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'/■ 



V) 



PUBLIC AND PRIVATE LIBRARIES 



OF GLASGOW 



Four Hundred and Fifty Copies P tainted. 



Public and Private 



Libraries of Glasgow 



BY 

THOMAS :^ASON 

Librarian of the Stirlinff's and Glasgow Public Library, Glasgow 



" O for a Booke and a ahadie nooke, 

eyther in-a-doore or out. 
With the grene leaves whisp'ring overhedtt, 

or the streete cryes all about. 
Where I male Reade all at my ease, 

both of the Newe and Olde ; 
For a jollie goode Booke whereon to loukc 

is better to me than Golde." 



GLASGOW 
printed tot Subacrlbera and tor private Circulation 

THOMAS D. MORISON 

1885 



m 



• • 



TO 

FRANCIS THORNTON BARRETT 

LIBRARIAN OF THE MITCHELL LIBRARY, GLASGOW 

BY HIS AFORETIME ASSISTANT, GLAD OF THE OPPORTUNITY 
TO ACKNOWLEDGE HIS INDEBTEDNESS FOR MUCH 
HELPFUL COUNSEL AND MANY OTHER 
KINDLY SERVICES. 



389419 



PKEFACE. 

The writer embraces the convenient opportunity which 
a Preface affords to render acknowledgment of services 
given, and to make several general remarks which would 
have been out of place elsewhere. When the work was 
projected, application was made for permission to in- 
clude in it an account of the University Library, but 
the request, for sufficient reasons, could not at the time 
be granted. The University Library being out of the 
volume, it was considered advisable to make a selection 
of the other public libraries, and to give full and few 
descriptions rather than many and meagre. But, 
should the present volume meet with sufficient appre- 
ciation, perhaps a second may see the light, and 
possibly by that time the authorities at the Univer- 
sity may have their catalogue so well forward as to 
allow of an accurate and adequate description of their 
treasures. It is almost needless to say that but for 
the kindness of the respective owners of the libraries 
described this volume could not have appeared. To 
these gentlemen the writer begs to tender his most 
cordial thanks. From each of them he has received 
assistance most wilUngly and pleasantly given. To 
Mr. Alexander Macdonald he has further been in- 
debted for many valuable suggestions which have 
helped the accuracy and enhanced the value of the 
book. To the kindness of his former chief, Mr. F. T. 
Barrett, he owes the able, interesting, and suggestive 



8 PREFACE, 

history of the Mitchell Library which appears in these 
pages, as well as much other help which he takes leave 
to acknowledge in another place. 

The writer would also express his indebtedness to a 
musical friend whose wide and accurate knowledge of 
musical literature is evident from the chapter on the 
Euing Musical Library, and while doing so it will not 
be out of place to express the hope that the account of 
that valuable library given in these pages may call 
attention to its unsatisfactory state and forward the 
provision of arrangements in consonance with the 
testator's wishes and the public service. 

In his researches into the life of the founder of 
Stirling's Library the writer has received willing 
assistance from the Town-Clerk of Glasgow, Dr. J. D. 
Marwick, and from W. H. Hill, Esq., Clerk to the 
Merchants' House, Glasgow. He would also express 
his indebtedness for kindly services in connection with 
the work to Messrs John Ingram, A. C. M*Intyre, 
William Hutton, and Robert Adams, the last of whom 
is mainly responsible for the excellent index given at 
the end of the volume. Free use has been made of 
bibliographical handbooks, all of which are acknow* 
lodged at various places throughout the book. 



CONTENTS. 

INTRODUCTION. 

Defence of the book collector — Plan of the work — ^Total number of books in the lib- 
raries described— Manuscripts—Fifteenth-century printing — Bibles, psalm-books, 
and prayer-books— Witchcraft — Poetry and the drama— Shakespeare, Byron, 
Shelley, Tennyson— Scottish poetry — First edition of Bums's works — Scottish 
biography, history, and topography — A bibliographical society for Scotland — 
GUugow books— Boyd's "Last Battell of the Soule'* -Scottish Trials— Chap- 
books — Broadsides—Jerusalem and the Holy Land— General history — Fine Art — 
Angling — Alchemy— Philology — Fiction, first editions— Bibliography — Proverbs 
andAna. 13-31 

Chaftsb L 

STIRLING'S AND GLASGOW PUBLIC LIBRARY. 

The founder, his ancestors, personal appearance, will and death — Beginning of the 
library-First board of directors, ... - - 31-44 

Chaptbr n. 

The number of volumes left by BIr. Stirling— Early catalogues— Reprint of the first 
catalogue, .------•- 45-61 

Chapter III. 

Inadequacy of the Bequest— Books to be lent out -Opening of library— First lib- 
rarian- -Incidents of earlj years — Mr. James Pate— Library removed to Hutche- 
sons* Hospital — Affairs m confusion : inquiry and report— John Struthera— 
Alterations on the constitution — New buildings— Amalgamation of Glasgow 
Public Library— Scouler Bequest— Decline of the library, • - 61-74 

Chapter IV. 

Appointment of new librarian— Increase in membership and issue— Stocktaking- - 
Arrangement of the books— Difficulty of classifying the library while in use — 
Want of room— Scheme of classification— Growth of the library — Prominent 
directors — Vice-presidents— Bailie Bogle — William Euin^ — Blichael Connal- 
Treasurers— Secretaries— Robert Reid,"Senex"— Interesting donation— Present 
board of directors — Donors — Manuscripts, .... 7.5-86 

Chapter V. 

Fifteenth-century printed books— Valuable copy of the New Testament — Dante's 
"Divina Commedia,** rare 1481 edition— Professor Julianus Guzzlemus — Bibles 
and other rare and valuable books — Summary, - . . . 86-100 

Chapter VI. 

THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 

The founder — Terms of the Bequest— Constitution of the library— First library com- 
mittee-r Leading principles followed in the formation and management of the 
library— Purchase of the library of Professor Innes, of books from the library of 
Professor Stevenson, and of Euing duplicates in the library of the University of 
Glasgow — Temporary premises secured, . - . . . 101-112 

Chapter VII. 

Appointment of Mr. F. T. Barrett as librarian — Other officers— Catholicity and com- 
prehensiveness aimed at in the purchase of books— Gift of books from the Uni- 
versity of Glasgow— Arrangement of the books —The catalogue, • 112-117 

Chapter VIII. 

Opening of the library— First book issued— Rapid increase of readers— Magazine 
room — Donations, Chalmers Bequest— Exchanges— Gift of early Glasgow print- 
ing from Mr. J. Wyllie Guild— Moir Bequest— Purohase of the Bums collection 



10 CONTENTS. 

fonned bv Mr. James Gibson — More donations —Improvement in trade, d< 
of attendance —Further donations— Valuable collection of Scottish poetrj re- 
ceived from Mr. Alexander Gardyne— Acquisition of the Gould coueotion of 
Bumsiana— Still further donations— Growth of the library— Use made of it by 
the public— Progress probably without precedent^ ... 118-12S 

Chapter IX. 

Description of the contents of the library— Formation of the *' Poets* Cknner"— Pur- 
chase of the Jervise collection of Scottish poetry — Bums collection— The Bonis 
Centenary, unique memorials— James Macfarlan — Gardyne donation— D es cri p- 
tion of the "Comer "—CoUection of Glasgow literature- '^Nootes Sma* Weftiana " 
— list of periodical publications- The earliest West of Scotland newtpaDer— 
Glasgow Courant^ -Glai^w Mercury, ..... 1»-14<> 

Chaftbb X. 

Barlv Glasgow printinff— First printing in the city— list of Glasgow printers— The 
brothers Foulis -Works on Scotland- The national covenant— Knox's Histotyof 
the Reformation in Scotland— Scottish history, topography, and biography — "The 
BhMk Acts "-Miscellaneous Scottish books. .... 146-159 

Chaftkb XL 

The general contents of the library— Theology and philosophy—HiBtory, bicgraphy, 
voyages, and travels— Law, politics, etc — Arts, sciences, and natural history— 
Poet^and the dmma-PhUology— Fiction— liisoellaneous works —list of periodi- 
cals and seriab taken— Financial position of the library— Conclusion, • 150-175 

Chapter XII. 

THE EUIXG MUSICAL LIBRARY. 

Intentions of the founder— The manner in which they have been carried out— Inao- 
oessibility of the library— Defects of the catalogue — Service which the eoUeetioD 
might render to musical art— Extent of the library— Historical and biographioal 
works— Great wealth of the library in didactic and theoretical works— oacred 
vocal music, individual composers ; collections ; rich in psalters — Secular vooal 
music— Instrumental music— Miscellaneous works, ... 176-183 

Chapter XIIL 

LIBRARY OF PROFESSOR FERGUSON. 

Character and mwth of the collection— Volumes from great libraries, bj famous 
printers and binders, and with the autographs of great men — Flf teenth-oentury 
books —Volume from the press of Machlinia— Vincent de Beauvais* Speculum, the 
largest book printed in the fifteenth century— English literature — Foreign litera- 
ture— Gipsy books— Scotland— Darien tracts— Scottish topography— Scottish 
prose writers— Works from the press of Raban, Aberdeen*s ftnt nrinter — Scottish 
ixwts — Coi)y of the first work printed in Glasgow— Works of Glasgow men — 
Boyd's *' Last BatteU of the Soule in Death "—Early Scottish scientific writMs - 
Fineart— Chemistry, manuscripts, histories and bibliographies — ^Alchemy and early 
chemistry -Works on phosphorus, assaying and analymia, distillation, minerajis 
and metab -Demonology, witchcraft, magic, mysticism— Bibliography— Classies 
-Conclusion, ........ 19^219 

(*HAPTER XIV. 

LIBRARY OF GEORGE GRAY, ESQ. 

Hlalrtum l*ark— The library -A rare catechism -Witchcraft— Poetry and the drama 
—Scottish poetry —The production of Home's "Douglas" on the Edinburgh 
stage -First, second, and third editions of the works of Boms— Splendid oolleo- 
tions of Scottish family history and Scottish topography— Other works on Soot- 
land— IVoolamations, dying speeches, etc - Controversy regardin^i the election of 
IVofessor Leslie to the mathematical chair in the University of Edinburgh— Chap- 
books— Works relating to Glasgow— Fleming r. the Magistrates of Glasgow - 
Bovd's " Last BatteU of the Soule in Death' -Urge collection of triab-Borke 
and Hare, Dr. Pritchard— CoUection of indietmenta, informations, etc— Fineart 
-Conclusion, - - ..... ti%-X^ 



CONTENTS, 11 

Chapter XV. 

LIBRARY OF JAMES WYLLIB GUILD, ESQ. 

Beauty of the library— Its extent— Books of hours— Shakespeare — Curious l>i>torf of 
a copy of the second folio— Shakespeariana — Spenser's " Faerie Queen " — First 
editions of Byron, Shelley, and Keats— A book from the Queen's bbrary— Songs 
and ballads— Scottish poetry, biography, and history— Extensive and valuable 
collection of works on Marie Stuart— Three hundred and fifteen portraits of the 
Queen of Scots— Some of the rare works— A volume which belonged to the Queen ; 
songs on her marriage with the Dauphin — Vindication of Elizabeth— Olasgow 
books— Rare and highly-interesting copy of Bond's "Last Battell of the Soule," 
printed before the hitherto supposed first edition— Fine art : Buskin, Bewick— 
^bUography— Splendid collection of autograph letters, - • - 235-262 

Chaptkb XVL 
LIBRART OF GEORGE WINGATE HILL, ESQ. 
Character of Mr. Hill's library— Poetry and the drama— Scottish joetry— Scottish 
biography, history, and topography— Ruskin's works— Other fine art books- 
Fiction— Bibliography, etc., .-.--- 263-268 

Chaptkb XVn. 

LIBRART OF ALEXANDER MACDONALD, ESQ. 

General remarks— Psalters and Bibles— Witchcraft, case of Christian Shaw— Poetry- 
Scottish poetry— Forbes's Cantus, Watson's Scots poems— Illiterate Glasgow 
Erinter — Chap-books— Symson's elegies— Jean Adam, authoress of "There's rTae 
uck About the House ' — David Laing's copy of his edition of Dunbar's poems- 
First book printed in Stirling— Robert Lekprevick the printer— Gowrie Conspiracy 
—Scottish topography— Graham of Killem and Rob Roy — Scottish biography — 
Glasgow books— Boyd's " Last Battell of the Soule "—The first book printed in 
Olasgow— First Glasgow directorv, 1783— Maps of Glasgow— Glasgow periodicals 
—Children's books one hundred years ago— King James's " Counterblaste to 
Tobacco " — Broadsides and Proclamations — Conclusion, • - 268-287 

Chapter XVIIL 

LIBRART OF BERNARD B. MACGEORGE, ESQ. 

A library of fine art and first editions— Fine collection of Blake's works— Original 
letter and poem by Blake, never before printed — Extensive and fine collection of 
the works of John Ruskin— Magnificent collection of etchings by M^ryon— Other 
fineartbooks— First editions— Byron, Moore's copy of the rare volume of Poems, 
1807 ; lines on the birth of a son to Mr. Hoppner— Shelley, Beckford on Queen 
Mab— Keats— Tennyson— Collier's works and reprints— Gray's elegy— Scott — 
Rogers, Amusing notes on "Human Life," by Becktord— Boccaccio's Decameron — 
Swift, Tale of a Tub, Gulliver's Travels— Defoe, Robinson Crusoe— Johnson — 
Goldsmith— Beckford's Vathek— Lamb— Dickens— Thackeray— Undine, illus- 
trated by Thackeray — Scottish books— Glasgow books— Album containing letters 
by Dickens, Dumas, and Reade— Poems in autograph of Longfellow and Swin- 
bume — Conclusion,- ..-.-.. 290-304 

Chaptkb XIX. 

LIBRART OF ALEXANDER BENNETT M*GRIGOR, ESQ., LL.D. 

Character of the library — Arrangement and appearance — Department of theologv and 
philosophy— Some rare works by Luther— Bassandyne Bible— Poetry— Proof copy 
of Tennyson's "In Memoriam" — Works on Scotland- Glasgow almanacs — 
Switaerland and the Alps— Jerusalem and the Holy Land, list of eighty-four 
foreign works from 1502 to 1874 — General history— Biography — Fine arts- 
Fiction — Classical writers— Almanacs— Bibliography— Pamphlets, • 305-322 

Chafteb XX 

LIBRART OF THOMAS ADAM MATHIESON, ESQ. 

Mr. MathiesoQ's connection with Hutchesons' Hospital— General remarks on his 
library— Ruskin — Poetry — Scottish books — Glasgow books — Strang's Progress of 
Glasgow — Glasgow Looking-Glass — Herald to the Trades' Advocate— Wynd 
Church case — Interesting and amusing pamphlets — Conclusion, • 323-^$32 



12 CONTENTS. 

Chapter XXL 

LIBRARV OF JAMES BAKOLAT MURDOCH, ESQ. 

Mr. Murdoch— Similarity aud diHimilaritj of Soottiih libraries— Poetry and the 
drama— The Muse's Welcome— Scottish songs and ballads— Works of Laing and 
Maidment— Important copy of the poems of Bums — Scottish history, topography, 
and biography— Copy of Boyd's **Last Battell of the Soule," with rare 1(>28 title- 
page, once the property of Gabriel Neil, Boyd's biographer — Glasgow books and 
periodicals— Ohap-Dooks, two highly interesting volumes— Works illustrated by 
Cruikshank — George IV. pamphlets, extraordmary collection— Hone's publica- 
tions—Bewick — ZoologT, geology, and general science— Legends and fairy tales 
Bibliography — Conclunon,- ...... SS&-S48 

Chaptkr XXII. 

UBKARY OF THOMAS RUSSELL. ESQ., M.P. 

General remarks— Printed catalogue of the collection—" Ship of Fools " — Chauoer's 
works — ** Rede me," etc., no other copy— Spenser's Fairy Queen— Douglas's trans- 
lation of Virgil— Chapman's translation of the Iliad and Odyssey— Shakespeare's 
poems, first edition, 1640— First edition of *' Paradise Lost ^—Autograph of 
MUton-Hannay's "Nightingale "-"VUion of Piers Plowman "-Uthgow*s 
travels— Southwell's '*St. Peter's Comphunt" -Gascoigne, Churohyard. and 
other early writers— Coleridge— Life and acts of Bruce — Bums— Wallioc — 
Songs— Corner's reprints— Nugae Dereliotae— First edition of HoUinshed's 
Chroniclo-Boyd's ^*Last Battell of the Soule in Death," with rare 1628 
title-page— Boyd's " Four Letters of Comfort "— GUsgow books -Ruskin— Con- 
clusion. 849-963 

Chaptkr XXIIL 

LIBRARY OF BIATHEW SHIELDS, ESQ. 

Character of the collection— Witchcraft— Kirkcudbright case— Bovet's '*Ptod»- 
roonium "— Scottish poetry- Home's **Douglas"— Bums— Clark's version of the 
Song of Solomon -l>efoe's "Caledonia"— The Pockmanty sermon— Knox's 
"Historie of the Reformation." first edition -Covenanting tracts— "Terrible 
Newes from Scotland "—Patrick Walker— Letter from a blacksmith on the 
reliffious state of Scotland — Biography— Darien tracts— Prince Charles's Account 
of the battle of Falkirk— Scottish topography— Glastrow books— Glasgow periodi- 
cals—Views of Glasgow — Poems on Glasgow— Paisley books — Scottish trials - 
Tindarian Doctor— Cha|>-books-'Conclusion, - - 363-385 

Chaptir XXIV. 

LIBRARY OF JOHN WORDIE, ESQ. 

Nature of the collection— General collections of proverbs Anecdote illustrating the 
state of old Scottish inns- Classical proverbs — Eastern proverbs- Proveme of 
modem European nations— English, Scottinh, and Crselic t)roverbs— Ana— Seottish 
books— Works of T. S. Muir— Orkney and Shetland— Language— John Grub- 
Conclusion, .-.-.-••• 886-409 

Chapter XXV. 

LIBRARY OF ALEXANDER YOUNG. ESQ. 

Site and character of the collection— New Testament, I^salms, I*arai>hrasea, mad 
Pnyer-books-Googe's "Popish Kingdome"- Rogers's translation of "The Imita- 
tion of Christ " - Witchcraft - Early English iKvpular literature— Chaucer— "Piere 
Plowman "- " A Dicer's Opinion of the making of Dice and Cards **> Spenser- 
Entry of Jsmes I. into London- Decker- Rowlands— Greene— Overbury- Shake- 
speare—Taylor, the water poet- Anthony Munday—Milton- Beaumont and 
Fletcher- Herrick - Ruckling- Byron- Scottish books- Sir W. Aleiander, Earl 
of Stirling— Boyd's " I^st BatUrll of the Soule **- Barbour's '* Bmce "- First edi- 
tion of Bums's iM>en)s— Hollinshed's chronicles— M*l- re's View of Glasgow Gks- 
gow books— Printing by Wynken de Worde, Pynson, and Treveris— Haklny t*s 
▼oysffcs— Robinson (*rasoe Gulliver's Travels- -Classical writers— Douglas's 
tranuatiou of VirgiPs .ICneid— Chspmsn's Homer- Dibdin's works, • 40lz-4Sl 

Index, - - 4.13 448 



Public and Private 

LIBEAEIES OF GLASGOW. 



INTRODUCTION. 

Defence of the Book-collector — Plan of the Work — Total 
number of Books in the Libraries described — Manu- 
scripts — Fifteenth Century Printing — Bibles j Psalm- 
bookSy and Prayer-books — Witchcraft — Poetry and 
the Drama — Shakespeare, Byron, Shelley, Tennyson 
— Scottish Poetry — First edition of Burns' s Works 
— Scottish Biography, History, andj. Topography — A 
Bibliographical Society for Scotland — Glasgow Books 
— Boyd's '^Last Battell of the SouW — Scottish Trials 
— Chap Books — Broadsides — Jerusalem, and the 
Holy Land — General history — Fine Art — Angling — 
Alchemy — Philology — Fiction, first editions — Biblio-^ 
graphy — Proverbs and Ana. 

As an ambassador into a strange and unknown coun- 
try is usually granted an appreciative audience on 
his return home, so the present writer, who has made 
a pleasant voyage into some hitherto undescribed 
regions, trusts he may be pardoned for thinking he has 
a story to tell, and for hoping that he may be credited 
with more than the average veracity oi story-tellers 
and travellers. Perhaps the plainness of his unvar- 
nished tale may be forgotten in the interest of the 
subject. 

No apology need surely be necessary for this offer- 
ing at the shrine of the bookhunter. Many a time 



14 TEE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

and oft have the praises of warriors strong in battle 
been sung in triumphant strains, the charms of beauty 
inspired the rapturous muse, great deeds of piety and 
worth been celebrated in enduring lines, and still the 
adulating strain rolls on. From sweet Izaak Walton 
onwards the pliers of the wand have told the world of 
their love for the gentle craft, and sports and pastimes 
are many times outnumbered by the books about them. 
Everything has now its faithful scribes, who differ 
widely, some having something to say and others 
nothing, but who agree unanimously in their desire to 
say it in print. And why, therefore, should the book- 
lover hide his head and have nothing to say for the 
faith that is in him ? That there may be only an old 
tale to retell should be no let, for it hinders not other 
devotees from worshipping at their favourite shrines. 
Few read old books, and therefore he who carries for- 
ward the knowledge of the past to the living generation 
does a service sometimes greater than his fellow who 
strives to give them original thought. 

The ardent love of books has been called madness, 
and a word invented to describe it, and indeed if every 
deviation from the beaten track be madness in degree, 
as has been said, then is the love of books truly mad- 
ness, for the wavs of the bookhunter are eccentric, as 
the pursuit of his study is delightful. 

Of the genus book-collector there are many varieties. 
The popular conception is an unpractical, ill-dressed, 
somewhat rude being who is cither prowling about old- 
book shops turning over untitled volumes in search of bar- 
gains or at home buried in his literary rubbish, utterlv 
heedless of the ways and wants of the outside worlcj. 
It need hardly be said that this is not the portrait of 
any of the gentlemen whose names adorn our table of 
contents. Book-collecting is compatible with any oc- 
cupation, and many of its closest followers have been 
connected with businesses having nothing in common 
with literature. Intelligent and wary critics explain 



INTRODUCTION. 15 

away the contradiction of a bookhunter successfully 
prosecuting his ordinary avocation by declaring him 
sane on every other point. They deride his liking for 
rare editions, large paper, thick paper, and other pecu- 
liar copies. Very unfair and fallacious reasoning. A 
large-paper copy makes a handsome hook. An ample 
margin sets off fine typography as a white mount or a 
frame does a picture. 

The miserly economy of paper evident in so many 
modem books is a gross violation of proportion which 
ou^t not to be tolerated by the true book-lover. 

l^lenty of breadth and length give an air of luxury 
to a book which is delightful. Besides being a thing 
of beauty, a large-paper copy might prove usefiil to the 
utilitarian stickler, for the convenience of making com- 
ments on the margin. The scribblings would doubt- 
less detract from the immediate market worth of the 
book, but if the comments were of any moment future 
generations might think the book enhanced by the 
markings, and give a larger price for it as a peculiar 
copy, making the lover of cheap uniformity minister 
to the taste he had jeered and scofied at. 

The purchaser of a rare edition invariably possesses 
other editions of the same work, and is laudably 
desirous of making his collection as complete as may 
be, and also of tracing the textual variations which 
successive editors may have introduced. If a subse- 
quent edition of a work is of value, surely it is of the 
highest importance that the first edition should be 
preserved, that there may be some means for testing 
presumed inaccurate reprints. And the same reason 
will apply, in less degree certainly, to every edition, 
but particularly to those distinguished by editorial or 
typographical excellence. 

It has been said, and with some show of reason, that 
a book shut up in a private library is of little value to 
the world at large. This could only apply to the rare 
case of a unique book, or one of which all the copies 



16 THE LIBRARIES OF 0LA800W. 

were in private libraries, and surely would not apply 
to even these. 

For ordinary purposes there would doubtless be 
ordinary editions, and the scholar who had need to 
consult a copy not in any public library would hardly 
have any difficulty in obtaining access to copies in 
private possession. 

And to whom do we owe the preservation of many 
most important books but to the owners of private 
libraries ? There, touched only by reverential hands, 
have remained books of which scarcely a single clean 
and complete copy was in circulation. So long as the 
world lasts there will doubtless be collectors of books, 
and few of them will care to pause and defend their 
favourite pursuit ; but, secure in the enjoyment of their 
treasures, may even snap their fingers at their critics, 
and perchance dismiss them as rich men excusing their 
lack of culture by denying its existence in others, or 
poor men depreciating what they do not possess. 

It need hardly be said that the mystic number of 
thirteen does not exhaust the list of Glasgow private 
libraries. There are scores of libraries in the city 
worthy of description, and had the object been to com- 
pile a statistical report every private and public library 
would have found a place in the volume. But blue- 
books are seldom read, and rarely purchased, and an 
author may be excused if he desire for his labours a 
less inglorious end than that which befalls these publi- 
cations, whether at the hands of a discerning public 
or a tape-bound Comptroller-General The libraries 
described (sixteen in all) are representative collec- 
tions, and fairly reflect the characteristics of the re- 
mainder. 

In each account prominence has been given to the 
leading features of the collection, but for uniformity of 
treatment the following rough classification has been 
followed throughout the entire work : — 



INTRODUCTION. 17 

Theology, Philosophy, and Ecclesiastical History. 

Witchcraft. 

Poetry and the Drama. {General.) 

Poetry and the Drama. {Scottish.) 

Theology, etc. {Scottish.) 

Biography. {Scottish. ) 

History. {Scottish.) 

Travel. {Scottish. ) 

Topography. {Scottish. ) 

Edinburgh. 

Glasgow. 

Law and Trials. {Scottish.) 

Miscellaneous. {Scottish.) 

Travel. 

History. 

Biography. 

Art and Antiquities. 

Sports and Pastimes. 

Science (including Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, 
Medicine, Zoology, Botany, and everything 
generally designated by the term). 

Law and Trials. 

Philology. 

Fiction. 

Classics. 

Miscellaneous. 

The number of the classes, and the elastic interpreta- 
tion given them, have made it easy to include every- 
thing in one or other of the divisions. They have 
been arranged in the order given, not on any scientific 
principle, but to afford easy transition from one sub- 
ject to another. The same classification may for the 
same reasons be followed in this summary view. 

The total number of books in the private libraries 
will not come far short of 70,000, and those in the 
public libraries may safely be put down at 100,000, 
^ving an aggregate of 170,000 volumes. 170,000 

2 



18 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

would not be a large figure for so many libraries if 
the special character and high value of the individual 
books were left out of view ; as it is, it represents a 
choice and extensive selection of rare and interesting 
works in many departments of knowledge. 

Manuscripts of interest are in several of the libraries, 
notably in Stirling's Public Library and the Mitchell 
Library. Incunabula, or books printed in the fifteenth 
century, will be found in four of the libraries. Pro- 
fessor Ferguson has about 70 volumes, Mr. J. Wyllic 
Guild about 30, Stirling's Public Library 27, and the 
Mitchell Library a few. Early sixteenth century books 
are abundant, almost every library having some ex- 
amples, and those of Messrs. Ferguson, Guild, Russell, 
and Young containing many. There are some valuable 
Bibles and New Testaments in Stirling's Library ; the 
Mitchell Library has versions in many languages; 
and Messrs. Guild, Macdonald, M^Grigor, and Young 
have copies possessing special interest. 

Highly interesting copies of the Psalms are in the 
possession of Messrs. Guild, Hill, Macdonald, and Young, 
each of whom have one or more copies of the Scottish 
Psalter, while Mr. Young has a copy which there seems 
no reason to doubt had belonged to Andro Hart, the 
Edinburgh printer. Catechisms, Paraphrases, Confes- 
sions of Faith, and Prayer Books are in most of 
the libraries, the Mitchell Library, Stirling's Library, 
and Mr. Young each possessing a copy of the Prayer 
Book associated inseparably with the name of Jenny 
Geddes. Dr. M'Grigor has a rare work of Martin 
Luther's, and several works by the Scottish Reformers 
are noticed in this volume. Coming to modern theo- 
logical works, it is worthy of special mention that Dr. 
M'Grigor has no less than 77 volumes and pamphlets 
written by, or relating to, Frederick Denison Maurice, 
and similarly thorough sets of the works of Dr. Norman 
Macleod, Rev. Charles Kingslev, Dr. Thomas Arnold, 
Dean Stanley, Rev. William Hanna, Dr. John Kitto, 



INTRODUCTION. 19 

Dean Milman^ and Baron Bunsen, and has also the 
series known as the Theological Translation Fund 
Library, and the Anti-Nicene Christian Library. The 
Mitchell Library is very thoroughly equipped in general 
theology, philosophy, and ecclesiastical history, and the 
same department in Stirling's Library is large, although 
not so modern. 

Books on witchcraft occupy a considerable place in 
Professor Ferguson's library, and numerous rare and 
curious tracts on the subject are in the collections of 
Messrs. Gray, Macdonald, Shields, and Young. The 
kindred subjects of magic and sorcery have also en- 
gaged the attention of Professor Ferguson, and he has 
a large number of works on them. Next to Scotland, 
poetry and the drama is the subject which has found 
most favour with the Glasgow collectors. Messrs. 
Russell and Young have splendid collections of first 
and early editions of the English dramatists, and 
Messrs. Guild and Murdoch are strong in the same 
department. These are so fully described in their re- 
spective places that it is unnecessary to again notice 
them at length. Shakespeare fills a larger place in this 
volume than any other writer, not even excepting 
Burns. Mr. J. Wyllie Guild has forty-eight editions 
of his works, including two copies of the second folio, 
the fourth folio, Steevens's fine folio edition, with extra 
plates, J. Payne Collier's " purest text," and J. O. Halli- 
well's great edition in sixteen volumes folio. Of Shake- 
speariana he has fully a thousand items. Mr. Young 
has the second, third, and fourth folios, and a number 
of other editions. 

Stirling's Library possesses the Halliwell edition 
abeady mentioned, and Messrs. Gray, Hill, Mac- 
george, M'Grigor, and Russell have each notable 
editions. When Mr. J. Payne Collier issued his 
edition with the " purest text and the briefest notes " 
he found more than a third of his fifty-eight sub- 
scribers in this neighbourhood, and a copy is in nearly 



20 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW, 

all the thirteen private libraries described. He also 
found hearty support in Glasgow in connection with 
his valuable reprints of early dramatic literature, and 
full sets of the costly series are in the Guild, Mac- 
george, Murdoch, Russell, and Young libraries, and the 
same collections, increased by those of Messrs. Gray and 
Hill, contain the greater number of the other works 
edited or written by Mr. Collier, and those edited 
or written by Mr. J. O. Halliwell. A first edition of 

freat value is Spenser's ** Faerie Queene." David 
jaing's copy was sold for £120. Messrs. Guild and 
Young have fine copies. Another first edition which is 
prized as better than much fine gold is that of Milton's 
*' Paradise Lost," an elegant copy of which finds an 
abiding-place with Mr. Russell, who has also first 
editions of some others of Milton's works. The various 
societies formed for the reprinting of old works of 
[)oetry and drama found many patrons in Glasgow, and 
sets of the publications of the Ballad Society, the 
Early English Text Society, the Percy Society, the 
Shakespeare Society, and the Spenser Society, are 
frequently mentioned in these pages, as are also 
Arber's English Reprints, and the works edited by 
Joseph Ritson. 

Coming nearer to our own time there is a plethora 
of riches. Mr. Young has the excessively rare volume 
published at Newark in 1807 by Lord Byron and 
almost immediately suppressed. The first edition of 
his *'Hours of Idleness," Newark, 1807, which is now 
very rare, is mentioned five times in these pages, 
Messrs. Guild, Macdonald, Macgeorge, Muitloch, and 
Young possessing copies. In addition, Messre. Mac- 
george and Guild have all but complete sets of the 
first editions of everything published oy Byron. Mr. 
Macgeorge's collection of separate Byronic productions 
is very large indeed. The same two gentlemen have 
first editions of nearly all Shelley's works. 

Mr. Macgeorge is strong in first editions, and, in 



INTRODUCTION. 21 

addition to those mentioned, has the first editions of 
the separate works of Keats, Tennyson, and Swin- 
burne. 

He has the rare " Poems by Two Brothers," written 
by the Poet Laureate and his brother Charles, and 
published anonymously in 1827; the Cambridge Prize 
Poem, " Timbuctoo," and the ''Poems Chiefly Lyrical," 
1830, the first of Tennyson's works to which he put 
his name, besides other rare editions to the number of 
nearly forty. 

Messrs. Guild and M'Grigor have many editions of 
Tennyson and some first editions. Original editions of 
other modern poets are mentioned more than once. 
Dr. M'Grigor has fine sets of the works of Sir 
Theodore Martin, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Robert 
Browning, Coleridge, Goethe, Schiller, and other lesser 
luminaries. 

Mr. Russell has the works of Coleridge in 47 
volumes, many of them original editions, and a fine 
copy of the Aldine series of Poets. Mr. Mathieson has 
an elegant copy of the same fine series, and the same 
publisher's edition of Coleridge's works. Good edi- 
tions of the standard poets of Great Britain, France, 
and Germany are of course in most of the libraries, 
and Professor Ferguson has a not inconsiderable num- 
ber of volumes of Russian and Polish poetry. The 
subjects of ballads and songs have been very fully 
followed out in almost every one of the libraries. 

As might be expected, this volume has a strong 
Scottish flavour, and it would have been a pity had it 
been wanting. Every true lover of his country must 
rejoice to see the records of his native land put beyond 
danger of wilful destruction. The indefatigability of 
collectors is unearthing many hidden documents of 
value, and every trifle being invested with a money 
value, printed matter now runs less danger than 
formerly of an ignominious end. Future generations 
would have much to thank us for if in every place 



22 THE LIBRARIES OF OLASGOW. 

in the empire an effort was being made to collect the 
literature of that particular spot. 

This has been very thoroughly done in Glasgow, and 
in a less degree as regards the whole of Scotland. 
Some of the best Scottish collections existing are de- 
scribed in this work. It would be hard indeed to match 
the combined Scottish collections of the sixteen libraries 
by any other collection of printed books either in Edin- 
burgh, London, or elsewhere. They are especially rich 
in poetry. The gigantic gathering at the Mitchell 
Library overshadows all others, and Scottish poetry to 
be studied thoroughly must be studied in Glasgow. 

The " Poet's Corner," extensive though it is, is still 
but a recent creation. There are many choice Scottish 
poetical works which cross the path of the bookhunter 
but once in many years, and can be procured only at a 
ransom. What the ''Corner" lacks in this respect is made 
up by the private collections. Rare original editions 
are in the Young, Guild, Gray, Macdonald, and Mur- 
doch libraries. Many editions of such works as Bar- 
bour's ''Bruce," and Blind Harry's "Wallace" are 
noticed as being in some one or other of the following 
libraries: — Guild, Gray, Hill, Macdonald, M'Grigor, 
Murdoch, Bussell, Shields, and Young. First edi- 
tions of Ossian are numerous ; Dougal Graham's 
"Poetical History of the Rebellion" occurs fre- 
quently; some of the rare things printed by Sir 
William Stirling- Maxwell are mentioned; and sets 
more or less approaching completeness of the works pro- 
duced under the editorship of David Laing, James 
Maidment, and W. B. D. Turnbull are in all of 
the libraries. The magnificent Burns collection at 
the Mitchell Library has but one important want — a 
copy of the first edition of the poet's works. It is a 
blank not easily filled : copies are scarce, and when they 
do appear readily find purchasers at high prices. A 
good copy is worth from £60 to £70. Messrs. Young 
and Gray possess handsome copies. Both gentlemen 



INTRODUCTION. 23 

have also a number of subsequent editions^ including 
the first Edinburgh and the first London edition. Mr. 
Guild has many editions. Mr. Murdoch has, amongst 
a number of editions, a copy of the second, with the 
names of some of the persons referred to in the poems 
filled in in the poet's handwriting. Dr. M'Grigor has 
a copy of the same edition, presented to him by Sir 
Theodore Martin, which formerly belonged to Lord 
Dundrennan. Mr. Shields has some editions having 
special interest, and Messrs. Hill, Macdonald,M*Grigor, 
Macgeorge, and Russell have Burnsiana of value. 
The contemporaries of Burns, whose productions have 
risen in value because of their acquaintance with the 
bard, are in almost every library in the book. 

In Scottish family history all the libraries are more 
or less rich. The Mitchell has a very large section con- 
taining nothing but biographies of Scotsmen and Scot- 
tish families, including eleven of the thirteen costly 
works edited by William Fraser. Mr. Gray has about 
a hundred separate works on the subject. 

Mr. Young possesses the very scarce first editions of 
Boece's " History," and Holinshed's " Chronicle " and 
other rare histories of Scotland. Mr. Guild has many 
rare historical volumes and tracts. His collection on 
the life and reign of the hapless Marie Stuart is the 
largest and most valuable of its kind in existence. It 
contains over five hundred works, in many languages, 
with rare portraits and other enhancing peculiarities. 
It has been gathered from all quarters of the earth. 
The portraits of the Queen number 315. 

Mr. Shields and Mr. Macdonald have many very 
scarce and curious works bearing on the history of 
Scotland. Mr. Russell has some early histories, and 
Messrs. Gray, Hill, Murdoch, M*Grigor, and Mathie- 
son have many important Scottish historical works. 
Special attention has been paid to Scottish history in 
the Mitchell Library, and at Stirling's Library there 
is a considerable collection. 



24 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW, 

Complete sets of the Bannatyne, Maitland, Abbots- 
ford, Spottiswood, Spalding, and other societies' pub- 
Ucations are in one or other of the Ubraries, that of Mr. 
Guild and the Mitchell containing nearly all. The ex- 
tensive gathering of topographical and historical works 
on the places of Scotland which are in the Mitchell 
Library and the Ubraries of Messrs. Gray, Macdonald, 
Guild, Shields, and Wordie are unequalled. 

They cover the entire country, and contain at least 
as many books that are not in the British Museum as 
are there on the subject. Mr. Anderson's admirable 
catalogue of the topographical books in the British 
Museum requires a companion volume of others that 
are not in the Museum to render it complete, and we 
venture to predict that as far as Scotland is concerned 
the supplement will be as bulky as the original book. 

Whoever may undertake the work, and consults the 
Glasgow libraries, will find here much material hardly 
to be found elsewhere, yea — and whisper it softly — not 
even in the Advocates' Library at Edinburgh. 

But might not the undertaking assume larger pro- 
portions, and the work be divided ? Might not the 
Icottish portion of the work at least form a raison 
d'Stre for the establishment of a Society of Scottish 
Bibliographers ? 

The need for an exhaustive and authoritative account 
of the literature of Scotland is apparent to everyone 
having any acquaintance with the subject. 

The ordinary bibliographical dictionaries are woefully 
deficient in respect to Scottish books, and are frequently 
very inaccurate. Information on Scottish bibliography 
has to be sought for in many devious ways, and the 
searcher has not seldom to go away disappointed by 
failure, or but moderately satisfied with scanty and 
doubtful information. 

The work of forming a bibUographical guide to the 
whole of the literature of Scotland is too heavy and 
too unremunerative to be advantageously undertaken by 






INTRODUCTION. 25 

one individual, and could better be carried out by the 
co-operation of everyone able to help. A society open 
to every student of Scottish literature would perhaps 
afford the best means of securing that co-operation. 
The object would be to give an account of everything 
printed relating to Scotland or Scots, written by Scots, 
or printed in Scotland. Such a work would be of 
inestimable value. 

The co-operation of the owners of private libraries 
would doubtless be cheerfully granted. Individual 
members of the society might undertake to compile 
bibliographies of villages, towns, counties, subjects, or 
persons, all of which could be incorporated in one 
grand dictionary. It may be worth mentioning that 
the idea of forming a Scottish Bibliographical So- 
ciety arose in the course of a conversation some time 
ago between Mr. Barrett, of the Mitchell Library, and 
the writer, on the feasibility of establishing a society 
for the study of Glasgow bibliography. Mr. Barrett 
doubted if the city would present a large enough field 
to justify the formation of a society. Grave difficulties 
doubtless attend the larger project, but these might be 
overcome. We think the suggestion worth recording, 
and commend it with all modesty to the notice of those 
interested in Scottish literature. 

Rich as are the Glasgow libraries in books relating 
to the whole of Scotland, still greater prizes have been 
carried off in the more limited arena of the city itself. 

It is no exaggeration to say that there can hardly be 
anything of importance relating to Glasgow which is 
not in one or more of the public or private libraries of 
the city. The industries of the city, its wonderful 
growth, its quarrels, and its merry meetings, its amuse- 
ments, its eminent men, its literature and art, and 
3very phase of its life, are copiously illustrated by the 
literary stores of its citizens. 

The Mitchell Library contains a large local collection. 
At the end of 1884 it numbered about 2,400 volumes 



26 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

and pamphlets. It contains many rare pamphlets and 
periodicals, and some costly volumes. The Glasgow 
division in Stirling's Library is not so large as that in 
the Mitchell, but is increasing rapidly. 

Mr. Macdonald has the first book printed in the city, 
Zachary Boyd's *' Cleare forme of Catechising," printed 
by George Anderson, 1639, and of which no other 
copy is known, but the honour of having the very first 
thmg printed in Glasgow is shared in this volume by 
the Mitchell Library and Professor Ferguson, who each 
possess a copy of a small tract printed the year before 
Mr. Macdonald*s treasure. 

Mr. Kussell has a copy of Zachary Boyd s Four 
Letters of Comfort, printed in the city in 1640, ju^t 
two years after the introduction of printing. The 
Mitchell Library contains 804 volumes of early Glas- 
gow printing, 338 of them from the press of the world- 
famed printers, the Brothers Foulis. Messrs. Murdoch 
and Shields have many examples of early Glasgow 
printing. The Zachary Boyd above mentioned was 
Minister of the Barony, and wrote, among other books, 
one entitled "The Last liattell of the Soule in 
Death," which was printed at Edinburgh by the heirs 
of Andro Hart. It usually appears in two volumes, 
with the date, 1629, on each title-page. The pagina- 
tion is continued through both volumes. David 
Laing's copy in this form sold for £52 10s. Copies 
similar to Laing's, but of varying excellence as to condi- 
tion, are in the libraries of Messrs. Young, Gray, 
Russell, Murdoch, Macdonald, and Ferguson. Mr. 
Guild has a copv in one volume, dated a year earlier 
than the two-volume copies. The supposition is that 
the work was issued in 1628 in one volume, but being 
found too bulky, and probably meeting a tardy sale, it 
was made into two volumes in the course of the follow- 
ing year, and two new title-pages and some additional 
prefatory matter inserted. In the course of the present 
work it was discovered that Mr. Murdoch has a copy 



INTRODUCTION. 27 

of the early edition, in addition to one of the later year, 
and also that Professor Ferguson's copy, although in 
two volumes, and bearing 1629 on the title-pages, had 
the 1628 title-page inserted a little farther on in the 
book. Mr. Macdonald's copy has the special merit 
of containing two leaves supposed to be in only one 
other copy. Of the first history of Glasgow, that by 
M*Ure, very few clean copies are in existence. Mr. 
Young has a perfectly clean one, uncut, and containing 
all the plates which should be in a perfect copy. 
Messrs. Russell and Macdonald have also good copies. 
Mr. Macdonald has a valuable series of early maps of 
the city, and is also the fortunate possessor of one of 
the three copies extant of the first Glasgow Directory, 
issued in 1783. When it was reprinted in 1871, the 
copy firom which it was set up was believed to be 
unique. Mr. Guild has some early directories and 
many Glasgow books. 

The case of Fleming v. the Magistrates of Glasgow, 
a printed record of which is in Mr. Gray's library, con- 
tains the earliest plan of the city known. Mr. Shields 
has some scarce volumes of local poetry, all the usual 
histories of the city, many exceedingly rare Glasgow 
periodicals, pamphlets on the afiairs- of the city, and 
a number of views of old buildings in the neighbour- 
hood of the High Street and the Saltmarket, executed 
at his own expense. Mr. Macdonald has all the histor- 
ies and many of the fugitive periodicals of Glasgow. 

Mr. Mathieson has an interesting volume of pamph- 
lets relating to a notorious ecclesiastical dispute among 
the city fathers about 100 years ago, and other valu- 
able works relating to the city. Messrs. Gray, Young, 
Wordie, Ferguson, Macgeorge, M'Grigor, Hill, Mur- 
doch, and Russell have each many Glasgow books. 

The criminal history of Scotland is vividly lighted 
up by the very remarkable collection of trials, indict- 
ments, informations, etc., in the possession of Mr. Gray. 
In some respects it is unique. 



28 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Chap-books, the favourite literature of a bygone 
time, have been assiduously collected by Mr. Gray, 
Mr. Macdonald, and Mr. Shields, each of them having 
a very large number of the very scarcest kind. Messrs. 
Russell and Wordie have each a considerable number 
of chaps. 

Messrs. Gray and Macdonald have huge collections of 
posters, proclamations, and similar bills, and Mr. Shields 
has a most extensive and highly interesting gathering 
of periodicals and other works relating to Paisley. 

Mr. Macdonald has the first book printed in Stirling, 
and Messrs. Ferguson, Guild, Young, and the Mitchell 
Library have specimens from the press of Raban, 
Aberdeen's first printer. 

Dr. M'Grigor has devoted much attention to works 
on Jerusalem and the Holy Land. His library con- 
tains nearly 300 separate works on that subject, and 
about l.')0 works on Switzerland and the Alps. Many 
of these are works of the first importance. Dr. 
M'Grigor has also over 100 maps bound separately. 
Mr. Young has the very rare and valuable first edition 
of ** Hakluyt's Voyages/* 

In General History the most remarkable things are 
the long and important series of works belonging to Mr. 
Russell on King Charles I. and Professor Ferguson's 
books on Iceland. Dr. M'Grigor has a considerable 
number of works on Charles I., and has fine copies of 
all the well-known histories. He has also ** Notes and 
Queries" from the commencement. Fine copies of 
Grose's *' Antiquities" of England and Wales, Scot- 
land, and Ireland, and his " Military Antiquities " are in 
most of the libraries. It is almost superfluous to say 
that all the libraries contain copies of the standard his- 
tories. The Mitchell Libraryand Stirling's Library both 
possess large collections on general and English history. 

Biography is well represented, particularly in the 
public libraries. Fine art makes a brilliant appear- 
ance. The Mitchell has a splendid collection, and 



INTRODUCTION. 29 

there are some very important works at Stirling's 
Library. Every collector has some Bewicks, and Mr. 
Guild has a great many. Mr. Macgeorge has perhaps 
the most complete collection of Ruskin literature in 
existence; and Messrs. Guild, Gray, Hill, M'Grigor, 
Mathieson, Russell, and Young have sets more or less 
full of the works of Ruskin. The Mitchell Library 
has as many of his works as any other public 
library in the United Kingdom. The libraries strongest 
in examples of Cruikshank are those of Messrs. Mac- 
george and Murdoch. Every one of the others have, 
however, some of his work. Dr. M'Grigor has a 
considerable number of works illustrated by Turner. 
Mr. Russell and others have the costly works of Sir 
William Stirling-Maxwell, and Lacroix*s fine works. 
Mrs. Jameson's books, the works of Philip Gilbert 
Hamerton, Shaw's *' Dresses," Strutt's "Sports and 
Pastimes," Meyrick*s "Ancient Armour," Lavater's 
" Physiognomy," and many other beautiful books are 
in one or more of the libraries. 

Mr. Macgeorge has a very large number of books 
illustrated by Blake, by Turner, and by John Leech. 

Angling would appear to be a favourite sport with 
the Glasgow collectors, many editions of Walton and 
Cotton's "Angler" being in most of their libraries, 
and Mr. Murdoch has about seventy volumes on the 
piscatorial art. Mr. Murdoch has also many fine books 
on fishes, shells, eggs, and birds. In alchemy, animal 
magnetism, and the occult sciences, very few collections, 
if any, can match that formed by Professor Ferguson. 
One of its leading points is the large number of English 
works it contains — works not obtainable save at great 
cost and after long years of waiting. In music the 
noble but inaccessible Euing collection overshadows all 
the others. The only library in which books on lang- 
uage are unusually numerous is that of Mr. Wordie. 
He has many dictionaries, grammars, glossaries, and 
other works relating to European, Asiatic, and African 



30 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

languages. Both public libraries have of course good 
scientific and philological sections. Fiction has found 
ample recognition. In addition to ordinary editions of 
the works of standard novelists, which are in all the 
libraries, first and fine editions are numerous. Mr. 
Young has the first editions of "Gulliver's Travels" 
and "Robinson Crusoe"; and the Mitchell has also 
the latter. Messrs. Ferguson, Macdonald, Macgeorge, 
M'Grigor, Murdoch, Young, and Wordie have first 
editions of most of the works of Dickens; and Messrs. 
Ferguson, Macdonald, Macgeorge, M'Grigor, Murdoch, 
and Russell of the works of Thackeray. Dr. M'Grigor 
and Mr. Macgeorge have the first edition of Vathek, 
the latter gentleman's copy being on thick paper. The 
Villon Society have found a number of subscribers in 
Glasgow for their edition of the Arabian Nights* 
Entertainment. Teubner's, Valpy's, and Bohn's edi- 
tions of the classics, and many other editions of separate 
writers, are in the Mitchell Library. Dr. Scouler s 
gift to Stirling's Library contains many editions of the 
works of Aristotle. Mr. Russell has first editions of 
Chapman's translations of ** Homer,*' and Mr. Youn 
has earlv editions of "Ovid," "Seneca," "Homer," an 
"Virgil. ' Dr. M*Grigor has several modern editions, 
text and translations, of most of the classics. 

As becomes judicious and sensible book-buyers, there 
is no lack of bibliographical works. The names of 
Brydges, Dibdin, Beloe, Allibone, Burton, Brunet, 
Watt, Lowndes, De Bure, Hain, Hazlitt and other 
famous bibliographers have become as household words 
with them. Of autographs, Mr. Guild has a very large 
collection, and presentation copies of works with auto- 
graphs are frequently noted. Mr. Wordie has a very 
lartje number of books of proverbs in many languages, 
and also an extensive collection of anecdotal literature, 
and books of enigmas, epigrams, and facetiae. 

Mr. Macgeorge has many first editions of Lamb's 
works, som'^ of them with notes in the author's hand- 



STIRLINO'S PUBLIC LIBRARY. 31 

writing. Professor Ferguson has a number of books 
on the Gipsies, and Dr. M^Grigor has many hundreds 
of most interesting pamphlets on various subjects. 

This finishes our general survey of the principal 
possessions of the sixteen libraries. 

They are in many respects remarkable, and of the 
highest interest to Scots and more especially to Glas- 
gowegians. 

Let us hope that the day of dispersion is far off from 
all of them, and that rather than face the unwelcome 
shadow of the auctioneer many of the owners may pre- 
fer to secure for their books permanent and honoured 
resting-places in the public libraries of tlie city. 



CHAPTER I. 
Stirling's and qlasoow public library. 

The Founder, his Ancestors, Personal Appearance, 
Will, and Death — Beginning of the Library -^First 
Board of Directors. 

This library was founded in the year 1791 by Walter 
Stirling, and some account of him may very properly 
preface a description of the institution which owes its 
existence to his generosity. 

His father, William Stirling, was an eminent physi- 
cian in Glasgow early in the last century, and was a 
man of more than ordinary ability and sagacity. His 
place was in Dispensary Close, off the High Street. 
He took an active interest in other matters besides 
those pertaining to his profession, and is mentioned by 
M'Ure, the first historian of Glasgow, as one of the 
early promoters of linen manufacture in the city, hav- 
ing, with three others, erected a factory at Grahamston, 



32 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

then called Graham's Hall, ''for weaving all sorts of 
HoUan-cloth, wonderful fine, performed by fine masters, 
expert in the curious Art of Weaving, as fine and as 
well done as at Harlem in Holland." 

He took into partnership that Dr. Gordon who, al- 
though a distinguished surgeon, is now only remem- 
bered as the master to whom the celebrated novelist, 
Tobias Smollett, was apprenticed. The versatile ap- 
prentice is supposed to have had the Doctor in mind 
when drawing the character of Potion in his ** Roderick 
Random." Dr. Stirling was twice married, first to 
Janet Smith, and second to Elizabeth Murdoch, by the 
latter of whom he had one son, the subject of the pre- 
sent notice, born in Dispensary Close on 12th Decem- 
ber, 1723. He had also two daughters, one of whom 
married the Rev. Patrick Nisbet of Hatton, the other 
a merchant in Glasgow named Archibald Corbet. 

Walter Stirling could trace his ancestry back to 
Robert Stirling, of Bankier and Lettyr, who died in 
1537. This Robert is said to have been the nearest 
collateral heir of Janet Stirling, commonly called Lady 
Cadder. This, however, is matter of disputation among 
the various branches of the Stirling family, and as it is 
outside the province of the present work to discuss 
knotty questions of family history, we pass on to the 
consideration of what we trust are undisputed facts. 
Robert Stirling of Bankier had a son named John, who 
married Beatrice, daughter of George Elphinstone of 
Blythswood. From this union there were eight sons 
and two daughters. The sixth son, Walter, was Dean 
of Guild in 1630, and his autograph is given in the 
** View of the Merchants House," published in ] 866. 
Walter's grandson, John, had three sons named John, 
William, and Walter. John was Lord Provost 
of Glasgow in 1728, and his son Wilham was the 
founder of the highly respected firm of William Stirling 
k Sons. After him Stirling Street and Stirling Square 
were named, these thoroughfares being made through 



STIRLING'S PUBLIC LIBRARY, 33 

the garden and orchard attached to the family mansion 
in High Street. The second, son, Wilham, was Dr. 
Stirling, the founder's father. The third son, Walter, 
was proprietor of the lands of Shirva, near Kirkintil- 
loch. His only son distinguished himself in the navy, 
and was afterwards knighted. 

Of Walter Stirling, the founder of the library, not 
much is known. He spent a quiet, retired life, and but 
for his generous bequest would doubtless have sunk 
into that oblivion which has enshrouded many another 
eminently respectable citizen. He was a merchant in 
the city, and seems to have prospered in business. He 
entered into partnership with a Mr. Bell, and the firm 
appears in the first Glasgow Directory (1783) as Stir- 
ling, Bell & Co., Trongate. The exact location was 
No. 18. Mr. Stirling's name is also entered separately 
as of Miller Street, where he then resided. In 1775 
he was added to the Councillors of the Merchant rank 
in the Town Council, and was elected treasurer of the 
burgh for the year. In the following year he took the 
place of John Alson, jun., as an ordinary member of 
Council, and was elected and chosen to bear oflfice as 
Bailie of Gorbals. In 1780 he was elected to the office 
of Second Bailie of the Merchant rank, which he held 
for one year. In 1782 he retired, being disqualified on 
account of his seniority as a Councillor. In addition to 
the offices named, Mr. Stirling was elected a director 
of the Towns Hospital in 1776, 1779, 1780, and 1781. 
He became a member of the Merchants' House in 1788, 
under the title of a "home trader." Previous to 1779 
he resided in King Street, where he possessed consider- 
able property. 

On 4th August of that year he purchased from Mr. 
Robert Oliphant of Rossie the dwelling-house in Miller 
Street which afterwards formed part of the library be- 
quest. This house was built by Mr. James Jackson, 
for fifty years Postmaster of Glasgow, who sold it to 
.Mr. Oliphant. Miller Street was formed in 1773. It 

3 



34 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

was cut through the garden of John Miller, a maltman, 
after whom it takes its name, who resided at what is 
now the south-east corner of the street. When it was 
first opened it had only an entry from Argyle Street 

None but gentlemen's houses were allowed in it, and 
when fully built it presented a fine appearance, and was 
a very fashionable street. It is interesting to note 
that the lots were taken up very slowly, the principal 
objection to the site being its distance from the centre 
of the city. It was then on the outskirts, and in the 
vicinity of green fields. The population of Glasgow 
was 66,578. 

On 3rd January, 1785, Mr. Stirling executed a will 
bequeathing one thousand pounds, his house in Miller 
Street, his own collection of books, and a share in the 
Tontine Society, to the City of Glasgow for the pur- 
pose of forming and maintaining a public library for 
the use of the citizens. He made another will in 
1789, but in nowise disturbed the library bequest. 
He left the bulk of his estate to Mary Nisbet, eldest 
daughter of his sister Janet, subject to several annuities. 
To discourage litigation he directed that should any 
of the legatees question Miss Nisbet s right, the chal- 
lengers portion was to be suspended until the case 
was settled, and the defence expenses of Miss Nisbet 
were to be met out of the challenger s portion. Need- 
less to say there was no dispute. 

Mr. Stirling's personal appearance is thus described 
by *' Senex," Robert Reid, who remembered him — 
" He was a man of pleasing address, and of gentlemanly 
manners. I remember him with cocked hat, ear 
curls, and a respectable pigtail." Another authority 
says he dressed very plainly, but with neatness and 
precision. He was hunchbacked, and formed one of a 
party similarly deformed invited to dinner by an 
eccentric gentleman popularly called '* Jemmy Ward- 
rop." Air. Stirling gave the would-be wit a sharp 
rebuke for his cruel jest, and the town taking Mr. 



STIRLING'S PUBLIC LIBRARY. 35 

Stirling's part, Wardrop was long unpopular. Mr. 
Stirling was never married. On 17th January, 1791, 
he passed quietly away, in his house in Miller Street, 
having attained the ripe age of sixty-eight. As will 
be seen from his will which is given below he directed 
the library to be managed by a board of directors 
chosen from the following four public bodies: — The 
Town Council, the Merchants' House, the Presbytery 
of Glasgow, and the Faculty of Physicians and Sur- 
geons, three from each, which with the Lord Provost 
of Glasgow (President ex officio) made a directorate 
of thirteen, commonly supposed to be an unlucky 
number, the evil effects of which were doubtless 
averted by the difficulty shared in common with most 
other public institutions of getting a full meeting. 
He desired the library to consist of rare and curious 
books, rather than of the common and ordinary kinds, 
and it is said that he hated novels so heartily that he 
had not read one for forty years. The librarian was to 
allow all proper persons access to the books for at 
least three hours each lawful day, and no rule or 
regulation that might be made was to interfere with 
the chief or primary view of the donation, viz. — *' The 
coiistant and perpetual existence of a public library for 
the citizens of Glasgoio!' The high integrity of the 
man comes out strikingly in the stipulation that should 
any director become insolvent he shall at once cease 
to be a director. In choosing a librarian the directors 
were to prefer one of the name of Stirling " should 
he be equally qualified for the office with any other 
candidate." Either there has been no desire on the 
part of the Stirlings for the librarianship, or having 
applied they have not been found equally qualified 
with other candidates, for no one bearing the name of 
Stirling has as yet filled the office. The time to be 
allowed for reading the books was to depend on the size 
of the work — a very reasonable provision, if all books 
were equally well worth reading and equally digestible. 



30 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Eight weeks were to be allowed for a folio, four for a 
quarto, and two for an octavo. 

Deed of Mortification by Mr. Walter Stirling, 
Merchant in Glasgow, of a Fund for establish- 
ing a Public Library for the benefit of the 
inhabitants of Glasgow. 

I, Walter Stirling, merchant in Glasgow, consider- 
ing that as a Public Library kept in a proper place in 
the City of Glasgow will be attended with considerable 
advantage to the Inhabitants ; Therefore, and in order 
to establish such a Library, and in exercise of the 
power which I reserved to myself by my deed of 
settlement, I hereby Dote and Mortify, to and in 
favour of the present Lord Provost of the City of 
Glasgow, and to his successors in oflSce, the sum of one 
thousand pounds sterling money, and my tenement 
lying on the east side of Miller Street in the said city, 
and whole pertinents thereof, and my share, right, and 
interest in the Tontine Society of Glasgow, with the 
whole benefit, profit, and advantages which may arise 
therefrom, during the natural life of Elonora Lee, 
daughter of Robert Lee, merchant in Greenock, upon 
whose Life my subscription proceeded, for the sole 
and only purpose of purchasing a Library, and sup- 
porting a Librarian for taking charge of the books 
which may belong to me at my death, as well as those 
which may be purchased in future, from the fund above- 
mentioned, appropriated and set apart for that pur- 
pose : and which sum of one thousand pounds sterlinj 
money, I Bind and Oblige myself, and my heirs am 
successors, to pay, at the first term of Whitsunday 
or Martinmas after my death, to the then Lord 
Provost of Glasgow, or his successors in oflSce, to 
be by him and the persons afternamed applied in 
the purchase of lands, or other proper security, the 
yearly rent and produce of which to be by them 
applied for the uses and purposes aflermentioned, and 



STIRLINffS P UBLIC LIBRA R Y. 37 

for no other uses whatever, and in the Manner, and 
Subject to the regulations aftermentioned. 

And, First, The books of my present Library, and 
all those to be purchased in future out of, or from 
the fund hereby appropriated, shall, in all time coming, 
be vested in thirteen managers who are to be elected 
and chosen from among the following Corporations or 
Societies, viz.: — From the Town Council of the City 
of Glasgow, three of their number (besides the Lord 
Provost of the City of Glasgow for the time, who 
is and always shall be a Director ex officio) ; from the 
Merchants' House of Glasgow, three of their number ; 
from the Presbytery of Glasgow, three of their num- 
ber; and from the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons 
of Glasgow, three of their number ; the Provost to be 
constantly Preses at the meeting of the said Directors ; 
and in case of his absence, the Preses to be chosen by 
the majority present at each meeting. 

Second, Each Corporation or Society are to Elect 
their three Directors at their first meeting after 
Candlemas subsequent to my Death, and thereafter at 
their first meeting after Candlemas yearly ; and the 
persons so chosen may, if their constituents see proper, 
be elected for any period not exceeding five years, but 
they may be re-elected as oft as their constituents 
please, provided, at the time of their election, they are 
members of the Society electing them, not exceeding five 
years at once, without re-election. And in case any of 
the said Societies shall neglect, at their first meeting 
after the Candlemas subsequent to my Death, or at 
any subsequent Candlemas thereafter, or at least before 
the first Tuesday of May yearly (being the time when 
the Directors are to enter upon the execution of their 
oflBce) to make choice of three Directors. 

Such Society so neglecting are to omit and lose their 
right of Election for that year. And the Directors 
from the other Societies shall, at the first meeting 
thereafter, intimate the same to their constituents 



38 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW, 

respectively, each of whom shall, at their first meetings 
after said intimation, chuse their proportional number 
out of their own members to fill up the vacancy. And 
in case any of the said Societies shall neglect to chuse 
their quota for filhng up the vacancy, the Directors 
chosen shall, at their next meeting, chuse any person 
or persons whom they think proper for completing 
the Directors to the number of thirteen as aforesaid. 

Third, In any case any Director shall become in- 
solvent, he shall, ipso facto, cease to be a Director, 
and the Society who chose him shall, at their first 
meeting after such insolvency, elect another in his 
place. Nor shall such Director so becoming insolvent 
be again eligible, unless he shall have paid all his 
debts. And in case the Society who chose him shall 
neglect to chuse one to succeed him, the other 
Directors shall, at their first periodical meeting there- 
after, chuse one instead of such insolvent Director. 

Fourth, The Directors are to meet the first Tuesday 
of every second month, beginning with the first Tues- 
day of May yearly ; and may meet at any other time 
or times which the majority at any former meetings 
shall judge proper, and the Preses is hereby em- 
powered to summon a meeting of the other Directors 
when he pleases, upon twenty-four hours' previous 
warning ; and five of said Directors to be a quorum. 

Fifth, The Directors at their meeting on the first 
Tuesday of July yearly, shall chuse a Librarian, pre- 
ferring one of the name of Stirling to any other of the 
candidates (provided he be equally qualified for the 
oflSce with any other candidate), and the person so 
chosen may be elected for any immber of years, not 
exceeding tour years, and may be re-elected thereafter, 
if the Directors shall think fit, as ofl as they please. 

Sixth, The Librarian so chosen shall be obliged to 
find sufficient security in a sum equal to the value of the 
books, to be ascertained by the Directors ; and he shall 
allow all proper persons to consult and read the books 



STIRLINO'S PUBLIC LIBRARY, 39 

three hours each lawful day. But no book shall be 
lent out of the Library to any person whatever with- 
out an order signed by two of the Directors ; the 
borrower, at same time, depositing a sum equal to the 
value of the book, which is to be forfeited, in case of 
his damaging or losing it, of which damage the 
Librarian is to be the judge ; but in case he sha],l 
value the damage too high, the same may be mitigated 
by the Directors, if they shall see cause, and the 
borrower shall be obliged to return the book borrowed 
within a certain time, not exceeding two wrecks for 
an octavo, four for a quarto, and eight weeks for a 
folio. 

Seventh, The accounts respecting the fund shall be 
balanced yearly, and, after paying the salary to the 
Librarian and other necessary expenses, the remainder 
shall be applied in purchasing books, and which sum 
must never be less than twenty pounds sterling yearly, 
but as much more as possible. And in this remainder 
is meant to comprehend any donations of books or 
money below ten pounds ; and any donation above that 
sum in money is to be lent out, and the interest arising 
therefrom, with the produce of the other funds, to 
be applied in the purchase of books yearly, except the 
Donors shall give other directions, whose directions 
respectively must be sacredly obeyed. 

Eighth, That the accounts to be kept relative to the 
funds shall be balanced yearly, on a day certain, and 
the free fund ascertained, which must not be less than 
twenty pounds. And the Directors shall, at their 
next periodical meeting thereafter, chuse the books to 
be purchased with the said free balance, either manu- 
script or printed, and which I would recommend 
should be rather rare and curious books, than of the 
common and ordinary kinds. And the majority of the 
Directors shall have a power of purchasing any books 
they please, but not of disposing of any without the 
consent of the whole Directors. 



40 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Ninthf Every donor contributing to the extent of 
one hundred pounds sterling, or upwards, to this 
foundation, shall become an extraordinary Director 
during his life, and contributing twenty pounds sterling 
shall be one for five years, and so proportionally for 
what he shall give more. And in case any person 
shall incline to bequest a sum by way of legacy, such 
donor shall have power, by his deed containing the 
bequest, to name an extraordinary Director, who shall 
be continued in the management for such a number of 
years as shall correspond to the sum doted, agreeable 
to the rule above mentioned. 

Tenth, Each of the four incorporated bodies or societies 
above named are hereby empowered, when they shall 
judge proper, to chuse a committee to visit the library, 
and the books thereto belonging, and inspect the books 
of sederunt of the Directors, and the accounts and 
vouchers relative to the funds (which shall be made 
patent to them for that purpose), and to report their 
opinions of all the transactions to their constituents, 
who, upon receiving and considering such report, may 
give such orders to the Directors as they may judge 
necessary or proper, with which the Directors shall bo 
obliged either to comply or to transmit such orders 
back to the Society or Incorporation from whom they 
issued, with the Directors* remarks thereupon, stating 
their reasons for not complying, and the Directors 
shall likewise be obliged, at the same time, to send just 
copies of the whole to each of the other Societies. 
And whatever the majority of the whole of these, who 
shall give their opinion upon the points in dispute, 
shall agree upon as fit, and right to be done, the same 
shall be binding upon the Directors, until it shall be 
altered in like manner. 

Eleventh, I reserve power to myself to name and 
appoint Extraordinary Directors, and also the Libra- 
rian, and to make such additional regulations as I 
may judge proper, by any writing under my hand. 



STIRLING'S PUBLIC LIBRARY. 41 

But as the articles and rules before established, as well 
as those which in future I may see proper to make, 
may be improved upon, and others estabhshed which 
may be better calculated for rendering my Public Lib- 
rary of the greatest use possible ; so I declare that 
whatever regulations or alterations the four Societies or 
Incorporations above mentioned shall think proper to 
make for answering the purpose I have in view, if 
unanimous as Societies, or whatever the said Directors, 
with the consent of any three of the Societies, shall 
agree upon, shall be binding upon the Directors in the 
execution of the trust hereby created. It being under- 
stood, that no regulations or alterations, which may be 
made or agreed to, shall he inconsistent with, or strike 
against the chief or primary view of this Donation, 
viz, : — the constant ana perpetual existence of a Public 
Library for the citizens or inhabitants of Glasgow; 
and that none of the powers or rights hereby granted 
shall prescribe or go into desuetude by not using, but 
shall subsist and remain for ever. And in order that 
my tenement in Miller Street of Glasgow may be 
vested in perpetuity, in the person of the Provost of 
Glasgow for the time being, for himself, and in name 
of the other Directors of my said Library before 
described, to be holden of his Majesty in free burg- 
age, for service of burgh, used and wont, I hereby 
constitute and appoint — [_No names were ever filled in\— 
and each of them, jointly and severally, my lawful and 
irrevocable procurators, with my full power, warrant, 
and commission for me, and in my behalf, duly and 
lawfully to resign and surrender the foresaid tenement 
or steading lying on the east side of Miller Street, 
Number Seven, with the houses and buildings erected 
thereupon, as bounded and described in a Disposition 
thereof granted to me by Robert Oliphant, Esquire of 
Rossie, dated fourth day of August, one thousand 
seven hundred and seventy-nine years, in the hands of 
any one of the BaiUes of Glasgow for the time being ; 



42 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

aad as in the hands of his Majesty, my immediate law- 
ful superior of the same in favour, and for new insert- 
ment thereof, to be granted to the Lord Provost of the 
City of Glasgow, at the time of resignation, as one of 
the Directors of my said Library, for himself and his 
successors in oflSice, and in trust for, and in name and 
behalf of the other Directors of said Library, to be 
chosen in the manner before mentioned, in legal and 
proper form ; and to do and cause to be done every- 
thing which to the office of a procurator in such cases 
belongs. Ratifying hereby, and holding firm all and 
whatever my said procurators shall lawfully do, or cause 
to be done, in virtue thereof, and which lands before 
disponed, I oblige me, and my heirs and successors, to 
warrant to the said Lord Provost of Glasgow, and his 
successors in office, for himself, and in name of the 
other Directors foresaid, at all hands and against all 
deadly. And further, I hereby assign and dispone to 
the said Provost and his foresaids, not only the whole 
writs and evidents of and concerning the foresaid 
steading, and Tontine Society, made, granted, and con- 
ceived in favour of me and my authors, with the whole 
obligements and clauses therein contained, and all 
action and execution competent to me thereupon ; but 
also the rents, maills, and duties of the said lands, 
from and after my Death, and for ever thereafter. 
And I declare that these presents, though found lying 
by me at the time of my death, or in the hands of any 
other person undelivered, shall have the effect of a 
Delivered evident, with the not-delivery whereof I 
hereby dispense ; and consent to the registration thereof 
in the books of Council and Session, therein to remain 
for preservation, and constitute 
my procurators for that purpose. 

In witness whereof, this and the three precedini 
pages, all wrote upon stamped paper, by PatricJ 
Robertson, son of Patrick Robertson, writer in Glas- 
gow, are subscribed by me at Glasgow, the third day 



STIRLING'S PUBLIC LIBRARY. 4» 

of February, Seventeen hundred and eighty-five years, 
before these witnesses, the saids Patrick Robertson, 
senior, and Patrick Robertson, junior, witnesses also to 
my subscribing the marginal note on the first page, 
which is also written by the said Patrick Robertson, 
junior. 

(Signed) Walter Stirling. 

(Signed) Patk. Robertson, Witness. 
Pat. Robertson, Witness. 

The four public bodies to whom the management of 
the library was delegated elected directors early in 
1791. The following gentlemen composed the first 
board : — 

From the Town Council — 

Lord Provost James M'Dowall. 
Richard Marshall. 
John Campbell of Clathic. 
Alexander Brown. 



From the Merchants' House — 

Gilbert Hamilton. 
Robert Findlay. 
Archibald Grahame. 

From the Presbytery of Glasgow — 

Rev. John M'Caul. 
Rev. Robert Balfour. 
Rev. Alex. Rankeii. 

From the Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons — 

Dr. Peter Wright. 
Robert Wallace. 
Alexander Dunlop. 

Lord Provost M'Dowall took much interest in the 
library, and was one of the earliest donors. He re- 
mained on the board until 1794, two years after he 
had vacated the chief magistrateship. He was again 



44 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Lord Provost, 1796 to 1798, and consequently again 
President of the library. He was the chief pro- 
moter of the Royal Infirmary, which was established 
during his provostship. Richard Marshall was a 
director for two years, but rarely attended the 
meetings. He was afterwards appointed barrack- 
master. Alexander Brown was Dean of Guild in 
1784-5. Gilbert Hamilton succeeded Mr. M'Dowall 
in the provostship, holding oflSce for the usual term of 
two years. He was an enthusiastic supporter of the 
library, and was one of the representatives of the 
Merchants House on the directorate from 1802 to 
1810. Robert Findlay was a director to 1796, and 
aofain from 1799 to 1802. Archibald Grahame retired 
in 1796. Rev. John M'Caul was minister of the Troa 
Church, and remained a director for four years. Rev. 
Alexander Balfour was minister of the Outer High 
Church ; he filled the oflSce of director for eight years, 
being returned from the Presbytery from 1791 to 1795, 
and 1808 to 1812. Dr. Alex. Ranken was of the 
Ramshorn Church, and represented the Presbytery at 
the library 1791 to 1795, 1804 to 1807, 1815 to 1818. 
He was the author of a History of France in nine 
volumes, regarding which a good story is told. Wish- 
ing to test the popularity of the work, he one day made 
the following inquiry of Mr. Pate, the second librarian 
of Stirling's Library: — "Pray, Mr. Pate, is Ranken's 
History of France lu ? " "It never was out," was the 
prompt and sarcastic reply. Dr. Peter Wright was 
one of the most assiduous of the early managers of the 
library. He was on the board from its institution till 
1800, again for a year in 1802-3, and for four years 
from 1804 to 1808. He attended almost every meet- 
ing, and took a large share of the work. He is 
mentioned by ** Senex " as the last personage who con- 
tinued to walk the " plainstanes ' (in front of the 
Tontine Buildings) ** decked out with his scarlet cloak 
and cocked hat." 



STIRLING'S PUBLIC LIBRARY. 45 



CHAPTER II. 

The number of Volumes left by Mr. Stirling — Early 
Catalogues — Reprint of the first Catalogue. 

At their first meeting the directors ordered an in- 
ventory to be made of the books left by the founder. 
They were found to number 804, and were valued 
at £160. A list of them is given in the first catalogue 
(issued in 1792). A copy of this catalogue is in the 
library, and is probably the only copy- existing. It is 
a small quarto, printed in the "Courier" office, by 
William Reid & Company. The list occupies the 
first 29 pages ; from that to page 73 is styled " Cata- 
logue Second," and contains the titles of the books 
added by the directors before opening the library. 
"Catalogue third," and appendix — issued in 1795 — 
continues the paging to page 98. The total number of 
volumes in the three catalogues is 3,705. Several 
supplementary catalogues were printed in the early 
years of the present century, and in 1805 it was found 
necessary to issue a new general catalogue. 1,000 
copies of it were printed, not one of which now remains. 
Supplementary catalogues were printed in 1809, 1818, 
1825, and 1828. Although Mr. Stirling's private 
library seems but small in these days, it would prob- 
ably have been impossible to match it in the houses of 
his neighbours. He formed his collection with care 
and judgment, and it may reasonably be taken to in- 
dicate very accurately his tastes and habits. The large 
preponderance of works of history, and the not incon- 
siderable number of books in Latin, quite support the 
received opinion that he was of an antiquarian and 
studious turn, which is perhaps confirmed by his dislike 



46 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW, 

to fiction, although there is of course no valid reason 
why an antiquary should not like a novel now and 
again, as indeed some of our best novelists have been 
erudite and accomplished students of the past. Some 
of the books have risen much in price since Walter 
Stirling purchased them, and are now di£Scult to find, 
and for this reason it is perhaps a pity for the sake of 
the library that he did not in his buying subscribe for 
a copy of the first edition of Burns's poems, so easily 
got then, so scarce and so costly now. As a sample of 
the kind of books collected by a Glasgow gentleman of 
taste and culture in the last century, and as a reprint 
of a unique volume, the author begs leave to present 
here a reproduction of the list of books bequeathed by 
the founder to Stirling's Library. The catalogue is 
here reproduced exactly. 

A Catalogue of the Books that were in the possession 
of the late Mr. Walter Stirling, the founder of 
Stirling's Public Library, at the time of his 
death, and which he bequeathed to that institu- 
tion. 

BOOKS IN FOLIO. 
No. 

History of the World, by Sir Walter Raleigh 
Matthaei Westmonasteriensis Historianim Flores 
Stow's Chronicle of England, continued by Howes — 

black Utter 
Fox's Marty rology, 3 vols. — black letter 
5 Rushworth's Historical Collections, 8 vols. 
Thuani Historia, 4 torn, in 3 
Tillemont's Ecclesiastical Memoirs, vol. I 
History of Great Britain, by John Speed 
Sibbaldi Scotia Illustrata (liistoria NaturaHs) 
10 Keith's History of the Church and State of Scotland 
Abercromby's Martial Atchieveroents of the Scots 

Nation, 2 vol. 
Mackenzie's Lives of Scots Writt-rs, 3 vol. 
Scots Acts of Parliament, by Sir Tho. Murray of 

Glendook 
Wodrow's History of the Sufferings of the Church 
of Scotland, 2 vol. 
15 Buchanani Opera, 2 torn, in uno 



Date. 


Lon 1652 


ib 1570 


ib 1615 


ib 1641 


ib D Y 


Franc 1609 


Lon 1733 


ib 1627 


Edin 1684 


ib 1734 


ibl711 


ib 1708 


Edin 1681 


F^in 1721 


Edin 1715 



STIRLING'S PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



47 



No. 



Sidney's Arcadia 

Barnes' History of Edward the Third 

Wood's Athenae Oxoniensis, 2 vol. 

Stow's Survey of London, 2 vol. 
20 Davila de bello civili Gallico, 3 torn. 

ElnoUes' History of the Turks, continued by Rycaut, 
3 vol. 

Brandt's History of the Eeformation in the Low 
Countries, 4 vol. 

Tyrrell's History of England, 2 vol. 

Spelman's Posthumous Works 
25 Howel's Synopsis Canonum, 2 torn 

Burnet's History of the Eeformation, 3 vol. 

Memoirs of the Dukes of Hamilton 



Date. 

Lon 1725 

Cam 1688 

Lon 1721 

ib 1720 

Rome 1735 

Lon 1687 

ib 1720 
ib 1697 
Oxf 1698 
Lon 1708 
ib 1681 
ib 1677 



Exposition of the 39 Articles of the Church of 

England 
Poole's Annotations on the Old and New Testament, 
2 vol. 
SO Sleidan's History of the Reformation 
Heylin's History of the Presbyterians 
History of the Union, by Daniel Defoe 
Prince Cantemir's History of the Othman Empire 
Harris' Collection of Voyages and Travels, 2 voL 
35 Churchill's Collection of Voyages and Travels, 6 vol. 
Collection of Voyages and Travels from books in 

the Harleian Library 
Collier's Ecclesiastical History of Great Biitain, 2 vol. 
Journals of the Parliaments of Queen Elizabeth, col- 
lected by Sir D. Ewes 
Maddox's History and Antiquities of the Exchequer 
of England 
40 Hayne's Collection of State Papers (from 1542 to 
1570) 
Chaucer's Works, hldck letter 
Cowley's Works 
Venerabilis Bedae Historia Ecclesiastica (cum para- 

phrasi Saxonica) 
Mj^tthaei Paris Angliae Historia 
45 Johnstoni Historia rerum Britannicarum 
Forduni Scotichronicon, 2 torn. 
Camdehi Annales, rerum Anglicarum, 2 torn. 
Hooker's Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity 
Life of Richard Baxter, written by himself 
oO Hobbes' Leviathan 

Walker's Suflferings of the Clergy of the Church of 
England 



ib 1700 

ib 1688 

ib 1689 

Oxf 1670 

Edin 1709 

Lon 1734 

ib 1705 

ib 1744 

ib 1745 
ib 1708 

ib 1682 

Lon 1711 

ib 1740 
ib 1598 
ib 1678 

ib 1644 

ib 1684 

Amst 1655 

Edin 1775 

Lon 1615 

ib 

ib 1696 
ib 1651 



ib 1714 



48 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW, 

No. Date. 

Godwyn's Annals of England, daring the reigns of 

Henry VIII. Edward VI. and Mwy ib 1630 

Fuller's Worthies of England ib 1762 

Church History of Britain, till the year 1 648, 2 voL ib 1 655 

55 Knox's History of the Reformation Edin 1732 

Petri Bembi Historiae Venetae Lug Bat 

Plinii Historia Naturalis Gren 1631 

Titi Livii Historia, cura Fran. Modii, cum notis 

aliorum Franc 1588 

Scapulae Lexicon Graecum Basil 1605 

60 Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War, trans- 
lated by Hobbes ' Lon 1676 
Translation of Virgil's ^neid by G. Douglass Bishop 

of Dunkeld Edin 1710 

Ammianus Marcellinus, translated by Holland; atv- 
nexedf the History of Scanderbeg, translated from 
the French of Lavordin Lon 1596 

The Holy Bible ; black letter ; printed by Grajtcn ib 1541 

black letter ; printed by Barker, 2 vol. ib 1585 

65 Horton's Exposition of 4 select Psalms (the 4, 42, 

51, 63) ib 1675 

The Book of Common Prayer for Scotland Edin 1637 

Spottiswood's History of the Church of Scotland Lon 1655 

Calderwood's History of the Church of Scotland, Lon 1678 

Userii Britannicarum Ecclesiarum Antiquitates ib 1687 

70 Fuller's History of the Holy War and Holy State Cam 1640 
Mather's History of New England Lon 1702 

History of the Reign of Henry the 5th, by Goodwin ib 1 704 
The Life of Henry the 8tli, by Lord Herbert of Cher- 
bury ib 1672 
Polydori Virgilii Anglica Historia Basil 1655 
75 Daniel's History of England, continued by Trussel, and 

annexed, Bacon's Life of Henry the 7th Lon v y 

Wilson's History of James the Ist ib 1653 

The History of Philip de Commines ib 1614 

The Lives of Poiie Alex, the 6th, and of Caisar Borgia, 

by A. Gordon ib 1 730 

Memoirs of the Sieur de Pontis ib 1 694 

80 Histoiy of the Administration of Cardinal Richelieu ib 1657 
Memoirs of France, by Michael de Castilnau ib 1724 

Life of Will. Cavendish, Duke of NewcasUe ib 1669 

Life of Archbishop Usher, with his Letters, by R. Parr ib 1686 
Hidden Works of Darkness, or an Introduction to the 

Trial &c. of Archbishop Laud, by Prynne ib 1645 

85 Canterbury's Doom ; the History of the Trial, Con- 
demn., dux of Aix*h bishop Laud, by Prynne ib 1646 



STIRLING'S PUBLIC LIBRARY, 49 

No. Date. 

The Troubles and Trial of Archbishop Laud, written 

by himself ib 1695 

The Second Volume of the Bemains of Archbishop 
Laud, written by himself, collected by H. 
Wharton (a sequel to the Troubles) ib 1700 

Cyprianus Anglicus, or the Life and Death of Arch- 
bishop Laud, by Heylin Dub 1719 

Pauli Jovii sui Temporis Historia, 2 tom. Lutet 1558 

90 aliud Exemplar, in 1 tomo Basil 1578 

Vitae & Elogia lUustrium Virorum, 2 tom. ib 1578 

History of the Council of Trent, by P. Soave Polano 

(Father Paul) Lon 1640 

De Vita <k Rebus gestis Mariae Scotorum Keginse, 
quae scriptis tradidere Autores sedecim, a Sam. 
Jebb. 2 YoL [The contents of the two volumes are 
set ovi^ Lon 1725 

Journal of the House of Commons from 1606 to 1609 ; 
a manuscript 
95 History of the Troubles of Great Britain from 1633 to 
1650, by Robert Monteth of Salmonet; — added. 
The Causes of the Restoration of Charles the 2d, 
from the French of D. Riordan de Muscry Lon 1735 

Collection of Papers, from authentic Records, in relation 
to the Troubles in England, Scotland, and Ireland, 
from 1639 to 1649, by J. Nelson, L.L.D. 2 vol. ib 1682 

Lives of the Crown Officers of Scotland, by Greo. Craw- 
ford, Vol. I Edin 1726 

Monro's Expedition with a Scots Regiment under the 
King of Denmark, and the King of Sweden, from 
1626 to 1634 Lon 1637 

History and Antiquities of Scotland, to the Death of 
James the 1st, by William Maitland, continued to 
James the sixths's accession to the Crown of Eng- 
land, by another hand ib 1757 
100 Drummond of Hawthornden's History of Scotland, 
during the reign of the five first James's; with 
Memorials of State, during the reigns of James the 
6th, and Charles the 1st ; a/nnexed, his Familiar 
Letters, and the Cypress Grove ib 1655 
Sir Buls. Whitlocke's Memorials of English Afiairs till 

the death of James 1st ib 1709 

Memorials during the Reign of Charles 1st, &c. ib 1682 

History of the Life and Reign of Richard the 3rd, by 

G. Buck ib 1647 

History of the Civil Wars between the Houses of 

York and Lancaster, from the Italian of Biondi ib 1641 

4 



50 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

No. Date. 

105 Chamberlain's History and Survey of London ib 1769 

Burrow's Book of Rates, Vol. I Glas 1774 

Graigii Jus Feudale Lon 1655 

Robert Barclay of Urie's Works ib 1692 

Opera Joannis Forbesii a Corse ; Vita Interior, Theo- 
logia Moralis, Irenicum, cura Pastoralis, Instructi- 
ones Historico-Theologicae, 2 torn. Amst 1 703 

110 JuliiSolini Polyhistor. 

Fuller's Pisgah fight of Palestine Lon 1662 

Thevenot's Travels into Turkev, Persia, and the East- 
Indies " ib 1687 
Sir John Chardin's Travels into Persia and the East- 
Indies ib 1686 
Travels of the Ambassadors of the Duke of Holstein 
through Muscovy, Tartary, and Persia ; annexed^ 
Mandelslo's Travels into the East-Indies. ib 1662 
115 Legatio Batavica ad magnum Tarterise Chamum, per 
Joan. Nieuhovium ; Latinitatedouataper Homium : 
{cum viuUis Tabul%8 aeneia). Amst 1668 
Sandys' Travels through Greece, Egypt, Holy Land, &c Lon 1 670 
History of Lapland, by Scbeffer Oxf 1674 
Conquest of Mexico, from the Spanish of Ant de Solis Lon 1724 
Royal Commentaries of Peru, from the Spanish of 

Inca Garoilasso de la Vega ib 1688 

120 History of the City and State of Geneva, by If. Spon ib 1687 
Chrorographical Description of the British Monarchy 

(engraved) ib 174t< 

Historia & Antiquitates Univendtatis Oxoniensia 

{opera A, Wood) Oxon 1674 

Sibbald's History of Fife and Kinross Edin 1710 

Crawford's History of the shire of Renfrew, and of the 
Family of Stewart ; annexed^ Acts of Sederunt of 
the Lords of Session, from 1661 to 1681, and 

Articles of Regulation 

12{*5 Scobell's collection of Acts of Parliament from 1648 to 

s^ 1651 Lon 1653 

Bacc^n's Natural History ; annexed^ His New Atalantis ib 1631) 
Machi^^vel's Works ib 1680 

Trial of* Lord Stafford and others for High Treason ib 1681 

Acts of t Jie General Assembly of the Church of Scot- 
land v^ from 1694 to 1717 inclusive, and from 1726 
to 176i^, inclusive, 5 vol. Edin v v 

130 Virgilii Opei^-a, 2 tom. (exeudebai FoulU) Glas 17 7S 

Th^ Poetical^ Works of James Thomson, 2 vol. 

(FouU$) ., ib 1784 



STIRLING'S PUBLIC LIBRAE Z 51 

BOOKS IN QUARTO. 
No. Date. 

Desiderata Curiosa, with cuts, by Francis Peck, 2 vol. 



in one 




Lon 1779 


Leland's History of Ireland, 3 vol. 




ib 1773 


Dalrymple's Memoirs of Great Britain and Ireland, 


,3 


vol. 




Edin. 1771 


135 Memoires de Sully, 3 torn. 




Lon 1747 


Histoire d'Angleterre, par Rapin, 10 torn. 




Haye 1727 


Hume's History of England, 6 vol. 




Lon 1762 


Essays 




ib 1758 


Spratt*8 History of the Royal Society 




ib 1702 


1 40 Ainsworth's Dictionary, Latin and English, 


2 voL 


ib 1761 


Howard's State of Prisons 




War 1777 



Journal d'un Voyage au Nord en 1736 & 1737, par 

Outhier Paris 1744 

Joannis Majoris Britanniae Historia Edin 1740 

History of Virginia, by Sir William Keith Lon 1737 

145 Travels of E. Ysbrants Ides from Moscow to China, 

with plates ib 1705 

A collection of Tracts by Tho. Chubb ib 1730 

History of the Military Transactions of the British in 

Indostan, from 1745 to 1755, by Orme ib 1763 

Guiccardini's History of the Wars in Italy, translated 

by Fenton ib 1579 

Marianae Historia de Rebus Hispaniae Bogin 1605 

150 A Voyage to the South Sea, by Mons. Frezier Lon 1717 

History of the Irish Rebellion begun 1641, by Sir John 

Temple ib 1646 

Boyer's Royal French and English Dictionary Hague 1702 

Strada de Bello Belgioo, cumfigwris Franc 1651 

Pomponius Mela de situ Orbis, cum tabulis Lon 1719 

155 Seldeni Uxor Hebraica Franc 1673 

Cinnamus de rebus gestis imperatorum Constanti- 

nopolitorum Traj 1652 

Spanhemii Historia C. Religionis restitutae apud Grenev. 

Genev 1672 
Leslei Scotorum Historia Rom 1675 

Index Nominum Propriorum in Histonis Thuani Genev 1634 
160 Bower's History of the Popes, 7 vol. voith an AppeTidix, 

containing a View of the Controversy between the 

Papists and the Author Lon v y 

Goodwin's Catalogue of the Bishops of England (bl(u:k 

letter) Lon 1615 

Tychonis Brahei Vita, authore P. Gassendo — acceasU, 

Coperuici, Peurbachii, & Regiomontani vita 

(eodem Authore) Par 1654 



52 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

No. Date. 

Aocouut of the Royal Family of Scotland, and of the 

surname of Stewart, by Duncan Stewart Edin 1739 

Oollection of celebrated Criminal Trials, by H. Amot ib 1785 
165 Case of Will. Brereton Captain of the Duke, with an 

Appendix Lon 1779 

A System of English Conveyancing, adapted to Scot- 
land, by J. M*Nayr Glas 1789 

Principal Carstares' State Papers and Letters Edin 1774 

Process of Declarator concerning the Revenue of Glas- 
gow College 1778 

History of the Shire of Renfrew, by Crawford, con- 
tinued by W. Semple Pais 1782 
170 History of the Province of Moray, by Lauchlan Shaw 

Edin 1775 

Rae's History of the Rebellion in 1715 Dum 1718 

Whitelock's Journal of the Swedish Embassy in 1653, 

2 vol Lon 1772 
Account of the Countries round Hudson's Bay, by 

Art. Dobbs ib 1744 
Cook's Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, continued by King, 

3 vol • ibl785 
175 Consideration on India Affairs, by Will. Bolts ib 1772 

Account of the Royal Hospital at Greenwich in 1789 ib 1789 
Papers Relating to the Augmentation of the Stipends of 

the Established Clergy in Scotland Edin 1751 

Chalmer's Estimate of the Strength of Great Britain — 

annexed, Axi Essay on Population, by Judge Hale 

Lon 1782 

The Holy Bible, with Annotations, printed by Barker ib 1600 

180 The Holy Bible, prinUd by Barker ib 1630 

The Holy Bible Edin 1712 

The New Testament in English {black letter) with the 

Latin of Erasmus, printed by GauUier Lon 1550 

The Real Christian, by Fii-min ib 1670 

Fiavel's Treatise on the Soul of Man ib 1698 

185 Collection of the Writings of Lod Muggleton ib v y 

Anderson 8 Defence of the Church Government, &c. of 

the Presbyterians Glas 1714 

Seldeu's History of Tithes 1618 

Alpinus de Mcdicina Egyptiorum, & Bontius de Medi- 

cina Indoi-um Por 1645 

Euclidis Elementa, editio Rob. Simson Ghis 1756 

190 Spens' Translation of the Republic of Plato ib 1763 

The First Book of Milton's Paradise Lost, with Notes 

{by Callender of Craia/arth) ib 1 750 

Pamphlets, 10 vol [The contents o/thete ore $et otit] 



STIRLINffS PUBLIC LIBRARY. 53 

BOOKS IN OCTAVO. 
No. Date. 

Present State of Europe (by OampbeU) Lon 1757 

The True Interest and Political Maxims of Holland, by 

De Witt ib 1746 

The Works of Sir William Temple, 4 vol Edin 1754 

205 Clarendon's History of the Civil Wars in England, 

begun 1741, 6 vol Oxf 1632 

Campbell's Lives of the Admirals of Great Britain, 

4 vol Lon 1742 

Moyle's Works, 2 vol ib 1726 

Greaves' Miscellaneous Works, 2 vol ib 1737 

Johnson's Lives of the English Poets, 4 vol ib 1783 

210 Jenyns' Miscellanies ib 1770 

Emlyn's Collection of Tracts, 2 vol ib 1731 

Liber Niger Scaccarii, Editore Tho. Heamio, 2 torn Oxon 1728 
Neal's History of the Puritans, 4 vol Lon 1732 

Calamy's Life of Baxter, with an Account of the 

Ministers ejected after the Bestoration, and the 

History of Dissenters till 1711, 4 vol ib 1713 

215 Prideaux's Connection of Sacred and Profane History, 

2 vol ib 1718 

Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, with cuts ib 1763 

Pearson's Sermons ib 1718 

Craig's Sermons, 3 vol Edin 1733 

Echard's Ecclesiastical History, 2 vol Lon 1710 

220 Burnet's Abridgement of his History of the Reformation ib 1782 
The Works of Fkvius Josephus, 4 vol Glas 1762 

History of the Translations of the Bible, by John 

Lewis Lon 1739 

Yetus Testamentum Jiixta Septuaginta Interpretes, 

Edidit Jo. Er. Grabe, 8 tom Oxon 1707 

Gillies' Historical Collections of the Success of the 

Gospel, 2 vol Glas 1754 

225 The Trial of Dr. Henry Sacheverel Lon 1710 

Dr. Echard's Works ib 1705 

Father Paul on Ecclesiastical Benefices ib 1736 

Sir Matthew Hale's Contemplations, in 3 parts, 2 vol ib 1689 
An Essay on Witchcraft, by Francis Hutchinson ib 1720 

230 Bayle's Philosophical Commentary on " Compel them," 

&c. 2 vol ^ ib 1708 

Euclidis Elementa, ex versione Commandini Ox 1732 

Locke's Essay on the Human Understanding, 2 vol Lon 1721 
Gordon's Geographical Grammar ib 1749 

Nicolson's English Historical Library, 3 vol ib 1696 

235 Collections on the Scottish History before 1153, by Sir 

James Dalrymple Edin 1705 



54 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW, 

No. Date. 

Negociations of Sir Ralph Sadler, Ambassador to 

Henry 8th ib 1720 

Baillie's Letters and Journals, 2 vol ib 1775 

Bishop Parker's History of His Own Time Lon 1727 

History of the Church and State of Scotland, from the 

Accession of Charles 1st, to the Kestoration of 

Charles 2d, by And. Stevenson, 3 vol Edin 1768 

240 Macky's Memoirs during the reigns of King William, 

Queen Anne, and George 1st Lon 1733 

Memoirs of the Affairs of Scotland, from 1702 to 1708, 

by Lockhart of Carnwath ib 1714 

Historical Treatise of Cities and Burghs, by Dr. Brady ib 1777 
Antiquities of Constantinople, by Gyllius, translated 

by Ball ibl729 

Puffendorfs Litroduction to the History of Europe ib 1719 

245 Complete Histoiy of Sweden ib 1702 

History of the Revolutions of Spain, by Vaii-ac, 5 vol ib 1724 
Robertson's History of Scotland, 2 vol ib 1 761 

History of the Reign of Charles 5th, 3 vol Dub 1769 

History of America 3 vol Lon 1777 

250 Inquiry into the Evidence against Queen Mary 

(Tytler) Edin 1767 

Ockle/s History of the Saracens, 2 vol Cam 1757 

NeaFs History of New England, 2 vol Lon 1747 

Gtordon's History of the American War, 4 vol ib 1 788 

Hamilton's New Account of the East Indies, 2 vol ib 1 744 

255 A Cruising Voyage round the World, by Captain 

Woodes Rogers ib 1726 

Anson's Voyage Round the World ib 1747 

Account of a Voyage Round the World, by W. Betagh ib 1728 
Ulloa's Voyage to South America, 2 vol ib 1772 

Collection of Voyages, Dampier's, Waser's, Cowley's, 

&C. 4 vol ib 1729 

260 Hawkesworth's Account of the Voyages of Byron, 

Cook, Ac. 2 vol. Dub 1774 

Charlevoix's Voyage to North America, 2 vol Lon 1761 

Smith's Voyage to Guinea ib 1 744 

Stewart's Journey to Mequinez inl721 ibl725 

History of the Balearick Islands, or the Kingdom of 

Majorca, translated from the Spanish ib 1719 

265 History of the Island of Minorca, by Jo. Armstrong ib 1756 

A Voyage to the North, from the French. Lon. 1706 

Account of Denmark as it was in 1692 ib 1694 

Observations on Vesuvius, Etna, Ac. by Sir W. Hamilton ib 1774 

270 Account of Peru, and of the Earthquake at Lima in 

1746 ib 1748 



STIRLIN&S PUBLIC LIBRARY. 55 

No. Date. 

A General History of Stirlingshii^e, by Will. Nimrno Edin 1777 
The History of Glasgow, by John Gibson Glas 1777 

Echard's Eoman History, 5 vol Lon 1713 

History of the Parthian Empire, by Tho. Lewis ib 1728 

275 PerizoniiCommentarii Historici de Seculo Sexto decimo Lug 1710 
Hugonis Grotii Annales & Historiae de rebus 

Belgicis. Amst 1658 

History of Peter the Great, by A. Gordon, of Auchin- 
'< toul, 2 vol Aber 1765 

History of Genghizcan the Great, by Petis de la 

Croix Lon 1722 

Vita Caroli Magni per Eginhartum, & Annales Pipini, 

Caroli, &c. Ger 1521 

280 History of Will, de Crov, Governor to Charles 5th. by 

Verillas " Lon 1687 

bl704 
b 1729 
b 1755 
bl753 
bl695 
b 1686 



Life of Pope Sixtus the 5th. by Greg. Leti 
Life and Death of Sir Thomas Moore, by W. Rooper 
Gilpin's Life of Bishop Latimer 
Life of Bernard Gilpin 



•285 The life and Political Testament of Colbert 

Life and Actions of Marshal Turenne, by M. Buisson 

Memoirs of Denzil Lord Hollis, written by himself 

Account of the Duchess of Marlborough, written by 

herself ib 1742 

A Collection of Lives and Memoirs. Memorials of the 
Life of Thomas Hearne^Private Passages of 
the Life of Sir Thomas Pengelly — Memoirs of the 
Family of Talbot — Memoirs of the Life of Louis 
Maximilian Mahomet — Memoirs of the Life of Dr. 
Daniel Williams, with a true Copy of his Will ib v y 

290 Inquiry into the Genealogy of Scottish Surnames, 
with a particular account of the Surname and 
Family of Buchanan, by W. Buchanan of Auch- 
mar Edin 1775 

Johnson's History of Pirates, 2 vol Lon 1726 

History of the Order of the Charter, by Elias Ashmole Lon 1715 
Proceedings of the Lihabitants of Quebec to obtain an 

House of Assembly ib 1775 

Specimen of Naked Truth, from a British Sailor 

(Admiral Vernon) ib 1746 

295 Essays upon Peace at Home and War Abroad, by 

D'Avenant. ib 1704 

ElBsays on Ways and Means ib 1695 

A Discourse on Grants and Resumptions, and For- 
feited Estates, by the Author of '* The Essay on 
Ways and Means." ib 1700 



56 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

No. Date. 

The Speeches and Judgment of the Lords of Session 

in the Douglas Cause Edin 1768 

Grotius de Jure Belli ac Pads, cum Notis Oronovii, 
2 tom 
300 Chronicon Precioeum, an account of the value of Eng- 
lish Money for the last 600 years {by Bishop 
Fleetwood) Lon 1707 

Harris' Description and Use of the Globes ib 1732 

Experiments on Bleaching, by Francis Home Edin 1756 

Mead's Mechanical Account of Poisons Lon 1708 

The History of the Plague in London in 1665, and in 
Marseilles in 1720 
305 Celsus de re Medica, 2 tom Glas 1766 

The Holy Bible Dub 1740 

Walker's Sermons, 3 vol Edin 1784 

Gouge's Works Glas 1751 

Vines' Treatise on the Sacrament Lon 1677 

310 Inquiry into the Constitution, Worship, &c. of the 

Primative Church {by Lord King) ib 

State of the Process against Professor John Simson Edin 1728 
The True Gospel of Jesus Christ asserted, by Tho. 

Chubb Lon 1738 

The Posthumous Works of Tho. Chubb, 2 vol ib 1748 

The Genuine Works of Charles Cotton ib 1715 

315 Nouveau Dictionaire, Francis & Latin Paris 1681 

The Memorable Things of Socrates, translated from 

Xenophon; with the Life of Socrates, by R. 

Charpentier, and the Life of Xenophon Lon 1712 

CI. Schrevelii Lexicon Graeco-Latinum 

Linguae Graecae Institutiones Grammaticae Edin 1725 

Florus, cum notis Salmasii & selectisimis variorum. Arast 1 674 
320 Bailey's Translation of Justin Lon 1732 

Caesar, cum Animadversionibus Vossii, Davisii, &a 

2 tom. Lug B 1713 

Suetonius, in Usum Delphini Lon 1718 

Plinii Secundi Epistolae k Panegyricus Oxon 1686 

Quintus CurtiuR, cum Notis variorum Amst 1673 

325 Eutropius, in Usum Delphini Lon 1716 

The Gentleman's Magazine, from the commencement 
in 1731 to 1739, inclusive, with the years 1741 
and 1744, 11 vol ib v r 

The Scots Magazine from the commencement in 1739, 

to 1789, inclxuive^ 51 vol {con^nu/ed) Edin v T 

Pamphlets, 5 vol. \^Co^iienU are set out,] 



STIRLINO'S P UBLIC LIBAAR Y. 57 

BOOKS IN DUODECIMO, ET INFRA, 

No. Date. 

The Jewish Spy, by D'Argens, 5 vol Lon 1744 

Hudibras, with cuts by Hogarth ib 1732 

-835 Swift's Tale of a Tub, and Battle of the Books Edin 1750 
De Nova Insula Utopia, auctore Th. Moro Glas 1750 
Milton's Paradise Lost Lon 1730 
Pope's Poetical Works, 4 vol Glas 1768 
Iliad, 4 vol ib 1767 

^40 Odyssey, 3 vol ib 1768 

Dryden's Translation of Virgil, 3 vol ib 1769 

The Metrical History of Sir William Wallace, by 

Blind Harry, 3 vx)l Per 1790 

Le Diable Boiteux, par Le Sage, 2 torn Lon 1759 

The Blackbird, a Collection of Songs Edin 1764 

345 Shaftesbury's Characteristics, 3 vol 1757 

Nettleton on Virtue and Happiness Glas 1751 

Locke on the Conduct of the Understanding 1741 

Human Prudence Dub 1728 

A Caf) of Grey Hairs for a Green Head, by C. Trench- 
field Lon 1710 

350 Hoyle's Games Improved ib 1779 

The Interest of Princes and States, by the Duke de 

Rohan Lon 1641 

A Select Collection of Tracts, by Walter Moyle Glas 1750 

A Free Inquiry into the Origin of Evil, by Soames 

Jenyns Lon 1757 

Bishop Burnet's Tracts ; Travels, Answers to Verillas, 

&c. 2 vol ib 1689 

355 A Treatise on the Second Sight Edin 1763 

The Frauds of Romish Monks and Priests, 2 vol Lon 1704 

Relation Historique de la Peste de Marseille, en 1 720 Colog 1721 
Present State of England, by Ed. Chamberlyne Lon 1680 

The Bye Laws and Regulations of the Marine Society ib 1775 

360 Gee on the Trade and Navigation of Great Britain Glas 1767 
Child's New Discourse on Trade ib 1751 

The Causes of the Decline of Foreign Trade Edin 1756 

Forbes on Bills of Exchange ib 1718 

L' Histoire Universelle, par Bossuet, 2 tom Paris 1758 

365 Histoire Ancienne, par Rollin, 13 tom Amst 1738 

L' Histoire de Louis XL par Duclos, 3 tom Haye 1750 

History of the Reign of Lewis the 13th. by Vassor, 

3 vol Lon 1701 

Le Siecle de Louis 14. par Voltaire, 2 tom Edin 1752 

Ordonnance de Louis 14. pour les Arm^, &c. Paris 1689 

^70 History of the Russian Empire under Peter the Great^ 

by Voltaire, 2 vol Berw 



58 THE LIBRARIES OF OLASGOW. 

No. Date, 

Revolutions de la Rcpublique Romain, par Yertot, 

3 torn Paris 1720 

Kevolutions de Suede, 2 torn Vertot ib 1751 

Kevolutions de Portugal, Vertot ib 1758 

Kerum Scoticarum Historia, auctore G. Buchanano Edin 1700 
375 History of Scotland from 1436, by Lindsay of Pitscottie Glasl749 

Historia Motuum in regno Scotiae (ab 1637 at 1640) Dant 1641 

Introduction to Anderson's Diplomata Scotiae^ by Tho. 

Euddiman Edin 1773 

Bemarks on the History of Scotland, by Sir D. Dal- 

rymple ib 1773 

Tracts of Sir Thomas Urquhart of Cromarty ib 17i>2 

380 Examination of Q. Mary's Letters to Bothwell, by 

Goodall, 2 vol ib 1754 

Crawfurd's Memoirs of the Affairs of Scotland, ^ram 

1566, to 1581 ib 1767 

Moyses' Memoirs of the Affairs of Scotland, from the 
beginning of the Reign of James 6th. till his 
Accession to the Crown of England, with a Dis- 
course on Gowry's Conspiracy ib 1755- 

Melvil's Memoirs during the Reigns of Elizabeth, Mary, 

and James 6th. Glas 1751 

Bishop Guthrie's Memoirs of the Affairs of Scotland, 

from 1637 to the death of Charles 1st. ib 1747 

385 Scotstarvet's Staggering State of Scots Statesmen Iklin 1754 

Ludlow's Memoirs relating to England, from the be- 
ginning of the Civil Wars tUl the Restoration, 
3 vol Edin 1751 

Wei wood's Memoirs relating to England, from 1588 to 

the Revolution Glas 1749 

Eai*l of Balcarras' Memoirs of the Revolution, 1688, in 

Scot, Edin 1754 

Fletcher of Saltoun's Political Works Glas 1749 

390 Bishop Burnet's History of His Own Time, 6 vol Lon 1725 

History of tlie Conflicts of the Clans Glas 1764 

Plutarch's Lives, 6 vol Edin 1757 

Diog. Laertius de vita & moribus Philoeophorum Lug 1559 

395 La Vie de Charles Y. de I'ltalien de LeU, 4 tom Bmf. 1710 

Memoirs of the Marquis of Montrose, from the Latin 

of Wishart Edin 1756 

La Vie de Bayle, par Maizeaux, 2 tom Haye 1732 

Memoirs of John (Gordon of Glencat Lon 1733 

A Genealogical Acoount of the House of Stewart, by 

D. Symson Edin 1712 

History of the House of Douglas, by Hume of Gods- 
croft, 2 vol ih 1743- 



STIRLING'S P UBLia LIBRA R 7. 59 

No. Date. 

400 The life of the Rev. Philip Henry Lon 1712 

The Life of the Rev. Matthew Henry, by W. Toiig ib 1716 
The Life of the Rev. Joseph Alleine ib 1763 

History of the Bucaniers of America, 2 vol ib 1741 

Cluverii Introductio in universam Geographiam Amst 1651 

405 Martini Martinii Sinica Historia ib 1659 

Olai Magni Gentium Septentrionalium Histoi*iae 

Breviarum Lug 1652 

Seveiinnus de Monzambano de statu imperii Ger- 

manici 1684 

Hispania & Portugallia, Commentarius de opibus, &c. ib. 1 64 1 
Les Declices des Pais-bas Brus 1700 

410 An Account of the Republic of Geneva, by G.Keate Lon 1761 
Brydone's Tour through Sicily and Malta, 2 vol Dub 1775 

Scraston's Reflections on Indostan Lon 1761 

Martin's Voyage to St Kilda ib 1698 

Wallace's Account of the Islands of Orkney, with 

an Essay concerning the Thule of the Antients ib 1 700 

415 Brand's Description of Orkney, Zetland, Pightland 

Firth, <kc. Edin 1701 

The Antiquities of Durham Abbey Durh 

M'Ure's History of Glasgow Glas 1736 

The Muses Threnodie, by H. Adamson, first printed 

in 1638, toith Antiquities chiefly relating to Pert/iy 

(i:c. cm Account of Gowrie^s Conspiracy^ 2 vol. 

pub, by J, Cam.t " Perth 1774 

Scots Acts of Parliament, from the Fiinst Parliament 

of James 7th (1685) to the Union Edin 1731 

420 Stewart's Abridgement of the Acts of Parliament 

from the First Parliament of James 1st. (1424) 

to the Union, continued by Bruce to 1726 Edin v y 

Acts of the General Assembly of the Church of Scot- 
land, from 1638 to 1649, inclusive 1682 
Notes on a Variety of Subjects in Law, by John 

M'Coull, a Manuscript 
Sir George Mackenzie's Institutions of the Law of 

Scotland Lon 1694 

The Grandeur of the Law, by H. Philipps ib 1684 

425 The Complete Copy-holder, by Sir Edward Coke ib 1673 

Forbes on Church Lands and Tithes Edin 1705 

Tracts on Marriage and Divorce, by Ber. Ochino, 

Castamore, &c. Lon 1736 

Interesting Histories and Trials, translated from the 

French, 2 vol ib 1744 

Praxis Medica Hermann! Boerhaave, 5 torn Pett 1728 

430 Le Chimi^en Dentiste, par Fauchard, 2 torn Par 1728 



60 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

No. Date. 

Traits de la Colique, par Parcel ib 1767 

Eeill'8 Anatomy Lon 1734 

The Holy Bible Edin 1743 

The Holy Bible, 2 vol Lon 1684 

435 Biblia Sacra ex Seb Castellionis Interpretatdone [4 

torn.] ibl726 
Psalterium, ManurScripttun, cum lAteris inUiailihua 

iUuminatia <k deauratia 

The Khemes New Testament 1749 
Disputation haldin in Scotland the Zeir 1580, betwix 
the Praetendit Ministeris (reformed) and Nicol 

Borne, Prof, in Sanctandrois, &a Paris 1581 
The True Crucifixe for True Catholics, by Sir W. 

Moore, of Rowallane Edin 1629 

440 Comparative Theology Glas 1752 

Hugo Grotius de veritate Eeligionis Christianae Amst 1680 

Amesius de Conscientia ib 1643 
Spanhemii introductionis Epitome ad Antiquitates 

Sacras Lug 1675 

Spicilegia Antiq. Aegypti, &a auctore G. Jameson Glas 1720 

445 Fleming's Fulfilling of the Scripture, 2 vol 1681 
The Success of Two Danish Missionaries in Malabar Lon 1718 

Histoire des Yaudois, par Boyer Haye 1691 

Exposition of the Book of Job, by J. Durham. Glas 1759 

Rise and Progress of Religion, &c. by P. Doddridge Lon 1750 

450 Sermons, by H. Binning Glas 1760 

Sermons and Essays, by J. M'Laurin ib 1755 

Religio Medici (Broum) Lug 1644 

The Religious Stoic, by Sir Geo. Mackenzy Lon 1698 

Busbequii Omnia quae extant Lug 1633 

455 Georgii Buchanani Poemata quae extant Amst 1687 

Grotius de Mari Libero, & P. Merula de Maribus ib 1633 
Huygen's Conjectures concerning the Planetary 

Worlds Glas 1757 

Les Aventures de Telemaque, par Fenelon Lon 1755 

Homeri Dias, Gr. & Lat, 2 torn Glas 1778 

460 in uno tomo Cant 1664 

Fabellae uEsopicae & Vita ^Esopi, studio Camerarii Yoeg 1564 
Lucretius de Rerum Natura, cum commentariis Lam- 

bini Franc 1583 

Ciceronis Opera Omnia, 20 tom. typia Faults Glas 1749 

ViiTjilii Opera ib 1775 

465 Ovidii Opera, 5 torn. typU Brindley Lon 1745 

Comelii Nepotis imperatorum Yitae Glas 1777 

Taciti Opera ad Editionem Gronovii, 2 torn, in uno ib 1743 

Yalerii Maximi dicta £actaqae Memorabilia Amst 1671 



STIMLINffS PUBLIC LIBRARY. 61 

No. Date. 

Velleii Paterculi Hist Born, cum notis Ger. Vossii ib 1664 
470 De Oaesaribus, Egnatius, Dion, Yopiscus, &c. ti/pis 

Aldi Yen 1516 

Lipsii Antiquitatem Eomanarum Breviarium Lon 1692 

Hobbe's Translation of the Iliad and Odyssey ib 1677 

Maronides, or Virgil Travestie, by J. Phillips ib 1 672 

Creech's Translation of Lucretius, with Notes ib 1715 

475 Buddimanni Grammatica {majw) 2 torn. Edin 1725 

— . — Grammatica {minor) ib 1771 

Boyer*s French Grammar Lon 1733 

Ross's French Grammar Glas 1772 
Pamphlets, 5 vol. [Contents are set out,^ 



CHAPTER HI 

Inadequacy of the Bequest — Books to be lent out — Open- 
ing of Library — First Libranan — Incidents of Early 
Years — Mr. James Pate — Libi^aiy Removed to Hut- 
chesons Hospital — Affairs in Confusion : Inquiry 
and Report— John Struthers — Alterations on the Con- 
stitution — New Buildings — Amalgamation ofGlasgoio 
Public Libraiy — Scouler Bequest — Decline of the 
Library. 

The inadequacy of the bequest embarrassed the direc- 
tors, and they therefore set themselves with vigour 
to consider what means might be adopted to enable 
them to carry out the wishes of the founder. It was 
proposed to sell the house in Miller Street, also the 
share in the Tontine Society, and to expend the money 
left by Mr. Stirling on building or hiring a place suit- 
able for the Hbrary, but the Solicitor-General declaring 
that to be beyond the power of the directors, the pro- 
posal was abandoned. It was finally resolved to amend 
the constitution, the principal alteration being the in- 
sertion of a clause authorizing the lending out of books 



62 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

to (life) subscribers of three guineas. Formal announce- 
ment of this arrangement was made in the newspapers, 
and books lay at places of public resort for the en- 
rolment of members. 

The effort was crowned with success, 92 subscribers 
being admitted at the first meeting, and the total num- 
ber enrolled during the first year amounting to 202. 
Mr. Stirling's house being found unsuitable for the ac- 
commodation of the library, a room was engaged in St. 
Enoch's Square, from the Faculty of Physicians and 
Surgeons, at a yearly rent of twelve pounds. 

The Rev. (afterwards Dr.) William Taylor, minister 
of St. Enoch's Church, was elected librarian, at a salary 
of thirty pounds per year, or the use of such rooms in 
the Miller Street house as were not let. It is hardly 
necessary to say that Mr. Taylor chose the thirty 
pounds. He was by all accounts an estimable gentle- 
man, inclined to take things easily, as would appear from 
the following account of him by *' Senex," in " Glasgow 
Past and Present" : — ** Dr. Taylor was always glad to 
give out a load of books at once, as it savea him the 
trouble of frequent application to the shelves. The 
doctor in particular was very reluctant to take the 
ladder and mount aloft to the upper shelves of 
the library in search of old, dusty, cob-webbed 
volumes so enticing to our antiquaries, this opera- 
tion causing the necessity for the application of a 
clothes-brush to his clerical blacks. I have known the 
doctor to give out books by armfuls, and he was not 
very particular about the period when they were re- 
turnea, for the longer they were kept out so much less 
trouble was it to him. I must say, however, that Dr. 
Taylor was a polite and obliging librarian." One hun- 
dred pounds worth of books were purchased, and so 
popular did the library become that, in May, 1792, it 
was proposed to raise the subscription to five guineas, 
which was eventually done in March, 1793. It was 
further raised in 1816 to ten guineas, and six years 



STIRLING'S PUBLIC LIBRARY. 63 

afterwards it was reduced to seven guineas. At this it 
remained until 1833, when it was again fixed at five 
guineas, at which it has continued ever since. In 1792 
a Seal of Cause was granted by the Lord Provost and 
Magistrates erecting the library into a corporate body. 
The library was opened daily from eleven to two. It 
is indicative of the pastoral character of the times that 
in one of the early minutes a complaint appears that 
the town bulls had run up and damaged the stairs of 
the Miller Street property, and the librarian was di- 
rected to get them repaired at the charge of the Cor- 
poration. The bulls would probably be in charge of 
the town herd who every morning collected the cattle be- 
longing to the inhabitants and drove them to the Cow- 
caddens to graze, bringing them back in the evening. 

It is worth noting that one of the early meetings was 
held in the Tontine Tavern. The troublous nature of 
the closing years of the eighteenth century is forcibly 
brought to mind by an order of the directors, dated 
May, 1794, that Payne's '* Rights of Man," and other 
books, having been adjudged seditious, are not to be 
given out. A member who did not find it convenient 
to avail himself of his membership card, asked leave to 
hand over the privilege to a young man of his acquaint- 
ance, whom he described as possessing an unquenchable 
thirst for knowledge. It is to be hoped that the young 
gentleman found other means of allaying his thirst, as 
the directors decided that only the subscriber could use 
the library. A proposal made in 1792 to admit annual 
subscribers at a guinea per year was approved of by 
three of the four bodies having an interest in the lib- 
rary. But the Merchants' House disapproving of it, 
the idea was given up, not to be resumed again in a 
practical shape for more than half a century. 

At first only persons resident in Glasgow were ad- 
mitted as members, but in August, 1793, it was agreed 
to admit those residing within ten miles of the city, or 
staying in it for a part of the year. 



64 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

On nth May, 1795, the Rev. Mr. Taylor resigned 
the office of librarian, and was succeeded by Mr. 
William Meikleham, who held the post for a year, 
being in turn succeeded by Rev. James Pate. Mr. 
Taylor was afterwards a director. Nothing of im- 
portance occurs in the records of the library for many 
years. The affairs of the institution did not apparently 
excite much interest even among the directors, for 
although only four statutory meetings were held each 
year, no business was done at many of them for want 
of a quorum. In 1801, the Town Council neglected 
to elect directoi*s, and in accordance with a clause in 
the will of the founder, the other three managing 
bodies each elected a director to make up the number. 
This happened again in 1808. In January, 1808, Mr. 
Pate, having been appointed keeper of the Hunterian 
Museum, resigned the office of librarian. He seems 
to have been a careful and diligent servant. Of a 
severe, saturnine disposition, he ruled his little domain 
with a iiigh hand, and was much feared by the luckless 
persons who aroused his ire. " Senex," in a charac- 
teristic letter written to the directors in 1848, says 
that Mr. Pate was the only valuable librarian the 
library had ever possessed. 

He examined every book as it was returned, leaf by 
leaf, and if torn, mended it there and then. This 
enabled him to detect the author of any damage, and 
woe to the delinquent ! " I have seen ladies stand 
trembling from top to toe under the scolds of Mr. 
Pate, for having returned books a little spoiled, or 
with a slight spot of ink." After occupying the 
curatorship of the Hunterian Museum for a jshort time 
Mr. Pate was presented to the charge of Innerleithen, 
Peeblesshire. 

His successor, Alexander Gray, described as a preach- 
er of the Gospel, held office until November, 1812, when 
he was appomted to the parish of Kincardine in Men- 
teith, Perthshire. The next librarian — John Cumming 



STIRLING'S PUBLIC LIBRARY. 65 

— was also a preacher of the Gospel, and remained in 
the library until he received a presentation to the 
parish of Fraserburgh in January, 1815. He died in 
1857 in the 85tli year of his age and the 42nd of his 
ministry. The Rev. Matthew Muir was the next 
keeper of the books, and continued in office until his 
death in 1832. The premises in St. Enoch's Square 
do not seem to have been over-suitable. In 1795 a 
committee was appointed to inquire as to whether the 
library could secure accommodation in the Assembly 
Rooms (now the Athenaeum), but it never reported. 
When the patrons of Hutchesons' Hospital were 
erecting their new buildings, negotiations were entered 
into, with the result that in 1805 the library was 
moved into the main hall of the buildings. 

The minute books of this period contain the record 
of little but routine business. In 1796, a donation of 
books was received from Mr. and Miss Coulter, form- 
ing the first considerable gift of books. Books were 
also presented by Mrs. Colonel Ritchie (1802), Robert 
Reid, "Senex'' (1807), Robertson Buchanan (1810), 
Alexander Molleson (1812), and Kirkman Finlay, 
M.P. for Glasgow (1817). In 1826 over 600 volumes 
were received from William Jameson, jun., merchant 
in Glasgow. 

A special label was printed for them, and a separate 
catalogue was ordered to be prepared. In addition to 
these there were many gifts of lesser amount, the most 
interesting being that from the distinguished Governor- 
General of India, Warren Hastings, of a copy of the 
report of the debates in the House of Lords on his trial. 
It is inscribed : "To Mr. Stirling's Library, from 
Mr. Hastings." In 1817, the ubiquitous tax-gatherer 
attempted to levy a rate on the library under the 
Servant Tax, but the insinuation that the library was 
a shop, and the librarian a shopman, was repelled with 
much warmth. On 12tli August, 1822, the usual 
quarterly meeting of directors was not held on account 



5 



66 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASOO W. 

of the King's visit to Edinburgh, and in February, 
1832, it is recorded that no directors came to the 
meeting owing to "peculiar circumstances." The 
cholera epidemic of this year is probably here referred 
to. At the death of the Rev. Matthew Muir the 
affairs of the institution were found to be much con- 
fused. A considerable sum of money was missing, and 
many books. 

The money was replaced from Mr. Muir's personal 
bank account, and some of the books were recovered, 
but a number of valuable ones were never found. A 
committee was appointed to inquire into the state of 
the library, and to suggest such improvements in the 
mode of management as they might deem necessary. 
The directors entrusted with this duty discharged it in 
a very thorough and satisfactory way. They made a 
searching investigation, and drew up an exhaustive 
report. This report contained a summary view of the 
library from its foundation, with a valuable statistical 
table of the revenue and exptmditure, and concluded 
with some sensible suggestions on the management 
and cataloguing of the books. The report was adopted, 
and its recommendations carried out. The books were 
put in order, and a classified catalogue issued. This is 
the only classified catalogue of Stirling's Library, and 
the best complete catalogue of the library issued. 
None of the others are good specimens of cataloguing, 
the first one least of all In it the names of the books 
are entered in the order in which they stood on the 
shelves, a plan the inconvenience of which may be 
experienced by looking for a work in the average book- 
auctioneer's catalogue of the present day. This refor- 
mation of 1832, and the entry of the institution on 
what seemed to be a vigorous career, forms a sort of 
halting-place, and is a convenient point from which to 
review the previous history of the library. From May, 
1791, to May, 1832, a period of forty-one years, 607 
persons were enrolled as members. Of these, 377 



STIRLING'S P VBLIC LIBRAR 7. 67 

joined during the first two years, the following thirty- 
nine years witnessing an addition of only 270. The 
first two years give an average increase per year of 
188 ; the following thirty-nine years give an average of 
7. 389 members paid three guineas, 178 paid five 
guineas, 7 paid ten guineas, and 33 paid seven guineas. 
The revenue and expenditure during the forty-one 
years were as follows : — 

Revenue. 
Rent of house in Miller Street, 
Interest on £1,000 lodged with Cor- 
poration of Glasgow, - - 
Dividends on share in Tontine Society, 
Subscriptions of Subscribers, - 
Sale of Catalogues, - 
From other sources, . . - 



£2.927 


10 





1,927 
342 

2,475 

177 

69 


19 


18 
5 

15 


1 


8 
6i 


£7,920 


8 


3i 


£4,114 

1,820 

371 


13 

2 
18 


10 

7 
7 


252 
792 
536 



8 
5 


11 
9 
4 



Expenditure. 
Books and Binding, . . - 

Salaries and Gratuities to Librarians, 
Insurances and PubUc Burdens, 
Printing, Stationery, Advertising, 

and Law Accounts, - 
Rent of Library, . - . . 
Repairs and miscellaneous expenses, 

Total, £7,887 10 
The annual income in 1832 was estimated at 
JE156 15s. 8d., made up as follows : — 
Rent of property in Miller 

Street, - - - £95 
Interest on City Bond, - 35 
Dividend on Tontine Share, 4 
Subscriptions of Members 

(average of ten years), - 22 15 8 

£156 15 8 



G8 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW, 

The expenditure was estimated at 
£95 15s. 8d., made up as follows: — 

Librarian's Salary, - - £50 
Insurance, - - - 7 10 
Incidental expenses, - 8 5 8 
Rent of Library, - - 30 

95 15 8 

Balance available for the purchase of 

books, £61 

The number of subscribers at May, 1832, was 300, 
" a larger number," the report adds, " than should 
have been from the ordinary calculations of life." 

The growth of the collection had been about as slow 
as the increase in subscribers, relatively speaking. As 
has been already stated, Mr. Stirling's Ubrary con- 
sisted of 804 volumes. These were at once added to, 
and the first catalogue (1792) contained the titles of 
2,000 volumes. In 1795 these had increased to 3,705. 
On 26th September, 1816, there were 5,899 volumes 
in the library (Cleland's " Annals of Glasgow," v. ii. 
p. 436). The same writer, in his " Rise and Progress 
of the City of Glasgow," gives the number in Novem- 
ber, 1819, as 6,360. This gives an increase of 2,655 
volumes from 1795, an average yearly increase of 
about 111 volumes. If the donations be subtracted, a 
very small number is left to have been added by pur- 
chase. The number of volumes in the library in 1832 
is not given in the report of the committee, but the 
value of them is stated to be £3,300. 

Out of a considerable number of competitors, one of 
whom was John Struthers the poet, Mr. John Wyllie 
was appointed hbrarian. 

Mr. Wyllie, who was previously a dealer in foreign 
books in the city, did not long enjoy his appointment, 
dying in 1833. He was succeeded by Mr. Struthers, jubt 
mentioned, the author of the " Poor Man s Sabbath," 
and other poems, and a '' History of Scotland from 



STIRLING'S PUBLIC LIBRARY. 69 

the Union in 1707 to the year 1827," two volumes, 
octavo, Glasgow, 1827. His complete poetical works 
and autobiography were issued in 1850 in two pretty 
little volumes. 

The story of his life is told with great modesty. He 
was bom at Longcalderwood, in the parish of East 
Kilbride, where his father was for upwards of forty 
years the principal shoemaker. He received little 
schooling, save what his mother gave him. She 
taught him to write, by writing down in a very rude 
manner on a slate the letters of the alphabet, which 
the boy carefully copied. He was also taught to read 
by his mother from the Shorter Catechism, learning 
the words and the questions at the same time. 

He learned his father's craft, and plied it for many 
years in Glasgow. His first volume was published in 
1804, at sixpence, and, helped by a favourable review 
in an Edinburgh periodical, was sold out in a few 
weeks. He was intimate with Joanna Baillie, by whose 
advice Messrs. Ballantyne of Edinburgh published a 
complete edition of his poems, giving him thirty pounds 
and two dozen copies. He was an amiable and God- 
fearing man, judging everybody with great charity— a 
timid soul, doubtful of his own ability, preserving a 
fresh heart and an uncomplaining spirit through 
a long life, marked by hard times, and latterly clouded 
by heavy sorrow and affiction. 

Whether owing to Mr. Struthers or not, the library 
during his occupancy of the post of librarian declined 
rapidly. The number of subscribers at the date of his 
entering office was a little over 300. When he 
resigned in 1848 it had dwindled down to 105. From 
1833 to 1837 35 members joined ; during the next five 
years, 1837 to 1842, only 11 were added, while from 
the latter date to 1848 there seems to have been no 
addition at all to the membership. In 1833 it was 
proposed to erect a library building at the back of Mr. 
Stirling's house, and plans and estimates were obtained 



70 THE LIBRARIES OF 0LA8Q0W. 

and the erection proceeded with, but although the new 

t>lace is reported, in 1835, to be nearly ready, the 
ibrary remained in its home in Hutchesons' Hospital 
buildings for nine years longer. In this connection it 
may be worth mentioning that the Library Hall was 
used for the meeting of the British Association for the 
Advancement of Science on their visit to Glasgow in 
1840. In 1841 the patrons let the body of the hall 
for a reading-room, and Mr. Struthers was allowed to 
look after the room, in addition to his duties a» 
librarian. 1842 witnessed a spirited attempt to 
resuscitate the institution. To so low an ebb had 
matters come that the committee appointed to con- 
sider the situation reported that only 72 members 
were using the library, and added that it was painfully 
obvious that unless some means were taken by the 
directors to infuse new life into the institution its 
present languid and declining condition would soon 
end in its destruction. One of the remedies suggested 
was the addition to the managing board of representa- 
tives from the subscribers, which suggestion was 
carried into effect in 1848. This report was accom- 

{)anied by one from the Committee on Library Buildings 
aying before the directors a number of schemes for 
the accommodation of the library, and recommending 
that which proposed to enlarge and utilize the building 
at the back of the house in Miller Street. This 
proposal was adopted, and the whole of the altera- 
tions and additions being completed, the books were 
removed from Hutchesons' Hospital buildings, where 
they had been for nearly forty years, to their new 
habitation in June, 1844. In this place, which is 
now used as a warehouse, the library remained until 
1864, when the present premises were erected. Noth- 
ing practical resulted from this awakening, and in 
course of a year or so the old torpor supervened* In 
1848 came another revival. A new committee was 
appointed, and reported in favour of the admission of 



STlRLINffS PUBLIC LIBRARY. 71 

annual members, and of the addition to the manage- 
ment of eight directors, elected by and from amongst 
the subscribers. To Mr. Andrew Liddell, a munificent 
donor, is due the main credit of the success which 
attended the labours of this committee, and he very 
deservedly headed the poll at the first election of the 
additional directors. The four public bodies ratified 
the proposals of the committee, and also agreed to make 
several improvements in the building for the better 
accommodation of the readers which it was anticipated 
would flock to it. Owing to his feeble health, it was 
found necessary to dispense with the services of the 
librarian, Mr. Struthers, and Mr. William Auld was 
elected in his place. The library was opened on 
Christmas Day, 1848, under the new conditions, and 
on 8th January, 1849, for the first time in its history 
the public were admitted in the evening. Previous 
to this gas was not used in the building. This re- 
opening was probably the first occasion on which free 
use was made of the collection, the " three hours per 
day," mentioned in the will of the founder, having 
been a dead letter up to this time. Just before the 
alteration of the constitution the number of members 
was 105. Up to the day of the election of directors 
(19th January, 1849), 11 life and 118 annual members 
had made application for admission. On that date the 
subscribers met and elected the following gentlemen — 
all of whom are now dead — to represent them on the 
Board of Directors : — Andrew Liddell, Richard S. 
Cunlifi*, William Cockey, William Bogle, Joseph 
Fleming, Robert Buchanan, William Brodie, Robert 
Reid ("Senex"). 

The new constitution provided for the election of a 
vice-president, treasurer, and secretary. Mr. James 
Playfair, one of the directors elected by the Town 
Council, was the first vice-president; Mr. Andrew 
Liddell the first treasurer ; and Mr. William Cockey 
the first secretary. Fortune smiled on the institution 



72 THE LIBRARIES OF 0LA800W. 

for a few years. The report for the eighteen months, 
from 1st October, 1848, to 30th March, 1850, bore 
that the life subscribers had increased firom 116 to 131, 
and the annual subscribers from 118 to 298 — ^the 
total number of members therefore being 429. No 
account had been kept of the number of volumes con- 
sulted, but the consultations had been numerous. 900 
volumes had been added, and 500 repaired. The 
following very valuable donations had been received 
amongst others : — The Maitland Club pubUcations ; 
" Edinburgh Annual Register," 24 volumes ; Calvin 
Society's publications, 27 volumes ; Dugdale's Mon- 
asticon, 8 volumes ; and other works from Mr. James 
Bogle, 80 volumes from Mr. Andrew Liddell, and 57 
volumes from Mr. William Euing. 

In April, 1851, it was reported that the subscribers 
numbered 423, consisting of 127 life and 296 annual, a 
slight decrease on the number of the previous year. 
10,569 volumes — of which only 30 per cent, was 
fiction — were consulted in the reference department. 
Next year showed an increase of 104 annual and 1 life 
subscriber, and also an increase of 865 in the issue of 
books. The year following, 1852-3, witnessed a still 
further increase in both number and issue. In 1853-4, 
the last year of this period of which reliable statistics 
are available, there was a decrease of 3 life and 26 
annual subscribers, and the number of books issued 
was 2,612 less than that of the previous year. 

On 5th April, 1851, Mr. Auld resigned, and was 
succeeded by Mr. J. B. Simpson, previously a director, 
brother-in-law of the late Sheriff Glassford Bell, and 
husband of " Gertrude," author of ** Linda, and other 
Poems," and the beautiful and widely-known hymn, 
" Go when the Morning Shineth." Mr. Simpson was a 
man of wide reading and occasionally handled the 
brush. Several of the old and curious books bear 
descriptive labels in his handwriting, evidencing a good 
deal of out-of-the-way knowledge. He published in 



STIRLING'S PUBLIC LIBRARY, 73 

1872 a volume of short pieces entitled "Literary and 
Dramatic Sketches." In his hands the library does 
not appear to have been conducted to the satisfaction 
of the directors. But as the present writer does not 
feel it incumbent on him to put on record all the per- 
sonal disagreements which may have occurred amongst 
those concerned in the management of the library from 
time to time, save where the adequate telling of the 
story would be impaired, it will suffice to say that Mr. 
Simpson left the service of the directors towards the 
end of 1860 on anything but pleasant terms. His 
jsuccessor, Mr. David Blair, was appointed in April, 
3 861. From this time matters began to improve. In 
1860-61, 13,351 volumes were issued in the reference 
department; in the following year the issue increased 
to 39,633 ; the issue of the next year was 56,587, and 
the succeeding year (1863-64) 61,343. The increased 
business soon overleapt the accommodation which was 
sufficient in 1844, and the directors therefore took 
down the old Stirling mansion and erected on its site 
the present library buildings. For this purpose they 
borrowed the sum of £3,600, to be repaid in annual 
payments of £250. The last of these falls to be paid 
at Whitsunday, 1888. The new Library Hall was 
opened on 11th April, 1865, by Lord Provost Blackie. 
A picture of Mr. Stirling's house is given in " Glasghu 
Facies." Pecuniary difficulties presenting themselves, 
a loan of £1,500 was received from the Corporation, 
and about 100 life subscribers at £5 5s. each were 
enrolled. In 187 . the Glasgow Public Library, a sub- 
scription library formed in 1804, amalgamated with 
Stirling's, and the title of the institution was changed 
to " Stirling's and Glasgow Public Libraiy." In 1872 
Dr. William Scouler, Professor of Mineralogy in the 
Royal Dublin Society, bequeathed his books, number- 
ing over 2,000, to the library. They consist mainly of 
foreign works, including many specimens of early 
Spanish, Portuguese, and French printing. They are 



74 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

mostly on scientific or philosophical subjects, a con- 
siderable number treating of Ireland, and a not incon- 
siderable number being works of and works on Aristotle. 
Of the history of the library during the ten years pre- 
ceding 1881 little more neea be said than that it was 
not increasing either in prosperity or in usefulness. 
Year after year saw the number of readers and sub- 
scribers decline, until at the end of the financial year 
(March 31) 1880-81,the former were estimated at 25,000 
and the latter numbered 339. In the spring of 1881 a 
committee was appointed, with Councillor (now Bailie) 
Jackson as convener, to inquire into the cause of the 
decadence of the library. This committee reported in 
favour of adding a large number of new books, of 
shifting the library to a more populous locality, and 
of extending the hours during which it was open. The 
first and third of these proposals were under the present 
librarian carried into efiect, and with other reforms 
have been the means of raising the place to its present 
satisfactory position. In January, 1881, Mr. Blair 
died at upwards of eighty years of age. He was longer 
in office than any of his predecessors, having nearly 
completed the twentieth year of his librarianship. In 
a minute of 10th February, 1881, the directors give 
expression to their deep regret at his death, and record 
their opinion that he had given long-continued and 
faithful service to the library. 



MiSifi 



STIRLING' S PUBLIC LIBRARY. 75 



CHAPTER IV. 

Appointment of a new Librarian — Increase in Member- 
ship and Issue — StocJc-taking — Arrangement of the 
Books — Difficulty of Classifying the Librai^ while 
in use — Want of Room — Scheme of Classification — 
Growth of the Library — Prominent Directors — Vice- 
Presidents — Bailie Bogle — William Euing — Michael 
Connal — Treasurers — Secretaries — Robert Reid^ 
^^ Senex'^ — Interesting Donation — Present Board of 
Directors — Donoi^s — Manuscripts, 

In April, 1881, Mr. Thomas Mason, senior assistant 
librarian in the Mitchell Library, was appointed in 
the place of Mr. Blair as librarian. The progress of 
the library since then may be briefly set forth. In 
1880-81 the number of members was (including life 
and congregational members) 339 ; in 1881-82 these 
increased to 459, and further increased in the follow- 
ing year to 670. At the end of 1883-84 it was found 
that the number had reached 731. This shows an 
increase in three years of 392 members, the subscrip- 
tions of whom amounted to £157 15s. 3d. The number 
of new members enrolled was much larger (679), allow- 
ance having to be made in reckoning the increase for 
the members who have lapsed. Of members presently 
on the roll the oldest in membership is Mr. J. D. 
Bryce, 18 Buckingham Terrace, who was admitted as 
a life member on 8th February, 1836. The issue of 
books during the same period has increased in even a 
greater ratio than the members. The issue for 1880-81 
was estimated at about 25,000 ; that for 1881-82 was 
57,463 ; for 1882-83, 104,714 ; and for 1883-84, 132,239. 
Thus in three years the issue of books has been in- 
creased at least five-fold. 



76 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

No arrangement of the books seems ever to have 
been made until that made by the present librarian. 
His first piece of work was to make an inventory of 
the books in the place, which labour was exceedingly 
dirty, and extended over a period of six montha That 
finished, he at once proceeded with the arrangement. 

With the (library in use, the process was a tediou8 
and laborious one. The class first brought together in 
one place was Biography. The books composing it 
had to be sought for in every part of the building, and 
owing to the dim and sometimes titleless state of the 
backs of the books, the only thorough method was 
found to be that of opening every book and deter- 
mining whether it belonged to the class in formation. 
This had to be done for every class, the labour, of 
course, becoming easier as the number of books to go 
over decreased. The quickest and most satisfactory 
wav would have been to have divided the books into 
their respective classes at once, and then to have 
arranged each class on the shelves where it was most 
convenient to have it. But this method would have 
necessitated the shutting of the library for a consider- 
able period, which was out of the question. The work 
was further increased by the want of room to turn in. 
When a class of books had been selected, a place had 
to be provided for them. The volumes had been 
gathered from every press, but there being no excess 
of space, the unarranged books had to be put into the 
vacancies caused by the abstractions, and as they might 
remain in their temporary places for months, their loca- 
tion had to be taken note of, else it would have been 
practically impossible to get them when wanted. This 
mere matter of locating occupied a considerable time, 
and did not directly forward the arrangement Another 
piece of temporary work requires to be noted before 
an accurate idea can be had of the labour involved in 
arranging a large public library while it is being used. 
After a class was arranged it was necessary to provide 



STIRLING'S PUBLIC LIBRARY. 77 

a key to the individual books from the old numbers. 
When a new catalogue is in use the books will be 
sought for by their new numbers, and will be readily 
found. But until the issue of this new catalogue 
the books are asked for by their old numbers, hence 
the necessity of a key or index from the old to the 
new numbers. The arrangement, we do not say 
re-arrangement, as the present is the first time the 
books have been arranged, is now concluded, and 
an account of it may therefore be given without 
danger of recording what might afterwards be 
altered had the plan of arrangement been only 
projected. 

The books are arranged in thirteen classes, as 
foUows : — 

A. — Theology, Philosophy, and Ecclesiastical History. 

B. — Biography. 

C. — History, Travels, and Voyages. 

D. — Science and Natural History. 

E. — Fine Arts. 

F. — Law, Politics, Sociology, Commerce. 

G. — Language. 

H. — Poetry and the Drama. 

K. — Fiction (Prose). 

M. — Miscellaneous Literature. 

R.— Rare and Curious Books. 

S. — Books relating to Scotland. 

W. — Scouler Donation. 

The first ten of these may be called ordinary classes ; 
the last three are special classes, composed entirely 
of books which naturally belong to the other classes, 
but which are separated for the purpose indicated in 
the titles — the rare books for safety, the Scottish books 
for convenience, and the Scouler donation for the laud- 
able object of perpetuating in a visible manner the 
generosity of the donor. 

The publications of the Patent Office form a classj 



I* « . 



78 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

but being a large and very distinct one, and, further, 
not belonging to the library, but kept in trust for the 
Corporation of Glasgow, it was not necessary to deal 
with it as with the rest of the contents of the library. 
Theology and Ecclesiastical History are placed to- 
gether, and Philosophy by itself, the whole class 
filling almost one side of the gallery. Biography is 
downstairs, and is divided into general biography, 
i.e.f volumes containing two or more lives, and indi- 
vidual biography, consisting of books dealing with 
only one Ufe. Individual biography is arranged on 
the shelves alphabetically by the names of the sub- 
jects of the memoirs. 

History and Travels are located in the gallery, and 
are arranojed on the shelves in countries in the follow- 

o 

ing order : — World, Europe, France, Spain, Portugal, 
Italy, Greece, Turkey, Austria, Germany, Switzerland, 
Belgium, Holland, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Russia 
(islands go with the adjacent countries), Africa, Canada, 
IJnited States, other American States proceeding south- 
wards, Asia proceeding from east to west. Australasia, 
England and Ireland are kept downstairs, separately, 
of course, and are considerable sub-classes, and are 
again sub-divided into books on the whole of these 
countries and those on parts. Books on Scotland, it 
will be remembered, form a distinct class. 

Fiction is arranged alphabetically, irrespective of 
size, but this matters little, as works of fiction are 
much alike in dimensions. The class is kept down- 
stairs, near at hand. Hare and curious booKs are in 
the librarian's room. Books relating to Scotland are 
divided into those on the whole of Scotland, and those 
on parts, those on the ecclesiastical history, law, etc., of 
Scotland. Sets of magazines are shelved in parts of 
the library less accessible, or where an even row of 
uniform volumes adds to the appearance of the library 
without disturbing the class arrangement. 

The practical advantages of having books of a class 



STIRLINffS P UBLIC LIBRAR T. 79 

together are obvious, and to these may be added the 
neat, orderly appearance which results from a good 
-arrangement. The growth of the library is set out in 
the table appended : — 



Year. 


Volumes. 


Increase. 


1791 - 


804 




1795 - 


3,705 - 


2,901 


1816 - 


5,899 - 


2,194 


1819 - 


6,360 - 


461 


1842 - 


11,000 - 


4,640 


1870 - 


- 24,000 - 


- 13,000 


*1878 - 


- 38,000 - 


- 14,000 


1885 - 


- 42,000 - 


4,000 



In the course of this account of the library mention 
has been incidentally made of some of those who have 
taken a part in its management, but several other 
gentlemen have been prominently connected with the 
institution whom we have had no opportunity hitherto 
of introducing, but whose services to the library have 
been such as to render incomplete any account of it 
which omitted to speak of them. Mr. John Wardrop 
was on the board from 1807 to 1829, and during that . 
long time was the most regular and hard working 
member of the directorate. The Rev. Dr. Lockhart 
was a director from 1795 to 1798, 1802 to 1803, 1808 
to 1811, and 1819 to 1821. The Rev. Mr. Bums 
of the Barony filled a similar position from 1795 
to 1803, and 1807 to 1810. The following gentle- 
men also held office : — Rev. Mr. McLean, Gorbals, 
from 1795 to 1799, 1803 to 1804, 1811 to 1813, 
1822 to 1824; Dr. Miller, from 1801 to 1802, 1803 
to 1805, 1806 to 1812, 1817 to 1826; Bailie Laurence 
Craigie, from 1802 to 1803, 1820 to 1826; Rev. 
Dr. Stevenson Macgill, Professor of Divinity in 
Glasgow University, from 1798 to 1802, 1821 to 1823, 

♦ The Glasgow Public Library and the donation by Dr. Scolder 
were acquired between 1870 and 1878. : : 



J* * 

« • 



80 THE LIBRARIES OF OLASOOW. 

1833 to 1835; Dr. Balmanno, from 1803 to 1805, 1814 
to 1815; Mr. Hopkirk, 1807 to 1810; Dr. Nimmo, 
from 1810 to 1811, 1812 to 1824; Bailie James 
Lumsden, 1820 to 1826 ; Rev. Dr. Thomas Chalmers, 
from 1823 to 1824; Gilbert Watson, from 1824 to 
1829 ; Dr. Alex. Panton, from 1826 to 1832 ; Walter 
Ferguson, from 1827 to 1832; Dr. George Hendrie, 
from 1827 to 1832; John Smith, youngest, from 1828 
to 1834 ; Dr. Weir, from 1832 to 1847, 1852 to 1855 ; 
Dr. Perry, from 1832 to 1845, 1847 to 1848; Dr. 
Cowan, from 1832 to 1841 ; Henry Paul, from 1834 
to 1839; Principal Macfarlan, from 1834 to 1837; 
John Leadbeater, from 1839 to 1844; Alex. Hastie 
(afterwards M.P. for the city), from 1839 to 1849; Dr. 
Alfred Hall, from 1848 to 1850 ; Dr. Joseph Fleming, 
from 1849 to 1858; Rev. Dr. Runciman, from 1851 
to 1854 ; Rev. William Symington, from 1852 to 1858 ; 
Sheriff Skene, from 1852 to 1856; Rev. Dr. Jamieson, 
from 1856 to 1880 ; James Hedderwick, from 1851 to 
1854. The office of vice-president was instituted in 
1848, and, as has been noted, its first holder was Bailie 
James Play fair. He was succeeded in 1852 by Bailie 
James Bogle, who died in 1855. Mr. William Euing 
was next elected to the office, and held it until his 
death in 1874, when the Rev. Dr. Jamieson was ap- 
pointed. Mr. Michael Connal succeeded Dr. Jamie- 
son in 1879. Bailie Bogle was next to Mr. Euing the 
most munificent donor to the library. The latter gave 
many fine books, and in virtue of his gifts was elected, 
under a clause in the founder's will, an extraordinary 
director. To his generosity the library owes its most 
precious possessions. He gave thousands of volumes, 
all of them belonging to the class which Mr. Stirling 
most desiderated — "rare and curious books." So 
thorough was his sympathy with the library that he 
lovingly hovered about it, dropping in ever and anon 
with a precious volume. His connection with the 
. -Hbrary was unique in point of duration. He was 



STIRLING'S PUBLIC LIBRARY. 81 

elected a life member in 1795, four years after the 
foundation of the library, and therefore for his three 
guineas enjoyed the privileges of membership for 79 
years. At his death he bequeathed the sum of £200 
to the library. 

Of the present much-esteemed vice-president nothing 
but praise can be said. He was born next door to the 
library, some sixty-eight or so years ago, when Miller 
Street knew naught of shop or counting-house, and 
cherishes a loving regard for Walter Stirling's founda- 
tion. Twenty-eight years ago he joined the board 
of directors, and with his co-director, Mr. George W. 
Clark, battled with oflScialism, neglect, and mismanage- 
mient, and in every movement for the improvement of 
the library initiated since then he has taken an active 
share. Mr. Andrew Liddell discharged the duties of 
treasurer till his death in 1854. He was succeeded 
by Mr. Richard S. Cunliff, who held office until 1875, 
and was in turn succeeded by the present respected 
treasurer, Mr. David Sandeman. Mr. Liddell is men- 
tioned earlier in this notice as having taken a chief 
part in the resuscitation of the library in 1848. He 
also presented many books. Mr. CunU£F was the 
keeper of the purse during a period when the income 
rarely exceeded the expenditure, and he gave liberally 
both in service and in money. He died in 1879. Mr. 
Sandeman was a director of the Glasgow Public 
Library, and on its amalgamation with the Stirling 
Library was elected a director of the latter. He 
recently subscribed £50 to the fund for the extinction 
of the debt on the library. The office of secretary was 
ably filled by Mr. William Cockey from 1849 to 1864, 
when Mr. G. W. Clark took office. Mr. Clark had asso- 
ciated with him as joint secretaries the late Mr. Cun- 
ningham Monteath, and the present secretary, Mr. John 
Ferguson. Mr. Clark's long term of service has been 
greatly to the advantage of the library. When the 
new buildings were being put up, and latterly wheii 

6 ' / 






82 TEE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

the funds were very low, he did yeoman service. One 
of the early directors yet remains to be noticed — 
Robert Reid, better known as the "Senex" of "Glasgow 
Past and Present," and " Old Glasgow." He presented 
the library in 1865 with his own photograph, and the 
receipt given him by Mr. Pate when he became a life 
member, on 2nd March, 1799. On the photo and 
receipt is an inscription in the following terms : — " To 
Stirling's Public Library, Glasgow, from Mr. Robert 
Reid {alias * Senex *), in the 67th year of his subscrip- 
tion, and 93rd year of his age.*' He died the same 
year. His recollections of old Glasgow, first given in 
the " Glasgow Herald," and afterwards republished in 
" Glasgow Past and Present," are most valuable. He 
was born before the deepening of the Clyde, and before 
the erection of a greater part of the present city. He 
had many curious and entertaining stories to tell of 
old Glasgow and its ways, and gave a deal of topo- 
graphical information which it would have been hard 
to have collected otherwise. The present board is a 
good one. Its management is distinguished by enter- 
prise, and by that amount of reforming zeal necessary 
to keep abuses from creeping in, a zeal, however, which 
is judiciously tempered by that wholesome conservatism 
which becomes the guardians of a public institution, and 
under its sway the library is in a more flourishing con- 
dition than it ever has been before. 
The present directors are : — 

Elected By 

George Buchanan, Professor of 
Clinical Surgery in the Uni- 
versity of Glasgow, 1853 Physicians and Surgeons. 

Michael Connal, Vice-President 
(Chairman of the School 
Board of Glasgow), 1856 Subscribera 

George W. OUrk. {\Z^^ J^^tr"' 

Dr. Robert Perry, 1861 Physicians and SorgeoniL 

Preceptor William Wilson, < toyg Town CounciL 






STIRLINCrS PUBLIC LIBRARY. 



83 



Elected 


By 


1871 


Subscribers. 


1871 

1878 


Presbytery. 
Subscribers. 


1879 


1 

Town Council. 


1880 


Subscribers. 


1881 


)> 


1881 


Merchants' House. 


1881 


9) 


1881 
1882 
1883 


Presbytery. 

Physicians and Surgeons. 

Subscribers. 


1883 


it 


1883 


Town Council. 


1884 
1884 


Presbytery. 
Merchants* House. 


1884 


Town Council. 



David Sandeman (Treasurer), 

Bev. Matthew Cochrane, M.A., 

John Ferguson (Secretary), 

Bailie Creorge Jackson (Con- 
vener of Managing Com- 
mittee), 

William M'Kim, 

Donald M'Corquodale, 

Bobert Chrystal, 

Greorge Smith, 

Bev. F. L. Robertson, D.D., 

Dr. Robert Renfrew, 

William KeiT, 

J. F. King, 

Lord Provost William M'Onie, 

Rev. David Miller, 

J. M. Cunningham, 

Councillor James Colquhoun, 

Among the donors to the library have been some 
illustrious and many notable persons. Her Majesty 
the Queen sent a copy of her " Leaves from the 
Journal of our Life in the Highlands" with her 
autograph, in 1868, and again honoured the library 
in a similar way last year, with " More Leaves from 
the Journal of a Life in the Highlands." The names 
of Horace Greeley, James O. Halliwell, Lord Kin- 
loch, and nearly all our local historians, also appear 
in the list of donors. William Jameson, jun.. Bailie 
Bogle, William Euing, Robert Reid, and Bailie 
Liddell have been mentioned already in these pages 
as liberal givers. 

There are fully a dozen of manuscripts in the lib- 
rary, two of them written on vellum. These two are 
described in the preface to the present catalogue as 
being of the thirteenth or fourteenth centuries, and 
they certainly appear to be quite as old as that. One 
is a treatise on the Canon Law (in Latin). It is a 
small book (4^ inches long by 3 broad), and is strongly 
bound in vellum, with big brass nails on the sides. The 
staple of the clasp remains, but the clasp itself has dis- 



84 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

appeared. The writing is beautifully done in red and 
brown, with illuminated borders and initial letters. 
Some of the initial letters contain portraits, and the 
borders are adorned with pictures of birds' heads and 
of the products of the fields. It contains about 300 
pages. The other manuscript on vellum is a copy of 
the Psalms of David, a very beautiful piece of work. 
It is of the same size as the other manuscript, but the 
leaves are much thicker. The initial letters at the 
beginning of each psalm are in gold, those at the 
beginning of each verse in red and blue alternately. 
The writer had evidently quailed before the cxix. 
Psalm, as he only gives a selection from it. Both 
these manuscripts formed part of Mr. Stirling's be- 
quest. 

Of the manuscripts on paper thelargestand most impor- 
tant is a thick folio volume of about 760 pages, containing 
many papers on the History of Scotland, civil and eccle- 
siastical. The first 210 pages deal with Scottish affairs 
during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Then 
follows a " Perfect Inventore of the Pious Donations 
since the dayes of King James the I. to the reigne of 
King James the VI. inclusive;" as also thereafter 
** Proceedings of the late General Assembly held at 
Glasgow, 1638;" "Proceedings of the late General 
Assembly held at Edinburgh, 1639;" "Articles of 
agreement condeshendit by the Council of Dort in 
favours of the Royal Burrows of Scotland, anent the 
holding of the Scottish staple at Dort;" " Ane accompt 
of the debate betwixt the Merchants and Trades of 
Edenborough, and of the Acts and other papers that 
passed thereupon in 1661, and theirafter ; " Table of 
the Statutes of Heriot's Hospital in Edinburgh, in 
July, 1627;" " Ane brieff Discourse concerning the 
trade of the Kingdome of Scotland, with some remedies 
proposed for ye relieff yerof, 1667;" "Division of 
jPublic Taxation, 1665, among the Counties and Boval 
Burghs of Scotland, showing the amount each palcf ;" 



\ 

\ 



STIRLING'S PUBLIC LIBRARY. 85 

"Roll of Parliament, 1669;" "Laws and Articles of 
War for the Government of his Majestie's forces within 
the Kingdom of Scotland." A number of other papers 
of less interest follow. The book is written in more 
than one hand ; that in which the most of it is written 
is a fine hand — old style, of course. Among the other 
manuscripts we may note the following: — "The Hellenic 
Kingdom and the Greek Nation," by George Finlay, 
honorary major in the service of His Majesty the King 
of Greece. The preface is dated from Athens, 25th 
July, 1836. We do not think that this treatise was 
ever printed, although Mr. Finlay subsequently pub- 
lished several books on Greece and the Greeks. 
" Subscription List for Building the Assembly Room, 
Glasgow, February, 1758, to April, 1763 ; Robert 
Bogle's Account." Presented by Bailie Bogle. We 
should think this would be worth printing, as it con- 
tains a long list of the names of the leading local men 
of the time. " Memoranda regarding the present state 
of the principal Libraries in Glasgow, with notices 
respecting some other Scotch libraries, 1849." This 
is an interesting folio, compiled by Robert Reid 
(** Senex "). It and the next manuscript were presented 
by Mr. Reid. ** Tables of superficial measure adapted for 
the ready calculation of the contents of timber and 
of various goods of freight, etc., by Robert Reid;" 
*' Journal of the House of Commons, from 1 8th 
November, 1606, to 9th February, 1609;" a folio 
of 732 pages, written in a clear bold hand — (it formed 
part of the Stirling bequest). The other manuscripts in- 
clude " Notes on Points of Law, by John M'Caul, writer 
in Glasgow ; " " A. facsimile of Burns's Cottar's Satur- 
day Night," with a letter written by Motherwell the poet; 
" A highly curious Commonplace Book," from the 
library of the late J. F. Ferguson, of the Exchequer 
Record Office ; a small book giving the prices of yarns 
in 1784 and 1786 ; a work on Heraldry and Geometry, 
etc., with illustrations (by a note on the flyleaf this 



86 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

book appears to have been the property of one James 
Gumming in 1705); **John Law's Demonstrationes 
Logica, written by William Stirling in 1700." An 
exercise book of this William Stirling's — who is with- 
out doubt the founder's father — bearing the following 
emphatic inscription, " Guilielmus Stirling aught this 
Book, 1705," concludes our list of the more important 
manuscripts belonging to the library. 



CHAPTER V. 

Fifteenth Century Printed Books — Valuable copy of the 
New Testament — Dante s ^' Divina Commeaia/* rare 
1481 Edition — Professor Julianu^ Guzzlemus — 
Bibles and other rare and valuable Books — 
Sicmmary. 

Op incunabula, or books printed in the fifteenth 
century, there are twenty-five examples, and one of 
them is in three volumes. The library thus possesses 
twenty-seven volumes printed before the year 1500. 
The earliest are about 1470, and the others, where 
dated, are of the years 1474, 1475 (two), 1476, 1477 
(two), 1479, 1480 (two), 14S1 (two), 1483, 1485, 1488, 
1489, 1490 (two), 1492 (two), 1493, 1494, 1496, 1499. 

Of those which bear an imprint, six were printed at 
Venice, three at Cologne, two at Florence, and one 
each at Rome, Basil, Nuremberg, and Ritgusa. Of 
these we will notice the more interesting. 

First comes a well-printed folio entitled "Vitae 
Sanctorum Patrum," printed at Cologne about 1470 
by Ulric Zell, the first Cologne printer. Like nearly all 
the books printed by him, it is undated and unsigned. 
Santander, in his '* Dictionnaire Biblioeraphique,'' 
ascribes it to Zell, and fixes the date as al)out 1470. 



STIRLING'S PUBLIC LIBRARY. 87 

It is a good copy. Bound up with it is a copy of the 
" Statuta Ecclesiae Coloniensis," printed at Cologne by 
HoelshofF in 1492. The end papers of the volume 
are formed of part of a very neatly-written manuscript 
poem. 

With the introduction of printing the old manu- 
scripts fell in estimation, and many of them were used 
in binding the early products of the printing-press. 
Very rare and curious manuscripts have been discovered 
in this way. 

The other 1470 book is a copy of the Sermons of 
St. Chrysostom, supposed by bibliographers to have 
been printed at Rome about 1470. It is a very rare 
book and has neither place of imprint or date. The 
next in chronological order is the ** Sermones aurei de 
Sanctis Fratris Leonardi de Utino/' 1474. No place 
of imprint mentioned. It is a folio of about 850 
pages, printed on strong white paper. It has been 
cut, but there still remains an ample margin. It is 
illuminated here and there, and blank spaces have 
been left for capital letters to be put in by hand. 
The printing is somewhat uneven, but ckar. The 
book is bound in rough, light-coloured skin, with 
boards nearly half-an-inch thick. It contains about 
sixty sermons, most of them on the saints. Leonardi 
was a prominent Dominican of the fifteenth century. 
He died in 1470, and the first edition of his sermons 
was published in the following year. 

Our next book is the Wars of the Jews and 
Romans, by Joseph us, printed at Rome in 1475 by 
Arnold Pinnartz. It is a fine illuminated copy of the 
first edition. Watt in his "Bibliotheca Britannica" 
says of this edition — **An elegant work. This is 
one of the very few works which Pannartz published 
after the death of his partner, Sweynheym. Ex- 
ceedingly rare." The other 1475 work is the ** Mar- 
garita Davidica," the Psalms of David, St. Jerome's 
version, supposed to have been printed by Ambrose 



8a THE LIBRARIES OF OLASOOW. 

Keller. It is a good copy, but has evidently been 
uxhibited in some museum or similar institution, as at 
ouo place it is very dirty. Of the ** Fasciculus Tern- 
purum " there are two copies in the library, one printed 
** per Conradum de Hoemburg" in 1476, and the other 
by an unknown printer in 1490. This work was 
originally written by Werner Rolewinck de Laer, a 
( >arthu8ian monk. He brought it down to the year 
1470, and afterwards continued it to 1480. The 
^^urlioHt edition extant is that of Cologne, 1474, and 
t)arly editions of it are very rare. Both copies are il- 
luHtrated, the 1490 one having one full-page illustration. 
Tlio pedigree of the human race is given from Adam 
onwards, not in the usual hackneyed form in which 
|t(enealogical trees are constructed, but right across, 
page after page, to the end of the book, rings with 
nauum inside, showing the position of our progenitors. 
When it reaches Christ a portrait is given ; accompany- 
Injf the account of the flood are two pictures of the ark, 
a front view and a section. 

The next book in order of date is the **Conclusione8 
hUxh Decisiones antique Dominorum auditorum de 
Kota," printed in 1477 by Peter Sehoeffer, partner with 
(iutemberg and Faust, and son-in-law of the latter. 
TIiIh is an illuminated black-letter folio of about 600 

iMiges, very perfect, and of great typographical beauty, 
t contains decisions in the Rota, an ecclesiastical court 
of Home, singularly composed of judges of different 
nations. The other 1477 book is a copy of the first 
lulition of the ''Historia Rerum ubicunque Gestarum," 
by Pope Pius II., printed at Venice. It is iltuminated, 
and has been handsomely re-bound. 

The most valuable of the incunabula, and perhaps 
the most valuable book in the library, is a copy of the 
Vulgate edition of the New Testament, with a glossary, 
supposed to have been printed at Nuremberg m 1479. 
Bibliographers are divided in opinion as to the place 
and date of the printing of this rare edition. As, how- 



STIRLINffS PUBLIC LIBRARY. 89 

ever, a copy of it was purchased for the celebrated 
Cistercian Abbey of Stratford-Langthorne in 3480, the 
supposition that it was printed in 1479 is very probably 
correct. It is a large folio, printed on strong paper, 
wonderfully clean, in double columns, the text in the 
centre and the commentary at the sides. The first 
page has been finely illuminated, but has been washed 
by some restorer, and partly spoiled. The initial 
letters are beautifully done in bright colours, and many 
in gold. All the capitals in the text and commentary 
are coloured. On the frpnt edges are fixed about a 
score of red leather tags to facilitate the opening of the 
book at particular places. In this edition the sig- 
natures are not regular, and there is therefore no guide 
for the order of the books, which varies in different 
copies. 

In this copy the Epistles of St. Paul are placed at the 
end. It is strongly bound in stout oak boards, covered 
with leather bearing a number of devices. It is, 
indeed, a noble book. 

A work by Thomas Aquinas is the next book of 
importance — an illuminated black-letter folio, in fine 
condition, printed at Cologne in 1480. 

Of printing in 1481 there are two specimens — a copy 
of the " Questiones in Quartum Librum Sententiarum," 
by John Duns Scot, or Duns Scotus, printed at Venice 
by Nicolas Jenson ; and a copy of Dante's " Divina 
Commedia," printed at Florence by Nicolo di Lorenzo. 
Dibdin, in his " Library Companion," says of this 
edition — " Of course the very curious in graphic lore 
will beat ef ery bush and scale every acclivity to obtain 
as perfect a copy as may be of the famous commentary 
of Landino, with the plates of Baldini, after the 
designs of Boticelli. Tis of the date 1481, and is 
altogether a grand volume. Let all copies of this 
celebrated volume bow their heads before that in the 
Public Library at Munich, that in the Imperial Library 
at Vienna, and that at Spencer House — for each of 



90 THE LIBRARIES OF OLASOOW. 

these possess twenty copper plates ! As to the price 
of this book, that depends entirely on the number of 
the engravings found in the copy. Lord Spencer's 
duplicate, which contained nineteen plates, was sold 
for £52 10s. This book is usually found with cuts 
to the first two cantos. It is usually a book of 
magnificent amplitude of margin, and it exists in the 
Magliabechi Library on vellum." The Stirling copy, 
unfortunately, wants all the plates, but has the two 
cuts referred to, and a duplicate of the second cut is 
prefixed to Canto III. The ample margin has, under 
the knife of the binder, sufiered somewhat. The first 
twelve pages are not in so good condition as the rest, 
and have been cleaned and mended. There are several 
MS. notes in an old hand on the margin. 

Our next book is an excellent copy of the first edition 
of the "De Re Aedificatoria " of Leon Baptista de 
Alberti, printed at Florence in 1485. 1488 is the date 
of a black-letter folio, printed disagreeably close, en- 
titled " Bartholomaeus de Proprietatibus Rerum." It 
is a general history of Nature, composed by Bartholo- 
mew Grenvil, an English Minorite or Franciscan, of 
the family of the Earls of Suffolk. He flourished 
about the year 1360, "and appears to have been the 
Pliny of his time." A magnificent edition of this work 
was printed by Wynken de Worde, Caxton's successor. 
A copy of Augustine's " Annotationes in Psalmos,*' 
printed at Basil in 1489, is our next specimen. This 
volume is a duplicate from the Royal Library at Stutt- 
gart, and had once been chained to its place, the staple 
still remaining. It is a very thick volume, printed on 
stout paper. 

Of Dooks printed in the year 1490 there are two 
6:cami)les ; one, the " Fasciculus Temporum," we have 
alreaay mentioned, the other is Seneca's Morals, 
irinted at Venice by Bemardius Cremona and 
l$imon de Luero. It is a small folio in Latin. 
According to it^ note on the fly-leaf by a former 



STIRLING; S PUBLIC LIBRARY. 91 

owner (Robert Trail, 1818^, this volume was once the 
property of the " celebrated Professor Julianus Guzzle- 
mus," and contains many notes in his handwritings 
The Professor's autograph appears on the last page* 
That he was a doctor of law is all we have been able 
to find out about the ''celebrated" professor with the 
fiercely suggestive name. Bound up with Seneca is a 
copy of the Lives of Laertius, printed at Venice in 

1493. The first edition of Laertius was printed at 
Venice by Jenson in 1475. Two of Cicero's works, 
printed at Venice in 1492 and 1496 respectively, are in 
the library. They are bound up with a copy of Persius, 
with the commentaries of Brixanius and Foncius, 

1494. The last of the fifteenth century books which 
we will notice is an Alphabetical Index, by John 
Bechenhaub, of Mayence, of the fqur books of 
opinions from the registered writings of Saint Bona- 
ventura, printed by Anthony Koburger, of Nuremberg, 
in 1499. It is in three volumes folio, illuminated, 
finely printed, and in a capital state of preservation* 
It is bound with strong wooden boards. Koburger was 
the printer of the well-known "Nuremberg Chronicle'^ 
(1493), a copy of which is in the Mitchell Library. 
Watt says of him — " A very celebrated printer of the 
fifteenth century, who exercised his art at Nuremberg, 
where he died in 1513. The works of his printing are 
distinguished for the lustre and magnificence of their 
execution." 

This completes our survey of the fifteenth century 
printed books. Few non-collegiate provincial libraries 
possess so many, and fewer still so valuable specimens 
of the work of the early printers. To William Euing 
the library owes every one of them. 

Of books printed between the years 1500 and 
1600 there are more in the library than we would 
care to count. We have noted the principal ones. 
They include books printed in England as well as 
abroad, one or two of some rarity relating to Mary 



t)2 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Queen of Scots, and a few early editions of foreign 
poets. 

The first on our list is the " Summa quae vocatus 
Catholicon, Grammaticalia quaedam et Lexicon com- 
plectens," by Joannes de Janua, printed in 1503 — a 
good copy, with some very pretty initial letters. The 
binding is rather the worse for wear, and an indus- 
trious bookworm has penetrated a considerable way 
through board and book. Watt describes this book as 
containing many errors, but as having the singularity 
of being *' the first Latin dictionary printed after the 
destruction of that language." 

Of two years' later date is the ** Opus Aureum 
Musice Castigatissimum de Gregonana et figurativa 
atque Contrapundo," with music. It is one of the 
very early works published on the art. A copy of 
the Chronicon of Gusebius, printed at Paris in 1512 
by Henry Stephens, need not detain us, nor need we 
do more than mention the first Polyglot Psalter 
(Hebrew, Greek, Arabic, Chaldean, and Latin) printed 
at Geneva in 1516, but pass on to a rather uncommon 
edition of Livy, printed at Basil in 1531 by Froben. 
The editor was Simon Grynaeus, and he in this edition 
published for the first time the 41st, 42nd, 43rd, 
44th, and 45th books. These were copied from a manu- 
script (which latterly found its way to the Imperial 
Library at Vienna) written about the fifth century, 
and " esteemed," says Dibdin, " as one of the most 
valuable in the world.'* Of books printed in London 
we may note a fine black-letter copy of Chaucer, 1598; 
Matthew of Westminster's ** Flowers of History, 
the first edition in Latin, printed in 1570 ; and a good 
■copy of the second edition of Fabian s *' Cronycle," 
1533. 

Of books relating to the unfortunate Mary Queen of 
Scots there are three in the library which are not 
to be met with every day, one of which is not 
in the otherwise almost perfect collection of Marie 



» 



STIRLING'S P UBLIC LIBRAE Y, 93 

Stuart literature belonging to Mr. J. Wyllie Guild. 
The first and earliest of the three is the '* De Titulo et 
Ivre Serenissimae Principis Mariae Scotorum Reginae 
quo Regni Angliae successionem sibi justi vendicat," 
printed in 1580 at Rheims. It is a treatise on the 
title of Mary to the crown of England. The second is 
entitled *' Mariae Stuartae, Scotorum Reginae/* etc. 
Cologne, 1587 (the year of her execution). It was the 
first Catholic publication on her execution. A tiny 
book of only thirty- two leaves, it is so scarce as not to 
have yet come within purchasing reach of the owner 
of the greatest Marie Stuart collection in the world. 
The third book is the first edition of the " Corona 
Tragica " of Lopez de Vega, the celebrated Spanish 
poet, published at Madrid in 1627. It is bound in 
vellum, and contains a portrait of Marie. " It is 
intended to be a religious epic, but is, in fact, merely a 
specimen of intolerant controversy. Marie is repre- 
sented as a pure and glorious martyr to the Catholic 
faith, while Elizabeth is alternately called a Jezebel 
and an Athaliah." — (Ticknor's Spanish Literature.) 

Of early editions of the works of foreign poets we 
may mention, besides the ** Corona Tragica," Ariosto's 
"Orlando Furioso," published at Lyons in 1556, the 
**Rimas" of Camoens, published at Lisbon in 1598, 
and *' Alciatis Emblemata," Lyons, 1564. 

Of the Bible and of the New Testament there are 
several early editions. The earliest edition of the 
Bible is that called Cranmer's, printed by Richard 
Grafton in 1541. It is a fine black-letter folio, with 
numerous curious illustrations. Seven copies of the 
Geneva version follow of the dates respectively, 
1560, 1579, 1585, 1595, 1599, 1606, and 1616. 

One of these is the very scarce Edinburgh edition 
commonly known as "the Bassandyne Bible." It 
was the first edition of the Bible printed at the 
Scottish press. The Old Testament is dated 1579 and 
the New Testament 1576. The printing was superin- 



«4 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

tonded by a Committee of the General Assembly of 
the Church of Scotland. The only complete copy said 
to be known is that belonging to Earl Morton. The 
title-page of the Stirling copy is a reprint from Earl 
Morton s one. In addition to this defect, which it has 
in common with most other copies, the Stirling one 
wants a few leaves. The peculiar rendering of the 
seventh verse of the third chapter of Genesis has given 
the Geneva version a place amongst those Bibles which 
are valued for their verbal peculiarities. For the word 
** aprons " in our present Bible the Genevan version 
reads " breeches," by which name that version of the 
Bible has come to be known. " Breeches " Bibles are 
not by any means scarce, although a fine perfect copy 
like that in the library, printed by the deputies of 
Christopher Barker, in 1595, at London, will command 
a good price. It has many quaint illustrations, includ- 
ing a map of the Garden of Eden and a very wooden- 
looking picture of Adam and Eve eating the forbidden 
fruit. A well-bound copy of the Bishop's Bible of the 
same date has the Psalms, with music. 

Of editions of the Bible and the Old Testament there 
are about fifty, all of more or less interest. 

Of the New Testament by itself the library contains 
about twenty-five editions, the rarest of which was 
noticed at length amongst the fifteenth century books. 
The next in order is that printed at London in 1550 by 
Thomas Gaultier, a somewhat rare edition — copies have 
been known to sell at as high as £15. There are four 
other sixteenth century editions. Of the Book of 
Common Prayer there are several editions, the most 
interesting of which is that which occasioned the Jenny 
Geddes episode, if, despite Hill Burton, we can believe 
that that lady ever had any existence. It is entitled 
"The Booke of Common Prayer, for the use of the 
Cliurch of Scotland. Edinburgh : Printed by Robert 
Young, 1637." This copy has the Psalms done into 
verse oy King James, printed at London, 1636. In 



STIRLING'S PUBLIC LIBRARY. 95 

general this volume ends with the word " certaine," it 
being originally intended to append '^certaine prayers," 
but that leaf was cancelled in some copies and finishes 
properly. Leaf " Hh 3 " of the Psalms was cancelled 
owing to the printer having omitted nearly three lines 
of Psalm cix. (see Lowndes' Bib. Man.). 

The Stirling copy ends properly, and wants the leaf 
of the Psalms referred to. Both Psalms and Prayer 
Book are in black letter. The volume originally be- 
longed to Mr. Stirling. There is also a copy in the 
Mitchell Library. Of books relating to Scotland there 
is a fair general collection, including the Maitland Club 
publications, some of those of the Bannatyne and 
Spalding Clubs, Slezer's "Theatrum Scotise" (third 
edition, 1718), Gordon's Itinerarium Septentrionall 
(1727), Sibbald's "Fife and Kinross" (first edition, 
1710), the first edition of Bishop Keith's ''Catalogue 
of Scottish Bishops" (1755), a fine large-paper copy 
of the "Baronial Antiquities of Scotland," by Bill- 
ings ; beautiful large paper copies of Captain Grose's 
works — ^fat Captain Grose, immortalized by Burns — 
Kay's " Edinburgh Portraits " (Jirst edition) y and a 
copy of Pinkerton's '' Vitae Antiquae Sanctorum," of 
which only 100 copies were pubUshed. Of pamphlets 
there are several thousands in the Ubrary, including 
many rare ones relating to British history, and an ex- 
haustive collection dealing with Scottish ecclesiastical 
matters. 

Among Glasgow books we may mention two copies 
of M'Ure's " History of Glasgow," many of the early 
newspapers, nearly all the histories, a long set of 
directories, beginning with 1818, going on to 1825, 
1826, 1827, 1828 (first one issued by the Post Office), 
and continuing (with some blanks) to the present time, 
and the official statistics regarding the cholera epi- 
demic, 1832-33 ; 28 volumes in manuscript. 

The earliest of the Glasgow newspapers merits special 
mention. It is the " Glasgow Journal," for the period 



Q6 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

from June, 1759, to January, 1763. The "Journal*^ 
wag begun by Andrew Stalker in July, 1741. The 
editor of the " Notices and Documents illustrative of 
the Literary History of Glasgow** (Maitland Club) 
gays that no copy of it earlier than 1745 has been pre- 
served, and adds that fortunately the numbers from 
1745 to 1749 have been recovered. It is quite pos- 
sible, therefore, that there may be no other copy of the 
*' Journal" for the years 1759 to 1763 than the one in 
this library. It is a folio, and well printed. This was 
the paper which favoured and doubtless amused its 
readers by its novel marriage announcements — "On 
Monday last, James Dennistoun, junior, of Colgreine, 
Esq., was married to Miss Jenny Baird, a heautijul 
young lady" Another damsel is described as a beauti- 
ful young lady with a handsome fortune," and another 
as " an agreeable young lady, with £4,000." 

Before leaving the older books, we must not omit to 
note two volumes of old almanacs, beginning with one 
for 1620, a copy of Lily's " Six Court Comedies," 1632; 
and the first edition in English of Milton's " Defence of 
the People of England." Of specimens of fine modem 
printing there are Bowyer's great edition of Hume's 
** History of England," Busby's Lucretius, and a 
number of the works printed by the Foulises. A very 
large and splendidly executed work is Blaeu's gigantic 
Atlas of the World, in twelve imperial folio volumes. 
Tlie volume containing Scotland is in several other 
Scottish libraries, but few possess the whole wort 

Of important modern works there are not a few. 
Chief amongst them are Sir William Dugdale's magnifi- 
cent work on English abbeys, "The Monasticon Andi- 
canum," 8 volumes folio, finely illustrated, presented oy 
Bailie Bogle ; James 0. Halliwell's great edition of 
Shakespeare's works, in 16 volumes folio, with the 
plates on India paper, presented by William Euing 
(onlj 150 copies were printed, and one sold recently 
realized £67) ; Sir Austen Henry Layanl's folio 



STIRLING'S PUBLIC LIBRARY. 97 

on Nineveh; Lord Kingsborough's *' Antiquities of 
Mexico," in nine handsomely printed and bound 
folio volumes; Nicholas folio Hogarth, Barrington'a 
"Historic Memoirs of Ireland," Forbes's "Oriental 
Memoirs," Strutt's " Dress and Habits of the People 
of England," Britton's "Architectural Antiquities of 
Great Britain," and the larger and costlier works 
of John Ruskin. Sets or portions of sets of the fol- 
lowing magazines, serial and society publications are 
also in the library : — All the Year Round, Annual 
Register, Ante-Nicene Christian Library, Art Jour- 
nal, Athenaeum, Belgravia, Bentley, Bibliographer, 
Blackwood, British Association for Advancement of 
Science Reports, British and Foreign Evangelical 
Review, British Quarterly Review, Bulwark, Calvin 
Society, Camden Society (part). Catholic Presbyterian, 
Cavendish Society, Chambers's Journal, Classical 
Journal, Colonial Magazine, Contemporary Review, 
Cornhill, Craftsman, Critical Review, Douglas Jer- 
rold's Shilling Magazine, Dublin University, Eclectic 
Review, Edinburgh Almanac, Edinburgh Philosophical 
Journal, Edinburgh Review, European Magazine, Evan- 
gelical Magazine, Farmer's Magazine, Foreign Quar- 
terly, Fortnightly Review, Eraser, Gentleman's Maga- 
zine, Glasgow Archaeological, Philosophical, Geologi- 
cal, and Natural History Societies' publications, Good 
Words, Household Words, Intellectual Observer, Jour- 
nal of Sacred Literature, Leisure Hour, Literary 
Gazette, Literary Panorama, London Society, London 
Magazine, Macmillan, Macphail's Magazine, Maitland 
Club, Meliora, Metropolitan, Monthly Magazine, Na- 
tional Review, Naval Chronicle, New Monthly Maga- 
zine, Nineteenth Century, North American Review, 
North British Review, Notes and Queries, Once-a- 
Week, Parker Society, Philosophical Journal, Phonetic 
Journal, Political Review, Popular Science Review, 
Quarterly Journal of Agriculture, Quarterly Review, 

Quiver, Reformed Presbyterian Magazine, Repertory 

7 



98 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

of Arts, Retrospective Review, St. James's Magazine, 
St. Paul's Magazine, Scots Magazine, Sharpens Maga- 
zine, Spalding Club, Social Science Reports, Student, 
Swedenborg Society publications, Sunday Magazine, 
Temple Bar, Titan, Tract Magazine, Warton Club, 
Westminster Review, Wodrow Society. 

The publications granted to the city by the Commis- 
sioners of Patents are kept in Stirling's Library. They 
consist of the "Specifications of Patents" from 1617 
to the present time — ^about 150,000 in number — the 
" Abridgments " of the same, the " Commissioners of 
Patents' Journal," and about 100 volumes of Indexes. 
Before concluding this account of the rare and precious 
possessions of the library, we think it not out of place 
to mention that the m^^sive table in the librarian's 
room was made out of a portion of the Bishop's Bridge 
which used to span the Clyde at the foot of Stockwell 
Street. 

To recapitulate. The library has completed the 
ninety-fifth year of its existence — ^it was begun with 
804 volumes, valued at £160, and now contains about 
42,000, the value of which is to be computed at thou- 
sands of pounds. About 1,200 life members and over 
2,000 annual members have been enrolled, contributing 
nearly £6,000 to the revenue, and in return borrowing 
about 2,000,000 of volumes. For fifty-nine years after 
it was founded no one used it but the life members. 
During the last thirty-six years the public have been 
afdmitted free of charge, and have had issued to theui 
,800,000 volumes. The house which Mr. Stirling left^ 
to the city has brought to the trustees in the shape* 
of rent about £14,000. The interest received on the 
sum of £1,000 also bequeathed amounted to nearly 
£2,500, the dividend on the Tontine share to £342. 
The sum received from the sale of catalogues, from gift 
and other sources, may be put down at £2,000, winch 
roughly gives an income of £25,000. Of this about 
£10,000 has been spent on books and binding, and 



STIRLINffS PUBLIC LIBRARY. 99 

j£8,000 on salaries. In thirty-five Lord Provosts, four 
of whom were twice in ofl&ce, and one thrice, the library- 
has had as many presidents. There have been five 
vice-presidents, four secretaries, and three treasurers. 
About 450 different gentlemen have acted as directors, 
and the office of librarian has now its twelfth occupant. 
Of the dozen, five were clergymen, two were book- 
sellers, one was a shoemaker, one an ironmonger, one a 
bookbinder, one of occupation unknown, and one a lib- 
rarian. They held office as follows : — 

Years. 

1791—1795. Rev. William Taylor, - 4 

1795—1796. William Meikleham, - 1 

1796—1808. Rev. James Pate, - - 12 

1808—1812. Rev. Alexander Gray, - 4 

1812 — 1815. Rev. John Gumming, - 3 

1815—1832. Rev. Matthew Muir, - 17 

1832—1833. JohnWylie, -• - 1 

1833—1848. John Struthers, - - 15 

1848—1851. William Auld, - - 3 

1851—1860. J. B. Simpson, - - 10 

1861—1881. David Blair, - - 20 

1881. Thomas Mason. 

In the career of Stirling's Library there are, without 
doubt, many disappointing features^ but also some 
creditable and pleasing ones. Many of Glasgow's ablest 
citizens have spent much time and labour, and some 
of them money, to further its best interests. 

When Walter Stirling died, and for many a long 
day after, very old-fashioned notions prevailed in 
library administration. These were not the days of 
library associations, and every custodian dealt with 
his charge according to his own fancy and personal 
convenience. The library was established, the books 
were there, the terms were made public, and the 
institution was then left to live or die as accident 
or a capricious public might determine. Stirling's j-,^ 



100 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

library did not die, but it may truthfully be 
said to bave slept very soundly. Managers can do 
much to make a library successful, but their efforts 
require to be backed up by an energetic librarian. A 
library — especially one dependent on the patronage of 
the public for part of its living — must be kept in the 
front. Its presence in the community must be pro- 
claimed as loudly and as often as opportunity offers. 
Every facility must be given to render access to the 
library easy. From the circumstances and nature of 
the appointments, there is every reason to believe that, 
with the exception of Mr. Pate and Mr. Auld, every 
librarian from the first to the tenth looked upon their 
situation as a quiet resting-place where they might 
spend their declining years or prepare sermons for 
prospective flocks. No wonder, then, that the library 
never occupied the place due to it among the educa- 
tional institutions of the city. 

What the future has in store for the library we 
know not, but there is strong ground for hoping that 
it may become the centre of a more powerful organiza- 
tion than it has ever been, or indeed than its founder 
[)erhaps ever expected for it. In its new position its 
operations might reasonably be wide enough to accom- 
plish as much work in ten years as stand to its credit 
for the last ninety-five. Whatever may be its part in the 
library system of the city, its individuality should be 
preserved ; it should not be turned into a collection of 
cheap editions suitable for lending out, but maintained 
as a reference as well as a lending library. The in- 
junction of the founder should rin^ in the ears of its 
guardians that his public library is to exist ybr ever, 
and that no power or right with which he invested them 
by his will and deposition is to he relinquished. 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 101 



CHAPTER VI. 



THE MITCHELL LIBRART. 



The Founder — Terms of the Bequest — Constitution of 
the Library — First Library Committee — Leading 
Principles followed in the Formation and Manage- 
ment of the Library — Purchase of the Library of 
Professor Innes, of Books from the Library of 
Professor Stevenson, and of Euing Duplicates in 
the Library of the University of Glasgow — Tem- 
porary Premises secured. 

The Mitchell Library had its origin in a trust dis- 
position and settlement by the late Stephen Mitchell, 
tobacco manufacturer, formerly of Linlithgow, but 
for many years in St. Andrew's Square, Glasq^ow, 
where the firm still carry on business. By this deed, 
which bears date 5th January, 1866, with codicil 
dated 4th May, 1870, Mr. Mitchell bequeathed the 
residue of his estate to the city of Glasgow, to " form 
the nucleus of a fund for the establishment and endow- 
ment of a large public library in Glasgow, with all the 
modem accessories connected therewith," and he pro- 
vided that the residue ** should be allowed to accumulate 
until, by its own natural increase, or by contributions 
from others, the fund should amount to £70,000, or 
even a larger sum should that be considered necessary 
by the Lord Provost, Magistrates, and Councillors 
for the time being, before the formation of the library 
is begun.*' The principal directions of Mr. Mitchell 
regarding the library will be found embodied in the 
constitution, a copy of which follows. 

Mr. Mitchell, who had for some time been resident 



102 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

at Moffat, died on 2l8t April, 1874. His agents 
intimated the bequest, with its probable amount, to the 
Town Council on 6th May, and the Council on 16th 
July accepted the trusifc. After consultation with Mr. 
Mitchell's adviser, Mr. Boyd, who was thoroughly 
acquainted with his wishes, the following constitution 
was drawn up. The Town Council approved it on 
30th October, and on 20th November the approval of 
Mr. Mitchell's agents was also intimated : — 

Constitution of Tub MrrcHELL Library, Glasgow. 

1. The residue of the Estate of the late Stephen Mitchell, with the 
interest and profits which may accrue thereon, shall hereafter be 
known and designated as *' The Mitchell Library Fund." The said 
fund shall, with any contributions or additions thereto that may be 
made by others, and subject to the expenses of management, form 
the nucleus of a fund for acquiring and altering existing premises, or 
for erecting new buildings suitable for a large Public Library in 
Glasgow, and for establishing, endowing, and maintaining such a 
Library, with all the modem accessories connected therewith. The 
said Library shall hereafter be known and designated as " The 
Mitchell Library.'' 

2. Books on all subjects not immoral shall be freely admitted to, 
and form part of, the Library, and no book shall be r^;arded as 
immoral which simply controverts present opinions on political or 
religious questions. 

3. The administration of "The Mitchell Libraiy Fund" and of 
" The Mitchell Library " shall, subject to the direction and review of 
the Lord Pravost, Magistrates, and Councillors of the City of Glasgow, 
be entrusted to a Committee of their number, to be anniuJly appointed 
by them, and the proceedings of the Committee, and of such Sub- 
Committees as it may from time to time appoint, shall be reported to 
the Town Council in such way and manner and at such times as 
the Town Council may from time to time direct 

4. The Lord Provost, Magistrates, and Councillors shall from 
time to time elect such officers as they may consider necessary for 
the management of '' The Mitchell Library Fund " and of << The 
Mitchell Labrary," subject to such conditions as they may from time 
to time prescribe. 

5. The Accounts of the Fund shall be annually balanced, audited, 
and submitted to the Lord Provost, Magistrates, and Council, at such 
time and in such wav and manner as the said Lord Provost,. 
Magistrates, and Councillors may from time to time prescribe. 

6. The Lord Provost, Magistrates, and Ooonciliort shall have 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 



103 



power from time to time to add to, or incorporate with, " The Mitchell 
Library/' such other libraries or collections of books, or collections of 
objects of vertUj or collections of objects of science and art, as in their 
opinion may add to the utility and value thereof, and they may designate 
the libraries or collections so to be added to, or incorporated with, 
the Mitchell Library, by such distinctive names as they think 
proper, provided always that, in the exercise of the power hereby 
confen'od on them, they shall not contravene the essential conditions 
of Mr. Mitchell's Bequest. 

7. The Mitchell Library shall be accessible to the public for pur- 
poses of reference and consultation, at such hours and subject to 
such conditions as the Lord Provost, Magistrates, and Council may 
from time to time prescribe; and for the accommodation of the 
persons who may wish so to use the Library, a Librarian and staff of 
Assistants shall be provided, who shall give out such books as may 
be applied for, and see that the same are duly returned uninjured. 
The Lord Provost, Magistrates, and Council may also authorize any 
of the books in the Library to be lent out under such conditions as 
they may from time to time prescribe. 



In pursuance of the testator's directions the Town 
Council appointed the following gentlemen 
mittee to administer the fund and the library :- 



a com- 



The Lord Provost (James Bain), Knighted in 1877, left the Council 



Bailie William Collins, 



Dean of Guild Patrick Playfair, 
Deacon-Convener Wm. Smith, 
Treasurer Miller, - - - 

Councillor James Adams, 

Councillor William Clark, 

Councillor Hugh Colquhoun, - 

Councillor Wm. B. Garvie, 
Councillor Henrv Grierson, 
Councillor Thos. A. Mathiesoii, 



Councillor Alex. Mackenzie, 
Councillor A G. Macdonald, 



in same year. 
Lord Provost from 1877 to 1880, 
knighted in 1880, left the Council 
in same year. 
Vacated office in 1875. 
Vacated office in 1875. 
Vacated Treasurership in 1875, 

left the Council in 1 879. 
Elected Bailie in 1876, left the 

Council in 1880. 
Elected Bailie in 1875, left the 

Council in 1879. 
Elected Bailie in 1879, left the 

Council in 1882. 
Left the Council in 1879. 
Left the Council in 1883. 
Preceptor of Hutchesons' Hospital, 

1878 to 1883, left the Council 

in 1884. 
Left the Council in 1875. 
Left the Council in 1879. 



104 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

CcnincilU»r John Neil, Elected Depute RiTer B«ilie in 

1883, elected Bailie in 18S1. 

iVniiK'itlor Jfimeii Salmon, Left the Council in 1878. 

(Vuficillor Mward J. Scott, - Elected Bulie in 1875, left tkt 

Coandl in 1880. 

(\mtioilK>r W. H. W. Smith, - Still a member of Committee. 

(?<ntficill(>r John Vtv, - Elected BaUie in 1875, liord Pvovort 

from 1880 to 1883, when h«- 
leh the CoonciL 

(VuiioUlor Winiiiiii Wiliiun, - Elected Bailie in 1876, Preceptor 

of Hntchesons' Hospital in 1884. 
Convener of the librarr Coot- 
mittee from 1878. 

(\*iiv0nor Tlio ImihI Provodt ; Sub-Convener — Cooncillor Salmon. 

Tho not Miiiii pnid over to the Town Council by the 
ftMHMlor'rt n'|»rr«untativc8 was £66,998 10s. 6d. In 
noHn<h»Mro with thu directions of the will this re- 
iimJfKMl nl luU^nmi until 1876, when it had increased 
t<i r/O.OOO. Iloforu proceeding to the history of the 
lilirnry ii|i to lliiH ]H)int we have been dealing only 
with lliH (tiiid till) fow changes in the committee which 
U'ttU pi'irn lihl.wnon 1 874 and the opening of the library 
ill |»;'// may l»n iiot^^d. In November, 1875. BailiV- 
Mdffi'tori find (*oiirK!illor James Moir joined the com- 
luilUh, Mild (/oiifirillor Mackenzie left it Dean of 
Utfild \'\f%yUut' waH Huccecded by Dean of Guild Janies^ 
iUuit, Mhd |)i'.iu:on-Convoner Smith by Deacon-Con- 
vhut^f A r/ liiliald OilrhrlHt. In November, 1876, Coun- 
hiWhi VVillMtifi itrown took the place of Bailie Morri- 
rwrh III I't'/ii, l\iti Huni n?iin<;d by Mr. Mitchell having 
\tt.t.h nnt)9*'t\, t\iti (>ouiicil determined on putting the 
fr..if.*iloi n iiihjitioriH into operation, and as a first 
pih.\t, Ih Marwi#:k, the Town Clerk, was desired to 
itf'i " M|# a rrji#;rt on tin; Hubjcct. This re|H>rt presents 
Ht, tfM.II Mi«} ^«:iii:ntl rotihiderutions which have deter- 
Utihui l.ti<. poliiy of tin; Town Council in the develo|>- 
ihi'id itttti iiiuna(;i;nM:ritof the libran*, that the following 
t.^hhJia ttnin it ans given as the best method of indi- 
tMhhi/ i.U*i Uui'M on which it has been conducted. 
Ath'i 9t,Uhititsiuy^ li$t: principal provisions of the con- 
kiiimi'm, iir tAnrwir.k prrxx'cds — 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 105 

*' The testator's settlement, and the Constitution prepared in strict 
Aooordance with it, and with the views and feelings of Mr. Mitchell 
himself, as expressed to his agent, Mr. Boyd, thus define, to a con- 
siderable extent, what must be the character of the library. It must 
be one large Public Library, with all the modem accessories. All 
books not immoral, in the broad sense explained by the testator, must 
be freely admitted to and form part of it ; other libraries and collec- 
tions of books, and such collections of objects of vertUy or science and 
Art, as in the opinion of the Town Council will increase the utility 
■and value of the library, may also be added to it and form part of it. 
It must be accessible to the public for purposes of reference and con- 
sultation — that is to say, its primary purpose must be that of refer- 
ence and consultation ; but the Town Council may authorize any of 
the books to be lent out under such conditions as they may prescribe. 

" To make the * Mitchell Library * a great public library — primarily 
of reference — ^worthy of Glasgow, must necessarily be the work of 
many years, during which it is to be hoped the liberality of public- 
spirited citizens will largely supplement the existing bequest, munifi- 
cent as it is. Such aid, however, it appears to the Committee, will 
be best secured by the distinct avowal on the part of the Magistrates 
«uid Council of their desire and aim to make it for Glasgow, though on 
a necessarily more limited scale, what the British Museum is for the 
nation. The Committee see no reason why, under proper manage- 
ment, the Mitchell Library may not become, as one of the highest 
authoiities on such matters in England has said it should become, 
second only, as a public library, to tliat of the British Museum. But 
if it is to become this, every idea must be banished of limiting its 
«cope or making it the libraiy of any class. At first, no doubt, the 
object of those entrusted with the management must be to collect 
works of standard literature in every department, taking care that 
no branch is unduly represented. But in the subsequent additions 
the same harmony and universality must be observed ; and care must 
specially be taken that no opportunities are lost of enriching the 
library, from time to time, with the rarer and more costly works 
which are oaly to be found in great libraries. It will be for con- 
sidei-ation whether, in view of the fact that the University Library, 
and other special libraries within the city, are in possession of many 
rare and costly works to which the student may, under suitable regu- 
lations, have access, the earlier purchases of that class of works for the 
Mitchell Library should not, in the first instance, be directed rather 
to providing for Glasgow, what none of these special libraries already 
contain, than to multiplying copies of the same work. This, however, 
is a matter of detail, the very mention of which may serve every neces- 
sary purpose at present ; and the Committee cannot doubt that in this, 
and indeed in every department of their work, they will receive the 
hearty co-operation and assistance of the Senatus, and of every citizen 
whose knowledge and taste qualify him for giving advice in such a 
matter. 



IOC THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

*' Meanwhile the Committee desire to express their oonearrenoe io 
the following passages of the Report on ' Free Town Libraries and 
Museums,' prepared by Lord Provost Blackie> and adopted bj the 
Magistrates and Council on 18th February, 1864 : — 

'"3. A free public library implies two indispensable things. It 
must be, in the fullest sense, the property of the public, and it must 
be suited to the tastes and necessities of every rank and condition of 
the public. By many the institution of public libraries is regarded 
merely as a benevolent project for providing instructive reading to 
the poor and the working classes. No idea, it may be confidently 
affirmed, was further from the minds of those who first directed 
public attention to our national deficiency in this matter ; or of the 
Committee of the House of Commons when they investigated into 
the nature and extent of the want, and recommended the readiest 
and most efficient remedy ; or of the Legislature when it adopted and 
embodied the Committee's proposal of a small rate to be levied for the 
creation and support of town libraries. Established on any other 
principle than that of meeting a great social want by a great public 
effort, in a spirit of the most perfect catholicity and comprehensive- 
ness, the whole system would be false in principle and erroneous in 
policy ; and not even the advantage of a rate levied under legislative 
enactment would prevent it from hastening into inutility and decay. 
The working-classes, who, by reason of their superior numbers, would 
be the chief contributors to the foundation and support of a town 
library, would also shai*e the most largely in its benefits ; but as the 
library would be the property of no class in particular, and the books 
would be chosen with a view to the requirements of a diversified 
I)opulation, so the professional man, the scholar, the merchant, the 
manufacturer, the mechanician, the chemist, the student of nature or of 
art, would each, in his own place and proportion, and according to 
his tastes and pursuits, share freely and of right in the litu'ary trea- 
sures accumulated at the common exi)en8e. 

*' ' 4. A public library, in order to its being adapted to a great com- 
munity, should be eminently distinguished by the character of gener- 
ality ] and its true and i)erniRnent value, a]Mirt from its fully meeting 
the demands of ordinai*y readers, will consist in its being in iKMs csai on 
of all that is most useful and interesting in every branch of knowledge. 
Not only should it embrace the best books in every department of hu- 
man inquiry, so as to bo of value to men of every profession ; but the 
ornamental ought to blend with the useful, and — as in the case of the 
free public libraries of Manchester and Liverpool, and of many 
libraries in the United States — those works should be acquired which, 
owing to the cost of their production, the splendour of their illustra- 
tions, their sumptuous typography, their antiquity or rarity, are only 
to be found at present in ])ossession of a few academic and other in- 
stitutions, and are virtually excluded from the inspection of the oom- 
mon people.' 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. lOT 

'' A library thus formed, it is true, will not serve the purposes of 
District Libraries, the books in which may be lent out to the inhabi- 
tants and read in suitable reading-rooms attached to the libraries. 
The value of such libraries and reading-rooms can scarcely be over- 
estimated in a community like that of Glasgow. But, though district 
libraries may be provided by other means, which will be afterwards 
noticed, they cannot be procured under the Mitchell Bequest, the 
object and pui-pose of which are different. Let it not be said, how- 
ever, that the Mitchell Library so constituted would be a library for 
the rich. To say so is to ignore the fact that many of those who have 
most distinguished themselves and benefited the world by their re- 
searches and discoveries, and by their contributions to literature in 
every department, have sprung from the humblest ranks. To such 
men, and to men of like spirit and sympathies, the command of such 
appliances of knowledge as the Mitchell Library will offer to every 
person in Glasgow, is a boon which cannot be regarded as in any 
sense limited to a class. 

" It will be observed that Mr. Mitch ell's Bequest is appointed by 
himself to accumulate till it amounts to £70,000 at least before the 
formation of the library is begun. The net sum received from hi& 
Trustees was £66,998 10s. 6d. ; and the interest which has since 
accrued makes the sum now available about £70,360. This sum 
comprehends the value of books purchased, including the library of 
the late Professor Cosmo Innes, and purchases made at the sale of the 
valuable library of the late Professor Stevenson. In making these 
purchases, under the authority of Magistrates and Council, the Com- 
mittee mainly desired to secure many works which are not often to 
be met with. But it must not be assumed that the collection already 
made indicates in any way the composition of the future library, 
which, as has already been said, should be of the widest and most 
universal character. 

" Such a library, as it is to be hoped the Mitchell Library is destined 
to be, should, in the opinion of the Committee, be placed in a building 
constructed for the purpose on the most approved principles, and with 
all the requisites of a great library, including a consulting-room suit- 
ably furnished with reading desks, and with every facility for research. 
In preparing the plan of such a building, every advantage should be 
taken of the experience suggested by the British Museum and other 
important libraries in the country. Adequate provision should also 
be made at the first for indefinite future extension. The situation of 
such a building should be central, and the building itself worthy of 
Glasgow." 

It will be seen from a reference in the above report 
that a commencement had already been made in the 
acquisition of books to form the library. After the 
death of Professor Cosmo Innes, of Edinburgh Univer- 



108 THE LIBRARIES OF GLA860 W. 

eity, negotiations were entered into with a view to 
secure for the Mitchell Library his valuable collection 
of books. These were happily successful ; and it 
must ever be matter for congratulation that the first 
practical step towards giving effect to Mr. Mitchell's 
enlightened and benevolent intentions was the purchase 
of a library so rich in works of standard value ; and in 

E articular that a public library which gives promise of 
ecoming of national importance started with securing 
80 many rare works tn Scottish history, biography, 
genealogy, and antiquities. 

Professor Innes was the editor of many of the import- 
ant cartularies and other works issued by the Bannatyne, 
Maitland, and Spalding Clubs. He passed Advocate 
in 1822, was elected Sheriff of Morayshire, 1840, and 
appointed to the Chair of History in the University of 
Edinburgh, 1846. He was the author of several 
antiquarian works which are so widely known and 
appreciated as to render their separate mention un- 
necessary. He died at Killin on 31st Julv, 1874, 
aged seventy-six. His library was rich in all works 
relating to charter lore and the constitutional history of 
Scotland. It consisted of nearly 2,000 volumes and 
pamphlets. Some of the leading works may be named : — 

Six of the important works edited by Dr. William Eraser — ^The 
Cliiefs of Colquhonn, History of the Camegies, The Red Book of 
GraudtuUy, The Maxwells of Pollok, Memorials of the Mont- 
gomeries Earls of Eglinton, and the Stirlings of Keir; Baroniid 
and Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Scotland, by Billings ; Anderson's 
Scottish Nation ; Lindsay's Coinage of IreUnd, of the Parthians, 
of the Heptarchy ; his Greek, Roman, and Anglo-Saxon Coins ; 
Remarkable Medieval Coins, and other of his works ; Drayton's Poly- 
Olbion, 1613; Camden*s Britannia, 1095; Rotnli Scotiae in Turn 
Londinensi, &c., 1814-19 ; George Buchanan, Oi)era Omnia, Raddi- 
man's fine edition, 1715 ; Anderson, Diplomata et Numismata 
Scotiae, 1739 ; Facsimiles of National Manuscripts, 7 volamet, folio : 
Moreri, Diction naire Historique, 6 volumes, folio, Paris, 1732; Bayle, 
Dictionnaire Historique et Critique, 4 volumes, folio, Amsterdam, 
1730; Stow's Survey of London, 1618; Delrio, Diaquiaittonain 
Magicarum, 1617 ; Raleigh's Historic of the World, 1628 ; Riiah- 
wonh'i Historical Collections, 7 volomea, folio, 1659-1701 ; Boooaodo's 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 10& 

Decameron, Florence, 1573 ; MTiierson's Antiquities of Kertch ; a 
large namber of volumes of the publications of the Bannatyne Club, 
Abbotsford Olub^ Spalding Club, Maitland Club, Boxburghe Club, 
and the Spottiswoode Society ; R. W. Cochran-Patrick's Scottish 
Coins ; some volumes of the Irish Archssological Society's publica- 
tions ; Innes's Essay on the Inhabitants of Scotland ; Leslie, De 
Origine Moiibus et Eebus Gestis Scotorum, Home, 1675; Skene's 
Memorialls for the Government of Royal Burghs, Aberdeen, 1685 ; 
Cameron, De Scotorum Fortitudine, Paris, 1631 ; Scott, Fasti 
Eoclesia Scoticanae ; The Arbuthnot Missal ; Scotorum Historiae 
a prima Gentis, Hector Boethius, Paris, 1526 or 1527, the rare 
first edition ; Smith's Iconographia Scotica ; The Bruces and the 
Gomyns ; The Miscellanea Scotica ; Sinclair's Statistical Account of 
Scotland ; Jervise's Lands of the Lindsays, and his Antiquities of 
Angus and Meams ; Lord Lindsay's Lives of the Lindsays ; Stuart's 
Records of the Priory of tho Isle of May; Marwick's History of the 
High Constables of Edinburgh ; Lyon's History of St. Andrews ; 
Miller's Arbroath and its Abbey ; Dalzel's History of the Univer- 
sity of Edinburgh ; Seton's Heraldry in Scotland, Regiam Majes- 
tatem Scotiae, &c., folio, Edin., 1609 ; Sir George Mackenzie's 
Laws and Customs of Scotland, Edin., 1699; Chalmers's Caledonia ; 
many volumes relating to the Crawford and Lindsay Peerage case ; 
White's ArchsBological Sketches in Kin tyre ; Wyntoun's Crony kil of 
Scotland, 2 volumes, 1795; several volumes relating to the Sutherland 
Peerage case; Shaw's History of Moray, 1775 ; Burnet's Memorials 
of the Dukes of Hamilton, 1677; Acts of the Parliaments of Scot- 
land, 10 volumes, folio; Hofman, Lexicon Universale, Basil, 1677-83. 

Under power of the sixth article of the constitution, 
which provides that collections may be placed apart 
from the general library and known by the name of 
the donor or possessor, the Innes books have been 
kept together. It may be of interest to mention that 
in the set of the reprinted Acts of the Parliaments of 
Scotland were placed loose the last sheets of the index 
of that great work, which he prepared for the press 
shortly before his death. 

The Committee also about this time secured a set of 
the publications of the Bannatyne Club, which they 
purchased from Mr. James Maidment, the well-known 
antiquary. 

Shortly afterwards the magnificent library of the 
late Rev. William Stevenson, Professor of Church 
History in Edinburgh University, was dispersed by 



110 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

auction. This was one of the most important private 
libraries in Scotland — rich in rare works, probably 
unrivalled in works concerning church controversies, 
admirable in condition, and containing many thousand 
volumes. From this source were obtained 2,350 
volumes, including many of much value. Professor 
Stevenson was the author of " Legends and Com- 
memorative Celebrations of St. Kentigern.'* Amongst 
other important works secured were : — 

Faber's Lives of the Saints, 43 volumes, 1847-56 ; Memorie of the 
Somervilles, 2 volumes; Muir's Life of Mahomet^ 4 volumes; Strype't 
Historical and Biographical Works, 27 volumes ; Histoire Literaire 
de la France, 15 volumes, Paris, 1865-9 ; Baines's Histoty of the 
County Palatine, 2 volumes, London, 1868-70; Clinton's Fasti 
Hellenici ; the same writer's Fasti Romani ; Scott's Edition of 
Swift's Works, 19 volumes, Edinburgh, 1814; Lord Lindsay's 
History of Early Christian Art; Smith's History of the World; 
Wodrow Society publications, 28 volumes; Collected Works of Dugmld 
Stewart, edited by Sir W. Hamilton, 11 volumes; Histoire da 
Consulat et de I'Empire, par Thiers, 21 volumes; Wharton, Anglia 
Sacra, 1691 ; Charles Kirkpatrick Sliarpe's Etchings ; Scottish Burgh 
Record Society publications ; Hume's House of Douglas and Angus, 
2 volumes ; Liang's Early Metrical Tales ; Works of Mn» Hemans, 
7 volumes ; Pinkerton's Scottish Poems, Ballads, &c ; Notes and 
Queries, 1849-72 ; Dyce's edition of Beaumont and Fletcher ; 
Calvin's Commentaries (Latin), 7 volumes, Berlin, 1833-4 ; Southey's 
Book of the Church, with Replies, &Cf 12 volumes; Lane's edition 
of the Arabian Nights' Entertainment; Smeaton's Historical and 
Biographical Tracts ; Sir J. Y. Simpson's Archieological Essays ; 
Pinkeiton, Vitae Antiquao Sanctorum Scotiae ; Maidment and 
Gracie's Templaria ; Hook'K Lives of the Archbishops of Canterbury ; 
Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 1832-72 ; Lingard's 
History of England ; Series of 89 pamphlets on Papal Aggression, 
1847-55; about 350 other pamphlets on various subjects; (yDono- 
van's Annals of the Kingdom of Ireland, 7 volumes; Univwaal 
History, 25 volumes ; the Foulis edition of the Works of Cioero, 30 
volumes ; Retrospective Review ; Richardson's Works ; Reformation 
Society publications ; Evans's Old Ballads ; Joseph Ritson's Works ; 
Palgrave s Histories of Normandy and England ; Parker Society 
publications, 55 volumes ; IJoyd's Historie of Cambria ; Theiner, 
Codex Diplomaticus Dominii Temporalis S. Sedis; Old Northern 
Uunic Monuments, by Stephens ; Mabillon, De re Diplomatioa ; 
Pctrie's Monumenta Historica Britannica; Picart, CMmonies 
•et Coutumes Religieuses, &c., 12 volumes; Maitland's History of 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. Ill 

EdlDburgh ; Works of James I., 1616 ; Grose's Antiquities, 
12 volumes; Platonis Opera Omnia (Bekker), 11 volumes, 1826; 
O'Halloran's History of Ireland ; Britannia Sancta ; Wilson's 
Vishnu Purana ; Crowe's History of France ; Bunsen's Christianity 
and Mankind, 7 volumes ; Celtic Society publicatious ; Eegistrum 
Monasterii de Cambuskenneth ; Arcbseologia Scotica ; Blackwood's 
Magazine, 1817-73; Dublin University Magazine, 1837-73 ; Bnmet's 
Manuel du Libraire, 1860-5 ; Transactions of the Royal Society of 
Edinburgh, 1788-1872 ; AUibone's Dictionary of English and Ameri- 
can Authors; Acta Sanctorum, 61 volumes, folio, Paris, 1845-69; 
Richard et Giraud, Biblioth^que Sacr6e, 29 volumes ; and The Bee, 
edited by Anderson, 18 volume^ Edinburgh, 1791-93. 

Before this time the University of Glasgow had 
become possessed, by bequest, of the very important 
general library formed by the distinguished Glasgow 
collector, the late William Euing, one of the most 
generous donors to Stirling's Library, and founder of 
the Euing Musical Library in Anderson's University. 
Naturally many of the works in the extensive collection 
bequeathed to the University Library were duplicates 
of books already there ; and from these about 1,800 
volumes were selected for the Mitchell Library, at a 
valuation. 

The more important of them may be mentioned — 

Dibdin's Bibliotheca Spenceriana ; Biographia Britaunica ; Smith's 
Dictionary of the Bible ] Archaeological Journal, 1845-58 ; Horsley's 
Britannia Eomana ; King's Mimimenta Antiqua ; Gordon's History 
of the Earls of Sutherland ; Lye's Dictionarium Saxonica ; Sir Wm. 
Stirling-Maxwell's Annals of the Artists of Spain ; Waagen's Trea- 
sures of Art in Great Britain ; Weale's Early Masters in Christian 
Decoration; Humboldt et Bonpland's Voyage, ou Vues des Cor- 
dill^res ; Child's English and Scottish Ballads \ Beloe's Anecdotes of 
Literature and Scarce Books ; Hain's Bepertorium Bibliographicum ; 
Orania Britannica, by Davis and Thumam ; Halliwell's Account of 
New Place, Stratford-on-Avon ; Collier's History of English Dramatic 
Poetry ; Memorabilia of Glasgow, 1868 ; Early English Text Society's 
publications ; Ti*ansactions of the Social Science Association ; Biblio- 
theca Sacra, 1844-71 ; Beports of the British Association for the 
Advancement of Science ; Edinburgh Review ; Punch ; Dalyell's 
Powers of the Creator in the Creation, and Bare Animals of Scot- 
land ; Panzer, Annales Typographici ; D'Orbigny, Dictionnaire 
Universel d'Histoire Naturelle, 16 volumes; BestitUta, by Brydges; 
Morrison's Dictionary of the Chinese Language; Life and l^po- 



112 THE LIBRARIES OF QLASOOW. 

grai>hy of Caxton, by Blades; BruUiot, Diotionnaire det Mono- 
grammes ; and MacGreorge's Armorial Insignia of Glasgow. * 

These three purchases — Innes, Stevenson, and Euine 
duplicates — together with a few donations, comprised 
nearly 5,000 volumes, and were temporarily stored in 
an upper room at the City Chambers. 

As there was no suitable public building available, 
the Town Council resolved to commence in temporary 
premises. A very liberal offer was received from 
Councillor (now Bailie) Neil to give for the purposes of 
the library the free use for five years of the second 
floor of a large building recently erected by him in 
Ingram Street for business purposes. The Council 
cordially accepted this offer. It was soon found that 
the space would be insufficient, and an arrangement was 
made with Mr. Neil to take for a similar period the 
floor below in addition, at a rent fixed by the official 
assessor. These two floors, each about 100 feet by 40, 
form the premises in which the library has up to the 
present time remained. The period of five years first 
arranged for expired 31st May, 1882 ; but Bailie Neil 
very generously intimated that he does not wish to 
alter the terms of occupancy for the present ; and the 
library thus continues to enjoy the free use of the 
upper floor. 



CHAPTER VII. 

Appoiuhnent of Mr. F. T. Bai^ett as Librarian — Other 
Officers — Cailiolicity and Comprehensiveness aimed 
at in the Purchase of Books — Gtji of Books from the 
University of Glasgow — Arrangement of the Books — 
Tfie Catalogue. 

The question of premises thus temporarily settled, 
the next step was the appointment of a librarian. 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 113 

Advertisements were issued towards the end of 1876, 
and a large number of offers of service were received. 
After a patient examination of the credentials of the ap- 
plicants, and visits to a number of them in their respec- 
tive libraries, in different towns, by a sub-committee, 
the committee recommended the appointment of Mr. 
Francis Thornton Barrett, and the recommendation 
was approved by the Town Council in February, 1877. 
Mr. Barrett's claim on the consideration of the Commit- 
tee consisted of his ten years' service as sub-librarian in 
the Free Libraries of Birmingham, which, it is well 
known, are among the most successful in the kingdom. 
In addition to testimonials from the Committee at 
Birmingham, and from Mr. J. D. Mullins, the chief 
librarian, he had recommendations from the late Mr. 
George Dawson, Rev. R. W. Dale, D.D., the Right 
Hon. Joseph Chamberlain, and others. Later in the 
year Mr. John Ingram, librarian of the Select Sub- 
scription Library at Edinburgh, was appointed sub- 
librarian, and Mr. Thomas Mason, who had had some 
previous experience in library work, was appointed 
senior assistant. Mr. Ingram still remains on the 
staff; but Mr. Mason left in 1881 to take the post of 
librarian to Stirling's and Glasgow Public Library, his 
place being filled by the promotion of Messrs. J. D. 
Brown and Robert Adams, who had been engaged as 
assistants for some years. 

.On the appointment of the librarian the work was 
proceeded with. The books already acquired were 
registered and catalogued, and the principles of selec- 
tion for further purchases were defined with greater 
fulness. The views quoted by Dr. Mar wick in the 
preceding report^ from Lord Provost Blackie's report 
of 1864, were strongly approved, and particularly the 
great importance of catholicity and comprehensiveness 
was recognized. The following rules, which had been 
observed in the formation of the great Reference 
Library at Birmingham, and which, as will be seen, 

8 



114 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASOOW, 

are quite consistent with the previous decisions for the 
Mitchell Library, were noted with approval : — 

I. That the library should, as far as practicable, represent every 
phase of human thought and every variety of human opinion. 

II. That books of permanent value and of standard interest should 
form the principal portion of the library, and that modem books of 
value and importance should be added from time to time, as they are 
published. 

III. That it should contain those rare and costly works which are 
generally out of the reach of individual students, and which are not 
usually found in provincial or private libraries. 

It was remarked that in such a city as Glasgow, 
with so great a population, with such variety of cir- 
cumstances and interests, with students of every branch 
of knowledge, with professors of every shade of opinion 
in politics, in philosophy, and in religion, the demands 
upon the library would be of the most various kinds, 
and that if it was to fulfil its founder's intentions, these 
demands should as far as possible be met. It was 
decided also that special attention should be given to 
securing books on Scottish subjects, and particularly 
those relating to the city. 

With these objects in view, Usts of representative 
standard works were prepared, and distributed to most 
of the leading dealers in books in the kingdom, with a 
request that they would report such of the works as 
they had in stock. Nearly fifty sets of the lists were sent 
out, and a large proportion of them returned with oflfers. 
By this means the Committee were enabled to select a 
large number of books on very advantageous terms. 

In the meantime, the temporary rooms in Mr. Neil's 
building were furnished for the service of the library. 
The arrangement adopted was to devote the western 
portion of each of the rooms to readers, and the eastern 
portion of each was fitted with book-cases, the service- 
counter, the catalogues, and the staff being in the 
centre. The accommodation for readers consisted of 
chairs fitted with hat-rails, and tables furnished with 
umbrella rails. A hoist was provided to communicate 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 115 

between the two floors. The books were removed 
from the City Chambers to the library rooms in July. 

During this month the library received a donation 
of great value from the Senate of the University of 
Glasgow, consisting of volumes selected from the dup- 
licates (other than those bequeathed by Mr. Euing, 
before referred to) in the University Library. The 
whole number of volumes in this important gift was 
fully 2,000, and they included many books of great 
worth; among them — 

A large number of books printed by the Brothers Foulis ; 
Wieland's Werke, 40 volumes, Leipzig, 1794-1800; the rare first 
edition of the Works of Sir Thomas More, London, 1557, con- 
taining all the unnumbered leaves which are often absent from copies ; 
Tryal of Dr. Henry Sacheverell, London, 1710; Bacon's NoA'um 
Organum, London, 1620 ; Huttich, Imperatorum et Caesarum Vitae, 
1534; Operae Horarum Subcisivarum, sive Meditationes Historicae, 
Philip Camerarius, 1606 ; Boma Restituta, Thomas Bell, Glas- 
gow, 1672 ; Giimeston's Generall Historie of the Netherlands, 
London, 1609 ; De Boma Triumphante, Blondus, Basil, 1559 ; 
Camden's Annales Rerum AngUcarum, London, 1615 ; Arnot's 
Criminal Trials in Scotland, 1785 ; Selden's History of Tythes, 
1618 ; Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles, 71 volumes, 
Strasbourg, 1816-30 ; Memoires du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle, 
20 volumes, Paris, 1815-32 ; Anthony k Wood, Antiquitates 
XJniversitatis Oxoniensis, Oxon., 1674 ; Bibliotheca Graeca, 
Fabricius, 8 volumes, Hamburg, 1790-1802; Homilae quinquaginta, 
Saint Macarius the elder, Paris, 1559 ; History of the Works of 
the Learned, 12 volumes, 1099-17 10, surely one of the earliest 
reviews; De Vitis Stephanorum, Amsterdam, 1683; Naphtali, etc., 
1680; Sir William Moore's True Crucifixe for True Oatholickes, 
Edinburgh, 1629 ; John Row, Hebraese Linguae Institutiones, 
Glasgow, 1644, a very early specimen of Glasgow printing; Ex- 
positio Analytica Omnium Apostolicarum Epistolarum, David 
Dicson, Glasgow, 1645 ; Jansen, Paraphrasis in Psalmos Davidicos, 
Antwerp, 1614; Bacon's Sylva Syl varum, 1651 ; Book of Common 
Prayer for the Use of the Church of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1637, the 
Jenny Geddes Prayer Book ; Psalms of King David, translated by 
King James, London, 1636, not perfect ; Clarke's Mirror for Saints 
and Sinners, London, 1657 ; Symson's Historie of the Church, 
London, 1634; Ptolemy, Opera, Basil, 1551 ; Petrarch, Opera quae 
extant omnia, Basil, 1581 ; Commentarii Linguae Graecae, Budens, 
1529; Cicero, Opera, Paris, 1539; Psalmorum Davidis, Beza, London, 
1580 ; Papismus Lucifugus, Menziesand Dempster, Aberdeen, 1668. 



116 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

The books were next placed upon the shelves, an 
attempt being made to combine the advantages of an 
arrangement by subjects with those of an arrangement 
by size. As far as possible, all the books on a given 
subject were placed in the same press, while those of 
the same size were on the same shelf. For example, 
in the department of Foreign History and Topography, 
the works on Asia and Asiatic countries were placed 
together in one press — the larger books on the lower, 
and the smaller on the upper shelves. On each shelf 
the books were arranged in geographical order, com- 
mencing with the western and ending with the eastern 
countries of Asia, the result being that all the works 
relating to Palestine, Syria, etc., were at the left hand, 
or first end of the shelves, while books on China, 
Japan, and the east coast, were at the right hand or 
last end, with the central parts of Asia between. The 
adjacency of books on the same subject was thus 
secured, but made vertical instead of, as is more usual, 
horizontal ; and the waste and unsightliness of varying 
sizes of books on the same shelf avoided. A similar 
plan of arrangement was attempted in other classes, 
though all subjects do not lend themselves to this treat- 
ment so readily as does topography. 

The alphabetical form ot catalogue was adopted, from 
a strong conviction of its great superiority in libraries 
frequented by the general public. In this kind of 
catalogue each work is entered under the name of its 
author, when known, under its subject or subjects, and 
under its title, for example : — Gilfillan's '* Bards of the 
Bible" is under Gilfillan, Bible, and Bards; Conder's 
'* Tent-work in Palestine, " under Conder, Tent-work, 
and Palestine ; Davy's " Salmonia or Fly-Oshing, " 
under Davy, Salmonia, and Angling. 

The result of this arrangement is that a reader, 
wishing to see a work by any given author, refers to 
his name, and sees at once if it is in the library ; 
while a reader who desires to see what the librarv 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 117 

possesses on a given subject, finds under the name of 
that subject what books may be seen. 

To illustrate the manner in which these entries 
under subjects place the reader in command of the 
resources of the library in the subjects on which he is 
seeking information, the following may be named, the 
numbers following them showing how many works in 
each case are already in the catalogue : — Africa, 55 
Agriculture, 46 ; America, 64 ; Anatomy, 33 ; Ang 
ling, 49 ; Architecture, 118; Arctic, 31; Art, 169 
Astronomy, 91; Bible, 270; Bibliography, 94; Bio 
graphy, 74 ; Botany, 97 ; Britain, 79 ; Canada, 39 
Chemistry, 80; Christianity, 109; Church, 166 
Dictionary, 167; Drama, 101; Drunkenness, 30 
Edinburgh, 85; Education, 97; Egypt, 52; En 
gineering, 49 ; England, 240 ; Entomology, 37 
France, 116; Future State, 31; Gardening, 43 
Geography, 54 ; Geology, 101 ; Geometry, 29 ; Glas 
gow, 428 ; Grammar, 138 ; Greece, 67 ; Health, 44 
History, 91; India, 142; Ireland, 111; Iron, 21 
Italy, 56 ; Jesus, 63 ; Land, 42 ; Language, 162 
Law, 72; Libraries, 94; Literature, 136; London 
07; Man, 54; Music, 97; Natural History, 102 
Natural Philosophy, 55 ; Ornithology, 43 ; Painting 
41 ; Palestine, 45 ; Philosophy, 106 ; Political Econ 
omy, 38 ; Physiology, 39 ; Poetrj'-, 146 ; Religion, 75 
Koman Catholicism, 48 ; Rome, 84 ; Russia, 48 
Science, 99 ; Scotland, 714 ; Sermons, 136 ; Shake 
speare. 111 ; Testament, Old and New, 108 ; Theology 
68 ; Trials, 30 ; United States, 1 28 ; Zoology, 30. 

Slips were printed as books were added, and mounted 
in oraer, in large guard books, which are laid on the 
counters for the use of readers. A catalogue of a more 
comprehensive description, in which the same general 
principles are to be carried out with more thoroughness, 
is in preparation. 



118 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW, 



CHAPTER VIIL 

Opening of the Library — First Book Issued — Rapid 
Increase of Readers — Magazine Room — Donations, 
Chalmers Bequest — Exchanges — Gift of Early 
Glasgow Printing from Mr. J. Wyllie Ghiild — Moir 
Bequest — Purchase of the Bums Collection formed- 
by Mr. James Gibson — More Donations — Improve- 
ment in Trade, Decrease of Attendance — Further 
Donations — Valuable Collection of Scottish Poetry 
received from Mr. Alex. Gardyne — Acquisition of 
the Gould Collection of Bumsiana — Still Further 
Donations — Growth of the Library — Use made of it 
by the Public — Progress probably without Precedent 

The library was formally opened on Ist November by 
the Hon. James Bain (now Sir James Bain), Lora 
Provost. Amongst those who supported his lordship 
were, in addition to the members of the committee, 
Professor W. P. Dickson, Professor Grant, Sir James 
Watson, Dr. Marshall Lang, Mr. Michael Connal, 
Sheriff Lees, Mr. J. Wyllie Guild, Mr. Wm. Mitchell, 
and others. Addresses appropriate to the occasion 
were delivered, and earnest wishes expressed that the 
library might prove to be a popular and useful insti- 
tution in the city. 

The issue of books was commenced on Monday, 
5th November, 1877. The first book asked for was 
" Liber Officialis Sancti Andree . . . Sententiarum 
in Causis Consistorialibus que extant," edited by Cosmo 
Innes. The number of volumes issued during the day 
was 186, and a commencement was made in what has 
since become one of the marked characteristics in the 
use of the library, namely, the making of extracts for 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 119 

future reference, and the copying designs for artistic 
purposes. It is not known what the first quotation 
extracted was ; but pencil sketches were made from 
Collins's picture, ''Rustic Hospitality," and from a 
number of the illustrations in Lavater's "Physiog- 
nomy." 

The issue of books at once began to increase, and 
that at a rate the management were not prepared for. 
It is probable that in very few libraries is it true, as it 
is here, that the smallest day's issue was the first. 

The first printed report on the library was issued 
early in 1880, and embraced the period from the 
opening till the end of 1879. The Committee ex- 
pressed " no ordinary satisfaction " that they were 
enabled to issue so favourable a statement. The 
record was one of steady progress and of public use- 
fulness. The attendance of the public had continuously 
increased ; and in the first report it was found neces- 
sary to state that the temporary premises had already 
become insufficient for the requirements of the insti- 
tution. The number of volumes in the Ubrary had 
increased from 14,432 at the opening to 28,532 ; and 
the use of them had grown in even greater proportion. 
The following small table gives the average number 
of volumes issued daily during this period : — 

November and December, 1877, - 395 

January to June, 1878, - - - 505 

July to December, 1878, - - - 753 

January to June, 1879, - - - 1,179 

July to December, 1879, - - - 1,294 

All statements of volumes issued exclude the use made 
of current periodicals in the magazine room now to be 
described. 

In addition to the supply of books for the use of the 
public, the committee had organized a magazine room, 
in which the current numbers of a large selection of 
periodical publications could be seen. The arrange- 



120 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

ments in this room were of the most liberal character. 
No formality of any kind was necessary to procure 
access to the magazines. Each was secured in a 
strong reading cover, and all were placed openly on 
the tables in alphabetical order, so that frequenters 
of the room had only to walk in and find the journal 
of which they were in search. The number provided 
in this way was 150, and they had been selected with 
a wish to provide a thoroughly representative collection 
of the organs of current opinion and interest. This 
department of the library was from the first a most 
popular one. 

A gratifying section of the first, as of all subsequent 
reports, is the list of donations. In addition to the 
large and important gift from the University authori- 
ties already refeiTed to, there were gifts announced 
from Mr. John Alexander (24 volumes of Scottish 
poets), Mr. Robert Anderson (Sotheby's Principia 
Typographia, 3 volumes, folio, and other works), Mr. 
A. B. Allan (a set of Engineering, 23 volumes), Sir 
James Bain, Messrs. Blackie & Son (110 volumes, 
chiefly of works published by them), Mr. J. Cleland 
Burns, Dr. Cameron, M.P., Mr. R. W. Cochran- 
Patrick, M.P., the Hon. William Collins, Lord Pro- 
vost (more than 200 volumes and pamphlets), Mr. A. 
G. Collins (selection of standard works of fiction, 155 
volumes), the late Bailie Colquhoun (Virtue's Imperial 
edition of the Works of Shakspere, 5 volumes, folio). 
Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders in Scotland 
(their transactions), Glasgow Natural History Society, 
Glasgow Philosophical Society, Mr Thomas Johnston 
(numerous contributions to the " Poets' Comer " and 
the Glasgow collection). Lord Mayor and Corporation 
of London, Mr. James MacLehose, Mr John Mann 
(Glasgow Herald, 1861 to 1876, bound; Glasgow 
Mornmg Journal, 1858-60), Mr. David Murray (112 
volumes), the late Mr. J. R. Napier (120 volumes and 
pamphlets), Bailie Neil (Wyatt's Industrial Arts of 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 121 

the Nineteenth Century, 2 volumes, folio). Councillor 
W. R. W. Smith, the Swedenborg Society (works of 
Emanuel Swedenborg, 44 volumes, and other books), 
the late Mr. W. West Watson, City Chamberlain 
(Hume's History of England, printed by Bensley for 
Bowyer, 5 volumes, folio, volumes of Scottish news- 
papers, etc.). Preceptor William Wilson (contributions 
to the " Poets' Corner " and Glasgow collection). 

In reporting on the year 1880 the committee were 
compelled to proceed very much on the lines of their 
first report. The history of the year was one of con- 
tinued progress, both in the growth of the library and 
in the appreciation of it hy the community generally. 
They believed they were "justified in making the state- 
ment that its progress has been quite unprecedented." 
The details of the work of the year may perhaps be 
postponed for a general table or statement further on. 
This year was marked by the bequest by Mr. Richard 
Chalmers, for many yeaJs principal of the Ladies' Col- 
lege. No. 1 Claremont Terrace, who resided in Kirkin- 
tilloch, of his private library. The bequest comprised 
nearly 1,000 volumes, and consisted chiefly of works in 
general literature, with, however, a leaning to subjects 
of an educational and philological character. Among 
the works included were: — A set of the publications of 
the Early EngUsh Text Society ; Goethe s Sammtliche 
Werke, 30 volumes, a fine copy ; Schiller's Sammtliche 
Werke, 12 volumes; Works of Henry Hallam, 6 vol- 
umes, of Richard Hooker, 3 volumes, of Archbishop 
Leighton, 2 volumes; of Thomas Carlyle,of Max Mtiller; 
Dyce's edition of Shakespeare, 9 volumes; Shakespeare's 
Dramatische Werke, Schlegel und Tieck, 12 volumes; 
Clarke's Concordance to Shakspere; Chambers's Life 
and Works of Burns, 4 volumes ; Scott's Minstrelsy of 
the Scottish Border, 4 volumes; Wordsworth's Poetical 
Works, 6 volumes; the Percy Folio Manuscript, 
3 volumes; Dictionnaire de la Langue Fran9aise, 
par Littre, 5 volumes; Dictionnaire comparatif des 



122 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Langues Teuto-gothiques, par Meidinger ; Halliwell s 
Archaic Dictionary, 2 volumes; Histoire de la Idt- 
t^rature Anglaise, par Taine, 5 volumes; Dictionnaire 
des Sciences Fhilosophiques, par Franck ; Les Arts au 
Moyen Age, par Lacroix ; Les Moeurs, Usages, et Cos- 
tumes au Moyen Age, par Lacroix, fine copies ; Grun- 
driss der Kunstgeschichte, von Lubke, 2 volumes; 
Bos well's Life of Johnson, 10 volumes; a number of 
volumes of Bohn's series, of Arbor's reprints, and of 
Pickering's reprints. A considerable portion of the 
books were duplicates of works previously acquired; 
but by Mr. Chalmers's forethought this was no burden, 
for by his will he empowered the committee to ex- 
change such books for others, or to sell them and 
apply the proceeds to the purchase of other books. 
This power as regards exchanging has on several occa- 
sions been made use of and the library thereby en- 
riched, while at the same time the exchanging library 
was also benefited. By far the greater portion of the 
exchanges so effected up to the present have been with 
Stirling's Library, with the result that both are ren- 
dered more complete. It should always be kept in 
mind that all books received in exchange for duplicates 
are registered as the gift of the donor who presented 
the duplicate volumes, and in this way full efiect is 
given to the donor's desire to benefit the library. 

Another benefaction of interest during 1880 was the 
receipt from Mr. J. Wyllie Guild of a collection of 
books on various subjects, but all printed in Glasgow 
before the commencement of the present century. 
There were seventy-eight volumes in all, and among 
them were specimens from the presses of R. Sanders, 
sen., 1666 to 1690; R. Sanders, jun., 1697 to 1723; 
A. Hepburn, 1689; A. M'Lean, 1706; H. Brown, 
1713-14; D. Govan, 1715; J. & W. Duncan, 1720; 
A. Carmichael, 1732-8 ; A. Miller, 1738-41 ; J. Robert- 
son, 1739-69, and others. The other donations in- 
cluded — From the Lords of the Admiralty, a collection 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 123 

of the astronomical works issued from the Royal 
Observatory at Greenwich; the Bible Spciety of 
Scotland, a collection of Bibles in various languages, 
27 volumes; Institution of Civil Engineers, 23 vol- 
umes of their Proceedings, to complete the library 
set ; His Grace the Duke of Devonshire, the costly 
catalogue of the library at Chatsworth, 4 volumes ; Dr. 
A. B. M'Grigor, 131 volumes; Mr. Thomas Reid, the 
manuscript of an unpublished philological work by the 
late Dr. John Reid, a teacher of languages in Glasgow ; 
Messrs. E. & F. N. Spon, publishers, some of their 
engineering and technical books, and some of the names 
in the previous report. 

The great event of the year 1881 was the bequest 
by the late Bailie Moir of his large and well-chosen 
library, together with the residue of his estate. This 
is announced in the report of that year in the following 
terms : — " In the last report [it had been known early 
in the year that this bequest was made] reference was 
made to the important and valuable bequest made to 
the library by the esteemed and lamented Bailie Moir. 
Your committee have to report that, although the 
residue of the estate has not yet been transferred to the 
Town Council, it will, they have reason to believe, 
amount to about £12,000, which will, after providing 
for an annuity to the deceased's sister, be applicable to 
purchasing books, to be placed along with the books 
bequeathed by the testator in the MitiChell Library." 
.... The books left by Bailie Moir were described as 
a " large and excellent collection of standard works in 
general literature. , . . The books are in admirable con- 
dition, many of them being handsomely bound. Most 
classes of literature are represented, the classification 
showing 398 books and pamphlets in Theology and 
Philosophy, 899 in History and Biography, 1,241 in 
Political, Legal, and Social subjects ; 406 in Science, 
principally Natural History and Botany; 105 in 
Poetry, 19 in Linguistics, 40 in Prose Fiction, and 259 



12* THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

miscellaneous. The whole number added to the lib- 
raiy by this bequest is 2^420 books and 947 pamphlets, 
besides which there are about 850 duplicates, by the 
sale or exchange of which the library will be still 
further enrichea The books will be kept together 
with such others as may be from time to time acquired 
from the fund left by Bailie Moir for that purpose, and 
in exchange for the duplicates, and will be known as 
the * Moir Collection/ " Although anticipating some- 
what in point of time, this appears a convenient place 
to record that in the report for 1883, after the estate 
had been wound up, the committee state that " under 
the bequest of the late Bailie Moir of the residue of 
his estate for the purchase of books, to be known as 
the ' Moir Collection ' in the Mitchell Library, a sum 
of j6 11,503 4s. 2d. has been received. In present cir- 
cumstances, and while the library is so much restricted 
in space, it has not appeared desirable to proceed im- 
mediately with the carrying out of the objects of 
Bailie Moir's bequest ; but when the library is provided 
with a larger and more adequate home the possession of 
this fund will enable the committee to secure for public 
use many of those great and costly works in Science, 
in Natural History, in Painting and En^aving, in 
Architecture, in Antiquities, in History, in Jrhilosophy, 
and other subjects, which are now beyond their reach. 
This collection will form a memorial of our late friend 
such as any citizen might look forward to with 
pleasure, and will go far to place the library on an 
equality with those of other cities." The Town 
Council, to show their appreciation of Bailie Moir's 
bequest, resolved to reouest Mr. Mossman to prepare a 
bust in marble of the oailie. This has been very sue- 
cessfuUy done. Owing to the want of accommodation 
in the library, the bust is meanwhile kept in the City 
Chambers./ ^ 

Another important acquisition during 1881 was the 
addition by purchase of the extensive and valuable 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 125 

collection of editions of the works of Bums, and books 
illustrative of his life and writings, formed during 
many years by Mr. James Gibson, a native of Stirling 
long resident in Liverpool. 

The following are among the more noteworthy of the 
donations of the year: — From the Secretary of State for 
India, more than 100 volumes relating to the antiquities, 
topography, statistics, industries, and natural products 
of India, including a number of costly illustrated works ; 
Trustees of the British Museum, 130 volumes of the 
works published by their order, including the volumes 
descriptive of remains of ancient art, of Oriental and 
other inscriptions, of various departments of the library 
and of the natural history collections, many of them 
finely illustrated ; Messrs. Blackie & Sons, 33 volumes; 
Commissioner Kerr, privately printed and manu- 
script materials for local biographies ; " Wellwisher," 
very numerous additions, principally in local and 
Scottish literature; Preceptor Wilson, about 200 
volumes and pamphlets, many relating to Glasgow. 

The public to this time had continued to make in- 
creasing use of the Hbrary, and the issue of books was 
again larger than in any previous year. 

The year 1882 saw the first diminution in the attend- 
ance of readers. This inevitable occurrence comes to 
most libraries in the second year ; here it was post- 
poned till the fifth. It is thus referred to in the 
report for the year : — " The number of volumes issued 
to readers was 366,225 ... as compared with the 
previous year a decrease of 9.28 per cent. This 
comparatively slight falling off cannot be considered 
surprising, and the fact that it was not, in the 
circumstances, much larger, affords a gratifying evi- 
dence of the hold on the appreciation of the citizens 
which the library has acquired. During the period of 
depression of trade and deficiency of occupation the 
attendance of readers at the library had increased at 
a very unusual rate. In the year 1879 the number 



126 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

was almost double that of 1878, and during 1880 and 
1881 was still further increased. In 1882 t^e improve- 
ment in trade had reduced very much the number of 
unemployed persons, and to this cause mainly is pro- 
bably due the lessened issue above recorded." 

The library had again received very substantial 
additions to its stock, the additions of the year num- 
bering very nearly 5,000 items; but there had not 
been any single acquisition of equal importance to 
some in former years. By this time it had taken 
position as one of the more important libraries in 
Scotland, its position in point of number of volumes 
being now seventh, those larger being the libraries of 
the four universities, and the Advocates' and Signet 
libraries in Edinburgh. Of Scottish libraries to which 
the general public have a right of free access, the 
Mitchell Library was now the largest. 

During this year, 1882, it was endeavoured to 
ascertain more closely than hitherto what the relation 
was between the number of volumes issued (which 
from the commencement had been carefully tabulated 
and registered) and the number of persons coming in 
to the library. It was found that for every 100 
volumes issued 90 readers entered the library, of 
whom 37 read only the current periodicals, while 53 
consulted books, and no doubt in many cases periodi- 
cals also. Each reader of books handed in, on an 
average, 1*49 readers' tickets ; the number of volumes 
delivered to each being r89. 

The following were among the books contributed 
during 1882 by the kindness of friends of the library : 
— From Mr. J. Wyllie Guild, a further collection of 
early Scottish printing, principally Glasgow, and in- 
cluding 21 volumes from the press of R. Urie, and 
8 from that of W. Duncan — with other books, about 
100 volumes; from Mr. Guild, together with the late 
Mr. Moses Provan, a set of the Glasgow Courier news- 
paper, 1816 to 1859, 44 volumes; Mr. Wm. NeilsoD, 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 127 

Glasgow Chronicle, 1812, 1813, 1816; and numerous 
other works from old and new donors. 

In 1883 the attendance of readers was larger than 
in the previous year, the number of volumes issued 
being 381,607. The additions of the year included a 
gift to the " Poets' Corner,^' in reference to which the 
committee state in their report that they ** refer with 
very great pleasure to the gift by Mr. Alexander 
Gardyne, of London, of a large collection of Scottish 
literature, chiefly poetical. Mr. Gardyne has been for 
many years an assiduous collector of Scottish books in 
all departments of literature, and becoming much 
interested in the collection of Scottish poetry forming 
in the library under the name of the * Poets' Corner,' 
decided to present to it the greater part of his gather- 
ings in that department, except such books as were 
already acquired. In this way the library has become 
possessed of a collection of books which it would have 
taken years of careful search and a liberal expendi- 
ture of money to purchase separately." This generous 
gentleman was a native of Arbroath, and had passed a 
large part of his life in mercantile pursuits in India 
and in the Mauritius. He returned to Britain more 
than thirty years ago, and settled in London. He had 
always been a lover of books, and particularly of Scottish 
books, and now followed his bent freely. For many 
years he was one of the most diligent of frequenters of 
book shops and stalls, and of readers of booksellers' 
catalogues, and by means of knowledge, patience, 
watchfulness, and a liberal expenditure, he gathered 
together a library of more than ten thousand volumes, 
exceptionally rich in rare and curious books. It is 
much to be regretted that there is a probability that 
this very interesting library will be dispersed. The 
portion of it presented to the Mitchell Library con- 
tained about 2,250 '* books and booklets," the smaller 
being bound several in a volume. 

Another noteworthy addition made this year was 



128 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

the remarkable collection of autographs and printed 
papers formed by Mr. James Gould, of Edinburgh, as 
a memorial of the centenary celebrations of the birth 
of Robert Bums in 1859. Mr. Gould, with admirable 
patience and perseverance, procured the signatures of 
all the descendants and relatives of the poet who were 
living at the time, and was also successful in obtaining 
fragments of the handwriting of Burns's father, of 
David Sillar, and others more or less closely connected 
with the bard. He then asked for and got the auto- 
graphs of all the leading promoters of the celebrations 
m all parts of Scotland. These include the chairmen 
of all the meetings held throughout the land, and 
among them are many names famous in literature on 
their own account. The manuscript portions of the col- 
lection include further the signatures of the "authors 
of the three greatest essays on Bums," J. G. Lockhart, 
John Wilson, and Thomas Carlyle. There is also a 
copy in her own handwriting of the prize poem by Isa 
Craig Knox, read at the Sydenham Palace gathering. 
The printed matter consists mainly of the contempor- 
ary accounts of the meetings held in honour of the 
centenary not only in Scotland, England, and Ireland, 
but on the continent of Europe, in India, in Australia, 
in Canada, in the United States, and in fact wherever 
there were Scotsmen to do honour to their greatest 
name. These accounts are arranged in countriea The 
whole is arranged in four massive volumes ; and con- 
stitutes a most interesting and valuable contribution to 
the great Burns collection in the library. It was pur- 
chased by means of a subscription promoted by Mr. J. 
Wyllie Guild and Preceptor Wilson. 

As in former years there were received many dona- 
tions. The following were among the number: — From 
Dr. W. G. Blackie, a manuscript copy of Liectures on 
Moral Philosophy, by Professor Arthur of Glasgow 
University; this is specially curious as being in the 
handwriting of John Wilson, schoolmaster, Tarbolton, 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY, 129 

whose name is permanently fixed in literature as the 
original of "Doctor Hornbook" in Burns's satirical 
poem, "Death and Doctor Hornbook." Messrs. 
Blackie & Son, a further gift of publications of their 
firm, 20 volumes ; Mr. Duncan Brown, large collec- 
tion of programmes of meetings held in the City Hall, 
1865 to 1882; Messrs. Bryce & Son, publications of the 
firm and other books, 30 volumes; ex-Lord Provost 
Clouston, Elwin's edition of the Works of Pope, 7 
volumes; YarrelFs British Fishes, 2 volumes; Chabot 
and Twisleton on the Handwriting of Junius, and 
other works ; Mr. A. Devlin, the rare first Irish Bible, 
by Bishop Bedell, 1685; the late Mr. W. N. Greig, 
about forty volumes, mostly philological, but including 
h, Beckett's Comic Histories of England and of Rome, 
and other books not on language ; the Secretary of 
State for India, and the Trustees of the British 
Museum, further donations similar to the former in 
character, but including different works ; Commissioner 
Kerr, two unique works of the late Dr. John Strang, 
City Chamberlain of Glasgow, and other works ; Dr. 
A. B. M'Grigor, 18 volumes; Mr. Isaac Pitman 
of Bath, 80 volumes; Professor Dr. Geo. Stephens 
of Copenhagen, three early chapbooks of Dugald 
Graham, bellman of Glasgow ; Sir C. E. F. Stirling, 
Bart, the Stirlings of Craigbernard and Glorat. 

During 1884, the record of which brings our chron- 
icle of the library to a close, the attendance of readers 
was again larger than in any previous year, the vol- 
umes issued reaching the very large number of 435,142. 
As the reduced issue in 1882 was reasonably attributed, 
to some extent at least, to the fairly good state of trade 
and of the labour market, so must the large increase of 
1884 be regarded as partially produced by the depres- 
sion and scarcity of employment which existed in some 
trades. 

The additions of the year did not include any speci- 
ally extensive acquisitions, and the increase was some- 

9 



130 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

what less than in most years. It amounted to nearly 
four thousand volumes and pamphlets, and raised the 
number contained in the library to 55,496. 

In the preceding narrative the statistics of the pro- 
gress of the library have been casually glanced at ; but 
it was thought convenient to postpone to this place a 
more particular account. 

At the date of opening, 5th November, 1877, the 
number of volumes was 14,432. At the latest date 
available for this page, it had increased to 57,100. 
The table on next page shows the classification and the 
total at the end of each year. The numbers stated are 
what remained after deduction of duplicates withdrawn 
and exchanged, and books lost by theft or otherwise. 
It is proper to state that the losses by theft and 
destructive mutilation number only 55 out of an issue 
of more than two and a half millions, or one volume for 
each 45,500 books consulted by readers. It is, of 
course, only in accordance with the fitness of things 
that a considerable number of the thieves were detected 
and punished. 

With regard to the use made of the library by the 
public an equally encouraging result is to be stated. 
We state first the total issue of each year, and then 
some statistics of the classification of the aggregate 
issue. During the months of November and Decem- 
ber, 1877, the volumes issued numbered 18,970; in 
1878, 194,314 ; in 1879, 379,748 ; in 1880, 390,732 ; 
in 1881, 403,713 ; in 1882, 366,225 ; in 1883, 381,607 ; 
in 1884, 435,142. 

The whole number of volumes issued from the 
opening to the 3l8t December, 1884, was 2,570,451. 
Of these 240,960, or 9*37 per cent, of the whole, were 
of the class Theology, Philosophy, and Ek^clesiastical 
History ; 542,953, or 2112 per cent., were in History, 
Biography, Voyages, and Travel; 74,888, or 2*91 per 
cent., in Law, Politics, Sociology, and Commerce ; 
519,606, or 2022 per cent, in Arts, Sciences, and 



THE MITCHELL LIBRAR Y. 



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132 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Natural History; 187,134, or 7*28 per cent, Poetry 
and Drama; 69,859, or 2*72 per cent., Linguistics; 
207,647, or 8-08 per cent.. Prose Fiction; 727,404, or 
28*30 per cent.. Miscellaneous Literature. Taking 
what is known as light literature, namely Poetry, 
Fiction, and Miscellaneous, together, they show only 
43 '66 per cent, of the reading, and even this includes 
a large number of books classed as miscellaneous, such 
as encyclopaedias, reviews, etc., wliicli are consulted 
for purposes of study or information. The outcome 
of all these figures is to show that of the reading at 
the library a very large proportion is undertaken 
not merely as pastime or amusement, but with the 
definite object of acquiring knowledge and improving 
the education. 

The readers have been as various as the books they 
called for. The majority, as might have been expected, 
were of the working-classes ; many of them were 
apparently clerks, or warehousemen; a good many 
students take advantage of the privileges offered ; 
and tliere is a smaller number of professional and 
literary men. The attendance of ladies has been 
very small, only 15,325 volumes out of the 2,570,451 
having been consulted by them. This is no doubt 
due to the fact that the connnittee have not yet been 
able to make any better provision for their accommo- 
dation than the screening off of a single table. 

Tlie history of the library during its as yet brief 
existence is, we believe, without precedent, whether 
regard be had to the number and value of the books 
acquired, or to the benefit derived from them by those 
in whose interest it was founded. Of course there are 
not a few libraries in the provinces which are much 
riclier, especially in the costlier books ; but these have 
been estabhshed for many more years. When the 
present position of the Mitchell Library is compared 
with that of other libraries at the same period in their 
history, it will be seen how exceptionally favourable it 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 133 

is. If in some respects, such as the failure to secure 
suitable housing, the record is discouraging, the man- 
agers have abundant ground for satisfaction in seeing 
that the two great essentials of library success — the 
acquirement of good books in large numbers and the 
free and appreciative use of them by the public — have 
been to so great a degree present. 



CHAPTER IX. 

Description of the Contents of the Library — Formation 
of the *' Poets Corner " — Purchase of the Jervise Col- 
lection of Scottish Poetry — Burns Collection — The 
Burns Centenary, unique Memorials — James Mac- 
farlan — Gardyne Donation — Description of the '^Cor- 
ner " — Collection of Glasgow Literature — '^ Noctes 
Sma^ Weftianae " — List of Periodical Publications — 
The Earliest West of Scotland Newspaper — Glas- 
gow C our ant — Glasgoio Mercury. 

In attempting to give a general idea of the contents 
of the library at this date, we will, after premising 
that the main endeavour has been to make it as 
thoroughly representative as possible, draw attention 
to the special collections which have been formed. 

The " Poets' Corner " is the realization, so far, of 
one of the earliest suggestions made with regard to the 
library. It had come to the knowledge of some mem- 
bers of the committee and other friends that there had 
been formed in Birmingham a "Shakespeare Memorial 
Library " of a very comprehensive character, containing 
all obtainable editions of the works of that poet, to- 
gether with all works published in criticism or in illus- 
tration of his writings or his life. The idea naturally 
arose that it would be a most appropriate thing to col- 



134 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

lect in Glasgow, which may be regarded as holding the 
same position in relation to Burns as Birmingham does 
to Shakespeare, namely, that it is the most important 
and accessible place in the part of the countrjr with 
which the poet was associated, a library of the litera- 
ture of the national poet of Scotland, Robert Bums ; 
and this was soon extended so as to include the poetry 
of Scotland generally. The objects aimed at are thus 
defined : — 

"The acquirement of (I) copies of the works 
of Burns and all Scottish poets and verse 
writers, and as far as possible of their diflfer- 
ent editions ; (2) selections or collections of 
Scottish poetry ; (3) historical and critical 
dissertations on the poetry of Scotland ; (4) 
biographies of Scottish poets. 
" The preparation of a catalogue, giving the names, 
birth and death dates, and localities of the 
various authors, the titles of their works, 
with particulars of editions, and such other 
information as may be obtainable." 
To forward the execution of this project it was pro- 
posed to secure one hundred subscribers, each to con- 
tribute one pound a year for five years. This number 
was not reached ; but still much interest was taken in 
the idea, and it was so far successful that there has 
been collected in the library, as public property, what 
is confidently believed to be much the largest repre- 
sentation of this department of the national literature. 
The whole number of volumes, great and small, in the 
*' Poets* Corner," is now very nearly five thousand, of 
which nearly one thousand relate directly to Robert 
Burns. While very many of those books have been 
accjuired singly or in small numbers, the work was verj- 
greatly forwarded by the securing three large collec- 
tions, the gatherings of private gentlemen interested 
in the same subject. The earliest of these was the col- 
lection of the minor poets of Scotland formed by the 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 135 

late Mr. Andrew Jervise, of Brechin, the well-known 
antiquary, author of "Epitaphs and Inscriptions in 
North-East Scotland," ** Lives and Lands of the Lind- 
says," and " Memorials and Antiquities of Angus and 
Mearns." Mr. Jervise's collection, which added a thou- 
sand items to those previously acquired, was purchased 
at the sale of his library in Edinburgh, and was paid 
for from the subscribed fund. 

The second of the large collections secured was the 
Bums library of Mr. James Gibson, referred to already 
as one of the principal events of the year 1881. In 
extent this was believed to be not inferior to any other, 
while in point of the condition of the books it contained 
it left nothing to be desired, Mr. Gibson having always 
been careful to secure clean, sound, and perfect copies. 
Together with the Burns books otherwise secured, both 
before and since, it contains, as was said, nearly 1,000 
titles. The most conspicuous want is the original edi- 
tion of 1786, of which no copy has as yet fallen in. 
It is, however, hoped that some friend of the library 
may by gift or bequest secure for himself the honour 
of supplying this important desideratum. With this 
exception, it is believed that the works of our national 
poet, and the literature which has grown up about him, 
are here represented with a fulness not found else- 
where. The number of different editions of his works 
is about 340, comprising about 520 volumes, and ex- 
tending from the second, 1787, to the most recent 
issues. In Bumsiana, the library possesses the earliest 
known criticism of the first edition, in the ** Edinburgh 
Magazine" of Oct., 1786, issued some six weeks before 
Henry Mackenzie, in the well-known number of his 
*' Lounger," made the name of the ploughman bard 
known to the literary world ; and from that time on 
the growing appreciation of the greatness and per- 
manency of his fame will be found chronicled and 
preserved. 

In addition to the Gould collection on the centenary, 



136 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW, 

already described (p. 128), there has been quite re- 
cently received from Mr. Colin Rae-Brown, of London, 
another memorial of the same occasion. It consists 
of the original manuscript minute of the first meeting 
held on 12th July, 1858, to organize the celebration, 
nnd other papers relative, among which are letters of 
acceptance or apology from many distinguished men 
who were invited to take part. Among these auto- 
j^aphs are those of the sons and other relatives of 
Burns, of Sir Archibald Alison (the historian), Sir 
])avid Brewster, Lord Brougham, Thomas Carlyle, 
Charles Dickens, Earl of Eglinton, Judge Haliburton 
C Sam Slick''), Lord Houghton (R Monckton Milnes), 
Leigh Hunt, Mark Lemon (editor of *' Punch"), Samuel 
Lover, Lord Lytton, Lord Macaulay, Lord Palmerston, 
Lord Panmure, Earl Russell, Earl Stanhope, Lord 
Tennyson, W. M. Thackeray. These papers have 
been carefully mounted and handsomely bound, with 
a special emblematic title-page written by Mr. Thomas 
Gildard. Mr. Colin Rae-Brown, who has given this 
interesting and valuable volume, was one of the first 
movers in the centenary, and was hon. secretary of the 
demonstration in the City Hall, Glasgow. There are 
several other matters of considerable interest, such as the 
*' Doctor Hornbook " manuscript, referred to at p. 128. 
One of the most recent additions of this kind may 
be mentioned here, though it is not closely connected 
with the Burns portion of the " Poets' Corner." It is 
a memorial by that true, if unfortunate, poet, James 
Macfarlan, in his own liandwriting, addressed to Lord 
Palmerston, and asking for the grant of a small allow- 
ance from the Civil List, in consideration of his writings 
and his melancholy circumstances. The memorial 
includes a copy of a very cordial letter from Charles 
Dickens, to whose magazine Macfarlan had contri- 
buted. Before any decision had been arrived at the 
poet's de.ith occurred. The memorial was presented 
by Mrs. H. Buchanan MacPhail. 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 137 

The third large contribution to the " Poets' Corner'* 
was the gift, already mentioned, by Mr. Gardyne, 
of London. This was thus referred to in the circular 
of Preceptor Wilson, treasurer of the special fund : — 
'' By the generous kindness of Mr. Alexander Gardyne, 
the ' Poets' Corner ' has received the most important 
contribution ever made to it — a contribution placing it 
in extent far before all other collections of Scottish 
poetry. No fewer than 1,300 books and booklets were 
received from this gentleman, who thus gave evidence 
that though he has been for the greater part of his 
life absent from his native country, he still in his old 
age retains his love for Scotland and Scottish litera- 
ture." 

The number of authors, named or anonymous, whose 
works are included in the '^ Poets' Corner " is about 
2,000 of all degrees of greatness or smallness, from 
Burns himself to the most obscure and purely local 
of the " minor poets." These are in almost all cases 
represented by the best editions in which their writ- 
ings have been presented, and in many cases first 
editions have also been secured. In so large a number 
it is impossible to treat them individually, and thus 
only a general statement is here attempted. The 
collection of course includes the histories of Scottish 
poetry by Campbell (only ninety copies printed) ; 
Irving's History of Scottish Poetry ; Wilson's Poets 
and Poetry of Scotland, 2 volumes ; Mackenzie's 
Beauties of Gaelic Poetry ; Language, Poetry, and 
Music of the Highland Clans, by Campbell ; Lyric 
Poetry and Music of Scotland, by Stenhouse ; Sib- 
bald s Chronicle of Scottish Poetry; and Edwards's 
Modern Poets, 7 volumes; and the song and ballad books 
edited by Watson, Herd, Motherwell, Buchan, Jamie- 
son, Pinkerton, Rogers, Ritson, Chambers, Laing, 
Maidment, Sharpe, Whitelaw, Murray, Aytoun, Child, 
and others. Works on the music associated with the 
Scots ballads, by Dean Christie (2 volumes 4to.), 



138 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

TlioiUHon, Maokay, linUiam, Stewart, Brown, Mavor, 
Mmitli, and others. The copies of the separate writers 
whi(!h aro in inaiiy riv^p^x^ts worthy of mention are so 
nuinorouH that we cannot attempt their description, 
and nnirtt therefon^ refer to the manuscript catalogue 
at tho library. The nianaj;jors are fully aware that 
larj^n aH the oolKvtion is, it is not by any means 
(Mnnplolo ; and that in particular much remains to be 
ilnui) in pitherinjj the earlier editions of the older poets. 
Hut the foundations have been laid on wide lines, and 
th(t profj^rt^sH nuule f\dly warrants the justification and 
anpiralion t^xpn^sstnl by Prtveptor Wilson, with whose 
name the *• I oets* Tomer'* is inseparably associated, 
in hJH last issued statenuMit on the subject : — " I may 
ho permitttMl to point out that the poetical literature 
of S(M)tland has lonj; Wen recognized to be of quite 
exi^uptional extent and richness ; and that, in par- 
ticular, probably no country is more rich, possibly so 
rich, in local, or rural, or, tis it is sometimes called, 
peasant poetry. The writings of these local poets over 
all the country, in addition to their literary value, 
prcHi^rve in many cases Kn^al dialects, local customs, 
and local uiemories which are fast passing away. It 
is surely worth while that in one public librair in the 
country there sho\ild bt* set apart a storehouse for these 
treasures, wliere they will bo carefully kept and pre- 
served for future generations of readers. The hope is 
cherished that in this sectii>n the Mitchell Library 
will render a real service to students of our national 
literature by placing within their reach means so 
anij)le for the study of wliat is perhaps its most 
distinctive and (characteristic feature." 

The second of the large special collections forming 
in the library is that devoted to the city of Glasgow. 
The purpose of tliis collection is stated in the following 
resolution come to by the committee early in 1877 : — 
That the library ** ought to contain copies of all books, 
pamphlets, periodical publications, maps, plans, pic- 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 139 

torial iUustrations, and generally all papers which in 
any way illustrate the city's growth and life ; that 
with respect to past publications care should be taken 
to secure any which may from time to time be obtain- 
able ; that with respect to the future all the local 
newspapers and periodical publications should be filed 
for preservation, and that Glasgow books and pamph- 
lets should be purchased as issued, when not pre- 
sented ; that the heads of the several departments of 
the Corporation administration be requested to send to 
the library copies of ofl&cial reports and documents 
(not being private and confidential), with as many of 
former years as may be in print." Proceeding on 
these lines, and interpreting them in a free and large 
sense, the committee have been able to form a very 
extensive and interesting representation of the litera- 
ture of the city. The number of items now contained, 
each being a separate volume or publication, is over 
2,400, " varying in size from the huge volumes of the 
newspapers to the eight or twelve page tract on some 
local question of passing interest." The great appro- 
priateness, and indeed importance, of each public 
library collecting and preserving all matters relating 
to its own locality has in some places been long 
recognized, and this work has of late been generally 
regarded as a duty to be discharged wherever public 
libraries exist. The following remarks quoted from a 
notice of the library report for 1882 in the leading 
scientific weekly, " Nature," indicate well the value of 
this part of a library's work : — " One of the best 
functions of a public library in any town is to become 
the centre to which will gravitate all publications of 
any local value or interest. For since every subject 
or author is naturally connected with some locality, if 
this were well carried out all over the kingdom, infor- 
mation would gradually be as well arranged and as 
readily accessible as in a cyclopaedia." 

As in the case of the '* Poets' Corner," the extent of 



140 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

the Glasgow collection precludes any attempt at par- 
ticularizing its contents. All the histories of the city 
are present, though not always in very good copies. 
The first edition of M'Ure, for instance, wants the 
two folding- plates. The successive statistical works 
relating to the growth of population and commerce 
are nearly complete. Many incidents of local history, 
such, for instance, as the struggle for the right-of-way 
on the river banks, are preserved in the pamphlet litera- 
ture they called forth. A unique book is worth a word 
of mention. It is called " Noctes Sma' Weftianae : 
the web whereof being woven by various hands, was 
afterwards cut, pieced, and again put together by that 
cunning workman, John Strang, the original pattern 
drawer and designer of the same. Glasgow : J. C. 
Malcolm, 1849." The following passages from the 
preface, which, together with the title-page, was 
printed specially for this, the only copy of the book 
existing, explain its nature and motive : — '* The fol- 
lowing jeux tVcsprit had their origin in the party 
contentions that existed in Glasgow at a period of 
great political and social excitement. They were 
published in . . . ' The Scots Times.' . . . The 
design of the Noctes originated with Mr. Strang. . . . 
Having written in 1828 . . . papers on the clubs of 
Glasgow ... it occurred to him . . . that the ideal 
colloquies of one of these fraternities . . . might be 
rendered a . . . medium of satire against the system 
of rotten burgh and municipal self-election. . . . The 
idea was accordingly adopted, and the first number of 
the 'Sma' Weftianae' appeared on 3rd October, 1829." 
While Dr. Strang was the principal author, the follow- 
ing also contributed — Mr. J. D. Carrick, Mr. John 
Kerr, Mr. Robert Malcolm, and others. In the 
volume Dr. Strang has subjoined in notes the names 
of the citizens and corporation officers referred to. 
The volume was presented by Commissioner R. M. 
Kerr, of London, son of the Mr. John Kerr named 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 141 

as a contributor, and well known as an editor of Black- 
stone's Commentaries, and a writer on legal subjects. 
The Commissioner, as becomes a good though absent 
son of Saint Mungo, has presented other volumes of 
much interest to the Glasgow collection, among which 
should be specially named the compilations of materials, 
partly in print, partly in manuscript, for the bio- 
graphies of certain of the city worthies in former 
days, including Dr. John Strang, City Chamberlain ; 
Robert Chapman, publisher, successor to the Foulises ; 
Robert Malcolm, printer ; Alexander Malcolm, writer ; 
John Kerr, writer. It is much to be desired that this 
excellent example of Commissioner Kerr should be 
largely imitated, and that gentlemen who may be 
in possession of memoranda or papers bearing on the 
lives of former citizens of worth and note should 
arrange them in order, and place them, or at least 
copies of them, with the Glasgow collection. One 
of the divisions of the Glasgow collection, as stated in 
the original resolution, consists of periodical publica- 
tions — newspapers, magazines, etc. — published in 
Glasgow. To show at once the extraordinary num- 
ber and variety of these publications, and the success 
which has so far attended the effort to secure them,, 
the following list is inserted. Of the serials mentioned 
therein the library possesses in many cases complete 
sets, in others, portions of sets of varying extent, and 
in others again only a single number to show that such 
a magazine once w^as. Many of them were very short- 
lived, some of them perishing with the issue of the 
second number. 

List op Periodical Publications, including Newspapers, 

Published in Glasgow. 

Academic, 1826. Ant, 1826-7, 2 vols. 

Academician, 1883. Argus, 1833-36, 1840-43. 

-^on, 1884— Asylum, 1794-96, 3 vols. 

Amateur, 1856. Athenaeum, 1830. 

American and Continental Athenseum and Clydesdale Week- 
Monthly, 1870. ly MisceUany, 3 vols., 1850. 



142 



THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 



Attic Stories, 1817-18. 

Bailie, 1872— 

Banner of the Truth, and Scottish 
Calvinistic Magazine, 1848. 

Bee, 1873-74, 2 vols. 

Bennet's Glasgow Mag., 1832-33. 

Blythswood Holm Literary Maga- 
zine, 1875. 

British Educator, 1856. 

Bulletin, Daily (1 number), 1860. 

Chameleon, 1832-33, 3 vols. 
Chartist Circular, 1839-42, 2 vols. 
Chiel, 1883— 
Christian Herald, 1818-20, 1826- 

31. 
Christian Journal, 1851-52, 2 vols. 
Christian Leader, 1882— 
Christian Pioneer, 1826-45. 
Christian Teacher, 1837-38. 
Chronicle, 1811-16, 1820. 
Church of Scotland Magazine, 

1834-38, 5 vols. 
Citizen, Evening, 1859, 1862, and 

1877— 
Citizen, Weekly, 1877— 
College Miscellany (Nos. 4-7), 

1863. 
Constitutional, 1836-37, 1838-47. 
Courant, 1747-49. 
Courier, 1800-2, 1816-59. 
Culler, 1795. 

DaUy Exhibitor, 1846-47. 
Daily News, 1855. 
Day, 1832, 2 vols. 
Drama (No. 2), 1847. 
Dramatic Review, 1844-46. 
Draughtplayers' Weekly Maga- 
zine, 1884. 

Emmet, 1824, 2 vols. 

Essayist and Literary Review, 

ri852-3]. 
Evening Post, 1866-67. 
Exile, 1884. 



Freeman, 1851. 
Free Press, 1823-25. 

Gazette (1 number), 1855. 

Gentleman (1 namber), 1834. 

Germania, 1880. 

Gillies' Exhortation to the In- 
habitants of the South Par- 
ish of Glasgow. Sept. 26, 
1760— Jan. 26, 1751. 

Gleaner, 1806. 

Good Songs, 1884. 

Gospel Communicator, or Philan- 
thi*opiBt's Journal, 1827. 

Gospel Temperance Advocate^ 
1882. 

Guide, 1880— 

Hedderwick's Miscellany, 1863- 

63, 2 vols. 
Herald (daily), 1819-20, 1825-31, 

1860— 
Herald (weekly), 1879— 
Herald of Friendship, Love, and 

Truth, 1842. 
Herald to the Trades' Advocate, 

1830-31. 
Hygeian Journal, 1833-35. 

Infant School Magazine, 1834, 

1854. 

" Jean Byde Papers," 1873. 

John Knox, or Religious Re- 
former, 1824. 

Journal of General Literature, 
1835-36. 

Judy, or Glasgow Satirist^ 1857. 

League Journal, 1877 — 

Literary Coronal, 1825-26. 

Literary Museum, 1832. 

Literary Rambler, 1832. 

Literary Reporter, 1823. 

Looking Glass, 1825-26 (Heath). 
Afterwards Northern Look- 
ing Glass. 

Loyal Reformers' Gaxette, 1831- 
35. 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 



143 



Mace, 1879-83. 

Magazine and Clydesdale Monthly 
Kegister, 181M2, v. 2 and 3. 

Man (weekly), 1879— 

Mechanics' and Engineers' Maga- 
zine, 1844-47. 

Mechanics' Magazine, 1824-26, 5 
vols. 

Medical Examiner, 1831-32, 
1869-71. 

Medical Journal, 1828-30, 1854- 
59, 1868— 

Mercantile Age, 1879 — 

Mercantile Critique, 1879. 

Mercantile World, 1879. 

Mercury, 1778-96. 

Mercury's Missives, 1883. 

Military Record. 

Miscellany, 1789-92. 

Monthly Visitor, (1) 

Morning Journal, 1858-60. 

Museum, 1773, 2 vols. 

National Literary Journal, 1884. 
News (morning), 1873 — 
News (evening), 1877 — 
North British Daily Mail, 1877— 
Northern Notes and Queries, 1853 

Opera Glass (3 numbers), 1848. 
Our Magazine, 1863. 

Partick Observer, 1877 — 

Peel Club Papers, 1839-40. 

Penny Post, 1877. 

PhcBnix, 1792-94. 

Poetry, Original and Selected, 

Brash' and Reid, 4 vols. 

[imperfect]. 
Polyhymnia (18 numbers). 
Post-Office Guide, 1884— 
Progressionist, 1863. 
Protestant, 1819-22, 4 vols. 

(M'Gavin). 
Prot^tant Watchman, 1854. 
Punch, 1849. 

Queen's Park Magazine, 1877-78. 



Quiz, 1882— 

Radical Reformer (1 number), 

1857. 
Sabbath School Magazine, 1883 — 
Salt Water Gazette, 1836. 
Sanitary Journal, 1879 — 
Satirist, 184849. 
Saturday Post (1 number), 1862. 
Scotland, 1882. 
Scots Times, 1835-36. 
Scottish Athletic Journal, 1882 — 
Scottish Blue Bells, 1883. 
Scottish Celtic Review, 1881-82. 
Scottish Financier, 1883. 
Scottish Law Review, 1885 — 
Scottish Leather Trader, 1 880 — 
Scottish Monthly Magazine, 1836. 
Scottish Nights, 1883— 
Scottish Novelist (now British 

Homes), 1884 — 
Scottish Observer and Dramatic 

Review, 1856. 
Scottish Protestant, 1851-52. 
Scottish Pulpit, 1833 (1 number). 
Scottish Reader, 1883 — 
Scottish Review, 1853. 
Scottish Standard, 1877. 
Scottish Umpire, 1884 — 
Sentinel, 1822. 
Sentinel, 1877. 
Social Reformer, 1878 — 
Special Constable (3 numbers). 

1849. 
Sphinx, 1883. 
Star, 1870 (No. 2). 
" Steel Drops," 1874-79. 
Student, 1817. 
Summer Talk, 1883. 
Sunday Talk, 1883— 
Sunlight, 1883-84. 

Tatler, 1883-84. 

Temperance Society Record, 1834 

(1 number^. 
Textile Trade Review, 1883-84. 
Thaumatui^s, or Wonders of the 

Magic Lantern, 1816. 



144 



THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 



Theatrical Review, 1846-47 (5 

numbers). 
Thistle, 1869 (1 number). 
Tickler, 1883. 

Times, 1858-59 (2 numbers). 
Times (evening), 1877 — 

University Journal, 1832. 
University Magazine, 1882. 
University Keview, 1884. 

Voice of the People, 1883. 
Voluntary Church Magazine, 
1833-39. 



Wanderer, 1818. 

Weekly Miscellany, 1789-92, 6 

vols. 
West Country Intelligence, 1716. 
West of Scotland Magazine, 1855- 

57. 
Wizard, 1873. 
Workman (1 number), 1858. 

Young Men's Journal, 1833. 
Young Men's Christian Magazine, 

1879— 
Young Misses' Magazine, 1800. 



While most of these possess points of interest, there 
are two or three we select for special mention. " The 
West Country Intelligence," 1716, is understood to be 
the earliest representative in the West of Scotland of 
the modern newspaper. It is a tiny sheet, measuring 
7^ by 5f inches, and is occupied mainly with copies of 
royal messages and speeches, and despatches from 
abroad, but there is a little home news, of which this, 
from the number for 16-21 January, 1716, may be 
taken as a sample: — 

" 'Tis very dangerous Travelling in the Country by Reason of a 
great Fall of Snow : For on Monday last, one William Finlayson 
Younger, Merchant in Paslay, an honest thriving man, of good 
Credit and Keputation, went from this Town for Paslay, he was 
found Yesterday about 4 a-Clock in the Afternoon, with a consider- 
able sum of Money on him, near Erkleston half a Mile off the Road, 
in a Writh of Snow, having some Life in him when found, and breath- 
ing about 5 Hours thereafter, and so dyed, being never able to speak, 
whose Death is very much regretted." 

The copy in the library is only a fragment, consisting 
of some three and a half numbers. It was formerly in 
the library of the late James Maidment. 

The next volume to mention is the "Glasgow 
Courant," for 1747 to 1749, beginning with No. 105 
and continuing to 208, in very good condition, contain- 
ing as may be supposed many very interesting intima- 
tions concerning the Glasgow of those days. 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 145 

One of the most valuable items in the list is the com- 
plete set of "The Glasgow Mercury/' of which the 
first number was published Thursday, January 8, 1778, 
and the last on Tuesday, 27th September, 1796. To 
attempt to indicate the many elements of interest in 
this series would lead too far, but the introductory and 
valedictory addresses of the publisher are worth quot- 
ing, if only as marking the difference between the ideas 
of newspaper management then and now. In the first 
number he gives notice : — 

" To the Public. The curiosity of maDkind has produced a number 
of periodical papers, many of them published daily, and conveying 
accounts of the transactions of the times. Of these the weekly paper 
[the * Mercury ' was to be weekly] appears to be the most useful and 
satisfactory. In the daily paper you have the tale of the day without any 
certainty of its truth, but in the weekly paper you have articles mostly 
of authentic intelligence. The Editor, having leisure to distinguish 
truth from falsehood, imparts that information that seems to merit 
attention.'' 

The announcement of the cessation is in another way 
not less curious. It appeared, as stated above, on 27th 
September, 1796 : — 

''On the 9th August and 13th instant, an advertisement was in- 
serted in this paper, announcing the proprietor's intention to dispose 
of it to any person who might consider it an object worthy attention. 
As he has failed in carrying his design into execution he must now 
inform the public, and particularly the subscribers to the Paper, that 
tfiis Number is the last of a series which has been continued during a 
period of nearly twenty years. The proprietor's chief, or rather only, 
motive for discontinuing the publication of the Mercury arises from 
the extensiveness of his printing business in general. Were this not 
the case, so far from having any thought of resigning the paper, he is 
enabled to declare that he would carry it on though the encourage- 
ment he has always experienced were considerably lessened." 

Large as the library collection of Glasgow periodicals 
is, it is well understood that it is by no means complete, 
and all available means are taken both to complete sets 
of such as are present only in part and to secure those 
of which no portion has yet been obtained. 

Other portions of the Glasgow collection have to do 

10 



146 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

with such questions as the public health, the water 
supply, the disposal of the sewage, and other matters 
of public importance. Glasgow trials form a group. 
The collection of programmes of meetings and enter- 
tainments held in the City Hall, from 1865 to the pre- 
sent time, which was preserved and presented by Mr. 
Duncan Brown, hall-keeper, and has been securely 
bound in ten substantial volumes, is a piece of local 
history to which very few libraries possess a paralleL 
But it is impossible here to name the many items of 
local interest — personal, political, literary, ecclesiastical, 
or artistic — which the collection contains, and we leave 
it with the remark that it promises to become one of 
the largest and most complete of the provincial 
gatherings of local literature. 



CHAPTER X. 

Early Glasgow Printing — First Printing in the 
City — List of Glasgow Piinters — The Brothei\^ 
Foulis — Works on Scotland — 77ic National Cove- 
iiant — Knoxs History of the Refoinnation in Scotland 
— Scottish History, Topography, and Biogi^phy — 
" The Black Acts " — Miscellaneous Scottish Books. 

There remains for notice the third of the collections 
of a special kind which the Mitchell Library possesses. 
This is conveniently known by the name of ** Early 
Glasgow Printing.*' By great good fortune a copy of 
what is believed to be the earliest piece of printing 
executed in the city was secured at a very early period 
of the library's existence. This is a tract of sixteen 
pages, bearing the following title : — '*The Protestation 
of the Generall Assemblie of the Church of Scotland, 
and of the Noblemen, Barons, Gentlemen, Borrowes, 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY, 147 

Ministers and Commons ; Subscribers of the Covenant, 
lately renewed, made in the high Kirk, and at the 
Mercate Crosse of Glasgow, the 28, and 29, of 
November 1638. Printed at Glasgow by George 
Anderson, in the Yeare of Grace, 1638." 

The title-page is adorned by a rude cut, the naked 
figure of a man. It has no apparent relation to the 
subject of the tract, and may have been a portion of a 
larger design. The first introduction of printing into 
Glasgow is a matter of so much local interest, that the 
following record from *' Extracts from the Records of 
the Burgh of Glasgow, 1573-1642," may be permitted, 
although it is doubtless well known to many of our 
readers : — 

4 January^ 1640. Ordaines the thcsaurare to pay to George 
Andersone, printer, ane hundrethe pundis in satisfactioun to him of 
the siiperplus he debursit in transporting of his geir to this brughc, 
by the ten dollouris he gave him of befor to that effect, and als 
in satisfactioun to him of his haill bygane fiallis fra Whitsonday in 
iiono 1638 to Mertimes last. 

The distinction of being the first printing done in 
Glasgow has been claimed for a small book bearing 
date 1634, and with the following title: — **True 
Christian Love to bee Sung with any of the Common 
Tunes of the Psalmes [Col. 3-16, Let the Word of God 
dwell in you]." Printed by I. W. for John Wilson, 
and are to be sould at his shop in Glasgow, 1634. 
The general opinion, however, is that this was printed 
at Edinburgh by John Wriettoun, or Wreittoun, for 
the Glasgow bookseller. 

The collection so appropriately and happily com- 
menced with the earliest Glasgow print has now grown 
into very considerable dimensions. The annual report 
for 1884 states that "the department of ' Early Glas- 
gow Printing ' has received additions bringing up the 
number of volumes contained to about 820." All 
books printed in Glasgow before the commencement of 
the present century are included. It is believed that 



148 



THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 



most of the printers who exercised their calling within 
the city are represented by at least one of their pro- 
ductions. Materials are not as yet available for a 
complete liist of these predecessors of our present typo- 
graphers, but the following names are among them. 
The dates following the names are not intended to 
show either the beginning or the ending of the work of 
each respectively, but merely the date of the first 
book of each now in the library. A few of the names 
are those of publishers, not printers :— 

Anderson (George) 
Anderson (AndreV)' 
Sanders (Robert) : 
Hepburn (Andrew) 
Sanders (Robert) 2 mi 
McLean (Archibald) 
Brown (Hugh) . . 
Govan (Donald) ^ 
Duncan (J. & W.) 
Crawford (Thoiaus) 
Duncan (William) 
Glasgow College (no name 
Carmichael (Ah^x.) 
Stalker (Andrew) . 
Carmichael & Millir 
Millar (Alex.) . . 
Robertson (John) . 
Robertson & McLean 
Urie (R. & Co. ) 
Paton (George) 
Foulis (R & A.) . 
Duncan (David) 
Smith & HutclicHoi 
Hall (John) . . . 
M'Callum (John) . 
Orr (John) . . . 
Bryce & Patersoii . 
Knox (James) . 
Newlands (J.) . . 
Duncan (\Vm., juiir.) 
Marshall (W.) . . 

. The pre-eminent name, whether for the excellence, 
the , accuracy, or the quantity of the work, is that of 



1638 


Henderson (A & J.) . 


. 1757 


1658 


Bryoe (John) . . . . 


. 1760 


1664 


Smith (Robert) . . . 


. 1762 


1689 


Mair (Patrick) . . . . 


. 1764 


1697 


Walker (WUliam) . . 


. 1767 


1706 


Galbraith (Joseph) 


. 1768 


1713 


Hutcheson (Charlesi . 


. 1768 


1715 


Duncan & Co 


. 1770 


1720 


Tait (Andrew) . . . . 


. 1770 


1721 


Duncan (R & T.) . . 


. 1771 


1726 


Reid (Dfliniel) . . . . 


. 1772 


1730 


Smith (William) . . . 


. 1772 


1731 


Adam (Alex.) . . . . 


. 1773 


1732 


Chapman (Robert) . . . 


. 1775 


1736 


Robei-tson (J. & J.) . . 


. 1777 


1738 


Chapman & Duncan . . 


. 1779 


1739 


Bell (WUliam) . . . , 


. 1781 


1739 


Robertson (J. & M.) . . 


. 1783 


1741 


Niven (David) . . . , 


1785 


1741 


Duncan (James) . . . 


. 1788 


1742 


Miller (Ebenezer) . . . 


1790 


1743 


Reid (John) . . . . 


1791 


1745 


Turner (James) . . . 


. 1791 


1748 


Macaulay (Andre^^ • . . 


1792 


1749 


Miller (Wm.) . . . . 


1792 


1750 


Paton (W.) 


1795 


1752 


Gillies (James) . . . . 


1796 


1752 


Duncan (J. k K,) . . . 


. 1796 


1753 


Mundell (James) . . . 


1797 


1753 


Napier & Khuli . . . 


1798 


1755 


Cameron (A) . . . . 


. 1798 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 149 

Robert & Andrew Foulis. The reputation of the 
brothers is more than local, more than Scottish, more 
even than British ; for their books are mentioned with 
respect by bibliographers the world over. Together 
with Baskerville of Birmingham, they most worthily 
upheld for many years the character and excellence of 
the provincial press. To whatever excellence of exe- 
cution their successors in the art may have attained, 
the older work still holds its own in correctness of 
composition, in evenness of inking, in accuracy of 
register, and, in short, in all the qualities which render 
a well-made book a delight to its possessor and an 
object of envy to his friends. The following note as 
to the Foulises may be acceptable : — 

Robert Foulis was born in Glasgow, April 20th, 
1707, and began his career as a barber's apprentice. 
On the suggestion of Professor Francis Hutcheson, 
whose lectures he had attended, he relinquished this 
occupation for that of publishing and bookselling, and 
in 1739 established a business of his own. In part- 
nership with his brother Andrew (born, Glasgow, 
November 23rd, 1712) he put forth from his press 
numerous important works, including many choice and 
accurate editions of the Greek and Latin classics. In 
addition to his eminence as a printer, Robert Foulis 
was famous for his efforts to establish in Glasgow au 
academy of the fine arts. This he instituted in 1753, 
and in 1776 an exhibition of the pictures and sculpture 
in connection with the academy was given in London. 
Many of the pictures had been purchased by Robert 
Foulis on the Continent, and were of considerable value. 
The most famous pupil taught in the academy, which 
proved on the whole unsuccessful, was David Allan, 
commonly called the Scottish Hogarth. Tassie, the 
medallist, also received the rudiments of his artistic 
education in the same school. Robert Foulis died on 
the 2nd of June, 1776, and Andrew in 1775. Andrew 
had been educated for the Church at Glasgow Uni- 



150 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

versity, but is not known, apart from the famous co- 
partnery, for any special achievement. The business 
was continued under the name of R. & A. Foulis 
for a number of years after the decease of the original 
partners by Robert s son, Andrew. 

The number of volumes in the librar}' bearing the 
Foulis imprint is about 350, of which the following 
may be named : — 

Phsedri Fabulse, ex editione Burmanni. 12 mo. 1741. 

Juvenal et Peraius, Satyrfe. 8vo. 1742. 

Demetrius Phalereus de Elocutione. dvo. 1743 (said to be the first 

book printed in Greek in Glasgow). 
Pindar, Opera. 1744. 
Sophocles, Tragoediae. 2 volumes. 1745. 
^Eschylus, Tragoedise. 2 volumes. 1746. 
Relph (Josiah), A Miscellany of Poems. Printed by Robert Foulis 

for Mr. Tbonilinson in Wigton. 1747. 
Hamilton (William) of Bangour^ Poems on Several Oocasions. 1748. 
Cicero, Opera. 1749. 20 volumes, 18mo. 
Euripides, Orestes. 1753. 8vo. 
Simson (Robert), Elements of Euclid. 1756. 4to. 
Homer, Iliad. 1756. 2 volumes, sm. fo. 
Homer, Odyssey. 1758. 2 volumes, sm. fo. 
Pindar [Oj)era]. 1757. 4 very small, but neat volumes. 
Oatalogus Lil)rorura, A.[rchibald] C.[ampbell] D.[uke of] A.[rgyle]. 

1758. Sm. 4to. 
Thucydides [Opera]. 1759. 8 volumes, 12mo. 
Herodotus, Opera. 1761. 9 volumes. 12mo. 
Xenophon, Opera. 1762-67. 12 volumes, 12mo. 
Bell (John) of Antemioni/, Travels from St. Petersburg in Russia to 

divers parts of Asia. 1763. 2 volumes, 4to. 
Catalogue of Pictures, composed and painted chiefly by the most 

admired Masters ... by Robert Foulis. London : 1776. 3 

volumes, 18mo. [printed in Glasgow]. 
Virgil, Opera, ex editione P. Burmanni. 1778. 2 volumes, sm. fa 
The well-known folio editions <»f British Poets, including Pope, 

Thomson, Parnell, Gray, etc. (Milton's Paradise Lost is alone 

wanted to complete this set). 

While tlie palm must be given to the Foulis house, 
the work of some others is but little inferior. Urie 
especially approaches closely the greater printers ; in- 
deed, so close is the resemblance between some of their 
books and his that it is difficult to avoid the idea 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 151 

that some of the books bearing their name were from 
his office. 

In addition to the tract of 1638 already spoken of, 
there are three other books produced by George Ander- 
son. These are — '* Hebraeae Linguae Institutiones," 
1644, and '* Chilias Hebraica : seu, Vocabularium," 
1644, both by John Row ; and " Expositio Analy- 
tica Omnium Apostolicarum Epistolarum, David 
Dicsou," 1645. It is not a little remarkable that 
within so short a period of setting-up his press here, 
Anderson was already printing in Hebrew characters. 

The literature preserved in all these old Glasgow 
books would form a fruitful subject of consideration, as 
throwing light on the topics which occupied the minds 
of the people. It is very largely religious and eccle- 
siastical, occupied much with controversies which have 
long lost their interest for all except the few students 
of doctrinal antiquities. Old Light and New Light, 
Burgher and Anti-Burgher, Original Secession, 
Associate, Relief, and other synods and churches 
here have their records. Other departments of litera- 
ture are, however, by no means unrepresented. The 
poets are printed and reprinted ; history and phil- 
osophy have some books. The requirements of the 
University caused a great printing of the Greek and 
Latin classics, and in this class are some of the most 
sumptuous of the productions of the local press. 

As in the case of the " Poets' Corner " and the 
Glasgow collection, constant attention is given to the 
securing books not yet obtained. In collections such 
as these it is of the utmost importance to attain the 
nearest practicable approach to completeness. 

Leaving now the departmenis relating more par- 
ticularly to the city, we glance briefly at the other 
Scottish sections of the library, and find that although 
there has not been the same effort at making exhaust- 
ive collections, there has been much time and care 
given to securing good representations of the various 



162 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

branches of the literature of the country. A press 
was at first set apart for the general civil history of 
Scotland, another for local histories or topography, a 
third for Scottish biography, a fourth was to contain 
works on Scottish religious history, on Scottish law, 
on the natural history of Scotland, on the Scottish 
language, and such other Scottish books as did not fall 
in any of the foregoing classes. These original allot- 
ments of space have all been long since filled up, and 
the overflow books have had to be placed in the upper 
room, often in inconvenient enough positions. Owing 
to this, and until the library is provided with much 
larger rooms, it is not possible to show together the 
whole possessions in any class. 

The religious and ecclesiastical history of Scotland 
is told in the writings of Knox (Laing's edition), 
Buchanan, Crookshank, Cunningham, Defoe, Grub, 
Hetherington, Lawson, Lee, Lyndsay, M'Crie, M*Ker- 
row. Skinner, Stanley, Spotswood, Struthers, Wodrow, 
Walcott, and others. 

A most interesting national relic which may be 
named in this place is an original manuscript copy on 
parchment of the National Covenant, the ** bond of 
union or agreement drawn up at Edinburgh in 1638 
by the leading Presbyterian ministers, and subscribed 
by vast numbers of persons of all ranks of life. It 
embodied the Confession of Faith of 1580 and 1581. 
. . . The subscribing of the National Covenant began 
28th February, 1638, in Edinburgh. . . . Copies were 
circulated through the country for signature." The 
copy in the library is signed by Kothes, Montrose, 
CassilHs, Elcho, and many other peers and persons of 
other ranks. Many of the names attached are very 
much faded, and we are not able to state in what 
district of the country it was subscribed. Its deci- 
pherment and elucidation would appear to be a very 
desirable object for our local antiquarian society to 
undertake. It is enclosed in a morocco case, lettered 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 153 

^* The Confession of Faith and Solemn League and 
Covenant, 1638," but this title belongs rather to the 
later document drawn up and signed in 1643. In 
the same case is another copy on a larger parchment 
and much more legible, with elaborate decorative 
heading and border. It bears to have been prepared 
for signature after the General Assembly held at 
Glasgow in 1638 ; but at present it is not clear 
whether it is an original or a copy. No signatures 
are appended. 

Perhaps the two books in this department of greatest 
individual interest are '* The Booke of Common Prayer, 
and Administration of the Sacraments and other parts 
of Divine Service, for the use of the Church of Scotland " 
(Edinburgh : Robert Young, 1637) ; traditionally asso- 
ciated with Jenny Geddes's stool ; and "John Knox's 
Historic of the Reformation of Religoun within the 
Realm of Scotland," the original edition, begun by 
VautroUier in London, 1584, but stopped by order of 
Archbishop Whitgift and never completed. The copy 
in the library wants several leaves, which are supplied 
in manuscript. It is interesting as having belonged to 
Dr. Charles Stuart of Dunearn, father of James Stuart, 
the younger of Dunearn, who in 1822 killed Sir Alex. 
Boswell in a duel. There is in it an autograph letter 
-of Dr. Thomas M'Crie, the biographer of Knox and 
well-known writer on Scottish ecclesiastical history and 
biography, addressed to Dr. Charles Stuart, and ex- 
plaining the circumstances of the printing of the 
volume. The book is a very rare one. 

Mention should be made also of several large collec- 
tions of contemporary pamphlets relating to the 
different controversies which have from time to time 
arisen. These commence as early as the times of the 
Stuarts and the Revolution, and continue with greater 
or less completeness to matters so recent as the pro- 
ceedings in the case of Professor W. Robertson Smith. 
Naturally the agitation which resulted in the Disrup- 



154 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

tion of 1843 is largely represented, there being one 
large set entitled " Non-Intrusion Pamphlets." 

Among the writers on the civil history of Scotland 
whose works will be found on the shelves are — 
Abercromby, Anderson (Diplomata Scotiae, 1739), 
Balfour, Boece (Scotorum Historiae a Prima Gentis 
Origine, Paris, fo., 1526), Buchanan (Rerum Scotica- 
rum Historia, fo., 1582), Camden, Dalzell, Fordun 
(Scotichronicon, edit. W. Goodall, 2 volumes, fo., 
1759), Hailes, Historians of Scotland, edited by Skene 
and Uavid Laing, 10 volumes; Hollinshead (Scottish 
Chronicle, 2 volumes, 4to), Cosmo Innes, T. Innes 
(Ancient Inhabitants of Scotland, 2 volumes, 1729), 
Jonston (Inscriptiones Hiatoricae Begum Scotorum, 
1602), Leslie (De Origine Moribus et Rebus Gestis 
Scotorum, 1675), Lindesay (History of Scotland, fo., 
1728), Maitland (History of Scotland, 2 volumes, fo., 
1757), Stuart (Caledonia Romana), Tytler, Wyntoun, 
Burton's, and other modern histories such as Taylor, 
Wright, Macintosh, etc. ; numerous histories of the 
Rebellions ; the National Manuscripts of Scotland, 3 
volumes, fo. ; the various publications issued by 
authority from the General Register House, Edin- 
burgh, viz., Calendar of Documents relating to Scot- 
land, Accounts of the Lord High Treasurer, The 
Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Register of the Privj' 
Council, and the Register of the Great Seal of Scot- 
land, coui])lete as far as published; also the Rolls Office 
publicatioiis referring to Scotland, the series of the 
Burgh Records Society, and the Records of the Con- 
vention of Royal Burghs. 

Scottish topography or local history has been assidu- 
ously gathered and garnered. Many of the books are 
scarce, and are beconiinu^ more so, in consequence of 
the greatly increased interest taken in this class of late 
years. In addition to the ordinary books the library 
has two or three specialties in this department, of 
which the most important is perhaps the collcctioQ, 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 155 

made by Mr. James Maidment, of papers relating to 
the county of Lanark. Mr. Maidment preserved^ 
arranged, and bound cuttings from newspapers and 
magazines, public notices, handbills, plans, pictures, 
and various other papers, relating to all parts of Scot- 
land. They were arranged in counties, and together 
tilled about 100 large volumes. The library endea- 
voured to purchase the whole series, and offered what 
was thought a liberal sum. It was, however, sold for 
very much more, and broken up. It was some con- 
solation for the loss of the larger set to be enabled 
afterwards to secure the above portion, Lanarkshire, 
which is in six volumes. 

The fine works of the late James Drummond, R.S.A.; 
the very rare volume of Views on the Coasts of Suther- 
landshire, by the Countess of Sutherland ; Chalmers's 
Caledonia, 3 volumes; Nattes Scotia Depicta; the 
Statistical Account, both editions; Slezers Theatrum 
Scotise (reprint) ; and numerous finely illustrated works 
on the topography and antiquities of the country are 
present. 

In the department of Scottish biography, very much 
the same must be said as of the topography. It has 
been sought to bring together the most esteemed lives 
of eminent Scotsmen and Scotswomen. The books are 
so numerous that it is out of the question to attempt 
to name them. There is in this department another 
of the gatherings of that indefatigable collector and 
arranger, James Maidment. It consists of his cuttings 
regarding Scotsmen who, while not in the front rank 
of distinction, are yet noteworthy for some feature of 
their life or character, and who have been deemed 
worthy of obituary notice in the journals of the district 
where they were known. This is especially valuable 
as giving information concerning persons whose names 
are not inserted in the standard works on national 
biography. It is in eight folio volumes, but is so 
much swollen by insertions since binding that it will 



166 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

be necessary to divide it into at least double that 
number. 

The library has been fortunate in securing as many 
as eleven of the thirteen valuable and costly works 
on Scottish family history, etc., edited by Dr. William 
Fraser. It has — 

The Stirlings of Keir. 4to. 1858. 

Memorials of the Montgomeries, Earls of Eglinton. 

2 volumes, 4to. 1859. 
Memoirs of the Maxwells of Pollok. 2 volumes, 

4to. 1863. 
History of the Carnegies, Earls of Southesk. 2 

volumes, 4 to. 1867. 
Red Book of GrandtuUy. 2 volumes, 4to. 1868. 
Chiefs of Colquhoun, and their Country. 2 volumes, 

4to. 1869. 
The Lennox. 2 volumes, 4to. 1874. 
Earls of Cromartie. 2 volumes, 4to. 1876. 
Red Book of Menteith. 2 volumes, 4to. 1880. 
Chiefs of Grant. 3 volumes, 4to. 1883. 
Registrum Monasterii S. Marie de Cambuskenneth. 

1147-1535. 4to. 1872. 

The two still wanting are — ''The Scotts of Buccleuch," 
and '* The Book of Caerlaverock." Besides Dr. Eraser's 
works, the library has many of the other books in the 
same department, among which may be named Ander- 
son's Memoirs of tlie House of Hamilton, with supple- 
ments, 1825; Historical Records of the Family of 
Leslie, 3 volumes; Baronage of Angus and Meams, 
by Peter, which was withdrawn from circulation ; 
Hume's Douglas and Angus ; Memorie of the Somer- 
villes, 2 volumes ; Douglas's Peerage and Baronage, 3 
volumes; Crawfurd's Peerage, 1716; Peerage Claims 
and Cases ; Clan Family Histories, etc. We may 
name too a superb copy of the original edition of 
Kay's Edinburgh Portraits, together with an octavo 
^-^^Py* *o protect the quarto; Crombie's Modem 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 157 

Athenians is mentioned as a kind of complement to 
Kay; Pinkerton's Vitse Antiquse Scotorum Scotise, 
1789, a considerable number of works on the life and 
history of Mary Queen of Scots, of which probably 
"Tracts Relating to the Funerals," is one of the 
rarest; Anderson's Scotch Biography and Scottish 
Nation, 4 volumes ; Bruce s Eminent Men of Aber- 
deen ; Chambers's Biographical Dictionary, 3 editions ; 
Irving's Lives of Scottish Writers, 2 volumes; Irving s 
Eminent Scotsmen; Keiths Scottish Bishops; Lives 
of Scottish Poets, 3 volumes, 1821-22; Scots Worthies, 
by Howie, various editions ; Scottish Biographical Dic- 
tionary, 1822; Stark's Biographia Scotica, 1805; 
Mackenzie's Writers of the Scots Nation, 3 volumes 
folio, 1708 ; Brunton and Haig's Senators of the Col- 
lege of Justice, 1832 ; ConoUy's Eminent Men of Fife ; 
and Scott's Fasti Ecclesise Scoticanse, 3 volumes. 

In the department of Scottish Law, all that has been 
attempted is to provide a few books for the general 
reader. It was thought undesirable, even if possible 
with the means available, to attempt anything like the 
formation of a professional library on this subject. 
Among the books secured may be mentioned a set of 
Thomson's edition of the Acts of the Parliaments of 
Scotland, with index, 12 volumes, folio. Perhaps it 
would have been more in keeping to name first one 
of the most recent, as it is one of the rarest, additions 
to the library. This is a copy of " The Black Acts," 
so called, presumably, from its being printed in black 
letter. The copy is not perfect, as some leaves are 
badly burned round the edges, and the title-page is 
away. These faults may, perhaps, be supplied in fac- 
simile. The body of the book is in good order, and 
happily the conclusion and colophon have lost no more 
than some half-dozen letters. They are worth quoting : — 

*' Heir endis the actis and Constitutiounis of the Realme of Scot- 
land maid in Pariiamentis haldin be the rycht excellent, hie, and 
mychtie Princis Kingis James the First, Secund, Thrid, Feird, Fyft, 



158 THE LIBRARIES OF 0LA800W. 

and in the tyme of Marie now Quene of ^Scottis, viseit, and oorreciit 
by the Lordis depute be speciall commissioun thairto, and extractit 
furth of the Registers be the Clerkis of our soaerane Ladjris 
Register respectiue. Cvm privilegio ad decennium. Imprentit at 
Edinburgpi] be Robert Lekpreiiik the. xxviij. day of Noiiember, 
the y[eir] of God ane thousand fine hundreth thre scoir sax [yejria." 

There are also some other editions of Acts of Parlia- 
ment of early date, in addition to the now current 
series of Public General Statutes relating to Scotland. 

Among the writers on Scottish Law are — H. Bar- 
clay, G. J. Bell, J. H. Burton, Erskine, Lord Fount- 
ainhall. Lord Karnes, J. Lorimer, Sir G. Mackenzie, 
J. D. Mar wick, J. Riddell, Lord Stair, J. D. Wilson, 
and othera. 

In the department of Scottish Antiquities and Scottish 
Art, we name the Archaeologia Scotia ; a complete set 
of the Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of 
Scotland; Drummond's Ancient Scottish Weapons; 
Mr. Cochran-Patrick's works on the coinage and 
medals of Scotland, and on early Scottish mining ; 
Cardonnel's Numismata Scotiae ; Anderson's Diplo- 
mata et Numismata Scotiae, 1739 ; Wingate's Coinage 
of Scotland ; Billing s Baronial Antiquities ; Scott s, 
Cordiner s, and Grose's Antiquities. The heraldic 
works include, besides Nisbet, Stodart's Scottish 
Arms, 2 volumes, folio, and Sir David Lyndsay's 
Heraldic Manuscript, 1878. The books on costume 
and tartans include Mclan's Clans, 2 volumes, folio; 
Sobieski Stuart on the Clans, folio ; the " authenti- 
cated " Tartans, issued at Mauchline. 

The Scottish Language is treated of by Beattie, 
Brown, Jamieson, Mackay, Michel, Mitchell, and 
others. 

There are further many Scottish books of a general or 
miscellaneous character, such as a set, nearly complete, 
of Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanac, files of Scottish 
ni^wspapers — " Scotsman," '* Edinburgh Courant," 
**The Witness," with which Hugh Miller was connected. 
Sets of the Scottish Publishing Societies, AbbotsfonI, 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY, 159 

Maitland, Spalding, Bannatyne (of which the library 
<;opy is unusually complete), Grampian, etc. 

With this we leave the Scottish section of the 
library. It has now become probably one of the 
largest and most important collections of the national 
literature ; and its further development will doubtless 
be one of the principal objects of the committee. 



CIIAFPER XL 

llie General Contents of the Library — Theology and 
Philosophy — History ^ Biography y Voyages and 
Travels — Law^ Politics^ etc. — Arts, Sciences, and 
Natural History — Poetry and the Drama — Phil- 
ology — Fiction — Miscellaneous Works — List of 
Periodicals and Serials taken — Financial Position 
of the Library — Conclusion. 

The description, inadequate as it is, of the local and 
national sections of the library has taken up so much 
space, that it becomes necessary to limit our account of 
the general library to a rapid survey of its chief features, 
without attempting to particularize. 

Following the classification, we first come to The- 
ology, Ecclesiastical History, and Philosophy, 8,370 
volumes. Here we find copies of representative 
editions of the Bible, including the Wycliffite ver- 
sions; the reprint of Coverdale's Bible, 1535; of the 
first edition of the authorized version, 1611 ; and 
others. The English Hexapla shows the six principal 
English versions of the New Testament. There are 
two polyglots, and translations of the Bible into many 
languages, one of the rarest books in this department 
being the first Irish Bible of 1685, Bishop Bedell's. 
The works in illustration of the Bible — commentaries, 



160 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

annotations, histories, dictionaries, etc. — are very 
numerous, and represent all schools of opinion. Thej 
include many works worthy of separate mention. In 
doctrinal theology it has been endeavoured to secure 
the writings of the leaders in each of the principal 
forms of belief. Ecclesiastical history, both general^ 
and as recorded in different countries, occupies a large 
space on the shelves. There is also a large number of 
works relatini; to classical and other mvtholucries, and 
religions other than Christian. In Mental and Moral 
Philosophy most of the greater names, ancient and 
modem, will be found in the catalogue. 

The large class, History (including Topography), 
Biography, Voyages and Travels, contains 11,012 
volumes, very many of them being interesting from 
their rarity or from some circumstances of their pro- 
duction. The arrangement of the class is by country, 
universal or general history being a separate division. 
The space available here does not permit the mention 
of many works, and we must be content with the state- 
ment, which is of general application, that as far as 
possible the standard works have been acquired in 
good editions. As examples of the larger books we 
name a very fine copy of O'Donovan s Annals of the 
Kingdom of Ireland, by the Four Masters (Dublin : 
7 volumes, 1851); Les Peuples de la Russie, par 
Pauly, folio, with many splendid coloured plates ; 
the great work compiled by order of Napoleon — Des- 
cription de TEgypte, publiee par Panckoucke (24 
volumes, text, and 12 large volumes of plates, 1821-29); 
Espafia Artistica y Monumental, Villa- Amil (3 
volumes, folio) ; The Survey of Westeni Palestine 
^issued by the Exploration Fund, 7 volumes) ; The 
Itinerary of Fynes Morison, 1617 ; and some of the 
illustrated works relating to the archaeology of India. 

In Biography, there are the general works of 
Chalmers, Rose, and others ; classed biographies of 
different nationalities, and of different professions ; 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 161 

of lives of the saints the library has a somewhat ex- 
tensive collection, including the great work " Acta 
Sanctorum/' BoUandus (Paris; 1845-1883), 62 volumes, 
folio. The individual biographies are veiy numerous, 
and include lives of persons of all ages, of all nations, 
and of all professions or positions. 

The next in order of classification is Law, Politics, 
Sociology, and Commerce, containing 6,700 volumes. 
It includes sets of the Public General Statutes, of 
Hansard's Parliamentary History and Parliamentary 
Debates (in 394 volumes), of Cobbett's Political 
Register, and a large number of Parliamentary 
papers on important subjects. The committee have 
recently resolved to procure a complete set of the 
latter, which will doubtless be of great service to 
persons interested in public questions. The principal 
writers on political economy are present. There are 
good collections on the subjects grouped as Sociology, 
such as education, the relations of capital and laboui', 
the treatment of the poor, the marriage laws, and 
questions akin to these ; and many works bearing 
on statistics, including a good set of the Journal of 
the Statistical Society. The class further contains a 
large number of pamphlets on political and social 
questions, which are frequently of great importance as 
containing the earliest indications of movements which 
ultimately take effect in legislation. 

The large class which follows — Arts, Sciences, and 
Natural History, 9,721 volumes — is one which has 
received great attention, and in which many fine works 
have been secured. Painting, design, and decoration 
are represented by such works as Racinet's Poly- 
chromatic Ornament, Carr's Drawings of the Italian 
Mastei-s, Ottley's Italian School of Design and Floren- 
tine School, Owen Jones's Grammar of Ornament 
(folio and quarto), Audsley's Ornamental Arts of 
Japan, Les Chefs d'CEuvre de la Peinture Italienne, 

par Mantz, and many others ; Sculpture by the fine 

11 



162 THE LIBRARIES OF OLASOOW, 

engravings of the Ancient Marbles in the British 
Museum, and by the works of Cicognara, Canova, 
Flaxman, the Museum Worsleyanum, etc. Archi- 
tecture is a strong section of this class, and includes 
the Architectural Publication Society's great diction- 
ary, and works by Adam, Carter, Sir W. Chambers, 
Coney, Fergusson, Goodwin, Hakewell, Hunt, King, 
Knight, Nash, Nicholson, Parker, Pugin, Street, 
Viollet-le-Duc, Wild, and Winkles. 

The application of art to industry is illustrated by 
the fine works of Wyatt and of Waring, which contain 
descriptions and coloured illustrations of the chief works 
in the exhibitions of 1851, 1857 (Manchester), and 
1862 ; Histoire des Arts Industriels, par Labarte, (3 
volumes). The arts of the Middle Ages are the sub- 
ject of the beautiful works of Louandre, Henry Shaw, 
and others. Paul Lacroix brings down similar subjects 
to a later date. The history of art is related in the 
works of Callcott, Crowe and Cavalcaselle, Eastlake, 
Jameson, Kugler, Lanzi, Lindsay, Lubke, Stirling- 
Maxwell, Waagen, Winckelmann, Woltmann. and 
Woerman, and many others of minor interest. A 
very nearly complete set of the works of Professor 
Ruskin may be mentioned here. There are the fol- 
lowing series of portraits, among others: — Lodge, 12 
volumes ; Knight's Gallery, 8 volumes ; Heads of 
Illustrious Persons, Houbraken and Vertue, with 
Lives by Birch ; and a number of more recent works, 
such as CasselFs National Portrait Gallery, etc. 

The chief representative of Palaeography is the great 
work of Silvestre. Music is as vet somewhat inade- 
quately shown, the following being the principal 
writers found here: — Chappell, Cherubini, Crotch, 
Grove, Hawkins, Helmholtz, Hullah, Kircher, Mao- 
farren, Ouseley, Pauer, Ritter, and Stainer. 

The books on Natural History are arranged in four 
main divisions, those dealing with Nature generally, 
and those devoted respectively to zoology (including 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 163 

comparative anatomy and physiology), to botany, and 
to geology. 

In Zoology, the strongest section is Ornithology, in 
which the important works of Gray (Genera of Birds), 
Sclater and Salvin, Temminck, X)es Murs, Marquis of 
Tweeddale, and others have been obtained. Curtis, 
Drury, Harris, Kirby and Spence, Lubbock, Martyn, 
Newman, and Wood are the principal writers on En- 
tomology. In other branches of zoology are the works 
of Cuvier, Couch, Owen, Jardine, Harris, Yarrell, 
Low, and others, and the extensive series of reports 
of the *' Challenger " scientific expedition. In con- 
nection with zoology, reference should be made to 
works on angling, and on sport generally, of which 
the library has a large number. 

In Botany will be found the writings, for the most 
part illustrated, of Balfour, CandoUe, Cook, Don, 
Greville, Harvey, Hooker, Le Maout and Decaisne, 
Lindley, Loudon, Maund, Paxton, Pratt, Ray, Sachs, 
Seeman, and Watson. Two of the works may be 
named, Moore's '^ nature-printed " *' Ferns of Great 
Britain and Ireland," folio ; and Cook's '* Beautiful 
Seaweeds," illustrated by natural specimens, a work 
of which the credit belongs to Paisley, and of which 
only 50 copies were prepared. 

Geology is the subject of works by Chambers, Dana, 
Geikie, Lyell, Mantell, Miller, Murchison, Nichol, 
Page, and Smith. We find space to mention Sir 
Richard Owen's recently completed work. History of 
British Fossil Reptiles, 4 volumes, quarto, 170 copies 
printed. In Metallurgy we have Percy, Crookes and 
Rohrig, and others. 

In the great and important subject of Science we 
regret that all we can attempt is a statement of the 
principal divisions of it in the library arrangement. 
First come works of a general or encyclopaedic charac- 
ter, embracing the whole field of science, followed by 
a division on physics — light, heat, sound, electricity. 



164 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

and magnetism, etc. Chemistry is represented by a- 
large number of book's, of which the major part is 
concerned with the recent and present state of the 
science, while the remainder serve as materials for 
the history of its progress. Adjoining chemistry is 
a section in which are medical and surgical works. 
There has been no attempt to form anything like a 
professional library on these subjects, the books ac- 
quired being generally such as are suitable for the 
general reader. Connected with these are dietetics 
and cookery. Public health, sanitary science, treat- 
ment of sewage, and the like follow in order. 

Much attention has been paid to the subject of 
manufactures and the useful arts ; and the works in 
these are among the most appreciated in the library. 
There are important practical works on engineering 
and shipbuilding, among them sets of the more im- 
portant serials devoted to these professions. If space 
permitted it would be shown that there are few tradea 
on which the library does not possess useful technical 
and practical books. Mathematics and astronony 
occupy the last of the scientific divisions. 

In the next class, that of Poetry and the Drama^ 
which, exclusive of nearly 5,000 volumes in the " Poets' 
Corner," has more than 3,000 volumes, we find standard 
editions of the principal poets, British and other. The 
class contains some rare and many important works, 
and it is with regret that we are compelled to omit 
particular mention of them, and pass on to 

Linguistics or Philology, which forms the next class 
(879 volumes), and which again has been the subject of 
much attention. The science of language generally is 
present in the writings of Abel, Bopp, Farrar, Harris* 
Kavanagh, Latham, Monboddo, Muller, Murray, Saycc, 
Schlegel, Tooke, Wedgwood, and Whitney. 

Of works on the languages severally, we note, amoDj? 
others — In English, the dictionaries of Johnson (several 
editions, including: the first, 1755), Ash, Bailey (1745), 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY, 165 

Hunter, Latham, Ogilvie, Philips (1706), Richardson, 
Webster, Worcester, and Wright ; and the grammati- 
cdl works of Bain, Cobbett, Crorabie, Lowth, Maetzner, 
Morris, Murray, and Whitney. 

In Hebrew, Davidson, Gesenius, Gousset (1702), 
Kalisch, Marini (1593), and Tregelles; with many less 
important works. 

In Greek, the great Thesaurus of Stephanus, and 
works of Budeus (1529), Cremer, Crispini (1566), 
Curtius, Damm, Hoogeveen, Jelf, Liddell and Scott, 
Passow, Reiske, and Winer. 

In Latin, Adam, Andrews, Du Cange, Facciolatus, 
Holyoke (1677), Lewis and Short, Ruddiman, Smith, 
Stephanus (1734-5), and Zumpt are the representative 
names ; but, in addition, the library possesses many 
modern text-books and dictionaries. 

In French, the dictionaries of Littre (5 volumes), 
Cotgrave (1650), TAcademie Frangaise, Fleming and 
Tibbins, Menage (1750), Miege (1688), ^'Trevoux'' 
(8 volumes, 1771) ; and numerous grammatical books, 
chiefly modern. 

In German, dictionaries by Flugel, Grieb, Grimm, 
and Hilpert ; grammatical works by Otto, Strauss, and 
Wendeborn ; with numerous class and reading books. 

In other languages. Lye's Dictionarium Saxonico 
^t Gothico-Latinum (1772) ; Freytag's Lexicon Arabico- 
Latinum, 4 volumes; Golius Arabic Lexicon (1653); 
Morrison s Chinese Dictionary, 3 volumes ; Goldie's 
Efik Dictionary ; Ludolf s Lexicon Aethiopico-Latinum 
(1661); Gaelic Dictionaries by Armstrong, M'Alpine, 
and Macleod and Dewar ; Forbes' Hindustani Diction- 
ary ; Rask's Icelandic Dictionary (1814); O'Brien's 
Irish Dictionary ; Italian Dictionaries of Florio (1611), 
Millhouse, Petronj, Politi (Tuscan), 1640 ; Banks' Rus- 
sian Dictionary, 2 volumes; Spanish Dictionaries ; Serie- 
nius' Swedish-English Dictionary, 2 volumes (1741-57) ; 
Welsh Dictionaries of Jones, Richards, and Walters ; 
Schilter's Teutonic Thesaurus, 3 volumes (1727-8) ; and 



166 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

many other linguistic publications, including vocabu- 
laries of the languages of savage nations, provincial 
dialects, and works on special departments of phil- 
ology. 

The position of the library with regard to prose 
fiction, which forms the next class, is a little ex- 
ceptional, and is thus stated in the annual report for 
1874-79 : — " When the selection of the books to form 
the library was in progress, the question of fiction came 
up, and the following recommendation on the subject 
was made : — That, considering that at Stirling's 
Library, within a short distance, there is a supply of 
works of fiction, accessible to the public in the same 
way as the Mitchell Library is ; and further, that tliere 
are in the city numerous private circulating libraries, 
from which novels may be got for a penny a-week ; 
and further, that there is practically no provision what- 
ever of useful modern books in other departments of 
literature ; and further, that the means at the com- 
mittee's disposal, both as to accommodation of readers 
and the supply of books, is inadequate, that works of 
fiction be not purchased for the library in the meantime. 
This recommendation has been acted on, and hitherto 
no novels have been bought. In January, 1879, how- 
ever, Mr. A. Glen Collins generously offered to present 
a selection of novels, and on the offer being accepted, 
he sent 155 volumes of standard novels, uniformly and 
handsomely bound. These, with one or two other 
gifts, form the library's stock of fiction." The only 
books we need name are, a good copy of the first 
edition of ** Gulliver's Travels," with the maps; the 
Abbotsford edition of Scott ; and Haslewood's editiou 
of Painter's Palace of Pleasure. 

The last class is Miscellaneous, 10,006 volumes, de- 
scribed in the report as consisting ** chiefly of works 
which include two or more of the other classes, sach as 
encyclopiedias, collected works of general writers, essay- 
ists, sets of periodicals, etc." Among the encyclopaddias^ 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 167 

we Dame the extensive work of Zedler, 68 volumes, folio; 
the famous Encyclop^die of Diderot and D'Alem- 
bert, 33 volumes, folio; Encyclopaedia Britannica, 
eighth and ninth editions ; Blackie's, Chambers's, and 
others. The collected works of general writers and the 
essayists are so numerous that we can only note their 
presence, for the most part in good editions. In bibli- 
ography we find excellent copies of the various works 
of T. F. Dibdin, Allibone, Brunet, Brydges, Clarke, 
Clement, Collier, De Bure, Ebert, Guild, Hain, 
Lalanne, Lowndes, Manne, Oldys, Querard, Richard, 
Watt, etc. ; and in connection with these we name 
Arber's Transcripts of the Registers of the Stationers' 
Company, 4 volumes, quarto, and a large collection of 
the catalogues of important libraries both in Britain and 
in America. It may further be stated that the library 
has many first editions and privately printed books. 

The library has sets of Professor Arber's other 
series, the English Reprints, the English Garner, and 
the English Scholar's Library; and of Dr. Grosart's 
Fuller Worthies' Library, Chertsey Worthies* Library, 
Huth Library, etc. Among other series in the library 
may be named Lardner's Cabinet Cyclopaedia, Family 
Library, Oriental Series, and Sacred Books of the East. 

Most of the works issued by the more important 
publishing societies are in the library, including the 
Ballad, Camden (English history), Chaucer, Early 
English Text, Hakluyt (early travels), Harleian (gene- 
alogy, etc.). Folk Lore, Palseontographical, Percy 
(early poetry), Scottish Text, Spenser, Surtees (history 
of Northern England), and other societies of a kindred 
nature. 

The manuscripts in the library are few in number, 
and, except the National Covenant, not of great im- 
portance. A few of them have been already named. 

The periodicals placed currently on the tables in the 
magazine-room, and subsequently bound for preserva- 
tion, are numerous and representative. The following 



168 



THE LIBRARIES OF OLASOOW. 



list of *' serials in progress," which omits such as have 
been already named, must close our notice of the con- 
tents of the library : — 



List of Periodicals, Transactions, Newspapers, and othbr 
Serials in Progress in the Mitchell Library. 



Academy. 

Academy Notes. 

Agricultural Society's Journal. 

Alliance News. 

All the Year Round. 

Almanacs ; General : — 

AlmauHch de Gotha. 

American Almanac. 

British Almanac and Com- 
panion. 

Glasgow Almanac. 

Illustrated London Almanac. 

Oliver <fe Boyd's, with Sui)ple- 
ments. 

Orkney and Shetland Almanaa 

Thom's Irish Almanac. 

VVliitaker's Almanac. 
Ameiican Naturalist. 
Annalen der Pliysik und Chemit*. 
Annual Register. 
Antiquarian Magazine and Biblio- 
grapher. 
Antiquaries of Scotland, Society 

of. Proceedings. 
Antiquary. 
Anticjuary's Library. 
Anti-Slavery Reporter. 
Appleton's Annual Cyclopwdia. 
Arclneoloj2ji(»l Association. Brit- 
ish, Journal. 
Architect. 
Architect, British. 
Art - 

Annuaire Illustn* des Beaux 
Arts. 

Art Journal. 

Art Text- Books. 

Chronic J u<» rlos .\rts. 

Courrier de lArt 



Decoration. 

Gazette des Beaux Arts. 

Grosvenor Gallery NoteB. 

UArt. 

Magazine of Art. 

Portfolio. 

South Kensington Muaeaai 
Art Handbooks. 

Year's Art. 
Astronomical Observations, Edin. 
Astronomical Register. 
Athenaeum. 
Atlantic Monthlv. 

* 

Ayrshire and Wigtonshire Ar- 
chaeological Association Pub- 
lications. 

Baird Lectures. 

Bampton Lectures. 

Banner of Israel. 

Bible Standard. 

Bibliothoca Sacra. 

Blackwood's Magazine. 

13ook Lore. 

Bookseller. 

Botaniciil Magazine, Curtis. 

Bi-a<lshaw'8 Railway Guide. 

British and Colonial Printer. 

British Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science. Re- 
|K)rt8. 

]>ritiHh Museum Library Gbtft- 
lo^ue and other Muaeaai 
Publications. 

Britinh Quarterly Review. 

]^ritish Tnide Journal. 

Broid Arrow. 

Build«»r. 

Builder's Weekly Reporter. 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY, 



169 



Building Newa 

Burgh Records Society Publica- 
tions. 

Caledonian Curling Club Annual. 

Canadian Gazette. 

Catalogue Illustr6 du Salon. 

Celtic Magazine. 

Century Magazine (formerly 
" Scribner's "). 

Chambers's Journal. 

Charity Organization Review. 

Chemical News. 

Chemical Industry Society, Jour- 
nal. 

Chemical Society, Journal. 

Chemist and Druggist. 

Chemist and Druggist's Diary. 

Chethara Society Publications. 

Christadelphian, 

Christian Advocate. 

Christian Socialist. 

Chi-istian World. 

Church Almanac. 

Church Quarterly Review. 

Civil Engineers, Institute of. 
Proceedings. 

Civil Service Commissioners' Re- 
ports. 

Civil Service Year Book. 

Clarendon Historical Society. 

Clarks' Foreign Theological Lib- 
rary. 

Clerical Directory. 

Club Almanach. 

Collierv Guardian. 

Colonial Office List. 

Colonies and India. 

Contemporary Review. 

Contract Journal. 

Co-operative News. 

Cornhill Magazine. 

Courrier de TEurope. 

Cunningham Lectures. 

Dial (Chicago). 
Dietetic Reformer. 



Directory of Directors. 

Dod's Parliamentary Companion. 

Dramatic Notes. 

Draper. 

Dublin Freeman's Journal. 

Dublin Review. 

Dublin Royal Society, Scientific 
Proceedings and Transac- 
tions. 

Early Chroniclers of Europe. 

Ecclesiastical Observer. 

Economist. 

Edinburgh Botanical Society. 

Edinburgh Directory. 

Edinburgh Gazette. 

Edinburgh Review. 

Educational News. 

Educational Times. 

Electrician. 

Eminent Women Series. 

Engineer. 

Engineering. 

Engineering Review. 

Engineers and Shipbuilders of 
Scotland. Transactions. 

Engineers, Society of. Transac- 
tions. 

English and Foreign Philosophi- 
cal Library. 

English Citizen Series. 

English Illustrated Magazine. 

English Men of Letters. 

English Political Leaders. 

Entomologist. 

Entomologist's Monthly Maga- 
zine. 

Era. 

Era Almanac. 

European Literature, Dawn of, 
Series. 

Expositor. 

Fabrics and Textile Industries, 

Journal. 
Farmer's Almanac, Morton's. 
Field. 



170 



THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW, 



Financial Reform Almantic. 
Financial Reform Tracts. 
Financial Reformer. 
Folk Lore Journal. 
Folk Lore Society Publications. 
Football Annual. 
Football Annual) Scottish. 
Foreign Countries and British 

Colonies. 
Foreign Office List. 
Fortnightly Review. 

Garden. 

Gai*deners' Chronicle. 

Gas and Water Companies Direc- 
tory (Gas Lighting, Journal 
of), 

Gegenwart. 

G^entleman's Magazine. 

Geographical Society, Proceed- 
ings. 

Geological Magazinf*. 

Geological Record. 

Glasgow Archaeological Society 
Transactions. 

Glasgow Criminal Returns. 

Glasgow Directory. 

Glasgow Fine Arts Institute, 
Catalogue. 

Glasgow Geological Society Tran- 
sactions. 

Glasgow Natural History Socit t y 
Proceedings. 

Glasgow Parochial Boards, Re- 
ports. 

Glasgow Philosophical Society 
Proceedings. 

Glasgow Red Book. 

Glasgow School Board Reports. 

Glasgow Societies' Reiwrts, vari- 
ous. 

Glasgow Town Council, Lists of. 

Glasgow Vital Statistics. 

Good Words. 

Grampian Club Publications. 

Graphic, 

Great Artists Series. 



Great Musicians Series. 
Greenwich Astronomical Observa- 
tions. 

Handbooks for Bible Classes. 

Hardware Circular. 

Harper's Monthly. 

Harper's Weekly (New York). 

Hart's Army List 

Hai-vard University Library 
Bulletin. 

Health. 

Herald of Peace. 

Hibbert Lectures. 

Historical Society, Roy si I. Trans- 
actions. 

Home and Colonial Mail. 

Homilist. 

Homoeopathic World. 

Horological Journal. 

Household Library of Exposition. 

Hulsean Lectures. 

Hunterian Club Publications. 

Illustrated London News, 

Illustration, L'. 

Index Society Publications. 

India List. 

Industrial Geography Primei-s. 

Insui*ance Blue-Book. 

Insurance Gazette. 

Insumnce Gazette, Ireland. 

Insurance Record. 

International Review. 

Investigator. 

Investor's Monthly Manunl. 

Iron. 

Jewish Chronicle. 

Jewish Herald. 

Jewish Intelligence. 

Jewish World. 

Journal of Society of Arts. 

Jurisprudence, Journal of. 

Knowledge. 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 



171 



Lancet. 

Land and Water. 

Law List. 

Law Society (Incorporated) Cal- 
endar. 

Law Times and Reports. 

League Journal. 

Leisure Hour. 

Library Journal. 

Library Association Proceedings, 
and Chronicle. 

Literary World. 

Live Stock Journal. 

Live Stock Journal Almanac. 

Local Government Chronicle. 

London Directory. 

London Gazette. 

London Quarterly Review. 

Longmans' Magazine. 

Longmans' Notes on Books. 

Low's English Catalogue of Books. 

Machinery Market. 

Macmillan's Magazine, 

Manuals of Technology. 

Mechanic, English. 

Medical Journal, British. 

Medical Register. 

Medicine, Braithwaite's Retro- 
spect. 

Mercantile Age. 

Mercantile Navy List. 

Messenger. 

Metal Worker. 

Microscopical Science, Quarterly 
Journal. 

Miller. 

Mind. 

Mineral Statistics. 

Mining Journal. 

Modem Review. 

Music, Magazine of. 

Musical Directory. 

Musical Opinion. 

Musical Standard. 

Musical Times. 

Musical World. 



Nation (New York). 

National Review. 

Natural History, Annals of. 

Nature. 

Nature Series. 

Nautical Almanac. 

Naval Architects, Institute of. 

Transactions. 
New Church Magazine. 
New Club Series. 
New Plutarch Series. 
Newspaper Press Directory. 
Nineteenth Century. 
Non-Christian Religious Systems. 
North American Review. 
Notes and Queries. 

Oracle. 

Orkney and Shetland Almanac. 

Palestine Exploration Fund, State- 
ment. 

Paper and Printing Trades Jour- 
nal. 

Parliament House Book. 

Parliamentary Reports, Returns, 
Papers. 

Peerages, Various. 

People's Friend. 

Pharmaceutical Journal. 

Pharmaceutical Society Calendar. 

Pharmacy, Year Book of. 

Philosophers, English. 

Philosophical Classics. 

Philosophical Magazine. 

Philosophies, Ancient. 

Philosophy, Speculative, Journal 
of. 

Phonetic Journal. 

Phonographic Journal (Sloan- 
Duployan). 

Photographic News. 

Photography, British Journal of. 

Photography, British Journal Al- 
manac. 

Pictorial World. 

Postal Guide. 



172 



THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 



Press News. 
Printer's Register. 
Printing Times. 

Psychical Research Society, Pro- 
ceedings. 
Publisher's Circular. 
Publisher's Weekly (New York). 
Punch. 

Quarterly Review. 

Railway Time Tables, Local. 

Presented by the Companies. 
Railway Times. 
Rainbow. 

Ray Society Publications. 
Reformed Presbyterian Witness. 
Registrar - General's Monthly, 

Quarterly, and Annual R!e- 

turns. 
Reliquary. 
Reporters' Journal. 
Revue des deux Mondes. 
Revue Internationale. 
Revue Politique et Litt6raire. 
Rhind Lectures on Archaeology. 
Royal Society, Proceedings of. 

Sanitary Engineer. 
Sanitary Record. 
Saturday Review. 
School Board Chronicle. 
Schoolmaster. 
Science — 

American Journal of Science. 

Ann^o Scientifiiiue, L*. 

Comptes RondiiH des Stances de 
I'Acadi^inie des Sciences. 

Hardwicke's Science Gossip. 

International Scientific SerifH. 

Library of Contemjwrary 
Science. 

Monthly Journal of Science. 

Revue ScientiB<pie. 
Scientitic American, and Suppt. 
Scientific and Learned Societies' 
Year Book. 



Scientific RolL 

Scotland — 

Calendar of Docaments. 
Exchequer Rolls. 
Register of Privy CounciL 
Register of the Great Seal 
Accounts of the Lord High 
Treasurer. 

Scotsman. 

Scottish Arboricultural Society. 
Transactions. 

Scottish Banking Magazine. 

Scottish Law Reporter. 

Scottish Naturalist. 

Scottish Review. 

Scottish School Board Directory. 

Scottish Text Society. 

Service Almanac. 

Shorthand Magazine. 

Smithsonian Institution Reports. 

Social Science Congress Trana 

South Kensington Art Directory. 

South Kensington Science Direc- 
tory. 

Spectator. 

Star of Israel. 

Statesman's Year Book. 

Statist. 

Statutes, Public General. 

Stiitutcs, Public General,ScotlancL 

Steamship. 

Stock Exchange Year Book. 

Sunday Magazine. 

Sunday Review. 

Symons's British Rainfall. 

Tablet 

Technological Handbooks (Bell). 

Technological Handbooks 

(Churchill). 
Telegraphic Journal. 
Temple Bar. 

Textile Manufacturer and Ditfy. 
Theatre. 

Theatre Annual. 
Theological and Philo63phic»l 

Library. 



THE MITCHELL LIBRARY. 



17a 



Theological Translation Fund 

Library. 
Times. 

Times Index (Palmer's). 
Times Register of Events. 
Tonic Sol-Fa Reporter. 
Tour du Monde. 

Trade and Navigation Accounts. 
Ti-ade Marks Journal. 
Triibner's American and Oriental 

Literary Record. 
Triibner's Simplified Grammars. 

United States Government, Re- 
ports of Various Depart- 
ments. 
University Calendars — 

Aberdeen. 

Cambiidge. 

Dublin. 

Dundee. 

Durham. 

Edinburgh. 

Free Church Colleges. 

Glasgow. 

Glasgow, Andersonian. 

London, Preceptors' College. 

In addition to the serials now in progress the library 
contains sets of many completed periodicals. 

In the arrangements for the service of the public, 
the aim has been to render access to the books as easy 
and convenient as possible, and to interpose no restric- 
tions or regulations save such as appeared necessary 
for the safety of the books. On a counter near the 
door are placed copies of the catalogue, and readers' 
tickets. The reader, having found in the catalogue 
the book he wishes to see, writes on the readers' ticket 
its title and the library number, and adds his name and 
address and the date. The ticket is then handed to an 
assistant who brings the book or books, and the reader 
returns them to the counter before leaving. 

We have already noted the changes in the committee 
up to the date on which the library was opened. It 



London, Queen's College. 

London, Koyal College of Sur- 
geons. 

London, Trinity College. 

London Univei*sity. 

Owen's College and Victoria 
University, Manchester. 

Oxford. 

St. Andrews. 
University Magazine. 

Vaccination Inquirer. 

Vanity Fair. 

Victoria Institute. Transactions.. 

Vigilance Association Journal. 

Watchmaker. 

Weale's Series (as issued). 

West Coast Directory. 

Westminster Review. 

Who's Who. 

Woods and Forests. 

Zoological Eecord. 

Zoologist. 

Zoophilist. 



174 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

now remains to add the few alterations which have taken 
place on the list since then. In 1878 Councillors AicIl 
Dunlop and George Jackson joined the committee; 
Councillor William Wilson was chosen convener, and 
Councillor T. A. Mathieson sub-convener. In 1879 
Councillors Peter Bertram, A. S. Bryce, Alexander 
McLaren, Duncan M'Pherson, and John Ure replaced 
vacating members; and in 1880 Councillors Sir William 
Collins, and W. M*Neil Stuart were elected The new 
members in 1881 were Councillors James Gray and J. 
R Miller; in 1882, C. D. Rankin; in 1883, Councillors 
J. H. Martin, James Macfarlane, John Shearer, jun., 
Michael Simons, H. S. Thomson, and James Col- 
quhoun; and in 1884, Councillors Thomas Gumming, 
Robt. Graham, David Logan, and Walter Paton. The 
committee has been reduced from its former dimensions 
to ten members. 

With respect to the financial position of the library it 
may be stated that all that has yet been done, — the ac- 
quisition of a library of 57,100 volumes and the issue to 
readers of more tlian two and a half millions, together 
with the extensive use made of the current periodicals, 
— has practically been accomplished by the interest of the 
fund, the capital sum now being only some £1,500 less 
than when handed over by Mr. Mitchells agents. The 
full realization of the objects pointed to in Lord Pro- 
vost Blackic's report would require longer time and 
larger resources than have been at the disposal of the 
committee. After payment of rent, lighting and warm- 
ing, salaries and wages, insurance, annuities under the 
founder's will, and incidental expenses, the amount 
available for the purchase of books and periodicals and 
for binding has in recent years averaged about £800. 
Considerable as this appears, when it is compared with 
corresponding expenditures at Liverpool, Manchester, 
and Birmingham (not to speak of cities in the United 
States), it will be seen how far it is from enabling the 
committee to secure for public use the greater and rarer 



THE MITCHELLL I BEAR Y. 175 

works of our own and other times and countries, and 
otherwise giving full effect to the liberal policy they 
have adopted. 

The principal inconveniences to which readers have 
been subjected arise entirely from the fact that the 
business of the library has long outgrown the premises 
in which it is placed. The overcrowding has been very 
great, so much so as to deter many from taking advan- 
tage of the books provided. Literary men and stu- 
dents particularly, Avho require quiet and space for 
their work, have been at a great disadvantage. The 
ventilation, originally defective, has with greater num- 
bers present become much worse, and offers another 
serious hindrance to the use of the library. 

Notwithstanding all these disadvantages, however, 
it has to be recorded that the library has so far had a 
remarkable and unlooked-for measure of success, and 
has become one of the most popular of the city insti- 
tutions. As a recent observer has remarked, it has 
already " established a claim to be called a great library 
— great in progress, gi'eat in usefulness, greater still in 
promise." 



176 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW, 



CHAPTER XII. 
THE EUING MUSICAL UBRAUY. 

Intentions of tJie Founder — The manner in which 
tJiey Jiave been carmed out — Inaccessibility of thr 
Library — Defects of the Catalogue — Service which 
the Collection might rendei' to Musical Art — Extent 
of the Library — Historical and Biographical Works 
— Great Wealth of the Library in Didactic and 
Theoretical Woi^ks — Sacred Vocal Music, Individual 
Composers; Collections; Rich in Psalters — Secular 
Vocal Music — Instrumental Mv^ic — Miscellaneous 
Works. 

This large and important collection of musical works 
was formed by the late William Euing, insarance 
broker in Glasgow, and was bequeathed by him to 
Andersons Univei-sity in 1874. The provisions of his 
will bear that the library of musical works is ** to be 
the pro])erty of, and deposited and kept in Anderson s 
University in all time coming, and to be made avail* 
able for the use and instruction of the professor or lec- 
turer on music, and of the students in said Anderson's 
University, under such restrictions or regulations as 
the managers and trustees thereof may deem proper 
for their care and preservation." A sum of £500, 
subsequently increased by a codicil to £1,000, was left 
for the purpose of providing a fire-proof compartment 
for housing the library, and for providing a fund for 
the maintenance of a librarian or curator. A further 
sum of £200 was loft to be applied to the compilation, 
publication, and gratuitous distribution of a catalogue 
of the library ; and in addition to all the foregoing, the 



THE EUING LIBRARY. 177 

testator left his stock of musical instruments for the 
benefit of the same institution. Such, in brief, is the 
history of the origin of this library. 

Before proceeding to a description of the contents of 
the library, it may be useful and instructive to deter- 
mine how far the intentions of the founder have been 
fulfilled ; and to learn by the sequel that benevolence 
which is intended to have posthumous effect may often- 
times be robbed of its efficiency by a too jealous inter- 
pretation of the donor s dying testament. The library 
is certainly " deposited and kept " in Anderson's Uni- 
versity, but to such good purpose that the founder's 
intentions with regard to its being made available for 
the use and instruction of students are practically void. 
A building has been erected, on fire-proof principles no 
doubt, but which an actual test is quite liable to dis- 
prove ; while its damp-proof capabilities seem never to 
have received the distinction of a thought. Its fire- 
resisting qualities in this latter connection are undeni- 
able however, though the consolation arising from the 
fact will scarcely counterbalance the ultimate destruc- 
tion of the library. No funds seem to have survived 
the erection of the sepulchre in which the library is 
interred, and the want of a librarian accordingly forms 
an unfailing excuse and off-put to any inquiring spirit 
who may chance to desire the use of Mr. Euing's books. 
The £200 have been spent in printing a large handsome 
volume of 256 pages, bearing the title, '* Catalogue of 
the Musical Library of the late William Euing, Esq.," 
etc., and having the date 1878. Its value as a cata- 
logue is open to some question on grounds afterwards 
to be stated, but its virtues as an irritant, to such per- 
sons as desire to consult the treasures it pretends to 
describe, and have experienced the hopelessness of the 
desire, are unmatched. The defects of the catalogue 
are chiefly those of arrangement and transcription ; but 
there are other faults no less heinous, though of less 
general consequence. In the first place, the catalogue 

12 



178 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

pretends to be on the classified model, though it is 
without a separate and sequential index of authors, in 
consequence of which it is often necessary to make ten 
or more different references in order to discover what 
works of any composer the library possesses. It is 
divided into eight principal parts, which are again sub- 
divided, the whole forming fifteen sections. One part 
calls for special notice, namely the "Addenda/ in 
which are three sections arranged on the no-arranfi^e- 
ment principle, and containing some of the most valu- 
able items in the library. It is neither alphabetical 
nor chronological, but a simple or compound hash ot 
titles without order or utility. It is not too much to 
say that this uncritical compilation is an insult to the 
valuable collection it professes to index. 

Here, then, is an extensive library, the most valu- 
able of its kind in Scotland, and one of the most 
valuable in the United Kingdom, shut up from public 
access, and almost wholly conserved from any use 
whatever by those musical students for whose benefit 
it was left. The policy of those responsible for this 
state of matters is highly injurious to the best interests 
and progress of the musical community in Glasgow, 
and will not fail to make the city be regarded as a 
place where enlightenment has been withheld by those 
whose office and obligation it is to further the advance- 
ment of universal knowledge. The advantages which 
a free and judicious use of the Euing Library would 
be to musicians in Glasgow are incalculable, and would 
not fail to foster the growing interest in music now 
apparent on every side. Musicians of every grade, 
whether professional or amateur, would find something 
of interest and value in the collection, and the educa- 
tional influence of the library would ultimately prove a 
powerful force in bringing about the higher cultivation 
of music now being aimed at all over the world. It 
has always been a matter of reproach that Scotland 
has never produced a composer of first-rate ability 



THE EUING LIBRARY, 179 

until quite recently; while it may be truly said of 
Glasgow that she has never produced a composer 
worthy of the name. Yet, when a valuable aid in the 
matter of attaining such a desirable honour is placed 
within measurable reach of the musical public, a body of 
persons otherwise pledged to the furtherance of educa- 
tion are the sole means of excluding them, and defeat- 
ing the attainment of the distinction in question. All 
credit is allowed the trustees of the Euing Library for 
their preservative efforts, but the praiseworthiness of 
their action becomes questionable when the measures 
taken to secure the safety of the books result in a 
complete defeat of the intentions of the founder of the 
library. The benefits of a library are seen only in its 
use, and the Euing Library will never be a great factor 
in musical education while its treasures lie in a condi- 
tion of inglorious and damp repose. We trust no 
officiousness will attach to the humble suggestion we 
have to make that the trustees should divest themselves 
of what is apparently a useless encumbrance, by placing 
the collection in some public institution where its value 
would be appreciated and its preservation secured by 
more rational means than seclusion in a burglar but not 
damp-proof tomb. To this end we may mention the 
facilities in the possession of the Town Council, whose 
members have some voice in the direction of at least 
two liberally- managed free public libraries, in which 
the late Mr. Euing's life-time collections would receive 
honourable attention and a use worthy of their value. 

Of the extent of the Euing Musical Library only an 
estimate can be obtained. Calculated different ways, a 
result is given showing the number of volumes and 
pamphlets to be not less than between 5,000 and 6,000, 
though it is probable that this number is within the 
mark. Of the nature of its contents a better notion 
can be given. It comprehends works on and in every 
department of musical literature and composition, to 
the description of which we may at once proceed, 



180 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

adopting the following rough classification as a basis 
on which to work : — 

1. Historical and Biographical Works. 

2. Didactic and Theoretical Works. 

3. Sacred Vocal Music. 

4. Secular Vocal Music. 

5. Instrumental Music. 
G. Miscellaneous Works. 

The first division comprises the works collected by- 
Mr. Euing himself, and a number of books from the 
library of the late Dr. E. F. Rimbault It is par- 
ticularly rich in French and German authors, though 
also containing many valuable and important English 
writings. Among historical authors represented may 
be named Ambros, Arteaga, Blondeau, Brendel, 
Burney, Busby, CaflS, Castil-Blaze, Chorley, Chouquet, 
Cldment, Coussemaker, Dalyell, Edgcumbe, Edwards, 
Engel, F^tis, Forkel, Hawkins, Hogarth, Hullah, 
Kiesewetter, Martini, North, Parke, Keissmann, Bim- 
bault, etc. Ambros is represented by his "Geschichte 
der Musik," 3 volumes, 1862-68, a well-known work, 
now completed, and maintaining a high renown for 
brilliancy and acumen, and with which may be classed 
the careful history of Franz Brendel. The English 
histories of Burney and Hawkins are both out of aate^ 
neither coming beyond the conclusion of the eighteenth 
century; but their interest is still fresh for those whose 
studies are of an antiquarian bent. The other Eng- 
lish works are interesting mainly as retrospects of 
musical history, for, except Hogarth and Hullah, none 
of them are of great critical value. Sir James Graham 
Daly ell's " Musical Memoirs of Scotland " is a purely 
antiquarian performance, dealing more with music as 
illustrated in works of art than throwing much light on 
the state of practical nmsic in Scotland. It is never- 
theless a work of considerable interest, and is becoming 
scarce and highly valuable in a bibliographical sense. 
It is not necessary to do more than refer to the valu- 



THE EUING LIBRARY. 181 

able works of Clement ('^ Histoire Generale de la 
Musique Religieuse/' 1861; and " Dictionnaire Ly- 
rique ou Histoire des Operas''), Coussemaker, Forkel 
("Musikalisch-KritischeBibliothek," 3 volumes, 1778), 
Kiesewetter, Martini ("StoriadellaMusica," 1757-81), 
Reissmann, etc., which are of general renown, and the 
recognized working tools of the musical student. 

In the Biographical section the best known work is 
the " Biographic Universelle des Musiciens," by 
F6tis, of which the library possesses only the old 
and inaccurate edition of 1835-44, and without the 
valuable supplement of Pougin. Gerber's "Historisch- 
Biographisches Lexikon der Tonklinstler " is repre- 
sented in the editions of 1790 and 1812, and may be 
named as the great authority of past times. Musicians 
interested in the musical biography of Poland will find 
much of interest in Albert Sowinski's " Musiciens 
Polonais et Slaves," published at Paris in 1857. 
Bingley's second-rate ''Musical Biography" of 1834 
is present, as also is the worthless compilation in 2 
volumes known as the ** Dictionary of Musicians from 
the Earliest Ages to the Present Time," 1824, to 
which can be traced most of the errors and misrepre- 
sentations of foreign biographical writers in regard to 
British musicians and their works. Other collective 
biographical works are those of Choron and Fayolle, 
Clement, Escudier, Schilling, Schuberth, and others 
too numerous or unimportant for detailed notice. 
Among biographies of individual musicians we 
may name Bach, by Forkel ; Beethoven, by Lenz, 
Marx, Schindler, Thayer, Nohl, Ries, Oulibicheff, 
etc. ; Bellini, by Pougin ; Billington '(the scandalous 
*' Memoirs" of 1792) ; Boieldieu, by Hequet ; Cheru- 
bini, by Denne-Baron and Raoul-Rochette ; Chopin, 
by Barbedette ; Fdlicien David, by Azevedo ; Erard, 
by Fdtis ; Gr6try, by Spazier ; Haldvy ; Handel, by 
Bray, Schoelcher, J. C. Smith, Mattheson, Mainwaring, 
etc. ; Haydn, by Carpani, F6tis, Karajan, Beyle; 



182 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

etc. ; Jommelli, by Mattel ; Lassus, by Mathiea 
Lejeune, by Bouton ; Malibran ; Mendelssohn, by 
Polko, Barbedette, Reissmann, Selden, Wallace, etc. 
Meyerbeer, by Blaze de Bury, Pougin, etc. ; Moscheles 
Mozart, by Holmes, Nissen, Nohl, Cramer, Schlosser^ 
Jahn, Beyle, Oulibicheff, etc. ; Naumann, by Meissner 
Onslow, by Hal^vy ; Paganini, by F6tis, Imbert, etc. 
Palestrina, by Baini, Blondeau, etc. ; Piccinni, by Gin- 
guene ; Rossini, by Carpani, Beyle, Edwards, Pougin 
Schubert, by Hellbom ; Schumann, by Reissmann 
Spohr, by Malibran : Stradivarius, by Fetis; Wagner^ 
by Gasperini ; W. V. Wallace, by Pougin ; Weber 
and many others too numerous for mention. Some of 
the foregoing are of extreme value to the musician^ 
and most of them illustrate musical history in a forcible 
and pleasant style. 

The great wealth of the library lies in its valuable 
and extensive collection of didactic treatises and 
theoretical and technological writings and dictionaries. 
Of these it may be said to possess a stock scarcely 
equalled in London itself by any single library now 
existing ; while as regards the English provinces and 
Scotland it is simply beyond match. Nothing can 
be done in the course of this paper to describe in detail 
any of the contents of this section, but a list of some 
of the principal items may not come amiss to persons 
desirous of learning a little regarding the possessions 
of the library in this special deDartment Among the 
older writers represented are — Martin Agricola, whose 
'^Musica Instrumentalis Deudsch," 1545, is believed 
to be one of the earliest works on performing on instru- 
ments; Pietro Aron or Aaron, "ToscanellomMusica,** 
1539, an early work of some value ; Boethius, *' Arith- 
metica, Geometria et Musica," Venice, 1492; Butler, 
"Principles of Music, in singing and setting," 1636; 
Calvisius, *' Melopoeia/' 1592; Cocleus, ''Tetrachordum 
Musices," 1511; Dowland, the translator of the "Micro- 
logus" of Andreas Omithoparcus, the original of 



THE SUING LIBRARY, 183 

Avhich is not, however, in the library; Faber, *'Ad 
Musicam Praticam," 1550; Gafurius, or Gafori, the 
learned author of *' Theoricum Opus Musicse Disip- 
line," 1480, ** Angelicum ac Divinum Opus Musice," 
1508, "De Harmonia Musicorum Instrumentorum," 
1518, "Theorica Musice," 1492, "Pratica Musice," 
1496 ; Galilei, father of the famous astronomer, " II 
Fromino, dialogo sopra Tarte del bene intavolare e^ 
rettamente sonare la musica," 1584; Glareanus, or 
Loris, whose *' Dodekachordon," 1547, is one of the 
rarest of musical books ; Kircher, " Musurgia Univer- 
salis," 1650 ; Listenius, " Rudimenta Musicse," 1538; 
Locke, **Melothesia, or Certain General Rules for Playing 
upon a Continued Bass," 1673; Luscinius, ** Musurgia," 
1536; Meibomius, "Antiquse Musicee," 1652; Mer- 
senne, " Harmonie Universelle," 1636 ; Morley, 
'* Plaine and Easie Introduction to Practicall Musicke," 
1597; Playford, "Introduction to the Skill of Musiek," 
seventh edition, 1674, and others; Prsetorius, *^ Syn- 
tagma Musicum," 4 volumes, 1614-20, a scarce and 
costly work, of which this is one of the few complete 
copies known; Raselius, "Hexachordum," 1589; Rhau, 
"Enchiridion Musicse Mensuralis," 1520; Salmon, 
" Essay to the Advancement of Musick, by casting 
away the perplexity of different cliffs," etc., 1672 ; 
Simpson, " Compendium of Practical Music," 1667, 
"The Division Viol," 1667; Tigrini, " II Compendio 
della Musica," 1588; Zacconi, " Pratica di Musica," 
1596; Zarlino, Opera; " Tlnstituzioni Harmoniche," 
etc., 1589. Many of the works in the foregoing list 
are of great rarity, and have a value for musicians 
beyond the bookseller's estimate, in the light they 
throw on early musical speculation and theory. The 
whole history of the progress of musical theory can be 
traced in them, and when taken in conjunction with 
the modern writers, a view is obtained of the entire 
system of musical practice as at present constituted. 
It would be fruitless to notice the modern writers 



184 THE LIBRARIES OF 0LA800W. 

represented more than by name, and the following list 
gives the majority of the famous writers whose works 
are contained more or less completely in the library : — 
Adlung, Albrechtsberger, Asioli, Barbereau, Basevi^ 
Catel, Cherubini, Chev^, Chladni, Choron, Crotch, 
Curwen, Czerny, Day, Fdtis, Fink, Fux, Helmholts, 
Hiller, Hullah, Kastner, Lobe, Logier, Macfarren, 
Marpurg, Marx, Mattheson, Rameau, Reicha, Rous- 
seau, Sabbatini, Robert Smith, Tan'sur, Turk, Vogler, 
and G. Weber. 

The department of sacred music is especially rich in 
psalters, hymnaries, and other collections of church 
music, and possesses in addition many interesting 
works by individual composers. These we will first 
notice, passing afterwards to an examination of the 
collections of psalmody, etc. An exceedingly rare 
work is William Byrd's '* Psalmes, Sonets, and Songs 
of Sadnes and Pietie, made into musicke of five partes,"* 
London, 1588. This work contains some very quaint 
reasons why people should learn to sing, one being 
that ** It doth strengthen all parts of the heart, and 
doth open the pipes." A second book of Byrd's Sacred 
Songs appeared in 1591. William Child's "First Set 
of Psalms of Three Voyces," 1639, is another quaint 
work. Kapsberger's " First Book of Motets," 1612. 
is an interesting but not rare volume. That giant of 
the sixteenth century, Orlando Lassus, is represented 
by a collection of sacred music, dated 1582, and con- 
tained in five volumes. His works are full of elaborate 
counterpoint, not always remarkable for perspicuity, 
and sounding wearisome and intricate to modem ears. 
The *' Psalms " of Henry and William Lawes, for 
three voices, are more interesting to unscientific musi* 
cians, and the volume contains some numbers which 
have been adapted to present-day requirements. 
Lejeune s Psalms and Lully's Motets represent respec- 
tively the sacred music of the sixteenth and seven- 
teenth centuries in France. Marcello's ** Salmi" is 



THE EUING LIBRARY. 185 

present in three editions, among which is Avison and 
Garth's scarce eight- volume English edition. A goodly 
show is made of the works of Prsetorius or Schultz 
(1571-1621), whose " Musarum Sioniar," 1607; 
*' Hymnodia Sionia," 1611; " Megalynodia Sionia," 
1611, and some others, are among the most rare of 
musical publications. Their value in an artistic sense 
is open to question, but their popularity is shown by 
the use made of some of the shorter pieces in our 
modern collections of psalmody. This composer is 
also noticed above in connection with musical theory. 
Melchior Vulpius, a chorale composer of past and 
present fame, is well represented by his *' Cantionum 
Sacranim," in eight volumes, published at Jena in 
1602. The more modern composers are shown to best 
advantage among the oratorios and works of a simi- 
lar semi-sacred character. Arne's " Judith " and 
Arnold's " Redemption " are last-century productions 
of Handelian mould; the former being in imitation, 
and the latter entirely a compilation. Bach is fairly 
represented by a German edition of his works (imper- 
fect), and the Passion Music in English. His church 
cantatas are not present in great force. Modern 
Englishmen are plentiful, as J. Bamby, J. F. Barnett, 
Sir W. S. Bennett, Bexfield, Chipp, Cusins, Dearie, 
Ellerton, W. B. Gilbert, Glover, Hiles, C. E. Horsley 
(whose " Gideon " was written for the Glasgow 
Choral Union), Jackson of Masham, Leslie, Perry, 
Pierson, Russell, Stanley, Sullivan, Worgan, and 
other writers. The living men among those above named 
are very imperfectly represented by early works, while 
a few of the older writers like Crotch, Macfarren, and 
others, are not represented at all. Handel is complete ; 
as likewise are Mendelssohn and Spohr. Beethoven, 
Berlioz, Boyce, Costa, Graun, Hasse, Hiller, Molique, 
Neukomm, Ries, Rolle, Romberg, Rossini, Schneider, 
Silas, and Winter are each represented by one or 
more works, but none of them so adequately as seems 



186 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

commensurate with their importance. In the depart- 
ment of church music proper, the modem writers are 
well shown, and it need only be said that all the most 
important anthems, motets, masses, and services of all 
the great composers are present 

The library of collections of Sacred Music (including 
psalmodies and hymnaries) is no doubt one of the most 
valuable ever formed in Britain by the work of a private 
individual. The earliest church collections and the most 
recent denominational hymn-books are found side byside 
with the large collections of sacred music made at 
various times by musicians of scholai*sbip and ability. 
Arnold's monumental collection of " Cathedral Music'' is 
present in the edition edited by Kimbault, in 3 volumes, 
1843. *' Corale Constantini," 1550-57, is an extremely 
rare collection of sacred music, of which the alto, tenor, 
and bass parts are alone supposed to exist Boyce's 
collection of " Cathedral Music," in 5 volumes, is pre- 
sent in the original edition, as also is that of Dupais in 
3 volumes. The '* Harmonia Sacra, or Divine Hymns 
and Dialogues," 1687-93, is an interesting collectioo, 
though of no special value. Bishop and Warren's 
** Repertorium Musicse Antiquse," 1848, and Hullah's 
" Library of Concerted Music," are modem collections, 
carefully edited and well-selected. Latrobe's once 
popular " Selection of Sacred Music from the Works 
of some of the most Eminent Composers of Germany 
and Italy," is a 6- volume work published in 1806. 
The Motet Society's 3-volume ** Collection of Ancient 
Church Music" is a trustworthy work. Novello's 
Standard Collections, consisting of anthems, motets, 
and the ** Fitzwilliam Music, being a collection of 
sacred pieces selected from manuscripts of Italian 
composers in the Fitzwilliam Museum," 5 volumes, 
did more to popularize the older composers than any 
other effort ever made in a similar direction. Ouseley's 
'' Cathedral Music " is a scholarly and able compilation. 
Proske s '* Musica Divina," a cheap and accurate collec- 



THE EUING LIBRARY. 187 

tion of ancient church music, published at Ratisbon in 
3 vokimes, in 1853-59, is probably the most valuable 
publication of the kind issued in recent times. Rim- 
bault's " Cathedral Music " is useful more for learned 
musicians than for church use in general. Thomson s 
'*Symphonia Angelica" is another useful book of 
anthems. The collections of Psalmody are without 
number, and represent every civilized nationality, 
while dating from the 16th to the 19th century. The 
value of this section cannot be estimated by ordinary 
methods, as many of the single works possess features 
which make them unique — here, curious autographs, 
and there, notes by celebrities. As of local interest we 
first glance at the Glasgow collections. Earliest 
among these is William Brown's " Collection of Psalm 
Tunes in Four Parts," a small duodecimo dated 1700. 
Next is Thomas Moore's "Psalm Singer's Pocket 
Companion," 1756, of which there are several other 
editions. Moore was an Englishman resident in Glas- 
gow as music teacher to Hutchesons' Hospital. " The 
Precentor," by Finlay and M*Lachlan, 1776, and '' The 
Precentor," 1779, by M'Lachlan alone, are inferior 
works. Another early Glasgow collection is "The 
Psalms of David in Metre, newly translated," 1773. 
More recent compilations published in Glasgow are 
Andrew Duncan's "The Choir," 1 828 ; Steven's " Har- 
monia Sacra," n.d. ; the publications of Hamilton, 
Mitchison, Brown, and Robertson, and others, generally 
distinguished by much vulgarity and containing the 
weak effusions of local nobodies to the exclusion of 
many of the great names now found necessary in most 
modern collections. The early Scottish collections in- 
clude Knox's Liturgy, Edinburgh, 1635, and the 
Glasgow reprint of 1864. An early psalm-book is 
that printed in Edinburgh, 1595, and there are others 
of 1615, printed by Hart, and 1635, of much value. 
Raban's Aberdeen. Psalter, 1625, is in the library, 
but is imperfect. There are othei^Scottish provincial 



188 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

collections which are more curious than able perform- 
ances, and among them we can only name Robert 
Gilmour's ** Psalm-Singer's Assistant," Paisley, 1793. 
The English collections are extremely numerous, and 
range from the 1569 edition of Sternhold and Hopkins 
to the year of Mr. Euing's death. The editions of 
Sternhold and Hopkins are numerous, as also are those 
by Tate and Brady, Playford, Patrick, and Elste. 
Other early dated collections are Barton's •* Book of 
Psalms in Metre," 1644 and 1682; Sandys' "Para- 
phrase upon the Psalmes of David, set to New Tunes 
by Henry Lawes," 1648, 1776, etc. ; Ravenscroft's 
" Whole Book of Psalmes," in the editions of 1621 
and 1633; Ainsworth's "Booke of Psalmes," 1644; 
and George Withers' '* Hymns and Songs of the 
Church," 1623. The modern collections are sufficiently 
well known to call for no special mention, which would, 
indeed, be impossible without extending this chapter 
beyond due limit. It is enough to say that nearly 
every psalm-book, whether good or bad, large or small, 
from the quaint productions of William Tan'sur to the 
more recent works of Havergal, Hopkins, Stainer, 
Gauntlett, Parr, Dibdin, and others, is in the library. 
The American collections are only represented by the 
modern publications of Lowell Mason, Bradbury & 
Hastings, Hodges, Ives, Fillmore, Moore, Woodbury, 
Zeuner, etc. The early works of Billings, Cotton 
Mather, and others, are strangely enough not in the 
library at all. The foreign psalmodies date from 
1538, when " Ein Hubsch neu Gesangbuch" was pub- 
lished at Ulm. This is the first Protestant hymn-book 
ever issued, and is on that account of extreme value. 
Luther s "Gelstliche Lieder und Psalmen," Nurerabei^, 
1563, a beautiful work with curious engraved bordera, 
is one of the gems of the collection. " Psalmen des 
Kciniglichen Propheten Davids," Heidelberg, 1578, is 
another early and scarce work. Without entering upon 
any classification f9r this section we may name at ran- 



THE EUING LIBRARY. 189 

dom as possessing considerable interest for students of 
psalmody, the Danish ^'Psalmebog" of Berggreen, 
1853; Hurlebusch's Dutch ''Psalmen," 1766; Um- 
breit's "Allgemeines Choral-Buch," 1811; ''I Sacri 
Salmi di David messi in rime volgari Italiane," 1664 ; 
the Rouman collections of Grass, 1683, and Gonzen- 
bach, 1733; Marot and Beza's versions (French), 
numerous editions from 1560; the Bohemian edition of 
Streyce, ]618, and many others of no less interest 
though more generally known, and in consequence less 
requiring notice. 

In addition to the psalters and collections of 
sacred music above described, there are a number of 
hymnaries, liturgical works, and other books connected 
with the cliurch service, which the lack of proper 
facilities for examination prevents our describing in 
detail. They are, however, old and rare works, worthy 
of a better fate than is reserved for them in the cata- 
logue of the Euing Librarj^ where they are jumbled 
together at the end in a chaotic manner which reflects 
little credit on the compiler. 

The richness and variety of the department of 
secular vocal music would require more than double 
the space at our disposal to be adequately treated. 
Among the older works are John Abells " Collection 
of Songs in Several Languages," London, 1701. This 
is one of several such compilations by the same emi- 
nent vocalist, and is a somewhat rare book. A collec- 
tion of the madrigals of Arcadelt of 1543 is another 
rare book. Playford's " Banquet of Musick," 6 books, 
1688-92, is a valuable collection of songs, now becom- 
ing very scarce, and in a sense a standard work from 
which many later compilers have borrowed. Byrd's 
" Songs of Sundrie Natures^ some of Gravitie and 
others of Myrth,'" 1589, is a quaint and delightful 
specimen of a fine old master, whose *' Psalms'' has 
been formerly noticed. It is a very rare work, as, in- 
deed, are all of the 16th century jfublications, and its 



190 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

merits are as high as its market value. Carey's 
^* Musical Century/' 2 volumes, 1737-40, is a coUectioQ 
of ballads of much importance, and a collection of 
^' Choice Songs and Ayres " of date 1673 may be named 
as equally valuable. Among other rare collections 
may be named "Clio and Euterpe," 1762; "Comes 
Amoris," Lond., n.d. ; "Delicise Musicae," 1695-6; 
Arnold's "Essex Harmony," 1774 ; Faber's "Melodia 
Prudentianse," 1533 ; Forbes' " Cantus, Songs, and 
Fancies," third edition, Aberdeen, 1682 ; Hilton's 
" Catch that Catch Can," 1652 ; " Mercurius Musicus," 
1699-1701 ; "Parthenia, or the Maidenhead of the first 
Musick that ever was printed for the Virginals," com- 
posed by three famous master, William Byrd, Dr. 
John Bull, and Orlando Gibbons, 1655. In this book 
the difficulties invented by the older English writers of 
instrumental music are made fully apparent. Play- 
fords " Musical Companion," 1673, is a good collection 
of old catches, glees, airs, etc. The "Theatre of 
Music," 4 volumes, 1685-87, contains many beautiful 
airs to the words of contemporary poets. The ever- 
famous Tom D'Urfey is represented by a reprint of his 
" Pills to Purge Melancholy," and by " Choice New 
Songs," 1684. " Musica Transalpina," a collection of 
Italian madrigals published by Nicholas Yonge, 
1588-97, is a scarce and highly valuable work, the 
words of which are reprinted in Oliphant's "Musa 
Madrigalesca," 1837. Though the collections just 
named are valuable in many respects, the works by 
individual composers must be held to have a greater 
interest, and perhaps a greater value. We can only 
name Arne, Banister, Blow, Caccini, Corkine, Croft, 
Eccles, Este, Ford, Gamble, Gesualdo, Gibbons, 
Giovanelli, Greene, Greeting, Jones, Kapsbei^ger, 
King, Lawes, Pilkington, Porpora, Purcell, Ravens- 
croft, Ward, Weelkes, Willbye, and Wilson. Most of 
those just named are niadrigal writers celebrated in 
musical history, and whose works are still as fresh 



THE SUING LIBRARY. 191 

when first penned. The operatic section is repre- 
sented by most of the great names connected with 
the musical drama, and comprises works by Arne, 
Auber, Beethoven, Bellini, Benedict, Bishop, Boieldieu, 
Boyce, Campra, Cherubini, Cimarosa, Donizetti, Gluck, 
Gounod, Gr^try, Handel, Harold, Isouard, Lampe, 
Linley, Lully, Macfarren, Marschner, Mercadante, 
Meyerbeer, Mozart, Nicolai, Pacini, Paer, Purcell, 
Rossini, Rousseau, Shield, Spohr, Spontini, Storace, 
Verdi, Wallace, Weber, Winter, etc. The absence of 
Wagner, Balfe, Barnett, and a few others is a surpris- 
ing circumstance, when the catholicity of Mr. Euing's 
taste is taken into account. The collection of glees 
and catches is almost complete, and contains nearly 
every composer of importance from the middle of last 
century. Most of those are present in the original 
editions, which adds greatly to the value of the whole. 
Among more modem collections of songs are an 
"American Musical Miscellany" of date 1798. 
Berggreen's Danish Anthology, 1869, is a valuable 
national collection. Bickham's " Musical Entertainer " 
is a handsomely engraved work by a once celebrated 
writing-master. The Scottish songs are represented 
in the collections of Bremner, Butler, Campbell, Dale, 
Dun and Thomson, Elouis, Graham, Hamilton, John- 
son, Maver, Oswald, Parry, Ritson, Smith, George 
Thomson, W. Thomson, TurnbuU, and others; while 
the national collections of Germany, France, England, 
Wales, Ireland , Spain, and Switzerland, are well repre- 
sented in various valuable compilations. 

It now remains before concluding this chapter to 
notice two other divisions, namely, Instrumental Music 
and Miscellaneous, which form the two last in the 
classification fixed on a former page. The instru- 
mental division is not marked by any special wealth 
one way or another, and contains few examples of the 
more modem composers. Music for the organ and 
pianoforte, including some very valuable works of 



192 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Frescobaldi, bulks largely, but the number of full 
scores is not great. Beethoven is represented by a 
collection of full scores of his symphonies, and by his 
pianoforte works. Corelli's concertos for two violins, 
viola, and violoncello, with obligato, are present in 
seven quarto volumes, as edited by Geminiani, with 
several of his other works. Couperin, that rarest of 
harpsichord composers, is inadequately represented in 
a work of no great value. There are arrangements of 
the orchestral works of various masters for pianoforte, 
including Handel, . Haydn, Vanhall, and the Earl of 
Westmoreland, but the collection is on the whole much 
inferior to what might have been expected* The string 
quartets of Mozart, Haydn, and Mendelssohn are 
present entire, but the works in the same class by 
Boccherini and succeeding masters are not in the 
library at all. The whole of the instrumental division 
bears evidence of Mr. Euing*s want of sympathy with 
this form of music, and its presence seems more due to 
accident than design. The Miscellaneous contents of 
the library include sets of valuable musical journals, a 
set of the Musical Antiquarian Society publications, 
and a number of manuscript works, including auto- 
graphs of great musicians, etc. In this section must 
also be included a large number of works on musical 
aesthetics and collections of musical anecdotes and 
gossip, not properly coming under any of the headings 
we have used. 

Taken as a whole, the library is of surpassing 
interest and value to the musician, and should 
its treasures ever be made accessible to the public, it 
will no doubt prove of much influence, both in an edu- 
cational and artistic sense, in the future musical history 
of Glasgow. Tlie sliortcomings which must necessarily 
be apparent in this paper are in part due to the limited 
opportunities given the writer of making personal exam- 
ination of the books, and the catalogue proved but a poor 
substitute. What has been attempted will perhaps 



PROF. FERGUSON'S LIBRARY. 193 

serve to give interested persons a notion of the great 
value of a library which is virtually decaying in their 
midst ; while liberal-minded persons, whether musical 
or not, will perhaps be brought to think that an effort 
should b^ made to recover for the public benefit a 
treasury of musical lore at present withheld on not 
over-reasonable grounds. 



CHAPTER Xin. 

LIBRARY OP JOHN FERGUSON, ESQ., M.A., PROFESSOR OF 
CHEMISTRY IN THE UNIVERSITY OP GLASGOW. 

Character and growth of the Collection — Volumes 
from great Libraries, by famous PHnters and 
Binders^ and with the Autographs of Great Men — 
Fifteenth Century Books — Volume from the Press of 
Machlinia — Vincent de Beauvais' Specidum, the 
largest Book printed in the Fifteenth Century 
— English Literature — Foreign Literature — Gipsy 
Books — Scotland — Darien Tracts — Scottish Topo- 
graphy — Scottish Prose Writers — Works from the 
Press of Raban^ Aberdeen's first Printer — Scottish 
Poets — Copy of the first Work printed in Glasgow — 
Woi^ks of Glasgow Men — Boyd's ''Last Battell of the 
Soule in Death " — Early Scottish Scientific Writers 
— Fijie Art — Chemistry, Manuscripts, Histories and 
Bibliographies — Alchemy and Early Chemistry — 
Works on Phosphorus, Assaying and Analysis, Dis- 
tillation, Minerals and Metals — Demonology, Witch- 
craft, Magic, Mysticism — Bibliography — Classics — 
Conclusion. 

This is in many respects a remarkable library, and while 
it stands undoubtedly by itself among the libraries of 

13 



194 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Glasgow, there are probably few exactly similar to 
it among the private libraries of the country, if not of 
even a wider area. This is due no doubt, in the first 
place, to the unusual nature of the chief collection, 
but also in a marked degree to the accurate knowledge 
of what to look for, and the unwearied watchfulness of 
the owner. So rare are some of the works it con- 
tains that they hardly occur for sale twice in a lifetime. 
Especially is this so in regard to many of the early 
works on alchemy, in English and other languages. 

Professor Ferguson's professional studies led him in 
the first place to form an extensive chemical library, 
embracing not merely the modern text-books which 
were in a way necessities, but the older works, now 
by the rapid advance of the science abandoned by all 
but the student of what may be called the archeBology 
of chemistry. To a thorough worker the speculations 
of the forerunners of the modern chemist are always of 
very great interest. Hence the collection of old chemical 
books, then of works on the occult sciences as illustrat- 
ing these, and, as a sort of corollary, books on witch- 
craft. Like all libraries formed in the true booklover s 
fashion — carefully tasting every purchase — not buying 
so rapidly as to lose the pleasure distinct and by itself 
of each new acquisition — the alchemical and the general 
collections have grown silently with the years, until 
their dimensions when ascertained astonish even their 
owner. 

But the library is rich in several respects besides 
alchemy. Indeed it is full of surprises. With no 
pretensions to being complete — wth no design on the 
part of the owner to make it so — some of the smaller 
sections challenge our attention by their high interest. 
With the one exception of alchemy, hardly a subject 
has been followed out to any notable extend but every 
book having been bought for some historical or literary 
purpose, the merits of the sections depend mainly on 
their being representative and select This 



PROF. FERGUSON'S LIBRARY. 19c 

absence of desire to form large collections on indivi- 
dual subjects increases our surprise to find works of 
excessively great rarity and value which would form 
the nuclei and are the desiderata of many special 
libraries. It is idle, of course, to speak of the 
few fifteenth century books which are usually to be 
found in the best of private — not noble — libraries as 
a collection, when we remember that Hain mentions 
16,299 works all printed before the year 1500, but 
when we find so many as nearly seventy fifteenth 
century books in a small private library, the fact is 
worthy of notice, and a legitimate subject for extended 
remark, the more so that the volumes have not been 
secured because of their early date merely but for 
quite independent reasons. 

Professor Ferguson would disclaim being reckoned a 
collector of Glasgow books. Yet we find among those 
having connection with the city a copy of the first 
document printed in Glasgow; a copy of Zachary 
Boyd's " Last Battell of the Soule in Death," having 
the rare 1628 title-page; the "Academiae Glasguensis 
XAPI2THPI0N ; " which contains congratulatory odes 
from members of the University and Z. Boyd's 
*' Panegyric to Charles I." when he came to Scotland 
to be crowned ; the works of some early natives of 
the city, and other valuable local works. The same 
remark applies to most of the other departments. 

The total number of volumes in the collection is above 
6,000. The works on alchemy are much in the condi- 
tion they have been acquired in — contemporary covers 
in most cases — but the larger part of the remainder 
of the library is in elegant modern binding. Some of 
the volumes have come from famous libraries, such as 
those of Thuanus, Gordon of Gordonstoun, Sunder- 
land, Beckford, Hamilton, Syston Park; some have 
been bound by celebrated binders, as Roger Payne, 
Derome, Lewis, Mackenzie; a few examples of printing 
from thd famed presses of Aldus, Stephanas, Froben, 



196 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Bodoni, Elzevier^ Foulis, Baskerville, and others, are 
in th(3 library; and among the books bearing autographs 
of well-known persons, not got, however, on that ac- 
count, there are some with the names of Bishop Lati- 
mer the martyr, John Locke, Laurence Sterne, Antoine 
Laurent Lavoisier, the distinguished chemist, who was 
guillotined during the French Revolution, Hadrian 
Be verland, Matthew Mackaile, Robert Boyd of Trocfa - 
rig. Principal of the University of Glasgow, his cousin, 
Zachary Boyd, William Motherwell, Robert Souihey, 
and others. 

The books printed in the fifteenth centuiy claim 
our first attention. Only a few of the more mterest- 
ing have been selected for notice. The first is by 
Petrus de Abano or Apono, and is entitled " Tractatus 
de Remediis Venenorum." It bears no date, but ia 
undoubtedly a fifteenth century production, and is 
probably earlier than the dated editions. Abano took 
his surname from the village of Abano, near Padua, 
where he was born about the year 1246. He studied 
at Padua, Constantinople, and Paris, returning to the 
first-named place, where he practised for many years. 
He attained great fame for his abilities as a physician, 
and for his studies in alchemy and astrology. He was 
accused to the Inquisition of having communications 
with the devil, and was found guilty. Meanwhile he 
died, and his body having been hid, his portrait, in 
default of his remains, was publicly burnt by order of 
the Inquisition. Of the " De Secretis " of Albertus 
Magnus there are several editions, including that 
I)rinted by Machlinia in London, about 1483. It 
need hardly be said that every scrap of printed matter 
produced in England in the fifteenth century is of the 
highest value. This volume was purchased at the sale 
of the Hamilton Library. The " Mensa Philosophica ** 
of Anguilbert is a work which is sometimes erroneously 
ascribed to Michael Scot. Nothing is known about 
the author except that he was a native of Ireland* 



PROF. FERGUSON'S LIBRARY, 197 

There were several editions. The present volume is 
without a date, but was printed at Louvain by 
Johannes de Westphalia. Our next volume, the "Car- 
mina" of Giovanni Aurelio Augurello, was printed 
at Verona in 1491, and is the first edition. It was 
afterwards enlarged and reprinted at Venice by Aldus 
in 1505, of which edition there is also a fine copy. The 
most celebrated production of this writer is his poem 
on the art of making gold, which was consulted by 
the alchemists, and often reprinted. It is alluded to 
farther on. We mention St. Augustine's "Liber de 
Sancta Virginitate," which also wants a date, merely 
to note that a work of his is among the incunabula. 
St. Augustine's works were so popular that Panzer is 
able to give a list of 170 editions printed in the 
fifteenth century. The above is the only edition of the 
" De Virginitate " printed during that period. 

The " De Proprietatibus Rerum," Strasburg, 1485, by 
Bartholomew Glanvil, is an earlier edition of a work 
noticed in the account of Stirling's Library (page 90). 
There is also the French version, printed at Lyons by 
Jean Cyber, without date. This book was not seen by 
Hain, but it is described in detail in the ''Transac- 
tions of the Archaeological Society of Glasgow," vol ii. 
The earliest of the volumes with a date is by Cardinal 
Bessarion, " Adversus Calumniatorem Platonis," printed 
at Rome in 1469 by the first printers there, Sweynheym 
and Pannartz. Not many of Bessarion's works were 
printed, and those few are scarce. This was the first. 
Of three years' later date is a work by Burlseus, or 
Burley, an Englishman, " De Vita Philosophorum," 
supposed to have been printed at Nurnberg by Anthony 
Koburger in 1472. As a mere specimen of typo- 
graphy this is a very choice book. " Historia Tripar- 
tita Ecclesiastica ex Socrate, Sozomeno et Theodoreto," 
printed by Schtissler, Augsburg, 1472, is the prin- 
cipal work of Cassiodorus, and is one of the rarest 
editions. Of the illustrious French theologian, John 



198 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Gerson, there are some tracts, printed at Cologne by 
Ulrich Zell, the first Cologne printer and the instructor 
of Caxton. Others of the fifteenth century books are 
— " Pimander," by Hermes Trismegistus, Treviso, 
1471, the first edition; *' Lucidarius," by Honorius, 
1499 ; " De Origine et Laudibus Scientiarum," etc., by 
Zacharias Lilius, Florence, 1496; the same writer's 
** Orbis Breviarium," Venice, no date ; " Malleus 
Maleficarum," by Institor, printed at Niimberg in 
1494 by Koburger ; " Epistolae," by Franciscus Philel- 
phus, Venice, printed by Vindelin de Spira ; " Psal- 
terium," Venice, Aldus, without date, but about 
1498 ; "De Situ Orbis," by Poniponius Mela, printed 
at Venice in 1482 bv Ratdolt: several editions of 
Michael Scot's " Liber Physionomiae," including that 
of 1477, the first dated one; "Liber Facetiarum," by 
Poggio, Valdarfer, Milan, 1477 ; Polydore Vergil's 
" Proverbiorum Libellus," 1498, the first book on the 
subject, and extremely rare; the first edition of the 
same author's " De Inventoribus Rerum," 1499. We 
have reserved for last mention the *' Speculum Quadru- 
plex," in 10 volumes folio, printed about 1473. This 
gigantic work, the largest printed in the fifteenth cen- 
tury, was written by Vincent de Beauvais, a Dominican 
monk of the thirteenth century. It is divided into 
four parts : Doctrinalc, Ilistorlale, Nat urate. Morale^ 
and consists of a digest of the authors extensive read- 
ing on every subject. The last division, the Morale^ 
is probably not by him. Notwithstanding its immense 
size, this work was reprinted no fewer than ten times 
before the end of the fifteenth century. 

Departing somewhat from the classification laid 
down in tlie intnxluction, we note that the library con- 
tains many of the standard writers on the literature 
and history and analysis of the English language. 
The following English authors are represented eitlier 
by complete works, collected editions, or separate 
works: — A' Beckett, Addison, \V. H. Ainsworth, 



PROF, FERGUSON'S LIBRARY, 199 

Amory, Armstrong, Aubrey, Austen, Roger Bacon, 
Francis Bacon, P. J. Bailey, R. Baxter, Beckford, 
Beddoes, Boswell, Berkeley, Blair, Bloomfield, 
Borrow, Bowring, Brooke, Tom Brown, Sir Thomas 
Browne, Robert Browning, Bunyan, Burke, Miss 
Bumey, R. Burton, Bishop Butler, S. Butler, The 
Brontes, Byron, Carlyle, complete, including his 
translation of Legendre, Chapman, Chatterton, 
Campbell, Chaucer, Clough, Coleridge, Collins, Con- 
greve, Fenimore Cooper, Cowley, Cowper, Erasmus 
Darwin, Sir John Davies, De Quiocey, Defoe, Dickens, 
Disraeli, Fielding, Fletcher, Ford, Fuller, Gibbon, 
Goldsmith, Greene, Hallam, Herbert, Herrick, Holmes, 
Hone, Hood, Hook, R. H. Home, Hume, James, 
Keats, Kingsley, Kirke White, Lamb, M. G. Lewis, 
Locke, Longlande, Lyly, Macaulay, Marlowe, Hugh 
Miller, Milton, Moore, Morris, Otway, Peacock, Peele, 
Percy, Percy Society, Pope, Reach, Radcliflfe, Richard- 
son, Robertson, Rogers, Ruskin, Reynolde, Shake- 
speare, Shelley, Smollett, Swinburne, Adam Smith, 
Sydney Smith, Spenser, Sheridan, Thackeray, Thom- 
son, Tennyson, Walton and Cotton, Webster, Whewell, 
Wordsworth, Wycherley, Young, and a number of 
minor authors whom we need not enumerate. Of 
Americans there are — Hawthorne, Holmes, Emerson, 
Poe, Thoreau, and some minor writers. Among the 
works calling for special notice are the second edition 
of the ** Vision of Piers Ploughman," printed by 
Robert Crowley, London, 1550 (Crowley printed the 
first edition, also in 1550); R. Scot's '^Perfite 
Platforme of a Hoppe-Garden," London, 1576; Lyly's 
*'Euphues," 1606, and ''Euphues and his Eng- 
land, "1609, both printed at London for WilUam Leake; 
'' The History of King Arthur," 3 volumes, 1634. The ' 
works of Thomas Love Peacock, humorist and satirist, 
are in few libraries in their original form as they are 
here. The works of Richardson, Miss Bumey, and 
Mrs. Radcliffe are also in first or early editions, and 



200 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

the same is true in part of the works of Smollett, 
Brooke, Maturin, Sir W. Scott, M. G. Lewis, DickoDs,* 
Thackeray, Keats, Borrow, Browning, Clough, Swin- 
burne, and others. 

Foreign literature forms a not inconsiderable section. 
Germany appears in the Nibelungenlied and other old 
poetry, and in works of Fischart, Goethe, Schiller. 
Lessing, Klopstock, Uhland, Fouqud, Heine, Gressner, 
Komer, Freiligrath, Wieland, Salis, Hofimann, Ebers, 
Freytag, and even Schumann. The collection of 
French literature is large and choice, but is distin- 
guished less by the presence of the ordinary French 
classics than by fine editions and copies of very 
curious and rare works, bibliographical essays and 
catalogues, illustrated and other fine books and reprints. 
Italian literature is not absent. The leading names 
are Dante, Petrarch, Boccaccio, Machiavelli, Giordano 
Bruno, Vico, Tasso, and Pulci. Among the curiosities 
in the department of foreign literature are the works 
(poetical and scientific) of Lomonossofi*, and of some 
others in Kussian ; of Adam Mickiewicz, and others 
in Polish ; of various authors in Dutch ; native poems 
and translations in Icelandic, and a considerable num- 
ber of works on Iceland. There are, besides, histories 
of foreign literature, granmiars, dictionaries, and books 
not only in the European but also in some of the 
Eastern tongues. To this group also belong the 
jjipsy books, of which there is a curious collection. 
It contains Thomasius "de Cingaris," 1677; Vulcanius 
** de Literis Lingua et Getarum," 1597, in which is 
one of the earliest lists of gipsy words, the works of 
(Jrellmann, Puchmayer, Paspati, Kogalnitchan, Pott, 
Miklosich, Borrow (including his translation of the 
Gospel of St. Luke into Spanish gipsy), and a number 
of other tracts. 

Of books relating to Scotland there are many 
of interest. Among a variety of histories we note the 
first edition of John Major's "De Historia Gentis 



PROF, FERGUSON'S LIBRARY. 201 

Scotorum/* Paris, 1521, written when he was a regent 
in Glasgow University ; Baillie's " Letters,'' Spang's 
" Rerum Nuper in Regno Scotiae Gestarum Historia," 
1641, and eight tracts on the Darien scheme. The 
literature of this subject is extremely scarce, and we 
therefore name those in Professor Ferguson's pos- 
session : — 

Defence of the Scots Settlement at Darien. Edinburgh, 1699. 

Defence of the Scots abdicating Darien. Noplace, 1700. 

The same, another edition. No place, 1700. 

An Enquiry into the Causes of the Miscarriage of the Scots 
Colony. Glasgow, 1700. 

Short Vindication of Phil. Scots Defence of the Scots abdi- 
cating Darien. Lond., 1700. 

Scotland's Grievances relating to Darien. 1700. 

Full and Exact Collection. No place, 1700. 

Borland's Memoirs of Darien. Glasgow, 1716. 

The works on Scottish topography are numerous, 
and some of them are rare. The following we think 
w^orth naming : — Roy's '* Military Antiquities"; Mar- 
tin's *'St. Kilda," 1698; Martin's *' Western Islands,'^ 
two copies, one dated 1703, which is mentioned in 
all bibliographies as the first edition, the other dated 
1673 — the title-page shows no sign of having been 
tampered with, and appears to be contemporary with 
the rest of the book ; fine copies of the " Baronial 
Antiquities of Scotland," by Billings; the *' Antiqui- 
ties of Scotland," by Capt. Grose ; Sir Walter Scott's 
*' Border Antiquities " and '* Provincial Antiquities " ; 
Pennycuik's " Tweeddale," first edition, 1715, Nimmo's 
''Stirlingshire," and Ures " Rutherglen." 

Dividing Scottish authors into those who have 
written in prose and those who have adopted, with 
more or less success, verse as a medium for conveying 
their thoughts, we find in the former class the following 
authors : — Sir Thomas Urquhart, represented by his 
" Exquisite Jewel," 1652, and his translation of 
Rabelais, 1664 ; Patrick Scot, by his *' Table Book 
for Princes," 1621, and "Vox Vera," 1625. George 



202 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Dalgarno is represented by his "Ars Signorum," 
1661; Zachary Boyd, by the "Last Battell of the 
Soule in Death," which will be spoken of under the 
head of Glasgow ; Patrick Forbes, by his ** Eubulus," 
Aberdeen, 1627, another production of .Eaban's press ; 
David Dickson, minister at Irvine, "Short Explanation 
of the Epistle of Paul to the Hebrews," Aberdeefi, 
1635, also from the press of Raban; John Napier of 
Merchiston, " Ouverture de tons les Secrets de 
TApocalypse," printed at La Rochelle in 1605 ; John 
Cameron, by ** Traicte Auquel sont examinez les Pre- 
jugez de ceux de FEglise Romaine contre la Religion 
Reformee," La Rochelle, 1618; and the ** Myrothe- 
cium," 1677; D. Camerarius, "De Scotorum Forti- 
tudine," 1631; Adam Blackwood's " Martyre de la 
Royno d'Escosse," 1587, and his " Opera Omnia," 
1644. Among quite recent writers there are Robert 
Chambers (nearly a complete set of his works), John 
Gait (first editions of his novels and other works), Sir 
Walter Scott, James Hogg, and various others, and 
works on the history of Scottish literature, catalocrues 
of writers, biographies, and miscellaneous tracts. 

Turning to Poetry we find the following collections, 
most of them well known, some of high value, and all of 
them well worth having: — Cromek's Remains, Sibbald*8 
Chronicle, Pinkerton's Scottish Ballads, Scottish Poems, 
and Ancient Scottish Poems ; Laing s Early Popular 
Poetry, Fugitive Scottish Poetry and Early Metrical 
Tales; Morison's Scottish Ballads and Scots Poets; 
Mi)thcrweirs Minstrelsy, and Harp of Renfrewshire; 
and the leading individual works — Pinkerton's edition of 
Barbour s ** Bruce/' one or two editions of Blind 
Harry's " Wallace," reprints of Henryson, Dunbar, 
Lyndsay, Lithgow, Montgomery, Hamilton of Ban- 
gour, Sempill of Beltrees, Drummond of Hawthomden, 
Gawain Douglas, also his translation of Virg^ra 
yEneid, Ruddiman's edition, 1710 ; Alex. Scott's 
Poems, 1821, and Glasgow, 1883, one of six printed on 



PROF, FERGUSON'S LIBRARY. 203 

vellum; Leyden's "Complaint," Wyntoun's "Chron- 
icle," George Buchanan's Poems and Psalms, in Latin, 
Paris, 1566; "Jephtha," the French translation, Paris, 
1573, both from the press of Stephanus; the rare 
volume of the Admirable Crichtons "In Appulsu 
ad Celeberrimam urbem Venetam de Propria Statu 
Carmen," printed by Aldus, Venice, 1580 ; the "Poemata 
Sacra" of Patrick Adamson, 1619; Pennycuik's 
"Poems," 1715; the original edition of Sir Thomas 
Urquhart's "Epigrams," 1641 ; John Knox's "Psalms," 
Edinburgh, And. Hart, 1622; Andrew Ramsay's 
" Poemata Sacra," Edinburgh, 1633; Arthur Johnston's 
" Epigrammata," Aberdeen, 1632 (another of Raban's 
productions) ; Colvil's " Whigg's Supplication," Edin- 
burgh, 1695 ; and St. Andrews, 1796; Ross's "Helenore," 
Aberdeen, 1789; the first edition of Home's Collected 
Works, 1760; various editions of Burns; and the 
works of some minor poets. 

The collection contains the ordinary histories of 
Glasgow, Fairbairn's " Relics of Ancient Architecture 
in Glasgow," Swan's "Views," etc., etc., a considerable 
number of works connected with the University, and 
a few specimens of the printing of Anderson, Robert 
Sanders, W. Duncan, the Poulises, James Knox, 
R. Chapman, and others. That from the press of 
Anderson is no less than a copy of the "Declaration 
of the Assembly," which met at Glasgow in 1638, 
printed by Anderson in the same year, and having the 
proud distinction of being the first document printed in 
the city. It is so fully spoken of at page 146 (Mitchell 
Library) that further description here is unnecessary. 
This copy is bound with a number of pamphlets similar 
in size, and all relating to meetings or deliverances of 
the Assembly, some printed by Robert Young, who 
printed the obnoxious " Laud Prayer Book," some by 
Anderson at his Edinburgh press, and some by other 
Edinburgh printers. 

The volumes by the Sanderses consist of Bar- 



20* THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

m 

hour's •* Bruce," Blind Harry's "Wallace," Lyndsay's 
"Works," Toldervy's " Foot out of the Snare," 1679; 
Durham's " Clavis Cantici," 1723; "An Explicatory 
Catechism," 1719; the " Gesta Romanonim," 1713, and 
other works. Among hooks hy Glasgow men, or men 
connected in some way with the city, a few are very 
rare. The first place is due to Zachary Boyd's '' Last 
Battell of the Soule in Death," usually supposed to 
have heen first printed in 1629, but clearly established 
as having been produced a year earlier. This copy, 
which is a fine one, is in two volumes, and has the 
1629 title-pages, also the dedications and other pre- 
liminary matter which accompany this issue, and it 
possesses the rare 1628 title-page. For a further ac- 
count of this volume the reader is referred to the 
chapter dealing with Mr. Guild's library, where 
the whole question is discussed at length. William 
Hegat proclaims his connection with Glasgow on 
the title-page of his " Gallia Victrix," printed at 
Poictiers in 1598, a work which is not mentioned in 
any of our bibliographical dictionaries. Peter Lowe, 
whose *'Chirurgery" is in the library, was a noted medico 
of his time, and the founder of the Glasgow Faculty of 
Physicians and Surgeons. He died at Glasgow in 
1612. His work was so much esteemed that it went 
through five editions, and was translated into a num- 
ber of continental languages. Ninian Paterson's "Epi- 
grammata," 1678, and his '* Moristonus Martyr," 1687, 
are worth mentioninor. Amonjj Glaso:ow curiosities 
are a number of the little books for children published 
by Lumsden, and illustrated by Bewick. 

Early Scottish literature is so entirely made up of 
theological, religious, and poetical works that one 
rarely comes across a book on any subject beyond 
tliese. There were a few, however, on physical science, 
and those which are in the collection may be mentioned 
more on account of their rarity in the literature of the 
country than for any other reason. Michael Scot is 



PROF, FERGUSON'S LIBRARY. 205 

represented by numerous editions of his " Physionomia," 
and by his commentary on the Sphere of Sacrobosco, 
Bologna, 1495, of which this is the only separate 
edition. At a much later date came Thomas Morison, 
an Aberdonian, who wrote against the alchemists " De 
Causis Metallorum," Francof., 1593; William Davis- 
son, first professor of chemistry in the Jardin des 
Plantes, at Paris: " Oblatio Salis," Paris, 164l, 
" Curriculus Chymiatricus," Paris, 1634 ; " Philo- 
sophia Pyrotechnica," Paris, 1635, 1640, and the 
French translation, Paris, 1651; and " Commentariorum 
in Severini Ideam Medicinse . . . Prodromus," Hagae 
Com., 1660 ; Gordon, " Pharmaco-Pinax," Aberdeen, 
1625, printed by Raban; Patrick Scot, '^Tillage of 
Light,". 1623, a rare alchemical tract; John Napier, of 
Merchiston, " Rhabdologia," Edinburgh, And. Hart, 
1617 ; Duncan Bornet, an Aberdonian, " latro Chy- 
micus," Francof., 1616, and in German, Frankfurt, 
1618; Christopher Irvine, " Medicina Magnetica," 
1656, presentation copy from the author to Dr. A. 
Pennycuick of Newhall ; Sinclair's " Hydrostaticks," 
1672; Peter Lowe's " Chirurgery," just mentioned, 
1654; John MaccoU, "latria Chymica," London, 
1622; Matthew Mackaile's " Macis Macerata," Aber- 
deen, Forbes, 1677; " Fons Moffetensis," Edinburgh, 
1659; "Moffet Well," Edinburgh, 1664; "DeCancri 
Curatione," Roterod., 1675; " Diversities of Salts and 
Spirits," Aberdeen, Forbes, 1683 ; Sir Thomas Urqu- 
hart's curious trigonometrical work, " Trissotetras," 
London, 1645; David Person of Loghlands, "Varieties 
. . . wherein the principall Heads of diverse Sciences 
are illustrated," London, 1635, a perfect copy, clean 
and unused. 

Besides those already mentioned there are a few 
other books interesting in the history of Scotch typo- 
graphy. Daniel Tilenus : "ParsBnesis ad Scotos, Gene- 
vensis Disciplinae Zelotas," printed at St. Andrews 
by Edward Raban, 1620. This is one of the very 



206 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

early productions of Raban's press. Mr. Edmond 
in his *' Aberdeen Printers " names four works before 
this one, two of them without place or printer's name, 
all of them produced in 1620. Signature Al, which 
was wanting in the copy which Mr. Edmond examined 
in the Edinburgh University Library, is present in this 
copy. There are also one or two books from the 
Kirkbride press, and a copy of Ged's *' Sallust," the 
first book printed from stereotype plates. 

Of works of an artistic kind there are collections of 
portraits by Freher, Imperialis, Reusner, Houbraken, 
Lodge, Pinkerton, Walpole, Turner's " England and 
Wales," Ruskin's principal works, Durer, and other 
illustrated books, topographical, antiquarian, and lite- 
rary. 

The section devoted to Chemistry amounts to quite 
two-fifths of the entire library, and of that, half is 
composed of modern treatises, journals, text books, 
pamphlets, and reprints, while the remainder consists 
of a collection devoted to the elucidation of the history 
and progress of the science. Beyond its extent and 
variety, the former division, including books issued 
within the last forty or fifty years, calls for no special 
notice. 

The latter division requires more particular con- 
sideration. It contains — First, manuscripts; second, 
histories and bibliographies; third, collections of tracts 
printed together ; fourth, individual works of different 
writers; fifth, collections upon special topics — minerals, 
metals, mining, distillation, assaying, analysis, phos- 
phorus. 

Manuscripts. — Without having pretensions to any- 
thing valuable, this department contains from 80 to 
100 alchemical manuscripts. Among these is a 
manuscript of Geber's works, in Latin, of Saec. xiv.- 
XV., a translation of the same into German, Saec. 
xvii.-xviii., several copies of the '^ Rosarium Fhiloso- 
phorum," a very popular treatise, some in Latin, one 



PROF. FERGUSON'S LIBRARY. 207 

in German, one in French ; Isaac HoUandus' " Testa- 
mentum," Basil Valentin's "Twelve Keys," Translation 
of Drebbel's "De Quinta Essentia;" of the ''Enchiridion" 
of d'Espagnet, English Translation of R. LuUy's "Testa- 
mentum," never printed ; a Collection of Alchemical 
Tracts in German, from Paracelsus, Ssec. xvi. ; "De 
Chemia Libellus " of Senior Zadith : Treatise in 
English by Humphrey Lock ; a German translation 
of Maier's " Atalanta Fugiens ;" a large foho volume, 
dated April 23, 1667, bearing the autograph of 
Johannes Kunckel v. Lowenstein, and containing all 
the processes worked by him in the Elector's labora- 
tory at Dresden, many collections of excerpts, notes, 
and receipts in various languages. 

There is, secondly, a considerable series of histories 
and bibliographies of chemistry from the first known 
history — Vallensis, " De Antiquitate Chemise," Paris, 
1561; and Trevisan " De Chemia, Opus Historicum," 
Strasburg, 1567 — down to the most recent. It in- 
cludes, of course, the standard works of Dufresnoy, 
Wiegleb, Gmelin, Weigel, Kopp, Hoefer, Thomson, 
Schmieder,Wagner,Gerding,Brande, Dumas, Chevreul, 
Figuier,01aus Borrichius,Conring; Morhofs'^Epistola," 
the very rare *'Beytrag zur Geschichte der hoheren 
Chemie;" the original dissertations of Bergman, of 
Boerhaave, and smaller works on the subject. 

Of Bibliographies specially devoted to Chemistry 
there are — Borel, '^ Bibliotheca Chemica," Paris, 
1654, Heidelberg, 1656; Cooper, '^Catalogue/' 1675; 
Baumer, " Bibliotheca," 1782; Rothscholtz, "Biblio- 
theca Chemica," 1735; Reuss, " Repertorium," 1803; 
Fuch's"Repertorium;"Zuchold,1859; Ruprecht, 1872; 
WolflF, 1845 ; besides special lists appended to treatises. 
There are biographical sketches, inaugural and other 
dissertations dealing either with the history of chem- 
istry as a whole, or with that of some epoch, or of a 
particular discovery, or of some substance or class of 
substances, or with the progress of the science in some 



:>08 THE LIBRARIES OF QLA8Q0W. 

particular town, or school, or laboratory. Such 
tations are numerous, and belonging as they do to 
what is considered usually the ephemeral literature of 
the subject, printed in small nunibers, never appearing 
for sale, but distributed privately, it is very difficult 
indeed to make any collection of them at all without 
expending much trouble and waiting for a long time. 

It contains, thirdly, a selected representation of 
chemical literature from the Middle Age writers down 
to the modern period. This literature falls into four 
main classes — that of the alchemical period, that of the 
medical and pharmaceutical period, that of the phlo- 
gistic period, and that of the oxygen period. Though 
there is a historical succession in these, there is not a 
strictly chronological one, for they overlap, and the 
alchemical literature runs on parallel with that of the 
three which followed it. 

The attempt has been made to get the most remark- 
able and illustrative works belonging to each, the idea 
being first to form a historical library ; but at the same 
time much care has been taken to secure the rarest books 
and those in the finest condition. Though, therefore, 
there may be other collections numerically larger, there 
(^annot be many with more curious and valuable books. 

The early literature is usually in Latin ; the later 
literature, especially of alchemy, is chiefly in Grerman. 
But what distinguishes this present collection further 
is the number of alchemical books in English, mostly 
printed in the seventeenth century. These books have 
of late years almost entirely disappeared, and hardly 
over occur in catalogues. 

Alchemical literature has some peculiarities. Many 
of the treatises, especially if they were by notable 
authors, seemed to have been in constant demand and 
were printed over and over again without any variation. 
When the older editions had been worn out and the 
<lemand still continued, it became the habit for some 
one, a publisher perhaps, or a believer in the al- 



PROF. FERGUSON'S LIBRARY. 209 

chemist's pursuits, to make a collection of these 
tracts, and print them in one or more volumes. Then, 
curiously enough, these collections were sometimes re- 
printed, or new collections were formed out of the older. 
This library contains a very large number of these 
different collections, both in their original and later 
forms. 

Fourthly, individual works of difterent writers. 
To enter into a description of the uncommon books 
brought together would take a volume — in fact, would 
involve a history of alchemy and early chemistry. 
That, indeed, was the object of the collection, but a few 
may be noted. 

The earliest modern writer on chemical topics is the 
Arab, Geber, who is said to have died in 776-7. Till 
the end of the fifteenth century his writings circulated 
in manuscript. They were then printed, and subse- 
quently numerous editions appeared. They were 
translated into German, French, and English, and they 
were inserted in the collected editions of tracts. 
With two or three exceptions, the whole of the editions, 
so far as they are known, are in the present library. 
The collection is probably one of the largest in exist- 
ence. 

In chronological order, but long after Geber, comes 
Joannes de Garlandia or Hortulanus. His tracts, " De 
Mineralibus," " Compendium Alchemise," " Diction- 
arium Alchemicum," etc., were first printed at Basil in 
1560, and again in 1571. Both are present. There 
are also Morienus' "De Transfiguratione Metallorum," 
first edition, Paris, 1559, very rare, and a very fine copy 
in vellum, with the arms of Thuanus ; Roger Bacon, 
"Thesaurus Chymicus," both editions, Franckfurt, 
160e3, 1620, and the extremely rare English translation, 
" The Mirror of Alchemy," Lond. 1597, and the equally 
rare French translation, Lyons, 1557, Of Kaymund 
LuUy, who w^as considered an adept, and about whom 
so many stories are told, there are "De Sdcretis 

14 



210 THE LIBRARIES OF OLASOOW. 

Naturae," Venice, 1542; Numberg, 1546; Cologne, 
1567; *' Codicillus," Cologne, 1563, 1572; "Liber 
Mercuriorum," Cologne, 1567; " Testamentum," 
Cologne, 1566; '* Libelli,'* Basil, 1600, and some 
others. 

Petrus Ferrariensis, or Petrus Bonus, was a con- 
temporary of Lully. He followed the views of Geber, 
and defended the art from those who attacked it even 
then. His chief work is entitled '^ Margarita Pre- 
eiosa," and it was first edited by Janus Lacinius, and 
printed by Aldus at Venice in 1546. Editions fol- 
lowed in other places in 1554, 1572, 1602, 1608, and a 
German translation in 1714. All these are in the 
collection. 

George Ripley, canon of Bridlington, about 1480, 
wrote an English poem entitled the "Compound of 
Alchemy." The first edition was printed at London in 
] 591, and is very rare. It was reprinted by Ashmole. 
Both are present. Philip Ulstad wrote "Coelum 
Philosophorum " ; in the collection there are two folio 
editions, Strasburg, 1535, and one exactly similar with- 
out place and date, and there is the German transla- 
tion, Frankfurt, 1551, folio, the late reprint of 1739, 
and other Latin editions, Lyons, 1557, and Paris, 1544. 
Of the poem on goldmaking by Augurellus, who lived 
at the beginning of the sixteenth century and dedicated 
it to Pope Leo X., there are some interesting editions: 
Venice, 1515 ; French prose translation, 1548 ; French 
verse, 1549, and others. By Pantheus, " Ars Trans- 
mutatoria," Venice, 1519, and "Voarchadumia," Venice, 
1 530 (the first editions), and others. By Joannes Pious 
Mirandulanus, **De Auro," 1586, first edition, "Liber 
omnium rarissimus," says Vogt, and valuable as contain- 
ing one of the earliest allusions to the Greek alchemistB. 
Jacques Gohory, a follower of Paracelsus, edited the 
*' Livre de la Fontaine Perilleuse," with notes ; Paris, 
1572, a very rare poetical tract. 

Of Paracelsus himself there are between forty and 



PROF. FERGUSON'S LIBRARY. 211 

'fifty different works and editions, both separate and in 
collections, besides biographies and dissertations illus- 
trating them. Paracelsus is a special feature of the 
library. Some of the works have been already described 
in " Bibliographia Paracelsica " by Professor Ferguson, 
which is to be further supplemented. 

Other notable alchemical writers are Basil Valentine, 
Thurneysser, Ventura, Gratarolo, Nazari, Blaise de 
Vigenere, Gasto Claveus, Penotus, and Dorn (the 
commentator of Paracelsus), whose works are largely re- 
presented. There is also the rare work of Dr. Dee, 
*'Monas Hieroglyphica," 1584, and the **De Causis 
Metallorum," Francof , 1593, by Dr. Thomas Morison, 
already cited. 

In the seventeenth century the literature of the 
science separates into two, the alchemical and the 
chemical, pharmaceutical or medical. To the former 
division belongs Heinrich Khunrath, author of a number 
of extravagantly obscure works of a cabbaUstical char- 
acter. The *' Amphitbeatrum Sapientiae -^ternae " is 
the chief. Michael Maier, the Rosicrucian, wrote a 
great many works, reckoned by Vogt and other biblio- 
graphers among the rarities of literature ; there are 
some twenty-three or twenty-four of them in the col- 
lection, including *• Atalanta Fugiens," " Lusus Serius/' 
with the extremely rare Enghsh translation, '* Jocus 
Severus," "Civitas Corporis Humani,'' "De Volucri 
Arborea," " Septimana Philosophia," etc. There are 
the works of d'Espagnet, Castaigne, L'Agneau, Pal- 
marius, Hoghelande, usually in several editions. 

There are Fludd's works, collected in six volumes, 
folio, the presentation copy to Dr. Wm. Harvey, and, 
besides, the *'Mosaical Philosophy" in English; the 
defence of the Rosicrucians, "Tractatus Apblogeticus," 
Lugd. Batav., 1617; and the "Tractatus Theologo- 
Philosophicus," of which Kloss says they belong to the 
greatest of Uterary rarities. 

Of Sendivogius, Conring, Van Helmont,' Eugenius 



212 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Philalethes (Thomas Yaughan), Eirenaeus Fhilalethes^ 
George Starkey, etc., there are ample coUectioiis. 
Ashmole's three works are present — ''Theatrum 
Chemicum Britannicum," one of the finest copie» 
known, with the plates and two tables of errata; 
"The Way to Bliss," large and thick paper copy; 
"Fasciculus Chemicus," with Motherwell's auto- 
graph. There are the original editions of the three 
historical works of Olaus Borrichius already referred 
to : " Hermetis . . . Sapientia . . . Vindicata,' Hafhiae, 
1674 (Dr. Joseph Black's copy) ; "De Ortu et Frogressu 
Chemiae," 1688; and "Conspectus Scriptorum Chemi* 
corum," 1697. Only Manget's reprints are known to 
most writers. There are Kerkring's Commentary on 
Basil Valentines " Chariot of Antimony/' 1671, 1685; 
Johnson's " Lexicon Chemicum," first edition, London, 
165'2, and second edition, 1660; Salmon's Translations* 
of Geber, Bacon, and othei-s, London, 1692. At the 
beginning of last century stands the great collection by 
Manget of 133 alchemical works in 2 volumes, folio, 
Geneva, 1702. They are reprints of tracts which had 
become rare, but a good number of them are in this 
library in the original form. 

The alchemical books of the eighteenth century 
cease to be of much interest either from a historical or 
bibliographical point of view. The literature became 
debased, but though there is a great deal of it, it is not 
suitable for description under the present circumstances. 
The latter division of the literature — from the sixteenth 
century — really deals with practical chemistry and with 
the beginning of scientific chemistry. 

Among the very first of the modem chemists is 
Andreas Libau, or Libavius, who was a practical 
worker and voluminous writer. His collect^ works 
and several of his separate treatises are in the 
library. The French chemists of the seventeenth cen- 
tury are very well represented: Beguinus, Davisson, 
Lefebvre, Glaser, Thibaut, Lemery, carry the science 



PROF, FERGUSON'S LIBRARY. 213 

over a period of nearly 120 years. They all wrote 
students' manuals, which were extremely successful 
-and passed through many editions. There is a very 
good representation of them. 

Contemporary chemists notable in the history of the 
science, of whose works there are complete or nearly 
-complete collections, are Angelo Sala, Glauber (20 to 
30 works), Boyle, Barchusen, Kunckel, Becher (19 or 
20 works), Stahl (10 works), later in the eighteenth 
century Boerhaave, " Elementa Ohemiae,'' Paris, 1727, 
-and the English translations ; Stephen Hales, Joseph 
Black, Priestley,Richter, Marggraf, Klaproth, Le Sage, 
Bergman, Scheele, Crell, Watson, Lavoisier, Chaptal, 
Dalton, Davy and Berzelius. Berzelius may be looked 
upon as concluding the historical period, for after him 
the purely modem science begins, and with its litera- 
ture we need hardly trouble. It is of vast extent, but 
presents as yet no interest from the bibliographer's 
point of view. But even here rarity is not unknown. 
Not every modern chemist has seen the first editions 
of Fresenius in English, 1843 and 1846; of Graham's 
Inaugural Dissertation, 1830; of Odling's Manual, 
1861; of Conington's Analysis, 1858; of George 
Wilson's Chemistry, or even of Franklands Lecture 
Notes, 1866, and Roscoe's Elementary Lessons, 1866. 

When the literature of special subjects is taken, there 
are found to be some rare and curious books. There is 
a small collection of the earliest writings about phos- 
phorus, by Licetus, Balduinus, Cohausen, etc.; another 
about the assaying of metals and early chemical 
analysis; a third about distillation, including the treatise 
of Hieronymus Brunschwig, Basil, 1531 ; and the very 
rare English translation printed by Lawrence Andrewe 
at London in 1527, in small folio ; Hieronymus Rubeus, 
^' De Distillatione,'' Ravenna, 1582, fine copy in vellum 
with Thuanus' arms, and the fourth edition, Venice,: 
1 604 ; the works on distillation by Gesner, "De Remediis^ 
Secretis," 1552 (the oldest known), 1554, and others in 



214 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Latin, and the English black-letter editioDS, London,. 
1565, 1576, and 1599; Baptista Porta, "de Distilla- 
tionibus," Strasb. 1609 ; John French, "Treatise on Dis- 
tillation," London, 1651, 1653, 1667, etc.; there is a 
fourth collection of early works on minerals and metals: 
Orpheus, "De Lapidibus," Utrecht, 1689; Theophrastus, 
"DeLapidibu8,"ijond. 1746: Camillus Leonardus, "Spe- 
culum Lapidum," Venice, Sessa, 1502, 1516; Paris, 
1610; Hamburg, 1717; in English, London, 1750; 
" Lapidarium," Vienna, about 1519 ; Marbodeus, "De 
Lapidibus Pretiosis Enchiridion," in his collected works, 
Hennes, 1524, and separately, no place, 1531; Evax, 
"de Gemmis," 1585; Guidius, "de Gemmis," 1625; 
Nicols, "A Lajudary," Cambridge, 1652, and others. 

On Mines, Metallurgy, and Ore Analysis, the works- 
of Agricola (Latin, Basil, 1561 and 1657; Italian, 
Basil, 1563); Entzel or Encelius, 1551, 1557; Lazarus 
Ercker, 1598, 1672; Caesalpinus, Rome, 1596; Nttm- 
berg, 1602; Webster, 1671; Alonzo Barba, the rare 
English translation by the Earl of Sandwich, London, 
1674; Sir John Pettus,"Fleta Minor,"Lond., 1686,folio,. 
and "Fodinae Regales," Lond., 1670, small folio, and 
others. 

There is an unusual collection of works on the Rosi- 
cnicians, which includes the early German tracts : the 
" Hermetische Hochzeit," " Fama Fratemitatis,"^ 
" AUgemeine Reformation der ganzen Welt," Maier » 
" Themis Aurea," *' Silentium post Clamores," Fludd*s 
treatises already mentioned, the translations into 
English of the " Themis Aurea," 1656 ; the " Hermetic 
Wedding," 1690 ; and the '' Fama Fratemitatis," 1652; 
some of the curious works of John Heydon; the " In- 
struction" of (Jabriel Naude, Paris, 1623 ; all of them 
among the scarcest of books. There is the satire on the 
Rosicrucians, " Le Com to de Gabalis," Paris, 1670, 
first edition; Amsterdam, IG71 ; English, London, 
1714; French, 1742. 

There is a series of alchemical and chemical die- 



PROF. FERGUSON'S LIBRARY. 215 

tionaries, from the earliest one in Greek down to the 
last modern dictionary. This series is by no means 
complete^ but it contains most of the older lexicons 
and a good representation of those which appeared in 
succeeding centuries. 

Professor Ferguson has not laid himself out for the 
collection of works on Demonology, Witchcraft, Magic, 
Mysticism, Cabbala, etc., as he has.done for the history 
of Chemistry, but has just taken some of the choice 
things which have come in his way. The subject is a 
very extensive one, the literature is very difficult to 
get, and it would take a collector's whole attention to 
compass it thoroughly. Under Mysticism and Cabbala, 
we would notice " Cabbala Denudata ;" a very rare 
volumeof "Theosophical Transactions," 1697,whichcame 
out in numbers ; many of the works of Paracelsus and 
Van Helmont ; and a splendid set of Cardan's works ; 
Hendrik Harphius "Theologia Mistica," 1601; Valentin 
Andrea, " Mythologia Christiana," and other tracts, in- 
cluding the "Turris Babel," an excessively rare collection, 
printed by Zetzner, Strasburg, 1619 ; Campanella, " De 
Sensu rerum et Magia," 1620 ; Hermes Trismegistus, 
'*Pimander," the first edition, 1471, noticed among the 
fifteenth century books, and translated into English 
by Dr. Everard, 1650, second edition, 1657, both rare, 
both present. There are a few works on Astrology, the 
most curious being the " Angelical Guide " of Dr. John 
Case, with the author s portrait. Of works on Chiro- 
mancy, Talismans, Sybils, there are a few. We may 
quote the titles of the more striking books on Witch- 
craft, Demonology, Apparitions, and such like subjects. 
It is unnecessary to say that they are all very scarce, 
and some of them are hardly to be got at all : — 
'' Speculum Peregrinanim," no place and date, treats of 
angels and demons, etc. ; " Malleus Maleficarum," by 
Institor, Nurnberg, Koburger, 1494 (see fifteenth cen- 
tury books) ; " Flagellum Maleficorum," no place and 
date, black letter ; Molitor, " De Laniis et Phitonicis 



216 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Mulieribus," various editions of the fifteenth century ; P. 
Grillandus, 1545 ; R Scot, " Discovery of Witchcraft," 
1584 ; Le Loyer, "Des Spectres," 1586 ; Wienis, "De 
Praestigiis Daemonum," 1568 ; Kin^ James VL, 
" Demonologie," Edinburgh, 1597, London, 1603; 
James Mason, "Anotomie (sic) of Sorcerie,"1612; Delrio, 
" Disquisitiones," 1603 ; Perkins, " Witchcraft," 1609, 
4 to, 1610, 12 mo; Julius Obsequensand P. Vergil, "De 
Prodigiis," Lyons, 1589 ; "Charmes . . . de Sorcellerie 
de Henri de Valois," 1589; Cornelius Agrippa, "La 
Philosophic Occulte," 1727, large paper, crimson 
morocco, by Derome, in his best style ; Boguet, " Discours 
des Sorciers," 1610 ; Naude, " Apologie Pour les Grands 
Hommes faussement soup9onn6s de Magie," Paris, 1625, 
first edition, English translation, London, 1657, Amater- 
dam, 1712; Dufresnoy, "Traits sur les Apparitions," 
1751 ; Dufresnoy, " Recueil de Dissertations sue les 
Apparitions," 1752; Calmet "sur les Apparitions," 
1746 ; Agrippa, " Vanity of the Arts," London, 1575, 
black letter; John Aubrey, "Miscellanies," 1696, first 
edition; Glanville, " Sadduceeism," 1668; Glanville, 
" On Witchcraft," 1700 ; Meric Ca8aul>on, " A Treatise 
on Spirits and Witches," 1672 ; Dr. Dee, " On Spirits," 
1659 ; Beaumont, "Treatise of Spirits," 1705 ; ^rom- 
hall, "Treatise of Spectres," 1658; Webster, "Dis- 
playing of Witchcraft," 1677 ; Wagstaffe. "Witchcraft 
Debated," 1671, and "Witchcraft Vindicated," 1679 ; 
Baxter, "Certainty of the World of Spirits." 1691 ; 
" Dr. Lamb Revived," 1653 ; Matthew Hopkins, "Dis- 
covery of Witches," 1647; "Advertisement — Instruc- 
tions to the Jurymen of England touching WitcKes," 
1653; "Witches of Essex," 1645; "Confession of 
Louis Gaufridy," 1612, black letter; "Pandemonium/' 
1684; "Narrative of the Sufferings of a Girl," Edin- 
burgh, 1698; Tracts on the Case of Jane Wenham, 
1712; Roe, "On Apparitions," 1698; ** History of 
Monsieur Oufle," Amsterdam, 1710, London, 1711. The 
library also contains a collection of tracts and academic 



PROF. FERGUSON'S LIBRARY. 217 

■dissertations on magic, witchcraft, vampires, and related 
subjects, amounting in all to upwards of ninety separate 
numbers, and there is the work by Horst, "Zauber- 
Bibliothek," in six volumes. Among the modern his- 
tories is a copy of Eusebe Salverte's ^*Essai sur la 
Magie," first edition, privately printed, and the third 
<3dition of 1856. 

As a supplement to the preceding is the collection of 
works on early physics and natural history, books of 
secrets, and other curious literature, including English 
works in black letter of the sixteenth and seventeenth 
centuries, several being now of great rarity. The 
majority of these, together with a number of other 
books of the same kind, have been described by Pro- 
fessor Ferguson in a series of papers communicated 
recently to the *' Archaeological Society of Glasgow." 

There are a number of bibliographical works of 
reference which simply represent the owner's needs and 
not bibliography as a whole. Hain's " Repertorium 
Bibliographicum," Sinker's " Fifteenth Century Books 
in Trinity College, Cambridge ;" Beughem's " Incuna- 
bula," 1688; Petzholdt's " Bibliotheca Bibliographica," 
Vogt's " Catalogus Librorum Rariorum," Frey tag's 
** Analecta Litteraria de Libris Rarioribus," and his 
^* Aparatus Litterarius," Peignot's "Repertoire Biblio- 
graphique," 1812 (a large and thick paper copy) ; 
Peignot's "Dictionnaire des Livres Condamn^s au Feu," 
1806; Drujon's "Catalogue des Ouvrages Poursuivis," 
Kloss s " Bibliographie der Friemaurerei," Grasse's 
" Bibliotheca Magica et Pneumatica," Dufresnoy's 
Bibliography of Apparitions, Ladrague's Bibliography 
of the Occult Sciences (Ouvarofi* Collection), Moscow, 
1870 ; Arpe's "Theatrum Fati, siveNotitia Scriptorum 
de Providentia, Fortuna et Fato," Rotterdam, 1712 ; 
Dibdin's " Tours," " Decameron," etc. ; Naud^'sf " Advis 
pour dresser une Bibliotheque," 1627, and the transla- 
tion by Evelyn, London, 1661 ; the works of Lowndes, 
Teissier, Van der Linden, Ritson, Watt, AUibone, 



218 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Poggendorff, and the catalogues of several noted lib- 
raries fomi a list of some of the chief works in iin» 
section. 

Classical writers are fairly represented. We can 
only spare space for those in early or fine editions. 
Of Aeschylus, there is the editio princeps, Aldus ,1318, 
and that printed by Stephanus in 1557 ; Anacreon, a 
London edition of 1742, and Bodoni's beautiful edition, 
1784 ; Aratus, Morels Paris edition, 1559; Flantin's 
edition of Aristaenetus, 1566 ; Froben's edition of 
the Hymns of Callimachus, 1532 ; the editio princepa 
of the Tragedies of Euripides, Aldus, 1503 ; the 
Odyssey, Aldus, 1504, and the Iliad, Aldus, 1524 ; 
Morel's edition of Nicander, 1557. Of the works 
ascribed to Orpheus, there is the fine Basil edition of 
1528 (William Motherwell's copy), Heber's copy of 
Pindar, London, 1 755, and a Frankfurt edition of 1542 ; 
the editio princeps of Sophocles, Aldus, 1502 ; the fine 
Foulis editions of Sophocles, 1745, and Tyrtaeus, 1759. 
Professor Ferguson has a number of books which be- 
longed to Hadrian Beverland, all of them with manu- 
script notes by him, and several of them presentation 
copies either to or from that notable scholar. Among 
these are editions of Catullus, Celsus, Juvenal, and 
Martial. Of Aulus Gellius, there is an Amsterdam 
edition, 1666 ; Juvenal and Persius, Aldus, 1501 ; 
Wudderburn's Persius, Elzevier, 1664, and a Parisian 
edition, 1644. Of Tacitus, the Elzevier edition, 1621. 
Besides these there are working copies of Aristophanes, 
IComer, Herodotus, Xenophon, Cicero, Seneca, Horace, 
Virgil, and others. There are also translations into 
English and French, and commentaries, lexicons, and 
explanatory works relating to classical literature. 

The library also contains many general works of 
reference which it is unnecessary to particularize. 
The biogi'aphical, historical, philosophical, philological, 
and other sections which might have been treated of 
in detail have been omitted to make room for the more 



MR. 0RAT8 LIBRARY. 219 

curious collections on alchemy and allied subjects. 
This library is of quite exceptional character, and one 
which it is difficult to deal with adequately. Few are 
sufficiently familiar with the subject of which the largest 
portion in it is so notable a feature as to be perfectly at 
ease in its treatment. But feeling that it would have 
been a misfortune if so remarkable a library had gone 
unmentioned, these pages have been written, and 
although the collection truly yet remains undescribed, 
some of its more prominent features have been roughly 
outlined. 



CHAPTER XIV. 

LIBRARY OF GEORGE GRAY, ESQ., CLERK OF THE PEACE FOR 
LANARKSHIRE AT GLASGOW, AND TOWN CLERK OF THE 
BURGH OF RUTHKRGLEN. 

Blairtum Park — The Libi^ary — A Rare Catechism — 
Witchcraft — Poetry and the Drama — Scottish Poetry 
— The Production of Home's ^^ Douglas'' on the Edin- 
burgh Stage — Firsts Second, and Third Editions of 
the Works of Burns — Splendid Collections of Scottish 
Family History and Scottish Topography — Otlier 
Woi^ks on Scotland — Proclamations, Dying Speeches, 
etc, — Controversy regarding the Flection of Professor 
Leslie to the Mathematical Chair in the University of 
Edinburgh — Chap-books — Works relating to Glasgow 
— Fleming v. the Magistrates of Glasgow — Boyd's 
" La^t Battell of the Soule in Death" — Large Collec- 
tion of Trials — Burke and Hare, Dr. Pritchard — 
Collection of Indictments, Informations, etc. — Fine 
A rt — Conclusion. 

Mr. Gray lives at Blairtum Park, about a mile and 
a half to the south of the ancient royal burgh of 



220 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Rutherglen, of which he is the T9WI1 Clerk. The 
house is picturesquely set upon a hill, and commands 
a magnificent view of the country round about To 
the west and north-west lie the great capital of the 
West, and its suburbs of Crossbill, PoUokshields, 
Strathbungo, Shawlands, and PoUokshaws, a vast sea 
of housetops ; to the north, Rutherglen, with its wide 
Main Street and imposing Municipal Buildings ; to the 
east, the rising and populous village of Cambuslang, 
and a long stretch of the valley of the Clyde ; and to 
the south, the Cathkin Hills, extending from the Hill 
of Dechmont westwards to Cathcart. Capping the 
summit of the height, almost directly opposite, is the 
dozen or so of handsome residences which form the 
modern suburb of Burnside, their cold grey aspect 
forming a striking contrast to the bright green of the 
richly-wooded hollow. 

Blairtum was built by Mr. Gray in 1878 on the 
lands of High Crossbill, and is in the Scottish baronial 
style of architecture. The library is situated in the 
square tower facing the south, and is a handsome, well- 
appointed room, but has grown too small for Mr. Gray's 
requirements. Its capacity has been strained to the 
utmost, almost every expedient known to librarians 
sufibring from a want of shelf space having been 
resorted to, and supplementary bookcases erected in 
adjoining rooms to receive the overflow. The number 
of volumes may be set down at over five thousand. 
Reckoning by separate publications, the total would 
be much larger, as, for example, some of the volumes 
of chap-books contain as many as eighty different 
tractates, each published separately. The collection 
is richest in Scottish literature, although other de- 
partments of learning are well represented. For many 
years Mr. Gray has specially sought for works relating 
to Scotland, its history, its families and clans, its towns 
and counties, its famous trials and notable natives. 
Nearly five hundred topographical and historical works. 



ME, GRATS LIBRARY. 221 

over one hundred family histories, several hundreds 
of articles pertaining to somewhat more than a hun- 
dred and fifty trials, a large collection of criminal in- 
dictments, informations, and similar documents, many 
pamphlets relating to the rebellions of 1715 and 1745, 
about fifteen hundred chap-books, and other works, 
testify to the success with which he has pursued his 
favourite subject. 

To proceed to details. A book of much rarity is 
"The Assembly's Shorter Catechism in Metre,*' by 
Mr. Robert Smith, schoolmaster at Glammis, printed 
at Edinburgh, 1727. A second edition was issued in 
1729, and some years ago the work was reprinted by 
an Edinburgh antiquarian bookseller from this 1729 
edition, which he described as the first. Other early 
catechisms in the library are several printed in Glas- 
gow, one in 1774, and one printed in Paisley, with a fine 
impression of the Paisley arms on the title-page. A 
copy of Dunlop's " Collection of Confessions of Faith, 
Catechisms, Directories, Books of Discipline, etc.,*' 
Edinburgh, 1719-22, 2 volumes, as also a large paper 
copy of the beautiful Bible issued at Edinburgh by 
His Majesty's printers for Scotland, Sir D. Hunter 
Blair and J. Bruce, in 1811, and known as the "Im- 
maculate Bible " from its typographical excellence and 
freedom from inaccuracies, deserve mention. The latter 
is now rare. 

Mr. Gray has many works on witchcraft, among 
which are *' Sadducismus Debellatus : or, a True Nar- 
rative of the Sorceries and Witchcrafts exercis'd by 
the Devil and his Instruments upon Mrs. Christian 
Shaw," London, 1698; and Kirk's "Secret Common- 
wealth : or, An Essay on the Invisible People going 
under the name of Elves, Faunes, and Fairies," 1815. 
The first edition is said to have been issued in 1691, 
but not a copy is known, and the reprint is scarce, as 
only 100 copies were printed. 

Poetry and the Drama are present in the form of 



fif THS URRARIES OF GLASGfJW. 

good editioas of the w>:rks of Bea Jooaon, Beaumont 
an«i Fletcher, Bcokin^z'-iiini. Or-n^reve, Cibber, Faranhar, 
Ford, Garriok. Greene, irariowe, Marston, Massinger, 
Peele, Rowe, the ShadweiL?. Sheridan, Southeme, Web- 
ster, Liilo, F:ote. rn:':vay. Lee. Shirley. Dekker, Brome, 
Mrs. CeE.tiivre. Sioklin:^:. Randolph, Glapthome, 
Hevw.>:d. D'lTrfev-. L'Lapaian, Wvcherlev, Steele, 
Aaron Hill, etc., be;iiirs many oij'dections. Shake- 
speare is represented, i • V/- -r V..x, by Mr. Payne Collier's 
edition. S volumes, " 'v^ich the purest text and the 
briefest notes." Fitiy-dve copies were printed for sub- 
scribers, over twenty of wh?:ii resided in Glasgow and 
neighb^^urhood. Firs: editions of several of Shelle3*'s 
works, Ri>^rs*s Poems and • Italy. " nearly all Joseph 
Ritsons works, and an almost complete set of the 
remarkable works issued uudcr the editorship of W. 
B. D. D. Tumbull are in the collection. Of these 
latter, we mav mention the verv rare and interestinof 
*• Le^jende Catholica: a Lvtle Boke of Sevntlie Gestes," 
Edin., IS 40, 40 copies printed: " Owain Miles, and 
other inedited Fniirments of Ancient English Poetry," 
illuminated title-pau'c. Etlin,. l>o7; 3- copies printed; 
"Vision of Tundale," Edin., 1S43, 105 copies printed; 
*' Fragmenta Scoto-Monastioon," Edin., 1842, 70 copies 
printed. 

In the domain of Scottish Poetrj- there is a plethora 
of riches. !Most important are Sir William Alex- 
ander, Earl of Stirlintr's Trao^edie of Darius, 1604: 
Aurora, IG04 (the only edition); a Paraenesis to the 
Prince, 1G04 (never reprinted); The Monarchicke 
Tragedies, 1007 ; The Alexandraean, 1G16; Barbour s 
Bruce, Edinliurgh, 1670, black-letter; another copy, 
(ilasgow, 17.J7 ; another copy, black-letter, 1758 (the 
real date of this is supposed to be 1710); Blind 
Harry's Sir William Wallace, Edinbui"gh, 1705 and 
17."»s (this is uniform with the Bruce of the same date, 
and is supposed to be similarly misdated), Glasgow, 
1736 and 1747 ; Sir David Lyndsay's works, Glas., 



MR, GRAT8 LIBRARY. 223 

1683, black-letter, and other editions; Wyntoua's 
Chronicle of Scotland, edited by Macpherson, 2 
volumes, large paper, 1795 (275 copies printed, 25 
on large paper) ; Leyden's edition of the Complaynt 
of Scotland, large paper copy ; Curious Poems written 
at the close of the seventeenth and the beginning 
of the eighteenth century, by Mr. James Macalpie, 
Sheriflf- Substitute of Kenfrewshire, 1694, and edited 
by William Motherwell, Paisley, 1828 (only 30 copies 
printed); Dougal Graham's Poetical History of the 
Hebellion, third, 1774, fifth, 1787, eighth, 1808, ninth, 
1812, and subsequent editions; the first edition of 
Herd's Collection of Ancient and Modern Scottish 
Songs, Heroic Ballads, etc., the first edition of Fer- 
guson's Poems, and the Poems of the intimate con- 
temporaries of Burns, such as Lapraik, Sillar, Little, 
etc. 

The production of Home's play of " Douglas " on the 
stage of the Edinburgh playhouse was the beginning of 
a very fierce ecclesiastical war, in which the favourite 
method of the time, pamphleteering, played a principal 
part. Mr. Gray has many of these productions. Per- 
haps the most virulent of them was " The Player's 
Scourge ; or, a detection of the ranting prophanity and 
regnant impiety of stage plays, and their wicked en- 
couragers and frequenters ; and especially against the 
nine prophane pagan priests, falsely called ministers of 
the Gospel, who countenanced the thrice-cursed tragedy 
called Douglas." The writer was a Cameronian minis- 
ter in the Calton of Glasgow named Hugh Innes. He 
stigmatizes the merry company of players as *' Imps of 
Satan and actors of his devices. . . . the most profligate 
wTetches, and the vilest vermin that hell ever vomited 
out ; the filth and garbage of the earth, the scum and 
stain of human nature," with other similar uncompli- 
mentary metaphors, and proposes to mutilate them and 
send them '* back to their native lands of England and 
Ireland whence," he fiercely adds, '* most of our wicked- 



224 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

ness proceeds." After inveighing against the nobility 
and gentry for their patronage of the theatre, h]» 
]>a88ion reaches a height when he comes to the nine 
j>rophanc pagan priests, for whom he reserves vitupera- 
tion of the strongest and coarsest kind. Home is de- 
scribed as the ringleader in the black work, " remark- 
able for his lightness, madness, impudence, prophanitj, 
impiety, swearing, Sabbath-breaking, contempt of lus 
HUporiors, neglecting and oft deserting his poor people, 
and infecting them with the husks of error and pro- 
phanity, which has made most of them as wicked as 
himself .... dancing, gaming, drinking, wasteiy, 
and that, like his master Satan, he may involve 
others in the same misery with himself, he hath wrote 
and caused to be acted and published his cursed play 

(railed Douglas To excuse his wickedness, we 

have; been told that this apostate play-hunter makes 
his boast that the Prince of Wales, the Dukes of 

(Juml>erland and A e, and Mr. Pitt, etc., take him 

by the hand ; but though this were true, while others 
deny it, he may rest assured that, though all the rakes, 
great and small, in the three kingdoms were to take 
him by the hand, and let him likewise take in the 
assistance of the tyrant of France, the Tyger of Savoy, 
the witch of Eiulor, with her daughter the bloody 
witclH^s of Hungary and Lapland — yet they will never 
Imj able to screen him from the least drop of the 
Mediator's vengeance, whose authority he hath con- 
tcanned; but that woe pronounced against the man by 
whom oilence cometh will pursue hmi until his name 
1)0 made a curse and an execration upon the face of the 
rarth, for a beacon to all posterity, unless he speedily 
lly to Clod for mercy." The other eight ministers who 
witnessed the performance of " Douglas " are dealt with 
individually in the same vigorous manner. In another 
and later edition of this pamphlet, published in the 
same year, Innes falls foul of the presbyteries who 
acquitted Home and his friend Alex. Carlyle, and 



MR GRAY'S LIBRARY. 225 

regrets that the printer will not do him the justice of 
printing the full names of the persons mentioned in 
the pamphlet. 

" The Usefulness of the Edinburgh Theatre seriously 
considered," 1757 (price twopence), is written in a 
bantering tone, which must have proved highly divert- 
ing to some of the onlookers of this remarkable con- 
troversy. " An Argument to prove that the Tragedy of 
Douglas ought to be publickly burnt by the hands of 
the hangman " is a title which sufficiently indicates the 
purport of the pamphlet which it heads. Many un- 
sparing productions appeared on both sides, throwing 
a curious light on the habits and customs of the people 
of the Scottish capital a century ago, and marking 
emphatically the low estimation in which "His 
Majesty's Servants '' and stage plays were held in the 
northern part of His Majesty's dominions. 

Of the works written or edited by James Maidment 
there are not fewer than fifty. Here also are nearly 
all the publications of David Laing, John Pinkerton, 
and Peter Buchan ; a perfect set of Brash and Reid's 
original and selected poetry (in 4 volumes, each con- 
taining 24 tracts); '* The Lennox Garland," on vellum ; 
*' Songs of the Holy Land," by Sir William Stirling- 
Maxwell, Edin., 1846 (only forty copies printed) — it 
iras not published — and the first, second, and third 
editions of the poems of Burns. 

The oft-repeated story of the life of Scotland's 
national poet is familiar enough to excuse any but the 
merest bibliographical statement here. Six hundred 
and fourteen copies were printed of the first edition of 
his poems, executed by John Wilson, Kilmarnock 
(Chambers, v. 1, p. 349). The volume went to press 
in the spring of 1786, and was issued in July. ** Less 
than a month after the volume was ready, 599 had 
Ijeen disposed of, and there then remained on hand 
only fifteen." Previous to its publication, the poet con- 
templated emigration, but the fame which the volume 

15 



226 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

brought induced him to stay and visit Edinboigh. 
He states his share of the proceeds of the book to be 
.£20. The enthusiasm of his Edinburgh admirers 
took practical shape in a second edition issued for his 
benefit. Creech, the celebrated Edinburgh publisher, 
brought it out in 1787. In all, Burns is supposed to 
have received about £500 from the sale of this edition. 
In the same year the first London edition appeared. 
Mr. Gray's copies of the three editions are in a fin^ 
state, and are uniformly bound in full morocco, red, by 
lliviere. 

Scottish family history is strongly represented* as the 
following list of names will show: — Anderson's House of 
I lamilton (large paper copy), The Bruces and Comyns, 
Hume's House of Douglas and Angus, KobertsonV 
Vyrshire Families, with supplement, The Breadal- 
bane Succession, by Sinclair, also by Paterson, and 
memoirs of the families of Drummond, Seyton, Ken- 
nedy, Fleming, Lindsay, Somerville, Barclay of 
IJrie, Baird, l^orbcs, Stewart, Mure, Leslie, Forbes 
of Granard, Argyle, Maclean, Monteith, Eglinton, 
Middleton, Stanley, Stewart of Appin, Bimie, E^gar. 
Knox, Christie, Robertson, Coutts, Rosslyn, Tweeddale, 
A thole, Mackay, Crawfurd, Salmond, Dalmahoy. 
Fraser, Montgomery, Row, Buchanan, Napier of 
Kilmahew, Sutherland, Keith, Ednem and Dun- 
troath, Thanes of Cawdor, Inues, Boyle, Shaw, Threip- 
land, llaliburton, Spottiswoode, Smollett, Dennistoun, 
Mackintosh and Clan Chattan, Oliphants of Grask, 
Alton, Burness, Rogers, Playfair, Haldane, Stirling;, 
Mar, Scott, Haig, Wishart, Macdonald, Alexander, 
iStrachan, Wise. Halkerston, Iver Clan, Campbell 
( 'Ian, Archer, Matheson, ^lackinnon, Ektrldom of 
(Jarioch, Shand, Harlcy, Bruce of Kinloss, Stewart. 
Munro of Fowlis, and Fife. 

Mr. Gray's group of books on the districts and 
places of Scotland is so large as to have few rivals. 
They number 388, and refer to 128 cities, towns, ami 



MR GRATS LIBRARY. 227 

villages and 48 districts. Space will not permit giving 
the names of these works, which is to be regretted, as 
the most important catalogue of topographical books 
issued in recent times — Anderson's " Book of British 
Topography," 1881 — does not mention many of them. 
A list of the towns and districts may, however, be 
given for the information of Scottish bibliographers 
who have engaged in this very rich and interesting 
field : — Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire, Aberdour, Airthrey, 
Alloa, Arbroath, Ardrossan, Argyleshire, Arran, Ayr, 
Ayrshire, Balmerino, Banff, Bass Rock, Beauly 
Priory, Berwick, Biggar, Birse, Blair Athole, The 
Border District, Braemar, Brechin, Bridge of Allan, 
Broughton, Buchan, Bucklyvie, Busby, Buteshire, 
Cairngorm Mountains, Caithness, Cambuskenneth, 
Cambuslang, Cambusnethan, Cardross, Carluke, Car- 
noustie, Castlecary, Cellardyke, Clydesdale, Coat- 
bridge, Cockpen, Coldingham, Coldstream, Colinton, 
Comrie, Crail, Crieflf, CuUen, Cunningham, Cupar, 
Deer, Deeside, Dollar, Drumlanrig, Dryburgh Abbey, 
Dumbarton, Dumbartonshire, Dumfries, Dumfries- 
shire, Dunbar, Dunblane, Dundee, Dundrennan, Dun- 
fermline, Dunkeld, Dunoon, Dysart, East Lothian, 
Edinburgh, Edzell, Elgin, Falkirk, Fenyden, Fife- 
shire, Fordoun, Forfarshire, Fowlis Easter, Galloway, 
Glasgow, Gourock, Grampians, Greenock, Haddington, 
Hawick, Helensburgh, Icolmkill, Inchcolm, Inchma- 
home, Innerleithen, Inveresk, Inverness, Inverurie, 
lona, Jedburgh, John o' Groats, Keith, Kelso, Kil- 
malcolm, Kilmarnock, Kilmaurs, Kinloss, Kinnord 
Loch, Kintore, Kintyre, Kippen, Kirkcudbright, Kirk- 
wall, Knapdale, Lanark, Lanarkshire, Laurencekirk, 
Leith, Earldom of Lennox, Lesmahagow, Lews, 
Liddesdale, Lindores Abbey, Linlithgow, Linlith- 
gowshire, Lochmaben, Lochwinnoch, Madderty, Mary- 
ton, Melrose, Milngavie, Moffat, Monteith, Montrose, 
Moray, Musselburgh, Newburgh, Oban, Orkney, 
Paisley, Partick, Peeblesshire, Perth, l?erthshire. 



228 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Peterhead, Pitcaithly, Pitteaweeiiiy Ploscaidyiir 
Queensferry, Renfrewshire, Rothesay, Boxbargh- 
shire, Rutherglen, St. Andrews, St. Kilda, St. Mon- 
ance, Sanquhar, Scone, Shetland, Shotts, Skye, 
Speyside, Spynie, Staffa, StirUng, StirlingahiTe, 
Strathearn, Strathmore, Sutherland, Tain. Tay, Teviot- 
dale, Tillicoultry, Tranent, Troon, Tweeddale, Wemyas 
Bay, Wigton, Wigtonshire. Many of these Tolumes 
are of course small and hardly aspire to the dignity 
nnd permanency of histories, but such as they are, 
they are often the only printed accounts of the districts 
to which they refer. On the other hand, the list 
includes some very fine and important books, such as 
for instance '* Lacunar Strevelinense," a collection of 
heads etched and engraved after the carved work 
which formerly decorated the roof of the King^s room 
in Stirling Castle, 1817. The plates are fine. Books 
on the whole of Scotland have not been counted among 
these, nor have the Maidment collection of maps, 
pictures, pamphlets, tractates, leaflets, cuttings and 
scraps, relating to Perthshire and Stirlingshire, the 
former in seven and the latter in four volumes folio. 
These volumes contain the gatherings of an assiduous 
antiquary during a long lifetime. Their contents are 
hardly describable, they are so varied, and form a 
perfect mine and inexhaustible delight not only to the 
antiquary and the historian but to the lazy, purposeless 
reader. 

Mention re^^uires to be made of the large collection 
of books on Scottish Peerage, Baronetage, and 
Heraldry, and the series of pamphlets, relating to 
the Civil War in Scotland in 1715 and 1745 before 
mentioned, and to the following Scottish works: — 
Anderson's *' Diplomata Scotiae," 1739 ; Slezer a 
'' A''iews of Scotland," *' Baronial Antiquities of Scot- 
land," by Billings; Kay's "Edinburgh Portraits" 
(first edition) ; Drummond's " Edinburgh in the Olden 
Times '' ; " Scottish Weapons, and Monuments of 



• MR QRA TS LIBRAE F. 229 

lona " ; Grose's *' Antiquities of Scotland," with proof 
plates ; the national manuscripts of Scotland (also 
Ireland) ; many of the Bannatyne, Maitland, Abbots- 
ford and Spalding Club publications; the Burgh Record 
Society's publications ; all Sir Thomas Dick Lauder's 
works ; nearly all Sir John Graham Dalyell's works ; 
Jamieson's Culdees ; the " North of England and 
Scotland in 1704," Edin., 1818 (only 100 printed); 
Murray's "Scenes in Scotland," Perth; ** Critical 
Account of the Inhabitants of Scotland," by Innes 
(large paper copy) ; Pitcairn's *' Funerals of Queen 
Mary," (thick paper copy) ; *' The Missal of Arbuth- 
not"; "Three Nights in Perthshire," Glas., 1821 (large 
paper) ; " Levern delineated by Charles Taylor," with 
illustrations, 1831; Chambers's "Edinburgh Fires," 
1824, and the " Black Dwarf," 1820— two very scarce 
specimens of the early printing and publishing of the 
brothers Chambers ; the brilliant and magnificent 
work on Scottish tartans, '* Vestiarium Scoticum." 
There is another similar and inferior work with which 
this is sometimes confounded : A Glass wherein Nobles, 
Priestes, etc., may see the Lord's Controversies against 
Britaine, by Robert Ker, Feuer in Gilmerton, 1719; 
Mr. Gray has also a number of the works issued from 
the Boswell press at Auchinleck, a set of the Hun- 
terian Society publications, several thousand proclama- 
tions, executions, dying speeches, and miscellaneous 
posters on all subjects, some of them referring to the 
Covenanting times prohibiting conventicles — an im- 
portant series of prints. The catalogue of the Gray 
Library at Kinfauns Castle, by D. Morison, jun., is 
surely one of the finest catalogues ever produced. It 
was printed by the compiler, a member of the well- 
known Morison firm of Perth, printers. Every page 
is adorned with a beautiful border, and initial letters 
done in colours, no two pages having the same design. 
•Only one side of the page has been used. The volume 
is a small folio, and bears the date 1828. The instru- 



230 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

ment of "Falsing of Dooms," Edin., 1826, is a very 
rare tract; 10 copies were issued by James Hill. 

A number of pamphlets on the case of Professor 
Leslie recall a remarkable chapter in the ecclesiastical 
records of Scotland. On the death of Professor 
Robison in 1805, Professor Playfair, who then occu- 
pied the mathematical chair in the University of 
Edinburgh, was appointed to the vacant professorehip 
of Natural Philosophy. For the mathematical chair 
there were many candidates. One of these was Dr. 
Macknight, an Edinburgh minister, who had occasion- 
ally assisted Professor Robison. He announced his 
intention of retaining his parochial charge along with, 
if successful, the office to which he aspired. In this 
he was supported by a majority of the Presbytery of 
Edinburgh, but opposed by Dugald Stewart, Professor 
Playfair and others. Another candidate, and the suc- 
cessful, one, was Dr. John Leslie, author of a work on 
heat, who came highly recommended by some of the 
most competent philosophers of the time. His remark- 
able attainments commended him to the favour of the 
Senatus, and his election would have caused no more 
excitement than is usually occasioned by such proceed- 
ings but that a charge of atheism, based on a note in 
his treatise on heat, was made against him. This waa 
the beginning of a voluminous pamphlet war. Dugald 
Stewart issued a lengthy vindication of his friend 
Leslie, in the body of which was inserted a letter from 
l^rofessor Playfair to the Lord Provost strongly con- 
demning the plurality of offices proposed by friends of 
Dr. Macknight, and animadverting on the lack of 
mathematical ability among the clergy of the Church 
of Scotland. This brought out a reply from Rev. Dr. 
Chalmers, then a young man, who in a pamphlet 
published at Cupar made the remarkable slatement, 
" that after the satisfactory discharge of his parish 
duties, a minister may enjoy Jive days a iceek ofunin- 
ten'upted leisure for the prosecution of any science in 



MR ORATS LIBRARY. 231 

which his taste may dispose him to engage." In this 
way he proceeded to prove that a clergyman was even 
better fitted for engaging in mathematical research than 
a professor of mathematics, who would be exhausted 
with his professional duties. Dr. Chalmers afterwards 
much regretted this publication and did his best to 
suppress it. Professor Leslie was appointed despite a 
protest lodged by the Presbytery of Edinburgh. The 
case was carried to the Assembly, where, after hearing 
speakers on both sides for two days, on a preliminary 
point, it was resolved by a majority not to consider 
the case. 

Of Chap-Books, Mr. Gray has as fine and as large a 
collection as there is in this chap-collecting neighbour- 
hood. On a rough estimate they number about 1,500. 
1,200 of these are bound in volumes containing from 
20 to 80 each. The rest are loose. The greater 
portion of the original editions of Dougal Graham's 
(the '* Skellat Bellman " of Glasgow) are there, and 
also the chaps issued by Peter Buchan at Peterhead, 
and some early religious ones printed at Edinburgh. 
Among the imprints are Glasgow, Edinburgh, Stirling, 
Falkirk, Paisley, Airdrie, Greenock, Kilmarnock, 
Aberdeen, Dunbar, Belfast, Newcastle, and London. 

Asa matter of course, the works relating to Glasgow 
are very numerous, and some of them of great interest. 
Mr. Gray possesses a series of documents relating to 
the action instituted against the Corporation of Glasgow 
l)y William Fleming, wright, relative to the removal 
of his sawmill on the Molendinar Bum (1764 and 
subsequent years). They consist of — 

(a) State of the Process. 

(b) Pursuer's Proof, with the evidence of 46 witnesses. 

(c) Defenders' Proof, with the evidence of 27 witnesses. 

(d) Memorial for the Pursuer. 

(e) Memorial for the Defenders. 
(/) Petition for Pursuer. 



232 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

(g) Answers for Defenders. 
(h) Plan of the Course of the Molendinar Bum. 
(i) Elevation of North End of Arches, and Dam of 
Sawmill. 

The plan is of high local importance, as it is the fiivt 
we have of Glasgow. It includes the greater part of 
the city, showing the College, High Street, Grallow- 
gate, Saltmarket, Trongate, King Street, Candlerigg8, 
Princes Street, Goose Dubs, and the streets adjoining, 
and shows the course of the bum from its entry within 
the bounds of the city to where it emptied itself into 
the Clyde. The evidence led in the course of the 
case affords much valuable information regarding the 
domestic history of the city. Seventy-three persons, 
some of them leading citizens, testified, and necessarily 
gave a good deal of autobiographical matter which ih 
now of exceeding great interest. 

A copy of the rare 1629 two- volume edition of 
Zachary Boyd's " Last Battell of the Soule in Death " 
is in the collection. This very valuable work is in several 
of the libraries described in this volume, and is treated 
of fully in the account of the library of Mr. Guild, who 
possesses an extremely rare and interesting copy. Mr. 
Gray's is clean and complete, and is beautifully bound 
in blue morocco, by Riviere. The gallery of Baphael 
called his Bible, being 52 prints after pictures by 
Eaphael, has a Glasgow interest. It is in an oblong 
folio, issued in 1770, and was engraved in the Academy 
of Arts at Glasgow, and printed by the famous Glas- 
gow printers, Robert and Andrew Foulis. Fairbaim s 
" Relics of Ancient Architecture in Glasgow " is a 
beautiful volume, which increases in interest as year 
by year the scenes so gracefully and faithfully depicted 
are swept into the limbo of the things that were. It 
is about to be re-issued. " Glassfow Illustrated," bv 
Scott, with descriptive text by Cullan, 1834, is a fine 
series of views, and an uncommon book. Gibson's 



MR. GRATS LIBRARY. 233 

^* History of Glasgow " has not yet been included in 
the list of Glasgow rarities, although a copy possessing 
the map which should accompany the history will 
always command a good price. Mr. Gray's copy is 
worth special mention, however, as being a thick paper 
€opy. The following tiny books are of high local in- 
terest : — Halli well's '* Glasgow Merriments " (30 copies 
printed), the List of Subscribers to the University, 
and a number of the miniature books published by 
Lumsden in the early part of this century, embellished 
with cuts by Bewick. Macgeorge's " Armorial In- 
signia of Glasgow," " Account of the Town's Hospital," 
1737, and ** Hutchesoniana," are worth mentioning. 
In addition to these Mr. Gray has a most extensive 
and highly interesting series of pamphlets, broadsides, 
handbills, and posters relating to Old Glasgow, and his 
collection of early Glasgow printing is not inconsiderable. 
His collection of trials is large and of great interest. 
The trials of Burke and Hare and of Dr. Pritchard 
and other Glasgow trials are illustrated most fully by 
a large number of documents of all kinds and sizes. 
Song-sheets, rudely illustrated, that were hawked about 
the street at the time, are here as clean as when they 
were issued, legal documents, pamphlets, etc., forming 
a mass of important and varied information regarding 
these notorious trials. The subjects of this collection 
of trials take a wide range. They comprise murder, 
high treason, sedition, forgery, robbery, fraud, hame- 
sucken, assault, intimidation, rioting, housebreaking, 
mutiny, unlawful oaths, piracy, abduction, fire-raising, 
resetting, highway robbery, witchcraft, duelling, high 
-crimes, libel, and civil actions. They relate to the 
whole of the United Kingdom, and include many of 
the most notable cases tried in these islands. Of a 
kindred nature is an extraordinary series of criminal 
indictments, informations, and similar documents refer- 
ring to a great number of cases from the year 1711 
onwards. Nearly all of them relate to Scotland. 



234 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

In Fine Art there are several notable books. Mr» 
Gray has almost complete sets of the beautiful work» 
of M. Lacroix, Philip Gilbert Hamerton, and John 
Ruskin. The Ruskinian books include not only nearly 
everything written by the great art critic, but also 
some of the works referred to by him. Hogarth'» 
Works, atlas folio, London, 1822, containing 119 proof 
plates, all on India paper, with biographical essay and 
explanations by NichoUs, is a very valuable volume. 
The same may be said of Alex. Deuchar's British 
Crests, 2 volumes, 1817; David Deuchar's Etchings, 
3 vols., 1803; and Strutts Sports and Pastimes of 
the English People, with coloured illustrations. Other 
artistic books are Blakes works, Stirling-MaxwelFs 
works, Meyrick's Ancient Armour, Mrs. Jameson's 
works, A Beckitt's comic histories, etc. Rare and 
curious, and possessing a Glasgow interest, is the 
Expert Swordsman's Companion, or, the true art of 
self-defence, with an account of the author's life, etc., 
by Donald M'Bane, published at Glasgow in 1728. It 
has some quaint cuts. Of books illustrated by Bewick, 
Mr. Gray has the Quadrupeds, -^sop's and Select 
Fables, and Birds — all first editions. Some of Dibdin*s 
bibliographical works are also in the library. 

Enough has been written to shoM*^ the prominent 
features of Mr. Gray's library, but many a page might 
be penned upon so fertile a text, and, indeed, nothing* 
short of an entire catalogue would be necessary to 
adequately portray a collection where special subjects 
have been so successfully cultivated. 



ME. QUILUS LIBRARY. 235 



CHAPTER XV. 

LIBRARY OF JAMES WYLLIE GUILD, ESQ., PARK TERRACE, 

GLASGOW. 

Beauty of the Library — Its Extent — Books of Hours — 
Shakespeare — Curious History of a Copy of the 
Second Folio — Shakespeariana — Spensefs *^ Faerie 
Queen " — First Editions of Byron^ Shelley^ and Keats 
— A Book from the Queen's Library — Songs and 
Ballads — Scottish Poetry, Biography, and History — 
Extensive and valuable Collection of Woi^ks on Marie 
Stuart — Three Hundred and Fifteen Portraits of 
the Queen of Scots — Some of the Pare Works — A 
Volume which belonged to the Queen ; Songs on her 
Marriage with the Dauphin — Vindication of Eliza- 
beth — Glasgow Books — Pare and highly -interesting 
Copy of Boyd's " Last Battell of the Soule/^ printed 
before the hitherto supposed First Edition — Fine Art: 
Puskin, Bewick — Bibliography — Splendid Collect/ion 
of Autograph Letters. 

A FEELING of dismay was our first sensation on enter- 
ing Mr. Wyllie Guild's library. The sight was at once 
delightful and embarrassing. So large, so varied, so 
rich, and so beautiful, how was it possible to do justice 
to it in a necessarily brief sketch and from a few visits ? 
To treat it adequately one would require to own it, or 
live in it, and to have as large an interest in, and 
possess as wide a knowledge of, the many subjects 
which it specially illustrates, as the owner himself. 

Two beautiful and spacious rooms leading from the 
drawing-room contain the major portion of the col- 
lection. They are fitted with elegant open bookcases of 



236 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

oak, curiously carvedandrichlyornamentecL In exquifflte 
carving on the doors beneath are scenes from sacred 
history. The subjects of some of these are — David's 
Victory over Goliath, The Prodigal's Return, Thomas's 
Incredulity, The Widow's Mite, Nathan reprovinj^ 
David, Joseph Sold to the Ishmaelites, Boaz and 
Ruth, Joseph Entertaining his Brethren, Pharoah and 
his Host in the Red Sea, Elijah taken up into Heaven. 
Two of the panels contain very clever representations 
of Comedy and Tragedy. The most valuable, however, 
are three in the inner room of sixteenth cenfuiy 
French work, depicting the Adoration of the Magi, 
the Ascension, and the Angel appearing unto Mary. 
They are very fine examples of wood carving. The 
panels were procured from many places and at various 
times. Of varying dimensions, they have been skilfully 
set in their present places. The rooms are adorned 
with many beautiful things — portraits, miniatures, 
medals, ivory carvings, enamels, and interesting and 
curious historical nick-nacks. 

Mr. Guild s enthusiasm for everything relating to 
Marie Stuart is well known, and his unrivalled col- 
lection of Stuart literature will be spoken of in its 
proper place. Meanwhile we may note a beautiful 
wrought ivory helmet and horn which belonged to 
Marie's first husband, the Dauphin of France ; a silver 
commemorative medal, struck in Paris on the occasion 
of the marriage of the Dauphin and Marie in 1558, 
and a bottle, which was presented to her, of old French 
glasswork, bearing the Scottish thistle and her mono- 
gram and portrait. 

These two rooms contain about two score of presses, 
and comprise about two-thirds of the entire librarv. 
Downsfciirs is a room which Mr. Guild terms his work- 
shop. There are his Shakespeares, his grandest folios, 
and his collection of autographs. Altogether, there 
will not be fewer than 12,000 volumes in the library. 

Mr. Guild has the good, or some may think it bad. 



MR. GUILD'S LIBRARY, 237 

fortune to be afflicted with nearly every one of the 
ordinary varieties of bibHomania, and has even the 
honour of being the creator of some fresh forms of the 
malady. He has not one hobby, but many, and he has 
striven to excel in each of them. 

In the press devoted to sacred literature are two 
beautiful Books of Hours. The earlier of the two, 
entitled " Les Heures a L' Usage de Tournay, avec 
le Calendrier et TAlmanach," is printed on vellum, and 
is ascribed to the printing-press of the Parisian typo- 
grapher Simon Vostre, with the date of 1502. It has 
nineteen remarkably fine full-page woodcuts, represent- 
ing scenes in the life of our Saviour, the Last Judgment, 
and other sacred events ; and beautiful wood-cut 
borders round every page, containing as many as 650 
scenes of a sacred, pastoral, and hunting nature. The 
volume is further decorated with several hundred 
small capital letters, illuminated in gold and colours. 
A note by a former owner, a member of the Society of 
Antiquaries, contains the suggestion that the book is 
a manuscript used to print from for ecclesiastical publi- 
cations at Paris, some few printed ones, evidently 
copies, being in the writer's possession. The other 
volume is also beautifully illuminated ; its date is 
1518. 

In juxtaposition to these fine volumes is a manu- 
script on vellum, entitled "Gebert Buch," with title- 
page and initial letters, illuminated in colour. It is 
supposed to belong to the year 1460, about ten years 
after the invention of printing. Three Bibles stand 
by — the " Immaculate," printed by Sir D. Hunter 
Blair & J. Bruce, Edin., 1811; Fittler's Illustrated 
Bible, 1798 ; and one printed at Basle, 1505, by 
Rapegolis. Two copies of the Confession of Faith, 
Glasgow, 1755, 1756, have some local interest ; and the 
imprint is also the most interesting thing to biblio- 
graphers about Dickson's Short Explanation of the 
Epistle of Paul to the Hebrews, which was printed at 



238 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Aberdeen by Edward Kaban, the first Aberdeen 
printer, in 1635. Side by side with Spiritual Songs, 
or Holy Poems, Edinburgh, 1685; The Religious 
Stoic by Sir George Mackenzie, Edinburgh, 1665, are 
— The Psalmes in Prose and Meeter, with Grodly 
Prayers, and Kalendar, Edin., 1635, known as Knox's 
Liturgy, or Knox's Psalter (Laing's copy brou^t £15 
15s.) ; and Buchanan's Paraph rasis Psalmorum Davidis 
Poetica, 1572, profusely ornamented. Mr. Guild has 
a number of editions of the Pilgrim's Progress, and a 
copy of the Bible illustrated by Dore, published at 
Tours in 1866. 

In Poetry the collection is rich indeed. It contains 
48 editions of Shakespeare's works. First comes the 
second foho, London, 1632. Mr. Guild has two copies. 
The better of the two is a perfect copy, bound in old 
crimson morocco, extra, with the autograph of Janet, 
Countess of Kincardine. It was purchased for Mr. 
Guild at the Williamson sale, Glasgow, 1865. The 
other copy is imperfect, but is gradually being com- 
pleted. It has a curious history. On the first 
blank page is the following note by Clara Reeve, the 
novelist, who was born at Ipswich in 1738, and died in 
1803 : — " This book has been in the Reeve family about 
one hundred years. My grandfather, the Rev. Thomas 
Reeve, of Ipswich, set a very high value upon it. My 
father, the Rev. William Reeve, was a great admirer 
of Shakespeare, but preferred the modem editiont*. 
The book remained in the hands of his sister, where it 
Hutfered by being lent about to those who abused it . . . 
In the year 1773, my aunt, Maria Reeve, gave it me, 
and I hope it will never go out of the family. Clara 
Reeve, 1773." 

Alas ! alas ! How futile are the strongest wishes 
when measured against time. The volume came into 
the possession of a nephew of Miss Reeve's who lived 
near Bothwell. He was accidentally killed on the rail- 
way, and his effects being sold, the precious volume 



MR GUILD'S LIBRARY. 239 

was bought by a Bothwell shopkeeper, who re-sold it 
to Mr. Guild for 2s. 6d. A copy of the fourth foUo, 1 685, 
which belonged to Horatio MaccuUoch, is also here. 
Mr. Guild has also Mr. J. 0. Halliwell's great edition 
in 16 volumes, folio ; Paterson's sumptuous edition, with 
the plates in three states ; Virtue's illustrated edition, 
a reprint of the first folio in 1807, and the facsimile 
issued in 1866. His copy of the handsome edition in 
10 volumes, folio, edited by Steevens, has many addi- 
tional plates inserted referring to plays and characters 
of the time, and contains the portrait of Jane Shore by 
Bartolozzi so often missing. He has also another 
edition edited by Steevens, in one enormous but noble 
volume, printed by Bulmer in 1791. It is not 
mentioned in Lowndes' Bib. Man. Of Shakespeariana, 
Mr. Guild has fully 1,000 volumes and pamphlets. 
He has all the publications of the Shakespeare So- 
cieties, all Mr. J. Payne Collier's reprints, and also the 
whole of Mr. J. 0. Halliwell's publications. 

Spenser is present in the very rare first edition of 
the Faerie Queen. The collection also contains a good 
copy of Spenser's works which belonged to Charles 
Kirkpatrick Sharpe. Good editions of the standard 
dramatists, and a large number of the well-nigh in- 
numerable collections of songs and ballads are pro- 
minent features of the library. The most important 
of a number of editions of Butler's " Hudibras " in 
the division is that edited by Dr. Nash, and illus- 
trated by Hogarth, 3 volumes, quarto. It appeared 
recently in a catalogue at £13 13s. The first edition 
of Pope's Essay on Man, London, 1733, is worth 
mentioning, as is also a fine copy of " The Anti- 
Jacobin," 1794. A noble edition is in the library of 
Thomson's " Seasons," with illustrations by Bartolozzi 
from drawings by Sir William Hamilton, 1797. 

Coming to modern poets, Mr. Guild is a strong ad- 
mirer of the trio whose genius lighted up so brilliantly 
the early decades of the present century. Of Lord 



240 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Byron's works he has every first edition and many 
subsequent ones, together with a large collection of 
Byroniana. Shelley's works are here in the rare 
first editions, and Keats's in the same scarce form. 
One of the two copies of the first edition of ** Queen 
Mab " has been the subject of a criminal prosecution, 
as appears by the testimony written across the pages 
of several witnesses as to its ownership. This rare 
volume, which is worth many pounds, was bought 
by Mr. Guild some years ago at an Edinburgh book- 
stall for eighteenpence. First editions of the works of 
Wordsworth, Southey, Chatterton, Philip James 
Bailey, and minor poets are numerous. There are 
some early volumes of Ijord Tennyson's, including the 
Cambridge prize poem on Timbuctoo, the first pro- 
duction to which he put his name. Among the folios 
is " The Idylls of the King," illustrated by the great 
French artist, Dor6. A pretty volume bound in vel- 
lum is the *' Welcome to the Princess of Wales on her 
Marriage," a collection of original contributions in prose 
and verse, edited by Miss Emily Faithful.. It is the 
identical copy presented by the authoress to Her 
Majesty the Queen, and bears an inscription to that 
efiect. Mr. Guild picked it up in a London bookstall 
for half-a-crown. The Chiswick press, the Aldine 
series of poets, and the transactions of the Percy 
Society bring us to the end of a very large division, 
which we have really done little more than walk past. 
Of all the many objects which set men collecting 
books, surely none are so sweetly solacing as that of 
songs. It is but too common, we know, to speak of 
the good old days to the disparagement of the days 
that are with us ; and far be it from us to quarrel un- 
justly with the times, but is it not a patent fact that 
the very best and finest of our lyrics were written by 
other generations than ours ? We are induced to thus 
pause in our task as chronicler and lament, bv a fine 
array of those little volumes of songs and ballaas which 



MR. OUILiyS LIBRARY. 241 

were the delight of our forefathers. They are of no great 
typographical beauty, but their intrinsic value more 
than counterbalances their homely appearance. Among 
the first we have Watson's Collection of Scots Songs, 
issued in three parts in 1706-9-11 : and the Orpheus 
Caledonius; or, a Collection of Scots Songs set to 
Musick, by W. Thomson, 1733. How ]{51easant their 
titles ! The Charmer (1749), The Linnet (Glas., 1792 
and 1800), The Goldfinch (1777), The Harp of Scotia 
(1825), The Nithsdale Minstrel (Dumfries, 1815). 
Thomson's Collection of the Songs of Scotland reminds 
us of his prolific contributor, Robert Burns, and sug- 
gests Johnston's Musical Museum, a publication some- 
what similar to Thomson's, for which the bard wrote 
many songs. If we desire to rightly estimate the 
purifying influence of Burns on Scottish song we have 
but to look into Herd's Collection of Scottish Songs 
and Ballads (1776), and mark the difference. Col- 
lections of songs and ballads were issued from minor 
towns, of which Caw's Poetical Museum, published at 
Hawick in 1784, is an example. Many other lyrical 
collectioDs more or less known look down upon us, the 
bare recital of whose titles would fill more space than 
we can well afford. Like a true son of St. Thomas, 
Mr. Guild subscribed for a copy of the magnificent 
edition de luxe of " Eound about the Round with its 
Poets," printed and published by the veteran printer, 
Mr. Thomas Buncle, of Arbroath, a most remarkable 
volume. Mr. Guild is the possessor of the original 
manuscript of Motherwell's Minstrelsy, and several of 
his note-books containing numerous jottings and many 
songs taken down from the lips of the "singing- women 
of Paisley." 

Individual Scottish poets abound. We may mention 
a few of the leading ones, taking them in chronological 
order — Sir William Alexander, Earl of Stirling's 
Doomes Day, Edin., 1614 ; the same writer's Recrea- 
tions with the Muses, London, 1637 ; Hamilton's Life 

16 



242 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

of Wallace, 1722 and 1812; several editions of Bar- 
bour's Bruce and Blind Harry's Wallace ; editions of 
Sir David Lyndsay, Robert Henryson, and Dunbar ; 
Fragments of Ancient Poetry, 1760 (first edition 
of Ossian) ; Lapraik's Poems, 1788 ; many editions 
of Burns's works ; Songs chiefly in the Scottish 
Dialect, by Sir Alexander BosweU, 1803;. Certain 
Curious Poems, principally from the pen of Mr. James 
M^Alpie, Sheriff of Renfrewshire, edited by William 
Motherwell, Paisley, 1828 (30 copies printed) — this is 
supposed to have been Motherwell's own composition ; 
several first editions of Thomas Campbell's poems; 
Hugh Miller's Poems, by a Journeyman Mason ; 
Poems by Robert Chambers, 1835 ; and the poems of 
Alexander Scott, Glasgow, 1882 (one of six on vellum). 
The scarce reprints of rare works issued under the 
editorial care of David Laing, James Maidment, and 
W. B. D. D. Turnbull, occupy many pages in Mr. 
Guild*s catalogue. Perhaps the rarest are Turnbull's 
Owain Miles, and Legenda Catholica, Maidment's 
North Country Garland (30 copies printed for presenta- 
tion) ; his Book of Scottish Pasquils, 1827-8, large 
paper (15 large and 45 small paper copies were 
printed) ; and his Nugae Derelictae, a collection of 
tracts of which only six complete sets exist; Laing^s 
Cock Lorelle*s Bote (40 copies printed), and his 
Various Pieces of Fugitive Poetry. Among the 
miscellaneous volumes are — The Paisley Repository ; 
the Proceedings of a Craw-Court held in the Woods 
of Pittencricf, Dumfermline, 1813 ; the Court of Session 
Garland, 1839; and the rare first edition of L^;al 
Lyrics, by Outram. 

The department of Scottish Biography and Family 
History is well filled, and contains a few notable books, 
such as The Lennox, by William Frazer ; the Bruoes 
and Comyns ; and Memorie of the Somervilles. 

Scottish History forms quite a large library in itsel£ 
The valuable publications of the Maitland, Bannatyne, 



MR. GUILUS LIBRARY. 243 

Abbotsford, and Spalding Clubs, many of those issued 
by the other Scottish Clubs, and a set of the Burgh 
Records Society's publications make an imposing appear- 
ance, which is heightened by the close proximity of a 
fine set of Grose's Antiquities, 12 volumes, folio, a large 
paper copy of Chalmers' Caledonia, and the magnificent 
work on Scottish Arms issued by Mr. Drummond the 
other year. Mr. Guild has all the well-known works 
necessary to make a good serviceable Scottish his- 
torical library ; but all his possessions in this depart- 
ment are as nothing contrasted with his incomparable 
Marie Stuart collection. The fame of it has gone out 
far and wide as a gathering princely in its wealth and 
unique in its extent. It is only hindered from contain- 
ing every work on the subject by the infrequent appear- 
ance of many of them in the market. It numbers 
fully 500 works, in many languages. The portraits of 
the Queen in the library are as many as 315 in separate 
form, exclusive of those in books. There is also a 
large miscellaneous collection of portraits and historical 
scenes connected with the reign of Queen Mary. A 
complete catalogue of the whole has been prepared by 
Mr. Guild, including all the works relating to the un- 
fortunate Queen of which he has found any trace 
either in this country or abroad. It is his intention 
to print this catalogue, the compilation of which has 
formed a pleasant recreation for more than thirty years, 
and bibliographers will welcome it as a valuable con- 
tribution on a very important subject. 

The tragic story of the beautiful Queen of Scots has 
attracted many minds, and her innocence has been pro- 
claimed in language only equalled in passion by the 
denunciations of her assailants. Many fiercely-written 
volumes remind us that the war which still continues 
around her personality was waged most valiantly in 
her lifetime. In Germany the subject excites even a 
livelier interest than in this country, and the collection 
is being continually augmented by books and magazines 



244 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

from the German fatherland. We have extracted firom 
Mr. Guild's catalogue the titles of some of what we have 
deemed the more interesting works, which we here 
present with such notes as we have heen able to elicit. 
The chief treasure of the collection is a volume which 
once belonged to the Queen herself. It is entitled 
" Confessione della Fede Christiana," by Beza. The 
imprint is Appresso Fabio Todesco, 1560. It has Maria 
K. Scotorum in capital letters stamped in gold on each 
side of the cover, and on the title-page is the auto- 
graph of Sir James Melville of HallhilL It was pro- 
bably a gift from the Queen to her devoted friend Sir 
James, whom she sent as ambassador to Queen Eliza- 
beth. This copy was sold at Dr. Laing's sale for £145^ 
and after passmg through several hands at gradually 
diminishing prices, it found a fitting resting-place in 
Mr. Guild*s collection. 

On a table in the centre of the library are a dozen 
or so of the most precious volumes. We will first glance 
at a small quarto of four leaves, which is excessively 
rare, containing songs composed and sung in Paris on 
the occasion of Marie's nuptials with the Dauphin in 
1558. It is entitled — 

Nuptiale Carmen Renati Guillonii mercurium agentis, quo exhortatis 
Franciscum Yalesium Gallianim Delphinum ad uzorem daoen- 
dam Mariam utpote Scotiac reginam, quam tandem duxit umo 
1558, Aprilis die 24. Addita sunt ab eodem Autore aliquot l^i- 
grammata, quorum aliqua pertinent ad historiam noBtri tempora. 
Paris, apud Andream Wecbelim, 1558. 

Mr. Guild procured a copy at tbe sale of David LaiDg*8 library, bat 
subacquently received from abroad another copy, inTirh till mud hmadcr- 
Uc has now therefore two copies of this moat rare and interesting boi^ 

The next two works are also on the French mar- 
riage : — 

Epitbalamium Francisci Valesii Illu8tri8& Franciae Delpbini et Mame 
Btuartae Serenisa. Scotorum Reginae. Sm. 8vOy PariSy 1558. 

This was written by Andnanus Turbenoa. It ia cxtrcmelj rave, 
ia not mentioned by either Lowndes or Bmnet. 



MR. GUILD'S LIBRARY. 246 

L'Hospital (Michel de) In Francisci illustriss. : Franciae Delphini et 
Mariae Sereniss. Scotorum Reginae Nuptias viri ejusdam Am- 
pliss. Carmen. 4to, Paris, Apud Federicum Morellum. 

Perlin (Estienne) Description des Royaulmes d'Angleterre et d'Escosse. 
8vo, Paris, 1558. 

This work was prohahly occasioned hy the same ceremony. 

Discours des Troubles nouvellement advenus au Koyaume d'Angleterre 
avec une declaration faicte par le Comte de Northumberland et 
autres grands seigneurs d'Angleterre. 12 mo, a Paris, pour 
Laurent du Coudret, Imprimeur, jouxte la copie de Jacques 
Blochet. Avec privilege. 

A letter vindicating Queen Elizabeth in the case of the Duke of Nor- 
folk and Mary Queen of Scots. 12th October, 1571. 

This scarce little piece is attributed to the pen of Lord Bnrghley, Queen 
Elizabeth's secretary. There is no regular title to the tract, and it is 
evident it was not published in the usual way, but distributed privatelv. 
The text begins on A3, two blank leaves (often wanting) representing Al 
and A2. It is in bhick-letter, and is prettily bound in blue morocco. 

Buchanan (George) De Maria Scotorum Eeginae totaque ejus contra 
Regem Conjuratione foedo cum Bothuelio Adulterio nefaria in 
Maritum Crudelitate et Rabie, horrendo in super et deterrimo ejus- 
dem Parricidio : plena, et tragica plane Historia. [London, 
1572.] 

"This tract, published anonymously, is confidently attributed to 
George Buchanan, and is supposed to have been printed by John Day." 
— Loumdes. 

Belleforest (Francois de) L'innocence de la tresillustre, tres^chaste 
et debonnaire Princesse, Madame Marie Royne d'Escosse. Ou 
sont amplement refutees les calomnies faulces, et impositions 
iniques, publi^es par un livre secrettement divulgue en France, 
Tan 1572 touchant tant la mort du Seigneur d'Arley son espoux 
que autres crimes dont elle est faulcement accus^e, etc. Svo. 

Manolesso (Emilio Maria) Historia Nova, nella quale si contengono 
tutti i successi della guerra Turchesca, la Congiura del Duca de 
Nortfolch contra la Regina d'Inghilterra, etc. 4to, Padoua, 
Lorenzo Pasquati, 1572. 

Fhiladelphe (Eus6b6) La Reveille Matin des Francois et de leurs 
Yoissins. A Edimbourg, De rimprimerie de Jacques James, 
avec permission, 1574. 

"A fictitious imprint." — Loumdes, Rare. 



246 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Lesley (John) Bishop of Ross. De Origine Moribus et Rebus 
Scotorum. 4to, Romae, 1578. 

Contains a map of Scotland and nine engraved heads, indadiDg 
and her son. Republished in Holland, 1675. Valuable at oonti _ 
the only portrait of Queen Mary published daring her lifetime — m knrely 
copy. 

Gbambre (David) Histoire Abregee de Tous lee Roys de Fruioe 
Angleterre et Ekx)sse, mise en ordre par forme d'Humonie. 
8vo, Paris, 1589. 



Mr. Guild has two editions printed in the same year and from the 
types. Chambre was a follower of Queen Mary, and wrote his book to 
prove the legality of her title to the English throne. 

The two following tracts usually accompany this 
work. Mr. Guild has both : — 

La Recherche des Singulaiitez plus remarquables concemant inSstat 
d'EIscosse. 8vo, Paris, 1759. 

Discours de la legitime Succession des Femmes auz PoesessionB de 
leurs Parens & du Gouemement des Princesses auz Empires & 

Royaumes. 8vo, Paris, 1579. 

Continuing our list : — 

Throckmorton (Francis) A Discoverie of the Treasons pracUaed and 
attempted against the Quecnes Maiestie and the Beolme. Sol 
4to, 1584. 

It was printed secretly without name or place. Reprinted in the " Har- 

leian Miscellany." 

Whetstone (George) The Censure of a loyall Subject vpon certaine 
noted Speach and Behauiours of those fourteen notable tmitors 
at the Place of their Executions the xx and xxi of SeptembeTp 
last past As also of the Scottish Queen, now (thanks be to 
God) cut ofi' by lustice as the principal Koote of al their l^^ea- 
sons on Wednesday, the S of Februarie, 1586. London, 4ta 

ir>80 is evidently an error, as her execution took place in 1587. 

Leyccster. The copy of a letter to the Right Honourable the Earia 
of Ijeycester, Lieutenant-Generall of all Her Majestie's foitset in 
the united Provinces of the lowe countreys, written before bat 
dolivf red at his retume from thence. With a report of oeiteiiie 
{x^titions and declarations made to the Queenes Majestie at two 
scverall times from all the Lordes and Commona assembled in 
Parliament. And her Majesties answers thereunto by henelf 
delivered, etc. Imprinted by Christopher Barker, I5869 Sra 



MR. GUILDS LIBRARY. 247 

''Though the name of the Qaeen of Scots is not mentioned in the 
title to this tract, she is entirely the snbject of it ; and the whole work is 
most artfully framed to inflame the minds of the people against her and 
prepare them for her execution. The compiler of it was no doubt Kobert 
Cecil, whose initials are at the end of the preface." 

Verstegan (Richard) Theatrum Crudelitatum Haereticorum Nostri 
temporis. Antwerp, 1587, 4to. Frontispiece and 29 plates. 

The last plate is a representation of the execution of Mary, Queen of 
Scots. She is kneeling with her head upon the block, while the heads- 
man is swinging the axe preparatory to dealing the fatal blow. Other 
editions were published in 1592 and 1604, and a French translation ap- 
peared in 1588, all at Antwerp. It was reproduced at Lille in 1883 under 
the title of Theatre des Cruautes des Heretiques au Seizieme Siecle. Mr. 
Guild has it also. 

Vera e Compita Relatione del successo della Morte della Christian- 
issima Regina di Scotia, con la dichiaratione dell' essequie fatte in 
Parigi dal Christianissimo'Re, suo cognato, e il nome de' personaggi 
intervenuti. 4to, Milan, 1587. Four leaves. 

An Italian account of her execution in which the names are given of 
those who attended the funeral honours paid to her memory in Paris. 

Orompton (Richard) A Short Declaration of the Ende of Traytors 
and false Conspirators against the State and of the Duetie of 
Subjectes to their Souveraigne Govemour. . . . Wherein are also 
briefly touched sundry oflTences of the S(cottish) Queene committed 
against the Crowne of the Land. Sm. 4to, black letter. London, 
1587. 

Written to vindicate the justice of the execution of Marie Stuart. 

Blackwood (Adam) Martyre de la Royne D'Escosse, Dovariere de 
France. A Edimbourg chez Jean Nafeld, 1587. From the 
Beckford Library. 

KyflSn (Maurice) A Defence of the Honorable Sentence and 
Execution of the Queene of Scots, exempled with analogies and 
diverse presidents of emperors, kings and popes; with the 
opinions of learned men in the point, and diverse reasons 
gathei'ed foorth out of both lawes, civill and canon; together 
with the answere to certaine objections made by the favourites 
of the late Scottish Queene. ^* Juris executio nvllam hahet in- 
juriam.^* Sm. 4to. London : printed by John Windet (circa. 
1587). 

This is one of the rarest volumes on Marie Stuart. On the accession 
of James I. all copies were carefully suppressed and destroyed or 
mutilated. 

Fiorentino (P. W. A.) Descriptione del Regno di Scotia et Delle Isole 
sue adjacenti. 4to, Anwersa, 1588. 

Very rare. Reprinted by the Bannatyne Club. 



248 . THE LIBRARIES OF OLASOOW. 

Scotus, Romoaldus. Summarium rationum, qnibos CtnoeUarins 
Angliffi et Prolocutor Puckeringius Elizabethas Anglie R^pms 
persuaserunt occidenam esse serenissimam prindpem, Mariain 
Stuartam, Scotisd Reginam, & Jaoobi sezti Sootomm 'ELegk 
Matrem, una cum responsionibus ReginsB Anglue, et wftntfintMi 
mortis. Sm. 4to, 1588. 

Bamestapolis (Robertus) Maria Stuarta^ Reginse Scotise Dotaiia 
Franciae Hseres Angliae et HjbemisB Martyr Eoclesie Timoceni 
k codi Darleana Vindice oberto Bamestapolio. 1 2mo. Tngalntilif^ 

1588. 

Very rare. Reprinted by Jebb. 

Ros» (Thomae) Idsea, sive de Jacobi Magn® Britanniae Gallis et 
Hybemise. London: J. Norton, 1608. Svo^ vellum. 

James the Sixth's copy. 

Udall (William) Historie of tlie Life and Death of Mary Stuart^ 
Queene of Scotland. London, 1624. 

With portrait by Elstracke. This was published onder the name of 
William Strangnage. 

Another edition, with portrait and engraved title by MiLfh^ll^ 
12mo, London, 1636. 

Oonoeus (Georgius) Yitae Mariae Stuartae, Scotiae R^^inae Dotam 
Galliae, Angliae et Hibemiae Haeredis. 8vo, Romae, 1624. 

With portrait of Mary. 

De Vega (Lope) Oorona Tragica : vida y muerte de la SerenianniA 
Reyna de Escocia Maria Estuarda. Sm. 4 to, Madrid, 1627. 

Described on page 93 ' ' Ce poeme est recherche en Angleterre. " — BnmeL 
This copy has the portrait of the Queen. It is often wanting in oc^nea. 

Gatti (D. Bassianio) Maria Regina di Scotia. Poema Heroioo 
4to, Bologna, 1633. 

With frontispiece representing the execution. 

Regault (M.) Mane Stuard, Reyne d'Ecosse. 12mo^ Paris, 1638. 
With engraved frontispiece of execution. Very rara. 

Hawkins (Sir Thomas) Knight The Holy Court. Tranalated bom 
the French of Nicholas Causain. 2 vols, fa London, 1650. 



The second volume contains a " History of the InoomptraUia 
Mary Stuart, with portrait by Marshall, from Udall's Hittoria, 1636. 



MR, GUILD'S LIBRARY. 249 

Jones (David) The Tragical History of the Stuarts, from 1086 to 
the Death of her late Majesty Queen Mary. 8vo, 1697. 

Frontispiece, with 10 portraits. 

Drake (James) Historia Anglo-Scotica or an impartial History of 
all that happened between the Kings and Elingdoms of England 
and Scotland from the beginning of the reign of William the 
Conqueror to the Reign of Queen Elizabeth. Svo, London, 
1703. 

" This work was burnt by the common hangman at the cross of Edin- 
burgh, Ist July, 1703." — Cnambers's Domestic AnncUs. 

Jebb (Samuel) De Vitae et rebus gestis serenissimae Principis 
Mariae Scotorum Reginae Franciae Dotariae quae Scriptis tra- 
didere Au tores XVI., et ad optimae fidei codices recensita. 2 
vols. fo. London, 1725. 

A beautiful uncut copy. 

Fry (John) Bristol. The Legend of Mary Queen of Scots and other 
Ancient Poems. Now first published from MSS. of the sixteenth 
century. 4 to, London, 1810. 

One of six copies printed on large paper. 

Excepting the following, the topographical works on 
Scotland in the library do not call for special mention : — 
Baronial Antiquities of Scotland, by Billings, large 
paper copy ; Biggar and the House of Fleming, large 
paper copy ; Ramsay's Views in Renfrewshire ; Craw- 
ford's History of Eenfrewshire ; Hamilton's Sherif- 
doms of Lanark and Renfrew. 

Mr. Guild has the various histories of Glasgow 
and the numerous works bearing on the city issued 
during recent years, such as the Old Country Houses 
of the Glasgow Gentry, Macgeorge's Old Glasgow, and 
Glasgow Past and Present. Among the smaller books 
are the four volumes of Brash and Reid's poetry, a 
clean good copy of the curious work entitled Substance 
of Fourteen Letters written by Andrew Marshall while 
in confinement and under sentence of death in the Tol- 
booth of Glasgow, in the year 1769, also the second and 
third Glasgow directories, issued in 1787 and 1789 by 



250 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASOOW. 

Nathaniel Jones, keeper of a servants' register office in 
the Saltmarket. In respect of local directories, however, 
Mr. Guild s library is more remarkable for what it once 
contained than for what it now has. Mr. Guild pre- 
sented a great many volumes of Glasgow directories 
to the Institute of Accountants of Glasgow. He still 
preserves a volume which, in a paper on Glasgow 
directories read before the Archaeological Society of 
Glasgow in 1882, he brought forward as the earliest 
directory used in this district. It is Bailey's Northern 
Directory; or, Merchants' and Tradesmen's Useful 
Companion for 1781. It contains, in addition to the 
towns in the north of England, a directory to Edin- 
burgh, Leith, Glasgow, Paisley, Greenock, and Port- 
Glasgow. It was printed at Warrington. The first 
Glasgow Directory was issued by John Tait in 1783 ; 
the second and third, as above stated, by Jones in 
1787 and 1789. Jones also published a directory in 
1790-2, and in 1792-3 a new directory was issued by 
his son after his father s death. Walter M'Feat begun 
in 1799 to publish a directory, and continued it an- 
nually until 1827, when the work was taken up by the 
letter-carriers. 

What has been said of Mr. Guild's directories is 
equally true of his collection of early Glasgow printing. 
He presented many volumes from the presses of early 
printers to the Mitchell Library, greatly enriching the 
city collection by making a clean sweep of his own. 
But the jewel of his Glasgow books, past, present, or 
even to come, is undoubtedly his copy of Zachary 
Boyd's " Last Battell of the Soule." Several copies of 
this work are mentioned in this volume, but as Mr. 
Guild's has some features of exceptional interest, this 
place has been chosen for a thorough examination of 
the facts connected with the several issues of the book. 

The Rev. Zachary Boyd was descended from the 
Boyds of Pinkill, and is supposed to have been bom 
in Kilmarnock about 1585. He was cousin to Andrew 



MR. GUILD'S LIBRARY. 251 

Boyd, Bishop of Argyle from 1613 to 1636, and to 
Robert Boyd, son of James Boyd, Archbishop of 
Glasgow, proifessor at Saumur in France, and suc- 
cessively principal, of the universities of Glasgow and 
Edinburgh. He had probably received his earliest 
education at Kilmarnock. He attended the College 
of Glasgow, where he matriculated in 1601, and studied 
at St. Andrews University from 1603 to 1607, taking 
the degree of Master of Arts. At this time he appears 
to have gone to the Protestant college of Saumur, 
where his cousin, Robert Boyd, was a professor. In 
France he remained for the space of sixteen years. 
He was appointed one of the professors at Saumur, and 
was subsequently offered the high office of principal, 
which he declined. He returned to his native country 
in 1623, and in the same year was appointed minister 
of the Barony Parish of Glasgow. In 1631 he was 
elected Dean of Faculty in the university, and again 
in 1633 and 1636. In 1634 and 1635 he was chosen 
rector, and for a third time he filled the office in 1645. 
He was elected vice-chancellor in 1644, and continued in 
the office till his death, which is supposed to have 
happened in March or April, 1653. Mr. Gabriel Neil, 
from whose biographical notice of Boyd we have ex- 
tracted the foregoing particulars, was of opinion that 
Boyd's first work was *' Zion's Flowers ; or. Christian 
Poems for Spiritual Edification," and had been written 
before 1626. No part of this work was ever published 
imtil Mr. Neil, in his reprint of the Last Battle of the 
Soul, 1831, gave some specimens, which he was en- 
couraged to follow up with a more extensive selection 
published in 1851 under the title of " Four Poems from 
Zion's Flowers." In 1626 Boyd began the composition 
of ''The Last Battell of the Soule in Death." The 
date of the publication of the work has hitherto been 
accepted as 1629. Mr. Neil made his reprint from a 
copy of this date, and makes no mention of another 
edition in any of his notes. He at one time owned 



252 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

the copy now in the possession of Mr. J. B. Muidoch, 
mentioned further on, but not until after the issae of 
his last Boyd pubHcation. He tells how in early life he 
'^ possessed a fragment of the work which so fascinated 
him that he formed the determination, if ever he could 
obtain an entire copy, he would reprint it After a 
fruitless search of more than twenty years in di&rent 
towns, an imperfect copy was ultimately seen in Glas* 
gow and purchased at the price of two guineas, from 
which, along with two other imperfect copies, he was 
in every particular enabled to make up a complete copy, 
as published by him in 1831, in an edition of 300 
copies, now long out of print " {Four Poems from 
Zion's Flowers^ appendix li.). Several complete copies 
have appeared since Mr. Neil wrote in 1851, and 
the price has risen from the comparatively modest 
sum of two guineas to fifty guineas. An earlier 
edition or issue has also appeared. Mr. Guild has a 
copy in one volume (the ordinary copies are in two 
volumes), dated 1628. Mr. J. B. Murdoch possesses 
a similar copy, and Professor Ferguson's, although in 
two volumes and having the 1629 title-pa^, has also 
the 1628 title-page inserted in the first volume. The 
most reasonable explanation which has yet suggested it- 
self is that the worK was issued in 1628 in one volume, 
and being found too bulky, and perhaps not meeting 
with a ready sale, it was in the following year divided 
into two volumes and two title-pages pnnted with the 
later date. This conjecture is borne out by the bud 
of the paging being continuous throughout the two 
volumes, pointing to a re-issue in two parts of a work 
originally published in one. If this be the true ex- 
planation it is of course incorrect to speak of different 
editions, the later dated copy being but a re-issue of 
the remainder of the original stock. Both issues or 
editions are alike in the wording of the title-page, and 
bear to be printed at Edinburgh by the heirs of Andro 
Hart. In the 1628 volume there is none of the pre- 



MR. GUILD'S LIBRARY. 253 

fatory matter, dedications, etc., which were inserted 
in the issue of 1629. 

Boyd was proud of the city in which he spent so 
great a portion of his life, and was fond of dating his 
works from Glasgow. Had there been a printer in 
the city " The Battell of the Soule " would likely have 
been printed here. As it is, his works are inseparably 
associated with the first printing done in Glasgow. 

We take some pleasure in being the first to notice 
in print the existence of the earlier form of " The Last 
Battell of the Soule," which pleasure is increased by 
the further discovery that few were aware of more than 
one copy — that belonging to Mr. Guild — which was 
consequently generally regarded as unique. 

We cannot quit the Scottish division without men- 
tioning the learned and handsomely executed works by 
Mr. R. W. Cochran-Patrick on Mining in Scotland, 
Scottish Coins and Scottish Medals; Motherwell's 
Paisley Magazine, 1828, and a number of volumes of 
chap-books, printed at Stirling and other Scottish 
towns. 

Mr. Guild has good editions, handsomely bound, of 
the standard histories and biographies. Of the latter 
we need only particularize Ireland's Memoirs of 
Jeanne d'Arc, 2 volumes, 1824 ; a large paper copy of 
the Life of David Roberts; Peter Cunningham's 
'* Nell Gwyn," and the first edition of the Life of 
Richard Nash of Bath, 1762. 

Perhaps the most attractive portion of the library is 
that devoted to the Fine Arts. It has a brilliant ap- 
pearance, the material adornment corresponding very 
appropriately with the intrinsic worth and subject of 
the contents. On the ledge stands a handsome copy of 
Meyrick s Ancient Armour, 3 volumes ; next to it is a 
fine work, with seventy coloured illustrations of the 
costumes of the empire of Russia; Sotheby's Ram- 
blings in the Elucidation of the Autograph of Milton, 
with many plates and also outline pictures on the covers ; 



254 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Rome, by Francis Wey ; Memoirs of the Celebrated 
Persons composing the Eat-Kat Club, with 48 por- 
traits from original paintings, by Sir Ghidfrey EjaeUer ; 
the second edition of Nisbet's Heraldry ; two copies of 
Smith's Iconigraphia Scotica (1798) ; tiie book with 
the same title by John Pinkerton ; the splendid five- 
volume edition of Lavater's Essay on Physiognomy, 
1789; Reid's Descriptive Catalogue of the Works of 
George Cruikshank, with 313 illustrations, 3 volumes, 
1871 ; Westwood's Palaeographia Sacra Pictoria, 
illustrations of ancient versions of the Bible, Don 
Quixote, illustrated by Dord; the Adventures of 
Baron Munchausen, illustrated by the same artist ; the 
Ori)lian of Pimlico and other Sketches ; Fragments 
and Drawings, by W. M. Thackeray, and Charles 
Kirkj)atrick Sharpens Etchings, altogether a splendid 
series of volumes. The first shelf begins with a mag- 
nificent ten-volume edition of Lodge's Portraits of 
Illustrious Persons of Great Britain, which has for 
neighbours liamcrton's Etching and Etchers ; Sainte- 
Beauve's Nouvelle Galerie de Femmes Celebres ; the 
Maclisc Portrait Gallery ; BruUiot's Dictionnaire des 
Monogrammes, published at Munich ; the catalogue 
of the works illustrated by Thomas and John Bewick, 
with hundreds of beautiful cuts; Kay's Ekiinburgh 
Portraits, first edition ; Walton and Cotton's Com- 
plete Angler, edited by Sir Harris Nicolas, with two 
sets of plates (presentation copy to Sir Henry Ellis) ; 
Lubke's Histories of Art and Sculpture ; Ruskin s 
Mod(jrn Painters, and Stones of Venice; Greorge 
Cruikshank's Omnibus, and Table-Book, and a volume 
of hist<)ri(*al portraits selected from the National 
Portraits Exhibition of 1866. Speaking of portraits, 
we may here mention that Mr. Guild has, in addition 
to those of Queen Mary, separate portfolios of portraits 
of the Stuarts from James I. to the end of the line, 
including many of Charles I. and II., also many rare 
and fine portraits of Henry VIII. and fiilly sixty 



MR. GUILD'S LIBRARY, 255 

of Queen Elizabeth. There are also about eighty 
portraits of Shakespeare and about sixty of Sir Walter 
Scott, and an extensive collection of fine engraved 
pictures of eminent persons, including many hundreds 
of historical portraits. 

The upper shelves are almost entirely devoted to the 
works illustrated by the Bewicks. There in the order 
of their dates are — Choice Emblems, 1772; Youth's 
Instructor and Entertaining Story-Teller, Newcastle, 
1778; Gay's Fables, Newcastle, 1779; Edinburgh, 
1792; York, 1811; The Blackbird, 1783; Select 
Fables, Newcastle, 1784, and same place, 1820; Fox 
against Fox; or Political Blossoms of the Right Hon. 
Charles James Fox, 1788; Emblems of Mortality 
(known as ''Bewick's Dance of Deaths,"), 1789, 1795, 
1825; General History of British Quadrupeds, New- 
castle, 1790; Poetical Works of Oliver Goldsmith, 
Hereford, 1794 ; Gloucester, 1809, and with the 
works of Parnell, 1804; Cheap Repository (35 diflFer- 
ent tracts), 1795, etc.; Blossoms of Morality, 1796; 
Dublin, 1807, 1814; Dodsley's Economy of Life, Man- 
chester, 1797 ; Pity's Gift, 1798 ; Poems, by the Rev. 
Josiah Relph, Carlisle, 1798; Pilkington's Mirror for 
the Female Sex, 1799 ; Bloomfield's Farmers 
Boy, 1800, 1802, 1815; Bloomfield's Rival Tales, 
1802, 1815, 1820; Bloomfield's Wild Flowers, 
1816; Bloomfield's May-Day, 1822; Thomas Love- 
child's only method to make Reading Easy, York, 
1802 ; Looking-Glass for the Mind, 1803 ; Scenes of 
Youth, by William HoUoway, 1803 ; British Birds, 2 
vols., Newcastle, 1804, 1832, 1847 ; Effusions of Love 
from Chatelar to Mary, Queen of Scotland, 1805 ; 
Thomson's Seasons, 1805, 1809; Abridgement of 
Goldsmith's History of England, 1805, 1808 ; Percy's 
Hermit of Warkworth, 1806, another copy, Aln- 
wick, no date; Kay's New Preceptor, Newcastle, 
1807; Lay of an Irish Harp, by Miss Owenson (Lady 
Morgan)/l807; A Spring Day, by Fisher, Edinburgh, 



256 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

1808; Quadrupeds, Birds, Fishes, and Insects, Aln- 
wick, 1809 ; Poems, chiefly in the Scottish Dialect, by 
Thomas Donaldson, weaver, Alnwick, 1809 ; Fables in 
Verse, by Rowe, 1810 ; Thornton's Family Herbal^ 
1810; Progress of Man and Society, by Dr. Trusler, 
1810; Poetical Works, by Thomas Adams, Alnwick, 
1811 ; Northumbrian Minstrel, Alnwick, 1811 (three 
numbers with coarse paper covers as issued) ; Charms of 
Literature, 1812; Fables of -^sop and Others, with 
instructive application, by Samuel Croxall, 1813 ; 
Fables of ^sop, Newcastle, 1818; System of Natural 
History, 4 v., Alnwick, 1814; Oxford Sausage, 1815 ; 
Natural Triumphs, by Mrs. Cockle, 1814; Elegy to 
the Memory of Princess Charlotte of Wales, Newcastle, 
1817 ; Elegy on the Death of George IIL, Newcastle, 
1820 ; Lines to a Boy Pursuing a Butterfly, New- 
castle, 1826; Verses Written at Langleeford, New- 
castle, 1823; Reply to Lord Byron's ''Fare Thee 
Well,'' Newcastle, 1817, and Lines to Lady Byron, 
Newcastle, 1817, all by the same authoress; The Way 
to be Happy, or the Family at Smiledale, Glasgow, 
1819 ; Ducks and Green Peas, or the Newcastle 
Rider, Alnwick, 1827; The Collier's Wedding; a 
Poem, by Edward Chicken, Newcastle, 1829; Metrical 
Legends of Northumberland, by James Service, 
Alnwick, 1834 ; Hastie's only Method to make 
Reading Easy, Newcastle, 1839 ; Memoirs of Thomas 
Bewick, by Himself, Newcastle, 1862; Proverbs in 
Verse ; The Youngster's Diary, Alnwick (coloured) ; 
Day, a Pastoral, Alnwick (coloured, coarse paper 
wrappers) ; The Enigmatist, Stockton ; Seattle's 
Poems ; Harrison's Amusing Picture and Poetry 
Book, Devizes ; Alnwick Picture-Book for the use of 
Children, Alnwick, 3 numbers, with original wrappers ; 
Tommy Trip's History of Beasts and Birds, 1867. 
These eighty-four Bewicks are uniformly bound in full 
calf, richly tooled, and present a brilliant appearance. 
After so long a list of Bewicks, it would be unfair to 



MR. QUILUS LIBRARY. 257 

particularize the works illustrated by George Cruik- 
shank. Alone, they, would seem a fairly compre- 
hensive collection — beside the Bewicks they are not 
worth mentioning. Under the ledge are some fine 
folios. The first is the Typographical Antiquities of 
Ames, edited by Dibdin, 4 volumes, large paper, un- 
cut. Sixty-five copies of this sumptuous work were 
printed, of which this is No. 11. Next to it stands 
Leigh Sotheby's Principia Typographia, 3 volumes, a 
splendidly-executed work. Caulfield's Portraits of 
Remarkable Persons, 4 volumes ; Lord Ronald 
Gower's two volumes of French Portraits ; and Roy's 
Military Antiquities, are near neighbours, and other 
works, costly and handsome, complete the shelf. In 
addition to the works of John Ruskin already named, 
Mr. Guild has the greater number of the smaller 
volumes, forming altogether a large collection of his 
works. Two little books and we will dismiss this 
division. They are The Compleat Gentleman, by 
Henry Peacham, London, 1661, notable for some 
coloured illustrations of the " Art of Blazonry," and a 
volume of Emblems by Giovio Vescoro di Nocera, 
Lyons, 1574. 

The department of Fiction is a considerable one. It 
contains the best modern editions of Dickens, Thacke- 
ray, Fielding, Smollett, and other leading novelists ; the 
first editions of Scott's Waverley Novels, and an extra 
tine copy of Paul and Virginia, Paris, 1838, with plates 
in three, and some in four, states. In classics the only 
notable volumes are Jacob Tonson's famous folio edition 
of Caesar, 1712, richly illustrated ; the first edition of 
Gawain Douglas's translation of Virgil, and Ovid's 
Metamorphosis, translated by Tuski, 1584. 

Bibliography is a prominent feature in the library. 
Three divisions are devoted to it, and glancing over them 
we see on their well-known works the names of Burton 
(Book-hunter, first edition), Sir Egerton Brydges 
(Restituta, on India paper, large, perhaps the only 

17 



258 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

copy on India paper)^ Censura Literari, 10 yolumeSy 
Archaica, Beloe (Anecdotes of Literature and Scarce 
Books), AUibone (Dictionary of English Literature)* 
Brunet (Manuel du Libraire), Collier (Barly Eng. 
Literature), De Bure (Bibliographic Instructive, etc)«, 
Dibdin (Bibliomania, several ecQtions ; Library Com- 
panion, Reminiscences, Director, Bibliotheca Sussex!- 
ana), Ebert (Bibliographical Dictionary), Hain 
(Repertoriam Bibliographicum), Halkett and Laing 
(Dictionary of Anonymous and Pseudonymous 
Literature), Hartshome (Book Rarities of Cambridge), 
Hindi ey (Old Book Collectors' Miscellany), Lowndes 
(Bibliographer's Manual), Nisard ^Histoire des Livres 
Populaires), Oldys (British Libranan), Walpole (Cata- 
logue of Royal and Noble Authors), Watt (Bibli- 
otheca Britannica), and many others. The Libri Cata- 
logue, 5 volumes ; the Huth Catalogue, the Rox- 
burgh Catalogue, the Retrospective Review, and the 
Bibliotheca Anglo-Poetica have for company a goodly 
number of other catalogues of famous libraries. We 
reserve for the last the splendid collection of autograph 
letters, but before touching on them it may be as 
well to dismiss a few books which hardly come under 
any of the classes already described. These are 
— an extremely small copy of Sir Thomas More's 
Utopia, published at Amsterdam in 1631 ; some of the 
works issued at the Strawberry, Lee Priory, and 
Auchinleck private presses ; the library edition of 
Carlyle's works ; and a complete set of the Oxford 
classics, full bound. 

The autograph letters are systematically arranged, 
each in a neat brown envelope, and the whole classified 
and securely preserved in 15 portfolios. The classes 
are royal, military, political, legal, literair, theatrical, 
clerical, artistic, and miscellaneous. Mr. Guild admits 
letters only to his collection, not mere autographs. 
The portfolios contain letters from nearly 400 persons 
more or less distinguished. 



MR. GUILD'S LIBRARY. 259 

Among the Royal writers are John Stewart, Duke 
of Albany, second son of James II. of Scotland ; 
James Fitz-James, Duke of Berwick, Marshal of 
France, and natural son of James II. of England; 
Marie Stuart, the ill-fated Queen of Scots ; her son, 
James I. of England; Charles 11. ; James III., the 
Pretender; his son. Prince Charles Edward Stuart, 
the young Pretender; George II., George III., 
George IV., Her Majesty Queen Victoria, the late 
Duke of Albany, Francis L, King of France, 1515-47 ; 
his son, Henry II., King, 1547-59 ; Louis XIV., "the 
most magnificent of the Bourbon Kings *' ; Napoleon I. 
iind Louis Phillippe, the Citizen King. Some of the 
fioldiers are Colonel James Gardiner, killed at the 
battle of Prestonpans ; Sir Ralph Abercromby, George 
Washington, Marshal Ney, Lord Nelson, the Duke of 
Wellington, Lord Clyde, and Garibaldi. The letters 
of Lord Nelson include a number addressed to Lady 
Hamilton, with the replies, and there are beside two very 
extraordinary epistles from the Earl of Bristol, Bishop 
of Derry, to his dearest Emma, Lady Hamilton, 
showing the intimate relations which existed between 
them. 

Among the statesmen and politicians are — William 
Pitt, Charles James Fox, Henry Dundas, Viscount 
Melville, John Wilkes, Henry Grattan, Daniel O'Con- 
nell. Lord Brougham, Joseph Hume, Earl Gray, Sir 
Robert Peel, Lord John Russell, Lord Lansdowne, 
Mr. Gladstone, Prince Talleyrand, Lafayette, Mazzini, 
and Louis Blanc. 

The portfolio Theatrical contains letters from many 
noted actors, actresses, and singers. John Philip 
Kemble and Mrs. Siddons are there, so are Charles 
Kean and Helen Tree, John Bannister, J. M. Bellew, 
Helen Paucit, Jenny Lind, Henry Irving, Ellen Terry, 
and Herman Vezin. 

Some distinguished divines have contributed to 
the collection. Among others, the famous com- 



260 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

mentator, Matthew Henry; Bishop Heber, Dr. 
Thomas Chalmers, Bishop Wilberforce, Bishop 
Colenzo, Dr. Ralph Wardlaw, Archbishop Trench, 
Dean Stanley, Frederick Denison Maurice, Principal 
Tulioch, and Principal Caird. 

Among the artists are Sir Joshua Beynolds, Sir 
Thomas Lawrence, Sir Joseph Banks, Sir Fiancia 
Chantry, John Flaxman, Benjamin B.. BEaydon, 
David Koberts, and Daniel Maclise. 

The largest portfolio is that designated Literary. 
The principal writers of the last hundred years are 
numerously represented. One envelope contains a 
bond by David Hume for £130 in favour of his servant, 
Margaret Irvine, on account of her byegone wages ; 
executed 2nd June, 1771. Some of the Tetters of Sir 
Walter Scott are exceedingly interesting. There is 
a series of letters which passed between him and 
Charles Kirkpatrick Sharpe which in an odd way 
marks the progress of the intimacy between the two. 
Sir Walter begins his first letter with "Sir"; this 
soon lengthened into " Dear Sir," and then into " My 
Dear Sir " ; another step and it reaches " Dear 
Sharpe," and the limit of friendly address is attained 
in " My Dear Charles." Scott's letter to Hood accept- 
ing the dedication of "Whims and Oddities" is a 
very kindly one ; but full of a melancholy interest are 
his letters to the printers, Ballantyne and Constable, 
in whose commercial ruin he was so heavily involved. 
Quite a unique value attaches to a bundle of cashed 
cheques granted by Sir Walter on the bank of Gala- 
shiels in favour of his servants. A letter by Bums is 
always of great interest and is highly pnzed. The 
one in Mr. Guild's portfolio is accompanied by a poem 
which has never been published. We are sorry that 
the subject of the verses forbids their insertion here, as 
they are very witty. Within the same covers are 
letters written by Lord Byron, Shelley, Samuel 
liogers, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Allan Cunning* 



MR QUILUS LIBRARY. 261 

ham, Robert Blair, Sir Alexander Boswell, Joanna 
Baillie, The Ettrick Shepherd, Rev. John Home 
(author of "Douglas"), Allan Ramsay, Robert 
Southey, Thomas Campbell, James Macpherson (of 
*' Ossian " fame), Thomas Moore, James Montgomery, 
William Wordsworth, Lord Tennyson, Robert iBrown- 
ing, E. L. Landon, Lord Houghton, D. M. Moir 
(" Delta "), William Morris, Ebenezer Elliot, Sheridan 
Knowles, Mrs. Grant of Laggan, Robert GilfiUan, 
W. E. Aytoun, Victor Hugo, Beranger, Eliza Cook, 
William Thom (of Inverurie), Sergeant Talfourd, 
Alaric A. Watts, William Motherwell, Barry Corn- 
wall, Rev. George Crabbe, and Isa Craig. 

Among the novelists are Charles Dickens, Wilkie 
Collins, Thackeray, W. Harrison Ainsworth, Theo- 
dore Hook, Thomas Hardy, William Black, Thomas 
Hughes, Mrs. Gore, John Gait, G. P. R. James, 
Charles Kingsley, Henry Kingsley, Charles James 
Lever, Samuel Lover, Charles Reade, Horace Smith, 
Maria Edgeworth, Alexander Dumas, Jane Porter, 
Amelia Opie, Mrs. Oliphant, Hon. Mrs. Norton, 
Henry Mackenzie, Captain Marry at. Lord Lytton, 
Charlotte M. Yonge, William Beckford (" Vathek "), 
and Mrs. Henry Wood. 

The writers on other subjects from whom epistles 
find a place here are many. Some of the best known 
are Tom Hood (father and son), Charles Lamb, 
Harriet Martineau, Mary Russell Mitford, Lady 
Morgan, Horace Mann, Lord Macaulay, Niebuhr, 
Macvey Napier, John Wilson Croker, Lord Cockbum, 
Lord Jeffrey, Charles Darwin, Thomas de Quincey, 
Hepworth Dixon, Isaac D'Israeli, James Anthony 
Froude, John Forster, Maiy Somerville, Sir William 
StirUng Maxwell, Sydney Smith, Agnes Strickland, 
St. Beuve, Baron Von Humboldt, John Ruskin, 
William Roscoe, John Gibson Lockhart, George 
Henry Lewis, Charles Knight, William Jesse, William 
Jerdan, William Henry Ireland (Shakespeare forger). 



262 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Michael Faraday, Professor Huxley, William Grodwiiv 
Francis Grose, Guizot, James O. Halliwell, J. PayiM 
Collier, Sir Arthur Helps, William and Manr Howit» 
David Hume, Leigh Hunt, Sir Archibala Alison^ 
Lucy Aikin. Sir John Bowring, Dr. John Biown, Sir 
David Brewster, Thomas Carlyle, William Combep 
Horace Walpole, Patrick Fraser Tytler, A. F. Tytler^ 
William Cobbett, Sir John Lubbock, Professor Seelej, 
Henry Rogers, Captain Parry, Alexander I)^ce,. 
Thomas Frognall Dibdin, John Pinkerton, John 
Stuart Mill, Lord Holland, Lord Mahon, J. Herman 
Merivale, Chateaubriand, and Henry Home, Lord 
Karnes. 

One of the portfolios contains a packet of very im- 
portant letters addressed by the beautiful Jane^ 
Duchess of Gordon, to Francis Farquharson of Inve- 
ray and others in reference to her separation from her 
husband. Mr. Guild had these letters printed 
privately in a handsome quarto volume in 1864. 

Other autographs of interest are those of Sir John 
Soane, Duncan Forbes, President of the Court of 
Session ; Anna, Countess of Archibald, ninth Earl of 
Argyle, who was executed at Edinburgh ; Geoigiana, 
Duchess of Devonshire; Simon, Lord Lovat, exe- 
cuted in 1746 for complicity in the rebeUion ; John 
Sobieski Stuart, the Countess Guiccioli, Count d'Orsay, 
John Howard, Harry Erskine, Dr. Jenner, Sir Row- 
land Hill, Florence Nightingale, Father Mathew, 
Lord Chancellor Eldon, Miss Berry, and the Barone» 
Burdett-Coutta 

It has given us no uncommon pleasure to visit and 
write of this magnificent collection of books, or rather 
collection of collections, tempered even though that 
pleasure was by the fear of being unable to give such 
an account of it as its size, w*ealth, and beauty de- 
manded at our hands. In appearance it is beautifol ; 
in literary treasure surpassing rich. 



MR. HILL'S LIBRARY. 263 



CHAPTER XV. 

LIBRART OF GEORGE WINGATE HILL, ESQ., CASHIER, UNION 
BANK OF SCOTLAND ; RESIDENCE, PRINCES TERRACE, 
DOWANHILL. 

Character of Mr. HilVs Library — Poetry and the 
Drama — Scottish Poetry — Scottish Biography^ His- 
tory, and Topography — Rushins Works — Other Fine 
Art Boohs — Fiction — Bibliography, &c. 

This is an excellent library, leisurely and judiciously 
chosen. Mr. Hill has ranged over the whole field of 
literature, and culled with fine discrimination choice 
flowers here and there. His marked liking for the 
domain of the heather and the thistle has not dulled 
his appreciation of the products of other lands, and his 
library, while having strongly marked Scottish features, 
is well-balanced and comprehensive. It is a gathering 
of friends deliberately chosen, with whom there are 
none but the happiest associations. The dominant 
feeling with Mr. Hill being generally, we fancy, not so 
much to possess a rarity as a desirable book, there are 
few of extreme rarity to chronicle. In our first class, 
we will only mention a large paper copy of the 
"Immaculate" Bible, printed by Sir James Hunter 
Blair and Coy. ; Dunlop's Confession of Faith, 
etc. ; and the edition of the Psalms, with music, 
printed by the heirs of Andro Hart, at Edinburgh, in 
1635, commonly known as Knox's Liturgy or Psalter. 
This was the edition from which the admirable reprint 
edited by the Rev. Neil Livingstone was taken. The 
leading editions of the Scottish Psalter are those of 
1595, 1615, and 1635. Its first official appearance was 



264 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

in 1564, and it was discarded for the present metrical 
version in 1650. Between these dates about forty 
editions appeared. David Laingfs copy of the 1635 
edition sold at £15 15s. 

Mr. Hill was a subscriber to Mr. J. Payne Collier's 
edition of Shakespeare with the ^' purest text and the 
briefest notes/' and among other editions of the great 
dramatist's works has Pickering^s beautiful diamond 
edition, that edited by Dyce, and that known as the 
Cambridge Shakespeare. The dates and publishers of 
the editions of the works of Spenser, Marlowe, Peele, 
Green, Webster, Beaumont and Fletcher, Ben 
Jonson, Chaucer, Otway, Middleton, Ford, Shirley, 
Foote, Butler, Dryden, Chatterton, Cowper, Shelley, 
Byron, Southey, Wordsworth, and other poets need 
not be detailed ; sufficient to say that they are all 
editions of high repute. Ritson's works, Dodsley's Old 
Plays, the Aldine series of Poets, Child's Ballads, 
Utterson's Early Popular Poetry, the publications of 
the Percy Society, with suppressed parts, the Percy 
Folio MS., Rogers' Poems and Italy (1830-34, beautK 
ful copies), and an edition of Goethe's Faust, published 
at London in 1838, in 2 volumes (50 copies printed, 40 
for sale), occupy places in this division, a division 
characterized by high all-round excellence. 

We might aismiss the sections containing Scottish 
poetry in a sentence, by saying that they contain the 
works of every Scottish poet whose fame has been 
more than national, and many more of lesser merit : 
but such summary procedure would neither be fair to 
the authors or to Mr. Hill, nor respectful treatment of 
that failing for verse-making which moved some one to 
say that if a gun w ere fired at random in any of our 
streets it would be sure to bring down a poet 

Of Bums, Mr. Hill has the second and third editions 
issued in Edinburgh and London respectively in 1787* 
an uncut copy of that published at Edinburgh in 1811, 
2 volumes ; Hogg and Motherwell's edition, 5 volumes. 



MR. HILL'S LIBRARY. 265 

Macpherson's edition of Wyntoun's Chronicle of Scot- 
land is bound in pigskin, a material not susceptible 
of a very fine polish. Mr. Hill's copy of Leyden's 
edition of the Complaynt of Scotland is a large paper 
one, and he has a large as well as a small paper copy 
of Ancient Scottish Poems from the MS. of George 
Bannatyne. The Tea-Table Miscellany, 3 volumes, 
12mo, 1733, is worthy of notice as an edition not men- 
tioned by Lowndes, and one rarely seen for sale. Mr. 
Hill has the original edition of Herd's Ancient 
Scottish Ballads, Ramsay's Evergreen, Chambers's 
Songs of Scotland, Cunningham's Songs of Scotland, 
Peter Buchan's Ballads, Jamieson's Scottish Songs 
(with a portion of the manuscript), Kinloch s Scottish 
Ballads, Scotish Poems of the Sixteenth Century, Sib- 
bald's Chronicle of Ancient Scottish Poetry, Mother- 
well's Minstrelsy, Gilchrist's Scottish Ballads, the col- 
lection of songs and ballads edited by John Pinkerton, 
Finlay's Ballads, Johnson's Scots Musical Museum. 
He has also Chalmers's fine edition of Sir David Lynd- 
say's works, 3 volumes, 1806 ; Laing's Select Remains 
of Ancient Popular Poetry, uncut, 1822 ; his Fugitive 
Poetry, 2 volumes, uncut, first and second series, 1825- 
1853 ; and Early Metrical Tales, 1826 ; his editions of 
Dunbar, Henryson, and Lyndsay, and many other of 
his publications, and likewise those of James Maid- 
ment; the well-known but scarce biographies of the 
families of Douglas and Angus, the Bruces and Comyns, 
the Somervilles, and other prominent houses are pre- 
sent, supplementing a capital array of the best and most 
authoritative works on the general history and topo- 
graphy of Scotland. Of these we need only single out 
for separate mention a beautiful large paper copy of 
Billings' Baronial Antiquities, a copy of similar ampli- 
tude of margin of Sir Walter Scott's Border Antiquities, 
and fine copies of Innes's Critical Essay upon the In- 
habitants of Scotland, White's Kintyre, Bellenden's 
translation of Boece's Chronicle, Pennant's Tour in 



266 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Scotland and Wales, and Ure's History of Rutherglen 
and East Kilbride, with the life of Ure by Gray boand 
up with it. 

Mr. Hill is a member of the Society of Antiquaries 
of Scotland, and possesses the Transactions of that body 
from the year 1851. He has many of the books on 
Glasgow which every Glasgow collector feels anxious 
to obtain, and has subscribed for the best of the many 
works brought out on the city within the last thirty 
years or so. He has Adam Sim's (Coulter) copy of 
the Memorabilia of Glasgow, 1835, the same gentle- 
man's copy of the Chronicle of the Isles, Glasgow, 1826^ 
a very curious work, much of which was written by 
Gabriel Neil, the biographer and editor of Zachary 
Boyd; a large paper copy of the reprint of M'Ure's 
View of Glasgow, and very fine copies of Stuart's, 
Swan's, and other volumes of Glasgow views. 

Mr. Hill's copy of Henderson's Scottish Proverbs 
belonged to William Motherwell, the poet It is in 
large paper, and uncut. The Paisley Magazine is of 
course present. Kay's Edinburgh Portraits, first 
edition, in spotless purity, is here ; Crombie's Modem 
Athenians, Burton's Scot Abroad, and St. John's Sport 
in Moray. Buckle the historian's copy of the first 
edition of Jamieson's Scottish Dictionary has found a 

I)resent resting-place in Mr. Hill's library. The col- 
ection contains a complete set of the Oxford classics, 
and a series of general histories and biographies so 
comprehensive as to leave out no great name or 
country. 

Few collectors will have more of Ruskin's works 
than Mr. Hill, and none, finer copies. The most 
valuable work, from a pecuniary point of view, 
after some of Ruskin's, among the fine-art books is 
probably Walpole's Anecdotes of Painting, large paper* 
A copy appeared not long ago in a bookseller's cata* 
logue at £23 10s. It is a handsome book. Of Hamer* 
ton's Etching and Etchers the three editions are here, 



MR. HILLS LIBRARY. 267 

and the other works of a kindred nature are — Kirk- 
Patrick Sharpens Etchings, Dibdin's Typographical 
Antiquities, Shaw's Dresses and Decorations, large 
paper ; the same writer's Illuminated Ornaments, large 
paper; Strutt's Habits, Humphrey's Printing, La- 
croix's works on Mediaeval France, some of Bewick'& 
illustrated volumes, Cruikshank's Comic Almanac, and 
many illustrated editions of Walton and Cotton's 
Angler. 

Science is better represented than in many larger 
libraries. The works are all modern, and not confined 
to any one department of scientific labour. 

So excellently-selected a library necessarily contains 
a well-filled press of fiction. Scott's novels are in 48 
volumes, those of Fielding and Thackeray are editions 
de luxe, while Dickens, Lytton, Disraeli, Smollett, 
Defoe, and other writers are also in handsome form. 
Of Don Quixote and Robinson Crusoe there are 
several separate editions of high value on account of 
their illustrations. Of the Arabian Nights' Entertain- 
ments there are the first edition of Lane's version, and 
the luxurious and free translation issued by the Villon 
Society. 

Bibliography has due recognition. Besides the 
ordinary books of reference, there is a fine uncut copy 
of the Bibliotheca Anglo Poetica, NichoU's Anecdotes 
Illustrative of the Eighteenth Century, Sir Egerton 
Brydges' Restituta and Censura Literaria, Dibdin's 
Decameron, Tour in France and Germany, uncut, Tour 
in England and Scotland, uncut. The Bibliomania, 
Burton's Bookhunter, and Collier's Decameron. 

Although good bindings do not always denote good 
books, good books should always be in good bindings. 
Given a book excellent in subject and treatment, well- 
printed on good paper, a beautiful coat is a natural 
complement. It is but a due recognition of the 
author, and skill and taste of the printer. Mr. Hill 
is not wanting in a proper appreciation of either. His^ 



268 THE LIBRARIES OF OLASOOW. 

books are handsomely and appropriately bound. The 
seductive influence of charming books in equally chann- 
ing garb is powerful, and tempts one to linger over 
them, even after one has ceased to have anything 
to say, and the patience of the reader is exhausted. 
Pew libraries contain so many works which no gentle- 
man's library should be without, and few so small a 
number of books the possession of which docs not add 
to, nor their absence mar the importance of, a library 
as the collection of which we now take leave. 



CHAPTER XVL 

LIBRARY OF AL£X*ANDER MACDONALD, ESQ., LYNEDOGH 

STREET. 

General Remarks — Psaltei*s and Bibles — Witchcraft , 
Case of Christian Shaw — Poetiy — Scottish Poetry^ 
Fovhess CantuSf Watson's Scots Poems — Illiterate 
Glasgow Pnnter — Chap-hooks — Symsons Elegies — 
Jean Adam, Authoress of ** There's Nae Luck About 
the House " — David Laing's Copy of his Edition of 
Dunbar's Poems — First Book PHnted in Stirling — 
Robert Lekpremck, the Printer — Gowrie Conspiracy — 
Scottish Topography — Graham, of Killem and Rob 
Roy — Scottish Biography — Glasgow Books — Boyd's 
*' Last Battellofthe SouW—Tlie First Book Printed 
in Glasgow — First Glasgow Directory, 1783 — Maps 
of Glasgow — Glasgow Periodicals — Children s Books 
One Hundred Years Ago — King Jamess " Counter- 
blaste to Tobacco " — Broadsides and Proclamations 
— Conclusion. 

This is a library of which very little has hitherto been 
known. With characteristic modesty, the owner per- 



MB. MACDONALUS LIBRARY, 26& 

sistentlj spoke of his collection in a depreciatory tone, 
and so far succeeded as to have got into the mysterious 
list who, for all the world knows, may have a fine 
ooUectioA or nothing at all. It is a common experience 
that much may be said on a matter about which little 
or nothing is known. And few things lend themselves 
to this kind of treatment so readily as collections, 
whether they be of books or pictures. It is so easy to 
shrug the shoulders and knowingly express the opinion 
that the collection contains some choice things, or to 
say that it is much overrated, and if everything was 
known, etc. 

Well, it is our pleasant lot to give some account of 
a library little known, and which contains some very 
curious, rare, and interesting things indeed. 

It is almost exclusively a Scottish library, and in this 
respect has much in common with the libraries of 
Messrs. Gray and Shields. It contains amongst other 
works a large number of rare first editions of Scottish 
poets (including some scarce editions of the works of 
Bums), a considerable collection of editions of Blind 
Harry's " Wallace" and Barbour's *' Bruce," some rare 
books on witchcraft, a number of books bearing the 
authors' autographs, and a splendid collection of books, 
maps, periodicals, and pictures relating to Glasgow. 

Many of the books are well bound, and some hand- 
somely so. With these prefatory remarks, we may 
enter on a consideration of the library in detail. 

In Theology, the earliest work is John Knox's 
** Answer to a Great Nomber of Blasphemous Cauila- 
tions written by an Anabaptist " (printed at Geneva by 
John Crespin, in 1560, and noticed fully in the descrip- 
tion of Mr. Young's library). The next is entitled 
" An Harmony of the Confessions of the Faith of the 
Christian and Reformed Churches, with verie short notes, 
translated out of Latin into English"; **The Con- 
fession of the Church of Scotland," Cambridge, 1586. 
A curious and erudite work is John Napier of Merchis- 



470 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

ton's " Plaine Discovery of the Whole Keyelation of 
St. John," Waldegrave, Edinburgh, 1593. It was the 
occasion of much discussion at the time of its publica- 
tion, and was translated into several Continental 
languages. The present is a good copy. A scarce and 
interesting book is Alex. Burnet the Archbishop of 
Glasgow's sermon on the death of the Marquis of 
Montrose, entitled " The ' Blessedness of the bead/' 
printed at Glasgow by Sanders, 1673. It has the 
City arms on the back of the title-page. 

The earliest of Mr. Macdonald's copies of the 
Shorter Catechism is one published at London in 
1656. 

He has one of the three important editions of the 
Scottish Psalter, that printed by Andro Hart, Edin- 
burgh, 1615. Rev. Neil Livingstone, the editor of 
the reprint of the Scottish Psalter, speaks of it as a 
'^handsome and well -printed edition," and again as 
" in the musical department one of the most correctly 
printed editions." The other two editions which with 
this one stand out as important were those of 1595 and 
1635. 

Of Bibles, Mr. Macdonald has the first edition of 
the authorized version in Scotland, Edinburgh, printed 
by the printers to the King's Most Excellent Majestie, 
1633. It is very rare, and the vahie of this copy is 
enhanced by its having the Apocrypha — many copies 
want it. Bound up with it are the Psalms (Cam* 
bridge, 1628), a concordance, and some religious 
tractates. It is in fine condition. Mr. Macdonald 
has also the first Gaelic version of the Bible, London, 
1690; Kirks Gaelic Psalms, 1684; the first Gaelic 
Confession of Faith, Edinburgh, 1725; and the first 
edition authorized by the Church of Scotland of the 
Paraphrases, Edinburgh, 1781. Cloud of Witnesses, 
1720. — This is the second edition; no copy could be 
found when the work was reprinted some years ago 
under the editorship of the Rev. J. H. Thomson. 



JtR. MACD0NALU8 LIBRARY. 271 

A very rare book on Witchcraft is the first edition 
of Kichard Baxter's "Certainty of the World of 
Spirits," London, 1691. Charles Kirkpatrick Sharpe, 
in the " Introduction to Law's Memorials," terms 
it scarce. His own copy was imperfect. Other 
rare and curious books on the same subject are: 
*' Memorable Providences relating to Witchcrafts and 
Possessions ; A Faithful Account of Many Wonderful 
and Surprising Things that have Befallen Several 
Bewitched and Possessed Persons in New England. 
Written by Cotton Mather, Minister of the Gospel ; 
printed at Boston, in New England, and re-printed in 
Edinburgh by the Heirs and Successors of Andrew 
Anderson, printer to His Most Excellent Majesty. 
Anno Dom., 1697;" Gayle's ''Select Cases of Con- 
science, touching Witches and Witchcraft," London, 
1646 ; a Collection of Modern Relations of Matters of 
Fact concerning Witches and Witchcraft, by Sir Mat- 
thew Hale, London, 1693;" "A Relation of the 
Diabolical Practices of above Twenty Wizards and 
Witches of the Sheriffdom of Renfrew, in Scotland," 
London, 1697. This is extremely scarce, probably 
only a few copies being now extant. ** Sadducismus 
Debellatus, or a true Relation of Sorceries and Witch- 
crafts exercised by the Devil and his instruments on 
Mrs. Christian Shaw,*' London, 1698 ; another edition, 
Paisley, 1775. Christian Shaw was, at the time of the 
supposed bewitchings, a girl of eleven years of age. 
Her father, John Shaw, was laird of Bargarran, a 
small estate in the parish of Erskine, in Renfrewshire. 
**The child having informed her mother of a petty 
theft committed by a servant, the woman broke out 
upon her with frightful violence, wishing her soul 
might be harld [dragged] through hell, and thrice 
imprecating the curse of God upon her " ('* Chambers's 
Domestic Annals," v. 3, p. 168). Eight days after- 
wards little Christian began to take violent fits, during 
which she screamed for help. She continued to take 



272 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

these fits, to wrestle as if with an unseen enemy, and 
to vomit forth hair, straw, wool, cinders, hay, and 
feathers for months. She was taken to a Glasgow 
doctor, who succeeded in restoring her to health for a 
period of sixteen days, and would have completely 
cured her but for the "hairs, hay, straw, and other 
things wholly contrary to human nature." She de- 
nounced the servant as the cause of her trouble, and 
subsequently increased the number of her tormentors 
to six. An inquiry was held into the case by order 
of the Privy Council, and in the midst of it Christian 
resumed her usual health, and never was afflicted again 
in a like manner. The accused persons were tried at 
Paisley, the Lord Advocate, Sir James Stuart, prose- 
cuting, and were found guilty. On 10th June, 1697, 
five of them were hung, and afterwards burned on the 
gallow green of Paisley. Christian Shaw married the 
minister of Kilmaurs about 1718, and her husband 
dying, she returned in 1725 to Bargarran. To her 
belongs the credit of introducing the manufacture of 
thread into her native district, where it has since 
developed to so great dimensions. 

An extraordinary story of an evil spirit and its de- 
structive doings is that related by Rev. Alexander 
Telfair, minister of the parish of Rerrick, in the 
stewartry of Kirkcudbright. Stones were thrown into 
the house of Andrew Mackie, a mason, the inmates 
were dragged up and down the house by the clothes, 
and the house was set on fire. When any person was 
hit by a stone a voice was heard saying, '* Take that 
till you get more ! " and another was sure to come 
immediately. The volume in which these surprising 
events are related is entitled, " A True Relation of an 
Apparition, Expressions and Actings of a Spirit which 
Infested the House of Andrew Mackie, in the Parish 
of Rerrick, in Scotland, 1695, by Alexander Telfair," 
Edinburgh, 1696. Another story of barbarous and 
inhuman treatment of reputed witches is told in a 



MR. MACDONALUS LIBRARY. 273 

small and scarce volume called *' A True and Full Re- 
lation of the Witches at Pittenweem," Edinburgh, 1704. 

Of Mr. Macdonald's general poetry we will name but 
a few works. They are, ** Seven Sobs of a SorrowfuU 
Soule for Sinne/' by William Hunnis, London, 1597. 
This is the second edition; the first was issued 
in 1585 — ^both are very rare. "Byron's Hours of 
Idleness," Newark, 1807. This is a fine copy of the 
rare first edition. The very severe notice which 
it received in the " Edinburgh Review " roused 
Lord Byron to the production of the bitter satire, 
''English Bards and Scotch Reviewers," of which 
Mr. Macdonald has also the first edition. " The Chris- 
tian Year/' by Keble, 2 volumes, Oxford, 1827 — this 
is the rare first edition, a facsimile of which was issued 
some years ago. ''Wordsworth's Poetical Works," 8 
volumes, 1843-51, bears the autograph of the poet — 
an autograph seldom seen — written at the request of 
Charles Boner on his visit at Rydal Mount, 1st Febru- 
ary, 1845 ; it has also Boner's name on the last 
volume. Bailey's "Festus," first edition, 1839; later 
editions were altered. On the fly-leaf are eight lines 
firom the poem over the fine signature of Bailey. Mr. 
Macdonald has also a copy of " Hazlitt's English 
Poets," with the signature and annotations of Alaric A. 
Watts, the accomplished editor of the "Literary 
Souvenir." 

In the domain of Scottish poetry, as might be 
expected, Mr. Macdonald is strong. We may begin 
with a beautiful copy of John Forbes's "Cantus, Songs, 
and Fancies, set to Music to Three, Four, or Five 
Parts, both haft for Voices and Viols, with a brief 
Introduction to Music," by T. D.[avidson], Aberdeen, 
1682. It is the third edition. Of the first edition, 
Aberdeen, 1662, the copy which belonged to George 
Chalmers was supposed to be the only one in existence. 
It is said to contain the original of the air of '^ God 
Save the Queen." 

18 



274 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

An extremely rare book, and, in the present case, 
having highly interesting associations of ownership, is 
" Watson's Collection of Scots Poems." This copy 
belonged to Bishop Percy, editor of the " ReUques of 
Ancient Enfflish Poetry,'' and has the following note 
in his handwriting on the fly-leaf of oneTf the 
volumes: — "It should seem that this publication is 
very scarce and rare, as Ritson, in his ' Scotish Songs,* 
2 vols., London, 1794, 12mo, appears never to have 
seen or heard of it when he was raking into all the 
old collections of this sort, and making inquiries every- 
where on this subject. Had he seen the third piurt 
he might have given Montrose's song, p. 107, correctly, 
and others of this hero's, which are omitted by him 
entirely." 

It was issued in three parts in 1706, 1709, and 1711. 
The number of copies issued of the first part was very 
small. A second edition of it only was published in 
1713, with some slight alterations, and sets are often 
made up with this second edition of the first part in place 
of the edition of 1706. The three parts were intended 
for binding in one volume, and it is usual to do so, but 
Mr. Macdonald has bound the four volumes (the first, 
second, and third parts, and the second edition of the 
first part) separately in a uniform and elegant style. It 
may be mentioned that, besides the note quoted above, 
the volumes bear many other emendations by their 
celebrated former possessor. The work was reprinted 
in Glasgow in 1869. 

The interest of the " Jacobite's Curse " is more acci- 
dental than intrinsic. It was printed by Hugh Brown, 
Glasgow, 1714, who spelled his Christian name thus — 
Huhg, and subscribed himself " printer to the Univer- 
sity.' The printing of the book is in keeping with the 
illiterateness of the imprint. Dr. Robert Chambers 
in a note on this volume says, " How highly it speaks 
for the literary status of the western university in 1714, 
that Huhg Brown was its printer." Dr. Chamben 



MR MACDONALUS LIBRARY. 275 

should have stated that the Senatus of the University 
repudiated Huhg Brown's claim to be their printer. 
(See appendix to M'Ure's '* History of Glasgow," 
second edition, 1830.) 

Of Allan Ramsay's Poems, Mr. Macdonald has, 
amongst several other editions, that issued by Thomas 
Euddiman, 2 volumes, Edinburgh, 1721-8, having both 
portraits, and bearing the autograph of Alexander 
Duncan, of Lundie, ancestor of the Earl of Camper- 
down. He has also the handsomely printed and 
illustrated edition of the " Gentle Shepherd," issued 
by the famous Glasgow printers, Foulis. 

The most popular books among the people of Scot- 
land during the three centuries succeeding the intro- 
duction of printing were undoubtedly (excluding the 
Bible and some other religious works) Barbour's 
"Bruce" and Blind Harry's "Wallace." Almost 
every Scottish poet, and notably Burns, speaks of them 
with affection as among the earliest books they read. 
The influence they exercised may be plainly traced in 
the writings of our national bard, and in those of other 
less gifted but as patriotic countrymen. The rugged 
narrative of the valiant deeds of the national heroes 
ministered to that spirit of almost aggressive independ- 
ence characteristic of the untravelled and untutored 
Scot, and especially to the hatred of England, which it 
has taken many generations of peaceful union and 
intercourse to subdue. No other books were more 
read, and consequently it is extremely difficult to get 
clean and perfect copies. Mr. Macdonald has a con- 
siderable number in fine condition. 

The " Tripatriarchichon, or the Lives of the Patri- 
archs Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob," in verse, Edinburgh, 
1705 — this is a volume by Andrew S3'^mson, author of 
a ** Large Description of Galloway." The present copy 
is from the library of the late David Laing. Bound 
up with it are the very rare elegies by the same writer 
respecting which Lord Dundrennan in his notice intro- 



276 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

ductory to Symson's Galloway says, " Symson was also 
the author of several elegies. The editor is not aware of 
the precise period at which they were printed. They 
are of considerable rarity, and he has only seen one 
copy, which was most politely communicated to him by 
Sir Walter Scott. It is bound up with the ' Tripatri- 
archichon,' but has no title-page and bears no date." 

A rare volume, around the authoress of which con- 
siderable interest has gathered, is among Mr. Mac- 
donald's possessions. It is entitled *' Miscellany 
Poems, by Mrs. Jane Adam, in Cartsdyke." It is 
a 12mo, published in Glasgow in 1734. To her is 
ascribed, and justly we think, the authorship of the fine 
ballad, " There's nae Luck about the House." The 
Rev. John Sim, finding a manuscript copy of the ballad 
amongst the papers of William Julius Mickle, the 
translator of the " Lusiad " of Camoens, when he was 
at work on a new edition of Mickle's works, eagerly 
seized it and incorporated it in his book. This as- 
sumption of authorship was disputed by Cromek in his 
" Select Scottish Poems," and a warm controversy 
ensued. Alexander Rodger, a Greenock gentleman, 
wrote a very conclusive vindication of Jean Adam's 
claim, which was published in Greenock in 1866. Her 
little book was issued by subscription, and not the 
least interesting thing about it is the list of subscribers' 
names. After supplying the 123 persons who had sub- 
scribed , Miss Adam shipped ofi* a considerable number 
of copies to Boston, in America, for which she never 
received payment. It is sad to relate that she died 
friendless in the Town's Hospital at Glasgow, and was 
buried at its expense. 

The following works are now rare : — Court of Session 
Garland, 1839, with supplemental tractates; Select 
Remains of the Ancient Popular Iroetry of Scotland, 
edited by David Laing, Edinburgh, 1822 — 108 copies 
printed ; two new editions were published recently. 
Various Pieces of Fugitive Scottish Poetry, princi- 



MR. MACDONALUS LIBRARY. 277 

pally of the seventeenth century, Edinburgh, 1823-5 — 
72 copies printed ; a second collection was issued in 
1853, of which 70 copies were issued. The first con- 
tained 42 pieces, and the second 48 pieces. Mr. Mac- 
donald has both. Brash and Reid*s Original Poetry — 
this is a collection of separate pieces issued in penny 
numbers and collected into 4 volumes. A complete 
collection like the present is not easily formed. 

Of the works of Robert Burns Mr. Macdonald has a 
number of editions, some of them uncommon. He has 
the first edition of the *' Letters to Clarinda,*' Glasgow, 
1802 (suppressed), and the *' Address to the Deil," with 
answer by Lauderdale, 1795. He has also the works of 
the contemporaries of Burns — Janet Little, John 
Lapraik, David Sillar, etc., all of which have risen in 
value by reason of their connection with the poet. 

Mr. Macdonald's other poetical possessions include 
first editions of the following works : — Poems of 
Michael Bruce (Edinburgh, 1770, 250 copies printed), 
Poems of Robert Ferguson (Edinburgh, 1773), Poems 
of Alexander Wilson (Paisley, 1790), Campbell's 
Pleasures of Hope (Edinburgh, 1799), the same 
writers Pilgrims of Glencoe (London, 1842), a presen- 
tation copy to the Misses Gray, Glasgow, " from their 
affectionate cousin, the author," Hogg's Scottish Pas- 
toral (Edinburgh, 1801), the first printed of the 
productions of the Shepherd, his Mountain Bard (a 
presentation copy), Grahame's Sabbath (Edinburgh, 
1804), Tannahilrs Soldier s Return (Paisley, 1807), the 
earliest of Tannahiirs works, his poems (1817, with 
autograph letter to his friend James Barr — " Blythe 
Jamie Barr frae Kilbarchan's toun "— dated Paisley, 
1807), Tennant's Anster Fair (Edinburgh, 1812), 
Hugh Miller's Poems, by a Journeyman Mason 
(Inverness, 1827), Pollok's Course of Time (2 vols., 
Edinburgh, 1827), Robert Nicol's Poems and Lyrics 
(published at Edinburgh in 1835, but printed at the 
'* Advertiser " Office, Dundee, a very rare volume), also 



278 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

copies of the following works bearing autographs, having 
notes, or some other special feature investing them 
with an interest distinct from other copies of the same 
works : Dunbar's Poems (edited by David Laing, 2 
volumes, Edinburgh, 1834). This is the editor's copy, 
and contains many notes and alterations in his hand- 
writing. It has also the supplement and the cancelled 
leaves referred to in the preface to the book. Cunning- 
ham's Songs of Scotland, 4 volumes, 1825. Inserted 
is Cunningham's poem, " The Thistle grew aboon the 
Kose " in his own handwriting, and above his signature. 
Peter Buchan's Gleanings of Scarce Ballads, Peter- 
head, 1825. This is WUliam Motherwell's copy, and 
bears many notes by him. Mr. Macdonald has also 
Motherwell's copy of Scott's Minstrelsy of the Scottish 
Border. He would be a bold man or a heretical one 
who would steal a book with so terribly significant a 
warning — 

'* William Motherwell says this^book is hia — 
Who shall gainsay him ? 
He that dares do it 

May the meikle deil flay him." 

A manuscript volume of some interest contains the 
lettei*s of Captain Charles Gray, R.M., who published 
a volume of poetry entitled " Lays and Lyrics," 
etc. , the first edition of which appeared at Malta in 1836. 
It subsequently went through several editions. Another 
interesting manuscript volume contains unpublished 
songs bv Wm. Glen, author of ^* A Wee Bin! cam' to 
oor Ha Door." The volume was written when Glen 
was residing in Aberfoyle. Not content with having 
the first book printed in Glasgow, Mr. Macdonald 
has also the first printed in Stirling. It is Greorge 
Buchanan's " Admonition Direct to the Trew Lordis, 
Maintenaris of Justice and Obedience to the Eingis 
Grace," printed by Robert Lekprevick, King's printer, 
who also printed in Edinburfi^h and Saint Andrews. 
An account of Lekprevick, with a bibliographical list 



ME. MACDONALUS LIBRARY. 279 

of the productions of his press, was contributed to the 
'* Stirling Observer" (April and May, 1881), by Mr. 
A. C. M'Intyre, and reprinted in pamphlet form. As 
only thirty copies of this interesting tractate were 
issued, it would be a service to bibliographers to re-issue 
it in a larger form and greater number of copies. 

A very rare black-letter volume is the Gowrie Con- 
spiracy, printed in London by Valentine Simmes, 1600. 
It is the earliest account of the plot. The attempt 
took place at St. Johnstoun on the 5th of August, 
1600, and the account, it will be observed, was issued 
in the same year, and is further said to be the king's 
own narrative. The first edition, as we have said, is 
very rare, and so is the second edition, issued by the 
same printer in 1603, but not in black letter. The 
work was reprinted in the Harleian Miscellany. 

Of Topographical (Scottish) works, Mr. Macdonald 
has the very scarce first edition of Martin's St. Kilda, 
London, 1698 ; the equally scarce description of the 
same island by Buchan, first edition, Edinburgh, 1741; 
Dean Monro's Description of the Western Islands, 
first edition, Edinburgh, 1774; and some hundreds of 
county, town, and village histories. In this department 
of literature Mr. Macdonald is probably the only for- 
midable rival to Mr. Gray. It would be well if all 
rivalries were as friendly. In describing Mr. Gray's 
library we gave a Ust of places represented in his topo- 

•aphScal collection and we need not repeat the list. 
Inough to say that Mr. Macdonald has a very fine 
and extensive collection. 

The following books are all worthy of mention : — Up 
and Down in the Lennox, by Peter Dun. This appeared 
in the "Stirling Observer" during 1879. 1880, and 
1881, and has been nicely mounted into a quarto 
volume and a title page printed for it. Mr. Dun was 
station-master for some years at Port of Menteith, and 
published a volume entitled a Summer at the Lake of 
Menteith. History of the Family of Buchanan, by 



280 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Buchanan of Auchmar, Glasgow, 1 723. This is the first 
edition of a work frequently reprinted. The present copy 
formerly belonged to John Graham of Killem, factor to 
the Duke of Montrose, who was captured by that bold 
marauder Rob Roy while collecting rents at Chapel- 
Aroch, near Gartmore. Rob Roy made him pen a letter 
to the Duke, demanding that his Grace should cancel 
any debt owing by Macgregor to him, and compensate 
Macorreffor for the destruction of his house. After 

o o 

detaining his prisoner for about a week Rob Roy 
carried him to Kirkintilloch and set him at liberty. 
Graham's name appears in the list of subscribers, which 
list, by the way, was omitted in all subsequent editions, 
and the volume bears his book-plate. Mr. Macdonald 
has also a large-paper copy of the reprint published at 
Glasgow in 1820. It belonged to John Buchanan, the 
*' J. B." of Glasgow Past and Present, and an accom- 
plished archaeologist, and has many notes in his hand- 
writing. A volume of very great value is the first 
edition of The Facsimile of an Ancient Heraldic 
Manuscript, emblazoned by Sir David Lyndsay, Lyon 
King of Arms, 1542. It was printed in 1822 in an 
edition of 100 copies, and was reprinted some years 
ago. Gordon's Family of Gordon, two volumes, 
1726-7, a rare and valuable work. Memorie of the 
Somervilles — a fine copy of this work. On the title- 
page, in Robert Southey's neat handwriting, is inscribed, 
" From Lord Somerville to Robert Southey." 

The two following works, edited by Charles Kirk- 
patrick Sharpe, are highly curious — fifty conies were 
printed of each — A Pairt of the Life of Lady Margaret 
Cunninghame, daughter of the Earl of Glencaim, 
Edinburgh, 1826. This is the editors copy, and has 
his autograph and notes. Memorial of the Conversion 
of Jane Livingstone, Lady Warristoun, with an account 
of her Carriage at her Execution, July, 1600, Edin- 
burgh, 1 827 ; a presentation copy to William MotherwelL 

Mr. Macdonald's copy of Sir Archibald Edmond- 



MR. MAGDONALUS LIBRARY. 281 

stone's Genealogical Account of the Family of Edmond- 
stone of Duntreath formerly belonged to Mark Napier, 
author of Montrose and the Covenanters ; his copy of 
the first edition of Hugh Miller s Old Red Sandstone 
was presented by the author to Robert Chambers, as 
was also his copy of the Footprints of the Creator. It 
is worth noting that the latter book was considered a 
reply to the Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation 
of which Robert Chambers was then the reputed and 
now the acknowledged author. Accompanying the 
volume is a long letter to Chambers from Miller. Mr. 
Macdonald has also Miller's Letters on the Herring 
Fishing in the Moray Frith, Inverness, 1829, being 
the reprint in book form of his first contribution to the 
" Inverness Courier." 

While speaking of presentation books we may note 
a copy of Chambers's Minor Antiquities of Edinburgh, 
presented by the author to Miss Agnes Strickland, a 
copy of the Auchinleck Tracts, presented by Sir Alex- 
ander Boswell to Dr. Jamieson, author of the Dictionary 
of the Scottish Language, and a copy of Dr. Living- 
stone's Missionary Travels, bearing his autograph, pre- 
sented to Captain Beecher, R.N. Books bearing the 
autographs of Charles Dickens, William Tennant, 
author of Anster Fair, Sir J. Y. Simpson, Dr. Thomas 
Chalmers, John Foster, and other less celebrated 
persons are also in the library. 

The Life and Adventures of the Black Dwarf, 
Edinburgh, 1820, is notable as one of the early pro- 
ductions of William Chambers ; it was both written 
and printed by him in his shop in Leith Walk. An- 
other early Chambers volume, but written by Robert, 
is Notices of the Most Remarkable Fires in Edinburgh, 
1385 to 1824, Edinburgh, 1824. Mr. Macdonald has 
also sets more or less nearing completeness of the 
works of the brothers Chambers, Sir Thomas Dick 
Lauder, J. G. Dalyell, James Maidment, Sir Alexander 
Boswell, and Professor Cosmo Innes. 



282 THE LIBRARIES OF QLASOOW. 

Coming to the Uterature of Glasgow we find a very 
complete collection. From the press of Robert Sanders, 
the younger, there are nearly thirty rare and curious 
chap-books, some in black-letter, printed between 1696 
and 1717, and bound in two volumes. These present 
us with the earliest form of the chap-book. The very 
temporary purpose which chap Uterature was intends 
to serve, the miserable paper on which they were 
invariably printed, and the entire absence of any desire 
to preserve them on the part of the class who purchased 
them, have all contributed to make these curious, ill* 
written, but highly interesting booklets very difficult 
to procure. Their preservation has been left very much 
to private efibrt. Mr. Macdonald's collection of chape 
is very extensive. 

Of M'Ure's View of Glasgow, 1736, Mr. Macdonald 
has a complete and good copy. He has also a volume 
of tracts from M'Ure's library, with the inscription, 
"This booke belongs to John M*Ure, clerk to the 
Register of Seasins at Glasgow, 24 Aprile, 1713." 
The list of contents is written out in M*Ure's own hand. 
Amongst other interesting things this volume contains 
the first book-sale catalogue known to have been issued 
in Glasgow. It has been reprinted by the Archaeo- 
logical Society of Glasgow. 

A most remarkable trio of volumes bear the title of 
'^ Memorabilia chiefiy relating to Glasgow and the 
Clyde, with manuscript notes by Peter Mackenzie 
of the "Reformers' uuzette," and John Buchanan 
LL.D., banker, Glasgow. They contain all sorts of 
newspaper and other cuttings, dealing with subjects 
connected vnth the city. To describe their contents is 
beyond us in the space to which we are necessarily 
limited. After looking through them the thought 
suggests itself that it would be much easier to enume- 
rate what is not in them than what is. Another 
remarkable volume in Mr. Macdonald's library is a 
very thick folio into which are mounted about 500 



MR. MAGDONALUS LIBRARY. 28a 

broadsides. They are on all subjects — royal proclama- 
tions, executions, last dying speeches, etc. — ^and relate 
principally to Glasgow. Our attention was called to 
one entitled "Address to the Inhabitants of Great 
Britain and Ireland," signed " By order of the Com- 
mittee of Organization for forming a Provisional 
Government," and dated *' Glasgow, 1st April, 1820."^ 
This copy was posted on the gate of the engineering 
works of Messrs. Claud Gird wood & Co., Commercial 
Boad, Hutchesontown, late on Saturday night, and was 
taken down by Mr. Girdwood on Monday morning ; it 
was preserved in his family for half a century and then 
presented to Mr. Macdonald. 

Of exceptional value is Mr. Macdonald's copy of the 
first edition of Zachary Boyd's '* Last Battell of the 
Soule in Death." It contains the Latin dedication to 
King Charles, which, from the following note which 
appeared in Messrs. Ellis & White's catalogue relating 
to David Laing's copy, would appear to be almost 
unique : — " It is well known to collectors that old 
Scottish books are more difficult than any other to find 
in faultless condition ; and among old Scottish books 
there are perhaps few rarer in fine condition than this 
curious work by Zachary Boyd. The present is pro- 
bably the finest copy known, being six inches in height 
(with many rough leaves, and for the most part clean). 
. . . The possessor may congratulate himself on 
having the finest copy in existence. The Latin Dedin 
cation to King Charles, of which only one copy exists, 
is inserted in facsimile at the end of the secona volume.** 

As Mr. Macdonald's is not the copy referred to in 
the above note, there are, therefore, two copies of the 
dedication in existence. The gem of the collection, how- 
ever, is a copy of the same Zachary Boyd's " Cleare 
Forme of Catechising before the giving of the Sacra- 
ment of the Lord's Supper." To this are subjoined two 
compends of the "Catechisme fit for Little Children, 
by M. Zacharie Boyd, preacher of God's Word, at 



284 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Glasgow" — printed by George Anderson, Glasgow, 
1639. It is the first book printed in Glasgow (the 
first production of the Glasgow press was a pamphlet of 
eight leaves, see page 146) and no other copy is known. 
Gabriel Neil, the faithful biographer of Boyd, had 
never seen a copy, and it is probable had never heard of 
the work, unless the following entry in his list of 
Boyd's printed works be meant for it: — **A smaU 
Catechism on the Principles of Religion, 18mo." It is 
a l2mo volume of 120 pages, and is dedicated " To the 
Most Religious and Noble Ladie the Countesse of 
Argyle, etc." In the course of the dedication, Boyd 
takes occasion to refer to her ladyship's husband, " tiie 
Noble and Potent Earle whose vertues have most 
Oriently shined in our Generall Assembly, which his 
Lordship did much honour with his presence, and 
help with his counsell." The compends are inscribed 
to the daughter of the ** Noble and Potent Earle," 
Lady D. Anne Campbell, " of tender yeeres." The 
earl whose "vertues Oriently shined" was Archibald, 
eighth Earl, afterwards created first Marquis of Argyle, 
who was executed in 1661. The book is quite perfect, 
and undoubtedly unique. Mr. Macdonald is the pos- 
sessor of one of the three copies extant of the first 
Glasgow Directory. It was published by John Tait, 
stationer, in 1783. The title reads, "John Tait's 
Directory for the City of Glasgow, Villages of Ander- 
ston, Calton, and Gorbals; also for the towns of 
Paisley, Greenock, Port-Glasgow, and Kilmarnock, 
from the 15th May, 1783, to the 15th May, 1784. 
Glasgow : Printed for John Tait, stationer, the pub- 
Usher, 1783." The Kilmarnock list arrived too late 
for insertion. The volume was reprinted in 1871, 
when it was stated that only one copy of the ordinal 
was known to exist. It was in the library of the 
late Adam Sim of Cultermains, and was reproduced 
by permission of Mr. Sim's executors. The third 
copy was in the library of the late John Buchanan^ 



MR. MACDONALUS LIBRARY. 285 

who, when the reprint was issued, wrote an interest- 
ing letter to the newspapers giving an account of the 
early Glasgow directories, and refuting the statement 
that Mr. Sim's copy was the only one in existence. 

Before Tait's Directory was reprinted, two other 
claimants to the honour of issuing the first Glasgow 
Directory made their appearance. First, Jones' 
Directory for 1789, which gave place to the same 
publishers Directory for 1787, which in its turn was 
vanquished by the one we have been describing. In 
connection with this, we may mention Mr. Macdonald's 
valuable series of maps and plans of the city. They 
begin with Barry's plan of Glasgow, which appeared 
in Gibson's History of the City, 1777 ; the next is 
M'Arthur s (1779) map — a larger-sized one appeared the 
year previous; next follows Lumsden's map (1784), a 
very rare map ; then follows Richardson's map of Glas- 
gow and seven miles round (1795). This map is 
extremely interesting, because it gives the names of 
the proprietors of estates round Glasgow. The other 
maps are, that which appeared in the first edition of 
Denholm's History, 1797 ; that in Chapman's Picture 
of Glasgow, 1806 ; that in M'Feat's Guide to Glasgow, 
1821; that in Wade's History, 1822; Dr. Cleland's 
Map of the Ten Parishes of Glasgow, 1822 ; Smith's 
Map of the City, 1828 ; and many more of later date. 

Views in Glasgow and Neighbourhood, lithographed 
by David Allan, with letterpress by J. M. Leightbn, 
1835 : Fairbaim's Relics of Ancient Architecture in 
Glasgow ; Nichol's (of Montrose) Views in Glasgow ; 
and other illustrated works on Glasgow are in the 
Ubrary. ^ 

A rare little volume is that entitled "Glasgow 
Homer, yclept Blind Alick," Glasgow, 1830, with 
characteristic portrait of Alick, staff in hand and 
violin under bis arm. Only 24 copies were printed. 
Another curiosity is the " Warning of the Eternal 
Spirit to the City of Glasgow," 1711. 



286 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

An interesting Glasgow pamphlet is '^ A Sermon 
Preached at the Opening of the Synod of Glasgow 
and Air, at Glasgow, 9th October, 1792, by William 
Dunn, A.M., Minister of Kirkintilloch. Glasgow : 
Printed for and sold by Brash & Reid, 1792." 

The author in an advertisement says : " It is now 
offered to the public and dedicated to the friends of 
the Constitution in Church and State and of the people, 
that such as have thought proper to approve of it may 
be more satisfied that their approbation was not alto- 
gether misapplied ; and those of different principles may 
be convinced that their censures were not well founded.** 

The publication and dedication of the sermon led to 
the author being tried and sentenced to imprisonment 
in the Tolbooth of Edinburgh for three months. 

Mr. Dunn was a good and worthy man, much be- 
loved in his parUh,a*ad his memory^h., sl^arcslyjet 
died out. His requiem was sung by a local poet, Wm. 
Muir of Campsie, whose poems were published in Glas- 
gow in 1818, and are of much merit and little known. 

A volume of considerable local interest is the first 
Police Act for Glasgow, 1800 In this copy the names 
of the first Commissioners are written in, and a map is 
inserted showing the division of the city mto wards. 

Mr. Macdonald has the numerous works of Dr. 
James Cleland on Glasgow, and also the spirited con- 
Aitations of Mrs. Agnes Baird. These latter, of which 
Mr. Macdonald has a complete set, are extremely scarca 

Mr. Macdonald has devoted some attention to the 
collection of Glasgow periodicals. The following is a 
list of those in his possession dating before 1854 : — 

17501 OUlies' Exhortations to 17951 Poetry, Original and Se- 
the Inhabitants of the South lect 4 vols, (circa 1795, 

Parish of Glasgow. 2 vols. Brash & Reid). 

1770-2,3 The Glasgow Magazine, 1795 The Caller. 

one number issued in 1770 ; 1800 1 The Poljhymnia 
continued in 1772 as the (circa 1800). 

Glasgow Uniyersal Mag- 1804 The Theatrical Ragiater. 
azine, 1772-3. 2 volt. 

1783 Gla^ow Magazine. 1805 The Selector. 4 Tdi^ 



MR MACDONALUS LIBRARY. 



287 



1806 The Gleaner. 

1811-2 The Glasgow Magazine. 

3 vols. 
1812? The Druid. 
1813 The Monthly Repository. 

1817 The Student. 

1818 The Wanderer. 

1818 Attic Stories. 

1819 The British Magazine. 
1819 The Spirit of the Union. 

1821 The Enquirer. 

1822 Glasgow New Miscellany. 
1822 The Literary Reporter. 

2 vols. 

1822 The Literary Melange. 
2 vols. 

1824 Theatrical Observer. 

1824 MThun's Glasgow Mag- 
azine. 

1824 The Emmet. 2 vols. 

1824 The John Knox. 

1824 The Western Luminary. 

1825 The Conjurer. 

1825-6 Heath's Northern Look- 
ing Glass. 

1826 Chronicles of the Isles. 
Edited by Gabriel Neil and 
Walter Duncan. 

1826 The Academic. 

1827 The Ant. Original and 
Selected. 2 vols. 

1828 The^ College Stethoscope 
and Literary Index. 

1829 Brownlie's Police Reports. 
1829 Au Teachdaire Gae'lach. 

2 vols. 



1829-32 The Thistle. 3 vols. 
1830 Glasgow Athenseum. 
1830 The Camera Obscura. 

1830 The Opera Glass. 

1831 The Herald to the Trades' 
Advocate. 

1831-7 The Reformers' Gazette. 
7 vols. 8vo. 

1832 The Quizzing Glass. 
1832 The Literary Museum. 
1832 The Literary Rambler. 
1832 The Day. 

1832-3 The Chameleon, by Thos. 
Atkinson. 3 vols. 

1832 The Glasgow Punch. 

1833 Bennett's Glasgow Mag- 
azine. 

1835 The Salt Water Gazette. 

1835 Glasgow Journal. 

1836 Companion to the Ne- 
cropolis. 

1839-40 Peel Club Papers. 

1841 The Chartists' Circular. 

1842 The Eclectic Miscellany. 
1842 The Banner of the West 

and Oddfellows' Register. 

1846 Paul Pry. 

1847 The Daily Exhibitor. 
1848-9 The Satirist and Glasgow 

Punch. 

1848 The Dramatic Review. 
1850 The Athenseum and 

Clydesdale Miscellany. 
1850 The Freeman. 
1850-4 Northern Notes and 

Queries. 



The copy of The Chameleon, 1833, is of more than 
ordinary interest because of a letter attached, written 
by Thomas Atkinson, the editor — about the last letter 
he wrote. Of a kindred interest is the catalogue of 
the sale of his furniture at his house, 1 1 Miller Street, 
and the preface to an intended work, to be called The 
Legacy. This preface wa« suppressed. Atkinson was 
a well-known Glasgow bookseller and wrote largely, 



288 



THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 



both in poetry and prose. Daniel Macmillaiiy the 
founder of the well-known London publishing house of 
that name, was apprentice with him for some time. 
Of somewhat peculiar interest is a pamphlet on 
Spiritualism, written by Sir James Bain, Lord Provost 
of Glasgow 1874-7. It was issued privately in 1864, 
and the author afterwards thought fit to withdraw it. 
Among the curiosities of the Glasgow division are the 
little books for children issued in Glasgow by the Lums- 
dens and other firms. The earliest is entitled The History 
of Master Jackey and Miss Harriot, to which is addea 
a few maxims for the improvement of the mind, dedi- 
cated to the good children of Europe, Asia, Africa, and 
America ; Glasgow, J. and M. Kobertson and J. Duncan, 
1785. It consists of thirty-one pages, and is embellished 
with 24 cuts. As showing the pabulum provided for child- 
ren in these days, and that illustrated Dooks for children 
are not a nineteenth century idea altogether, we subjoin 
a list of books published by Messrs. Kobertson & Dun- 
can, copied from the last page of Master Jackey. 



Tom Thumb's Play-Book - 
The London Cries 
Entertaining Fables for 
Children - - - 
Nurse True Love's Christ- 
mas-Box - 
The Puzzling Cap 
Tom Thumb's Folio - 
Jackv Dandy's Delight 
Death and Burial of Cock 

Robin 
The Father's Gift - 
The Child's Guide to his 
Letters ; or, The Hom- 
Book Improved - 
Tom Thumb's Exhibition - 



id. 
Id 

lA 

Id. 
Id. 
14 
Id. 

Id. 
Id. 



2d. 
2d. 



New England Primer 
Gulliver's Voyage to Lilli- 

put - - - - 
The Lilliputian Masquerade 
The History of Little Song 

Pippin - . - 
Fairy Tales 

The Fairing, or Golden Toy 
A Bag of Nuts Ready 

Cracked - - . 
The Soyal Primer - 
Sugar rlumb; or, Sweet 

Amusement 
The Picture Exhibition 
The History of the Holy 

Bible 



2d. 

2d. 
2d. 

2d. 
2d. 
Sd. 

3d 
3d. 

id. 
4d. 



• 6d. 



Some works of a miscellaneous character yet re- 
main to be noticed. Increase Mather's Kometogra- 
phia ; or, a Discourse concerning Comets, Boston, 
1683, is an early specimen of New England printing. 



MR. MACDONALUS LIBRARY. 289 

The art was introduced into Boston in 1676. A 
Counterblaste to Tobacco, by King James, imprinted 
at London by R. B., 1604 ; a perfect copy of the first 
edition. It consists of thirteen leaves. It is very 
seldom seen now, and Mr. Arber had recource to a copy 
in the Bodleian Library when he reprinted the work. 
Rules of Good Deportment or of Good Breeding, by 
Adam Petrie, Edinburgh, 1720 ; the first edition, now 
very rare. The work was reprinted in 1835, with a 
preface by Lord Dundrennan ; 45 copies printed. 
Another curious work by the same author, and bearing 
a similar title, is Rules of Good Deportment for Church 
Officers, Edinburgh, 1730. Scot's Fencing Master, by 
Sir William Hope, Edinburgh, 1687 ; the first edition. 
Monteath's Theatre of Mortality, 1704-13; the first 
edition, contains the scarce star leaves. 

A volume of broadsides and proclamations of a most 
remarkable description has recently been added to Mr. 
Macdonald's library. It begins with the murder of 
Archbishop Sharp, and continues to 1696. It contains 
the latest proclamations of James II. of England, and 
the earliest issued by William and Mary. A number 
of them relate to Covenanters, and one of them, printed 
three days after the event, gives an account of the 
taking of Argyle at Inchinnan Bridge. 

As we said at the commencement, this library is 
essentially a Scottish one, and we think our birds'-eye 
view will bear out our statement. But it is not to be 
supposed that it is entirely Scottish. The presence of 
important works chiefly relating to Scotland decided us 
to give attention to them in preference to other works, 
of perhaps greater value, but of less interest. These 
have occupied us so long as to leave only room to 
mention that the library also contains first editions of 
most of the works pf Dickens and Thackeray, and the 
best editions of many other standard authors. 



19 



290 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 



CHAPTER XVIIL 

UBRART OF BERNARD B. MACGEORGE, ESQ., 

WOODSIDE CRESCENT. 

A Library of Fine Art and First Editions — Fine 
Collection of Blake's Works — Original Letter and 
Poem hy Blake, never before printed — Extensive and 
fine Collection of the Works of John Rtiskin — Mag- 
nificent Collection of Etchings by Miryon — Other Fine 
Art Books — First Editions — Byron, Moore*s copy of 
the rare volume of Poems, 1807 ; Lines on the Birth 
of a Son to Mr. Hoppner — Shelley, Bedford on 
Queen Mob — Keats — Tennyson — Colliers Works and 
Repnnts — Grays Elegy — Scott — Rogers, Amusing 
Notes on Human Life, by Beckford — Boccaccio's De- 
cameron — Swift, Tale of a Tub, Gullivers Travels — 
Defoe, Robinson Crusoe — Johnson — Goldsmith — 
Beckford's Vathek — Lamb — Dickens — Thackeray — 
Undine, illustrated by Thackeray — Scottish Books — 
Glasgow Books — Album containing Letters by Dickens, 
Dunuxs, and Reade — Poems in autographs of Long- 
fellow and Swinburne — Conclusion. 

This is a handsome library. All the books are in 
superb condition, beautifully bound and many enriched 
with valuable additions, rendering them unique. Were 
we inclined to be alliterative we would say that it is a 
library of fine art and first editions. Standard works 
in other branches of knowledge than art, and in other 
than first editions, are of course in the library, but 
high above every other these two features stand 
prominent. We need make no apology for devoting 
most of our space to what are the characteristics of the 



MR. MACQEOROKS LIBRARY. 291 

library, and leaving the imagination of the reader to 
fill up the background of the picture with all the ac- 
cessories of a good general library, simply assuring him 
that if he be reasonable in his filling in he will not find 
the catalogue disappoint him. The library is in every 
respect a modern one. It does not range back farther 
than about one hundred and fifty years, and the poets, 
painters, and humorists of that period are most fully 
represented. Within these self-imposed limits Mr. 
Macgeorge has had the pleasure of making many con- 
quests, and his library can well rank with the best in 
its own special province. It is indeed a library for a 
bibliophile to revel in, abounding as it does in proof- 
plates and tall copies. 

Adopting a usage which has the sanction of good au- 
thority, we will divide our discourse into heads, a firstly 
and a secondly, and the first of these again into sub- 
heads, firstly, secondly, and thirdly. Our first main 
division is Art, and its sub-divisions are Blake, Ruskin, 
and Meryon. 

The collection of Blake's works in Mr. Macgeorge*s 
possession is a large and very valuable one. All the 
volumes are in exquisite condition. The whole of the 
Blake collection formerly in the library of Lord Beacons- 
field, and which once belonged to the author of the 
Curiosities of Literature^ is here, and also a few volumes 
from the Beckford library. We think it but just to 
name some of the finest of the Blakes. The Book of 
Job: large paper, and proof platea This is perhaps 
the most powerful of Blake's works. Blair's Grave : 
plates in two states, prints and proofs before letters. 
Songs of Innocence : with original drawing of title-page 
inserted. Songs of Experience. These two volumes are 
lovely to look upon, with their fine harmony of colour 
and quaint caligraphy. Little Tom the Sailor : a speci- 
men of what Blake called wood-cut on pewter. The 
Gates of Paradise : this is earlier than the ordin- 
ary copies, including that in the British Museum. 



292 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

The Vision of the Daughters of Albion : has extra title 
and plate added. Hayley's Triumphs of Temper: large 
paper, and his Ballads, also large paper. The First 
Book of Urizen, Marriage of Heaven and HeU, Mrs. 
Godwin's Original Stories, Burger's Leonora^ and 
Young's Night Thoughts. 

Mr. Macgeorge is also the possessor of a precious 
memento of Blake in the form of a letter and poem in 
which the great poet-artist gratefully acknowleages his 
indebtedness to Flaxman. It is of distinct biographical 
and poetic worth, and as it has not to our knowledge 
been printed before, we do ourselves the high honour 
of publishing it. The letter is addressed on the out- 
side to Mr. Flaxman, Buckingham Street, Fitzroy 
Square, and the postal date is 12 o'clock, 12 Sept., 
1800. It reads — 



My Dearest Friend, — It is to you I owe All my present HappuM 
It is to you I owe perhaps the Principal Happiness of my life. I 
have presumed on your friendship in staying so long away and not 
calling to know of your welfare, but hope, now every thing is naariy 
completed for our removal to Felpham, that I shall see you on Sunday, 
as we have appointed Sunday aflemoon to call on Mrs. Flaxman at 
Hampstead. I send you a few lines which I hope you will excoaa 
And as the time is now arrived when men shflJl again converse in 
Heaven and walk with angels I know you will be pleased with the 
intention, and hope you will forgive the poetry. 

To my Dearest Friend John Flaxman these lines. 

I bless thee, O Father of Heaven and Earth, that ever I saw Flax- 
man's face. 
Angels stand round my Spirit in Heaven, the blessed of Heaven are 

my friends upon Earth. 
When Flaxman was taken to Italy Fuseli was given to me for a 

season, 
And now Flaxman hath given me Hayley his friend to be mine, snoh 

my lot upon Earth. 
Now my lot in the Heavens is this, Milton loVd me in childhood and 

shew'd me his face, 
Ezra came with Isaah the Prophet, but Shakespeare in riper yaaxa 

gave me his hand, 
Paracelsus and Behmen appeared to me, terrors appeared in the 

Heavens above. 



MR. MAGQEOROE'8 LIBRARY. 293 

And in HeU beneath, and a mighty and awful change threatened the 

Earth. ; 

The American War began. All its dark horrors passed before my 

face 
Across the Atlantic to France. Then the French Eevolution com- 

menc'd in thick clouds, 
And my Angels have told me that seeing such visions I could not 

subsist on the Earth, 
Bat by my conjunction with Flaxman who knows to forgive Nervous 

Fear. 

I remain, for ever yours, 

William Blake. 

The collection of Ruskin's works is splendid in its 
extent and condition. One great folio contains a large 
number of original pencil drawings signed and dated, 
done by Ruskin in his youth. The suWects of them 
have been found in the Lake Country, Yorkshire, Ox- 
ford, Cambridge, Scotland, Switzerland, and elsewhere, 
and their treatment shows unmistakeable indications of 
a master hand. Another fine folio is the Examples of 
Venetian Architecture. All the plates are proofs on 
India paper, with etchings of some, and two splendid 
portraits of the great art critic, one of which is a remarque 
proof of Herkomer's picture, have been inserted. The 
somewhat little known first edition of the Modern 
Painters is here. It is in one volume, and was issued in 
1843 by a "Graduate of Oxford." Mr. Macgeorge's 
copy of the five- volume edition is of special value as the 
gift from one great writer to another — " Dante Gabriel 
Rossetti, with John Ruskin's affectionate regards." It 
is an exceptionally fine copy, and is one of the few 
early ones having the misnumbered plate, valued for 
their fine impressions. Plate 47 in volume 4 — the 
Quarries of Carrara — was numbered 49. The mistake 
was discovered early, but not before a few copies had 
been issued. Some of the plates of the Stones of Venice 
are in two states, and many others of the volumes have 
special features of value. The collection is probably 
as large as any in existence, numbering altogether 



294 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

over two hundred volumes and pampbleta Nearly 
everything that Mr. Kuskin has written is in the 
library, not only in the original editions but in subee- 
quent ones. Works to which he contributed by pen 
or pencil y reviews, magazines, catalogues, albums, blue 
books, transactions of societies, with sketches of his 
life and work, bibliographies, etc., are present, fonning^ 
an apparatus for the study of Euskinism of a most 
comprehensive kind. 

The library also contains a magnificent and complete 
collection of etchings by the great French artist 
Charles M^ryon in the earliest and subsequent states, 
many of them unique. There is no exaggeration in 
saying that the collection is unsurpassable. The ex- 
treme rarity of M^ryon's etchings is well set forth 
by Mr. Frederick Wedmore in his charming little 
book, " Meryon and Mdryon s Paris." 

'* Meryon executed during bis four great years, from 1850 to 1854, 
some dozen and a half, or twenty plates, which in their ensembU 
guarantee his fame. A quite limited number of impressions having 
been taken in the coui-se of successive years, Meryon himself at last 
desti-oyed the plates — ploughed deep burin lines across them, in a 
moment of despair, as Mr. Hamerton picturesquely informs ns. I 
thank Heaven he did. For the truth is, if that was madness, there 
was much method in it. The plates were used up hopelessly ; and 
though no doubt they might have been again retouched, steeled, and 
so reproduced by the thousand in the poorest of their forms, the artist 
in destroying them did in the main but protect us from the eventual 
outpouring, in the interests of the shop, of masses of misleading 
impressions, libels u|x>n his art His works are rare — the best of 
them, in the best states, very rare ; but there are enough of them, as 
there are enough of Rembrandt's and of the Libfr prints of Turner, to 
be seen by those anxious to see, and not too many to be cherished 
and held as precious things. Etchings are works of highest art only 
on the condition that the impressions submitted are of finest quality. 
The sharpness of the lines, the clearness of the lights, the richness of 
the transfer from copi)er to paper — these things, in their proper com* 
bination, are only possible while the plate remains flawless. And 
though impressions from M^ryon's plates must now always be rara» 
the plates were not destroyed too soon." 

Coming at a considerable distance after these three 



MR. MACGEOROE'S LIBRARY. 295 

great names in respect to the extent of the collections, 
the following artists and art writers are represented by- 
fine works, some by a score of examples and some by 
two or three. J. M. W. Turner — a magnificent copy 
of the Harbours of England, artist's proofs, very large 
paper, some of the plates in two states ; some of his 
finest works, illustrations in proof to Scott, Campbell, 
Kogers, and the Annual Tour. Many separate proofs 
with touches and notes, and some of his pencil draw- 
ings, are present. 

Many of Cruikshank's illustrations ; some of Row- 
landson's work ; Bewick's Birds, Quadrupeds, and 
Fables, in original editions, large paper, and finest con- 
dition possible ; much of Leech's work ; the three 
editions of Hamerton's Etchers and Etching, with his 
other works ; Sir William Stirling Maxwell's Annals 
of the Artists of Spain; Entry of Charles V. into 
Bologna, 1529, privately printed, and several of his 
other works, are all in the library. 

A very fine copy of Walpole's Anecdotes of Painters, 
5 volumes, 4 to, printed at Strawberry Hill, is here, 
also the re-issue by Major, proof plates on India paper. 

Of Deuchar's Etchings there is a large paper copy. 
Houbraken and Vertue's Heads of Illustrious Persons 
is a beautiful copy from Shandon, the former home of 
several of Mr. Macgeorge's books. All the fine works 
of Mrs. Jameson, some of those of Richard Doyle, and 
Pickering's edition of Walton, and Cotton's Angler, 
with plates in two states, are in the collection. 

Hill's Etchings in Flanders and Holland, 1816, has 
a double set of plates and several etchings, making it 
altogether a unique volume. La Reliure Franjaise, 
by MM. Marius-Michel, is a most elaborately and pro- 
fusely illustrated work on bookbinding, wholly printed 
on Japan paper, which has the singular merit of being 
bound by the authors, and a fine piece of binding it is 
in blue morocco. 

Our second head is First Editions, and a very 



296 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

potent text it ought to be in the present instance. 
The difficulty is where to begin. At the risk of 
harking back chronologically fiirther on, we elect to 
commence with the Byromc books. The long arraj 
of Lord Byron's works begins with the rare yolume ot 
poems published at Newark in 1807. Moore relates 
that Byron sent to press a small quarto volume oi 
poems in 1806, a copy of which he transmitted to his 
friend Dr. Pigot. Dr. Pigot found fault with one of 
the poems, and Byron in his presence committed the 
whole of the edition, with the exception of two or 
three copies, to the flames. '^ Considering himself 
bound to replace the copies of his work which he had 
withdrawn, as well as to rescue the general character 
of the volume from the stigma this one offender might 
bring upon it, he set instantly about preparing a 
second edition for the press." The volume was issued 
early in 1807, as we find Byron forwarding a copy to 
Dr. Pigot on January 13. Only one hundred copies 
were printed, and the whole were for friends. It is 
needless to say that the appearance of a copy for sale is 
very infrequent. The present one belonged to Moore, 
the friend and biographer of Byron, and has a few 
autograph notes in pencil, together with a memorandum 
of Byron's inserted. In the same year and place was 
published Hours of Idleness. This was Byron's first 
published work. It contained some new pieces, but 
twenty of those which appeared in the previous volume 
were left out. A fine large paper copy is in the 
library. Issued at six shillings, it cannot now be 
obtained at as many pounds. A most savage notice 
of it appeared in the " Edinburgh Review," which 
stung Bvron into a bitter reply in that trenchant 
satire, " English Bards and Scotch Reviewers." The 
first edition of this appeared early in 1809, without 
name or date. It was printed by Cawthome in 
London, and almost immediately ran out of print. A 
new edition, enlarged and bearing the author^s name, 



MR. MACGEORQE'S LIBRARY. 297 

oame out in the same year from the same printer. He 
also printed a third and fourth edition in 1810. Mr. 
Macgeoi^e has all. The first and second cantos of 
Chilae Harold's Pilgrimage appeared in 1812, in 
quarto, and in the same year a second edition was 
issued in octavo. Canto the third saw the light in 
1816, and canto the fourth in 1818. All these are in 
the library. Of Byron's next production, the Waltz, 
an Apostrophic Hymn, by Horace Hornem, Esq., 
1813, Mr. Macgeorge has an octavo edition printed 
very shortly after the first. The poem appeared 
anonymously, and Lord Byron though fit at first to 
disavow being the author of it. Mr. Macgeorge has 
also fine copies of the first editions of Byron's other 
separate pieces, which are too well known to require 
mention here. 

More rare than most of his works, although of hardly 
any poetic worth, is a little volume containing the four 
lines which Lord Byron wrote on the birth of John 
William Kizzo Hoppner, the son of R. B. Hoppner, 
English Consul-General at Venice. They have been 
printed before, but are so few that they may well be 
given again. 

On John William Rizzo Hoppner, bom at Venice 
on the eighteenth day of January, 1818. 

" His father's sense, his mother's grace, 
In him, I hope, will always fit so ; 
With (still to keep him in good case) 
The health and appetite of Bizzo." 

So delighted were the parents of young Hoppner 
with the lines, that they had them translated into 
Greek, Latin, Italian (also Venetian dialect), German, 
French, Spanish, Illyrian, Hebrew, Armenian, and 
Samaritan, and the whole printed in a little volume 
executed in the Seminary of Padua. Each version has 
a page to itself, and the whole book consists of eight 
leaves. Including memoirs and criticism, Mr. !Nfiic- 



298 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

george's Byronic volumes number something over one 
hundred. 

Similarly complete are the works of Shelley. The 
first is " Queen Mab," privately printed in 1813. This 
copy has the title-page, so often wanting as to have 
given rise to a statement that the work was issued 
without one. The truth is the title-page was taken 
out by Shelley himself, to avoid prosecution for the 
sentiments given utterance to in the book. Mr. Mac* 
george has Beckford's copy of the first published edition 
of '' Queen Mab/' 1821. It has several unsparing notea^ 
the longest and most important of which is— 

'' Verses of such power and tendency are well worthy to ohtain the 
highest premium from the Satanic School, the first moment tbati 
thanks to the liberality and tolerance of the present aara, theee evil 
genii become a body corporate arrayed in direct opposition to oar 
moral and religious societies. This b, indeed, the very sort of pro- 
duction which may be supposed to have come forth on the eve of the 
avenging Deluge, just before the second father of mankind entered 
the ark, when the original milk of human kindness had stiffened into 
a poisonous curd, and the abominable human animal, drunk with 
crime and with arrogance, with the strength of the lion and the hoofs of 
the ass, kicking off every trammel, pillaged, tortured, and violated 
without restraint, spat in the face of Nature, and denied his God." 

"Laon and Cythna" was printed in 1817, but ap- 
peared in 1818. Some lines in it giving offence, these 
were altered and the work re-issued in the same year 
under the title of the " Revolt of Islam." So care- 
lessly was the change carried out that some few copies 
bear the date 1817, instead of 1818. Mr. Macgoorge*8 
is one of these. In 1819 came '' Rosalind and Helen" 
and the " Cenci," Italy being the imprint of the latter. 

In 1822 his tribute to the memory of Keats, 
'* Adonais," was printed at Pisa. The present is an ex- 
tremely large copy. Many other Shelley volumes are 
in the collection. Mr. Macgeorge has also the original 
editions of Mrs. Shelley's (Mary WoUstonecraft God- 
win) novels, of which the most notable is '* Franken- 
stein/' 1818. A valuable feature of all these Byron 



MR MACOEORGE'S LIBRARY, 29» 

and Siielley volumes is that they are uncUt copies. 
The same is true of almost all the books here. 

In one respect it is easy to form a set of the worka 
of Keats — they are few, — on the other hand, they are 
difficult to get. His first published collection of poems 
was issued in 1817; "Endymion" followed in 1818; 
and his only other separate publication was entitled 
" Lamia, Isabella, the Eve of St. Agnes, and other 
Poems." It was issued in 1820. All these, in fine 
form, are in the library, as well as the various complete 
editions of his works, and lives, memorials, and other 
biographical works. 

The list of Lord Tennyson's works begins with a 
large paper copy of the extremely rare volume entitled 
" Poems by Two Brothers," published anonymously in 
1827. The brothers were the poet laureate and 
Charles Tennyson. An enterprising firm of book- 
sellers in Louth gave the youthful authors ten pounda 
for the copyright of their little book. The volume con- 
sisted of 228 pages, containing 102 poems. Lord 
Tennyson has never reprinted his contributions, and a 
single copy of this rare, volume is now worth more 
than the Tennyson's received for the whole issue. 
Next in date comes the Cambridge Prize Poem^ 
"Timbuctoo," in 1829; followed in 1830 by *' Poems 
chiefly Lyrical " ; in 1833 by " Poems"; the " Tribute," 
1837; "Poems," 2 volumes, Moxon, 1842; the same 
by the same publisher, 1843 ; again by the samepublisher, 
1846 ; "The Princess," 1848 ; and so on to the very latest 
volume issued, *' Becket." One thin little volume requires 
mention, although not issued with the poet's sanction. 
It is entitled "Poems, 1830-1833," and contains the 
poems which were left out in subsequent editions, and 
the different readings of those altered. It came out in 
1862, but was suppressed and the publisher fined 
heavily. In this copy a report of the whole of the 
proceedings in the Court of Chancery is mounted. 
Among books about the poet laureate and his. 



300 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

writings the most notable volume is " Tennjsoniana " 
in its original form, with the pages which were omitted 
in the published copies by desire of Lord Tennyson, 
1866, very likely an unique copy. 

Of the earUer poets there are good editions. Beau- 
mont and Fletcher, Massin^er, Heywood, Shirley, Ben 
Jonson, Webster, Greene, !reele, Marlowe, Middleton, 
etc., are present in beautiful and highly prized volumes. 
Shakespeare is here in J. P. Collier's privately printed 
edition — "purest text" — and other editions, and 
the whole of Mr. Collier's reprints of early English 
literature, red, blue, green, yellow, magenta, and brown 
series, are in the library. In addition to these, Mr. 
Macgeorge has all the other works issued by Mr. 
OoUier. 

Veiy fine copies of the second and third editions of the 
works of Bums, and of the suppressed first edition of the 
" Letters of Clarinda," Glasgow, 1802, are here. The ex- 
tremely rare thin quarto in which the immortal " Elegy 
written in a Country Churchyard" first appeared is 
present, and so also are some of Wordsworth's early 
volumes — "Lyrical Ballads," 2 vols., 1800; "Poems,** 
2 vols., 1807 ; the " Excursion," 1814 ; the " White Doe 
of Kylestone," 1815 ; and " Peter Bell," 1819. The first 
edition of Campbells "Pleasures of Hope," 1799, and 
the illustrated edition of his works (with proof plates), 
issued by Moxon in 1837, merit attention. A s ple ndid 
collection of fine copies and first editions of Sir Walter 
Scott's poetical and prose works are in the library. 
They number altogether 174 volumes. Of "Human 
Life," by Samuel Rogers, 1820, there is a remarkable 
copy. It formerly belonged to Mr. Beckford, and some 
caustic but withal amusing notes have been written by 
him on the fly-leaves. The following may serve as a 
sample. The words in italics are Beckford's : — 

PAGE 

21. — . . . . cries Ho. . . / cry Ilum^ 
Surely His time good Rogers to have done. 



MR. MACQEORQE'a LIBRARY. 301 

32. — Oh when she turns and speaks her voice is far, 

Far above singing \ . . la rwt this far below poetry ? 

ib. — On the door 

Sickness has set her mark. 

• , ^2^«, 

(Sickness her mark, not knotjoing how to write. 

" All this is very sweet and very praiseworthy in some points of 
view, and for lullaby and gentle warblings not inferior to poor Bother- 
by's soothing syrup (so invaluable to mothers), but I should not have 
expected such panada from an intimate friend and dedicator of the 
tremendous Byron, nor so many dull, prosaic, hobbling lines from the 
author of several small but very pleasing poems.'' 

The volume has the further addition of an excellent 
portrait of Rogers drawn in water colour, under which 
Beckford has written, " The Yellow Poet." Rogers's 
"Poems," 1830, and his *' Italy," 1834, are, of course^ 
here, splendid copies with proof impressions of the 

Elates, and fine specimens of the elder Riviere's hest 
inding. The ** Italy " was a presentation copy. 
Coleridge is present in the original editions of his 
works. Browning the same, Dante Gabriel Rossetti in 
all the separate issues, including " Hand and Soul," 
1850, which bears an inscription by William Rossetti. 
All the works of Swinburne are also in the collection 
in the shape in which they originally appeared and 
subsequent editions. 

Still continuing among first editions, but leaving 
poetry for prose, we find ourselves transported back 
from this present year of grace to 1620, in which year 
was published the first translation into Enghsh of 
Boccaccio's " Decameron." It consists of two parts, 
one of which is usually dated 1625. A peculiarity of 
the present copy is that both parts are dated 1620. It 
is a fine copy. In 1704 the first edition of Dean Swift's 
" Tale of a Tub " appeared, of which there is a copy in 
the library, as there also is of the ** Travels of the re- 
nowned Captain Lemuel Gulliver," first published in 
two volumes, 1726-7, with map of the fictitious coun- 
tries of Lilliput, Laputa, Brobdignag, etc. A few 



302 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

years before this there was published another book 
destined to undying fame, which is here, '' Robinson 
Crusoe/' by Defoe. Our next author is Dr. Johnson, 
whose *^ Rasselas " was published in 1759. First edi- 
tions of some other of his works, and fine editions of his 
collected works, are also in the collection. He is fol- 
lowed by Groldsmith, of whose Citizen of the World 
<1762), Traveller (1765), Essays (1765), Vicar of Wake- 
field (1766), Good Natured Man (1768), Deserted 
Village (1770), and Animated Nature, copies are here 
in the finest condition and the largest paper obtainable. 
There are first editions of some of Smollett's works, and 
a superb copy on large and thick paper of the first edi- 
tion of Beckford's " Vathek." 

Of the works of Charles Lamb, there are, besides 
first editions of his collected works, John Woodvil, 
Adventures of Ulysses, Elia, Album Verses, etc., 
three copies of the latter which belonged to Mr. Moxon. 
One of them is a proof, with corrections by the author, 
and another has a note to Coleridge from Lamb re- 
specting a portrait of Milton belonging to Lamb, and 
then on exhibition in a shop in London. The message 
is written on the back of one of Mr. Moxon's canu. 
First editions of the separate works of Dickens and 
Thackeray, many of them in parts as originally issued, 
and some having coloured plates or other enhancing pe- 
culiarities are on the shelves. Fouque's ** Undine," 1835, 
contains illustrations in water colour by Thackeray that 
have never been published. They are authenticated by 
a note in the handwriting of Edward Fitzgerald. " The 
drawings in this volume were made by William 
Thackeray, as we sat together two mornings in the 
spring of 1835 or 1836 at the house of his step-father, 
Carmichael Smith, in Albion Street, Hyde Park, Lon- 
don." The illustrations are in colour, and are very 
spirited. Most beautiful copies of Northcote's ** Fables," 
in original boards, and with plates in two states, are 
among the first editions. The list also includes the 



MR. MACGEORGE'S LIBRARY. 303 

separate works of Carlyle, George Eliot, Lytton, John 
Gibson Lockhart, and many writers of less note. The 
first edition of Lane's translation of "The Arabian 
Nights' Entertainment," in parts as issued, is amongst 
them also, and the new edition by the Villon Society 
keeps it company. 

Mr. Macgeorge has many important Scottish works, as 
Grose's Antiquities, Pennant's Tour, Baronial Antiqui- 
ties of Scotland, by Billings, Innes's Critical Account 
of the Inhabitants of Scotland, Martin's Voyage to St. 
Eilda, 1698, his Western Islands, 17Q3, some of Laing 
and Maidment's works, all J. Hill Burton's works, 
Memorie of the Sommervilles, National Manuscripts 
of Scotland, Hogg's Jacobite Relics, large copy 
of first edition, and many other works. All the 
leading works on Glasgow are present. Amongst them 
are a copy of the exceedingly rare Memorabilia, 1835, 
the Glasgow Looking-Glass, 1826-7, some of the fine 
folios printed by the Foulises, Fairbaim's Relics of 
Ancient Architecture in Glasgow, and four volumes of 
Glasgow portraits from the exhibition of 1868, contain- 
ing finely-executed photographs. 

Mr. Macgeorge is one of the six possessors of vellum 
copies of the poems of Alex. Scott, printed at Glasgow, 
1882. Among the unclassable treasures is a volume 
of very remarkable interest. It is the album of a lady 
who was intimately acquainted with some of the most 
celebrated litterateurs of our time. On the first page 
is a little French poem entitled " Dolorida," and signed 
Algernon Charles Swinburne. It lately appeared in a 
Christmas annual called " Walnuts and Wine," with a 
translation into English, and drew from Mr. Swinburne 
an emphatic disclaimer of the authorship. We believe 
the fact to be that Mr. Swinburne merely transcribed 
the poem. 

The following airy little poem in the autograph of 
Longfellow may have been printed before, but at the 
risk of repetition it is here inserted : — 



304 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

The brook is voluble with song 

Ab it murmurs down the mountain ; 
And strange soft airs the winds prolong. 

Replying to the fountain ; 
And the jubilant birds from each leafy spraj 
Sing till they sing their lives away. 

What is the song of brook and breeze t 

And that sets the fountain flowing t 
And that the birds sing out of the trees 

Whenever the south wind is blowing t 
Oh jubilant heart, the answer is plain, 
Tis Love, fond Love that awakens the strain ! 
Grand Hotel, July 22nd, 1868. 

Contributions from Charles Dickens, Alexander Dumas, 
pire, Charles Reade, and others are also in the velume. 
Mr. Macgeorge has all the works of J. H. Jesse, 
and a very large and fine copy of Johnson's " Highway- 
man," originalTy from the Perkins Ubrary. The usual 
bibliographical works are in the library, and all of 
Dibdin's works are among them. We take leave of 
this most charming library with profound regret. So 
rich and rare, it would well afford subject-matter for 
an entire volume. It cannot be too emphatically im- 
pressed that in addition to the rarity and splendour of 
the books, every volume is in its pristine size and purity. 
We confess to thinking that if ever there was an occa- 
sion when a poor bibliophile mi^ht forget the difference 
between meum and teum it would surely be in the pre- 
sence of a luxurious collection like that formed by Mr. 
Macgeorge. 



DR. M'ORIGORS LIBRARY. 305 



CHAPTER XIX. 

LIBRARY OF ALEXANDER BENNETT M'GRIGOR, ESQ., LL.D., 

WOODSIDE TERRACE. 

Character of the Library — Arrangement and Appear- 
ance — Department of Theology and Philosophy — 
Some rare Works by Luther — Bassandyne Bible — 
Poetry — Proof Copy of Tennyson s " In Memoriam" 
— Works on Scotland — Glasgow Almanacs — Switzer- 
land and the Alps — Jerusalem and the Holy Land, 
list of eighty-f our foreign Works from 1602 to 1874 
— General History — Biography — Fine Arts — Fiction 
— Classical Writers — A Imanacs — Bibliography — 
Pamphlets. i 

This is essentially a working library. It contains not 
many rare books, and these few have not been procured 
on account of their scarcity. First editions or very 
curious books not having received much attention from 
Dr. M'Grigor, his library will have but little attraction 
for the mere curiosity-hunter. Its solid, enduring merits 
are on the other hand very considerable. In the com- 
prehensiveness and catholicity of its contents, and also 
in the mere number of its volumes, it will be exceeded 
by few private libraries in the city. It is an admirable 
example of a general Hbrary. The best editions of the 
best books, and none but fine copies, have been finely, 
some handsomely, bound. So large and well-selected 
a library commands our attention and admiration, if it 
does not excite our appetite for the rare and wonderfuL 
If any venturesome reader has followed us thus far in 
our alphabetical stroll, and kept awake, he will doubt- 
less think that he has had enough for the nonce of the 

20 



306 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

curious and marvellous, and will feel grateful to the 
learned doctor for beneficently interposing. The con- 
sideration of Dr. M'Grigor's collection will also, we 
hope, have the secondary effect of giving to our volume 
some of that balance and proportion which so specially 
distinguish the library itself. 

In July, 1875, Dr. M'Grigor printed a handsome 
catalogue of 378 pages, quarto, containing the titles of 
about 8,000 volumes, since which time he has added 
several thousands more. 

The library, in location, is divided into two portions, 
the larger being found in what may be termed the 
library proper, and the remainder arranged in the 
drawing-room upstairs. While the books on the ground 
floor are not by any means to be called ill-bound or 
shabby, the drawing-room section is composed entirely 
of handsomely bound books. Few things decorate a 
house so admirably as handsome books, well arranged; 
and, in the present instance, a beautiful room has been 
made more beautiful by the presence of elegant books 
symmetrically disposed. The outside garnishing is of 
the most varied hue. Rows of volumes are resplendent 
in all the brilliancy of tree - calf, morocco, or rusaia. 
Bright red is toned by quiet brown, dark blue and 
green form a beautiful contrast, while here and there 
a volume with white title-pieces peeps out from 
amongst the rest. 

While however possessing much in common with all 
libraries of a general character. Dr. M'Grigor's has some 
characteristics peculiar to itself It is rich in ecclesias- 
tical works written before the year 1000. These have 
been secured, in the first place, for their own interest, 
and in many instances, secondly, as illustrating the 
subject of another large section of the collection, via., 
Jerusalem and Palestine. The mail-clad crusader of 
the Middle Ages sought by force of arms to wrest from 
the infidels possession of the Holy Land, but here the 
sacred country has been most peaceably annexed with- 



DR WORIOORS LIBRARY, 307 

out the discomfort or the danger of an armed expedi- 
tion. Three hundred works contain the sum of the 
Palestine journeying, painting, and exploring which 
the Christian centuries have witnessed. One hundred 
and fifty works relate solely to Switzerland and the 
Alps, and classical and theological writers are strongly 
represented. These are the outstanding features of 
Dr. M'Grigor's collection. 

In Theology, Philosophy, and Ecclesiastical History 
we may select the following authors whose principal 
worksarein the library, as giving some idea of the charac- 
ter of the collection : — Thomas ^ Kempis, Dean Alford, 
Anastasius of Antioch, Dr. Thomas Arnold, St. 
Augustine, Dr. F. C. Baur, Richard Baxter, Charles 
Beard, Dr. A. Benisch, Bishop Beveridge, J. J. 
Blunt, J. H. Blunt, Dr. Peter von Bohlen, H. Bonar, 
Bossuet, Thomas Boston, Robert Boyle, Benjamin 
Brook, David Brown, James Brown, William Brown, 
Dr. A. B. Bruce, Baron Bunsen (26 volumes), John 
Bunyan, Bishop Burnet, Edward Burton, Joseph 
Butler, Principal Caird, Prof. E. Caird, John Calvin, 
Dr. John M'Leod Campbell, Cassiodorus, Dr. 
William Cave, Dr. Thomas Chalmers, Dr. A. H. 
Charteris, Rev. T. K. Cheyne, William Chilling- 
worth, St. Chrysostom, Dr. Adam Clarke, Nicolaus 
Clemangis, Clement of Alexandria, Bishop Colenso, 
W. J. Conybeare, Dr. George Cook, Samuel Cox, 
Dr. John Cunningham, Cyril of Jerusalem, Cyprian, 
James Darling, Dr. Samuel Davidson, T. W. Rhys 
Davids, J. Llewelyn Davies, George Dawson, 
Thomas Dempster, Petrus Dens, Dr. W. F. Dickson, 
Dr. Marcus Dods, Dr. J. J. I. DoUinger, James 
Donaldson, J. S. Dowling, Dr. J. W. Draper, James 
Drummond, Dr. Thomas D wight, Dr. John Eadie, C. 
J. Ellicott, E. B. Elliott, Dr. John England, Thomas 
Erskine of Linlathen,Eusebius Pamphilus (18 volumes), 
G, H. A. von Ewald (14 volumes), Bishop Ewing, 
Joannes Faber (Sermones, Apud Friburgum Brisgan- 



808 THE LIBRARIES OF 0LA8Q0W. 

drae, 1529), Dr. Patrick Fairbairn, Canon Farrar, Abb6 
Fleury, Thomas Fuller, Dr. Giles, Bishop Gillis, Dr. 
J. F. S. Gordon, Dr. E. M. Goulbum, Dr. Richard 
Graves, W. R. Greg, J. Gretser, George Grub, Dr. 
Thomas Guthrie, Dr. W. T. Hamilton, Dr. A. 
Hausrath, Dr. WilUam Hanna, Julius Chaiies Hare, 
Melius Eobanus Hess (In Evangelici Doctoris Martini 
Lutheri Laudem Defensionem Me^sa, etc., Erphnrdise, 
1521), Dr. Peter Heylin, Godfrey Higgins, Hippolytus, 
Richard Hooker, Rev. John Howe, Rev. T. S. How- 
son, Irenaeus, St. Jerome, Josephus (13 volumes), 
Benjamin Jowett, Justin Martyr, M. M. Kalisch, C. 
F. Keil, Dr. Theodore Keim, Dr. Alexander Keith, 
Bishop Keith, Charles Eingsley (30 volumes, includ- 
ing other besides religious works), John Kirkton 
(Sharp's edition of his History of the Church of Scot- 
land), John Kitto, John Knox, Dr. A. Koenen, 
Lactanitus, Archbishop Laud, W. E. H. Lecky, Dr. 
Robert Lee, Bishop Leighton, Bishop Lightfoot, 
Martin Luther (Acta Patris Martini Lutheri apud 
D. Legatum Apostolicum, Augustae, 151S, first edUxon; 
Appelatio F. Martini Luther ad Concihum, 1518 ; 
Adversus Execrabilem Anti - Christi Bullam, Wit- 
tenberg, 1520, ^r^^ edition; Tessaradecas Consola- 
toria pro Laborantibus et Oneratis, Augsbui^, 
1528) ; D. Joannes Mabillon (Acta Sanctorum 
Ordinis, S. Bendicti, 9 volumes, folio, 1668-1701); 
Dr. Alex. M'Caul, D. M'Donald, Alexander Mac- 
laren, John Maclaurin, Dr. Norman Macleod, Dr. 
Thomas M'Crie, Dr. H. L. ManseU, Dr. Richard 
Mant, James Martineau, F. Denison Maurice (77 
volumes and pamphlets, including a sermon on preach- 
ing in manuscript and a large number of works to which 
he contributed, also many volumes and pamphlets for 
and against him), Methodius, Bishop Middleton, Dr. 
William Milligan, Dean Milman, Joseph Milner, J. 
D. Morell, Dr. J. L. von Mosheim, Daniel Neal, Dr. 
J. Mason Neale, Augustus Neander, F. W. Newman, 



DR. M'GRIOORS LIBRARY. 309 

Cardinal Newman, Origen, Robert Paisley, Dr. 
William Paley, Dr. John Pearson, W. H. Pin- 
nock, E. de Pressense, Leopold Banke, James Reid, 
Dr. Thomas Reid, Ernest R6nan, J. H. Rigg, J. C. 
Robertson, F. W. Robertson, Henry Rogers, M. J. 
Routh, Dr. Michael Russell, Dr. Philip Schaff, John 
Service, Dr. W. Robertson Smith, Sozomen, Dean 
Stanley, Dr. John Stoughton, Dr. D. F. Strauss, Isaac 
Taylor, Bishop Jeremy Taylor, Bishop Temple, Ter- 
tullian, Theodoret, Dr. Andrew Thomson, Dr. W. M. 
Thomson, Henry Thornton, C. de Tischendorf, Arch- 
bishop Trench, H. B. Tristram, Usingius (Libellus F. 
Bartholomei de Unsingen Augustiniani de Merito 
Bonorum Operum, Erphurdii, 1525), Dr. C. J.Vaughan, 
D. J. Vaughan, George Waddington, M. E. C. Walcott, 
Clement Walker, Bishop Warburton, W. G. Ward, 
Dr. B. Weiss, Julius Wellhausen, Archbishop Whate- 
ley. Dr. W. Whewell, Bishop Wordsworth. The 
library also contains many volumes of Migne's Pat- 
rologise Cursus Completus, the Maxima Bibliotheca 
Veterum Patrum et Antiquorum Scriptorum Ecclesias- 
ticorum, with indices and apparatus, 30 vols., folio, 
Paris, 1677-1715; Dr. Smith's Ecclesiastical Diction- 
aries, and such series as the Sacred Books of the East, 
the Theological S.S. Translation Fund Library, the 
Anti-Nicene Christian Library, and the publications of 
various religious societies. Twenty-five Bibles are 
entered in the catalogue. One has special interest. 
The "Bassandyne" Bible, called so after the name 
of the printer of the New Testament, Thomas Bas- 
sandyne, was the first Bible produced at the Scottish 
press. It is referred to at page 93. This copy, 
however, like nearly all others, is imperfect. 

In Poetiy there are some good editions of Burns, 
including a copy of the second edition which formerly 
belonged to Lord Dundrennan, also good editions of 
Sir David Lyndsay, Ossian, Ramsay, Campbell, and 
other Scottish poets. All the first editions of the 



310 TEE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

works of James Graham, author of " The Sabbath/* 
are in the library. Dr. M^Grigor has also an unique 
copy of an unfinished play entitled " Wallace," by the 
nephew of the author of "The Sabbath," printed 
apparently from newspaper slips, and acquired from 
the Maidment collection. The various poems of Sir 
Theodore Martin are mostly presentation copies, some 
of them, such as ^* Madonna Pia," 1860, and "Verses 
original and translated," 1863, being also privately 
printed. Of Dr. Walter Smith's poems Dr. M'Grigor, 
to whom " Olrig Grange " was dedicated, has numer- 
ous copies, proof, and others, and his copy of David 
Gray's poems, edited by Henry Glassford Bell (1874), 
is one of twelve having two extra sheets of poems, 
which are in no other edition. Robert Browning is 
present in nearly every edition of his various works 
as they appeared separately and collectively, beginning 
with ** Paracelsus" in 1835, and ending with his most 
recent volume. Of Lord Byron, besides the collected 
edition of his works, there are a number of first 
editions of his separate pieces, including the " English 
Bards and Scotch Reviewers." Shelley, Cowper,Crabbe, 
Mrs. Hemans, Hood, Lord Lytton, Praed, and Words- 
worth are in comparatively recent editions. Herbert, 
Milton, Pope, Prior, Churchill, and Rowlands are in 
good old form. A fine series of the works of Cole- 
ridge, some authoritative editions of Shakespeare, 
including J. P. Collier's last edition, in eight volumes, 
small 4 to, of which only 55 copies were printed for 
subscribers ; some of Roger's poems, includmg a copy 
of his ** Poems," 1834, illustrated by Turner, bought 
at Rogers' sale, and one of his ** Italy," 1 830 ; a few of 
Joseph Ritson's works, and many first editions of 
Tennyson's works are also in this division. Among 
the latter may be specially noted a copy of the 
early proof sheets of " In Memoriam," showing many 
matenal variations from the first edition issued in 
1850. Goethe and Schiller take up some consider- 



\ 
\ 



\ 

\ 
\ 



DR. WQBIG0R8 LIBRARY. 311 

able space, both German and English versions being 
on the shelves. Dante and other foreign poets appear 
in ordinary editions. This class also, includes the 
original edition of Dodsley's old "Plays," with 
Hazlitt's reprint, "The British Theatre," Hunterian 
Society publications, and those of the Percy Society, 
with the two suppressed parts. 

Bearing on the history of Scotland there are many 
works. First in importance is a handsomely bound 
copy of the Maitland Club publications, some of the 
issues of the Bannatyne and Spalding Clubs, and 
the Scottish Burgh Records Society. All the leading 
Scottish historical writers bear these company. Boece 
(Bellenden's translation, 1821), Buchanan, Burton, 
Chambers, Fordun, Holinshed, Innes (Cosmo), Innes 
(Thomas), Laing, Pinkerton, Robertson, Tytler, and 
many others. " The Antiquities " of Captain Grose, 
in twelve volumes, and Pennant's Tours are the leading 
works in the topographical section. Other works of 
a kindred nature are Chalmers's ** Caledonia " (large 
paper), Sinclair's " Statistical Account of Scotland," 
the " New Statistical Account of Scotland," Douglas's 
" Peerage and Baronage of Scotland," the three parts 
of the " National MSS. of Scotland," and an exten- 
sive collection of archaeological works, including the 
series of Chronicles and Memorials published under 
the direction of the Lord Clerk Register. A score of 
works on Mary Queen of Scots, and amongst them 
some of the best modern contributions to the history 
of her period, is a good many more than we have a 
right to look for in any library not Mr. Guild's. There 
are fifty-four entries in the catalogue under Glasgow. 
They refer to the best of the well-known books about 
the city, and need not be detailed. Among the 
pamphlets to be hereafter mentioned, there are about 
180 relating to Glasgow. Dr. M^Grigor has not made 
the collection of Glasgow periodicals a specialty, and 
such as are in the library have probably been inherited. 



312 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

As, however, an attempt has been made in these pages 
to name as large a number of these interesting produc- 
tions as possible, we mention those named in the 
catalogue. The Glasgow Magazine, Tol. L (all pub- 
lished), 1795 — this is probably the only copy in 
existence; The Literary Melange, or Weekly Be^ster 
of Literature and the Arts, 1822 ; Gla^w Free 
Press, 1822; The Saltwater Gazette, 1835. Of the 
Glasgow University Calendar, Dr. M*Grigor has thick 
paper copies, a privilege he shares with thirty-two 
others. The number given of Glasgow books does 
not include almanacs, of which there are a number — 

1786. The Glasgow Almanack — a sheet 

1801. Do. do. 

1802. The British Almanack and Glasgow R^rLster, Edinbaxg^ 

1803. Do. do. da do. 

1804. The New Glasgow Almanack, Edinburgh. 

1805. Do. do. do. 

1806. The British Almanack and Glasgow Register, Edinbur^g^ 

1807. Do. do. do. da 

1808. Da do. do. da 

In a note to a little volume, published in the Family 
Library, " Family Tour through South Holland, up 
the Rhine and across the Netherlands to Ostend, 
1831," Dr. M'Grigor says that it was the first book 
that gave him a desire to travel Since that perusal, 
the chance seed has brought forth much fruit, if we 
may judge from the number of works of travel in the 
library. Beginning with our nearest neighbour, there 
are some fine books on France, and moving eastward 
hardly a country in Europe is unrepresented. In the 
Alps we make our first halt, for there are no less 
than 150 works in about 180 volumes on Switzerland 
and the mountain ranges of that and the neighbouring 
countries, including those of Scheutzer, Saussure, 
Agassiz, and Forbes, a set of the Journal of the 
Alpine Club, of which Dr. M*Grigor is a member, 
and almost all the works of note published on the 



DR. M'GRIGORS LIBRARY. 313 

Alps during the last forty years. There are a large 
number of illustrated wor&s on this subject^ such as 
Coleman's *' Scenes from the Snow Fields," 1859, and a 
unique copy of Bisson Preres' " Photographs of Mont 
Blanc and the valley of Chamouni," with title page 
and index specially printed, as well as an extensive 
series of maps, including the Government surveys of 
Switzerland, the Government survey of St. Gallen, and 
many others. 

The library is also rich in works on the famous cities 
of Europe. It possesses important works relating to 
Edinburgh, London, Paris, Pompeii, Rome, St. 
Petersburg, and other famous places. Those on Paris 
number 22 volumes; those on Rome, as many, in- 
cluding^ Sir William Gell's Topography of Rome and 
its Vicinity, 3 volumes, 1834 ; JBums's Rome and the 
Campagna; Francis Wey's Rome; and the whole of 
the late Mr. Parker's publications. Among those on 
Pompeii is Sir W. Gell's "Pompeiana," a copy which 
once belonged to the late Mr. Macready. There are a 
large number of works treating of Central Asia and 
the Khanates to the east of the Caspian, with most 
of the recently-published maps of this district, includ- 
ing several editions of the great Map of Turkestan 
by Colonel Walker. 

But as we briefly indicated at the outset, the most 
striking feature of the whole library is undoubtedly 
the collection of works on Jerusalem and the Holy 
Land. They number in one shape or another about 
300 works, and form, probably, the largest private 
collection on the subject in existence. To give an 
adequate view of the whole collection would be diflBl- 
cult, and without a complete catalogue perhaps impos- 
sible. As in the case of other special collections, we 
have made a selection of the more important books. 
In the present instance only foreign works and of not 
later date than 1874 are given. They are arranged in 
the order of the publication of the works. 



314 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

1502. Brejdenbach, Bern. de. Sanctaram pere gr i iia tionTiin in montem 
Sjon, ad Tenerandum Christi Sepolehmm in Jemaalem . . . 
opuBculiun. Third edition, plates. Sm. fdio^ Spires. 

1525. GabrieL Compendioea qnedam, nee minus lecta joeanda 
descriptio urbis Hiemsalem. Sinall 4to, Sine looa 

1563. Reisnems, Adamns. Jemsalem Tetostiasinia ilia et eele> 
berrima totius mundi civitas ex sacris Uteris ei approbatis 
historicisadiingiiemdescripta. Woodciit& 4to^ Franoofiirti. 

1565. Leo, Jacobus Jehnda. De Templo ELierosoljmitano libfi 
rVT. Plan and Plates. Sm. 4to, HelmaestadL 

1593. Bartholomans de Saligniaca Itinerarinm Sacrae Sc riptur aay 
hoc est, Sanctae Terrae B^onumque Finitimamm Descriptioi. 
Sm. 4to. MagdebnrgL 

1593. Ribera, Francisciis. De Templo et de iis quae ad Templom 
pertinent Libri qninque. Post 8to, Antwerpiae. 

1595. lipsos, Justus. De Cruoe Libri Tres ad sacram pro- 
fimamque historiam utiles, una cam notis. Seoond edition. 
Woodcuta Romae. 

1596-1604. Villalpandns. Hieronjmi Pradi et Joannis Baptistae 
Yillalpandi e Societate Jesn in Eseckielem EzplanationeSi et 
apparatus Urbis ac Templi Uierosolymetani, Commentariis et 
Imaginibus illustratus. 3 vols. Map and plates. Folio^ 
Romae. 

1611. Gesta Dei per Francos, sive Orientalium Bxpeditionam et 
Regni Francorum Hierosolimitani Historia. 2 Tola., folio^ 
bound in one. Maps. Hanoviae. 

1619. Adamnanus. De Situ Terrae Sanctae .... stadio Jacobi 
Gretseri. SmaU 4to, Ingolstadt 

1619. Cotovicus, Joannes. Itinerarium Hieroeolomytannm et 
Syriacum. Woodcuts. Sm. 4to, Antwerpiaa 

1621. Furrer, Christopborus. Itinerarium ^gypti, Arabiae, Pa]ae»> 
tinae, Sjriae, Aliarumque Regionum Orientalium. Plates* 
Small 4to, Nurimbergae. 

1639. Quaeresmius, Franciscus. Histories Theologica et Moralis 
Terrae Sanctae Elucidatia 2 vols., folio, Antwerpiaa. 

1653. Allatius, Leo. ^YMMIKTA sive Opusculorum Graecommet 
Latinorum, Yetustiorum ac Recentiorum, libri Duo, contain- 
ing, inter alia (concerning Jerusalem), Phocas, Epipbanina, 
Perdicca, Anonymus de locis Hierosoljmitanis, Eugesippua, 
and Willibrandus ab Oldenborg. 12mo, Col. Agrip. 

1682. Adrichoroius. Theatrum Terrae Sanctae et Biblioamm 
Historiarum. Folio. Maps, and plan of Jerusalem. CoL Agrip. 

1689. Heidmannus, Christopborus. Palaestina sive Terra Saneta. 
Maps. Sm. 4to, Hannoviae. 



DR M'GRIGORS LIBRARY. 31& 

1704. Sanson, Nic. Geographia Sacra, etc. Map& Folio,. 
Amstelaedami. 

1714. Relandi (Hadriani) Palaestina ex Monumentis veteribua 
illustrata. 2 toIb., sm. 4to bound in 1. Maps. Trajecta 
BataTorum. 

1739. Hasins, Johannes Matthias. Regni Davidici et Solomonaei 
Descriptio Geographica et Historica .... Consideratia 
Urbiom Maximarum veterum et recentiomm* Maps. 
Folio, Nurimbergae. 

1740. Le Qaien, K. P. F. M. Oriens Christianas in quataor Partes 

digestus, quo exhibuntur Ecclesiae, Patriarchae, ceterique 
Presules totius orientis. Maps. 3 vols., folio, Parisiis. 

1743-6. Kortens, Jonas. Keise nach Gelobten Lande. Mit zwei Sup- 
plementen. Plans. Halle, 1743. — Vierter Supplement. Halle, 
1751. — Drittes Supplement Plan. Halle, 1746. Bound in 

1 volume. Post 8vo. 

1789. Plessing, Johan Friedrich. Ueber Golgotha, und Christi 
Grab. Map. Svo, Halle. 

1807. Brocquiere, Bertrandon De La. The Travels of .... to 
Palestine, etc. Translated by Thomas Johne& 8vo, Hafod 
Press. 

1812. Chateaubriand, F. A. Itin^raire de Paris k Jerusalem et de 
Jerusalem k Paris. Second edition. Map. 2 vols., 8vo, Paris. 

1816. Ali Bey. Travels between the years 1803-1807. Translated. 

2 vols., 4to, London. 

1829. Michaud. Biblioth^que des Croisades. 4 vols., Svo, Paris. 

1831. Pettrachia. Tour du Monde ou Voyages du Babbin Pet- 
trachia de Batisbonne, dans le douzi^me Siecle. Publies en 
Hebreu et en Fran9ais accompagn^ de Notes. Par M. E. 
Carmoly. 8vo, Paris. 

1833. Olshausen, D. Justus. Zur Topographie des alten Jerusalem. 
Plans. 8vo, Kiel. 

1836. Jalal-Addin. The History of the Temple of Jerusalem. 
Translated by the Rev. J. Reynolds. Oriental Translation 
Fund. 8vo, London. 

1840-1. Benjamin of Tudela, Kabbi. The Itinerary. Translated 
and edited by A. Asher. 2 vols. Sm. 8vo, London and Berlin. 

1841. Dupuis, Ahh6 Andr6. Introduction au Plan de Jerusalem et 
de ses Faubourgs. Svo, Paris and Nantes. 

1843. Coquerel, Athanase. Topographie de Jerusalem. 8vo, Stras- 
bourg. 

1843-9. Faber, Frater Felix. Evagatorium in Terrae Sanctae, 
Arabiae, et Egypti Peregrinationum. 3 vols. Svo, Stutt- 
gardiae. 



316 THE LIBRARIES OF GLA800W. 

1845. Soholtz, Dr. Ernest Gustav. Jerosalem* Plan. Berlin. 

1846. Kraffl, W. Die Topographie Jerusalem. Plana Sro, Bonn. 

1847. Salvader, J. Histoire de la Domination Bomaine en JncUe et 

de la Buine de Jerusalem. 2 vols. 8yo^ Paris. 

1848. Itinerarium Antonini Augustiet Hierosoly mit ann m e d i deront 

S. Parthej et M. Finder. Plans. 8to» BerolinL 

1849* Lamartine, Alphonse de. Voyage en Orient. 4 yoIs. in 2. 
8vo, Paris. 

1849. Schaffter, Albert Die Achte Lage des Heiligen Orwhm. 

Plan. 8vo, Berne. 
1849. Tobler, Dr. Titus. Bethlehem in Palastina. Plan. Poet Sto, 
St. Gallen und Berne. 

1849. Oartulaire de TEglise du Saint Sepulchre de Jerusalem, paUie 

d'apr^ les MSS. du Vatican, par M. Eugtoe de Boa^re. 4Iq^ 
Paris. 

1850. Schwartz, Babbi Joseph. A descriptive Geography and brief 

Historical Sketch of Palestine. Translated. Maps and 
plates. 8yo, Philadelphia. 

1851. Thetmar. Iter ad Terram Sanctam anno 1217. Edidit Titos 

Tobler, M.D. Duod. St Galli et Bemae, 1851. 

1851. Tobler, Dr. Titus. Golgatha : Seine Kirchen nnd Eldeter. 

Plan and plates. Svo, St Gall, und Berne. 

1852. Tobler, Dr. Titus. Die SUoahquelle und des Oelberg. Flan. 

Post 8vo, St Gallen. 

1852. Fallmerayer, Dr. Denkschrift iiber Golgotha nnd das Heilig* 
Grab. Plan of Jerusalem. 4to, Miinchen. 

1852. Lelewel, Joachim. Geographie du Moyen Ageu Maps. 

4 vols, bound in 2, wi^ Atlas in oblong qoartoi. 8yo^ 
Bruxelles. 

1853-8. Ibn Batoutah, Voyages d'. Texte Arabe aooompagn6 d^im 
traduction par C. Defr^mery et le Dr. B. & SangoinettL 
4 vols. 8vo, Paris. 

1853. Saulcy, F. de. Voyage autour de la Mer Mort et dans les 
Terres Bibliques execute de Decembre, 1850, i Avril, 1851. 
2 vols., with quarto volume of maps and plates. 8 vols. Paris. 

1854. Michon, M. L'Abb6 J. H. Voyage Beligieuse en Orient 

Second edition. Plans. 2 vols. Svo, Paris. 

1854. Van de Velde, C. W. ^L Narrative of a Journey throng 

Syria and Palestine in 1851 and 1852. Translated. 2 Tcds. 

Plates. 8vo, Edinburgh. 
1853-4. Tobler, Dr. Titus. Zwei Bucher Topographie von Jerosalem 

und seinen Umgebungen. 2 vols. Plates and plans. Sra^ 

Berline. 



DR. M'QRIQORS LIBRARY. 317 

1856. Munk, S. Palestine. Description G^graphique, Historiqne^ 

et Arch6ologique. Sto, Paris. 
1656. Tobler, Dr. Titus. Denkblatter aus Jerusalem. Plates and 

maps. Svo, Constanz. 

1859. Tobler, Dr. Titus. Dritte Wanderung nach Palastina in 

Jahre 1857. Imp. 8vo, Gotha. 

1860. Bo wrasse, M. L'Abb6 J. J. La Terre Sainte, Voyage dans 

TArabie Petr6e, la Jud6e, la Samarie, la Galil^, et la Syrie. 
Plates. Imp. 8vo, Tours. 

1860. Vogue, Comte Melchior de. Les Eglises de la Terre Sainte. 

Plates and plans. 4to, Paris. 

1861. Joanne, Adolphe. Itin6raire Descriptif, Historique, et Arch^o- 

logique de F Orient. Maps and plans. 8yo, Paris. 

1861. Unruh, Gustav. Das alte Jerusalem und seine Bauwerke. 

Plans. Svo, Langensabza. 

1862. Eusebius, Pampbilus. Onomasticon. Graece cum Latina 

BieroDymi Interpretatione. Ediderunt F. Larsow et G. 
Parthey. Fcap. 8vo, Berolini. 

1862. Schmidt, C. Geschicbte der Stadt Jerusalem vom Jahre 2,000 
vor Ohristus bis auf unsere Tage. Post 8vo, Honerswerder. 

1863. Antoninus, Martyr. De Locis Sanctis quae ambulavit. Circa 
A.D. 570. Edited by Titus Tobler. 8vo, St. Gallen. 

1863. Unger, F. W. Die Bauten Constantius des Grossen am beiligen 
Grabe zu Jerusalem. Woodcuts. 8vo, Gottinger. 

1864. Bo vet, Felix. Voyage en Terre Sainte. Fcap. 8vo, Paris. 
1864. Pierotti, Ermete. Jerusalem Explored. Translated by T. S, 

Bonney. 2 vols. Folio, London. 
1864. Daniel, L'lgoum^ne Russe. Pdl^rinage en Terre Sainte (1113- 
1115.) Bussian and French. Par Abraham de Noroff. 
Plans. 4to, St. Petersburg. 

1864. Vogue, Comte Melchior de. La Temple de Jerusalem. Mono- 

graphic du Haram-ech-Cherif suivie d'un Essaie sur la Topo- 
graphic de la Ville Sainte. Plates (some coloured), photograph 
of Interior of Dome of the Hock inserted as frontispiece. 
Folio, Paris. 

1865. Azais, L'Abbe. P^l^rinage en Terre Sainte. 8vo, Paris 

and Nimes. 
1865. Furrer, Conrad. Wanderungen durch Palastina. Maps. 

Post 8vo, Zurich. 
1865. Saulcy, F. de. Voyage en Terre Sainte. Plan& 2 vols. 

Imp. Svo, Paris. 
1865. Theodericus. Libellus de Locis Sanctis editus circa A.D. 1172. 

Cui accedunt breviores aliquot descriptiones Terrae Sanctae. 

Edited by Titus Tobler. Fcap. 8vo, St. Gallen and Paris, 1865. 
1868. Arnaud, E. La Palestine Ancienne et Modeme, ou Geo- 
graphic, Historique et Physique, de la Terre Sainte. Coloured 

maps. Svo, Paris. 



318 THE LIBRARieS OF GLASGOW. 

186a Bib^ Atlaa, bj Dr. Theodor Moik^ in Adito BlitteiiL 8a. 

fo., (jotha. 
1866. Coulomb, M. L'Abb^ P. J. Le Gftlymire et J^raml«m d'aptte 

la Bible et Josepiie. Map. 8vo^ Paru. 
1866. Bitter, CarL The Compandre Geographj of Paleatiiie 

and the Sinaitic Penfnwila^ Tranalated and adapted to tlie 

nae of Biblical Stodenta, hj Wiifiam L. Sage. 4 toIl 8tq^ 

EdiTi. 
1866. Boeen, S. Daa Hazam Yon Jenualem nnd dea Tempel^ats 

des Moria. Plana. Sto, Gotha. 

1866. Saulcj, F. de. Les Demien Joan de JemJem. Plates and 

plana. Imp. 8to. Pui& 

1867. Derenboorg, T. Easai sor I'Histoire ei la G^ogrniiue de la 
Palestine d'l^pres les Thalmnds et les aatres aooroes Bablm- 
iqnes. Premiere partie. Hiatoxre de la Pakstine defniia 
Oyros jnaqu'a Adrian. 8to, Pkria. 

1867. Tobler, Dr. Titna. Biblic^phia Geographica Palaestznae. 

Imp. 8yo, Leipidg. With supplement^ Dresden, 1875. 
1867. Thierrj, Amedee. Saint Jarome, La Society Ohreiienne 4 

Borne et I'Emigration BomaiTie en Terre Sainte. 2 toIs. 8tq^ 



1869. Tobler, Dr. TitwL Palaestinae Descriptianes ex Saecolo lY.^ 

v., etVL 

Itinerariom Bordigala HierosoljmanL 

Per^;rinatio S. Paulae. 

Eacherios de Locis Sanctis^ 

Theodoras de Situ Terrae Sanctae. Post 8to, St Gallen. 

1870. Lagarde, Paolos de. Onomastka Sacra. 2 toIs in 1, 
Gottingae. 

1874. Tobler, Dr. Htus. Descripti<Hies Terrae Sanctae ez Saecolo^ 
Vni., IX., XTL, et XV. 

S. WiUibaldoa. 

Commemoratorium de Oasis DeL 
Bemardus Monachal 
Innominatus YIL 
Johannes WorzilburghensisL 
Innominatus YIIL 
La Citez de Jherusalem. 
Johannes Polonor. 

Nach Hand- and Drackschriiflen heransgegeben Ton Titos 
Tobler. Map. Cr. 8vo, Leipzig. 

To the foregoing must be added nearly every work in 
English of any value on the subject, including the 
Ordnance Survey of Jerusalem, complete sets of the 



DB. M'ORIGORS LIBRARY. 319 

publications and maps of the Palestine Exploration 
Fund, the Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palaestina-Vereins, 
and the exquisite publications of the Socidt^ de TOrient 
Latin, with all that has yet appeared (12 vols, folio) of 
the great French work Recueil des Historiens des 
Croisades, and the beautifully illustrated works of 
Mons. Renan on Phenicia, and the Due de Luynes 
upon the Dead Sea, etc., etc. Perhaps also under this 
branch may most fitly be noted a large paper copy of 
Gesenius' Thesaurus Linguse Hebraeae et Chaldaeae, 
Leipsic, 1840, bound in two volumes folio, and Haji 
Khalfae's Lexicon of Arabic Authors, in 7 vols. 4to, 
published for the Oriental Translation Fund, Leipsic, 
1835-58. 

History is represented by fine copies of the works of 
Sir Arch. AHson, Dr. Arnold, Bishop Burnet, Carlyle, 
Clarendon, Cousin, Dyer, Freeman, Froude, Frois- 
sart, S. K. Gardiner, Gibbon, William Godwin, 
Grote, Guizot, HaUam, Lecky, Macaulay, Merivale, 
Milman, Motley, a complete set of Notes and 
Queries ; Bush worth's Historical collections ; the 
publications of the Camden Society ; and many 
other books. Noble's House of Cromwell bears the 
bookplate of Edward Gibbon the historian, and O'Con- 
ner's State of Ireland is notable as containing the address 
to the Irish nation which was to have been the manifesto 
to the Pope in the event of the success of the Rebel- 
lion in the year 1797. A number of contemporary 
works on the life and reign of King Charles L are 
worthy of special notice. One of them, *' The Life and 
Beign of King Charles, or the Pseudo-Martyr Dis- 
covered," London, 1651,. bears on the fly-leaf in one 
handwriting, " A damm'd libill made by a villaian who 
did eate ye K' Bread," and in another the answer, '* a 
silly reflection made by a Blockhead who knew not the 
Happiness of our Constitution," no bad epitome of the 
spirit of each of the contending parties. 

In Biography the list of names is long and important. 



320 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

General biography contains such works as the " Bio- 
graphie Genersde/' and the two editions of the ** Bio- 
graphia Britannia/' while the individual biographieB 
include such works as Masson's '^ Life of Milton " and 
the '* M^moires de Due St. Simon/' 20 volumes, be- 
sides many works of more moderate dimensions. 

Casting our eye over the works relating to Art, we 
observe a proof copy of Roberts's Egypt, Nubia, and 
the Holy Land, in 6 volumes, imp. folio; beautiful copies 
of the Landscape Annuals, 10 volumes ; Mrs. Jameson's 
Sacred and Legendary Art ; Legends of the Monastic 
Order; Legends of the Madonna; and the History 
of our Lord, as exemplified in works of art, eta ; 
Lodge's Portraits, 12 volumes, 4to, 1835; Viollet-le- 
Duc's Dictionnaire Kaissonn^e de 1' Architecture Fran- 
caise du xi*. au xvi*. siecle; The Vanity Fair 
Album ; Paul Lacroix's fine works ; Buskin's Modem 
Painters, Stones of Venice, Seven Lamps, and some 
others of his works ; William's Greece, and Turner's 
England and Wales and Southern Coast Dr. 
M'Grigor's copy of the Modem Painters is one of the 
very few early copies in which plate 47 in Volume IV. 
is numbered 49 by mistake. The error was quickly 
discovered and corrected, and as a consequence uncor- 
rected copies are scarce, and the impressions of the 
plates exceptioually valued. 

A much-despised form of literature finds a place in 
Dr. M'Grigor's library. He has a great many blue-books. 
He has also many trials. Chief amongst them are 
Howell's collection of State Trials, 34 volumes; Causes 
Celebres et I nt^ressantes, 26 volumes; a number of 
pamphlets relating to the trial of James Stuart of 
DuDcam, and reports of some of the principal trials of 
the last hundred years. 

The leading novelists are represented by complete 
sets of their works. Of Beckford's " Vathek" there is 
the first edition (1786), and Dr. Doran's copy of a 
reprint. There are first editions of most of Scott's, 



DR. M'ORIGOES LIBRARY. 321 

Thackeray's, Dickens', TroUope's, and George Eliot's 
novels. There is also a copy of the Villon Society's 
" Thousand and One Night's Entertainment." 

Classics remind us most nearly of theology in the 
thoroughness of the selection. The editions are good 
whether early or modem, and are not limited to one* 
Of most of the ancient writers there are two, three, 
and sometimes half-a-dozen editions. Under Aeschy- 
lus there are ten entries in the catalogue, under 
Aristophanes five, under Catullus six, under Cicero 
ten, under Demosthenes two, under Euripides five, 
under Herodotus six, under Hesiod two, under Homer 
four, under Horace nine, under Juvenal four, under 
Livy five, under Lucretius three, under Plato seven, 
under Plautus two, under Sophocles five, under 
Tacitus six, under Thucydides three, under Virgil 
seven, under Xenophon eleven. There are also such 
accessories to a classical collection as Du Cange's 
*' Glossarium Mediae et Infiniae Latinitatis," seven 
volumes, quarto, the ** Facciolati Lexicon," Sophocles' 
Greek Lexicon of the Roman and Byzantine Periods, 
the Classical, Biographical, and Geographical Diction- 
aries of Dr. Smith, and the magnificent volumes of 
the Palaeographical Society, including both the 
general and oriental series. 

Coming to the last of our divisions — Miscellaneous 
— we find yet many books to notice. Going over the 
catalogue we first come across a page and a half 
devoted to almanacks, some of which we noted under 
Glasgow, and the early ones of those remaining we 
now give : — 

1724. Almanack de Milan. Brussels. 

1 744. Rider's British Merlin. With MS. Notes by a Judge on Circuit. 
1768. Edinburgh Almanack. 
1778. Do. do. 

1791. London Calendar. Thick sheet. 
1794. Univei-sal Scots Almanack. Sheet. Edinburgh. 
1796. Do. do. do. do. 

1805. Do. do. do do. 

21 



322 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

1809. General Almanack of Scotland and British Registery Edin. 

1810. Do. do. do. do. da 

1812. Edinburgh Almanack and Imperial Register, Edin. 

1813. General Almanack of Scotland and British Register, Edin. 

Sixteen entries appear in the catalogue at Arnold 
(Matthew), fourteen appear at Helps (Arthur), eight 
at Hone (WilliamV ten at Johnson (Samuel), nine at 
Mill (John Stuart), and under the names of Lander, 
Lockhart, MuUer (Max), Swift, and Voltaire are 
entered the most important of their writings, and ef 
the works about them. Bibliography is present in 
the well-known works of Allibone, Beloe, Bnmet, 
Brydges, Burton, Lowndes, and Watt ; in the 
''Retrospective Review," and in the catalogues of 
the Advocates' Library in Edinburgh, and the Royal 
Institution and London Libraries. Dr. M'Grigor has 
sets of some magazines, including the "Edinburgh 
Review," and has also a most extensive collection of 
pamphlets. They number close on 800, and are 
bound in 69 volumes. The subjects of these books in 
miniature are very various. Two volumes relate to 
the Holy Sepulchre, several volumes are of a political 
character, some are ecclesiastical, one concerns the 
establishment of the Roman CathoUc hierarchy in 
England, two or three are on the Sabbath question, a 
number relate to the movements in which Frederick 
Denison Maurice took part, some are legal, some 
statistical, and many local. The whole of their titles 
are printed in the catalogue and occupy sixty- three 
pages. 

This brings us to the end of our survey of this 
very important and valuable library. 



MR MATHIESON'S LIBRARY. 323 



CHAPTER XX. 

LIBRARY OF THOMAS ADAM MATHIESON, ESQ., GROSVENOR 

TERRACE. . 

Mr. Mathieson's connection with Hutchesons' Hospital — 
General remarks on his Library — Rushin — Poetry — 
Scottish Books — Glasgow Books — Strang's Progress 
of Glasgow — Glasgow Looking-Glass — Herald to the 
Trades* Advocate — Wynd Church Case — Interesting 
and amusing Pamphlets — Conclusion. 

Mr. Mathieson is well known as a former prominent 
member of the Town Council of Glasgow, where he 
sat as one of the representatives of the third ward 
during six terms of office — 1866 to 1884. He was 
made River Bailie in 1868, a Magistrate in 1870, 
and in 1878 elected to the office of Preceptor of 
Hutchesons' Hospital, an educational charity founded 
in 1641 by two Glasgow writers, George and 
Thomas Hutcheson, brothers. 

During Mr. Mathieson s tenure of office the noble 
volume in which Mr. William Henry Hill, the much- 
esteemed clerk to the institution, has told its history 
so admirably, was published. It is dedicated to Mr. 
Mathieson, who took much interest in its compilation. 
Several books have been written about the Hospital, 
in the course of the two hundred and forty-two years 
of its existence, but none with the fulness and ability 
characteristic of Mr. Hill's, which, in respect to his- 
torical accuracy and comprehensiveness, as well as 
material bulk, eclipses all its predecessors. It must 
therefore be a circumstance of much pleasure to Mr. 
Mathieson that his name is inseparably associated 



324 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

with so monumental a record of an institution in 
which he took so very great interest 

The writer may be permitted in this place to express 
his unfeigned regret that he has been unable to include 
in this volume an account of Mr. Hill's fine library, 
and if anything would tempt him to inflict on a suffer- 
ing public another volume of Glasgow library history 
it would be the prospect of placing on record the 
extent and richness of Mr. Hill's collection, the 
gatherings of three generations of antiquaries. 

Mr. Mathieson was a member of the Libraries Com- 
mittee of the Glasgow Corporation from its first ap- 
pointment on the reception in 1874 of the Mitchell 
bequest until he left the Council in 1884, and from 
1878 he was sub-convener. He took a keen and 
intelligent interest in the library, and rendered it 
much ungrudging service. He was also a member 
of the board of airectors of Stirling's Library from 
November, 1883, to November, 1884, being one of 
the representatives elected by the Town Council. 

Counted by volumes, Mr. Mathieson's library is not 
very large (fully 2,000 volumes) — estimated by the 
intrinsic worth of its contents it is valuable. It is not 
remarkable for tall copies or rare first editions unless 
they happen to be the best, but consists mainly of the 
works of authors of acknowledged repute, in good 
editions and appropriately fine bindings. We say 
mainly because, as will hereafter be shown, it his 
some curiosities which do not fall under the above 
category. It strikes one as the library of a gentleman 
who has no hobby — in literature at least — save, indeed^ 
it be a liking for all good books, and a weakness for 
an artistic piece of binding. Selecting his books with 
care, paying a good price, and in the matter of bind- 
ing considering the labourer worthy of his hire, Mr. 
Mathieson has much reason to be pleased with his 
library. We like tlie deliberate, well-planned method 
of forming a library. It gives the owner time to 



MR MATUIESOirS LIBRARY. 325 

become acquainted with his purchases, to read his 
books, to appreciate or reject them, and is after all 
the true way in which to make a good collection. 
Indiscriminate buying with haste is certainly effica- 
<;ious in quickly amassing a large number of books, 
but in the process, the great purpose of every book — 
to be read — is overlooked, and there is a danger that, 
wanting this acquaintance and affection between the 
books and their possessor, he may tire of them as 
rapidly as he acquired them. 

But to return to the present collection. It is 
arranged in three large mahogany bookcases, one of 
which is of very fine workmanship. Mr. Mathieson 
is an ardent Ruskinian, and perhaps the most pro- 
minent feature — certainly the one he regards with 
greatest pleasure — of his collection is a large and 
handsome array of the works of the great art critic. 
They number over one hundred volumes, are aU in 
original editions, with fine impressions of the plates, 
and are bound in the beautiful fashion sanctioned by 
the master. Not content with Ruskin's own works, Mr. 
Mathieson has also many of the works incidentally 
mentioned in his writings. Chief amongst these are 
" Engravings of the Frescoes of Giotto in Padua," 
Twenty-five beautiful quarto photos, of Amiens Cathed- 
ral, which form a complete body of illustrations for 
" The Bible of Amiens " ; Ludwig Richter's charming 
illustrations of the Seasons, the Lord's Prayer, and 
Sunday. 

The library contains some other fine books in this 
class — Fine Art Philip Gilbert Hamerton's beautiful 
works are here — '^ Etchers and Etching," the ** Graphic 
Arts," ** Landscape," his latest volume, and all the 
other works which have proceeded from the same pen. 
Fine copies (first editions) of Mrs. Jameson's " History 
of our Lord," '^ Sacred and Legendary Art," " Legends 
of the Monastic Order," " Legends of the Madonna," 
Lavater's essays on " Physiognomy," 5 volumes, quarto; 



326 THE LIBRARIES OF OLASOOW. 

Bell's "Anatomy of Expression," 1806, quarto, are 
also on the shelves. 

Poetry is represented by a very complete collection 
of poets, old and new, in modem editions. The indi- 
vidual works need hardly be mentioned, but some of 
the long sets deserve notice. Of Pickering's Aldine 
edition of the British Poets, in 53 volumes, there is a 
beautiful copy bound in full morocco, each author in a 
different shade of colour, the whole having a charmincr 
effect. The same publisher's issue of &e sep^ 
works of Samuel Taylor Coleridge is here in 22 
volumes, uniformly bound ; also the largest sized 
edition of Dr. Grosart's Fuller Worthies' Library, 
39 volumes. Sir Walter Scott's works are in fifty- 
two volumes, octavo. This fine edition is made up of 
the novels and romances, with notes and illustrations, 
in 41 volumes, Edinburgh, 1820-33, and the poetical 
works, 11 volumes, Edinburgh, 1830. The whole are 
in uniform binding. Among the separate works we 
may note very fine copies of Sutler's " Hudibras " and 
Ramsay's " Gentle Shepherd." 

The books relating to Scotland are numerous. They 
include superb copies of Billings' " Baronial Anti- 
quities of Scotland " ; " Scott's " Border Antiquities 
of England and Scotland," and his " Provincial Anti- 
quities and Picturesque Scenery of Scotland," all 
first editions, large paper copies, and uniformly 
bound, making a most handsome set. " The National 
Manucripts of Scotland," 3 volumes, folio; Kay's 
'* Edinburgh Portraits " ; Cardonnel's " Picturesque 
Antiquities of Scotland," 1788-93, and '^ Numismata 
Scotiae," 1786; Chalmers's ''Caledonia," 3 volumes, 
1807-24; all the works of the eminent lawyer and 
antiquary, Cosmo Innes, and many histories and works 
of a miscellaneous kind. 

The local books include the various histories of 
Glasgow by Brown, Gibson, Denholm, Wade, Chap- 
man, together with Cleland's various works, " The 



ME. MATHIESOirS LIBRARY, 1^27 

Old Country Houses of the Glasgow Gentry''; 
Macgeorge's "Old Glasgow" and '* Armorial Insignia "; 
a large paper copy of M' lire's "View" (reprint); 
Stuart's '* Views and Notices of Glasgow " ; M'Lel- 
land's " Cathedral '' ; several accounts of the Town's 
Hospital, and many other works which are to be found 
in most local collections. It is worth remarking that 
Chapman speaks in 1820 of Glasgow as the second 
city in the British Isles. 

A copy of Swan's " Views of Glasgow " has 
a special value to Mr. Mathieson, as having belonged 
to his father, whose name appears in the list of 
subscribers. Some rare and curious Glasgow peri- 
odicals are here— The " Thistle," 1829 ; the " Emmet " ; 
the " Reformers' Gazette," 6 volumes, and others. A 
very handsome copy of the original edition of the 
''Memorabilia of Glasgow," 1835, is here, and also 
"Minutes of Glasgow Town Council, 1588 to 1697." 
This interesting volume of newspaper cuttings contains 
an introduction by Motherwell, from which the follow- 
ing are quotations : — " When we publish all we mean to 
do, we can assure our readers they will possess an 
invaluable store of curious information regarding early 
times and manners. . . . which peradventure, they 
never would have enjoyed had we not sat doggedly 
down to dig it out for them." " Some things which, 
we believe, will turn much to the delectation and 
profit of those who are curious in local history, and 
feel pleasure in tracing ancient manners, and surveying 
the aspect of society as it was known to their fore- 
fathers." 

" The Progress of Glasgow, in Population, Wealth, 
Manufactures, etc., being the substance of a paper read 
before the Statistical section of the British Association 
for the Advancement of Science, in Edinburgh, on 
Tuesday, the 6th August, 1850. By John Strang, 
LL.D., Glasgow," 1850. This is the author's copy. 
It was issued as a preliminary publication to feel the 



328 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

way for the aDnual statistical report which succeeded 
it, and was carried on by Dr. Strang to 1862, and by 
Mr. West Watson to 1880. These reports are of 
immense value as presenting a concise statistical view 
of the city for each year, and it is to be hoped that 
their publication, which has been stopped temporarily, 
may soon be taken up again. But the volume with 
which we are more immediately concerned has an 
interest which belongs to none of its successors. 
It was the first work of its kind, and attracted much 
attention. An elaborate notice, occupying a couple of 
columns, appeared in a Paris paper, '^ £'Illustration 
Journal Universal," and a most cordial letter from the 
writer, M. C. Martino, is mounted in at the end of the 
volume. The " Liondon Daily News ** gave a summary 
of the paper, and devoted a leading article to it of a 
most appreciative kind. Congratulatory and com- 
mendatoiy letters reached the author from all quarters, 
amongst the writers being the present Duke of Argyle, 
the late Duke of Hamilton, tfames Euing, etc. The 
writer of the leader in the ** Daily News " was William 
Weir, once editor of the ** Glasgow Argus." A letter 
from him in reference to the doctor's work finds a place 
among the letters above-noted at the end of the volume. 
It is a most genial epistle, gently scolding the doctor 
and other Glasgow friends for not calling on the writer 
when in the Metropolis, and lamenting his inability to 
get another glimpse of the city of which he had so many 
pleasant recollections. 

Probably few copies of the clever satirical illustrated 
sheet, the " Glasgow Looking-Glass," 1826-27, are 
exact counterparts of Mr. Mathieson's. In it the 
illustrations are coloured throughout, adding much to 
its comical appearance. This publication, as is well 
known, was in the latter stage of its existence called 
the '* Northern Looking-Glass." It is very amui 
the men and manners of the city being portrayed 
much graphic humour. The present copy is from the 




MR. MATHIESON'S LIBRARY. 329 

library of the late Mr. Adam Sim of Coulter-Mains, 
many of whose books are now in the libraries of 
Glasgow gentlemen. 

Among the Glasgow periodicals in the library is one 
of which we do not remember to have seen many copies. 
It is entitled " The Herald to the Trades' Advocate," 
and was one of the many journals called into existence 
by the trades' union movement. The first number was 
issued in September, 1830, and the last in May of 
1832. In one of the numbers for 1832 it is related 
that so eager were the inhabitants of the city to 
know the result of the division in Parliament, that 
Sir D. K. Sandford and another gentleman met the 
stage-coach at Bothwell, and mounted on fleet horses 
galloped into Glasgow with the news about twenty 
minutes before the arrival of the coach. 

Mr. Mathieson has another volume of much local in- 
terest. It contains seventeen pamphlets (dating from 
1762-4) on the Wynd Church case, a disputed settle- 
ment which occasioned much discussion in the city 
about the middle of the last century. It seems that by 
arrangement the choosing of ministers for the churches 
of the city lay with the general session of Glasgow and 
the Town Council jointly, in accordance with a scheme 
— called a model — agreed to in 1721. But the Council 
do not seem to have been satisfied with this plan, which 
in disputes put them in a minority, the session consist- 
ing of about four times as many persons as the Council, 
and on the Wynd Church being rebuilt in 1761 to meet 
the church needs of an increased population, they 
resolved to have the patronage as formerly. This 
action led to a most protracted case. After many 
meetings and unseemly wranglings, the case went to 
the Presbytery, from the Presbytery to the Synod, 
where the action of the Council was sustained, and from 
thence to the Assembly. The ultimate result was 
that the Council retained the patronage in their own 
hands. 



330 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Many pamphlets appeared during the three years 
the contest lasted, some of them serious, some 
satirical, and some amusing. The first one in this 
volume is entitled ^^A Seasonable Address to the 
Citizens of Glasgow upon the present important ques- 
tion, whether the Churches of the City shall continue 
free, or be enslaved to Patronage." After adducing 
many arguments against the action of the Council the 
writer makes an appeal to the ladies, '' the most beauti- 
ful part of this beautiful city." In high-flown language 
he thus salutes them, ** For you, we toil throu^ the 
maze of life, in all the circling variety of mercantile and 
industrious arts; for you, we hazard our lives and 
fortunes on the watery element, wander through foreififn 
climes, and are proud to return laden with spoils lor 
you. We now court your gentle but powerful alliance. 
Nature has arrayed you with a profusion of charms and 
a thousand nameless graces, which give an irresistible 
sanction and influence to whatever you speak or do. 
Did you then declare to your husbands and lovers that 
you disdained the man who, when he wanted to 
worship his Maker, sneaked away to hear a preacher 
whom he despised, and to receive instructions from one 
who was forcibly imposed over him by the arbitrary 
will of another ; but that you esteemed the man who 
insisted to hear a minister whom he himself elects as 
well as maintains. Hints of this nature dropped from 
your persuasive lips would do substantial service, con- 
joined with your fair example ; and we would, with 
gratitude, accept the important tribute at your hands. 
Ignorance, awkwardness, pedantry, false politeness, 
peculiarly odious to your sex, will steal into your 
pulpits if patronage is established : whereas, if a popular 
plan of election prevails you will get the minister you 
wish ; you will secure what I know you delist in, 
social gravity, shining piety, flaming oratory." By far 
the wittiest production in the volume is " An Exhorta- 
tion to the General Session of Glasgow. By a Model- 



MR, MATHIESOUPS LIBRARY. 331 

ler," 1763. The writer ironically espouses the cause of 
the Session. Detailing the enormities of the Town 
Council he says, ''The first innovation I shall mention 
is the Episcopal Chapel, which was erected some years 
ago, and is still tolerated, to the unspeakable ofience of 
many of the friends of the model. ... I have 
even heard it whispered that the people of that 
persuasion have an intention to erect a popish in- 
strument of music, upon which tunes are to be audibly 
played on the Lord's day within this chapel." Here 
is a delicious piece of fooling — **The next innova- 
tion .... is the new method in which the 
Psalms are now sung. I know this has given great 
and grievous offence to many well-meaning men and 
women besides myself. A devout Christian hath now 
no longer an opportunity of distinguishing himself by 
drawing out a note for a considerable time after the 
rest of the congregation have finished ; but must ac- 
commodate his fervour to new-fangled tunes : whereas, 
I am perfectly of opinion that it is the duty of every 
person who has the fear of God before his eyes to pro- 
long the last note of each line as long as his breath 
and his lungs will permit. And I do aver, that to 
bring harmony into the Kirk is diametrically opposite 
to the spirit and essence of presbytery." 

Another amusing pamphlet is in the form of a pro- 
spectus of a new dictionary adapted to the times. Two- 
pages of specimens are given from which we cull the 
following : — 

'' Peaceable Men. — People who have no opinion of 
their own, but willingly submit to anybody who ia 
disposed to lead them. Men fit to be councillors. 

" Men of Sense. — People of the same opinion with 
the Council. 

Firebrands. 

F th * f y people of a different opinion." 
The Mob. 



332 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

This volume of pamphlets is valuable as recording a 
notable piece of city history. 

Sets of the works of the Rev. Dr. Ralph Wardlaw, 
and Dr. Macnish, the author of the Anatomy of Drunk- 
^nness. are ia the library. Among the former is a copy 
of the " Responsibility of the Heathen," being a tgdIj 
to some startling stieitements by Brou^iam in his 
rectorial address at Glasgow in 1825. There is also 
a fine large paper copy of Henderson's Scottish Pro- 
verbs, 1832. 

Good general books of history as Burton, Green, 
Grote, etc., also travel, theology, and philoBophy, 
and works in other classes adorn the shelves; many 
of Jeremy Bentham's works are present ; some curious 
medical works; Isaac Taylor's works, 17 volumes; 
Mackay's Popular Delusions, 3 volumes, 1841, and 
other works. Handsome editions of the works of 
Dickens, Thackeray, Lytton, and other modem novel- 
ists are here, as also is the first edition of Lane's 
translation of the Arabian Nights' Entertainment. 

Nearly all the books are most elegantly bound, some 
by eminent London and others by local bookbinders. 
They have a fine appearance, and the whole library 
ovidences that tender care which we should look for 
in a collector whose bookplate bears the motto firom 
Milton, " A good book is the precious life-blood of m 
master spirit." 



MB. MURDOCH'S LIBRARY. 33S 



CHAPTER XXI. 

LIBRARY 07 JAMES BARCLAY MURDOCH, ESQ., HAMILTON 

PLACE, LANGSIDE. 

Mr. Murdoch — Similarity and Dissimilarity of Scottish 
Libraries — Poetry and the Drama — The Muse's Wel- 
come — Scottish Songs and Ballads — Works of Laing 
and Maidment — Important Copy of the Poems of 
Bums — Scottish History, Topography, and Biography 
— Copy of Boyd's "Last Battell of the Soule" with rare 
1628 title-page^ once the property of Oahriel Neil, 
Boyd's biographer — Glasgow Books and Periodicals — 
Chap-Books, two highly intei^esting volumes — Works 
Illustrated by Cruikshank — George IV. Pamphlets, 
extraordinary collection — Hones Publications — Be- 
wick — Zoology, Geology, and General Science — Le- 
gends and Fairy Tales — Bibliography — Conclusion. 

This library takes honourable rank among the libraries 
of the district, and is as well known as many larger col- 
lections. Mr. Murdoch has been connected in a more 
or less responsible way with all the important West of 
Scotland societies of his time, and is probably one of 
the most familiar figures in local literary and scientific 
circles. He worthily represents a family long and 
honourably connected with Glasgow. His forbears 
time and again filled the highest offices in the magis- 
tracy of the city. One of the more active members of 
the Council of the Hunterian Club, he has edited 
the important transcript of the Bannatyne Manu- 
script, issued in 4 volumes by the Society, and 
has also jointly edited various other publications 
of the Club. Mr. Murdoch has been for a number of 



334 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

years hon. secretary, and editor of the Transactions, of 
the Geological Society of Glasgow, and discharged 
similar honorary, though not sinecure, duties for many 
years in connection with the Proceedings of the Glas- 
gow Natural History Society. His library is a reflex 
of his needs, and is therefore an eminently practical 
collection. It numbers between four and five thousand 
volumes, and its most pronounced features are Scottish 
and scientific. 

All Scottish collections necessarily have much in 
common, and the description of one good one would 
sometimes seem to admirably suit many more. This 
is, however, a mere superficial view, and like most 
surface observations is considerably away from the 
truth. As no two persons are alike, however nearly 
related, so no two collections of books are alike, 
although on precisely the same subject. One collector 
is more fortunate than another, has more leisure, more 
money, or more experience. The result is that each 
collection only duplicates another in the things easiest 
to procure, and is really the complement of any 
other in the rare things which have only been secured 
after much waiting and watching. Keeping this in 
mind we have striven to picture each library with its 
own special treasures grouped in the front^ never for- 
getting at the same time to indicate the composition of 
the background. 

Taking Mr. Murdoch's collection senatim in the 
order of our classification, the first considerable class 
is Poetry and the Drama. The more important works 
in this department are a fine black-letter folio Chaucer, 
London, 1598 ; A Poetical Rapsodie, by Francis Davi- 
son, 1611, a scarce book ; of the first edition (1602), only 
one copy is known — this is the third edition. The first 
collected edition of the works of John Taylor, the Water 
Poet, folio, London, 1630 ; Certaine Small Workes of 
Samuel Daniell, London, 1611; Richard Brath wait's 
Arcadian Princesse, 1635 ; the Poems of Michael 



MR. MURDOCH'S LIBRARY. 335 

Drayton, 1637 ; Aleyn's Historie. of that Wise and 
Fortunate Prince, Henrie of that Name the Seventh 
King of England, 1638; Richard Crawshaw's Steps 
to the Temple, London, 1648 — this is the second 
edition, " wherein are added divers pieces not before 
extant"; the first was issued in 1646 : and more valuable 
than all these, " The Second Tome of the Palace of 
Pleasure, conteyning manifolde store of goodly His- 
tories, Tragicall matters, and other Moral 1 argument, 
very requisite for delight and profit. Chosen and 
selected out of diners good and commendable 
Authors. By William Painter, Clarke of the Ordi- 
nance and Armarie, Anno 1567." It is in black 
letter. The first volume of this work was issued 
in 1566, and the two volumes continued to be reprinted 
separately. Hazlitt (*' Handbook to Pop. Lit.") says 
that the second volume is considered even scarcer than 
the first. '^ A more desirable acquisition,*' he also says, 
*' to a collector of early English literature than the two 
volumes in perfect and sound state could scarcely be 
named." The whole work was reprinted by Joseph 
Haslewood, in three volumes, 1813. The last of John 
Payne Collier's editions of Shakespeare's works (" pur- 
est text ") is in the library, (55 copies printed) and also 
all the reprints edited by Collier, red, blue, green, yellow, 
magenta and brown, together with his other works. The 
copy of the facsimile of the first edition of Hamlet (1603), 
lithographed by the direction and at the expense of 
the Duke of Devonshire, and of which only forty 
copies were issued, is a presentation one to Peter 
Cunningham, the author of the '* Life of Nell Gwyn." 
Another gift from Mr. Collier to the same author is 
the very rare volume containing the suppressed parts of 
the Percy Society's publications. All the volumes of 
the latter, as well as those of the Shakespeare Society, 
the Hunterian Club, and the Early EngUsh Text 
Society, are on the shelves. There are also consider- 
able contributions from the publications of the Rox- 



336 THE LIBRARIES OF OLASQOW. 

burghe Library, the Spenser Society, and others. A 
number of Mr. J. 0. Halliwell's original works and 
reprints are also in the collection. 

Among the more notable single works of later date 
than those with which we began our notice may be 
mentioned the following rare books. Thomson's " Sea- 
sons," the first collected edition, 1728 ; the several 
parts of this were issued separately before this date, 
imder the titles of the *' Four Seasons" — ^this is a fine 
copy ; " Streams from Helicon," hj Alexander Pen- 
nicuik, London, 1720, the second edition; "The Hours 
of Idleness," by Lord Byron, Newark, 1807 — this is 
the rare volume of which we make mention in various 
places in this book; it was the first published work 
of the noble author's, and met with a most generous 
reception from the public and the press with one re- 
markable exception — the "Edinburgh Review." To 
the strictures of the great quarterly Lord Byron re- 
plied in " English Bards and Scotch Reviewers.** 
" Queen Mab," by Shelley, 1821, the first published 
edition ; " Amyntas," translated from the Italian of 
Tasso, by Leigh Hunt, 1820 — the first edition; 
"Poems," 1830-1833, Montreal, 1862; this is the 
extremelv rare little volume of alterations made on the 
poems of Lord Tennyson in editions subsequent to that 
of 1830. This Canadian resuscitation of dropped verses 
was imitated to his cost by John Camden Hotten of 
London, who was fined heavily, and interdicted from 
selling the volume. A very pretty little volume, 
unique in its way, contains fine impressions of all the 
plates which accompany the 14 volumes of Cumber- 
land's " British Drama." First editions of some of 
Swinburne's .Poems, and those of other nineteenth 
century writei\ are also in the poetical division. 

We would ii^xt draw attention to some repre- 
sentative volumei^ of a large gathering of poetical 
collections. The ^rliest of these is a curious work 
by a Mr. Leveridg^^ engraved throughout, styled a 



MR, MURDOCH'S LIBRARY. 337 

Collection of Songs, 2 volumes, London, 1727. The 
following also may be named : — Chappell's " Ancient 
English Ballads " ; " Hartshorne's *' Ancient Metrical 
Tales," 1829; Utterson's "Select Pieces of Early 
Popular Poetry " ; '* The Bishopric Garland," 1834— 
150 copies of this were printed for private circulation 
at the expense of Sir Cuthbert Sharp. In this place 
we may also mention a fine large paper copy of the 
Percv Folio Manuscript, and a beautiful copy of 
Chappell's " Music of the Olden Time/' Mr. Mur- 
doch's library contains perhaps a larger number of the 
works of Joseph Kitson than any other library in the 
district. They form an almost complete set, amounting 
in the aggregate to about fifty volumes. 

Scottish poetry we may introduce with a very rare 
volume, '* TheMuse's Welcome to the High and Mightie 
Prince lames by the Grace of God King of Great 

Britaine at his M. happie Returne to his old 

and native Kingdome of Scotland after XIIII. yeers 
absence in anno 1617, by John Adamson," Edinburgh, 
Thomas Finlayson, 1G18, folio. This should not be 
confounded with the ** Muses Threnodie," by Henry 
Adamson, Edinburgh, 1638, also a book of extreme 
rarity. The present is a very fine copy. 

Watson's choice collection of Comic and Serious Scots 
Poems is an extremely rare book. We noticed it at 
some length on page 274, and only repeat here that 
it was issued in three parts in 1706, 1709, and 1711. 
The edition of the first part was a small one, and a 
second edition was brought out in 1713. It is the 
earliest of the many printed collections of Scottish 
])oems. Watson was also the author of a " History of 
the Art of Printing," Edinburgh, 1713, which con- 
tains a short account of printing in Scotland. There 
are a considerable number of editions of the various 
collections made bj^ Allan Ramsay, besides those of 
his own poems, of which there is present the first 
edition, Edinburgh, 1720; the ** Evergreen," first 

22 



338 THE LIBRARIES OF 0LA800W. 

edition, 1724; ''The Tea-Table Miscellany,'* first 
London edition, 1727. 

The next collection was Thomson's " Orpheus 
Caledonius, or a collection of the best Scotch Songs, 
set to Musick," London, 1 733, 2 volumes. This is the 
second edition ; the first appeared in 1725, folio. The 
first, second, and third editions of Herd's Collection of 
Ancient and Modern Scottish Songs, Heroic Ballads, 
etc., issued respectively in 1769, 1776, and 1791 ; the 
first and third are scarcer than the second ; the 
third is not so well known as the other two, as it has 
not the usual preface, and is best known by the names of 
the publishers, Lawrie and Svmington. Among other 
collections of poems and son*^ in the library are the 
scarce work called " The Charmer," 1752 ; the present 
is the earliest edition known, although it bears to 
be the second ; Caw's " Poetical Museum," Hawick, 
1784, respecting which John Trotter Brockett has 
appended on this copy the following note : — " This is 
David Constable's copy. Many of the Border Ballads 
afterwards published in the Minstrelsy of the Scottish 
Border, edited by Sir Walter Scott, first appeared in this 
curious collection " ; Jamieson's " Popular Ballads 
and Songs," 1806; Kinloch's collection of ''Ancient 
Scottish ballads," 1827 ; the various volumes of Pinker- 
ton ; Peter Buchan's scarce collections of Songs 
and Ballads ; Child's " English and Scottish Ballads," 
as also the same author's new and exhaustive work on 
ballads so far as issued, besides the various volumes 
associated with the names of Chambers, Finlay, Lyle, 
Motherwell, Hogg, Cromek, Whitelaw, Sir Waiter 
Scott, Mackay, Aytoun, and many others. It may be 
mentioned in passing that several of these volumes 
were at one time in the possession of William Mother- 
well, and bear his characteristic and well - known 
signature. 

The " Knightly Tale of Golagrus and Gawane, and 
other Ancient Poems," has great significance to the 



MR. MURDOCH'S LIBRARY. 339 

Scottish bibliographer. It was the first production of 
the printing-press in Scotland. Walter Chepman and 
Andro MyUar, who printed it, received a patent from 
James IV., and appear to have set up their, press 
in the year 1508. No traces of their work, however, 
survive other than the above, and another work, the 
famous Aberdeen Breviary. Dr. Laing reprinted 
the volume from the only copy known — that in the 
Advocates' Library, Edinburgh. A fire in the pub- 
lisher's premises destroyed so many copies of the 
reprint as to render those remaining of some rarity 
and value. The copy here, like all others, shows traces, 
although faint, of the conflagration. Many of the works 
reprinted and edited by Dr. David Laing are in the col- 
lection. Some of these we may name — Select Remains 
of the Ancient Popular Poetry of Scotland, 1822 (108 
copies printed) ; Various Pieces of Fugitive Scottish 
Poetry, 1823-5 (72 copies printed); the second collection 
of the same, 1853 (70 copies printed); Early Metrical 
Tales, 1826 (175 copies printed). There are also a 
number of James Maidment's works, including the 
original edition of the *' Scottish Pasquils,"l827-8, and 
the more bulky reprint of 1868; the '* North Countrie 
Garland," 1824 (30 copies printed) ; the ''New Book 
of Old Ballads," 1844 ; " Scotish Ballads and Songs," 
and ** Scotish Ballads and Songs, Historical and Tra- 
ditionary." 

An important copy of the second edition of the 
poems of Burns is in the library. In the bard*s own 
handwriting at the places where blanks were originally 
left in the poems are filled in the names of persons 
and places really pointed at, whose exact identity it 
was not thought judicious to reveal. Most of these 
allusions have long been known, but if there were any 
doubts here we have them dispelled on the indubitable 
authority of Burns himself. This copy of his poems — 
bound in the original rough calf and with a number of 
blank leaves at the beginning and end as if for MS, 



UM) THE LTliRAniES OF GLASGOW. 

inlditifuis — hoars on a fly-leaf the name of Robert 
AitiNlit . Oiif- of Bums* iriends bore thL^ name, and it 
I' tiol liKi niucli tt) assume that this copy 'vras pre- 
|iiin'(l h)>((MiLlly lor him. as some such porpogse must 
lifivr infliioii(*f'd tilt poot in fiUing in the blanks. 
Ml Mur(l(u*h h:iK also the third edition. London, 
iT ^7 . tilt l:isi I'dition revised by Bums, Edin.. 1794 ; 
til' SlHl;r^ ami iJiillads of Bums, pubhahed by Clarke, 
L'tiidnn. 1,"-:*:^ u snuvc book ; and many other editions. 
I'll* |M»f'nih anrriU'd to liums. Glas.. IBOl ; the first 

• ilitioii nl till' Lt»ttt'r> ti» Clarinda, Glasgow. 1S02 
tnii|»]i!A'ssi*il h\ dosivf of Olariiida. Mrs. Maclehose) ; 
Aiir.lit h I'ilirriin.Mirt' ii> the Land of Bums. 1S22: 

lMitii.imiini:i. h\ }U\ . ] >r. Peebles, who bitterlv 

• 

III tml. I'll I lit- poi't : and a hirirt' number of volumes ot 
liunrumji AuhOii: vhi works of indi^ndual writers 
t!i« I. u!t M imuiln; of ruw tirst and earlv editions, of 
\*lmli \\^ iMiiv tjunii' tlin^i- -l>rummond of Hawthorn- 
o. ll^ .I'viriijv L'Miii.in, ir»:>r»: t he Poems and Lyrics of 
I; -li.!-! Nn'..l. !^:::^ ]iiiMisl»ed at Edinbunrh. but 
!'" !»t''l i't Jhiii.Uv . :\ud ill-. PiK'Uis l»v tlK* Kev. Mr. 
'•••i»«« !7^I. ..lu ^■f tlu' niini>ti'r> of Leith. contain- 
" ' ^''' •••I'^ t.« ;i.v iiK'kor. ;i:\»unil wliii-h the din of 

• Miti luLiiL' p:. ::.■..;;:.> has ra:rfd so loiidlv, some de- 
«!iiiii:.» l"t Mi. li.ij. Bi;u\. and others maintaining 
l--;':i!i- lijl \ :■■ ::.r hinuT::-.-! ]»oini. 

A \.''i;:'.:. \\:..«-. M :.ri\.ili. uTs Wf Would indicate is 

:i ■■■:l»-tirM: ;: ..u;iM.« i«t' 1 ■'•.» loiio>. inttrk-aw-d. It 

'••■'' tI" '"H'Nn:!- ii:lr. »ihtl i- wh-'liy in tlu* hand- 
wiMr-.' .-1 l\\.v liii.i.aii. .-i' ]\tiriu;ul: — - Ancient 
SiMin-li 'I;-.!.-. ri:i»:iti.i.;.l. ll- Hiaiitii'. and Loi:vndan\ 
liitfM III. n'ij.\il»;!-l!. il. tr. Ill th^' r«.vi:ati.'n of tlu- ancient 
>yl»il- ill ill. N.-iili I'.uiiirio. by Pttt-r Buchan.'* 
. \rr.. iiij.;, ii\ ii..; t" «• vnluiiu- is i\ wvv ci.ndid letter from 
lo'l ■ ii l*ii«-.iiMi. Miiiur t.t'the Sottiish </riniinal Trials, 
In wljiiiii |ii:4l.aii liad ,<i nt the volume for perusal. 
I'itiaim >a\s that in the haiuls of a >kilful editor the 
voliiiiji- nii^^ht he made lit for publication. 



MR, MURDOCH'S LIBRARY. 341 

In Scottish History and Biography there are some 
fine works. All the volumes of the Maitland Club 
publications relating to the West of Scotland are in 
the collection. Some of these, as the Paisley Chartulary, 
Pitcairn's Criminal Trials, Wodrow's Biographia, Mis- 
cellany of the Maitland Club, etc., have become rare 
and valuable. Mr. Murdoch is the possessor of the 
greater number of the letters which were printed in 
the club's volume, known as the Cochrane Corre- 
spondence, regarding the affairs of Glasgow, 1745-6. 
Many of them are of the very highest interest. His 
club books also include the unfinished and unpublished 
PoUok Papers, which is extremely scarce. Of the 
publications of the other Scottish clubs there are nearly 
all the Spalding and a considerable number of the 
Bannatyne and Abbotsford volumes, all the New 
Club series, and those of the Hunterian Club and the 
Scottish Text Society. 

Mr. Murdoch is a Fellow of the Society ot Anti- 
quaries of Scotland, and has a set of their Proceedings, 
as also of the publications of the Ayrshire and Wig- 
tonshire Archaeological Society. A few volumes re- 
late to the unhappy Queen Mary, one of them being 
the rare Martyre de la Boyne D'Ecosse, Edimbourg, 
Chez lean Nafield, 1587, with some leaves supplied in 
manuscript, of which the writing is very old if not 
contemporary. More strictly topographical works 
are Chalmers' Caledonia ; a very fine large paper 
copy of Adam de Cardonnel's Picturesque Anti- 
quities of Scotland, 1788 ; Grose's Antiquities 
of Scotland; Pennant's Tour in Scotland; Stuart's 
Caledonia Romana ; Swan's Lakes of Scotland ; 
a large paper copy, with proof plates on India paper, pf 
Mackie's Abbey of Paisley; the three editions of 
Crawford's Renfrewshire, 1710, 1782, and 1818— the 
second was edited and continued by Semple, and the 
third by Robertson — they are all very scarce, especially 
the first ; Ramsay's Views in Renfrewshire, large 



342 THE LIBRARIES OF QLASQOW. 

paper, 1839; Taylor's Levem Delineated; Kobertson's 
Description of Cuninghame ; Reid's County of Bute, 
large paper ; the first and second editions of Nimmo's 
Stirlingshire, 1777 and 1817 ; Lauder's Moray Floods, 
first edition ; Ure's Rutherglen and East Kilbride, 
1793; Paterson's Counties of Ayr and Wigton; 
Nicholson's History of Galloway, Kirkcudbright, 1841, 
2 volumes ; the Old and the New Statistical Accounts 
of Scotland, and other works. ** Lacunar Strevelinense, 
a Collection of Heads etched and engraved after the 
carved work which formerly decorated the Roof of the 
ting's Room in Stirling Castle," 1817, a fine book, 
may be mentioned here, although it hardly belongs to 
topography. A number of the leading modem bio- 
graphical works and family histories are on the shelvea 
Amongst them the Stirlings of Keir, by Dr. William 
Fraser, with Riddell's Comments on the Keir Perform- 
ance ; the Maxwells of Pollok, by Dr. Fraser ; Robert- 
son's Ayrshire Families, with the rare supplement, 
and many others. A very fine copy ot Smith's Icono- 
grapbia Scotica may also be noted. 

Probably the most notable volumes among Mr. 
Murdoch's Glasgow books are his two copies of 
Zachary Boyd's ** Last Battell of the Soule in Death." 
The first is in one volume, and contains the very rare 
title-page bearing the date of 1628 ; and the second, 
like most other copies, is in two volumes, dated 1629. 
The earlier of the two, which is slightly imperfect and 
rather a poor copy, has the following inscription: — 
'* Gabriel Neil. This valuable volume the gift to me 
of Dr. J. G. Fleming, of Glasgow, from the library of the 
late J. Balmanno, M.D. 15th January, 1857. By 
the date it will be seen that the volume came into Mr. 
Neil's possession, and probably for the first time under 
his notice, about two years after his last Boyd publica- 
tion, the'*Four Poems from Zion's Flowers," 1855, which 
explains why he speaks in both his reprints of 1629 as 
the date of the first appearance of the Last Battle. 



MR. MURDOCH'S LIBRARY. 843 

A manuscript note inserted in the volume in the hand- 
writing of Stephen Williamson^ a famous Glasgow 
collector, the sale of whose books in 1865 created 
some stir, says that the volume contains '^the rare 

1628 title-page, of which only two copies are known.'' 
It is, however, hardly so scarce, as four copies of it are 
mentioned in this book, but it is, nevertheless, of very 
great rarity. The whole of the prefatory matter which 
appeared in the 1629 issue is also in this 1628 volume, 
but little importance need be attached to this circum- 
stance, as several pages have been misplaced and the 
volume has been carelessly rebound. The copy of the 

1629 issue is in splendid condition. For further infor- 
mation respecting this work and its author we would 
refer the reader to pages 250-3, where the double issue 
of the book is spoken of at some length. 

The Glasgow collection contains some specimens of 
the works of several of the early printers. A wonder- 
fully fine black-letter copy of " [Blind Harry's Wallace,*' 
Sanders, 1665, deserves mention not only on account of 
its rarity but because of it43 remarkably fine condition. 
Mr. Murdoch has also many volumes from the press 
of the brothers Foulis, including the fine folio edition 
of the works of Milton, Thomson, Gray, and Pamell, 
etc, a perfect set of Brash and Keid's Original and 
Selected Poetry, three volumes of similar tracts issued 
by Chapman in 1 799, and a set of the Glasgow Univer- 
sity Album. A manuscript volume of sermons 
preached in Glasgow by different ministers about the 
end of the seventeenth and the b^inning of the 
eighteenth centuries is worthy of notice. 

The Glasgow periodicals in the collection are nume- 
rous, but are all, or nearly all, included in the list of 
similar volumes noted in Mr. Macdonald's and the Mit- 
chell Library collections. They include Northern Notes 
and Queries; The Dramatic Beview, a complete set; The 
Thistle, a complete set ; Dr. John Knox Stewart's Chemi- 
cal Experimentalist; Glasgow Satirist, and many others. 



344 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

The library is rich in histories of the citv. Begin- 
ning with the original edition of M*Ure's View, 
there are the histories and other works of Gibson, 
Brown, Denholm (first, second, and third editions), 
Wade, a large paper copy of Glasgow Delineated, 
Pagan, Mackenzie, Reid (**Senex"), Macgeorge, 
Stuart, and others. 

Among miscellaneous Scottish books we note the 
first editions of Mactaggart's Gallo vidian Encyclopaedia, 
Kelly's Proverbs, Henderson's Proverbs, Bamsay's 
Proverbs, and other works of a similar kind. The 
collection of chap-books is large — on a rough estimate 
numbering about 500 separate chaps. The imprints 
are those of nearly all the places where these fugitive 
publications were issued — Glasgow, Edinburgh, Paisley, 
Stirling, Falkirk, Haddington, Carlisle, Newcastle, 
Morpeth, Dublin, etc. It is impossible in a brief 
sketch to say anything of individual chaps — that alone 
would require a volume, but we may devote a few 
lines to one rather notable book in Mr. Murdoch's 
possession. It contains chaps, one of them in manu- 
script, nearly all of them from the facetious pen of 
Dougal Graham, and all of exceeding rarity. 
Various readings of each of the pieces are written 
on the margins in the handwriting of the learned 
Scottish antiquary, Charles Kirkpatrick Sharpe, who 
evidently had intended the gathenng for the purposes 
of a collected edition of this author's writings, a 
work since carried out by Mr. George MacGregor. 
After passing from Sharpe's ownership the volume came 
into the possession of the distinguished Scottish book- 
collector, the late Adam Sim, of Coulter. 

Of very great interest to historical students of the 
North of England is an almost complete collection of 
the antiquarian works relating to the history and 
antiquities of the northern counties of England, 
written by M. A. Denham, and privately printed at 
Newcastle, 1846-59. Very few copies of some of these 



MR. MURDOCH'S LIBRARY. 345 

able coDtributions to archaeology were struck otf, and so 
large a collection of them is unusual. 

There are here in all about 105 works in about 130 
volumes and pamphlets, principally original editions, 
illustrated by the versatile and indefatigable pencil of 
George Gruikshank. Some of these are extremely 
scarce, some are in large paper, and all are in spotless 
condition. A set of three volumes centre in themselves 
the double interest of containing the early efforts 
of the great caricaturist and of relating to the most 
celebrated of the causes celebres of this century. They 
contain sixty-two pamphlets all on the unhappy dispute 
between the Prince Regent and his consort. It is an 
extraordinary collection, and a remarkable indication of 
the very great interest felt in the case. Every one of 
the sixty-two were published in the same year, 1820, 
an average of more than one per week. They were 
nearly all on the side of Queen Garoline, and the de- 
pictions of 'Hhe first gentleman of Europe " are more 
amusing and graphic than elegant or complimentary. 
Many of the pamphlets were published by William 
Hone. 

Among the many Gruikshankian volumes are a set 
of Roscoe's Novelists' Library, Points of Humour, 
Tales of Humour, Life in London, Memoirs of 
Grimaldi, The Humorist, Ingoldsby Legends, Hans 
of Iceland, The New Bath Guide, Sunday in London, 
and Reid's beautiful Gatalogue of the Works of Gruik- 
shank. 

Mr. Murdoch has also many other things published 
by Hone, including his Every-Day Book, Table-Book, 
and Year-Book in original editions. 

Bewick is well represented, and the desiderata of all 
Bewick collectors, i.e., fine large paper copies of the 
Birds, Quadrupeds, are present. A large paper copy 
of the Bewick Gatalogue by Hugo is also among the 
volumes. 

The Fine Art division includes handsome copies of 



346 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Ruskin's Modern Painters, Stones of Venice, in ori- 
ginal editions, besides others of Kuskin's works; Hamer- 
ton's Etchers and Etching, first edition ; Boaden's 
volume on the portraits of Shakspeare, a large paper 
copy, all the plates on India paper and some extra ones 
inserted ; Charles Kirkpatrick Sharpens Etchings; 
Geikie's Etchings Illustrative ofScottish Character and 
Scenery ; sets of Punch, and Hood's Comic Annual. 

The department of Science is a large and fine one. 
Taking Natural History first, it is here represented by 
full sets of the Zoologist, the Ray Society's publica- 
tions, Jardine's Naturalist's Library, Bree's ^irds of 
Europe, Morris's British Birds, and Eggs and Nests of 
British Birds, Hewitson's Eggs of British Birds, 
Yarrell's British Birds and British Fishes, Couch's 
British Fishes, Stainton's Natural History of the 
Tineina, 11 volumes, Gray's Birds of the West of 
Scotland, and many others. 

There are a considerable number of works on sport, 
principally onshootingandfishing,including several early 
books; Venable's Experienced Angler, London, 1668; 
Chetham's Angler's Vade Mecum, London, 1700; 
Saunders' Compleat Fisherman, London, 1724; Max- 
well's Wild Sports of the West, 2 volumes, London, 
1832 — the original edition ; Scrope on Deer-Stalk- 
ing, the rare original edition ; St. John's Tour in 
Sutherland, 2 volumes, 1849; the same author's Natural 
History and Sport in Moray, first edition, and also 
the beautiful reprint, Edinburgh, 1881; Colquhoun's 
Moor and the Loch ; Colonel Campbell's Old Forest 
Ranger, etc., in all upwards of 100 volumes. 

Geology, and by that we also include such allied 
branches of scientific study as Palaeontology and 
Fossil Botany, is an extensive section. The prin- 
cipal works are a set of the Falaeontographical 
Society's publications; Sowerby's Mineral Conchology, 
6 volumes; the same writer's Genera of Kecent and 
Fossil Shells; Morris's British Shells; and the Geo- 



MR. MURDOCH'S LIBRARY. 34r 

logical Works of Jukes, Ramsay, Buckland, Mantell, 
Lyell, Murchison, M'Coy, Geikie, Sedgewick, Green, 
De la Beche, Scrope, Forbes, and others. There are 
many botanical works, amongst them a splendid copy, 
on large paper, with proof plates on India paper, of 
Strutt's Sylva Britannica. Many works in general 
science are in the library, amongst them most of 
Darwin's works, White's Selborne, in various editions ; 
Waterton's works, including an original edition of his 
Wanderings. The section also contains sets of the 
Reports of the British Association for the Advancement 
of Science, the Transactions of the Philosophical Society 
of Glasgow, the Geological Society of Glasgow, and 
other scientific bodies. 

Mr. Murdoch has formed an extremely interesting 
and extensive collection of works on Legends and 
Fairy Tales. 

In Fiction there are many first editions of notable 
novels, including nearly all the separate works of 
Dickens and Thackeray. 

The usual well-known works of Dibdin, Lowndes, 
Collier, Halliwell, Beloe, and Hazlitt are amongst the 
Bibliographical works. The Dulwich College Cata- 
logue, a large paper copy of the first edition of the 
Bookhunter (only 20 copies), and a copy of the 
Philobiblion, 2 volumes, printed and published at New 
York by G. P. Philes, 1862-3 (entirely on India paper), 
and a large number of priced sale catalogues, are also 
among the number. 

We now come to the last scene of all, and are sur- 
prised to find that some of our remaining notes refer to 
books which a more scientific classification than ours 
would have found room for before this. However^ 
here we have got, and as one place is about as good as 
another, they may as well be spoken of now. Funebria 
Florae, the Downfall of May Games, by Thomas Hall, 
London, 1660, is a rare old book which ran through 
three editions in the course of two years. The 



348 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Dancing Master, or Directions for Dancing Countiy 
Dances, 3 volumes, London, 1716, oblong I2m09 is alto- 
gether an odd book. It is much less polite iJian our 
modern ball-room guides, and uses the words " woman " 
and "man" where our more cultured age would say 
"lady" and "gentleman." Dialogues of Creatures 
Moralised, 1816; this is a scarce reprint, under the 
editorship of Joseph Hazlewood, of an old book. Sir 
William Stirling Maxwell's beautiful catalogue of 
the books of Proverbs, Emblems, Epitaphs, etc., in the 
library at Keir is in the collection ; only seventy-five 
copies of it were printed. Mr. Murdoch has also the 
collected works of many writers on diverse subjects, and 
complete sets of the original editions of the whole of the 
works of several authors who, like Hugh Miller, wrote 
on many topics, and also such fine series of reprints of 
early writers as are so well represented by Mr. Russell 
Smith's Library of Old Authors. Take it all in all, 
this is a many-sided collection of high practical and 
monetary value. 



MB. RUSSELL'S LIBRARY. S*» 



CHAPTER XXII. 

LIBRARY OF THOMAS RUSSELL, ESQ., CLEVBDEN, KELVINSIDE^ 
AND ASCOG, BUTE ; ONE OF THE MEMBERS OF PARLIA- 
MENT FOR THE CITY OF GLASGOW. 

General Remarks — Printed Catalogue of the Collection — 
^'Ship of Fools'' — Chancers Works — ''Rede me" etc.^ 
no other copy — Spenser s ''Fairy Queen" — Douglas's 
Translation of Virgil — Chapman's Translation of 
the Iliad and Odyssey — Shakespeare's Poems, first 
edition, 1640 — First Edition of "Paradise Lost" — 
Autograph of Milton — Hannay's "Nightingale" — 
" Vision of Piers Plowman " — First Edition of 
Lithgow's Travels — SouthivelVs " St. Peter's Com- 
plaint" — Gascoigne, Churchyard, and other early 
writers — Coleridge — Life and Acts of Bruce — Burns 
— Wallace — Songs — Collier's Reprints — Nugae 
Derelictae — First Edition of Hollinshed' s Chronicle 
— Boyd's "Last Battell of the Soule in Death," 
mth rare 1G28 title-page — Boyd's " Four Letters of 
Comfort " — Glasgow Books — Ruskin — Conclusion. 

This is a library having much in commoh with that of 
Mr. Alexander Young, described further on. The two 
collections, while differing in many respects as to indi- 
vidual books, are alike in subject and about co-equal in 
extent. First and early editions of the popular litera- 
ture of England and Scotland have been the principal 
quest of Mr. Russell, and he has been rewarded with a 
very considerable measure of success. 

His collection contains some very rare volumes and 
some very fine ones. The greater number are hand- 
somely bound, some are printed on vellum, and some on 



350 THE LIBRARIES OF OLASGOW. 

satin. Nearly the whole library is at Cleveden, only 
a few general books remaining at Ascog. The most 
valuable works and a selection of those most handsome 
in appearance are located in an elegant room on the 
ground floor, in closed bookcases of fine workmanship. 

In 1870 Mr. Russell printed a catalogue of his books, 
and subsequent additions becoming numerous, he had 
a new catalogue prepared in 1883. This latter lies 
before us. It is a small quarto of 129 pages, printed 
in the " Buteman " office, Kothesay. 

Some manuscripts are in the library. They are 
chiefly Books of Hours done about the beginning of the 
sixteenth century, and are all very beautifully executed 
and bound. 

So large is the collection of sixteenth and seven- 
teenth century works that we have been obliged to 
single out for mention only those books which are of 
more than common interest ; and of so little moment 
is it to divide the early popular literature into classes, 
while the advantage of keeping it together is clear, 
that we have also chosen to deal with early editions, 
irrespective of subject or manner of treatment. 

The earliest printed volume in the library is the first 
Latin edition of Sebastian Brandt's " Ship of Fools,"* 
called in Latin, " Stultifera Navis," and pnnted by De 
Olpe at Basle in 1497. It is a small quarto, in black 
letter, and is rare. The firet English edition is also 
here. It came from the press of the famous London 
printer, Richard Pynson, in 1509, and is a most notable 
and rare black-letter folio. Mr. Russell has also 
Cawood's edition, London, 1570, which is also in black 
letter. Chaucer is here in four fine old folios, all in 
black letter. The first was printed in 1542 by John 
Reynes, '* dwellynge at the synge of saynte George in 
Pauls church-yarde " ; the second in 1561, by lohn 
Kyngston; the third in 1598, by George Bishop ; and 
the fourth in 1602, by Adam Islip. 

A work of whicli we have not been able to trace 



MR, RUSSELL'S LIBRARY. 351 

another copy has found a place in Mr. Russell's col- 
lection. The title is in verse, and reads — 

" Rede me, and be not wrothe, 
For I speke no thynge but trothe.** 

The book bears no name or date, but the author was one 
William Roy, and the edition is supposed to be that 
printed at Worms in 1 526. It consists of 72 leaves, and 
has a satirical woodcut on the title, displaying the arms 
of Cardinal Wolsey. On the last page are the arms of 
the Pope. Mr. Hazlitt (" Handbook to Pop. Lit."), 
who does not mention having seen a copy, quotes the 
title, and says that the work appears in a list of books 
(preserved among the manuscripts at Lambeth) pro- 
scribed in 1531. This copy, if it be that printed at 
Worms, and there is reason to think so, may therefore 
be unique. Another edition of what is evidently the 
same book appeared at Wese] in 1546. A copy of it 
sold in 1845 at £25. 

Of very high value and interest is the first edition 
of Spenser's great poem, the Fairy Queen. It 
was issued in two parts, the first in 1590, and the 
second six years afterwards. A copy of it was among 
the books of Ireland, the Shakespeare forger, and was 
the subject of much interest when exposed for sale. 
Spenser annotated by Shakespeare would have been 
indeed a treasure. A few great books stand out from the 
crowd of minor ones, and temptingly allure the collector. 
Such are the first folio Shakespeare, the first edition of 
Burns, and the first edition of Spenser's Fairy 
Queen. The present is in every respect a complete 
and fine copy. Some others of Spenser's works are 
also in the library, including the first and only separate 
editions of '* Colin Clout's come Home again," London, 
1595, and "The Fowre Hymmes," London, 1596. 

Another great book, hardly inferior in importance to 
any of the above three, save the Shakespeare folio, is the 
first edition of Virgil's *' -^neid," 1553, translated out of 



352 THE LIBRARIES OF 0LA800W. 

Latin into Scottish metre, by Gawain Douglas, Bishop 
of Dunkeld, and as the title quaintly puts it, '^ vnkil 
to the erle of Angus." It was the first translation of 
a classic into a British tongue, preceding any translation 
into English, and was the work of a scholar in a tur- 
bulent time and an ignorant age. It is a rare book, 
and a precious one. The fine edition brought out 
by the celebrated Scottish scholar, Thomas Ruddiman, 
in 1710, is also here. Another important translation 
was George Chapman's version of the Iliad and 
Odyssey of Homer. Fine copies of both are in the 
library. They are undated, but are supposed to have 
been published about 1610. The former was printed 
for Nathaniel Butter and the latter by Richard Field 
for the same. Mr. Hazlitt relates (" Handbook to 
Pop. Lit.") that Steevens bought of a bookseller, for 
five shillings, Chapman's own copy, with his corrections, 
and also that Pope's copy, which cost him three shil- 
lings, and afterwards belonged to Warton, was sold in 
1869 at £12 5s. Mr. Russell has also the "Whole 
Works" of Homer issued about 1616, and containing 
the Iliad and the Odyssey in one. Of Chapman's own 
works several are in the library. Amongst them the 
** Funeral Song on the Death of the Prince of Wales," 
1612; the first and only edition of the ** Widowe's 
Teares," 1612; and Ovid's ''Banquet of Sense, •• a 
coronet for his " Mistress Philosophy " and his 
''Amorous Zodiake," 1595. 

The rare first edition of Shakespeare's Poems, 1640, 
is in this collection. It has besides the usual title the 
imdated one, and also the eleven leaves after the word 
Finis, containing some poems by others. The present 
is a fine large copy. The "Rape of Lucrece," London, 
1665, is also here, with the rare frontispiece. A copy 
was sold in 1856 at £25 10s. 

Quito a number of valuable editions of Milton's 
works are in the library. The first edition of Milton's 
** Paradise Lost/' London, 1667, is present, with the 



MR. RUSSELL'S LIBRARY. 353 

first title-page. There were several title-pages printed, 
all bearing the same year. Editions of 1668 and 1669, 
and the beautiful folio produced by the Foulises, are 
also here. The first and second editions of Milton's 
Poems, London, 1645 and 1671; the first edition of 
'* Paradise Regained," London, 1671; the first edition 
of'^Comus," London, 1637; and the first edition of 
the " Lycidas," which is at the end of a collection of 
poetical tributes to the memory of Mr. Edward King, 
who was drowned, published at Cambridge, 1638, are 
also in the library. This latter volume bears Milton's 
autograph — one of rare occurrence. 

A volume of extraordinary rarity is Patrick Han- 
nay's " The Nightingale Sheretine and Mariana," 
London, 1622. Of this there are only about six per- 
fect copies, and several of them are in public libraries. 
This copy has the enofraved title which is wanting in 
some of the copies. The title is divided into compart- 
ments. In the upper is a portrait of Queen Anne of 
Denmark, and in the lower a portrait of the author. 
Mr. Hazlitt says {'' Pop. Lit."), 1867, '' Bindley's copy, 
which sold at his sale for £35 14s., cost him 6s. ; Arch- 
deacon Wrangham's fetched £40, and he gave 12s. for 
it. . . . Altogether, perhaps, six perfect copies may be 
in existence.'' A reprint of this volume, edited by Dr. 
David Laing, was presented to the Hunterian Club by 
Mr. Russell. Two copies were printed on vellum, one 
of which is here. Another interesting book, or rather 
morsel of a book, for it is but a fragment of four leaves, 
is ** Adam Bel, Clym of the Cloughe and Wyllyam of 
Cloudesle." It has no date or imprint, but is 
supposed to be about 1557. "The voyce of the 
laste trumpet, blowen by the seventh Angel (as 
is mentioned in the eleventh of the Apocalips) 
callyng at estate of men to the ryght path 6f 
theyr vocation ; wherein are conteyned xii. lessons to 
twelve severall estats of men ; which if they learne and 
folowe, al shall be wel, and nothing amis." This work 

23 



354 THE LIBRARIES OF 

was written by Robert Crowley, printer, and after- 
wards pastor of St. Giles', Cripplegate, London. The 
earliest edition given by Mr. Hazlitt is 1550, and he 
adds, doubtingly, that Lowndes mentions an edition in 
1549. This is a copy of the edition referred to by 
Lowndes. This same Robert Crowley printed the first 
and second editions of the famous " Vision of Piers 
Plowman, 1550." Mr. Russell has the first and also 
the edition of 1561 printed by Owen Rogers, with the 
Creed of Piers, which was then printed for the first 
time. The Creed occupies the last sixteen leaves, and 
is frequently wanting. The authorship of the ** Vision " 
is enveloped in a mist which is not likely to clear away 
now, but the work is generally ascribed to Robert 
Longland or Langland. A very rare volume, and one 
of which mention is made in several places in this work, 
is the " Seven Sobs of a SorrowfuU Soule for Sinne,** 
by William Hunnis. The present (1797) is the second 
edition of the work under this name — of the first we 
do not know if a copy exists. Several editions of it 
appeared subsequent to 1797. Mr. Russell has another 
and a more rare work by the same author, " A Hyve 
Fvll of Hunnye," London, 1578. 

A copy of George Herbert's " Temple," London, 
1633, is a volume of much value, few copies being 
known. It is the first published edition ; of the privately 
issued one of the previous year the copy which be- 
longed to Mr. Huth is the only one known. A very 
rare book is Samuel Rowland s *' Diogenes Lanthome. ' 

" In Athens I seeke for honest men. 
Bat I shall find them God knows when : 
He search the Citie, where if I can see 
One honest man, he shall goe with me." 

London, 1607. A rare edition of William Lithgow's 
" Rare Adventures and painful Perigrinations of long 
ninteen yeares travayles from Scotland to the most 
famous kingdomes in Europe, Asia, and Africa, etc.," 
London, 1632, is here. Many subsequent editions 



MR RVSSELrS LIBRARY. 355 

were printed, and some even of these are scarce- 
Several of Robert Southwells works are in the col- 
lection, including the edition of ** Saint Peter's Com- 
plaint," printed by John Wreittoun at Edinburgh, 1634, 
and of which only one other copy is known. 

Other rare and important books may be noticed briefly. 
Of Gowers Confessio A mantis there is an edition 
printed at London in 1554; of Lydgate's translation 
of the Fall of Princes, an early edition, 1554 ; of 
Lydgate's translation of Guido de Colonna's Siege and 
Destruction of Troy, the second edition, London, 1555 ; 
of Jasper Heywood's version in EngHsh of Seneca's 
Thyester, the first edition, London, 1560; John Hey- 
wood's Spider and the Flie, London, 1556, only 
edition; the same writer's ^'Woorkes," 1566; Hard- 
ing's Chronicle in metre, ** fro the first begynnyng of 
Englade, vnto the reigne of Edwarde the fourth," Lon- 
don, 1543; The Canticles or Balades of Salomon, 
phrase-lyke declared in Englyshe Metre, by William 
Baldwin, London, 1549 (this volume was printed by 
the author, ** seruant with Edwarde Whitchurche ") ; 
Zodiake of Life, by Marcellus Pallingenius, translated 
into English by Barnabee Googe, 1561 ; another edition, 
1565 ; another, 1588 ; My rrour for Magistrates, London, 
1563, the second edition ; another edition, 1571 ;al587 
edition of the first part, which was issued after the 
second, and a complete edition containing both parts in 
1610, with the rare dedication to the Earl of Notting- 
ham of the ** Winter's Night's Vision," which is gene- 
rally wanting, and also the equally rare dedication to 
'* Ladie Elizabeth Clere," prefixed to ** England's Eliza." 
The Satires of Horace, Englished by T. Drant, and is- 
sued under the title of a Medicinable Morall, that is 
the two Bookes of Horace, his Satyres, London, 1566, 
and the Epistles and Satires of Horace, 1567 ; 
Thomas Preston's Lamentable Tragedy, mixed ful of 
pleasant mirth, conteyning the life of Cambises King 
of Percia [imprinted at London by John AUde]. It 



356 THE LIBRARIES OF 0LA800W. 

bears no date, but was entered in the Stationers' books 
between July, 1569, and July, 1570, 23 leaves, very 
scarce ; George Gascoigne's Posies, the first edition 
authorized by the author, 1575 — an edition was issued 
in 1 572 during his absence in Holland — also his Whole 
Workes, 2 volumes, 1586-7 (includes the Droome of 
Doome's Day, 1586), a very rare book indeed; the 
second edition of Thomas Churchyard's Chippes, 1578, 
very rare ; the still morti rare Lamentable and Pitifull 
Description of the WofuU Warres in Flaunders since 
the Four Last Yeares of the Emperor Charles the Fifth, 
his Raigne, first edition, 1578; and the very rarevolume. 
Churchyard's Challenge, London, 1593, containing 
twenty-one of his pieces — he chose the title because his 
right to the authorship had been disputed ; The Bee- 
Hive of the Romishe Churche : a Worke of al good 
Catholikes too bee read, and most necessary to be vn- 
derstood, translated out of Dutch into English by Geo. 
Gilpin the Elder, 1580 — this, the first edition, is ex- 
tremely rare — it was dedicated to Sir Philip Sydney ; 
Seneca, His Tenne Tragedies, translated into Enfi^lysh, 
1581 ; L. A. Seneca the Philosopher, his Boole of 
Consolation toMarcia, translated into an English poem 
[by R. C], London, 1 635, 25 leaves — the translators 
name is supposed to have been Robert Codriugton ; 
Whitney's Emblems, Leyden, 1586; Robert Greene's 
Spanish Masquerado, London, 1589, and several 
other of Greene's works ; Arte of English Poesie, Lon- 
don, 1589 — this important book was written man^ 
years before its appearance in print; George RipleTS 
(Canon of Bridlington, Yorkshire) Compound of Al- 
chemy, London, 1591 ; Abraham Fraunce's Countesse 
of Pembroke's Yuy-church, London, 1591 ; the third 
part of the Countesse of Pembroke's Yuy-church, Lon- 
don, 1592 ; and the Lawier's Logike, London, 1588 
(the identical copies described in the Bibliotheca Anglo- 
Poetica, but re-bound) ; Gabriel Harvey's Four 
Letters and Certaine Sonnets, especially touching 



MR RUSSELL'S LIBRARY. 357 

Robert Greene and other parties by him abused, 1592 
— one of the sonnets is by Spenser ; ^sop's Fables, 
Paraphrased by John Ogilvy, nearly 100 plates, folio, 
London, 1665; Aleyn*s Battles of Crescy and Poictiers, 
1633, and History of Henry the Seventh, 1638 ; AUot's 
England's Parnassus, 1600; Samuel Austin's Naps 
upon Parnassus, 1658 ; Nathaniel Baxter's Sir Philip 
Sydney's Omania, 1606 ; the first collected edition of 
Comedies and Tragedies of Beaumont and Fletcher, 
1647 ; Bodenham's Belvedere, or the Garden of the 
Muses, 1600 and 1601; five works by Richard Brath- 
waite, 1614-15-21, and 1666 ; Thomas Carew's Poems, 
four editions, 1640, 1651, 1670, 1772; seven works of 
John Cleveland, 1647, 1654, 1659, 1662, 1677, 1687; 
seven of the works of Samuel Daniel, 1585, 1602, 
1603, 1605, 1609-23, and 1611 ; the first and second 
editions of Sir William Davenant's Madagascar, 1638 
and 1648, and his works, 1673; John Davies's first 
work, Mirum in Modum, 1602, and four other of his 
works ; two of the works of Sir John Davies, 1602, 
1622 ; Dekker s " Entertaiment to King James, 1604, 
and the Wonderful Yeare 1603, wherein is showed the 
picture of London lying sicke of the Plague," 1603 ; 
John Doune's Poems, 1633, 1635, 1639, 1654, 1669, 
1719, and others of his works; Michael Drayton's rare 
** Gratulatorie Poem to the Majestic of King James," 
London, 16o3; his Poems, 1603, 1605, 1610, 1619, 
1637; his Poly-Olbion, 1622; twelve of Tom 
D'Urfey's works, including his Pills to Purge Melan- 
choly ; the first translation of the Lusiad of Camoens 
into English, done by Sir Richard Fanshaw, London, 
1655 ; Thomas Hall's Funebria Florae, the Downfall 
of May Games, London, 1661 (a presentation copy 
from the author, with his inscription on back of title) ; 
several of Sir John Harrington's works, including the 
New Discourse of a Stale Subject, London, 1596; and 
works by Gabriel Harvey ; nineteen of Thomas Hey- 
wood's woiks, beginning with his Great Britaine's 



358 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Troy in 1609 ; some of Ben Jonson's separate works ; 
some of Sir Thomas Overbury's works; several of 
John Taylor the Water Poet's; Edmund Waller's 
works ; no less than twenty-eight of the works of George 
Wither (all before 1700) ; and many other works of 
merit and value. 

Taking the foregoing pages as including the early 
poetry in the library, which they do, with much else 
besides, we will sum up and bring our description of 
the class to a close by mentioning Scottish poetry, 
collections of songs, and the works of modem poets. 
The collection of the first editions of the separate works 
of Coleridge is one which must have cost much time, 
labour, and money to form. It begins with the Fall 
of Robespierre, 1794, a very rare volume; and the 
Proposals for Publishing by Subscription ; Imitations 
from the Modern Latin Poets, with a critical and bio- 
graphical essay on the Restoration of Literature, a 
most extremely scarce document. They number alto- 
gether 47 volumes, and are bound uniformly. Col- 
lected editions of the works of Byron, Cowper, Shelley, 
and others, and all the works, in oriofinal editions, of 
Swinburne and Tennyson, and some of those of Robert 
Browning, are on the shelves. 

Of the poetical accounts of the Life and Acts of 
Bruce, variously designated as the " Most Victorious 
Conqueror," " Renowned and Brilliant Prince," etc., 
there are six copies here, some of them by Barbour and 
some by Gordon, but none of them earlier than 1714. 
The first Edinburgh, first London, and several other 
editions of Burns's poems are present, with several 
volumes of reprints and Burnsiana. DalyelFs Scotish 
Poems of the sixteenth century, 1801, large paper; Robert 
Farley s Kalendarium Huraanae Vitoe, London, 1638 ; 
and his Lights Moral Emblems, London, 1638 ; most 
of Hogg's works in original editions ; Lej'den's edition 
of the Complaynt of Scotland, his Poetical Remains, 
and other works ; Sir David Lyndsay's works, several 



MR. RUSSJSLLS LIBRARY. 359 

editions ; also Henryson, Dunbar ; first edition of 
Ossian, 1760; another edition, 1762, 1776, and other 
editions; Eamsay's Poems, first edition, 1721-8 ; Ever- 
green, 1724, and early editions of his other works; 
Alexander Scott's Poems, Laing's edition, 1821, and 
the Glasgow edition of 1882, the latter on vellum ; Sib- 
bald's Chronicle of Scottish Poetry, 4 volumes, 1802; 
ten editions of Wallace, by Blind Harry, beginning with 
London, 1637; Certain curious Poems, principally by 
James M*Alpie, Sheriffs-Substitute of Renfrewshire, 
1694, edited by W. Motherwell, Paisley, 1828, 30 copies 
printed. Doubt has been expressed as to whether 
M'Alpie had anything to do with this, or indeed that 
there ever was such a person. This copy contains an 
original manuscript deed, dated 1705, and signed by 
M^Alpie. Ten entries appear under ballads, contain- 
ing some scarce volumes. Seventy-four entries appear 
under songs, some of the titles of which are quaint and 
sweet — Musical Miscellany, London, 1729-31 ; The 
Syren, London, 1737; The Universal Musician, Lon- 
don, 1738; The Nightingale, London, 1742; The Warb- 
ling Muses, London, 1749 ; The Thrush, London, 1749 ; 
The Linnet, London, 1749 ; The Brent, or English 
Syren, London, 1765; The Charmer, Edinburgh, 1765- 
82; Steven's Choice Spirits Chaplet, Whitehaven, 
1771 ; Merry Companion, Newcastle, 1772; Charms of 
Cheerfulness, Carlisle, 1778; The Bullfinch, London; 
Cheerful Companion, Perth, 1780; Grinning made 
more Easy, Oswestry ; Vocal Magazine, London, 1781 ; 
Convivial Songster, London, 1782; The Goldfinch, 
Glasgow, 1782 ; The Busy Bee, London ; The Vocal 
Enchantress, London, 1783; Calliope, London, 1785; 
The Skylark, London, 1791 ; The Bouquet, York, 
1792; Banquet of Thalia, York, 1792; Edinburgh 
Musical Miscellany, 1792-3; Scots Nightingale ; Whim 
of the Day, 1790 to 1805 ; Myrtle and Vine, Lon- 
don, 1803; The Apollo, London, 1814; Laugh- 
able Songster, London, 1814 ; The Dandy, Cork, 1820 ; 



360 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

The Lotus, Edinburgh, 1830; The Thistle, London, 
1833; The Poesie, Glasgow, 1834; Whistle-Binkie, 
Glasgow, 1842. The library also contains nine of 
Peter Buchan's rare publications and several of Allan 
Cunningham's works. Collections of poems are 
numerous. Sixty-eight entries appear in the cata- 
logue under J. O. Halliwell; all J. P. Collier's Beprints 
of Early English Popular Literature, red, green, bine, 
yellow, magenta, and brown series ; twelve of his 
miscellaneous works, and sixteen of his original works 
are in the collection. The Library of Old Authors is also 
here. There are fifty-nine entries at James Maidment 
The most rare of these is Nugae Derelictae, Edin- 
burgh, 1822, a joint production ot Maidment and Bobert 
Pitcairn. In the preface Mr. Maidment says that 
owing to the small number of copies printed of some of 
the pamphlets in the volume, not more than six 
complete copies exist. One is in the Abbotsford col- 
lection ; Mr. Thomas Thomson had a copy which 
is now in the Grenville collection, British Museum ; 
Mr. Whiteford Mackenzie has a copy; Mr. Maid- 
ment and Mr. Pitcairn had each a copv (both 
now in the possession of Mr. Bussell) ; and Mr. J. 
Wyllie Guild has a copy. The first, third, and 
fourth editions of Bishop Percy's Beliques of Ancient 
English Poetry, issued respectively in 1765, 1775, and 
1794, are on the shelves. All the rare works issued by 
David Laing are here, and so also are the numerous 
productions, poetical and otherwise, of John Pinkerton, 
including a unique and most magnificent volume contain- 
ing the 204 plates issued with his Collection of Voyages 
and Travels, engravers' proofs upon India paper, ilie 
volume formerly belonged to one of the principal en- 
gravers engaged on the work. The Aldine edition of 
the British Poets, 35 of Joseph Bit^on's works, Wat- 
son's Collection of Comic and Serious Scots Poems, 
1709-11-13; Arber's English Beprints; the publica- 
tions of the Percy Society, with the suppressed parts; and 



MR. RUSSELL'S LIBRARY. 3G1 

those of the Hunterian Club, Spenser Society, Ballad 
Society, and Early English Text Society, are all here. 

In Scottish history and topography there are many 
fine works, including the very rare first edition of 
Holinshed's Chronicles, and a large paper copy of 
Chalmers's Caledonia. 

Mr. Russell is more than ordinarily strong in original 
editions of Rev. Zachary Boyd's works. He has a 
<;opy of the *' Last Battell of the Soule in Death," 2 
volumes, Edinburgh, 1629, with the much spoken of 
1628 title-page. This title-page is inserted after the 
prefatory matter, just before the beginning of the book, 
and is in this respect the counterpart of Professor 
Ferguson's copy. We owe Mr. Russell an apology for 
not mentioninj^ his copy in our introduction, but we 
were unavoidably compelled to finish that part of the 
book before we had an opportunity of examining the 
-copy at Cleveden. Mr. Russell is also the fortunate 
possessor of the only copy known of Boyd's " Four 
Letters of Comfort for the Deaths of the Erie of 
Hadingtoun and of the Lord Boyd," printed by 
George Anderson, Glasgow's first printer, at Glas- 
gow in 1640. It formerly belonged to Mr. Maidment. 
A reprint was issued in 1878, of which 150 copies were 
printed, six of them on vellum. One of the six is here. 
The other notable Boyd volume in the collection is 
*'Two Sermons for those who are to come to the Table of 
the Lord," f)rinted at Edinburgh by John Wreittoun 
in 1629. Everything relating to the old minister of 
the Barony who preached at Cromwell, and received 
payment in kind from the Protector, being invited to 
dinner, and afterwards treated to a prayer of three 
hours' duration, is interesting, and of at least local 
value. His works are extremely difficult to get save 
in reprints, and even these are rising in price. 

Mr. Russell has a good copy of the first history of 
Glasgow, ** M'CTre's View," 1736, and also copies of the 
various other histories and sketches of the city written 



362 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

by Denholm, Cleland, Strang, Pagan, Stuart, Keid, 
Wade, Mackenzie, Macgeorge, and Hill. He has the 
"Memorabilia of Glasgow," 1835, and "Glasgow 
Looking-Glass" and "Northern Looking-Glass," 1825-6. 
History is well represented, that of England especially 
so. All the well-known histories are on the shelves, 
and the reign of Charles I. and the time of the Com- 
monwealth is illustrated by over one hundred works, 
the greater number of them contemporary with the 
events related. 

In Fine Art we have to chronicle a very large and fine 
collection of works by and relating to John Ruskin. 
They number about one hundred and fourteen, and 
are in fine condition and beautifully bound. 

In this division are also a complete set of both series 
of the Arundel Society, Hamerton's " Etchers," the 
first, second, and third editions ; his " Graphic Arts," 
and other works ; Sir William Stirling Maxwell's 
** Annals of the Artists in Spain," " Antwerp De- 
livered in 1577," " Procession of Pope Clement VII." 
and the ^* Emperor Charles V. at Bolognia," and other 
works ; and the beautiful works of Paul Lacroix. 

Of works of Fiction there is a fair selection. All Sir 
Walter Scott's novels are here in their original form. 

There are a number of Chap-books in the library 
hailing from Glasgow, Paisley, Stirling, Newcastle, 
Alnwick, and Manchester presses. 

Bibliography is well represented. Works by Dib- 
din, Lowndes, Hill Burton, Brydges, and others are 
present. There are numerous sets of collected works 
in the library, and many works of a miscellaneous kind 
which we must content ourselves with recording in this 
general sentence. The works we have named will 
show that the library is very rich in early poetical 
and historical works, and also in several other depart- 
ments of literary production, but a further examination 
would also show that present-day literature and the 
modern side of history, philosophy, etc., is not by any 
means neglected. 



MR. SHIELDS' LIBRARY. 36» 



CHAPTER XXIII. 

LIBRARY OF MATHEW SHIELDS, ESQ., SECRETARY OF 
THE GLASGOW STOCK EXCHANGE. 

Character of the Collection — Witchcraft — Kirkcudbright 
Case — Bovefs *' PandcBmonium " — Scottish Poetry — 
Home's ''Douglas'* — Burns — Claries Version of the 
Song of Solomon — Defoe s " Caledonia" — The Pock- 
manty Sermon — Knoxs '* Historie of the Reforma- 
tiouy' first edition — Covenanting Tracts — '* I'errible 
Newes from Scotland " — Patrick Walker — Letter 
from a Blacksmith on the Religious State of Scotland 
— Biography — Darien Tracts — Prince Charles's Ac- 
count of the Battle of Falkirk — Scottish Topography 
— Glasgow Books — Glasgow Periodicals — Views of 
Glasgow — Poems on Glasgow — Paisley Books — Scot- 
tish Trials — Tinclarian Doctor — Chap-hooks — Con- 
clusion. 

Yet another Scottish library. We remarked in a 
previous chapter on the improbability of two collections, 
although on the same subject, so exactly coinciding as 
to render examination of one of them unnecessary 
and valueless, and this library is an apt illustra- 
tion of the truth of our contention. It is almost 
unreservedly Scottish, has been formed during the last 
twenty years, a period which has also witnessed the 
birth and growth of three other Scottish libraries 
described in this book, and yet is dissimilar to these in 
so many respects, and possesses so strong an individual- 
ity as to richly reward examination and to demand 
separate description. 

It is not a collection of the most approved histories; 
indeed it has few of these, but consists almost wholly 



564 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

of the materials for such. There is hardly a book or 
pamphlet but what has special value as illustrating 
some episode or portion of Scottish national or local 
history more fully than any larger general work. Not 
a volume seems to have strayed in. There is a story 
connected with each, or a reason for its presence, and 
the possessor is able to tell it — a first-rate voucher of 
the care bestowed in the formation of 'the collection. 

That the history of a country consists not only in 
the record of Court movements, in the chronicling of 
treaties and wars, but in also giving a picture of the 
people, has been so generally accepted as to have be- 
come a truism. It is this under-current, as it were, of 
history, the domestic annals of the country, that is 
related in Mr. Shields' books, and usually by con- 
temporaries of the events. 

The Covenanting struggle is graphically told in one 
series of small books ; another relates to the union of 
Scotland and England ; yet another to the unfortunate 
Darien enterprise ; another to the rebellions of 1715 
and 1745, and another to the Reform agitation of 1816 ; 
while single books and tmcts innumerable deal with 
less prominent events. A section, and a considerable 
one, contains books and pamphlets relating to Glasgow 
— histories, views, periodicals, reports, guide-books, and 
the works of local poets who have written on local 
subjects. One other peculiarity of the library is that 
most of the volumes are small in size, duodecimo and 
octodecimo being most common. Small, numerous, 
and of importance, the work of description is rendered 
difficult and arduous. 

Dividing the books into classes in accordance with 
our scheme, our first subject is Witchcraft, with which 
we include superstitious beliefs. The narrative of the 
" Sufferings and Relief" of Christian Shaw, daughter 
of the laird of Bargarran in Renfrewshire, is of course 
in the collection, but having been referred to at length 
4it page 272, need only be mentioned here. 



MR SHIELDS' LIBRARY. 365 

On the 27th May, 1743 or 1744, six young men 
who lived near the town of Kirkcudbright, *' six 
very prophane and blasphemous young men," . . . 
proceeded to the churchyard about midnight and 
took the sacrament in the name of the Devil, despite 
a voice which was heard to warn them to turn and 
repent ere it was too late. No sooner had they 
begun than " there were heard most dreadful and 
astonishing Cries and Bellowings, with many dismal 
groans, enough to melt a heart of stone ; which struck 
such a dreadful surprize on the Rev. Mr. Simmons and 
his family, who lived near the church-yard, that they 
could not ly at ease in their beds, so he went unto the 
church-yard, and there he saw the bread and wine, but 
none of the young men till next morning, when he and 
his family went unto the church-yard again, and there 
they saw the young men lying blind, with blood run- 
ning out of their mouths and ears." This wonderful 
story is solemnly attested by Mr. Simmons, who 
preached a sermon on it on the following Sunday, and 
other persons of local repute, and fully related in an 
eight- page tractate, headed " Terrible Judgments ; or 
the Blasphemers' Reward," 1741. 

Another relation of an equally improbable character 
is given in a pamphlet entitled ''An Account of some 
strange apparations had by a godly man in Kintyre, 
who hath been blind six years," 1737. This was often 
reprinted, and so late as 1820. Another very popular 
chap was that containing an account of a conference 
between Rev. Mr. Ogilvie, minister of Innerwick, and 
the ghost of Mr. Maxwell, the Laird of Cool. Of a 
like character are, ** A Fearful Relation of the Wonder- 
ful state of James Grant " ; '* Dr. Mitchels Strange 
and Wonderful Discourse Concerning the Witches and 
Warlocks of West Calder " (about 1720) ; and '• An True 
Account of the Wonderful Signs of God's Judgments, 
etc.," Glas., 1714. Two very rare books on second-sight, 
known generally through reprints in the Miscellanea 



366 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Scotica, are the first editions of a '' Treatise on Second 
Sight/' by Theophilus Insulanus, Edin., 1763 ; and "A 
brief Discourse concerning the Second Sight, commonly 
80 called," by the Rev. John Fraser, late' minister of 
Tiree, Edinburgh, 1707. This latter was printed by 
Andrew Symson, author of " A Large Description of 
Galloway," and other works. He was ori^nally an 
Episcopalian minister in Galloway, and afterwards a 
printer in Edinburgh. 

Coming to more general works, the third edition of 
Scot's Disco verie of Witchcraft, 1665 ; the third, but 
first complete edition of Glanvil's Sadducismus Trium- 
phatus, 1689 ; Gayle's Select Cases of Conscience 
touching Witches, 1646 ; Bekker's World Bewitched, 
1695 ; a Discourse on Witchcraft occasioned by the 
Bill for the Repeal of the Statutes bearing on 
Witches, London, 1736 ; Sinclair's Satan's Invisible 
World Discovered, Edin. 1789; Defoe's Compleat 
System of Magick (by Andrew Moreton,a no7n deplume 
of Defoe's), London, 1730 ; his Secrets of the Invisible 
World laid open, 1770, and his translation of the Abbe 
Bourdelon's History of the Ridiculous Extravagances 
of Monsieur Oufle, London, 1711, are present. The 
earliest volume on witchcraft in the collection is Peter 
de Loier's curious "Treatise on Spectres," published 
at London in 1605. 

A believer who gives reasons for the faith that 
is in him is welcome. Such an one appears to be 
Richard Bo vet. Gentleman, who wrote a book called 
^' Pandoemonium, or the Devil's Cloyster," London, 
1684. The first part of the work is devoted to a 
general consideration of the subject, the second to the 
relation of instances. These number fifteen, and 
are very wonderful. To the greater number Bovet 
adds an ** advertisement," in which he avows his be- 
lief in the visitations and affirms the truth of the 
relations. In one of the examples it is told that four 
children, amongst other extraordinary actions, vomited 



MR. SHIELDS' LIBRARY, 367 

forth pins, where-anent our author gravely says, " But 
what can possibly be thought of the vomiting of pins ? 
If there could be imagined any natural distemper that 
could breed brass wyre in the body, it would be hard to 
imagin how they should come to be pointed and headed 
without an artiticer." Another work having the merit 
of appearing contemporaneous with the events related 
is Curirs ** Compleat History of Magick, Sorcery, and 
Witchcraft," 2 volumes in one, London, 1715. It con- 
tains among other things a reprint of the account of 
Christian Shaw's case. 

Leaving witchcraft for Poetry, in this class are va- 
rious collections and editions of the old Scottish poets 
edited by Pinkerton, Ritson, Maidment, Laing, and 
others. Among the older books are Blind Harry's "Wal- 
lace," Glasgow, 1685, 1756, and Perth, 1790; Hamilton 
of Gilbertfield's Poetical History of Wallace, Aberdeen, 
1774; Barbour's ''Bruce," Glasgow, 1737; Gordon's 
'* Bruce," Edinburgh, 1718, Glasgow, 1753; Harvey's 
"Bruce," 1768; Lyndesay's Works, Glasgow, 1712, 
and Edinburgh, 1776 ; Hamilton of Bangor, Foulis, 
1741 ; Sir William Alexander, Earl of Stirling's 
*' Monarchicke Tragedies," 1616 ; Gawain Douglas' 
translation of the -^nid of Virgil, Edinburgh, 1714 
(Ruddiman's fine edition) ; Watson's Collection of 
Scots Poems, Edinburgh, 1713, 1709, 1711 ; Colvil's 
''Whiggs Supplication," Edinburgh, 1711; Meston's 
^'Knight of the Kirk," 1723; *' Christ's Kirk on the 
Green," 1718 ; *' Fragments of Ancient Poetry," Edin- 
burgh, 1760 (the first Ossianic publication of Mac- 
pherson) ; A Collection of poems in the broad Buchan 
dialect, 1785; '* Albanus, or the Poetical Tour of 
Scotland," Dumfries, 1805 ; Alex. Pennecuik's Collec- 
tion of Scots Poems, Edinburgh, 1759, and Streams 
from Helicon, 1720; Dr. Pennicuik's ''Geographical 
Description of Tweeddale, and Scotish Poems," Edin- 
burgh, 1715; "Jamie and Bess," by Shirrefs, Aber- 
deen, 1787; Robert Ferguson's Poems, illustrated 



368 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

by Bewick, 2 volumes, Alnwick ; and Campbell's 
" Pleasures of Hope," Edinburgh, 1799 (first edition). 
The following books deserve particular mention : — ^An 
early edition of the authorized version of the Psalms, 
Glasgow, 1G66, black letter ; the Psalms of King 
David, translated by King James, Oxford, 1631, 12mo. 
This is the first edition of King James' Psalms, and is 
very rare. A second edition was published at London 
in 1636, folio, and is better known than the earlier one 
from being generally bound up with the famous Jenny 
Geddes' Pray er-Book, Edinburgh, 1637. Mr. Shields, 
it may be here mentioned, has a fine copy of the 
prayer-book. " The very learned Scotsman, Mr. 
George Buchanan's Fratres Fraterrimi, three books of 
epigrams, and book of miscellanies, in English verse, 
with the illustrations of the proper names and mytholo- 
gies therein mentioned, by Robert Monteith," Edin- 
burgh, 1708. A collection of several poems and verses 
composed upon various occasions by William Cleland^ 
printed in the year 1697. Cleland was lieutenant- 
colonel of a Cameronian regiment, and was killed at 
Dunkeld. A copy of this work, with the title in manu- 
script, is entered in the " Bibliotheca Anglo-Poetica.*' 
The present copy is not quite complete. A curious 
volume of poetry is in this library, " Some Select 
Meditations in Spiritual Songs," 1 759, by " William 
Wilson, schoolmaster in the parish of Douglas," who 
was the author of an account of the battle of Bothwell 
Brig, Glasorow, 1751. Wilson was a good specimen of 
the ** David Deans " type of Scotsman, and his stem, 
uncompromising testimony appears in " A Collection 
of the Dying Testimonies of Holy and Pious Chris- 
tians," published at Kilmarnock in 1806, u book which 
strongly impressed Lord Macaulay. 

Here also are fifteen pamphlets and broad-sheets 
concerning the famous controversy over the pro- 
duction of Rev. John Homes play of "Douglas." 
iSonie of them are on single sheets, and were likely 



MR. SHIELDS' LIBRARY. 369 

hawked about the streets, a method of vending which 
does not conduce to the preservation of the thing sold. 
One is the handbill written by Dr. Alex. Carlyle, 
and referred to in his autobiography, entitled *'A 
full and true History of the bloody Tragedy of 
Douglas." It was said that the perusal of this sheet 
induced many persons to go and see the play. The 
pamphlets, with one or two exceptions, are different 
from those mentioned in the chapter describinjf Mr. 
Gray's library, but as the case was there entered into 
at some length it need not again be more than re- 
ferred to. 

There are here some interesting Bums volumes. 
The rare Glasgow edition (T. Duncan, Saltmarket, 
1801) ; this volume is eked out with two humorous 
poems, evidently Paisley work; the 1802 edition 
(Stewart & Meikle, Glasgow), with which the first 
edition of the ** Letters to Clarinda" was published — 
this edition of the *' Letters to Clarinda," as is well 
known, was suppressed by desire of Clarinda (Mrs. 
Maclehose) ; an early Irish edition, Belfast, 1793; 
and the first Paisley edition, 1802, published by Robert 
Smith, are also here ; the Berwick edition, 2 volumes, 
1801; Rev. Hamilton Paul's edition, Air, 1819; 
Clark's edition, London, 1823, containing ten facetious 
})ieces ; the " Poems ascribed to Burns," Glasgow, 
1801; *' Burns' Poetical Miscellany," published by 
Stewart & Meikle, Glasgow, 1800 (this appeared in 
parts during the three years immediately preceding — 
• The Jolly Beggars " appeared here for the first time); 
" Burnomania," by Dr. Peebles ; and also the works of 
Janet Little, David Sillar, and James Fisher (Dumfries, 
1790), contemporaries and friends of Burns; ''Hew 
Ainslie's Pilgrimage to the Land of Burns," and a 
immber of biographies. A relative of the poet's, John 
Burness, was the author of several plays and poetical 
pieces. Among those here are — " Thrummy Cap," 
one of the most popular of chaps; and a comic drama 

24 



370 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

in three acts entitled ** The Hermit, or the Dead come 
to Life," Edinburgh, 1808. On the title-page the 
author describes himself as a private in the Forfar 
Militia. 

We may rapidly notice some minor poets who belong 
to the city of St. Mungo and district. " The Wise or 
Foolish Choice : or the Wisdom of choosing Christ, 
and the Folly of choosing the World for our portion, 
discovered and asserted by Solomon the Wise," Edin- 
burgh, 1703. This is the Song of Solomon "done in 
metre by one of the ministers of the Grospel in 
Glasgow" — John Clark, minister of the Tron Elirk. 
It is strange to see an old Scottish divine write with 
so much warmth of expression. Probably the carnal 
man had broken loose in the treatment of so luxurions 
a subject. His language is, however, sometimes 
ludicrously commonplace, as for instance where he 
makes the bridegroom say — 

" Thy ev'n-shom teeth in doable row, 

Each in its proper case. 
Not one too short, or hanging low. 

Or squinted from its place, 
Resemble much a num'i*ous flock 

Of sheep that fruitful be, 
New wash't, new past the shizars' stroke, 

A comely sight to see." 

The book is one not often seen. "True Christian 
Love," Glasgow, 1764, is notable as the only poetical 
publication of the Rev. David Dickson, a well-known 
and prolific theological writer of the seventeenth cen- 
tury. " Scotland's Glory and Her Shame," Glasgow, 
1816, is a poem giving an account of the amusements 
and manners of the Scottish people in the last century. 
The author is sorely grieved at the state of the conntry, 
and especially deplores such rude customs as penny 
weddings, of which by the way he gives a most 
interesting description. From a note it would appear 
that the work was first printed in 1752, but we have 



MR SHIELDS' LIBRARY. 371 

never heard of a copy bearing that date. Mr. Shields 
has also the " Poems of William Muir of Campsie," 
Glasgow, 1818, a poet of more than ordinary merit; 
M'Indoe's '* Wandering Muse/' Glasgow, 1813, which 
contains many local allusions; Lochore's "Tales 
in Rhyme," Glasgow ; all the separate works of 
Alexander Rodger, the admired local poet; Poems 
and Songs of Walter Watson, Glasgow, 1823; 
Robert Galloway's Poems, 1788 ; Poems by Johu 
Cherry, 1807; various pieces by William Harriston 
on local subjects, and many others. A curious little 
Glasgow book is ** A Choice Collection of Songs to be 
sung by Freemasons, some never before published," 
1755. 

As samples of the attacks on Scotland at the com- 
mencement of last century we may notice " A Modem 
Account of Scotland," and ** Sawney the Scot," a play 
'* originally written by Mr. Shakespeare, altered and 
improved by Mr. Lacy " ; and on the other hand 
Defoe's "Caledonia, a Poem in honour of Scotland, 
and People of that Nation " (2nd edition, 1748). The 
barrenness of the material available for a defence of the 
Scots against the flood of abusive literature which 
poured from the printing-presses of the time may be 
imagined from the circumstance that Defoe, with 
every wish to be favourable, could find nothing else to 
say in praise of the Scots than to laud the deeds of 
arms accomplished by their countrymen on the Con- 
tinent, and he could not help playing the part of the 
candid friend, pointing out to them the natural riches 
and advantages of their country, and the rewards 
which would follow if they roused them from their 
indolence. A well-known collection of ludicrous 
pieces concerning Scotland is that called "Jemmy 
Carson's Collection," of which many editions appeared. 
The one here was published at Dublin in 1759. 
Amongst other things it contains the famous sermon 
on the '* Wouns of the Kirk of Scotland," delivered by 



372 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

James Row, minister of Strowan, in 1638, which, 
from the following passage, is known as the Pockmanty 

Sermon : — 

*' They did nat only mak a horse of the Kirk of Sootland, bat mh ! 
my Brethren, they made Baalam's ass of her. ... it pleased the 
Lord to apen blind Baalam's een, but what was gotten ahint him, 
wat ye ? There was a Pockmanty ! And what was in it^ w«t je I 
There was the Buke of Comnum Prayer^ the Canons, and the Mi^ 
Commission, Bonny gear, thou kens : But the ass fell a plunging, 
and out gangs the Pockmanty, it hings by the strings ou yea side* 
and aff gaes blind Baalam, and he hangs by the hough on the itber 
side. . . . Bat my beloved, let not the fat swinger get on Again, for 
he will certainly get on his Pockmanty alse." 

Many collections of Scots ballads and songs are in 
the library, amongst them early editions of Kamsay s 
Evergreen and Tea-table Miscellany; Thomson's Or- 
pheus Caledonius, 2 volumes, London, 1733; Poems in 
the Scottish Dialect by several celebrated Poets, Glas- 
gow, 1748 (an uncommon Foulis) ; The True Loyalist, 
1 77 9 (a scarce collection of Jacobite songs, some of which 
are not in Hogg's Jacobite Relics); Caw's Poetical 
Museum, Hawick, 1784 ; Struthers' Harp of Caledonia, 
3 volumes, and British Minstrel, 2 volumes, 1821 ; 
Select Collection of Scottish Ballads, 4 volumes, Perth, 
1790 — the work was issued by the Morisons of Perth, 
many of whose publications are in this collection; Herd's 
Ancient Scotish Songs and Ballads, 1791 ; Ritson's 
Scottish Songs, 1794 ; Select Poems and Ballads, 
Glasgow, 1778, and the more modern collections of 
Chambers and others. 

We have had the good fortune to meet in our biblio- 
graphical survey with two copies of the extremely 
rare first edition of Knox's History of the Reforma- 
tion in Scotland. One is in the Mitchell Librarv, 
and the other is in this collection. The printing 
of the volume, which was being done by Vautrolier, 
was stopped by order of Archbishop Whitgift with the 
intention of rigidly suppressing the book. The present 
copy is complete so far as printed (pages 17 to 560 in- 



MR SHIELDS' LIBRARY. 373 

elusive), and has the remainder of the history in manu- 
script of evidently contemporaneous date. Very few 
copies of the book are known, and not a single perfect 
one — that is, with pages 1 to 16 and those following 
5 GO. The Mitchell copy was previously in the posses- 
sion of Mr. Shields, who found it in a heap of rubbish 
on the floor of an old-book shop. 

Works on the religious history of Scotland are ex- 
ceedingly numerous in this collection. They relate 
principally to the Covenanting period, but a small group 
concern the religious state of the country during the 
eighteenth century. 

The Covenanting tracts divide naturally into two 
series — those referring to the military operations of the 
civil war period, and those controversial ones of a later 
date between presbyterians on the one side and episco- 
palians on the other. We may quote the title of 
one tract amongst many : — 

Terrible Newes from Scotland. Loudon, 1647. 

This is supposed to have been written by Sir Anthony Weldon. It con- 
tains perhaps the most extraordinary description of Scotland ever printed. 
He interprets his deliverance from the country as a special mark of God's 
favour, and in testimony of thankfulness he issues the present publication. 
The country, he says, *' is too good for those that possess it, and too bad 
for those that will be at charge to conquer it." He charges the inhab- 
itants with uncleanliness — ** There is store of fowle, fowle houses, fowle 
linnen, fowle dishes and pots, fowle napkins and trenchers, fowle sheets 
and shirts.'* Regarding the appearance of the country he saj^s, *' As for 
fruit, for their grandmother Eve's sake they never planted any, and for other 
trees, had Christ beene betrayed in this land, as doubtless he should have 
been, had he come a stranger amongst them, Judas had sooner found the 
grace of repentance than a tree to hang himself on." 

Here are all the works, so far as can be traced^ 
of the noted presbyterian minister Alexander Shields, 
author of "A Hind Let Loose." The first edition (1687) 
of tlie Hind is present, and the copy of the " True and 
Faithful Relation of his Sufferings, 1715," which pre- 
viously belonged to David Laing. Shields went out 
as chaplain to the Scots colony at Darien, but did not 
live to return. All the original editions of Patrick 
Walker's extraordinary biographies of Peden, Cameron, 



374 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

and of other Scots ministers; Old lives of Thomas Hog, 
Robert Blair, John Welch, Rutherford, Renwick, 
Livingstone, and others are also here. 

Among the Covenanting pamphlets are many separ- 
ate sermons by prominent testifiers, Alex. Peden, 
James Renwick, David Williamson, Richard Cameron, 
Gilbert Rule, John Wilson, Michael Bruce, and Donald 
CargilL One notable pamphlet is that in which 
mention is made of the Wigton martyrs a number of 
years earlier than was supposed by Mark Napier, who 
commented on the absence of contemporary testimony 
and laboured to disprove the alleged drownings. This 
pamphlet, written by an Episcopalian, Mathias Symson, 
contains a distinct acknowledgment of the fact. Other 
volumes of interest are Naphtali, 1680, and Glasgow, 
1721, much extended; Cloud of Witnesses, third edi- 
tion, Glasgow, 1730 (Dr. Laing's copy); Joshua Redi- 
vivus or Mr. Rutherford's Letters, 1671 ; Fanatical 
Moderation, or unparalelled villany, a faithful narrative 
of the barbarous murder committed upon Dr. James 
Sharpe, Lord Archbishop of St. Andrews, 3rd May, 
1 67 9, by James Mitchell, 1711. This was a most extra- 
ordinary case ; Mitchell was arrested several years after 
the attempt, but in the absence of testimony would 
have been set free. He was, however, induced to confem 
on promise of his life, which promise was afterwarda 
denied, although it yet remains on the Council records. 
(The volume also contains an account of the life, trial, 
and execution of the notorious Major Weir and his 
sister) ; Life of Archbishop Sharp, 1719 (a scarce book 
reprinted in the Miscellanea Scotica) ; another Life of 
Sharp, 1779; Memoirs of Viscount Dundee, by an 
Officer of the Army, 1714 (reprinted in the Miscellanea 
Scotica) ; Life of James Mitchell of Dykes, Ardrossan, 
Glasgow, 1759 ; Memoirs, or Spiritual Exercises of Eliza- 
beth Wast, Glasgow, 1757 (a religious enthusiast, who, 
when a dog bit her, exclaimed " Thy hand, Lord, has 
been laid heavy upon thy servant," and at another time 



MR SHIELDS* LIBRARY. 375 

declared that her sins hung about her like a draff- 
pock round her neck) ; Life and Experiences of Marion 
Laird, an unmarried woman in Greenock, Glasgow, 1781 
(Buckle says of her, " a tortured victim of the doctrines 
enunciated by the clergy"); and of the same character, 
Choice Sentences of Emilia Geddie, Glasgow, 1720 ; A 
Rare Soul Strengthening Cordial, by Jas. Stevenson, 
Glas., 1726; and The Arcanum, Dairy, 1815 (an ex- 
cellent collection of pamphlets enunciating the prin- 
ciples of the Cameronians). Amongst the scurrilous 
books against the Presbyterians are, Dr. Pitcairn's 
comedy The Assembly (1st edition), Edinburgh, 1722 ; 
The Memoirs of Magopica ; The Scotch Presbyterian 
Eloquence (with the Answer), 1789 ; and A Satyre on 
the Stool of Repentance (in rhyme), about 1690. 

The following three little volumes throw consider- 
able light on the condition of the people during the 
last century. The Acts of the Town Council of the 
City of Edinburgh for Suppressing of Vice and Im- 
morality, made since the happy Revolution, especially 
since the year 1700, Edinburgh, 1742, 18mo; Act of 
the Synod of Glasgow and Air, met at Glasgow, 
October 5th, 1726, for Reviving Piety and Suppressing 
Immorality, etc., Glasgow, 1746 — some of the sins 
mentioned are running unentered goods, perjuries at 
custom-houses, and abuses at penny weddings and 
lykwakes ; A Letter from a Blacksmith to the 
Ministers and Elders of the Church of Scotland, in 
which the Manner of Publick Worship in that Church 
is considered : its Inconveniences and Defects pointed 
out and Methods for Removing them humbly pro- 
posed, London, 1758. This is a sensible and moderate 
appeal to the Church to put an end to the abuses which 
disgraced the religious services and especially the cele- 
bration of the Sacrament. The picture presented of 
the debauchery attending these occasions abundantly 
justifies the vigorous onslaught made upon them twenty 
years later by Burns. 



37C THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Among the Theological books we Tnentioned several 
biographies, and we will now briefly enumerate some 
remaining works in the same department. Hume's 
House of Douglas and Angus, 2 volumes, 1748 ; History 
of the House of Gordon, by C. A. Gordon, Aberdeen, 
1754; Memoir of Major Alex. Ramkims, a Highland 
officer now in prison at Avignon, London, 1719 (a 
soldier of fortune whose name was probably Rankin, 
distance from the press and illegibility of handwriting, 
perhaps, accounting for the mistake); Memoirs of 
Montrose, by George Wishart; Life and Death of 
King James V., 1710 (reprinted in the Miscellania 
Scotica) ; The Countess D'Anios' Secret History of 
Mack-Beth, King of Scotland, London, 1708 ; Me- 
moirs of the Life of Lord Lovat, London, 1746 ; 
Memoirs of Captain John Creighton, 1731 and 1748. 

Of the Pamphlets on the union between Scotland 
and England we can only spare space to mention 
three — " Interest of Scotland," by William Seton of 
Pitmedden, 1700; "An Accompt Current between 
Scotland and England Balanced," by John Spreull, 
Glasgow, 1705; "The Reducing of Scotland by 
Arms and Annexing it to England as a Province 
Considered," London, 1705, 

Darien books are so seldom seen that we will be ex- 
cused for inserting out of eleven in the possession of 
Mr. Shields five which do not appear in the account 
of Professor Ferguson's library : — 

Defence of the Scots Settlement at Darien Answered, by Pbilo- 

Britan, Liondon, 1699. 
History of Caledonia : or the Scots Colony in Darien, by a Grentle- 

man lately arrived, London, 1 699. 
A Just and Modest Vindication of the Scots Design for the having 

Established a Colony at Darien, 1699. 
Scotland's Right to Caledonia (formerly called Darien), 1700. 
Koprcsentation and Petition of the Council-General of the Indian ao<i 

African Company, Edinburgh, 1700. 

^^^ Amongst the rebellion pamphlets in the collection 
none match in interest the Journal of Prince Charles's 



MR SHIELDS LIBRARY. 9T7 

march from the time his army entered England, 8th 
November, till its return 10th December, 1745, and his 
description of the battle of Falkirk. Perceiving the 
advantage of being able to transmit to the nation his 
own version of his doings, he procured a printing press, 
which was carried with the army, and, as occasion de- 
manded, used for the production of proclamations^ 
journals, and accounts of affrays, for distribution 
among bis adherents and the population of the dis- 
tricts and towns passed through. The account of the 
battle of Falkirk was printed on the historic field of 
Bannockburn. It gives, by way of comparison, the 
report of the battle furnished by authority to the 
"Caledonion Mercury," and desires the "partial and im- 
partial world to read both relations and then give 
verdict according to their consciences/' Needless to say, 
the two narratives are much at variance with each 
other. 

Other volumes relating to the rebellion are — 
Ascanius, or the Young Adventurer, 1746 (first 
edition) ; The Wanderer, or Surprising Escape, etc., 
Dublin, 1747 ; A Full Collection of all Poems upon 
Charles, Prince of Wales . . . published since his 
arrival in Edinburgh, 17th September till 1st Novem- 
ber, 1745 ; The Chronicles of Uharles the Young Man; 
Full Collection of the Proclamations and Orders pub- 
lished by the authority of Charles, Prince of Wales, 
in two parts, 1745-6; True and Full Account of the 
Battle fought at Gladsmuir (no date or imprint); 
Account of the Battle of Culloden, London, 1749 ; 
Authentick Account of the Conduct of the Young 
Chevalier, London, 1749 ; A Letter from Lord P— d — ^t 
to Lord L — V — t, October 28, 1745, with Answer; Ray's 
History of the Bebellion of 1745, London, 1749; 
Journey through part of England and Scotland after 
the Army of the Duke of Cumberland, by a Volunter, 
1747; and History of the Rebellion, 1745-6, by 
Andrew Henderson, London, 1753. 



378 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Other works of interest bearing on the history of 
Scotland we must be content to despatch in a para- 
graph. Account of the Massacre of Glencoe, 1704 ; 
and a number of original documents connected 
with the official inquiry into the affair; The His- 
tory of the Campagnes 1548 and 1549, being an 
exact account of the martial expeditions perform d in 
those days by the Scots and French on the one side, 
and by the English and their foreign auxiliaries on the 
other, done in French by M, Beague, printed at Paris, 
1556, Edinburgh, no printer's name, 1705 (this gives a 
graphic account of the Scots, their mode of dress, their 
daring, and their cruelty to the English) ; Watson's 
Historical Collections of Ecclesiastical Affairs in Scot- 
land, London, 1657; Monypennie's Scottish Chronicle, 
Edinburgh, 1633; Scot's Staggering State of Scots 
Statesmen (first edition), 1754 ; Skene's Royal Bur- 
rows, Aberdeen, 1680 ; Richard Burton's various 
books; History of the Picts, by Maule of Melgum, 
Edinburgh, 1706 ; Scotiae Indiculum, 1682 ; Scots 
Acts, 3 volumes, 1682-1731 ; Memoirs conceminff 
the Ancient Alliance between the French and 
Scots, 1751 ; Innes's Critical Essay on the Inhabi- 
tants of Scotland, 1729 ; Feuds and Conflicts of 
the Clans, Foulis, 1764; Tophams Letters from 
Edinburgh, 1774-5; Creech's Letters on Edinbuigh, 
1793 ; and the several translations from the Icelandic 
by the Rev. James Johnston relating to Haco's expe- 
dition to Scotland, printed at Copenhagan, 1782, and 
on the same subject, Chronicon Manniae, Perth, 1786. 

Scottish Topography we must also briefly notice. It 
is a large section, including many early and interesting 
works. The following may be named : — Les Delices 
de la Bretagne et Tlrelande, Leide, 1707 (the Scottish 
portion of this is a tiny reproduction of Slezer's views) ; 
Speed's England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland, 1627 
(the maps of Scotland, which are somewhat fantastic, 
were drawn by Peter Kerr ; they are, we believe, the 



MB. SHIELDS' LIBRARY. 87» 

earliest maps of Scotland) ; Geographia Scotiae, 1749 
(maps of counties and islands of Scotland) ; North of 
England and Scotland in 1704, Edinburgh, 1818 (100 
copies printed); Martin's St Kilda, 1698; Martin'a 
Western Islands, 1703 ; Macaolay's St Kilda ; 
Brand's Orkney and Shetland, Edinburgh, 1701 ; Wal- 
lace's Orkney, 1693 ; Semple's edition of Crawford's 
Kenfrewshire, Paisley, 1782; Keliquae Divi Andrae, 
St Andrews, 1797 ; Graham's Sketches of Perthshire, 
1806 ; Ure's Rutherglen, 1793 ; Nimmo's Stirlingshire, 
1817 ; Mackay's Abbey and Town of Paisley, 1825 ; 
Levern Delineated, by Taylor, 1831 ; Weir's Greenock, 
1829 ; Monteath's Dunblane Traditions, 1835, and 
others of minor note. 

We find here all the histories of Glasgow — 
M*Ure's (first edition, 1736), Gibson's, Brown's, Den- 
holm's, Cleland's, Wade's, Mackenzie's, Pagan's, 
Strang's, Eeid's, and others; also Chapman's Picture of 
Glasgow ; Glasgow Delineated ; Short Account of the 
Town's Hospit«3 at Glasgow, 1742 ; History of Glas- 
gow Green, by W, C. Pattison, 1845; Northern 
Sketches and Glasgow Characters (1810). 

In addition to Dr. Cleland's larger works on the 
city, we find also most of his smaller productions,, 
some of them now difficult to get. These mclude the 
Historical Account of the Steam Engine and its 
application in propelling vessels, etc., 1825. Another 
work bearing on the same subject is also here : '* Nar- 
rative of the loss of the Comet steam packet near 
Gourock on the river Clyde, 21st October, 1826,"^ 
Greenock, 1825, as well as another account of the 
same wreck, published at Edinburgh in the same year*. 

Among the tracts are a considerable number on 
the political agitation which resulted in the rising 
at Stra'ven, and the execution of Baird and Hardie 
at Stirling, but which was not finally subdued for 
many years after these events. The titles of these are 
characteristic — '' Gotham in Alarm," ^^ More NeWB 



*<0 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

ftvm Gotham," etc. The pamphlets and booklets do 
not all relate to Glasgow, but include reports of meet- 
ings at Paisley, Kilbarchan, Renfrew, Johnstone, and 
other neighbouring towns. 

Two dumpy volumes contain cuttings selected from 
the ** Glasgow Mercury," 1778, 1779, 1784, 1785, all 
on local subjects (including many advertisements), and 
very curious and interesting. 

Among Glasgow books of a miscellaneous nature we 
note David Laurie's books on the Gorbals and Lauries- 
ton, the narrative of the proceedings in the case of 
Rodger and others v. Harvie for the recovery of the 
liberty of the banks of the Clyde, 1829 ; Ancient Glas- 
gow, 1854 (reprinted from '* Glasgow Gazette"), on 
vellum, one of a veiy few copies ; and " Margaret 
Alexander's Buik." This MS. volume is a sort of 
common-place book of poems, proverbs, and odds and 
ends. It had also been used as a domestic account 
book, and contains names of various tradesmen who 
are to be found in the list of shopkeepers given in 
M*Ure's History, 1736. 

Mr. Shields has a number of Glasgow periodicals and 
an extensive collection of views of Glasgow. The peri- 
odicals, of course, include many that are already men- 
tioned in these pages, but the following three are not 
in any of the lists given : — Philosophical Tattler, 1826 ; 
New^Opera Glass, 1830 ; Pepper Box, 1840. 

VIEWS OF GLASGOW. 

The Prospect of ye Town of Glas- A View of Glasgow from the 

gow from ye North £ast, South-east, Academy, Glasgow, 

Slezor, 1G93. 1762 (hirge Etching, pre- 

The Prospect of the Town of sumably by Robert Paul). 

(jrlasjijow from ye South, Slezer, The Trongate of Glasgow in 1774, 

1G*J3. after a drawing by James 

The Col ledge of Glasgow, Slezer, Brown. 

1093. View of the Cathedral Chorcli 

(tlasgow (from the south), a of Glasgow, Byrne and 

reduced reproduction of Slezer. Hearne, 1779. 

Glasgow (from Windmill Croft), Cathedral (and Ruins of Castle), 

about 1750. Sandby, 1780. 



MR. SHIELDS* LIBRARY. 



381 



Old Bridge and Water Port^ Glas- 
gow, drawn and etched by 
James Brown, about 1780. 

Yiew of the Cathedral and Epis- 
copal Palace at Glasgow, 
Heame and Byrne, 1783; 

Infirmary (from Bell of the Brae), 
Fittler, about 1795. 

Glasgow (from Clyde Place), 
about 1790. 

Glasgow Cathedral, G. Walker, 
1796. 

Interior of the Tontine Coffee- 
Room ; arrival of newspapers, 
etching, about 1800. 

Cathedral of Glasgow (from the 
Moiendinar), Wm. Brown, 
about 1824. 

The City of Glasgow (from 
Strathbungo) J. Clark, 1824. 



Glasgow, with Stockwell Bridge, 

about 1830. 
The New Bridge, BroomielaWy H. 

Wilson, about 1834. 
The Trongate of Glasgow, about 

1830, 
The Trongate of Glasgow, T. I). 

Swarbreck, 1837. 
Cathedral and part of the City of 

Glasgow from the Craig Park, 

D. O. Hill, 1831. 
St. Mnngo's Cathedral, Glasgow ; 

Interior of Glasgow Cathedral, 

David Roberts, about 1840. 
Glasgow (from the Green during 

the Fair), W. Harvey, about 

1845. 
The City of Glasgow in 1853, G. 

M'CuUoch. 



DRAWINGS BY DAVID SMALL, 1884. 



Old Houses in Rottenrow (5). 
Union Court, Rottenrow (2). 
Old House in Castle Street (back 

view). 
Close No. 267 High Street. 
Old Mansion House, close No. 

267 High Street. 
Close No. 245 High Street. 
Corner of Nicholas Street and 

High Street. 
Oldest House in Trongate. 
M'Nair's Land, King Street. 
Princes Street. 
Gibson's Court, Saltmarket. 
Mumford's Theatre. 
Timber-fronted House, close No. 

30 Saltmarket. 



Timber-fronted House, cloBe I^o. 

122 Saltmarket (2). 
(}ourt in Greendyke Street 
Old Houses in Charlotte Street 
*<01d Burnt Bams" Tavern, 

Great Hamilton Street 
Saracen's Head Inn. 
Old Houses in Dowhill. 
Calton Entry (2). 
King Street, Calton. 
Kirk Street, Calton. 
*<01d Ale House," Cochrane 

Street 
Moiendinar, from Drygato 

Bridge. 
Houses along the Moiendinar. 



Also, Allan and Ferguson's Views in Glasgow and 
Neighbourhood, 1835; Leighton's Views on the 
Clyde, folio, large paper copy, proo& on India 
paper ; Glasgow, illustrated by Scott, with descriptive 
text by CuUan, 1834 ; Swan's Views, 1829 ; Stuart's 
Views, 1848; Nicholas Views, Montrose, 1840; and a 



382 THE LIBRARIES OF OLASOOW. 

number of views selected from Fairbaim's Relics of 
Ancient Architecture in Glasgow, 1848. Many of 
the pictures in the above list are unique, and others of 
them are very seldom seen for sale. That showing the 
interior of the Tontine Coffee Room on the arrival of 
the newspapers illustrates a scene described by 
" Senex " in '* Glasgow Past and Present" 

So many poems have been written on the city of 
Glasgow that we wonder no one has ever reprinted them 
in a volume together. As a help towards a list we 
note the following, all in this library : — 

In Johnston's Epigrams, Aberdeen, 1685, there is a poem of 48 linea 
Clyde's Welcome to his Prince, by Allan Ramsay — poem of 66 linea 
Glotta, by James Arbuckle, Dublin, 1728 ; Gla4;ow, 1791 — ^poem of 

334 lines. 
The Clyde, by John Wilson, Glasgow, 1764. 
John Highlandmen's Remarks on Glasgow, by Dongal Graham. 
Glasgow, by John Mayne, London, 1803 — poem of 40 stansas of six 

lines each. This first appeared in 1797 (Glasgow, Brash & Reid), 

and consisted then of only 14 stanzas of the same length. 
Beauties of Glasgow, Ekiinburgh, about 1800 — poem of 96 lines. 
The City Mirror; or, Glasgow in Miniature, Glasgow, 1821; thrae 

parts — 936 lines. 
The Govan Festival, Glasgow, 1832. 
Finnieston Walk, by George Bell, Glasgow, 1815. 
Humours of Glasgow Fair, by Gabriel Neil, 1823. 
Ghost of the Trades' Land, probably also by Neil. 
Am's Well, in the ** Emmet," 1824. 
Glasgow, by Alexander Smith. 
Poems, by Robert Galloway, 1788. Contains a poem on Gla^pow 

Fair, and one on Lunardi's ascent from Glasgow in a balloon. 

No town in the kingdom has been so remarkable for 
its poets as Paisley, and for many years, from the cloae of 
last century onwards, its presses teemed with native 
productions in volumes and separate tracts, all hav- 
ing a strong local flavour — many of them satirical or 
humorous — illustrative of the character and life of 
the people. 

The present collection contains various scarce edi- 
tions of the principal writers, and, besides, others of 



MR. SHIELDS' LIBRARY. 383 

interest not commonly known. Of these we note — 
Several pieces by James Maxwell, who styles himself 
" Poet in Paisley," among them " The Divine Origin of 
Poetry," 1790, containing an attack on Robert Bums ; 
Original Scottish Rhymes, by David Webster, 1824 
and 1835 ; A Panegyric on the Town of Paisley, 1765 ; 
Simple Scottish Rhymes, by William Finlayson of 
PoUokshaws, 1815; Poems and Criticisms, by Archi- 
bald Fyfe, 1806; The Fates of Alceus, by William 
Crawford, 1828 — Crawford's poem is of great merit; 
several pieces by Thomas Camming, 1818 ; Isabella, 
and other poems, 1827, by William McLaren, a friend 
of Tannahill (also his Life of Tannahill, 1815); Poems 
by James King, another friend of Tannahill ; Random 
Rhymes, by Robert Clark, 1842 ; Paisley Portraits ; 
The Town's House on Market Day and other pieces, 
by M'Gillvray, "the rhyming baker,*' and other 
better known poetasters. The Weaver's Struggle, 
1813, The Weaver's Lament, and The Toom Meal 
Pock, are the bitter cry of the distressed weavers on 
the decline of their trade ; and in some prose tracts, 
such as Block's Conversations with Millar, A Curious 
Catechism, etc., we find them looking to reform as a 
cure for their iUs. The distresses of trade at this time 
seem to have originated the strong political feeling for 
which Paisley was so long noted. The reformed local 
government is satirized in Councillors in their Cups, or 
the Reformed Transformed, 1842 ; and as skits of a 
facetious nature we may mention The Leg of Mutton, 
and Soiled Leaves, among many. There is here a 
copy of Chesterfield's Maxmis, with the bold autograph 
" Alexander Wilson " upon it ; also several of WUson's 
coarser poems in the original tract form. 

Paisley has produced a number of periodicals. Of 
these we find — The Paisley Repository, no date (about 
1806-11), and The Annual Miscellany, 1812, both 
edited by John Millar (whose autograph is on the 
former), and of considerable antiquarian mterest ; The 



384 THE LIBRARIES OF OLASGOW. 

Scotchman, 1812 (in the Scottish dialect) ; Tho 
Gaberlunzie, 1825, edited by Archibald Crawford; 
Tho Comet, 1823 ; The Paisley Miscellany, 1823 ; The 
Tickler, 1828 ; The Paisley Magazine, 1828, ably edited 
by Motherwell; The New Paisley Repository, 1853, 
published by the eccentric bookseller, William Ander- 
son, who seems to have written all the original matter it 
contains. This copy has bound up with it some curious 
manuscript rhymes by Anderson, and the autographs of 
several Paisley poets ; and the Paisley Wallet, 1856. 
Among other Paisley books are — The Scotch Haggis, 
1829 (Mr. Shields has also the curious and scarce 
Scotch Haggis, Edinburgh, 1822, an entirely different 
work) ; The Harp of Renfrewshire, 1819 ; Account of 
an Aerial Voyage from Glasgow in the year 1785, 
1813; Declaration of the Witnesses that Survived 
the late Persecution, 1777. We may also notice An 
Account of the Travels of John Magee, pedlar and 
flying stationer, 1826 ; and a small collection of pam- 
phlets on the Paisley Assemblies, 1817, one of them 
the first jmblication of William Motherwell. Here are 
also the more modern publications of David Semple, 
John Parkhill, and David Gilmour. 

Among reports of trials are — Five rare pamphlets 
(Edinburgh and London, 1705) on the case of Captain 
Green, executed for alleged piracy (this is the subject 
of an interesting chapter in Dr. Hill Burton's Criminal 
Trials) ; a series of tracts on the Porteous Kiots, 1736 ; 
a poetical pamphlet (Edinburgh, 1696) on the case of 
Thomas Aitkenhead, executed on a charge of atheism ; 
Trial of Thomas Muir for sedition, 1793 ; the Tele- 
•aph; a poetical Epistle from Thomas Muir of 
iotany Bay to the Hon. Henry Erskine, and the 
Paisley Declaration of Reform, the circulation of 
which was one of the charges against Muir, are in- 
cluded. The Life of James M*Kaen, shoemaker, 
executed at the Cross of Glasgow for the robbery and 
murder of James Buchanan, the Lanark carrier, 1797 ; 



MR SHIELDS' LIBRARY. 385 

the principal trials in Glasgow for murder, dating from 
1828 downwards, including several rare pamphlets on 
the Madeline Smith case ; Trial of MackouU for rob- 
bing the Paisley Union Bank of £20,000 ; Trial of 
Burke and Hare, complete edition, and several street 
ballads on the case ; Kingan v. Watson, 1823 (the ex- 
traordinary local anonymous letters case), and the case 
of Stuart of Dunearn, who shot Sir Alexander Boswell 
in a duel. This is a unique volume, consisting of 
cuttings from '* The Glasgow Sentinel," in which news- 
paper the abusive article and songs by Boswell were 
published. 

There are here about thirty of the curious publica- 
tions of '* The Tinclarian Doctor," William Mitchell, 
tinsmith or tinker in Edinburgh and Glasgow (obit 
1740). Among these are — " The History and Mistery 
of the Great Tinclarian Doctor," supposed to be 
unique; his True Description of the People of 
Glasgow ; and his " Thanksgiving Day for his M. 
King George concerning the Salt Tax, oho ! and also 
his Sermon preached at the Abbay to a drunken con- 
gregation concerning a pair of breeks, oho ! " Dr. 
Chambers in his Domestic Annals mentions the great 
rarity of Mitchell's productions, only one piece being 
in the British Museum. 

This library contains one of the largest collections 
of Chap-books in the West of Scotland. It in- 
cludes many rare and almost unknown articles from 
the presses of the following towns : — Aberdeen, Air- 
drie, Ayr, Beith, Dairy, Dumfries, Dundee, Edin- 
burgh, Falkirk, Glasgow (of dates 1714 to 1825), 
Greenock, Johnstone, Kilmarnock, Newton-Stewart, 
Paisley, and Stirling; also, Belfast, Birmingham, 
Coventry, Dublin, London, Newcastle, Waterford, 
Whitehaven, and York. They are of all kinds — 
poetical, religious, and facetious — many rudely illus- 
trated, and include a set, so far as known, of Douga 
Graham's works in early editions. 

25 



386 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

While the brothers Foulis issued their fine editions 
of the Classics, the Saltmarket presses were supplying 
pabulum to the common reader in the form of coarsely 
printed and bound 18mos, many "adorned" (?) with 
rude woodcuts. Some of these were the popular 
romances of the Elizabethan age, others, native produc- 
tions. As specimens may be noted — Gesta Romano- 
rum, Argalus and Parthenia, The Scots Rogue, 
History of the Bucaniers, The Nine Worthies, Robin- 
son Crusoe, The Seven Wise Masters and the ubiqui- 
tous Pilgrim's Progress. These and others of dates 
1713 to the close of the century, are here. 

Among the books by Scottish writers, or on Scottish 
subjects, not included in our classification we may 
mention Lithgow's Travels, 1640 ; Irving's Historiae 
Scotiae Nomenclatura, Edinburgh, 1697, and his ex- 
traordinary Medicina Magnetica, Edinburgh, 1656 ; 
Ferguson's Scots Proverbs, Edinburgh, 1785; and of 
books relating to James VI., his Court and Character, 
by Sir A. Weldon, 1G50; Truth brought to Light. 
1()92, and his Apopthegmes, or Table-Talke, 1643, 
Of more modern works relating to this country we 
have only space for a few, viz. : — The various works 
of Cosmo Innes, Robert Chambers' Scottish works in 
early editions, Mactaggart's Galovidian Encyclopedia, 
1824 ; The Laird of Logan, Glasgow, 1835-7 (first 
edition), and various antiquarian books. 

Among the Glasgow printed books are — Beaumont 
and Fletcher, 2 volumes, Urie, 1768 ; Otway, Foulis, 
1745; The Gentle Shepherd, Foulis, 1745; Sidney's 
Defense of Poesy, Urie, 1752; Selden's Table Talk, 
Foulis, 1755 ; The Marquis of Worcester's Century of 
Inventions, Foulis, 17G7; Lindsay's Chronicles, Urie, 
1749; ^sop's Fables (with woodcuts), Urie, 1752; 
The Beggar's Opera, Urie, 1750 ; and Gulliver's 
Travels, Knox, 1759. 

There are some rare pamphlets on Stockbroking, 
dated from 1719 to 17(58; and a selection of old 



MR, WORDIE'S LIBRARY, 387 

English poetry, the drama, and miscellaneous books, 
in early editions, as Herrick*s Hesperides, 1648 ; 
Fuller's Good Thoughts, 1657 ; Bishop Hall's Charac- 
ters, 1607 ; Milton's Poems, first illustrated edition, 
1711; More's Utopia, 1637; Samuel Wesley's 
Maggots, 1685; Fontaine's Tales, Edinburgh, 1763; 
Grammont's Memoirs, 1714 ; and the pretty edition of 
Rabelais, 5 volumes, 18mo, 1750. Altogether the 
collection is curious and interesting. 



CHAPTER XXIV. 

LIBRARY OF JOHN WORDIE, ESQ., BUCKINGHAM 

TERRACE. 

Nature of the Collection — General Collections of Pro- 
verbs — Anecdote Illustrating the State of old Scottish 
Inns — Classical Proverbs — Eastern Proverbs — Pro- 
verbs of Modern European Nations — English, Scot- 
tish, and Gaelic Proverbs — A7ia — Scottish Books — 
WorJiS of T, S. Muir — Orkney and Shetland — 
Language — John Grub — Conclusion. 

As a general library this collection would be well worth 
describing, but our purpose is not to add another 
general collection to the typical ones already given, but 
to follow Mr. Wordie into a department of book-col- 
lecting in which, in this city at least, he is alone. It 
would not be difficult for an ingenious lover of books 
to give good and sufficient reason for almost every 
possible form of book-collecting which was not book- 
mutilating, but certainly his task would be easiest 
when defending those who choose a useful subject and 
follow it out exhaustively. A black-letter man, or an 
uncut man, who is black-letter or uncut and nothing 



388 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

else, requires a skilful advocate ; but the collector of 
books on one subject needs no defence. He renders a 
distinct and valuable service to the reading world, and 
the more unusual the subject the greater the merit 

Mr. Wordie's special love has been the literature of 
proverbs, epigrams, and books related thereto, and in his 
study of these he has gathered many works on language. 
The library is also notable for the large number of 
books it contains on Orkney and Shetland and the 
Western Islands of Scotland. 

Our paroemiological studies may very properly begin 
with works of a polyglot nature, containing the pro- 
verbs of more than one nation. From these we will 
proceed to classical proverbs, from thence to those of 
l<]astern origin, modern foreign proverbs following, and 
the proverbs of England and Scotland succeeding, those 
in the language of the Gael bringing up the rear. The 
earliest general collection here is a work printed at 
Duaci in 1604, of which the following is the full title: — 
** -^nigmata et Griphi veterum ac recentium, cum 
Notis Josephi Castalionis I.C. in Symposium: Adhaec 
Py tliagorae Symbola, et Joan. Aegidii Nuceriensis Ada- 
jLjiorum Gallis vulgarium hac recenti editione auctorum 
in lepidos et emunctos Latinae linguae versiculos tra- 
ductio." It went through many editions under the 
title of ** Les Prouorbes Communes.*' The next work 
is a very important one, and one rarely found complete. 
It is in three volumes, published at Frankfurt in 1610, 
10 11, and 1612 respectively, and the first volume 
boars the following title, the other volumes varying 
slightly : -*' Florilegiuni Ethico-politicum nunquam 
antca editum ; nee non P. Syri ac Lucii Senecae Sen- 
tentiae auroae ; recognoscente Jano Grutero ad MSS. 
Pahit. et Frising. Accedunt Gnomae Paroemiaeque 
Graecorum,itcmProverbia: Germanica, Belgica, Italica, 
Gallica, Hispanica." 

Duplossis says of it that " the work is without doubt 
the most voluminous collection that exists of Maxims, 



MR, WORDIE'S LIBRARY, 389 

Sentences, and Proverbs/' The next collection is an 
anonymous work, ** Nomenclator Trilinguis cum Pro- 
verbiis Miscellaneis," London, 1703 ; and the next is 
that which d'Israeli, in his *' Curiosities of Literature," 
assigns to Dr. J. Mapletoft, and terms excellent. The 
title reads ** Select Proverbs. Italian, Spanish, French, 
English, Scottish, British, etc., chiefly moral. The 
foreign languages done into English, .... hints 
which may possibly serve to make a wise man yet 
wiser, a bad man good, and a good man better.'* This, 
the first edition, was published at London in 1707. 
''* Proverbial Sayings, or a Collection of the Best — 

English Proverbs i Italian Proverbs 

BY I BY 

I 

John Ray. i Orlando Pescetti. 



Scots Proverbs 

BY 

Allan Ramsay. 



Spanish Proverbs 

BY 

Ferdinand Nunez. 



with the wise sayings and maxims of the ancients," London, 1800, 

is a combination of four very representative and 
esteemed collections of the proverbs of four nations 
who have each contributed much to the common stock 
of proverbial wisdom. Mr. Wordie has also another 
edition of this work, but without a date. *' Select 
Proverbs of all Nations, illustrated with notes and 
comments, by Thomas Fielding," London, 1824. Du- 
plessis speaks most highly of this book, as being 
*' a small collection made with much order, care, 
and intelligence. The work is preceded by an excel- 
lent introduction, written with a simplicity which is 
not devoid of elegance, and demonstrates the practical 
utility of proverbs," He also adds that " it is a book 
worthy in every respect to be admitted into the most 
choice library." 

In Mery's *' Histoire Gdnerale des Proverbes," Paris, 
3 volumes, 1828-9, a very humorous description is 



390 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

given in French from an English author of the state 
of the old Scottish inns, and those who kept them, 
which is worthy of translation and re-quotation : — 

'* In arriving there from Ireland I landed at a miserable village 
(? Portpatrick), consisting of nearly a dozen huts in the style of those 
of the Hottentots. The principal house was a hotel, kept by a Count. 
All the villagers assembled to salute me, thinking from my suite and 
my appearance that I must be a great lord. The Count hurried to 
hold my stirrup and assist me to dismount ; then turning to his 
oldest son, who wore no breeches, he said to him : my lord, lead the 
gentleman's horse to the stable, and ask your sLster, Lady Betsy, to 
draw for him a pint at two sous, for I presume that the gentleman 
would wish to drink our best beer. I had to |>ass the night there^ 
and make a supper of burned potatoes and rotten eggs. This excepted, 
the host was woiuierfully civil ; he forced me to accept the half of 
his bed. His room was not magnificent ; an old casket served for a 
seat, and the bed wanted curtains. Lady Betsy condescended to ask 
my pardon for the poor state of the room ; assuring mc that many 
persons of great quality had lodged there. She further added that 
though the bed clothes were dirty and black, still it was not four 
years since tiiey had been waehed by the Countess her mother and 
the Lady Matilda Caroline Ange-Eleonorc Sophia, one of her sisteni ; 
she then wished me good night, and promised that the Viscount her 
brother would not fail to grease my boots." 

The other collections are Caroline Ward s " National 
Proverbs in the principal languages of Europe," Lon- 
don, 1842; Cahier's " Quelque six mille Proverbes et 
Aphorismes usuels emprintes il notre age et aux sibcles 
derniers," Paris, 1856, a comprehensive book ; Bohn's 
"Polyglot of Foreign Proverbs," London, 1867; and 
Tejjg's ** Proverbs from Far and Near," London, 1 875. 

The classical proverbs begin with the '* Anthologica 
Gnomica: Illustres veterum Graecae Comoediae Scrip- 
torum Sententiae," of Christianus Egenolphus, printed 
at Frankfurt in 1579. It is valued on account of the 
charming woodcuts by Hans Sebald Behan, one of 
"the Little Masters.'* "Dionvsii Catonis Disticba/* 
Paris, 1580, is a collection of moral maxims, and was 
of great reputation in the Middle Ages. It was then 
thouirht to 1)0 the work of the elder Cato, but modern 
critics ascribe it to a urammarian or h'tteratettr of the 



MR. WORDIE'S LIBRARY, 391 

second century who bore the name (whether assumed 
or not is unknown), which he probably owed to the 
severity of his morals. The " Proverbiorum Centuriae 
XIV." of German bergius, Basil, 1583, is here, and 
the following three editions of the great work of 
Erasmus : — ** Adagiorum," etc., 1606, no place, folio ; 
another, Amsterdam, 1650; and another from the 
same place, 1663. Other works worthy of note are 
^'Carminium Proverbialium," London, 1603 (also 
another London edition, 1637, which Lowndes ascribes 
to James Carmichael) ; "Paroimiai EUenikai, Adagia 
sive Proverbia Graecorum . . . ab Andrea Schotti," 
Antwerp, 1612 — this is by far the best collection of 
Greek proverbs there is — the author would seem to 
have been a Scotsman; "Phraseologica Anglo- Latina," 
together with '* Paroemiologica Anglo-Latina," by 
William Walker, London, 1672; ''Proverbs chiefly 
taken from the Adagia of Erasmus .... illustrated by 
examples from the Spanish, Italian, French, and 
English Languages," by Robert Bland, London, 1814 ; 
Latin Proverbs and Quotations, by Alfred Henderson, 
London, 1869. 

The Eastern languages in which collections of pro- 
verbs are here are Arabic, Persian, Syric, Tamil, Ben- 
gali and Sanscrit, Chinese, and West African. The 
first is represented by Burckhardt's admirable work 
on ** Arabic Proverbs ; or, the Manners and Customs 
of the Modern Egyptians," London, 1830, and 
Quaritch's reprint and other works. Persian is repre- 
sented by Levino Warnerus, '• Proverbiorum et Senten- 
tiarum Persicarum,'' Leyden, 1644 ; Syric, by Burton's 
" Unexplored Syria," volume 1 of which contains an 
appendix of " Proverbia Communia Syrica"; Tamil, by 
Percival's ** Tamil Proverbs with their English trans- 
lation, containing upwards of 6,000 proverbs," 1875 
(the first English issue); Bengali and Sanscrit, by 
Morton's " Collection of Proverbs, Bengali and 
Sanscrit," Calcutta, 1832; Chinese, by Scarborough's 



392 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

''Collection of Chinese Proverbs/' Shanghai, 1875; 
and West African, by Burton's " Wit and Wisdom 
from West Africa; or, a Book of Proverbial Phil- 
osophy," etc., London, 1865. There are also some 
works of a general nature on the proverbs of the whole 
of the East. 

Considering the proverbs of modem European 
nations as in a sense a common stock, they may be 
taken in the chronological order of the works without 
an elaborate division into countries. The earliest is 
Lopez de Mendoza's " Proverbios," printed at Anvers 
in 1594 ; it is extremely scarce. Of four years' later 
date is Richard Perci vale's " Dictionaire," London, 
1599. Tomaso Buoni's " Nuovo Thesoro de Pro- 
verbii Italiana," Venice, 1604, is here. Duplessis says 
this edition exists, but he evidently never had seen one. 
Several editions appeared within a few years of the 
date of this one. The Oudins, Antoine, and Caesar 
are of course represented, the latter by " Refranes o 
Proverbios Espanoles Traduzidos en lengua Fran- 
cesa," Lyons, 1604, and the former by " Recueil dea 
Phrases Adverbiales et autres locutions," Paris, 1647 ; 
and "Curiositez Fran9oises pour Supplement aux 
Dictionnaires ou Recueil de Plusieurs belles proprietez, 
avec une infinite de Proverbes and Quolibots, pour 
TExplication de toutes sortes de Livres," Rouen, 1656. 
All three are works of considerable reputation. " Re- 
franes o Proverbios en Romance, que coUigio, y gloss6 
el Comendador Hernan Nunez," Lerida, 1621. 
Nunez was professor of rhetoric and Greek at the 
university of Salamanca. To the following work 
Sterne was much indebted — " Les Bigarrures et 
Touches du Seignour des Accords [ou Etienne 
Tabourot decedd en 1590 k '43 ans] avec les Apophteg- 
mes du Sieur Gaulard et les Escraignes Dijonnoisea" 
This edition, the first, was published at Rouen in 1640. 
An agreeable volume for " se divertir agreablement 
dans les compagnies " is '* Les lUustres Proverbes 



MR WORDIE'S LIBRARY. 393 

Historiques ou Recueil de diverse questions curieuses," 
Paris, 1655. '* Select and choice observations. ... 
and certain choice French Proverbs," London, 1657, 
is a work concerning which some confusion exists, 
Lowndes (Bohn*s edition) says that the first edition is 
supposed to have been issued in 1647. The present 
copy has nothing to indicate whether it is the first 
edition or not, but the absence of intimation clearly 
supports the supposition that it is really the first 
appearance of the work. 

The eighteenth century works call for little remark, 
" Dictionaire Comique, Satyrique, Critique, Burlesque, 
Libre et Proverbial, &c., &c., par Philibert- Joseph le 
Roux," Lyons, 1735. Another edition of this work is 
also here, Pampelune, 1786. "Almanach des Pro- 
verbes pour TAnnde, 1745; Composd, supputd, et 
calculi exactement par le scientifique Docteur Car- 
touchivandec Astronome privilegie suivant les Astres," 
Anvers, 1745, is another work from which Sterne bor- 
rowed liberally. " Dictionnaire des Proverbes Fran- 
gois et des fagons de parler comiques, burlesques, et 
familieres, &c., avec Texplication et les etymologies les 
plus av^r^es. P. J. P. D. L. N. D. L. E. F," Paris, 
1749. The owner of these bewildering initials was 
Joseph Panckouke, and, eked out, the mysterious 
letters read *' Par Joseph Panckouke, libraire, natif de 
Lille en Flandre." Brunet gives 1740 as the date of 
the first edition, but Querard says he is in error. This 
was probably the first edition. Mr. Wordie has also 
an Amsterdam edition, 1751, and one issued at 
Utrecht in 1757, both of which are styled ''Quatrieme 
Edition.'* "Proverbi Italiani e Latini Raccolti da 
Orlando Pescetti," a Venetian edition without a date of 
this well-known compilation. "Adagios, Proverbios, 
Rifaos e Anexims da lingua Portugueza, Tirados dos 
Melhores Authores Nacionaes e recopilados por ordem 
alfabetica por F. P. I. L. E. L., Lisbon, 1780. 
*' Matindes Senonois ou Proverbes Franjois, Suivis de 



394. THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

leur origine &c.," [by the Abbe Tuet], Paris, 1789 
— an excellent work. 

Getting into the nineteenth century we have two 
editions of '* Mesangfere's ** Dictionnaire des Proverbes 
Fran9ais," Paris, 1821 and 1823, the first being with- 
out his name; the ''Dictionary of Spanish Proverbs," 
compiled by John Collins, London, 1823, containing a 
very good collection of the best Spanish proverbs, and 
affording to the English reader some idea of the rich 
mine of Spanish proverbial literature ; Logan's " Col- 
lection of Italian Proverbs," London, 1830; Crapelets 
"Proverbes et Dictons populaires avec les Dits du 
Mercier et des Marchands, et les crieries de Paris aux 
XIII. et XIV. siecles," Paris, 1831; "Cent Pro- 
verbes," Paris, 1845 — this has a picture of a head 
showing three faces; the illustrations, the beauty of 
which renders the book much sought after, are by 
Grandville, and the heads are those of three out of the 
four authors of the letterpress, who, according to 
Barbier (" Dictionnaire des Anoymes "), were Florgues, 
Taxile Delord, Arnould Theirry et Aim^de Achard ; 
" Proverbes Travestis ou la Morale en Carnival," 
Paris, no date (contains coloured lithographs of scenes 
in the carnival, each accompanied by a proverb) ; " Pro- 
verbes Basques," by Arnauld Oihenart, Bordeaux, 
1847 (second edition ; of the first, issued in 1638, only 
one perfect copy is known) ; '*La fleur des Proverbes 
Fran9ais recueilles et annotds, par M. G. Duplessis,** 
Paris, 1851 (this, by the author of the valuable bibli- 
ography of proverbs, is a modest but wonderfully 
good collection of proverbs; a book on the same lines 
dealing with Scottish proverbs would supply a want) ; 
** Jlaccolta di Proverbi Toscani," by Guisti, Florence, 
1853; ** Proverbes Bearnais," by Hatoulet, Paris, 
18(52 ; *' Les Livre des Proverbes Franjais . • . . par 
M. le Roux de Lincy," Paris, 1859. This is the stand- 
ard collection of French proverbs, and leaves nothing 
to be desired. The proverbs are arranged under four- 



ME. WORDIRS LIBRARY. 395 

teen heads to facilitate reference, and have the 
authority for the proverb attached so far as known. 
The appendix contains some of the more important 
manuscript collections, notably one in the library of 
Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. Then follow the 
proverbs to be found in French authors of the twelfth to 
the eighteenth centuries, and lists of the proverbs cited 
in the farce of Patelin, in the poetry of Regnier, in La 
Fontaine, and in the comedies of Molie^re and Reg- 
nard. A very good bibliography closes the book. 
Some further works require mention — Quitard's 
''Dictionnaire Etymologique Historique et Anecdotique 
des Proverbes et des Locutions proverbiales de la 
langue Francaise," Paris, 1842; the same authors 
'' Etudes Historiques Litteraire et Morales sur les 
Proverbes Frangais et le language proverbial," Paris, 
1860 ; and his ** Proverbes sur les Femmes TAmitie et 
le Marriage," Paris, 1 86 1 ; a reprint of Earl Rivers' trans- 
lation of Cristyne de Pisan's Moral Proverbs ; Burke's 
** Spanish Salt; a collection of all the proverbs which 
are to be found in Don Quixote," London, 1877; 
" Recueil de 3176 Prouverbi, sentensa, massima, consen, 
parabola, buoi-mot, precet," etc., Nice, 1878 — this is a 
collection of proverbs in the dialect of the town of Nice ; 
and Bennett's "Proverbs with Pictures," London, 

1877. 

Leaving foreisfn countries and cominsf to our own 
native isles, about the first English work containing 
proverbs which we meet is Camden's " Remains con- 
cerning Britain," London, 1605, a copy of which is here ; 
but the father of English proverb lore is undoubtedly 
the Rev. John Ray, the celebrated botanist and zoologist, 
whose collection of English proverbs first appeared 
in 1670 at Cambridge. The second edition was issued 
eight years later at the same place ; both are here. 
According to Bohn's edition of Lowndes' Manual the 
date of the third edition is 1737, but Mr. Wor(iie has. 
a copy bearing to be the third edition and dated 1 742. 



396 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

He has also the fouith and fifth editions, London, 
1768 and 181 3, an 1818 edition not mentioned by Bohn, 
and *' Bohn's Handbook of Proverbs," in which Ray's 
book is incorporated. It is worth mentioning that 
the 1818 copy once belonged to Theodore Hook. Fol- 
lowing Ray came James Howell, to whose ** Lexicon 
Tetraglotton '* Duplessis, in his " Bibliographie Pare- 
miologique/' the best bibliography of proverbs in 
existence, devotes no less than ten pages. The title 
is worth quoting, " Lexicon Tetraglotton, an English- 
French-Italian-Spanish Dictionary .... with another 
volume of the choicest proverbs in all the said Toungs 
{consisting of divers compleat tomes), and the English 
translated into the other Three, to take off the reproch 
which useth to be cast upon her, that She is but barren 
in this point, and those Proverbs she hath are but flat 
-and empty," etc., London, 1660, small folio. The 
proverbs have also a separate title-page in which their 
several characters are set forth — moral, physical, 
topical, temporal, and ironical. Fuller in his 
'* Worthies of England," the first edition of which 
was published at London in 1662, gives at the end of 
<?ach county the proverbs pertaining to the district. A 
copy is in this collection. 

Our next work is "The Moral Reflections upon Select 
English Proverbs" of Oswald Dykes, London, 1708. 
Palmer's Moral Essays on some of the most significant 
Proverbs — English, Scotch, and Foreign, London, 
1710 — may be included, although not exactly a col- 
lection of proverbs. Gnomologia: Adagies and Pro- 
verbs ; with sentences and witty sayings, etc., by 
another Thomas Fuller, was a book popular enough to 
be frequently reprinted. Mr. Wordie has three 
editions — the first, London, 1732; .another, Glasgow, 
1814 (to which is added Ramsay's Collection of Scot- 
tish Proverbs) ; and a London edition, 1817. From 
this time the number of works increases. We have in 
1787 ''fat" Captain Grose's Provincial Glossary, with 



MR. WORDIE'S LIBRARY. 397 

a Collection of Local Proverbs, etc. ; another edition 
in 1790 (London), and another in 1811 (London) ; The 
Moralist's Medley, 1803, a work of little consequence ; 
Sancho ; or the Proverbialist, London, 1816, a story 
told in proverbs ; *' Antiquates Curiosae, the etymology 
of many remarkable old sayings, proverbs, and singu- 
lar customs explamed," by Joseph Taylor, London, 
1819, a curious writer; his Instructive Companion 
and Weather Guide are also here ; Nares' Glossary of 
Obsolete Words and Phrases, 1822 ; Select Proverbs 
of all Nations, by Thomas Fielding, London, 1824. 
Varieties of Literature from the Portfolio of John 
Brady, London, 1826, is an entertaining work which 
contains a chapter on proverbs ; " Old English Sayings 
newly expounded in prose and verse," by Jefferies 
Taylor, London, 1827; An Essay on the Archseology 
of our Popular Phrases and Nursery Rhymes, by John 
Bellenden Ker, 2 volumes, London, 1837, with sup- 
plementary volumes, 2 volumes, Andover, 1840. Ker 
endeavoured to trace our popular phrases and nursery 
rhymes to an anti-popish origin, and expended much 
labour in elaborating his whimsical theory with 
amusing result. He was taken to task severely by 
Thomas Wright in a chapter on popular sayings in his 
*' Essays on subjects connected with the literature, etc., 
of England in the Middle Ages" (London, 1846), to 
which criticism Ker replied not in the best of temper 
in his supplementary volumes. Several unimportant 
and the two following important works of later date are 
in the collection — Halliweirs Dictionary of Archaic 
and Provincial Words, Proverbial Phrases, etc., 2 
volumes, London, 1846 ; English Proverbs and Pro- 
verbial Phrases, by W. C. Hazlitt, London, 1869. 

The first collection of Scottish Proverbs was that 
made by Kev. David Fergusson, sometime minister at 
Dunfermline. The first edition appeared in 1641. 
Very few, perhaps not more than two or three, copies 
are in existence, and the splendid proverb collection of 



3;)8 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Keir does not contain one. Mr. Wordie has two 
editions, Edinburgh, 1785, and Glasgow, 1799. The 
next collection was that of James Kelly — A Complete 
Collection of Scotish Proverbs explained and made 
intelligible to the English reader, London, 1721. A 
second edition appeared in 1818, very poorly got up. 
Mr. Wordie has both. Allan Ramsay succeeded 
Kelly. This library contains seven editions — the first, 
Edinburgh, 1737 ; another, Edinburgh, 1750 (with 
Ritson's autograph) ; another, Edinburgh, 1776 (with 
the Gentle Shepherd); another, Glasgow, 1785; 
another, Edinburgh, 1797; another, Paisley, 1812; 
and the last is also a Paisley edition, but without a 
date. Nothing was done for Scottish proverbs for 
nearly one hundred years. In 1832 William Mother- 
well issued Andrew Henderson's Collection, and pre- 
lixed a valuable introductory essay. A large paper 
copy of it is here. The next and latest work is the 
Proverbs of Scotland, by Alexander Hislop, Edinburgh, 
1868. This is dedicated to Sir William Stirling Max- 
well, whose lecture on the proverbial philosophj' of 
Scotland, delivered at Stirling, 1855, is the only 
separate publication on the proverbs of Scotland. 
There has been but one collection of Gaelic proverbs, 
that by Donald Macintosh, Edinburgh, 1785 ; second 
edition, Edinburgh, 1819 (Franklin's Way to Health, 
translated into Gaelic, accompanies both editions), as 
that by Sheriff Nicolson, Edinburgh, 1881, is 
avowedly based on Macintosh's book. The valuable 
and boautiful catalogue of books relating to proverbs, 
cMnblonis, apothegms, epitaphs, and ana in the Keir 
libnirv, privately printed, 18G0, is of course here, and 
a curious volume entitled Lemmata Proverbialia, 
London, 1851, (juarto, which contains a list of the pro- 
viM'hs, motti>es, and sayings inscribed on various places 
in thi' library and house at Keir. It is printed on one 
sidi^ of tho paptT in rod ink. Ten copies only were 
thrown olV, oni» of thoni on vellum. We may note by 



ME. WORDIKS LIBRARY, 



399 



the way that the library also contains Sir William 
Stirling Maxwell's magnificent Life of Don John of 
Austria, 2 volumes, small folio, 1883 ; his Songs of the 
Holy Land, privately printed, Edinburgh, 1846 ; and 
The Stirlings of Keir and their Family Papers, by 
William Fraser, 1858. A manuscript collection of 
proverbs, folk lore, and popular rhymes referring 
to Scotland is here. It was compiled by the late 
G. E,. Kinloch, editor of Ancient Scottish Ballads, 
very probably with a view to publication, and is of 
much interest. 

The literature of Ana is related closely to proverbial 
lore, and both throw much light on each other. Ana 
has been defined to be collections of thoughts, of 
familiar sayings, and of the smaller works of prominent 
men. It made its appearance about the end of the 
seventeenth century, and the list of ana published, 
especially in France, would be a long one. True, 
many works exist that do not merit mention, but a 
bibliography of ana might be made an interesting 
volume. The following works carrying the specific 
name ana on the title-page are here : — 



Addisoniana. London, 1803. 
Arliquiniana. Paris, 1694. 
Benthamiana. Edinburgh, 1843. 
Bievriana. Paris, 1814. 
Brookiana. London, 1804. 
Baconiana. London, 1679. 
Carpenteriana. Paris, 1724. 
Encyclopediana. Paris, 1791. 
Fun«:jnsiana. London, 1809. 
Genlisiana. Paris, 1820. 
Huotiana. Paris, 1822. 
Longuerana. Berlin, 1754. 
Menagiana, Amsterdam, 1693. 



Maintenoniana. Amsterdam, 1773. 
Mooriana. London, 1803. 
Nandaeana and Patiniana. Am- 
sterdam, 1703. 
Poggiana. Amsterdam, 1720. 
Perriniana. Geneva, 1669. 
Rousseana. Paris, 1810. 
Scaligerana. Cologne, 1695. 
Scrapeana. York, 1792. 
Seldeniana. Chiswick, 1818. 
Sheridaniana. London, 1826. 
Sorberiana. Paris, 1696. 
Walpoliana. London, n. d. 



"Warreniana,'* London, 1824, a curious compilation of 
parodies in praise of Warren's blacking. The English 
work entitled "The French Anas,'' London, 3 
volumes, 12mo, 1805, is a meritorious performance ; it 



400 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW, 

is now scarce. Other works here, though not bearing 
the name of Ana, may be noticed — 

Maxims of State, by Sir Walter Raleigh. London, 1651. 
Politcuphia; or, The Wits* Commonwealth. London, 1661. 
Speculum Patrum. London, 1659. 
The Kemarkable Sayings, Apothegms, and Maxims of Eastera 

Nations, by Monsieur Galland. London, 1695. 
Pens^es Ingenieuses des Anciens et des Modemes. Paris, 1692. 
Nouveau Kecueil d'Apophthegmes ou Bons Mots, Rencontrea 

Agreables et Pens6es judicieuses des Anciens et Modemes. 

Toulouse, 1695. 

The great French Collection of Anecdotes in 18 
volumes, Paris, 1767-69, is here, and is quite a 
mine of wealth for professional story-tellers or diners 
out. *'Dictionnaire Enc^^clop^dique d' Anecdotes, par 
Edmond Guerard, 2 volumes, Paris, 1872. This is a 
well-arranged collection, is designed for the use of 
pressmen, and has §o complete an index that it must 
be a very obscure subject on which an appropriate 
anecdote may not be fished out. A quotation from 
" Prosper Merimee " may fitly close this paragraph, and 
feeling many readers will agree — " Je n'aime ae with 
the Thistoire que les anecdotes." 

Among many works on Scotland and Scottish places 
and things we may name — Baronial Antiquities, by 
Billings ; Drummond^s Sculptured Monuments of 
lona; Ancient Scottish Weapons; and Old Edinburgh; 
Lacunar Strevelinense; Kay's Portraits (first edition) ; 
Crombie's Modern Athenians; Innes's Critical Essay 
upon the Inhabitants of Scotland; Drummond of Haw- 
thornden's History of Scotland ; Gordon's Itinerarium 
Septentrionale ; some of the publications of the Spald- 
ing Club, including the Sculptured Stones of Scotland ; 
some of the Maitland Club publications ; Sibbald's 
Scotia Illustra, 1684; Proceedings of the Society of 
Antiquaries of Scotland, 1855 to 1881 ; Hills History 
of Hutchesons' Hospital ; Pitcairn s Criminal Trials ; 
all the works of Andrew Jervise and Cosmo Inncs ; 



MR WORDIE'S LIBRARY. 401 

Hume's House of Douglas and Angus, 2 volumes, 
1743 ; Thomson's Orpheus Caledonius, 2 volumes, 
1733 ; Johnson's Scots Musical Museum ; Mactaggart's 
Gallovidian Encyclopaedia, 1824 ; Pitcairn's Assembly, 
the Montrose Peerage Case, 3 volumes, folio ; and 
reports of some other celebrated Scottish trials. A 
True Narrative of the Sufferings and Relief of a 
young girl (C. Shaw), Edinburgh, 1697 ; several 
editions of Thomas Rymer's Prophecies; Sinclair's 
Invisible World, Edinburgh, 1789; Waldgrave's An- 
cient Scottish Prophecies, 1831 ; and Fynes Moryson's 
Itinerary, London, 1617, folio. Mr. Wordie has all 
the works of T. S. Muir of Leith, " Unda," a list of 
which we do not remember to have seen, and there- 
fore give — 

Privately printed in a limited issue for presents. 

Saint Kilda, 1858. Barra Head, 1866. 

The Ferry House, 1864. Rubbings from Monumental 
The Lighthouse, 1864. Slabs and Brasses, 1871. 

Beehive House in St. Kilda, 1861. Two Tellings to Pet, 1876. 

These relate almost entirely to the remains in Scot- 
land of early ecclesiastical buildings, with interesting 
accounts of Mr. Muir's journeys in search of such 
remains. 

Published, 

Descriptive Notices of some of the Ancient Parochial and Oollegiate 

Churches of Scotland. London, 8vo, 1848. 
Notes on Remains of Ecclesiastical Architectural and Sculptured 

Memorials in the Southern Division of Scotland. Edinburgh, 

8vo, 1855. 
Characteristics of old Church Architecture, etc., on the Mainland and 

Western Islands of Scotland. Edinburgh, 4to, 1861. 

The unusual interest which has been manifested 
during recent years in works on the sea-girt regions 
of Orkney and Shetland warrants us in giving a list of 
those on Mr. Wordie's shelves : — 

Wallace, Rev. James, A Description of the Isles of Orkney. Edin- 
burgh, 1693. 

26 



402 THE LIBRARIES OF OLASOOW. 

Wallace, James, M.D., Acoonnt of Orkney. London, 1700. 

Brand, John, Description of Orkney and Zetland. Edinburgh, 1701. 

Letter from a Crentleman on Oppression by the Clergy. 1710. 

A Voyage to Shetland. London, 1751. 

True and Exact Description of the Island of Shetland. London, 1 753. 

Fea, James, The Present State of the Orkney Islee. Edinburgh, 1 775. 

Account of the New Mode of fishing. Holyrood, 1775. 

Jamieson, Robert, The Mineralogy of Shetland and Arran. Edin- 
burgh, 1798. 

Barry, Rev. Greorge, The Orkney Islands, Edinburgh, 1805. 

Neil, Patrick, A Tour through Orkney and Shetland. Edinburgh, 
1806. 

Sutherland, Duchess of, Views in Orkney and North-East of Scotland. 
1807. 

Ekimonstone, Arthur, Zetland Islands. Edinburgh, 1809. 

Laing, John, Voyage to Spitzbergen and Shetland. London, 1815. 

Peterkin, Alexander, Rentals of the Ancient E^ldom and Bishopric 
of Orkney. Edinburgh, 1820. 

Peterkin, Alexander, Notes on Orkney and Shetland. Edinburgh, 
1822. 

Hibbert, Samuel, Description of the Shetland Islands London, 1822. 

Traill, Rev. Walter, Vindication of Orkney. Edinburgh, 1823. 

Hibbert, Samuel, Tings of Orkney and Shetland. Edinburgh, 1829. 

M'Kenzie, James, The Grievances of Orkney and Shetland. Edin- 
burgh, 1836. 

Dunn, Robert, The Ornithologist's Guide to the Islands of Orkney and 
Shetland. London, 1837. 

Catton, James, History and Description of the Shetland Islandg. 
Wainfleet, 1838. 

Deeds Relating to Orkney and Zetland. Edinburgh, 1840. 

Statistical Account of Orkney and Shetland. 1842. 

Edmonstone, Thomas, Flora of Shetland. Aberdeen, 1845. 

Monteith, Robert, Description of Orkney and Zetland. Edinburgh, 
1845. 

Baikie, W, B., and Heddle, M., Orkney Natural History. Edin- 
burgh, 1848. 

Torfaeus, Thormodus, Ancient History of Orkney, Caithness, and the 
NortL Translated by the Rev. Alexander Pope. Wick, 1866, 

Edmonstone, Thomas, The Shetland and Orkney Dialect Edinbur^, 
1866. 

Gorrie, Daniel, Winters and Summers in the Orkney Islands. Lon- 
don, 1868. 

Reid, John T., Art Rambles in Shetland. Edinburgh, 1869. 

The Orkneying Sa^^a. Edinburgh, 1873. 

Cowie, R., M.D., Shetland — Descriptive and Historical Edinburgh, 
1874. 

Saxby, Henry, The Birds of Shetland. Edinburgh, 1874. 



ME. WORDIE'8 LIBRARY. 403 

Burton, R. H., Ultima Thule. 2 vols. London, 1875. 

Ferguson, James, The Brochs of the Orkney Islands. London, 1877. 

Gifford, Thomas, Description of the Zetland Islands. Edinburgh, 

1879. 
Low, George, A Tour Through the Islands of Orkney and Shetland. 

Kirkwall, 1879. 
Ferguson, R. M., Rambling Sketches in the Far North. London, 

1883. 
Tudor, John R., The Orkneys and Shetland. London, 1883. 

The works on Lanefuaofe are considerable in number. 
They comprise grammars, dictionaries, vocabularies, 
glossaries, and miscellaneous philological works, and 
relate to the following languages and dialects : — Arabic, 
Danish, English, French, German, Gipsy, Greek, Hin- 
dustani, Hungarian, Latin, Scottish, Swedish, Turkish, 
and Zulu. 

The following title merits quotation at length: — 
*' Orations on Various Select Subjects, by Mr. John 
Grub, late Schoolmaster of the Parish of Wemyss, 
in Fifeshire, as performed by his Scholars after the 
usual Examination on Harvest Vacation Days, and on 
Shrove Tuesdays, in place of Cockfighting" Edinburgh, 
1794. Mr. Grub, who was a man of good parts, had 
the misfortune to injure one of his knees so severely as 
to necessitate the amputation of the leg. But '*it's an ill 
wind that blaws naebody good." Mr. Grub during his 
confinement '* experienced very uncommon and humane 
attention from a young woman in the house where he 
lodged, and upon recovery of his health married her 
who during his distress had treated him with such 
tender kindness." 

In conclusion we may say that the library contains, 
amongst other works, a considerable number of chap- 
books ; some early and fine copies of the novels of Scott, 
Dickens, and Thackeray; Gawain Douglas's Transla- 
tion of Virgil's -zEneid, Edinburgh, 1710 ; some of the 
Lee Priory publications; Strutt's Sports and Pastimes, 
his Royal and Ecclesiastical Antiquities; some of Dib- 
din's works ; many Bibliographies, including a number 



404 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

of valuable catalogues; the Keports of the Historical 
Manuscript Commission; and many other works on 
many other subjects. Mr. Wordie's is a compact lib- 
rary, carefully selected, in good condition, useful as a 
general collection, and rich in its own special depart- 
ments. 



CHAPTER XXV. 

LIBRARY OP ALEXANDER YOUNG, ESQ., LYNDOCH 

PLACE. 

Size and Character of the Collection — New Testament^ 
Psalms, Paraphrases, and Prayer-books — Googe*8 
" Popish Kingaome " — Rogers^ s Translation of " The 
Imitation of Christ'' — Witchcraft — Early English 
Popular Literature — Chaucer — * ' Piers Plowman " 
— " A Dicers Opinion of the making of Dice and 
Cards " — Spenser — Entry of James /. into London 
— Decker — Rowlands — Greene — Overhuty — ShaJke- 
speare — Taylor, the Water Poet — Anthony Munday 
— Milton — Beatimont and Fletcher — Hemck — Suck- 
ling — Byron — Scottish Books — Sir W. Alexander , 
Earl of Stirling — Boyd's " Last Battell of the Soule " 
— Barbour s '^ Bruce'' — First Edition of Bums*8 
Poems — HollinshedJs Chronicles — M^Ure^s Vieio of 
Glasgoiv — Glasgow Books — Printing, by Wynken de 
Worde, Pynson, and Treveris — Ilakluyt's Voyages — 
Robinson Crusoe — Gullivers Travels — Classical 
Writers — Douglas's Translation of VirgiVs jEneid 
— Chapman's Homer — Dibdin's Works. 

When Mr. Young began book-hunting it was not the 
luxury it is now ; a rare and valuable volume could 
occasionally be picked up for a moderate sum, and 



MR YOUNG'S LIBRARY. 405 

treasures sometimes lurked in the cheap boxes where 
nothing now rewards the weary searcher. So keen a 
hunter as Mr. Young was not likely to miss bagging 
some fine specimens, but be that as it may, an intelli- 
gent examination of his collection of books at once 
shows that a liberal expenditure must have assisted 
a fine taste and an untiring assiduity before so many 
choice volumes could have been brought together. 

The library numbers about 5,000 volumes, the 
rarest of which are arranged in three book-cases. 
Eager and liberal in the acquisition of books, Mr. 
Young has also paid earnest devotion to the beautiful 
as exemplified in the art of the bookbinder. Almost 
every volume is handsomely bound, and fine examples 
are present of the work of Bedford, Pratt, Ram- 
age, Riviere, De Coverley, and other eminent book- 
binders. The mere artistic effect is charming and 
the feast of the eye is perfect, but the beauty of the 
outward form is but in every instance symbolic of the 
inward value. 

Like many other book buyers, Mr. Young has in his 
collecting accumulated duplicates. Twice he has 
cleared his shelves of them, first in 1873 and again in 
1884. One thousand three hundred volumes were 
brought to the hammer at the first sale and 1,000 at 
the second. Both sales were held in Glasgow in the 
auction rooms of Messrs. Duncan Keith, Buchanan & 
M'Cloy, where a goodly number of fine libraries have 
been dispersed. At these book sales may be seen 
wealthy local book buyers, giving evidence — and this 
volume is another testimony — that in this busy, money- 
making city a taste for literature is often cultivated 
along with a turn for commerce. 

While as becomes a Scotsman Mr. Young has not 
been inattentive to the Kterature of his country, his 
sympathies have lain chiefly in the direction of early 
English literature. So prominent is his library in this 
department that the other features of the collection 



406 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW, 

seem dwarfed, although they are by . no means un- 
important. 

Surveying the library according to the scheme laid 
down in the Introduction, the first to be noticed are 
the theological and philosophical works. The earliest 
printed of these is a copy of the New Testament by 
Tindal and Erasmus, from the press of Thomas 
Gaultier, London, 1550. It is of considerable 
rarity. There is a copy in Stirling's Library. Of 
the Psalms of David Mr. Young possesses a number 
of editions, some with and some without the 
Liturgy, of which ten are of great importance. The 
first three are those having John Knox's Genevan 
Liturgy for the use of the Kirk of Scotland prefixed, 
printed respectively by Vautrolier, London, 1587 ; 
by Richard Schilders, printer to the States of Zeeland, 
Middleburgh, 1594; and Andro Hart, Edinburgh, 
1622. The Psalms in each edition are set to music. 
The next two are from the press of the famous Aber- 
deen printer, Edward Raban, the one a tiny volume 
of which the following is the leading title (there being a 
separate title at the commencement of the text) : — 
** The Psalmes of David in Scottish metre, with a per- 
fect Table for xxiij. years to come, and an exact 
Kalendar for ever, also morning and evening prayers, 
together with many other; Aberdeene : Printed by 
Edward Raban for David Melvill, anno 1626, 18mo." 
This is a little book of extreme rarity, and was bought 
bound with an edition of the New Testament of the 
same size, printed at London by Bonham, Norton and 
Bell in 1627. The other is ** The Psalmes of David 
in prose and metre according to the Church of Scot- 
land ; the Psalmes in prose on the margin according to 
the new translation, 1610. In Aberdeene, imprinted 
by Edward Raban for David Melvill, 1633, with privi- 
ledge — set to music." This is the edition usually bound 
up with Knox's Liturgy of the same date. The sixth 
is a very rare and most interesting little 24mo volume. 



MR. YOUNO'S LIBRARY. 407 

bound in old calf with steel clasps. "The whole 
Booke of Psalmes in prose and metre trulie compared 
with the Hebrew Text. Hereunto is adjoined an exact 
Kalendar, etc., etc. Printed at Edinburgh by Andro 
Hart, 1617." What makes this little volume of es- 
pecial interest is that it has the initials ** A. H." 
stamped within a circle in the centre on each side of 
the old binding, and quite probably belonged to the 
printer himself. The seventh is an Enghsh edition, 
printed by Richard Yardly and Peter Short for the 
assignes of W. Seres, 1590, 12mo. The eighth is 
a Scottish 24mo edition, Edinburgh, printed by Robert 
Bryson, and are to be sold at his shop at the sign of 
Jonah, anno dom. 1641. And the remaining two 
are King James' version printed by Turner, Ox- 
ford, 1631, with portrait of the King and from his 
pen ; and Bishop King's version of the Psalmes, Lon- 
don, printed by Edward Griffin, 1651. This was 
Narcissus LuttrelPs copy and has his autograph. 
Kindred volumes to the foregoing are two very 
rare and interesting editions of the Paraphrases, 
the first being that printed in 1745, remitted for 
consideration by the General Assembly to the 
Presbyteries of the Church, per minute of 18th 
May, 1745; and the second is an edition of the 
Paraphrases as approved, printed in 1756. In each 
of these volumes there are only forty-five pieces 
iu place of sixty-seven as in the version now in use. 
Of the few copies of the Confession of Faith in this 
collection, the earliest is one printed at Edinburgh 
by Evan Tyler, printer to the King's most Excellent 
Majesty, 1650. Lee in his "Additional Memorial," 
1826 (p. 78), says that such copies of the Confession 
of Faith as are to be found between 1649 and 1672 
were printed by printers who pretended to no patent. 
This one is printed betwixt the two dates stated, and 
bears to be printed by the King's printer. The next 
book to be mentioned is a rare one, " The Catechisme 



408 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

or Maimer to teache Children the Christian Religion, 
made by the excellent Doctoor and Pastour in 
Christens Church, John Calvin, wherein the minister 
demaundeth the question, and the chylde maketh 
answere. Printed at London by Bouland Hall, 
dwellynge in Guttar Lane at the sygne of the Halfe 
Egle and the Keye, 1563/' But of much greater 
interest is the Prayer Book, commonly called ''Laud's 
Prayer Book," which Charles I. and that unfortunate 
prelate essayed to impose upon the Scottish people, 
and which occasioned the famous exploit of J^nny 
Geddes. It is a small folio, printed by the Kings 
printer, Robert Young, Edinburgh, 1637, and has the 
Psalms of King James, London, 1636, bound up 
with it. In the latter, by a mistake of the printer, 
nearly three lines of psalm 109 were omitted, and the 
leaf was cancelled. Mr. Young's copy is a fine one 
and worthily bound. The Mitchell Library has a 
copy, as has also Stirling's Library. The other theo- 
logical books of interest are not numerous enough to 
justify classification, and may therefore be taken in 
the order of their publication. Two works by Sir 
Thomas More come first. They are — " The Confuta- 
cyon of Tyndale's Answere," London, 1532 — a list of 
" fawtes escaped in the pryntynge " is given at the end 
— and " A Dyalogue of Comfort against Tribulacion," 
Antwerp, 1673. Two other of More's works may be 
noted here, although not belonging to this class ; they 
are the first edition of his works, London, 1557, and 
the first and third editions of the English translation 
of the '' Utopia," 1551 and 1597. Two books by John 
Bale, Bishop of Ossory, follow — " The first two Partes 
of the Actes, or Unchast Examples of the English 
Votary es," London, 1550-51, in black letter; and the 
" Pageant of Popes, Englished by J. S." [John Stud- 
ley], London, 1574, also in black letter. The above is 
the third edition of the Votaryes. The first appeared 
in 1546, and the second two years later. Of the 



MM. YOUNG'S LIBRARY. 409 

"Pageant" there was but one separate issue. Of 
special interest to students of ecclesiastical history and 
controversy is the great Scottish Reformer's " Answere 
to a Great Nomber of Blasphemous Cauillations written 
by an Anabaptist," Geneva, John Crespin, 1560. At 
the time of its publication Knox was in Scotland, 
valiantly leading the attack on popery and its institu- 
tions. The larger number of his early writings were 
printed at Geneva, which was then a haven for the 
persecuted reformers of Europe. Crespin also printed 
some of Calvin's works. A work of some rarity is 
Barnabe Googe's translation of "The Popish King- 
dome, or Reigne of Antichrist, written in Latin verse 
by Thomas Naogeorgus," London, 1570. In the pro- 
spectus of a reprint of the book issued in 1880 it is 
stated, " Of this exceedingly rare and curious work 
only one perfect copy is known to exist, viz., that in 
the Cambridge University Library." The following 
books need be little more than mentioned: — Sir 
Thomas Wilson's Rule of Reason, London, 1563 ; A 
Treatise of Morall Philosophic, contayning the sayinges 
of the Wyse, London, 1564; The Discovery of the 
Holy Inquisition, London, 1568 ; The Imitation of 
Christ, by Thomas A'Kempis, translated by Thomas 
Rogers, London, 1580. (This translation is referred to 
by Dibdin in his introduction to the edition of 1828, 
pp. 104-6. He says ''Wood makes the first edition 
with a date 1584, but that Mansel has it 1583." This 
is earlier than either. Dibdin says also : " A clean 
and perfect copy of this translation, unless preserved in 
a public library, is probably not in existence. I have 
made use of two copies of the same date 1596, both in 
a wretchedly imperfect and soiled condition," This 
edition is both clean and perfect.) A Thankful! Re- 
membrance of God's mercy in an historicall collection 
of the great and merciful! Deliverances of the Church 
and State of England since the Gospel beganne here 
to flourish from the beginning of Q. Elizabeth, by 



410 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

George Carleton [Bishop], London, 1637 ; The Whole 
Duty of a Christian, 1668 ; and Cotton Mather's 
Magnalia Christi Americani, or the Ecclesiastical 
History of Nev/ England, London, 1*702. Southey 
speaks of it '' as one of the most singular books in this 
or any other language. Its puns and its poems, its 
sermons and its anagrams, render it unique in its 
kind." 

Three works on Demonology and Witchcraft are worth 
noting. ^' The Discouerie of Witchcraft," by Ranald 
Scot, London, 1584, black letter ; " Daemonologie, in 
forme of a Dialogue, diuided into three bookes," Walde- 
grave, Edinburgh, 1597. This second was written by 
King James VI. of Scotland, and is justly considered 
a poor piece of work. Scot's views were directly op- 
posed to those of the King, who, taking advantage of 
his royal position, ordered the *' Discouerie " to be 
burned. Many copies perished in this manner, and 
consequently this edition — the first — has an accidentally 
enhanced value. The two later editions of Scot, 1651 
and 1665, are also in this collection. Mr. Young has 
also the 1603 edition of the King's book. The third 
work is the Rev. Joseph Glanviirs " Sadducismus 
Triumphatus ; or, a full and plain Evidence concerning 
Witches and Apparitions," London, 1681. The author 
contends for the reality of witches and apparitions, and 
has been cited by Dugald Stewart as an instance of 
the *^ possible union of the highest intellectual gifts 
with the most degrading intellectual weaknesses." 

As has been already said, the strong point of this 
library is the department of early English literature, 
consisting chiefly of poetry, drama, and romances. The 
space devoted to it here may be accepted as a fair indi- 
cation of the position it occupies in the whole collection. 
The earliest printed book of this class is Voragine^s 
'* Golden Legend," imprinted by Wynken de Worde 
(Caxton s successor), *' In Flete Strete at the Sygne 
of the Sonne," 1527, small folio; several editions of 



MR, YOUNG'S LIBRARY. 411 

it appeared before this one, three of them printed by 
Caxton, and two by De Worde. It was translated by 
Caxton, at the command of William, Earl of Arundel. 
The next work is Gower's '^ Confessio Amantis," of 
which this collection can boast of the second and third 
editions. The first was printed by Caxton in 1483, 
the second by Thomas Berthelette in 1532, and the 
third by the same printer in 1554. The father of 
English poetry is represented by five folio editions of 
his whole works, all in black letter, and one separate 
work. The earliest is entitled *' The Workes of Geffrey 
Chaucer, newlye printed, with dyuers works which 
were neuer in print before : as in the table more playnly 
doth appere. Prynted by John Reynes, dwellynge at 
the syne of Saynte George, in Paul's Churchyarde," 
1542. There were copies of the same edition issued in 
the same year with the names of different printers. 
The ^'Plowman's Tale" first appeared in the 1542 
edition or editions. The next is an undated edition, 
which has the " Plowman's Tale," and was issued 
shortly after 1542. The following is the colophon : — 
'' Imprinted at London by Thomas Petit, dwelling in 
Panics Churche Yavde, at the Sygne of the Mayden's 
heed — Cum priuilegio ab imprimendum solum." The 
other three folios are those of 1561, with woodcuts 
to the prologues, 1602 and 1687. " Amorum TroiU et 
Cresidae, libri duo priores, Anglico-Latini," Oxon., 
1G35; this was a translation into Latin by Sir Francis 
Kinaston of Chaucer's " Troilus and Cresside," of 
which only books one and two were printed. The 
complete MS. was sold at Mr. Singer's sale, in 1860, 
to the late Mr. James Crossley of Manchester. 

We have now done with Chaucer, and pass to an 
author who wrote contemporaneously with him, but 
whose work did not receive the immortalizing impress 
of the printer until after Chaucer's time. We speak of 
Robert Langland or Longland, to whom the remark- 
able allegorical poem, '' The Vision of Piers Plowman/' 



412 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

is generally ascribed. The first and second editions 
were printed by Robert Crowley in the same year, 
1550, at London. The latter is in this collection. The 
poem is supposed to have been written about 1362, and 
the author added to it in 1377, and again in 1393. 
This work was recognized as a voice from the people 
expressing the prevailing discontent with bondage, 
oppression, and impurity in Church and State, and 
was widely read. Our next book is also an allegorical 
poem, " The Spider and the Flie," by John Heywood, 
London, 1556. The spider represents the Protestants 
and the fly the Catholics. In this library are also an 
edition of the same writer's Works, London, 1598, and 
two productions of a more prolific author of the same 
surname, Thomas Heywood, "Troia Britanica; or. 
Great Britaines Troy," London, 1609 ; and the *' Hier- 
archic of the Blessed Angels, their Names, Orders, and 
Offices," London, 1635, both in small folio. "The 
Tragedies gathered by John Bochas of all such 
Princes as fall from theyre estates," etc., translated 
by John Lidgate, black letter, folio, printed by John 
Wayland, London, about the year 1558. This copy 
is in fine condition. A famous work is the ** Ship 
of Fools," or, in this copy, more quaintly called 
the " Shyp of Folys," by Sebastian Brandt, trans- 
lated into English by Alexander Barclay, a priest. 
This is the second edition of this translation, London, 
1570, black letter, folio. It contains some pieces not 
in the first edition, which was printed by Pynson in 
1509. Gascoigne is represented by three works — the 
second issue of the first authorized edition of his 
"Poesies," differing from the first issue only in the 
title-page, London, 1575 ; " The Steele Glas," London, 
1576, bound up with the preceding ; the first edition of 
" The Droome of Doomes Day," London ; " The 
Mirror for Magistrates," first published in 1559, was 
the joint production of eight writers, of whom the 
most eminent was Thomas oackville. Lord Buckhurst. 



MR YOUNG'S LIBRARY. 413 

It was edited by William Baldwin. Other editions 
appeared in 1563, 1571, and an additional part, edited 
by J. Higgins, taking chronological precedence of that 
already issued was published in 1574, after which date 
the first issued portion was styled the last part and the 
last issued the first part. Another, called the second 
part, wholly written by Thomas Blenerhassett, was 
printed in 1578, in London, by Richard Webster. 
This last is in this collection ; it is the only sepa- 
rate edition, and is said to have been the only book 
printed by Webster ; an edition dated 1587, printed in 
Fleete Streete by Henry Marsh, assignee of Thomas 
Marsh, which contains the parts edited by Baldwin 
and Higgins, and Haslewood's fine edition, 1815, 
are also here. Another book with a somewhat 
similar title, but by a different author, is " The Mirror 
of Magistrates for Cities," by George Whetstone, 
1584. It recounts the efforts of the Emperor Alex- 
ander Severus to check the vices which were prevalent 
in the Roman capital, and which were traced to the 
great number of gaming and drinking-houses which 
jibounded, and also contains '*A Touchstone for the 
Time, describing many perillous Mischiefes bred in the 
Bowels of the Citie of London." Hazlitt quotes the 
following interesting note from Mr. Skegg's catalogue 
regarding it : — " At folio 32 in this very rare and 
curious volume we have *A Dicer's opinion of the 
making of dice and cards ' as follows : ' In so much on 
a time I heard a distemperate dicer sodenly swear y* 
he faithfully beleeued y* dice were first made of the 
bones of a witch, cards of her skin, in which there 
hath euer sithence remained an inchantment, y* who- 
soeuer once taketh delight in either, he shall neuer 
haue power vtterly to leaue them/ " George Turber- 
ville is represented by " The Heroycall Epistles of the 
Learned Poet Publius Ouidius Naso, in English 
Verse, anno domini 1569," imprinted at London by 
Henry Denham ; and his " Noble Art of Venerie " 



414 THE LIBRARIES OF OLASOOW. 

and " Book of Falconrie," both printed by Purfoote in 
1611, and bound by Ramage, the former m red and 
the latter in green morocco. A very scarce book is 
Anthony Munday's ''English Romayne Life," Lon- 
don, 1582. It is reprinted in the seventh volume of 
the Harleian Miscellany. Another scarce book is 
" The Arte of English Poesie. Contriued into three 
Bookes. The first of Poets and Poesie, the second of 
proportion, the third of ornament," London, 1589. 
Mr. Hazlitt says of it ('' Handbook to Pop. Lit."), 
" This important book, which was written many years 
before its appearance in print, is republished in 
* Ancient Critical Essays.' Between sig. n and sig. o 
in two or three known copies are four cancelled leaves 
marked j. ij, and iij, and the last unsigned. A perfect 
copy should have 133 leaves, including the table and 
the portrait of Queen Elizabeth. In the Grenville 
collection is the copy presented by the author to Ben 
Jonson." This copy is quite perfect, but has not the 
cancelled leaves. The next book is from the house 
of the renowned Leyden printer, Christopher Plantin. 
It is entitled '* A Choice of Emblemes and other 
Denises, for the moste parte gathered out of Sundrie 
writers, Englished and Moralized, and diners neulv 
deuised, by Gefirey Whitney," 1586. The '* Emblems*' 
is said to have been used by Shakespeare, which was 
extremely probable. It has been reprinted by photo- 
graphy. In it a story is told "of three women who 
threw dice to ascertain which of them should first die. 
She who lost affected to laugh at the decrees of fate, 
when a tile suddenly falling put an end to her exist- 
ence " (quoted by Mr. Hazlitt in ** Pop. Handbook " 
from Douce's '* Illustrations of Shakespeare "). Some 
early copies of the works of the author of " The Fairy 
Queen " are in the collection. *' The Shepheardes 
Calender, conteining Twelue ^glogues, proportionable 
to the twelue Monethes," 1581, black letter ; imprinted 
at London by Thomas East for John Harrison the 



MR YOUNG'S LIBRARY. 415 

younger, dwelling in Pater Noster Roe at the sign of the 
Anker, and there to bee sold. This is the second edition 
of the earliest printed of Spenser's works. "The Faerie 
Queene/' London, printed for William Ponsonbie, 1590; 
the second part of the " Faerie Queene," London, same 
printer, 1596. These two volumes form the first 
edition of Spenser's great poem. Ireland the Shake- 
spearian forger had a copy with manuscript notes, 
which he said were by Shakespeare. This copy after- 
wards belonged to Sir Francis Freeling. The follow- 
ing note in the Freeling sale catalogue is quoted by 
Hazlitt : — '* These volumes attracted more notice, 
curiosity, and veneration from the believers in the 
Shakespeare forgery than any of the printed books 
in the pretended Shakespeare library, ' Spenser,' 
illustrated with notes by Shakespeare, was hailed as 
an inestimable treasure." Ireland in his " Confessions," 
p. 196, says that a gentleman offered sixty pounds for 
the copy. 

" Complaints, containing sundrie small Poems of the 
World's Vanities,'' also printed by Ponsonbie, London, 
1591 — the only separate edition issued ; " Colin Clouts 
Come Home Againe," by the same printer, London, 
1595 — the only separate edition. With it is printed 
" ' The Mourning Muse of Thestylis,' by Lodowick 
Bryskett, of which no separate edition is known. It 
includes also * An Elegie, or friend's passion for his 
Astrophell ' [by Mathew Roy don ?]. Bryskett's poem 
was licensed to John Wolfe in 1587 separately, and very ' 
probably printed by him ; but no such impression has 
yet come to light." (Hazlitt's ''Handbook of Pop. 
Lit.") There is also in this collection the first collected 
edition of Spenser's works, London, 1611, folio; 
several modern editions, including an uncut copy of 
Pickering's fine edition, 5 volumes, 1822. Eight works 
by various authors bring us to the end of the six- 
teenth century printing in this class. First comes Sir 
John Harrington's '* New Discourse on a Stale Subject, 



416 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

with the Metamorphosis of Ajax," London, RichcL 
Field, 1696 ; next comes John Lylly's " Euphues the 
Anatomy of Wit/' London, 1597, and '^Euphues and 
his England," London, 1582. This is the fifth edition 
of the first mentioned. Of the first edition, printed in 
1579, no complete copy is known. The first edition of 
the " England " was issued in 1580. Early editions of 
both works are rare. Our next works are Gabriel 
Harvey's " New Letter of Notable Contents," London, 
1593 ; and ** Pierces Supererogation, or A New Fraisse 
of the Olde Asse," London, 1593. These two works 
are in extremely fine condition, the paper being as 
fresh and crisp as the day it was issued, nearly 300 
years ago. Our next bears the quaint title of the 
*' Silke Wormes and their Flies." It is described on the 
title-page as being written by T. M., a Countrie Farmer 
and an apprentice in Physicke, London, 1599. The 
author was Thomas Mofiat. A curious work on the 
morality of acting is " Th' overthrow of Stage-playes 
by the way of controuersie betwixt D. Gager and D. 
Rainoldes, wherein all the reasons that can be made 
for them are notably refuted ; th' objections aunswered ; 
Wherein is manifestly proued that it is not onely un- 
lawful to be an Actor, but a beholder of those 
Vanities, etc.," 1599. Two works, dated 1600, and 
both printed at London, conclude the century's print- 
ing. The first, rarely found in so good condition as 
the present copy, is Allot's '' England's Parnassus ; or, 
the Choysest Flowers of our Moderne Poets, with their 
Poetical! Comparisons." The other is '* Godfrey of 
Bulloigne," translated by Fairfax. This tale of the 
Crusades was first translated into Enghsh by Caxton, 
and also printed by him in 1481, 

The entry of James I. of England into London in 
LG04, to take possession of his kingdom, was celebrated 
with much magnificence, and we begin the seven- 
teenth century with two works relating to the occa- 
sion — (1) Ben Jonson's '*part of King James, his Koyall 



MK YOUNG'S LIBRARY. 417 

and magnificent Enterfcainement through his Honor- 
able Cittie of London," London, 1604 ; and (2) Decker's 
" The Magnificent Entertainment : Giuen to King 
lames, Queene Anne his wife, and Henry Frederick 
the Prince, vpon the day of his Maiesties Triumphant 
Passage (from the Tower) through his Honourable 
Citie (and Chamber) of London," etc., London, 1604. 
Decker is also represented by three other of his works 
— " The Dead Terme ; or Westminster's Complaint 
for long Vacations and short Tearmes," London, 1608; 
*' The Belman of London," 1640, London ; " Villanies 
discovered by Lanthorne and Candle-light, and the 
helpe of a New Cryer called O per se O" London, 
1610. The rapid growth of interest in dramatic litera- 
ture during the present century is strikingly shown in 
the case of this book. A copy sold in 1798 brought but 
one shilling, Whereas one disposed of in 1856 at Sothe- 
by's was knocked down for £6 15s., and the book has 
since much increased in value. The following work is 
interesting chiefly as the only work by the writer, 
Sir W. Harbert, the younger^ which we possess. "A 
Prophesie of Cadwallader, last King of the Britaines : 
containing a Comparision of the English Kings with 
many Worthy Romanes, from William Rufus till 
Henry the fift," etc., London, 1604, printed by 
Thomas Creede. A contemporary and opponent of 
Decker s was Samuel Rowlands. His works are ex- 
ceedingly scarce, first editions of some of his airy trifles 
bringing very large sums. In this collection is the 
1642 edition of his " Doctor Merry-man : or Nothing 
but Mirth " ; the fifth edition of '* Diogines Lan- 
thorne," London, 1628, black letter, and an excep- 
tionally fine copy of the only edition of " Martin 
Mark- All, Beadle of Bridewell : and his Defence 
and Answere to the Belman of London, etc.," 
London, 1610, black letter. In this work, which is 
])artly in prose and partly in verse, Rowlands accuses 
J )ecker of stealing the materials of his " Belman of 

27 



418 THE LIBRARIES OF 0LA800W, 

London ** from Harman's " Caueafc, or Warening for 
Common Cursetors/' uojostly, as the ^* Belman ** is 
based on a piece attributed to Greene, entitled ** The 
Groundworke of Connycatching.** Greene was a pro- 
lific writer. Mr. Hazlitt gives the titles of thirty-nine 
separate pieces, of the most of which many editions 
appeared. We refer to the following as being in this 
collection, viz. : — " Ciceronis Amor. Tollies Love," 
London, 1616 — seventh edition, the first was published 
in 1589 ; ^'Arcadia, or Menaphon ; Camillaes Alarum 
to Slumbering Evphves in his Melancholy Cell at 
Silexedra/* London, 1616, black letter; "Neuertoo 
Late : or, a Powder of Experience : sent to all youth- 
ful gentlemen, to roote out the infectious follies that 
ouer-reaching conceits foster in the spring-time of their 
youth," London, 1621; "A Quip for an Upstart 
Courtier; or, a Quaint Dispute between Velvet- 
breeches and Cloth-breeches," 1625. One edition 
contains the attack on Gabriel Harvey which occa- 
sioned the bitter dispute between him and Greene, 
lasting for several years, and continued fiercely after 
the latter 's death by his friend, Thomas Nash. It was 
translated into Dutch and appeared at Leyden in 
1601 under the title of " Een Seer Vermakelick 
Proces Tusschen Fluweele-Broeck ende Laken-Broek." 
** Philomela, the Lady Fitz water's Nightingale," Lon- 
don, 1615 — Farmer's copy (1798) sold for 8s. 6d., and 
was resold at the Roxburghe sale (1812) for £5. 
Next we mention ** Ghost haunting Conny Catchers : 
with the merry Conceits of Dr. Pinchbacke, a not- 
able Makeshift," London, 1626, black letter, which 
has been ascribed to Greene. Of Michael Drayton, 
the author of the " Poly-Olbion," this collection 
contains the fifth edition of his poems, issued in 1613, 
six years after the first edition. A copy of Sir Thomas 
Overbury*s "A Wife now a Widdowe,'* London, 1614, 
is worthy of attention. It is the second edition of this 
popular work, of which nearly a score of editions were 



MR YOUNG'S LIBRARY. 419 

issued in the first fifty years after its appearance. Mr. 
Young has also a copy dated 1618, which Mr. Hazlitt 
does not mention. The tragical end of Sir Thomas is 
well known. He was imprisoned in the Tower at the 
procurement of his quondam friend the Earl of Ro- 
chester, who caused him to be poisoned there, Septem- 
ber 15, 1613. 

The foul deed was discovered three years later, when 
the minor participators in the crime were executed. 
Rochester, now Somerset, and his countess were also tried 
and condemned, but received afree pardon from the King. 
His murder produced a plentiful crop of literature, of 
which the following was probably the most important : 
— **Sir Thomas Overberries Vision. With the Ghoasts 
of Weston, Mris. Turner, the late Lieftenant of the 
Tower, and Franklin. By R. N." [Richard Niccols], 
Oxon., 1616. It was reprinted in the Harleian Miscel- 
lany, and from this copy in facsimile, with an intro- 
duction by the late Mr. Maidment, and presented 
by Mr. Young to the Hunterian Club. This 
book is of extreme rarity, only one or two copies 
being known to exist. Mr. Maidment says in his 
introduction — ** It is conjectured not to have been 
printed for sale, Niccols being by no means certain 
what use ' My Lord Chief Justice Coke, the very 
quintessence of law,' as Weldon sarcastically calk 
him, might have made of it. This may explain its ex- 
treme rarity." In this collection there is also Niccols' 
** Expicedium, a funeral oration upon the death of the 
late deceased Princesse of famous memorye Elizabeth," 
4to, 1603. Early editions require mention here of 
William Slatyer s Palae Albion, London, 1619 ; Mar- 
lowe's Troublesome raigne and Lamentable death of 
Edward the Second, London, 1622 ; Sir Philip Sidney's 
Countess of Pembroke's Arcadia, London, 1623 ; 
Whole Works of Samuel Daniel, Esquire, in Poetrie, 
London, 1623; Phineas Fletcher's Purple Island, 
Cambridge, 1633 (first edition) ; and the same writer's 



420 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Locustes or Apollyonists, 1627 ; Hocus Pocus (an early 
book on legerdemain), London, 1635. Of the works 
of the greatest of England's poets — Shakespeare — 
there is in this collection some rare volumes. Probably 
tirst in importance is the second folio edition, London, 
printed by Thomas Cotes for Robert Allot, and are to 
be sold at the signe of the Blacke Beare in Paul's 
Churchyard, 1632. It Avas a trade book, each book- 
seller putting his name on the copies he subscribed for. 
Next to the first folio (1623) it is the most important 
text, and although of much less money value than that 
uow rare volume, a fine copy brings a considerable 
sum. This is a fine copy, bound by Cape. There is 
hIso a fine copy of the fourth folio edition, London, 
1685, printed by Herringman, Brewster and Bentle}'. 
-\mongst Mr. Young's numerous Shakespearian posses- 
sions, the ''Poems," London, 1640, 17mo, with the fine 
portrait of Marshall ; *' King John," London, 
1622, 4to ; and " Sir John Oldcastle," London, 1600, 
4to, require special mention. The Poems comprise 
manj^ things which Shakespeare did not write, includ- 
ing pieces from Heywood s " History of Women,*' 
1624. The " King John " is the third separate edition. 
With its two predecessors, it has been called spurious. 
'^ Sir John Oldcastle " was at first ascribed to Shake- 
Hpeare, but it has long ago found a place amongst the 
numerous things possessing the negative Shakespearian 
interest of having attained notice through an unscru- 
])ulous use of the poet's name, thus showing, his owti 
dictum to the contrary, how much lies in a name. From 
Shakespeare to John Taylor, the Water Poet, is 
IX considerable transition, for which the chronological 
.sequence of Mr. Young s books and not the narrator is 
to blame. A fine copy is here of the whole works of 
Taylor, containing sixty-three pieces, corrected and 
revised by the author, London, 1630, folio. Separate 
editions of many of the pieces in this volume are not 
uow known to exist. Of Donne's poems there are in 



MR. YOUNG'S LIBRARY. 421 

this collection the first and third editions, published in 
1G33 and 1639 respectively, the former containing the 
l^ortrait by Lambert, and the latter the fine one by 
Marshall. The following early books can be but little 
more than mentioned : — '^ The Byrth of Mankynde, 
otherwise named the Woman's booke," by Thomas Ray- 
nold, phisition, London, 1634, 4to. The author was 
John Jones, M.D., but one Thomas Raynolde, M.D., 
claimed and republished it as his own ; Quarles'fes 
'' Emblems," London, 1635 (first edition). ''There are 
many later editions of these Emblems, but the first and 
second are the only really valuable ones, more especially 
the former. Quarles, however, was merely a borrower 
from Herman Hugo, as the latter was from Alciatus " 
(Hazlitt's "Handbook to Pop. Lit."). ** Miseries of 
Enforst Marriage," by George Wilkins, London, 1637 ; 
'* The Excellency of Good Women," London, 1613 ; and 
*' Opinion Diefied," London, 1613, both by Bamabc 
Rych, and the Blacke Booke, London, 1604, a very 
rare work ; '* The Palmerin D'Oliva. Shewing the 
Mirrour of Nobilitie, the Map of Honour, Anatomie 
of rare Fortunes, Heroicall Presidents of Loue, Won- 
der of Chivalrie, and the most Accomplished Knight 
in all Perfection. Presenting to noble minds their 
courtly desire, to Gentiles their expectations, and to 
the inforiour sort how to imitate their vertues, handled 
with modestie to shun offence, yet delightfull for Recrea- 
tion. Written in Spanish, Italian^ and French, and 
from them turned into English by A. M." [Anthony 
Munday], London, 1637. '*The Palmerin of Eng- 
land, the no lesse rare than excellent and stately 
History of the Famous and Fortunate Prince Palmerin 
of England. Declaring the birth of him, and Prince 
Florian du Desent his brother, in the Forest of Great 
Britaine, the course of their lives afterward in pur- 
suing Knightly adventures and performing incompar- 
able deeds of chivalry. Wherein Gentlemen may find 
choise of sweet inventions, and Gentlewomen be satisfied 



422 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

in courtly expectations. Translated out of French by 
A. M. [Anthony Munday]" London, 1639, black letter; 
** New Yeeres Gift, by Necrophile," 1638, with rare por- 
trait of Jefferie Hudson, the dwarf, under which are 
the following lines : — 

" Gaze on with wonHer, and disoerne io roe 
The Abetmct of the World's Epitome " ; 

Robert Farley's Kalendarium Hvmanae Vitae, Lon- 
don, 1638 ; the same writer's Lychnocavsia aive 
Moralia Facum Emblemata ; Lights Moral Emblems, 
London, 1638 ; Poems occasioned by a melancholy 
vision vpon divers Theames enlarged, which by seueraU 
arguments ensuinge is showed, by Humplurey MiU, 
1639 ; Poems Sacred and Satyricall, by Nathaniel 
Kichards, London, 1641 ; A Lytel Treatyse Of the 
Byrth and Prophecye Of Marlyn, London, 1641. This 
was first printed by Wynken de Worde in 1510. 
Milton is represented by the first and second editions 
of his Poems, London, 1645, 1673, the first edition of 
"Paradise Lost," 1668, third title-page, and the second 
edition of ** Paradise Kegained," London, 1680, and a 
beautiful copy of Pickering's small 8vo edition of 1825, 
5 volumes. Beaumont and Fletcher appear in the first 
folio edition of their works, 1647, which contains thirty- 
six plays appearing in that volume for the first time. Of 
flerrick there is the first edition of his " Hesperides,** 
which is really his works, as is indicated by the sub- 
title, ** The Works both Human and Divine of Robert 
Herrick, Esq.," London, 1648. The Divine Poems 
have a separate title, dated 1647, and are called '' His 
Noble Numbers.'' A curious book is " Wit's Recrea- 
tions for Ingenious Head-pieces," London, 1645. 
Several editions of it exist with slightly varying titles. 
No dramatic library would be complete without 
some of the gay and amorous eifusions of Sir John 
Suckling, and a fine copy of his *' Fragmenta Aurea : 
a collection of all the Incomparable Peeces written by/' 
him ''and published by a Friend to perpetuate hi.«* 



MR. YOUNG'S LIBRARY. 423 

Memory," London, 1648, removes that possible re- 
proach from this library. Brief mention will suffice 
for Emanuel Ford's " Parisimus, the Renowned Prince 
of Bohemia," London, 1649, 4to, and the first and only 
edition of Thomas Weaver's ** Plantaganet's Tragicall 
Story ; or, the Death of King Edward the Fourth. 
With the unnaturall Voyage of Richard the Third, 
through the Red Sea of his nephew's innocent bloud, 
to his usurped Crowne," London, 1649. Regarding the 
next book, Thomas Stanley's ** Poems," printed in the 
year 1651, Mr. Hazlitt gives the following interesting 
note — ^* Scarcely two copies of those few remaining 
correspond exactly. . . . Some copies read : London, 
printed for Humphrey Moseley, etc., 1652 ; which title- 
page was probably set up when the author had ceased 
to present copies to friends and parted with the re- 
mainder of the stock to Moseley. There was only one 
impression." This copy does not bear Moseley's name. 
Hazlitt also pertinently observes respecting our next 
book, ** Le Prince d' Amour, or, the Prince of Love ; 
with a collection of several Ingenious Poems and Songs 
l)y the wits of the age," Lond(m, 1660, that the poems 
and songs are chiefly not by the wits of the age. Other 
seven works will bring to a close this survey of early 
popular literature. The first of these is entitled " West- 
minster Drollery; or, a Choice Collection of the Newest 
Songs and Poems," London, 1672. Mr. Young has 
also Brome's "Co vent Garden Drollery," London, 1672. 
The next book is the first collected edition of Sir 
William Davenants "Works," folio, London, 1673. 
A portrait of the author which faces the title-page 
shows a singularly bull-dog looking face. Of the 
famous ** History of Reynard the Fox," first translated 
into English and printed by Caxton, there is here the 
first part of a late edition, 1701, in black letter, with 
(juaint engravings. There is also the second and third 
parts, 1681 and 1684, then first added, the latter bear- 
ing the title of " The Shifts of Reynardine the son of 



424 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

Reynard the Fox," 4to, all in one volume. A remark- 
able feature of this copy is that all the parts are 
entirely uncut. Of another celebrated book also 
translated and printed by Caxton, Kaoul le Fevre's 
" Destruction of Troy," the eleventh edition, Lon- 
don, 1684, black letter, is in this collection. The 
penultimate book is Kobert Grould's " Poems, chiefly 
consisting of Satyrs and Satyrical Epistles," London, 
1689, and the last is " Don Juan Lamberto ; or a Comi- 
cal History of our Late Times," in two parts, by Monte- 
lion, Knight of the Oracle, etc., London, 1695. It has 
been set down as the work of Thomas Flatman, and is 
also attributed to Milton's nephew, John Philips. 
There were several editions before this one, and it has 
been reprinted in Somers' " Collection of Tracts." Our 
notice of the early poetry has been so extensive that 
we must perforce be brief in dealing with the poetical 
productions of modem times. First, then, we have 
a fine copy of the first edition of Bishop Percy's 
*' Reliques of Ancient Poetry," 3 volumes, 1764 ; 
Samuel Eogers's *' Poems " and " Italy," illustrated by 
Stothard and Turner, 1830-34, two beautiful volumes; 
the very rare volume by Lord B^Ton "Poems on 
Various Occasions," privately printed at Newark in 
1807, shortly before the publication of the "Hours of 
Idleness " in the same year ; Byron's Poetical Works, 
8 volumes, and Life, 3 volumes, with illustrations 
by Finden, Turner, Stanfield, and others — an edition 
difficult to get with the illustrations ; a facsimile of the 
manuscript of Keble's " Christian Year." It was pro- 
hibited before publication, and consequently no copies 
got into the market. Mr. Young owes his copy to an 
accidental source. Smith's " Ledbury and Wassail 
Bowl," first edition, and illustrated by Leech ; many edi- 
tions of Tennyson's works, and the tract issued byHotten 
in 1802 containing the lines omitted in editions of the 
poet's works issued subsequent to 1 830. This,a8 has been 
mentioned before, was suppressed and the publisher fined. 



MR. YOUNG'S LIBRARY. 425 

In this collection there is also a full set of Mr. Payne 
Colliers valuable reprints of Early English Poetry, 
including his 4to Shakespeare completed shortly before 
his death. 

In Scottish Poetry Mr. Young has some exceedingly 
interesting and choice things. Taking them chrono- 
logically, our earliest author is Sir William Alexander, 
Earl of Stirling, of whose works Mr. Young has five 
volumes representing four works. The earliest is his 
^' Aurora; containing the first fancies of the authors 
youth," London, printed by Richard Field, 1604. It 
is the only edition. In the authors works, 1637, the 
'' Aurora " is left out. The next work is " The Mon- 
archicke Tragedies ; Croesus, Darius, The Alex- 
andrcean, lulius Caesar," London, printed by Valentine 
Simmes for Ed. Blovnt, 1607 ; it is the second edition. 
Mr. Young has also the third, issued in 1616, 12mo. 
The third differs considerably from either of the 
previous editions. It is priced at £21 in the Bibl. 
Anglo-Poet. The next by date is " Doomesday ; or, 
the Great Day of the Lord's ludgement." Printed by 
Andro Hart, Edinburgh, 1614. In the same year an 
edition appeared at London, but it was only the Edin- 
burgh edition with a new title-page. A rare volume, 
and one full of interest to West Country book lovers, 
is the first edition of Zachary Boyd's " Last Battell of 
the Soule in Death," printed at Edinburgh by the 
heires of Andro Hart, 1629. This work has been 
mentioned several times in this volume already, and 
it will therefore be suflScient to say that Mr. Young's 
is a fine copy. Mr. Young has also Boyd's fulsome 
panegyric on Charles the First, the full title of which 
is " Rex Pater Patriae instar Pelicani liberos suos 
fovere debet, ad Carolum Regem Oratio Panegyrica, a 
Zaccharia Bodio ; Edinburghi, Excudebat J. Wreit- 
toun, 1633." This is of great rarity. Drummond of 
Hawthornden is represented by his poems, London, 
1659, and several modem editions. A very fine copy 



42(5 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

of Barbour's ** Bruce " is in the collection ; it is from 
the press of Robert Sanders; Glasgow, printer to the 
City and University, 1 672, 12mo, black letter. Sanders 
was a good printer, and this edition of Barbour is per- 
haps the best specimen of his work. It is not the 
earliest copy of Barbour in the library, as there is that 
printed by Andrew Anderson at Edinburgh in 1670. 
There is also the copy which previously belonged to 
George Chalmers of William Lithgow's edition of 
" Blind Harry's Actis and Deids of Sir William 
Wallace,'' Edinburgh, 1648, black letter. Two edition& 
of Sir David Lyndsay's works, both printed at Glas- 
gow, the first in 1696 by Robert Sanders, senior, and 
the second by Robert Sanders, junior, in 1712, the 
former a black letter, enrich the collection. There is 
also an English edition of Sir David Lyndsay's " A 
Dialogue between Experience and a Courtier of the 
Miserable state of the Worlde ; Compiled in the Scot- 
tish tung by Sir David Lyndsay, Knight, a man of 
great learning and science. First turned and made 
perfect English, and now the second time corrected 
and amended according to the first copie. 1 mprinted at 
London in Newgat Market, within the New Rentes, by 
Thomas Purfoot, an. dom. 1581," black letter. An- 
other issue of the Sanders press is the " New Wife of 
Beath," 1705, black letter, eleven leaves, a localization 
of Chaucer's **Wife of Bath." We will but mention 
the following books, which, although to be found in 
many other libraries, are yet here in so fine a condition 
as to deserve notice : — Thomson's Orpheus Caledonius, 
London, 1733, 2 volumes; Johnson's Scots Musical 
Museum, 4 volumes ; Ramsay's Gentle Shepherds 
Glasgow, 1758; Tea-table Miscellany, 2 volumes, 
1775 ; Evergreen, 2 volumes, Edin., 1761 ; Herds 
Scottish Songs, etc., 1776 ; Poetical Museum, published 
by Caw at Hawick, 1 784 ; Morison's edition of Scottish 
Ballads, Perth, 1790 ; Dalyell's Poems of the Six- 
teenth Century, 2 volumes, Edinburgh, 1801 ; Ley- 



MR. YOUNG'S LIBRARY. VlT 

den's edition of The Complaynt of Scotland, Edin- 
burgh, 1801, large paper copy; Macpherson's edition 
of Wyntoun's Chronykill of Scotland, 2 volumes, 1795 ; 
Sibbald's Chronicles of Scottish Poetry, 4 volumes, 
1802, uncut; Gilchrist's Scottish Ballads, 2 volumes^ 
and Songs, Edinburgh, 1815 ; Kinloch's Scottish 
Ballads, 1827, uncut ; Maidment's Scottish Pasquils, 
Edinburgh, 1827-8 ; Poems by a Journeyman Mason, 
Inverness, 1829; Court of Session Garland, 1839; 
bound with this is Edinburgh, a poem, and the Thistle, 
] 840, which is very rare, with the names of the persons 
mentioned in the poem filled in ; Alexander Scott'& 
Poems, Glasgow, 1882, one of six on vellum, most 
beautifully bound in morocco by Kamage ; Pinkerton's 
Ancient Scottish Poems, Ballads, and Tragic Poems, 
7 volumes. We have reserved for the last a plum — a 
first edition of Burns's Poems. The circumstances of 
its publication are narrated in the chapter dealing with 
Mr. Gray's library, and it will be sufficient to say here 
that Mr. Young's copy is a beautiful one and in every 
way perfect. Fine uncut copies of the second and 
third editions are also in the collection. 

Leaving the realms of Poetry at last, we may now 
bestow a glance on History, which, however much 
imagination may occasionally enter into its composi- 
tion, has little to do with the divine art of Poesy. 
Of great value and interest is a very fine copy of the 
first edition of Holinshed's Chronicles of Englande, 
Scotlande, and Irelande, London, 1577, 2 volumes, 
folio. It contains numerous woodcuts, and is very 
much different from the second and several sub- 
sequent editions, which are castrated and otherwise 
altered. It is this book, and this edition of it, 
that Shakespeare is said to have used — not a reliable 
guide, certainly — and it has therefore obtained the 
name of " the Shakespeare edition." The other Scot- 
tish historical books may be grouped; they are — 
(Jordon's Itinerarium Septrionale, 1726, with Sup- 



428 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW. 

plements, 1732 ; several volumes of the Maitland Club 
publications ; the Cartulary t)f Cambuskenneth ; 
Chalmers's Caledonia, large paper copy ; Gregory's 
Highlands and Islands; Lauder s Moray FloooB, 
Ure's Rutherglen and East Kilbride ; the Pro- 
ceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 
and of the Ayr and Wigtonshire Archaeological 
Society; and the National Alanuscripts of Scotland, 
3 volumes, folio. The Biographical and miscel- 
laneous Scottish books include — a fine uncut copy of 
Hume's House of Douglas and Angus, 2 volumes, 
1748; Malcolm's Geneological Memoirs of the House 
of Drummond; Memorie of the Somervilles, uncut 
copy ; Anderson's History of the House of Hamilton, 
large paper ; Fraser's costly works on the families of 
Lennox, Colquhoun, the Booke of Cferlaverock, Max- 
well of Pollok, and The Montgomeries ; also the 
Bruces and the Comyns ; Kay's Edinburgh Portraits, 
both editions ; first edition of the Lives of the 
Lindsays, 4 volumes ; a large paper uncut copy of the 
Miscellanea Scotica, 4 volumes. We note also a copy 
of the first edition of M'Ure's View of the City of 
Glafjgow, than which no finer copy exists. It is perfect, 
which means that it contains the portrait of M'Ure, 
the Arms of the City, and the two folding plates, 
which are rarely all to be found in copies, and the 
Dedication (not paged) to the Duke of Argyll, placed 
near the end of the volume ; a large thick paper copy 
of the reprint of M'Ure's View ; an uncut copy of 
Gibson's History of Glasgow, with map ; uncut copies 
of the first, second, and third editions of Denholm's 
History of Glasgow ; Brown's History of Glasgow ; 
Stuart's Views and Notices of Glasgow ; first editions, 
uncut, of the Memorabilia of Glasgow ; and Strang's 
Glasgow and its Clubs ; a large paper copy of Mac- 
george's Old Glasgow ; the Old Country Houses of 
the Glasgow Gentry ; the Old College ; and the Glas- 
gow Directory for the years 1811, 1815, 1816, 1817, 



MR. YOUNG'S LIBRARY. 429 

1820, 1821. Before finally quitting Scottish literature 
three works of a miscellaneous description require 
mention — Lawes and Acts of Scotland, printed by 
Waldgravo, Edinburgh, 1597; Jamieson's Scottish 
Dictionary, first edition, 4 volumes ; and a large paper 
uncut copy of Henderson's Scottish Proverbs, with 
addenda, in the original paper boards. Ritson's 
Spartan Manual, Glasgow, 1873, deserves mention 
as a fine piece of printing, and also because this copy 
is on vellum, the only one so printed. 

A fine copy of the '* Chronicle of England," printed 
in 1528 by Wynken de Worde, is our first work in 
General History. Caxton was the printer of the first 
and De Worde of the second edition of Raunulph 
Higden's *^ Poly chrony con ; conteynyng the Berynges 
and Dedes of many Tymes," translated into English by 
John de Trevisa, a Benedictine monk, of which the 
third edition is in this collection. It issued from the 
3ress of Peter Treueris, Southwerke, 1527, folio, black 
etter, and is a reprint page for page of De Worde's 
edition, but with the edition of some woodcuts. Of 
Hakluyt's '^Account of the Principal Navigations, 
Voyages, and Discoveries made by the English Nation," 
we note the first edition, London, 1589, folio, a very 
rare book ; also the first edition of Grafton's ** Chronicle 
at Large, and meere History of the AfFayres of Eng- 
lande and Kinges of the same," London, 2 volumes 
bound in one, 1568, 1569, folio; first and only edition 
of Reynolds ** Chronicle of all the noble Emperours of 
the Romaines from lulius Caesar to Maximilian, with 
the great Warres of lulius Caesar and Pompeius 
Magnus," London, 1 571 ; Fynes Moryson's '* Itinerary, 
containing his Ten Yeeres' Travel through Germany, 
Bohmerland, Switzerland, Netherland, Denmark, 
Poland, Italy, Turkey, France, England, Scotland, 
and Ireland," London, 1617, folio. Sir William 
Dugdale's " History of St. Pauls Cathedral," London, 
1 658, folio, first edition, " valued on account of contain- 



430 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASOOW. 

ing better impressions of the plates, several of which 
{Nos. 5, 6y 9, 11) were lost and re-executed for the later 
edition by an inferior artist Nos. 7 and 10 are omitted 
in the second edition." — (Lowndes' Bib. Man., Bohn's 
Ed.). A very curious and interesting work is John 
Weaver's "Ancient Fvneral Monvments within the 
Vnited Monarchic of Great Britaine, Ireland, and the 
Islands adiacent, etc./' London, 1631. A manuscript 
of the work containing matter not printed in the book 
is in Somerset House. The index is often wanting, but 
this copy has it. A second edition was published in 
1661, and a third in 1767. A book of a similar kind is 
Robert Monteith's "Theater of Mortality; or, the 
Illustrious Inscriptions extant upon the Monuments in 
the Gray Friars Church Yard, etc., in Edinburgh and 
its suburbs," Edinburgh, 1 704. A further ** Collection 
of Funeral Inscriptions over Scotland," Edinburgh, 
1713, 2 volumes in one. The next book is " The Most 
Notable Antiquity of Great Britain, vulgarly called 
Stone-Heng, on Salisbury Plain, restored by Inigo 
Jones, etc.," London, 1725, folio. Fine copies are in 
this collection of Nisbet's '* Heraldry," 2 volumes, 1816; 
^'Life and Typography of Caxton," by Blades, 2 
volumes, 1861; Strutt's "Dresses and Habits of the 
People of England," 2 volumes, large paper, with 
illuminated edges ; Hazlewood's reprint of " Painter's 
Palace of Pleasure"; Lacroix's beautiful works on 
French Costume and Customs; Stirling's "Artists 
of Spain"; uncut copy of "Punch and Judy," illus- 
trated by Cruikshank, first impressions of the plates: 
Pickering's fine edition of Walton's "Angler'*; 
Phaers "Regiment of Life," 1553, and Dr. Peter 
Lowe's " Chirurgerie," London, 1612. A very early 
work of a semi-medical nature is the "Judycyall 
of Uryns," supposed to be printed by Wynken de 
Worde about 1512 — there are few copies of it extant. 
The departn)ent of Law includes the following early 
works : — " Boke of the Justyces of Peas," printed by 



MR YO UNO'S LIBRARY. 431 

Wynken de Worde in 1506; *'Natura Brevium/' 
printed by Pynson ; Abraham Fraunce's " Lawiers 
Logicke," London, 1588 ; *'The Mirrour of Policie : a 
Worke no lesse profitable than necessary for all Maoris- 
trates and Governors of Estates and Commonweals," 
London, 1594; and a fine copy of the "Letters of 
Junius," printed by Bensley, with portraits and en- 
graved title-pages. Charles Johnson's "History of 
the Lives and Actions of the most famous Highway- 
men, Murderers, Street-Robbers, etc.," London, 1734, 
folio, may also be included in this class. 

In Fiction wehaveSkelton's"The First English Trans- 
lation of Don Quixote," London, 1612-20, 2 volumes; 
the first edition of " Robinson Crusoe," London, 
1719-20, 3 volumes, also an edition published in 1820, 
with plates by Stothard, 2 volumes, large 8vo ; the 
first edition of ** Gulliver's Travels," London, 3 volumes, 
1726-7; the first edition of Lane's "Thousand and 
One Nights' Entertainment," 1839; and the Villon 
Society's edition of the same. 

Of the works of Classical writers in this library 
the following are the most notable: — " Quintillan," 
printed by Aldus in 1514; " Thucydides," translated 
by Niccols, London, 1550; Gawin Douglas's trans- 
lation into Scottish metre of Virgil's " -^Eneid," 
London, 1553; Phaer's translation of the "-^neid," 
the first edition, London, 1558, and another edition 
<lated London, 1607; Nicholas Hawarde's "Translation 
of the Roman Chronicle of Eutropius," London, 1664; 
*' Seneca: his Tenne Tragedies, translated into Engylsh," 
London, 1581, black letter — the editor of this volume 
was Thomas Newton ; "The Whole Works of Homer," 
translated by Chapman, London, printed by Nathaniel 
Butter about 1616, folio; "The Three Orations of 
Demosthenes, chief orator among the Grecians, in 
fauour of the Olynthians, with those his fower Orations 
against King Philip of Macedonie, Englished out of 
Greeke by Thomas Wylson," London, 1570 ; and the 



432 THE LIBRARIES OF GLASGOW, 

" Electra of Sophocles," translated by Charles Wace, 
printed at the Hague, 1649 — this copy contains the 
portraits of Charles II. and the Princess Elizabeth, 
which are only in a few copies. 

One last paragraph dealing with some works of a 
miscellaneous kind and we will have done. " Praise 
of Folic/' by Erasmus, London, 1549; Bishop's 
*' Beautiful Blossoms," London, 1577; the first 
English edition of Montaigne's "Essays," London, 
1603, folio ; a fine set of the works of Joseph Kitson ; 
first editions of Hood's "Up the Rhine"; "Whims 
and Oddities, and Whimsicalities ;" " The Retro- 
spective Review," 18 volumes; Dibdin's "Biblio- 
mania"; " Bibliographical Decameron"; "Bibliotheca 
Spenceriana" ; "Aedes Althorpianae " ; the " Cassano 
Catalogue" ; " Bibliographical, Antiquarian, and Pic- 
turesque Tour in France and Germany " ; " Biblio- 
graphical, Antiquarian, and Picturesque Tour in the 
Northern Counties of England and of Scotland " ; 
**The Library Companion," second edition, large paper; 
"' Reminiscences of a Literary Life" ; and his edition 
of "The Typographical Antiquities of Ames and 
Herbert" form a fitting conclusion to this account of 
a remarkably well -selected, valuable, and handsome 
library. 



INDEX. 



Aaron, P., sec Aroii P. 
Abaiio, Petri IS de, 190. 
AWwt'^ford Club publicati(m.«», 2-1, 10-.^ lOS, 220, 

24:5, 341. 
Abell, J., Songs, ISO. 
Alwrdcen's first printer, E. Haban, 2^, IhT, 202, 

20:>, 205, 2:JS. 400. Otlicr printers, 113, 202, 200. 
Aberdeen Breviary, :\.i\). 
Actors, estimation of in Scot, in 18th century, 



22.'). 



Adagios, ProvcrbioH, ete., V. R. I. L. E. L., 3!>y. 

Adam Bel. Clym of the- Cloughe, .'ijJ. 

Adam, Alex, (JLih. printer, US. 

Adam. Jean. Miscellany Poems, 270. 

Adams, Janjc^, na-m. com. Mit. Libv., lOi^. 

Adams, Holior^, xs.sist. Mit. Liby., 113. 

Adatnson, Iknry, Musew Threnodit;, HZ7. 

Ad.unson, .John, Muse'.s Welc<.'mc, :J:C. 

Adamson, Patrick, Poemala Sacra, 203. 

.Vdlun^, J., IH. 

Advocate's Liby., Edin., 24, 322. 

vKsohvlus, printed by Aldus, 21^ ; by Stei»hanus, 
2 IS. 

iEsop's Fal)lcs, 3.')7, .'580 ; also c(»nsvlt references 
given at Bewick. 

Agricola, M., Musiea In.•^tnnuentaliM. 182. 

Agrippa, C, Lji i*}ali)soi)hit; Occulte, an«l other 
Works, 21(5. 

Ainslie, H.. Pilgrimage to Land <.f Bums, 340, 301>. 

Ainslie, Bobtrt, friend of Burn.s, 340. 

Ainswurth, II., P.>.alm», ISS. 

Aitkenhuad, Thomas, pami)hlets on ca.se of, 3St, 

Alb mus. or the Poetical Tour, :Hi7. 

Albcrti, Leon B. de, De Ke Acdificatoria, IK). 

Albcrtus M.-^ignus, Ik- JSecretis I'.tO. 

Albiun, Daughter^ of. Blake, 202. 

AlbnH-ht->bergi;r. J. (J., IM. 

Album containing writing.*- by Longfellow, Swin- 
burne, and others, 3<»'i-4. 

Alchemical work.-,. 20, ll»4, 20S-13. 

Alciatu.s. Kmbleuiata, Ji3, 42L 

Aldine .-series ..f Poets, 21, L'40, 2t;4, .^2<?, 3i!0. 

Altiu.*,, Venetian jirinter, 1im, li'7, lOS, 203, 210, 
218,431. 

Alexander. Margaret, her Duik, ".SO. 

Aleyn's Henry VII., :;3.0, :iH7 ; «.th< r workh, 3.">7. 

Albn, David, the ^^c«)tti.sh Ilo-aitli, 140. 

-Mian, I).. Views of Ulas-ow. 2.s.'i, 3sl. 

Allot, Rolx;rt, Lnjiland's Paniab.su.-*, etc., 410, 420. 

Almanacs. 1»0. lO^, 312, ;;21-22. 

Alps, works on the, 2i<. ;<13. 

Ambros, A. W., Geschichte, l&O. 

American Pwilmody, l.s.s, 

Amiens Cathedral, views of, 325. 

Ana, collection of, 390-400. 

Anacrcon, 21 ^. 

Andcr.son, Andrew. Glas. printer, 148, 420. 

Anderson, George, first printer in GLis., 20, 147, 
14S, 151, 203, 284, 301. 

Ander.'Jon's r)ii)lomata Scotiac, 10*^, 154, 15S, 228. 

Andersion's House of Hamilttm. 15i'. 220, 428. 

Anderson's Brit. Topo(n*a|'hy. 24. 227. 

Anderson, William. Paisley pubbMicr, 381. 

Anderson's University, 17ri, 177. 

Andrea, V., Mytholog'ia Christiana, 215. 

Anecdotal literature, 30, 300-400. 

Anglipg, hooks on, 20, 117, 103. 

Anguilbert's Mensa Philo.sophic^i, 19G. 

Annual Tour, Turner, 205. 

Ante-Niccnc Christian Lihrarv, 10, 07, SOl*. 



28 



Ant i -Jacobin, 230. 

Antiquaries of Scotland, proceedings, 16S, 260, 

841, 400, 428. 
Apixaritions, books on, 210. 
Aquinas, Thomas, S'.i. 
Arabian Nights' Entertainments, Lane's ed., 110, 

207, 303, 332, 431 ; Vill«»u Soo, ed., 30, 2»J7, 303, 

321, 43L 
Aratus' works (T^forel), 218. 
Arber's Reprints, 20. 122, 107, 2S0, 300. 
Arbroath, Round about the Round (), 241. 
Arl'Uthnot Missid, 109, 220. 
Arcadelt, J.. Madrisjals, 189. 
Arcanum, The, 375. 
Archreologia Scotica, 111, 158. 
Architecture, hooks on, 117, 102. 
Argalus and Parth^nia, 38i^. 
Argylc, Arch., l^t Marq. of, acd his Countess, 

284, 280. 
Ar^yle, Duke of, letter to Dr. Strang, 328. 
Ariosto's Orlando Furioso, 03. 
Anstaonctus' works, (Planting, 218. 
Aristot'c's works in Stir. Liby., 30, 74. 
Anie, T. A., Juditli, 185, 100,* 101. 
Aniois. Countess D', H'story of Muck-Beth, 370. 
Arnold, J.. K.*..sex Harmony, 190. 
Arnold, Matthew, works, 322. 
Aniolil, Sumuel, Redemption, 185; CathednU 

Music, 1«0. 
Aron, P., T«»8cancIIo. 182. 
Art, Fine, 28, 117, 125, 130, 140, 168, 101-2, 200-'', 

320, 325-0, 345-0, 302. 
Arts, Uhcful, 104. 
Arte of English Poesic, 414. 
Artcaga, 8, 180. 
Arthur, King, Hi-torj' of, 100. 
Arfhur, Pmf., MS. copy of Lectures, 12S. 
Arundel Society Publications, 362. 
A.scanius, or tlie Yomig Adventurer, 377. 
Ashmole, Elias. works, 210, 212. 
Asia. Centml. works on, 313. 
Asioli, B., 1S4. 

As^aying of Metals, books on, 213. 
As.-emblv, Oenoral, Proceedings of, Glos., li»3S, 

iinil Edin., 1030, MSS., M. 
As.stmbly, Dccl intion of the, Glas., 1G38, 146, 203. 
Astrology, bwoks on, 215. 
Astnmomy, b<K»k« on, 117, 164. 
Atkinson, 'Tlios., 287-S8. 
Aubrey, John, Misccllanios, 210. 
Auchinlcck Press, work^ issued at, 229, 258, 281. 
Aud-lej''s Arts of Jajvan, 101. 
Atigurcllo, Cumiina, AilofGoldmaklng. 197,210. 
Auld, William, lib. of Stir. Liby., 71, 72, 99. 
Austin's Naps ufKin Parnassus, .357. 
Autographs, 30, 128. 130, 152, 102, 196, 230, 258-02, 

273, 280. 281, 303-4, MS, 384, 407. 
Avlson, C, 186. 

A.^T and Wigtonshirc Arch. Absoc, 341, 428. 
Akcvcdo, A., F. David, 181. 

Bach, J. S., 181. 185. 

Bacon, Roger, alchemical works, 205, 212. 

Bailey's Fustus, let ed., 240, 273. 

Baiicy's Northern Directory, 2,'iO. 

Baui. Sir James, mem. com. Mit. Liby., 103 ; 

opens Mit. Liby., US : don. tu Mit. Liby., 120 ; 

on sx>irit uali.sm*, 288. 
Baini, G., Palestrinji, 182. 
Baird, Agues, refutations of Clcland, 28«J. 



INDEX. 

Btrch'a Uvci 



BilUHdit. BoUecttuni ul. UH, nfiO-flO, AT!. 
bilDiuiim, Dr., «r BHr ! Jhy. fcO. WL' 
Buiiiutuia nub PubUialiupi, «, US, 1», 

SOT, S«. »11. :;41. 
"Baaniir^- M^, Q^I ty Munluch, 333. 



irith port, br IloabnkCB. 1«1, 1 

trcuLll,"r-Iricii.'ll3, 



■ea. 'ii'DlUab.lilH-kH Ml, :!^. 

rat ar; 

t: T., nil. .J Mrt, Liiif., Sj. Hi 









1 I.|[.', KM- tiWlc 



Mill.. ±1 



ids Bui;. H., Hejortmr, VH. 

BUnDCirbauMt. TfanoiM. tIS. 

BUnd HuT]', HH Hsiuy tha Minrtnl. 

J11»cli's oonnnUi^IU ntlli )l'1kir, ^-.T 

IIIul>ilctu,A.L. 1W |-iJ»trfu, I«2. 
' blur-lwihs. llS,3a. 
• &vutBD'iKb*kHps>mI«>rlntltf, Ml''. 
1 It'tCrhflrTa IkMiMi^>Ml, »'>!. 
' I«K)ui.Flklluf1'TklW,4LJ. 

UodenJiun'iiklvElan.:'."- 
.' BocrbuViWiniiniU hcmiM, Sin. 



<Ubl >r .r 



IMI'.Awx vfllKuhnw *, «ft 

Bull. M., I^iriu.r ■■! *iU-,t siirlli,-, :- 
Ik'll. U'IIIihtii. CJii iiriiiti r. I li 



IbTlKvI. II. l^^ 



; AnRU, JMIIs. dan. luHtlr. Uty.. 7S. n. )•(:: vtn- 

pn<.iJdT.UbT..«0. 
. Buiflc H,>1it^.,«ilMr*>tfi'Dll>tlor(iliv.Ai«niM]r 

■ Hi-ii™. MK. M. 

, Bosle.Wni. (Ut SSr l.ll>y..:i- 
B«(i>-ri >b>cuun<li'ht<.>n.-ii,'n>.Sl^ 
Bdhn'a YunlKa l*ruT>.-rtw, StM; Ilandbuok ot 

' Butildlcu.V A. }*l.in. 
, UulliU]d>u.Ai?Ullurt"nuu. Itil. 
> Uuiwr nMW.,aulB„ ST.i. 
Itwik'i'i l».vliiii:o'ii<i';ilil<h' viihaiijrvvuration. 

I LdtMaUUty ^, A. 
' ftn^hiiiitiR'. dJiim-l llu-. 11' l<^. V^TS. 
), li>vlE-iiuiln«a, i. 

■ lb.>k«Uu •.ii^i^K I'.iKi I-uiihI In tilatsDv. 



I i!..>rtl "fTT'tlm.;. 1 



INDEX. 



435 



Boyd, Rev. Zaoliary, 2G; auto., 196; sketch of, 
2.>0-l ; moot iiiLfwi til Cromwell, 301 ; Last Battcll 
of the 8oulc, IfViS issue, -J*}-?, 19"), 202, 204, 250-3, 
.'J42-;l, MW, 1G29 iHsuo, 26-7, 232, 2Sy, 342-3, 425; 
Cloare Form Df Catoch'siug, 2<!, 283-4 ; Four 
Letters of Comfort, 2(1, 3«51 ; Panejifyric to 
Charles L. I'.r,, 425; Zion's Flowers, 251; Two 
Communion Sermons. 'M\\. 

Brady's Varieties of Literature, 31>7. 

Brand's Orkney, :;70, 402. 

Bnindfs .Ship of P.tols, .'^.^O. 412. 

Bnish and Hui-l's pi^etry, 14:;, 2ii5, 249, 277, 343. 

Brathwaite'fl works, :i;{4, .*J57. 

Bmy, .Mrs., Handel, Ibl. 

Brenilel, F., isO. 

British Museum, 24, 125, 129, lfi2, 291, 3M, 385. 

British theatre, 311. 

Britton's Architeetural Antiquities, 97. 

Broadsides, eollections of, 28, 233, 2vS2-3, 2s9. 

Brockett. J. T.. 33S. 

Brodie, Will., dir. Stir. Liby.. 71. 

Brome's Covent (larden Drollery, 423. 

Bromhall's Treatise f>f S])eetres, 216. 

Brown, Alex., dir. Stir. Lil)y., 43, 44. 

Brown. llui,di, (Jlas. printer, 122, 14>>; mis-si)ells 
his name, 274-5. 

Brown, James I)., assist. Mit. Liby., 113. 

Brown, Wdliam, mem. eom. Mit. Liby., 101. 

lirown, Wm., psalm times. 187. 

Brown's Histoiy of Gl.is., 42S. 

Bniwnin^', Ui)bert, works, 301, 310, 35S. 

Brucos and the Comj-n^. 109, 22»?, 242, 265, 42S. 

Bruee, Michael, jvooms, 277, S40. 

Bruce, Michael, sermons, .374. 

Bruce, life and acts of, by Biirbour and others, 
22. 202, 204, 222, 2t2, 2«>9, 275, 'X^^, 367, 420. 

BruUiofs moiioprammes, 2.'4. 

BruMschwiiij aw distillation, 213. 

Bryee. A. S.. mem. com. Mit. Liby., 174. 

Bryce. John, (ilas. printer, 14S. 

Bryce, J. D., oldest mum. on roll of Stir. Liby. at 
1S?5, 75. 

Bryee i5: I'aterson, Ghis. j»rintcr«, 148. 

Bryskett, L., Mourning Muse, 415. 

Bryson, Bobt., Kdin. ])rinter. 407. 

Bucanicr*. history of the, 3>vO. 

Buchan, Peter, ch:ip.lM>ok«, ballad.<), etc., 225, 231, 
26.'). 27S, r53.-. 310, 3«;0. 

Buchan's St. KiMa, 279. 

Bu''h:inan, (Jeurj^'e, various workfl, 108, 151, 203, 
2;^. 245, 278, 3«i8. 

Bui'liatian, (ieor;fe, dir. Stir. Liby,, 82. 

Bucluunn, Jame-«, Lanark carrier, murdered, .^S4. 

BuchatKin, John, 2"^0, 2M. 

Buihanan, Robert, dir. .Stir. Liby., 71. 

Bucliiiiian's I'amily of Buchanan, 22«i, 279-80. 

Biickhuivit, I.oni, 412. 

Buckle, 11' te of reirariiin^' Marion Laird, ;!75. 

Buiiclc, Thi'iiias, printer and publisher, Ar- 
broatli, 211. 

Biujyan's PiL'rim's I^mgress, 23S, 3S0. 

Bi'.oni Provirrbii It.aliana. .392. 

B'lrckhardfs Anbic I'roverbs, 391. 

|{nr.r«;r's Leonara, Blake, 292. 

Bur^'h Becoids SticietVti publications, 1.74, 229, 
2j;;. :iil. 

Biir^'li> of Scotland, taxation, 1005, MS., 84. 

Burke an-l Hare, triiil. 233, 3a5. 

Burke's Spaiii-'h S.ilt, :!'.»5. 

Burley'^ Pe Vit^i' Philosophonim, 197. 

HurnesH, Jolm, roLative of Bums the poet, 309-70. 

Burnet's Blessedness of the Dead, 270. 

liunu'v, (.'., 1*^0. 

Bums'. Bev. Mr., dir. Stir. Liby., 79. 

liurns, KolxTt, .'{75; tir>t edition of his poems, 
22. 225.0, 4-j7 ; other editions of his works, 23, 
121, 203, 242. 2i;4-5, 277, 300, 310. 339-40, 35vS, 
:;<.'». 427: collection at Mitchell Libmrj-, 22, 
124-5, l.".4-0; facsimile of Cottar's Saturday 



Night, 85 ; Letters to Clarinda, 277, 300, 309 ; 
innucnco of on ScottiMh son^, 241 ; Address to 
the Dell, 277 ; collection of Burusiana formed 
by J. Gould, 128; Burusiana, 2:J, 340, ;J58 ; his 
contemiK»raries, 23, 223, 242. 277, 309 ; centen- 
Hry meetiufjs, 12S ; auto;.'ra]ih, 200 ; his father's 
liandwritinj?, I2S; un])ublished poem by, 2<K) ; 
Maxwell's attack, 383. 

Eurns's Himie, 313. 

Burt«m, J. IL, works, 154, 267, 200, 303, 384. 

Burton, Richard, 378. 

Buabv, T., L^O. 

Butler, r., Princii)le.s of Music, 182. 

Butler's Iludibnis, v.irious e(liti<»ns, 2.'t9, 320. 

Bvrd, W., l*8jilmes, 184 ; Songs of Sun drie Nat ui"C8, 
1S9, 190. 

Bvron, Lord, ix>ems, Newark, 1S07, 20. 290, 424 ; 
'Hours of hlleness, 20, 2;:!, 2'.K>, 330; Lines on 
Hoj)pner, 297 ; Kn^dish Bards, etc., 27.!, 290-7 : 
editions of his other works .and eollcetetl edi- 
tions, 240, 297, 310, 358, 424 ; Byroniaua, 240. 

Cabbala, Books on, 215. 

Caesar. Tonson's ed., 2.'»7. 

Caffi, F., 180. 

Cahier* « I»roverhcs ct Aphorismes, 390. 

Callimaehus, hymns of, Frol>en, 218. 

Calmet sur les Ajiparitioiis, 210. 

Calvin's Commentaries and <»thur worlcs, 1 10, 407- S. 

Calvi.sius, S., Meloinda, 1''2. 

Cambuskenneth, cartulary of, 428. 

Camden's Kemaine.s coneeniin^ Britain, 395. 

Camden Society publications, 319. 

Cameron, A , Glas. printer, 148. 

Camenm, Jolm, works, 202. 

Cameron, Kiehartl, s.rmons, 374. 

Cameron ians, the. :575. 

Camoens' Biimw, 93 ; Lusiad, 357. 

CamjKinolla, 215. 

Campbell. John, of Clathic, dir. Stir. Liby., 43. 

Campbell, Thomas, works, 242, •?77, 295, 300, 368. 

Canon I^aw. treatise on, MS., 83-4. 

Capital and Labour, books on, 101. 

Cardan, Jerome, works, 21.^. 

Car.lonnel's Numismata Scotia', 158, 320 ; Anti- 
quities, 320, 341. 

Carew's jKH'ms, 357. 

Carey. H., Musical Century, 190. 

Car>pH, Donald, 374. 

Carli-ton's Tliankftill Rcmemhrance, 409-10. 

Carlvle.Alex.,conneetion with Home's" Douglas," 
224, 3«'.9. 

Carlyle, Thos., auto., 128, 130. 3»;2 : works, .303. 

Carndchael, A., (Jlas. jirinter, 122, 148. 

Carmichaei, Jas., Canninlum Proverbialum, 
391. 

Cannicliael k Millar, Glas. printers, 14N. 

(•aroline, Queen, trial tif, 34.5. 

Carp-'sni, G., Havdn, IM ; K<iSRiiii, 182. 

Carrick, J. 1)., S'ma Weftianao, 140. 

Carson's pieces concerning St^ot., 371-2. 

CiLsaubon on spirits and witches, 210. 

Case, Dr. J., Angelical Guide, 215. 

CassiodoniB, Historia Ecclesia-stica (1472), 197. 

Castaliimis, iKnigmata, 38$. 

Cjistil-Blsze, K. H.. 180. 

CataloL'ues, first of Stirling's Liby., 45, 46-61 ; form 
adoi.tcri In Mitchell Liby.. 116, 117. 

Catccliisms, 18, 204, 221, 270. 

Cut el, C. S., 1K4. 

Cato, D., Disticha, 390-1. 

Caulfield's ]K»rtraits, 857. 

Caw's Poetical Museum, 241, 388, 372, 426. 

Caxton, 198, 410. 411, 416, 423, 430. 

Colsus, works, 218. 

Cervantes, Don Quixote, 254. 267, 4.31. 

Challenger scientific cxjKidition, 103. 

Chalmers' Caledonia, 243, all, 32*5. :U1, 361, 426. 

Chalmers, Richard, bequest to Mit. Liby., 121-S. 



43G 



INDEX. 



Chalmers, Rev. Dr. T., dir. Stir. Llby., SO. pain- 

plilct on Ijerilic controversy, L"*.0-1. 
ChamlKiw Jlri)therft, various work*! and puUic.i- 

tions of. 229, 242, Mr>, '2r<l, .{72, 'o-^ik 
ChumclcDn, 2is7. 
Chap-bookH, collections of, 2.S, 220-1 , 2:11 , 26.3, 282. 

344, 302, 3H5. 
Chapmnn, George, .3.12, 4.31. 
Chapman, Robert. (Ihm. printer .ind publi-her, 

141. U><, 203 ; Picture of Glas.. 2>i.\ :i7'.>, 
Chipmari & Duncan, 01:ih. printers, MS, :;4:;. 
(;hiirles I., works on, 2i<, 319, 3i}2. 
Cluirlcs, Prince, the .v<nnijf Pretender, 1 km ikiH re- 
lating to, 370-7 ; hi.s jounijil, 370-7. 
(Iianncr. The, 241, 3;W. 
ChatHworth Library, catalognu, 123. 
Cluitterton'h works, 240. 

Chaucer's work-*, cariy e<iitionH, 02, 334, S.'iO, 411. 
Clieniistry. books (in.'li54, l'.»t. 20<»-13. 
Chopinan A; Myilar. first printers in Scot., 3.30. 
Cherry, John, jioems, 371. 
Chernbini, M., IM, 1S4. I'll. 
Chesterfield's Maxims, 3s:{. 
Chevd, E., 184. 
Chevrcnl «m chemistry, 207. 
Child's billads, 204. :J::8. 
Child, W., Psalms, In I. 
Chddren,l>«M»kH f<»r, list nf, 2^8. 
Chlpp, K. T., !«.>. 
Chirtini mcy, bkKiks on, 21.'i. 
Chlswick press inn''.s, 24o. 
Choice sungs an< I ay ruf«, 1 1'O. 
Chladnt, K.. Ih4. 
Cliokra cpideniic, 1S"2 33, statistics renting tn. 

in Gl;is., MS.. IC 
Chopin, v., 181. 
Chorlcy, H. F., ISO. 
Olionm and Fayollc, ISl, 181. 
ChoiKioet, (}., I»0. 
Clirist's Kirk <»n the Gn-en, 3«'>7. 
Christian, <luty of a, ilo. 
Chrysosiom's SL-minns, *<7. 
Chrj-fttal, UoUrt. d'r. Stir. Liby., SS. 
Clmrchvanrs rhipiH-s, ami otiicr wurks, 3.^5. 
Ci'-enVs' w..rks (14'.»2, 14'.hj), si; (l.'.i:0), 11.1; 

Koulls, no, I.'iO. 
Cities, famous, wurks* on, 31.3. 
CLuiH, feuils auii confiicts, 37^. 
Clarindi, ste iiurns. 

Clark, <Jo->ri{e W., sucy.and ilir. Stir. I.iby., 81, >«2. 
<.3ark, Hi-v. .)<i]ni, SiiUif of Sdlnnion in metre, 370. 
Cl.irk, K.. random rhymes. .S'«:^ 
Clark, \Vm.. mom. «.>m. .Mlt. Liby.. pa. 
Cl.i-i»-ii-al wnt'-rs, w.irksi.f. .:(», l.M. -Jlv, ;jji, ^:;l.2 ; 

liriiiti-d by I}r.ttli»:rs Fiuli-, ll'.*. 
t.'l.i*».irt«-ati"n "f tlw b.mk- in th-- lil.r.irios, l»i-17. 
Clas>.iflcatii>n uf iHM.ks in Slir. I.iby., 77 ; in Mit. 

Kiby., ll»;. 
Ckluid's Works on Gla-*., 2V«, 3-_v>. 37!^ map of 

• lias., :;>■•. 
CKland, \Vm.. poem**. 3i'.<, 
CU-mi.-iit, F.. I"*'» ; Mu-^i'iiii- IML'^cni-.'. I'irtlon- 

n lin; Lyrii|in'. 1»»1. 
CK'Vclinds wiirl;«», 3."i7. 
l'li«i ami F.titi rpi', li'O. 
fl.iUil of Witm >-••-. -.ITO. :i7b 
Cl\d»', ili^i utr vou«. uiin^' banks i-f. ;>o. 
('..b»Hi!s |'..liii.Ml U.-;,'H;.r. P.l. 
l."Mi}iran>*, llc\. .Mattlu w, ilir. Stir. I.iby.. S3. 
Coi hnnr <'irn-«i"'iMli ii.i', MS. h u-r-*, :.41. 
r*(.in'y, Wm.. >., .-y. stir. I.it)y.. 71. **1. 
l"i.\'iiMis, T»li iilii.ri'.m. 1?'.J. 
(.'o.'.ringtoii, ({.. :'..i(,. 
Col. ni.tnV Ml ^v Fi. 1I-. "1::. 
(ill) lulifc s. S. r,. \N..ii;^. \'\, :.01. .:2r'.. ;■..*.•<. 
Tolln. r "4 ifpnnt-. .m-t on^iii.d wurk*., i'.«. 20, :'■»». 

liOO, 310. :■.:!.■.. :;: 0. \'2\ 
Collins. John, .'^p.inish proverb*. ::04. 
Cyllins, Sir Win., meu cvui, Mlt. Liby . 103. 171. 



Colquhonn, Pallic, mem. com. Mit. Llby., 10S. 
Colquhoiin, Jamcn, dlr. of Stir. Liby., S3 ; mem. 

of Mit. Liby., 174. 
Colvil'B WhiggB Supplicjitlnn, 2ftS. n«'.7. 
Comes Amohs, llK). 
Comet, Htcamor. loss of. 37'.'. 
Commerce, books on, IHL 
Commonn, Iluuse, MS. JnL of, $5. 
Commonwealth, works on the, 3''i2. 
Compla\-nt of ScotLind. 203. 223, 26.% 358, 427. 
Conenofogv, works on, 310-7. 
Confession of Faith, 18. i:i3, 2.37, 2*W, 407. 
Conington's Analysis (chemistry). 213. 
(.'oinial, Mich,iel, vicc-preM. and dir. St'r. Libr., 

80, 81. b2 ; at oiK-ning Mit. Llby., US, 
Constable, David, 3:W. 
C«x»kcry, iHiiks on, 1«'4. 
('ook'ri Uuautifnl Svawveib*, ItiS. 
CooiHir. catalogue, chemistrj*, :.-0T. 
Coraie CunsUmt ni, ISO. 
Conliiiera Antiquttirs of Se<it., 1"-S. 
Corelli, A., Concertos, p.»2. 
Co.st:i, Sir M., iN'i. 
CouncilI<irs in thi-ir cups, 3S3. 
Couperin. F., P.>2. 

Court of St'ssiiin (rarbuid, 242, 276, 427. 
Coussetnaki-r, c., i>.o. 
Covenanters. |»osters, broadside*, etc. on, 229, 

2>!» ; IvHik", 304, 3r.".-4 ; sermon^ by, 374. 
Cowan. Dr., dir. Stir. Liby., SO. 
C<»w|i«-r*s Works. 3."»'<. 
Crugie, ii;iilie, liir. Stir. Llby., 7?. 
Cniiiicr. C. F.. Motirt. 1^2. 
l'ra]K.-li.'t's provcrlx.'", :.'.»4. 
Cniwford, .Vrch., l'ai<luy publisher, I'.M. 
Cr.iwf.ifil, 'Ihom.i.s, Gl.is. iiniitvr, 14»<. 
Crawford, W., Fatos of Aktus, :\<^:\. 
Cr.iwf.ii-il s Jk-nfrLW-ihin*, 341, .37;». 
O.iwiurd's IVt-ragi-. l.'ii!. 
Craw>h.iw"s .Step- lo the Temple, XVk 
« reeeh, Jolm, pulilixl.er of Huni»' iioenv*. 22"^ ; 

ktters on l-Min., 37s, 
t'n-i^'htoii, Cajit. John, memoirs of, 370, 
Cneliti»n. The Admirable, 2'«3. 
I'Mmbie'"* M<Mji-ni Athenian^, 2»*'^'. 4«iO. 
Crom.\ell .md Z. lii'yd. :'.»'•}. 
Crii.->kv. J inn i.. 411'. 
Cnitch.'W.. IM. \<», 
Cruik-iunk. Gior^je, w.irks lHii'>tr.itei by, 21*. 

2:i4. 'l.'u, 2i'.7. Jt.-i, :.4."i. 4:«J. 
V ru-.tde-. w..rks.in, M'.*. 
Ciiikoi., odt.- Ill, :;io. 
C>'.iIiMb-n, ilaltlfof, aecnuiit <if. 377. 
( umbirl.in'r^ iliitiNh Dr.im.t, :>.•'■. 
Ciimbi rl.iiitl, Dvjke •»(, journey ••( the army nf, 

Cuiiiiiiin.^, Ik v. .Ixliii, lib. of Stir. I.iby., C*A-i, 

^>0. Jri. 
Cumniin^. I'lion^'iK, {nh-uis, :.S3. 
Cuniiiiin^, 'Ilioiiia'*, iium. ei>m. Mit. Llby., 174. 
CiuiliiT. H. S., dir. anil tic i>. tif Stir, Liliy., 71, &1. 
l*uiiiini^diam'-« S n,:-" of St'-it., ;.'"i'i ; uith iiulo., 

277 ; w.rk". . 'A 
CMiiiiin.,'li:im'o NiU <!w\n. 2">3. 3.h'». 
Cniiiinu'h.im, J. M.. 'Iif. .*^tir. Liby., S".. 
Curil - M.iinek. eti-., :>-7. 
Curw-.n, J«.liii, l-l. 
C'l-in-, W. «;.. 1^'., 
C^trny, «'.. l>4. 

Dd/iriio. •;.. .\r- Si.'nonini, J02. 

I'lli- !1. J. i;.. w.-kx. I'O. 2.*.', 2«»1. 3;."". 42''. 

h.iUlIi„ In i.-ti r. Ilie ^17lii>, .■4««. 

Diuj* 11. .«•-»»» -.If I. »■ rk«, 3 V4. : '-7. 41'.'. 

Piiii-.'x Di'iiii.i ('•-niniedi.i ii4>I>, :*.'-.<^. "thir 

■■-N.. :;il. 
IViri- ii Kxpedilion, tratt- i-n. JOI, '.'»' ; A. Shu M- 

.tt. .7 :. 
D.i.-'.wii, « h.i«.. Work*, ;'47. 



INDEX. 



437 



Diivonant, Sir W., works. 357, 423. 

David, F61iclen, 181. 

DavicH, Sir John, works, 357. 

Davisson'.H Oblatio Salis, anri otlier works, -05. 

Davidon's Poetical Rapsodio, 3:U. 

Day, John, IS-i. 

Dearie, E., 185. 

Decoration, books on, 161. 

Doe, D., Monas Ilieroxlyphicu, 211 ; on Spirits, 

210. 
Defoe's novels, 2«>7; Roljinson Crusoe, .SO, .S02, 

3v%, 431 ; Scottish Church liiKtX)ry, 151 ; works 

on witchcraft, ;'.Gi> ; Caledonia, :i71. 
Dekker's works, ;;57, 417. 
Dolicia; tnusica;, 100. 
Delrio, Disquisitiones, lOfi, 21»;. 
Dcmonology, books on, 215-1(J, 410. 
Demosthents, orations, 431. 
Denliam's antiquarian tricts, :;44-.'i. 
Denhohu'b (Jl.is., 1185, 42S. 
Deinie-Jiaron, D., Cherubini, LSI. 
Desij^n, book>i on, IHl. 
Detichar, Alex., iiritish Crests, 2.14. 
Deuchar, David, etchings, 2.»4, 2}).'>. 
D'Urfev, T., works, 357. 
DiUlin, n. K., LS.s. 
Dibdin, T. F., works, 107, 'I'M, 257, 25S, 2t)7, ."04, 

403, 432. 
Dickens, ('., works, first and other editions, 30, 

257, 2t;7, 2><'.», :{02, 321, ;U7, 403 ; auto., 130, 2fd ; 

letters, ;;0I. 
Dick-^on, Itev. David, explanation of Hebrews, 

202, 2:;7-S, other works, 115, 151, .170. 
Direitorios. iy:r Ghvsgow. 
Disraeli, H., 2^1 ; novels, 2r.7 ; Isaac, 291. 
Distillation, bo.,kson. 21.1. 
Dod-ley's Old riuy.s, 2o4, 311. 
Doune, J., works, 357, 420-1. 
Dort, council of, articles of agreement, MS., tJ4. 
Doughis. < la wain, trans, of llomer, 351-2, 403. 
Douglas and Angus, Hume's house of, 110, 156, 

22o, 2«'.5. 370, 401, 42S. 
Doughts, a i>l.«y. .sVr Homo. 
Ditwl.ind, .!., Mii-rologus, 1.^2. 
Diiyle, Kicli., artist, -'*>5, 
I'r.iuiatic w.irks, collections of, 19, 1»4, 221-2, 

•J3i<, 2«".4, 300, ;\6l. 
Dravt'Ui, .Mivlnel, iH»ems, etc., 334-5, 357, 418. 
Drebbel's De Quinta E-sentia, MS. 207. 
Drumniond of H.awthomden, poems, 340, 425 ; 

History of Scot, 400. 
Dnuiimond's Scottish weajMins, 158, 228, 243, 40*.) ; 

Edinburgli, 22>',400 ; monuments of lona, 22cs-f>, 

40<». 
Du Cange's (;ios»;arhnu, etc., .321. 
Dugd Ues Monasticon Anglicanum, 72, DC ; St. 

Paul, 421). 
Dufrchuoy's Traite stir Ics Apparition.s, etc., 2lt5. 
Innjias, Alex., pt n\ .104. 

Dun, Peter, l.']) and Down in the Lennox, 279. 
Dunbar's i>oems, 242, 278, ".5t>. 
Duncan, A., choir, 1^7. 
Duncan, A., of Lundie, auto., 275. 
Duncan, David, (.il:is. printer, 14S. 
Duncan, J.mics, (.Jlas. printer, 148. 
Duncan, .J. A: A., CJlas. j.rinters, 148. 
Duman, J. iV W., Glixs. printers, 122, 148. 
Duncan, \\. a T., Glas. printers, 148. 
Duncan, T., Oh\i>. printer, :iO«.». 
Dunctn, W.. (jlas. printer, 12(), 148, 203. 
Dimcin, William, jun., Glas. printer, 148. 
DtuuMU & Oi., Glas. i)rinters, 148. 
DtiUtln unan, Lord, 28«», .110. 
Dundee, Vi>eount, memoirs i)f, 374. 
Dunloj), Alex., dir. Stir. Liby, 43. 
Dunlop, A., UK-ni. com. Mit. Liby., 174. 
Dtnilop's Confessions of Faith, etc., 221, 2rt3. 
Dtnni, Willirun, sermon to .Synixi of Gl:w., 2S(J. 
Duns Scotu^. ^M Scotuf, John Duns. 

I 



DtipiuR, T. S., Cathedral miisic, 186. 
Duplesslg, Bibliographie Parpmiologlque, 39G 

quotations from, 388-9 ; oth^r works, 3d4. 
Durham's Clavls Cantici, 204. 
Dutch literature, 200. 
Dykes, Select English Proverbs, 390. 

Early English Text Society, 20, 111, 121, 167, 335, 

361. 
Ecclesiastical history, works on, 19, 159-60, 306-10. 
Edgeumbo, Lord Mount-, ISO. 
Edinburgh, Acts of the Council for suppressing 

vice, 375. 
Edinbui^h Courant, 158. 
Edinburgh Magazine, Oct., 17S6, contains earliest 

notice of the poems ttf Bums, 135. 
Edin (>orough, merchants and trades of, an accompt 

of the debate betwixt, MS., 84. 
Edinburgh Review, 32iJ ; and Byron, 29rt, 3:<6. 
Edinburgh Theatre, usefulness of, etc., 225. 
Ediubui^h, a poem. 427. 

Edmond, J. P., account of Aberdeen printers, 20(> 
Edmonstonc, family of, 226, 2ti0-l. 
Education, books on, 101. 
Edwards, H., Sutherland, 180 ; Rossini, 182. 
Egenolphus, Anthologicii Onomica, 300. 
Egypt, Description de 1', 160. 
Electricity, books on, 163. 
Eliot, George, works, 303, 321. 
Elizabeth, Queen, character of, by De Vega, 93 

portraits of, 254-6, 432. 
Ellerton, J. L., 186. 

Elphinstone, Geo., and his daut. Beatrice, 32. 
Eneycloiwedijis, 1C6-7. 
Engel, Carl, 180. 
Engineering, books on, 120, 164. 
England and Scotland in 1704, 379. 
Pjiigland's Klizii, 355. 
Erard, S. de., 181. 

Erasnnis, Adagiorum, 391 ; Praise of Folic, 432. 
Escudier, 181. 
Essex, witches of, 216. 
Etchings, collection of, 291-5. 
Euing, William, 176, 192 ; dons, to Stir. Liby., 72. 

80, 81, 83, 91. 96 ; \ico-prefl. of Stir. Liby., 80; 

life-mom. of Stir. Liby., 81 ; bequeathes musical 

libv., to Anderson's College, 111, 176 '.duplicates 

in his don. to University acquired by Mit. Liby., 

111. 
Euing Musical Library, 29, 111, 176-193. 
Euripides, Orost^, Foulis, 150; tragedies, Aldus, 

218. 
Eutropius, Roman Chronicle, 431. 
Evax, de Gemmis, 214. 
Kvenird, Dr., 215. 
Exhibition, London, 1851, etc., works on, 162. 

Fabcr, H., Musicam Praticam, 183. 

Faber, N., Melodi» Prudentiause, 100. 

Fabian's Cronycle (163.3), 92. 

Fabricius, Bibliotheca Gneca, 115. 

Faccioiati Lexicon, 321. 

Fairbaim's Ancient Architecture in Glas., 203. 

2,12, 285, 303, 382. 
Fairy tales, 347. 
Faithful, Emily, welcome to the EMncesa of Wales, 

240. 
Falsing of Dooms, Hill, 230. 
FamUy history, Scottibh, 221, 226, 242, 265, 342, 

428. 
Family library, 167. 
Farley's works, 358, 422. 
Fathcni. ^t Maxima Bibliotheca. 
Faust, printer, 88. 
Foji, J., State of Orkney Isles, 402. 
Fergusson. Rev. D., Scots Proverbs, 386, 897-8. 
Ferguson, John, dlr. and sec. Stir. Liby., 81, 8,1. 
Feigus<in, Prof. John, liliy. of, 18, 19,21, 27, 28, 2«.», 

:K), 31, 1U3-219, 365. 



438 



INDEX. 



Per^fftison, R., pooms, 22:^, 277, JW>7-S. 
Fcr^ison, Walter, dir. Stir. I.i])y.. fin. 
Femirioiisis, IVtnis, M:ir:,':irit:i Hreciosfi, "JIO. 
Fctbj, F. J., l&O; luo^TTiiiliio, F.ninl, llimlu, i-ir ; 

Piif^aiiini, Tnulivurius. ls-_», isi. 
Fcvrc's Uvtructiiiii nf Truv. \'1\. 
Fiction, works «.f, ;J0, I'JO, Vj.i, 1«'.<'., 2.'>7, l'«",7, :!J0-1, 

'X'.'l, .H47, WJ2, 4:^1. 
Fiulcliiig'rt Sckvt Proverbs. :is'.». 
Fifteenth ceiittiry iirinling, 1>, Si'i-91, IfJ'i, li'i'.-.S, 

Mr)0-S. 
Filler on C.'heniistry. 207. 
Findliiy, Hubert, ilir. Stir. Liby., 4:;, 44. 
Fine Art. S. Art. 
Fink. Ci. W., 1S4. 
P^nl.'iy'.s Ilellenif Kinu'dum, M??., anil other wurk»«, 

Finlayand M'Laehlan. Prtvcntor. \^'. 

Finl.'i.vKon, Wni., Seotti?»li rliynios, ;4^:t. 

FisluT, Juine". jMienis. iMl'.i. 

Fishert, ]>jok«« nn, 'J'.'. :'.l«"i. 

Fltzj^'Tiild, Kdw:ird, :iO-'. 

Flai<elluni Malitiroruin, 21.'». 

Flatninn*'*. Thiini.is. 1J4. 

Flaxnian, letter ainl poi-nis to. ]iy IJlako. 'l\*'l. 

Flemini.', Dr. ^^^t^.. dir. .^^tir. I.iby.. 71. >0. .'.4^'. 

Fleming:, W , »■. i;iu-jr"W ('•■rpoialion. L'7, -Ji^l-li^. 

Flet<-her, PhiniMf. Purpli' IsLind. •■tc, 41:>--J0. 

Fl(irile({iuni, Kthieo-]Militieinn, 3'^fc-y. 

FluddH works. -Jll, •_M4. 

Forbes, J., Ciiiit'i-*, suntr-*. etc., I'.K), ■J7:i. 

Forbort, Patrick, Kubulus, 'livl. 

FfirNin's Oriental .Mi limirs, •»7. 

Foni'M Paris*jiniMs. ASA. 

Fordiin's Se«»tii limnir in. !'•». 

Foreiin> literal ire. \\{)^\ 

F.irkel, J. N., If-O; Hibli-.th.k and lUn-h. IM. 

FonliM, K. \ A., (ila-. printi rs : eN.iiii]<I>-fl uf 

their ]irintin;^' and W'A'*- nn iln-ir lives. ■_'•-•. '.m;. 

110. u:.. Ill, 1 \^:<0, ii"-, L'u.i. -Jl^. ii7.'.. :Hi:;, ..t:i, 

:\1'1. :i7s. :>i;. 
?'oulis. Anilri'W. jun.. Olax. ]'rinter. I'O. 
Fouque's I'lidine, ilhi«it. by Tiia'keray, .0-. 
Fr.ine<'. work- on, "Vl. 
Fnuu-e'.s I'lHint of Penibroke'«« Ynv-rliurkh. et.-.. 

:$.■■•;. 

Pnmeis, Dauphin of Fruiei-. h» Inii-i and h«'Tn 
l»eli)n;^in.' t<>, I'-rt ; inarria ^' witli Mari'i.'^liiait. 
'_»::(•.. 'JM-:.. 

Fninklanii's Ireture ni'ti-, ehemi-trv. '1\'.''. 

Franklin's Wae tn Htvdtb. ::■'«». 

Fra.-ers. Dr. Wni., rmiily lii^ti-rit-. i':;, lo". ]',•;. 
■.'4 -J. :;iJ. :.'.'H. 4L»». 

Fr.lHiT-"s -.I «<-ll I ^i;^bt. :"i'i. 

FrrUMM'!-'.- I.-iwii-r'-. l,":ri<"'Ki'. IM. 

Fpilin;,'. Sir Kiaii.i-.. Il'i. 

Frei"iin-i>n««. •'•111.:- !■■ Ik* ■•ui i; l>\ . : 71 

Km hi !•. Titrtrii-. l'oi.. 

Frtiii-h i>n fli.<-:i;i iIimm, -Jl I. 

l-'nnrh htiratiin-. iMMi. 

Frciii h arid r^ii-tx alhanii', ;.7v 

Kn VI-., »:.Mi. <i . I-':'. 

I'vi-iiiiM-i" I l.iMiii'-try. t'.r-t Kiuli ^ -d .. JI . 

Fis" li'- IIi]'«"iliinMni. •.u~ . 

Knl!. rV Wurtlii- -. :■''■ ; tJ'-ii "III. 1. 1 l-. ::^7. 

rnll. r Woitbu-. lil v.. :S.:. . 

KmIIiv. 'rh"ni.i--. «iii"Tii-.n"l"_'ii. ■*•'"■. 

Vn\. .1. .1 . M. 

I'-. fi«. A»ib., !«•■• !ii-. ;^ . 

«; i.Iii" llil-b'. V'.iliii-. •■■•hfi '-i -n <f fiitb. '."i'. 

«. ifmi'i- Mn-ii I- 1>! 'vbi."-. \^'-''. Ai.i:' 1 «■:•■'. 1"' : 
Minii<-ii:.i M';-v. "I'ii.i |!i»'i'-.ii|i i,'.-!- ;i". i- 
'U.. MM. . M«.-i- ■ . 1- : : !'• iti . M- -i- . . l-... 

I. .'I ii .1 i: iiii< !■:. - -ii ■ • « • jl I- -. II'. 

(i iibi .i!h. .I'- 1 rs. «.: I-. • ' M.-. r. ; i'. 

«;.hl.i. \ . II Ii ■!: -.I.'-. 1- •■. 

(i dli'UiV, ll«i)-it, 1 ... Ill-, 71. 

K\ I'ltJi-lv l."'i| . •■' i.l- - : ii 't. ■" 



Gardsmc, Alex. , don. of Scottinh poetry to Mit. 

Li>)y.. 127. 1S7. 
Oarlandia, J'KiDnes do, alehcmieal workft, 209. 
CJarth, .1., Iv'.. 

Garvie. W. H.. niem. com. Mit. Liby.. 103. 
<.ia.-ci»iijnc'."» works ■!■"»»•, 412. 
(iasi»erini. A.. Wa-.'ner, 162. 
(iatintlett. II. .1.. 1>5. 
CJaylf'j. r.i-^e-* -tf Con^'ionofi. 271, 3»'.«;. 
*i"elK-r. eheniieal wurks. -JO'". 20'.». 212. 
(Jed-ies. .K-nnv. ind the l.:i:i-i Praver-book, 1?, 4i*, 

'.'4. '.«:., ir.. 1-!, :;.5v 40v 
<ied.lic-, I:In)ili.i. ehnii-t> ^entcneeA uf , :>7.*i. 
titjkie'N fti-h'ni,'-, ;U'"i. 
(lell. .Sir W., R.inie, p.ini|)eiaiia, :113. 
(ielliu««, Aulu4. Wtirks. 21'». 
(iene.dii;,'v. s.* family hi.-tttry. 
(M-i»^'r:i]>hia Seutiae. :S7". 
(Jeid.i^'V. b.Mikrt on. I»"i3, WV'-I. 
(JeiTK'e IV.. :!4.'.. 

Cerin-r. K. L.. Lexiknn der Ti'nkiin>tler. 1>1. 
(iennan liter.ituro. 2o0. 
(ier^l.lnber^n.u^, .\\*\. 
(;«'r>nn. .b^bn. ir»et«<. l'."». 
CJu.-niT. Ik- Kemi^lii«« .S.-ereli*. 2l:i-l4. 
lJeM'niu.«, The>ai.rn- Hebr.i'if. etc.. :-lD. 
«;e'*ta Ibini ini.runi, 201. ;>••. 
(ih'i^t lia^nTin^ C«innv i.'atelicrs. 41"*. 
tJiblK.n. Kilwar-l. ;'.li'.' 
n'iblHin-. <).. I'Xi. 
Gib<i»n. .Iiinii-. nnrii- Librirv. seen red for thfl 

.Mit. LiJ.y., IJ4-:-. i:j:.. 
(Jilisiins lli-ti-rv •■£ tila-^'-.w, ■::2-r.,t. 2".'!. 42*. 
iJilU-rr. W. li.. I v.. 

tliji'liri-t. .^nh.. moni. cni. Mi?. I.iby., 104. 
tlilcliiKt- So'tti-li -I n_'- 1-T..-.. 4_'7. 

• iiIliiT«. Janii-4. (Jbi*. iirinr»»r, 1 4-. 
<:ilnii>i>r. i»:ivi.l, \^i.rks. :.-4. 

«iilniii<ir. H . P.>.aliii->in.,vr^' :istfii<tant, laS. 
<;in_'Mi'ii.-. Pi..-k'inni, Isii. 
i;:.itt<>'>i I'n-.'.H », :.'J'.. 

• Jil-ii -. b.i..K-. i.n. M, 'JiX*. 
(■n>iwiH> 1 A: <".... •_'««:;, 

• ilad-ni'lir. liitlle ..f. 377. 

<;-iii\i: - I».. pr.-i nt-Mtibtj- Kcnnn. r-O. l?7. 

«d invd'e- >i.l lisk-e- i^ni. vtc. 'Jlo. :■■'•»■. 410. 

Uli-^'W. l-....,.»» n-l.^tin._' t«. Ill Siir. l.ibv. . •.•»;. I«.'»-*!: 
ni Mit. I.iJ.y.. 'jr.. 111. 117. I'.'O. I'Jl. 122. 1.:.. !>•.. 
i:;""!!. 1 1»; : in ri-r.>:<«Mn h'-v.. !■.•.. -.■••^ : in 
iiniy hby.. 2;.i H: in fiTiild Ilhy.. ■z\:> ; m Ilill 

I I by., -jo;, ir, M.i.-d.-n.iM liby.". l-'J; 111 Mar- 
...■■•ri.'i. liby.. :;ri.5: ui >r<;n.'r l.'y. .12: m 
.M:ithi.-.i n" lili\., •.\yi:.\ : m .M r[-i!i libv., 
..I.: J : in !{'i-«ill Iibv.. ;v 1 J: ni >1 i. ! U "iby.. 
::».i. . 7n-l, :'.:■.•. :.>(! -.^i. v-. ». : -i : jn V. ui...-l:by \ 
4:: : tv-; |.nii!i:,/ \\i thi- -I's-. ■. 14'- 7. 205, 
•-"l : • .iry |.r::ir;i.. . •.'i-. 1 1'.. Jj-j. TJ- . '. J' " 1. Ji- ., 

».;■ .. ■ '•■. I .'• : i.!«* «;»• lU 1- •k j-mri -i in. i ••• ; 
iiiit«rit-. till*. I rinti »■. '.'Tt: )•:: ■;:. tJ-, i;7 
■'■■'■■. i-'i. r.'-. l-'7. iii-i. i;:-. V' 7. ;:i.. ..'.7-wi 
:;i'.. :j-«» : .i..iiii.d. •.•■••■: M-r.-iry. i;-.. ;;ko ; 
l.«>.'-:in.: i'il:i--. :.'■ , .'.■'. :'.; >'i.:i-.i ."i ; 
t".!".' 111-!- rv. ■_:. ■■..'■•. •'■. 1 so. .I". .•>■.-. ^'..-t-X, 

7«. 4'.^: -Ijr. '.I-.-.-. •.'7. ■-". Vt'. ■.'i'. "-». i^v., 
\>'.'\ i...ti - .ii.d i-'ii.-. .7. ". ,'. .• : .V. f .if 
>_\:i>-.l I'.-r I. vi'. l- .- 1 ;. 'y. ".". ; Ww: 1 ( }.';r. J 

I I-. . -.T. -. • ; : «i :. r i". .\--i uil ;\ ir ir. b •. 
"> I : I- ihii 1 ■- k-. 1*7 ■ |i:! •■■..^,•-11 . ji ». >i J-, ,\^ 

■ .-•1F!,-'|-. S" , 1 '.•■_T ij !.■.. - -f . 1T\ •.« -irl. 1-4. 

III «.'. i-. 1 .-• .iid I :■ -1.!. •>:...'. 1 1 '-.MO- 
1- ■•!■ I -..■. |. ;:-- i-.'M. v..;. •. n u;;. : i_ 47- 

!•' r.;!. :■ .■■ r !-. !!7; .11 . ■■ .: "ly I. ... -. i4-«. 

■..7. I ■- : I, ■ o-' »■ «b;i" I, ".I' ■.*".'. \"'.'. _7. i« "J 
I ■■ . M ■■ ■ - f ■-" :o" I ;]■:•• r."-. ■ ; II. :.i- 

: ; ■ M ..*■.:.■. '. : : ■' . -i- ,•- n«. . • r^? 
I" :■ • .\t. ."•■: I -'.Ml «■ ' :! nv-iV*. ;v7. 

>'..■ v.. . I • I..1..' il -j !• ■•■•. ! ■.:- ,j.«. i7-.. ; 

• "i'x II dl ] ii-Knoiin.' -. b-v 1 ;•: . \A \ -■ !.»i> ,i-J 
- • .-. n-. .'I' I : t •.\3. » .; • /. :;". ■:". : ■ ; 



HuUlieanns' Hiapitul. 1S7. 8aS-4, 400; 
PiiLliL' Library. 73 : populition ill 17U1. Si 
vanity. 111, 115, IW, u». -iia, 33S, ^Hx; 
gmr jfomcr. £i~>; liniiulidikii, SSS; Unln 
Odumiar, .113 ; Unltcrsity Alhiini, 34.1 ; al 

DMIDI 03, -KL 
CfimsunHB. H Dodtknclinrdon, la::. 
Alen.'Win MH. sdie*. y^S. 

Clo-HT, WnJ., ,!)5. 

rtod Have tliB Ouiwn, iir of, 27:!. 



(IopSiti, li 



CillJ, Hnli,n.l-H-lil-. 4SI. 
OuwciJn Cuiir.«l( Aiiiaiiti»,a.'.5, 
Graf tiD'a Cb ruidiHu jii T 



Ti,SV. 






ettUujt'.Voyiisca,flnited.,SS, HP. 
BalE'i Witahes undmtchcnlt, Z7I. 
HulrJry.J F is]. OiuJow, .(M. 
Hall,tr, Alfred, dir.Siir. Liby.,80. 

lil.li's FuncbVia Worao, 3!7, 557 



larpol Scotia, 341. 

[trpblua. If., TbiiDlotriBllIietlcB^ 



H:L.-lit.., Alex 



lli^gut, WiUiMO. G«l 
Hotniot. O., Boieldie 
UcUiwin Bchiibrrt, 



Holmont, Vim, 'works, 
Helpa, »iT Artiii 



A J., Olu. prliiurs. 148. 



llciiliuni. A.. Olia.priDtor, ua, H 
llrjuild tu the Tiad«' idvocale, 3: 
liuniar)', M8. work on, 8fi.4. 
Iloraldr^-, BcottUh.heokjMl, l.'Ji, 
tlvrlicrl ■ Tcniplu. ;t.';4. 
llunlH Scottltb IJougH, etc., 137, 

S31. 372, 4'Jri. 
n<]ri->r>ilI<»tiita1,Kdiii.,8t 
HcnickV Hnperidiia, 3s;, 
Uoydnn, Julm, workR, 314, 
llcywouirs worku, 333, 3jr 



itut«of,1C37,llS.,84. 



440 



INDEX. 



Higden's Pul^'clironjcou, 4l*9. 

Higgins, J.. 413. 

Hiles, H.. 185. 

Hill, G. W., llby. of, 2«3-268. 

Uill, W. H., Hiitchesoiui' Hospital, 323-4, 400 ; 

liby., 824. 
Hill's etchings in Flanders, 324. 
Hillor, F., 185. 
HUlor, J. A.. 184. 

Hilton, J., Catch that catch can, I'.K). 
Hind let loose, 373. 
Hislop's Proverbs of Scot., 39S. 
Historical MS. commission, report, 404. 
History, Books on. 28, 110, 117. 123, 221, 242-3, 

253, 2W, 819, 332, 3«1, 302, 303-4, 427-30. 
Hocus Focus, 420. 
Hog, Thomas, life of, 374. 
Hogarth, George, 180. 
Hogarth's works, 97, 234, 2.19. 
Hiigg, James, works, 277, :U)3, 358. 
Holinshed'H Chronicle, early i*ds., 23, 154, 301, 427. 
Holland, Family tour to South, 312. 
Hollandus' Testamentum, MS. , 207. 
Holmes, E., Mozart, lt<2. 
Holy I/and, works on, 28, 117, 100, 307, :a::-10. 
Holy Sepulchre, pamphlets on, 322. 
Home's Douglas and criticisms on, 223-5, 3r>3-'.'. 
Homer's works, trans, by Cliapman, 30, 352, 431 ; 

printed by Aldtis, 218. 
Hone, Wm., various works, 322, 345. 
Honoria<«, Lucidariiu (1499), lt»8. 
Hood'rt comic annual, 340 ; other works, l:!2. 
Hook, Theodore, 39«5. 
Hope's Scot's fencing master, 289. 
Hopkins, Mat., diHouvcry of witches, 210. 
Hopkins, E. J., 18.S. 
Hopkirk, Mr., dir. Stir. Liby., 80. 
Hoppner, J. W. R., lines on, by Byrou, 2l«7. 
Horace, satires. Dnuit, 35.'*. 
Hornbook, Doctor, 128, 129, 130. 
Horslev, C. EL, Gideon, 185. 
Horst's ZaulwrBibliothck, 217. 
Hotton, J. C , 830. 
Houbraken's jiortndts, 102. 2<M). 2'.».'i. 
Howell's Lexicon TetrHglotton, \vm\. 
Howell's State Trials, 320. 
Howie's Scots Worthies, l.'i7. 
Hudson, Jofferie, dwarf, 422. 
Hutco, lUrman, 421. 

ilulhUi, John, 102, IM), 1S4 ; Concerted music, IS.:. 
Hume, D., HiHtory of Kn^'land, Bowycr'sed., '.h;, 

121 ; Ik>nd for servant's w:igos, 2t'iO, 
Hunie's House of Douglus and Angus, 110, !'>*<. 

220. 205, 370, 401 , 428. 
Humphrey's Ftinting. 2t'i7. 
Hunnis, Wm., Seven Sobs, '-'73, :5.'.»; Hyvc K\ll 

of Hunnyc, 354. 
Hunt, Lci;<h. Amyntas, r>30. 
Huntcrian Society publications, 170, 229, ."11, X'.:\, 

:<35. 341, 301. 
HurlebuMch, pHuImon, 189. 
Hutchcson, Charlci*, GI;u«. printer. H*«. 
Hutcboson. I'rof. Fnun-i.H, 1 J'.». 
HiitchcwniM* Hospital, fuimdcn- of, .SJ: ; inu-f 

tciichcr at, l.s7 ; hintiiry of, 32:M, 400. 
liuth, Mr., :i5i ; c:tt:ili>gnc, 2.'>^. 

Icclandio literature. 28, /CO. 

Inil>crt, J.. Pa^anini. 182 

Ini|i(>rialii, i"^rti;dt»«, *J<ni. 

Incunabulu. ise Kificcnth-cciitury printin.'. 

Iiiili;i, workh on, 12'i. irO. 

Iir^rram, .T"lin, sublib. Mit. Li)>y., ll.'i. 

liincH, Pn»f. ('••*niii, liby. i>f, |iun;h.u»iil f.-r Mit. 

Liby., I'C-'.i ; niitire'of, 108; w.^rks. ll.'*. 154. 

2hl. .120. ASt,. 400. 
Inncs, Hugh. Players Scc»urge, 22:i-.'-. 
Inncs, T., Aocntmt of inhabitintr. of .ScotLind. 

109, r.4. 22'.», JtV,, :,0:{, .178, 400. 



Inns. Scottish, anecdote relating to, ^90. 

Institor. MaUeus Maleflcarum, 106, 215. 

Insulanus on second sight, 365-6. 

Ireland's Jeanne d' Arc, 2^ 

Ireland, the Shakespeare forger, 351, 415. 

Ireland, national manuscripts of, 229. 

Irvine's Medicina Magnetica, 205, 386 ; HiBUiiic 

Scotiae, 386. 
Isaac, H., GonJ Constantini. 186. 
Italian literature, 200. 

Jackey, Master, and Miss Harriot, 2SS. 
Jackson, Bailie George, dir. and convener of Stir. 
Liby., 74, 83 ; mem. of com. of Mit. Liby.. 174. 
Jackson, Wm., of Masham, 185. 
Jahn, O.. Mozart, 182. 
James V., life of, 370. 

James VI. version of the PB.-tlmH(1631). 368. (lAK) 
04-5, 115. 417 ; Demonob^'ie, 216, 410 : Counter^ 
blaste to tobacc«i, 289 : wurks. 111 ; Apopthcf;- 
mcs, 386 ; Court of, 3d6 ; poems, 3^: : entry In- 
to London, 410. 
Jameson. Mrs., w. rks, 29, 102, fc«. 2i*.i, 320. 32.'. 
Jamcstm, Wm., Junr., don. to Stir. Liby., 66, 83. 
Jamicson, Rev. Dr., dir. and vice-prvn. Stir. 

Liby, 80. 
Jamieson. Dr., 281 ; Sc<>ttish dictiuiiary, 156, 2*'-0, 

429 ; Ciildees, 22«». 
Jamieson 's Sct>Tish Ballads, 388. 
JiUiua, JoiUines dc, Summa quae voc.itun Cutholi- 

(»n, etc., 02. 
•lardine's S'aturalist's I.ibr.iry. ::4(>. 
Jc^l^alcm. works on. 28, 313-19. 347. 
ilervlKC. Andrew, Brechin. purfli:iM: uf c^illcction 

for Mit. Liby., 135 ; works, 400. 
Jf t«t«e, J. H., works, 304. 
Job, Book ©f. ilhiM. by Blake, 2'.'1. 
Johnson. I)r.,dii:tionaiics, fir>tandothcrods., 164 ; 

works, X02, 322. 
Johnson's Highwaymen, 304, 431. 
I JoliuKon's Kpigramni.'iti, 203. 
' Johnston. James. 375*. 
Johnston '.•« Si;ots MuMcal Museum, 241, 4'^], 42i:. 
.luhnston. Thos., don. Mit. Liby.. 120. 
John.Hton'H Lexicon Chcmicuuii 212. 
I Jonimeli. N., Ik2. 
I Jones, Inigo, Stone-IIeng, 4.';0. 

Jones, John, Byrth of M;iuk3-udc, 121. 
I Jones'^ Ur.immar of Onianicnt. I»<1. 

J<tnc«. Directory of Glasgow 24'.»-.V», 2^5 
; Jon-ton, Bt-n., 414; wi»rk!*. IiS**. 41^. 
, Jonston'.H InscriptioneM IIi>tikrii'iU:, etc., l'*4. 
; Jii}(c]>hu<*. Wan* i»f the Ji:W!». *«7. 
, Juiiititi, Letters i<f, 4:'.l. 
j Jii-tu-cs oi Pia>, lUtke of. 4;iO. 
Juvenal, works, .VldUH, etc., 21?. 

K:ipfibcri;tr, J., Mi'tet^ 1^4, loo. 

K.inijan, T. (J. von, HayJn, 1*1. 

KiMtnt-r. J ft., l^i. 

Kav's K.i;n> urgli Portraits. '.•.'.. 156, 22s, 2.>4, 'if*:. 
3j«i. 400. 42*. 

Kelt-" work-, t".r»-t and other ctN.. 21. 1 ••■.», 200. 
240, 2'.»'.'. 
I Krl.K'^n,ri'.ti.iii Yi-:tr, 27;. 421. 
1 Kvir Liby • i'oilvcti..n of i'riv«.rl'». \*\<, ."95-'.». 
I Keith's i;ita. of >r>ittl?>h bi-h<-i>f>. '■*'•• L'»7. 

Keith k ('<!., aUL-ti<»nccr^. (iliui., 40'>. 

KcUi-r. Ambn*-, f>n(it<.T. >»7-?. 

Ki-lly*> S^.)tti^h i»ri»vi.T]i-. ?44, 39«. 

KciM]'!-*. Thoina* a*. hiiit.tTion i»f Iliri-t. 40:'. 

K«.r. J. B.. .Vrclueoli'^v of Pipular IM.ra«.r*, .^7. 

Kt r. K.Urt. 22'.\ 

\\y rVnni,;*j»C«'mnK'iitan-on Valcnt:uc*«.\ntlmnnv, 
212. 

Ktrr. (.'••nnniMsioner, don. Mit. I.ibv.. 12.'', 12*. 
140. 14L 

KiTT, John, writer, Ol.bi., 140. HI. 

Kerr, Pctvr, nMi^s nf ScotLtiid, :i7^-:' 



INDEX. 



441 



Kerr, WiUiam, dir. Stir. Liby., 83. 

Khalfae's Arabic Authors, 319. 

Khun wrath, Heinrich, alchomical works, 211 

Kiose wetter, R., 180. 

Kincardine, Janet, Countess of, 238. 

King, Edward, 363. 

King, James, mem. com. Mit. Liby., 104. 

King, J. F., du-. Stir. Liby., 83. 

Kingiin v. Watson, 385. 

Kin^sborough's Antiquities of Mexico, 97. 

Kinloch, G. R., 427 ; MS. collection of proverbs, 399. 

Kircher, A., Musurgia, 183. 

Kirkbride press. 20t>. 

Kirk'« Secret Commonwealth, 221. 

KneUer's Kit-Kat Club, 254. 

Knight's Gallery of Portraits, 162. 

Knox, Isa C, MS. poom on Bums, 128. 

Knox, John, Liturgy, 18, 187, 200, 238, 263-4, 270 ; 

40G ; lieformation in Scotland, 153, 372-3 ; 

answer to a great nombcr, 269, 409. 
Knox, James, Glas. printer. 148, 203, 380. 

Labarte, Histoiro des Arts Industriols, 162. 

Lacroix, Paul, works, 29, 122, 162, 234, 267, 320, 
302, 430. 

Lacunar Strcvelinenso, 228, 342, 400. 

Laer, W. R. do, Fasciculus Temporum, 88. 

Laertiiis, lives of, 91. 

Laing, Dr. Uavid, works written and edited by, 
22, 110, 137, 202, 242, 265, 276, 303, 339, 360, 367 ; 
his copy of the first cd. of Faery Queen, 20 ; of 
Boyd's Livst Battcll, 26 ; other works, 373, 374. 

Laird, Marion, life of, 375. 

Laird of liOgan, '.i^io. 

Lamb's works, first and other editions, 30-1, 199, 
302 ; note to Coleridge, 302. 

Landscii])0 Annual, 320. 

Lane. Hce Arabian Nights. 

Language, books on, 29-30, 132, 152, 158, 164-6, 403. 

I^apraik's poems, 223, 242, 277. 

Lassu.s, O. de, 182 ; sacred music, 184. 

Latimer, Bishop, auto., 196. 

Latrobc, C. I., Sacred Music, 186. 

Laud Praverbook, 18, 48, 94, 95, 115, 153, 368,408. 

Lauder, Sir T. D., works, 229, 281, 322, 342, 428. 

L:ivator's Physiognomy, 29, 119, 254, 325. 

Lavoisier. A. L., the chemist, auto., 196. 

L;iw, books on. 123, 130, 152, 167-8, 161. 430-1. 

Law's Demonstrationes Logica, MS., 86. 

Lawcs, Psahns, 184, 188, 190. 

Lawrie & Symington, publishers, 338. 

Lawrie's works on GorbaLs, 380. 

Layard's Nineveh, 96-7. 

Leadbeatcr, John, dir. Stir. Liby., 80. 

Learned, history of the works of the, 115. 

I^ec, Robert, and Elonora, 36. 

Lee, Dr., note on Confession of Faith, 407. 

Leo Priory Press, works issued at, 258, 403. 

Leech, Jolm, books illus. by, 29, 295. 

Leighton, J. M., Views of Glasgow, 285, 381. 

Lcjeune, C, 182; psalms, 184. 

Lekprevick, R., Scottish printer, 157-8, 278-9. 

Lemmata Proverbialia, 398. 

Lennox Garland, 225. 

Lenz, W., Beethoven, 181. 

Leonardus, Camillus, works, 214. 

Leonardi do Utino, Sermones, etc., 87. 

Leslie's De Origino Moribus, etc., 109, 154, 246. 

Leslie, records of the family of, 156. 

Leslie, Henry, 185. 

Leslie, Prof., Edin., mathematical Chair contro- 
versy, 230-1. 

Leveridge's collection of songs, 336-7. 

Libau, Andreas, chemical works, 212. 

Libraries, district, 107. 

Libraries, free ijublic, general character of, 108. 

Libraries, free public. Parliamentary report, 106. 

Libraries, private, preserve in good order rare 
books, 16. 



Library adminlBtration; 99-100. 

Library of old authors, 848, 360. 

Libri catalogue, 258. 

Liddell, An(&ew, dh*. and treas. Stir. Liby., 71, 81 

don. to Stir. Liby., 72, 81, 83. 
Lidgate, John, 412. 

Lllius, Z., Orbis Breviarium, etc., 198. 
IMy^ Six Court Comedies (1632), 96. 
Lincy, les Livre des Proverbes fSiuiQais, Sd4>5. 
Lindesay, History- of Scotland, 164, 886. 
Lindsay's works on coinage, 108. 
Lindsa3r'8, lives of the, 428. 
Listeuius, Rudimenta Musicae, 183. 
Litbgow's Poems, 202 ; adventures, 854-5, 386. 
Little, Janet, poems, 223, 277, 869. 
Liturgy. See Knox. ' 
Livingstone, David, auto., 281. 
Livingstone, Rev. Neil, 263. 
Livingstone the Covenanter, 874. 
Livy, works, ed. by Grynseus, 92. 
Lobe, J. C, 184. 

Local collections, "Nature" on, 139. 
Lochore's Tales in Rhyme, 377. 
Lock, treatise, etc., MS., 207. 
Locke, John, auto., 196. 
Locke, M., Melothesia, 183. 
Lockhart, Rev. Dr., dir. Stir. Liby., 79. 
Lockhart, J. G., signature of, 128; works, 303 

322. 
Lodge's portraits, 162, 206, 254, 320. 
Logan. David, mem. com. Mit. Liby., 174. 
Lc^an 8 Italian proverbs, 394. 
Logan, Rev. Mr., poems, 340. 
Logier, J. B., 184. 

liOier, P. de, treatise on spoctroi, 366. 
Longfellow, H. W., poem in writing of, 304. 
Loris, Henrich. See Glavanus, K. 
Lounger, by Mackenzie, 135. 
Lovat, Simon, Lord, 376, 377. 
Lowe, Peter, Chlrurgery, 204, 205, 430. 
Loyer, Le, Des Spectres, 216. 
Lucretius, Busby's ed. , 96. 
Lully, G. B., motets, 184. 
LuUy, Raymond, alchemical works, 209-10 ; testa- 

roentum, MS., 207. 
Lumsden, Bailie J., dir. Stir. Liby., 80. 
Lumsden's books, with cuts by Bewick, 204, 283 ; 

map of Glasgow, 285. 
LuBcinius, Musurgia, 188. 
Luther, Martin, rare works by, 18, 808 ; Lieder und 

Psalmen, 188. 
Luttrell, Narcissus, 407. 
Luynes, Due de, work on Dead Sea, 819. 
Lydgate's Fall of Princes, etc., 855, 412. 
Lyly^s EuphuM, etc., 199. 416. 
Lyndsay, Sir D., heraldic manuscript, 158, 280 ; 

works, 202, 204, 222-3, 242, 265, 358-9, 867, 426. 

Macalpie's Curious Poems, 223, 242, 359. 

M'Arthur's Map of Glasgow, 285. . 

Macaulay, Andrew. Glas. printer, 148. 

Macaulay^s St. Eilda. 379. 

M'Bane, D., Expert Swordsman's Companion, 284. 

M 'Galium. John. Glas. printer, 148. 

M'Caul, Rev. John, dir. Stir. Liby., 43, 44. 

M 'Caul's notes on Points of Law, MS., 85. 

M'Corquodale, Donald, dir. Stir. Liby., 88. 

M'Crie. Dr. Thomas, auto, letter of, 158. 

MaccuUoch, Horatio, 239. 

Maodonald, A. G., mem. com. Mii. Liby., 103. 

Macdonald, Alex., liby. of, 288-289. 

M'Dowall, James, Lord Provost, dir. Stir. Liby., 

43,44. 
Macfarlan, James, memorial to Fftlmerston, 13C. 
Macfarlan, Principal, dir. Stir. Liby., 80. 
Macfarlane, J., mem. com. Mit. Liby., 174. 
Macfarren, Sir G. A., 184, 185. 
M'Feat, publisher of Glas. Directory, 250 ; Glas. 

Guide, 285. 



29 



442 



INDEX. 



Macgeorge's works on Glasgow, 112, 238, 249, S27, 

428. 
Ifscgeorge, R B., liby. of, 290-804. 
Macglll, Rev. Dr. 8., dlr. Stir. Uby.. 79-8a 
M'OlUTny's Fugitive Pieces, 383. 
HacGregor, George, editor of *' Dougal Graham." 

344. 
M'Grigor. Dr. A. B., don. to Hit Liby., 123, 129 ; 

Uby. of, 806-322. 
Machlinia, London printer, 196. 
M'Ian'8 Clans, 158. 
M'lndoe'ii Wandering Muse, 371. 
Macintosh's Gaelic Proverbs, 398. 
M'Intyre's account of Lekprovick, 278-79. 
.M'Kaen, James, life of, 3H4. 
Mackailo, Matthew, various works, 205 ; auto., 106. 
Macka/s Popular DeluHions, 382. 
Mackenzie, Alex., mem. com. Mit. Liby., 103-4. 
Mackenzie, the Religious Stoic, 288 ; writen of 

the Scottish nation, 157. 
Mackie's Abbey of Paisley, ^41, 379. 
M'Kim, WmUm, dir. Stir. Liby., 83. 
Mackniight, Dr., 280. 
Mackoull, trial of. 385. 
M'Laren, A., mem. com. Mit. Liby., 174. 
M'Laren, Wm., friend of TannahiU, 383. 
M'L^m, Arch.. Glas. printer, 122, 148. 
M'Lean, Rev. Mr., dir. Stir. Liby., 79. 
Maclehose, Mrs. , ' ' Clarinda. " Stt Bums. 
M'Lellan's Glasgow Cathedral, 327. 
Maclise Portrait Gallery, 254. 
Macmillon, Daniel, publisher, 288. 
Macnivh, Dr., works, 332. 
M'Onio, Ijord Provost W., dir. Stir. Liby., 83. 
M'Pherson, Duncan, mom. com. Mit Liby., 174. 
Mactaggart's Gallovidian Encycloptedia, 344, 3K({, 

401. 
M'Ure's Uistory of Glasgow, 27, 31, 59. 95, 140, 

200, 282, 827, 861, 379, 428 ; book belonging to, 

282. 
Madriflal composers, 100. 
If agaones. See Periodicals. 
Mageo, John, pedlar, travels, 384. 
Magic, works on, 19, 216-17. 
Magistrates, Myrrour for, 365. 
Magnetism, books on, 164. 
Maidment, James, woiks written or edited by, 2:?, 

110, 187, 144, 225. 242, 265, 281, 803, 310, 839, 360, 

307, 419. 426; collection relating to Lanark. 

154-5, 165-6 ; collection relating to Perth and 

Stirling, 228 ; books bought from, 109. 
Maicr, Michael, alchemical works, 207, 211, 214. 
Main waring. Rev. J., Handel, 181. 
Mair. Patrick, Glas. printer, 148. 
Maitluid Club Publications, 24, 72, 05, 07, 109, 

159, 229, 242, 811, 341, 400, 428. 
Maitland's Uistory of Scotland, 154. 
Major's De Uistoria Gcutis Scotorum, first ed., 

200-1. 
Malcolm, Alex., writer, Glas., 141. 
Malcolm, J. C, printer, Glas., 140. 
Malcolm, Robert, contrib. to Sma' Wcftiana, 140, 

141. 
Malcolm's House of Drummond, 428. 
Malcbran, A., Spohr, 182. 
Malobran, M.. 182. 

Mangot, reprints of alchemical works, 212. 
Manufactures, books on, 164. 
Manuscripts, 18, 83-6, 1G7. 237, .'^: Dr. Honi- 

book MS., 136 ; chemical, 206-7 ; USS. used for 

endpapers, 87. 
Manuscripts, facsimiles of national, 108, \yA, 2-J9, 

303, 326, 428. 
Maplctoft's select pmvcrbii, 889. 
Maps, collection of, 28, 313. 
Ma|M of Glasgow, 27, 2S5. 
Marbodens, Do Lapidibus, etc., 214. 
Marcello, B., SalmJ, 184. 
MargariU Davidiea, 87. 



Marie Btoait, Qaeen of Soots, eoDectlM of books, 

portraits, etc., relating to, in Qoikl lilqr*i S^ 

236. 243-0; book wUd bekmffed to her. M4; 

portraits, 28. 248, 246 ; catalogue of tlie oolle»> 

tion, 248 ; works relating to tne Queen in Stir. 

Uby., 91-2, 93 ; in Mit. Uby., 167 ; in Gff«r 

Uby., 229 ; in M*Grigor liby., 311-12 ; in Maiw 

doch library, 341. 
Marlowe. C, Edward the Second, 419. 
Marot and Besa, Psalms, lb9. 
Marpuxg, F. W., 184. 

Marriage announcements in the Glaa. Joamol, ML 
Marriage of Heaven and Hell, Blake, 29L 
Marshall, A., Fourteen letters, etc, a4ft. 
Marshall, Richard, dlr. Stir. Uby., 4S, 44. 
Marshall, W., Glas. printer. 14Su 
Martin's St. KUda, 201, 279, 80S, 879; Wi 

Islands. 201, 803. 379. 
Martin, J. H., mem. com. Mit. Uby., 174. 
Martin, Sir Theodore, 21. 23, 8ia 
Martini, G. B., Storia della Musicm. 18L 
Martino, M. C, writes on Strang's Glasgow, 
Marwick, Dr., Report on Mit. Uby, 104-7. 
Marx. A., Beethoven, 181, 184. 
Mary Stuart See Marie. 
Mason, J., Anatomic of Soroerle, 216. 
Mason, Lowell, 188. 
Mason, Thomas, senior assist Mli. Ubj.. IIS; 

lib. Stir. Uby., 75, 99, 118. 
Masson's Life of Milton, SSO. 
Mather, J., Kometographia, 288 ; memonbls 

providences, 271 ; Magnalia Christi, 410. 
Mathicsou, Thomas A., mem. com. Mit Ubr., 108 ; 

liby., 823-332. 
Mathieu, A., Laasu^ 182. 
.Mattel, S., JommeUi, 182. 
.Matthcson, J., Handel, 181, 184. 
Matthew of Wortminster, 92. 
Maule's History of the Picts, 87& 
Maurice, F. D., large collection <tf his wtltloa. 

18, 322. 
Maxima Bibliotheca Yeterum Patnun ct AbUp 

quorum Scriptorum Ecclesiastlcoruni, 900. 
Maxwell, James, poet in Psislsy, 888. 
MaxweU, Sh- W. S., works, 28, 89, 111, 102, StS. 

234, 295, 348. 882, 898, 399, 480. 
Meibomiiis, Antiqiue Musicw, 1^ 
Meikleham, William, Ub. Stir. Uby., 64, 99. 
Meissner, Naumann, 182. 
Mela. Do Situ OrUs, 198. 
Molvill, David. 406. 

Melville. Sir J., of Hallhill, auto., 244. 
Mendelssohn, F.. 182, 185, 192. 
Mcndosa, L. de. Proverbios, 302. 
Mercurius Muskus, 190. 
Merimto, Prosper, 400. 
Merlin, W. de Wonle, 422. 
Mersenne, Harmonic Universelle, 188. 
Mery's Histoiro dos Proverbes, 889-90. 
Moon's Etchings, large coUoctim, 291, 291. 
Mesangres. proverbes. Francais, J94. 
Meston's Knight of the Kirk. 367. 
Metallurgy, books on, 163, 814. 
Meyerbeer, J., 182, 191. 
Me^nrlckli Ancient Armour, 284, 268. 
Michael and Marius, La Rellure Fnnqdse, 206. 
Mickle r. Adams controvcisy* 276. 
Migne's Patrvlogiae Cursos Completus, 809. 
MiD, Himiphrey, 422. 
Mill, J. S., workH, 322. 
MUUr. Alex., Glas. printer. 122, 148. 
MilUr, John. I*alsley iniblisher, 383. 
Miller. Rev. David, dlr. Stir. Liby., 83. 
Miller, Dr., dir. Stir. Ubrary. 78. 
Miller, Ebcncicr, Glas. printer, 14S. 
Miller, Hugh, works, 163. 199. 242. 2^. 281, 848, 

427; auto.. 281. 
Miller. John, mem. oom. Mit Uby.. 108. 
Miller, J. R., mem. com. Mit Uby.. 174. 



INDEX, 



443 



Miller, William, Olas. printer, 148. 

Miller Street, Glasgow, formation of, 83, 84. 

Milton's Paradise Lost, first ed., 20, 852-8, 422 ; 

works, 20, 96, 199, 352-3, 387, 422 ; auto., 353 ; 

quoted, 332. 
Minerals, books on, 214. 
Mining, books on, 214. 
Mirror for Magistrates, 412. 
Mirror of PoUcie, 431. 
Mirandulanus, J. P., De Auro, 210. 
Miscellanea Scotica, 428. 
Mitchors Witches of West Calder, 365. 
Mitchell Library, 101-175. 
Mitchell, Jas., attempts to murder Archbp. Sharpe, 

374. 
Mitchell, James, of Dykes, life, 374. 
Mitchell, Stephen, founder of Mit. Liby., 101-2. 
Mitchell, William, the "Tinclarian Doctor," 385. 
Moffot Well, etc, 205. 
Moffat's Silke Wormes, 416. 
Moir, Bailie James, mem. com. Mit. Liby., 104 ; 

bequest to Mit. Liby., 123-4. 
Molendinar Burn, Glasgow, 231. 
MoUque, B., 185. 
Molitor, 215-6. 
Monro's Western Isles, 279. 
Montaigne's essays, 432. 
Monteath's Theatre of Mortality, 289, 430. 
Monteath's Dunblane Traditions, 379. 
Monteath, Cunninifham, secy. Stir. Liby., 81. 
Montrose Peerage case, 401. 
Monypenny's Scottish Chronicle, 378. 
Moore, T., Psalm Singer's Companion, 187. 
Moore, Thomas, poet, 296. 
Moralist's Medley. 397. 
More's works, first ed., 115, 408 ; Utopia, 258, 387, 

408 ; other works, 408. 
Morhof's Epistola, 207. 

Morienus, De Transfiguratione Metallorum, 209. 
Morisons of Perth, publications by, 202, 229, 372, 

426. 
Morison, Fj-nes, Itinerary, 160, 401, 429. 
M orison's De Causia Metallorum, 204, 211 
Morley, Thos., Introduction to Practicall Musicke, 

183. 
Morris's British Birds, 346. 
Morrison, Bailie, mem. com. Mit. Liby., 104. 
Morton's proverbs, 391. 

Morton, Larl, Bassandyne Bible belonging to, 94. 
MoHcheles, I., 182. 
Mo8sman's bust of Bailie Moir, 124. 
Motet Society, ancient church music, 186. 
Mdtherwell, William, minstrelsy and other works, 

i;{7, 202, 218, 223, 241, 242, 253, 265, 278, 327, 338, 

3o0, 384, 398 ; auto, and notes, 196, 212, 241, 278. 
Mozart, W. A., 182, 191. 

Muir, Rev. Matthew, lib. Stur. Liby., 65, 66, 99. 
Muir, Thomjis, trial, 384. 
Muir, T. S., Leith, works, 401. 
Muir, Wm., Campsie, poems, 286, 871. 
MUller, Max, works, 322. 
Munday, Anthony, Palmerin of England, etc., 

414, 421-2. 
Mundell, James, Glas. printer, 148. 
Munchausen, Baron, adventures (Dor6). 264. 
Murdocli, Eliz., second wife of Dr. Stirling, 32. 
Murdoch, J. B., liby. of, 333-348. 
Murray's Scones in Scotland, 229. 
Museum Worsleyanum, 162. 
Music, books of and on, 29, 92, 117, 162; Euing 

musical works, 176-93. 
MuBica Transalpina, 100. 
Mu.sical Antiquarian Society, 192. 
.Musical bio^rrapliy, 181. 
Musical history, 180. 
Musical journals, 192. 
Musical theory, progress of, 183. 
Musicians, dictionary of, 181. 
Mysticism, books on, 215. 



Naogeorgus, Thomas, PopiBh Klngdome, 409. 

Naphtal^ etc., 115, 874. 

Napier, John, of MerchlBtan, 902, 205, 269-70. 

Napier & KhuU, Glas. printers, 148. 

Napier, Mark, 281, 874. 

Nares' obsolete words, 897. 

Nash, Richard, life of, 253. 

Nash, Thomas, 418. 

National Covenant (1638X 152-58, 167. 

Natte's Scotia Depicts, 156. 

Natura Brevium, 431. 

Natural History, books on, 123, 152, 161, 162, 163, 

346. 
" Nature," remarks on local collections in public 

libvB., 139. 
Nauae, G., The Instruction, etc, 214, 216. 
Naiunann, J. A., 182. 
Neil, Gabriel, 251, 284, 842. 
Neil, Bailie John, mem. com. Mit. Liby., 104 ; 

gives premises to Mit. Liby., 112. 
Neukomm, S., 186. 
New Club Series, 341. 
New Wife of Beath, 426. 
New Yeere's Gift, 422. 
Newlands, J., Glasgow printer, 148. 
Newspai)ers. Su Periodicals. 
Newspaper management in Glasgow a hundred 

years ago, 145. 
Nicander, works. Morel, 218. 
Nicoll, Richard, works, 419. 
Nicholl, ed. of Hogarth, 234. 
Nichol's Views of Glasgow, 286, 881. 
Nicholson's Galloway, 342. 
Nicols, A Lapidary, 214. 
Nicol, Robert, poems, 277, 840. 
Nicolson's Gaelic proverbs, 898. 
Nimmo, Dr., dtr. Stir. Liby., 80. 
Nimmo's Stirlingshire, 201, 342, 879. 
Nine Worthies, the, 886. 
Nisbet, Mary, niece of Walter Stirling, 34. 
Nisbet^s Scottish Heraldry, 158, 254, 480. 
Nissen,