IBEROAMERICAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE 02 (2022) 80-82
Journal homepage: www. iberoamjmed.com
Research activity during the residency program. Are we in the
Eduardo Esteban-Zubero ®"\®, Cristina Garcia-Muro °“®
°Department of Emergency Medicine, Hospital San Pedro, Logrofo, Spain
> Department of Pediatrics, Hospital San Pedro, Logrofio, Spain
Received 22 March 2022
Received in revised form 14 April 2022
Accepted 22 April 2022
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine. This is an open access article under the CC BY license
Actividad investigadora durante el programa de residencia. ;Estamos en el buen
Historia del articulo:
Recibido 22 March 2022
Recibido en forma revisada 14 Abril 2022
Aceptado 22 Abril 2022
© 2022 Los Autores. Publicado por Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine. Este es un articulo en acceso abierto bajo licencia CC BY
HOW TO CITE THIS ARTICLE: Esteban-Zubero E, Garcia-Muro C. Research activity during the residency program. Are we in the
good way? Iberoam J Med. 2022;4(2):80-82. doi: 10.53986/ibjm.2022.0021.
Scientific publications are a source of knowledge that help
us improve treatments and _ practice evidence-based
medicine. It is important during all the medical practice.
However, it 1s necessary to know when is appropriate to
initiate this process as well as find an equilibrium between
clinical practice and scientific research .
* Corresponding author.
E-mail address: eezubero @ gmail.com
During the training of the medical specialist, research is an
important component. Its practice allows achieving a better
clinical management of patients, developing skills of critical
appreciation of scientific articles, fostering critical thinking
and lifelong learning, and having greater satisfaction with
their academic training [2, 3]. To this end, strategies have
ISSN: 2695-5075 / © 2022 The Authors. Published by Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine. This is an open access article under the CC BY license
IBEROAMERICAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE 02 (2022) 80-82 81
been designed to promote research during the residency,
many of which have had successful results in terms of
scientific production and the prestige of the academic
programs where they have been carried out [4, 5]. These
strategies should include identifying the leadership of the
group, an appropriate selection of the group members as
well as their roles, and selecting an area to study 
Few residency programs include a final research to achieve
the medical specialty. In fact, some countries suppressed this
point, being a polemic decision . In addition, it is well
known that all research should culminate in a publication in
indexed scientific journals in order to ensure its quality and
disseminate the results obtained . If the residency period
1S a continuous process of learning and research, why it is
not accepted as a common practice a final research to
acquire the medical specialty? It could be an adequate
reasoning. However, attending to the literature, the daily
practice is so far from this theory.
In addition to the lack of obligation to carry out a scientific
project at the end of the residency, the number of residents
who have published an article is not elevated. In the United
States, it is observed a relationship between the number of
publications of residents who have not carried out and have
carried out a rotation under investigation (5% and 21%,
respectively) [9, 10]. In this country are observed higher
ratios of scientific publication . However, in this study,
authors observed a_ relationship between — scholarly
productivity based on journal publication and clinical
performance during residency training, observing that
residents who invest substantial efforts in research are not
compromised in their abilities to learn medicine and care for
patients. In Latin American countries, the data is not
different. The proportion of residents with some publication
was 28.2% in Galicia , 5% among pediatric residents in
Argentina , and 10% in Peru . Being an older
resident, the absence of external rotation or focused on
research, a worse opinion of the training process and the
presence of depressive symptoms have been seen to have a
negative effect on scientific production during the residency
period . Moreover, it is observed a lack of knowledge to
elaborate a critical review of scientific papers, despite the
subjective consideration of adequate skills to do it . In
addition, it is observed that residents who publish at least
one paper before residency are nearly six times more likely
to publish during residency than those who did not publish
before residency .
In our opinion, it is necessary to analyze the actual approach
to scientific knowledge during the residency period. It is
necessary to stimulate the resident, providing the enough
time to acquire the skills in this field without forget the
requirements to achieve the goals in the clinical practice. In
addition, it is necessary to find the points in the local system
that may influence in a negative manner in the scientific
production, like depression or different problems with the
residency program. This work should be realized in the
different Universities and Hospitals. Finally, it must
considered the implementation of regulated teaching in the
area of scientific research in the medical school to make
easier this process.
1. CONFLICT OF INTERESTS
The authors have no conflict of interest to declare. The
authors declared that this study has received no financial
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