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urnal of Religious 
and Social Studies 

Journal of Religious and Social Studies 

ISSN (Print): 2789-0317 

ISSN (online): 2789-0325 

School of Religious and Social Studies, 
Faisalabad (38000), Pakistan. 

Socioeconomic Role of Women in the Light of 
Islamic Teachings and Constitution of Pakistan 

Maria Ashraf, and Rizwan Rasheed 

To cite this article: 

Ashraf, Maria, and Rizwan Rasheed. “Socioeconomic Role of Women in the Light of 
Islamic Teachings and Constitution of Pakistan.” Journal of Religious and Social Studies 1, 

no. 1 (2021): 1-16. 
DOI: https: / / /jrss01.01.2021 

| Published online: 14 June 2021 

BA Submit your article to JRSS 

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Journal of Religious and Social Studies 
June-2021, Vol.: 1, Issue: 1, PP: 1-16 
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Maria Ashraf!, and Rizwan Rasheed 2 

Abstract: Pakistan is the sixth largest populated country 
estimated to have 200 million persons. Nearly half of its 
population is comprised of women. Pakistani women are 
contributing to the advancement of this country by playing a vital 
role in core fields. But there are some areas where women are 
facing challenges like gender discrimination, limited access to 
education, domestic violence, etc. Islam bestowed women a 
significant value in the Islamic community. It is Islam that 
transforms women from a symbol of shame to a mark of honour 
in man dominated society. Besides this glory, there are also 
certain limits for women described by Islam. Muslim women of 
prophet Muhammad (pbuh) era is the perfect exemplary model 
for us. Besides being a dutiful mother, wife, daughter, and sister 
they did engage in worldly affairs too. Home and family should 
indeed be women’s priority but in present time importance of 
women's role cannot be denied in particular fields. The 
constitution of Pakistan provides equal rights to women. In the 
21st century, we need a balanced and practical vision that ensures 
the socioeconomic development of Pakistani women without 
disturbing the social Islamic structure. Briefly, in this article, 
these issues will be analysed with a practical approach by 
concluding applicable proposals. 

Keywords: Socioeconomic, Women, Pakistan, Constitution, Domestic. 


In 21st century Pakistani women, half of the nation is playing a vital role in the 
development and progress of their homeland, in all walks of life, socially, culturally, and 
economically. Yet our society needs to acknowledge women’s struggles and to resolve 

Department of Islamic Studies, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar, Pakistan. b4 

2 Department of Islamic Studies, Government Degree College Makhdoom Rasheed, Multan, Pakistan. 

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the challenges exposed to them by different elements. Pakistani women are dynamic, 
full of purposes and vibrant ideas. They have the courage to take a step without 
muddling our social and cultural values. Pakistani women irrespective of their social 
status from illiterate destitute to the learned middle class and enlightened rich, earning 
their livelihood on daily basis for their families. Pakistani women are not perplexed by 
enchanting slogans of so-called women's freedom. Working women are not only an 
employee of any office and institution but also a member of a family as a mother, 
daughter, and sister. It should be appraised that neither has they been getting distressed, 
unease because of their work nor their family relation been disintegrated and crumbled 
due to their Job or work? Moreover how the economic activity of working women affects 
their social life in any way? After examining the situation and problems briefly, practical 
solutions would be concluded at the end of this research paper. In this research paper, 
socioeconomic aspects of Pakistani women in the diverse social scenario would be 
analysed in the light of Qur’anic verses, Traditions of Prophet Muhammad (PBUR), 
interpretation of various exegetes, jurists, and ground realities of Pakistan. 


In Islamic intellectual heritage, women are discussed repeatedly and widely. A 
number of laws and injunctions address women from inheritance to marriage and 
matrimonial life. There is a long list of books put in black and white about women's 
rights and duties in Islam, in Arabic, Persian, Urdu, English, and other languages. For 
example, few books are as follows: ‘Musalman Ourat’ by Abu’l Kalam Azad (d. 1958) ‘Islami 
Mu ‘ashra Main “Orat ka Mugam’ by Amin Ahsan Islahit (d.1997), ‘Islam ki Beteyan’ by 
Muhammad Ishag Bhatti (d. 2015). On the other hand prominent modern Arab scholars 
like Muhammad “Abduho (d. 1905), Yusuf al-Qardawi (b. 1926) Wahbah al-Zuhayli (d.2015) 
has put down numerous excellent piece of writings on a contemporary issue relating to 
women and challenges exposed to Muslim women in the modern world. For English 
readers, internationally recognized researcher and scholar Dr. Muhammad Hamid Allah 
(d. 2002) has written “The Muslim Woman’. There are also long lists of academic 
writings, articles, and research reports on this topic including doctoral dissertations 
submitted in national universities of Pakistan. Another important document was written 
by Dr. M. H. al-Khayat “Women in Islam and her Role in Human Development’ published 

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by WHO is consulted too.? Scrupulous Literary Contribution of Dawah Academy, Intl. 
Islamic University, Islamabad, and Institute of Policy Studies, Islamabad concerning socio- 
economic affairs of women is remarkable and cannot be disregarded in any way. 


As a prime source, for injunctions to all facets of life, Qur’an has described women's 
status in detail. A magnificent balanced divine manifesto was presented by Islam for 
women's rights and duties, never known before to mankind. To put it in another way, 
from the very early days of Islam, women are being treated as first-class citizens of 
society, free to enjoy all provisions, worldly and spiritually, ina male-dominated society. 
Another key thing to remember, Islamic theology not only treats women equally but also 
confers that man and woman are from the same origination and inception. For instance, 
Al-Qur’an, says that Allah Almighty has created you (all) from a single person: then 
created, of like nature, his mate.* As well as it states that whoever works righteousness, 
man or woman, and has Faith, verily, to him will we give a new life, a life that is good 

and pure.5 

Likewise, at another place Allah (SWT) says that he never will suffer to be lost the 
work of any of you, be he male or female: Ye are members, one of another.® 

High dignity, prestige, and honour are awarded to women for being the mainstay of 
the family and Islamic social system. To perform this most demanding duty, however, 
she set free from financial responsibilities. Though a lot of criticism has been done to 
Muslim women, from the west, for being backward, as a matter of fact, equality and 
grounds to exercise free will, granted by Islam to women are unquestionable. As a result, 
Islamic social structure is established on a solid foundation with deep roots for many 
centuries. Hitherto, Islam does not deprive women of participation in economic affairs. 
For an instance, Al-Qur’an states: 

3 Dr. M. H. Al-Khayat, Women in Islam and her Role in Human Development (Cairo: World 

Health Organization, 2003). 
= Al-Qur’an, 39:6. (The Glorious Quran Translated by Abdullah Yusuf Ali). 
5 Ibid., 16:97. 
6 Ibid., 3:195. 

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“Let his guardian dictate faithfully, and get two witnesses, out of your own men, and if there 
are not two men, then a man and two women, such as ye choose, for witnesses, so that if one 
of them errs, the other can remind her. The witnesses should not refuse when they are called 
on (For evidence).”” 

Above all, According to the divine scheme, both genders are assigned duties and 
positions, essential to equilibrium, peace, happiness, comfort, and progress of mankind 
and society. Qur’an states by quoting the words of Prophet Imran’s (PBUH) wife, when 
she gave birth to Maryam (peace be upon her): 

“And no wise is the male like the female.”8 

Importantly, Men and women are designed in a quite different pattern, physically 
and psychologically, as women have more tenderness and sympathy to their fellow 
beings. Significantly, it is a very important trait to handle a family with tranquillity and 
harmony. With this in mind, the functions of men and women are not identical, yet both 
are equally receptionist of Allah (SWT) mercy and bounties. As noted earlier, it should 
not be taken as a matter of inferiority or superiority rather it is designed by nature. 


There are quite diverse views on women's socio-economic aspects and status from 
stereotype rigid opinions to moderate and liberal within Islamic intellectual heritage. In 
this context; it is worthwhile to restate both behaviours to address this issue with deeper 
understanding. Traditionally, the first school of thought, comprise of mainstream 
Islamic scholars, inscribes their attitude by iterating following verses from Al-Qur’an: 

“And stay quietly in your houses.”9 

7 Al-Qur’an, 2:282. 
8 Tbid., 3:36. 
9 Ibid., 33:33. 

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Qur’an states that Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allah 
has given the one more (strength) than the other, and because they support them from 
their means.1° 

Accordingly, primarily insight drawn from the scholarly literature of this attitude is 
the prohibition of intermingling men and women. The issue is whether or not the work 
itself but atmosphere which may lead to imbalance society social values.!! Despite that, 
according to this school of thought, women are allowed to work and earn bread with 
few conditions and restrictions.!2 

On the contrary, there is another school of thought who claims equality in all spheres 
of life by restating the following verses of Al-Qur’an: 

“The Believers, men, and women are protectors one of another: they enjoin what is just, and 
forbid what is evil.” 

As well as it describes that women shall have rights similar to the rights against them, 
according to what is equitable." 

The other denomination, mostly comprised of scholars belongs to the modern period, 
gives authority to women to practice worldly affairs with less restriction. As a matter 
of fact, both narratives, in any way, do not let the women down in social status. 
However, the transforming era we are in, need a women's presentation in specific fields 
like Health care, Universities, Colleges and schools, domestic business, vocational 
training institute, government services, politics, and media with certain conditions. A 
society needs Lady Doctors, paramedics, female teachers, female personal in law 
enforcement agencies, and well-educated mothers. Moreover, the socio-economic status 
of women varies from one Islamic country to other according to their fabric of pre and 
post-Islamic culture. Far East Asian Islamic countries like Malaysia, Indonesia, and 

0 Al-Qur’an, 4:34. 

7 ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Hammad al-’Umar, Din al-Hag (KSA: Ministry of Religious Affairs 
and Dawah, 1420), 100. 

2 Dar al ‘ulam deoband, accessed at 22 July 2019, 

3 Al-Qur’an, 9:71. 

: Ibid., 2:228. 

7 Rafi‘Ullah Shahab, Mansab Hakomat aur Musalman ‘Aurat (Lahore: Sang-e-Meel 

Publicationers, 1987), 107. 

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North African countries like Morocco and Tunis are more tolerant to women's presence 
in the workplace, contrary to Middle East Arab Islamic countries. Provided that, 
working and earnings are not a duty for women in Islamic society yet for human 
development, women are encouraged to participate in all spheres of life by safeguarding 
their moral and social values. 


Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) a merciful person for all creation, as he said that take 
my advice with regard to women: Act kindly towards women.'¢ He sets the examples 
for all mankind from his own behaviour towards women. Reign of Holy Prophet 
Muhammad (PBUH) was a landmark indeed, as far rights of women are concerned. For 
example when a companion of the prophet (PBUH), Ous Bin Samit (RA) expressed zihar, 
a kind of disconnecting matrimonial relation according to pre-Islamic Arab culture (not 
divorce), to his wife Khaula (RA). She rushed to him (PBUH) to ask about the legal way 
out of this unjust pre-Islamic Arab custom. He became quiet because till that moment 
there was no such ruling from Allah Almighty about this ignorant practice. Then Allah 
(SWT) revealed Surah Mujadilah, in which detail ruling and injunctions were given to 
void and nullified that cruel practice by imposing punishment on the guilty.1” This small 
incident shows women's confidence in Prophet (PBUH) to safeguard and protect their 
rights. He (PBUH) addressed his companion in the Last Sermon; at farewell pilgrimage 
“be fearful from Allah about women” (treat them well).18 That is most probably the 
comprehensive reason which appeases Muslim Women. Yet in some Muslim 
communities due to ignorance, women are being ill-treated against the rulings of Islam. 


The Constitution of Pakistan confers and grants all rights to women without any 
discrimination. Article 32 says: women will be granted special representation in local 

16 Muhammad ibn Ismail Al-Bukhari, Al-Sahih al-Jam’e (Riyad: Dar Al-Salam, 1999), Hadith 

# 3331. 
17 ‘Abd al-Rahman Al-Jauzi, Zad al-Masir (Bairut: Dar al-Kitab al ‘Arabi, 2002) 4:242. 
18 Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj, Al-Sahih (Bairut: Dar ahya al-Turas al-’ Arbi, 2003), 2:886. 

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government. Furthermore, article 34 asks the government; make sure women participate 
in all areas of national life.19 Similarly, Article 35 briefly demands the protection of 
Women, families, and children by the state. Notably, Section (e) of Article 37 is very 
important as it states government must provide security and just conditions for working 
women. Women should not be employed in a vocation unsuited for their age or sex. 
Section (f) generally describes the duties of the state to its citizens, irrespective of sex. 
State should provide its citizen's education, industrial and agricultural development, 
and training to participate in all forms of national activities. Meanwhile, section (g) of 
Article 37 prevents prostitution, printing, publication circulation of obscene literature, 
and advertisement.”” Moreover, article 38 (a) suggests the state to secure the welfare of 
the people irrespective of sex. Equitable adjustment of rights must be ensured between 
employers and employees. Above all, according to article 38 (d) of the constitution of 
Pakistan, all citizens should be provided basic necessities of life like food, clothing, 
housing, and education, as are unable to earn their livelihood due to unemployment, 
infirmity, or sickness. In view of these sections, it clarifies that the state of Pakistan is 
taking positive measures for the empowerment and emancipation of women in the right 
direction. Coupled with these sections there are also Muslim family laws Ordinance 1961 
and The Punjab Women Protection Authority Act 2017, 2! which provides them extra 


By freeing women from financial duties and responsibilities Islam prescribed their 
primary role in society as a cradle and safeguard of the upcoming generation. In other 
words, they are already a natural employee of the human development sector. Al-Qur’an 
praises women who beautify themselves with characteristics as follows: 

a The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Islamabad: National assembly of 

Pakistan, 2012), 18. 
The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 19. 
a1 This act was passed by the Punjab Assembly on 24 May 2017, and published in the Punjab 

Gazette (Extraordinary) on 31 May 2017, 7667-7672. 

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“Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient and guard in (the husband's) absence 
what Allah would have them, guard.”22 

Qur'an also says that who submit (their wills), who believe, who are devout, who turn 
to Allah in repentance, who worship (in humility), who travel (for Faith) and fast. 

Allah advised men to treat their parents with affection especially to mothers. As 
mentioned in Al-Qur’an: 
“And we have enjoined on man (to be good) to his parents: in travail upon travail did his 

mother bear him, and in years twain was his weaning: (hear the command), "Show gratitude 
to me and to thy parents. 24 

So, before taking part in any kind of public activity women are supposed to perform 
these domestic duties assigned by Allah Almighty for the long-term amelioration of 
society, socially, morally, and economically. So the male member of their family earns a 
living for the family with peace of mind. At any stage, if the family as an institution and 
social structure is suffering due to the working of women in an Islamic State, remedies 
and ways out can be sought to get rid of the unwanted and unpleasing situation by 
conducting scholarly debates. 


The prime reason which leads to unease and strengthens the opinion of mainstream 
Muslim intelligentsia is social statistics coming from developed countries where women 
and men are working side by side. Research study indicates that mixing of both genders 
without restrictions may bring catastrophic effects to Islamic social ideology. To 
illustrate what I mean, there are some core challenging issues, being faced by advanced 
and developed countries after giving liberty to mix both genders at every sphere of life, 
like cohabitation, abortion, high rate of divorce, single-mother family, and births out of 
wedlock, harassment, and drugs. Single mothers are suffering through different issues 
like employment, raising children, housing, and health care, at the same time. It is a 

22 Al-Qur’an, 4:34. 
23 Ibid., 66:5. 
24 Al-Qur’an, 31:14. 

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highly difficult task to perform indeed. Even in advanced countries, they received less 
social support with no social safety. Moreover, two parents’ families are very 
conservative to single-mother families.2> Additionally, a declining fertility rate with a 
high ratio of abortion is another social phenomenon observed in the developed country 
associated with women's unrestricted involvement in economic affairs and 
unquestionable independence. United Nations, department of economics and social 
affairs, published a data booklet that discloses compelling demographics of the 
developed nation with a fertility rate of less than 1.5 on average.” Dr. Geeta Nagrund, 
Medical director at Centre for Reproduction and advance Technology, London, states in 
one of her opinion papers that factors behind the declining birth rate in developed 
countries are economic concerns, for instance, housing, health, education, imbalance in 
family and job.?” Indeed it is a dilemma of the developed country where everybody is 
working for economic growth and progress yet sources and time are insufficient to bear 
few children. A high ratio of illegitimate births to out-of-wedlock parents, the result of 
the western socio-economic structure, is also an unpleasing situation for a developed 
country to handle. OECD, An organization to stimulate economic progress founded by 
developed countries i.e. France, Denmark, Norway, Japan, Turkey has published one 
report. The key findings of the report are as follows: 40% of births occur outside of 
marriage in 11 OECD countries including Chile, Denmark, France, Norway, and 
Sweden. By contrast, in the other three OECD countries (Japan, Turkey, and Korea) the 
rate is as low as 2-3%.28 The essay of Joseph Chamie ‘Out-of-Wedlock Births Rises 
worldwide’ appears on Yale University’s online page Yale Global. Chamie notes, “out of 
wedlock births create challenges for many societies”. To Chamie one of the reason 
behind this, “with their changing roles and status in society, especially at the workplace, 

7 Jung-Eun Kim, Jin Y. Lee, and Sang H. Lee, “Single Mothers’ Experiences with Pregnancy 
and Child Rearing in Korea: Discrepancy between Social Services/Policies and Single 
Mothers’ Needs,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 
5 (2018): 955. https: / / 

26 Department of Economic and Social Affairs, World Population Prospects: The 2015 Revision, 
Key Findings and Advance Tables (New York: United Nations, 2015), 21-23. 

27 Geeta Nargund, “Declining birth rate in Developed Countries: A radical policy re-think 
is required,” Facts, views & vision in ObGyn 1, no. 3 (2009): 191-193. 

28 Directorate of Employment, Labour and Social Affairs, OECD Family Database, Social 

Policy Division (Paris: organisation for economic co-operation and development, 2018). 

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women have become more economically and socially independent. However developed 
countries are offering more financial benefits to stop the cohabitation trend.”? Children 
are the ultimate victim of that social disorder. Muslim scholar feels unrest and expresses 
execrate for such alarming situation that might be developed in Islamic societies in near 
future too. After examining the situation carefully, it can be stated that the trepidation 
of Muslim intelligentsia is baseless. For instance, women of Turkey, besides taking an 
active part in socio-economic activities, still preserve Islamic values. Moreover, the 
example of women of China and Japan are before our eyes. Women of these two 
countries achieved socio-economic development and prosperity without compromising 
their national and cultural values. Contrary to non-Muslim females, Muslim women are 
dynamically equipped with strong Religious, Moral, and social values. 


Generally, women in Pakistan are concerned with their economics with regard to 
inheritance, marriage gift (Mahar) and legal expenditure (Nafqah) imposed on husbands 
by Almighty Allah. As Qur’an guides in case of any disagreement between husband and. 

“Bestow on them (A suitable gift), the wealthy according to his means, and the poor according 

to his means; - A gift of a reasonable amount is due from those who wish to do the right 

As stated earlier, the Pakistani working women community is comprised of all social 
backgrounds including illiterate deprived class to the educated middle class and 
enlightened rich families. Furthermore, only a few metropolitan cities like Karachi, 
Lahore, and Islamabad have opportunities to offer working women. The rest of the cities 
like Peshawar, Quetta, and Multan, etc. are in the transitional period. Among many 
other causes which lead deprived and middle-class women to get out of Home to earn 
bread, are lack of resources and absence of social security by family and state. A research 
study executed in NWFP reflects that working women receive healthy and positive 

attitudes from family and community. In that study, working women as an interviewer 

29 Joseph Chamie, Out-Of-Wedlock Births Rise Worldwide - Analysis, accessed July 23, 2019, 
30 Al-Qur’an, 2:236. 


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replied that the attitude of their family and colleagues is respectful towards them. 
According to that study, 70 % of the women were doing a job to earn livelihood whereas 
25 % were working with intentions to utilize their education and knowledge. Having 
said in that report, many working women admit, job affects their social relations and 
family as they cannot give proper time to look after their kids and home.*! The major 
problem faced by working women is transport. Research also shows that working and 
non-working woman enjoys a same social status in society.** Research studies 
recommend that society and family members accept working women status with open 
arms so may daughter of Eve stand on equal footing with the son of Adam (PBUH). 
Despite being not much advanced in technology and financially strong country, Pakistan 
is a safe country for women. To prove this statement we have some alarming facts from 
neighbouring countries, multiple international news agencies report that after gender- 
selective abortion kicked off north India consequently no girl was born in 132 villages of 
Uttarakhand state during the last three months.*° Islam has very clear statements about 
this issue and considers it a capital crime against humanity and mankind. As Al-Qur’an 
says that when the female (infant), buried alive, is questioned. For what crime she was 
killed.34 And also orders not to kill your children for fear of want: Allah Almighty shall 
provide sustenance for them as well as for you. Verily the killing of them is a great sin.°5 

On the contrary, despite these fine Islamic Teachings, it is unfortunate that a large 
number of Pakistani women are still deprived of their just, legal, and lawful rights 
granted to them by Islam and the constitution of Pakistan. Ignorance, illiteracy, and 
social norms are undue reasons for halting males to deliver rights and repose the status 
to women what they actually deserve. Additionally, in some of the areas, girls are not 
allowed to get primary education. Thousands of Pakistani pregnant women die every 
year due to insufficient medical facilities. Pakistan is a country where honour killing still 
takes place. Among other social tribulations, dowry is a significant problem for Pakistani 

31 Sidra Pervez, Muhammad Zia al-rehman, Jawad Javed, “Working Women in Pakistan: 
Analysis Issues and Problems,” Pakistan Journal of social Sciences 35, no. 2 (January-2015), 

1002. http: / / 

= Ibid., 1005. 

a Gender-selective abortion? No girls born in 3 months across 132 Indian villages, RT QUESTION 
MORE, accessed July 24, 2019, 

34 Al-Qur’an, 81:6-7. 

a Ibid. 17231. 


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families. Such attitudes and problems are stretching their roots due to men's illiteracy, 
unemployment, and social unease. Another social phenomenon that has been emerged 
recently is also causing trouble for women themselves. Liberal feminist media is harming 
women's interest in Pakistan by spoiling cultural and social values as its inclination 
towards non-Islamic values is visible. Many prominent female figures of Pakistani media 
became part of the “Me Too” movement.*¢ Moreover, social media is also being used as 
a tool to promote unethical values that do not match Pakistani social norms. They are 
less than a handful of the community but with the support of liberal feminist media, 
prevailing on a vast social spectrum. A few days back on international women day small 
number of liberal feminists arranged to gather in Islamabad and Karachi. They were 
enchanting slogans, embarrassing and humiliating to the mainstream women 
community of Pakistan.3”? One of the slogans that received international fame was the 
Urdu version of ‘My Body My Choice’; ‘Mera Jisam Meri Marzi’. This narrative was 
denounced and received a lot of criticism from traditionally civilized and moderate 
cultured Pakistani women. Al-Qur’an relates it as a sinful deed as describes that those 
who love (to see) scandal published broadcast among the believers, will have a grievous 
penalty in this life and hereafter.%8 

Indeed, No philosophical ideology and religion can claim for being a safeguard for 
women's rights more than Islam. Al-Qur’an says: 

“And those who launch a charge against chaste women, and produce not four witnesses (to 
support their allegations), - flog them with eighty stripes.”%9 

Furthermore, it should be kept in mind; empowerment and emancipation of women 
would only be a dream unless we do focus on men's education, training, prosperity, 
progress, and well-being too. 

oo Rabia Mehmood, Pakistan's long #MeToo moment, accessed July 8 2019, 
37 Muhammad Abdullah, Feminism and Women Rights, accessed 12 July 2019, 
38 Al-Qur’an, 24:19. 
39 Ibid., 24:4. 


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Provision of a Safe and secure society and atmosphere to all women, studying, 
working or household, should be a high-level priority for the state and all citizens 
of Pakistan. 

Crimes committed against women should be prosecuted with high concerns and 
justice be delivered with openness and transparency according to the Islamic legal 

Parents and family member pays attention, build confidence and train female 
members about their use of social media. 

Parents should take responsibility to treat daughters as well as sons which leads 
the girls to restore self-confidence. 

Women themselves should come forward to discourage so-called women's 
freedom in western footsteps, to promote Pakistani Islamic and social values. 
Exclusive women TV channels that promote Islamic Pakistani social and cultural 
values to counter liberal western feminist ideology are an utmost need of the 

Pakistan National Radio, should on-air special women radio channels in regional 
languages (Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Saraiki, Balochi, Pothohari, and Hindko) with the 
aim to bring positive change in our society by producing healthy programs and 
serious discussions. 

Literature related to women's rights and issues including booklets, circulars, 
journals, magazines, and contents in the curriculum should be published on a mass 
level with the ambition to raise awareness among people. 

Social and educational symposium, summit, the conference should be hosted for 
socio-economic aspects of women on a national and international level. 

Women from all walks of life including illiterate female peasants working in fields 
to highly educated should be given representation on these TV and Radio 

Vocational training institutes should be established for women by public and 
private sectors with the aim to excel their expertise in modern professions and 


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e Stress, harassment, and discrimination-free working atmosphere, respectful 
behaviour, equal wages, safe and suitable transport, limited working hours, day- 
care Centre and social security should be provided by all means to working 

e Above all, if any helpless women, widows, aged, disable, sick, orphan, divorced 
suffering through financial crises, family member and people around them must 
pay attention to fulfil their needs. It is a high virtue in the eye of Islam. The state 
should also dispense special allowance (i.e. income support program) to facilitate 
these helpless needy women on a priority basis. 


Pakistani social and cultural values are manifold and dynamic associated with a 
diverse ethnographic landscape. Pakistani women including minorities are participating 
in all walks of life irrespective of their unpaid services inside the home (social and human 
development) or paid services outside the home (economic development). That mother, 
who stays at home and spends her time raising a healthy and civilized upcoming 
generation, deserves as much social status, respect, and economic prosperity as a woman 
working outside the home. Altogether, Pakistani women are participating in economic 
affairs with the consent, confidence, and credence of their families. Thus, the fabric of 
their family and social life is unwrinkled, smooth, and trouble-free. As a whole, our 
society needs a more constructive and enlightened attitude towards women especially 
the working class. Pakistan is transforming, trends are being sets and the ball is moving 
in the right direction. The responsibility lies on Muslim intelligentsia, family, state, and 
employer not to disintegrate and halts this course of progress by any discriminative 
behaviour towards women. In this context, it is worthwhile to consider that all Pakistani 
women will receive their due dignity and forgotten value very soon. In conclusion, 
Pakistan is metamorphosing socially, culturally, and economically as well its women. 
Based on facts, it can be expected, that day is not so far when Pakistani women would 
be standing side by women of the developed country without compromising on their 
Islamic and cultural identity. (And our duty is but plain conveyance and Allah knows 
the best. 


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