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THE volume now offered to the members of the 
Chetham Society contains all the information 
which I have been able to collect respecting the Old 
Church and School Libraries of Lancashire, which were 
in existence before the year 1750. Only one part, how- 
ever, can claim to be exhaustive or complete — that which 
deals with the Church Libraries founded by Humphrey 
Chetham at Manchester, Bolton, Turton, Walmsley, and 
Gorton. As to these, I believe that I have been able to 
put together all that is known or likely to be known of 
their foundation and history. Of the other libraries, al- 
though much is set down that has never before appeared, 
and although the accounts are, I hope, more accurate 
than any that have hitherto been given, yet of several 
much more might be added by anyone resident on the 
spot, and prepared to give the necessary time to an 
examination of the libraries themselves, and the docu- 
ments and records belonging to the several parishes or 
schools. The libraries of Astley, Burnley, Cartmel, and 

iv Introduction. 

Hawkshead, have never received anything like a thorough 
examination. Each of them deserves an accurate cata- 
logue, and I have no doubt that a thorough examination 
of the books would result in the discovery of volumes, 
certainly of equal, possibly of greater rarity and interest 
than those which I have noticed. The preparation of 
anything like a complete account of the contents of 
these libraries would have involved at least a week's 
work in each, and to state the results would require 
more than one volume. Of several libraries, notably 
Astley and Heskin, the present is the first account, and, 
indeed, in the case of Astley, the first notice of its exist- 
ence, and although the number of libraries which I have 
found now or formerly existing is much greater than I had 
any idea of when I began to make preparations for this 
volume, I cannot doubt that a more diligent enquiry 
would result in the discovery of other libraries in the 
county, of some of which, it is probable, that even their 
custodians are ignorant. In more than one instance 
where I was positively informed by those who ought to 
know, that there was not now, nor ever had been, any 
library, a diligent search has resulted in the discovery of 
books in at least one case now existing, and in several 
others only recently lost, of which their legal custodians 
had no knowledge. 

In order to obtain the best possible information on the 
subject matter of this volume, I addressed the following 
circular letter to the incumbent of every parish in the 

Introduction. v 

county of Lancaster which existed before 1750, with the 
exception of those parishes where I had otherwise made 
myself acquainted with the position of the matter : 

Having undertaken to compile a volume for the Chetham Society 
on the Old Church and School Libraries of I^ancashire, you would 
render an important service to the work if you would kindly inform me 
whether any library or books has, or have, at any time before 1750, been 
given to your Church or Parish, or to any School therein, and if so, when, 
and by whom, and whether the books or any of them are still in exist- 
ence, and if not, what has become of them ? Also, whether there are any 
records, or documents, or entries in the Church books relating to the 

Any other information you may be able to give me bearing on the 
matter will be gratefully received and duly acknowledged 

Somewhat over one hundred and thirty of these circular 
letters were sent out, and I received answers from eighty- 
eight incumbents, to all of whom I tender my thanks for 
the information afforded, even though in the great 
majority of cases the information was that no library 
either existed or had ever done so. Some few incum- 
bents informed me personally that there were no libra- 
ries in their parishes, but about forty did not think 
fit to reply to my circular, although in every case an 
envelope stamped and addressed was enclosed. In the 
case of some of these forty parishes I made further 
enquiries, but in the case of others it is not impossible 
that traces of a library may yet be found. All the Masters 
of Grammar Schools to whom I have applied have very 
courteously replied to my letters, and from many of them, 

vi Introdtution. 

as will be seen, I have received much valuable assist- 

In the libraries properly included among old Church 
and School libraries, I have desired to include all that 
were in existence before 1750, with the exception, 
however, of the libraries founded by Dr. Bray in his life- 
time, and after his death by "The Associates of Dr. Bray." 
These do not come within the scope of this volume, 
although a few incidental notices of Bray libraries will 
be found. It is much to be wished that the present 
** Associates of Dr. Bray" would give to the world an 
accurate and full account of these libraries, and a list of 
the places where they have been founded. In some 
parishes I have found traces of a Bray library, of which 
I have discovered no reference in the Reports of the 
Associates. I wish, however, here to take the opportu- 
nity of calling attention to the complete and excellently 
preserved Bray library at Poulton-le-Fylde, the catalogue 
of which, with other papers relating to its establishment, 
were lent to me by the vicar, the Rev. William Richardson. 
Having so often to complain, in the course of this volume, 
of the carelesness of incumbents and churchwardens during 
the past century and a half, in reference to the libraries 
which they ought to have preserved, it is a pleasure to 
state that Poulton-le-Fylde seems to have been singularly 
fortunate in its vicars and churchwardens. A Bray library 
was founded there as early as 1720; it is still perfect, and 
the volumes well and carefully preserved, and, as contem- 

Introdnction, vii 

plated by Dr. Bray, and by the Act of Parliament which 
he was instrumental in obtaining, the books have been 
from time to time regularly examined, and due records 
preserved of their condition and number. If the clergy 
and churchwardens of the rest of the county had per- 
formed their duty as efficiently as those of Poulton-le- 
Fylde, several volumes would be needed to give even a 
brief notice of the Church libraries of Lancashire. 

Besides the libraries noticed at length in this volume, 
it appears that several churches had, in comparatively 
recent times, a copy of Fox's Book of Martyrs, To 
Bolton-le-Sands, the Rev. A. Birley, M.A., informs me, 
a small collection of books was given in 1759, by the 
executors of Dr. Stratford, late commissary of Richmond, 
a few of which are still remaining. In 1563, the Rev. W. 
B. Grenside, vicar of Melling, writes to me, " Syr John 
Andrew, Vicar of Mellynge, bequeathed his Bible to the 
Parson of Arkholme across the River Lune." At Stand- 
ish is to be found a copy of Baskett's edition of the Book 
of Common Prayer (i 7 1 7), presented to the parish church 
by Mr. Edward Hal ton about that time. At Shaw, I 
learn from the vicar (Rev. G. Allen, M.A.), there was a 
small musical library commenced as far back as 1 740, the 
remains of which, although the property of the parish, 
were, when he wrote, in the hands of the representatives 
of the last member of the Musical Society. In 1684, the 
vicar of Chipping (Rev. R. Robinson, B.A.), informs me 
that John Brabin founded a school there, and gave his 

viii Introduction. 

Dictionary to be kept for its use, and his Bible also, "after 
it be well bound and covered to be reserved for the same 
use," but these books are now lost. The parish church 
of Whalley possesses a copy of Fox's Book of Martyrs, 
and Jewel's Apology. From the answers to the questions 
of Mr. Christopher Wase in 1673-4 {sqq post, p. 177), it 
appears that the grammar school of Huyton had then a 
copy of the Latin Dictionary of John Rider, rector of 
Winwick, printed at Oxford in 1599, and that Standish 
grammar school possessed Scapula s Lexicon, Coopers 
Thesaurus, and Gouldman's Latin Dictionary. 

From the Reports of the Charity Commissioners it 
appears that in 1751, John Farrer of London, merchant, 
gave ;^200 to Tunstall school, to be laid out in land, on 
condition that the principal persons of the parish should 
consent to rebuild the school at their cost, and furnish it, 
when completed, with a collection of suitable books. At 
a vestry meeting held on October 2, 1 751, it was agreed 
that the school should be rebuilt, and furnished with a 
collection of suitable books. The commissioners stated 
that there were a few old books belonging to the school, 
which were probably purchased about the time of Mr. 
Farrer's donation. These are the only places in addition 
to those mentioned in the text where I have found traces 
of any books. 

Since the printing of pp. 49, 50, containing the account, 
so discreditable to the Warden and Fellows of the Colle- 
giate church of Manchester, of the disposal of the remains 

Introduction. ix 

of the Chetham church library, the sale has occurred of 
that part of the library of the late Mr. Crossley which 
included the Book of Accounts of the Churchwardens 
of Manchester from 1664 to 171 i. This volume, 
which sold for ;^5o at the sale, contained the following 
note : 

This book, comprising the Accounts of the Churchwardens of Man- 
chester from 1664 to 17 1 1, was purchased by me from a gentleman 
residing near Wigan, whose father was a Collector of Antiquities, and 
possessed it amongst other similar records. // appears to have been dis- 
posed o/a/ong with tht remains of H, Chetham' s library in the Cathedral 
to a dealer in Shude Hill, by whom it was sold, and so came into that 
person's possession. The books were disposed of by the then Church- 
wardens, being considered, I suppose, of no value. 

Jas. Crossley, 

Deer. 1862. 

A pendant to the act of the Warden and Fellows of 
Manchester will be found in the following extract from 
the Reports of the Charity Commissioners : 

John Wyke by will directed ;^ioo to be paid to the trustees of the 
Prescot Charities to be applied at their discretion with the Vicar and 
Churchwardens for the time being in causing poor children to be in- 
structed in the English tongue and also in the purchase of godly 

books ^ which books he desired to be affixed in the Parish Church of Prescot 

for public use, or to be distributed among poor families and in 

purchasing of bread to be distributed to the poor. 

Legacy received 14 Feb. 1793, and laid out upon a new weighing 
machine upon the premises called the Rose and Crown. 

The notes, which constitute a large part of this volume, 


X IniroducHan, 

are principally of two kinds, biographical and bibliogra- 
phicaL In the case of the catalogues which are here 
printed verbatim et literatim^ it has frequently been found 
necessary, owing to the extraordinary misdescriptions, to 
give in the note the accurate titles of very ordinary books, 
which, without this information, it would be difficult, or 
in some cases impossible, to identify, but in no case is a 
lengthy or detailed note devoted to any volume respect- 
ing which the accounts in the ordinary bibliographical 
works of reference appear to be sufficient and accurate, 
and a similar rule has been observed in the biographical 
notes. Several of those relating to persons and books 
connected with the count)" of Lancaster will, it is hoped, 
be found to contain information not uninteresting to the 
members of the Chetham Society. The notices of the 
Rev. John Prestwich, James Anderton of Lostock, Sir 
Edwin Sandys, and other members of the Sandys family, 
the Prestons of Holker, and the Rawlinsons, contain at 
least some new information respecting these persons and 
the books of such of them as were authors ; while the 
notes upon " Jennison of Compunction," Carion's Chron- 
icle^ and Bode s Unio Dissidentium^ will, it is hoped, be 
found not unworthy of attention by those whose interest 
is not confined to Lancashire, but extends to the general 
literature of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries ; 
idiile in many other notes of less extent and less interest, 
errors which exist in nearly all biographical and biblio- 
gr^hical works, arising in many cases from the fatal habit 

Introduction, xi 

of one writer copying without verification the statements 
of another, will be found corrected. 

The frontispiece to this volume is from a photograph 
by Mr. T. Parkinson of Bradshawgiate, Bolton. It re- 
presents the old bookchest and reading desk of the Bolton 
grammar school. 

The references in the volume to the Charity Commis- 
sioners' Reports, are to an interesting and valuable folio 
volume in the Manchester Free Reference Library, the 
title of which is The Charities in the County of Lancaster^ 
London, 1840. It contains the extracts from the Charity 
Commissioners' Reports (39 vols., 1826-40) relating to 

I cannot close this Introduction without acknowledging 
the assistance which I have received from many quarters, 
and especially from several Incumbents and Masters of 
grammar schools. Much of this will be found from time 
to time acknowledged in the notes, but I wish here to 
express my sense of the valuable assistance received 
from J. E. Bailey, Esq., F.S. A., J. P. Earwaker, 
Esq., M.A., F.S.A., Rev. F. H. Paley. M.A., vicar of 
Cartmel, Rev. W. Mason, M.A., vicar of Kirkham, Rev. 
J. H. Stanning, M. a., vicar of Leigh, Rev. T. R. Bald- 
win, M.A., vicar of Leyland, the late Rev. F. E. Perrin, 
M.A., rector of Ribchester, Rev. R. Leigh, M.A., rector 
of Walton, Rev. Canon Powell, vicar of Bolton, J. L. 
Ward, Esq., M.A., head master of Burnley school. Rev. 
W. H. Howlett, M,A., head master of Bury school. Rev. 

xii Introduction, 

R. M. Samson, B.A., head master of Hawkshead school, 
E. Sale, Esq., of Eccleston, Rev. W. G. Sale, B.A., of 
Burnley, Rev. W. S. Matthews, M.A., head master of 
Kirkham school. Rev. G. Squire, M.A., head master of 
Rivington and Blackrod school, Hon. and Rev. Canon 
Bridgeman, M.A., rector of Wigan, and the Rev. S. C. 
Armour, M. A., head master of Great Crosby school. All 
these gentlemen have shown much interest, and taken 
much trouble in the matter, and without their assistance 
the volume would be much more imperfect than it is. In 
addition to other information, Mr. Ward has been kind 
enough to furnish me with a detailed account of the MSS, 
in the Burnley library, which will be found inserted on 
pp. 1 34-38. My thanks are also due to the feoffees of 
the Chetham college for lending me their original Min- 
ute Book, and other documents relating to Humphrey 
Chetham's Church Libraries. I must, however, make 
special acknowledgment of the assistance I have derived 
from Mr. John Cree, to whom a considerable part of the 
volume is due. It is owing to his examinations of the 
books at Astley, Cartmel, and Hawkshead, that I have 
been able to give any satisfactory accounts of these libra- 
ries. Nearly the whole of the article upon Hawkshead 
(including the notes) has been prepared by him, and the 
same is the case as to many of the notes, and these not 
the least important relating to Cartmel and Burnley. He 
has also compiled the Index, which it is hoped will be 
found useful, especially by those who may desire to avail 

Introduction. xiii 

themselves of the bibliographical and biographical infor- 
mation to be found in the notes. 

I ought to add that a paper on the subject of this 
volume, comprising the outline of what I proposed to 
write, was read by me before the Annual Meeting of the 
Library Association at Liverpool, in September, 1883. 

K.. K^. \^, 

Glinwood, Virginia Watir, 
August 27, 1885. 




Manchester — Sir Henry Turton's Bequest - i 

Henry Bury's Bequest - - 5 

Rev. John Prestwich's Library - 9 

Humphrey Chetham's Church Libraries - - 19 

Manchester 27 

Bolton 50 


Gorton 62 


Cartmel 76 

coniston 95 



Leigh xoi 

Lbyland ib. 

Liverpool, St. Peter's 102 

Ribchester 104 


Saltokd, Sacred Trinity 107 


Bolton m 

Burnley 121 

Bury 139 

Hawrshead 143 

Hesrin 171 

KiRKHAM 179 

Lancaster 181 

Leigh 182 

Manchester 187 


WiGAN I9« 

Great Crosby i94 




Manchester — Sir Henry Turton's Bequest - i 

Henry Bury's Bequest - - 5 

Rev. John Prestwich's Library - 9 

Humphrey Chetham's Church Libraries - - 19 

Manchester 27 

Bolton 50 


Gorton 62 


Cartmel 76 

coniston 95 



Leigh loi 

Leyland ib. 

Liverpool, St. Peter's 102 

Ribchester . - -- - - - -104 


Salfokd, Sacred Trinity 107 

PART 11. 


Bolton - - - - in 

Burnley 121 

Bury - - - * 139 

Hawrshead - - - - - - - -143 

Heskin 171 

KiRKHAM 179 

Lancaster 181 

Leigh 182 

Manchester 187 


WiGAN 192 

Great Crosby - -194 

DID C|)ute|) anh del)ool fUbxaxits 

of JLantasl^ixt. 

Part I. 



Sir Henry Turton's Bequest. 

HE Collegiate or Parish Church of Manchester, like most 
Cathedral and Collegiate Churches, would certainly pos- 
sess a collection of books in the fifteenth century, though no 
record of such collection exists, and we know of but one book 
belonging to the Church at that time, the Flares Bernardi^ a selec- 
tion from the works of St Bernard, Abbot of Clairvaux, which was 
bequeathed to the " College of Mamcestre " in 1436 by Cardinal 
Langley, Bishop of Durham, a native of Langley, in the parish 
of Middleton.' 

The first bequest of printed books to the Manchester CoU^ate 
Church which I have been able to discover was in the year I533f 
and was for the use of the Warden and Fellows only. On the 
second of May in that year, Sir Henry Turton, "chaplen and 
felow in y« college of our Lady in Mamchester/' by his will,* 

■ Hist, ofCkamiria (Chet. Soc, Yol. lU. p. lai). 

* The will is given at length in Wills ami JnvetUories, 2nd portion (Chet Soc, 
vol li. p. I a), edited by Mr. J. G. Piccope, and I have followed the date 1533 there 
gircn as that of the will, but Mr. Earwaker in his Index to Wills at Ckater (Record 


2 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

bequeathed "to ye * of Mamchest*" all my pryksonge 

bookis of masse antemes and sqwares Ifra I beqwethe to my 
M''2 ij bookes or volumes of Origenes warkes omeles^ for his lyfe 
and aft*^ hym to remayne in y« library aforesayd Km I beqwethe 

Society, vol. ii.) gives the date as 1523 both in the Index itself, and in the Introduc- 
tion, p. xxvL The will is generally interesting as giving us a list of the books of an 
English clcrgjrman in I533» probably a man of somewhat more learning than most of 
his fellows. Besides what we may call his official books of mass, anthems, sqwares 
(qy. quire books?), his printed mass book, his new hymnal, and his printed music 
book, it appears that he had ten volumes, all theological, and nine of these he intended 
to form part of the library in his Coll^ate Church, and the bequest is specially notice- 
able, as being by nearly fifty years, the earliest known bequest of books for a library 
in Lancashire. 

' An illegible word is here omitted in the will as given by Mr. Piccope, but he sug- 
gests in a note that the word should be "College." Might it not be "Library," as 
he afterwards speaks of " y« Library aforesaid** ? The library is not otherwise before 
mentioned in the will. 

* The Warden. If the date of the will is correctly given as 1533, this would be 
George Collier, who became Warden in 1 528, on the presentation of Sir Thomas 
West, the patron. His predecessor was George West. {Hist, of Chantries^ Chet. 
Soc., vol. lix. p. 7.) 

3 It is impossible to say whether by the expression "Origenes warkes omeles" is 
intended " Works and Homilies " or " Works namely Homilies." Sir Henry Turton 
may have possessed a copy of the Works of Origen in Latin, 4 parts in 2 vols., edited 
by Jacques Merlin, Paris, 1512, fo., reprinted in 1 5 19 (see/c^j/, Astley Church Library) 
and 1522, and as the homilies constituted the chief part of the Works of Origen, he 
may have specially emphasized them. Or he may have possessed the edition of the 
Homilies on Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Joshua and Judges, given by Aldus 
in 1503, fo., or that given by Benalius in 15 12, fo., and the edition of the Homilies 
on Job, Canticles, Isaiah, Matthew, Luke and John, given by Lazarus de Soardis in 
1513, fo., or possibly he intended by this description, the volume of Homilies last 
mentioned, and the subsequent volume given by the same printer in 15 16, Optra quet 
non hmbentur in aiiis libris hue usque impressis, and if so, the words " warkes omeles " 
would be an accurate description. There was indeed an edition of the Homily De 
beaia maria MagdaUna Impressum in Alma Civitate London Ad rogatum Magistri 
Willelmi Menyman sodi collegii Ricardi Whityngton, in or about 1504. This, how- 
ever, is a little book of ten leaves only (a copy is in the British Museum), and as Sir 
Henry Turton twice afterwards describes a volume as a little book, it is hardly likely 
that this tract would be one of those described as " two books or volumes of Origenes 
works.** It is further probable that he would give the warden two of his principal 

Sir Henry Turtons Bequest 3 

to S"^ Jamis Grene' a lytyll booke callyd Evagatoriu* Km to 
S"^ John Berket^ a booke callyd Auriu Opus^ Km to &" John 
Ademson a lytyll booke callyd Pcordiale DevotorumS w* 

' Sir James Grene was one of the fellows or chaplains of the CoUegiate Church. 
He was appointed overseer of the will of Thomas Bridie in 1520 {}ViUs and Invert 
torUSf Chet Soc, voL xxxiiL p. 9), and witness and supervisor of the will of Matthew 
Becke in the same year {/hid,, p. 38), and was a witness of the will of Alice Byrom in 
1523-4 {Ibid,, vol. 11 p. 180). He was also a witness to the will of Isabell Chetham 
(Chet Soc., vol. lix. p. 44), under which three persons of the same name receive 

* The Evagatorium was a collection of tracts consbting of sermons and skeletons of 
sermons for the use of preachers, the first tract being called Modus preduandi: mattrias 
dUaiandi per coicres rhitoricos. Several editions of it appeared at the end of the fifteenth 
and beginning of the sixteenth centuries. Hain gives one as printed at Cologne in 
1499, and four are mentioned by Panzer, printed at Strasbuxg in 1503 and 1516, at 
Cologne in 1505, and at Louvain, 8.a. A copy of an edition of 1503 is in the British 
Museum, with the following title, Evagatorium Modus predUandu Sermones xiii 
Mkhaelis de Hungaria unruersala cum applicationibus Tkematum perutilibus de Tern- 
port et de sancHs omni tempore preduaHles, Sermones eiectissimi de Rosario Beate Marie 
et de Saneta Anna ejus Matre, Sermo de passione domini ncstri Jhesu Christi: ex 
quatuor evangeiistis dUigentissime collecta, Messe peculiares pro itinerantibus, Impres- 
sum Colonia apud predicatores. (At the end) M.ccccciii. According to Migne, 
Dictiannaire de Bibliographie Cathoiique^ an edition was printed by Richard Pynson, 
London, s.a., but about 150a 

s Neither Berket, or Ademson, are mentioned in the Valor Ecclesiasticus, 1534*5, 
yet they were deariy fellows or chaplains at the date of this wilL 

4 Aureum opus de veritate contritionis in quo mirifica documenta atema salutis aperi^ 
untur was the work of Jo. Lud. Vivaldus, a Dominican of Monte Reale in Piedmont, 
and b a collection of tracts on various theological subjects, chiefly practical. It was 
first printed at Saluces in 1503, and was frequently reprinted at Paris, Lyons and else- 
where in the following twenty years. There are six editions in the British Museum, 
namely, the original edition of Saluces (Salutiis per Guilermum et Guillcrmum de 
Signerre fratres, fo.); one of Lyons, 1504; Paris, 1509; Hagcnau, 15 13; Paris, 15 14; 
and one, s.1., 151 7. None of these, except the first, is mentioned by Migne, but he 
gives editions of Lyons, 1505; Paris, 15 12, and Paris, F. Regnault, 1522, 8va I 
possess a copy in the original stamped binding (with the name Jehan Godegat) of an 
edition printed at Paris in 1522, with the mark of Geoflfroy de Mamef on the title page. 
It b a small 4to, Gothic letter, 152 numbered folios, followed by 28 unnumbered, in 
all 360 pp. It formerly belonged to H. Brown, Rector of Rowley, Yorkshire, v.'ho 
has written hb name, as well as numerous MS. notes, in the volume. 

s Precordiale devotorum <ontinens mcditationts pro singulis per keMomadum diebus 
binas in usum soicrdoium Mtssa sacri/iiium cdebrantium. Acadit meditatiif tn festis 

4 Old Libraries of Lancashire, 

other warkes in y« same Hm to S^ John Key > a booke callyd 
Forma verborum w^ other devote warkes in y« same Km I be- 
qwethe to S*^ John Coppage^ y« New Testament of Erasmus 
translacon and Elucidaciones in Epistola Pauli^ .... lEm I 
beqwethe to S** Ric. Bradshaw^ a booke callyd Lowdolfe de Vita 
Xi.5 also I gyffe my prytyd masse booke to Sencte Michaells 
awlter p^'cc vj^ and a pax brede p^c ix Also I beqwethe a new 
ymnall to y* use of qwer for y« p'senter to ocupy And all thes 
bookes at thes mens dcpartyng afor namyd from y^ college or 
when Godc schall call them I wyll thay schall remayn to y^ col- 
lege to be dystrybut to y* felows of y* sayd colleg by y« handes 
of y« M*" frome tymc to tyme for to edyfy themselfe in vertue 

sanctorum &* Meditationes centum de Dominica fassione. The eazliest editioos of this 
book seem to be those of Strasburg {Argentina), 1489, described by Seemillery iii. 153, 
and Braun, iu 177, and of Basle of the same date (Hain, iiL 149). Hain mentions 
another edition, Argentina, 1490. 

' Sir John Key was a fellow or chaplain of the CoU^iate Church. I am miable to 
identify the book called Forma Verborum, 

* Sir John Coppage was a fellow at this time. He was a pensioner of the fbondji- 
tion in 1574. (Chct. Soc., vol. cvii. p. 36.) In 1579 he was a prisoner at Wert 
Chester (Str>'ix;, Annals, iL App. 132, where his age is stated to be 60). In 1583^ 
he was in the Fleet Prison of Sallonl (sec l^he Rambler for 1S57). He was 48 yean 
of age in 1547*8 (Chet. Soc, vol. lix. p. 20), and would be 80, not 60^ in 1579. He 
was an overseer of Turton's will. 

^ The tirsit etlition of Krnsnius' Latin translation of the New Testament appeared at 
the same time with his (ircck Testament, at I^Ie in 151 6, in folio. Between this date 
and 1533, upwards of seventeen e< lit ions ap|)eared at Basle, and at least nineteen else- 
where. The first etlitiun of the Taraphrase In epistolam Pauii Apostoli ad Roman^^ 
ap(Hrared at I^uvain in 15171 and in the following years several reprints appeared at 
Bosle and elsewhere, as well as Paraphrases uix)n the other epistles of SL PaoL It is 
nodv'kubt one of these that Sir Henry Turton refers to by the title o{ Eluddoiiottes, 

* Sir Kichanl Bradshaw wa^i a fellow of the Collegiate Church. He was a witnev 
to the will of Thomas IVndleton (afterwards a fellow) in 1 534 (IVilis and Imtftmiorm^ 
vol. li. p. 1S7), and was one of the overseers of Turton's will. 

5 The life of Christ by Ludolph of Saxony, was one of the most popular books of the 
fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Twelve etlitions in the original Latin are 
ratevl by Hain as ap|K-arii)g l>efore the close of the fifteenth century, and at least 
more tud ap]H\ired U-fore 1 533, l)esides transLitions into French (of which nine 
enumeiati.\l by Bruuot). Sp.inish, Portugese and Cierman. Ludolph is one of the 
vkritcfN tv> \>hom the /mitutifn of Jisus iShfist h.i& been attributed. 

Henry Burys Bequest. 5 

Also I gyve to S*" John Bexwyk " a lytyll booke callyd Consti- 
tucoes PVinciales^ Also I give to S*" John Ademson a p^ynted 
musyke boke and to S*" John Coppage a corinall [?]".... 

All these books have long since disappeared, and no record of 
them remains except the will of the donor. No books are men- 
tioned in the Inventory of the goods of the Parish Church of 
Manchester taken in 1552. {Inventories of Church Goods^ Chet 
Soc., voL cvii. p. 4.) 

Henry Bury's Bequest. 

Henry Bury of Bury, in the county of Lancaster, Clerk, then 
aged eighty-nine years or thereabouts, by his will, dated October 
20, 1634, made the following bequest : 

" I geve ten pounds to Manchester (the good place of my best 
education) to buy books with then to be payed when they shall 
have a convenient place of their owne furnished with bookes for 
the common use of the said parrish to the worth of a hundreth 
pounds a thyng that may in myne opinion soone be donne in that 
great rich and religious towne (The liberary at Ipswich is thought 
to be worth 300" and yet b^an but a little wile agoe).^ Yf they 
pvide not bookes for a liberary as aforesaid within seaven yeares 
next after my death my will is they have no benefit by this 
legacie but the same be to whom I shall geve the remainder of 
all my goods.^ 

' Sir John Bexwyk, the elder, is named as a fellow in 1506, and again in 1523 
(//{>/. of Chantries^ pp. 41, 48). In the Vcdor Ecc, no fellow of this name appears, 
but John Bexwyk is named as priest of Ralph Hulmes* Chantry. Sir Henry Tuiton 
earlier on in the will leaves him his two pair of spectacles with their cases. 

* This book, which it will be noticed was given absolutely to Sir John Bexwyk, and 
not merely for his life, was the ConstUtUiofus Prmnndala d Oikonit, printed by Wynkyn 
de Worde in 1 5 17, I2ma The same printer gave in the same form the Frovinctalts of 
Lyndewood, which is usually to be found bound up with the ConsiUtUicnts Provinaales, 

1 Mr. W. Blades in his list of the Minor Libraries of England, given in The Book' 
wotm^ vol. i. p. 158, 1866, speaking of the Ipswich library says, "The Corporation 
Library, containing i6th century as well as modem books, is kept in the Town Mall.'* 

* The will is given at length in part iii. of IVills and InwntofUs (Chet. Soc., voL 
liv. p. 174), the editor of which (Mr. i'iccopc) regrets that so little is known of the 

6 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

The will was proved at Chester in the year 1636. 

Whether Bury's legacy was ever received is uncertain, but it 
would seem that an attempt was made to meet the conditions 
which he imposed, namely, that the town of Manchester should 
have a convenient place and books to the value of one hundred 
pounds. The convenient place was provided by the generosity 
of James, seventh Earl of Derby, then Lord Strange, who gave 
for that purpose the Derby Chapel in the Collegiate Church, as 
appears by the following letter : 

" To my seruante Thomas Fox ' att Pilkinton. 

"Fox — When last you were with me I heard you say my 
Chappell att Manchester wanted some repaires — at that time 
I forgott to give you directions about it. But now my pleasure 
is That whereas some of my seruants that had lately been in 
those partes haue tolde me the desire of y« Warden and fellowes 

testator. At the beginning of the will the testator describes himself as of Bury, 
Clerk, but Mr. Piccope says, "if he were beneficed at all it is thought that he 
held no preferment in the diocese of Chester. The probability seems to be that 
he had been a schoolmaster." He appears to have been educated at the Man- 
chester Grammar School, and to have been a man of considerable property. He 
gave in his lifetime a library of above six hundred books to Bury parish, and by his 
will he increased it, and founded a granmiar school there (see post^ Buiy Grammai 
School Library). One of his grand nephews was to have twenty shillings yearly, the 
first pa3rment to be made when he could readily read and write and cast accounts, and 
not before. He gave to Henry Bury of Wensley his silver pot to be delivered unto 
him "when he can read and wryte and cast accompts but not before, and in the meane 
while to be in the custody of Henry, the sone of James Holt thaty?«^ reading boy. Let 
the custom of needless and wasteful expense be broken at my buriall." Anything 
hard to be understood in his will was to be understood as the overseers thereof thought 
he meant it, " and let ther be no goinge to lawe about it yf anie person be contentious 
and not content with such l^acies as I have hearby given them but shall goe to law 
unjustly with my executors let such p'sons have no benefite by his legacy.*' His will 
is full of interest. 

* Letters of administration of the goods, &c., of Thomas Fox of Pilkington, gent., 
(his widow Grace having renounced,) were granted to Thomas ffenton of Tottington, 
husbandman, on June 29, 1648. (Lancashire and Cheshire lVi//s, Chet. Soc., N.S., 
vol. iii. p. 236.) Several members of the family held positions of trust under the 
Eark of Derby. (See Stanley Papers, pt. iL, Chet Soc, vol. xxxi. p. no, and Nathan 
Walworth^ s Correspondence, Chet. Soc, vol. cix. passim.) 

Henry Burys Bequest. 7 

there, Wishing such a place for their Librarie : I am well con- 
tented and giue you comande to tell them soe ; And therfore 
you shall deliuer ouer the same unto them Assuring them of any 
kindness or Curtesie I can doe them — soe I bidd you farewell. 

"Yof Master, 
" Lathulme y« loth of Dec: 1636." " Strange.' 

This letter is endorsed : 

" 10 Dec. 1636. Lord Strange's Lre for glueing his Chappel 
at Manch"^ to the CoUedge for a Library." 

Then comes the following memorandum, dated December 17, 

" The chappie w^*' did belonge to James Lord Strange was by 

his directions to M^ Thomas Fox deliver'd up to the Warden and 

ffellowes of Xst Cott: in Manchester founded by Kinge Charles, 

for the perpetuall enjoyment of the Coll: afores^ and for the use 

of a Library ; in witness whereof the s<^ Tho: ffox hath put to his 


"Thomas ffox. 

*' In y« presence of Hugh Williams, 

" Randel Tipping, Thomas Tullack {pr Cullack)V 

In the library now belonging to the Manchester Grammar 
School are four books, which, from the inscriptions contained in 
them, seem to be the remains of an attempt to form a parochial 
library, so as to comply with the terms of Bury's bequest In a 
copy of Willett's Synopsis Papismi, is this inscription: " 1641, 
Liber Bibliothecae Mancuniensis ex dono Edwardi Johnson de 
Mane 3 Pretium j> 2« o^." 

■ Stanley Papers^ pt. iii. voL i., (Chet. Soe., voL Ixvi. p. d.,) taken from Tanner 
MS. 144, foL 31., BodL Lib. 

* Edward Johnson was a mercer in Manchester at this time. In the list of Man- 
chester Protestors {Paiatim NoU Book^ voL L p. 107), he is one of the few to whose 
names "Mr.** is prefixed, though he was not, as there stated, "one of the twenty 
Eve better sort of townesmen *' who signed the protest against the disturbance at the 
banquet to Lord Strange on July 15, 1642. He was junior constable of the town 
in 1654, boroughrecve in 1639, senior constable 1641, and boroughreeve again in 
1651. He promised ten pounds towards Rosworm*8 annuity, and b one of the 
"covenant breakers** of Manchester whom Rosworm stigmatixes so strongly in his 

8 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

\vi A Collectiofi of Statutes is "Lib. Bibliothecae Mancestriensis: 
ex dono Joannis Byrch de Openshaw* Feb. i6. 1640 pret 13J." 
And in a copy of Syntagma Corpus Doctritue veri et omnipotentis 
Dei, per J. Wigandum et M. Judicem, 4to, with a short chain 
attached, is " Lib: Bib: cae Mances: Ex dono Joannis Marler de 
Mancest^ gen: ffeb. 16. 1640, pr. 5^. &/./' and a Hebrew Bible 
contains the words, " Ex dono Joannis Marler gen. ffeb. 16. 1640. 
Pret. losr 

It will be noticed that the dates are only four years from the 
proving of Bury's will, and the insertion of the prices given for 
the books would seem to have been done for the purpose of satis- 
fying Bury's executors that the town possessed books of one 
hundred pounds value. It is probable. that the breaking out of 
the Civil War prevented the completion of the design. We find 
nothing further respecting the books or the bequest of Bury, and 
the Derby Chapel after the Restoration reverted to the possession 
of the Earls of Derby .3 

"angry paper " printed in 1649 {CivU War Tracts^ Chet Soc., voL ii. pp. 232, 234-7). 
There is a letter from him to Messrs. Booth and Johnson, dated Oct. 6, 1642 (Zom- 
cashire LiaUenancy^ Chet. Soc., vol. 1. p. 281), relating to the movements of the Earl 
of Derby, and the seizure by Sir Edward Mosley in Staffordshire of a supply of ammu- 
nition which had been sent by the parliament to Manchester. He was a party to the 
deed of August 20, 1653, conveying the Jesus Chapel to trustees for the purposes of a 
library. He acted as elder at the first few meetings of the Manchester Classis, and 
was a feoffee of the Grammar School, and was also nominated a feoffee of the College 
and Library by Humphrey Chetham in his will, but he died before Chetham, and was 
buried in the Derby Chapel in the Collegiate Church on June 2, 1654. 

' The family of Birch of Openshaw and Ardwick entered at Dugdale*s Visitation in 
1664-5 (Chet Soc., vol. Ixxxiv. p. 34) as a branch of the family of Birch of Birch. 
John Birch is there mentioned as the second son of Ambrose Birch, and as having 
married Alice, daughter of Robert Jepson of Manchester. 

■ John Marler ** of the Mealegate," gentleman, twice filled the office of boroughreeve, 
as well as other public positions in Manchester about this time. He appears in the list 
of Manchester Protestors. He died on May 24, 1 651. (See Palatine Note Book, voL L 
p. 123.) 

3 '* It was reserved for the late (Edward Smith, 13th) Earl of Derby, almost to re- 
build that noble chapel, and for the present (Edward Geoffrey, 14th and late) Earl to 
convey it to the parishioners, for the regular celebration of divine service within its 
hallowed walls." (Canon Raines, in the Stanley Papers, pt. iil vol. L p. cxlix.-cL, 
Chet. Soc., vol. Ixvi.) 

Rev. y , PrestwicKs Library. 9 

The Reverend John Prestwich's Library. 

The Rev. John Prestwich, B.D., Fellow of All Souls College, 
Oxford,' was the third son of Edmund Prestwich of Hulme, and 
brother of Sir Thomas Prestwich, created a baronet in 1644. It 
would seem that, being on a visit to Manchester early in 1653, he 
made a proposal to Heyrick, the warden of the Collegiate Church, 
and others of his townsmen, to present to the Church or town 
his library, and that he subsequently received from them a com- 
plimentary letter expressing their gratification at his proposal. 
To this letter he replied, on April 19, by the following letter, 
addressed "To his highly honoured ffriends Mr. Heyricke, Mr. 
Radcliffe, Mr. Mosley, Mr. Hartley, Mr. Lightboune, &c, at y« 
towne of Manchester in Lancaster, these present. 

'* Gentlemen, 

" It was neuer in my thoughts to aspire to y^ purchase of 
such a solemn reception : but since you haue been pleased so 
farre to honour me, it shall be my endeauour henceforth a little 
better to deserue it. My fortunes are but slender, otherwise my 
intentions had been greater ; however if God shall please to con- 
tinue those my fortunes to mee I shall still be adding more or 
lesse to y* small p'uision already made for you. Happily \i.e. 

' See Palatine Note Book^ vol. ii p. 182, et seq.^ where is to be found, from the pen of 
Mr. J. E. Bailey, an interesting account of the Rev. John Prestwich, both fuller and 
more accurate than any which has hitherto appeared, and where the printed authorities, 
as well as several MS. authorities, for Prestwich 's life are cited. By the favour of Sir 
James Ilannen, President of the Probate Division of the Supreme Court of Judica- 
ture, I am permitted to print, in extenso, Prestwich's will, hitherto only known by the 
extracts in Sir John Prestwich *s Respubliea, 17S7 ; and by the kindness of Professor 
Holland, Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, I am able to add a few details from the 
College Archives. The following is from the Book of Admissions to Fellowships in 
the custody of the Warden : 163a Joh. Prestwich A., Lane. Rector dc Elmley. Obiit 
Socius 1679. Ins. Par. [against another name the word is **/'ar/"] cjectus Icgavit ;^ioa 
(The letter ** A" indicates that Prestwich was a graduate in Arts,) In a book of 
Benefactors is the following entry: "Joh. Prestwich, A.M., Socius legavit centum 
libras, quibuscum cmebantur duac pelves et dux sequales argentei in usum Custodis 
ct sociL" (In an abstract of the Alms book, these articles are called *' Ewers and 
Batons. *' 

I o Old Libraries of Lancashire, 

mayhap] I may now & then bestow a booke vpon a ffriend ; 
w^^ if I do I shall not forget to recompense it w^*> buying of two ; 
happily I may exchaung one booke for another ; if I do y^ be 
confident it shall be to y^ aduantage. Many of those I have are 
small ones, not so fitt for a publicke as a priuate Library : many 
also not so vsefuU for men liuing in y« cuntrey as for those of y® 
Vniuersity. So that my purpose is (now y^ I haue receiued this 
encouragement from you) to begin to exchaung apace & much 
to alter & transform my study, thereby to make it y« more 
acceptable. Meane time I am not destitute of such as I hope 
will please you. And therefore as soone as I shall understand 
y^ a conuenient roome is actually contriued & fitted for y« receiu- 
ing of them I shall im*ediatly send you doune a parcell as y* 
first fruits ; & afterwards parcell upon parcell till you haue got- 
ten y« whole croppe. Only I shall reserue to my self a few 
gleanings, w^^ likewise sooner or later (according as God shall 
be pleased to shorten or lengthen my dayes) shall be y" also. 

"Grentlemen I do exceedingly honour both you & all your towne ; 
especially such as be of y« same affec'on w* you ; louers of 
religion in y« first place & learning in ye second. God Almighty 
p'serue & prosper all such, it is y« earnest prayer of 

" Yo'^ much indeared ffriend & seruant, 
" All Souls Coll : "Jo: Prestwich. 

"April 19: 1653."! 

This letter is endorsed : " Mr. Jo : Prestwich lett*" about his 
intended guift of Books to y® Library." 2 

Steps were at once taken to secure Prestwich's gift for the 
town, and the convenient room, stipulated for by him, was pro- 

' This letter is still presenred in the Archives of the Chetham Hospital and Library. 

' The words ** to y*= Library " imply that a library was then in existence, and no 
doubt refer to the books bought with Henry Bur/s bequest, or when that bequest was 
under consideration. The presence of Edward Johnson, one of the donors of the 
books to meet Bury's bequest, as a party to the deed of August 20, 1653, conveying 
the Jesus chapel to the To^ti for a library, suggests the idea that the books were 
placed with the books given by Prestwich, or that there was some connection between 
the two glfls. John Marlcr, another of the donors in 1640, died in 1651. 

Rev. y. PrestwicHs Library. 1 1 

vided, the use of the Jesus Chapel in the Collegiate Church being 
granted for the purposes of a library by its owner, Henry Pendle- 
ton,' in a deed of which the following is an abstract : 

By an Indenture made August 20, 1653, between Henry Pen- 
dleton of Manchester, gent, Edward Johnson, mercer, and James 
Lancashire, clothier, both of Manchester, of the one part ; and 
Edward Mosley of Hough, Bart.; Alexander Radcliffe of Ordsall, 
of the Honourable Order of the Bath, Knight ; Thomas Prestwich 
of Holme, Esq.,^ Richard Heyrick of Manchester, clerk, Richard 
Holland of Denton, Esq.; Humphrey Chetham of Clayton, Esq., 
Alexander Barlow of Barlow, Esq., Richard Haworth of Man- 
chester, Esq., Robert Hyde of Denton, Esq., Thomas Birch of 
Birch, Esq., John Prestwich, B.D., one of the Fellows of All Souls 
College, Oxford, clerk ; Richard Hollinworth of Manchester, 
clerk, John Hartley of Strangeways, Esq., Richard Radcliffe of 
Manchester, Esq., Nicholas Mosley of Ancoats, Esq., John 
Lightbowne of Manchester, Esq., Robert Booth of Gray's Inn, 
Esq., and Samuel Birch of Ardwick, Esq., of the other part. 
After reciting that the said John Prestwich had given several 
books to the inhabitants of Manchester to be placed within some 
convenient place within the said town for a library for the use 
and benefit of the said town, and that the Jesus Chapel was 
thought a fit place for the said books or any other books that 
might be given for the use aforesaid, but that the Chapel at that 
time was in great ruin and decay, the roof thereof being fallen, 

* Henry Pendleton was the fourth in descent from Francis Pendleton of Manchester, 
gent, and Cicely his wife, to whom the Jesus Chapel had been conveyed in 1562 by 
Isabel, mother of Cicely, and daughter of Richard Bexwicke or Beswicke. There 
seem to be good reasons why the Derby Chapel was not utilized for the library. The 
surrender of that Chapel was to the Warden and Fellows and not to the town ; the 
Chapter at this time (1653) was suspended ; and there was no one to give permission ; 
or it may be that Richard Heyrick, Richard Hollinworth, and William Walker, who 
were the then ministers, refused permission. 

■ Thomas Prestwich of Holme, or Hulme, was a cousin of Sir Thomas Prestwich 
and of the Rev. John Prestwich. He was the ancestor of the soi-disani Sir John Prest- 
wich, Baronet. (Sec St. George's yisitaticn of Lanauhirc, Chet. See, vol. Ixxxii. 
pp. xvi. and 41.) 

1 2 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

and requiring great sums for its reparation, and that the inheritance 
of the Chapel being vested in Pendleton, Johnson and Lancashire, 
or some of them, they were desirous to forward the good work 
(the same Chapel being situate between the Trafford Chapel on 
the West Side and the Chapter House on the East part), the 
said Chapel was conveyed to the said parishioners, on the con- 
dition of their paying a peppercorn yearly to them the said 
Pendleton, Johnson and Lancashire, and their heirs for ever.' 

By an endorsement on the deed of conveyance, it appears that 
Evan Clark and Samuel HoUinworth conjointly delivered seisin 
of the premises to Richard HoUinworth for himself and his co- 
trustees, on May 18, 1655. 

The Chapel was roofless, and greatly in need of repair, and in 
the following year a rate was levied on the inhabitants of the 
town for that purpose,^ and occasional rates were levied during 
the next few years for the maintenance of the chapel.^ 

It is probable that after the Jesus Chapel was put in repair, 
John Prestwich carried out his promise, and forwarded from time 
to time parcels of books, though I have found no record of their 
arrival. They would be placed in the Chapel together with the 
books bought with Humphrey Chatham's bequest, and the tA^'o 
libraries certainly existed side by side for some years. 

The Rev. John Prestwich died shortly before the month of 
August, 1679, leaving two infant nieces, Arabella and Penelope 

* Hist, of Chantries (Chct. Soc., vol. lix. p. 50). 

' James Lancashire was boroughrecve in 1656, and collected the rate. [^Palatine 
Note Book f vol. i. p. 214.) 

' After this date the Chapel seems for some time to have been considered as belong- 
ing to the town. In the Common-place Book of John Hyde {Palatini Note Book, 
voL ii. pp. 39-40), whom Mr. Bailey conjectures was the minister of Salford Chapel 
towards the end of the seventeenth century, is the following extract from the AfS, of 
HoUinworth's iV<2/ir«/»fiuw, which is not given in Willis's edition of 1839 : **This 
Chappcl came at last to one Hen. Pendleton (by descent) who sold or gave it to y« 
towne of Manchester." **'Tis now an English Library." William Byrom of Man- 
chester, by his will, dated November 30, 1665, requested that his body might be ** in- 
terred within the towns chappcl commonly called Pendleton chappcl." He was 
Imricd on Dcccml)cr 24, 1666. {Remains oj John Byrom, vol. ii. pt. ii. p. 34 of 
Appendix, Chel. Soc, vol. xliv. ) 

Rev. y. PrestwicKs Library. 13 

Prestwich, daughters of his deceased brother, Sir Thomas Prest- 
wich, his sole co-heirs at law and next of kin. It seems to have 
been assumed at first that he died intestate, and in the month of 
August in the same year, letters of administration ab intestate, of 
his goods, chattels, rights, and credits, were committed during the 
minority of his nieces, by the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, to 
their mother. Dame Mary Prestwich. But, in fact, he had left a 
will, which was subsequently propounded for probate by the 
Warden and Fellows of All Souls, and on July 6, 1680, Sir 
Richard Lloyd, Knt, LL.D., sitting as surrogate for Sir Leoline 
Jenkins, Dean of Arches, pronounced in favour of the will, re- 
voking the letters of administration, ab intestate, and committing 
the administration with the will annexed to Dame Mary Prestwich 
as mother and guardian of her two infant daughters during their 
minority.' The will is in the following terms : 

" In the name of God Amen I John Prestwich &c. to be buried 
decently not sumptuously allowing neither Rings Staves or 
Ribbons but only wine and bisquets and a pair of white Gloves 
to every one invited to my funeral And as concerning my per- 
sonal and Worldly Estate of goods chatles, &c. Imp" I give 
unto the Colledge of All Souls the som of one hundred pounds to 
be layd out upon two silver Basons and Ewers the one of ffiftie 
five pounds price for the constant service of the subwardens 
Table the other of fourty five pounds price for Service of the 
other Tables Item I give unto the Warden of the same College 

* It U clear from the will and from Uic proceedings in the Prerogative Court that 
Sir Thomas Prestwich had predeceased his brother John, and that the statement in 
Barkers Extinct Baronetage, 1844, that Sir Thomas Prestwich left three daughters, 
Arabella, Procella and Maigarct, is an error. Margaret seems to have been a fictitious 
personage, invented as the ancestress of a family of Ringrose, in the county of Clare. 
The will Is copied from ** Bath/* fo. 98, Wills Office, Somerset House, and effectually 
disposes of Ant. \ Wood's statement that John Prestwich died intestate, but the date 
of the will given by the soi-disant Sir John Prestwich in his Respublua as 1680 is 
clearly wrong. No date appears in the will, nor are the names of the executors given, 
and it would seem to have been intended as a draft, or instructions for a will merely. 
l»ut it Is clear that the testator die<l Inrfore the month of Augui.t 1 679, the date of the 
first lcttcri> of administration to Lady Prestwich. 

1 4 Old Libraries of Latuaskirc. 

a Ring of twenty shillings price and to every of the ffellowes 
Probationers and Chaplins a Ring of x^ price Item to the College 
of Brasenose I give the sume Three score pounds fourty whereof 
to be disposed for the publiq^ use of the College by the Principal 
and six senior ffellowes and the Remaining t\venty to be layd out 
upon a peice of Plate with my name upon it Itctn I forgive and 
release all manner of Debts at any time due unto me either from 
my brother S*" Thomas Prestwich or his son my nephew More- 
over I give unto my Brothers Relict Lady the summ of Twenty 
pounds Item I give unto my Cousin Elias Prestwich of Ball- 
cullun neare Lymerick in Ireland » the summ of t\venty pounds 
//. whereas long agoc I made promise of my Study of Bookes 
towardes the furnishing of a Library in Manchester within the 
County of Lancaster I do now ratifie and confirme my said 
promise by giving thereunto not only such Bookes as I then had 
but such also as I have bought and gathered upp since yet not 
absolutely all but such as are fitt for a publiqy Library that is to 
say All my ffolios Quartos and larger Octavos bound up either 
in Leather Vellum or Parchment As for such as be smaller or 
but sticht up and nothing fitt for such a Library in the judg- 
ment of mine Ex^ It is my desire to have them bestowed upon 
the Clerkes Choiristers and Servitors according to the discretion 
of my said Ex^ Itetn Whereas my Cozen Thomas Prestwich of 
Holme late deceased became indebted to me by bond the summ 
of fourty pounds I do remitt and forgive the same Debt unto 
whomsoever it be charged upon And Whereas also my said 
Cozen Thomas by Indenture of Lease did covenant to pay unto 
me the Rent of foure pounds per Annum for a House in ffenell 
street^ which foure pounds I have late yearely allowed unto his 

* Elias Prestwich was the son of the cousin Thomas Prestwich, aflerwards men- 
tioned, and the ancestor of the gentleman who styled himself Sir John Prestwich, 
Baronet, the editor of the Respublicay which he purports to have copied from MSS^ of 
the Rev. John Prestwich, Fellow of All Souls. 

' In the list of Protestors of 1641-2, among the ** inhabitants of Toad Lane with 
some of Fennel St. Millgate and thereabouts," is Edward Prestwich (No. 468), which 
it has been suggested should be Edmund Prestwich, innkeeper, who died in 1644. 
{Palatine Note Book, vol. i. p. 168.) 

Rev, y. PrestwicKs Library. 1 5 

son John for his better education It is my Will that the same 
allowance be continued unto him during his Natural life More- 
over whereas my said Cozen Thomas by another Indenture of 
Lease did covenant to pay unto me the rent of Three pounds ten 
shillings per annum for a House in the Deanes gate it is my will 
that the said Three pounds ten shillings be remitted to his children 
during the whole Terme of yeares in the said Lease specified 
whereof Nine are yet to come Item I do give unto my Cousins 
Elizabeth Byram and Penelope Hey Sisters to my Cozen John 
Byram of Salford lately deceased * to each of them I give the 
summe of five pounds Item I give to my Cozen Margaret 
Ashton daughter to my Uncle Thomas Prestwich the summ of 
three pounds Item I give unto hir brother my Cozen Edward 
Prestwich living in Brook Street by London near Ratliffe Cross 
a Ring of xx^ price Item I give the like to my Cozen Rowland 
Dee Merchant living in London at the Stocks Markett^ Item I 
give unto my much hon<i and very kind friend M" Anne Mosley 
of the Hough End near Manchester an Elizabeth xxii* piece of 
gold Item I give unto Richard Crowther of Manchester^ for 

' In the B3rrom Pedigree, printed for the Chetbam Society, by Canon Raines (Ap- 
pendix to Remains of John Byrom^ vol il pt ii.)» it is stated that Adam Byrom of 
Salford, the father of John Byrom of Salford, Elizabeth B3rrom, and Penelope Hey, 
married Ellen, daughter of Edmund Prestwich and sister of Sir Thomas Prestwich, 
Bart. ; this would make Elizabeth, Penelope and John, nieces and nephew of the Rev. 
John Prestwich, instead of "cousins," as he calls them. It is probable that Adam 
Byrom's wife was a daughter of Edmund Prestwich, the grandfather of Sir Thomas. 
(See his will, and note by Mr. Piccope, Wills and Inventories^ 3rd portion, Chct Soc., 
▼oL liv. pp. 103-5.) Mr. Piccope, however, gives to Edmund Prestwich two daughters 
named Ellen, — Ellen, wife of John Byrom, and Ellen, wife of Leonard Ashall or 
Ashawe, — but Leonard Ashall*s wife was named Margaret, (See Ashowe Pedigree in 
St, Georges Visitation^ Chet. Soc., vol. IxxxiL p. 6.) 

• Rowland I)ce was a son of Arthur Dec, and a grandson of Dr. John Dee, the 
Warden of Manchester (1595 to 160S). Arthur Dee married Isabel or Isabella, 
daughter of Edmund Prestwich of Hulme (grandfather of the Rev. John Prestwich). 
(See Mr. J. E. Bailey's notes on Dr. Dec's Diary in Local Gleanings^ 1879-So^ 
pp. 215-219.) 

' Richard Crowder took the Protestation, among those in "Deanes^gate and Hulme" 
(Na 726), and Richard Crowther was Churchwarden in 1671, and Junior Constable 
In 1673. 

1 6 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

his true and faithfull Service towards me the summ of five pounds 
requesting him to be assistant to my Exe" as well in calling in 
such Debts as he knows to be due unto me as also in the distri- 
buting such legacies as concern my friends in the Country." 

It would seem from the original gift of Prestwich in his life- 
time, and from the steps taken to repair and fit up the Jesus 
Chapel, that his Library was intended to be placed in the 
Church with the ** godly English books " of Humphrey Chetham, 
and that the Warden and Fellows would be the natural custo- 
dians of the gift Yet the Governors of Humphrey Chetham's 
College and Library seem to have assumed, and to have been 
allowed to act as trustees of the bequest, and the only subsequent 
records of the Library are those contained in the books of the 

At a meeting of the Governors of the College and Library, 
held on October 4, 1680, it was resolved : 

" That D"" Stratford, M"" Francis Mosley,* M*" Tilsley, doe take 
care about the Books w'ch M^ J6 Preistwich has left to the Library, 
how and in what manner the said books shalbc disposed of to the 
advantage of the Libraric, and the remembrance of the said Jo 
Preistwich. Neminc Contradicctite!' 

There is no record in the Minutes of the Grovemors* meetings 
as to what decision was arrived at about the books by Dr. Strat- 
ford and Messrs. Moslcy and Tilsley, but we may assume that 
the conclusion was that they should be sold, and the money 
applied for the benefit of the library, for at a meeting of the 
Governors on April 20, 1685, it was agreed that there should be 
another meeting on April 30, " And that then they doe alsoe ex- 
amine what hath been received for M"" Preistwichs Library, and 
enquire after the remainder, and where the Catalogue is." In 
the Minutes of the meeting of April 30, the following appears : 

'* At the same tyme wee examined what had beene received of 

' Dr. Stratford was Warden, and Francis Mosley a Fellow, of the Collegiate Church, 
and were both Governors of the Collie and Library. For Tilsley, see /or/. 

Rev. y. PrestwicKs Library. 1 7 

M"" Preistwichs library, and it appears there hath beene received 

in moneys to witt 

"4 May i68i by D^ Stratford lo" 

" 12 May 1682 by M*^ Peter Birch 40" 

" And that the remaind' of the Books of M' Preistwichs library 
are for anything we know in the hands of M*" Peter Birch and 
the catalogue of the same in the custody of D' Stratford." ' 

The subject does not seem to have been brought up again at 
the meetings of the Governors, but the books, or the proceeds 
arising from their sale, were received by them before 1693. Early 
in that year Thomas Pendleton, the Librarian of the Chetham 
Library, died, and the Rev. Nathaniel Banne* was appointed to 
succeed him, and the following is an account of the books, &c., 
delivered into his charge : 

** May y« 4 1693 Reed, into y« Charge of M*" Banne Library 
Keepf these books following (viz.) 2281 ffol» 1262 q^ and 8* in 
2JI 3543 with two globes three mapps one large pap'r ffoll® Booke 
with clasps one less paper ffoll' Booke a tin ruleing pen Seven- 
teene doz of new cheins a large Snake skin besides 12 old useless 
Baokes rem^ of M^ Prestwich Library a Geneogicall roole A 
speaking Trump^ A microscope A tellescope A prism a p' of 
looking glasses a multiplying glass a square table two back 

' Peter Birch, aftenrards D.D., prebend of Westminster (see Wood's Athena^ vol. 
It. p. 659), was at Oxford at this time, and the Governors seem to have asked him to 
take charge of Prestwich's library, which would be at All Souls, and to dispose of part 
of it to the best advantage. It does not seem unreasonable to suppose that the lo/. 
that Warden Stratford had received was the proceeds of the sale of some of the books 
given by Prestwich in his lifetime to the Church. The will implies that the library 
left at his death was to be put with the books he had given in his lifetime, and the &ct 
that Stratford and Mosley (one the warden and the other a fellow of the Church) were 
two of the three governors appointed to deal with the books, seems to imply that there 
had been some agreement to the effect that the Warden and Fellows, and the trustees 
of the Jesus Chapel, should hand over to the Chetham Library such of the books as 
were not suitable for a Church Library. 

• Afterwards Rector of St. Ann's, Manchester. 


1 8 Old L ibraries of Lancashire. 

stoole And twenty eight stooles as witness my hand y« day and 
y*" above written — Received these into my Charge, Nath: Banne 

In the following year the Governors began to keep a book 
containing a list of the benefactions to the library, with the title, 
" Catalogue of Benefactors to M*" Checthams Library 1694," and 
the first entry is as follows : 

" Imprs in Books to y« value of 50" & upwards by y« reverend 
M^ John Prestwich Fellow of All-Souls in Oxford/'^ 

It has hitherto been supposed that the Rev. John Prestwich's 
library completely disappeared, but it seems most probable from 
these entries that the non-theological part of it was absorbed into 
the Chetham Library, where the books would doubtless be in 
more fitting company than in the Collegiate Church with the 
" godly English books " bought with Chctham's bequest, and that 
the proceeds of the portion which were sold were applied to the 
benefit of the same library. 

In the years 1681, 1705, 1749, and 1804, new trustees were 
appointed,^ and "the Jesus Chapel and the Library therein" 
were conveyed to them in trust. The trustees appointed in 1804 
were Sir Oswald Mosley of Rolleston, Bart., the Right Honorable 
the Lord Ducie of Strangeways, Henry Atherton of Lincoln's 
Inn, Esq., John Bradshaw of Darcy Lever, Esq., Edward Greaves 
of Culcheth, Esq., and John Dickanson of Leighton Buzzard, Esq. 
In or about the year 1829, Miss Eleonora Atherton, elder daughter 

' This extract from the Books of the Governors is given in the Palatine Note Book^ 
vol. ii. pp. 225-6, by Mr. Hanby, the present governor of the Hospital, and following 
it is another extract giving the number of books, &c, received into the charge of the 
Rev. James Leicester, who succeeded Nathaniel Banne as Library Keeper, from which 
it appears that the library had increased by 910 volumes in the 19 years which had 
intervened, and the ** 12 old useless books y<^ remainder of M' Prestwichs Library" 
again appear. 

' Palatine Note Booky vol. ii. p. 185. The *' Benefactors Book " was not commenced 
until about twelve years after Prestwich's books had been received, which may account 
for their precise value not being given. 

3 See Hist, of Chantries^ vol. i. (Chet. Soc, vol. lix.) pp. $1-2, where the several 
lists of trustees are given. 

The Chetham Libraries. 19 

and co-heiress of Henry Atherton, gave the then Warden and 
Fellows permission to use the Jesus Chapel as a registry,' and 
about the same time the remainder of the library, ix,, the books 
bought with Humphrey Chetham*s bequest were finally dispersed. 

The Church Libraries of Manchester, Bolton, 


BY Humphrey Chetham. 

Besides the foundation of the Library and College at Man- 
chester to which his name is specifically attached, Humphrey 
Chetham, by his will, dated December 16, 165 1, made provision 
for the establishment of five other libraries of "godly English 

The following are the terms of the bequest : 

"Also I do hereby give and bequeath the sum of two hundred 

' The Chapel is now more familiarly known as the Byrom Chapel, from having been 
the burial place of the Byroms for many years. Hibbcrt-Ware, Foundations of Man- 
ctuster^ voL ii. p. 312, after speaking of the Jesus Chapel being repaired and converted 
into an English library, goes on to say, '* At a subsequent period it became the pro- 
perty of the Byroms of Kersal, and has descended to the present owner, who, in 1829, 
very obligingly granted to the Churchwardens of Manchester her permission for it to 
be used as a registry for transacting parochial business." The Chapel certainly never 
became the property of the Byroms as here stated, though they seem to have claimed 
it, and had probably a right of burial there. Mr. Croston ( Tkt AncUni Rectorial and 
Parish Church of Manchcstrr, 1879, p. 12), says, "The Chape! was for several gene- 
rations the burial place of the Byroms ; from that circumstance it was commonly known 
as the Bjrrom Chapel, and was in fact claimed as their property. In 1829 Miss 
Eleonora Byrom of Kersal gave to the Churchwardens permission to use the Chapel 
as a registry for the transaction of the business of the parish." But Canon Raines, in 
his Byrom Pedigrees^ with Illustrative Notes^ printed at the end of the Remains of John 
Byrom (Chet Soc, vol. xliv.), makes no claim to the Chapel on behalf of the Byrom 
fiunily, though in the Pedigree of the Byroms of Manchester he states that as early as 
1733 Joseph Byrom was buried in the Byrom Chapel. In his History of tht Chantries 
(Chet. Soc, vol. lix.), he gives the dates of the several deeds of conveyance of the 
Jesus Chapel and the Library therein contained, with the names of the trustees (pp. 
51-2), from the Kersall Cell Evidences^ and he could hardly have failed to notice the 
passing of the Chapel to the Byrom family, if such had l)cen the case. All he says on 
the point is (p. 52), "and from having been the burial place of the Byrom family for 
more than two centuries, jcsus Chapel is now commonly callcil the Byrom Cha|H.*l." 

20 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

pounds to be bestowed by my Executors in Godly English Books^ 
such as Calvin's, Preston's, and Perkin's works ; comments and 
annotations of the Bible or some parts thereof ; or such other 
books as the said Richard Johnson, John Tildesley and Mr. 
HoUingworth » or any of them shall think most proper for the 
edification of the common people ; to be by the discretion of my 
said Executors, chained upon desks or to be fixed to the pillars 
or in other convenient places in the Parish Churches of Man- 
chester and Boulton in the Moors, and in the Chapels of Turton, 
Walmesley, and Gorton, in the said County of Lancaster, within 
one year next after my decease/' 

Humphrey Chetham died on September 20, 1653,^ and his will 

' Richard Johnson was the '' loving friend " of Humphrey CheUiam, and "andent 
acquaintance " of Dr. Worthington. (See note on him in WorihingtotCs Diary^ toL ii. 
pt i. Chet. Soc., voL xxxvi. pp. 238-9.) He was appointed a feoflfee of the Hospital 
and Library at the feoffees* first meeting after Chetham's death. He was PreacfaeTy 
and afterwards Master of the Temple. Besides buying the books for the Chnrdi 
Libraries, he also expended the ;f 1000 left by Humphrey Chetham for books for 
the great library, and at the meeting of the Chetham feoffees on August 2, 1657, it 
was agreed that he should have the sum of fifteen pounds for his '* pains and charges 
in the buying of the books." He also received the sum of twenty-five pounds and the 
thanks of the feoffees for his great pains and charges in obtaining the incorporation 
of the Hospital and Library in 1665. He died in the year 1674. 

John Tilsley (so he signed his name in the Minute book of the feoffees) was curate 
to Mr. Horrocks, and afterwards succeeded him as Vicar of Deane. He was ejected 
in 1662, and resided in Manchester until his death in 1684. He married a daughter 
of Ralph, brother of Humphrey Chetham, and was one of the original feoffees of the 
hospital and library, and attended their meetings regularly until his death. He was 
an uncompromising Presbyterian, and the bigoted way in which he went about the 
selection of the books for the Church libraries is shewn by the letter on pp. 22-3. (See 
Memoir of him by Mr. J. E. Bailey, Lancashire afid Cheshire Antiquarian Notes, 
Leigh, 1884.) 

Richard Plollinworth was the well-known author of Mancuniensis and other works. 
A copy of Augustini Opera, 16 vols. 8vo. (Junta. Lugd., 1563), each volume containing 
his autograph, is in the Astley Church Library, and a copy of Usher's Body 0/ Divinity^ 
fo. 1647, also with his autograph, is in the Sacred Trinity (Salford) Church Library, 
now at the Salford Reference Library, Peel Park. 

' In the Collegiate Church Register, as cited by Hibbert-Ware {Foundations of 
Mamhester, vol. ii. \\ 342), Humphrey Chetham is stated lo have died September 20, 
and to have been Iniriod at the Collegiate Church, October 12, 1653. And in the 

The Chetham Libraries. 2 1 

was proved by George Chetham and Edward Chetham, the ex- 
ecutors named therein.' 

Though it was the testator's wish that the books should be 
provided within one year after his decease, nearly thirteen months 
were allowed to pass before anything was done in the matter, but 
at a meeting of the feoffees, held on October 18, 1654, at which 
there were present Mr. Holland, Mr. Hopwood, Mr. Hyde, Mr. 
Radclyffe, Mr. Jo. Lightbowne, Mr. Booth, Mr. Wrigley, Mr. 
Nich. Mosley, Mr. HoUinworth, Mr. Raphe Worsley, Mr. James 
Lightbowne, and Tho. Mynshull, held at Mr. Greene's house * in 
Manchester : 

" It was thought fytt and agreed that the two hundred pounds 
given by Mr. Humfrey Cheetham for the buying of godly English 
bookes to be placed in Manchester and Bolton Churches, and the 
Chappells of Gorton, Turton and Walmesley be thus devyded, 
ffor Manchester seaventie pounds, for gorton thirtie pounds, for 
Boulton ffyfty pounds, for Turton thirtie pounds, for Walmesley 
twentie pounds." 

Of the three persons chosen to select the books, Johnson, as 
preacher at the Temple, would spend most of his time in London, 
and his share in the matter seems to have been that of buying 

feofTecs! minute book, under date December 6, 1653, it is stated that "Humphrey 
Chetham dyed on the twentieth day of September last post.*' lu the Foundations 
(vol. iiL p. 168), however, 12 October is given as the date of his death, and this is 
followed by Mr. Edwards, in his Memoirs of Libraries ^ vol. L p. 634, and by Mr. Bailey 
(Mamkesier Literary Club Papers^ 1878, p. 176, and Palatine Note Bookt voL ii. p. 
183). In his Funeral Certificate (Record Society, vol. vi. p. 200), he is said to have 
died on the {sic) of August, 1653, and to have been interred at Manchester, ii Octb. 
1653 • (ii* is perhaps an error for 1 1. The procession would leave Clayton, where he 
died, late at night on the I ith, and the service would not be Bnished until the morning 
of the 12th, when the entry in the Register would be made). In the editor's note to 
the Funeral Certificate, is a reference to Booker's History of Blacktey^ in which the 
page and the date are wrongly cited. 

' Nephews of the testator. (See as to George Chetham, Palatine Note Book^ vol. L 
pp. 116, 126-7, 218.) 

* Mr. Greene was a vintner in Manchester {Palatine Note Book^ vol. i. p. 108). 
Newcome frequently mentions him in his Diary, Many of the earlier meetings of the 
Chetham feoffees were held at his house. 

2 2 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

the books, and Hollinworth and Tilsley divided between them the 
work of selecting the books for the several libraries, Hollinworth 
selecting those for Manchester and Gorton, and Tilsley those for 
Bolton, Turton, and Walmsley. The division of the two hundred 
pounds, giving fifty pounds to Bolton, thirty to Turton, and 
twenty to Walmsley, did not give satisfaction to Tilsley and the 
people of Bolton, as appears from the following letter, which also 
shows the narrow and bigoted spirit displayed by Tilsley in the 
selection of the books. The letter is addressed " ffor ye Reve- 
rend my much honord B'^. M*". Hollinworth minister of ye Gospell 
at Manchester These at his house in ye Milngate, Manchester," 
and is as follows : 
"Reverend Sir 

Yrs of March ult. I received Wherein you call for a Cata- 
logue of Books for Bolton, Turton, Walmsley. Truly Sr. if the 
proportion must stand after 50^* only to ye parish Church and 
50^» to ye two Chapels, I have little stomach to meddle at all in 
the business: 80^' would lay a foundation for a prettie [Stock.?] 
at Bolton : And if I dye without sonne I should be willing to 
add to it at my decease w^^ many other such like Occasions w<^^ 
might come to amount to somewhat. I spoke to Mr. Norris and 
Mr. Okey on the matter, who said that they weere meerely passive 
in the case, and are very sollicitous for an alteration ; they say 
moreover, that they never heard of lesse than 6o^» for Bolton, 
and that the executors, not feofees weere to dispose,* and that 
they seemd inclinable to have more at Bolton, and were not tena- 
tious for ye chappels. We desire to have the benefit of the 
yearely meeting on Easter Monday ere the bookes be bought or 
the proportion fixed p'emptorily, to see if it may be altered to our 
minde. I have sent a catalogue inclosed of books enough for 

* Mr. Norris and Mr. Okey were feoffees of the Hospital and Library, both residing 
at Bolton. The division of the two hundred pounds was made at a meeting of the 
feoffees, at which the executors were not present, though the bequest in the will sa3rs 
that the executors were to bestow the books. All the alter proceedings in relation to 
the books were settled at the meetings of the feoffees, at which the executors were 
sometimes present, and sometimes not. 

The Chethdm Libraries, 23 

twice soe much moneys as is to be bestowed. Mr. Johnson may 
take such as hee thinkes meete : I spoke with some chiefe of 
Bolton, whoe desire to have no erroneous Authors Or that have 
any tincture thereof, though mixed w^** never so much other good 
matter for feare of infection : Particularly by all meanes they 
would Not have One Independent writer in all the number, by 
any means how excellent soever for feare of any of there falling 
in love w^ the way for the mans sake. This makes I have pur- 
posely omitted many excellent authors e,g, Tho. Goodwine, Mr. 
Burroughs, Greenhil, Caryl, Bridge, .... Shepheard. As 
alsoe upon the other accompt Dr. Jerem. Taylor, Hammond, 
Chillingworth, Baxter. Noe more till I see you, but my and my 
wifes respects & soe w^** many thankes for your last paynes I 
com'end you in your present condition w^ yours to Our rich 

great good god and Rest 

" Yor meanest & unworthiest 

"Deanc Ch: Apr. 5. 1655." "B' Jo: TlLSLEY." 

This letter is endorsed : 

" M' Tilsley about books for Boulton." Also, '* And his p'mis 

of Books when hee dyes w<^** I believ wilbe no more than this 
letter." 2 

The bookcases which were to contain the books were made 
sometime during the year 1655, as the two and part of the third 
which remain, all bear that date. 

* This letter is mentioned in the Chetham minute book as one of the *' documents, 
&c, belonging to the Hospital and Library in the keeping of the Treasurer (Thomas 
MynshuU)," in 1679, and is still preserved in the Chetham Library. (Scrap Book 
MS, Letters.) 

* The endorsment about the ''promise of Books when hee dyes'* is in the hand- 
writing of Richard Johnson, and his "belief" was verified. Tilsley*s will {^Lancashire 
and Cheshire IV/Us, Chet Soe, N.S., vol. iii. p. 169), contains no mention of books, 
though he died " without sonnc." His three sons all died young. His library, how- 
ever, seems to have been formed in the same spirit as the letter given above. Henry 
Newcome, in his Autobiography (p. 258), says, under the date January 29, 1684, "I 
went to Mrs. Partington's, and was there till six at night, going over Mr. Tilsley *s books. 
And I was fond of it (as I use to be of such little things before they come) and it was 
very just I should find very little in it when over ; but well wearied I was. That was 
most that I got for my fondness." 

2 4 Old L ibraries of Lancashire. 

In the year 1656 Johnson was imprisoned as a suspected 
royalist, and in November of that year Hollinworth died On 
May 21, 1657, at a meeting of feoffees of the Hospital and 
Library, at which the executors were present, the following 
minute was made : 

" It was ordered that the Chappells and Boulton to w^ the 
sev'all bookes are to be given ; the ministers & ye well affected > 
thereoff are to be desyred to give to the executors a note of such 
bookes as they desire to be bought and that within one month 
That is to say to Boulto 50^*, to Turton 30^', to Walmsley 20", to 
Gorton 30^*, to Manchester the some of 70"." 2 

Richard Johnson had up to the end of July, 1657, expended 
;f 120 of the ;^200 in books, and though a month was given in the 
last extracted minute as the time in which the several lists were 
to be prepared, yet over thirteen months elapsed before anything 
further was done. On June 28, 1658, the library for Gorton 
Chapel was completed and a discharge obtained for the same.3 
On June 29, 1659, at a meeting of the feoffees at which the 
executors were present it was agreed : 

" That ffor the ffixing of the Books there bee allowed for and 
towards the shelveing and chaining the s^ Books, in Boulto 
church, in Turton, in Walmesley Chappels, in Manchester church 
& gorton chappell for ev'ry twentie pounds worth of Books (their 
carriedg and posting deducted) the some of Thirtie shillings and 
in case the s^^ desks shall amount above the afores^^ p'portion and 
some that then the respective places shall pay & allow the 
ou'rsome for the s^ desks, or have soe many the fewer books as 
the s<i desks shall soe amount unto." 

On July 28, 1659, the libraries for Turton and Walmsley were 

' The words " and ye well affected " seem to have been inserted afterwards, 

' The fact that the amounts to the different places are again given seems to imply 

that Tilsley*s letter had been considered, and that the feoffees and executors had 

determined to make no change in the apportionment. 
3 The Gorton library was practically completed on this date, there were, however, 

some small additions made in 1666, which are noticed at the end of the discharge, 

for which see post^ Gorton Chapel. 

The Chetham Libraries, 25 

completed and delivered into the hands of Mr. George Chetham. 
The "note" or lists of the books for Manchester and Bolton 
churches were still incomplete, and at the general meeting of the 
feoffees on Easter Monday (April 23), 1660, at which the execu- 
tors were not present, the following minute was agreed to : 

"At w'ch tyme it was agreed that those books for Manchester 
and Boulton that are not yet pr'vyded, That Mr. Heyricke Mr. 
Newcom & Mr. Wickins ' be pleased to give a Cattalogue of such 
books as must bee for Manchester, And that Mr. Tilsley doe 
please procure a Cattalogue of such Books as are for Boulton, 
And that forthw'th the Executors be desyred that the s*^ Books 
bee pr'yded accordingly at or before the 29th day of Sept. next 
according to their sev'rall proportions as formerly by formal order 
doth appV." 

This minute had the effect desired so far as Manchester was 
concerned, though instead of five months from the date of the 
meeting, it was not until towards the end of the year 1662, that 
Henry Newcome had got so near the completion as the writing 
of the catalogue, and it was only on January 26, 1665, that the 
formal discharge was signed and handed over to the Executors. 

The whole of the two hundred pounds had now been expended 
by Johnson, and the remainder of the books he had purchased, 
which were for Bolton, were in the hands of the feoffees. We 
have seen from Tilsley's letter of April 5, 1655, what the character 
of the books were that he and ** the chiefe of Bolton " desired, 
and some of the books that Johnson had sent down from London 
would not be acceptable to them : accordingly at a meeting of 
the feoffees held May 27, 1662, when, amongst others, Alexander 
Norris and John Okcy, as well as Johnson, were present, the fol- 
lowing minute was agreed to : 

* Richard Hcyrick was the Warden. Henry Newcome succeeded llollingworth in 
the ministry of the Collegiate Church ; his Diary and Autohio^raphy have l)ccn pul>- 
lished by the Chetham Society (vols. xviiL, xxvi., xxvii). John Wickcns was the Head 
Master of Manchester Grammar School at this time. He a&siste<l in the selection of 
the books for the great library, for which he received a gift of twenty nobles and the 
thanks of the feoffees. 


26 Old Librmi£s of Lancashire, 

" That the books shall be bought for Bolton according to their 
desyre, with the first moneys that comes inn And the books 
already bought to bee brought into the coition Library, and that 
these that are already bought, are not the same that they desyred 
And that Mr. Johnson be satisfyed what he hath payd for books 
more than he hath received." ^ 

It was not until the latter part of the year 1666 that the pur- 
chasing of the books for Bolton was satisfactorily completed. At 
a meeting of the Governors 2 of the Hospital and Library held on 
October i, 1666, the following minute was passed : 

"That the books be sent to Boulton according to their just 
p'portio and as is formerly ordered (according to the list given in 
by Mr. Tilsley) for soe many as shall make upp their some." 

From the wording of this minute it may be inferred that 
another attempt had been made to increase the sum allotted to 
Bolton, and at the next meeting of the Governors, held on April 
8, 1667, a further effort was made in that direction, which was to 
some extent successful, as appears by the following minute : 

" That Boulton have the some of five pounds in Bookes above 
their due p'portio sent when Mr. Chetham sends for them. And 
this S" was granted at the desyre of James Chetham Esq." ^ 

Then follows : 

" That Mr. James lUingworth have S^» and thanks for his great 
paines in placing the books and wryting them in a book as they 
are placed.""* 

* This latter part of the minute may apply equally to the books for the great library 
(which Johnson also bought) as to those for the church libraries. 

■ The Hospital and Library were incorporated by Charter dated November 10, 1665, 
and the feoffees are henceforth styled governors. 

3 James Chetham was the eldest son of George Chetham, the executor of Humphrey 
Chetham, who died in 1664. 

* This James Illingworth seems to be the same person as the Rev. James Tiling- 
worth, B.D., fellow of Emanuel College, Cambridge, up to 1662, when he was 
forced to leave, and came to reside in Manchester. He is very frequently referred to 
in Newcome's Diary and also in his Autobiography, Ralph Thoresby, in his Diary^ 
refers to him as "the learned and ingenious Mr. James Illingworth, the worthy presi- 
dent of Emanuel College, Cambridge." In 1684 the thanks of the Governors of the 

Manchester Church Library, 27 

On April 15, 1668, the books were placed in Bolton Church, 
so finishing a work which, instead of being completed in one 
year after the testators death, as he wished, had taken very near 
fifteen years to accomplish. 

Manchester Church Library. 

Before HoUin worth died in 1656 it seems probable that he 
had made out a list of the books for Manchester, as only the 
Chapels and Bolton are mentioned in the minute of May 21, 
1657, though it would seem from the minute of April 23, 1660, 
that the list was incomplete, and Heyrick, Newcome, and Wickens 
were asked to complete it. Heyrick was entirely occupied in 
his efforts to retain his wardenship,' Wickens does not seem to 
have assisted, and the duty devolved entirely upon Newcome. 

In his Diary^ are several entries relating to the business, which 
seems to have sorely exercised his mind before it was completed. 
On October 30, 1 661, he writes : 

" I was somew^ troubled y^ y^ English library 3 was still put off, 
but I hope it will yet be done in due time . . . I took some little 
viewe of the bookes in y« catalogue for the English library, and 
cast up the summe as well as I could." 

The next day, October 31, he says : 

" I went to y« library about y^ English bookes, & wee resolved 
upon a way & put them into some faire readynes." 

On November 28, he mentions "y® English books," and 
" borrowed Mr. Gataker." On December 3, he went out about 
the English books, and on the ninth of the same month he was 
at the College about the English books. On the next day he 
writes : 

Chetham Hospital and Library were given to Mr. James Illingworth, B.D., **for the 
five pictures given by him to the Hospital and Library, viz. : Luther, Bradford, 
Nowel, Whittaker, and Boulton." These are now in the Reading Room. 

* Dr. Edward Wolley had actually obtained a patent as Warden. {Manchester 
Guardian, Notes and Queries, October 9, 1876.) 

' Chet. Soc, vol. xviii. 

3 The Church Library, distinguished from **The great Library." 

28 Old Libraries of Lancashire, 

"And in y® afternoone was . . . at y« library w^ Mr. Holbrooke' 
about y« English bookes ... I went after supp: to Mr. MinshulFs^ 
about y^ English bookes v^ I hope will be set up to-morrow." 

The next day, on which he hoped the books would be set up, 
he has the following entry : 

"After I went to set up the bookes in y« English library, and 
was crossed bee : my minde was so foolish to be set on such a 
th : as to be y^ cheife doer in setinge up y® bookes. In y^ wee 
came just at 3 w^^ was service time, and besides w<^^ wee could 
not bring the th : to perfection this night as wee desired." 

On December 12, he was again employed about finishing the 
fixing of the books, and on December 18, he went forth to put a 
book into the English library. On January i, 1662, he writes : 

"After dinner Mr. Minshul sent for me, and we perfected our 
accounts about y« English library." 

On January 27 : 

" I allso perfected y® busynes in y® English library." 

March 1 1 : 

" I did after dinner take order about y® chaininge of y® rest of 
y^ bookes for y^ English library." 

March 21 : 

" I went about 5 & did up y« rest of y^ bookes in y« English 

An interval of some months passed before Newcome again 
mentions his labours in the matter of the English library, during 
which time he was much concerned as to his future course of life, 
but on September 1 3, he writes : 

" After family duty I went to y® library & studdyed on Ps. 
cxxiii. I did some little about it as I could y^ day." 

On September 26, he 

* The Rev. Richard Holbrcx)ke of Salford, whom Newcome frequently mentions 
in his Diary, 

' Thomas Mynshull was an apothecary in Manchester. He was Treasurer of the 
Hospital and Library at this time. See Note on him at the end of The Autobiography 
of Mr, Langley of Prestwich, {Chftham Miscellanies ^ Chet. Soc, vol. ciii.) 

Manchester Church Library. 29 

" Went to y« library. Did little there." 

And on October 2, 

" After dinner I spent my time in veiwinge y® English bookes 
in y« library and in writeinge over the catalogue of y™." 

On October 9, he wrote : 

" I did write y« titles of y« bookes bound in parchm^ this day." ' 

On October 24 : 

" In y« afternoone I was sent for to y« library but did noth : 
and so was taken off by company." 

Nothing further is to be found in the Diary relating particu- 
larly to the English Library, and though Newcome frequently 
records visits to "the library," the expression refers as well to the 
College as to the Church library. It was not until January 26, 
1665, that the formal discharge was signed and handed over to 
the Executors. The following is a copy i^ 

"To ALL Christian People whom theis presents may come unto 
Wee whose names are subscribed beinge the Ministers Constables 
Churchwardens and others the inhabitants of and in Manchester in the 
Countie of Lancaster and beinge within or belongeinge to the Parish 
Church of Manchester aforesaid send Greetinge Whereas Humphrey 
Chetham late of Clayton in the aforesaid Countie of Lancaster Esquire 
Did in and by his last will and testament in writeinge beareinge date the 
sixteenth day of December which was in the yeare of our Lord God one 
thousand five hundred fMie and one (Amongst other matters and thinges 
therein contained and comprysed) Give and bequeath the sum*e of Twoe 
hundred pounds to bee bestowed by his Executors in his said will nomi- 
nated in Godly English Bookes such as Calvins Prestons and Perkins 
works Comments or Annotations upon the Bible or some parts thereof 
or such other Bookes as Richard Johnson John Tyldsley and Richard 
Hollinworth Clerkes in the said will named or anie of them should thinke 
most proper for the Edificac'on of the common people by the Discrec*on 

' Ncwcomc had perhaps undertaken to catalogue both the Prestwich and the Chetham 
libraries, and these books in parchment may have been some of those sent by Prestwich. 
None of the Chetliam books were, so far as I know, bound in (Kirchment. 

' Taken from the original now among the archives of the Hospital. 

30 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

of his said Executors Chayned upon Deskes or to bee ffixed to the 
Pillars or other convenient places in the Parish Churches of Manchester 
and Boulton in the Moores in the said countie of Lancaster And in the 
chappells of Turton Walmisley and Gorton in the aforesaid Countie of 
I^ncaster within a certaine tyme in the said will menc'oned after his 
decease And the said Humfrey Chetham constituted ordained and 
made his Nephews George Chetham Esquire and Edward Chetham 
Gentleman Executors of his last will and Testament And some yeaies 
afterwards departed this life And Whereas since the death of the said 
Humfrey Chetham Itt was thought fitt ordered agreed and assented unto 
by the aforesaid Executors and by the greater number of the ffeoffees of 
the said Humfrey Chetham Nominated in his said last will for and con- 
cerneinge the pious and charitable uses Given left and bequeathed by 
the said Humfrey Chetham in and by his said last will and testament 
That the sum of Scaventie Pounds is allotted and designed to and for 
the Parish Church of Manchester aforesaid for and as their parte share 
and proporc'on of the said sum e of Twoe hundred pounds for the by- 
inge of Bookes for the parish church of Manchester aforesaid Now know 
VEE That wee the aforesaid ministers* churchwardens constables and 
other inhabitants of and in Manchester aforesaid whose names are sub- 
scribed as aforesaid doe consent and agree unto the premisses And doe 
further by theis presents Acknowledge and Confesse that wee have 
received and had att or before the sealeinge and deliverie of theis 
presents of and from the said George Chetham and Edward Chetham 
Executors aforesaid to and for the use aforesaid and to bee fixt in some 
convenient place or places of the said Parish Church Accordinge to the 
same will All and everie the Bookes (The which with the prices thereof 
and the charges of the fixeinge thereof as aforesaid are contained in a 
Schedule unto these presents annexed And doe amount unto the sume of 
Seaventy five pounds fourc shillings and five pence As will appeare by 
a survey and perusall of the same Schedule And wee doe approve Allow 
and Accept thereof in lieu and full and absolute satisfacc*on and dis- 
charge of and for the parte and share of the said sum'e of twoe hundred 
pounds belongeinge to the parish Church of Manchester aforesaid And 
wee declare that the said bookes are such as wee desire And the which 
were Ellected and Chosen or approved and allowed of by the said 
Richard Johnson John Tyldsley and Richard Hollinworlh or some of 

Manchester Church Library, 31 

them Accordinge to the said last will In Testimony whereof wee have 
hereunto selt our hands and seales the Twentie sixth day of Jan'y In 
the yeare of our Lord God Accordinge to the computation of the 
Church of England One thousand six hundred sixtie and fhve. 

Richard Heyricke Francis Worthington 

Ja : Jackson R. Bradshaw 

Ministers Samuell Harmar 

Samuel Dickanson Jon. Broxup 

John Holbroocke Inhabitants."' 

Joseph Werden 
Edw: Byrom 

• Heyricke was of course the Warden. None of the fellows signed the discharge, 
but between the signatures of Heyricke and Jackson is a vacant space, no doubt 
intended for their signatures. 

'* James Jackson was Chaplain of the Collegiate Church. He was ordained on 
July 5, 1655, at Chorlton Chapel, by the Manchester Classis, and although he held 
sectarian views, he afterwards renounced them, and conformed to the English Church. 
He was elected Chaplain of the College about the year i66 {sic). On March 12, 1665, 
the Bishop of Chester declared the place of Mr. James Jackson, one of the Chaplains, 
void on the ground that the declaration was made in the Consistory Court of Chester, 
and not in the Chapter House of Manchester, and they sent two members of their 
body to the Bishop to explain and defend their privilege ; they met with a courteous 
reception, and recorded that Mr. James Jackson*s place appearing to be void, the 
Chapter proceeded to elect his successor. The cause of Mr. Jackson's deprivation is 
not stated in the register, but it had at least some reference to Nonconformity. He 
continued the minister at one of the poor chapels in the parish. On Oct 5, 1668, Mr. 
James Jackson, B. A., preached a sermon in the Parish Church of Prestwich, of which 
I have an MS, outline." (Raines's Lane, MSS, 43, p. 73,) 

Mr. Jackson was ordained to Chorlton Chapel in 1655, and Mr. 'BooVcr ( History cf 
Didsbury and Chorlton Chapels, Chet. Soc., vol. xlii. p. 60), inclines to the belief that he 
was also minister at Didsbury from 1661. There was little or no endowment to either 
place, and Mr. Booker (ibid, pp. 304-6) gives some account of Jackson's troubles 
about his salary at Chorlton in 1657-8. Canon Raines does not give the year in 
which he was elected Chaplain, but Henry Newcomc in his Diary frequently mentions 
a Mr. Jackson as preaching on both Sundays and week-days at the Collegiate Churchy 
from September, 1662, and it may have been about that time that he was elected. 
There was a Rev. Mr. Jackson who preached in 1673 at Didsbury. 

Samuel Dickanson is incorrectly called James Diconson in Mr. Harland's list of 
Boroughreeves and Constables (Chet. Soc, voL Ixiii. p. 173). He was churchwarden in 

32 Old Libraries of Lancashire, 

The Schedule menc'oncd in the deed whereunto this is An- 
nexed :' 

167 1, and boroughreeve in 1679. He was one of the new trustees of the Jesus Chapel 
and Library, apix>inted in 168 1. 

John Holbroockc was Boroughreeve in 1672. "John Holbrooke" is the first name 
appended to the second letter inviting Xcwcome to Manchester in 1656, and Newcume 
records the burial on July 7, 1683, of " Mr. John Holbrooke (apothecary)." 

Joseph Werden was one of the persons who witnessed the deposit of the Bolton 
Church Library in Bolton Church in 1668, and is mentioned as dying between October 
14, 1677, and April 11, 1678 (Chet. Soc., vol. Ixiii. p. 193). Joseph Werden, 
** gentleman," rentetl the College from the ]>arliamentary sequestrators before it was 
purchased by Humphrey Chetham for the Hospital and Library. [^Lib. Association 
Transactions^ Manchester Meeting, p. 14.) 

For Edward Byrom see p. 36 of Appendix to Remains of John Byrom (Chet. Soc, 
vol. xliv. ), but Canon Kaines has not there noticed that he was churchwarden of the 
Parish Church. He is put as Edward Byron in Mr. Harland's list of Iwroughreeves 
and constables. Roger Barlow, the other churchwarden, did not sign the discharge. 

Francis Worthington was a brother of Dr. John Worthington, Master of Jesus 
College. He was a draper in Manchester. {Worthint^ofCs Diary ^ vol. L p. 23.) His 
name occurs among those who took the Protestation in Manchester in 1 641 -2. (See 
Palatine Note Book, vol. i. p. 123.) 

Richard I^radshaw (No. 942) and Robert Bradshawe (No. 1,201) are among the 
Manchester protestors. 

Samuel Harmar took the Protestation in 1641-2. (See Palatine Note Book, vol. i 
p. 108.) He was also a feoffee of the Hospital and Library, and one of the new 
trustees of the Jesus Chapel and Library, apjwinted in 1681. 

John Broxup gave a copy of Speed's Chronicle to the Library, and Newcome 
{Diary, p. 64) says, "John Broxup of y* toune hurt by a fall off his horse" on the 
occasion of the funeral of "Mistress Mosley of House End." The John Broxsaxn, 
No. 275 in the list of the Protestors of Manchester, may be the same person. 

' Lists of all the books that were placed in the five libraries are written on the first 
few leaves of the first Minute- Book of the Chetham feoffees. But in the case of 
Manchester and Gorton I have availed myself of the schedules attached to the dis- 
charges, noticing any differences there may be in the two lists. The books are 
arranged in folios and quartos. The word "ffol." is inserted before the first book in 
the feoffees' list. All the books in this and the other catalogues of the Chetham 
Libraries marked * are fully describe<l in Mr. French's volume, in which he gives the 
full title-page of every book then in existence at Turton, and of such of those at 
Gorton as were not duplicates of those at Turton, with a full description and copions 
extracts generally from the dedications or prefaces, and in many cases biographical 
notices of the authors, and criticisms on the books themselves ; these were generally 
supplied by the late Mr. Crosslcy. Ninety-four works arc so described, and their 

... OI 



... oo 



... 02 



... 01 



... CX) 



... CX) 



... CX) 



... 00 



... CX) 



... CX) 



Manchester Church Library. 33 

Adams Sermons and Commentary on Peeter 
in 2 vol: att 

Andrews cattachisticall doctor 
•Annotations Engl: on the Bible 2 vol: 

Attersol on Numbers and Philemon 2 vol: 

Augustin of the Cyty of God ^ 

Bp. Babbingtons Workes 

Bane [Paul Bayne] on the Ephesians 
•Beards Theat"^ of Gods Judgements ... 
*Barlow [John Bp. of Chester] on Timothy 

Byfeild [Nicholas] on Col: & Peter i vol: 2 

description fills an entire volume of the publications of the Chetham Society. Con- 
siderations of space alone would be sufficient to prevent me from following Mr. 
French's example ; but, apart from this, I cannot see that any useful end would be 
gained by elaborate descriptions of books which have very little interest now, either 
literary, theological, or bibliographical. Moreover, nearly all of them will be found 
fully described under the authors* names in Lowndes, in Darling's Cyclopadia BMuh 
grapkica^ and many other equally common books, from which, and from the biographical 
dictionaries, nothing would be easier than to compile two or three volumes of descrip- 
tions. I have, therefore, only inserted notes upon such as are specially interesting for 
their rarity or for other causes, or where, as is firequently the case, the indication in 
the catalogue, whether from error or from conciseness, renders the book or the author 
difficult to identify. 

The "godly English books " are almost entirely composed of the dreariest and dis- 
mallest Puritan theology. For Manchester not a single non-theological book was 
purchased. Few great theological names of the past are included, and it is pro- 
bable that the liberality of the sentiments, and perhaps the magnificent roll of eloquence, 
of our two greatest ecclesiastical writers, Taylor and Hooker, excluded their works 
firom the list of books of which Perkins and Preston were to be the models. The only 
books that it surprises us to see among the number are Bishop Andrews* PatUm of 
Catachisikall Doctrine^ Bishop Montagu's Acts of the Chunky and Bishop Sanderson's 


' St, Augustine of the Citie of God: with the Comments of Ludavicus Vives, Englished 
by J, H\ia\trf[. London. 1610, i6aa fo. 

' Nicolas Byfield was a Puritan divine, bom in Warwickshire in 1579. He became 
a servitor of Exeter College, Oxford, and remained there four years, and without taking 
a degree was admitted into holy orders, and was soon after invited to be Pastor of St 
Peter's Church, Chester This offer he accepted, and remained there some years. In 
1615 he was made Vicar of Isleworth (Anthony k Wood, Athena Oxon), Mr. Helsby, 
in the new edition of Ormerod's Cheshire^ does not mention Byfield in his list of the 
Rectors oC St Peter's, Chester, and though he has added to the list as given by 
Ormerod, it does not seem to be complete. 


34 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

*Calvins Institut: & on Job & Esa: 3 vol: ... 01 02 06 

Claries Martyralogie' at 00 15 cx> 

Bp. Coopers Workes^ 00 18 00 

^A Generall Martyrologie, containing a Collection of all the Greatest PersecuHonswkkh 
have Befallen the Church of Christ from the Creation to our Present Times, Whereunto 
are added the Lives of Sundry Modem Divines, , , , By Sa, Clarke Pastor of Bestnei 
Fink^ London^ first appeared in 1 65 1 in folio, and was reprinted in the following year 
with the addition of the Lives of 32 En^ish Divines, In the list of Clarke's works in 
Lowndes, besides other inaccuracies, the book is so confused with another book of 
Clarke's as to make the note quite unintelligible. Watt, in his list of Clarke's wor1cs» 
after the two editions above mentioned, gives editions of the Martyrology of 1660^ 
1667, and 1677. The edition of 1677 (of which there is a copy in the Ma nc h e ster 
Free Library, as well as of the first edition) has on the title page, ''Third edition cor- 
rected and enlarged," but this can only refer to the Lii-a of the 32 English Divines^ 
editions of the Martyrology^ but without these Lives, having been given in the interim. 
A lengthy notice of the author is given in the Palatine Note Book, voL iL pp. 5*^3» 
and amongst the authorities for the notice is the Memoir accompanying the reprint of 
Clarke's Saints Nosegay , pri\-ately printed in i$8i, from the original edition of 1642, 
** by G. T. Cflark], a descendant of Samuel Clarke." At the end of the Memoir b m 
list of Clarke's works, more exhaustive thxin is to be found elsewhere, bat clearly in- 
accurate in several points, and though G. T. C. says the list is *' compiled from the 
catalogues of the libraries of the British Museum, Dr. Williams, Sion College, and 
from the advertisements in some of the books," it would have been much more valuable 
if the specific authority had been given for each book, llie only edition of the Mar^ 
tyrology in the British Museum is that of 165 1. 

■'* There is no collected edition of the "works" of Bishop Cooper, nor docs there 
appear to be any book of his printed in folio (except his Dictionary). It is probable 
that by Bishop Cooper's works are meant, A brief exposition of such chapters of the cide 
Testament as usually are redde in the church at common praier on the Sondays tkrorngk'- 
out the year, London, 1573, 4to, and Certain sermons wherein is contained the defense 
of the gospel nowe preached against cavils and false accusations, London, 1580^ 4to. As 
to the former of these books, Strype, in his Life of Parker, says, "There was an endea- 
vour that this book should be had in every parish church ; and for the forwarding thii^ 
the archbishop (Parker) gave his own testimonial to the treasurer in June this year 
(1574) concerning the book." Although Bishop Cooper was a staunch Protestant and 
a strong opponent of the Church of Rome, which probably accounts for the presence of 
his works here, he drew upon himself some bitter attacks by his Admonitiom to ike 
people of P^n^land, wherein are anrwered the slanderous untruths reproachfully 
by Martin the libeller, London, 15S9, 4to, in confutation of Martin Marprelate. 
attacks were the well-known tracts Hay any work for the Cooper, and Hay amy 
work for the Cooper, the latter of which is specially interesting to the membeis of the 
Chetham Society, as l^ng the first book printed in Manchester, where, in 15S9, tiie 
^farprelatc press was set up in Newton Lane, though whether any book actually ia 










Manchester Church Library. 35 

Deodatts Annotacons < 001500 

Downehams Christia Warfare Guyde to god- 
liness & of Justificacon^ 

Elton on Rom: and CoUos* 2 vol: 

Eusebius Ecclesiasticall History 3 

from this press is doubtful, for while the tract was in course of printing, the press, the 
printers, and the tract, were discovered and seized. (See Thi examination of divers 
persons ftbotU the printing press of Martin Marprelaie^ Strype*6 Annals^ 1824, voL iii. 
pt iL p. 602.) "One of their chief objects of attack," says D*Israeli (Calamities and 
Quarrels of Authors, 1859, p. 513), "was Cooper, Bishop of Lincoln, a laborious stu- 
dent, but married to a dissolute woman, whom the University of Oxford offered to 
separate from him ; but he said he knew his infirmity, and could not live without his 
wife, and was tender on the point of divorce. He had a greater misfortune than even 
this loose woman about him — his natne could be punned on ; and this bishop may be 
placed among that unlucky class of authors who have fallen victims to their names, 
Shenstone meant more than he expressed when he thanked God that be could not be 
punned on. Mar-Prelate, besides many cruel hits at Bishop Cooper's wife, was now 
always 'making the Coopers hoops toflyeoff, and the bishops tubs to leake out* In The 
Protestatyon of Martin Marprelat, where he tells of two bishops 'who so contended 
in throwing down elmes as if the wager had bene whether of them should most have 
impoverished their bishopricks. Yet I blame not Mar-Elme so much as Cooper for 
this fact, because it is no less given him by his name to spoil elmes than it is allowed 
him by the secret judgment of God to mar the Church. A man of Cooper^s age and 
occupation, so wel seene in that trade, might easily knowe that tubs made of green 
timber must needs leak out ; and yet I do not so greatly marvel ; for he that makes 
no conscience to be a deceiver in the building of the churche will not stick for his game 
to be a deceitfull workman in making of tubbs* (p. 19). The author of the books against 
Bishop Cooper is said to have been Job Throckmorton, a learned man affecting raillery 
and humour to court the mob.*' (J. Penry, not Job Throckmorton, seems to have 
been the author of these books.] 

' The pious and learned annotations upon the Holy Bible plainly expounding the most 
difficult places thereof of John Diodati, the well-known Italian Protestant theologian. 
Several editions of this translation were given in the seventeenth century ; the third 
edition, printed in 165 1, would probably be the one purchased. 

• The Christian Warfare and Guide to godliness were written by John Downame, 
and the Treatise of Justification by his brother, George Downame. George Downame 
is the subject of a series of articles in The Palatine Note Book, vol. L, where also John 
Downame is inddentxdly noticed. 

' The fifth edition of the English translation, by Meredith Hanmer, of Eusebius, 
Socrates, and Evagrius, appeared in 1650, and to this edition was added the life of the 
Emperor Constantine, by Eusebius, translated by Wye Saltonstall. The fint edition 
was printed by Vautrollier in 1577. 

36 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

Featley's Clavis Mistical 

Fenners Workes 

•Greenehams Workes 

Gattakers Sermons 

*Gouge*s Workes 

Halls [Bp. Joseph] paraphrase on the bible ... 
•Harris his Workes 

Hierons [Samuel] Workes 

*Hildersam on Psal: 51 and John 4* 

Jenkins on Jude ... 

*Jermyn on the Proverbs & Eccl: 

•Jewells Apol: ... ... 

Josephus hystory 

Kendalls Workes 
•Knocks [Knox] history of Scotland ... 

Lights [Edward Leigh's] body of divinitie ... 
*Luthers discourses 


* If the "godly English works" of Daniel Featly or Fairclough can no longer be read 
with profit, they will — what cannot be said of some of their companions — afford abund- 
ance of amusement, being filled with puns, quips, and quaint conceits of all kinds. 
Though a high Calvinist, he was strongly attached to the Episcopal form of Church 
government, and was imprisoned and his estates sequestrated by the Parliament in 
1643. His most celebrated work was The dippers dipt or the Anabaptists ducked and 
plunged over head and ears at a disputation in Soutkwark, 1642, 4to. Milton, whose 
tractate on Divorce is referred to in it, describes it as an equivocating treatise, and 
speaks of the author ** diving the while with a more deep prelatical malignance against 
the present stale and church government." The Clavis Mystica is a collection of ser- 
mons. Two others of his books were purchased for Bolton. 

' Philip de Momay, Seigneur du Plessis Marly, justly described by Voltaire as 
'* the greatest and most virtuous man of the Protestant party." 

Son exemple instruisait bien mieux que ses discours, 
Les solides vertus furent ses seules amours, 
Avide des travaux, insensible aux delices 
II marchait d' un pas ferme au bord des pr^pices 
Jamais 1' air de la cour et son souffle infect^ 
N* altera de son cceur T austere puriti^. — Henriade^ Chant ix. 
The book would be either The Mysterie of Iniquitie: that is to say^ The Historie of 
the Papacie, . . . Englished by Sampson Leonard, London, 16 12. Or, Fowre 
Bookes of the Institutions Use and Doctrine of the Holy Sacrament of the Eucharist in 





























































Manchester Church Library. 37 

*Moortons Catholick Appeale & on the mass 

in twoe vol: 00 

Mountagues Acts of y« Church I QO 

Newmans [Samuel] Concordance 01 

the old Church : as likewise how when and by what Degrees the Masse is brought in in 
place thereof. Translated by R, S, London, i6oo. Both these volumes were in the 
Turton and Wahnsley libraries (see description of the Mysterie of Iniquitie in Mr. 
French's volume, p. 40), and cost los., and as 5s. is the price marked here it is pro- 
bable that only one of them was purchased for Manchester. A copy of the Mysterie 
of IniquUie was purchased for Bolton (now in the Grammar School library there). 
Many other works of De Momay were translated into English, but I have noticed 
only these two as in folio. De Momay*s book on the Eucharist made a prodigious 
sensation. '*Opus praestantissimum," says Scaliger, and he says elsewhere, "and 
better than any of the books of the professed theologians except those of Calvin and 
Beza.'* (Pattison, Life of Casaubon^ p. 153.) The alleged fidse quotations of the 
book formed the subject matter of the celebrated conference at Fontainbleau in 1600, 
so often misrepresented, but of which so interesting and accurate an account will be 
found in Mr. Pattison's book. It is strange that no copy of the English translation of 
either the Mysterie of Iniquitie or The Fowre books of the Institution Use and Doctrine 
of the Holy Sacrament of the Eucharist appears in the catalogue of books in the British 
Museum, printed in England, Scotland, and Ireland to the year 1640. Yet neither 
work is of any special rarity. 

' We are surprised to find the works of Richard Montagu, Bishop of Chichester, a 
strong Arminian, and the leader of the Romanizing party in the Church of England 
under Charles I., included in a collection of books, of which Calvin, Perkins, and 
Preston were to be models, but in fact this book. The Acts and Monuments of the 
Church before Christ Incarnate, London, 1624, fo., relates wholly to the Jews and 
their religion, and is entirely innocent of matters of doctrine. Montagu's writings 
were favourites of the late Mr. James Crossley (lVorthington*s Diary, vol. ii. p. 30), 
but there are not many who will agree with the encomium which the learned President 
of the Chetham Society there pronounces upon him. Mr. Pattison, in his Life of 
Ccuaubon, p. 422, says, " Montagu was a clever and spirited writer, and was ready to 
answer anybody on any subject. He undertook to 'answer* Selden's History of Tithes, 
He wrote so well that the High Church party, and Anthony Wood, thought he had 
demolished Selden, to whom he stood in the relation in which Boyle did to Bentley.'* 
His Anatecta Ecclesiasticarum Exercitaticnum, consisting of animadversions on the 
Annates Ecclesiastid of Baronius, though not published until 1622, was no doubt the 
book which he had prepared in 16 1 2, intending to forestall the great Casaubon, who 
was engaged at the time in writing a book on the same subject. Montagu profiting 
rather by Casaubon*s talk, than from any furtive copy, adapted the plan and many of 
the particulars of the great scholar's work, but the Archbishop of Canterbury (Abbot) 
Interfered and compelled Montagu to suppress his book, and it was not published until 
1622, when Abbot was in disgrace and powerless, and Casaubon had long been dead. 

3 8 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

Parr [Elnathan] on the Romans oo 06 00 

•Remolds Works 01 00 QO 

Roberts on the Coven^ I 00 18 00 

Rogers 7 treatisses on Judges and his Naaman : 

3vol:2 ... ... ... 00 19 cx) 

Sandersons [Bp. Robert] Sermons 00 15 00 

Sibbs on the 2^ Cor : 00 06 00 

Smith [John, Vicar of Clavering, Essex] on 

theCreed^ 00 10 00 

Stock on Mallachy"* 00 06 00 

' This will be the book of Francis Roberts, Mysteria et Medulla Bibliorum, Or 
the mysteries and niarrcnv of the Bible: vi%, God^s covenants with man in the first 
Adam before the fall, unfolded and illustrated in positive aphorisms and their explana- 
tions, London, 1657, fo. It is seldom met with. 

' The three books, here thrown together as by the same author, really comprise 
works of two writers of the same surname. The Seaveti Treatises and the Commentary 
upon the whole book of Judges, London, 1 615, fo., are by Richard Rogers, Minister 
of Wethersfield in Essex, *'a zealous, faithful, and profitable labourer in the vineyard 
of the Lord." (Brook's Lives of the Puritans, vol. ii. p. 231.) The Seaz/en Treatises 
became very popular, and went through at least five editions — the first in 1603, the 
fifth in 1630. Copies of two editions are now at Gorton. An epitome of it was also 
printed in 1618, of which a fourth edition appeared in 1629. The Commentary 
on Judges, and the Seven Treatises, are both rare. Naaman the Syrian his disease and 
cure ; discovering lively to the rectder the spiritual leprosie ofsinne and selfe love : together 
with the remedies, viz, : selfe denial and faith (London, 1642, fol.), was the work of 
Daniel Rogers, a son of Richard Rogers, whom he succeeded, though not immediately, 
as minister of Wethersfield. 

3 Here, in the the margin of the feoffees* list, contained in the Chetham Minute 
Book, is written, in the handwriting of the Rev. Edmimd Lees, the second Chetham 
sub-librarian under Richard Johnson, ''Speed's Chronicle given (I think) by John 
Broxupp.'* John Broxupp was one of the inhabitants of the town who signed the 
discharge for the books. (See pp. 31-2.) 

^ *^A learned and very useful commentary upon the whole prophecy of Malachy, 
Whereunto is added. An exercitation upon the same prophecy of Malachy by Samuel 
TorshelL^'^ London, 1641, fo. Richard Stock was curate, and afterwards rector, of 
All Hallows, Bread Street, London. Samuel Torshcll was curate of Bunbuiy, in 
Cheshire, for a number of years, and was preceptor to the children of Charles I. His 
published works, ten in number, are enumerated in the memoir of him by Dr. Grosart, 
in his edition of Stock on Malachi, published in Nichols' series of Puritan Com- 
mentaries, Edinburgh, 1865. 




























Manchester Church Library. 39 

♦D"". Thomas Taylors Workes and on Christs 

temtat: 2 vol 

*Trapp on the New Testam^ 

•Ushers Annalls and body of Divinity in 2 vol : 

Whaitle/s Prototypes^ ... 

Williams [Griffith, Bp. of Ossory] on the true 
v^nurcn ■■• ..• •■• ••• ••• 

Wilson [Thomas] on the Romans 

Abbetts Defence of Perkins in 3 vol : ^ 

Abbetts paraphrase on Job & on the Psalms 

111 ^ V vyl • ••• ••• ••* .*• .*• 

Abemethy phisick for the Soule^ 

' Prototypes : or the primarie precedent president Sy out of the hook of Genesis, showing 
the good and bad things they did and had: practically applied to our information and 
reformation [by William Whateley]. Together with Mr, iVhateleVs Life and Death, 
Published by E. Leigh and H. Sadler. London, 1640, fol. 

■ This is the first of the quarto books, and the word " Quartos " is written between 
it and the preceding work in the Chetham feoflfees* list (some of the volumes which 
follow, however, are 8vos. and infra). The book is the Defence of the Reformed Catho- 
licke of W, Perkins against the Bastard Counter-Catholieke of Dr, William Bishop^ 
Seminary Priest, London, two parts, 1606-7, 4to., and three parts, 161 1. The author, 
Robert Abbot, Bishop of Salisbury, was the elder brother of Archbishop Abbot. 
Though this Defence of Perkins is included, the works of Perkins himself do not 
appear among the Manchester books, though he is one of the three authors specifically 
named in the bequest of Humphrey Chetham. 

' The author of these two works was Geoi^e Abbot, not, as frequently stated, a 
nephew of Archbishop Abbot, nor the son of Sir Maurice Abbot, but of a different 
family to cither, being a son or grandson of Sir Thomas Abbot of Easington. "As a 
la3rman and nevertheless a theologian and scholar of original capacity and remarkable 
attainments, he holds a unique place in the literature of the period." (Dr. Grosart in 
the Dictionary of National Biography, ) 

* The author of this book, A Christian and heavenly treatise containing pkysicke for 
ye soul ; very necessary for all that toould enjoy soundness of mind and peace of con- 
science, was John Abemethy, Bishop of Caithness. Whether he was an ancestor of 
his more celebrated namesake who administered '*physicke to the body" we do not 
know, but not only the title of the book, but the heading of divers chapters show a 
fondness for surgical and medical terms. Amongst them are ** A cauterized con- 
science," '*The (ailing sickness or epilepsy of apostasy," "The gangrene of heresy," 
and "The leprosy of ingratitude." 






















40 Old L ibraries of Lancashire. 

♦Ambrose [Isaac of Garstang] his prima : med : 

&c. and his Lookinge to Jesus 2 vol : ... 00 14 06 

*Bane [Paul Bayne] on Col : 00 04 00 

Ball of Faith, the Sacram^: against Cann, 
tryall of Sepac'on, pulpet patronage in 

5 vol: all at^ ... 00 11 08 

♦Baxters St' rest and Infant Babtis: 2 vol : 00 10 06 
Bayly [Robert, Principal of the University 

of Glasgow] Disuasive 

Bernard on the Saboath^ 

Byfeild on the Creed ... 

Blake on the Coven^ and Coven^ seald in 2 vol : 
♦Boultons [Robert of Blackburn] Workes 2 vol : 

Borroughs [Jeremiah] on Hosea 3 vol : 
♦Burroughs Irenicum 

' Of these five volumes, all of them now scarce, three are bj John Ball, coiate of 
Whitmore, Staffordshire. A Treatise of Faith, first published in 1632, An answer to 
two treatises of Mr, John Can, the first entitled A Necessity of Separation from the 
Church of England, the other A Stay against Straying, 1642, and Friendly Trial ef 
the Grounds tending to Separation, 1640. (A copy of this last book is among the 
books bequeathed by H. Oldfield, to Trinity Chapel, Salford, now in the Salfisrd 
Free Reference Library, and a copy of the Treatise of Faith, which was among the 
Ik)lton books, is still in the Grammar School Library there). John Canne was a 
Brownist, or Independent, who fied to Holland at the Restoration. He is best known 
by the Bible with parallel references, first published in 1662, and frequently reprinted. 
By "pulpet patronage" is intended Pastorum Propugnaculum, or the Pulpits PcUronage 
against unordained Usurpation, 1656 ; a work of Thomas Ball, who also wrote a life 
of John Preston his tutor, several of whose works he edited. The volume intended 
by " the Sacrament '' I am unable to identify. No writer named Ball, so fitf as I 
know, wrote on the Sacrament, or indeed any book that cotdd be so described. Dr. 
John Preston wrote Three Sermons upon the Sacrament of the Lords Supper, and a 
Treatise upon the Sacrament, and they may have been among the works of Prestmi 
that Thomas Ball edited, and to which the entry " the Sacrament " may refer. It 
may be, however, that T. Randall's Treatise concerning the Sacraments (1630, 4to), is 
intended. Other works of his arc included both in the Manchester and Bolton 
lists, and an abbreviation of " Randall," similar to that of some other names in the 
list, might easily })e mistaken by the copyist for '* Ball." 

■ The Threefold Treatise of the Sabbath, by Richard Bernard. This book, with 
Crook's Guide to Godliness, bought for Gorton, also for i' 2^, are the two books of the 
lowest price in the five libraries. 

Manchester Church Library. 


♦Bridges Workes 
♦Brightman on the Revel : 

Brindsleys true Watch... 

Bucans Com*on places^ 

Buntings travells* 

Burtons Devine tracts ... 

Calvins Harmoney 

Cartwrights Cattachis^... 

Caryll on Job in 10 vol :^ 




























' This book is probably one of the editions of the translation of the InsHiutiones 
Thiologua: seu locorum Communium Christiana Religionis Analysis of Gulielmus 
Bucanus, a German theologian. The translation was first published in 1606, under 
the following title, Itistitutions of Christian religion framed out of Gods word .... 
handled by way of questicpts and answers, Written in Laiine by W, Bucan and 
^blished in English by R, Hill, It was reprinted in 1659, with a slightly different 
title, and with the addition of The practice of papists against protestant princes. No 
bibliographical work that I know, mentions the book. Copies of two editions of the 
original, given In 1609 and 1630, and of the two editions of the translation, are in the 
British Museum. A copy of an edition of the original appears in the Bibliotheca 
Heinsiana, 1682, p. 89, as printed in 1604. The book above mentioned may, how- 
ever, be a copy of Th£ Commonplaces of the Holy Scripture^ by Thomas Becon, 
London, J. Day [1563], fo. It was printed by Day in the third part of Becon's works, 
and like most of his writings may have been issued separately, though I have been 
unable to find any notice of a separate edition of the Commonplaces. It is included 
in Becon's Prayers and other pieces, edited for the Parker Society, 1844, 8vo, where it 
occupies 64 pp. 

* Itinerarium totius Sacra Scriptura ; or the travels of the holy patriarchs, prophets, 
judges, kings, our Saviour Christ, and his apostles, as they are related in the Old and 
New Testaments, with a description of the tcrwns and places to which they travelled. 
Collected out of the works of Henry Bunting, and done into English by R, B, 
London, 1619 and 1636, 4to. 

' I can find no mention of any Catechism, or work with a similar title, by any writer 
of the name of Cartwright. It seems clear that for Cartwright we should read 
Cawdrey, and that the book intended is one of the numerous editions of the popular 
treatise of Stephen Elgerton, A Briefe Method of Catechising, the 29th edition of which 
(as appears from the title page) was printed in 1620. An augmented edition (a copy 
of which is in the British Museum) was given in 1604 by Robert Cawdrey, who has 
prefixed to It "A short and fruitful treatise of the profit and neccssitie of Catechising.** 

* Exposition with practiced observations on the book of Job, by Joseph Caryl. London, 
1648-1666, 4to. The work was completed in twelve volumes, but the last two were 
































42 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

Cawdry and Palmer on the Saboath in 2 vol :> 

Ceilings [Dr. J. CoUinge] Cordiall 

Cottons [Dr. J. of New England, his Works] 

^ V V/Jl • ••• ••• ••• •■• ••• 

*Dods Works in 2 vol : ... 

Downeham on Hosea, on Psal 1 5^, his Di\'inity, 
on the Covenant of Grace and of Prayer 

lU ^ V wl . .•• .•* a.. a*. ••• 

Dykes Works in 2 vol : 

Edwards [Thomas] against Independ^ 

Elton on Comandm^ 

Featley a Roman Father^ 

Gattaker Gods e>'e on Izraell 

not issued until after the fonnatiofo of this library. Disndi ( Cal a mities amd Qaurrds 
of Authors^ p. 392), st>'les the book " an indigestible surfeit,** and says : 

"The reader has doubtless heard of Caryll's endless * Commmtary on Job,* 
sisting of 2,400 folio pages ! in small t}'pe. Of that monument of human 
which, commenting on Job*s patience, inspired what few works do to 
them, the exercise of the virtue it inculcated, the publisher, in his 
Clavers Catalogue of Books, 1681, announces the two folios in 600 sheets each 1 
were a republication of the first edition in twelve volumes, quarto ! he apologises 'that it 
hath been so long a doings to the great vexation and loss of the proposer.* He adds» 
'indeed some few lines, no more than what may be contained in a qmoHopage^ are 
expunged, thty not relating to the Exposition, which, nevertheless some, by maliriaot 
prejudice have so unjustly aggravated, as if the whole work had been disorderaL* 
He apologises for curtailing a few lines from 2,400 folio pages ! and he conadered 
that these few lines were the only ones that did not relate to the Exposition ! ** 

Toland, in his Life of Milton, edit of 1 76 1, p. 48, speaking of Caxyl, says» "in 
his voluminous and senseless commentaries be did more injury to the memoiy of Job 
than the Devil and the Sabeans could inflict torments on him in his lifetime." 

' Sabbatum Redizfivum ; or the Christian Sabhaih vindicated by Dasnd Cawdrey amd 
Herbert Palmer. The first part, London, 1645. The second part, 1652, 4to. 

' I>aniel Featley wrote no book with this title — suggestive rather df an eig hte enth 
century tragedy, than a "godly English book." It is clear that the book intended is 
The Romish Fisher caught and held in his own nit, or a true relcUion of the 
conference [of D. Featley and F. White with J. Fisher, i,e,, Piercey and J. Sweet] 
Popish Difference (With An Appendix to the Fishers Net, Together with a descriptiam 
of the Romish Whale or Circle.) London, 1624, 4to. A copy was also bought for 
Bolton, and is still in the Grammar School Library there. In the Bolton Catalogue^ 
in the feoffees' Minute Book, it is described as The Romish Fight! 

Manchester Church Library. 43 

Thomas Goodwins Works' 00 06 06 

♦Greenhill on Ezekiell 4 voll : 00 14 00 

Guraall [William] Spirituall Armor 00 09 00 

*The Harmony of Confessions 00 03 06 

Hills Life Everlastinge^ OOO400 

Thomas Hookers Workes 2 vol : 00 14 00 

Hudson [Samuel] on the Church 00 02 08 

Jackson [Arthur] on the Pentat : to Job ... 00 10 00 

James Corruption of Script 3 00 02 06 

Jennison of Compunction^ 00 02 00 

' The collected works of Thomas Goodwin, a high Calvinist, were published in 
168 1, in five volumes, folio, and I know no other edition. The book here referred to 
is probably Certaine select cases resolved . . . Wiih other divine tractata^ London, 1647, 
4to, a copy of which was bought for Turton, at the same price as these " works.** 

* lAfe Everlasting ; or the true knowledge of one Jekovah^ three Elohim and Jesus 
Jmmanuel collected out of the best modeme divines and compiled into one volume. By 
Robert Hill, D.D., Minister of St Bartholomews, London, 4to., Cambridge, Legat, 
1601. The book is not mentioned in the list of Hill*s works given by Watt. Neither 
Lowndes nor Darling mention the author, who is the same person, with the translator 
of Bucan's Institutes. A copy of the book is in the British Museum. 

3 On the foundation, by Sir Thomas Bodley, of the library at Oxford, Dr. Thomas 
James was nominated to the office of curator, and the great services which he rendered 
to the formation of that noble institution should cause his name to be remembered 
with respect and veneration by all lovers of books and libraries. He would deserve a 
longer note here, were it not that a memoir of him is already contained in the Intro- 
duction to the Iter Lancastrense of his nephew Ridiard James, edited for the Chetham 
Society, by the Rev. T. Corscr (vol. vil pp. vi-xxviii.). He was the editor of the 
third (first English) edition of the Philobihhn of Richard de Bury— that delightful 
treatise on the love of books, of which an edition, for the first time worthy of the 
author and the subject, is promised by a most competent editor, Mr. E. C. Thomas. 

* Although Compunction has formed the subject of several treatises, among others 
by St Chrysostom, St. Ephrem Cyrus, and Hieronymus Baldung, I am not aware of 
any English book on the subject, nor of any translation of the works of any of 
these authors which had appeared before 1665. The only writer of the name of 
Jentscn, of or before this period, that I have been able to discover, whose writings 
oould possibly be admitted into the company of the "godly English books," was 
Robert Jenison, D.D., the lecturer at NewcastIe-upon-T]rne. I know of no aocurmte 
or complete list of his works, but I have compiled the following from the sooroet 
referred to. They are all scarce. 

The Hei^ of Israels Heathenish Idolatry in sacrificing their Childrm to thi DevU. 
London, 1621, 4ta {Watt. Bidlioth^ca Britannica.) 

44 Old Libraries of Lancashire, 

Kinge [John, Bishop of London] on Jonah ... oo 05 06 
Latimers Sermons 00 03 00 

The Christians apparelling by Christ, London, 1625, 8vo. {Brit, Mus,) 

The cities safety: or a fruitful treatise and usefull for these dangerous Hma on Psai. 
cxxvii, I. London, 1630, 8vo. {Brit, Afus.) 

Newcastles Call to her Neighbour and Sister Townes and Cities throughout the land 
by her Sins and Sorrowes. Lest this overflowing Scourge of Pestilence reach even unto them 
also. As also a direction how to discover such sins as are the procurers of Gods judg- 
ments by divers Methods . . . Whereunto is added the number of them that dyed weekly 
in Newcastle and Garth-side from Afay 6 to December 31, 1 636. London, 1637, i2mo. 
{Brit, Mus.) 

Solid Comfort for Sound Christians or a treatise of Gods absolute {and most certame) 
performance of his Conditional Promises in regard of the Elect, Being part of a large 
discourse on John xiii, 17. Printed in the year 1641, 4to. (ZV. Williams^ Uhrasy,') 

Thtfo treatises The first concerning Gods certaine performance of his Conditionat 
Promises as touching the Elect or A Treatise of Gods most free and powerful Grace 
Lately published without the authors prrvitie and printed covertlie by the name and HHe 
of Solid Comfort for sound Christians, The second concerning the extent of Christ s 
death and love and now added to the former 7vith an additional thereunto. Both of them 
preached at Newcastle upon Tyne first for the vindication of the truth of God and ef 
our own Churches doctrines. But fitted for the eye by occasion of some opposition they 
found, London. 1642, l2mo. {Dr IVilliams* Library.) 

The Return of the Sword a divine prognostick delivered in a sermon at Newcastle 
Manifesting that Breach of Covenant is a prognostick of the return of the Sword, 
London, 1648, 4to. {Brit, Mus.) 

Sermon on Jerem, xxxiv. 22, London, 1648, 4to. {Watt,) 

It is probable that one of these books is intended by the entry "Jennison of 
Compunction," and most likely either Newcastles Call^ or Solid Comfort for Sound 
Christians. The first mentioned book is a sermon on Numbers xvi. v. 46, and though 
the word Compunction does not appear in the book, yet it might not unfairly be de- 
scribed as on this subject The number of persons who died of the plague at New- 
castle, according to the list at the end, was 515. If this is the book intended, it may 
have been one selected by HoUinworth, in whose memory the pestilence which visited 
Manchester, in 1645, would still be fresh. {Life of Adam Martindale^ Chet Soc, 
vol. iv. pp. 53-4.) Compunction is, however, more likely to be a clerical error for 
Comfort, and if so, the book Solid Comfort for Sound Christians would be intended. 
It is composed of two sermons of a high Calvinistic character, preached as appears by 
the preface, at Newcastle, on September loth and 17th, 1629. They appear to have 
given great offence, and to have been made matter of complaint to the Bishop of 
Diu'ham (Dr. Howson), and the preacher was simmioned to produce the sermons before 
the Chancellor, but it would seem that no further proceedings were taken. Although 
the preface is dated 10 Nov., 1629, the book was not printed until eleven years 
afterwards, and then without the author's sanction, as appears from the title of The 

Manchester Church Library. 


.. oo 



.. 00 



. 00 



.. oo 



.. 00 



.. oo 



.. oo 



.. oo 



.. oo 



.. 00 



Laurence [Matthew] on ffaith... 
*Loves Workes 2 vol : 

Luther on the Galat : 

Man ton [Thomas] on James ... 

Manton on J ude 

Mason against Jesuits ' 

Momay Truenes of Ch*^ Relig \^ 

Morning Exercyse Methodiz'd^ 
♦Morton Grand Impost'e 

Moulen s Buckler of Faith^ ... 

two Treatises, printed in the following year, and of which the Solid Comfort is a part. 
The pre&ce to the second edition is dated, *' From Dantesick, May 22, 1641.'* 

Brook {Lives of thi Puritans, vol. iiL p. 526), has a short notice of Jenison under 
the name of " Dr. Jenningson, the pious lecturer at Newcastle-upon-Tjnfie." He says, 
"In the year 1639, by the instigation of Archbishop Laud, he was questioned in the 
high commission at York. The articles of his examination, together with the doctor's 
answers, were sent to Lambeth, for the Archbishops consideration. This was going the 
sure way to work. And the good man was so cruelly harassed in the various 
ecclesiastical courts, that he was obliged to quit the place, and the kingdom too ; 
when, to avoid the fury of his tyrannical persecutors, he fled to New England." 

■ Thi New Art of Lying covered tty Jesuites under the vaiii of Equivocation dis' 
covered and disproved. By Henry Mason, Rector of St. Andrew, Undershaft, 
London. London, 1624, 8vo. The author was a native of Wigan, and the donor of 
the Grammar School Library there. See post, Wigan School Library. 

* This is the translation of Philip de Momay's De la Veriti de la Religion Chres- 
timne by Sir Philip Sidney and Arthur Golding, of which four editions appeared 
between 1587 and 1617. 

s Of the several editions of this celebrated series of sermons, preached by some of 
the most eminent divines of the seventeenth century, and known as the " Morning 
Exercises," this is probably that printed in 1660, under the title of The Morning 
exercise Methodiud, or certain chief heads and points of the Christian Religion Opened 
and improved in divers sermons by severall ministers of the City of London in the 
Monthly Course of the morning exercise at Giles in the Fields, May, 1 656. The fifth 
edition of the whole series was given in six volumes, 4to. in 18144. 

* The author of the Buckler of faith, or a defence of the Confession of faith of th^ 
Reformed Churches of France agaimt M. Amaux, the Jesuit, IVritten in French, and 
now translated into English, 1620, 1 623, and 1 63 1, was Peter Du Moulin, a French 
Protestant divine. He spent some time at Cambridge, and was a favourite of James L 
He wrote between seventy and eighty different works, principally against the Church 
of Rome, several of which were translated into English, and were equally popular on 
each side of St. George's Channel, but none of them are of very great merit " Du 

46 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

*Napier on Revelat : oo 02 06 

Peirson [Thomas] on Select Psal* 00 02 00 

Prestons Works 4 vol :' 01 04 00 

Randalls [John] Lectures^ 00 06 00 

Readinges Guyde^ 00 03 00 

Reinolds [John] against Hart 00 05 00 

Robinsons [Ralph, of Heswall, Cheshire] Christ 

all in all 00 05 00 

Rogers [Daniel] Practicall Cattachis: and 

Sacram^ and matrimoniall honour 2 vol : 00 06 06 

Rogers [Thomas] on the 39 articles^ 00 02 00 

RoUock [Robert] on Thess : and Coll : ... 00 05 06 
Rutherford [Samuel] Surveigh of spirituall 

Antichrist, Christ dyinge and drawinge 

sinners, ag^ Liberty, and on the Coven^ 

of grace 4 vol: ... ... 00 13 00 

Moulin was a zealous religionist, who had given up a secure and honourable position 
at Leyden, for the ill-rewarded and battered life of minister in his native country. 
Fond of dispute, and vain of his powers, he spent his life in discussion and con- 
troversies, or in writing attacks and answers. A man who maintained so much, and 
so dogmatically, was naturally obliged to be content sometimes with weak, sometimes 
with false, arguments. Casaubon, who had to hear his learned displays before his 
wondering and obedient flock at Charenton, could not help at times throwing out 
hints of the insufficiency of his glib references to the fathers, or regrets at the levity 
with which Christian antiquity was set aside." (Pattison*s Life of Casaubcn, pp. 
247-8.) In Darling's Cyclopctdia Bibliographica he is said to have been Canon of 
Christ Church, Canterbury. This is a mistake. It was his son, also Pierre Dn 
Moulin, who afterwards held this benefice. 

' D' John Preston was one of the three authors whose works were particularly men- 
tioned by Humphrey Chetham in his will, as models to be followed in the books 

■ Nine and Twenty Lectures of the Church for the support of these timesy by John 
Randall, London, 1631, 4to. A copy was also bought for Bolton, and is now in the 
Grammar School there. No copy is in the British Museum. 

3 A Guide to the Holy City, by John Reading. Oxford, 165 1, 4to. No copy is in 
the British Museum. 

^ This is no doubt either the 1607 or the 1629 edition of TTie Faith, Doctrine, and 
Religion professed .... m ... . England .... expressed in 39 articles .... 
analysed and proved [by Thomas Rogers]. See as to the book and its editions, post, 
note on the 1585 edition in the Salford [Trinity Church] Library. 

Manchester Church Library. 47 

•Sclater on Thess : and Rom : 4 vol : ... 00 09 00 

Sedgwicks Works 3 vol :' 00 07 06 

Shepheard [Thomas] on the Sabaoth ... 00 02 00 

Sibbs [Richard] Works in 4 vol : 00 14 00 

Smiths Sermons^ 00 06 00 

Stock on the Attributes 00 02 06 

♦Stoughtons Works 2 vol : , 00 06 00 

Sutton [Thomas] on the Rom ; ... ... 00 02 09 

♦Taylor on Tytus, Parable of the Sower, on 

the Revelat and S^ progresse in 4 vol : 00 14 06 

♦Topsell on Joell 00 OS 00 

Wattson [Thomas] Works 2 vol : 00 09 06 

Wittleys Way^ 00 03 06 

Yates his Modell and Arraignment of hyppo- 

cresie in 2 vol .-^ 00 04 00 

Also the charge of carriedg, casks,5 chaines, 
fasting, Also for the presse to secure 
them in w^ Iron rods and locks &c. as 

' These would probably be three volnmes of sermons of Obadiah Sedgwick, a 
Calvinistic divine. Vicar of Coggeshall, Essex, 1639, and Preacher at St Pauls, 
Covent Garden, 1646, though they may possibly be the sermons of William Sedgwick, 
minister at Ely, ejected in 1662 : John Sedgwick, who also published sermons in 
4to. in the seventeenth century, inclined to Arminianism, and his works would cer* 
tainly not have been selected for the libraries. 

* Probably Henry Smith, the editions of whose sermons up to 1640 occupy eight 
pages of the new Catalogue of the English Books In the British Museum to the year 
164a An edition vras given in 1657, and another in i66a (The best edition is that 
edited by T. Fuller in 1675). ^^ ^<^ minister of St. Clement Danes, London, and 
was the most popular preacher of his day. 

5 The Way to thi Cdatial Paradise^ by Robert Whittell. London, 1620, 4I0. 

* A Afoddl of DiviniHi cateckistitaliy composed by John Yates, B.D., of Norwich. 
London, 1622. 4to. Neither Lowndes nor Darling mention the writer, and though 
he is mentioned by Watt, who gives a list of hb works, the Arraignment 0/ Hypocrisy 
is not among them. Nor have I been able to find any book with this title. A certain 
John BcUf (whose name might easily be copied YcUe) wrote The portraHurt of 
Hypocrisie livdy and pcUketic pictured in her colours^ iS^^i which is probably the 
book intended. 

s The books were sent in casks finom London. 

4^ Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

p*ticulrly does appeare in the ffeoflees 

Book' ... ... ... ... ... lo 04 08 

The totall some is 75^ 04* 05^ 

Take notice that the 5^' 4* 5^ was allowed above the 70** for 
the fixing of them: viz. 18^ prii; as alsoe was ordered and 
agreed by the ffeoffees to bee the rule ffor Boulton and the rest 
of the Chappells whereunto bookes are left" 

The books, numbering two hundred and two volumes in all, 
were placed in the Jesus Chapel, together with those sent by 
John Prcstwich, but whether they attracted any students besides 
Henry Ncwcome there is nothing to show,^and their subsequent 
history for more than two hundred and fifty years is a blank. 
All that remains is to chronicle their disappearance, one of the 
most discreditable chapters in the History of the Wardens and 
I'cllows of the Collegiate Church of Manchester. 

Shortly before the year 1830, as before mentioned, the then 

' The fcofTees list gives the items which constitute this sum of £,\Q 4s. Sd. They 
nrr iiii folIowM : — 

" Iiii|»r'l«i |mitl tt) Jnmcs Harrctt for 15 dayes worke, and for 3 

walnttcntt (l(M)rt*s and for rayles &c. as app*rs for the desk ... 02 16 08 

l>il. Iht! Siiiythii for Iron worke and for Locks ; and the wrights for 

bu wing the great planks &c. ... ... ... 01 16 00 

{mI. Juiiie!! Itairett fur the 3 Joyces 5* and the 3 Griffith catches and 

cutting oHhem c/ 00 14 00 

pd. ultiite for ihtiineH claMiu^s carriedg caskes &c. for every reputed 

Irn pnwnd in l)(K)keii the some of 14* wchis 7 tymes fourteene 04 18 00 

Jiiiiirfe Huiiett, (he carpenter, is no doubt the person of that name. No. 226 among 
the I'lotcbinib of Manchester, &c. lie was one of those who elected Newcome to be 
iMiiiibler in plua* of llollinworth, and was afterwards on intimate terms with him. 
Nrwiiinie (.-/w/.'A, vn|. il. p. 299), under the date Jan. 14, 1659, says, "James Barret 
wa» with nu* | ami hi« Kon is now, it seems, in love. The foolishest thing that can 
lie. Ahm, what will the corruption of hearts put us upon I" 

* 1 1 bi:i:nu Ht range that Kdmund !Iarrald, the Manchester wig maker, whose 
litliiiloiih and biblionianiacal tendencies, alternating with fits of piety, are so amusingly 
bliown iu llu: extract* from his Diary for the years 1712-15, given by Mr. Harland 
IM AhHthi'itn t\t//r*ftwra {Chet Soc. vol. Ixviii.), should make no mention of the 
buolia, UN llieology bcenui to have been his particular taste in books. He passed his 
llilii: III uMc!iiiltiig tlie iervices at the Parish Church (when he never fails to note the 
lt:»l aiitl lliu buUtancti of the sermon), getting drunk, and reading religious books. 

Manchester Church Library. 49 

Warden and Fellows converted the Jesus Chapel into a registry, 
turned the books out, and sent them to the Chetham Hospital. 
Time had doubtless left its mark upon them, and Mr. Hibbert- 
Ware' refers to them at this time in the following words, " but 
for some time past having been neglected they had fallen into 
decay, so that literally nothing remained but the desks, a few 
old tattered books, and remnants of loose chains." But this 
statement is inaccurate, as appears by the following letter in 
the Manchester Guardian of July 28, 1847, signed "Civis :" 

" When a boy, and in the habit of going to the old church, I 
have read in the books mentioned,* and well remember the 
chains and stalls in which the books were placed. Mr. Whatton, 
writing in 1833, states that within a few years of that time 
nothing remained of the library but the bookcases and chains 
which secured the books from being carried away, even the last 
few torn leaves, the whole of the relics, had at length disappeared. 
Perhaps it may not be uninteresting to know what became of 
them. They were sold about 1829 ^^ 1830. The few torn 
leaves were at least a hundred volumes, certainly not in good 
condition, principally quartos, and ** godly English books " they 
were if their titles gave any index to their contents. I saw them 
in the bookseller's shop, and examined some of them, and was 
told by the bookseller that they had come from the College, 
and were the old books that used to be in the Church. Their 
removal to the College is noted by you, their further wanderings 
were to the shop, and there, as is the fate of most libraries, 

■ Ftmndations of Manchester ^ by Hibbert-Ware and Whatton. VoL ii. p. 313. 

* An account of this Library had appeared in the colamns of the Guardian shortly 
before the date of this letter. 

s Botfield, in his Notes on ifu Cathedral Libraries of England, London, 1S49, 
8vo. p. 348, says of Manchester Cathedral, *' There is no library at Manchester. 
There were a few books sold about 25 years ago by the Churchwardens of that time, 
which consisted chiefly of Divinity. Jewel's Apology, Hooker's works, Foxe*s Book 
of Martyrs, &c., many of them in a dilapidated state, and very few perfect among 
them. They appear to have been books placed in the Church for the use of the 


1 50 Old Librai tes of Lancashire. 

Pasoris Lexicon Novi Testament!. 8vo. Given by Mr. John 

Howkins affores<*. 
Gerardi Joannis Vossii Et>'mologicum lingux latinae. FolL 

Given by Mr. John Flavill of Birchen- Lane, London." 
♦Cambden's Britania in Engh'sh. Foil. Given by Thomas 

Martin One of the Gentlemen of his Ma^y* privy chamber 

in ordinar}'.2 

♦Minsheu's Dixionar}- in Poll. Given by Mr. Joseph Thomp- 
son Rector of St Dunstanes in the West London.^ 

♦Fax nova linguae latinx a P. Jaz-Berenyo in 8vo. Given by 
Major Nathaniel Brookes in Comhill London.* 

♦The famous & memorable workes of Josephus in English. 
Foil. Given by Mr. John Tilletson Gent.5 
The Old Testam* in Heb. the new in Greeke uith David's 

psalms in Eng-meeter all bound together. 8va 
Pagnini Thesaurus lingua? sanctae. 8vo. Both these last 
named were given by Richard Hutton Rector of Bootle 
in Cumberland.^ 

♦Homer's Odysses translated into English, adorned iinlth 
Sculpture & illustrated with Annotations by John 

' John Mavill is descrilievi as '* Coflc-man in London** (ka. Coffee-house keeper). 
in the list of 1070. 

* A c\^py of the cviilion of lA^ndon, 1637. 

s This is a copy of the second cxliiion (Londc^n, 1627) of Minsheu^s Gmide tmU 
7\'>njC^rs, and coniains only nine lanpu^"^ vi;. : English, Low Dutch, High Dotdi, 
French, Italian, I^iiin, S)\.ini>h. Itreek, and Ilel^rew. The first edition (published in 
1017) contains Welsh and rortuj;ese in addition. 

* 0( Taul Peter IVronicius, or _9Cj.<":-/^.'^rwv, a Transylvaniin poet and scholar who 
passexl many years in Kngland. the only accx^unts that I know jure those in Jocher^s 
.•i*J^ri*{^'Kes /v,i;V<»i», and Hv>tVman*s /^r^vw l'nf7Yrsj2f, 

s A ci^py of Lixlge's translation, London. 1670. In the list of 1670, TBletSdi is 
descrilxNl as ** Receiver Ctenerall for the 1 Vine and Chapter of the Cathedrall Church 
of St. Taul's l^^ndon." There was a John Tillison, gentleman, appointed Clerk of 
the Works for the rebuilding x>( St. PauIV the Great Fire, and he may be the 
same person as this John Tillets^^n. Malcolm's JL-mJ:mMm A'AUTTT'iaMr, 1S03-7, ^'^ 
iii. pp. 85 7, 101, 

* Richard Hutton was Rector of Bootle from 1660 to I704« when he died, aged 71 

Bolton Church Library. 5 1 

standard,* and partly the desire of the Bolton authorities, as 
expressed by Tilsley, to have more than the sum of fifty pounds 
originally allotted, which was afterwards increased by five pounds. 
No formal discharge seems ever to have been given to the 
feoffees by Bolton, and the following is the original list of the 
books and their prices, taken from the feoffees' Minute Book : 

"An accompt of the 50^ in Bookes w<^^ are for Boulton togeather 
with the i8d p' li viz 3 : 15:0 w^h is allowed for the fixing of them 
in Boulton Church as app^ by ord"^ of June 29, 1659. 
ffirst there is delivered a presse to place these 
following Books in w*ch cost (as appears) 
p^toPeet: Dickson ... ... ... 10 00 00 

Alsoe paid for chains clasps carriedg caskes 

(as may appeare in the accts of Man- 

chest^ Turto &c.) for every x^^ in bookes, 

the some of xiiii. w'ch is 5 tymes 14^ is... 03 10 00 

Adams Sermons 18^ Andrews patt'rn of catta- 

chist. Doct. 8s 01 06 00 

tBabbingtons works^ iqs *-j-Barlow on Tim : 8^ 

fBanes on Ephes : IQS 6d 01 08 06 

Bilsons [Thomas Bp. of Worcester] surveigh of 

C^sufr'rings6sBrought6viewScript'rs34s 00 10 OO 

*fCartwright 6 Rhem : Test^ 12^ Downeham 

Christ : warfare 15s 01 07 00 

* Ante p. 23. We have seen that the books purchased by Johnson did not meet with 
Tilsley's approval, and a minute was passed by the feoffees that they should be 
brought into the great library, and that books should be bought for Bolton "according 
to Iheir desire." Yet it seems probable that some of the books actually sent to 
Bolton were those originally selected by Johnson, as they are not of the character 
which Tilsley desired to have, and would have certainly chosen. It is deserving of 
notice that though the form of discharge was sent to Bolton with the books, it does 
not seem to have been executed or returned. It may be that "the Chiefe of Bolton " 
were not pleased with the books. 

* The books marked t are now at Bolton Grammar School. The remainder have 

3 I know of no work of Hugh Broughton, entitled A view of the Scriptures, 
Probably his Concert of Scripture, first printed in 1590, is intended. 

52 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

Eltd on Rom^ 1 1^ : Fdld [Richard] on Church 

9» : Full'rs Church history* 24» 02 04 OO 

Downha on Justific : 5* ♦fGowges works 9* : 

♦thildersha on 51^ ps : & t4* Jo 15* ... 01 09 OO 
♦Moortons cathol : appl. 7* "fPar on Rom* 6* : 

"f-Rog'rs Naama 5* 00 18 00 

tRog'rs 5 Judges 8*: Speeds history* 23*"f"Tay- 

rrsworks^io* 02 01 00 

♦Whites Works^ lo^ 6^ *Engl: Anotat 2 voL 

44S Andrews [Bp L] Sermos 13* ... 03 07 06 

Austs [St Augustine] Citie of God 13*: ♦fCal- 

vin's Instit* 7s : Euseb : Eccl : History 9* 01 09 CO 
fFuirrs holy warr and State IP fGattak'rs 
Sermons 8* f hamon [Hammond] 5 Psal : 

a ^L ••. •*. ••■ ••• ••• •*. ^^ A A \ ^^^J 

Hutchinson on the smal p'ph^ 6* on S* Jos 

Gosp.5 5s Kendal ag^ Goodwin 1 4* _. 01 05 00 

*Luth*rs Divine Coloquics 8^ fMomey's Mis- 

tery of Iniquitie 5* 00 13 CO 

' The late Bishop of Chester (Dr. Jacobson) was wont to remark, in one of the 
courses of lectures which he delivered and rcnlelivered as Regius Professor of Dirinity 
at Oxford, that it was curious that of our only two (English) ecclesiastical historians, 
the one should have been ^jrster^ and the other a non-juror. 

* One of the two non-theological books, the other being Pultons StatuUs, We 
cannot guess how these two books could have been included by Tilsley among the 
"godly English books.** Possibly they were among the least objectionable of those 
which Johnson had bought {anU^ p 26), and were, therefore, allowed to remain. 

3 Not Jeremy Taylor^ but Tht w^rks i*f thai faUh/ul servattt of Jesus Christy Dr, 
fhom, Tayhr, London, 1653, fol. 

♦ By IVkites Works arc no doubt meant A Jf^efiy to a Jesuit Fisher^ by Francis 
White, Dean of Carlisle (afterwards Bishop of Ely), and the Works of his brother. Dr. 
John White, Vicar of Ecclcs as ci>pii'« t»f lH»th these volumes were purchased for 
Turton for 10* e'*, and for (iorton for li\ Sec for their description Mr. French's 
volume, pp. 50-53. John White, Vicar of Ki"cles must be distinguished firom his 
more celebrated namesake, usually c«dleil **the |>atrian;h of Dorchester. Notices of 
both will be found in Ant. ii'WiHMl. 

s George llutchciion, a mintMfi of Ktlliiburgh, U the author of A Brief Expositiom 
of the xii. smail prophtts (3 vol*. 3v«». 1655, and I voL fo, 1657X and An expoiitiom 
of the Gospel aecontiHn to John. Loiidoiw 1 6571 to. 

Bolton Church Library. 53 

Pultons Statutes ' 32* fStock on Malachi 5» €A 

♦Ush'rs body Divin \$^(A 02 03 00 

♦tUrsins cattechis : 8» ♦fWillotts Synops : 

papis : 12* 01 00 00 

♦Willott on Gen : ♦Exod : *f Lev : *f Sam : 

*f Dan : and *f Romans 5 vol 02 15 00 

f Wilson on Rom* 5* Abamathies Physicke 

3» 4^ tBall on faith 3* 6^ 00 11 10 

♦tBaxfrs S^ Rest^ 6* (A *tBirkbecks [Simon] 

p'testant evid* 3* 6^ 00 i o 00 

Bilsons Goverm^ of y^ Church 2* 8^ Chris- 
tian Subjectio 5* ... ... ... ... 00 07 08 

•fCoUins Cordiall 6» (A fDownhams Sum of 

Divinitie 3* 00 09 06 

fDowna on 4 first chap^ of Hosea 4* 6^ 

tDykes works 2 vol. 7* 6^3 00 12 00 

Elton on Coloss : 4* &* on )^ Comandm^ & 

L^ds prayV 2* gd 00 07 03 

King on Jonah 5* fManton on James 5* 

♦Moulinsag: Armin: 2' 00 12 00 

♦fMedes [Joseph] Works 3 vol.* 13*4** 

dall on the Sacrament 2^ (A 00 15 10 

t[Randall] Lectures on the Church 2» fRog'rs 

Privat [i.e. practicall] chattachis 2* ... 00 04 00 
tRog'rs on the Sacram^ 2* on the 39 articles 

2' 6d ... ... ... ... ... 00 04 06 

Sandersons Sermons 5' Assemblies Confessio 5 3s 00 08 00 

' One of the many editions or continuations of Pultons Abstract or Abridgment of 

tht Statutes^ originally printed in 156a It is priced the highest of any single volume 

in any of the five libraries. 
* Notwithstanding Tilsley's objection to Baxter, three of his works are among the 

Bolton books. 
) Only the second volume is now at Bolton Grammar School 
4 Only the first and third volumes are at the Grammar School 
' The HumbU adtnce of the Assembly of Divines now by auUunity of parliament 

sitting ai Westminster concerning a Confession of Faith and Larger and Shorter 

Catechism. London, 1658, 4to. 

54 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

♦tBoultons Works 2 vol : lo* *tBlakes treatise 

of the Coven^ 3s 6«^ 00 13 06 

♦lilakes Coven^ seal'd 4* *Baxt" infant bab- 

tisme 2^ ... ... ... ... ... 00 06 00 

fFcatleys Romish fight ^ 2^ fhis grand sacrelidg 

JO... ... ... ... ... ..• \,^J ^^ J V^\^ 

fGurnells Arm : 2 vol. 15^: *harmony of con- 
fession 3^ 6^ ... ... ... ... 00 18 06 

t Hookers Works 2 vol: 2: 12^ fLawrence use 

and pract. of faith 4S ... ... ... 00 16 00 

Manton on Jude 4^ 6^ Mourneys truenes of 

Chr Relig. 3s 6d 00 08 CO 

fMorneing exercises at Gyles 5s 6^ at Gyles 

Cripplegate 4S 6^ 00 10 CO 

fKobinsons Christ all in all 5^ 00 05 00 

fSibbs Sermons and Treatise in 4 vol.3 ... 01 05 00 
•fSrlatcr on the Thess. ... ... ... ... 00 05 00 

Sclatcr on the Romans 3s Baxf^ reformed 

Tast*^ 2*' ... ... ... ... ... GO 05 bo 

Drrrin^js |M(lward] Works 2S ... ... ... oo 02 00 

AUor the ICxecut'rs allowance for fixing the 
booke.s according to agreem^ viz xviii^^ 
for «rv'ry twentie shillings is ... ... 03 15 00 

The soine is 53^ : 15 : 01 
AimI ill Ihi! n^fjuest of James Chetham Esq these books to 
\\\i'. vitlur of five pounds were granted to Boulton above theire 
|/porlJoii : vi/: 

l/i*ii< |\.v/nf> I Henry] Chron[ology] 155 Raw- 
l«i^^hf> hiht 22« tl'^cnVs Works 5s fRen- 
nlilti 2 vol.^ S** *lleilens Geography 16^ 

' tkoinHk lliHikttrii WorkK. 

^ '\ Iii:|c u (iiily oiitt volume now at the Grammar School. 

4 'lliLiii: iwo viiluiiii'ii would lic thcworks of Edward Reynolds, Bbhop of Norwich. 
'Ill*; 4I0 vohuiii: HOW iciiittiiiing at Ik)lton Grammar School contains A Treatise of the 

Bolton Church Library. 55 

Joseph: warrs Jews 15* Sedgwicke on 
the New testam^ lo* -(-Abbots Defence 

of Perkins 2 vol : > lo* 05 01 00 

Remember that uppon the 15^^ day of Aprill 1668 All the 
aforementioned Bookes were placed in Boulton Church w^in 
Mr. Chethams Chappell in the Deske there prepared for them ; 
the same was exactly done in the presence of James Chetha Esq*" 
Alex. Norres, John Okey and Tho. Mynshull govern"* And 
alsoe Mr. Harpur the minister^ Joseph Werden and others." 

Passions. London, 1650. Mediiations on the Sacrament of the Lords Supper, 
London, 1647. Israels Prayer in the time of trouble, London, 1649. AnimaJis 
Homo, Coiuio ad Acad, Oxon, London, 1 650. Also three sennons printed in 1636, 
1652, and 1658 respectively. 

* It would seem from the fact that Raleigh's History of the World and Heylins 
Cosmography were purchased for Bolton at James Chetham*s request, that he was a 
person of somewhat more enlarged mind, and of more general culture, than Tilsley 
and the rest. 

' Alexander Norris lived at Halgh, near Bolton. He was a Governor of Bolton 
Grammar School, and in 1645 was, by order of Parliament, appointed Treasurer of 
the Committee for the County of Lancaster, to assess the County, pay the Soldiers, 
&c. {Civil War Tracts^ Chet. Soc, vol ii. p. 210.) John Okey was buried in 
Bolton Parish Churchyard, and his tombstone bears the following inscription : "John 
Okey the servant of God was borne in London 1608 Came into this towne in 1629 
Married Mary daughter of James Crompton of Breightmet 1635 with whom he lived 
comfortably 20 yeares and begot 4 sonns and 6 daughters since then he lived sole till 
the day of his death In his time were many Great Changes and terrible alterations — 
18 yeares Civill Wars in England besides many dreadfull sea Bghts the Crown or 
Command of England changed 8 times episcopacy laid aside 14 yeares — London 
burnt by Papists & more stately built againe — Germany wasted 300 miles 200000 
protestants murdered in Ireland by the Papists this towne thrice stormed once taken 
and plundered He went thorow many troubles and divers Conditions found rest joy 
and happiness only in holines the faith fear and love of God in Jesus Christ He dyed 
the 29 of Ap. lieth here buried 1684. Come Lord Jesus o come quickly. Holines 
is mans hapines. Dominc Nos Dirige. Omnia Sal Savit." (Baiiies* History of 
Lancashire^ 1868-70, vol. i. p. 551.) 

' John Harper, Vicar of Bolton. He appears along with Richard Goodwin 
amongst the signatures to the Harmonious Consent in 1648, where he is described as 
Pastor of Bolton-le- Moors Church, and Goodwin as minister of the same, the two 
occur together again in the signatures to the Agreement of the People^ 1649, and in 
the Commonwealth Survey ^ 1650. (Record Soc vol. i.) They are s^mken of "as 
pre^nt Incumbents of the same Church .... and arc men of able parts and 

5<> Old Libraries of LancaskirB. 

The libran-. consisting of one hundred and eight volinn^ 
placed, as we havt seen, in the Chetham Chapel, but there is 
little on record as to its subsequent history. The boots seem to 
liave remained in the Church unti] early in the present ceultny. 
Writing in 1836, Mr. Baines, in his account of the 
Cliapel, in Bolton Parish Church sa}^: : ** Upon a large 

in tlie same chapel which contains some bocdcs purchased out of 
the bequest of this benefactor [Humphrey Chetham], is insctSied, 
**The gift of Humphrey- Chetham, Esq., 1655.''' 

In tlie year 1 855, when Mr. French compDed his bibhographical 
notices of the books at Turton and Gorton, he stated tiiat no 
trace of the books bequeathed to Bolton, could then be foand,^ 
and since that date several wTiters have made the same statement, 
and the books have been considered to have entirely disappeared. 
But in making an examination for the purposes of this vohzme, 
of the books preserved in the Bolton Grammar School, and said 
to be the gift of James Lever and others, Mr. John Crec has 
discovered and clearly identified fifty-six out of the 108 vdumes 
originally deposited in the church. Fort>'-nine of the vbluroes 
are i>erfect, and fifty-four have still the chain attached to them. 
They arc in poor condition, and though one or two of them shew 
signs of having been read, the bulk of them seem to have suffered 
more from dust and damp, than from use. 

%*A\y i^readiing minisieri." Goodm-in was ejected in 1662, thoogfa Haxper seenttto 
bavc iJlied bjm»df much more closely wiih the Commonwedlh party. Haxper w 
oiie of the mioibterb ap|x>inted to disburse the money collected in Loodon far the 
dibtreM in J^ancabhire in 1644, and was appointed one of the Comminee of Oidoiga* 
titif) in tlie wune year. {Civti War Tracts, Chet. Soc, voL iL pp. 207-&.) 

' History of ljin<ashire, vol, iii. p. 64. The last edition of Baines (iS6S-7Q^ vol. i. 
!>' 55 >) has the same sentence, with the additional statement that the txx>kcase is now 
jn the Keaiiing Kof^m of Chetham 's Library, Manchester. Mr. French, however (pc 4)» 
sayb that the fragment of the bookcase, now in the Chetham Library, was the one 
which l>clonged to Walmsley. There is a portion of one of the bookcases, now in 
the Reading Room of the Chetham Library, but there is nothing to show where it came 
from. 'Ilierc is a plate on it with the following inscription, "Presented to Chetfaam*s 
Hospital, by William Hulton, Esq., one of the feoffees, April 16, 1827." 

' Their removal, then, would be between the years 1836 and 1855. 

Turton and Walmsley. 57 


The books for Turton and Walmsley were delivered into the 
hands of Mr. George Chetham on July 28, 1659. As in the case 
of the Bolton Library, no formal discharge was ever given for 
them. The following catalogue is taken from the Minute Book 
of the Chetham feoffees :* 

" An acct of the 30^ of Books for Turton Chappell & of 20" for 
Walmesley Chappell delivered to Mr. Geo : Chetham the 28th 
July 1659 ^y h's owne Servants and Traine or carriedg and are 
as p'ticulVly follow : 

Mrd. That according to agreem*t of the Executors and 
ffeoffees togeather ; the somme of eighteenpence for each 
pounde was & is to bee allowed for & towards the fixing 
of them in their sev*^ places w<^^ is to bee added above 
the so". 
Mrd. Alsoe that the charg of carriedg & portridg and casks 
is to be accoumpted w^ the somme of the books, The 
books as foil : 
♦Baxters works in 2 vol \^ 22* *Baines on Col : 

4*6** ... ... ... ... ... 01 06 06 

♦Blakes cov* of grace 4' (A *Boultons works 

2 vol : 10* ... ... ... ... ... 00 14 06 

Boultons [Samuel] arraigm* of En* 2* (A *Bor- 

roughs Irenicu 2* 8^ ... 00 05 02 

♦Barlow on Tim : 7* Baines on the Ephes: 10*6^ 00 17 06 
♦Birds [Beards] theat' of gods Judgmts 6* Caryl 

on Job S vol '? 36* (A 02 02 06 

Clarks Marrow of Eccl : hystory 10* Culver- 

wels [Nathaniel] light of nature 2* 9** ... 00 12 09 

' Both the libraries are included in one list, but there is an indication sufficiently 
clear to show which books were intended for Turton and which for Walmsley. 

• There are four volumes of Baxter's works now at Turton. The "2 vol :" is 
clearly a mistake for "4 vol," as copies of three of the four volumes were bought (or 
Manchester and Gorton, at a cost of 16s. 6d. 

s There would only be five volumes published at this date, to be complete there 
should be twelve. 


58 Old Libraries of Latuashire. 

♦Calvins Institutions 7s 6<^ ♦Calvin on Job 8^.. 00 15 06 
Clarks Martyrologie' 15^ Elton on the romans 

Elton on the Col: 6^ *Fox s Acts and Monum^^ 

^0^ ... ... ••• ... ... ... 02 00 00 

♦Gelaspies Arons rod 5^ Th: Goodwins select 

cases 6s&i... ... ... ... ... 00 ii 06 

♦Greenhill on Ezck : 3 vol. 10* ^ ♦Goodwins 

Christ, arm*^^ 8^ 00 18 00 

Goudg on the heb. 2 vol. 20^ *Greenhams 

works 13^ ... ... ... ... ... 01 13 00 

* See ante p. 34. Copies of Clark's Martyrology\ as well as of the Marrow of 
DhinUvy were also purchased for Gorton, and they are among the very few books now 
missing from that library. No doubt the woodcuts of " tortures " in the Martyroiogy^ 
and the "Lively Effigies of most of the eminentest of ihem cut in copper" of the 
Marrow^ were attractions which very few of the ** goiUy English books " possessed, 
and by constant use they have been probably long since thumbed out of existence. 

' The importance of Fox's Acts and Monummts^ in promoting and confirming the 
Reformation in England, was very great. No book after the English transbtion of 
the Bible had so much influence, and certainly no book published in the sixteenth 
century could be compared to it for popularity or influence. Every parish was directed 
by a royal injunction to be provideil with a copy. Manchester and Bolton would, no 
doubt, in pursuance of the injunction ix>ssess copies, otherwise it is probable that we 
should find them among the books purchased for these parishes. As will be seen from 
Mr. Frenches book, the copies bought were those of the eighth edition (1641, 3 vols, 
fol.), and he assumes from the fact that the first and second volumes are the only ones 
remaining at both Turton and Gorton, and from the price^ that the third volume was 
not purchased, but the Gorton catalogue distinctly says, 3 volumes, 38s. 

3 Mr. French (p. 78) states that only two volumes of this work were booghtt 
although he had a copy of the original list before him when compiling his Notices, 
lie does not seem to have noticed that the two volumes remaining are not consecutiTe, 
the one containing Greenhill's Exposition on Chapters I -5, and the other on 
chapters 14-19, the second volume containing chapters, 6-13 being missing. The 
work, to be complete, should be in five volumes, but the last two were not published 
at the time the library was complete<l. 

< Good-xvirty is clearly a mistake for Gouge. The book intended is The Whole 
Armour of God^ &c., by William Gouge. See description in Mr. French's work, p. 
10. The book did not, however, cost 20s. as there stated. Mr. French has confused 
the book with the same author's Cofnmentary on the Hebre^vs contained, in the next 


Turton and Walmsley. 59 

♦Heilens Cosmography 20^ *Hildersam on Psal. 

51, 1556** 01 15 06 

Jenkin on Jude lO* 6^ *Jermin on y« Pv'bs 

and on the Ecclesiast." both at 12* ... 01 02 06 
♦Jewels Apolog : 20^ Loves Works 8^ ... 01 08 00 

Mayer on the bible 5 vol. 3^ *Moortons 

Cathol : appeal 7s 03 07 00 

♦Momeys mistery of Iniquitie And on the 

Mass 2 vol.2 CXD 10 00 

♦Firkins [William Perkins Works] 3 vol : 37s 

Byfeild on Col : & on Peet*" 15^ 02 12 00 

♦Slater on Thess : 5^ *Ushers answer to y^ 

Jesuites 4S 6^ CXD0906 

♦Ursins Cattachisme 8* *Ushers body of 

devinity 6^ 6<* 00 14 06 

*Dr. Jo Whites Works 5^ 6^ *Dr. fr : Whites 

answ' to fisher 55 ... ... ... ... 00 10 06 

♦Willets Works in 7 vol 13" 15* A great bible 

30* ... ... ... ... ... 05 05 00 


♦Book Marty res 40^ *Pirkins 3 vol : 37*.. 03 17 00 
♦Jewels Apol : 20^ *Ushers som Christ 

religio 6* 6<* ... ... ... ... 01 06 06 

♦Ursins cattachisme 8* ♦Momeys mystery 

of Iniquitie and on the mass at 10^ ... 00 18 00 

♦Peet' Martyrs como places 1 2* 00 12 00 

• The Paraphrasticall Meditations by way of Commentary on the Proverbs^ 1638, foL, 
is now at Turton, and its "presumed cost/' according to Mr. French, was 12s., but he 
makes no mention of the Commentary upon Ecclesiastes^ London, 1 639, 4to., which 
accompanies it in this entry, but which was missing when he compiled his catalogue. 

• Mr. French says that the Afystery of Iniquity ^ alone cost los., but it appears from 
this entry that two works of De Momay were purchased for that sum. 

> This mark is in the original entry, and from the fact that the books which follow 
are written in an inner margin, and that some of them are duplicates of those preceding, 
it seems clear that they were those originally intended for Walmsley, but which, as 
appears in the text, I have reason for thinking never reached that place. 
















60 Old Libraries of Lancashire, 

♦Tayler 6 vol : 29* *Topsell on Joell 5* ... 01 14 00 
♦Book of homilies 4^ AttersoU on y« Sacra- 

m*3s6<* 00 07 06 

Taylors Works' 10* Leighs body of 

divinitie 12* 

♦Stoughton 7* (A *Rutherford 4 vol :* 13* 

flTor carriedg casks portridg &c. 

ffor desks & Iron work &c. as appears ... 
7 dossin & 10 chains & clasps & fixing... 

Whereoff is 3^* 15^ allowed for fixing. The total is 53 15 ocP 

Turton & Walmsley quitt" 

The library at Turton is still in existence, and is the principal 
subject of Mr. French's work^ to which the reader is referred for 
an account of the books, as well as of their restoration and 
repair, by Mr. French's praiseworthy exertions. 

With regard to the books that were bought for Walmsley, it 
seems doubtful whether they ever reached their destination. 
There is certainly no evidence that they did arrive at Walmsley, 
and though there is no direct proof to the contrary, the facts seem 
to show that such was the case, and that all the books intended 
for Turton and Walmsley were taken to Turton by Geoi^e 
Chetham, and remained there. We have seen from Tilsley's 
letter of April 5, 1655 {ante p. 22) that two of the feoffees residing 
in or near Bolton "were not tenatious for ye chappels." And 
it will be noticed that the heading of the list of books for Turton 

' Mr. French understands by this entry three of the six volumes of Taylor's 
Works, but he has not noticed that the six volumes are also included in this list, and 
it seems probable that it would be a copy of the Works of Dr, Thonuu Taylor^ foL 
London, 1653, a copy of which was bought for Bolton, and is now at the Bolton 
Grammar School. The six volumes just before mentioned, although by the same 
author, do not contain anything that is in the " Works " printed in 1653. 

' It will be seen by this entry that four volumes of Rutherford's works were pur- 
chased at a cost of 13*, not three volumes for 12* as stated by Mr. French. 

3 This should be ;f 53 5^. 6J, The books for Walmsley cost only £\o lys, 6d, 

* Chet. Soc. vol. xxxviii. 


Turton and Walmsley, 6i 

and Walmsley, states that the books were " delivered to Mr. Geo : 
Chetham," who was then residing at Turton Tower, but there is 
no statement that they were placed in the two chapels. 

In the list of documents belonging to Chetham's Hospital and 
Library in the year 1679, in the keeping of Thomas Mynshull 
(the Treasurer), appears the following : 

" There is also an ace* of all the p'ticuK books placed in Man- 
chester Church Gorton Chappell & Boulton Church, and as tliere 
are or ought to have been placed in Turton and Walmesley ChappelL 

There is the discharges to the Executors from Manchest' & 

Boult5 discharg was sent to Boulto to ^ ,, ^, 

Al. Noris to be sealed. Turton and Walms- > ^ . .. 

1 4. c /-u 4.U 4. 4.4. I J " . I "^ver returned, 

ley to Sqyre Cheth : to gett sealed. ' ) 

Coming to the books themselves, we find that twenty-eight 
volumes were bought for Walmsley, and that of the fifty-two 
volumes now remaining at Turton, eleven are books bought for 
Walmsley, and not for Turton, a fact which, considered in con- 
junction with the extract above given from the list of documents, 
points strongly to the conclusion that the books never reached 
Walmsley. Of the other four libraries there is evidence of one 
kind or another to prove that they were placed in the respective 

' These extracts, taken from the Minute Book of the Chetham feoffees, seem con- 
clusive as to where the Turton and Wahnsley libraries were placed. The entries in 
the Minute Book were not made until twenty years after the two libraries had been 
delivered into the hands of George Chetham. Thomas Mynshull had been a feoffee, 
and also Treasurer of the Hospital and Library since their foundation, and would 
therefore know the whole history of the libraries, and it is not likely he would have 
allowed such a statement as " and as there are or ought to Aavt been placed in Turton 
and Walmsley chapels," without reasonable grounds for it ** Sqyre Cheth :" would 
be George Chetham, the executor, into whose hands the two libraries were delivered, 
and as he must have known that the Gorton discharge had been duly signed and 
returned when the books were deposited in the chapel there, it seems strange that he 
should not have caused the Turton and Walmsley discharges to be duly signed, unless 
he had reason for not doing so. It seems probable that he agreed with Tilsley that 
the sum allotted to the two chapels and Bolton was not enough, and that he caused the 
Walmsley books to be retained at Turton. 

62 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

churches and chapels, but there is no trace whatever of any 
books having ever been placed in Walmsley chapel, though the 
book case intended for their reception seems to have been duly 

Mr. French speaks of this library as follows : 

" The old chapel at Walmesley, about three miles north-west 
of Bolton, was rebuilt in 1839; but long before that time the 
Chetham books had been dispersed and lost, and all that re- 
mained of the oak case was the portion bearing the inscription : 
this was removed to Manchester, and now forms part of an oak 
sideboard in the Chetham Hospital there." ' 

Gorton Chapel. 

This library was completed and handed over on July 28, 1658, 
a discharge being duly signed and delivered to the executors of 
Humphrey Chetham on that date, of which the following is a 
copy : 

"To ALL Christian People to whom these presents may come we 
William Leigh, Minister of Gods word att Gorton in the County of Lan- 
caster." Robert Wallwork and Thomas Shelmerdyne of Gorton afore- 
said chappellreeves of and for the Chappell of and in Gorton aforesaid. 
John Cork and Robert Wyldeinge Constables of Gorton aforesaid And 
others the inhabitants of and within Gorton aforesaid whose names are 
subscribed Send Greeting Whereas Humfrey Chetham late of Clayton in 
the aforesaid countie of Lancaster Esquire Did in and by his last will 

' See ante^ p. 56. 

• Calamy {Abridgment^ vol. ii. p. 412) sajrs: "Mr. William Leigh, a serious, single* 
hearted man of good abilities, very labourious in the work of the ministry, one of the 
Classis of Manchester. He was g^evously afflicted with the stone, which at last cut 
him oflf in 1664, about fifty years of age." Henry Newcome {Autobiography ^ vol. t 
P* 155) ^ys he died in 1666. Writing under the date January ii, in that year, he 
says " We buried poor Mr. Leigh of Gorton at Denton Chapel." There was a Mr. 
William Leigh, minister of Culchcth [Newchurch] Chapel 1648-50 {CommonwedUh 
Church Surveys^ Record Society, vol. i. p. 50), who was married to Martha Hop- 
wood on November 26, 1649, at Hollins Chapel. {Local Gleanings^ 4to., p. 256.) 
According to Canon Raines {AfSS.) he was appointed curate of Gorton in 1656, and 
was ejected in 1662, Caleb Stopford succeeding him on December 17, in that year. 

Gorton Church Library, 63 

and testament in writeinge beareinge date the sixteenth day of December 
which was in the yeare of our Lord god one thousand sixe hundred flWty 
and one (Amongst other matters and thinges therein contained and com- 
prised) Give and bequeath the sum*e of Two hundred pounds to bee 
bestowed by his Executors in his said will nominated in Godly English 
bookes such as Calvins Prestons and Perkins Works, comments or Anno- 
tations on the Bible or some parts thereof or such other Bookes as 
Richard Johnson John Tyldesley and Richard Hollinworth Gierke in 
the said will named or anie of them should think most proper for the 
edification of the com'on people by the discrec'ion of the said Executors 
chained upon Deskes or to bee ffixed to the Pillars or other convenient 
places in the Parish Ghurche of Manchester and Boulton in the Moores 
in the said Gountie of Lancaster And in the Ghappells of Turton Walm- 
isley and Gorton in the aforesaid Gountie of Lancaster within a certaine 
tyme in the said will mentioned after his decease And the said Humfrey 
Ghethara constituted ordained and made his Nephewes George Ghethara 
Esquire and Edward Ghetham gentleman Executors of his last will and 
testament And some yeares afterwards departed this life And Whereas 
since the death of the said Humfrey Ghetham Itt was thought fitt 
ordered agreed and assented unto by the aforesaid Ejcecutors and by the 
greater number of the ffeoffees of the said Humfrey Ghetham nominated 
in his said last will for and conceminge the pious and charitable uses 
given left and bequeathed by the said Humfrey Ghetham in and by his 
said last will and testament That the sum'e of Thirty pounds is Allotted 
and designed to and for the Ghappell of Gorton aforesaid for and as 
their parte share and p'portion of the said sum*e of Two hundred pounds 
for the Buyinge of Books for the Ghappell of Gorton aforesaid : And 
because the inhabitants of and within the said Ghappellry of Gorton will 
not bee att charges of Ghaines Deskes and other such like thinges for 
the fixinge of the Bookes there accordinge to the said will Therefore the 
Ghaiges aforesaid are to bee deducted and payd out of the aforesaid 
sum*e of Thirty poundes.' Now know yee That wee the aforesaid 
Minister Ghappellreeves Gonstables and other Inhabitants whose names 
are subscribed as aforesaid Doe consent and agree unto the premisses 
And doe further by these presents Acknowledge and confesse That wee 

' See Minute of June 29, 1659 {antt p. 24). The amount fixed for »helving, &c., 
was afterwards allowed to Gorton. 

64 Old Libraries of Lancashire, 

have received and had att or before the sealinge and deliverie of these 
presents of and from the said Geoige Chetham and Edward Chetham 
Executors as aforesaid to and for the uses aforesaid and to be fixt in 
some convenient place or places of the same Chappell Accordinge to the 
same will All and every the Bookes (the which with the prices thereof 
and the charges of the affixeinge thereof as aforesaid are contained in a 
schedule unto these presents annexed And doe amount unto the sum'e 
of Thirty pounds As will appeare by a survey and penisall of the same 
schdule And we doe approve allow and accept thereof in lieu & full 
and al^solute satisfaction and discharge of and for the parte portion & 
share of the said sum*e of Two hundred pounds belonginge to the 
Chai^icll of Gorton aforesaid And wee declare that the Bookes are such 
a$ wee desire And the which were elected or chosen or ^proved and 
allowed by the said Richard Johnson John Tildesley and Richard 
HoUinworth or some of them according to the said will In Testimony 
whereof we have hereunto sett our hands and seales the eight and twen- 
tieth day of June in the yeare of our Lord god according to the compu- 
tation of the Church of England one thousand six hundred ffifty and eight. 

William Leigh Minister Thomas Strangways 

Robert R Walwork Alexander Heronn 

Thomas T Shelmerdyne George L Simister his mark 

Chapelreeves William V^ Birkenshawe marke 

John J Q Cork Joseph Graver 

Robert R Wildinge Richard Taylor 

Constables Frances Wood 

Hugh Bordman. 

The Schedule menc'oned in the deed whereunto this is 
annexed :< 

•Ambroses Prima, Media, Ultima, in 4to 

Augustines Confessions in 4to 

♦Assemblies Annotations Vol : 2, in ffoL 

^ f *acrainst Tombes in 4to 

Baxter ' ^ ^ 


♦Saints rest in 4to 
















' The books marked * are still at Gorton, and will be found described in Mr. 
French's book. 


Gorton Church Library. 65 

{♦Directions for walkeinge "j 
with God Mn 4to 00 10 CO 
♦True happinesse ... J 
♦Brightman on Revelation in 4to 

{♦On John "j 
*0f Justificac'on ... >in 4to 
♦Spirituall Refineinges... ) 
♦Beards Theatre of Gods Judgements in ffol... 
♦Brent (S' Nath:) Counsell of Trent* 

Clarks lives of the ffathers in 4to 

Crookes guide to true blessednes in i6to 
♦Cartwrighte Confutation of Rhemists "] 

♦Calvins Institutions >in ffol 

♦Chillingworth Religion of Protestants 2 J 

Clarks Martyrology 2 parts in ffol 

_ , r*On Comandments ). 

^°^ I •Lords Prayer l>"4to 

♦Drakes Chronologie in 4to 

♦Fox's Acts & Monuments Vol: 3 inffoUatt^... 

♦Gee of Prayer in 1 2° 

♦Hacwills Apologie in ffol 

♦Harmony of Confessions in 4to 

♦Harris Sermons in ffol 

♦Hildersham in ffol 

Josephus Historic in ffol 

♦Knox Historic of the Church of Scotland ... 

i-^oves w orices ... ... ... .«• .*• 

♦Mayer on difficult places of the 7 Cath: Epist 
♦Meades Workes Vol: 4 in 4to 

Moreton I *Catholique Appeale J j ^^ ... 
I ♦Grand Imposture ) 

' This is a ttanslation by Sir N. Brent of Paul Saq>i*s Istoria del concilw TridenHno, 
The authors nom de plume of Pietro Soave Polano seems to have been taken by Mr. 
French for the real name of the author. 

* Unusual liberality is shown in the selection of this admirable work. 

> The second Tolume is missing. 


. t • 

• •• 





















































































66 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

♦Moulin Anatomie of Arm: in 4to 

♦Napeir on Revelations in 4to 

Pembles Workes in ffol. 

♦Perkins Vol: 3 in ffol 

Raleigh S' Walter in ffol 

♦Reynolds on the no Psalme in 4to 

♦Richardson on Old Testament in ffol. 
♦Roberts Key of the Bible Vol: 2 in 12° 

♦Rogers Seaven Treatises in ffol. 

♦Trap on New Testament in ffol 

♦Ursins Catechisme in ffol. 

♦Ushers substance of Christian Religion in 4to 

WoUebius' in 12° ... 

♦Whites way to the True Church in ffol. 

♦Whites Answer to ffisher in ffol 

♦Weemes Workes Vol : 4 in 4to 

The Chaines 14^ and carriage of Caske from 
London 26^ 4^ and Claspinge Bookes I2<* 

More towards the Presse to putt the Bookes in 


























































In the margin of the Schedule, opposite Calvin's Institutions, 
is written in a different hand^ " abated ^^ 6^ in that Book it cost 
soe," and at the foot in the same hand is '*p^ 7* (A more in money 
w'ch was abated in the ov'charge on Calvin as appears above and 
on the other syde." 

The endorsement on the " other syde " is : 

"The 5'^ day of July 1658 
Take notice that uppo* the receiving of this acquittance for the Books 
wthin mentioned from the inhabitants of Gorton, the som'e of three 

' Compendium Tkeologia Christiana of Johan WoUeb, or Wollebius, was translated 
under the Utle The Abridgment of Christian Divinity translated cleared and enlarged 
by Alexander Ross, London, 1656, I2ma, reprinted 1660. 

* Written by Thomas Mynshull, Treasurer to the feoffees. 

Gorton Church Library. 67 

pounds n3me shillings sixpence was paid togeather Vth the som'e of 
seaven shillings w^ was overchaiged in Calvins institutions, their beeing 
too books of them bought for 15* : soe as I do acknowledg to have 
Rec'd besydes the above sd som*e ffor the use expressed the som'e 
of 7* 6*** 

Witness Tho : Mynshull Thomas J Shelmerdyne 

his mark" 

By the minute agreed to at the meeting of the feoffees on June 
29, 1659,2 Gorton became entitled to two pounds ten shillings in 
addition to the thirty pounds already received, and the following 
memorandum written on the back of the discharge shows how 
the same was expended : 

"M"* that 45* was allowed by the ffeoffees to the fixing 
of these bookes ; viz. 18** for each xx* of bookes 
as app" by ord'' of June 29th 1659 w<^^ was thus 
p** to Edw: Walker 3 for Iron Worke done for 
the presse and to fasten the books as hinges 
locks rods &c 00 14 00 

Delivered] Hugh Boordman^ as app" by his receipt 
in the p'sence of Edm : Lees library keep' 5 & 
Thomas Lightbowne^ 31st March 1666, *Dr. 
Fulke [on the Rhemish Testament] 1 1* *Peet 
Martyrs [Commonplaces] 1 2* *Rogers 7 treatises ' 

' The three pounds nine shillings and sixpence here mentioned is the last item in 
the schedule, the books being provided before the press was procured to receive them. 
■ AnU^ p. 24. 

3 There is an Edw: Walker among the Manchester Protestors of 1641-2, No. 137. 
{Palatini NoU-book^ voL i . p. 83. ) 

4 " Hugh Bordman '* was one of the "inhabitants** of Gorton who signed the dis- 
charge in 1658. He may have been Chapclreeve at this time. 

s Edmund Lees was the first assistant librarian of the Chetham Library, under 
Richard Johnson. (See Palatint Note-book, vol ii. pp. 183-4.) 

* Thomas Lightbown was a feoffee of the Hospital and Library. 

' There is also a copy of the Srven Treaiisa in the Schedule, and both copies are 
itiU at Gorton. They are, however, different editions. See Mr. Frenches book, 
p. ija 

68 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

5* *D' Renolds on the L*** Supper [and passions 

of the soul] 3«* oi ii oo 


Mr. French has given bibliographical notices of such of the 
books as are not duplicates of those at Turton, and also states 
that the book-case and its contents were removed from the 
Chapel, in 1847, ^^ the schoolroom where they still remain. He 
also states that the number of volumes in 1856 was fifty-six, and 
as the original number was only sixty-eight, the library is almost 

' Besides the books in the Schedule, and these additions, there are, acoording to 
Mr. French's Index, copies of Bishop Jewel's Works, and TopseU's Tima Lamemia" 
turn, or an Exposition on Joell^ at Gorton. 

Mr. J. E. Bailey informs me that among the books in Mr. Crossley's library were 
three volumes, two of them being a Greek Testament, and the third, a book dated 
about 1730, containing inscriptions that they belonged to the Curates of Gorton for 
ever. This seems to imply, that in addition to H. Chetham*s bequest, a library had 
been (subsequently) bequeathed to the Church or Curates of Gorton. 

' Gorton Chapel is dedicated to St. James, not St. Thomas, as Mr. French states. 

Astley Church Library. 69 


A library of about two hundred and fifty volumes, of which 
the existence has hitherto escaped notice, is preserved in the 
Vicarage of Astley.^ No record of the founder exists, nor is any- 
thing known of the date of the foundation of the Library.^ From 
the fact, however, that in nearly every volume is the name of 
** Thomas Mort," as the owner, generally followed by the price 
he paid for them, and from the further fact that this is clearly 

■ This is the only library, the existence of which has been brought to my knowledge 
by a reply to the circular which I addressed to the Incumbents of Lancashire, and I 
am indebted to the Rev. William Hewlett, D.D., the present venerable Vicar of 
AsUey, for my knowledge of it, and for the following interesting account of his Intro- 
duction to it fifty-three years since : — 

"When I came here in the year 1831 I had gone over the house (the Vicarage) 
with the person who was in charge. On reaching the attics the door was thrown 
open, and he said 'There is nothing in there.* I said 'There is something like 
furniture,* to which he replied 'That is only the Library.' 'What do you mean by 
the Library,' I said. ' Oh! a lot of old books,' he replied. I immediately examined 
the room with the aid of a candle, and found four or five oak bookcases filled with 
books ranging from folios down to duodecimos. On my coming to reside at the 
Vicarage, I had the books brought from their dark room, and placed in my study, 
where they have since remained, though by reason of my having changed the room I 
use for a study, and the books themselves being more convenient on open shelves, 
they are not now in the old oak cases in which I found them. At the time when the 
house was uninhabited, before I came to it, a Sunday School was kept in the lower 
part of the house, and the children and others had access to the room in which the 
books were. Some time after I had been here, a woman brought a book to me and 
asked me if I would buy it. On looking at it I saw Thomas Mort (presumably the 
donor of the Library) written on the title page, and I immediately asked her where 
she had got it from. She said her husband had it given him for shaving a man. I 
of course kept the book, and said if anything of the sort occurred again I would take 
them before a magistrate." The old oak cases are still preserved in the Vicarage ; 
they are oblong in shape, with two doors opening from the centre, and quite plain, 
but of that substantial character which is generally found in 1 7th century furniture. 

* The registers (which otherwise might have afforded some clue to the donor) only 
date back to 1760. In that year the old chapel was pulled down, and a new and 
enlarged one built by the landowners, and the living was augmented by Mr. Froggat, 
of Dam House (now Astley Hall). During the re-building of the chapel, the registers, 
and other documents, were removed to Dam House, and have not been seen or heard 
of since. 

70 Old L ibraries of Lancashire. 

Thomas Mort, of Dam House, Esquire, who died in 1734, and 
who was in 1732 an especial benefactor as well of the Chapel as 
of the School, we may conclude with tolerable certainty that the 
Library was his gift ;' and it seems probable that he gave the 
books between the year 171 3, and the date of his death, 1734, 
as amongst other books there is a copy of the folio edition of 
Whitby's Paraphrase of tlie New Testament of 17 1 3 containing 
his autograph, and a statement that he gave £1 14s. od, for it. 
Besides the books which he bought, and which contain his name, 
the collection includes several, which, to judge from the names 
written in them, he inherited from his father, Adam Mort, and 
his grandfather, Thomas Mort. One or two of the volumes have 
also " Astley Chappell " written in them. 

The books form an excellent theological library for the period 
at which they were collected, and show that Thomas Mort was 
not actuated by any narrow or sectarian spirit in making the 
collection, but was desirous that the Minister of Astley should 
have access, not merely to the best English works of the pre- 
ceding century, but to the works of the Fathers, Greek as well 
as Latin, and to many valuable works of Roman Catholic and 
continental writers. 

The following are the most important and interesting volumes 
which I have noticed, but, there being no catalogue, it is probable 
that a careful and detailed examination would result in the dis- 
covery of other volumes of equal, and perhaps of greater interest* 

* The Morts were Lords of the Manor of Astley. Adam Mort, of Dam House, 
purchased the manorial rights about 1609. He built Astley Chapel about 1632, and 
endowed it ; and also left by his will money and land for charitable purposes* 
Thomas Mort, the presumed donor of the Library, was great grandson of Adam 
Mort. He was aged 88 years at his death, in 1734. For pedigree of the Morts, and 
other particulars, see Palatine Notf Book^ vol. iii., pp. 249-51. 

' Besides his autograph, Thomas Mort, in nearly every book, noted the price he 
paid for it, and I have inserted the same in the text The name (and price) is in- 
variably written on the title page of the volume, a fact to which, perhaps, the libraiy 
owes its preservation in its present complete state, as this was instrumental in recover- 
ing at least one book, which otherwise could not possibly have been identified. If 
other donors had done the same, we should not have had now to lament the dis- 
appearance of so many libraries. 

As t ley Church Library. 71 

Sacra Biblia Hebraice, Graece, et Latine cum annotationibus 
Francisci Vatabli. (Heidelberg) Ex off. Commelliana. 
1616. 2 vols, fo.^ 

Divi Ambrosii Opera. Paris. Apud Gervasum Chevalonium. 
1539. fo- {los) 

S. Athanasii Opera. (Latin). Paris. Sonnius. 1581. fo. (lOf.) 

S. Augfustini Opera. Lugduni. Juntae. 1563. i6vols. 8vo. 

Opera D. Basilii Magni . . . omnia, (Latin) Basle. Ex off. 

Hervagiana. 1540. 4 vols. fo. (5^.) 
Divi Joannis Chrysostomi Opera. (Latin) Venetiis. Apud 

Dom Nicolinum. 1583. 8 vols. 4to. 
Divi dementis (Romani) Opera (Latin). Paris. C. Guillard. 

1544. fo. (3i-.)3 
S. Cypriani Opera. Paris. 1633. fo. (8^.) 
Divi Cyrilli Alexandrini Opera Latine. Paris. Sonnius. 

1572. 2 vols, in one. fo. (ns)^ 

' Generally known as Vatable*s Polyglot. 

* Each of the i6 volumes contains the autograph of Richard Hollinworth, the Man- 
Chester Annalist, and Thomas Mort, in addition to stating the price he gave for them, 
has added "worth much more." 

' This rare and interesting volume ranks as an Editio Princfps, for although the 
several works contained in it, and there attributed to S. Clement of Rome, had been 
previously separately printed, yet they here appear collected together for the first time. 
But, besides these works, half the volume is occupied by the Epistles of S. Leo the 
Great, and other early popes, and the decrees of several early Councils, many of which 
epistles and decrees are here printed for the first time. The Canotus Apostolica are in 
Greek — the rest of the volume in Latin. The editor was John Sichard. 

Although printed at Paris by the celebrated Charlotte Guillard, during her second 
widowhood, the book seems to have been a joint venture of herself and the De la 
Portes of Lyons, for on the title of some copies, instead of the name Carola Guillard^ 
is apud Hugottcm et hotredes ^monii a Porta, 

* This edition is more nearly complete than any previous one. It was edited by 
Gentian Hervet. No part of the Greek text of S. Cyril (except one or two short 
tracts) appeared until 1591. Although this edition api^ars in the first edition of the 
Lexicon Bibliographicum of Hoffman (1832), where the Catalogue De la Bib. du Koi is 
cited as the authority for it, it is curiously enough omitted, apparently as non-existing, 
in the second and generally more full and accurate edition of the Bibl, Lexicon 
given in 1858. 

7 2 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

Sancti Epiphanii Opera Omnia. (Greek and Latin) G)loniae. 

1682. fo.i 
Eusebii Opera. (Greek) Colonise. 1688. 2 vols. fo. (;f i.)^ 
Gregorii Nazianzeni Opera. (Greek and Latin). Paris. Ex off 

Morell. 1609. 2 vols. fo. {£\ 6^.) 3 
S. Hieronymi Opera. Francfort 1684. 12 vols, in 4. fo. 

{£1 I2S. 6d.)^ 

S. Origcnis Opera. (Latin). Paris. Parvus et Ascensius. 

1 5 19. fo. (8j.)5 
Decima Tertia Centuria Ecclesiasticae Historiae. Basle. Ex 

off. Oporin. 1574. fo.^ 

* Although this book is described on the title as Editio Neva juxta Parismam 
anno 1622 adc^nuUa^ yet it is not a mere reprint of that edition, but is carefoUy edited 
by J. Thomasius, who has added several tracts not included in the Paris edition ; 
among others the oration of H. Valesius, In Petaiii mortem^ and the animadversioQS 
of Pctavius which had api^K^ared in 1624. This is still the Editio optima of Epiphlntns. 

* A reprint of the Paris edition of 162S, but badly and carelessly printed. 

■' Though calletl the second edition of the works of Gregory Nazianzen, this is really 
the first which contains all the extant works of this father, and like all the Greek im- 
pressions i>f Morell is a Kx»k of merit and interest. It is dedicated to Paul V., but 
though F. Morell says in the dedication that he has corrected the text upon seven! 
MSS., yet he has not shown so much care as might be wished. Still the text is moch 
belter than that of the Edit, Piin, given by Her\'agius in 1550, and this edition is also 
considerctl more accurate than that which succeeded it, given by Morell in 163OL 

* The K»st of the ciliiions of the works of S. Jerome which preceded the Benedic- 
tine of U^W The cilitor was Genschius. 

s Fart of the title ]vige containing the date is gone, and was so when Thomas Mort 
bi'^ughl it, as api>ears by a MS. note. It seems however, to be a copy of the second 
c\lilion of Origen, given by Parxnis and Ascensius, and edited by Jacqnes Meiiin. 
The interest of the volume lies in the .-ifWi*^ pro Origenf of Merlin, prefixed, for 
which the Syndic of the Sorlx>nne, Noel Heda, denounced Merlin to the Faculty of 
Th<.^^^u:^^ and against which he wri>te T>i,i4\->^i confra Apolopam M. Jacobi MrrUM 
(a work I have sought for, but have Ikxti unable to find). The DiaJogi were ctf oonne 
appT^nwl by the SorK>nne, as was a work of Chretien Mace, against Merlin, written 
aK>ui the same time ; but. as Merlin refusevi to submit to the judgment of the Sor- 
K^nne, the cause \^as removcil to the P-vliament. where it continued pending from 
1522 to 152(\ vihen a tinal decree made, approving the books of Beda and Mao^ 
and forbidding the reprinting of the .4p.\.\j^ of Merlin. The jodgment is given by 
I'^uplessis l^Wii^'iitre in his Cw.-.V ywufjivnirw •// ATcw ErrorUms^ toL iL p. IQl 
See alM> vol, i. Index Sententiarum, |\ iv. 

' I1\is \-olume, the eighth and last of the works of the Ce&tnriatores Magd cUu gid, 

Astley Church Library. 73 

Baronius Annales Ecclesiastici. Col. Agripp. Gymnici. 

1609. fo. (A) 
Hugonis de S. Victore Opera. Venetiis. Somaschius. 

1558. (;^I.)I 

D. Haymonis Episc. Halberstaten Homiliarum, pars iEsti- 

valis. Colon. Cervicorum. 1540.2 
S. Augustine of the Citie of God. London. i6ia fo. 

(3^. 6rf.)3 

edited by lUyricus Flaccus (M. Francowitz), the first seven of which are wanting, is de- 
serving of notice as having on the side, on a medallion, the arms of the Venables 
family, with the inscription ** Sigill. Pet. Venables, Bar, de, Kinderton.** It had no 
doubt belonged to Peter Venables, Baron de Kinderton, who was bom in 1604, and 
who died in 1669. 

A copy of the Caialogus UiHum veritatis of Illyricus Flaccus, printed at Geneva, 
1608, fo., is also in the Library. But this edition, as well as that of Lyons, 1597, was 
so much altered by the editor, S. Goulard, that it can hardly be considered the some 
work with the earlier editions given by the author himself. 

■ This book contains the autograph ** C. Mountjoye." 

■ Haymon, Bishop of Halberstadt, is said to have been a native of England, a pupil 
of Alcuin, and a relation of Bede. His works — mostly commentaries on portions of 
the Holy Scriptures, and sermons — have been reprinted by Migne, in vols. 116, 117, 
and 118, of the Patrologia. TTie original editions are all rare. 

3 T.P. is impressed on the binding of this volume, which contains the following 
MS. entries : — ** Francis Pole, given her by her deare Mother, July, 1669.** •* Thomas 
power." Mort has written : ** Thos. Mort bought of Mr. Eph' Johnson, May y* jotb 
1698, Manchest', pr. 31. 6</." The name Power appears in the Poll Book for 
Manchester (or "generation of vipers," as is written on the document in a contem- 
porary hand) for 1690, edited by Mr. Harland (CheL Soc, voU IviL). Ephraim 
Johnston vras an early Manchester bookseller, apparently dealing in both new and 
second-hand books. In the copy of the Caialcgus TesHum Veritatis before-mentioned, 
Thomas Mort has notified the fact that he gave \zs, fur the book, and has added 
*' besides what I allowed to Mr. Johnson." Hotten in his Handbook to the Topography 
and Family History of England and WcUa^ 1863, p. 1 21, gives three books (printed 
in 1697-8-9), by Thomas Gipps, Rector of Bury, as having on the title page 
"Manchester, Ephraim Johnston, Bookseller.** Johnston's name does not appear 
in the Poll Book of 1690, and it is, therefore, probable that he commenced business 
after that date. His bookselling in Manchester seems to have ended disastrously, il 
we may judge from the following extract, taken from the list of provincial booksellers 
contained in Dunton's Life and Errors, edit, of 1818, vol. i. p. 238. Speaking of 
William Clayton, a Manchester bookseller, Dunton says : — " He was apprentice to Mr. 
Johnston of the same town, but his master thinking it necessary to be a knave, and 
ms the consequence, to walk oflf, Mr. Clayton succeeds him, and has stepped into the 


74 Old L ibraries of Lancashire. 

Hales, Golden Remains. London. 1673. 4to. 

Grotius, De Veritate Religionis Christians. Amsterdam. 

Breviarum Romanum (undated). 

The Defence of the Aunswere to the Admonition against 
the reply of T[homas] C[artwright], by John Whitgift 
Printed at London by Henry Binneman for Humphrey 
Toye. Anno 1574. fo.^ 

Musicks Monument ; or a Remembrancer of the best prac- 
tical Music, both Divine and Civil, that has ever been 
known to have been in the world. By Thomas Mace. 
London. 1676. fo.^ 

Book of Homilies. London. 17 13. fo.^ 

Fox's Acts and Monuments. London. 1684. 3 vols. fo. 
(;^4 or. od) 

whole business of that place, which is very considerable, and if he hare bat prudence 
he may thrive apace.*' If we are to understand from this paragraph that Clayton 
carried on the business in Johnston's shop, its locality is at once fixed, for on the title 
(\ige of the Mathematical I^tures^ by John Jackson (which Mr. W. E. A. Axon, 
Notes and Queries^ 4th Ser., vol. iiL p. 98, believes, after the Martin Marprelate press, to 
have been the first book printed in Manchester), we find " Printed by Roger Adams 
in the Parsonage, and sold by William Clayton, Bookseller, at the Conduit, 1719.*' In 
the Poll 1k>ok for 1690, among the residents in the Conduit are "Mr. John Johnson, 
his wife, and si-^ne." llie Conduit, from whence the whole water supply of Manchesto' 
was at one time obtained, was situate at the Market Street end of the present 'N^ctoria 

' Thomas Mort has written inside this lxK)k, " Ex librisTho: Mort e dono Domini 
RUlcy Hrown," "Mr. Rizley Uwwn,*' along with ** Tho: Mort, E^.,** and others, was 
ap|H>intcd overseer of the highwa\*s for the ixirish of Leigh in 1688 (CheL Soc, 
vol. ix. i\ 177), and was one of the twelve jurors allowed by each side in the Jacobite 
tn.als at M.anchester in 1694. (Chet. Soc., voL xxviiL p. 64, and voL IzL 2iid 
part, p. 5.) 

• ThU scarce volume ci^ntains the name of ** S' Nath : Brent," no doubt the translator 
of Paul Sarpi's /j/.>ru 1/^ (^•«r, fV/t> Tndtntm<,\ and there are numerous MS. notes in 
the volume ap)xirin)tly in the same hand. 

^ ** Or. NVorthington wa> well skilleil, and delighted in music, especially T0call» 
and had an excclloni voice," {l\ar\\ Chet. Six\, vol. xiii, p. 2S.) He was a pupil 
of ThomAs Mace, K>th for viKiil music and the •• violl." (/**/ 27, 28, 29, 3a) See 
Mr. Ciavsley** note on this Ixx^k and its author, on p. 27 of the Diary, 

* This vxMume c\^ntains the inscriptiiui **This Book belongs to y* fT^pp^l of 
Asllcy, 1716, and was given by Thomas Mort, of Dam House, Esq.** 

Astley Church Library. 75 

Poole's Synopsis Criticorum. London. 1669-76. 5 vols. 

There are also the works of Andrews, Barrow, Bray, Cave, 
Chillingworth, Comber, Fuller, Heylin, Hooker, Jewel, Pearson, 
Perkins, Sanderson, Sherlock, Stillingfleet, Jeremy Taylor, Tillot- 
son, Waterland, and many others. 

' The copy of this work, and that of Fox*s Martyrs are in excellent condition. They 
have been rebound at the cost of the Rev. Dr. Hewlett. 

7 6 Old L ibraries of Lancashire. 


The Priory of St. Mary, at Cartmel, founded by William 
Mareschal, Earl of Pembroke in 1188, would no doubt possess a 
library of manuscript and printed books prior to the dissolution 
of Monasteries by Henry VI 1 1., but it would share the fate of 
most of the monastic libraries at that time. Mr. Stockdale, the 
historian of Cartmel — but without citing any authority — says : 

" A.D. 1 5 37. At the time of the dissolution of religious houses, 
the Earls of Derby and Sussex sold all the lead, bells, and church 
ornaments, as well as the beautiful manuscript books, papers* 
and documents, for a mere trifle." * 

The library now in the vestry of Cartmel Church is one of the 
most ancient, and, perhaps, the most interesting of any existing 
church library in Lancashire. The precise date of its foundation 
is doubtful, but it was certainly before the year 1629, as under 
the date July 14, of that year, the following entry appears in the 
church books : 

" It is ordered and agreed uFK)n that the churchwardens seate 
in the body of the churchc shall be enlarged both in the wideness 
and in the deske that tlu bookcs given unto t/ic church may bee 
more convenientlie laid and chained to remain there according 
to the directions of the donors."* 

In the " inventorie " of the church goods received on the 8th 
of July, 1642, the following books are included : 

■ Annales Caemwlenses : or Annals of Cartmel^ by James Stockdale. Ulverston, 
1872. 8vo., p. 3a Conishcad Priory, a near neighbour of Cartmel, was dissolved 
at the same time ; but, according to Mr. Jopling {Sketch of Furness and Cartmel^ 
London, 1843. 8vo., p. 157) two of its MSB. were then (1S43) preserved. Speak- 
ing of the present Conishead Priory (built in 1821), he says, "In the Library, are 
preserved two manuscripts belonging to the ancient Priory. One is an illuminated 
copy of the Epistles of St. Augustine, Bishop of Hippo ; and the other is a System of 
EUlucation for Princes and Nobles, grounded upon the Principles of Peripatetic Philo- 
sophy." All the contents of (the present) Conishead Priory, were sold and dispersed 
a few years after Mr. Jopling wrote. 

' Churches^ Castles^ and Ancient Halls 0/ North Ijincashire. Lancaster, 1878-&. 
4to. Part VL p. 83. 

Cartmel Church Library. 77 

" Two bibles, two books of homilies Marlorat exposition upon 
Matthew Erasmus upon y^ 4 Evangelists One book of the de- 
fence of the Church of England by Jewell 2 books of Martires."" 

In April, 1661, the same books were again included in the 
inventory of goods belonging to the church. 

The greater part of the present library was added in 1696-7 
by Thomas Preston of Holker, who, by his will, dated March 4, 
1691-2, gave and bequeathed "to the better adorning of the new 
vestry in Cartmell Church, and for furnishing the same with 
books, and for railing in the Communion table and altar, £^^0. 
. . . The books now at Cartmell Town which were formerly my 
father's I give to the Church at Cartmell to be placed in the said 
new vestry there." The testator appointed his wife and his 
daughter Catherine executors of his will, and also appointed four 
supervisors. On January 30, 1696-7, the same Thomas Preston 
executed a codicil to his will, but did not thereby alter or revoke 
the bequest of £,^0 and the books at Cartmell Town before 
mentioned. He died the next day, January 31. His widow 
and daughter proved his will and codicil on March 26, 1697.2 

' Ibid, Marlorat is wriuen ** Marlowd,'^ All these books are still in the library. 

' Thomas Preston was the second surviving son, and heir of Thomas Preston ot 
Holker, who died in 1678. From the monumental inscription to him in Cartmel 
Church, it appears that he was fifty years of age when he died in 1696-7. In Dug- 
dale's Visitation of Lancashire (Chet. Soc, vol IxxxviiL p. 235), under date 16 Sept., 
1664, he is said to be then at. 16 an, lie was twice married, his first wife being 
Mary, daughter of George Dodding, of Conishead Priory, Elsq. She died soon after 
her marriage, without issue. His second wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Sit Roger 
Bradshaigh of Haigh, Bart., by whom he had issue one daughter, Catherine. He was 
elected M.F. for Lancaster in 1690, and again in 1695 ; and it appears from the word- 
ing of the codicil to his will, that he was in London attending to his Parliamentary 
duties at the time of his death. The codicil thus begins :— '* I Thomas Preston now 
being come up to London to attend the service of the Honourable House of Commons 
assembled in Parliament of which I am a member, but now being indisposed, and 
seized with a violent sickness." He was engaged in a long but successful suit with 
his kinsman Sir Thomas Preston, of the Manor, Bart., relative to the Manor and 
Abbey of Furness, which Sir Thomas had settled on the Jesuits. Some account of it 
will be found in Burke's Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies^ 1 844 (pp. 426-428). Burke, 
however, is in error in stating (p. 428) that Sir Thomas Preston of the Manor had 
been a Catholic priest before he married, but on succeeding to the title he obtained a 

7 8 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

The books mentioned by the testator as being at Cartmel 
Town were soon afterwards deposited in the church vestry; but 
what part of the fifty pounds was spent in books, and how much 
in " adorning the new vestry," there is no record. 

In the following year (1698) the Rev. John Armstrong; then 
Vicar of Cartmel, > compiled a catalogue of the books which is 
still in existence, from which it appears that there have been 
very few additions subsequently made to the books so be- 
queathed. In 1822 a second catalogue of the books was made; 
probably by Mr G. Strickland, a churchwarden in that year. 

In the Reverend John Armstrong's catalogue the books are 
arranged, with one or two exceptions, under the authors' names 
in alphabetical order, that is to say, all the names banning 
with A are put together, but without regard to the second or 
succeeding letters of the name. Besides the author's nam^ and 

dispensation from the pope, as according; to Oliver {Collections towards iUusirmiimg At 
Biographies of the Scotch, English^ and Irish Members, S.y. Elxeter, 1838. 8vo. 
p. 1 6a) and Foley {Records of the English Province of the Society of Jesus^ 1875-83. 
vol. V. p. 358-f ), it was only after the death of his second wife in 1673, when he was 31 
years of age, that he entered the Society of Jesus, and he never advanced bejrond 
the condition of Novice, or Lay-brother. The fact that his first wife died before he 
was 21 (Dugdale's Visitation^ Chet. Soc, vol. IxxxviiL p. 236, where the name of 
his first wife is given, which neither Oliver or Foley could ascertain) is alone sufficient 
to disprove Burke's statement. The inventory of the goods of Thomas Preston of 
Holker, who died in 1696-7, amounted to ;^i»5o6 15/. The above extract from hb 
will is taken from a longer one, which, together with the codicil, is contained in the 
AnncUes Caermolenses (p. 278). Canon Raines {Motitia Cestriensa, Chet. Soc., 
vol. xxii. p. 499), is in error in stating that it was the Thomas Preston who died in 
1678 who left the Library to Cartmel Church, it was his son Thomas, as above men- 
tioned, who died January 31, 1696-7. 

' The Rev. John Armstrong, B.D., was Vicar of Cartmel from 1665 to 1698, in the 
month of September of which year he died. ** He seems to have been,** says the 
Rev. William ffolliott {Cartmel Parish and Parish Church and Sermons prtacked 
therein^ London, 1854, p. 21), "a laborious painstaking man, and published a 
book called Secret and family prayers . . . and a Sermon bound with it." Watt 
says he was also Rector of Astwick, Bedfordshire, and gives the title of one Sermon 
by him. The SouTs Work and Danger ^ a Sermon on Matt, xvi, 26. 1704. I2mo. 
But I find no copy of cither of these, or, indeed, of any book or tract by him in the 
British Museum. 

Cartmel Church Library. 79 

the short title, there is added a price to each book, and Roman 
and Arabic numerals indicating a system of shelf arrangement ; 
but neither the dates when the books were printed, nor their 
sizes are given. It seems, however, quite clear that most, if not 
all, of the prices affixed to the volumes are not the sums actually 
paid for them, but are rather their estimated value when the 
worthy Vicar compiled the catalogue, as many of the books had 
belonged to Thomas Preston's father, and would be those men- 
tioned in the will as being at Cartmel Town. Of the fifty 
pounds left by the will, it is probable that some part would be 
spent in adorning the vestry, and the value of the books, accord- 
ing to Mr. Armstrong's catalogfue, is over sixty-nine pounds. 
The catalogue is written on two large sheets of paper, each 
divided into three columns, the first sheet containing the books 
from A to M, the second from N to Z. At the end of the 
catalogue is a list of eight of the books which were missing, 
when the library was examined in 1822 by G. Strickland, 
churchwarden. Then follows : 

" 1854. June 7. Backed with Calico and bound with Riband 
by William and Agnes Field." 

On the back of the first sheet is written : 

" This catalogue was made by the Rev. John Armstrong B.D. 
who was Incumbent of Cartmel 33 years and died September 
1698. Its present back and binding were added to it June 1854 
by Mr. Field of Cartmel, and his granddaughter Miss Agnes 
Field. Mr. Field transcribed the two sheets of this catalogue at 
the same time, which must be considered a wonderful piece of 
work for a man of his great age, 85. June 1854. W. ff."^ 

On the back of the second sheet is written : 

** Ancient Catalogue of the Books in Cartmel Ch : vestry 

' Mr. Field's timely help certainly saved the catalogue from destruction, as it must 
at this time have been very much dilapidated. Mr. Field and his (granddaughter 
mounted the catalogue on calico, and bound the edges with silk. '* W. ft/* the 
writer of the memorandum, will be the Rev. William flblliott, a former curate of 
Cartmel, and the author of Cartmd Parish^ &c., before mentioned, and also of 
CartnuUomana, Lx>ndon. 1850. 

8o Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

drawn up by the Rev<i John Armstrong Incumbent of Cartmel 
Abt 1698." 

The second catalogue was made as before mentioned in 1822, 
and at the same time the books were re-arranged and numbered 
consecutively, making Armstrong's catalogue valueless as a help 
in finding the books. The date of printing is given in the 
catalogue of 1822, to each of the books, but unfortunately in 
many cases it is incorrect. The pamphlets are placed together 
in a separate list. This catalogue, which is in a wood frame, 
hangs in the vestry, but the ink is so much faded that half of the 
entries are entirely unreadable, and the library is at present 
virtually without a catalogue. 

The Cartmel library consists of two hundred and ninety-four 
volumes or thereabouts, which stand on open shelves in the 
vestry. They arc, generally speaking, fine copies, but the bind- 
ings of many volumes are in very poor condition.* Thirty or forty 
the volumes arc without backs, and have been tied together by 
the present Rector with a view to their preservation. Many of 
the books contain printed and MS. matter at the beginning and 
end, which deserves a careful examination ; and there are some 
good specimens of early stamped bindings. The autographs of 
Thomas Preston, the donor of the library, and of Thomas 
Preston, his father, as well as of members of the Bradshaigh 
family, occur in many of the volumes. 

As might be expected from a church library, the books are 
principally theological, but there are in addition a certain number 
of Latin and Greek classics, and works on natural science, and a 
few English non-theological works. The theological books form 
a striking contrast to those of the church libraries founded by 
Humphrey Chetham, as but few Puritan writers appear. Most 
of the Fathers, and the great English theologians of the sixteenth 
and seventeenth centuries, whether writing in English or Latin, 

' The parish clerk (Mr. W. Lancaster), ^^ith a laudable desire to presenre tbe 
books, has patched some of the bindings, but, as may be imagined, not always with 
the skill of a Zaehnsdorf or a Bedford. 

Cartmel Church Library, 8i 

are to be found ; also several schoolmen, and not a few Roman 
Catholic controversial writers.^ Two or three books in German 
are an unusual feature in an English library formed in the seven- 
teenth century. 

The two books, which have been several times cited in notices 
of this library as of the most interest and value, are a copy of 
Spenser's Fairy Queen of 1 596, and a Virgily which figures in 
the catalogue of 1822 as dated 1509 ; but, alas ! an examination 
of these volumes shows that the Spenser, though rare and 
interesting, is only the second part of the Fairy Queen, and that 
the Virgil is a volume containing the Georgics and Bucolics, 
with the notes of Ramus, printed at Frankfort in 1584 and 1590 
respectively, instead of 1509, as stated in the catalogue. 

The earliest volume in the library is a portion (being two 
volumes, the fifth and sixth) of the Semtones Medicinales of 
Nicolas Falcucci or Falcutius. Sermo quintus de membris na- 
turalibus. Sermo sex tus de membris generationis, Venetiis. Ber- 
nardinum de Tridino de Monteferrato. M.CCCCLXXXXI. fo.^ 

' These, no doubt, came from the Bradshaigh family, the members of which were 
lealous Roman Catholics up to the death of Roger Bradshaigh, in 1 641. {Burkes 
Dormant and Extinct BaronftcUs, 1844, P* 79») The copy of the Works of 
S. Gregory Nyssen, in the library, contains the name ** Roger Bradshaigh, 1629," no 
doubt the Roger who died in 1641, and whose great granddaughter married Thomas 
Preston, the donor of the library. 

■ This book does not appear in the catalogue of 1698. The two volumes arc 
bound together, and arc fine copies, in the original stamped leather binding, with 
clasps. On the fly leaf at the beginning is written the following : " S' having 
nothinge to send you towards house I have sent you something towards your closet 
w«*» I desire you to acccpte from yo* Servant La : Hawonh. 1 641." Nicholas de 
Falcucci, the author of the book, was a Florentine, who lived in the fourteenth cen- 
tury, and his Sermona Medkinales are a kind of encyclopxdia of medical science, 
based, it would seem, principally on Avicenna. The first edition was given at Pavia, 
by Damianus de Binascho, in 1484. This, of Tridino, is the second, and will be found 
described most minutely by I Iain {Repcriorium Bibliographicum^ vol. ii. pt. I, p. 490). 
According to Hain neither of the editions of Pavia or of Venice comprise more than 
seven Strmones, but. according to Gcsner (Bibiiothtca^ p. 520), the work to be com- 
plete should consist of eight volumes (or sermons), and he gives a long extract 
from the preface of the author, with a brief statement of the contents of each Sermon, 
which concludes with '*Octavus erit de medicinis simplicibus et compositis, in quo 


82 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

The following seem to be among the more interesting volumeSf 
the titles and prices being given as entered in Armstrong's cata- 
logue :* 

I o o Athanasius.2 

o 10 6 Alstedii encyclopaedia.^ 

continentur sccundus ct quintus Caii Avicennac*' According to Branet, neither the 
edition of 1484, nor that of 1491, arc of any value. But it is certain that the work 
throws much light on the state of medical science in the 14th century, and 
more attention than it has received. 

Ilie only independent account of Nicolas Falcucci — of whom veiy little is 
is that contained in Tiraboschi {Sforui Jella Letteratura Italiana^ vol. v. p. 382), ftom 
which the notices in the Bio^aphics Universelle and GMhrale are taken. Hain, with 
Jocher, and other bibliographers, confounds Nicolas Falcucci with Nicolas of Salenio^ 
the author of the well known Antidotarium, 

' I at first thought of printing this catalogue in full, but have come to the ooo* 
elusion that to do so would serve no useful purpose. If the prices in the catalogue 
were those really j^aid for the books, 1S7 years ago, they would be interesting bat 
they are, as before stated, clearly only estimates ; and as the catalogue never gives 
the date or edition of any work, and is often inaccurate or misleading in what it doea 
give, it does not eiial)lc the books to be accurately identified, and is, therefore* of bat 
little interest. Mr. Cree devoted several hours on November 28, 1884, to the libraiy, 
and examined each of the books noticed in the text to which the date is appended. 
Several volumes, of which the entries in the catalogue seemed to promise some matter 
of interest, he was unable to find, while on the other hand some of the most interesting 
volumes do not appear in the catalogue. It would take, at least, a week's work 
among the books to prepare such notes and details respecting them, as would alone 
justify the printing of the catalogue here in extenso. It is, however, much to be 
wished that the library should be thoroughly examined, and a proper and aocmate 
catalogue made. 

I must here especially thank the Rev. F. H. Paley, M.A., the present Vicar of 
Cartniel, for the trouble he has taken, and the assistance he has given me in the 
matter of this library. 

' The edition of 1627 {Grace ft Latine\ printed at Paris by Sonnius, and edited by 
J. Piscatori. It is the second edition of the Greek text, and though inferior to the 
€ditio princt'ps in every way, is more carefully editecl, and more accurately printed than 
that of Lcipsic of 1687 ; but all three (like most of the editions of the Fathers in this 
library) were completely effaced by the excellent Benedictine edition. The 
tine Athanasius was given in 1698. 

3 Though absolutely useless for any practical purpose at the present day, the 
clopadia of Johann Ileinrich Alsted ought always to be remembered with gratitude^ as 
one of the earliest works in which a methodical abridgement of all sciences is attempted. 

Cartmel Church Library. 83 

7100 St. Augustine's works, 10 volumes [Basle. Froben. 

1528-9. fo.] 
050 Aquinas his Prima Secundae [Ven. Locatellus. 

1 506. fo.] 
050 Ammianus Marcellinus translated by Holland.^ 
010 Acontii stratagemata Satana.^ 
010 Alardi [Amstelredami] similitudines ex Bibliis 

sacris. [Lugd. 1543. 4to]. 

And, although the name Eruychpadia was not invented by him (it had previously 
been used by Ringelbergius, and perhaps by J. M. Acquaviva), this is the earliest ex- 
tant work of any magnitude bearing this title. Alsted says, at the outset of his work, 
"est comprehensio rerum omnium in hac vita discendarum. " The first edition, of 
which this seems to be a copy, was printed at Herbom in 1620. The two later 
editions, that given by the author at Herbom in 1630, 2 vols, fo., and the reprint 
published at Lyons in 1649, after his death (copies of both are in the Brit. Mus.), con- 
txiin much more than this. Each of them is Sfptem tomis distimta^ and includes the 
following matters : i. Praecognita disciplinarum libris quatuor. ii. Philologia libri 
sex. iii. Philosophia theoretica libris decem. iv. Philosophia practica libris quatuor. 
V. Tres superiores facultates libris tribus. vi. Artes mechanics libris tribus. 
▼ii. Farragines disciplinarum libris quinque. " The book," says the late T. Watts, in 
an article on " Encyclopaedias" in the Quarterly Review (vol. 113), "is composed in 
a most ambitious vein, and in one place the author bursts out : 'I would rather be torn in a 
thousand pieces than give up the hope of reaching the very summit of immortal fiune !*" 
Alsted*s work, though full of imperfections, errors, and inaccuracies, was yet of great 
use at the time when it appeared (1620), and obtained great popularity. We may 
apply to its author the language which Bayle used of Moreri : " I am of the opinion 
of Horace with respect to those who show us the way. The earliest writers of die- 
tionaries have committed many faults, but they have performed great services, and 
they ought not to be deprived by their successors of the glory which is their due.'* 
Alsted was a man of extraordinary industry, as b proved by the number of books (up- 
wards of sixty) written by him before the age of forty-five, when he died. His con- 
temporaries made an anagram of his name AlsUdius^ calling him Stdtdiias, Several 
others works written by him are at CartmeU 

' This translation of the History of Ammianus Marcellinus (London, Islip, 1609, 
fo. ), was the first, and only English translation until the appearance of that made by 
C. D. V'onge, and published in Bohn's Classical Library, in 1862. 

' The Stratagemata Satame is the most celebrated work of the learned theologian 
Jacopo Acontio, or Aconzio, one of the earliest writers against capital punishment in 
cases of heresy, and in favour of toleration. An excellent notice of him and his 
books, from the pen of Mr. H. R. Tedder, will be found in the Dictionary of 
National Biography, 

84 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

o I o i£lianus various history English«i 

o i8 o Bcrnardi Opera [LugdunL Giuntae. 1538. fo.] 

650 Binius of ye general Coucils 10 tomes.* 

010 Brerelys Protestant Apology.^ 

* " ^ Registre of Hy stories conttining Martiall exploUn ef worthy warrimrs^ pM" 
tique practices of Civil Magistrates, wise sentences of famous philosophers^ amd oiker 
matters manifolde and memorable. Written in Greeke by JElianus a R am u im e^ amd 
delivered in English {as loell according to the truth of the Greeke Text, as of ike L/oHm^ 
by Abr. Fleming. Imprinted at London for Thomas IVoodcocke, 1576." 410. The 
first English translation. 

' Severinus Uinius, Canon of Cologne, gave the third edition of his great collection 
of Concilia^ in 1638, in lo vols. fol. His notes are little more than extracts from 
Bcllarmin, Suarez, and Baronius, and have all a strong ultramontane tendency. He 
has also made many conjectural emendations of the text without regard to the MSS., 
so that Usher has called him not emcfidator, but contaminator eond/iorum^ The best 
account of Uinius and his work is to be found in Possevin, Apparatus Sater^ and 
Valerius Andreas, Bibliotluxa Belgica. Sec also Salmon, Traitide tHudes des Comeiies, 

3 A copy of the second eilition of the famous controversial work of James Andeston 
of Lostock, published under the name of John Brerelcy, priest, the ablest contro- 
versial work on the Roman Catholic side produced by an Englishman in the 
seventeenth century. Bishop Morton, who answered it in his Catholike AppoaUJor 
Protestant Sf London, 1 610, 4to. (copies are in the Turton and Gorton libraries)^ 
speaks of it in terms of great respect and admiration. The fact that the anthor was a 
la>inan, and a lawyer, and not a professed theologian, adds to its interest. Its title 
is " The Protestants Apology for the Roman Church, Divided into three snerai 
Tracts, Whereof the first concertieth the Antiquity and Continuance ef the Roman 
Church and Religion ever since the Apostles time ; the second I That the Protestamts 
Religion ilhis not so much as in bang at or before Luther's first appearing, 2 That the 
marks of the true church are appertaining to the Romany and wholly vaemtimg ta the 
several Churches begun by Luther and Calvin ; the Thirds Thai Cathoiics art no less 
loyall atid dutifull to their Suveraigne than Protestants^ all which is undertaken and 
proved by testimonies of the learned Protestants themsdves. With a conclusion to the 
Reverend judges and other the learttetl sages of the law. By John Brerelejr, Priest. 
Permissu Superiorum. Anno M.D.CVIII. 4to.*' The first edition according to Dodd 
{Church History^ vol. 11. p. 3S6) was printed in 1604, and Oliver {Coll, iUustrating ike 
Biog. of Members^ S,y.^ p. 102) says that it contains 191 pp. It was suppressed hy 
the author as far as possible, and copies of it are now very rare. The second edition^ 
of which the above is a copy, contains over 800 pp. and is also rare. There was 
no third edition (in English) as stated in the notices of Anderton in the Biog, Diet* 
S. 1). U. K., and the Diet. IVat. Bio;;. The writers have misunderstood the state- 
ment of Dodd. In the year 16 15, the work was translated into LAtin by William 
Kaynicr a Doctor of the Sorl>onne, and pri.ited by Cramoisy, at Paris, in 4to., and 
according to Draudius {Bib, Class,, 1625, p. 184) a second edition was given in 1617, 

Cartmel Church Library. 85 

030 Bales lives of y« Popes [London, 1574]. 
o 18 o Bellarmin Controversiae. 8 volumes. 

also by Cramoisy. In Gee*s Foot out of the Snare^ London, 1624, 4to., in the list 
"of such English books ... as have been reprinted or dispersed by the priests and 
other agents in this kingdom within these two last years past or thereabouts " is the 
following: — "The Protestants Apology written by Brerely, reprinted and sold for 
seventeene shillings, and might be afforded for six shillings or less." 

It would seem from the " Advertisement " at the end of the Apology^ that it was 
not entirely the composition of Anderton. He says : " I must acknowledg, that a 
good part of this labour was the collection of a Worshipful and Reverend Preist, 
gathered togeather before he entred into holy orders." 

James Anderton was the eldest son of Christopher Anderton of Lostock. He was 
bom in 1557, and adopted his father's profession of a lawyer. In 1582 he married 
Margaret, daughter of Edward Tyldesley, of Morleys, Esq., but had no issue. In 
1590 he was Prothonotary of the Duchy Court of Lancaster, and one of the 
farmers of the goods of outlaws, and a receiver of the Duchy for sundry ports. 
(Gibson, Lydiate Hall and its Associations^ 1876, 4to. p. 5S.) In 1592 his &ther 
died, and he succeeded to the estates. Mr. Gibson (p. 55) has an interesting account 
of how Christopher Anderton acquired the Hey ton estates, and of the tradition 
attached thereto ; he also refers to the lawsuit James Anderton had with the tenants 
of Hey ton, but he cannot have seen the will of Roger Heyton ( Wills and Inventories 
Chet. Soc., voL IL p. 188), which shows the transaction in an entirely different 
aspect, and one very discreditable to James Anderton. In 1600 James Anderton*s 
name occurs in the Shuttleworth Accounts (Chet. Soc., vol. xxxv. p. 123-4), as 
paying the tithes of Heaton and other places. In 1602 "Jacobus Andertonn de 
Lostock Armiger " appears amongst the Foreign Burgesses on the Roll of the Preston 
Guild Merchant {Preston Guild Rolls ^ Record Soc, vol ix. p. 54), and in 1 61 2 he was 
associated with the Escheator and Feodary of the County of Lancaster, as special 
commissioner on the Inquisition Post Mortem of John Allen, gentleman (Rec. Soc, 
vol. iii. p. 197.) He was also a Justice of the Peace. His Inquisition Post Mortent 
was in Easter Term, 14 Jas. I (1616-7). (Rec Soc, vol. viL p. 178). Mr. Gibson, 
misled by the Printed Calendars (see Rec. Soc, vol iii. p. xvi.), states that he died 
in 1 618. I have only found two references to h'ls wife aAcr her marriage, namely, that 
in the will, dated 1586, of her father, Edward Tyldesley (Chet. Soc, N.S.. voL iii. 
p. 132), and that given below, to the effect that she was a recusant in 1590. 

According to Mr. Gibson (p. 60) "James Anderton signed the lojral address to 
Queen Elizabeth in 1585, as well as the one presented to King James on his accession," 
and probably was a " dangerous temporiser." In 1587 he paid two visits to Knowsley, 
one of them on a Sunday, when Parson Leigh of Standish preached {Stanley Papers^ 
pt. ii. Chet. Soc, vol. xxxi. pp. 28, 62). In the "Vewe of y« State of y« Countic 
I^alatinc of Lane, both for Religion and Civil Govermct " (Gibson, 243-50) is 
" Prcgnotor [sic] at Lancaster. James Anderton of Lostocke, Esq. Backwarde in 
religion, his wife a recusant Lately reformed, and so his moother also." He was 

86 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

2 Bellarminus de Scriptoribus Ecdesiastids. 

one of the magistrates who in 1612, issued the order to enforce in Lancashire^ the law 
of 1605 relative to the attendance at church, &c., of recusants (Gibson^ p 270), and in 
161 3, his name is appended to an order for the disarming of recusants. "Sncfa an 
employment," Mr. Gibson remxuks (p. 60), " could not have been veiy congenial to a 
consistent Catholic*' 

Writing before 1740, the author of Dodds' Church History asserts that Brerdey ''ia 
either a fictitious name, or at least assumed by James Anderton of Lostodcy in 
Lancashire, a person of singular parts and erudition, as well as master of a plentiful 
estate; who, having published several controversial writings assumed the name of 
Brercley in order to conceal his person, and secure himself against the penalties he 
might incur upon that account." This was, undoubtedly, the generally accepted 
tradition, and no trace of any such person as John Brereley is to be found. A strong 
corroboration of Dodds* statement is contained in a letter, written in Mardi« 1656^ 
less than 40 years after Anderton's death, by Father John Clarke^ Rector of the 
English College at Liege, to the Father General, announcing the death of Father 
Henry Holland. Clarke says : " He alone among a great company of the g i a ve at 
Fathers was selected to hear the first confession of that very celebrated man, justly 
ranked among the most learned men of his day — Mr. James Anderton of Loatock, the 
author of that very erudite work entitled the Apologie of Protestants.** (Fotej, 
Records of the Engiish Pravitue of the Society of Jesus^ vol iil p. 49a) Dr. Oliver 
(p. 102), however, questions whether James Anderton was the author, but apparently 
merely on the ground that the name of John Brereley appears on the title page^ and 
Mr. Gibson (Foley, vol. iii. p. 490) takes the same view, "from the character J. A. had 
as a keen lawyer, and from his apparent indifference in matters of religion." Gee, in 
the book before mentioned, says : ** There was a printing press supprest aboot some 
3 yecrs since in Lancashire where all Brerely his works and many other Pc^nsh 
pamphlets were printed.*' But certainly the second edition of the ProiiUtmft 
Apology was not printed at this Lancashire press, but abroad, probably at SL Omer. 
(Roger ^Vnderton, a younger brother of James, and a cousin, James Anderton of 
Clayton, have also been suggested as authors of the books attributed to Brerelej, bat 
apparently without any solid foundation.) 

The latest notice of James Anderton, in the Dictionary ofNatumal Biegrapky^ is 
little more than a reprint of that contained in the Dictionary of the Society for the 
Diflusion of Useful Knowledge, by Thomas Watts. Nothing is added except the 
title of one book not known to Watts. It is to be regretted that the writer did not 
consult the books of Gibson, Foley, Oliver, and others cited in this note, which 
throw so much additional light upon James Anderton*s life. The writer re-asserts the 
erroneous statement of Watts "that it seems probable, in spite of Dodd*s positive 
assertion to the contrary, that James Anderton was a priest and a younger brother.** 
Wliatcver else is doubtful, it is certain that James Anderton was a layman, and the 
eldest son of Christopher Anderton. (I am indebted to Mr. John Cree for the 
materials for this note, the length of which is, I hope^ justified by the interert of the 
subject matter. ) 

Cartmel Church Library. 87 

060 Canon's Chronicle, 2 volumes.' 

* Carion*s Chronicle, one of the most popular books of the sixteenth and seven- 
teenth centuries, has had a remarkable history. Johann Canon, the reputed author, 
a professor of mathematics at Frankfort on the Oder, published an Ephemerides and a 
Treatise on Astrology^ neither of which brought him any reputation ; but his name 
has become celebrated, as Bayle has remarked, by a chronicle which he did not write, 
and which has been printed an infinite number of times. But in the long and 
interesting note, in which Bayle purports to narrate the history of the book, he has 
fallen into more errors than he has corrected, owing to not having had before him the 
editions he describes, and so having been obliged to rely upon the imperfect and 
sometimes erroneous descriptions of others. An examination of twenty-seven editions 
and translations, copies of which are in the British Museum, enables me to give, for 
the first time, an accurate history of the book. Canon wrote a chronicle (as it would 
seem in Latin), and sent it to Melanchthon with a request that he would, after 
correcting it, cause it to be printed. Melanchthon completely re-wrote it in German, 
and then caused it to be printed at Wittemberg, in 1532, under the name of Carion. 
In a letter to Camerarius (Lib. iv. Ep. 117), he says: "Carion misit hue %pw%m 
excudenda, sed e& lege, ut ego emendarenL Sunt multa scripta negligentius. 
Itaque ego totum opus retexo, et quidem Germanice^ et constitui complect! praecipuas 
mutationes maximorum ImperionmL '* And Peucer, in the preface to his edition, says : 
"Cum Johannes Carion Mathematicus ante annos quadraginta csepissit contexere 
Chronicum, et recognoscendum illud atque emendandum, priusquam prelo suhjiceretur, 
misisset ad Phil. Melanchthonem, hie, quod parum probaretur, totum abolevit una 
litura, alio conscripto, cui tamen Carionis nomen pracfixit.** The book — a veiy poor 
one it must be confessed, whether it had Melanchthon or Carion for its author— >8oon 
became popular. It was reprinted in 1538, and was translated into Latin by 
Herman Bonn, Minister of Lubeck, and printed at Haltt Sutcorum (Hal) in 
Wirtemberg) in 1537. This translation was frequently reprinted, sometimes with 
trifling additions. Five reprints are in the British Museum, and I have found several 
others elsewhere noticed. Translations were also made from it into English by 
Walter Lynne (London, 1550) ; French, by Jean Le Blond (Lyons, 1549, 1583, 1609, 
1610; Paris, 1550, 1553, 1575); Italian (Venice, 1548); Spanish (Anvers, 1549) 
and Dutch (Dordrecht, 1586). Melanchthon finding how popular it had become 
re- wrote it, this time in Latin, in 1558. In the preface he makes no reference to his 
share in the original work, but speaks of " the translation made about twenty years 
before, by H. Bonn, of the book called Carion's Chronicle.** This translation, he 
says, was so popular that " retexendam esse judicavi non tam ut augerem (etsi quacdam 
addidi, tamen compcndii modus servandus est) quam ut phrasin Germanicam quam 
interpretes suo quodam consilio studiosus rrtinuerat cum quidem facundius et disertus 
esset propter adolescentes et exteros imitarem. ** This is the only reference to either 
Carion or Bonn, but, notwithstanding Melanchthon*s statement, it is an entirely new 
work« and I have found scarcely anywhere, even a trace of the original book. In 
his letter to Camerarius, before quoted, he speaks of Carion as "Candidas et 

88 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

009 Cooke's Pope Joane. 

026 Catechismus Romanus. [Antwerp, 1619.] 

Caesaris Commcntarii. London. Hatfield, 159CX 


010 Gierke de Aulico.^ 

Suevioc simplicitatis plurimum refercns." According to Bayle, the edition given by 
Melanchthon in 1558, contained only two books, and was augmented in the ibllowiDg 
year by a second part. Tlic earliest edition that I have seen is of 1560 (5.1.), which 
contains three l>o«jks, bringing the chronicles down to the reign of the Empress Irenes 
A.I). 800. After the death of Melanchthon, Pcucer, his son-in-law, oontinaed the 
work, and gave a fourth book in 1562, bringing it down to the death of Frederic II. ; 
and a fifth in 1565, coming down to 1519; and in 1572, 1576^ and 1580^ reprinted 
the wh(jle, as well his own books as those of Melanchthon. (A copy of the edition 
of 1 576* Geneva, 2 vols, 8vo, from De Thou's library, painted citron morocco^ with 
arms and monogram of De Thou and his second wife, was in the Beckford sale^ 
No. 1592. It was lK)ught by Quaritch for £\z ly., and was afterwards oflered fay 
him for £7.%,) In the edition of 15S0, a copy of which is in the British Museum, are 
two excellent woodcut p<irtraits of Melanchthon. The new work soon surpassed the 
old one in popularity, and innumerable editions appeared. Copies office are in the 
British Museum, and I have noted references to thirteen others. That at Cartmd is 
the eilition of Frankfort, printed by Feyrabendt, 1 594, 4to. It was translated into 
French by Simon Goulard ((leneva, 1 579, 1580, 1611 ; Paris, 1595), and into 
German (Wittemberg, 1573; Frankfort, 1666). 

Bayle is in error in sup|K>sing that of the two books which bear the name of 
Carion's Chronicle^ Carion was the author of one, and Melanchthon of the other. 
The only edition which he had seen of the translation of H. Bonn, is that of Paris^ 
1653, where the name of Honn does not appear, and finding it an altogether different 
work from that of Melanchthon, printed in 1558 — a copy of which he had seen — he 
came to the conclusion that Carion, being displeased with the edition altend and 
re- written in German by Melanchthon, and printed by him in 1532, printed the book 
as he originally wrote it, and that the edition of Paris was a reprint of Canon's 

There is an interesting dissertation, Dc Joh. Carione sub praside D, S* MmUeri^ 
by L. Kulmichius, Altdorf, 1698, 410, and one by J. C. Dommerich, EpUioia di 
y. Carionis Chfonica, I750, Is cited by Brunet. Dommerich says that he had seen 
twenty-eight editions of the Chronicle, 

' The second Latin edition, printe<l in England, of Caesar's Commenianes^ and, like 
all the few Latin classics printed in this country in the sixteenth century, veiy nre: 
No copy of either this or the first edition, printed by Hatfield and Newton, 1585, b 
in the Hritish Museum. This book does not api)car in Armstrong's catalogue. 

' This is a copy of the first e<lition of Gierke's Latin translation of the Cothgiati9 
of Castiglione — one of the most popular books of the sixteenth centnij. The 

o i6 

o 8 


o i8 


Cartmel Church Library. 89 

006 Cambrays Cauteles & canon of y« masse.* 

on o Cyrilli Hierosolymitani Opera. [Gr. et Lat 

Morell. 1 63 1, fo.] 
on o Cyrilli Alexandrini Opera. [Paris. Sonnius. 

1572 fo.] 
2 10 o Chrysostomi Opera, 3 volumes. [Lat Basle. 

Hervagius. 1539. fo.] 

K. Charles y* 1st his works. [London. 1662. fo.] 

Cypriani Opera [Basle. Hervagius. ISS^- f*°] 

dementis Alexandrini Opera. [Gr. et Lat. 

Lugd Bat Ex off. Commell. 1616. fo.] 

o I o Cornelius Agrippa de vanitate scientiarum. 

[1531. 8vo.] 

following is the title : Barth, Castilionis . . . ZV Curiali sive Auiico libri quatuor, ex 
Itaiuo Sirmofu in Latinum conversi B. CUrhe . . . inUrprete Non ante aditi, 
Apud J. Dayum. Londini, 157 1. 8vo. 

' A very rare and interesting volume lies hidden under this extraordinary misdescrip- 
tion. The following is the title of the book : 

7Vu Cauteles Canons and Ceremonits of the Most Blasphemous ahhominable and 
monstrous Popish Masse, Togither, The Mass intituled of The body of Jesus Christ, 
Fully and wholy set down both in Latine and Englishes The Latine faithfully tahen out 
of the Masse Booke after the Romish use Imprinted at Lyons by John Cambray^ In the 
year a thousand five hundred and twenty ^ The title whereof hereafter on the next page, 
IVith certain Annotations for the understanding of the text, set forth by the godly and 
learned Minister in the Church of God Peter Viret and translated out of French into 
English by Tho: St4j{cker'\ Gent. Imprinted at London by Thomas Vautrollier for 
Andrew Maunsell dwelling in Paules Churchyardc at the signe of the brazen serpent. 
15S4. (A copy is marked in Quaritch*s Catalogue, 1884, £2 lOr.) 

Viret 's originxd was fir^t printed at Lyons in 1 563. Two editions were given at the 
same place in 1564, and it was reprinted at Lcyden in 1605. (A Dutch translation 
was given in 1 568. ) Each Cautela is given in the original Latin, and then translated 
by Viret into French (and by Stocker into English), and then follows a sentence or two 
turning it into ridicule. Viret not only refers in his title to the edition of the Missal, 
from which he has taken his ** cauteles,** but prints on the following page the precise 
title of the work (which is also repeated in the English edition) it is as follows : 
Missale ad Sacro santttt Ecclesice Romctna usum nunc cum variis additamentis, ^f*e, 
Imprcssum Lugd. Anno Domini Mille&imo Quingcntesimo per Joannem Mooljme 
(in the French Moellyn) alias de Cambraye. Hut I have not found this Missal 
elsewhere cited. It is not among the books given by Pauzer, as printed by Jean de 
Moyllin, alieu Cambray, nor among the Missals enumerated by Brunet. 


90 Old Libraries of LanccLskire. 

090 Epiphanii Opera. [Col. Agripp. Hierat. 1617. 

004 Egerton's Post-nati (Ellesmeres). [l6cx>. 4to.] 

Eaton's Quakers confuted' 
100 Fox his Acts and Monuments.' 
018 o Gregorii primi Opera 2 volumes. [Basle. FrobexL 

1564. fo.] 
o 14 o Gregorii Nysseni Opera [Col. Agripp. Hierat 

161 7. fo.] 
o 12 o Gregorii Nazianzeni Opera [Paris. Benenatum. 

1569. fo.] 
013 o Hilarii Opera [Paris. 163 1. fo.] 
026 Herodoti historia latin & English.^ 

' The Quakers confuted, being an Answer in Nineteen Queries propomndid by ikem^ 
and sent to the Elders of the Church of Duckinfield in Cheshire; wherein is kdd forth 
much of the doctrine and practice concerning revelations and immediate voica^ amd 
against the Holy Scriptures Christs Ministry Churches and Ordimamces ^e. 
Together with an Answer to a letter which was writien and sent by one ef them to a 
Family of Note ami Quality, in the said County which pleaded for perfeeHtm in this Kfe^ 
and for Quaking. By Samuel Eaton, Teacher in the Church of Christ heretofore 
meeting at Duckinfield, now in Stockport in Cheshire. London printed by R. White 
for Thomas Brewster, 1654, 4to. The author was the son of Richard Eaton, Vicar 
of Great Budworth, Cheshire. Some account of him and his writings will be 
found in Wood's A thence (eilition of 181 3, vol. iii. p. 672), where it b stated that the 
above-mentioned tract was " animadvcrtc<l on by George Fox the Quaker in Tke 
Great Mystery of the great Whore unfolded .... London, 1 659, fa See also 
Hibbcrt -Ware's Collegiate Church, vol. i p. 242 et seq. ; Life of Adam Martimdaie 
(Chet. Soc., vol. VI.) passim, Chetham Miscellanies (Chet. Soc., voL xzxvii. p. 1 1 5); 
and Newcome's Diary and Autobiography (Chet. Soc, vols, xviii, zxvL, xxvii). 
The book though in Armstrong's Catalogue is not priced. 

' A copy of the edition of 16 10 in 2 volumes, in poor condition. Both Tolnmes 
have been chained, and arc probably the "2 books of Martires** mentioned in the 
Minute of 1629. 

3 This entry must refer to two distinct and separate editions of Herodotus^ one 
Latin and the other English, which arc now in the Library, as there was no Latin- 
English edition publibhed before 169S that I am aware of. The one in Latin is that 
given by C. Wechel, Frankfort, 1584, and the following is the title of the English 
translation : The Famous Ilystory of Herodotus. Conteyning the discourse of cfyt/ers 
Coun treys, the succession of their Aynges: the actes and exploits atchieved by them : tke 
Lowes and Customes of n'cry Nation : unth the true Description and AnHqmty tf tke 

Cartmel Church Library. 91 

070 Isidori Hispalensis Opera [Paris. Sonnius. 1601. 

036 Irenaeus [Basle. Episcopum. 1571. 8vo.] 
I 10 o Lyra 6 volumes." 

same, Devided into mm Booka entUuled with thi names of the nine Muses, At London. 
Printed by Tho. Marshe. 1584. The translator was B. R., supposed to be Bamaby 
Rich. This is the first Englbh translation. 

' This is a copy of the second Basle edition, of the Vulgate with the Glossa 
ordinaria^ and the Postilia of NichoUs de Lyra, in six vols., fol., edited by Amerbach, 
Langendorf, and Froben, and printed by Froben in 1498 — 1502. The title of the 
first volume is as follows : Bibtie jam pridem renovata. Pars prima : complectens 
Pfntateuchum : una cum glosa ordinaria^ et litterali moralique exposUione Nicolai de 
lyra. Nee nan additionibus Pauli Burgensis ac replieis M. Matthie Hiaringi novisque 
disHnctionibus et marginalibus summariisque annotationibus. The sixth volume has 
this colophon : Opus preclarum totius Biblie cum glosulis tam mar^inaiibuSt quam 
interiinearibus ordinariis : una cum venerandi Patris Nieoiai de lyra PostUlis^ marali- 
tatibusque in propriis locis de novo positis: additiombus Pauli Burgensis Episcopi: ac 
replicis Magistri Matthie Daring, Nee ncn ipsius Nicolai de lyra libdlo questionum 
judaicam perfidiam in Cathdica fide improbantium, Cura et impensis providorum 
dominarum Magistri Joannis de Amerbach, Johannis Petri de Langendorff, et Johannis 
Froeben de Hammelburg, cives Basilea, Arte vero et industria ipsius Johannis Froeben 
magna cum diligentia et labore Basileae impressum. Anno Domini MDIl, Idibus 
Mails, This edition, I know not for what reason, has never been considered of much 
value or rarity. The Postilia of Ljrra were extremely popular in the fifteenth and 
sixteenth centuries, and were great favourites of Luther and others of the reformers. 
The contemporaries of Lyra expressed their admiration of his writings in the fol- 
lowing distich : 

Si Lyra non lirasset 
Totus mundus delirasset. 

This was, still more happily, parodied in the sUteenth century by : 

Si Lyra non lyrasset, 
Lutherus non saltasset. 

A Jew by birth and education, Lyra was one of the few mediaeval commentators who 
had a thorough knowledge, not only of the Hebrew hmguage, but of the Talmud and 
Rabbinical literature, but M. I^bouderie, in his notice of Lyra in the Biographie 
U never selle, is in error in saying "s'etait prindpalement nourri dcs ecrits de R. Isaac 
Abrabanel qu'on peut appeler son auteur." Nicolas de Lyra died in 1340, and 
Isaac Abrabanel was not bom until 1437 ! Masch enumerates no less than twenty-eight 
editions of the whole Bible with the Postilia of Lyra between 1480 and 1634, besides 
six editions of the Postilia alone, and several of the PostUUt on the New Testament, or 
on separate books. They are also incorporated in the Biblia Maxima, Paris, 1660^ 
















92 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

050 Lampadii mellificium historicum.' 

020 Lamberts perambulation of Kent [London. Belli- 

fant. 1 596. 4to.] 
040 Marlorate on Matthew [London. Marsh. 157OL 

Ne\vton*s History of the Saracens.^ 
Origens Works, in two volumes. [Basle. Epis- 

copum. 1571. fo.] 
Owens Epigrams. [London. 161 8. I2ma] 
Ovcrbur>s characters. [London. 1618. 8vo.] 
Platonis Opera. [Lugduni. Vincentius. 1588. 
026 Polydori Virgilii de invent: reru opera. [Basle. 

PVobcn. 1525. fo.] 
o I o Poniponius Mela, & Julius Solinus Cosmographie.* 

19 vols., fo. Those on the Psalms and on the Epistles and Gospels were translated 
into French, and printed, the former alx)ut 1490, and the latter in 151 1. The first 
edition of the PostULp of Lyra in I-atin, printed by Sweynheym and PumaitZy in 
147 1 -2 (5 vols. fo. ), is a biKik which, apart from its rarity, must always be of the 
highest interest to the student of literar>- histor)% for the fifth volume contains the 
memorial of the printers to Sixtus V., in which they give a list of the books printed by 
them, and the numlxir of copies issuetl of each volume. 

* The Mcllifiiium Historicum is the work, not of Laropadius, but of Christopher 
Pezel (or Pezelius), and was originally publishe^l by him at Basle in 1 579. A second 
edition was given by Jo. I^imp.idius in 1649, to which he added a supplement, Dt 
eth^ntibus .Wi'i TfsUimenti us,ju<' ad Carol um l\ Ifuperotonfn, (Sec Jocher, voL iL 
p. 2,224, and vol. iii. p. 14S2.) 

' One of the books mentioned in the minute of 1629 as then being in the church. 

3 A notable Historif of the Saracens. Briefly and faithfuily describing the origittail 
he^^nnin^ continuaunce ^ successe as rce/I of the Saracens^ as also of TurkeSy S<m/dams, 
Manialukesy AssassineSy Tartarians and Sophians, With a discourse of their Ajfairet 
iSr" Actes from the byrthe of Mahomet their first pen'ish prophet and founder^ for 700 
yeres space. H'hereunto is anttexed a compendious Chronycle of aU their yeardy 
exploytes^ from the sayde Mahomcts tyme^ tyll this present yeere ofgreue I575» Drawm 
out of Augiistine Curio and sundry other good authours by Thomas Newton. Imprinted 
.... by Will. How for Abr. Veal. London, 1575, 4to. Thomas Newton was a 
a native of IVesibury, Cheshire. Some account of him and his writings will be found 
in Wooil's Athen*e (etlit. of 1S13, vol. ii. pp. 5-12). Sec also Dr. Rcnaud*s Ancimi 
Parish of Prestbury (Chet Soc., vol xcviL p. 35). 

^ The first translation of Pomponius Mela into English was made by Arthor 

Cartmel Church Library. 93 

036 Romanoru Pontificiu effigies.' 

010 Spencers Fairy Queen.^ 

030 Stows Survey of London. [London. Purslowe. 

1 61 8. 4to.] 
o I o Sesellii Respublica sive Status Reg^i Galliae.^ 
o 12 o TertuUiani Opera. [Frankerae. 1597. fo.] 
O I 6 Virgilii georgica et bucolica.* 
o I o J. White Minister of Eccles way to true Church, 
o 2 6 Ri : Willes history of travel in East and West 


Golding in 1585 ; and he also translated the History of Solinus in 1587. Both works 
were printed by Thomas Marshe. In the year 1590, Marshe reprinted them together, 
with a general title page, in 4to, and the book at Cartmel is a copy of this edition. 

' Poniijicium romanorum effigies opera et studio y, B, de Cavalleriis, Ex t3rp. D 
Basae (Ronue) 1585, 8vo. The original impression of these two hundred and thirty 
copper-plate portraits of the Popes, from St. Peter to Gregory XIII., was issued in 
1580, according to Brunet. They subsequently re-appesu-ed in Ciccarelli*s Vite 
di Pontifid^ 1588. A copy of the edition of 1585 was in the Sunderland library, in 
red morocco, but with title mounted, and sold for ;^3 y. The catalogue states that 
the book contains two hundred and thirty-one portraits. A copy of the first edition 
is offered for eight lire in a recent catalogue of Pietro Vergani, of Milan. In the 
Beckford library, a copy, in a fine bmding, by Nicolas Eve, realised £7fi. In the 
same library there was also a copy of an edition of 1595. Gian Battista de Cavalleriis 
was not an engraver of the 6rst rank, but his works are not without merit and 
interest, and are still sought after. Le Blanc {Manud de tamateur itestampa) gives 
a list of four hundred and twelve. 

' This is the edition of Spencer's Fairy Quem^ spoken of in several notices that 
have appeared of the Cartmel Church Library, but an examination of the volume 
shows that it contains only the last three books (fourth, fifth, and sixth) forming part 
ii of the first edition of the Fairy Queen, The 6nt three books were printed in I59(\ 
the last three in 1596, by W. Ponsonbie. 

> One of the numerous editions of the Latin translation, by Sleidan, of Claude 
Seyssell*s La Grand Monarchie de France. 

* The catalogue of 1822 has an edition of VtrgiJ with the date 1509 as being in the 
library, but on examining the volume it was found to consist of an edition of the 
Georgics, printed at Frankfort, by C. Wechcl, in 1584 ; and of the Bucolics, same 
place and printer, 1590, each with the Commentary of Ramus. 

s This is a copy of The History of Travayle in the West and East Indies and other 
countreys tying eythir way towardes the fruitfuU and rye he Moluceaes . . . with a 
diuomrse of the Northwest Passage Gathered in Part, and done in Engiyshe by Richard 

94 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

The library also contains works by Abbot, Bramhall, Bancfx>fl; 
Lord Bacon, Broughton, Bates, Bede, Caranza, Calvin, Camden, 
Chaloner, Duns-Scotus, Fuller, Fitzherbert, Hammond, Lipsius, 
Morton, Melchior Adam, Norice, Pemble, Peter Martyr, Prideaux, 
Pareus, Rainolds, Stephanus, Scaliger, Sherlock, Saltmarsh, 
Sleidan, Sanderson, Thuanus, Thomburgh, Vincentius Lirinensis, 
Willett, Whear, and many others. There are editions of most 
of the Greek and Latin classics for the most part, printed at the 
end of the sixteenth or beginning of the seventeenth century. 

Eden, Nnvly set in Order augmented and finished by Rickarde WiUes, R. Jngsc. 
London, 1577, 4to. It is the second edition of £dcn*s translation o{ Dt Orbe novo 
decades octo, by Peter Martyr, of Angleria, and contains much curious and interesting 
matter. It has now become very rare. According to Bninet, and Lowndes, a copy at 
Inglis*s sale realised £1 igs. ; liel^r, £^ 4r. ; Sothebys, £B. In a recent catalogue 
of Stibbs an imperfect copy is marked £^ y. 

Caniston Church Library. 95 


On the thirteenth of February, 1699, Roger Fleming, of 
Coniston Hall, gentlemen, gave to Wm. Fleming, Christr. Dick- 
son, Myles Dickson, Michael Atkinson, Thomas Dickson, and 
Thomas Towers, the six sidesmen of the parochial chapel of 
Coniston, five pounds in trust that they and their successors, 
sidesmen of Coniston, should lend the same at interest, and 
employ such interest in buying Sermon Books, set forth by 
orthodox divines according to the Liturgy of the Church of 
England, to read the same in the chapel, for the use of the 
chaplain or curate ; such books to be chosen by the owner of 
Coniston Hall, and the rector of Grasmere. The sidesmen and 
churchwardens were annually, at Easter, to inspect such books, 
and, in order to prevent the mis-employment of the pft, there 
was a proviso enabling the owner of Coniston Hall to call the 
sides-men to account 

By his will, dated February 7, 1703, Roger Fleming gave an 
additional sum of ten pounds for the same purposes upon the 
like trusts. The two sums of five pounds and ten pounds were 
lent as directed, together with other moneys belonging to the 
chapel, and, out of the interest received, the sum of is. 4^. was 
set apart yearly for buying books. In the year 1793, the chapel 
money, amounting to £62, was in the hands of Mr. James 
Robinson, for some time chapelwarden of Coniston, and the 
interest, £2 lis, 6t/., was regularly paid by him up to the year 
181 1. In that year, however, he became bankrupt, and a divi- 
dend of £2^ 5J. was received from his estate, which, according 
to the Charity Commissioners report, was about eight years 
later in the hands of Mr. Geoi^e Jackson ; but, according to the 
information of the present vicar, since the year 181 1 all traces of 
both principal and interest have been lost. 

The money appears to have been applied according to the 
trusts up to 181 1, and there are now in the vestry of the church 

96 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

about one hundred volumes of works on divinity, bought with 
the 8j. 4//. yearly set apart for that purpose. They are, or were 
formerly, lent out at Easter to any of the inhabitants who wished 
to read them.' 

' Infomuition given by the Rev. C. £. Chapman, the present Vicar of Coniston ; 
the Report of the Charity Commissioners ; Mr. A« Craig Gibson's Lakdand of Lmnca- 
shirt {Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire^ vol vi. p. 1 23), who^ howerer, sajs 
that Roger FIeming*s will H-as dated February, 1699; Notiiia Catrienses^ voL iL 
(Chet. Soc xxii.) p. 540, where the date of the will is given as February 17, 1705- 
Mr. Chapman, however, states the date of the gift as February 7, 1 705, and the 
Charity Conunissioners give the same date as that of the will. 

Didsbury Church Library. 97 


A library was founded in the seventeenth century at the 
Chapel of St. James, at Didsbury, but by whom or at what time 
is not now known. 

The following extracts relating to books are in the church 
books :' 

" 1645 Paide for the Directorie for Mr. Bradshaw.^ 
— Paide for the booke of Devine right of 

Church Government^ 00 02 04" 

In the year 1706 there was " Paid ffor a book on the thanks- 
giving-day 00 00 08," and " Paid ffor a book on the ffast-day 
00 00 08." 

In an article on Didsbury Church, Mr. John Baird writes : 

"Didsbury Church is one of those which in the 17th century 
set up a library within the building. As late as 40 years ago a 
portion was called the library,^^ and it was only in 1842 that the 
large volumes v/ith their chains were consigned to some shelves 
in the vestry. They were afterwards given to the late rector, at 
whose death they came back to the church, and, now that there 
is plenty of room at the entrance, there is no reason why they 

' These extracts are taken from Booker's History of Didsbury and Charlton Chapds 
(Chet. Soc., vol. xlii.), pp. 87, 94. 

' Mr. Booker adds in a note " On prohibiting the further use of the Book of 
Common Prayer by an ordinance of Parliament dated January 3, 1644, it was decreed 
that * A Directory for the Publique worship of God throughout the three kingdoms 
of England, Scotland, and Ireland,' should be immediately issued, which accordingly 
was done. This is the ' Directorie ' alluded to in the text, and Mr. Bradshaw, for 
whom it was purchased, was the then minister of Didsbury Chapel." 

5 This is no doubt The Diviiu Ki<^ht of Church-Govemnunt and Excommunication 
... By Samuel Rutherford. Published by Authority. London, 1646, 4to. A 
copy is in the Turton Church Library. See Humphrey Chetham's Church Libraries 
(Chet. Soc. xxxviii. ), p. 88. The pernicious custom had already commenced among 
publishers of post-iidXxng books, so that a book issued towards the end of 1645 would 
bear the date of 1646. 

* Mr. Ik)oker does not mention any part as being called the library, in his descrip- 
tion of Didsbury Church. 


98 Old L ibraries of Lancashire. 

should not be restored to their original use. Bishop Jewell's 
Apology, Kettlewcirs Sermons, Burkitt's Commentary, The 
Homilies, The Great Bible, and a copy of the Sealed Book of 
Common Prayer, will not command a crowd of readers, but with 
proper desks and chains would show a curious custom of our 
forefathers, and mark the great advance we have made in the 
spread of knowledge." > 

' MatuhesUr CUv Xiws AWtj aHti Querits^ vol. iv. (1881-2), p. 351, The present 
Rector (Rev. C. D. Smith), in a letter, dated February 4, 18S5, informs me that the 
above-mentioned volumes are still in the vestry. 

Kirkham Church Library. 99 


There are a few books in the vestry of the Parish Church, 
Kirkham, probably the remains of a larger collection, as the 
earliest record of books belonging to the church dates back to 
the beginning of the seventeenth century. 

In the Records of the Thirty Sworn Men of Kirkham,' the 
following entries appear : 

" 1601. A note of all such books [and other things] belonging 
to the Church [which we] delivered unto Henry Bayne parish 
clerk [1600]. One fair large Bible, i Common Prayer book . . . 
I Prayer book for the coronation i book of the 2nd tome of 
Homilies, i book of Instructions i Book of Martyrs i book of 
Canons . . . i book of the acts and monuments given to the 
Parish before 1600 and sent from London by John Cowban 
now dwelling in . . . one mile from Canterbury and bom in 
Kellemer within the parish.*'^ 

*' 1662. Wm. Eccleston of Comah Row ordered to be sued if 
he did not return the Book of Martyrs he had taken from the 
Church."^ In 1685, 3J. was paid for writing three chapters in 
the great Bible ; and in the year 1720 there is an entry " Pd Mr. 
Knot for books and proclamation for humiliation about the 
plague," but the amount paid is not given. These are the only 
entries in the church books, and constitute all that is known 
about the library. The following is the catalogue of the books 
now in the vestry of the church : 

' Extracted by Mr. William Langton, and printed by Colonel Fishwick, in his 
History of Kirkham (Chct. Soc., vol. xciL) 

* The entry goes on "and he (John Cowban) sent another to Car Side [according to 
Mr. I^ngton the house where Cowban was bom] which continued there safe, whole 
and unhurt a many years, and was lent by them to some in the parish but in the 
latter end of old John Crook*s days, and his wife's, they becoming Popish, and most 
of their children, the said book was all torn out saving some in the end of it, and 
Geo. Smith of Kirkham had the remainder of the book." 

* Colonel Fishwick adds in a note "that it was shortly afterwards recovered and 

I oo Old L ibraries of Lancashire. 

A Collection of Cases and other discourses lately written 

to recover Dissenters to the Communion of the Church 

of England. 1694. foJ 
Companion to the Temple, by Thomas Comber. 3*^ ed. 

1 687- 1 702. 2 vols. fo. 
Fox's Book of Mart>Ts. 1776. fa 
The Morning exercise against Poper>% preached in South- 

wark by several ministers of the Gospel 1675. 4to.* 
A Commentary on the Book of Common Prayer by 

William NichoUs. 17 10. fo. 
The History of Popery by several gentlemen. 1735-6. 2 vols. 

The Way to the True Church ... by John White, Minister 

of Gods Word at Eccles. 16 16. 4to.3 
S>Tiopsis Papismi : that is, a general \-iew of Papistrie . . . 

[by Andrew Willet] now for the fifth time published, 

with addition of a preface by Peter Smith, D.D. 

London, 1634. fo.-* 
The Works of the author of the Whole Duty of Man. 

1726. fo.^' 

* This is a cx'^py of the scconil edition of this work. The fiist edition J^jpeared in 
1685, in 410, an imperfect copy whereof is at Lxigh. A list of the writen^ and of 
the titles of their Costs and Discourses will be found in Darling's Cydopmiim 
Bi.K^h^^jfkirj^ under CA'^-*iom. 

* See «:«Xr p. 45. 

' Tliis book is scarce and interesting. It went throcgfa scfcral editioni» and led 
to much contTO\'ersy between the anthor and sereral Roman Calholk op p o ncp la, 
Co}Mes of the book weie purchased for the Chetham Chuich libraries, at Bolton, 
Turton. and Gorton. See j«-v. p. 52. There is a copy also at Cartmeu 

* For an aocv>unt of this book, see J/umfirtr Ckdiam's Ckaaxk Ukntria (CheL 
Soc. voL xxxviii.) p. 3S. 

< 1 hare to thank the Rer. \V. Mason. M..\.. Mcar of Kirkham, fcr the abcyie 
list, and for the p>ut interest which he has shown, and the tnoble he has taken in 
the nutter of this libranr, and of my enquiries respnrrJTig it. (For the 
Grammar Schcv^l libruy, see prji,) 

Leigh, and Ley land. loi 


Here is an imperfect copy in two volumes of the Collection 
of Cases and other Discourses^ lately written to recover Dis- 
senters to the Communion of the Church of England, 1685. 
4to.' The books are bound in calf, and were formerly chained 
to a pew in the church. Each volume contains the following 
inscription : " This book was gratuitously Re-bound by Christo- 
pher Malley Warrington For the use of the congregation attend- 
ing the Parish Church of Leigh. April 4th, 1836." The old 
chains were retained when the books were re-bound, and are still 
attached to them. 

There is no clue to the donor of the books, nor is it known 
whether they have at any time formed part of a larger collection. 


Four volumes are now in the Parish Church of Leyland, viz : 

A Preservative against Popery ... by E. Gibson. 2 vols. 
1738. fo. 

Foxe*s Book of Martyrs. 

Jewel's Apology. 

To the books, chains are affixed, but the Book of Martyrs and 
Jewel's Apology are imperfect. Nothing is known of the gift or 
purchase of these volumes, nor of any others having at any time 
been at Leyland, but it is possible, as suggested by Mr. Axon,^ 
that they are the remainder of a small chained library. 

' A copy of the second edition is at Kirkham. 

* Library Association Transactiotu^ Manchester meeting, p. 48. 

1 02 Old L ibraries of Lancashire. 

St. Peter's, Liverpool. 

In the year 1715, John Fells, described as "a mariner," gave a 
donation of £10 to found a theological library at this church.' 
Additions have since been made at various times by Rectors 
of the church. The number of volumes in the year 18 18 was 
two hundred and seventeen — one hundred and seven in folio, 
fifty-six in quarto, and fifty-four in octavo. The books were 
originally fastened to open shelves in the vestry with rods and 
chains, but in, or shortly before, the year 18 18 they were newly 
bound and placed in glass cases. In the same year a catalogue 
was made of the books with the title "A Catalogue of The 
Library of St. Peter's Church in Liverpool, 1818," 4to. There 
are two copies now at the church, each beautifully written on 
vellum. " The books," says Mr. Cowell in his paper on " The 
Origin and History of some Liverpool Libraries," read before 
the Library Association at its meeting in Liverpool in 1883, 
and since printed in the Report of the Association, "consist 
largely of the writings of the early Fathers of the Christian 
Church, some of them printed in the sixteenth and seventeenth 
centuries at Paris, Geneva, and Basle ; but, as far as I could 
discover, there were none that would repay a pilgrimage to it by 
the bibliographer or antiquarian." A certain number of the 
books are imperfect, and were so when bound in 18 18. Several 
of the books appearing in the catalogue I was unable to find 
when I visited the library — among others Walton's Polyglot 

A copy of the Latin Bible printed by Froschover at Zurich in 
folio in 1543, the Old Testament translated by Leon Juda, 
Theodore Bibliander, and P. Cholinus ; the New Testament, a 
version of that of Erasmus, made by R. Gualter, and the whole 

* Smithcr's Liverpool^ Its Commerce^ Statistics, and Institutions, 1 825, Syo. The 
church itself was built in 1699, on the severance of Liverpool from the parish of 
Walton. John Fells was elected a member of the Council of Liverpool in 170a 
(Avrm Papers^ Chet. Soc., vol. ix. p. 96), and in 1705 "Mr. Fels" was elected to the 
ofHce of Bailiff, (/^/i/., p. 145.) 

Si. Peter's, Liverpool. 103 

edited by Conrad Pellican, deserves notice on account of its once 
magnificent binding in the Grolier style, now unfortunately re- 
backed and much injured. The earliest book appears to be a 
copy of the Dictionary of Calepinus (Hagenau, 1523), and the 
earliest English book, a copy of A Catholike and EcclesiasticcUl 
exposition of the Holy Gospell after S. Maithewe gathered out of all 
the singular and approved divines . . .by A. Mar lor at, And trans- 
lated out of tfie Latin by T. Tymtne. T. Marshe, London, 1570, fo.» 
There is a fine copy of the works of S. Augustine (Paris, 
Chevallon, 1532), and a good copy of Bishop Gibson's Codex. 
Several of the Fathers appear in the Benedictine editions. But 
the most interesting book in the collection, which sets one won- 
dering how so heretical a work found its way into so orthodox 
a collection of theology, is Fausti Socini Senensis Opera Omnia 
in duos tomos distiticta quorum prior continet ejus Opera Exegetica 
et Didactica ; Posterior Opera ejusdem Polemica comprehendit : 
accesserunt qucedam hactenus inedita, Irenopolis (Amsterdam), 
post annum, 1656, 2 vols, fo.^ 

' The title-page is wanting, but the title is given above from the copy in the British 
Museum. The catalogue of St. Petcr*s Library gives the date as 1 559, but this is 
clearly wrong — it should be 1570. 

' These are volumes I and 2 of the Bibliothica fratrum Poionorum, 8 vols, folio, 
and still form the standard edition of the works of Faustus Socinus. 

1 04 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 


There existed at St. Wilfrid's, Ribchester, up to a few years 
since, a church library. Its fate is one of the most melancholy 
and most discreditable to its legal custodians of any that we 
know. It was in existence within the last thirty years, but 
appears to have totally disappeared shortly before the appoint- 
ment of the present Rector, in 1876. 

The library dated from the year 1684, as appears from the 
following extract from Bishop Gastrells Notitia Cestriensis :' 

"Anno 1684 Mr. Hayhurst Minister of Macclesfield left all 
his books (except the Book of Martyrs and his Great Bible) to 
yc Parish Church of Ribchester." 2 

The books reached Ribchester some time in the following 
year (1685), as in the churchwardens accounts for that year is 
the following entry : 

" Pd to Mr. Kippax and Hcnery Hayhurst^ for fTetching the 
Lybberary given by Mr. Bradley Hayhurst and spent about y« 
same. 03 07 04' 


* Chet Soc., vol. xxii. p. 471. 

' This Mr. Hayhurst was Bradley Hayhurst, a son of Richard Hayhurst, of Ribchester. 
He was admitted a member of Emanuel College, Cambridge, on March 31, 1629^ 
and took the degree of H. A. in 1632 {Palatine XoU Book^ voL iv. p. 79). He signed 
the Harmonious Consent in 1648 as '* preacher of the word at Leigh," and in the 
Commonwealth Church Suney^ 1650 (Record Society, vol. i. p. 55), he is spoken of 
as " a man of good lyffc and convsacon and constant in preaching the word and in 
all oth' Ministerial! duties." He remained at Leigh until 1657. In the same year he 
was one of those whom Henry Newcome ** motioned'* to be his successor at 
Gawsworth, but he would not go {Au/od., Chet. Soc, voL xxvi. p. 76). He seems 
aftenii'ards to have resided in Manchester for some time, as Newcome in his IXary 
(Chet Soc., voL xWii.) frequently records visits to and from "Mr. Hayhurst** 
Calamy {Abridgement, vol. ii. p. 383) has ** Mr. Bradley Hayhurst of Leith," among 
those who confirmed in Lancashire. On June 7, 16S1, Henry Newcome "went to 
Maxefield on foot, to see Mr. Heyhurst " {Autob., p. 236). 

3 The Rev. Richard Kippax was appointed Curate of Burnley in 169a Newcome 
mentions "Mr. Kip^xix *' in his Diary, There were Hayhursts of Hayhurst, Hayhnists 
of Ribchester, and Hayhursts of Dutton, in Ribchester Parish, in 1639 {Palatau 
Note Book, vol. iii. p. 43-5). Henry Hayhurst would belong to one of 
fafn ili g s. 

Ribchester Church Library. 105 

No vestige of these books now remains, with the exception of 
one volume, which the present Rector, the Rev. F. E. Perrin, 
found in the rectory house on taking possession of the benefice 
in 1876, and which he thinks may have formed part of the 
library. It is a copy of the Enarratio in Duos Epistolas Pauli^ 
ad Philippenses et Cohssenses Pralecta Georgia Majore, Witte- 
bergiae, 1561. Writing in 1880, Mr. W. E. A. Axon' says: 
"There was a collection at Ribchester, which included some 
classical books, but not one now remains. When the present 
President of the Chetham Society (Mr. Crossley) was there, 
many years ago, there remained a heap of tattered volumes, 
which were offered to him for the trouble of taking away ! He 
was content, however, with a copy of Silius Italicus, as a 
memorial of the bygone glories of the place." 

The Rev. F. E. Perrin, in answer to my enquiry respecting 
the library, wrote : " There is not a trace of the old library here, 
except one book I found in the house — and an entry in the 
church book — which I give you ... I have no papers, wills, 
writings, or catalogue. No one in the parish seems ever to have 
seen or heard of the old library ! "^ 

' Library Association Transactions, Manchester meeting, p. 48. 

' The Rev. G. W. Reynolds, Rector of St Marks, Cheetham Hill, has informed 
me that he well remembers seeing the books in or before the year 1858, and that 
they were then packed in boxes. Tliis is corroborated by a letter to Mr. Reynolds 
from the Rer. Boulby Hazlewood, Vicar of Oswaldtwistle (son of the late Rector of 
Ribchester), who says (April 11, 1883) "The books used certainly to be in the chest 
in the old vestry ... I have never thought or heard of the books for quite 20 years, 
but I should have suspected they were still in existence, though, if I recollect rightly, 
they were not in good preservation. " 

io6 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 


The first mention of books at Rivington Church is in the year 
1552. In the inventory taken in that year by the Commissioners 
of Edward VI., the church, amongst other articles, is stated to 
have possessed "one masse boke and one Englishe byble & 
a manuell," ' but they are not now in existence. 

In an old Minute Book of the eighteenth century, belonging 
to the church, there is a list of fourteen volumes, forming the 
then existing church librar>'. They are chiefly Puritan theology 
of the seventeenth centur}% including works by Baxter, Bolton, 
Preston, and Butler, with the addition of the Book of Homilies^ 
Nelson's Fasts and Festivals, and Blair s Sermons.^ Of these 
books, however, only four were in existence in 1856, viz.: Blair^s 
ScnnonSy 2 volumes. Practical Directions for the Lord's Supper^ 
and Principles of the Christian Religion, and a note to that effect 
was inserted in the Minute Book by the then newly-elected 
Incumbent, the Rev. T. Sutcliffe. Nothing is known of the 
origin or donor of the library. 

* Im'cntories of Church Goods^ part I. (Chet Soc. vol. CYii.), p. 38. 

' The Rev. G. Squire, Head Master of the RiWngton and Blackrod Gnunnuur 
School (to whom I am imlebted for much trouble taken about this and the Grammar 
School librar}'), suggests that these books were the remains of the Riyington School 
library (see post). But this cannot be so, as the works mentioned were not printed 
until long after the death of Bishop Pilkington, the donor of the books to the Gnunmar 

Sacred Trinity^ Sal/ord, 107 

Sacred Trinity, Salford. 

Humphrey Oldfield by his will, dated April 30th, 1684, gave 
to the poor of Salford £\QOy and his divinity books to be placed 
in the Chancel (of Trinity Chapel), with ;{^20 to replenish them, 
and £1 for woodwork and chains, that they might not be stolen." 
The testator died in November, 1690, and was buried in the Man- 
chester Collegiate Church on the 25th of that month.2 Instead 
of the books being placed in the chancel, they were placed at 
first in the tower of the church, but injury from damp led to 
their removal to the vestry. Writing in 1836, Baines^ says: " In 
spite of the woodwork and chains many of these works have 
disappeared, but there still remains a good collection of old 
divinity in the closet of Trinity Chapel unchained and unstolen." 

There is no record of the number of volumes originally placed 
in the tower, but Mr. W. E. A. Axon, shortly before 1876,"^ 
speaking of them as " a mere handful, not more than sixty or 
seventy volumes," adds " the tradition is that at a period early 
in the present century, when they were put in order, a number 
were rejected, and cast out as waste paper." 

In November, 1876, seventy-two volumes, all that were 
remaining, were presented by the Rector and Vestry to the 
Reference Department of the Salford Free Library, at Peel 
Park, where they have since remained, and where there is a 
much greater probability of their being properly cared for and 
preserved, than in either the tower or the vestry of the church.5 

' Baines* History of Latuashirt^ 1 836 voL ii. p. 233. 

* Humphrey Oldfield also left monies for the poor of Manchester and Salford. 
Henry Newcome {Auiobiog., p. 307) records the fact that he died on November 25, 
1690, and that the warden (Wroe) preached on Job. ch. iii. r. 17, "The wicked 
cease from troubling, and the weary be at rest" 

' Hist, of Lane,, 1836, vol. il p. 233, note I. The same note appears in the edition 
of 1868-70. 

♦ Handbook of the Public Libraries of Afanchester and Salford, 1 877, p. 9 1. 

' A catalogue of these seventy-two volumes has been prepared by Mr. John Plant, 
the Chief Librarian of the Salford Reference Library, which I have had the advantage 

io8 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

Of these seventy-two volumes, six appear to have been added 
since Humphrey Oldfield's death. The remainder are all, with 
one exception (a volume containing Bacon's History of the Reign 
of Hairy VH, and Godwyn's History of the Reigns of Henry 
VHL Edward VI. and Queen Mary, 1675-6, fo.), theological^ 
and (also with one exception), all printed in the seventeenth 
century. They are, however, of a more orthodox and less Puri- 
tanical character than those of the Chetham Church Libraries, and 
include works of Andrews. Bramhall, Burnet, Cave, Chillingworth, 
Comber, Hall, Hooker. Jewell, Kettlewell, Patrick, Pearson, San- 
derson, Stillingfleet, Jeremy Taylor, and Usher.* There is also 
a copy of A Dissuasive from Rroaige, by Nicholas Stratford, 
London, 1684, 8vo.2 

The volume of the earliest date is also the rarest of the collec- 
tion : The English Crcede. Consulting with the true ancient Catho* 
lique a9id Apostolique Churchy in all points and articles of religion 
which rtfcry Christian is to know . . . subscribed unto by T.Rogers. 
Imprinted by J. Windet for Andrew Maunsell at the Brazen 
Serpent, London, 1585, fo.^ 

of consulting, as well as " A catalogue of books now in a case in Uie to?rer of 
Trinity Church, Salford " ^MS. ), made some > ears since by the Rev. J. N. Pockling;toik9 
then Curate of the church. Several of the books in this catalogue seem to have ciis- 
appeared before their transfer to the Salford Free Library. 

'In the copy of U:>her*s Bixiy o/Dizt'miy, 1647, fa, is the autognph of *'Riciiard 
Hollinworth," at one time minister of the ChapeL See anle, p^ 2a 

' Nicholas Stratfonl was Warden of the Manchester Collegiate Church horn 1667 
to 16S3, and the Epbtle IVilicator}', is *' To my worthy and beloved friends tlie in- 
habitants of Manchester and Salford." 

3 Til is is a copy of the ver)' rare second edition of the well known work of Thomas 
Rogers, a native of Cheshire, chaplain to Archbishop Bancroft, and Rector of Hor- 
ninger, on the Thirty-Nine Articles, the Arst edition of which, according to Ant. 4 
\V(.xxi, ap^x'areil in 1579 under the following title : 7^ EHglisk Creed; wkirem is 
CfintatHfii in JabUs an Kx^*sitis^n tfn thf ArturUs zckuh ntry man is to nUfsanke utUo., 
Whfrt the ArtuUs are ext>oHnJeJ by Scripturt\ anJ the Con/essufms ef ail the Refgrwud 
Churches ; anJ Heresies are liis/tayeti. But where a copy of this first edition is to be 
found I do not know. Nor was Dr. Perowne, who edited the book for the Parker 
Society in 1S54, able to discover a copy. In the MS. catalogue of the books at Sal* 
ford, the date of this volume is given as i6S$. Part of the title-page, containing the 
date, is torn otf» but it is certainly a copy of the second edition of the book of which 

Sal/ord and Walton. 109 

The following are the only other volumes of rarity and interest : 

A Friendly Triall of the Grounds tending to separation in a 
. . . modest Dispute touching the lawfulness of a Liturgie 
and set forme of prayer, &c., by John Ball. Printed by 
R. Daniel, Cambridge, for E. Brewster, London, 1640. 4to. 

Certaine Godly and learned Expositions upon divers parts of 
Scripture, as they were preached, and afterwards more 
briefly penned by that worthy man of God George Estey. 
Printed by J. R. for R. Bankworth, London, 1603. 4^^' 

Scala Sancta : or the Exaltation of the Soul. Being a Train 
of pious thoughts compleating the Whole Duty of Man's 
Devotions compiled by R. A. Gent, in his solitude. 
London printed by T. Snowden for Gabr. Rembolt, and 
to be sold at his shop at the Post Office over against the 
Mise at the Signe of the King's Head, 1678. 8vo.» 


Copies of Gibson's Preservative against Popery, 3 vols. 4to, 
1738, and The Statutes at Large, 4to, 168 1, are preserved at the 
parish church of Walton, but there are no records to show who 
were the donors. 

the first part was printed in 1585, as above, and the second part, as appears by the 
title, which is intact, in 1587, by Robert Waldegrare for Andrew Maunsell. (Copies 
are in the British Museum and the University Library, Cambridge.) In the third 
edition, printed by John Legatt, printer to the University of Cambridge, 1607, the title 
was again changed to the following, Tfu Faith, Doctrine, and religion professed . . . 
in , , . England . . . expressed in 39 articles . . . analised . . . and . . . prooved 
. . . Subsequent editions were given in 1 621, 1625, 1629, 1633, 1658, 1 69 1, and 
there were probably others. Lowndes is in error in treating the English Creed as a 
different book from the Thirty Nine Articles, He gives an edition of the former as 
printed in 1581-7, and of the latter as printed in 1586, but this seems to be one and 
the same edition as that of 1585-7. An account of Rogers and his works will be 
found in Wood's Athena (edit, of 1813, vol. ii. pp. 162-5). 

' This book, which is a collection of meditations, prayers, and collects, has an 
engraved title, preceded by a portrait of Isaac Barrow, D. Loggan fecit. It is dedi- 
catcd to the Honourable Mary Mountagu, wife to the Right Honourable Lord Chief 
Baron, "from your ladjrships most humble servant and relation R.A.*' I have not 
found any notice of this book or its author, nor can I find a copy in the British 

£>Ui C!)urc!) ant) ^c!)ool ILi!)rane0 

of JLantasf^ixt. 

Part II. 



A Grammar School was first founded at Bolton in 1524, in 
which year William Haighe of Wigan left by will a 
messuage and tenement at Tockholes " towards the maintenance 
of a schoolmaster to teach a Grammar School in Bolton, for the 
better improvement and training of youths in the town and 
parish of Bolton in learning and other godly exercises and 
virtues." In 1641 Robert Lever of London by his will left the 
sum of £600, with power to his executors to dispose of the same 
" for Erectinge and Maintainynge of a Free School or ChapeL" 
With this bequest a> school was built, which was used for the 
purpose of a Grammar School until the year 1880, when it was 
pulled down, and a more convenient and commodious building 
erected in its place, which was opened in September, 1883.' 

The first trace of a library, or of any book bought for this 
school, is in the year 1661. In the original Minute Book of the 
Governors, there is the following entry, " May 27, 1661. Paid to 
Mr. Marsden for a book called Richardson's Photocryden which 
is for use of schole 01 06."^ 

' Historual GUanings of Boiion and District^ Ist leries, edited ind compiled by 
B. T. Barton, Bolton, 1 881, passim. An interesting volume, containing much infor- 
mation about the Grammar School 

* Idtm : This remarkable title was for some time a complete ptttzle to me. Cer- 
tainly no writer named Richardson wrote a book with any such title as Pkoiocrydm^ 

1 1 2 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

In an odd volume of an edition of Ovid, now in the libraiy, is 
written, " Thomas Boardman bought and gave this book and two 
other books of Ovid's works to the Schoole in Boulton all three 
cost ois=o8d and seven books before and besides these threes 
now ten in all. Anno 1682."' 

By Indenture of Release bearing date the tenth of November, 
1686, and made between William Boardman, clerk (eldest son 
and heir of Thomas Boardman, late of Bolton, Gentleman, de- 
ceased) upon the one part, and Thomas Lever, Thomas Board- 
man, clerk (son of the said Thomas Boardman, deceased), 
Robert Lever, James Lever, Thomas Marsden, and Robert 
Roscowe, upon the other part ; he the said William Boardman 
for the considerations therein mentioned, released unto the said 
Thomas Lever, Thomas Boardman the son, Robert Lever, James 
Lever, Thomas Marsden, and Robert Roscowe, their heirs and 
assigns, the Messuage, Barn, and Tenement, in Little Lever, con- 
taining by Estimation Two Acres of Land or thereabouts ; and 
a Messuage, Barn, and Tenement, in Little Lever aforesaid, in 
the occupation of William Hilton ; and Two Messuages or 
Cottages ... in Little Lever aforesaid, in the occupations of 
Thomas Crompton, James Crompton, Ralph Gregory, and Thomas 
Gregory, together with the Tythes .... to hold the same to 
the use of the said Thomas Lever, William Boardman, Thomas 
Boardman the son, Robert Lever, James Lever, Thomas Marsden, 
and Robert Roscowe, and such other person or persons as by 
them, or any three or more of them, at any time or times there- 

nor is any book with this title known. It is indeed, almost impossible to believe that 
a book could erer have been printed with such a title. But I am satisfied that I have 
at last discovered the book intended. It must have been the edition of the EpisiUs 
of Photius, edited by Richard Montagu (Bishop of Norwich), in 1 651. I have no 
doubt that the entry is intended to be Richard Mon*, Photius Cr, Laiin^ words which 
would convey no meaning to the copyist, and which, being unable accurately to de- 
cipher, he wrote as given above. " Mr. Marsden " was then the schoolmaster. 

' What the other seven books were, it b now impossible to ascertain. They may be 
included in the list given on p. 115. The volume of Ovid containing the note, is the 
only one of the three left, and is in a very bad state. The binding and seveni 
leaves are missing. 

Bolton School Library. 113 

after, should be nominated and elected, their Heirs and Assigns 
for ever, upon Trust for the Use, Maintenance, and Benefit of the 
Free Grammar School then being at Bolton aforesaid, in such 
manner as thereafter is declared and expressed ; (videlicet) as for 
and concerning the Rents, Issues, and Profits arising and growing 
of and from the said Premisses, during the continuance of the 
respective Demises or Leases then in being of the same Premisses, 
to the Intent that the said Trustees, their Heirs and Assigns, 
should bestow and employ the same for the erecting, purchasing, 
and maintaining of a Library, at or in the said School House at 
Bolton aforesaid, of the best Sort of School Books, and such other 
profitable Books as the Trustees of and for the said school for 
the time being, and from Time to Time, or the major Number of 
them, in their discretion should think fit or necessary, and after 
the Expiration or other Determination of the said Leases or 
Demises respectively, then to and for such further Intent and 
Purpose that the same Trustees and their Heirs for the time 
being, out of and from the Rents and Profits of the Premisses, 
from Time to Time, for ever, should pay as well the Yearly Sum 
of Forty shillings unto the Upper Schoolmaster of the said 
School for the time being, and likewise the Annual sum of 
Twenty Shillings unto the Usher or Under Master of the said 
school for the time being, for and towards their Yearly Main- 
tenance, as also should convert and employ the rest and residue 
of the said Rents and Profits annually arising and growing of 
and from the Premisses before mentioned, for the maintaining 
and providing of the said Library as well with Desks, Tables, 
Boxes, and Shelves, as also with such other necessary ingenious 
and profitable Books, Moral or Divine, or for History, Mathematics, 
or other Learning, as the same Trustees and their Successors, 
Feoffees of and for the same School should think meet and fit^ 
That this gift was ever applied to its original purpose is very 
improbable, as the only entry of the purchase of any books after 

' Local GUamiHgs, 1 879-80^ pp. 350-5 1 . Histarkai GUammgs of Bolton and Dislrut^ 
iftt Scries, pp. iao-25. 


114 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

the date of the Release is in or about I773» when school books 
were purchased to the value of 17^. 6d. William Boardman's 
name is not mentioned at the head of the list on p. 1 15 as having 
given any books, nor was any library erected. There was, how- 
ever, in the old Grammar School (taken down in 1880) an upstairs 
. room, which was used by the Head Master as a class-room, and 
called " The Librar>^" It was fitted up with a central reading 
desk, at which six or eight could conveniently sit, which may have 
been bought with part of the income of William Boardman*s 
gift, and an oak book-case or chest WTien the Charity Com- 
missioners made their report of the various charities attached to 
Bolton Grammar School, they reported amongst others this gift 
of William Boardman, giving the deed in full, and appending to it 
a statement that "a dictionarj' was bought for the library in 1823," 
and a few pages further on in the report occurs the following 
note : 

'•Librarj-. It will be obser\'ed that the gift of the Rev. Thomas ■ 
Boardman before mentioned was principally for the support of 
a librar\'. There is a small collection of books in a room over 
the school, to wliich the scholars have access, but few additions 
have been made to it of late years, and the funds applicable to 
this purpose have been mixed up with those belonging to the 

The dictionar\\ bought in 1S23, would appear to be the only 
book whidi the Commissioners could find as having been bought 
out of the schix">l funds, and it seems clear, that instead of faith- 
fully carr}nng out the trust reposed in them, the trustees allowed 
the rents of the projx^rty to be used for the general purposes of 
the schix^l, jx^ssihly adding to its usefulness and efficiency, but 
to the loss of the librarj'. The School has been lately reorganised 
under the proxnsions csi a now scheme^ sanctioned by the Charity 
Commissionoi-s, but no pro\"ision appears to have been made for 
the maintenance of anv librarv. 

The books of which the libran* at present consists, are in an 

^ l^)> Tk4imA4 i> cJoJu-Iv a misiakc for H iaZumk. 

Bolton School Library, 115 

old oak chest or book-case, which stands upon legs about three 
feet from the ground. The chest contains two shelves divided 
down the centre, with iron rods running along the front of each 
shelf evidently for the purpose of chaining the books, and has 
folding doors opening in the centre. Along the outside, above 
the doors, runs this inscription, carved in the wood, " The gift of 
James Leaver Citison of London 1694."' 

A list of the books belonging to the School in 173S, is in the 

Minute Book. The following is a copy i^ 

"Books belonging to Bolton Schoole Feby 13th, 1735. Given 

by Mr. James Lever, Citizen of London, Dr. Morall 

and others, and chained by Henry Eskricke in the 

Liberrary of yt Schoole." ^ 

Folio. ^ 
Scapula Lexicon. 
♦Cooper's Dictionary. 5 
*Fox*s Acts.^ 

' Thi3 James Lever is probably the feoffee of the School mentioned in the Indentures 
of 1686 and 1735, as "of Hackney near London Esq." {^Historical Gleanings of 
Bolton and District f 1st Series, p. 12a) Besides this chest, he also gave some books 
to the school, as appears from the above list. A phonograph of this chest and its 
contents, and of the reading desk placed in front of it, forms the frontispiece of this 

* This extract is printed, though not always quite accurately, in the Historical 
Gleanings of Bolton and District^ 1st Series, pp. 393-4. I have corrected a few typo- 
graphical errors. 

3 Dr. Thomas Morall was Vicar of Bolton, appointed in 1 72 1 by Bishop Gastrell. 
The Rev. Samuel Lever (Rector of Claughton, 1700-11) solicited the living at the 
same time, in a very curious letter to the Bishop, which is given at length in the 
Notitia CestriensiSf vol. ii. (Chet. Soc, vol xix) p. 8, in which he says, "though I 
have never been idle I can truly say I never had a place that was worth £^0 per ann. 
I have had 14 children 10 of which w**> their Mother (I thank God) arc living." Dr. 
Morall was appointed a Trustee of the Grammar School in the same year (1721). 
Wliat particular books he gave does not appear. Henry Eskricke was appointed a 
Trustee of the Grammar School in 1 736, the year after he "chained the books." 

* The books marked • are still at the Grammar School 

5 The Thesaurus IJngua Romana et Brittanica^ of Bishop Cooper. This copy is 
imperfect, beginning with Ace, and ending with Rom. 

* A copy of the ninth and best edition of Fox's Book of Martyrs^ 1684, 3 vols., 
fa, in fiur condition; and perhaps the most interesting book in the library. It is 

1 1 6 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

Littleton's Dictionary. " 
Bythner's Lyra.^ 

Godwin's De Presulibus Ang. Commentarius. 

Livey 2 vols. 

Plin Tip.4 


Plin PaneggV. 

Cornelius Nepo. 
*Lubin*s J u venal. ^ 
*Ovid*s Epistles.6 


Busby's Greek Grammar. 
♦Caesar's Commentary. 

bound in rough calf, with stout brass clasps and comer plates (to which doabtless tlie 
copy owes its preservation), and in the centre of both sides of each of the three 
volumes is affixed a brass plate bearing the words, "The gift of James Lever CitixeA 
of London, 1694." One volume still retains its chain. 

' Latin and English Dictionary. A very popular book in its day. The first edition 
appeared in 1678, and contains the well-known rendering of " concurro : to coocur, to 

• Lyra Propheiica Davidis sive Analysis critico-pracUca Psalmorum, A most valu- 
able help to the critical and grammatical study of the Book of Psalms, and very 
popular in the seventeenth century, being well calculated to assist students of the 
Hebrew language. Editions appeared (in 4to.) in 1645, i^S^* 1^549 i^>^ <^<1 '^79* 
and one as late as 1823. The author, Victorinus Bythner, was a native of Poland, 
where he lectured on Hebrew for many years. He died there in 167a See for an 
account of him and his works. Wood's Athena, The Lyra was translated into F.ngligl| 
by the Rev. T. Dec, and N. L. Benmohel (London, 1847), 8vo. 

3 The Gracum lexicon Manuale of Benjamin Hedericus, was first published in 
1722. It went through innumerable editions, the last that I know being in 1825. 

* Probably an edition of Pliny's Ilistoria Naturalis, ad Ti/um Imperatonm^ 

s A fragment of this book still exists in the School library, but sixteen leaves at the 
beginning, including the title page, and a large number at the end are missing. The 
first edition of Juvenal, with the notes of Eilhard Lubin, appeared at Hanau in 1619. 
The lK>ok soon became a popular school book, and the notes were frequently reprinted. 

^ There is a volume of Ovid still at the School containing the note of Thomas 
Boordman, given on p. 112. 

Bolton School Library. 1 1 7. 

Cole's Dictionary. 
♦Elchard's Roman History 2 vols. * 


Dr. More's works. ^ 

A collection of phil[osophical] writings by ye same.^ 
♦Allen's Discourses.^ 

Bibliotheca Parochialis &c^ 
♦Johanni Amdtii 2 vols.^ 

' The first volume of this work (London, 1695) is still in the library. 

* Up to this point, all the books that are represented as folio, quarto, and octavo, 
are correctly stated as such, but this copy of Dr. More*s works, though included under 
"octavos," is certainly a folio, and several others which come after it are the same. 
It would seem as if the remaining books had been added subsequently, and from the 
book-plates contained in Allen's Discourses^ and The History of the Waldensa^ that 
some of them are certainly the remains of a Bray library. The Theological Works 
of Henry More^ D.D.^ London, 1708, fo., are intended by the entry, "Dr. More's 
works." Copies of these works, and of five of the next ten books in the list, are 
now in the well preserved Bray Library at Poulton-le-Fylde. Dr. More was an in- 
timate friend and correspondent of Dr. John Worthington. See IVorthingtoft^s Diary 
(Chet. Soc., vol xiii). 

' Dr. Morels philosophical vrritings consist of: I. Antidote against Atheism with 
an Appendix. 2. Enthusiasmus triumphatus. 3. Letters to Des Cartes, &c. 4. 
Immortality of the Soul. 5. Conjectura Cabbalistica. The first edition appeared in 
1662, fo., the fourth in 171 2, fa 

* Select Discourses on Two important points of Divinity ^ by William Allen, And a 
discourse on fcuth by another hand^ London, 1 723, fo. This volume contains a Bray 
Library book-plate, the device of the Angel offering an open book to S. John, on it 
the words " Apoc x. 9. Accipe librum et devora ilium." and underneath, "This book 
belongs to the Parochial library of Boltoo in the County of Lancaster.'* The words 
" Bolton" and "Lancaster " are written, and the rest printed. The last book in the 
list contains two similar book-plates, and was edited by Dr. Bray himself. Dr. Bray 
founded sixty-one Parochial libraries in his lifetime, and a list of them is given in the 
report of Dr. Bray's trustees for 1 769, and several subsequent reports but the only 
one founded in Lancashire according to that list, was at Poulton, which is still in 
existence. Dr. Bray died in 1 730, and the books may have been given by his trustees 
after his death. 

5 Bibliotheca Parochialis : or a scheme of some theological and other heads, as seem 
requisite to be used or occasionally consulted by the reverend clergy. Together with a 
catalogue of books which may be profitably read on each of those points, by Dr. Bray, 
first published in 1697, A^o, A second and enlarged edition appeared in 1707, 8vo. 

* Johannis Amdtii . . . . ZV Vero Christianismo . . . libri quatuor, Ob prces' 
tantiam suam olim IcUine redditi, nunc aulem revisi ac emendaii cura et studio Antonii 

1 18 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

An Appendix to a small Parochial Library.' 

ICnchiridion Ethicum.^ 
♦A Coll[cction] of Psalms.3 
♦Works of Rogers. •♦ 

IVilkeimi /ftVMt\ Actftiit kuic editioni Nmni Pmtfatio dt Vita et ScripHs Amdtiamis, 
I«()nilini, 1708, 2 vols. 8vo. These two volumes still retain their chains, and are in 
giKKl condition. No thcolt)gical work was ever so popular in Germany, or perhaps 
in rrotcKtant Kurope f^cnerally, as this work of Amdt on True Christianity {^Votm 
ttHihmi ChnstfHthHm), The first book appeared in 1 605 at Jena, and according^ to 
tlur notice of Arndt in the Hiographical Dictionary S.D.U.K., the second, third, and 
fourtii books apiH^.-irod in 1609, .ind the fifth and sixth books, completing the work, 
in 1017. It is Miid that, with the exception of the Bible, no book has been so often 
rrpiinlcd, or so much read, in Germany. An edition appeared as late as 1842, at 
Lfipsic, with an Introduction and Life of the Author, by Dr. F. W. Knimmacher. 
The lHM>k was siH'ctlily translated into Dutch, Danish, Bohemian, and other Ian- 
Kua|{i's. A transhitiiui into Tamil, by B. Schulz, was printed at Halle in 175 !• A 
\jx\\\\ translation appearcnl at Luneburg in 1625, which has gone through sereral 
tnlitions. A long account of the first edition of the book (which is stated to be 
^* extrhnemntt ri\rt*\ and of the first edition of the Latin translation, will be found 
in C'lcmcut's IVihliotk^quf Curicuse^ vol. ii. pp. 124-31. Clement makes no mention 
<if the iifth ami sixth lKM)ks ; he gives the title of the Latin translation of 1625 from 
his own copy, fruiu which it ap|K'ars that it contains only four books. This work and 
its author were great favourites of Dr. NYorthington, who has borne testimony to their 
nu'iits in his ChrisiiaHS Pattern, 

Anton Wiihclm Hoohm, chaplain to Prince George of Denmark, and afterwards to 
King Goorge I., publihhed a revised edition of the Latin translation in 1708, a copy 
of which is at Bolton (the title of which is given above), and he added to it an 
ApiKMidix Concerning biM>ks of Controversial Christianity. This he followed by an 
Knglihh translation in 171 2-14, of which a second, more complete and accurate 
edition, appearc<l in 1720. A new English translation, of which Boehm's formed the 
groundwork, was given by W. Jacques in 1815. Boehm, in his preface, speaks of 
the "holy, learned, and pious. Dr. Worthington,'' and gives a long extract firom the 
preface to the Christianas Pattern in praise of Amdt. 

' It is proKible that one of Dr. Bray's tracts (perhaps The Country Curatis Likrctry) 
is intended by this entry. 

* Dr. Henry More wrote a book with the title Enchiridion €thicum pr^tcipua 
moralis philetsophia rudimmta complectens^ Amsterdam, 1668, l2mo. It was trans* 
lilted into Knglish by Edward Southwell in 1690. 

* There is an edition of the Psalms in 8vo. set to music, still at the School, but the 
lille puge is gone. The volume still retains its chain. 

* A copy of the Set en Treatises of Richard Rogers, London, 16 10 {ante^ p. 38), ii 
now At the School. The volume is in poor condition, and has the initials J.L. (pi 
suniably for James Lever) on the binding. 

Bolton School Library. 119 

♦Wheatley*s Prayer. 

London Cases. ' 
♦Seneca's Tragedies. 

Moral do. 2 


Gordon Tyr. Ling. Lat. ^ 

Stapylton's Juvenal. 


♦Seidelius Manuale [Graecae Linguae]. 
♦Clavis Grammatica. 

Tully's Select Orations. 


Dr. Wells* Controversall Letters.^ 
♦History of the Waldenses and Albigenses."S 

Besides the eighteen volumes from the preceding list still 
existing in whole or part at the School, there are preserved in 
James Lever's bookcase, the fifty-six volumes of Humphrey 
Chetham's Church Library, originally placed in the old Bolton 

■ Probably a copy of Dr. Thomas Bennetts Answer to the Dusentrrs* pleas for 
separation; or an abridgment of the London cases, Cambridge. 1700. (A copy is 
in the Bray Library at Poulton.) The proper title of the book, of which it is an 
abridgment, is A Collection of Cctses and other LHscoursa lately wrilttn to recover 
Dissenters to the Communion of the Church of England. (See ante^ p. loa ) 

• One of the numerous editions of Seneca's Morals by way of Abstract, by Sir Roger 
L* Estrange. The first edition appeared in 1678, and the twelfth in 1735. 

3 Alexander Gordon*8 Tyrocinium Lingua Latina, was printed at London in 1664. 

4 Edward Wells, V>X>. (Rector of Blechley, Bucks, and Cottesbach, Leic), died in 
1724. He published several controversial letters to dissenting parishioners, which he 
afterwards collected and issued, with the replies, and some other tracts, under the 
title Treatises designed for the use and benefit of his parishioners, LHssenting as well as 
Conforming, Oxford, 1 707, 8vo. 

s There is now in the library a volume intended no doubt by this entry, with the 
following title, Papal Usurpation and Persecution as it has been exercised in Ancient 
and Modern times with respect to both Princes and People: a fair warning to all Prota* 
tants, London, 1712, fo. It was edited by Dr. Bray. The volume contains two 
book-plates similar to that in Allen's Discourses. 

1 20 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

Church, and of which an account is given on pp. 50-56. It is 
to be hoped that these books, so long believed to be entirely lost^ 
have now reached a final and safe resting place. 

There are also in the bookcase, two imperfect volumes, as to 
which it is uncertain whether they were part of the Church 


Library, or of Lever's bequest, or were given by some other 
donor to the School. The one is the first volume of William 
Perkins' Works, 1608, containing the inscription "John Pimlots 
Booke 1686"; the other, of which the title page is missing; is 
the Works of Ralph Cudworth, 161 3. The volume of Perkins 
may have formed part of the Chetham Library, though the 
autograph seems to make it improbable, and it does not appear 
in the list of the Chetham books. Cudworth certainly formed 
no part of that collection. 

A few books have been added to the library since 1735, but 
the only one possessing any interest is the Tfusaurus Lingua 
LatincB compendiaritis ; or a compendious Dictionary of tlu Latin 
TongiiCy by Robert Aiftsworth, London, 1746, 4to. On the fly leaf 
is written, ** Donum ex Testamento Authoris Boltoniensis Scholar 
quondam Alumni." As the gift of the author, " Bolton's great 
Latin scholar," this book ought to be specially valued. " 

' An account of the author, as well as of the Dictionary, will be found in the 
Dictionary of National Biography ^ vol. L 

Burnley School Library, 121 


The library at this School is the most extensive and the most 
interesting of the old Grammar School Libraries of Lancashire, 
and contains, at the present time, one thousand and forty volumes^' 
Its origin is comparatively recent, only dating back to 1728, but 
as the books which form the library are all of an earlier date, 
having been collected in the preceding fifty years, they are of 
much more interest than might at first sight be expected. Most 
of them had previously formed the library of the Rev. Henry 
Halsted, and the remainder, with the exception of two or three 
volumes, part of the library of a member of the Townley family. 

The Reverend Henry Halsted, Rector of Stansfield, Suffolk, 
by his will dated August S, 1728, after requesting burial in the 
Parish Church of Stansfield, and after devising considerable 
estates in Lancashire to Thomas Townley of Royle, Esq., and 
Edmund Townley, Rector of Slaidbum, in trust for the use of 
his son, Henry Halsted of Bank House, in Burnley, Gent, for 
life, and the remainder in fee to his kinsman. Captain Charles 
Halsted of Rowley, and after making divers charitable be- 
quests for the benefit of the poor of Stansfield, and of the 
widows and orphans of deceased clergymen who had preferment 
in the Archdeaconry of Sudbury, made the following bequest : 
" I give and bequeath to the Master and feoffees of the Free 
School in Burnley in the County of Lancaster all my Library 
of books in my possession at Stansfield as shall be set down and 

' This library forms the subject of an interesting paper by J. L. Ward, Esq., M.A., 
the present Head Master of the School, printed under the title of Tht Burnley 
Grammar School Library. A Paper read before the Burnley Literary and Scientific 
Club, February 22nd, tS8i (Burnley, l88i, 32 pp). I have to thank Mr. Ward as 
well for several letter* containing much interesting information, as for his personal 
kindness, on the occasion of my visit to the library, and I have further to thank him 
(and also the Governors of the School), for lending me the catalogue of the library, 
and several of the rarer volumes which it contains. 

Under the fostering care of Mr. Ward, and the present Governors, we may feel sure 
that this library— of which Burnley may well be proud— will be properly cared for 
and protected. 


1 2 2 Old L ibraries of Lancashire. 

left in a catalogue thereof made to be used and taken care of by 
the Protestant Master and feoffees of the said school in Burnley 
and their successors for ever to be sent to them at the charge and 
expense of my executors." The executors were the Rev. John 
Tisser of Kctten [Kenton], and the Reverend Arthur Kinsman 
of Bury St. ICdmunds. The testator died shortly afterwards, 
ajjed eijjhly-sevcn, and the will was proved at Doctor s Commons 
on the 28th of September in the same year. A portrait of the 
donor appears to have accompanied the books, although no 
mention of it is made in the will. ' 

The library seems to have been augmented very shortly after 
the death of Henry Ilalsted, by the Reverend Edmund Townley, 
Rector of Slaidburn (a trustee of Halsted's will). Many of the 
books have his autograph, or that of other members of the 
Townley family, but what number of books were added by him, 
and whether in his lifetime or by his will does not appear.^ 

In the hundred and thirty years which followed Edmund 
Townley s death, no additions appear to have been made to the 
library, but in 1859, a copy of Virgil (1717), was presented by 

' This |H>rir.iit, which is attrihutetl to Sir Ooilfrey Kncller, was, according to Mr. 
T. T. Wilkinson {l\i^r ott HurnUy Grammar School'vci the Transactions tf the Hisi9ric 
Socutv i'fl.ancashirf atU Cheshire^ 1S69 70, p. 31), at that time at the school, and as 
he says, ** slill without a frame," but it afterwards disappearetl. During a search, 
lately maile by Mr. Artimiale, the clerk to the (.Governors among the records and 
pa|H*rs of the Schoi^K the mi>Mnjj portrait wxs found, and has since been put in a 
suitable frame at the cost of Aldennan Massey, J.T., one of the Ciowmors, and hang 
up in the library of the Cirammar Scluxjl. The extract from Henry Halsted*s will 
alMve given. i> taken from the Raines MSS, (vol. xxxvii. p. 540), Extracts from 
it will lie foum! in the .\\\*i*/a Cfsirifnsis (Chet. SiK., vol. xxi. p. 316). Canon 
Raines al>o s.iys that Henr)- lialsted was of Rrascno^e College, Oxon., M.A. 1664, 
B.I). 1672. Rector of lirace Church of St. Bennet, Lond. InsL, 7 Feb., 167$. Preb. 
of K.ildstreei, in St. raul's. 21 June, 1671. 

* The Rev. Edmund Townley gave some land to the Grammar School in 16961 
Tliis was stild a few years since, ami out of the proceevls of the sale, the present School 
buildings (openetl in 1S74) were erectetl. From the list of the Rectors of Slaidburn, 
in Whitaker's //;/.'.•»»■ atU An:i,j:ntUs 0/ the Deaniry of Cravm, (pp. 5^-40) it 
appears that Kdmund Townley, Clerk. A.M., was instituted Rector of Slaidbom, on 
March 25, i(>90. and held the living until his death, and that his will was piored 
Jan. 10, 1729. 

Burnley School Library. 123 

Mr. Luke Collinge, and in 1879, a copy of the new edition of 
Dr. Whitaker's History of WhalUyy by the Chairman of the 
Governors, T. H. Whitaker, Esq. 

The catalogue spoken of in Henry Halsted's will, cannot now 
be found. 

In July, 1842, the Trustees of the School ordered a catalogue 
to be made of the books, and they were numbered at the same 
time.* From this catalogue it appears that there were then one 
thousand and forty-six volumes. Thirty years later, Mr. Thomas 
W. Shore examined the library, 2 and found seventeen volumes 
missing, but discovered nine which were not in the catalogue. 

" The ordering of this catalogue to be made in 1842, would seem to imply that the 
old catalogue was missing at that time, but Mr. Wilkinson in his paper before mentioned, 
after giving the extract from Halsted's will referring to the books and the catalogue, 
says "The catalogue above alluded to, still remains in the library." It is probable 
that Mr. Wilkinson mistook the catalogue of 1S42 for the original one of Halsted. 
The catalogue, which was the result of this order of 1842, is, in nearly every respect, 
a model to catalogue-makers, of what to avoid. All the folios in the library come 
first, arranged in the order of Greek, Latin, and English, irrespective of what the 
books treat of, and then follow the quartos, octavos, and smaller si^es, treated in the 
same way. The books were at the same time numbered consecutively. A catalogue 
arranged on this principle is almost useless, as even if the exact size of the book 
wanted is known, the search may extend over many pages of the catalogue before the 
book can be found. One or two of the entries show the author to be worthy of a 
place among the most accomplished blunderers in the art of catalogue making. No. 
105 has the title Lex lUferalitatis, but on looking at the book "in the hope," as Mr. 
Ward, the present Head Master says, "of obtaining some information about the rules 
of liberality," it was found to be a fragment of a dictionary beginning with the word 
Ux^ and ending on the first page with libfralitas \ 

I was much puzzled by an entry ** Biblioihfca Ecclesiastica^ Stephanus^ 1562, fo.*^ 
I had never heard of, nor could I find any notice of such a book. On examining the 
▼olume so described, I found it was a copy of Genesis^ Latine^ cum Caiholica ex- 
positiont Ecclesiasticay ex probatis Theologis txcerpta^ a book of rarity and merit, printed 
by Henry Estienne in 1562. 

I sincerely trust that Mr. Ward will carry out his intention of preparing a full and 
accurate catalogue of this library. It is well deserving of such a catalogue. 

• This would be in the year 1 872, shortly before the old School was pulled down. 
The examination of the books may have been authorised by the Trustees (possibly with 
a view to the approaching removal;, for, besides notes in various parts of the catalogue, 
Mr. Shore has appended a memorandum to the effect that the library was examined 
by him on July i, 1872. 

1 24 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

In 1880, when Mr. Ward revised the catalogue, fourteen more 
were missing, but sixteen others which had been omitted, were 
added. The present number of volumes is one thousand and 
forty, of which about fifty are duplicates. Mr. Halsted and Mr. 
Townley having each, it may be presumed, possessed a copy. 

The books were placed in an upstairs room in the old school 
buildings, but in the new School, a room is set apart for them on 
the ground floor, the fittings of which are partly made of oak 
from the old School. 

Coming from the libraries of two clergymen, we are not 
surprised to find that theology is largely represented, though 
there is a good sprinkling of classical, medical, legal, and political 
works. Following the classification of the catalogue of 1842, 
we find that there are three hundred and sixty-eight entered 
as Greek or Latin books, and six hundred and seventy-two as 
English. Many of them are greatly in need of repair, neglect 
and dust having but too surely left their marks upon them,' and 

* How the books have survived in their present comparatively complete state, the 
hardships they have undergone, seems wonderful. The principal use of the Library in 
the old school was as a place of imprisonment, and when a boy was sent there to 
expiate his wi'ong-doing, another generally contrived to be sent after him, no doubt 
actuated by feelings of sympathy, and the pair would amuse themselves by throwing 
the books at each other I The old boys of the School have since expressed their 
contrition to the present Head Master, upon learning the value of some of the books 
they had so badly used. But the books have even suffered worse indignities than this. 
In the year 1872, when the old Grammar School was pulled down, a place had to be 
found to store the books during its re-building. A suitable place was found for them 
in a room over the shed where the Burnley Corporation fire engines are kept, and there 
they remained, uncovered, and exposed to all kinds of adverse influences, for a period 
of four years. It is worthy of remark that, during this time, the mortality amongst 
the books was only a little over one per cent., and amongst the fourteen books which 
disappeared, was Holder's Principles of Harmony ^ which, Mr. Ward says, " is no 
matter of r^et to the Governors, for they know that the book has been useful, that 
it must have been^ell perused, and that the principles enunciated have contributed to 
the happy harmony with wliich the town -government is conducted." The new School 
was finished, and opened, in August, 1874, but the books were left to enjoy their dust 
and repose undisturbed until the year 1876. In that year, the room assigned for them 
was prepared for their accommodation, and the removal of them was entrusted to the 
caretaker of the School, with the assistance of a horse and cart There were about 

Burnley School Library, 125 

nothing in the way of repair seems ever to have been attempted 
since the books came into the possession of the Grammar School 

The majority of the books are bound in calf, and the only 
binding of special interest, is that which encloses a copy of the 
Lucubratianes in omnes Ciceronis Orationes^ printed by Aldus at 
Venice in 1547. This volume at one time was in the possession 
of Edward VI., and has the royal arms with the letters E. R. 
on each side. It has, however, suffered equally with the rest, 
and the binding is in poor condition, but well deserves restoration. 

Many of the books contain autographs, principally of the 
members of the Halsted and Townley families ; and in others, 
successive generations of scholars of the school, have amused 
themselves with writing their names.' 

thirty steps from the roadway up to the room where the books were stored, and to 
use the man's own expression, it would have taken him all day to have carried them 
down, so to save his time and trouble, he backed the cart under the vnndmo of the 
roam^ and borrowed a plank^ and slid the books down into the cart! The wonder is 
how the books survived such treatment However, they did eventually reach the ' 
new school buildings, and were piled up on the floor of the library (without having 
been dusted), where they remained for the space of two years, pending the erection of 
the bookcase. Early in 1878, the bookcase was put up, and the present Head Master, 
who had just come to the School, set the caretaker to dust the books and place them 
on the shelves. 

' The book that has suffered most in this respect, is a copy of an Arithmetic, by 
Leybourn. "Printed in 1657, it appears" says Mr. Ward, *'to have been used by 
successive generations of schoolboys, and is embellished, as school-books used to be, 
with specimens of the scholar's hand-writing and drawing capacity. The first name 
that occurs is John Ormerod, on the next page upside down, right side up, sUnting 
left and slanting right, are the names of John Brown, Eliz. Atkinson, Joshua Hitchon, 
Lawrence Halsted twice ; on the next page, to make assurance trebly sure, Lawrence 
Halsted writes bis name again ; then John Ormerod reasserts his chum, and at the 
head of the page somebody who does not sign his name assures us twice over that 
Fuller is a fool ; two pages afterwards, John Ormerod and Lawrence Halsted both 
claim possession of this half-crown volume ; the latter has a sponsor for his rights, his 
name appearing with *reet by mec Rob Dugdel 1709.* I cannot find one of the name 
of Ormerod in the family pedigree who satisfies all the requirements in point of date ; 
the Lawrence Halsted is no doubt recorded by Whitaker as Lawrence, who died un- 
married, and was buried at Burnley, 1725. In the 'Lawyers Light ' we find his 
name concealed under an easy cryptogram. In 'Justice restored ' he signs his name 

1 26 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

The contents of the library are of no small interest, and show 
the principal collector to have been a scholar and a man of broad 
and catholic taste, one, who if not learned himself, knew at least 
how to appreciate real learning, and did not confine his reading 
to any narrow school, or to any one department. Theology forms 
the largest part of the library. Many of the Latin fathers, writers 
of the Reformation period, English and foreign, and a thoroughly 
representative collection of our best English Divines, are to be 

under two Latin lines of rather dubious I^atinity. His brother, Banastre Hsilsted, 
claims a volume of Erasmus' Colloquies, and the amiable youth gives birth to a poetic 
effusion, which I feel bound to quote even at the risk of incurring the poet's censure : 

'Banastre Ilalsted is my name 

and wiih my ])en I writ the same, 

this is my hand this is my deed, 

he is a fool that doth it read.' " 
There are also autographs of John Ilalsted of Rowley, George Ilalsted of Corpus 
Christi College, Oxford, and Captain Charles Halsted, while many of the books con- 
tain the name of the Rev. Henry Ilalsted. In Pulton's Calendar of Statutes^ is the 
inscription, **A New Years Gift of Richard Towncley of Towneley, to Nicholas 
Towneley of Roylc, Esq., his loving cousin, 1659." This Richard Townley will be the 
celebrated mathematician ; in West's Symboleographyf the same Nicholas spells his 
name Townliey, and in another book as Townley ; R. Townley of Brasenose Coll^[e, 
Oxford, ownetl Gideon Harvey's Principles of Philosophy^ in 1 67 1. The names of 
two Edmund Townlcys appear. In the Mortified Christian^ by Love, one Edmond 
Townley informs us that he was thirty-three years of age in 1656, and under the 
author's portrait is written : 

** Methinkes I heare the beheaded Sts above 
Say each to other, Srs make roome for Love." 
Chistopher Love was Ixheadcd in 165 1 for a conspiracy against CromwelL The name 
of Edmund Townley, the presumed donor of a jxirt ot the library, appears in several 

The late Canon Raines, who was apprenticed to William Coultate, surgeon, of 
Burnley, in 1818, and was to be permitted **to attend the Grammar School in Burnley, 
at all limes during his said apprenticeship, whenever he shall not be employed in the 
proper business of his profession" {Palatine Note Book, vol. ii. p. 156), has left his 
name and the date, Feb., 21, 1820, in L'Estrange's Observator\ and the Afedka 
Praxis of Riverius, has " Will Coultate " in it. In the copy of S. Thoma Aquifuttis 
summa totius Theologicty Geneva, 1626, fo., is **Ex dono reverendi in X^ Patris 
Johannis Episcopi Lincolniensis." This must have been Archbishop Williams, who 
was Bishop of Lincoln, 162 1- 1 642. No other "John" was Bishop of Lincoln until 

Burnley School Library. 127 

found. But though theology has the chief place, yet many other 
departments are fairly represented. The Latin and Greek classics, 
general English literature, science, medicine, and law, are to be 
found ; and indeed, the books on the two latter subjects, lead us 
to the conclusion that the library of Mr. Halsted or Mr. Town- 
ley, must have included the collections of a man of law, and a 
doctor of medicine. 

The first book deserving notice, both for its own value (for it 
ought to be the foundation of every theological library), and as 
being perhaps the book of the greatest pecuniary value in the 
library, is a copy of Walton's Polyglot, 6 vols., fo., a Royal copy. 
The first volume is much injured by damp, but the rest are in 
fair condition. Other editions of the Bible, both Greek and 
Latin, are to be found, but none of special interest. There is a 
copy of The Psalmes of David .... explaned by Paraphrasis 
. . . , Set foorth in Latin by , , , T, Beza, And faithfully trans- 
lated into English by A. Gilbie, and by him new lie purged from 
sundrie faults escaped in the first print, London, Denham, 1 58 1, 
i2mo. Of New Testaments, the fifth edition of the Greek (and 
Latin) Testament of Erasmus (Basle, Froben, 1535), and the 
scarce and useful edition, with the Glossa Compendiaria of Mat- 
thaeus Flaccius lUyricus (Basle, Perna and Dietrich, 1570, fo.) are 
the most important. S. Jerome is well represented, as he deserves 
to be, by two editions, both printed at Basle, one by Froben, in 
nine vols., fo., 1525-6, the other partly by Episcopius, and partly 
by Froben, in five vols., fo., 1565. Both are reprints of the edition 
of Erasmus. Of S. Augustine, there is the Basle edition of 1570 
(ten vols., fo., bound in five), the best of the editions preceding 
those of the Benedictines. Of S. Ambrose, there is the edition 
of Basle, 1567 (three vols., fo.). A remarkably fine copy of the 
Apostolorum et Sanctorum Conciliorum Dccrcta, printed at Paris in 
1540, 4to., is interesting on account of its intrinsic value, its printer 
(Conrad Neobar), all of whose few Greek impressions are ex- 
tremely rare and sought after, and its editor, Jean du Tillet 
(Johannes Tilius), Bishop of S. Brieuc, and afterwards of Meaux, 

1 28 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

by whom it is dedicated, in a Latin preface, to Cardinal de 

Of the Roman Breviary^ there are two editions, that given by 
Plantin, at Antwerp, in 1597, and a later one (1693). Next to 
these, may be mentioned a book which we are agreeably surprised 
to meet with in the library of a country clei^man of the seven- 
teenth century, Postilla sivc Condones in Epistolas et Evangelia 
qua ab advaitu usque adPascha in Ecclesia legeconsuerunt Authore 
A\ Patre D. Joanne Fero, Colonial, 1555, 4to.2 

Mclanchthon's Z^a Communes Tlicologici (Basle, 1562), Peter 
Martyr's Commentary /;/ Epistolam S, Pauli ad Romanes (Basle, 
1 560), Esaicc Prophet ia cum catliolica cxpositione, by Marloratus 
(H. Stcphanus, 1564), Calvin's Institutio Christiana Religionis^ 
(Geneva, 1568), and Bellarmin's Apologia (1609), all deserve men- 
tion. The Fasciculus rerum Expetcfidamm et Fugiendarufn of 
Ortuinus Gratius, is a book which every bibliophile is delighted 
to meet with, and is disposed to treat less seriously than was 
anticipated by its reverend author, or its learned English editor, 
Edward Brown, whose edition (London, 1690) is here.3 A small 
volume must not be omitted containing the original edition of 

' This ]Hv>k seems to have cscai->ed the notice of all Du Tillet's biographers. Al- 
(hoiij;h \a Croix thi Maine, Duverdicr, the editors of Moreri, and the Bkgrt^Ws 
l^ttHfrsflU an<i (iMi^aU^ each devote an article to Du Tillet, and profess to give a 
list of his works, none of them mention this edition of the Apostolorum Dtcreia^ 
which is mt>rr dcMTvinf; t>f notice than any other book written or edited by him, and 
is^ indeetl, the oiily one of his works which retains its value or interest. 

* JohAnn /fV/r/(in I^itin, Kenis), was a Franciscan of Mayence, where he died in 
1554, equally CNtccmcil hy the Trotestants as by the Catholics. He wrote and printed 
in licrman as well a> in 1 .11 in, and Oupin remarks on these PostilLr^ and on his other 
Commcntaiics on Holy Sriipturc. that they are not dry notes, but extended and 
eloquent discoui-se^. A l«>nj; and interesting article on Wild, and his works, will be 
found in (."lemcnt's /^ihh/*tk.^^ur Cftrimsfy vol. viii. pp. 294-30S, and another in 
Nicenm, vol. xxvi. p]>. I<.>S 212, where twenty-eight works by him are enumerated. 

3 This is the hcK\V inteuilc*! hy Ral>c.lais in his catalogue of the library of S. Victor, 
under the title Ars hmrsti prfamH in socirtate ptr M. Ortuinum. But Edward Brown's 
edition has a serious interest and merit. The Afpemiix^ which contains nine hnndred 
and eleven pages comprises numerous works bearing on the contrcrrersy between 
Protestantism and Romanism, many of which, until the publication of this volnme^ had 
remained in manuscript. 

Burnley School Library. 129 

the treatise of Erasmus, De Libera Arbitrio (Basle, Froben, 1524). 
It also contains an edition of Luther's reply, De Servo Arbitrio 
Martini Lutheri ad Des, Erasmum Rot.^ 1526 (no printers name, 
or place), and a copy of the De immensa Dei Misericordia, of 
Erasmus (Antwerp, M. Hoochstrat, 1524). All these are rare. 

Turning to English theology, we find the rarest, and perhaps 
the most interesting book of the whole collection. It is a small 
quarto volume, in a contemporary stamped leather binding, con- 
taining copies of William Tyndale's two tracts, The Obedience of 
a Christian Man, and The Parable of the Wicked Mammon, both 
in black letter, the first, without printers name, or date, but printed 
by William Hill in 1548-9, the second, printed by "William Hill, 
15 December" (s. a., but also 1548-9). Few books obtained 
greater popularity, or contributed more to the spread of the re- 
formed doctrines in England than these two tracts. The Parable 
of the Wicked Mammon was a favourite of Anne Boleyn, and, 
through her influence, of Henry VIII. Hill's are the fifth or 
sixth editions of the tracts, it being doubtful whether those given 
by William Copland about the same time, preceded or succeeded 
them.' There is hardly a name of importance omitted from the 

' The following are the full titles, The Obtdyenci of a Christian Man : And haw 
christen Rulers ought to goveme : wherein also {yfthau marie dylygentlye) thou shalt ftnde 
eyes to perceyve the conveighaunce of all Jugglers, Reade {when soever thou Readeste 
good Christen Reader) with a pure affection, and uprighte Judgmente to Goda moste 
holy Booke, 140 leaves. (Below the title is vrritten, "Thomas Fenrar at Oxford.") 
The Parable of the wyched mammon taken out of the xvi Ca, of Luke with an eX" 
posicyon thereupon lately corrected and prynted. Luce xvi. Facile vobis amicos de mam- 
mon iniquitatis. 60 leaves. On the blank page at the end is written, in a sixteenth 
or early seventeenth century hand, "I payed for this booke 2od." (A copy of this 
edition of the IVicked Mammon, in brown morocco extra, is priced £'j los. in a recent 
catalogue of Quaritch, where 1528 is (erroneously) suggested as the date. 

The first edition of each of these tracts is dated 1528, and the printer is given as 
"Hans Luft at Marlborowe [i.e., Marburg] in the lande of Hesse.'* The same 
printer and place appear in several subsequent editions. Vet it has been suggested that 
they were all printed at Wittemberg, but that Marburg was named, with the view of 
deceiving the authorities. They were reprinted by the Parker Society in 1848, in the 
first volume of Tyndale*s Doctrinal Treatises, Both tracts are included by name in 
the Proclamation of Henry VHI. of Jane, IS30, against erroneoos and heretical 


1 30 Old Libraries of Lancashire, 

list of English theologians. We find the works of Hooker, Jeremy 
Taylor, Chillingworth, Andrews, Sherlock, Stillingfleet, Barrow, 
South, Tillotson, Bull, Beveridge, Burnet, Fuller, Heylin, Hickes, 
Comber, Laud, Leland, Leslie, Prideaux, Perkins, Sanderson, 
Usher, Hoadley, and Atterbury, but none of them are of any 
special rarity or interest. Several of the tracts mentioned in 
Jones's Catalogue of Tracts for and against Popery ^^ are in the 
library. There is also a copy of the Directory of Public Prayer, 
London, 1644, 4to. ; editions of the Book of Common Prayer, 
of 1698, 1706, and 1 7 14; a copy of the Latin Prayer Book of 
Dr. Durel ;- and a copy of A most excellettt and comfortabU 
Treatise for all such as are any manner of way eitlur troubled in 

books (first printed in Xotes and Qu^n'ts, from a copy found in the Chapter Honse^ 
Westminster, and reprinted in Cht^uif Xotfs from *^Xotes ami Queries,*'' History, \%^fi, 
8vo. p. 47), '* these bokes ensuynge, that is to say, the boke entitled the wicked 
Mammona, the boke named the Obetlience of a Christen Man, the Supplication of 
Beggars, and the boke calletl the Revelation of Antichrist, the Summary of Scripture, 
and divers other b^->kes made in the englisshe tonge, and imprinted beyonde y' sec^ do 
conte>'Tie in them pestiferous em.)urs and blasphemies ; and for that cause, shall from 
hensforth be reputeil and taken of all men for bokes of heresie, and worthy to be 
dampned, and put in pen>etuall oblivion.'* Mr. Burtt, who communicated the proclm- 
mation to Xotes and QtterifSy says "The list of books prohibited by the order of 1526 
contains all those mentioned by name in the present prockunation, except the .SaMi- 
mary of Scriptur^y If this were correct, it would show that there must have been 
an earlier edition of both Tyndale*s tracts than that of 152S. Mr. Burtt seems to be 
confusing the order of the Bishop of London of 1526, with the Proclamation of 1534. 
It is certain that the Supplicati^^n of Be^[^rs was not printed until 1528. 

In the paper of which the inside of the binding of the book was composed, Mr. 
Ward noticed some pages of an old English translation of the New Testament, which 
he carefully took out, and had two of them photographed. He forwarded copies of 
the photograph amongst others, to the British Museum, Mr. H. Stevens of London, 
and Mr. Fry of Bristol, and it was recognised as being fragment of the very imre 
edition of Tyndale^s translation, supposed to have been printed by John Oswen at 
Worcester, in 154S, an imperfect copy of which is in the British MuseouL 

' Chet. Soc., vols, xlviii. and Ixiv. 

' This scarce volume was reprinted in i$S2, vrith a bibliography of the work, ftc, 
by the late Rev. Charles Marshall of Harpurhey, and W. W. Marshall The fiist 
edition appeared in 1670. The copy at Burnley is also dated 1670^ but in a letter^ 
written by the Rev. C. Marshall, shortly before his death, to Mr. Ward, he sajs 
" the title page of the copy at Burnley difiers from the usual one, and opens ap the 
question of a second edition in the same year (1670)." 

Burnley School Library. 131 

mind or afflicted in body, by Andrew Kingesmyle. London, C. 
Barker, 1577.' Wharton's Anglia Sacra, 1691, also has a place 
in the library. 

Greek and Latin classics are but sparingly represented, indeed, 
of Greek books there are very few. ** Of the Classical books," 
says Mr. Ward, " Plutarch appears to be the favourite, our four 
editions are dated 1521, 1592, 1620, and 1655." The edition of 
1521, is a copy of the Latin translation of the Lives, printed at 
Paris by Nicholas de Pratis, and is, so far I have noticed, the 
oldest book in the library. It is a reprint of the edition given 
by Josse Bade (Jodocus Badius Ascensius) in the previous year. 
Aristotle only appears in a copy of the Latin translation by 
Strebaeus of the Politica, printed at Paris by Roigny in 1549. 
Terence is represented by a copy of the Venice folio of 1569, 
printed by Hieronymus Scotus.^ Cicero, Herodotus, Livy, Ovid, 

' This is the first edition. No copy is in the British Museam. 

* In 1553, Bart. Caesanus printed at Venice an edition of Terence with the following 
title, P. Terentii Afri Poeta lepidissimi Comadia Omtus, Cum absolutis commentariis 
yEIii DofuUi, Guidonis Juvenalis Cemmtani, Petri Marsi in omtus fabulas : Stephani 
Doleti in Andriam 67* Eunuchum : yoannis Calphumii Brixiensis in Heautontimoru- 
menon. The names of other commentators, whose notes are included, follow, and 
among them are Erasmus, Melanchthon, and Rivius. This edition is stated in cata- 
logues and bibliographical works, to have been frequently reprinted at Venice during 
the following half century. Ebert (whose article on Terence is specially good, being 
in general both accurate and full) writes, ''The following are repetitions of this 
edition. Ven., Bonellus, 1558, ib, id, 1561 or 1563, Ven., Hi. Scotus, 1569. Ven., her. 
Bonelli, 1570. Ven., J. Gryphius, 1586," It is strange that Ebert, who had really 
examined each of these editions, and gives accurately the number of pages in each 
volume, has not noticed — nor indeed has any bibliographer or editor — the changes 
effected in these successive editions. No book could be suffered to be printed in Italy, 
in which were the hated names of Erasmus or Melanchthon. The book collector 
knows, that in books of mere secular scholarship written by them, which come from 
Italy, and which, as containing no matter of heresy were permitted a limited circulation 
there, the names of the authors, and of any other heretic who may be mentioned, are 
carefully obliterated. Accordingly, in the edition of 1558, and those subsequent, the 
notes of Melanchthon and Erasmus have disappeared. Those of Dolet, and Rivius, 
however, at first remained. Their insignificance, it would seem, had protected them, 
and they had been unnoticed, but in 1559, their names had the honour of being 
placed in the First Class in the Index Expurgatorius of the Council of Trent, and 
from and after the appearance of the Index in print in 1564, their notes and their 

132 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

Pliny, Quintilian, Seneca, and Suetonius, are also represented. A 
single volume of the Aldine series is in the library, the copy %A 
the Ltuubrationcs in Ciccronis Oratiofies^ I547> ctlready mentioiied 
— a book in itself, neither uncommon nor of any interest — but 
the binding of Edward VI. gives this copy an exceptional value. 
There arc several impressions of the Elzevirs, but, so far as I 
have noticed, none of them are of any g^eat rarity or interest. 

Amongst other English books in the library, are Darcie*s 
Anuales, the tnic ami royall history of Elizabeth^ London, 1625, 
4to. ; Historic of the Life and Reigfie of that famous Princesse 
Elizabeth, London, 1629, 4to.i; the third volume of Holin- 
shed's Chronicle, 1585, fo.; Stows Survey of London. 1603, 4to.;* 
Wccver's Funeral Monuments, London, 1631, fo.;3 George Wither's 
Britains Kcntenibrancer,'London, 1628, i2mo.;'* Chaucer's IVoriks, 
1602, fo.;S Ilakluyt's Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques and 

nnmcs disapiicnr fnmi the cilitions of Terence given at Venice. None of the 
nicntioniMl by Kl)crt of 1569, 1570, and 1586, nor does any other Venice 
subsequent to 1564, contain the notes of Dolet or Rivius, or those of 
Mclnnchthon. Of the Index Expurgatorius (in which the names of ahnost evecy 
writer of reputation api>earcil), a copy of the edition printed at Lyons in 15S6, is in 
the Burnley libniry. 

' These two volumes are a translation of Camden*s Rerum Anglkarum et HHirm^ 
carum re^^nantf f'UiMhftka, The tirst volume was translated by Abraham Darcief 
from the J*'rcnch tmnslation, made by Paul de Bellegent in 1624, and the transUtor of 
the second was Thomas Hrownc. A copy of the two volumes, bound by Bedford in 
red morocco extra, is markcil ten guineas in a recent catalogue of Quiritchy and a 
copy of the first volume alone four guineas. 

* Tlie last etlition (;ivcn in the author*s lifetime, and that from which the reprint, 
etlited by Thoms in 1842, was taken. 

^ John Wecver was a native of Lancashire. At the foot of his portnit in the 

Fktural MoHuments, arc these lines : 

'* I^nchashire gave him breath. 

And Cambridge education. 

His studies are of death 

Of Heaven his meditation.** 
The work is now scarce. 

* This is included amongst the works of Wither, reprinted by the Spenser Society 
(vols. xxviiL and xxix.). 

' A long description of this edition of Chaucer, will be found in the CeilteUmm 
Angh-Poetua, pt iv. (Chet Soc, vol. Ixxvii), pp. 325-27. Mr. Corser*s copy sold 

Burnley School Library. 133 

coveries, 1598-9, fo.' There are also copies of Milton's Eicono- 
clastes (first edition), 1649, Marvel's Rehearsal Transprosed^ 1674, 
Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy^ 1660, George Herbert's Temple^ 
1674, Hales' Golden Remains ^ 1673, ^wrtoviS History of Leicester- 
shire, 1622, Spelman's Glossarium Archaiologicum^ 1664. 

Among writers on the law will be found Lord Bacon, Brown- 
low, Coke, Fortescue, Filmer, Lambarde, Littleton, Manley, 
Pulton, and Sheppard. There are also copies of the Statutes of 
Queen Mary, dated 1588, Statutes of Henry VHL, 1563, Statutes 
of Elizabeth, 1589, and Rastall's Statutes, 1588 and 1621, also 
several volumes of Reports of Cases, and books on Ecclesiastical 
law. Among medical authors, are the names of Blasius, Bruno, 
Barrough, Culpepper, Castellus, Haworth, Radcliffe, Riverius, 
Salmon, Willis, and Winston. There are also copies of Ray's 
Floray 1702 ; Fromond's Meteorologica, 1670 ; CompUat Gardiner^ 
1699; three volumes of L'Estrange's Observatory and several 
volumes of Tracts. 

The Burnley Grammar School library stands alone among 
the old Church and School libraries of Lancashire in possessing 
a few manuscripts, of which Mr. Ward has kindly furnished me 
with the account which follows. 

■ This copy is unfortunately incomplete, wanting the third Tolume printed in 1600. 

134 Old L ibraries of Lancashire. 

The Manuscripts in the Library of Burnley Gramhar School. 

By J. L. Ward, M.A,, Head Master. 

The manuscripts consist of eight folio volumes of various thickness. 
The most neatly written is bound in vellum, and contains the full text 
of io6 proclamations issued between 1482 and 1601. These pro- 
clamations deal with all sorts of subjects : the concluding of truces or 
treaties of peace with Brittany, Austria, and other countries; internal 
and external trade; prohibiting of exports, especially com, and en- 
couraging manufactures; forestallers and ingrossers; growing linseed 
and hempseed in Lincoln ; the currency, prohibition of Irish and Roman 
coins; attempts at debasement of the coinage; sowing and planting 
of wood; preservation of game ; lotteries; vagrants; retainers; carrying 
weapons ; keeping of Bartholomew's Fair ; against Jesuits and secular 
priests ; government of Ireland ; piracies ; proclaiming of rebels, as the 
Earl of Essex ; calling upon a county to be ready at an hour's warning 
to repel an invasion ; and so on. There are two or three in Latin of 
which the subject is the enrolling of soldiers. The longest are: "a 
proclamation for a free mart to be holden at Calais four times a year, 
and of severall constitutions touching the same," 1506, and "a pro- 
clamation upon the Statute of Winchester and divers other Statutes,** 
1 5 II. This volume has the Royal Arms and motto outside, and the 
water-mark of the paper is the Royal Arms. 

The second volume gives the escheats for the reign of Henry VI. 
It is a large book bound in old rough calf, and has the names of owners 
in red ink with the properties in black. There are many names of 
historical or literary interest : Hugo Courtenay, of Devon, who has nearly 
six pages of properties ; Johanna, wife of Sir Thos. Erpingham, I suppose 
the one mentioned in Shakespere ; Edmund, Earl of March, with property 
in about thirty counties, which covers thirty-five pages; Richard Vere, Earl 
of Oxford; Wm. Tyndale of Northumberland, 1426, and Thomas Tyndale, 
1450; John Oldcastle, 1428; Philip Caxton, 1431; Philippa, Duchess 
of York, wife of Sir Walter Fitzwaulter, 1431 ; Johanna, wife of Sir 
Wm. Beauchamp, fifteen pages ; Matilda, wife of Thos. Chaucer, 1436 ; 
Sir John Howard, and Margaret, his wife, 1437 ; Henry, Lord Scrope of 
Massam; Wm. Paston of Norfolk, 1442; Humphrey, Dukeof Gloucester^ 

Burnley School Library. 135 

and Henry Beaufort, Cardinal of England and Bishop of Winchester, 
1447, w^o with William, Duke of Suffolk, 1449, are mentioned in the 
second part of " Henry VI.**; James, Lord de Say, 1450, executed by 
Jack Cade ; Humphrey, Duke of Buckingham, and Richard, Duke of 
York, killed in the wars of the Roses, 1460. The last two years of the 
reign, when the country was rent asunder by the civil wars, are com- 
bined into one in our list There is one item which breaks the monotony 
of names and property ; in 1438 occurs, " De capSone cujusdam navis 
de Prussia voc y* Holygost" Altogether there are 2124 entries of 
owners. At the end of the volume is a list of Inquisitions of the reign ; 
concerning the escape of prisoners ; Waynflete holidays ; expenses about 
the repairing of the tower and walls of Rokesburgh ; treasure found near 
Coventry ; depredations of ships (the Mary of Portsale in Brittany, the 
Cristofore of Legne in Brittany, the Seynt John of Counde in Spain, the 
Notre Dame de Lormor in Brittany, the Cristofr of Seluys in Flanders, 
the Mary of St Malo in Brittany, the St Yves of Conkemowe in Brittany, 
the Seint Nicholas of Cadexe in Spain) ; of obtaining aid against the 
King of France in the Duchy of Aquitaine. The water-mark of the 
paper used has the Bristol Arms and below " fer John Boven.'* 

The third volume gives a list of escheats from the first year of Edward 
IV. to the second year of Richard III., 146 1- 1484, The name of the 
owner of the property is written in red ink and in print style, the property 
is set down in black. Among the entries are James, Earl of Wilts, 
attainted ; John, Duke of Norfolk, whose possessions in twenty-one 
counties occupy seven pages of description ; Walter Ralegh of Devon, 
1464 ; John, Lord Clifford, and Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland 
(attainted for the 1464 insurrection of the Lancastrians); John Paston 
of Norfolk ; George, Duke of Clarence, attainted, who had property of 
his own right in nine counties, and by his wife in eight more; Sir Thomas 
Malory (translator of Morte d'Arthur); Ralph Neville, Earl of Westmore- 
land ; Anna Bolayne of Norfolk, 1484. There are 13 15 names entered 
in the lists of Edward IV.'s reign, and 94 in those of Richard III.*s reign, 
but many of them are no doubt repetitions. In some cases a side note 
states that the documents from which the copy was made were torn, 
washed, partly illegible, and that some portions were wanting. 

There are two volumes of four to five hundred pages each, containing 
in different handwritings references to deeds or acts pertainiiig to abbeys; 

1 36 Old Libraries of Lancashire, 

though no doubt principally dealing with abbejrs and 
property, the book contains references to other mattersL The 
are given in alphabetical order, beginning with Abbotesbiiry Abbey in 
Dorset; the paragraphs, or references, which are usually four <ir five 
lines in length, are written in Latin, and contain many abbrerialioiis. 
Frequently at the right-hand side of a paragraph is given the name of 
the county in which the property is situated, and allusion is made to the 
following places either as being in Lancashire or as having scxne con* 
nexion with the county through the matters referred to in the paragraph ; 
Bassetheye, Boldi maner, Bouland in Blakebomeshire, Bemoldeswylce 
in Blakbomshire, Burnley, Cartraell, Cokersand, Dulacrese, Dalton in 
Ken dale, Derby, D)'tton, Everton, Evesham, Eccles, Halton maner 
juxta Lancaster, Hertelpoll, Holand, Liverpole, Lancaster, Manchester 
maner, Penwortham, Penhull foresta in Rossendale, Preston, Ryfo^ 
Chester, Thoreslond, Warton maner, Whalley, WheralL The paragraphs 
are of the following character : Whaley Abbia et Capella de Cliderhow 
infra Castru ibm annexa Ecciie de Whaley, pat E 3 A*» 20, pte j. m. 6. 

In the case of the names given above I have preserved the spelling 
given in the book. Both volumes are provided with double clasps^ and 
are bound in old rough calf. 

A goodly-sized volume bound in vellum contains little matter. The 
idea seems to have been to form a set of references to various theological 
subjects. It has at the beginning the name of Edmund Tovmley, and 
the date 1697. The Rev. Edmund Townley, Rector of Slaidbum, was 
bom in 1652 and died in 1729. The numbering of the pages is most 
irregular, 119 for example being followed by 200. One of the books 
most frequently referred to is Dr. Pierce's "Law and Equity of the 
Gospel.'' The manuscript has had several pages cut out of it, and it is 
too fragmentary to be of service to any one. I do not reckon this 
volume among the eight manuscripts. 

The next volume is a law book, beginning with "observations touching 
the ordinairie proceedings in Chauncery." It consists of about 300 pages 
of notes on cases with references given at the side to the subject dis- 
cussed. It treats of matters of diverse kinds, Contempts, Subpcenas, 
Delays, Attachments, Affidavits, Costs, Copyholds, Tithes, Guardians^ 
Bankrupts, and so on. About three-quarters of the way through, the 
handwriting changes, and on the last page (apparently in the ^'pro- 

Burnley School Library. 137 

clamation " handwriting) is the following : " Sabti, 7® Die Febr. 1669. 
The right Hon^« the Lord Keeper taking notice of the trouble and losse 
of time to the Court and expence and delay to the Suitors occasioned 
by putting in exceptions to ms Reportes, many of which do prove 
frivolous and vexatious, doth for prevencon thereof declare and order 
that for the future from this time every person that shall put in excepcons 
to Ms. Reportes shall besides the 405. deposited upon exhiting the same, 
pay ten shillings further costs for every Excepcon or distinct Branch of 
an excepcon which shall upon the hearing thereof bee overruled." 

Another volume is headed with " Liber Cartarum Antiquarum, Litera 
A." Under this heading come thirty-three entries, the first of which is 
" Ecclie S" Pauli Lond et Rectoribus et Servitoribus ejus in oibs terris 
quas ipa ecclia het vel hebit infra Burgam et extra sacam et socam toll 
et theam &a p. Will: primum." This seems to show that the manuscript 
is an index to a list of grants by the Kings. Under each letter of the 
alphabet are put twenty or forty entries, all appearing to refer to the 
reigns of William L and Henry IIL, and those between. Then double 
letters are introduced, A A, B B, and so on, stopping at S S. After this 
follows an index, in which all the places mentioned in the preceding 
part of the volume are arranged under their first letters and references 
given, but the places are not in strict alphabetical order, they having 
apparently been copied out in the order of their occurrence and entered 
under their respective letters. The last fourteen or fifteen pages give a 
list of Popes* Bulls, with dates, the Popes being arranged in alphabetical 
order; of these Bulls there are between 150 and 160. The earliest is 
12 14 by Innocent IIL, "Nobili viro Eustac de Vesci de concordia 
inter Regem Johem et Barones suos," and the latest is " De tractat int 
Nuncios Regis Angl Magri Prussie et Civitatum Hanse de dampnis, 
&c,'' 1449. Many complaints of these being cut, torn, washed, and 
destroyed, are added. The index to these Bulls completes the volume. 
The handwriting in this volume seems to change frequently, the indexes 
almost looking as if they had been made by the same man who wrote 
the proclamations in the first volume. 

There is a manuscript list of books arranged under first letters ; it has 
been made by two persons, and the list written by the first compiler has 
been crossed, the second list is in same handwriting as the proclamation 
volume ; as most of the books are also in our library, I consider it is not 

1 38 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

unlikely to have been written by one of the givers of our libiaxy, the 
Rev. Km Townley, or the Rev. H. Halsted. This manuscript has a very 
(lilapidatcil appearance. It is most likely that some of these manuscripts 
have ronio to us through Laurence Halsted, bom in 1638, Keeper of 
the RecoRls in the Tower of Lx>ndon. In one book was found a slip of 
paper, with an invitation to Mr. Sandys to go with the writer to dine at 
Dr. Tayllor*s ; the signature to this is L. H. 

Bury School Library, 139 


Henry Bury of Bury, clerk, whose bequest for the foundation 
of a library at Manchester, has been already noticed,' was a still 
greater benefactor to his native town, where his name ought ever 
to be had in honour. 

In or about 1625, he founded a free school at Bury, and en- 
dowed it with three hundred pounds, and in the codicil to his 
will,2 he makes provision for its government, and the investment 
of the money, so soon as by other gifts it shall have reached six 
hundred pounds, but the endowment appears to have been lost, 
either by a law-suit, or by the carelessness of the trustees, and 
the school house, having been built upon the Earl of Derby's 
land, he afterwards claimed the right to nominate the master.^ 

Besides these gifts, Henry Bury, by his will made the following 
bequests : •* I geve twelve pounds to mak a loft with (needfull 
stuffe being pvided and brought to the place by the parishc) in 
the lower end of Bury Church for people to sitt in or betwen the 
church and the chancell wher the roode loft was woont to be and 
I doubt not but that the good Erie of Darby (if he be thereunto 
by petission moved) will with all his hart allow timber enough for 
church schoole and some convenient place for the liberary . . . 

" Whearas I have already geven to certain ffeffoes in trust for 
the use of Bury parish and the cuntrie therabouts of ministers 
also at ther metinge and of schole maisters and others that seek 
for learninge and knowledge above six hundreth bookes and some 
other such things as I thought might helpe for ther delight and 
refresh students as globes mappes pictures and some other things 
not evy wheare to bee scene now my will is ther be so manie 
songe books added to them as may make the wholl number sixe 
hundreth sixty and six . . . There be certen wrytings w«^ I would 
have alwaies to goe w^ myne executors or the ffeffoes for the 

■ AnU^ p. 5. 

* Wills andlnventorus {Chti. Soc., vol. liv.), p. l8o. 

) NUUia Cistriensis, vol. il (Chet. Soc, vol. xix.) pp. 50-32. 

140 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

lilxrrary viz. the donacon and erection of Croyden hospital! notes 
of liury lordsliip and the parsonage ther the schooles of Ryving- 
ton Midlcton Hun{;ary ]^ury Saint Edmundes and Moulton with 
Ahncrs legacies and other good patterns .... All my books 
globes rnapps papers not formerly gevcn I geve to Henry Bury 
of Tottington and to Henry sonc of James Holt and Henry 
liury of Wensley with a charge that when the yongest of them 
shall^e four and twentie ycares ould they show them to Mr. Hey- 
wood Mr. Wodecroft and Mr. Lever or ther heires and let them 
take out of theni what they think fitt for the liberary at Bury 
and geve tlie rest to my frends to remember mee withall."' 

I ienry Wwxy died in 1636, and this extract from his will shows 
tliat he had already provided a library for the benefit of his 
fellow townsmen of Bury, and of the ministers and others of the 
neighbourhood, but I can find no record of the library, nor any 
trace of its existence, other than the reference contained in the 
will, and the seven volumes hereafter mentioned. 

In the year 1726, the Rev. Roger Kay, M.A., a grandson of 
Roger Kay of Wood Hill, Ksq., one of Henry Bury's executors. 
devised certain lands in the parish of Rochdale as an endowment 
for the (]ranunar School of Bury, and made a provision that his 
trustees '• should yearly as they should see fit, expend in useful 
school books to be read and learned in the said Free Granunar 
School by the poor boys there the sum of £\!* 

\\\ the same year the donor drew up statutes for governing the 
SciuH>l, and amonj;st them arc the following : *• That the trustees 
slu>uld pay the master £\ yearly on the day of the visitation 
which ho should lay out in buying books and that he should gfive 
thorn to such poor boys as should be most deserving some of 
such IxHiks to be given to the poor boys under the usher's care 
not oxcocnling the value of 20s, 

Thai when any exhibitioner obtained a preferment in the 
world of /,Mot> ho was to give a handsome present in money to 
the strong chest, and was to be reminded of it by the trustees. 

• Wilis Amii Iwtrmti^-m (Chcl. Soc, vol. \\xX pp. 176, 17S-9. 

Bury School Library. 141 

That the money in the strong chest should remain as a standing 
fund to supply all deficiencies that should happen . . . and when 
it could be done furnish the study belonging to the school with the 
most useful school books for t/te use of the master and the uppermost 
scholars** ' 

It was reported by the Charity Commissioners, that of the sum 
of four pounds allowed by the founder for books, three pounds 
was applied for the purchase of books of reference for the upper 
school, and also a pair of globes for the use of the scholars, and 
the remaining one pound was applied for the use of the lower 
school in somewhat the same manner, and in the annual pay- 
ments there appears the sum of four pounds for books for the 
use of the school library. 

When the present Head Master (Rev. W, H. Howlett, M.A.) 
was appointed, in 1880, he found in various cupboards in the 
School between three and four hundred volumes of old books, 
some classical and mathematical, which appeared to be the re- 
mains of the old school library ; some theological, having, ap- 
parently, formed part of a Bray library, which it appears at some 
time had been placed in the Head Master's house for the use of 
the clergy of the neighbourhood. 

The Head Master has caused the books which he found in the 
School to be removed to his house, where they now are. An 
examination of them has resulted in the discovery of the follow- 
ing books, which seem to have formed part of Henry Bury's 
library : 

Contra Hieron. Osorium ejusque odiosas insectationes pro 
Evangelicae veritatis necessaria Defensione, Responsio 
Apologetica deinde suscepta et continuata per Joan. 
Foxum. London. J. Day. 1577. 4to.2 

An imperfect copy of the second volume of Francis Picco- 
lomini's Libri de sciential naturae quinque partibus. 4to.^ 

• Notitia CestrUnsis, voL ii. (Chcl. Soc., voL xix.) pp. 31-32, Report of thi Charily 
■ The name of " Henry Bory'* is written on the title page, part of which is torn oft. 
s This Tolttme also contains the name " Henry Bury.** 

1 4 2 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

Joannis Sturmii in Partitiones Oratorias Ciceronis Dialog! 
Quatuor. 8vo.i 

There is also a copy of the first volume of a Latin translation 
of Aristotle's Natural Philosophy (Coloniae. 1568, 4to.), and im- 
perfect copies of Erasmus* Paraphrase of the Epistles in Latin 
(Basle, 1532, fo.), Jewel's Defence of the Apology, and a black 
letter volume of Statutes, all of which are numbered in a similar 
manner to the three books before mentioned, and may also have 
formed part of the library given by Henry Bury to his native town. 

The classical and mathematical books appear to be generally 
those which have been bought from time to time with the £/^ 
directed by Roger Kay to be yearly expended in books, and are 
merely school books, not possessing any special interest^ 

' II. B. is impressed on the binding of this book, which is imperfect 
* The Rev. W. H. liowlett (to whom I am indebted for information and assistance) 
informs me that a part of the theological books were some time since transferred to tlie 
Conser\'ative Club, and still remain there. An examination of these books would 
possibly resalt in the discovery of more of the books given by Heniy Buiy. 

Hawkshead School Library, 143 


The Grammar School of Hawkshead was founded in the year 
1584 or 1585, by Edwin Sandys, Archbishop of York." 

The foundation of the library dates from about the year 1669. 
The manner in which it was originally formed is unique in the 
history of the old School libraries of Lancashire, and shows a 
public spirit worthy of great commendation, in the individual 
most concerned. Daniel Rawlinson, Citizen and Vintner of Lon- 
don, and a native of Grisedale, near Hawkshead, being desirous 
that the Grammar School of Hawkshead should possess a library, 
gave a number of volumes to the School, and at the same time 
induced others to do the same. His efforts in this direction, 
spread over a period of about ten years, seem to have met with 
much success, as appears in the growth of the library. The first 
list of the books in 1670 contains forty-four entries, in 1674 the 
entries were sixty-seven in number, while in 1679, the year of 

' An interesting relic of the founder is the Bible he used in his own family, still 
preserved at the School. It is a copy of the third edition (1572) of the "Bishop's 
Bible,** of which Archbishop Sandys himself translated the Books of Kings and 
Chronicles. Up to the year 187S, this volume was, with the whole of the library, shown 
to visitors, but in that year, immediately after a party of Americans had visited the 
School, it was discovered that a portion of the binding of Archbishop Sandys' Bible 
had been cut off and taken away, evidently as a relic ! To prevent any further 
depredations, the Bible was put in an oak case with a glass top, which is kept locked. 
The case bears the following inscriptions : " The Bible in this case belonged to Edwin 
Sandys, Archbishop of York, who was bom at Esthwaite Hall, near Hawkshead, 
Lancashire, in 15 19. Educated at St John's College, Cambridge, and appointed 
Vice-Chancellor and Prebendary of Peterborough, 1 548, imprisoned in the tower by 
Queen Mary for his religious principles during the persecution of Protestants in her 
reign, and thence escaped to Strasburg, recalled from exile by Queen Elizabeth, and 
appointed Bishop of Worcester, 1559, Bishop of London, 1570, Archbishop of York, 
1576, died at Southwell in Nottinghamshire 1 1 July, 1588, aged 69. He founded and 
endowed the Grammar School of Hawkshead, and wrote the statutes." "This box 
was given to the Governors of Hawkshead School by Major T. Myles Sandys of 
Graythwaite Hall, 1878." The sUtutes of the School which the Archbishop wrote, 
are p r eserved in a curious chest made out of the trunk of a tree. 

Besides this Bible there is an edition of the Archbishop's Sermom in the library, and 
there are, or were, books written by three of his sons. 

144 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

Rawlinson's death, they had increased to one hundred and four- 
teen. Rawlinson had obtained these books from no less than 
seventy-five different donors, which alone shows his determination 
and pertinacity, and the spirit with which he carried out his idea.' 
The following is a list of the books in the School library in 

' Daniel Rawlinson, as appears from an inscription in one of the books in the 
library, was the son of Thomas Rawlinson of Graisdale, in the parish of Hawkshead. 
It is probable that he received his education at the Hawkshead Grammar School, and 
afterwards went to London ; the donor of one of the books is Sir William Wale, and 
in the catalogue the statement follows that Daniel Rawlinson was "sometime his 
servant." Daniel Rawlinson carried on his business of vintner at the "Signe of the 
Miter in Fan-church Street, London." In 1669 (about the time of the formation of 
the library) he gave /"icx), the interest of which was to be devoted to various uses in 
his native parish. Amongst these uses was one that every fifth year the interest was 
to be appropriated for buying books for the School, and the salary of the writing 
roaster. From the Account Book of the Charity, it appears that this interest was ex- 
pended principally in paying the wiiting master's salary, and in purchasing writing 
paper. An occasional grammar seems to have been the only book bought. As this 
was done in the donor's lifetime, it is probable that he consented to the money being 
so expended. The principal was entirely lost about I755f through the holder of it 
becoming bankrupt. In 1675, Daniel Rawlinson rebuilt the school {Notiiia Cestriensis^ 
vol. ii. Chet. Soc, vol. xxii. p. 521). He also ordered £j per annum to be settled 
by his son, to be given to the Minister and Clerk of Hawkshead for reading Divine 
Service every Monday morning {Ideniy pp. 518-19), and was also a benefactor to Sat- 
terthwaite Chapel {Idem^ p. 523). He died in 1679, and was buried in the Church of 
St. Dionis Backchurch, Lime Street, London, to which he had been a donor. The 
following inscription was placed on his monument : H.S.E. Sub marmore prope 
posita. In expectatione beata: Resurrection is, Corpus Danielis Rawlinson Civis & 
Gilnopulae Londinensis Honesta & Antiqua familia Graisdaliae in Agro Lancastrensi 
Oriundi, Si annos spectes, satis diu Vixit, Si Beneficia, premunt Annos, Si animo agitata 
prsematura morte abreptus est. Obiit Anno iEtatis LXV Idibus Quintil 1679. Jacent 
juxta sepulti Margareta Uxor, Daniel filius natu maximus, Elizabetha filia, Maria filia. 
Quae fuit Uxor Johannis Mazine Armigeri, et Rawlinson Mazine Infans Nepos & Unica 
Marine Proles. Monumentum hoc Patris Memorise sacrum P. P. Thomas Rawlinson 
filius Superstitum natu Maximus." (Stow's Survey^ bk. ii. p. 154.) Thomas Raw- 
linson was Lord Mayor of London in 1706, and received the honour of knighthood. 
His name occurs among the donors of the library. 

' There are two lists of the books preserved in the Account Book of Daniel Rawlin- 
son*s Charity, which has been kindly lent me by the Governors of the School, the one 
compiled in 1670, with the additions to 1674, the other made in 1679. I give the list of 
1679 in extensoy as it contains all the books given up to that year, in which Rawlinson 

Hawkshead School Library. 145 

" A Catalogue of bookes given to the Free-Grammar of Hawks- 
heade in Lane : by Mr. Daniell Rawlinson & others at his re- 
quest : " » 

died. I have noted any difference there may be in the two lists. Following the title of 
the book in the list is in every case the name of the donor, and amongst them will be 
found names as well of general as of local interest. Ranging from Archbishop San- 
croft to the Parish Clerk of Hawkshead, they are evidence of the trouble Rawlinson 
must have taken in procuring the books, as to many of the donors, we may suppose 
that even the name of Hawkshead would be unknown. On the blank page before 
the catalogue of 1679, in the Account Book is written, "This Catalogue agreeth with 
Mr. Daniel Rawlinson's." Mr. J. P. Earwaker has called my attention to the &ct 
that among the deeds and charters in the Bodleian Library, " Lancashire Rolls, i," is 
" A Catalogue of the Books presented to the Grammar School of Hawkeshead by 
Daniel Rawlinson, Citizen and Vintner of London, and friends at his request.** This 
was formerly in the Rawlinson collection of manuscripts, collected by Richard Raw- 
linson, LL.D., the well-known antiquary, and grandson of Daniel Rawlinson, and 
seems to be that noted in the Account Book, with which the catalogue given above 

On the blank page before the catalogue of 1670 is written : " The presse wherein 
the bookes belonging to the Schoole are laid, was given by Mr. Edwin Sand3rs of 
Easthwaite, Gent. 1670,** and in another part of the Account Book it is called, " a 
large presse given by Edwin Sandys to lye bookes in schoole loft. ** The library is 
now in an upstairs room at the School in a bookcase, the lower part of which, con- 
taining the smaller and more modem books, is enclosed with doors, but the upper 
part of which, containing all the larger books, is open. This bookcase was probably 
erected by the Rev. Thomas Bowman, M.A., Head Master, in 1789. 

The books marked * were examined by Mr. Cree on Nov. 29, 18^(4, but the utter 
confusion in which he found the library, and the extraordinary accumulation of dust, 
prevented anything like an exhaustive examination of the books, and no doubt many 
that are not so marked are still in existence. No fire had for a long time been possible 
on account of the chimney smoking, and the library seemed entirely given over to the 
ravages of the enemies of books. The bindings, as may be imagined, are generally 
very much out of repair, and the Governors of the School, willing as they may be to 
set the library in order, say that they have no money to apply for such a purposes 
The Rev. R. M. Samson, B. A., the present Head Master, sUtes that in the summer of 
1884, a descendant of Daniel Rawlinson visited the School, and expressed a desire to 
have the books repaired. It is to be hoped that this will be done, and the library 
made worthy of the School that is proud of having Archbishop Sandys as its founder, 
William Wordsworth as one of its most distinguished scholars, and Daniel Rawlinson, 
and the Rev. Thomas Sandys among its benefactors. 

' The catalogue is in the handwriting of John Sadler, Master of the School in 1679. 
The books themselves are not in general of much value. The most interesting part 
of the catalogue is the names of the donors. 


lUiLdil^ i- .- 

1 46 Old L ibranes of Lancashire, 

*A greate English Bible of the first translation after the 
Reformation in Foil.' 
Homers Iliads translated into English & adorned with 

sculptures by John Ogilby Esq. FolL 
Virgin's workes translated into English & adorned with 
sculptures by John Ogilby Esq. Foil. 
•.-Esopics translated into English and adorned with sculpture 
by John Ogilby Esq. F0II.2 
Goldman's Dixionar>' in 4to. 
Scrivelii manuale Lexicon in 8vo. 
•G'XKi'.vin's Roman & Jewish & Rouse s Greeke Antiquities 
in 4to. [1661.] 
Scapula's Lexicon Graecolatinum. Foil. 
Vo^^iLi-s de Arte Grammatica, in 2 tomes. 4to-^ 
Ail these were given by Mr. Daniel Rawlinson, Vintner at the 
signe of the Miter in Fan-church street, London. 
*Foxe"s Acts & Monuments in Foil. Given by Mr. Wil- 
liam Gibbons.-* 

' The remaics of this Bible are still in the library. It b a copy of the Bishop's 
Eih,Ie, either of the nrit e^litioo, which was printed in I56S» or of the reprint of 1 572. 
The ccpy ii imperfect a: the be$;inning and end, and the first part of the New Testa- 
men: Li iLio mioaing. There is an inscription in it to the effect that it was giTen by 
Daniel Rj.7linscn, son of Thomas Rawlinson of Graisdole, in the parish of Hawks- 

There are elaborately Nourished inscriptions in nearly oil the books given and 
obtained by Rawlins*3n, most probably written by the writing master of the School 
for ±e time b<ing. They aze nearly all in the same form. The following is a oopj 
of one contained in Fuller's .-//^.M*-' c/* Inrund lttn^\inci^ l659i fo. " This book was 
given the joch of October 1674. by Mr. John Hardy of Bonehill near Finsboiy in the 
Cocnty of Midd : unto the Free Grammar Schoole in llawkeshead in the County of 
Lancaster at the request of Mr. Daniel Rawlinson Cittizen and Vintner of London." 

* A copy of the edition of 166S, of Ogilby 's paraphrase of .fisop. The plat< 
mostly by Hollar. 

5 There are several volumes of the works of Vossius still at the school, 
which is a copy of the C>.^mfmniJtrii Rk^Hjrty.-i^ I-ugd. Bat.» l^3> 4ta, not included in 
the above list, containing an inscription to the etTcct that it was given by Miles DoddSn^^ 
Esq., of Conished. 

♦ This is a copy of the very rare first edition (1562-3) of Fox's Book of Bfartyn* 
and like most, if not all the copies in existence, is imperfect The two copia in the 

. ^>^\ 

Hawks head School Library. 147 

*A Latine Bible of the Translation of Junius and Treme- 

lius in 4to.i 
*De La Cerda on Virgill in 3 voll: in Foil. Given by Mr. 
Dan : Rawlinson affores^. 2 
Cooper's Dixionary in Foil. 
•Erasmus Adages in Foil. [Hanoviae, 1617.] 
*Stephanus' Dixionary Historicall Geographical! and Poeticall 
Augmented by Lloyd, in Foll.^ 
Lambin's Commentary on Horace in 4to. 
Casaubon's Annot : on Persius in 8vo. 

British Museum each want a leaf, as did Mr. Douce's copy, now in the Bodleian. 
There is a copy in the Manchester Free Library wanting signatures A, B, and C $, at 
the beginning, and fourteen leaves at the end. The Hawkshead copy (so far as could 
be ascertained by a necessarily brief examination) wants the title page, and ten pages 
of the index at the end of the book. At the end of the preliminary matter is written, 
" This booke was given the 28*^ day of October 1670 by Mr. William Gibbon Treasurer 
of Christ Church Hospitall in London to the Free Grammar Schoole in Hawkshead 
in the County of Lancaster upon the desire and request of Mr. Daniel Rawlinson 
Cittizen and Vintner of London who was borne in the said parish. " On the binding 
is impressed, ** 1670, Mr. William Gibbon to the Free Grammar Schole of Haxhead 
in the Countie of Lancaster." The binding of the volume is in very bad condition, 
and is urgently in need of repair. It is to be hoped that this will soon be done, and 
a proper collation of the book made. A long description and collation of the book 
will be found in Dibdin*s edition of Ames' TypographUal AniiquitUst vol. iv. pp. 82- 
94, and Lowndes also gives a collation, which does not quite agree with Dibdin. In 
a recent catalogue of Quaritch, a copy in blue morocco, wanting ten leaves at the 
beginning, and six at the end, as well as four leaves of woodcuts, is marked £^^ lOr., 
atid another copy in purple morocco, having seventeen leaves reprinted, £6^. 

' A copy of the second (first London) edition of this version, 1580^ 4to. In the 
list of 1670 there follows, "given by Mr. John Sands who was borne at Foule-yeate 
in Hawkeshead parish." 

* The Commentaries of Jean Louis de La Cerda, a Spanish Jesuit, on Virgil, the 
first edition of which appeared in 1608-17, passed through several editions. The copy 
at Hawkshead is of the edition of Colonia Agr., 1628. 

> A copy of the edition, printed at Oxford, 1670, of Charles Estienne*s Dkticnarium 
Historicmm, edited by Nicholas Lloyd, and which gave its editor a high reputation, 
not only in England, but on the Continent, where it was acknowledged as superior to 
any of the previous editions of Charles Elstiennc*s book. A second, and in many 
respects improved edition (London, 1686), was given after the editor's death, and waa 
several timex reprinted on the Continent. It is generally cited at Lloyd's Dictionary. 

148 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

These arc given by Mr. James Bownas Master of the Schoole 
of Hawkshcadc.' 
♦Dclrius upon Seneca in 4to. Given by Mr. John Sand}^ 

The History of China translated into English by John 
Ogilby lisq. Given by John Wilson Gent. FolL 

♦Hooker's li^cclcsiasticall politic in FolL Given by Curwen 
Kawlinson Esq.^ 

♦Spencer's Things new & old. Foil. Given by Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Howkins of Hadley in the County of Midlesex.* 

♦Oiodatcs Annot on the Bible in English 4to. 

♦Purchas's pilgrimage in five books bound in one VoUume in 
Foil. 5 

♦Robert's Map of Commerce. Foll.^ 

♦listwick's Confutation of Biddle's Socinian Catechisme in 

4to. Given by Mr. John Honnor of Hadley in Midlesex. 
♦Dr. Peter Heylin's Geography in Foil. Given by Mr. Thomas 

Kawlinson sonn to Mr. Dan. Rawlinson affores*.7 

' James Hownas was Master 1669-71. 

• The cflition of Antwerp, 1613. The list of 1 670 records that John Sandys 
*• Ikirne at Oraithwate Feild-head in the Parish of Haukeshead in Lancashire.** 

' The fifth edition, printed by Stansbye, London, 161 7. Carwen Rawlinson 
the eldest son of Robert Rawlinson of Carke in Cartmel. 

♦ Things NrM and Old: or a Storehouse of SimilUs^ Sentences^ Allegories^ Apopk' 
thfgmSf AdagieSf Apologues ^ Divine^ Morally Politicall ^c^ with their severol AppiUa^ 
tions. London, 1C58. The author, John Spenser, was librarian of Sion College. 

5 There is a copy of the third volume of Purchas his Pilgrimes, dated 1625, now at 
the School, which is no doubt the volume referred to by this entry. 

^ A copy of the first edition (1638) of this work of Lewis Roberts. It has some 
commendatory verses by Isaac Walton. 

7 Thomas Rawlinson was a vintner like his father. He was an Alderman of the 
City of London, and Lord Mayor in 1706, when he received the honour of knighthood* 
In Strype's edition of Stow's Survey of London, bk. iii. p. 42, is " Guildhall was 
again repaired and beautified An. 1706. And over the great porch is written Reparata 
& Omata Tho. Rawlinson Mil. Maior Ann. I)om. 1706." He was buried in St. Dionis 
Backchurch, and there is a long Latin inscription on the monument to him and his 
family in that church. A copy of it will be found in the folio edition of Seymour's 
Survey of London, bk. ii. p. 418-19. Thomas Rawlinson, his eldest son, is the 
" Bibliomaniac " of whom Dibdin speaks in glowing terms in his Bihliomama, the lale 

Hawkshead School Library. 149 

An old Rider's Dixionaiy in 4to. Given by Mr. George 

Wilson of Field-head Hawksh : 
Duplessis de Veritate Religionis Christians in 4to. Given 
by Mr. Chr. Edmondson Minister of HawkesheadeJ 
*EccIesiae Anglicanae suspiria in quatuor libris a Johanne 
Gaudeno. Foil. Given by Mr. Dan : Rawlinson 
♦M. TuUius Cicero's workes in lat. 4to. Given by Mr. John 

*Ld Bacon*s workes in lat. Foil. Given by Mr. Allen Wil- 
son Vintner.^ 
♦Dr. Skinner's Lexicon in Foil. [London, 1671.] Given by 
Thomas Archer of the County of Warwick Esq. 
The History of Independency. 4to. Given by Benjamin 

Barron of the County of Glocester Esq. 
Hesychii Lexicon 4to. Given by Mr. John Howkins of 
Hadley in the County of Midlesex. 

of whose large library took place at intervals, from December, 172 1 (between three 
and four years before his death), to March, 1733-4. Dibdin gives a list of the various 
catalogues. {.Bibl. [181 1], p. 45S-) 

' A copy of the fourth edition (16 1 7, 4ta) of the English translation of this book 
of Philip de Momay (see atUe, p. 36) is now at Hawkshead, and is probably the volume 
intended by the above entry. At the beginning is written, "pr. 5s at Manchester. 
May 19, S3.** Christopher Edmondson was Vicar of Garstang from 164$ to 165$. 
Some account of him will be found in the History of Garstang (Chet Soc., vol. cv.), 
pp. I S3-4. Watt mentions a Christopher Edmondson as the author of a Sermon on Ps, 
xxxix. 12, 1664, i2mo. This may be the same person. The list of Ministers of 
Hawkshead, in Baines, begins with Thomas Bell, who was succeeded in 1 713 by 
Richard Swainson. Christopher Edmondson died or resigned some time before 1677, 
and was succeeded by Henry Nicholson, as the latter in that year received the interest 
of Daniel Rawlinson*s gift of ;^ioo, which was every fifth year to be given to the 
Minister of Hawkshead. The recipient in 1682 was the Thomas Bell mentioned by 

* EceUsia Anglicana Suspiria. The Tears, Sighs, Complaint, and Prayers for the 
Church of England ; setting forth the former constitution compared with her present 
condition. Also the visible causes and probable cures of her distempers, London, 1659. 

s A copy of Cicero's De Officiis^ Lugd. Bat., 1690, is now at the School. 

* This is a copy of the second Latin edition of Bacon's works, printed at Francfort, 
1665, fo., and is more complete than that edited by Rawley, London, 1638. Allen 
Wilton is described as " Citizen and Vintner '* in the list of 1670. 

150 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

Pasoris Lexicon Novi Testamenti. 8vo. Given by Mr. John 

Howkins affores^. 
Gerardi Joannis Vossii Etymologicum linguae latinae. Foil. 

Given by Mr. John Flavill of Birchen- Lane, London.^ 
♦Cambden's Britania in English. Foil. Given by Thomas 

Martin One of the Gentlemen of his Ma'y^ privy chamber 

in ordinary.2 
♦Minsheu's Dixionary in Foil. Given by Mr. Joseph Thomp- 
son Rector of St. Dunstanes in the West London.^ 
*Fax nova linguae latinae a P. Jaz-Berenyo in 8vo. Given by 

Major Nathaniel Brookes in Cornhill London.* 
*The famous & memorable workes of Josephus in English. 

Foil. Given by Mr. John Tilletson Gent.s 
The Old Testam* in Heb. the new in Greeke with David's 

psalms in Eng-meeter all bound together. 8vo. 
Pagnini Thesaurus linguae sanctae. 8vo. Both these last 

named were given by Richard Hutton Rector of Bootle 

in Cumberland.6 
♦Homer's Odysses translated into English, adorned with 

Sculpture & illustrated with Annotations by John 

* John Havill is described as " Coffe-man in London" (1.^., CofTee-house keeper), 
in the list of 1670. 

* A copy of the edition of London, 1637. 

3 This is a copy of the second edition (London, 1627) of Minsheu*s Guide unto 
Tongues^ and contains only nine languages, viz. : English, Low Dutch, High Dutch, 
French, Italian, Latin, Spanish, Greek, and Hebrew. The first edition (published in 
161 7) contains Welsh and Portugese in addition. 

* Of Paul Peter Bcronicius, or Jasz-Bermy^ a Transylvanian poet and scholar who 
passed many years in England, the only accounts that I know are those in Jocher's 
Allgenteines Lexicon^ and Hoffman's Lexicon UnivtrsaU. 

5 A copy of Lodge's translation, London, 1670. In the list of 1670, Tilletson is 
described as " Receiver Generall for the Deane and Chapter of the Cathedrall Church 
of St. Paul's London." There was a John Tillison, gentleman, appointed Clerk of 
the Works for the rebuilding of St. Paul's after the Great Fire, and he may be the 
same person as this John Tilletson. Malcolm's Londinium Redvvvvium^ 1803-7, v^^* 
iii. pp. 85-7, loi. 

^ Richard Hutton was Rector of Bootle from 1660 to 1704, when he died, aged 71 

Hawkshead School Library. 151 

Ogilby Esq. Fol. Given by Mr. John Viner Distiller 
at the Hermitage near Wapping.* 
An Exposition of the Epistle to the CoUossians delivered in 
several sermons by Edw: Elton Minister at Bermondsey 
near Lond. Fol. Given by Mr. John Hardy liveing at 
Bonehill [near Finsbury]. 
The Patterne of Chatechisticall Doctrine at lai^e by Bp. 
Andrews. Fol. Given by Mr. Lawrence Stanyan. 
♦An Exposition of the Creed by Dr. Jno. Pearson now Ld. 
Bp. of Chester. Fol. [1669.] Given by Mr. Dan. Rawlin- 
son afforesd.2 

The workes of Edward Reynolds D.D. now Ld. Bp. of Nor- 
wich. Fol. Given by Mrs. Elizabeth Benson wife of 
Mr. Thomas Benson, late Master of the Wor^ Company 
of Vintners. 

A booke in Fol. called the Manners of men written originally 
in Lat by Juvenall, translated into English by S*" Robert 
Stappleton Kn^ Given by Chr. Nicholson of Newcastle 
upon Tyne Merchant. 
♦The History of the world Commonly called the Naturall 
History of C. Plinius Secundus Englished by Philemon 
Holland Dr. of Physick. Fol. Given by Daniel Mills 
Rector of the p*^^ of St. Olave Hart street London.^ 

Bp. Usher's Body of Divinitie, or the Summe & Substance 
of Christian Religion. Fol. Given by Mr. John Kent 
Vintner of the parish of St. Olave Hart street London. 

Dr. [Jeremy] Taylor's Course of Sermons for the winter 
half yeare. Fol. Given by Mr. Edw : Browne Fellow 
of Clare hall Cambridge. 
♦A book written by Mr. Thomas Fuller entitled an appeale 
of injured innocence [London, 1569]. Fol. Given by 
Mr. John Hardy a former benefactor. 

* The edition of London, 1669. 

■ The list of 1670 has this work as given by Lawrence Stanyan, Gent 
' The second edition of Holland's translation, given in 1634 or 1635. The title 
page is missing. 

152 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

Dr. Hammond's Practicall Chatechisme. 4to. 

Sr. Edwin Sandy's Europae Speculum. 8vo. Both these 

last named were given by Mr. Wim Rawlinson of the 

Poultry, London. I 

' Edwin Sandys was the second son of Archbishop Sandys. He was educated at 
Oxford, and after being collated to a Prebend of York, and taking his d^ree of M. A., 
he travelled abroad for some time. In or about 1603, he resigned his Prebend, and 
about the same time was knighted. He died in October, 1629. While in Paris in 
I599» he completed his Europa Speculum^ and in 1605 ^^ ^^^ printed, apparently 
without the knowledge of the author, under the title of A Relation of the State of 
Religion: and with what hopes and policies it hath been framed, and is maintained in 
the severall states of these westeme parts of the world, London, printed for S. Waterson, 
dwelling in Paul's Churchyard at the signe of the Crowne, 1605, 4to. A second 
edition, with some few corrections, was given the same year, " printed by VaL Sims for 
Simon Waterson," 4to., and the preface to the edition of 1629 mentioned below, speaks 
of "another impression." A translation into Italian was made by Paul Sarpi, and 
printed in 1625 [Geneva], 4to., with these words on the title page, " Tradotto dall' 
Inglese del Cavalicre Edoino Sandis. Con aggiunte notabili." The additions, which 
are confined to the first nine chapters, are by Sarpi, and the translation was put in the 
Index soon after its appearance. In 1626, Jean Diodati translated the book from 
Italian into French, with Sarpi's additions (Geneva, Pierre Aubert, 8vo. ), and in 1641 
a second edition was given at Amsterdam, by Louis Elzevir, some copies of which 
have only the date, without the printers name. M. Willems {Les Eltevier, Histoirt ti 
Annates Typographiques, 1880, p. 247) in a note to this edition says, that the book 
was probably brought under Louis Elzevir's notice by Grotius, or one of his friends. 
Grotius highly valued the book, agreeing as it did with some of his own opinions and 
ideas, especially on the union of all the Christian Churches, and it was his desire that 
it should be translated into Dutch. M. Willems does not seem aware that it was so 
translated (from the French) thirty years after the death of Grotius, by Joachim Oudaan 
(Harlingen, 1675, 8vo.). Rcnouard had a copy of the edition of 1641, and in his 
catalogue, says of the book : Si un livre pent etre recommandable par son impiet^ et 
son injurieuse acrimonie, celui-ci m^rite la palme." This is absurd and only shows 
that Renouard had never read the book. 

The copy of the first edition of 1605 in the Brit. Mus. (bought in 1855), has nu- 
merous manuscript additions by the author, and they appear to be inserted in the 
subsequent editions. No 1 1038 in the Sunderland Library Sale Catalogue, is a copy 
of the same edition, and is there stated to be the ** Authors own copy with numerous 
manuscript additions and corrections in his handwriting. The last leaf of MS. is 
dated from ' Paris, 9th of April, 1599,* and signed 'Edwin Sands Coll. C. C. quondam 
Socius.*" It was bought by Quaritch for £$ 17s, 6d. 

In 1629 an edition was given with the following title : Europce Speculum. Or a 
survey of the state of Religion in the Westeme parts of the World, Wherein the Romane 
Religion, and the pregnant policies of the Church of Rome to support the same are notably 

Hawkshead School Library, 153 

^Basilii Fabri Sorani Thesaurus eruditionisomnis Scholastics. 
[161 2.] Fol. Given by Mr. George Crawley of Billiter 
Lane London Chirurgeon. 

displayed: with some other memorable discoveries and memorations. Never before till 
now published according to the Aut hours Originall copy, Multum diuque desideratum. 
Hagae Comitis, 1629, 4to. In the Publisher's preface to the reader he sajrs, "Whereas 
not many yeares past, there was published in print a treatise entituled a Relation . . . 
printed for one Simon Waterson in 1605, without name of author, yet generally and 
currently passing under the name of Sir Edwin Sandys Knight ; know all men by 
these presents that the same book was a spurious stolne copy ; in part epitomized, in 
part amplified, and throughout most shamefully falsified and false printed, from the 
authors originall : In so much that the same Knight was infinitely wronged thereby, 
and as soone as it came to his knowledge that such a thing was printed and passed 
under his name, he caused it (though some what late when it seems two impressions 
were for the most part vented) to be prohibited by authority, and as I have heard as 
many as could be recovered, to be deservedly burnt, with power also to punish the 
printers : and yet nevertheless since that time there hath been another impression of 
the same stolne into the world." He also states that he has obtained through a friend 
a "perfect copy, verbatim transcribed from the Authours Originall and legitimate 
one,'* and that he may incur some dislike from the Author, if still alive, for publishing 
it. "I cannot see how any one else should be offended hereat, but such as are swome 
slaves of their Lord God the Pope ; whose Roman kingdome, and Babylonian tottering 
tower, hath such a blow given it hereby, as I know but few of such force, and not 
many such blows more, will make such kingdome and Tower fall down to the ground 
with utter desolation. As for the Arminians, when this treatise was written, that sect 
was either in the shell, or the cradle, and their mungrell and squint-eyed Divinitie 
scarce knowne or vented in the world. Yet they haply will be offended hereat because 
savouring of the Orthodox." This preface is "from Hagh in Holland,'* and is not 
signed. The book is dedicated to Whitgif^, Archbishop of Canterbury, and at the' 
bottom of the last page is, "From Paris ix April I $99, Copied out of the Authors 
originall, and finished 2 Octob. An. m.d.cxviii." In 1632 another edition of the 
book was given with the same title, but published according to the Authors original 
copy, and acknowledged by him for a true copy, whereunto is added An Appendix to the 
Jesuits Pilgrimage . , , , by L. Ofievw]. London, printed by T. Cotes for Michael 
Sparke, dwelling in Greene Arbor, at the signe of the Blue Bible, 1632. 4to. It 
seems to be an exact copy of the edition of 1629, the text occupying the same number 
of pages (248), but a large portion of the Publisher's preface is omitted, including the 
passage referring to the Arminians. At the end of the book is, " Copied out by the 
Authom originall, and finished 7 Octob. An. if.D.cxili." Owen's book, which is 
intituled Speculum Jesuiticum, or the jfesuits Looking Glass .... has a separate title 
page, and is dated 1629. Reprints (without Owen's book) were given by the same 
printer in 1632, 4to.; 1637, 4to. ; and 1638, i2mo. The book was again reprinted in 
.1673 and 1687 (London, 8vo.), with the author's name on the title page, but entirely 


1 54 Old LibrarUs of Lancashire. 

♦Juvenall & Persius with Lubins Comments. 8vo. Given by 

S"^ Jonas Moore K*J 
Marius D*Assignie*s poeticall history's. 8vo. Given by 

Mr. Moses Pitt Bookseller at the Wliite heart in Little 

Brittaine London.^ 
^Arch-Bp. Sand*s his Sermons 4to & a small treatise raTIrd 

the first part of a small booke written by S** Miles Sands 

KS son of the said Arch Bp. Given by Mr. Dan. Raw- 

linson afforcs^.^ 

omirtinf; the I'uMi^hcr's preface. AH the before-mentioned editioiis are in tbe 
Muvtijrn, wirh the cxc-ption of the edition of Amsterdam, 1641. 

XjB'MxAt-s \z.y\ the \^.^\ edition is that of 1 637, all the preceding o 
'\u*jAt\\,\»-Av.^ \,\\\ the two crlitions of 1 632 by the same printer are equally mmplrir, 
%iA the edit ion of 1629 as lx:fore-mentione<ly contains prefatory matter, aficrvsrds 
omitted. Iy>wndes also cites an edition of 1666, 8vo, and Watt dtes editions of 163;^ 
410, an'l 1737, 4to. The iK-st notice of Edwin Sandys is that contained in the 
iJictionary liUtorual and Crituat^ lo vols., fo., which gives the whole of the 
aly/vc cited. 

' A copy of the first edition of Juvenal and Persius, with Lnbin's 
(Ifanovi.r, 1603, 4to). It is rightly described as quarto in the list of 1670, and Sir 
Joran M<H>re is there further described as " Surveyor Generall of his Ma*^ ofiioe 
of the Ordinance in the Kingdomes of England & Ireland, & to his royall Highnev 
the Duke of Vorke." He was a native of Lancashire, bom at Whittle, in 1617, uid 
died in 1679. He taught James Duke of York (James II.) mathematics, and after 
the Restoration he was made Surveyor General of the Ordinance. Chalmen stylet 
him "a very respectable mathematician.'* He published several mathematical woiin. 

• This is a translation of Pierre Gautruche's Ilistoire Poeiique^ by Marius D'Assigny, 
a clergyman of the Church of England. The translation first appeared in 1671, and 
soon l)ecamc popular, the eighth edition appearing in 1701. D'Asxigny was the 
translator of Drclincourt on Death, so celebrated in connection with Defoe's Appariikm 
of Mrs. VmI, though whether as often said, Defoe's book was written as a puff of the 
unsaleable treatise of Drelincourt is certainly doubtful. A notice of D*Assigny and 
his writings will be found in the Dictionary of the S.D.U.K. He is mentioned neither 
by Ix>wndes nor Darling, nor under the letter A in the Dictionary of National 
Biography. It is to be hoped that his name may be inserted under D. The nga 
of the White Hart, Little Britain, with the date 1672, is included among the Ust of 
London booksellers' signs in The Bibliographer^ voL iiL p. 68. Seymour, in hit 
Suri'iy of London (Book iii. p. 629), says of Little Britain, "This street is well bnflt 
and much inhabited by booksellers, especially from the Pump to Dock Lane^ which 
is also taken up by booksellers for old Books." 

' Four editions of Archbishop Sandys* Sermons have been given. The first la 

Hawkshead School Library. 155 

*Bp. Jewell's Dispute with Harding. [1621.] Fol. Given by 

Mr. George May.* 
♦Baker's Cronicle. Fol. Given by &" Wtm Wale Kn^^ 
God's plea for Nineveh by Thomas Reeve B.D. Fol. Given 

by John Linger Plumber in Leaden hall street, London. 
The workes of Corn : Tacitus in lat. with Lipsius Comm^. in 

Fol. Given by Edward Ainge Gent Gierke to the 

Company of Vintners.3 
*A Dixionary of the French & English tongues. Fol.^ 
♦Adagia ex Sanctorum patrum Ecclesiasticorumque Scrip- 

torum monumentis deprompta. Fol. Both these last 

named were given by Dr. Sancroft then beeing Dean of 

XS^5> S^Of ^^ second in 1616, 4to, of which the volume at Hawkshead is a copy, the 
third in 18 12, Svo, edited by Dr. Whitaker, and lastly, they were edited, with other 
miscellaneous pieces, by the Rev. John Ayre, for the Parker Society, in 1 841. 

The proper title of the other book mentioned in the entry is Prima pars Parvi 
Opusculi Scripta per Milotum Sandys Militum, The fint part of a small Worke 
written by Sir Miles Sandys Knight, London. Printed for William Sheares. 1634. 
I2ma Two copies of the work are in the British Museum, neither of which is quite 
perfect One copy, on thick paper, has the title as above, but wants the engraved 
frontispiece. The other copy has no title, but has the frontispiece, which is engraved 
by Marshall It represents a figure emblematical of Prudence, and underneath is 
<' Prudence. The first of the Foure Cardinall Virtues. Written by S' Miles Sandis 
K'. Printed for W. Sheares in Brittaines Burse.*' The book is dedicated to Henrie 
Sandjrs (probably the author's brother), and "my honoured tutor Dr. Astley Warden 
of AU Souls College in Oxford. " It is entirely devoted to the subject of Prudence, 
which the author divides and sub-divides into several heads. The volume contains 
above 300 pages. A notice of Sir Miles Sandys will be found in Wood's Athena, 

' In the list of 1670 the entry is ** Given by Dr. May, Rector of the Parish of St 
Dionjrs Backchurch, London." 

* A copy of the sixth edition (1674, fo.) of Sir Richard Baker's Chronicle, In the 
list of 1670, the entry is " Given by S' Wl'm Wale Knight late Alderman of London 
upon the request of Mr. Daniell Rawlinson, Vintner, sometime his servant Not. 25^., 

3 In the list of 1670, this is stated to be given by Daniel Rawlinson. 

* Two copies in fo. of Randle Cotgrave's French and English Dictionary are still at 
the school, one of the original edition of 161 1, and the other of that of i6sa One of 
these is intended by the above entry. A copy of the edition of 161 1 is marked in a 
recent catalogue of Quaritch, £2 los. 

1 46 Old L ibrarus of Lancashire. 

*A greate English Bible of the first translation after the 
Reformation in Foil J 
Homer's Iliads translated into English & adorned with 

sculptures by John Ogilby Esq. Foil. 
Virgin's workes translated into English & adorned with 
sculptures by John Ogilby Esq. Foil. 
*iEsopics translated into English and adorned with sculpture 
by John Ogilby Esq. F0II.2 
Goldman's Dixionary in 4to. 
Scrivelii manuale Lexicon in 8vo. 
•Goodwin's Roman & Jewish & Rouse's Greeke Antiquities 
in 4to. [1661.] 
Scapula's Lexicon Graecolatinum. Foil. 
Vossius de Arte Grammaticd, in 2 tomes. 4to.3 
All these were given by Mr. Daniel Rawlinson, Vintner at the 
signe of the Miter in Fan-church street, London. 
*Foxe's Acts & Monuments in Foil. Given by Mr. Wil- 
liam Gibbons. "^ 

' The remains of this Bible are still in the library. It is a copy of the Bishop's 
Bible, either of the Brst edition, which was printed in 1568, or of the reprint of 1572. 
The copy is imperfect at the beg^inning and end, and the first part of the Mew Testa- 
ment is also missing. There is an inscription in it to the effect that it was given by 
Daniel Rawlinson, son of Thomas Rawlinson of Graisdale, in the parish of Hawks- 

There are elaborately flourished inscriptions in nearly all the books given and 
obtained by Rawlinson, most probably written by the writing master of the School 
for the time being. They axe nearly all in the same form. The following is a copy 
of one contained in Fuller's Appeal of Injured Innocence^ 1659, fo. " This book was 
given the 30th of October 1674, by Mr. John Hardy of Bonehill near Finsbuiy in the 
County of Midd : unto the Free Grammar Schoole in Hawkeshead in the County of 
Lancaster at the request of Mr. Daniel Rawlinson Cittizen and Vintner of London." 

* A copy of the edition of 1668, of Ogilby 's paraphrase of i£sop. The plates are 
mostly by Hollar. 

3 There are several volumes of the works of Vossius still at the school, amongst 
which is a copy of the Commentarii Rhetorici^ Lugd. Bat., 1643, 4ta, not included in 
the above list, containing an inscription to the effect that it was given by Miles Dodding, 
Esq., of Conished. 

4 This is a copy of the very rare first edition (1562-3) of Fox*s Book of Martyn, 
and like most, if not all the copies in existence, is imperfect. The two copies in the 

Hawkshead School Library. 157 

Sandys his travells in Fol. Given by Mr. Miles Sandys of 

An exposition upon the Canticles by Wtm Guild D.D. in 
8vo. Given by Mr. Henry Nicholson Minister of Colton.^ 

Rulandi Synonimia Graeca in 8vo. Given by John Sadler 
Schoole Master.3 

' George Sandys, of whom Wood and Chalmers give some account, was the youngest 
son of Archbishop Sandys, and was bom in 1577. He studied at Oxford, without 
apparently taking any d^jee, and afterwards travelled abroad. In 16 15 he published 
an account of his travels under the title oi A Relation of a Journey begun 1610. Foure 
Bookes, Containing a description of the Turkish Empire^ of^gypt^ of the Holy Land^ 
of the remote parts of Italy and Hands adjoyning, London, 1615, fo. Subsequent 
editions appeared in 1621, fo. ; 1627, fo. ; 1652, fo. (fifth edition) ; 1673, fo. (seventh 
edition) and two editions in Dutch (Amsterdam 1653, 4to., and 1655 4to). Copies of 
all these are in the British Museum. Lowndes mentions as well, editions of 1632, fo.; 
*637i fo.; 1658, fo.; 1670, fo. It is also included in part 2 oi Pure has his Pilgrinus, 
1625. George Sandys was also the author of a Paraphrase upon the Psalms and the 
Hymns dispersed throughout the Old and New Testament (1636, 8vo.), A Paraphrase 
upon the Divine Poems, Job, PsalmeSj Ecclesiastes, Lamentations and the songs collected 
out of the Old and New Testaments (with music by Lawes), 1638, fo., reprinted in 
1648, 1676, 8vo., and A Paraphrase upon Solomon's Song, 1641, 4to. He also trans- 
lated the tragedy of Grotius, Christus Patiens, into English (1640, 1687, 8vo.), and 
the Metamorphosis of Ovid, for which see post p. 160. Sandys' poetry was held in 
high estimation. Dr. Bumey said the Paraphrase of the Psalms was put in better 
verse than they ever appeared in before or since, while Richard Baxter says of him : 
** His Scripture poems are an elegant and excellent Paraphrase, but especially his Job 
which he hath resto:ed to its original glory. O that he had turned the Psalms into 
Metre fitted to the several tunes. It did me good when Mrs. Wyat invited me to see 
Boxley-Abbcy in Kent : to see upon the old stone wall in the Garden, a Summer-house 
with the inscription in great golden letters, that in that place Mr, G. Sandys after his 
Travels over the World , retired himself for his Poetry and contemplations, " (Collectanea 
Anglo- Poetica, Chet. Soc., vol. Iv. p. 224.) Sandys* poetical works "now first col- 
lected" with Introduction and Notes by R. Hooper, 2 vols. 8vo., were published in 
1872, in Russell Smith's Library of Old Authors. 

' Henry Nicholson may be the same person as Henry Nicholson, Minister of 
Hawkshead in 1677. (See ante, p. 149.) If they are one and the same person, he 
must have given the book before he was appointed Minister of Hawkshead. Col ton 
was a parochial chapel attached to Hawkshead until 1676. {Notitia Cestriensis, vol. 
ii., Chet. Soc, vol. xxii. p. 508.) Baines' list of Ministers of Colton begins with 
one Myers, who was succeeded by Henry Batty in 1694. 

3 This will be a copy of the Synonima, seu copia Gracorum verborum omnium abso- 
lutissima antehac nusquam ten-arum visa, of Martin Ruland (1532- 1 602), a German 

1 5 8 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

A Century of Sermons upon Severall remarkable subjects 
written by John Hackett Ld. Bp. of Litchfield & Coven- 
try in Fol. Given by John Pearson Ld. Bp. of Chester.' 

The moderne pleas for toUeration in 8vo. 

The Statesmen or Favourites of England from K. Henry the 
8th to K. Charles the ist both inclusive in 8vo. [by D. 
*Bp. Wilkins principles & dutys of Naturall religion in 8vo. 
[London, 1675.] 

Falkner's libertas Ecclesiastica in 8vo. 

S*" Roger Twisden's Vindication of the Church of England 
in 4to. 

These five last mentioned books were given by Mr. Robert 
Rawlinson, Distiller, son of Robert Rawlinson, late of Grisedale. 
*Jani Gruteri Polyanthea in 2 Vol in Fol. [1624.] Given by 

Dr. Edward Layfield, Archdeacon of Essex. 
*The Spheare of Marcus Manlius made an English poeme 
with Annotations & an Astronomicall appendix in FoL 
Given by Mr. Edward Sherburne one of the principall 
officers of his Ma*»<^s Ordinance & armory within Eng- 
land, who is the Translator.^ 
*A French and English Dixionary in Fol. Given by Robert 
Carr of Graies Inn Esq.3 

Mundus Mathematicus in 3 vol. Fol. by Mechalis a Jesuite. 
Given by George Wharton Esq. Treasurer of his Ma^« 

scholar and doctor of medicine. The book was first published at Strasbuig in 1567. A 
long list of Ruland*s works will be found in Gesner*s Bibliotheca, John Sadler was Mas- 
ter of Hawkshead School, 1 67 2-1 691. The catalogue of 1679 is in his handwriting. 

' Pearson was Bishop of Chester from 1673 to 1686. 

* This translation of the first book of the Astronomicon of Manilius was published 
in 1675. Edward Sherburne (afterwards Sir Edward), the translator, was, according 
to Chalmers, descended from the family of Sherburne of Stonyhurst, but was bom at 

3 This is, no doubt, one of the editions of Cotgrave's Dictionary before mentioned. 

^ Mechalis is clearly a mistake for Dechales, and the book intended is Cursut seu 
Mundus Mathematicus ^ first published at Lyons in 1674. 

Hawkshead School Library, 1 59 

Chamberlanes Angliae Notitia or the present state of Eng- 
land in 120. Given by Mr. Richard Brooke of Lambeth.* 

Two Voll. of Dr. Hammond's workes in Fol. Given by Mr. 
John Rawlinson linnen draper son to Mr. D. Rawlinson 

Christian Religion's appeale in Fol. Given by the Author 
Mr. John Smith, Rector of St. Mary's in Colchester.^ 

Stephani Thesaurus linguae latinae. 

Calepine's Dixionary of Eleaven languages in Fol. The 
latter of these two was given by John Sharpe D.D. 
Archdeacon of Berks & Chaplane to the Ld. Chancelour. 
The former was promised by him (as Mr D: R: told me) 
but never given to my knowledge. Testii. J. S.^ 

Bp. Andrew's Sermons in Fol. Given by Wlm. AUington 
Esq. of London.'^ 
♦An Epitome of the Turkish History, being the 2 vol. in 8vo. 
Given by Mr. Thomas Wilson of Lime street Lond.s 

Dr. White's Reply to Fisher the Jesuite in Fol. 

A booke against the Quakers written by John Stalham Min- 
ister of Terlin in Essex, in 4to.^ 

A booke of Sermons by John Ramsay Minister of Rudham 
in Northfolke in 4to. 

' This book, written by Edward Chamberlayne, first appeared in 1667. It went 
through twenty editions in the author's lifetime, and two after his death. In 1708, 
his son, John Chamberlayne, edited the book, with additions, with the title Magna 
Britannia Notitia ; or the present state of Great Britain ; and the thirty-ninth and 
last edition of the book was published in 1755. It was translated by Lambert Wood 
into Latin in 1686, and by De Neuville into French in 1728. 

" The title of the work is Christian Religion^ s Appeal from the groundless prgudices 
of the Sceptick to the Bar of Common Reason, London, 1675. The book is in four 
parts, each with a separate pagination. 

3 J. S. is John Sadler, the Schoolmaster before mentioned. 

4 "Sanderson's*' is written above "Andrew's" in this entry, and probably is the 
name intended, as Andrew's Sermons afterwards appear. 

5 There is a copy of the second volume of Andrew Moore's History of the Turks, 
London, 1660, four vols., 8vo., now at the School 

• The following is the book intended : The Reviler rdmked: or a Reinforcement 
against the Quakers for their Contradictions of the Scriptures of God, London, 1657. 

i6o Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

These three last written books were given by Mr. John Blash- 
field Citizen and Fishmonger of London. 
♦Geofray Chaucer's workes in Fol. Given by Jno. Daniel of 

Lincoln's Inn Gent^ 
♦Evelin upon Forest trees in Fol. Given by Mr. John Bagnall 
of Barliston in the County of Stafford Gent.3 
Hales* Morall & divine contemplations in 8vo. Given by 

Mr. Dan. Rawlinson. 
Dr. Donn's Sermons the ist vol. in Fol. Given by Mr. Samuel 

Hall late Warden of the Company of Vintners Lond.* 
The whole duty of Man in 8vo. Given by Edmond Garforth 
Viccar of Lancaster.^ 
♦Isaacksons Cronologie in Fol. [1633.] Given by Thomas 
Preston Senior of Holker Esq.'^ 
Bp. Andrew's Sermons in Fol. Given by Dan. Fleming of 

Rydall Esq. 
"EiKwv BaaCKiKr] or the Solitudes of K. Charles the first, in 

8vo. Given by Mr. Francis Medcalfe of Lancaster. 
Atheomasticks or a booke against atheists or infidells by 
Martin Fotherby late Bp. of Salisbury, in Fol. Given 
by George Rigge parish Gierke of Hawkesheade. 
♦Ovid's Metamorphosis Englished, Mythologized, adorned 
with Sculptures by Geo. Sandys, in Fol. Given by Hiet 
Edmondson Rector of M'eate Deeping in Lincolnshire.^ 

' This is a copy of the edition of Chaucer's Works, printed in 1561, at London, by 
John Kingston for John Wight. The full title with an account of the volume will be 
found in the Collectanea Anglo- Poitica^ part iv. (Chet. Soc., vol. IxxviL pp. 322-325.) 
Mr. Corser*s copy sold for £^ dr., while Quaritch marks a copy, with some head-lines 
cut into, £,(i I Of. 

' Samuel Hall aflerwards gave the other 2 vols, of Dr. Donne's Sermons. 

3 Baines does not give the date of Edmond Garforth's institution to the Vicarage of 
Lancaster, but records his death in 1682. 

♦ This Thomas Preston was the father of Thomas Preston, the donor of the 
Cartmel Library. {See ante, p. 77.) 

5 The first five books of this translation in verse of Ovid's MetamorphoHs were 
published in 1621, 8vo., and reprinted in 1640, i6mo. (Moss, Classical Bibliography^ 
vol. ii. p. 357.) At the end of Michael Dra3rton*s Battaile of Agincourt, 1627, fo«» 

Hawkshead School Library. i6i 

♦Fox's Acts and Monuments in 3 vol. in Fol. [1641.] Given 

by Mr. Dan. Rawlinson. 
Cole's Dixionary in 4to. Given by Mr. Thomas Wilson in 

Lime streete Lond. 
The second and third voU. of Dr. Donn's Sermons in Fol. 

Given by Mr. Samuel Hall before named. 
Dr. Taylor's life of Christ in Fol. Given by Simon Corbet, 

Yeoman Rider to his Ma^®. 
♦Sillius Italicus in Fol. Englished by [Thomas] Rose Esq. 

Library Keeper to his Ma^>^ Given by John Mazine 

Esq. one of his Ma^*®^ Equerries.* 

arc a number of poetical epistles, one of which is addressed " To Master George 
Sandys, Treasurer for the English Colony of Virginia," in which Dra3rton says : 

" And (worthy George) by industry and use 
Let's see what lines Virginia will produce ; 
Goe on with Ovid, as you have begunne 
With the first five bookes ; — let your numbers run 
Glib as the former, so shall it Hue long 
And doe much honour to the English tongue." 
— {Collectanea Anglo-Poetica, part vi. Chet Soc., voL c. p. 304.) 

The translation of the whole fifteen books of the Metamorphosis appeared in 1626, in 
small fo. or 4to, with the title Ovid*s Metamorphosis Englished by G, S, It was re- 
printed in 1628, 1638, 1656, 1664, and 1669, in i2mo. In 1632, Sandys gave another 
edition (of which the book at Hawkshead is a copy), with the title Ovid*s Metamor^ 
phosis mythologi^d and represented in figures. An Essay to the Translation of VirgiTs 
jEneis (Oxford, Lichfield, fo.), containing numerous engravings, a commentary, the 
translation of the first book of the iEneis of Virgil, and other additions. This was 
reprinted in 1640 (London, fo.) with the addition of two tables at the end, one to the 
text, and the other to the commentary. Moss cites editions, besides the above, in 
1682, fo., and 1673, 1678, and 1690, 8vo, and Lowndes gives an edition of 1627. 

The 124th stanza of W. Colman*s Dance Machabre consists of a quotation from the 
fifteenth book of the Metamorphosis^ "most exquisitely Englished by Master George 
Sandys." {Collectanea Anglo- Poetica^ Chet. Soc, voL Ixxvii. p. 418.) Pope sajrs of the 
book, "This led me to Sandys* Ovid, which I liked extremely." (Spence*s Antedates^ 

P- 47.) 

* This is a copy of The Second Punick War written by Silius Italicus^ with a continu" 

ation from the triumph ofScipio to the death of Hannibal^ by Thomas Ross, London, 

1661, fo. The book was reprinted in 1672, fo., and is the only English translation. 

John Mazine was Daniel Rawlinson*s son-in-law. 


1 6 2 Old L ibraries of Lancashire. 

Cole's Dixionary in 4to. Given by Mr. Dan. Rawlinson 

Sanctae Ecclesia Anglicanae adversus iniquas atque in Vere- 

cundas Schismaticorum criminationes vindiciae. Authore 

Johanne Durello. 4to. 
Jo9 TTou <TT& or an answer to sure footing by Daniel Whitby 

Master of Arts. 8vo. These two last bookes were given 

by Mr. Wim Wells Viccar of Milium in Cumberland.* 
♦Smetii prosodia lat. 8vo. Given by John Christopherson 

Usher of the Free Schoole at Hawksheade. 
♦Scaliger's Septem libri Poetices. 8vo. [1617.] Given by John 

Kirkby of Conniston Hall Gent.^ 
The Reverend Thomas Sandys, Clerk, Curate of St. Martin's- 
in-the-Fields, and Lecturer of St. James', Westminster, by his 
will, dated 19 August, 1717, after giving the sum of;6"200 to 
Queen's College, Oxford, the place of his education, to augment 
the Chaplain's salary, and to the Free School, Hawkshead, in 
Furness Fells, the sum of ;£^8oo, for such uses as were thereafter 
to be mentioned in his codicil, made the following bequest : "I 
give to Hawkes-head School all the books that have this mark O^ 
before them in the catalogue of my books," and after several 
pecuniary legacies the testator gave to the parish of Tunstall, in 
HoldcrnesS;£'5, to the parish of Wighton £^, and to the parish 
of Hawkshead ;£'io, "for the buying therewith Bibles with the 
Common Prayer, Whole Duty of Man, Dr. Gibson's book on the 
Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, and Beveridge's Church Cate- 
chism " to be distributed among the poor families of the respec- 
tive parishes, and he reserved the use of the £iqqo bequeathed 
as aforesaid, to his executor for a term of years, for such uses as 
were to be directed by a codicil to that his will, and he appointed 
the Reverend Robert Grisedale, of St. Martin's Parish, his sole 
executor. The will was signed by the testator but not witnessed^ 

* William Wells was Incumbent of Millom, 1670-1699. 

' The list finishes here, but there has been added, in a later hand, ''Earle of Claien" 
4on's History of ye Rebellion in folio given by Mr. George Braithw* of London GcdL" 

Hawkshead School Library. 163 

and after his signature was the following " That this my last will 
and testament is valid and good as being all written with my own 
hand though not otherwise witnessed than as above signed and 
sealed by me I have for this the well grounded opinion of Mr. 
Paul Joddrell, Cler. Dom. Com." Two codicils were attached to 
the will, in the first of which the testator gave directions for the 
lodging, diet, clothing and books of the poor scholars attending 
Hawkshead school, who were to benefit by the £^00 left by his 
will. His trustees were, in selecting the scholars, first to choose 
orphans, and those who lived a great distance away from the 
school, and out of the yearly interest of the money, provision was 
to be made for the children to write and cast accounts ; for mod- 
ulating their voices by teaching them to sing psalms, and for 
buying for them not only school books, but Bibles with the 
Common Prayer, Beveridge's Exposition of the Church Cate- 
chism, and Gibson's Sacrament of the Lord's Supper ; and the 
testator appointed four trustees to carry out these provisions. The 
second codicil reserved the interest of the £\QOO for a term of 
years not exceeding seven : first, for building a school-house for 
poor scholars attending Hawkshead School ; secondly, ** For 
buying the Books that are mentioned in the catalogue to be 
added to those already given, and for conveying them to Hawks- 
head School"; thirdly, for augmenting the legacies left by his wilL 
On 7 December, 1717, Robert Grisedale and Joseph Elliotson, 
clerk, make oath before John Bettesworth, Commissary of the 
Prerogative Court of Canterbury, that on November 28 last past, 
as Thomas Sandys was going to his lodgings, he fell into the 
cellar of a house then rebuilding, and injured himself, and that 
they went the next day to see him, and found him deprived of 
speech and senses, and on searching his rooms found the will and 
codicils produced. At the same time Aaron Thompson and John 
Elliotson took oath that the same will and codicils were in the 
hand-writing of Thomas Sandys, and thereupon probate of the 
will and codicils was granted to Robert Grisedale, the executor 
in the will named. ^ 

' Wills* Office, Somerset house. 

1 64 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

To what extent the library benefited by this bequest of Thomas 
Sandys is not clear, but in the Account Book of Daniel Rawlin- 
son's Charity, before mentioned, is a catalogue of the books be- 
longing to the library in June, 1788.' The number of entries in the 
catalogue is two hundred and fifty three, of which two or three 
are duplicates, so that in the hundred years intervening from the 
death of Daniel Rawlinson, the library had more than doubled in 
size, and though no doubt there were other benefactors in the 
interval, yet it is probable that the bulk of the additions resulted 
from Thomas Sandys' bequest. Many of the additions are, as 
might be expected, theological. The following are some of the 
more interesting books, the entries being given as in the cata- 
logue :2 

*Athenae Oxonienses.^ 

♦Wood's Antiquities of Oxford.^ 

♦Poole's Synopsis 5 vol. [1669-76. fo.] 

♦Boyer's History of Queen Anne. [1720. fo.] 

♦Dupin's Ecclesiastical History 3 vols. [Dublin. 1723. fo.] 

♦Codex Juris Ecclesiastici Anglicani by E. Gibson, D.D. 

[1713 fo.] 
♦Howel's History of the World. [1680. fo.] 

' There is also a catalogue in the Account Book made in 1785, but that of 1788 
seems the more full and accurate of the two. 

" At the time when this catalogue was made, it does not appear whether the books 
were in the press given by Edwin Sandys of Esthwaite {ante p. 145), and they may have 
outgrown it ; but a new bookcase was made, and the books re-arranged and catalogued. 
They appear to have been arranged in folios, quartos, and octavos et infra^ on the 
shelves, each shelf marked with a letter of the alphabet, and the contents of each 
shelf entered in the catalogue as it stood. This catalogue, which was made by the 
writing master of the School, only gives abridged titles of the books, and some of 
these, owing to their brevity, are not easily understood. Amongst them arc : ** 58. 
Bacon." "140. Fortinianismus." "174. Logica." "203. Willymot's Peculiars." 
By this last named entry is no doubt intended William Willymot's Peculiar use and 
^gnification of certain ivords in the Latin tongue ; designed for Latin exercises* First 
published in 1704, according to Watt. 

3 A copy of the first edition, 169 1, fo. 

* A copy of the first edition, 1674, fo. 

Hawkshead School Library. 165 

♦Tindall's History of the Growth and Decay of the Othman 

Abelardi & Eloisae Epistolae.^ 
♦Ashmole's Antiquities of Berkshire. 3 vol.3 

English Topographer.^ 
♦Method of Studying History.^ 
♦Life of Sir John Perrott.^ 
♦Antiquities of Surrey. S vol.7 

* TThe History of the Growth and Decay of the Othman Empire Written 

originally in Latin by Demetrius Cantemir^ late Prince of Moldavia^ Translated into 
English from the author's own manuscript by N, Tindal . . . culorned with the Heads 
of the Turkish Emperors, London, 1734-5, fo. Lowndes notices the sale of a copy of 
an edition dated 1656. The book was also translated into French (1743), and German 
(1745). The original does not seem to have ever been printed. 

* This is probably a copy of the edition of these Letters given by the well-known 
antiquary Dr. Richard Rawiinson, in 17 18, 8vo. The editor was a son of Sir Thomas 
Rawlinson, and grandson of Daniel Rawlinson, the founder of the library, and it is 
probable that he gave this as well as the five following books to the library. Some 
account of him and his writings will be found in Chalmers. 

3 This is a copy of the first edition (17 19, 3 vols. 8vo.) of this rare and valuable 
work, a copy of which is marked, in a recent catal(^e of Quaritch, ten guineas. 
An excellent notice of the author and his works, firom the pen of Dr. Gamett, is in the 
Dictionary of National Biography, 

4 This book, published anonymously in 1720, 8vo., is by Dr. Richard Rawlinson. 
It was superseded by Gough*s British Topography, but Gough was much indebted to 
Rawlinson's collections, as is shown by the numerous references to him in the British 

s A New Method of Studying History, Geography and Chronology, with a Catalogue 
of the chief Historians , , , , by Lenguet \sic\ du Fresnoy, And now made English 
. . . with Improvements . . . and a Dissertation by Count Scipio Maffei of Verona, 
concerning the use of Inscriptions and Medals by Richard Rawlinson, London. 1728. 
2 vols. 8vo. Some copies are dated 1730. Besides being edited by Rawlinson, the 
copy at Hawkshead is interesting from the fact that the binding has part of the Raw- 
linson Arms on it, i,e., an escallop at each of the four comers of both sides, and on the 
back a sheldrake in each of the compartments. Inside is a book-plate on which are the 
Rawlinson Arms, with the motto "Sunt antiquissima quseque optima" and underneath 
"Richardus Rawlinson, LL.D. e Coll. D. Joan. Bapt. Oxon. et R. S. S." 

* The History of Sir John Perrott, Knight of the Bath, and Lord Lieutenant of Ire- 
land, 1728. 8vo. This was published from the original ^/.S. written about the latter 
end of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, by Richard Rawlinson. The copy at Hawks- 
head is in Rawlinson's binding. 

4 This rare and valuable book (London, Curll, 1719. 8vo.) was edited by Richard 

1 66 Old L ibraries of Lancashire. 

QeoSopov FpafifiarvKf)^ EurofycayrjJ 

Antiquities of Worcester 2 

History and Antiquities of the Cathedral of Rochester.3 

Among the books not in the catalogue, is a folio English Bible, 
1613,4 and a Greek Testament printed at Cambridge in 1632.5 
Besides the theological writers already named there are works by 
Towerson, Mede, Fiddes, Tenison, Stillingfleet, Usher, South, 
Hopkins, Barrow, Chillingworth, Beveridge, Field, Crackanthorp, 
Sherlock, Lowthorp and others. There are also several editions 
of the Classics printed at the beginning of the seventeenth 
century, but none of special value or interest. A detailed exam- 
ination of the library, and a proper catalogue, would, however, 
probably reveal volumes deserving of notice, in addition to those 
already mentioned. 

On June 14, 1789, the Reverend Thomas Bowman, M.A., then 
Head Master of the School, made the following Proposals with 
regard to the Library : 

"To the Young Gentlemen, Students at Hawkshead School. 

Considering the infinite consequence it is to Youth to have op- 
portunities of access to a variety of useful Books, both as the only 

Rawlinson. Comerford's copy (with two portraits added) sold forjf 19 lar. In a 
recent catalogue of Sotheran a copy is marked jf 24 lor., and Quaritch has one marked 
sixteen guineas. 

' A copy of the rare Aldine edition of the Greek Grammar of Theodore Gaza. 
Venice, 1495, fo. Unfortunately it is imperfect, wanting the first and the last leaves. 

' This entry probably refers to a copy of Abingdon's Antiquitifs of Worcester^ 6rst 
published in 17 17, 8vo., which contains the Statutes of Hawkshead School, made by 
Archbishop Sandys, who was at one time Bishop of Worcester. {Notitia Cestriensis^ 
vol. ii., Chet. Soc. vol. xxii., p. 521.) 

3 A book with this title pubhshed in 17 17' has been attributed to Dr. Rawlinson, 
a copy of which may be intended by this entry. 

^ This is a copy of the Authorised Version, printed by Barker, the title-page is miss- 
ing, but the New Testament is dated 1613. It is interesting from the fact that on the 
binding is impressed "Crosthwaite Church Bible." It has no doubt come from the 
church of St. Kentigern, Crosthwaite, near Keswick, but when and how is not known. 

5 "Although" says Dibdin (Introduction to Kno^vledge of Greek and Latin Classics^ 
p. 127) ''this edition be neither scarce nor dear, it is a very beautiful and accurate 
one, and has received the commendation of learned men." 

Hawkshead School Library, 167 

means of acquiring the General Knowledge which is absolutely 
necessary to the Happiness and Respectability of their future 
years, and as furnishing in the meantime the strongest motive to 
Industry, and the best preventative of Idleness and consequent 
Viciousness ; I have long wished that the plan of our present 
Library might be extended ; so as to take in all the English 
Classics, History, Geography, Topography, Chronology, Bio- 
grapy, Travels, Description of Manners, Customs and Ceremonies, 
Books of Taste, Literature, and Criticism, Natural Philosophy in 
all its Branches, Ethics, Natural History, Elementary Treatises 
on popular Sciences, and approved Works on all generally 
interesting subjects whatever. 

And for the Execution of this Design, encouraged by the 
present Concurrence of many favourable Circumstances, and the 
great probability I think there is of eventual success if the Attempt 
is but once made, I now offer you the following Proposals, ade- 
quate, I hope, if generally complied with, to the End intended : 

I. That the Constitution of the present Book Club remain as 
it IS ; the first 5^. subscribed entitling the Subscriber to the use 
of all the Books now in that Library, and those in future to be 
purchased with such subscriptions. 

IL'*^ That all the Boys in Greek, and as many in the lower 
classes as think proper, subscribe 5^. yearly for the establishing 
another Library, of more respectable books for the exclusive use 
of such Subscribers. 

\\\,^ That each Boy on his leaving the School make a present 
of such Volume or Volumes to the said Library as he may think 
proper ; to be inscribed with his Name, the Time the Gift was 
made, &c., to be preserved with particular Care as a Memorial of 
the Donor, and to be lent out only at the Discretion of the 
Master to such of the upper Jioys, Subscribers to this Library, 
whose Care he can depend on ; subject, however, at the same time, 
to replace the Book or Books so taken with a new Set, in case 
they are sullied or otherwise damaged. 

IV> That in order to accomodate any Gentleman of Education 

1 68 Old L ibraries of Lancashire. 

in the Neighbourhood who may wish it, he shall, with the appro- 
bation of the Master, be permitted the use of the said Library on 
first presenting it with such Book or set of Books as he shall think 
proper, not already in the Library, and being an annual Sub- 
scriber or Benefactor to it so long as he shall continue to make 
Use of it. 

V.^^ That to encourage it the more effectually, now in its Infancy, 
all the Gentlemen that are known to have been educated at the 
School, be applied to for such Donation of Books, or money to 
purchase Books, as they may think proper, and suitable to their 
Character and Circumstances, and the obligation they owe to the 
School ; to be inscribed with their name, &c., to perpetuate the 
Memory of the place of their Education ; many of whom, I am 
sure, will be happy to contribute liberally to a Plan so much cal- 
culated for the Benefit of the rising Generation, and of Youth in 
General, who may be placed here for Education for Ages to come. 

For my own part, whilst I continue to be Master, it is my inten- 
tion to be an annual Contributor to it, and to labour for its 
Extention and Interests with a Zeal, equal to my idea of its im- 
portance — And when it is generally known (as I wish you all to 
endeavour to make it) that there is now a large Room in the 
School, appropriated to the sole purpose of a Library, where all 
Presents of Books will be gratefully received and carefully regis- 
tered and labelled, by the Writing Master for the time being, with 
the Donor's name and place of Residence, the date of the Dona- 
tion or Bequest, &c., when this, I say, is known, I have no Doubt 
but that many Gentlemen will rather leave their Books to be 
deposited where they will be so extensively useful, and remain so 
long a Monument to their Name, inseparably united with the 
idea of Generosity and Benevolence, than permit them to be sold, 
as in the Country they are sure to be, for so trifling a part of their 
real and intrinsic Value. 

Sanguine of the success of the plan, because by the united 
contributions of so many it may be effected without being burden- 
some to any, it is my intention to provide a Book Case for the 

Hawkshead School Library. 169 

projected Library [during] the approaching Holidays,^ and hope 
with your Concurrence and Exertions in its Favor, soon to see it 
in a flourishing condition, and remain, Gentlemen, anxious for 
your Happiness and Improvement, Your sincere friend, 

T. Bowman.2" 

This scheme for extending the library, and making it of greater 
use to the scholars, was carried out for some years. Twenty-four 
boys subscribed in 1789, and thirty-seven in 1791, but the number 
had decreased to nine in 1797, the last year in which the names 
of any subscribers appear. The most noticeable name is that of 
Christopher Wordsworth, afterwards Master of Trinity College, 
Cambridge. Two hundred and fifteen volumes were bought with 
the subscriptions of the scholars, at a cost of £^i 5 j. 3^., and two 
hundred and eighteen volumes were presented to the Library, at 
a cost of ;f82 1 3 J. 6d,y making together four hundred and thirty- 
three volumes, and the total cost £\2^ i8s, gd. The volumes 
bought were, in general, recently-published books, and include 
standard works on many of the subjects mentioned by the Head 
Master in his Proposals. Among them were ninety-five volumes 
of Bell's edition of the British PoetSy and Whitaker's History of 
Manchester^ 4to. Thomas Bowman himself gave twenty volumes 
ol^^ Annual Register y twenty-one volumes of the Monthly Review ^ 
and a copy of Hume's History of England^ in eight volumes; the 
other donors appear to be principally former scholars of the school, 
some of whom had proceeded to the Universities. 

The only entries to be noticed are the following, which show 
the interest felt by Wordsworth in the school where he was 
educated : 

"Gillies' History of Greece. 4 vols. 8vo. The 
Gift of Robt. Hodgson Greenwood of Ingle- 

* No doubt the Book-case in which the library is now placed. 

' These Proposals, and the particulars which follow, are taken from the book con- 
taining the list of subscribers and a catalogue of the books added to the library, as the 
result of Mr. Bowman's efforts, which has been lent me by the Governors of the 
School The Rev. T. Bowman, M. A., Trin. Coll. Cam., was Head Master 1 786- 1 829. 


1 70 Old Librai'ies of Lancashire. 

ton, Wm. Wordsworth of Cockermouth, 
John Miller of Preesall, & Thos. Gawthorp 
of Sedbergh, admitted at Cambridge from 

this School, 1787 I 10 O 

Hoole's Tasso's Jerusalem. 2 vols. 8vo. The 
Gift of Messrs Greenwood, Wordsworth, 
Miller & Gawthorp o 15 o" 

In the year 1817 the Reverend William Wilson gave ;f 100 to 
the Governors of the School, the interest of which was to be 
applied in the purchase of such books as the Master and Minister 
of Hawkshead should suggest would be most useful, to be de- 
posited in the library, and lent to the scholars at the discretion 
/ of the Master, or if it should be deemed of more utility, he 

directed that they might be at liberty to distribute part or 
occasionally the whole of the interest in prizes to the best readers 
and declaimers in English at the School, and such as should be 
also distinguished for their classical learning. 

Heskin School Library. 171 


The Grammar School of Heskin was founded in the year 1 597, 
by Sir James Pemberton, Goldsmith, Lord Mayor of London. 
The library dates from the year 1623, and owes its existence to 
Richard Radclifie, the Master of the School, who by his will left 
his library to the Grammar School, and also money for the purpose 
of buying school books. Richard Radcliffe died in September, 
1623, and his will was proved at Chester in the same year.^ 

In the Account Book of the Governors of the School appear 
the following memoranda '.^ 

** 1624. That there was given by the late schoolmaster Mr. 
Radclyffe for the buying of school-books the sum of {£j lys. 2d.) 
seven pounds seventeen shillings and two pence which sum re- 
maineth in the school stock in the custody of Mr. Starkey." 

On the next page is : 

** A note of such Bookes as weare given by Mr. Radclyffe And 
appoynted by the Govern" for the use of Heskin Schoole Accord- 
inge to Mr. Radcliffe his will viz :3 

' Richard Radcliffe was a member of a Ribchester family, probably related to Ralph 
Radcliffe of Dtlworth, one of the ** 24" of Ribchester, and the subject of the " Written 
Stone " of Dilworth. {Palaiine Note Book, vol. iii. p. 45.) He was bom in 1590, and 
seems to have received some part of his education at Oxford, as in one of the books in 
the library is this inscription : ** Rich. Radcliffus 7"<» Junii 1608. I have beene in St. 
Maries Hall 2 weekes one quarter and one weeke. R. R." He was the fifth master 
of the School. He was buried in Eccleston Church, and a stone slab under the altar 
table bears the following inscription: "Here lyeth the bodye of Richard Radcliffe 
whoe was a paynefull and profitable teacher at Heskin School xi years. Bom in 
Ribchester P'ish and dyed in September Anno Dom. 1623. Aged 33. Nil solidum.** 
(The Rev. J. Sparling, in Local GUaningt, 4to, vol. ii. p. 104.) 

' I am indebted for these extracts to the Rev. W. G. Sale, B.A., of Bumley, who 
has also furnished me with tracings of the MS. catalogues of the books, and has taken 
much other trouble about the matter. I must also thank E. Sale, Esq., of Eccleston, 
Treasurer and Trustee of the School, for sending to me for examination the existing 
remains of the library. 

J The books marked * are all that remain. Of the forty-eight volumes, of which 
the library now consists, only one or two are perfect, not only are the bindings, and 
leaves at the beginning and end, generally missing, but in many volumes, engravings 
or wood-cut initial letters have been cut out or destroyed. 

172 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

♦Cornu Copie.' 

Hutton's Dictionarie. 

Assentius upon TuUie's Epistles. 
*A Commentary upon Virgill.2 

A Commentarie upon Rhamus.3 
*A Commentarie upon Ovid.^ 
♦Aristotle's Organon in greeke & latin.^ 
♦Tullie's Offices w^ a Commentary upon yt upon Marsius and 

♦Terrence w^ a Comentarie upon yt7 

' This is an edition of the Cornucopia she lingua latina commentarii of Nicolas 
Perottus, probably printed in the first half of the sixteenth century, but as several 
leaves are missing at the banning and end, it is difficult to identify, as more than 
twenty editions were printed between 1500 and 1550. Many woodcut initial letters 
have been cut out of the volume. Successive generations of scholars have scribbled 
over the pages, and amongst the autographs are ** Edward Mason," "Thomas Green," 
"Thomas Waring," "James Tatlocke," "John Taylor." 

' A copy of the folio edition of Virgil, with the expositions and conunentaries of 
Servius, Probus, Mancinellus, Donatus, Valerianus, Ascensius, and Beroaldus, printed 
by Vidoiie, at Paris, in 1529. The volume contains numerous woodcuts, but many of 
them have been cut out, and several leaves are wanting at the beginning and end. No 
copy of this edition is in the British Museum. 

3 A copy of an edition of Virgil^ with the Commentary of Ramus^ would seem to 
be intended by this entry. 

* P, Ovidii Nasonis .... Opera .... cum doctorum virorum commentariis .... 
His accesserunt Jacobi Mycillii Annotationes, Hervagius. Basle, fo. The two volumes 
are bound in one. The title page is missing, but the first volume is dated at the end 
1543 ; the second is dated 1548. Some leaves are wanting. The book is copiously 
annotated, apparently in Richard Radcliffe's handwriting. 

5 A copy of the second edition of the Organon in Greek and Latin with the Com- 
mentary of J. Pacius. (Francfort, 1597, 4to.) The Commentary has a separate 
title page. It contains Radcliffe's autograph, with date 1609. 

* There is copy of an edition of the De Officiis^ De Amiciiia^ DeSenectute^ and Para' 
doxa, with the Commentaries of Ascensius, now at the School. It is imperfect at the 
beginning and end, but is clearly the product of a Lyons or Paris press of the first 
quarter of the sixteenth century. One or two of the wood-cut initials are cut out. It 
is a small folio in the original boards, covered with stamped leather, and at the 
beginning is written, " Hie liber pertinet ad Heskinensis scholam. Scriptam per me 
Jacoi. Rigby." 

' A copy of a quarto edition of Terence, imperfect at the b^;inning and end, but 
printed at Lyons or Paris early in the sixteenth century. 

Heskin School Library. 173 

Crispin's Lexicon. 

Aristotle's physike by J. Cass : » 

Haddon's workes. 
♦TuUie de natura deorum.2 

Speculu AstrologiaB.3 

*De Finibus et Tusculan questions. 

Phrigias [Freigius ?] questions geometricke. 

Erasmus Copia verbor. 
*Polani p'ticiones Theologicae.^ 
♦Ramus Logicke.s 

TuUius Rhetoricke. 
♦Tytleman's Lodgicke.^ 

Whitaker's against Sanders. 

* Probably the Ancilla Philosophue, seu Epitome, or the Lapis Philosophicus^ seu 
Comm, in vUi, libros Physicorum Aristotelis (Oxford, 1599, 4to), by John Case, is 

■ There are two volumes of Cicero at the School, one containing De Natura Deorum, 
De Divinatume, De Fato^ De Legibus, and Fragmtnta librorum Philosophicorum, the 
other containing the Questiones Acadeniica, De Finibus^ and the Quest, Tusculana, 
They seem to form part of an edition of the Opera Omnia of Cicero, printed at Paris 
about 1573. The first of these volumes seems to be referred to in this entry, and the 
other in the next entry but two. 

3 Francis Junctin, or Giuntino, an Italian Astrologer, published two books with 
Speculum Astrologia as part of the title, in I573» and 1582. Gesner gives the fiill titles 
in his Bibliotheca. 

4 The Partitiones Theologicee of Amandus Polanus first appeared in 1591, according 
to Watt. The title page of the Heskin copy is missing. 

s The book intended by this title seems to be P. Rami Schola in liberates artes^ 
quarum elenchus est proxima pagina {nempe: Grammatiar libris xx, Rhetoricee lib, xr, 
Dialecticce lib, xx, Physica lib, viii^ Metaphysicce lib, xrv. Mathematics separata opere), 
Basilese, per Euseb. Episcopium, 1569, mense augusto, in fo., 1166 columns, an im- 
perfect copy of which is still in existence. 

^ There is a dilapidated volume still at the School with the title Dialectics Con- 
siderationis librisex, Aristotelici Organi summam, hoc est, totius Dialectices ab AristoteU 
tractatce complectentesy Lugduni, Rovillium, 1564, 8vo., by Franciscus Titelmannus, 
a brother of the Minorite order. Jocher, and Gesner, give some account of him and his 
works. The flyleaves of the volume are fragments of an early English (black letter) 
edition of the Prognostications of Nostradamus. It also contains the note by Richard 
Radclifie, given on p. 171, and many annotations by him. 

1 74 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

Glareanus Chronologic. 

Casius Lodgike. 

Cambden's Greeke Grammar. 

Clenard's Greeke Grammar. 

Hosorius de Regis Institutione.' 

Lecostines his Similes. 

Perkins' goulden Chaine in Latin. 
♦Ascam's Epistles.^ 
♦Macropedius de Conscribendis Epistolis.3 

Tulli ad Herenn. 

Ursticius Arithmeticke. 
♦Tulli his familiar Epistoles.^ 

Seaton his Lodgicke. 

Susen Brotus Figures.^ 

Nowel's Catachisme in Greeke & Latin. 

Contextus Universa Gramatices p»* Pelisionem.6 

' The De Regis Institutione et Disciplina^ of Jerome Osorius, Bishop of Algarve, is 
no doubt intended. 

* The title page of this Tolume is missing, but besides the Epistles, it contains the 
Oratio de Vita et Obitu Rogeri Aschami, by E[dward] G[rant]. On the last page is 
"Londini, Ex officina Henrici Bynneman TypographL Anno Domini, 1581.** Mr. S. 
L. Lee, in the Bibliography, appended to his excellent life of Ascham in the Dictionary 
of National Biography does not mention this edition of 1581, and there is no copy in 
the British Museum. Mr. Lee, after speaking of the first edition, published in 1576, 
says, "it was republished in London in 1578 and 1590, at Hanover in 1602 and 1610, 
and at Nuremberg in 161 1. In 1703, William Elstob published a new and much 
enlarged edition at Oxford." Both Watt and Lowndes mention the edition of 1581, 
and Clement {Biblioth^que Curieuse^ vol. ii. p. 157), in his note on the book, gives an 
edition of this date from the Bodleian catalogue of Fisher (1738), and the Sion Collie 
catalogue of W. Reading (1724). 

3 An imperfect copy of this work is now at the School. It contains the names of 
•* Will Haydock," "James Farrar," "Robert Hesketh." 

4 There are two copies of one edition, and one of another, still at the School. AH 
are imperfect. 

5 Joannes Susenbrotus was a German grammatical writer. He died in 1543. Gesner 
gives a list of his works. 

^ This would be a copy of the Contextus Universa grammatices Despauteriame^ cum 
suorum Commentariorum epitome^ brevissime concinnata per yohanntm Pdlissonem 
Condriensem, editions of which were printed by Robert Estienne in 1535 and I547» 
and by Charles Estienne in 1559. 

Heskin School Library. 175 

Rixtius [/>., B. Riccius] de Imitacione. 
♦The I. 2. and 3. volumes of TuUi his Orationes.^ 

Theocritus in Greeke & Latin. 

Lucius Florus. 

Catullus &c. 

Cesar's Comentaryes. 

Carion's Chronickles.^ 

Apolinarius his psalmes in Greeke and Latin. 
♦Femelius de Universa Medicina.3 

iEnigmata varior. authoru.^ 

W: Leigh. William Diconson. 

Edw: Wrightinton. Nycholas Hallywell. 

Edw: Chisenall. Richard Prescott. 

Henry Ashhurst. James Pemberton." 5 

* A firagment of a volume of Cicero's Orations is now at the SchooL 

* See ante, p. 87. 

3 The fifth edition. Francfort, Wechel, 1593. 8vo. 

4 Several Collections of yEnigmaia et Griphi appeared in the sixteenth and seven- 
teenth centuries. The book intended by this entry is probably JEnigmata et Griphi 
veterum et recentium, Duaci, 1604. 8vo. 

5 These names, appended to the Catalogue, were no doubt those of the Trustees o 
the School in 1624. 

William Leigh was Rector of Standish. See Archbishop of York's Visitation, I590» 
Chetham Miscellanies (Chet Soc, vol. xcvi.), p. 14. 

Edward Wrightington was the son of John Wrightington of Wrightington (Rec. 
Soc, vol iii. p. 17), and his name appears amongst the Foreign Burgesses of the Guild 
Merchant of Preston in 1622 (Rec Soc, vol. ix. p. 79). He was brother-in-liaw of 
the Rev. William Leigh, and was an executor of his will {Stanley Papers, Chet. Soc, 
vol. xxxi. p. 118). He seems to have been knighted before 1640, as Baines {Hist, of 
Lancashire, edit of 1868, vol. ii p. 150) speaks of " Sir Edward Wrightington Knt. 
living in 1640 . . . reader of Grays Inn." He was amongst those removed from the 
Commission of the Peace for the County of Lancaster by order of the Parliament, in 
October, 1642 {CivU War Tracts, Chet. Soc, vol. ii. p. 60) ; and in November of the 
same year, the Earl of Derby, in a letter dated from Wigan, to William Farrington, 
Esq., asks his company, ''That with the assistance of Sir Edward Wrightington and 
other Gent, here we may agree of some course for the good of the Countrie." {Far* 
ington Papers, Chet. Soc, vol. xxxix. p. 90. ) In the Roll of the Preston Guild Mer- 
chant for 1642 (Rec Soc, vol. ix. p. 188) there appears ''EdVus Wrightington miles 
Jur*.** His name occurs again at the head of the Governors of the School in 1653. 

176 Old L ibraries of Lancashire. 

In the year 1653 another Catalogue of the books belonging to 
the School was made and entered in the Minute Book, from 
which it appears that the library had increased by twenty-two 
volumes. I Of these, however, only seven now remain, and they 
are all imperfect, viz. : Two volumes of Lipsius' Works, an edition 
of Homer, with a Commentary by Spondanus, Cooper's Diction^ 
ary, an edition oi Livy in two volumes, and an edition oi Horace. 
(Studio et opere Greg. Bersmanni. Lipsiae, 1602. 8vo.) 

The two most interesting of the volumes in the Catalogue, now 
missing, seem to be Raleigh's History of the World, and Sandy's 

In the year 1657, £2 is. lod, was expended in purchasing eight 
books, and the only remains of these are imperfect editions of 
Quintilian and Seneca. In 1663 i8j. was paid for "y^ diction- 
arie, and Smetius." In 1669 William Frith gave eight books to 
the School, of which the only one now remaining is an imperfect 
copy of B. Keckermann's Systcfna Logicce. The next entry in 
the Minute Book relating to the library is : 

On the south side of the altar of Standish Church is a tomb with a full length figure 
on it erected to the memory of " Sir Edward Wrightington of Wrightington knt. one 
of the Council of the North, who died 5th October, 1658, aged seventy eight years six 
months and five days." (Baines, vol. ii. p. 162.) 

Edward Chisnall of Chisnall died in 1635. His funeral certificate is recorded in 
Funeral Certificates (Rec. Soc, vol. vi.), p. 202. The family entered pedigrees at 
St. George's and Dugdale's Visitations. 

Henry Ashurste of Ashurste, son and heir apparent of William Ashurste, in 1604, 
is mentioned in Lancashire Inquisitions (Rec. Soc, vol. iii.), p. 17. The family 
entered a pedigree at St. George's Visitation. Notes on the Ashurst fiunily will be 
found in Local Gleanings^ 4to, vol. ii. 

William Dickenson of Eccleston died circa 1652, according to the family pedigree 
recorded in Dugdale's Visitation. See also Stanley Papers, pt. ii. (Chet. Soc., voL 
xxxi.), p. 163. 

A James Pemberton also signed the Catalogue of the books belonging to the School 
in 1653 ; and in 1658, James Pemberton, "of ye same blood and name with ye founder," 
was appointed Usher of the School. {Local Gleanings, 4to, vol. iL p. 105. ) 

' This Catalogue is signed by "Edw: Wrightington, Ri: Standish, W. Ashhurst, 
Edwd. Chisenall, Robt. Mawdesley, Chr. Rigby, Tho: Wilson, Robt. Hallywell, and 
James Pemberton," who were no doubt the Trustees of the School at this time. 

■ See ante, p. 157. 

Heskin School Library. i77 

" Cicero's Works in two volumes given by Mr. Hugh Diccxm- 
son of Eccleston one of the Govii" of y« said schoole." ' 

In 1686, " Thos : Mort of Mawdesley gent : " gave three books 
to the School, but none of them are now in existence. In 1734, 
there was paid " for mending Glass windows, and other repairs. 
Books, Table &c. i 10 o." several other subsequent payments 
for books occur in the Account Books of the School, and in 1762, 
1778, and 1 8 12, new Bags '*for the Books," were bought. 

Besides the books before mentioned, there are nineteen volumes 
now at the School, most of which are more or less imperfect. 
Amongst them are a copy of the first Decade of Livy's History 
(Lugduni, Vincentius, 1 537, 8vo), which has on the title page, 
"Alexander Barlow Junior 1572 pretiu xviii penes"; Kecker- 
mann's Sy sterna Physicum (Hanoviae, 161 2, 8vo), on the title of 
which is written, " Tho: Combes booke : Student in All Soules 
Colledge in Oxford"; copies of the Qucestiones CEconomiccs 
Politico and Qucestiones Logicce et Ethicce, of Freigius, and of the 
Jurisprudentice Media (Lugduni, Rovillium, 1561, 8vo), of Par- 
dulphus Prateius. There are also imperfect copies of the Scrip- 
tores Historic Romanov (Geneva, 1609, 2 vols, fo.), and an edition 
o{ Martial (Ingolstadt, 161 1, fo.). 

Towards the end of the seventeenth century, Mr. Christopher 
Wase, one of the Superior Bedells of the University of Oxford, 
addressed a number of questions to the Masters of the Grammar 
Schools throughout the country, for the purpose of collecting 
accurate information about them. The seventh of these ques- 
tions was. Whether the school possessed any library, or whether 

' Probably a copy of the Opera Omnia, London, 1 680-1, 4 torn, in 2 vol. The 
second volume is still at the School. It is imperfect and in a very dilapidated 
condition, and is scribbled over from end to end. On each back is impressed ** Hugo 
Dicconson Marg** dederunt." He was probably the Hugh Dicconson, charged 
with alienating property to the Jesuits {Jacobite Trials at Manchester, Chet. Soc, 
vol. xxviii. pp. 7-8), who was a Governor of Heskin School in 1674. (Local Glean- 
ings, 4to, vol. ii. p. 106.) By his will, bearing date March 30, 1683, and proved at 
Chester in 1693, he gave £^0 for six blue cloth coats, to be bought annually for the 
poor of Eccleston township. {Charity Commissioners^ Report,) 


1 78 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

there was one in the neighbourhood of the school. The reply 
from Heskin, dated January 28, 1673-4, was as follows M 

" A small library we have consisting of some 80 volumes most 
of them were left to y« school by Mr. RadclifT master thereof. 
Some of y^ books are very considerable as Sir Walter Raleighs 
History of the World ; Plutarcks lives in English ; Lipsius works 
2 folios ; Spondanus upon Homer ; Perottus*s Cornucopia ; 
Scap. Lexicon ; Servius Ascen and Picrius upon Virgill ; Lam- 
bin upon Horace ; Lubin upon Juvenal and Persius ; Sandy's 
Travells ; Coopers Dictionary w^ severall other schoole books 
and others very useful both for y® schollars and masters. Manu- 
scripts we have not any." It appears that there was also a " study 
for yc books." 

The printing of this reply from Heskin, in the " Local Glean- 
ings'" column of the Manchester Courier in 1877, was followed 
by a letter from Mr. Sale, one of the Trustees of the School, 
who stated that he was not aware of there being any record of 
the small library of books given by Mr. RadclifTe ; and by one from 
the late Rector of Ecclcston (Rev. John Sparling), who wrote "the 
'library' alas, can nowhere be found !"2 But the result of my 
enquiries has been the discovery of the forty-eight volumes 
before mentioned, which arc preserved at the School in a small 
wooden chest, and are all that remain of the old School library. 

' All the extracts from Mr. Wase's MSS. (now in Corpus Christi College, Oxford), 
relating to Lancashire, will be found in Local Gleanings^ 4to., vol. ii., 1877-78. 
' Local Gleanings f 4to., vol. ii. pp. iio-ii. 

Kirkham School Library, 179 


A library has existed at the Kirkham Grammar School from 
an early date, but of its foundation there is no record. 

It appears, from the Report of the Charity Commissioners, that 
in 1725 Dr. W. Grimbaldeston, by his will, dated September 28 
in that year, directed his trustees to lay out ;£'so on land, and to 
dispose of the clear rents and profits in the purchase of such lexi- 
cons, dictionaries, grammars, accidences and other classical and 
school books for the use and benefit of the scholars of the Free 
Grammar School of the town of Kirkham, as the Visitors of the 
said School, or the major part of them, should from time to time 

The lands were let in 1821 iox £7 rent, and the Commissioners 
stated that " The Head Master of the School orders such Latin 
books as are wanted by the poorer scholars, and the bill is sent 
to Mr. Hornby. The number of classical scholars being very 
small, and the parents of most of them being of ability to purchase 
books themselves, the demand is very trifling. A few books have 
also been purchased for the library attached to the School, which 
is kept in the Head Master's room, and contains about two hundred 
volumes. This is not used by the boys, as they are supplied with 
such books as they want in School, and according to the rules of 
the School drawn up by the Company of Drapers, they are not 
allowed to take them out of the library." At that time ;£'28o 
was in hand, and the report states, " that as the application of 
this fund is so limited, and the fund is annually increasing, it is 
wished that some other mode of application could be pointed out, 
by which means the whole of the balance could be usefully dis- 
posed of; perhaps, however, it would be more advisable that this 
balance should be placed out, and continued as principal bearing 
interest, and that directions should be given to the master of the 
school to distribute amongst the scholars according to their merits, 
or in such manner as the visitors may think fit, such books as 
may be of use to them in their respective situations in life, to the 
extent of the annual income.** 

i8o Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

Among the Statutes made by the Drapers* Company was the 
following : 

" That the scholars should never have liberty for a whole day^s 
play granted them ; that they never should have liberty to play 
more than once a week .... that whoever should procure them 
liberty to play, should give 2J. to the Head Master, to be employed 
towards the buying of books, or some other advantage to the said 
school, .... that the books belonging to the school should be 
kept clean and locked up every night, and never carried from the 
said school." * 

A catalogue of the books was made in 1848, which, besides 
being incorrect on several points, only purports to give the titles 
of the books, without the date, or place of printing.* The present 
Head Master writes as follows : " The books are kept in two lai^e 
cupboards in one of our school-rooms and are seldom used. Since 
I have been here — i.e,y since Jan., 1878 — no books have been 
added, nor — except by myself — y^ed. They are in a good state 
of preservation. I have made some enquiries, and can get no 
information as to how the library was originally founded or since 
increased, as no one seems to know of any documentary evidence 
bearing on the subject Dr. Grimbaldeston left ^^50 to be in- 
vested in land for the supply of classical books to be used in the 
School. This fund, now much increased, is known as the Classical 
Book Fund, and is entirely devoted to the supply of school books 
for the boys. I am unable to say whether this fund has ever 
supplied books to our library." 

There are now about three hundred volumes in the library, 
many of which are comparatively modern. They are principally 
classical, together with a few theological works, and are generally 
without much interest or value. The most interesting, are editions 
oiY\3W€sRhcmish Testament (i6oi\ Brown's translation of 7>ri!«/. 
lian (1657), Fox's Martyrs, and a copy of Morton's Cat/iolic Appeal, 

* Charity Commissioners^ Report. 

' I am indebted to the Rev. W. S. Matthews, M. A., the present Head Master of 
the School, as well for lending me this catalogue, as for the trouble he has taken in 
reference to my enquiries. 

Lancaster School Library. i8i 


" The earliest mention of the Grammar School of Lancaster 
appears to be in 1615, when Randall Carter gave an annuity of 
ten pounds for the maintenance of the Usher, but it is supposed 
to be of very ancient date, and as it seems to have been, as far 
back as can be traced, entirely under the management and con- 
trol of the Corporation out of their general funds, it is probable 
that it was founded by them There is a building adjoin- 
ing the church yard on the west side which bears the date of 1682. 
This building consists of a schoolroom .... and two rooms above 
.... there is also a library over the porch containing a consider- 
able number of books, some of which have been given by different 
benefactors, and others have been presented by scholars upon 
leaving the school." ' 

Nicholas Carlisle, in his Concise description of Endowed Grants 

mar Schools,^ says of Lancaster School : " There is also a room 

allotted to a library in which there are now about 3(X) volumes, 

consisting of Divinity, History, British Classics, &c. This library 

was originally established by the Corporation, but of late years 

considerable additions have been made by the laudable example 

of young Gentlemen, who could afford it, making a donation of 

an useful book, or a set of books on leaving the School. The 

Usher has charge of the library." The twelfth of the Rules and 

R^ulations of the School, made in 1802, is as follows: "That 

the Usher for the time being shall be the Librarian and have the 

care and management of the Library in this School, which has 

lately been considerably enlarged, and that he be responsible for 

the Books belonging to the same, and that the Usher do deliver 

the Books, and a correct catalogue thereof to every succeeding 
Usher." 3 

What has become of this library I am unable to state, as in 
answer to my enquiry, the present Head Master (Rev. W. E. 
Pryke, M.A.), in a letter dated May 21, 1884, wrote, "We have 
no library, or anything else of antiquarian interest." 

■ Charity Commisrioneri Report * Vol. I. p. 665. » Idem,^ p. 668. 

rS2 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 


The School of Leij^h possesses a library of about 
onf: hunrlrorl and twenty volumes, probably the remains of a 
much larger collection. They have been catalogued by Mr. J. 
fC. Bailey. F.S.A., who, in F'ebruary-. 1879* delivered an interesting 
lecture on the Grammar Sch«X)l and its librar\*, which has since 
been printed.' 

The founder of the librar>' appears to have been Ralph Pilling, 
who was for twenty years the Master of the School, and who died 
in or shortly before X'Ji^^, leavinj^ his Iibrar>' to the School.* Few 
if any volumes have since been added. 

The books are kept in a cupboard in the upper story of the 
school hr)use, but a more suitable book case is about to be pro- 
vided. The volumes are for the most part octavo or infray and 
many of tliem are imperfect. Theology, Medicine, Logic, Rhe- 
toric, anrl Moral Philosophy, are all represented, and though 

' 7'hif (irammnr Srh<hfl of I^i^h, in the county of Lancastir^ and its Library: A 
Lfrturf tl/lr-^rf.l A» th* M^mh^^n of the Lei^h Literary Society, lo February^ 1879, ir 
y>hn /■:. /iailey^ /'-"/., f'.-^.A. [Reprinted from The Leii(h ChronicUJ\ Though I 
hnvf m.iMr n |i''r-:' «:<.i{ittnati')n of the library, I am much indebted to this Lecture^ 
nxu\ \tt thr MiitixiuM'utu it amtains. Unfortunately Mr. BaUey's Catalogue of 
thr li/Kiics h.i> \t»'v.u'l, an^l I have not had the advantage of referring to it. 

* from rho niiro;;r,iph riotf<i of Ralph Pilling, which occur in several of the books» 
Nfr. \',;\\\f.y \\!i> r.ollrrrr'j much interesting matter respecting this worthy man, who not 
r»rily frninH/:'! \\\c. hlimry, hut through whose exertions the school was rebuilt in 1719^ 
n^ «tp|»far-i fr/nn a h.ilf ol>litcratcd I^tin inscription over the school door. He was 
vt\\\t.n\fA at \\r.^V\i\ SrJKKil in 1696, and '*at the more celebrated and ancient school 
of M.-innhf^trr. Mc nrvcr gr.vliiated at the Universities, but left Manchester School 
Ut U'tituu: the ma»trr or prtrfectus of Leigh Grammar School after 24 June* 1699, at 
whir h dnfc hr Hr^crilird himself as an alumnus of the former schooL The inscriptions 
in hi^ JKKilcs M-mn lo shrw that he was a man who was vain of his learning. In the 
yrar nainrd, hi; Mylr«l himself in different books ' Philologus,' ' Philotheologus ' and 
* Philiatnis' and hr aUo uses the per()lexing letters S.M.D. after his name." In the 
iiisr.ripiion crmimi-iiiorAling the rebuilding of the school, he is described as Doctor and 
nriirfiinior. In M-vrr.iJ l)f»oks is the name "Richard Bradshaw.*' He was of Pen- 
niri^Moii ill I^-i^rh rari>.h, and a liberal benefactor of the school. He gave an endow- 
ment of /6 per annum in 1681, and contributed £10 to the rebuilding of the school in 
1719. ( Itailry, fM}*h Grammar School and its IJbrary. ) 

Leigh Scliool Library. 183 

most of the books are in English, there are a few in Hebrew and 
Greek, twenty-eight in Latin, and two in French. Forty-nine 
out of the hundred and twenty volumes now remaining are upon 
theological subjects. The most interesting book in the collection 
is a copy of Melanchthon's Latin translation of the Proverbs {Salo- 
monis sententice versce ad Hebrakam veritatem a Philippo Melanch- 
thofUy 1525), containing the autograph of Archbishop Cranmer, 
" Thomas Cantuarieii." ^ 

The library contains only two books which can be properly 
described as rare, the one a collection of tracts on Canon Law 
by Joannes Franciscus a Pavinis and others, printed at Paris in 
15 12, arte et industria Nkolai de Pratis, sumptibtis et expeitsis 
Galioti du Pre?- The other rare volume is a copy of the Unio 
Dissidentium of Herman Bod6, printed at Cologne in 1527, 8vo.3 

* "The pedigree of this book," says Mr. Bailey, "may partly be traced by the 
autographs. In an old hand is the name ' F. Smallwood.* Then John Birchenhead 
(of Magdalene College, Oxford), 1677, bought it for 5/.; and he gave it to Pilling, 
whose name, dated 1699, it also contains. An idle boy has also scribbled his own 
name in it" (See Mr. Bailey's note on the book in NoUs and Queries^ 5th series, 
▼oL xL pp. 83-4. See also p. 135, in the same volume.) 

''The volume unfortunately wants the first folio containing (presumably) the title. 
It commences with a tract of J. F. a Pavinis, De officio et potestate capituli sede tnuante. 
This is followed by several other treatises by the same author, then one by Pietra 
Santa and two by Caraccioli. Joannes Franciscus a Pavinis, whose name will be 
looked for in vain in the Biographical Dictionaries, was a Professor at Padua in the 
latter half of the fifteenth century. lie died at Rome in i486, leaving a considerable 
number of Tracts on matters of Canon Law, some of which were printed in the thirty 
years which followed his death, but others still remain in manuscript. Several of 
these treatises were reprinted in the great collection, Tractatus universi juris duce et 
auspice Gregorio XIII, in unum congati, Venetiis, Zilctus, 1583- 1586, 29 vols. 
roy, fa Notices of Jo. Fr. a Pavinis (more or less accurate) will be found in Pan- 
drolus, De clar, legum Interpr., lib. iii. c. 44; Simon, Bibliotht'que Historique des 
autheurs de droits vol. i. p. 237 ; Taisand, Vies des phis cel^bres JurisconsuU^s^ p. 418 ; 
Facciolati, Fasti Patavini^ pt. ii. p. 95 ; Oudin, De Script. Eccl. ; and Possevinus, 
Apparatus Saeer, I have found nowhere an accurate or complete list of his works 
and their editions. The best is that in Panzer, AnnaJes Typograph.^ vol. v. p. 349, 
and voL xL p. 22. 

' Umo Dissidentium^ libcllus omnibus unitatis et pads amatoribus utilissimus ; ex 
pracipuis ecclesia Christian<e doctoribus selectus per venerabilem patrem flermannum 
Bodium Verbi Divini concionatorem eximium. Although this book had at least twenty 

1 84 Old Libraries of Lancasfnre. 

The theological writers include Abemethy," AUein, Brooks, 
Broughton, Burroughs, Dickenson, Fenner, Field, Gouge, Hall, 
Hammond, Edward Leigh, M. Meade, Parr, Perkins, Slater, Steel, 
Sydenham, Jeremy Taylor, Thomas Taylor, Venning, Thomas 
White, and Woolfall. 

Two of the Hebrew books deserve notice, viz., an epitome of 
the Tfiesaiirus Lingiice Sanctce of Sanctes Pagnini* (Antverpiae, 

editions in the sixteenth century, copies are very rarely to be met with, and each 
edition is alnK>st equally scarce. Very little is known of the supposed author. Her- 
man Iknle, whose existence has even been called in question. Feuerlein in the 
Kiitzlithe ArbiiUn der GeUhrten im Reich (Nuremberg, 1 733), p. 249, suggests as the 
author Herman Lxthmatius of Gouda (or Ldhmannus^ as he enoneously calls him). 
a friend and correspondent of Erasmus. Lxthmatius was a professor of theology at 
Utrecht, where he was Dean and Vicar General for twcnty-fiw years. He died in 
1555, and many letters to him are contained in Almeloveen's Amotnitaies Tkeologkm 
Philologica^ Amstclcctlami, 1694. Yet Feuerlein seems to have no other ground for 
his suggestion, than that the principal work of Lxcthmatius, De instaurando rtHgiotu^ 
was intended, if ix>ssible, to reconcile Catholics and Protestants. 

The Ifnio Dissident ium was intended as an Eirenicon, but it met with a Teiy 
unfavourable reception at the hands of the Church of Rome. It was ordered to be 
burnt by the Sorbonnc in 1530, in the following terms : " Liber cui titulus est : Unio 
Dissidentium, Hermani Gobii : {sic) comix>situs ad firmandam damnatam Lutheri 
doctrinam, publice est exurendus, tam Latine, quam Gallice editus." Thirteen erroneous 
propositions are extracted from the work. (Duplessis D* Argentr^, Coileetio yttdicionum^ 
vol. ii. pp. 85, S6.) It was twice again condemned by the Sorbonne, and inserted in 
the two Catalogues of books censured in 1542 and 1551 (li^iV/., pp. 135 and i68)p and in 
the Catalogue of heretical and forbidden books issued by the Inquisitor of Tonlooae 
Frere Vidal de Bccanis in 1549 (printed by M. de Frcnllc, under the title De la 
Police des Lh'res au Xl'I suvie, Paris, 1S53). One of the charges against Etienne 
Dolct in 1542 was that a copy of the C^nio Dissidenthtm was found in his house. 
Finally, the book and its author had the honour of being placed in the first class of 
the Index ProhibUorum Llbrorum of the Council of Trent. 

It is, no doubt, these successive condemnations, and the consequent destruction of 
copies of the book which followed, that has caused its extreme rarity. 

A long account of the book and an enumemtion of eighteen editions — the latest in 
1602 — will be found in Clement's Bihl, Curxeuse^ vol. iv. pp. 413-419. 

* A copy of the first edition of Abemethy's Phy sick for the Sou/, is in the library. 
There is no copy in the British Museum. (See ante, p. 39.) 

■ See, for an account of this learned and excellent man, the Pere de Colonia*s Histoire 
Litteraire dc I.ycn^ and Touron, Ilistoire des hommes Iliust. de tordre de St, Datmnique^ 
His Thesaunts lin-^ur sanct^c (Lyon, 1529, fo.) was several times reprinted, and con- 
tinued for more than a century to be the standard Hebrew Lexicon. 

Leigh School Library. 185 

Plantin, 1675, 8vo), and two copies of Schickhard's Horologium 
EbrcBum sive Consilium quomodo sancta lingua spacio xxiv. hora- 
rum ah aliquot ColUgis sufficientur apprehendi queat (Londini, 

The Greek books include a copy of the Enchiridion Methodicon 

of Nicephorus (Venice, 1612). There are several Greek and 

Latin classics, and copies of the Colloquies of Erasmus and Cor- 


But few books of local interest are to be found at Leigh. The 
most important is a copy of the first edition of the Anglers Vade 
Mecum^ 1681, written by James Chetham of Smedley, and printed 
for Mordecai Moxon, bookseller in Manchester. * 

There are also copies of BuUokar's English Dictionary, Record's 
Arithmetic, with additions by John Dee and John Mellis (1652), 
Bacon's Historic of Life and Death (1658), and Those fyve 

' The first edition of this book appeared at Tubingen in 1623, and of the forty editions 
which followed, the best is that of 1731 (also Tubingen), corrected, with a life of the 
author, by Speidel. The author was not, as the title of this book would suggest, a 
charlatan, but a learned Oriental scholar (skilled not only in Hebrew, but according to 
Jocher, in Syriac, Chaldee, Arabic, and Persian), and the lessons {orhora) spoken of in 
the title, are not intended to be consecutive, but twenty-four lessons of an hour each, 
with sereral days interval between them, during which the student was supposed to be 
working in private. The number of editions prove at once the merit and popularity of 
the work. In more recent times a certain Professor Koestner of Leipsic wrote Tfu Art 
of learning Hebrew in four weeks ! Leipsic, 1810. 

* Mr. Bailey {Leigh Grammar School and its Library, p. 27) remarks that this book 
" was a great favourite with anglers. Chetham refers to the works of Walton, Vena- 
bles, and others ; but he refrains from telling what holy and illustrious persons had 
been practicers of angling ; nor would he enumerate the advantages it had over other 
recreations, especixdly by the smallness of its expense, and its creating a calm and 
sedate temper of mind. Chetham was an enthusiastic angler. He avers that he had 
eaten eels out of thirty-seven rivers, yet none that he had ever met with were to be 
compared for goodness (although not large) and dcliciousness to the eels caught in a 
small Lancashire river called Irk. Their peculiar excellence is assigned to a very 
curious cause, viz., the numerousness of the fulling mills that then stood upon that 
river : ' the fat, oil, and grease scoured out of the cloth make the eels palatable, and 
(mx above other river eels.' " (p. 179. ) 


1 86 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

Questions which Marke Ttdly Cicero Disputed in his Manor of 
Tusadanunty translated by John Dolman (1561).' 

Some of the books given by Pilling have his name stamped on 
the back, and most of them contain his autograph signature. > 

' '* Thomas Worrall, Master of Leigh School in 181 1-12, has written on m blank page 
in Bacon's Historie^ the following : ' Miss E. Guest made me a present of a Tcry hand- 
some purse on Friday, August 9, 181 1. Her own hands made it, and it is theiefore 
with me invaluable.'" (Bailey, L€^h Grammar School^ p. 28.) 

* In Lancashire and Cheshire Historical and Genealogicai Noies^ toL iL, 1879-^1, 
p. 98, the editor (Mr. J. Rose) has the following note : " Leigh Gxammar School 
Library. This library, now reduced to about six score volumes, has very possibly 
grown less with years since first lefl by Mr. Ralph Pilling, about a century and a half 
ago, for the use of the masters and scholars of Leigh Grammar SchooL One Tolnme 
purchased for a few pence, and now in the possession of the editor of the ' Scrap Book,* 
evidently belonged to the Leigh Grammar SchooL The book is entitled like CAarat" 
ier of the Passions written in French by the Sieur de La Chambre . • • iransiaied imta 
English . . . London, 1650. Upon the title-page is written the well-known signature 
of ' Ra: Pilling,' and on the old leather binding is just decipherable ' Kadulphus Pilling 
Scholx Leighensis Praefectus 171 3.' As the adventures of old books are often worth 
noting, it may be mentioned that this waif from the I^igh Grammar School Library 
has been successively in the libraries of the (now non-existent) Mechanics Institate^ 
and the Leigh Co-operative Society." 

Manchester School Library. 187 


From the Statutes appended to the Foundation Deed of the 
Manchester Grammar School, dated 1624, it would seem that 
provision had been made for a library. The following is one of 
the paragraphs : 

"Itm, within the same scole, nor the libary of t/te same, by 
nyght or by day, any other actes, thyngs, plays, or other occupa- 
cions be hadd or used, in them or any of them, bot allways kepte 
honest and cleynley, as it beseemeth a scole, libary, and that after 
the cleynest manr, without any lodging ther of any Scole Maister, 
or of any Usher or eithr of them, or of any other pson or psons." » 

Carlisle, in his Description of Endowed Grammar Schools (vol. 
L p. 702), says, " It was the custom for Tuesday afternoon not to 
be a Holiday unless some one petitioned for it, and gave either 
five shillings or a book for the School Library, and in this way 
the greater part of the books have been collected.'* 

In 1856 the library consisted of about six hundred volumes, 
all, with the exception of about forty volumes, modern books.* 
Nearly all these forty volumes are still in existence, but, except 
the four volumes already mentioned ^ as having probably formed 
part of the Manchester parochial library, there is nothing to 
show how they came into the library. ' The following seem to be 
the most interesting books : 

Camden's Britannia. London, 1637. fo.^ 

Favine's Theatre of Honour. London. 1623.S 

Marci Antonini Imperatoris Historia, Grajce et Latine 
Studio operaque Thomae Gatakeri. Cantabrigiae, 1652.^ 

' Fmndatians of Maruhtster, vol. iii p. 23. 

* A notice of the Manchester Grammar School Library appeared in the Manchester 
Guardian of August 19, 1856. 

' Ante^ pp. 7-8. 

4 The name " William Barrow " is written in this volume. 

« This volume has the names, " Guliclmus Jackson," ** Jacobo Ashworth," " Kadley 
Aynscough," "Jolomne Odcroft," ** Richard Radlcy," "John Arrowsmith," "Jacob 
Cooke," and "Bcnj". Bowker." 

* On the title page of this volume is written in large characters "Joannes Worthing- 
too, S.T.D." 

1 88 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

There are also imperfect copies of Pagnini's Hebrew Lexicon 
(1614), Origen's Homilies,'^ Livy's Hist Romana (1578), Pliny's 
Historia Natiiralis (1582), and Epistolce (1600).* 

' On the margin of the second folio of the text is written, " For ye Reverend Mr. 
Bann vicar of Boden. Dear Sir — I having seven times seen your £Eur sister sm qnite 
overcome with ye love of her, and I desire dear sir that you would speak m good word 
for me, and I shall allwa>'s be your friend and servant. I hope sir to come and see 
you in a very short time your words will so prevaile over your beautifttll sister. ** 
Above is written the name "Loughton" or ''Langton." There is also the name 
'• Robert Kelsall " in the volume. 

" On the fly leaf is written " Ex dono Radley Aynscougfa 1639 — Ricfaaid Radley.** 

Rivington and Blackrod School Library. 1 89 


The founder of Rivington Grammar School, James Pilkington, 
Bishop of Durham, by his will dated February 4, 1571, made the 
following bequest : " My books at Auckland to be given by my 
brother Leonard according to my notes to the School at Riving- 
ton, and to the poor collegers and others." ^ 

Among the statutes which were drawn up for governing the 
School, are the following : 

" The Governors shall the first day of every quarter when they 
come to the School take an account of all such books as have 
been given to the School, and if any be picked away torn or 
written in, they shall cause him that so misused it to buy another 
book as good and lay it in the place of it and there to be used 
continually as others be. 

"The Schoolmaster and Usher whensoever the Scholars go 
from the School shall cause all such books as have been or shall 
be given to the School and occupied abroad that day to be 
brought into the place appointed for them, and there to be locked 
up ; and every morning shall cause the dictionaries, or such other 
books as are meet to be occupied abroad by the Scholars, that 
have none of their own, to be laid abroad, and see that none use 
to write in them, pull out leaves, nor carry them from the School ; 
and if any misuse any book, or pick it away, the Governours shall 
cause him to buy another as good, to be laid in the stead of it, 
and occupied as the other was. 

"And for the books of divinity, the Schoolmaster and Usher 
and such as give themselves to study divinity, shall occupy them, 
that they may be the more able to declare any article of the 
catechism or religion to the scholars ; and in the church to make 
some notes of the Chapters that be read, that the people may 
better understand them, and remember what is read. And yet 
these books they shall not carry out of the School, without license 

' Memoir of James Pilkington, in the edition of his IVorkSf printed by the Parker 
Societj. The Bishop was a native of Rivington. 

190 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 

of the Governours, and on pain to bring it again, or else to buy 
one as good in its stead, and to be allowed out of the Masters 
or Usher's wages. 

" If any preacher come and desire to have the use of some of 
those books, they shall let him have the use of them for a time 
so that they see them brought in again ; none other shall cany 
them from the School except they have license of half the Govern- 
ours and be bound to bring it safe again."' 

The Schoolmaster at Rivington was one of those who replied 
to the questions of Mr. Christopher Wase in 1674. The answer 
as to the library was as follows : 

" Some bookes (and by many tis believed a considerable quan- 
tity) were left by the patron or donor to the School But by one 
ill means or other, how or when its not known, they are reduced 
to a small and inconsiderable number. Neither is there any 
Library within any town near adjoyning except such as the 
School near of Bolton can give a more perfect accompte of than I. 

"from Schoolmaster 

" John Bradley." of Rivingtoa" » 

In the year 1640, Roger Bradshaigh granted to Christopher 
Anderson a messuage or tenement called Graveoak on trust to 
pay the yearly rents to the Schoolmaster of the Free School of 
Blackrod for the Advancement of his wages subject to this limit- 
ation, that if the schoolmaster should be found insufficient and 
not able and experienced to teach scholars the Latin and Greek 

tongues it should be lawful for the trustees to retain the 

said stipend either for the repair of the said school, the buying of 

' Rivington School Statutes. B7 the Rev. J. Whitaker, M.A., Head Master of tlie 
School. London, 1837, Svo, pp. 163, 184-6. The Statutes were originally written 
in Latin, '* but at what p>eriod," says Mr. Whitaker (p. 95), "or by whom the Statutes 
were translated into English I have not had the means of ascertaining ; one of the old- 
est MS, copies, said to be the original one, has the date, 1576." The Statutes were 
again edited with corrections and additions by Septimus Tebay, B.A., Head Master, 
in 1864 (Preston, 8vo). 

' Local Gleanings^ 4to, vol. ii. p. Io8. 

Rivington and Blackrod School Library. 1 9 1 

books for a library for the said school^ or for the increase of the 
stipend of the head master. * 

In the year 1875, the Rivington and Blackrod Grammar 
Schools were merged into one, under a scheme of the Charity 

The Rev. G. Squire, M.A., the present Head Master of the 
united School, in a letter to me dated March 30, 1883, writes, 
" I have made enquiries and cannot obtain any information with 
reference to the libraries of which you made mention." He sug- 
gests, however, that the books in Rivington Church ^ may be the 
remains of the School library. In a further letter dated April 26, 
1883, he writes, " I have examined with some care many of the 
old documents in our School chest, and have not been able to 
find any Catalogue of Books belonging to the School, or any 
reference to a library." 

* Charity Commissioners Report, 
s See asUe, p, 106. 

192 Old Libraries of Lancashire. 


The Grammar School of Wigan possessed a librafy as early 
as 1647, when the Reverend Henry Mason, B.D., died, aged 
seventy-four, having given in his lifetime his valuable librafy to 
the Grammar School.* This library was evidently deemed of 
much importance, and the Mayor and Corporation of Wigan 
show, by the Statutes made for the School in 1664, that they 
were far in advance of their time, both as to understanding the 
value of a library, the proper mode of its management, and the 
art of catalogue making. The eighth of the Statutes, made with 
the advice and consent of the trustees of the School, was as 
follows : 

" The Master shall take special care of the library now belong- 
ing to the School, or that shall hereafter be bought for the 
School ; to have a perfect catalogue of them written in a book 
to be fixed to the desk, there always to remain, of all such books 
as are or shall be brought together, with the names of the author, 
title and edition, together with the number of the volumes of the 
said books, with the names of any future donors, and shall be 
ready to give a true and perfect account of the said library when 
the said Mayor for the time being, and the greater number of 
trustees shall require it, and that none of the said books (upon 
any pretence whatsoever) shall be lent out or removed out of the 
said library at any time ; and the Master and Usher for the time 
being, shall from time to time appoint such or so many scholars, 
as he or they know fit, to make use of the said library books, or 
so many of them as shall be useful for their better profiting in 
their respective way of learning ; and that none whosoever, shall 
be sufifered to write in, or scratch or deface with pen, or otherwise 
any of the said books, and that once in a week by the care and 
appointment of the Master or Usher, the dust shall be beaten 
and put of!" the said books, and the like care to be taken by them 

* Notitia Cestfintsis, vol. ii. (Chet. Soc., vol. xxi.) p. 252; Wood's Atfun^ {fi^\, 
of 181 3), vol. iii. p. 220, where some account of the Rev. Henry Mason and his 
works will be found. Sec also ante^ p. 45. 

Wigan School Library. 193 

for the preservation and good usage of them as by experience 
they shall find best or otherwise shall be advised."' 

But the present Governors and Master know nothing of the 
foundation of the library or of any catalogue which has ever been 
made, and I am informed by the Rector of Wigan, the Hon. and 
Rev. Canon Bridgeman, that there are no deeds or papers in any 
way relating to the library. No catalogue is in existence, but a 
considerable number of books still remain, and they are num- 
bered in pencil in such a manner as to lead to the inference that 
a catalogue formerly existed. 

About two hundred volumes, mostly modem, at present form 
the library of the Wigan Grammar School, and nine of them, 
having been printed before Henry Mason's death, may have 
formed part of his library. Five of these are imperfect. The 
perfect volumes are Scapula's Lexicon (1602) ; Lipsius' De 
Militia Romana (1596), and Admiranda sive de Magnitudine 
Romana (1598) ; Claude Dausqu^'s Antiqui Novique Latii Ortho- 
graphiccB (1632); Delrius' Syntagma Tragcedice Latince (1593). 
There are also good copies of Lycophron (Oxford, 1696-7-8, fo.) ; 
Hammond's Paraphrase and Annotations upon all the books of 
the New Testament (London, 1659, fo.) ; and Walker's Suffer- 
ings of the Clergy (17 14, fo.). The remaining volumes are prin- 
cipally classical and school books not possessing any interest.* 

« Carlisle's Concise description of Endowed Grammar Schools (i8i8), vol. L p. 72$, 
where, as well as in Sinclair's History of Wigan (1882), vol. L pp. 185-^, these 
Statutes are printed in extenso, Mr. Sinclair erroneously stales that they had not 
before been printed. 

• In the first volume of Sinclair's History of IVigan (1882) the author states— upon 
what authority I know not — that the Master had constantly to reside on the premises, 
and be specially careful of the books left as a library to the school by Dr, Lynacre, 
Ljmacre was certainly Rector of Wigan, but it is equally certain that he left no books 
to the School, nor, indeed, is there any evidence of any school being in existence at 
Wigan in 1524, the year of his death. Lynacre gave his medical books to the College 
of Physicians on its foundation. The remainder of his library he bequeathed to John 
Plumtre. (Johnson's fjfe of Linacre, pp. 300, 344.) There is no record of the foun- 
dation of Wigan School, but the earliest reference to it which Mr. Sinclair could find 
was in a deed dated in 1596. 


194 Old Libraries of Lanc(iskire. 

Great Crosby. 

The Merchant Taylors' School at Great Crosby was founded 
by John Harrison, Citizen and Merchant Taylor of London, who, 
by his will dated 5 May, 1618, gave certain houses and money 
for the maintenance of the same, and entrusted its government to 
the Merchant Taylors* Company.' 

In or about the year 1629 a sub-committee of the court of the 
Merchant Taylors* Company visited the School, and on 21 Octo- 
ber in that year the court made the following order with regard 
to it: 

" And the Com. further moved that for the better encourage- 
ment and enabling of the Scholars there in their learning, Diction- 
aries and other books may be bought and provided to be sent 
thither to remain openly in the Schools for the common use of 
the Schools, which report this Court did approve of, and hath 
ordered supplies for the books ... to be made accordingly. 

Books ordered — 
Calcpinc*s Diction. 
Cooper's Diction. 
Scapula! Lexicon. 
Nizolii Diction. 
Rider*s Diction. 
Seneca Opera. 
Titus Livius. 

Dcnucrc [Dormacl.^] Epithcta. 
Licosthcnis Apothcgmata. 
Textoris Epitheta. 
Licosthenis Simil. 
Textoris Officina. 
Gloolenii [Goclcnii] Observa. 

Elegantia Poeta. 
Valerius Maximus. 

* A^otitia Cestritfisist vol. iu (Chet. Soc., vol. xxi.) pp. 220-2I. 

Great Crosby Sc/iool Library. 195 

Flores Praetarum [Poetarum]. 

Thesaurus Poeticus. 


Histor. Diction. 

Histor. Poet, and 

An English Bible.*" 

These books seem to have been provided on the 4 May, 1630. 
The School was amongst those from which replies were sent to 
Mr. Christopher Wase's questions about forty-five years later, and 
the answer to the question respecting the library was as follows : 
"A very small library; noe Manuscripts."^ But the present Head 
Master (Rev. S. C. Armour, M.A.) in answer to my enquiry writes: 
"there is nothing now remaining of the small library to which 
you refer." 

' I am indebted to the Rev. S. C. Armour, M.A., for this extract from a volume 
printed for private circulation in 1875, entitled Memorials of the Merchant Taylors 
Company, I have been unable to find a copy in the British Museum. The extract is 
given as printed in the volume, but it contains obvious errors. Some of these I have 
corrected by adding the words in brackets. (The information in the text respecting 
Great Crosby reached me too late to allow of its being inserted in its proper place%) 

' Loceil CUanings^ 4to., vol ii., p. 118. 


AR., Scala Sancta^ 109. 
« Abbot, Archbbhop of Canterbury, 

37. 39. 

George, 39 ; an yob^ 39 ; on Psalms^ 


Sir Maurice, 39. 

~ Robert, 94; Defence of Perkins ^ 39. 

Sir Thomas, of Easington, 39. 

Abbotesbury Abbey, 136. 
Abelardi et Eloisa EMstola^ 16^. 
Abemethy, John, Pnysickfor the Soul^ 39, 

53. 184. 
Abine;don*s Antiquities of Worcester ^ 166. 

Abrabanel, R. Isaac, 91. 

Acontio or Aconzio, Jacopo, 83 ; Strata- 

getnata^ ib, 

Acquaviva, J. M., 83. 

Adam, Melchior, 94. 

Adam's Sermons , 33, 51 ; <>» Peter ^ 33. 

Roger, 74. 

iEIianus' History, 84. 
^nigmata varior, autkorum, 175. 
jCsopics translated into English^ 146. 
Agnppo, De vanitate scientiarum, 89. 
Ainge, Edward, 155. 

Ainsworth, Robert, 120; Dictionary, ib, 

Alardi Similiiudines, 83. 

Alcuin, 73. 

Aldus, 2, 125, 166. 

All Souls' College, 9, 10, 13, 17, 155, 177. 

Allein, 184. 

Allen, Tohn, 85. 

Y^xWizm, Discourses, 117, 119. 

Allington, Wlm., 159. 

Aimers legacies, 140. 

Alstedius, J. H., 82, 83; Encyclopadia, 

Ambrose, Isaac, Prima dx*c, 40, 64 ; Look- 
ing to Jesus, 40. 

Amerbadi, Joannes dc, 91. 

Ammianus Marcellinus, History, 83. 

Amyot, 156. 

Anderson, Christopher, 190. 

Anderton, Christopher, 85, 86. 

James, of Clayton, 86. 

- James of Lostock, 84, 85, 86 ; Pro- 
testants Apology, ib. 

Anderton, Roger, 86. 

Andrews, Bishop, 75, 108, 130; Catukis- 

ticcU Doctrine, 33, 51, 151 ; Sermons, 

52, 159, 160. 
Annotations on the Bible, 33, 52, 64. 
Annual Register, 169. 
Answer to Dissenters' plea for Separation, 

Antoninus, Marcus, 187. 
Apolinarius, his psalmes, 175. 
Apostolorum et Sanctorum Conciliorum 

Decreta, 127, 128. 
Appendix to small Parockial Library, 1 1 8. 
Aquitaine, 135. 
Archer, Thomas, 149. 
Aristotle, Politica, 131 ; Philos, Naturalis, 

142; Organon, 172, 173; Physica, 173. 
Arminians, 153. 
Armour, Rev. S. C, 195. 
Armstrong, Rev. John, 78, 79, 80, 82, 88, 

Amaux, M., 45. 
Amdtius, J., 117, 118; De Vero Ckristi- 

anismo, ib, 
Arrowsmith, John, 187. 
Ascensius, Jodocus Badius, 72, 131, 172, 

Ascham, Roger, 174; Epistles, ib. 
Ashall or Ashawe, Ellen wife of Leonard, 

Ashmole's Antiquities of Berkskire, 165. 

Ashton, Margaret, 15. 

Ashurst, Henry, 175, 176. 

William, 176. 

Ash worth. Jacobus, 187. 

Astley Church Library, 2, 69 ^ seq. 

Dr., 155. 

Astwick, 78. 
Atherton, Eleonora, 18. 

Henry. 18, 19. 

Atkinson, Eliz., 125. 

■ - Michael, 95. 
Atterbury, 13a 
Attcrsol on Numbers, 33 ; on Pkilemon, 

33 ; on Sacraments, 6a 
Aubcrt, Pierre, 152. 
Aubrey's Antiquities of Surrey, 165. 

1 98 


Auckland, 189. 

Auretwi Opus, 3. 

Austria, 134. 

Avicenna, 81, 82. 

Axon, W. E. A., 50, 74, loi, 105, 107. 

Aynscough, Radley, 187, 188. 

Ayre, Rev. John, 155. 

BABBINGTON'S Works, 33, 51. I 
I^con, Lord, 94, 133, 164 ; lltstory 

of Henry VI L, 108 ; VVorkes, 149 ; 

Historie of Life and Death, 185, 186. 
Bade, Jossc, see Ascensius. 
Bailey, J. £., 9, 12, 15, 20, 21, 68, 182, 

183, 185. 
Baird, John, 97. 
Baker, Sir R., Chronicle, 155. 
Baldung, Hieronymus, 43. 
Bale's Lives of the Popes, 85. 
Ball, John, 40 ; Works, ib. 

Thomas, 40 ; Works, ib, 

Ballcullun, 14. 

Bancroft, Archbishop, 94, 108. 

Bankworth, R., 109. 

Bann, Rev. Mr., 188. 

Banne, Rev. N., 17, 18. 

Barker, C, 131, 166. 

Barliston, 160. 

Barlow, Alexander, of Barlow, 1 1. 

Alexander, junior, 177. 

on Timothy, 33, 51, 57. 

Roger, 32. 

Baronius, 84 ; Annates, 37, 73. 

Barrett, James, 48. 

Barron, Benjamin, 149. 

Banough, 133. 

Barrow, Isaac, 75, 109, 130, 166. 

WiUiam, 187. 

Bartholomew's fair, 134. 
Basa, D., 93. 
Bassetheye, 136. 

Bate, John, 47. 

Bates, 94. 

Batty, Henry, 157. 

Baxter, 23, 53, 106, 157 ; Saint's Rest, 40, 

53, 64 ; Infant Baptism, 40, 54, 64 ; 

Reformed Pastor, 54 ; Works, 57. 
Bayle, 83, 87, 88. 
Bayly's Disuasive, 40. 
Bayne, Henry, 99. 
091 Ephesians, 33, 51, 57 ; on ColoS' 

sians, 40, 57. 
Beard's Theatre of God's Judgments, 33, 

57, 65. 
Beauchamp, Johanna, wife of Sir William, 


Beaufort, Cardinal, 135. 
Becanis, Frire Vidal de, l84« 
Becke, Matthew, 3. 
Beckford Library, 88, 93. 

Richard, 156. 

Becon, T., 41 ; Comwumpiaut, ib. 
Beda, Noel, 72. 

Bedc, 73. 94- 

Bedford, 80, 132. 

Bell, Thomas, 149. 

Bellarmin, 84 ; Conirovenia, 85 ; Df Seri^ 

toribus Ecctesiasticis, 86; Apologia^ 128. 
Bell^eut, Paul de, 132. 
Bell's British Poets, 169. 
Benalius, 2. 
Benedictine editions of the Fathers, 82, 

103, 127. 
Benenatum, 90. 
Benmohel, N. L., 1 1 6. 
Bennet, Dr. Thomas, 119. 
Benson, Elizabeth, 151. 

Thomas, 151. 

Bentley, 37. 

Bcrenyo, see Beronicius. 

Berket, Sir John, 3. 

Bernard, R., 40 ; on the Saboaik, ib. 

Bemoldeswyke in Blakbomshire, 136. 

Beroaldus, 172. 

Beronicius, P. P., Fax nova ling. kUima^ 

Bersmann, Gre^., 176. 

Bettesworth, John, 163. 

Beveridge, 130, 166; Catechism, 162, 163. 

Bexwicke or Beswicke, Isabel, daughter 

of Richard, 11. 

Bexwyk, John, 5. 

Sir John, 5. 

Beza ^7 1 27. 

Bible, 59, 91, 98, 99, 104, 118, 127, 146b 
147, 150, 162, 163, 166, 195 ; Bishops', 
143, 146 ; Froschover's, 102 ; Hebrew, 
8; Vatable's Polyglot, 71; Walton's 
Polyglot, 102, 127. 

Biblia Maxima, 91. 

Bibliander, Theodore, 102. 

Bibliotheca Eeclesiastica, 123. 

fratmm Polonorum, 103. 

Bilson's Works, 51, 53. 

Binascho, Damianus de, 81. 

Binius, Sevcrinus, 84 ; Concilia, ib. 

Binneman, Henry, 74, 174. 

Birch, Ambrose, 8. 

of Birch, 8. 

John, 8. 

of Openshaw, 8. 

Peter, 17. 



Birch, Samuel, ii. 

- Thomas, ii. 
Birchenhead, John, 183. 
Birckbeck*s ProUstant Evidtnces^ 50, 53. 
Birkensbawe, William, 64. 

Bishop, Dr. William, 39. 
Blackhall in Kendal, 156. 
Blackrod Grammar School, 106, 190, 191. 
Bkdes, W., 5. 
Blair's Sermons^ 106. 
Blake on the Covenant ^ 40, 54, 57 ; Cove- 
nant Sealed^ 40, 54. 
Blashfield, John, 160. 
Blasios, 133. 
Blechley, 119. 
Boordman, Thomas, 112, 114, 116. 

William, 112, 114. 

Bod^, Herman, Unto Dissidentium^ 183, 

Boden, Vicar of, 188. 
Bodleian Library, 43, 145, 147 ; Catalogue^ 

Bodley, Sir Thomas, 43. 

Boehm, Anton Wilhelm, 118. 

Bohn's Classical Library, 83. 

Bolayne, Anna of Norfolk, 135. 

Boleyn, Anne, 129. 

Boldi Manor, 136. 

Bollifimt, 92. 

Bolton Church, 20, 55, 56. 

Church Library, 19 et seq., 32, 37, 

40^ 42, 46, 48, SOftsfg., 57, 58, 61, 63, 
100, 120; Churchyard, 55; Grammar 
School, 37, 40, 42, 46. 5'. 53» 54* 5^. 
60, III et seq.f 190; School Library, 
III et seq.'f Parochial Library, 117; 
Vicar of, 115. 

Bonellus, 131. 
Bonn, Hermann, 87, 88. 
Booker, Rev. J., 31, 97. 
Booth and Johnson, Messrs., 8. 

Mr., 21. 

Robert, 11. 

Bootle, Rector of, 150. 
Bordman, Hugh, 64, 67. 
Bouland, Blakebomeshire, 136. 
Boulton, Robert, 27; Works, 40, 54, 65, 


- Samuel, Arraignment of Error , 57. 
Boven, John, 135. 

Bowker, Benjn., 187. 

Bowman, Thomas, 145, 166, 169. 

Bownas, James, 148. 

Boxley Abbey, 157. 

Boyer 8 History of Queen Anne, 164. 

Boyle, 37. 

Bradford, 27. 
Bradley, John, 190. 
Bradshaigh, Elizabeth, 77. 

family, 80, 81. 

Roger, 81, 190. 

Sir Roger, 77. 

Bradshaw, John, of Darcy Lever, 18. 

Mr., 97. 

R., 31, 32, 182. 

Sir Richard, 4. 

Bradshawe, Robert, 32. 
Braithwaite, George, 162. 
Bramhall, 94, 108. 
Brasenose College, 14, 122, 126. 

Bray. Dr., 117, 119; Bibliotheca Farocki- 
alis, 117; Country Curates Library, 
118; Papal UsurtHition, 1 19 ; Parochial 
Libraries founded by, 117, 141. 

Brent, Sir N., 65, 74. 

Brcreley, John, see Anderton, James. 

Brercley's Protestants Apology, 84, 85, 

Breviarum Rontanum, 74, 128. 

Brewster, E., 109. 

Thomas, 90. 

Briche, Thomas, 3. 

Bridge, 23 ; Works, 41. 

Bridgeman, Hon. and Rev. Canon, 193. 

Brigntman on tke Revelation, 41, 65. 

Brinsley*s True Wateh, 41. 

Brittany, 134, 135. 

Brooke, Richard, 159. 

Brookes, Major Nathaniel, 150. 

Brooks, 184. 

Broughton, Hugh, 51, 94, 184; View of 

the Scriptures, 51. 
Brown, Edward, 128. 

H., 3. 

John, 125. 

Rirley, 74. 

Browne, Edward, 151. 

Thomas, History of Elitabetk, 132. 

Brownlow, 133. 

Broxsam, John, 32. 

Broxup, John, 31, 32, 38. 

Bruno. 133. 

Bucan's Commonplaces, 41, 43. 

Bucanus, Gulielmus, 41. 

Buckingham, Humphrey, Duke of, 135. 

Budwonh, Great, 90. 

Bull, 130. 

Bullokar's English Dictionary, 185. 

Bunbury, 38. 

Bungary School, 14a 

Bunting, Henry, Travels, 41. 

Burgcnsis, Pauli, 91. 



Burgess on yohn^ 65 ; of yustification^ ib,\ 

Spiritual Kefineings^ ib. 
Burk ill's Commentary, 98. 
Burnet, 108, 130. 
Buniey, I)r., 157. 
Burnley, 121, 124, 125, 136, 171 ; Curate 

of, 104 ; Grammar Sch<xjl ami Library, 

121 ft ieq. 
Burroughs, 23, 184 ; on Ifosca, 40 ; Irftii- 

cum, 40, 57. 
Burton's Anatomy of Mdancholy, 133. 

■ Diz'ine Tracts, 41. 

■ History of Leicestershire, 133. 
Bunt, Mr., 130. 

Bur}', 5, 6, 73, 139: Church, 139; Con- 
servative Club, 142 ; Parochial Library, 
139, 140; Lfirilship, 140; Grammar 
School an<l Library, 139 et stq. 

Henry, ^etsct/., 10, ly) et seq. 

Ilenrj', of Tottinjjton, 140. 

Henry, of Wenslcy, 6, 140. 

Richard dc, P/iiIoffit\'on, 43. 

Saint Eilmundes School, 140. 

Busby's Greek Grammar, 116. 
Butler, 106. 

Byficld, Nicholas, ^^ ; on Coiossians, 33, ' 

59 ; on Peter^ 33, 59 ; on the CreeJ, 40. | 

By ram, Lli/abeth, 15. , 

John, 15. I 

Byrom, Adam, 15. ' 

Alice, 3. I 

Chapel, 19. I 

Kdward, 31, 32. j 

Eleonora, 19. | 

Joseph, 19. 

Pedigree, 15, 19. 

William, 12. 

B)Toms of Kersal, 19. 
Byron, Edward, 32. 

liythner, Victorinus, 116; Lyra, ib. 

CADE, Jack, 135. 
Ca^sanus, Bart., 1 31. 
Ca-sar's Commentaries, 88, 1 1 6, 175. 
Calais, 134. 

Caleoinus, Dictionary, 103, 159, 194. 
Calvm, 37, 84, ; Works, 20, 29, 63, 94 ; 
Harmony, 41 ; Institutes, 34, 52, 58, 
65, 66, 67, 128 ; on Isaiah, 34 ; on Job, 

34, 5«. 
Cambray, John, 89; Cauteles and Canons, 

Cambridge University Library, 109. 
Camden, 94 ; lucrum Anj^Iicarum, 132 ; 

liritannia, 150, 187 ; Greek Grammar, 


Camerarias, 87. 
, Camfield on ith Matthew^ 156. 

■ Cannc, John, 40. 

■ Canons, Book of^ 99. 
Cantemir, Demetrius, 165, 
Canterbur)-, Prerogative Court ol^ I J» 163. 
Car Side, 99. 

Caraccioliy 183. 

Caranza, 94. 

Carion, Johann, 87, 88 ; ChronicU^ 87, 88^ 

175 ; Ephemerides^ 87 ; TnaHse on As^ 

trology, ib. 
Carke in Cartmel, 14S. 
Carr, Robert, 1 58. 
Cartmcl, 136 ; Church and Libraiy, 76 el 

seq ; Priory, 76 , Vicar ot 78> &. 
Cartmell Town, 77, 78, 79. 
Cartwright's Ca/tachis, 41; Ml RJUmisk 

Testament, 51, 65. 
Cart Wright, Thomas, 74. 
Car^l. Joseph, 23, 41, ^\mjbb, 41, 42, 

Casaubon, 37, 46; Annoiations on I^grHusg 

Case, John, 173. 
Casius, Lodgike, 1 74. 
Cas!>, J., 173. 

Caslellus 133. 

Castiglione's Cortegiano, 88, 89. 

Catechismus Ronianus^ 88. 

Catullus, 175. 

Causes of Decay of Christian Pitiy^ 156. 

Cavalleriis, J. B. de, 93; PomHfiemm 

Romanorum E^gies, ib. 
Cave, 75, 108. 
Cawdrey and Palmer on ike Saboaik^ 42. 

Daniel, 42. 

Robert, 41. 

Caxton, Philip, 134. 

Ceil Her, Dom Remi, ffist. des aaUemrs 

sacris et ecellsiastiques, ca 
Centuriatores Magdeboigid, 72. 
Chaloner, 94. 

Chamberlayne's Anglia Notiiia^ 1591 
Chambcrlayne, Edward, 159. 

John. 159. 

Chapman, Rev. C. E., 96. 

Charenton, 46. 

Charles L, 37, 38; IVorks^ 89; Eikom 

BasilikS, 160. 
Chaucer, Thomas, Matilda, wife of, i^ 
Chaucer's Works ^ 132, i6a 
Chester, Consistory Court of, 31 ; Bishop 

of, 31. 
Chetham Church Libraries, i^elseq,^ 80^ 

108, 119. 


20 1 

Chetham Chapel in Bolton Church, 55, 56. 

Edward, 21, 30, 63, 64. 

George, 21, 25, 26, 30, 57, 60, 61, 

63* 64. 

Hospital and Library, 8, 10, 16, 18, 

19. 20, 23, 26, 29, 32, 49, 50, 56, 61, 

Humphrey, 8, li, 12, 16, i^etseq.^ 


Isabel 1, 3. 

James, 26, 54, 55. 

James, of S medley, Anders Vade 

Mecutttf 185. 

Ralph, 20, 

Chevallon, G., 71, 103. 

Chillingworth, 23, 75, 108, 130, 166 ; A*^ 

/<]fM7M of Protestants^ 65. 

CAifta, history of 148. 

Chisenall, Edward, 175, 176. 

Cholinus, P., 102. 

Cholmley, John, 149. 

Chorlton Chapel, 31. 

Christian Religion^ Principles of the, 106. 

Cicero, 131 ; Works^ 149, 177 ; Epistles^ 
172, 174; Orations^ 119, 175; Lticu- 
tn'otioms in omnes Orationes^ 125, 132 ; 
De OfkiiSt 149, 172 ; De Finibus et 
Tuscu/anas Qmestiones, 173; Tuscuians 
translated by Dolman ^ 186 ; De Natura 
deorum^ 1 73 ; Rhetoric ^ 1 73 ; Ad Heren- 
nium, 174. 

Clarence, George, Duke of, 135. 

Clarendon's History of the Rebellion^ 162. 

Clark, Evan, 12. 

Clarke, G. T., 34. 

Father John, 86. 

Clarke's Martyroloj^ie^ 34, 58, 65 ; Mar- 
row of Ecclesiastical History, 57, 58 ; 
Lives of the Fathers, 65. 

Clavel's Catalogue of Books, 42. 

Cleans Grammatica, 119. 

ClajTton, 21. 

Edward, 1 56. 

William, 73, 74. 

Clenard's Greek Grammar, 174. 
Clerke, B., De Aulico, 88, 89. 
Cliderhow, Capclla de, 136. 
Clifford, John, Lord, 135. 
Cockermouth, 170. 
Coggeshall, 47. 

Coke, 133. 

Cokersand, 136. 

Coitus Dictionary, 1 1 7, 161, 162. 

Collection of Cases to recover Dissenters, 1 00, 

lOI, 119. 
Collier, George, 2. 

Collinge. Luke, 123. 

Collinge's Cordial, 42, 53. 

Cokon, 157 ; Chapel, i^.; Ministers of, ib. 

Comber, 75, 108. 130 ; Companion to 

Temple, 100. 
Combes, Tho., 177. 
Comerford sale, 166. 
Commelliana, Ofld, 71, 89. 
Common Prayer, 99 ; Sealed Book of, 98. 
Compleat Gardiner, 133. 
Confession of Faith, and Catechism, 53. 
Confessions, Harmony of, 43, $4, 65. 
Conished, 146. 
Conishead Prionr, 76, 77. 
Coniston Churcn Library, 95, 96 ; Hall, 

95, 162 ; Parochial Chapel of, 95. 
Constantine, Emperor, 35. 
Constitutiones Pravinciales, 5. 
Cooke, Jacob, 187. 
Cooke's Pope Joan, 88. 
Cooper, Bishop of Lincoln, 34, 35 ; Works, 

34 ; Dictionary, 115, 147, 176, 178, 194. 
Copland, William, 129. 
Coppage, Sir John, 4, J. 
Corderius' Colloquies, 185. 
Cork, John, 62, 64. 
Comah Row, 99. 
Cornelius Nepos, 116. 
Corser, Rev. Thomas, 43, 132, 160. 
Cotes, T., 153. 

Cotgrave, Randle, Dictionary, 155, 158. 
Cottesbach, 119. 
Cotton's Works, 42. 
Coultate, William, 126. 
Courtenay, Hugo, of Devon, 134- 
Coventry, 135. 
Cowban, John, 99. 
Cowell, P., 102. 
Crackanthorp, 166. 
Crarooisy, 84, 85. 

Cranmer, Archbishop, autograph of, 183. 
Crawley, George, 151. 
Crec, John, 56, 82, fe, 145. 
Crispin's Lexicon, 173. 
Crompton, James, of Breightmet, 5$. 

James, 1 12. 

Mary, 55. 

Thomas, 112. 

Crook, John, 99. 

Crookc's Guide to Blessedness, 40, 65. 
Crossley, James, 32, 37, 50, 68, 74, 105. 
Crosthwaitc, St. Kcntigern, 166. 
Croston, 156. 

James, 19. 

Crowder, Richard, 15. 
Crowthcr, Richard, 15. 




Croyden hospital!, 140. 

Cud worth, Ralph, W(frks, 120. 

Culchcth (Newchurch) Chapvl, (^2. 

Cullack, see Tullack. 

Culpepper, 133. 

Culver>veirs Light of Nature^ 57. 

Curll, 165. 

Curio, Augustine, 92. 

D ALTON in Kendalc, 136. 
Dam House, 69, 70, 74. 
Daniel, John, 160. 

K., 109. 

Dantesick, 45. 

Darcie, Abraham, Atmah of Elizabeth, 

D'Assigny, Marius, Poetical /listoty, 154. 
Daus^iuc, Claude, Antiqui Xavique Latii 

OrthographiciCf 193. 
Day, j/, 41. 89. 

Dcane Church, 23 ; Vicar of, 20. 
Dechales, Muudtts Mathematicus, 158. 
Dee, Arthur, 15. 

Dr. John, 15. 

— ^ Rowland, 15. 

Rev. T., 116. 

Deering's Works^ 54. 

\>\z{o^\ Apparition of Mrs. Veal, 1 54. 
De la Portes of Lyons, 71. 
Delrius upon Seneca, 148. 
Denham, 127. 
Denton Chapel, 62. 
Denuere, see Dormacl. 
Derby, 136. 

Chapel, 6, 8, 11. 

Earlsof, 6, 8, 76, 139, 175; Edward 

Geoffrey, fourteenth Earl, 8 ; Edward 
Smith, thirteenth Earl, 8; James, seventh 
Earl, 6. 

Des Cartes, 117. 
Dicconson, Hugh, 177. 
Dickanson, John, 18. 

Samuel, 31, 32. 

Dicken^ion, 184I 

William, 176. 

Dickson, Christopher, 95. 

Myles, 95, 

Pcet., 51. 

Thomas, 95. 

Diconson, James, 31. 

William, 175, 176. 

Didsbury, 31 ; Church and Library, 97, 98. 

Dietrich, 127. 

J^igby, Sir Kenelm, Demonstratio immor- 

taiitaiis aniwa, 156. 
Dil worth, 171. 

Diodati, John, 153 ; AnnoiaHemSf 35, 14& 
Directory of Public Prayer^ 97, ija 
Dixionary, French and En^isk^ 155, 158. 
Doctor^s Commons, 122. 
Dodding, George, 77. 

Mary, 77. 

Miles, 146. 

Dod's Works, 42; <m Commamdmemts, 65; 

on Lord^s Pitiyer, ib. 
Dolct, Eticnne, 131, 132, 184* 
Dolman, John, 186. 
Dommerich, J. C, 88. 
Donatus, 172. 
Donne*s Sermons, 160, 161. 
Doring, Matthie, 91. 
Dormael, Epitheta, 194. 
Douce, Mr., 147. 
Downame, George, of JuttifiaUhn^ 35, 

52 ; on Psal, XV,, 42 ; Covemamt ijf 
Grace, 42 ; of Prayer, 42. 

John, Christian IVarfare^ 35, 51 ; 

Guide to Godliness^ 35 ; on DHnmiiy, 42, 

53 ; on l/osea, 42, 53, 
Drake^s Chronology, 65, 
Drelincourt on Dea/h, 154. 
Ducie, Lord, 18. 
Duckinfield, 90. 
Dugdel, Rob., 125. 
Dulacrese, 136. 

Du Moulin, Peter, 45, 46 ; BucMirofFaiih 
45 ; against Arminianism, 53, 66. 

Duns-Scotus, 94. 

Dupin, 128; Ecclesiastical History^ 164. 

Duplessis Momay, see Momay. 

Durel, Dr., Latin Prayer Book, Ijo ; 
Jlndiciie Ecclesicr An^icanee, 162. 

Durham, Bishop of, 44; Chancellor of 

Dyke's Works^ 42, 53. 

Dytton, 136. 

Earwaker, J. P., I, 145. 
Eaton, Richard, 90. 

Samuel, 90 ; Quakei^s Confuied^ ib, 

Eccles, 136 ; Vicar of, 52. 

Eccleston, 171, 177; Church, 171 ; Rec- 
tor, 178. 

W^illiam, 99. 

Echard's Roman History^ 117. 

Eden, Richard, History of Trawi, 93, 94. 
Edmondson, Christopher, 149. 

Hiet, 160. 

Education, System of, far Princes and 

Nobles, 76. 
Edward IV., 135. 



Edward VI., 106, 125, 132; Commis- 
sioneis of, 106. 

£dward*s against Independents^ 42. 

Egerton, Stephen, Brief Method of Cote- 
ekisinF, 41. 

Egerton s Post nati, 9a 

Eikon BasUikJ, i6a 

Elizabeth, Queen, 85, 132, 165. 

EUiotson, Joseph, 163. 

Elmley, 9. 

EUtob, William, 174. 

Elton on Romans^ 35, 52, 58; on Colos' 
sianSf 35, 53, 151 ; on Commandnunts, 
42, 53 ; on Lord's Prayer, 53. 

Etuciaaciones in Epistola Pauli, 4. 

Elzevir, Louis, 152. 

Elzevirs, the, 132. 

Enckiridum Ethicum, 118. 

Episcopius, 91. 92, 127, 173. 

Erasmus, 131, 132, 184 ; New Testament of 
4, 102, 127 ; Paraphrase on St, Paul's 
EpistleSy 4, 142 ; Edition of St. 
Jerome, 127 ; On the four ErvangelistSy 
77 ; Colloquies^ 126, 185 ; De Libero 
Arhitrio, 129 ; ZV Imniensa Dei Miseri- 
cordia^ 129 ; Adages, 147 ; Copia Ver- 
borum, 173. 

Erpingham, Joanna, wife of Sir Thomas, 

Eskricke, Henry, 115. [134. 

Essex, Earl of, 134. 

Estey, George, Certain Godly and Learned 
Expositions, 109. 

Esthwaite, 145. 

Estienne, Charles, 174 ; Dictionarium 
Historicum, 147. 

Robert, 174. 

Estwick's Confutation of BiddUs Socinian 
Catechism, 148. 

Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History, 35, 52 ; 
Opera, 72. 

Evagatoriumy 3. 

Evagrius, 3J. 

Eve, Nicholas, 93. 

Evelyn upon Forest Trees, i6a 

Everton, 136. 

Evesham, 136. 

FABRI Sorani, Thesaurus, 153. 
Falcucd or Falcutius, Nicolas, Ser- 

mones Medicinales, 81, 82. 
Falkner's Libertas Eeclesiastica, 1 58. 
Farrar, James, 1 74. 
Farrington, William, 175. 
Favines Theatre of Honour, 187. 
Fcatley or Fairclough, Daniel, 36, 42 ; 

Clavis Aiystica^ 36 ; The Romish Fisher, 

42, 54 ; Grand Sacrilege, 54. 

Fells, John, 102. 

Fenner, 184 ; Works, 36, 54. 

Fenton, Thomas, 6. 

Fcmelius, De Universa Medicina, 175. 

Ferrar, Thomas, 129. 

Ferus, Joannes, PostUla, 128. 

Feuerlein, 184. 

Fevrabendt, 88. 

ffoliott, Rev. W., 78, 79. 

Fiddes, 166. 

Field, Agnes, 79. 

Richard, i(t6,i%^;onthe Church,^!. 

William, 79. 

Filmer, 133. 
Fisher, L, 42. 
Fishwick, Colonel, 99. 
Fitzherbert, 94. 
Fitzwaulter, Sir Walter, 134. 
Flaccus, see Illyricus. 
Flanders, 135. 

Flavill, John, 150. 
Fleming, Abraham, 84. 

Daniel, 160. 

Roger, 95, 96. 

Wm., 95. 

Flores Bernardi, I. 

Poetarum, 195. 

Florus, 175. 
Fontainbleau, 37. 
Forma Verborum, 4. 
Fortescue, 133. 
Fortinianismus, 164. 

Fotherby, Martin, Atheomastix, i6a 
Fox, Grace, 6. 

John, Book of Martyrs, 49, 50, 58, 

59, 65, 74, 75, 77. 90, 99, 100, loi, 
104, 115, 146, 147, 161, 180; Contra 
Osorium pro Evangelica Defensione, 141 . 

Thomas, 6, 7. 

Francowitz, M., 73, 127. 
Frederic II., 88. 

Freigius, Questiones Geometricke, 173 ; 

(Economics Politica, ITI ; Logica d 

Ethica, ib. 
Fresnoy, Lcnglet du, 165. 
Frith, William, 176. 
Froben, Joannes, 90, 91, 92, 127. 
Froggat, Mr., 69. 
Fromond's Meteorologica, 133. 
Froschovcr, 102. 
Fry, Mr., 130. 

Fulke on the Rhemish Testament, 67, 180. 
Fuller. 47, 75, 94, 125, 130; Church 

History, 52 ; Holy War and State, ib. ; 

Appeal of Injured Innocence, 146, 1 51. 
Furncss, Manor and Abbey of, 77. 



GARFORTH, Edmund, 160. 
Garnet t, Dr., 165. 
Garstang, Vicar of, 149. 
Gastrcll, Bisho]), 115. 
Ga taker, 27 ; Sermons, 36, 52 ; Gods Eye 

on Israel f 42 ; Anionini Hisloria, 187. 
Gaudcn, John, Ectlesia Anglicana Suspi' 

ria, 149. 
Gautruche, Pierre, Utstoire Poetiqtu, 154. 
Gawsworlh, 104. 
Gawthorp, Thomas, 170. 
Gaza, Thco<lore, Greek Grammar, 166. 
Gee on Prayer, 65. 
Gcnschius, 72. 
George I., 1 18. 
Gibbon, William, 146, 147. 
Gil^>son's Preserz'ative Against Popery, loi, 

109 ; Codex, 103, 164 ; Saerament of 

Lord's Supper, 162, 1O3. 
Gilbie, A., 127. 
Gillespie's Aaron's A*od, 58. 
Gillies* History of Greece, 169. 
Gipps, Thomas, 73. 
Giunt%, 84. 
Giuntino, see Junctin. 
Glarcanus' Chronolo^e, 174. 
Gloucester, Humphrey, Duke of, 134. 
Goclcnii, Observa., 194 ; Ele^antia Poeta, 

Go<legat, Jchan, 3. 
Godwin's History, 108 ; De Pnrsulibus, 

Godwyn's Roman and Jewish Antiquities, 

Goldmg, Arthur, 45, 93. 
Goldman's Dictionary, 146. 
Goodwin, Richard, 55, 56. 

Thomas, 23 ; Works, 43, 58. 

Gordon, Alexander, Tyrociniutn Lingua: 

Latina, 119. 
Gorton Church Library, 19 et seq, 32, 38, 

40» 50, 56, 58, 61, 62 et seq, 84, loa 
Gouge, Thomas, 184. 
William, Works, 36, 52 ; Christian 

Armour, 58 ; on the Ilcbre^vs, 58. 
Goulard, Simon, 73, ^. 
Grant, Edward, 174. 
Grasmere, Rector of, 95. 
Gratius, Ortuinus, Fasciculus rerum Ex- 

petettd.intm, 128. 
Gra>'thwaitc, 157; Hall, 143; Field- 
Head, 1 48. 
Great Crosby, Merchant Taylor's School 

at, 194. 195- 
Greaves, Edward, 18. 
Greek Testament, 4, 6S, 127. 150, \(i6. 

Greene, Mr., 21. 
Grccnham's PVorks^ ^ 58, 
Grecnhill, 23 ; on EukiH, 43, 5S. 
Greenwood, Robert Hodgson, 169, 170. 
Gregory XHI., 93. 

Ralph, 112. 

Thomas, 112. 

Grcne, Sir James, 3. 
Grimbaldeston, Dr. W., 179^ i8a 
Griscdale, 143, 144, 146, 158. 

Rev. Robert, 162, 163. 

Grosart, Dr., 38, 39. 

Grotius, 152; De Veriiaie, 74; Ckrisius 

Patiens, 157. 
Gruter, Janus, Polyanthea^ 158. 
Gryphius, J., 131. 
Gualter, R., 102. 
Guest, E., 186. 

Guild, William, on the Canticles^ 157. 
Guillard, Charlotte, 71. 
Gumall, Spiritual Armour ^ 43, 54. 
Gymnicus, 73. 

HACKET, Tohn, Sermons, 158. 
Haddon% IVorks, 173. 
Hagh in Holland, 153. 
Haighe, William, iii. 
HakcM-eirs Apology, 65. 
Hakluyt's Voyages, 132. 
Hale, Sir Matthew, Moral and Divime 

Contemplations, 160. 
Hales, John, Golden Remains, 74, 133. 
Hall, 108, 184 ; Paraphrase on the Bible, 

Hall, Samuel, 160, 161. 
Hallywell, Nicholas, 175. 

Robert, 176. 

Hal.sted, lianastre, 1 26. 

Charle<s of Rowley, I2I, 126. 

George, 126. 

Henrj*, 121. 

Rev. Henry, I2I et seq., 138. 

John, of Rowley, 126. 

LawTence, 125, 138. 

Halton Maner juxta Lancaster, 136. 
Hammond, 23, 94, 184; on Psalms, 52 ; 

Practical Catechism, 152 ; IVorks, 159 ; 

on \e:o Testament, 193. 
Hanby, Mr., 18. 
Hanmer, Meredith, 35. 
H.innen, Sir James, 9. 
Hardy, John, 146, 151. 
Harland, John, 31, 32, 48, 73. 
Harmar, Samuel, 31, 32. 
Harmony of Confessions, 43, 54, 65. 
Harper, Rev. John, 55, 56. 

Hanald, Edmund, 48. 

Harru't Ifirrii, 36 ; Strmeni, 65. 

Harmon, John, 19*. 

Hartley, John, H. 

Mr,, 9. 

'Rine.fS Printiplii 1^ PIttUiopky, ia6, 

tlalfivld, gg. 

Hawkshead, 143 a seq.; Church, 144; 
CIctk pf, T44. '45. 160; Field Head, 
149;, 147; Minister of, 
144, 149, 157, 170 ; Parish of, 162 ; 
School and Ubra^, 143 ft tiq. 

Haworth, 133. 

La:, 81. 

Richard, II, 

Hardock, Will,, 174. 
Hayhurst, Bradley, 104. 

HL-nciy. 104. 

RidiiLr.i, 104. 

HayniLi", i!i-li.ip of Halbersladt, 73 ; Ho- 

Hailewood, Rev. Boalby, 105. 
Heiaey, J., 33. 

Hebrew Biilf, 8 ; OIJ Talamml, 1 50. 
Hederici Lexicon Cracum Manuair, 1)6. 
HeUby, T., 33. 
HcDry HI., 137. 

VJ.. 34, tjj. 

vm 30. 

Heibert, Geoise, Trmfle, 133. 

IIcrodotiDi, 90. 131, 

Herimii. Al.-..iii,kr. ^4. 

Hertdpoll, 136. 

Hcrvigiiu, 71,72, 89, 171. 

Hcrvet, G«ilian, 71. 

Hraiod, 119. 

Ilnketh, Robert, 174. 

l[i-.kyji!,r.iiiuii,i( School and Library, 171, 

a leq, 181. 
Hawaii, 46. 
Haycbii Lt-xUen, 149. 
Hewlett, Rev. William, 69, 75. 

130; Cosmography, 54, 55, 

Hcyrick, Richarit, 9, 11, 15, 27, 31. 
Heyton estates 85. 

Rocer, 85. 

Heywootf, Mr., 140, 
Hickc». 130. 
Hieral, 90. 
Hieron's fVoriti, 56. 

Ilildeisaro oh Pial. Xl.I., 36, 52, 59, Cj ; 

on John IV., 36, 52, 
Hill, Robert, 41. 43 ; l.ifi Extrlasling, 43, 


Hill, William, IZ9. 
llihon, William, 113. 
Histor. Poet., 195. 
Hitchon, Joshua, laj. 

Hoa<lk-y, 130. 
I-Iolond, 136. 

Holbioockc, John, 31, 32. 
Holbrooke, Rev. Richard, rf. 
Holders PrimipUs of Harmony, 124. 

[!!,llan.l, KallicMUW, 86. 

Mr., 21. 

Philemon, 83, 151. 

Professor, 9, 

Richard, 11. 

Hollar. 14f>. 

Hollinivonb, Kithnrd, II, II, 20, 21, »I, 
2+. as. 27. 29. 30, 44. 48, 63, 64, 71, 
loS ; ManeuHKnrii, 13. 

Holt, Henry, son ofj^unea, 6, 140. 

Homer, 146, 150. 176, 178. 

ffomUUs, Book of, 60, 74, 98, 99, 106. 

Hunnor, Jobn, 148. 

Hoochilrat, M., 129. 

Hooker. Richard, 33, 75, 108, i^;Etele- 

liaslieal Polity. 148. 
— - Thomas, iVori4. 43, 49, 54. 
Hoole K Tasso, Ijo. 
Hooper, K., 157. 
Ho[,tins, 166. 
Hopwood, Martha, 63. 

- Mr., 21. 

IIowcl's History oftkr IVorlJ, 164. 
Howktns, Eliiabeth, 148. 

John, I49, 150. 

Howletl, Rev. W. II., 141, 143. 

■- i- 


;c'jrgv. onllieimallerprophett, 
yt-.anj,. Jokn, Gosptl. a. 
Jlutlon, RichanI, 15a 

Hutlon-s/),;/W../j-. 172. 
Hyde, Rev. John, 13. 



Hyde, Mr., 21. 
Robert, II. 

/XDEPEXDEXCY, History of, 149. 
Index Expurgatorius, 131, 132, 184. 
Innocent III., 137. 
Instructions, Book of, 99. 
Illingworth, James 26, 27. 
lUyricus Flaccus, 73 ; Catalogus testium 
I'eritatis, ib ; Gloss a compenJiaria, 127. 
Ipswich Library, 5. 
Irene, Empress, 88. 
Irk river, 185. 

Isaacson *s Chronology, 54, 1 6a 
Islip, 83. 
Isocrates, 119. 


ACKSON, Arthur, on the Pentateuch, 

^c., 43. 
George, 95. 

Guliclmiis, 187. 

James, 31. 
ohn, 74. 
Jacobson, Dr., $2. 
Jacques, W., 118. 
James I., 45, 85. 

II., 154. 

Richaril, 43. 

Thomas, 43 ; Corruption of Scripture, 


Jenison, Robert, on Compunction, 43, 44, 

Jenkins on Jude^ 36, 59. 

Sir Leoline, 13. 

Jepson, Alice, 8. 

Robert, 8. 

Jcrmyn on the Proi'erbs, 36, 59 ; on Eccle- 

siastes, ib, 
Jesus Chapel, 8, 10, 11, 12, 16, 19, 48, 

49; Trustees of, if, 17, 18, 32. 
Jewell, 75, 108 ; Apolosy, 36, 49, 59, 77, 

98, lOi, 142 ; Works, 68 ; Dispute with 

I/artiinjr, 155. 
JoddrcU, Paul, 163. 
Johnson, Charles, 156. 

Edward, 7, 8, lO, II, 12. 

John, 74, 

- Messrs. Booth and, 8. 

Richard, 20, 21, 23, 24, 25, 26, 29, 

Zo, 38, $1, 52, 63, 64, 67. 

Johnston, Ephraim, 73, 74. 
Josephus*% History, 36, 5$, 65, 15a 
Juda, Leon, 102. 
Judex, M., 8. 
Jugge, R^ 94. 
Junctin, Francis, 173. 

Junt£, 71, 84. 

J ^ustite Restored^ 125. 
uvenal, up; Lubin\ 116, 154, 178 ; 
Stapylton% 119, 151. 

KAY, Roger, 140, 142. 
Keckermann, B., Sysiema Logka^ 
176; Systtma PkysicutH^ 177. 
Keliemer, 99. 
Kendairs IVorkes, 36; againsi GaaJwim, 

Kent, John, 151. 

Ketten [Kenton], 122. 

Kettlewell, 108 ; Sermoms, 98. 

Key, Sir John, 4. 

Kinderton, Baron de, 73. 

King on Jonah, 44, 53. 

Kingesmyle, Andrew, A nufst exeeUemt and 

comfortable treatise, lyx 
Kingston, John, i6a 
Kinsman, Rev. Arthar, 1 22. 
Kippax, Rev. Richardt 104. 
Kirk by, John, 162. 
Kirkham Church, 99; Church Librmiy, 

99, loi ; School Library, loo^ 179, 180; 

Records of Thirty Sworn Men of, 99. 
Knot, Mr., 99. 
Knowsley, 85. 
Knox's History of Church ofScoiland, 36^ 

Kcestner, Professor, 185. 
Knimmacher, Dr. F. W., I18. 
Kulmichius, L., 88. 

La Cerda on Virgil, 147. 

La Chambre, Character of the I\MSStoms^ 
1 86. 

Lambarde, 133. 

Lambert's Perambulation of Kent, 92. 

Lambin upon Horace, 147, 178. 

Lampadius, Mellifuium Historicum^ 92 ; 
De ei-entibus Xosfi lestamenti, ib. 

Lancashire, printing press in, 86. 

James, ii, 12. 

Lancaster, 77, 136, 160 ; School and Lib- 
rary, 181. 

W., 80. 

Langendorf, Johannis Petri de, 9 1. 
Langle)', I. 

Csurdinal, I. 

Langton, 18& 

William, 99. 

Lathulme, 7. 
Latimer's Sermons, 44. 
Lawes, 157. 



Lawrence on Faiths 45, 54. 

Latvyer's Lights 125. 

Lay field, Edward, 158. 

Le Blond, Jean, 87. 

Lycosthenes his Similus^ 174, J94 ; Apo- 

thtffmata, 194. 
Lee, S. L., 174. 
Lees, Rev. Edmund, 38, 67. 
Lepit, John, 43, 109. 
Leicester, Rev. James, 18. 
Leigh Church Library, 100, loi ; School 

Library, 182 et seq. 

Edward, 184; Body of Divinity^ "^6, 


E., 39. 

Rev. W., of Gorton, 62, 64. 

Rev. W., of Standish, 85, 175. 

Leith, 104. 

Leland, 130. 

Leonard, Sampson, 36. 

Leslie, 130. 

L'Estrange, Sir Roger, 119; Observatory 

I26> 133- 
Lever, James, 56, 112, 115, 116, 118, 119, 

Little, 112. 

Mr., 140. 

Robert, ill, 112. 

Samuel, 115. 

Leyboum*s Arithntftic^ 125. 
Leyden, 46. 

Leyland Church Library, loi. 
Lichfield, 161. 
Lightbowne, James, 21. 

John, 9, II, 21. 

— ^ Thomas, 67. 

Linacre, T., 7, 193. 

Lincoln, 134. 

Lipsius, 94, 155; Works ^ 176, 178; De 

Militia komana, 193 ; Admiranda, ib. 
Littleton, 133. 
lAii\eiou*s Dictionary, II 6. 
Liverpool, St. Peter's Church Library, 

102, 103 ; Catalogue of 102. 
Livy, 116, 131, 176, 177, 188, 194. 
Lloyd, D., Statesmen of England, 158. 

Nicholas, Dictionary, 147. 

Sir Richard, 13. 

Loggan, D., 109. 
Logica, 164. 
London Cases, 119. 

LorcCs Supper, Practical Directions for the, 

Lough ton, 188. 

Love's Works, 45, 59, 65 ; Mortified Christ- 
ian, 126. 

Lowthorp, 166. 

Lubin, Eilhard, A^/^v^My</^/<rwa/, 116, 178. 

Ludolph of Saxony, De Vita Christi, 4. 

Luf^, Hans, 129. 

Luther, 27, 84, 91 ; Discourses, 36, 52 ; 

on the Galations, 45 ; De Servo Arbitrio, 

Lycophron, 193. 
Ljmdewood, 5. 
Lynne, Walter, 87. 
Lyra, Nicolas de, 91, 92 ; Postilla, ib, 

Mace, Thomas, Music's Monu- 
fnent, 74. 

Mac^, Chretien, 72. 

Macropedius, De Conscribendis Epistolis, 

Maffei, Count Scipio, 165. 

Maine, La Croix du, 128. 

Major, Enarratio in Epist. ad Philippenses 
et Colossenses, 105. 

Malley, Christopher, loi. 

Malory, Sir Thomas, 135. 

Manchester, Cathedral, I, 50 ; Classis, 8, 
31, 62 ; Church Library — Sir H. Tur- 
ton's bequest, I et seq,\ Henry Bury's 
bequest, 5 et seq,\ Rev. J. Prestwich's 
bequest, 9 et seq,; H. Chctham's be- 
quest, 19 et seq. ; Capitular Library, 50 ; 
Deanes Gate, 15 ; early booksellers and 
printers in, 73, 74, 185 ; Fennel street, 
14 ; first printing press in, 34, 74 ; Free 
Library, 34, 147 ; Grammar School, 8, 
25, 182 ; Grammar School Library, 8, 
187, 188; Millgate, 14, 22; Parish 
Church of, 5, 20, 29, 48 ; Parsonage, 74 ; 
Smithfield Market, 50. 

Manilius, Marcus, The Sphere of , 158. 

Manley, 133. 

Manton on James, 45, 53 ; on Jude, 45, 

Manuscnpts at Burnley Grammar School, 

March, Eklmund, Earl of, 134. 
Mareschal, William, Earl of Pembroke, 


Market Deeping, i6a 

Marlborowe [Marburg], 129. 

Marler, John, 8, 10. 

Marlorat on Matthew, 77, 92, 103 ; Esaia 

Prophetce cum extosiiione, 128. 
Mamef, Geoffroy de, 3. 
Marprelate, Martin, 34, 35. 

press, 34, 35, 74. 

Marsden, Thomas, iii, 112. 

2o8 Ifidex. 

Marsh, Thomas, 91, 92, 93, 103. I Mort, Thomas, of Mawdesley, 177. 

Marshall, 155. i Morton, 94 ; Catholic Atpeai^ 37, 5a, 59^ 

Rev. Charles, 130. 65, 84, \%o\0n the Mass, 37 ; Grand 

W. W., 130. Imposture, 45, 65 ; Works, 5a 

Martial, 177. Mosley, Mrs. Ann, 15. 

Martin, Thomas, 15a . Edward, II. 

Martyr, Peter, 94 ; Common plar^Sy $9, 67 ; I Sir Edward, 8. 

Comment, in Epist. ad Romanos^ 128. I Francis, 1 6, 17. 

Peter, of Angleria, 94. j Mr., 9. 

Marvell's Rehearsal Transproml^ 133. Mistress, 32. 

Mason, Rev. Ilenr}', 45, 192, 193 ; ai^ainst Nicholas, il, 21. 

yesuits, 45. ' Sir Oswald, 18. 

Rev. \V., too. Moulin, steUvL Moulin. 

Massey, Alderman, 122. Moullon School, 14a 

Matthews, Rev. W. S., I So. Mountagu, Honourable Maiy, 109. 

Maunsell, Andrew. S9, 108, 109. ' Lord Chief Baron, 109. 

Mawdesicy, Rol»crt, 176. Mountjoyc, C, 73. 

May, CieoVf^e, 155. Moxon, Mordecai, 185. 

Mayer on the lUbie, 59, 65. Moyllin, Jean, de, 89. 
Maxcfield, 104. Muller, D. S., 88. 

Mazine, Johannes, 144, 161. • Mycillus, Jacobus, 172. 

Rawlinson, 144. Myers, 157. 

Me\lcalfe, Francis, 160. . M>'nshull, Thomas, 21, 23, 28, 55, 61, 66, 

Me<le's llWksy 53, 65, 166, 184. 67. 

Mela, PomjHDnius, Cosmoj^raphy, 92. 

Melanchihon, 87, 88, 131, 132 :' Lort Com- \ XT APIER on Rezt/a/ioms, 46, 66. 

munes, 128; Salomonis Sententtte, 183. - i>l Nelson's Fasts and Festivals, 106. 
Men>'man, W., 2. , Net^bar, Conrad, 127. 

Merlin, Jacques, 2, 72. Neuville, De, 159. 

Middleton School, 14a Neville, Ralph, Earl of Westmordmnd, 

Miller, John, 170. 135. 

Mills I)anicl, 151. New England, 42, 45. 

Milton, John, /-^iconoelasteSy 133. A'ew Testament, 4, 127, 130^ 1 50. 

Minsheu's rh'etionan^ 15a Newcome, Henry, 21, 23, 25, 26^ 27, 28^ 

Modern pleas for tcfcration^ 1 58. 29, 31, 32, 48,62, 104, I07. 

Montagu, Richard, 37, 112 \ Acts of the 'SuviiiM^TiS Concordance, yj. 

Church, 33, 37. ■ Newton, 88. 

Monthly Re:iezc\ 169. .■ Thomas, History of the Saraeens, 9a. 

Moolyn or .Moeilyn, Joan, 89. , Nicephorus, Enchiridion Methodicom, 185. 

Moore, Andrew, History of the Turks, 159. ' NichoH's Commentary on the Frayer Book, 

Sir Jonas, 154. ; 100. 

Morall, Dr.,, 115. , Nicholson, Christopher, 151. 
More, Dr., Henr>-, Works, WT, Philosoph- Henry, 149, 157. 

ical Writings, ib.. Enchiridion Ethicum, •, Nicolinus, Dom, 71. 

II S. Nizolii Diction., 194. 

Morell, F.. 72, 89. ; Norfolk, John, Ehike of, 135. 

Mornay, Philip de, 36, 37, 45. 59, 149 ; . Nonce, 94. 

Work:, 36 ; Truencss of Chiistian Re- Norris, Alexander, 22, 25, 55, 61. 

lij^ion, 45, 54. \^<) X Mystery of Iniquity, \ North, Thomas, 1 56. 

52, 59 ; On the Mijs, 59. ' Nostroilamus, Fro^nosticatioHS of, 173. 

MorniMfT Exercise, 45, 54, 100. ■ Novarini, Louis, Adagia ex SamHorum 

Mort, Ailam, 70. Sci-iptorum, 155, 156, 

family, 70. i Nowel, 27 ; Catechisme, 174. 

Thomas, (Senior), 70. 

Thomas, (Junior.) 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, ' /^DCROFT, Johannes, 187. 

74- ' \J Ogilby, John, 146, 148^ 151. 



Okey. John, 22, 25, 55. 

Oldcastle, John, 134. 

Oldfield, Humphrey, 40, 107, 108. 

Oporin. Off., 72. 

Origen, 2, 72, 92, 188. 

Onnerod, John, 125. 

Osorius, Bishop of Algarve, De Regis In- 

stitutioney 174. 
Oswen, John, 130. 
Oadaan, Joachim, 152. 
Overbury s Charcuters^ 92. 
Ovid, 112; Works y 131, 172; Epistles ^ 

116; Metamorphosis Englishedf 160, 1 61. 
Owen, L., Speculum Jesuiticum, 153. 
Owen's Epigrams^ 92. 

PR., 156. 
•9 Pacius, J., 172. 
Pagnini, Sanctes, Thesaurus lingua Saneta^ 

150, 184, 188. 
Paley, Rev. F. H., 82. 
Palmer, Herbert, 42. 
Papal Usurpation and Persecution^ 119. 
Pareus, 94. 
Parker, Archbishop, 34, 50. 

Society, 41, 108, 129, 155. 

Parr, 184 ; <?» Romans^ 38, 52. 
Partington, Mrs., 23. 

Parvus, 72. 

Pasoris, Lexicon Novi Testamenti, 15a 

Paston, John, 135. 

— ^ William, 134. 

Patrick, 108. 

Paul v., 72. 

Pavinis, Jo. Fr. a. Tracts of, 183. 

Pearson, Bishop of Chester, 75, 108, 158; 

on the Creed, 151. 
Peirson on Select Psalms, 46. 
Pellican, Conrad, 103. 
Pellisson, Johannes, Contextus Gramatices, 

Pemberton, James, 175, 176. 

Sir James, 171. 

Pemble, 94 ; PVorks, 66. 
Pembroke, Earl of, 76. 
Pendleton Chapel, 12. 
Cicely, II. 

Francis, 11. 

Henry, 11, 12. 

- Thomas, 4. 

Thomas, (Chetham librarian), 17. 

PenhuU, Foresta, in Rossendale, 136. 
Penry, J., 35. 

Penwortham, 136. 

Percy, Henry, Earl of Northumberland » 


Perkins, W., 39, 75 ; Works, 20, 29, 33, 
37» 39, S9» 63, 66, 120, 130, 156, 184; 
Golden chain, 174. 

Pema, 127. 

Perottus, Nicolas, Cornucopia, 172, 178. 

Perowne, Dr., 108. 

Perrin, Rev. F. E., 105. 

Perrott, Sir John, Lift of, 16$. 

Persius, 147, 154. 178. 

Petavius, Dionysius, 72 ; History of the 
World, 156. 

Peucer, 87, 88. 

Pezel or Pezelius, Christopher, 92. 

Photius, Epistles of, 112. 

PiccolomiiU, Libri de Scientia Natura, 141 . 

Piccope, J. G., I, 2, 5, 6, 15. 

Pierce's Law and Equity of the Gospel, 136. 

Piercey, 42. 

Pierius, 178. 

Pilkington, Bishop, 106, 189. 

Rev. James, 156. 

Leonard, 189. 

Pilling, Ralph, 182, 183, 186. 
Pimlot, John, 12a 
Piscaton, J., 82. 

Pitt, Moses, 154. 

Plant, John, 107. 

Plantin, 128, 185. 

Platonis Opera, 92: 

Pliny, 132, 195 ; Historia Naturalis, I16, 

188; in English, 151; Epistolct, 188; 

Panegyricum, 116. 
Plumtre, John, 193. 
Plutarch's Lives, 131, 156, 178. 
Pocklington, Rev. J. N.> 108. 
Polano, see Sarpi. 
Polanus, Amandus, PartUiona Theologica, 


Pole, Francis, 73- 

Polydore Verpl, Optra, 92. 

Ponsonbie, W., 93. 

Poole's Synopsis Criticorum, 75, 1 64. 

Pope, 161. 

Popery, History of, loa 

Poulton-le-Fylde ; Bray Library, 117, 119. 

Power, Thomas, 73. 

Prateius, Pardulphus, Jurisprudentia Me- 
dia, 177. 

Pratis, Nichoks de, 131, 183. 

Prayer Book, Common, 130, 1 62, 163 ; 
for Coronation, 99 ; Latin, 1 30. 

Pre, Galiot du, 183. 

Precordiale Devotorum, 3. 

Prcscott, Richard, 175. 

Preston, 136. 

Catherine, 77. 




Preston, John, 40, 46 ; IVorks, 20, 29, 33, 

37. 46, 63, 106. 
Thomas, of Ilolkcr (senior), 77, 78, 

79, 80, 160. 

Thomas, of Holker (junior), 77, jS, 

79, 80, 81, i6a 

- Sir Thomas, 77. 
Prestwich, Arabella, 12, 13. 

- Edmund, 9, 14, 15. 

Edward, of London, 15. 

Edward, of Manchester, 14. 

Elias 14. 

Ellen, 15. 

Isabel or Isabella, 1$. 

John, I J. 

— - Rev. John, 9 rf se^, ; his gift of books 
to Manchester Church, lA, 29, 48, 50. 

Sir John, 1 1, 13, 14; Respublica^ 9, 

13. 14. 

Margaret, 13. 

— ^ Dame Mary, 13, 14. 

Penelope, 12. 

- Procclla, 13. 

- Thomas, 15. 

Thomas, of Holme, ii, 14, 15. 

Sir Thomas, 9, 13, 14. 

Prideaux, 94, 13a 
Probus, 172. 

Pryke, Rev. W. E., l8i. 

Psal/nSf Book of ^ 116, 127, 150; Collection 

oL 118. 
Pulton, 133 ; Statutes, 52, 53, 126. 
Purchases Pilgrimage^ 148. 
Purslowe, 93. 
Pynson, Richard, 3. 

QUARITCII, 88, 89, 129, 132, 147, 
152, iss, 160, 165, 166. 
Quintilian, 132, 176. 

RJ., 109. 
•9 Rabelais, 128. 
Radcliffe, 133. 

Alexander, ii. 

Mr., 9, 21. 

Ralph, 171. 

Richard (of Heskin), 171, 172, 178. 

Richard (of Manchester), 11. 

Radley, Richard, 187, 188. 
Raines, Canon, 126. 

Rainolds, 94 ; against Hart, 46. 
Ralegh, Walter, of Devon, 135. 
Raleigh's History , 54, 55, 66, 176, 178. 
Ramsay, John, SertnoMs, 159. 
Ramus, Peter, 81, 93, 172 ; Logi£, 173. 

Randall, John, 46, Lecimra, «^ 53 ; TWo- 
tise concerning the SacramnUs^ 40^ 53. 
Rastall's Statmta^ 133. 
Rawley, 149. 
Rawlinson Arms, 165. 

Curwen, 148. 

Daniel (Senior), 143, ei seq, 

Daniel (lunior), 144. 

Elizabeth, 144. 

John, 159, 

Margaret, 144. 

— »— Mana, 144. 

Mary, 156. 

Richard, 14C, 165, 166; English 

Topographer^ 105 ; Method of itaidyimg 
History f ib. 

Robert (of Carke), 148. 

^^ Robert (of Grisedale), i$8. 

Robert (Jnnior of Grisedale), 158. 

Thomas (son of Sir Thonus), 148. 

—^ Thomas (of Grisedale), 144, 146. 

Sir Thomas, 144, 14S, 165. 

William, 152. 

Ray's Ftora^ 133. 

Raynier, William, 814. 

Reading, W., 174. 

Reading's Guide, 46. 

Record^ Arithmetic, 185. 

Reeve, Thomas, Gotti Plea for Nmetfek^ 

Regnault, F., 3. [155. 

Rembolt, Gabr., 109. 

Renouard, I <2. 

RevdcUion of Antichrist, \yx 

Reynolds, Edward, Worh, 54, 151 ; Mi 

Psalm, CX, 66; on the Lord's &^iper^ 

Reynolds, Rev. G. W., IOC 
Ribchester, 136, 171 ; Cnnrch Libimiy, 

104, 105. 
Riccius De ImikUione, 175. 
Rich, Bamaby, 91. 
Richard IIL, 135. 
Richardson on Old Testameni, 66. 
Rider's Dictionaty, 149, 194. 
Rigby, Chr., 17a 

J., 17a. 

Rigge, George^ 160. 
Ringelbergius, 83. 
Ringrose, family of, 13. 
Riverius' Medica Piraxis, 126, 133. 
Rivington Church Libraiy, io6^ 191 ; 

School and School Library, 106^ 140^ 

189 ^/ seq, 
Rivius, 131, 132. 
Roberts, Francis, on the Covenants^ 38 ; 

Key of the Bible, 66. 



Roberts, Lewis, Map of Commerce^ 148. 
Rochater Cathedrai^ nistory ^166. 
Robinson, James, 95. 
Robinson*s Christ All in Ally 46, 54. 
Ro^rs. Daniel, on NaamaHy 38, 52 ; Prac- 

ttcal Catechism, 46, 53; ontheSacramtntSy 

ib. ; Matrimonial Honour , 46. 
Rogers, Richard, Seven Treatises, 38, 66, 

^, 118 ; on Judges, 38, 52. 
Thomas, on 39 Articles, 46, 53, 108, 

Roigny, 131. 
Rokesbttigh, 135. 
RoUock on Thessalonians and Colossians, 

Roficowe, Robert, 112. 

Rose [Ross], Thomas, 161. 

Ross, Alexander, 66. 

Rosworm, 7. 

Rouse's Greek Antiquities, 146. 

Roville, 173, 177. 

Rowley, 3. 

Ruland, Martin, Synonima Graca, 157, 

Rutherford's Survey of Spiritual Antichrist^ 
46 ; Christ dying and drawing sinners, 
id. ; against liberty, ib, ; on the Covenant 
of Grace, ib, ; Works, 60 ; Divine Right 
of Church Government, 97. 

Rybelchester, 136. 

SADLER, H., 39. 
John, 145, m* n^f 159. 

S. Ambrosii Opera, 71, 127. 

S. Athanasii Opera, 71, 82. 

S. Augustini Opera, 20, 71, 83, 103, 127 ; 
Of the City of God, 33, 52, 73 ; Con- 
fessions, 64 ; Epistles, 76. 

S. Basilii Magni Opera, 71. 

S. Bemardi Flores, I ; Opera, 8^ 

S. Chrysostom, 43 ; Opera, 71, 89. 

S. Clementb Alexandrini Opera, 71. 

S. dementis Romani Opera, 71. 

S. Cypriani Opera, 71, 09. 

S. Cyrilli Alex. Opera, 71, 89. 

S. Cyrilli Hieros. Opera, 89. 

S. Ephrem Cyrus, 43. 

S. Epiphanii Opera, 72, 9a 

S. Grcgorii Naz. Opera, 72, 9a 

S. Gregorii Nyssem Opera, 81, 9a 

S. Gregorii Primi Opera, 90. 

S. Hieronymi Opera, 72, 127. 

S. Hilarii Opera, 9a 

S. Irenxi Opera, 91. 

S. Isidori Hispalcnsis Opera, 91. 

S. Leo the Great, 71. 

S. Victor, Hugonis de, Opera, 73. 
S. Victor, Library of, 128. 
Sale, £., 171, 178. 

Rev. W. G., 171. 

Salerno, Micolas of, 82. 

Salford, Chapel, 12 ; Fleet Prison of, 4 ; 

Reference Library, -20, 40, 107, 108; 

Sacred Trinity Church Library, 20, 40, 

46, 107 et seq, 
Salmon, 133. 
Saltmarsh, 94. 
Saltonstall, Wye, 3$. 
Samson, Rev. R. M., 145. 
Sancroft, Archbishop, 145, 155. 
Sanderson, 75, 94, 108, 130; Sermons, 

33. 38» 53, 159. 
Sands, John, 147. 

Sandys, Edwin, 145, 164. 

Edwin, Archbishop, 143, 145, 152, 

157, 166; Sermons, 143, 154, 155. 

Sir Edwin, Europce Speculum, 152, 

153, 154. 

George, Travels, 157, 176, 178; 

Ovid^s Metamorphosis, lio, 161. 

Henry, IJ5. 

John, 148. 

Miles, 157. 

Sir Miles, Prima pars parvi Opus^ 

culi, 154, 155- 

Mr., 138. 

Rev. Thomas, 145, 162 et seq, 

Ma^or T. Myles, 143. 

Santa, Pietra, 183. 
Satterthwaite Chapel, 144. 
Say, James, Lord de, 135. 

Scapula's ZifxrV-<>if, 115, 146, 178, 193, 194. 
Scaliger, J. J., 37. 

J. C, 94 ; Poetica, 162. 

Schickhard's Horologium Ebrceum, 185. 
Sclater on Thessalonians, 47, 54* 59 ; ^w 

Romans, 47, 54. 
Scotus, Hieronymus, 131. 
Scriptores Historiet Romanm, 1 7 7. 
Scrivelius' Lexicon, 146. 
Scrope, Henry, Lord of Masham, 134. 
Seaton his Lodgike, 174. 
Sedbergh, 170. 
Sedgwick, John, 47. 

Obadiah, 47. 

William, 47. 

Sedgwick's IVorks, 47 ; on the New Tes- 
tament, 55. 

Seidelius, Manuale Grotcct Linguot, 119. 

Selden, 37. 

Seneca, 132, 148, 176, 194; Tragedies 



Servius, 172, 178. 

Seysell, Claude, Im Grand Monarchic dt 
France, Latin translation of, 93. 

Shakspcrc, 134. 

Sharp, John, U.D., 159. 

Shcarcs, William, 155. 

Shclmcrdine, Thomas, 62, 64, 67. 

Shenstone, 35. 

Shephcard, 23 ; on the Sabbath, 47. 

Sheppard, 133. 

Sherburne, Sir Edward, Sphere of Mani- 
tins J 158. 

Sherbumcs of Stonyhurst, 158. 

Sherlock, 75, 94, 130, 166 

Shirley, Dr., Exposition of Church Cate- 
chism, 156. 

Shore. T. W., 123. 

Sibbs on 2nd Corinthians, 38 ; Works, 47 ; 
Sermons, 54 ; Treatise, ib, 

Sichard, John, 71. 

Sidney, Sir Philip, 45. 

Sicnerre fratrcs, 3. 

Silius Italicus, 105, 161. 

Simister, George, 64. 

Sims, Val., 152. 

Sinclair, Mr., 193. 

Sion College Library, 34 ; Librarian of, 
148; Catalogue of , 174. 

Sixtus v., 92. 

Skinner's lexicon, 149. 

Slaidbum, 121, 122. 

Slcidan, 93, 94, 

Small wood, F., 183. 

Smetius, 176; Prosodia, 162. 

Smith, Rev. C. D., 98. 

George, 99. 

- Henry, Scrmofts, 47. 

John, on the Creed, 38. 

John, Christian Religion^s Appeal, 


Peter, D.D., 100. 

Snowden, T., 109. 

Soardis, Lazarus de, 2. 

Socinus, Faustus, Opera^ 103. 

Socrates, 35, 173. 

Solinus, Julius, Cosmography, 93. 

Somaschius, 73. 

Sonnius, 71, 82, 89, 91. 

Sotheran, 166. 

Sorbonne, 72, 84, 184. 

South, 130, 166. 

Southwell, Edward, 118. 

Spain, 135. 

Sparke, Michael, 153. 

Sparling, Rev. J., 171, 178. 

Speculum Astrolo^ice, 173. 

Speed's Chronicle, 32, 38^ 52. 

Speidel, 185. 

Spclman's Glossarium Arckaiclaigiciim^ 

Spencer's Fairy Queen, 81, 93. 

Spencer, John, Things New and Old^ 148. 

Spondanus, 176, 178. 

Squire, Rev. G., 106, 191. 

Stalham, John, Remler Rebukal^ 159. 

Standish Church, 176. 

Ri:, 176. 

Stansfield, Suffolk, I2I. 

Stanyan, Lawrence, 151. 

Slapylton's yiwenal, 119. 

Staricey, Mr., 1 7 1. 

Statutes, Collection of 8» 142 ; at Large., 

109 ; of Henry VIII,, 133 ; of Mary^ 

ib,; ofElixabeth, id. 
Steel, 184. 
Stephanus, 94, 128 ; DicHtmary^ 147 ; 

Thesaurus, 149. 
Stevens, H., 13a 
Stillingfieet, 75, 108, 130^ 166. 
Stock, Richard, on Malachi, 38, 53 ; 011 

the Attributes, 47. 
Stocker, Thomas, 89. 
Stockport, 90. 
Stopford, Caleb, 62. 
Stoucrhton's Works, 47, 6a 
Stow s Surrey, 93, 132. 
Strange, Lord, 6, 7. 
Strangways, Thomas, 64. 
Stratford, Dr. Nicholas, 16^ 17, 108; 

Dissuasive from Revenge, iciS. 
Strebscus, 131. 
Strickland, G., 78, 79. 
Sturm, In PartUiones Ciceronis, 142. 
Suarez, 84. 
Suetonius, 132. 

Suffolk, William, Duke of, 135. 
Summary of Scripture, 13a 
Sunderland Library, 93, 152. 
Supplication of Beggars, 13a 
Susenbrotus, Joannes, Figures, 174. 
Sussex, Earls of, 76. 
Sutcliffe, Rev. T., 106. 
Sutton on the Romans, 47. 
Sweet, J., 42. 

Sweynheym and Pannarts, 92. 
Sydenham, 184. 
Syntagma Corpus Doctrinee^ 8. 

TACITUS with Lipsius' CommentB 

Tasso's Jerusalem, 170. 
Tatlocke, James, 172.