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Saturday, October 25, wees 


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No. 43 


S Official 


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3 i 


LIPRARY 


s0P Campaign 
Anti-Labor Stamp 


Hits Labor | : 


By Gene Zack» 
Big Business stepped up the, 
tempo of its assault on the trade 
union movement as the battle 


over “right-to-work” proposals 
on the ballot in six states neared 
its decision. 

As attention focused on Cali- 
fornia, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, 
Ohio and Washington — where 
voters will ballot on the compul- 
sory open-shop issue Nov. 4—there 
were these developments: 

e Ralph J. Cordiner, chairman 
of the board of General Electric 
Co., charged that the union shop 
gave labor leaders a “license to take 
away jobs” and vast “political pow- 
er.” Al Whitehouse, director of 
the AFL-CIO Industriadl Union 
Dept., immediately branded Cor- 
diner’s statement “an outright 
falsehood.” 

e The labor-hating Kohler 
Co. fired off letters to scores of 
business executives asking for 
help in raising $50,000 to push 
through the “work” laws. Signed 
by L. C. Conger, chairman of 
Kohler’s management committee, 
the letters lashed at so-called 
“labor czars,” declaring that de- 
feat of “right-to-work” would 
mean that “a labor government 
will come to power in Washing- 
ton and free enterprise will be 
only a memory.” 

e William Allen, president of 
Boeing Airplane Co., bought a half 
hour of choice television time over 

(Continued on Page 9) 


Membership 
Drive Set 
By Distillers 


Cincinnati—More than 200 de- 
legates, representing 65 production 
locals in the United States and 
Canada, have put the finishing 
touches on an organizing drive 
slated to be launched Nov. 10 by 
the AFL-CIO Distillery Workers’ 
Intl. Union. 

Keynoting the two-day confer- 
ence, Pres. Mort Brandenburg, 
who was elected to office last 
August, pledged that “the full re- 
sources of our international union 
will be utilized to invest our juris- 
diction with 100 percent unioniza- 
tion.” 

The same note was sounded 
by Sec.-Treas. George J. Oneto, 
who emphasized that despite the 
obstacles confronting organized 
labor, an effective organization 
job can be done. 

A concrete program of action, 


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O’ Sullivan Handed Victory: 


Board Orders URW 
To End ‘Heel’ Fight 


A union that continues to picket and conduct a boycott campaign 
against an employer who has used strikebreakers to win a decerti- 
fication election is guilty of an unfair labor peaction, the National 
Labor Relations Board has ruled. 


Its. application of what has become known as the “Curtis 


doctrine,” restricting picketing and® 
information activities, came in the 
O’Sullivan Rubber Co. case, a prime 
example of the use of the Taft- 
Hartley Act to smash unions. 


Upholds Trial Examiner 


The board adopted the “findings, 
recommendations and conclusions” 
of Trial Examiner George A. 
Downing, who had recommended a 
finding of unfair labor practices 
against the Rubber Workers and 
Winchester, Va., Local 511. 


URW Pres. L. S. Buckmaster 
said: “This decision just reaffirms 
the previous erroneous rulings that 
have been made by the NLRB since 
it has become dominated by those 
who would deny workers on strike 
fair and equal treatment. 


“Perhaps this federal govern- 
ment agency, which was originally 
intended to consider and rule on la- 
bor act matters in a fair and im- 
partial manner, should be renamed 
the ‘National Big Business Rela- 
tions Board.’ 

“The gallant Local 511 mem: 
bers, who are really in the front 
line in this fight for justice, are not 
forgotten by the 14 million mem- 
bers of organized labor who know 
that because of such NLRB deci- 
sions, this can happen to them.” 


(Continued on Page 11) 


Foe as 


The three-member panel that 


handed down the decision went 
along with the examiner on or- 
dering the union to publish in its 
paper, the “United Rubber 
Worker,” a notice that the union 
has ended its boycott of O’Sulli- 
van products and to distribute 
copies of the notice to all persons 
and organizations to whom in- 
formation and appeals for sup- 
port had been sent. 

Local 511 struck O’Sullivan’s on 
May 13, 1956, following months 


tion of the GOP to push through 
“fumigated.” 


\Party’ s Goal: To 
‘Fumigate’ Unions 


By Willard Shelton 


The Republican battle to regain control of Congress was given 
an Official anti-labor stamp when Pres. Eisenhower called for elec- ~ 


a law to have “corrupt” unions 


Eisenhower chose California, where GOP Sen. William F. Know- 


land is seeking the governorship® 


as the scene for his speech de- 
nouncing the Kennedy-lves labor 


Meany Sets Radio 
Speech on Politics 


AFL-CIO Pres. George 
Meany will make a major ad- 
dress on the 1958 political 
situation over the nation-wide 
radio network of the Colum- 
bia Broadcasting System on 
Wednesday night, Oct. 29. 

His speech, coming on the 
eve of the congressional elee-- 
tion, will be a 15-minute ad- 
dress at 9:30 p. m. eastern 
standard time. Subject of the 
speech will be “Labor's Stake 
in This Election.” 

Local newspapers should 
be checked for exact time and 
station in each area. 


bill of last session as “insipid and 
wholly unsatisfactory.” 

Without mentioning the fact 
that the Kennedy-Ives bill was 
backed by the AFL-CIO or that 
Labor Sec. James P. Mitchell 
had helped kill it by inciting a 
heavy adverse Republican vote in 
the House, Eisenhower promised 
that next January he would re- 
new recommendations of his own. 


The President also proclaimed 
total neutrality toward the “work” 
bill fight that has split the Califor- 
nia GOP wide open in a bitter quar- 
rel between Knowland and his run- 
ning-mate, Gov. Goodwin J. 
Knight, Republican candidate for 
the Senate. 

Sec. 14-b of the Taft-Hartley Act 
gave the states full authority to 


of company stalling for a first con- 
(Continued on Page 10) 


adopt “work” laws, said Eisenhow- 


Democratic 
Gains Seen 
In House 


As the congressional campaign 
approached its final days, Repub- 
lican stump speakers renewed 
claims that a Democratic tide had 
been checked if not reversed but 
impartial surveys still indicated 
that substantial Democratic gains 
were in prospect in the House 
as well as in the Senate. 


Major elements in the Demo- 
cratic calculations were the fact 
that Pres. Eisenhower, with his 
strong personal pulling power to- 
ward straight Republican party bal- 
lots, is not running for office this 
year, and that Democrats have 
“basic strength” because in “all but 
three states the Democrats have 
the leading statewide candidate 
either for governor or senator” to 
head the party ticket. 


See 30-Seat Gain 
Democrats said that a “mini- — 
mum” shift of 30 House seats was 
in prospect and that the gains 
might run to 40 or 50 seats. 


Membership of the House in 
the 85th Congress was 235 Dem- 
ocrats, 200 Republicans. A shift 
of 30 seats would give nothern 
and western Democrats heavily 
increased influence that might 
play a major part in the framing 
of legislation next year on hous- 
ing, minimum wages, jobless 
compensation, distressed areas, 


(Continued on Page 12) 


(Continued on Page 12) . 


Meany Hits Hungarian ‘Criminals,’ 


Demands UN Unseat Red Puppets 


AFL-CIO Pres. George Meany called on the United Nations General Assembly to reject the cre- 
dentials of the Hungarian government for its “criminal acts against the UN and the entire civilized 


world.” 


In a nationwide speech carried over the American Broadcasting Co. network marking the second 
anniversary of the “heroic revolt of the Hungarian people against their Communist oppressors.” 
Meany declared that failure by the@— 


UN to “take this straightforward 
moral stand” against the Kadar 
regime would dangerously compro- 
mise the basic “principles of de- 
cency and justice upon which the 
UN is founded.” 

“The free nations of the world 


if-they really value their freedom,” 


said Meany, “must stand up and be 
counted on this issue of interna- 
tional morality.” 

In commemorating the revolt of 
the Hungarian people against their 
Communist oppressors the world 
must never forget “the inhuman 
slaughter perpetrated against them 


by the Khrushchev dictatorship of 
Soviet Russia,” the AFL-CIO presi- 
dent declared. 

The Communist reign of ter- 
ror against the Hungarian people 
continues - with full tart two 
years later, Meany noted, and 

(Continued on Page 12) 


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‘AFL-CIO’ NEWS, WASHINGTON, D; C., SATURDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1958 


Yarborough 
Hits GOP for 
‘Smear, Slur’ 


Houston, Tex.—The Eisenhower | * 


Administration has taken the “low 
road” of “smear and slur” against 
labor in an “unprincipled effort” 
. to win the current congressional 
elections, charged Sen. Ralph W. 
Yarborough (D-Tex.) 

In a rip-roaring speech to the 
second annual convention of the 
Texas State AFL-CIO here, Yar- 
borough -castigated Republican 
members of Congress, the U.S. 
Chamber of Commerce and the Na- 
tional Association of Manufactur- 
ers for killing the Kennedy-Ives 
labor bill in the House after it had 
passed the Senate with only one 
dissenting vote. 

Yarborough won renomination, 
tantamount to election in Texas, in 
last July’s primaries. He came to 
the convention fresh from a cam- 
paign swing through eight states, 

Sees Major Gains 

The senator forecast sweeping 
Democratic victories throughout the 
country, particularly in California, 
where Republican Sen. William F. 
Knowland, trailing in his fight for 
the governorship as a_ stepping 
stone to the 1960 GOP presiden- 
tial nomination, has made “right- 
to-work” a principal plank in his 
platform. 

Andrew J. Biemiller, director 
of the AFL-CIO Dept. of Legis- 
lation, followed Yarborough to 
the platform to praise the “out- 
standing leadership” given Con- 
gress by Senate Majority Leader 
Lyndon B. Johnson and House 
Speaker Sam Rayburn, Texas 
Democrats. 

Biemiller said that Johnson and 
Rayburn in guiding needed legisla- 
tion through the 85th Congress had 
faced constant hostility from the 
White. House. The trade union 
movement “was satisfied that their 
leadership was in the best interest 
of all the American people,” he 
said. 

The legislative director cited the 
AFL-CIO publication, Labor Looks 
at the 85th- Congress, in which 
Pres. George Meany wrote that its 
“positive record” of legislative 
achievement was due, in large 
measure, to the “effective and re- 
sponsible” majority leadership of 


right) Dr. Robert Hamlin of the 


DEPUTY DIRECTOR GENERAL of the United Nations Edu- 
cational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Dr. Malcolm Adise- 
shiah of India (left), is shown during a recent visit to AFL-CIO 
headquarters. With him are delegates to UNESCO’s 10th general 


conference to be held in Paris in November. 


Welfare; John W. Hanes, Jr., State Dept.; Frank L. Fernbach, econ- 
omist in the AFL-CIO Dept. of Research. 


They are (left to 
Dept. of Health, Education and 


that the Eisenhower Administration 
was scuttling the merchant marine 
and endangering security. 

Grogan, who is also mayor of 
Hoboken, N. J., cautioned on the 
introduction of automation. He 
called it a danger to workers and 
small businessmen — workers be- 
cause they must wait to reap the 
rewards of automation and small 
businessmen because they will be 
unable to afford expensive automat- 
ed machinery. 


The convention was warned of 
another danger by Dir. Al White- 
house of the AFL-CIO Indus- 
trial Union Dept., who charged 
that the National Association of 
Manufacturers and the U.S. 


Johnson and Rayburn. 


Shipbuilder Delegate 
Is Too Tough to Die 


Cincinnati—Charlie Johnston, 


convention here, is a happy guy because he’s got his teeth, he’s got 


his hair and he’s got his health. 


Of course, most 30-year-old men have all-three‘and don’t give it a 
second thought, but, then, they haven’t been exposed to the same 


Chamber of Commerce are out 


a delegate to the Shipbuilders’ 


amount of radioactive cobalt that 
Charlie has. 

A radiographer at the Bethlehem 
Fore River plant, in Quincy, Mass., 
Charlie’s job is to take industrial 
X-rays with a piece of “hot” cobalt 
about as big as the end of his little 
finger. 

Two years ago he and his part- 
ner, William Holmes, got set to 
take pictures of a weld in a de- 
stroyer’s propeller strut shaft. 
They cleared the area for 150 
feet around and checked ali 
safety devices and signals before 
moving the cobalt into position 
along a cable by remote control. 

“My safety film badge showed 
normal,” Charlie recalls, “and the 
safety lights were on. It was be- 
fore we had Geiger counters. 

“The pill of cobalt is mounted 
on a little spring which drags it 
back along the cable after an ex- 
posure is made, but something went 
wrong and the pill was dragged 
only half-way back and left on the 
cable. 

“I was getting ready for my 
second exposure when I felt some- 
body grab my leg. It is pretty 
serious work and I turned around 
swinging. 


“It was the Massachusetts’ 
state inspector holding a Geiger 
counter clicking like crazy. It 
showed 780 milliroentgens per 
hour—and we're only allowed a 
maximum exposure of 300 in a 
40-hour week, 

“They rushed me and Holmes to 
the hospital and checked our film 
badges and for a few days we were 
a couple of really worried men. 
However, my film badge showed 
only 45 MR’s; apparently the rest 


the propeller shaft. But then there 
was the possibility that I'd got a 
heavy exposure in my feet, because 
1 wear the film badge on my lapel.” 

Charlie says he spent many sleep- 
less nights, tossing beside his bride, 
Emma, who he married just after 
the accident. Continued blood tests 
failed to show harm to his red 
blood cells and gradually he stopped 
worrying—or worrying as much. 


He’s mot even worried about 
the large family he and Emma 
hope to have, but haven’t had 
yet. He’s sure the children will 


Ship Union Proposes 
7-Point Defense Plan 


Cincinnati—Delegates to the 19th convention of the Marine and 
Shipbuilding Workers adopted a seven-point program of prepared- 
ness in a week-long session here, 

During the week, which also marked the 25th anniversary of 
the union, the 250 delegates representing 100,000 workers heard 


charges by Pres. John J. Grogan 2 


were cut off or shunted aside by | 000 


to push across “punitive, not cor- 
rective laws” for labor. 

“I would like to point out,” 
Whitehouse said, “that the AFL- 
CIO has urged passage of correc- 
tive legislation. We backed most 
of the provisions of the Kennedy- 
Ives bill, which was fought by both 
the NAM and the Copaioer of 
Commerce.” 

The seven-point program intro- 
duced by IUMSWA Sec.-Treas. 
Ross D. Blood, urged: - 

.@ That an all-out effort be 
made to regain any military ad- 
vantage which has been lost to 
the Soviet Union. 

e That a feeling of urgency 
be reflected in the forthcoming 
government budget recognizing 
the country will support (and 
can afford) to pay sums needed 
to improve defenses. 

‘@ That special efforts be un- 
dertaken to develop additional 
talent in the fields of science 
and engineering. 

e That the government’s plan- 
ning for emergency mobilization 
proceed moré effectively, with 
a greater degree of decentraliza- 
tion “away from Washington.” 

© That in manpower planning, 
full emphasis be placed on en- 
listing the cooperation of labor 
and management. 

© That the civil defense pro- 
gram be invigorated by giving 
the federal government greater 
authority to develop it. 

e That military pay and 
fringe benefits be made more at- 
tractive so that the continuing 
loss of skilled personnel. by the 
Armed Forces will cease. 

Delegates re-elected Grogan to 
his fifth term and raised his salary 
from $11,500 to $15,000 a year; 
Blood was also re-elected and his 

salary raised from $11,000 to $13,- 


Building Unions Pick 
McMahon in Chicago 

Chicago—Earl J. McMahon was 
elected president of the Chicago 
Building Trades Council, of which 
he had been secretary-treasurer for 
24 years, to succeed Patrick F. 
Sullivan, who died Sept. 25. 

A member of Lathers Local 74, 
McMahon also is president of the 
Illinois Building Trades Conference 
and a vice president of the Illinois 
State AFL-CIO. Sec.-Treas. Thom- 
as Nayder of Glaziers Local 27 suc- 


|GNP Up in Third Quarter: 


services in the third quarter of 


Business Zooms 
|As Jobs Stagnate 


An $11 billion increase in the national output of goods and 


1958 focused new attention on 


persistent and continuing high unemployment. 
The Council of Economic Advisers estimated the gross national 
product for the July-September period at a rate of $440 billion 


annually. This indicates that 72®— 
percent of the recession loss in this 
key economic indicator has been 
recovered. : 
The conservatively - estimated 
loss of $19.8 billion in the GNP 
that occurred between the third 
quarter of 1957 and the first quar- 
ter of this year has been recovered 
to the tune of $14.2 billion, accord- 
ing to the government's figures. 
The rise in the GNP in the 
third quarter over the second 
quarter contrasts sharply with 
the increase in the rate of un- 
employment for the same period 
from an average of 7.1 percent 
to 7.4 percent. * 

Figures on employment for the 
period of the sharp rise in the gross 
national product show a small in- 
crease in the number of ew 
jobs. 

The latest figures on the GNP, 
economists noted, do not take into 
consideration price increases over 


the last quarter which would tend 


to scale down the $11 billion fig- 
ure. 


They noted also that despite 
the sharp rise, output is still 
$5.6 billion below last year’s 
peak and that during the same 
period at least 500,000 workers 
have been added to the labor 
force. 

The higher gross national prod- 
uct reflected a rise in personal con- 

sumption, government spending 
and investment and a drop in 
inventory liquidation. Business 
spending for new equipment end- 
ed its drop and stabilized for the 
quarter. 

The latest government figures 
on unemployment—for September 
—show a rate of 7.2 percent, a per- 
centage exceeded in only four 
months during the past 16 years. 
The drop of 600,000 from August 
to September still left 4.1 million 
persons out of work, or 1:5 million 
more than a year ago. 


Major Organizing Drive 


Voted by Grain Millers 


Minneapolis—Some 200 delegates representing 40,000 members 


of the Grain Millers gave overwhelming approval to a major new 

organizing campaign-at the union’s sixth biennial convention here. 
The convention voted to back the drive with an increase in per 

capita tax payments from $1 to $1.50 a month. The hike will in- 


crease the union’s annual income‘ 
by $240,000. 

The money will be used to ex~ _ 
pand the organization staff, with 
special concentration on feed 
mills in the Southeast where na- 
tional firms have been decentrak- 
izing their operations. 

The dues increase was approved 

after a proposal for a 75-cent hike 
narrowly failed to get a required 
two-thirds majority. 
Pres. Sam P. Ming and Sec.- 
Treas. Harold A. Schneider were 
re-elected without opposition for 
four-year terms, as were most vice 
presidents who make up the union’s 
executive board. 

The convention also wrote into 
the constitution a detailed code 
of ethics, including a provision 
making violation of the code a 
subject for charges. It voted to 
allow a special hearing officer, 


independent of the union, to try 


Fight Against 


sions keyed to producing better 


21-23. 


exceptional cases where union of- 
ficers are charged with violations. 

William F. Schnitzler, AFL-CIO 
secretary - treasurer, charged that 
employer opposition to the Ken- 
nedy-Ives bill stemmed from fears 
that corporations would be forced 
to reveal funds spent for such pur- 
poses as labor bribery, anti-union 
lobbying and strike-breaking. 

Schnitzler, as did Andrew Bie- 
miller, director of the AFL-CIO 
Dept. of Legislation, pledged con- 
tinued support for labor reform ia 
Congress. 

Other speakers included Harry 
O’Reilly of the AFL-CIO Mari- 
time Trades Dept., John Brophy 
of the AFL-CIO Industrial Union 
Dept., Archibald Cox, Harvard 
University professor of law, and 
Meyer Lewis, former AFL organ- 
izer who helped found the National 
Council of Grain Processors which 
preceded formation of the inter- 
national union. 


Labor Editors to.Review 


‘Gyp’ Sheets 


The role of the labor press in combatting “right-to-work” legisla- 
tion, a progress report on curbing racket sheets and workshop ses- 


papers will highlight the annual 


convention of the Intl. Labor Press Association in Washington Nov. 


AFL-CIO editors at the Hotel 
Washington also will feature pres- 
entation of the 1958 labor press 
journalistic awards, with the judg- 
ing this year done by the journal- 
ism faculty of the University of 
California at Los Angeles. 

The convention call, signed by 
ILPA Pres. Peter E. Terzick and 
Sec.-Treas. Bernard R. Mullady, 
declares that “the effectiveness 
of our Code of Ethics will be re- 
viewed in the light of the events 
of the last year,” and that a 
“progress report on the efforts of 
ILPA to curtail the activities of 
racket papers will be a feature 
of the program.” 

The ILPA Advertising Commit- 


ceeds him as setretary-treasurer of 


] come along. 


council, 


The three-day convention of® 


editor of the Chattanooga Labor 
World, which has been making an 
exhaustive study of the problem of 
advertising in the labor press, is 
slated to make a full report to the 
convention, 

The general workshop sessions 
will be chaired by James. Good- 
sell, editor of the Oregon Labor 
Press, and will feature Edwin 
A. Lahey, chief of the Washing- - 
ton bureau for Knight newspa- 
pers and an outstanding labor 
reporter, and Wesley McCune, 
director of public relations for 
the National Farmers Union. 

The journalistic awards will be 

presented at the annual ILPA ban- 
quet Nov. 22. The main speaker 


tee headed by Brownic Cuthbert,| 


| will be announced later. 


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| 


AFL-CIO NEWS, 


——===—- 


1AM Strikes Capital: 


Mediators 
Airline Settlement 


Conciliation sessions aimed at 


chanics and ground crew members were under way in Washington |} 


Seek | 


ending a walkout of 2,500 me- 


between the Machinists and Capital Airlines as the international 


union granted strike sanction to 
two other air lines running. 


the men who keep the planes of 


° 


All of Capital’s equipment, which * 


serves 51 cities east of the Mis- 
sissippi River, has been grounded, 
and about 5,000 additional em- 
ployes have been furloughed. 

Meantime, union negotiators 
armed with strike sanction were 
attempting to reach agreement in 
New York with Eastern | Air- 
lines, covering 5,500 mechanics 
and ground crewmen, and in St. 
Paul, Minn., with Northwest 
Airline, involving about 2,000 
wnion members. 

In addition, collective bargaining 
was going on between the union 
and Trans-World Airline in Kansas 
City, and negotiations were shap- 
ing up with National and North- 
eastern. 

The activity is the climax of a 
year of fruitless bargaining and 
government action on IAM de- 


mands of all six lines of substan- 
tial wage increases and severance 
pay, agreements on struck work 
and picket lines, and other contract 
improvements. 

After six months of meetings, a 
presidential emergency board took 
over under the Railway Labor Act. 
It filed a report on Sept. 15 rec- 
ommending a 9 percent wage in- 
crease over two years and a limited 
form of severance pay, and pro- 
posed that the union drop other 
demands. 

The companies accepted the rec- 
ommendations, The union reject- 
ed them, citing the inadequacy of 
the proposed pay hike, but an- 
nounced its willingness to use them 
as a basis for resumption of nego- 
tiations. Bargaining since then has 
failed to produce results. 


UAW Steps Up Pace 
Of GM Settlements 


Detroit—Thousands of Auto 


Workers trooped back to their 


jobs at General Motors as local negotiators reached agreement on 
issues that had kept UAW members on strike nearly three weeks 


after signing of a new national 


contract. 


The UAW announced that completion of local negotiations at 


a total of 97 GM units sent more 
than 250,000 production workers 
back ta the assembly lines. Still 
jdled were fewer than 30,000 mem- 
bers of 27 bargaining units, with all 
signs pointing to speedy settle- 
ments of the remaining local issues. 

UAW Pres. Walter P. Reuther 
and Vice Pres. Leonard. Woodcock 
held a special meeting with Louis 
G. Seaton, GM’s vice president in 
charge of personnel, to report that 
the national agreement had been 


Pilots Blame 
Sky Crash on— 
Rules, Radar 


Chicago — “Outmoded civil air 
regulations” and “obsolescent radar 
equipment” were blamed by the Air 
Line Pilots for the collision of a 
Capital Airlines Viscount and an 
Air Force T-33 over Brunswick, 
Md., on May 20. 

The charges were based on con- 
clusions reached by an investigat- 
ing team of six members of the 
pilots’ union which made an ex- 
haustive study of the wreckage, tes- 
timony of witnesses and other fac- 
tors involved in the collision. 
Twelve persons were killed and one 
survived. 

The pilots said their investi- 
gation confirmed that the pilot 
of the T-33, flying under visual 
flight rules, apparently did not 
see the Viscount in time to evade 
it, and that the military plane 
hit the airliner from such a posi- 
tion that it was not visible to the 
crew. The Viscount was flying 
under instrument rules. 

“Obsolescent equipment in the 
Washington air traffic control cen- 
ter did not allow the controller to 
observe the T-33 in time to offer 
advisory assistance to the crew of 
the Viscount,” the report ‘added. 

The pilots grimly noted that “this 
accident was a long time happen- 
ing, but it will not be the last of 
its type.” 

“Partial blame must be laid 
wpon outmoded civil air regula- 
tions that govern all civil fiy- 
ing,” the report noted in the com- 
mittee’s recommendations, 


| ratified by an overwhelming ma- 
jority in secret ballot elections. 
Meanwhile, production was 
back to normal at Ford and 
Chrysler, the other members of 
the industry’s “Big Three,” which 
reached agreement with the 
. UAW prior to the General Mo- 
tors settlement. Production was 
resumed at four plants of Ameri- 
can Motors after a new three- 
year pact was agreed upom seven 
hours after 13,000 UAW mem- 
bers walked off the job. 


The union reported contract talks 
were continuing with Studebaker, 
the only remaining automobile 
manufacturer which has not signed 
a 1958 contract with the UAW. A 
union spokesman reported “satis- 
factory progress” in these talks. 


Push Chrysler Talks 

- Negotiations also are continuing 
at Chrysler for a new contract coy- 
ering 8,000 office and engineer- 
ing workers. The union agreed to 
negotiate a separate contract for 
these salaried workers when it 
reached agreement on the three- 
year pact for production workers. 

In. the agricultural implement 
field, 20,000 UAW members neared 
the end of the second week of a 
strike against Caterpillar Tractor 
Co.’s plants in Illinois and Penn- 
sylvania. The union is seeking a 
contract patterned after the “Big 
Three” agreement. Union.spokes- 
men reported no new developments, 
as talks were recessed for an in- 
definite period. 

Negotiations continue with the 
other agricultural implement firms 
—Intl. Harvester, Allis Chalmers 
and John Deere. No strike dead- 


‘|lines have as yet been set and the 


55,000 UAW members employed 
by these three manufacturers are 
working without contracts. 

_ Six thousand union members 
struck four plants of Mack 
Trucks, Inc., in New York, New 
Jersey and Pennsylvania when 
their previous contract expired 
without agreement on a new pact. 
Almost continuous negotiations 
-are going forward in New York 
under a.news “blackout,” and de- 
tails of the issues dividing the 
company and the union were not 
available, 


eas 


the sponsorship of the AFL-CIO 


WASHINCTON, D. C., SATURDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1958 


AFL-CIO UNIONS which bargain with the country’s two largest electrical appliance manufacturers 
have formed a Conference on op larg Security in General Electric and Westinghouse under 

ndustrial Union Dept. Among those present at the organiza- © 
tion meeting were (left to right) Irving Beller, IUD research associate; Research Dir. Al Ep- 
stein of the Machinists; Leonard Lesser, IUD social security specialist; IUD Dir. Al Whitehouse; 
Pres. James B. Carey, Electrical, Radio & Machine Workers; IUE Research Dir. David Lasser; 
Osmero Bartelli of the TUE News; Les Finnegan, administrative aide to the IUE 
Intl. Rep. A. P. Bellissimo of the Brotherhood of Electrical Workers. | 


president, and 


ABC Plans 
To Appeal in 


Assets Fight 


The AFL-CIO American Bakery 
& Confectionery Workers’ legal 
fight for a share in the assets of the 
Bakery & Confectionery Workers 
will be carried to the U.S. Court of 
Appeals, ABC Pres. Daniel Con- 
way and ‘Gen. Counsel Henry 
Kaiser announced after a rebuff in 
U.S. District Court. - 

The ABC was set up by the AFL- 
CIO after it had expelled the BCW 
because of corrupt domination. It 
has since grown to 75,000 mem- 
bers, taking most of them from the 
BCW and cutting the old union’s 
membership roughly in half. 

The AFL-CIO affiliate is seeking 
a proportion of nearly $3 million in 
the BCW’s general funds in ratio 
to the membership it has taken 
from the expelled union. It also 
seeks the segregation 6f a $2.8 mil- 
lion sick and death fund it claims 
is in danger of being diverted to 
other purposes. : 

The first round went to the BCW 
when the suit was dismissed on 
technical legal grounds by Judge 
Edward A. Tamm, who ruled the 
ABC had no proper cause of action. 


“It is evident to those familiar 
with the law and labor unions,” 
said Kaiser, “that this suit is un- 
precedented, although founded 
on the time-honored principle of 
equity that one who does wrong 
should not be enriched at the ex- 
pense of those he wronged. 


“The case is still very much alive 
and may still—in its final and de- 
cisive stage—make new, construc- 
tive law.” — " 


Cross’ Perjury 
Plea: ‘Not Guilty’ 


Pres. James G. Cross of the 
Bakery & Confectionery Workers 
pleaded not guilty in U.S. -District 
Court to a charge of perjury before 
the Senate’s McClellan committee. 

Cross, whose union was expelled 
from the AFL-CIO on findings of 
corrupt leadership, was charged 
with lying when he testified before 
the committee that he was not in 
a San Francisco hotel room, on 
Oct. 21, 1956, where several dele- 
gates to the union’s’ convention 
allegedly were beaten. The wife of 
one delegate gave the committee 
4conflicting testimony. 

Judge Alexander Holtzoff set 
trial for Dec. 1 and fixed bail at 
$2,000. Cross’ lawyer was Edward 
Bennett Williams, general counsel 
for the Teamsters, which also was 


Unions Join Forces, 
Oppose ‘Savings’ Plan 


AFL-CIO unions attempting to negotiate job security with the 
country’s two largest manufacturers of electrical appliances have 
formed a Conference on Employment Security in General Electric 
and Westinghouse under the sponsorship of the AFL-CIO Industrial 
Union Dept. Their objectives include the pooling of information 


= 


union cooperation. 


In addition, they will bolster each 
other’s opposition to the so-called 
“stock savings plan” proposals of- 
fered by both employers and re- 
jected by the unions on the ground 
they could deprive the workers of 
money already due them and fail to 
provide job security for employes 
most needing it. 


Reach Stalemate 

The conference was organized at 
a meeting in AFL-CIO headquar- 
ters in the wake of a stalemate in 
negotiations between General Elec- 
tric and the Electrical, Radio & 
Machine Workers, one of the mem- 
bers of the new inter-union organ- 
ization, and a delay in its sessions 
with Westinghouse until Oct. 29. 

In addition, the IUE’s battle 
with GE before the Securities & 
Exchange Commission over the 
legality of the company’s “stock 
savings” program went into an-— 
other round. 

IUE Pres. James B. Carey re- 
jected the SEC’s reply to his earlier 
charge that GE was guilty of “will- 
ful and deliberate failure” to file a 
registration statement for the stock 
it proposes to sell its employes. 

In a new complaint, Carey told 
SEC Chairman Edward N. Gadsby 
that GE’s “amendment” of its plan 
before belatedly filing a statement 
was not enough. The company, 
Carey maintained, should have been 
asked for additional information 
and copies of all propaganda it dis- 
tributed before the filing. 

The registration statement, Carey 
declared, does not reveal “all mat- 
ters as to which an average prudent 
investor ought reasonably to be in- 
formed before purchasing the se- 
curity registered.” 


Asks for New SEC Order 


He asked the SEC to issue an 
order suspending effectiveness of 
the registration statement, setting 
a date for a hearing on its com- 
pleteness and accuracy, and order- 
ing GE to issue and distribute state- 
ments describing the changes and 
making it clear previously-signed 
participation authorization cards 
signed by the employes are null and 
void. : 

The AFL-CIO Industrial Un- 
ion Dept. made public a detailed 


expelled by the AFL-CIO, | 


useful in bargaining and close inter-® 


analysis of the Westinghouse 


oie haa, o et et 
eee 7 3 ee be eae 


10 Firms Indicted 
In Price Conspiracy 


Toledo, O.—A_ wholesale 
distributor and nine retailers 
have been indicted by a Fed- 
eral District Court jury on 
charges of illegally conspiring 
to restrain the sale and dis- 
tribution of major appliances 
made by the General Electric 
Co. 

The indictment accuses the 
defendants of agreeing illegal- 
ly to fix prices, boycott com- 
peting retailers and generally 
suppress competition in the 
sale of the appliances in the 
Toledo area. 

Retailers listed among the 
defendants include the La- 
salle & Koch division of the 
R. H. Macy & Co., now [| 
‘struck by the Retail Clerks, 


“forced savings” plan, which was 
offered the bargaining unions 
after GE had acted and is similar 
in its major points, 

The analysis indicates the com- 
pany will gain at the expense of 
the worker if the plan is accepted, 
the IUD said in condemning it as 
expressing nothing but “the phi- 
losophy that the individual worker 
should save to provide his own se- 
curity.” 


CWA Wins Pay Hike 
At Western Electric 


New York—A last-minute con- 
cession by the Western Electric Co. 
averted -a scheduled nationwide 
strike of 15,400 telephone equip- 
ment installers who are members 
of the Communication Workers. 


The agreement, on a reopener of 
a two-year contract, provides 5 to 9 
cents more fof hourly-paid workers 
and $1.50 to $2 a week more for 
salaried job clerks. 


A company offer of a fourth 
week of vacation for employes 
with 30 years of service was re- 
jected by the union, which charged 
that “strings” attached to the offer 
would have taken away 16 times 
more than the value of .the extra 
vacation time. Western Electric 
wanted to abandon the practice of 
including overtime pay in vacation 
checks. o— 


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"international ' 


Page Four 


AFL-CIO NEWS, WASHINGTON, D. ce SATURDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1958 


~NLRB Studies Closed Mill’s s Ownership 


LAWYERS FOR THE UNION, the company and the National Labor Relations Board seek in this 
hearing, held in the Charlotte, N. C., public library, a ruling whether Deering, Milliken.& Co., giant 
textile empire, and its president, Roger Milliken, should be held responsible for the unfair labor prac- 
tices of the Darlington Manufacturing Co. The Darlington, S. C., mill closed down two years ago 


rather than bargain with the Textile Workers. 


At stake is possible back pay and an offer of jobs 


for 540 Darlington workers ruthlessly thrown out of work shortly before Christmas in 1956. 


By Dave 
Charlotte, N. C.—A National 


Textile Workers Ask 
Justice at Darlington 


Perlman 
Labor Relations Board trial ex- 


aminer is presiding over the excavation of the two-year-old grave of 
the once-flourishing Darlington Mfg. Co. 

A hundred miles away, the hollow shell of an 80-year-old textile 
mill and the hollow lives of still-jobless men and women who once 


to the determination of a 43-year- 
old textile baron to teach his work- 


ijers a lesson that they— and the 


South—-would never forget. 

With cool detachment, | Roger 
Milliken had closed down the 
biggest ‘industry in the town of 
Darlington, S. C., rather than deal 
with the union his employes had 
chosen to represent them. 


Found Guilty i 
An NLRB trial examiner ruled, 
back in May 1957, that the com- 
pany was guilty of a host of un- 


Bricklayers Set Organizing Drive 
In Residential Construction Field 


Atlantic City, N. J.—A drive to organize masonry and brick workers in the home construction 


field was voted by the 66th convention of the Bricklayers, Masons and Plasterers Intl. Union. 


The 625 delegates approved recommendations by Pres. Harry C. Bates and Sec. John J. Murphy 
to launch organizational programs at the local level among qualified non-union men. The program 
calls for reduced initiation fees, expanded apprenticeship programs and the establishment of wage 


scale differentials if necessary. =» 


fair labor practices—including co- 
ercing and intimidating its em- 
ployes and then closing its plant 
and selling its machinery in order 
to avoid bargaining with the Tex- 
tile Workers Union, 

But the board’ examiner also 
said there was no meaningful 
remedy he could direct. The best 
he could do, he ruled, was to 
order the company to publish 


The convention authorized 
the executive board to set up 
separate local unions to organize 
in the residential construction 
field in areas where a separate 
local is necessary. 

‘The convention also approved a 
pension and retirement plan for 
Officers and staff 
members and adopted a number of 
resolutions dealing with labor-and 
legislative affairs. - 

The delegate pledged the union 
to intensify its efforts “to secure 
the enactment of legislation that 
would realize the comprehensive 
housing program labor has sought 
...a good home within the reach 
of every American family.” 

Housing legislation adopted by 
Congress, said Bates in his report, 
although a step in the right direc- 
tion, “fell far short of providing the 
answer to America’s housing 
needs.” 

The 93-year-old 138,000-mem- 
ber union holds conventions every 
two years but elécts every four 
years. 

Murphy in his report noted 
that while the use of masonry 
material is declining in commer- 
cial construction, the use of 


Court Order 
Holds Assets 


At Darlington 


Charlotte, N. C.—The Darling- 
ton Mfg. Co. has $448,000 in assets 
frozen by court order pending a 
decision on the union’s back-pay 
claims on behalf of the 540 workers 
who lost their jobs when the mill 
closed down in December 1956. - 

Even if the NLRB hearings here 
fail to hold the Deering, Milliken 
Co. textile chain, or Roger Milliken 


its president, as an individual, res- 


ponsible for the unfair labor prac- 
tices of the Darlington mill, some 
compensation may be possible for 
the former employes. 

The Textile Workers Union has 
appealed the original finding of the 
NLRB trial examiner that no back 
pay remedy was possible in view 
of the closing of the Darlington 
mill, The examiner said he could 
find no basis in the law for deter- 
mining the proper period for which 
back pay could be allowed. The 
TWUA has asked the NLRB to 
overrule the examiner and direct 
a cash settlement out of Darlington 
funds for the workers, 


brick has been steadily increas- 
ing in residential construction 
and that residential building now 
accounts for more than 50 per- 
cent of all building. 

Murphy said that in 1949 some 
25 percent of the new homes were 
constructed of brick. In 1957 that 
figure, had increased to 40 percent 
with the result that 70 percent of 
all bricks shipped during 1957 went 
| to the residential home market. 

This situation makes it more im- 


Textile Em 


quired several southern mills and 


a notice promising to rehire the 


portant than ever, Murphy and 
Bates told the convention, that the 
union organize in the residential 


540 workers if Darlington ever 
resumed operation and promise 


field. : 

In his report Bates, also an AFL- 
CIO vice president, predicted a 
boom in construction activity: “at 
least through the end of 1959.” 
He added there is some hope that 
the Congress and the Administra- 
tion will take action to stimulate 
and encourage the trend toward 
ee construction. 


pire Head 


Third in Family to Rule 


Forty-three year old Roger Milliken is the third generation of his 
family to head the Deering, Milliken textile empire. 

Old Seth Milliken was the first. 
raised in Mainé, he founded Deering, Milliken & Co. in 1866. 
Before he passed control on te his son, Gerrish, he had already ac- 


A shrewd Yankee, born and 


not to threaten, discharge or 
otherwise penalize employes for 
union activities. 

With the plant closed and the 
equipment dispersed, the examiner 
conceded, the “cease and desist” or- 
der was “futile.” 

The Darlington mill, the NLRB 
said in effect, was dead. 

The verdict—suicide. 

The remedy—nothing. 

The TWUA has insisted all 
along that the grave was an empty 
one. The Darlington mill, it argued, 
was an integral part of the far- 
flung Deering, Milliken chain—the 
southern textile empire financially 
controlled from New York City. 

The union is seeking an offer of 
jobs at other Deering, Milliken mills 
for the Darlington workers—plus 
back pay from the time they were 


had moved his home and _ head- 
quarters to New York City. There 
he died in 1920 at the age of 84. 
He listed his occupation in Who’s 
Who as “capitalist.” 

Son Gerrish was graduated 
from Yale. As he moved up to 
the presidency of Deering, Milli- 
ken, he acquired membership in 
New York City’s Union League 
Club along with directorships 
of the National City Bank of 
New York and a_ half-dozen 
lesser concerns. His home ad- 
dress was on Park Ave., but al- 
ready the corporation’s holdings 
had been largely concentrated in 
the South. 


the growing textile empire, attended 
exclusive Groton preparatory 
school during the height of the de- 
pression. He was a freshman at 
Yale when the Wagner Act was 
passed. 

When he became president of 
Decring, Milliken & Co. in 1947, 
he in turn acquired a directorship 
in the National City Bank and, of 
course, membership in the Union 
League Club. Leaving New York, 
the grandson of Yankee trader Seth 
Milliken moved his home to Spart- 
anburg, S. C., heart of his textile 
domain. : 

While Roger was still serving 
his apprenticeship, his father 
had given him a lesson in union- 
busting.. In 1945, the TWUA 
had a local at a Deering, Milli- 
ken plant at Gaffaey, S. C. When 
Seth Milliken refused to renew 
the contract, the union was 


Roger Milliken, heir apparent to 


forced on strike. The Army took 
over the plant and put into effect 
a 5-cent increase under a War 
Labor Board directive. 


When the Army turned the mill 
back to Deering, Milliken four 
months later, the company can- 
celled the wage increase. The 22- 
month strike that followed ended 
with the union broken and the 
workers starved into submission. 


laid off. 

Milliken’s role as president of 
the Darlington Manufacturing 
Co. was merely a part of his role 
as president of Deering, Milli- 
ken & Co., the union charged, 

On appeal by the TWUA, the 
case was finally remanded to the 
examiner to hear evidence dealing 
with the relationship between the 
Darlington Manufacturing Co., 


ROGER MILLIKEN is shown as he watched the public auction of 
his Darlington, S. C., mill after he closed it down rather than ne- 
gotiate with a union. The police chief of Darlington (left) stood 
close by as the piecemeal sale of the plant left more than 500 
workers jobless for the “crime” of voting to’ be represented by 
the Textile Workers Union, 


worked there stand as a monument® 


Deering, Milliken & Co., and Milli- 
ken personally. 

Shortly after the new hearing got 
under way, the trial examiner dis- 
missed the complaint against Roger 
Milliken, as an individual and the 
NLRB upheld his- ruling. The. 
hearing is continuing to determine 
whether Deering, Milliken Co., Inc. 
should be held responsible for the 
unfair labor practics of the Darling- 
ton mill. 

If the Darlington mill is found 
to have been only a branch opera- 
tion of a chain of mills, the parent 
corporation presumably would be 
directed to provide redress to the 
fired workers—back pay and an of- 
fer of jobs at other Deering, Milli- 
ken mills: 

Learned ‘Lesson’ Well 

One Milliken-controlled mill is 
only 10 miles from Darlington. Its 
workers learned the lesson of Darl- 
ington well, They don’t have a 
union. 

Neither do workers at any of 
the 28 other Deering, Milliken mills 
scattered through the Southland. 

Most of the testimony at the 
NLRB hearing at Charlotte has 
been highly technical—warp and 
woof for the accountant and lawyer 
rather than for the textile worker. 

The dramatic story of the 
campaign of intimidation waged 
against the union was told two 
years ago at the earlier hearing. 
The facts are on record—unchal- 
lenged—regarding the intimida- 
tion and threats of blacklist used 
in the unsuccessful -attempt to 
dissuade Darlington workers 
from voting for the TWUA. 

Also on record is the sickening 
story of the futile pleas to Milliken 
to reconsider his decision to close 
the mill rather than deal with the 
union. 


Atmosphere of Fear 


_In a whipped-up atmosphere of 

hysteria and fear, more than 400 
of the workers signed supervisor- 
circulated petitions recanting their 
support for the union. The mayor 
of Darlington traveled hat in hand 
to New York to plead with the 
Deering, Milliken president for a 
reprieve. 

Milliken noted coldly that there 
was still a “hard core” of 17 
percent of the employes who had 
not recanted their union support. 
He didn’t think he could profita- 
bly run the mill with such a hard 
core of resistance to the stretch- 
out and speedup which had led 
the mill workers to organize. 

Back in Darlington, there is 
awareness of the NLRB hearings 
now going on, but no one is very 
much excited over it. They know, 
realistically, that even if the NLRB 
holds Deering, Milliken & Co. re- 
sponsible for the loss of jobs, the 
company can appeal to the courts. 
The case can drag on. 


Meanwhile, the younger work- 
ers have left for other areas or 
have been slowly absorbed in 
other jobs. 

Most of the older. workers, 
many of whom had worked for 
no other employer and knew no 
other way of earning a liveli- 
hood, have been forced into un- 
willing, unhappy idleness—pre- 
maturely removed from the labor 
market because of age. 


Many Darlington businessmen are 


bitter at the union for “causing” 
the mill to close down. Occasion- 
ally, however, you will find sore- 
one who is also miffed at Roger 
Milliken. 


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TRAINED MEDICAL TECHNICIANS move right into plants under contract with BACK IN THE MOBILE SURVEY team’s laboratory in Harrisburg blood and 
the Ladies Garment Workers Union in Central and Western Pennsylvania and other specimens are analyzed. The information, along with a medical history, is 
conduct a diagnostic survey. A blood speciman is being taken from this worker’s turned over to a physician who informs the worker and his doctor of the results. 
finger for intensive laboratory analysis. Over 7,000 workers are visited over a two-year period in 100 ILGWU plants. 


Bringing the Clinic to the Plant: : 


Mobile Units Check Garment Workers Ills 


4 becutt LADIES GARMENT Workers Union has come up with 

a unique approach to the problem of medical care for 7,000 of 
its members in 100 plants scattered over 50,000 square miles in 
Central and Western Pennsylvania. 

Instead of bringing the workers to a clinic for diagnostic services, 
it brings the clinic directly to the workers in the plants. 

Specially designed, light equipment is carried to the factory in a 
pair of station wagons and set up in a space as small as 8x10 feet. 

A highly trained staff of medical technicians takes necessary 
specimens for laboratory tests, a medical history and blood pressure 
reading, and checks vision. 

Some of the tests on blood specimens are performed on the spot, 
others are sent back to the laboratory for more exhaustive analysis. 

The laboratory tests and the case history are studied by a physician 
who then dictates a detailed letter to the worker’s family physician 
and the worker. 

From 85 to 100 percent of the ILGWU members in each shop 
take advantage of the opportunity to participate in the survey, which 
takes about a half-hour per worker. 

In most cases the member learns that no abnormalities were found 
on the basis of the tests. About 30 percent of the workers are 
advised to see their doctors. Less than 5 percent receive “urgent” 
letters, or sometimes even phone calls, telling them of a serious 
condition needing immediate medical attention. 

The regularly scheduled shop surveys take place every two years. 
The entire program is financed from employer contributions to a 
health and welfare fund. 


THE HEALTH AND WELFARE FUND negotiated by the ILGWU with garment plants in the 
area provides the money for two station wagons, light diagnostic equipment and the salaries of four 
two-techniciar teams to conduct the mobile survey over a 50,000-square mile area. A physician 
serving as medical director supervises the program. 


A VITAL PART of the diagnostic survey is a careful medical history DR. JAMES BLOOM of Harrisburg, medical director for the mobile survey, looks over the results 
compiled in a detailed interview with the worker. The medical of the laboratory work and the case history and writes the worker on whether he (or she) should 
history, combined with the laboratory work, rounds out the picture see the family physician and what the survey shows. About 5 percent of the members get “urgent” 
of a person’s health, letters, with _ to their doctors, to take immediate action. 


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Page Six 


=. 


é - 


Ike Capitulates _ 


RES. EISENHOWER HAS DESCENDED -from his self-| 
appointed “above-the-battle” role, discarded the garb of “mod-| 


ern Republicanism” and has capitulated to the phony “socialism” 
and ‘labor bosses” themes of the Alcorns, Nixons and other right- 
wingers. 


On the campaign trail in California, the President has ignored | . 


organized labor’s support for many of his programs and completely 
distorted the legislative history of the Kennedy-Ives bill. 

’ With neither a nod nor a word for the self-initiated anti-cor- 
ruption program of the AFL-CIO, the President called for legisla- 
tion to “enable workers to free themselves of their corrupt labor 
bosses who have betrayed their trust.” 


He charged the Democrats “scuttled” legislation to curb cor- 
ruption and racketeering in labor-management relations, without 
reference to the documented history that the Republicans in Con- 
gress, with the support of the Administration and backed by 
business organizations and the corruption-dominated Teamsters, 


killed the only bill that would have effectively dealt with the abuses | * 


revealed by the McClellan and other committees, 

Only Republicans can produce effective legislation in this area, 
the President claimed. But the history of the last Congress is that 
Republican labor bills and amendments would have severely 
crippled the trade union movement, 

The President has raised the 1936-style issues of “socialism” 
and “nationalization” and linked them with leaders of organized 
labor. This can only be described as a gratuitous insult to the 
intelligence of the American voter. 

On Oct. 11, the AFL-CIO News expressed the hope that the 
President would repudiate the phony “‘politico-labor boss” approach 


and present his case to the American people in terms of the issues 
as they flow from his record in the White House. 


The President, apparently, has seen fit to throw in his lot with 
the partisan, win-at-any-price Nixonites who place a congressional 
victory above the welfare of the nation. 


The Desecrated Temples 
HERE is no simple explanation for the recent wave of bomb- 
ings of Jewish temples, but the wanton and cruel acts of vio- 

lence dramatize the prejudice and intolerance which have infected 
many geographic areas. 

The physical threats to places of worship and to schools cannot 
be separated from the general pattern of lawlessness which has 
characterized resistance to court orders on desegregation in the 
public schools. 

Pres. Eisenhower’s denunciation of the bombings and the use 
of the Federal Bureau of Investigation are to be commended. But 
the right of the FBI to participate fully in the inquiry into the 
abridgments of democratic rights must be made unmistakably clear 
by passage of suitable legislation by Congress. 

Every house of worship, every school, town hall and union hall 
is in danger of attack so long as the lawless atmosphere that trig- 
gered the temple bombings is not dissipated. 


\ 


anna 


\ 


NY 


Ni 


Official Weekly Publication 
of the 
American Federation of Labor and 
Congress of Industrial Organizations 


GEorGE MEANY, President 
WILLIAM F, SCHNITZLER, Secretary-Treasurer 


Executive Council : 

George M. Harrison Harry C. Bates 
James B. Carey Wm. C. Doherty 
Chas. J. MacGowan David J. McDonald 
Wm. L. McFetridge Joseph Curran 


Walter P. Reuther 
Wm. C. Birthright 

, David Dubinsky 
Emil Rieve 


M. A. Hutcheson A. J. Hayes Joseph D. Keenan 
L. S. Buckmaster Jacob S. Potofsky — A. Philip Randolph 
Richard F. Walsh: Lee W. Minton Joseph A. Beirne 
James A. Suffridge O. A. Knight Karl F. Feller 


Paul L. Phillips 


Executive Committee: George Meany, Walter P. Reuther, George 
M. Harrison, James B. Carey, Harry C. Bates, David J. McDonald, 
David Dubinsky, William F. Schnitzler 
Director of Publications: Saul Miller 

Managing Editor: Willard Shelton 
Assistant Editors: 
Gervase N. Love, David L, Perlman, Eugene C. Zack 


AFL-CIO Headquarters: 815 Sixteenth St., N. W. 
Washington 6, D. C. 
Telephone: NAtional 8-3870 


| Subscriptions: $2 a year; 10 or more, $1.50 a year 


Peter T. Schoemann L. M. Raftery 


Vol. II “Saturday, October 25, 1958 No. 43 


ill 


The American Federation of Labor and Congress of In- 
dustrial Organizations does not accept paid advertising in 
any of its official publications. No one is authorized to solicit 
advertising for any publication in the name of the AFL-CIO. 


AFL-CIO NEWS, ‘WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, OCTOBER 25,'1958 — 
- or = = = : 


Off Target 


7t4 
Ls oe Saye 
AFL-CIO 
NEw? oe 


T’ Save Th’ Workin’ Man 


Roscoe Fleming, syndicated columnist and widely 
known free lance writer, wrote the following com- 
mentary on the “right-to-work” referendum in Col- 
orado known as Amendment 5. The article appeared 
in the Oete 15 issue of the. Denver Post. entitled: 
“*T’ Save Th’ Workin’ Man, Mr. Dooley on Amend- 
ment 5.” 


R. DOOLEY SERVED Mr. Hennessey without 
a word, his forehéad creased in thought. Mr. 
Hennessey finally asked: 

“What about this amendment No. 5 that so many 
cars has got stickers against, except the Rools-Royce 
I seen goin’ down the street?” 

“Well,. what about it?” asked Mr. Dooley. “Hin- 
nissey, all ye got to know about No. 5 is that it 
represents the effort iv some iv Colorado’s kindly 
employers t’ save the-honest workin’ man fr’m the 
domination iv labor bosses—an’ from himself, iv 
course. 

“These labor bosses have got the honest workin’ 
man shorter hours an’ higher pay, an’ have worked 
hard—they ain’t no union hours fr them. 

“An’ they have got the workin’ man goin’ 
around with his head up, thinkin’ he’s as good as 
anny other American includin’ his kindly employ- 
er, which iv course is socialistic nonsense. 


“This state iv things is intolerable to some who 
think back t’ the good ol’ days when there wasn’t 
anny iv this stuff about unions an’ collective bar- 
gainin’ an’ a man bein’ as good as. his employer; 
an’ whin they could turn out the militia at the drop 
iv an injunction, if the honest workin’ man got anny 
such anarchistic ideas. 


Douglas on Corruption: 


The following is excerpted from an address by 
Sen. Paul H. Douglas (D-lil.) to the merger con- 
-vention of the Illinois AFL-CIO. 

AS A MEMBER OF the Senate Committee on 
Banking and Currency, I have felt it my duty to keep 
a watchful eye on embezzlements by bank officials. 
I am not going to give you the figures, but it is a 
shockingly high total and probably only a fraction 
of the actual thefts come to light. 

When these regrettable incidents are revealed, the 
news-gatherers and opinion-makers treat each case 
as a personal failure and do not indict bankers as a 
class. I am glad they do this because I am convinced 
that considering their temptations, bankers as a 
group are a reputable class. 


ports that from one-half to $3 billion a year is lost 
by businesses in thefts and embezzlements, and when 
the New York Times refers to estimates of $5 billion 
in white-collar kickbacks, pay-offs, gratuities and 
bribes in one year, it hardly seems to cause a raised 
eyebrow, and certainly nothing so extreme as a call 
for reform. 


But when labor leaders go wrong, their sins are 


Mr. Dooley on ‘Right-to-Work’ 


“They remimber whin an employer wud give each 
‘man a turkey fr Christmas an’ say: 

“Me brave lads, we have done well this year, due 
to me superior brains, aided iv course be your honest 
efforts... We have done so well we won't need so 
many iv ye. Those whose names I call out, kindly 
step to the cashier’s windy an’ draw their time along 
with their turkey. Come back in’ the spring if you're 
still alive, an’ we may have somethin’ f'r ye.’” 

“I> UT,” ASKED MR. Hennessey, “what's all this 
we hear about labor needin’ rayform?” 

“Hinnissey,” answered Mr. Dooley, “they’s ray- 
forms an’ rayforms. Ye can run a man over with 
a steamroller an’ he’ll be rayformed all right, but 
he won’t be in anny shape f° be good fr annything 
else.” 

Mr. Hennessey pondered a moment. “What's Ed 
Johnson got to do with it?” he asked. “I seen where 
somebody who won't sign his name, has got Ed 
Johnson pegged as bein’ nothin’ but a dummy fr 
the labor bosses.” 

“I seem t’ remimber,” answered Mr. Dooley dryly, 
“that lots of people have tried to run over Ed John- 
son, but have got nothin’ but a puncture f'r their 
pains, even when Ed was runnin’ for something fr 
himself.” 

“You said before,” said Mr. Hennessey, “that 
these fellows behind Amendment 5 is tryin’ to save 
the honest workin’ man. What do they aim to save 
him f'r?” ; 

“Why, fr themselves, iv course,” answered Mr. 
Dooley. “They’re makin’ an investment, just the 
same as in any other kind iv labor-savin’ ma 
chinery.” 


Double Standard Called Unfair 


paraded as typical of their class by a large section 
of the press. , per 

It is, however, somewhat galling to see the shady 
dealings of management in labor relations glossed 
over. Nathan Shefferman was just as guilty as Dave 
Beck—indeed, he was perhaps more so, because he 
was at least partially, responsible for leading Beck 
astray and swerving him from his sworn purpose. 
And what shall we say of the firms—the New York 
Times listed well over 400 companies as Shefferman’s 
clients, several with blue-ribbon national reputations 
~—which have hired Shefferman and his kind to do 
their dirty.-work for them, while preserving technical 
immunity from any apparent legal responsibility. 

But all this is no excuse, I know you will agree, for 


Again, when the business magazine Fortune re- ” tolerating corruption and gangsterism inside our un- 


ions. 

Make of our unions institutions of which we cana 
be rightfully proud. Take part in all constructive 
forms of community service to meet the needs of 
the sick, the poor, the troubled and the oppressed. 
In the running stream of unselfish action, let us purge 
ourselves of unlovely qualities which we may have 
acquired amidst the pressures of life. 


mf icwv ce SEESTR_. 


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— ‘AFLCIO NEWS, WASHINGTON, D. C, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 25,1958 : 


Censorship Challenge: 


Curbs on UN Ba formation 
Cited in ‘Experts Report 


By Arnold Beichman 


NITED NATIONS, N. Y.—The freedom of 

the United Nations to tell its own story, regard- 

jess of the prejudices of its member nations, has been 

challenged in a report of a group of so-called experts 
appointed by the UN itself. 

The implications of the report, if it were enacted, 
are so forbidding that it has virtually been repudiated 
by Secy.-Gen. Dag Hammarskjold, who appointed 
the experts’ committee at the request of the UN Gen- 
eral Assembly. In its instructions, the Assembly 
requested that the experts be nominated by the goy- 
ernments of Egypt, India, the Soviet Union, Britain, 
the U.S. and Uruguay. 

The report is replete with seemingly innocent 
statements which in actuality would give any 
country the right to prevent the UN from broad- 
casting news of its activities during a crisis, all in 
the name of saving money for the UN. 

For example, if the report were enacted, it would 
mean that the Soviet bloc could prevent UN radio 
broadcasts dealing with the Hungarian revolt. This 


js the only interpretation which can be put on a rec- 


ommendation that the UN should end broadcasts in 
Russian, Chinese, Hungarian and Arabic. 


THE EXPERTS RECOMMENDED that instead 
of issuing “unrelated items of information material— 
a press release or booklet, a pamphlet or leaflet,” the 
UN’s Dept. of Public Information should select 
annually “one significant broad theme.” By doing 
that, “a concentrated attack on the minds of people 
could be made and a sense of awareness created.” 


Thus, say those who have studied the report, the 


UN could be turned into nothing more than a 


propaganda agency whereas, as Hammarskjold put 
it in a rebuttal statement, the UN’s job should be 
te help newspapers and radio to report the UN 


Millions Deprived of Real Voice 
In Running State Governments 


*[\‘ VERY YEAR FEWER and fewer Americans 

are exerting more and more influence on their 
state governments.” This conclusion was reached by 
The Christian Science Monitor in five articles eosin 
minority rule’s challenge to democracy. . 

The charge comes at a time when the 1958 political 
campaigning is in full stride and the doctrine of states 
tights is being shouted from many platforms. 

We are being told that unless the states remain 
sovereign, American freedom is doomed and the 
great experiment in democracy is a failure, 

Powerful pressure groups, such as the National 
Association of Manufacturers, the U.S. Chamber of 
Commerce, the private forest and lumber interests, 
play on this theme. 


When state governments were strong and more 
representative of the common people, as in the 
days of LaFollette’s and Johnson's reforms in 
Wisconsim and California, these corporate inter- 
ests sought te transfer services to Washington, 
which was then weak and uncommitted on many 
things. 


Then came Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New 


~ Deal with its strong national government and expan- 


sion of federal services. Since then these big busi- 
ness groups have been back-pedaling to get things 
into the state houses once more. Why? Because 
minority rule is more easily influenced. Because 
when a minority of voters elect state legislatures it 
doesn’t take such large sum of money or such time 


and effort to bend things in the direction special 


interests want them to go. 


THIS IMPARTIAL, TIMELY STUDY tells the 
statistical side of the story. “All 97 state legislatures 
are weighted in such a way that a minority of the 
citizens ranging from 9.5 percent in the case of the 
Connecticut House of Representatives to 48.5 percent 
ia the Massachusetts Senate can elect the majority 
of the legislators.” 


_ articles reflect their concern when they conclude: 


“fully and freely,” without favoring one point of 
view over another, 

Another policy approach recommended by the ex- 
perts, and one which was widely criticized, is that 
“the best way ... for reaching the peoples of the 
world at this time is that of working through the. goy- 
ernments of member states and through a selected 
group of individuals and organizations.” 

It was pointed out this would mean that the UN’s 
press department would have to work exclusively 
through the Kremlin on an issue dealing with the 
Soviet Union, since there are no effective independent 
organizations or individuals behind the Iron Curtain. 


ONE OF THE STATEMENTS the experts made 
was that “the weakest element is in the field of press 
relations and briefings” and that “a sustained and sys- 
tematic effort to maintain personal relations with the 
correspondents on a wide basis is lacking.” 

The invalidity of this accusation can be seen in the 
fact that the United Nations Correspondents Associa- 
tion, immediately upon publication of the report, dis- 
puted the accusation and warned of “the dangerous 
propagandist and ideological implications of the re- 
port.” 

One of the little-noted comments in the report is 
an attack on the UN’s press and publications divi- 
sion for an alleged lack of officials with “intimate 
knowledge of the cultural, social and political milieux 
in which the press and other. media actually operate 
in the different member states.” 

“These important elements necessary for effective 
press relations,” said the report, “are not adequately 
reflected in the existing staffing pattern.” 

Although the statement has a surface plausi- 
bility, what it is really criticizing is the fact that the 
UN’s Office of Public Information has, in Iron 
Curtain terms, few citizens of the Soviet bloc 
countries on its staff. 


Nationally, 51.5 million people, a third of the 
population in 1950, lived in districts which can 
elect the majority of senators to state legislatures. 
An equal number, a third of the people, reside in 
areas which send more than half of the members 
to the lower houses of state legislatures. This is 
minority rule with a vengeance. 

The problem is not caused by voter apathy. It 
has its roots in the system of representation which 
has been allowed to grow up that might have had 
merit in an earlier day when towns were small and 
cities hardly existed and rural areas and the farmers’ 
interests predominated. 


This is graphically portrayed in California where 
state senators represent geographic areas rather than 
people. The senator from a wide and sparsely settled 
area of mountain counties has only 14,014 people to 
represent; while the senator chosen by Los Angeles 
County tries to represent 4,151,687 people. 


ON THE OTHER SIDE OF the continent, one 
New Jersey upper house member has 34,423 con- 
stituents, another in the same house has 905,949. Yet 
both men have an equal vote on matters vitally affect- 
ing these widely different population units. 

This disparity between cities and rural countrysides 
is noticeable in the conservative.South. In Georgia} 
for example, the 473,572 people living in Atlanta 
have a state senator looking after their interests, 
while three rural districts with a combined _popula- 
tion of 16,237 are represented by a state senator. 
Being a citizen among these rural people makes one’s 
vote worth 29 times the value of his city neighbor. 

The legislatures are responsible for their own 
situation, for their denial of just representation in 
state government. For they make out the appor- 
tionment of legislative representatives. This is 
customarily done following each decennial census. 

Two states, Mississippi and Delaware, have not 
changed the basis of representation in 40 years. 
While all. except three states have laws requiring a 
10-year review of the matter, the conservatives in 
charge make sure that practically none of them 
adopt any drastic modernizing changes. 


For many thoughtful Americans, the Monitor 


“Fair representation and majority rule, two funda- 
mental principles of American democracy, are quietly 
vanishing from the state legislative scene. Outmoded 
or unrealistic formulas by which many legislatures are 
now apportioned deprive millions of citizens of full 
voice in what goes on at the state capitol.” 

‘This November, voters will elect thousands of 
members of state legislatures over the country. Per- 
haps, this year, the elections will pave the way to a 
change of minority rule in these legislatures. (Public 


\|=(TS YOUR 


WESAINGTON 
Willan helion 


SO FAR AS THIS OBSERVER can determine, the campaign. 
strategy of the Republican party this year has been dictated pri- 
marily by fright at finding some of its money sources drying up. 
Very large amounts of money have been flowing, clearly, to 
finance the right-wing fringe of political charlatans like Joseph 
Kamp and demagogues ‘like Edward T. Rumley, who probably 
haven’t had it so good in years. 

As a reasonably avid reader of crackpot political literature, I 
can testify that the woods are full of fringe groups proliferating 
furiously, each with its earnest little promoter attaching himself 
like a limpet to every oil-rich enterpriser and innocent corporation 
executive he can bewilder into becoming a source of funds. 
Somebody, somewhere along the line, might be making a toler- 
able living out of selling authenticated sucker lists to ambitious 
beginner charlatans. é 


xk &k * ; Lars : 
THE REPUBLICAN STORY for 1958, as it is suggested by 
embarrassed liberal spokesmen for the GOP,. is that the party’s 
financial collectors discovered they weren’t able to raise as much 
money as easily as in the past. . 
Upon investigation, the explanation goes, the campaign contribu- 
tors were found to be keeping their wallets zipped shut on the 
ground that Mr. Eisenhower in office was too confoundly “modern,” 
and that there wasn’t enough anti-labor punch and drive to the 
GOP program, and that Ike had failed to abolish the New Deal 
and bust the unions wide open. 

There is some evidence to support the theory that this is what 
makes the GOP run this way this year. 

Richard M. Nixon allowed himself the luxury of tough words 
about businessmen who divert their contributions to the crackpots 
instead of investing them with the regular party organizations. The 
Vice President is not a man to waste language on subjects he con- 
siders trivial when he goes campaigning. 

The President has certainly acted as if he had been persuaded 
to tailor his campaign utterances to the presumed taste of the big 
—and sullen—givers. His California speeches on “fumigating” 
unions and “radicalism” among northern and western Democrats 
came straight from the official last-minute GOP campaign declara- 
tion Ike had denied responsibility for at his last — conference, 

xk * 

THE SUGGESTION MAY BE offered that the GOP’s troubles 
arise primarily from a shortage of ideas and good candidates rather 
than a deficiency of money. 

The delusion that has troubled the Republicans since the days 
of the Liberty League, when a crowd of fright-crying millionaires 
tried. to defeat Franklin D. Rdosevelt for a second term, is that 
the things Roosevelt did and the ideas he gave force in our public 
life were unpopular. 

They weren’t then and they haven’t been since then. 

As for candidates, most of the Republicans who appear to be 
in serious difficulty are candidates from the Old Guard, whose 
stalwarts have been living for years on borrowed time. They are 
people out of tune with states and districts the character of which 
has changed while the officeholders refused to change with them. 

A problem of many Republicans is the weakness of leadership 
which seems to be catching up with Mr. Eisenhower. This makes 
the party as a whole vulnerable. 

Even when money is spoken of, the whole story can’t be. the 
alleged dissatisfaction of well-heeled givers with the program Ike 
has furnished them. The chairman of the GOP Finance Committee 
quit right in the middle of the Sherman Adams mess, while the 
White House was still trying to brazen out the doctrine of “he was 
imprudent but I need him.” 


SUB Issue Unresolved 
On Ohio Election Eve 


Columbus, O.—Republican Gov. C. William O’Neill, long an 
opponent of union-negotiated supplemental unemployment benefits, 
goes into the final days of his election campaign with a State Su- 
preme Court ruling on SUB still hanging fire. 

O’Neill, who has made the anti-labor “right-to-work” laws the 
basic plank in his campaign for re-® 
election, is opposed by Democrat 
Michael V. DiSalle. The Republi- 
can governor’s administration has 
blocked payment of millions of dol- 
lars in SUB to jobless Auto Work- 
ers and Steelworkers. 

The official administration op- 
position was contained in a deci- 


four giant steel companies—U. S. 
Steel, Youngstown Sheet & Tube, 
Jones & Laughlin, and Republic 
Steel. Labor’s case was pre- 
sented by David E. Feller of 
Washington, assistant general 
counsel for the Steelworkers. 
Speaking for the four steel com- 


sion by Unemployment Compensa- 
tion Administrator James R. Tiche- 
nor, who ruled that amounts paid 
under SUB must be deducted from 
state unemployment compensation 
payments. . 
The decision has been twice 
overruled by lower courts. : 
Ia a major display of unan- 
imity, management and labor 
forces to speak on behalf 
of SUB when the Ohio Supreme 
Court heard final arguments, 
The management spokesman was 


Affairs Iastitute-Washington Window.) 


William T. Swanton, counsel for 


panies, Swanton told the court that 
SUB is “socially and economically 
desirable,” and that the funds paid 
out in benefits were earned by the 
“sweat and labor” of workers. 

The O’Neill administration, the 
company lawyer said, “should ~ 
have searched for reasons to ap- 
prove it instead of seeking ex- 
cuses for blocking it.” 

Feller pointed out that 40 other 
states with unemployment compen- 
sation laws similar to Ohio’s had 


| authorized SUB payments in addi- 


tion to state jobless benefits, 


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Page Eight 


ripres “ee 


AFL-CIO NEWS, WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1958 


How to Buy: : 
Labor Health Groups 
Hit Medicine Gouge 


By Sidney Margolius 
(te HEALTH SERVICES sponsored by unions and con- 
sumer co-ops now are seeking to expand their own drug 
services as one way to beat price gouging by the big pharmaceutical 
manufacturers. : ‘ 

For unions and group health plans have come to realize that 
nowadays the cost of the medicine often 
is greater than the doctor’s fee for pre- 
scribing it. A doctor may charge you $5 
or $6, but the bill for the medicine often 
is $8 or $12 in the case of the modern anti- 
biotics, and sometimes as much as $15 or 
$20 for other drugs and vitamin. prepara- 
tions. ¥ 

Latest union-sponsored health care or- 
ganization to open its own pharmacy is the 
AFL Medical Service Plan of Philadelphia. 
The new pharmacy fills prescriptions at a 
minimum charge for union families going 
to the center for medical care. 

Both the Group Health Association in Washington, D. C., and 
the Health Insurance Plan of New York currently are. exploring 
ways to increase pharmaceutical services to members. In New 
York, more than 250,000 members of 100 union locals are using 
Group Drug Service to buy drugs and medical supplies at terrific 
savings. Other pharmacies are operated for their members by 
individual union health clinics of ladies garment workers, hotel 
workers, retail and warehouse workers, and other unions. 

CO-OP AND UNION-SERVING pharmacies throughout the 
country are working out ways to team up to beat the modern 
pharmaceutical gouge. They are seeking ways to cooperate in 
developing private brands; to educate people in how to buy drugs 
at less cost; to exchange information on products, prices and sup- 
pliers; and to educate doctors to prescribe medicines by generic 
name rather than brand name. . 

For that’s the heart of the problem. Nowadays your doctor often 
will prescribe a brand-name drug rather than the basic medicine 
itself. The brand-name equivalent invariably carries a much higher 
price tag. 

e@ Druggists sell prednisone for $10 to $18 per 100 but Meti- 
corten; its brand-name equivalent, costs $25 to $30, depending on 
the individual retailer’s pricing policies. ‘ 

e Reserpine costs $2 to $4.50 per 100, depending on where and 
how you buy it. But brand-name Serpasil costs $6. 

@ Dextroamphetamine sulphate costs you $1.45 to $2.70 per 
100. But if your doctor prescribes brand-name Dexedrine, you'll 

$5. : 
aa The new Theragran formula has a price tag of $15.75 for 180. 
But other therapeutic vitamin preparations of the same potency are 
available for as little as $7.50 for 250, a cost of three cents apiece 
compared to 8.8 cents. 

According to Harry Abrahamson, president of Celo Laboratories, 
wholesale drug cooperative, the Council of Pharmacy and Chemistry 
of the American Medical Association is reported once to have 
checked the prices of “ethical proprietaries” (the brand-name prod- 
ucts which manufacturers advertise primarily to the medical profes- 
sion). The council found that the wholesale price of 12 of the 
“ethicals” was $31.45, while the price of 12 identical pharmaceutical 
substances was $11.26. 

BUT WHILE STATE pharmaceutical associations recently have 
been trying to educate doctors to prescribe by generic name, and 
save the patients often half the price of the prescription, the AMA 
itself has been little help in combating the trend to prescribe by 
brand-name. In fact, the AMA has been a beneficiary of the ex- 
orbitant prices charged by drug companies. ; 

The Federal Trade Commission’s investigation of antibiotics’ 
prices found that 15 leading manufacturers had placed 32 pages of 
antibiotics advertising in the Journal of the AMA in 1949, but by 
1957 were buying 534 pages. 

Moreover, before 1950, generic names such as penicillin or 
streptomycin were generally mentioned. But after that date, the 
ads in the AMA Journal emphasized the various patented brand- 
name variations of penicillin or streptomycin. 

These patented brand-name variations cost much more than the 
original substances under their generic names. A dose of penicillin, 
for example, has a wholesale price of 5 or 6 cents compared to a 
wholesale price of 30 cents for a dose of the newer patented anti- 
biotics. 

THE FTC FOUND the companies it recently surveyed averaged 
about 25 cents in profit on each dollar they took in for brand-name 
antibiotics. The investigation also shows there is little truth to the 
widely-publicized alibi of the drug companies that their high prices 
are necessary to finance research for additional life-saving medicines. 

The 1956 figures of companies which reported to the FTC show 
that the actual manufacturing cost of the goods was only 39 cents, 
while selling and advertising expenses came to 22 cents, actual 
research expense was less than 7 cents and administrative and 
general expense was 9 cents. The balance, or about 24 cents, was 
profit before federal taxes. 

By the time the medicine has passed through the hands of the 
wholesaler and retailer, the price approximately doubles. The actual 
cost of manufacturing a brand-name antibiotic is only $1.95. 

Where does the rest of your $10 go? About $2.30 of it goes just 
to advertising and promotion expense and manufacturer’s profit, 
more in fact, than it cost to make the medicine. Research really 


got only about 33 cents of your money. 
= (Copyrigt 1958 by Sidney Margolius) 


Vandercook Says: : 


(This column is excerpted from the nightly 
broadcasts of John W. Vandercook, ABC com- 
mentator, sponsored by the AFL-CIO. Listen to 
Vandercook over the ABC network Monday 
through Friday at 10 p. m., EDT.) 


ITH THE ELECTION only just around time’s 

corner, a curious phenomenon has appeared; at 
least, in New York State. In this key area, not a 
single campaign poster or paid advertisement that I 
have seen has borne the word “Republican.” 

We are implored to vote for Rockefeller for gov- 
ernor, for Keating for the 
U.S. Senate,- for Messrs. 
Whozit and Whatzit for 
this or the other office. 
But nowhere do those pos- 
ters or ads reveal that 
those various smiling gen- 
tlemen represent the GOP. 

Their campaign, in cru- 
cial New York State, is 
being conducted solely on 
the appeal of the candi- 
dates’ gleaming teeth, or 
boyish cowlicks, or fam- 
ous names. The detail that they are Republicans— 
astonishingly—is being suppressed as if that facf, 
somehow, was a political liability. Newspaper and 
public opinion polls in the East, the Far West, and 
the Middle West almost solidly reflect the accuracy 
of that opinion. 

What, one wonders, is the explanation? How has 


Morgan Says: 


Vandercook 


(This column is excerpted from the nightly 
broadcasts of Edward P. Morgan, ABC commen- 
tator sponsored by the AFL-CIO. Listen to Mor- 
gan over the ABC network Monday through 
Friday at 7 p. m., EDT.) 

SOMETIMES FEAR we wear our virtues of re- 

ligious tolerance more on our sleeves than in 
our hearts. It’s a wonder that no bones were broken 
as politicians scrambled to denounce the dastardly 
bombings of synagogues in Atlanta and Peoria. 
And denounce them they should, but how much 
less evil is the respectable 
anti-Semitism of restricted 
neighborhoods and how 
many politicians rush into 
print to condemn such 
practice? 

War, as someone has 
said, is an extension of 

_ politics; the explosion of a 
church, obviously, is the 
violent climax of preju- 
dice. Everybody hates 
war but we take less care 
in activating our antipathy 

to dirty politics or to reckless politics that may 
sweep us to the brink of catastrophe. 
And yet we are surprised, stunned, outraged when 

a crisis breaks. “Who is to blame for this?” we cry, 

looking hastily around for a scapegoat, while trying 
to suppress guilt pangs for our own irresponsibility. 


From Soup to Nonsense: 


Morgan 


By Jane Goodsell 


ITH AUTOMATION IN HOME and factory, 

there is supposed to be an awful lot of leisure 
time floating around, and even more slated for the 
future. 

This worries people who worry about things like 
that. (I think they’re called 
social scientists.) 1 can’t 
say that it worries me par- 

- ticularly, but then I’ve 
always been out of step. 

I’ve never been troubled 

by the loose money prob- 

lem, either. 

Anyway, the social 
scientists are frightened by 
all this leisure time, and 
they worry that we won't 
know what to do with it. 
They are afraid that we 
will fritter it away, spin- 

ning daydreams about Brigitte Bardot or hanging 
about poolrooms or moping around like bored 
children, asking, “What shall we do now?” 

In case you, too, are worried about this serious 
social problem you may be interested in some of 
the pet projects and hobbies of the members of my 
family, who might be described as a fairly cross 
section of humanity. (Whether we are cross be- 


good question for the social scientists.) 
My daughter, Katie, has an interesting hobby. 


GOP Candidates Drop Label 


cause we have too much leisure or too little, is a 


it come about that, under a popular President, in a 
period in which there has been no major international 
or extreme national disaster, so many Americans 
have so quickly decided that the time, indeed, has 
come for a change-back to the Democratic Party? 

The answer, one suspects, may in part be found 
in the personality of Dwight D. Eisenhower. The 
Republican Party leaders chose Gen, Eisenhower as 
their candidate not because they believed he espoused 
Republican opinions or ideally represented Republi- 
can tradition. They nominated him because he was ¥ 
famous and because they believed that he would be 
compliant. . 

The fate of the GOP under Mr. Eisenhower has 
been the fate of all who believe that really important 
ends can ever be achieved by easy compromise. 
Pres. Eisenhower has probably not made a single 
bitter enemy. He has taken no stand on any issue 
since he has become President that has been force- 
ful enough, or that he seems to have felt deeply 
enough, to have made men hate him. 

BY THE SAME TOKEN, the smiling, non-inter- 
fering President has aroused little or none of the de- 
votion that has sustained and strengthened our great 
presidents. Reactionary Republicans have found 
Dwight Eisenhower too moderate. But because he 
has not troubled vigorously to resist the extreme 
Republican, right-wing, the spokesmen of the ultra. 
conservatives have been allowed — the Knowlands, 
the Alcorns—in this current campaign, to dictate 
party policies which the President himself has then 
mildly disowned. 


Bombings Reflect Lawlessness 


Isn’t there a valid parallel here with our reaction to 
religious and/or racial prejudice and persecution? 

“For shame!” we shout with righteous indigna- 
tion as a temple is desecrated. But how righteous, 
really, is our wrath? The beastliness of the crime 
shocks us into a commitment. Even the most viru- 
lent anti-Semite would scarcely dare publicly to con- 
done violence. Society would close in on him. And 
yet, how often have the most proper social circles 
echoed with the comment, “Well, I don’t like the 
Jews, but after all—bombing; that’s going too far.”? 

IT MUST BE SAID, and as an earnest of encour- 
agement, that religious prejudice has eased a little 
over the years across our land but there is still, I 
sorrowfully suggest, entirely too much hypocrisy in 
addressing the problem. 

There is another aspect to the issue. The mayor 
of Atlanta has already been widely quoted but what 
he said is worth committing to memory. “Whether 
they like it or not,” observed Mayor William B. 
Hartsfield after the Atlanta temple blast,” “every 
rabble-rousing politician is the godfather of the cross- 
burners and the dynamiters who are giving the South 
a bad name.” 

What the small-minded politicians have been 
preaching in their racial tantrums is not really the 
sanctity of states’ rights. It is lawlessness. That is to 
say, defy the law you don’t like. But onée one law is 
defied, it is interesting (and frightening) how quickly 
it becomes convenient or necessary to break the 
rest. : 


Beating the ‘Leisure Problem’ 


She draws mustaches on the pictures of the brides in 

the society section of the newspaper. She also enjoys 

blowing the paper wrappers off paper straws, and 

one of her pet projects is not making her bed, an 

—s on which she often spends several hours a 
ay. 

Her older sister, Ann, also has a hobby which con- 
sumes a good deal of her time, as well as developing 
her powers of concentration. She stares at herself in 
a mirror, trying to decide whether to let her hair 
grow and wear it in a pageboy ‘or to have it cut short 
in a bubble effect. She also employs the mathe- 
matical skills she learned in Algebra to figure out how 
many years, months and days stand between her and 
a driver’s license. : 

Our youngest daughter, Molly, veers wildly from 
one activity to another, all of which are either illegal, 
immoral or fattening. Her interests are the degener- 
ate type which terrify the social scientists, and it is 
probably best that they remain unitemized. 

All three children spend a good deal of time eating 
between meals. 


And speaking of eating, one of my favorite hobbies 
is collecting recipes. I often become so engrossed in 


my recipe collection that I lose all track of time, and — 


I barely have time to heat up the baked beans and 
frozen peas for dinner. 

All in all, I can truthfully state that ours is a 
busy, varied, challenging life, with 24 hours a day 
barely enough to pursue our many activities. Why, 
some days I have only a few minutes to devote to my 
Paper clip chain, — 


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Benefits Run Out: 


Jobless Su ffer Most 
In ‘Work’ States 


Hundreds of thousands of jobless workers who have used up their 
meager unemployment compensation benefits are finding they have 
po “right” to work in the 18 “right-to-work” states, ~ 

Instead, they are faced with the grim alternatives of exercising 
their “right” to go on relief or their “right” to starve. 


—— AFL-CIO NEWS, WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1958 


Page Niné 


While the inadequacy of unem-® 


ployment compensation laws across 
the nation has been pointed up 
repeatedly in AFL-CIO efforts to 
win congressional adoption of min- 
jmum federal jobless standards, the 
situation is particularly acute in the 
states with the phony “right-to- 
work” laws. 

This fact becomes painfully clear; 
jn statistics from the Labor Dept.’s 
Bureau of Employment Security on 
the benefit exhaustion rate—the 
percentage of workers whose bene- 
fits ran out before they found work. 


In the 12-month period ending 
Aug. 31, the top five states im 
the exhaustion category were all 
“right - to- work” states. They 
were Alabama, where 46.5 per- 
cent of the unemployed workers 
exhausted all benefits and re- 
mained idle; Virginia, with 45.4 
percent exhaustions; Florida, 
44.8 percent; Indiana, 44.7 per- 
cent; Tennessee, 42.7 percent. 


This is in sharp contrast with 
the national average of 27.8 per- 
cent exhaustions during the first 
year of the nation’s lingering re- 
cession. 

Of the 18 states with so-called 
“right-to-work” laws on their books, 
14 turned their backs on the long 
lines of jobless workers earlier this 
year when they refused to take part 
in the Temporary Unemployment 
Compensation Act program. 

This was a stopgap measure 
passed by the 85th Congress per- 
mitting states to extend by 50 per- 
cent the period for paying benefits. 
Because it was a “states’ rights” 
law, which gave the states the op- 
tion not to participate, most “right- 
to-work” states took no action de- 
spite the recession. 

In the 14 anti-union states 
that refused federal advances, 
311,857 unemployed workers ran 
through jobless benefits—paid for 
periods ranging from’ 5 to 16 
weeks in Florida up to a flat 26 
weeks in North Carolina. 

The four other “right-to-work” 
states—Alabama, Arkansas, Indi- 
ana and Nevada—took part in the 
temporary extension of the jobless 
pay period. In these states, the 


from Indiana’s low 6-to-20 weeks 
to Nevada’s relatively higher 10 to 
26 weeks. Figures released earlier 
by the Labor Dept. show that most 


for only the minimum period. 


In these states 150,000 jobless 
exhausted regular compensation 
payments and while most of 
them were eligible for TUC, the 
figures indicate that, for the most 
part, they have now run through 
these added aired without 
finding work. 

The BES figures are being used 
with particular effectiveness by or- 
ganized labor in six key states 
where anti-union forces are trying 
to ram through compulsory open- 
shop laws in the November election. 

In California, Colorado, Idaho, 

Kansas, Ohio and Washington— 
where “right-to-work” is an issue 
on the ballot—labor is citing 
the statistics as proof that busi- 
néss groups and right-wingers 
who push the fake “work” pro- 
posals are the same ones who 
block improvement in state un- 
employment compensation legis- 
lation and opposed adequate min- 
imum federal standards. 

Labor also points out that one 
of the main reasons for such Jaws 
is to weaken the power of unions 
to support needed legislation to 
increase unemployment payments, 
to extend the duration of benefits, 
and to broaden coverage to protect 
millions now deprived of any job- 
less pay. 


Auto Workers Engineer 
Aiding French Unions 


Detroit—Kermit Mead, director 
of the engineering and time study 
division of the Auto Workers, is 
working temporarily in this field 
with French trade unionists. 

Mead has begun a 60-to-90 day 
assignment in France for the Intl. 
Cooperation Administration. He 
will work with French unions in 
evaluating research facilities and 


AN AGGRESSIVE international trade union program in the underdeveloped areas of the world was 
of the jobless drew cothpensation| called for at a week-long conference at Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y. The conference was spon- 
sored jointly by the AFL-CIO Dept. of Intl. Affairs and the New York State School of Industrial and 
Labor Relations. In the photo above, Jay Lovestone (right) of the AFL+CIO ets of Intl. Affairs is 
shown conducting one of the sessions. 


New International Role of Labor 
Sign of Maturity, Harrison Says 


Cornell, N. Y.—The great expansion of labor’s international activities since World War II reflects 


“the rising maturity of the labor movement and its increasing desire to promote peace and freedom 


among all the people of the world,” George M. Harrison, chairman of the AFL-CIO Intl. Affairs Com- 


mittee, declared here. 


Addressing a week-long conference at Cornell University on American labor’s role in - Jess-devel- 


oped countries, Harrison said the > 
battle for the future will be between 
those who believe in individual 
freedom and dignity and those who 
do not, rather than between the 
“have” and “have-not” nations, as 
is sometimes claimed. 

Forty trade union and university 
participants attended the confer- 
ence, conducted jointly by the 
AFL-CIO Dept. of Intl. Affairs 


and the N' ‘’. State School of In- 
dustrial »»).: Labor Relations. 
Harrison, president of the 


Railway Clerks and an American 
delegate to the United Nations 
General Assembly, said the role 
American labor will play in help- 
ing other countries will have a 
tremendous effect on social prog- 
ress, world peace and human 
freedom. 


Michael. Ross, director of the 
Dept. of Intl. Affairs for the united 
labor movement, played a vital role 
in bringing about the special proj- 
ect. Working sessions were chaired 
by Harry Goldberg for the AFL- 
CIO and Assistant Prof. Ronald 
Donovan of Cornell. 

Harlan Cleveland, dean of the 
Maxwell School of Citizenship and 
Public Affairs at Syracuse Univer- 
sity, urged the conferees to “look at 
Asia and Africa directly” and not 
“through European eyes and colo- 
nial history.” He said a “triple 


normal compensation period ranges 


Industry Lets Loose Big Blitz in ‘Work’ Drive 


(Continued from Page 1) 

a leading Seattle, Wash., station to 
tell voters that the “abuses of power 
revealed in the McClellan commits 
tee hearings” could be corrected by 
passage of the compulsory open- 
shop proposal. 

® Former Sen. Herbert H. Leh- 


Ike Not Interested 
In ‘Work’ Law Fight 


: San Francisco—Pres. Eis- 
enhower has made it plain 
that he doesn’t care whether 
the various states enact 
“right-to-work” laws. 

In a television discussion 
here with 24 Republican 
women, the President was 
asked about the compulsory 
open shop amendment which 
is on the California ballot. 
He replied that “I have taken 
no stand” on the issue, 

“I want to straighten out 
the record,” Eisenhower said, 
“I speak from the national 
Viewpoint and‘ not the state 
viewpoint. Section 14-b of 
the Taft-Hartley Act gives 
each state the right to decide 
this question. I have always 
supported Secfion 14-b.” 


collective bargaining techniques, 


man of New York, co-chairman of 
the National Council for Industrial 
Peace, accused “right-to-work” pro- 
ponents of “half-truths and mis- 
leading statements.” The labor 
union, Lehman said, “is the greatest 
single safeguard of the right of the 
worker to be employed and to be 
treated fairly on the job.” 


Appeals to Business 
Cordiner, who has served as a 
consultant to the Eisenhower Ad- 


| ministration, made his pitch for the 


“work” laws in a speech to nearly 
100 heads of major corporations 
attending a meeting of the Com- 
merce Dept.’s Business Advisory 


‘| Council at fashionable Hot Springs, 


Va. 

The GE chairman insisted that 
the union shop is “the basic 
source of the political power 
wielded through the use of vast 
funds and manpower without any 
necessary regard to the wishes of 
members who pay the bill.” He 
gloomily forecast that a Demo- 
cratic victory would give organ- 


Whitehouse termed the Cordiner 
charge “another deliberate mis- 
statement of fact.” 

“What bothers Ralph Cordiner 


tion of “rising expectations, rising 
resentment against inequality and 
rising determination to be free.” 


Labor Leaders Challenged 


Harvard Economics Prof. John 
Dunlop charged that American la- 
bor leaders and government repre- 
sentatives have an “unrealistic” 
concept of free trade unions in the 
underdeveloped areas. He called 
for acceptance of the fact that the 
unions in these areas will not be 
free for some 


Jay Lovestone of the AFL- 
CIO Dept. of Intl. Affairs chal- 
lenged Dunlop’s contention and 
called for an aggressive interna- 
national trade union program in 
the underdeveloped areas, co- 
ordinated thrqugh the Intl. Con- 
federation of Free Trade Unions. 


He urged the building of trade 
union “cadres” with full-time offi- 
cers; the financing of trade union 
scholarships to this country; the 
granting of direct material assist- 
ance to rising unions; the building 
of labor libraries abroad; provision 
for leadership training opportu- 
nities; and the publication of 
pamphlets and literature to appease 
the “great thirst and hunger for 
the printed word.” 

In other sessions, William Kems- 
ley, director of the New York office 


revolution” is taking place in the 


and his cohorts is the ability of 
unions to work diligently at the 
precinct level and bring the issues 
to America,” the IUD director said. 
He added that the anti-union attack 


effort by big business to fool the 
American public into voting for re- 
actionary political candidates in the 
coming election.” 

The letters from Kohler cast the 
company in the role of champion 
of “the right of a workman to earn 
a living, regardless of union mem- 
bership.” An NLRB trial examiner 
has held the company guilty of un- 
fair labor practices leading to a 
four-year strike. 


Lineup of Speakers 

Conger asked for “corporate or 
personal checks of from $100 to 
$1,000” in order to saturate the 
radio stations in the six key states 
with radio broadcasts for “right- 
to-work” produced by the Manion 
Forum. ; 

The broadcasts, he said, would 
feature Senators Karl E. Mundt 
(R-S. D.), William F. Koowland 
(R-Calif.), John L. McClellan 
(D-Ark.), Carl T. Curtis (R- 
Neb.), Barry Goldwater (R- 
Ariz.), and John Marshall Butler 
(R-Md.); Rep. Ralph W. Gwinn 


by the GE chairman was “another | 


of the ICFTU, explained the con- 


(R-N. Y.), and Herbert V. Koh- 
ler, president of Kohler Co., all 
of whom, Conger said, “have 
defended the right of the work- 
er.” 

In Ohio, GOP Sen. John W. 
Bricker .continued to make the 
“work” issue a big point in the 
waning days of his struggle for re- 
election. He told voters over an 
expensive state-wide television 
hookup that he was backing the 
compulsory open shop because of 
“the action of the Democratic Con- 
gress in chloroforming labor reform 
legislation.” His view was in sharp 
contrast to the position taken by 
'Sen. Irving M. Ives (R-N. Y.), co- 
sponsor of the labor, bill, who has 
stated repeatedly that “the Repub- 
lican leadership killed that bill.” 

In taking a stand in support of 
the “work” proposal, Bricker pious- 
ly told the voters: “I want tovassure 
the people of Ohio that I have sup- 
ported social security, unemploy- 
ment compensation, the minimum 
wage, child labor laws and civil 
rights legislation not only with my 
voice but with my vote.” 

This didn’t jibe with COPE vot- 
ing records, which showed that on 
34 key issues between 1947 and 


underdeveloped areas —a revolu-|federation’s goals and functions; 


Bert Seidman, AFL-CIO economist, 
discussed the problems of interna 
tional trade and aid and their im- 
pact on the U.S. economy; Cornell 
Associate Prof. John Windmuller 
described the activities of the in- 
ternational trade secretariats. 

Others participating were John 
Meskimen, director of the Intl. Co- 
operation Agency’s Office of La-, 
bor Affairs; Anthony Luchek, pro- 
fessor of industrial relations at 
Pennsylvania State University; Pro- 
fessors Arnold Tolles, C. Arnold 
Hansen and Chandler Morse of 
Cornell; and Iskandar Tedjasuk- 


Indonesia, 


Role of Labor 
In Civil Rights 


Draws Praise 


Los Angeles—Organized labor is 
“the most responsible and effective 
ally” Negroes have in their struggle 
for civil rights, Pres. A. Philip 
Randolph of the Sleeping Car 
Porters told the Los Angeles Labor 
Conference on Human Rights. 
He cited the frequent appear- 
ances of AFL-CIO Pres. George 
Meany in support of civil rights 
before congressional committees 
and the platform committees of the 
major parties during convention 
years. 
“But what about the presidents 
of the National Association of 
Manufacturers and the U.S. Cham- 
ber of Commerce?” he asked. 
“Have you ever heard of one of 
the presidents of the giant corpora- 
tions of business appearing before 
any committee or anywhere to fight 
the battle of civil rights? 

“Never in the history of the 
country has the NAM or the C. of 
C. gone on record in support of 
civil rights. Yet these are the 
agencies that are backing the ‘right- 
to-work’ laws and are bidding for 
the votes of Negroes fo support 
these laws.” 

Nearly 300 delegates attended 


CO-|sponsored by the Los Angeles 
County . Central Labor Council, 
Jewish Labor Committee, Los 
Angeles NAACP Labor Committee 
and the Labor Committee of the 
Community Service Organization 
of the Mexican-American commu- 
nity. 

Speakers and discussion directors 
came from the ranks of leaders in 
the labor movement and in public 
life who have n in the fight to 
strengthen civil rights. They in- 
cluded Rep. James Roosevelt (D- 
Calif.), Vice Pres, Samuel Otto of 


and right only once, 


Labor Council, 


mana, former Minister of Labor ia 


the two-day conference, which was — 


the Ladies Garment Workers and ~ 
1958 Bricker voted wrong 33 times} Pres. W. J. Bassett of the Central 


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AFL-CIO NEWS, WASHINGTON, D. c, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 25,1958 _ 


70TH ANNIVERSARY of the birth of Allan S. Haywood, ex-| 


ecutive vice president of the former CIO, is marked by special 
ceremonies at his grave at Taylorville, Ill. Shown placing a wreath 
on the grave are Alan Palmer (standing), president of Dist. 10, 
Electrical, Radio & Machine Workers, and ‘St. Clair Beeman, dis- 
trict secretary-treasurer, acting for TUE Pres. James B. Carey. 


Beneficiaries Occupy 
Memorial to Haywood 


Two bungalows erected in Monk Bretton, England, as a memorial 
to the late Allan S. Haywood, executive vice president of the former 
CIO at the time of his death in 1953, have been completed and are 
now occupied by retired Yorkshire miners, 

The Philip Murray Memorial Foundation, created to honor the 


memory of the CIO president, made‘ 


construction of the cottages pos- 
sible through a grant of $8,000. 
Haywood, a veteran of the 
American labor movement, was 
bern in Barusley, of which 
Monk Brettou is a suburb, and 
was a member of the National 
Union of Mineworkers there be- 
fore coming to this country. 

A plaque perpetuating his mem- 
ory was dedicated in October 1953 
in the spike-crowned headquarters 
of the Yorkshire Miners Assacia- 
tion in Barnsley, for more than a 


century a center of Great Britain’s 
coal fields. 


A CIO delegation headed by 
Emil Rieve, then chairman of the 
Murray Foundation and now an 
AFL-CIO vice president, was pres- 
ent. It included two additional 
AFL-CiO vice presidents — Pres. 
James B. Carey of the Electrical, 
Radio & Machine Workers, then 
CIO secretary-treasurer, and David 
J. McDonald, Murray’s successor 
as president of the Steelworkers, to 
which Haywood also belonged. 


Air Dispatchers Convention 
Emphasizes Plane Safety 


San Francisco—Air safety was the principal subject of discussion 
and business for the Airline Dispatchers Association during its 16th 


annual convention here. - 


The four-day meeting was attended by dispatchers from 20 air- 
lines and by delegates from stations all over the world, including 


Frankfurt, Tokyo, London and Al-®— 
aska. 


Most delegates expressed deep 
concern over proposed changes in 
civil air regulations which would 
lessen the role of the dispatchers 
im air safety, and the convention 
passed a resolution opposing them. 

Delegates also expressed dis- 
satisfaction with a regulation 
which removed the requirement 
that dispatchers for American air 
carriers be citizens or be able 
to speak and write the English 
language. Good communication 
between air and ground crews is 
a basic necessity of air safety, 
the dispatchers said. 


They went on record for the im- 
provement of communications be- 
tween aircraft and dispatchers and 
for better communication ip traffic 
control. By unanimous vote, they 
recommended that the air route 
traffic control system be requested 
to review procedures which, the 
delegates said, now delay .them in 
performance of their duties and af- 
fect traffic control. 


The convention authorized the 
association’s Research Committée 
to conduct further study of the 
present system of work shifts and 
hours in relation to fatigue and its 
effect on air safety. 


Another resolution called for 

a review of existing union con- 

' tracts with consideration being 
given to the increasing demands 


placed on the dispatcher by the 
“jet age.” No specific wage, hour 
and fringe benefit proposals were 
made. 

Robert E. Commerce, of Cap- 
ital Airlines, Washington, D. C., 
was reelected president and will 
serve full time. Presidents in the 
past have served only part time 


{on union activities. 


Labor United in Major Drive 
To Re-elect Harrimanin N.Y. 


New York—Not in many elections have labor forces in this state been so determinedly united behind 
a single candidacy as they are today behind Gov. Averell Harriman’s bid for re-election. 

In previous years, state Republicans were always able to drum up some kind of a labor com- 
mittee with legitimate trade unionists at the head. But not in this election. 

Recent formation of an Independent Labor Committee for the Harriman ticket listed names of 


trade union leaders who in the past® 
had supported Republican candi- 
dates both on a state and national 
basis. This year these same trade 
union leaders have switched over to 
Harriman and to his senatorial 
nominee, District Attorney Frank 
Hogan of New York County. 


The GOP candidates, Nelson 
Rockefeller and Rep. Kenneth. 
Keating, running for governor 
and senator respectively, thus far 

-are without a single trade union 
official of stature as an endorser 
or avowed supporter. 


The single big issue in the cam- 
paign seems to be the economic 
setback which the nation has suf- 
fered in the past two years. The 
Republican attempt to pin the 
blame for unemployment in New 
York State on Harriman has 
flopped badly in large part because 
Rockefeller has been unable to 
tepudiate Eisenhower’s economic 
policies which helped create and 
prolong the recession. 

Harriman, when challenged to 
repudiate Gov. Orval Faubus of 
Arkansas, did so enthusiastically. 
Rockefeller, when challenged simi- 
larly to reject Republican fiscal 
policy, fell back on the theme that 
in a state election he will not dis- 
cuss national issues. 

Rockefeller is also handi- 
capped by the records of his 
running-mates such as his candi- 
date for lieutenant governor, 


News Strike Wins 
Leave for Officer 


Montreal — Seventy-eight edito- 
rial employes of La Presse, French 
language daily newspaper, are back 
at work after a victorious two-week 
strike to win a leave without pay 
for one of their number elected to 
the full-time presidency of the 
Canadian & Catholic Confedera- 
tion of Labor. 


The leave was gained for Roses 
‘Mathieu, assistant news editor of 
La Presse, which has a daily circu- 
lation of 250,000. Mathieu, a 
member of the Syndicat des Jour- 
nalistes, was chosen to head the 
CCCL at its convention last month. 


The settlement was speeded up 
by the strikers’ publication of a 
tabloid, La Presse Syndicale, which 
within a few days of its appearance 
had a daily circulation of more 
than 100,000 and which was so 
successful that union members in 
the Montreal area called for its 
continuation. 


Malcolm Wilson, who, it is. 
charged, has consistently voted 
in the state legislature against 
programs Rockefeller is currently 
advocating. 

Most recently, Rockefeller en- 
dorsed Rep. John Taber, whose 
voting record in the House has 
been extremely conservative. 

Trade union support of the Har- 
riman ticket has been strength- 
ened by a special pre-registration 
drive in New York City which dis- 
closed unsuspected weaknesses in 
worker registration. It was a dis- 
closure which came in sufficient 


time for trade unions to - initiate 
a “bring-out-the-vote” campaign of 
predictable political consequence. 

There has been almost no di- 
rect anti-labor propaganda in the 
campaign. Rockefeller has spoken 
sharply against a “right-to-work” 
law and Harriman, of course, hag 
been consistently opposed to such 
legislation, 

The Democratic senatorial can- 
didate, Hogan, has swung over 
trade union leaders who had early 
doubts about his candidacy, and 
the Liberal party is strongly back. 
ing bim. 


Hollander Criticizes" 
‘Survey’ Hitting Labor 


New York—tThis state’s business climate is “good” and the 
protections of workers from physical or economic unemployment 
and loss of income should be further improved, instead of reduced 
as urged by Associated Industries of New York, Inc., Pres. Louis 
Hollander of the State CIO Council said in-a special article in 


in the New York Herald Tribune‘? 


After a series of four articles by 
Robert S. Bird, quoting a survey of 
only 120 out of the state’s 376,000 
firms to the effect that the Demo- 


cratic state administration and the]. 


labor movement were adversely af- 
fecting the business climate, the 
newspaper invited Hollander to 
comment. He said: 

Not Healthy for Cileclens 


“We believe the business climate 
is healthy for those who want to 
see a healthy climate and are not 
concerned with the ways to cut 


‘corners and chisel at’ someone 


else’s expense.” 

It appeared “more than just a 
coincidence,” he said, “that the 
GOP-oriented Associated Indus- 
tries, an affiliate of the National 
Association of Manufacturers, 
released its survey data at the 

exact time a Republican candi- 

date for governor was trying te 

unseat the incumbent, Gov. 

Averell Harriman, who has solid . 
labor support across the state 

for re-election.” 

Hollander said that labor activ- 
ity in the state legislative field “has 
been based on the premise that 
what is good for the community is 
good for labor.” He added: 

“Where legislation passes this 
test, labor seeks to lend support 
and urge its enactment, and 
where it fails the test, to oppose 
and defeat it. The greater good 
of the greater number is our 
guide, not the greater good of a 
special few or a special group.” 


NLRB Orders Rubber Workers 
To End Fight Against O’Sullivan 


(Continued from Page 1) 
tract after the union had over- 
whelmingly won an NLRB repre- 
sentation election. The company 
brought in strikebreakers and con- 
tinued operations on a curtailed 
basis. 

In April 1957, the company 
asked for a decertification election 
in which, under Taft-Hartley, the 
strikers would be barred from vot- 
ing. The election was held Oct. 
18, 1957, with only strike-breakers 
casting ballots. The vote was 288 
to 5 against the union. 


Campaign Continued 
' The. URW continued to picket 
the plant and stepped up its boy- 
cott campaign of the “Nation’s No. 
One Heel,” the slogan used by the 
company. 
In February 1958, the NLRB 


general counsel filed a complaint 
that the union’s continuing picket- 
ing of the plant and its boycott 
campaign were unfair labor Prac- 
tices under T-H. 
* The union contended at hear- 
ings that the basic issue involved 
was the right to free speech. If 
the charges were upheld, it said, 
all unions would lose the right to 
tell the public about conditions 
im a plant involved in a labor 
dispute. 

The picketing, it added, “for or- 
ganizational purposes by means of 
persuading the present employes of 
the company that they have im- 
paired the welfare of all wage earn- 
ers by taking the jobs of the 
pickets.” 

The trial examiner ruled that the 
Curtis case was. a binding prece- 
dent. That decision held that if 


the union does not represent a ma- 
jority of the workers in a piant on 
the basis of an election, picketing 
and other activities against the em- 
ployer are an unfair labor practice 
under the Taft-Hartley Act. 

The board’s decision, signed 
by Members Boyd Leedom, 
Philip Ray Rodgers and Joseph 
A. Jenkins, ordered the union to 
‘stop the picketing and the boy- 
cott campaign, post notices to 
this effect in business offices and 
meeting halls where notices to 
members are customarily posted, 
and publish the wotice in the 
union’s paper. 

The NLRB sidusd the. union to 
notify the regional director for the 
Fifth Region of the board in writ- 
ing within 10 days of the date of 
the order on the steps taken to 
comply with the decision, = -- 


He had “no apology” to make, 

he said, because labor has been 
forthright in pursuing these ob- 
jectives. 
Hollander noted that no state ad- 
ministration could wholly control 
its “business climate” alone, espe- 
cially when the national adminis- 
tration is “working at cross-pur- 
poses with the state.” 

“New York is one of 48 states 
across whose borders commerce 
flows freely,” he said. “What hap- 
pens in the other 47 affects this 
state just as what happens in New 
York has limited effect outside its 
borders.” 

Praises Harriman 


He praised the Harriman admin- 
istration for trying “without suc- 
cess to persuade stubborn-minded 
GOP leaders in the Republican-do- 
minated legislature to back a $1.25 
nation-wide minimum wage in in- 
terstate commerce and to broaden 
its coverage.” 

Based on a 1947-49 average of 
100, Hollander said the state’s in- 
dex of business activity was 115 m 
1954, when Gov. Harriman took 
office, and was 129 in 1957; that 
factory output for 1954 was 118 
and in 1957 it was 126; that retail 
activity in 1954 was 109 and stood 
at 118 for 1957, 

Contracts for nonresidential con 
struction in New “York totaled 
$840 million in 1949 and $1.28 
billion in 1957, he said, while 
public works and utilities contracts 
in the state totaled $311 million 
in 1949 and amounted to $754 
million in 1957. 

Instead of seeking to cut the pro- 
tections of workers against income 
loss through physical or economic 
unemployment, Hollander said in- 
dustry should use its influence im 


wide standards that would block the 
“industrial piracy” being practiced 
by low-wage “right-to-work” law 
states trying to lure industry from 
areas where “decent wages and 
working conditions” prevail as a 


-|result of union contracts. 


IWA Names Taub 
Research Director 


Portland, Ore. — Pres. A. F. 
Hartung of the Woodworkers’ bas 
announced the appointment of El- 
wood Taub as the union’s direc 
tor of research and education. 

Taub comes to IWA from the 
Washington headquarters of the 
Pulp-Sulphite Workers—the union 
with which the IWA has just con- 


cluded a two-ygar pre-mergef 


“working agreement,” _ 


Congress to bing about nation | 


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PCE ree 


_ AFL-CIO NEWS, WASHINGTON, D.C. 


Vege h 


* 


SATURDAY, 


California Polls Show: | . 


Knowland, 


\ ‘ 


RT-W’ | 


Both Facing Defeat 


& 

Los Angeles—One of the most bitter political campaigns in 
California’s history roared toward a climax as the Republicans 
brought President Eisenhower and Vice Pres. Nixon into the state 
in an attempt to stave off what still seems like certain defeat. 

Most public opinion polls predict these results: 


@ Democrats should sweep the® 
state in an unprecedented victory, 
capturing almost all top state of- 
fices, one Senate seat, possibly a 
few GOP congressional seats, and. 
winning majorities in both the state 
Senate and Assembly for the first, 
time in decades. 


_ © The “right-to-work” initiative 
to outlaw union shop clauses in 
labor-management contracts should 
be defeated, although possibly by 
a aarrow margin. 


Knowland Key Figure 


Much is at stake in this huge, 
highly industrialized state. The ex- 
pected defeat of GOP Sen. William 
F. Knowland in the governorship 
race will be a repudiation of his in- 
sistent attacks against labor and his 
possible elimination as a potential 
presidential candidate for the Re- 
publican Party’s extreme right- 
wing. 

Instead of frightening the vot- 
ers with his warnings that “so- 
cialist labor bosses” will control 
the state unless he and “right-to- 
work” win, Knowland apparently 
has succeeded in frightening less 
anti-labor Republicans, who pri- 
vately see the campaign as pro- 
ducing a debacle for their party. - 


Poils show Democratic State At- 
torney Gen. Edmund G. (Pat) 
Brown running far ahead of his 
GOP opponent. Latest figures 
show Brown with 53 percent of 


the vote, Knowland with 31 per-| 


cent, and 16 percent undecided. 
Brown has been endorsed by the 
usually Republican Hearst newspa- 
pers—the San Francisco Examiner, 
the San Francisco Call-Bulletin and 
the Los Angeles Examiner—and by 
other major newspapers in the state, 


cans as State Sen. Randolph Col- 
lier and former San Francisco 
Mayor Elmer Robinson. 

Less conclusive are the polis 
on “right-to-work,” which show 
that 53 percent of the voters are 
opposed to the anti-labor meas- 
ure, 40 percent favor it, and the 
other 7 percent undecided. 

But the issue has become such an 
emotional one, beclouded by mis- 
leading statements from its support- 
ers, that labor observers warn the 
polls could be upset unless all-out 
activity against the measure is con- 
tinued down to the wire. 

Labor is split on the Senate race 
between Democratic Rep. Clair 
Engle and GOP Gov. Goodwin J. 
Knight. The State CIO is for Engle, 
but the State AFL has given its en- 
dorsement to both men. Public 
opinion polls show this to be one 
of the closest races in the staté, with 
an edge for Engle. 

House Races Closer 

California now sends 17 Repub- 
jicans and 13 Democrats to the 
House. Most of the races will be 
close, with indications that incum- 
bents generally will be re-elected 
and the division remain the same 
unless the Democratic sweep ex- 
ceeds present expectations. 


The State Assembly now has 
43 Republicans and 36 Demo- 
crats, while the Senate is split 20 
Republicans to 19 Democrats. 
Virtually all polls point to sub- 
stantial Democratic victories in 
both houses of the legislature 
sufficient to give control to the 
Democrats. 

The Assembly has been under 
Republican control for more than 
20 years, and the Senate has had 
a GOP majority since 1890, 


as well as by such leading Republi- 


GOP Attac 
In Bid for 


Cleveland—A massive campaign against so-called 


ks Labor 
Ohio Win 


“labor 


racketeers” is the campaign strategy adopted by Ohio’s Republican 

leaders to thwart a voter rebellion that threatens to knock GOP 

incumbants out of every state office and one U.S. senatorship. 
The one thing that may save Gov. C. William O’Neill is a 


heavy vote for the compulsory 


open-shop bill that business ex- 
tremists are calling the “right-to- 
work” amendment. 


If the average voter can be 
scared enough by a “fear-labor” 
barrage, then open shop will be 
compulsory in this” big industrial 
state after election day, and union 
shop contracts will be against the 
law. 

O’Neill in Trouble 

O’Neill and the whole GOP tick- 
et are nevertheless in deep trouble. 
The governor first came out for 
“cight-to-work” without committing 


his party. He waited a week, then} , 


announced he would campaign 
state-wide against labor “dictators.” 
The state Republican -convention, 
with O'Neill pulling the strings, ad- 
vised voters to “follow the dictates 
of their conscience.” 


Sen, John Bricker next aban. 
doned a pretense of neutrality 
and announced in a melodra- 
matic statewide speech that he, 
too, favored adoption of the 
“work” proposal, Bricker’s de-: 
cision was a direct reversal of 
the position he had taken with 
O’Neill at the convention. 


A factor in the shift may have 
been the size of the registration. 
An outpouring of votes turning 


against the Republican sponsors 
of the “work” proposal could 
send even Bricker and such GOP 
stalwarts as Rep. Frances Bolton 
of the 22nd Congressional Dis- 
trict down to defeat. Bricker 
led his Democratic opponent, 
former Rep. Stephen Young, by 
only a narrow margin in most 
polls. 

The big jump in voter registra- 
tion came in Democratic areas. 
Most of it seems due to economic 
unrest by large blocs of workers— 
‘the unemployed, ‘those on short 
work weeks, housewives worried 
about living costs. Labor did an 
effective job of re-registering many 
members, and the “fear labor” cam- 
paign swelled registration also, 

Governor’s Record Hit 

Organized labor says O'Neill 
launched his campaign against “un- 
ion racketeers” to coVer up his own 
record as governor. During his 
21 months in office, the legisla- 
ture he controlled failed to im- 
prove workmen’s compensation and 
‘unemployment compensation for 
the first time in 20 years; there 
was no fair employment practice 
legislation, no minimum wage or- 
ders, no increase in the beggarly 
$65 a month the state gives in aid 
to the aged, labor says. _ 


THE NEWLY MERGED AFL-CIO Labor Council of Kent County, Mich., received its charter 
from the united labor movement at a banquet. Taking part in the presentation ceremonies were 
(left to right) Joseph Van Dyke, president; Robert Amsterburg, first vice president; Patrick 
McCartney, assistant AFL-CIO regional director; and Herbert McCreedy, regional director. Peter 
McGavin, assistant to AFL-CIO Pres. George oreai was toastmaster at the banquet. 


Membership 
Drive Set 
By Distillers 


(Continued from Page 1) 
spelling out in detail the target 
points of the campaign and the 
steps to be taken by local unions 
in concert with the international, 
was unanimously adopted by the 
delegates. 

A highlight of the conference 
was an address by James L. Mc- 
Devitt, national COPE director, on 
the issues of the 1958 campaign. A 
check was presented to McDevitt 
which covered contributions to 
COPE by members of the union. . 

A film, depicting the operations 
of the union’s social security fund, 
was shown for the first time. The 
30-minute movie graphically de- 
scribes how claims are processed to 
facilitate comprehensive health and 
welfare coverage of members and 
their dependents. 

Two more organizational con- 

ferences—for sales locals and for 
locals in the allied division—are 
scheduled to be held in Wash- 
ington Nov. 6-7. 
' In his report covering develop- 
ments within the international union 
since he assumed office, Branden- 
berg pointed out that: 

e@ Regional Council No. 4 had 
been established on the West Coast 
to coordinate organizing and servic- 
ing functions in that area. 

e Liaison had been effected with 
industry groups for concerted action 
against bootlegging and prohibition 
and for an ameliorative tax relief 
program for the industry. 

e@ The international union had 
protested to the Dept. of Labor and 
to various state authorities against 
lowered standards of safety inspec- 
tion which had contributed to seri- 
ous accidents, including several 
deaths, in plants in contractual re- 
lations with locals. 

e Preparations are being made 
for contract talks with major dis- 
tillers in 1959. : 

e Application is being made to 
affiliate with the AFL-CIO Indus- 
trial Union Dept. 


Unions Help Israel 
To Honor Lehman 


New York—More than 800 un- 
ion locals in the New York metro- 
politan area are participating in an 
Israel bond campaign in honor of 
former Sen. Herbert H. Lehman, 

Mark Lewis, secretary-treasurer 
of the Hatters and chairman of the 
trade union division of State of Is- 
rael bonds, said the drive is “a 
wonderful opportunity for labor to 
honor its faithful friend, Herbert 
Lehman, by investing in the cause 
so close to his heart.” The union 
drive will be climaxed with a tes- 
timonial dinner for Lehman on 
Nov. 11. 


nn ee = 


South Africa Rebuked at 


UN: 


principles of the UN Charter. 


Harrison Cites Race 
Gains in U. S. Unions 


United Nations, N. Y.—George M. Harrison, member of the 
U.S. delegation to the United Nations, told a UN committee that 
the racial policies of the Union of South Africa are a violation of the 


The American government would 
support a formal rebuke to South Africa for its program of apartheid, 


or complete racial segregation, he> 
said. 

The UN’s influential Special Po- 
litical Committee, on which Harri- 
son serves, voted by 68 to 5 to ap- 
prove a resolution, cosponsored by 
30 countries, to request South 
Africa to abandon -the apartheid 
poli¢y.. There were four absentions. 
- Harrison as American delegate 
cast the first vote of the U.S. in 
affirmative support of a UN ‘effort 
to persuade South Africa to bring 
its racial policies into line with obli- 
gations under the UN charter to- 
ward equal treatment of all people. 
In past votes on the issue the U.S. 
has abstained. 

Dealing with racial difficulties in 
the U.S., Harrison, president of the 
Railway Clerks and chairman of 
the AFL-CIO Intl. Relations Com- 
mittee, said that “vast progress has 
been made towards the abolition of 
discrimination in all branches of 
human activity.” 

“In my time, I have seen a 
revolution in human _ relation- 
ships in my own country,” he 
said. “I have witmessed tremen- 


dous changes in the direction of 
recognizing inherent rights and 
human dignity of all our citi- 
zens.” 

Harrison spoke before the UN 
Assembly’s 81-member special Po- 
litical Committee, on which he sits 
as the U.S. Spokesman. Seats as- 
signed to the South African dele- 
gation were empty. Two years ago, 
that government walked out of the 
UN in protest against witgary al 
tion of what it argued was an “ 
ternal affair.” 

The U.S. representative pointed 
out that the American trade union 
movement had taken “a firm stand 
that all of its member organiza- 
tions should eliminate every vestige 
of racial discrimination and we will 
soon enjoy that objective.” 

“Many of our unions in the 
United States,” he said, “which 
have discriminated against non- 
whites, have completely removed 
all restrictions, and these organiza- 
tions are now of multi-racial mem- 
berships with equality of member- 
ship privileges.” 


dete. Bd naies. ome 


Unions Face Challenge 
In New U.S. Economy 


America’s fast-changing economy poses a serious challenge to 
the nation’s trade unions, according to Labor’s Economic Review, 
publication of the AFL-CIO Dept. of Research. 

Part of the challenge, the department points out in the October 
issue of the Review, comes from the growth in white collar and 


employment is expected to grow 
most rapidly, the publication 
states, “will be largely those in 
which unions have generally not 
been accepted.” 


Another challenge to be met, 


service type jobs. The fields where 


little, if any, experience with un- 
ionism.” 

These younger workers, the pub- 
lication emphasizes, “have not been 
exposed to the hardships around 
which unionism has traditionally 
been built and do not recognize 
that their wage levels and benefits 
have been shaped and improved as 
a result of union action.” 

To meet these challenges, the 
Review asserts, more and more 
unions are reviewing their or- 


as white collar workers and part. 
time women employes. 
A “rapid expansion of workers’ 
education to acquaint newer mem- 
bers with the history of their par- 


ticular union” is also reported by 
jthe AFL-CIO research staf. 


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. 
F, . firmly established. ... Since the 7 
bas newer plants are both smaller and — ; a 
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i the special needs of groups such 
i unions to provide necessary a 
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plants.” 
ion | e 
on- i Added to these factors, the Re- 
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_ Carolina 


’ AFL-CIO NEWS, WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, OCTOBER 25, 1958 


Pledges ‘Fum igation’ 'j 


Of Unions 


(Continued from Page 1) 


er, and he was in favor of Sec.’ 


14-b. 

The President’s speaking tour, 
beginning in the West and designed 
to take him into key states clear 
across the country, marked the 
final surge in a campaign which 
some have called “apathetic” but 


which has produced registration é 


figures that imply a potential record- 
breaking vote for a non-presiden- 
tial year. 

Major figures of both parties in- 
cluding Vice Pres. Nixon, former 
Pres. Harry S. Truman, Adlai E. 
Stevenson and Senate Democratic 
Leader Lyndon B. Johnson of 
Texas were carrying a heavy bur- 
den of speeches that would not 
slacken until the eve of the‘election. 

Foreign policy, the recession 
and labor legislation remained 
major issues. The Administra- 
tion was caught by surprise when 
Chinese Communists renewed 
heavy artillery assaults on the 
Nationalist-held islands of Que- 
moy just as Sec. of State John 
Foster Dulles was flying to For- 
mosa for discussions with Na- 
tionalist leader Chiang Kai-shek. 

Labor Sec.-Mitchell and Agricul- 
ture Sec. Ezra Taft Benson were 
the most active campaigners among 
the President’s Cabinet members. 

Ike Shifts Position 

Benson insisted that the farm 
situation was good and Mitchell an- 
nounced favorable news on the 
economic front and “challenged” 
Democrats to produce a pledge for 
action on a labor bill from North 
Rep. Grahkim Barden, 
conservative southern Democratic 
chairman of the House Labor Com- 
mittee. 

Pres. Eisenhower's personal de- 
claration on labor followed an- 
other campaign speech in Califor- 
nia in which, for the first time, he 
echoed a Republican National 


by GOP 


Committee dutcry against “radical- 
ism” as an alleged threat from 
northern and western Democratic 
candidates. Just five days earlier, 
in a White House news conference, 
he had disavowed parallel language 
issued by GOP campaign leaders, 
flatly stating that the language was 
“not mine” but that of “politicians.” 
The labor speech came also as 
spokesmen of major corporations 
openly solicited funds to pour into 
the six states where “work” pro- 
posals are on the Nov. 4 ballot and 
as right - wing propaganda groups, 
appealing to businessmen for “tax 
deductible” contributions, shoveled 
out advertisements, pamphlets and 
radio propaganda violently assail- 
ing labor. 

The Joseph, P. Kamp pamphlet 
attacking Auto Workers Pres. Wal- 
ter P. Reuther, distributed iff many 
states and formerly sponsored in 
California by -Mrs. Helen Know- 
land, wife of the GOP candidate 
for governor, popped up in the Pa- 
cific Coast campaign again. 

A General Dynamics Corp. 
subsidiary at Pomona was 
charged by a vice president of 
the Machinists with circulating 
the Kamp pamphlet to employes 
through inter-office channels “in 
an effort to help the candidacy” 
of Knowland and to “win votes 
for” the “work” proposal. 


Eisenhower’s appeal for a Re- 
publican Congress to assist in the 
“fumigation” of labor was couched 
in terms of getting legislation ap- 
plying to “faithless” leaders whose 
presence, he said, “threatens a seri- 
ous weakening” of collective \bar- 
gaining relationships. 

Missing from his speech was any 
reference to the “faithlessness” of 
business firms exposed by the Mc- 
Clellan special Senate committee as 
having hired “labor relations con- 
sultants” such as Nathan P. Sheffer- 


man to run anti-union campaigns. 


GOP Strives to Stem 
Strong Democratic Tide 


(Continued from Page 1) 
aid to the schools and other is- 
sues of deep concern to labor. 

Vice Pres. Nixon, joined for the 
last two weeks by Pres. Eisenhower, 
carried the brunt of the GOP cam- 
paign to cut Republican losses, and 
in New England he made the flat 
claim that the swing to Democrats 
had been checked. 

Democratic campaigners, stung 
by charges that their northern and 
western candidates were “radicals” 
threatening American democracy, 
hit back hard. 

Adlai E. Stevenson in Chicago, 
charging Eisenhower and Nixon by 
name with the “ultimate demagogu- 
ery,” stressed the transformation of 
roles for the President and Vice 
President. 


‘Old Nixon, New Ike’ 

“The old Nixon,” he said, “has 
been joined by the new Ike—or a 
new speech writer—in a desperate, 
intolerable type of campaign.” 

Contests for the House frequent- 
ly depend more directly on special 
local district situations than ‘do 
statewide campaigns, but an analy- 
sis of the House races across the 
country indicated that Democratic 
gains. were in prospect from the 
Pacific Coast through the midwest- 
ern farm belt and into the indus- 
trial East. 

A heavy vote on the West 
Coast, where Republican and big 
business attacks on labor have 
created the principal issue for the 
election, is expected to bring 


Democratic victories in congres- 
sional districts now held by Re- 
publicans in California and 
Washington. 


Shifts in the Rocky Mountain 
states are expected to be relatively 
small, but Democrats have hopes 
of picking up seats in Colorado 
and Wyoming. 


GOP ‘Heartland’ in Danger 


Additional Democratic gains are 
in prospect in what Pres. Eisen- 
hower in a Chicago speech called 
the “heartland” in which for years 
right-wing Republicans have domi- 
nated the elections. 

Congressional districts believed 
to offer Democrats at least an even 
prospect range from Minnesota and 
North Dakota to the Appalachians, 
with seats considered likely to 
change hands in Wisconsin, Iowa, 
Michigan, Missouri, Illinois, Indi- 
ana and Ohio. 

An expected surge of Demo- 
cratic votes in southern New Eng- 
land and in the industrial states of 
the Mid-Atlantic area, hard hit by 
the recession aid continuing unem- 
ployment, is «onsidered likely to 
result in Democratic House vic- 
tories in Connecticut, Massachu- 
setts, New York, Pennsylvania, 
New Jersey, Maryland and West 
Virginia. 

Republican hopes of checking 
the Democratic push ride largely 
on the possibility that House dis- 
tricts in the Midwest, lost byt nar- 
row margins in 1956, will swing 


back to the GOP this year. 


Ike Gives Blessing to ‘Anti:Labot Drivel 


at the luncheon. 


TRADE UNION OFFICIALS paid special tribute to Israel’s Foreign aecue G Golda Meir at a 
luncheon in Washington. Left to right are Joseph D. Keenan, secretary of the Intl. Brotherhood of 
Electrical Workers; Labor Sec. James P. Mitchell; Mrs. Meir; Pres. James B. Carey, of the Elec- 
trical, Radio & Machine Workers; and Arthur J. fisiaiian’ special counsel to the AFL-CIO and host 


Meany Urges 
UN Refusal to 
Seat Hungary 


(Continued from Page 1) 
the Kadar regime has “continu- 
ously and contemptuously defied 
the resolutions of the General 
Assembly of the UN with respect 
to Hungary.” 


The Soviet-puppet regime has 
“bluntly refused to cooperate with 
the representatives of the UN ap- 
pointed by the General Assembly to 
bring about a just solution of the 
Hungarian question. It has like- 
wise refused to recognize the au- 
thority of the UN Special Com- 
mittee on Hungary.” 


Forfeits’ Rights in UN 


On the basis of these and other 
action, Meany asserted, the Kadar 
regime “has forfeited any claim to 
continue to participate in UN af- 
fairs.” 

Rejection of the credentials of 
the Kadar regime by the UN Gen- 
eral Assembly “would offer new 
hope and inspiration to the people 
of other captive nations who still 
live in hope of some day being 
free,” the federation president said, 
adding: 

“Here is a case where civilized 
humanity’s self respect is at stake. 
This is our only available and 
effective means of registering a 
sincere protest against the ex- 
tremes of human slaughter and 
oppression that have been in- 
flicted upon the unfortunate peo- 
ple of Hungary.” 


How to Vote to Kill 
‘Work’ Proposals 


Here’s how trade unionists 
must mark their ballots to in- 
sure defeat of anti-labor 
“right - to- work” proposals 
which will be voted on in six 
states this November:_ 

CALIFORNIA — Vote 
“NO” on Proposition 18. 

COLORADO—Vote “NO” 
on No. 5. 

IDAHO—Vote 101 to de- 
feat the measure. (A vote on 
100 is a vote in favor of the 
“right-to-work” proposition.) 

KANSAS—Vote “NO” on 
No, 3. 

OHIO—Vote “NO” on No. 
2. 


WASHINGTON — Vote 
“NO” on Initiative 202. 


AFL-CIO Aide Urges 
Joint Action on Safety 


Chicago—Top management officials should sit down with labor § 
leaders on a national level to discuss the establishment of joint 
safety committees, George T. Brown, administrative assistant to 
AFL-CIO Pres. George Meany, proposed, 

In a speech before the National Safety Congress here, Brown 


a great impact at local levels. 
Citing a 1955 survey which 
showed that only one-half of the 
1,000-largest'U.Scorporations had 
some type of joint labor-manage- 
ment safety program, Brown main- 
tained there is room for improve- 
ment. 


Labor Took Initiative 


He pointed out labor’s initiative 
in naming a permanent committee 
on safety at the AFL-CIO’s first 
convention in 1955. While this 
committee outlines broad policies, 
the basic responsibilities lie in per- 
sonal experience at the local level. 

“The joint safety committees 
in the local unions are labor’s 
practitioners of safety,” Brown 
said. “This is the frontier and 
its success is one word—coopera- 
tion. Cooperation is a fact and 
a ‘many-splendored thing’ be- 
cause it unites and creates atti- 
tudes not only within the plant 
but also within the family and 
the whole community.” 


Brown said that better relation- 
ships in safety mean better relations 
at the bargaining table. But he 
added that collective bargaining is 
without meaning to a family that 
has lost its wage earner through 
accident. ~ 
Tracing labor’s fight for safety 
practices, Brown declared the bat- 
tle began before Congress passed 
safety legislation or management 
began to assume its legal responsi- 
bility in safeguarding worker’s 
lives. 
Cooperation Urged 
“But today the stakes are too|! 
high for management or govern- 
ment alone to work out safety plans 
while labor stands by,” he said. 
“With the lives of workers in jeop- 
ardy what more could labor unions 
have at stake than the welfare of 
their members and their families? 
“If management and labor dis- 
cuss this pressing problem at a 
top-level meeting, it would show 
the world what free men do when 
a problem confronts them. It 


would show how a mustard seed 
of idea grows when it is planted 
in the soil of freedom.” 


Brown was a last minute replace- 


said such a conference would have 


dent of the Motion Picture and 
Theatrical Workers, who was de- | 
tained in New York on pressing 
business. 

In another spé&ch at this’ *ses- 


89-92-05 


LIDRARY oF PUBL 
4 L I 
AFFAIRS 
UNIVERSITY OF ¥ 
LARAMIE WYO “s 


sion, E. J. Thomas, president of 
Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co., 
said America’s secret weapon 
against accidents is “cooperation.” 


NLRB Sets Model 
Union Security Clause 


The National Labor Relations. 
Board recently ruled that an ille- 
gally drawn union security clause 
would nullify a contract as a bar 
to representation elections and 
suggested a model clause. 

The Oct. 4, 1958, issue of the 
AFL-CIO News, in reproducing the 
clause, inadvertently omitted a 
phrase. The entire model clause 
as suggested by the NLRB foliows: 


“It shall be a condition of em-3 
ployment that all employes of the 
employer covered by this agree- 
ment who are members of the un- 
ion in good standing on the effec- 4% 
tive date of this agreement shall 
remain members in good standing 4 
and those who are not members on J 
the effective date of this agreement 
shall, on or after the 30th day fol- 7 
lowing the effective date of thi 
agreement, become and remain 
members in good standing in the 
union. It shall also be a condition 
of employment that all employes 
covered by this agreement and 
hired on or after its effective date® 
shall, on or after the 30th day fol- 
lowing the beginning of such em- 
ployment, become and_ remain 


ment for Richard F, Walsh, presi- 


members in good standing in the¥ 
union,” 


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