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19 June 1984 

Sub-Saharan Africa Report 




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JPRS-SSA- 84-072 

19 June 1984 


Komati River Water Plan 1 
Fishing Protocol With Sao Tome 2 
Envoy to USSR 2 

Reportage on COPWE Organizational Seminar 
(THE ETHIOPIAN HERALD, 18, 20 May 84) ....cccccvecscceees 3 

Historic Significance 
Mengistu's Directives 

Youths in Party Formation 7 


Long Treason Trial Ends With Death Sentences 
(Baboucar M. Gaye; THE SENEGAMBIA SUN, 30 Apr 84) ...... 8 


People's Militia Training Intensified 
(Breda Atta-Quayson; PEOPLE'S DAILY GRAPHIC, 16 May 84). 9 

Dissatisfaction With Prices and Incomes Board Noted 
(K. A. Serabour-Badu; GHANAIAN TIMES, 10 May 84) ....... 11 

-a- (III - NE & A - 120] 

Muslim Community 'Bickering' Discussed 
(GHANAIAN TIMES, 7, 17 May 84) ..... Se alates oan tea ane eae 

JFM Calls for Unity, Editorial 
GMRC Refuses to Arbitrate 

Decentralization Policy for Grassroot Participation Initiated 
Rs. £ OP DD ibs tcecedesscesasvesebasseeens 

Late March Rains Increase Maize Harvest Estimate 
(THE FINANCIAL GAZETTE, 18 May 84) ....cccccccccccccccscce 

Bread Not Available Despite Large Wheat Imports 
(PEOPLE'S DAILY GRAPHIC, 14, 15 May 84) .......cccccveces 

Flour Kalabule, Editorial 
Accra Bakers Given Ultimatum 

Footdragging on Redeployment Exercise Discussed 
(Editorial; PEOPLE'S DAILY GRAPHIC, 8 May 84) ........... 

GMRC Receives Government Allocations 
Land Politics 
Agona District Land Disputes 
Congested Ports 
EEC Emergency Drought Aid 
EEC Grant for Ghana 
Japanese Rice Donation 
New Togo Border Measures 
Media Ties With USSR 
New Cocoa Price 
Food Production Improves 


Visit of PRC Ambassador Confirms Good Relations 

DEPA Introduces New Rice-Growing Techniques 
(NO PINTCHA, 12 May 84) .cccccccccccsccnsccsccsccsseseces 
DPRK Cement Donation 

Regional Cooperation Valued 





Beira Rails, Harbor Security 
Uzbekistan Party Delegation 
Belgian Railroad Assistance 
Electronics Trading Center Opens 

Thatcher Invitation to Botha ‘Hard To Understand' 

Idiagbon Speaks About Universities, Money Supply 

(Lagos International Service, 29 May 84) 


"Racist' SA Scored, Said To Blame for Conference Failure 
(Dele Kuku; Lagos [nternational Service, 20 May 84) ..... 



Transkei Foreign Minister on Influx Control 


Diplomats Criticized 
Campus Violence Condemned 

Committee on Local Governments 
Justice Minister Defends Decrees 

(SAPA, 23 May 84) Co eee eee ee rere ree eresereeseeeeeeeeeesese 

Work Injuries 
Apprenticeship Statistics 
White People 'Resettled’ 
SADF Can't Join AWB 
Military Service Survey 
Hughes Products’ Factory 
Trans-Kalahari Rail Link 
Volkswag Recruiting Drive 
Duvha Power Station 
Local Content Percentage 
Personal Savings Down 
Drift to Cities 
Black-White Worker Ratio 
AECI Blast System 

Slurry Pipeline 

Toshiba Induction Furnace 
Escom's Giant Trailer 
Cement From Slag 

Coloured, Indian Constituencies 

State Earmarks Sasol Money 

Zimbabwe Shares 

Colored Party Delegates Meet 

= € 









National Livestock Census Planned 

eG Ms Me GD UT 5466-66-45 606006006006 ee6 0b 00800404 54 
Kibo Paper Plant 56 
Mbeya Cement Plant 56 
Tbanda-Karonga Road 57 
Coffee Earnings 57 
Sugar Price Up 58 

Mugabe Views Domestic, Foreign Issues 
(Robert Mugabe; THE HERALD, 21 May 84) .........ceeeeeue 59 

Mugabe Comments on Role of Journalists 
(Harare Domestic Service, 31 May 84) .......eeeercceeees 66 

Mugabe Pledges Support for University 
(Harare Domestic Service, 3 Jun 84) ...cccccccccccccccses 67 

Farmers Union Official Asks Security Inquiry 

Satellite Station May Grow Bigger 

(David Masunda; THE HERALD, 24 May 84) ....seeseeeceeees 69 

Ghanaian Civil Servants 70 

Emigration Figures 70 

Mauritius, Reunion Export Opportunities 70 



KOMATI RIVER WATER PLAN--The Joint Technical Committee of South Africa, Swazi- 
land, and Mozambique has approved in principle a final development plan for 
stabilizing water supplies from the Komati River. The Department of Environ- 
mental Affairs says the plan outlines the building of six dams on the Komati 
and Lomati rivers. During the first phase of the project, two dams will be 
built on the Lomati River, at Maguga in Swaziland and at Driekoppies in South 
Africa. South Africa and Swaziland have been working on plans for the project 
since 1980. Mozambique joined the technical committee last year because it 
will also benefit from the development. [Text] [MB301844 Johannesburg Do- 
mestic Service in Afrikaans 1400 GMT 30 May 84] 

CSO: 3400/1054 



FISHING PROTOCOL WITH SAO TOME--Angola and Sao Tome and Principe signed a 
protocol and an agreement of cooperationon fishing following meetings by the 
countries’ joint commission from 19 to 22 May in Sao Tome. The Angola-Sao 
Tome joint commission reviewed current actions of cooperation. Mr Maria do 
Amorim, Sao Tome and Principe foreign minister, and Paulo Teixeira Jorge, 
Angolan foreign minister, presided over the proceedings of the joint commis- 
sion. [Text] [MG240909 Luanda Domestic Service in Portuguese 0500 GMT 

24 May 84] 

ENVOY TO USSR--Jose Cesar Augusto, Angolan ambassador to the Soviet Union, has 
been received in separate audiences by Aleksey Vatchenko, chairman of the 
Supreme Soviet of the Ukraine, and by the chairman of the Council of Ministers 
of that Soviet republic. The Angolan diplomat, who has been making a protocol 
visit to the Ukrainian SSR since 25 May, stressed the fraternal ties of friend- 
ship that exist between the two peoples, pointing out that cooperation between 
Angola and the Ukraine has been developing in the most beneficial manner in 
the interests of the two states. It is worth recalling that Ukrainian enter- 
prises have supplied our country with equipment for cotton production, as well 
as for storing oil, and have founded a center for training specialists in 

the field of energy. [Text] [MBO11610 Luanda Domestic Service in Portuguese 
1200 GMT 1 Jun 84} 

CSO: 3442/392 


Historic Significance 
Addis Ababa THE ETHIOPIAN HERALD in English 18 May 84 pp 1, 5 

[Text] A sminare in which regional COPWE representatives and organizational 
affairs heads, heads of political sections of sector and force commanders or 
equivalent bodies and provincial representatives are participating opened here 
yesterday to lay the groundwork for the establishment of the Workers Party of 

The seminar was opened with a directive by Comrade Mengistu Haile-Mariam, 
Chairman of the PMAC and of COPWE and Commander-in-Chief of the Revolutionary 
Armed Forces. 

Present at the opening of the seminar at the COPWE central committee assembly 
hall were Comrade Fisseha Desta. Assistant Secretary-General of the PMAC and 
COPWE Executive Committee member, Comrade Legesse Asfaw, PMAC Standing 
Committee and COPWE Executive Committee member, and PMAC Standing Committee 
and COPWE Central Committee members. 

Comrade Chairman Mengistu said the major purpose of the seminar is to make 
urgent preparatory moves towards party formation through proper awareness of 
party documents and party founding meetings to be held at various levels. He 
said the seminar is of historic significance in that the nation is on the eve 
of party formation, for which tremendous sacrifice has been made, and when the 
answer is to be provided to the question of organization in Ethiopia. 

Pointing out that the historic impact of the occasion would be gauged by the 
degree to which party rules are observed. Comrade Chairman Mengistu said the 
implementation process of the various programmes must bring the people toge- 
ther. Comrade Chairman Mengistu pointed out that the democratic modes of work 
at party founding meetings should not only be reflected among members and par- 
ty organs but be also reflected in the community. This, he said, is an organ- 
izational obligation. 

He noted that party founding meetings at different levels must be wholly 
guided by democratic centralism and as such should create a historic prece- 
dent. As the outcome of these meetings is decisive to the strength and 

leadership role of our party, Comrade Chairman Mengistu said, participants 
should live up to their task and demonstrate utmost discipline. 

Comrade Chairman Mengistu reviewed the developments in the past ten years in 
the organizational field and particuiarly the progress made since the estab- 
lishment of COPWE four years ago. With the establishment of COPWE, a new 
phase of struggle was opened and an accurate answer was provided to the com- — 
plex problems then faced in the area of organisation, Comrade Chairman Men- 
gistu noted. 

Because unstinted effort was devoted to the challenging task of history, the 
present promising stage was attained, Comrade Chairman Mengistu said. In this 
regard, he pointed out the magnitude of the responsibility ensuring from the 
duty of rallying revolutionaries under one centre and preparing directives in 
accordance with the proclamation establishing COPWE. 

Comrade Chairman Mengistu said that as it was possible to perceive from the 
outset the stage achieved at present, activities were channelled under three 
phases, namely the preparatory phase, the phase of activity and the phase 
ushering in the party. Accordingly, priorities were set, plans and programmes 
were charted out and criteria were drawn to ensure progress towards the de- 
sired objectives, Comrade Chairman Mengistu said. 

After elaborating on the accomplishments scored in the different phases of 
activity, Comrade Chairman Mengistu said that party formation constitutes a 
victory that would be realised after ten years of bitter struggle. It repre- 
sents the beginning of a new chapter in the effort being made towards the con- 
struction of the new society, said Comrade Chairman Mengistu. 

Stressing the importance of the meetings for party formation, Comrade Chairman 
Mengistu said that they are a means for achieving a transition from COPWE to 
the party of the working people of Ethiopia. The accuracy of the outcome of 
these meetings is decisive in ensuring the party's strength and enhancing its 
capability, Comrade Chairman Mengistu noted. 

Earlier, the seminar which is taking place at the assembly hall of COPWE Cen- 
tral Committee was addressed by Comrade Legesse Asfaw who emphasised that 
preparations are well underway to translate into deeds the resolution of the 
Second COPWE Congress and of the Seventh Plenum of the Central Committee of 
COPWE as regards the adoption at the party's first congress, of the party's 
rules and various directives. 

Comrade Legesse recalled the struggle waged to give an answer to the question 
of organization since the upsurge of the Revolution. He stressed that COPWE 
was formed through bitter struggle and immense sacrifices, adding that the 
Workers Party of Ethiopia was about to be formed and that its formation would 
show the strength and invincibility of the Revolution. 

The formation of the party, Comrade Legesse said, would signal the death knell 
of reactionary forces and would herald joy and pride for supporters of the 

The transition of COPWE, through revolutionary struggle, under the leadership 
of Comrade Chairman Mengistu to the Wo:lers Party of Ethiopia contributes sig- 
nificantly to the communist movement as a whole ane not merely to the revo- 
lutionary process in Ethiopia, noted Comrade Legesse, pointing out the 
contributions in terms of experience and the alignment of forces. 

Comrade Legesse further stated that anti-popular elements are frantically 
engaged in the futile effort of arresting the formation of a Marxist-Leninist 
party, the strengthening of the national economy and the building of an in- 
vincible defence force. "However, we are certain that under the determined 
leadership of the Revolutionary Leader and the sacrifices of the working peo- 
ple, the Workers Party of Ethiopia will be formed," Comrade Legesse said. 

This, he said, is because the Revolution is being wholeheartedly supported by 
workers, peasants, the Revolutionary army, revolutionary intellectuals and 
generally by the entire people as well as by countries who have built 

In conclusion, Comrade Legesse invited Comrade Chairman Mengistu to give rev- 
Olutionary directive in connection with the meetings on party formation to be 
held at different levels in order to translate into deeds the rules of the 
Workers Party of Ethiopia. 

In the.morning session of the seminar, a briefing was given to the partici- 
pants on the draft rules of the party as well as its organizational structure 
and operational guidelines by Comrade Legesse, who chairs the committee on 
organizational work and congress preparation in the organizational set up for 
party formation and the 10th anniversary celebration of the Ethiopian 

Explanations were also given to the seminar by Comrade Shewandagne Belete, 
COPWE Central Committee member and member of the committee for organizational 
work and congress preparation on the directives on membership recruitment. 

In the afternoon session, there were similar briefings by Comrade Legesse and 
Comrade Shewandagne on other directives. Comrade Legesse gave explanations on 
procedures concerning party meetings and elections. Comrade Shewandagne 
briefed the seminar on directives related to the activities of the party's 
primary organisations. 

The participants of the seminar later carried out extensive discussions on the 
subjects on which briefings were given. 

The semina’ will continue today. 
Mengistu's Directives 

Addis Ababa THE ETHIOPIAN HERALD in English 20 May 84 pp l, 8 S 
[Excerpt] The three-day seminar organized to make all necessary preparations 
towards party formation through proper understanding of party documents and 
the tack of party founding meetings wound up here yesterday. 

Comrade Mengistu Haile-Mariam, Chairman of the PMAC and of COPWE and Commar- 
der-in-Chief of the Revolutionary Armed Forces, listened to reports of the 
seminar and gave directives after presiding over the final day's discussion. 

Present at the closing session of tne seminar were Comrade Fisseha Desta, 
Assistant Secretary-General of the PMAC and COPWE Executive Committee member, 
Comrade Legesse Asfaw, PMAC Standing Committee and COPWE Executive Committee 
member, and PMAC Standing and COPWE Central Committee members. 

Comrade Chairman Mengistu's didectives focussed on the possibilities of hold- 
ing party founding meetings at all levels as well as the measures that should 
be taken to carry out successfully the workers party ccngress. 

The Comrade Chairman said that the seminar had discussed in detail the efforts 
made to strengthen the implementation of the Ethiopian Revolution and the need 
to work closely with the working people. Comrade Chairman Mengistu said that 
the participants are facing a heavy responsibility to translate into deeds the 
directives and the important ideas they have gained during the seminar. 

Earlier, Comrade Legesse gave a report on the deliberations of the seminar. 
He stressed the emphasis given to the preparation of documents and to sensi- 
tize cadres at different levels for the attainment of the desired objectives. 

Comrade Legesse further noted the significance of the directive of Comrade 
Chairman Mengistu Haile-Mariam at the beginning of the seminar and stated that 
the directive would continue to serve as a guideline for future action. 

In accordance with the programme charted out for the seminar, briefings to the 
participants were given on different topics and democratic discussions on them 
were held extensively, Comrade Legesse said, adding that the constructive 
ideas and proposals forwarded by participants were the outcome of the demo- 
cratic process that has been developed through organizational activities. 

Not only was it possible to arrive at a consensus on documents considered dur- 
ing the course of the seminar but it was also found out that fruitful ideas 
had been gathered that would contribute towards the handling of pressing 
issues as well as to achieve the ultimate objectives, Comrade Legesse said. 

The seminar which was held at the assembly hall of the COPWE Central Commit- 
tee, discussed among others the following topics: maintaining local safety 
and security, implementation of financial and property administration, the 
newly instituted structure and set up of discussion forums, propaganda and 
cultural preparations for the tenth anniversary celebration of the Ethiopian 
Revolution and various directives in connection with the Workers Party of 
Ethiopia including those related to primary organizations and procedures con- 
cerning meetings. 

CSO: 3400/1044 



YOUTHS IN PARTY FORMATION--Executive and control committee members of the Rev- 
Olutionary Ethiopia Youth Association (REYA) in the capital yesterday helg a 
half-day meeting at the Yekatit 66 Political School assembly hall and dis- 
cussed the part they have to play in the preparation for party formation and 
the celebration of the 10th anniversary of the Ethiopian Revolution. Address- 
ing the meeting, Comrade Mekbib Hilete, Chairman of the Addis Ababa REYA, said 
that REYA bodies at different levels have to contribute their share in this 
line in accordance with directives of the Seventh Plenum of the Central Com- 
mittee of COPWE and the report presented by Comrade Mengistu Haile-Mariam, 
Chairman of the PMAC and of COPWE and Commander-in-Chief of the Revolutionary 
Armed Forces. Comrade Mekbib recalled in this connection the guidelines is- 
sued to the youth and the resolution adopted recently by the seventh regular 
meeting of the REYA Central Committee and stressed that special effort should 
be devoted to the implementation of REYA's programme of action. Detailed 
explanations were then given to the meeting by Comrade Zeribun Lemma, head o¢ 
organizational affairs of Addis Ababa REYA, regarding the general meeting 
scheduled to be held by the Addis Ababa REYA on May 20, 1984. Attending 
yesterday's meeting were members and officials of REYA branches of the Addis 
Ababa University, the five provincial REYA branches, REYA offices of 25 higher 
Urban Dwellers Associations (UDA) and REYA control committee members as wel] 
as chairmen of 291 primary REYA associations. Topics discussed at the meeting 
included preparation of youth for party formation, participation in production 
and the National Military Service and the preparatory work for this week's 
Addis Ababa REYA general meeting. [Text] [Addis Ababa THE ETHIOPIAN HERALD in 
English 19 May 84 pp 1, 3] 

CSO: 3400/1044 




Dakar THE SENEGAMBIA SUN in English 30 Apr 84 p 1 

[Article by Baboucar M. Gaye] 

[Text ] 

IN what has become the Gambia’s longest 
running treason trial, 24 men have deen 

convicted and sentenced to death for complicity 
in the abortive coup in The Gambia of 30 July 
1981. Of the 24 men, twelve are fieldforce men 
while the other twelve are-civilians. 

The twenty four convicted men were standing 
trial together with six other men in this ma- 
rathon treason trial which started on 24 No- 
vember 1982 and has just come to an end. Of the 
six other men, five have been acquitted and 
discharged while the remaining accused person, 
sub-Inspector Angsu Sawo, died in hospital du- 
ring the couree of the trial. According to 
informed sources, Ansu had been seriously 
wounded at the time of the rebellion. 

Among those acquitted and discharged are 
three former fieldforces officers and one ci- 
vilian, James Ogoo, a teacher. The fifth man 
acquitted and discharged on all counts because 
of inability to follow the proceedings of the trial 
due to a hearing defect that led to his being 
declared deaf by a medical officer. 

The president judge in this trial was Justice 
Macos Cole and it is expected that his present 
judgement finally brings to an end the treason 
trials resulting from the 30 July abortive coup, 

CSO: 3400/1032 

almost three years after the event. However 
twelve other people are still in detention appa- 

tly in connection with the abortive coup but it 
is certain that even if they are going to be 
tried it will not be for treason for the period for 
such a charge has now lapsed. 

Of the 1091 people detained for alleged 
complicity in the abortive coup 188 were 
charged and taken to court. Out of them, 137 
were convicted and sentenced to various terms 
of imprisonment for offences such as treason, 
treasonable felony, murder and kidnapping. 

Among the 1988 taken to court 50 were 
acquitted and discharged by the courts while 
three died naturally during the course of their 
trials. Of the people charged with treason 63 
were subsequently sentenced to death. But the 
27, people sentenced to death and whose sen- 
tences have been confirmed by the Court of 
Appeal, have had their sentences commuted to 
either life or 20 years imprisonment, as an act of 
mercy on the part of Sir Dawda Jawara. 

According to reliable sources, the Gambia 
Government from early May 1982 to the end of 
February 1984 has spent over 3 and half million 
Dalasis on the remuneration of Judges, prosecu- 
tors and defence counsel. 


Accra PEOPLE'S DAILY GRAPHIC in English 16 May 84 pp 1, 5 
[Article by Breda Atta-Quayson] 

[Excerpts] THE training of the People's Militia has been stepped up to enable 
the militiamen fight alongside regular forces in case of any attack on the 

As a result, 140 militiamen and women drawn from various corporations and de- 
partments from the southern sector of the country are being given a three-day 
intensive field training in conventional warfare. 

The training code named, "Exercise Firm Grip" which started on Monday will end 
tomorrow afternoon. 

The main objective of the intensive training of the militiamen who have 
already undergone three weeks basic military training at the various army 
units is to instil discipline and sense of nationalism in them and also to 
deploy them to supplement regular forces in times of crisis. 

The militiamen are being taken through four phases of war--advance to contact, 
attack, withdrawal and defence. 

They are being assisted by regular troops made up of 20 non-commissioned offi- 
cers and three commissioned officers. 

The militiamen told newsmen who accompanied the Commander of the First Infan- 
try Brigade, Colonel D. L. K. Klutsey who visited them at their training 
grounds yesterday that the training has transformed them and has also given 
them enough confidence to defend the revolution to the last man. 

Colonel Klutsey who was accompanied by the Commanding Officer of the 5th Bat- 
talion, Lt. Col. Stanley Issifua Braima and the Commanding Officer of the Mor- 
tar Regiment, Lt. Col. Lamptey during the visit told the soldiers who are 
assisting the militiamen in their training to teach them all the military tac- 
tics so that they would not fail in times of war. 

He further told the soldiers that the militiamen are not meant to take their 
place but to fight alongside them when the need arises. 

Col. Klutsey also advised the militiamen to be on their guard so that they are 
not enticed by dissidents to join their ranks after their training. 

Colonel Klutsey further told them: "By this training, we want to make you 
more Ghanaian, more nationalistic and to love your country”. 

To the women, Colonel Klutsey asked them to advise their husbands not to allow 
themselves to be wooed by dissidents to join their ranks. 

The participants are from Electricity Corporation of Ghana, Ghana Film Indus- 
try Corporation, Customs and Excise Department, Ghana Ports Authority, Posts 
and Telecommunications Corporation and Civil Aviation Department, Ghana Water 
and Sewerage Corporation, Accra District Defence Committee and Ho. 

They are being taken through the exercise by the regular militarymen from the 
5th Battallion of Infantry. 

According to Captain F. Mensah, officer-in-charge of the training, the mili- 
tia-men who have knowledge of weapon handling are being drilled to cope with 
obstacles like rivers and mountains. 

He said the exercise would enable the trainees to know how to cope with ene- 
mies or dissidents in forest areas. 

CSO: 3400/1042 



Accra GHANAIAN TIMES in English 10 May 84 p 4 
[Article by K. A. Serabour-Badu] 

[Text] ONE area of concern which the country's various governments have tried 
to wage relentless war against its notorious operation within the society with 
little success is the commercial field. In spite of exercises of state 
powers, individuals have still been manouvering to gain some upper hand 
against the laudable efforts. 

All manner of malpractices--from diversion of goods to hoarding; from selling 
above control prices to over-invoicing and under-invoicing and a host of 
others--are rampant everywhere despite repeated warnings and the intensifica- 
tion of activities of security personnel. The least said about dictation by 
traders of prices of their wares, the better. 

It would be mere understatement to say that drivers connive with "bookmen" to 
dominate operations at passenger lorry parks, to arbitrarily increase trans- 
port fares. 

For, all these are in the eyes of the Ghana Private Road Transport Union 
(GPRIU) of TUC but the might of the ‘'bookmen' still rides on. 

A quick glance at things also spots the Prices and Incomes Board (PIB) to be 
in the "despatch box" to help ease existing arguing tension between the trad- 
ing concerns. 


But it appears something seems to be going wrong right there within that chal- 
lenging public board. This is viewed from expression of dissatisfaction and 
frequent calls on it by both private and public institutions to educate the 
masses (especially traders and workers) and to "COME OUT WITH UNIFORM PRICES" 
Or wages. 

At least, the price Control Tribunals and the second-hand tyre dealers (speak- 
ing through the Ashanti Tyre Remoulding Enterprises recently) are a few of the 
peeved organizations which have of late, tackled their home work by reminding 

the Board to sit up. 


The bounden duty falls, primarily, on the PIB to be working out prices of 
available local goods on the market to stui the PNDC's first financial policy 
outdoored by the Finance and Economic Planning Secretary. Regular visits to 
the mummy markets would reveal a lot cf ugly incidents. Controversy over how 
much an item should sell is often created betwen traders and customers on one 
hand and price control personnel on the other due to the absence of release of 
control prices. 

The failure, be it the result of refusal of traders to send their goods to the 
PIB for price assessment or PIB's inability, leads to re-emergence of social 
evil, it often encourages, intentionally or otherwise, as it had been the case 
in the past, the bad nuts among members of the society to involve themselves 
in trade malpractice which the on-going process is seriously fighting to elim- 

Hence, of late, some servicemen and civilians under the guise of checking 
prices of goods have been flooding the markets to do shopping but at the 
expense of innocent traders. 

The daily shopping in the markets by such men who have no official busines to 
perform may, however, pose questions. Majority of uniformed personnel, for 
obvious reasons, wear no identification or name tags as expected of them. 

The rate at which scattered price control officials struggle in their numbers 
among themselves to be first to inspect papers covering arriving goods leaves 
much to be desired. Much more they remain posted to supervize the unloading 
of goods into wholesale shops, perhaps to identify defaulting traders and 
those who have paid customs duty. 

It could, however, be possible, be it as it is now, that even some officials 
and men would use the threat of their uniform and office to capitalize on the 
lapse within the Prices and Incomes Board to aggravate the situation to 
achieve some personal interest. 

The mummy traders, in particular, suffer the more as price checkers fail, to a 
large extent, to direct their swoops on main shops too, some of whom would be 
found equally guilty. 

It is only when public institutions are awakened during these trying moments 
of our time that the masses of the people owuld live to be appreciative of 
government efforts the more. 

The Government's avowed determination to bring about social justice, especial- 

ly in the commercial field no doubt depends, to a large extent, on the PIB's 
ability to let their existence be fully felt. 

CSO: 3400/1043 




JFM Calls for Unity 
Accra GHANAIAN TIMES in English 7 May 84 p 2 
[Editorial: "Muslim Unity"] 

[Text] THE national secretariat of the June Four Movement (JFM) has offered 
to assist in resolving the leadership dispute between the Muslim factions in 
the country. The JFM is concerned over the issue because it feels that peace 
and unity in the Muslim front is vital for the forward advance of the 

There can be no question about the importance of the Muslim community in the 
revolutionary process. For one thing, Muslims make up a big proportion of the 
nation, a large number of them occupying very important regions of the country 
whose welfare is demonstrably of fundamental interest to the revolutionary 

As never before in the history of the nation, Muslims have taken on frontline 
responsibilities for the running of the affairs of the nation, with many of 
them playing top roles in the revolutionary leadership both at the regional 
and national levels. Hundreds of Muslims are among the most committed revo- 
lutionary cadres and are rendering great patriotic services within the organs 
of the revolution. 

From the composition of all the new revolutionary structures that have been 
established, right from the very top of the leadership to the grassroot formu- 
lations, the responsibilities which Muslims have taken on for the onward 
course of the revolutionary process are so truthworthy and engaging that 
peace and unity in the Muslim front has become inseparable from peace and 
unity in the revolutionary front. 


Sometimes we are tempted, when we see the bickering going on in the Muslim com- 
munity, to call on such stalwarts of the revolutionary leadership as Naa 
Polkuu Konkuu Chiiri, Col Seidu Ayumah, Alhaji M. Iddrisu, Alhaji Abubakr 
Alhassan, and others to tell the Muslim leaders: ‘What is all this!" 

For the first time in the history of this nation a Muslim annual celebration 
was declared a NATIONAL holiday for all Muslims by the PNDC. This high recog- 
nition of the national status of the Muslim community can only be considered 
as the beginning of the greater strides which Muslims are bound to make within 
the whole development of the revolution. 

National unity is essential for the success of all the programmes which the 
PNDC has designed for the recovery of the nation from the factors that have 
bogged down her progress for so long. And just as the PNDC expects all sec- 
tors, tribes, communities, regions, and groups of the country to contribute 
equally to recovery tasks, so are all sectors, tribes, communities, regions, 
and groups of the nation considered as equal partners in the share of the 
wealth of the nation. 

Therefore national unity is supported by the unity of all sections within the 
national society, the unity of Muslims being major element in the national 
whole. Thus, the stand being taken by the June Four Movement on the Muslim 
leadership dispute is positive and must be pressed ahead until unity within 
the ranks and leadership of the Muslim community is achieved. 

GMRC Refuses to Arbitrate 
Accra GHANAIAN TIMES in English 17 May 84 p 5 
[Text] THE Ghana Muslims Representative Council (GMRC) has turned down an 
offer by the June Four Movement to arbitrate and find solution to the conflict 
within the Muslim Community, because such an arbitration exercise would be 
tantamount to contempt of court. 
A letter addressed to the June Four Movement explained that the latter Muslim 
Group had been ordered by an Accra High court to suspend all group meetings 

and activities pending its final ruling. 

It sand, "under such a situation it is feared your kind request if accepted at 
present will be tantamount to contempt of court". 

The GMRC thanked the June Four Movement for showing concern and consideration 
on the issue. 

CSO: 3400/1629 



Accra GHANAIAN TIMES in English 7 May 84 pp l, 3 

[Text] THE programme for the creation of village, town and area councils in 
the Ho District took off at Matse last Friday. 

It is the first step towards the implementation of the decentralization policy 
for grassroot participation in the administration of the country. 

Addressing the chiefs and people of Matse on the programme, the Ho District 
Secretary, Mr. Emmanuel Bosson, said the councils should be economically via- 
ble to be less dependant on the central government for development projects. 

The people, he said, were expected to choose their own councillors who should 
be able to initiate and plan development projects, with emphasis on food 

He warned against chieftaincy and land disputes and the practice of land- 
owners demanding a third of farm produce from tenant farmers. 

This system, he noted encouraged laziness among landowners and discouraged the 
farmers from acquiring more land for farming. 

Mr Bosson said a number of committees would be set up in all the council areas 
on food production and storage, mass education, health environmental develop- 
ment and afforestation, finance, traditional arbitration and identification of 
viable projects. 

The others are economic development and commerce social services and adminis- 
tration of justice utility services administration and budgeting and planning 
development and mobilization. 

Describing the councils as the bedrock for the development of the country he 
advised that competent people should be appointed to these committees. 

CSO: 3400/1042 



Harare THE FINANCIAL GAZETTE in English 18 May 84 p 7 

[Text ] 

SOME badly -aeeded good news on 
the maize front is that the late 
March rains have belped tc incre- 
ase the original estimate of a total 
maize intake this season by ano- 
ther 100 000 tonnes. 

Mr R A Winkfield, production 
and extension executive of the 
Grain Producers’ Association, told 
The Gazette this week that the late 
rains had been a bonus for produ- 
cers and the country. 

*“*We are now looking for an 
increase Over Our Original estimate 
of about 600 000 tonnes of maize. 
There is a good chance that the 
total intake could rise to some 
700 000 .tonnes in all, as bushel 
weight and hectare production 
have improved, thanks to the 
rains,’” he said. 

Zimbabwe's total maize consu- 
mption is 1,2 million tonnes and 
rising. Allowing for some 57 500 
tonnes of maize granted by several 
countries recently, this leaves a 
shortage of at least 400 000 tonnes 
needed, if some form of maize 
rationing is to be avoided. 

The local producers will be paid 
$140 per tonne for their crop of 
some 700 000 tonnes. This will cost 
the Grain Marketing Board about 
$98 million. 

But the balance of 400 000 
tonnes to be imported will cost 
between $300 to $350 a tonne in 
local currency, including delivery 
costs, according to informed esti- 
mates. Much of this imported 
maize will be of the yellow variety. 

These estimates are based on 
costs already incurred by Britain, 
America and the European Econo- 
mic Community in sending maize 
donations to the Zimbabwe Gover- 
nment, in order to generate local 
funds to help the country in this 
third drought year. 

Most of these maize donations 

pass through the Grain Marketing 
Board and must be paid for, whe- 
ther by the Department of Social 
Services for drought relief 
schemes. or by millers for commer - 
cial distribution. The present rate 
of payment is believed to be $157 
per tonne plus the value of the 
maize bags. 
But t heprice of imported maize 
through the Grain Marketing 
Board may have to go much higher 
in the near future unless the gover- 
nment subsidises part of ihe extra 
costs involved. 

The American government rece- 
ntly donated 30000 tonnes of 
yellow maize at a total cost of 
about US$10,9 million to 
Zimbabwe and agreed to pay tran- 
sport costs. 

The cost of this maize in Ame- 
rica was US$144 per tonne (about 
$169 Zimbabwe dollars). Delivery 
costs to Durban, the original desti- 
nation, was US$76 a tonne. But 
the ship had to be diverted to Port 
Elizabeth at an extra cost of US$75 
a tonne so that total costs involved 
were US$295 or about Z$347, deli- 
vered in Zimbabwe. 

It is understood that Zimbabwe 
will pay part of the extra costs as a 
penalty clause was involved for the 
re-counting of the maize to Port 
Elizabeth. This is now the only 
port where maize for Zimbabwe 
can be unloaded because the Dur- 
ban and Cape Town ports are 
being reserved fos South Africa’s 
Own maize imports. 

As Port Elizabeth has limited 
bulk loading facilities, its use nece- 
ssitates extra costs. Only 50 000 
tonnes of maize a month can be 
handled at this port and so it all 
has to be bagged and put on rail 
(two trains a day). 




The second maize grant from the 
British Government of 10000 
tonnes af white maize from 
Malawi was bought at US$168 
(about $190) per tonne and trans- 
port costs on trucks via Tete to 
Zimbabwe were about Z$100 a 
tonne, or a total of about Z$290 
per tonne. The full amount invol- 
ved in this grant by the British 
Government is about $3 million in 
local currency. 

A third maize grant was annou- 
need last week by the European 
Economic Commission Commis- 
sion which is sendir.g Zimbabwe 
17 500 tonnes of white maize from 
Malawi as emergency food relief 
intended to generate counterpart 
funds here for drought assistance. 
Again, the cost of the Malawi 
maize was US$168 or Z$190 per 
tonne. Transport costs have not yet 
been finalised but are likely to be 
at least Z$100 per tonne. 

The total involved in this grant is 
about US$3,3 million, said an EEC 
spokesman in Harare this week. 

These maize grants amount to 
$7 $00 tonnes of maize for Zimba- 
bwe, leaving the country with a 
shortfall of about 400 000 tonnes 
to be imported. 

It is believed that some importa- 
tions are likely to come from Thai- 

land. The cost of the maize and 
transport from that country is not 


It is also believed that the Grain 
Marketing Board is to buy another 
40 000 tonnes of white maize now 
on option from Malawi at the 
ruling price of US$168 a tonne plus 
transport costs of at least $100. 

So depending on the sources of 
the imported maize and the trans- 
port routes, the cost per tonne of 
the imported white or yellow maize 
could vary from $300 per tonne up 
to about $350 a tonne in local cur- 

With some 400 000 tonnes invo- 

‘Ived, the fina! bill payable in 

foreign currency is likely to be well 
above the conservative estimate of 
$120 million for imported maize to 
last until April next year. 

It is also certain that the cost of 
buying the maize by consumers in 
Zimbabwe will be far higher than 
the price of locally grown maize, 
unless the government subsidises a 
large part of the cost involved. 




Flour Kalabule 
Accra PEOPLE'S DAILY GRAPHIC in English 14 May 84 p 2 

"Who Else Can We Trust?" 

[Text] EXACTLY a week ago we com- towns people are complaining 

mented on the disappearance of 
bread from shops and elsewhere 
and noted with regret that this 
should be happening at a time 
when large quantities of wheat 
had been imported and supplied 
to the flour mills. 

We stated at that time that there 

were discrepancies between the 

quantities of wheat delivered to 

the flour mills and the quantity 
of flour produced and the quan- 

tity of flour distributed. 

The “Graphic” has learnt that even 

though a bag of flour should sell 
at €795 it is being sold at 
£4,000. What is painful to us on 

this paper is that people who live 
in areas where such transac- 
tions takeplace prefer to look the 

other way while the transactions 

take place only to grumble later 
in undertones. 

So far the “‘Graphic’”’ has publish- 
ed only one case where a woman 
was apprehended at Asylum 
Down in Accra by the Zone Nine 
Secretariat of PDCs upon a tip- 
off. This is absolutely ridiculous 
considering the fact that all over 
the city of Accra, other cities and 

about the scarcity of bread. 
Where do the other kalabule 
middiemen do business? In the 
bowels of the earth? 

In the Asylum Down case the wo- 

man confessed having bought 
the flour from registered bakers. 
And this adds another dimen- 
sion to the other known conduit 
for flour supplies which is work- 

. ers who are bent on profiting 

from their work places. The re- 

gistered baker who should be 

serving the public is now in lea- 
ue with flour speculators. WHO 

Without doubt the working party 

which has been set up under the 

Ministry of Industries to look into 
~ anomalies related to flour has a 

big job on its hands. But we think 
that the party’s work can never. 
really be satisfactorily accom- 
plished without the help of the 

people who see flour unloaded 

under the cover of darkness and 
do not report to the appropriate 
quarters so that the source can 
be traced. 

it Is clear that so far the majority of the 

people are wont to shout liberation and 

not act it. We will like to remind Gha- 
naians that itis the peopie who must be 
the instrument for their own social 

Today it is bread, tomorrow it may be 
cloth and so forth. The cheats are 
creeping back gradually and we urge 
the mass of the people not to stand and 
stare. There is no end to the struggle of 
liberation until society has been trans- 
formed. That is where freedom begirs. 

Accra Bakers Given Ultimatum 
Accra PEOPLE'S DAILY GRAPHIC in English 15 May 84 p 5 

[Text ] THE Secretary for Trade, Mr Ato Ahwoi, has 
threatened to cancel flour allocations for small- 
scale bakers in the Greater Accra Region if bakers 
failed to make bread availabie to the public within a 

Addressing the small-seale bakers at the Trade Fau 
Site in Accra yesterday, the Secretary wondered why 
Greater Accra vith a weekly allocation of 4,000 bags of 
flour could not produce bread tor the public while other 
regions with lesser allocations were baking enough bread 

He said the allocation tor small-scale bakers would be 
mven to bakers who are seen to be baking and not the 
ghost bakers 

Mr Ahwoi cited the Eastern Region, and specitica'ls 
mentioned Nsawam where bread ts always available, even 
though the region's allocation was only 1,500 bags a week 

He warned that i there were ghost bakers in the region, 
they should withdraw from the association before they 
were found out, adding “We believe some of you just 
collect your allocation to re-sell at exorbitant prices to 
other users of flour”. 

Mrs Aanaa Enin, a member ot the PNDC, also warned 
that the government would not hesitate to add flour to 
the list off specified commodities which could not be sold 
on the free market. 

Mrs Enin accused the women of having started the old 
tricks the, were playing and advised them to change tor 
the better. 

She said by their behaviour they were helping to 
destroy the good name of the PNDC Government 

The PNIDC member announced that Mataheko zone 
ly of the Bakers Association would no longer be given its 
allocation of flour until members settle the quarrel 
among them 

CSO: 3400/1029 




Accra PEOPLE'S DAILY GRAPHIC in English 8 May 84 p 2 

[Editorial: "“Redeployment Revisited"] 

Excerpts] AT the end of April, the deadline 
given by the Manpower Utilisa- 
tion Committee for the sut ‘is- 
sion of appraisal reports by civil 
and public institutions, only 20 
such establishments had 
submitted their reports. 

Now a week into May. 65 more 
appraisal reports have reached 
the committee. We will concede 
that there are genuine problems 
which are making the comple- 
tion and submission of some of 
the reports difficult. 

However, we also believe that 
much bickering and unneces- 
sary intra-departmental argu- 
ments as to who should be re- 
deployed or not are the inain 
causes for some of the delays. 

power Utilisation Committee has 

itis often said that Ghanaians have 

the habit of praising a new 
scheme at the mere mention of it 
only to turn round the next mi- 
nute to condemn it. When the 
idea for redeployment of redun- 
dant labour was first mooted it 
was re-echoed on every political 
platform in every nook and 
cranny. Now that the time has 

. come to implement it the same 

people who lauded the idea are 
now balking and making its im- 
plementation difficult. 

ft is also clear that for fear of being called 

names, and maybe losing friends, 
some of those involved in the reap- 
praisal exercise are stalling and giving 
various excuses why they cannot con- 
tinue with the exercise. 

The “People’s Daily Graphic” We urge those organisations which are 

finds it very difficult to agree that 
lack of stationery should be 
counted as a main reason for 
delaying the submission of the 
appraisal reports in certain ca- 
ses, as a member of the Man- 

CSO: 3400/1043 


delaying their reports to get on with the 
work and submit them without anymore 
delays. We think that it isabout time the 
Manpower Utilisation Committee got 
on the backs of the defaulting organi- 
sations and stirred them in the ribs in 

' order to achieve the ultimate goal. 



GMRC RECEIVES GOVERNMENT ALLOCATIONS--THE Government has allocated large quan- 
tities of food items to the Ghana Muslims Representative Council (GMRC) for 
distribution to Muslims throughout the country, in connection with the impend- 
ing Ramadan festival. The items are 20,000 bags of maize; 10,000 bags of 
rice; 1,500 bags of sugar and 200 cartons of edible oil. The items will be 
fairly distributed to branches of the council in all the ten regions of the 
country, as well as all Islamic organizations within and outside the GMRC. A 
release from the council yesterday requested all regional secretaries of the 
council as well as representatives of all Islamic organization to contact the 
National Co-ordinator Al-hajj Mohammed Alhassan and the national treasurer, 
Alhaji Abdulai Williams, for their allocations for lifting to their various 
regions before the commencement of the Ramadan. [Text] [Accra GHANAIAN TIMES 
in English 12 May 84 p 3] 

LAND POLITICS--THE Ga Rural District Defence Committee has warned chiefs and 
landlords not to play politics with the land to frustrate farmers wishing to 
cultivate the land to produce more food. A statement signed by Mr Kwao 
Sackey, the District Co-ordinator, said the District Secretariat had learned 
of the activities of certain chiefs and landowners who were playing dirty 
politics with the land, a situation which was hindering farming activities in 
the district. It, therefore, warned that until the farming season was over, 
no landlord should retrieve any land from a farmer. Even then, it said, this 
would be after the landlord 'has convinced the secretariat beyond all doubt 
that he would need the land for farming." Meanwhile, the secretariat has ap- 
pealed to all farmers who have problems of such nature to report immediately 
at the district secretariat or any of its five zonal offices for prompt ac- 
tion. [Text] [Accra GHANAIAN TIMES in English 16 May 84 p 8] 

AGONA DISTRICT LAND DISPUTES--THE Agona District Council has given all those 
currently engaged in land disputes in the district up till the end of next 
month to get those disputes settled or forfeit their lands which will be taken 
over by the council and leased out to needy farmers. To make the action ef- 
fective, the council has charged the District Defence Committee to furnish it 
with a list of all lands under dispute. The Agona District Secretary, Mr 
Kwame Forson, gave this warning on Monday when he inspected a piece of land 
currently under dispute at Gomoa Odumase in the Central Region. Mr Forson 
said as a result of many land disputes most of the lands which could be put 
under cultivation to produce more food to feed the nation were now lying idle. 

He stated that the land under dispute was leased to British Petroleum Ghana 
Limited by the chiefs and elders of Agona Asafo. Now part of the 3.2 square 
kilometre land is being claimed by the people of Gomoa Odumase, and this has 
halted farming activity on the land. The District Council has, meanwhile, 
ruled that the British Petroleum should be allowed to continue working on the 
land until the case is heard at the end of the month. [Emelia-Owoo] [Text] © 
[Accra GHANAIAN TIMES in English 16 May 84 p 8] 

CONGESTED PORTS--THE Ghana Shippers’ Council has directed all importers and 
Shippers with goods at the ports to clear them by May 15. This, according to 
a release from the Council yesterday, was to ease the current congestion at 
the sheds and pave the way for easy delivery of expected cargoes. The re- 
lease, said, large quantities of goods imported by the Government as well as 
food aid donated by friendly countries and other agencies were expected at the 
ports between now and the middle of the month. "Unfortunately, the ports are 
seriously choked by cargoes which had not been cleared by importers." The 
Council, the statement said, was reliably informed that all cargoes not 
Cleared from the Port by the middle of the month would be conveyed to ware- 
houses outside the Port and consignees would bear the cost of transportation 
and handling. [Excerpt] [Accra GHANAIAN TIMES in English 8 May 84 p 3] 

EEC EMERGENCY DROUGHT AID-~-THE European Economic Community (EEC) has granted 
Ghana emergency aid worth about ¢48 million for drought victims. In a message 
to the Chairman of the PNDC, Flt-Lt J. J. Rawlings, Mr Edward Pisani, member 
of the Commission of the European communities, said that arrangements for 
implementing the aid which is non-reimbursable would be worked out between 
Ghana Government and the European Commission delegate in Ghana. [Text] [Accra 
GHANAIAN TIMES in English 12 May 84 p 3] 

EEC GRANT FOR GHANA--THE European Economic Community (EEC) is to grant Ghana 
8,000 tons of cereals for free distribution to the people under its emergency 
food aid programme. The grant which will be equivalent to 2,700 tons of rice 
if Ghana opts for rice will arrive in the country soon, Mr D. W. Schmidt, del- 
egate of the Commission of the European Community in Ghana, has disclosed. Mr 
Schmidt was speaking during a working visit he paid to Commodore S. G. Obim- 
peh, Chairman of the National Mobilisation Committee (NMC), at the Trade Fair 
Site in Accra yesterday. He said another consignment of 8,000 tons of rice is 
expected in the country from the EEC by the end of this month and will be sold 
to the people through the GNIC. Proceeds from the sale, Mr Schmidt hinted, 
will be used on projects beneficial to the people of Ghana. The delegate an- 
nounced that under a special emergency aid being offered by the Commission to 
15 drought stricken West African countries, 1.72 million dollars has been al- 
located to Ghana to either purchase seed for cultivation, transportation of 
seed and or transportation of relief food aid. [Debrah Fynn] [Excerpt] [Accra 
PEOPLE'S DAILY GRAPHIC in English 3 May 84 p 5] 

JAPANESE RICE DONATION--THE Government of Japan has donated 6,024 metric 
tonnes of rice to the people of Ghana to alleviate food shortages in the coun- 
try. The rice, worth about ¢28 million and which is being off-loaded at the 
Tema port, was officially handed over to the Ghana Government yesterday by Mr 
Akira Hoshino, Charge d'Affaires of the Japanese Emabassy in Ghana. [Debrah 
Fynn] [Excerpt] [Accra PEOPLE'S DAILY GRAPHIC in English 15 May 84 p 1] 


NEW TOGO BORDER MEASURES--BORDER Guard authorities in the Volta Region have 
introduced new stringent measures to check the illegal movement of people 
across the country's border with Togo. According to the new measures which 
were introduced about two weeks ago, any guardsman who assists anybody to 
cross the border through an unapproved route will face instant dismissal. 
Sources close to the Aflao border station disclosed that anybody who is ar- 
rested for entering the country through an unapproved route will receive 
corporal punishment apart from forfeiting all items found on him or her. A 
border guard official told newsmen at Aflao that the new measures have become 
necessary because of the rate at which people continue to cross the border 
without observing the country's immigration laws. Moreover, he added, Ghana's 
eastern border with Togo remains an important one in view of constant 
dissident activities. He went further to say that the new measures will help 
in correcting allegations being made by some members of the general public 
that guardsmen assist travellers to cross the border after extorting various 
sums of money from them. On the otherhand any one who comes in through an 
unapproved route will be made to go through the normal immigration formalities 
and pay duties on goods brought in where necessary. For those who attempt to 
enter Togo illegally, the official said, all foreign currencies found on such 
people will be confisticated to the state before being allowed to go back to 
wherever they came from. [Stephen Kofi Akordor] [Text] [Accra PEOPLE'S DAILY 
GRAPHIC in English 23 May 84 p 1] 

MEDIA TIES WITH USSR--GHANA and the Soviet Union are to undertake a bilateral 
exchange programme in information and media work. This forms part of a recent 
cultural agreement signed between the two countries. As part of the pro- 
gramme, the Ghana News Agency (GNA) and its Soviet counterpart, the Telegraph- 
ic Agency of the Soviet Union (TASS) would forge a closer co-operation. Pre- 
liminary discussions on the major areas of co-operation were held yesterday 
when the Soviet Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Mr V. M. Semen- 
ov, paid a courtesy call on the Secretary for Information, Miss Joyce Aryee at 
her office in Accra. The areas of co-operation would cover radio and televi- 
sion news and newsreel, cinematography and news agency work. [Joe Bradford 
Nyinah] [Excerpt] [Accra PEOPLE'S DAILY GRAPHIC in English 3 May 84 p 1] 

NEW COCOA PRICE--THE Ghana Cocoa Board yesterday announced new producer prices 
for cocoa, coffee and sheanuts. Under the new arrangements, which come into 
effect from the beginning of the 1984 mid-crop season, a headload of 30 kil- 
grammes of grades 1 and 2 cocoa will now attract a price of ¢900, or £30,000 
per tonne. Coffee will also be bought at £900 per 30 kilogrammes or ¢30,000 
per tonne: During the last season, the board paid ¢600 per headload of 30 
kilogrammes for both commodities. According to a release issued in Accra yes~ 
terday, sheanut will be bought at @1,080 per bag of 62.5 kilograms or ¢17,280 
per metric tonne The old price was ¢720 per bag. The release explained that 
prices for the commodities would be subject to periodic review by the Producer 
Price Review Committee, comprising representatives of the Government, the 
Cocoa Board and farmers. [Text] [Accra GHANAIAN TIMES in English 3 May 84 

pp 1, 3] 

FOOD PRODUCTION IMPROVES--Accra, 1 Jun (AFP)--The return of normal rains after 
two years of drought should enable Ghana to meet its essential food needs this 
year, experts said here. In 1982 and 1983 drought and the unexpected return 
of a million Ghanaians expelled from Nigeria brought the country close of 
famine, especially in the center and north. But relatively abundant rain 

over the past few weeks has improved the situation greatly, and fruit and 
vegetables are plentiful in the markets. Experts of international organisa- 
tions said that the cereal shortage for the country's 13 million people would 
only amount to 50,000 tons in 1984, a fifth of the amount the government re- 
quested in emergency aid at the end of last year. Of this amount, 100,000 
tons is already on its way from donor countries, principally the United 
States, the European Economic Community and Australia, giving the country 

an expected safety margin of 50,000 tons. The rains, while not excessive, 
have saved Ghana from a potentially disastrous situation, experts said. 

Basic crops, including maize, manoic, and cassava, have been planted in abun- 
dance and promise a good harvest, they added. [Text] [ABO010908 Paris AFP 

in English 0849 GMT 1 Jun 84] 

CSO: 3400/1054 



Bissau NO PINTCHA in Portuguese 4 Apr 84 p 5 

[Text] Diplomatic relations between China and Guinea date back 10 years, 
more specifically to 15 March 1974. To commemorate this date, the ambassador 
of the People's Republic of China accredited to our country, Comrade Hu 
Jingrui, held a press conference. 

The points taken up by the Chinese diplomat, particularly where relations in 
the political, economic, scientific, technical and cultural realms between 
our two countries and governments are concerned, clarify the continuing dia- 
logue which has always characterized the friendship between the two peoples 
since the days of our national liberation struggle. 

China was one of the first countries to recognize Guinea-Bissau shortly after 
the proclamation of its existence in the forests of Boe. After it achieved 
total independence, the exchange in the political field increased substan- 
tially. The visit paid to China by President Joao Bernardo Vieira in 1980 
opened up new prospects for the relations between the two countries. In the 
words of Comrade Hu Jingrui, "this contact between the two delegations in- 
creased the understanding between the two states and governments and estab- 
lished the solid foundations for the development of relations between our two 

Speaking of cooperation in the realm of health, Comrade Hu Jingrui promised 
that his country will aid Guinea-Bissau by sending medical equipment to 
“improve health conditions," and he added that "our two governments are 
currently planning to build a new hospital in Canchungo, which will have 100 
beds and will be able to see 300 outpatients daily." 

The Carantaba rice cultivation project was mentioned by the diplomat, who 
regards it as "rather feasible, since it may yield 2 tons per hectare." 

But cooperation between China end Guinea-Bissau is not limited to the fields 
mentioned. It goes much farther. Thus the craft sector has not been 
neglected. Commenting on this, Comrade Hu Jingrui said that the bamboo 
project has already involved the training of tens of young Guinean citizens 
who are now producing numerous articles with the raw materials produced in 

The demand for these products on the domestic market far exceeds the supply. 

New Stadium Construction 

Moreover, the Chinese diplomat nected that a new stadium will be built in 
Bissau with Chinese aid to accommodate 15,000 spectators. It will also have 
modern equipment. 

Later on, Hu Jingrui said that our friendly relations were based on solid 
foundations and he stressed that "this represents the aspirations of the two 
peoples," since they share the same past of suffering and "it is now neces- 
sary to face a common task, which is the building of our two countries." 

CSO: 3442/378 



Bissau NO PINTCHA in Portuguese 12 May 84 pp 4-5 
[Text] Award Recipients 

During the popular gathering marking the harvest celebration organized by the 
DEPA [Agriculture Experimentation and Research Department], awards were dis- 
tributed to farmers who did outstanding work not only in rice production but 
in connmction with other crops, truck garden vegetables among them, as well. 

Center Director Malam Sadjo described them as “the implementers of the advice 
of our technicians, from planting and transplanting in the proper season 
through the other operations. 

"On the other hand," that DEPA official went on to say, "they accepted and 
applied the innovations we introduced, such as transplanting in rows, and the 
use of organic or mineral fertilizers, among other things." 

The awards were presented to the following individuals: first prize, Braima 
Djalo, of Sonaco (Gabu region), who received a donkey cart, and who "was 
first in the application of the new measures introduced, encouraging his 
colleagues in the use of the row transplanting method, which although it 
takes more time, ensures better results." 

Ia Mussa Fati, of Jabicunda (Bafata region), "a member of the bread [bolanha] 
committee and exemplary farmer, always able to find the words to mobilize his 
colleagues thanks to tangible results," winning him the second prize, a plow. 

Binta Embalo, of Contuboel (Bafata), is an “exemplary woman, always to be 
seen in the uniform of the DEPA, active not only in cultivating rice but 
garden crops as well." She received the third prize, a set of gardening 

Ladde Balde, of Candjai (Bafata), in turn, has “contributed to the project 

for 2 years, setting an example in all respects. He even denounced a member 
of the bolanha committee for his settlement [tabanca] who attempted to mis- 
appropriate his colleagues’ funds, thus saving the project. A tireless worker 
in every regard," he won, as the fourth prize, a sowing machine. 

In his speech during the ceremony, Malam Sadjo urged the peasants to exert 
still further effort, stating that the fact that they received awards does 

not mean that they are better workers than the rest, but only that they were 
more dedicated and made a little more effort. 

This event, he said, should even further encourage their comrades so that, as 
happened in other years, they will become worthy of a number of other awards 
which our government, through the Ministry of Rural Development, has been 
presenting to the best peasants, the main workers in the policy of self- 
sufficiency in food. 

DEPA--A Step Toward Self-Sufficiency 

The DEPA represents a step forward in the policy defined by our government to 
achieve self-sufficiency in food, particularly with regard to the production 
of rice, the basis of the diet of the people. 

This concern, often voiced by our leaders (despite the fact that the develop- 
ment strategy, which relies mainly on agriculture on a priority basis, was 
not properly oriented during the early years of independence), is very clear 
in the numerous projects related to agriculture in the various regions of the 
country, and resulting from the support of numerous organizations and friend- 
ly countries. 

The DEPA is an example of this. According to the official in charge of the 
center, Comrade Malam Sadjo, this is clear to all except those who do not 
want to see or who have not crossed the bridge linking Bafata and Contuboel, 
since it is very evident to the eyes of any traveler. There are hundreds of 
hectares of land located on both sides of the road which were yesterday a 
real quagmire in which vehicles bogged down, where today a broad field is 
covered with spreading green, with golden stalks waving in the wind, herald- 
ing a fine harvest and abundance. 

There are the some 49 hectares of bolanhas which the committee visited in 
Sonaco (only one plot, moreover, because of the late hour), where Dr Celestino 
Costa, the health official for the Bafata region, symbolically cut the first 
of the rice, in an atmosphere of celebration provided by the people by means 
of dances to the accompaniment of drums and ‘djidius*, while groups of women 
and girls from Sonaco and the surroundings flooded into the locality to cele- 
brate the beginning of the harvest. 

Other examples are seen in the laboratory, regarded as one of the best on our 
Western coast by the visitors (who included the executive secretary of the 
WARDA [West Africa Rice Development Association], Hyachinte Leroux, during 
the Bissau meeting), and the machinery (including tractors, mechanical plant- 
ers and combines, simple and mechanical sprayers, a harvester and a thresher, 
to mention only the most important). This machinery, according to Comrade 
Malam Sadjo, will make it possible in a period of less than 5 years to mecha- 
nize seed production 100 percent. 

Secrets of Success 

The success of this project is however closely linked with the problem of the 
lack of infrastructures, above all food installations and supplies, which is 


also reflected in the manpower shortage. Even so, the results achieved to 
date by the DEPA justify hopes for a promising future. 

For example, using selected seed (generally of the Ikong Pao short-cycle 
type, although for about 3 months the use of BG 90-2 instead has been under 
study), the project succeeded in distributing 100 tons of improved seed to 
all the regions of country last year, with 25 tons even being left over. 
Payment for the seed is taxed at 10 percent, a level the technicians regard 
as reasonable, given the increase in rice crop yields seen in recent years. 

The results, as we were able to see in the field, are the product of serious 
work and dedication by the technicians anc peasants, who are organized and 
staffed on the level of the bolanha committees, which are responsible for the 
administration of farm credit, the distribution of bolanhas and the mainte- 
nance of motor pumps, in which connection they can always rely on the techni- 
cal aid of the DEPA cadres. 

The gradual mechanization of rice cultivation (despite the priority given the 
use of draft animals, regarded as more practical and cheaper), the use of 
organic fertilizer instead of the more expensive chemical ones (which we dis- 
cuss elsewhere), the rotation system designed to avoid the exhaustion of 
the land, and also the digging of ditches to allow the collection of water 
and to facilitate irrigation--all these are also factors which have weighed 
heavily in the results obtained by the center. 

However, a number of conditions have affected the work of our technicians, 
in particular the irregularity of the rainfall, most needed in the month of 
October when there is often the least of it, as well as the predations of 
insects and birds. The lack of a motor pump for irrigation has forced the 
center to abandon the expansion of the irrigated areas this year, although 
plans for the future call for the building of small dams, which will be able 
to store water and, when there is little rainfall, can be opened to provide 
supplementary irrigation. 

According to Comrade Malam Sadjo, there is financing and three tabancas have 
already been selected for the test experiment, which will begin this year at 
a tabanca located near Contuboel, measuring about 10 hectares. Financing is 
now available and a technician is in the field to work on the project. 
Later, plans call for expanding the area to about 400 hectares, which sug- 
gests a total of something like 1,200 hectares for the two phases. 

Some Innovations Made 

Another DEPA policy is to encourage the peasants to use all of the land, 
unlike the traditional method which involves the use of only about 80 percent 
of it. But, according to Malam Sadjo, with the launching of the project, not 
only the use of selected seeds but also crop cultivation methods, such as the 
use of organic as well as mineral fertilizers, have been introduced. 

"Here in Sonaco," he explained, "we see an innovation which has not yet been 
put to use in the other areas, since there are peasants who are planting in 


rows and on the other hand are using more organic and mineral fertilizer. 
This will alleviate the problem we encountered last year with the shortage of 
mineral fertilizer, which comes a bit dear. The peasants themselves have 
reached the conclusion that by using organic fertilizers, they obtain a 
greater yield than with mineral fertilizer, although there are some who still 
use both types together. But there was one particular case in which a peas- 
ant in a test used only organic fertilizer, and he told us he had achieved 
good results. Therefore," our interlocutor concluded, "these three factors-- 
selected seed, fertilizers and plant health products--will contribute greatly 
to increasing productivity." 

A Bit of History 

The Contuboel project was launched in 1977, with financing from the govern- 
ment of the United States, through its International Agency for Development 
(USAID). It was divided into two phases, involving $250,000 initially and 

$4.5 million in this second phase which will run through 1985. 

At the beginning there was only one tabanca in Contuboel involved, and about 
350 families were included in the project. But after the explanation of the 
goals of the center provided by the technicians, some families withdrew since 
they did not believe in the possibility of successful rice growing in the dry 
season. For, they believed, in the approximately 528 years the Portuguese 
were in Guinea, they never did this and therefore we could not. 

As a result, of the 350 families, only 12 remained, and they began the ex- 
periment with an area of 6 hectares. But, Malam Sadjo told us, the success 
achieved mobilized many people (since formerly, the yield per hectare ranged 
between 400 and 600 kilograms, while on the contrary, the production came to 
4 toms per hectare during the first year of the experiment). 

"Obviously, this was in the dry season, when various factors intervened as is 
known to us all, such as the lack of rainfall last year, for example. But 
between 1977 and 1984 the number of families involved increased from 12 to 
1,700, and the number of tabancas increased to 35 and the area to 750 hectares 
at present, that is on the project level. What is limiting us considerably 

is a problem of motor pumps, preventing us from meeting the constant requests 
from the peasants. As a result we will not attempt this year to expand the 
irrigated area, but will work with small dams which will retain water and 
when there is a rainfall shortage, these dams can be opened to provide sup- 
plementary irrigation." 

Speaking of the mechanization project, this center official said that the 
introduction of these machines will alleviate the manpower shortage problem. 
This is the case with the harvester, which cuts and binds the rice in a 
single operation, leaving only the transportation to man, as well as the 
semimechanical transplanter, which we plan to introduce in a few years, such 
as to minimize the manpower shortage encountered from the soil preparation 
stage to that of harvesting. 

"Therefore," he said, “in order to minimize this shortage, we intend to 
mechanize the multiplication of seed 100 percent, in other words crop raising 

will not be done manually nor with draft animals, but rather using machines, 
while at the same time we are trying to introduce the harvester for the 
gathering of the crop." 

Farm Sector and Health 

During the meeting with the people (at which prizes were awarded to the most 
outstanding farmers, as we described above), both the DEPA technicians and 
the regional official himself spoke of the importance of the project with a 
view to guaranteeing self-sufficiency for our people in food. Malam Sadjo 
said this will represent yet one less burden for our government, without 
which, in the words of Comrade Vasco Salvador Correia, "our party and govern- 
ment will not be able to plan for other achievements." 

Taking advantage of the presence at the ceremony of the regional official and 
Dr Celestino Costa, regional health director, Malam Sadjo warned of the need 
for better aid to the people of Contuboel, "the largest sector in the region, 
where during the preceding farm season, about 60 children died for lack of 
medical aid, which is practically nonexistent here in this sector, where 
pregnant women continue to die in childbirth due to the lack of vehicles for 
transport to hea'th facilities. We cannot ask our people to work without 
guaranteeing them minimal aid, because no one ca work without health." 

Speaking in turn, both Aladje Braima Cisse of Contuboel, a member of the 
bolanha committee; Buba Sauani; Ioba Cande; Djabu Cande; and Ulata Balde (a 
member of the bolanha committee), all of Sonaco, expressed their satisfaction 
with the results achieved in the harvest, which they said has been the best 
of any year, “thanks to the DEPA." It should be noted that Djabu Cande (who 
expressed his happiness with some dance steps to the accompaniment of a drum, 
despite his 60 years) is the owner of the bolanha where the symbolic cutting 
of the rice took place. 

In their speeches, and specifically that of Aladje Braima Sisse, who spoke on 
behalf of the people of Contuboel, and in their statements to our reporter, 
these individuals stressed the need for better health aid to the people "so 
that we can work still harder," as Aladji Cisse put it, as well as prompt and 
timely distribution of working materials and other production factors. 

In response, Comrade Vasco Salvador Correia confirmed regional executive 
support of the DEPA undertakings, since "we cannot in any way plan to under- 
take other things if we do not devote ourselves to agriculture." He said 
that "any individual, if he does not have enough to eat, can hardly think of 
other things," and "in order to think of doing other valuable things, one 
must have a guarantee of food for the family at home." 

The DEPA project, Vasco Salvador Correia said, like that in Caboxanque in 
the southern part of the country, "has really served to demonstrate the great 
capacity and yield for which it was established by the government." This is 
the reason for the thanks expressed by our government to the financing 
bodies, whose representatives were present, and who "were able to see that 
this financing is really being applied in practice to the benefit of our 


This was also the reason for the decision adopted at the meeting of the 
regional executive branch to require any citizen who does not want to work, 
and who is at this decisive moment of preparations for the farm season 
planning to travel to the frontier or to Bissau or another urban center, 

or is setting up tables to sell packets of cigarettes and boxes of matches, 
to return to the rural sector. "These people are not thinking about this 
decisive time in which all of us, men and women, as has been demonstrated 
here in Contuboel, must make an effort to prepare the land where rice, corn, 
cassava, and potatoes can be raised and can later provide food." 

DAPOG--A Profitable Innovation 

Among the innumerable innovations made in the process of raising rice by the 
DEPA, the so-called DAPOG seed bed system, regarded as most feasible and 
practical by those familiar with the subject, without a doubt stands out. It 
is mainly used in Asian countries and is not at all widespread in the Western 
African region of which our country is a part. 

The system (which engineer Carlos Silva (Pepito) says is a great innovation 
by DEPA technician Alfredo) enables the peasants to solve the problem of 
transporting the rice from the seedbeds, generally prepared at home, to the 
bolanha. Thus the rice can be carried even under the arm, provided it is 
properly rolled in the banana leaf or other material used. 

But how is a DAPOG seedbed prepared? This precisely is what Alfredo ("a 
pupil, at the time," Pepito commented ironically) explained to the visitors. 
With the DAPOG system, unlike a normal seed bed, in which the soil is turned 
over in order to plant the seed, the rice seed is put in water for 2 days, 
after which it is planted on a banana leaf or other easily rolled material, 
and placed on a damp base so that it can be watered over a 14-day period. 

After that time, the seedling is ready for transplanting, but this period 
must not be exceeded, because during it, the plant iives exclusively on the 
reserves contained in the seed. It is therefore, in the words of Comrade 
Alfredo, one of the methods which “thanks to the new machinery we plan to 
introduce for leveling, we think we can use with considerable success." 

Encouraging Results With Azolla 

Another innovation made by the technicians is the use of Azolla (an aquatic 

plant commonly known here among us as "sara bafai" which abounds in the Geba 
River) for the fertilization of the soil, based on its atmospheric nitrogen 

fixation capacity. When added to the soil, it allows the plant to use this 

product, thus replacing urea, previously used as a source of nitrogen, which 
costs about 30 pesos per kilogram. 

According to the explanations given by the technicians (who refer to the ex- 
periments made in Senegal), two applications of the product make an increase 
in yield possible without using chemical fertilizer. In other words, it 
attaches to the nitrogen and is placed in the bolanha, and it attaches to 
another layer of Azolla and is buried. This experiment makes it possible to 


save a half of the fertilizer generally used, at no cost to the former, since 
the product multiplies rapidly. For example, if a kilogram of Azolla is 
placed in the ground, 5 days later one has 2 kilograms, because its weight 
multiplies every 5 days. 

Although no concrete results have yet been established for the experiments in 
progress, as to what percentage of what mineral fertilizer can be replaced, 
engineer Pepito has nonetheless said that he is persuaded the process will be 
successful, and great projects have been planned, according to him, in West 
Africa, among other places. 

CSO: 3442/378 




DPRK CEMENT DONATION--At the Ministry of Interior this morning, DPRK Ambas- 
sador Kim In-ho and his colleagues presented 200 tons of cement, a donation 
from the government and the people of the DPRK. Madagascar was represented 
on the occasion by Ampy Portos, the minister of interior and chairman of the 
National Committee for the Relief of the Victims of Disaster. In these con- 
ditions, one recognizes ones true friends, Minister Ampy Portos said when 
receiving the donation from the DPRK people and government. [Text] 
[MBO031218 Madagascar Domestic Service in French 1030 GMT 2 Jun 84] 

CSO: 3419/690 




REGIONAL COOPERATION VALUED--The minister of transport and communications, Mr 
Chimwemwe Hara, has said that Malawi values regional cooperation because it is 
the only way that countries in the Southern Africa subregion can achieve their 
goal toward economic and social development. Mr Chimwemwe Hara was speaking 
last night at Lilongwe Hotel at the reception hosted in honor of delegates to 
the Council of Ministers meeting of the Southern Africa Transport and Communi- 
cations Committee. He said that without an efficient and sound transport and 
communications network in the Southern African Development Coordination Con- 
fereuce [SADCC] region, the countries’ endeavors on economic as well as politi- 
cal independence development might not be possible. Mr Chimwemwe Hara said he 
hoped that SADCC would join hands in seeing to it that all programs and projects 
were successfully completed. Speaking on behalf of other delegates, the 
Mozambican minister of ports, railways, and merchant marine, Mr Alcantara 
Santos, who is the [words indistinct] SADCC Council of Ministers, praised 
Malawi for her active participation in the activities of the (?SADCC). [Text] 
[MB201201 Blantyre Domestic Service in English 0500 GMT 19 May 84] 

CSO: 3400/1003 




BEIRA RAILS, HARBOR SECURITY--Efforts to form a security body to combat rob- 
bery and defend the national economy is underway in the railroad and harbor 
complex of Beira. The above mentioned body should function with the help of 
the workers who already have participated in political and military training 
and will be guided by the provincial command of the people's militia. [Text] 
[MB040548 Maputo Domestic Service in Portuguese 0500 GMT 4 Jun 84] 

UZBEKISTAN PARTY DELEGATION--Yesterday afternoon Jorge Rebelo, member of the 
Political Bureau of the Frelimo Party Central Committee, received the Uzbeki- 
Stan Communist Party Central Committee delegation. During the meeting, Jorge 
Rebelo explained to the visitors the country's present political and economic 
Situation. The Uzbekistan party delegation has already visited Nampula 
Province and familiarized itself with the province's realities. (Abdulayeva 
Rano), head of the visiting delegation, expressed appreciation for the manner 
in which the delegation was received in all areas it toured. [Text] 

[MB010938 Maputo Domestic Service in Portuguese 0800 GMT 1 Jun 84] 

BELGIAN RAILROAD ASSISTANCE--The Beira-Dondo railroad will soon be extended 
following the signing of an agreement between Mozambique and Belgium. The 
Belgian ambassador, who has visited the city of Beira, has said that the proj- 
ect was recently agreed upon in Lusaka, Zambia, between the Mozambican min- 
ister of ports, railways, and merchant marine and the Belgian minister of 
cooperation. Under the terms of the accord, the Belgian Government has agreed 
to send two engineers to Mozambique to assess the possibilities of implement- 
ing the project. [Text] [MB311302 Maputo Domestic Service in Portuguese 

1030 GMT 31 May 84] 

ELECTRONICS TRADING CENTER OPENS--Mozambique's Information Minister Jose Luis 
Cabaco yesterday inaugurated a new electronic training center in Maputo. The 
center is situated in the building which houses the main studies of Radio 
Mozambique and will train electronics technicians from radio, television, 

the national cinema institute, and the village social communication office. 
The center is financed by the Italian Government, and Italian technicians 
will be among the teaching staff when classes begin next month. [Text] 
[MB021204 Maputo in English to Southern Africa 1100 GMT 2 Jun 84] 

Cso: 3400/1055 



AB291440 Lagos International Service in English 0930 GMT 29 May 84 
[Station commentary: "Western Allies and the Delay of Namibia's Independence"] 

[Text] The strong views of African states against racism, as articulated by the 
Organization of African Unity, OAU, is well known to the world. But we cannot 
claim ignorance of the fact that the apartheid policies of the minority settler 
regime in South Africa are repressive and antithetical of the Charter of the 
OAU, as well as negating the Singapore Commonwealth Declaration of 1971. 

Whence Britain as a leading member of the Commonwealth of Nations is at liberty 
to act within the limits of her sovereign powers, it is all right and proper 
that she should fulfill her pledges and honor all the conventions she subscribed 
to. The Commonwealth Declaration, to which Britain is a signatory, affirms the 
belief that international peace and order are essential to security and pros- 
perity of mankind, and therefore supports the UN's efforts to maintain peace, 
and remove causes of tension between nations. The same declaration believes in 
the liberty of the individual, in equal rights for all citizens regardless of 
race, color, creed, or political beliefs, and in their right to participate by 
means of free and democratic political process in framing the society in which 
they live. 

Lest the British Government must have forgotten, the same Singapore Declaration 
recognizes racial prejudice as a dangerous sickness threatening the healthy 
development of the human race, and racial discrimination as an unmitigated evil 
of the society. This particular clause goes on to say that no member of the 
Commonwealth will afford to assist regimes which practice racial discrimination, 
or give assistance which in its judgement directly contributes to the pursuit 
or consolidation of this evil policy. 

From the perspective that Britain has always stood firmly in the way of re- 
dressing the inhuman conditions imposed on the blacks in South Africa by the 
ruling white minority, one could ask whether Britain has not hypocritically 
violated the Commonwealth Declaration of 1971 as well as running down the UN 
Charter on Human Rights. The Commonwealth Association is based on consultation 
and discussion. Since the great number of membership is African, it baffles 

one to understand why the British Government would disregard their sensibilities 
and invite the racist chief priest, Premier Peter Botha, to pay an official 
visit to Britain. 

Prime Minister Thatcher's invitation to Mr Botha is hard to understand at a time 
like this when the whole world agrees that the monstrous policy of racial 
segregation and dehumanization of blacks in South Africa should be stopped. As 
a member of the UN-sponsored group charged with the task of persuading South 
Africa to dismantle the inhuman apartheid system, inviting the racist leader to 
visit the UN assignment and bolsters the spirit of the racists. 

Whatever Britain wants to discuss with South African minority rulers at this 
time should have been done at the level of the five-nation Contact Group set 

up by the United Nations. The British Government's argument that the visit 

will provide a forum to persuade Mr Botha to see reason for the abolition of 
racial segregation is not convincing. If anything, it signifies identification 
of British interest with that of the racists. The truth of the matter is simple. 
Britain wants to rescue South Africa from the coldness of isolation. This is 
further reinforced by the fact that the British rugby team was so enthusiastic 
with the tacit encouragement of the British government to undertake a playing 
tour of South Africa when well-meaning nations have severed sporting links with 
the South African racists. As long as Britain flouts and helps to abort UN 
mandatory sactions against South Africa, and as long as she pays lip-service to 
the Commonwealth Declaration of 1971 as it applies to racial discrimination, 

she cannot escape the accusation that her obsessive flirtation with South Africa 
has a lot to do with safeguarding a multibillion pound sterling investment in 
that country. 

CSO: 3400/1003 



AB280630 Lagos NAN in English 1548 GMT 27 May 84 

[Text] Lagos, 27 May (NAN)--The chief of staff, Supreme Headquarters, Brig 
Tunde Idiagbon, said in Lagos yesterday that the Federal Military Government 

had decided to set up a ministerial committee to study the curricula of the 
universities, and make recommendations which would streamline them with national 

Brig Idiagbon, who was speaking on a Radio Nigeria programme, "Matters of the 
Moment," said that the type of education being offered by the country's 
universities was not entirely relevant to the needs of the country. According 
to him, this was responsible for the high rate of graduate unemployment in a 
situation where numerous vacancies existed in technological fields. 

The chief of staff said that in order to ensure a uniform standard and proper 
management of the country's universities, the government had decided to appoint 
members of the governing council of all the universities as soon as possible. 

He said that the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, in collaboration 
with the National Universities Commission, had been requested to examine the 
role of the federal universities of technology vis-a-vis the conventional ones. 

The chief of staff urged media practitioners to promote made-in-Nigeria goods, 
and to propagate agriculture as a means to revamp the economy. 

The federal government, he said, planned to improve the tourist industry in 
view of the vital role it could play in the country's economic and social 
development. He said that the Ministry of Commerce and Industries had already 
embarked on a programme aimed at revolutionising the tourist industry. 
Successive governments, he noted, had given consideration to the development 

of tourism as a foreign exchange earner as well as an instrument of national 
integration but regretted that organisations established in the past to promote 
tourism had failed to produce the desired results. 

The chief of staff said that the administration was examining all government 
investments, with a view to withdrawing from those activities in which the 
private sector could perform better. In a developing country like Nigeria, 
he said, it was only proper for the government to have controlling shares in 
some industries in view of their strategic nature, adding that the government 
had been deemphasising investment in the public sector. 

Reacting to criticisms of the 1984 budget, Brig Idiagbon said that all the 
measures taken by the administration were aimed at introducing a new spate of 
manufacturing activities in Nigeria. 

The chief of staff attributed the difficulties in obtaining money from the banks 
to the fact that the new currency had not been given the opportunity to flow 
freely. The pressure on cash, he said, was being aggravated by salary payments, 
which coincided with the normal requirements of currency exchange. He dis- 
pelled the rumor that the flow of the currency was being restricted, but pointed 
out that the government was only interested in controlling the money in cir- 

CSO: 3400/1003 



AB201111 Lagos International Service in English 0830 GMT 20 May 84 
[Dele Kuku commentary] 

[Text] Observers who have been current with events in Namibia were not sur- 
prised with the inconclusive outcome of the all-party conference on the terri- 
tory's independence. It is now a known fact that racist South Africa is only 
keen in misleading public opinion to believe that she is interested in dialogue 
as a means of finding solutions to the Namibian imbroglio, whereas her real 
intention is to stall for time to further consolidate her illegal occupation 

of the territory. 

The 3-day conference, which was attended by representatives of SWAPO, South 
Africa and Namibia's internal political parties, was seeking a formula for the 
independence of Namibia which has been ruled by racist South Africa since 1915. 

Despite the lack of progress at the conference, which can be attributed to 
South Africa's obstinacy to maintain her illegal strength on the Namibian 
people, it has been argued that the fact that the talks have taken place at all 
signified a qualified success. As one delegate puts it, it is the beginning 

not the end of the (?quest) for a settlement. Although one is skeptical about 
the racists seriousness for an amicable soulution to the Namibian issue, the 
fact that SWAPO and the racist regime sat together to negotiate is surely a 
great stride in our search for peace in that territory. This is so because for 
a long time now the racists have tagged SWAPO as a terrorist group which she 

has nothing to do with. South Africa has arrogantly ignored the true represen- 
tative of the Namibian people and has been propping up puppet organizations to 
the detriment of peace in that territory. And the present stalemate of the all- 
party conference is no doubt due to these mushroom organizations that are nothing 
but stooges meant to compete with SWAPO on who the legitimate representative of 
the Namibian people is. Surely they are now nothing but clogs in the wheel of 
progress to a peaceful solution solution to the political emancipation of the 
Namibian people. 

Racist South Africa must be reminded that no matter the intrigures she generates 

among the frontline states, SWAPO cannot be stampeded into a meaningless inde- 
pendence settlement which will make all her nationalist struggles a wasted effort. 


The OAU must now play a more active role in the present Namibian constitutional 
conference so as to give SWAPO the necessary psychological and moral courage to 
face the intimidation and cajoling by the racist regime. For with the ephemeral 
diplomatic victory of the racist over the frontline states with their signing 

of nonaggression pacts South Africa is now overconfident of her might and 
supremacy in the region that she will take the compliance of SWAPO to be a 
matter of time. Also the leaders of SWAPO must not allow their haste and anxiety 
for independence to make them compromize their noble goal of genuine freedom for 
the Namibian people. 

This is the time to be more resolute in our determination in seeking true inde- 
pendence for Namibia and defeating the racists in its diplomatic maneuvers. 
Much as the independence of Namibia is paramount in our priority, Africa and 
the people of Namibia cannot afford political freedom tied to a new colonial 
arrangement. It must either be a complete political and economic liberation of 
Namibia or a continuation of the armed struggle. 

Since justice and world public opinion are on the side of SWAPO, the termination 
of the racist rule over Namibia must be pursued with the rugged determination 
no matter how bleak the situation looks at present. The United Nations and all 
peaceloving countries must now put more pressure on South Africa to let Namibia 
be free and give peace a chance in that part of the continent. 

CSO: 3400/1003 



DIPLOMATS CRITICIZED--The abuse of diplomatic immunities by some diplomats who 
are passing sensitive information to Nigerian fugitives is examined by the 
SATELLITE. The paper observes that the timely warning of the chief of staff 

has checked their deplorable activities. The SATELLITE, however, urges the 
federal government to remind such diplomats that Nigeria will no longer tolerate 
any acts that will threaten the country's security. [From the press review] 
[Text] [AB191006 Lagos International Service in English 0830 GMT 19 May 84] 

CAMPUS VIOLENCE CONDEMNED--THE PUNCH endorses the stand of the Bendel state 
government over the deplorable attitude of some Auchi Polytechnic students 
confraternity group, which attacked their colleagues with axes, knives and 
other dangerous cudgels. The paper cites other terrible confraternity groups 

in the country's universities which have created problems in their various 
campuses. THE PUNCH, in conclusion, suggests that the law in its severest 

form must be applied on the (?erring) students to serve as a deterent to others. 
[From the press review] [Text] [AB191044 Lagos International Service in 
English 0830 GMT 19 May 84] 

COMMITTEE ON LOCAL GOVERNMENTS--Lagos, 24 May (NAN)--A 21l-man committee was 
today set up by the Federal Military Government to review the causes of in- 
efficient administration of local government during the past 4 years of the 
defunct civilian administration. A statement by the press secretary to the 
chief of staff, supreme headquarters, Mr Tunde King, said that the committee, 
headed by Alhaji Ibrahim Dasuki, would deliberate on the problems and submit 

its recommendations to the federal and state governments. The committee, 
according to the statement, was part of the efforts by the present administration 
to provide a virile, viable and efficient system of local government administra- 
tion in the country. The committee will be inaugurated on Tuesday at the 
Nigerian Institute of International Affairs, Victoria Island, Lagos. [Text] 
[AB242200 Lagos NAN in English 1648 GMT 24 May 84] 

JUSTICE MINISTER DEFENDS DECREES--The attorney general of the federation and 
minister of justice, Chike Ofodile, says Decree Number 13 and 14 were not prom- 
ulgated to subvert human rights. He stressed that the present military admin- 
istration has great respect for the laws of the land which was why, unlike 
military regimes elsewhere, it does not govern by martial laws. The attorney 
general made these assertions today in Lagos while speaking to newsmen shortly 
after launching the War Against Indiscipline, WAI, of the Ministry of Justice. 

Mr Ofodile said progress was being made in the efforts to bring back home the 
fleeing public officers and politicians. On indiscipline, the minister said 

that inordinate ambition to acquire wealth by all means was one of its main 
causes in the society. Such traits of indiscipline he mentioned include steal- 
ing, robbery, cheating, falsification of accounts, and corruption. Mr Ofodile 
also condemned the erroneous impression that money was everything. He stated 
that the disciplined citizens supress the urged to acquire wealth by dishonorable 
means and appreciated that one could acquire wealth through hard work. 

[Excerpt ] 
[AB260622 Lagos Domestic- Service in English 2100 GMT 25 May 84} 

CSO: 3400/1003 



MB232013 Johannesburg SAPA in English 1807 GMT 23 May 84 

[Text] Umtata, 23 May (SAPA)--It was of vital importance for Transkei's 
political survival and credibility that she declared her unequivocal repudia- 
tion of all influx control measures as an "abominable and inhumane system," 
the minister of foreign affairs said in Umtata today. 

In his policy speech on the foreign affairs vote, Mr Mtutuzeli Lujabe said 
there was a stalemate between Transkei and South Africa on the suggested re- 
patriation of so-called "illegal" Transkeians from the squatter camps in 

the western cape. 

"Whereas white immigrants of European descent are subject to normal immigra- 
tion laws when they enter South Africa, our own citizens are regulated by 
black designated and discriminatory laws. 

Special employment schemes have been initiated in Transkei and funded by 
South Africa, not necessarily geared to the development of the country, but 
to absorb the illegals who South Africa seeks to repatriate to Transkei with 
out consent and cooperation. 

"We cannot, therefore, be made to be seen to be parties to the implementation 
and advocation of such policies where our citizens are harassed, arrested 

and deported under numerous discriminatory laws. In South Africa, the lat- 
ters citizens enjoy diplomatic immunities denied even to the head of the 
government and his ministers of state in Transkei," Mr Lujabe said. 

He said bilateral relations between South Africa and Transkei were governed 
by a number of agreements covering a wide spectrum of activities, all of 
which bore the hallmark of Transkei's client status in relation to South 

CSO: 3400/1054 




WORK INJURIES--A total of 23 305 Black workers were permanently disabled and 
another 1 816 died as a result of injuries sustained at work in 1983, the Min- 
ister of Manpower, Mr Pietie du Plessis, said yesterday in written reply to a 
question from Dr Alex Boraine (PFP Pinelands). Other figures supplied by the 
Minister showed that 1 949 Whites, 218 Asians and 1 602 Coloureds had been 
disabled and that 191, 19 and 160 respectively, had died. The total number of 
industrial accidents in the Republic last year was 311 648; R52 298 451 had 
been paid out by the Workmen's Compensation Fund for these, and 3 688 711 
mandays had been lost. [Text] [Johannesburg THE CITIZEN in English 30 May 84 
p 4] 

APPRENTICESHIP STATISTICS--A TOTAL of 9 876 Whites, 1 455 Coloureds, 507 
Asians and 656 Blackshad their Apprenticeship Contracts registered in various 
trades in South Africa last year, the Minister of Manpower, Mr Pietie du 
Plessis, said yesterday in written reply to a question from Dr Alex Boraine 
(PFP, Pinelands). According to a breakdown of the figures supplied by the 
Minister, the highest numbers of Blacks, 135, 295 and 122, were registered in 
the building, metal and motor trades, respectively. The highest numbers of 
Whites 2 723, 1 529, and 1 470 were registered respectively in the metal, 
mines and motor trades. The South African Transport Services registered 1 906 
Whites as apprentices and only one Coloured, one Asian and two Blacks. [Text] 
{Johannesburg THE CITIZEN in English 30 May 84 p 4] 

WHITE PEOPLE 'RESETTLED'--AN estimated 25 000 White people had been resettled 
around South Africa for consolidation purposes since 1975, the Minister of Co- 
operation and Development, Dr Piet Koornhof, said. In reply to a question by 
Mr Peter Soal (PFP, Johannesburg North) Dr Koornhof said although he did not 
have exact figures for the number of Whites who had been moved so that their 
land could be used for homeland consolidation, the Government had since 1975 
concluded 5 700 "transactions" to facilitate consolidation. He said if one 
took it that about 5 000 families were involved in these transactions, it 
would mean some 25 000 people had moved elsewhere "at their own expense." The 
South African Development Trust had paid the resettled people financial com- 
pensation amounting to R462-million between 1975 and 1983. [Text] [Johannes- 
burg THE CITIZEN in English 31 May 84 p 4] 

SADF CAN'T JOIN AWB--MEMBERS of the South African Defence Force are not al- 
lowed to belong to the Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging, the Minister of Law and 


Order, Mr Louis le Grange, said. Answering a question from Mr Jan Hoon (CP 
Kuruman) on behalf of the Minister of Defence, General Magnus Malan, Mr Le 
Grange denied that the SADF followed a policy which permitted the promotion 
only of officers holding certain political affiliations. Mr A F Fouche (CP 
Witbank) then asked Mr Le Grange what the Government's policy was towards SADF 
members joining the AWB, whose leader, Mr Eugene Terre'Blanche, gave a contro- 
versial salute at the recent inauguration of the Afrikaner Volkswag organisa- 
tion in Pretoria. Mr Le Grange said: “It is the Government's policy that 
members of the Defence Force may not be members of the AWB." [Text] [Johan- 
nesburg THE CITIZEN in English 31 May 84 p 4] 

MILiTARY SERVICE SURVEY--QUESTIONS on service in the SADF, conscription for 
coloured people and Indians, the African National Congress and "just war" are 
included in a survey being conducted by the War and Peace Group. The War and 
Peace Group is part of the Roman Catholic Justice and Peace Commission. Miss 
Debbie Cabion, a member of the War and Peace Group, said the survey would be 
used to gauge the public's feelings on the issues surveyed and to make it 
aware of them. Quesionnaries were distributed in parishes in the Peninsula. 
People replying to the questionnaire were ask to give their views on con- 
scription and whether the government should extend conscription to coloured 
people and Indians if the new constitution was implemented. They were asked 
whether the reason for the "low intensity war" in South Africa was "the com- 
munist onslaught against the country, hostile neighbours, apartheid, an un- 
equal distribution of wealth and resources, or the denial of meaningful polit- 
ical rights for the majority of South Africas". People were asked whether 
they thought the SADF was fighting a "just war'’ in Namibia and against the 
ANC. Miss Cabion said the survey was being co-ordinated by The Ecumenical 
Action Movement (Team). [Text] [Cape Town THE CAPE TIMES in English 21 May 84 

p 7] 

HUGHES PRODUCTS' FACTORY--A WORLD leader in the manufacture of rock drilling 
and cutting tools has opened a R4-million factory in Strijdom Park, Randburg. 
Hughes Products’ factory is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Hughes Tool Co of 
London. It was opened by the Deputy Minister of Industry, Commerce and Tour- 
ism, Awie Venter. The total annual market potential in Southern Africa for 
all types of rock-drilling and cutting tools is estimated at R20-million, and 
Hughes has its eyes on this market. It also plans to export to Europe, Aus- 
tralia, the Far East and Africa. It is moving from a totally importing con- 
cern to one intent on producing 100% locally manufactured rock bits. [Text] 
[Johannesburg INDUSTRIAL WEEK in English 8 May 84 p 1] 

TRANS-KALAHARI RAIL LINK--WINDHOEK--The Trans-Kalahari railway, linking Bots- 
wana to Walvis Bay, has come closer to reality with the arrival in Namibia of 
British engineering teams to investigate the feasibility of the R1,6 billion 
project. The head of one of the teams, Mr Brian Green, of a British fir, 
Henderson Travers Morgan, was quoted in the Windhoek Observer this weekend as 
saying he believed only a sudden slump in the world coal market would prevent 
the rail link from being built. Exploitation of Botswana's vast coal reserves 
would provide the bulk traffic for the planned railway. But, even if the pro- 
ject went ahead as hoped, Mr Green said, he did not expect the first trains to 
move for at least 10 years. The track would involve about 800 km of Kalahari 

desert, stretching from Serowe, in eastern Botswana, to Namibia's eastern Go- 
babis district where there was an existing rail line. Mr Green said the 
Namibian line would need extensive restructuring and the Botswana link was 
likely to take a straighter route, north of Windhoek, t:o Walvis Bay. According 
to the report, Botswana's Ministry of Mining Resources commissioned the feas- 
ibility study. A second study team, assigned by a marine engineering company, 
Posford Pavry and Partners, had arrived in Walvis Bay and had conducted depth 
soundings to the north of the port. The Trans-Kalahari track idea gained im- 
petus several years ago when vast coal reserves were discovered in the Serowe 
district of Botswana. [Text] [Johannesburg THE STAR in English 22 May 84 p 5] 

VOLKSWAG RECRUITING DRIVE--CAPE TOWN--The Afrikaner Volkswag has started a re- 
cruiting drive while right-wingers maintain that attempts to force the move- 
ment to stay out of politics will fail. In an interview from Pretoria today 
the movement's leader, Professcr Carel Boshoff, said the first target of the 
Afrikaner Volkswag was 10 000 family units as members by the time it held its 
first national congress in about October. Mr Jaap Marais, leader of the Her- 
stigte Nasionale Party, one of the prominent supporters of the AV, said today 
that Afrikaner culture and nationalism could not be separated. If the Nation- 
alist criterion of so-called non-participation in politics was used it was im- 
possible to keep the AV from being involved in some way. Through the years 
bodies such as the Broederbond, the FAK and the Rapportryers had been accept- 
able because they had supported the National Party. Although it was going the 
way of the old United Party, which in the end did not enjoy any Afrikaner cul- 
tural support, the National Party still tried to force cultural bodies to sup- 
port it. Speaking at a meeting at Innesdal at the weekend the leader of the 
Conservative Party, Dr. A P Treurnicht, said Professor Boshoff had been a vic- 
tim of liberalism and integration politics. [Text] [Johannesburg THE STAR in 
English 21 May 84 p 1] 

DUVHA POWER STATION--DUVHA power station was officially handed over to Escom 
last week by the main contractors, Steinmuller and GEC. Duvha, in the eastern 
Transvaal, is the second of Escom's new 3 600 MW coal-fired power stations to 
reach full capacity. It was completed on February 22 when the sixth and final 
600MW generating set was commissioned. Work on the power station started in 
1975 and has been completed nine months ahead of schedule. Cost of the power 
Station is some R3bn. The six boilers at Duvha were manufactured by Steinmul- 
ler. GEC supplied the six turbine generator sets. The power station will 
burn some 12-million tons of coal a year from Duvha Colliery, part of the Bar- 
low Rand group. The total mass of each boiler and its supporting structures 
is 23 260 tons. The boilers are suspended to allow for expansion while oper- 
ating. Each boiler is 95,9m high and burns 250 tons of pulverised coal an 
hour at full output. Local content of the boilers is about 80% but Steinmul- 
ler has now developed to the stage where its organisation in SA, employing 
more than 3 300 people, can manufacture all parts locally. Over the past 20 
years Steinmuller has installed steam generating capacity totalling 7 800MW 
and has contracts for another 7 600MW. GEC holds contracts to supply the 
generating sets for the Tutuka and Majuba stations now under construction. 
Each will also generate 3 600 MW. Local content of the turbine generators at 
Duvha was 28% and Tutuka will be little different with local content of 297%. 
However, expansion of GEC's SA operations, including the capacity to 


manufacture generator stators, means that the loca” content of the turbine 
generator sets for Majuba will rise to 40%. [Text] [Johannesbirg RAND DAILY 
MAIL in English 15 May 84 p 8] 

LOCAL CONTENT PERCENTAGE--DURBAN--The Government has no plans to consider 
changes in the local content percentages of cars until next year at the earli- 
est. The Deputy Industry Minister, Mr A A Venter, gave this assurance yester- 
day at the annual congress of the Afrikaanse Handelsinstituut. He said the 
Board of Trade and Industry was investigating possible manufacturing pro- 
grammes for medium and heavy commercial vehicles. Its report was expected in 
1985 and the Government would look into it before considering light vehicles. 
Mr Venter said: "The Government's policy remains to develop the motor indus- 
try to the highest level of local content that is economically viable." 

[Text] [Johannesburg RAND DAILY MAIL in English 23 May 84 p 1] 

PERSONAL SAVINGS DOWN--DURBAN--Personal savings are at their lowest level 
since the Second World War, the senior general manager of Sanlam, Mr Pierre 
Steyn, said yesterday. He told the AHI congress that the problem was high- 
lighted by the fact that the man in the street was now saving an average 3% of 
income, compared to a long-term average of 10%. A major cause of the trend 
was the increasing use of credit. Mr Steyn said both private and public sec- 
tors could act in a number of ways to encourage saving. These included con- 
batting inflation, removing fiscal measures inhibiting savings and cultiva- 
ticn of awareness of the need to save. [Text] [Johannesburg RAND DAILY MAIL 
in English 24 May 84 p 16] 

DRIFT TO CITIES--THE Steady drift of whites from the land to cities is the 
root cause of all the problems of the agricultural sector. The chairman of 
the Afrikaanse Handelsinstituut's co-operative chamber, Mr H B de Witt, told 
the AHI congress in Durban yesterday that, while drought had brought the 
position to a head, it was not at the heart of the problem. "The root cause 
is the drift of whites to the attractions of the cities with their wider op- 
portunities and better salaries."’ In some towns 70% of the gross district in- 
come depended on farming and many small businesses had been forced to close 
for lack of custom. Where businesses had managed to carry on, they had lost 
up to 60% of their turnover. There was no short-term solution. Even with 
good rains the effect on agriculture would be felt for years. Coupled with 
the exodus of whites was the relatively high birth rate of platteland blacks. 
The loss of educated whites was leading to greater black unemployment. Al- 
though rural black consumers were poor, they were an important sector of the 
market. Mr De Witt suggested one solution would be for the Government to ex- 
tend assistance in rural areas. Privileges granted to small, rural industries 
in identified growth points should also be granted to established industries. 
He said many small communities were concerned over the proliferation of bypass 
roads. "It should be noted that many country towns have died because of these 
roads."" [Text] [Johannesburg RAND DAILY MAIL in English 25 May 84 p 9] 

BLACK-WHITE WORKER RATIO--THE ratio of black to white workers in the six major 
work areas is 3-1 and the gap is widening, according to Central Statistical 
Services’ figures issued in Pretoria yesterday. Economists said the figures 
reflected the continually growing dependence of the economy on black workers. 

They also illustrated the continuing increase in the number of unemployed. 
Between November and December the total employed in mining, manufacturing, 
construction, electricity, transport and communications decreased by more than 
10 000 to 2 889 163. The number of whites employed declined by 511, coloureds 
by 631, Asians by 375 and blacks by 8 891. The statistics show that (exclud- 
ing Asians and coloureds) of the total of 1 394 000 people employed in the 
manufacturing industry, 316 300 are white and 743 600 black. Of the construc- 
tion industry's total work force of 410 500, 55 900 are white and 285 300 are 
black. [Text] [Johannesburg RAND DAILY MAIL in English 24 May 84 p 3] 

AECI BLAST SYSTEM--AECI Explosives and Chemicals launched a range of Nonel 
non-electric blasting initiation systems with a demonstration blast at the 
Institute of Quarrying's field day at Coedmore Quarry in Durban and an exhi- 
bition at the Planning and Operation of Open Pit and Strip Mines Conference in 
Pretoria. 'In surface mining, the Nonel systems offer a number of advanta- 
ges,'' said an AECI spokesman. "Chief among these are: less noise, precise 
timing, better fragmentation and the virtual elimination of dust plumes thrown 
into the air by more conventional initiation systems. 'In underground mining, 
the Nonel systems have also proved their worth by allowing precise timing with 
the use of both short period and long period delays. The surface mining 
application comprises two basic systems, the Nonel noiseless trunklines and 
Nonel benchmasters which are simple and easy to connect up and are immune to 
initiation by stray electrical currents, static, impact or flame. The Nonel 
trunklines comprise tough plastic tubing with a light inner coating of reac- 
tive material which, when initiated, transmit a silent shockwave at 2 000 
metres a second to the detonator.'' The spokesman said this may be used as 
total noiseless surface system to form the timing box around the perimeter of 
a blast. [Text] [Johannesburg MINING WEEK in English 2 May 84 p 7] 

SLURRY PIPELINE--PUMPING of residue from Simmergo to the Ergo tailings dam at 
Heidelberg has involved what is believed to be the longest slurry pipeline in 
South Africa. The 312 mm diameter steel pipeline with a negative static head 
of 35 meters will initially transport 170 000 ton a month over about 32 kn, 
(could be increased to 275 000 tons). Problems involved with obtaining servi- 
tude rights and the excessive high pressure which would be generated at the 
worst condition led to the final accepted design comprising two pump stations, 
one at the plant and the other 17 km away. This design resulted in a reduc- 
tion of pipeline pressure under the worst operating conditions. For the ini- 
tial duty three pumps will be in operation at the plant and five at the boost- 
er station. There are at present three Hydroseal C frame 1 700 kPa pumps in 
series at the plant with the last pump driven by a variable speed fluid coup- 
ling. Envirotech has received an order for the supply of 10 Hydroseal C frame 
5 000 kPa units for the booster station, (five operating and five standby). 
Initial design negotiations were started early in January of last year with 
the design being finalised and final quotation submitted by mid-March. Site 
tests were conducted on the present line to evaluate tests conducted by the 
CSIR on the closed loop system. The tests at site were conducted by the Wits 
University and AAC personnel with assistance from Envirotech personnel. 

[Text] [Johannesburg MINING WEEK in English 2 May 84 p 2] 


TOSHIBA INDUCTION FURNACE--A Toshiba induction furnace, the first Japanese 
manufactured furnace to be assembled and installed in South Africa, was conm- 
missioned recently at the Industrial Iron and Steel Works, Benoni. The fur- 
nace was supplied by Forest Engineering, who arranged for representatives of 
the Benoni firm to be invited to Japan to see the equipment and put questions 
to the Toshiba technicians. In return, a deiegation from Toshiba was present 
at the commissioning, including two of the world's leading experts on induc- 
tion furnaces, Mr A Hara and Mr M Tabuchi. Mr John Aubin, manager of Forest's 
Foundry Division, said he believed this first Japanese furnace to come to 
South African soil represented a great step forward for the industry, its 
standards and quality. ''The quality of the Japanese furnaces is higher than I 
have seen previously, which is the reason for my unbridled optimism,'' said Mr 
Aubin. "Our decision to go for the Toshiba agency followed six months of in- 
tensive investigation. When we saw the furnaces under construction in the 
various Toshiba factories in Japan, and the units in the field, we were even 
more impressed by the quality soundness and reliability of the design.'’ The 
850 kW 1 000 HZ induction steel melter for industrial Iron and Steelworks has 
a capacity to produce one ton of steel net every hour, running at a tempera- 
ture of 1 600 degrees. About 65 percent of the company's products are sold as 
small castings for the mining industry. Forest Engineering is a division of 
Steelmetals, a wholly owned subsidiary of Anglovaal. [Text] [Johannesburg 
MINING WEEK in English 2 May 84 p 1] 

ESCOM'S GIANT TRAILER--ITALIAN company, Cometto, in conjunction with their 
South African agent Henred Fruehauf Trailers, have been awarded the contract 
to build the largest unit ever manufactured for use in this country. The 
order was placed by Escom and the unit will be used for the conveyance of 
transformers and other very heavy loads. Known as the "beam trailer trans- 
porter’, this giant will be 80 metres long, 5,3 metres wide and 4 metres high. 
[Artist's drawing on right). It consists of two units of 14 axles each, three 
in line, joined by a 49 metre beam. Each unit will have 168 tyres and the en- 
tire trailer will have a payload of 450 tons. The entire mass will be 250 
tons. Escom will take delivery of the vehicle at Richards Bay in September 
this year where the trailer will be finally assembled by Cometto engineers. 
The new trailer will mainly be used on routes from Richards Bay to various 
power stations. Cometto is only one of six companies in the wor..d to manufac- 
ture large and sophisticated traisport systems. Inquiries to Henred Fruehauf 
(011) 786-3500. [Text] [Johannesburg MINING WEEK in English 16 May 84 p 6] 

CEMENT FROM SLAG--SPRINGBOK--The O'Kiep Copper Company is to manufacture ce- 
ment from slag with low lime content. The process will mean savings to the 
company of about R2,5-million a year. Announcing this development, Mr T P 
Philip, the company's general manager, said it was an important breakthrough. 
The new plant is to be established at the Caolusberg mine where the deep ore 
project requires large quantities of cement to fill voids created by mining. 
Use of cement bought from one of the major cement suppliers would have made it 
a costly exercise but substantial savings will be effected through the new 
scheme. The plant, which will produce cement from an O'Kiep smelter which 
produced low lime slag, is expected to be established and commissioned before 
the end of this year. The proje-t has been preceded by concentrated research 
undertaken by the company, and similar research in Canada and Spain. It is 
believed to be the first plant, of its kind in the world. [Text] [Johannes- 
burg THE CITIZEN in English 29 May 84 p 27] 


COLOURED, INDIAN CONSTITUENCIES--CAPE TOWN--Members of the public will from 
May 30 be able to inspect the constituencies determined by the delimitation 
commission for the forthcoming Coloured and Indian elections. The Director 
General of the Department of Internal Affairs said in a statement released in 
Cape Town yesterday it was expected the delimitation commission's report would 
be submitted to the State President on May 30. It was intended to provide the 
department's regional offices with maps indicating the various constituencies 
for public inspection from 11 am on that day. The regional offices are at 
Beaufort West, Bleomfontein, Durban, George, Germiston, Johannesburg, Cape 
Town, Kimberley, Kroonstad, East London, Pietermaritzburg, Port Elizabeth, 
Pretoria, Roodepoort and Vereeniging. [Text] [Johannesburg THE CITIZEN in 
English 29 May 84 p 15] 

STATE EARMARKS SASOL MONEY--ALMOST R190 million the State obtained from the 
sale of its Sasol share will be used to finance Escom, the agricultural sec- 
tor and to stabilise the petrol price during 1984. This was announced yester- 
day by the Minister of Mineral and Energy Affairs, Mr Danie Steyn, during de- 
bate on the second reading of the State Oil Fund Amendment Bill. Mr Steyn 
said the fund had acquired cash payments of R887,6 million in December for the 
sale of its shares in Sasols 2 and 3. It would receive a further Rl 491,9 
million over the next five years. Of the amount already received, Mr Steyn, 
said, R187,6 million had been set aside to be used, interest-free, by the 
State. Escom would be allowed to draw up to R150 million to alleviate cash- 
flow problems. A further R18 million would be paid to Escom to suspend the 
cost to farmers of their electricity extension charges for the rest of 1984. 
The remaining R20 million, Mr Steyn added, was earmarked to maintain the pres- 
ent level of the petrol price, especially in view of the bad rate of exchange 
between the rand and the dollar. [Text] [Johannesburg THE CITIZEN in English 
29 May 84 p 4] 

ZIMBABWE SHARES--The Zimbabwean Reserve Bank and various Zimbabwean companies 
have been ordered to send share certificates and details of financial dealings 
to South Africa, to be held in trust pending the outcome of an ei ctal cita- 
tion matter. Late yesterday Mr Justice G Leveson granted an interim interdict 
which has a return date of July 10. The Zimbabwean respondents in eight dif- 
ferent applications--brought by ex-Rhodesians trying to prevent their shares 
which are held by nominee companies becoming the property of the Zimbabwean 
Government--must file affadavits by June 15. If the Zimbabwean respondents do 
not comply with the new interdict, previously granted interdicts will remain 
in force. The new order was granted after the various applicants and a number 
of South African companies agreed on the wording of a draft order. Problems 
had arisen with the previous interim interdict which ordered companies listed 
on the JSE not to allow the applicants shares to be transferred into anyone 
else's name. The Anglo American group told the court in papers it had no in- 
tention of opposing the matter but found it impossible to conform with the 
previous order. This is because the applicants shares are being held by nom- 
inee companies and in some instances are unallocated shares or form part of 
block certificates. [Text] [Johannesburg THE CITIZEN in English 31 May 84 

p 4] 


COLORED PARTY DELEGATES MEET--Delegates of the Labor Party [LP] and the Peo- 
ple's Congress Party [PCP] have held talks in Cape Town with the minister of 
internal affairs, Mr F. W. de Klerk, on the Prohibition on Political Inter- 
ference Act with a view to the pending colored elections. Mr De Klerk said 
afterward that the talks would be resumed soon. The leader of the LP, the 
Reverend Alan Hendrickse, said both parties had put their case, but that no 
agreement had been reached. The leader of the PCP, Mr Peter Marais, said 

the (Zeerbraak) issue had also been discussed with the minister. It had be- 
come clear that the government would lend aid and that a statement in this 
connection would be made soon. A further 78,000 applications from coloreds 
and more than 58,000 from Indians to be registered as voters were received by 
the Department of Internal Affairs today. All the applications had been 
posted or handed in at police stations before the deadline at midnight on 

2 June. This brings the total applications for the month to nearly 500,000. 
Of these, about 305,000 were submitted by coloreds and about 143,000 by 
Indians. [Text] [MB051744 Johannesburg Domestic Service in English 1700 GMT 
5 Jun 84] 

CSO: 3400/1053 


Dar es Salaam DAILY NEWS in English 24 May 84 p 4 

{Text ] 

TANZANIA has the third 
largest cattle population in 
Africa. Although there were 
about 12 million cattle on the 
Mainland in 1978, it has been 
conservatively estimated that 
the carrying capacity of the 
area available for grazing is 
about 20 million stock units. 
In other words, not only is 
there is a good foundation to 

build on, but there is also 

plenty of room for expansion 
of the-industry. 

Ruminant livestock. of 
which cattle, sheep and goats 
are prime examples, have the 
important ability to convert 
low quality feeds into high 
quality fats and proteins for 
human consumption. This 
ability should be exploited to 
the full, and livestock will 
therefore play a key role in 
the implementation of the 
National Food Strategy. As 
potential earners of foreign 
exchange. livestock products 
are very valuable also. 

Thus the “National Herd” 
is an important potential 
resource which must te 
fostered and husbanded with 
care. Planning for the future 
development of the livestock 
industry is one of the key 
roles of the Ministry of 
Agriculture and Livestock 

A vital requirement for this 
undertaking is good in- 
formation about the numbers 
of livestock being kept in the 
country and exact details 
about where they are located. 
it is therefore the intention of 
the ministry to count all the 
livestock in the country once 
every five years in order to 
find out how the population is 
changing with time and to ob. 
tain a picture of the current 



When the first national 
livestock count in Tanzania 
was carried out by the Ger 
man colonial government in 
1913. the total cattle 
population of the country was 
found to be about 1.7 million 
From the time when the 
British took over Tanganyika 
from the Germans until! the 
late 1950s. the number of 
livestock in the country was 
either counted or estimated 
every year for the Ministry of 
Agriculture annual report. 
Actual nationwide 
livestock counts were carried 
out in 1954 and 1978 The 
results of this last count. 
showed that there were about 
3.5 million sheep, 5.5 million 
goats and 12 million cattle on 
the mainland. The cattle 
were to be found largely in 
Arusha and Shinyanga 
regions, with considerabie 
proportions also in Mwanza, 
Mara, Dodoma, Tabora and 
Mbeya regions. 

There were very few cattle 
in Lindi, Mtwara. Coast and 
Kigoma regions. The 
distribution of goats and 
sheep followed a very similar 
pattern, although even higher 
percentages of these livestock 
were found in Arusha Region. 
and slightly lower proportions 
in Shinyanga, ara and 

The next livestock census 
will take place between June 
1 and 15, a date and period of 
time which have been selec 
ted for good reasons. It is to 
be hoped that the problems of 
counting livestock in a coun. 
try, where many of the 
traditional herds regularl\ 
travel long: distances in 
search of good grazing lands. 


may be avoided by carrying 
out the livestock count over 
as bref a time as possible. 
Obviously the possibility of 
counting some animals two or 
more times in different 
locations is very real, would 
lead to gross inaccuracy in 
the census figures, and must 
be avoided at all costs. 

Dunng the rainy --ason. 
when grazing should he 
adequate in most areas of the 
country. herd mugration 1s 
likely to be at a minimum. It 
is however during this season 
that Tanzania's roads. many 
of which are already in a poor 
state of repair, often become 
completely impassable. 
severely restricting travel to 
many places where livestock 
are kept. The census would 
therefore be badly hampered 
at this time of year. By June. 
most areas of the country 
should be free of rain and yet 
the search for new pastures 
will have barely begun. 

Unlike the last livestock 
census. when only cattle. 
sheep and goats were coun 
ted. for the 1984 count the 
numbers of other animals. 
such as donkeys, pigs, horses. 
rabbits, dogs. cats and poultn 
will also be obtained. 

The National Livestock 
Census Committee has been 
planning this important and 
difficult undertaking for 
many months now. and the 
final stages of preparation 
are wel! underway. Fuel and 
stationery are presently bein; 
distributed nationwide, and 
enumerators are being 
trained to obtain the 
necessary information and to 
record it correctly. 

Tanzania faces some 
special problems when im 
plementing an exercise such 
as a national livestock count. 
The methods of ownership 
existing here are sometimes 
complex, livestock often 
being managed at sites far 

CSO: 3400/1036 

distant from the home of the 
actual owner. Many 
traditional cattle keepers 
have never themselves coun- 
ted their herds and fee) reluc- 
tant to allow this exercise to 
be carried out. To overcome 
this will require great care 
and perseverence on the part 
of the census enumerators. 
These officers have been 
appointed at a density of ap- 
proximately one per village. 
For large villages with many 
livestock there will be two 
enumerators. One 
enumerator will record the 
livestock for two or more 
villages, if these are small 
The enumerators will write 
down the numbers. of 
livestock on special question: 
naires, but the names of the 
livestock holders will not be 
recorded on those forms. 
Livestock keepers should feel 
assured that the data collec- 
ted for this census will be 
confidential and will not be 
used for any other purposes 
such as taxation. 
Enumerators will be star- 
ting to contact officials of 
their designated villages a 
few days before the count, to 
arrange times for interviews. 
They will ask fgr help with 
identification of livestock 
holders and with = in- 
troductions to them. The 
ministry is relying very 
heavily on the village 
authorities because of their 
specialised local knowledge. 
Although the availability of 
a reliable supply of a up-to- 

date information will make 

the work of planners in many 
government departments 
much easier and more ef- 
fective, the usefulness of the 
census data does not end 

For the livestock keepers of 
Tanzania also, the ad- 
vantages of a well planned in- 
dustry are numerous. From 
the setting up of new 
veterinary health centres 


equipped with vital drugs, to 
the provision of feeds and 
feed supplements, many ac- 
tivities can be effectively im 
plemented with the use of 
sound plans based on good 
factual information. 

For those traditional herds 
which constitute the majority 
of Tanzania's cattle, the 
census data will enable better 
quantification of the 
problems of overgrazing 
which can then be alleviated 
by the opening up of new 
grazing lands with ac- 
companying stock routes 
provided with watering and 
cattle dipping facilities, and 
tsetse control programmes. 

For the livestock holder 
wishing to upgrade the 
quality of his s‘*ock, im- 
portation and use 0 improved 
animals will be effectively 
planned based on information 
about the present situation. 

For the human consumer of 
livestock products there are 
also advantages to be found 
in good planning in the 
livestock industry. The ready 
availability of meat, milk and 
eggs would be greatly ap. 
preciated in many areas This 
is much more likely to come 
about if livestock keeping can 
be encouraged in particular 
locations whence access to 
towne and cities is easy. sy 

In terms of human safety, 
campaigns against such 
diseases as rabbies can be 
more adequately planned if 
the numbers of dogs and cats 
are known. 

Essential to the success of a 
major exercise such as a 
National Livestock eensus is 
the co-operation of the 
livestock keepers themselves 
If animals ere made available 
for counting on the specified 
days and if the enumerators’ 
questions are answered as 
carefully as possible, the ef- 
forts of everyone concerned 
with the census will be well 
rew arded. 



KIBO PAPER PLANT--KIBO Paper Factory in Dar es Salaam has resumed production 
of soap packaging materials following the arrival of raw materials from 
Canada. The factory's General Manager, Ndugu Francis Koromo, said in the city 
yesterday that a consignment of 500 tonnes of raw materials was received from 
Canada recently. He said another 300 tonnes were expected from Sweden but he 
could not say when they would arrive. It is understood that for a long 
period, soap manufacturing industries have faced acute shorages of packaging 
materials because of foreign exchange constraints. Ndugu Koromo said his 
factory had started supplying the Lake Soap Industry in Mwanza with packaging 
materials and it planned also to provide the materials to EMCO soap factory in 
Arusha. He expressed hope that production of the packages would run smoothly 
when the Southern Paper Mill at Mufindi in Iringa Region started trial produc- 
tion in August. KIBO normally supplies its products to over 20 soap indus- 
tries in the country. [Text] [Dar es Salaam DAILY NEWS in English 23 May 84 

p 3) 

MBEYA CEMENT PLANT--THE Mbeya Cement Company (MCC) needs more than 12 m/- in 
foreign exchange to buy spare parts for its factory in Mbeya where production 
has stopped. A Company spokesman said yesterday that the factory was facing a 
serious problem of spare parts as well as technical management staff. He said 
the withdrawal of funds for spare parts and technical management assistance by 
the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA), had created problems to 
the factory. He stressed that the problem had seriously hit the company's 
quarries where much of the equipment need "heavy rehabilitation." He said 
heavy-duty trucks used to transport limestone from the quairies to the plant 
were out of order and that there were no spare parts. The spokesman explained 
that the company had forwarded the problems to higher authorities. He said 
all depended on the Government's response. No worker has been laid off. The 
cement factory, built at a cost of 695m/- with DANISH assistance, was comple- 
ted in 1981 but could not start production until late last year because of 
power problems. With an annual production capacity of 250,000 tonnes, the 
factory was expected to raise the country's cement production to 1,350,000 
tonnes annually. The National demand for cement is estimated to rise to 1.3 
million tonnes by next year. The other cement factories in Tanga and the Wazo 
Hill in Dar have annual production capacities of 500,000 tonnes and 600,000 
tonnes, respectively. [Text] [Dar es Salaam DAILY NEWS in English 23 May 84 

p 3] 


IBANDA-KARONGA ROAD--WORK to put gravel on the Ibanda-Karonga Road, linking 
Tanzania and Malawi, has started. It is scheduled to be completed at the end 
of July this year. Britain has offered 15 m/- for the first phase of the 50- 
kilometre road, according to the Deputy Principal Secretary in the Ministry of 
Communications and Works, Ndugu Paul J. Mkanga. He was talking in Dar es 
Salaam yesterday on the three-day meeting held in Lilongwe, Malawi, starting 
on May 16, this year. Ndugu Mkanga led a six-member delegation. He said the 
British money would be spent on the four kilometre stretch on the Tanzania 
side, and Malawi's 46-km stretch. The first phase would facilitate the trans- 
portation of Malawi imports stranded in Tanzania to Karona. Malawi's present 
import-export annual trade stood at 800,000 tonnes. Some 300,000 tonnes would 
pass through the proposed road link which will give Malawi direct access to 
the Dar es Salaam port. The Lilongwe meeting, the third in the series since 
last August discussed technical issues related to road and port usage, Immi- 
gration and Customs. A similar meeting would be held next month in Dar es 
Salaam, he said. Phase two will involve constructing an all-weather link- 
road. Work will end in July, 1988, Ndugu Mkanga said. Under this phase, the 
Uyole-Ibanda Road, on the Tanzania side, will be strengthened to bear heavier 
tonnage. [Text] [Dar es Salaam DAILY NEWS in English 24 May 84 p 1] 

COFFEE EARNINGS--COFFEE farmers in the northern zone which covers Kilimanjaro, 
Tanga and Morogoro Regions, have earned 277,101,854/- from sales of 16,590,438 
kilgrammes of the crop during the 1983/84 coffee season which has just ended, 
the Acting Coffee Authority of Tanzania (CAT) zonal Manager, Ndugu Lodovick 
Kimaro, has said. The zone, producing one third of the national coffee pro- 
duction which also stands at 60,000,000 kilogrammes per season, has experi- 
enced a big shortfall in production this season due to drought. He said that 
the CAT had estimated to collected 21,434,390 kilogrammes of the crop. Last 
season CAT bought 21,985,495 kilogrammes worth 266,704,930/- from the northern 
zone. According to Ndugu Kimaro, Moshi District has produced 6,606,444 kilo- 
grammes, worth 109,924,336/- against the estimated target of 8,000,000 kilo- 
grammes. Rombo District produced 3,631,575 kilogrammes worth 60,990,770/- 
against the estimated total of 6,000,000 kilogrammes. Mwanga District has 
collected more than the estimated target. The district sold 671,504 kilo- 
grammes worth 11,281,267/- against the estimated production of 656,390 kilo- 
grammes. Same District harvested 616,113 kilogrammes worth 10,350,698/- 
against the estimated total of 999,000 kilogrammes. Hai District had a 
shortfall in its estimated production. It earned 67,224,345/- from sales of 
4,017,976 kilogrammes against the estimated figure of 4,200,000 kilogrammes. 
Lushoto District collected 871,171 kilogrammes worth 14,620,803/- against a 
target of 1,180,000 kilogrammes. Morogoro had a big shortfall. It produced 
175,155 kilogrammes worth 2,709,653/- against the estimated amount of 400,000 
kilogrammes. Ndugu Kimaro said that ferrying of the crop from the village 
godowns throughout the whole zone to the coffee curing company in Moshi, was 
going on smoothly. [Text] [Dar es Salaam DAILY NEWS in English 22 May 84 p 3] 

CSO: 3400/1036 



SUGAR PRICE UP--THE retail price of sugar in Zambia has gone up by about 14%, 
or KO,10 per kg. A spokesman for the producers, the Zambia Sugar Company, 
said the increase comes into effect immediately. As a result of the increase, 
al kg packet of sugar which previously retailed at K0,73 will now cost KO,83, 
while a 2,5 kg packet which cost K1,46 will now be sold at K1,71. A 10 kg 
packet of sugar previously selling at K7,83 will now cost K8,83. The spokes- 
man said the increases would enable the company to sustain its operations, and 
would help to meet the large additions in direct production costs incurred due 
to the devaluation of the kwacha and the continuing drop in its value. The 
spokesman explained that following the devaluation of the kwacha, the company 
took steps towards cost reduction and was successful in containing costs 
through output and better operational efficiencies. The spokesman said part 
of the funds generated from the price increase would enable the company to 
carry out a K20 million expansion programme at the Nakambala Sugar Estate, 
south of Lusaka. "The price increase is expected to reduce the cash flow 
pressures from which the company has suffered for many years. It is feared 
that if nothing is done to rehabilitate the estate now, production will in 
future suffer," he warned. The spokesman said the project will enable the 
company to process additional cane from its own fields as well as from the 
newly developed smallholders scheme. The additional processing facilities 
will help the company increase output to 160 000 tonnes of sugar in a good 
year, thus ensuring continuing self-sufficiency in sugar. [Text] [Harare THE 
FINANCIAL GAZETTE in English 18 May 84 p 10] 

CSO: 3400/1033 



MB281500 Harare THE HERALD in English 21 May 84 p 7 

[Full text" of interview with Zimbabwe Prime Minister Robert Mugabe conducted 
by Donald Trelford, editor of the London OBSERVER, in Harare "last month" 

[Text] Donald Trelford: Are you disappointed at your country's rate of 

Prime Minister: Well, over the four years we have achieved quite a number of 
Successes, but there have also been some failures, and so it is a question really 
of comparing the successes on one hand and the failures. There were some factors 
beyond our control--the recession and the three-year-old drought. But generally 
in spite of those disadvantages the economy has continued to move well in the 
direction of our plan. 

True, we could have done much more in areas, for example, land resettlement. We 
had hoped to resettle 162,000 families by the end of June next year but that 
target cannot be achieved. Again, for various reasons we have had to divert 
resources to drought relief. We were also affected by a lack of funds. 

In the mining sector, in spite of the depression there is now an upturn--the 
market is warming up and prices of our minerals and copper are more encouraging. 

In the agricultural sector, again because of the drought, grain hasn't fared 

that well--the maize and other crops. But our tobacco and cotton have done very 
well over the last two years, and we expect a bumper harvest this year. In manu- 
facturing we continue to have a few headaches. 

D.T.: Aren't you concerned, prime minister, at some of the reception to your 
fiscal measures to deal with some of your problems? 

PM: Yes. 

D.T.: That these might deter foreign investors--some of whom you may have to 
rely on for your manufacturing sector? 

PM: True, but again this depends on the attitude of our investors. If they 
appreciate our balance of payments position, I am sure they will appreciate 
what we are trying to do--this is not a permanent position. It does not 
really underline policy for the future--it is a temporary measure, and if they 


can accept it in that spirit I am sure the future will be bright for them 
and for us. 

D.T.: Prime Minister, you are variously described as a socialist, sometimes 
as a Marxist leader--this makes some people wonder whether you really believe 
there is a role for foreign investment in Zimbabwe? 

PM: Oh yes, we have always said that although our objective is to establish a 
socialist state, there's always room for private enterprise. We have accepted 
the reality: ours is a capitalist economy. But this is what history has 
bequeathed to the people of Zimbabwe. We cannot change the situation over- 
night, which means an acceptance of capitalism; for how long that will be I 
cannot say. I am not a prophet, but certainly there is going to be a private 
sector for quite some time. 

D.T.: You have travelled both in Eastern and Western Europe extensively. Do you 
feel you have lessons to learn from both kinds of regimes? 

PM: All socialist countries have had to adapt the principles of socialism to 
the situation they found in their countries. We ourselves inherited capitalism 
and, therefore, a capitalist infrastructure--a reality we cannot ignore. We 
also have certain traditions we have got to accept. We, too, have to adjust our 
socialist thrust, particularly the means or the method of applying socialism 

to Zimbabwe. 

D.T.: You have an important party congress in August, and you are due to have 
an election in February next year. What do you hope for from this congress? 

PM: First and foremost, the congress will really consolidate the party--we have 
been restructuring the party and that exercise is not yet complete. After the 
women's congress we will have a youth congress. In August we will have the main 
congress which will have the task of reorganising the party. 

But the physical restructuring of the party is one thing; there is also the 
qualitative development of the party, its transformation in terms of ideology 
and political philosophy. I hope that the congress will pass a number of 
resolutions adopting socialism as the philosophy of the party. The congress, 
we hope, will also back the one-party system as the most desirable for Zimbabwe. 

Apart from the congress being really the concluding stage in the process of 
transforming the party and organising it, it will lay down the direction the 
government is bound to follow. 

In future we want to see a very close link between the party and the government, 
and that whatever the government derives from the decisions of the party is 
reached democratically at the congress through numerous resolutions. 

D.T.: Are we then likely to see 1984 as the year in which you are transformed 
into a country of one-party government? 

PM: No, it is just a transformation in terms of formulated ideas--the actual 
implementation of our policies will take some time. Don't forget that we have 
the most rigid constitution in the world and that our desire is not really 

to tear it apart but to transform the system by constitutional means. 


If we find, in the final analysis, that there are obstructions, then we might 
have to go to the people and ask them to give us the authority to make the 
necessary changes to the constitution. 

At the moment we are not thinking of a convention--what I am referring to 
really would be a kind of convention or referendum of the people for their 
approval to change the constitution. 

I am not pessimistic. I hope that after our congress we can enter into 
negotiations with other parties with a view to securing their agreement to 
change the constitution. This exercise is not impossible; there is likely 
to be some support provided the other parties can be accommodated within the 
framework of a one-party state. 

D.T.: One of your problems in your nation-building here is that you have divisions 
in some areas along tribal lines--partly covered by party labels. There also 

have been disturbing reports from churchmen about recurrence of troubles, perhaps 
on a smaller scale than hitherto, but even so still disturbing. Have you any 

PM: No, we haven't commented on the criticisms that have been expressed by 
churchmen, but they have submitted to us their own documents--I got from the 
Catholic bishops a document and another from the bishops of Matabeleland. Again 
with allegations about atrocities our armed forces are alleged to have committed. 

What we want them to do is to lead us to the areas where these things have 
happened. We would want to see where our army was throwing live babies into 
boiling water and that kind of thing--this is quite unimaginable because even 
during the war when we were fighting a very tough battle, you see, we never, 
never had a campaign against babies--but there it is alleged that the babies 
were being battered, that there was that degree of atrocity which makes our 
operations inhuman. 

But I can assure you that these allegations are false to a very great extent-- 
there might have been one or two incidents here and there, but by and large 

we have found no evidence. Twice or thrice now I have sent ministers into the 
areas with commanders of the police and army to go into those areas and examine 
the evidence in the light of the situation on the ground, and their own view 

is that those things haven't happened at all. 

D.T.: Do you think a military solution to the problems of Matabeleland is 
actually possible, or at the end of the day are you not going to have to accompany 
it with a political settlement? 

PM: The situation in Matabeleland is a military one. The grievances really are 
unfounded. One cannot even piece them together and say this is the grievance. 
But at the end of the day I think the situation is one which requires a change 
on the part of the people of Matabeleland, they must be reoriented and Nkomo 
hasn't accepted political defeat. And because of that he has contrived directly 
or indirectly that some opposition to government should continue. He has been 
unwilling to support government efforts to eradicate the problem in Matabeleland, 
and so he continues to believe that with this lever he can pressure the govern- 
ment to do his will. 

But I can assure you we will not surrender our principles. We have done our 
best to cope with the situation to date, and we continue to educate the people 
politically, but we cannot abdicate our responsibilities and get Nkomo into 
government. What he wants really is to be sitting here and giving interviews 
as prime minister of the country. But to do that he must get the support of 
the people--the verdict was cast in 1980 and it was in favour of ZANU. 

D.T.: But I have heard it suggested that a lot of the trouble is deliberately 
provoked from outside, from people who have gone across the border and come 
back--some perhaps with South African help and training. Are you associating 
Mr Nkomo with that kind of activity? 

PM: Yes--with both, there are two developments. First, after we discovered 
the arms and took action--after we took action against Nkomo--there was an 
immediate action on the part of ZAPU and ZIPRA to recover those arms we had not 
yet discovered. So young men deserted the army, went into the bush to try and 
recover some of these arms cashes we didn't know about, and these are the arms 
caches which they then started using. 

Part of their plan was to use these arms to overthrow the government. And so 
you have that type of dissident. 

But later, because of the action we took here, and the pressures that were being 
exerted by the armed forces and the people generally, there was this flight to 
Botswana by the dissidents, and from there some of them have tried to come back 
using Botswana as a launching pad. Others who needed more weapons decided to 
link up with South Africa and they come back as Super ZAPU. But still their 

god is Nkomo...they are fighting in the name of Nkomo, and Nkomo seems to accept 
both parties although there is a real situation of conflict between them. One 
group is opposed to support from South Africa andthe other says, well if we don't 
have arms, even the devil can be our supporter. 

D.T.: Prime Minister, we have seen many examples of Scuth Africa destabilising 
neighbouring countries, and you have provided some evidence of this in relations 
to Zimbabwe. In the case say of Mozambique, it has been one factor that has 
forced it into a new relationship with South Africa. Could you conceive of 
circumstances in which you may be obliged to do the same? 

PM: We have already commented on the Nkomati agreement and, in fact, I wrote a 
letter to President Samora in which I lent our full support to the agreement. 
In other words we recognise the reality in which Mozambique found itself, the 
circumstances which made it sign the Nkomati agreement. 

South Africa sponsored a huge army of bandits, as they call them in Mozambique. 
The Mozambicans felt it was necessary to confer on the matter with South Africa 
as the sponsor of these bandits' activities and to get South Africa to agree to 
peaceful coexistence. And this is what they did. We recognise the need for 

that kind of arrangement. That situation does not exist in relation to Zimbabwe. 
We have never allowed Zimbabwe to be used as a base by the ANC or the Pan 
Africanist Congress or any other group that seeks to attack South Africa--not 
that we don't support the struggle for liberation in South Africa, but rather 
because we realise that our own situation does not allow us to withstand incur- 
sions from South Africa. 


D.T.: But would you consider say a nonaggression pact with South Africa? 

PM: No. There is no need for a nonaggression pact. We are not attacking them 
and there is no history of hostilities between us and South Africa. So that's 
not called for where we are concerned. But we have appealed to South Africa 

to desist from assisting dissidents launching attacks against us. We hope 

South Africa will take heed of our appeals and start acting in a manner in which 
peacerul coexistence can be furthered between that country and ourselves. 

D.T.: But history and geography in your country have both determined that you 
have close economic links with South Africa and these are recognised, 1 think, 
by some trading contacts. Would you consider upgrading these contacts with 
South Africa? It doesn't seem es though it's morally any different to talk at 
an official level than at a ministerial level. 

PM: Of course, there is a difference. In the one sphere you relate economically. 
Officials discuss matters that affect areas of economic cooperation and trade 
relations. No politics are involved. You are not discussing policies as such, 
you are merely discussing relations and trying to solve problems that arise on a 
day-to-day basis. 

Once you start conferring at a ministerial level, the impression created is that 
you are relating politically to each other. We do not feel that it is a good 
thing at this juncture to give political respectability to South Africa. After 
all they are the architects of apartheid, Botha and company. They follow policies 
which have been condemned by the whole internetional community, and our view is 
that if there are to be any discussions between leaders, it must be between 
leaders of the apartheid system in South Africa and leaders of the ANC and PAC. 
Those are the people they should talk to. Why are they afraid? Why do they want 
to avoid them and relations with us? And this makes it all the more suspicious, 
you see, 

D.T.: It makes it very hard, does it not, to see how the black South African 
can be liberated without help from outside, given South Africa's economic and 
military strength. 

PM: There is no question of our denying other forms of assistance than military. 
We continue to give that support through the OAU. But unfortunately, because 

of the nature of things--the lack of resources on our part, the fact that we are 
only a young country--we are not able to single-handedly offer Zimbabwe as a 
base, and this is the realisation which has dawned on Mozambique. 

But if the situation were such that Africa was united behind the Frontline States 
and all of us here who constitute the Frontline were asked by the whole of Africa 
to offer our countries as bases, provided there would be military assistance in 
the form of weaponry, in the form of funds, in the form of a defence, military 
presence here, forces from Africa, I am sure the Frontline States would consider 
the matter in a different light. And, of course, we would need the backing of 
progressive countries. 

D.T.: You are going to find it increasingly difficult to fulfill your aims of 
establishing a democratic state in South Africa because of the ability of that 
country to hit back. 

PM: But this is only because South Africa is supported morally and materially 

by Western countries. If that support were withdrawn--or even if that support 

remained, but there was sufficient political and moral pressure on the Pretoria 
regime--I am sure there would be a change in South Africa. 

D.T.: But do you believe that black majority rule is a realistic solution to 
South Africa given the size of the white population? 

PM: You cannot evade the question of the right of any people to self- 
determination. You cannot prescribe for South Africa a different system of 
democracy from that which obtains elsewhere-at least in terms of the fundamental 
principles that there should be one man, one vote, equal rights for all, and once 
we begin to talk of equal rights for all we cannot avoid the fact that the blacks 
in South Africa are in the majority and that in the event of one man, one vote 
applying they would be in a commanding position. 

But one doesn't want to look at the situation strictly that way; one would want 
to believe that black and white in South Africa will be prepared to work together, 
just as black and white here are prepared to work together. 

It is reaily sad that our constitution had divided us into black and white, that 
there should be black seats in Parliament and white seats in Parliament. We want 
to see seats for all. And the system itself, I am sure, will ensure that there 
will be blacks and whites in Parliament. 

Already in our government we have invited whites to be ministers and if we can do 
that at the level of government without any constitutional necessity, there is 

no reason why within the parliamentary system that we work out for ourselves we 
Should not take into account the needs of other cultural groups. 

D.T.: Do you remain optimistic about the prospects both for your own country and 
for the rest of Southern Afric? 

PM: Yes, I think so. I think the prospects are bright for all of us provided, 
of course, certain conditions exist. We have to relate to each other in 
Southern Africa. But there is need for technology, there is need for funds, and 
unless we get these flows, technological and financial, there is very little 
hope of really bringing about any meaningful transformation. And so we have to 
continue to tap the resources of those countries that have technology, that can 
make funds available to us for new projects, for raising the level of develop- 
ment so that economies get transformed from subsistence to industrial. 

D.T.: Can Britain do more to help you? 

PM: Yes, certainly I think so--already Britain is doing a iot in various fields 
in our country. In the resettlement programme, Britain has made the largest 
input. Most of our aid has come from Britain. But we need also to industrialise. 
Zimbabwe has a light industrial infrastructure. We don't intend just to produce 
light goods, textiles and that kind of thing. We would want to produce capital 
goods, heavy machinery for the mining sector, agricultural sector, for the 
industrial or manufacturing sector itself. 

But first let's produce enough food for our people; let's ensure that we have 
the roads, water resources, electricity, irrigation schemes, that kind of thing. 
Zimbabwe is very much aware of that need and we are working to increase and 
improve these facilities. I believe our neighbours are doing the same. So 
there are prospects, and I can't see failure if support is forthcoming. 

The West seems to think that what they have done in the past is enough, that a 
lot has yet to be done by us to improve our methods of running our economies. 
There may be some truth in that, but I think there should aljiso be the realisation 
that as colonies we have contributed to the development of the West. What has 

to be recognised is our interdependence. What we produce here goes to London, 
France, New York and is utilised as raw material in the factories. We want 

to see a return, not by way of goods, but by way of technology, so that we too 
can raise the Level of development in our own countries and become manufacturers. 

CSO: 3400/1019 



MB311830 Harare Domestic Service in English 1745 GMT 31 May 84 

[Text] The prime minister, Comrade Robert Mugabe, says the fundamental role 
of the media is to educate and transform society, and it is important that 
journalists should report truthfully and accurately. 

Officially opening the (Himbare) complex of the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corpora- 
tion [ZBC], which houses Radios two and four, Comrade Mugabe underscored the 
importance of sound academic and ideological knowledge of journalists. He 
said Zimbabwean journalists should study and understand the aspirations of 

the government and the people of Zimbabwe. The prime minister declared Zim- 
babwean journalists have all the freedom they need in so far as they tell the 
people the truth and at no time should they try to be involved in sensational 

On the role of the mass media, Comrade Mugabe said it would help people to 
transform. He said the ZBC will intensify efforts to produce effective, 
beneficial, educational, and progressive programs. The prime minister also 
referred to government plans to establish communal listening centers and 
television viewing centers at growth points. 

The (Himbare) complex of the ZBC was built with assistance from the (Frederick 
Herbert) Foundation of the FRG. Today's opening ceremony was aiso attended 

by the minister of information, posts, and telecommunications, Comrade Nathan 
Shamuyarira, and his deputy, Comrade (Naomi Niwatiwa). 

CSO: 3400/1055 



MBO20725 Harare Domestic Service in English 0500 GMT 3 Jun 84 

[Text] The prime minister, Comrade Robert Mugabe, has pledged government 
support to the University of Zimbabwe in its efforts to transform society. 
Comrade Mugabe made this statement during the dinner hosted in Harare last 
night by the vice chancellor of the university, Professor Walter Kamba, 

to mark the conferment of an honorary doctor of laws degree on the prime min- 
ister. He charged the university to work with other institutions to produce 
a Zimbabwean who will understand the needs of his people and be utilized 
fully by this country. He said the university should not be an institution 
of standards but an institution which produces a man who wiil be able to 
relate to activities in the sphere of socioeconomic development. Comrade 
Mugabe also urged the University of Zimbabwe to interact with other institu- 
tions outside the country so that the universities can share ideas, contri- 
bute towards a common standard, as well as keep pace with the policies of 
Other countries. 

The honorary doctor of laws degree which was conferred on the prime minister 
yesterday is the third to be awarded to Comrade Mugabe. He is the second 
recipient of the degree awarded jointly by the University Council and Senate 

in recognition of what has been described as a unique contribution to the 
nation in politics or any other field. The vice chancellor of the university 
delivered the oration, saying the honor was a token of invigorating and propel- 
ling interest which Comrade Mugabe had shown in the progress of the institu- 

CSO: 3400/1055 



MB0O20854 Johannesburg SAPA in English 0738 GMT 2 Jun 84 

[Text] Bulawayo, 2 Jun, SAPA--The government has been urged to initiate a 
full military inquiry into the negative results of security force follow-ups 
after the recent killing by dissidents of a farmer in the Marula area. Ad- 
dressing the annual meeting of the Matabeleland branch of the Commercial 
Farmers Union (CFU) yesterday, the president, Mr John Laurie, said the se- 
curity situation for farmers in Matabeleland had "continued to deteriorate" 
despite measures taken by the government to contain bandits. 

In an apparent reference to a Marula farmer, Mr Ian Birchall, who was killed 
by dissidents last week, Mr Laurie said follow-up operations by the security 
forces had achieved nothing. Mr Birchall was the seventh farmer to be mur- 
dered by bandits this year. 

Mr Laurie said he had requested a fully military inquiry "for the future 
security of our farmers and the well-being of the country," at a meeting 
yesterday with the minister of state for defence, Mr Ernest Kadungure, and 
senior police and army officials. 

He appealed to the security forces to warn farmers of likely dissident activ-— 
ity so they could take additional precautions. 

Earlier, the CFU president said the commercial farmers were reeling under 
a staggering accumulated debt, projected at Zimdollars 2,000 million 
(R2,222) carried forward into the 1984-5 season. 

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Harare THE HERALD in English 24 May 84 p 5 
[Article by David Masunda] 

[Text] PROVISION has been made for the construction of two more antennae at 
the new Mazowe satellite station if the need arises, a site civil engineer, 
Mr. Ryosuke Narita, told Business Herald. 

Mr Narita, of the satellite communications systems division of Nippon Electric 
Company--the main contractor for the station--said the other two might be 
built three years after the commissioning of the station, depending on need. 

"The first one to be constructed should be ready in time for next year's inde- 
pendence celebrations," he said. 

Construction of the building to house the antenna is expected to be completed 
by September. 

Installation of the antenna should start in mid-September and a total of about 
20 Japanese engineers would be employed at the site, he said. 

Mr Narita said the 30-metre diameter antenna would be the largest type his 
company conscructed for international communication and the other two, if con- 
structed, may be for domestic communication. 

"This is a very complicated station. Only five people should be needed to man 
it and the rest should be for standby purposes," he said. 

Mr Isao Furuhata, Sumitiomo's Tokyo office assistant to the general manager 
(telecommunications and electronics department), who toured the six-hectare 
station with the company's Harare general manager, Mr Katsuhisa Tamori, said 
he was very pleased with progress of the civil works. 

He said: ''Judging from the present situation, the satellite station should be 
finished on time.” 

Said Mr Henk Leyenaar, the managing director of Henk's Construction--sub-con- 
tractors to the civil works: "It's all going well. As the programme is going 
on now--we will hit target." 

About 100 people are working at the site at the moment but the number is 
expected to rise to about 200 in the next two months when construction will be 

at its peak, 

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GHANAIAN CIVIL SERVANTS--GHANA is to send more civil servants to Zimbabwe in 
order to help ease local staffing problems. According to a recent report, an 
official of Ghana's ruling Provisional National Defence Council, Captain Kojo 
Tsikata, who is special adviser on national security, recently visited Zim- 
babwe. He then confirmed that a number of civil servants were to be sent here 
to assist the present staffing problems. [Text] [Harare THE FINANCIAL GAZETTE 
in English 18 May 84 p 10] 

EMIGRATION FIGURES--THE emigration of workers in all fields from Zimbabwe 
continues, with a loss to the country of 379 economically active in February. 
This makes a loss of 867 workers in the first two months of 1984, compared 
with 505 over the same period last year, and a two-month average of 639 in 
1982. Central Statistical Office figures for February, 1984, indicates that 
550 workers emigrated from Zimbabwe that month, and 171 immigrated. Of the 
emigrants, 94 came from the professional and technical field, as did 81 of the 
immigrants: Three scientists left and two came in; 24 accountants while two 
arrived and; 22 medical, dental, veterinary and related workers emigrated, 
with 11 coming in. On the other hand, 25 teachers came in while 22 left. 
Among production and related workers, the loss amounted to 140, because while 
169 supervisors, foremen, miners, fitters, electricians, printers, artisans 
etc left the country, only 29 immigrated. On the administrative and manager- 
ial side, 41 workers left and nine came in, while in agriculture, 29 left and 
five came in. The statistics reveal that South Africa continues to be a 
popular destination for emigrants from this country. Nearly one half of the 
total of 1 387 who left in January and February, went to South Africa. Of the 
total of 981 immigrants (who declared a total capital of $173 800), most came 
from Zambia (236), the UK (154) and Asia (127). [Text] [Harare THE FINANCIAL 
GAZETTE in English 18 May 84 p 29] 

merce (ZNCC) plans to send a trade mission in July to the islands of Mauritius 
and Reunion, where good export opportunities are said to exist for local manu- 
facturers. According to a recent ZNCC newsletter, goods requirea by Mauritian 
importers include foodstuffs, wine, tobacco, coffee, construction and engin- 
eering material, leather, paper, cotton yarn, textiles, and consumer products 
such as pharmaceuticals and footwear. Reunion's requirements centre around 
consumer goods and construction material (particularly steel and timber pro- 
ducts), some foodstuffs, footwear, furniture, textiles, clothing and handi- 


crafts. It will not be easy for Zimbabwe to penetrate the sophisticated Maur- 
itian market, the newsletter said. ‘However, there is a general willingness 
on the part of the business community and a desire from the government, to 
trade with Zimbabwe. "The import licensing system is relatively liberal and 
there are no problems with getting paid in foreign currency. These two facts 
make it a country worth penetrating. Mauritius, being a member of the PTA, 
will apply the reduced PTA tariffs from July 1, 1984, to Zimbabwean products”. 
Reunion, the newsletter continued, "provides a test market for the much larger 
French and possibly European markets...this has its drawbacks in terms of 
brand image, sophistication, packaging requirements, etc, but also an oppor- 
tunity". Companies interested in participating in the mission, which will be 
of one week's duration beginning on July 16, may obtain further information 
from ZNCC. [Text] [Harare THE FINANCIAL GAZETTE in English 18 May 84 p 10] 

CSO: 3400/1030 END 



Bune (Br |