Skip to main content

Full text of "The Phonogram : a monthly magazine devoted to the science of sound and recording of speech"

See other formats


Single Copies, xo Cents. 

Vol. II. 






CopvhicirrEo, 1891, by V, H. McRae. 




The very highest class^ of 
Talent and Skill are com- 
bined in producing 
records of 









New Selections and 
varieties will be added 
constantly. Send for our 

APRIL 1st, 1802. 



Hoitli flmfinGaii Plonoijrasli Go. | 

List of 

Musical Records 



note.— T hese records we furnish on^ 
to or through our authorized Agents. 




VoL. 2 . OCTOBER, 1892. No. lo 


Campaign Oratory Made Easy 212 

Decision of a Great Suit in Favor of Mr. Thomas 

A.. Edison 224 

Dictators and Dictation 228 

Emile Keynier, the Eminent French Scientist 222 

Personals 231 I 

Phono Chat 230 

Phonographs for the Blind [ 215 I 


Reading Notices 232 

The Imaginary and the Real Phonograph 20.5 

The Kinetograph 217 

The Perfected Phonograph 209 

The Phonograph Exhibit at the American In- 
stitute Fair 220 

The Typewriter 226 

The Use of the Phonograph 207 

Utility of the Phonograph .. 212 



Phonographs and Graphophones Rented for Business Purposes, for 
Family Use, and for Exhibitions. 

Please Note the Fact that 








and other professional and business men find these instruments indispensable, and enable 
them to get out their correspondence and other matter in one half of the time formerly 

In the family circle and for public entertainment these machines are an endless 
source of pleasure. Music of all kinds is faithfully reproduced, and the voices of friends, 
professional singers and instrumental music of all kinds can be stored up and repeated 
on these instruments as often as desired. 

Call and hear these instruments, or send for circulars, pamphlets, and terms. 


1’°'’ Analogical Syllabic Shorthand,” 
° i BatysTo^ey, author of “Practical Typewrit- 
Specimen copy free. THE 
ItrfeSlire^phla. - South Sixth 

G OUnDTU Aun >) » pamphlet of information, by 

OnUn I nMIlU the editorof Browne's Phonograph- 
ic Weekly that tells how to learn the art in the shortest 
Uml Sent free bv addressing D. L. SCOTT-BRQWNE, 
251 West Fourteenth Street, New Yor^, 


Bradbury-Stone Storage Battery Company, 


The Ideal Storage Battery for Eleotric Lighting and Power, 

Phonographs, Sewing Machines, Coffee Mills, Fan Motors, 

Surgeons’ and Physicians’ Uses, Etc. 

OftToinot Foi’m- 

In polished hardwood cases, fitted with handles and brass bind nj? posts, fully chnreed and hermetically sealed. 

Ha.r“ca. H.'u.'fc>loer Oolls. 

Set up in the Best Quality Hard Rubber Jars, sealed and fully charged. 

Any size and capacity. 

The lightest and most ef- 
ficient battery ever placed 
on the market. 

Its durability remains un- 

In use by nearly all the 
leading Phonograph Com- 
panies in the country. 

Correspond with them and 
get their opinions. 

Send for circular. 

« The eastern « 

Electric Liglit and Storage Battery Company, 



Nhw “Special Sokley” Storage Battery 

With all the Latest Improvements, 
in Polished Cabinet Cases. 


X2<7 XTSE B-Z" 





HOLLAND BROS., OTTAWA, General Agents for Canada. 

No. 4 Cell will run a Phonograph from 120 to 1.50 Honrs on a Single Charge. Price §14.00 
“ 3 “ “ “ “ 100 to 120 “ “ “ “ 813.00 

“ 2 “ “ “ “ 75 to 80 “ “ “ “ §11.00 

Based on a discharge of Three Amperes, a Phonograph 
in good order takes Two and One-Half Amperes. 

We guarantee our Phonograph Cell to have a greater capacity per pound of element, 
to have a greater capacity in proportion to its bulk, and to outlast any other storage 
battery in the market. Hundreds of our batteries are in use all over the country. 

Dynamos for chargir.g one or two cells in series of 15 amperes rate : price $35.00, 
size 8^ X 7-^ X 9 inches high, weight 40 lbs. 

Gilmore’s Band. 


Vocal Solos by 




Isslen’s Orchestra, Gilmore’s Band, Holding’s Band, 
Vosse’s Band and Bayne’s 69th Regiment Band. 



Notice: — We do not sell di cct to individuals 
outside of our own territory. All orders for rec- 
ords made by us must be given thro gh the vari- 
ous sub Companies. All records guaranteed. 



The “Brudder Rasmus Sermons” 

As delivered by LOUIS VASNIER, 

For the Louisiana Phonograph Company* 


The following sermons are kept in stock and can usually be supplied at short notice. 




These sermons, while very humorous, are characteristic Negro 
delineations and are faithful reproductions of a dusky style of pulpit 
oratory that is rapidly passing away. The sermons are very popular 
amongst both whites and blacks and have proved to be among the 
most profitable of exhibition records. 

All records are clear and distinct. Any imperfect records may 
be exchanged. 


128 Gravier Street, New Orleaus, La. 


Scientists and Experts 
^‘Deafness can be Cured by the 


Phonograph " 

Secure a set of prepared cvlinders and you will not long he in doubt as 
to their efficiency Made with the 'finest of steel tools in a machine espe- 
cially constructed for the purpose. Every cylinder cut with absolute ac- 
curacy, consequently the best results are obtained. 

Inventor of the only process for 
making brass or other metal records 
using the Phonograph as it is not 
constructed and without change in 
any way. 


900 K St., N. IN., Washington, D, C. 

Manufacturer of the finest phono- 
graph bells for warning the dictator 
of the approach to the end of the 
cylinder. They are literally “out 
of sight." 







Indigestion* Btliousneeis Headache* ConstI* 
pation* I>7Bpepsla, Chronic LlTer Troubles* 
Dizziness* Bad Complexion* Dysentery* 
Offensive Breath* and all disorders of the 
Stomach* Liver and Bowels. 

Ripans Tabnles contain nothing injnrions to 
the most delicate constitution. Pleasant to take* 
safe, effectual. Give immediate relief. 

Sold by druggists. A trial bottle sent by mail 
on receipt of 15 cents. Address 




Cataracts, scars or films can be absorbed and 
paralyzed nerves restored, without the knife 
or risk. Diseased eyes or lids can be cured by 
our home treatment. “We prove It.” Hnn> 
dreds convinced. Our illustrated pamphlet, 
‘ Home Treatment for Eyes ” free. Don’t miss it. 
Everybody wants It. “ The Bye,” Qlens Falls, N.Y. 


Owing to the many inquiries received by us daily as to where 
Phonographs can be purchased, we beg to present below a list of our 
authorized agents, each exclusive for the district named, who offer 

Phonographs ^ Supplies for Sale. 

Ag>mVs Name and Address. 


657 Washington St., Boston, Mass. 


414 Broadway, Milwaukee, Wis. 


323 Pine St., San Francisco, Cal. 


220 Walnut St., Cincinnati, 0. 


627 E St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 


Grandon Block, Helena, Mont. 


256 Fifth St., Louisville, Ky. 


P. 0. Box 16, Nashville, Tenn. 


27 Equitable Building, New Orleans, La. 

27 Equitable Building, New Orleans, La. 




146 Fifth Ave., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Telephone Bldg., St. Louis, Mo. 

2209 Post-Office Street, Galveston, Tex. 

Omaha, Nebraska. 


Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 


f XT 

New England States. 

' Wisconsin. 

) California, Arizona, < 
) Nevada. 


Maryland, Delaware, 
AND Dist. Columbia. 

- Montana. 


r Tennessee. 

J- Louisiana. 

j- Mississippi. 


I West Va. and West- 
f ERN Part of Penn a. 

I Missouri, Ark. and 
i Indian Territory. 


Canada and Alaska. 



For terms, conditions of sale, or Illustrated Catalogue of the 
machines and supplies, send starnp with inqzihy to the company or 
agent in whose territory you contemplate tising the machine, or to 

The North American Phonograph Company, 


Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2017 with funding from 
Boston Public Library 




.'A.^O. TATE, 

^ Vice-President of the North American Phonograph Company. 

A MAGAZINE dfvotml to all interests connected with the 
recordins of sound, the reproduction and preservation of 
speech, the Telephone, the Typewriter, and the progress 
■of Electricity. 



ONE YE.\R. 81.00 


Fostage Prepaid. 

V. II. 31c 1C .4 K, 3Iniiag:er, 

Pulitzer Building, Room 87. NEW YORK. 


The Phonogram, having special facilities in its circula- 
tion through the vast commercial svstem occupied by the 
Phonograph. Telephone, and other Electrical Devices, pre- 
sents an exceptionally valunhle advertising medium. The 
rates are reasonable and will be furnished on application. 


relating to the Phonograph. Typewriter, or Electricit.v. in 
any of their practical applications, is cordially invited, and 
the cooperation of all electrical thinkers and workers ear- 
nestly desired. Clear, concise, well-written articles are 
especially welcome; and communications, view.s, news 
items, local newspaper clippings, or any information likely 
to interest electricians, will be thankfully received and 
cheerfully acknowledged. 

New Vice-President, 

Mr. A, O. Tate lias just been elected vice- 
president of the North American Phonograph 
Co. Mr. Tate has entered a held thoroughly fa- 
miliar to him, having been connected with Mr. 
Edison for manj' years, in positions of responsi- 
bility, the duties of which he performed with such 
exactness and fidelity that promotion has fol- 
lowed, and he now stands with the heads in the 
management of this great enterprise. 

In securing the valuable services of our new 
vice-president, all who are interested in the 
phonograph may be congratulated. 

The portrait of Mr. Tate herewith presented, 
is an excellent likeness. His Anglo-Saxon birth 
betokens great staying powers, and his knowledge 
of the work carried on in the laboratory at Menlo 
Park fits him admirably for this position. 

The Imaginary and the Real Phono- 

^luch lias been said and written in regard to 
the phonograph, and iis marvelous capacities 
have been so largely descanted upon, while its 
construction and actual powers are so little under- 
stood, that the imaginations of the multitude run 
riot on the subject and ascribe to the instrument 
human and superhuman powers. 

Mr. A. W. Clancy, president of the National 
Phonographic Association, recently made this 
topic a theme for the enlightenment of a group of 
listeners at the Hotel Cadillac, in Detroit. Michi- 
gan, and as his exposition of the subject was 
both forcible and humorous, we lay it before 
our readers; 

“ The machine cannot do everything. It can- 
not report the proceedings of a j'oung ladies’ 
sewing society, nor can it follow up the rapid 
elocution of some lawyers. It cannot travel 
round and carry the mini.ster’s sermon to his 
congregation every Sunday morning. It can 
call out “ front ” for a hotel clerk as loud and 
long as he pleases, but it cannot deliver the key 
of a room, or tell a lady where to get stamps, or 
imparl all the necessary information required by 
guests at a hotel ; but it is a faithful servant and 
will conduct business like a setting hen, and 
never strike for higher wages.” 

These simple words are intended for the bene- 





fit of the people at large, and are always effec- 
tive. To these observations, we add the follow- 
ing explanations, thrown out to reach the new 
subscribers and readers of The Phonogram, 
■who, as yet, are not informed about tlie niech" 
anism of this instrument. 

The phonograph borrows from man two im- 
portant functions, those of speech and writing ; 
that is, it repeats and records. Its construction 
enables it to catch the waves of sound entering 
through the tube, whether they be words, music, 
or any other form of sound, and echo them. 
When a waxed cylinder is attached to the phono- 
graph and certain adjustments are made, it will 
repeat all sounds directed towards the dia- 
phragm, and these vibrations move a stylus or 
needle which stamps the movement upon the 
surface of the waxed cylinder. 

To all persons unacquainted -with the opera- 
tion of the instrument, we state that it only re- 
flects and copies the sound which man forces it 
to reproduce. 

All sounds of every kind and character may 
be treasured up in these extraordinary machines 
and reproduced — not once — hut a thousand 
times and may be mechanically duplicated and 
multiplied to any extent. 

An Essay on the Typewriter by an 
Eminent Authority. 

We commend to our readers in general, and to 
parents and children in particular, the article by 
Mr, Yost on the subject of typewriters, in this 
issue. He has given to this country a great 
variety of models of that machine and justly de. 
serves the title of “Father of the Typewriter.” 

More than that, he now takes the pains to 
write, for the instruction of this and coming gen- 
erations, a sort of practical essay on business, 
which will be for parents and their offspring “ a 
lantern unto their path.” This is purely a labor 
of love on his part, for his success in business 
has been such that he does not need encomiums. 

Mr. Yost sees the important functions that the 
phonograph performs in connection with the 
typewriter and does not hesitate to pronounce 
eulogies on the machine tliat talks 

Our General Manager in Chicago. 

The tariff and the State bank issue may at. 
tract the attention of common mortals at present, 
but the Western phonograph companies are 
much more interested in the presence and doings 
of Mr. Lombard in Chicago. 

The Phonograph in Business. 

Intelligence from the Texas Co. shows us that 
the interests of the phonograph are being pushed 
with assiduity in that ,-egion. Mr. Thomas R. 
Conyngton, general manager of the Texas 
Co., receives reports as to progress from five of 
the principal cities and towns, and all are enthu- 
siastic in praise of it. Some of the writers state 
the amount of work that can be transacted by the 
aid of the phonograph, others order more instru- 
ments, and again certificates of the satisfaction 
it has given come in from various firms. 

All of which shows that Mr. Conyngton ap- 
preciates the necessity of communicating facts 
like these to headquarters ; and that he is him- 
self most energetic and far-seeing in his own 

Never on Sale Before. 

As astronomers watch from time to time the 
planets that come within the range of their 
vision, to ascertain what changes take place on 
their surface, so do the e3'es of our country, 
men turn with eagerness to the great luminary 
who has, after Fr.inklin, done more to familiar- 
ize man with the unseen, potent elements of 
nature and subject them to his control, than any 
other American. It is well to assign him a place 
beside Columbus ; for if the great discoverer 
succeeded in finding another world, the savant 
Edison has elevated it and conferred upon it a 
new title to usefulness and universal considera- 

We have a planet of the first order revolving 
majesticallj' in its orbit within range of our per- 
ceptive faculties, whose appearance we are con- 
stantly tempted to scrutinize, and in which every 
American takes a personal pride and interest. 
Everyone who has any degree of patriotism will 
take occasion to secure a portraiture of this 
world-wide “ notability,” and we believe ■will ap- 
preciate the information we here impart that 
through the influence of a friend of The Phono- 
gram, photographs of Mr. Edison can be ob- 
tained from the office of that magazine. 

They consist of portraits of this gentleman, 
taken at different ages, from four years old up)- 
wards, of his mother, of his birthplace, his pres- 
ent home, library, laboratory, and workshops* 
These are nil copyrighted and cannot he duplicated. 

Additional portrains of Mr. Edison will ap- 
pear from time to time, taken while at work in 
various departments of the laboratory. 



'HE Amei’icans are proverbi- 
ally quick-witted and they 
apply with great facility 
their inventive and percep- 
tive faculties to the con- 
structing and perfecting of 
machinery. But with re- 
gard to their methods of 
conducting business corre- 
spondence, they are largely at fault. The 
question is asked, Why ? And I herein 
propose to throw some light upon this 
defective policy on their part. 

The phonograph, as all intelligent 
persons know, records and repeats ; — 
therefore it performs in an office exactly 
the part an individual plays. Its work is 
transacted much more faithfully than a 
man’s, it costs much less to rent a phono- 
graph than to employ an amanuensis, and 
no time is lost in conversation of any 
kind. The fact that it is not more gen- 
erally used is due to many causes. The 
first of these is the well-known reluctance 
of business people to make any change in 
their modus operandi. 

Why the phonograph has not been 
introduced to a greater extent in com- 
mercial houses is, I think, mainly due to 
the fact, that its marvelous amusement 

side has educated the public into the 
fallac}’ of believing that it was only a 
wonderful toy ; and the business com- 
munity has settled down to this conclu- 
sion. If the busim-ss men would give a 
few minutes’ time to those who are trying 
to educate the public in the commercial 
use of the phonograph, they would soon be 
convinced of its great capacity as a labor 
and time saver, and would say of it, as of 
the typewriter, “ we have here an invention 
for which every man, woman and child 
should offer up a thanksgiving.” 

Now, as to a view of the question in 
connection with stenography. All heads 
of commercial houses knoAv the difficulty 
of obtaining comi)etent stenographers; not 
over five in a hundred are entitled to as- 
sume that appellation. We do not adude 
to experts who report for the courts, the 
lecture-room, the church ; but to the 
majority of those pupils leaving steno- 
graphic schools who are turned out as ste- 
nographers. Will not any reader versed 
in commercial methods bear me out in the 
statement that frequently the person who 
dictates finds errors in the transcription 
of shorthand notes, and upon calling it to 
the attention of the stenographer is told, 
“ Why, here are my notes.” 



I will leave it to niy commercial reader 
if it is not a fact that on many occ.isions 
matter dictated to the stenograjiher must 
be corrected ; there are such a great 
variety of stenographic characters that one 
must possess not only a good memory, but 
acute pei'ceptions to distinguish each, be- 
cause in many of these signs the difference 
is so trifling that it passes unobserved, yet 
when not understood makes a vast differ- 
ence in the meaning of the “copy.” The 
dictator looks at the transcriber to see if 
the latter has caught the meaning, and 
when challenged, cannot controvert the 
assertion, because he is unacquainted with 
these differences in signs that go to make 
the difference in meaning. 

Now let us compare such work as that 
(and I am not overstating the case) with 
work done by the phonograph, for the 
purpo.-e of demonstrating to stenographers, 
as well as business men, a method of doing 
more work and doing it better in a given 

The person, called the corresitonding 
clerk, who is left in charge of an immense 
correspondence, flnds it necessary on an 
unusually heavy day to keep work going 
on, and just at this time the stenographer 
finds that he is obliged to go to lunch. Or 
perhaps the stenographer lives out of town, 
the train is belated, and instead of getting 
to the office at nine o’clock, he does not 
arrive till half-past nine W lat is the 
result ? Members of the firm are obliged 
to leave at five o’clock ; by these mishaps 
the correspondence is hurried through in 
an unsatisfactory manner or else left un- 
finished. The other view of the case shows 
an office e:iuipped with a phonograph that 
a boy ten years old, with ordinary ability, 
can run correctly. The em|)loyer comes in 
at eight o’clock in the morning, opens his 
mail, and, as fast as opened, dictates the 
answer to the phonograph cylinder, which 
is then placed on a little plug made for 
the purpose, where it remains till the type- 
writer arrives. Thus the correspondence 
is read and dictated in an hour’s time 
leaving the dictator free to perform other 
duties. The typewriter then merely takes 
the cylinder, puts the tube to her ears and 
transcribes every word exactly ; there is no 
guesswork about it, no interchanging one 
word for another, but it is transcribed with 
absoluie fidelity, it is also a fact that 
persons transcribing fiom the phonograph 

can do more work in a given time than by 

Now, as to the comparative cost of the 
phonograj)!! and the stenographer. It is 
well known that efficient typewriters can 
be secured at $8 per week — this is the 
average price. The stenographer com- 
mands from $10 to $12 and even more — 
S15 per week. 

We can prove by figures that the phono- 
graph is clieaper than a stenogra|)her. We 
can lease two phonographs (and we always 
recommend |)utting two into a commercial 
house), furnisliing battery service and five 
dozen blank cylinders, including a type- 
writer at $8 a week, fur less than it would 
cost to employ a stenographer and type- 
writer at $12 a week. 

We believe that while merchants are 
willing to pay fair wages they are also on 
the lookout for any device that may lessen 
office expenses. Such being the case, they 
should look to the phono' raph as the 
means of doing this. It may seem as if 
we were trying to sell our wares to the 
detriment of a large class of ladies who 
are trying to earn their living. This not 
the fact. 

Who does not remember the epoch when 
the sewing machine was first introduced, 
and the hue and cry raised against it as an 
innovator that would ruin the business of 
girls who worked with a needle? We all 
now know that the sewing machine has 
been universally adopted by this same 
class and that they make their support by 
its aid with much more ease. 

The same alignment is applicable to the 
phonograph and the stenographer. By its 
use a clerk will save a large portion of his 
time and labor, and, what is more im- 
portant, he will preserve his brain from 
injury — an effect invariably produced by 
practicing stenography. 

To persons residing within the territory 
controlled by the New England Phono- 
graph Co., we would suggest calling at 
headquarters, as this would be the sure 
means of obtaining accurate information 
on this subject, since we can show testi- 
monials from business men, lawyers, 
hankers and ministers who use phono- 
graphs and know their value. 

The description of Phonograph Album, with 
cuts, will appear in next issue. 



The Phonograph in Use at the Bishops* 
Palace, Montreal. 

The Roman Catholic clergy know a 
good thing when they see it. They have 
“caught on” to the phonograph in 
Canada, and are utilizing it for corre- 
spondence purposes at the Bishop’s Palace, 
Montreal, and other Catholic establish- 
ments. It has not yet, so far as we can 
learn, been employed to transmit verbal 
messages between the leaders of the hier- 
archy, but there is no reason why it 
should not become the medium for 
conveying a Papal benediction or anath- 
ema, or even be pressed into the service 
of the Church in the teaching of the 
people. Imagine the reverential awe 
with which a message from the Supreme 
Pontiff would be received by the faithful 
throughout the world, as the phonograph 
reproduced the solemn tones of his own 
voice from the altar I 


It is Steadily Growing in Popularity as 
an Aid to Business Men. 

Few people have an idea of the wonder- 
ful changes that have been made in the 
phonograph since it first came out from 
the workshop of T. A. Edison. We are 
constantly I'eceiving letters inquiring when 
the improved phonograph will a[)pear. 
Our answer to this question is : 

The improved phonograph has already 
appeared, and an excellent cut of the same, 
with each prominent part lettered and in- 
structions for its operation, were given in 
the last issue of The Phonogram. The 
instrument has now been so perfected that 
it is capable of faithfully reproducing every 
word, syllable, vowel, consonant, aspirant, 
or sounds of any kind. 

Having given a cut of the entire machine 
in our last issue, we herewith present some 
of its component parts. 

The great feature of the new improve- 
ment consists in the use of the same dia- 
phragm for recording and reproducing, a 
plate of which is here shown. Cut No. 1 
represents the complete speaker, showing 

the method of attaching the weight and 
sapphire styles. B is the reproducer ball 
(sapphire). ,S' is the recorder stylus (sap- 
phire). The screw C limits the action of 
the wciglit D, wliich is used to allow for 
different thicknesses of ( y inder. The dia- 

No. 2. 

phragm lever, a small projecting T shaped 
piece screwed u])ou the right of the dia- 
phragm, when moved downward to the 
limit stop, places the speaker in position 
to rec'ird. To reproduce, the lever is 
moved upward to the sto[) (see last issue). 

In operating this new machine a wax 
cylinder having a diameter not exceeding 



two aud three-sixteenth inclies is placed 
on the taper mandrel. The swing arm is 
brought into place and locked by spring- 
ing the lock-bolt into place, which is done 
completely in one operation. 

Cut No. 2 represents the wax cylin- 
ders. By the use of these the instru- 

No. 3. 

ment retunis all the modulations of the 
voice in the most perfect manner. The 
waves of sound striking the glass dia- 
phragm set in motion the sapphire-pointed 
needle which is connected therewith, and 
cause this needle to press into the i-evolv- 
ing wax cylinder, making exceedingly fine 
lines hardly visible to the naked eye. 
About eight hundred words can be recorded 
in this way on one cylinder ; and the 
record is perfect, no matter how' rapidly 
or slowly one talks. 

Cut No. 3 shows the complete armature, 
with shaft and commutator, and No. 4 
is the field-magnet of motor F, showing 
bearing of armature shaft aud pillars E 
for connection to top plate of machine. 
A sensitive governor pi'ovides that the 
machine may always be driven at a per- 
fectly constant speed, so that the pitch of 
the sound may never vary. The rubber 
tubes shown in Cut 5 are supplied with 
two vulcanite tips, and are placed in the 
ears of the listener. 

Cut No. 6 shows the standard-s2')eaking 
tube, instead of which a tin horn about 

fourteen inches in length can be attached 
to the phonograph and used for dictating 
purposes if desired. 

Speaking tubes from fifteen to forty- 
eight inches in length, to suit the wants 
of the dictator, can be obtained. A good 
phonograph record can only be made by 
holding the speaking tube within a half 
inch of the mouth and talking directly 
into it. 

It is absolutely necessary in speaking 
into the tube that one should enunciate 
distinctly, as it is usually supposed that 
all sounds uttered in the same apartment 
will enter the tube, no matter at what 
distance the parties are from the phono- 

■ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

Professor Garner Must Have a Phono 

Is it possible that after all the interest 
manifested by the public in Professor Gar- 

No. 4. 

ner’s ex^iedition to Africa in the cause of 
science and for the purpose of discovering 
the unknown facts with regard to th^ origin 
and j employment of articulate sounds, he 



is to be depi'ived of the use of the phonog- 
raph? What pebble is it that stops the 
way ? Do the jealousies of foreign scientists 
interfere, or does the question .issume the 
aspect of a matter of dollars and cents? 

The London papers say : “ Owners of 
the phonograph jmtent rights for Europe 

will not sell or lease one of their machines 
to Pi’ofessor Garner, he wishing to take 
it to Gaboon in furtherance of his mission 
to prove that monkey-language has quite 
as definite a meaning as the Queen’s 

The Phonograph Aids Stenographers. 

The great convention of the Episcopal 
Church, which began on October 5th in 
Baltimore and is still in progress, is being 
reported by Mr. James H. Fish, the ste- 
nograi)her of New York City, and Mr. A. 
Johns, the well-known Washington ste- 
nographer. All of the proceedings are dic- 
tated to the Edison phonograph and tran- 
scribed by a large and expert force of 
operators in the Baltimore office of the 

Columbia Phonograph Co. This work is 
of greater magnitude than any phonograph 
work thus far done in Baltimore, and has 
attracted a great deal of attention both 
from press and public. 

An Adjunct to Thin Voices. 

A man in New York who says he repre- 
sents a company with $1,000,000 capital 
and has no shares to sell, has an alumi- 
num plate which, if inserted in a man’s 
mouth, will change a thin voice into one 
with a metallic sound. He says he has 
put one of the plates into the mouth of a 
tenor singer now in New York, who has 
been enabled to rehearse for a week with- 
out experiencing any strain upon his 

This man had better go into the phono- 
graph business. We want good singers 
who can stand before a phonograph and 
rehearse for weeks at a time. Those 
having thin voices need not apply, but if 
the aluminum plate avoids this difficulty, 
and a man has the nerve to listen to his 
own reproduction as given, firstly, through 
the aluminum plate and lastly through the 

No. 0. 

phonograph funnel, we say to that man 
come on, and give us all you can. We 
make a thousand records in one day and 
if you can stand it, we can. We know 
they]will sell. 



The Utility of the Phonograph. 


I have great confidence in the utility of 
the phonograph and its companion device, 
tiie graphoplione. 1 cannot believe that 
inventions so unique are to be regarded as 
scientific toys. The fact that they have 
been used for some years by the official 
stenographers in Congress and by some of 
our leading law reporters, is proof that they 
are of practical value in our profession. 
The difficulty in securing their immediate 
introduction is due, first, to the fact that 
stenographers of long experience are reluc- 
tant to make changes in the manner of 
making transcripts of their notes. Old 
dogs don’t like to learn new tricks. 
Second, expert opei-ators on writing ma- 
chines, which grade alone we emjfioy, en- 
grossed as they are with exacting duties, 
have not yet reached a point where they 
realize the value of the phonograph as a 
coadjutor in their manual labor, a relief to 
the typewritist in a personal way, and a 
means of increasing their remunera- 
tion. And stenographers do not feel 
disposed to force old employes who have 
served them well to learn a new method. 

While greater care must be exercised by 
the stenographer in dictating, greater in- 
telligence is required of the person who 
records the matter as she hears it from the 

But it is going to come. 

Beating the Phonograph. 

“ The drop-a-nickel-in-the-slot phono- 
grajihs are constantly being robbed, or at 
least their owners are. There is hardly 
a day that twenty-five to fifty bogus 
nickels are not taken from these boxes.” 

This has been the experience of Peoria, 
111., where twenty-four machines are sta- 
tioned at various places about the town. 
The bogus nickel is usually made from a 

bullet or car seal. Sometimes the bogus 
nickels are given the imprint of the gen- 
uine, which is done by pressing the two 
together, or by placing the nickel on the 
bogus one, and giving it a hard hit with a 
hammer, but this is not necessaiy, as all 
that is rquired is the size and weight and 
when dropped in the slot, the machine 
reponds by sending forth its melody of 
song or music. The bogus nickel business 
has become so popular since the introduc- 
tion of the j)honograph, that parties in the 
East have already commenced on the sly 
to manufacture them, the selling price for 
same being two dollars a hundred. The 
government has been called upon to sup- 
press the business. 

The latest automatic phonogra|dis are, 
however, supplied with devices which can 
now beat the bogus nickel-beater. The 
slot is made just the size of the genuine 
nickel, and it has been found, on close in- 
spection, that the bogus nickel varies a 
trifle from the genuine in size and weight. 
This electrical device will not pass any but 

the genuine coin. 

Campaign Oratory Made Easy. 

When j\Ir. Edison invented this inst -u- 
ment he had no intention of furnishing 

to popular speakers an ajijiaratus by means 
of which their oratory could be kept “on 
tap ” and reach the ears of the people “ by 



the gross,” just as fans or other useful 
appliances are dumped — a van load at a 
time — into public halls for the benefit of 

Yet such are the varied uses to which 
this versatile machine may be applied, 
that an orator desirous of transmitting his 
opinions as expressed in public, to a very 
wide circle nf hearers, may by standing in 
front of a group of phonographs, be able to 
communicate them to some six or eight 
distant jioints in a very short time after 
being uttered, by railway, instead of send- 
ing his speech or address by an expensive 
telei)hone or telegraph. 

At least this is what we are informed 
has been accomplished by a jirominent 
Western politician, who, being invited to 
sprak at two hundred places within a 
limited period, is said to have adopted 
this novel method of making himself, as 
it were, ubiquitous. He has the reputa- 
tion of being very ])ersuasive in his elo- 
quence, and concluded that by means of 
the open mouths of eight phonographs 
attached with horns, all “the wisdom 
dripping from his tongue” might be 
caught by these faithful little reporter’s 
aud quickly forwarded to places “ where 
they would do the most good.” 

We cordially recommend all political 
speaker’s to adopt the new custom ; it is 
more satisfactory than a printed copy of 
the speech of a favorite orator, becarrse 
you hear not only the spoken words, but 
the sound of his voice. 

Still They Come— A New Votary to the 

Time, the great restorer, settles many a 
question which with'urt his poteirt aid 
would remain arr urrending cause of strife. 
For morrths, even years, the fact that the 
phonograph was something far beyond a 
toy has been a dispirted point amorrg 
stenographers^; some lauding its extr’aor- 

dinary practical capacities, others denying 
them and belittling it. A further con 
vincing proof of its value is now at hand, 
and we present it in this issue. 

In 1847, a young lad from a town in 
New York State began the study of ste- 
nography ; in this art he became so profi- 
cient, that he was employed, in 1849, by 
the St. Louis Republican as a reporter, 
and later by the Reveille and the Intelli- 
gencer. He was the first stenographer 
west of the Mississippi River, and was a 
resident of St. Lonis^until 1853. During 
a part of that epoch he was amanuensis 
for Senator Thomas H. Benton, while he 
was writing “ Thirty Years in the United 
States Senate.” In 1853 this gentleman, 
Mr. Edward F. Underhill, came to the 
city of New York, and became a reporter 
to the Times, afterwards to the Tribune, 
where he remained until 1861. In 1880, 
Hon. David D. Field, suggested to Mr. 
Underhill the necessity of a law to pro- 
vide for the appointment of official sten- 
ographers in the courts of the city of New 
York. Mr. Field wrote an amendment to 
to the code and Mr. Underhill succeeded 
in getting it jiassed by the Legislature. 
This was the beginning of a system which 
has been adopted in every State in the 
Union and in the Dominion. 

Mr. Underhill has been official stenog. 
rapher of the Supreme Court iu New 
York, also of the Legislature aud for the 
Constitutional Convention of 1867-8. He 
has also been assistant to the Surrogate 
for many years and stenographer of the 
Surrogate’s Court. He was employed in 
three important impeachment cases, not- 
ably that of Governor Holden, of North 
Carolina, inl871. He has been four times 
elected president of the largest association 
of stenographers in this city. 

Mr. Underhill believes in the usefulness 
of the phonograph, aud it is he who con- 
tributes the excellent article in its favor 
published in this issue. When a man who 



Edward F. Underhill. 

stands as high as he does in his profession, 
together with his distinguished confreres, 
Messrs. Parkhurst, E, N. and D. Mur- 
phy, Senate reporters, Washington, D. C., 
and Mr. E. '^ImeVyOtihQ Phonographic 
World, yield their adhesion to the phono- 
graph, against which many prejudices had 
at first been erected, the barriers set up by 
others will surely fall. It will be like the 
flock that waits before the fence or wall 
until the leaders jump over, when the re- 
mainder folloAV unhesitatingly. 

The North German Lloyd Steamship Co. 
has put a phonograph in the cabin of the 
Havel, and choice music is furnished the 
passeng’ers at all hours, whether the vessel 
be out at sea, or moored to her wharf. The 

revenue from it is turnetl 
over to societies in Europe 
whose object is the relief of 
distressed seamen. A largo- 
sum is realized on every 

French and Belgie Ingen- 
uity in the Matter 
of Clocks. 

The combination of a 
clock with a phonograph has 
been effected by M. Terrier 
de Villeneuve, who, as is 
stated by the Petite Repxib- 
lique Francahe, is a French 
engineer now living in New 
York, and who has for some- 
time past worked in connec- 
tion with Mr. Edison. 

This unique production is 
capable of performing in 
twelve hours the music of 
four operas, viz. ; Lohen- 
grin, Faust, The Huguenots 
and William Tell ; and in 
these renditions the audience 
will hear the voices of th& 
most celebrated vocalists 
who have ajjpeared in the principal parts^ 
as Madame Patti, Faure, etc. It will be 
a phonographic reproduction of the Grand 
Opera at Paris. 

The other clock referred to was invented 
by a clockmaker at Brussels and is wound 
up by the sun, onl3' requiring to be placed 
near a window on which the sun shines. 
The solar rays falling" on a shaft causes an 
up-draught w'hich sets the fan in motion. 

The fan actuates mechanism which 
raises the weight of the clock until it 
reaches the top and then puts a brake on 
the fan till the weight has gone down a 
little, when the fan is again liberated and 
proceeds to act as before. 

As long as the sun shines frequently 
enough, and the machinery does not wear- 
out, the clock will keep going. 



A Great Republican Speech Reported 
by the Phonograph. 

Gen. John C. Spooner’s great Kepub- 
lican speech at the opening of the cam- 
paign in Wisconsin was transcribed entirely 
from phonographs, and the work, which 
was done in a room adjoining the hall, at- 
tracted almost as much attention as the 
delivery of the speech. The speech was 
begun at 8:30, finished at 10:50, and the 
transcript delivered to the morning paper 
at 12:15. 

Mr. Goodwin, of the Wisconsin Phono- 
graph Co., superintended the work, and the 
Milwaukee Sentinel gladly rewarded him 
with two 820 gold pieces, which he at once 
carried with him to Chicago and disposed 
of in exchange for Chicago hilarity in com- 
pany with the genial vice-president of the 
North American Phonograph Co. 

The Phonograph for the Blind. 

For some time past we have held com- 
munication with the superintendents of 
institutions for the blind, in order to as- 
certain if the sad lot of the latter could 
not be alleviated, and their power to in- 
crease the sum of their labors be enhanced 
by the use of the phonogi'aph. 

Observing in several of our exchanges 
articles alluding to the work and progress 
of the blind, we perceived that an im- 
portant step towards facilitating progress 
had been made by teaching them to op- 
erate the ty[)ewriter. The Phonoqi-apliic 
World (Mr. E. N. Miner, New York), 
The PhonograjjJiic Magazine (Mr. Jerome 
B. Howard, Cincinnati) and The Stenog- 
rapher (Mr. F. H. Hemperley, Philadel- 
phia) all mention this fact, and the im- 
provement made in those machines for the 
benefit of this class of persons. The first 
speaks of Miss Barbara Whitson, Hatfield, 
Kansas, who in clever verse pays a tribute 

to the instrument which has proven to her 
so great a blessing. 

The second journal states that Mr. 
Frank H . Hall, superintendent of the 
Illinois Institute for the Blind, at Jack- 
sonville, 111., has perfected the best type- 
writer ever invented for the blind. 

None but those accustomed to teaching 
the blind can understand the value of a 
machine like this to them. Heretofore they 
could not carry on mathematical observa- 
tions like other persons, but now they can 
solve alg'ebraic and arithmetical problems 
as other people do ; they can write music, 
and construct a book when the demand is 
not sufficient for the printing of a volume. 
Dots are made by this machine in the 
paper, as in the Braille dotted alphabet, 
which is a system of dots arranged in 
rectangular cells, so that all the letters of 
the alphabet are easily made. 

As the machine neared completion a 
reward was offered to the pupil in the 
Illinois Institution of the Blind who 
should acquire the greatest skill in using 
it by the close of the last session of the 

Five boys expressed a desire to enter 
the contest ; they were provided with 
“ dummies,” which they used about two 
weeks, when the first working machine 
was brought into the institution. After 
each boy had practiced nine hours on the 
machine itself, they were carefully tested 
as to speed and accuracy, both on new 
matter and memorized work. The exam- 
ination of their work was entrusted to 
two blind persons long familiar with the 
Braille system, with instructions to note 
every error recognizable by the touch. 
The following is a copy of their report to 
the sui)erintendent : 

“ Professor Hall : 

“After careful examination we find that 
Arthixr Ament is entitled to the ])rize 
offered by you for the best work on your 
new typewriter. He wrote thirty one 
words of new matter in one minute with 
but a single error — and that, a failure to 
space in one instance. 

“We wish to say in behalf of the ma- 
chine, that even when worked at that high 
rate of speed, it marked a ‘ point ’ abso- 
lutely faultless. Please accept not only 
our congratulations, but also our heartfelt 
thanks for the incalculable benefits you 

THIl phonogram. 


have conferred upon the blind by produc- 
ing this macliine. 

“ George E. Parker. 

“Arthur Jewell.” 

Tlie above is from The Phonographic 
Magazine. The Stenographer calls this 
Hall-Braille typewriter “the most notable 
printing device in the history of instruc- 
tion for the blind.” It says also, “It 
prints characters that the blind can read 
themselves ” ; and “ The typewriter for the 
blind proves to be an extraordinary type- 
setter in itself, and it is firmly believed 
will revolutionize printing for the blind, 
and their education henceforth will take 
enormous strides.” 

Now we add that when a blind person 
becomes a good typewritist be is already 
half-way on the road to becoming an 
amanuensis. To make him Avholly so, 
he should learn how to operate the pho- 
nograph, which is merely child’s play after 
that. He is then fully competent to fill 
the position of private secretary, corre- 
spondent, or clerk in any business house. 
This opens a new field for the blind, and 
will place them on an equal plane with 
their more fortunate brethren. 

The same idea was broached by Mr. 
Thomas Conyngton, of the Texas Phono- 
graph Co., in a recent communication to 
the editor, and we are happy to be able to 
offer the above points showing him that 
The Phonogram is in accord. 

A Telephonic Phonograph. 

W. A . Church, a man of more enter- 
prise than means, is manager of the World's 
Fair IMusical Palace Co., of Chicago, who 
have a scheme for erecting a large building 
fitted with long-distance telephones and 
telegraphs, by means of which jiersons in 
other cities may hear reproduced music 
delivered at the Columbian Exposition. 
This is not at all difficult to accomjilish 
— in fact, is an every-day occurrence be- 

tween New York, Boston, Philadelphia 
and adjacent cities. Mr. Church has not 
been successful, however, in raising the 
capital, although great things have been 
promised to those who subscribe for stock. 
He has traveled extensively in the East 
and has, no doubt, been regaled with 
musical jiroductions on the phonograj)!! by 
transmission over long-distance telephone. 

The Post-Office in Ottawa, Canada, 
Adopts the Phonograph. 

Mr. William C. Coo, agent for Holland 
Bros, at London, Out., is teaching the 
use of the jdionograph in connection with 
the Smith Premier Tj'pewriter in his 
shorthand and typewriting schools. He 
is a court stenographer, and has demon- 
strated the practical utility of the phono- 
graph in his own business. With him, as 
Avith all expert stenographers Avho have 
tried the phoiiograph, the day of the 
shorthand amanuensis has gone by. The 
j)honograiih answers his purpose better, 
and is always available. 

The Post Office Department at Ottawa 
has adopted the phonograph for corre- 
spondence purposes, gi’eatly to the relief 
and delight of the overworked deputy. 
Before he procured the phonograph, he 
was constantly confronted with the dis- 
agreeable alternative of having either to 
dictate his correspondence and reports by 
snatches to half-skilled amanuenses during 
office hours, or to require his stenogra})hers 
to remain after office hours. Now, when 
the civil servants retire, he shuts his door, 
and Avith ease and unchecked speed pours 
forth his Avords into the receptiA'e Avax 
of the phonograph cylinder. He knows 
that Avhen he reaches his office next day, 
most of his correspondence Avill be neatly 
and accurately transcribed and ready for 
his signature. Colonel White Avould rather 
part Avith half of his staff than Avith his 
tried and trust3' phonograph. 





It is difficult for thosejnot familiar with 
the ]ihonograph to conceive the extent of 
its field of operations, or the diversity, 
one might almost say the inconsistency, 
■of the functions it fills. It is 
like the “ harp of a thousand 
strings” of which we read. 

Its latest role is by no means 
the least wonderful, and though 
this instrument has already 
achieved conquests in the sphere 
of industry that may be de- 
nominated vast, the greatest is 
yet to come; and when it stands 
forth before the world, will 
make such gigantic strides as 
were never previously wit- 

At the opening of the Co- 
lumbian Exposition there will 
appear a dual instrument, two 
steeds of almost infinite capac- 
ityin their special powers, whose 
performances it will tax the hu- 
man eye and ear to follow. 

The Edison Kinetograph is 
an instrument intended to re- 
produce motion and sound 
simultaneously, being a combi- 
nation of a specially construct- 
ed camera and phonograph. 

The camera used in connection 
with this instrument will take 
forty-six pictures a second, 
which is 2,700 pictures a min- 
ute, or 165,000 in an hour. The 
rapid photographing of these 
pictures upon a long band of 
extremely light, sensitive film 
creates the illusory spectacle of 
real motion of the figures, and 
when to this visual impression 
The Phonograph is called to 

join its voice, we have a combination 
of effects upon both auditory and optic 
nerves. This specially constructed camera 
is attached electrically to a phonograph 
and their combined movements are simul- 
taneousy registered, and thus we have the 
duplex sensation of vision and sound. 

Now the advantages of the kinetograph 




Dictators and Dictation, 

It is difficult to exagger, 
ate the importance of ac- 
quiring good methods of 
dictation. And although 
the business man may con- 
sider it a minor considera- 
tion in the category of pro- 
cesses by which he arrives 
at obtaining records of office 
work, it is in reality a prim- 
ary necessity. Those who 
dictate letters, documents or 
any instruments of writing 
are often unaware that the 
fault of imperfect copying 
lies at their door. The rea- 
sons are as folloAvs : 

are, that we may enjoy the eloquence of a 
great orator, hear his voice, see his face 
and form and every movement he makes 
at one time while in our own homes ; 
celebrated actors, singers, etc., may in like 
manner be called before us while we sit 
in our drawing rooms ; we need not resort 
to seats in the open air, situated miles 

away from our dwellings, to see military 
processions or civic parades ; those who 
are interested in swift-running horses can 
see a race going on at Sheepsliead Bay or 
Monmouth, without leaving New Yorkr 
and just here let it be remembered that 
this instrument may play a most useful 
part, for in a close race where a few 
inches of space turns the 
scales, it will take down just 
what happened, faithfully ; 
and the kinetograph will 
also record with fidelity all 
that takes j place at prize 
fights, baseball contests and 
the noise, stir and progress 
of games. 

It would be impossible at 
the present stage of this in- 
vention to enumerate all the 
uses to which the phono- 
camera or kinetograph is 
applicable. Suffice it to say 
that its capacities are ap- 
parently unlimited ; espec- 
ially does this view of it 
aj^ply to its powers as a 
source of amusement. 



21 » 

ahead, but remembering that the person 
who speaks cannot make the same pro- 
gress as tlie person who writes. Finally, 
the dictator must come to his work pre- 
pared to be patient, polite, willing even 
to receive suggestions that may expedite 
the work. "We should all recollect that 
human beings have nerves, and if harsh 

in Ills words a lull and sep- 
arate sound. We do not in- 
tend to be understood as re- 
commending him to lose 
sight of the fact that all 
words of more than one syl- 
lable are accentuated on cer- 
tain syllables. The proper 
accent must be retained in 
every case; at the same time 
he must learn not to run one 
word or one syllable into 
another, making one long, 
continuous, and therefore 
confused sound, which is 
lost on the cylinder or lost 
to the person receiving the 

Let him try to make the 
right divisions of sentences, 
adopting one style of doing 
this, so that his typewritist 
may come to understand his 
customs in this respect. In 
other words, let him punc- 
tuate by pauses of different 
lengths ; the shortest for a 
comma, next in duration a 
semicolon, one a little longer 
for a colon, and a lowering 
of the voice for a period or 
full stop. His enunciation 
should be loud and clear 
enough to be heard above 
the click of the machine. 
He must also learn to ob- 
serve the movements of the 
writer, so as to keep time 
with her ; not rushing 

1st. The dictator sometimes speaks 
too rapidly. He should remember that 
waves of sound, like waves of the sea, may 
overlap each other, producing not a 
separate form or impression, but a con- 
fused and wholly different result from 
what he expects. Let him learn to enun- 
ciate distinctly, that is, give each syllable 




tones will quicken the pulse of a horse, 
they will affect the movements or work of 
a copyist. 

The reader will readily see that some 
of these suggestions apply particularly to 
phonographic dictation, while the others 
a})2)ly to the records of the typewriting 

A Hand-Shake. 

The Phonograph Exhibit at the 
American Institute Fair. 

This is the season of fairs, and at Bos- 
ton, Pittsburgh, and various other cities, 
the stirring people of our country are ex- 
ploiting the objects displayed to attract 
purchaseis, with commendable zeal and 
intelligence. The jdiono- 
graph holds its own among 
the legion of attractions, 
for it is like a kaleidoscope, 
ever offering something new. 

The American Institute 
exhibition is in full blast, 
and persons from all jiarts 
of the United States who 
came to witness the Colum- 
bian celebration, and j»er- 
haps to make acquisitions in 
the commercial line, remain 
to receive instruction and 
gather m ore facts at t h i s Fai r, 
At the Institute hall a space 
of thirty feet square is de- 
voted to the phonograph in- 
terest, and is artistically dec- 
orated with bunting and 
adorned with a fine portrait 
of Mr. Edison, while fifteen 
automatic machines stand 
ready to pour out music or 
recitations, according to the 
wishes of the patrons. Apart 
from these is placed an ex- 
hibition machine, connected 
with which is an eighteen* 
way hearing tube, that af- 
fords visitors the opportu- 
nity of listening, eighteen at 
once, to the music. 

The songs most poimlar 
are five campaign songs, ‘‘I’ll 
Be True,” by Edward Clar- 
ence, of the Xew' York Co.; 
“ The Laughing Coon,” by 
George Johnson, and the 



comic song, “Throw Him Down, McClos- 
key,” by George Gaskin. A large 
crowd stands constantly at two of these 
machines to listen to the cornet solo, 
“Love’s Messenger,” by the famous Pat- 
rick Gilmore, and the Volunteer’s March, 
an orchestral piece, also by Gilmore. 
Among the recitations Mr. Knssell Hunt- 
ing’s “ Discovery of Columbus,” is exces- 
sively amusing and creates much merri- 
ment. The whole exhibit is under the 
charge of Mr. George B. Lull, the genial 
manager of the automatic business for the 
New York Company. Mr. Lull has been 
connected with this company for a number 
of years, and made perhaps the most 
wonderful record of any man in the 
enterprise. He received during the past 
Summer at Oscauwauna Grove, in ten 
minutes, nine dollars, from an e.xhibition 
machine. This is the largest amount of 

money ever taken in so short a time 
from any exhibition machine. 

'I'he exhibition phonograph, with way- 
hearing tubes attached, is under the 
management of iMiss C. E. Jackson, whose 
pleasant, obliging manner draws many 
visitors. The machines are gathering in 
the coins, and i\Lr. Lull tells us that the 
profits arising therefrom average 860 ])er 
day, and on crowded days they lealize 
much more. The piano solos of the New 
York Co. are specially fine. Mr. R. T. 
Haines has invented a process of taking 
the records that brings out in a delight ul 
way the notes of that instrument. 

^Ir. E. N. Miner, editor of the Phono- 
graphic World, recently told a Phoxo- 
GRAM reporter that he had become so im- 
pressed with the utility of the phonograph 
as an aid to the reporter that he would 
gladly offer the pages of his magazine to 
any contributor who would send articles 
on the subject. 

Phonograpli Lxiiil)it at the American Institute Fair. 


]\Iost readers of The Phonogram will 
find special interest in an account of the 
life and woi’ks of this celebrated inventor, 
which, with his portrait, has been sent us 
by his widow. This necrological notice 
was written by j\Ir. Auguste Moreau, ex- 
tracted from the Bulletin of the Society of 
Civil Engineers (March, 1891) and trans- 
lated for this magazine as follows : 

The cruel Winter just passed has 
numbered among its victims many who 
had eveiy appearance of long life and every 
pronTise of a brilliant career. Such was 
especially the case with our colleague, Mr. 
Emile Reynier, who was suddenly snatched 
away by a terrible pneumonia, on the 20th 
of January, at the age of thirty- nine years. 
E. Reynier was born on the 17th May, 1851. 
llis early education was carried on at 
Gonesse, at the Pie Institute, under the 
able and kind care of his cousin, Mr. Wat- 
telier, at that time professor with the 
Monge school, who inspired him with a 
taste for the sciences, especially matlie- 
matics. Accordingly he was soon sent to 
the college of Cha 2 )tal, where he could 

imbibe and complete those elevated scien 
tific ideas which later rendered him such 
great services 

Leaving college in 1866, he entered the 
establishment of his father, a manufact- 
urer of lamps, whom he was called to suc- 
ceed ; very soon, at his request, he was 
sent to pass a year at the workshops of 
Mr. Bourdon, a constructor of manom- 
eters,* where he could acquire solid prac- 
tical knowledge. Returning afterwards to 
the paternal home, he manifested imme- 
diately under every sort of form his in- 
ventive talent — and generally with success. 
A tireless worker, he continued after leav- 
ing college to study constantly the sciences 
which he had not sufficiently fathomed. 
Without any guide, im^ielled solely by his 
desire to learn, he ardently followed the 
scientific and industrial movement of the 
epoch while continuing the paternal in- 

It was in this way that in 1875 elec- 
tricity, then in its infancy, attracted him 

* Manometers, instruments that indicate the 
density or rarity of the air. 





Mr, Emile Reynier, 

irresistibly. He conceived 
the construction of his first 
electric lamp, based on a hy- 
drostatic principle, which he 
displayed at the Conserva- 
tory of Arts and Trades un- 
der the benevolent support 
•of Mr. Edmond Becquerel. 

Thereafter, Emile Rey- 
nier decided to devote him- 
self to that most seductive 
branch of science. Since 
1875 his inventions and his 
labors succeed each otlier 
without cessation or truce, 

■Our society know them all 
too well for us to examine 
them in detail : a rapid 
enumeration of his princi- 
pal discoveries will sulEce. 

From the year 1875 he de- 
vised the metallization of the 
carbons of arc lamps ; in 
1878 he invents that incan- 
descent lamp of simple ap- 
pearance which made so 
great a sensation. At this 
epoch we formed the ac. 
quaintance of Reynier; we 
were at once strongly interested by his ar- 
dor, his high intelligence and the quali- 
ties of his heart, which made him the most 
.affectionate and devoted of friends. 

In 1880 he began to devote himself to 
the study and perfecting of secondary bat- 
teries or accumulators, which had been re- 
cently discovered by Plante. It is mainly 
to him that the development attained by 
these instruments is due. He advanced, 
besides, a new chemical theory on this sub- 
ject and expended all his efforts in propa- 
gating the use of it, persuaded that accu- 
mulators were the indispensable comple- 
ment of all permanent installation for 
lighting. At the present time everyone is 
convinced of this, and it has been put in 
practice in numerous sections of Paris. 

Many opposed it, in particular the author- 
ities of Nantua, when he tried to make an 
industrial application of it in the depart- 
ment of L’Ain. In 1882 he published a 
treatise on all the types of accumula- 
tors and a very precise technical com- 
mentary on the electric lighting by ac- 
cumulators at the Theatre of the Varietes. 

Tliere are also due to him the following 
works ; 

1. The replacement of lead in the accu- 

2. The variations of electro-motive force; 
their cause and their valuation. 

3. A special accumulator invented by 
him, type copper and zinc, with his 
chemical tlieory. 

4. The application of accumulators for 



lighting (1884) and traction of tramways ; 
their application to the propulsion of 

lie was continually improving accu- 
mulators atid in collaboration with Faure 
and Siemen introduced many new types. 
We owe to him a large number of articles in 
the technical journals, such as Nature, 
The Electric Light, L' Electricien, all 
of which were original, showing no 
traces of compilation. lie made numerous 
communications to the Academy of Sci- 
ences and the Society of Physics, and at 
the last international congress of electricity 
in 1889, he attracted much attention by 
his study on the activity and work of 
voltaic couples. Outside of all these 
we owe him the following productions : 
“ Electric Piles and Accumulators — Tech- 
nical Researches,” “ Electric Traction by 
Accumulators Applied to the Tramways of 
Paris,” ‘‘ Elementary Treatise on the 
Voltaic Accumulator,” “ The Voltameter 

Very recently we were present at the fac- 
tory of Durafort, and we witnessed conclus- 
ive experiments upon his elastic accumula- 
tor, destined for the navy. All competent 
persons there realized that this liad made 
material progress over everything else done 
in that line up to this time. Reynier would 
have derived immense profits from this 
had he not been snatched away by death. 

His was a loyal, honest, patriotic nature ; 
a man of heart and honor in the most 
complete conception of the word. Yet 
though his mildne.<s was proveibial, he be- 
came intractable towards all that was not 
irreproachably right and correct. In sum- 
ming up his character we find it noble 
under all aspects and bid adieu to this in- 
corruptible man with profound emotion. 

Through a pneumatic tube seven hun- 
dred miles in length letters are whirled 
between Paris and Berlin in thirty-five 
minutes— at a speed of twenty miles a 

The Decision of a Great Suit in Favor 
of Mr. Thomas A. Edison. 

In the United States Circuit Court of 
Api^eals, Judge AVallace 2 )residing, a great 
triumph was recently achieved for the 
Edison Electric Light Co. It is decided 
that any form of incandescent lamp is an 
infringement on Edison’s patent. 

The long-contested filament case, which 
was brought before the courts in 1885, is 
now terminated, the decree of the United 
States Court of Appeals (which is a court 
of last resort in patent cases) being final 
and conclusive. This information was 
received at the offices of Messrs. Eaton 
and Lewis, solicitors of record for the 
Edison interest. 

Tne decision in the American court 
gives the monopoly of the incandescent, 
electric light to the Edison Company in 
this country ; while the English decisions 
have done the same thing in England. 
Mr. Edison is now recognized as the 
inventor of the incandescent system of 
lighting, and discoverer of the low press- 
ure, high resistance and the filament 
principle. The Edison Company gains by 
this decision probably §40,000.000 to§50,- 
000 000 back damages, and §2,000,000 each 

A Storage Battery Whose Current Will 
Last From Three to Five Years. 

The following, taken from the Sii7i, 
bears all the impress of truth reflected 
from that luminous sheet, with whose 
mott(>, “ If you see it in the iS'«», it’s so,” 
New Yorkers are pretty familiar. At any 
rate, people knowing what proportions this 
industry is assuming hope Dr. Biwan’s in- 
vention will fully meet their expectations. 
It says : 

Dr. Winfield S. Bryan, a local electrician, 
has made a discovery in the shape of a 
practically self-sustaining storage battery. 
He has had long experience in electrical 
matters. He has been working on his in- 



vention for two years, and he now promises 
to work svonders in the mechanical world. 

Dr. Bryan’s battery is wholly different 
from anything of the kind heretofore man- 
ufactured. Not yet being protected by 
patents he will not tell what his secret is, 
except in a general way. A combination 
of chemicals, altogether new, is made, and 
their action is so slow, yet strong, that the 
current generated wilf last with constant 
use, from estimates now made, from three 
to five years. 

An ordinary battery is good only for 
twelve hours. The inventor throws a little 
light on his secret by saying that a reversal 
of the current causes a reoxidization of the 
chemicals, thus strengthening the batterv. 

To Guard Against the Baggage 

The Bradbnry-Stone Storage Battery 
Co., of Lowell, Mass., are constantly de- 
vising means to guard against the careless- 
ness of express companies who are the bete 
noire of the storage battery business. 

Mr. J. S. Stone, Secretary of this com- 
pany, called recently to see us and in 
reference to this subject said, “It is abso- 
lutely necessary that a battery should be 
ironclad, so to speak.” 

He had with him a small cell, which he 
shoAved a Phonogram reporter, that 
seemed to ansAver eA'ery requisite. 

The battery is imbedded in a rubber 
cushion, has strong flexible acid proof lugs, 
insulated from the cover. It is set up in 
a handsomely finished hardwood cabinet^ 
dovetailed and glued. 

A hard rubber tubing one and one- 
quarter inch in diameter with a threaded 
cover or cap to screAv on, prevents spilling 
of the acid and exposes the interior of the 
cell so that the depth of the acid solution 
can be obtained by simply removing the 
cover. Nothing could be more conA'enient 
and durable. The efficiency of the battery 
remains unquestioned. 

The Bradbury-Stone Co. are filling a 
large number of orders for these improved 

The Future TypeAvr-iter of Aluminium. 

This metal is beginning to receive from 
manufacturers, architects and artisans of 
every class the recognition to which its 
merits entitle it. The description of a 
boat constructed of aluminium appeared 
in a former issue of The Phonograai, 
and it is a well-known agent of the dec- 
orative artist, is employed in various 
handicrafts and has been the subject of 
elaborate investigation by Mr. Bolland, 
who presented the result of his researches 
to the Academy of Sciences at Paris. He 
fonnd that Avith regard to its corrodibility, 
it is not so easily attacked as iron, copper, 
lead, tin or zinc, byaii’, wine, water, beer, 
coffee, milk, oil, butter, gas, saliva, etc. 
Vinegar and salt attack it, but not to 
such an extent as renders its use undesir- 
able for domestic cooking utensils and 
similar purposes. The Germans condemn 
it for these uses, but the French do not 
sustain their opinion. In the United 
States, a typewriter has very recently been 
manufactui’ed entirely of aluminium that 
weighs only ten pounds and offers excel- 
lent resistance to the strain to which con- 
tinual use subjects all machinery. 

As a creditable example of New York journal- 
ism combining ibe utile et dulce and drawing 
from all quariers of the globe and all ranks in 
life ideas illustrative of whatever passes that 
may tend to build up trade and attract attention 
to its establishment, commend us to Ruymond' s 
Monthly. Its cuts sIioav as much dexterity in art 
as they do keenness of wit. 

Dr. J. rilount Bleyer has written an article for 
the American Athenceum and The Phonogram 
on “ The Phonograph as a Collector of the Voices 
of Great People,” thus furnishing the founda- 
tion of a phonographic library'. This article will 
appear simultaneously in the November issue 
of these magazines. 

The Eastern Electric Light and Storage Battery 
Co., Lowell, Mass, seems to be gaining a great 
headway' among the phonograph companies, 
who pronoiince this battery as “a model of 


BY G. W. X. TOST. 

Typewriting is a subject that deeply 
interests all boys and girls before they 
finish their common school education, 
for, with its twin brothers, shorthand 
and the phonograph, it provides such an 
easy and rapid means of promotion. All 
of you can doubtless recall an instance in 
your own neighborhood, where some 
ambitious boy or girl took up the study 
of shorthand and typewriting. These 
proved to be stepping stones from which 
they were in short time advanced from 
the position of a mere clerk, where they 
otherwise would be to day, to that of 
amanuensis or correspondent ; then to 
the position of confidential or private 
secretary, and finally to a partnership or 
the trusted official of the firm or company. 
Or, if they happened to get into another 
channel, they rose from the genei-al start- 
ing point — that of amanuensis — to be a 
court re|iorter, which is very renumera- 
tive and honorable, and from that 
position it is an easy step to that of 
attorney-at-law or editor of a newspaper. 
Thousands of men and women occupying 

prominent and lucrative positions in the 
business and political world owe it prin- 
cipally to the assistance of the typewriter 
and shorthand. 

Look back fifty or one hundred years, 
or even less, and see how limited were the 
resources of a boy or girl, especially the 
latter, who happened to be thrown on the 
world to look out for “ number one.” 

Compare it with the present time, when 
an inexperienced }mutli of sixteen or 
seventeen can with a few months’ study 
obtain a position which will pay him from 
two to four dollars per day. This is more 
than many able-bodied men can make 
who have spent years in learning a trade, 
or who work hard all day with the hod or 

You can then see what an immense 
advancement has been made towards 
putting girls and boys on an equality with 
men, and what you all owe to these two 

The typewriters that you see to-day are 
greatly improved over the first crude 
machines. They embody a great deal of 



thought and experiment and represent 
the outlay of vast sums of money. A 
brief account of the growth and develop- 
ment of some of the machines may be of 
interest to you. 

When our attention was first called to 
the odd and clumsy looking machine first 
brought out at Milwaukee, in 1868, by 
Sholes and Glidden, it was looked upon 
as a mere toy. It was thought to be a 
good thing to show up the common mis- 
takes people make in spelling and punc- 
tuation, and might therefore be useful in 
the education of the young, but very few 
thought it would ever be used to any 
extent by business or professional people. 
When we began to see the large field of 
usefulness it might some day occupy and 
outlined the same to a few friends, we 
were laughed at, ridiculed and pronounced 
visionary, and that word “visionary” has 
followed us ever since. 

The boys and girls of the present day 
cannot imagine, when they see the type- 
writer in use in every large business 
house, how great was the prejudice 
against it, and how difficult it was to get 
the machines so far perfected that they 
could be used, and then to get them 

When people began, with a good deal of 
hesitation and distrust, to send out their 
letters printed, they were frequently 
returned by the indignant recipients, who 
felt insulted by the implication that they 
could not read writing and that it was 
necessary to print letters to them. Yes, 
indeed, jieople felt that it was a refiection 
on their education, and it was not con- 
sidered polite er in good taste to send out 
printed letters. It might do for circulars. 
We know young ladies to day who would 
be greatly offended and who would make 
it pretty “ warm ” for the young man who 
would dare to send them a letter printed 
in cold, unfeeling type. 

We think the introduction of the type- 

writer in this field of literary (?) work will 
be very slow, and, in fact, we are willing to 
count it out when it comes to writing love 

This same idea that it is not in good 
taste to write your letters with a type- 
writer exi.sts to a certain extent in foreign 
countries, and in England, we are told, 
lawyers who may find it convenient, on 
account of the saving in time and S] ace, 
to prepare their manuscript on the type- 
writer, have them written out in long- 
hand before making use of them. Don’t 
you think they must be a better class of 
penmen over there than the average 
lawyer in this country ? 

When the first machine, afterwards 
called “ Remington No. 1,” was put on 
the market, it found few friends. After 
struggling a few years, it was acknowl- 
edged by the makers to be a failure from 
a business standpoint. About three 
thousand had been sold or given away, 
most of which were afterwards exchanged 
for the later machines. You will seldom 
see one of them now in use. 

One thing that prevented its general 
adoption was the fact that it used only 
capital letters. How to get the small 
letters without making the machine too 
large and having too many keys was the 

When we finally thought of putting two 
type on one bar and arranging the roller 
or platen so that it could be shoved back 
by means of a shift-key so that the capital 
letter would print instead of the small 
letter, it was at once acknowledged that 
something might be done with it. How 
we took these improvements to the factory 
of E. Remington & Sons, Ilion, N. Y. , 
and contracted with them to make the 
improved machine and allow them to call 
it the “ Remington ” is a matter of history 
which all of you may know. The machine, 
which was put upon the market by E. 
Remington & Sons about thirteen years 



ago, and called the “Kemington Standard 
Typewriter No. 2,” is as familiar to you 
as the sewing machine. 

It has undergone since that time but 
few and comparatively unimportant 
changes. It is to-day, practically, the 
same machine, working on the same 
principle and with the same inherent 
peculiarities that have always characterized 

We were alive to the fact that the use of 
a shift-key was in some respects objection- 
able. It requires the use of two hands, 
or two or more motions to produce a 
capital letter. It also requires a loose 
carriage which has to slide backward and 
forward, and which has always been more 
or less shaky. 

We began to work to see if this diffi- 
culty could not be overcome, and the 
result of this investigation was the Cali- 
graph in 1880. It was the original inten- 
tion to name it the “Yost,” but we 
thought best to reserve that name, so the 
name “ Caligraph ” (the beautiful writer) 
was given to it. You are all familiar with 
this machine. While it has more positions 
for the fingers to learn, it does away with 
the troublesome “shift” and has a 
carriage which does not “wobble.” It is 
generally believed to be more durable, and 
to maintain its alignment better, because 
its type-bars are better supported and the 
carriage more rigid. While the Caligrajjh 
has found many thousands of staunch 
friends and users, we have always felt 
that it was not as easy to learn as the 
other machine, because there were so many 
more positions or keys to locate, and 
because the different rows of keys did not 
all require the same amount of force to 
print properly. Its key levers varied so in 
length, from the short ones at the bottom 
to the long ones at the top of the key- 
board, that if you would strike the upper 
keys as hard as it was necessary to print 
with the lower ones, the writing would be 

too heavy and vice versa. This, of course, 
has been largely overcome, but still it will 
always exist to some extent. Then, again, 
we avoided putting any more characters 
on it than was absolutely necessary, for it 
made the machine too large and incon- 
venient to handle. It originally had but 
seventy-two characters, while the Reming- 
ton had seventy-six. Of course you must 
understand that it was no easy matter to 
bring the machines to the degi-ee of 
perfection now attained. A great many 
parts and designs were made and discarded. 
You would hardly believe the amount of 
time and money that was expended to 
bring them to the state of perfection you 
see to-day. 

The earlier machines all printed through 
an inked ribbon. Most of them do yet. 
The ribbon itself has been greatly im- 
proved since those early days. Various 
attempts were made to discard the ribbon, 
but it was not successful, except in the 
cheaper machines worked with one hand. 

We never looked upon the ribbon in any 
other light than that of a substitute. It 
was not like real printing. It could never 
prodirce as neat and uniform work as the 
type direct It was not like the printing 
press. It would never do to use a ribbon 
on that. Therefore, we were never fully 
satisfied. We thought we had produced 
some pretty good machines, but they were 
never up to our highest ideal. 

A few 3 "ears after the Caligraph was 
offered to the public and found such a 
cordial reception, we developed a very 
peculiar mechanical movement. It has 
since been styled the “grasshopper” 
movement. Experiments were made with 
it which enabled us to turu the type face 
outward, away from the point of printing, 
instead of facing it, as in the others. This 
allowed us to use in place of the ribbon a 
piece of felt pad, properly inked, against 
which the type struck and rested when 
not in use. The first machine we made 



with this form of type-bar satisfied ns 
that great progress had been made. 

Then a center guide, or piece of steel 
with a hole in the center, just large enough 
to admit the type and hold it securely, 
was brought into use. 

We found this made the line of printing, 
or alignment, as it is called, more perma- 
nent. It also did away with the necessity 
for tight bearings in the type-bars. We 
found it worked easier and faster and 
proved to be much more durable. Any 
ordinary wear of the ])arts did not affect 
the alignment. It had to print in line. 

It was found by the time the first ma- 
chines were completed they had cost a 
large amount of money, and then they did 
not satisfy us. 

We would theorize and plan the best we 
could, but when we came to an actual test, 
some nimble- fingered girl or boy would 
point out some defect we had overlooked. 
The final result of all this you will see in 
the “ New Yost.” This machine has 
found a great many very strong friends. 

All of you who have ever examined the 
typewriter and given it any thoug’ht have 
probably looked forward to the time when 
we would have a machine which would do 
everything tliat was required of it, and at 
the same time be entirely free from the 
defects we are so familiar with in all the 
machines that have thus far been pro- 
duced. We believe you will agree with us 
that the “ typewriter of the future ” will 
not employ a ribbon, will print from steel 
type direct and will never print out of line 
besides combining in itself all the smaller 
yet imjDortant advantages now seen in the 
numerous machines. We are in hopes 
that the “New Yost” will reach this ideal. 

You must know, of course, that there 
are a great many typewriters besides the 
three we have been discussing. All of 
them have some special features and ad- 
vantages not found in any of the others. 
They are all more or less meritorious. 

There is another class of typewriter 
called “wheel machines,” on which we 
have not dwelt, preferring to discuss only 
those with which we have been identified. 

We desire to impress upon you that the 
typewriter is hardly out of its cradle. Its 
importance in the business world to-day is 
not realized, and the extent to which is 
will some day be used, the most enthusias- 
tic have not been able to comprehend. 
You will probably live to see that more 
typewi-iters will be sold during the coming 
thirty years than there have been sewing 
machines during the past thirty years. 
They will not only be in the office of all 
business and professional people, but also 
in all schools and colleges. No home 
will be considered complete without its 
typewriter for the children to practice on 
as soon as they are able to read, for the 
typewriter is the best known means for 
teaching children spelling, punctuation, 
paragraphing, capitalizing, the proper 
division of words and other things which 
all children should know. 

Telegraphic messages will be sent by it 
instead of the Morse alphabet, and they 
will be printed out at the receiving station 
just as they are sent. The recording of 
legal documents and government records 
will be printed in large books by means of 
the typewriter, and most of the books in 
business houses will be kept in the same 
way. A machine has already been in- 
vented for this purpose, though it may 
not as yet be practicable. The pen will 
be virtually discarded and the reign of the 
poor penman who takes up so much of our 
time to decipher his hieroglyphics will 

At the risk of being again thought 
“visionary” we earnestly advise all girls 
and buys not to consider their education 
complete until they have learned to be ex- 
pert in the use of the typewriter. If you 
do not intend to become stenographers or 
amanuenses, you will need the knowledge 
in business as well as in private life. Any 
girl or boy who is really expert, who can 
wiite seventy to one hundred words ]ier 
minute correctly from dictation, is pretty 
well educated and fitted for a life of iise- 
fulness, but do not forget that correctness 
is far more important than speed, is 
absolutely necessary to enable you to com- 
pete with others, and to secure the best 

The world has not as yet awakened to 
the wonderfid speed and usefulness and 
wide distribution which in time this little 
machine is destined to attain. 



Pfiono (Jbac. 

The New EoglaDd Phonograpli Co.’s exhibit 
at the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanics’ Fair, 
which will remain open during the month of 
November, is both creditable and successful. 
One space is devoted entirely to the commercial 
phonograph. This is tastefully arranged with 
Brussels carpets and portieres, anddecorated with 
Japanese fans and umbrellas and a large portrait 
of Mr. Edison hangs on the walls. The whole is in 
charge of Mr. F. A. Ashcroft, of the central 
office, who is constantly on hand to reply to com- 
munications and give such as desire an oppor- 
tunity to see the actual use of the machine. 
Letters are dictated to the phonograph every five 
minutes by Mr. Ashcroft and given to typewriters, 
three in number, to transcribe, and these are 
passed to the public. 

By courtesy of the Smith Premier Typewriter 
Co., three of these splendid machines have been 
put in the exhibit free of expense. 

In a different location in the building the 
company has placed seventeen automatic phono- 
graphs and one multiple lube machine, which are 
attended by Messrs. Reed and Walker. Many 
curious remarks are made by people who listen 
to the wonderful records. The baud records 
take well, also the “ Casey ” series which nightly 
cause shouts of laughter. The wonderful songs 
of W. F. Denny are not equalled by any phono- 
graph company. 

* * * 

A paper was read by Dr. J. Mount Bleyer be- 
fore the American Therapeutical Association, on 
October 5th, at the Academy of Medicine, on 
“ The Fundamental Principles Underlying the 
Phonograph and Its Adoption in Medical and 
Other Sciences.” A synopsis of this lecture will 
be given with illustrations in the November 
issue of The Phonogram. Also an account of 
Dr. Bleyer’s wonderful phonographic library, 
containing the records of more celebrated per- 
sonages than any in existence. 

« • « 

The regular meeting of the officers of the New 
England Phonograph Co. was held at the offices 
of Messrs. Lowrey, Stone & Auerbach, Drexel 
Building, New York City, on October 19th, 
when the following officers were duly elected : 
President, General A. P. Martin ; vice-presi- 
dent, Mr. J. B. Metcalf; treasurer, Mr. Eugene 
N. Foss ; secretary, Mr. L. E. Evans. The gen- 
eral manager submitted his report, showing the 

company to be in a very satisfactory condition, 
both financially and otherwise. 

* * • 

The annual meeting of the New England 
Phonograph Co. was held in Gardiner, Me., 
on the first Monday of October, and the reports 
of the president and treasurer for the preceding 
year were submitted and unanimously adopted. 
The following directors were chosen for the 
ensuing year : A, P. Marlin, J. B. Gleason, J. 
B. Metcalf, Bleecker Van Wagenen, J. H. Hig- 
gins, Schuyler Quackenbush, Eugene N. Foss, 
A. M. Sherwood, J. H. Lee, Chas. A. Cheever, 
J. S. Auerbach, Homer W. Nichols, L. E. Evans. 
Mr. George L. Rogers was chosen clerk of the 
corporation for the ensuing year. 

* * * 

Rev. T. N. Eaton, pastor of the Oakland M. 
E. Church, Pittsburgh, is using the phono- 
graph with considerable success in taking his 
sermons. He has a speaking tube running from 
the pulpit to the basement, where his son repeats 
the sermon to the phonograph. This is verbatim 
reporting. He said recently to a Phonogram 
reporter, that after ihe first trial he was perfectly 
satisfied with the result. The whole sermon and 
two prayers were taken down with perfect ease. 

* * * 

The annual meeting of the stockholders of the 
Columbian Phonograph Co. was held at the 
principal office of the companj’, Washington, 
D. C., on October 17th. 

The old Board of Directors was re-elected as 
follows : 

E. D. Easton, Chapin Brown, Benjamin Dur- 
fee, C. H. Ridenour and W. H. Smith. 

The annual report showed a net increase in 
business of twenty-five per cent over the pre 
vious year, without substantial increase in ex- 
penses. The company earned during the year 
between ten and twelve per cent on its capital 

Special attention has been paid to the develop- 
ment of the business in Baltimore, which is in a 
most flourishing condition. 

The sale of musical records shows a very large 
increase over the previous businessjyear ; indeed, 
progress has been the watchword along every line 
of the enterprise. 

The directors organized by re-electing officers 
as follows : 

President, Edward D. Easton|; vice-president 
and treasurer, Wm. Herbert Smith; secretary, 
R. F. Cromelin. 

tt • * 

The novel experiment tried by the New Eng- 



land Pbonograph Co. a year ago is being re- 
peated in the foyer of the Park Theatre, Boston, 
that is, several automatic phonographs are placed 
there, which reproduce tlie music of the Opera 
“1492, "now being played by Rice’s Prize Co. Sev- 
eral members of the company have sung to the 
phonographs and these songs are reproduced for 
the benefit of the public. This creates a desire on 
the part of some who have not heard the opera 
to see it and to criticise the reproductions. 

« # * 

Dr. J. F. Cowan, of the M. P. Board of Publi- 
cation, Pittsburgh, Pa., has two phonographs, a 
motor and a treadle. This gentleman told a 
Pittsburgh agent recently, that he could do his 
work with much more ease and less fatigue than 
formerly, and that he believed that it would be 
impossible to get along without the machines. 

* * * 

The phonograph is being used with great suc- 
cess by the reporters of the Superior and Circuit 
Courts of Milwaukee, Racine, Kenosha and Elk- 
horn, Wisconsin. 

* * * 

Mr. H. D. Goodwin, w'ho does the largest 

general reporting business in Wisconsin, dic- 

tates his work to the phonograph. He dictated 
seven thousand words to the machine on October 
3d in forty minutes, and the transcript w-as re- 
turned in a very short time thereafter without 
an error. This is at the rate of one hundred and 
seventy-five words a minute and is about his 
average rate of dictation to the machine. 

Dictation at the rate of two hundred and 
twenty-five words a minute to the machine has 
been transcribed from the phonograph by Mr. 
Goodwin’s corps of transcribers without error. 

* «■ * 

With an educated and accomplished tran- 
scriber it is never uecessar)’’ to compare phono- 
graph transcript. It is always necessary to com- 
pare shorthand transcript. 

* * * 

Col. Chas. King dictates all his novels to the 

* * * 

The great lithographing house of Beck & 
Pauli find the phonograph especially serviceable 
for foreign correspondence. 

* * * 

The Edward P. Allis Co., the largest engine- 
makers in the country, use the phonograph. 

* * * 

The Wisconsin Phonograph Co. is using an 
entirely novel start and stop device which can 

readily be attached to any phonograph. The 
device is very cheap. It stops the main shaft 
without raising the needle from the cylinder; 
thus the transcriber never loses place. The stop 
and start are instant and automatic. 


Mr. Thomas R. Lombard has returned to 
Chicago, where he is actively engaged at present 
in arranging for the exhibit of phonographs at 
the World’s Fair. Mr. Lombard will prol)ably 
spend much of his time hereafter in that city. 

Colonel August N. Sampson paid his respects 
to The Phonogram recently. The Colonel is 
looking well and is evidently pleased with the 
progress which the phonograph is making under 
the new regime, namely, unrestricted sales. 

Mr. Walter S. Gray, manager of the Chicago 
Central Phonograph Co., has sent an interesting 
letter which is crowded out of this issue, but will 
appear in November. Mr. Gray says: “ Prospects 
were never brighter than now for a prosperous 
business. All our rented machines are being 
used and many of them will be bought, as we 
have now adopted the sale system.’’ 

Mr. R. L. Thomae, of the North American 
Phonograph Co., who has recently returned from 
trip to the Michigan and Western and Eastern 
Pennsylvania Phonograph Companies, left last 
week for the South, visiting the Old Dominion 
Co. in Virginia and also the Georgia and Ala- 
bama Companies. 

Mr. H. J. Conyngton, of Galveston, Texas, 
who has been connected with the phonograph 
more or less since it was first introduced, called 
on us last week. Mr. Conyngton is a brother of 
the general manager of the Texas Phonograph 
Co., and also of Mr. Hugh R. Conyngton, secre- 
taryoftheLouisiana Co. He has relinquished the 
phonograph business for the nonce, and has come 
to New York for the purpose of studying medi- 
cine. He still takes a lively interest in matters 
pertaining to tlie phonograph, and will look after 
the interests of the Texas Co. while here. 

Mr. George B. Motheral, president of the 
Western Pennsylvania Phonograph Co. and 
general agent of the Densmore typewriter, gives 
information concerning the success of the Dens- 
more in his territory. He says persons wishing 
to decide as to the supremacy among all type- 
writers should try them all before arriving at a 
conclusion. A board of experts appointed by 
the government to test them all pronounces the 
“Densmore” the best, its speed, durability and 
perfect alignment rendering it admirable to work 



“My Motto is One Business for One 

Washington, D. C., Oct. 14, 1892. 

Dear Sir: — I have noticed, at various times, 
copies of tlie phonograpli magazine left at my 
office.' I have several times returned it to the 
post-office. I never subscribed for this, and 
would like to know why you send it to me. I 
would not give a d — for the magazine or the 
phonograph. Resp’y, P. J. Lockwood. 

Ottawa, Canada, Oct. 10, 1892. 

Editor Phonogram ; — We are glad to learn 
that Mr. H. Miner has dropped into line, and is 
keeping pace with the maich of progress. A 
practical stenographer who does not recognize 
the value of the phonograph, and avail himself 
of the aid it supplies, is like a survival from the 
sixteenth century, who would rather travel on 
horseback than on a Pullman car. He is losing 
valuable time and is wasting his energy in an 
age when life is a rush from swaddling clothes 
to shroud. Geo. C. Holland. 

Bradbury-Stone Storage Battery Co. 

Lowell, Mass., October 17, 1892. 

Editor Phonogram : — The news from Dover, 
N. H., is to the effect that a car equipped with 
our system has been doing wonderful work. 

A road comprised of hills only — one six per 
cent, two seven per cent, one nine and one-half 
per cent, one eleven and one-half per cent and 
others varying from one to five per cent were 
easily ridden and excellent time made with the 
same. Size of cell that is used for phonographs 
delivering at times one hundred and forty 
ampere currents. 

Yours very truly, 

Frank J. Stone, Secretary. 

Authors and Publishers. 

Mr. James L. Andem, of Cincinnati, has pre- 
sented in book form to the public a manual 
which not only fills the functions of a teacher, 
to all desiring to learn how to operate the phono- 
graph, but answers as a wide mecum for persons 
whose memories need refreshing after having 
acquired the art. 

It gives explicit and important details, fur- 
nishes a vocabulary for this new profession, puts 
the student and his instrument at one with each 
other, and so encourages people to buy, because 
they see that the pathway has been cleared for 
them, and they can go on their journey without 
encountering obstacles. 

The Cosmopolitan embraces, as usual, a great 
variety of literary pabulum. One must indeed 
be difficult to entertain, or crammed with learn- 
ing, if he cannot therein find the wherewithal 
to please and satisfy. 

The topics run from grave to gay, “ from 
lively to severe,” and rather remind one of the 
diverse elements included in one of Shakespeare’s 
dramas, where sentiment, passion and the whole 
train of human characteristics are commingled 
and displayed in turn. 

Such well-known writers as Murat Halstead, 
Edgar Fawcett, et id omne genus, constitute 
a tower of strength to any enterprise, whether 
literary, scientific or artistic. 

It is difficult to estimate the value of the sub- 
ject matter included in the October number of 
the Review of Reviews. The average American 
thirsting for just such information and knowl- 
edge can here quench his thirst. First and 
foremost, as being of paramount importance, the 
notice “ of the first parliament of religions.” giv- 
ing a just idea of the scope that congress designs 
to reach, is most satisfying, inasmuch as it shows 
how wide and deep will be the effort to carry 
out its object. The article of Count D’Alviella 
is worthy of his theme, and when he speaks of 
the attempt made by science to uproot religion, 
and the revenge taken by the latter, he confers a 
benefit by directing the minds of the reflecting 
world to the issue. 

Mr. Stead prepares an analysis of the material 
composing the British Cabinet which is doubtless 
correct. Tlie opening paragraphs were too 
speculative and vague to repay certain readers, 
but we have only to thank him for what comes 
after, since he has means of obtaining facts relat- 
ing to those men that others are unable to se- 

Reading Notices. 

There are nearly a quarter of a million type- 
writers in use. Jno. Undewood & Co., 30 
Vesey street, supplies these machines with more 
ribbons than all the rest of the manufacturers 
combined. He was one of the early users of the 
phonograph for his correspondence and has 
steadily increased their number. 

During the Columbian celebration in this city 
G. A. Hill, manager of Typewriter Exchange, 10 
Barclay street, was overrun with business. 
His prices and courteous attention to customers 
guarantees him against dull seasons. 



657 Washington Street, 


Phonog^raplis sold (without restrict! ns). 

Plionog^raplis rented for Commercial purposes. 

Plionog^rapli Records manufactured and for sale in larger 
variety and of finer quality than to be found anywhere e se in the 
United States and at Lower Prices. 

Phonograpli supplies on hand and for sale. 

Send for circulars, read, be convinced, purchase or rent. 




President and General Manager of the OHIO PHONOGRAPH COMPANY. 

For table of CONTENTS, see September number of “THE PHONOGRAM.” 

“ Will answer a decided necessity in the Phonograph business.'’— Kansas Phono. Co. 

“ Your experience has enabled you to treat the subject accurately and comprehensively. ’’—Colombia Phonograph Co, 
“ Of great value to all users of tlie Phonograph.” — Holland Buothkks. 

Bound in cloth, illuminated title, in gill, 64 page.s, with references to 33 separate parts of 
the Phonograph, illustrated by cut and figures. Price ^1.00, postage paid. Address 

Tlxe Oliio Oo., 

220 Walnut Street, Cl NCI N N ATI, O. 


The North American Phonograph Co., 


— FOR — 

Recording, Perpetuating and Reproducing Articulate Speech and other Sounds. 

Principal Offices: 44 BROAD STREET. NEW YORK. 

LIST OT* ^G;-I33^J'TS 

(Kach exclusiTe for the Territory uamed). 




Alabama Phonograph Co., 

Anniston, Ala., 


Conyugton, Sellers & Coii- 1 
yngtou, 5 

Jackson, Miss., 

The State of Mississippi. 

Columbia Phonograph Co., 

Washington, D. C. 

Delaware, Maryland, and Dist. of Columbia. 

Colorado and Utah “ “ 

Denver, Col., 


Chicago Cen’l “ “ 

Chicago, 111., 

Cook County, Illinois. 

Eastern Penu’a “ 

Philadelphia, Penn., 

Eastern part of State of Pennsylvania. 


.lacksonville, Fla., 


Georgia “ “ 

Atlanta, Ga., 


George W. Grant, 

246 5th St., L’sville, Ky. 


Holland Bros., 

Ottawa, Onl., 


Iowa Phonograph Co., 

Sioux City, Iowa, 


Kansas “ “ 

Topeka, Kan., 

Kansas and New Mexico. 

Kentucky •* “ 

Louisville, Ky. 


Leeds & Co., 

Indianapolis, Ind., 


Louisiana Phonograph Co., 

New Orleans, La., 


Michigan “ “ 

Detroit, Mich., 


Missouri “ 

St. Louis, Mo., 

Missouri, Arkansas and Indian Territory. 

Minnesota “ “ 

Minneapolis, Minn., 



Helena, Mont., 


New England “ “ 

Boston, Mass., 

New England States. 

New York “ “ 

New York, N. Y., 

New York State. 

Nebraska “ “ 

Omaha, Neb., 

Eastern part of State of Nebraska. 

New Jersey “ 

Newark, N. J., 

New Jersey, 


Cincinnati, Ohio, 


Old Dominion “ “ 

Roanoke, Va., 

Virginia, North and South Carolina. 


San Francisco, Cal., 

Arizona, California and Nevada. 

Spokane “ “ 

Spokane Falls, Wash., 

(Oregon, East 44“ long.; Washington, 44“ 

( long., and Idaho. 

South Dakota “ 

Sioux Falls, So. Dak., 

South Dakota. 

State Phono. Co., of Illinois, 

Chicago, 111., 

State of Illinois, exclusive of Cook County. 

Texas Phonograph Co., 

Galveston, Texas, 


West Penn. “ “ 

Pittsburgh, Penn., 

West, part of State of Pa. and West Virginia. 

Wisconsin “ “ 

Milwaukee, Wis., 


West Coast “ “ 

Portland. Ore., 

( Oregon, West 44“ long.; Washington, West 
( 44“ long. 

Wyoming “ 

Cheyenne, Wy. Ter., 


deal with the public only through our Agents. Please note list carefully b efore enter- 
ing orders, and order from the Agent for State in which you reside or wish to use the machines. 



The New Special No. 3 Caligraph has met with universal 
favor because it has two interchangeable platens, which can 
be adjusted in less than thirty seconds, enabling an opera- 
tor to produce the work of two machines from one ; because 
it has a positive ribbon movement, which presents a fresh 
surface of the ribbon for each type impression ; because it 
has a wheel dog stay and six additional characters ; be- 
cause it has a hollow type bar, which gives lightness and 
strength ; because it has an adjustable type hanger, which 
gives permanent alignment ; because it has a key for every 
character and an adjustable feed guide. In fact, the Special 
No. 3 Caligraph is the acme of perfection in typewriters. 




Branch Offices: \ Fourth iVreit'^Ciniiinati. I Branch Factory, Coventry, England. 

Mention Tue Piionookam. 

Correspondence, briefs, specifications or literary 
compositionmay be recorded onthe phonograph ,t be 
transcribed later by any one who can operate a type- 
writer. In this field it is steadily making its way. 
Business machine, with Storage Battery, etc., sold 
or leased. Prices given on application to 




Jerome B. Howard, Editor. 

The authentic or<j€in of the lienn Pitman Sys^ 
tern of Phonography, 

40 JPag:eH, Monthly. Si* 5 o a Vear, 



Cincinnati, O, 


Largest like establishment in the world. First- 
class becoud-hand Instruments at half new prices. 
Unprejudiced advice given on ail makes. Ma- 
chines sold on monthly payments. Any instru- 
ment manufactured shipped, privilege to examine. 
to dealers. Illustrated Catalogues Free. 

TYPEWRITER j 31 Broadway, New York. 
HEADQUARTERS, ( 186 Monroe St., Chicago. 


3 9999 08672 514 8 





1. SPEED. 

You can dictate as rapidly as you please, and are never 
asked to repeat. 


You dictate alone, at any hour of day or night that suits 
your convenience. 


During dictation operator can be employed with other 
work. Operators make twice the speed in writing out that 
is possible from shorthand notes. 


The phonograph can only repeat what has been said to it. 


You are independent of your operator. It is easy to re- 
place a typewriter ^Tierator, but a competent stenographer 
is hard to find. 


The cost of an outfit added to salary of operator is less 
than that of a stenographer, and results obtained far 


The method is so simple that no time need be lost in learn- 
ing it. You can commence work AT ONCE. 


The phonograph needs no vacation. Does not grumble at 
any amount of over-work. 


The most progressive business houses are now using 
phonographs, and indorse them enthusiastically. Do you 
want to be up with the times ? If so, 


You can have phonographs sent you on trial, and return 
them if they fail to do what is claimed. 


from the original plates, of the World’s greatest inventor, 


taken at different periods of his life, with autograph attached. Hi s 

Birthplace, Interior and Exterior Tiews ol “Glenmont,” his 

present beautiful home in Llewellyn Park, N. J., and surroundings; 
of his great Laboratory, at Orange, N. J., with its wondrous inven- 
tions, the Phonograph, etc., etc., which cannot be obtained elsewhere. 
These photographs are Copyrighted, limited in number and will be 
sold to the first applicants at the following prices : 

Library, Electrical Dept., Chemical Dept., Shops, (interior at 
Laboratory), Outside views of Laboratory, The Edison “ Den,” or 
Study, Residence of Edison, Birthplace of Edison, Edison at work in 
Chemical Department, Entrance to Llewellyn Park, “Glenmont,” 
Residence of Edison, Edison listening to the Phonograph, Edison 
at 14, Grand Trunk Herald, printed by Edison at 14. 

II X 14 on 14X 17 Cards, 


7x9 on 8 X 10 gilt edge, or 10 x 

12 plain, 1.50 

10x12 bust, Mr. Edison, 


8 X 10 “ 

with Autograph, 


5x7 bust, Mr. Edison, 

- 1. 00 

Cabinets, ... 


Orders promptly filled by V. H. McRae, Manager, Phonogram,” 
Room 87, World Building, New York. 

(call and see.) 



Typewriter Ribbons. Caligraph Ribbons. 

Hammond Ribbons. Carbon Papers. 

Smith Premier Ribbons. Pads for Yost Typewriter. 


Sixx>I5l±©s ±oar* -A.].! IKI±aDL<3-s o£ IMIa<o~h,i -n ea. 

1S3 La Salle St., Chicago, lU. 
lO Johnston St., Toronto, Ont, 

lEWOOD & € 0 ., 

30 Vesey St., New York. 

SEisrx) FOR pxtxcE-x.xsrr. 


SSS©€1©2P2gi SiSsaiBjIate©. 




Writing Always in Plain Sight, 
Automatic Line Spacing, 

Powerful Manijolder, 
Light Running, 

Automatic Ribbon Feed Reverse, 
Pei'nianent Alignment, 

tTnZimited Speed, 


F3:?ic©5 SlOO Coiixi>l©-b©- 


Pai'xc©, ^llO Coxn.jple-t>3. 


The Columbia Typewriter Manufacturing Co.,