowledge and not 


direct experience." I agree with his assertion. Some comrades have doubted 
the use value of knowledge, contending that "making use of knowledge has its 
limit." Is this not incompatible with an era that puts much value on knowledge 
and talent? 

Modern science advances by leaps and bounds. Beginning from the 1940's of this 
century, natural science started to probe the complicated problems of the 
systems approach, first in the study of organically controlling the behavior of 
living matter and later in industrial automation. Through the efforts of 
natural scientists in these fields, they have finally succeeded in solving 

the quantitative formulation methods of complex systems in natural science. 

As a result, new branches of science such as systems and control theories as 
well as systems analysis and operations ~°search have rapidly been developed. 
These tools applying basic and mathematicai theories that are used to analyze 
complex systems also are applicable to the analysis of the complex systems 

of social sciences. The interaction between the natural sciences and social 
sciences is first of all the interaction between these common approaches. In 
certain fields they also provide the leaders with a correct basis, thereby 
rendering both decisionmaking and action more scientific. Party cadres in the 
new period should strive to learn and understand these new aspects of know- 
ledge. As Comrade Zhao said, “in today's pervasive expansion of knowledge 

and learned subjects and increasingly intimate interconnection between various 
things, people lacking in substantial professional foundations or extensive 
learning can hardly think coherently and with keen perception. Without this 
power of discernment, one can hardly provide effective leadership." As we 

are on the threshold of an era of change that involves raising leadership 
experience to the scientific level, respect for knowledge itself calls for 
putting the leadership work of party cadres on a scientific level. This 

means that party cadres must foster the image of being knowledgeable and 
hardworking to promote respect for knowledge and for people of talent. 

Party Cadres Should Build the Image of Seeking Differences in Their Thinking 

Comrade Zhao discussed the question of "turning away from seeking agreement 
to seeking the difference" when he brought up the subiect of the five trans- 
formations. This is also an important question bearing on the study of the 
party cadre image. 

In the findings of current studies on the genesis of ideas, two different 
concepts--one seeking agreement and the other seeking the difference--are 
formed in the human mind. The former seeks to reach a certain "correct con- 
clusion" through available information. The latter depends on the reorgani- 
zation of instant and recalled information through different concepts in 
order to produce new and untested ideas. 

In facing a modern world undergoing profound changes, party cadres operating 
in their broad and vast realms are required to contribute constructive ideas 
at all times. In his articie Comrade Zhao devotes himself totally to exploring 
this issue. What he refers to as the "tape recorder" type and "prudish defen- 
ders" means exactly those whom he criticizes as being overzealous in seeking 
agreement. What he describes as "a logical mind" and "loyal but not reckless, 

with a sense of originality" is in effect an endorsement of the concept of 
seeking the difference. Some comrades have interpreted this concept as a 
deprecation of "all traditional things being outmoded" and "all foreign things 
being brought in." This is a misinterpretation. 

Value Study of Collective CPC Image 

At present, a noteworthy trend in the study of talented people is one that 
turns away from the "individual" to the "collective."" If everyone becomes a 
screw, then a lot of screws can be gathered. Only by systematically putting 
together all the components of different makes and functions can they form a 
functionally integrated machine, a complete machine. Despite the dazzling 
advances made inthe development of science and technology in the second half 
of this century, no outstanding scientists comparable in stature to Newton 
and Einstein have yet appeared. This is because collective strength has 
replaced individual geniuses of former days. In selecting and fostering cadres 
in the past, we tended to follow a single-track course, such as "heeding only 
the parts and their replacements but ignoring overhauling the entire engine." 
This concept has to be discarded in favor of fresh approaches. Otherwise, we 
can hardly cope with the challenges coming from the collective strength of 
developed countries. 

In this high-paced and fiercely competitive era of our generation, party 
cadres at all levels are facing challenges from opposing forces in the commu- 
nications field--little versus much, old versus new, and slow versus fast. 

If party cadres remain boxed in, as they have always been, in closed systems 
of a noncommunicative world, and if they pose as educators, then it will be 
absolutely impossible for them to perform leadership work well. 

Party cadres are not omnipotent. They do not know everything. In this age 
of the information explosion, cadres knowing and specializing in everything 
are hard to find. An important task for CPC organizations is to build con- 
sciously the collective image of party cadres in a systematic and planned 
way. Party cadres at all levels and those grouped in different categories 
must promotethe scientific division of work so as to confine their fields of 
operation and foster talents on a short-term basis in accordance with the 
multiple requirements of the four modernizations in order to have a say in 

a limited field. As long as we cultivate a massive contingent of cadres 
possessing individual characteristics and backed by abundant experience, the 
entire contingent will have an exemplary collective image. We can no longer 
conform to the requirements of our age if we stubbornly cling to the monolithic 
model of bygone days and impose this mode on others. 

The question about the party cadre image opens to a world of inherently rich 

and diversified subjects that merit our penetrating study. Let more and more 
comrades dig deeper and deeper into this particular subject in their study of 
the party cadre image. 

CSO: 4005/383 



Shanghai JIEFANG RIBAO in Chinese 8 Nov 85 p l 

[Unattributed article: "Rui Xingwen on the Reform of Ideology and Theory 
Education" ] 

[Text] A meeting was held in Shanghai yesterday to reform ideology and theory 
education classes conducted in schools and colleges in that city. It urged 
the large number of cadres of educational systems and teachers to study 
seriously and implement the CPC Central Committee's circular on the reform 

of ideology, moral education, and political theory courses, stressing greater 
efforts to bring about reforms in line with the requirements spelled out in 
the circular. 

The meeting was attended by Rui Xingwen [5360 2622 2429], secretary of the 
Shanghai CPC municipal committee; Huang Chui [7806 5468], deputy secretary; 
Chen Diedi [7115 6993 6611], standing committee member and secretary of the 
CPC committee, municipal education and public health department; Shu Wen [5289 
2429], deputy director, standing committee, municipal people's congress; Xie 
Lijuan [6200 7787 1227], deputy mayor; Liu Wenjing [0491 2429 1987], deputy 
‘secretary-general, municipal CPC committee; Pan Weimin [3382 4850 2494], 
deputy director, propaganda department, municipal CPC committee; and about 

500 leading comrades from relevant quarters and teachers of political theory. 

Addressing the meeting, Comrade Rui first thanked the teachers for guiding 
China's new generation toward the goal of political theory education. He said 
he advocated the reform of ideology and theory education for the purpose of 
fostering a large number of talented people capable of building a Chinese type 
of socialism. He stressed that this goal should be distinguished by its class 
character, national character, and the character of the era. In the feudal 
society, he recalled, the landlord class was fostered for the purpose of 
training qualified people in order to maintain feudal rule. In capitalist 
society, the bourgeoisie is fostered for the purpose of promoting entrepreneurs 
and adventurers to develop capitalism. In our socialist era, the proletariat 
is charged with the task of fostering talented people capable of building the 
Chinese type of socialism. Comrade Rui defined such talented people as those 
who cherish ideals and uphold a correct approach to life and a correct world 
outlook, particularly those who adhere to the socialist direction in taking 
the path to prosperity for everybody. With revolutionary ideals, they will 


consciously study with objectives in mind and thus will achieve better results 
in their pursuit of civilized behavior, unity of purpose, and observance of 
law and discipline. He encouraged the gathering to devote their combined 
efforts toward accomplishing the very difficult and highly significant task 

of reforming ideology and theory education. Comrade Chen in her work report 

to the meeting pointed out that studying and implementing the circular are 
important aspects of carrying out the CPC Central Committee's decision on the 
reform of the educational system. It is also important to the implementation 
by the educational systems of the spirit of CPC congresses and their plenary 
sessions. Party and government leadership at all levels, together with the 
cadres of relevant departments and teachers, should pay serious attention to 
this matter and deal with it in earnest and in a practical way. After 
reviewing the results of ideology ari theory education in schools and colleges 
throughout the city, she stressed these points regarding the study and imple- 
mentation of the circular, namely the leadership at all levels should earnestly 
organize efforts to transmit and study the circular. Through such efforts, 
everyone will have 2 complete and correct understanding of the problems of re- 
forming ideology and theory education in all their manifold aspects. Moreover, 
it is necessary to strengthen the organization and leadership of efforts to 
reform ideology and theory education, to be clear about the goals and measures 
of this reform, and to implement them in earnest. It is also necessary to care 
for and cherish teachers of political subjects and step up the building of the 
contingent of teachers. Above all, we should integrate the reform of ideology 
and theory education with that of other tasks. Chen Tiedi urged the city's 
schools of higher and public education to begin extensive use of new teaching 
materials based on the circular's main contents and requirements at the start 
of the 1988 fall semester. 

Hence, exert your utmost in compiling and editing new teaching materials. 
Before such materials are adopted in 1988, all teachers, she said, should 

attend group training courses or self-improvement seminars at least once. 

CSO: 4005/383 



Shanghai JIEFANG RIBAO in Chinese 8 Nov 85 p 1 

[Article by Gong Xiaorong [7895 1420 2837]: "The Conference Discussing Lenin's 
Philosophical Thoughts Ends in Shanghai" 

[Text] A national conference discussing Lenin's philosophical ideas which was 
recently held in Shanghai decided to set up a seminar on Lenin's thoughts at 
the Shanghai decided to set up a seminar on Lenin's thoughts at the China 
Society on the History of Marxist Philosophy. 

The meeting ended after a week of discussion. The participants, comprising 55 
experts, scholars, and theoretical workers from all over the country, seriously 
discussed Lenin's thoughts on the materialist conception of history and those 
on the theory of cognition. 

This was the first intensive discussion of Lenin's thought relating to the 
materialist conception of history by academic circles in China. The meeting 
acknowledged 50 papers from the participants, who presented many intelligent 
and stimulating views. This would contribute to the further development of 
the study of Lenin's philosophical ideas now and in the future. 

The meeting was jointly sponsored by the China Society on the Study of the 
History of Marxist Philosophy, Fudan University, the Air Force Political 
School, the Party School of the Shanghai CPC Municipal Committee, the Philo- 
sophy Department of the Shanghai Institute of Social Sciences, and a branch of 
the China People's University. The speaker at the meeting was Gong Xinhan 
[7895 1800 3466], deputy director of the propaganda department, Shanghai muni- 
cipal CPC committee. Professor Huang Tansen, president of the China Society 
on the Study of the History of Marxist Philosophy, also addressed the meeting 
at its opening and closing ceremonies. 

CSO: 4005/383 



Fuzhou FUJIAN RIBAO in Chinese 15 Dec 85 p l 

[Article by the party reorganization office of the Fujian provincial CPC 
committee; "We Must Keep Close Touch with Basic Levels, Strengthen 
Leadership, and Make Conscientious and Successful Efforts to Revamp Party 
Organizations of Enterprises” | 

[Text] On 13 December, the party reorganization guiding group of the Fujian 
provincial CPC committee invited secretaries, chief discipline inspectors, and 
political work supervisors of the party organizations of various departments, 
bureaus, and general companies directly under the provincial authorities to a 
meeting calling on them to keep in close touch with basic levels, strengthen 
leadership, and effectively assist prefectural, municipal,and county CPC 
committees in conscientiously bringing the work of consolidating party 
organizations of enterprises to a successful conclusion. 

Zhang Yumin [1728 3254 3046], member of the standing committee of the Fujian 
provincial CPC committee and deputy director of the party reorganization 
guiding group, and Wei Li [7279 4539], deputy director of the party 
reorganization office of the Fujian provincial CPC committee, spoke at the 

Those attending the meeting pointed out that in an effort to strengthen 
leadership over the work of consolidating the party organizations of 
enterprises, the Fujian provincial CPC committee decided to let the political 
work department of the Fujian provincial economic commission assume the 
responsibilty of supervising the execution of this work under the unified 
leadership of the party consolidation guiding group. Party organizations and 
party committees of various responsible provincial-level departments and 
bureaus must feel obliged to offer their subsidiary enterprises and units 
guidance and assistance in fulfilling this work. The party consolidation 
guiding group has decided to select a number of able cadres of strong party 
character and good work style from various responsible departments and bureaus 
and organize them into inspection groups so that they can visit basic-level 
units, conduct investigations and studies, and assist various prefectural and 
municipal CPC committees in bringing the work of consolidating party 
organizations of enterprises to a successful conclusion. 

Comrades attending the meeting said that since the consolidation of enterprise 
party branches was initiated by our province, generally speaking, it has been 
moving along a sound line and has resulted in bringing some good methods and 
experiences vital to the promotion of reform and production. But as seen from 
the standpoint of the spirit of the National Conference of Party Delegates, we 
still have a long way to go. Conscientious and successful efforts have yet to 
be made in order to reach that goal. For example, some enterprises still 
cannot accurately describe what kind of major problems they now face while 
making no effective efforts to consolidate their party organizations; some 
enterprises have yet to take steps in strengthening their leadership in the 
consolidation of their party organs; leading bodies of some enterprises still 
have a long way to go from achieving unity and harmony while hesitating to 
face reality in consolidating their party organizations; and a considerable 
number of enterprises have treated the consolidation of party organizations 
merely as general routine work. All this deserves the close attention of 
leadership at all levels. 

The meeting also came up with the following demands: the work of 
consolidating enterprise party organizations needs to be checked by units at 
all levels and efforts must be made to prevent it from becoming another 
routine task. Various prefectural, municipal, and county CPC committeees must 
strengthen their leadership over this work, pay constant attention to its 
progress, and speed up the process of evaluation and push it forward. Party 
organizations of various responsible departments and bureaus must pay close 
attention to the results from the consolidation of party branches by their 
subsidiary enterprises. Only in this way can they come to understand what 
problems have been exposted as a result of party reorganization, how many of 
them have been solved, and what assistance should be provided by leading 
organs in order to solve the remaining problems. While going down, comrades 
assigned to the inspection groups by various departments and bureaus must 
emphasize that enterprise party committees and party and government leaders 
must collectively and individually subject themselves to 
comparison-examination. Only in this way can they come to realize whether 
enterprises have been successful in accurately locating the cause of their 
problems, whether their leading bodies have rectified and eliminated the 
unhealthy work style, whether those problems that can be readily solved have 
been solved, whether the leading groups have conscientiously subjected 
themselves to self-criticism and cross-criticism, whether they have reached a 
consensus in order to strengthen unity, and whether conscientious efforts have 
been made by enterprises to push forward the consolidation of their party 
branches and form a leadership for this purpose. Furthermore, successful 
efforts must be made to oversee the implementation of disciplinary measures 
against certain party members and the registration of party members while 
party committees of enterprises must be urged to take a serious, 
conscientious, and cautious attitude toward carrying out this work. Special 
efforts must be made by party committees at various levels to consolidate 
party organizations of major enterprises as well as party branches of other 
enterprises which have performed poorly or relatively poorly in this 


It was pointed out at the meeting that in the course of consolidating their 
party branch, enterprise party committees at all levels must seek an answer to 
the question of “how the party should exercise self-control?” They must make 
the party well organized and pay sepcial attention to the rectification of the 
party's work style in order to bring about an improvement in the work style of 
factories. At present, conscientious efforts must be made by enterprises 
involved to implement the guidelines of the CPC Central Committee's and the 
State Council's circulars designed to address some serious problems that 
currently exist in office work styles. In coordination with the “five checks 
and three consolidations” campaign, a conscientious investigation into the 
allegations of violations of laws and discipline and violation of financial 
and economic discipline by some enterprises and individuals during the past 2 
years and bring them justice. They must resolutely bring under control those 
unhealthy tendencies that have led people to use gasoline, electricity, cars, 
and other public properties for private purposes and seek loans to serve 
selfish interests, give parties and gifts at government expense, and squander 
public funds. They must resolutely eliminate those wrong ideas on business 
management, evil schemes on doing business, and cheating on construction 
projects, practices that have led builders to use cheap materials to 
substitute for high-quality ones. They must stop the unauthorized price hikes 
and other unhealthy tendencles that are not in the interests of the consumer. 
Only in this way can we consolidate enterprise party branches along a sound 
line and promote reform and production. 

cso: 4005/473 



Xiamem XIAMEN RIBAO in Chinese 22 Dec 85 p l 

[Unattributed article: "XINHUA NEWS AGENCY Xiamen Subbranch Was Officially 
Inaugurated Yesterday” ] 

[Text] On 21 December, the XINHUA NEWS AGENCY Xiamen subbranch, the second of 
its kinds ever established to serve people at home and abroad, was officially 
inaugurated in the presence of more than 70 representative well-wishers from 
all walks of life, including Hu Hong [5170 1347], chairman of the Fujian 
provincial advisory commission; Li Min [2621 2404] and Zhang Weizi [1728 4850 
5417], members of the standing committee of the commission; old comrades Jia 
Jiumin [6328 0036 3046], He Ruoren [0149 5387 0086], and other members of the 
commission who are residents of Fujian Province; Zou Erjun [6760 1422 0971], 
Lu Zifen [7120 5261 1164], Li Xiuji [2621 4423 6068], Li Li [2621 0500], Zhao 
Keming [6392 0344 2494], Mao Disheng [3029 3321 3932], and other leading 
members of the party and government in Xiamen. 

Chi Baozhang [1508 5508 4545], director of the XINHUA NEWS AGENCY Fujian 
branch, was the first speaker at the opening ceremony. He said: The XINHUA 
NEWS AGENCY Xiamen subbranch was established by the party organization of the 
XINHUA headquarters to serve the needs of developing the four modernizations 
and the Xiamen special economic zone. The purpose of establishing the Xiamen 
subbranch is to find a better way to get across to people at home and abroad 
the results of the application of our party's open-door and economic 
revitalization policy to the Xiamen special economic zone as well as its 
achievements on various fronts and its initiatives to establish relations with 
other parts of the world. Another purpose is to take timely steps to notify 
the CPC Central Commmittee and the provincial and municipal CPC committees and 
other parts of the country of the new situations, new problems, new 
experiences, innovations, and new developments of the Xiamen special economic 
zone. Meanwhile, this does not mean that the work of publicizing the southern 
Fujian economic development zone will be neglected In addition to thanking 
the leadership of the CPC committees and governments of Fujian Province and of 
Xiamen Municipality and other departments concerned for their support and 
help, he expresged the hope that the departments will continue to offer XINHUA 
information and assistance. 


Hu Hong, chairman of the Fujian provincial advisory commission, said: During 
the past several years, the implementation of reform and the open-door policy 
have brought a very delightful situation to Xiamen. It is my hope that 
comrades on the journalism front will devote more time to reporting the Xiamen 
special economic zone's new situations and new experiences as well as its 
prospects for development. Meanwhile, efforts must be made by them to help 
the Xiamen special economic zone speed up its development through the 
publicity of its new experiments during its march forward. He added that news 
reports on Xiamen must bear in mind the whole world and must be tailored to 
the needs of people abroad. Only in this way can people in Xiamen and other 
parts of the world get to know each other. 

In a speech extending warm congratulations to the XINHUA NEWS AGENCY Xiamen 
subbranch on the occasion of its establishment on behalf of the Xiamen 
municipal CPC committee and government, Zou Erjun, mayor and secretary of the 
CPC committee of Xiamen City, said that establishment of the Xiamen subbranch 
is an important event in the political and economic life of Xiamen City and a 
big boost to the Xiamen speical economic zone because the XINHUA NEWS AGENCY 
is a very prestigious and influential news agency. In addition to calling on 
various departments in Xiamen to offer the XINHUA NEWS AGENCY Xiamen subbranch 
strong support and assistance, he expressed the hope that in the course of 
carrying out its work, the Xiamen subbranch will get across to the public the 
results of the implementation of the reform and the open-door policy by the 
Xiamen special economic zone and will given counseling for problems that exist 
in our work. Fang Hansheng [2455 3352 3932], deputy director of the 
propaganda work department of the Xiamen municipal CPC committee and chief 
editor of XIAMEN RIBAO, and Yang Ying [2799 3841], former director of the 
XINHUA Shanghai branch, also delivered congratulatory speeches at the opening 
ceremony. Xu Yiming [6079 0001 7686], deputy director of the XINHUA Fujian 
branch, presided over the ceremony. 

cso: 4005/473 


Shanghai WENHUI BAO in Chinese 21 Jan 86 p 1 » 

[Article by reporter Li Qiusheng [2621 4428 3932]: "The Shanghai Municipal 
Commission for Inspection of Discipline Takes Stern Measures in Dealing with 
the 'Huayi' Speculation Case”] 

[Text] With the approval of the Central Comm‘ssion for Inspection of 
Discipline and the Shanghai municipal CPC cor aittee, the Shanghai municipal 
commission for inspection of discipline reccatly has taken stern measures in 
dealing with the case of speculation involving the "“Huayi General Trade 
Center” which typifies violation of laws by law enforcement agencies 
authorized to engaged in commerce. Meanwhile, disciplinary action has been 
taken by the party an: government against four culprits in speculation while 
Li Jincheng [2621 6855 i004], deputy director of the Putuo public security 
subbureau and member of its party organization who was found guilty of 
profiteering speculation, and other criminals have been turned over to the 
court of justice before which they will stand trial. 

When the “Huayi General Trade Center,” a joint venture of the Shanghai 
customshouse and the Putuo public security subbureau, was opened in July 1984, 
Li Jincheng and Chen Kunxing [7115 0981 5281], deputy director of the 
smuggling investigation department of the Shanghai customshouse, were 
appointed co-supervisors of the center and Pan Jialin [3382 0857 7792], chief 
of the security section of the Putuo public security subbureau, became its 
general manager. 

Under the leadership of the Shanghai municiapl commission for inspection of 
discipline, a leading group composed of the party committee of the Shanghai 
municipal foreign trade and economic department, the Shanghai municipal public 
security bureau, the Shanghai municipal procuratorate, and the Putuo regional 
CPC committee was subsequently formed to investigate the “Huayi” case. After 
carrying out thorough investigatious in coordination with the customshouse, 
departments of industry and commerce, and comptrollers, this leading group has 
found the “Huayi” problem extremely serious. 

Instead of enforcing the laws, the "Huayi General Trade Center” violated the 
laws by openly marketing and selling contraband obscene video cassettes. In 
December 1984, its employee Wang Hengming [3769 0077 6900] was sent by its 

responsible person to Guangzhou where he smuggled and imported more than 2,900 
such video cassettes from a labor service company and then sold them to some 
local units. The “Huayi General Trade Center” went about buying up a large 
number of various electric motorcycles and other goods when they were in short 
supply and then resold them at a big profit. Of the more than 6 million yuan 
in business transactions, over 2 million yuan went to speculation and brought 
“Huayi” more than 200,000 yuan in profits. While engaging in speculation, it 
abused its Law enforcement authority and even resorted to high-handed tactics 
to cover up its unlawful activities. In this way, the images of the public 
security and custom service agencies have suffered serious damage. 

Shortly after the “Huayi” adminstrative power fell into its hands, that 
criminal ring seized the opportunity to engage in speculation and made a big 
fortune out of it. When unemployed, “Huayi” employee Wang Hengming was 
apprehended six times by the public security authority for bribery, extortion, 
smuggling, gambling, and other offenses. By wielding that power, he could 
push through a business deal worth hundreds of thousands or millions of yuan 
without getting prior approval from his higher authorities. Some 5 months 
after entering on duty at “Huayi,” he received over 98,000 yuan in kickbacks, 
profit shares and other illegal profis. Cadre Tao Zhonglin [7118 0112 2651] 
of the Putuo public security subbureau received over 50,000 yuan in illegal 
profits from selling woolen blankets and electric motorcycles. Chen Kunxing, 
deputy director of the smuggling investigation deparment of the Shanghai 
customshouse, and Pan Jialin, chief of the security section of the Putuo 
public security subbureau, also received electric motorcycles, 
air-conditioners, and other bribes in kind. 

The nature of the “Huayi” case is one of violating laws and discipline and 
therefore is extremely serious. [It is expected to have a very profound impact 
on society. With the approval of the Central Commission for Inspection of 
Discipline and the Shanghai municipal CPC committee, the Shanghai muncipal 
commission for inspection of discipline has taken the following steps in 
connection with the case as part of an effort to tighten up the enforcement of 
party and government discipline and laws: 

1. Decisions have been made to shut down the "Huayi General Trade Center"--a 
joint operation of the Shanghai customshouse and the Putuo public security 
subbureau, which typified violations of the law by the law enforcement 
authority engaged in commerce, and to recover whatever profits it has gained 
through unlawful trading practices. 

2. The plan to open the “Huayi Trade Center” was conceived by the party 
leadership of the Shanghai customshouse and the Putuo public security 
subbureau under unhealthy ideological guidelines. After its opening, it was 
given a free hand to do whatever it wished. In the end, one serious problem 
after another that had something to do with recruiting and managment came to 
the surface, reflecting that their party leadership has moved away from a 
correct workstyle and discipline and had done something seriously wrong. For 
this reason, they should undergo a thorough self-examination and make its 
results public. 


3. In an effort to tighten up the enforcement of party discipline and teach 
party members and other individuals involved a lesson, and in consideration of 
their liability in the “Huayi” scandal and their attitude toward their 
mistakes, Qu Congyu [4234 5115 3768], director of the Shanghai customshouse 
and deputy secretary (or former secreatry) of its party organization, should 
be relieved of all his positions within the party, and his administrative unit 
should be advised to relieve him of his duties as director of the Shanghai 
customshouse; Cao Hengli [2580 1854 4409] and Nie Jinghua [5119 7231 5478], 
both deputy directors of the Shanghai customshouse and members of its party 
organization, were given a serious warning and a warning respectively by the 
party. Lu Yongxiang [4151 3057 4382], former director of the Putuo public 
security subbureau and former secretary of its party organization, was given a 
serious warning by the Putuo regional CPC committee under Shanghai 

4. Other who have been turned over to the court of justice before which they 
will face charges of violating laws and stand trial include Li Jincheng, 
deputy director of the Pututo public security subbureau and member of its 
party organization, and Chen Kunxing, deputy director of the smuggling 
investigation department of the Shanghai customshouse who were co-supervisors 
of the unlawful "“Huayi” economic and commercial speculative activities; Pan 
Jialin, general manager of the "Huayi” trade center and chief of the security 
section of the Putuo public security subbureau; Tao Zhonglin, "“Huayi” employee 
and cadre of the Putuo public security subbureau; Bai Jinhau [2672 6855 5478], 
director of the "“Huayi” business section and cadre of the Putuo public 
security subbureau; Nie Jiahua [0242 1696 5478], deputy director of the 
“Huayi” business section; and "“Huayi” employees Wang Hengming and Xie Guofang 
[6200 0948 5364]. Meanwhile, decisions have been made to remove Li Jincheng, 
Chen Kunxing, Pan Jialin, Tao Zhonglin, and Ni Jiahua as party members. 

cso: 4005/472 




run 1,400 schools or classes over the past 3 years to give its workers political 
training in rotation. Altogether 830,000 young workers, who are usually released 
from their work, have attended political courses offered by these schools. 

More than 300 enterprises have set up political schools. In addition, 153 

such schools are jointly run by special companies and neighboring enterprises. 
Political training among young workers under 30 centers on communist ideals 

and the historic mission of the working class. At the beginning of every 
course, the young workers in Shanghai Machine Tools Plant were asked to ponder 
the same question, "How can one make his or her life meaningful?" Now the 
schools have begun to teach scientific socialism and legal knowledge to all 

the workers and staff members. Political training is always linked with con- 
sideration of the most common ideological problems among the workers about the 
ongoing urban reforms. This deepens their understanding and arouses their 
enthusiasm for taking an active part in the reforms. Many raised suggestions 

to help the reform become successful. /Text/ /Beijing XINHUA in English 

0709 GMT 11 Feb 86 OW/ 12228 

Nothing" was presented in English by a group of Chinese and foreign teachers 
and students here today, as part of China's first Shakespeare Festival. The 
actors and actresses are from the Drama Society of the Foreign Language Depart- 
ment of Fudan University. Benedick and Beatrice, two main characters in the 
comedy, were played by Zhu Mingi and Si Rong, two teachers of English. Colin 
Lewis, a British teacher, played another character. The play was directed by 
Olivia Lillich, an American teacher of the department. "It was an unforgettable 
experience for me and my Chinese colleagues did a marvelous job," she said 
after the performance. Her mother sent an English tape from the United States 
to help the Chinese teachers and students. Founded in October 1985, the Drama 
Society now has 40 members, who played "The Merchant of Venice" in English not 
long ago. "We want to enrich our life and share Shakespeare with the whole 
world," said Zhou Jun, the president of the society. China's first Shakespeare 
Festival started on 10 April in Beijing and Shanghai. During the 2-week long 
festival, 24 plays of the famous English playwright and poet will be presented. 
/Text/ /Beijing XINHUA in English 1855 GMT 21 Apr 86 OW/ 12228 


SHANGHAI PARTY PROPAGANDA SCHOOL OPENS--With the approval of the Shanghai 
municipal CPC committee, the long-awaited party school for the city's 15,000 
propaganda cadres made its formal debut. Yesterday's opening ceremony for 
the first semester was attended by 52 leading and support cadres from propa- 
ganda systems involving news media, publication, film, literature, and art, 
along with theoretical circles and a number of prefectures and bureaus. The 
participants were urged to link theory with practice by closely coordinating 
the study of the relevant tenets of Marxism with a penetrating understanding 
of the CPC's guiding principles and policies so as to strengthen the party 
character and examine and promote a new phase in propaganda work. Through 
study, the students' levels of understanding political theories and policy 
guidelines could thus be raised further and their ability to use basic Marxist 
theories to resolve practical problems in the new period and under new circun- 
stances developed. Such a study course would therefore go a long way toward 
consciously implementing the spirit of the 4th and 5th Plenary Sessions of the 
12th CPC Congress and that of the CPC's National Congresses. [Text] [Shanghai 
JIEFANG RIBAO in Chinese 6 Nov 85 p 2] 12661 

CSO: 4005/383 



Beijing ZHONGGUO [CHINA] in Chinese No 3, 1986 pp 20-21 

[Text] He Huanfen, Senior Architect of the Academy of Architectural Design of 
Hubei and Central Committee Member of the Jiusan Society, was appointed Deputy 
Mayor of Wuhan City. In the city construction work which she takes charge of, 
she enforces the law with impartiality in handling one knotty problem after 
another. The masses praise her as “the Iron Mayor.” 

Born in Hong Kong and brought up in Macao, He Buanfen hurdled lots of frustra- 
tions in her high school days. She fought for women's right to attend col- 
lege, disregarded her family's opposition, and got admitted to the Department 
of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Sun Yatsen University. In those days 
there were only 10 females among 1,000-odd college students. Following her 
graduation in 1947 she was not even permitted to sign her name on the draft 
paper drawing she herself designed, simply because she was a woman. Jobless 
after her return to Macao, she was forced to darn socks and stockings in the 
street to support the family. 

In 1952, the third year following the establishment of the People's 
Government, He Huanfen and her husband Zeng Guangbin went to Wuhan to take up 
the jobs of Engineer offered in the academy of Architectural Design. Since 
the, she was no longer bullied and grieved for being a woman. In the Fifties 
while full-scale reconstruction in all areas was under way, Wuhan Theater, 
Wuchang Railroad Station, Radio/TV Building, etc. One project after another 
was handed over to wer charge in design work. With the seniors and others of 
the same gener2.ion showing concern for her, she devoted herself to study and 
research. Ste had a feeling that her energy was inexhaustible. But just as 
she was able to put her aspirations to good use, political storms set in, one 
after ai cher, and this person, born in Hong Kong, brought up in Macao, and 
with no small number of “overseas relations,” was deprived of her rights of 
design and drafting... So she thought her string of line was snapped. 

How was she to know that with the advent of the Eighties with its development 
and consolidation, she would be appointed Deputy Mayor after being nominated 

by Mayor Wu Guanzheng in July 1983? Upon hearing of this unexpected appoint- 
ment, she had this to say to the city leader: “Won't do. My level is so low 
that I don't know the right thing to say. I'm not equal tothe job.” But the 

Mayor replied, “We trust you, support you. Just go all out and give full rein 
to your abilities for the city construction of Wuhan.” 

On Sheshan, which stretches to the Yellow Crane Rock projecting over the 
river, the ruins of Jiangxia the ancient city remain faintly visible. Legend 
has it that in 208 A.D. the young commander of the Kingdom of East Wu com- 
manded a major battle there. One thousand seven hundred and seventy-five 
years afterwards, in the City-Planning Bureau of Wuhan, this classical allu- 
sion serves to “weed out the old to bring forth the new"--now a heart- 
saddening fact is likened to it: 

“How many unauthorized buildings are there in this city?” 
"As many as Caocao's troops and horses--830,000 sq m!" 

It happened on the day after He Huanfen assumed office. She couldn't sit 
idle. In the sweltering August days of Jiangcheng, she brought the City- 
Planning Bureau cadres to look into the streets and alleys of the three towns 
of Wuhan by day. And by night she read a large quantity of letters from 
readers, which were dispatched for her reference. The situation was very 
grave! These “troops and horses of Caocao's” had pitched up camps all over 
the city and encroached upon public piaces as they pleased. A street which 
had been 23 meters wide originally had gradually become a narrow alley. It 
seriously affected the appearance of the city and its traffic safety. 

He Huanfen resolutely carried out the city government's decision to pull down 
unauthorized buildings. Within a year, ring upon ring of resistance was 
overcome and 2,/60 unauthorized buildings were disposed of, 76 percent of the 
unauthorized buildings around schools were demolished. To make sure the 
people can live in a well-planned, orderly laid-out city, He Huanfen works 
hard day and night. 

Whenever a high-water season sets in, water gathers inside Wuhan City. As 
soon as He Huanfen took up the position, she was charged with the vital task 
in the technical engineering work of harnessing the Huangxiao River. There 
were countless water conservancy technology problems that were encountered in 
the river waters harnessing project, and it presented new challenges to her. 
Humbly she consulted and learnt from the technologists. Together with them 
she did field prospecting, interpreted data, and familiarized herself with 
water situations. It took her only 6 months to complete the first phase of 
the Huangxiao River harnessing project. Thus the drainage condition on the 
west side of Hankou was improved and the gravity of water gathering in the 
Hankou region during high-water season was alleviated. He Huanfen was invited 
to the pump house for ribbon cutting. From an upper floor in the building she 
watched six big pumping units in turn start draining, and her heart swelled 
with emotion like the rippling water. 

At present, He Huanfen is in charge of such major construction projects as: 
Wuhan International Airport, Changjiang Bridge No 2, the moving of Hankou 
Railway outside Downtown Hankou, Hankou Passenger Traffic Port and Civil Gas, 
together with the work relating to the feasibility study and plan examination 


and approval of multi-storey buildings. She said, “My time is running out. 

I've got to dedicate my limited years and energy to the motherland and people 
that have brought me up. That's the ideal I've been after all life long.” 

CsO: 4005/516 



Zhengzhou HENAN RIBAO in Chinese 10 Jan 86 p 1 

{Article by Liu Chuanhe [0491 0278 3109]: "One-third of Cadres in Organiza- 
tions Directly Under the Jurisdiction of the Province are Sent to the Grass- 
roots Level for Investigation and Research; The Provincial CPC Committee and 
the Provincial Government Ask that in the Future This Become an Institution" ] 

[Text] Organizations directly under the jurisdiction of the province have 
recently taken one-third of their cadres, approximately 3,000 people, and 
assigned them in succession to different places to carry out investigation 
and research, as well as to assist with work. The Provincial CPC Committee 
and the provincial government stressed that, in the future, organizations 
directly under the jurisdiction of the province will regularly send one-third 
of their cadres to the grassroots level to do investigation and research work, 
and that this will gradually become an institution. 

The important tasks of this group of cadres being sent to the grassroots 

level are: to examine the conditions and the implementation of the principles, 
policies, and stipulations already issued by the party Central Committee and 
the province; to investigate and research the reform of the economy, the 
reforms of the educational, scientific, and technological systems, as well as 
the new conditions and problems emerging from the construction of socialist 
spiritual civilization; and to conscientiously help the grassroots level 
resolve some practical problems. 

The current investigation is led by the Provincial CPC Committee, 7 leading 
comrades of the provincial government, 163 cadres from provincial departments, 
and 600 section level cadres. The requirements of the Provincial CPC Committee 
and the provincial government are that each investigative group must spend 

3 to 6 months in investigation, and must write substantial investigative 
reports. Some problems can be solved on the spot at the grassroots level. 
Regarding difficult or vital problems, suggestions need to be made to the 
Provincial CPC Committee and the provincial government for their reference 
when making policy decisions. At the same time, it was stressed that comrades 
sent down should carry out their work under the leadership of the local Party 
committee and government. They should not accept bribes or gifts, and should 
become one with the masses, playing the role of initiators in correcting 
unhealthy tendencies. 

CSO: 4005/549 


Zhengzhou HENAN RIBAO in Chinese 28 Jan 86 p l 

[Article by Zhang Jing [1728 7231]: "Recently Convened Province-wide Sympo- 
sium on Propaganda Work Stresses That New Aspects of the Central Task of 
Initiating Propaganda Work Are To Be Centered On the Party"] 

[Text] - How should we assess the situation of the propaganda front in our 
province in recent years? What is the focal point of propaganda work this 
year? The Propaganda Department of the Henan Provincial CPC Committee 
responded to the above questions by convening and presiding over a province- 
wide symposium on propaganda work during 21-26 January. 

The comrades participating in the symposium unanimously held that, in the 7 
years since the 3d Plenary Session of the llth party Central Committee, the 
status of the propaganda and ideological fronts in our province is the same 

as the status of the economy and of political affairs throughout the province; 
namely, that it is one of the best and most crucial periods since the founding 
of our country. This is the main trend but, at the same time, many problems 
still exist. For example, the principle of the exchange of commodities defi- 
nitely intrudes, to a certain extent, into the political life of the party: 
decadent and capitalist ideology is growing somewhat; some places have revived 
feudal, superstitious activities; we were swamped for a time with unhealthy 
small newspapers and obscene videotape products. In many places and many 
units, the phenomena of neglecting the construction of socialist spiritual 
civilization, and the slackening of ideological and political work exists. 
Some of these problems have already been corrected, and some have caused the 
party committee at all levels to pay close attention. 

In light of these kinds of conditions, the focal point of this year's propa- 
ganda work is, first of all, to continue to concentrate on economic reform 
propaganda. To strengthen confidence, an educated public should approach 
this reform from the high plane of the two-line struggle and the depths of 
theory. We need to actively emphasize propaganda that the party style and 
the general mood of society have basically taken a turn for the better. To 
emphasize the improvement of the mood of the society, one first of all needs 
to emphasize the improvement of party style; to emphasize the improvement of 
the party style, one first of all needs to begin emphasizing the leading 
cadres and organizations. At the same time, we need to take further steps 

to emphasize education in policy and in the "Four Haves" (to have ideals, 
morals, knowledge, and discipline); to educate cadres in Marxist theory; to 
enable everyone to understand the overall situation, and to do their own pro- 
fession in order to realize the overall task of the party and the overall 
objective of uniting in struggle. In short, this year's propaganda work needs 
to uphold four basic principles: become closely involved with propaganda; act 
in the spirit of the National Conference of party delegates; unite closely 
with the central task of the party; and make new contributions to our pro- 
vince's two socialist civilizations. 

The symposium held that excelling at propaganda work requires that we not 
only strengthen our investigation and research work, strive to feel the pulse 
of mass thought, and strengthen the direction of propaganda work. We must 
also insist on seeking truth from facts, improve the accuracy of propaganda 
work, and at the same time continuously strengthen the building of our own 
propaganda ranks. 

Comrade Hou Zhiying [0186 1807 5391], Standing Committee member of the Henan 
Provincial CPC Committee and Director of the Propaganda Department, made the 
concluding speech. He stressed that, first of all, propaganda work needs to 
be intensified. Under no circumstances should we lose contract with the 
overall task of the new period and the central work of the party. We should 
unite closely, and serve conscientiously to implement ideological work from 
the start to the finish. Secondly, the division of labor in the party and 
government should be clear-cut, and we need to draw a clear distinction 
between the Propaganda Department of the party Committee, and staff members of 
related departments on the propaganda front. The daily work of the Propaganda 
Department itself also has primary and secondary divisions, and cannot try to 
attend to big and small matters all at the same time. The important daily 
task of the Propaganda Department is still to stress ideological education, 
and the major general and specific policies and Marxist-Leninist theories of 
propaganda education. Moreover, we need to highlight main points in the 
subject matter of propaganda in order to better handle the research of high 
administrative problems and propaganda education. Propaganda must have a 
definite scope and, on the basis of that scope, strive for depth, making 
itself known to every household, striking root in the hearts of the people. 

We need to follow the mass line, be adept at mobilizing and organizing the 

masses, and concentrate together on doing the same thing. We need to strengthen 

our aim, strive for substantial results, adopt more diversified propaganda 
means and methods, and adapt these to the needs of the various social levels 
of the masses. Propaganda cadres need to diligently study Marxism-Leninism; to 
vigorously do investigation and research work; to attach importance to the 
summation of their own experience, renewed knowledge, and so forth; and to do 
something worthwhile to intensify the stress placed on the important measures 
and substance of propaganda work. 

On the afternoon of the 24th, Comrade Yang Xizong [2799 2649 4844], Secretary 
of the Henan Provincial CPC Committee attended the conference, listened to the 
reports and speeches given by his comrades, and then made an important speech. 
In his speech, he emphasized that all levels of the Party Committee and the 
government must attach importance to ideological and political work and the 


construction of socialist spirit and culture. Cadres engaged in propaganda, 

ideological, and political work need to diligently improve their own sense of 
worth, to squeeze in study time among their work practices, to master exten- 
sive knowledge, and to continuously enhance and improve themselves. He hopes 
that the propaganda front in our province will produce more ideological and 

political specialists so that we can contribute even more of our strength to 
the construction of a socialism that possesses uniquely Chinese characteristics. 

Municipal Party Committee propaganda directors, responsible cadres of units 
directly under the jurisdiction of the province, the Zhengzhou Railway Bureau, 
the Huanghe River Committee, and the Party Committee of the Zhengyuan Oil 
Fields, as well as section propaganda directors from institutions of higher 
learning and county (municipal) CPC Committees everywhere attended the sympo- 

CSO: 4005/549 


HK260903 Zhengzhou Henan Provincial Service in Mandarin 1030 GMT 24 Apr 86 

/Text/ On 18 and 19 April, the Propaganda Department of the provincial CPC 
Committee organized a forum in Xingyang County on rural ideological and poli- 
tical work for leading comrades of the propaganda departments of all prefectural 
and city CPC committees and some counties. They discussed the problems of the 
current general mood of society of the rural areas. 

The forum pointed out: It is necessary to understand fully the seriousness 
and harm of the unhealthy trends, including feudal and superstitious practices, 
extravagant wedding and funeral ceremonies, and gambling, now emerging in rural 
areas. The forum emphasized: Party organizations at all levels must simul- 
taneously grasp two civilizations and resist and curb unhealthy trends, 
including feudal and superstitious practices, extravagant wedding and funeral 
ceremonies, and gambling, as an important part of building socialist spiritual 
civilization. It is essential to vigorously strengthen rural ideological and 
political work and to use communist ideology to educate the cadres and the 
masses. At present, it is imperative to stress conducting education on the 
situation and policies with the documents of the fourth session of the sixth 
NPC as the central content, to strengthen knowledge of the legal system, and 

to popularize scientific knowledge so that the peasants can conscientiously 
change prevailing habits and customs, strive to create five~-good families, and 
build socialist civilized villages and towns. 

At the forum, comrades of Xingyang and Huaiyang Counties and (Liuzhuang), 
Xinxiang County, introduced the experiences of party members and cadres in 
setting an example, resisting unhealthy trends, establishing mass committees 
for guiding the change of prevailing habits and customs, formulating village 
regulations and rules, and using varied, colorful, healthy, and progressive 
cultural and physical cultural activities to occupy the rural cultural position. 

CSO: 4005/662 


HK290947 Changsha Hunan Provincial Service in Mandarin 2300 GMT 28 Apr 86 

/Excerpts/ The 18th meeting of the 6th provincial People's Congress Standing 
Committee concluded yesterday /28 April/. Yesterday afternoon, the third 
plenary meeting was held; Chairman Jiao Linyi presided. 

The meeting adopted the Hunan Provincial regulations on the labor protection 
of industrial enterprises; approved the régulations governing the autonomy of 
Xinhuang Dong Autonomous County, Hunan Province, the resolution on enforcing 
the PRC law of compulsory education, and the report on the examination of 
deputies made by the credentials committee of the provincial People's Congress 
Standing Committee; and affirmed the validity of the qualifications of the 15 
deputies, including (Jiang Jinsheng), for whom a byelection had been held. 

The meeting decided to hold the fourth session of the sixth provincial Yeople's 
Congress on 21 May. 

The meeting appointed (Wang Xiaofeng) as chairman of the provincial Family 
Planning Commission, (You Pei) as director of the provincial Public Health 
Department, and (Xu Youliang) as director of the provincial Audit Bureau. 

Vice chairmen Huang Daogi, Ji Zhaoqing, Luo Qiuyue, Xu Tiangui, Qi Shouliang, 
Shi Bangzhi, Kong Anmin, Xie Xinying, and Li Tiangeng attended the meeting. 
Vice Governor Chen Bangzhu, provincial People's Procuratorate Chief Procurator 
Ma Chunyi, responsible persons of the provincial People's Higher Court and 
relevant departments under the provincial People's Government, and chairmen of 
some county People's Congress standing committees in the six cities under the 
jurisdiction of the provincial government and in Xiangxi Tujia-Miao Autonomous 
‘refecture attended the meeting as nonvoting delegates. 

The sixth Hunan provincial People's Congress now has 997 deputies. 

CSO: 4005/662 




TWO OFFICIALS REMOVED FROM POSTS--This morning, the 19th meeting of the 6th 
Provincial People's Congress Standing Committee decided that the 5th session 
of the 6th Provincial People's Congress would be held in Guangzhou on 21 May 
1986. At this morning's meeting, a proposed agenda for the Fifth Session of 
the Sixth Provincial People's Congress is adopted and it would be submitted to 
the preparatory meeting of the Fifth Session of the Sixth Provincial People's 
Congress for approval. Since Liang Guang and (Yan Yijun) resigned from their 
posts as chairman and vice chairman of the Credentials Examination Committee 
of the Provincial People's Congress Standing Committee at the Fourth Session 
of the Sixth Provincial People's Congress in August 1985, a decision was 
adopted at this morning's meeting to remove them from the posts. Comrade Luo 
Keming and (Yang Jun) were appointed chairman and vice chairman of the Cre- 
dentials Examination Committee of the Provincial People's Congress Standing 
Committee. /Text/ -/Guangzhou Guangdong Provincial Service in Mandarin 1000 
GMT 28 Apr 86 HK/ 12228 

HENAN HOLDS FORUM--The Organization Department of the provincial CPC Committee 
recently held a provincial forum on the work of implementing the policy toward 
intellectuals, demanding that all places strive to accomplish the tasks of 
implementing the policy toward intellectuals before the end of this year. 

Since our province conveyed and implemented the spirit of the national forum on 
the implementation of the policy toward intellectuals in July last year, it has 
completed two-thirds of the tasks of solving the intellectuals’ problems left 
over by history. However, work has developed very unevenly. Some units have 

a slack mood and a fear of difficulty. Tre forum demanded that the places which 
have this situation arouse their enthusiasm, strengthening their sense of 
urgency, and be bold in and responsible for handling the left over problems 
well. While completing the tasks of solving the problems left over by history 
and carrying out the tasks of implementing the policy toward intellectuals, 

we must seriously do well the all-round and normal work concerning the intel- 
lectuals. We must help the intellectuals get rid of worries and resolve 
difficulties and improve their conditions for work, study, and livelihood in a 
down-to-earth manner and as far as possible on the one hand and lead them to 
show concern for the important world and state events on the other hand so that 
they can vigorously plunge into the four modernizations. /Text/ /Zhengzhou 
Henan Provincial Service in Mandarin 1030 GMT 23 Apr 86 HK/ 12228 


regional People's Congress victoriously concluded in Nanning this afternoon 
after completing all its agenda. The executive chairmen present at the closing 
ceremony were Chen Huiguang, Gan Ku, Kuang Yun, Qin Yingji, Jin Baosheng, Zhong 
Feng, Li Yindan, Lin Kewu, Shi Zhaotang, Huang Jia, Zhao Mingjian, Wei Zhangting, 
Gan Huaiyu, Qin Zhenwu, and (Zhang Jinming). The session approved six resolu- 
tions by show of hands. Gan Ku, chairman of the regional People's Congress 
Standing Committee, delivered the closing speech. /Excerpts/ /Nanning Guangxi 
Regional Service in Mandarin 1000 GMT 4 May 86 HK/ 12228 

HUBEI SCHEDULES PEOPLE'S CONGRESS SESSION--The 2lst meeting of the 6th Hubei 
Provincial People's Congress Standing Committee, which opened in Wuchang today, 
decided that the 4th session of the 6th provincial people's Congress will open 
in Wuhan on 6 May. Han Ningfu, chairman of the standing committee, presided 
at the meeting today, /Excerpt/ /Wuhan Hubei Provincial Service in Mandarin 
1100 GMT 2 May 86 HK/ 12228 

DEATH OF CPPCC MEMBER--Comrade Guo Dihuo [6753 2769 3172], member of the 
Standing Committee of the Sixth National CPPCC Committee and vice-chairman 

of the Standing Committee of the Guangdong Provincial People's Congress, died 
of illness on 9 April 1986 in Guangzhou at the age of 82. [Summary] 
[Guangzhou NANFANG RIBAO in Chinese 11 Apr 86 p 1] /12232 

CPPCC MEMBER LI DIES --Comrade Li Boqiu [2621 0130 3808], member of the 
Standing Committee of the National CPPCC Committee and vice-chairman of the 
Fifth Guangdong Provincial CPPCC Committee, died of illness on 1] April 1986 
in Guangzhou at the age of 82. [Summary] [Guangzhou NANFANG RIBAO in 
Chinese 11 Apr 86 p 1] /12232 

CSO: 4005/688 



Guiyang GUIZHOU RIBAO in Chinese 26 Jan 86 p 1 

[Unattributed Article: "Proper Work Style of the Party Begins with the 
Standing Committee Itself: The Standing Committee of the Provincial Party 
Committee Formulates Regulations To Strengthen Ideology and Work Style 
Constructions" ] 

[Text] Recently, members of the standing committee of the Guizhou provincial 
party committee have conscientiously learned from the series of important 
speeches on the proper work style of the party delivered by the leading 
comrades of the central authorities at the General Meeting of Cadres of the 
Party Central Committee Organs. Based on the spirit that the proper work 
style of the party begins with the standing committee of the provincial 

party committee itself, members of the standing committee discussed and 
formulated "Some Regulations Pertaining to the Enhancement of Ideology and 
Work Style Constructions of the Standing Committee of the Provincial Party 
Committee."" These regulations are: 

1. Enhance the Study of Marxist Theories and Other Related Areas of Culture 

Every standing committee member must emphasize the study of Marxist theories 
and make an effort to improve his own conceptual quality. Set up a practical 
schedule based on his own theoretical basis and diligently study the original 
works of Marx and the expositions of the leading comrades of the party Central 
Committee on the construction of a socialism with Chinese characteristics. 
Besides individual studies, members should also methodically organize group 
studies and discussions: standing committee group studies should take up no 
less than 2 and % days a month. Members should regularly attend these group 
studies and must not take leave without good reason. Members must maintain 

a study style of integrating theory with practice. By studying, they learn 
to understand better the party line and the party's general and specific 
policies and understand better the construction of a socialism with Chinese 
characteristics and they fortify their sense of principle, system, foresight, 
and creativity in every task. 

Every member of the standing committee must become an integral part of his 

assigned responsibilities. He must diligently acquire relevant professional 
knowledge and administrative know-how and strive to be an expert in his 


assigned area of responsibility. At the same time, he must also pay attention 
to learning other sciences and basic legal theories and be familiar with the 
laws and regulations pertaining to his own line of work. 

2. Maintain Unity with the Party Central Committee in Ideology and Politics 

Members of the standing committee must seriously study, repeatedly examine, 
and thoroughly understand the true essence of the party Central Committee's 
political lines and general and specific policies as well as the major 
instructions of the party Central Committee's leading comrades, and they must 
relate them to the actual situations in Guizhou when implementing those 
policies and instructions. They must explicitly oppose and take effective 
measures and stop and rectify all activities specifically prohibited by the 
party Central Committee. They must purposefully carry out, and strive to 
accomplish, the tasks required or promoted by the party Central Committee; 
they must not neglect or evade their responsibilities. 

Members of the standing committee must uphold the party's practical and 
realistic ideology. Integrate the party Central Committee's political lines 
and specific and general policies with Guizhou's actual situation and, in 
the spirit of blazing a new trail, launch their tasks with enthusiasm, 
initiative, and creativity. 

3. Energetically Promote the Trend of Investigations and Studies 

Every year, members of the standing committee should spend no less than 3 
months in the primary units to conduct investigations and studies in the 
countryside, the factories, the mines, the stores, and the schools. These 
investigations should be goal-oriented and methodical. The members should 
grasp the apparent situations and, more importantly, analyze typical cases. 
Each member of the standing committee should b2come an integral part of 

his assigned responsibilities and pay attention to the enhancement of ideology 
and political works and the fortification of the constructions of socialism 
and spiritual civilization. 

Integrate the tasks of investigations and studies with reforms. Within the 
standing committee, there should be prompt exchanges of the results of the 
investigations and studies, and there should be in-depth analyses of the 
problems reflected in such investigations, which should be taken into serious 
consideration when plotting strategies. 

Promote friendship with the workers, the farmers, and the intellectuals, 
Advocate the establishment of personal contact points with the primary units, 
Promote a trend in "reading, conducting investigations and studies, and 
writing." Advocate a work style of extending good and practical services to 
the grassroots and the masses. 

4. Further Amplify the System of Democratic Centralism 
Uphold the system of the integration of group leadership and personal 

responsibility. Major issues must be discussed and decided by the standing 


committee as a group. Internally, the standing committee must fully manifest 
democracy and promote freedom of speech, In ratifying decisions, uphold the 
principle that the minority is subordinate to the majority, the individual to 
the organization. Individuals are entitled to differences of opinion, but they 
must show unity in action. When speaking on behalf of the provincial party 
committee at major functions, the members of the standing committee must first 
discuss their viewpoints with the standing committee as a group; the speeches 
are to be drafted by the relevant department and examined and approved by the 
standing committee. Every member of the standing committee must boldly bear 
his job responsibilities and take the initiative. Members should responsibly 
make clear suggestions on matters which require the attention and decision 

of the standing committee. 

Further accentuate the separation of party and politics so that members of the 
standing committee can spend more time and energy on the important matters of 
studying and implementing the party's general and specific policies. They 
must fully manifest the function and purpose of the government. Administra- 
tive matters should be taken care of by the provincial government. Serious 
matters that require the attention of the standing committee of the provincial 
party committee should be referred to the provincial party committee by the 
party organization of the provincial government. 

Fully manifest the function and purpose of all departments of the provincial 
party committee. The standing committee should not decide matters within the 
domain of individual departments, nor should the provincial party committee 
interfere. The standing committee should methodically listen to reports on 
major issues from the departments and put forward its guiding suggestions. 

Members of the standing committee should support each other and enhance their 
solidarity. They should seriously launch criticisms and self-criticisms. 
Suggestions should be brought out in the open; behind-the-back criticisms that 
impair solidarity will not be tolerated. The standing committee should hold 
internal meetings on democratic life twice a year. 

5. Uphold the Party's Integrity and Ability; Appoint Cadres on Their Merits 

Every member of the standing committee has the right and the obligation to 
discover and recommend cadres. Cadre recommendations must be fair and 
upright. Insist on ability and integrity; appoint people on their merits. 
Recruit from "all corners of the land" not just those who are close and 
acquiescent. Cadre appointments must be discussed by the standing committee 
as a group; no one individual may make a decision on his own or impose his 
decision on the organization. All cadres, no matter on whose recommendation, 
must be examined and appraised by the organization department before they 

are referred to the standing committee for their final concerted approval. 

6. Refrain from Seeking Special Authority, Personal Gain, or Individual 

Each member of the standing committee must take the initiative in obeying 
the "Principles Pertaining to Political Life in the Party." He should lead in 


obeying the constitution and the law and lead in the struggle against 
violations of discipline. He should educate his own family and children and 
demand that they obey law and order, Standing committee members must strictly 
follow the regulations of the party Central Committee and the State Council 

on matters of housing, cars, and staff member assignments, 

When committee members go down to the grassroots for investigations and 
studies, they must not expect the local or county leading comrades to arrange 
special welcomes or send-offs or accompany them at every step. There should 
be no special receptions or gifts or souvenirs. The standing committee member 
must pay regular fares for their food and lodging. There should not be 
special welcomes or send-offs when members go abroad on business. 

Newspapers and radio and television stations must not single out individual 
committee members for publicity. They may make suitable reports on the 
committee members' visits to the grassroots, but should minimize reports on 
their everyday discussions and activities. 

Members of the standing committee should attend the organized activities of 
the party branches as average party members. They should be addressed as 
"comrades" and not by their official titles. 

7. Seriously Implement These Regulations 

In mid-year and at the end of each year, the standing committee should review 

its work progress and make a brief summary or a full report. 

CSO: 4005/581 



Guiyang GUIZHOU RIBAO in Chinese 30 Jan 86 pp 1, 2 

/Article: "Provincial Party Committee Convened Leaders of the Provincial 
Organs Directly Under the Party Central Committee To Report on the Progress 
in Studying the Speeches of the Party Central Committee Leaders; Requesting 
the Provincial Organs To Set an Example for the Whole Province in Party 

/Text/ Yesterday, the provincial party committee convened a meeting of leading 
cadres of the provincial organs directly under the party Central Committee to 
report on the progress in studying the major speeches of the party Central 

Committee leaders and on the situation of party rectification. At the conference, 

provincial party committee secretary Hu Jintao made an important speech on the 
duty of the provincial organs to set an example for the whole province in 
rectifying party style. 

On 20 January, the provincial party committee dispatched a circular on the 
conscientious learning of the speeches of the party Central Committee leaders 
delivered at the general meeting of the cadres of the central organs and 
requested that party and government organizations at all levels organize the 
party members and the cadres to study seriously and in a practical manner and 
play the vanguard role in rectifying party style. Over the last 10 days, local 
party and government organizations have widely organized cadres and party 
members to launch the studies. In order to review the progress made in the 
previous phase by these provincial organs, and in order to exchange experience, 
locate discrepancies, formulate policies, guide the studies toward a greater 
depth, and promote further the movement of inducing the provincial organs to 
set an example for the whole province, the provincial party committee convened 
the leaders of various department committees and party organizations of the 
party Central Committee's provincial organs to report on_the progress of the 
studies. The meeting was presided over by Ding Tingmo /0002 1694 287/, deputy 
secretary of the provincial party committee. At this report-back meeting, the 
provincial party committee of the Communist Youth League, the provincial 
finance department, the provincial people's administrative office, the provin- 
cial higher people's court, and the party organizations of the provincial 
cultural associations reported on their respective progress. Because the 
leaders stressed the importance, these units had a good grasp on the studies, 
and they integrated studies with practice: concurrently they studied, investi- 
gated and corrected mistakes, and achieved good results. Their methods 
enlightened the comrades at the conference. 


After hearing the reports, Comrade Hu Jintao made an important speech on the 
duty of the provincial organs directly under the party Central Committee to 
set an example in rectifying the party style for the whole province. In his 
speech, he first confirmed that most units in the party Central Committee's 
provincial organs have vigorously organized the party members and cadres to 
study conscientiously, as requested by the provincial party committee. The 
result is good. But the overall situation is unsatisfactory and is far from 
meeting the requirements of the party Central Committee. Moreover, some units 
have not studied hard enough, and they have not made an effort to implement 
the demands of the party Central Committee and the provincial party committee. 
It is hoped that the unit leaders of these provincial organs will pay ample 
attention and quickly take steps to study seriously and conscientiously. 

Comrade Hu Jintao emphatically pointed out that the study of the major speeches 
of the party Central Committee leaders is the extension and permeation of 
studying and implementing the spriit of the National Congress of the CPC and 

is an important strategy in enhancing the construction of the spiritual civil- 
ization; it is the effective measure for rectifying party style and for 
realizing the two fundamental improvements. Only by studying, and by 
thoroughly educating the general party members and the cadres in party spirit, 
party style, and party discipline, so that everybody understands clearly the 
significance of the vanguard role of the party Central Committee's provincial 
organs in rectifying party style, realizes his own responsibilities, and con- 
sciously increases his abilities to resist the corrosive ideologies of 
capitalism and feudalism under these new historical conditions, only then can 
we create the favorable ideology and political environment for rectifying the 
unhealthy tendencies and for investigating and handling unlawful practices. 

In organizing the studies, first emphasize conscientiousness and sincerity; 
guard against vague generalizations, avoid superficiality, and oppose lip 
service. Second, integrate practicality, expose problems, and locate discre- 
pancies; never rely on empty words or speak in generality. Third, get involved. 
Leading cadres must spearhead the studies, measure against the standards, and 
lead in rectifying the unhealthy tendencies. 

Hu Jintao continued to say that the provincial organs directly under the party 
Central Committee must treat the task of spearheading the rectification of the 
work style of the organs and the unhealthy tendencies of the party and of 
setting an example for the whole province as their primary duty toward organ- 
izational constructions. Here, first consider the status and the function of 
the party Central Committee's provincial organs. They are the commanders and 
the general staff in rallying the people to develop and build up Guizhou, to 
invigorate the province, and to enrich the people. The morale in these pro- 
vincial organs and their performance will directly affect the whole province. 
If their problems are not solved, we cannot speak authoritatively; we will not 
be convincing. Therefore, in order to realize the fundamental improvements in 
party style throughout the province, we must start with grasping the provincial- 
level organs. Second, consider the present condition of the party style of the 
provincial organs. In recent years, there have been fundamental improvements. 
The vast majority of party members and cadres in these provincial organs are 
good or fair. But we must not ignore the fact that there are unhealthy ten- 
dencies, as pointed out by the party Central Committee leaders. There is a 


bureaucratic style of work, liberalism in politics, individualism in ideology, 
and selfish departmentalism in work; in matters of employment and service, 
often personal favors are substituted for party spirit, personal relations are 
substituted for principle, and there is remissness in organization and leniency 
in discipline. These unhealthy tendencies are reflected in varying degrees in 
some units and departments. Some situations are more serious, and there are 
isolated cases of gross violations of the law. Without rectifying the unhealthy 
tendencies in the party it will be difficult to assume our glorious historical 
responsibilities, and it will affect the progress of the province's four 
modernizations efforts. No matter how we look at it, the provincial organs 
directly under the party Central Committees must set an example for the whole 
province in improving the work style of the organization and rectifying the 
unhealthy tendencies in the party. 

In discussing specific requirements to correct the unhealthy tendencies and 
rectify party work style, Comrade Hu Jintao said that in accordance with the 
party Central Committee's guiding principle of, first, be firm and, second, 
be persistent in rectifying the party work style, correcting unhealthy ten- 
dencies, and banishing corrupt phenomena, the party Central Committee's 
provincial organs must pay attention to the following points: (1) grasp 
firmly and earnestly. The party organizations and discipline inspection 
commissions must pay special attention to the leading comrades and assign top 
priority to the task of rectifying the party's unhealthy tendencies to ensure 
a correct ideology, lucid condition, and firm resolution. Grasp ruthlessly 
and relentlessly. In order to satisfy the prerequisites of thorough investi- 
gations of problems, boldly make decisions, and never procrastinate or hesitate. 
(2) Strive to grasp the practical. We cannot just talk about rectifying 
unhealthy tendencies or stop at acknowledging its importance and necessity. 

We must start with specific problems and cases, solve the problems one by one, 
and seriously investigate and handle the cases one by one. At present we must 
start with the six areas of unhealthy tendencies as demanded in the documents 
of the party Central Committee office and the State Council office. Never 
hide the problems, never investigate without rectifying the problems, or worse 
yet simultaneously investigate and commit crimes. (3) Ruthlessly grasp the 
investigation and handling of major and crucial cases. Staunchiy uphold this 
task and dare to tackle the tough. The investigation and handling of cases 
involving leading cadres, their families and relatives are especially critical. 
Those who commit serious economic crimes must be given harsh punishments. 

There can be no leniency. (4) The leaders must lead. Rectifying party work 
style must start with our leading cadrds. They must set an example, practice 
what they preach, and face up to tests. Not only must they refrain from 
unhealthy tendencies, but they must educate and train their children and 
families. Those comrades whose party work style is flawed or erroneous must 
heighten their awareness, submit themselves to examinations, and resolve to 
make amendments. When family members violate laws and regulations, we must 
support the discipline inspection commissions and the government judicial 
departments in their serious investigation and handling according to the Laws 
of the state and discipline of the party. Here we must reiterate that the 
standing committee of the provincial party committee welcomes the regular 
supervision by the general party members, the cadres, and the public and 
welcomes criticisms and the exposure of any flaws and mistakes in our tendencies 

and style of work. The standing committee of the provincial party committee 
is determined that rectification should begin with the committee itself. 

(5) Grasp with both hands. With one hand grasp the socialist material civili- 
zation constructions, with the other hand grasp the socialist spiritual 
civilization constructions. With one hand, grasp constructions, with the other 
hand grasp the legal system. Grasp external opendoor policy and internal 
revitalization with one hand, and grasp the crackdown on serious economic 
crimes with the other hand. In short, we must uphold the general policies 

of reforms and liberations, and we must conscientiously implement the duty to 
rectify the party's unhealthy tendencies and improve the general morale of 
society. These goals must never be changed. 

Finally Comrade Hu Jintao pointed out that during the studies, the examinations, 
and the rectifications, we must mobilize the public but must not stir up a 
commotion; we must amplify the party's system of democratic life and correctly 
conduct criticism and self-criticism, but we must not make the process into 

an ordeal for everybody or make it into a political campaign. The party Central 
Committee is determined to carry out this task of party rectification and has 
formulated correct guiding principles and strategies. As long as we comply 
with the requirements of the party Central Committee and grasp the task in an 
down-to-earth manner, we will succeed. The provincial organs directly under 
the party Central Committees will successfully set an example for the whole 

CSO: 4005/619 



Guiyang GUIZHOU RIBAO in Chinese 22 Feb 86 p l 

[Article by Pu Defu [5543 1795 1381]: "Simplify Structure, Increase 
Efficiency: 60 Nonpermanent Provincial Organs Eliminated"] 

[Text] The provincial party committee and the provincial government have 
recently decided to eliminate 60 various nonpermanent organs and combine 2 
other organs, 

Since the 1983 organization reform in this province, 68 provincial-level 
organs have been added to the 30 preserved from the pre-reform days, making a 
total of 98 organs with an authorized size of 205 staff members. These 
nonpermanent organs have their specific functions at various times but too 
many of them also have created problems: leaders have to assume too many 
concurrent posts, and there has been an increase in links and steps within 
the functioning departments, which adversely affects efficiency. The 
provincial party committee and the provincial government therefore have 
decided to streamline the various leading groups and committees and other 
nonpermanent provincial organs. To date, 46 of these organs have been 
eliminated, 14 will expire in time, and 35 will be temporarily preserved. 

The provincial party committee and the provincial government request that 
during this period of cuts and consolidations, the affiliated provincial 
departments conscientiously prepare their staff ideologically and politically 
and prepare themselves for smooth transitions to insure that work can 

proceed normally. The assets and funds of the eliminated organs must not be 
seized or appropriated for private use or arbitrarily transferred; violators 
will be severely punished. The provincial party committee and provincial 
government also request that prefectures, zhous, cities, and counties should 
also seriously consider streamlining their nonpermanent organs according to 
local conditions. 

CSO: 4005/581 



Chengdu SICHUAN RIBAO in Chinese 11 Mar 86 p 1 

[Article by Chen Nengwen [7115 5174 2429]: "The Provincial Commission for 
Discipline Inspection Convened the Seventh Plenary Session of the Enlarged 
Party Committee Meeting; Conscientiously Implement the Party Central 
Committee's Instructions on Grasping the Work Style of the Party; This Year 
the Main Tasks in Discipline Inspection Are: (1) Concentrate on Stopping 
Unhealthy Tendencies; (2) Continue To Investigate and Deal with Major and 
Critical Cases; (3) Strictly Enforce Discipline; (4) Utilize Positive and 
Negative Examples To Enhance Party Spirit Education"] 

[Text] Sichuan Province's CPC commission for discipline inspection held the 
seventh plenary session of the enlarged party committee meeting from 5 to 

10 March. The commission's deputy secretary, Cao Qingze [2580 1987 3419] 
relayed the gist of the Seventh Plenary Session of the Central Commission for 
Discipline Inspection. The committee members discussed the situations in the 
province, summed up the tasks, exchanged experiences, and discussed the goals 
and tasks for 1986. 

Xu Mengxia [6079 1125 0204], member of the Central Commission for Discipline 
Inspection and chairman of the provincial advisory commission; Zhang Lixing 
[1728 0500 5887], member of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection; 
and Xu Chun [6079 1557], member of the standing committee of the provincial 
party committee; and other comrades attended and spoke at the conference. 
Wang Yichun [3769 0001 4783], secretary of the province's commission for 
discipline inspection, reported on work progress in 1985 as well as plans for 

The comrades who participated in the enlarged meeting conducted practical and 
in-depth studies of the essence of the Seventh Plenary Session of the Central 
Commission for Discipline Inspection. On the basis of grasping the essence 

of the documents, the committee members reviewed the progress of our province's 
discipline inspection works in the past year. In 1985, our province's 
discipline inspection commissions at every level conscientiously encompassed 
reforms and integrated party rectifications and followed the series of 
instructions from the party Central Commission to stop the new and unhealthy 
tendencies, They have basically halted or drastically reduced the practices 

among party and government organs and cadres of setting up private business 

or enterprises; awarding clothing, money, and subsidies arbitrarily; drawing 
unauthorized salaries; misappropriating public funds to purchase luxury goods 
for the staff; profiteering on steel products and automobiles; and printing 
and distributing obscene publications and showing pornographic videotapes. In 
matters of investigating and handling major and critical cases, they followed 
the provincial party committee's instructions and concentrated on breakthroughs. 
Leading comrades of the provincial party committee and its commission for 
discipline inspection personally went to various areas to investigate and to 
supervise and guide the investigation and handling of major and critical cases 
and achieved good results. They took further steps in striking against 
criminal activities in the economic realm; they solidified and expanded the 
achievements in correcting new and unhealthy trends. Ever since the party 
Central Committee handed down the notice on solving the serious problems in 
the work style of the various organs, the provincial party committees have 
carried out a comprehensive clean-up and rectification in the provincial 

level organs and dealt with problems concerning automobile purchases, foreign 
travel and receptions, and other activities. In grasping the party's work 
style, the ideological education of the general party members and the cadres 
as well as the structure of the discipline inspection commission itself have 
been fortified. 

According to the consensus at the meeting, the present outlook on the party's 
work style is good. In order to expedite fundamental improvements in the work 
style, the committee members used the speeches of the leading comrades of the 
party Central Committee as their guide, the gist of the Seventh Plenary Session 
of the Central Discipline Inspection Commission, and the plans of the provin- 
cial party committee as their bases when they discussed the main goals of the 
discipline inspection tasks for the province for this year: 

(1) Concentrate all efforts on stopping the unhealthy tendencies. Realisti- 
cally implement the party Central Committee's Document No 57 to put a stop to 
the six unhealthy tendencies. The focus is on the party and government organs 
at above the county level, especially the provincial-level organs. These 
organs which have not yet cleaned up the unhealthy tendencies or the clean-up 
has not been thorough must proceed to do so in earnest. At the same time, 
every area and every profession must cleanse itself of its peculiar unhealthy 
tendencies; practices like misuse of authority or goods for private gain, 
extortion, and blackmail must be firmly rectified. Problems with work style 
in the primary organizations and among leading members should be realistically 
solved in coordination with party rectification. Pay close attention to the 
struggles in the realm of ideology: promptly investigate and deal with 
violations of the four basic principles or the promotion of bourgeois 
liberalism, (2) Continue to grasp major and critical cases. Many major and 
critical cases, especially those involving serious economic crimes, are 
directly related to improper tendencies among cadres. The leaders of the party 
Central Committee instruct us that grasping the work style starts with grasp- 
ing concrete cases. We must heed this instruction and take a firm grip on the 
investigation and handling of major and critical cases so that we can develop 
new breaks in cracking down on speculation, fraud, bribery, corruption, theft, 
and other economic crimes. (3) Strict enforcement of party discipline. 


Inability to stop certain unhealthy tendencies effectively and halt the 
violations of discipline is intrinsic to slack discipline; therefore, to 
attain improvements in the work style of the party, we must resolve to enhance 
party discipline. All areas and all departments must conduct investigations 
and studies of the disciplinary conditions of their subordinate areas and 
units. Pinpoint and straighten out problems. All discipline violation cases 
must be promptly attended to. Resolve the problem with people who disregard 
the violation of discipline and law, those who investigate but do not deal 

with the violations, those who feign compliance, and those who disobey the 

law and ignore the prohibitions. (4) Utilize positive and negative examples 

to reinforce party spirit education. An impure party spirit is the source of 
an unhealthy work style. At present in conducting party spirit education, we 
should be aware of individualist, bureaucratic, and liberalist tendencies 

among a few party members. Besides maintaining education in positions, ideals, 
ethics, and the legal system, and other forms of routine ideological educa- 
tion, the discipline inspection commission at every level must utilize numerous 
positive and negative examples to conduct vivid and concrete education of the 
general party members. 

Nie Gonggui [5119 2837 6311], deputy secretary of the provincial party 
committee and secretary of the provincial discipline inspection commission, 
spoke at the close of the meeting. He emphasized the need to understand and 
ascertain accurately the situation of the party's work style. At present, 
some leaders do not fully understand the seriousness of the problems with 
work style and the urgent need for solutions; they have not taken vigorous 
acting. On the other hand, some cadres and masses have exaggerated the 
problems and lack confidence in the fundamental improvement of work style. 
Both views are biased. They should see that the mainstream of the work style 
is good and that is is moving toward a basic improvement. In order to bring 
this year's discipline inspection tasks to a satisfactory conclusion, Nie 
further emphasized that party policies should be accurately implemented, and 
he demanded that the whole party should grasp the work style in earnest, and 
that each member personally grasp the work style and personally tackle the 
major problems. 

csO: 4005/581 



Kunming YUNNAN RIBAO in Chinese 29 Mar £6 p 3 

/Article: "A Provincial Party Committee Resolution Requested the Cadres of 
All Levels To Improve Earnestly the Leadership Style _and Conduct Indepth 
Investigations and Studies of the Realities in Life"/ 

/Text/ The Yunnan provincial party committee recently formulated a "Resolution 
Pertaining To Earnest Improvements in Leadership Style and Indepth Investiga- 
tions and Studies of Realities in Life." 

The "Resolution" pointed out that Comrade Hu Yaobang recently issued an impor- 
tant instruction pertaining to the two areas that require the attention of the 
leaders. From the high plane of Marxist epistemology, he reasserted the 
extreme importance of integrating theory and practice and integrating book 
learning and practical knowhow. He expounded profoundly on the intimate rela- 
tionship between the party's work style and the party's ideologies and lines. 
These are the prerequisites that ensure the correct leadership of our leading 
organs and leading cadres and are fundamental to the healthy growth and maturity 
of our cadres. Cadres at all levels must adapt to the new environment, focus 
on reality, and strive to "reach higher altitudes." Study and master the basic 
theories of Marxism, modern administrative knowhow, and scientific and techno- 
logical knowledge. At the same time "penetrate the lower depths" and properly 
integrate the high and the low. 

The main points of the "Resolution" are: 

1. Leading cadres at the provincial, the prefectual, and the county levels 
must lead in learning the realities of life, in investigating, and in studying. 
Try to understand the affairs of the state, the provinces, the counties, and 
the townships. Grasp practical knowledge and lead the grassroots in a face-to- 
face manner. The provincial-level, the department-level, and the bureau-level 
leading cadres at their posts should spend no less than 3 months of a year in 
the countryside and the factories; the prefectural and county leading cadres 
should spend even more time there. Within these 3 years, members of the 
standing committee of the provincial party committee, the provincial governor, 
and the lieutenant governor must travel to all the counties; the leading 
cadres of the party and the government in the prefectures, the (autonomous) 
prefectures, and the municipalities must travel to all the districts under 

their respective administrations; and the county party committee and county 
government leading cadres must travel to all the townships within their 
respective counties. Leading cadres at all levels should establish permanent 
or relatively permanent grassroots contact points to know and understand the 
local situations better. Especially in implementing major policies or imple- 
menting major reforms, they should personally participate as much as possible 
in order to understand better the course of events, gain a more systematic 
experience, and guide the overall procedure. 

2. Continue to organize large groups of office workers and technical people 

to go down to the countryside and the factories and launch the movements vf 
"wealth through increased production" and "the three synchronisms of increased 
production." Organize these trips three times a year: from February to April, 
in July and August, and in December and January of the next year. The main 
purposes of going down to the countryside are: to publicize policies, investi- 
gate and study, formulate plans, implement measures, examine and supervise, 
extend practical assistance, summarize experiences, popularize role models, 

and provide useful services for developing commodity production and invigorating 
enterprises in rural areas. In addition, select from the provincial-level 
organs a group of young cadres who have good political qualities, who have 
reached a certain ideological and political standard, who are educated, and 
who have some work experiences, and send them to the posts in the more 
problematic counties for practical training. These assignments should rotate 
every 2 years. 

3. When the cadres go down to the countryside and the factories, they should 
emphasize practical results and avoid formalism. Every year the leading cadres 
at the provincial level and the prefectural offices should carry out indepth 
investigations and studies, explain a couple of practical issues from the 

point of view of Marxist epistemology, and personally write a clear and concise 
investigation report that has instructive value. 

4. In this year's cadre theory studies, besides the usual program, the 
leading cadres at and above the county level should, concurrent with learning 
the realities of life, restudy Comrade Mao Zedong's "On Practice," "On Contra- 
dictions," and "Where Did Man's Correct Ideology Come From?" and study the 
major expositions of the party since the 3d Plenary Session of the 11th party 
Central Committee. Integrate reading and studying with investigations and 
solving practical problems and further enhance the sense of principle, 
systematization, foresightness, and creativity in work. 

5. From now on, the leaders should write their own major speeches and reports. 
Leaders should supply the idea and the viewpoint for major documents of the 
leading organs; they should personally supervise and guide the rough draft. 

After the rough draft, they should seek comments in the pertinent circles, 

hold democratic discussions, and pool the wisdom of the people. Based on 

these, the leaders then must personally revise and finalize the documents careful] 

6. To insure that the leading cadres at all levels can concentrate their 

energy an investigations and studies and on solving all kinds of practical 
problems, the amount of paper work and the number of conferences should be 


drastically trimmed. Before the provincial organs convene the leading cadres 
of the prefectures, counties, and enterprises, the meetings should be examined 
and authorized by the provincial party committee office and the provincial 
government office. This year, there will be a drastic reduction in outlay for 
meetings and in the number of participants at the various department meetings. 
Nonessential and indifferent meetings should be cancelled. Those meetings 

that are necessary should be well planned; strive to improve the substance of 
the meetings and hold small meetings, brief meetings. Leading comrades of 

the provincial party committee or the provincial government need not be invited 
to speak at the departmental meetings. The provincial party committee office 
should take the initiative in clearing, modifying, and condensing the documents, 
the short reports, and the various reference-type internal publications. 

CSO: 4005/619 



Beijing BEIJING RIBAO in Chinese 10 Mar 86 p l 

[Article by staff commentator: “We must Uphold Reform and Insist on 
Rectification of Unhealthy Tendencies” ] 

[Text] We must uphold reform and rectify the unhealthy tendencies. Reform 
does not conflict with the rectification of unhealthy tendencies. To rectify 
the unhealthy tendencies in the party and society is to ensure the long-term 
and healthy development of the reforms. 

Some comrades view this differently, believing that the reforms have brought 
with them unhealthy tendencies and that to rectify the latter is to correct 
the “mistakes” of the former. Therefore, they are skeptical and non-committal 
toward the reforms. This is all wrong. 

This is because they have not analyzed the dialectical relationship between 
the unhealthy tendencies and reform based on the principle of seeking truth 
from facts. 

Such passive phenomena as the unhealthy tendencies do not emerge only after 
the reforms and the open-door policy. This is a basic fact. Unhealthy tenden- 
cies had existed in the past, exist at present, and will also exist in the 
future; of course, their forms and extent are different. This is because in 
our society the ideology of the exploiting class still exists and will corrupt 
some of us with weak will-power. Thus, as long as there is the influence of 
nonproletarian thought in the society, there will be unhealthy tendencies. We 
cannot blame the unhealthy tendencies on the socialist system nor on the 

Of course, the unhealthy tendencies which emerged in a new historical period 
have their own historical conditions, forms, and characteristics. Thus, they 
are not entirely unrelated to our reforms and the open-door policy. In the 
past few years, we have implemented the policy of open-door and domestic 
rejuvenation, liberating people's minds and promoting economic development. 
Yet, under these new historical conditions and in the complex international 
and social environments, decadent capitalist and feudal ideas have also in- 
creased their corrupting influence on our contingents. At the same time, we 


still lack practical experience in reform and the regulations and system -« 
cannot become perfect or sound quickly, thereby providing the opportunity for 
some to engage in unhealthy tendencies. Moreover, there is bureaucratism in 
some of our leading organs and comrades, and within a certain period, they are 
afraid to control and deal with these tendencies so that in some areas and 
departments such tendencies have spread. 

However we should understand that only because the reform measures are not 
sound, thereby providing an opportunity for some to engage in unhealthy ten- 
dencies, does not mean that the reforms have “gone wrong.” This is also 
totally different from those who, while waving the banner of reform, engage in 
unhealthy tendencies. As for the weakness of the reforms, we have to sum up 
our experience and improve them gradually through appropriate measures so as 
to reduce the chances of being taken advantage of. This is the process of 
summing up experience and engaging in self-improvement and not rectifying 
“what had gone wrong.” As for the unhealthy tendencies, we have to fight and 
curb them with determination. Besides ideological education, we have to use 
administrative, economic, and legal means. If we confuse the two above prob- 
lems which are different in nature, then we will abandon our struggle against 
capitalist and nonproletarian ideologies and this will adversely affect the 
rectification of the unhealthy tendencies. We may develop a misunderstanding 
toward the reforms, to the point that we may abolish them altogether. Then, 
we are making a mistake. 

Practice has proved that in order to rectify the unhealthy tendencies effec- 
tively, we must not stop or abolish the reforms; instead, we must uphold and 
adopt policy, regulatory, and organizational measures to minimize the growth 
and spread of unhealthy tendencies. At the same time, we must realize that 
only through the rectification of unhealthy tendencies can we create a good 
social environment for the reforms and guarantee their sound development. To 
uphold reform and insist on the rectification of unhealthy tendencies are not 
contradictory but mutually promoting. We must do well on both fronts. 

CSO: 4005/555 




Discipline Inspection Commission Meets 

Tianjin TIANJIN RIBAO in Chinese 4 Mar 86 p l 

[Article: "Five Major Indicators for Realizing the Basic Improvement of the 
Party Style” ] 

[Text] The Third Enlarged Plenum of the Municipal Discipline Inspection 
Commission which ended yesterday adopted five major indicators for the reali- 
zation of the basic improvement of party style in our city. The five major 
indicators are: 

1. To be able to implement earnestly the party line, principles, and poli- 
cies; to uphold the four basic principles and to be consistent with the Party 
Central in ideology, politics, and action. 

2. The leading cadres can set an example with their integrity and their 
obeying of party regulations and state laws so as to be a model for the 
masses. There is a harmonious relationship between the leaders and the 

3. The party style responsibility system is carried out, the unhealthy ten- 
dencies of one's unit is rectified promptly, and cases involving the violation 
of law and discipline are handled seriously, thereby rectifying the party 

4, The principle of democratic centralism is upheld; the system of life 
within the party is sound so that criticism and self-criticism can be de- 
veloped correctly, the party members can play the role of model vanguards, and 
the basic organs of the party can play the role of fighting bastions. 

5. The improvement of party style helps to improve the social trends, to push 

the work forward, and to promote reform and economic development so that work 
efficiency and social and economic benefits are increased markedly. 


Importance of Indicators Stressed 

Tianjin TIANJIN RIBAO in Chinese 4 Mar 86 p l 
[Article by staff commentator: “Take Seriously the Five Indicators” ] 

[Text] The Third Enlarged Plenum of the Municipal Discipline Inspection 
Commission reiterated the demand to improve fundamentally the party style of 
the city and pointed out that as far as a unit is concerned, there are five 
indicators for such improvements. These indicators clearly point to the 
focus, method, and demands of the basic improvement of party style and play a 
role in restraining, encouraging, and spurring on the party organs and members 
at every level. Yet, no matter how good they are on paper, they have to be 
implemented through everyone's efforts; otherwise, they will be merely worth- 
less empty words. 

The issue of the style of the ruling party is related to the survival of the 
party itself and to the success or failure of the socialist enterprise: it 
affects the total situation. We have talked a lot about this already. Now, 
the issue of party style is no longer a theoretical question but one of 
practice. What is important is to practice it seriously and in a down-to- 
earth manner. We have to follow the principle of “first, be determined and, 
second, persist and the spirit of “talk raised by the five indicators”, follow 
them closely. We must not relax for even 1 day so that we will indeed obtain 
actual results. 

The “five indicators” are of course very important and we have to follow them 
faithfully. Yet they are not equal in importance. The crucial one is the 
demand that the leading bodies and cadres play a model role. As Comrade Hu 
Yaobang pointed out, all our party committee members must understand this- 
starting with myself, everyone from the top down must set an example. In the 
rectification of party style, the chief cadres must exert themselves so that 
each level will be practicing and be responsible for each other. The “five 
indicators” propose that we should implement seriously the party style respon- 
sibility system in order to create the situation in which the entire party 
carries out party style rectification; still, the prerequisite is that the 
leading cadres must bear the major responsibility for the rectification of 
their individual units. The higher levels must first do what they request of 
the lower levels and refrain from doing what they do not want the lower levels 
to do. The leading cadres must first do what they request of the ordinary 
cadres. For those units whose party style is incorrect and which also fail to 
improve, we have to hold the leadership responsible. 

To improve the party style and rectify the unhealthy tendencies, we must begin 
with the investigation of specific cases, paying special attention to the 
major ones. In dealing with major cases, we have to en determined and be bold 
in our investigation and not be afraid to confront difficulties. We should 
investigate whatever we have uncovered and not be afraid to break the “web of 
relationships.” No matter to what level of organs or cadres the investigation 


may lead, we must persist in getting to the bottom of the cases and be deter- 
mined to deal with whoever is implicated. We must truly work toward the goal 
of eyuality for everyone before the law and in the face of party discipline. 
In our country, we do not allow the existence of “special citizens” who are 
above the law; in our organizations and bodies, we do not allow the existence 
of “special cadres” who are not subject to political discipline; and in our 
party, we do not allow the existence of “special party members” who are not 
subject to party discipline. 

The situation and the people demand the improvement of party style. If we are 
determined and exert a serious effort, the fundamental improvement of the 
party style stands a very good chance of success. 

CSO: 4005/555 



Shenyang LIAONING RIBAO in Chinese 4 Jan 86 p 1 

[Unattributed article: "The Secret to Deng Xiaoping's Longevity; Swimming for 
the Body, Playing Bridge for the Mind"] 

[Text] Deng Xiaoping is more than 80 years old this year and his body is 
still extremely healthy. What is the secret to his longevity? 

He once said: "My good health is probably because I like swimming, especially 
swimming in the sea. And I still do it! As for my mental strength, playing 
bridge is the best. As soon as you play bridge it becomes obvious if your 
brain is reacting slowly or not." 

In this weekend photograph of Deng Xiaoping with a cigarette in his mouth 

just as he is preoccupied with preparing to play cards, his stern manner truly 
resembles a mental gymnastics "athlete" (bridge, chinese chess, go, playing 
cards, and so forth are called the "mind's gymnastics" in China, and are 
classified as sports events). 

During Deng Xiaoping's summer vacation he often goes to the seashore, some- 
times to the BoHai Sea and sometimes to the Yellow Sea, to enjoy the pleasures 
of seabathing. In August of the year before last, he spent his summer vaca- 
tion on Bangchui Island in Dalian. During the 7 days of his vacation, he 
spent every morning in the ocean swimming to his heart's content. Just at a 
time when Deng Xiaoping swam alone to a distant spot, the plain shout of his 
granddaughter, who often accompanied him swimming, came from the direction of 
the ocean: "Baba! Baba!" Suddenly, Deng Xiaoping made his way through the 
water and caught his granddaughter just in time, teasing her till she laughed 
cheerfully. Deng Xiaoping's mastery of swimming is fairly good; he can 
usually swim 90 minutes at a time and can continuously swim far out into the 
ocean. His heart and lungs are healthy, and doctors are all amazed. 

CSO: 4005/550 



Shenyang LIAONING RIBAO in Chinese 17 Jan 86 p 1 

(Text ] Recently the provincial party committee and provincial government 
commended 100 advanced units in work on intellectuals in the province and 
presented certificates of merit to these units. 

This was the first time units were commended for doing good work on 
intellectuals in Liaoning Province. The units commended were determined 
through recommendations level by level from the grassroots up and after 
repeated deliberations, careful investigation, and solicitation of opinions 
from the general public. Their common characteristics are: Their leaders 
conscientiously follow the party Central Committee's series of instructions on 
implementing policies toward the intellectuals, regard this task as one of 
major importance by taking charge of it personally and carry it through to the 
end; they handle the work in implementing policies toward intellectuals with a 
keen sense of political responsibility and urgency, constantly overcome 
feelings of relaxation and weariness, pursue difficult lingering cases without 
letting up and try in every possible way to solve them; politically they have 
full faith in the intellectuals, try hard to solve the intellectuals' problems 
in joining the party and pay attention to promoting middle-aged intellectuals 
who have real knowledge and ability and are in the prime of life to leading 
posts; they insist that leadershlp means service and try to do more practical 
things for the intellectuals and relieve them of their worries in work, study, 
and daily life; and the intellectuals are more enthusiastic than ever in 
working for the four modernizations and are achieving notable successes and 
producing good economic results in production, scientific research, and other 

CSO: 4005/585 



Shenyang LIAONING RIBAO in Chinese 27 Jan 86 p 1 

[Article by staff reporters Sun Hao [1327 3185] and Chu Shaoyan [5969 1421 
4282) ] 

[Text ] A rather large and regular managerial cadre training base has. been 
established in Liaoyang City. Recently the first group of 203 managerial 
cadres from the city's government organizations and enterprises began 
systematic professional studies and short-term training here. 

The training base, marked by a signboard which reads "Liaoyang City Managerial 
Cadres College," is dominated by a five-storied teaching building and attached 
facilities occupying more than 7,000 square meters. It has purchased 
electronic computers, video recorders and other modern teaching instruments 
and strengthened the teaching staff by recruiting new teachers and sending 
teachers to universities in Liaoning and other provinces for advanced studies 
in specific fields. In the past year, the training base's teaching staff has 
been reinforced by 41 teachers with a college or higher educational 
background. It has also established ties with the Liaoning Finance and 
Economics College and other universities and colleges and invited two 
associate professors and four lecturers to teach some courses and provide 
educational consultation services at the college. The college offers five 
specialized courses including industrial and business admlnistration, finance 
and trade, financial management and so forth. It now has four college-level 
classes in two professional fields, and has run 13 short-term training 
classes, training more than 1,000 cadres in various kinds of managerial 
positions. A relatively systematic education system has begun to take shape. 

The Liaoyang City Managerial Cadres College was established at the end of 
1983. Liaoyang City did everything possible for the college. Under state 
control of the investment scale and the city's own tight financial situation, 
the city still managed to squeeze some funds from its limited capital 
construction budget and added the construction of the education building at 
the college to the 1984 construction projects. When the city party committee 
and city government put forward the plan on building a modern business 
Management cadre training base, many enterprises in the city quickly 
responded. They held that this was a good thing aimed at training competent 
people for them, and eagerly contributed money and materials, including an 

investment of 1.2 million yuan by 33 enterprises. Recently departments 
concerned from Anshan, Fushun, Yingkou, Tieling and other cities have come to 
visit. They think that Liaoyang City has provided useful experience in 
building a stable, regular and institutionalized cadre training system. 

12802 /1 
CSO: 4005/585 


Changchun JILIN RIBAO in Chinese 17 Oct 85 p 2 
[Article by Wang Ke [3769 0344], chief Auditing Bureau, Jilin Province] 

[Text] According to the regulations of the constitution, the State Council 
announced "Temporary Provisions Concerning Auditing." These are the first 
auditing laws since the creation of New China, and they are an important step 
toward fulfilling the constitution with regard to the functioning of the 
auditing system, in order to gradually realize the systemization and legitimi- 
zation of the auditing process. It is very important to serviously carry out 
the temporary provisions, to strengthen auditing, to tighten the discipline 

of financial operations, to guarantee the healthy development of the economic 
revolution, to build and perfect the economic management and control systems, 
and to strengthen management and supervision. 

The temporary provisions have made it clear that the auditing offices represent 
the State in carrying out the auditing job. They occupy a disinterested 
position because they do not have any concrete administrative duties, and they 
do not have any direct relation with the audited units with regard to financial 
benefits, and they can therefore avoid confinement in terms of area, depart- 
ment, or specialized management; and at the same time, the auditing offices 
independently exercise their auditing power according to the law, without any 
interference from other administrative offices, social groups or individuals. 
They represent the State in performing supervisory duties, having both indepen- 
dence and authority. They occupy an important position in all of the Nation's 
financial supervisory activities. 

In accordance with the policy of organizing construction while working set by 
the State Council and under the leadership of the government and of Party 
committees at all levels, the auditing offices at all levels of our province 
have, since their creation, aggressively completed the organizing, enthusias- 
tically done their work, and achieved a definite results. 

In the past two years, the auditing offices at all levels in our province have 
audited 1594 units altogether, have discovered violations of financial 
regulations, accounting discrepencies, losses and waste, such as skimming of 
government income and indiscreet allotment of goods amounting to a total of 

180,550,000 yuan, of which 49,850,000 should have been sent to the Financial 
Department; already 24,140,000 yuan has been sent. According to the estimate 
of financial accounts payable, the auditing cadres of the province average 
63,000 yuan per person; according to the amount paid, the average per person 
is 31,000 yuan. 

This has had a positive effect on tightening the financial management regula- 
tions, correcting unhealthy tendencies, improving financial management, 
elevating economic efficiency and increasing financial income, The facts 
prove that it is necessary to create auditing offices and to implement the 
auditing system. 

Of course, we will also see that some problems still exist in some departments 
and units. Some people cheat, or exploit opportunities provided by reform, 
misappropriate financial income, and some withhold or divert special funds for 
other fundamental consiruction outside of the plans, some use their office 

to illegally give money and goods, to lavish, to waste etc. If effective 
measures are not adopted to stop and correct these unhealthy trends and evil 
practices, the transformation of the financial system and the smooth develop- 
ment of the four modernizations will be disrupted. This shows that the 
responsibility placed in front of us is rather formidible. 

Right now, auditing must be combined with the reform of the financial system 
through the auditing of fiscal and financial income, in order to make progress 
in maintaining discipline in financial management, increasing economic 
efficiency, and increasing macroscopic control and management, and to better 
serve the reform of the financial system. 

Within the framework of financial system reform, we must go on investigating 
such large cases of violations of the financial regulations as cheating, 
exploiting the opportunities of reform, misappropriating government funds 
etc.; we must focus on the auditing of the financial administration, the tax 
administration, the department of finance and those businesses and units with 
massive financial management, bad economic efficiency, or tremendous waste; 
we must analyze the problems found in auditing, and provide suggestions for 
strengthening macroscopic control and management. We also have to strengthen 
the investigation of research work, catch in time the symptoms of discipline 
violations in financial management, check erroneous ideas at the outset and 
take preventative measures. As to those typical cases which are both serious 
and tendentious, we have to grasp them firmly, dig the problem out at the 
root, and deal with them severely. Only by doing this can justice be served, 
and the evil wind be stopped. 

In order to do the auditing job well and to better fulfill the mission of 
auditing, we must, on the one hand, strengthen the building of the auditing 
offices, seriously select and train the auditing personnel, and augment and 
strengthen the auditing cadres. On the other hand, we must build a healthy 
department and create interior auditing offices for the units, make a trial 
of a social auditing organization, and bring their auditing effect into 
greater play. The field of auditing is new, and many people do not yet 
understand its importance and necessity. Therefore, we must step up the 


promotion of the mission, function and regulations of auditing. Through 
publicity, we can raise the consciousness of the cadres and the public to 
auditing, make more people understand and support auditing, and combine 
auditing with the effect of public opinion, 

At the same time, we must also improve auditing correspondence, build up an 
effective communications network for auditing and facilitate the exchange of 
correspondence in order to achieve complete communication between upper and 
lower levels. In time, we must reflect on what auditing has uncovered 
relating to reforming, lifting restrictions and invigorating, and on the new 
situations and problems of economic activity discovered by auditing. Then we 
must propose solutions, as good consultants to our leaders. 

Now the auditing offices bear a very heavy and glorious responsibility. Those 
comrades who are engaged in auditing must not betray the trust of the party 
and the people, and must bravely accept this burden. Encouraged by the spirit 
of the National Conference of Party delegates, we must follow the instruc- 
tions of the leaders of the Central Committee, and seriously carry out the 
"State Council Provisional Regulations Concerning Auditing." Displaying 
bravely the spirit of pioneers, we must strive endlessly toward the gradual 
building of a socialist auditing system with a Chinese character. 

CSO: 4005/278 


Harbin HEILONGJIANG RIBAO in Chinese 3 Jan 86 p l 

[Commentator's article: "Don't Let Intellectuals Wait Until They Have Gray 
Hair" } 

[Text] After several years effort, our province's work of implementing a 
policy on intellectuals has achieved great progress, by and large solving 

the historically bequeathed problem of the political nature of intellectuals. 
At present, the focal point of implementing a policy on intellectuals is to 
fully bring the role of the intellectual into play, creating an environment 
where the intellectuai's knowledge and talent won't be obstructed or stifled, 
and can be totally applied to the construction of the four modernizations. 
The Harbin Joint Scientific and Technological Consulting Service Company has 
achieved definite success in this respect. The role of intellectuals there 
has been brought into play comparatively well, resulting in obvious economic 
and social benefits. The experience of their success deserves serious atten- 
tion from the leaders of party and government departments at all levels. 

In terms of the scientific and technological personnel now in our province, 
the numbers are limited, and their use and distribution is neither the best 
nor the most equitable. Scientific and technological personnel in rural areas, 
outlying districts, and in middle-sized and small cities and enterprises are 
scarce. The phenomena of not having people to work when problems crop up 
still fairly commonly exists. Scientific and technological personnel are 
excessively concentrated in large cities and enterprises, in institutions of 
higher learning, and in scientific research units. People in many units 

have inadequate jobs, some have nothing to do, or have too much spare time. 
Thus, there is great potential. In particular there are some high and middle 
level scientific and technological personnel, who also have a second or third 
specialized field, whose intellect and natural resources are not being tully 
taken advantage of. 

In terms of the intellectuals themselves, one distinguishing feature of our 
country's intellectuals is their strong dedication to their work. The intel- 
lectuals in their prime worry they spend their time in vain, that they lie 
waste, and that ultimately they will accomplish nothing; intellectuals already 
past middle age spent their best years during the 10 years of upheaval, and 
hope that in the remaining years of their lives they can make a little more 


of a contribution to their country; older intellectuals sense the pressure c 
time and worry about the lifelong regret that they will not carry out their 
aspirations before they die. To them there is no greater happiness than t 

offer one's knowledge as a tribute to one's country, and there is no greate! 
suffering than to not have the opportunity to put their talents to good use. 


These aspirations of the intellectuais and the contradiction of wanting to 
contribute but not being able to are, in a word, also the problem of bringing 
the role of the intellectual into play. The Harbin Joint Scientific and 
Technological Consulting Service Company is writing an article on this matter 
now, on shifting the potential or misplaced intelligence of the intellectuals 
co the areas where there are "no people when problems crop up", in order to 
ttle the pressing need of regions and departments with an astonishing short- 
ase Of talent, to vigorously develop the economy in these places by replenish- 
ing their vitality, and, to a certain extent, by promoting the rational flow 
of kno'ledge from the regions concentrated with qualified personnel to the 
deficient regions. Due to all kinds of circumstantial limitations, it is hard 
for talented personnel to truly "flow" in a rational way in a short time. It 
is also very hard to make use of irrational conditions to chanve -his overall 
arrangement. Thus, the organization of scientific and technological personnel 

and the carrying out of the flow cof knowledge like that of the ') Joint 
Scientific and Technological Consulting Service Company's is ext igni- 

The work of developing this "intelligence flow' also needs to be realized 
through the technological market. As a technological commodity to sel. t 
areas and departments in need of technological capability, the results of the 
mental work of intellectuals in the technological market will cause the 
scientific and technological flow to enter the sphere of social production. 

If production units have spent money to buy a technological commodity, then 
they will know how to expedite the realization of this use value by every 
means possible. In the process, the function of intellectuals will be fully 
reflected and brought into play, and their desires to render service to their 
country will be fulfilled at the same time. Therefore, to implement a better 
policy on intellectuals, we must, on the one hand, give full play to work 
involving the role of the intellectual in our own departments and units. On 
the other hand, to cause the potential intelligence of intellectuals to be 
brought into play in an even larger iramework, we must undo the limitations 

of our departments and units and better utilize the technological market. 

Of course, how to implement a better policy on intellectuals is a new question 
for study. The implications are rich, and the scope is wide-ranging. For 
example, we should be concerned with intellectuals politically, support them 
in their work, show consideration to their livelihood, and so on. However, 
the purpose of it all still is to depend on the role of the intellectual, 
whose role has been fully brought into play, to be used in the construction of 
the four modernizations. Therefore, in implementing a policy on intellectuals 
in the future, we should, on the one hand, continuously try to seek out and 
summarize new methods, new avenues, and new experiences. On the other hand, 
Party and administrative departments at every level must not only do this kind 
of work. In a sense, administrative departments should undertake more and 
heavier responsibilities. 

cso: 4005/550 


Harbin HARBIN RIBAO in Chinese 9 Jan 86 p 1 

[Article by staff reporters Li Zhenmin [2621 2182 3046] and Wang Yan [3769 
3601) ] 

[Text ] Harbin City has made vigorous efforts to reform its secondary 
education system and promote secondary vocational and technical education. It 
has initially changed the structure of secondary education, which in the past 
provided only one type of education. So far, more than 22,000 students have 
graduated from various types of vocational schools and become competent 
workers for economic development. 

The city began to develop secondary vocational education in 1979. Since then, 
40 vocational middle schools have been established, and 74 schools have set up 
vocational senior middle school classes, offering training in 68 specialties 
including commerce, clothing, accounting, cooking, preschool education, arts 
and crafts, radio repair, watchmaking and so forth, enrolling nearly 40,000 
students. With their specialized training, graduates from the vocational 
senior middle schools have both culture and professional skills and are very 
favorably received by hiring units. Among the more than 50 students of the 
first graduating clothes-making class at the First Vocational Middle School, 
one-half met the national cutting, grade 2, sewing, grade 3 and finishing and 
ironing, grade 2, standards, and more than 30 percent can make high-grade 
woolen clothes independently. More than 50 students of the commodity selling 
specialty graduated from the same school last year, and because they did 
exceptionally well in school, they were all hired by the Tongji Bazaar. Ata 
meeting on hiring competent people sponsored by the Second Vocational Middle 
Sehool this year, 42 hiring units watched students demonstrate their skills 
and techniques and hired more than 200 on the _ spot. More than 10,000 
graduates from the city's vocational schools have landed jobs because of their 
superior ability. 

With specialized skills and knowledge, vocational middle school graduates are 
able to work regular shifts immediately upon arrival at their new jobs, play 
their part and become key members of the production force. Zhang Hongtao, an 
arts graduate from the First Vocational Middle School, landed an industrial 
arts job at the Rihua Plant No 4. He boldly changed the artistic designs for 
the "Black and Shining" shoe polish tubes and casings and also designed the 


cover picture for a floor wax and did the art work for more than 10 large-size 
advertisements, which were well received. Three electrical engineering 
graduates from the Fourth Vocational Middle School were hired by the Harbin 
Welding Equipment Plant. They have since been selected for advanced studies 
or have made contributions in developing new products. 

As the vocational middle schools' popularity grows in society, more and more 
students are applying for enrollment. Last year, in the Daowai, Dongli, 
Taiping and other districts, junior middle school graduates whose first 
preference was to enroll in a vocational senior middle school outnumbered 
those who opted for regular senior middle schools. For some specialties, the 
Minimum mark for admission is 350, which is much higher than the admission 
requirement for regular senior middle schools. 

CSO: 4005/585 



Xian SHAANXI RIBAO in Chinese 15 Feb 86 pp 1, 3 

[Resolution of the Shaanxi Provincial CPC Committee on Strengthening 
Ideological and Political Work, Adopted on 7 February 1986] 

[Text] The CPC National Conference pointed out emphatically that it is 
imperative to step up vigorously the building of a socialist spiritual 
Civilization and strengthen ideological and political work. This is of 
extremely great significance and serves a very urgent and practical purpose 
in guaranteeing the correct orientation and smooth progress of our reform 
and construction work. To implement conscientiously the guidelines of the 
party's national conference and strengthen effectively ideological and 
political work, a decision has been made on the following questions. 

1. Firmly Implement the Principle of Building the "Two Civilizations" 

A socialist spiritual civilization is one of the goals of socialist construc- 
tion, an important manifestation of the superiority of the socialist system 
and our real advantage with which to overcome difficulties and advance 
continuously. The building of the spiritual civilization not only gives a 
tremendous impetus to the development of the socialist material civilization, 
but guarantees its correct orientation. Therefore, we must really change the 
idea of looking down on building the spiritual civilization, firmly implement 
the principle of building the "two civilizations" simultaneously and see to 
it that the "two civilizations" develop in synchronization. 

Ideological education with communism at the core determines the socialist 
character of the spiritual civilization and serves as the pillar in its 
development. Party committees at all levels must change from despising and 
neglecting ideological and political work to attaching great importance to it 
from doing ideological work vassively when problems crop up to doing it 
constantly and conscientious!y, from doing ideological work off and on to 
doing it in a well-planned and systematical way and from merely depending 

on the functional departments to do ideological work to getting the whole 

party to do ideological work. Party committees at and above the county level 
should hold at least one meeting every 3 months to discuss ideological and 
political work, analyze the ideological state of cadres and the masses, set 



tanalra - eralie nf ¢< <u ent os ae lan, . } ad . ; ; —— a 
tasks and goals of ideological work and lead and organize the departments 

concerned to implement them. 

Administrative and operational departments and mass organizations should alsc 
adhere to the principle of building the "two civilizations" simulvaneously. 

In thinking over a problem or doing our work, we should keep in mind not only 
the production of material goods but also the training of new people with 
lofty ideals, moral integrity, culture and a sense of discipline. We must 

not think that ideological and political work ncerr nly party committees 

ann + 1 3 : - * , | - «a 1 hang r lL + = , PP ce mo ) ~e C) 
and political work departments and has nothing to do with ourselves. On the 
fy "= % t Cc CC f y1A ~ ; a cf} ’ ft. a} + ~| r le mcr g | 2 5 % a ~ r 
contrary, we should regard it as our own unshirkable responsibility to engage 
J? > t > 

in ideological and political work while doing our own jobs in the economi 
& a ~ 
and other fields of practical work. 

= conomic and social development programs for the Seventh 5-Year 
Wave - va. + | ; is 7 - a ty ~ } } lA —aves + + - ’ ur 
>riod and making yearly plans, we should see to it that they embody the 
— ~ ~ hoist lnA?s " << sligntinneclt af he ma tA rere bs a P 
principle of building the "two civilizations" simultaneously, and that 
b Jy? 
~~ ow ~~ 3 : 13 a yt sy1YPNnalieae - 1 ny irc +Ane nani 
ducation, science, literature and art journalism and publications, radi 
9 b 9 wJ bX ’ 
" 7 : + sak? 4 ~~) +} os hie. rn sit¢iaiMm P A + P ; ) > 7 
and television, public health and physical culture and other iltural 

jtipae Ff + | acaepae liidedn j 
1tv1iesS tor tne masses are inciuded 1PF 

} mp 
Oo = 

ne manpower 

and financial resources needed to step up the building 
cr ’ | . M 7 119 1 sara i ¢ o : _ . M4 r , ner . ri r\/ + ~ | ° 7 = T.) ’ 
of the spiritual civilization and ideological and political work must be 

yr 1. valijati ork nerf ance of <z arec a department 
From now on, when evaluating the work performance of an area, a department, 
_ + + P ] - laananrn . ; 7 ¢ . " ~ + + Amer ; - 4 arm liin $ + , : »} 
a unit and a leader, it 1S necessary at the same time evaluate their work 
and ar ; WW¢ : tea : b + ‘ we the "4 ~ eee 1 tot v 't 
and achievements in building the "two civilizations. 
ax ++ pw | . TAgan !] riral 5 A of las¢4qpre- \,] ly . D- xy ‘earl oa MiroF4 Ire 
° i otrengtnen ideological and Ppoiitical work, he Party Style Must First 
o , { | + - ) 
Be mpreved Fundamentalli 
TAanlingns, " 124,74) a nAnnton ¢t- os os €i1- P = a 5 
vay | 4 | ' c r / va + / > ) Sia 
ideological and political work muSt be adapted to tne new situation in reform, 
ae ome Le + oats . , « - 13 .s rp +) - : A +i g rOnNNI14 . 
opening to the outside world and enlivening the economy and the new require- 
ry ‘ f +4 > Ff r i 9¢ ce Anive : and a) ined ‘- 
ment ne four modernizations drive, uphold the four cardinal principles, 
6 + : } > + £ + Qrtturlia rc > 1 4 y A ry ] - 1 f } ] ' 
erve tne realizatior tne party's genera! ASK ind goals and follow the 
; ¢ 4 lA b q + ,] " 4 ‘ P r | + 
ea l1IQLNs£ D! LY Lf ic Phnat } ‘nould U¢« bi A Ly i lf Nn i the i ( tual Cor ji- 
+ or + » y r ‘ " +* ’ ry €° +h - c + , 
,10r yf economy) ynNsStruct:on and reform of ne economic tructure. At 
. + + y + - m+ +, = c 4 4 + rly + 
[ I ¢ er 9 i ne € ar y 4 CO 4 A r 1€ s\/ D AY ,eY | JUA | { ent i I ( ¢ A )¢ a i nN 
t 1} ° ‘fa + 7+) 7 t a ) ) c = Ay) + f > ‘ ie | . ] 
4 ieé re ne 1a | ii and DO1 As .< 7 € JUCa 4 Y) l 4 }¢ iJ in) A At lf L11i1ne, 4 
} t+, 5 na + 7 > 7 , att A nlA Ia- ne + co CF 
€ LUA P| r nN) el mina VINE lefti > U = JIQ dA ina emanc l | A lif he mind 
, } ope P ‘to ) a 
and education on the legal system; mojat the influence of a "leftist" | 
ri , Al - re + ,] ry q . 4 r + . aa 
ind the idea of sticking to old ways and refusins make propre $ 
. | a+ h ; “ r 4 A f / ] + | 
ppose and resist corrosion by decadent capit ind feudall ] leas; 
y > + 4 " vy ¢ Va > e 4 NOo +t ; , 5] “O 
Oppose pu ng money ana persOnal Lr re at erytuning else; and Dt ¢ | 
nc y > ha | Q c r Va [a 
boureg liberalism and anarchism. 

'T’ - atm : } M : re 4 r ls tare ef " + | 7 . lA } , ~ 7 
To strengthen ideological and political work, le emphasis chould be placed 

on strengthening ideological education for party members, particularly party 
members who are al. leading cadres, striving to improve the party style as 
quickly as possible. We must thoroughly correct the evil practices \ik 

uSing one's power to seek personal gain, which are most resented by the masses, 






m™ 08 

and the Ya 
-ical life t 




goal of fundamentally impr« 
years, the party style has 


ill a long way from 


Cr all level 
triving to improve 
kK well and fulfill 

ery department an 

a realistic plan an 

nize several party 

to inspect and promote 

in a serious mann 
they should critici 
Own initiative. 
>d law and discipline, 

urity, procuratorial and . 
ly according to party disc 
dren to carry forward t 
rving law and discipline. 

their children, 
the ca 


tfhamcea! € 

1d support 

tion is in progre: 


ing party style 
nproving party 






expense , 


ling their recognition. 

and through 


Ss work and service attitude, 

to it that 

like benefiting oneself at 
preferring ease to 
AIpulously seeking ease 


, are 

resolutely wipe out 
have now reappeared. 

and Government Leading Organs 

leading organs at 

and in work 

ncing the party 

influencing and 

inits and the masses, and thus must be given serious attention. Provincial- 
level organs in particular should make strict demands on themselves and set 
an example for the people in the whole province. 

The most important task in the ideological building of leading organs is to 
ducate all cadres on the purpose of serving the people and solve the serious 
lems which exist among some cadres, including bureaucratism, lack of 

it, political liberalism, using one's power to seek personal economic gain, 
putting the stress on personal connections at the expense of principle in 
niring people and in choosing between right and wrong, and lack of the sense 
of organization and discipline. Through education, they should be helped to 
establish firmly the idea of serving the people, the four modernizations and 
rassroots level wholeheartedly and implement the party's line, principles 

a | 

olicies unswervingly and creatively. 



[he ideological building of leading organs should first be strengthened 
organizationally. The principal leading comrades of party committees at all 
levels snould personally take part and lead the way and keep at it. Provincial, 
prefectural, city and county party committees should generally have one deputy 
secretary to serve concurrently as secretary of the party committee of 
organizations directly under them or to be concurrently in charge of its 

work. All provincial, prefectural, city and county departments should have 

one party-member leading cadre to take charge of each department's ideological 
and political work and the work of its party organization and effectively 
Strengthen leadership over the ideological building of the leading organs. 

is necessary to establish and perfect various ideological and political 
‘stems in organizations, including the party's organizational activities 
1, theoretical and policy study system, discipline inspection system, 
sroots-level investigation and study system, personal responsibility system 
so forth. Party committees in organizations should do a good job in 
plementing the various systems with the assistance of the propaganda, 
rganization and discipline-inspection departments of party committees at the 


In the first half of this year, party and government leading organs at the 
vincial, prefectural, city and county levels should devote a period of time 
organize party members and cadres to study conscientiously the important 

ches of comrades Hu Yaobang, Tian Jiyun, Wang Zhaoguo and Yang Shangkun at 
meeting of cadres of the central organs, hold democratic discussions on 

t} rrent situation and policies and, through discussion on the tremendous 
nanges in China and the great achievements in reform and construction since 
the 3d Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee, study and digest 

the party Central Committee's relevant line, principles and policies, sum up 

experience, distinguish between right and wrong, achieve unity in thinking 

and increase their understanding. At the same time, it is necessary for these 

rgans to rectify earnestly their work style. They should follow the circular 
ied by the CPC Central Committee General Office and the State Council 

ieneral Office on solutions to several serious problems in the work style of 
party and government organizations at the present time and the provincial 
party committee's request, carry out a complete review of what has been done 


in checking unhealthy tendencies in the past few years and seriously investi 
gate and deal with the big and important cases so that notable results will 
be achieved as quickly as possible in strengthening party and government 


organizations ideologically and in work style. 

4. Do a Good Job in Ideological and Political Work at the Grassroots Level, 
Starting with Education on the Current Situation and Policies 

Ideological and political work, like other kinds of work, should also follow 
the principle that "the whole party must get actually involved, and the work 
must be carried through to the grassroots level" so that the condition of weak 
ideological and political work at th e grassroots level can be effectively 
changed, and so that the role of primary cparky organizations as fighting 
bastions and the exemplary vanguard role 

full play. 

of party members can be brought into 

In strengthening ideological and political work at the grassroots level, the 
emphasis for rural areas at present and for some time to come is to implement 
the circular issued by the Central Commission for Guiding Party Consolidation 
on arrangements for party consolidation work in the rural areas, the party 
Central Committee's 1986 Document No 1, and the provincial party committee's 
decision on sending a large number of cadres to the countryside to strengthen 
work and train cadres at the grassroots level, in order to solve two problems: 
One is to consolidate party, administrative, economic, security, mediation 
and mass organizations at the township and village levels by stages and in 
groups to change their state of laxity and flabbiness, transform the work 
style of cadres at the grassroots level and improve the various work systems. 
The other is to strengthen education of the peasantry on collectivism, 
patriotism and socialism, starting with education on the current situation 
and policies, to guide the peasants in eliminating poverty and getting rich 
along the correct direction charted by the party and to check feudal super- 
stitions, gambling, stealing, destruction of public facilities and other 
unhealthy trends and evil practices The main measures for strengthening 
ideological and political work in the rural areas are: 1) in conjunction with 
party consolidation in the rural areas, continue the work in sending provin- 
Cial, prefectural, city and county cadres to the countryside to strengthen 
work at the grassroots level and help train rural cadres; 2) put town and 
township cadres in charge of ideological and political work in villages, and 
party members in households, so that ideological and political work can be 
carried out among the masses; 3) continue the activities to develop civilized 
villages (townships), five-good families and two-civilization households; 

and 4) mobilize the masses to do a good job in running wired broadcasting 
stations, cultural activities centers, houses of young militiamen and other 
propaganda and cultural positions and promote healthy and useful cultural and 
recreational activities. 

be ° 

Enterprises at present are mainly to do good ideological and political work 
in the process of reform. Ideological and political work should be done 
jointly under the unified leadership of party committees and with the close 
cooperation of party, administrative, trade union and CYL organizations. On 
the basis of doing a good job in education on the current situation and 


y implement 
party Central Committee's decision on reforming the education system and 
n t and physical develop- 
rt and correct 

l education whi 

4 and mora le 
ne-Sidedly stressing intellectual development Party organizations should 
Viit > 1+ SA y Ovi Diiss Aiiv LLC VUdaSL AS VU LV 3 . y Org a &¢ LVI) M6mVULU 
Sum up past experiences and,on that basis, formulate plans and measures tc 

Tre yt ry . nnr I1nNeac SOIC = % nc jcal we . ’ hiliz { roeani7 
rengtnen ana improve 1Q@eo0io0gical ana poilliCal wOrk nad moodo111Zeé ind Organize 
} f ’ 12 «6h ' , Anerant + . AD rthe Van al 
aii forces to work in concert to strengtnen ldeologic 


al and political work. 
1 eological education while 
S Special attention 

performing their own administrative duties. S should be paid 
to strengthening ideological work on teachers, helping them make up their 
minds not only to impart knowledge but to educate people and to set an example 

for students in word and deed. Jigorous efforts should be made to reform the 

r " nr al « . ‘ ’ tr / - } tr le a=! aQ , a) t ; / , , 4 l > ’ 
DOi1 tical tneory and ideol IZZY ana m raility classes to provi de correct answers 
ane ar . ;srne +- ns (7 . No m~1 ea sy) oft} - a ; + ; ’ ~ + | M + _ 

and solutions to questions raised by students in the light of their actual 

ideological state. Work on students in each class or grade should be 

os rnanoarkthnarrdyn -;, —— . - ) - . + hane . ~ 1 Sc eraler ] - > £3 oy, 
Strengthened energetically, and teachers who are relatively well qualified 
y and who enjoy some prestige among 

: al ~ Qc wT io } - > ~ ) 
id snould be selected to be in charge of classes or serve as political 
> y iC . i7 L , ] 1 . ~~ “T —~ri ~ - +9 ? + } sm ~ 1 , o - ~ . 
instructors. Students should be encouraged to educate themselves, and the 
Aw an lawnme _ . } ' ~ < - t., - } Ov ~~ . _ / = nm a} 1) ave" 
exemplary vanguard role f party and CYL members among students should be 

my, ll aie yr) + + ¥ r 
Ji ARI hii A Wicdy e 
anaAainge - rn , + } < rOnna +> Yr la ic Q a ~ le - va. : eo 
lu AULA LLLP 1UT'e Varol A Level Nave - rie v\ enterprises, schools ana rura.s 
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v Liape » where ney id U ea 15 A‘ 11rectvly with tne maSses, Lloveneda | 
+ | +, r+ a, rib ; ;7an ¢ P mroNnt eitiati: : ? vniained or t1riaac + 
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de 1 Ut Ol I 4 d , Ad lai ind Bau tL LVUIldi Ve pal “ments QiiVu , IldaKe WOC lal 
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| - ,caa anr +b . atinnce > 4 cr anr 4 >levi ‘Wat a! +torn-e ha a yt - y j 
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n+ q ) " - + - A q ae ] + od hy moai)* mal 
tNer dé j ura na e€ atv1lLONal Ge tment The mSUUL MaKe 





11 and cultural workers should 
therland, link their own thinking 
lese nation's new rise, enthusi- 
ng the masses, work hard to create 
art to inspire the masses 
t new goals, and make 
ral work to serve the 


Ological and cultural departments 
criterion, correctly handle the 
omic returns and oppose the idea 
[he practice of newspapers, 
xcessive fees and dealing in 
ivertising and other businesses 

nd showing units selling tickets 
propaganda units operating ona 
Should be changed. It is necessary 
ion and circulation of bad products 

examination system for intellectual 
first step in the production 
level of production. If examina- 
inks and conducted only at the 
ic losses but, more important, 
production of films and televi- 
nts in charge to carry ot 
film scripts to their shooting 
should be carried out on other 

tual products should be 
nts of intellectual products are 
ibility to develop on their own. 
ly increase the operational funds 
the financial departments should 
he actual conditions. These units 
and management and guard against 


p of party committees at various 
artments. They should spend about 
the propaganda and cultural] 

ishments under them to sum up 

yrrect guiding ideology for their 
the production and management 
ir leading bodies in accordance 

conference and the relevant 

n the Province to Study 


6. Seriously Organize the New and Veteran Cadres 
Marxist Theory 

The Marxist theory is our party's gui g ideology and guide for action. The 
development of the Marxist theory is Sis and the soul of the socialist 
spiritual civilization. It is imperative to attach great importance to 
theoretical study, research and p 

Comrade Deng Xiaoping said at the party's national conference that all party 
cadres, new ones and veterans, should study Marxist theory in order to 
acquire a stronger sense of adhering to principles in work, a systematic 
approach, foresight and creativity. Conscientiously implementing Comrade 
Deng Xiaoping's call and overcoming the tendency to neglect theoretical study 
are of extremely great and far-reaching significance to stepping up the 
building of the socialist spiritual civilization and strengthening ideological 
and political work. Party committees at all levels must adopt effective 
measures to organize cadres to study theory and improve their political 
quality and professional competence. Cadres' theoretical study is focused on 
leading cadres at and above the county and regimental level. The main content 
of the study is basic Marxist theory centering on the question of building 
socialism with Chinese characteristics. As to time, in addition to studying 
theory and policies regularly, cadres should be released from work to 
concentrate on study for 1 month each year. The provincial party school will 
arrange for cadres at the department and bureau level to be released from 
work for study, and other party and cadre schools will make similar arrange- 
ments for cadres at the county and regiment level. Cadres below the county 

d regiment level will study according to arrangements made by the provincial 
party committee's propaganda department. 

Party committees and their responsible comrades will be directly responsible 
for cadres' theoretical study. Party committees at the provincial, prefec- 
tural, city and county levels and various provincial-level departments should 
all set up a core study group, as the organizational form of leading members' 
regular theoretical and policy studies and at the same time to guide and 

ush forward other cadres' studies. The propaganda departments of party 
committees, lecturer groups and theoretical teachers should serve as good 
assistants responsible for study organization and guidance. In addition to 
Strengthening the lecturer groups at the provincial and prefectural (city) 
levels as soon as possible, full-time theoretical teachers should be assigned 
to all provincial-level departments, county party committees and large and 

medium-sized enterprises. 

To study Marxist theory, first it is necessary to do serious reading to learn 
and grasp the basic theory. Next it is necessary to sum up experience in the 
light of one's current thinking and work to acquire greater understanding, 
rectify the party style and make improvements in work. We must on the one 
hand oppose dogmatism which is divorced from realities, and on the other 

hand oppose pragmatism and the unhealthy study style of not matching words 

with deeds. 

ning cadre theoretical study, it is also necessary to promote 


ivorously theoretical research and propaganda. It is necessary to further 
organize the ranks of theoretical workers to step up neseapch and propaganda 
with the emphasis on the province's political, economic, social and cultural 
pment strategy and problems in reforming the economic system. 

TL, 3 + 
wnile strengther 

- Strictly Enforcing the Legal System and Discipline 

The legal system and discipline are important guarantees for the development 
the material and spiritual civilization and the fundamental improvement 
of the party style and social conduct and also the indispensable means to 
Strengthen ideological and political work. Therefore, to achieve the four 
rnizations, we must on the one hand pay attention to construction and on 
he: hand strengthen the legal system. While putting major emphasis 
ion by positive example, we must also strictly enforce law and dis- 
nd firmly overcome the phenomena of lax discipline, laws being vio- 
failure to enforce strictly the law and make sure that lawbreakers 

Tava | 

of all, it is necessary to strengthen education on the legal system and 
line and step up the development of the legal system and discipline. It 
ary to implement conscientiously the plan on popularizing basic legal 
in 5 years, educate the cadres and the masses to shift from the 
ice of relying mainly on policies in doing things to the path of 
ig not only on policies but also on the legal system, increase their under- 
n f the importance of the legal system and enhance their awareness 
al system and consciousness in implementing law and discipline. At 
Same time, in view of the new conditions and problems arising with the 
loping situation of the reforms and the policy of opening to the ou } 
world and enlivening the economy, it is necessary to establish, improve and 
perfect various kinds of laws, decrees, disciplines, rules and regulations 
in good time to insure that the economic reform will move forward along the 
t orientation. 

Second, in performing our duties, we should have the courage and know how to 
apply the legal and disciplinary means and correct the tendency to be “over- 
lenient" in enforcing law and discipline. We must really make sure that 
l1iscipline and laws are observed and that those who violate discipline and 
laws are punishec Particularly the habitual and serious economic and criminal] 
offenders who refuse to mend their ways despite repeated education, including 
criminals engaged in selling women and children, superstitious occupations 
and activities of reactionary superstitious sects and secret societies, 

prostitution and so forth, must be severely punished according to law. 
Third, it is necessary to strengthen the ranks of discipline-inspection, 
public security, procuratorial and judicial personnel and bring into full 

play the functions of these departments. Cadres of discipline and law enforce- 
ment and other supervisory departments must conscientiously study law and 
jiscipline, use law and discipline as the yardstick, observe law and discipline 
in their own words and deeds, adhere to the principle of fairness and honesty, 
arry forward the fine style of honesty in performing their official duties 




wala as Ww & 






Xian SHAANXI RIBAO in Chinese 20 Mar 86 p 2 

/Excerpt of the Provincial Higher People's Court's Work Report Delivered at 
the Fourth Session of the Sixth Provincial People's Congress on 13 March 1986 
by Liu Mingxin /0491 2494 2450/, Vice President of the Provincial Higher 
People's Court/ 

/Text/ l. Maintain the Guiding Principle of "Speedy and Stern" Administration 
of Justice, Continue To Crack Down on Serious Criminal Offenses 

In 1985 the provincial courts, in accordance with the plans of the party Cen- 
tral Committee and the provincial party committee, and in close issociation 

with the procuratorates, engaged in a deep struggle to crack down on the criminal 
elements who endangered society and severely penalized those who threatene, 

the lives and the wellbeing of the people and those who disrupted law ard 

order in society. For the year, a total of 8,171 criminal cases were tried and 
decided, and 8,209 counterrevolutionaries and criminal elements were sentenced. 

In the struggle to crack down on crimes, we have steadfastly maintained the 
party Central Committee's guiding principle of the "speedy and stern" admin- 
istration of justice, added to it the requirement of "precision," punished 
those who should be punished, severely punished those who deserved to be 
severely punished, and sentenced to death those who deserved the death penalty. 
While cracking down relentlessly on the criminal elements, those very few 
people who really did not commit a crime or whose actions cid not constitute 
a crime were exonerated. Those cases where the facts were unclear or the 
evidence was insufficient were reverted to the procuratorates for further 
investigation. Last year 137 people were exouerated by the people's courts 
and 937 cases, involving 1,586 people, were reverted to th2 procuratores fer 
further investigation. 

2. Crack Down Severely on Serious Economic Crimes To Protect the Economic 
Constructions, Ensure Smooth Progress in Restructuring the Socialist Economic 

In this historical era of implementing liberation, revitalization, and reforms, 
the prosecution of economic crimes and the protection of the socialist economic 
constructions and economic reforms are the major and urgent tasks before the 
people's courts. In 1985 our provinciai people's courts followed the party 


policies and the laws of the country and promptly brought to justice those 
criminal elements who took advantage of the reforms and engaged instead in 
corruption and bribery, smuggling and trafficking in contraband, speculation 
and fraud, profiteering, tax evasion, theft of state property, and the criminal] 
violation of legal rights of the specialized households and the integrated 
economic bodies. Last year, the provincial courts handled a total of 1,553 
cases of economic crime cases and sentenced 1,657 offenders. Because the courts 
exacted fines, confiscated properties, and retrieved illicit money and goods, 
the state and the collectives were able to recover 2.27 million yuan in economic 
losses. The courts effectively protected our economic constructions and 

defended the restructuring of the economic system. 

3. Enhance the Judicial Work in Civil Cases, Mobilize the People's Enthusiasm 
in Socialist Constructions 

In recent years, as a result of the internal economic revitalization, the 
restructuring of the urban and rural economic systems, the rapid developments 
in the commodity economy, and the corresponding changes in financial relation- 
ships, there has been a steady increase in civil lawsuits. In 1985, the 
provincial people's courts handled 37,123 new civil suits, which was an 8 
percent increase over the 1984 total; added to those cases left over from 
1984, the total reached 40,646 cases. There were significant increases in 
cases involving debts, arable and forest lands, water conservancy, residential 
bases, and compensations. Administering justice in civil suits is a great 
responsibility, and the pressure is great. The people's courts manifested 
their pioneering spirit and positive attitude and handled many civil cases 
precisely, judiciously, and promptly. They gave top priority and found proper 
solutions to cases pertaining to reforms, "integrated two households," and 
conflicts at the risk of further aggravations. Last year the provincial 
people's courts tried and closed 36,869 first-time civil cases, 3,363 second- 
time cases, and 5/2 civil appeal cases. At the same time the courts handled 
more than 140,000 letters from the people and received over 174,900 visitors. 

4. Initiated a New Phase in Economic Judicial Work, Expedite Developments 
in Restructuring the Economic System 

In 1985, in compliance with the spirit of the party Central Committee's 

"Resolutions Pertaining to the Restructuring of the Economic System" which 
specified that "the courts should enhance their judicial work in economic 
cases,"' the provincial people's courts at ali levels actively embarked on 

their economic judicial work and fully demonstrated the effectiveness and 
function of utilizing legal means to protect and to expedite economic reforms 
and economic developments. The courts handled 7,944 first-time economic dispute 
cases, which was a 117.8 percent increase over the 3,646 cases in 1984. They 
tried and closed 6,061 case:, which was a 132.4 percent increase over the 

2,608 cases in 1984. 

In 1985 not only did the number of economic dispute lawsuit increase, but the 
category of cases also increased and the sums of money in dispute multiplied. 
In addition, many economic criminal elements hid behind the names of "'Company,' 
"Center," or "Trading Company" and used legal or fraudulent contracts to engage 

in speculations, fraud, and other criminal activities, and thus some economi« 

disputes were tangled up with economic crimes, giving rise to a complex situa- 

tion. In the face of the formidable tasks of examining these crimes, and 

under a new environment with new problems, the people's courts planned meticu- 
lously and spared no effort; they have finally achieved distinguished results. 

5. Fortify the Construction of a Contingent of Courts, Improve the Political 
and Professional Qualities of the Cadres 

During the past year, in order to satisfy the needs of the new environment and 

job requirements, the people's courts have fortified their construction of a 
contingent of courts and have taken various measures to expedite the improve- 
ment of the cadres’ political and professional standards. A majority of the 
intermediate people's courts have linked up with the basic courts to consoli- 
date party organizations and rectify ideology, work style, discipline, and 
organization in the contingent of courts and have produced a large number of 
progressive groups and individuals. Their actions have been recognized and 

commended by the leading organs at all levels. However, at present the standard 

of the contingent of people's courts is still inadequate in satisfying the 
increasingly complex and formidable duties. We must persist in grasping the 
construction of the contingent of courts so that they can become a highly 
qualified judicial team with a firm political stance, pure organization, stri 
discipline, professional excellence, and job efficiency. 

CSO: 4005/623 




Lanzhou GANSU RIBAO in Chinese 21 Mar 86 p l 

/Article by Ji Xiaoyang /4764 2556 7122/: "The Provincial Party Committee 
Reported on the Situation of Party Rectification in the Provincial Organs 
Directly Under the Party Central Committee and Deployed the Next Phase of its 
Tasks: "Manage the Party Stringently, Rectify Unhealthy Tendencies, Improve 
the Work Style of the Organizations"/ 

/Text/ In the afternoon of 20 March, the provincial party committee convened 
the leading comrades of the provincial offices, bureaus, departments, commit- 
tees, and groups directly under the party Central Committee, informed them of 
the developments in the previous phase of party rectification and work-style 

improvement, and deployed the next phase of the task. 

The meeting was presided by Li Ziqi /2621 1311 1142/, the provincial party 
committee secretary. Initially, on behalf of the provincial party committee, 
Wang Zhanchang /3769 9584 2490/, member of the standing committee of the pro- 
vincial party committee and secretary of the provincial party discipline 
inspection commission, reported on the developments in party rectification in 
the provincial organs directly under the party Central Committee. He said that 
it has been 1 and 4 months since the provircial party committee convened the 
general meeting of the cadres of the party Central Committee's provincial 
organs, and a vast majority of the organs have already taken action, so we 

can say that we have a good beginning. From the provincial-level leading organs 
t» the members of the leading groups of the offices, bureaus, departments, 
committees, and organized groups, all have organized meetings on democratic 
life and have spearheaded self-examinations and self-corrections. Some units 
voluntarily returned the prize money given to them by subordinate units and 
repaid overdue taxes; some comrades even looked into the issue of accepting 
dinner invitations. Reactions among the people were good. Upon the groundwork 
of inspection and purification, the units grasped the investigation and handling 
of major and crucial cases as their breakthrough points and propelled the 
organs toward further improvements in work style. At present, the major and 
crucial cases can be divided into four categories: first, concerning those 
who were victimized by bureaucracy and fraud, causing the state and the 
collectives to suffer serious economic losses. Second, concerning those who 
abused official authorities, engaging in corruption and bribery. Third, con- 
cerning those who exploit reform and profiteered on state-owned goods and 


materials, which is bribery in disguise. Four, gross violations of the law. 
Although only a few individuals are involved in these cases, the effects are 
damaging; they ruin the prestige of the government and the party, corrupt the 
morale of the party and the general mood of society, and undermine the people's 
confidence in the "four modernizations."' Therefore these cases must be 
seriously dealt with. Concurrently, the units have also carried out a radical 
elimination of the six unhealthy tendencies as pointed out in the party Central 
Committee's documents. As of 7 March, the provincial party committee, the pro- 
vincial government, and other departments have turned over 41 automobiles, 
abolished 8 "false-front companies" and companies doing business illegally, 

and halted the operations of another 11 companies. They have basically solved, 
and will continue to clean up, the problems with businesses operated by the 
party and government and their spouses, families, and relatives. 

According to Comrade Wang Zhanchang, there are still some problems with the 
proper work style remaining in the provincial organs directly under the party 
Central Committee. These are mainly due to uneven developments; some units 
have lagged behind because the leading groups lack confidence while others 
lack precise directions. Some units are bogged down by a bureaucratic style: 
they engage in minor disputes, their discipline is slack, and their efficiency 
is low. Other units are marred by a total absence of organization and dis- 
cipline and the display of liberalism in politics; they are overcritical 

and indiscrete with their criticisms, and they even engage in gossip and 
slander and propagate negative sentiments. The investigation and handling of 
major and critical cases in these units have fallen behind. Finally, Comrade 
Wan Zhanchang also have five suggestions for the next phase of the task. 

llext, on behalf of the provincial party committee, Liu Bing /0491 0393/, deputy 
secretary of the provincial party committee, reported on the democratic-life 
meetings of the standing committee of the provincial party committee. 

Comrade Li Ziqi spoke after the reports were delivered. He said that during 
the previous pahse, some cadres and individuals inside and outside of the 
party had brought suggestions. These were sincere, well-meaning suggestions 
aimed at encouraging the provincial party committee to do a better job. These 
suggestions are welcomed. He also said that not only will improving the work 
style of the party be the goal of the provincial party committee for this year, 
but we shall not slacken our grip for 2 years. He emphatically pointed out 
that in rectifying improper tendencies, we must differentiate between the 
cause and the symptoms of problems in the party's work style; we must differ- 
entiate between the unhealthy tendencies and unintentional mistakes associated 
with reforms and differentiate between unhealthy tendencies and deliberate 
violations of the laws. By rectifying the unhealthy tendencies in the party 

we will achieve a good work style in the various organs. 

CSO: 4005/623 



Hong Kong MING PAO in Chinese 24 Mar 86 p 6 

[Text] (Special report from Beijing) The food is getting worse and worse for 
rank-and-file soldiers in China's armed forces. The matter is now brought to 
the attention of the top leadership of the military, and is being tackled as a 
serious problem. 

According to an investigation by a department concerned, at present there are 
many loopholes in food management in the grassroots units of the armed forces. 
"Some regard food money as an ‘all-purpose fund' which can be used for 
anything, even buying a radio cassette recorder; some cadres' (officers') 
family members come to the company to get rice, flour, and vegetables at will 
and for free, ‘taking firewood from under the big pot to heat the oil in their 
small pot'; some unit commanders entertain guests and send gifts with money 
taken from the unit's food fund; and some cooks and management personnel 
practice fraud, graft, and embezzlement." 

Because of this, in late January this year, the General Staff Headquarters, 
the General Political Department and the General Logistics Department issued a 
directive to the whole army on strengthening food management, calling on the 
leadership at all levels to make serious efforts to strengthen food management 
and regard it as an important task. 

The directive calls on unit commanders and headquarters, political and 
logistics organs to work in concert in strengthening food management. In 
units at and below the company level, one leading cadre must be specifically 
responsible for food management. At the same time, competent noncommissioned 
officers, supply personnel and cooks should be selected, and they should be 
given stepped-up ideological education to help them become good housekeepers 
who know their jobs, observe law and discipline, perform their duties honestly 
and have the courage to resist unhealthy trends. 

The directive calls for serious attention to the formulation of various food 
management regulations, including regulations governing the rotation of menus, 
kitchen duties, checking and acceptlng supplies, consumption record-keeping, 
food sanitation and so forth. No one is allowed to buy staple or nonstaple 
food items from the soldiers' food stocks, give dinner parties or send gifts 
with money from the food fund or production income, use food money for other 

purposes and so forth. It is necessary to strengthen control over purchases 
of nonstaple food items and vegetables, irprove the economic committee systen, 
examine the books periodically and publish monthly reports on expenditures for 

The directive emphatically calls for erforts to increase agricultural and 
‘ideline production and thoroughly improve the rank-and-file soldiers' meals 
in 2 or 3 years. Units at and above the regiment level must use part of their 
funds to help the grassroots-level units solve problems in securing necessary 
production and living facilities. Production income should be used in a 
rational way. Except for repaying loans and expanding reproduction according 
to regulations, income from production should be used mainly for improving the 
living standards of the men and company and platoon officer's. Income from 
Spare-time production can only be used to improve the food for the rank-and- 
file soldiers. 

CSO: 4005/577 



Shanghai BAOKAN WENZHAI in Chinese 4 Feb 86 p 1 
[Article: "Youngest High-level Commander"] 

[Text] He Qizong [0149 0366 1350], currently China's youngest high-level 
commanding officer, is from Yingshan County in Shichuan Province. In 1961 
he joined the army while still in school. The following year he took part 
in a defensive counterattack in the eastern sector (Wa Nong District) during 
the Sino-Indian Border War, serving as the general's bodyguard. Afterwards 
he served 4 years as a platoon leader, then 11 years as a staff officer in 
the organization. As a deputy regimental commander and chief of staff he 
took part in the 1978 defensive counterattack against Vietnam, entered 

the Chinese PLA Military Academy for 2 years of study in 1980, and later 
became chief of the general staff and then a division commander in the 
Southwest Army. As a deputy army commander, he took part in the defensive 
counterattack against Vietnam at Zhe Ying Shan in April of 1984, being 
promoted to army commander soon after. Now 43 years old, he was transferred 
to the post of chief of the deputy chiefs of staff last year in March. 

As chief of the four-man deputy chiefs of staff, He Qizong is personally 
responsible for organizational and supply work. He told this reporter that 
last year, the first year of the reform and reorganization plan of the 
Military Commission of the Central Committee of the CPC, high-level army 
leadership units were merged, field armies were reconstructed and recomposed 
with all manner of troops into regiments, and other major undertakings were 
all linked to the plan, with steps carefully taken and completed. The 
elimination of 1 million soldiers and workers has been smoothly carried 

out and rules for the reform of relevant cadre organizations have been 
drawn up, discussed by the Military Commission of the Central Committee of 
the CPC, and submitted to the Standing Committee of the National People's 
Congress for consideration. 

Question: What reforms are you preparing for implementation this year? 
Answer: The most important thing is for the entire military school and 
rear-service system and the county-level people's military supply depart- 

ments to implement reductions. I estimate that this can be completed by 
all departments before the year's end. 


Question: What are you doing to expedite equipment modernization: 

He Qizong indicated that “eyeing the world's advanced levels, we are 
strengthening scientific and technological research as a starting point. 
Equipment and human talent are the two key problems of ovr peacetime 
military construction. In 1979, after the 3d Plenary Session of the 1lth 
party Central Committee, weapons design and production have been raised 

a step. The use of computérs has increased daily in planning, command, 
demonstration, navigation, handling, surveying, and other areas. The 
army's equipment has been progressively renewed, making this the best 

of times since the establishment of the New China. Because military 
expenditures are limited, from now on we will concentrate our material 
resources and manpower, highlight the main points, ans speed up the develop- 
ment of new types of weapons. 

The outside world§ notion of his being the son of the old cadre He Zhangzong 
is a pure biographical fiction. He Qizong said: "Around the time of 

Liberation my father worked as a cook at the county seat. Before Liberation 
my mother washed people's clothes. They passed away more than 10 years ago." 

CSO: 4005/603 



Hefei ANHUI RIBAO in Chinese 27 Mar 86 p 4 

[Article by Li Yuanxi [2621 0337 0823]: “Firmly Focus on National Economic 
Construction, Further Strengthen the keserves"] | 

[Text] The strategic transformation of the guiding ideology of national 
defense construction is an indication that our country's armed forces have 
entered a new period of peaceful construction. As component parts of the 
national defense forces, the militia and reserves must adapt to this trans- 
formation. This requires that we meet with the Central Committee's target 
relating to the goal “every local party committee and government level and 
every military district level must center upon economic construction and 
strengthen the leadership of the militia and reserves," further unify 
ideology and knowledge, increase awareness of subordination and service 

to the direction of the overall economic situation, and actively strive to 
explore now approaches to militia and reserve work in the new era. 

Since the 3d Plenary Session of the 1lth Central Committee, under the guidance 
of the party's ideological line starting in 1982 we have implemented a 

series of reforms of the militia organizations and obtained some resuits: 
crack militia forces, an increase in the quality of the militia, a reduction 
in size of the pre-reform core of the militia, and increased preparedness 

for wartime mobilization. Furthermore, we have also had some success in 
drawing reserves from some districts and county seats, reducing training 
responsibilities, reforming training methods, adjusting and strengthening 

the militia's weapons handling, lightening the burden on the masses, 
strengthening the work of the militia's governing ideology, and arousing 

the militia's enthusiasm for taking part in the two kinds of culture building. 
Especially after the introduction in Lai An County of joint government and 
provincial military district on-the-spot meetings for "setting an example 

in getting rich through diligence and giving priority to the duty of 
defending the country," a large number of militia members have begun to set 
an example of getting rich by diligence and study. The entire province 

has given rise to over 20,000 militia households, over 17,000 militia 

economic cooperation associations, and the emergence of such progressive 

pez sonalities as Zhang Chengzhi [1728 0015 2535] and Zhang Jinlao [1728 

6855 0525]. 


But we must also observe that the development of the militia and the 
reserve situation is still not mutually compatible. Because of this, we 
must earnestly follow the 1l6-character slogan put forward by the headquarters 
of the General Staff and the General Political Department: "Reduce numbers, 
improve quality, grasp the vital points and lay a good foundation," further 
reform the militia and reserves, and improve their subordination and service 
to the overall situation of national economic construction. 

The Central Committee clearly points out that the militia system is one of 
our country's traditional military systems, that militia building is an 
important part of national defense construction, especially under the 
conditions of the country's present concentration of resrouces on carrying 
out socialist modermization, economic construction, and the reduction of 
active forces, and th°t strengthening militia building and implementing a 
mutually integrated militia and reserve system are not only suited to the 
requirements of a future war to repel aggressors but is also the only path 
to the construction of a modern defense. We must have a correct under- 
standing of militia and reserve work. We must make clear the relation 
between militia work and economic work and the reduction of forces and 
reserve building. We must make a clear distinction between a little training 
and no training, and between lightening and rejecting these two limitations. 
Clearly, militia and reserve work must never resemble the previous attitude 
of "going in for it in a biz way," but we also cannot fail to do it. Our 
nation of 1 billion people, no matter that it is a time of peace, must up- 
hold social order, defend the four modernizations, encourage scholarship 
among the masses in peacetime, and strengthen the concept of national defense 
and the spirit of patriotism. After the reduction of the active forces, it 
will still be necessary to strengthen reserve building. Militia and reserve 
work is indispensable. The problem is how to adapt national defense 
construction to the strategic transformation of the guiding ideology, 
further strengthen the leadership of the militia and reserves, and do this 
kind of work well. Under the guiding ideology, we must pay attention to 
and put militia and reserve work in its proper place. We must firmly focus 
on economic construction as our center, energetically organize and mobilize 
the militia as the spearhead and vanguard of economic construction, and 
make a contribution to economic construction. This way, the militia and 
reserve talent will uphold the correct direction and have a solid mass 
foundation and material foundation. The more this talent does, the better, 
thereby receiving the support and confidence of every local-level party 
committee and government. 

Starting with the practical situation in Anhui, a thorough application of 
the 16-character policy should improve cooperation between militia and 
reserves. Upon the foundation of the present militia organization, managing 
with the greater part of the reserves, the key point is to grasp the core 

of the militia. At the same time, we must continue to reform militia and 
reserve work in the cities and towns, bring training right into enterprise 
management plans, and progressively, on an experimental basis, implement 
military training among high school and high-level middle school students, 

with a plan to train them as reserve and militia members. Starting with 
the proper handling of the reserve organization in such areas as equipment 
and training, we must continue to grope for and accumulate experience in 
wartime mobilization. If we do these jobs well then we can establish a 
solid foundation for our nation's reserves and make the militia and 
reserves truly strong. At present, military training must be reduced in 
scale. Impoverished areas and severely afflicted areas may be exempted 
from training. The important thing is to arouse the militia to do good 
production work, transforming the appearance of the impoverished areas. We 
must reform training methods, give priority to selection as the basis of 
the training focus, implement “integration of military, political, and 
technological affairs," and satisfy the militia's desire for knowledge 

and wealth. We must highlight the main points, grasping well the training 
of militia cadres and soldiers with technical expertise. We must concentrate 
our efforts on improving quality, building militia and reserves that are few 
in number but well trained. We must continue to mobilize the militia to 
participate in the building of the two civilizations, take the lead in 
getting rich through industriousness, study science and literature, be 
completely eager to help with dangerous responsibilities, study the example 
of Lei Feng [9547 6912], uphold social order, etc. Going through these 
exercises will further temper the militia, encourage the militia organiza- 
tions, and turn the expanded militia into an idealistic, ethical, cultured, 
and disciplined generation of new men. 

We must do militia and reserve work well. We still have to strengthen the 
leadership of this work. This will be one type of guarantee that militia 
and reserve work will be done well. We must continue to develop the party's 
particu .ar tradition of handling equipment and uphold the dual-leadership 
institutions of the local party committees and the military system. In 
light of the demands of the Central Committee and the Military Affairs 
Commission, county and town militia departments must rectify local con- 
struction, do this kind of work well, and strengthen the key link of leader- 
ship. After the rectification, how to make all the connections logical, how 
to maintain the continuity of military work, and not to strengthen the self- 
construction of the military departments in their ideology, organization, 
and work will be an important question before us. We must research these 
new conditions, new problems, and new times with an enthusiastic attitude 
toward the people in the military departments who are carrying on the 
leadership of military work. We should be concerned with and pay attention 
to those involved in building the military departments, help as much as 
possible to solve concrete problems, and thereby ensure the implementation 
of basic-level militia and reserve work. 

CSO: 4005/603 



Chengdu SICHUAN RIBAO in Chinese 26 Jan 86 p 1 

[Article by Wei Zhiquan [7614 1807 0356], Ding Xueshu [0002 1331 2579], and Lu 
Jianzhong [0712 1696 0022]: "Taking the Lead in Correcting Unhealthy Trends" ] 

[Text ] Actively responding to the Central Military Commission's call for the 
armed forces to take the lead in correcting unhealthy trends, the party 
committee of the Sichuan Provincial Military District headquarters has 
mobilized the cadres of leading organs to expose thoroughtly the existing 
unhealthy trends and turn them into "rats scurrying across the street with 
everyone yelling: Kill them, kill them!" 

The headquarters party committee holds that at present there are three kinds 
of thinking and feeling adversely affecting the effort to expose and correct 
unhealthy trends. The first is, "doing what is popular is nothing to be 
ashamed of." Such unhealthy practices as giving dinner parties and sending 
gifts are regarded as "necessary for work." The second is the small-group 
mentality, the feeling that money and things can be used for whatever purposes 
wathout fear of consequences so long as they are not put into one's own 
pocket. The third is a manifestation of the thinking "don't wash your dirty 
linen in public,” reporting only the good news and not the bad. To counter 
these ideas, the leadership of the headquarters took the lead in making self- 
criticisms, calling for everyone to supervise the leaders. Using the party 
Central Committee's documents as a mirror, the leadership and all other cadres 
of the headquarters examined themselves and identified the following unhealthy 
trends. Some units have their own "family property"; some units make purchases 
of monopolized or controlled goods at will without authorization; a 
corporation under the headquarters has loaned large amounts of money to local 
commercial units without authorization; and there have been cases in which 
visitors from higher organizations were treated in excess of authorized 
standards, and souvenirs were presented to those attending meetings. After 
identifying the manifestations of the unhealthy trends, the headquarters party 
committee made the following decision without waiting for a next time: 1) All 
departments and offices should make a thorough examination on how money made 
from outside-of-plan projects was spent and report the findings to the 
headquarters party committee before the end of January. 2) Units which have 
purchased monopolized or controlled goods and loaned large sums of money to 
local commercial units without authorization will be investigated and dealt 
with. 3) It is impermissible to give or accept reception in excess of 
authorized standards. Currently, the headquarters has closed down the 
corporation in question, and those who have problems of economic concern are 
under investigation. 

12802 101 
CSO: 4005/577 


Chengdu SICHUAN RIBAO in Chinese ? Feb 86 p 1 

[Text ] The Sichuan Provincial Government and the Chengdu Military Reglon 
have decided to work together and start early in organizing the training of 
more than 2,000 cadres to be transferred to civilian work in Sichuan from PLA 
units stationed in the province in 1986, cadres who need vocational training. 
This was learned by this reporter at the conference on the tiaining of cadres 
to be transferred from PLA units stationed in Sichuan to civilian work, opened 
on 25 January. It was learned that this is the first reform of its kind in 

Specifically the reform involves the following: First, the PLA units will 
provide in advance ea namelist and other basic information to the local 
authorities, and the local personnel ¢epartments will make a preliminary 
classification. After the cadres' new lines and places of work are 
determined, they will be organized jointly by their units and the local 
authorities for training in specific vocational fields and practice in 
specific local organizations to prepare them for the work they will do after 
their transfer. Then they will be evaluated and assigned jobs within limits 
set by state policies, and the methods of job placement include 
recommendations by military units, assignments by local authorities and 
selection by the hiring units. In thls way, training, evaluation, and job 
placement are integrated organically. 

Gu Jinchi [7357 6855 3069], vice governor, and Shao Nong [6730 6593], director 
of the Political Department, Chengdu Military Region, spoke at the meeting on 
29 January. They expressed the hope that the units concerned will have a 
better understanding of the importance of the training work and take concrete 
actions to support the streamlining and reorganization of the armed forces and 
local economic development. 

CSO: 4005/577 


Chengdu SICHUAN RIBAO in Chinese 18 Mar 86 p 1 

[Article by Cao Dong [2580 2767 20881: "Comprehensive Student Pilot 
Recruitment Begins in Our Province" j 

[Text] The 1986 couprehensive student pilot recruitment program has begun 
in our province. 

The targets of this year's student pilot recruitment are the high- and 
mid-level graduates of 1986. Their ages this year will be between 16 and 19 
(those born between 1 January 1967 and 31 December 1970). The time for 
student pilot recruitment will be divided into the March mobilization, the 
April physical check-ups, and the nationwide cultural examination from 

10 to 12 May covering the five subjects of mathematics, physics, chemistry, 
language and liteiature, and politics. The method of recruitment: on 

the basis of voiuntary student enlistment, after a recommendation from the 
schocl, passing a physica! examination, political interrogation, and the 
cultural qualifying examination, following the principle of selecting and 
recruiting the excellent, a lea‘ing group of student pilots from the province 
will be examined and approved. 

This year's pilot recruitment physicals will go beyond the methods of the 
standard provincial physicals and exterd to the cities and districts as 
well. There is a new stiupiation for the political interrogation, 

requiring a thorough policy of "stressing political expression" and upholding 
the principle of seeking truth from facts. The students must have a total 
score of over 300 in the five subjects to pass the entrance tamination. 

CSO: 4005/603 



Lanzhou GANSU RIBAO in Chinese 10 Mar 86 p 4 

[Article by Gansu Military District Commander Zhou Yuechi [6650 6390 3069]: 
"Reserve Building Amidst Reform"] 

[Text] How to reform the militia and the reserve service so as to make then 
suit the new situation is an important problem we really need to study and 
solve. Recently, having thoroughly studied the essence of the pertinent 
Central Committee documents, we feel, in connection with a practical 
investigation and analysis ot Gansu, that the several related items below 
should deal with it: 

First, we must correctly recognize and deal with the relation between 
militia building and economic construction, be aware of subordination and 
service to the general situation of economic construction, and work hard to 
contribute to the vigorous development of Gansu's economy. The relation 
between militia building and economic construction is the relation between 
the part and the whole, the general situation being the suberdination and 
service of militia building to economic construction. We cannot strengthen 
the militia until the country is wealthy. These past 2 years. we have 
gradually put into effect a transformation of the guiding ideology of 
militia work, upheld the goal "start the four modernizations of the militia, 
manage the militia by focusing on the four modernizations," and given full 
play to the "two cultures"-building function of the militia. The militia 
and reserves have also developed anew to make contributions to the promotion 
of Gansu's economy. By practice and proof, this way of doing things, 
benefitting country, people, and militia, is the basic direction of militia 
work under the new circumstances. It is also the basic outlet for 

militia work. From now on, we must firmly and unwaveringly uphold this 
direction. This way our militia- and reserve-building work can succeed. 

Second, we must correctly recognize and handle the relation between 
perseverance and blazing new trails of reform, boldly blaze new trails of 
reform on a foundation of perseverance, and actively explore new ways of 
militia- and reserve—-building work under the new conditions. During the 
protracted revolutionary struggle, our militia and reserves formed their 

own particular traditions and style of work. Especially since the 3d Plenary 
Session of the 1lth Central Committee, under the guidance of the party's 

ideological line, the party Central Committee has implemented a series of 
reforms of the militia and reserves, established a system of mutual integra- 
tion of the militia and reserves, and opened up new channels for building 

a reserve system with Chinese characteristics. Recently, the Central 
Committee, the State Council, and the Military Commission of the Central 
Committee of the CPC set some important targets for the reform of the 
militia and reserves. Their essence is subordination and service to the 
overall situation of national economic construction and the gradual 
reduction of quantity, raising quality, highlighting the key points, and 
laying a firm foundation. We must adapt to this transformation and upon 
the foundation of actively upholding our particular traditions, truly make 
good the reforms, actively explore new approaches, and stimulate new growth 
in our militia and reserves under the new conditions. 

Third, we must clearly recognize and handle the relationship between 
quantitative reduction and qualitative improvement. Some comrades look at 
the further quantitative reduction of the militia after the reduction in 
scale and then consider that militia work is unimportant, leading to a 
slackening in the requirements of militia and reserve work. This is a one- 
sided understanding. The Central Committee has strongly pointed out that 
the militia system is our country's traditional military system. Militia 
building is an important part of the modernization of national defense. 

In particular, under the conditions of the current national concentration 
of resources on implementing socialist modernization, economic construction, 
and the great reduction of active-duty forces, it is even more important 

to look at building national defense reserves. It must be seen that the 
mutual integration of a crack standing army and an enormous reserve is the 
only road to follow in building the modernization of national defense. 
Numerical reduction, lessening of scale, and reserve building are not 
contradictory. An army is not numbers but spirit. Tnis truth is applicable 
to militia building. Therefore, we must correctly recognize and handle 

the relation between quantitative reduction and qualitative improvement, 
work hard to raise the military and political quality of the primary 
militia and reserves, raise their combat effectiveness, and meet the 
requirements of combat readiness. 

CSO: 4005/603 




SHANGHAI GARRISON PAFD TRANSFER--The Shanghai Municipal CPC Committee, the 
municipal government and the Shanghai Garrison held a meeting on 22 April 
to make arrangements for the transfer of the district and county people's 
armed forces departments to local governments. Mayor Jiang Zemin addressed 
the meeting. It is learned that the municipal CPC Committee, the municipal 
government and the Shanghai Garrison have jointly formed a leading group to 
oversee the transfer. Currently, proper arrangements have already been made 
for this transfer. /Text/ /Shanghai City Service in Mandarin 0100 GMT 

23 Apr 86 OW/ 12228 

CSO: 4005/645 



Hong Kong CHING PAO in Chinese No 105, Apr 86 pp 60-62 

[Article By Chiang T'ien-hsiang [3592 1131 4382]: "Three Main Parts in 
"Psychological Warfare'--Perspective on Taipei's New Plan for Strategy Toward 
Hong Kong") 

[Text] On 19 December 1984, China and Britain signed a joint declaration, and 
Hong Kong's overall situation became clear. Since then, what sort of change 
ii mental attitude has the Taipei "government" gone through? What does it 
intend to do now? 

The initial reaction of the "government" to the "joint declaration" was to 
declare that it "did not recognize" it. However, later it could not but face 
reality, because if it always shoutei "no recognition" not only would it not 
hurt the "joint declaration," but, on the contrary, it would draw the disgust 
of all persons at home and abroad, on the island and off it, who had the 
slightest national instinct. 

It Hesitated for a Year and Then Decided To Wage "Psychological Warfare" 

What is more important is that, faced with the established fact of Hong Kong's 
" '97 ™ reversion, the "government" considered that its own (Taipei's and 
Taipei's in Hong Kong) interests were a very urgent matter. With regar¢c to 
its organizations in Hong Kong, Taipei initially considered "withdrawing" 
them. For example, a certain airline company threatened to stop flying the 
Hong Kong-Taiwan route. However, from a purely commercial viewpoint, 
"withdrawal" would suit the books of commercial adversaries in various 
quarters. Other people would fill the gap and would most welcome such a move. 

The case of other economic businesses was the same. Also, "withirawal" would 
isolate itself even more. 

If it didn't withdraw could it cause "disruption"? According to what was 
disclosed by a figure with very close ties to the Taipei upper stratum, Taipei 
did consider a plan for causing "disruption" but decided the risks were too 
great. "Disruption" not only would offend the Chinese communists and Britain 
and Hong Kong, but also would anger the several million Hong Kong people. If 
it were not handled well, Taipei would lose all its capital there. 


High-ranking officials of the "government" and experts in various fields 
pondered the question over and over. After several meetings and discussions, 
finally, in the middle part of December 1985, the "Land Work Association" of 
the central party headquarters in Taipei formulated a specific plan, which 
would be an important aspect of the Taipei authorities' work on Hong Kong 
(including the mainland). The heart of this plan was to wage "psychological 
warfare." Taipei weighed the advantages and disadvantages of "withdrawing," 
"causing disruption," and "staying," and came to the conclusion that "staying" 
and “sinking roots as much as possible" would be best. At the same time, it 
could use Hong Kong as a base for the active infiltration of the mainland. 

Hong Kong is a place that has quick access to information and that has full 
freedom of speech. Therefore, it provides Taipei with conveniences for its 
"psychological warfare." According to the boast of a figure loyal to Taipei, 
there are now about 2,000 pro-Taiwan nongovernmental organizations in Hong 
Kong. If the number of governmental organizations is added, the number is 
bigger. Among them there is naturally no lack of "written propaganda warfare" 
and "pschological warfare" organizations. Moreover, the main points of this 
latent "psychological warfare" plan of the "Land Work Association" were 
formulated with the new situation on the mainland, Hong Kong, Macao, and 
Taiwan in mind. 

According to what has been disclosed by a well-informed figure living in 
Taipei, information which has been confirmed by an old friend who saw _ the 
documents with his own eyes as well as by other new sources, this 
"psychological warfare" plan really exists and its main parts are being 

There are three main parts of the "psychological warfare" activities. 
Incite Factionalism and Sedulously Create Contradictions 

The theme of the first part is the "expansion of factional struggle." At 
first glance this does not seem to be anything new. Looking back on the CPC 
congress in September last year, after there was a major readjustment in the 
CPC's core and in the central leading stratum, there were various analyses and 
comments at home and abroad, among them carefully "fabricated goods" by 
psychological warfare experts in Taipei. For example, Ye Jianying withdrew 
from his post as member of the Standing Committee of the CPC Central Committee 
Politboro, and his vacancy has not yet been filled. Taipei concluded that 
"Chen Yun [7115 0061] made difficulties and prevented Deng Xiaoping's choice 
Hu Qili [5170 0796 4539] from filling the vacancy." Two or three months after 
the event, this "psychological warfare" switched its approach in propaganda by 
saying that after Ye withdrew "Deng Xiaoping made difficulties and prevented 
Peng Zhen [1756 4176] from filling the vacancy." The purpose of this switch 
was very obvious, namely, to create the impression that Deng Xiaoping used his 
power everywhere "to oppose Chen Yun and Peng Zhen." It portrayed the CPC 
core as forming two factions--the Deng, Hu [Yaobang], and Zhao [Ziyang] 
faction and the Chen [Yun], Peng [Zhen], and Li [Xiannian] faction-- that were 
frequently engaged in fierce factional strife. 


Toward the lower- and middle-level cadres, it took pains to propagate the idea 
that Chen Yun's "line" had the special quality of the Communist Party and 
communism and that Chen Yun should be supported; on the other hand, it 
propagated the idea that Deng Xiaoping was not practicing socialism and was 
blindly adopting capitalism, and that after his death he would suffer the 
misfortune of a dead enemy tyrant whose body is whipped in order to give vent 
to one's hatred, and thus and so! 

The "Land Work Association's" psychological warfare experts had the idea that 
after the contradictions between Deng and Peng (Zhen) intensified, the two 
factions would be impelled to lay their cards on the table at the Sixth 
Plenary Session of the Central Committee. 

Obviously, this mein part had points that differed from the previous 
psychological warfare tactics. 

Incite the Leadership and the Rank and File of the Armed Forces To Oppose Deng 

A major reform of the Chinese communists' military system of organization 
occurred in the first half of 1985. The most crucial reform and readjustment 
was settled at an enlarged meeting of the Military Commission of the CPC 
Central Committee held from the last part of May to 6 June: reduce the armed 
forces by a million men, merge 11 big military regions into 7 big military 
regions, and replace and make younger in average age the greater part of the 
senior officers in each big military region. That this major readjustment was 
carried out smoothly and gently was the fairly universal view of the comment 
abroad during June and July. Taipei was quite disappointed that no 
disruption was caused by this readjustment made by the Chinese communists. 
After several months of calm, some "media" in Hong Kong suddenly in succession 
carried many long articles full of voluble talk about "contradictions between 
the army and the party" and about the obstructions within the armed forces 
that the Deng faction had encountered. What was a pity was that’ these 
commentaries were given the cold shoulder by Hong Kong media circies. 

However, if people understood the second main part of the "psychological 
warfare" plan they would know that the abovementioned reports were 
disseminated in accordance with the "psychological warfare" plan and that they 
"had a basis" in it. 

This part was designed around the "sharpening of the army's opposition to 
Deng." The specific practices were: 1. In the name of the high-ranking 
cadres on the mainland, it pointed out that "the Liberation Army is the pillar 
of the dictatorship of the proletariat" (a common saying of the Chinese 
communists). It said that, by forcing a batch of old communist army cadres 
out of the Politboro, Deng Xiaoping had weakened the place and influence of 
the armed forces in the CPC (leadership stratum), and that the old high- 
ranking cadres of the communist ermy should struggle to safeguard their 
original places and power. 2. It advocated that low- and middle-level cadres 
give their full attention to "the Liberation Army playing its role of a ‘great 
wall of steel' defending the power of the CPC" (also a phrase habitually used 
by the Chinese communists). Therefore, Deng Xiaoping's elbowing out of 
communist army cadres was causing the "great wall" to self-destruct and was 


weakening the position of the communist army. By this means it would sharpen 
the contradiction between the army and the party. 3. In the name of the 
younger communist army cadres, it pointed out that the CPC's Politburo, 
Central Committee, Central Advisory Commission, and Central Dis>»ipline 
Inspection Commission had all been readjusted, and that only the "Military 
Commission of the CPC Central Committee" was still dominated by the old 
communist army cadres and had not yet been readjusted. By this means it 
would intensify the dissatisfaction of the "young and vigorous" faction" in 
the armed forces with the Deng faction. 

Making Use of Students Studying Abroad To Oppose "Four Upholds" 

In the past several years, the mainland has sent tens of thousands of students 
and intellectuals to study and engage in advanced studies in Europe and 
America. There are many of them who left the mainland at their own expense to 
Study. On the advice of the "psychological warfare" experts in Taipei, they 
presented a good object for effecting anticommunist influences. Based on what 
was disclosed by reliable sources, the third main part of the “psychological 
warfare" activities is to work on the students studying abroad and the 

There are two specific points in doing this: 1. Using students studying 
abroad as a pretext, it criticizes the Chinese communists' "reform and open 
door" policies for "only introducing advanced technologies and ‘economic 
management' experiences, but not introducing advanced democratic ideas and 
systems." Therefore, it says, the reforms are not done well, and the "four 
modernizations" will not be successful. 2. In the name of intellectuals, it 
criticizes the "four upholds" as restricting the reform of the economic system 
and hampering the raising of the standard of living, and calls on Deng 
Xiaoping to abandon the "four upholds" and become a "thoroughgoing reformer." 

The core of this part is to create the impression that "intellectuals are the 
big enemy of the Communist Party," and thus sharpen the "contradictions 
between the intellectuals and the party." If they understand this main part, 
people should not feel too surprised when they read the "strongly 
anticommunist" press of the recent 2 or 3 months. Things that were 
unimaginable in the past have now become possible. An ordinary student 
studying abroad and an intellectual who has come out of the mainland (there is 
a necessary condition, namely, that he have a certain news value, but one must 
not make excessive demands that he be a famous scholar or of any particular 
"speciality") need not necessarily make "anticommunist" statements. Provided 
he provides fairly incisive materials critical of the Chinese communists on 
the mainland, they will be propagated with the speed of modernized news 
coverage. It may be said that this is also a respect in which the 
"government's" psychological warfare tactics take on a little new meaning. 

What is worth writing about again is that, after a long time of weighing 
whether to "leave" or "stay," the higher-ups finally decided all of the 
"government's" organizations in Hong Kong should "hold fast to their posts" 
and not "withdraw," at least not "leaving" before "'97." This is because if 
they were to "withdraw" to Taiwan, the economic and political losses would not 
be small. As for going to "excesses," besides offending the Hong Kong and 


British authorities, naturally they would not be tolerated by the Chinese 
communists. "Excesses" could facilitate the authorities concerned making a 
clean sweep of Hong Kong. Wouldn't this be a case of "the hen has flown away 
and the eggs in the coop are broken"--all is lost? Therefore, Taipei's 
general strategy is: actively participate, quietly infiltrate, maintain 
strength, and make a wide circle of friends. 

According to the latest news from Taipei, the "government" authorities in 
charge of "written propaganda" are quite pleased with certain practices of the 
news dissemination media. They think that these media have made use of the 
convenient conditions that, since the Chinese communists began their open-door 
policy, there are fairly many materials exposing the defects and dark side of 
things on the mainland, to repackage them, give the names of real persons, 
analyze and synthesize them, mix the true with the false, carry special pages 
and special columns, and carry stories for long periods of time, in order to 
attract readers. In the view of "written propaganda" authorities, to follow 
the example of the "media" under the banner of praising them seems somewhat 
better than the past practice of cudgeling the brains to fabricate stories. 

Summing up what was said above, people can see that, in the Taipei 
authorities' strategic plan for Hong Kong, there are some changes that make it 
different from the past plan. The skirmish battle in the "psychological war" 
planned by the "government" has already begun. In Hong Kong, this small 
"paradise of freedom," Taipei, for the foreseeable future, will give priority 
to “verbal struggle." The possibility of "armed struggle" is very small. 
This policy seems to have been already determined. 

How the Beijing side will answer Taipei's tactics of waging "psychological 
warfare" and "verbal struggle" against Hong Kong, and what kind of "new 
tricks" Taipei will use, presumably will draw the strong interest of 

CSO: 4005/672 


0W040413 Taipei Domestic Service in Mandarin 2300 GMI 1 May 86 

/Text/ The Ministry of National Defense has announced that between 1 June and 

3. December this year a measure will be taken to discharge active-duty servicemen 
in regular military service 2 months earlier than originally scheduled in order 
to facilitate timely induction of new draftees. Because some of the new draftees 
have not been inducted timely this year, the Ministry of National Defense will 
adopt a measure, in accordance with Art 18 of the Military Service Law, to 
discharge active servicemen in the regular military service sooner so that 

spaces will be created for new draftees. The plan has been approved by the 
Executive Yuan. 

The Ministry of National Defense says: All servicemen in regular compulsory 
military service in the three armed forces, including those who have been pro- 
moted to noncommissioned officer and college graduates performing regular 
military service, will be discharged 2 months earlier than their original 
discharge date if the originaly discharged date falls between 1 June and 

31 December this year. The earlier discharge is not applicable to noncommissioned 
officers in voluntary military service. The earlier discharges will end and 
normal service length be restored on 1 January 1987. 

Hearsay has it that all enlisted men and noncommissioned officers in regular 
military service will be discharged 2 or 3 months ahead of their original 
discharge date because of sufficient source of replacement: According to the 
Ministry of National Defense this is not true. 

CSO: 4005/661 



Committee Members Feted 
HK280911 Xian Shaanxi Provincial Service in Mandarin 0030 GMT 28 Apr 86 

/Text/ On the evening of 27 April, provincial CPC Committee Secretary Bai 
Jinian met and feted some Hong Kong members of the Hong Kong Special Admin- 
istrative Region Basic Law Drafting Committee at the Shaanxi guesthouse. 

During the meeting, Bai Jinian mainly briefed the Hong Kong members on the 
gratifying changes on the province's industrial and agricultural fronts since 
the 3d Plenary Session of the llth CPC Central Committee and urban economic 
structural reform in the province. The members of the Hong Kong Special 
Administration Region Basic Law Drafting Committee raised some valuable sugges- 
tions on developing economic construction in Shaanxi. 

Li Hou, deputy director of the Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office under the 
State Council and secretary general of the Hong Kong Special Administrative 
Region Basic Law Drafting Committee, and Zhang Bin, provincial vice governor, 
attended the banquet. 

The visiting delegation, consisting of some Hong Kong members of the Hong Kong 
Special Administrative Region Basic Law Drafting Committee, arrived in Xian 

on the evening of 26 April. Yesterday, the members visited the museum of the 
Qinshihuang emperor's tomb warrior figures and other places of historic interest 
and scenic beauty. 

Li Hou on Drafting of Basic Law 
HKO51426 Hong Kong LIAOWANG Overseas Edition in Chinese No 17, 28 Apr 86 pp 21-22 

/Report by LIAOWANG reporter Liu Hao /0491 3185/: "Secretary Generai Li Hou 
on Work to Draft Hong Kong Basic Law"/ 

/Text / On 22 April, the 5-day-long second plenary session of the Hong Kong 
Basic Law Drafting Committee concluded in the Great Hall of the People in 
Beijing. Li Hou, the secretary general of the Hong Kong Basic Law Drafting 
Committee, briefed the reporters on the session. 


Li Hou said that this session had three topics for discussion. The central 
topic was to discuss the adoption of the draft of the structure of basic law; 
and other two topics were to discuss the adoption of the regulation governing 
the work of the Basic Law Drafting Committee and the establishment of special 
basic law drafting groups. Through the 5 days of hard work, the session adopted 
the "structure of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 
of the People's Republic of China (Draft)," the "Regulations Governing the 

Work of the Basic Law Drafting Committee for the Hong Kong Special Administa- 
tive Region of the People's Republic of China," and the "Decision Regarding 

the Establishment of Special Groups of the Basic Law Drafting Committee for 

the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China." 

The Meeting Was Held in a Very Democratic Atmosphere 

Li Hou said that throughout the whole session, all the members were in high 
spirit and spoke out freely whether in group discussions «r in speeches 

delivered at the plenary session. A Hong Kong member said that the meeting 

was held in a very good atmosphere in which he did not feel different from 

the meetings called in Hong Kong and that everyone spoke openly, thus greatly 
enhancing his confidence in doing a good job in the drafting. Some Hong Kong 
members even particularly mentioned that in group discussions, participants 

took the floor one after another without the slightest hesitancy as well as 
modestly listened to others’ opinions. Such an atmosphere made one feel pleasant, 

Li Hou said that in order to fully bring into play democracy and let members 
have more chances to speak, the secretariat also made corresponding adjustments 
in the arrangement of the agenda and schedule of the session. Learning that 
Hong Kong members wished to have chances to make speeches in addition to group 
discussions, we gave them chances to speak at the plenary session. Discovering 
that half a day devoted to session speeches was not sufficient, we added 
another half a day. With a view to strengthening the exchange of group dis- 
cussions, personnel of the secretariat worked until midnight every day, or 

even overnight. Generally, they could print out the bulletin on the discussions 
held in the morning every day in the afternoon for members to read and the 
bulletin on the discussion held in the afternoon every day early the next 
morning. The secretariat was highly spoken of by members for its work efficiency. 

During the session, members discussed and studied the draft of the structure 
of basic law for discussion clause by clause, sentence by sentence, and word 
by word and put forward many constructive opinions and suggestions. In the 
light of the policies expounded by the Chinese Government in the "Sino-British 
Joint Declaration on the Question of Hong Kong" and the relevant annexes and 
on the basis of fully accepting the suggestions raised by members, the secre- 
tariat revised the draft of the structure of basic law for discussion on 
several occasions and made changes in over 60 places. In brief, in the light 
of the principle of comprehensively and correctly reflecting the principle of 
"one country, two systems" and the spirit of very well integrating "one country" 
with "two systems," members cooperated harmoniously with each other and laid a 
sound basis for the work of special groups in the future. 


The Birth of the Draft of the Structure of Basic Law 

Regarding the birth of the draft of the structu:e of basic law for discussion, 
Li Hou said that in order to prepare an outline of the structure to be studied 
and discussed by members during the second session, members responsible for 
the drafting work in Hong Kong and the interior as well as the secretariat 

did a lot of work. Entrusted by the first session of the drafting committee, 
the 25 members in Hong Kong responsible for the drafting work initiated and 
set up a consultative committee. The consultative committee compiled the 
opinions of all circles in Hong Kong on ihe structure of basic law into six 
batches of materials and sent them to the secretariat. Last Dec«mber, director 
Ji Pengfei and I as well as some of the personnel of the secretariat went to 
Hong Kong to make an on-the-spot investigation. Afterwards, Lu Ping, deputy 
secretary general of the Basic Law Drafting Committee, led another work group 
to Hong Kong to conduct a l-morth-long investigation and extensively listen to 
the opinions of people of all circles in Hong Kong. Besides, the secretariat 
collected a large amount of opinions from newspapers and magazines in Hong 
Kong. On this basis, the secretariat synthesized the opinions of all circles, 
in particular the opinions of people of all circles in Hong Kong, and drew up 
this draft of the structure of basic law for discussion. 

Li Hou said that while working out the draft, we took the following three 
aspects into full consideration: First, to as much as possible comprehensively 
and correctly reflect the Chinese Government's fundamental principies and poli- 
cies on Hong Kong, or in other words to as much as possible satisfactorily 
reflect the concept of "one country, two systems." Second, to as much as 
possible extensively adopt the opinions of people of all circles in Hong Kong, 
so as to make it tally with the actual situation in Hong Kong. The main basis 
for working out tiiis draft for discussion are the six batches of materials 
presented by the Hong Kong basic law consultative committee and the opinions 

of personages of all circles in Hong Kong collected by the work group led by 
Deputy Secretary General Lu Ping. Generally, members in Hong Kong express 
satisfaction with the draft and believe that it is not concocted out of thin 
air by the secretariat. Third, we strived to find a literary form readily 
acceptable to the people in Hong Kong. As we had noticed that people in Hong 
Kong are very satisfied with the literary form of the "Sino-British Joint 
Declaration," as well as its Annex I, we made the literary form of the draft 
for discussion generally similar to the layout of the "Sino-British Joint 
Declaration" as well as its Annex I. If you asked about the features of the 
draft for discussion, the above three points can all be regarded as its features. 

Li Hou said that as we had extensively solicited the opinions of people of all 
circles in Hong Kong and experts in the interior, we were very confident in 
drawing up a draft structure that would be satisfactory to every circle. We 
expected this draft for discussion to be basically in conformity with the 
opinion of the people in Hong Kong. The result of discussions held during 

this session shows that this draft for discussion is relatively good. Many 
members in Hong Kong believe that this draft for discussion is better than what 
they expected. 


Speaking about the revision of the draft of the structure of basic law, Li 

Hou said that our enacting a basic law for the Jong Kong special Administrative 
Region of the People's Republic of China is to stipulate our country's funda- 
mental principles and policies towards Hong Kony, in the form of law in the light 
of the guiding principle of “one country, two systems." Therefore, it is com- 
pletely natural and normal that there are various different or even opposite 
views on such an important and complicated thing with no ready-made experiences 
from which to draw lessons as drafting the basic law. It is very inspiring 

that during the session all the members shared a common wish and strived for a 
common goal to draft a basic law for the Hong Kong special Administrative Region 
that will be statisfactory to the people of the whole country, including the 
people in Hong Kong. Therefore, regardless of differences of opinion, all the 
members were sincere and sought common ground while reserving differences. 

The numerous revisions and the adoption of the draft of the structure of basic 
law are exactly a specific expression of such a spirit. 

Working Procedure Has Rules To Follow 

Speaking of the working procedure in the drafting of the structure of basic 
law, Li Hou said that on the eve of the second session, there was once a 

small disturbance in Hong Kong "that someone had access to the draft in 
advance." Some people who did not know much about the situation believed that 
this way of doing things by the secretariat was to try to decide everything 

at the higher level but not make an official announcement in advance and then 
perform the formality of voting, with the intention of turning members in 
Hong Kong into "rubber stamps" or "voting machines." During the session, some 
Hong Kong members questioned the validity of this way of doing things. In 
fact, this was a misunderstanding. The dract of the structure of basic Law 
for discussion drawn up by the secretariat only served as an outline for the 
drafting members in session and could be hardly called a final text. If the 
members felt it unacceptable, they were completely entitled to start ane. As 
for that some members pointed out that it was unfair that director and deputy 
directors had access to the draft for discussion earlier than members, in fact 
the drafting had to be conducted according to certain procedures. 

From the beginning, the secretariat proceeded to draw up a draft of the struc- 
ture of basic law for discussion in the light of the spirit of synthesizing 
the opinions of all circles and providing the session with an outline for 
discussion. After the draft for discussion was drawn up, first, it would be 
sent to Director Ji Pengfei and then every other deputy director. After it 

was examined and approved in the meeting of directors, it would be submitted 
to all the members for discussion. Basically, this is the working procedure. 
After discussion, people all believed that this way of doing things is rational. 
Of course, there is also an issue that the working methods in Hong Kong and 
the interior are not quite the same. A member in the interior said that the 
working methods in the interior tend to stress more substance than procedure. 
In order to prevent the unnecessary worry of the people in Hong Kong, in the 
future we should be more considerate about the working methods. Through dis- 
cussions, this session has adopted the regulations governing the work of the 
basic law drafting committee. With these regulations, people should feel 

more relieved. 


Li Hou said that every step forward in the drafting of basic law can bring 
some chances for exchange and mutual understanding. We treasure these chances 
very much. In some people's opinion, sometimes the people in Hong Kong are 
too sensitive. However, in the opinion of the people of Hong Kong, it is 
sensitive instead of being too sensitive. By fully understanding this point 
and the mentality and concept of the people in Hong Kong, strengthening the 
exchange and communications between members in the interior and members in 
Hong Kong in the fucure work and between members and the secretariat and being 
more considerate in the work of the secretariat, we can surely avoid misunder- 
standing and eliminate many unnecessary worries. I think that this will be 
very important in enhancing the confidence of the people in Hong Kong. 

The Draft of Basic Law to be Passed in Early 1988 

Regarding the schedule of the drafting of basic law, Li Hou said that after 

the determination of the draft of the structure of basic law, the work of the 
drafting committee will enter the stage of specific drafting. The period after 
the conclusion of the second session until the end of next year will be mainly 
the time for the special groups to work. In the fourth quarter of this year, 

the third plenary session will be held to listen to the work reports of every 
special group and open up the preliminary discussion. Three more plenary sessions 
will be held next year to discuss each special issue. In 1988, the draft of 
basic law will be passed. 

Regarding the setting up cf the special groups, Li Hou said that the special 
groups were set up by the Basic Law Drafting Committee in the light of needs. 
Their task is to study and investigate relevant special issues and submit 
reports and plans for solution to the plenary sessions of the Basic Law Drafting 
Committee. The division of the special groups was primarily based on the 
chapters of the draft of the structure of basic law. However, in consideration 
of the limited number of members and that it is inappropriate to make each 
chapter a special issue, only five special groups have been set up and some 
similar or related chapters and issues have been incorporated into one single 
group. The schedule for every special group to submit reports and plans con- 
cerning relevant issues is as follows: The two special reports on the 
relationship between the central authorities and the special administrative 
region and the basic rights and obligations of residents must be submitted 
before the fourth session; the special report on the political system must be 
submitted before the fifth plenary session; and the two special reports on 
economy and science and education must be submitted before the sixth plenary 

Li Hou said that we have learned that the people in Hong Kong hope that the 
special issue of the political system will be studied and discussed as early 

as possible. Personally, I think that it is more proper to let this issue be 
discussed at the fifth session. As this issue is relatively complex and people 
have very different opinions, if more time is allowed, it will be more favorable 
to the work of the special group. 

See that the interview is drawing to a close, the reporter seized a chance to 
raise the issue that some Hong Kong members set forth the issue of "surplus 


power" at this session. Regarding this issue, Li Hou aired his personal 
opinions. He said that in a federal country, there is an issue of "surplus 
power" because each prefecture and state hands over some powers to the central 
authorities to be exercised. Our is a unitary country, and the power of 
localities is delegated by the central authorities. My personal understanding 
is that the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region will be empowered by the 
central authorities to enjoy a high degree of autonomy and will be completely 
different from a federal country. 

Finally, Li Hou smilingly said that no long ago some members in the interior 
and Hong Kong maintained that they had nothing to do. After the second session, 
they will have more work to do. By then, we will just fear that they would not 
have the time to do work rather than staying idle. 

CSO: 4005/660 



HK250619 Hong Kong SOUTH CIIINA MORNING POST in English 25 Apr 86 p 1 
[By Terry Cheng and Stanley Leung] 

[Text] China has pledged to offer help in immigration mattcrs when necessary 
to holders of British National (Overseas) [BNO] passports after 1997. 

In memorandums exchanged between Britain and China and released yesterday, 
China said it will, when necessary, state to the governments of third 
countries that holders of BNO passports will be able to return to the Hong 
Kong Special Administrative Region [SAR] after 30 June 1997. China considers 
BNO passports travel documents. Its pledge to hlep should ease fears about 
the acceptability of the passports overseas. 

The memorandums exchanged between the british Embassy in Beijing and the 
Chinese Foreign Affairs Ministry also spoke of new arrangements in connection 
with the introduction of BNO passports. 

The memorandums exchanged in Beijing on 11 April were in fact a confirmation 
of an agreement reached on travel documentation for ilong Kong residents and 
related matters at the third meeting of the Joint Liaison Group last month. 

From 1 July next year, to coincide with the introduction of the new passports 
for those with the status of a British Dependent Territories Citizen, the 
Covernment will issue a new form of permanent identity card to people who have 
the right of abode in Hong Kong which states that its holder has that right. 
Another form of identity card for those without that right will not carry the 

The memorandums said Britain will have an endorsement on the BNO passports 
saying “the holder of this passport has the Hong Kong permanent identity card 
number which states that the holder has the right of abode in Hong Kong.” 

BNO passports bearing this endorsement and issued before 1 July 1997 will 
remain valid until after their expiry date, which in most cases will be after 
30 June 1997. The passports renewed or replaced after 30 June 1997 whose 
holders have the same right of abode in llong Kong will also contain the 


The memorandums said the new identity cards, which will not specify dates of 
renewal, will continue to be used after 30 June 1997 until such time as they 
are replaced by identity cards issued by the Hong Kong SAR government. ‘The 
repalcement of a permanent identity card issued by the SAR government will 
bear the same number as the identity card issued before 1 July 1997. Any 
reference to “Ilong Kong” on permanent identity cards and endorsements in 
travel documents will, on and after 1 July 1997, be taken to mean the lilone 
Kong SAR. 

According to the Principal Assistant Secretary for Security, Mrs Regina Ip, 
3.2 million people will be entitled to BNO passports by July next year, and 
1.74 million will become Certificate of Identity holders, who are wholly or 
partly of Chinese race having resided in Hong Kong for seven years or morc. 
Mrs IP said existing immigration ordinances which have no mention of the right 
of abode have to be amended to cope with the changes. 

CSO: 4005/6%4 END 



fog JI M48