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PAGE1 




Coordinator 



Advisory Board 






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AMONG THE SCHOLARS, spiritual leaders and other respected thinkers who have conducted 
weekend seminars at Heart Haus h Dr. Walter Houston Clark, professor of psychology of religion at 
Andover Newton Theological School, president of the Academy of Religion and Psychical Research 
and a founder and past president of the Society for the Scientific Study of Religion. In this group 
are, left to right, Frank Potter, Dr. Clark, Martha Harlin and Maurice Ticheau." 



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SPRING 



Heart Haus Center of Mill Valley invites human 
potential leaders to write regarding the giving of 
weekend workshops, seminars and lectures. 

The Center does not pay travel expenses, 
prefering to work with those who are planning 
cross-country lecture tours, but does provide 
board, lodging and payment to its leaders. Please 
address all correspondence to : 




Martha Harlin, Heart Haus 

968 Greenhill Road 

MiU Valley, California 94941 

(415-383-4859) 



BULK BAILING 
U.S. POSTAGE 

PAID 
PERMIT MO. 95 
MILL VALLEY, CA. 



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PAGE 2 




Heart Haus Offers 






GOOD CLASSES 



Lecture-Workshop: 



Psychic Healing: What Can We Believe? The Transpersonal Self 



This lecture-workshop will explore different types of psychic heal- 
ing such as laying on of hands, distant healing, magnetic healing 
and psychic surgery. Specified procedures will be discussed that Dr. 
Krippner witnessed and experienced in Brazil, Czechoslovakia, the 
Philippines, and with the American Indian Shaman, Rolling Thunder. 
Various theories of psychic healing will be presented, and the ex- 
perimental studies wiil be summarized. Questions will be entertain- 
ed involving when one should consider going to a psychic healer and 
how to select one. 

Stanley Krippner. Ph.D. . is a renowned psychologist and parapsycho- 
logist. Past President of the Association for Humanistic Psychology 
and Director of the William Menninger Dream Laboratory, he has au- 
thored over 250 articles in professional Journals and edited and 
written a number of books, including Song of t he Siren: A Parapsv- 
chological Odyssey . For 20 years he has researched altered states 
of consciousness and paranormal phenomena the world over. Presently 
at Sonoma State College, he is also Program Planning Coordinator of 
the Humanistic Psychology Institute, San Francisco. His most recent 
book, Realms of Healing , written with Alberto Vilolldo, will be re- 
leased soon by Celestial Arts Press. 
Lecture April 2. Fri. 7:V3 P- M. 85.00 
Workshop April ^. Sat. 10 A.M. - 6 P.M. 825.00 

A Weekend Intensive with Dr. Salvador Roquet 

Introduction to theory S, practice of psychedelic therapy and spe- 
cial techniques evoking altered states of consciousness: this dis- 
cussion will delineate ideas which will be developed in two sub- 
sequent Saturday-Sunday workshops and will deal with the approach 
of a new, wholistic concept in emotional and mental well-being. 
Open to professionals, paraprofessionals and all aware people. 
Lecture - April 9. Fri. 7:TO P.M. - 85.00 

Exposition of psychedelic theory and techniques: Psycho-philosophic 
preparation for a simulated psychedelic experience: Dr. Roquet, 
drawing from his many years of study of Shamanic techniques among 
Mexico's indigenous peoples, will discuss his uniquely effective 

««thode for altering consciousness, fioquet'e approach combines Sha- 
manic methods with Western psychiatric concepts to form a truly 
transcultural psychotherapy. The role of sensory overload, marathon, 
ritual and psychoactive plants in this therapy will be explored. 
Slides depicting procedures discussed and artwork by persons in 
profoundly altered states of consciousness will be shown. 
One day workshop-April 10. Sat. 10 A.M. - 6P.M. - 825.00 
The simulated psychedelic experience: employing everything but the 
psychoactive drugs, the marathon will utilize sensory bombardment 
techniques to evoke an altered state of consciousness. These states 
or "separate reality" typically facilitate new wholistic insights, 
and the emergence of creative symbolism, which sometimes leads to 
the condition of cosmic sonsciousness. In addition they reveal such 
psychodynamic processes which frequently block actualization of our 
full potential. Necessary preconditions for and methods of altering 
belief systems will be presented and facilitated through sensory 
bombardment techniques employing the use of music, lighting effects 
and slides, the latter depicting mystical, mythic and sexual sym- 
bolism of various cultures. 
One day workshop- April 11. Sun. 10 A.M. - 6 P.M. - 825.00 

Dr. Salvador Roouet of the Albert Schweitzer Association in Mexico 
City, is renowned in scientific and medical circles as an outstand- 
ingly brilliant pioneer in the field of psychotherapy. While it is 
suggested that the entire weekend should be experienced for maximal 
knowledge and effect, each of these events has been so structured as 
to be complete per se. 

Explorations Into The 'Tonal" and The "Nagual." 

The socerer's path is the left-hand path of discovery and ih=««ion 
into the primordial feminine. The journey to the Nagual, which must 
be preceded by the 'straightening of the island of the Tonal" in- 
volves death of the ego and a subseouent transformation where a per- 
son "reclaims that which has been lost" and arrives, in a vision, 
at the Socerer's explanation. Using Castaneda's descriptions of his 
encounters with the Tonal and the Nagual as a starting place we 
will engage in a series of exercises from Shamanic Initiatory tra 
ditions which acquaint one personally with the Tonal and the Nagual. 
Among the techniques we will discuss are: acquiring personal power, 
the Socerer's way of dreaming, becoming a warri3r, meeting one s 
allies, assuming responsibility and the actual process of Initiations 
where symbolic death becomes a visionary experience. Recommended, but 
not required reading: Tales of Power . C. Castaneda. 

Alberto Villoldo, psychologist, is co-author with Stanley Kripp- 

ot " The Realms of Healing '. 1 and has studied shamanic and spir- 
itual healing technioues in North and South America. Though form- 
ally trained as a psychologist, his interests have centered on 
methods of paranormal healing and shaman initiation practices as 
a petential transpersonal psychology. 
Lecture: Apr< 1 ?V Fri , ?■« P M. 85.00 - 
Workshop: April 21t , Sat. 10-ft 825 



This workshop offers an opportunity to develop awareness of the 
transpersonal self through examination of belief systems that 
limit and shape reality and through the role of intuition in 
selecting those systems, the role of the will in developing per- 
sonal potential, and the integration of intuitive right-brain 
functions with rational left -brain functions. The concept of a 
transpersonal self is found in both Western psychology and East- 
ern philosophy. Many personality theories suggest that optima l 
psychological development includes the capacity for aelf-tran- 
scendence. Jung, Maslow, Assagioll and others have developed 
comprehensive theoretical frameworks that consider the healthy 
personality as one including awareness of a transpersonal self. 
Experiential exercises guide participants in expanding self- 
concept, and exploring the areas where dreaming and waking, per- 
ception and projection, ordinary and non-ordinary reality meet. 
Participants consider the practical implications of becoming who 
they are and the effects of transpersonal awakening in their lives. 

Frances Vaughan Clark. Ph.D.. is a clinical psychologist in 
private practice. Fresident of the Association for Transpersonal 
Psychology, and Associate Editor of the Journal of Transpersonal 
Psychology , she has taught at growth centers in the U.S. and Europe. 
Lecture: April 30. Fri. 7:30 P.M. 85.00 
Workshop: May 1. Sat. 10-6P.M.825 



A Psychic Weekend 

With Dr. Milan Ryzl 



An introduction to parapsychology and psychic phenomena seen 
through the eyes of a scientist who is humanistically oriented, 
This workshop will embrace such topics as ESP, biofeedback and 
altered states of consciousness, contemporary advances in ESP 
research, parapsychology and cybernetics, and parapsychology in 
Communist count ries. 
Workshop - Hay 8. Sat. - 10-6 P.M. - 825 ^ 

ESP and spiritual development is the central theme of this workshop 
which emphasizes practical exercises in hypnosis and meditation, 
designed to lead to a conducive psychic state of consciousness. 
We will combine the theoretical and eaperiential aspects of psi, 
and will deal with parapsychology as related to religion. Either 
or both workshops may be taken, as each deals with different 
aspects of psi, and are complete per se. 
Workshop - Mav Q, Sun. 10-6-825 

Milan Ryzl, Ph.D, hailed as "creator of psychics" in the best- 
seller, "Psychic Discoveries Behind the Iron Curtain" , was the 
first scientist to publish scientific data on parapsychology in 
Communist countries. He holds a doctorate in physics and chemistry, 
and is internationally renowned. His course in parapsychology at 
San Diego State college was the 1st. course for credit in the West, 
initiated the growth of parapsychology courses offered at U.S. Un- 
iversities. He has written 5 books on psychic phenomena and 100 
articles. 



The Impact of Psychedelics 
On Art: Traditionals Modern 



As an anthropologist working in the area of psychedelic plants in 
traditional societies, Dr. de Rios has observed the use of LSD-like 
substances in healing, witchcraft, religion and divination. This 
one-day workshop will focus on the impact of such powerful sub- 
stances both in contemporary and so-called primitive societies on 
the creative process, and particularly, the plastic arte. Slides of 
non-Western societies and some contemporary American artists whose 
work has been influenced by psychoactive drugs will be presented. 

Marlene Dpbkin de Rios is a post -doctoral fellow in the Medical 
Anthropology Program at UC, San Francisco, where she is researching 
methods to study the cultural patterns of consciousness. She has 
conducted field research in the Peruvian Amazon on psychedelic folk 
healing.- Her book, Visionary Vine chronicles the year's experience. 
Her next book, The Wilderness of Mind: Sacred Plants in Cross-Cul- 
tural Perspective will soon be released. 
Workshop-May 15. Sat.- 10 A.M. - 6 P.M. -825.00 





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BUFFET LUNCHEON INCLUDED IN COST OF WORKSHOPS 
ADVANCE RESERVATIONS NECESSARY 



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GOOD PEOPLE \ | 




The Lovemaking Experience 

You are invited to share a deeply moving and rewarding opportunity 
to experience the pleasure of love consciousness unfolding within 
you. The Lovemaking Experience will meet you where you are sexual- 
ly and take you on a consciousness-raising trip to a space "itnin 
that you rarely allow into your awareness. As a result you will ex- 
perience yourself sexuallj in a way that is clearer, higher and 
more powerful than before. Tou will use this .new consciousness to 
break through sexual limitations, and truly communicate with your 
partner on many levels. By giving yourself permission to feel sex- 
ual in a safe atmoshere and by linking your energy to a new con- 
scious awareness of being one with your source, you will connect 
with the power to transform your consciousness into the experience 
called love. The Lovemaking Experience will change your life sex- 
ually by expanding your consciousness to include the all-beautiful 
source of our vital energy, conscious love I 

Tom Durkln. N.A. . is a licensed marriage and family counsellor 
specializing in sex therapy since 1975. He is Director of the 
North Berkeley Counselling Service, and a recent Fisher-Hoffman 
graduate. Formerly a Roman Catholic priest, married and father of 
a five year old son, he is no stranger to the search each of us 
shares for the " Lovemaking Experience" . 
Workshop - May 22. Sat. 10 A.M . - b P.M. - 825.00 



I Ching: Intuitive Process and its Application in Life 

Using the I Ching as a focus, we will participate in ways of ac- 
knowledging and utilizing the deep sense of knowledge within us. 
Using the I Ching as a touchstone, we will experience more clearly 
the act of seeing life choices, taking responsibility for right 
action in our daily practice. We will learn specifically of the 
I Ching as a second language of the unconscious, through inner im- 
agery, painting, and relationship within and with our lives. Ac- 
quaintance with I Ching helpful, not necessary. 

Dominie Cappadonna . a Ph.D. candidate, has had ten years in coun- 
selling, training in Gestalt Art, Jungian studies, Eastern philo- 
sophy and research on the I Ching. 
Workshop - June 5. Sat. 10 A.M. - 6 P.M. - 82^.00 



3-Day Sahaj Yoga Seminar/Workshop" 



"Recent Discoveries In Energy Yoga " will be the introductory top- 
ic to a two day intensive Sahaj Yoga workshop led hv Yogeshwar 
Muni (Charles Berner). 
Lecture-June 11 Fri. - 7:^0 P.M. - 85.00 



Saturday Sahal Yoga Workshop 

Opening discussion on the psychology of spiritual surrender and 
Sahaj Yoga's role in growth - Experimental group chanting, inter- 
spersed with short talks about "bhakti" (devotion). Exploring and 
experiencing the concept of'Shakti" (divine energy). Theory and 
practice of the various steps of yoga, culminated by group chant. 

Sunday Sahaj Yoga Workshop 

Exploration of the ancient psycho-physical technioues of "Kund- 
alini" - Group chant - Discussion on willful practices - The 
esoteric meaning of love and divine energy, and receptivity of 
same. Discussion on qualifications and the two Paths - Chanting. 

Sat. 8. Sun.. Workshops. June 12-1?. 10-6 P.M. 825 
Yogeshwar Muni (Charles Berner )- Formally trained as a physicist, 
he worked for the National Bureau of Standards for 11 years, and 
did research and training in human communication and ability dev- 
elopment. He founded and directed the Institute of Ability from 
1965 - 1972, and is presently director of the Sanatana Dharma Found- 
ation to administer the teaching of Sanatana Dharma (Eternal Way) 
to the West. He regularly holds satsang, scripture classes, lectures, 
Enlightenment Intensives, Sahaj Yoga Seminars and Shaktipat retreats. 



PAGE 3 




GOOD TIMES 



Intuition and Sychronicity 

The content of this workshop consists of experiential exercises de- 
signed to expand consciousness and to reach that center of object- 
ive awareness within from which we can know and work on ourselves 
from a new perspective. It will include meditation exercises, hyp- 
nosis, guided imagery and fantasy, dream work, and actual practice 
at "tuning in" to specific problems of group members by using the 
faculty of intuition. We will be encouraged to apply this new aware- 
ness into our own lives. 

Mary Jane Ledvard. Ph.D . , is a clinical psychologist in private 
practice with advanced training in clinical -hypnosis, Reichian 
therapy, psychosynthesis, and Jin Shin Jyutsu (an ancient oriental 
healing art similar to acupressure). She has presented papers at 
national and international conferences, and conducted seminars in 
the U.S. She is a faculty member of Chapman College, and the field 
faculty of the Humanistic Psychology Institute. 
One day workshop-June 19. Sat: 10-6 P.M. 825 

Dimensional 

Speed Reading 

Are you reading as well and fast as you should? Do you have to 
re-read to comprehend well? Do you get bored easily and quickly 
forget what you read? Would you like to expand your vocabulary? 
Would you like to read more, but can*t seem to find time? If 
your answer to any or all of the above questions is "yes", then 
Dimensional Speed Reading can help YOU. It is a simple method 
anyone can learn with self-application by using these proven 
techniques after completing this brief but intensive and dynamic 
course in reading proficiency. Dimensional Speed Reading can 
triple your present reading rate, improve retention and compre- 
hension, increase vocabulary and assist you in organization of 
reading and writing materials. You will develop better study 
habits as a result. This course has been given successfully in 
business, industry, and individuals intent on career advance- 
ment or study. The curriculum is of a broad, general and enjoy- 
able nature. 

Joyce Turley, M.A., is a leading innovator in the reading eff- 
iciency field with a 25 year teaching background. She holds 
degrees from Penn State and University of Oklahoma. She is 
active in sports and has trained Billy Jean King in her tech- 
niques, in addition to directing two international tennis 
tournaments. Recently she has been conducting a study comparing 
eye-mind-hand co-ordination skills in sports to more effective 
reading habits. She has taught thousands of businessmen, students, 
and the general public through national programs to improve and 
enjoy the art of reading. 
2 Day Workshop, June26-27, Sat-Sun. 10-5 P.M. S60 








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PAGE 4 

Dr. Gardner Murphy 
Award Fund 

Heart Haue would like to ask all who are becoming more aware 
of the possible potential horrors of being incarcerated in the 
impersonal environs of the average hospital, to contribute to 
the Gardner Murphy Award Fund . 

It has been brought to our attention by Dr. Lois Murphy that 
her husband, the world-renowned psychologist -parapsychologiet , Dr 
Gardner Murphy, has been subjected to unnecessary careless and 
inhumane "treatment", resulting in severe psycho-physiological 
trauma, following his stay at two hospitals. 

Dr. Murphy, whose Parkinsonian symptoms complicated by a 
broken hip, was hospitalized, underwent an operation which re- 
sulted in heart failure. Susequently an emergency gasterostomy 
and tracheotomy were performed, resulting in endless painful 
experiences, and finally acute brain syndrome, following a series 
of valiun shots. According to Lois Murphy, "Medicare, Blue Cross, 
and Blue Shield pressurize hospitals to get people out as fast 
as possible", and one advisory committee recommended a nursing 
home. 

Fortunately the Murphys have had recourse to some humanistic- 
ally oriented doctors, who recognize all the dynamics of his 
delicate condition, and have insisted on "home -hospital" care 
as a requisite for his survival. 

Those who know and love Dr. Murphy and have been influenced 
by his prolific and brilliant contributions in the fields of 
psychology and parapsychology, will be glad to know that he is 
gradually recuperating due to the constant, loving care given 
him by his wife and a 2k hour nurse. The doctors say that he 
would have not survived without this type of home care. He is 
now alert, holds conferences with colleagues on prospective 
books and seminars, and enjoys classical music with his family. 
This kind of care however, is very costly. 

The Gardner Murphy Award Fund was begun by Helen Lynd, and 
we were apprised at Heart Haus by Dr. Stanley Krippner, Dr. 
Murphy's long time dear friend and colleague. The fund was 
established to defray the exorbitant cost of a "home-hospital", 
and to enable Dr. Murphy to remain in a world which he has 
improved a great deal, for as long as his destiny decrees. To 
those of you who would enjoy participating in a tiny part of 
that great destiny, and who feel that this is a wise and human- 
istic alternative to deal with the hazardous health condition 
of Gardner Murphy, please send your contribution (tax deducti- 
ble), no matter how small, to: 

Garrino" Kurphy Award Fund _ 



c/o Heart "Hans 

•eenhill Road 
Mill Valley, Ca. 9W.1 




Stanley Krippner 

Song of 
the siren 

A parapsychological 
odyssey 



No haunted houses or bloody apparitions 
frequent this scientific history of 
parapsychology, only the first rays of 
light in the dark countries of the mind. 
The last 20 years of research into psi 
appear here by the only person who 
could have written about them. Krippner, 
among the earliest scientistsin the field, 
traces the dramatic story of the search for 
truth, from the first tentative probes to 
his own work at the world-famous 
Maimonides Dream Laboratory into the 
effects of various states of consciousness 
on psi. He writes of the struggle against 
the bias of established scientists, early 
experiments with hypnosis, the 
convulsive effects of the 60s' drug scene 
(especially LSD) on the field, and the 
growing acceptance of psi research. 




CARDNIR MURPHY seas Dircctoi ol Research 
Mcnningei luiindaiion far 15 years ..ml is now a 
Prnfcwoi .'i Psychology at George Washington Univcrsit) 
.- oi ihc first senior American psychologists to 
< attention in parapsychology. He has served as 
president »l both the American Psychological Association 
and the Societ* fai Psychical Research, and was given the 
\i>\\ Cold Medal Award in 1973. Among liis majoi 
hooks are Personality I Btosocial Approach, and 
Human Palailialiltm. 



Heart Haue offere work-workehop 
exchanges. If you are interested in 
attending our workshops in exchange 
for a weekend of work , please con- 
tact us and advise us of your special 
skills, talents and expertise in any 
field. We are presently interested in 
locating good carpenters, construction 
people to help add on a dormitory wing 

Call or write: 

Heart Haus 

968 Greenhill Road 

Mill Valley, CA. 9491*1 



Let's celebrate Easter, Christ's resurrection, 
With a joyful heart . . . prayer and reflection. 




Three psychic 
lectures set 
at Heart Haus 



A series of three programs on 

Esychic subjects will be given at 
[eart Haus, 968 Greenhill Road, 
Mill Valley, beginning with a lecture 
at 7:30 p.m. Friday (Aug. 8) by Dr. 
Stanley Krippner of New York City. 

The "Spectrum Unlimited" offer- 
ings at Heart Haus, a newly estab- 
lished center focusing on parapsy- 
chology and transpersonal 
psychology, will continue with a day 
long workshop on Extra Sensory 
perception conducted by Dr. Milan ^$. 
Ryzl, former research associate for 
the Parapsychology Laboratory at 
Duke University in Durham, N.C., 
and Martha Shakti Harlin, psychic 
research expert and founder of 
Heart Haus. The workshop will be- 8 
gin at 10 a.m. and continue until 6 \ 
p.m. Aug. 16. The $30 registration ; 
fee includes luncheon. 

Dr. Rama Krishna Rao, chairman 
of the psychology and parapsycholo- 
gy departments at Andhra Universi- 
ty, India will present a two day 
seminar on psychic phenomena 
from 7 to 10 p.m. Aug. 18, and from 
10 a.m. to 6 p.m. Aug. 19. The 
combined day and night seminars, 
emphasing philosophic and psychol- 
ogical findings of Eastern and West- 
ern cultures, require a registration 
fee of $35. 

A fee of $3.00 for those registering 
in advance and $3.75 at the door is 
being asked for Dr. Krippner's open- 
ing lecture. 

Ms. Harlin, with the assistance of 
Maurice Quirk, a former Trappist 
monk, established Heart Haus this 
summer. She has been associated 
with the American Society for Psy- 
chic Research and the Maimondes 
Dream Laboratory in New York 
City and has conducted conferences 
at the Esalen Institute in Big Sur. 

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14 Jlnftrprnftr-nt-3lournal. Thurs., Nov. 6. 1975 

Author-philosopher to speak 
at Heart Haus workshops 



Joseph Chilton Pearce. 
forme New Yorker now liv- 
ing in Ojai. author of "The 
Crack in the Cosmic Egg" 
and "Exploring the Cosmic 
Egg," will give a lecture 
and two workshops as a part 
of the Spectrum Unlimited 




series presented at Heart 
Haus in Mill Valley, this 
weekend. 

Pearce. a teacher, theolo- 
gian and philsopher, will 
lecture tomorrow at 7:30 
p.m., followed by a wine 
and cheese^ reception. 

Workshops on "The Magi- 
cal Child" will be given 
from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. 
Saturday (Nov. 8). and "The 
Cosmic Egg" from 10 a.m. 
to 5 p.m. Sunday (Nov. 9). 

"The Magical Child" ap- 
proaches child development 
from a natural and genetic 
view, opposing "the intent 
of nature to the intentions of 
culture." "The Cosmic 
Egg" workshop explores the 



nature and intention of hu- 
man life, and the relation- 
ship of man and planet. 

Heart Haus is a center 
focusing on parapsychology 
and transpersonal psycholo- 
gy. It was established six 
months ago by Martha 
Shakti Harlin, psychic re- 
search expert, with the as- 
sistance of Maurice Quirk, a 
former Trappist monk. 

A fee of $10 is being asked 
for the Friday evening lec- 
ture, and $35 per person is 
asked for each of the day 
long workshops. This in- 
cludes luncheon and an op- 
portunity for participants to 
receive counseling regard- 
ing their own lives. 



■-' New Center: Heart Haus 



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Heart Haus, a new center located in Mill Valley, 
California, plans to present three programs during 
October and November. The precise dates have not 
been confirmed at this time. Prospective participants 
are requested to write or phone for further details. 

The programs will feature Salvador Roquet of the 
Instituto de Psycosinthesis in Mexico City, who will 
present the multisensory bombardment raafchods with 
which he has obtained such amazing and rmd results 
in the quickening of higher consciousness. Roquet who, 
in the words of WalterClark, is "one of the world's 
most gifted psychiatrists/', employs Western theories 
and techniques with the wisdom of Mexican Indian 
Shamans with whom he enjoys a rapport. Roquet's 
appearance at Heart Haus will afford a unique oppor- 
tunity to people interested in learning his techniques 
and will be his only appearance in the Bay Area. 

The other Heart Haus programs will present Milan 

Ryzl and Buryl Payne in a combined workshop, and 

Harry Seagal of the Integrated Therapy Institute in r/^^c d^f earc h ^j^ He 






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Los Angeles. Ryzl and Payne will deal with the area op ff) ^ * e »'e/-ff a,? d /, toy- 

of psychic development utilizing the frontiers of Su °ject 

science with such tools as hypnosis, biofeedback and 

grounding techniques from bioenergetics and polarity 

therapy. 

Harry Seagal's program is called Encounter Workshop 
on ESP and will cover theory, experience and develop- 
ment 



All hi 



leader 




in potential workshop leaders are invit 
contact Heart Haus and advise us of your area of 
activities and as to when we could negotiate weekend 
programs at Heart Haus. For further information 
phone or write Heart Haus, 968 Greenhill Road, Mill 
Valley, California 94941; 41 5-383-4859. A 



14/76 



Dear Tim, 



WELCOME! Just in case ww don't heve a chance to chat, I'd like 
to relay to you how wonderful it was to have the opportunity to put 
our signatures on the last and successful petition gotten up by Bob 
Wilson... I'm sure no one at the original declaration signing felt 
more motivated! 

We were bringing Salvador Roquet with us, but he called and said 
he was to be in Central America until arriving next week to do our 
Heart Haus workshop. However, Bob will attend that, and perhaps a 
later meeting can be arranged. 

You may not remember me ( we met years ago in N.Y.C., when T 
was involved in parapsychology research aab Maimonides Med. Center 
with Stan Krippner and you were |tp to a lot of other things ), but 
if you still have the AHP newsletter devoted to a eulogy of YOU by 



Walter Clark, a dear friend of ours,, 
for him in that issue. 



.you will notice I did the same 



Walter has been here to give workshops and other things on a 
number of occassions, and we have spoken about you always. You cer- 
tainly did have a "warrior" in Walter and his unswerving loyalty. 
We hope you will be able to come to Heart Haus sometime in the near 
future. Enclosed is a past program, which will give you an idea of 
what we are up to. . .eclectic approaches to the ONE. ..also, the 
symbol of Heart Haus, which I would like you to have. 



Much love and success in your new Life, 



Martha & Maurice 
HeaK Haus 



\> -^ < ^^ c -o-Vo ^-C5C <^ -^*^3^ s 







/< VKV, 



tel. (M5) 383-^859 



HEART HAUS presents in its ongoing series, 

SPECTRUM UNLIMITED 



A SPECIAL WEEKEND WITH DR. SALVADOR ROQUET 



Dr. Salvador Roquet, ground-breaking pioneer in the use of Shamanic 
practices and psycho-active plants in psychotherapy, and head of the 
Albert Schweitzer Association in Mexico City, will present a Friday 
evening lecture and subsequent Saturday workshop on the development 
of an excitingly new and wholistic approach to emotional and mental 
well-being. 

Dr. Roquet developed his uniquely effective techniques after years 
of carefully studying and participating in the Shamanic rites and 
ceremonies of Mexico's indigenous peoples. Psycho synthesis, Roquet's 
name for his approach ( unrelated to Roberto Assiagoli's Psychosyn- 
thesis ), combines Shamanic disciplines with orthodox Western models 
of psychiatry into a truly transcultural psychotherapy. The judici- 
ously employed role of sensory bombardment, marathon, ritual, and 
psychoactive plants in this highly successful therapy will be fully 
explored. Parallels with Western scientific thought and the philo- 
sophical concepts of Mexico's Indians as depicted in Carlos Castan- 
eda's four books about Don Juan, the Yaqui sorcerer, will be discussed 
While the workshop will be of special interest to professionals and 
paraprofessionals, it is open to and has much to offer the humanist- 
ically and transpersonally oriented layman. Dr. Roquet will deal with 
the therapeutic potential and practical application of sensory over- 
load and group demand characteristics in psychotherapy. Necessary 
preconditions for and methods of altering or modifying belief systems 
will be presented. Rare slides and films, accompanied by Shamanic 
ceremonial and ritual chants will be used to depict the esoteric pro- 
cedures discussed. Illustrations of people in profoundly altered 
states of consciousness, and the highly refined, primitive and sym- 
bolic art evolved as a result of those states will also be shown. 
The essential meaning and value of mystical and transpersonal exper- 
iences at the heart of human nature changing personality at its core 
will be topics for in depth exploration by this most brilliant and 
sensitive psychiatric pioneer. Dr. Roquet will be ably assisted by 
his long time friend and associate, the gifted artist, Fred de Keijer. 

According to Drs. 'Stanley Krippner, Walter Clark, Harvey Cox, and 
others familiar with his amazing methods, "Dr. Roquet is the out- 
standing pioneer of our time in his particular field of therapy." 

Dr. Roquet's appearance at Heart Haus will be the only one in Marin 
County on his world tour, and will be given on the following dates. 



LECTURE FOLLOWED BY WINE AND CHEESE RECEPTION 
FRIDAY, AUGUST 20, 7 P.M. thru ? 



COST $10.00 



SIMULATED PSYCHEDELIC WORKSHOP 
SATURDAY, AUGUST 21, 10-5 P.M. 



COST $30.00 



Make checks payable to : 



HEART HAUS CENTER 
968 Greenhill Rd. 
Mill Valley, CA.949M 



England Doesn 

Sex-Scan 



Asheville. N.C 

Joyce McKinney, the honey- 
blonde former beauty queen who 
was the center of a headline- 
grabbing sex story in Great Britain, 
entered a courtroom giggling and 
smiling yesterday but left nearly in 
tears after she was ordered to 
undergo phychiatric testing. 

McKinney. who was accused by 
a Mormon missionary of shackling 
him to a bed with fur-lined mana- 
cles and forcing him to have sex 
with her in an English cottage, was 
in court for a bond hearine on 
federal charges that she used a 
false name to obtain a passport. 

Sir Thomas Hetherington, Bri- 
* sh Director of Public Prosecu- 
tions, said in London that there 
would be no attempt to extradite 
McKinney to England to face 
charges there. 

McKinney, a 28-year-old native 
?ry County, N.C., wa 



San Francisco <D|romde 5 

* Thurs., July 19, 1979 



hEhmer 



[which 

p the 
|)U can 
i to try 



Pope's Guard 
Locks Up 
A Reporter 

Vatican City . , 

Vatican journalists expressed 
indignation last night after a col- 
league was locked in a bathroom b y 
a Vatican security guard. 

Spanish television reporter Pal- 
oma Gomez Borrero, who has been 
accredited to the Vatican as a 
reporter for many years and who 
was carrying her credentials with 
her said the plainclothes guard 
locked her up after she refused his 
orders to climb a ladder onto a 
nearby televisionjtf 

Gomez Borrero was shut in a 

[lavatory on the side of St. Peter's 

Square while Pope John Paul II was 

driven past on his way to a weekly 

i general audience. 

She said she refused to climb 
the ladder because she did not like 
heights and was wearing a skirt and 
did not want to make a pubhc 
display in front of the 25,000 
pilgrims waiting in the square. 

Journalists who work at the 
Vatican have frequently com- 
plained about the heavy-handed 
behavior of Vatican security 

g uards - Rvuter'i 



Patty's Secret — 
She Trains Beagles 



Patricia Hearst Shaw, 
former federal prisoner, has 
been a beagle trainer for sever- 
al weeks in San Carlos, working 
on what her boss called a 
"secret project" that will "revo- m 
lutionize" the flop-eared can-^ 
ine's image. 

"She has a terrific rapport 
with the dogs," Bob Outman, 
owner of the Prion Animal 
institute, said yesterday. 

The institute, he said, is 
involved in training and selling 
dogs and studying all aspects of 
dog life. 

Outman said the newspaper 
heiress started July 1 and works 
odd hours, receiving the pay of 
an "inter n animal train er." 

Outman refused to say 
what the secret beagle project 
is. 



"Let me tell you, it's a 
million-dollar idea I thought of 
a year and a half ago," he 
disclosed. "Bigger than guide 
dogs. Bigger than police dogs. 
This is a consumer idea , and 
"everyone — including you — 
win want one or our Deagies." 



Outman said the current 
crop of beagles began training 
as nine-week-old puppies and 
will graduate fully trained as 6- 
month-old dogs in about a 
month. 

Hearst is working with dogs 
now in their third week of 
training. 

Outman said he first met 
Hearst in 1977, when she was 
free on bail pending appeal of 
her conviction for bank rob- 
bery. Hearst's father, Randolph, 
had called Outman and asked 
him to train a guard dog for his 
daughter. 






fc*> 



&E Can Raise Rate 




Honeymoons 
Return to China 



Beijing 



Honeymoons, denounced 
during the Cultural Revolution 
as a "bourgeois way of life," 
have made a comeback in 
China, with the lakeside resort 
of Hangzhou being one of the 
most popular choices for the 
country's newlyweds. 

The New China News Agen- 
cy said yesterday that Hang- 
zhou has several hotels catering 
to honeymoon couples. 



"These hotels have special- 
ly furnished rooms decorated 



with flowers and red papercuts 
of the 'double happiness' sign," 
and since this spring, 1400 peo- 
ple have honeymooned there, it 
said. 



It quoted a newly married 
policeman as saying: "Before we 
came, we were prepared for the 
worst, such as having to sleep 
separately in rooms for single 
men and women. 



"We are so surprised to 
find special service for honey- 
mooners." 

Reuters 



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Joyce Mckinney waved to reporters as she and co-defendant 
Joseph May entered federal court 





m 


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■■..''■.".-'" 





I.S. to Hitler's 
and listeners turned away. To- 
day, as Jimmy Carter acknowledges, the 
country faces recession, popular distrust 
of big corporations and the existence of a 
sizable underclass. And still most Amer- 
icans can imagine no more radical cures 
than those of a 19th century liberal like 
Ralph Nader, who wants to make the sys- 
tem work by correcting its flagrant abus- 
es. Moreover, in the left-wing view, the 
turbulent '60s and the Great Society de- 
bacle have left Americans fearful of any 
threat to political stability and distrustful 
of Government. 



TIME. AUGUST 6. 1979 



Potential dynamite detector? 

experimental evidence that something 
quite extraondbiary happened then," says 
Physics NoWT Laureate Luis Alvarez, 
who gave his son a helping hand. A su- ,, 
pernova that could have wiped oufTrie di- 



pvi uwva inn l vwuiu iiu>v vmwvu uui lilt Ul" 

nosaurs? "A very smali probability." savs 

A 1 1 »rt «*AT HAUfl A Ion «,-»^%^- • l-i 1 .-» Is..* ^ «~ —. — .-. l_ 



nosttui^: /\ very smau proDaouity, says 
Alvarez pere. Also possible but improb- 
able: a cloud of interstellar gas or a large 
meteorite. On with the parlor game. ■ 

Sniffing Gerbil 

A rodent for bombs 

ttjgv mav be, gerbils 







a 



Volunteer" Joins Search For Victims 



Photo by Sieve Ceilro 



A victim of Army drug experimentation 
recounted his two months at Edgewood 
Arsenal in Maryland to help initiate a 
campaign by the American Citizens for Honesty in 
Government (ACHG) to find some of those 
exposed to an Army Chemical called "BZ". 
Introduced by ACHG spokesman, Steve Young, 
>b?V 



who characterized the Army's 30 years of drug 
experiments as being worse than crimes for which 
Nazi doctors were hung at Nuremburg, "Richard" 
stated he had volunteered for the program under 
the belief that he was to test weapons rather than 
weapons testing him. 
"We heard about infra-red and sniper scopes 



and all sorts of equipment that was exciting in 
1967," Richard stated. "We never knew it was for 
drugs to be experimented on us as human guinea 

pigs." 

Working today as a Los Angeles executive, 
Richard asked that his last name not be used. 
olease turn to back page 




lern equivalents. Tickets 
ipic events, which cost anywhere 
rrom $3 to $38, are extra. 

After covering the first week of Spar- 
tak.ad I in Moscow, Time Sports Editor 
BJ. Phillips offered some survival tips for 
Olympic travelers. 

"The sports facilities are impressive 
the amenities anything but. Toilets are 
tew, far between and largely unsanitary 
Every mother's advice has never been 
more apropos: 'Go to the bathroom be- 
fore you leave." Bring a seat cushion 
-most of the stands are bleacher-style 
seating— and a pair of powerful binocu- 
lars to use in the immense stadiums If 
possible, take taxis, buses and subways 
Don t drive yourself: street signs are al- 
most all in Russian and left turns are il- 
legal in Moscow. Above all, be patient- 
ly hile Westerners fretted about lan- 
WWguage difficulties and transport; 
tion, Soviet officialdom worriec' 
about sinister influences. ~ ~" - 
Moscow City Comi 
Member Vil 
shoul 







I - • 



E%®g<8&zm 






rTom buses, trains. 



ril 



Little Green Monsters 
Threatening Wildlife 



y 

LOS ANGELES (AP) - Little green 
monsters with claws are escaping from science 
labs and fleeing to California ponds and rivers 
where they eat anything they can swallow or 
tear apart, joining a list of problems officials 
have blamed on Proposition 13. 

Thousands, maybe millions, of 5-inch 
African clawed frogs are threatening to wipe out 
wildlife — including some endangered species — 
in at least five California counties, state Depart- 
ment of Fish and Game spokesman James St. 
Amant said Thursday. 

Although the tadpoles are vulnerable, the 
mature frogs have no known natural enemies 
here because they taste bad, he added. 

"We tried feeding them to large-mouth bass, 
but the bass spit them out because the frogs 
taste so bad," he said. "We even tried them out 
on alligators, and the alligators spit them out, 
too. 

"I doubt if we'll ever be able to get rid of 
them." he said. "We're losing ground because of 
the Proposition 13 cutbacks." 

The Proposition 13 budget cuts, St. Amant 
said, mean his staff has been unable to spend 
time emptying dozens of wire nets used to trap 
the greenish-brown frogs in ponds. The traps 
had been collecting up to 20 clawed frogs apiece 
and required daily checks. 

George McCammon, who administers the 
department's invertebrate section, said no funds 
were cut in the agency. He said, however, that 
Gov. Edmund Brown jr. ordered a hiring freeze 
immediately after the November passage of 
Proposition 13. which limited the amount of 
money local governments could collect in prop- 
erty taxes. Brown also cut back state spending 
in keeping with the spirit of the vote. 

The trap-emptying job is done mostly by 



temporary employees who include students and 
seasonals. But until last month when the freeze 
on seasonals and temporaries was lifted, they 
couldn't be hired even if the agency had -the 
"money, McCammon said. 

It was not immediately clear what impact 
lifting the freeze would have on the situation. 

The frogs, brought to this country after 
World War II for use in pregnancy tests, could 
become a threat elsewhere, St. Amant said. 

"They eat anything they can swallow or tear 
apart with their claws — native fish, frogs, 
toads — even bullfrog eggs," he said. "They're 
like garbage disposals." 

Scientists at one time injected female frogs 
with women's urine to see if the frogs would lay 
eggs, indicating that the women were pregnant, 
St. Amant said. 

When scientists found that African clawed 
frogs were no more useful in such testing than 
native frogs, the aquatic animals were sold for a 
short time in pet shops. St. Amant said it is now 
illegal to keep clawed frogs as pets in California 
and most other western states. 

They currently are used for scientific experi- 
ments, and often escape from labs by climbing 
out of their tanks and hop-footing it to the 
nearest pond or river, officials said. 

The clawed frogs, which live an average of 
at least four years, proliferate quickly and prey 
on such endangered species as the unarmored 
three-spined stickleback fish, a native of the 
Santa Clara River in Los Angeles County, 
officials said. In addition to Los Angeles County, 
the frogs are a problem in Orange, Riverside, 
San Diego and Yolo counties. 

St. Amant said he discovered the clawed 
frogs in 1969, while searching an Orange County 
pond for Japanese loach fish. 



No Rewards In Busnapping 



IADERA (AP) - Claims 

>wchilla busnapping 

£ate reward have 

though a 

.'baf- 

ze 



The governor offered a re- 
ward for the arrests and con- 
victions of the kidnappers the 
day after the 26 elementary 
school childr en anrLt hpir bus 
driver escar, 
thorities ti 



in which they had been confined 
for 17 hours. 

The van was tracedJM 

Frederick Woods, one^kefrw 

"~ ^ a ^cUons. 



union? 
encoui 
negotii, 
work 
The 
state LI 
lationsj 
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all pa 1 
resolv 



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shootirj 
Acade 
walkir 
Eugene ' 

An! 
ThursdcJ 
two CO)( 

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of mun.j 
during 
city's fj 
wereo] 
and H 



The Marrying Kim 

The men of Kenya were worried: a 
new government bill threatened to restrict 
their right to marry as many wives as they 
could afford. Though polygamy would re- 
main legal, according to legislation that 
was debated in Nairobi's Parliament last 
week, a man would be required to get per- 
mission from his first wife before marry- 
ing a second one. In addition, the new bill 
would make wife beating a crime. 

Attorney General Charles Njonjo, 
who drafted the bill, is personally op- 
posed to polygamy on the ground that it 
is "a luxury and too expensive." His 
compromise marriage law was designed 
to be more acceptable to Kenya's par- 
liamentarians, the majority of whom are 
polygamists. Even so. many of them had 
serious reservations. Kimunai arap Soi, 
an MP. representing one of the Ka- 



lenjin tribal areas, charged that the bill 
would make it impossible to teach wives 
"manners" by beating them. "Even slap- 
ping your wife would be out." he fumed 
He was eloquently supported by another 
male member. Wafula Wabuge. who said 
that African women loved their men 
more when they were slapped, "for then 
the wives call you darling." Grace On- 
yango. one of four women in the 170- 
member assembly, ventured to point out 
that sometimes a mere "slap" could 
break a wife's jaw. 

Arguing that the proposed legislation 
was "very un-African." Arap Soi warned 
that "we are moving too far. too fast in 
Kenya." He need not have worried: Par- 
liament by an overwhelming majority, 
shelved the bill for six months. For 
the time being, therefore, Kenyans may 
continue to slap as many wives as they 
can afford 



TIME. AUGUST 6. 1979 




Drug "Volunteer" 

—from page 1 

"Looking back, I'm sure there are many others who 
are reluctant to talk about it. But perhaps if there 
were more that could step forward and reconstruct 
the collective consciousness of Edge wood. 
Americans would understand what happened and 
we could keep it from happening again." 

Young pointed out that not one official has ever 
been indicted for the human experimentation 
program extending over the past 30 years. Young 
hit the discriminatory non- prosecution of federal 
officials saying that, "Documentation now abounds 
that could convict dozens of officials for crimes no 
different than those for which Nazis were hung at 
Nuremburg." 

Richard commented that he was one of the 
extremely lucky ones. "The Edgewood programs 
are a Catch-22 to investigate," he said. "It is not 
easy to remember even what happened. We were 
exposed to drugs and chemicals that threw us onto 
the brink of insanity and those who suffered the 
most may completely be incapable of responding to 




this call." 

The Los Angeles executive said he underwent 
several tests at the Maryland center in 1967 ranging 
from being exposed to a chemical in a field that had 
been, sprayed two months before yet was still 
powerful enough to send him running in fear, to a 
hallucenogenic that completely erased his 
memory of what happened. "We were put into a 
gymnasium that was a massive padded cell," he 
described. "The floors and walls were padded and 
four of us were injected with something that took 
instantaneous effect. Before I forgot what 
nappened the next day, I remember one man 
running around the gym tearing his clothes off. 
What I experienced was /jeyond words/and 
something 1 would n ever wish on anyone/ 
"~ Young said the AL-r1(j is concentrating on a 
search for those who had been given a drug known 
as "BZ" that has been described as ten times more 
powerful than LSD with effects lasting up to 80 
hours. The drug is currently stockpiled in aerial 
bombs in the Pine Bluff Arsenal in Arkansas. Over 
2,000 men were given the drug but no followup 
studies had been done to determine the long range 
effects of the hallucinogenic. 

The ACHG has already found Edgewood 
participants in Los Angeles, Detroit, and 
Washington, D.C. ... in the last few days. "We 
hope each of them will be able to lead us to others," 
Young said. The ACHG is going to offer medical 
examinations to those coming forward to 
determine if there have been lasting effects. "We 
have found a pattern of partial amnesia thus far," 
he stated. "But it will take a thorough examination 
to determine what else may have happened." 

A musician in Washington DC. told the ACHG 
he has been unable to remember lyrics since 
undergoing testing in 1961 

Young stated the ACHG will be offering legal 
assistance for a possible class action suit on behalf 
of the human experimentation victims while 
seeking criminal prosecution of federal officials 
responsible. 

The ACHG has been exposing federal "mind 
control" programs by obtaining documentation 
under the Freedom of Information Act that 
revealed the extent of the top secret program that 
was initiated 30 years ago and which was funded 
heavily by the intelligence agencies to dominate 
human behavior. 

The Army reportedly ceased its experimentation 
in 1975 after close cooperation with the CIA's 
program code-named "MK-ULTRA". 

Anyone having been tested on at Edgewood 
Arsenal, Maryland between 1950-1075 is asked to 
contact ACHG, 414 Mason, Room 501, San 
Francisco, Calif. 94102 or call (415) 391-2436: ■ 




POSTCARDS * 



trom original drawings by 

VICTORIA LYLES 



now on sale at 
BOOKSHOP S.C. 




„ 



I 



■ 



LT. UHURA 

OF 'STAR TREK' 

RECRUITS FOR 

LIFE IN SPACE 

From 1966 to 1969 actress Nichelle 
Nichols explored intergalactic space as 
Lieutenant Uhura, the sexy communi- 
cations officer aboard the starship 
Enterprise (and she's still floating 
around out there on Star Trek reruns). 
Today she is the sweetheart not just 
of Trekkies but of real astronauts 
and their bosses at NASA for her part 
in popularizing the upcoming space 
shuttle. It will be put into orbit in the 
spring of 1979. Until Nichols signed on 
to help recruit crew members for the 
shuttle last February, NASA had 
received only 1 ,500 applicants for the 
30 jobs available — 15 pilots and 15 sci- 
entists and engineers. The agency 
had expected thousands and, worse 
yet, there were'almost no applications 
from qualified women and minorities. 
Four months after Nichols' company, 
Women in Motion, Inc., was hired, 
NASA had 4,41 1 applicanfs, including 
over 200 from minorities and 470 worn- 




FEDERATION TRADING POST 



en. Deadline for applying is June 30. 

In spite of all her years aboard a TV 
studio spaceship, Nichols' romance 
with the real thing did not begin until a 
1975 Star Trek convention. "I heard Dr. 
Jesco von Puttkamer of NASA and it 
blew my mind when I found out all the 
benefits we're enjoying as a result 
of space research," Nichols says. 

She visited NASA and other space 
facilities and her enthusiasm led to the 
recruiting assignment. Von Puttkamer 
says proudly, "She spent about a 
year educating herself." 

Nichols, 44, seventh of 10 children, 
was born in Robbins, III. (a haven for in- 




Nichelle Nichols was communications officer 
Lieutenant Uhura on Star Trek. Above, she ex- 
plains the workings of an Apollo capsule model 
to schoolchildren in Cleveland. 



terracial marriages which her paternal 
grandfather helped found). She grew 
up in Chicago. An actress since 14, 
Nichols dropped out of high school to 
an acting job — and later took an exam 
to earn her diploma. Primarily a 
stage actress, she has toured in The 
Blacks and co-produced the James 
Baldwin p\ay Amen Corner. Along the 
way she was twice married and di- 
vorced. A 25-year-old son, Kyle 
Johnson, also an actor, lives with her 
in Beverly Hills. 

In spite of the recent shelving of a 
proposed feature-length film of Star 
Trek, Nichols-Uhura expects someday 
to be at the communications console 
again. She is proud of that role. "Lieu- 
tenant Uhura is a very strong and 
positive human being who lives 300 
years from now. She is pulling at me to 
open the doorway to her universe. I'm 
trying to see that we have a sound 
space program in which all people are 
represented and involved. It's good old 
IDIC — infinite diversity in infinite 
combinations." D 



49 



ATOUCH OF HYATT 

Fresh vegetables ... if they aren't fresh, 
they aren't on the menu. 



When you order vegetables at a Hyatt Hotel, 
they're fresh ... or they're not on the menu. 
It's uniquely Hyatt. Something different, 
special. Like a complimentary newspaper on 
your way to breakfast ... or a passport book 
for no-waiting-in-line checkouts. 
ATouch of Hyatt. It means we're doing what- 
ever it takes to make you want to stay with 
us. .. again. 

800-228-9000 
Gets You Hyatt. 
Worldwide. 

rp 11 f or call 

lOll aTee. your travel agent 



©; HYATT 
HOTELS 

We're looking forward for you. 




RELIGION 

month to see TM's new claim at work. But 
many were sorely disappointed, and at 
some centers there were shouts of "put 
up or shut up" from the audience. No 
demonstrations were offered, no secrets 
revealed. Instead, the spectators had 
to be content with stories from ad- 
vanced meditators on their own experi- 
ences with levitation. In order to learn 
more, they were told, they would have to 
become experienced meditators them- 
selves, then sign up for intensive training 
for up to ten weeks at $245 a week. 

Test It! Some skeptics think that TVf • 
new promise to teach "supernormal'' tal- 
ents is simply an attempt to lure more 
devotees to the movement. But true be- 
lievers point out that the Maharishi Ma- 
hesh Yogi's claims for TM have been 
doubted before — and vindicated. When 
the Maharishi introduced Transcenden- 
tal Meditation to American audiences 
twenty years ago, he described it as a 
technique that reduces stress and en- 
hances creative intelligence, and he in- 
vited scientists to test it. Soon, medical 
researchers were verifying many of TM's 
therapeutic effects. 

Levitation may be a little harder for the 
scientific community to take, because it 
seems to violate so many physical laws. 
One levitator's description of his experi- 
ence is typically mystical: "I was sitting 
on a couch and I felt a tremendous 
amount of energy go through me. Tl>-". 
?tv' bo !> :,.uvcu tfp and down two or 
three times. I thought, "What is this?' and 
the next experience I had was hearing 
my body touch the floor — about 6 feet 
away from where I had started." 

Such stories have been circulating 
among TM devotees ever since January, 
when the Maharishi told 900 teachers at 
his Swiss headquarters that the "world's 
consciousness" had been sufficiently 
raised through TM to permit the next 
step in mind-body integration. By the 
end of the course, reports Robert Oates, 
the Maharishi's biographer, 90 per cent 
of the teachers had experienced levita- 
tion, and some had even made them- 
selves invisible. Now they are ready to 
pass the flight training along to other 
devotees. As a precaution, TM officials 
are outfitting their meditation centers 
with foam-rubber coverings on the 
floors. "You don't always come down 
gently," observes Oates. 

"Gii^FiiL^.-Privau!.. ,some :;;'df:ator<: 
complain that the Maharishi is making 
them look foolish by forbidding levitators 
to demonstrate their powers in public. 
TM officials explain that they are not will- 
ing to provide spectacular displays, but 
that they hope to disarm skeptics with 
solid scientific explanations. Already, a 
team of scientists at the Maharishi Inter- 
national University in Iowa is marshaling 
evidence from current research on the 
power of brain waves. Soon, they predict, 
they will have objective proof that the 
mind can control matter, as Hindu yogis 
have always taught. 

—KENNETH L. WOODWARD with PAMELA ABRAMSON 
New York and bureau reports 



100 



Newsweek, June 13, 197' 



LIBERTARIAN EVENT 
DRAWS VARIED LOT 



BY WILLIAM ENDICOTT 

Timts Staff Wnttr 

SAN FRANCISCO- A visitor to the lobby of the Sheraton -Pa- 
lace here Thursday could be excused for thinking he had stumbled 
into a convention for either gays, prostitutes, feminists, conserva- 
tive businessmen, peaceful anarchists, political activists— or all of 
the above. 

What he was seeing was the opening session in a national con- 
vention being held this week by the Libertarian Party, a still young 
and still struggling political party made up of true believers in the 
concept that government is best which governs least. 

When the political left and the political right meet, it undoubted- 
ly will be in the neighborhood of the Libertarian Party. 

"From the outside, I guess this looks like a crazy coalition," said 
the party's national chairman, Edward II. Crane III of San Francis- 
co. "But there's a real cspirit de corps, even among the gays and 
the conservative business types." 

What apparently molds that cspirit is a simple philosophy on 
which Libertarians base their political views. 

"We believe in the right of each individual to lead his or .her life 
in the way that individual chooses, just so long as you respect the 
right of others to do the same," Crane said. 

For that reason, the party has invited a mixed bag of speakers to 
address it this week on a mixed bag of topics ranging from gay 
rights to tax resistance. 

Among the scheduled speakers are a noted political maverick 
and former Democratic presidential candidate, Eugene McCarthy; 
Timothy Leary, the one-time sultan of LSD who now advocates in- 
terplanetary migration; Margo St. James, a leading advocate for the 

Please Turn to Page 16, Col. 1 



mmmmmmm*mmmmm*Bmmmmmmmm 



w*i 



^^^^^^ 



*m 



1 6 Port I— FrL, July 15, 1977 



Hog Sfaffefetf ^t'meg 



LIBERTARIAN EVENT DRAWS VARIED LOT 



Continued from Third Page 

decriminalization of prostitution, and Doug 
Hoiles, who bills himself as a "tax revolt acti- 
vist." 

When Leary was asked by a reporter Thurs- 
day if he was a member of the Libertarian Par- 
ty, he quickly replied, "I tend to join any party 
—as long as it's fun." 

By the admission of their own leaders, it is 
"awfully remote" that the Libertarian Party 
will become a strong national political force 
anytime in the near future. 

There are a "lot of oxen that get gored" when 
talk turns to abolishing such things as Medicare 
and the public schools, Crane admitted. 

Still, the party bills itself as" the "party of 
principle," the inference being that the two ma- 
jor powers— Democrats and Republicans— have 
little or none of that, and it hopes that by 1984 it 
can field a genuine presidential threat. 



The irony of 1984 as a target date is not lost 
on party members, who know that year nor- 
mally is associated with George Orwell's famous 
novel, which promises more, not less, govern- 
ment. 

Ray Cunningham of San Francisco, the par- 
ty's California chairman, said the two major 
parties are "dominated by individuals not re- 
sponsive whatsoever to any ideology ... A 
Libertarian feels there are political principles of 
right and wrong." 

Said Cunningham: "Winning is not every- 
thing if you compromise what you stand for to 
win. A Ted Kennedy or a Richard Nixon is ca- 
pable of supporting any position if he thinks the 
majority wants it." 

In its basic form, the Libertarian view, ac- 
cording to Crane, is that government should 
function only to provide essential services such 
as police protection and national defense and 



courts to handle disputes. 

Otherwise, Crane said, Libertarians believe 
• government should stay out of people's lives, 
and that means Libertarians oppose govern- 
ment controls over personal behavior, such as 
prostitution and gambling, and also oppose gun 
controls, wiretapping, censorship, the increas- 
ing bureaucracy and taxes. 

"In short, Libertarians are the only ones who 
advocate personal and economic freedom and a 
noninter ventionist foreign policy," he said. 

The party's foreign policy is simple. "We'd 
like to be a giant Switzerland ... and not treat 
foreign policy as if it was some sort of John 
Wayne World War II movie." 

The party estimates it has only about 10,000 
members nationwide, but its 1976 presidential 
candidate, Virginia television producer Roger 
MacBride, won a spot on the ballot in 32 states 
and polled nearly 200,000 votes. 



**:»»ttF.*: 



; 



Scientists Seek 

To 'Untie' The 

Bonds Of Aging 



By MARY GANZ 

SAN FRANCISCO (AP) — Scientists study- 
ing tiny "hooks" that tie up genes and make | 
people grow old said this week that they are 
close to finding a chemical that will dissolve £ 
the bonds and reverse the aging process. ;:•: 

"I'm not interested in gaining five years fi 
here and five years there," said Dr. Joha n 
Bjorksten of Madison, Wis., a pioneer in the 
~ study of aging. "I'm shooting for the whole 
pot." 
The "whole pot," he figures, is an average 
i life expectancy of 800 years — the lifespan he 
was projected by the life insurance 
stry if everyone could stay as health 
i they are at 16 

!' added that scientists realistically could S: 
hope for only 10 per cent success, adding 80 :>| 
years to everyone's lifetime. 

Bjorksten told a news conference at the % 
American Chemical Society that aging oc- :•:• 
curs when two molecules in a gene, the basic 8 
unit of heredity, become hooked together by a 
process called cross-linking. 

iu put handcuffs on two large men, 
are hampered by it and they don't do the 
a work so well," he explained. 

:|: "Then if a I les along and you 

% handcuff him to the - d be 

•:• even more upsetting.' 

It is the same when mole. iked 

g together in this way, he said - the ceils that 
contain the molecules do not function as 

If they are skin cells, the skin becomes 
leather,'; if they are-celte 9f-an ai S 

:• artery loses its ability to expand and contract 3 
'■■ with the flow of blood, and this may lead to 
| strokes and other diseases. 

What scientists need to find, he said, is an '§■ 

• enzyme — a special kind of chemical — that £ 

will dissolve the bonds that link the molecules | 

together. When they find that, he said, they :£ 

: wiU have found a formula to reverse the U 

process of aging. :•:• 

Already they have found one enzyme that 
seems to work in most cells, he said, but, he 
added, it will be a miracle if the first one they >•: 
have tested turns out to be a magic formula $. 
for youth. :g 

Rolf Martin, a scientist from City Universi- 
ty of New York, speculated that, with inten- 
sive research, "I think we could have the the 
thing done in five to 10 years." 

He pointed out that eliminating cancer as a $•: 
cause of death would increase the average 
lifespan by only two years. 

"Fifteen to 20 years is the very least we | 
can do for ourselves," Martin said. 
. Bjorksten and Martin said that until their £ 

I research is completed, people can extend f 
£ their lives a few years by healthy living. They % 
j: added mat reports that Vitamin E slows f. 
| down the aging process have been confirmed 
| by their research, but cautioned against huge % 
$ doses of the vitamin. S 

I 1 

| $ 



log angelcs ZimtS 



Sun., July 24, 1977— Part VU 3 



Last April, while reading the papers the morning 
after the President's energy address to the nation, 
I was struck by a statement attributed to Carter's 
pollster and adviser, Patrick Caddell: "The idea 
that big is bad and that there is something good to 
smallness is something that the country has come to ac- 
cept much more today than it did 10 years ago. This has 
been one of the biggest changes in America over the 
past decade." 

Since the nation had just been exhorted to embark on 
the most herculean technological, economic and political 
enterprises, this reference to smallness seemed to me to 
be singularly inapt. Waste is to be deplored, of course, 
and inefficiency. But bigness? I had not realized that the 
small-is-beautiful philosophy had reached the White 
House. 

A few days after the Carter speech, I had an opportu- 
nity to attend a lecture by B. F. Schumacher, the author 
of "Small Is Beautiful," the book that, since its publica- 
tion in 1973, has become the Koran of the antitechnolo- 
gy movement. I listened, bemused, as Schumacher de- 
picted a United States in which each community would 
bake its own bread and develop its own resources, a na- 
tion of self-reliant craftsmen where interstate transport 
would practically disappear. 

The energy crisis could be solved, Schumacher main- 
tained, only by replacing our sprawling network of in- 
dustrial metropolises with numerous small-scale pro- 
duction centers. Schumacher's audience listened, en- 
tranced. It was clear that the energy crisis was giving 
new life to an idea which otherwise might have died a 
natural death. 

On my way home, 1 found myself thinking about a 
telephone call I had received a few weeks earlier from a 
consultant to the power industry. He was Concerned 
about an article by Amory B. Lovins, a British physicist, 
which had appeared in the October issue of Foreign Af- 
fairs. The article, which argued the small-is-beautiful 
position forcefully, had been extensively quoted in the 
international press and had been the subject of the most 
reprint requests ever received by Foreign Affairs. 

Opposition has not been slow to rally. The man who 
called me put together a collection of rebuttal essays 
prepared by people prominent in the fields of energy, 
academe, industry and labor. This imposing pamphlet 

Samuel Florman is the author of "The Existential Plea- 
sures of Engineering." His article is exerpted from Har- 
per's. 



Small May Be Beautiful, But It 
Doesn 't Really Work Very Well 



BY SAMUEL C. FLORMAN 



has been circulated in large quantities wherever its 
sponsor fears the Lovins article might have made an 
impression. It appears that the metaphysical struggle 
between small and big— reminiscent of the argument 
over the number of angels that can dance on the head of 
a pin— has become a real issue. 

The small-is-beautiful believers, as exemplified by 
the Lovins article, commence their campaign with a cri- 
tique of our existing energy technology, especially our 
nationwide grid of electrical power. The deficiencies of 
this system are obvious enough. Electricity is created in- 
huge central plants by boiling water to run generators. 
Whether the heat that boils the water is furnished by 
oil, coal, gas, nuclear energy or even by solar energy, a 
great deal of energy is wasted in the process, and even 
more is lost in transmission over long lines. By the time 
the electricity arrives in our home or factory and is put 
to use, about two -thirds of the original energy has been 
dissipated. In addition, the existence of what Lovins 
calls "the infrastructure" of the power industry itself — 
tens of thousands of workers occupying enormous office 
complexes— costs the system more energy and costs the 
consumer more money. 

Technological efficiency, however, is not a standard 
by which the small-is-beautiful advocates are willing 
to abide. Lovins makes this clear when he states that 
even if nuclear power were clean, safe and economic, 
"it would still be unattractive because of the political 
implications of the kind of energy economy it would 
lock us into." As for making electricity from huge solar 
collectors in the desert, or from temperature differ- 
ences in the oceans, or from solar energy collected by 
satellites in outer space— these also will not do, "for 
they are ingenious high-technology ways to supply en- 
ergy in a form and at a scale inappropriate to most end- 
use needs." Finally, he admits straight out that the 
most important questions of energy strategy "are not 



mainly technical or economic but rather social and 
ethical." 

So the technological issue is found to be a diversion, 
not at all the heart of the matter. The political conse- 
quences of bigness, it would appear, are what we have 
to fear. A centralized energy system, Lovins tells us, is 
"less compatible with social diversity and personal 
freedom of choice" than the small, more pluralistic, ap- 
proach he favors. 

But diversity and freedom, at least in the United 
States, are protected and encouraged by strong institu- 
tions. Exploitation thrives in small towns and in small 
businesses. Big government and big labor unions, for all 
their faults, are the means by which we achieve the 
freedoms we hold so dear. 

When big organizations challenge our well-being, as 
indeed they do— monopolistic corporations, corrupt la- 
bor unions— our protection comes, not from petty in- 
surrections, but from the biggest of all organizations, 
the federal government. And when big government it- 
self is at fault, the remedy can only be shake-ups and 
more sensible procedures, not elimination of that 
bureaucracy which is a crucial element of our democra- 
cy. 

The next argument that Schumacher and Lovins pre- 
sent is the social one. Even if large organizations 
"work" technically and politically, it is claimed, they do 
not work socially. Only in small social groups, ap- 
parently, is it possible for people to "matter." Schu- 
macher and Lovins would not appear to have read such 
books as "Winesburg, Ohio," "Spoon River Anthology," 
and "Main Street," with their picture of the American 
small town as a petty, cramped and spiteful community. 
Cities and small towns will always have their defen- 
ders, but the constantly discussed question about 
whether it is "better" to live in the city, the country or 
the suburbs is a matter of taste which cannot be settled 



by self-appointed intellectual mandarins. 

Perhaps what lies at the heart of the new worship of 
smallness is an increasing revulsion against the ugliness 
of much of industrial America. Dams, highways and 
electric transmission lines, once the symbol of a some- 
what naive commercial boosterism, are now depicted as 
vulgar. But this association of bigness with lack of taste 
is not warranted. The colossal works of man are no 
more inherently vulgar than the small works are inher- 
ently petty. We prize robustness in life as well as deli- 
cacy. Rousseau, coming upon a Roman aqueduct, had 
this to say: 

The echo of my footsteps under the immense arches 
made me think I could hear the strong voices of the men 
who had built it. I felt lost like an insect in the immensity 
of the work. I felt, along with the sense of my own little- 
ness, something nevertheless which seemed to elevate my 
soul; I said to myself with a sigh: "Oh! that I had been 
born a Roman 1 " 

Economic and social arguments aside, Schumacher 
and Lovins maintain that their philosophy is founded on 
a base of moral conviction, of thrift, simplicity and hu- 
mility. We have sinned by being wasteful, ostentatious 
and arrogant Thus smallness becomes a symbol of , 
virtue. 

For a moment, as at every step along the way, we are 
inclined to agree. The message has an appeal. The 
problems of our age— the environmental crisis, the en- 
ergy crisis, the depletion of our natural resources— are; 
we suspect, caused by our profligacy. Improvidence, it 
would appear, has become the cardinal sin. 

But even the most useful moral precepts— such as 
patriotism— often have a dark underside. In the present 
instance, the thrift being preached lends itself to a 
smallness of spirit. The humility proposed evokes those 
Oriental attitudes which counsel the masses to accept 
their wretched lot. Such fatalistic beliefs may be useful 
in adding a measure of serenity to our private lives, but 
they are insidious elements to inject into debates on 
public policy. 

Much of the debate over big versus small recalls the 
Lilliputians going to war over the question of whether 
eggs should be opened at the big or little end. Smallness, 
after all is a word that is neutral— technologically, po- 
litically, socially, asethetically, and, of course, morally. 
Its use as a symbol of goodness would be one more en- 
tertaining example of human folly were it not for the 
distrubing consequences of the arguments advanced in 
its cause. 



^ho Guards 



-vyrifkyif*' 



Here's Your World 
of Opportunity 

See Educational Guide 

Pages A8-9 



Yankee Turmoil 

Billy Martin Speaks Out 

See Sports Today 




BILLY MARTIN 



»l 



*u 



LOS ANGELES 




EXPRESS I 



LATEST 
NEWS 



VOL. CVII NO. 125 



TUESDAY, AUGUST 2, 1977 




15 CENTS 



\ 



Mind-Control Plan 

Millions Spent on CIA Program 




m. 



c. New York Times News Service 
WASHINGTON — Several promi 
nent medical research institutions and 
government hospitals in the United 
States and Canada were drawn into a 
secret. 25-year. $25-million effort by 
the Central Intelligence Agency to 
learn how to control the human mind. 
The existence of the agency's in- 
vestigations into behavior and thought 
control was previously known. But 
through access to 2,000 CIA documents 
and wide-ranging interviews, a group 
of New York Times reporters has de- 
veloped new information about the cost 
of the program, the range of its pene- 
tration into prestigious research cen 
ters, the identities of some institutions, 
the secret funding conduits by the 
agency and the concerns about the 
program expressed by some scientists. 
The original research was spurred 
by the conviction — later proved un- 
founded — that the Russians and 
Chinese had developed brainwashing 
and mind-control devices. But CIA 
quickly turned to seeking an offensive 
use for behavior control. It sought to 



THE BOTTOM LINE: 



crack the mental defenses of enemy 
agents — to be able to program them 
and its own operatives to carry out any 
mission even against their will and 
"against such fundamental laws of 
nature as self-preservation ." 

It channeled funds through three 
private medical research foundations 
One of these, the Geschikter Founda- 
tion for medical Research in Washing- 
ton, DC, is still active. Another, the 
Society for the Investigation of Human 
Ecology Inc., was disbanded in 1965. 
A third named in one report was the 
Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation, also ac- 
tive, but Dr. John Bowers, director 
of the foundation, said there was no 
indication it had been a conduit for CIA 
funding 

The CIA also paid for experiments 
under the guise of contracts issued by 
other government agencies and had 
access to millions of dollars in be- 
havioral control experiments con- 
ducted by the armed services. 

By the early 1960s the CIA had 



(Continued on Page A-2. Col. 4) 



Use' 



Wise 



,. 



A-2 Los Angeles Herald-Examiner, Tues., Aug. 2, 1977 A 



Carter Energy Plan Approaches House Approval 



Herald-Examlntf Wire Services 

Washington - President 

Carters much-criticized but largely 
intact energy plan appears headed for 
approval in the House of Represent- 
atives by the end of this week. 

Under the masterful leadership of 
House Speaker "Tip" O'Neill, the 
energy bill reached the House floor 
Monday after emerging from six com- 
mittees somewhat watered down but 
not seriously weakened. 

The Boston-bom political manipu- 
lator and his lieutenants managed to 
block in the committees amendments 
most strongly opposed by the admims 



Los Padres 
Blaze 50% 
Contained 



By JOHN LUCERO 

Herald.E*aminer Star) Writer 

Erratic 40 miles-per-hour winds 
continue to hamper 500 firefighters 
near Lake Cachuma in the Los Padres 
National Forest in Santa Barbara 
Coijnty-where leaping flames have de- 
stroyed: 1.000 acres of dry brushland. 

The fires. 22 miles northwest of 
Santa Barbara, is 50 per cent contained 
but steep terrain has also made it 
difficult for firemen to control the 
spread. At the fire line are personnel 
from the U.S. Forest Service, Santa 
Barbara County and State Dept. of 
Forestry. Three helicopters, bull- 
dozers and four air tankers are being 
utilised in the fire fight. 

Evacuations have occurred at three 
locations — Cachuma. Davey Brown 
and Nira campgrounds. Six firemen 
sustained minor burns and one Forest- 
ry firefighter was hospitalized with 
hea<l injuries. 

Los Padres National Forest spokes- 
man said the brush is burning in a 
northwesterly direction, but no struc- 
tures are involved. Closest structures 
are the Flgueroa Summer Homes tract 
two miles away. 

The fire broke out Sunday in the 
Cachuma Campground and its exact 
cause is under investigation, Forestry 
spokesmen added. 

*<^-ews numbering 150 men from the 
county, Dept. of Forestry and the U.S. 
Forestry Service continued to fight a 
50-acre brush fire in the Indian Creek 
area near Camuesa Park, eight miles 
north of Santa Barbara and 14 miles 
southeast of the Lake Cahuma fire. 

The fires, of undetermined cause, 
broke put at 8 p.m. Sunday. As of 7 
p.m., Monday, the fire was 50 per cent 
encircled. Forestry personnel said. 

Access to the fire was difficult here 
also because of the deep terrain and 
extremely thick brush. No structures 
are involved and firemen have battled 
the blaze in 90 to 100 degree tem- 
peratures. 

No injuries have been reported. 
Full containment is expected at 6 a.m. 
today, officials said. 

A fire which started in a rubbish bin 
caused 140,000 damage to a 20-unit 
)">?1ment complex under constructi"n 
ToHywood Way and C> 
'ard in Sun Vail'- 
' h nish afire 



tration. such as lifting price controls 
on natural gas, providing unrestricted 
development incentives for the oil in- 
dustry, and postponing until 1982 the 
gas guzzler tax on large autos. 

Only a limited number of agreed 
upon amendments will be offered on 
the House floor, a ruling that is likely 
to prevent Republicans and oil state 
Democrats from making any further 
major changes in the bill. 

Speaker O'Neill has promised Pres- 
ident Carter he will have the legisla- 
tion passed in the House by Friday, 
when that body is scheduled to adjoum 
for its summer recess. Senate action 



will not be completed before the fall, 
but the administration hopes to have 
the program enacted into law before 
the end of the year. 

As the bill neared passage in the 
House, it became increasingly ap- 
parent that the energy plan would not 
achieve all the President hoped for 
when he submitted it to the nation in 
April. 

The President made a direct public 
appeal for passage of critical key ele- 
ments, including a five cent per gallon 
increase in federal gasoline taxes. 

Republican leaders predicted they 
will be able to defeat the proposed gas 




'FE DRAMA IN 



; ngs to 12th flex 

-eatening to 

v « with he 

'- 1 hot 

1, 



tax hike. 

"I would think there is a good 
chance to stop that," House 
Republican Leader John Rhodes said 
shortly after formal debate began on 
the complex legislative package. 

Carter said there were five critical 
elements in the energy package: 

—Rejection of deregulation of 
natural gas. Instead, Carter urged 
support for the $1.75 per thousand 
cubic feet ceiling price included in his 
energy package and approved by two 
House committees. 

—Support for rebates for Americans 



who heat their homes with oil. 

—Rejection of a Republican plan for 
plowing back new crude oil taxes to 
the oil industry to encourage produc- 
tion. 

—Support for the five cent gas tax 
hike, with the proceeds going for mass 
transit and state highway construc- 
tion 

—Backing for a heavy tax on in- 
dustrial users of oil and natural gas as 
a means of encouraging them to 
switch to coal. 

The President's message came shor- 
tly after the House began debate on 



the legislation, one of the most com 
plex bills ever considered by Congrew 
The proposal was sent to Congress iaj 
April 20. 

Supporters of deregulation .ire 
somewhat limited by the rules undei 
which the bill will be voted. 

Earlier, the Senate Energy dim 
mittee approved 10 to 6 a proposal by 
Sen. Howard Metzenbaum. D-Ohin. 
which is designed to limit production of 
gas guzzling cars. 

The committee voted to also require 
that all cars get a minimum gas 
mileage of 16 miles per gallon in 1980 
rising to 21 miles per gallon in 1985 



Son of Sam Claims 6th Life 
In Series of 1 3 Shootings 



NEW YORK (AP) - The mad gun- 
man who calls himself Son of Sam 
claimed a sixth life Monday when a 
young woman died of a massive gun- 
shot wound in the skull. 

Stacy Moskowitz, a 20-year-old 
blonde secretay, was fatally wounded 
at 2:30 a.m. Sunday while she sat in a 
parked car under a bright street light 
with Robert Violante, 20. Violante, 
who also was shot in the head, lost his 
left eye and may lose the sight in his 
right eye. 

While 13 shootings have been at- 
tributed to Son of Sam and his .44- 
caliber Bulldog revolver, seven of the 
victims have survived. Miss 
Moskowitz was the sixth to die since 
his first known attack one year and 
three days ago. 

"An animal like this has to be 
caught, not to die or be killed but to be 
tortured for life," Stacy's mother. 
Neysa Moskowitz, told reporters. 

Stacy's father, Jerome Moskowitz, 
also wept as he told reporters. "I lost 
a daughter I loved very much ... she 




AP photo 
STACY MOSKOWITZ 

minute to minute before she succum- 
bed to brain damage. 

"We did everything we could — it 
just wasn't enough," Dr. William 
Shuchark, a neurosurgeon, said. 

Meanwhile, a force of 200 New York 
police started anew in their search for 
the psychopathic killer. The Sunday 
f '•noting complicated thpir proh'-"- 



under surveillance when Miss 
Moskowitz and Violante were shot on a 
lovers lane in Brooklyn 

• The latest shootings were the first 
outside Queens and the Bronx, where 
beefed-up police patrols and teams of 
police decoys had saturated normally 
calm neighborhoods. 

Police now have a victim who 
saw the gunman, described as being 
white, about 5 foot 7. about 150 pounds, 
between 25 and 30 years old and 
carrying a .44-caliber revolver. One 
previous victim also saw him. but 
could not supply a good description 

A doctor at Kings County Hospital 
said Violante had given police a 
description of the gunman. "He ac- 
tually saw him," said Dr. Jeffrey 
Freedman. 

But Freedman. an ophthalmologist, 
noted that Violante had lost one eye to 
the gunman, with the other at least 
partially damaged. "I don't know if he 
(Violante) c?n identify him, since we 
*»" - ■•'11 be able to see." 



AOw 
Asia, 

Aetnrf 

tat 

Aioftat 

A6fTfr> 
4E«F. 

B#M 
Amce 

i Bond 
1 Caott 

Grwth 



Bat>< 
B*?acr 
B*rge 



[ 



never be the same." 

We have entered an era in which 
production in one country is tightly 
linked to the policies of other 
countries. According to Forecasting 
International's Marvin J. Creton, 
"thirteen basic raw materials are 
required for a modern economy; these 
include: aluminium, chromium, 
copper, iron, lead, manganese, nickle 
phosphorous, potassium, sulfur, tin, 
and tungsten. In 1950 the United 
States had to import more than one- 
half of its supplies of four of these; by 
1970 the list had increased to six. By 
the end of the century the United 
States will be dependent primarily on 
foreign sources for its supply of each 
of the thirteen except phosphorous. 
continued on page 8 



2! 

O 
o 



Uj 



O 
Q. 



BEHAVIO 



A Taint of Scholarly Fraud 



The late British psychologist Cyril 
Burt was eminent in his profession: he 
held the psychology chair at London's 
University College, was knighted by 
King George VI and won the Thorn- 
dike award from the American Psycho- 
logical Association. As a government 
adviser, he helped restructure the Brit- 
ish educational system in the 1940s. 
Now, five years after his death, Burt is 
the object of a growing scandal. He has 
been accused of doctoring data and sign- 
ing the names of others to reports that 
he wrote. If the charges are proved true, 
said Science magazine last week, 'the 




PSYCHOLOGIST CYRIL BURT (1 961 ) 
Were the data cooked? 

forgery may rank with that of the Pilt- 
down man." 

Much of Burt's reputation rested on 
his prominent role in the debate about 
heredity and intelligence. His studies of 
identical twins who grew up apart in- 
dicated that heredity — rather than en- 
vironment — explains most of the differ- 
ences in IQ scores. But shortly before 
Burt's death in 1971 at the age of 88, 
there were academic murmurs that the 
psychologist's data were suspect. For 
one thing, the statistical correlation be- 
tween IQ scores of his identical twins re- 
mained the same to the third place after 

66 



the decimal point as more and more 
twins were studied — an extraordinary 
and highly unlikely coincidence. Yet 
most experts assumed it was an honest 
and unimportant mistake. '"As he got 
old," said British Psychologist G.C. 
Drew, "he was remembering old figures 
that got stuck in his mind." 

The doubts became public knowl- 
edge when the London Sunday Times re- 
ported that Burt's co-authors of the later 
twin studies — Margaret Howard and J. 
Conway — are not listed in London Uni- 
versity records and are unknown to 18 
of Burt's closest colleagues. The reve- 
oerekbayes lation is crucial: the two 
women were presumably 
Burt's field investigators on the 
twin research at a time when 
the psychologist was becoming 
feeble and deaf. It thus seems 
increasingly possible that the 
women never existed, that 
their investigations were never 
carried out and that Burt in- 
vented them and their reports. 
Since the Sunday Times 
story, a Manchester professor 
has recalled meeting a Marga- 
ret Howard in the 1930s, but 
the only other traces of Con- 
way and Howard are their sig- 
natures on reviews in the late 
1950s published in the British 
Journal of Statistical Psychol- 
ogy. Those writings, mostly 
attacking Burt's enemies, 
stopped around the time Burt 
stepped down as the journal's 
editor. Says Princeton Psychol- 
ogist Leon Kamin, an oppo- 
nent of Burt in the heredity- 
intelligence debate: "It was a 
fraud linked to policy from the 
word go. The data were cooked 
in order for him to arrive at 
the conclusion he wanted." 

Burt's allies prefer to be- 
lieve the psychologist was care- 
less but honest. The suggestion 
of fraud "is so outrageous, I 
find it hard to stay in my 
chair," says Harvard Psychol- 
ogist Richard Herrnstein. "Burt was a 
towering figure of 20th century psychol- 
ogy. I think it's a crime to cast doubt 
over a man's career." Professor of Ed- 
ucational Psychology Arthur Jensen of 
the University of California at Berkeley 
adds: "If Burt was trying to fake the 
data, a person with his statistical skills 
would have done a better job. It is a po- 
litical attack. The real targets are me, 
Herrnstein and the whole area of re- 
search on the genetics of intelligence." 
At best, Burt's methods were incred- 
ibly sloppy. The raw test sheets on the 
twin studies were among papers stuffed 



into half a dozen tea chests and later de- 
stroyed. Many of his professional arti- 
cles do not give primary data, refer- 
ring readers to unpublished reports. 
Some of those reports, says Kamin, are 
at least as hard to find as are Howard 
and Conway. 

Why did Burt's work go unchal- 
lenged during his lifetime? Says Philip 
Vernon, a collaborator of Burt's now at 
Alberta's University of Calgary: "There 
were certainly grave doubts, although 
nobody dared to put them into print be- 
cause Burt was so powerful." In fact, he 
was powerful enough to see his ideas on 
heredity and intelligence translated into 
educational policy. As a government ad- 
viser in the 1940s, he played a prom- 
inent role in setting up the three-tier 
British school system that pigeonholed 
students on the basis of an IQ test given 
at age eleven. 

That system has since been disman- 
tled, and the controversy over Burt is un- 
likely to have much effect on education- 
al policy. It will also make little impact 
on American psychologists who believe 
that heredity is crucial to intelligence; 
they have produced several twin stud- 
ies similar to Burt's. Says Herrnstein, "I 
know of no correlation of Burt's which 
is seriously challenged in the literature." 
But Harvard's Richard Lewontin, a pop- 
ulation geneticist, says that Burt's work 
with twins "is the only large study which 
is methodologically correct, so its loss is 
no trivial problem for the heritability 
people. It is also not nice for them to 
have this mess in their backyard." 

It is also a mess for the entire field 
of psychology, which is still struggling 
to be taken seriously as a rigorous sci- 
ence. When a leader in the field is shown 
to be either a fraud or spectacularly in- 
ept, it is psychology's loss. 

A Sound Theory 

After listening carefully to tape re- 
cordings, 40 men and women students 
at West Virginia University tried to 
estimate the height and weight of each 
of the 30 speakers on the tape. To the 
delight of Norman J. Lass, who ran 
the experiment as chairman of the uni- 
versity's speech pathology and audiology 
department, those estimates were sur- 
prisingly accurate. On the average, the 
volunteer students came within V/ 2 lbs. 
and 1 in. of picking the weight and 
height of the speakers — far closer than 
they would have achieved with ran- 
dom guesses. "Apparently," says Lass, 
"there are adequate perceptual clues 
in the voice, which reflect, to some ex- 
tent, the physical features of height and 
weight." He is confident that future re- 
search will prove his thesis. Hello, of- 
ficer, I'd like to report an anonymous 
obscene phone call from a man who is 
5 ft. 9 in.. 168% lbs. . . . 

TIME, DECEMBER 6, 1976 



H4 



NOVIIMDEI12 2, 197G 



THE AIR 

Talking Back 

FROM rime to rime in recent thai is, much of the basil technology 
months, I've found myself writ- is alreadj in place, and the real is in 
ing about the largely authoritari- the process of development, and what 
an role that so much television broad- remains is to make the final, hard-to- 
casting has assumed in our era. The reverse political decisions that will de- 
monochrome and monotone "voice" of termine the shape of satellite commu- 
the networks has been frequentlj allud- nications in the nation as, back in the 
ed to, as has the framing or focussing nineteen-thirties, they determined the 
authority of most of their news pro- shape of our present commercial tele- 
grams. Indeed, "power" on the part of vision service. As it happens, the- token 
the television establishment and "pas- reason, or "news peg," for my be- 
sivity" on the part of the audience have lated attention to satellites is a sub- 
been perhaps the two key words, or stantial, and not altogether impene- 
ConceptS, with which to consider the trahle, document that I have lately 
influence of television up to now in our been reading, which is titled simply 
society. On a different, more emotional "Description of Public Broadcasting 
level, intimations of Orwell's "Big Satellite Interconnection Plan." Brief- 
Brother" have surrounded us in the air ly, what this proposal encompasses is 
(and on the airwaves) since the period the nation's first satellite broadcast tele- 
of the first exploitation of broadcasting vision network, wherein the Corpo- 
by national authorities, in the early part ration for Public Broadcasting will be 
of this century; and, with these intima- empowered to lease three, and even- 
tions, there lias often developed in mem- tnally four, transponders (or channels) 
hers of the public a feeling of resigna- on Western Union's Westar I satellite, 
tion and inescapability concerning such and also to construct about a hundred 
distant matters. and fifty-five ground receiving stations, 

What I would like to do this week of which five will have the ability to 
is to temporarily reverse myself, be- transmit as well as receive. It is a fine, 
cause, while the present of broadcasting ambiticTus plan, and is currently under 
is undeniably authoritarian, the present active consideration by the F.C.C. 
also contains the future, and the future (which is expected to approve it by the 
(which we are beginning to deal with end of the year) — circumstances that 
now) contains at least the possibility of provide, I think, as good an opportunity 
something very differ- 
ent. In short, I should 
like to risk boring you 
for a while on a subject 
that neither you nor I 
have had much appar- 
ent interest in: that of 
space satellites and sat- 
ellite communications. 
For modern satellites 
and their ground re- 
ceiver-transmitters have 
already reached a level 
of technical competence 
and economic practi- 
cality which has brought 
them further and fur- 
ther into the arena of 
political decisions. A 
number of political de- 
cisions concerning them 
have already been 
made, and, in fact, 
there is much about the 
current satellite situa- 
tion which is roughly 
comparable to what 
obtained in regard to 
television broadcasting 
in the nineteen-thirties; 




ftMto* 



as any for trying to understand, or per- 
haps unbore oneself about, these ni •■■ 

s and tin- new kind <>f i oininu- 
ru< ations they make possible. 

Wl might as well start at the be- 
ginning. For practical purposes, 
satellites might I"- said to derive from 
what was surelj our of tin- most im- 
portant and ghastly inventions of the 
twentieth century: the roi ket that was 
known by tin- Germans (who first 
launched it at Peenemunde in 1942) 

as the Aggregate-4, and later by the 
British, whose cities it assaulted, as the 
V-2. The second step followed logi- 
cally from the first. In 195 7, employ- 
ing a rocket derived from the Aggre- 
gate-4, the Soviet Union launched and 
orbited the first satellite Sputnik. Since 
Sputnik, literally thousands of satellites 
have been put into orbit, most of them 
by the Soviet Union and the United 
States, and with roughly ninety per 
cent of them in the service of the mili- 
tary: the "guardians of our skies," as 
our own are sometimes referred to in 
defense-contractor advertisements. The 
metaphor is doubtless accurate, though 
not entirely reassuring — especially since 
in these matters insufficient notice is 
usually paid to the American citizen, 
whose taxes furnished the eighty-five 
billion dollars that provided the space 
program that evolved the rocket and 
communications skills that resulted not 
only in our landings on the moon and 
Mars but also in the 
present multitude ofj 
"guardians" orbiting 
above us. 

Here, though, we 
may as well consider 
only civilian commune 
cations satellites; tl 
is, those few sar^h'tes^ 
now in the air that are 
the property of large 
American communica- 
tions companies. For 
instance, what is spe- 
cial about satellite com- 
munication? What ai 
its advantages ov< 
present standard forr 
of communications 
The answer is decep- 
tively simple, and easy 
to gloss over. Satellite 
communication is more 
efficient than ground 
communications. Effi- 
ciency has come to be 
one of those modern 
terms that often defy 
penetration, though it's 
worth trying to get 



THE NEW YORKER 



85 



\ 



some idea of the real meaning. Con- 
sider, in the matter of transoceanic 
communications, that twenty years ago 
the only way of speaking by telephone 
between New York and London was 
via radio, which was expensive and, be- 
cause of atmospheric conditions, un- 
dependable. When the first transatlan- 
tic telephone cables were put in opera- 
tion, in 1956, the service became more 
dependable, but it was still expensive 
and the transmission was far from 
ideal. The cables could carry sixty 
phone conversations simultaneously but 
no television. The extent to which a 
present-day satellite supersedes cable 
technology is as follows: the cost of 
orbiting the satellite is a fraction of 
the cost of cable laying; a satellite 
can handle fourteen thousand phone 
conversations simultaneously, with high 
dependability and fidelity, or relay 
» twenty-four color-television programs 
[simultaneously. Similarly, in the area 
of transcontinental communications, 
whether by phone or television signal, 
the advantage of a satellite system is 
ho great in terms of cost, multiplicity 
fof access, and fidelity as not to be 
tise fully defined by the catch-all term 
efficiency. At present, for example, 
Inost telephone and television commu- 
u'cation is carried along the telephone 
bmpany's vast and expensive network 
cables, or else is beamed along the 
:wer microwave system, which re- 
ires line-of-sight transmission and re- 
>ption, and thus the construction of 
:ceiving-and-transmitting towers at 
fc'ound thirty-mile intervals across the 
""country. With either microwave or 
cable communication, the cost and diffi- 
culty of sending a voice or a television 
(gnal over long distances involve not 
Vily the huge outlay for construction 
|id maintenance but also an elaborate 
lplifying apparatus which must be 
fiilt into the system at regular intervals 
jr boosting the original signal along its 
/, and which frequently produces 
than satisfactory fidelity. With 
dlites, however, the basic communi- 
ons structure is far simpler, involv- 
|not thousands of miles of cable, or 
:rs (with all their attendant switch- 
and boosters and maintenance), 
but orbiting devices of enormous sensi- 
tivity, with a multiplicity of channels, 
and with ground sending or receiving 
terminals of ever-increasing simplicity 
and cheapness. For instance, many 
ground receiving stations still require 
[antennas of up to a hundred feet in 
liameter, and might cost nine million 
lollars to build. But some such stations 
tan now be served by antennas no 
Inore than thirty-three feet in diam- 





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■ iti, and 091 :ii minil three million dol- 
lars; and the fapanese have recently 
d< velopi 'I a prototj pe I V red iver 
(dependent <>n new satellites with In- 
creased transmitter potencj ) that costs 
fifteen hundred dollars and could prob- 
abl) be marketed eventuall) for a good 
deal less. Technically, home ownership 
nt i direct-broadcast satellite television 
receivi i is virtually within reach. 

The first of the civilian (or com- 
mercial) communications satellites was 
Telstar I, which was put In orbit in 
1962, and which was paid for and 
owned by A.T. & T. \\\ present 
standards, Telstnr was a fairly primi- 
tive device. Admittedly, it could handle 
one TV signal or a hundred phone con- 
versations simultaneously, compared 
with the sixty conversations of the first 
transatlantic cables, hut there was a 
built-in limit to its overall effectiveness, 
in that the satellite's orbit around the 
earth was elliptical and low. Since tele- 
vision signals travel in straight lines, 
this meant that a program could he 
beamed from Point A, received by the 
satellite, and amplified and transmitted 
to Point B only at a time when the 
satellite was in direct line of sight with 
both points. If Telstar sped out of this 
line of sight too soon, or if the timing 
was inconvenient, program transmis- 
sion had to wait until the satellite had 
returned after orbiting the globe. An 
alternative, which was not tried, would 
have required a continuous, revolving 
parade of as many as thirty Telstars in 
orbit, with one of them always in 
range. 

The reason that this costly and cum- 
bersome method was not attempted 
derives from an imaginatively simple 
solution proposed by Arthur C. Clarke, 
who is an engineer as well as a success- 
ful author of numerous hooks of sci- 
ence fiction. Clarke's solution was 
based on the calculation that a satel- 
lite placed in orbit at 6,830 m.p.h. at 
an altitude of 22,300 miles above 
earth would take nearly twenty-fot:r 
hours to circle the globe. Thus, it 
would be "geosynchronous" with the 
rotation of the earth; that is, the speed- 
ing, orbiting satellite — appearing to 
stand still — would remain in line of 
sight constantly. Also, the height of the 
orbit would be much greater than that 
of Telstar, and would therefore per- 
mit a vastly greater number of sending 
and receiving points; in fact, no more 
than three satellites, properly placed, 
could provide a global communications 
system. In 1963, Syncom II, the first 
working geosynchronous communica- 
tions satellite, was built by the Hughes 
Aircraft Company and launched by 




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189 



NASA. The Hughes Company built 
three Syncoms that were launched by 
NASA and one, launched in 1965 and 
named Early Bird, that was operated 
as a civilian communications satellite 
by the International Telecommunica- 
tions Satellite Consortium, or Intelsat. 

As in a Biblical family tree, Tel- 
star in 1962 begat Comsat (or the 
Communications Satellite Corpora- 
tion), which begat Intelsat. For, as a 
result of the success of A.T. & T.'s el- 
liptically orbiting Telstar, one of those 
important debates occurred in the up- 
per reaches of government and busi- 
ness which go largely unnoticed by the 
public; this one dealt with the question 
of whether a civilian satellite commu- 
nications system should be kept in the 
nands of the federal government or be 
"handed over for development to the 
'private sector," or business. Business 
^prevailed, and Comsat was formed in 
T1963, supposedly as a partnership be- 
tween the large communications cor- 
porations and the public, with fifty per 
:nt of the stock in the new company 
)eing owned by A.T. & T., I.T.T., 
|RCA, Western Union, and more than 
hundred smaller companies, and 
the remaining fifty per cent being 
)ld, through the New York Stock 
Exchange, to "the public." Since 
.T. & T. was a main force in the 
-igins of Comsat, and since A.T. & T. 
ready had an immense investment in 
[ground communications facilities in the 
United States, it was decided that 
fomsat would concentrate its atten- 
Lon on international communications, 
lence the organizing, in 1964, of In- 
"telsat, which has since grown to en- 
compass ninety-four nations, five satel- 
lites, and a hundred and nineteen earth 
^stations around the world. Intelsat is an 
)erating organization that leases its 
tellites and facilities to each member 
Ration's designated representative — 
{hich in the United States is Comsat. 
Within the past few years, there has 
:n a second major debate — also 
Igely unnoticed by the public — which 
resulted in the orbiting of several 
Umsats, or domestic satellites. This 
Date had to do not with whether the 
iblic or the private sector should con- 
trol the new domestic satellites but with 
whether these satellites should be a mo- 
nopoly of Comsat or be owned and op- 
erated by other communications com- 
panies — the assumption, at least in 
certain quarters, no doubt being that 
Comsat already half represents the pub- 
lic. In 1972, following its bent for 
pseudopopulist communications pro- 
grams, President Nixon's Office of 
Telecommunications Policy proposed 



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United Nations. 
The Broken Seed signifies 
man's responsibility toward 
ending hunger. The vertical 
lines represent sheaves of 
wheat and the 1977 calendar 
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.in "( >pen Skies" p.ilu v, w hit h stated, 
rhl) , th.it any applii ant poast ning 
suitable fin.un ial and te< hnological ca- 
pacity might launch and operate a com- 
muni< ations satellite, and in due i ourse 
this policy was adopted by the I .C.C. 
So, while Comsat handles internationa 
satelliti communications for the people 
ni the united States, a new procession 
of familiar corporate giants is entering 
into control of domestic satellite com- 
munications. Western Union and RCA 
have both launched their nun satellites, 
as have A.T. & T. and G.T. & 1 . 
which have also joined with Comsat on 

satellite projects. And several more are 
waiting in the wings. 

Thus, two important moves have al- 
ready been made in shaping the role of 
satellites in our lives; major decisions 
have been reached, in the modern 
quasi-parliamentary fashion — not so 
much clandestinely as by open, unintel- 
ligible compromise between big govern- 
ment and big business — while the pub- 
lic, informed by neither party of any 
special urgency in this matter, blithely 
plays in its back yard. As has been 
remarked, it is a situation not totally 
dissimilar to the one that obtained in 
the nineteen-thirties, when the F.C.C. 
(the public's agency) began to assist in 
the shaping of the present commercial 
network system. 

j HERE are further decisions in 
-*- the making, however, and the 
Corporation for Public Broadcasting's 
Satellite Interconnection Plan marks 
another step along the way — a step in 
the right direction, it appears from the 
current proposals. First is the obvious, 
and not at all unimportant, question of 
cost. Despite the expense of leasing sat- 
ellite channels and constructing ground 
facilities, C.P.B.'s satellite system 
should be cheaper in the long run 
than any comparable system based — as 
is virtually all television transmission, 
commercial or public — on the leasing of 
A.T. & T.'s so-called long lines. But 
more important even than cost, and 
buried within the concept of efficien- 
cy, is the significant potential — the 
essence — of satellite communications: 
namely, that they represent the first 
visible, plausible promise of what might 
be clumsily called intercommunicative 
broadcasting, of broadcasting that does 
not always, or inherently, proceed in 
one direction, from authority to public. 

Today, most television programs 
flow in a more or less direct line, along 
A.T. & T.'s cables or microwave sta- 
tions, either from west to east or from 
east to west. Television-broadcast traf- 
fic across the continent is thus limited, 




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THE NEW YORKER 



91 



I 



in a manner comparable to the limita- 
tion on railroad traffic, by the sheer ex- 
pense of laying track as well as by the 
difficulty and the cost of dispatching 
programs in various directions. It is 
technically possible for a network to 
originate a broadcast of a football game 
.jn Dallas or a news story in Boston, 
but the cost runs high and the traffic- 
scheduling problems are considerable; 
iven for wealthy networks, there are 
arly limits to the number of times 
can be done. Public television's pro- 
ed satellite system will not seem at 
& to make any drastic change in 
-present arrangement, but it will 
'i to make true interconnective 
ramming more possible. It will 
in to do away with the old "rail- 
track" system, and perhaps, along 
it, certain assumptions by the audi- 
and the station managers as to 
constitutes broadcast traffic. At 
feart of the new system, after all, 
act that the satellite is already up 
apparently "parked" in the sky, 
i in fact speeding along with the 
the earth, making occasional, 
course adjustments by means of 
tiny engines, and usually accompanied 
by a twin : a backup satellite, to be 
brought into operation if the first one 
should somehow fail. The rigid, limited 
network of the long lines is replaced 
by trigonometry, and thus it is no 
more difficult, electronically, to dis- 
patch a television signal from Minne- 
apolis to Miami than from Minneapolis 
to St. Paul. Also, the variety of signals 
relayed is defined not by the dimensions 
of an unchangeable cable but by the 
leasing of transponders on a satellite. 
With C.P.B.'s satellite system, individ- 
ual public stations will have far greater 
flexibility in their programming, choos- 
ing, alternately, between regional 
broadcasts and the national feed. Most 
important, too, C.P.B.'s five proposed 
transmitting stations will not simply 
permit but encourage a degree of re- 
gionally originated programming (that 
programs not from New York or 
t Los Angeles), which now remains at 
|he mercy of leased lines, high costs, 
ind "feed" schedules. 

Admittedly, there is a problem in 
Talking about the future, for the future 
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this progress is often presented in such 
unreal or Utopian terms as to be op- 
pressive — or, in layman's terms, boring. 
One likely result of C.P.B.'s satellite 
ystem, at least for the first few years 
fter it comes on-stream, probably in 
979, is that Thoreau's mid-nine- 
teenth-century demurrer about the na- 
tion's first transcontinental telegraph 



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line will seem to fun e new pei dm 
"Bui wli.it il Maine and Texas," 
I ..in remarked on hearing of this 
earli wondrous system, "have nothing 
to communicate?" ( )i , as we may well 
soon use to ask, What it Hous- 

ton h is nothing bi tter to relay, via the 
heavens, to New Rochelle than ) 
instruction or "Mister Rogi i-" ; How- 
ever, I suspect thai the significance of 
the proposed development will go far 
id the merits or demerits of pro- 
gramming. I it seems t<> me that 
these new ;md ;is \et unmade satellite 
systems, even when stripped of the 
glamour of cosi statistics and the fu- 
turistic jargon-poetry of scientific Uto- 
pias, represent nothing less than man's 
most potent tool, to date, for revers- 
ing — or, at least, holding his nun 
against- — the supposedly irreversible 
thrust of technological society, which 
has been carrying us steadily forward 
in this century toward greater ho- 
mogeneity and thus toward totalitar- 
ianism. 

The evils of a technological world 
are commonplaces by now, and appear 
to be accepted by so many people be- 
cause they can conceive of no alterna- 
tive — the exception being those brave, 
poignant, guerrilla-type counterattacks 
by the young, who storm the redoubts 
of Technology armed with little more 
than sensibility and handmade jewelry. 
In addition, the baby-and-bathwater 
argument is much used, or leaned 
upon, by those who try to feel hopeful 
about the general drift of modern so- 
cieties. That is: is it not necessary to 
give up certain amenities or freedoms 
in exchange for, say, polio vaccine, 
computer billing, and the boneless 
chicken, and might one not altogether 
lose the "new" in trying to regain the 
"old"? It is not too much to say that 
the people of advanced societies, such 
as ours, have been largely immobilized 
before technology: on the one hand, 
enjoying its benefits and repeating its 
pieties, and, on the other hand, giving 
increasing evidence of nervousness, in- 
terior dismay, and a propensity for mild 
rebellion against the very technolo- 
gies — whether those of politics, com- 
munications, or merchandising — that 
they are assisting in creating. 

Consider only broadcasting technol- 
ogy. Broadcasting did not create our 
technological society, but in this cen- 
tury it has accompanied the shaping of 
our country, and the form we have 
permitted broadcasting to assume in 
our midst has had much to do with the 
evolving relations of the mass, or mul- 
titude, of people with authority. Broad- 
casters periodically make much of the 



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193 



deference they pay the public, but in 
reality this occasional deference is paid 
either to the authority of the state or to 
the rival authority of business. The form 
or "message" of broadcasting, especial- 
ly that of the powerful television-broad- 
casting industry, has been for years that 
of a central transmitting authority (al- 
beit divided into several companies), 
which "speaks," one-way only, to the 
"mass." Surely, then, what explains the 
popularity of (or "craze" for) CB ra- 
dios is a delight on the part of the public 
employing economically accessible 
chnology for talking back, for de- 
lassifying itself. Or, on a more primi- 
ve level, what are the phone-in radio 
ows but an attempt on the part of 
e audience to de-audience itself, to 
>rcommunicate, to participate? The 
th is that, by and large, our vaunt- 
Era of Communications has been a 
nge, depressing period during which 
aassed citizenry — though, for the 
part, it has no longer been as- 
led in city squares, listening to a 
from a loudspeaker — has been 
bled metaphorically, before the 
y separateness of a hundred mil- 
television sets, looking at as well as 
istening to distanced presences that 
transmit only, and never receive. It is 
an unnatural state of affairs — in some 
ways like slavery — which poses great 
unseen burdens on society and can 
endure for longer than anyone im- 
agines. Surely the conditions of de- 
pression that occur in so many areas of 
the modern world — whether clinical 
or otherwise, and whether they take 
the form of the "sullen" East Ger- 
man or the "apathetic" American vot- 
er — derive at least in part from the 
1 continued, nearly unrelieved, public 
situation of being talked to by authori- 
ties, however sometimes benign, and 
never being able to talk back. 
Satellite communications on a scale 
proposed by C.P.B. will obviously not 
reshape the emotional structure of the 
world. But there is much at stake here 
in the principle of two-way broadcast 
transmission and in the public's right 
and need to have access to the new 
technology: to get its voice back. Also, 
(there is much risk, and even danger. 
How will governments govern when a 
capacity exists for a nearly instantane- 
ous citizen response — to a new strip- 
mining bill or a state of war? (A more 
pressing question, one imagines, and one 
that continues to overhang the noisy 
politics of the century, is, in whose be- 
half do governments govern, anyway? ) 
The larger hazard facing the new 
communications, then, is that the par- 
ents will be reluctant to return them to 



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the cl Inn. remporizine reasons will 

be found: tint national securit) must I"' 
protected, or th.it tin- i- ilii iencj of large 
i itions musi be preset ved, or thai 
the i hi] hiii will break the new to) s. 
Ahv.ii j , in tin- matter oi the relative- 
ly m C.P.B. proposal, Western 
Union n.is requested a right to employ 
public broadcasting's earth stations foi 
its ou business. No authority evei 
gladl) ets an) thing go. 

All the s.niu', there is something 
deeplj Mirring about these new possi- 
bilities almost i logic behind them that, 
one feels, will sooner or Liter put tin-in 
in t J ' will do the 

most od — the hands of the public, 
that multitude of non-children. Per- 
haps what is most stirring of all is a 
glimpse, or intimation, of man's ability 
to get himself out of trouble, and with 
something sturdier than sensibility to 
aid h:m. To put it another way: Big 
Brother and his Newspeak were po- 
litical fantasies of that remarkable 
writer George Orwell which proved 
to he imaginatively, and almost fac- 
tually, correct. But the wider human 
context of "1984," with its irredeem- 
ably passive, and even unpleasant, 
"proles," represented (as Raymond 
Williams has also pointed out) a more- 
personal projection of Orwell's fantasy, 
his social pessimism, and his cultural 
view, and it has not specifically, or 
necessarily, turned out to resernhle the 
world we have been living in. In the 
second half of this century, the seem- 
ingly calm oceans of passivity and resig- 
nation have been steadily disrupted h\ 
the actions and voices of real (and often 
very brave) people. 

What I suspect is needed now, from 
us, is not so much physical bravery as 
something that is differently difficult to 
provide: acts of faith and conscious- 
ness. That is, we should compel our- 
selves to stay awake, and not be op- 
pressed, or "bored," too easily bv the 
murmurs or clangings of new tech- 
nology. Technology, after all, is still 
man's handiwork; man is the one to 
watch. — Michael J. Arlen 



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"It has now become a popular saying 
among articulate advocates of disclosure 
that the government's business is the peo- 
ple's business, and that the people's busi- 
ness ought to be carried on in public,' - 
Burns said in his prepaid remarks. — San 
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The Arab 

Peace 
Offensive 

By ARNAUD DE BORCHGRAVE 

The moderate leaders of the Arab 
world are conducting an unprec- 
edented diplomatic offensive. In the 
past two weeks, Egyptian President An- 
war Sadat has received three U.S. Con- 
gressional delegations, including one 
led by Israel's staunch friend, Demo- 
cratic Sen. Abraham Ribicoff of Con- 
necticut. Sadat told one of the groups: 
"In six months, we can be in Geneva 
and negotiate a comprehensive peace 
settlement." Do the Arabs really mean 
it, or is this just another effort by one of 
the protagonists in the Middle East to 
influence American public opinion? 
And if the Arabs do mean it, why are 
they talking sweet reason now? Clearly, 
the road to peace remains strewn with 
obstacles and pitfalls. But on the basis of 
my own recent conversations with some 
of the top Arab leaders, I think the 
incoming Carter Administration has the 
best opportunity yet to try for an over-all 
peace settlement in the Middle East. 

"We believe the objective conditions 
for progress in the Middle East are better 
now than they have been perhaps at any 
time since the creation of the state of 
Israel," Secretary of State Henry Kis- 
singer declared last week. Those condi- 
tions are largely the result of the peace 
settlement in Lebanon. 

Mending Fences: The Arabs realized 
some months ago that the Lebanese civil 
war — which had Syria, Egypt and the 
Palestinians at each other's throats — was 
blocking any progress toward ending the 
Arab-Israeli dispute. At their mini-sum- 
mit in Riyadh last month, the Arab mod- 
erates decided that the bloodshed in 
Lebanon had gone on long enough — and 
that the time had come to try to restore 
some semblance of Arab unity. They 
agreed, in effect, to let Syria occupy all of 
Lebanon and assume control over the 
Palestine Liberation Organization. In re- 
turn, Syria agreed to mend its fences 
with Egypt and allow Sadat to resume his 
role of Arab spokesman in pressing for an 
over-all settlement. 

The Arab moderates also ganged up on 
the Palestine Liberation Organization 
behind closed doors in Riyadh. They 
told PLO leader Yasir Arafat that his 
dream of a secular state in all of Pales- 
tine was a thing of the past. Instead, 
the Arab leaders said they would try to 
get him a truncated Palestinian state on 
the West Bank and in the Gaza Strip as 
part of a Middle East peace settlement. 
But they informed Arafat in no uncertain 
terms that his new state would be expect- 




i 
Ribicoff gives Sadat a present: Are the Arabs really ready for peace? 



ed to co-exist peacefully with Israel. 

Arafat had no choice but to agree. 
There are still radical Palestinians 
around who are unwilling to play by the 
new rules, as was demonstrated when so- 
called Black June terrorists attacked the 
Amman Intercontinental Hotel last week 
and were eventually crushed by the Jor- 
danian Army. Still, the PLO itself has 
now begun making conciliatory noises. 
For the first time, its chief spokesman on 
foreign affairs, Farouk Kaddoumi, told 
newsmen at the United Nations last 
week that his organization would be 
willing to assume the responsibility of 
running a government in the West Bank 
and the Gaza Strip in the event of an 
Israeli withdrawal. Kaddoumi also said 
the PLO would take up in late December 
or early January the question of forming a 
provisional government-in-exile. 

Concessions: The strategic thinking of 
moderate Arabs is that an end to the 
draining conflict with Israel will finally 
allow them to concentrate on the mod- 
ernization of their own countries. They 
see the U.S. as the key, partially because 
it represents the largest single source of 
Western arms and industrial technology, 
but more importantly because it is the 
only country in a position to put pressure 
on Israel to make the necessary conces- 
sions for peace. Even Ribicoff was im- 
pressed by the desire for peace in the 
Arab world. "I believe you are a unique 
leader," he told Sadat. "Our respect for 
you is unbounded." 

It is not clear yet precisely what terms 
the Arabs will propose for a peace settle- 
ment. Like the Israelis, they are prudent 
enough not to tip their hand in advance. 
But the Arab position is unfolding in 
broad outline. They hint that the Pales- 
tinian state set up on the occupied West 



Bank and in the Gaza Strip would be 
federated in some way with Syria and 
Jordan. The advantages of this would be 
twofold: Syria and Jordan would be able 
to guarantee the security of the new 
state — thus making less critical the ques- 
tion of its demilitarization — and at the 
same time, the two countries would be 
able to keep their new junior partner 
from causing trouble with Israel. 

Talking Point: The desire of the Arabs 
for an over-all settlement is evident in 
the way they are downplaying the com- 
plicated subject of the future of Jerusa- 
lem. Pressed on this, they say that it 
should be left until the very end of the 
negotiations. They suggest, however, 
that an expanded Arab borough of East 
Jerusalem could be created, stretching as 
far as Ramallah and Bethlehem. As a 
talking point, they say the whole city of 
Jerusalem could be governed by a single 
mayor, possibly with an Arab and an 
Israeli alternating in the role — a proposal 
patently unacceptable to Israel. 

In return for U.S. aid in negotiating an 
over-all settlement, the Arabs are hinting 
that they could offer the West economic 
incentives. Saudi Arabia, at least, is talk- 
ing of guaranteeing the United States 
stable oil prices for perhaps ten years, 
during which time the cost of petroleum 
would not rise any faster than the rate of 
Western inflation. Israel has grave 
doubts about the sincerity of the current 
Arab peace offensive, and given the his- 
tory of the region, Jerusalem would ap- 
pear to have good cause. But at least for 
the moment, the moderates are riding 
high in the Arab world. It is my feeling 
that if this opportunity for an over-all 
peace settlement is not grasped, Arab 
moderates may not be so firmly in control 
a year from now. 



Newsweek, November 29, 1976 



45 



War's Fourth Dimension 



< )rbitingo\ erthe Indian Ocean, a pair 
ol U.S. spacecraft — an early-warning 
satellite and a companion i ehicle relay' 
inn its signals back to earth — watched 

l<n the telltale glou oj Russian missiles 

being launched from Siberia. Suddenly, 
a powerful beam <>l infra-red li^ht ze- 
roed in on them, lite curhj-icai nin^ sat- 
ellite went blind. The tensors on the 

relaij satellite lost contact with the hori- 
zon. Its electronic equilibrium de- 
stroyed, the satellite began to tumble in 
space, and its signals iccnt astray. 

\ few necks later, the Soviet Union 
renewed its tests oj a neu weapon. A 
Russian spacecraft lifted off from the 
Tyuratam cosmodrome iii Kazakhstan 
and set off in chase alter another Soviet 
satellite deep in space. After a brief 
pursuit, the hunter closed in and paused 
to examine its quarry. Then it moved 
away to a safe distance and exploded — 
proving that it could have destroyed the 
target on command. 



These events may sound like ,i sci- 
ence-fiction scenario lor war in tlie 21st 

century, but both episodes actually oc- 
curred within tlie last year. During thai 

time, the So\ ; «>t Union tested devices 
that can cripple or destroy satellites ill 

space. Whether the U.S. has run snuilai 

tests remains g military secret, but it is 

clear that the Pentagon is working in that 
direction. Hack in L967, alter the two 

superpowers ratified a treaty outlawing 

nuclear vveapc ns in space, most people 
assumed that the heavens had heen de- 
clared oil limits to warfare. Hut a lot has 



happened since then, and now mil it.n \ 

analysts are beginning to take serious!) 

the notion that one dav a war might DC 

loujdit in space. 

In the era ol detente .1 in.i|"i < oufh< t 
between the U.S. and the only other 
power able to Bghl in space — the Soviet 

I nion— seems almost unthinkable. Hut 

military men are paid to plan lor wars 
that no one wants or expects to Bght 
Armies, navies and air forces now are 

hea\ dy dependent on space technology; 
they use satellites lor communications, 

surveillance and navigation by homhers 
and warships. It is not so giant a step lor 
the Superpowers to decide that, during 
SOm« Future crisis, they might want to 
make war on each others Spacecraft. The 

machines for waging that war are aln ad) 
being built, or designed, or at hast 
thought about seriously. By the 1980s, a 




46 



Drawings by lb Ohlsson 

Newsweek 



■".'.. •:■'■ 



' ~fy'". Do" 
Jffr career. 
5) Plan the fu- 
Tpare time and have 
Jndation to all of your 
Tn a trip carefully that will 
Brove your vocation. Avoid one who 
"is so very different from you. 
LIBRA (Sept. 23 to Oct. 22) Fine time for 
talcing care of responsibilities and 
planning for a brighter future ,as well. 
Try to please a loved one as much as 



a&c 



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and friends. 
AQUARIUS (Jan. 21 

you understand el 

plan you have in 

it in operation. 

Protect your interests. 
PISCES (Feb. 20 to March 20) Prospects of 

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better now than in the past. Forget all 

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^StiStf 



So 



SNft 



MANSON INTERVIEW 



Continued from First Page 

said, "In other words, the district at- 
torney's sex paranoia would have me 
doing all kinds of lascivious things 
because in his lugubrious brain he 
would be doing these things." 

On the subject of drug taking by 
himself and his "family," Manson told 
Fort: 

"I took LSD and it's heightened my 
awareness a little bit; made me aware 
of a few things I already knew. We 
weren't all that much into drugs. Ev- 
erybody's saying we were but that's 
not the truth. The truth is that we 
took acid whenever it was around 
. . . Sometimes it would be maybe 
once a week and sometimes once a 
month . . . We weren't into speed or 
hard drugs. A little hash and a little 
grass. Just a blaze kind of get -loaded 
social thing." 

Miss Van Houten is putting forth a 



"diminished capacity" defense, claim- 
ing that her ability to make decisions 
was severely diminished because of 
the heavy use of LSD and the domin- 
ation of Manson. 



Last Quadruplet 
Joins Her Family 

The James Dew family was reunit- 
ed in Poway Monday when the last of, 
quadruplets born in February was re ; 
leased from Childrens Hospital. Tr 
quads, born 12 weeks premature 
weighed a little over 2 pounds eacl 
birth and now range from 6 td 
pounds. 

Rachel Diane, the sickest o| 
babies with severe lung projj 
was retained nearly four month 
intensive care unit at the hi 





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Dog, Equine Owners Must R< 
City Licenses Starting Frida; 



Dog and equine owners were reminded 
by the Los Angeles Department of Animal 
Regulation Monday that it is licensing time 
for the 1977-78 fiscal year. 

Beginning Friday, new licenses will be 
-required for all dogs four months and older 
and horses, ponies, burros and mules. 

For unaltered dogs, the fee is $8.50; for 
spayed or neutered animals, $3.50. The 
equine fee is $6. Valid antirabies certifi- 
cates must be presented with application 
for all dog licenses. Senior citizens— 62 
years of age or older with maximum in- 
comes of $7,500— are entitled to free do£ 
licenses and spay-neuter services. 

Licenses may be obtained at all sj 

' shelters and at the Animal Rej 
i^nt Divisi 



Street, 215 W. Ann 
11th Ave.; West 
souri Ave.; West 
St., Chatsworth; 
San Pedro; and 
man Way, North 
Licenses also 
Informationj 



Bi 



Soviet Radio Plays U.S. Protest Songs 



MOSCOW OP)— Soviet radio listeners tuned 
in to an unusual 45 -minute concert of protest 
songs by Johnny Cash, Joan Baez, Judy Collins 
and other American folk singers Saturday. 

The program was the latest move in a mount- 
ing Soviet campaign to convince its citizens that 
human rights are frequently violated in the 
United States, a campaign evidently designed to 
blunt President Carter's criticism of civil rights 
violations in the Soviet Union. 

The theme was emphasized during the pro- 
gram by a narrator who delivered a social com- 
mentary on American life. 



"If you are poor, you have no freedom, no 
happiness, your spirit is broken, what then? 
Different people react in different ways, but 
many land in prison. The American prisons are 
packed up tightly with such people," the com- 
mentator said in introducing Johnny Cash's 
"San Quentin," recorded live at the California 
prison. 

"The big criminals pay off, they hire excel- 
lent lawyers," the commentator said. "And if 
they do get into jail, they land in a special pri- 
son where there are no bars on the windows, 
where they can play golf in the open air. or 



2* I05 3ngrlt3 Cimcs ] Q 

Sun., July 10, 1977 —Part I 



2nd Session • The Balance 
Persian & Oriental 

CARPETS 

rPUBLIC AUCTIQ&LSALE** 



- 'es importer of Persian aj 
pns) has released^ 
us oven* 



^wirhheld for 
aver bills 



baseball." 

The narrator pointed to treatment given con- 
victed Watergate figures such as former Atty. 
Gen. John N. Mitchell, who is serving a 2Vz-\a- 
8 year term at the minimum-security Maxwell 
Air Force Base, Ala., prison, an unwalled facili- 
ty located across from an Air Force golf course. 

By contrast, he said, San Quentin is one of the 
"most terrible prisons," primarily holding "peo- 
ple who were born with no rights." He added 
that "people who are fighting for human rights 
are also spending time in prison." 



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Just like the big fellows, this car brakes after crossing the finish line by deploying a parachut< 






Van Houten Jury Hears Manson Tape Leadf 

for H 



Cult Leader Denies in Interview He Ordered Slayings 



BY BILL FARR 

Times Staff Writer 

After more than two months of tes- 
timony that has almost always fo- 
cused on Charles Manson, the jury in 
the retrial of Leslie Van Houten 
heard the voice of Manson himself 
Monday. 

What the jurors heard was a tape 
recording of Manson being inter- 
viewed by Dr. Joel Fort, a San Fran- 
cisco psychiatrist called by Dep. Dist. 
Atty. Stephen Kay as a prosecution 
rebuttal v/itness. 

The jurors last week listened to 
Fort's version of what Manson said 
about Miss Van Houten but her de- 
fense attorney, Maxwell Keith, asked 
that the tape be played so they could 
hear it from Manson himself. 

Fort led off the two-hour inter- 
view, which took place last March at 



Folsom Prison, by saying to Manson: 

"Miss Van Houten says it's all your 
fault. Her attorney says that she 
didn't have anything to do with it and 
was just a robot. And I don't feel that 
is an adequate explanation. So I came 
here to give you a fair chance to pre- 
sent your point of view." 

Manson denied that he directed 
Miss Van Houten and two of his fol- 
lowers, Charles (Tex) Watson and 
Patricia Krenwinkel, to kill Rosemary 
and Leno La Bianca and also denied 
that he was even at the Los Feliz 
area residence the night of Aug. 10, 
1969, when they were stabbed to- 
death. 

Asked by Fort about how much in- 
fluence he had over Miss Van Houten, 
Manson replied: 

"People had Leslie Van Houten 
long before I had her. Her mother had 



her first, her dad had her, her parents 
had her, her school had her, TV had 
her, the movies had her, she was in a 
convent for a Buddhist, the Buddhists 
had her. 

"And you come up and say, 'Well 
you had influence over her.' Man, I've 
seen the broad only a few times ... I 
never paid that much attention to her 
... I'm telling you the truth. I never 
had that much effect on Leslie, be- 
cause I never— how can one guy have 
effect over 30 to 50 broads"? 

In discussing sexual activities of his 
group, Manson told Fort, "Ah, my 
moral fibers are not that of Hustler 
magazine. My moral fibers are not of 
the loose and promiscuous nature that 
they would project upon me." 

Refering to prosecutor Vincent Bu- 

gliosi, the 42-year-old cult leader 

Please Turn to Page S, Col. 1 



RENO, N" 
ston, know 
for her cami 
mustangs 
West, died 
cancer. She 

"Wild H 

years to j 
herds on tr 
states. The 
threatened 
wanted to 
food. 

She led 
Congress en<^ 
ing planes aa 
up the musta 
spur passage 
ing Horse A 
protection to • 
Plea 



INTERNATIONAL 

frill-blown war in space could leap oil the 
drawing boards. 

In theory, the battle for control of 
space could determine the outcome of a 
war on earth by crippling one side so 
badly that it would be beaten or forced to 
surrender. Some military thinkers even 
suggest that the superpowers may ulti- 
mately be able to fight bloodless wars in 
space, settling the issue there without 
ever firing a shot on earth. That is almost 
certainly a Utopian view; both sides have 
back-up, earthbound equipment for 
communications, surveillance and navi- 
gation that presumably would be used 
before the loser in space would capitu- 
late. But the fact that anyone could even 
talk of fighting a surrogate war in orbit 
shows how far and how fast the technol- 
ogy for space war has advanced. 

'Death Ray': Some people are appalled 
by suggestions that warfare might spread 
from the land, the sea and the air into the 
eerie fourth dimension of space. But that 
is a logical, if menacing, outgrowth of the 
revolution in military technology that 
has occurred in the past decade. New 
computers, guidance systems, sensors 
and lasers have created a breed of "one 
shot, one kill" weapons for conventional 
warfare. The stunning kill rate of tanks 
and other vehicles by "smart bombs" and 
wire-guided missiles during the 1973 
Mideast war gave an early hint of the 

^WBfflP^TnTeTnen^m'TJTTW'E 
have transformed the fighting capabili- 
ties, actual or potential, of superpower 
armies and navies (Newsweek, April 22, 
1974, and Oct. 27, 1975). 

If it comes, a war in space will be 
fought with a stunning array of futuristic 
weapons. New lasers are finally realizing 
the Buck Rogers dream of creating a 
"death ray." It is now possible to build 
hunter-killer satellites that can stalk en- 
emy spacecraft, inspect them and even 
destroy them. Satellite could fight satel- 
lite as each side strove to knock out the 
other's early-warning system. Laser- 
equipped satellites might also create, at 
last, a workable anti-ballistic-missile sys- 
tem capable of shooting down enemy 
rockets from platforms in space. 

Late in the 1990s, a superpower crisis 
escalates into an exchange of nuclear 
threats. Suddenly one side launches a 
barrage of rockets. They enter orbit and 
close in on the other nation's spy satel- 
lites, blowing them up one by one and 
crippling its early-warning system. 

Russian hunter-killer satellites poj 
the greatest immediate threat to thp^TS. 
in space. Beginning in 1967jlreSoviets 
conducted a series oL^eixteen experi- 
ments in whi chjtf wftanned hunter-killer 
Towed Soviet target satel- 
lites into space, maneuvered close 
enough to inspect them and later blew 
thems. 'ves up. Pentagon analysts con- 
cluded men that the U.S. had no real 
need for a hunter-killer weapon of its 
own, but even so Defense Department 
officials were r elieved when the Soviet 




tests stopped in 1971. Last February, 
however, the Russians resumed hunter- 
killer testing with a new series of five- 
shots, and now a note of worry has crept 
into U.S. statements on the subject. The 
Pentagon recently conceded that "we 
have been concerned over the surviva- 
bility of our satellite systems, and we are 
making aggressive basic technology re- 
search efforts to protect our satellites 
from this potential Soviet threat." 

The U.S. is already developing a 
broad range of new technology to de- 
fend its own satellites. Perhaps the most 
fascinating proposal is for the U.S. to put 
a large fleet of "dark" satellites into 
These small spacecraft would 
hi i 'llliiiinijiiii lnii[ exteriors and 

would generate^*^eir own electricity 
with miniature nuclea^^actors, instead 
of using more conspicuou>^>olar panels. 
They would be hidden in^ery deep 
space and would stay silentAexcept in 
times of crisis. Even then, me dark 
satellites would be nearly invisible to 
Soviet radar and radio interceptols, and 
there could be so many that thl Rus- 
sians could never shoot them all Sown. 

Another way for the U.S. to project its 
satellites would be to develop 
hunter-killers. They could des»x>y en 
emy spacecraft in various wdys — with 
lasers, by blowing themselveXup, or by 
"seeding" the paths of their^rgets widi 
flotsam or small exploirve charges. 
There is some public eWraence that the 
Pentagon is doing jmst that. Despite 
heavy censorship^^he Senate Space 
Committee is ojrrecord as observing 
during hearings last spring that the U.S. 
is "tryingJ^ develop a system that will 
actualhf^mpact" on enemy satellites. 
And^vnen Navy Secretary William Mid- 
?ndorf told newsmen recently that the 
Russians were using satellites to give 
their ballistic missiles mid-course guid- 
ance, he added, "We've got to work like 
mad to get them [the satellites] down 
real fast." When a reporter asked if the 
U.S. was developing a killer satellite, 
Middendorf responded, "We're working 
in that direction. " 

With its warning systems out of com- 
mission, the weakened superpower 
strikes back. Its own hunter-killer St tel- 
lites stalk the heavens and use short 



sharp bursts of laser rays to disable all 
the enemy spacecraft they can find. 
Soon each side has destroyed the other's 
unarmed satellites, and the killers begin 
to hunt one another. It is the first real 
dogfight of the first war in space. 

By the 1980s, the laser may be the 
basic weapon in space. The U.S. is al- 
ready using laser-equipped radar to track 
Russian spacecraft, and there is strong 
evidence — despite official U.S. den- 
ials — that the Soviets used lasers last 
year to temporarily blind the American 
early-warning satellites. Defense Secre- 
tary Donald Rumsfeld said the U.S. satel- 
lites had probably been dazzled by the 
glare of natural-gas fires along a pipeline 
in Western Russia. But he avoided say- 
ing flatly that lasers were not the cause. 
Pentagon skeptics point out that blind- 
ing episodes occurred over a period of 
three months and that one of them lasted 
for four hours. The radiation was be- 
tween ten and 10,000 times as strong as 
any natural blaze, and other defense sat- 
ellites failed to see the alleged "fires." 
"We have been flying those satellites for 
fifteen years," said one analyst. "It's a 
matter of logic. Either the sensors are in 
terrible shape, or it's the first time they 
were so badly fooled." 

Revolutionary Weapon: But if the Rus- 
sians did use a laser, it was based on earth, 
where the enormous electrical power 
needed to generate the beam of intense 
light was readily available. The need for 
electricity is what prevented anyone from 
putting lasers into orbit long ago. In the 
past five years, however, technology has 
taken a spectacular leap forward with the 
development of high-intensity chemical 
lasers, which work by mixing gases such 
as hydrogen and fluorine and need no 
large amounts of electricity. Chemical 
lasers have produced pulses of200billion 
watts for 20-billionths of a second, and 
researchers say that even so short a burst 
can vaporize metal and produce destruc- 
tive shock waves. The chemical laser, 
says a former Pentagon scientist, "is a 
perfect example of something that didn't 
even exist a short time ago, and now has 
its own high priesthood." 

If the chemical laser can be perfected, 
if will almost certainly be a revolutionary 
\ eapon. Its beam flies dead straight to its 



November 29, 1976 



47 



14 P«»t !-Thurs., Nov. 11, 1976 Hog Sngelesf £imcg 



AMONG WORLD'S DEADLIEST 



Silent, Slithering Trio Guards 
'Star of Lanka' Gem Exhibit 



STOCKHOLM (UPI)-Hundreds of 
Swedes visited the exhibition of precious 
jewels at the Sri Lankan/Embassy Wed- 
nesday, but it was the guards—three of the 
deadliest snakes in the world— that took 
their breath away. 

The three hungry snakes encircled the 
"Star of Lanka," a 392-carat blue star sap- 
phire worth $429,000, on display behind 
plate glass as the highlight of the exhibi- 
tion. 

The snakes— a Ceylonese saw-scaled vi- 
per (Echis carinatus), a tropical rattle- 
snake (Crotalus durissus terrificus) and an 
Argentinian horned viper (Cerastes cornu- 
ta)— are there to deter thieves with 
smash-and-grab ideas. 

"We selected the most poisonous, the 
most aggressive and the fastest snakes in 
the world for this job," said Stockholm 
snake expert Olle Rosenqvist. 

"Together, these three species form a le- 
thal triangle impossible to crack. 

"I put them on the edge of starvation for 
a week and they are in top shape right 
now, stuffed with poison," he said. "Each 
one of them is capable for seven fatal bites. 
With those three together, death is 100% 
certain within 10 minutes." 

Apart from the two-foot snakes, electro- 
nic devices also were utilized to guard the 
hundreds of sapphires, rubies and other 
dazzling jewels, all worth about $1.7 mil- 
lion. 

"The snakes are most beautiful, but if I 
had the choice, I would pick the sapphire," 
said a woman in her 60s. 






W2, 



The exhibition, which opened Monday, was 
part of a Sri Lanka State Gem Corp. project 
to establish Earopean markets. The gem 
collection will be shipped home after the 
display ends Sunday. 

"We want to make Sri Lanka (formerly 
Ceylon) well-known not only for its good 
tea but also for its gems," said Ambassador 
Rex Koelmeyer. 

It was the first time the "Star of Lanka" 
—found three years ago in a Ceylonese 
gem pit— was on display outside Asia. It 
has been outside Sri Lanka only once be- 
fore—for a Tokyo exhibition in 1973. 

Visitors reeled back when Rosenqvist 
opened the show case to i, *all the golf 
ball-sized otar sapphire. The ; nakes flicked 
their forked tongues as Rostnqvist, who 
has 22 years of experience with poisonous 
•snakes, slowly stuck his right arm into the 
case and placed the sapphire in the center. 

"One needs at least 80 milligrams of an- 
tipoison se; um to survive a bite?* he said. 

Serum is kept at the Karo.'inska Hospital 
and at a downtown pharmacy. But, said 
Rosenqvist. "we would have difficulties 
. . . because we would not know which 
snake was responsible for the bite." 

10 Killed as Train Rams Bus 

ZAGREB, Yugoslavia <£»)— Ten persons 
were killed and 20 injured Wednesday 
when a passenger train crashed into a bus 
on the outskirts of Zagreb, the capital of 
Croatia. Most of the casualties were pas- 
sengers on the bus. 



? 



PUBLIC AUl 

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Importers of finj 
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AUCTIONEER: SHIMON f 



OPEN DAII 





target at the speed of light — making it 
easy to aim and almost impossible to 
dodge. The Army, Navy and Air Force 
already are experimenting with the de- 
\ ice as a land-based defense against en- 
em) planes and even guided missiles. 
An armada of laser-equipped satellites in 
space also might be able to destroy both 
enemy spacecraft and ICBM's as they 
emerge from the atmosphere. 

Blinded by the loss of their satellites, 
the two Superpowers stagger along in a 
state of crisis, unable to reckon who 
would win a nuclear exchange — and 
therefore unwilling to launch one. At 
last, one side sends up a manned recon- 
ance satellite. The other natior 
launch* a space shuttle into orbit an 



the giant ship quickly overtakes the new 
space station. When the gap is closed, 
astronauts emerge from the shuttle and 
chop off the enemy spacecraft 's spread- 
ing solar wings. Two long mechanical 
arms pull the space station into the body 
of the shuttle, which flies back to earth 
with its prize. 

Perhaps the most powerful potential 
weapon in the U.S. arsenal is the mam- 
moth shuttle, the world's first real space- 
ship, a prototype of which was displayed 
publicly last September A joint project 
of the Nationa Aeronautics and Space 
Adi linisti 'tion (NASA) and the Penta- 
gon, the shuttle is currently under con- 
s»tu< tion in Downey, Calif., and sched- 
uled to make its first trip into orbit in 



INTERNATIONAL 

1979. Bigger than the old DC-3 airliner, 
the spaceship will carry seven astronaut! 
.Hid 65,000 pounds of cargo — twice die 
payload and three times the volume oi 
the biggest rockets now In use. It uill 
return to earth under its own power, [and 

like a conventional plane — and be ready 
fol .mother trip in ten days. 

Until the Russians build one oi their 
own, the shuttle will g\\i- the I S. .in ad- 
vantage In space. Its crew will be able to 
repair or refuel satellites already in orbit 
and to pick up worn-out or damaged 
spacecraft and replace them with new 

ones. II the f'.S. decides to put weapons 
into Orbit, the shuttle will be able to re- 
arm them il the need arises. In a crisis, it 

will be capable of swiping a Russian spy 

satellite or an orbiting laser station lioin 
the sky and bringing it back to earth. In 
fact, its hold will be big enough to carry 
an entire Soviet Salyut space station 
down from orbit, if that should suit Amer- 
ica's purpose (drawing, page 46). "I think 
the space shuttle has let a lot of demons 
out of the cave," says one U.S. space 
planner. "It has got people thinking." 

Dangerous Road: The U.S. lead in de- 
veloping a shuttle is partly offset by the 
fact that the Russians are considerably 
more active in space at present. In 1974 
and '75, the Soviets launched 199 satel- 
lites into orbit; the U.S. launched only 
48. But although the Russians may have a 
strong lead in hunter-killer techniques, 
the U.S. is believed to be ahead in lasers. 
A recent study for the Pentagon by two 
major defense contractors indicated that 
the U.S. could probably have its first 
laser weapons in orbit by the early 1980s. 

Whether it will do so is open to ques- 
tion. During the past year or so, military 
thinkers in and out of the Pentagon have 
quiedy begun to debate the wisdom of 
preparing for a war in space. Those who 
oppose the effort suggest that all forms of 
war ought to be kept out of space and that 
neither side would ever tolerate the oth- 
er's deployment of weapons in space. 
The critics also argue that no superpower 
could actually start a space battle without 
striking all enemy satellites at once; so 
devastating a move might provoke an 
immediate nuclear strike in reply. 

Some of those who support a military 
effort in space believe that fighting there 
might reduce the bloodletting on earth 
by allowing conflicts to escalate more 
slowly and by giving each side time to 
think about the consequences of failing 
to solve a crisis. Others, like Dr. Malcolm 
Currie, the Pentagon's director of re- 
search, argue that in any case the U.S. 
must keep up with Russia. In a recent 
speech, Currie contended that "the Sovi- 
ets have . . . seized the initiative in an 
area which we hoped would be left un- 
tapped. They have opened the sector of 
space as a new dimension for warfare, 
with all that implies. I would warn them 
that they have started down a dangerous 
road." Just how far the Pentagon plans to 
go down that road is a military secret, but 
clearly the journey has begun. 

—KIM WILLENSON with EVERT CLARK in Washington 



48 



111 



Newsweek, November 29, 1976 



ins 

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Death Valley Days 



Italian Pride in 
Columbus' Discovery 



It is strange indeed that David 
Saavedra (Letters, Oct. 28) should 
find it disagreeable for Italians to dis- 
play the Italian flag in the recent 
Columbus Day parades held in Chica- 
go and New York. Does he expect the 
Italians to fly the Spanish flag on 
Columbus Day? 

He is correct, of course, in stating 
that it took Spanish ships and Spanish 
crews under the banner of Castile to 
make Columbus' dream a reality. But 
these were merely accessories in the 
Great Discovery made possible by the 
courage, perserverance, faith and 
consummate skill of the great Gen- 
oese navigator. 

Of extreme significance is that the 
voyage, unlike most voyages, such as 
Magellan's, Diaz's, etc., was not man- 
dated by the crown but was entirely 
Columbus' own idea conceived in his 
adventurous brain in 1480. It was 
nurtured, researched, studied and 
even tried out on "dry runs" to Guin- 
ea in 1482-1484. 

Having failed to interest King John 
II of Portugal in 1484, Columbus pre- 
sented the plan to the Spanish mon- 
archs, Ferdinand and Isabella in 1486, 
who assigned the project to the Ta- 



lavera Commission for further inves- 
tigation. The plan was stalled for four 
years until 1490 when it was rejected. 
It was because of Columbus' faith and 
perseverance that a voyage to the In- 
dies was finally approved after the 
fall of Granada on January 2, 1492. 
The entire cost of the voyage cost 
less than $50,000 in today's dollars, 
part of which was financed by 
Columbus and his backers. 

Spain was to become the most 
powerful and richest country on earth 
as a result of Columbus' four voyages 
and his discoveries. Yet in the end 
Columbus was forsaken by the Span- 
ish sovereigns and died in 1506, a 
lonely figure, in Valladolid, not too far 
from the Spanish court. 

"The whole history of the Americas 
stems from the four voyages of Co- 
lumbus," stated the famous historian 
Samuel Eliot Mofison . . . "and as the 
Greek city-states looked back to the 
deathless gods as their founders, so 
today independent nations and dom- 
inions unite in homage to Christo- 
pher, the stout-hearted son of Genoa, 
who carried Christian civilization 
across the Ocean Sea". 

MARIO DI GIOVANNI 
Santa Monica 



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lege After 30 Years 



]gs no end— it's only offers starvation. You realize 

that the land of plenty has changed 

your life so greatly that you cannet 

er aeain lolerate starvation. The 



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BY JOHNNY HART 





"She's just CR> 
on 



~J 



BY GERRY. 



rding to experts who' 

U.S. Survey Finds 
Rise in High School 
In Use of Marijuana 



WASHINGTON. Nov. 23 (AP)--More' 
than half this year's class of high school 
.seniors tried marijuana and three out of 
'10 were users at graduation, according 
to Government surveys. 

The National Institute en Drug Abuse 
(surveyed 17,000 high school seniors in 
\l30 schools last spring and found that 53 
arce-rnt had trted marijuana, as against 
18 percent for the class of 1975. 

The survey, released today, said that 
}2 per cent regarded themselves as cur- j 
[rent marijuana users. 

Meanwhile, 53 per cent of those 18 
[to 25 years old had tried marijuana, ac- 
cording to another institute survey, and 
25 per cent were current users. It showed 
that 22 per cent of 12-to 17-year-olds 
lad experimented with marijuana and 15 
sr cent were regular or occasional users. 

Cigarettes Feared by Most 
Although cigarettes and alcohol were 
sed more frequently than marijuana by 
>ung adults, 57 per cent of high school 
pniors thought there was a serious 
jalth risk for cigarettes while only 40 
sr cent felt the same way about marijua- 
|a. 

The findings indicated that the use of 
ISD has remained virtually constant the] 
^st four years and that abuse of heroi 
jid psychotherapeutic drugs has been un 
panged the last two years. The rate o 
Icaine use was the same this year as 
11975. 

|Dr. Robert L. DuPont, the institute's 

rector, said that comparison of the sur- 

/s showed "an apparent stabilization 

drug use and the attitudes toward 

igs in general." 

f"The public, including youth, clearly 

cognizes the addictive effects of tobac- 

and alcohol and has very negative atti- 

Jdes toward the use of all illicit drugs 

tcept marijuana," he said. "Although 

rug abuse continues to be widespread! 

every region of the country, we are 

Feeing some slight downward trends for 

amphetamines. LSD and barbituates. 

larijuana is the only drug showing 

[definite upward trend." 

Two other Government-sponsored sur 
[veys released at the same time show 
[that drug abuse cost the nation from $8.4' 
billion to $12.2 billion a year, more than 
alcoholism but less than tobacco smoking. 
The school survey showed that only 
J39 per cent of the class of 1976 disap- 
jroved of experimenting with marijuana, 
[down from 47 per cent in 1975. The num- 
ber disapproving of regular marijuana use 
was 70 per cent, as against 72 per cent 
last year. 

Some 33 per cent of the seniors favored 
legalizing marijuana, while 29 per cent 
felt the penalty should be no worse than 
a parking ticket. Some 25 per cent fa- 
vored criminal sanctions; 13 per cent 
i were unsure. 

All age groups viewed tobacco and al- 
icohol as more addictive than marijuana, 
according to the surveys. Both youths 
and adults ranked heroin as more addic- 
tive than any other drug, with alcohol 
comingjn second. 



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>r one ex- 
rce is not 
3 be in 
tes that 
lebrat- 
left 

are 

'C- 



Rti- 

cisrr' from pastt^^Pfiay people 
would subside upon reading the book 
and understanding the context of 
pastoral concern in which the rites 
are placed. 

"At precisely the time when indivi- 
duals are most lonely and need to 
establish ' links of communication* 
with others," the book says, "mem- 
bers of the Christian community 
know least how to respond, and the 
person is usually met with silence, 
embarrassment and whispered con- 
versations that end abruptly when 
the person enters a room." 
The church has excluded itself 
divorce situations "partly be- 
muse it is assumed that the divorcing 
tple wish to keep their private af- 
p to themselves, partly because 
^breakdown of a marriage in a 
tcircle of intimates is an imme- 






*££; 



problems asi 

we all make mistake's. 

heads and be thankful for trie" ]o7t 

you share. Your lives and our lives 

can still be filled with joy." 



FDA Tests Link Between 
Diet and Hyperactivity 

WASHINGTON (UPI)— The Food 
and Drug Administration said Friday 
that it had signed a $106,840 contract 
to test a theory that color additives 
in food cause some children to be 
hyperactive. 

The agency said the test would in- 
volve 20 children aged 1 through 6 
who are on color-free diets and who 
have shown less hyperkinetic activity. 

The contract is with the Kaiser 
Foundation Research Institute of 
Oakland, Calif. 






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3774 LAS FLORES CT.. 

Right oft Venice Blvd., 1 block west of overland. Directions: Santa Monica Fwy. to Overland oil 
west on Venice Blvd. to Las Flores Ct, then turn right to Warehouse. If traveling San Diego FwyJ 

1598 S. ANAHEIM BLVD.. API 

(Across from Disneyland opposite side of freeway) Warehouse C is the first building on the rig 
North on Santa Ana Fwy., take Katella Exit and follow circle to Anaheim Blvd., go north on An 
Ball Rd. Exit, turn left and go east on Ball Rd., to Anaheim Blvd., then turn right and go south o 

501 SO. MYRTLE AV> 

Corner of Myrtle Ave. & Lemon St., 4 blocks So. of Foothill Blvd. Directions: 210 Fwy. to Myrtle i 
ley take San Bernardino Fwy. in to 605 Fwy. North: then continue on 605 Fwy. to the 210 Fwy. i 



12 Part I— Sat.,*Oec. 4. 1976 



Tog 3ngclftf Ei'mttf 



TH EY BOB, WEAVE AND COO 

Being a Sexual Object 
Is for Birds, Men Find 



fGREENACRES, Wash. OP)- As sex 

)jects, Robert Young and Lester 
io yd are for the birds. 

they bob, they weave, they coo 
tenuous mating calls and perform 
food exchange rituals— all to put up- 
tight falcons in the mood for romance. 

When the two men are successful, 
male falcons deposit semen in a spe- 
cial hat with a rubber ring, and fe- 
male falcons submit to artificial inse- 
mination. 

"The birds can be very finicky 
when it comes time to mate," said 
Young, a physician in this Spokane 
suburb. "There's a number of court- 
ship rituals you go through, such as 
food exchange. Eventually, the bird 
looks upon the human as a sexual ob- 
ject." 

Young and Boyd, a "Washington 
State University zoology technician 



at Pullman, are experienced falcon- 
ers' hunters who use birds of prey in 
catching animals. 

They began ■ using their complex 
breeding method, called "cooperative 
artificial insemination," three years 
ago as a way to increase their supply 
of birds. 

The technique has produced about 
20 falcons and hawks, many of them 
rare hybrids, the men said. Their fa- 
vorite variety is the prairie falcon, 
which has a 2 V^ -foot wingspan and is 
protected under federal migratory 
bird laws. 

In Pullman, Boyd begins the proc- 
ess with his stock of mostly male 
birds. Following the example of wild 
birds, he offers food to his falcon 
"mate" while bowing, posturing and 
warbling seductively. If the courtship 
ritual succeeds, the male bird hops 



More Snow in N.Y.; 
bid Records Fall 



From United Press International 



Jell Friday on Buffalo, N.Y., which already 

^snowfall it ordinarily gets for an en- 

l_ere yet by the calen- 

:old in other 



onto the special hat anc 
men. 

The sperm stays usablJ 
to 14 hours, so Boyd 
Greenacres by carrier pigel 
he uses pigeons because ihi 
able and cheap and spare] 
160- mile roundtrip drive. 

At Greenacres, Young ta 
with his stock of largely femi 
He goes through much the 
tual, and when the female is H 
implants the semen through 
tube. 

"Our interest is that it's 
forceful (as other methods), 
traumatic experience for the 
said Boyd. "We can get more 
out of the birds." 

Young's champion hen is a pi; 
falcon which has produced 17 
this year, 10 of them fertile. 

Birds of prey have been prodj 
by artificial insemination since 
1940s, Young and Boyd said, but \ 
breeders use their technique. 

Youth Crime Preventiol 

WASHINGTON GP)-The Law 
forcement Assistance Administra 
Friday invited public and prii 
agencies to apply for $10 millio^ 
federal money for programs to p| 
vent juvenile delinquency. 



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doesn't wa 
should simplyTa" 
*5, you have regardless of what he's all 
6n to politics Playgirl: Do you think yoJ 
'w would you dues? 

Beatty: Yes, I've given up a lot for pol 
to call me a hies. I also think I'm not making an 
rhen you say awful lot of people unhappy by not being 
lin a country interested in government. The political 
If the world's life is a life of thinking that you're doing 
ID to 40 per- something for people. So you do it, and 
|?ou have to you give yourself to it, and you really 
tral Demo- give things up, and afterwards people 
between say, "How could you have been such a 
kservative shit?" ■ 

Not an ■ 

Next month Claudia Drcifus interviews inter- 
ims that national journalist, Oriana Fallaci. Ms. Fal- 
laci's most celebrated political interviews 
• , include Henry Kissinger and the Shah 

isic in- of Iran. 

143 







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