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with books bound in cloth, he must needs have 
them bound in leather, and the best authors are rep- 
resented in ranges of volumes whose bindings are 
harmonious in style and color. The amount of tool- 
ing and lettering bestowed upon these volumes is 
something immense, and having arranged his library 
in this luxurious manner, he puts the finishing touch 
upon his books by affixing to the inner cover of each 
a book plate bearing his name and armorial 

It is a pretty device, that ought to be more largely 
followed in the United States than it has been. 

""TO make paper lamp shades composed of three 

distinct colors one above another, the crimped 

papers should be obtained in three well assorted 

tints. They are to be bought, made expressly for 

Pen Drawing for Book Illustration. 

lamp shades, in one circular length. They are best 
arranged on the wire placed over the lamp. It 
minimizes the trouble of stretching upwards to 
place the lamp on a milking stool. Slip the paper 
over, draw it together at the top, leaving a good 
heading, and then tie it loosely with string round 
the wire, by which means you can regulate the full- 
ness carefully till it is equal all round, and then 
tighten the string. In the same way place the two 
other papers separately over. The lowest paper is 
then bent under about two inches above the edge, 
the next is formed into a couple of waves, and the 
upper one drawn up in waves above, so that it 
makes about five Vandykes all round. The paper 
remains as you press it, and the result is a pretty, 
most graceful shade. 


WE have already given in the pages of The Dec- 
orator and Furnisher a detailed descrip- 
tion of the actual processes for creating designs in 
repousse metal work, so that it is unnecessary for 
us at present to enlarge upon the subject. It may 
be worth repeating that the modern repousse 
worker usually beds his metal in pitch. But if the 
worker has preference for any other method of work, 
which gives good results, he should be strictly up- 
held in using such means. So that whether the 
work is done by bedding the metal in pitch, or wood, 
or other material, the metal being bedded on one of 

Ship in Beaten Copper. 

these, the design is wrought, working as we mu6t 
from the back. The technique is simplicity itself, 
as it can be learned in a few moments, although it 
takes years to become a skillful workman. He will 
find that certain tools or shaped mallets will give a 
pleasing result, or that these points are worked in 
copper and that the effect is rich and sumptuous 
and takes a high polish. He finds that a small pat- 
tern sharply traced on the other side looks insignifi- 

A Sconce in Repousse Work. Designed and Executed 
bv Nelson Dawson. 

cant, and that such waste of labor should be 

We present a design of a 6hip in beaten copper, 
and a sconce also in copper repousse work. These 
can be easily executed by an amateur, and will 
form most delightful bits of beaten work. 


In the selection of colors, wall and floor cover- 
ings, hangings and drapery must tie together and 
the whole be adapted to 6et off the furniture and 
pictures. Blue should never be used in any quan- 
tity ; it is too absorbing; dead white and grays are 
cold and cheerless, two things always to be avoided 
in color effects. One or two upholstered pieces 
may be needed in a parlor, but in a minimum of 
space hard woods are not unsatisfactory. Dining- 
room furniture should be dark, though not neces- 
sarily gloomy. Natural oak is very ugly. If used 
it should be stained a trifle. Natural mahogany, on 
the contrary, is very beautiful. 

The table is a matter of choice; while the round 
table is admirable, it is not economical; the seating 
capacity is less, hence more room is needed than for 
a square one. Dining chairs were never more com- 
fortable, and there is no excuse for any other sort. 
We dine after the affairs of the day; we are bodily 
and mentally tired, and for physical economy tbe 
chair should be restful, the table inviting, the room 
pleasing. The carver must and should have an arm 
chair; he needs definite support after the exertion, 
proportional to the size of the family. It is a com- 
pliment to the wife's dignity to provide one more 
arm chair, although she may or may not use it. In 

Bell Pull. Modeled; in Gesso. 

an ordinary dining-room arm chairs take up too much 

High-bask chairs are objectionable from the 
window and the waiter's view; they are hard to get 
about, they obstruct daylight and throw gloomy 
shadows under gaslight. High-top sideboards are 
not used any more for similar reasons. There is a 
fancy for the Hepplewhite, that is alow buffet with- 
out any top at all, that prevailed a century ago. 
Over these table-like sideboards a picture or a col- 
lection of plates may be hung with good effect. A 
cabinet for china is a delightful adjunct to the din- 
ing-room furniture. 


By A. Ashmun Kelly. 

IT is quite possible for the amateur to do very 
creditable work with stencil designs, provided 
he is careful and neat, and it is with this thoueht 
in mind that we herewith present for his use five 
excellent and highly artistic designs for a frieze 
decoration, copied from work executed by Mr. W. 
D. Aitchison, at the Hoxton House Asylum, in En- 
gland. The decoration, which, it will be observed,