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Look, Jane, Wasn't It Nice 

of the Boss? 

What is it, Jim? 

The boss made me a present of a year’s 
subscription to Electric Refrigeration News. 

Oh,—is that the paper you've been telling me 

You bet your boots—comes from Detroit 
—full of good stuff for salesmen. That sure 
was mighty nice of the boss. 

Well, it’s good business for him to do it, 

Sure—why not? When he gave me that 
fountain pen last year it was to suggest that I 
sign more orders, wasn’t it? That’s why he 
gives all those banquets and prizes, too—to 
get you pepped up. But he knows we need 

Special group rates for Electric Refrigeration News apply on/y to PAID- 
IN-ADVANCE subscriptions for one year. Charge orders are billed at the 
single-subscription rate, regardless of number. Papers will be sent to 
individual addresses. Please be sure to send a complete list of names and 
addresses with your check or money order. To every person on your list 
we will send a suitable announcement, telling of the gift and giving your 
name as its donor. If any person on your list is already a subscriber, the 
new subscription will apply for one year following the expiration of his 
present subscription, and he will be so notified. Send your order today to 
BUSINESS NEWS PUBLISHING CO., 550 Maccabees Bldg., Detroit. 

some new ideas and inspiration all the time, 
and that’s the reason for this subscription. 

But I thought you always read it at the office? 

I try to see it every week, but it’s pretty 
hard to find. Somebody grabs it the minute it 
comes in, and from then on everbody is trying 
to pry it loose from somebody. By the time it 
gets around to me, it is all worn out. 

Well, it sounds like a practical gift. I wonder if 

he’s sending it to all the salesmen? 

Yeah—he must be. It’s coming to the house 
every week. Give you a chance to see it, too. 
You'll like it—mighty interesting—covers the 
whole electric refrigeration industry. 

It was nice of the boss. 

of subscriptions | and Possessions | (Price includes COUNTRIES 

covered by a land Pan-American tariff charge (Applies only 

single order Postal Union of 5 cents until Jan. 1, 
and check Countries a copy) | 1933) 
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10 or more, each . . | 2.50 «6.50 3.50 
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Merchandising Section 


Registered U. S. Patent Office 

The business newspaper of the refrigeration industry 


VL. 7, No. 15, SERIAL No. 195 

Copyright, 1932, by 
Business News Pub. Co. 


Entered as second-class matter 
Aug. 1, 1927, at Detroit, Mich. 



T. Ronald Allen Named 
Division Manager 
By McElhinny 

MT. CLEMENS, Mich.—A new de- 
pertment to merchandise Copeland elec- 
trie refrigerators through leading retail 
stores has been created by Copeland 
Products, Inc., of this city, according to 
W. D. McElhinny, vice president. 

lr. Ronald Allen, as manager of the 
department store division, will have 
arge of this work. Allen was for- 
merly a merchandising director for the 
Retail Ledger Publications, and _ in 
this capacity contacted leading stores 
‘hroughout the country. 

More recently he was a free-lance 
merchandising and advertising counsel- 
lor to retail stores and store groups, in- 
cluding Strawbridge and Clothier, John 
Wanamaker, Bonwit-Teller, and 23 
stores in the famous Sixty-ninth St. 
shopping center of Philadelphia. 

Allen was one of the pioneers in 
handling sales promotion work for elec- 
tric refrigerators through retail stores. 

42 Distributors Attend 
One-Day Meeting 

DETROIT, Dec. 12.—Distributors, 

branch managers, and regional repre- 
sentatives of Copeland Products, Inc..,- 
42 in all—-met here today in the Book- | 
Cadillac hotel to hear factory execu- | 
tives present plans for the coming year. 
The one-day meeting closed with a | 
banquet at which William Robert Wil- | 
son, president of Copeland Products, | 
Ine., was the principal speaker. 
During the course of the meeting the 
assembled group, representing Copeland 
sales organizations in every part of the | 
United States, heard W. D. McElhinny, | 
vice president in charge of sales, dis- 
cuss merchandising plans and policies | 
for 1933. 
Mr. McElhinny expressed confidence | 
neerning the future of domestic elec- | 
trie refrigeration, pointing out that | 
iealers have verified reports of surveys | 
which indicate an increased desire on 
e part of the homeowner for an elec- 
ic refrigerator. 
Mr. Wilson reviewed the various 
trends which the industry has taken 
(Concluded on 2, Column 5) 



CLEVELAND—Seven General Elec- 
trie key men in five eastern distributor- 
ps will receive prizes ranging from 
ving cups and desk sets to oil paint- 
zs as the result of their participation 
an achievement contest which started 
‘ th the Monitor Top Election Campaign 
d has just been concluded, according 
P. B. Zimmerman, manager of the 
frigeration department. 
The awards will be presented by their 
nors, divisional heads of the General 
ectric refrigeration department. 
Ray Van Valkenburgh, Frank W 
olf, Inc., Buffalo, will receive an oil 

Concluded on Page 4, 


UTICA, N. Y.—The most recent ar- 
ngement for the sale of the complete 
eneral Electric home appliance line, 
cluding refrigerators and Hotpoint 
nges, by a department store was the 
anting of a franchise a few days ago 
Robert Fraser, Inc., of this city 
A formal opening of the new General 
lectric “store within a store” was held 
ec. 2 and 3, and thousands of the 
ore’s regular patrons and others doing 
irly Christmas shopping visited the 
w department. 
Members of the sales organization of | 
Wayne Merriam, Inc., distributor for 
eneral Electric appliances in Syracuse, 
Y., and grantors of the franchise, 
ld a number of smaller appliances, 
d obtained the names and addresses 
many prospects for refrigerators, 
undry equipment, and ranges at the 
ening. i 

Column 3) 



|sists of H. J. Allison, president; J. C. 


| Association 

Division Manager 

Manager of new Copeland depart- | 
ment store division. 


DETROIT — Four new _ distributors | 
have jointed the field organization of | 
the Leonard Refrigerator Co., according | 
to R. I. Petrie, general sales manager. 

J. H. Burke Co., Boston, has been 
appointed distributor in five and a half | 
counties in Massachusetts and_ six 

}counties in New Hampshire. J. H. Burke 

is president and treasurer, and Thomas 
E. Burke, vice president and sales man- 
ager of the new distributorship. 

The Front Co., Wheeling, W. Va., has 
been assigned nine counties in Ohio and 
24 in West Virginia. 

H. M. Tower Corp., New Haven, Conn., 
headed by W. T. Miller, president and 
sales manager, and G. H. Raymond, 
treasurer, has been appointed distribu- 
tor in six counties in Connecticut and | 
three in Massachusetts. 

Glasgow-Allison Co., Charlotte, N. C., 
of which the executive personnel con- 

Irwin, vice president; J. B. Cabbell, | 
treasurer; E. S. Cochran, secretary; and 
Frank E. Clinton, manager of the re- 
frigeration and radio departments, has | 
been assigned territory in North and 
South Carolina. 


tion Co., Cleveland, and 
of Akron, Ohio, both of which have 
been distributors for General Electric 
refrigerators, Hotpoint ranges, dish- | 
washers, electric kitchens, and laundry 
equipment, have merged. 

The new company will be 
the Cushman-Willis Co., with 
quarters in Cleveland and a 
store in Akron. 

The merged companies’ territory in- 
cludes 25 counties of northeastern Ohio 
and western Pennsylvania and has a 

Cushman Refrigera- 
The Willis Co 

known as 

| population of approximately 3,000,000. 

Fred H. Cushman, first G. E. refriger- 
ator distributor, is president of the new 
company. Dan Willis, vice president and 
director of sales, will supervise all sell- 
ing and merchandising activities. Art | 
Willis is secretary and manager in | 
charge of the Akron branch. 

Four Stewart-Warner | 
Distributors Named | 

CHICAG O—Four new distributors | 
have been appointed by the Stewart- 
Warner Corp., according to C. W. 
Strawn, sales manager of the refrigera- 

tion division. The Nies Hardware Co., | 
Holland, Mich.; Parsons Electric Co., | 
Kansas City, Mo.; Korsmeyer Co., | 

and Electric Service Co., 
are the new distribu- 

Lincoln, Neb.; 
Inc., Miami, Fla., 
tors named 

Equipment Association 
Reelects Brunner 

DETROIT—George L. Brunner of the 
Brunner Mfg. Co., Utica, N. Y., was 
unanimously reelected president of the | 
Motor and Equipment Manufacturers | 
during its annual trade 
show held here last week. 

G.E. to Market 
4-Cu. Ft. Junior 
Model for $119 

Quantity M anufacture & 
Distribution of Small 
Unit Started 

CLEVELAND~—Quantity manufacture 
and distribution of a new 4-cu. ft. Gen- 
eral Electric Junior refrigerator, which 
will sell for $119 f.o.b. Schenectady, N. 
Y., has been announced by A. M. 
Sweeney, manager of the production 
and distribution division of the General 
Electric refrigeration department. 

This refrigerator, the smallest made 
in the new line, has a capacity of 4 cu. 
ft. and shelf space of 8.4 sq. ft., Nema 

It has a lacquer exterior and porce- 
lain interior. Hardware is of modern- 
istic design, chrome finished hard brass. 
It also has the new stainless steel super- 

1933 Sales Promotion 
Plans Discussed 


CLEVELAND—A coordinated adver- 
tising and sales promotion campaign in 
behalf of General Electric refrigerators, 
Hotpoint ranges, and other home appli- 
ances for 1933 was outlined during the 
meeting of sales promotion managers 
from major G. E. distributors in all 
parts of the United States, held here 

The two-day conference held 


|} under the direction of W. J. Daily, man- 
lager of the sales promotion division of 

the refrigeration department, and fea- 
tured as speakers: Lou Maxon, Detroit, 
president of Maxon, Inc.; W. A. Grove, 
Chicago, advertising manager for Edi- 

|son General Electric Appliance Co., Inc.; 

Bruce Barton, New York City, chair- 
man of the board of directors of Batten, 
Barton, Durstine & Osborn; M. F. 
Mahony, manager of the merchandising 
division of the refrigeration depart- 
ment; and other departmental execu- 

| tives. 

Daily, in outlining plans for advertis- 
ing and sales promotion activities for 
1933, stressed the importance of trade 

| paper, magazine, and newspaper adver- 

tising, asserting that these media will 
now, more than ever, make the job of 
the salesman easier. He also declared 
that the department’s advertising bud- 
get will prove adequate to meet the 
heavy demands it must answer. 
Mahony told the sales promotion man 
agers that the canvasser has been the 
pioneer of industry in this country. He 
said, “the job of the canvasser always 
has been and always will be to stimu- 

|late the desire to buy something 

“This desire is inherent in all of us, 

but it is a latent desire,” he said. “It 
must be stimulated to action, people 

must be given cause to feel that they 
need a particular service at a particu- 

lar time. That is the purpose of the 
Grove stated that distributors’ retail 

(Concluded on Page 8, Column 1) 





Penn, Ranco, General Electric, & Cutler Hammer 

Designated to Make 

Controls under the 

Blackmore and Summers Patents 

DETROIT—Four manufacturers of refrigeration control devices 
have been licensed by Frigidaire Corp. to make cold controls under 
the Blackmore and Summers patents, and 48 mafufacturers of 
household electric refrigerators have been licensed to use the con- 
trols according to information from sources in the trade. The li- 

censing agreement comes as a res 

Wife of Kelvinator! 
Salesman Wins 
Puzzle Prize 

DETROIT—A nation-wide cross-word 

puzzle and essay contest, staged for 
feminine members of the families of 
Kelvinator salesmen, came to a close 

last week with the wife of L. F. Dahl 
of Denver, a salesman of the Public 
Service Co. of Colorado, the winner of 
the first prize, a Mixmaster, complete 
with all attachments. 

“Mrs. Dahl’s letter demonstrated that 
she had considerable knowledge of her 
husband’s work and it set forth a well 
defined plan for helping him,’ com- 
mented J. S. Sayre, sales manager. 

“Mr. Dahl has made a splendid rec- 
ord in Kelvinator contests. In the re- 
cent derby, he was one of the high sales- 
men for his company and was among 
the leading 100 salesmen in the Sayre 
and Perkins selling races conducted in 
that contest.” 

The second award, a_ 5St. 
blanket, went to Mrs. Sidney W. Riddell | 
of Buffalo, whose letter told of the use 
she had made of the telephone sales 
plan in the obtaining of prospects for 
her husband. 

Five third prizes, consisting of : 
year’s subscription to Good Housekeep- 
ing Magazine, were awarded as follows: 

Miss Florence Rose, Roslindale, Mass.; 


M. McGee, Valley Stream, N. Y.; Miss 

(Concluded on Page 8, Column 1) 


Stranahan has just been appointed | 

|middle western sales representative for | 

the All-American Mohawk Corp., manu 
facturer of Mohawk refrigerators, Mo- 

| hawk washers, and Lyric radios, accord 



Men Talk ‘Shop’ 

ing to word received from the executive 

Mr. Stranahan 
quarters in Chicago 

will maintain head 
All sales represen 

the | 

tation for Mohawk products in 
states of Minnesota, Illinois, Michigan, 
Indiana, Wisconsin, and North and/| 

South Dakota, will be under Mr. Strana- 
han’s supervision in the future. 

“*: 7 


W. J. Daily (left), G. E. refrigerator sales promotion and advertising 
manager, and W. A. Grove (right), advertising manager of Hotpoint 
ranges, talk with Bruce Barton, famous agency executive. 

Marys | 

| plies 

ult of the infringement suit won 
by Frigidaire against Jesse Moore, a 
Majestic dealer in Des Moines, Iowa, in 
which Judge C. A. Dewey of the U. S. 
District Court upheld the validity of 
Frigidaire’s Blackmore patent 1,658,323 
and the Summers’ patent 1,819,979 (see 
ELectric REFRIGERATION News, Nov. 5, 
1932). This was a joint patent suit 
brought by Frigidaire and Penn Elec- 
tric Switch Co. (at that time a licensee), 
and was defended by Grigsby-Grunow 
Co., manufacturer of the Majestic re- 

The following control makers have 
been “licensed to manufacture” temper- 
ature controls which come under the 
scope of the cold control patents: Auto- 
matic Reclosing Circuit Breaker Co., 
Cutler-Hammer, Inc., General Electric 
Co., and Penn Electric Switch Co. 

Under terms of the agreement with 
control manufacturers, these four firms 
may sell controls to any of the 48 re- 
frigerator manufacturers which are “li- 
censed to use” the cold control. Basic 
prices, terms of sale, and guarantees 
offered on controls are reported to be 

It is understood that the present list 
of 48 refrigerator manufacturers li- 
censed to use the cold control may be 
(Concluded on Page 2, Column 4) 


DETROIT—R. I. Petrie, general sales 

|Mrs. James Eakins, Denver; Mrs. Elsie |™anager of the Leonard Refrigerator 

Co., and A. M. Taylor, merchandising 
director, returned to Detroit last week- 
end for a _ breathing spell between 
wholesale schools 

On the Petrie-Taylor swing along the 
East coast, schools were held at Boston, 
New York City, and Philadelphia. 

The schools enter their second lap 
this week, with the Petrie-Taylor “fly- 
ing squadron” staging two-day sessions 
at Chicago and Kansas City. 

Twenty-six representatives of com- 
panies which distribute Leonard electric 
refrigerators in the Philadelphia, Wash 
ington, D. C., Baltimore, and Richmond 

Va., areas returned to their duties 
Saturday after having spent two days 
in wholesale school, held at the Syl 

vania hotel, Philadelphia 
The Klein Stove Co., 

(Concluded on Page 2, 


Column 4) 

West Coast Meetings 

SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 13.— District 
Managers J. B. Nicolson and H. E 
Brasier of the Leonard Refrigerator 
Co. held a school here yesterday and 
today with representatives of Chanslor 
& Lyons Stores, Inc., in attendance 
Next session will be held in Portland, 

On Monday and Tuesday, Dec. 5 and 
6, a school was held tn San Diego, Calif 
for representatives of the Electric Sup 
Distributing Co., distributor in 
that area. On Wednesday, Dec. 7, repre 
sentatives of the Momsen, Dunnegan, 
Ryan Co., attended a school in Phoenix, 
Ariz. On Thursday and Friday, Dec. 8 
and 9, a school was held for this 
pany at El Paso, Tex 


Copeland Distributor 
In Syracuse Dies 

SYRACUSE, N. Y.~ B. I. Cooper, dis 
tributor for Copeland refrigerators in 
this territory since 1927, died here 
Saturday morning 

Resolutions expressing sympathy were 
received from Mr. Cooper's fellow dis 
tributors, gathered at their annual 

meeting which convened Monday in 

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Wives, Sweethearts, or Mothers of 100 
Kelvinator Salesmen Get Prizes 

DETROIT—More than 100 fitted, cow-;consin Valley Electric Co., Wausau, Wis.; 

hide overnight cases have been shipped 
to wives, mothers, or sweethearts of the 
Kelvinator salesmen who were leaders 
at the mid-point in the Christmas sales 
campaign now being conducted by the 
Kelvinator Corp., according to J. S. 
Sayre, sales manager. 

These cases, mid-contest prizes, were 
known as the “Jud Sayre awards,” in- 
asmuch as it was the idea of Sayre to 
give recognition to the “women folks” 
for the important part they play in the 
success of every selling man. 

Kelvinator salesmen, 
whose families “Jud Sayre awards” have 
been shipped, are as follows: 

to members of | Tex.; W. 

T. M. Yarrell, El Paso Electric Co., El 
Paso, Tex.; C. J. Netzer, Western Colorado 
Power Co., Delta, Colo.; E. M. Devin, Thur- 
man & Boone Co., Roanoke, Va.; W. R. 
Robinson, Southern Public Utilities Co., 
Charlotte, N. C.; Frank Meoni, Kirkmyer | 
Electric Co., Richmond, Va. 

J. A. Hood, South Carolina Power Co., 
Charlotte, S. C.; D. J. Brennon, Stimson & 
Berry, Waterville, Me.; J. W. Hartley, N. 
H. Gas & Electric Co., Portsmouth, N. H.; 
Everett R. Souther, Cumberland County 
Power & Light Co., Portland, Me.; Frank 
Feeley, Homer Kiffg, Inc., Tacoma, Wash. 

J. Birchfield, Powers Furniture Co., Port- 
land, Ore.; J. B. Walker, Casper Supply Co., 

Casper, Wyo.; Paul 8S. Gelwick, Kelvinator- 
Bohman Co., Hagerstown, Md.; L. H. Shopf, 
Landis Electric Co., Lancaster, Pa.; William 
R. Collard, Peoples Globe Furniture Co., 
Canton, Ohio 

E. N. Park, Kelvinator-Appliance 
Miami, Fla.; Harriet Shepard, Public 
ice Co. of New Hampshire, Manchester, N. 


| Harold 
| Angeles; 

H.; Paul Filler, Barber & Ross, Inc., Wash- 
ington, D. C.; F. Bischofberger, Public | 
Service Co. of Colorado, Denver; J. D 

Cassidy, Kelvinator Sales Corp., New York 

George W. Wright, Kelvinator Sales Corp., 
Buffalo; J. 
Cambridge, Mass. ; 
well Co., Chicago; 

W. E 

Rouch, L. C. 


Get the most 


more than just being 

down payment and the amount monthly. 
That “something more” is quite often the 

G. Miller, Kelvinator Sales Corp., | 

is something 

reason why sales are made 

To help you make more sales and to pre- 
of sales Commercial Credit 

vent the loss 

Company has more than a hundred men, 
thoroughly versed in the art of selling re- 
frigeration on time, who are at your service. 

These men operate from the many offices 
of this Company located in the principal 
United States 
They are at your service at any time—as 
close to you as your telephone. 

of the 


Behind these men are the resources of one 
of the world’s largest Finance Companies 
is as complete in its farthest 

whose service 

oflice as it is 

at headquarters. 

| M. 

Harvey A. Wilson, Emmons-Hawkins Hard- 
ware Co., Huntington, W. Va. 

Lawrence Anstutter, Tri-State Electric Co., 
Sioux Falls, S. D.; J. R. Folson, Graybar 
Electric Co., Atlanta; Peter Bloome, Mueller 
Lumber Co., Davenport, Iowa; J. I. Burson, 
| Stambaugh - Thompson Co.:, Youngstown, 
Ohio; Henry Fautsch, John Van Benschoten, 
Inc., Poughkeepsie, N. Y.; H. L. Barlow, 
Graybar Electric Co., Cleveland. 

F. A. Stimm, Virginia Public Service Co., 
Alexandria, Va.; F. D. Clark, Rackliffe 
Brothers Co., New Britain, Conn.; H. Londa, 
Public Service Electric-Gas, Newark; W. W. 
| Droddy, Straus-Bodenheimer Co., Houston, 
Beserosky, Post & Lester Co. of 
Providence, R. I.; Harry 

Rhode Island, 

Wolff, Tom Cooper Motor Co., Oklahoma City. | 

R. E. Nelson, Isaac Walker Hardware 
Co., Peoria, Ill.; W. A. Clauss, Graybar 
Electric Co., Cincinnati; K. S. Isley, Caro- 

lina-Kelvinator Co., Greenville, N. C.; P. 
Petranek, Graybar Electric Co., Minneapolis; 
Cc. M. Harris, Graybar Electric Co., Omaha. 
Ford, Kelvinator-Pacific Co., Los 
N. A. Shoop, Kelvinator-Careva 
York, Pa.; Leon Hampton, Sullivan 
Valve & Engineering Co., Butte, Mont.; I. 
Hanna, Williams Hardware Co., Clarks- 
W. Va.; D. T. Martin, Central Illinois 
Service Co., Springfield, Ill. 
Maxfield, Kaufman-Leonard Co., 
Tacoma, Wash.; J. R. Patton, Daugherty 
Supply Co., Chattanooga, Tenn.; W. W. 
Woodward, Northern States Power Co., 
Minneapolis; L. E. Wheyland, 
Power Co., Birmingham, Ala.; J. M. Scholem, 

| Co., 

a 3 

555, Inc., Little Rock, Ark. 
B. Newhouse, Sherman Clay & Co., San 
Francisco; Fred Ramsing, Electrical Equip- 

Albert Reep, Pear- 

ment Co., Phoenix, Ariz. ; 
son Piano Co., Indianapolis; C. E. 

North Lumber Co., Kalamazoo, Mich.; C. 
M. Hauer, C. R. Rogers Co., Pittsburgh; 
J. C. Nunnally, Broad River Power Co., 
Columbia, S. C.; Louis Nachman, Witte 
Hardware Co., St. Louis. 
G. W. Groddy, Public Service Co. of 


Indianapolis; Michael 
Gas & Electric Co., 


Mass.; L. M. Williams, Philip Werlein, Ltd., 

able to quote a 

le . 
close personal 

Alabama | 

New Orleans; Clyde Lancaster, Clark & 
Jones, Birmingham, Ala.; R. F. Fischer, 
Albany Garage Co., Albany, N. Y. 

Roscoe Guilbert, Morley-Murphy Co., Mil- 
waukee; Victor Mucci, Stratton & Terstegge 
Co., Louisville; N. Dean, Zion's Cooperative 
Mercantile Institute, Salt Lake City, Utah; 
J. R. Jones, Jones-Cornett Co., Welch, W. 
Va.; H. Ray Turner, H. E. Sorenson Co., 
Des Moines, Iowa. 

Glen Hamilton, Northwestern Public Serv- 
ice Co., Huron, S. D.; W. Beley, Wil- 
liamsport Auto Parts Co., Williamsport, Pa.; 
John W. Jennings, Moore & Stewart, Inc.; 
Gastonia, N. C.; J. R. Offield, Panhandle- 
| Kelvinator Co., Amarillo, Tex.; D. T. Lans- 
| ing, D. T. Lansing Co., Scranton, Pa. 
| A.W. MeNichols, Earle Rogers Co., Wheel- 
| ing, W. Va.; E. W. Ericson, Worcester Gas 
| & Electric Co., Worcester, Mass.; Joseph P. 
Ae Kelvinator-Flint, Flint, Mich.; George 

S. Schofield, Jere Woodring & Co., Hazel- 
}ton, Pa.; C. C. Taylor, Newt 
| Austin, Tex.; E. C. Mueller, Weller’s, Inc., 
| Asbury Park, N. J. 
| P. D. Wilmot, Mabie 
|Co., Roswell, N. M.; BEitel 
Murphy Co., Green Bay, Wis.; E. R. Flatt, 
| Tull & Gibbs, Spokane, Wash.; Elton Dur- 

rell, Lowell Electric Light Corp., Lowell, 

Mass. ; N. W. Calkins, Calkins-White 
| Brothers, Pueblo, Colo.; Stanley Malanow- 
| ski, Kelvinator-Stanley, Tampa, Fla. 
| W. Budcher, Dayton-Kelvinator Co., Day- 
|ton; V. T. Earley, Central Hardware & Fac- 
tory Supply, Akron, Ohio; M. Bowen, Ray- 
mond Rosen Co., Philadelphia; C. W. Rid- 
dell, Seaman's Electric Shop, Concord, N. H.; 
Stanley Crawford, G. S. Blodgett Co., Burl- 
ington, Vt.; and E. C. Mercer, Kelvinator- 
|}San Diego Co., San Diego, Calif. 

Meyer, Morley- 


WATERTOWN, N. Y.—An_ actual 
demonstration of the Mayflower milk 
|}cooler at the farmer’s home is the sales 
method of C. D. Burkhard, Mayflower 
|commercial dealer, who covers a terri- 
tory of 50 miles radius in northern New 
| York. 

Burkhard supplies his salesmen with 
a truck on which is mounted a four- 

can Mayflower milk cooling unit hooked 
|up and ready to run. 


contact, security, quick credit 

Service assures you 

service, prompt remittances and an efficient 



and Canada. garding your 

making it. 
Address __- 


Proc o oon 

collection system. 
Commercial Credit Company 
Baltimore, Md. 


Use the coupon 

We would like to talk to one of your men who 
will show us how to properly present the time 
We would also like full information re- 

service. This request is with the 

understanding that we are not obligated by 






ee Ss 

Brunson, | 

Lowrey Hardware | 

Frigidaire Licenses 
48 Companies on 

Cold Control 

(Concluded from Page 1, Column 5) 

enlarged or reduced from time to time 
by Frigidaire. Licensing negotiations 
are in charge of J. R. Fehr, chief patent 
counsel for Frigidaire Corp., Dayton. 
The present list includes: 

Apex Electrical Mfg. Co., Cleveland 

Bohn Refrigerator Co., St. Paul 

Cold Storage Refrigeration Co., Los Angeles 
Copeland Products, Inc., Mt. Clemens, Mich. 
| Crosley Radio Corp., Cincinnati 

| Dayton Pump & Mfg. Co., Dayton 
Domestic Industries, Inc., Mansfield, Ohio 
Fedders Mfg. Co., Buffalo 

| Frigidaire Corp., Dayton 
General Electric Co., Electric 


Dept., Cleveland 

Gibson Electric Refrigerator Corp., Green- | 
ville, Mich. 

Gilfillan Bros., Inc., Los Angeles 

Grigsby-Grunow Co., Chicago 

Grinnell Washing Machine Corp., Grinnell, | 

Grunow Corp., Chicago 
Holbrook Mfg. Co., Los Angeles 
Ilg Electric Ventilating Co., Chicago 
Illinois Moulding Co., Chicago 

Jewett Refrigerator Co., The, Buffalo 
Kelvinator Corp., Detroit 
Maine Mfg. Co., Nashua, N. H. 

| Malleable Iron Range Co., Beaver Dam, Wis. 
| Merchant & Evans Co., Philadelphia 

| National Pump & Mfg. Co., Dayton 

Norge Corp., Detroit 

O'Keefe & Merritt Co., Los Angeles 
| Pine Hill Crystal Spring Water Co., New 
| York City 

Republic Tool Products Co., Dayton 

Rice Electric Refrigeration, Inc., Brooklyn 

Rudolph Wurlitzer, N. Tonawanda, N. Y. 

Sanitary Refrigerator Co., Fond du Lac, Wis. 

Sears Roebuck & Co., Chicago 

| Servel Sales, Inc., Evansville, Ind. 

Sparks-Withington Co., Jackson, Mich. 

| Chas. C. Spreen Laboratories, Birmingham, 

Stewart-Warner Corp., Chicago 

|} Sunbeam Electric Mfg. Co., Evansville, Ind. 

Sturtevant Co., B. F., Hyde Park, Mass. 

|} Tennessee Furniture Corp., Chattanooga, 

| Trupar Mfg. Co., Dayton 

| Uniflow Mfg. Co., Erie, 

Universal Cooler Corp., 


| U. S. Radio & Television Corp., Marion, Ind. | 

Westinghouse Electric & Mfg. Co., Mans- 

| field, Ohio 

Williams Oil-O-Matic Heating Corp., Bloom- 
ington, IIl. 

| Zerozone Corp., Chicago 
Hayes Wheel & Forming Co., Chatham, Ont. 
Service Station Equipment Co., Toronto, Ont. 
It understood that the following 
schedule of prices and terms of sale 
has been established by Frigidaire and 
is uniform with the four concerns men- 
| tioned: 


* * a 


Quantities Overload* M. C. C.+ 
2.000 & Above $2.50 $2.30 
1,000-—1,999 2.60 2.40 
500. 999 2.70 c.50 
250 199 2.80 2.60 
100 249 2.90 2.70 
25 99 3.00 2.80 
Less than 25 1.00 5.80 


cold control with 
eold control without 
with cold dial only. 


Bellows—1'x in., single ply 
in. bellows specified and neces- 

When 1'% 

sary add 20 cents to base price of temper- 
ature switch and pressure switch 
When double ply bellows specified and 

necessary add 20 cents to base price of pres- 
sure switch 
minus 1° F., 
Minimum Differential 


plus or 
plus or 

pressure switch 

Teinperature switch 

6 F., pressure switch—minimum- with 
standard bellows 
Less Differential—Temperature switch 
udd 25 cents to base price. Pressure switch 
special bellows and _ price 
Standard Fittings 
Temperature switch—2t in. of ‘s-in. capil 
lary tube with bulb, or 24 in. of 3/16 
in. tubing without bulb 
Pressure switch—standard SAE thread at 
tachment for in.tubing 
Longer Tubes: Temperature switch—add 5 
cents per ft r fraction thereof 
Dial Plate—Above prices include dial 
plates, the cost of which does not exceed 
10 cents. If the cost exceeds this, add the 
excess to the selling price 


(Concluded from Page 1, Column 1 
during the past year, and pointed to 
some facts which indicate that th re 
will be no decreased demand for e¢ ¢. 
tric refrigerators in 1933. 

Other factory executives who sp: «¢ 
on subjects related to the work of t} §j; 
departments were: 

John R. Replogle, vice president in 
charge of engineering; Charles W. H 
den, general sales manager; Georg: 
Licence, manager, service departm: 
Harry Newcomb, commercial sales m.n- 
ager; Edward Barger, production m 
ager; T. R. Allen, manager, departn 
| store division. 

Distributors in Attendance 

| Those in attendance at the meet 

B. C. Taylor, C. L. Percival Co., Des 
| Moines, Iowa; R. B. Dorrance, Sam Brown 
|L. L. Bohannon—all of the Brown-Dorr: 
Electric Co., Pittsburgh; Irwin Browd, \| 
bany Distributing Corp., Albany, N. Y 

R. L. Van Meter, Van Meter Co., Ce 
Rapids, Iowa; R. A. McKee, McKee Musi 
|Co., Charleston, W. Va.; David Franke! 
| Frankelite Co., Cleveland; R. F. Boyl 
and F. P. Boyland, Good Housekee} 
| Shop, Columbus, Ohio; H. D. Cramer, Com 

monwealth Electric Co., Harrisburg, fa 
|H. E. Mason, Peoples Hardware Co., Ha 
sonburg, W. Va.; Adolf Wagner, Wagner 
Electric Co., Indianapolis 

Frank Silver, Frank Silver, Ine., Lynch 

burg, Va.; D. C. Lappin and Sam Rauchir 
| Lappin Electric Co., Milwaukee; J. J. Gerwe 
George A. Clark & Son, Minneapolis; Ben 
jamin Fisch, Copeland Electric Refrigera 
tion Co., Newport News, Va. 

Benjamin Binder, Binder Distributing 
Co., Newark: Ray Smith, Thomas J. North 

way, Inc., Rochester, N. Y.; H. 8S. Schiele 
jand Ray Layer, The Artophone Co., 8t 
Louis: H. F. Hartman, Hartman Electri 
|Co., Seranton, Pa. 

Carl Windel, 

Radio Electric Store, Spri 

field, Ohio; R tobertson, B. I. Cooper 
Sales Co., Syracuse, N. Y.; D. G. Conna 
Walter Connally Co., Tyler, Tex.; Leo Keil 
| Keil Motor Co., Wilmington, Del 

J. B. Manore, Manore Sales, Toledo; A 
D. Fink, Fink Electric Co., Cincinnati; J 
F. Miller, Bigelow & Dowse Co., Boston 
Charles Liske, Charles Liske Co., Buff 
D. Eyster, H. E. Goodling Electric ( 
York, Pa. 

Ken S. Baxter, president, Copeland Co 
New York City; H. T. Kessler, president 
Copeland Co. of Chicago; Ralph Grahan 

president, Copeland Co. of Detroit. 

F. T. Williams, eastern regional manager 
Frank Obert, eastern sales representative 
Ralph W. Jones, western regional manager 
W. J. Miller, western sales representative 
@— —-- 

M.C. C. 

Switchs Overload* M.C.C.+ Switch’ 
$2.15 $2.30 $2.10 $1 
2.25 2.40 2.20 
2.35 2.50 ». 30 
2.45 2.60 2.40 
» 55 2.70 2 BO 
) 65 2 80 > 6O 
3.65 3.80 $60 
Plate Omission—Where a _ bakelite f! 
is furnished, thus omitting the dial pl 
i deduction will be made from the sel 
Guarantee—Thermostats shall be guer 

teed 12 months from shipment on workn 

ship and against defects 
Prices—Above prices are 

selling prices and apply to 

quantities t 

taken by the customer within 12 month 
written agreement or order guarantee 
ss a minimum the quantity on which 
price is based. Any customer not tal 
the guaranteed minimum number of ther 
stats will be billed an additional am 
to cover the right prices for the quar 
ictually taken 

F.o.b. Point—Factory 

Terms—Not over 30 day net No 

Limiting Date—-No sales agreement 
juotation shall cover a period extending 
yond the October 31 next succeeding 
Customer's Acceptance All quota 
shall be subject to acceptance by th 

tomer within 10 days from date of 
of the quotation 

Petrie and Taylor to Hold Wholesale Schools 

In Chicago an 


1, Column 5 

distributor, was host at the meeting 
Its representatives who were present 
were Samuel Klein, Julius Klein, Walter 
Brous, W. B. Vorpi, D. M. Crawford, 
|George J. Ellis, Harold Tiley, Joseph 
|Aarons, Arch Sickel, A. Seidensticker, 
|James Black, F. W. Kelly, L. J. Lein- 
|hauser, H. W. Klein, A. J. Colfer, and 
E. O. Kraemer 

From the Richmond 
Richmond, Va., distributor, 
V. Farrar, L. E. Clark, M. 
jand W. D. Stuart 
| Representing the Southern Whole- 
salers, Inc., distributor at Washington, 
iD. C., were groups from both the na- 
tion's capital and Baltimore From 
|Washington, D. C., came C. A. Allen, 
{George Adler, and I. W. Cotton, and 
lfrom Baltimore, E. W. Vincent, W. J 
Calsam, and T. W. Skinner. 

Petrie and Taylor announced 
|names of those who attended the 
York City meeting as follows: 
| Representing the E. B. Latham Co., 
| New York distributor, were E. B. Lat- 
ham, J. B. Olson, J. M. Beach, R. E 

Concluded from Page 

Hardware Co., 
came R. E 
L. Horner, 


d Kansas City 

Mihlheisen, A. Be 
Walter Boyne, A 

Hunting, F. R. 
J. M. Bulhoickel, 
Mantz, W. D. Lawton, Jr., P. J. H 
man, R. F. Downing, Jim Henry, 
Holman, A. J. Skevington, Jack Hoo 

H. A. Schmidt, J. L. Owen, Jr., L 
Frackler, R. C. Wahlig, E. J. Johns 
James M. Brady, W. H. Topping, 
E. J. Savage. 

From Rochester, N. Y., Carl L. H 
man and Ray Prairie, and from 
Warner Distributing Corp., Syrac 
C. V. McArdell, and R. E. Walling 

H. M. Tower Corp., New Haven, C 
sent George S. Raymond, I. D. Newm 
Jules Farlow, J. J. Johnson, Ear! Lis 
more, and Fred Keeney 

E. S. & E. Co., Albany, 
Powers, P. T. Houle, E 
Frank May. 

Others in attendance were B. T. I 
and Glen Rogo, district managers 
the Leonard Refrigerator Co.; 
Ketchlidge, Donaldson Lithograph: - 
Co.; Albert Smith, district service m 
ager for the factory; and J. J. O'N 
new business manager, Refrigerat 
Discount Corp 

N. Y., R 


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“> 4-B-m- 


‘IY you were buying an 

electric refrigerator, what 

make would you prefer? ” 



MPARTIAL surveys of the refrigerator market 

recently conducted by several national mag- 
azines and leading newspapers again prove the 
tremendous public preference for the General 
Electric refrigerator. These surveys represent all 
parts of the country—were made by wholly 
disinterested parties—but in each instance the 
result was the same. 

Over 40% of all prospective buyers interviewed 
in these surveys stated a definite preference for 
General Electric—three times the number 

expressing a preference for any other make. 

For the retailer here is more evidence of plus- 
value in the General Electric franchise. The G-E 
retailer is identified with a quality product, one 
that dominates the market, is consistently 
advertised and has an unparalleled performance 
record back of it. That’s why G-E refrigerator 
retailers have more sales opportunities and meet 
less sales-resistance. General Electric Company, 
Electric Refrigeration Department, Section 
DF121, 1400 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio. 






There is a General Electric 
refrigerator to meet the 
demands of every pros- 
pective buyer— whether 
it be low price or highest 
quality. Available terms 
are as low as *7 down 
and *7 a month. 

fee ob cn rf % Be ae ee ee pe ee Se ee eras i ia el 
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The Business Newspaper of the Refrigeration Industry 

Published Every Week by 

Also publishers of RerriceraTep Foop News (monthly) and 
REFRIGERATION Directory and Market Data Book (annual) 
550 Maccabees Building, Woodward Ave. and Putnam St. 
Detroit, Michigan. Telephones: Columbia 4242-4243-4244 

Subscription Rates: 

U. S. and Possessions and countries in Pan-American 
Postal Union: $3.00 per year; 2 years for $5.00 
Canada: $6.00 per year (U. S. Money) 

All Other Countries: $4.00 per year; 2 years for $7.00 
Advertising Rates on Request 

F. M. COCKRELL, Publisher 

GeorGcE F.. TAUBENECK, Editor 
JoHN T. SCHAEFER, Engineering Editor 
Pui B. ReDdeKer, Assistant Editor 
MarGareT M. THOMPSON, Assistant Editor 
Eston D. Herron, Staff Writer 

Freperick W. Brack, Advertising Manager 
Gerorce N. Conapon, Business Manager 
JoHN R. ApAms, Production Manager 
Member, Audit Bureau of Circulations 

Copyright, 1932, by Business News Publishing Co. 

VoL. 7, No. 15, SERIAL No. 195, PART 1, Dec. 14, 1932 

Back To Fundamentals 

J. OAKLEY, new president of the Amer- 
A. ican Society of Refrigerating Engineers, 
believes that the refrigeration industry has pro- 
gressed further in the last five years than it has 
in any previous ten years of its existence. It was 
not until about 1918, he thinks, that the ingenuity 
of refrigeration engineers really began to become 

Moreover, President Oakley insists that the 
industry is gathering momentum rapidly, that the 
next five years will likely witness an even greater 
forward bound. 

Conscious indeed of the industry’s quick tempo 
were the engineers who attended the twenty- 
eighth annual meeting of the A.S.R.E. at the Hotel 
New Yorker in New York City last week. It seemed 
to be a general feeling that refrigeration engineer- 
ing was running itself dizzy, that there were possi- 
bilities of some members of the fraternity flying 
off on a tangent, and that it was high time for 
the brotherhood to go back and study funda- 

They did just that. The sessions were con- 
ducted and addressed by veterans, by professors, 
end practicing engineers of vast experience. Inno- 
vations of the year were studied in the light of 
first principles. 

First Principles 

At the conclusion of the gathering engineers 
returned to their various workshops feeling better 
able to judge the fruits of their own labors and— 
most of them—more firmly convinced than ever 
that they are on the right track in their experi- 

It was in the halls and lobbies and hotel rooms 
that the discussions of new devices and future 
trends took place. Judging from the ideas un- 
folded and the ventures now under way, Mr. Oakley 
is right. Refrigeration as a science is still in its 

What this means to the dealer and distributor 
of household and commercial electric refrigeration 

is obvious. If these merchandisers can continue to 
show refrigeration manufacturers that they know 
how to move refrigeration products in great 
volume no matter how leaden the business skies 
may appear, they will be right in line to take on 
the distribution of new profit-making products 
when such are ready to roll off production lines. 

Air Conditioning 

Judging from the off-the-record conversations 
at the A.S.R.E. meeting, most refrigeration engi- 
neers are spending a considerable portion of their | 
time working on air conditioning. | 

Many of them will agree that air-conditioning 
equipment is in about the same relative position 
to the modern household electric refrigerator as 
television is to the all-wave superheterodyne radio. 
The public has anticipated both air conditioning 
and television, some engineers feel, before their 
engineering maturity. 

Not one of these engineers is ready to dispute, 
however, the supposition that air conditioning is 
the next big field for refrigeration. And all are 
thinking about and working toward the end of 
speeding the invasion and conquest of that field. 

Future of household electric refrigerator de- 
sign, many A.S.R.E. men believe, lies in the hands 

| dising, December, 1932. | 
| A-1 

|} air conditioning. 

of purchasers. Most of the leading manufacturers 
have in their laboratories fully developed rotary, 
reciprocating, open, and sealed compressors, and 
even absorption systems. Whichever way the 
wind of public preference may veer, they are all 
set for it. 

Cabinets Neglected 

Little thinking on cabinet design, though, was 
evidenced. The matters of styling to enhance sales 
appeal, of altered construction to secure greater 
efficiency, were almost entirely neglected during 
the course of the session. Either a good bet is 
being missed, or else the engineers and their su- 
periors think other problems are more pressing. 

In the flurry of the fight against competition 
and the battle against sales resistance, merchan- 
dising organizations often forget the great con- 
tribution that engineers are making to the in- 

When thinking and planning for the future, it 
may be a grave mistake if one fails to allow for 
new engineering developments. For some years 
now the industry has been working against a bogie 
of “saturation” (every wired home equipped with 
electric refrigeration). Something new may come 
along to obsolete partially or entirely all old equip- 
ment, and to set up an entirely different bogie or 
set of bogies. 

Even to creative and inventive engineers of the 
first magnitude, possibilities of the growth and 
spread of the refrigeration industry almost stagger 
the imagination. Those fortunate enough to have 
gained a good foothold in the industry, either as 
makers or sellers, will likely do well to get them- 
Selves solidly intrenched. Future of the business 
appears promising indeed. 

| Gleanings from Other Periodicals 


ASED on sales reported for nine months, the total 

volume of business in electric ranges will probably reach 
60,000 units for the year 1932. The return to the manufac- 
turers will be an average of approxixmately $80 a range. 
A total of $4,800,000. 

This return will not cover the cost of manufacturing, 
selling, and overhead. It provides nothing for the advertis- 
ing and promotion program necessary to reach the industry 
goal of a million more ranges on the lines in three years. 

The money for extending the market will have to come 
from the range manufacturers. They can only put up this 
money if they have margins to provide it. Present prices 
do not yield such margins. Manufacturers this year have 
tried to sell ranges in the higher price brackets. Their 
effort has been unsuccessful due largely to the power com- 
panies’ insistence on pushing ranges at $100 or less. 

The utilities still dictate the prices for ranges. 

Manufacturers, distributors, and dealers look forward to 
the development of a broad range market. They are all 
anxious to sell ranges. The result will be a continuing 
benefit to the domestic power load. The utilities will receive 
this added load just as soon as they will assume their re- 
sponsibility to lead sales upward in price and value. Dealers 
can take their place as important factors in range selling 
only when the utilities accept the same schedule of list 
prices and discounts set by the manufacturers to cover the 
cost of promotion and distribution as well as the cost of 

There is no question here of price agreements. All that 

is called for is that the utilities use their dominant position 
in range merchandising to foster living price levels in their | 
communities. The price at which the power company 
advertises and sells a range tends to set that price as the 
standard in that area. A dealer who must ranges at 
$150 finds it tough going when the central station features | 


a range at $99. 

Whether or not next year sees the hoped for range cam- 
power companies, it de- 
Electrical Merchan- 

paign in operation rests with the 
pends on their policies toward prices 


NDOUBTEDLY involves a considera- | 
tion of health 

But many miscon- 
ceptions exist as to just done for health by 
The influence air and of air 
balanced in interiors against exterior air as to temperature | 
and humidity undoubtedly is effective against colds, respira- | 
irritations, and other disturbances that come 
to dirty air and shocks membranes in 

air conditioning 
as well as comfort. 
what can be 
of clean 

going from an interior air condition to an exterior. 


exposure to 

But it is also claimed that the production of ozone or | 
of ionized air affects health. The claims for ozone are sound | 
|} except that human beings cannot live in ozone concentra- 
tions sufficient to have a bacteriological influence. It takes 
about 13 parts of ozone to a million parts of air as a 
minimum to influence bacteria and human beings are in-| 
juriously affected by one or more parts of ozone in a 
million parts of air 

It is interesting, however, to consider the researches 
going on as to the effect of ionization in air on health. 
Present data show that positive ions produce feelings of 
dizziness, fatigue, headaches, nausea, and roaring in the} 
ears. Negative ions, however, product exhilaration, reduce | 

blood pressure, and appear to have a very salutary effect | 
on respiration and heart action. Data are meager, however, 
and equipment to negatively ionize air is embryonic in a 
commercial sense. From the standpoint of health therefore 
present air-conditioning equipment can aid only because it 
makes clean air and controls interior temperature and 
humidity relative to conditions found in the exterior air. 
Electrical World, Dec. 10, 1932. 

}one bottle of cream; 

Universal Cooler 
Issues Manual 

DETROIT—Universal Cooler Corp. 
here has just issued a new 56-page sales 
manual for use by its distributors, deal- 

ers, and salesmen of both household 
and commercial refrigeration equip- 

This manual differs from the conven- 
tional sales instruction book in that it 
concerns itself almost entirely with 
teaching Universal men what they are 
selling, rather than how to sell it. 

Only on one page, that labelled “sug- 
gestions for the distributor,” is the sub- 
ject of actual selling mentioned. Here 
it is suggested that distributors handle 
companion merchandise to bolster in- 
come from refrigeration sales during 
off-season periods. 

This page of concentrated sales in- 
struction also recommends that dis- 
tributors “use users’ in getting pros- 
pects, that they handle commercial 
equipment, that they establish a good 
service department. 

Remainder of the book is given over 
to detailed discussions of refrigeration 
theory, methyl] chloride as a refrigerant, 
various parts:used in construction of 
Universal units, and finally, the various 
lines of equipment produced. 

Complete specifications are given for 
each Universal unit, and in many in- 
stances, the units are illustrated. Nu- 
merous charts and drawings are used 
throughout the book, in addition to the 


(Concluded from Page 1, Column 1) 

painting from W. J. Daily, manager of 
the sales promotion division. 

A second oil painting will be pre- 
sented to J. A. Jardine, Gentsch & 
Thompson, Inc., Boston, by A. M. 
Sweeney, manager of the production 
and distribution division. 

George Pierce, also of Gentsch & 

Thompson, Inc., Boston, will receive a 
loving cup from Walter Landmesser, 
manager of the commercial division. 
Landmesser also donated an achieve- 
ment scroll to H. A. Dineger, A. Wayne 
Merriam, Inc., Schenectady, N. Y. 

Monitor Top desk sets will be the 
prizes given to John Ecclestone, Frank 
W. Wolf, Inc., Buffalo, by M. F. Mahony, 
merchandising division manager; Mau- 
rice E. Pipkin, Rex Cole, Inc., New 
York City, by A. A. Uhalt, manager of 
the dealer division; and Allan Judge, P. 
H. Harrison & Co., Newark, by Land- 


DETROIT—In order to acquaint « 
tributors with its advertising and s 
ing program for 1933, Kelvinator Co , 
has been holding open house dur 
November and December. 

Many of those coming to Kelvina 
headquarters were new  distribut: 
meeting home office officials for the fi 
time, and getting their first view of : 
Kelvinator factory, states George 
Mason, president and general manag 

7 Distributors at Plant 

Among those who visited Kelvina: ; 
plant during November were the foll 

R. U. Lynch, Post Lester, Providence, 
I.; H. E. Sorenson, H. E. Sorenson Co., | 
Moines, Iowa; H. L. North, North Lum 
Co., Kalamazoo, Mich.; W. D. Rowlands 
K. D. Halleck, Kelvinator Rowlands ( 

R. Rosen, Raymond Rosen Co., Phila: 
phia; Frank Fenn, Meachem Fenn, I: 

Syracuse, N. Y.; R. J. Swann, Isaac Wal! 
Hardware Co., Peoria, Ill.; E. L. Sm 
Albany Garage Co., Albany, N. Y.; 3} 
Woodmansee, Richards Conover Co., K 
sas City, Mo. 

H. W. Falls and R. R. Lancaster a 
of Richards Conover Co., Kansas City, M 
Ernest Hagenlocher and Frank Hagenloch: 
Briggs-Hagenlocher, Erie, Pa.; E. W. Hei: 
and Mr. Early, Central Hardware & Fact: 
Supply, Akron, Ohio; John Van Benschot 
and Harvey Wood, John Van Benschot: 
Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

Wm. Polster and R. C. Houck, Witt: 
Hardware Co., St. Louis; Mr. Hinsha 
Pearson Piano Co., Indianapolis; Cros!\y 
Clark, Kelvinator-Flint, Inc., Flint, Mic! 
M. S. Garlock, Garlock Sales Co., Lansi: 
Mich.; and Mr. Julian and Mr. Siese, Gra 
bar Electric Co., Cleveland. 

December Visitors 

Distributors at Kelvinator during th: 
week of Dec. 5 were as follows: 

F. C. Rackliffe, Rackliffe Bros. Co., New 
Britain, Conn.; W. E. Bodart, Morley Mu 
phy Co., Green Bay, Wis.; Mr. Stiles ani 
C. E. Willert, Morley Murphy Co., Milwauke: 

L. E. Cox, Ozark Motor & Supply, Sprins 
field, Mo.; N. S. Tobey, Mr. Johnson anid 
Mr. McMillan, Barber & Ross, Washingt: 
D. C.; A. D. Barber, Graybar Elect: 

L. C. Wiswell, L. C. Wiswell Co., Chicag 
Mueller Lumber Co., Davenport, Iow 
Harry Spector, Williamsport Auto Parts C 
Williamsport, Pa.; Mr. Buehler and M: 
Sharp, Graybar Electric Co., Minneapolis 
H. W. Weyhenmeyer, Jere Woodring & C 
Hazelton, Pa. 

D. T. Lansing, D. T. Lansing Co., Scran- 
ton, Pa.; N. T. Ronan, Tri-State Electri 
Sioux Falls, S. D.; E. G. Carpenter, Ke 
vinator Careva Co., York, Pa.; Geo. M. Bo} 
man, Kelvinator Bohman Co., Hagerstow: 
Md.; and Harry Landis, Jr., Landis Electr 

District managers visiting the factory 
were: J. C. Burton, H. A. Dahl, S. R. Kem; 
W. C. Stephenson, and C. R. Brogan. 

Letters from Readers 

What a Family Keeps 
In the Refrigerator 

General Electric Co. 

Electric Refrigeration Department 

Hanna Building, Cleveland 
Dec. 5, 1932. 

Sometime ago you asked me if we had 
any information as to the amount of 
food the average family would keep in 
their refrigerator. I am sorry that we 
have delayed this, but I am giving you 
what information I have which is taken 
from several refrigerator owners that 
use a 6-cu. ft. refrigerator. 

The three families noted all had: 
from two to three quarts of milk and 
two water bottles 
filled; from one half to one dozen eggs; 
one quart stewed fruit, either prunes 
or peaches; from one half to one pound 
cheese; one to two pounds butter; one 
vegetable pan filled with cucumbers, 
lettuce, etc.; catsup, Crisco, Mayonnaise, 
sauce, French dressing, sandwich 
spread, horseradish, gingerale, grape 
fruit, and several small dabs of left- 
over fruits and vegetables; from two to 
three pounds of meat. 

These were taken with families of five 
where there were children. 

The survey was taken Monday follow- 
ing Saturday’s shopping. 

I believe this is quite typical of most 
any family you would call on today. 

EpwIna NOLAN, 


Home service director. 

Australian Market 
7 Killicoat St. 
North Unley—Adelaide 
S. Australia 
Sept. 29, 1932. 

The News is now widely read in the 
refrigeration concerns throughout Aus- 
tralia, and is referred to as the only 
trade paper in the business. 

Manufacturers of domestic and com- 
mercial machines are still potent buy- 
ers of many machine components, and 
raw materials, such as thermostatic con- 
trols, expansion valves, syphon bellows, 
seal-ring metals, drop forged valves, and 
service tools. 

Again there is a good field awaiting 
the suppliers of replacement parts of 
well-known makes. 




| danger 

hundreds of worn parts per year—con 
pressor parts, gaskets, needle valve 
seats, controls, etc. 

Hereunder are the names and a2: 
dresses of at least three active servi: 
concerns in Sydney who are buyers fi 
replacement parts and refrigerants. 

McGregor & May (Ref. Eng.), 1 
Parker St., Sydney, Australia. 

Refrigerator & Radio Service C 
Crowle House, York St., Sydney, Au 

Incependent Service Co., 36 Sir Joh 
Young Crescent, East Sydney, Australi 

K. E. McCuiur 

Everybody Happy 
A. A. Schneiderhahn Co. 
214 Third St., Des Moines, Iowa 
Dec. 2, 1932 

The writer has been instructed to a 
vise you that the correspondence whic 
we have had with leading manufa 
turers in the matter of “no name” < 
“stencil” refrigerators apparent! 
bringing the results desired. 

Practically all of the manufacture: 
have agreed not to distribute these “n 
name” refrigerators in territories whe: 
the distributor is opposed to the plan 

Since the distributing members of o1 
association are all opposed to the pla! 
of the market demoralizati 
which we had visualized in this ter: 
is eliminated. 

Chairman, Des Moines Electr 
Refrigeration Distributors Burea' 



Lively Source 
305 W. Railroad St., Urbana, III. 
Nov. 19, 1932. 

The News is a lively 
mation not only to me, 
fellow workers at the local Frigidai! 
dealership. I have been employed in th 
sales work of Frigidaire since June « 

source of infor 
but also to m 


Kind Words Dept. 

“When you raised your subscriptio: 

| rate I decided to quit the News, but fin 

Numerous service companies in Syd- | 
ney alone find it necessary to replace | Bloomington, IIl. 

that it’s hard to do. You can enter m: 
as a subscriber again, sending me bac} 
copies starting with Oct. 1 and send m: 
bill."—M. E. Ticen, 106 Warner Ave 

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Luamo the recent Kelvinator Derby, many 
Kelvinator dealers and salesmen made sales history. New, all-time 

records were established. New names and faces took the spotlight. 

And basked in the glory of a good job well done. « * One of the 

outstanding performances of the entire Derby was the spectacular feat of Mrs. Sidrow, 
wife of Mr. N. Sidrow, Kelvinator dealer in Grafton, West Virginia. * * Helping her 
husband during her spare time, Mrs. Sidrow, im a town of only 8,000 people, sold 12 
Kelvinators—a sales record which reflects credit to the sales ability of Mrs. Sidrow— 
ind to the salability of Kelvinator. * * It is a pleasure to send you our heartiest con- 
cratulations, Mrs. Sidrow. The whole organization is proud of your achievement be- 
cause it shows unmistakably the sales and profit possibilities of the Kelvinator line. 
» *» KELVINATOR CORPORATION, 14245 Plymouth Road, Detroit, Michigan. 

: [Kelvinator of Canada, Ltd., London, Ontario. Kelvinator Limited, London, England. 

| ._Kelvinaton_ 

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Le Roi Est Mort; 
Vive le Roi! 

GLEN MUFFLY now has one less 
title. Pleased will be proof readers and 
linotype operators, for the disappend- 
agement of this one title makes it pos- 
sible for Mr. Muffly and his Kinggeorge- 

like nomenclature to be listed in a 
single decent-sized paragraph. 
It can be said without fear of con- 

tradiction, however (as those four-year 
locusts, the political campaign speakers, 
would put it), that practically nobody 
else is glad Mr. Muffiy’s term as presi- 
dent of the American Society of Refrig- 
erating Engineers has expired. Not 
even A. W. OAKLEY, his successor. 

Few engineers in the entire refriger- 
ating industry are so highly respected 
as Glen Muffly. Few presidents of any 
technical society have held their posts 
with such credit and authority and 
unity of feeling. Schisms have been 
conspicuously absent; accord and har- 
mony have been in the ascendant. 

He now joins GEORGE BRIGHT, 
and other distinguished engineering au- 
thorities in the A.S.R.E. Ex-Presidents’ 

Mr. Muffly was the first repre- 
sentative of the “small machine 
division” (unofficial) of refrigera- 
tion engineers to attain the position 
he has just vacated. He used to be 
Copeland’s chief engineer, and is 
still consulting engineer for that 

Most of his time is now occupied 
with his labors in behalf of the re- 
frigeration division of Nema. 

Jack Schaefer and the Valve were 
with Mr. Muffly on his last night as 
A.S.R.E. president. Lounging com- 
fortably on a hotel bed, puffing 
gently on one of his inevitable mid- 
get cigars, he grew reminiscent. 

we'd like 

Out of the mass of 
things he said that night, 
to cull this aphorism: 

“Two things count in a patent 
suit: how much the patentee knows 
about patents (and especially about 
his patent and its relation to others 
in the same category), and how 
much money there is backing him.” 

The new president, A. W. OAKLEY, 
is vice president of the Merchants Re- 
frigerator Corp. of New York City, 
which is a strong commercial refrigera- 
tion concern. 
in central station refrigeration (piping 
refrigeration to customers in a business 
district, just as one would pipe heat). 

Mr. Oakley is an expert on cold stor- 
age. He’s an expert on a lot of other 
things, and a close student of such new 
developments as air conditioning. 

The refrigeration industry, he says, 
has made more rapid strides forward 
during the last five years than in any 
previous decade of its history. Its real 
growth began in 1918, he believes. To- 
day it is almost outrunning itself. We 
haven't begun even to see all the possi- 
bilities of the art and science of cooling. 

on any 

Tall, handsome, taciturn, poised, 
Oakley looks the part of a 
Talk with him for 15 minutes 
refrigeration subject, and you'll 

stand why he is one 

Industrial Sales Offices: 

New York, 3107 Chania Bidg; 
Detroit, 320 Stephenson Bldg. 
Soe ae < ~~ * 

ity had a great time at the sessions. 

Remembering the merciless cross- 
examination GEORGE BRIGHT had) 
|given his paper at the Kansas City 
(1931) convention, Mr. Carraway in 
|turn had some questions to ask when 
iMr. Bright finished his discussion of 
| comfort cooling with ice 

Proud indeed is Mr. Carraway of re- 
cent large air-conditioning installations 

It was one of the pioneers | 

| was 


By George F. Taubeneck 

POP—A Salesman Overcome With His Own Argument. 




Old | F viends 

At the A.S.R.E. convention in New 
York City last week (see Engineering 
Section of this issue for complete re- 
port of the proceedings and papers 
read) we shook hands and traded jubil- 
ant backslaps with a number of old 

T. W. CARRAWAY of Grinnell Co., 
Providence, R. I., for instance. We 
hadn’t seen him in months. As tall and 

engaging as ever, the human skyscraper 
of the refrigeration engineering fratern- 

which he has helped supervise. Of those, 
more later. 
facturer, and 
per cent vertical 
another engineet 
some months. 

LARKIN, inventor, manu- 
salesman of Larkin 100 
surface finned coils, 
we hadn't seen 

He had driven up from Atlanta with 

Mrs. Larkin, and looked to be in the 
| pink. Didn’t have a lot to say, but was 
| plugging his new controls for ammonia 
That Man from the South, C. T 
3AKER, was present with his famous 
smile, line of soft-spoken blarney, gentle 

and winning manners, and everything. 

So was his buddy, amiable, analytical 

O. J. WILLOUGHBY of Refrigeration, 
southern ice paper. These two southern 
gentlemen are as asset to any party 

and to any convention. (Further par 

ticulars on receipt of 10 cents in stamps 
providing we like you well enough.) 

GEORGE BRIGHT, who is one of 
our favorite individuals, made his ump 
teenth talk this year on comfort cooling 
with ice, which talk was accompanied 
by his customary formidable phalanx 
of slide-projector charts and graphs 

George, who comes as near running 
the A.S.R.E. as anybody, is the only 
man we know who seems to have the 
complete confidence of both the ice in- 
terests and the “small machine” group 
The whole industry likes and respects 

University of Lllinois mechanical engi 
neering department read a paper which 
perhaps caused as much lobby and hall 
discussion as any other subject—with 
the conspicuous exception of Bill 
Grunow’s new refrigerator 

It hasn't been a great number of 
years since the Valve was enrolled at 
the educational institution for which 
Prof. Macintire conducts classes; yet 
we had never met him until the above- 
mentioned Mr. Willoughby ‘of Atlanta, 
introduced us. (Outside of the football 
coaching staff and the disciplinarians in 
the dean's office, our faculty contacts 
weren't exactly numerous) 

Asked Prof. Macintire 

‘What part of the South do you 
come from?” 

Our answel! 

“Southern Illinois, suh.” 

Which reminds us that J. H. H. Voss 
(Voss valves) has been all over Europe 

and has tasted practically 
of wine, beer, and strong- 

and America, 
every variety 




Reprinted from The 
that the two continents 
a native European, likes 
best of all. Amen, 

Yet he, 


Mr. Voss designed the De la 
high-speed compressors. Another 
those “they said it couldn’t be 

Other old friends we hadn’t seen for 
some months included ALVIN H. 
BAER, who recently left his longtime 
job as Frick’s sales manager to become 
vice president in charge of sales for 
Carbondale; D. P. HEATH, the Detroit 
evaporator patentee and the man who 

one of 

did much to get Crosley’s electric re- 
frigerator ready for production; A. R. 
| STEVENSON of General Electric; “Z” 

ZAROTSCHENZEFY?Y, the quick-freez- 
ing system inventor; URBAN ZIMMER- 
MAN of Voss; DAVE FISKE and 
HELEN PEFFER of A.S.R.E. head- 
quarters; E. T. WILLIAMS of Servel; 
VIRGIL JORDAN, McGraw-Hill econ- 
omist who resembles Sidney Toler of 

the talkies; and W. J. KING and R. W. 
AYRES of General Electric 

L. A. PHILIPP of Kelvinator, as 
usual, put us in a hole. After collecting 
the material for the long story on the 
new Grunow refrigerator which you 
read in the Dec. 7 issue of the News, 
we thought we knew something about 
it. But almost every question Mr. 
Philipp asked us was one we couldn't 

There’s scarcely a type of unit or de- 
vice now known to refrigeration science 
that Mr. Philipp hasn't experimented 
with at one time or another. He can 
tell you a lot about the “outs”—and the 
good points—-to any system or part 

Most picturesque of the conven 
tioneers was bearded CARL ZORZI of 
Milan, Italy, who has brought a sealed 
unit over to exhibit to interested Amer 

At first glance, one might guess that 
he had come across the pond to become 
director of an American symphony o1 
chestra, or to lecture on the fifth (as 
suming that one such will be found 
some day) dimension 
Crosby Field 

CROSBY FIELD, president of Flak 
ice New York City, was anothe1 
prominent attendant at the sessions 
Mr. Field was interviewed not long ago 
on his opinions concerning American 
business, and the interview was pub 
lished in the November Limerica) 

Mr. Field contends in this interview 
that America is getting a new slant on 
business, a new respect for small busi 
ness institutions. America is losing its 
craze over size. It is beginning to recog 
nize that the little fellow may be a 
pioneer, not a dud 

“We almost lost the use of all figures 
between zero and a million,” he says 
“We didn’t care how ugly a building 
was so long as it was big. If an engi 
neering genius had produced an auto 
motor the size of a tomato can with 
the power of a hundred horses, he 
couldn't have sold it unless he con 
cealed its smallness under a big hood.’ 

Twice in his life (he is now a middle 
aged man), Mr. Field has left important 
positions in large corporations to start 

afresh in small companies 

A small business offers opportunity of 
use of initiative and leadership, he says 
It enlarges a man’s interests, sharpens 

his judgment, compels attention to every 

| great 

|department of the business—it broad-|to dealers, the Norge-Nestor Co. has - |; 


ens him. 

“And I believe, too,” Mr. Field adds, 
“that in most lines of trade the 
small business offers a better opportun- 
ity for efficiency in management and 

This man recognizes that big business | 
concerns have their place in the sun, 
but says that 
business will do well, 

as a general rule, 

| to remain in its own domain.” 

|chance today for the intelligent, 

| himself 

| different kind of store. 

| neighborhood, 

He sums up his argument with these 
words: “Small business 
trious business man to find a place for 
as his own master.” 

His advice is: “Be a pioneer. 
portunity for pioneering in business 
everywhere. You can pioneer with a 
better kind of hot dog stand or a better 
kind of packaged ice cream. 


“A distinguishing characteristic of all 
pioneering is that it is unique. In other 
words, it has what I call ‘uniquity.’ Let 
me explain it: 

“One man 


opens a grocery store 
Another opens one in the 
and succeeds. 
opens ‘just another grocery 
man who succeeds opens a 






insists that every man, re- 
the size of his business, 

“probably each type of | 

offers the best | 

The op- | 

that it is introducing “a new shuffle, aq 
a new deal.” 
** «© 
Successful Calamity 
Story of a Norge milk test which © as 
|so successful it had to be stopped cor eg 
|from W. D. Hostetler, sales manage: of 
‘the Sunset Electric Co. of Port! 1 
Ore., Norge distributor, in a letter to a 
Jim Sterling, hard-driving Norge s: !es 
| promotion manager. A 
The letter says in part: 
“Talk about a milk test! We are > is 
about at the end of our milk test star eq 
here in the Edwards Furniture C.\'s 
| window. W 
“It has run 75 days today, and st ht 
between us, we are really having to li 
turn the Norge off so that the milk = 
will finally sour and give our dealer jis Ab 
window back. We will have publicity in A 
the Sunday Oregonian and will send » oy be 
copies. Pe 
“Couple the milk test our promot on Wr 
with the Golden West Coffee Co. broad 
casts covering Oregon and Washington PI 
and you will see that we are keeping —_———— 
| Norge ‘hot’ here in the Northwest, even 

The man/though the weather 

must find a reason for being in business, | 

of and use 

must constantly conceive 
new ideas to keep his 
ahead of the field. 

“A man doesn’t have to 
to do these things,” he says. 
has to have what may be 
seeing eye. This, after all, 
using the eyes God gave you.” 

be a genius 
“He merely 
called the 
is simply 
3y way of further defending, and en- 
couraging development of small busi- 
nesses, Mr. Field says this: 

“The smaller plant can, in a time of 
trouble, ‘turn ‘round on a dime’ and 
adapt itself to changed conditions. The 
big one often has to be laboriously 
warped around like a huge ocean liner 
changing docks. 

“Moreover, prosperity always returns 
from the development of new ideas, new 
products, new enterprises. These very 
often start in small plants. And there 
never was such an opportunity for that 
as now. 
“Countless new industries lie sleeping 
in the womb of the immediate future, 
waiting for the bright young men—not 
geniuses, not brilliant engineers, 
not epochal leaders, but just bright 
young men with seeing eyes—who will 
find the unoccupied corners of indus- 
try—the free lands—and stake out their 

A New Deal 

Three Norge refrigerator 


merchandise — electric bridge 
tables—to bolster income from refriger- 
ator sales, we learn from John Drake 
of Norge Corp.’s sales department. 

The distributors are the Norge-Nestor 
Co. of Jacksonville, Fla.; Gambill Dis- 
tributing Co. of Nashville, Tenn.; and 
Ludwig Hommel & Co., Pittsburgh. 

Electric card tables are being manu- 
factured by the Hammond Clock Co. of 
Chicago. Standard model 4-H (for alter- 
nating current) lists at $25. DeLuxe 
model 5-H lists for $40. These are prices 
announced in Pittsburgh, but are, Drake 
thinks, national prices 

Here's the 

After each hand, one of the players 
slips the deck into a shuffle-box on the 
of the table. Meanwhile, each play- 
takes from the pocket in front of 
him a hand which has been already 
shuffled and dealt from another deck, 
while the preceding hand was being 

This process repeated long 
the players care to pursue grand slams 
The table itself, regulation § size, is 
finished in walnut, and has legs strong 
enough withstand the weight of 

chronic leaners 

how new table works 



as as 



ts announcement of the new line 


i Hi 
Hl Hi 
iit if 

i Hi) wi 

~ ‘ihe 

| modern 

what he 

has turned prett 

* * 

‘How C. F. Mettuving 

Ferrets Ideas 
Small wonder that Charles F. Ketter 
ing, General Motors vice 
charge of research, knows what’s doin 
everywhere in the field of science. In 
recent column, B. C. Forbes, busin: 
editor, tells how Mr. Kettering kee; 
up with the times. Here’s how: 
““Boss Ket’—-otherwise Charles 
Kettering, General Motors 
wizard—keeps 40 experts busy 
ing every book and periodical, 
languages, likely to 
any new ideas, any new knowledge, 


president in 

me 7S 


in il] 


new wrinkle along mechanical or othe: 

scientific lines related in any way to th: 
engineering, metallurgical, or 
lines in which he is interested. 
“His readers have 
already knows 
attention only such things as they 
lieve to be original. Sometimes 
be asked to read only six sentences in 
heavy tome. Often a thesis in a techni 

a good idea 


cal journal can be boiled down to a few 

|dozen words. 

. | troit, 
taken on a brand new line of com- | 




‘‘Ket’ early made a fortune by 
fertility of his brain. 


and draw to his 

he wil! 


A miniature elec- 

tricity producing plant, one of his early 

inventions, proved a gold mine. 
“Although now 56, he is as ent! 
siastically active as the most inquisit 
schoolboy. He is perpetually searchi 
for something new, something bett 
than yet produced by the human brai! 

“It takes a big building, located next 

to the General Motors building in | 
to house the vast laborator 
under Kettering’s stimulating, resour: 
ful leadership.” 

Speakeasy Trick 

A Chicago speakeasy which occupi 

considerable one-flight-up space in 
building which hides behind the Mé 

chandise Mart (world’s largest building 

including Dry-Zero offices) has a new 
use for an electric refrigerator. 

Here it is used as the door to t 
inner sanctum! 

One walks up the flight of stairs : 
comes upon a lunchroom, of the stic 

vin ordinaire variety. Present your c: 

to the right waiter, and mayhap yo 
be admitted to the inner sanctum wl 
is the speakeasy proper 

Entrance is gained through a la 
(14 cu. ft.) electric refrigerator cabir 
which juts out from the north wall 
the lunchroom. The waiter presses 
button, and the whole refrigera' 
swings out from the wall like a dé 

Then you walk into the barroom, a 


name of an Indian! 


On this 
more like 

refrigerator is a Majes 
but the box looks mu 

a 1928 Frigidaire 




nun Vi iAH 



IF fascics Beapeieun do cos toch ot the cayncctaanbavwsen the sate deo toon tngroved 
joint developed by McCord for this application. A special frost proof flare-nut is used. 
The McCord flared couplers are a tube flared and sheathed in a seamless cup 

and sealed outside and inside with an integral lead gasket. 






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é ’ 
y B States U ER IDEA PAYMENT IN ADVANCE is required 
for advertising in this column. The 
_. ° 7 ° . Paiaiay following rates apply: 
Manufacturers Specializing in Service Fo by states for October, 1983, as re,| PITTSBUR RGH—A Christmas sales| POSITIONS WANTED—Fifty words 
id Tl |ported by Refrigeration Division of Na-|Plan, an adoption of the “Use Your |] or less, one insertion $2.00, additional 
7 to the Ref geration Industry , tional Electrical Manufacturers Association. | User’ idea has been put into effect by sr ee yey — bag ven 
PECIAL ADVERTISING RATE (this column only)—$12.00 per space. Member companies: Copeland, Crosley, | Whitehill & Danforth, Inc., Westing-|| [005 PUT omuen CLAGSIPICA Troe 
S ! TE ( umn only)—$12.00 per space Frigidaire, General Electric, Gibson, Grigs-|house distributor here ® |] each. ALL OTHER CLASSIFICATIONS 
Payment is required monthly in advance to obtain this special low rate. by-Grunow, Kelvinator, Norge, Servel, Tru-| | wr Danfortt ial i. 4 —Fifty words or less, one insertion 
~ ° ° > ° . ° ’ ; a Rs gae digs é orth, resident, ¢ as iti 
Minimum Contract for this column—13 insertions in consecutive issues. par, Universal Cooler, and Westinghouse. : ae 2 lace a cage Mice $3.00, additional words six cents each. 
‘ : ‘ ; Statinties for Crosley and Gibson ot in- | Ee khart, sales manager, of the distribu- |] Three insertions $8.00, additional words 
4s All advertisements set in uniform style of type with standard border. > Og ae 2 aieies torship, are responsible for the plan|] sixteen cents each. 
res Halftone engravings of 100-line screen, either outline or square finish. Quantity of \Which works as follows: a hag to advertisements with box 
2) of , ‘i ‘ N : rr STATES and HOUSEHOLD) All Westinghouse refrigerator owners numbers should be addressed to the 
ee 1 No reverse cuts or heavy black effects. No charge for composition. | Territories ____Low Sides | jn the territory are sent cards with re-|| 0X number in care of Electric Refrig- 
r to = === : Connecticut ibe ae pads bane ; 287 turn addresses and blank space on poem News, 550 Maccabees Building, 
Si1€8 pad “ASE lll ae ee aU ie aS 1.437 which can be written the names and ee ae 
A NEW FIN Coll i New Hampshire Saws ‘ 129 addresses of friends or prospects. 
Rhode Island -ssseeeee+ 239! The owner simply lists the names of POSITION AVAILABLE 

€ ont ° : ° 130 . i e 
New ‘England Total '* g496 | friends who have seen his refrigerator, | 

3S pyre ;g|0r of other persons who he may have | REFRIGERATION SALES ENGINEER 


S |Maryland & D. C. ... ....... 1,059 | reason to believe will be good prospects | bn 8g i caged Territory. fg 
: " | Maw sreey ‘ P : 939 : s Debuts  semitnl donee . is ” oO avel dealer organization 
: Wedge-locked and edge-locked aluminum fins on be gunner She dats ae O38 for an electric refrigerator. jin automatic refrigeration for <anaineesial 
oe tinned copper tubing for methyl chloride, sulphur Pennsylvania ....... SUEEIIIND esa] When the = fills in the card and jand milk conditioning application. Must 
APs dioxide, F-12, ete.—aluminum tubing for ammonia. | Eastern Total es ; .... 13,869 returns it to Whitehill & Danforth Co.,|know refrigeration and have large sales 
milk Absolute Metal to Metal Contact. Kentucky : ibs he is a member of the Owners’ Club. | experience. Salary and expenses with bonus. 
I is 4 _ Ohio i - > os ‘ i ‘ : 912 A $5 cas awar % ~ ice . Box 529 
by it A Superior Coil in which Soldered Return Bends have | West Virginia ...... See Sas 115 ot - paths toed no : bs — 
api been eliminated. East Central Total __ 1,158 ; ite gia gh ced 
sa laa Priced to meet 1932 condition Alabama . : : 7, \ often runs over $9, is given to a mem- nthntainiateed — 
sinus Writ Wire f Catal : Florida 348 | ber of the Owners’ Club who suggests| FIELD representative, Eastern territory, 
ytion rite—Wire for Catalog. oe. se yo a prospect by Dec. 31, who in turn, buys | preferably with progressive refrigerator 
»ad : t ‘ : ll] South Carolin: gg | and has a Westinghouse refrigerator in- unter manufacturer or as commercial re- 
ton PEERL ESS ICE M ACHINE € CO., 515 W. 35th St., Chicago, Ill. ae . 154 | stalled before Feb. 28, 1933. frigeration supervisor Public Utility. Well 
Ping SSS == = Virginia , 237 If the owner suggests the name of | Yersed in all phases of electric refrigeration, 
even yaaa Total rel two prospects who buy Westinghouse res ao and we promotion. nl 
retty + . + j inois eae (SOT | wsettedconine Fe 4 a eae ee . po_|ehees from former employers as to ability, 
: =e The PEERLESS THERMAL Indiana .... aoa ; 211 refrigerators be fore February, he re- integrity and character can be furnished 
EXPANSION VALVE | Michigan . . A n . ; 708 | celves his choice of a $10 cash award, Box 528. F 
i |} | Wisconsin. cvves 211|/or a selection of cne of a group of | - ee. 
(Pat. No. 1870090, Others Pending) | Sinn Lakes Total : mh | higher priced electrical appliances. FRANCHISE OPEN 
For use with Methyl Chloride | North S Dakota tee : Baas “38 If he rounds | up three prospects, he REFRIGERATOR DEALERS c: ae 
and Sulphur Dioxi le ]| South Dakota a 16 |may receive $15 in cash, or his choice | jhei. contacts + fag ae can cash in = 
tter é Suliphu Ox || North Central Total . 247 of a Westinghouse duster cleaner, retail | ;,, los pengge ay saan = A ene — oe 
2 puciasiasienits — * o ‘ - b se *, SLOKerS, 3 é -] 3 
t in The perfect thermostatic valve. The con- a Racer sreeesecese eases « oeee iis price $18.95; a Westinghouse food mixer, | highest developed, ” incon silane. joer 
ay trol always resides in the bulb due to the coat ‘Sees toe tennis 288 retail price $18.95; or a china urn set, | priced automatic stoker on the market 
In a patented Peerless warming method. The ||| Nebraska 81 | retail price, $19.95. backed by 69 years heating equipment ex- 
iness PEERLESS will eliminate your expansion |Middle West Total ... 690 | jentengon Our complete manuals and data 
fr ae én 33 | | make selling easy. Write for territory avail- 
Seps valve troubles. California ; 816 | NEW FRIGIDAIRE DEALER IN | able “tad Gecher Aq entasaving to. 
List Price, $13.50. Write for bulletin. Nevada 20 }105 E. 68rd St., Chicago 
F t § eat Pacific Coast Total 869 LINCOLN, NEB., NAMED : : a : See 2S 
.reh PEERLESS ICE MACHINE CO., 515 W. 35th St., Chicago, I. | {'),, Oe aes | MISCELLANEOUS 
<a ci Mle Montana : 12! LINCOLN Neb.—R. M. Wolf, for the | ——————— — 
: all = : ; : Utah se 39| past seven years salesman and dealer anne Lt SIVE SALES REPRESENTA- 
Pers Completely assembled and individu- ||) Washington 66 | supervisor for Frigidaire Sales Corp.,| gejq gp Paces ae oe os ag Spring- 
ne ally bagged. Ready for shipment in || Northwestern Total 191/has been appointed exclusive Frigid-|Wastern cities to tale conte tenet 
. * P ri : 2 = | mas s ( se t 8) te » 
the your refrigerator. W rite for com- |] Colo1 ado . } of aire dealer for this city and county, do-| commercial and household Refrigeration and 
th plete list of standard sizes and prices. Wyoming 6 ing business under the name “Electric | Oil Burner Parts and Supplies. Good op- 
nical : Rocky Mountain Total 113 | Refrigeration Co.” | portunity for active firms or individuals 
Arkansas ; 19 Wolf has opened a new display room | With knowledge of this trade. Box 526. 
9 al pee oe mel Ba at 1546 O St., bringing to the new loca- ee Farnam 
) p\ SSISSIPp 0 : 
Pres | a mI 94 | tion practically all the sales and office 3 COMMERCIAL ORDERS 
hi ] | Texas ; 182| force previously connected with the 
||| Southwestern Total 437 | Frigidaire business at a former location. 
| Ser gees oe nie SECURED BY REX COLE, INC. 
in a Total Canada 186 
+hni ||| Other. Foreign (Including = MAYFLOWER EQUIPMENT IS 
vem jj| _U. S. Possessions) 3,199 | NEW YORK CITY—Three important 
| Total fo for World ... ; .. 26,980 INSTALLED IN FRATERNITY orders have been secured by the com- 
7 ; mercial department, Rex Cole, Ine., 
We | CLEVELAND DISTRIBUTOR. ITHACA, N. Y.Driscoll Brothers & |General Electric distributor here, ac- 
ali — Ne —————————— } | Co., Inc., Mayflower commercial dealer, | cording to L. Howard Jenks, Jr., man- 

——_— — —— - ‘SHOWS KELVINATOR LINE recently completed the installation of | ager of the commercial department. 
| Ee refrigeration equipment in the Phi William Aronstein obtained an order 

ithu- . r > ‘ 

itive e will wan te for eal Kappa Psi fraternity house at Cornell|from the Department of Hospitals for 

hing ’ O CLEVELAND~—An “open house” university, nine General Electric refrigerators. 

= | period to introduce the 1933 line of Kel- hear gre ig naar 68-ft. all- ; Jesse J. May sold a P-134 to the Blue 

rail ry se > oe lvinator refrigerators was inaugurated porcelain cabinet o 1e overhead bunk- | Spr uce Lodge, Rye, N. Y., and William 
We are perfect y equipped for quantity produe- Dec. 12 in the showrooms of the Gray- | © type, using a Larkin coil, an ice-mak-| B. Grigsby procured a contract from 

oy : . . . "i Rag © iain ~.|ing unit, ¢ a No. 750 Mayflower air-|S ’s . Br , - an S- 

] tion of light or heavy mechanical parts or units. \||bar Electric Co., Kelvinator distributor pa a candle ‘ oe ee ae _ pansy ~~-jpeatne SERS, TOF OR SENS 

1 Precisio manufacture and rapid deliver !/in this area, and nine Kelvinator deal- dinning and an S-62. 

nN eon eran oan api SUVERy. ll | ers, according to G. F. Bertke, manager —— - ——-— caneuumumaneteen —— 

Unusually moderate charges. of Kelvinator department, Graybar Co. 
Not only are Graybar officials, G. N | 

di s, Siess, manager, and D. M. Julien, | 
In lan Motocycle Co. "Wdeid Mass” assistant manager, cooperating with 
Ipies Bertke and the dealers in the showing, 
n a Springfield, Massachusetts but also the advertising and sales pro 


mie ) : motion departments at the Kelvinator 
oo | : SS evil advertising in the three ceve-|| BY A LEADING MANUFACTURER 
of) REFRIGERATION SUPPLIES J brine that'there'is no need to wait unt || @ y 

ia ts ro the new ine oat oer Five factor y district 

. We carry a complete stock of Christmas delivery 
— —_ . ' — — _ As : adc ‘ ‘tio a gro f 
souvenirs is offered each person wh 
° , visits a Kelvinator showroom durin§ a “A 5 ] r @ Ss @ n a l V A 4 
h including : a A 
he open house \mong these are 
| “SUPERIOR” CARBON BRUSHES | ©oPies of recipes; the standard rating | 
A | BRUSHE scale, which shows the public what to This big, responsible manufacturer, already well established in the refrigera- 
<4 Suitable for all types of fractional H.P. motors look for in an electric refrigerator; tion field, wishes to strengthen its marketing organization. 
- : Great White Giants,” a booklet for 1 | hict ; aia 5 ; " 
oS | ’ we T “NN ‘ children, and other gifts t offers the advantage o 4 high grade proc uct) backes y a nationally 
at | MEL CHIOR, ARMSTRONG DESSAU Cc ). ae ties cPherson. a ember of advertised name, to each of five men who can capably represent it in’ the 
9 Mi Eva McPherson men : I I 
: | 116 Broad St., New York 523 Arch St., Philadelphia the home economics field staff of Kel- following territories: 
u ir 7 

Atlantic Coast States 

a = vinator Corp., will be on hand through 
: a peyre acne anecariag at stipulated TERRITORY NO. 

veriods in each showroom, where she ‘ 
D Yo 1 Wa ~ me ° y ‘ ? | tre ee ctitinin ts Yaltenenbion wnt TERRITORY NO. 2 Minn., Nebr., North Dakota, South Dakota 
- 0 \ nt 5o thing Else to Sell |] |cookery problems TERRITORY NO. 3 Texas, Okla. Ark., Miss. 

1u Home owners are increasingly conscious of the advantages of Mich.. Ind., Ohic. Ky., West Va., East p 
ich., Ind., Ohio, v5 es a., Eastern a 

clean, fresh air in kitchen, bath and other rooms of the house. WHEYLAND GETS $8,000 WORTH TERRITORY NO. 
There is a big market for MOTOVENT, the electric home venti- OF COMMERCIAL ORDERS TERRITORY NO. 

lator. Fits any window—easy to install—beautiful in appearance. 

Pacific Coast States 

To men of high calibre with the experience and ability necessary to take 
advantage of these opportunities, a salary and commission arrangement will 
be made that puts no limit on earnings. 

: 99 5 - . , MOBILE, Ala.-L. E. Wheyland, com 
Models to retail at 29.50 to 49.50. Attractive margins iemeadail oe, Ales of the Mobile eftée of 
to distributors and dealers. Write for full details. the Alabama Power Co., Kelvinator dis- 

tributor, sold $8,000 worth of commer-|]| The man to qualify for each territory must first of all have the experience, 
sie > Y > as vs) t ~ 
cial equipment in the last three month | the background and the ability to meet and to sign distributors. Next, he 
y . > a} , = > at 
Not content to allow his reputation | | he able to ce with the distributor in helping him secure 

must also co-operate 

_ FRED’K N. ROSS, Inc. 1010 Beaubien St., Detroit || °* a Be gars <r re pened = Paden . dealers. And third, he must have the experience to lay out a complete sales 
_ L |]; Wheyland recently clinched another and operating plan for a new distributor who may be entering the refrigeration 
, 0 SS — => sales argument and is now introducing field for the first time. 

BRING YOUR REFRIGERATION OTe eee Only men of proved ability who can offer vagy gg es from past cod iets 
DIRECTORY UP TO DATE: 4-CU. FT. COLDSPOT SELLS employers will be considered. Do not answer this advertisement — ae 

can measure up to the full scope of the position we have outlined 

FOR $79.50 CASH can— write, stating briefly but completely your qualifications and experience. 

THE NEW 120-PAGE SUPPLEMENT to the 1932 Refrigeration Naturally, all applications will be held in’ strietest confidence. Members of 
Directory and Market Data Book, hitherto available only as a CHICAGO—A new low price of $79.50 this organization know about this advertivement 
part of the Directory, can now be purchased SEPARATELY. cash for a 4-cu. ft. Coldspot electric re- 
It contains an analysis of current distributional trends: detailed frigerator was recently advertised by 
ifi i 25 Sears, Roebuck & Co. New low terms Address Box 527 

specifications of 354 household models of 48 manufacturers; a 
month-by-month tabulation of sales during 1932; an air-condition- of $6 down and $7 monthly payment 

. . P aa ikewise ar ertisec or » se > 

ing directory; ete. Bound in green paper. 24¢ per copy. Payment were likew advertised for the ame 

in st acceptable. Write: ; ; model, the sales price with deferred 

In stamps acceptable. rite: payment being omitted, however 
4 4 . . . oe , ¢ e > oO porcels é ac- i ; 

, H. Business News Publishing Co., 550 Maccabees Bldg., Detroit sie eens Bases hall ; sng wet ; ra 550 Maccabees Bldg. Detroit, Mich. 

( > gerators ¢ e pee eC er 
—— —— ——_ — price,” further states the advertisement 

: ioe are Ne, oi. b ree Tei ae PEAS Aare EROS: Sen etarnt wate 
Pevriee ae ee soe MAS i cs ae cae Bat ait ota ae a b % a pea 5 ns We 
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(Concluded from Page 1, Column 3) 

operations during 1932 have been re- 
sponsible, so far, for approximately 35 
per cent of the range business. 

Grove also discussed the promotional 
activity now being done for the electric 
range by the National Electric Cookery 

Other speakers on the two-day pro- 
gram included R. C. Shaw, K. R. Davis, 
E. H. Norling, J. T. Dickson, all of the 
refrigeration’s sales promotion division; 
A. M. Sweeney, manager of the produc- 
tion and distribution division; Walter 
Landmesser, manager of the commer- 
cial division; Miss Frances Weedman, 
home economics director for Edison 
General Electric Appliance Co., Inc., 
Miss Edwina Nolan, refrigeration de- 
partment home service director. 

A. L. Scaife, Jean DeJen, M. D. Grow, 
and R. C. Cameron, merchandising divi- 
sion; A. A. Uhalt, manager of the dealer 
division; and Lorin Smith, Jr., director 
of the General Electric Kitchen Insti- 

The first day’s activities were con- 
cluded with a banquet in the Hermit 
Club of Cleveland at which Paul Dow, 
central district representative, acted as 
master of ceremonies. 

Sales promotion managers attending 
the convention and their respective dis- 
tributorships are as follows: 

R. A. Scholl, Judson C. Burns, Phila- 
delphia; Samuel Smith, Gould-Farmer, 
Inc., Syracuse, N. Y.; Leland Stacy, 
Modern Home Utilities, Inc., Water- 
bury, Conn. 

W. N. Hutchinson, N. K. Ovalle, Inc., 
Harrisburg, Pa.; E. F. Fyler, A. Wayne 
Merriam, Inc., Schenectady, N. Y.; 
Glenn Barteau, Clark Adams, Inc., At- 
lantic City, N. J.; Gordon Craig, Gent- 
sch & Thompson, Inc., Boston. 

D. P. Dinwoodie, Caswell, Inc., De- 
troit; H. N. Trumbull, Cushman Refrig- 
eration Co., Cleveland; E. H. Campbell, 
Rex Cole, Inc., New York City; Wilbur 
Jones, N. K. Ovalle, Inc., Harrisburg, 
Pa.; E. H. Langdon, LG.E., New York 

Richard Evans, Ochiltree Electric Co., 
Pittsburgh; Walter Mulett, Frank W. 
Wolf, Inc., Buffalo; L. Lee, Phil H. Har- 
rison, Newark; M. E. Brown, A. H. 
Thompson-Sterling Co., Louisville. 


(Concluded from Page 1, Column 4) 
Sylvia Fisher, Chicago; and Mrs. H. C. 
Thayer, Chicago. 

Owing to the merit of many of the 
replies, it was decided by the contest 
judges that the following should re- 
ceive a special prize of a year’s sub- 
scription to McCall’s magazine: 

Miss Wilma Zurwelle, Flushing, N. Y.; 
Mrs. C. E. McCartney, Fort Payne, Ala.; 
Miss Arintha Turner, Cape Charles, Va.; 
Miss Jeane Cisek, Bedford, Mass.; Miss 
Mary Keinhofer, Cumberland, Md.; Mrs. 
James H. Murphy, Denver; and Mrs. Sidney 
Wood Greensboro, N. C. 

Mrs. W. R. Collard, Canton, Ohio; Miss 
Josephine Nierman, Cumberland, Md.; Mrs. 
M. L. Cowan, Oklahoma City; Mrs. Verne 
Hiestand, Salungo, Pa.; Mrs. J. G. Holmes, 
Culloden, Ga.; Mrs. Carol Nichols, Mt 
Vernon, N. Y. 

Mrs. Wanda Bailey, South Belmar, N. J.; 
Mrs. A. H. Warne, Hagestown, Md.; Mrs 
Fontanbelle Wettergreen, Paterson, N. J.; 
Mrs. Anne E. Hoffman, Hollywood, Calif.; 
Mrs. John G. Mohr, Woodlynne, N. J.; Mrs. 
J. Cronhardt, Baltimore; Mrs. G. Dent, Bay 
City, Mich.; and Mrs. P. M. Haddox, Los 

In addition, every woman submitting 
a solution to the puzzle and letter re- 
ceived a year’s subscription to Kelvin 

Secretaries’ Prizes 

DETROIT—In recognition of out- 
standing promotional work in connec- 
tion with the current nation-wide Christ- 
mas selling campaign being conducted 
by Kelvinator Corp., contest secretaries 
of 20 Kelvinator distributors will re- 
ceive special awards from the factory, 
according to Vance Woodcox, advertis- 
ing and sales promotion manager. 

Secretaries who will receive awards 

Robert H. Giedd, Virginia Public Service 
Co., Alexandria, Va.; Catherine Bachtell 
Consolidated Gas, Electric Light & Power 
Co., Baltimore; Mildred Scott, Kelvinator 

Sales Corp., Boston; M. A. Hampton, Sulli- 
van Valve & Engineering Co., Butte, Mont.; 
W. R. Collard, People’s Globe Co., Canton, 

D. L. Cartland, Wiswell Co., Chicago; M 


How Can YOU Overcome It in 1933? 

- ©@ The refrigeration industry is showing two trends that definitely fore- 
cast its merchandising activity for next year. Dealers will have a 
choice of selling either 

1—The Cheapest refrigerator—not worth any price. 
2—A Demonstrably Superior refrigerator—thoroughly worth a 
fair price. 

@ The industry has already shown that cut breeds cut and that there is 
no bottom. No one make can long remain ‘‘cheapest.”’ The dealer 
who goes in for the price job can never be sure from week to week 
that he continues to have the cheapest. 

But the dealer who chooses a refrigerator with which he can demon- 
strate economical operation and dependable refrigeration will sell 
boxes in 1933 long after the cheap jack is through. 

« Name plates alone will not do. 

You must be sure that the maker you select and tie up to has the 
highest quality in the two essentials of a superior refrigerator—the 
complete machine unit and the insulation. The “cheap” job will 
always be deficient in either or both. And you can easily and con- 
vincingly demonstrate superiority over the cheap job right on the 
show room floor. 

* No matter what beliefs you may cherish about any refrigerator, it 
can never be permanently efficient without insulation that is both 
permanent and efficient. 

e That is why so many manufacturers of good refrigerators are willing 
to pay more for Dry-Zero insulation. And that is why more good 
refrigerators will be insulated with Dry-Zero in 1933 than ever be- 
fore. Any refrigerator will be more salable, more durable, more 
economical to operate with Dry-Zero as the insulation. Yet the 
additional material cost for Dry-Zero in a cabinet as compared to 
the cheapest temporary substitutes is but 3 to 6 cents per inside cubic 
foot of food capacity! 

W. Andresen, Mueller Lumber Co., Daven- | 

port, Iowa; Marvel Sailors, Public Service 
Co. of Colorado, Denver; Miss E. E. Laforge, 
Kelvinator-Flint, Flint, Mich.; Miss L. Joy- 

ner, Carolina-Kelvinator Co., Greenville, N. C. | 

A. H. Warne, Kelvinator-Bohman Co., 
Hagerstown, Md.; P. D. Sowell, 555, Inc., 
Little Rock, Ark.; N. J. Lipking, Kelvina- 
tor-Pacific Co., Los Angeles; R. C. MacCune, 

* If you will see the fallacy in “cheapness” and decide to demon- 
strate and sell quality in 1933, cutthroat competition will worry only 
the other fellow. 

Dry-Zero Corporation, Merchandise Mart, Chicago, Illinois. 
Canadian Office, 687 Broadview Avenue, Toronto. 

Graybar Electric Co., Minneapolis; Mildred | 

Stout, Isaac Walker Hardware Co., Peoria, 

Guy G. Smith, Powers Furniture Co., Port- 
land, Ore.; Glen Baylor, Thurman & Boone 
Roanoke, Va.; Viola Naef, Zion's Coopera 
tive Merchantile Institute, Salt Lake City 
Utah; E. A. Speer, Alabama Power Co., 
Birmingham, Ala.; S. S. Shaver, Northern 
States Power Co., Minneapolis. 

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Engineering Section 

Registered U. S. Patent Office 

The business newspaper of the refrigeration industry 




vou. 7, No. 15, SERIAL No. 195 

Copyright, 1932, by 
Business News Pub. Co. 


Entered as second-class matter 
Aug. 1, 1927, at Detroit, Mich. 



New Division Organized 
To Handle Railroad 


DAYTON, Dec. 14.—Entrance of 
Frigidaire Corp. into the railway equip- 
ment field was announced today with 
introduction of complete air-condition- 
ing equipment for sleeping cars, club 
and observation cars, diners, and day 

The new air-conditioning equipment, 
according to E. G. Biechler, president 
and general manager, is a joint develop- 
ment of General Motors’ research lab- 
oratories in Detroit and Frigidaire’s 
engineering division in Dayton. 

The railway air conditioners, Mr. 
Biechler said, represent 16 years of ex- 
perience in combatting high tempera- 
ture and humidity problems with me- 
chanical refrigeration. Test cars were 
operated in all sections of the country 
during the last summer season, he said, 
so that engineering data could be as- 

A separate factory division has been 
established in Dayton for the new sales 
and engineering activity. This unit is 
known as the “railway air-conditioning 
division.” R. E. Robillard, air-condition- 
ing application engineer, heads it up as 
railway contact representative. The re- 
search and engineering activity is in 
charge of C. F. Heeney, a member of 
the staff of E. B. Newill, vice president 
in charge of engineering. 

“We have worked closely with trans- 
portation executives who believe im- 
proved and more comfortable travel 
conditions will bring back to railroads 
much of the passenger traffic lost to 
other means of travel,” Mr. Biechler 

“Advantages of air-conditioned passen- 
ger cars are the elimination of outside 
noises, dust and cinders and mainten- 
ance of comfortable and healthful at- 
mospheric conditions so that travel is a 
pleasant relaxation making possible 
restful days and nights even in the 
hottest seasons. Passengers and their 
clothes can be just as neat and clean 
at the end of a 1,000-mile journey as at 
the start.” 

Frigidaire’s new equipment is design- 
ed to meet the requirements of trans- 
portation companies for compact, light- 
weight units that may be immediately 
installed on present rolling stock, with- 
ut alteration of car structures. 

Flexibility of the equipment makes it 
possible to use standard units for all 
types of cars from coaches with large 
carrying capacity to compartment sleep- 

(Concluded on Page 4, Column 1) 

Contact Man 

Appointed Frigidaire railway con- 
tact representative. 


PATERSON, N. J.—Carrier Engineer- 
ing Corp. has just completed the in- 
stallation of a new refrigerating system 
using Carrier cold diffusers, in the new 
plant of Augenblick & Bros., Inc., pro- 
duce merchants of this city. 

Formal opening of the new plant is 
scheduled for Dec. 14, with leading pro- 
vision men from all parts of the coun- 
try invited to attend. 

The work to be done by the refrig- 
erating system is conventional inasmuch 
as it involves the refrigeration of butter, 
cheese, eggs, and poultry. However, the 
design and operating of the plant are 
unusual since each of the five storage 
rooms is maintained at optimum air 

(Concluded on Page 4, Column 5) 


study course in air conditioning has 
just been announced by the university 
extension division of Rutgers university 
(the state university of New Jersey). 

In 12 sections, the course directed 
from the university campus in’ New 
Brunswick encompasses for the student 
of heating and ventilating, the major 
principles of the scientific preparation 
and treatment of air in large and small 
systems, especially those in industrial 

(Concluded on Page 2, Column 5) 


Detroit Section to Hear 
Johnston, Schubring, 

Blood, Oderman 

DETROIT—Next year’s outlook for 
four classes of refrigeration—household, 
commercial, ice, and solid CO»—will be 
discussed by speakers closely associated 
with those fields, next Monday night, 
Dec. 19, in the season's first session of 
the Detroit Section of the American So- 
ciety of Refrigerating Engineers. Engi- 
neers and executives are invited to 

Howard Blood, president of Norge 
Corp., will speak on the outlook for 
household refrigeration; G. M. Johnston, 
president of Universal Cooler Corp., 
will talk from the standpoint of com- 
mercial refrigeration; Harry Oderman 
will speak on plans and expectations for 
ice refrigeration; while Arthur C. Schu- 
bring of the Michigan Alkali Co. will 
tell what progress the solid COs indus- 
try anticipates in 1933. 

The meeting will be held in the Book- 
Cadillac hotel, according to Edward 
Barger, president of the section, who 
will preside. Dinner will start at 6 
o’clock, while the talks will start at 8 
o’clock in upper parlors of the same 


NEW YORK CITY—Air conditioning 
—the part it plays in advancement of 
industrial efficiency, and the equipment 
necessary for complete air treatment— 
received prominent display at the tenth 
National Exposition of Power and Me- 
chanical Engineering held in Grand 
Central Palace here last week. 

Exposition visitors saw displays of 
air-conditioning equipment made by sev- 
eral large manufacturers, and heard its 
function explained. 

One exhibit which attracted much at- 
tention was that of the Cochrane per- 
petual motion machine, which uses 
pressure of evaporating water vapor as 
its source of power. 

The motor is really a small vapor tur- 
bine power plant which operates on 
energy derived from differences in dry 
bulb and wet bulb temperatures. 

The apparatus is a long coiled glass 
tube with a bulblike steam drum or 
boiler in which the vapor is generated 
by heat from the surrounding atmos- 

(Concluded on Page 4, Column 4) 

day at the Hotel New Yorker. 


Refrigerating Engineers 
Discuss Fundamentals 

Oakley Succeeds Muffly as President of A.S.R.E.; 

Harrison Elected Vice President 

By John T. Schaefer 
NEW YORK CITY—Refrigerating engineers went back to 
first principles in the three days of technical discussions which 
comprised the annual winter convention of the American Society 
of Refrigerating Engineers, last Wednesday, Thursday, and Fri- 

Of less-than-usual prominence 

on the program were discussions of new developments and appli- 


New President 


New president of American Society 
of Refrigerating Engineers. 


NEW YORK CITY—While air condi- 
tioning for commercial and industrial 
purposes has already attained accept- 
ance to a considerable degree, much 
remains to be done in development of 
air conditioning for two other fields— 
apartment houses and private resi- 

This was the statement of William L. 
Keplinger of Carrier Engineering Corp. 
here when he spoke before the New 
York section of the American Chemical 

Society recently. 

eations of refrigeration. 

With this meeting Glenn Muffly, con- 
sulting engineer for Copeland Products, 
Inec., and member of the Nema staff, re- 
tired from the presidency of the society, 
to be succeeded by A. W. Oakley of the 
Merchants Refrigerating Co., New York 
City. Harry Harrison, sales manager of 
the Brunswick-Kroeschell division of 
Carrier Corp., Newark, was elected as 
the new vice president, while George 
Lange, American Ice Co., New York 
City, was named treasurer. 

Louis S. Morse, chief engineer of the 
York Ice Machinery Corp., York, Pa., 
and Frank R. Zumbro, Frick Co., 
Waynesboro, Pa., were appointed new 
directors of the society, while J. B. 
Churchill, consulting engineer of New 
York City, and Crosby Field, president 
of the Flakice Corp., Brooklyn, were re- 
elected directors. 

The convention opened Wednesday 
morning with Mr. Muffly presiding over 
a session on air conditioning. Speakers 
and subjects were John Everetts, Jr., 
on “Water as a Refrigerant,” George B. 
Bright on “Comfort Cooling With Ice,” 
and J. A. Goff on “Air-Conditioning 
Theory.” The annual welcome luncheon 
was addressed by Virgil Jordan, statis- 
tician for the McGraw-Hill Publishing 

Thursday afternoon was devoted to 
the topic “Thermal Problems” and was 
directed by A. R. Stevenson, vice presi- 
dent of the society. This session heard 
the following speakers: D. S. Cryder on 
“Heat Transmission from Metal Sur- 
face to Boiling Liquids,” E. R. Queer 
on “Absorption of Heat from Solar 
Radiation as Affected by Types of Sur- 
faces in a Structure,” and C. C. Daven- 

port on “Characteristic Curves for 
Fluid Film Lubricated Journal Bear- 

Mr. Harrison was chairman of the 

session of the research committee held 
Thursday morning. R. E. Flanders 
spoke first on “The Destiny of Engi- 
neering,” followed by E. M. Barber on 
“The Handling of Bearing Performance 
Data by Correlation with the Hydro- 
dynamic Theory of Lubrication.” Mr. 

(Concluded on Page 8, Column 4) 

Beer, Dry-Ice, Water as Refrigerant Discussed by A.S.R.E. Speakers 


YEW YORK CITY—Refrigeration re- 
rements of breweries were outlined 
Fred Ophuls, consulting engineer of 
New York, before the fourth session of 
th: A.S.R.E. meeting here last week. 
fe first explained the basic brewing 
rations, stating that variations from 
basic system are sometimes made to 
feet production economies or reduce 
estment in equipment. 
‘he basic brewing methods, with the 
eption of preparation of malt from 
berley, are: 
Cleaning and grinding malt to a 
'e grist. 
. Mixing the grist with hot water at 
a temperature of about 155° F., and 
so .king and stirring the resultant mash. 
When rice or other cereals are used, 
h-y are first cooked, then mixed with 
bh» mash at this point. 
Mash is strained from the tub into 
brew kettle, additional water hav- 
nh: been added in the mash tub to re- 
m ve soluble substances from. the 
re idue, 
. Hops are introduced, and boiled 
.h the liquor in the brew kettle. 
. Liquor from the kettle, now known 
S wort, is pumped to a collecting and 
fe tling tank above the beer cooling 
. It is then run over wort coolers, 

(Concluded on Page 2, Co'uwmn 1) 


Philipp Explains Action 
Of Refrigerant 

NEW YORK CITY—Action of refrig- 
erant ebullition in household and com- 
mercial evaporators was described by 
L. A. Philipp, head of research at Kel- 
vinator Corp., at the Friday morning 
session of the A.S.R.E. convention here 
last week. The paper was prepared 
jointly by Mr. Philipp and B. E. Tiffany, 
also of the Kelvinator research depart- 

Research and application of wood 
ebullators to evaporators comprised the 
most interesting portion of Mr. Philipp’s 
talk. In the development of Kelvinator 
cross fin evaporator coils, he explained, 
it was found that some of the loops of 
the coil would not frost up, while other 
loops frosted intermittently. 

To observe the process of ebullition, 
a series of carefully cleaned glass 
Erlenmeyer flasks were used. Liquid 
sulphur dioxide in the flasks was 
covered with a %4-in. layer of lubricat- 
ing oil. Liquid in fully half of the flasks 
superheated 50° F. without visible 
ebullition taking place, he reported. 

Then a search was made with a 
variety of materials to see what sub- 
stance in contact with a refrigerant pro- 
duced a catalytic activity in promoting 
the formation of vapor and decreasing 
the degree of liquid superheat. Among 

(Concluded on Page 2, Column 4) 


NEW YORK CITY-—Developments in | 

the use of water as a refrigerant, and 
its features when compared with other 
systems of refrigeration, were outlined 
by John Everetts, Jr., engineering asso- 
ciate of Walter L. Fleisher, consulting 
engineer, in the Wednesday morning 
session of the A.S.R.E. convention. 

Mr. Everetts first pointed out that 
evaporation of water was a form of re- 
frigeration used by the ancients. Porous 
clay jugs were filled with water which 
seeped through to the outer surface 
where evaporation into dry air cooled 
the jug. Temperature of the water in 
the jug approached the lower wet-bulb 
temperature of the air, he explained. 

A more common use of water as a 
refrigerant is by dairy farmers who use 
cold spring water to preserve their 
milk before delivery to the creamery, 
he showed. 

Two systems of note which employ 
water as a refrigerant in ice making 
are the Patten plan of vacuum refrig- 
eration, and the Westinghouse-LeBlanc 
system, both of which Mr. Everetts de- 
scribed briefly. 

He reported two installations of the 
Patten system for ice making, one in 
Baltimore, the other in Los Angeles, 
both built in 1904. 

“The Patten system employed concen- 

(Concluded on Page 5, Column 1) 

Business Decline Has 
Ended, McGraw-Hill 
Statistician Says 

States has 
present economic slump, and is now on 
a slow but certain road to recovery, said 
Virgil Jordan, chief statistician for Mc- 
Graw-Hill Publishing Co. in an address 
at A.S.R.E.’s Welcome luncheon here, 
Dec. 7. 

Although there is dire need for more 
thorough knowledge of “depression 
facts” on the part of all Americans to 
speed recovery, the nation’s business 
will eventually expand in size and pros- 
perity to proportions as great or greater 
than those of 1929, Mr. Jordan declared. 

“There is no limiting or inhibiting 
forces in this country,” he said. Since 
July, the statistician pointed out, there 
has been no further decline in business 
except for usual seasonal variations. 

Forces contracting business simply 
ceased to operate at that time. Com- 
modity prices halted in their slide and 
took a sharp rise until the middle of 
September. Since that time, they have 
again dropped to their July level, but 
on reaching that point, have shown a 
resistance to further decline. 

Securities, too, began to rise in July, 
and by September, had reached a 1932 

The United 

they have lost about 50 per cent of 
(Concluded on Page 5, Column 5) 

reached the bottom of the | 



NEW YORK CITY-—Development of 
solid COs manufacturing cycles was 
traced by A. B. Stickney of Fred 
Ophuls & Associates, consulting engi- 
neers, before the A.S.R.E. convention. 

Mr. Stickney started with the “Simple 
Cycle” which included a_ three-stage 
compression system for the COs gas, 
condensation, and finally expansion of 
the liquid through a nozzle to atmos- 
pheric pressure to produce the solid 
COs snow. Intercooling of the gas was 
employed between each stage of com- 
pression. Excess gas was returned from 
the expansion chamber to the first stage 
of compression. 

First refinement was precooling the 
liquid by absorbing its heat in the cold 
gas returning from the snow machine 
to the low-pressure compressor. This 
cycle is known the “Precooling 
Cycle,” and produced a marked saving 
in power. 

Next step was the method of flashing 
the liquid twice between the condenser 
and the snow chamber, and introducing 
the cold gas to suction lines of the 
second and high stages of compression, 
Mr. Stickney explained. This, the 
“Bleeder Cycle,” reduced the weight of 
gas handled through the lower stages, 


peak, Mr. Jordan said. At the present, | with resulting power economies. 

An objection to the “Bleeder Cycle” 
(Concluded on Page 2, Column 3) 


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NEWS, DECEMBER 14, 1932 

Brewery Refrigeration Requirements 

Are Explained by Ophuls 

(Concluded from Page 1, Column 1) 
and reduced in temperature to 43 to 
45° F. by water and refrigeration. 

8. The cooled wort then flows into the 
fermenting tubs where yeast is added 
and the fermentation process started. 
Fermentation continues for from five to 
seven days. 

9. Next it flows into the stock cellars 
where secondary fermentation takes 
place under pressure so that sufficient 
quantity of carbon dioxide is retained 
in the finished product. Beer is stored 
in stock cellars for 14% months or more, 
and is drawn off as required into kegs 
or bottles for shipping purposes. 

Not Needed for Bottled Beer 

Mr. Ophuls also pointed out that if 
beer is pasteurized and bottled, refrig- 
eration will not be needed in further 
shipment and storage. 

He next explained that refrigeration 
is usually required in the brewery for 
the following purposes: 

1. Preserving hops in storage. 

2. Cooling the wort from the lowest 
temperature possible with available city 
or well water, to 43 to 45° F. 

3. Absorbing the heat of fermentation. 

4. Cooling the beer from the ferment- 
ing tubs at about 45° F. to about 34° F. 
for storage in cellars. 

5. To offset heat leakage into hop 
storage, fermenting cellars, stock cellars, 
keg storage, ete. 

6. When beer is bottled, the receptacle 
on the bottle-filling machine must be 

7. To offset the heat of working men, 
lights, water, opening doors, etc. 

Wort Cooling Calculations 

“Determinations of refrigeration re- 
quirements to offset heat leakages are 
well known to refrigerating engineers,” 
he said, “but calculations of capacity 
for wort cooling and fermentation in- 
volve entirely different data than the 
industry has recently employed. Among 
these are specific heat and _ specific 
gravity of the wort, which depends 
upon its strength. For this information 
on wort he referred his listeners to 
Siebel’s Compend, published in 1906.” 

Concluding his talk, Mr. Ophuls traced 
a typical example of estimating refrig- 
eration requirements of wort cooling 
and fermentation. 

Question Asked Speaker 

Following his talk, Gale Pearce of 
Dry-Zero Corp. asked if refrigeration 
is required for the transportation of 
beer. Mr. Ophuls answered that the 
maintenance of 34° F. is not necessary 
if the beer is pasteurized and bottled. 

F. R. Nolde, secretary of the Refrig- 
erating Machinery Association, Phila- 

delphia, estimated that the potential de-| 

mand for brewery refrigeration equip- 
ment is 70,000 tons of capacity daily. 


(Concluded from pad 1, Column 5) 
was the fact that the low intermediate 
pressure is only slightly above the 
triple point, making expansion into the 
snow chamber difficult due to clogging 
of nozzles, Mr. Stickney said. 

This was remedied by the develop- 
ment of the “Bleeder-Precooling Cycle” 
which combines the bleeder and pre- 
cooling cycles by passing the high- 
pressure liquid through head ex- 
changers cooled by liquid evaporating 
at the intermediate pressures, he con- 

To remove the latent heat of fusion 
at a higher temperature, the low inter- 
mediate pressure can be set at or just 
below the triple point, and snow manu- 
factured at this pressure. Mr. Stickney 
called this the ‘Pressure-Snowmaking 
Cycle.” It is typified by the Carba 
process, used by Michigan Alkali Co. 
and others. 

The last refinement described was 

|the substitution of ammonia in the 

high pressure COs stage, and operation 
on a binary cycle in which the CO» con- 
denser is the ammonia evaporator. This 
produces a saving in power because 
ammonia is a more efficient refrigerant 
at that particular pressure, Mr. Stick- 
ney explained. 

Schematic diagrams were shown of 
all cycles, and thermodynamic charts 
given which showed _ successive in- 
|creases in snow yield, or reductions in 
| power consumption. 



-_ 3 

(Stocks maintained for immediate delivery) 
Amarillo, Texas... ... 816 Grant St. 

Axtell Co. 

Atlenta, Ga. 285 Marietta St. 
J. M. Tull Rubber and quay Co. 
Baltimore, Md 8 South Street 
Clendenin ch. 4 
Boston, Menechasete . 110 High Street 

A. E. Borden Co. 
Cincinnati, Ohio are Burbenk Street 

tkel Bros 
Cleveland, one er ae East 29nd St 
Williams & Company, Inc 
Decatur, Iilinois .. . . 133 Williams St. 
Field & Shorb Co. 
Des Moines, la. . W.11th & D.M.U.R.R. 
. L. Percival Co. 
Fernwood, Miss. . 711 N. Tangipahoa St. 
Enochs Sales Co 
Fort Worth, Texas. . 8th & Grove Sts. 
Axtell Co. 
Greensboro, N.C. . 14 W. Market St. 
Home , PWR, Service Co. 
Houston, Texas. . 734M & M Bidg. 
Lingo- Walter Comaay 
Indianapolis, ind. . . . . 229 E. South St. 
. H. Langsenkamp & Co. 
Lubbock, Texes . . a! 900 Avenue H 

Milwaukee, Wis... . 512 N. Water St. 
Chase Brass & Copper a Mer 
Minneapolis Minn. . . 14 I ae St. 

Chase Brass & Copper ey 
Newark, NJ. . Jefferson and hea Sts. 
Mclintire Connector Co 
New York, N.Y... .. 58 Warren Street 
Paramount Electrical Supply Co., Inc. 
Philedeiphie, Pennsylvania . 523 Arch St. 
Fretz Brass and Copper C o., Inc. 
Pittsburgh, Pe. . . 901 Pennsylvania Ave 
Williams & , ry 
Sen Angelo, Texas . . . 506 So. Oak St. 

St. Louis, yy 2817 Lectede Avenue 
& Copper Sales Co. 
Sioux City, lowe . . 2310 East 8th St 
ag Rehigeration § Service 

Syracuse, 14 Fayette St. 
Syracuse Supply Company 
Washington, D.C. . . . 308 10 St, N.W. 

less Valve 

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. pressure tested to 11250 

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Refrigeration Equipment a Supply Co., Inc. 
Wilmington, N.C. . . 1012 So. Front St. 

N. Jacobi ve W. Co. 
Winnipeg, Man., Canada . 156 Bel! Ave. 
Arctic Ice and Fuel Co., Limited 

Sen Francisco, Gee : A. 



eee G. C. Taylor, 2317 W. Marquette Road (Local Stock) 
mevten, GO «wee ces E. J. Kimm, 517 Grafton Ave. 

Los. Angeles, Calif... . .. ye D. Clothier, 1015 E. Sixteenth St. (Local Stock) 
New York, N. Y. % ay n, 806 Graybar Building 

Pts + sab 6 6458s George Brown & Co., Ltd., 267 Clarence bor Sydney, N.S. W 

PY © 5.5 6.6 6 sw * 0.88 Melchior, Armstrong, Dessau Co., Inc., 6 Broad St., New York, N. Y. 
Haewealien Islands... .... Theo. H. Davies & Co., Ltd., Honolulu, r “. 

Puetto Rico . ...... . « Refrigeration Supply Co., P.O. Box 328, Puerta de Tierra, San Juan 

V. Johnson, Merchants Exchange Bidg. (Local! Stock) 



Philipp Reads Paper 
On Ebullition 

(Concluded from Page 1, Column 2) 

these were copper wire, iron wire, fused 
porcelain, sand, silica gel, leather, oxi- 
dized copper, lead shot, cork wood, fiber, 
bamboo, rattan, etc. 

Fibrous wood was found to be very 
effective as an ebullator, limiting the 
degree of superheat to 3° F. and some- 
times less. 

Next question to be bettled was the 
possibility that the effectiveness of 
fibrous ebullators might be due to ad- 
sorbed air, Mr. Philipp explained. 

Rattan samples were baked at 250° F 
for 24 hours in glass flasks with a high 
vacuum, then without exposing the 
rattan to air, liquid sulphur dioxide and 
dehydrated oil were run into the flasks. 
The ebullition activity of the rattan ma- 
terial was as effective as before, he said. 
Subsequent tests showed definitely that 
the catalytic action of rattan could not 
be attributed to the presence of air. 

Samples of rattan sealed in glass 
tubes with liquid sulphur dioxide and 
oil for over two years are as effective 
today in promoting ebullition as when 
originally sealed, he reported. 

Materials Effecting Ebullition 

Mr. Philipp next discussed some cf 
the conditions and materials which af- 
fect ebullition, reviewed technical liter- 
ature on superheating, and gave his 

heating of liquids. 

Before applying the ebullators to com- 
mercial cooling units, it was necessary 
to investigate extraction of moisture 
from the rattan and the possible oxida- 
tion-reduction which might occur be- 
tween wood and liquid sulphur dioxide. 

Tells Results of Test 

| It was found that after dehydrating 
rattan at 275° F. with less than % mm. 
| Hg. of absolute pressure, it was impos- 
|sible to detect an increase in moisture 
|}content of anhydrous sulphur dioxide 
| (0.005 per cent water) which was held 
|in contact with the dried rattan fibers 
|for two days. This indicated that de- 
| hydration of the material was simpiy 
|}a matter of a time-temperature baking 
| operation under a very low pressure, he 
| pointed out. 

| In a second test, samples of dried 
|rattan were sealed in glass tubes with 
|}anhydrous sulphur dioxide and lubricat- 
|ing oil, and maintained at a tempera- 
i of from 180° to 200° F. for several 
days, with no visible reaction. Analysis 
| of the refrigerant showed no change in 
moisture content, whereas the rattan 
|had its original color although it was 
| slightly weakened in structural strength. 
Mr. Philipp concluded that the chemi- | 
cal reaction between the materials was 
| negligible. 

Applied to Cross-Fin Coils 

First application of the wood ebulla- 
|tors was to Kelvinator cross-fin coils. 
Walnut and maple were chosen because 
of their strength and fibrous structure 
which prevents splinters or chipping. 
Performance was greatly improved, 
superheating of the liquid was negligi- 
| ble, full capacity was realized, and 
|ebullition of the liquid was much more 
|}uniform so that suction pressure con- 
trol could be used with ease, Mr. Philipp 

Next, ebullators were applied to the 
flooded system employing the header and 
tube type of evaporator. For 
small rattan rods 6 in. long, and 4% in. 
in diameter were inserted into one end 
of each “U” tube terminating in the 
header, he explained. In this system, 
most of the ebullition takes place at 
the contact of the ebullator and the re- 
frigerant, according to Mr. Philipp, 
causing the liquid to circulate almost 
j}entirely in one direction. 


NEW YORK CITY Results of re- 
search at the Pennsylvania State College 
on “Surface Absorption of Heat from 
Solar Radiation” were given by E. R. 

Queer, instructor in engineering re- 
search. The paper was prepared jointly 
by Mr. Queer and F. G. Hechler, pro- 

fessor of engineering research at the 
same institution. 
A structure exposed to the sun’s rays 

than the surrounding air, Mr. Queer 
pointed out. The heat flowing into such 
a structure is dependent on the heat 
transfer coefficient through the struc- 
|ture and the temperature difference be- 
[tween inner and outer surfaces. 

Affecting the outer surface tempera- 
ture is the factor of color, which Mr. 
Queer has studied in detail. His tests 
indicate that white is the best color for 
the prevention of absorption of the sun’s 
heat, with red and green following. 

Other facts brought out as the result 
of this research were: 

Metallic paints absorb more 
| radiation than non-metallic paints. 
reduces the 
light colors. 

|miles per hour. 

theoretical conclusions on the super-| 

these, | 

will have a surface temperature higher | 


| Weathering the grease accumulation 
value of white and other 

The importance of surface colors de- 
creases for air velocities exceeding 10 


NEW YORK CITY-—Ralph E. F!: 1q- 
ers, E. M. Barber, and Henry Harr: on 
spoke before the meeting on resea ch 
which comprised the third session of 
the A.S.R.E. convention here last Thi rs- 

A professional author and engin er, 
Mr. Flanders spoke on “The Destiny of 
Engineering.” Mr. Barber, gradu te 
student at Pennsylvania State Coll: +e, 
gave a paper on “The Handling of 
Bearing Performance Data by Corr: \a- 
tion with the Hydrodynamic Theory of 
Lubrication” which was later judged to 
be the prize student paper for the yar 
for which he was awarded $150 by the 

Mr. Harrison, sales manager of the 
Brunswick-Kroeschell division, Carre; 
Corp., used for his title, “Cold Diffusion 
in Commercial Applications.” 

Discusses Engineering 

Mr. Flanders regarded engineering as 
a combination of science and invention 
Invention, he pointed out, is the develop- 
ment of practical methods for the solu- 
tion of problems of mechanics as we! 
as of business organization. 

He showed that the engineering ap- 
proach to a problem means bringing 
the best native ability to work toward 
a definite objective, employing all exist- 
ing data on the problem to aid in the 
| solution. 

In the class with “pure engineering” 
he placed Carnot's contributions to 
thermodynamics, and recent work in ex- 
tension of the steam tables. 

Interest in Economics 

He also mentioned the keen interest 
which the engineering profession is dis- 
playing in questions of economics, re- 
porting that some people have won- 
| dered if engineers’ interest in economics 
will overshadow their attention to tech- 
nical progress. Mr. Flanders believes 
that engineering and economics are now 
so closely interwoven that the engineer 
can, and is, rendering valuable assist- 
ance in the solution of economic prob- 

In conclusion he expressed great faith 
in the “new era.” He expects the Amer- 
ican scale of living to reach and sur- 
pass that of 1929 in both consumption 
and enjoyment. 

Barber Correlates Data 

Mr. Barber’s paper correlated data 
which had been developed at the Engi- 
neering Experiment Station at his uni- 
versity, with some new data which he 
collected on lubrication and bearings 

Theoretical equations do not check 
properly with experimental data, he dé 
|clared, because they are based on as- 
| sumptions that a journal is infinitely 
| long and that the viscosity of oil is a 
constant. Since the first of these as- 
sumptions is never true, and the secon r 
|seldom true, theoretical equations mus 
ibe supplemented by experimental data 
to be of value to a designing enginee! 

Carrier Cold Diffuser 

Mr. Harrison discussed the Carrie! 
Cold Diffuser, or unit cooler, as a de- 
velopment which is typical of new tech- 
nical progress. 

“Engineers of this century have set 
new records in obsolescing former 
| velopments,” he averred, showing slic: 
|of hand expansion valves, coils, and 
condensing units which have been vast- 
ly improved in the past few years 

As typifying modern design, he ci‘ ed 
the self-contained condensing unit, 
thermostatic expansion valve, hig 
speed compressors, evaporators with 
duced temperature split, more scient ! 
load determinations, and motor-dri 
ductless distribution of cold air—w!l 
is the designing engineer’s answer 
the limitations of gravity air circulat 

| Stevenson Agrees 

‘olowing Mr. Harrison’s talk, A 
terete General Electric Co., vo 
agreement with Mr. Harrison, 
further pointed out that forced 
circulation permits operation at hig 
|/back pressures, allows more accu 
humidity control, and gives better ! 
transfer between air and the evapora 

At Mr. Stevenson’s suggestion, C. H 
Lichtenberg also of General Elec 
reported that studies in the Fort Wa 
Ind., plant of the company showe 
relative humidity of about 85 per « 
to be best for preservation of meat 


(Concluded from Page 1, Column 
buildings, offices, public buildings, 
homes, the announcement states. 

The course provides training c 
lated to widen the student’s horiz« 
this increasingly important branc 
science, and to heighten his percep" 
and knowledge of the more tech 
|parts of the air-conditioning field. 

The outline of the course, cover‘ 
12 sections, includes the following ! 
fundamentals and definit 

| topics: 

basic computations; the enginee' > 
estimate: heating and cooling; anc 4! 
|paratus: filters, refrigeration eq! 

ment, gas consuming air-condition'+ 
equipment, distribution systems, #* 

| controls. 

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The 1933 Brunner line includes four dependable Compressors and twelve efficient 
High Sides, both air cooled and water cooled models, with capacities from % 
H.P. up to 1/2H.P. Compare the new Brunner equipment with the highest priced 
units in the market for efficiency, for performance, for quality. Like scores of other 

manufacturers, you'll find Brunner the winner. 




name ame built by) [rears of se service 

Brunner Mfg. Co., Utica, N. Y. 


Please send me full specifications of your 1933 line of Compressors 

and High Sides. 


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(Concluded from Page 1, Column 1) 
ers which carry only a dozen or so 
persons, it was said. The air condition- 
ers can be operated by the porter or 
steward, the announcement stated. 

Installations will be made in the regu- 
lar shops of railroads so that regular 
railroad equipment maintenance em- 
ployes will benefit by such employment. 

No ducts are necessary except in the 
case of all-ccompartment cars, accord- 
ing to Mr. Newill, under whose direc- 
tion the development work was carried 
on. This system localizes the cooling 
effect in each section so that odors and 
smoke from one section are not drawn 
through the entire car. 

Four-Cylinder Compressor 

However, the cooling coils are design- 
ed in such a way that they are applica- 
ble to either the duct or the ductless 
system, depending on which is desired 
by the individual railroad. 

“Our mechanical unit consists of a 
four-cylinder compressor,” said Mr. 
Newill. “This compressor produces five 
tons of refrigeration when driven by a 
7.5-hp. motor, and 7 tons when a 10-hp. 
motor is employed. 

“The mechanical unit is in an oblong 
shaped housing that is easily slung from 
the car frame. Both compressor and 
motor are readily accessible for routine 
checking. By slinging this equipment 
under the car, we are eliminating the 
necessity for permanently blocking 
vestibules for carrying heavy equipment 
overhead and for taking up revenue 
producing space. 

F-12 Used as Refrigerant 

“Dichlorodifluoromethane, known as 
F-12 or Freon, is used for refrigerant. 
The refrigerant is carried from the com- 
pressor under the car to coils installed 
in the bulkheads, by small refrigerant 
lines that are invisibly and easily in- 
stalled without alteration of the car 

In the case of a standard sleeping 
ear of 10 sections, one drawing room 
and two compartments, Frigidaire engi- 

Before Installation 

E. B. Newill, Frigidaire vice president in charge of engineering (right), 
and C. F. Henney inspect unit designed for railway air conditioning. 

of new air to be mixed with the recircu- 
lated air. Excess humidity is reduced 
by condensing moisture as the air 
passes through the cooling coils. Road 
tests have proven that comfortable con- 
ditions are maintained in the berths, 

whether the train is stationary or in 

Schematic Diagram of Railroad Air Conditioner 

Diagram of diner showing installation of compressor and cooling units. 

neers recommend two large coils for in- 
stallation in the bulkheads at the ends 
of the main section of the car and 
smaller coils for the drawing room, 
compartments and men’s and women’s 
dressing rooms. Fans behind the coils 
force the air through the cooling coils 
and grilles that deflect the conditioned 
air in the proper direction. 

“Provision is made for introduction 

motion,” Mr. Newill states. 

“We estimate the refrigeration re- 
quirement of a sleeping car operating 
under maximum heat and humidity con- 
ditions at five tons. The same amount 
of refrigeration is needed for a diner 
with seating capacity for 36 passengers 
and a crew of six. We do not mechani- 
cally air condition the galley, but a 
downdraft outlet over the door between 



pr or extruded rod 

> Fe 8 SO 

. each tube seat is protected in shipping. . . 
each piece is 100 per cent inspected... . 

is “Built Right — To Stay Tight.”’ 

small item, these seepage proof fittings for automatic 
refrigeration, but upon them depends much of the satis- 
factory operation of the unit. 

3 That is why Commonwealth Brass oy appbiron Fittings 

ave been preferred by the leaders o 
frigeration industry for 19 years. . . 
for which they are made; they prevent the leakage of 

the automatic re- 
. they do the job 

Commonwealth Fittings are made from hot forged brass 

. . every thread is cut to close limits 
. and 
each fitting 

ef. ot) ¢ WI GAN 

|coils are 

the galley and dining space keeps a 
curtain of new air moving downward 
and into the galley at a rate sufficient 
to supply the regular exhaust fans so 
that the galley is always completely 
ventilated without robbing the passen- 
ger section of refrigerated air. This 
system effectively reduces the tempera- 
ture in the galley by about 15° F.” 

Modern coaches with a passenger ca- 
pacity of 70 to 80 passengers requires 
approximately seven tons of refrigera- 
tion under maximum conditions, Mr. 
Newill says, pointing out that the new 
equipment is adequate to meet these 

Ready for Installation 

Frigidaire supplies the air-condition- 
ing equipment ready for installation by 
railroads in their own shops and by 
their own employes. Since all the equip- 
ment is standard, mechanical units and 
interchangeable so that re- 
placement stocks at shops may be kept 
at a minimum, the announcement 

All cars will be equipped with thermo- 
static controls, according to Mr. Newill. 

Condensing Unit 

View of machine unit, 
four-cylinder compressor. 


runs on which cars go from one ex- 
treme of temperature to the other, he 

“In anticipation of the desire of 
passengers for addition of moisture in 
winter,” he said, “and for light heating 
in fall and spring when the long steam 
radiators are not necessary, the coil and 
fan assemblies are designed so that a 
small heating coil and a steam jet may 
be installed and the air circulated by 
the regular blowers. 

“Humidification will overcome the ab- 
normally dry indoor atmospheric condi- 
tions that often cause travelers to catch 
cold, and will, at the same time, lower 
the steam requirements for heating. 

Introduce New Air 

“Ordinary conditions brought on by 
smokers have been met for coaches, 
diners, and sleeping car dressing rooms 
by the introduction of new air and 
filtration of old.” 

Executives of many of the major rail- 
roads are visiting Dayton to inspect the 
exhibit which has been set up at the 
Frigidaire railway air-conditioning lab- 
| oratories. One of the experimental cars 
in operation during the last season is 
a part of this exhibit. This exhibit in- 
lcludes a testing car-shed in which the 
|extreme heat and humidity of any sec- 
| tion of the country may be reproduced 
‘and operating conditions simulated. 

(Concluded from Page 1, Column 38) 

phere. A foot above this boiler is a 
nozzle through which the steam jets 
upon a small turbine wheel turning at 
a high rate of speed. 

Displayed by the General Electric Co. 
was a new development in commercial 

principles of mercury vapor lamps and 
incandescent lamps in one unit. This 
light is said to produce a type of illu- 
mination more similar to actual day- 
light than anything yet produced by 
illumination engineers. 

One feature of the show was beryllium 
copper in wrought commercial forms, a 
new development in the copper alloy 
field. The new alloy is still relatively 
high in cost but offers the advantages 
of being high in tensile strength and 
fatigue limit, and of great hardness. 

Many visitors at the show evidenced 
considerable interest in the “gear 
motors” displayed by several manufac- 
turers. These motors are designed to 
furnish slow motive power for operat- 
ing machines in plants and factories of 
various kinds. 

Photo-electric cells and their various 
adaptations in industry today were the 
subject of several demonstrations and 
motion pictures shown at the exposition. 

Also on exhibition were photo-micro- 
graphs of dust particles, prepared by 
the Interboro Rapid Transit Co. with 
the pure air committee of the American 
Society of Mechanical Engineers. De- 
vices for testing and measuring air pur- 
ity were also shown. 

Veeder-Root Co. of Hartford, Conn., 
exhibited apparatus for measuring the 
fall of water drops. The device com- 
prises two small metal shafts, several 
inches long and set horizontally, and 
tipped by rounded knobs which almost 

As a water drop falls between these 
knobs, it touches the surface of both 
simultaneously and forms an electric 
circuit, which actuates on odometer 
used to clock the number of the drops. 
The circuit is broken as the drop falls 
from the two knobs. 

During the exposition, the newly- 

organized committee on modernization 
of industrial plant facilities met to dis- 
cuss its plans. The committee, under 
the chairmanship of A. W. Robertson, 
chairman of the board of Westinghouse 
Electric & Mfg. Co., was formed to con- 
duct a drive to rehabilitate industrial 
equipment throughout industry. 
The committee stated that “50 per 
cent of the machinery equipment and 
plant facilities in American factories is 
obsolete, viewed from the fact that in 
the last three years there has been more 
improvement in equipment design than 
in any like period of our industrial his- 
tory, and that replacement has not kept 
pace with engineering advance.” 

It stated also that “many corpora- 
tions having liquid funds drawing low 
interest might better invest at this time 
in more profitable equipment.” 

Among exhibitors at the show were 
the following of interest in the refrig- 
eration industry: 

Aerofin Corp., American Air Filter 
Co., American Blower Corp., American 
Brass Co., American Gas Association, 

lighting—a system which combines the. 

Air-Conditioning Exhibit Featured A: 
Annual Power Show 

American Radiator Corp., Amthor T, +- 
ing Instrument Co., Inc., Armstr« ig 
Cork & Insulation Co., Bristol Co., C r- 
rier Engineering Corp., Carrier-L |e 
Corp., Chase Brass & Copper Co., Cl: »- 
ents Mfg. Co., Consolidated Gas Co. >f 
New York, Cutler-Hammer, Inc. 

DeBothezat Impeller Co., Inc., Detr. it 
Lubricator Co., Dole Valve Co., Faf) ir 
Bearing Co., Foster Wheeler Corp., F: «- 
boro Co., Fulton Sylphon Co., Garlo: \ 
Packing Co., General Electric Co., Gr ) 
nell Co., Howell Electric Motors C., 
International Nickel Co., Johns-Ma..- 
ville Corp., Marlin-Rockwell Corp. 

Mercoid Corp., Minneapolis-Honeyw: | 
Regulator Co., Norma-Hoffman Bear- 
ings Corp., Pure Air Exhibit, Shepa:, 
Niles Crane & Hoist Corp., C. J. Tagli 
bue Mfg. Co., Taylor Instrument Co:;, 
Timken Roller Bearing Co., Union Car- 
bide Co., Henry Vogt Machine Co, 
Watts Regulator Co., Wolverine Tube 


(Concluded from Page 1, Column 2) 

conditions, storage temperatures, hu- 
midities, and air movement. Direct 
expansion ammonia refrigeration is 
used throughout. 

Below is given the purpose, size, and 
temperature of each of the five rooms, 
together with the type and size of cold 
diffuser installed: 


Volume Temper- 

Room Cu. Ft. ature Diffuser 
Butter 4620 25° 1734 Brine ay 
Cheese 2820 36° 1522 Dry Coi 
ee Storage 5300 36° 1534 Dry Coil 


Candling 2860 45° 1811 Dry Coil 
Poultry 5050 25° 1734 Brine Spray 

The ammonia compressor used is a 
Carrier-Brunswick No. 13, with a ca- 
pacity of 4% tons (A.S.R.E. rating), but 
actually operated at evaporating pres- 
sures up to 35 lbs., with a corresponding 
capacity in excess of 7 tons of refriger- 
ation. The five unit coolers operate at 
evaporating temperatures ranging from 
18 to 40° F. 

The compressor is fitted with a 10-hp. 
variable speed motor. One of the con- 
trol features is that the speed of the 
motor is automatically varied so that 
the refrigerating output of the compres- 
sor is at all times equal to the load de- 

The automatic control further in- 
cludes the use of suction pressure con- 
trol valves and thermal expansion 
valves. C. I. Elliott and W. B. Rorison, 
Carrier engineers, designed the installa- 


NEW YORK CITY—For the country 
as a whole the output of electricity in- 
creased the week of Dec. 3, although the 
gain was much smaller than occurred 
in comparable periods of the preceding 
three years, according to the weekly re- 
port of the National Electric Light As- 

| This feature makes it possible for the | 
equipment to function properly on train. 

The Ideal 

Motor for 

Electrical Appliances 

The capacitor 
is built inside 
the motor frame 

Patents allowed and pending 

The New Howell Motor with 
Built-in Capacitor 

Quiet operation, smooth and 
quiet starting. no radio interfer- 
ence, simplified construction 
and economical operation are 
some of many reasons why this 
is the ideal motor for electric 
refrigerators and home appli- 

Compact and neat in appear- 
ance because the capacitor has 

been built inside the motor 
frame ... An abundance of 
power for its rating . . . High 
starting torque . .. High effi- 
ciency . . . Liberal overload ca- 
pacity . . . Horizontal and ver- 
tical models . . . Rubber or rigid 
mounting on horizontal models 
... Stators and rotors for built- 
in equipment. 




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Constant Temperature Cabinet 

Frigidaire men cooperated with city engineers in the design of this 
constant temperature and humidity cabinet for testing cement. 

Special Frigidaire Cabinet Used for Testing 
Cement under Standard Conditions 

COLUMBUS, Ohio—To meet the tem- 
perature and humidity requirements 
necessary to test cement, engineers of 
the City of Columbus and the Frigid- 
aire Corp. have designed and construct- 
ed a special constant temperature and 
humidity storage cabinet. 

Erected in the City’s Testing Labora- 
tory here, the cabinet has a capacity of 
75 sets of briquets (7 briquets to each 
set), and is provided with automatic 
thermostatic control. 

The equipment was designed jointly 
by M. Houghn, assistant engineer of the 
Physical Testing Laboratory here, and 
D. H. Wyatt, refrigerating engineer of 
Frigidaire Corp. in Columbus. Direct- 
ing the work were Charles P. Hoover, 
chemist in charge of water purification, 
and W. P. Halenkamp, director of the 
Department of Public Service. 

Included in the installation are a 
Frigidaire refrigerating system, a gas 
heater, and a Powers regulator. Humid- 
ity and temperature control are ob- 
tained by means of three fine streams 
of water spraying down on spherical 
surfaces. These sprays operate in the 
top of the cabinet. The resulting mist, 
which can be controlled by raising or 
lowering the spherical surfaces in the 
tube casings, controls the humidity and 
temperature, Mr. Houghn explains. 

Due to an excess of water condensing 
and dropping down on the top shelf, a 
baffle (not shown in photograph above) 
was added under the sprays, across the 
entire length of the cabinet. This elimi- 
nated any trouble from water dropping 

down on the molds or pats. 

Overflow from the three sprays is 
carried down the back of the cabinet 
to the top pan under each spray. Each 
pan contains an overflow maintaining 
1% in. of water. Water flows from the 
top pan down through each succeeding 
pan, maintaining constant temperature 
of the stored water. 

From the bottom pan, the water 
passes out through the overflow, which 
has a water baffle to prevent inflow of 
air through the drain. About 10 gals. of 
water per hour are required. 

Operators of the equipment report 
that it has been possible to maintain a 
humidity of 90 to 100 per cent at all 
times, with a temperature varying not 
more than one degree above or below 
70° F. The cabinet occupies a floor 
space of about 16 sq. ft. 

Specifications for testing concrete in 
Columbus have been adopted in accord- 
ance with the provisions of the “Stand- 
ard Methods of Testing Cement,” serial 
designation: C77-30 of the American So- 
ciety of Testing Materials. 

These requirements stipulate that 
“the temperature of the room, the ma- 
terials, the mixing water, the moist 
closet, and storage tank water shall be 
maintained as nearly as practicable at 
21° C. (70° F.), and the mixing water, 
moist closet, and water in the storage 
tank shall not vary from this tempera- 
ture more than 3° C. (5° F.).” It is 
further provided that “the relative 
humidity of the moist closet shall not 
be less than 90 per cent.” 


(Concluded from Page 1, Column 3) 

trated sulphuric acid as an adsorber 
and a reciprocating vacuum pump con- 
nected to the sulphuric acid spray 
chamber, which was in turn connected 
to a chamber enclosing the water-filled 
ice cans,” he said. 

Although the inventor claimed highly 
economical operating costs as compared 
with ammonia systems, Mr. Everetts be- 
lieves its lack of popularity was due to 
the facts that a very high vacuum is re- 
juired and that sulphuric acid is very 
active when not confined to its proper 

The Westinghouse-LeBlanc system 
may be considered the father of the 
eam-ejector system which is now be- 
g applied to industrial and railroad 
r conditioning, Mr. Everetts stated. In- 
allations were made at a mine in 
+thune, France (1910), and in a Minne- 
Sota mining camp (1917). 

Equipment for these installations re- 
mbles that for present-day steam- 
ector plants, he said, with a flash tank 
r cooling the liquid, steam ejectors, 
id condensers. 
“The system had two parts, a larger 
iit with about 20 tons of refrigeration 
fect used to cool brine to 28° F., and 
smaller unit for making one ton of 
ice per day. Ice was made in a cylindri- 
1 tank, and when removed could be 
it into usable sizes,” he said. 
Ice manufacturers did not take kindly 
suggestions to abandon their conven- 
t onal methods, and regarded this new 
nethod as a stepchild. 
About 1928, Mr. Everetts related, air- 
mditioning engineers began to recog- 
nize the features of the system using 
vater as a refrigerant which lent it to 
that type of application. These were 
tie non-toxic qualities of water, and the 
‘eater flexibility per unit of cost for 
meeting the wide load variations pecu- 
ar to air conditioning. 

He then turned to comparisons of the 

Ss eam-ejector system of air conditioning 

rin @ = & 

eo wn 






Bright Claims 15° 
Comfort Cooling 
Is Too Much 

NEW YORK CITY—Addressing the 
first session of the A.S.R.E. convention 
here last week, George Bright, consult- 
ing engineer of Detroit, brought out 
two outstanding points in his talk on 
“Comfort Cooling With Ice.” 

First was a difference of opinion with 
air-conditioning engineers who install 
cooling systems to reduce air tempera- 
tures 15° F. This is more than neces- 
sary, Mr. Bright declared, citing the ex- 
perience of several Detroit installations 
where 2° and 3° cooling in hot weather 
was found entirely satisfactory by retail 

Second, he urged the use of hourly 
ratings of air-cooling capacity instead 
of daily ratings. Thus one ton of re- 
frigeration per hour is more significant 
in estimating comfort-cooling installa- 
tions than one ton per day, he pointed 
out, because of the hourly variations in 
cooling requirements. 

The body of his talk was devoted to 
descriptions and performance reports of 
various Detroit installations of comfort- 
cooling equipment—some with ice and 
some with mechanical refrigeration. 
Among these was the comfort cooler in 
his own private office, and test installa- 
tions made last summer by the Detroit 
Edison Co., details of which have al- 
ready been reported in ELectric REerric- 

At the conclusion of Mr. Bright’s talk, 
L. L. Lewis, air-conditioning engineer 
of Carrier Engineering Corp., voiced 
agreement with Mr. Bright’s ideas on 
rating machines. Mr. Lewis suggested 
ratings in terms of heat units—B.t.u.’s 
per hour, instead of the conventional 
ton of refrigeration per 24 hours. 

with the compression type, from the 
standpoints of performance, water con- 
sumption, and operating costs. He con- 
eluded by predicting that systems using 
water as a refrigerant will find increas- 

ing use, particularly in air conditioning. 


NEW YORK CITY—John A. Goff, 
associate professor of thermodynamics, 
University of Illinois, discussed “Air- 
Conditioning Theory” with classroom 
methods of presentation, at the first ses- 
sion of the A.S.R.E. convention here 
last Wednesday. 

His paper emphasized the viewpoint 
that air-conditioning studies are prob- 
lems of the thermodynamic properties 
of mixtures of air and water, and as 
such should be approached with a 
fundamental understanding of the ther- 
modynamics of such mixtures. 

In a mixture of water and air, water 
is usually present in the form of super- 
heated vapor alone, he said, although it 
may become saturated and separate into 
two phases. If the temperature of the 
mixture exceeds 32° F., the two phases 
will be saturated vapor and liquid, while 
if the temperature is less than 32° F., 
the liquid phase can no longer exist in 
equilibrium with the vapor, and ice will 
appear, he pointed out. 

He then proceeded to a discussion of 
the mechanical properties of unsatu- 
rated and saturated mixtures, and en- 
thalpy. He took issue with the concept 
of enthalpy as the total heat content 
of a substance, pointing out that the 
heat which may be added to a mixture 
depends upon the pressure being exerted 
on the mixture. He designated change 
of enthalpy as the amount of heat 
added to a substance at constant pres- 

The remainder of his talk considered 
fundamental calculations of mixing 
processes of unsaturated mixtures, and 
examples of estimating air-conditioning 
requirements of typical problems. 

He also mentioned that a new set of 
tables giving the properties of air and 
water mixtures for a total pressure of 
760 mm. of mercury have been prepared 
at the University of Illinois. 

Zieber Tells Needs 
In Storage of 

NEW YORK CITY—W. E. Zieber, 
York Ice Machinery Corp., showed 
A.S.R.E. convention delegates how cold 
storage requirements of various foods 
vary throughout the year, and how a 
refrigerating plant can be built to 
handle the peak requirements of each 
in its season. 

The various commodities reach their 
peaks of storage demands at different 
times during the year, so that a cold 
storage plant should be sized to accom- 
modate the greatest requirement— 
figured on a scientific basis, he pointed 

He also stressed the advantage of in- 
stalling flexible refrigeration equipment 
so that only that amount actually re- 
quired at any one time can be oper- 
ated, the remaining capacity being shut 
down. Load requirements may vary 
from 70 to 100 per cent in one day, he 
stated, while at night the supply of re- 
frigeration can be tapered down to 
practically zero. 


NEW YORK CITY—P. T. Sealey, 
chief engineer of the Reid Ice Cream 
Corp., described the new ice cream 
plant which his company has just in- 
stalled, before the fourth session of the 
A.S.R.E. convention here last Thursday. 
The installation embodies many new 
types of equipment which have been 
developed for the manufacture of ice 

The major portion of his presentation 
consisted of two motion picture films 
which depicted the production methods. 
As the films progressed, Mr. Sealey ex- 

plained the various operations. 


(Concluded from Page 1, Column 4) 

their July-to-September gain, but are 
now holding at a level. It is the stat- 
istician’s belief that those factors limit- 
ing security market progress are no 
longer functioning. 

Said the speaker: “The world-wide 
economic crisis was passed last spring. 
Responsible for the halt in downward 
trends were U. S. government measures. 
An increasing influx of gold into this 
country will probably result in as much 
gold in our reserves on Jan. 1, 1933, as 
we had at the beginning of the present 

Mr. Jordan showed that our old price 
levels have been cut in half, while we 
still bear the burden of indebtedness 
contracted in the peak year of 1929. He 
pointed out that we are now trying to 
pay “dollar debts with 50-cent incomes.” 

“We must,” he declared, “either re- 
duce the debts themselves, or devaluate 
(write down) our currencies.” The 
United States, France, Switzerland, and 
the Netherlands are the only countries 
which have definitely remained on the 
gold standard. Although some slight 
debt reduction has been accomplished, 
the major portion of this project is yet 
to be effected.” 

We are confronted with the fact that 
foreign war debts cannot, and will not, 
be paid, Mr. Jordan said, and added 
that in addition to this limitation on our 
income, we are burdened by our own 
farm debts, national debts, and foreign 

In closing, Mr. Jordan made this as- 
sertion: “The responsibility for solving 
our current economic problems lies with 
American business men. Much depends 
on the attitude they take toward the 
situation. If they work constructively, 
there is no reason why the condition 
of our country today cannot be satisfac- 

torily corrected.” 


Revolutionary Process 
for welding steel parts— 
eliminates separate welds 

Copper Hydrogen Electric Welding is a process 
which is effecting great economies in the 

electric refrigeration field. 

For with this process a number of steel parts of 
a given unit can be welded at one time thus 

eliminating many intermediate 

For example, all welds on evaporators, con- 
densers, floats, tanks, etc., can be made at 

one operation. 

Also welding by this process insures longer life, 

permanent strength at the joints, gas tightness 
and a clean, 

scale free surface. 

Production of these parts by the Copper Hydro- 
gen Electric Welding process is now in opera- 

operations and 

tion. Many electric refrigerator manufacturers 
saw the merit of this new and revolutionary 
process and were quick to take advantage of 

this latest method. 


You too should look into Copper Hydrogen 
Electric Welding which might fit your business 

improve your product and save 

you some money. 

Correspondence invited. 



Detroit, Mich., U. 8. A. 



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of Latest Patents Issued in Field of 

(Continued from Last Issue) 

AND APPARATUS. David H. Killeffer, 
Yonkers, N. Y., assignor to Dryice Equip- 
ment Corp., New York, N. Y., a Corporation 
of Delaware. Filed Dec. 9, 1929. Serial No. 
412,749. 15 Claims. (Cl. 62—91.5.) 

3. A method of varying the rate of trans- 
fer of heat between a region maintained at 
a relatively constant temperature and a 
region the temperature of which is to be 
controlled thereby, which method includes 
interposing between said regions a double 
wall affording a relatively thin, small volume 
interspace, and varying the conductivity of 
the interspace by utilizing changes of vapor 
pressure in a closed space above a body of 
liquid whose vapor pressure is sensitive to 
a change in temperature, located in heat 
transfer relation to the controlled-tempera- 
ture region, to force liquid into and with- 
draw it from said interspace said closed 
space being of small volume and negligible 
heat storage capacity so that the heat ab- 
sorbed or evolved to effect Said changes of 
vapor pressure, is negligible as compared 
with the refrigerative heat transfer con- 
trolled thereby. 

tin, Jr., Yonkers, N. Y., assignor to Dryice 
Corp. of America, New York, N. Y., a Cor- 
poration of Delaware. Original application 
filed Dec. 6, 1926, Serial No. 152,7 54. Divided 
and this application filed Dec. 15, 1928. Serial 
No. 326,274. 10 Claims. (Cl. 93-191.) 

1. Means for supplying carbon dioxide 
snow, a mold into which said snow dis- 
charges, a reciprocatory plunger in the mold 
and a cut off between said carbon dioxide 
snow supplying means and said mold for 
closing the mold entrance opening and form- 
ing when closed a lateral wall of the mold 
during the compression stroke of the 

2. Means for supplying carbon dioxide 
snow, a mold into which said snow dis- 
charges, a reciprocatory plunger in the mold, 
means for tamping the snow in the mold 
while the plunger is retracted, and a cut off 
for closing the mold entrance opening dur- 
ing the compression stroke of the plunger. 

AND METHOD. James W. Martin, Jr., 
Yonkers, N. Y., assignor to Dryice Equip- 
ment Corp., New York, N. Y., a Corporation 
of Delaware. Original application filed June 
15, 1926, Serial No. 116,103. Divided and this 

application filed March 21, 1930. Serial No. 
437,652. 8 Claims. (Cl. 62—91.5.) 

2. In combination, a receptacle comprising 
a chamber to be cooled, a container in the 
upper portion thereof enclosing solidified 
carbon dioxide protected by relatively gas- 
tight paper or pasteboard wrapping, a down- 
flow conduit from said container in heat 
exchange relation with said chamber, and 

an outlet conduit connected to said downflow 
conduit and extending upwardly, 

said con- 

duits cooperating to control circulation of 
generated carbon dioxide gas. 

SYSTEMS. Frederick H. Du Vernet, Hamil- 
ton, Ontario, Canada. Filed Jan. 11, 1932. 
Serial No. 585,942. 9 Claims. (Cl. 230—83.) 

1. A pump of the kind described, includ- 
ing a pair of vertical pressure columns con- 
nected at their lower ends, a liquid piston 
partially filling said columns and their con- 
nection, means alternately to supply steam 
under pressure to the upper end of one of 
said columns and means to condense the 
supplied steam, and inlet and outlet valves 
at the upper end of the remaining column 
for connection to a refrigerator unit. 

Lewis, Minneapolis, Minn., assignor to Lewis 
Air Conditioners, Inc., Minneapolis, Minn., a 

Corporation of Delaware. Filed Aug. 14, 
1930. Serial No. 475,177. 4 Claims. (Cl. 

1. In air conditioning apparatus an up- 
wardly extending flue having an air intake 
passage adjacent the lower end thereof and 
having a substantially horizontally disposed 
air discharge cowl diverging from the upper 
end of said flue, said air intake passage 
having a series of spaced divider plates 
adapted to cause entering air to be dis- 

*"S 9 967.767 

tributed substantially uniformly throughout 
the cross sectional area of the flue, a heat- 
ing unit disposed transversely of the medial 
portion of the flue and having air passages 
extending therethrough, a water supply 
nozzle mounted adjacent said heating unit 
and directed longitudinally of said flue and 
a deflector plate associated with said dis- 
charge nozzle and adapted to deflect moist- 
ure transversely and substantially radially 
of said flue. 


Jesse G. King, Dayton, Ohio, assignor to 
Frigidaire Corp., Dayton, Ohio, a Corpora- 

Reg. U.S. Pat. Off. 

(R & H Methyl Chloride) 

Em pire State BI dg. 

OR homes, offices, industrial plants, railroad 
cars—for household or commercial use— for all 
types of air conditioning equipment, you'll find 


Address our Technical Service 
Division for further information 



. 350 Fifth Ave. 

New York, N.Y. 



Manufacturers: Write for Details! 


Mutiins MANUFACTURING Corporation 


> ae ee 



tion of Delaware. Filed April 26, 1929. Serial 
No. 358,299. 15 Claims. (Cl. 62—126.) 

1. An evaporator for refrigerating appara- 
tus including a header, and an enclosure for 
an ice making receptacle, said header hav- 
ing one or more depressions in its under 
portion, fastening means attached to said 
enclosure and projecting for a major portion 
of its length into said depressions whereby 
said enclosure is close coupled to said 

Lewis, Philadelphia, Pa. Filed March 19, 
1931. Serial No. 523,660. 6 Claims. (Cl. 98 

1. In a heating, cooling and ventilating 
system, a compartment adapted to be heated, 
cooled, ventilated or to have the air therein 
otherwise conditioned, air conditioning de- 
vices including heating, cooling and humidi- 
fying elements, an intake air duct leading to 
said air conditioning devices, inlet openings 
in the floor of said compartment leading to 
said intake air duct, valved inlets inter- 
mediate said air duct and said respective 
air conditioning devices, a blower, a dis- 
charge air duct into which the conditioned 
air is adapted to be forced by said blower, a 
discharge jet at the end of said discharge 
air duct, a mixing chamber into which said 
discharge jet projects, a conduit communi- 
cating at its upper end with said mixing 
chamber and at its lower end with the in- 
side of said compartment at a point near the 
floor thereof and an aspirating nozzle leading 
from said mixing chamber to said compart- 
ment, said aspirating nozzle having a flared 
portion juxtaposed to the end of said dis- 
charge jet. 

Charles W. Scherer, Dayton, Ohio, assignor, 
by mesne assignments, to Frigidaire Corp., 

a Corporation of Delaware. Filed Jan. 31, 
1927. Serial No. 164,722. 4 Claims. (Cl. 

1,887,948 “Ue 

1. In a refrigerating apparatus a cabinet 
having a plurality of side walls enclosing 
a refrigerating compartment and a machine 
compartment above the refrigerating com- 
partment, the side walls including insulat- 
ing members and facing members, a facing 
member spaced from one of said insulating 
members to provide a conduit for cooling 
air communicating with the machine com- 

partment and having its inlet near the 
bottom of the cabinet. 

ING MACHINE. Edmund Altenkirch, Neuen- 
hagen, near Berlin, Germany, assignor to 
Siemens-Schuckertwerke Aktiengesellschaft, 
Berlin-Siemensstadt, Germany, a Corporation 
of Germany. Filed June 8, 1929, Serial No. 
369,358, and in Germany June 16, 1928. 21 
Claims. (Cl. 62—119.5.) 

3. In an absorption machine involving a 
cycle of generation, resorption, evaporation 
into an inert gas and absorption, the method 
of setting the gas mixture in circulation 
through the evaporator, the resorber and the 
absorber, by introducing into it working 
medium generated at a higher pressure. 


FIER. Earl M. Hicks, Lebanon, Ind. Filed 
June 14, 1932. Serial No. 617,211. 6 Claims. 
(Cl. 183—18.) 

Long, Minneapolis, Minn., assignor of one- 
half to Puffer-Hubbard Mfg. Co., Minneap- 
olis, Minn., a Corporation of Minnesota 
Filed May 19, 1930. Serial No. 453,586. 8 
Claims. (Cl. 45—77.) 

1. In combination with a structure 
| viding a chamber having a drawer opening, 
a drawer arranged within the chamber and 
movable within the opening, rollers carried 



|} by the drawer and arranged adjacent the 
| ae end of the drawer to support it, and 
|} additional rollers arranged rearwardly of 

land above said first mentioned rollers and 
|adapted to co-act with the chamber to re- 
| Sist rocking motion of the drawer about 
) said first mentioned rollers and downward 

forward portion of the drawer 

motion of the 

for any withdrawal position, said rollers be- 
ing arranged on a single mount, and means | 
| detachably securing the mount to the rear 
|}face of the rear wall of the drawer, said 
}means being accessible from within the 

1,888,043. REFRIGERATOR. Don C. Mc- 
Cord, St. Louis, Mo., and Gerald S. Bataille 

Royal Oak, Mich., assignors to Hussmann- 
| Ligonier Co., St. Louis, Mo., a Corporation 
|} of Delaware. Filed May 4, 1929. Serial No 
360,364. 1 Claim. (Cl. 62—89.5.) 

A display case refrigerator comprising a 
|}casing having a forwardly and downwardly 
j inclined bottom wall, a lining member per- 
manently secured to said bottom wall, said 
lining member being provided with a water- 
receiving depression, and a cooling element, 
said cooling element being positioned 
that circulating air passing from said cool- 
ing element will move immediately adjacent 
to said water-receiving depression, said lin- 
ing member having oppositely disposed and 
integrally formed curved portions for direct- 


ing the air moving from said cooling ele- 
| ment. 



Charles Taylor, Beloit, Wis., assignor, by 
mesne assignments, to Louis A. M. Phelan, 
‘Chicago, Ill, Original No. 1,760,217, dated 

May 27, 1930, Serial No. 145,426, filed Nov. 1, 
1926. Applicalion for reissue filed May 27, 
1932. Serial No. 614,272. 17 Claims. (Cl. 62 

1. An ice cream freezing system compris- 
ing a cabinet including a brine container, 
means for cooling the brine in said con- 
tainer to ice cream hardening temperatures, 
an ice cream hardening compartment cooled 
by said brine, a freezer mounted on said 
cabinet above the level of the brine in said 
container, means for delivering brine from 
said container to said freezer, means for 
shutting off the flow of brine to the freezer, 
and means for draining the brine from said 
freezer back into said container. 


TILATING SYSTEM. Stephen Sholtes, Chi- 
cago, Ill. Filed Feb. 5, 1930. Serial No. 
425,934. 1 Claim. (Cl. 98—33.) 

In a mechanically cooled ventilating sys- 
tem, in combination with an enclosure, a 
conduit, a passage for conducting air from 
the enclosure to the conduit, a passage for 
conducting fresh air to the conduit, a de- 
humidifier located within the conduit, a by- 
pass in said conduit for passing a portion 
of the mixed air in the conduit around the 
dehumidifier, and a second by-pass for con- 
ducting the fresh air to the conduit by pass- 
ing the same around the dehumidifier. 

Otto M. Summers, Dayton, Ohio, assignor 
to Frigidaire Corp., Dayton, Ohio, a Corpo- 
ration of Delaware. Filed July 31, 1929. 
Serial No. 382,516. 7 Claims. (Cl. 62—126.) 


1. An evaporator for refrigerating appara- 

tus including a plurality of sheet metal 
members detachably held together to pro- 
vide complementary portions forming a 
freezing zone, each of said members form- 
ing refrigerant expansion chambers separate 
from one another, said refrigerant expan- 
sion chambers having liquid refrigerant in- 
let and outlet connections, means formed 
integral with at least one of said members 
and extending horizontally into said freez- 
ing zone to divide the zone into a plurality 
of sharp freezing compartments. 

1,888,336. EVAPORATOR. 
Deventer and J. Alfred Grier, New York, 
N. Y., assignors, by mesne assignments, to 
Frigidaire Corp., Dayton, Ohio, a Corpora- 
tion of Delaware. Filed Oct. 27, 1927. Serial 
No. 299,001. 4 Claims. (Cl. 62—126.) 

1. Suspension means for the evaporating 
unit of a mechanical refrigerator, compris- 
ing, in combination, a plurality of hoops 
having split portions, suspension straps 
welded to the hoops, and clamping means 
adapted to coact with the split portions of 
the hoops. 

2. An evaporator for a refrigerating ap- 
paratus comprising inner and outer walls 
arranged to form a chamber for refrigerant, 
a refrigerant inlet conduit connection com- 
municating with said chamber through one 
of said walls, a refrigerant outlet conduit 
connection communicating with the upper 
portion of said chamber through the inner 
wall thereof. 

Harry R. Van 

DOORS. Frederick C. Palenske, St. Joseph, 
Mich, Filed Aug. 10, 1931. Serail No. 556,055. 
3 Claims. (Cl. 20—69.) 

1. Rubber stripping for refrigerator doors, 
or other closures, comprising a for 
attachment to a relatively movable member 
of the structure, formed with a portion to 
extend between the meeting edges of 
door and doorway, said base having another 
portion disposed at an angle to said first 
mentioned portion, and a plurality of og 
on the face thereof, said ribs spaced apart | 
to provide air space between them, and 
|} Said ribs being adapted to engage another 
| relatively movable member of the structure, 
| when the door or closure is moved into 
}closed position, each rib providing an air- 
tight joint or seal, and the ribs also provid- 
|}ing dead air space between them when the 
door or closure is in closed position, thereby 


the | 




and prices. 
Ask about our other im- 
| pertant accessories for elec- 
trie refrigeration. 



| providing an air-tight seal and insulation 
jin the joint between the door or closure 
rr and doorway of the body of the structure 

| 1,888,434. HUMIDIFIER. Lawrence M. 
| Persons, St. Louis, Mo., assignor to The | 
|Emerson Electric Mfg. Co., St. Louis, Mo., 
a Corporation of Missouri. Filed June 28, | 
1930. Serial No. 464,491. 2 Claims (Cl 

| 1. A humidifier including a_ receptacle 
jadapted to contain water, a fan member 

mounted above said receptacle including a 
concave disk, a motor adapted to drive the 
fan member, means operable by the motor 
for conveying water from the receptacle to 
| the path of the air currents produced by the 
fan, including a pulley on the motor shaft, 
a pulley touching the water, a conveyor belt 
about said pulleys, a conical member about 
jthe pulley on the motor shaft adapted to 
receive and divert the water thrown off 
by the conveyor belt and having its rear 
end adjacent to the concave disk. 

H. Threadgill, Raleigh, N. C. Filed March 
3, 1931. Serial No. 519,908. 3 Claims. (Cl. 

| 236—92.) 

1. In @ refrigerating system including an 

expansion coil and a compressor, a de 
for controlling the flow of the refrige: int 
from the compressor to the expansion | 9j| 
comprising a pipe connecting the compres. 
sor with the expansion coil, a valve ini er- 
polated in the pipe for cutting off the tow 
of the refrigerant to the expansion coil, an 

expansible member in communication wit! 
the pipe and containing oil, a valve stem 
connecting the valve with the expansible 
member, pressure in the expansion coil act 
ing on the oil causing expansion of the 
expansible member thereby tending to close 
the valve. 

Filed April 26, 1930 
(Cl. 62—159.) 

Catron, Bonham, Tex. 
Serial No. 447,719. 3 Claims. 

Burt H. Weston, Wood River, Ill. Filed 
March 20, 1929. Serial No. 348,634. 12 Claims. 
(Cl. -—91.5.) 

1. In a refrigerating apparatus compris- 
ing a structure having a compartment to 
be cooled and having a refrigerant chamber 
adapted to receive solid carbon dioxide 
means for conducting carbon dioxide gas 
from said refrigerant chamber, in cooling 
relation to said compartment, to a _ point 
spaced below the top of said compartment 
and thence upwardly to a point of dis- 
charge, and means for insulating the up 
wardly extending part of said conducting 

TUS. Samuel M. Anderson, Sharon, Mass., 
assignor to B. F. Sturtevant Co., Hyde Park 
Mass., a Corporation of Massachusetts. Filed 
June 24, 1929. Serial No. 373,414. 26 Claims 
(Cl. 261—26.) 

‘T, 888, aly 

1. Air conditioning apparatus comprisi'z 
a chamber through which the air being « 
ditioned flows, a water tube, a tank 
supplying water to the tube, means 
atomizing the water as it leaves the tu 
an indicator mechanism for determining 

humidity of the conditioned air, and 1 
chanism for controlling automatically 

level of the water in the tank to maint 
a predetermined degree of humidificat 
of the conditioned air. 

26. Air conditioning apparatus comp! 
ing a chamber through which air to be « 
ditioned flows, a compressed air atomiz 

_(Contin ued on Column 1 


Absorbs vibration. Promotes 
faster freezing, more Crystal- 
line ice. Aids in delivering 
full efficiency built into unit. 
Made of fine pure gum live 
rubber. Write for 

Page 7, 


Testing Laboratory 
For refrigerators 
and refrigerating equipment 
George B. Bright Co. 
Refrigerating Engineers 
2615 12th St., 





Searches, Repor nions by 
Specialist in R REER GERATION 


Solicitor of Patents - Refrigeration Enginee 



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NEWS, DECEMBER 14, 1932 


of|Electric Refrigeration 

Continued from Page 6, Column 5) 

nozzle for producing a finely divided spray 
in the air current, a water supply for the 
nozzle, @ pump for supplying compressed 
air to the nozzle, and commonly controlled 
devices for cutting off the water supply and 
throwing the pump out of operation. 

1,888,950. REFRIGERATING UNIT. Earl 

Vernon Hill, Chicago, lll. Filed June 16, 
19:2. Serial No. 617,669. 3 Claims. (Cl. 

A refrigerating apparatus for an air 
conditioning unit having water spraying 
means therein, said refrigerating apparatus 
heaving means for cooling spray water com- 
prsing a water cooler having an expansion 
coil therein, means for compressing a refrig- 
erant communicating with said expansion 
coil, and means for placing said spray 
water under pressure in said cooler prior 
to cooling by said expansion coil, said com- 
pression means and said pressure means 
being actuated by a single motor. 

18,665. REFRIGERATION. Carl Georg 
Munters, Stockholm, Sweden, assignor to 

Electrolux Servel Corp., New York, N. Y., a 
Corporation of Delaware. Original No. 
1,711,804, dated May 7, 1929, Serial No. 153,- 
262, filed Dec. 8, 1926. Application for re- 
issue filed Sept. 22, 1930. Serial No. 483,732. 
14 Claims. (Cl. 62—120.) 

i4. A refrigerator including a chamber to 
be cooled, an air-cooled absorption refrig- 
erating apparatus of the intermittent type 
having a heat insulated evaporator, and an 
hermetically sealed vessel containing a 
volatile fluid and having its upper portion in 
thermal exchange relation with said evapo- 
rator and its lower portion in thermal ex- 
relation with said chamber. 


Adolf Baumann, Wettingen, Switzerland. 
Filed April 8, 1932, Serial No. 603,929, and 
in Germany Sept. 12, 1930. 5 Claims. (Cl. 



1. In a refrigerating system of the com- 
pressor type, a jet apparatus actuated by 
refrigerant vapor for extracting incondensa- 
ble gases from the system, and means for 

recovering the refrigerant vapor and for 
venting the incondensable gases to the 

1,889,214. REFRIGERATOR. William C. 
O'Leary, Washington, D. C. Filed July 21, 
1927, Serial No. 207,504. Renewed Jan. 13, 
1932. 6 Claims. (Cl. 217—17.) 

1. In a refrigerator formed with a hollow 
wall, a heat insulating element for position- 
ing within the hollow wall said element in- 
cluding a bag to provide a vacuum space, 
and a sectional support within the bag to 
brace the same against external pressure, 
said support including a partition dividing 
the bag into a pair of compartments. 

6. In a refrigerator structure, means to 
provide a chamber surrounded by a hollow 
space having opposed walls, means to pro- 
vide door casings in said walls, hinged doors 
fitting said casings and each formed of two 
separate members, holdfast means for fast- 
ening said opposed walls in spaced relation, 
holdfast means for fastening said opposed 
separate members of each door together in 
spaced relation, said casings and said doors 
having open edges opposed to each other 
when said doors are closed thereby com- 
pleting a hollow space entirely surrounding 
said chamber, a continuous heat insulating 
means within said walls and doors, and said 
holdfast means opposing the edges of said 
heat insulating means. 

1,889,222. ICE SCORING MACHINE. John 
H. Schreiber, St. Louis, Mo. Filed Nov. 25, 
1929. Serial No. 409,609. 34 Claims. (Cl. 

J. Kenyon, Santa Barbara, 
by mesne assignments, to 
a Corporation of Dela- 
Serial No. 208,376. 

BLY. Oades 
Calif., assignor, 
Instant Ice Corp., 
ware. Filed July 25, 1927. 
8 Claims. (Cl. 251—119.) 

1. The combination with a member having 
a series of openings therein for the passage 
of a fluid, of a valve for controlling the 
flow of refrigerant through said openings, 
said valve comprising an annular spring 
metal member having a central portion 
thereof rigidly secured to the said member 
and having an annular bowed portion bridg- 
ing the openings aforesaid and having edge 
contact with the member beyond the open- 

August P. Anderson, Chicago, Ill., assignor 
to Anderson-Rees Refrigerating Machine 
Co., Chicago, Ill, a Corporation of Illinois. 
Filed Aug. 30, 1930. Serial No. 478,906. 7 
Claims. (Cl. 62—115.) 

1. In a refrigerating machine, the com- 
bination of a compressor having a casing 
provided with a continuous flange there- 
around, a cylinder above the flange, and a 
crank-case below said flange, said flange, 
eylinder, and case being integral, a con- 
denser coil around the compressor-cylinder, 
a water jacket with an open bottom, enclos- 
ing the condenser coil and cylinder and 
terminating at the flange, a supporting 
structure for the machine extending around 


Dehydrated and Sealed or Open End; Plain Bright or Tin Plated; 

A.S.T.M. Specification B68-30T. 

Immediate Delivery from Stock. 

1491 Central Avenue, Detroit, Michigan 
Sales Offices in 29 Cities 



Send for Catalog No. 101 


2155 Walnut St. 




| Our Engineering Department will cooperate with you in the design of molded parts 


Chicago, U. S. A 


Descriptive literature gladly sent upon request 






Trumbull, Lincoln, Marquette & Viaduct 
Detroit, Mich. 




F 4 

the compressor crank-case, and compressor 
supporting means to which said flange is 
secured, forming a closed bottom for the 
water jacket and a water-tight closure be- 

1,889 , 342 

tween the crank-case and the supporting 

KET. Harold A. Greenwald, Detroit, Mich. 
Filed Oct. 16, 1931. Serial No. 569,242. 8 
Claims. (Cl. 20—69.) 

1. A gasket for refrigerator and similar 
doors, comprising a strip flexible in the 
direction of its width, a longitudinal en- 
largement forming a cushion intermediate 
of the width of the said strip, and a longi- 
tudinal tongue extending from said enlarge- 
ment and parallel to one of the marginal 
portions of said strip. 

REFRIGERATORS. George H. Kennedy, 
Jr., Worcester, Mass. Filed Oct. 3, 1929. 
Serial No. 397,085. 19 Claims, (Cl. 62—108.5.) 

1. An ice tray for mechanical refrigerators, 
having ice block cavities each bounded by 
a surface of revolution and by two sub- 
stantially upright surfaces whose upper 
edges are non-parallel. 

Charles E. Rorrer 
Colo. Filed 
25 Claims. 

1,889,499. APPARATUS 
and Albert R. Mitterer, Denver, 
Feb. 17, 1930. Serial No. 429,086. 
(Cl. 62—89.5.) 

1. A show case having a closed merchan- 
dise chamber and an open bin above the 
same, and means to circulate a _ cooling 
medium through a closed section about op- 
posite sides of the 


1,889,611. WATER COOLER. Ambrose D. 
Olds, Wichita, Kan., assignor to Edison 
General Electric Appliance Co., Inc., Chi- 

cago, Ill., a Corporation of New York. Filed 

July 10, 1931. Serial No. 3 Claims 

(Cl. 62—141.) 

1. A water cooler including a cooling unit 
and an outer enclosing metal shell thermally 
insulated therefrom, a cold water pipe ex 
tending from said cooling unit through an 
opening in a wall of said shell, and means 
for substantially preventing the flow of 



| front thereof directly 


heat from said shell to said water pipe, said 
means including a thin flat strip of mate 
rial of high thermal resistance attached to 
the wall and to said pipe for forming a 
closure between them. 

1,889,686. REFRIGERATOR. Harry H 
McKee, Chicago, Ill., assignor, by mesne as 

| signments, to Industrial Patents Corp., Chi- 

Ill., a Corporation of Delaware. Filed 
29, 1930. Serial No. 485,029. 1 Claim. 

combination with a vehicle provided 
at one side with an operator’s seat and 
having an open space at the other side, a 
refrigerator including a storage compart- 
ment extending across the said vehicle, an 
upright refrigerating unit located at one 
corner of the storage compartment at the 
in rear of the oper- 
ator’s seat, said storage compartment being 
provided at the other front corner with a 
door located at the said open space of the 
vehicle, said refrigerating unit comprising 
an upper ice tank from which water from 
the tank drips, air inlet ducts extending 
from the storage compartment and travers- 
ing the said tank, air discharge 


discharging into the storage compartment, 

| producing 

}and means connected with the said ducts for | 

| same. 

Patent Applications 
Set Record 

WASHINGTON, D. C.—The number 
of patent applications disposed of dur- 
ing the last fiscal year was the highest 
in the history of the Patent Office, ac- 
cording to the annual report of Com- 
missioner of Patents Thomas E. Robert- 

Applications finally disposed’ of 
amounted to 100,960 which was 7,553 
above the previous record figure estab- 
lished in 1931. 

While the actual output of the Patent 
Office increased, there was a marked de- 
crease in the new work received in the 
fiscal year 1932, the report shows, patent 
applications dropping from the previous 
year’s figure of 84,097 to 73,465. 

The number of applications awaiting 
official action, which was 119,597 two 
years ago and 92,203 a year ago, has 
now been reduced to 76,723, the lowest 
number for almost five years. 

Old cases were amended in greater 
number, however, the office receiving 
242,520 amendments during the year. 
Reduction in the number of applica- 
tions awaiting official action has _ re- 
sulted in greatly reducing the time ap- 
plicants have to wait for official action, 
it is pointed out. Thus, two years ago, 
out of 63 examining divisions, only three 
were under six months in acting on ap- 
plications, whereas at present, all divi- 
sions are under six months. 


GLADSTONE, Mich.—R. H. Garrison, 
former general sales manager for the 
Universal Motor Co. of Oshkosh, Wis., 
has joined the Marble-Card Electric Co. 
here as vice president in charge of 

Marble-Card has made preparations 
for increased production, according to 
Mr. Garrison, and will attempt to se- 
cure a larger market for its electrical 
machinery. An_ extensive direct-mail 
campaign, supplemented by some pub- 
lication advertising, will feature the 
company’s market expansion program. 


NEW YORK CITY—New data on 
“Heat Transmission from Metal Sur- 
faces to Boiling Liquids” were given by 
D. S. Cryder of the Massachusetts In- 
stitute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., 
at the second session of the A.S.R.E. 
convention last Wednesday. Part of the 
information presented was collected by 
E. R. Gilliland in meeting the require- 
ments for his master’s degree at Penn- 
sylvania State College. 

The paper described experimental ap- 
paratus and discussed results of direct 
measurements of boiling liquid-film co- 
efficients of heat transmission by means 
of an evaporator with an electrically 
heated brass tube suspended in the boil- 
ing liquid. 

Thermocouples were used to measure 
the temperature differences between 
pipe surfaces and boiling liquids. Equa- 
tions were developed correlating heat 
transmission coefficients with the physi- 
cal properties for the 11 different boil- 
ing liquids studied. 


DETROIT—Service men working for 
Kelvinator distributors and dealers are 
eligible to matriculate in the correspond- 
ence course in Kelvinator electric refrig- 
eration which was recentiy innovated by 
the International Kelvinator Sales Club. 

The service men will take the course 
under the same conditions that it is be- 
ing offered to Kelvinator salesmen, and 
they will be eligible to receive the 
diploma qualifying them as Domestic 
Refrigeration Engineers. 

The correspondence course in refrig- 
eration is being given through Sales 
Slants, publication of sales helps. Each 
month a list of questions is printed on 
the final pages of Sales Slants, which 
the “students” should be able to answer 
|if they have read the preceding pages 

The course has been offered to the 
|service men in an attempt to make them 
|more sales minded, sponsors of this 
| training state. 



Gabe fas a 

wall between the cham- | 
ber and the bin for their simultaneous re- | 

PREIE Ee rtes 

a ee 39 ‘ ™ 
ee EE Tees cy 7 

| FRENCH TUBES ito fill every 

‘standard and special need 

ducts | 
|traversing the drip from the said tank and | 

THERE ARE French Copper Refrigeration Tubes . . . small 
diameter and thin wall seamless tubes... for every refriger- 

ation requirement. 

Stock sizes are 1/4 in., 3/8 in., 7/16 in., 1/2 in., 5/8 in., 
and 3/4 in., all in .035 in. gauge. Heavier gauges can be 

made to order. Stock coils are 25, 50 and 100 feet long. 

Longer lengths can be supplied at short notice. 

French Deluxe Copper Refrigeration Tubes are free from 

oxide and foreign matter. Each coil is completely dehydrated 

sealed, rigidly tested 

and reaches you ready for use. For 

manufacturers who prefer to do their own dehydrating, the 

French Manufacturing Company produces copper tubes dried 

(commercially dehydrated), with either open or closed ends. 

All French Copper Refrigeration Tubes possess the requi- 
site properties for lasting, dependable service. Their grain 

structure is uniform. This important quality is in every coil 

because highest metallurgical skill, long manufacturing expe- 

rience and only the best of raw material go into their produc- 


tion. Additional information will be furnished upon request. 


General Offices: Waterbury, Connecticut 

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