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Blacks/Racism: Spring High Court Review 
for Labor “Bakke” Case 

800 words: ^ 

Health: De-Tox Launch Legal Suit 
Against Lincoln Hospital 

700 words: * 

Women/Sexism: FBI Intensifies Search for Kathy Power; 
Invades Women’s and Gay Communities 

800 words/ graphic 2 

Women: Women Await Important Abortion Decision 

400 words: • ^ 

Anti-Apartheid: Divestment Actions Hits Nation’s 
Oldest University 

300 words • ^ 

Blacks/Racism: Mississippi Won’t Budge as 10-Month 
Boycott Assumes National Importance 

950 words/graphic 5 

Film Review: Watership Down — A Horror Film 
for Children 

900 words: ® 

Blacks: Human Rights Day Protest Rally 

1000 words ' 

Anti-imperialist Action: Thousands Protest 
U.S. Involvement in Iran; U.S. Anti-Shah 
Organization Takes Off 

900 words/graphics 8 


Britain: British Prostitutes Call 

for Decriminalization; Threaten to Expose 
Wealthy Clients 

450 words: 

France: “Sheep, Not Cannons!” French 
Peasants Resist Army Camp Extension 

900 words 

Israel: Israel Tightens Ties with Repressive 

1800 words 

Namibia: South African— Sponsored Elections 
Boycotted by SWAPO 
700 words: 


Cover: photo from UN Human Rights Day Rally 
Credit: LNS Women’s Graphics 

Blacks: photo from UN Human Rights Day Rally P-1 

FBI/Women: cartoon P-1 

France: photo from Paris demo P-1 

Labor: cartoon P-1 

Right Wing: photo from Tupelo P-1 

Supplement to Graphics Packet 
Iran : photos from recent Iranian protests. P-2 and 3 


December 15. 1978 #939 


December 15, 1978 #939 

Packet #939 
December 15, 1978 
LIBERATION News Service 
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(See packet # 929 for more background 

Spring High Court Review 
for Labor “Bakke” Case 

NEW YQRK (LNS) — “Right now, 
Weber is probably the number one 
case,” Victor Goode, national director 
of the National Conference of Black 
Lawyers, told LNS in a telephone in- 
terview on December 12, the day the 
Supreme Court announced its decision 
to review the new “reverse discrimina- 
tion” case. “On the heels of Bakke,” 
Goode continued, “it could have a 
tremendous national impact. If educa- 
tional and employment opportunities 
are limited, the status of the minority 
community would be set back to the 
1960’s. Our very future would be im- 

The Weber case is being brought by 
Brian Weber, a 32-year-old white male 
lab analyst at a Kaiser Aluminum plant 
in Grammercy, Louisiana, against the 
company and the United Steelworkers 
of America (USWA). As Allan Bakke 
did in his suit against the University of 
.California at Davis Medical School, 
Weber claims that affirmative action 
programs for Blacks, other Third 
World people and women constitute il- 
legal discrimination against white men. 

“Those who talk about ‘reverse 
discrimination’ are trying to deny our 
history,” responds Jack Hartog of the 
Affirmative Action Coordinating 
Committee (AACC), a coalition of 
progressive legal and civil rights groups 
that formed after the Bakke decision 
was handed down last spring. “They 
are trying to say that this country has 
eradicated or transcended its legacy of 
racial and sexual discrimination. And 
both of these beliefs are fraudulent. 
The case is trying to perpetuate a 
fraud, that all discrimination is the 

Kaiser Training Program 

At issue in the Weber case is an affir- 
mative action program which was part 
of a nationwide agreement reached in 
1974 between Kaiser Aluminum and 
the United Steelworkers of America. 
The program was designed to remedy 
the near total absence of Black workers 
from skilled jobs in the aluminum in- 
dustry. Under the terms of the agree- 
ment, half of the slots in on-the-job 
skilled training programs at all Kaiser 
plants would be filled by Blacks. This 
policy was to remain in effect until 
“minority representation” in skilled 
jobs was equivalent to Black represen- 
tation in the labor force from which 
the plant recruited. 

At the time of the agreement, the 
Gramercy plant, situated on the banks 
of the Mississippi River in the Black 
Belt South, had a Black labor force of 
approximately 15 percent. Blacks made 
up 39 percent of the total population. 
But of the 290 skilled jobs at the plant 
only live were held by Blacks. 

“The Weber case,” Goode 
stressed,” involves voluntary affir- 

mative action between a company and 
a union. If it [voluntary agreement] is 
stricken out it will give employers the 
opportunity to go slow on even their 
modest efforts.” 

Goode then went on to express an 
opinion which the AACC recently in- 
troduced in a “friend of the court” 
brief against Weber — namely that even 
though the USWA and Kaiser are 
defendants in the case they are unlikely 
to present strong arguments in favor of 
affirmative action. 

“Kaiser and the union undertook 
this voluntary effort but only because 
they realized that it was only a matter 
of time before they would be. sued. 
That’s the way many of the voluntary 
efforts came about; it’s not simply a 
matter of the social conscience or good 
will of the employer,” he explained. 

Other “Reverse Discrimination” 
Suits in the Wings 

The Weber case, which the Court 
will probably rule on in the spring, is 
only the tip of an iceberg that right- 
wing interests have been harboring 
since Bakke came into view three years 
ago. Another case involves a white 
male professor who’s claiming that 
Virginia Commonwealth University 
discriminated against him when it hired 
two women instead in order to comply 
with federal guidelines on sexual 
descrimination. Cramer v. Virginia 
Commonwealth University has already 
been successful in one lower court and 
is presently being considered by a U.S. 
District Court in Virginia. 

In light of the threats of the Weber 
suit itself, and of these other suits on 
the right wing’s agend, Goode explain- 
ed at the end of his interview the im- 
portance that “those who organized 
against the Bakke decision organize 
just as strongly against Weber. We are 
hoping that Bakke didn’t drain 

everyone.” □ 

* * * 

The Affirmative Action Coordinating 
Committee publishes a newsletter and 
has established a hotline for informa- 
tion on affirmative action cutbacks. 
Write to: AACC c/o the National Con- 
ference of Black Lawyers, 126 W. 119 
St., NYC 10026. 

(See packet 937 for background infor- 

De-Tox Workers Launch Legal 
Suit Against Lincoln Hospital 

By Liberation News Service 

NEW YORK (LNS)— “We’re out 
here in limbo land, while the court 
system takes its time,” explained 
Walter Bosque, a worker at the 
recently-closed Lincoln De-Tox clinic 
in the South Bronx to LNS. “Our pro- 
gram is still functioning, but we’re no 
longer situated in the hospital.” 
Lincoln De-Tox, a clinic which of- 
fered counseling and acupuncture as a 
treatment for heroin addiction, instead 
of the more commonly used and addic- 

tive methadone, was closed by New 
York City police on November 28 and 
everyone was evicted. December 4, the 
workers went to court to protest the 
police action, and to demand that the 
clinic be reopened. Their request was 

Since then, the workers have filed a 
law suit against the Health and 
Hospital Corporation, Mayor Koch 
and Lincoln Hospital itself. The case 
will not be heard for at least a few 

With the clinic’s closing, the director 
of the program and one part-time doc- 
tor were fired for allegedly not following 
orders and for being uncooperative. 
The other 10 workers were reassigned 
to hospitals in the New York area. One 
acupuncturist was assigned to work at 
King’s County Hospital where there is 
no acupuncture program at all, and 
where primarily white doctors ad- 
minister methadone to Black patients. 

And as a result of the closing, many 
of the participants in the Lincoln De- 
Tox program have been forced back 
onto the streets. “We lost about one- 
fourth of our patients,” Bosque con- 
tinued. “At De-Tox we gave 
methadone for 10 days, each day 
decreasing the dosage. After a 10 day 
cycle, we’d give acupuncture 
treatments, heal with herbs and have 
counseling sessions. Now, when you’re 
on methadone, if you miss one day, 
you mess up the cycle. So many had to 
go back to using heroin. 

“We think it’s important to get the 
clinic back in the hospital. The hospital 
will try to put in a methadone 
maintenance clinic instead. It’s just 
another way for them to control people 
for the rest of their lives.” 

Methadone, which causes such “side 
effects” as liver, kidney and gall blad- 
der disorders, is highly addictive, and 
people who use it have to report for 
daily treatments. The courts and 
welfare system use methadone as a 
means of keeping track of people. 

For example, prisoners who are not 
even heroin addicts are often given the 
choice of taking methadone or serving 
their complete term. If they agree to 
methadone treatment, thus escaping 
part of their time in prison, they end up 
being on parole for the rest of their 
lives— reporting daily for methadone 

One such case was brought to public 
attention a few months ago. The police 
called a Methadone clinic in Harlem 
and asked the director to notify them 
when a certain patient came in. He did, 
the police arrived and shot the Black 

The Lincoln De-Tox clinic has been 
under attack for many years for its 
alternative methods of dealing with 
heroin addiction. Just recently, a 
Canadian acupuncturist who was sup- 
posed to come to De-Tox to see if the 
trainees were prepared to pass exams, 
was denied entrance to the U.S. Accor- 
ding to one of the trainees, “it was a 
clear attempt of not allowing us to get 
certification. He wasn’t even 
political— it’s because he was coming 

Page 1 


LIBERA TION News Service 

December 15, 1978 

more . . . 

to De-Tox that he was denied 

The closing of the clinic has not 
stopped patients from receiving 
acupuncture and counseling. An af- 
filiated clinic a few blocks away is now 
receiving De-Tox patients who were 
previously treated at Lincoln. 

Workers from De-Tox, community 
supporters, and participants in the pro- 
gram are busy mobilizing support for 

their upcoming case. 

* * * 

( For more information contact the 
clinic at: 349 E. 40th Street, Bronx, 
New York, (212) 665-1140) 

FBI Intensifies Search 
for Kathy Power; 
Invades Women’s and 
Gay Communities 

Liberation News Service 

NEW YORK (LNS) — Why after 
eight years has the Kathy Power in- 
vestigation suddenly become an FBI 
priority? Recent events in New York, 
Boston, Kentucky, Philadelphia and 
New Haven indicate that the FBI has 
once again intensified its search for 
Kathy Power, an anti-war activist and 
lesbian feminist. And many believe 
that this investigation is being used as a 
screen for penetrating the women’s and 
gay communities nationwide. In fact, 
the tactics used in recent months 
against feminists and gay activists are 
remarkably similar to those of the 
FBI’s illegal and allegedly discontinued 
COINTELPRO program. 

Power and lesbian feminist Susan 
Saxe were sought by an FBI dragnet 
following politically motivated actions 
including a bank robbery which 
resulted in the death of one Boston 
police official at the height of militant 
anti-war actions following the U.S. in- 
vasion of Cambodia. Both went 
underground in 1970. Susan Saxe was 
apprehended in 1975 and is currently 
serving time in Framingham, 
Massachusetts. Kathy Power, now on 
her seventh year on the FBI’s most 
wanted list, continues to be a source of 
embarassment for the FBI. The federal 
agency is offering $10,000 for informa- 
tion leading to her arrest. 

On December 4, 100 people attended 
a teach-in in Washington D.C., called 
to inform the community about 
Power’s case. Shortly after the event 
LNS talked with pne of its par- 
ticipants, Jill Raymond. 

Raymond, who spent 14 months in a 
Lexington, Kentucky prison for refus- 
ing to cooperate with the FBI’s in- 
vestigation, explained why the meeting 
was being held. “ We’re trying to en- 
courage people in areas where there is a 
community that may be the target of 
this sort of harassment. They should 
start holding meetings, forums, discus- 
sions [on FBI harassment and grand 
jury abuse]. They should also try to get 
the word out about what exactly is hap- 

Although nothing has happened yet 
in Washington, D.C. where Raymond 
lives, the situation is quite different for 
some of the other women involved. 
Take the case of Ellen Grusse, for ex- 
ample. Grusse and another New Haven 
resident, Terri Turgeon, already spent 
time in jail in 1975 for refusing to 
cooperate with the FBI’s witch-hunt. 
This August she was threatened with 
another grand jury subpoena after 
refusing to answer FBI questioning. 

While Grusse was being investigated 
in New Haven, FBI agents had the Lex- 
ington women’s community under 
surveillance. The FBI has also invaded 
women’s and gay communities in 
Dover, Delaware and Durham, N.C. 
Bookstores, women’s centers, bars and 
other social and political meeting 
places were spied on and hundreds of 
women were questioned about friends, 
associates and political beliefs. 
Relatives and even former employers 
of feminists and lesbians were ques- 
tioned extensively. 

According to the Grand Jury Pro- 
ject, the FBI even assaulted a woman 
in New York City, demanding to know 
if she was Kathy Power. Back in 1975, 
the FBI used the Power case to gather 
intelligence about the women’s move- 
ment, its politics and its leaders, 
throughout the eastern part of the 
country. Eight of the women who were 
subpoenaed in the course of the case 
refused to cooperate with the FBI’s 
hunt for Kathy Power. As a result, all 
were jailed for contempt of a grand 
jury for up to 14 months. 

Now, three years later, the FBI is at 
it again. In Boston, which appears to 
be the headquarters for the new in- 
vestigation, women active in the 
defense of Susan Saxe have learned 
that the agency obtained phone com- 
pany records of all their long distance 
calls. At the request of the FBI, the 
company waited the legal maximum 
time (six months) before notifying 
some of the women that their toll call 
records had been subpoenaed. In the 
meantime, FBI agents have in- 
vestigated those listed on the phone 
records, calling or visiting people in 
New York, Philadelphia, Lexington, 
Dover, Washington, D.C. and 
elsewhere. The tactics used in the in- 
vestigation have included lies, offers of 
money for information, threats of 
grand jury subpoenas, and have ex- 
tended to people’s families, friends and 

All of the FBI’s actions, however, 
have strengthened the resolve of Ray- 
mond and other feminists like her to 
fight against the current campaign. 

“I find that it is because of what I 
went through, and because some of the 
people involved in the recent question- 
ing are some of the same people who 
were involved in the Kentucky in- 
vestigation — people who went to jail 
with me — that I am still involved,” 
mentioned Raymond. 

She went on to suggest some possible 
reasons for the FBI’s revived probe for 
Kathy Power. 

“First of all, the longer Kathy goes 

without being caught, the worse her 
case gets [for them]. 

“Right now they could be feeding on 
the more developed right wing 
backlash, trying to cash in on that 
whereas before they pretty much ended 
up looking like bad guys even to those 
people who were not particularly 
radicalized. They just may feel as if the 
climate is sufficiently ‘right’ to move in 

Betsy Kane, a member of the Grand 
Jury Project in New York City echoed 
Raymond’s impression in a phone in- 
terview with LNS. 

“This year, ’78, is very critical year 
in terms of the Right consolidating its 
forces. Look at all the things that have 
been happening, the anti-abortion 
campaigns, anti-gay initiatives, Bakke. 
It’s also an important time in terms of 
the F.B.I. It’s time for them to polish 
their image. 

“We believe that these investigations 
are in fact part of a larger effort to 
eradicate the history of popular 
resistance to the war in Southeast Asia, 
and to fan the flames of anti-woman, 
anti-gay sentiment promoted by an in- 
creasingly powerful alliance of big 
business and conservative politi 
cians.“ □ 

* * * 

The Grand Jury Project has 
established a hotline to provide sup- 
port and counsel to those who have 
been contacted by the F.B.I. More in- 
formation and copies of letters pro- 
testing the agency's harassment of the 
women's and gay communities can be 
obtained by writing to: 

The Grand Jury Project 
853 Broadway Room 116 
New York, New York 10003 

(See packet 4914 for background infor- 

Women Await Important 
Abortion Decision 

NEW YORK (LNS)—- The final 
arguments in the only lawsuit challeng- 
ing restrictions on Medicaid funding 
for abortion were heard December 4. 
Now lawyers are awaiting the decision 
of a Federal Court in Brooklyn, N.Y. 
— a decision which could affect the 
fate of millions of women seeking fun- 
ding for abortion. 

The class action suit, McRae vs. 
Califano, was filed in 1976, on the day 
the first Hyde Amendment ruling went 
into effect, on behalf of women who 
need Medicaid abortions, doctors who 
wqnt to be able to provide them, and 
the Women’s Division of the Board of 
Global Ministries of the United 
Methodist Church. 

Before 1976, the federal government 
reimbursed states for all abortions 
covered under their Medicaid pro- 
grams. Since then, three successive 
riders cutting off federal funds (which 
used to match funds provided by state 

Page 2 


LJBERA TION News Service 

December 15, 1978 

more . . . 

agencies) have been enacted. 

The first, in 1976, allowed funding 
only where continued pregnancy would 
endanger the life of the woman. The 
following two allowed funding only 
when two doctors could certify that 
severe and long-lasting physical health 
damage would result if the pregnancy 
were carried to term. They also permit- 
ted funding if the pregnancy resulted 
from rape or incest. 

Since these riders have gone into ef- 
fect, there have been 98.2 percent 
fewer Medicaid abortions in those 
states which have cut back abortion 
coverage under their Medicaid pro- 

The suit challenges the constitu- 
tionality of these amendments, 
specifically addressing these issues: 

• whether the federal Medicaid statute 
requires states to provide reimburse- 
ment for medically necessary abortions 
regardless of whether federal matching 
funds are available; 

• whether the Fifth Amendment’s 
guarantees of due process and equal 
protection are violated when a state 
withdraws funds for medically 
necessary abortions from a program 
designed to provide medically 
necessary services to the poor; 

• whether the anti-abortion amend- 
ments violate the free exercise of 
religion (guaranteed by the First 
Amendment) by institutionalizing only 
one of many religious beliefs concern- 
ing abortion and conception. 

“The case is critical to the women’s 
movement,” according to Janet Ben- 
shoof, an ACLU lawyer for the case, 
“because the most important right we 
have is to control our own bodies. And 
it is poor women who bear the brunt of 
society’s attitudes toward the poor and 
towards sex. We will take it all the way 
to the Supreme Court if we have 
to.” □ 

British Prostitutes Call for 
Decriminalization; Threaten to 
Expose Wealthy Clients 

NEW YORK (LNS)— Prostitutes, 
said medieval theologians St. 
Augustine and St. Thomas, are to a ci- 
ty what sewers are to a palace. This 
“necessary evil,” defined by men from 
time immemorial, is being taken to 
task by British prostitutes who have 
threatened to expose the names — and 
pleasures— of judges, bankers and civil 
service workers if prostitution in 
England remains a crime. And if 
there’s any doubt about the authentici- 
ty of their accusations, the women say 
they have photographs as evidence. 

At an early December conference in 
Westminster, England, British pro- 
stitutes made clear that they were not 
interested in government legislation, 
but only in decriminalization. “We do 
not want Govenment regulation, like in 
Holland and Germany,” explained one 
women who is also a social worker in 
Camden. “It should not be up to the 
government how many hours a day we 

Page 3 m9) 

work or how often.” 

Until 1900, prostitution in England 
was not viewed as a legal offense if the 
parties involved showed suitable 
discretion. The sale of sex behind 
closed doors is still considered legal, 
but street prostitution isn’t. The British 
women also object to the upper class 
bias which permits more elite prostitu- 
tion houses to operate without disrup- 
tion while decrying “common prostitu- 

“The truth is,” wrote Simone de 
Beauvoir in the feminist classic The Se- 
cond Sex, “that in a world where misery 
and unemployment prevail, there will 
be people to enter any profession that 
is open; as long as a police force and 
prostitution exist, there will be 
policemen and prostitutes, more 
especially as these occupations pay bet- 
ter than others.” 

Some 30 years after the book’s 
publication, the British women bear 
out de Beauvoir’s analysis: “Women 
go on the game because of poyerty,” 
said the English Collective of Pro- 
stitutes present at the conference. “The 
single mother gets 14 pounds a week 
from social security— and prostitution 
is the traditional way to earn 
money. . . [Still], we don’t want . . . 
the law taking our kids away from us; 
and we don’t feel entitled to police pro- 

Women elsewhere have found that 
exposure of prominent figures in socie- 
ty is an effective tactic. Prostitutes 
in Madrid, Spain promised to point 
their fingers at upper-class clients if 
police harassment continued. The 
strategy worked and the women filed 
their photographs away for possible 
future use. □ 

(See photo) 

“Sheep, Not Cannons!” 
French Peasant Resist 
Army Camp Extension 

By Schofield Coryell 
Liberation News Service 

PARIS (LNS)— After a month of 
marching 450 miles across the country, 
22 peasants from the Larzac region in 
the South of France reached the out- 
skirts of Paris, December 2, to a 
welcoming crowd of 40,000. 

The marchers, leaning on their 
canes, limping slightly, their faces 
reflecting excitement and a sense of 
triumph, had made the trek to 
publicize their opposition to the French 
Government’s plans to drive them 
from their land in order to extend the 
scope of a nearby army training camp. 

The 22 took their place at the head 
of the demonstration, carrying a big 
red banner with the words “Gardarem 
lo Larzac!” meaning “We Shall Keep 
the Larzac” in the language of their 
Occitania region. Other banners read, 
“Save the Larzac!” “Sheep, Not Can- 
nons!” and “Volem Vieure al Pais!” 

LIBERA TION News Service 

or “We Want to Live in Our 

The demonstration was the 
culminating event in a long series of ac- 
tions by the Larzac peasants and their 
supporters. In October, several 
peasants staged a hunger strike in 
Paris. They’ve been refusing to get off 
their land since 1970. 

The demonstrators were given 
authorization to gather on the outer 
Boulevards of the city, not in the center 
of town, and complied with these 
regulations out of respect for the 
peasants who have been conducting a 
non-violent struggle. 

However, the riot police showed up 
in full force, and some skirmishes did 
take place. Among the “demon- 
strators” was a group of leather jacket- 
ted, middle-aged men having a more 
military than “militant” appearance. 
These individuals hurled molotov 
cocktails at the riot police, then passed 
through the police lines unharmed. 

Taking advantage of the molotov 
cocktail throwing, the riot police fired 
tear gas grenades into the main body of 
marchers, just as the marchers started 
moving. The air was filled with the 
acrid bite of the gas, and the 
demonstrators, refusing to become 
provoked, sat down on the streets and 
waited. Finally the police backed away 
and the demonstration continued. 

Then a delegation of 1 1 went to meet 
with high-ranking official Paul 
Masson, on the President’s instruc- 
tions. Previously, Giscard d’Estaing 
had refused to have any of his staff 
meet with the peasants, stressing the 
need for national defense and military 

According to one Larzac delegate, 
“It was the first time since our fight 
began that we had a chance to discuss 
the matter with a responsible govern- 
ment official. We had to walk 710 
kilometers for that, even though the 
official told us we could have saved 
ourselves the trouble by telephoning 
for an appointment and then taking the 

“We know very well that the recep- 
tion we finally got was due to our sus- 
tained action,” said another delegate. 
“At least this was an opening. Now we 
have a foot in the door. The Govern- 
ment has to take us seriously.” 

Masson told the peasants that 
“plans for enlarging the camp would 
go forward to completion,” but that 
“the ideal situation would be that no 
peasant would have to leave the en- 
vironment.” They interpreted this to 
mean that the government was trying 
to compromise by expanding the camp, 
but offering the peasants land 
elsewhere in the area. 

Commented one peasant in 
response, “We object to the expression 
‘environment’. What does it mean ex- 
actly — the Larzac plateau, the Oc- 
citania region, or the whole territory ot 
France? We would prefer the expres- 
sion ‘means of livelihood.’” 

The marchers returned to their farms 
to discuss the outcome with those who 

December 15, 1978 more... 

stayed home to work. “The Defense 
official told us that the discussion 
should be confined to the Government 
and the 103 peasant* directly 
involved,” said one peasant. “But the 
fact is that if we did not have the sup- 
port of all the thousands of people who 
came out on the streets on Saturday, 
we would never stand a chance of even- 
tually winning this fight to keep our 
lands and go on living and working in 
the Larzac.” 

Commented another, “The official 
wanted to know who was our leader. 
We said we have no one leader. 
Everyone of us has to be consulted. He 
wanted to regard me as the leader 
because I was doing most of the talking 
at the press conference. But that’s just 
because I happen to talk more easily 
than others — no one is authorized to 
represent the others. All our decisions 
have to be arrived at collectively. That 
is the secret of our force.” 

As for the future, the peasant said, 
“We’re planning to go ahead with our 
activities aimed at popularizing the 
issues and putting pressure on the 

And the Larzac peasants are setting 
up a “parallel bank” to facilitate fund 
raising since the established banks will 
not extend loans to those whose land is 
threatened. □ 

Israel Tightens Ties 
with Repressive Regimes 

by Ted Chandler 
Liberation News Service 

NEW YORK (LNS)— As Nica- 
ragua’s brutal dictatorship braces itself 
for an expected offensive by guer- 
rillas of the Sandinist National Libera- 
tion Front (FSLN), Somoza’s National 
Guard has been forced to place its 
military confidence in the hands of 
Israel — one of its main suppliers of 
counter-insurgency weaponry. For 
some, this might appear to be a unique 
set-up, unlike any of Israel’s other rela- 
tionships with nations in the world. 

But it is not. In fact, since its crea- 
tion in 1948, Israel has adhered to a 
foreign policy that openly supports 
repressive regimes by offering them 
economic and military support. 

In Asia, for example, Israel has sold 
Kfir jets to Taiwan, which would 
enable the Chiang Kai-shek regime to 
launch aggressive air attacks in the 
region. And earlier this year, Tel Aviv 
played host to the chief of the Philip- 
pines Constabulary, General Fidel 
Ramos. Faced with a growing in- 
surgency in the southern island of Min- 
danao that has been fueled by the ex- 
pansion of Christian settlements into 
Muslim lands, the Marcos regime is 
anxious to study the fortified villages 
which Israel has established on Palesti- 
nian and Arab land. 

Israel Bolsters Thai Dictatorship 

But Israeli influence has most ob- 
viously gone beyond the traditional 

diplomatic foundations of an overseas 
mission in Thailand. Among the 
numerous programs that make up 
Israel’s Thailand connection are: 

° Security assistance talks conducted 
last year with the Thai Interior ministry 
— which until recently controlled the 
CIA-inspired Border Patrol Police 
responsible for the brutal assault on 
Thammasat University in the 6 Oc- 
tober 1976 coup. 

• Financial support and planning for a 
mammoth, Thai government- 
sponsored agricultural complex near 
Hua Hin in peninsular southern 
Thailand, intended as a show-case 
alternative to socialist agricultural col- 

• Labor-training programs, provided 
through Histadrud, the Zionist labor 
organization, under which the Thai 
labor leaders spend up to three months 
in Israel learning conservative, 
U.S. -style trade unionism; 

Helmets to the Junta 

Israeli kibbutzim, known mostly 
for their citrus produce, also 
cultivate a less known crop: military 
equipment. Mapam Kibbutz 
Mishmar Ha’amek, manufacturer 
of army helmets, has a working rela- 
tionship with the Chilean junta. 

Recently, Israel has also been 
showering Nicaragua’s Somoza with 
counter-insurgency hardware to 
suppress the popularly-supported 
Sandinista guerrillas, a gesture 
which critics believe is a screen for 
U.S. -desired intervention. 

This open support of Latin 
American dictatorships is just 
beginning to meet public scrutiny. 
For example, press reports recently 
cited Israeli sales of Uzi 
machineguns, barbed wire and elec- 
tronic surveillance devices to several 
Latin American juntas. 

Israel has also developed cozy ties 
with the brutal secret police agencies 
of Chile, Argentina and Ecuador. 
According to Ha’aretz , an Israeli 
daily, “sophisticated equipment and 
counseling services” have been 
given to these agencies as part of 
Israel’s “anti-terror support” policy 
in Latin America. □ 

• Substantial proposed Israeli in- 
vestments in two projected tin- 
concentrate and tin ingot-forging con- 
cerns in Kanchanaburi (western 
Thailand) and Samuth Sakhorn (on the 
northern shore of the Gulf of 

•A multi-million-dollar vegetable- 
processing venture established near 
Lamphun in the north of Thailand; 

• A proposed desalinization project 
that would draw on Israeli funds and 
experience to convert sea-water into 
water for irrigation purposes. 

Ties are Political 

Why is Israel so interested in 
Thailand? First, Thailand, like Israel 
itself, has since World war II been 
firmly attached to the U.S. camp. It is 
only logical for Israel, increasingly 
hard-pressed on the international 
scene, to look for friends amongst the 
allies of its chief sponsor— and the pre- 
sent Thai regime is one of the closest to 
Washington and the CIA. 

Second, Thailand has a substantial 
Muslim minority: 4 percent of the 
population, according to government 
staistics, 8-10 percent according to 
Thai Muslims themselves. In the ex- 
treme south of Thailand, Muslims of 
Malay stock, who actively identify with 
the world of Islam, have organized 
military forces that are fighting against 
the present Thai military dictatorship. 
Faced with the consequences of its own 
steady absorption of Arab lands, Israel 
must naturally, if incongruously, ally 
itself with the officially Buddhist Thai 
state — and, in fact, with anti-Muslim 
forces everywhere, such as the Marcos 
regime in the 90 percent Roman 
Catholic Philippines. 

Finally, since the October 6, 1976 
military coup, Thailand has been 
steadily slipping into civil war. Already 
military operations against the 
communist-led armed struggle move- 
ment include the bombing of rural 
areas and the strategic hamlets which 
eerily recall U.S. intervention in South- 
east Asia in the last decade. Israel ob- 
viously cannot ally itself with the 
revolutionary forces, whose victory 
would clearly add yet one more oppo- 
nent to the long list of nations, govern- 
ments, and movements that condemn 
the Zionist regime. In effect, there is 
no other course open to Israel than to 
support the Royal Thai Government. 

In addition, the pecuiar state/private 
enterprise nature of the Israeli 
economic system supplies further 
motive. The vegetable-processing plant 
in northern Thailand, for example, was 
intended as a profit-generating venture 
pure and simple, with Thailand playing 
host to Israeli capital just as it does to 
investment from the U.S., Japan, and 
western Europe. 

The same is true for the tin- 
processing projects. Israel is slated to 
provide a hefty— and controlling— 40 
percent of the capital for the tin-ingot 
enterprise at Samut Sakora, which will 
be capitalized at 172 million baht. 

Israeli Strategy Will Fail 

On balance, however, Israel’s 
politico-economic strategy in Thailand 
seems ulikely to succeed. Most objec- 
tive observers of the Thai scene believe 
that the revolutionary movement has 
gained significant strength in the last 
two years and that this trend will con- 
tinue. At the same time the central 
government remains sharply divided 
against itself, between royalist par- 
tisans, who fear any substantial 
change, and technocrat reformers, who 
fear the refusal to change will soon br- 
ing yet another revolutionary victory in 
Asia. Thus, with its support of the 

Page 4 


LIBERA TION News Service 

December 15, 1978 

more ... 

Thai Government, Israel does not ap- 
pear to be lining up with a sure winner. 

Nor can the Israeli projects in 
Thailand be termed successes. One 
Thai analyst concludes about the 
super-agricultural complex near Hua 
Hin that, “it would collapse if they 
[Israel] pulled their money out.” 
Moreover, since neither Israel nor the 
Thai government can afford to back 
similar grandiose schemes elsewhere in 
the country, the project has no hope of 
fulfilling the prototype role for the 
Thai peasantry that it ostensibly was 
designed to serve. 

The Johannesburg Connection 

During the 1960’s, Israel mounted 
an extensive effort to win friends in 
Black. With the failure of that cam- 
paign after the 1967 war, Israel has 
replaced it with the steadily develop- 
ing relationship with racist South 

For example, Israel has sent 
military instructors to South Africa 
specializing in anti-guerrilla warfare 
along with equipment designed for 
the same purpose. Such counter- 
insurgency goodies as Uzi 
machineguns, rifles, mortars, com- 
puters, communications systems 
and night vision devices have been 
sold to the apartheid regime. 

Cooperation in the economic 
sphere has grown, too. As Peter 
Vale of the South African Institute 
of International Affairs in Johan- 
nesburg puts it: “Both nations find 
themselves as pariahs, so it becomes 
expedient for pariahs to trade with 
each other.” Since 1973 trade bet- 
ween the two countries has increas- 
ed threefold. The most vital trade 
for Israel is in energy. South Africa 
has agreed to provide Israel with 
40,000 tons of coal a month to 
operate what will be its largest 
power station, at Hadera on the 
Mediterranean. And should there be 
an oil embargo, South Africa will 
grant Israel as much coals as it 
wants. In time of war, the coal con- 
voys will be escorted to their 
destination by joint South African- 
Israeli naval forces. 

These are only a few examples of 
the collusion which operates at 
every level of Israeli-South African 
diplomacy, from investment in 
South Africa “border” areas where 
cheap Black labor is plentiful to ex- 
changing nuclear bomb techno 
logy. □ 

Another agricultural project, the 
Lamphun vegetable-processing facili- 
ty, is now bankrupt. 

Important aspects of both Israeli 
economic and political penetration ap- 
pear therefore to be in some trouble. 
The security assistance agreements and 
the conservative influence on the labor 
movement probably represent more 
serious forms of Israeli intervention. 

Page 5 (#939) 

Nevertheless, given Thailand’s overall 
instability, it is unlikely that Israel’s 
strategy will be able to bring about 
lasting influence, just as its earlier 
“aid” to African countries ultimately 
failed to win it support. □ 

Divestment Action Hits 
Nation’s Oldest University 

NEW YORK (LNS)— Despite chilly 
rains and the early departure of college 
officials, 80 students and community 
residents in Williamsburg, Virginia 
marched outside the nation’s oldest 
school, William and Mary, on 
December 9 to protest the school’s in- 
vestments in corporations that do 
business in racist South Africa. The ac- 
tion was called to get the message 
across to the school’s Board of 
Trustees that its reported $650,000 in- 
vestment portfolio would no longer be 

For almost an hour, demonstrators 
chanted, “Divest now!” and carried 
placards bearing similar messages even 
though school officials had cancelled a 
planned Board meeting and gone home 
for Christmas vacation. At the end of 
the protest, over half the protesters 
marched to the home of Thomas 
Graves, president of William and 
Mary. Earlier in the day, Graves had 
announced that college officials do not 
plan to revise the investment policies 
under which two firms, David A. Bab- 
son and Company and Capitoline In- 
vestment Service have invested the 
school’s money in at least 19 firms 
operating in South Africa. 

But the students are determined to 
change this. For starters, they’re 
demanding that the school drop all of 
its investments in apartheid, hand over 
a full list of its investments to students 
and set up a “monitoring committee” 
to keep track of where the money goes. 

“We’re going to begin some educa- 
tion programs in early spring to get this 
[message] out to the college and com- 
munity,” said Doug Green who recent- 
ly graduated from the school. “[We 
are planning] for a larger demonstra- 
tion in the spring.” 

Green is active along with a number 
of students and community residents in 
a coalition called the South African 
Divestment committee. He said that 
they were pleased with the student tur- 
nout and that support for the group 
will grow. 

“This many people out in this crum- 
my weather means this is an issue,” he 

concluded. □ 

* * * 

Thanks to Blaine Coleman of 
Williamsburg South Africa Divestment 
Committee for this information . 

The South Africa Catalyst Project 
(west) is now publishing a national 
newsletter , A Luta Continua of U.S. 
student anti-apartheid movement 
News. To receive the newsletter as well 
as information about possible activities 
in your vicinity , write to them at 3470 
Middle f ield Rd., Palo Alto, CA 94306. 

LIBERA TION News Service 

Mississippi Blacks Won’t Budge 
as 10-Month Boycott 
Assumes National Importance 

by Liberation News Service 

NEW YORK (LNS)— Merchants are 
down and out in Lexington, Mississip- 
pi. Financially strapped at the height of 
the Christmas buying season, local 
business owners have sued the United 
League of Northern Mississippi and 
other civil rights organizations for 
boycotting white-owned businesses. 
The 10 month-long boycott began as a 
protest against the beating of a Black 
prisoner by a white policeman in near- 
by Tupelo. 

Since then the movement has grown 
severalfold. And Blacks are now 
demanding equal access to jobs in 
education and local government — a 
clear sign that the movement is gaining 

Though initiated by the outraged 
Black community in Tupelo, the 
boycott has had even greater impact on 
Lexington business ledgers. Holmes 
County where Lexington is situated is 
75 percent Black, while Tupelo’s 
population is 70 percent white. By tak- 
ing local civil rights groups to court, 
Lexington merchants hope to make a 
last stab at holiday season profits. And 
by forcing the Black community’s 
hand, they hope to clip the 
community’s new sense of autonomy. 

The merchants’ suit follows fast on 
the heels of a United League 
demonstration held Thanksgiving 
weekend in Tupelo. The march and ral- 
ly commemorated the deaths of local 
League activists and reaffirmed the 
League’s commitment to the boycott 
and its affirmative action jobs pro- 
gram. Simultaneously, the Ku Klux 
Klan staked out an armed vigil in front 
of the Tupelo police station— an 
acknowledged bedrock of Klan 
membership. Tupelo bureau FBI 
spokesperson John Kelly answered 
queries from area reporters about arm- 
ed Klan members by stating that “the 
FBI knows nothing of this matter; we 
are not staging an investigation at this 
time.” Local U.S. Treasury spokesper- 
son D.F. Easley concurred: “All this is 
news to me. In any case, carrying arms 
is not in violation of the U.S. Constitu- 
tion.” By contrast, League 
demonstrators marched peacefully. 

League Morale Blossoms 

Neither the 10-month boycott nor 
organized Klan terror has dampened 
League morale. “Oppression,” award- 
winning Mississippi journalist Joseph 
Delaney told LNS, “is another chapter 
in the lives of northern Mississippi 
Black people. If you live here, you 
understand the nature of the struggle, 
and that keeps your spirits from flagg- 

“If the League is to accomplish 
anything,” Delaney continued, “it has 
to ignore everything that is not actually 
part of its program. Like the Klan, for 
example. Our purpose is to construc- 

December 15, 1978 more... 

tively find solutions to Black 
unemployment and police harassment. 
Outsiders may think we struggle for the 
sake of theatrics. But this is no blues 
song we’re singing. People, like the 
3,000 who marched in Tupelo over 
Thanksgiving, are standing up and tak- 
ing the punches.” 

Tupelo, says Delaney, does not 
signify the resurgence of a Black strug- 
gle. “It’s the continuation of a struggle 
that dates back to 1612 when Black 
people were brought to Jamestown, 
Virginia as slaves. People here have a 
profound sense of their history. Each 
one of us knows we are descendants of 
Blacks who came to this country bound 
in shackles. Now people outside 
Mississippi are taking a new look at 
rural southern Blacks. What they see is 
a broad-based movement starting in 
Tupelo, radiating out to wherever 
Black people live. 

“For example,” Delaney continued, 
“that memorial service on Thanksgiv- 
ing wasn’t simply a religious ode. Peo- 
ple at that service expressed their com- 
mitment to each other because they 
have watched their loved ones bleed. 
This isn’t just another cliche: the strug- 
gle for Black dignity goes on in Johan- 
nesburg and comes right back to 
Mississippi, and people understand 

Give Credit Where It’s Due 

In explaining the success of the 
United League’s organizing efforts, 
Delaney chastised journalists for 
writing insufficient accounts of the 
Tupelo struggle, ignoring, for exam- 
ple, the substantial contributions made 
by women and the elderly. 

“They have neglected the tremen- 
dous impact which the elderly and 
women have had on the League. 
Sometimes I wonder how well people 
understand what’s going on here if 
they only receive this incomplete pic- 

“More than half the League’s work 
is organized by women. You know, 
people may come here with tales of 
northern Mississippi already written in 
their minds, and ignore all the stories 
around them which remain to be told.” 

Delaney’s words were given added 
weight by Celeste Springer, a Black 
woman who led the Black education 
movement in the ’60s to seat more 
Black principals. Previously, white 
men held these positions even in 
predominantly Black schools. “Black 
and poor people, men and women,” 
she told LNS recently, “suffer from 
the same system which denies Blacks 
the right to work at jobs for which we 
are qualified. This is why we march in 
Lexington, Tupelo, Holly Springs and 
Okalona, Mississippi.” □ 

Film Review: Watership Down — 
A Horror Film for Children 

By Karen Wald 
Liberation News Service 

NEW YORK (LNS)— Children cried 
and clutched their mothers. Many hid 
their heads. “Mommy, I want to go 
home! ” The little girl’s wail was stifl- 
ed by her mother, who argued in a loud 
whisper, “Wait, it’ll get better.” 

The sounds could have emanated 
from a concentration camp in Chile, 
the trauma ward of a children’s 
hospital, or at the very least a vaccina- 
tion day at a pediatrician’s office. But 
they weren’t. Instead they came from a 
theatre crowded with parent’s and 
children viewing the film, Watership 
Down, which had been billed as a 
“family film”. 

The film, based on the novel by 
Richard Adams, tells the story of a 
determined band of rabbits who escape 
from their doomed warren (a construc- 
tion company is about to dig up their 
patch of field and forest) seeking 
freedom. They encounter many 
dangers on the way— men, bigger 
animals, and other rabbits — who ap- 
parently all have a code that once you 
lived with them you may not leave. 

Film critic Rex Reed calls Watership 
Down, “a. touching, sophisticated and 
ultimately powerful piece of adult film- 
making.” His may be the most ac- 
curate description. People Magazine 
calls it a “splendid production” and 
urges readers to “take the kids to see 
it.” Family Circle calls it “a loving, 
touching film, certain to appeal to 
every member of the family.” New 
Dawn backs this up with the assurance 
that this is “a special family movie that 
all ages will fall in love with.” 

Other reviewers simply commented 
on the fine art work of this animated 
film, which is certainly its strong point. 
From beginning to end, Watership 
Down could best be described as an 
adult horror, certainly not suited for 
children. One wonders whether any of 
the reviewers who recommended it as a 
“family film” has seen it with children 
present. My guess is that they didn’t. 

Based on the ads and comments by 
these film-makers, I took my five-year 
old daughter to see Watership Down 
during Thanksgiving vacation. Initial- 
ly, the only problem was it was dif- 
ficult for her to understand the mean- 
ing of much of the British accented 
dialogue. Since I could whisper ex- 
planations, this seemed a minor pro- 
blem. But then the blood and gore 
started. An atmosphere of terror 
prevaded the film. The film opens with 
a warning that the world is full of 
enemies who will try to kill you. The 
object is not to let them catch you. My 
daughter, along with many of the 
children in the theatre, sensed this aura 
without fully understanding it, even 
before the reasons became apparent on 
the screen. When they did, they were 
shocking and lasted the length of the 
film. Rabbits were gashed, ripped, torn 

Page 6 (it 939 ) LIBERATION News Service 

mutilated, blinded and crushed by 
other rabbits, men, dogs, cars and 

The only “light” notes consisted 
primarily in a cat who was never suc- 
cessful in killing a rabbit because her 
mistress’ voice always stopped her, and 
a helpful seagull whose main humor 
was in his German accent and his 
awkward behavior on land. The im- 
plicit lesson here is that those who 
speak with a “foreign” accent are to be 
laughed at. 

The cat was one of the few female 
characters who played a significant 
role in the film (and she only appeared 
twice.) The brave band of rabbits was 
all male. The only female member of 
the group was quickly snatched away 
by a hawk — the first of a long line of 
victims. Females were only reintroduc- 
ed in the film when the runaway rab- 
bits realized that they had no one to 
mate with and tried to liberate some 
domestic “bunnies” from tjieir cages 
in a barn. One of these eventually 
played a very minor role in the overall 
escape plan. The others were simply 
herded along to fulfill their ultimate 
destiny— to mate with the male rabbits 
and produce baby bunnies. This was 
the “happy ending” at the close of the 

I was one of the foolish parents who 
made my child stay throughout the en- 
tire film, with the mistaken belief that 
it had to get better; that no one would 
make a children’s film with such 
unrelenting horror, such a constant 
steam of bloodcurdling violence. I was 
wrong, and regretted it more and more 
as the tension filled the theatre. One 
child after the another began to cry 
upon seeing the brutality unleashed on 
the screen. 

Afterwards, I wondered what made 
this such a popular film to so many 
American critics, because despite the 
fine art work in the animation, the 
message of the film seemed shallow at 
best. □ 

South African Sponsored 
Elections Boycotted by SWAPO 

NEW YORK (LNS)— Amidst an en- 
forced silence protected by 18,000 
troops and an umbrella of South 
Africa Air Force Mirage jet fighters, 
Namibia (South West Africa) went 
through a five day exercise in 
“democracy” in early December, as its 
first “multi-racial” elections were 

Results of the voting were not to be 
announced for more than a week after 
the polls closed. But that didn’t mean 
there was any suspense about who 
would eventually emerge as the winner. 

The whole show had been carefully 
staged by South Africa’s white 
supremacist regime as a way to 
dispense with the diplomatic embarras- 
rnent of direct colonial rule by install- 
ing a friendly Black government. The 
South West African People’s 
Organization (SWAPO), which has led 

December 15, 1978 more ... 

the fight for independence and is 
recognized by the United Nations as 
the legitimate representative of the 
people of Namibia, was written out of 
the script and banned from par- 
ticipating in the election. SWAPO con- 
demned the fraud and vowed to step up 
its guerrilla activity. 

SWAPO was not alone in denounc- 
ing and boycotting the elections. Inside 
Namibia, the Namibian National Front 
and the SWAPO Democrats also called 
for a boycott. And African nations 
pressured the U.N. to impose man- 
datory economic sanctions against 
South Africa for defying Resolution 
435 passed last April. That resolution 
called for elections supervised by the 
U.N. in Namibia following withdrawal 
of most South African troops, and a 
period of free political activity. 

Far from being withdrawn, South 
African troops were omnipresent 
before and during the 
election. . .which may have had quite a 
bit to do with the high voter turnout 
the South Africans were boasting 
about. “Allegedly between 80 and 83 
percent of the registered voters par- 
ticipated in the election,” Elizabeth 
Landis of the U.N. Commissioner on 
Namibia’s office told LNS. For weeks 
before the election, soldiers at 
roadblocks had been pulling in people 
who weren’t carrying voter registration 
cards and threatening them. 

South Africa’s occupying army also 
left little doubt which party it would 
like to see people vote for. Justin Ellis, 
a clergyman expelled from the country 
shortly before the election, reported 
that army trucks had been spotted 
plastered with stickers for the 
Democratic Turnhalle Alliance (DTA) 
— a multi-racial conservative coalition 
headed by Dirk Mudge, a former 
member of South Africa’s ruling Na- 
tional Party. 

In a press conference at the U.N., 
Ellis detailed other methods used by 
the South Africans to turn out the 
vote. Citing names, places and dates, 
he charged that people had been told 
they would not be treated at hospitals 
unless they carried registration cards. 
At one hospital, he said, registration 
officers went through the wards sign- 
ing people up. And at others, groups 
stood outside the gates, telling people 
they would not receive treatment until 
they registered. In other instances, peo- 
ple were beaten, denied pension 
benefits and threatened with expulsion 
from the country for failure to carry 
registration or DTA membership 

Little wonder then that the DTA was 
considered a shoo-in even before the 
voting started. Yet despite these open 
examples of election rigging, the 
United States and its western allies re- 
main “optimistic” that the election 
will end up serving as an “advisory 
procedure” helping to “guide” the 
proposed U.N. elections. At least 
that’s what U.S. Secretary of State 
Cyrus Vance insisted in a press con- 
ference, held in Geneva last October. 
Still, when pressed as to whether or not 

Page 7 (#939) 

South Africa would maintain political 
hegemony over the Namibian territory, 
Vance was forced to admit, “. . .South 
Africa will retain sovereignty.” 

That is something SWAPO will 
never accept. And it is something that 
could well lead to an open clash bet- 
ween the U.S. and the African states in 
the U.N. over sanctions early next 
year, despite all of Vance’s 
“optimism.” □ 

Human Rights Day Protest Rally 

by Liberation News Service 

NEW YORK (LNS)— In 1951, three 
years after the Universal Declaration 
on Human Rights was signed, William 
L. Patterson and Paul Robeson filed 
petitions with the United Nations 
charging genocide by the U.S. govern- 
ment against its Black citizens. 

Twenty-seven years later on 
December 1 1 , three national Black 
organizations joined by New York Ci- 
ty’s Black United Front (BUF) staged a 
similar protest against continuing U.S. 
violations of the human rights of 
Blacks, Mexican Americans and Native 
Americans. On the 30th anniversary of 
the signing of the Declaration, the Na- 
tional Conference of Black Lawyers 
(NCBL), the Commission on Racial 
Justice of the United Church of Christ, 
and the National Alliance Against 
Racist and Political Repression 
presented a petition alleging human 
rights violations in the U.S. to U.N. 
Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim. 
Later, the groups participated in a 
BUF-sponsored rally near the U.N., 
targeting the U.S.’s stand on human 
rights at home. 

The petition, including 750 pages of 
documentation, examines the history 
of racist oppression in this country and 
the effect of the criminal justice system 
on Blacks, Puerto Ricans, Mexican 
Americans and Native Americans in 
the U.S. In its conclusion, the petition 
charges that these groups “have been 
victims of racist and repressive govern- 
ment policies and practices, perpe- 
trated in blatant and shocking 
disregard for Petitioners’ human and 
legal rights and fundamental freedoms 
as defined by International Law.” 

While the General Assembly heard 
speeches commemorating the 1948 
Declaration, rally participants crowded 
into the conference room along with 
reporters to hear statements read by 
petitioners, community leaders, and 
the families of U.S. political prisoners. 
Many in the mostly Black crowd wore 
buttons reading “Remember Arthur 
Miller and Randy Evans— U.N. 
Rally/Human Rights Day” — an in- 
dication that" the Black community saw 
a clear connection between the police 
murders of the two Brooklyn residents 
and the international scope of U.S. 
repression and the resistance of Black 

Lennox Hinds, attorney for the peti- 
tioners and representative to the U.N. 

LIBERA TION News Service 

for the International Association of 
Democratic Lawyers, told the gather- 
ing, “Today is a different formulation 
[than when Patterson and Robeson 
petitioned here in 1951]. . .The U.S. 
government will not be able to march 
around this world with its hypocritical 
stance.” Carter’s attitude on racism 
and political repression at home casts 
his much-publicized international 
human rights campaign in doubt. 
Although “we haven’t heard much 
from Ambassador Andrew Young 
because he has been effectively silenced 
[since his statement on political 
prisoners], they cannot stifle the voices 
of us all.” 

Hinds explained that the petition 
calls on the U.N. to convene an ad hoc 
committee to investigate human rights 
violations in the U.S. and “to con- 
demn the treatment of citizens of the 
U.S. who are imprisoned because of 
race and politics and that they dared to 
challenge wrongdoing in America.” 

Other groups and individuals who 
spoke in support of the petitioning 
organizations were the Rev. Herbert 
Daughtry of the BUF, Judge Bruce 
Wright, New York State Rep. A1 
Vann, Paul Robeson, Jr., Akil al- 
Jundi, one of the Attica Brothers, and 
the Rev. James Thomas, supporter of 
political prisoners Ed Poindexter and 
David Rice. Poindexter and Rice are 
among the more than 40 Black, 
Hispanic and Native American 
political prisoners whose cases are 
detailed in the document. 

Black United Front supporters were 
prominent at the U.N. rally. They 
came to voice their anger about the un- 
prosecuted police murders of a Black 
woman, Marion Johnson, one month 
earlier, civic business leader Arthur 
Miller, 15-year-old Randy Evans and 
others. In fact, the heavy police 
presence for the 250-300 peaceful 
demonstrators was a perfect backdrop 
for the Rev. Daughtry’s comments on 
the BUF’s main focus for human rights 
violations: police brutality. 

“Police brutality is a priority,” he 
said. “And there is a link between 
economic deterioration in this country 
and the rise of police repression . . . 
which is also international in scope — 
from South Africa to New York.” 

According to Daughtry, the Front’s 
objectives for the U.N. rally were to 
“heighten Black people’s con- 
sciousness in respect to the U.N. 
body” which could serve as an interna- 
tional forum for the Black struggle; to 
provide Blacks here with a link to 
African and Third World peoples; and 
to influence the U.S. government to be 
consistent with its human rights ideals, 
especially as regards the police pro- 

Many participants at the Dec. 1 1 ral- 
ly see the petition in the same light as 
Malcolm X’s initiative in 1964 to 
get the General Assembly to condemn 
U.S. genocidal policies against Black 
people in the U.S. And as Paul 
Robeson, Jr. observed, Malcolm X’s 
efforts were “in the tradition of 
Frederick Douglass” who agitated for 

December /5, 1978 more . . . 

international condemnation of U.S. 
slavery of Blacks a century ago. 

“The question of human rights goes 
beyond civil rights,” pointed out Vic- 
tor Goode of the NCBL, and the Black 
freedom struggle here and its demands 
for reparations go beyond the borders 
of the United States. As one Black 
woman at the rally put it, “We can’t 
get no justice in the local courts, in the 
Supreme Court, so we go to the ap- 
propriate body [the U.N.]— and this is 
about human rights, isn’t it?” □ 

Thousands Protest U.S. 
Involvement in Iran; 
U.S. Anti-Shah Organization 
Takes Off 

By Peter Gribbin 

WASH. D.C. (LNS)— While six 
million people were marching in cities 
all over Iran, two thousand Iranian 
students demonstrated on December 11 
in Washington D.C. across from the 
White House. Joining the students 
were about one hundred Americans 
who have formed a committee to 
educate the American public about the 
nature of U.S. involvement in Iran. 

The demonstration lasted over four 
hours. Although the protest was 
peaceful and no violent confrontations 
occurred, Park Police, wearing teargas 
cannisters and gas masks on their belts, 
were well prepared for an all-out attack 
if the demonstration got out of hand. 
The memory of last year’s militant pro- 
test, which marred the Shah’s U.S. 
visit and put several police officials in 
hospital beds, was obviously a factor in 
police defense plans. But the only real 
scare they had to face was a burning ef- 
figy of the Shah dressed up in green 
cardboard army fatigues, adorned with 
yellow medals which read “Made in 
USA” and “CIA Approved.” 

On the night before the protest, an 
evening of solidarity with the un- 
folding Iranian revolution was held at 
All Soul’s Church in Northwest 
Washington. Close to five hundred 
people, about half of them Americans, 
attended a program that included 
speeches, a slide show, and a film of 
the demonstrations which took place in 
Iran on September 8. That day is now 
known as Black Friday because over 
3,000 unarmed demonstrators were 
gunned down by the Shah’s troops. 

The event also served as a fund- 
raiser for a newly-formed coalition of 
American grOups whose task is to fur- 
ther educate the American public 
about the popular movement in Iran 
which seeks to overthrow the monar- 
chy and end foreign domination by 
U.S. imperialism. 

Speakers included Eqbal Ahmad, an 
associate of the Washington 
D.C.-based Transnational Institute 
and one of the Harrisburg 8, an anti- 
war group arrested for pouring blood 
over flies at a recruiting office to pro- 
test the draft during the Vietnam War. 
A fiery Pakistani who thrives on ex- 
temporaneous speeches, Ahmad 
outlined the history of the constitu- 
tionalist movement in Iran and ex- 
plained how the Shi’ite sect, known for 
its populist content, is at the forefront 
of the national democratic opposition 
movement in Iran. Ahmad also spoke 
of how both the Shah and tjie Western 
press has sought to discredit the op- 
position movement in Iran. “The 
Shah,” shouted Ahmad angrily, “has 
always spoken of his regime as the 
guardian of the White, positive revolu- 
tion and the opposition to him as a 
negative revolution.” The Western 
press, he continued, has always gone 
along with this, portraying the opposi- 
tion movement as a “religious, fun- 
damentalist, anti-modernization 
one. . .” 

But the real strategy of the Peacock 
Throne, Ahmad said,“ was to institute 
a modified form of fascism based on 
Hitler’s idea of the superiority of the 
pure, Aryan race.” His goal was to 
purge Persian consciousness from 
Iran, to proclaim the Pahlavi dynasty 
as predating Islam in Iran, and to call 
himself the “Light of the Aryans.” 
“But,” said Ahmad, “if the Shah has 
learned anything. . .it’s that you can’t 
fight history.” 

Later on during the program, the 

most recent events in Iran, neglected by 
the Western press, were read to the 
crowd. Most of this news is either sent 
to the U.S. via telephone, from friends 
inside Iran, or gleaned from foreign- 
language newpapers, which generally 
have done a far more extensive job of 
reporting. When it was announced that 
in the city of Tabriz three recently ap- 
pointed military higher-ups had been 
shot and killed, a spontaneous roar 
erupted from the crowd. But when it 
was reported that the 3,000 political 
prisoners recently released on the 
Shah’s birthday were re-arrested and 
that all water supplies to Ghazr Prison 
in Teheran were cut off, a groan of 
anguish filled the room. 

The growth of an American coali- 
tion supporting the popular movement 
against the monarchy has been a long 
time coming but after the solidarity 
night benefit, the demonstration, and a 
press conference at the national Press 
Club, a concerted effort to inform the 
American public about the nature of 
U.S. military involvement in Iran is 
finally off the ground. The coalition 
plans to organize a series of lectures 
and hopes that its affiliations with 
church and other national organiza- 
tions can provide an effective medium 
to put an end to further U.S. involve- 
ment in Iran. 

For the American Left the implica- 
tion is clear: if Iran is not to become 
the future Vietnam, we had better act 
fast to force the withdrawal of the U.S. 
government before the future becomes 
present and a dreaded fear becomes a 
living nightmare. □ 

Page 8 


LIBERA T/ON News Service 

December 15, 1978 


TH£. FF&f. HAS SEEN U$/Nfr 
MAT10N ON i£fJ\$Tj LESS IAN ^ 




TOP RIGHT: Klan'man and gun-toting 
ally stand on Tupelo, Mississippi 
street Thanksgiving Day. On the same 
day, activists across the country 
converged in Tupelo to join area 
residents in a demonstration led 
by the United League against Klan 
and police violence. 


CREDIT: Chip Berlet/LNS 

TOP LEFT: At the December 11, 1978 
Human Rights Day demonstration near t 
the United Nations, New York City's 
Black residents said "Enough!" to 
Mayor Koch's indifference to racist 
police brutality, as well as to 
Carter's human rights campaign hypocrisy. 

CREDIT: LNS Women's Graphics 


LOWER RIGHT: .Delegations from many 
parts of the country joined the 
Larzac peasants and their Parisian 
supporters in the 40,000 strong 
demonstration on December 2, 1978. 

Their banners popularize various 
local and national issues, particularly 
opposition to nuclear energy. They 
have to protect their faces with 
scarves and handkerchiefs as they 
march through an area where tear- 
gas still lingers. 

CREDIT: Rosette Coryell /LNS 



MIDDLE LEFT CREDIT: Kate Jackrabbit/ 

Quash/ LNS 





P-1 LIBERATION News Service 

December 15, 1978 


more . . .