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The Secret Life 
of Mullah Omar 


BETTE DAM 







About tie Author 


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1 Lichen, L 2019. January 29). CIA Chief warns Afghan deal would require monitoring terrorists. Bloomberg. Retrieved from https://wvvw.bloombcrg. 
com/ncws/articlcs/2019-0l-29/cia-chicf-warns-afghan-deal-would-rcquire-monitoring-lcrrorisls; Haqqani. II. '2019, February 7;. Don't trust the 
Taliban promises. Foreign Policy. Retrieved from https://foreignpolicy.eom/2019/02/07/dont-trust.tlie-talibans-promises-afghanistan-truinp/; Hirsh, 
M. 2019. January 29). Ryan Crocker: The Taliban will ‘retake the country'. Foreign Mur. Retrieved from https://foitignpolicy.com/2019/0l/28/ 
ryan-crockcr-the-taliban-will-rctake-thc-country-afghanistan-deal/ 

2 Crawford, N. C. 2018, November 14). Costs of War. W'alm Institute. Ilmen University. Retrieved from hlips://wats(m.bn>wii.cdu/costsof\var/(iles/ 
cow/imce/papers/2018/Crawford_Costs%20of%20War%20Estimates%20Through%20FY2019%20.pdf 

3 Mullah Omar is not on the Rewards for Justice website any more. Here is an online archive with the old text: “Wanted. Mullah Omar. Up to S10 Million 
Reward." Retrieved from https://web.archivc.org/web/20061005050343/http://www.rcwardsforjustice.net/cnglish/index.cfm?pagc=MullahOmar 

1 War Diaries 2006, August 16 . Threat Report 1ED Threat IPD Meymana. WikiLeaks. Retrieved from https://wardiaries.wikileaks.org/ 
id /7708CDAE-2219-0B3F-9FFA8E46CFBBEC8B/ 

5 Ibid. 

6 Ibid. 

7 BBC News (2015, July 29. Mullah Omar: Taliban ‘died in Pakistan in 2013’. Retrieved from https://www.hbe.rom/ncws/world-asia-33703097 


4 I The Secret Life of Mullah Omar 

Courtesy www.pdfbooksfree.pk 





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Thr Iludsnn I nion (2016,June 24). Director of the CIA Director General lVtraeuson the death of Terrorist Mullah Omar. Retrieved front https:// 
www.youtubc.comAvatch?v=176Qolyyx4k 


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9 In total three participants of this meeting were interviewed, including Mullah Salam Rockety, Rais-e-Bagran, and Amir Mohammed Agha. 

10 See also Dam, B. (2014), .1 Man and A Motorcycle, How Hamid hat'ai Came h Power. Utrecht: Ipso Facto, 


6 1 The Secret Life of Mullah Omar 

Courtesy www.pdfbooksfree.pk 


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11 See also Copal A. 2014 ..Mi (fowCMfli doing tfa bring:Amma, At laMaadAt Her Tkmj>hAj<di«n Em.S an York: Metropolitan Books. 

12 See A \lm and a Akin ride. Wall & Bonner 2001. December 7 Taliban promise lo surrender Kandahar, / ht Imnhaa. Retrieved from hltps://vi'wvv. 
ll«'i'iurdiati,comAuiikl/2001/drc/07/jlirhariist.m.piliJnlK>r?rr: knuwlton, B. 2001. December 7. Rumsfeld Rejects to allow Mullah Omar 'tu 
live in dignity': Taliban lighters agree to surrender Kandahar. TktSew M 'Ima. Retrieved from hups//vv\uv.nyumes.com/2001/12/07/ncvvs/ 
rmnsfdd-rejects-planto-allmv.mullali-onur-to-live-in-dignity-taJiban.litml 

13 Ibid. See also Coll, S. 2108). Dinthmte S, Ifu CJJL anJAmetua'i Head Him m AJjjhaniitm tad Ptiukn. Penguin Boob: ColganJ. 2U0l. Decemlier 

7v Fall of Kandahar appears imminent. dJC heal Retrieved from littp://wvv"w.abc.net.au/am/siories/s434693.html 


Bette Dam 1 7 


Courtesy www.pdfbooksfree.pk 



□ row of rooms lined one wall, with a 

larger L-shaped room occupying the 
corner, where Mullah Omar stayed. 
There was no apparent door to the 
room—instead, the entrance was a 
secret door, what appeared to be a 






Diagram of Mullah Omar's hideout in Qalat. 






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I I Despite this, one wing of Hizb-i-Islami would join the Afghan insurgency, leading the U.S. to enoitcousK conclude that Heknutyar ami Mullah 
Omar weir in cooperation. 

15 Examples of such cases include ex-Forrign Minister Mullah Ahdul Salam Zaecf and ex-Governor of Herat Rhairullah Khairkhwa. 


8 <f The Secret Life of MiMlah Omar 

Courtesy www.pdfbooksfree.pk 




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18 A pirlurr nf this minion was taken on October 31.2009 and can be found here: https://tinyurf.rom/yytfiHi8x 

19 Fox News ‘2001, December 81 . Onutr thought to remain in Kandahar as Taliban lire. Retrieved from https://Havwia:w>s.rom/stor\/omar- 
tlHwght-to-rrmain-ut-bndahar-as-talilian-flre-eity 

20 Shah, S, 2011, July 11. CIA organised tike vaccination drive to get Osama bin Laden’s family DNA. Tkt Guardian. Retrieved from httpc/Anrw. 
tbeguanlian.com/svorld /2011 /jul /11 /aii-lakr-vaccinations-osama-lun-LidciLs-dmi 


10 ft The Secret Life of Mullah Omar 

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21 How ever, when asked w in N.D.S. had publicly accused Pakistan of shelterin'.; Mullah Omar when, in fact, diet had no strong evidence he was there, 
the official declined to answer. 


Courtesy www.pdfbooksfree.pk 


Bette Dam * 11 


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21 However, when asked why X.D.S. had publicly accused Pakkan of sheltering Mullah Omar when, in fact, they had no strong evidence be was there, 
the official declined to answer. 


Courtesy www.pdfbooksfree.pk 


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22 Srr alv» Yusufrai. K 2003, June 21. < >mar Namr* (.’imnnl to Kim»i (Jcrupuitiott Tkt Wjii. 

23 iMrnim hmIi Mi»i.»«»iii Ai{Im J.m; «i*r «il«<» Mutm.i*nt, A 2017 ! \futii iA IM^uimki/ (Awm/, J^ithun art*/.\Jj*hnni%itin Af^li.m hiNitlw i Xlmtiuirrit 
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21 Mulnuirrn, \ !5H7<. .Wb/ZaA Omtr. 7W/Aii#r tmd A]fk*innl<m. Atifh.tn Publisher 


12 ■ The Secret Life of Mullah Omar 

Courtesy www pdfbooksfree pk 


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25 Ashe. C. 2013. JuK . 3rd CAB weathers hailstorm. Tht Film Fhn, Retrieved from hitps://staticxl\idshub.nel/miediaypuWpdf_12^80.pdl 
26Jabbar Oman refused to identify the helpers, though it was likely the brothers living in the house. 


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27 Scr also Mntmaccn. A, 2017. Mvlkh \fvhaimed Om, Tilihn aad.\fchmstaa. Afghan Publisher, p. 348. 


16 1 The Secret Life of Mullah Omar 

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The Taliban and Sufism 

The Taliban's draconian interpretation of Islam is often 
contrasted to the more “tolerant” traditions of Sufism. In 
fact, the original Taliban leaders, including Mullah Omar, 
were practicing Sufis, drawing their theology from the tra¬ 
ditional practices of the southern Afghan countryside. This 
means that theologically, they were sharply at odds with 
al-Qaeda, who emerged from the Salafi-Wahhabi tradition 
of Saudi Arabia. Sufism rejects both the literalist inter¬ 
pretations put forth by Wahhabis hence Mullah Omar's 
criticism of the doctrine of anthropomorphizing God as 
well as schools of Islamic thought that rely on reason to in- 
terpret the divine, Instead, southern Afghan Sufi leaders 
maintained that the individual could apprehend the divine 
through emotion and direct mystical) experience. Those 
who had achieved such an experience were often thought to 
he in communion with God, and locals saw them as saints 
to be revered and even prayed to. 


As a child. Mullah Omar had studied at the feet of Hajji 
Baba, a Sufi pit or spiritual guide. Later, he headed a small 
group of talibs religious students) belonging to the Xaqsh- 
handi Sufi order. 2 During the Taliban regime, he would 
visit the grave of his old Sufi teacher almost weekly. I le took 
very seriously the content of his dreams, which some Sufis 
believe contain divine messages. The Taliban regime al¬ 
lowed and even encouraged the visiting of shrines, much 
to the chagrin of al-Qaeda. To the Salafi-Wahhabis, many 
of the Taliban's practices were un-Islamic and heretical: 
in the late 1990s. al-Qaeda ideologues Yusuf al-Ayiri and 
Abu Musab al-Suri even wrote a tract to address the is¬ 
sue. titled “Arc the Taliban from Ahl al-Sunmi?" [Are the 
Taliban Sunnis?]. Though they concluded that they were, 
by drawing selectively from certain anti-Sufi quotes from 
Pakistani-educated scholars, the fact that they were forced 
to do so indicates just how controversial the issue was in the 
Salafi-jihadi movement. 



For example, Mawlawi Abdul Ali Dcobandi, a leading re¬ 
ligious scholar in the Taliban regime and reportedly the 
figure Mullah Omar most trusted lor religious rulings, once 
answered a reader’s question in a 1990s-cra Taliban publi¬ 
cation with the following 1 : 

[Question] llow about people who say that 
holy persons are present and watching us. Do 
holy personages hear us and are aware of ev¬ 
erything we do? 

[Answer] O’ Baba Sahib or Pass Mikh or Pad¬ 
shah Agha [ Important Kandahari Sufi Saints]. 

When one uses these kinds of expressions it is 
because they are of the belief that holy person¬ 
ages are present and will help him. They arc 
dead and can't be present. But you can pray to 
them and ask them to help you svith blessing of 
the prophets and solve your problems. 


Of course, as the experience of the Taliban in posver shosvs, 
Sufis can be just as intolerant or draconian as any other 
theological or ideological grouping. For example. Abdul¬ 
lah Zakiri. one of southern Afghanistan’s leading Suli firs 
during the latter half of the twenty century, was reportedly 
behind riots in 1959 that burned down Kandahar's only 
movie theater in response to a decree that officials' wives 
should be unveiled. 1 And the Taliban's version of Sufism 
was remarkably austere, a reflection of the conditions from 
which it emerged. (Their decrees banning music, for exam¬ 
ple, stemmed from a longstanding tradition in the southern 
countryside that viewed music as sinful. But the theolog¬ 
ical differences between the Taliban old-guard leadership 
and al-Qaeda suggest that, ultimately, their alliance was 
a marriage of convenience and not one based on a deep 
ideological affinity. 


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See also Mutm.imi, A. 2017. Mullah Muhammad Omar, Taliban and Afghanistan. Afghan Publisher, p. 348. 


161 The Secret Life of Mullah Omar 

Courtesy www.pdfbooksfree.pk